African Journals Online (AJOL)
most respects, especially in their teamwork as doctors,. aJ1hough, regrettably for them, they had no children. .... formula feeds, realising the vital importance of breast- feeding to their survival. Maggie was undoubtedly a ... so important to their dual role as man and wife working as a missionary doctor team is the fact that they ...
[Anthony Shay. Tantsupoliitika
2011-01-01
Tutvustus: Shay, Anthony. Tantsupoliitika : riiklikud rahvatantsuansamblid, representatsioon ja võim / inglise keelest tõlkinud Pille Kruus. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2011. (Gigantum humeris)
Anthony Sclafani: Consummate scientist.
Vasselli, Joseph R; Smith, Gerard P
2018-03-01
In this article we review the scientific contributions of Anthony Sclafani, with specific emphasis on his early work on the neural substrate of the ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) hyperphagia-obesity syndrome, and on the development of diet-induced obesity (DIO). Over a period of 20 years Sclafani systematically investigated the neuroanatomical basis of the VMH hyperphagia-obesity syndrome, and ultimately identified a longitudinal oxytocin-containing neural tract contributing to its expression. This tract has since been implicated in mediating the effects of at least two gastrointestinal satiety factors. Sclafani was one of the first investigators to demonstrate DIO in rats as a result of exposure to multiple palatable food items (the "supermarket diet"), and concluded that diet palatability was the primary factor responsible for DIO. Sclafani went on to investigate the potency of specific carbohydrate and fat stimuli for inducing hyperphagia, and in so doing discovered that post-ingestive nutrient effects contribute to the elevated intake of palatable food items. To further investigate this effect, he devised an intragastric infusion system which allowed the introduction of nutrients into the gut paired with the oral intake of flavored solutions, an apparatus her termed the "electronic esophagus". Sclafani coined the term "appetition" to describe the effect of intestinal nutrient sensing on post-ingestive appetite stimulation. Sclafani's productivity in the research areas he chose to investigate has been nothing short of extraordinary, and his studies are characterized by inventive hypothesizing and meticulous experimental design. His results and conclusions, to our knowledge, have never been contradicted. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Susanne Friese
2004-01-01
Full Text Available The review discusses two books, both covering very similar contents and addressing more or less the same audience. The book by SAYRE is about the use of qualitative method in marketplace research in general and is aimed at marketing students and practitioners; the book by MORRISON, HALEY, SHEEHAN and TAYLOR focuses more specifically on one area of marketing, namely advertising research. MORRISON et al. provide the more practical perspective, a fact that is also reflected in the writing style of the book. It is stimulating to read, even for readers familiar with qualitative methods. It provides insights from the perspective of advertising agency planners and demonstrates how qualitative methods are applied in a commercial context. SAYRE, in comparison, provides more details and builds her book around five theoretical perspectives. It is written by an academic for a largely academic audience, containing all the basics that one needs to know when embarking on a qualitative research project. It differs from other qualitative method books in that the various steps along the way are illustrated by examples from the field of marketing. The book will, therefore, resonate well with marketing students. Nonetheless, both books can be recommended as text books for qualitative method courses in marketing—SAYRE's book for marketing students in general, and MORRISON et al.'s book for students specializing in the field of advertising. When used in a course where students conduct a small scale research project on their own, both books need to be supplemented by further readings or teacher input. Specifically, the sections on qualitative data analysis are too thin in MORRISON et al. and too broad in SAYRE in order to be useful to students without further explanation and training. Nonetheless, the two books are the best I have seen so far when it comes to selecting a book to be used in a qualitative method course for marketing students. URN
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Elected: 1998 Honorary. King, Prof. Sir David Anthony Sc.D., FRS. Date of birth: 12 August 1939. Address: Chief Scientific Adivser & Head, Office of Science and Innovation, London SW1H 0ET, U.K.. Contact: Office: (+44-020) 7215 3821. Fax: (+44-020) 7215 0314. Email: mpst.king@dti.gsi.gov.uk, dak10@cus.cam.ac.uk.
Liz Taylor : minu van Gogh pole natsidele kuulunud
2004-01-01
Elizabeth Taylor palus kohtult otsust, et talle kuuluvat 15 miljonit dollarit maksvat Vincent van Goghi maali "Vaade Saint-Remy varjupaigale" pole natsid Margarete Mauthneri juudiperekonna käest vägivaldselt ära võtnud. E. Taylori isa ostis maali 1963. a. Londonis oksjonilt
Margaret Biggs | IDRC - International Development Research Centre
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Margaret served as President of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) from 2008-2013, where she oversaw Canada's international development and humanitarian assistance efforts worldwide. Previously, Margaret served as Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant Secretary, Priorities and ...
Adelina Anthony Interview with Aimee Carrillo Rowe.
Anthony, Adelina; Carrillo Rowe, Aimee
2017-07-03
This interview explores how performing artist, activist, writer, director, performer Adelina Anthony stages queer women of color affects as a complex terrain to mobilize a decolonial imaginary. Anthony's characters are complex, contradictory, surly, and resilient with whom audience members connect and feel deeply. Especially for queer women of color, who rarely get to see their own experiences on film or on stage, Anthony's work provides a critical forum for discussing, imagining, naming, and envisioning the connections between our personal struggles and broader forces of imperialism, heterosexual capitalism, and settler colonialism. Through the "medicina" of gritty truth-telling and side-splitting laughter, Anthony discusses her own positionality as a coyote curandera. Through the exploratory genre of the interview, Anthony helps readers palpably engage a queer woman of color "theory in the flesh" to imagine their own creative potentialities through a compassionate lens of humility and humor.
2011-08-03
... A AL-WAGDANI MOHAMMAD DAKHEELALLA AMOYAL LESLIE CHABOT AQUILINA ISABELLA ASHUTE FREDERICK ANTHONY... HERBERT TAMESUE KEIKO TAMESUE NOBUKI TANG SUE MAR TANG XIN-ZI TAYLOR BRIAN TAYLOR SALLY MARGARET TELSON...
An application of Anthony Giddens' structuration theory
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The aim of this article is to discuss the structuration theory of Anthony Giddens with regard to its applicability to translation studies. Key concepts of Giddens' sociological theory as agent, agency, structure, system and structuration will be explored in terms of their applicability to translation. In this article, structuration theory ...
Bluebeards and bodies: Margaret Atwood’s men Bluebeards and bodies: Margaret Atwood’s men
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Judith Still
2008-04-01
Full Text Available While most of the critical work on the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood focuses on her representation of women, this essays delves into the author’s portrayal of men and the masculine economy in “Alien Territory” and The Blind assassin. Enquanto a maioria dos críticos da escritora canadense Margaret Atwood concentram-se na representação das personagens femininas, este trabalho se aprofunda na caracterização dos homens e em uma economia masculina em “Alien Territory” e The Blind Assassin
Anthony Eden a Foreign Office v letech 1935-1938
Švehlová, Petra
2015-01-01
The bachelor thesis Anthony Eden and the Foreign Office, 1935-1938 deals with foreign policy of Anthony Eden during the time, when he was the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom before the Second World War. The thesis analyses influence of Anthony Eden on Italian-Abyssinian war, Rhineland crisis, Spanish civil war and studies, up to what extent, Anthony Eden took part in the appeasement policy. The thesis focuses on the changes in functioning of Foreign Office during ...
From Taylor series to Taylor models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berz, Martin
1997-01-01
An overview of the background of Taylor series methods and the utilization of the differential algebraic structure is given, and various associated techniques are reviewed. The conventional Taylor methods are extended to allow for a rigorous treatment of bounds for the remainder of the expansion in a similarly universal way. Utilizing differential algebraic and functional analytic arguments on the set of Taylor models, arbitrary order integrators with rigorous remainder treatment are developed. The integrators can meet pre-specified accuracy requirements in a mathematically strict way, and are a stepping stone towards fully rigorous estimates of stability of repetitive systems
From Taylor series to Taylor models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berz, M.
1997-01-01
An overview of the background of Taylor series methods and the utilization of the differential algebraic structure is given, and various associated techniques are reviewed. The conventional Taylor methods are extended to allow for a rigorous treatment of bounds for the remainder of the expansion in a similarly universal way. Utilizing differential algebraic and functional analytic arguments on the set of Taylor models, arbitrary order integrators with rigorous remainder treatment are developed. The integrators can meet pre-specified accuracy requirements in a mathematically strict way, and are a stepping stone towards fully rigorous estimates of stability of repetitive systems. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics
MOTIVATIONAL LEXICON IN ANTHONY ROBBINS’ UNLIMITED POWER
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nur Faidatun Naimah
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In the language learning process, motivation, one of psychological factors, has a great role in endorsing students to be a successful learner. Based on the issues, the choice of words that can influence the students to do the best is practically required by the teachers. So that, teacher as a motivator has a power to influence the students to take action for achieving their excellent learning, using what Anthony Robbins suggest on his book; Unlimited Power. The writer formulated the aims of this study as follow; (1 to identify the motivational lexicons in Unlimited Power from the psychological perspective, and (2 to describe how motivational lexicons in Unlimited Power take apart in the pedagogical field. This research used qualitative research to find out the data. The data analysis technique that researcher used is content analysis since they were texts in Unlimited Power. Researcher found three motivational lexicons used by Anthony Robbins in his book Unlimited Power; think, challenge, and remember. Think used as a tool to lead his readers to come to their memory, re-identify some main points, and consider about the certain thing. Challenge used to pump readers’ emotion, gave a test, and invited them to take action. Remember used as a tool to bring back a piece of information he provided before and try to keep it in readers’ mind. Anthony’s motivational lexicons in Unlimited Power also can use in the pedagogical field. Teacher can use them in the teaching-learning process as it determines the effectiveness of rewards for what students do and apparently influential factor for learning process.
Lonergan, David
2011-01-01
Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) was an efficiency expert whose concerns were less about avoiding worker fatigue and more about increasing profit margins by any means necessary. Taylor was devoted to finding the One Best Way to carry out a task and then training workers to do that task unvaryingly; attempts by employees to improve their own…
Margaret Biggs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Margaret a occupé le poste de présidente de l'Agence canadienne de développement international (ACDI) de 2008 à 2013, où elle supervisait les efforts internationaux du Canada en matière d'aide au développement et d'aide humanitaire dans le monde entier. Précédemment, Margaret a occupé les postes de ...
Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.
Wilkins, Emma
2014-09-20
It is often claimed that Margaret Cavendish was an anti-experimentalist who was deeply hostile to the activities of the early Royal Society--particularly in relation to Robert Hooke's experiments with microscopes. Some scholars have argued that her views were odd or even childish, while others have claimed that they were shaped by her gender-based status as a scientific 'outsider'. In this paper I examine Cavendish's views in contemporary context, arguing that her relationship with the Royal Society was more nuanced than previous accounts have suggested. This contextualized approach reveals two points: first, that Cavendish's views were not isolated or odd when compared with those of her contemporaries, and second, that the early Royal Society was less intellectually homogeneous than is sometimes thought. I also show that, although hostile to some aspects of experimentalism, Cavendish nevertheless shared many of the Royal Society's ambitions for natural philosophy, especially in relation to its usefulness and the importance of plain language as a means to disseminate new ideas.
Sõda ja etnoste konfliktid Anthony Minghella filmides / Aarne Ruben
Ruben, Aarne, 1971-
2008-01-01
Käsitletakse Anthony Minghella kolme filmi: "Inglise patsient" ("The English Patient") Michael Ondaatje romaani järgi, Ameerika Ühendriigid 1996; "Külmale mäele" (Cold Mountain") Charles Frazieri romaani järgi, 2003; "Sissemurdmine" ("Breaking and Entering"), Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006
Anthony ROBERTS 5 March 1948 – 16 January 2008
TS Department
2008-01-01
We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Anthony ROBERTS on 16 January 2008. Mr ROBERTS, born on 05.03.1948, worked in the HR Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1973. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Service Human Resources Department
Margaret Atwood: "The handmaid´s tale"
Pache, Walter
1992-01-01
Margaret Atwood: "The handmaid´s tale". - In: Große Werke der Literatur / [hrsg. von Hans Vilmar Geppert]. - Augsburg : Presse-Dr.- u. Verl.-GmbH. - Bd. 2. (1992). - S. 245-267. - Veränd. auch ersch. in: Anglistentag: Proceedings. 1991 (1992). S. 386-400
2016-2017 Travel Expense Reports for Margaret Ann Biggs ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Beata Bialic
Purpose: Internal IDRC meetings. Date(s):. 2016-07-04 to 2016-07-06. Destination(s):. Ottawa. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $39.00. Accommodation: $0.00. Meals and. Incidentals: $25.43. Other: $0.00. Total: $64.43. Comments: 2016-2017 Travel Expense Reports for. Margaret Ann Biggs, Chairperson.
A Polymath at Play: An Interview with Margaret Boden
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Prager, Phillip
2014-01-01
Margaret Boden is Research Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of Sussex, where she was the founding dean of the university’s School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences. Trained originally at the University of Cambridge and at Harvard University in medicine and the history of philoso......, mathematics, philosophy, and literature....
"Solid All the Way Through": Margaret Mahy's Ordinary Witches
Waller, Alison
2004-01-01
In "The Haunting," "The Changeover," and "The Tricksters," Margaret Mahy fuses supernatural iconography of witchcraft and magic with images of ordinary and domestic adolescence. This article argues that Mahy's "fantastic realism" illuminates aspects of female teenage experience through a blend of myth, fairy tale, folklore and history, as well as…
Reflections on water: An interview with Margaret Catley-Carlson ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
2011-02-08
Feb 8, 2011 ... In an effort to demystify the water "problem," IDRC Bulletin speaks with IDRC governor Margaret Catley-Carlson who has been working in the area of water for 20 years, most recently as Chair of the Global Water Partnership and member of the World Water Commission. What do you think are the most ...
Repainting, modifying, smashing Taylorism
H.D. Pruijt (Hans)
2000-01-01
textabstractAbstract Survey data show that post-Tayloristic production concepts are not developing to the extent that many researchers had originally expected. It also is inadequate to portray post-Taylorism as a development that is happening, but just slower than expected. This is inadequate
Fialkoff, Francine
2009-01-01
In his 30 years as a library wholesaler, first as VP and general manager of Brodart Books, Library, and School Automation divisions and since 2000 as president of the Library & Education division of Baker & Taylor (B&T), George Coe has been instrumental in a whole host of innovations. They go way beyond the selection, processing, and delivery of…
Repainting, modifying, smashing Taylorism
Pruijt, Hans
2000-01-01
textabstractAbstract Survey data show that post-Tayloristic production concepts are not developing to the extent that many researchers had originally expected. It also is inadequate to portray post-Taylorism as a development that is happening, but just slower than expected. This is inadequate because there are counter-tendencies: the resurgence of the assembly line in the highly paradigmatic automobile assembly; the rise of the McDonalds-type organization; and continuing skills-replacing auto...
Taylor dispersion of nanoparticles
Balog, Sandor; Urban, Dominic A.; Milosevic, Ana M.; Crippa, Federica; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara; Petri-Fink, Alke
2017-08-01
The ability to detect and accurately characterize particles is required by many fields of nanotechnology, including materials science, nanotoxicology, and nanomedicine. Among the most relevant physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, size and the related surface-to-volume ratio are fundamental ones. Taylor dispersion combines three independent phenomena to determine particle size: optical extinction, translational diffusion, and sheer-enhanced dispersion of nanoparticles subjected to a steady laminar flow. The interplay of these defines the apparent size. Considering that particles in fact are never truly uniform nor monodisperse, we rigorously address particle polydispersity and calculate the apparent particle size measured by Taylor dispersion analysis. We conducted case studies addressing aqueous suspensions of model particles and large-scale-produced "industrial" particles of both academic and commercial interest of various core materials and sizes, ranging from 15 to 100 nm. A comparison with particle sizes determined by transmission electron microscopy confirms that our approach is model-independent, non-parametric, and of general validity that provides an accurate account of size polydispersity—independently on the shape of the size distribution and without any assumption required a priori.
‘ The Theoretical Eye’ translated by Anthony Auerbach
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hubert Damisch
2011-12-01
Full Text Available In his article ‘L’œil théoricien’ (1988, written for the catalogue of an exhibition of works by Josef Albers (1888–1976, Hubert Damisch brought the complex of ideas elaborated in his major work on Renaissance painting to bear on the twentieth century. With reference, on the one hand, to psychoanalysis, and on the other hand to geometry, Damisch juxtaposes the enigma of Albers’ works with the logic of his method, hinting at an interpretation which, like L’origine de la perspective (1987, will borrow from Lacan, Wittgenstein and Merleau-Ponty. Translated from the French by Anthony Auerbach with augmented notes.
Editorial: Howard Taylor Ricketts
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Facultad de Medicina Revista
1941-05-01
Full Text Available Howard Taylor Ricketts nació en Findlay (Ohio el 9 de febrero de 1871. Pasó su niñez en Nebraska, recibió su título de bachiller en la Universidad de ese Estado, en 1894 y se graduó de médico en Northwestern University, en 1897. Hizo su internado en el Cook-County de Chicago. Practicó estdios especiales de dermatología en el Rush Medical College durante dos años. En 1900 contrajo matrimonio con Myra Tubbs, inteligente mujer que colaboró en sus trabajos con rara devoción, ardiente interés y constante estímulo.
MARGARET ATWOOD'S NON-FICTION ABOUT FICTION: PAYBACK
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Igor Maver
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Margaret Atwood's provocative recent book of non-fiction contains many literary references, which help to effectively highlight her points about such a topical matter as debt, debt as a philosophical, politico-economic, religious, and historical issue over the centuries. In the central chapters of the book she looks at the Protestant Reformation and the introduction of interest on loans and in this light analyzes the novels by Dickens, Irving, Thackeray and G. Eliot. Her final statement in the book is, however, about the ecological debt we all have to pay to Earth in order to ensure our existence.
John Bowlby and Margaret s. Mahler: their lives and theories.
Coates, Susan W
2004-01-01
Traumatic aspects of the lives of John Bowlby and Margaret Mahler can be seen to inform their intellectual careers, a perspective that suggests that attachment theory and separation-individuation theory are far more consonant with one another than otherwise. Articulating the domains of convergence between the two theories reveals the essential complementarity of the special strengths of each. Both theories were attempts to understand the role of experience in the development of mental representations. Mahler paid close clinical attention to inner mental states and their evolution, while Bowlby searched for behavioral correlates that could lend themselves to empirical observation and inferences about internal representations.
Review of Margaret Mahler: A biography of the psychoanalyst.
Bergner, Sharone
2009-09-01
Reviews the book, Margaret Mahler: A biography of the psychoanalyst by Alma Halbert Bond (see record 2008-07778-000). This psychobiography tells an evocative tale of the late Margaret Mahler's embattled, difficult, yet highly productive life. Mahler was a developmental researcher and a psychoanalyst. Her delineation of the separation-individuation process dramatically shifted psychoanalytic developmental theory, altering psychoanalytic understanding of pathogenesis and treatment. Her understanding of the mother-child matrix, as well as her approach to studying it, directly affected psychoanalytic child therapy as well, focusing clinical attention on the moment-by-moment vicissitudes of early development and also upon the possibility of altering its course through therapeutic intervention in the mother-child relationship. The book suffers from a number of problems: the narrative is sloppy, marred by numerous jarring, obvious, even surprising flaws. There is tremendous repetitiveness-sentences and whole passages are repeated verbatim within several pages. There are multiple errors, inconsistencies, and contradictions, including in the chapter notes and bibliography. Along with this shoddiness, there is reliance upon antiquated, sometimes simply inaccurate, conceptualizations and definitions of psychoanalytic and psychological ideas. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
78 FR 62676 - Anthony E. Wicks, M.D. Decision and Order
2013-10-22
... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration Anthony E. Wicks, M.D. Decision and Order On... Administration, issued an Order to Show Cause to Anthony E. Wicks, M.D. (Applicant), of Tampa, Florida. Show.... See 28 CFR 0.100(b). ``[T]hese factors are considered in the disjunctive.'' Robert A. Leslie, 68 FR...
Juvenile Delinquency in Novel Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess
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Bena Yusuf Pelawi
2014-05-01
Full Text Available The study aimed to reveal the role of literary work, especially a novel in reflecting the social fenomena, the juvenile delinquency in the twentieth century. The data source was an English novel ‘Clockwork Orange’ written by Anthony Burgess. The research applied library research by using reflection theory introduced by Georg Lukacs. Analysis was presented in three parts, those were the identification of major character, social setting, and the reflection of juvenile delinquency.The findings were as follows. First, the major character was Alex as his hig intensity in all the events that build the whole story. Second, the social setting described the life of teenagers, especially the juvenile delinquency as social fenomena in society. Third, the role of literary work in revealing the problem above faced by the twentieth century society. Finally, it can be concluded that the literary work has played a very important role in revealing the social fenomena.
John Locke and the case of Anthony Ashley Cooper.
Anstey, Peter R; Principe, Lawrence M
2011-01-01
In June 1668 Anthony Ashley Cooper, later to become the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, underwent abdominal surgery to drain a large abscess above his liver. The case is extraordinary, not simply on account of the eminence of the patient and the danger of the procedure, but also because of the many celebrated figures involved. A trove of manuscripts relating to this famous operation survives amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives at Kew. These include case notes in the hand of the philosopher John Locke and advice from leading physicians of the day including Francis Glisson, Sir George Ent and Thomas Sydenham. The majority of this material has never been published before. This article provides complete transcriptions and translations of all of these manuscripts, thus providing for the first time a comprehensive case history. It is prefaced with an extended introduction.
nas teorias de Anthony Giddens e Bruno Latour
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Karine Pereira Goss
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The article discusses three important qualitative currents critical of functionalism: social phenomenology, symbolic interactionism and ethnomethodology. Initially it introduces the main theories and authors that influence each one of those approaches. Then it describes the main theoretical and methodological assumptions of each one of them, their common aspects and most important representatives. Then it analyzes the role they ascribe to the actors cognition, as this is one of the basic principles that is common to the three of them. The article also tries to demonstrate how two contemporary sociologists Anthony Giddens and Bruno Latour who are heirs of different sociological traditions share some of the main precepts of those approaches. Finally, besides reflecting on the contributions that the three currents have given to social science, it stresses that one of the ways for sociology to recover a creative perspective is to retrieve the theoretical knowledge in conjunction with the empirical study developed by interactionist schools.
Taylorism given a helping hand
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tolsby, June
2000-01-01
Illustrates how th implementation of a major information technology (IT) system within the Norwegian Army affected the way the employees perceived their flexibility and personal involvement in their work. By employing Taylor's initial works, this paper illustrates how the introduction...
The Body of Hurt in Margaret Atwood's Novel Bodily Harm
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Avital Gad Cykman
2015-01-01
This article analyses Margaret Atwood’s novel BODILY HARM (1981 in regard to its exploration of the link between corporeality and contextuality, focusing on the relation between the historical and socio-cultural context in which identity is constructed and the female character’s perception of body and self. The character’s retrospective journey serves as a ground for a deconstruction of the character’s values, behavior, relationships, and discomfort with the body in order to reveal the power relations and social causes behind her present situation. The study focuses on the literary articulation of the problems of being female, the exploration of the relation between the biological body and the cultural concept of the body, and the criticism of social representations of women.
[Margaret Cavendish vs Robert Hooke: An impossible duel].
Aït-Touati, Frédérique
2016-12-01
In 1665, Robert Hooke published his major work in microscopy, Micrographia, a defense of experimental philosophy. The following year, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, published at her own expense a treatise and a novel that undermined the basis of this new science. The dispute broke out at the initiative of the Duchess, in the context of a vast controversy about the legitimacy and the efficiency of optical instruments in natural philosophy. All the figures of the dual are used, except one: the counterattack. Cavendish, indeed, was alone on the battlefield. Is it possible to call a dual a battle with only one combatant? This particular case of dispute that stops owing to the shortage of combatants is the subject of this article.
Margaret Atwood: la sirena de géneros
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Freire, Espido
2009-06-01
Full Text Available En la narrativa de Margaret Atwood la sorpresa, el uso poético del lenguaje y la reconstrucción constante de la identidad de los personajes guían al lector a traves de los distintos textos. Tanto en la reconstrucción de Los diarios de Susanna Moodie como en la traducción de emociones y sentimientos de la reina de Dinamarca en «La respuesta de Getrudis», la figura de las protagonistas femeninas fuertes e imprevisibles reinventan el misterio del eterno femenino. Las criadas y las señoras, desde sus peculiares puntos de vista, definen la sociedad con distancia y escepticismo, sabedoras de que son más de lo que el otro (el lector o los personajes pueden atisbar. En un acto lúdico constante, la literatura se convierte en un juego eterno, con las palabras como reglas.
Taylor, Denny
2004-01-01
Profiles of Yetta Goodman, Maxine Greene, Louise Rosenblatt, and Margaret Meek Spencer are given. They are the members of International Scholars' Forums in Literacy Studies at Hofstra, whose focus is language, literacy, politics and education.
Margaret Cavendish in de Nederlanden: Thijs Weststeijn wint de ABG VN Essay Prijs 2008
Weststeijn, T.
2008-01-01
De intellectuele positie van Margaret Cavendish, hertogin van Newcastle, is al sinds de zeventiende eeuw omstreden. Volgens haar Hollandse tijdgenoten was zij echter wel degelijk princeps ingenii: vooraanstaand onder de knappe koppen.
Theatre Arts' Michael Anthony Williams appears in Jodie Foster's new film, The Brave One
Adams, Louise
2007-01-01
Virginia Tech Theatre Arts Visiting Instructor Michael Anthony Williams is in the cast of Jodie Foster's new movie, The Brave One, being released to theatres around the nation on Friday, Sept. 14, by Warner Brothers Studios.
Taylorism given a helping hand
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tolsby, June
2000-01-01
Illustrates how th implementation of a major information technology (IT) system within the Norwegian Army affected the way the employees perceived their flexibility and personal involvement in their work. By employing Taylor's initial works, this paper illustrates how the introduction of the IT s......Illustrates how th implementation of a major information technology (IT) system within the Norwegian Army affected the way the employees perceived their flexibility and personal involvement in their work. By employing Taylor's initial works, this paper illustrates how the introduction...
Overview of Rayleigh-Taylor instability
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sharp, D.H.
1983-01-01
The aim of this talk is to survey Rayleigh-Taylor instability, describing the phenomenology that occurs at a Taylor unstable interface, and reviewing attempts to understand these phenomena quantitatively.
Billy Taylor: Tapping into Our Musical Heritage.
Boston, Bruce O.
1996-01-01
Presents an interview with premier jazz pianist Billy Taylor. Taylor talks about the support and encouragement he received from his family and schools. He also discusses his work with young people and his support for education and the arts. (MJP)
Atomic Power | Taylor | Zede Journal
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Zede Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 3 (1968) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Atomic Power. D Taylor. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT ...
Who believes in the Taylor Principle?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stadtmann, Georg; Pierdzioch; Rülke
2012-01-01
The Livingston survey data are used to investigate whether economists’ forecasts are consistent with the Taylor principle. Consistency with the Taylor principle is strong for academics and Federal Reserve economists, and less strong for private-sector economists.......The Livingston survey data are used to investigate whether economists’ forecasts are consistent with the Taylor principle. Consistency with the Taylor principle is strong for academics and Federal Reserve economists, and less strong for private-sector economists....
Arsenic pilot plant operation and results : Anthony, New Mexico.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aragon, Malynda Jo; Everett, Randy L.; Siegel, Malcolm Dean; Aragon, Alicia R.; Kottenstette, Richard Joseph; Holub, William E., Jr.; Wright, Jerome L.; Dwyer, Brian P.
2007-09-01
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is conducting pilot scale evaluations of the performance and cost of innovative water treatment technologies aimed at meeting the recently revised arsenic maximum contaminant level (MCL) for drinking water. The standard of 10 {micro}g/L (10 ppb) is effective as of January 2006. The pilot tests have been conducted in New Mexico where over 90 sites that exceed the new MCL have been identified by the New Mexico Environment Department. The pilot test described in this report was conducted in Anthony, New Mexico between August 2005 and December 2006 at Desert Sands Mutual Domestic Water Consumers Association (MDWCA) (Desert Sands) Well No.3. The pilot demonstrations are a part of the Arsenic Water Technology Partnership program, a partnership between the American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF), SNL and WERC (A Consortium for Environmental Education and Technology Development). The Sandia National Laboratories pilot demonstration at the Desert Sands site obtained arsenic removal performance data for fourteen different adsorptive media under intermittent flow conditions. Well water at Desert Sands has approximately 20 ppb arsenic in the unoxidized (arsenite-As(III)) redox state with moderately high total dissolved solids (TDS), mainly due to high sulfate, chloride, and varying concentrations of iron. The water is slightly alkaline with a pH near 8. The study provides estimates of the capacity (bed volumes until breakthrough at 10 ppb arsenic) of adsorptive media in the same chlorinated water. Adsorptive media were compared side-by-side in ambient pH water with intermittent flow operation. This pilot is broken down into four phases, which occurred sequentially, however the phases overlapped in most cases.
MAKING THE PATIENT-CONSUMER IN MARGARET THATCHER'S BRITAIN
MOLD, ALEX
2011-01-01
This article examines the role played by patient organizations in the making of the patient as consumer during Margaret Thatcher's term as prime minster. It details a crucial moment in the reconstitution of the relationship between state and citizen, as universal entitlements to welfare gave way to individualistic rights to, and choice of, services. Though patients had been regarded as consumers prior to this period, it was during the 1980s that the patient-consumer moved from the margins to centre-stage. By examining the activities of patient groups around three key themes – the provision of information, the development of patients' rights, and the notion of patient choice – this article shows that ideas about what it meant to be a patient-consumer came initially from patient groups. Through their work in these areas, patient groups built up a kind of patient consumerism that was concerned with the needs of the wider population, as well as representing demands made by individual patient-consumers. By the end of the 1980s, however, the patient-consumer was reconfigured by the Conservative government, and emphasis moved from the collective needs of patient-consumers to the rights of individuals within increasingly marketized services. This development thus raises questions not only about who speaks for the consumer, but also about the relationship between citizenship and consumption in contemporary Britain. PMID:22826610
Margaret Cavendish's materialist critique of van Helmontian chymistry.
Clucas, Stephen
2011-03-01
A striking omission in the scholarship on the reception of the chymical philosophy of Jan Baptista van Helmont in England in the seventeenth century is the work of the mid-seventeenth-century natural philosopher Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. In her Philosophical Letters (1664), Cavendish offers an extended critique of Van Helmont's work (whose Ortus Medicince had recently been translated into English by John Sadler). In this paper, I compare Cavendish's criticisms with those of Robert Boyle in his Sceptical Chymist (1661). Both Boyle and Cavendish attacked Van Helmont for the obscurity of his chymical vocabulary and concepts, and attacked his seminalism. Although their critiques had much in common, they diverged in their attitudes to Van Helmont's experiments. As an opponent of the experimental philosophy, Cavendish had little interest in the quality of Van Helmont's experimental claims, whereas Boyle was critical of their unreplicability. I also try to show that the two writers had very different polemical agendas, with Boyle defending his vision of chymistry based on a corpuscularian natural philosophy, and Cavendish being as much concerned with establishing her religious orthodoxy as with defending the truth claims of her own materialist vitalism. For Cavendish, Van Helmont was an example of the dangers of mingling theology and natural philosophy.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
2000-01-01
The 12.75 MW Taylor Hydroelectric Plant in Magrath, Alberta, synchronized its generator with the Alberta Power Grid and began production in April 2000. The plant is located on Government of Alberta irrigation works and is owned by Canadian Hydro Developers. During the irrigation season the plant will generate approximately 40 million kilowatt hours of zero-emission 'green' power for consumption, enough to power 5,000 homes for a year. The Taylor plant is a joint venture with EPCOR Power Development Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of EPCOR Inc., the City of Edmonton utility. Canadian Hydro Developers also owns a 19 MW wind plant and a 6 MW gas plant in Alberta and five other 'run of river' hydro plants in Ontario and British Columbia. The company is committed to the concept of low-impact power generation; its ownership of wind run-of-river hydro and gas-fired facilities is proof of that commitment
Micromixer based on Taylor dispersion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yang, H; Nguyen, N-T; Huang, X
2006-01-01
This paper reports an analytical model, the fabrication and the characterization of a polymeric micromixer based on Taylor dispersion. Due to the distributed velocity field over the channel cross section, the effective dispersion in axial direction in a microchannel is much stronger than the pure molecular diffusion. In our work, squential segmentation was used in the micromixer for improving mixing in a microchannel. The micromixer was designed and fabricated based on lamination of five 100-μm-thick polymer sheets. Rubber valve seats were embedded between the forth and the fifth layers. The polymer layers were machined using a CO 2 laser. The lamination of the five layers was carried out by a commercial hot laminator (Aurora LM-450HC). External solenoid actuators are used for closing the valves at the mixer inlets. The experimental results confirm the effect of Taylor dispersion. Mixing ratio can be adjusted by pulse width modulation of the control signal of the solenoids
Kalimat – Kalimat Minor Dalam Film Captain America: Civil War Disutradarai Oleh Anthony & Joe Russo
WILAR, JULIO DAVID
2017-01-01
This study aims at describing the use of minor sentences in the film Captain America: Civil War directed by Anthony and Joe Russo. The writer used the theory of Charles Hockett (1958) to identify and analize the data that have been found in the film. The focus of this research is the minor sentences in the film Captain America: Civil War directed by Anthony and Joe Russo. The data in this research are minor sentences which obtained from the film. The collected data were analyzed by using des...
Nutildytųjų balsas Margaret Atwood romane „Tarnaitės pasakojimas“
Krėpštaitė, Gabrielė
2016-01-01
Voice of the Voiceless in Margaret Atwood's “The Handmaid's Tale” Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale (1987) presents a dystopian vision of a society that is controlled and oppressed not only physically, but psychologically as well. The present BA paper focuses on the analysis of power relations displayed in the novel, different forms of resistance against the regime, and Gilead’s resemblance to a prison system. The aim of the paper is to discuss how men and women of Gilead find their...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Aslı TEKİNAY
2000-01-01
Full Text Available There is a dark strain which can be traced in the poetry of all the major nineteenth century English romantic poets: a scepticism about the ultimate purpose of man's life, a sense of having lost a metaphysical certainty and faith in the presence of a benevolent power who maintains harmony and order in the universe. Samuel Taylor Coleridge is one of them. In "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and "Christabel", he reveals a nightmarish vision of the universe where moral order seems to be replaced by a cosmic "hap".
2010-10-22
...; ] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 26 Anthony R. Pietrangelo on Behalf of the Nuclear Energy Institute; Receipt of Petition for Rulemaking AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Petition for... the NRC by Anthony R. Pietrangelo on behalf of the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI). The petition was...
The Solar House: Pioneering Sustainable Design. By Anthony Denzer. New York: Rizzoli, 2013
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Karen Koehler
2014-07-01
Full Text Available This review of The Solar House: Pioneering Sustainable Design, by Anthony Denzer, discusses the important contributions of this book to the history of midcentury modern architecture, and considers the role of solar houses in the context of current debates over sustainability.
"'Look More Closely,' Said Mum": Mothers in Anthony Browne's Picture Books
Joosen, Vanessa
2015-01-01
In this article, Vanessa Joosen explores Anthony Browne's construction of motherhood in four of his picture books that focus on family. She focuses on the use of narratological perspective, visual point of view, and intertextual references to explain how an ideology of motherhood is evoked. While Browne makes use of child narrators and focalizers…
Challenges of Catholic Men in the Church and the World Anthony ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Religion Dept
Challenges of Catholic Men in the Church and the World. Anthony B. C. Chiegboka. Abstract. The laity in the Church is ... their operations and the challenges before them. Introduction. The Catholic Men are Christians and adult ..... “Put on the whole armour of God....” (Eph 6: 13): The. Identity, Rights and Challenges of the ...
2013-08-19
.... Anthony; Notice of Termination of Exemption by Implied Surrender and Soliciting Comments and Protests Take... Proceeding: Termination of exemption by implied surrender. b. Project No.: 6618-007. c. Date Initiated...,498). Article 2 of the exemption requires the exemptee to comply with any terms and conditions set by...
L. Harrison: Mass (to St. Anthony); A. Pärt: Berliner Messe / Robert Cowan
Cowan, Robert
1994-01-01
Uuest heliplaadist "L. Harrison: Mass (to St. Anthony); A. Pärt: Berliner Messe. Oregon Repertory Singers / Gilbert Seeley. Koch International Classics CD 37 177-2; Pärt - comparative version: Estonian Phil. Chbr. Ch., Tallinn CO / Kaljuste" (11/93)(ECM) 439 162-2
Casas, Paula; Isarowong, Nucha
2015-01-01
Physicians affiliated with small community hospitals face numerous barriers to using developmentally oriented best practices in primary care with young children. Saint Anthony Hospital's Developmental Support Project model promotes improved developmental outcomes for children through two complementary strands of services: (a) training and…
Huxman, Susan Schultz
1996-01-01
Invites rhetorical critics to reappraise the way they study discreet social movements and pay isolated tribute to woman's rights figures. Examines how Mary Wollstonecraft, Margaret Fuller, and Angelina Grimke each co-opted the ideational and stylistic rhetorical characteristics of pre-existing social movements (the enlightenment,…
Women's Oppressed and Disfigured Life in Margaret Atwood's the Handmaid's Tale
Zarrinjooee, Bahman; Kalantarian, Shirin
2017-01-01
The present study attempts to analyze Margaret Atwood's (1939-) "The Handmaid's Tale" (1985) based on theories of feminist thinker, Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) and applies her theories presented in "The Second Sex" (1949) that leads to better apprehension of sex and gender. Beauvoir's ideology focuses mainly on the cultural…
No flowers: performative interventions 'at the moment of' Margaret Thatcher's passing
Bush, Sophie; Daniels, Morgan
2015-01-01
Why is “respect” the order of the day for the dead, such as Margaret Thatcher, upon their dying? Was Walter Benjamin right when he pointed to death and its trimmings as that which lends authority to the storyteller? And how might performance short circuit narratives so motored?
Pedagogy and Passages: The Performativity of Margaret Cavendish's Utopian Fiction
Gregoriou, Zelia
2013-01-01
This article explores the pedagogical significance of non-static and hybrid utopian readings and writings by focusing on Margaret Cavendish's educationally-philosophically neglected female utopia "The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World." It questions the exaggerated, inflated and exclusivist emphasis on the…
Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623-1673) and the Uses of Women's History.
Polomo, Delores
Research of the lives of almost unknown women such as Margaret Cavendish (1623-1673) provides valuable perspectives on contemporary problems affecting women and establishes a tradition of female development and community. Cavendish published 14 volumes of poetry, prose fiction, plays, and a biography of her husband plus five volumes of natural…
Margaret Cavendish in de Nederlanden : Filosofie en schilderkunst in de Gouden Eeuw
Weststeijn, Thijs
2008-01-01
The intellectual position of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, has been controversial since the seventeenth century. According to her Dutch contemporaries, she still remains princeps ingenii: prominent among the elite. In his essay Thijs Weststeijn outlines a beautiful picture of this
Life as the Middle Child: A Conversation With Mary Margaret Kerr
Teagarden, James M.; Zabel, Robert H.; Kaff, Marilyn S.
2015-01-01
As part of an ongoing oral history project, a conversation was held with Dr. Mary Margaret Kerr on the past, present, and possible future of the field of providing services to children with emotional-behavioral disorders. Dr. Wood stresses the increasing importance of providing an interdisciplinary approach to meet the needs for children or, as…
'Vulgar publicity' and the problems of privacy in Margaret Oliphant's 'Salem Chapel'
MacDonald, T.
2011-01-01
This article examines Margaret Oliphant's Salem Chapel (1863), the author's only foray into the sensation genre. It argues that the novel's focus on the dangers of gossip and public exposure reveals Oliphant's fraught relationship with sensationalism. Two key characters represent sensational readers
Taylorism and the Logic of Learning Outcomes
Stoller, Aaron
2015-01-01
This essay examines the shared philosophical foundations of Fredrick W. Taylor's scientific management principles and the contemporary learning outcomes movement (LOM). It analyses the shared philosophical ground between the focal point of Taylor's system--"the task"--and the conceptualization and deployment of "learning…
RADIATIVE RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITIES
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jacquet, Emmanuel; Krumholz, Mark R.
2011-01-01
We perform analytic linear stability analyses of an interface separating two stratified media threaded by a radiation flux, a configuration relevant in several astrophysical contexts. We develop a general framework for analyzing such systems and obtain exact stability conditions in several limiting cases. In the optically thin, isothermal regime, where the discontinuity is chemical in nature (e.g., at the boundary of a radiation pressure-driven H II region), radiation acts as part of an effective gravitational field, and instability arises if the effective gravity per unit volume toward the interface overcomes that away from it. In the optically thick a diabaticregime where the total (gas plus radiation) specific entropy of a Lagrangian fluid element is conserved, for example at the edge of radiation pressure-driven bubble around a young massive star, we show that radiation acts like a modified equation of state and derive a generalized version of the classical Rayleigh-Taylor stability condition.
Nonideal Rayleigh-Taylor mixing
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sharp, David Howland [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lin, Hyun K [STONY BROOK UNIV.; Iwerks, Justin G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gliman, James G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; [NON LANL
2009-01-01
Rayleigh-Taylor mixing is a classical hydrodynamic Instability, which occurs when a light fluid pushes against a heavy fluid. The two main sources of nonideal behavior in Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) mixing are regularizations (physical and numerical) which produce deviations from a pure Euler equation, scale Invariant formulation, and non Ideal (i.e. experimental) initial conditions. The Kolmogorov theory of turbulence predicts stirring at all length scales for the Euler fluid equations without regularization. We Interpret mathematical theories of existence and non-uniqueness in this context, and we provide numerical evidence for dependence of the RT mixing rate on nonideal regularizations, in other words indeterminacy when modeled by Euler equations. Operationally, indeterminacy shows up as non unique solutions for RT mixing, parametrized by Schmidt and Prandtl numbers, In the large Reynolds number (Euler equation) limit. Verification and validation evidence is presented for the large eddy simulation algorithm used here. Mesh convergence depends on breaking the nonuniqueness with explicit use of the laminar Schmidt and PrandtJ numbers and their turbulent counterparts, defined in terms of subgrid scale models. The dependence of the mixing rate on the Schmidt and Prandtl numbers and other physical parameters will be illustrated. We demonstrate numerically the influence of initial conditions on the mixing rate. Both the dominant short wavelength Initial conditions and long wavelength perturbations are observed to playa role. By examination of two classes of experiments, we observe the absence of a single universal explanation, with long and short wavelength initial conditions, and the various physical and numerical regularizations contributing In different proportions In these two different contexts.
Translation and Creative Writing: An Interview with Professor Margaret Rogers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ruzbeh Babaee
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Introduction This interview was conducted with Emerita Professor Margaret Rogers with the aim of providing a brief but informative summary of the relationship between translation and creative writing. Emerita Professor Rogers is in the Centre for Translation Studies, School of English and Languages, University of Surrey, UK. She is also the founder of Terminology Network at the Institute of Translation and Interpreting in the UK. Professor Rogers introduced creative writing into the translation curriculum some 10 years ago at her own university. The Interview RB[1]: Do you believe in a theory of translation? MR[2]: There are many ways of trying to understand and, where we can, explain translation in all its guises, loci and times. To talk about ‘a theory’ in this context doesn’t help much. There are many different approaches to the academic study of translation: rather simply put, the particular approach which we choose to adopt may depend on our object of study (e.g. literary translation or specialised translation, what we want to find out about this (e.g. are we interested in product or process, in a historical or contemporary perspective, what resources we have available (e.g. a fully funded research team or a solo effort and so on. Many projects are interdisciplinary—this has long been recognised—and translation scholars are becoming much more resourceful in identifying, adopting and adapting relevant approaches from intersecting disciplines such as comparative literature, cultural studies, history, linguistics, philosophy, psychology and sociology. Some scholars are now advocating a problem-based approach. In any research project it is important to establish how the problem/phenomenon/issue which has been identified as the focus of the study can be tackled. For this, in an empirical study a method is crucial: in translation studies this is rarely something that can be picked off the shelf and is often a contribution to the
CRITIQUE OF FUNCTIONALISM IN THE WORKS OF ANTHONY GIDDENS AND NORBERT ELIAS: A COMPARISON
Šņitņikovs, Aleksejs
2017-01-01
The purpose of the paper is to assess the arguments of the critique of functionalism by Anthony Giddens and Norbert Elias. After being subject to severe criticism, terminology of functionalism is still a part of the lexicon of social scientists nowadays. Functionalist reasoning and concepts of functionalism are used in sociology, political science and economics, even though often without full awareness of its theoretical implications. Recent revival of interest in the works by Elias is connec...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Willmott, G.R.; Radford, D.D.
2005-01-01
The deformation and fracture behavior of soda-lime and borosilicate glass rods was examined during classic and symmetric Taylor impact experiments for impact pressures to 4 and 10 GPa, respectively. High-speed photography and piezoresistive gauges were used to measure the failure front velocities in both glasses, and for impact pressures below ∼2 GPa the failure front velocity increases rapidly with increasing pressure. As the pressure was increased above ∼3 GPa, the failure front velocities asymptotically approached maximum values between the longitudinal and shear wave velocities of each material; at ∼4 GPa, the average failure front velocities were 4.7±0.5 and 4.6±0.5 mm μs -1 for the soda-lime and borosilicate specimens, respectively. The observed mechanism of failure in these experiments involved continuous pressure-dependent nucleation and growth of microcracks behind the incident wave. As the impact pressure was increased, there was a decrease in the time to failure. The density of cracks within the failed region was material dependent, with the more open-structured borosilicate glass showing a larger fracture density
Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour Margaret Ann ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Beata Bialic
Date(s). 2016-09-09 à 2016-09-29. Destination(s). Ottawa. Billet d'avion. 0.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement. 66.00 $. Frais de logement. 0.00 $. Repas et frais divers. 0.00 $. Autre frais. 0.00 $. Total. 66.00 $. Commentaires. Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour. Margaret Ann Biggs, Présidente du ...
Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour Margaret Ann ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Beata Bialic
Date(s). 2016-07-14 à 2016-07-21. Destination(s). Ottawa. Billet d'avion. 0.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement. 36.00 $. Frais de logement. 0.00 $. Repas et frais divers. 0.00 $. Autre frais. 0.00 $. Total. 36.00 $. Commentaires. Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour. Margaret Ann Biggs, Présidente du ...
Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour Margaret Ann ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Beata Bialic
Date(s). 2016-06-20 à 2016-06-22. Destination(s). Ottawa. Billet d'avion. 0.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement. 28.00 $. Frais de logement. 0.00 $. Repas et frais divers. 50.55 $. Autre frais. 0.00 $. Total. 78.55 $. Commentaires. Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour. Margaret Ann Biggs, Présidente du ...
Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour Margaret Ann ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Beata Bialic
Date(s). 2016-07-04 à 2016-07-06. Destination(s). Ottawa. Billet d'avion. 0.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement. 39.00 $. Frais de logement. 0.00 $. Repas et frais divers. 25.43 $. Autre frais. 0.00 $. Total. 64.43 $. Commentaires. Rapports 2016-2017 sur les frais de voyage pour. Margaret Ann Biggs, Présidente du ...
Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Margaret Biggs | CRDI - Centre ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Accueil · À propos du CRDI · Obligation de rendre compte · Transparence · Déplacements et accueil. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Margaret Biggs. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$1,460.70. Participer au sommet du T20 sur les solutions mondiales. 29 mai 2017 au 31 mai 2017. CAD$852.39. Participer à un ...
Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Margaret Biggs | CRDI - Centre ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Margaret Biggs. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$6,727.48. Participation à la cérémonie de remise des prix Canada Gairdner 2016. 27 octobre 2016 au 28 octobre 2016. CAD$859.79. Assister à des réunions internes organisées par le CRDI. 9 septembre 2016 au 29 septembre ...
Margaret Murray (1863–1963: Pioneer Egyptologist, Feminist and First Female Archaeology Lecturer
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ruth Whitehouse
2013-10-01
Full Text Available Margaret Murray, who was born 150 years ago, was one of the first archaeologists to be employed at UCL and one of the most distinguished, although her role in the history of archaeology is often underestimated. This article provides a brief outline of the career and contribution of a highly productive and innovative, if sometimes controversial, scholar, who also participated in the wider social movements of her time, particularly the campaign for women’s suffrage.
Dynamics of helicity transport and Taylor relaxation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Diamond, P.H.; Malkov, M.
2003-01-01
A simple model of the dynamics of Taylor relaxation is derived using symmetry principles alone. No statistical closure approximations are invoked or detailed plasma model properties assumed. Notably, the model predicts several classes of nondiffusive helicity transport phenomena, including traveling nonlinear waves and superdiffusive turbulent pulses. A universal expression for the scaling of the effective magnetic Reynolds number of a system undergoing Taylor relaxation is derived. Some basic properties of intermittency in helicity transport are examined
Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Swisher, N. C.; Abarzhi, S. I.; Kuranz, C. C.; Arnett, D.; Hurricane, O.; Remington, B. A.; Robey, H. F.
2015-01-01
We report a scrupulous analysis of data in supernova experiments that are conducted at high power laser facilities in order to study core-collapse supernova SN1987A. Parameters of the experimental system are properly scaled to investigate the interaction of a blast-wave with helium-hydrogen interface, and the induced Rayleigh-Taylor instability and Rayleigh-Taylor mixing of the denser and lighter fluids with time-dependent acceleration. We analyze all available experimental images of the Rayleigh-Taylor flow in supernova experiments and measure delicate features of the interfacial dynamics. A new scaling is identified for calibration of experimental data to enable their accurate analysis and comparisons. By properly accounting for the imprint of the experimental conditions, the data set size and statistics are substantially increased. New theoretical solutions are reported to describe asymptotic dynamics of Rayleigh-Taylor flow with time-dependent acceleration by applying theoretical analysis that considers symmetries and momentum transport. Good qualitative and quantitative agreement is achieved of the experimental data with the theory and simulations. Our study indicates that in supernova experiments Rayleigh-Taylor flow is in the mixing regime, the interface amplitude contributes substantially to the characteristic length scale for energy dissipation; Rayleigh-Taylor mixing keeps order
Non-Taylor magnetohydrodynamic self-organization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhu, Shao-ping; Horiuchi, Ritoku; Sato, Tetsuya.
1994-10-01
A self-organization process in a plasma with a finite pressure is investigated by means of a three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulation. It is demonstrated that a non-Taylor finite β self-organized state is realized in which a perpendicular component of the electric current is generated and the force-free(parallel) current decreases until they reach to almost the same level. The self-organized state is described by an MHD force-balance relation, namely, j perpendicular = B x ∇p/B·B and j parallel = μB where μ is not a constant, and the pressure structure resembles the structure of the toroidal magnetic field intensity. Unless an anomalous perpendicular thermal conduction arises, the plasma cannot relax to a Taylor state but to a non-Taylor (non-force-free) self-organized state. This state becomes more prominent for a weaker resistivity condition. The non-Taylor state has a rather universal property, for example, independence of the initial β value. Another remarkable finding is that the Taylor's conjecture of helicity conservation is, in a strict sense, not valid. The helicity dissipation occurs and its rate slows down critically in accordance with the stepwise relaxation of the magnetic energy. It is confirmed that the driven magnetic reconnection caused by the nonlinearly excited plasma kink flows plays the leading role in all of these key features of the non-Taylor self-organization. (author)
Realismo e redes: dilemas metodológicos na obra de Anthony Giddens
Fábio Rodrigues Ribeiro da Silva
2010-01-01
Esta obra aponta questões de ordem metodológica e epistemológica na teoria da estruturação de Anthony Giddens, problemas reconhecidos e debatidos por vários de seus comentadores. Seguindo pistas encontradas nos próprios textos de Giddens, ela analisa com maior detalhe alguns livros de Mary Hesse e Roy Bhaskar, em busca de elementos que ajudem numa reconstrução metodológica da teoria de Giddens. Finalmente, ela argumenta em favor de uma maior atenção ao modelo de redes de Hesse, como uma ferra...
A spherical Taylor-Couette dynamo
Marcotte, Florence; Gissinger, Christophe
2016-04-01
We present a new scenario for magnetic field amplification in the planetary interiors where an electrically conducting fluid is confined in a differentially rotating, spherical shell (spherical Couette flow) with thin aspect-ratio. When the angular momentum sufficiently decreases outwards, a primary hydrodynamic instability is widely known to develop in the equatorial region, characterized by pairs of counter-rotating, axisymmetric toroidal vortices (Taylor vortices) similar to those observed in cylindrical Couette flow. We characterize the subcritical dynamo bifurcation due to this spherical Taylor-Couette flow and study its evolution as the flow successively breaks into wavy and turbulent Taylor vortices for increasing Reynolds number. We show that the critical magnetic Reynolds number seems to reach a constant value as the Reynolds number is gradually increased. The role of global rotation on the dynamo threshold and the implications for planetary interiors are finally discussed.
Test of Taylor's Hypothesis with Distributed Temperature
Cheng, Y.; Gentine, P.; Sayde, C.; Tanner, E.; Ochsner, T. E.; Dong, J.
2016-12-01
Taylor's hypothesis[Taylor, 1938] assumes that mean wind speed carries the spatial pattern of turbulent motion past a fixed point in a "frozen" way, which has been widely used to relate streamwise wavenumber and angular frequency . Experiments[Fisher, 1964; Tong, 1996] have shown some deviation from Taylor's hypothesis at highly turbulent intensity flows and at high wavenumbers. However, the velocity or scalar measurements have always been fixed at a few spatial points rather than distributed in space. This experiment was designed for the first time to directly compare the time and spatial spectrum of temperature to test Taylor's hypothesis, measuring temperature with high resolution in both time and space by Distributed Temperature Sensing utilizing the attenuation difference of Raman scattering in the optic fiber at the MOISST site Oklahoma. The length of transact is 233 meters along the dominant wind direction. The temperature sampling distance is 0.127m and sampling time frequency is 1 Hz. The heights of the 4 fiber cables parallel to ground are 1m, 1.254m, 1.508m and 1.762m respectively. Also, eddy covariance instrument was set up near the Distributed Temperature Sensing as comparison for temperature data. The temperature spatial spectrum could be obtained with one fixed time point, while the temperature time spectrum could be obtained with one fixed spatial point in the middle of transact. The preliminary results would be presented in the AGU fall meeting. Reference Fisher, M. J., and Davies, P.O.A.L (1964), Correlation measurements in a non-frozen pattern of turbulence, Journal of fluid mechanics, 18(1), 97-116. Taylor, G. I. (1938), The spectrum of turbulence, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 164(919), 476-490. Tong, C. (1996), Taylor's Hypothesis and Two-point Coherence Measurements, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 81(3), 399-410.
Taylorism in a post-modern age?
Freemantle, N
1995-02-01
F.W. Taylor made an early and important contribution to the organisation of work in an industrial society. His ideas, or versions of his ideas, are once again receiving attention. Some commentators even describe a new or neo Taylorism (Pollitt, 1990). This paper argues that the only theoretical justification for the re-introduction of Taylorist strategies in the workplace is found in the notion of the post-modern world; where rationality is replaced by a ritual of signs and work becomes part of that ritual; where form replaces rationale, and strategies for work are governed by processes of survival in the remnants of modernity.
“What” is Frederick Winslow Taylor
Andrej Markovic
2006-01-01
Raising the issue of Taylor and his scientific management after less than a hundred years seems at first glance to be quite anachronistic. Today we are more likely to find Taylor’s works in antique shops than in the libraries of the schools of management. Has the memory of utilitarian and pragmatic managerial knowledge of a century back faded, or are we in a way ashamed of Taylor, the protagononist of management? How does the research into the origin and nature of management affect the effici...
The Fag Lady, revisited: Margaret Thatcher's efforts on behalf of the tobacco industry.
Petticrew, M; Krishnaratne, S
2014-10-01
The death of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher has offered many opportunities to reappraise her career. However it is not widely known that she acted as a consultant for the tobacco industry following her resignation from office. The availability of evidence from tobacco documents archives offers the opportunity to explore her work for Philip Morris, and more generally to assess how industry seeks to influence and use elected and former public officials. Analysis of documents from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu). Memos, letters and other documents were sought which mentioned Margaret Thatcher or other key individuals. Documents (n = 151) were downloaded as PDFs. Of these 51 provided relevant information. Margaret Thatcher advised Philip Morris on issues including advertising bans, lowering of tobacco tariffs in EEC countries, reducing tobacco taxes, and anti-tobacco programs. She had previously been involved in moving two of her ministers from their posts in response to tobacco industry pressure. She advised Philip Morris to exert political pressure through the House of Commons by lobbying MPs against the Conservative government accepting ECOFIN, an European Union (EU) tax harmonisation agreement. Other activities included trips to Prague, Tokyo, Chicago, Geneva and Hong Kong on Philip Morris' behalf, or for meetings with Philip Morris executives. Relationships between politicians and industry remain relevant today, not least because Article 5.3 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control includes the protection of public health policies from tobacco industry interference. The findings are consistent with findings from other studies which show tobacco industry attempts to influence governments, for example to attempt to weaken the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. They particularly point out the value of former senior politicians to industry, specifically their 'insider knowledge' which can be
[About the acting of the brotherhood of St. Anthony in Würzburg].
Dettelbacher, Werner
2003-01-01
The brotherhood of St. Anthony, founded in the old French province of Dauphiné in 1095, was elevated to the rank of a monastic order in 1227, complying with the rules of the Augustinian Canons. In their infirmaries the monks took care of the persons attacked by ergot poisoning. If prayers and ointments were of no avail, in most cases the lower leg was amputated, so that the vital organs were not affected by gangrene. After bad harvests this ergotism became an epidemy, as rye-flour was consumed which had been contaminated by the fungus claviceps purpurea. It was as late as the 17th and 18th centuries that the connection between ergot poisoning and the disease of ignis sacer was correctly recognized. As in the Würzburg area there were mainly cultivated wheat and barley which as selfpollinating cereals were secure against the fungus, it was in 1434 only that an Anthony monastery was founded. But its financial breakdown came as early as in 1527, as the donations of money and groceries had been declining and a provisor had stolen valuables. Henceforward the lepers were accommodated in the three municipal hospitals for the incurables.
Neo-Taylorism in Educational Administration?
Gronn, Peter C.
1982-01-01
Reviews eight recent observational studies of school administrators and criticizes the studies' use of "time and motion" assumptions drawn from Frederick Winslow Taylor's ideas. Outlines an alternate approach based on "thick" description of administrators' work, including their talk, as exemplified in James Boswell's biography…
Dominant Taylor Spectrum and Invariant Subspaces
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Ambrozie, Calin-Grigore; Müller, Vladimír
2009-01-01
Roč. 61, č. 1 (2009), s. 101-111 ISSN 0379-4024 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA201/06/0128 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : Taylor spectrum * Scott-Brown technique * dominant spectrum Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.580, year: 2009
Modelling VLSI circuits using Taylor series
Kocina, Filip; Nečasová, Gabriela; Veigend, Petr; Chaloupka, Jan; Šátek, Václav; Kunovský, Jiří
2017-07-01
The paper introduces the capacitor substitution for CMOS logic gates, i.e. NANDs, NORs and inverters. It reveals the necessity of a very accurate and fast method for solving this problem. Therefore the Modern Taylor Series Method (MTSM) is used which provides an automatic choice of a higher order during the computation and a larger integration step size while keeping desired accuracy.
Dominant Taylor Spectrum and Invariant Subspaces
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Ambrozie, Calin-Grigore; Müller, Vladimír
2009-01-01
Roč. 61, č. 1 (2009), s. 101-111 ISSN 0379-4024 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA201/06/0128 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : Taylor spectrum * Scott -Brown technique * dominant spectrum Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.580, year: 2009
Constructions of legitimacy: the Charles Taylor trial
Glasius, M.; Meijers, T.
2012-01-01
This article examines the discourses of the prosecution and the defence in the case of Charles Taylor before the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It contributes to current debates about the legitimacy and utility of international criminal justice, which have tended to neglect the examination of
Parallels in the Beliefs and Works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung
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Jerry Aldridge
2011-05-01
Full Text Available Margaret Fuller, the 19th-century feminist and Transcendentalist, has been compared with Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau. The life and theories of Carl Jung, the 20th-century psychiatrist, have been compared with the works of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Jean Piaget, and Sabina Spielrein among others. However, no comparisons have been published concerning the beliefs and works of Fuller and Jung. The purpose of this research was to compare and contrast the beliefs and written works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung. Similarities and differences were reported among their ideologies. Similarities in their childhood and adult dreams, literary references, spiritual beliefs, and explorations of gender were described. Differences were reported, which included the focus of their writings and their ideas about who is to blame when things go wrong, and how to deal with the individual daemon in each person was also explored. Special consideration was given to how closely their writings intersect. Specifically, the authors questioned whether Jung was inspired by the ideas and writings of Fuller. To answer this question, five possibilities were identified.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniel Ruff
2009-10-01
Full Text Available This article argues that the relationship between Margaret Thatcher and her governments of the 1980s on the one hand, and the BBC on the other, differed from those of an ‘arm’s length’ regulator which had existed since the creation of the BBC through successive Conservative and Labour governments until 1979, in which ministers would not intervene in BBC policy or programming. Ministers and party members instituted a concerted attempt to intimidate the BBC, most especially its news and current affairs programmes, whenever the latter did not report national politics and international events to the government’s liking. Proposed neo-liberal reforms to the system of funding the Corporation and negotiations for regular increases in the value of the licence fee were similarly opportunities to exert pressure on the BBC and to call into question its public service remit. Finally, royal prerogative and royal patronage were used to manipulate the political colour of the Board of Governors and thus, indirectly, the management of the BBC.
Liebovich, Betty
2014-01-01
Rachel and Margaret McMillan created an open-air nursery in Deptford, London that has influenced early years education for 100 years. Their vision for young children living in poverty and deprivation to have access to fresh air through outdoor learning, nutritious meals, and an enriching environment to explore and develop has been embraced and…
The man in the scarlet cloak. The mysterious death of Peter Anthony Motteux.
Ober, W B
1991-09-01
Peter Anthony Motteux (1663-1718), a Huguenot refugee in London, established a literary reputation by completing Sir Thomas Urquhart's translation of Rabelais' Gargantua and Pantagruel, then Cervantes' Don Quixote. He later became an import-export merchant. On his 55th birthday he donned his scarlet cloak and went out on the town. He picked up a prostitute and after some dalliance returned to her bordello. Shortly thereafter he was found dead, although the evidence is that he was in good health when he arrived. Literary evidence is that he died from assisted erotic asphyxia, a variant of autoerotic asphyxia, cf. the case of Frantisek Koczwara (Am J Forensic Med Pathol 5:145-149, 1984.)
2013-05-21
... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Atomic Safety and Licensing Board [Docket No. 52-033-COL; ASLBP No. 09-880-05-COL-BD01] Before Administrative Judges: Ronald M. Spritzer, Chairman, Dr. Anthony J. Baratta, Dr. Randall J. Charbeneau; In the Matter of Detroit Edison Company (Fermi Nuclear Power Plant...
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Rodolphe Baudin
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Review of:Anthony Cross, In the Lands of the Romanovs. An Annotated Bibliography of First-hand English-language Accounts of the Russian Empire (1613-1917. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2014, 419 p. ISBN 978-1-78374-057-4
Modernidade, identidade e reflexividade em Anthony Giddens e Zygmunt Bauman: notas introdutórias
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Lázaro Fabrício de França Souza
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Sob o prisma do sociólogo britânico Anthony Giddens é a cognoscitividade dos agentes humanos, em sua forma especificamente reflexiva, que está envolvida de maneira mais acentuada e profunda na ordenação recursiva das práticas sociais na modernidade tardia. Solfeja Zygmunt Bauman que muitos são os significados da modernidade. Sua chegada e progresso são aferidos a partir de marcadores distintos, sendo um de seus atributos a relação cambiante entre tempo e espaço. A modernidade tem seu encetar na medida em que espaço e tempo são separados da prática da vida e entre si, podendo, desta feita, serem teorizados como categorias distintas e reciprocamente independentes da estratégia e da ação. O trabalho em riste tem como intento cerne discutir, em termos introdutórios, as noções de modernidade, identidade e reflexividade a partir das perspectivas e cosmovisão dos sociólogos Zygmunt Bauman e Anthony Giddens, proeminentes pensadores em se tratando dos estudos acerca da contemporaneidade e seus desdobramentos, a fim de jogar luz, refletir, sobre questões aqui erigidas e que se fazem pertinentes no bojo da Sociologia e das Ciências Humanas, quais sejam, as relacionadas à concepção da modernidade, a constituição das identidades e a respeito do poder de agência e reflexividade dos sujeitos.
New trends in Taylor series based applications
Kocina, Filip; Šátek, Václav; Veigend, Petr; Nečasová, Gabriela; Valenta, Václav; Kunovský, Jiří
2016-06-01
The paper deals with the solution of large system of linear ODEs when minimal comunication among parallel processors is required. The Modern Taylor Series Method (MTSM) is used. The MTSM allows using a higher order during the computation that means a larger integration step size while keeping desired accuracy. As an example of complex systems we can take the Telegraph Equation Model. Symbolic and numeric solutions are compared when harmonic input signal is used.
A taylor series approach to survival analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brodsky, J.B.; Groer, P.G.
1984-09-01
A method of survival analysis using hazard functions is developed. The method uses the well known mathematical theory for Taylor Series. Hypothesis tests of the adequacy of many statistical models, including proportional hazards and linear and/or quadratic dose responses, are obtained. A partial analysis of leukemia mortality in the Life Span Study cohort is used as an example. Furthermore, a relatively robust estimation procedure for the proportional hazards model is proposed. (author)
Modified Taylor-tests with miniaturized samples
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Bagusat F.
2012-08-01
Full Text Available A reversed Taylor-test with application of a velocity interferometer is in use at EMI, called modified Taylor-test (MTT. The experiment consists of impacting a fixed sample rod and observing the rear side of the sample by a velocity interferometer of the VISAR type. The setup enables to determine high-dynamic material data of the sample by evaluating the measured free surface velocity time curve. Normally, rods with a dimension of 6 mm diameter and 60 mm length have been investigated. Samples with this diameter are not producible from sheets: Sheet steels typically have a maximum diameter of 3 mm. Furthermore, it would be a general advantage to be able to work with small sample sizes when seldom or expensive materials have to be investigated. Therefore, efforts for reducing the sample size for MTTs have been made. In recent tests, Taylor rods of 1.5 mm diameter and a length of 15 mm have been used. VISAR data could be captured from these samples, which are comparable with data from larger-size MTTs. This finding offers new perspectives for high-dynamic testing of materials which only allow the production of small sample diameters.
Centrifugally Driven Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
Scase, Matthew; Hill, Richard
2017-11-01
The instability that develops at the interface between two fluids of differing density due to the rapid rotation of the system may be considered as a limit of high-rotation rate Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Previously the authors have considered the effect of rotation on a gravitationally dominated Rayleigh-Taylor instability and have shown that some growth modes of instability may be suppressed completely by the stabilizing effect of rotation (Phys. Rev. Fluids 2:024801, Sci. Rep. 5:11706). Here we consider the case of very high rotation rates and a negligible gravitational field. The initial condition is of a dense inner cylinder of fluid surrounded by a lighter layer of fluid. As the system is rotated about the generating axis of the cylinder, the dense inner fluid moves away from the axis and the familiar bubbles and spikes of Rayleigh-Taylor instability develop at the interface. The system may be thought of as a ``fluid-fluid centrifuge''. By developing a model based on an Orr-Sommerfeld equation, we consider the effects of viscosity, surface tension and interface diffusion on the growth rate and modes of instability. We show that under particular circumstances some modes may be stabilized. School of Mathematical Sciences.
Fluctuation scaling, Taylor's law, and crime.
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Quentin S Hanley
Full Text Available Fluctuation scaling relationships have been observed in a wide range of processes ranging from internet router traffic to measles cases. Taylor's law is one such scaling relationship and has been widely applied in ecology to understand communities including trees, birds, human populations, and insects. We show that monthly crime reports in the UK show complex fluctuation scaling which can be approximated by Taylor's law relationships corresponding to local policing neighborhoods and larger regional and countrywide scales. Regression models applied to local scale data from Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire found that different categories of crime exhibited different scaling exponents with no significant difference between the two regions. On this scale, violence reports were close to a Poisson distribution (α = 1.057 ± 0.026 while burglary exhibited a greater exponent (α = 1.292 ± 0.029 indicative of temporal clustering. These two regions exhibited significantly different pre-exponential factors for the categories of anti-social behavior and burglary indicating that local variations in crime reports can be assessed using fluctuation scaling methods. At regional and countrywide scales, all categories exhibited scaling behavior indicative of temporal clustering evidenced by Taylor's law exponents from 1.43 ± 0.12 (Drugs to 2.094 ± 0081 (Other Crimes. Investigating crime behavior via fluctuation scaling gives insight beyond that of raw numbers and is unique in reporting on all processes contributing to the observed variance and is either robust to or exhibits signs of many types of data manipulation.
Epigenesis and the rationality of nature in William Harvey and Margaret Cavendish.
Goldberg, Benjamin
2017-06-01
The generation of animals was a difficult phenomenon to explain in the seventeenth century, having long been a problem in natural philosophy, theology, and medicine. In this paper, I explore how generation, understood as epigenesis, was directly related to an idea of rational nature. I examine epigenesis-the idea that the embryo was constructed part-by-part, over time-in the work of two seemingly dissimilar English philosophers: William Harvey, an eclectic Aristotelian, and Margaret Cavendish, a radical materialist. I chart the ways that they understood and explained epigenesis, given their differences in philosophy and ontology. I argue for the importance of ideas of harmony and order in structuring their accounts of generation as a rational process. I link their experiences during the English Civil war to how they see nature as a possible source for the rationality and concord sorely missing in human affairs.
Margaret F. Washburn in The American Journal of Psychology: A Cognitive Precursor?
Boyano, Jose T
2017-01-01
In the early 20th century, Margaret F. Washburn (1871-1939) produced numerous studies on perception, affective value of stimulus, memory, emotions, and consciousness. This experimental work was published in The American Journal of Psychology. The purpose of this article is to analyze the temporal evolution of these kinds of experiments and relate them to Washburn's theoretical production. Contrary to other views, Washburn's experimental evolution follows a logical sequence and has a strong inner coherence. Among other reasons, the lack of a scientific and social framework to the study of the mind has tended to overshadow large areas of Washburn's thought. However, both the work published in AJP and the methods used in experiments provide reasons to consider.Washburn one of the precursors of contemporary cognitive psychology.
Love and Anxiety in the Early Postmodern World of Margaret Atwood’s Dancing Girls
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Jennifer MURRAY
2010-09-01
Full Text Available Cet article se propose d’analyser le recueil de nouvelles Dancing Girls de Margaret Atwood (1977 par le biais de la thématique de l’angoisse ; de la crainte pour soi-même, l’angoisse évolue dans ces nouvelles vers d’autres formes d’angoisse liées à des questions d’éthique et au rapport aux autres. Une lecture minutieuse de plusieurs nouvelles permet de mettre en lumière une logique d’ensemble : l’angoisse qu’explore Atwood est étroitement liée aux relations entre les hommes et femmes à la période des années 60 et 70, où, malgré les promesses de libération sexuelle et féminine, un sentiment latent de vide, ressenti comme l’imminence d’un danger, pouvait être perceptible. Ce ressenti prend forme dans les nouvelles de Dancing Girls à travers des fantasmes de violence ou de victimisation, ainsi que des images associées au gothique et à la figure du double.This article analyses Margaret Atwood’s 1977 short story collection, Dancing Girls, looking at the evolution of forms of anxiety in the different texts, shifting as they do from individual, or self-directed anxiety, to more community-minded, altruistic forms. The article offers a close reading of some of the individual stories, showing how they contribute to an overall logic related (primarily, but not solely to male-female relations in the 1960s and 1970s. In spite of the promises of sexual and self liberation of the period, an underlying sense of emptiness, often experienced as impending danger, is perceptible and takes shape within Atwood’s stories as fantasies of violence or victimization, and appears in figures related to gothic imagery and doubleness.
"Kaj" je Frederick Winslow Taylor = “What” is Frederick Winslow Taylor
Andrej Markovic
2006-01-01
Raising the issue of Taylor and his scientific management after less than a hundred years seems at first glance to be quite anachronistic. Today we are more likely to find Taylor’s works in antique shops than in the libraries of the schools of management. Has the memory of utilitarian and pragmatic managerial knowledge of a century back faded, or are we in a way ashamed of Taylor, the protagononist of management? How does the research into the origin and nature of management affect the effici...
History of Franciscan Friars of St. Anthony and Blessed Jakub Strzemię Province in Poland
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Zdzisław Gogola
2004-12-01
Full Text Available An attempt to show the history of the Franciscan Friars in Poland originated in the 13th century. The development o f the order in Slavonic territories, initiated by a provincial of Germany Jan of Pian del Carpini, was going through different organizational stages and experienced its ups and downs. Franciscan Friars arrived in Poland in 1234. From the start they witnessed and participated in consolidating Christianity in Poland; they were promoters of art and social development. Dialectic between continuity and up-dating their presence in the Polish socio-cultural and ecclesiastical context required constant verification of the way of experiencing their own identity as well as the criteria, owing to which they became a strong impulse in the evangelisation of the young Polish church and in the establishing new church structures in borderland areas. Since that time the borders have been changed many times and so has the organization of the order and the borders of the province. The growing importance o f Franciscan Friars resulted in taking up new pastoral and missionary initiatives. Franciscan Friars established Calvaries in Poland and Lithuania, introduced the tradition of Christmas crčches and penitential services. Last but not least, they evoked the cult of the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Since World Wbi* ÎĎ St. Anthony End the Blessed Jskub Strzemię Province hsts been developing steadily. A growing number of Franciscan Friars testifies to this development. In 1996 the Province had 423 professed monks, including 238 priests, 36 brothers, 28 clerics who have taken solemn vows. In St. Anthony and the Blessed Jakub Strzemię Province Franciscan monasteries are located in 24 places and 17 are abroad. The average age is slightly over 45 years. The Province of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, which is based in Warsaw, has also noted a steady growth and so has a new province that developed from it - St. Maximilian Maria Kolbe Province with the seat in Gda
On the connection of Taylor models and dislocation dynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Raabe, D.
1994-01-01
An approach for the connection of Taylor-type models and dislocation dynamics is suggested. The applied Taylor model takes into account grain interactions, leading to only partial local strain relaxation. For two orientations the predicted active slip systems are hereafter subject to the simulation of three-dimensional dislocation dynamics which, however, takes place on a much smaller strain scale when compared to Taylor modelling. (au) (19 refs.)
Nonlinear saturation of the Rayleigh Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, A.; Mahajan, S.; Kaw, P.; Sen, A.; Benkadda, S.; Verga, A.
1997-01-01
The problem of the nonlinear saturation of the 2 dimensional Rayleigh Taylor instability is re-examined to put various earlier results in a proper perspective. The existence of a variety of final states can be attributed to the differences in the choice of boundary conditions and initial conditions in earlier numerical modeling studies. Our own numerical simulations indicate that the RT instability saturates by the self consistent generation of shear flow even in situations (with periodic boundaries) where, in principle, an infinite amount of gravitational energy can be tapped. Such final states can be achieved for suitable values of the Prandtl number. (author)
Taylor Law in Wind Energy Data
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Rudy Calif
2015-10-01
Full Text Available The Taylor power law (or temporal fluctuation scaling, is a scaling relationship of the form σ ~ (Pλ where !! is the standard deviation and hPi the mean value of a sample of a time series has been observed for power output data sampled at 5 min and 1 s and from five wind farms and a single wind turbine, located at different places. Furthermore, an analogy with the turbulence field is performed, consequently allowing the establishment of a scaling relationship between the turbulent production IP and the mean value (P.
Charles Taylor y la identidad moderna
Cincunegui, Juan Manuel
2010-01-01
El propòsit principal d'aquesta tesi és analitzar críticament l'antropologia filosòfica de Charles Taylor.A la primera part abordem qüestions preliminars: les fonts, els fonaments teòrics i els elements metodològics del seu pensament.A la segona part elaborem la seva teoria de la identitat. Això implica: (1) donar compte de la relació inextricable entre el jo de la persona i la seva orientació moral, i (2) per mitjà d'arguments transcendentals, articular una ontologia que determini els trets ...
ANTHONY WILDEN E A DIALÉTICA DA INFORMAÇÃO
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Larissa Santiago Ormay
2015-11-01
Full Text Available Este trabalho objetiva enfrentar o problema da ambiguidade conceitual da informação ao verificar a pertinência da contribuição teórica do pesquisador britânico Anthony Wilden à ciência da informação, especificamente no tocante ao conceito de informação. Para tanto, procede à análise da obra do referido autor à luz do método dialético, a partir de uma breve revisão de literatura sobre o tema. Como resultante, demonstra-se que a epistemologia dialética é capaz de superar limites impostos ao discurso científico pela tradição analítica, concluindo-se que Wilden abre caminhos à construção de uma teoria da informação capaz de, ao mesmo tempo, atender aos rigores do método científico e se conectar às problemáticas sociais, características de observância fundamental a uma ciência social aplicada, como é a ciência da informação.
Emerging Patterns Of Bangsa Malaysia In Anthony Burgess’ Time For A Tiger
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Farahanna Abd Razak
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Time for a Tiger (1956, a novel by Anthony Burgess, is believed to have been overlooked in the Malaysian literary context. Existing scholarship has maintained that the central themes of Time for a Tiger are colliding cultures, clashes of religion and racial conflicts but, in spite of these themes, this paper attempts to argue that there are in fact emerging patterns of Bangsa Malaysia in Time for a Tiger, which in turn reflect the elements of unity among the rich mixture of multi-ethnic characters. Bangsa Malaysia is not only the first of the nine challenges listed in Vision 2020 as conceptualised by Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (1991, but also marks the first time the Malaysian government is officially putting forward a clear vision in building a nation, launched to create a oneness atmosphere among the ethnic groups, in hopes it will reduce, if not erase, the tension among them. This study reveals that there are indeed emerging patterns of Bangsa Malaysia depicted through a mixture of characters from various ethnicities, namely the Malays, the Chinese and the Indians, through the implementation of government policies, education, a change of mindset and personal judgement, patriotism and the unifying role of the monarchy. Additionally, the patterns do support the earlier stage of the formation of Bangsa Malaysia, namely tolerance.
Modernitet og massemedier - med udgangspunkt i Anthony Giddens´ sociologi
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Henrik Kaare Nielsen
1994-09-01
Full Text Available Et vigtigt bidrag til nyere sociologisk teori kommer fra englænderen Anthony Giddens. Centralt i Giddens´ sociologi er en ændret opfattelse af forholdet mellem aktør og struktur. Dette åbner mulighed for en ny forståelse af forholdet mellem medieinstitutioner og aktører, hvor man undgår totaliserende og funktionalistiske antagelser. Giddens' udkast til en modernitetsteori tildeler endvidere medierne en nøglerolle. Både trykte og elektroniske medier har været centrale for den løsrivelse af social interaktion fra konkret tid og sted, der kendetegner højmoderni- teten. Når stadig flere livsområder underkastes institutionelle, abstrakte styringsmekanismer, hvilket indebærer uoverskuelighed og nye risici, får medierne en stadig vigtigere rolle som tilvejebringere af tillid. I denne artikel præsenterer Henrik Kaare Nielsen vigtige elementer i Giddens´ sociologi og diskuterer dens relevans for medieforskningen.
A cosmological Slavnov-Taylor identity
Collins, Hael; Holman, R.; Vardanyan, Tereza
2014-12-01
We develop a method for treating the consistency relations of inflation that includes the full time-evolution of the state. This approach relies only on the symmetries of the inflationary setting, in particular a residual conformal symmetry in the spatial part of the metric, along with general properties which hold for any quantum field theory. As a result, the consistency relations that emerge, which are essentially the Slavnov-Taylor identities associated with this residual conformal symmetry, apply very generally: they are true of the full Green's functions, hold largely independently of the particular inflationary model, and can be used for arbitrary states. We illustrate these techniques by showing the form assumed by the standard consistency relation between the two and three-point functions for the primordial scalar fluctuations when they are in a Bunch-Davies state. But because we have included the full evolution of the state, this approach works for a general initial state as well and does not need to have assumed that inflation began in the Bunch-Davies state. We explain how the Slavnov-Taylor identity is modified for these more general states.
Chagas disease vector control and Taylor's law.
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Joel E Cohen
2017-11-01
Full Text Available Large spatial and temporal fluctuations in the population density of living organisms have profound consequences for biodiversity conservation, food production, pest control and disease control, especially vector-borne disease control. Chagas disease vector control based on insecticide spraying could benefit from improved concepts and methods to deal with spatial variations in vector population density.We show that Taylor's law (TL of fluctuation scaling describes accurately the mean and variance over space of relative abundance, by habitat, of four insect vectors of Chagas disease (Triatoma infestans, Triatoma guasayana, Triatoma garciabesi and Triatoma sordida in 33,908 searches of people's dwellings and associated habitats in 79 field surveys in four districts in the Argentine Chaco region, before and after insecticide spraying. As TL predicts, the logarithm of the sample variance of bug relative abundance closely approximates a linear function of the logarithm of the sample mean of abundance in different habitats. Slopes of TL indicate spatial aggregation or variation in habitat suitability. Predictions of new mathematical models of the effect of vector control measures on TL agree overall with field data before and after community-wide spraying of insecticide.A spatial Taylor's law identifies key habitats with high average infestation and spatially highly variable infestation, providing a new instrument for the control and elimination of the vectors of a major human disease.
Saffman-Taylor fingers with kinetic undercooling
Gardiner, Bennett P. J.
2015-02-23
© 2015 American Physical Society. The mathematical model of a steadily propagating Saffman-Taylor finger in a Hele-Shaw channel has applications to two-dimensional interacting streamer discharges which are aligned in a periodic array. In the streamer context, the relevant regularization on the interface is not provided by surface tension but instead has been postulated to involve a mechanism equivalent to kinetic undercooling, which acts to penalize high velocities and prevent blow-up of the unregularized solution. Previous asymptotic results for the Hele-Shaw finger problem with kinetic undercooling suggest that for a given value of the kinetic undercooling parameter, there is a discrete set of possible finger shapes, each analytic at the nose and occupying a different fraction of the channel width. In the limit in which the kinetic undercooling parameter vanishes, the fraction for each family approaches 1/2, suggesting that this "selection" of 1/2 by kinetic undercooling is qualitatively similar to the well-known analog with surface tension. We treat the numerical problem of computing these Saffman-Taylor fingers with kinetic undercooling, which turns out to be more subtle than the analog with surface tension, since kinetic undercooling permits finger shapes which are corner-free but not analytic. We provide numerical evidence for the selection mechanism by setting up a problem with both kinetic undercooling and surface tension and numerically taking the limit that the surface tension vanishes.
Ingraffea, Anthony R
2013-01-01
Adam Law, M.D., interviewed Anthony R. Ingraffea, Ph.D., P.E., as part of a series of interviews funded by the Heinz Endowment. Dr. Ingraffea is the Dwight C. Baum Professor of Engineering at Cornell University, and has taught structural mechanics, finite element methods, and fracture mechanics at Cornell for 33 years. He discusses issues related to hydraulic fracturing, including inherent risks, spatial intensity, and the importance of a multi-disciplinary organization in establishing a chain of evidence.
78 FR 12307 - Taylor, G. Tom; Notice of Filing
2013-02-22
... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. ID-5705-001] Taylor, G. Tom; Notice of Filing Take notice that on February 14, 2013, G. Tom Taylor filed an application to hold interlocking positions pursuant to section 305(b) of the Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 825d(b), Part 45 of the...
DSM-5 and ADHD ? an interview with Eric Taylor
Taylor, Eric
2013-01-01
In this podcast we talk to Prof Eric Taylor about the changes to the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in DSM-5 and how these changes will affect clinical practice. The podcast for this interview is available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/sites/2999/download/Taylor.mp3.
The Importance of Research in Developing Countries | Taylor | Zede ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
This paper prepared by Dr. Denis Taylor is an abridged version of the talk given by him upon the request of the Association. Dr. Taylor is Chief UN ESCO Advisor at the University College, Nairobi, Kenya. He is a leading scientist in the electronics field. He was among the British scientists who developed radar during the ...
Animating Nested Taylor Polynomials to Approximate a Function
Mazzone, Eric F.; Piper, Bruce R.
2010-01-01
The way that Taylor polynomials approximate functions can be demonstrated by moving the center point while keeping the degree fixed. These animations are particularly nice when the Taylor polynomials do not intersect and form a nested family. We prove a result that shows when this nesting occurs. The animations can be shown in class or…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cockbain, M.M. [Radiography, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Queen Margaret University Drive, Musselburgh, Edinburgh EH21 6UU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: mcockbain@qmu.ac.uk; Blyth, C.M. [Radiography, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Queen Margaret University Drive, Musselburgh, Edinburgh EH21 6UU (United Kingdom); Bovill, C. [Edinburgh and Teaching and Learning Service, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Morss, K. [Centre for Academic Practice, Queen Margaret University (United Kingdom)
2009-08-15
The perspective of the radiography teaching team at Queen Margaret University (QMU) was that a transmission mode of programme delivery was sub-optimal in helping students to learn and make links between theory and practice. Programme redesign adopted a blended learning approach with both face-to-face and online learning aimed at enhancing the students' control over their own learning. Online tasks within Web Classroom Tools (WebCT) were used as an integral part of careful programme design, which resulted in a programme enabling synthesis of the skills, knowledge and competencies acquired in the academic and clinical environments. With the move towards a more learner-centred, blended educational experience for the students the lecturers' role shifted to that of facilitator with WebCT providing the tutor with a more transparent view of student learning. Lecturers plan learning activities that build upon the skills students have developed through learning in groups, online and in class. The explicit connections that now exist between the academic programme and the opportunities for applying knowledge in practice allow students to engage more deeply in their learning.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cockbain, M.M.; Blyth, C.M.; Bovill, C.; Morss, K.
2009-01-01
The perspective of the radiography teaching team at Queen Margaret University (QMU) was that a transmission mode of programme delivery was sub-optimal in helping students to learn and make links between theory and practice. Programme redesign adopted a blended learning approach with both face-to-face and online learning aimed at enhancing the students' control over their own learning. Online tasks within Web Classroom Tools (WebCT) were used as an integral part of careful programme design, which resulted in a programme enabling synthesis of the skills, knowledge and competencies acquired in the academic and clinical environments. With the move towards a more learner-centred, blended educational experience for the students the lecturers' role shifted to that of facilitator with WebCT providing the tutor with a more transparent view of student learning. Lecturers plan learning activities that build upon the skills students have developed through learning in groups, online and in class. The explicit connections that now exist between the academic programme and the opportunities for applying knowledge in practice allow students to engage more deeply in their learning.
Qual capacidade crítica? Relendo Luc Boltanski à luz de Margaret Archer
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Luiz Augusto Campos
Full Text Available Resumo A chamada “sociologia da capacidade crítica” de Luc Boltanski vem se tornando um dos principais paradigmas teóricos de interpretação das relações sociais. Contrário ao modo como a sociologia crítica à la Bourdieu entende a reflexividade humana, Boltanski propõe tratar os indivíduos como seres reflexivos, plenamente capazes de julgar e criticar o mundo. No entanto, essa “capacidade crítica” funciona em sua sociologia mais como premissa teórica do que como objeto concreto de investigação. Diante disso, este texto argumenta que uma sociologia interessada na capacidade crítica dos sujeitos não pode apenas “supô-la”, deve constituí-la em objeto de estudo sociológico. Para tal, propõe-se reconceituar a capacidade crítica como competência reflexiva, no sentido dado à expressão pela socióloga inglesa Margaret Archer. O recurso às categorias de Archer não apenas ajuda a identificar os limites da sociologia de Boltanski, mas, sobretudo, permite ampliar o seu alcance.
Cannibalism, Fertility, and the Role of Food in Margaret Artwood’s The Edible Woman
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stevan Mijomanović
2016-10-01
Full Text Available Today we live in a world full of various temptations and sensations leading us away from ourselves. We change our Self in order to comply with society and in the process we become the Other. This paper explores how Margaret Atwood perceives the search for one’s identity and the pressure of societal roles that lead to this loss of identity. The main character in the novel The Edible Woman, Marian, goes on a conflicting journey during which she rejects herself, muses about her environment and her role in it, and tries to grasp her essence, which has become elusive. Atwood uses food imagery to portray Marian’s inner battles. In this paper we explore the implications that this food imagery has both on Marian and the contemporary reader. Atwood argues that this book is “protofeminist”, yet from the prism of contemporaneity it can be read as feminist. However, the scope of this novel stretches to other concepts relevant to the present day: obsession with ‘size zero’, following the latest trends, living in the fast lane, etc.; these concepts are depicted through metaphorical extensions such as cannibalism and fertility. Atwood masterfully sets the stage where she explores how these concepts influence an individual to the extent where one uses mimicry to fit the regulations of a capitalistic society, thus becoming almost the same but not quite (Homi Bhabha, 1984, i.e. colonization of the Self leading to an unfulfilled Other.
An Analysis of the Heroine of North and South---Margaret Hale as an Independent Woman
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ping Wang
2017-11-01
Full Text Available Mrs. Gaskell is a very important woman writer in the 19th century in Britain, and she is famous for her social novels, in which she highlights complicated social conflicts. North and South is usually considered as the turning point of Mrs. Gaskell’s literary creation, in which she suggests for the first time that there should be a hope of a reconciliation between the working class and the bourgeoisie. Also, the author vividly depicted an independent woman with a sharp mind and a deliberate manner in the book, that is, Margaret Hale. She seems to be very special when compared with the women around her and very attractive to men for her peculiar thoughts as well as her beautiful looks. This thesis mainly analyzes the attractive heroine of the novel in three aspects: her independent character, her independent action and her independent thoughts. What’s more, the thesis aims to shed light on the characteristics a “New Woman” should be endowed with. The heroine, to some extent, is the author Mrs. Gaskell herself, rejecting inferiority to men and defending the rights to express themselves freely. All in all, this thesis tries to enlighten people on woman’s position in today’s society by deriving some inspirations from the literary work.
2013-10-03
... discuss their ongoing or future management strategies for the Taylor's checkerspot butterfly and streaked... with scientific expertise that included familiarity with the Taylor's checkerspot butterfly and its... to ongoing management for Taylor's checkerspot butterfly habitat. Our Response: We have worked...
Pinch instabilities in Taylor-Couette flow.
Shalybkov, Dima
2006-01-01
The linear stability of the dissipative Taylor-Couette flow with an azimuthal magnetic field is considered. Unlike ideal flows, the magnetic field is a fixed function of a radius with two parameters only: a ratio of inner to outer cylinder radii, eta, and a ratio of the magnetic field values on outer and inner cylinders, muB. The magnetic field with 0rotation. The unstable modes are located into some interval of the axial wave numbers for the flow stable without magnetic field. The interval length is zero for a critical Hartmann number and increases with an increasing Hartmann number. The critical Hartmann numbers and length of the unstable axial wave number intervals are the same for every rotation law. There are the critical Hartmann numbers for m=0 sausage and m=1 kink modes only. The sausage mode is the most unstable mode close to Ha=0 point and the kink mode is the most unstable mode close to the critical Hartmann number. The transition from the sausage instability to the kink instability depends on the Prandtl number Pm and this happens close to one-half of the critical Hartmann number for Pm=1 and close to the critical Hartmann number for Pm=10(-5). The critical Hartmann numbers are smaller for kink modes. The flow stability does not depend on magnetic Prandtl numbers for m=0 mode. The same is true for critical Hartmann numbers for both m=0 and m=1 modes. The typical value of the magnetic field destabilizing the liquid metal Taylor-Couette flow is approximately 10(2) G.
"Kaj" je Frederick Winslow Taylor = “What” is Frederick Winslow Taylor
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Andrej Markovic
2006-06-01
Full Text Available Raising the issue of Taylor and his scientific management after less than a hundred years seems at first glance to be quite anachronistic. Today we are more likely to find Taylor’s works in antique shops than in the libraries of the schools of management. Has the memory of utilitarian and pragmatic managerial knowledge of a century back faded, or are we in a way ashamed of Taylor, the protagononist of management? How does the research into the origin and nature of management affect the efficiency of a particular manager, which seems to be the objective of management education? What is the difference between Taylor's management and contemporary management? Is it merely less scientific in approach? And where is modern management developing, if no longer in the field of exact science? And where do key notions of contemporary management, like ‘mission’ and ‘vision’ belong? Has management since its beginings proved to be only knowledge for managing organizations, or does it go beyond that? In a brief analysis of Taylor’s scientific management the author of the article tries to answer the above mentioned questions. Some of the questions are, however, only touched upon, awaiting an answer in the future.
Educar na autenticidade em Charles Taylor = Educating in the authenticity in Charles Taylor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Foschiera, Rogério
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Analiso a perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade através de uma hermenêutica de suas principais obras para propor o significado de educar na autencticidade a partir de Charles Taylor. Com autencidade e ontologia moral Taylor apresenta uma antropologia ancorada na moral e na ontologia. Com autencidade e epistemologia se percebe que a perspectiva da autencidade não exclui o paradigma científico, mas necessita de outros paradigmas, principalmente do hermenêutico. Com autencidade e linguagem evidencio a compreensão de Taylor sobre a natureza da linguagem e o destaque que ele dá á definição de ser humano como "animal portador de logos", bem como o significado e as decorrências da perspectiva expressivista. Duas políticas: a da igualdade de direitos de todos e a do reconhecimento das diferenças estão integradas na perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade. Necessariamente, o ser humano, para ser autêntico, estará em constante referência a horizontes de sentido que transcendem o indivíduo, é o que apresento com autencidade e transcendência
Effects of shock waves on Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang Yongtao; Shu Chiwang; Zhou Ye
2006-01-01
A numerical simulation of two-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations using a high-order weighted essentially nonoscillatory finite difference shock capturing scheme is carried out in this paper, to study the effect of shock waves on the development of Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Shocks with different Mach numbers are introduced ahead or behind the Rayleigh-Taylor interface, and their effect on the transition to instability is demonstrated and compared. It is observed that shock waves can speed up the transition to instability for the Rayleigh-Taylor interface significantly. Stronger shocks are more effective in this speed-up process
Kinetic simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sagert, Irina; Bauer, Wolfgang; Colbry, Dirk; Howell, Jim; Staber, Alec; Strother, Terrance
2014-01-01
We report on an ongoing project to develop a large scale Direct Simulation Monte Carlo code. The code is primarily aimed towards applications in astrophysics such as simulations of core-collapse supernovae. It has been tested on shock wave phenomena in the continuum limit and for matter out of equilibrium. In the current work we focus on the study of fluid instabilities. Like shock waves these are routinely used as test-cases for hydrodynamic codes and are discussed to play an important role in the explosion mechanism of core-collapse supernovae. As a first test we study the evolution of a single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor instability at the interface of a light and a heavy fluid in the presence of a gravitational acceleration. To suppress small-wavelength instabilities caused by the irregularity in the separation layer we use a large particle mean free path. The latter leads to the development of a diffusion layer as particles propagate from one fluid into the other. For small amplitudes, when the instability is in the linear regime, we compare its position and shape to the analytic prediction. Despite the broadening of the fluid interface we see a good agreement with the analytic solution. At later times we observe the development of a mushroom like shape caused by secondary Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities as seen in hydrodynamic simulations and consistent with experimental observations.
Manipulating Rayleigh-Taylor Growth Using Adjoints
Kord, Ali; Capecelatro, Jesse
2017-11-01
It has been observed that initial interfacial perturbations affect the growth of Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instabilities. However, it remains to be seen to what extent the perturbations alter the RT growth rate. Direct numerical simulations (DNS) provide a powerful means for studying the effects of initial conditions (IC) on the growth rate. However, a brute-force approach for identifying optimal initial perturbations is not practical via DNS. In addition, identifying sensitivity of the RT growth to the large number of parameters used in defining the IC is computationally expensive. A discrete adjoint is formulated to measure sensitivities of multi-mode RT growth to ICs in a high-order finite difference framework. The sensitivity is used as a search direction for adjusting the initial perturbations to both maximize and suppress the RT growth rate during its non-linear regime. The modes that contribute the greatest sensitivity are identified, and optimized perturbation energy spectrum are reported. PhD Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Slavnov-Taylor identities for primordial perturbations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berezhiani, Lasha; Khoury, Justin
2014-01-01
Correlation functions of adiabatic modes in cosmology are constrained by an infinite number of consistency relations, which relate N + 1-point correlation functions with a soft-momentum scalar or tensor mode to a symmetry transformation on N-point correlation functions of hard-momentum modes. They constrain, at each order n, the q n behavior of the soft limits. In this paper we show that all consistency relations derive from a single, master identity, which follows from the Slavnov-Taylor identity for spatial diffeomorphisms. This master identity is valid at any value of q and therefore goes beyond the soft limit. By differentiating it n times with respect to the soft momentum, we recover the consistency relations at each q order. Our approach underscores the role of spatial diffeomorphism invariance at the root of cosmological consistency relations. It also offers new insights on the necessary conditions for their validity: a physical contribution to the vertex functional must satisfy certain analyticity properties in the soft limit in order for the consistency relations to hold. For standard inflationary models, this is equivalent to requiring that mode functions have constant growing-mode solutions. For more exotic models in which modes do not ''freeze'' in the usual sense, the analyticity requirement offers an unambiguous criterion
Blood's critical Taylor number and its flow behavior at supercritical Taylor numbers.
McMillan, D E; Strigberger, J; Utterback, N G
1987-01-01
When the inner cylinder of a fluid-filled Couette viscometer is rotated rapidly, a vortical flow pattern develops when a dimensionless value referred to as the critical Taylor number (Tc) is reached. We have determined its magnitude in our viscometer for three Newtonian fluids and for blood at 37 degrees C, using the inflection point of torque/RPM vs. RPM (sudden rise in apparent viscosity). Its position was identified by least squares line fitting. Because blood was studied, the viscosity used in Tc calculation was the apparent bob shear stress/shear rate ratio at the inflection marking vortical flow onset. For glycerol-water mixtures Tc was 41.8 +/- 0.3 (N = 11), for propylene glycol 42.0 +/- 0.2 (N = 14), for silicone oil 41.8 +/- 0.2 (N = 11). For healthy blood Tc was 40.7 +/- 0.9 (N = 140). This evidence against blood's increased resistance to flow instability was accompanied by a slower rate of rise in torque both above and below Tc compared to the three Newtonian fluids. Newtonian fluids and blood both developed wavy vortical flow at a rotation rate moderately higher than Tc. Blood resisted this unstable flow behavior more than the Newtonian fluids but it also experienced a slower rate of rise in torque with increasing rotation rate above the critical Taylor number. Shear-thinning is the simplest explanation for blood's mildly altered Taylor vortex behavior; blood's resistance to flow instability is otherwise not found to be sufficient to affect its flow stability in man.
Walters, Lisa
2010-01-01
This article explores Margaret Cavendish's depictions of alchemy, witchcraft and fairy lore in her scientific treatise Philosophical Letters and in fictional texts from Natures Pictures and Poems and Fancies. Though Cavendish was a dedicated materialist, she appropriates theories of magic from early modern science and folklore into her materialist epistemology. As Cavendish draws upon a fusion of early modern conceptions of magic, she creates a radical theory of matter which not only challenges patriarchy and binary oppositions, but also explores the plurality and mystery that can exist within an infinitely complex material world.
後期中英語の宗教表現 : Margaret Pastonの書簡を通して
川上, 雅弘; カワカミ, マサヒロ; Masahiro, KAWAKAMI
2000-01-01
"The aim of this paper is to describe some religious expressions in Late Middle English on the basis of our own data from Margaret Paston's letters and papers. Despite extensive and complete texts of Paston Letters edited by Gairdner and Davis, a Paston glossary still has not appeared in print. Classifying the data according to the optative and the non- optative types, we suggest that the optative type should take up the position primarily towards the end of the letter and that it should be e...
Women’s Oppressed and Disfigured Life in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale
Bahman Zarrinjooee; Shirin Kalantarian
2017-01-01
The present study attempts to analyze Margaret Atwood’s (1939- ) The Handmaid’s Tale (1985) based on theories of feminist thinker, Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) and applies her theories presented in The Second Sex (1949) that leads to better apprehension of sex and gender. Beauvoir’s ideology focuses mainly on the cultural mechanisms of oppression which cause to confine women under the title of Other to man’s self. In her view woman cannot be a simple biological category, and she asserts tha...
Margaret Mead, Bali e o Atlas do comportamento infantil: apontamentos sobre um estudo fotográfico
Mendonça, João Martinho de
2010-01-01
Este artigo analisa a maneira como Margaret Mead concebeu e utilizou as imagens tomadas por Gregory Bateson em Bali (1936-1939) para desenvolver um estudo, quase dez anos depois, sobre o comportamento infantil balinês. Notam-se as limitações tanto da metodologia adotada por Mead quanto do bias político-ideológico que perpassou esse trabalho realizado durante a Guerra Fria. Tento discutir estas limitações tanto quanto sintetizar possibilidades de abordagem das imagens. Pranchas fotográficas fo...
Parageau, Sandrine
2015-01-01
As Francis Bacon’s texts show, the use of analogy in the sciences was already both contested and recognized as potentially useful in the XVIIth century. Whereas for some it meant letting « the madwoman in the attic », where reason alone should reign, others considered analogy as an essential tool which could reveal the less known by likening it to the better known. Yet, the pervasive eclecticism of early modern England often tried to reconcile both approaches. This is the case with Margaret C...
A design of inverse Taylor projectiles using material simulation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tonks, Michael; Harstad, Eric; Maudlin, Paul; Trujillo, Carl
2008-01-01
The classic Taylor cylinder test, in which a right circular cylinder is projected at a rigid anvil, exploits the inertia of the projectile to access strain rates that are difficult to achieve with more traditional uniaxial testing methods. In this work we present our efforts to design inverse Taylor projectiles, in which a tapered projectile becomes a right circular cylinder after impact, from annealed copper and show that the self-correcting geometry leads to a uniform compressive strain in the radial direction. We design projectiles using finite element simulation and optimization that deform as desired in tests with minor deviations in the deformed geometry due to manufacturing error and uncertainty in the initial velocity. The inverse Taylor projectiles designed in this manner provide a simple means of validating constitutive models. This work is a step towards developing a general method of designing Taylor projectiles that provide stress–strain behavior relevant to particular engineering problems
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the spherical pinch
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen, H.B.; Hilko, B.; Panarella, E.
1994-01-01
The spherical pinch (SP) concept is an outgrowth of the inertial confinement model (ICF). Unlike the ICF where instabilities, especially the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, have been studied extensively, the instability study of the spherical pinch has just begun. The Raleigh-Taylor instability is investigated for the first time in the SP in the present work. By using the simple condition for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability ∇p · ∇p < O (density and pressure gradients have opposite direction), we have qualitatively identified the regions for development of instabilities in the SP. It is found that the explosion phase (central discharge) is stable and instabilities take place in the imploding phase. However, the growth rate for the instability is not in exponential form, and the appearance of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability does not prevent the main shock wave from converging to the center of the sphere
Surface Velocities of Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, Version 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains surface velocities of Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, for the year 2003. Measurement period was approximately 12 months. There are approximately...
Ablation Rates of Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, Version 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set provides glacier surface ablation rates for a network of approximately 250 sites on Taylor Glacier, spanning a period from 2003 to 2011. Here...
Techniques for optimizing nanotips derived from frozen taylor cones
Hirsch, Gregory
2017-12-05
Optimization techniques are disclosed for producing sharp and stable tips/nanotips relying on liquid Taylor cones created from electrically conductive materials with high melting points. A wire substrate of such a material with a preform end in the shape of a regular or concave cone, is first melted with a focused laser beam. Under the influence of a high positive potential, a Taylor cone in a liquid/molten state is formed at that end. The cone is then quenched upon cessation of the laser power, thus freezing the Taylor cone. The tip of the frozen Taylor cone is reheated by the laser to allow its precise localized melting and shaping. Tips thus obtained yield desirable end-forms suitable as electron field emission sources for a variety of applications. In-situ regeneration of the tip is readily accomplished. These tips can also be employed as regenerable bright ion sources using field ionization/desorption of introduced chemical species.
An algorithm for symplectic implicit Taylor-map tracking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yan, Y.; Channell, P.; Syphers, M.
1992-10-01
An algorithm has been developed for converting an ''order-by-order symplectic'' Taylor map that is truncated to an arbitrary order (thus not exactly symplectic) into a Courant-Snyder matrix and a symplectic implicit Taylor map for symplectic tracking. This algorithm is implemented using differential algebras, and it is numerically stable and fast. Thus, lifetime charged-particle tracking for large hadron colliders, such as the Superconducting Super Collider, is now made possible
Taylor rules with headline inflation: a bad idea
Rajeev Dhawan; Karsten Jeske
2007-01-01
Should a central bank accommodate energy price shocks? Should the central bank use core inflation or headline inflation with the volatile energy component in its Taylor rule? To answer these questions, we build a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with energy use, durable goods, and nominal rigidities to study the effects of an energy price shock and its impact on the macroeconomy when the central bank follows a Taylor rule. We then study how the economy performs under alternative p...
On truncated Taylor series and the position of their spurious zeros
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christiansen, Søren; Madsen, Per A.
2006-01-01
A truncated Taylor series, or a Taylor polynomial, which may appear when treating the motion of gravity water waves, is obtained by truncating an infinite Taylor series for a complex, analytical function. For such a polynomial the position of the complex zeros is considered in case the Taylor...
The New Taylorism: Hacking at the Philosophy of the University's End
Goodman, Robin Truth
2012-01-01
This article looks at the critical writings of Mark C. Taylor. It suggests that Mark C. Taylor is rewriting a global imaginary devoid of the kind of citizenship that Henry Giroux claims as the basis for public education. Instead, Taylor wants to see the university take shape as profit-generating. According to Taylor, in lieu of learning to take…
Modern science in Portugal: the ‘class of the sphere’ in the college of Saint Anthony
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Natália Cristina de Oliveira
2017-05-01
Full Text Available With the arrival of the Society of Jesus to Portugal in 1540, Jesuit schools were created by the Crown. The College of St. Anthony, in Lisbon, was the first Jesuit educational institution, created in 1553. We propose a discussion of the main objectives, characteristics and difficulties of the Jesuit religious order in the Portuguese territory, as well as a presentation of one of the most important classes of this College: the ‘Class of the Sphere’. The priests considered fundamental to teach issues related to mathematics and astronomy, because, through these disciplines, they addressed the theory and practice of items and concepts, such as the telescope, logarithms, equations, geometry and others. The curriculum of this college included, in addition to science and mathematics, subjects such as: Latin, Grammar, Humanities, Rhetoric, and Introduction to Moral Theology, Dogmatic Theology and Philosophy, considered only to teaching in the Portuguese context. Studying the College of St. Anthony helps us to understand how these innovations were considered in teaching, in the Jesuit case, in the temporal context of Portugal in the 16th century. We understand that the College, mainly by innovations, was essential to the development of science.
Scientists Look at 2010: Carrying on Margaret Mayall's Legacy of Debunking Pseudoscience
Larsen, Krinstine
2010-06-01
In 1941 Margaret Mayall, the future director of the AAVSO, and Harvard colleague Bart Bok authored a critical study of astrology and its impact on society entitled "Scientists Look at Astrology." They chastised the scientific community for thinking the debunking of astrology to be "below the dignity of scientists." In contrast, they opined that it is one of the duties of scientists to "inform the public about the nature and background of a current fad, such as astrology, even though to do so may be unpleasant." Fast-forward 68 years in the future, and the astronomical community now faces a pseudoscientific enemy just as insidious as astrology, yet just as ignored by the general professional and amateur community as astrology had been when Mayall and Bok took up the charge in 1941. The pseudoscience in question is the well-publicized "prediction" that the Mayan calendar will end on December 21, 2012, causing the end of civilization in concert with one of a number of possible astronomical calamities, including (but not limited to) the gravitational pull of the center of the Milky Way (somehow enhanced by an "alignment" with our solar system), the near-approach by a mythical 10th planet (often named Nibiru), large-scale damage to the planet by solar flares larger than those ever recorded, or the shifting of the earth's axis of rotation (often confused with a proposed sudden and catastrophic reversal of the earth's magnetic polarity). As a scientific and educational organization, the AAVSO and its members have a responsibility to follow in Mayall's footsteps, shining the light of reason and knowledge on the dark corners of ignorance which far too often permeate the Internet, radio and television programming, and recent films, most notably 2012. This talk will highlight some of the basic premises of the 2012 hysteria and suggest ways that the AAVSO and its members can use variable stars and the history of the AAVSO to counteract some of the astronomical misinformation
Margaret Mead, Bali e o Atlas do comportamento infantil: apontamentos sobre um estudo fotográfico
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
João Martinho de Mendonça
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a maneira como Margaret Mead concebeu e utilizou as imagens tomadas por Gregory Bateson em Bali (1936-1939 para desenvolver um estudo, quase dez anos depois, sobre o comportamento infantil balinês. Notam-se as limitações tanto da metodologia adotada por Mead quanto do bias político-ideológico que perpassou esse trabalho realizado durante a Guerra Fria. Tento discutir estas limitações tanto quanto sintetizar possibilidades de abordagem das imagens. Pranchas fotográficas foram selecionadas e reproduzidas para mostrar as diferentes perspectivas de abordagem das fotografias, nos trabalhos balineses e no Atlas do comportamento infantil, produzido pelo doutor Arnold Gesell.This article analyses the manner how Margaret Mead conceived and utilized the pictures taken by Gregory Bateson in Bali (1936-1939 to develop her study, almost ten years later, about the balinese children behavior. There are some limitations in this balinese photographic study caused by methodology adopted, and by the political ideological bias that crossed her research realized during the "cold war" period as well. I try to discuss these limitations and to synthesize the approach's possibilities of the images. Photographic plates are selected and reproduced here to show different perspectives of their use, in Mead's balinese works and in the Atlas of infant behavior produced by the doctor Arnold Gesell.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Laymert Garcia dos Santos
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Partindo de uma análise de Gramsci das transformações pelas quais passava o trabalhador humano no capitalismo do início do século XX, busca-se neste texto indicar aspectos de como tais processos de transformação vêm se dando no capitalismo do início do século XXI. Para isso, abordamos a transição da problemática muscular e energética da substituição do trabalhador humano pela máquina para a problemática cognitiva e informacional do controle nos acoplamentos homem-máquina. Do gorila amestrado de Taylor ao macaco de Nicolelis, mudaram as formas de subsunção do trabalhador ao capital, mas não a própria subsunção.With Gramsci's analysis of the transformations the human worker underwent in capitalism in the early 20th century as a starting point, this article seeks to point to aspects of how such transformation processes are taking place in capitalism in the early 21st century. To achieve this, we approach the transition from muscular and energetic problem of substituting human for machine labor to the cognitive and informational issue of control in the man-machine couplings. From Taylor's tamed gorilla to Nicolelis' monkey, the forms of subsumption of the worker to capital changed, but not the actual subsumption.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Russell, Sabin; Torn, Margaret
2011-07-06
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory soil scientist Margaret Torn appears July 6, 2011 on "Sit Down with Sabin," a weekly conversation in which former reporter Sabin Russell chats with Berkeley Lab staff about innovative science. Torn discusses how she travels the world to learn more about soil's huge role in the global carbon cycle. Brought to you by Berkeley Lab Public Affairs.
van Rij, Vivien
2016-01-01
Between 1961 and 1984 the renowned New Zealand writer, Margaret Mahy, wrote over seventy-five pieces for the "School Journal" (a graded reading book provided free to New Zealand primary schools since its inception in 1907). It was a liberal humanist period in New Zealand education during which the 1940s' and 1950s' rolling reforms…
Premio Nacional de Epilepsia “Margaret Merz de Fandiño”.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gustavo Malagón Londoño
2009-07-01
Full Text Available
Este premio, creado con el objetivo de reconocer a los investigadores colombianos comprometidos en el estudio de lo relacionado con las ciencias epileptológicas, es también una manera de estimular al talento humano estudioso y dedicado a aportar su óptimo esfuerzo intelectual para alivio de un padecimiento que afecta directamente a una numerosa población de compatriotas y con ellos impacta a ocho millones de colombianos si contamos la influencia que sobre las familias ejerce esta patología, identificada en 800 mil personas.
El Premio, aprobado hace dos años en la Asamblea de socios activos de la Liga Colombiana contra la Epilepsia, es una vez más fruto del esfuerzo y tenacidad del Académico Jaime Fandiño Franky, eminente científico de las neurociencias y apóstol de una de las causas que inciden en la situación de los más necesitados en Colombia.
La labor iniciada por Fandiño Franky hace ya cuatro décadas en la ciudad de Cartagena, con el ánimo de diagnosticar, investigar, tratar, hacer seguimiento y rehabilitación de las víctimas y su entorno familiar, ha llevado a la más ambiciosa realización científica, docente y asistencial, con el montaje primero de una infraestructura física plasmada en un centro de 13.000 metros cuadrados para enfrentar este problema de salud pública, bastante relegado tradicionalmente, pero merecedor por sus proporciones, de una consideración y manejo especiales, que de no prodigarlos el estamento oficial, lo afronta una organización altruista y generosa con Fandiño Franky y Margaret Merz, su esposa, a la cabeza.
Con el tiempo su organización fue creciendo no sólo física sino cualitativamente con el empleo de las más modernas tecnologías para diagnóstico y tratamiento hasta convertirse en un centro piloto orgullo de Colombia y pionero en Latinoamérica del manejo integral, iniciado con la identificación del paciente y culminado con la rehabilitaci
Entre a epistemologia e a ontologia: a teoria da estruturação de Anthony Giddens
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fábio Rodrigues Ribeiro da Silva
2014-12-01
Full Text Available O artigo ilustra algumas peculiaridades metodológicas do projeto teórico de Anthony Giddens, a teoria da estruturação. O diagnóstico é que ela tem menos influência na teoria social atual do que poderia ter. A causa desse problema é identificada na transição ontológica que Giddens realiza no fim dos anos de 1970, que, de modo não intencional, acaba enfraquecendo o arcabouço teórico-metodológico de seu projeto. A fim de ajudar a sanar o problema, sugere-se uma reconstrução metodológica com base no modelo de filosofia da ciência de Mary Hesse.
Low, Martyn E Y; Tan, Siong Kiat
2014-02-11
Anthony Curtiss described two species of cephalopod and nine species of gastropod molluscs from Tahiti. Herein, we discuss and determine the identities of these eleven names. Ten of these names are considered to be junior subjective synonyms of well-known taxa, and one an unavailable name.
Photonic arbitrary waveform generator based on Taylor synthesis method
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liao, Shasha; Ding, Yunhong; Dong, Jianji
2016-01-01
Arbitrary waveform generation has been widely used in optical communication, radar system and many other applications. We propose and experimentally demonstrate a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) on chip optical arbitrary waveform generator, which is based on Taylor synthesis method. In our scheme......, a Gaussian pulse is launched to some cascaded microrings to obtain first-, second- and third-order differentiations. By controlling amplitude and phase of the initial pulse and successive differentiations, we can realize an arbitrary waveform generator according to Taylor expansion. We obtain several typical...... waveforms such as square waveform, triangular waveform, flat-top waveform, sawtooth waveform, Gaussian waveform and so on. Unlike other schemes based on Fourier synthesis or frequency-to-time mapping, our scheme is based on Taylor synthesis method. Our scheme does not require any spectral disperser or large...
Rayleigh-Taylor instability of cylindrical jets with radial motion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, Xiang M. [GE Nuclear, Wilmington, NC (United States); Schrock, V.E.; Peterson, P.F. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1995-09-01
Rayleigh-Taylor instability of an interface between fluids with different densities subjected to accelleration normal to itself has interested researchers for almost a century. The classic analyses of a flat interface by Rayleigh and Taylor have shown that this type of instability depends on the direction of acceleration and the density differences of the two fluids. Plesset later analyzed the stability of a spherically symmetric flows (and a spherical interface) and concluded that the instability also depends on the velocity of the interface as well as the direction and magnitude of radial acceleration. The instability induced by radial motion in cylindrical systems seems to have been neglected by previous researchers. This paper analyzes the Rayleigh-Taylor type of the spherical case, the radial velocity also plays an important role. As an application, the example of a liquid jet surface in an Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) reactor design is analyzed.
Laminar-turbulent transition in Taylor-Dean flow
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aider, A Ait [Departement de Mecanique, Universite de Tizi Ouzou, B.P. 17 R.P. 15000, Algerie (Algeria); Skali, S [LEMTA, INPL, 2 Avenue de la Foret de Haye, 54504 Vandoeuvre Cedex (France); Brancher, J P [LEMTA, INPL, 2 Avenue de la Foret de Haye, 54504 Vandoeuvre Cedex (France)
2005-01-01
An experimental study is reported of flows produced in a moderate Taylor-Couette system, {gamma} {approx} 15, closed or azimuthally opened. In the last case, the flow is bounded by {theta} = 0 and (2{pi} - {theta}{sub 1}) where {theta}{sub 1} = 30 deg. represents the region cut-off by a diaphragm. The basic flow is a combination of a flow caused by the rotation of the inner cylinder and a flow provided azimuthally in the gap by external pumping. Our observations of the laminar-turbulent transition for a wide range of {tau}, the ratio of pumping and rotation flow rates, reveals competition between the Taylor-Dean flow due to rotation and the Dean flow due to pumping leading to new flow regimes which have not counterpart in the closed Taylor-Couette flow.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Victor Paulo Gomes da Silva
2011-08-01
Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa e explica a perspectiva de Frederick Winslow Taylor sobre o salário, tal como enunciada em suas duas grandes obras: Shop management (1903 e Principles of scientific management (1911. A primeira parte consubstancia-se na apresentação de aspectos econômicos relevantes que caracterizaram o tempo em que ele viveu e o quanto influenciaram suas obras. Na segunda parte, é efetuada uma análise da forma como o salário é apresentado nas duas obras de F. W. Taylor. O artigo termina com um comentário sobre as obras supracitadas no que se refere à perspectiva taylorista do salário.This paper analyses and explains Frederick Winslow Taylor's perspective on wages, as it is presented in his main literary works: Shop management (1903 and Principles of scientific management (1911. The first part presents the main economic aspects that characterized his lifetime, which undoubtedly influenced his literary works. The second part analyses F. W. Taylor's two main books in which the author's perspective about wages is discussed. The paper concludes with a critical view of F. W. Taylor's view on wages.
Numerical simulation of Rayleigh-Taylor turbulent mixing layers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Poujade, O.; Lardjane, N.; Peybernes, M.; Boulet, M.
2009-01-01
Accelerations in actual Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities are often variable. This article focuses on a particular class of variable accelerations where g(t) ∝ t n . A reference database is built from high resolution hydrodynamic numerical simulations. The successful comparison with a simple OD analytical model and the statistical 2SFK (2-Structure, 2-Fluid, 2-Turbulence) turbulence model is provided. Moreover, we show the difference between the mechanism at play in the Rayleigh-Taylor turbulent mixing zone and Kolmogorov's in the self similar developed turbulent regime. (authors)
Student understanding of Taylor series expansions in statistical mechanics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trevor I. Smith
2013-08-01
Full Text Available One goal of physics instruction is to have students learn to make physical meaning of specific mathematical expressions, concepts, and procedures in different physical settings. As part of research investigating student learning in statistical physics, we are developing curriculum materials that guide students through a derivation of the Boltzmann factor using a Taylor series expansion of entropy. Using results from written surveys, classroom observations, and both individual think-aloud and teaching interviews, we present evidence that many students can recognize and interpret series expansions, but they often lack fluency in creating and using a Taylor series appropriately, despite previous exposures in both calculus and physics courses.
Student understanding of Taylor series expansions in statistical mechanics
Smith, Trevor I.; Thompson, John R.; Mountcastle, Donald B.
2013-12-01
One goal of physics instruction is to have students learn to make physical meaning of specific mathematical expressions, concepts, and procedures in different physical settings. As part of research investigating student learning in statistical physics, we are developing curriculum materials that guide students through a derivation of the Boltzmann factor using a Taylor series expansion of entropy. Using results from written surveys, classroom observations, and both individual think-aloud and teaching interviews, we present evidence that many students can recognize and interpret series expansions, but they often lack fluency in creating and using a Taylor series appropriately, despite previous exposures in both calculus and physics courses.
Application of the Asymptotic Taylor Expansion Method to Bistable Potentials
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Okan Ozer
2013-01-01
Full Text Available A recent method called asymptotic Taylor expansion (ATEM is applied to determine the analytical expression for eigenfunctions and numerical results for eigenvalues of the Schrödinger equation for the bistable potentials. Optimal truncation of the Taylor series gives a best possible analytical expression for eigenfunctions and numerical results for eigenvalues. It is shown that the results are obtained by a simple algorithm constructed for a computer system using symbolic or numerical calculation. It is observed that ATEM produces excellent results consistent with the existing literature.
Solving wave equation using finite differences and Taylor series
Nečasová, Gabriela; Kocina, Filip; Veigend, Petr; Chaloupka, Jan; Šátek, Václav; Kunovský, Jiří
2017-07-01
The paper deals with the numerical solution of partial differential equations (PDEs), especially wave equation. Two methods are used to obtain numerical solution of the wave equation. The Finite Difference Method (FDM) is used for transformation of wave equation to the system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs), different types of difference formulas are used. The influence of arithmetic to higher order difference formulas is also presented. The Modern Taylor Series Method (MTSM) allows to solve ODEs numerically with extremely high precision. An important feature of this method is an automatic integration order setting, i.e. using as many Taylor series terms as the defined accuracy requires.
Investigation of the Taylor vortices in electrovortex flow
Vinogradov, D. A.; Ivochkin, Yu P.; Teplyakov, I. O.
2017-10-01
The structure of the electrovortex flow appearing when the electric current passing through the liquid metal interacts with own and external magnetic fields was investigated numerically. It was shown that axial external magnetic field leads to the rotation of the liquid and generates secondary flow similar to Taylor vortex. Calculations were carried out for various ratios of electrode sizes.
Evidence for mate guarding behavior in the Taylor's checkerspot butterfly
Victoria J. Bennett; Winston P. Smith; Matthew G. Betts
2011-01-01
Discerning the intricacies of mating systems in butterflies can be difficult, particularly when multiple mating strategies are employed and are cryptic and not exclusive. We observed the behavior and habitat use of 113 male Taylor's checkerspot butterflies (Euphydryas editha taylori). We confirmed that two distinct mating strategies were...
How many meanings does a word have? | Taylor | Stellenbosch ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
How many meanings does a word have? JR Taylor. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.5774/25-0-79 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...
Frank Bursley Taylor - Forgotten Pioneer of Continental Drift.
Black, George W., Jr.
1979-01-01
Frank B. Taylor was an American geologist who specialized in the glacial geology of the Great Lakes. This article discusses his work on the Continental Drift theory, which preceeded the work of Alfred Wegener by a year and a half. (MA)
The Rayleigh–Taylor Instability Among the Stars
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
formed stars in the Orion region. The dark features could be a product of the. Rayleigh–Taylor instability. (Image courtesy: NASA. Hubble space telescope). (b) The remnant of the supernova which was seen by the astronomer Tycho. Brahe in 1572. Some of the features seen in the gas are attributed to the Rayleigh–.
Coherent Structures in Taylor-Couette Flow : Experimental Investigation
Tokgöz, S.
2014-01-01
Taylor-Couette flow is defined as the flow confined between two coaxial cylinders which can rotate independently. Several different flow states can be observed in the gap between the cylinders by changing the rotation speeds and the rotating directions of the cylinders. The aim of this thesis is to
Rayleigh-Taylor convective overturn in stellar collapse
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruenn, S.W.; Buchler, J.R.; Livio, M.
1979-01-01
Rayleigh--Taylor convective overturn in collapsing stellar cores is modeled with a one-dimensional parametrization. The results of a numerical hydrodynamic study are very encouraging and indicate that such an overturn could well be a dominant feature in the supernova explosion mechanism
Taylor and Francis Journals under the critical lens of readability ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Academic journals are channels through which research findings are presented. They are said to be the most potent means of communication in the academic community; hence, they must be as readable as possible. This paper evaluated the readability of the topmost 11 journals published by the Taylor and Francis group.
Traveling waves in a magnetized Taylor-Couette flow
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liu Wei; Ji Hantao; Goodman, Jeremy
2007-01-01
We investigate numerically a traveling wave pattern observed in experimental magnetized Taylor-Couette flow at low magnetic Reynolds number. By accurately modeling viscous and magnetic boundaries in all directions, we reproduce the experimentally measured wave patterns and their amplitudes. Contrary to previous claims, the waves are shown to be transiently amplified disturbances launched by viscous boundary layers, rather than globally unstable magnetorotational modes
Multiple Representations and the Understanding of Taylor Polynomials
Habre, Samer
2009-01-01
The study of Maclaurin and Taylor polynomials entails the comprehension of various new mathematical ideas. Those polynomials are initially discussed at the college level in a calculus class and then again in a course on numerical methods. This article investigates the understanding of these polynomials by students taking a numerical methods class…
Monetary Policy and the Taylor Principle in Open Economies
Linnemann, L.; Schabert, A.
2006-01-01
Nowadays, central banks mostly conduct monetary policy by setting nominal interest rates. A widely held view is that central banks can stabilize inflation if they follow the Taylor principle, which requires raising the nominal interest rate more than one-for-one in response to higher inflation. Is
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jannes Alexander Uhi
2016-08-01
Full Text Available Hatuhaha Amarima Lou Nusa refers to an indigenous group that has a specific culture from ancestors to contemporary times. The content of cultural values of Hatuhaha Amarima is important to be applied to the context of the daily lives of Hatuhaha Amarima Lou Nusa's people in particular and Indonesia in general. This paper aims to reveal the dynamics of historical and cultural forms of Hatuhaha Amarima, and to explore the nature of Hatuhaha Amarima, along with the values which contained in it with Cornelis Anthonie van Peursen's philosophy of culture perspective. The essence of Hatuhaha Amarima are contained with society (human, history, territory, customs and culture, and language. As the result, the study explaints the epistemologycal aspect of Hatuhaha Amarima in its realistic nature. Also, the study finds a cultural polarization of Hatuhaha Amarima that is as monodualistic in its nature, so it is presenting the feel of living together in multiculturalism with relative condition; ethnicity, religion, and culture. One of the most important point of culture that was passed on by people of Hatuhaha Amarima is the relation of I – You. This is existing in the context of kinship systems, family systems and brotherhood. Obviously, the cultural values of Hatuhaha Amarima has tighted connection with Bhineka Tunggal Ika's principles, so that it is important to applicate it to the context of the state living integrity and nation in Indonesia. The soul of cultural values of Hatuhaha Amarima represented of the ideal values of Pancasila and universal values.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kostriukov Andrei
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Archimandrite Theodosius (Melnik was the cellarer of Metropolitan Anthonii (Khrapovitskii who was the head of the Russian Church Abroad. Archimandrite Theodosius was with his spiritual father and his teacher, Metropolitan Anthonii and shared all the sorrows that have fallen in exile. They lived in Serbia. Then Sremski Karlovci was the center of life of the Russian Orthodox Church. Archimandrite Theodosius become a witness of the important events taking place in Russian Church Abroad and the Serbian Orthodox Church. Letters written by Archimandrite Theodosius in 1933 — 1938 years are published here. The last letter was written after the death of Metropolitan Anthonii. The letters contained information about the life of Metropolitan Anthonii. In his letters, Archimandrite Theodosius assess a personality — Metropolitan Anastasii (Gribanovskii, Metropolitan Nestor (Anisimov, Archpriest Michael Polsky, Yuriy Grabbe, Peter Lopuchin. The letters describe important events in the life of the Russian Orthodox Church, for example, in 1921 Karlovci Council; in 1936 the reconciliation of the Russian Church Abroad with Metropolitan Evlogii (Georgievskii and with Metropolitan Platon (Rozhdestvenskii; in 1938 the preparation of the Second Karlovci Council. All the letters are written to Archimandrite Anthonii (Sinkevich who served in the Russian Spiritual Mission in Jerusalem. In 1951 Archimandrite Anthony became Archbishop Los Angeles and West American. These letters are kept in the archives of the Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in Jerusalem (Moscow Patriarchate.
Hoover, R. H.; Gaylord, D. R.; Cooper, C. M.
2018-05-01
The St. Anthony Dune Field (SADF) is a 300 km2 expanse of active to stabilized transverse, barchan, barchanoid, and parabolic sand dunes located in a semi-arid climate in southeastern Idaho. The northeastern portion of the SADF, 16 km2, was investigated to examine meteorological influences on dune mobility. Understanding meteorological predictors of sand-dune migration for the SADF informs landscape evolution and impacts assessment of eolian activity on sensitive agricultural lands in the western United States, with implications for semi-arid environments globally. Archival aerial photos from 1954 to 2011 were used to calculate dune migration rates which were subsequently compared to regional meteorological data, including temperature, precipitation and wind speed. Observational analyses based on aerial photo imagery and meteorological data indicate that dune migration is influenced by weather for up to 5-10 years and therefore decadal weather patterns should be taken into account when using dune migration rates as proxies from climate fluctuation. Statistical examination of meteorological variables in this study indicates that 24% of the variation of sand dune migration rates is attributed to temperature, precipitation and wind speed, which is increased to 45% when incorporating lag time.
2007-04-01
IN THE current climate of increasing staff redundancies and persistently low staffing levels, a little inspiration to help us pursue our goals is essential. Fortunately, in Notes from a Friend, Anthony Robbins can provide it.
Rayleigh-Taylor/gravitational instability in dense magnetoplasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ali, S.; Ahmed, Z.; Mirza, Arshad M.; Ahmad, I.
2009-01-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability is investigated in a nonuniform dense quantum magnetoplasma. For this purpose, a quantum hydrodynamical model is used for the electrons whereas the ions are assumed to be cold and classical. The dispersion relation for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability becomes modified with the quantum corrections associated with the Fermi pressure law and the quantum Bohm potential force. Numerically, it is found that the quantum speed and density gradient significantly modify the growth rate of RT instability. In a dense quantum magnetoplasma case, the linear growth rate of RT instability becomes significantly higher than its classical value and the modes are found to be highly localized. The present investigation should be useful in the studies of dense astrophysical magnetoplasmas as well as in laser-produced plasmas.
Clinical utility of the Taylor spatial frame for limb deformities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Keshet D
2017-05-01
Full Text Available Doron Keshet, Mark Eidelman Pediatric Orthopedics Unit, Rambam Health Care Center, Haifa, Israel Abstract: The Taylor spatial frame (TSF is a hexapod external fixator that can correct six-axis deformities. The mathematical base of all hexapod systems is projective geometry, which describes complex repositioning of an object in space. The Taylor brothers developed one of the first six-axis correction systems, which is known today as TSF. Over the years, this system has become the most used six-axis deformity correction device. In this review, we describe the history behind TSF development, and describe the principles and clinical utility for application of the TSF in different settings, such as acute trauma, malunions, and various deformities of the lower and upper limb. Keywords: external fixator, deformity correction, hexapod
Rayleigh-Taylor/gravitational instability in dense magnetoplasmas
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ali, S., E-mail: shahid.ali@ncp.edu.p [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad (Pakistan); IPFN, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Ahmed, Z. [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Physics, Wah Campus (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Physics Department, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Ahmad, I. [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Physics, Islamabad Campus (Pakistan)
2009-08-10
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability is investigated in a nonuniform dense quantum magnetoplasma. For this purpose, a quantum hydrodynamical model is used for the electrons whereas the ions are assumed to be cold and classical. The dispersion relation for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability becomes modified with the quantum corrections associated with the Fermi pressure law and the quantum Bohm potential force. Numerically, it is found that the quantum speed and density gradient significantly modify the growth rate of RT instability. In a dense quantum magnetoplasma case, the linear growth rate of RT instability becomes significantly higher than its classical value and the modes are found to be highly localized. The present investigation should be useful in the studies of dense astrophysical magnetoplasmas as well as in laser-produced plasmas.
Stochastic model of Rayleigh-Taylor turbulent mixing
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abarzhi, S.I.; Cadjan, M.; Fedotov, S.
2007-01-01
We propose a stochastic model to describe the random character of the dissipation process in Rayleigh-Taylor turbulent mixing. The parameter alpha, used conventionally to characterize the mixing growth-rate, is not a universal constant and is very sensitive to the statistical properties of the dissipation. The ratio between the rates of momentum loss and momentum gain is the statistic invariant and a robust parameter to diagnose with or without turbulent diffusion accounted for
Rayleigh-Taylor instability in a visco-plastic fluid
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Demianov, A Yu; Doludenko, A N; Son, E E; Inogamov, N A
2010-01-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities of a visco-plastic fluid are discussed. The Bingham model is used as an effective rheological model which takes into account plastic effects. For the purposes of numerical simulation a one-mode disturbance of the contact surface between two fluids is considered. The main goal of this work is to construct numerical 2D and 3D models and to obtain the relationship between yield stress and the development of instability.
Rayleigh-Taylor instability in a visco-plastic fluid
Demianov, A. Yu; Doludenko, A. N.; Inogamov, N. A.; Son, E. E.
2010-12-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities of a visco-plastic fluid are discussed. The Bingham model is used as an effective rheological model which takes into account plastic effects. For the purposes of numerical simulation a one-mode disturbance of the contact surface between two fluids is considered. The main goal of this work is to construct numerical 2D and 3D models and to obtain the relationship between yield stress and the development of instability.
Did The Taylor Rule Stabilize Inflation in Brazil?
Rodrigo De-Losso
2012-01-01
This paper characterizes the monetary policy in Brazil through a forward-looking Taylor-rule-type reaction function before and after the Real plan, which stabilized inflation in July 1994. The results show that the interest rate response to inflation was greater than one-to-one before stabilization and smaller than that afterwards, hence inverting the Taylor’s principle. Several robustness checks, using mainly distinct proxies for output, output gap and data frequency strongly confirm the fin...
Taylor bubbles at high viscosity ratios: experiments and numerical simulations
Hewakandamby, Buddhika; Hasan, Abbas; Azzopardi, Barry; Xie, Zhihua; Pain, Chris; Matar, Omar
2015-11-01
The Taylor bubble is a single long bubble which nearly fills the entire cross section of a liquid-filled circular tube, often occurring in gas-liquid slug flows in many industrial applications, particularly oil and gas production. The objective of this study is to investigate the fluid dynamics of three-dimensional Taylor bubble rising in highly viscous silicone oil in a vertical pipe. An adaptive unstructured mesh modelling framework is adopted here which can modify and adapt anisotropic unstructured meshes to better represent the underlying physics of bubble rising and reduce computational effort without sacrificing accuracy. The numerical framework consists of a mixed control volume and finite element formulation, a `volume of fluid'-type method for the interface-capturing based on a compressive control volume advection method, and a force-balanced algorithm for the surface tension implementation. Experimental results for the Taylor bubble shape and rise velocity are presented, together with numerical results for the dynamics of the bubbles. A comparison of the simulation predictions with experimental data available in the literature is also presented to demonstrate the capabilities of our numerical method. EPSRC Programme Grant, MEMPHIS, EP/K0039761/1.
Numerical study of Taylor bubbles with adaptive unstructured meshes
Xie, Zhihua; Pavlidis, Dimitrios; Percival, James; Pain, Chris; Matar, Omar; Hasan, Abbas; Azzopardi, Barry
2014-11-01
The Taylor bubble is a single long bubble which nearly fills the entire cross section of a liquid-filled circular tube. This type of bubble flow regime often occurs in gas-liquid slug flows in many industrial applications, including oil-and-gas production, chemical and nuclear reactors, and heat exchangers. The objective of this study is to investigate the fluid dynamics of Taylor bubbles rising in a vertical pipe filled with oils of extremely high viscosity (mimicking the ``heavy oils'' found in the oil-and-gas industry). A modelling and simulation framework is presented here which can modify and adapt anisotropic unstructured meshes to better represent the underlying physics of bubble rise and reduce the computational effort without sacrificing accuracy. The numerical framework consists of a mixed control-volume and finite-element formulation, a ``volume of fluid''-type method for the interface capturing based on a compressive control volume advection method, and a force-balanced algorithm for the surface tension implementation. Numerical examples of some benchmark tests and the dynamics of Taylor bubbles are presented to show the capability of this method. EPSRC Programme Grant, MEMPHIS, EP/K0039761/1.
How Did I Get to Princess Margaret? (And How Did I Get Her to the World Wide Web?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kip Jones
2007-09-01
Full Text Available The paper explores the growing use of tools from the arts and humanities for investigation and dissemination of social science research. Emerging spaces for knowledge transfer, such as the World Wide Web, are explored as outlets for "performative social science". Questions of ethnics and questions of evaluation which emerge from performative social science and the use of new technologies are discussed. Contemporary thinking in aesthetics is explored to answer questions of evaluation. The use of the Internet for productions is proposed as supporting the collective elaboration of meaning supported by Relational Aesthetics. One solution to the ethical problem of performing the narrations of others is the use of the writer's own story as autoethnography. The author queries autoethnography's tendency to tell "sad" stories and proposes an amusing story, exemplified by "The One about Princess Margaret" (see http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/rt/suppFiles/281/618. The conclusion is reached that the free and open environment of the Internet sidelines the usual tediousness of academic publishing and begins to explore new answers to questions posed about the evaluation and ethics of performative social science. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs070338
Women’s Oppressed and Disfigured Life in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bahman Zarrinjooee
2017-02-01
Full Text Available The present study attempts to analyze Margaret Atwood’s (1939- The Handmaid’s Tale (1985 based on theories of feminist thinker, Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986 and applies her theories presented in The Second Sex (1949 that leads to better apprehension of sex and gender. Beauvoir’s ideology focuses mainly on the cultural mechanisms of oppression which cause to confine women under the title of Other to man’s self. In her view woman cannot be a simple biological category, and she asserts that womanhood is imposed on woman by civilization. In her idea, the fundamental social meaning of woman is Other. She believes that biology is the main source for woman’s oppression within patriarchal society, and challenges the discourse through which women are defined based on her biology. She also believes that sexuality is another aspect of women’s oppression and exploitation and all functions of women. In Beauvoir’s view, prostitution and heterosexuality are exploitation of woman. She rejects the heterosexuality as the norm for sexual relations. This paper tries to show how Atwood in The Handmaid’s Tale speculates feminist issues such as loss of identity, subordination of woman in a male dominated society and women’s exploitation in consumer society where woman’s body is treated as an object, a tool and consumable item. Atwood focuses on the problems such as gender inequality, and pitfalls of patriarchal system for women’s oppression.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Barbara Miceli
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Il saggio è l’analisi di due romanzi di Margaret Atwood ambientati in due città/società con un funzionamento apparentemente perfetto che le rende sicure, pulite, prive di crimine e disciplinate. I romanzi, The Handmaid’s Tale (1985 e The Heart Goes Last (2015, sono ambientati nelle città fittizie di Gilead e Consilience, situate negli Stati Uniti. Tali società condividono alcune caratteristiche, e applicano i principi della prigione studiati da Foucault nel saggio Discipline and Punish, in particolare per ciò che riguarda il controllo sul corpo delle persone per renderle “docili” e utili, l’isolamento dal mondo esterno e le punizioni (torture ed esecuzioni che rendono le persone soggiogate al potere. L’apparente perfezione di Gilead e di Consilience nasconde elementi distopici che, secondo l’autrice, potrebbero rappresentare il futuro delle nostre città, e una misura estrema che suscita dibattiti e riflessioni su quanto una simile gestione della società possa essere peggiore di quella in cui viviamo.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Etienne Samain
2000-11-01
Full Text Available Balinese character. A photographie analysis (1942 de Gregory Bateson et Margaret Mead est, sans nul doute, un livre fondateur de l’anthropologie visuelle (photographique. Souvent cité, il reste insuffisamment exploré. Cet article soulève - après une brève présentation de l’organisation d’ensemble de l’oeuvre - un questionnement heuristique et une réflexion sur la nature de l’utilisation intégrative de l’image et du texte dans l’élaboration du discours anthropologique. Pour ce faire, nous étudions trois modèles d’organisation des planches photographiques de Balinese character et leurs respectifs commentaires écrits, effectuant des parcours inverses: de l’image au texte, du texte à l’image. S’il est vrai que l'un et l’autre de ces supports communicationnels sont singuliers autant que complémentaires, leurs richesse respective n’est pas à l’abri d’autres risques que cette recherche dévoilera.
The role of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in filament threads
Terradas, J.; Oliver, R.; Ballester, J. L.
2012-05-01
Context. Many solar filaments and prominences show short-lived horizontal threads lying parallel to the photosphere. Aims: In this work the possible link between Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities and thread lifetimes is investigated. Methods: This is done by calculating the eigenmodes of a thread modelled as a Cartesian slab under the presence of gravity. An analytical dispersion relation is derived using the incompressible assumption for the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) perturbations. Results: The system allows a mode that is always stable, independently of the value of the Alfvén speed in the thread. The character of this mode varies from being localised at the upper interface of the slab when the magnetic field is weak, to having a global nature and resembling the transverse kink mode when the magnetic field is strong. On the contrary, the slab model permits another mode that is unstable and localised at the lower interface when the magnetic field is weak. The growth rates of this mode can be very short, of the order of minutes for typical thread conditions. This Rayleigh-Taylor unstable mode becomes stable when the magnetic field is increased, and in the limit of strong magnetic field it is essentially a sausage magnetic mode. Conclusions: The gravity force might have a strong effect on the modes of oscillation of threads, depending on the value of the Alfvén speed. In the case of threads in quiescent filaments, where the Alfvén speed is presumably low, very short lifetimes are expected according to the slab model. In active region prominences, the stabilising effect of the magnetic tension might be enough to suppress the Rayleigh-Taylor instability for a wide range of wavelengths.
Preliminary study of Rayleigh-Taylor instability in wire-array Z-pinch
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
He Kaihui; Feng Kaiming; Li Qiang; Gao Chunming
2000-01-01
It is important to research into the MHD Rayleigh-Taylor instability developed in Z-pinch implosion. A snowplough model of the single wire Z-pinch is presented. The perturbation amplitude of Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the wire-array Z-pinch is analyzed quantitatively. Sheared axial flow is put forward to mitigate and reduce the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. And other approaches used to mitigate MHD instability in such a super-fast process are explored
An endogenous Taylor condition in an endogenous growth monetary policy model
Le, Mai Vo; Gillman, Max; Minford, Patrick
2007-01-01
The paper derives a Taylor condition as part of the agent's equilibrium behavior in an endogenous growth monetary economy. It shows the assumptions necessary to make it almost identical to the original Taylor rule, and that it can interchangably take a money supply growth rate form. From the money supply form, simple policy experiments are conducted. A full central bank policy model is derived that includes the Taylor condition along with equations comparable to the standard aggregate-demand/...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oza Amit M
2006-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a paucity of literature on the referral outcome of patients seen in phase I trial clinics in academic oncology centres. This study aims to provide information on the accrual rate and to identify obstacles in the recruitment process. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed for all new patients referred and seen in the phase I clinic at the Princess Margaret Hospital between January 2000 and June 2005. Data on their demographics, medical history, and details of trial participation or non-entry were recorded. Results A total of 667 new phase I referrals were seen during the stated period. Of these patients, 197 (29.5% patients were enrolled into a phase I trial, and 64.5% of them started trial within 1 month of the initial visit. About a quarter (165 of 667 of the patients referred were deemed ineligible at their first visit, with the most frequent reasons for ineligibility being poor performance status, unacceptable bloodwork, too many prior treatments and rapid disease progression. The remaining 305 patients (45.7% were potentially eligible at their initial visit, but never entered a phase I trial. The main reasons for their non-entry were patient refusal, other treatment recommended first, and lack of available trials or trial spots. Conclusion This study provides information on the clinical realities underlying a referral to a phase I clinic and eventual trial enrollment. Better selection of patients, appropriate education of referring physicians, and opening phase I trials with fewer restrictions on some criteria such as prior therapy may enhance their recruitment rates.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Valeria Mosca
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake (2003 and The Year of the Flood (2009 are the first and second novels in an as-yet-unfinished trilogy. The two works share a complex structure in which scenes from different moments in the future follow one another. A post-apocalyptic narrative line is intertwined with one that depicts events from a nearer future, all of them leading up to an environmental catastrophe of huge proportions. The nearest scenario is one of extreme genetic manipulation, in which the boundaries between species are blatantly crossed. Biopolitics strictly controls the environment and those who inhabit it; identities can be bought, and only some of them grant access to the Compounds – the only safe areas left after open spaces have become radioactive. In the meantime, all kinds of technological and genetic enhancements to human capabilities are being employed, some of them resulting in the creation of para-human populations. An environmental catastrophe follows, and both books feature last-man-on-earth narratives. Whether – or, more appropriately, how – the apocalyptic destruction is linked to an attempt to cross the boundary of the human is the issue this essay addresses. The first section deals with more classical interpretations of Atwood’s fiction as a cautionary tale about current environmental policies, whereas a new hypothesis is made in the second section, a post-humanist reading of Atwood's novels. Philosophical support will be provided by Jacques Derrida’s reflections on the fine line between animals and humans and Cary Wolfe’s theory of posthumanism.
Shear flow stabilization of the hydromagnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roderick, N.F.; Shumlak, U.; Douglas, M.; Peterkin, R.E. Jr.; Ruden, E.
1997-01-01
Numerical simulations have indicated that shear flow may help stabilize the hydromagnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability in imploding plasma z-pinches. A simple extension to a model presented in Chandrasekhar has been developed to study the linear stability of incompressible plasma subjected to both a shear flow and acceleration. The model has been used to investigate the stability plasma implosion schemes using externally imposed velocity shear which develops from the plasma flow itself. Specific parameters were chosen to represent plasma implosions driven by the Saturn and PBFA-Z, pulsed power generators at Sandia National Laboratories. Results indicate a high shear is necessary to stabilize the z-pinch implosions studied
Onset of cellular motion in Taylor-Couette flow
Mullin, T.; Heise, M.; Pfister, G.
2017-08-01
Taylor-Couette flow between concentric rotating cylinders provides a prime example of a pitchfork bifurcation in hydrodynamic stability. However, more than 40 years ago, Benjamin pointed out difficulties in establishing quantitative links between models where periodicity is assumed along the length of the cylinders and calculations using the Navier-Stokes equations. A new model was recently advanced where it is claimed that the bifurcation which is relevant to the onset of cellular motion is the one between neighboring states. Here, we provide experimental data in support of this idea which explain why the onset of cellular motion is observed to be sharp whereas the periodic model bifurcation is highly imperfect.
The carbon stable isotope biogeochemistry of streams, Taylor Valley, Antarctica
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lyons, W.B.; Leslie, D.L.; Harmon, R.S.; Neumann, K.; Welch, K.A.; Bisson, K.M.; McKnight, D.M.
2013-01-01
Highlights: ► δ 13 C-DIC reported from McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, streams. ► Stream water δ 13 C PDB values range −9.4‰ to +5.1‰, largely inorganic in character. ► Atmospheric exchange is the dominant control on δ 13 C-DIC. - Abstract: The McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Antarctica is the largest ice-free region on the continent. This study reports the first C stable isotope measurements for dissolved inorganic C present in ephemeral streams in four dry valleys that flow for four to twelve weeks during the austral summer. One of these valleys, Taylor Valley, has been the focus of the McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research (MCM-LTER) program since 1993. Within Taylor Valley, numerous ephemeral streams deliver water to three perennially ice-covered, closed-basin lakes: Lake Fryxell, Lake Hoare, and Lake Bonney. The Onyx River in the Wright Valley, the longest river in Antarctica, flows for 40 km from the Wright Lower Glacier and Lake Brownworth at the foot of the glacier to Lake Vanda. Streamflow in the McMurdo Dry Valley streams is produced primarily from glacial melt, as there is no overland flow. However, hyporheic zone exchange can be a major hydrogeochemical process in these streams. Depending on landscape position, these streams vary in gradient, channel substrate, biomass abundance, and hyporheic zone extent. This study sampled streams from Taylor, Wright, Garwood, and Miers Valleys and conducted diurnal sampling of two streams of different character in Taylor Valley. In addition, transect sampling was undertaken of the Onyx River in Wright Valley. The δ 13 C PDB values from these streams span a range of greater than 14‰, from −9.4‰ to +5.1‰, with the majority of samples falling between −3‰ and +2‰, suggesting that the C stable isotope composition of dissolved C in McMurdo Dry Valley streams is largely inorganic in character. Because there are no vascular plants on this landscape and no groundwater input to these
Lattice QCD for Baryon Rich Matter – Beyond Taylor Expansions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bornyakov, V.; Boyda, D.; Goy, V.; Molochkov, A.; Nakamura, A.; Nikolaev, A.; Zakharov, V.I.
2016-01-01
We discuss our study for exploring the QCD phase diagram based on the lattice QCD. To go beyond the Taylor expansion and to reach higher density regions, we employ the canonical approach. In order to produce lattice data which meet experimental situation as much as possible, we propose a canonical approach with the charge and baryon number. We present our lattice QCD GPU code for this project which employs the clover improved Wilson fermions and Iwasaki gauge action to investigate pure imaginary chemical potential.
Statistical approach of weakly nonlinear ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garnier, J.; Masse, L.
2005-01-01
A weakly nonlinear model is proposed for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in presence of ablation and thermal transport. The nonlinear effects for a single-mode disturbance are computed, included the nonlinear correction to the exponential growth of the fundamental modulation. Mode coupling in the spectrum of a multimode disturbance is thoroughly analyzed by a statistical approach. The exponential growth of the linear regime is shown to be reduced by the nonlinear mode coupling. The saturation amplitude is around 0.1λ for long wavelengths, but higher for short instable wavelengths in the ablative regime
Identità e riconoscimento in Charles Taylor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Francesca Caputo
2013-06-01
Full Text Available The model of the politic of difference, proposed by Charles Taylor, in the wake of a conception of liberalism ‘hospitable’, unfolds in a journey aimed to comply with the ontological dimensions of the dignity of different cultures, of cultural traditions and ways of life. Being a self, constructed in terms of dialogue and dialectic of mutual recognition between cultures, refers, in the Charles Taylor’s reflection, to the safeguarding of single, intersubjective or common meanings of specific social, moral, narrative spaces.
Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor Instabilities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lau, Yue Ying [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Gilgenbach, Ronald [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
2013-07-07
Magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability (MRT) is important to magnetized target fusion, wire-array z-pinches, and equation-of-state studies using flyer plates or isentropic compression. It is also important to the study of the crab nebula. The investigators performed MRT experiments on thin foils, driven by the mega-ampere linear transformer driver (LTD) facility completed in their laboratory. This is the first 1-MA LTD in the USA. Initial experiments on the seeding of MRT were performed. Also completed was an analytic study of MRT for a finite plasma slab with arbitrary magnetic fields tangential to the interfaces. The effects of magnetic shear and feedthrough were analyzed.
Rayleigh-Taylor instability in accelerated elastic-solid slabs
Piriz, S. A.; Piriz, A. R.; Tahir, N. A.
2017-12-01
We develop the linear theory for the asymptotic growth of the incompressible Rayleigh-Taylor instability of an accelerated solid slab of density ρ2, shear modulus G , and thickness h , placed over a semi-infinite ideal fluid of density ρ110.1007/s000330050121] to arbitrary values of AT and unveil the singular feature of an instability threshold below which the slab is stable for any perturbation wavelength. As a consequence, an accelerated elastic-solid slab is stable if ρ2g h /G ≤2 (1 -AT) /AT .
Hydromagnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability in cylindrical implosions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hwang, C.S.; Roderick, N.F.; Wu, M.W.
1986-01-01
Rayleigh-Taylor Instability in the (r,Θ) plane has been solved by the variational approach. Results are compared to the analytical solutions of two-region and three-region problems at the infinite radius. They show the magnetic stabilization effect. Growth rates in this plane are decreased by the effects of plasma shell thickness, plasma shell radius, magnetic tension, magnetic diffusion and finite density gradient of the plasma magnetic field interface. The most unstable mode number decreases when the radius of the plasma shell decreases
The right versus the good? On the right in the Philosophy of Charles Taylor
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Javier García Caladín
2013-05-01
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the famous confrontation between the right and the good. We start with the analysis of Charles Taylor about the different significances of the good and his criticism to a procedural and restrictive approach of the moral (such as Habermas and Kymlicka. Secondly, we review in depth the ethics of Taylor and we stress the vague remark of «the just» in the use of Taylor. Finally, we evaluate the deontological deficiencies of the ethics of Taylor and try to find other ways to complement it.
Nonlinear interaction of Rayleigh--Taylor and shear instabilities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Finn, J.M.
1993-01-01
Results on the nonlinear behavior of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability and consequent development of shear flow by the shear instability [Phys. Fluids B 4, 488 (1992)] are presented. It is found that the shear flow is generated at sufficient amplitude to reduce greatly the convective transport. For high viscosity, the time-asymptotic state consists of an equilibrium with shear flow and vortex flow (with islands, or ''cat's eyes''), or a relaxation oscillation involving an interplay between the shear instability and the Rayleigh--Taylor instability in the presence of shear. For low viscosity, the dominant feature is a high-frequency nonlinear standing wave consisting of convective vortices localized near the top and bottom boundaries. The localization of these vortices is due to the smaller shear near the boundary regions. The convective transport is largest around these convective vortices near the boundary and there is a region of good confinement near the center. The possible relevance of this behavior to the H mode and edge-localized modes (ELM's) in the tokamak edge region is discussed
Rayleigh-Taylor instability in multi-structured spherical targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gupta, N.K.; Lawande, S.V.
1986-01-01
An eigenvalue equation for the exponential growth rate of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability is derived in spherical geometry. The free surface and jump boundary conditions are obtained from the eigenvalue equation. The eigenvalue equation is solved in the cases where the initial fluid density profile has a step function or exponential variation in space and analytical formulae for growth rate of the instability are obtained. The solutions for the step function are generalized for any number N of spherical zones forming an arbitrary fluid density profile. The results of the numerical calculations for N spherical zones are compared with the exact analytical results for exponential fluid density profile with N=10 and a good agreement is observed. The formalism is further used to study the effects of density gradients on Rayleigh-Taylor instability in spherical geometry. Also analytical formulae are presented for a particular case of N=3 and shell targets. The formalism developed here can be used to study the growth of the instability in present day multi-structured shell targets. (author)
Rayleigh-Taylor convection in confined porous media
Zonta, Francesco; de Paoli, Marco; Soldati, Alfredo
2017-11-01
Motivated by the dissolution phenomena occurring during carbon sequestration processes, we analyze Rayleigh-Taylor convection in isotropic porous media. In the Rayleigh-Taylor configuration, a layer of dense fluid (CO2+brine) lyes on top of a layer of light fluid (brine). The velocity field is computed with the Darcy law, whereas the concentration field is determined by the advection-diffusion equation. We used a pseudospectral scheme (Fourier discretization in periodic direction and Chebyshev polynomial in wall-normal direction) to run Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of the present system. We focused in particular on the behavior of the mixing length h (the tip-to-rear finger distance), a fundamental quantity to characterize all the transfer phenomena (solute, convection and energy) occurring in the analyzed case. In particular, we observed that the time behavior of h is twofold: during the initial transient evolution, h has a self similar universal behavior; later, due to the presence of boundaries, the behavior becomes more complex and hard to predict. Physical implications of the present results on dissolution modeling approaches will be also addressed.
Inertial migration of particles in Taylor-Couette flows
Majji, Madhu V.; Morris, Jeffrey F.
2018-03-01
An experimental study of inertial migration of neutrally buoyant particles in the circular Couette flow (CCF), Taylor vortex flow (TVF) and wavy vortex flow (WVF) is reported. This work considers a concentric cylinder Taylor-Couette device with a stationary outer cylinder and rotating inner cylinder. The device has a radius ratio of η = ri/ro = 0.877, where ri and ro are the inner and outer radii of the flow annulus. The ratio of the annular width between the cylinders (δ = ro - ri) and the particle diameter (dp) is α = δ/dp = 20. For η = 0.877, the flow of a Newtonian fluid undergoes transitions from CCF to TVF and TVF to WVF at Reynolds numbers Re = 120 and 151, respectively, and for the dilute suspensions studied here, these critical Reynolds numbers are almost unchanged. In CCF, particles were observed to migrate, due to the competition between the shear gradient of the flow and the wall interactions, to an equilibrium location near the middle of the annulus with an offset toward the inner cylinder. In TVF, the vortex motion causes the particles to be exposed to the shear gradient and wall interactions in a different manner, resulting in a circular equilibrium region in each vortex. The radius of this circular region grows with increase in Re. In WVF, the azimuthal waviness results in fairly well-distributed particles across the annulus.
Rūta Šlapkauskaitė
2004-01-01
Since its publication in 1985, Margaret Atwood’s dystopia The Handmaid’s Tale has prominently secured its place among the most widely read novels of Canadian literature. The present article offers a reading of Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale as a narrative built on intertextual relationships with other texts, which are directly or implicitly referred to in the novel. This analysis of the novel emphasizes reading as a dynamic semiotic process and employs Gérard Genette’s notion of transtextuality...
A Study of Hélène Cixous’ Concepts of Neuter and Other in Margaret Atwood’s Life before Man
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Shahram Afrougheh
2014-05-01
Full Text Available This study tries to find the evidences of similarity in thoughts and beliefs common between two female writers, Hélène Cixous and Margaret Atwood; therefore, the main concepts, neuter and other that Cixous introduced and discussed by means of her Feminine writing, are applied in Atwood’s novel, Life before Man. The research is done by studying the main characters of the above-mentioned novel. The results show that none of characters is able to cope and connect with other that leads to their unhappy lives and their failure.
Taylor-Made Education: The Influence of the Efficiency Movement on the Testing of Reading Skills.
Allen, JoBeth
Much of what has developed in the testing of reading harkens back to the days of the "Cult of Efficiency" movement in education that can be largely attributed to Frederick Winslow Taylor. Taylor spent most of his productive years studying time and motion in an attempt to streamline industrial production so that people could work as…
Expressing the remainder of the Taylor polynomial when the function lacks smoothness
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Hošek, Radim
2017-01-01
Roč. 72, č. 3 (2017), s. 126-130 ISSN 0013-6018 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Taylor polynomial * Taylor theorem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Pure mathematics http://www.ems-ph.org/doi/10.4171/EM/335
Disentangling the origins of torque enhancement through wall roughness in Taylor-Couette turbulence
Zhu, Xiaojue; Verzicco, Roberto; Lohse, Detlef
2017-01-01
Direct numerical simulations (DNS) are performed to analyse the global transport properties of turbulent Taylor-Couette flow with inner rough wall up to Taylor number Ta = 1010. The dimensionless torque Nuω shows an effective scaling of Nuω ∝ Ta0.42±0.01, which is steeper than the ultimate regime
Shapes of an Air Taylor Bubble in Stagnant Liquids Influenced by Different Surface Tensions
Lertnuwat, B.
2018-02-01
The aim of this work is to propose an empirical model for predicting shapes of a Taylor bubble, which is a part of slug flows, under different values of the surface tension in stagnant liquids by employing numerical simulations. The k - Ɛ turbulence model was used in the framework of finite volume method for simulating flow fields in a unit of slug flow and also the pressure distribution on a Taylor bubble surface. Assuming that an air pressure distribution inside the Taylor bubble must be uniform, a grid search method was exploited to find an appropriate shape of a Taylor bubble for six values of surface tension. It was found that the shape of a Taylor bubble would be blunter if the surface tension was increased. This was because the surface tension affected the Froude number, controlling the flow around a Taylor bubble. The simulation results were also compared with the Taylor bubble shape, created by the Dumitrescu-and-Taylor model and former studies in order to ensure that they were consistent. Finally, the empirical model was presented from the simulation results.
Taylor Dispersion Analysis as a promising tool for assessment of peptide-peptide interactions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Høgstedt, Ulrich B; Schwach, Grégoire; van de Weert, Marco
2016-01-01
solutions increased with concentration. Our results indicate that a viscosity difference between run buffer and sample in Taylor Dispersion Analysis may result in overestimation of the measured diffusion coefficient. Thus, Taylor Dispersion Analysis provides a practical, but as yet primarily qualitative....... In this work, we show that protein-protein and peptide-peptide interactions can advantageously be investigated by measurement of the diffusion coefficient using Taylor Dispersion Analysis. Through comparison to Dynamic Light Scattering it was shown that Taylor Dispersion Analysis is well suited...... for the characterization of protein-protein interactions of solutions of α-lactalbumin and human serum albumin. The peptide-peptide interactions of three selected peptides were then investigated in a concentration range spanning from 0.5mg/ml up to 80mg/ml using Taylor Dispersion Analysis. The peptide-peptide interactions...
Charles Taylor, hermeneutics and social imaginaries: a framework for ethics research.
Carnevale, Franco A
2013-04-01
Hermeneutics, also referred to as interpretive phenomenology, has led to important contributions to nursing research. The philosophy of Charles Taylor has been a major source in the development of contemporary hermeneutics, through his ontological and epistemological articulations of the human sciences. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that Taylor's ideas can further enrich hermeneutic inquiry in nursing research, particularly for investigations of ethical concerns. The paper begins with an outline of Taylor's hermeneutical framework, followed by a review of his key ideas relevant for ethics research. The paper ends with a discussion of my empirical research with critically ill children in Canada and France in relation to Taylor's ideas, chiefly Social Imaginaries. I argue that Taylor's hermeneutics provides a substantive moral framework as well as a methodology for examining ethical concerns. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Mode coupling in nonlinear Rayleigh--Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ofer, D.; Shvarts, D.; Zinamon, Z.; Orszag, S.A.
1992-01-01
This paper studies the interaction of a small number of modes in the two-fluid Rayleigh--Taylor instability at relatively late stages of development, i.e., the nonlinear regime, using a two-dimensional hydrodynamic code incorporating a front-tracking scheme. It is found that the interaction of modes can greatly affect the amount of mixing and may even reduce the width of the mixing region. This interaction is both relatively long range in wave-number space and also acts in both directions, i.e., short wavelengths affect long wavelengths and vice versa. Three distinct stages of interaction have been identified, including substantial interaction among modes some of which may still be in their classical (single mode) ''linear'' phase
Rayleigh-Taylor analysis in a laser-induced plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Marin, R A; Gonzales, C A; Riascos, H
2012-01-01
We report the conditions (plasma parameters) under which the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) develops in an Al plasma produced by a Nd:Yag pulsed laser with a fluence range of 1 to 4 J/cm 2 , wavelength of 1064nm and 10Hz repetition rate. The used data correspond to different pressure values of the ambient N atmosphere. From previous works, we took the RTI growth rate form. From the perturbation theory the instability amplitude is proportional to e -ηt . Using the drag model, we calculated the plume dynamics equations integrating the instability term and plotted the instability growth profile with the delay time values to get critical numbers for it, in order to show under which conditions the RTI appears.
Simulation of Rayleigh--Taylor flows using vortex blobs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kerr, R.M.
1988-01-01
An inviscid boundary-integral method is modified in order to study the single-scale Rayleigh--Taylor instability for arbitrary Atwood number. The primary modification uses vortex blobs to smooth the Green's function and suppress a finite time singularity in the curvature. Additional modifications to earlier codes such as using second-order central differences along the interface to accommodate spikes in the vorticity and spreading the nodes evenly along the interface to suppress clustering of nodes are designed to maintain resolution and accuracy. To achieve second-order accuracy in time when the nodes are spread, an extra predictor step is needed that shifts the nodes before the variables are advanced. The method successfully follows the development of a single mode to states with asymptotic velocities for the bubble and spike that depend on the Atwood number and are independent of the blob size. Incipient droplet formation is observed. copyright 1988 Academic Press, Inc
Lattice QCD at finite temperature and density from Taylor expansion
Steinbrecher, Patrick
2017-01-01
In the first part, I present an overview of recent Lattice QCD simulations at finite temperature and density. In particular, we discuss fluctuations of conserved charges: baryon number, electric charge and strangeness. These can be obtained from Taylor expanding the QCD pressure as a function of corresponding chemical potentials. Our simulations were performed using quark masses corresponding to physical pion mass of about 140 MeV and allow a direct comparison to experimental data from ultra-relativistic heavy ion beams at hadron colliders such as the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. In the second part, we discuss computational challenges for current and future exascale Lattice simulations with a focus on new silicon developments from Intel and NVIDIA.
Taylor's law and body size in exploited marine ecosystems.
Cohen, Joel E; Plank, Michael J; Law, Richard
2012-12-01
Taylor's law (TL), which states that variance in population density is related to mean density via a power law, and density-mass allometry, which states that mean density is related to body mass via a power law, are two of the most widely observed patterns in ecology. Combining these two laws predicts that the variance in density is related to body mass via a power law (variance-mass allometry). Marine size spectra are known to exhibit density-mass allometry, but variance-mass allometry has not been investigated. We show that variance and body mass in unexploited size spectrum models are related by a power law, and that this leads to TL with an exponent slightly <2. These simulated relationships are disrupted less by balanced harvesting, in which fishing effort is spread across a wide range of body sizes, than by size-at-entry fishing, in which only fish above a certain size may legally be caught.
Nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor growth in converging geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clark, Daniel S.; Tabak, Max
2005-01-01
The early nonlinear phase of Rayleigh-Taylor growth is typically described in terms of the classic Layzer model in which bubbles of light fluid rise into the heavy fluid at a constant rate determined by the bubble radius and the gravitational acceleration. However, this model is strictly valid only for planar interfaces and hence ignores any effects that might be introduced by the spherically converging interfaces of interest in inertial confinement fusion and various astrophysical phenomena. Here, a generalization of the Layzer nonlinear bubble rise rate is given for a self-similar spherically converging flow of the type studied by Kidder. A simple formula for the bubble amplitude is found showing that, while the bubble initially rises with a constant velocity similar to the Layzer result, during the late phase of the implosion, an acceleration of the bubble rise rate occurs. The bubble rise rate is verified by comparison with numerical hydrodynamics simulations
Nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor growth in convergine geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clark, D S; Tabak, M
2005-05-01
The early nonlinear phase of Rayleigh-Taylor growth is typically described in terms of the classic Layzer model in which bubbles of light fluid rise into the heavy fluid at a constant rate determined by the bubble radius and the gravitational acceleration. However, this model is strictly valid only for planar interfaces and hence ignores any effects which might be introduced by the spherically converging interfaces of interest in inertial confinement fusion. Here a generalization of the Layzer nonlinear bubble rise rate is given for a self-similar spherically converging flow of the type studied by Kidder. A simple formula for the bubble amplitude is found showing that, while the bubble initially rises with a constant velocity similar to the Layzer result, during the late phase of the implosion, an acceleration of the bubble rise rate occurs. The bubble rise rate is verified by comparison with numerical hydrodynamics simulations
Taylor's law and body size in exploited marine ecosystems
Cohen, Joel E; Plank, Michael J; Law, Richard
2012-01-01
Taylor's law (TL), which states that variance in population density is related to mean density via a power law, and density-mass allometry, which states that mean density is related to body mass via a power law, are two of the most widely observed patterns in ecology. Combining these two laws predicts that the variance in density is related to body mass via a power law (variance-mass allometry). Marine size spectra are known to exhibit density-mass allometry, but variance-mass allometry has not been investigated. We show that variance and body mass in unexploited size spectrum models are related by a power law, and that this leads to TL with an exponent slightly <2. These simulated relationships are disrupted less by balanced harvesting, in which fishing effort is spread across a wide range of body sizes, than by size-at-entry fishing, in which only fish above a certain size may legally be caught. PMID:23301181
Anisotropy and Feedthrough in Magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor Instabilities
Weis, Matthew; Rittersdorf, Ian; Lau, Yue Ying; Zhang, Peng; Gilgenbach, Ronald; Zier, Jacob
2011-10-01
The magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability (MRT) in a finite slab is studied analytically using the ideal MHD model. The slab may be accelerated by an arbitrary combination of magnetic pressure and fluid pressure, thus allowing an arbitrary degree of anisotropy intrinsic to the acceleration mechanism. The magnetic field in different regions may assume arbitrary magnitude and direction tangential to the interface. In general, MRT retains robust growth if it exists. However, feedthrough may be substantially reduced if there are magnetic fields on both sides of the slab, and if the MRT mode invokes bending of the magnetic field lines. The analytically tractable eigenmode solutions allow an evaluation of the temporal evolution of MRT from random initial surface roughness. Work supported by DoE award DE-SC0002590, NSF award PHY 0903340, and by DoE through Sandia National Lab awards 240985 and 76822 to U. of Michigan. JCZ was supported by an NPSC fellowship through Sandia.
Deformity correction in Haiti with the Taylor Spatial Frame.
Alexis, Francel; Herzenberg, John E; Nelson, Scott C
2015-01-01
The Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is an external-fixator that corrects deformities in 6 axes, and can successfully manage disorders involving multiplanar deformities. In the developing-world, orthopaedic surgeons are often faced with deformities from neglected trauma and birth defects more severe than those typically seen in developed-countries. This article evaluates the applicability of TSF in the challenging medical environment of Haiti. At Haiti Adventist Hospital, the authors treated 80 cases using the TSF with a minimum follow-up of 1-year. Good results were observed in 99% of the cases (79 out of 80), approaching similar outcomes than those described in literature. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Deformation Behavior of Polymeric Materials by Taylor Impact
Shin, Hyung-Seop; Park, Sung-Taek; Kim, See-Jo; Choi, Joon-Hong; Kim, Jeong-Tae
The deformation of polymers under high loading-rate conditions will be a governing factor to be considered in their impact-resistant applications such as protective shields and armors. In this study, the deformation and fracture behaviors of polymeric materials such as PE, PC and PEEK have been investigated by Taylor cylinder impact tests with the high speed photography. A 20 mm air gun was used to perform the impact experiments. Cylindrical projectiles have been impacted onto a hardened steel anvil at a velocity ranging from 120 to 320 m/s. After impact experiments, the shape of projectiles was examined and compared with high speed photographic images to distinguish the elastic deformation component from the deformation measured instantaneously. Each adopted material showed different deformation and fracture behaviors. As compared with the quasi-static cases all polymers showed a significant strain rate hardening when the strain rate used was over 6 × 103 s-1. This appeared most significant in PE.
THE RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY IN SMALL ASPECT RATIO CONTAINERS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
RIVERA, MICHAEL K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; ECKE, ROBERT E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2007-01-22
We present experimental measurements of density and velocity obtained from the mixing zone of buoyancy driven turbulence initiated by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in a small aspect ration chamber (a chamber who's vertical height is significantly larger than its lateral dimesion). The mixing front propogates at a slightly slower rate than the expected t{sup 2} behavior obtained from earlier experiments and numerics. Once the front has propogated significantly far away, we observe that the mixing zone develops to a statistically stationary state. In this stationary state, the spectral distributions of energy and density deviate from the familiar k{sup -5/3} ubiquitous to turbulence in three dimensions.
Unstable Titan-generated Rayleigh-Taylor Lakes Impact Ice
Umurhan, O. M.; Korycansky, D. G.; Zahnle, K. J.
2014-12-01
The evolution of surface morphology on Titan, Triton, and other worlds is strongly influenced by the interplay of various fluid dynamical processes. Specifically, overturning instabilities can easily arise due to the special circumstances of landform evolution that probably occurred on these worlds. On Titan, large impacts that formed basins like Menrva crater (and possibly Hotei Regio) would have generated impact-melt ice lakes unstably arranged over less dense ice. Cantaloupe terrains, for example as seen on Triton, may be the result of condensation of volatiles (methane, nitrogen) leading to unstably stratified layers of different compositions and densities. In each of these cases, Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities leading to large scale diapirism may be at play. In addition to the dynamics of these instabilities, other physical effects (e.g. heat diffusion, freezing/melting, porosity, temperature dependent viscosity) likely play an important role in the evolution of these features. In this ongoing study, we examine the properties of unstably stratified fluids in which the lower less-dense ice has a temperature dependent viscosity. Surprisingly, we find that there exists an optimal disturbance length scale corresponding to the fastest growth of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. For unstably stratified layers of water (low viscosity heavy liquid lying above an ice whose viscosity increases with depth) the fastest growing mode corresponds to 40-60 km scales with overturn times of approximately 100 days. We present a detailed numerical stability analysis in a corresponding Boussinessq model (in the creeping flow limit) incorporating thermal conduction and latent heat release and we examine the stability properties surveying a variety of parameters. We have also developed a two-dimensional numerical code (a hybrid spectral/compact-differencing scheme) to model the evolution of such systems for which we shall present preliminary numerical results depicting the outcome of
Taylor-Couette flow stability with toroidal magnetic field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shalybkov, D
2005-01-01
The linear stability of the dissipative Taylor-Couette flow with imposed azimuthal magnetic field is considered. Unlike to ideal flow, the magnetic field is fixed function of radius with two parameters only: a ratio of inner to outer cylinder radii and a ratio of the magnetic field values on outer and inner cylinders. The magnetic field with boundary values ratio greater than zero and smaller than inverse radii ratio always stabilizes the flow and called stable magnetic field below. The current free magnetic field is the stable magnetic field. The unstable magnetic field destabilizes every flow if the magnetic field (or Hartmann number) exceeds some critical value. This instability survives even without rotation (for zero Reynolds number). For the stable without the magnetic field flow, the unstable modes are located into some interval of the vertical wave numbers. The interval length is zero for critical Hartmann number and increases with increasing Hartmann number. The critical Hartmann numbers and the length of the unstable vertical wave numbers interval is the same for every rotation law. There are the critical Hartmann numbers for m = 0 sausage and m = 1 kink modes only. The critical Hartmann numbers are smaller for kink mode and this mode is the most unstable mode like to the pinch instability case. The flow stability do not depend on the magnetic Prandtl number for m = 0 mode. The same is true for critical Hartmann numbers for m = 0 and m = 1 modes. The typical value of the magnetic field destabilizing the liquid metal Taylor-Couette flow is order of 100 Gauss
Cylindrical Taylor states conserving total absolute magnetic helicity
Low, B. C.; Fang, F.
2014-09-01
The Taylor state of a three-dimensional (3D) magnetic field in an upright cylindrical domain V is derived from first principles as an extremum of the total magnetic energy subject to a conserved, total absolute helicity Habs. This new helicity [Low, Phys. Plasmas 18, 052901 (2011)] is distinct from the well known classical total helicity and relative total helicity in common use to describe wholly-contained and anchored fields, respectively. A given field B, tangential along the cylindrical side of V, may be represented as a unique linear superposition of two flux systems, an axially extended system along V and a strictly transverse system carrying information on field-circulation. This specialized Chandrasekhar-Kendall representation defines Habs and permits a neat formulation of the boundary-value problem (BVP) for the Taylor state as a constant-α force-free field, treating 3D wholly-contained and anchored fields on the same conceptual basis. In this formulation, the governing equation is a scalar integro-partial differential equation (PDE). A family of series solutions for an anchored field is presented as an illustration of this class of BVPs. Past treatments of the constant-α field in 3D cylindrical geometry are based on a scalar Helmholtz PDE as the governing equation, with issues of inconsistency in the published field solutions discussed over time in the journal literature. The constant-α force-free equation reduces to a scalar Helmholtz PDE only as special cases of the 3D integro-PDE derived here. In contrast, the constant-α force-free equation and the scalar Helmholtz PDE are absolutely equivalent in the spherical domain as discussed in Appendix. This theoretical study is motivated by the investigation of the Sun's corona but the results are also relevant to laboratory plasmas.
Experimental investigation of turbulent mixing by Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Youngs, D.L.
1992-01-01
A key feature of compressible turbulent mixing is the generation of vorticity via the ∇px ∇(1/ρ) term. This source of vorticity is also present in incompressible flows involving the mixing of fluids of different density, for example Rayleigh-Taylor unstable flows. This paper gives a summary of an experimental investigation of turbulent mixing at a plane boundary between two fluids, of densities ρ 1 , and ρ 2 . (ρ 1 > ρ 2 ) due to Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The two fluids are near incompressible and mixing occurs when an approximately constant acceleration, g, is applied normal to the interface with direction from fluid 2 to fluid 1. Full details of the experimental programme are given in a set of three reports. Some of the earlier experiments are also described by Read. Previous experimental work and much of the theoretical research has concentrated on studying the growth of the instability from a single wavelength perturbation rather than turbulent mixing. Notable exceptions are published in the Russian literature. A related process, turbulent mixing induced by the passage of shock waves though an interface between fluids of different density is described by Andronov et al. The major purpose of the experiments described here was to study the evolution of the instability from small random perturbations where it is found that large and larger structures appear as time proceeds. A novel technique was used to provide the desired acceleration. The two fluids were enclosed in a rectangular tank, the lighter fluid 2 initially resting on top of the denser fluid 1. One or more rocket motors were then used to drive the tank vertically downwards. The aim of the experimental programme is to provide data for the calibration of a turbulence model used to predict mixing in real situations
Quantum effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in a horizontal inhomogeneous rotating plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hoshoudy, G. A.
2009-01-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability is studied analytically in inhomogeneous plasma rotating uniformly in an external transverse magnetic field. The influence of the quantum mechanism is considered. For a stratified layer the linear growth rate is obtained. Some special cases that isolate the effect of various parameters on the growth rate of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability are discussed. It is shown that for some cases, the presence of the external transverse magnetic field beside the quantum effect will bring about more stability on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability.
Legado filosófico en Charles Taylor: ¿Aristóteles, Hegel o Nietzsche?
Gracia Calandin, Javier
2009-01-01
En este ensayo voy a explorar el legado de Aristóteles, Hegel y Nietzsche en Taylor en relación con su enfoque moderno. Creo que rastrear las huellas de los planteamientos de aquellos filósofos ayuda a entender mejor el enfoque de Taylor y la apropiación moderna que hace de ellos. Una pregunta surge de la búsqueda tras las fuentes filosóficas del enfoque de Taylor: ¿Aristóteles, Hegel o Nietzsche? ¿O quizá ninguno? ¿O tal vez todos un poco? Vamos a ver ...
Effect of FLR correction on Rayleigh -Taylor instability of quantum and stratified plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sharma, P.K.; Tiwari, Anita; Argal, Shraddha; Chhajlani, R.K.
2013-01-01
The Rayleigh Taylor instability of stratified incompressible fluids is studied in presence of FLR Correction and quantum effects in bounded medium. The Quantum magneto hydrodynamic equations of the problem are solved by using normal mode analysis method. A dispersion relation is carried out for the case where plasma is bounded by two rigid planes z = 0 and z = h. The dispersion relation is obtained in dimensionless form to discuss the growth rate of Rayleigh Taylor instability in presence of FLR Correction and quantum effects. The stabilizing or destabilizing behavior of quantum effect and FLR correction on the Rayleigh Taylor instability is analyzed. (author)
Ablation front rayleigh taylor dispersion curve in indirect drive
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Budil, K.S.; Lasinski, B.; Edwards, M.J.; Wan, A.S.; Remington, B.A.; Weber, S.V.; Glendinning, S.G.; Suter, L.; Stry, P.
2000-01-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability, which occurs when a lower-density fluid accelerates a higher-density layer, is common in nature. At an ablation front a sharp reduction in the growth rate of the instability at short wave-lengths can occur, in marked contrast to the classical case where growth rates are highest at the shortest wavelengths. Theoretical and numerical investigations of the ablative RT instability are numerous and differ considerably on the level of stabilization expected. We present here the results of a series of laser experiments designed to probe the roll-over and cutoff region of the ablation-front RT dispersion curve in indirect drive. Aluminum foils with imposed sinusoidal perturbations ranging in wavelength from 10 to 70 pm were ablatively accelerated with a radiation drive generated in a gold cylindrical hohlraum. A strong shock wave compresses the package followed by an ∼2 ns period of roughly constant acceleration and the experiment is diagnosed via face-on radiography. Perturbations with wavelengths (ge) 20 (micro)m experienced substantial growth during the acceleration phase while shorter wavelengths showed a sharp drop off in overall growth. These experimental results compared favorably to calculations with a 2-D radiation-hydrodynamics code, however, the growth is significantly affected by the rippled shock launched by the drive. We performed numerical simulations to elucidate the influence of the rippled shock wave on the eventual growth of the perturbations, allowing comparisons to the analytic model developed by Betti et al. This combination of experiments, simulations and analytic modeling illustrates the qualitative simplicity yet quantitative complexity of the compressible RT instability. We have measured the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) dispersion curve for a radiatively-driven sample in a series of experiments on the Nova laser facility. Planar aluminum foils were ablatively-accelerated and the subsequent perturbation growth was
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bronk Katarzyna
2017-12-01
Full Text Available Margaret Cavendish (1623–1673 is nowadays remembered as one of the most outspoken female writers and playwrights of the mid-seventeenth-century; one who openly promoted women’s right to education and public displays of creativity. Thus she paved the way for other female artists, such as her near contemporary, Aphra Behn. Although in her times seen as a harmless curiosity rather than a paragon to emulate, Cavendish managed to publish her plays along with more philosophical texts. Thanks to the re-discovery of female artists by feminist revisionism, her drama is now treated as a valuable source of knowledge on the values and norms of her class, gender, and, more generally, English society in the seventeenth century.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Karen Dovell
2015-12-01
Full Text Available According to Foucault, classical authors ‘occupy a “transdiscursive” position’; in this sense, classical tradition emerges as a reference culture at different historical moments, while deriving from a shared historical a-priori, that of ancient Greece and Rome. The earliest inscriptions of ‘the classic’ defined the ‘genteel language’ of a social class (the classicii as the ideal language for a first-class writer. This connection between privileged language and class reflects an early link between aesthetics and politics, the more so as ideas about ‘the classical’ re-emerge over time. However, as Foucault makes clear, discourse can also function as a means of resistance. In Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845, Margaret Fuller draws on her classical knowledge to assert the need for women’s representation in the antebellum era.
Direct Numerical Simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Livescu, D; Wei, T; Petersen, M R
2011-01-01
The development of the Rayleigh-Taylor mixing layer is studied using data from an extensive new set of Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS), performed on the 0.5 Petaflops, 150k compute cores BG/L Dawn supercomputer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This includes a suite of simulations with grid size of 1024 2 × 4608 and Atwood number ranging from 0.04 to 0.9, in order to examine small departures from the Boussinesq approximation as well as large Atwood number effects, and a high resolution simulation of grid size 4096 2 × 4032 and Atwood number of 0.75. After the layer width had developed substantially, additional branched simulations have been run under reversed and zero gravity conditions. While the bulk of the results will be published elsewhere, here we present preliminary results on: 1) the long-standing open question regarding the discrepancy between the numerically and experimentally measured mixing layer growth rates and 2) mixing characteristics.
Regimes of the magnetized Rayleigh endash Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Winske, D.
1996-01-01
Hybrid simulations with kinetic ions and massless fluid electrons are used to investigate the linear and nonlinear behavior of the magnetized Rayleigh endash Taylor instability in slab geometry with the plasma subject to a constant gravity. Three regimes are found, which are determined by the magnitude of the complex frequency ω=ω r +iγ. For |ω| i (Ω i = ion gyrofrequency), one finds the typical behavior of the usual fluid regime, namely the development of open-quote open-quote mushroom-head close-quote close-quote spikes and bubbles in the density and a strongly convoluted boundary between the plasma and magnetic field, where the initial gradient is not relaxed much. A second regime, where |ω|∼0.1Ω i , is characterized by the importance of the Hall term. Linearly, the developing flute modes are more finger-like and tilted along the interface; nonlinearly, clump-like structures form, leading to a significant broadening of the interface. The third regime is characterized by unmagnetized ion behavior, with |ω|∼Ω i . Density clumps, rather than flutes, form in the linear stage, while nonlinearly, longer-wavelength modes that resemble those in fluid regime dominate. Finite Larmor radius stabilization of short-wavelength modes is observed in each regime. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
Magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability in solid media
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sun, Y. B.; Piriz, A. R.
2014-01-01
A linear analysis of the magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability at the interface between a Newtonian fluid and an elastic-plastic solid is performed by considering a uniform magnetic B → , parallel to the interface, which has diffused into the fluid but not into the solid. It is found that the magnetic field attributes elastic properties to the viscous fluid which enhance the stability region by stabilizing all the perturbation wavelengths shorter than λ 0 ∝B 2 for any initial perturbation amplitude. Longer wavelengths are stabilized by the mechanical properties of the solid provided that the initial perturbation wavelength is smaller than a threshold value determined by the yield strength and the shear modulus of the solid. Beyond this threshold, the amplitude grows initially with a growth rate reduced by the solid strength properties. However, such properties do not affect the asymptotic growth rate which is only determined by the magnetic field and the fluid viscosity. The described physical situation intends to resemble some of the features present in recent experiments involving the magnetic shockless acceleration of flyers plates
Potential Flow Model for Compressible Stratified Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
Rydquist, Grant; Reckinger, Scott; Owkes, Mark; Wieland, Scott
2017-11-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) is an instability that occurs when a heavy fluid lies on top of a lighter fluid in a gravitational field, or a gravity-like acceleration. It occurs in many fluid flows of a highly compressive nature. In this study potential flow analysis (PFA) is used to model the early stages of RTI growth for compressible fluids. In the localized region near the bubble tip, the effects of vorticity are negligible, so PFA is applicable, as opposed to later stages where the induced velocity due to vortices generated from the growth of the instability dominate the flow. The incompressible PFA is extended for compressibility effects by applying the growth rate and the associated perturbation spatial decay from compressible linear stability theory. The PFA model predicts theoretical values for a bubble terminal velocity for single-mode compressible RTI, dependent upon the Atwood (A) and Mach (M) numbers, which is a parameter that measures both the strength of the stratification and intrinsic compressibility. The theoretical bubble terminal velocities are compared against numerical simulations. The PFA model correctly predicts the M dependence at high A, but the model must be further extended to include additional physics to capture the behavior at low A. Undergraduate Scholars Program - Montana State University.
GRAVITATIONALLY UNSTABLE FLAMES: RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR STRETCHING VERSUS TURBULENT WRINKLING
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hicks, E. P.; Rosner, R.
2013-01-01
In this paper, we provide support for the Rayleigh-Taylor-(RT)-based subgrid model used in full-star simulations of deflagrations in Type Ia supernovae explosions. We use the results of a parameter study of two-dimensional direct numerical simulations of an RT unstable model flame to distinguish between the two main types of subgrid models (RT or turbulence dominated) in the flamelet regime. First, we give scalings for the turbulent flame speed, the Reynolds number, the viscous scale, and the size of the burning region as the non-dimensional gravity (G) is varied. The flame speed is well predicted by an RT-based flame speed model. Next, the above scalings are used to calculate the Karlovitz number (Ka) and to discuss appropriate combustion regimes. No transition to thin reaction zones is seen at Ka = 1, although such a transition is expected by turbulence-dominated subgrid models. Finally, we confirm a basic physical premise of the RT subgrid model, namely, that the flame is fractal, and thus self-similar. By modeling the turbulent flame speed, we demonstrate that it is affected more by large-scale RT stretching than by small-scale turbulent wrinkling. In this way, the RT instability controls the flame directly from the large scales. Overall, these results support the RT subgrid model.
Wave driven magnetic reconnection in the Taylor problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fitzpatrick, Richard; Bhattacharjee, Amitava; Ma Zhiwei; Linde, Timur
2003-01-01
An improved Laplace transform theory is developed in order to investigate the initial response of a stable slab plasma equilibrium enclosed by conducting walls to a suddenly applied wall perturbation in the so-called Taylor problem. The novel feature of this theory is that it does not employ asymptotic matching. If the wall perturbation is switched on slowly compared to the Alfven time then the plasma response eventually asymptotes to that predicted by conventional asymptotic matching theory. However, at early times there is a compressible Alfven wave driven contribution to the magnetic reconnection rate which is not captured by asymptotic matching theory, and leads to a significant increase in the reconnection rate. If the wall perturbation is switched on rapidly compared to the Alfven time then strongly localized compressible Alfven wave-pulses are generated which bounce backward and forward between the walls many times. Each instance these wave-pulses cross the resonant surface they generate a transient surge in the reconnection rate. The maximum pulse driven reconnection rate can be much larger than that predicted by conventional asymptotic matching theory
Modal model for the nonlinear multimode Rayleigh endash Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ofer, D.; Alon, U.; Shvarts, D.; McCrory, R.L.; Verdon, C.P.
1996-01-01
A modal model for the Rayleigh endash Taylor (RT) instability, applicable at all stages of the flow, is introduced. The model includes a description of nonlinear low-order mode coupling, mode growth saturation, and post-saturation mode coupling. It is shown to significantly extend the range of applicability of a previous model proposed by Haan, to cases where nonlinear mode generation is important. Using the new modal model, we study the relative importance of mode coupling at late nonlinear stages and resolve the difference between cases in which mode generation assumes a dominant role, leading to the late time inverse cascade of modes and loss of memory of initial conditions, and cases where mode generation is not important and memory of initial conditions is retained. Effects of finite density ratios (Atwood number A<1) are also included in the model and the difference between various measures of the mixing zone penetration depth for A<1 is discussed. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
An Instability in Stratified Taylor-Couette Flow
Swinney, Harry
2015-11-01
In the late 1950s Russell Donnelly began conducting experiments at the University of Chicago on flow between concentric rotating cylinders, and his experiments together with complementary theory by his collaborator S. Chandrasekhar did much to rekindle interest in the flow instability discovered and studied by G.I. Taylor (1923). The present study concerns an instability in a concentric cylinder system containing a fluid with an axial density gradient. In 2005 Dubrulle et al. suggested that a `stratorotational instability' (SRI) in this system could provide insight into instability and angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks. In 2007 the stratorotational instability was observed in experiments by Le Bars and Le Gal. We have conducted an experiment on the SRI in a concentric cylinder system (radius ratio η = 0 . 876) with buoyancy frequency N / 2 π = 0.25, 0.50, or 0.75 Hz. For N = 0.75 Hz we observe the SRI onset to occur for Ωouter /Ωinner > η , contrary to the prediction of Shalybkov and Rüdiger. Research conducted with Bruce Rodenborn and Ruy Ibanez.
Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities with sheared magnetic fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ruderman, M. S.; Terradas, J.; Ballester, J. L.
2014-01-01
Magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor (MRT) instabilities may play a relevant role in many astrophysical problems. In this work the effect of magnetic shear on the growth rate of the MRT instability is investigated. The eigenmodes of an interface and a slab model under the presence of gravity are analytically calculated assuming that the orientation of the magnetic field changes in the equilibrium, i.e., there is magnetic shear. We solve the linearized magnetohydrodynamic equations in the incompressible regime. We find that the growth rate is bounded under the presence of magnetic shear. We have derived simple analytical expressions for the maximum growth rate, corresponding to the most unstable mode of the system. These expressions provide the explicit dependence of the growth rate on the various equilibrium parameters. For small angles the growth time is linearly proportional to the shear angle, and in this regime the single interface problem and the slab problem tend to the same result. On the contrary, in the limit of large angles and for the interface problem the growth time is essentially independent of the shear angle. In this regime we have also been able to calculate an approximate expression for the growth time for the slab configuration. Magnetic shear can have a strong effect on the growth rates of the instability. As an application of the results found in this paper we have indirectly determined the shear angle in solar prominence threads using their lifetimes and the estimation of the Alfvén speed of the structure.
Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities with sheared magnetic fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ruderman, M. S. [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Terradas, J.; Ballester, J. L. [Departament de Física, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
2014-04-20
Magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor (MRT) instabilities may play a relevant role in many astrophysical problems. In this work the effect of magnetic shear on the growth rate of the MRT instability is investigated. The eigenmodes of an interface and a slab model under the presence of gravity are analytically calculated assuming that the orientation of the magnetic field changes in the equilibrium, i.e., there is magnetic shear. We solve the linearized magnetohydrodynamic equations in the incompressible regime. We find that the growth rate is bounded under the presence of magnetic shear. We have derived simple analytical expressions for the maximum growth rate, corresponding to the most unstable mode of the system. These expressions provide the explicit dependence of the growth rate on the various equilibrium parameters. For small angles the growth time is linearly proportional to the shear angle, and in this regime the single interface problem and the slab problem tend to the same result. On the contrary, in the limit of large angles and for the interface problem the growth time is essentially independent of the shear angle. In this regime we have also been able to calculate an approximate expression for the growth time for the slab configuration. Magnetic shear can have a strong effect on the growth rates of the instability. As an application of the results found in this paper we have indirectly determined the shear angle in solar prominence threads using their lifetimes and the estimation of the Alfvén speed of the structure.
Rayleigh-Taylor stabilization by material strength at Mbar pressures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Park, H; Lorenz, K T; Cavallo, R M; Pollaine, S M; Prisbrey, S T; Remington, B A; Rudd, R E; Becker, R C; Bernier, J V
2009-05-27
Studies of solid-state material dynamics at high pressures ({approx}1 Mbar) and ultrahigh strain rates (>10{sup 6} s{sup -1}) are performed using a unique laser based, quasi-isentropic high-pressure acceleration platform. Vanadium foils with pre-imposed sinusoidal ripples are accelerated in the solid state with this ramped high pressure drive. This causes Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability growth at the interface, where the rate of growth is sensitive to the solid-state material properties. The RT growth history is measured by face-on radiography using synchronized laser-driven x-ray backlighters at the Omega Laser. The experimental results are compared with 2D hydrodynamics simulations utilizing constitutive models of high pressure material strength. We find that the vanadium strength increases by a factor of 3.5-4 at peak pressure, compared to its ambient (undriven) strength. Both pressure hardening and strain rate hardening are the suggested cause for this increase in strength. An analysis treating strength as an effective lattice viscosity finds that a viscosity of {approx}400 poise is required to reproduce our RT data.
Magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor Instability in Radiative Flows
Yaghoobi, Asiyeh; Shadmehri, Mohsen
2018-03-01
We present a linear analysis of the radiative Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability in the presence of magnetic field for both optically thin and thick regimes. When the flow is optically thin, magnetic field not only stabilizes perturbations with short wavelengths, but also growth rate of the instability at long wavelengths is reduced compared to a nonmagnetized case. Then, we extend our analysis to the optically thick flows with a conserved total specific entropy and properties of the unstable perturbations are investigated in detail. Growth rate of the instability at short wavelengths is suppressed due to the presence of the magnetic field, however, growth rate is nearly constant at long wavelengths because of the radiation field. Since the radiative bubbles around massive protostars are subject to the RT instability, we also explore implications of our results in this context. In the nonmagnetized case, the growth time-scale of the instability for a typical bubble is found less than one thousand years which is very short compared to the typical star formation time-scale. Magnetic field with a reasonable strength significantly increases the growth time-scale to more than hundreds of thousands years. The instability, furthermore, is more efficient at large wavelengths, whereas in the non-magnetized case, growth rate at short wavelengths is more significant.
Anisotropic particles in highly turbulent Taylor-Couette flow
Bakhuis, Dennis; Verschoof, Ruben A.; Mathai, Varghese; Huisman, Sander G.; Lohse, Detlef; Sun, Chao
2017-11-01
In industry and nature, particle-laden turbulent flows consist mostly, if not always, of anisotropic particles. Examples of such flows are plankton distributions in the oceans, and pumping of concrete. In these flows, the suspended particles often distribute inhomogeneously, thereby affecting the drag and the flow properties significantly. Despite their widespread occurrence, a good understanding of how such particles affect the flow is still missing. Here we performed Particle Tracking Velocimetry and global torque measurements for a suspension of rigid fibers (or rods) in the Twente Turbulent Taylor-Couette facility. The fibers are density matched with the fluid, and we used particle volume fractions up to α = 2 % of fibers with aspect ratio λ = L / d = 5 , where L = 5 mm is the length and d = 1 mm the diameter. The global torque measurements were performed for Reynolds numbers up to 2.5 ×105 and showed similar values of drag reduction as was obtained for spherical particles (λ = 1). Using PTV we have extracted the orientation, the rotation rate, and the translation velocity and acceleration for the fibers. The fibers do not show a clear alignment with the main velocity gradient. We do, however, observe occasional large rotation rates for the fibers. This work is financially supported by Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) by VIDI Grant Number 13477.
Rigid spherical particles in highly turbulent Taylor-Couette flow
Bakhuis, Dennis; Verschoof, Ruben A.; Mathai, Varghese; Huisman, Sander G.; Lohse, Detlef; Sun, Chao
2016-11-01
Many industrial and maritime processes are subject to enormous frictional losses. Reducing these losses even slightly will already lead to large financial and environmental benefits. The understanding of the underlying physical mechanism of frictional drag reduction is still limited, for example, in bubbly drag reduction there is an ongoing debate whether deformability and bubble size are the key parameters. In this experimental study we report high precision torque measurements using rigid non-deformable spherical particles in highly turbulent Taylor-Couette flow with Reynolds numbers up to 2 ×106 . The particles are made of polystyrene with an average density of 1.036 g cm-3 and three different diameters: 8mm, 4mm, and 1.5mm. Particle volume fractions of up to 6% were used. By varying the particle diameter, density ratio of the particles and the working fluid, and volume fraction of the particles, the effect on the torque is compared to the single phase case. These systematic measurements show that adding rigid spherical particles only results in very minor drag reduction. This work is financially supported by Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) by VIDI Grant Number 13477.
Taylor dispersion and the optimization of residential geothermal heating systems
Townsend, Jessica; Ortan, Alexandra; Quenneville-Belair, Vincent; Tilley, B. S.
2008-11-01
Residential geothermal heating systems have been developed over the past few decades as an alternative to fossil-fuel based heating. These systems consist of tubing (2 cm radius, 1 km in length) buried below the ground surface through which a coolant flows. Tube length has a direct correlation to installation cost. The temperature of this fluid rises as it flows through the tubing, and the energy from this temperature difference is utilized to heat the residence. As a first model, we consider a single tube of fluid encased in an infinite medium of soil, with the goal to find the minimum length over which temperature variations occur. Through lubrication theory, we derive an evolution equation for the local soil temperature near the tubing. We find that Taylor dispersion of heat in the fluid and thermostat frequency dictate the minimum tubing length needed for successful operation in an insulated subsystem. Next, matched asymptotics is used to incorporate far-field temperature variations. Comparison of our model with experiment is presented.
Direct numerical simulation of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability with the spectral element method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang Xu; Tan Duowang
2009-01-01
A novel method is proposed to simulate Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities using a specially-developed unsteady three-dimensional high-order spectral element method code. The numerical model used consists of Navier-Stokes equations and a transport-diffusive equation. The code is first validated with the results of linear stability perturbation theory. Then several characteristics of the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities are studied using this three-dimensional unsteady code, including instantaneous turbulent structures and statistical turbulent mixing heights under different initial wave numbers. These results indicate that turbulent structures of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities are strongly dependent on the initial conditions. The results also suggest that a high-order numerical method should provide the capability of simulating small scale fluctuations of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities of turbulent flows. (authors)
Direct Numerical Simulation of the Rayleigh−Taylor Instability with the Spectral Element Method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Xu, Zhang; Duo-Wang, Tan
2009-01-01
A novel method is proposed to simulate Rayleigh−Taylor instabilities using a specially-developed unsteady three-dimensional high-order spectral element method code. The numerical model used consists of Navier–Stokes equations and a transport-diffusive equation. The code is first validated with the results of linear stability perturbation theory. Then several characteristics of the Rayleigh−Taylor instabilities are studied using this three-dimensional unsteady code, including instantaneous turbulent structures and statistical turbulent mixing heights under different initial wave numbers. These results indicate that turbulent structures of Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities are strongly dependent on the initial conditions. The results also suggest that a high-order numerical method should provide the capability of simulating small scale fluctuations of Rayleigh−Taylor instabilities of turbulent flows. (fundamental areas of phenomenology (including applications))
Methyl Chloride Measurements in the Taylor Dome M3C1 Ice Core, Version 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set includes methyl chloride (CH3CI) measurements made on air extracted from 62 samples from the Taylor Dome M3C1 ice core in East Antarctica. CH3CI was...
Measuring Taylor Slough Boundary and Internal Flows, Everglades National Park, Florida
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
2001-01-01
Four intensive data-collection efforts, intended to represent the spectrum of precipitation events and associated flow conditions,were conducted during 1997 and 1998 in the Taylor Slough Basin, Everglades National Park...
Rayleigh Taylor instability of two superposed compressible fluids in un-magnetized plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sharma, P K; Tiwari, A; Argal, S; Chhajlani, R K
2014-01-01
The linear Rayleigh Taylor instability of two superposed compressible Newtonian fluids is discussed with the effect of surface tension which can play important roles in space plasma. As in both the superposed Newtonian fluids, the system is stable for potentially stable case and unstable for potentially unstable case in the present problem also. The equations of the problem are solved by normal mode method and a dispersion relation is obtained for such a system. The behaviour of growth rate is examined in the presence of surface tension and it is found that the surface tension has stabilizing influence on the Rayleigh Taylor instability of two superposed compressible fluids. Numerical analysis is performed to show the effect of sound velocity and surface tension on the growth rate of Rayleigh Taylor instability. It is found that both parameters have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of Rayleigh Taylor instability.
Civil-Military Relations and Gen. Maxwell Taylor: Getting It Right and Getting It Wrong
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Tart, Randal
1997-01-01
... are paid. In the first situation, Taylor got his civil-military relations right, even though he fought a losing battle with President Eisenhower over Ike's dangerous defense strategy of 'massive retaliation...
Stable Isotopes of Ice on the Surface of Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, Version 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains Oxygen and Deuterium isotope ratios for approximately 980 sites on the surface of the ablation zone of Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. The data...
Nonlinear Rayleigh–Taylor instability of the cylindrical fluid flow with ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Taylor instability, fluid flow, mathematical methods, Ginzburg--Landau equation ... 1Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Taibah University, Al-Ula, Saudi Arabia; Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, ...
Slavnov-Taylor1.0: A Mathematica package for computation in BRST formalism
Picariello, Marco; Picariello, Marco; Torrente-Lujan, Emilio
2004-01-01
Slavnov-Taylor1.0 is a Mathematica package which allows us to perform automatic simbolic computation in BRST formalism. This article serves as a self-contained guide to prospective users, and indicates the conventions and approximations used.
Numerical Simulation and Flow Behaviors of Taylor Flow in Co-Axial Rotating Cylinder
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sheng Chung Tzeng
2014-04-01
Full Text Available This work uses the incense as the trace of flow to perform flow visualization of Taylor-Couette flow. The test section was made of a rotational inner cylinder and a stationary outer cylinder. Two modes of inner cylinder were employed. One had a smooth wall, and the other had an annular ribbed wall. Clear and complete Taylor vortices were investigated in both smooth and ribbed wall of co-axial rotating cylinder. Besides, a steady-state, axis-symmetrical numerical model was provided to simulate the present flow field. The Taylor vortices could be also successfully predicted. However, the assumption of steady-state flow might reduce some flow perturbations, resulting in an over-predicted critical Taylor number. A transient simulation is suggested to be performed in the future.
Effects of thermal conduction and compressibility on Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takabe, Hideaki; Mima, Kunioki.
1980-01-01
In order to study the stability of the ablation front in laser driven implosion, the thermal conduction and compressibility effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability are considered. It is found that the thermal conduction effect cannot stabilize the Rayleigh-Taylor mode, but reduce the growth rate in the short wavelength case. But, the growth rate is found not to differ from the classical value √gk in the long wavelength limit, where the compressibility is essential. (author)
Validation of the material point method and plasticity with Taylor impact tests
Banerjee, Biswajit
2012-01-01
Taylor impacts tests were originally devised to determine the dynamic yield strength of materials at moderate strain rates. More recently, such tests have been used extensively to validate numerical codes for the simulation of plastic deformation. In this work, we use the material point method to simulate a number of Taylor impact tests to compare different Johnson-Cook, Mechanical Threshold Stress, and Steinberg-Guinan-Cochran plasticity models and the vob Mises and Gurson-Tvergaard-Needlema...
Measuring Nominal and Real Convergence of Selected CEE Countries by the Taylor Rule
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Böing Tobias
2016-12-01
Full Text Available We propose using a simple Taylor rule to evaluate business cycle convergence of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland with the Eurozone. Our findings indicate an ongoing convergence of those CEE countries to the Eurozone, but with instabilities and heterogeneity between the countries. Especially Poland has shown a high degree of convergence in recent years. But there are still relevant differences in Taylor rates of each country to the Eurozone of about two percentage points.
Real-time Taylor rules and the federal funds futures market
Charles L. Evans
1998-01-01
This article compares movements in the federal funds rate from 1987 through 1997 with predictions from the federal funds market and a Taylor rule using unemployment and core CPI data. Although a Taylor rule using revised data does about as well as the futures market predictions, the best real-time predictions would have produced forecast errors about 50 percent larger than the futures data.
Understanding turbulent free-surface vortex flows using a Taylor-Couette flow analogy.
Mulligan, Sean; De Cesare, Giovanni; Casserly, John; Sherlock, Richard
2018-01-16
Free-surface vortices have long been studied to develop an understanding of similar rotating flow phenomena observed in nature and technology. However, a complete description of its turbulent three-dimensional flow field still remains elusive. In contrast, the related Taylor-Couette flow system has been well explicated which classically exhibits successive instability phases manifested in so-called Taylor vortices. In this study, observations made on the turbulent free-surface vortex revealed distinguishable, time-dependent "Taylor-like" vortices in the secondary flow field similar to the Taylor-Couette flow system. The observations were enabled by an original application of 2D ultrasonic Doppler velocity profiling complemented with laser induced fluorescence dye observations. Additional confirmation was provided by three-dimensional numerical simulations. Using Rayleigh's stability criterion, we analytically show that a wall bounded free-surface vortex can indeed become unstable due to a centrifugal driving force in a similar manner to the Taylor-Couette flow. Consequently, it is proposed that the free-surface vortex can be treated analogously to the Taylor-Couette flow permitting advanced conclusions to be drawn on its flow structure and the various states of free-surface vortex flow stability.
Taylor rule and EMU Monetary Policy Determination and ECB's Preferences
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Svatopluk Kapounek
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of the article is to evaluate the preferences of the ECB in monetary policy and to compare them with preferences of the central banks of new EU member countries from Central and Eastern Europe. The ECB's responsibility for the primary objective (price stability often contrasts with the requirement for economic growth stabilization policy from the national governments. There are doubts if the current members of Eurozone constitute an optimum currency area (the Eurozone 12 is recently the combination of rapidly growing and slow-growing - low inflationary countries. The differences between the countries will even expand during the European monetary union enlargement by new EU member countries. Consequently the probability of asymmetric shocks will increase. The main question is the ability of ECB to fulfill the needs of all EMU member countries in terms of optimal monetary policy. In the first part the authors analyze differences between the preferences of the ECB and national authorities (governments. The negative experiences of Ireland, Italy and other EMU members with current status quo help us to understand fear of future member countries from possible impact of common monetary policy on their national economies. The second part of the paper deals with interest rates determination by ECB and compares it with expectations (requirements from EMU member and EMU candidate countries. The main contribution of the article may be seen in central bank's preferences analyses – the preferences are defined as the parameters in Taylor rule (the weights given by ECB and national authorities to the price stability and economic growth stimulation. The hypothesis is defined as following: are the preferences of ECB in line with the preferences of national central banks of EMU candidate countries? The empirical analysis is based on the Taylor rule decomposition. The hypothesis is tested by regression analysis. Time series regression model uses relations
Enhanced mixing in two-phase Taylor-Couette flows
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dherbecourt, Diane
2015-01-01
In the scope of the nuclear fuel reprocessing, Taylor-Couette flows between two concentric cylinders (the inner one in rotation and the outer one at rest) are used at laboratory scale to study the performances of new liquid/liquid extraction processes. Separation performances are strongly related to the mixing efficiency, the quantification of the latter is therefore of prime importance. A previous Ph.D. work has related the mixing properties to the hydrodynamics parameters in single-phase flow, using both experimental and numerical investigations. The Reynolds number, flow state and vortices height (axial wavelength) impacts were thus highlighted. This Ph.D. work extends the previous study to two-phase configurations. For experimental simplification, and to avoid droplets coalescence or breakage, spherical solid particles of PMMA from 800 μm to 1500 μm diameter are used to model rigid droplets. These beads are suspended in an aqueous solution of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and potassium Thiocyanate (KSCN). The experimental setup uses coupled Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) to access simultaneously the hydrodynamic and the mixing properties. Although the two phases are carefully chosen to match in density and refractive index, these precautions are not sufficient to ensure a good measurement quality, and a second PLIF channel is added to increase the precision of the mixing quantification. The classical PLIF channel monitors the evolution of Rhodamine WT concentration, while the additional PLIF channel is used to map a Fluorescein dye, which is homogeneously concentrated inside the gap. This way, a dynamic mask of the bead positions can be created and used to correct the Rhodamine WT raw images. Thanks to this experimental setup, a parametric study of the particles size and concentration is achieved. A double effect of the dispersed phase is evidenced. On one hand, the particles affect the flow hydrodynamic properties
Rayleigh-Taylor Instability Evolution in Ablatively Driven Cylindrical Implosions^*,**
Hsing, W. W.
1996-11-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability is an important limitation in ICF capsule designs. Significant work both theoretically and experimentally has been done to demonstrate the stabilizing effects due to material flow through the unstable region. The experimental verification has been done predominantly in planar geometry. Convergent geometry introduces effects not present in planar geometry such as shell thickening and accelerationless growth of modal amplitudes (e.g. Bell-Plesset growth). Amplitude thresholds for the nonlinear regime are reduced, since the wavelength of a mode m decreases with convergence λ ~ r/m, where r is the radius. We have investigated convergent effects using an imploding cylinder driven by x-ray ablation on the NOVA laser. By doping sections of the cylinder with high-Z materials, in conjunction with x-ray backlighting, we have measured the growth and feedthrough of the perturbations from the ablation front to the inner surface of the cylinder for various initial modes and amplitudes from early time through stagnation. Mode coupling of illumination asymmetries with material perturbations is observed, as well as phase reversal of the perturbations from near the ablation front to the inner surface of the cylinder. Imaging is performed with an x-ray pinhole camera coupled to a gated microchannel plate detector. In collaboration with C. W. Barnes, J. B. Beck, N. Hoffman (LANL), D. Galmiche, A. Richard (CEA/L-V), J. Edwards, P. Graham, B. Thomas (AWE). ^**This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the Los Alamos National Laboratory under Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36.
RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY IN PARTIALLY IONIZED COMPRESSIBLE PLASMAS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diaz, A. J. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205, C/ Via Lactea, s/n, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Soler, R. [Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Ballester, J. L., E-mail: tdiaz@iac.es, E-mail: roberto.soler@wis.kuleuven.be, E-mail: dfsjlb0@uib.es [Departament de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
2012-07-20
We study the modification of the classical criterion for the linear onset and growing rate of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) in a partially ionized plasma in the two-fluid description. The plasma is composed of a neutral fluid and an electron-ion fluid, coupled by means of particle collisions. The governing linear equations and appropriate boundary conditions, including gravitational terms, are derived and applied to the case of the RTI in a single interface between two partially ionized plasmas. The limits of collisionless, no gravity, and incompressible fluids are checked before addressing the general case. We find that both compressibility and ion-neutral collisions lower the linear growth rate, but do not affect the critical threshold of the onset of the RTI. The configuration is always unstable when a lighter plasma is below a heavier plasma regardless the value of the magnetic field strength, the ionization degree, and the ion-neutral collision frequency. However, ion-neutral collisions have a strong impact on the RTI growth rate, which can be decreased by an order of magnitude compared to the value in the collisionless case. Ion-neutral collisions are necessary to accurately describe the evolution of the RTI in partially ionized plasmas such as prominences. The timescale for the development of the instability is much longer than in the classical incompressible fully ionized case. This result may explain the existence of prominence fine structures with life times of the order of 30 minutes. The timescales derived from the classical theory are about one order of magnitude shorter and incompatible with the observed life times.
Geology of Mt. Taylor uranium mine, Grants, New Mexico
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alief, M.H.; Kern, R.A.
1989-01-01
The Mt. Taylor uranium mine is located 25 mi due northeast of Grants, New Mexico. Gulf Mineral Resources attained interest in the property in 1971. Surface drilling outlined several orebodies extending for 7 mi and containing over 120 million lb of uranium oxide (U 3 O 8 ). Gulf sank two shafts and developed the orebody in Sec. 24, T13N, R8W. Due to depressed markets, the mine was shut down in 1982. Chevron reopened the mine in 1985 following the 1984 Gulf-Chevron merger. The uranium ore occurs in the Westwater Canyon Sandstone Member of the Jurassic Morrison Formation. The Westwater Canyon member was deposited as part of a braided-stream channel system. Mineralization was emplaced following the deposition and possibly prior to consolidation of the host. Uranium is intimately associated with carbonaceous matter that may have been deposited as humates prior to and/or contemporaneous with the uranium mineralization. Mineralization coats sand grains and fills intergranular voids. Since 1985, Chevron has produced more than 5 million lb of U 3 O 8 , most of it from Sec. 24 and Sec. 19 (T13N, R7W). Plans are to complete extraction in these sections and to continue southeasterly into Sec. 25 (T13N, R8W) and Sec. 30 (T13N, R7W). More than 40 million lb of U 3 O 8 may be mined from the present facilities. At the current mining rate of 1.5 million lb/year, supplies should take them well beyond the year 2000
Approximate expressions for the period of a simple pendulum using a Taylor series expansion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Belendez, Augusto; Marquez, Andres; Ortuno, Manuel; Gallego, Sergi [Departamento de Fisica, IngenierIa de Sistemas y TeorIa de la Senal, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain); Arribas, Enrique, E-mail: a.belendez@ua.es [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Escuela Superior de IngenierIa Informatica, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda de Espana, s/n, E-02071 Albacete (Spain)
2011-09-15
An approximate scheme for obtaining the period of a simple pendulum for large-amplitude oscillations is analysed and discussed. When students express the exact frequency or the period of a simple pendulum as a function of the oscillation amplitude, and they are told to expand this function in a Taylor series, they always do so using the oscillation amplitude as the variable, without considering that if they change the variable (in this paper to the new variable m), a different Taylor series expansion may be performed which is in addition more accurate than previously published ones. Students tend to believe that there is one and only one way of performing a Taylor series expansion of a specific function. The approximate analytical formula for the period is obtained by means of a Taylor expansion of the exact frequency taking into account the Kidd-Fogg formula for the period. This approach based on the Taylor expansion of the frequency about a suitable value converges quickly even for large amplitudes. We believe that this method may be very useful for teaching undergraduate courses on classical mechanics and helping students understand nonlinear oscillations of a simple pendulum.
A numerical study of three-dimensional bubble merger in the Rayleigh endash Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, X.L.
1996-01-01
The Rayleigh endash Taylor instability arises when a heavy fluid adjacent to a light fluid is accelerated in a direction against the density gradient. Under this unstable configuration, a perturbation mode of small amplitude grows into bubbles of the light fluid and spikes of the heavy fluid. Taylor discovered the steady state motion with constant velocity for a single bubble or periodic bubbles in the Rayleigh endash Taylor instability. Read and Youngs studied the motion of a randomly perturbed fluid interface in the Rayleigh endash Taylor instability. They reported constant acceleration for the overall bubble envelope. Bubble merger is believed to cause the transition from constant velocity to constant acceleration. In this paper, we present a numerical study of this important physical phenomenon. It analyzes the physical process of bubble merger and the relationship between the horizontal bubble expansion and the vertical interface acceleration. A dynamic bubble velocity, beyond Taylor close-quote s steady state value, is observed during the merger process. It is believed that this velocity is due to the superposition of the bubble velocity with a secondary subharmonic unstable mode. The numerical results are compared with experiments. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
Velocity and magnetic field measurements of Taylor plumes in SSX under different boundary conditions
Kaur, Manjit; Brown, M. R.; Han, J.; Shrock, J. E.; Schaffner, D. A.
2016-10-01
The SSX device has been modified by the addition of a 1 m long glass extension for accommodating pulsed theta pinch coils. The Taylor plumes are launched from a magnetized plasma gun and flow to an expansion volume downstream. The time of flight (TOF) measurements of these plumes are carried out using a linear array of Ḃ probes (separated by 10cm). TOF of the plasma plumes from one probe location to the next is determined by direct comparison of the magnetic field structures as well as by carrying out a cross-correlation analysis. With the glass boundary, the typical velocity of the Taylor plumes is found to be 25km /s , accompanied by a fast plasma (>= 50km /s) at the leading edge. Magnetic field embedded in the Taylor plumes is measured in the expansion chamber using a three-dimensional array of Ḃ probes and is found to be 700G . Some flux conservation of the Taylor plumes is provided by using a resistive (soak time 3 μs) and a mesh (soak time 170 μs > discharge time) liner around the glass tube for improving the downstream Taylor state velocity as well as the magnetic field. The results from these different boundary conditions will be presented. Work supported by DOE OFES and ARPA-E ALPHA programs.
Reconnaissance and deep-drill site selection on Taylor Dome, Antarctica
Grootes, Pieter M.; Waddington, Edwin D.
1993-01-01
Taylor Dome is a small ice dome near the head of Taylor Valley, Southern Victoria Land. The location of the dome, just west of the Transantarctic Mountains, is expected to make the composition of the accumulating snow sensitive to changes in the extent of the Ross Ice Shelf. Thus, it is linked to the discharge of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet but protected against direct influences of glacial-interglacial sea-level rise. The record of past climatic and environmental changes in the ice provides a valuable complement to the radiocarbon-dated proxy record of climate derived from perched deltas, strandlines, and moraines that have been obtained in the nearby Dry Valleys. We carried out a reconnaissance of the Taylor Dome area over the past two field seasons to determine the most favorable location to obtain a deep core to bedrock. A stake network has been established with an 80-km line roughly along the crest of Taylor Dome, and 40-km lines parallel to it and offset by 10 km. These lines have been surveyed 1990/91, and the positions of 9 grid points have been determined with geoceivers. A higher density stake network was placed and surveyed around the most likely drill area in the second year. Ground-based radar soundings in both years provided details on bedrock topography and internal layering of the ice in the drill area. An airborne radar survey in January 1992, completed the radar coverage of the Taylor Dome field area.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Olivier Caporossi
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Le cinéma noir américain des années 1940 trouve dans l’œuvre d’Anthony Mann, La brigade du suicide (T-Men de 1948 un écho original dans la représentation de la psychologie du criminel et la définition d’un crime très particulier : le faux monnayage. Ancien décorateur et metteur en scène de théâtre, Anthony Mann (1906-1967 a travaillé successivement pour la Paramount, la RKO puis la Republic. Remarqué pour ses comédies musicales depuis 1942, c’est néanmoins dans le thriller qu’il acquiert un...
Effect of weak geometrical forcing on the stability of Taylor-vortex flow
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pan Xiaolong; Khayat, Roger E
2008-01-01
Linear stability analysis of fully developed axisymmetric steady and spatially modulated Taylor-Couette flow is carried out in the narrow-gap limit. The inner cylinder is sinusoidally modulated and rotating, while the outer cylinder is straight and at rest. The modulation amplitude is assumed to be small, and the base steady flow is determined using a regular perturbation expansion of the flow field coupled to a variable-step finite-difference scheme. The disturbance flow equations are derived within the framework of Floquet theory and solved using a nonlinear two-point boundary-value approach. In contrast to unforced Taylor-Couette flow, only vortical base flow is possible in the forced case. It is found that the forcing tends to generally destabilize the base flow, especially around the critical point. Both the critical Taylor number and wavenumber are found to decrease essentially linearly with modulation amplitude.
Stability of an expanding cylindrical plasma envelope: Rayleigh--Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Han, S.J.
1982-01-01
The stability of a cylindrically symmetric plasma envelope driven outward by blast waves is considered. The plasma fluid is assumed to be a compressible, isentropic gas describable as an ideal gas ( p = arho/sup γ/, γ>1). The stability problem of such an envelope undergoing self-similar motion is solved by considering the initial-value problem. It is shown that in the early phase of an expansion, the envelope is unstable to Rayleigh--Taylor modes which develop at the inner surface. In the later phase of the expansion, the Rayleigh--Taylor modes are weakened due to the geometrical divergence effect. The implications of the time-dependent behavior of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability for plasma switches are discussed
Ductile damage in Taylor-anvil and rod-on-rod impact experiment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Iannitti, G; Bonora, N; Ruggiero, A; Testa, G
2014-01-01
At equivalent impact velocity, pressure in Taylor and ROR impact experiment is not the same and this reflects in the resulting condition for ductile damage development. In this work, finite element parametric simulation was performed to investigate pressure wave development as a function of material and target work hardening curve. Using the Bonora damage model, the impact velocity necessary for generating ductile damage in high purity copper was assessed. Taylor and ROR experiments were performed at different equivalent impact velocities and metallographic investigation were performed on impacted samples in order to validate damage model predictions. Results seems to indicate that ROR configuration is more appropriate for 2damage model validation while the Taylor anvil is more suitable for strength model assessment.
Ductile damage in Taylor-anvil and rod-on-rod impact experiment
Iannitti, G.; Bonora, N.; Ruggiero, A.; Testa, G.
2014-05-01
At equivalent impact velocity, pressure in Taylor and ROR impact experiment is not the same and this reflects in the resulting condition for ductile damage development. In this work, finite element parametric simulation was performed to investigate pressure wave development as a function of material and target work hardening curve. Using the Bonora damage model, the impact velocity necessary for generating ductile damage in high purity copper was assessed. Taylor and ROR experiments were performed at different equivalent impact velocities and metallographic investigation were performed on impacted samples in order to validate damage model predictions. Results seems to indicate that ROR configuration is more appropriate for 2damage model validation while the Taylor anvil is more suitable for strength model assessment.
Effect of magnetic field on Rayleigh-Taylor instability of two superposed fluids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sharma, P K; Tiwari, Anita; Chhajlani, R K
2012-01-01
The effect of two dimensional magnetic field on the Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) instability in an incompressible plasma is investigated to include simultaneously the effects of suspended particles and the porosity of the medium. The relevant linearized perturbation equations have been solved. The explicit expression of the linear growth rate is obtained in the presence of fixed boundary conditions. A stability criterion for the medium is derived and discussed the Rayleigh Taylor instabilities in different configurations. It is found that the basic Rayleigh-Taylor instability condition is modified by the presence of magnetic field, suspended particles and porosity of the medium. In case of an unstable R-T configuration, the magnetic field has a stabilizing effect on the system. It is also found that the growth rate of an unstable R-T mode decreases with increasing relaxation frequency thereby showing a stabilizing influence on the R-T configuration.
Process development of starch hydrolysis using mixing characteristics of Taylor vortices.
Masuda, Hayato; Horie, Takafumi; Hubacz, Robert; Ohmura, Naoto; Shimoyamada, Makoto
2017-04-01
In food industries, enzymatic starch hydrolysis is an important process that consists of two steps: gelatinization and saccharification. One of the major difficulties in designing the starch hydrolysis process is the sharp change in its rheological properties. In this study, Taylor-Couette flow reactor was applied to continuous starch hydrolysis process. The concentration of reducing sugar produced via enzymatic hydrolysis was evaluated by varying operational variables: rotational speed of the inner cylinder, axial velocity (reaction time), amount of enzyme, and initial starch content in the slurry. When Taylor vortices were formed in the annular space, efficient hydrolysis occurred because Taylor vortices improved the mixing of gelatinized starch with enzyme. Furthermore, a modified inner cylinder was proposed, and its mixing performance was numerically investigated. The modified inner cylinder showed higher potential for enhanced mixing of gelatinized starch and the enzyme than the conventional cylinder.
A modified Taylor rule for dealing with demand shocks and uncertain potential macroeconomic output
Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose; Ibarra-Valdez, Carlos; Fernandez-Anaya, Guillermo; Villarreal, Francisco
2008-02-01
A critical issue for central banks in modern economies is the inflation stabilization about a prescribed level. The best-known simple instrumental rule to guide monetary policy to control inflation is the Taylor rule, where the instrument (e.g., a short interest rate) responds to changes in the inflation and the output gaps. The objective of this paper is to introduce some modifications to the Taylor rule in order to improve its robustness with respect to uncertainties about potential output and unanticipated shocks. To this end, departing from feedback control theory, the Taylor rule is equipped with an adaptive control scheme to reject the adverse effects of shocks and to estimate the deviations of the potential output. It is shown that the proposed adaptation procedure is equivalent to a classical integral feedback controller whose characteristics and implementation issues are well understood in practical control engineering. Singular perturbation methods are used to establish the stability properties of the resulting control system.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maricel Oró-Piqueras
2012-11-01
Full Text Available If the old body is usually read as a synonym of fragility and upcoming illness, even though not the case for most elderly citizens, the reality is that the longer we live, the increased probability of being affected by different illnesses cannot be eluded or denied. In Doris Lessing’s The Diary of a Good Neighbour and Margaret Forster’s Have the Men Had Enough? the reader is invited to participate in the day-to-day routines of two aged female protagonists, as well as to empathize with their inner feelings as they go through their last life stage. In fact, their ‘dys-appearing’ bodies, marked by their respective terminal illnesses, force these characters to grow closer to those around them and to accept the help of their families and friends, despite their desire to keep their free will and independence until the very end. The analysis of the two novels within the framework of ageing studies aims to show the contradictions existing between a growing ageing society and the negative cultural connotations of old age in Western society and the need to revise them.
Lawson, Ian
2015-12-01
This paper investigates Margaret Cavendish's characterization of experimental philosophers as hybrids of bears and men in her 1666 story The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World. By associating experimental philosophers, in particular Robert Hooke and his microscope, with animals familiar to her readers from the sport of bear-baiting, Cavendish constructed an identity for the fellows of the Royal Society of London quite unlike that which they imagined for themselves. Recent scholarship has illustrated well how Cavendish's opposition to experimental philosophy is linked to her different natural-philosophical, political and anthropological ideas. My contribution to this literature is to examine the meanings both of bears in early modern England and of microscopes in experimental rhetoric, in order to illustrate the connection that Cavendish implies between the two. She parodied Hooke's idea that his microscope extended his limited human senses, and mocked his aim that by so doing he could produce useful knowledge. The bear-men reflect inhuman ambition and provide a caution against ignoring both the order of English society and the place of humans in nature.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arriagada, R.; Mouriesse, H.; Sarrazin, D.; Clark, R.M.; Deboer, G.
1985-01-01
This retrospective study involved 463 breast cancer patients treated by radiotherapy alone at the Princess Margaret Hospital and at the Institut Gustave-Roussy. These patients either had operable tumors, but were unfit for general anesthesia, or had inoperable tumors due to local contraindications to surgery. Results were analyzed according to tumor response, local recurrence rate, tumor size, tumor fixation, nodal fixation and tumor dose. Conventional statistical analysis of local control showed two significant factors: tumor dose and tumor size. Multivariate analysis permitted to define an ''individual risk'' (IR) of local recurrence according to three independent factors: tumor size, tumor fixation, and nodal fixation. It was shown that the IR was a good prognostic factor for local control. Increase in tumor dose gave a similar effect in the local recurrence relative risk for all the IR groups. According to the slope of the dose-effect curve, it was deduced that a dose increase of 15 Gy can decrease the relative risk of local recurrence 2-fold. In fact, it was shown that tumor dose was the most significant independent factor on local control, able to produce up to a 10-fold increase compared to 2-fold decrease for tumor size. If the IR of local recurrence is known, a theoretical predictive value on local control, taking into account the tumor dose, can be determined according to the present data
Perkinson, Margaret A; Solimeo, Samantha L
2014-02-01
Although the discipline of anthropology has much to contribute to the understanding of the nature and experience of aging, it is a relative latecomer to gerontology. After briefly discussing why this is the case, the authors discuss the contributions of two anthropologists who brought a substantive anthropological voice to gerontological discussion of aging. Examining the "ancestral roots" of the anthropology of aging, we spotlight the intellectual heritage of Margaret Clark, arguably the "mother" of this anthropological subfield, and that of Sharon Kaufman, her student, colleague, and a pioneer in her own right. Clark and Anderson's Culture and aging: an anthropological study of older Americans (1967; Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas) remains a touchstone for the concept of situated aging. This examination of value orientations and mental health of older San Franciscans is foundational for understanding aging as an interactive, socially embedded process that is adapted to specific sociocultural contexts. Research and therapies grounded in narrativity and meaning benefit from Sharon Kaufman's The ageless self: sources of meaning in late life (1986; Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press), which articulated narrative thinking as a conduit for understanding, performing, and constructing identity and meaning. Kaufman's work has ongoing relevance to gerontological research on embodiment, chronic illness, and later life social transitions. Their research has continued relevance to contemporary gerontological scholarship and practice, signaling both prevailing and emergent agendas for anthropologically informed gerontology.
The Contribution of F.W. Taylor to Industrial and Organizational Psychology
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E. C. Thomas
1982-11-01
In die artikel word getoon dat F.W. Taylor die erkende "vader van wetenskaplike bestuur" ook erkenning behoort te geniet as grondlegger van die Bedryf en -organisasiesielkunde. Sy werk op die terreine van prestasiemotivering en tevredenheid, opleiding, plasing van werkers, bestuurs- en organisasieontwikkeling en arbeidsverhoudinge het waarskynlik die werk van erkende sielkundiges op hierdie gebiede vooruitgeloop, of grondslag daarvoor gelê. Daar word tot die slotsom gekom dat alhoewel Taylor nie 'n opgeleide sielkundige was nie, hy en sy kollegas erkenning moet kry vir die praktiese implimentering van die beginsels en teorieë van die moderne Bedryf- en Organisasiesielkunde.
Influence of a magnetic field on the Taylor instability in magnetic fluids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vislovich, A.N.
1986-01-01
The influence of a magnetic field on the stability of Couette flow between rotating cylinders is investigated in the narrow gap approximation. The governing mechanism of the instability is the classical Taylor mechanism. It was shown that rotation of the outer cylinder in the same direction as the inner does not result in a qualitative change in the structure of the theshold perturbations. When the cylinders rotate in different directions in an ordinary fluid, the Taylor vortices develop in the domain of the gap between the inner cylinder and the fluid layer for which v 0 = 0
Synchrotron radiation microtomography of Taylor bubbles in capillary two-phase flow
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Boden, Stephan; Santos Rolo, Tomy dos; Baumbach, Tilo; Hampel, Uwe
2014-01-01
We report on a study to measure the three-dimensional shape of Taylor bubbles in capillaries using synchrotron radiation in conjunction with ultrafast radiographic imaging. Moving Taylor bubbles in 2-mm round and square capillaries were radiographically scanned with an ultrahigh frame rate of up to 36,000 fps and 5.6-μm pixel separation. Consecutive images were properly processed to yield 2D transmission radiographs of high contrast-to-noise ratio. Application of 3D tomographic image reconstruction disclosed the 3D bubble shape. The results provide a reference data base for development of sophisticated interface resolving CFD computations. (orig.)
Observation of Rayleigh-Taylor-like structures in a laser-accelerated foil
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Whitlock, R.R.; Emery, M.H.; Stamper, J.A.; McLean, E.A.; Obenschain, S.P.; Peckerar, M.C.
1984-01-01
Laser-accelerated targets have been predicted to be subject to the Rayleigh-Taylor hydrodynamic instability. The development of the instability was studied by introducing mass thickness variations in foil targets and observing the development of the target nonuniformities by side-on flash x radiography. Observations were made of target structures and mass redistribution effects which resemble Rayleigh-Taylor bubbles and spikes, including not only advanced broadening of the spike tips on the laser-irradiated side of the foil but also projections of mass on the unirradiated side. The observations compare well with numerical simulations
Masse, L; Casner, A; Galmiche, D; Huser, G; Liberatore, S; Theobald, M
2011-05-01
A laminated ablator is explored as an alternative concept for stabilizing the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability which develops in inertial fusion targets. Experiments measuring the growth of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of laminated planar foils are reported. Consistent with both theory and simulations, a significant reduction of the perturbation growth is experimentally observed for laminated ablators in comparison to what is observed for classical uniform ablators. Such an enhanced hydrodynamic stability opens opportunities for the design of high-gain inertial fusion targets. © 2011 American Physical Society
Measurement of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in targets driven by optically smoothed laser beams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desselberger, M.; Willi, O.; Savage, M.; Lamb, M.J.
1990-01-01
Growth rates of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability were measured in targets with imposed sinusoidal modulations irradiated by optically smoothed 0.53-μm laser beams. A hybrid optical smoothing technique utilizing induced-spatial-incoherence and random-phase-plate technology was used for the first time. The wave-number dependence and the nonlinear behavior of Rayleigh-Taylor growth were investigated by using targets with a range of modulation periodicities and depths. The results are compared to 2D hydrodynamic-code simulations
Suppression of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability due to self-radiation in a multiablation target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujioka, Shinsuke; Sunahara, Atsushi; Nishihara, Katsunobu; Johzaki, Tomoyuki; Shiraga, Hiroyuki; Shigemori, Keisuke; Nakai, Mitsuo; Ikegawa, Tadashi; Murakami, Masakatsu; Nagai, Keiji; Norimatsu, Takayoshi; Azechi, Hiroshi; Yamanaka, Tatsuhiko; Ohnishi, Naofumi
2004-01-01
A scheme to suppress the Rayleigh-Taylor instability has been investigated for a direct-drive inertial fusion target. In a high-Z doped-plastic target, two ablation surfaces are formed separately--one driven by thermal radiation and the other driven by electron conduction. The growth of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability is significantly suppressed on the radiation-driven ablation surface inside the target due to the large ablation velocity and long density scale length. A significant reduction of the growth rate was observed in simulations and experiments using a brominated plastic target. A new direct-drive pellet was designed using this scheme
O século de Taylor, Lênin e Freud The century of Taylor, Lenin and Freud
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Yves Cohen
2012-11-01
Full Text Available Este artigo percorre o século xx do ponto de vista da prática. Ele mostra que três regimes de regulação das práticas, quais sejam, o taylorismo, o leninismo e a psicanálise, lançaram seus programas em 1900, cada um em seu domínio, porém partilhando a mesma relação organizada entre a pretensão científica e a ação (dos operários para o primeiro, das massas para o segundo e do paciente em sessão para o terceiro, todos sob a direção de profissionais. Cada um desses regimes teve, durante décadas, seu lugar de inscrição e de peregrinação, bem como os portadores que os encarnavam. Eles formalizaram os quadros de valorização que são a eficácia, a luta política e o equilíbrio psicoafetivo. O artigo trata de modo aprofundado da prática taylorista de concepção das normas da prática dos outros ao identificar as diversas variáveis desta (o objeto, a referência, a temporalidade, o espaço, a serialização, a materialidade, os funcionários etc.. Conclui esboçando um cenário da história do século xx como circulação de práticas de um quadro de valorização a outro (a existência, a nominação, o cálculo, a eficácia, a política, o afetivo, a ética, a estética e, desse modo, de uma região do mundo a outra a fim de seguir suas inscrições primordiais.This article examines the notion of practice over the course of the twentieth century. It shows that three systems of regulating practices - namely Taylorism, Leninism and psychoanalysis - launched their programs in 1900, each within its own specific domain but sharing the same organized relationship between scientific claims and action (of the workers in the first case, the masses in the second and the patient under analysis in the third, all under the direction of professionals. For decades, each of these systems had its place of inscription and migration, along with the people who embodied them. They formalized the valuation frameworks comprised by efficiency
The Bible and mission in faith perspective: J.Hudson Taylor and the early China Inland Mission
Wigram, C.E.M.
2007-01-01
The thesis 'The Bible and Mission in Faith Perspective: J.Hudson Taylor and the Early China Inland Mission' by Christopher E.M. Wigram analysis the hermeneutical assumptions that underlay Hudson Taylor's approach to biblical interpretation, and the significance of his approach for the mission which
Methyl Bromide Measurements in the Taylor Dome M3C1 Ice Core, Version 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The data set includes methyl bromide (CH3Br) measurements made on air extracted from 70 samples from the Taylor Dome M3C1 ice core. CH3Br was measured in air from...
The role of the modified taylor impact test in dynamic material research
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Bagusat Frank
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Dynamic material research with strain rates of more than 1000 1/s is experimentally very often done with a Split-Hopkinson Bar, Taylor impact tests or planar plate impact test investigations. At the Ernst-Mach-Institut (EMI, a variant of an inverted classical Taylor impact test is used by application of velocity interferometers of the VISAR type (“Modified Taylor Impact Test”, MTT. The conduction of the experiments is similar to that of planar plate impact tests. The data reduction and derivation of dynamic material data can also be restricted to an analysis of the VISAR signal. Due to these properties, nearly each highly dynamic material characterization in our institute done by planar plate investigations is usually accompanied by MTT experiments. The extended possibilities and usefulness of a combined usage of these two highly dynamic characterization methods are explained. Recently, further developed MTT experiments with very small specimen sizes are presented. For the first time, Taylor impact and planar impact specimen can be used for which the load directions even in case of thin plate test material are identical and not perpendicular to each other. Consequences for testing construction elements are discussed.
Deformable ellipsoidal bubbles in Taylor-Couette flow with enhanced Euler-Lagrangian tracking
Arza, Vamsi Spandan; Verzicco, Roberto; Lohse, Detlef
2017-01-01
In this work we present numerical simulations of 105 sub-Kolmogorov deformable bubbles dispersed in Taylor-Couette flow (a wall-bounded shear system) with rotating inner cylinder and outer cylinder at rest. We study the effect of deformability of the bubbles on the overall drag induced by the
Identifying coherent structures and vortex clusters in Taylor-Couette turbulence
Arza, Vamsi Spandan; Ostilla-Monico, Rodolfo; Lohse, Detlef; Verzicco, Roberto
2016-01-01
The nature of the underlying structures in Taylor-Couette (TC) flow, the flow between two co-axial and independently rotating cylinders is investigated by two methods. First, the quadrant analysis technique for identifying structures with intense radial-azimuthal stresses (also referred to as 'Q's)
Applications of Taylor-Galerkin finite element method to compressible internal flow problems
Sohn, Jeong L.; Kim, Yongmo; Chung, T. J.
1989-01-01
A two-step Taylor-Galerkin finite element method with Lapidus' artificial viscosity scheme is applied to several test cases for internal compressible inviscid flow problems. Investigations for the effect of supersonic/subsonic inlet and outlet boundary conditions on computational results are particularly emphasized.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schoen, M.
1995-01-01
In this article the Taylor-expansion method is introduced by which Monte Carlo (MC) simulations in the canonical ensemble can be speeded up significantly, Substantial gains in computational speed of 20-40% over conventional implementations of the MC technique are obtained over a wide range of densities in homogeneous bulk phases. The basic philosophy behind the Taylor-expansion method is a division of the neighborhood of each atom (or molecule) into three different spatial zones. Interactions between atoms belonging to each zone are treated at different levels of computational sophistication. For example, only interactions between atoms belonging to the primary zone immediately surrounding an atom are treated explicitly before and after displacement. The change in the configurational energy contribution from secondary-zone interactions is obtained from the first-order term of a Taylor expansion of the configurational energy in terms of the displacement vector d. Interactions with atoms in the tertiary zone adjacent to the secondary zone are neglected throughout. The Taylor-expansion method is not restricted to the canonical ensemble but may be employed to enhance computational efficiency of MC simulations in other ensembles as well. This is demonstrated for grand canonical ensemble MC simulations of an inhomogeneous fluid which can be performed essentially on a modern personal computer
Nonlinear Rayleigh–Taylor instability of the cylindrical fluid flow with ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-07-07
Jul 7, 2016 ... The nonlinear Rayleigh–Taylor stability of the cylindrical interface between the vapour and liquid phases of a fluid is studied. The phases enclosed between two cylindrical surfaces coaxial with mass and heat transfer is derived from nonlinear Ginzburg–Landau equation. The F-expansion method is used to ...
The simultaneous onset and interaction of Taylor and Dean instabilities in a Couette geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hills, C P; Bassom, A P
2005-01-01
The fluid flow between a pair of coaxial circular cylinders generated by the uniform rotation of the inner cylinder and an azimuthal pressure gradient is susceptible to both Taylor and Dean type instabilities. The flow can be characterised by two parameters: a measure of the relative magnitude of the rotation and pressure effects and a non-dimensional Taylor number. Neutral curves associated with each instability can be constructed but it has been suggested that these curves do not cross but rather posses 'kinks'. Our work is based in the small gap, large wavenumber limit and considers the simultaneous onset of Taylor and Dean instabilities. The two linear instabilities interact at exponentially small orders and a consistent, matched asymptotic solution is found across the whole annular domain, identifying five regions of interest: two boundary adjustment regions and three internal critical points. We construct necessary conditions for the concurrent onset of the linear Taylor and Dean instabilities and show that neutral curve crossing is possible
First non-zero terms for the Taylor expansion at 1 of the Conway potential function
Buryak, A.Y.
2011-01-01
The Conway potential function ∇ L (t 1,...,t l ) of an ordered oriented link L = L 1 ∪ L 2 ∪ ... ∪ L l ⊂ S 3 is considered. In general, this function is not determined by the linking numbers and the Conway potential functions of the components. However, the first two nonzero terms of the Taylor
Validity of the Taylor hypothesis for linear kinetic waves in the weakly collisional solar wind
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Howes, G. G.; Klein, K. G.; TenBarge, J. M.
2014-01-01
The interpretation of single-point spacecraft measurements of solar wind turbulence is complicated by the fact that the measurements are made in a frame of reference in relative motion with respect to the turbulent plasma. The Taylor hypothesis—that temporal fluctuations measured by a stationary probe in a rapidly flowing fluid are dominated by the advection of spatial structures in the fluid rest frame—is often assumed to simplify the analysis. But measurements of turbulence in upcoming missions, such as Solar Probe Plus, threaten to violate the Taylor hypothesis, either due to slow flow of the plasma with respect to the spacecraft or to the dispersive nature of the plasma fluctuations at small scales. Assuming that the frequency of the turbulent fluctuations is characterized by the frequency of the linear waves supported by the plasma, we evaluate the validity of the Taylor hypothesis for the linear kinetic wave modes in the weakly collisional solar wind. The analysis predicts that a dissipation range of solar wind turbulence supported by whistler waves is likely to violate the Taylor hypothesis, while one supported by kinetic Alfvén waves is not.
A New NPGS Special Collection: Norman L. Taylor University of Kentucky Clover Collection
Dr. Norman L. Taylor was a world renowned Professor and clover breeder in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at the University of Kentucky for 48 years. Following retirement in 2001, he continued working on clovers up until his death in 2010. Dr. Taylor’s entire career was devoted to enhancin...
An optimized formulation for Deprit-type Lie transformations of Taylor maps for symplectic systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shi, Jicong
1993-01-01
An optimized iterative formulation is presented for directly transforming a Taylor map of a symplectic system into a Deprit-type Lie transformation, which is a composition of a linear transfer matrix and a single Lie transformation, to an arbitrary order
Fluid Dynamics And Mass Transfer In Two-Fluid Taylor-Couette Flow
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baier, G.; Graham, M.D.
1998-01-01
The Taylor-Couette instability of a single liquid phase can be used to enhance mass transfer processes such as filtration and membrane separations. We consider here the possibility of using this instability to enhance interphase transport in a two-fluid systems, with a view toward improved liquid-liquid extractions for biotechnology applications. We investigate the centrifugal instability of a pair of radially stratified immiscible liquids in the annular gap between concentric, corotating cylinders: two-fluid Taylor-Couette flow. Experiments show that a two-layer flow with a well-defined interface and Taylor vortices in each phase can be obtained. The experimental results are in good agreement with predictions of inviscid arguments based on a two-phase extension of Rayleigh's criterion, as well as with detailed linear stability calculations. For a given geometry, the most stable configuration occurs for fluids of roughly (exactly in the inviscid limit) equal dynamic viscosities. A number of preliminary mass transfer experiments have also been performed, in the presence of axial counterflow. The onset of Taylor vortices coincides with a clear decrease in the extent of axial dispersion and an increase in the rate of interphase transport, thus suggesting that this flow geometry may provide an effective means for countercurrent chromatographic separations
Approach to solve Slavnov-Taylor identities in nonsupersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kondrashuk, Igor; Cvetic, Gorazd; Schmidt, Ivan
2003-01-01
We present a way to solve Slavnov-Taylor identities in a general nonsupersymmetric theory. The solution can be parametrized by a limited number of functions of spacetime coordinates, so that all the effective fields are dressed by these functions via integral convolution. The solution restricts the ghost part of the effective action and gives predictions for the physical part of the effective action
Taylor Approach of Spinal Anaesthesia in a case of Ankylosing Spondylitis for Hip Fracture Surgery
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Urmila Palaria
2011-11-01
Full Text Available Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease primarily affecting the axial joints manifesting as stiffnesss of the spine. Patient with ankylosing spondylitis is a challenge to anaesthesiologists in terms of airway management and neuraxial blocks. Modified paramedian approach (Taylor approach of spinal anaesthesia can be used as an alternative to technically difficult cases in patients undergoing lower limb surgeries.
On generalizations of the series of Taylor, Lagrange, Laurent and Teixeira
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L. M. B. C. Campos
1990-01-01
Full Text Available The classical theorems of Taylor, Lagrange, Laurent and Teixeira, are extended from the representation of a complex function F(z, to its derivative F(ν(z of complex order ν, understood as either a Liouville (1832 or a Rieman (1847 differintegration (Campos 1984, 1985; these results are distinct from, and alternative to, other extensions of Taylor's series using differintegrations (Osler 1972, Lavoie & Osler & Tremblay 1976. We consider a complex function F(z, which is analytic (has an isolated singularity at ζ, and expand its derivative of complex order F(ν(z, in an ascending (ascending-descending series of powers of an auxiliary function f(z, yielding the generalized Teixeira (Lagrange series, which includes, for f(z=z−ζ, the generalized Taylor (Laurent series. The generalized series involve non-integral powers and/or coefficients evaluated by fractional derivatives or integrals, except in the case ν=0, when the classical theorems of Taylor (1715, Lagrange (1770, Laurent (1843 and Teixeira (1900 are regained. As an application, these generalized series can be used to generate special functions with complex parameters (Campos 1986, e.g., the Hermite and Bessel types.
Regularity of minimal and almost minimal sets and cones : J. Taylor's theorem for beginners
David, Guy
2012-01-01
Notes for lectures that were given in the Séminaire de Mathématiques Supérieures (on metric spaces and transport) , Montréal, 2011; We discuss various settings for the Plateau problem, a proof of J. Taylor's regularity theorem for $2$-dimensional almost minimal sets, some applications, and potential extensions of regularity results to the boundary.
Ethics, organ donation and tax: a reply to Quigley and Taylor.
Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper; Petersen, Thomas Søbirk
2012-08-01
A national opt-out system of post-mortem donation of scarce organs is preferable to an opt-in system. Unfortunately, the former system is not always feasible, and so in a recent JME article we canvassed the possibility of offering people a tax break for opting-in as a way of increasing the number of organs available for donation under an opt-in regime. Muireann Quigley and James Stacey Taylor criticize our proposal. Roughly, Quigley argues that our proposal is costly and, hence, is unlikely to be implemented, while Taylor contests our response to a Titmuss-style objection to our scheme. In response to Quigley, we note that our proposal's main attraction lies in gains not reflected in the figures presented by Quigley and that the mere fact that it is costly does not imply that it is unfeasible. In response to Taylor, we offer some textual evidence in support of our interpretation of Taylor and responds to his favoured interpretation of the Titmuss-style objection that many people seem to want to donate to charities even if they can deduct their donations from their income tax. Finally, we show why our views do not commit us to endorsing a free organ-market.
Life stages of wall-bounded decay of Taylor-Couette turbulence
Ostilla-Mónico, Rodolfo; Zhu, Xiaojue; Arza, Vamsi Spandan; Verzicco, Roberto; Lohse, Detlef
2017-01-01
The decay of Taylor-Couette turbulence, i.e., the flow between two coaxial and independently rotating cylinders, is numerically studied by instantaneously stopping the forcing from an initially statistically stationary flow field at a Reynolds number of Re=3.5×104. The effect of wall friction is
Forty years later at Taylor Woods: Merging the old and new
John D. Bailey
2008-01-01
The Taylor Woods "Levels-of-Growing-Stock" study was established in 1962 to create a replicated ponderosa pine density experiment for the Southwest, making a valuable addition to research in the Fort Valley Experimental Forest. Basal area treatments ranged from 5-20 m2/ha (19-80 ft2/ac) when installed, designed as...
Spirituality in a secular age: From Charles Taylor to study of the ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
This essay proposes that those engaged in the study of the Bible in relation to spirituality would benefit from awareness of Charles Taylor's thinking in A Secular Age, which is a narrative not only about the emergence of the secular but also about the role of the spiritual in Western civilization. The essay indicates the ...
Estimating farm productivity differentials using panel data: The Hausman-Taylor approach
Gardebroek, C.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.
2003-01-01
This paper investigates the relation between unobserved farm productivity and other production factors in a system of netput equations for specialised pig breeding farms in the Netherlands. In order to estimate the system, a Hausman-Taylor panel data estimator is developed for a system of equations
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Keil, P.; Herben, Tomáš; Rosindell, J.; Storch, D.
2010-01-01
Roč. 265, č. 1 (2010), s. 68-86 ISSN 0022-5193 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : Taylor´s power law * density dependence * pink noise Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.371, year: 2010
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Howard, J A; Walsh, P A
2014-01-01
This paper presents an investigation on the heat transfer characteristics associated with liquid-gas Taylor flows in mini channels incorporating microencapsulated phase change materials (MPCM). Taylor flows have been shown to result in heat transfer enhancements due to the fluid recirculation experienced within liquid slugs which is attributable to the alternating liquid slug and gas bubble flow structure. Microencapsulated phase change materials (MPCM) also offer significant potential with increased thermal capacity due to the latent heat required to cause phase change. The primary aim of this work was to examine the overall heat transfer potential associated with combining these two novel liquid cooling technologies. By investigating the local heat transfer characteristics, the augmentation/degradation over single phase liquid cooling was quantified while examining the effects of dimensionless variables, including Reynolds number, liquid slug length and gas void fraction. An experimental test facility was developed which had a heated test section and allowed MPCM-air Taylor flows to be subjected to a constant heat flux boundary condition. Infrared thermography was used to record high resolution experimental wall temperature measurements and determine local heat transfer coefficients from the thermal entrance point. 30.2% mass particle concentration of the MPCM suspension fluid was examined as it provided the maximum latent heat for absorption. Results demonstrate a significant reduction in experimental wall temperatures associated with MPCM-air Taylor flows when compared with the Graetz solution for conventional single phase coolants. Total enhancement in the thermally developed region is observed to be a combination of the individual contributions due to recirculation within the liquid slugs and also absorption of latent heat. Overall, the study highlights the potential heat transfer enhancements that are attainable within heat exchange devices employing MPCM
Beryllium-10 in the Taylor Dome ice core: Applications to Antarctic glaciology and paleoclimatology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Steig, E.J.
1996-12-31
An ice core was drilled at Taylor dome, East Antarctica, reaching to bedrock at 554 meters. Oxygen-isotope measurements reveal climatic fluctuations through the last interglacial period. To facilitate comparison of the Taylor Dome paleoclimate record with geologic data and results from other deep ice cores, several glaciological issues need to be addressed. In particular, accumulation data are necessary as input for numerical ice-flow-models, for determining the flux of chemical constituents from measured concentrations, and for calculation of the offset in age between ice and trapped air in the core. The analysis of cosmogenic beryllium-10 provides a geochemical method for constraining the accumulation-rate history at Taylor Dome. High-resolution measurements were made in shallow firn cores and snow pits to determine the relationship among beryllium-10 concentrations, wet and dry deposition mechanisms, and snow-accumulation rates. Comparison between theoretical and measured variations in deposition over the last 75 years constrains the relationship between beryllium-10 deposition and global average production rates. The results indicate that variations in geomagnetically-modulated production-rate do not strongly influence beryllium-10 deposition at Taylor Dome. Although solar modulation of production rate is important for time scales of years to centuries, snow-accumulation rate is the dominant control on ice-core beryllium-10 concentrations for longer periods. Results show that the Taylor Dome core can be used to provide new constraints on regional climate over the last 130,000 years, complementing the terrestrial and marine geological record from the Dry Valley, Transantarctic Mountains and western Ross Sea.
Frictional Torque Reduction in Taylor-Couette Flows with Riblet-Textured Rotors
Raayai, Shabnam; McKinley, Gareth
2017-11-01
Inspired by the riblets on the denticles of fast swimming shark species, periodic surface microtextures of different shapes have been studied under laminar and turbulent flow conditions to understand their drag reduction mechanism and to offer guides for designing optimized low-friction bio-inspired surfaces. Various reports over the past four decades have suggested that riblet surfaces can reduce the frictional drag force in high Reynolds number laminar and turbulent flow regimes. Here, we investigate the effect of streamwise riblets on torque reduction in steady flow between concentric cylinders, known as Taylor-Couette Flow. Using 3D printed riblet-textured rotors and a custom-built Taylor-Couette cell which can be mounted on a rheometer we measure the torque on the inner rotor as a function of three different dimensionless parameters; the Reynolds number of the flow, the sharpness of the riblets, and the size of the riblets with respect to the scale of the Taylor-Couette cell. Our experimental results in the laminar viscous flow regime show a reduction in torque up to 10% over a wide range of Reynolds numbers, that is a non-monotonic function of the aspect ratio and independent of Re. However, after transition to the Taylor vortex regime, the modification in torque becomes a function of the Reynolds number, while remaining a non-monotonic function of the aspect ratio. Using finite volume modelling of the geometry we discuss the changes in the Taylor-Couette flow in presence of the riblets compared to the case of smooth rotors and the resulting torque reduction as a function of the parameter space defined above.
«We have ceased to be a nation in retreat». Margaret Thatcher e gli usi strategici del conflitto
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Lidia De Michelis
2015-03-01
Full Text Available This essay explores Margaret Thatcher’s political agency and leadership style in terms of her reliance on discursive and media strategies which thrived on the “confusion” of gender stereotypes and her ability to play with multiple, long-established archetypes of women in power, characterized by violent and aggressive femininity. Thatcher’s frequent self-projection as a “masculine” character, the “honorary man” of British politics, and her special grip on British public opinion and fantasies, were never disjointed from her ability to don, exploit, subvert and redirect “motherly’ (or at least “womanly” performances at will, in order to serve her political agenda. Focusing on her strategic deployment of a rhetoric and discourses of aggression, divisiveness, conflict and war, the essay highlights Thatcher’s ability to re-create and keep alive the idea of a national community always under siege, where extraordinary economic, disciplinary and defence measure were required in order to resist and overcome domestic and foreign “enemies”. The Falklands War will be taken as case study, for it provides an outstanding example of Thatcher’s powerful revision of female political authority against the backdrop of the conventionally masculine, heroic imaginary of war. Her masterly and coterminous performances as war leader and “super-mother” of the nation allowed for a complex and hybrid self-projection which still acts as an empowering model whose disciplinary subtext entails a nostalgic investment in imperial national history.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrejka Obidič
2017-11-01
Full Text Available The paper analyzes Margaret Atwood’s postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels from the psychological perspective of Carl Gustav Jung’s theory of archetypes and from the perspective of Robert Graves’s mythological figures of the triple goddess presented in his work The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth (1997. In this regard, the paper focuses on the mythic and psychological roles embodied and played by Atwood’s victimized female protagonists who actively seek their identity and professional self-realization on their path towards personal evolution in the North American patriarchal society of the twentieth century. Thus, they are no longer passive as female characters of the nineteenth-century colonial novels which are centered on the male hero and his colonial adventures. In her postcolonial and postmodern feminist novels, Atwood further introduces elements of folk tales, fairy tales, legends, myths and revives different literary genres, such as a detective story, a crime and historical novel, a gothic romance, a comedy, science fiction, etc. Moreover, she often abuses the conventions of the existing genre and mixes several genres in the same narrative. For instance, her narrative The Penelopiad (2005 is a genre-hybrid novella in which she parodies the Grecian myth of the adventurer Odysseus and his faithful wife Penelope by subverting Homer’s serious epic poem into a witty satire. In addition, the last part of the paper analyzes the author’s cult novel Surfacing (1972 (1984 according to Joseph Campbell’s and Northrop Frye’s archetypal/myth criticism and it demonstrates that Atwood revises the biblical myth of the hero’s quest and the idealized world of medieval grail romances from the ironic prospective of the twentieth century, as it is typical of postmodernism.
Relação entre arte e política: sobre a carta de Friedrich Engels a Margaret Harkness
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Henrique Wellen
2017-12-01
Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a relação entre arte e política, baseada na concepção estética do triunfo do realismo, originalmente indicada por Friedrich Engels. Para isso, a fonte categórica e teórica central veio de uma carta em que este autor, apresentando uma crítica literária de uma obra de Margaret Harkness, fez comentários sugestivos sobre a especificidade da legalidade estética e como o escritor pode entender a autonomia da arte. Realizou-se o exame crítico e reflexivo de concepções artísticas de natureza idealista e naturalista, como forma de indicar seus limites em face do realismo estético. Nesse sentido, o artigo foi iniciado por uma alegoria sobre a relação entre os elementos estéticos e as determinações ideológicas e políticas que compõem essas concepções artísticas, a fim de demonstrar, de forma imaginária, essas implicações. No segundo momento, buscamos correlacionar, a partir de princípios teóricos e metodológicos mais sólidos, os pressupostos da crítica literária relacionados ao triunfo do realismo com exemplos artísticos derivados dessas outras perspectivas estéticas. Nestas análises, os escritores franceses Émile Zola e Honoré de Balzac, aparecem como exemplares de grande distinção no tratamento da reflexão estética e sua relação com a concepção política do artista.
Artilheiro, Mariana Cunha; Fávero, Francis Meire; Caromano, Fátima Aparecida; Oliveira, Acary de Souza Bulle; Carvas, Nelson; Voos, Mariana Callil; Sá, Cristina Dos Santos Cardoso de
2017-12-08
The Jebsen-Taylor Test evaluates upper limb function by measuring timed performance on everyday activities. The test is used to assess and monitor the progression of patients with Parkinson disease, cerebral palsy, stroke and brain injury. To analyze the reliability, internal consistency and validity of the Jebsen-Taylor Test in people with Muscular Dystrophy and to describe and classify upper limb timed performance of people with Muscular Dystrophy. Fifty patients with Muscular Dystrophy were assessed. Non-dominant and dominant upper limb performances on the Jebsen-Taylor Test were filmed. Two raters evaluated timed performance for inter-rater reliability analysis. Test-retest reliability was investigated by using intraclass correlation coefficients. Internal consistency was assessed using the Cronbach alpha. Construct validity was conducted by comparing the Jebsen-Taylor Test with the Performance of Upper Limb. The internal consistency of Jebsen-Taylor Test was good (Cronbach's α=0.98). A very high inter-rater reliability (0.903-0.999), except for writing with an Intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.772-1.000. Strong correlations between the Jebsen-Taylor Test and the Performance of Upper Limb Module were found (rho=-0.712). The Jebsen-Taylor Test is a reliable and valid measure of timed performance for people with Muscular Dystrophy. Copyright © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei, A. Ivanov
2001-06-15
In this thesis we're studying both the general case of the 'classic' Rayleigh-Taylor instability (in incompressible fluids) and more specific cases of the instabilities of Rayleigh-Taylor type in magnetized plasmas, in the liners or wire array implosions etc. We have studied the influence of the Hall diffusion of magnetic field on the growth rate of the instability. We have obtained in this work a self-similar solution for the widening of the initial profile of the magnetic field and for the wave of the penetration of magnetic field. After that the subsequent evolution of the magnetic field in plasma opening switches (POS) has been examined. We have shown the possibility of the existence of a strong rarefaction wave for collisional and non-collisional cases. This wave can explain the phenomenon of the opening of POS. The effect of the suppression of Rayleigh-Taylor instability by forced oscillations of the boundary between two fluids permits us to propose some ideas for the experiments of inertial fusion. We have considered the general case of the instability, in other words - two incompressible viscous superposed fluids in a gravitational field. We have obtained an exact analytical expression for the growth rate and then we have analyzed the influence of the parameters of external 'pumping' on the instability. These results can be applied to a wide range of systems, starting from classic hydrodynamics and up to astrophysical plasmas. The scheme of wire arrays has become recently a very popular method to obtain a high power X-radiation or for a high quality implosion in Z-pinches. The experimental studies have demonstrated that the results of implosion are much better for the case of multiple thin wires situated cylindrically than in a usual liner scheme. We have examined the problem modeling the stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability for a wire array system. The reason for instability suppression is the regular spatial modulation of
Loe lisaks / Anthony de Kowalsky
Kowalsky, Anthony de
2008-01-01
Lühiarvustused : Mark Ravenhilli "Võta mind!" Vanemuises, lavastaja Ingomar Vihmar Tartu Sadamateatris; näitleja Kristjan Sarve aktsioon "99x" Henry Milleri "Vähi pöörijoonest", mida näitleja esitab 99 korda ja Eesti teatri parima meesnäitleja auhinnaga pärjatud Üllar Saaremäe nimirollist lavastuses "Cyrano de Bergerac" Rakvere Teatris
Modeling Taylor series approximations for prompt neutron kinetics with lab view simulations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Adzri, E. P.
2012-09-01
The reactor point kinetics equations have been subjected to intense research in an effort to find simple yet accurate numerical solutions methods. The equations are very stiff numerically, meaning that there is a wide variation in the decay constants, so that using a particular time step in the numerical solution may provide sufficient accuracy for the group, but not for another. Several solutions techniques have been presented on the point kinetics equations with varying degrees of complexity. These include Power Series Solutions, CORE, PCA, Genapol and Taylor series methods. In this research, algorithms were developed based on the first and second order Taylor series expansion and simulated in LabVIEW to solve the Reactor Point Kinetics equations using block diagram nodes implemented within stacked sequences. The algorithms developed were fast,accurate and simple to code. Several reactivity insertions were used to simulate the change in neutron population with time. The LabVIEW- Taylor series solutions were compared with other solution techniques such as Power Series Solutions, CORE, PCA, Genapol and McMahon and Pierson's Taylor series approximation. The results of LabVIEW-Taylor series technique used by McMahon and Pearson The LabVIEW-implemented techniques were found to agree very well with these other methods. At 1x10 -8 s the neutron population was 1.000220 neutrons / cm 3 , at 1 x 10 -2 s it was 2.007681 neutrons / cm 3 and at 1x10 -1 s it was 2.075317 neutrons / cm 3 ; same results reported by Genapol for a fast reactor, it produced good and accurate results and compared very favorably with other methods found in the literature. Using much smaller time steps to the order or 10 -8 s commensurate with fast reactor parameters also produced very satisfactory results, indicating that the LabVIEW-based Taylor series technique is suitable for simulating the kinetics of fast reactors as well as thermal reactors. Algorithms developed that included second order terms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, X.L.
1993-01-01
Computation of three-dimensional (3-D) Rayleigh--Taylor instability in compressible fluids is performed on a MIMD computer. A second-order TVD scheme is applied with a fully parallelized algorithm to the 3-D Euler equations. The computational program is implemented for a 3-D study of bubble evolution in the Rayleigh--Taylor instability with varying bubble aspect ratio and for large-scale simulation of a 3-D random fluid interface. The numerical solution is compared with the experimental results by Taylor
Self-consistent model of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability in ablatively accelerated laser plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bychkov, V.V.; Golberg, S.M.; Liberman, M.A.
1994-01-01
A self-consistent approach to the problem of the growth rate of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability in laser accelerated targets is developed. The analytical solution of the problem is obtained by solving the complete system of the hydrodynamical equations which include both thermal conductivity and energy release due to absorption of the laser light. The developed theory provides a rigorous justification for the supplementary boundary condition in the limiting case of the discontinuity model. An analysis of the suppression of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability by the ablation flow is done and it is found that there is a good agreement between the obtained solution and the approximate formula σ = 0.9√gk - 3u 1 k, where g is the acceleration, u 1 is the ablation velocity. This paper discusses different regimes of the ablative stabilization and compares them with previous analytical and numerical works
Evidence of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in tri-layer targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Galmiche, D.; Holstein, P.A.; Meyer, B.; Rostaing, M.; Wilke, N.
1988-01-01
The results of the experiments carried out on a laser system are reported. The work is performed in order to investigate the problem of target instability under ablative acceleration and to get direct evidence of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. Tri-layer experiments assert the validity of X-ray spectroscopy measurements as experimental method to investigate the problem. A mixing zone is evidenced and general trends of mixing development versus target acceleration are coherent with numerical simulations. Results obtained with optical smoothing demonstrate that the apparent mixing is not due to large scale illumination non uniformities. Numerical simulations confirm that Rayleigh-Taylor instability seems to be the dominant process responsible for the mixing. Benefit of time resolved spectroscopy appears attractive and gives a real knowledge of the mixing layer
Ductile damage in Taylor and Rod-on-rod impact experiment
Iannitti, Gianluca; Ruggiero, Andrew; Bonora, Nicola; Gentile, Domenico
2013-06-01
At equivalent impact velocity, pressure in Taylor and ROR impact experiment is not the same and this reflects in the resulting condition for ductile damage development. In this work, finite element parametric simulation was performed to investigate pressure wave development as a function of material and target work hardening curve. Using the Bonora damage model, the impact velocity necessary for generating ductile damage in high purity copper was assessed. Taylor and ROR experiments were performed at different equivalent impact velocities and metallographic investigation were performed on impacted samples in order to validate damage model predictions. In addition, the effect of temperature on damage development was also investigated performing impact tests at different reference temperatures.
Quantitative investigation of the transition process in Taylor-Couette flow
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tu, Xin Cheng; Kim, Hyoung Bum Kim; Liu, Dong
2013-01-01
The transition process from circular Couette flow to Taylor vortex flow regime was experimentally investigated by measuring the instantaneous velocity vector fields at the annular gap flow region between two concentric cylinders. The proper orthogonal decomposition method, vorticity calculation, and frequency analysis were applied in order to analyze the instantaneous velocity fields to identify the flow characteristics during the transition process. From the results, the kinetic energy and corresponding reconstructed velocity fields were able to detect the onset of the transition process and the alternation of the flow structure. The intermittency and oscillation of the vortex flows during the transition process were also revealed from the analysis of the instantaneous velocity fields. The results can be a measure of identifying the critical Reynolds number of the Taylor-Couette flow from a velocity measurement method.
Designs for highly nonlinear ablative Rayleigh-Taylor experiments on the National Ignition Facility
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Casner, A.; Masse, L.; Liberatore, S.; Jacquet, L.; Loiseau, P.; Poujade, O.; Smalyuk, V. A.; Bradley, D. K.; Park, H. S.; Remington, B. A.; Igumenshchev, I.; Chicanne, C.
2012-01-01
We present two designs relevant to ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability in transition from weakly nonlinear to highly nonlinear regimes at the National Ignition Facility [E. I. Moses, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 112, 012003 (2008)]. The sensitivity of nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor instability physics to ablation velocity is addressed with targets driven by indirect drive, with stronger ablative stabilization, and by direct drive, with weaker ablative stabilization. The indirect drive design demonstrates the potential to reach a two-dimensional bubble-merger regime with a 20 ns duration drive at moderate radiation temperature. The direct drive design achieves a 3 to 5 times increased acceleration distance for the sample in comparison to previous experiments allowing at least 2 more bubble generations when starting from a three-dimensional broadband spectrum.
Three-dimensional single-mode nonlinear ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yan, R.; Aluie, H.; Betti, R.; Sanz, J.; Liu, B.; Frank, A.
2016-01-01
The nonlinear evolution of the single-mode ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability is studied in three dimensions. As the mode wavelength approaches the cutoff of the linear spectrum (short-wavelength modes), it is found that the three-dimensional (3D) terminal bubble velocity greatly exceeds both the two-dimensional (2D) value and the classical 3D bubble velocity. Unlike in 2D, the 3D short-wavelength bubble velocity does not saturate. The growing 3D bubble acceleration is driven by the unbounded accumulation of vorticity inside the bubble. The vorticity is transferred by mass ablation from the Rayleigh-Taylor spikes to the ablated plasma filling the bubble volume
An Improved Power Quality Based Sheppard-Taylor Converter Fed BLDC Motor Drive
Singh, Bhim; Bist, Vashist
2015-12-01
This paper deals with the design and analysis of a power factor correction based Sheppard-Taylor converter fed brushless dc motor (BLDCM) drive. The speed of the BLDCM is controlled by adjusting the dc link voltage of the voltage source inverter (VSI) feeding BLDCM. Moreover, a low frequency switching of the VSI is used for electronically commutating the BLDCM for reduced switching losses. The Sheppard-Taylor converter is designed to operate in continuous conduction mode to achieve an improved power quality at the ac mains for a wide range of speed control and supply voltage variation. The BLDCM drive is designed and its performance is simulated in a MATLAB/Simulink environment to achieve the power quality indices within the limits of the international power quality standard IEC-61000-3-2.
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability in a self-gravitating two-layer viscous sphere
Mondal, Puskar; Korenaga, Jun
2018-03-01
The dispersion relation of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the spherical geometry is of profound importance in the context of the Earth's core formation. Here we present a complete derivation of this dispersion relation for a self-gravitating two-layer viscous sphere. Such relation is, however, obtained through the solution of a complex transcendental equation, and it is difficult to gain physical insights directly from the transcendental equation itself. We thus also derive an empirical formula to compute the growth rate, by combining the Monte Carlo sampling of the relevant model parameter space with linear regression. Our analysis indicates that the growth rate of Rayleigh-Taylor instability is most sensitive to the viscosity of inner layer in a physical setting that is most relevant to the core formation.
An integral equation-based numerical solver for Taylor states in toroidal geometries
O'Neil, Michael; Cerfon, Antoine J.
2018-04-01
We present an algorithm for the numerical calculation of Taylor states in toroidal and toroidal-shell geometries using an analytical framework developed for the solution to the time-harmonic Maxwell equations. Taylor states are a special case of what are known as Beltrami fields, or linear force-free fields. The scheme of this work relies on the generalized Debye source representation of Maxwell fields and an integral representation of Beltrami fields which immediately yields a well-conditioned second-kind integral equation. This integral equation has a unique solution whenever the Beltrami parameter λ is not a member of a discrete, countable set of resonances which physically correspond to spontaneous symmetry breaking. Several numerical examples relevant to magnetohydrodynamic equilibria calculations are provided. Lastly, our approach easily generalizes to arbitrary geometries, both bounded and unbounded, and of varying genus.
On the validity of Taylor's hypothesis for wall-bounded flows
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Piomelli, U.; Balint, J.; Wallace, J.M.
1989-01-01
The results of large eddy simulation (LES) of the Navier--Stokes equations are used to evaluate the validity of Taylor's hypothesis of frozen turbulence, which states that the time derivative of some instantaneous quantity is proportional to its derivative in the streamwise direction, for incompressible plane channel flow. Time and space derivatives in the streamwise direction of the velocity components are, in fact, found to be well correlated. Root-mean-square fluctuations of the terms in Taylor's hypothesis also support the validity of this hypothesis above the buffer layer. The good agreement between LES and experimental results indicates that errors in the evaluation of derivatives in the streamwise direction are due mostly to insufficient resolution
Hannah Arendt and Charles Taylor: For the Recovery of the Meaning of the World
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gabriel Guedes Rossatti
2017-12-01
Full Text Available Hannah Arendt and Charles Taylor are two of the philosophers who have most seriously tackled the problem of individualism in the contemporary world and, thus, my proposal is to approximate their respective theories. I shall argue, therefore, that both depart from the very same premise, i.e. the massive presence of individualism at the heart of the ideology of Modernity, as well that both propose fundamentally the same sets of solutions for this problem: 1 the need for a retrieval of republican principles in order to reanimate politics under the conditions of modernity and 2 this in order to recuperate the meaning of the world as something common to human beings. Thus, my proposal aims at the discussion of certain key-elements present in the theory of Taylor in order to throw light on the “communitarian” or dialogical aspects present in the theory of Arendt.
The verification of the Taylor-expansion moment method in solving aerosol breakage
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yu Ming-Zhou
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The combination of the method of moment, characterizing the particle population balance, and the computational fluid dynamics has been an emerging research issue in the studies on the aerosol science and on the multiphase flow science. The difficulty of solving the moment equation arises mainly from the closure of some fractal moment variables which appears in the transform from the non-linear integral-differential population balance equation to the moment equations. Within the Taylor-expansion moment method, the breakage-dominated Taylor-expansion moment equation is first derived here when the symmetric fragmentation mechanism is involved. Due to the high efficiency and the high precision, this proposed moment model is expected to become an important tool for solving population balance equations.
Em busca de uma ética ambiental: as perspectivas e Baird Callicott e Paul Taylor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tânia Aparecida Kuhnen
2012-05-01
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2008v7n3p19 O tema deste artigo é a ética ambiental e, mais especificamente, as propostas éticas de Baird Callicott e Paul Taylor, formuladas na tentaiva de expandir a comunidade moral. Enquanto Calliott defende uma perspectiva holista de ética ambiental, na qual o valor moral da ação depende de quanto ela constribui para o bem da comunidade bioética em sua totalidade, Taylor apresenta como moralmente relevantes as ações que contribuem para promover ou proteger o "bem próprio" de cada entidade viva individual. O objetivo deste estudo é analidar ambas as teorias e indicar qual delas mais se aproxima de um ideal de ética ambiental.
Taylor Flow in Microchannels: A Review of Experimental and Computational Work
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Gupta
2010-03-01
Full Text Available Over the past few decades an enormous interest in two-phase flow in microchannels has developed because of their application in a wide range of new technologies, ranging from lab-on-a-chip devices used in medical and pharmaceutical applications to micro-structured process equipment used in many modern chemical plants. Taylor flow, in which gas bubbles are surrounded by a liquid film and separated by liquid plugs, is the most common flow regime encountered in such applications. This review introduces the important attributes of two phase flow in microchannels and then focuses on the Taylor flow regime. The existing knowledge from both experimental and computational studies is presented. Finally, perspectives for future work are suggested.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bel`kov, S.A.; Bondarenko, S.V.; Vinokurov, O.A.; Kochemasov, G.G.; Mkhitarian, L.S.
1996-09-01
This report presents the research results for the time point when the Rayleigh-Taylor instability converts to the nonlinear stage as well as the computational results for the interaction of two modes of Rayleigh-Taylor instability when initial perturbations are concentrated at the ablation front (problem (a)) and on the rear side (problem (b)) of the plane target. As was shown in the report for the first phase, for a target of 3 {mu}m thick the existence time of the nonlinear stage is extremely low and does not allow to track the evolution pattern. In it was shown that the plane target with {Delta}{sub 0}=5 {mu}m is more preferable for this goal. Therefore all the computations presented here relate to the target with the indicated thickness. The laser pulse parameters are remained unchanged J{sub L}=10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}, {lambda}=0.35 {mu}m.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ellen McCarthy
2009-10-01
Full Text Available Cet article explore comment Margaret Atwood, dans La Voleuse d’hommes (The Robber Bride, 1993, élargit l’éventail des possibilités existantes pour concevoir l’identité nationale anglo-canadienne. Il se concentre sur la façon dont le roman réaborde et reformule certaines des questions sur l’identité canadienne qui sont posées avec insistance dans les premiers récits de fiction et essais critiques d’Atwood. L’article s’intéresse, en particulier, à la manière dont les récits d’évolution personnelle s’entrecroisent avec les discours sur l’identité féminine et canadienne dans La Voleuse d’hommes. Il s’agit d’examiner comment les trajectoires d’évolution personnelle explorées dans le roman attirent l’attention sur la relation complexe entre narration et identité, et d’expliquer comment progrès et évolution, dans les romans, sont influencés ou déterminés par un positionnement politique identitaire nationaliste spécifiquement féministe et canadien.
Nonlinear spectrum of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-accelerated planar plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Keskinen, M. J.; Schmitt, A.
2007-01-01
A model for the nonlinear spectrum of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-accelerated planar plasmas has been developed for a wide range of Froude numbers and scale sizes. It is found that the spectrum can be characterized by an inverse power law with spectral index of approximately 2 in the limit of small-wavenumber spectrum cutoffs and small-scale density gradient scale lengths. Comparison of the model spectrum with recent experimental observations is made with good agreement
Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a self-similar spherical expansion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bernstein, I.B.; Book, D.L.
1978-01-01
The self-similar motion of a spherically symmetric isentropic cloud of ideal gas driven outward by an expanding low-density medium (e.g., radiation pressure from a pulsar) is shown to be unstable to Rayleigh-Taylor modes which develop in the neighborhood of the interface. A complete solution of the linearized equations of motion is obtained. The implications for astrophysical phenomena are discussed
Three-dimensional, nonlinear evolution of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability of a thin layer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Manheimer, W.; Colombant, D.; Ott, E.
1984-01-01
A numerical simulation scheme is developed to examine the nonlinear evolution of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability of a thin sheet in three dimensions. It is shown that the erosion of mass at the top of the bubble is approximately as described by two-dimensional simulations. However, mass is lost into spikes more slowly in three-dimensional than in two-dimensional simulations
Observation of Magnetocoriolis Waves in a Liquid Metal Taylor-Couette Experiment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nornberg, M. D.; Ji, H.; Schartman, E.; Roach, A.; Goodman, J.
2010-01-01
The first observation of fast and slow magnetocoriolis (MC) waves in a laboratory experiment is reported. Rotating nonaxisymmetric modes arising from a magnetized turbulent Taylor-Couette flow of liquid metal are identified as the fast and slow MC waves by the dependence of the rotation frequency on the applied field strength. The observed slow MC wave is damped but the observation provides a means for predicting the onset of the magnetorotational instability.
Observation of magnetocoriolis waves in a liquid metal Taylor-Couette experiment.
Nornberg, M D; Ji, H; Schartman, E; Roach, A; Goodman, J
2010-02-19
The first observation of fast and slow magnetocoriolis (MC) waves in a laboratory experiment is reported. Rotating nonaxisymmetric modes arising from a magnetized turbulent Taylor-Couette flow of liquid metal are identified as the fast and slow MC waves by the dependence of the rotation frequency on the applied field strength. The observed slow MC wave is damped but the observation provides a means for predicting the onset of the magnetorotational instability.
Mechanism of growth reduction of the deceleration-phase ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Atzeni, Stefano; Temporal, Mauro
2003-01-01
The deceleration-phase (dp) ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) of igniting and nonigniting inertial fusion capsules is studied by high-resolution two-dimensional Lagrangian fluid simulations. It is found that growth reduction of the dp-RTI with respect to classical RTI results from the advection of perturbed fluid elements outside a thin unstable fluid layer. Within this layer, at fixed Lagrangian position, perturbations grow approximately classically
Breakup of an accelerated shell owing to Rayleigh--Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Suydam, B.R.
1978-06-01
A simplified model for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of an accelerated shell is examined, and it is found that the most dangerous wavelength to be about that of the shell thickness. The shell material is assumed to be an inviscid, incompressible fluid. Effects of finite compressibility and of surface tension are found to be negligible, but the effects of viscosity are shown to be very large. The need for better knowledge of viscosity at high pressure is pointed out
Role of parallel flow curvature on the mitigation of Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sarmah, D.; Sen, S.; Cairns, R.A.
2001-01-01
The effect of a radially varying parallel equilibrium flow on the stability of the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) mode is studied analytically in the presence of a sheared magnetic field. It is shown that the parallel flow curvature can completely stabilize the RT mode. The flow curvature also has a robust effect on the radial structure of the mode. Possible implications of these theoretical findings to recent experiments are also discussed
Stochastic flow modeling : Quasi-Geostrophy, Taylor state and torsional wave excitation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gillet, Nicolas; Jault, D.; Finlay, Chris
We reconstruct the core flow evolution over the period 1840-2010 under the quasi-geostrophic assumption, from the stochastic magnetic field model COV-OBS and its full model error covariance matrix. We make use of a prior information on the flow temporal power spectrum compatible with that of obse...... variations from 1950 onward. We propose a triggering mechanism for these waves involving non-zonal motions in the framework of Taylor's state....
Combined effect of viscosity and vorticity on single mode Rayleigh-Taylor instability bubble growth
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Banerjee, Rahul; Mandal, Labakanta; Roy, S.; Khan, M.; Gupta, M. R.
2011-01-01
The combined effect of viscosity and vorticity on the growth rate of the bubble associated with single mode Rayleigh-Taylor instability is investigated. It is shown that the effect of viscosity on the motion of the lighter fluid associated with vorticity accumulated inside the bubble due to mass ablation may be such as to reduce the net viscous drag on the bubble exerted by the upper heavier fluid as the former rises through it.
Numerical simulation of Rayleigh-Taylor instability in ablation driven systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Verdon, C.P.
1984-01-01
Two-dimensional numerical simulations of ablatively accelerated thin shells subject to Rayleigh-Taylor instability are presented. Results for both single wavelength and multiwavelength perturbations show that the nonlinear effects of the instability are evident mainly in the bubble rather than the spike. Approximate roles for predicting the dominant nonlinear mode-mode interactions, which limit shell performance, are also discussed. The work concludes with a discussion of recommendations for future work in this area
Rego,Juliana Ordones; Franceschinelli,Edivani Villaron; Zappi,Daniela Cristina
2012-01-01
Cipocereus laniflorus N.P. Taylor & Zappi is an endemic species from the Serra do Caraça, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. In order to propose conservation strategies for this species, its reproductive strategies were investigated, including reproductive phenology, floral biology, floral visitors and breeding system. The flowering and fruiting period extends from May to October. Few flowers per plant open each night, producing up to 0.4 ml nectar, but 30% of them are nectarless. Probably po...
Three-dimensional simulations of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability during the deceleration phase
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Town, R.P.J.; Jones, B.J.; Findlay, J.D.; Bell, A.R.
1994-01-01
The growth of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in three dimensions is examined during the deceleration phase of an inertial confinement fusion implosion. A detailed discussion of the three-dimensional hydrocode, PLATO, is presented. A review of previous calculations is given, concentrating on the shape of the R-T instability in three dimensions. Results of the growth rate during the linear phase, the saturation amplitude, and the nonlinear evolution are presented. (Author)
Forty years later at Taylor Woods: Merging the old and new (P-53)
John D. Bailey
2008-01-01
The Taylor Woods "Levels-of-Growing-Stock" study was established in 1962 to create a replicated ponderosa pine density experiment for the Southwest, making a valuable addition to research in the Fort Valley Experimental Forest. Basal area treatments ranged from 5-20 m2/ha (19-80 ft2/ac) when installed, designed as growing stock levels 30/40, 60, 80, 100, 120...
H.D. Pruijt (Hans)
1996-01-01
textabstractTaylorism (keeping conception and execution apart ) is a persistent, underlying principle of many organizations. Many have pointed to drawbacks in terms of flexibility, capacity for innovation, quality, cost and employee wellbeing. There is a countermovement, particularly in
Taylor Series-Based Long-Term Creep-Life Prediction of Alloy 617
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yin, Song Nan; Kim, Woo Gon; Kim, Yong Wan; Park, Jae Young; Kim, Soen Jin
2010-01-01
In this study, a Taylor series (T-S) model based on the Arrhenius, McVetty, and Monkman-Grant equations was developed using a mathematical analysis. In order to reduce fitting errors, the McVetty equation was transformed by considering the first three terms of the Taylor series equation. The model parameters were accurately determined by a statistical technique of maximum likelihood estimation, and this model was applied to the creep data of alloy 617. The T-S model results showed better agreement with the experimental data than other models such as the Eno, exponential, and L-M models. In particular, the T-S model was converted into an isothermal Taylor series (IT-S) model that can predict the creep strength at a given temperature. It was identified that the estimations obtained using the converted ITS model was better than that obtained using the T-S model for predicting the long-term creep life of alloy 617
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fang, Xiande; Xu, Yu
2011-01-01
The empirical model of turbine efficiency is necessary for the control- and/or diagnosis-oriented simulation and useful for the simulation and analysis of dynamic performances of the turbine equipment and systems, such as air cycle refrigeration systems, power plants, turbine engines, and turbochargers. Existing empirical models of turbine efficiency are insufficient because there is no suitable form available for air cycle refrigeration turbines. This work performs a critical review of empirical models (called mean value models in some literature) of turbine efficiency and develops an empirical model in the desired form for air cycle refrigeration, the dominant cooling approach in aircraft environmental control systems. The Taylor series and regression analysis are used to build the model, with the Taylor series being used to expand functions with the polytropic exponent and the regression analysis to finalize the model. The measured data of a turbocharger turbine and two air cycle refrigeration turbines are used for the regression analysis. The proposed model is compact and able to present the turbine efficiency map. Its predictions agree with the measured data very well, with the corrected coefficient of determination R c 2 ≥ 0.96 and the mean absolute percentage deviation = 1.19% for the three turbines. -- Highlights: → Performed a critical review of empirical models of turbine efficiency. → Developed an empirical model in the desired form for air cycle refrigeration, using the Taylor expansion and regression analysis. → Verified the method for developing the empirical model. → Verified the model.
Growth of Rayleigh-Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in dynamics of plasma liners and pinches
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bud'ko, A.B.; Velikovich, A.L.; Liberman, M.A.; Felber, F.S.
1989-01-01
Perturbation growth is studied for the initial, linear stage of an instability development in the course of a cylindrically-symmetric compression and expansion of plasma liners and Z-pinches with a sharp boundary. The hydrodynamic instabilities are Rayleigh-Taylor and bulk convective ones, the former being the most dengerous. Classification of the instability modes developing in accelerated plasmas, inclusing the local and global Rayleigh-Taylor modes, is given. The spectra of the instability growth rates are calculated for plasma liners and Z-pinches. The properties of the spectra appear to explain the filamentation and stratification of plasmas observed in the experiments with liners and Z-pinches. An axial magnetic field is shown to create a window of stability in the space of the flow parameters, where th Rayleigh-Taylor modes are fully suppressed by the magnetic shear, and the bulk convective ones - to a considerable extent. The axial magnetic field required to stabilize the implosion of a liner is estimated as B z0 =(10-30 kG)I(MA)/R 0 (cm), where I is the average current, R 0 - the initial radius of the liner
Ekman-Hartmann layer in a magnetohydrodynamic Taylor-Couette flow.
Szklarski, Jacek; Rüdiger, Günther
2007-12-01
We study magnetic effects induced by rigidly rotating plates enclosing a cylindrical magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Taylor-Couette flow at the finite aspect ratio HD=10 . The fluid confined between the cylinders is assumed to be liquid metal characterized by small magnetic Prandtl number, the cylinders are perfectly conducting, an axial magnetic field is imposed with Hartmann number Ha approximately 10 , and the rotation rates correspond to Reynolds numbers of order 10(2)-10(3). We show that the end plates introduce, besides the well-known Ekman circulation, similar magnetic effects which arise for infinite, rotating plates, horizontally unbounded by any walls. In particular, there exists the Hartmann current, which penetrates the fluid, turns in the radial direction, and together with the applied magnetic field gives rise to a force. Consequently, the flow can be compared with a Taylor-Dean flow driven by an azimuthal pressure gradient. We analyze the stability of such flows and show that the currents induced by the plates can give rise to instability for the considered parameters. When designing a MHD Taylor-Couette experiment, special care must be taken concerning the vertical magnetic boundaries so that they do not significantly alter the rotational profile.
Numerical analyses of a Couette-Taylor flow in the presence of a magnetic field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tagawa, T; Kaneda, M
2005-01-01
An axisymmetric Couette-Taylor flow of liquid metal in the presence of a magnetic field has been numerically studied. An inner cylinder of a coaxial container is rotating at a constant angular velocity whereas the outer cylindrical wall is at rest. An axial or a toroidal magnetic field is applied to this configuration to investigate the influence of such magnetic fields on the liquid metal Couette-Taylor flow. The toroidal magnetic field can be produced with a straight wire along the central axis in which electric current passes. The governing equations of mass conservation, momentum, Ohm's law and conservation of electric charge for an axisymmetric cylindrical coordinate system have been numerically solved with a finite difference method using the HSMAC algorithm. In the numerical analyses, since the Joule heating and the induced magnetic field are neglected, the system parameters are the Hartmann number and the Reynolds number. The numerical results reveal significant difference in the Couette-Taylor flow depending on whether the applied magnetic field is axial or toroidal as well as on the Hartmann and Reynolds numbers. The axial magnetic field damps out the secondary flow efficiently and velocity gradient in the direction of the magnetic field tends to diminish while the toroidal magnetic field does not have such an efficient damping
DNS Study of the Turbulent Taylor-Vortex Flow on a Ribbed Inner Cylinder
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Takahiro Tsukahara
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Turbulent Taylor-vortex flows over regularly spaced square ribs mounted on a rotating inner cylinder surface were investigated using direct numerical simulations (DNSs for a Reynolds number of 3200 (based on the inner-wall velocity and the gap width between two cylinders in an apparatus with an inner-to-outer radius ratio of 0.617, while varying the streamwise interval of the ribs. We examined the flow and pressure fields around each rib, focusing on the recirculation zone, the frictional drag coefficient, and the pressure (form drag. Our results for the Taylor-Couette flows were compared to DNS for plane Poiseuille flows over ribbed surfaces performed by Leonardi et al. (2003. We determined the qualitative consistency between them with respect to the roughness effect, which depends significantly on the rib interval, but the rate of increase in the flow resistance was remarkably dampened by roughness in the present flows. Taylor vortices remaining over roughened cylinder surfaces were found to induce quick pressure recovery behind each rib, leading to less pressure drag and an enhanced backflow in the recirculation zone.
Mode transition in bubbly Taylor-Couette flow measured by PTV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yoshida, K; Tasaka, Y; Murai, Y; Takeda, T
2009-01-01
The drag acting to the inner cylinder in Taylor-Couette flow system can be reduced by bubble injection. In this research, relationship between drag reduction and change of vortical structure in a Taylor-Couette flow is investigated by Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV). The velocity vector field in the r-z cross section and the bubble concentration in the front view (z-θ plane) are measured. This paper describes the change of vortical structures with bubbles, and the mode transition that is sensitively affected by the bubbles is discussed. The bubbles accumulate in the three parts relative to vortex position by the interaction between bubbles and vortices. The status of bubble's distribution is different depending on position. This difference affects mode transition as its trigger significantly. The presence of bubbles affects the transition from toroidal mode to spiral mode but does not induce the transition from spiral mode to toroidal mode. Further we found that Taylor vortex bifurcates and a pair of vortices coalesces when the flow switches between spiral mode and toroidal mode.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adams, Colin Stuart [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
2015-01-15
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability causes mixing in plasmas throughout the universe, from micron-scale plasmas in inertial confinement fusion implosions to parsec-scale supernova remnants. The evolution of this interchange instability in a plasma is influenced by the presence of viscosity and magnetic fields, both of which have the potential to stabilize short-wavelength modes. Very few experimental observations of Rayleigh-Taylor growth in plasmas with stabilizing mechanisms are reported in the literature, and those that are reported are in sub-millimeter scale plasmas that are difficult to diagnose. Experimental observations in well-characterized plasmas are important for validation of computational models used to make design predictions for inertial confinement fusion efforts. This dissertation presents observations of instability growth during the interaction between a high Mach-number, initially un-magnetized plasma jet and a stagnated, magnetized plasma. A multi-frame fast camera captures Rayleigh-Taylor-instability growth while interferometry, spectroscopy, photodiode, and magnetic probe diagnostics are employed to estimate plasma parameters in the vicinity of the collision. As the instability grows, an evolution to longer mode wavelength is observed. Comparisons of experimental data with idealized magnetohydrodynamic simulations including a physical viscosity model suggest that the observed instability evolution is consistent with both magnetic and viscous stabilization. These data provide the opportunity to benchmark computational models used in astrophysics and fusion research.
Torque scaling in small-gap Taylor-Couette flow with smooth or grooved wall
Zhu, Bihai; Ji, Zengqi; Lou, Zhengkun; Qian, Pengcheng
2018-03-01
The torque in the Taylor-Couette flow for radius ratios η ≥0.97 , with smooth or grooved wall static outer cylinders, is studied experimentally, with the Reynolds number of the inner cylinder reaching up to Rei=2 ×105 , corresponding to the Taylor number up to Ta =5 ×1010 . The grooves are perpendicular to the mean flow, and similar to the structure of a submersible motor stator. It is found that the dimensionless torque G , at a given Rei and η , is significantly greater for grooved cases than smooth cases. We compare our experimental torques for the smooth cases to the fit proposed by Wendt [F. Wendt, Ing.-Arch. 4, 577 (1993), 10.1007/BF02084936] and the fit proposed by Bilgen and Boulos [E. Bilgen and R. Boulos, J Fluids Eng. 95, 122 (1973), 10.1115/1.3446944], which shows both fits are outside their range for small gaps. Furthermore, an additional dimensionless torque (angular velocity flux) N uω in the smooth cases exhibits an effective scaling of N uω˜T a0.39 in the ultimate regime, which occurs at a lower Taylor number, Ta ≈3.5 ×107 , than the well-explored η =0.714 case (at Ta ≈3 ×108 ). The same effective scaling exponent, 0.39, is also evident in the grooved cases, but for η =0.97 and 0.985, there is a peak before this exponent appears.
Ring-bursting behavior en route to turbulence in narrow-gap Taylor-Couette flows.
Altmeyer, Sebastian; Do, Younghae; Lai, Ying-Cheng
2015-11-01
We investigate the Taylor-Couette system where the radius ratio is close to unity. Systematically increasing the Reynolds number, we observe a number of previously known transitions, such as one from the classical Taylor vortex flow (TVF) to wavy vortex flow (WVF) and the transition to fully developed turbulence. Prior to the onset of turbulence, we observe intermittent bursting patterns of localized turbulent patches, confirming the experimentally observed pattern of very short wavelength bursts (VSWBs). A striking finding is that, for a Reynolds number larger than that for the onset of VSWBs, a new type of intermittently bursting behavior emerges: patterns of azimuthally closed rings of various orders. We call them ring-bursting patterns, which surround the cylinder completely but remain localized and separated in the axial direction through nonturbulent wavy structures. We employ a number of quantitative measures including the cross-flow energy to characterize the ring-bursting patterns and to distinguish them from the background flow. These patterns are interesting because they do not occur in the wide-gap Taylor-Couette flow systems. The narrow-gap regime is less studied but certainly deserves further attention to gain deeper insights into complex flow dynamics in fluids.
Effect of gas expansion on the front shape of a Taylor bubble: an experimental contribution
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Santos Laura
2014-03-01
Full Text Available An experimental study where an individual Taylor bubble rises through water with different bubble volume expansion rates is presented with the (front bubble shape determination as main objective. A combination of two techniques, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV and Pulsed Shadowgraphy (PS, was used to collect images for further treatment in order to characterize the liquid flow pattern in front of the bubble and the bubble shape. Processing the images acquired with pulsed illumination from behind the bubble it was possible to define with precision the bubble shape at different stages when it was expanding. The operation conditions used allowed a wide range of volume expansion rates (0 to 28.5 × 10-6 m3/s with a significant effect on the Taylor bubble velocity; increases in bubble velocity up to 21% were observed relatively to constant volume system condition. Nevertheless, it seems that the front shape of Taylor bubbles does not change significantly with the upward liquid flow rates induced by gas expansion, at least for the volume expansion rates used in the experiments.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tracy L. Stockley
2016-10-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The clinical utility of molecular profiling of tumor tissue to guide treatment of patients with advanced solid tumors is unknown. Our objectives were to evaluate the frequency of genomic alterations, clinical “actionability” of somatic variants, enrollment in mutation-targeted or other clinical trials, and outcome of molecular profiling for advanced solid tumor patients at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (PM. Methods Patients with advanced solid tumors aged ≥18 years, good performance status, and archival tumor tissue available were prospectively consented. DNA from archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue was tested using a MALDI-TOF MS hotspot panel or a targeted next generation sequencing (NGS panel. Somatic variants were classified according to clinical actionability and an annotated report included in the electronic medical record. Oncologists were provided with summary tables of their patients’ molecular profiling results and available mutation-specific clinical trials. Enrolment in genotype-matched versus genotype-unmatched clinical trials following release of profiling results and response by RECIST v1.1 criteria were evaluated. Results From March 2012 to July 2014, 1893 patients were enrolled and 1640 tested. After a median follow-up of 18 months, 245 patients (15 % who were tested were subsequently treated on 277 therapeutic clinical trials, including 84 patients (5 % on 89 genotype-matched trials. The overall response rate was higher in patients treated on genotype-matched trials (19 % compared with genotype-unmatched trials (9 %; p < 0.026. In a multi-variable model, trial matching by genotype (p = 0.021 and female gender (p = 0.034 were the only factors associated with increased likelihood of treatment response. Conclusions Few advanced solid tumor patients enrolled in a prospective institutional molecular profiling trial were treated subsequently on genotype
76 FR 59416 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board
2011-09-26
... Goode, Brendan Gowadia, Huban Grade, Deborah C. Gramlick, Carl Graves, Margaret Griffin, Robert P., Ph.D..., Perry J. Robles, Alfonso Roche, William Rogers, Debra Rossides, Gale D. Russell, Anthony Rynes, Joel...
77 FR 60450 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board
2012-10-03
..., Deborah C. Gramlick, Carl Graves, Margaret Griffin, Edward Grimm, Michael Gross-Davis, Leslie Grossman.... Rogers, Debra Roy, Donna Russell, Anthony A. Russell, Michael Rynes, Joel Salazar, Ronald Sampson...
78 FR 44577 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board
2013-07-24
... Gersten, David Gina, Allen Goode, Brendan Gowadia, Huban Grade, Deborah C. Gramlick, Carl Graves, Margaret.... Roche, William W. Rodriguez, Waldemar Rogers, Debra Rudolph, Alan Ruppel, Joanna Russell, Anthony A...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Casner, A.; Galmiche, D.; Huser, G.; Jadaud, J.P.; Richard, A.; Liberatore, S.; Vandenboomgaerde, M. [CEA Bruyeres-le-Chatel, 91 (France)
2009-07-01
The mastering of the development of hydrodynamic instabilities like Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities is an important milestone on the way to perform efficient laser implosions. The complexity of these instabilities implies an experimental validation of the theoretical models and their computer simulations. An experimental platform involving the Omega laser has allowed us to perform indirect drive with rugby-shaped hohlraums. The experiments have validated the growth of 2- and 3-dimensional initial defects as predicted by theory. We have shown that the 3-dimensional defect saturates for an higher amplitude than the 2-dimensional one does. The experiments have been made by using a plastic shell doped with Germanium (CH:Ge). (A.C.)
Hea energia festival / Margaret Tali
Tali, Margaret
2006-01-01
Augusti tantsufestivali 2005 lavastustest - Rasmus Ölme "Rasmus Kosmos", Paz Rojo "Basic Dance", Eddie Laddi "Sawn-off Scarface", Krõõt Juuraku, Raido Mägi, Mart Kangro ja Merle Saarva ning saksofonist Ursula Saali ühisprojekt "Positsioonid", "ZUGA müüt ja tegelikkus", Xavier Le Roy "Projekt" ja Jo Str̤mgreni "The Hospidal"
Iveson, Alexander A.; Webster, James D.; Rowe, Michael C.; Neill, Owen K.
2016-03-01
The halogen-bearing minerals tourmaline, amphibole, and biotite formed during magmatic-hydrothermal processes associated with the late-stage cooling of the Spirit Lake granitoid pluton (Mt. St. Helens, WA) and with the younger sulphide-mineralised rocks of the Margaret Cu-Mo porphyry deposit located entirely within the pluton. Major- and trace-element discrimination suggests that one tourmaline population crystallised from fractionated late-stage melt pockets in granodiorite-monzogranitic dykes of the pluton. These coarse, euhedral, oscillatory, and complexly sector-zoned uvite tourmalines span a limited range in Mg/(Mg + Fe) [Mg#] space (0.4-0.7 apfu) and show the highest Ti, Ca, F, Nb, and Ta contents, and low X-site vacancies (X-site vacancies (>0.6 apfu), lower Ca and F contents, and the highest Li, As, and HREE contents (>80 ppm Li, >1200 ppm As). This population appears to record direct, rapid crystallisation from magmatic ± meteoric fluid(s) bearing the signature of the breakdown of primary feldspars and pyroxenes, with fluid exsolution from fractionated melt patches likely triggered by the formation of the previous generation of tourmaline. Mineralised porphyry deposit tourmaline compositions from the stockwork span a much larger range in Mg# space (0.05-0.9 apfu) and are almost entirely Ca-free. X-sites of these schorl tourmalines are dominated by Na or vacancies, and the Y-sites are strongly Fe enriched. The highest Mn and Zn concentrations (>4000 and >1000 ppm, respectively) potentially reflect the composition of mineralising fluids during ore deposition. A number of boron isotopic analyses yield predominantly heavy boron, but δ11B values range from -5.2 to 6.2 ‰ and average 1.4 ‰. Whilst most plutonic tourmalines conform to reported a- and c-sector element partitioning models, those from the mineralised porphyry show large and variable sector fractionation differences, suggesting that external controls may also be important. Wider evidence for
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Azevedo, Marcos B. de; Faccini, Jose L.H.; Su, Jian
2015-01-01
The present work reports an experimental study of single Taylor bubbles rising in vertical tubes filled with water-glycerin mixtures by using the pulse-echo ultrasonic technique. A 2m long acrylic tube with inner diameter of 24 mm was used in the experiments. Initially, the tube was sealed at the ends and filled partially with the liquid mixtures to leave an air pocket of length L 0 at the top end. A Taylor bubble was formed by the inversion of the tube. The rising bubbles were detected by ultrasonic transducers located at the upper part of the tube. The velocity, the length and the pro le of the bubbles and the thickness of the liquid lm around them were obtained from the ultrasonic signals processing. The liquid lm thickness in the vertical tube was also determined by a graphic method that relates the bubble length L b with the initial length of the air pocket L 0 . It was observed that the bubble velocity decreased with increasing viscosity, while the lm thickness increased. It was shown that the liquid lm thickness determined by the graphic method fitted well the higher viscosities data, but overestimated the lower viscosities data. Additionally, the results indicated that some correlations developed to estimate the thickness of liquid films falling down inside/outside of tubes and down a plane surface could be applied to estimate the thickness of liquid films falling around Taylor bubbles in an Inverse Viscosity Number (N f ) range different to those considered in the literature. (author)
Two-equation and multi-fluid turbulence models for Rayleigh–Taylor mixing
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kokkinakis, I.W.; Drikakis, D.; Youngs, D.L.; Williams, R.J.R.
2015-01-01
Highlights: • We present a new improved version of the K–L model. • The improved K–L is found in good agreement with the multi-fluid model and ILES. • The study concerns Rayleigh–Taylor flows at initial density ratios 3:1 and 20:1. - Abstract: This paper presents a new, improved version of the K–L model, as well as a detailed investigation of K–L and multi-fluid models with reference to high-resolution implicit large eddy simulations of compressible Rayleigh–Taylor mixing. The accuracy of the models is examined for different interface pressures and specific heat ratios for Rayleigh–Taylor flows at initial density ratios 3:1 and 20:1. It is shown that the original version of the K–L model requires modifications in order to provide comparable results to the multi-fluid model. The modifications concern the addition of an enthalpy diffusion term to the energy equation; the formulation of the turbulent kinetic energy (source) term in the K equation; and the calculation of the local Atwood number. The proposed modifications significantly improve the results of the K–L model, which are found in good agreement with the multi-fluid model and implicit large eddy simulations with respect to the self-similar mixing width; peak turbulent kinetic energy growth rate, as well as volume fraction and turbulent kinetic energy profiles. However, a key advantage of the two-fluid model is that it can represent the degree of molecular mixing in a direct way, by transferring mass between the two phases. The limitations of the single-fluid K–L model as well as the merits of more advanced Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes models are also discussed throughout the paper.
Non-Newtonian Hele-Shaw Flow and the Saffman-Taylor Instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kondic, L.; Shelley, M.J.; Palffy-Muhoray, P.
1998-01-01
We explore the Saffman-Taylor instability of a gas bubble expanding into a shear thinning liquid in a radial Hele-Shaw cell. Using Darcy close-quote s law generalized for non-Newtonian fluids, we perform simulations of the full dynamical problem. The simulations show that shear thinning significantly influences the developing interfacial patterns. Shear thinning can suppress tip splitting, and produce fingers which oscillate during growth and shed side branches. Emergent length scales show reasonable agreement with a general linear stability analysis. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability under electrical pulse discharge in water
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kononov, A.V.; Porytskyy, P.V.; Starchyk, P.D.; Voitenko, L.M.
1999-01-01
The development of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability is studied on the interface between both the plasma channel and liquid medium under an electrical pulse discharge in water.It is shown that,growth of the irregularities of the contact interface leads to the increasing of heat flux from the discharge channel due to the growth of an interfacial area and the incoming of water matter into a discharge channel.As a result of these processes the characteristics of the discharge may be strongly varied
Initial value problem for Rayleigh--Taylor instability of viscous fluids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Menikoff, R.; Mjolsness, R.C.; Sharp, D.H.; Zemach, C.; Doyle, B.J.
1978-01-01
The initial value problem associated with the development of small amplitude disturbances in Rayleigh--Taylor unstable, viscous, incompressible fluids is studied. Solutions to the linearized equations of motion which satisfy general initial conditions are obtained in terms of Fourier--Laplace transforms of the hydrodynamic variables, without restriction on the density or viscosity of either fluid. When the two fluids have equal kinematic viscosities, these transforms can be inverted explicitly to express the fluid variables as integrals of Green's functions multiplied by initial data. In addition to normal modes, a set of continuum modes, not treated explicitly in the literature, makes an important contribution to the development of the fluid motion
Rayleigh-Taylor and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities in targets accelerated by laser ablation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Emery, M.H.; Gardner, J.H.; Boris, J.P.
1982-01-01
With use of the fast2d laser-shell model, the acceleration of a 20-μm-thick plastic foil up to 160 km/s has been simulated. It is possible to follow the Rayleigh-Taylor bubble-and-spike development far into the nonlinear regime and beyond the point of foil fragmentation. Strong shear flow develops which evolves into the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The Kelvin-Helmholtz instability causes the tips of the spikes to widen and as a result reduce their rate of ''fall.''
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Reckinger, Scott James [Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States); Livescu, Daniel [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Vasilyev, Oleg V. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
2016-09-02
A comprehensive numerical methodology has been developed that handles the challenges introduced by considering the compressive nature of Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) systems, which include sharp interfacial density gradients on strongly stratified background states, acoustic wave generation and removal at computational boundaries, and stratification-dependent vorticity production. The computational framework is used to simulate two-dimensional single-mode RTI to extreme late-times for a wide range of flow compressibility and variable density effects. The results show that flow compressibility acts to reduce the growth of RTI for low Atwood numbers, as predicted from linear stability analysis.
The Ekman-Hartmann layer in MHD Taylor-Couette flow
Szklarski, Jacek; Rüdiger, Günther
2007-01-01
We study magnetic effects induced by rigidly rotating plates enclosing a cylindrical MHD Taylor-Couette flow at the finite aspect ratio $H/D=10$. The fluid confined between the cylinders is assumed to be liquid metal characterized by small magnetic Prandtl number, the cylinders are perfectly conducting, an axial magnetic field is imposed $\\Ha \\approx 10$, the rotation rates correspond to $\\Rey$ of order $10^2-10^3$. We show that the end-plates introduce, besides the well known Ekman circulati...
Theory of current instability experiments in magnetic Taylor-Couette flows
Ruediger, G.; Schultz, M.; Shalybkov, D.; Hollerbach, R.
2006-01-01
We consider the linear stability of dissipative MHD Taylor-Couette flow with imposed toroidal magnetic fields. The inner and outer cylinders can be either insulating or conducting; the inner one rotates, the outer one is stationary. The magnetic Prandtl number can be as small as 10-5, approaching realistic liquid-metal values. The magnetic field destabilizes the flow, except for radial profiles of B$_\\phi$(R) close to the current-free solution. The profile with B$_{in}$=B$_{out}$ (the most un...
Some investigations on the mean and fluctuating velocities of an oscillating Taylor bubble
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Madani, Sara, E-mail: madani1@ualberta.ca [LEMTA, Nancy-University, CNRS UMR 7563, 2 avenue de la Foret de Haye, BP. 160, 54504 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex (France); Caballina, Ophelie; Souhar, Mohamed [LEMTA, Nancy-University, CNRS UMR 7563, 2 avenue de la Foret de Haye, BP. 160, 54504 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex (France)
2012-11-15
Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The unsteady motion of an oscillating Taylor bubble has been studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A non-dimensionalized velocity differential equation is numerically solved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The role of dimensionless numbers on the dynamics of the bubble is highlighted. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mean and fluctuating velocities and the phase shift are experimentally investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Correlations allowing the prediction of these latter parameters are proposed. - Abstract: The slug flow characterized by large elongated bubbles also called Taylor bubbles is widely encountered in nuclear reactor steam generators, cooling plants, reboilers, etc. The analysis of slug flow is very important as the instability caused by such flows can affect the safety features of nuclear reactors and other two-phase flow equipments. In this paper, we study the motion of a Taylor bubble rising in stagnant fluids in a vertical oscillating pipe. The investigation is restricted to high Reynolds numbers and to an intermediate range of Bond numbers where the effects of surface tension can be considered. The Froude number ranged between 0.22 and 0.33. Firstly, detailed analysis of models proposed in the literature for the motion of a Taylor bubble in an unsteady acceleration field is realized. The velocity differential equation obtained in the case of potential and axisymmetric flow without surface tension given in the literature is first non-dimensionalized to highlight dimensionless numbers. Then, the instantaneous velocity of the bubble is numerically determined. Mean and fluctuating velocities as well as the phase shift (U{sup Macron }{sub b}, U{sub f} and {phi}) are estimated by using a technique based on the nonlinear least squares method. Results enable a discussion on the role played by dimensionless numbers on the dynamics of the bubble. It is found that the two parameters, the relative acceleration and
One-loop Parke-Taylor factors for quadratic propagators from massless scattering equations
Gomez, Humberto; Lopez-Arcos, Cristhiam; Talavera, Pedro
2017-10-01
In this paper we reconsider the Cachazo-He-Yuan construction (CHY) of the so called scattering amplitudes at one-loop, in order to obtain quadratic propagators. In theories with colour ordering the key ingredient is the redefinition of the Parke-Taylor factors. After classifying all the possible one-loop CHY-integrands we conjecture a new one-loop amplitude for the massless Bi-adjoint Φ3 theory. The prescription directly reproduces the quadratic propagators of the traditional Feynman approach.
Datos en tiempo real: una aplicación a la regla de Taylor en Colombia
Bernal Nisperuza, Gloria Lucía; Táutiva Pradere, Johanna
2011-01-01
Los datos de variables macroeconómicas usados por los agentes y hacedores de política para la toma de decisiones y aquellos usados por los investigadores para la evaluación de dichas decisiones podrían no ser comparables, pues estos últimos son revisados y actualizados continuamente por las entidades estadísticas. Este trabajo construye una base de datos en tiempo real del PIB real de Colombia y estima una regla de Taylor usando dichos datos versus datos revisados. Se encuentra que el coefici...
A Study of Heat Transfer and Flow Characteristics of Rising Taylor Bubbles
Scammell, Alexander David
2016-01-01
Practical application of flow boiling to ground- and space-based thermal management systems hinges on the ability to predict the systems heat removal capabilities under expected operating conditions. Research in this field has shown that the heat transfer coefficient within two-phase heat exchangers can be largely dependent on the experienced flow regime. This finding has inspired an effort to develop mechanistic heat transfer models for each flow pattern which are likely to outperform traditional empirical correlations. As a contribution to the effort, this work aimed to identify the heat transfer mechanisms for the slug flow regime through analysis of individual Taylor bubbles.An experimental apparatus was developed to inject single vapor Taylor bubbles into co-currently flowing liquid HFE 7100. The heat transfer was measured as the bubble rose through a 6 mm inner diameter heated tube using an infrared thermography technique. High-speed flow visualization was obtained and the bubble film thickness measured in an adiabatic section. Experiments were conducted at various liquid mass fluxes (43-200 kgm2s) and gravity levels (0.01g-1.8g) to characterize the effect of bubble drift velocityon the heat transfer mechanisms. Variable gravity testing was conducted during a NASA parabolic flight campaign.Results from the experiments showed that the drift velocity strongly affects the hydrodynamics and heat transfer of single elongated bubbles. At low gravity levels, bubbles exhibited shapes characteristic of capillary flows and the heat transfer enhancement due to the bubble was dominated by conduction through the thin film. At moderate to high gravity, traditional Taylor bubbles provided small values of enhancement within the film, but large peaks in the wake heat transfer occurred due to turbulent vortices induced by the film plunging into the trailing liquid slug. Characteristics of the wake heat transfer profiles were analyzed and related to the predicted velocity field
Strong stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability by material strength at Mbar pressures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Park, H S; Lorenz, K T; Cavallo, R M; Pollaine, S M; Prisbrey, S T; Rudd, R E; Becker, R C; Bernier, J V; Remington, B A
2009-11-19
Experimental results showing significant reductions from classical in the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability growth rate due to high pressure effective lattice viscosity are presented. Using a laser created ramped drive, vanadium samples are compressed and accelerated quasi-isentropically at {approx}1 Mbar pressures, while maintaining the sample in the solid-state. Comparisons with simulations and theory indicate that the high pressure, high strain rate conditions trigger a phonon drag mechanism, resulting in the observed high effective lattice viscosity and strong stabilization of the RT instability.
High-Speed Solution of Spacecraft Trajectory Problems Using Taylor Series Integration
Scott, James R.; Martini, Michael C.
2010-01-01
It has been known for some time that Taylor series (TS) integration is among the most efficient and accurate numerical methods in solving differential equations. However, the full benefit of the method has yet to be realized in calculating spacecraft trajectories, for two main reasons. First, most applications of Taylor series to trajectory propagation have focused on relatively simple problems of orbital motion or on specific problems and have not provided general applicability. Second, applications that have been more general have required use of a preprocessor, which inevitably imposes constraints on computational efficiency. The latter approach includes the work of Berryman et al., who solved the planetary n-body problem with relativistic effects. Their work specifically noted the computational inefficiencies arising from use of a preprocessor and pointed out the potential benefit of manually coding derivative routines. In this Engineering Note, we report on a systematic effort to directly implement Taylor series integration in an operational trajectory propagation code: the Spacecraft N-Body Analysis Program (SNAP). The present Taylor series implementation is unique in that it applies to spacecraft virtually anywhere in the solar system and can be used interchangeably with another integration method. SNAP is a high-fidelity trajectory propagator that includes force models for central body gravitation with N X N harmonics, other body gravitation with N X N harmonics, solar radiation pressure, atmospheric drag (for Earth orbits), and spacecraft thrusting (including shadowing). The governing equations are solved using an eighth-order Runge-Kutta Fehlberg (RKF) single-step method with variable step size control. In the present effort, TS is implemented by way of highly integrated subroutines that can be used interchangeably with RKF. This makes it possible to turn TS on or off during various phases of a mission. Current TS force models include central body
The Aspect Ratio Dependence of the Attractor Dimension in Taylor-Couette Flow
1988-01-01
and G. Iooss,"Calcul des solutions bifurquees pour le probl~me de Couette-Taylor avec les deux cylindres en rotation", J. Mec. theor applique Numero ...Procaccia and Badii-Politi algorithms. The aspect ratio was varied between 19.9 and 34.48 and the inner cylinder Reynolds numbers ranged between R/Rej...11 and R/Rc = 15, where Rc is the critical Reynolds number for the primary instability.) The variation of the dimension with Reynolds number was
Analytic continuation of tensor fields along geodesics by means of covariant Taylor series
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tsirulev, A.N.
1995-01-01
It is shown that covariant derivatives of all orders of arbitrary tensor field, curvature and torsion on a submanifold in the directions of normal geodesics to the submanifold, together with analytical conditions, define the tensor field in a normal neighbourhood of the submanifold introduced analogously to a normal neighbourhood of a point, by means of Taylor series with tensor coefficients. Evident formulae defined a recurrent procedure for calculation of the series coefficient in any order are obtain. Particular cases of the expansions of a pseudo-Riemannian metric by relation to the metric connection without torsion are considered for a point and a hypersurface. 6 refs
Ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the limit of an infinitely large density ratio
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clavin, P.; Almarcha, Ch.
2005-01-01
The instability of ablation fronts strongly accelerated toward the dense medium under the conditions of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is addressed in the limit of an infinitely large density ratio. The analysis serves to demonstrate that the flow is irrotational to first order, reducing the nonlinear analysis to solve a two-potential flows problem. Vorticity appears at the following orders in the perturbation analysis. This result simplifies greatly the analysis. The possibility for using boundary integral methods opens new perspectives in the nonlinear theory of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability in ICF. A few examples are given at the end of the paper. (authors)
Revisiting the Effects of Compressibility on the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhou Qianhong; Li Ding
2007-01-01
The effects of compressibility on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) are investigated. It is shown that the controversy over compressibility effects in the previous studies is due to improper comparison, in which the density varying effect obscures the real role of compressibility. After eliminating the density varying effect, it is found that the compressibility destabilizes RTI in both the cases of constant density and exponentially varying density when M T or greater values of gravity g, and the increment in the growth rate produced by compressibility depends inversely on the pressure p or the ratio of specific heat Γ
Simple model of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, collapse, and structural elements
Goncharov, V. P.; Pavlov, V. I.
2013-08-01
The mechanisms and structural elements of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability whose evolution results in the occurrence of the collapse have been studied in the scope of the rotating shallow water model with horizontal density gradient. Analysis of the instability mechanism shows that two collapse scenarios are possible. One scenario implies anisotropic collapse during which the contact area of a collapsing fragment with the bottom contracts into a spinning segment. The other implies isotropic contracting of the area into a point. The rigorous integral criteria and power laws of collapses are found.
Methode de Taylor dans la prise en charge de la perforation des ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Les auteurs rapportent 43 cas de péritonite par perforation d'ulcère gastrique ou duodénal dont l'évolution a été favorable sous traitement non opératoire. La méthode de Taylor est efficace si les critères de sélection des patients sont rigoureux. C'est un traitement qui doit être vulgarisé car il est simple et non agressif pour ...
Theoretical and numerical study of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in magnetized plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Andrei, A. Ivanov
2001-06-01
In this thesis we're studying both the general case of the 'classic' Rayleigh-Taylor instability (in incompressible fluids) and more specific cases of the instabilities of Rayleigh-Taylor type in magnetized plasmas, in the liners or wire array implosions etc. We have studied the influence of the Hall diffusion of magnetic field on the growth rate of the instability. We have obtained in this work a self-similar solution for the widening of the initial profile of the magnetic field and for the wave of the penetration of magnetic field. After that the subsequent evolution of the magnetic field in plasma opening switches (POS) has been examined. We have shown the possibility of the existence of a strong rarefaction wave for collisional and non-collisional cases. This wave can explain the phenomenon of the opening of POS. The effect of the suppression of Rayleigh-Taylor instability by forced oscillations of the boundary between two fluids permits us to propose some ideas for the experiments of inertial fusion. We have considered the general case of the instability, in other words - two incompressible viscous superposed fluids in a gravitational field. We have obtained an exact analytical expression for the growth rate and then we have analyzed the influence of the parameters of external 'pumping' on the instability. These results can be applied to a wide range of systems, starting from classic hydrodynamics and up to astrophysical plasmas. The scheme of wire arrays has become recently a very popular method to obtain a high power X-radiation or for a high quality implosion in Z-pinches. The experimental studies have demonstrated that the results of implosion are much better for the case of multiple thin wires situated cylindrically than in a usual liner scheme. We have examined the problem modeling the stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability for a wire array system. The reason for instability suppression is the regular spatial modulation of the surface plasma
Reproducing kernel method with Taylor expansion for linear Volterra integro-differential equations
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Azizallah Alvandi
2017-06-01
Full Text Available This research aims of the present a new and single algorithm for linear integro-differential equations (LIDE. To apply the reproducing Hilbert kernel method, there is made an equivalent transformation by using Taylor series for solving LIDEs. Shown in series form is the analytical solution in the reproducing kernel space and the approximate solution $ u_{N} $ is constructed by truncating the series to $ N $ terms. It is easy to prove the convergence of $ u_{N} $ to the analytical solution. The numerical solutions from the proposed method indicate that this approach can be implemented easily which shows attractive features.
Mixing and axial dispersion in Taylor-Couette flow: experimental and numerical study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nemri, M.
2013-01-01
Taylor-Couette flows between two concentric cylinders have great potential applications in chemical engineering. They are particularly convenient for two-phase small scale devices enabling solvent extraction operations. An experimental device was designed with this idea in mind. It consists of two concentric cylinders with the inner one rotating and the outer one fixed. Taylor-Couette flows take place in the annular gap between them, and are known to evolve towards turbulence through a sequence of successive instabilities. Macroscopic quantities, such as axial dispersion and mixing index, are extremely sensitive to these flow structures, which may lead to flawed modelling of the coupling between hydrodynamics and mass transfer. This particular point has been studied both experimentally and numerically. The flow and mixing have been characterized by means of flow visualization and simultaneous PIV (Particle Imaging Velocimetry) and PLIF (Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence) measurements. PLIF visualizations showed clear evidences of different transport mechanisms including 'intra-vortex mixing' and 'inter-vortex mixing'. Under WVF and MWVF regimes, intra-vortex mixing is controlled by chaotic advection, due to the 3D nature of the flow, while inter-vortex transport occurs due to the presence of waves between neighboring vortices. The combination of these two mechanisms results in enhanced axial dispersion. We showed that hysteresis may occur between consecutive regimes depending on flow history and this may have a significant effect on mixing for a given Reynolds number. The axial dispersion coefficient Dx evolution along the successive flow states was investigated thanks to dye Residence Time Distribution measurements (RTD) and particle tracking (DNS). Both experimental and numerical results have confirmed the significant effect of the flow structure and history on axial dispersion. Our study confirmed that the commonly used 1-parameter chemical engineering models (e
Magnetic field generation in Rayleigh-Taylor unstable inertial confinement fusion plasmas.
Srinivasan, Bhuvana; Dimonte, Guy; Tang, Xian-Zhu
2012-04-20
Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities (RTI) in inertial confinement fusion implosions are expected to generate magnetic fields. A Hall-MHD model is used to study the field generation by 2D single-mode and multimode RTI in a stratified two-fluid plasma. Self-generated magnetic fields are predicted and these fields grow as the RTI progresses via the ∇n(e)×∇T(e) term in the generalized Ohm's law. Scaling studies are performed to determine the growth of the self-generated magnetic field as a function of density, acceleration, Atwood number, and perturbation wavelength.
Taylor-plasticity-based analysis of length scale effects in void growth
Liu, Junxian
2014-09-25
We have studied the void growth problem by employing the Taylor-based strain gradient plasticity theories, from which we have chosen the following three, namely, the mechanism-based strain gradient (MSG) plasticity (Gao et al 1999 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 47 1239, Huang et al 2000 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 48 99-128), the Taylor-based nonlocal theory (TNT; 2001 Gao and Huang 2001 Int. J. Solids Struct. 38 2615) and the conventional theory of MSG (CMSG; Huang et al 2004 Int. J. Plast. 20 753). We have addressed the following three issues which occur when plastic deformation at the void surface is unconstrained. (1) Effects of elastic deformation. Elasticity is essential for cavitation instability. It is therefore important to guarantee that the gradient term entering the Taylor model is the effective plastic strain gradient instead of the total strain gradient. We propose a simple elastic-plastic decomposition method. When the void size approaches the minimum allowable initial void size related to the maximum allowable geometrically necessary dislocation density, overestimation of the flow stress due to the negligence of the elastic strain gradient is on the order of lεY/R0 near the void surface, where l, εY and R0 are, respectively, the intrinsic material length scale, the yield strain and the initial void radius. (2) MSG intrinsic inconsistency, which was initially mentioned in Gao et al (1999 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 47 1239) but has not been the topic of follow-up studies. We realize that MSG higher-order stress arises due to the linear-strain-field approximation within the mesoscale cell with a nonzero size, lε. Simple analysis shows that within an MSG mesoscale cell near the void surface, the difference between microscale and mesoscale strains is on the order of (lε/R0)2, indicating that when lε/R0 ∼ 1.0, the higher-order stress effect can make the MSG result considerably different from the TNT or CMSG results. (3) Critical condition for cavitation instability
Proton Beam Fast Ignition Fusion: Synergy of Weibel and Rayleigh-Taylor Instabilities
Stefan, V. Alexander
2011-04-01
The proton beam generation and focusing in fast ignition inertial confinement fusion is studied. The spatial and energy spread of the proton beam generated in a laser-solid interaction is increased due to the synergy of Weibel and Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The focal spot radius can reach 100 μm, which is nearly an order of magnitude larger than the optimal value. The energy spread decreases the beam deposition energy in the focal spot. Under these conditions, ignition of a precompressed DT fuel is achieved with the beam powers much higher than the values presently in consideration. Work supported in part by NIKOLA TESLA Laboratories (Stefan University), La Jolla, CA.
Comparative Analysis of Uniaxial Strain Shock Tests and Taylor Tests for Armor and Maraging Steels
Mescheryakov, Yu. I.; Zhigacheva, N. I.; Petrov, Yu. A.; Divakov, A. K.; Cline, C. F.
2004-07-01
High-strength constructional 38KhN3MFA steel and 02H18К9M5-BИ maraging steel were tested to determine the yield stress under dynamic loading. The 38KhN3MFA steel was used as central test material to work out the experimental technique. For both kinds of steel the results obtained in the plane shock tests under uniaxial strain condition show approximately the identical yield stress values as those obtained in Taylor tests. Cracking of maraging steel occurs along the shock-induced austenite bands where microhardness is much smaller than that for the rest of the matrix.
Comparative analysis of uniaxial strain shock tests and Taylor tests for armor and maraging steels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mescheryakov, Yu.I.; Zhigacheva, N.I.; Petrov, Yu.A.; Divakov, A.K.; Cline, C.F.
2004-01-01
High-strength constructional 38KhN3MFA steel and 02H18Kcy9M5-BIcy maraging steel were tested to determine the yield stress under dynamic loading. The 38KhN3MFA steel was used as central test material to work out the experimental technique. For both kinds of steel the results obtained in the plane shock tests under uniaxial strain condition show approximately the identical yield stress values as those obtained in Taylor tests. Cracking of maraging steel occurs along the shock-induced austenite bands where microhardness is much smaller than that for the rest of the matrix
Ahn, Ho-Young Anthony; Wu, Lei; Taylor, Ronald E
2013-01-01
Using Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel as a theoretical framework, this study examines the communication approach (transmission or ritual) and message strategy (ego, social, sensory, routine, acute need, or ration) of cosmetic surgery websites. A content analysis revealed a fairly even division between transmission and ritual approaches. Ration strategy was the exclusive strategy in the websites adopting a transmission approach. No routine or acute need strategies were observed. Websites incorporating the ritual approach used ego, social, and sensory strategies. Human female models and natural objects were incorporated to deliver emotional persuasion. Implications for cosmetic surgery web marketers are discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luciana Sanches
2010-12-01
Full Text Available O coeficiente Priestley-Taylor (α foi calculado baseado na estimativa da evapotranspiração pelo método de Bowen para floresta monodominante Vochysia divergens no Pantanal, Brasil. A área em estudo estava localizada no noroeste do Pantanal a aproximadamente 160 km de Cuiabá, Mato Grossso, Brasil (16º39'50''S; 56º47'50''O. Medições micrometeorológicas contínuas, em uma torre a uma altura de 32 m de altura, foram feitas de janeiro a dezembro de 2007. A evapotranspiração variou de 2,50 mm dia-1 (estação seca a 4,10 mm dia-1 (estação úmida. O coeficiente Pristley-Taylor (α variou durante o ano com valores máximos e mínimos nas estações seca e úmida, respectivamente, com média anual de 0,65 ± 0,18 de acordo com o padrão climático da área em estudo em função do aumento do conteúdo de água no solo/lâmina d'água de inundação e/ou diminuição na demanda evaporativa. Com a determinação empírica das dimensões de α, as estimativas da evapotranspiração podem ser melhoradas para florestas de Vochysia divergens na planície de inundação do Pantanal.The Priestley-Taylor coefficient (α was calculated based on the Bowen method evapotranspiration estimative for Vochysia divergens monospecific forests in Pantanal, Brazil. The study area was located at the northeastern Pantanal, approximately 160 km from Cuiabá city, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (16º39'50''S; 56º47'50''W. Continuous micrometeorological flux measurements at a 32 m tower height were made from January to December of 2007. The evapotranspiration ranged from 2.26 mm day-1 (dry season to 4.50 mm day-1 (wet season. The average estimated α value ranged along the year from a maximum and a minimum during the dry and wet season respectively, with an annual average of 0.65±0.18 according to the weather pattern over the study area due to the increase of water content in soil/water flooding depth and/or decrease in evaporative demand. Based on empirical α values
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sylvain Camilleri
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Phenomenology of religion is among the oldest branches of the discipline founded by Husserl. It has always been difficult to define its outlines: from the very first essays of Scheler, Reinach and Heidegger to the so-called “theological turn” of French phenomenology, one has always feared the transformation of the phenomenology of religion in a religious philosophy that would give up the sacred principle of neutrality. This situation is perhaps behind us thanks to the recent endeavors to renew the field of research. French and American specialists of Husserl’s thought Natalie Depraz and Anthony J. Steinbock try to push back the limits of and to explore new ways in genetic phenomenology by describing religious attitudes by mean of a philosophical-existential methodology especially designed for this task. This paper introduces what might open of a new era of the phenomenology of religion.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marie Bláhová
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The article focuses on the known details of the arranged marriage of Elizabeth of Luxembourg (1390–1451, the only daughter of Duke John of Görlitz, the grand daughter of the Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia Charles IV, and her wedding with Anthony of Valois (1384–1415, Duke of Burgundy and Brabant, on July 16, 1409. The main source of information was the Chronicle of noble dukes of Lorraine and Brabant and kings of France (Chronica nobilissimorum ducum Lotharingiae et Brabantiae ac regum Francorum, written by Emond Dynter (1370/80–1449, the court historiographer of Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good of Valois. The chronicle describes the negotiations between the Brabant messengers and King Wenceslas IV and on the bride’s journey to Leuven and the representative wedding ceremony.
Yin, Chan Wai; Yun, Ma Shu
2009-01-01
In 2003, Margaret Chan Fung Fu-chun, former Director of Health of the Hong Kong government, was criticized for her unsatisfactory performance in handling the SARS outbreak. But three years later, she was celebrated for her success in the contest for the WHO director-generalship. How was she transformed from an incompetent official into an "honor winner" for China and Hong Kong? In what context was this made possible? How was the collective memory about Chan recalled and reconstructed? This article tackles these questions by reviewing relevant reportage and commentary in major local (Hong Kong), national (China), and international media. It maps the political context of the media discourse and explores the construction of a collective past to foster national cohesion in postcolonial Hong Kong.
Analysis of weakly nonlinear three-dimensional Rayleigh--Taylor instability growth
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dunning, M.J.; Haan, S.W.
1995-01-01
Understanding the Rayleigh--Taylor instability, which develops at an interface where a low density fluid pushes and accelerates a higher density fluid, is important to the design, analysis, and ultimate performance of inertial confinement fusion targets. Existing experimental results measuring the growth of two-dimensional (2-D) perturbations (perturbations translationally invariant in one transverse direction) are adequately modeled using the 2-D hydrodynamic code LASNEX [G. B. Zimmerman and W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975)]. However, of ultimate interest is the growth of three-dimensional (3-D) perturbations such as those initiated by surface imperfections or illumination nonuniformities. Direct simulation of such 3-D experiments with all the significant physical processes included and with sufficient resolution is very difficult. This paper addresses how such experiments might be modeled. A model is considered that couples 2-D linear regime hydrodynamic code results with an analytic model to allow modeling of 3-D Rayleigh--Taylor growth through the linear regime and into the weakly nonlinear regime. The model is evaluated in 2-D by comparison with LASNEX results. Finally the model is applied to estimate the dynamics of a hypothetical 3-D foil
Method of generalized coordinates and an application to Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dienes, J.K.
1978-01-01
The method of generalized coordinates is extended to the analysis of continuous bodies for which the degrees of freedom are independent velocity distributions in the spatial coordinates. The corresponding Lagrange equations contain generalized convective terms as well as the usual generalized forces and masses. Since the existence of a potential is not assumed, the equations of motion can be applied to media with arbitrary (possible dissipative) constitutive laws. Material deformation is characterized by the rate of strain, which is taken as the symmetric part of the velocity gradient, making the approach valid for arbitrarily large deformations. As an example, infinitesimal Rayleigh-Taylor instability is considered by analytic methods. Then, large amplitude Rayleigh-Taylor instability is represented with a single-degree-of-freedom analysis that shows the development (by numerical integration) of the known spike-and-bubble configuration of the unstable interface. The infinitesimal stability of a plastically deforming solid and the growth of the instability to large amplitudes are also considered
On power series expansions of the S-resolvent operator and the Taylor formula
Colombo, Fabrizio; Gantner, Jonathan
2016-12-01
The S-functional calculus is based on the theory of slice hyperholomorphic functions and it defines functions of n-tuples of not necessarily commuting operators or of quaternionic operators. This calculus relays on the notion of S-spectrum and of S-resolvent operator. Since most of the properties that hold for the Riesz-Dunford functional calculus extend to the S-functional calculus, it can be considered its non commutative version. In this paper we show that the Taylor formula of the Riesz-Dunford functional calculus can be generalized to the S-functional calculus. The proof is not a trivial extension of the classical case because there are several obstructions due to the non commutativity of the setting in which we work that have to be overcome. To prove the Taylor formula we need to introduce a new series expansion of the S-resolvent operators associated to the sum of two n-tuples of operators. This result is a crucial step in the proof of our main results, but it is also of independent interest because it gives a new series expansion for the S-resolvent operators. This paper is addressed to researchers working in operator theory and in hypercomplex analysis.
Theory of current-driven instability experiments in magnetic Taylor-Couette flows.
Rüdiger, Günther; Schultz, Manfred; Shalybkov, Dima; Hollerbach, Rainer
2007-11-01
We consider the linear stability of dissipative magnetic Taylor-Couette flow with imposed toroidal magnetic fields. The inner and outer cylinders can be either insulating or conducting; the inner one rotates, the outer one is stationary. The magnetic Prandtl number can be as small as 10(-5) , approaching realistic liquid-metal values. The magnetic field destabilizes the flow, except for radial profiles of B(phi)(R) close to the current-free solution. The profile with B(in)=B(out) (the most uniform field) is considered in detail. For weak fields the Taylor-Couette flow is stabilized, until for moderately strong fields the m=1 azimuthal mode dramatically destabilizes the flow again so that a maximum value for the critical Reynolds number exists. For sufficiently strong fields (as measured by the Hartmann number) the toroidal field is always unstable, even for the nonrotating case with Re=0 . The electric currents needed to generate the required toroidal fields in laboratory experiments are a few kA if liquid sodium is used, somewhat more if gallium is used. Weaker currents are needed for wider gaps, so a wide-gap apparatus could succeed even with gallium. The critical Reynolds numbers are only somewhat larger than the nonmagnetic values; hence such experiments would work with only modest rotation rates.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kilkenny, J.D.
1994-08-04
As shown elsewhere an ablatively imploded shell is hydrodynamically unstable, the dominant instability being the well known Rayleigh-Taylor instability with growth rate {gamma} = {radical}Akg where k = 2{pi}/{lambda} is the wave number, g is the acceleration and A the Attwood number ({rho}{sub hi} {minus} {rho}{sub lo})/({rho}{sub hi} + {rho}{sub lo}) where {rho}{sub hi} is the density of the heavier fluid and {rho}{sub lo} is the density of the lighter fluid. A theoretical understanding of ablative stabilization has gradually evolved, confirmed over the last five years by experiments. The linear growth is very well understood with excellent agreement between experiment and simulation for planar geometry with wavelengths in the region of 30--100{mu}m. There is an accurate, albeit phenomenological dispersion relation. The non-linear growth has been measured and agrees with calculations. In this lecture, the authors go into the fundamentals of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability and the experimental measurements that show it is stabilized sufficiently by ablation in regimes relevant to ICF.
A numerical study of Taylor vortex flow in a finite length tapered annulus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Noui-Mehidi, M N; Ohmura, N; Wu, J
2005-01-01
The transient evolution and steady state analysis of Taylor vortex flow in a tapered annulus was conducted by numerical experiments in the case where the inner cylinder was rotated and the outer one fixed. The gap between the cylinders was linearly tapered from a supercritical value at the upper base to the critical value at the lower base. The wavelength adjustment depended on the variation of Reynolds number in the spatially ramped gap. The axisymmetric conservative governing equations were solved by the use of an simplified marker and cell (SMAC) algorithm. A coordinate transformation function allowed us to numerically solve the problem in a rectangular computational domain. The results have shown that Taylor vortices growth was sensitive to the spatial ramp of the gap even with tapering angle values less than one degree. The interaction between the inflow and outflow boundaries could be clearly seen as the taper angle was increased. The investigation of the transient dynamics related to the flow system also revealed a characteristic dependence on the taper angle
Experimental Study on Momentum Transfer of Surface Texture in Taylor-Couette Flow
Xue, Yabo; Yao, Zhenqiang; Cheng, De
2017-05-01
The behavior of Taylor-Couette (TC) flow has been extensively studied. However, no suitable torque prediction models exist for high-capacity fluid machinery. The Eckhardt-Grossmann-Lohse (EGL) theory, derived based on the Navier-Stokes equations, is proposed to model torque behavior. This theory suggests that surfaces are the significant energy transfer interfaces between cylinders and annular flow. This study mainly focuses on the effects of surface texture on momentum transfer behavior through global torque measurement. First, a power-law torque behavior model is built to reveal the relationship between dimensionless torque and the Taylor number based on the EGL theory. Second, TC flow apparatus is designed and built based on the CNC machine tool to verify the torque behavior model. Third, four surface texture films are tested to check the effects of surface texture on momentum transfer. A stereo microscope and three-dimensional topography instrument are employed to analyze surface morphology. Global torque behavior is measured by rotating a multi component dynamometer, and the effects of surface texture on the annular flow behavior are observed via images obtained using a high-speed camera. Finally, torque behaviors under four different surface conditions are fitted and compared. The experimental results indicate that surface textures have a remarkable influence on torque behavior, and that the peak roughness of surface texture enhances the momentum transfer by strengthening the fluctuation in the TC flow.
Numerical Study on the Validity of the Taylor Hypothesis in Space Plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Perri, Silvia; Servidio, Sergio; Valentini, Francesco; Vaivads, Andris
2017-01-01
In situ heliospheric measurements allow us to resolve fluctuations as a function of frequency. A crucial point is to describe the power spectral density as a function of the wavenumber, in order to understand the energy cascade through the scales in terms of plasma turbulence theories. The most favorable situation occurs when the average wind speed is much higher than the phase speed of the plasma modes, equivalent to the fact that the fluctuations’ dynamical times are much longer than their typical crossing period through the spacecraft (frozen-in Taylor approximation). Using driven compressible Hall-magneothydrodynamics simulations, in which an “imaginary” spacecraft flies across a time-evolving turbulence, here we explore the limitations of the frozen-in assumption. We find that the Taylor hypothesis is robust down to sub-proton scales, especially for flows with mean velocities typical of the fast solar wind. For slow mean flows (i.e., speeds of the order of the Alfvèn speed) power spectra are subject to an amplitude shift throughout the scales. At small scales, when dispersive decorrelation mechanisms become significant, the frozen-in assumption is generally violated, in particular for k -vectors almost parallel to the average magnetic field. A discussion in terms of the spacetime autocorrelation function is proposed. These results might be relevant for the interpretation of the observations, in particular for existing and future space missions devoted to very high-resolution measurements.
Validation Study of Unnotched Charpy and Taylor-Anvil Impact Experiments using Kayenta
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kamojjala, Krishna [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lacy, Jeffrey [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Chu, Henry S. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Brannon, Rebecca [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2015-03-01
Validation of a single computational model with multiple available strain-to-failure fracture theories is presented through experimental tests and numerical simulations of the standardized unnotched Charpy and Taylor-anvil impact tests, both run using the same material model (Kayenta). Unnotched Charpy tests are performed on rolled homogeneous armor steel. The fracture patterns using Kayenta’s various failure options that include aleatory uncertainty and scale effects are compared against the experiments. Other quantities of interest include the average value of the absorbed energy and bend angle of the specimen. Taylor-anvil impact tests are performed on Ti6Al4V titanium alloy. The impact speeds of the specimen are 321 m/s and 393 m/s. The goal of the numerical work is to reproduce the damage patterns observed in the laboratory. For the numerical study, the Johnson-Cook failure model is used as the ductile fracture criterion, and aleatory uncertainty is applied to rate-dependence parameters to explore its effect on the fracture patterns.
Three-dimensional Rayleigh-Taylor convection of miscible fluids in a porous medium
Suekane, Tetsuya; Nakanishi, Yuji; Wang, Lei
2017-11-01
Natural convection of miscible fluids in a porous medium is relevant for fields, such as geoscience and geoengineering, and for the geological storage of CO2. In this study, we use X-ray computer tomography to visualize 3D fingering structures associated with the Rayleigh-Taylor instability between miscible fluids in a porous medium. In the early stages of the onset of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, a fine crinkling pattern gradually appears at the interface. As the wavelength and amplitude increase, descending fingers form on the interface and extend vertically downward; moreover, ascending and highly symmetric fingers form. The adjacent fingers are cylindrical in shape and coalesce to form large fingers. Fingers appearing on the interface tend to become finer with increasing Rayleigh number, which is consistent with linear perturbation theory. If the Péclet number exceeds 10, the transverse dispersion increases the finger diameter and enhances finger coalescence, strongly impacting the decay in finger number density. When mechanical dispersion is negligible, the finger-extension velocity, the mass-transfer rate, and the onset time scale with Rayleigh number. Mechanical dispersion not only reduces the onset time but also enhances mass transport, which indicates that mechanical dispersion influences the long-term dissolution process of CO2 injected into aquifers.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takeshita, Kenji; Okada, Yutaka
2007-01-01
The multistage extraction of metal ion was studied by a centrifuge extractor, in which oil and water were flown counter-currently through the narrow gap between a rotated inner cylinder and a static outer cylinder. Oil (dodecane) was dispersed finely by increasing the rotating speed of inner cylinder and flown up against the downflow of water. The small drops of dispersed oil were sucked down by Taylor vortices accumulated on the inner-cylinder surface. Stable belt-shaped structures of oil phase were observed at even intervals on the surface of inner cylinder. The extraction of Zn(II) with di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid dissolved in dodecane was examined. The extraction of Zn was promoted by the increase of oil hold-up and the improvement of oil dispersion, which were observed by increasing the rotating speed of inner cylinder and the flow rates of oil and water. The number of theoretical stages was evaluated as about 3 stage under the conditions that the rotating speed and the flow rates of oil and water were given as 1200 rpm and 17 ml/min, respectively. The multistage extraction was achievable successfully by the proposed centrifuge extractor with Taylor-Couette flow. (author)
Statistic derivation of Taylor factors for polycrystalline metals with application to pure magnesium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shen, J.H.; Li, Y.L.; Wei, Q.
2013-01-01
We have investigated the Taylor factors of textured as well as texture-free polycrystalline aggregates. We begin with examining the Schmid factors of single crystals. A statistical model is then introduced to describe the distribution of grain orientations as well as the Schmid factor of individual grains of the polycrystalline system. The grains are classified into “soft” and “hard” ones. Based on this, a model is proposed for the derivation of the Taylor factors of textured as well as texture-free polycrystalline metals, and as a case study it is applied to polycrystalline magnesium. The model predictions are in very good agreement with the available experimental results. No free parameters have been involved in the development of this model, and the physical processes are clearly defined. Based on the fundamental assumption that grains can be classified into “soft” and “hard” in metals, this model should also be applicable to other hexagonal close packed metals such as α-titanium, beryllium and zirconium, as well as metals of other lattice structures such as face-centered cubic and body-centered cubic. It will also be interesting to see if this model can be incorporated into existing crystal plasticity models for the prediction of texture evolution under mechanical loading
Utilizing Lidar Data for Detection of Channel Migration: Taylor Valley, Antarctica
Barlow, M. C.; Telling, J. W.; Glennie, C.; Fountain, A.
2017-12-01
The McMurdo Dry Valleys is the largest ice-free expanse in Antarctica and one of the most studied regions on the continent. The valleys are a hyper-arid, cold-polar desert that receives little precipitation (Raster images of high-resolution topography were created from two lidar (Light Detection and Ranging) datasets and were used to analyze channel migration in Taylor Valley. The first lidar dataset was collected in 2001 by NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) and the second was collected by the National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping (NCALM) in 2014 with an Optech Titan Sensor. The channels were extracted for each dataset using GeoNet, which is an open source tool used for the automatic extraction of channel networks. Channel migration was found to range from 0 to 50 cm per year depending upon the location. Channel complexity was determined based on the change in the number of channel branches and their length. We present the results for various regions in Taylor Valley with differing degrees of stream complexity. Further research is being done to determine factors that drive channel migration rates in this unique environment.
Lavoisier, Alexandra; Schlaeppi, Jean-Marc
2015-01-01
Therapeutic antibodies represent one of the fastest growing segments in the pharmaceutical market. They are used in a broad range of disease fields, such as autoimmune diseases, cancer, inflammation and infectious diseases. The growth of the segment has necessitated development of new analytical platforms for faster and better antibody selection and characterization. Early quality control and risk assessment of biophysical parameters help prevent failure in later stages of antibody development, and thus can reduce costs and save time. Critical parameters such as aggregation, conformational stability, colloidal stability and hydrophilicity, are measured during the early phase of antibody generation and guide the selection process of the best lead candidates in terms of technical developability. We report on the use of a novel instrument (ActiPix/Viscosizer) for measuring both the hydrodynamic radius and the absolute viscosity of antibodies based on Taylor dispersion analysis and UV area imaging. The looped microcapillary-based method combines low sample consumption, fast throughput and high precision compared to other conventional methods. From a random panel of 130 antibodies in the early selection process, we identified some with large hydrodynamic radius outside the normal distribution and others with non-Gaussian Taylor dispersion profiles. The antibodies with such abnormal properties were confirmed later in the selection process to show poor developability profiles. Moreover, combining these results with those of the viscosity measurements at high antibody concentrations allows screening, with limited amounts of materials, candidates with potential issues in pre-formulation development.
Stress-gradient-induced polymer migration in Taylor-Couette flow.
Hajizadeh, Elnaz; Larson, Ronald G
2017-09-13
We apply our recent continuum theory for stress-gradient-induced migration of polymers in solution (G. Zhu et al., J. Rheol., 2016, 60, 327-343) to rotational shearing flow in the gap between concentric cylinders (the so-called Taylor-Couette flow), where we have also accounted for the effect of polymer depletion from the solid boundaries on migration patterns. The steady-state distribution of dilute solutions of polymer dumbbells, obtained both using a systematic perturbation analysis in terms of the Weissenberg number (Wi) and by solving numerically the transport problem coupled to the upper-convected Maxwell equation, shows accumulation of polymers near the inner cylinder. This accumulation becomes so strong that most polymers are driven near the inner cylinder once Wi > 4. We also show that there is no first-order contribution to the polymer migration in Taylor-Couette flow due to the absence of a velocity component in the r-direction. Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations for a Hookean dumbbell give a concentration distribution in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of our theory, confirming the accuracy of the theory when the dumbbell radius of gyration is around an order of magnitude or much smaller than the gap. The demonstration of the accuracy of our continuum theory by direct molecular simulation opens the door to application of the theory to journal bearing and other lubrication flows containing polymers that may migrate due to stress gradients.
The Three-Dimensional Velocity Distribution of Wide Gap Taylor-Couette Flow Modelled by CFD
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David Shina Adebayo
2016-01-01
Full Text Available A numerical investigation is conducted for the flow between two concentric cylinders with a wide gap, relevant to bearing chamber applications. This wide gap configuration has received comparatively less attention than narrow gap journal bearing type geometries. The flow in the gap between an inner rotating cylinder and an outer stationary cylinder has been modelled as an incompressible flow using an implicit finite volume RANS scheme with the realisable k-ε model. The model flow is above the critical Taylor number at which axisymmetric counterrotating Taylor vortices are formed. The tangential velocity profiles at all axial locations are different from typical journal bearing applications, where the velocity profiles are quasilinear. The predicted results led to two significant findings of impact in rotating machinery operations. Firstly, the axial variation of the tangential velocity gradient induces an axially varying shear stress, resulting in local bands of enhanced work input to the working fluid. This is likely to cause unwanted heat transfer on the surface in high torque turbomachinery applications. Secondly, the radial inflow at the axial end-wall boundaries is likely to promote the transport of debris to the junction between the end-collar and the rotating cylinder, causing the build-up of fouling in the seal.
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Jinli Duan
2017-08-01
Full Text Available The sharp increase of the aging population has raised the pressure on the current limited medical resources in China. To better allocate resources, a more accurate prediction on medical service demand is very urgently needed. This study aims to improve the prediction on medical services demand in China. To achieve this aim, the study combines Taylor Approximation into the Grey Markov Chain model, and develops a new model named Taylor-Markov Chain GM (1,1 (T-MCGM (1,1. The new model has been tested by adopting the historical data, which includes the medical service on treatment of diabetes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease from 1997 to 2015 in China. The model provides a predication on medical service demand of these three types of disease up to 2022. The results reveal an enormous growth of urban medical service demand in the future. The findings provide practical implications for the Health Administrative Department to allocate medical resources, and help hospitals to manage investments on medical facilities.
The incept of ejection from a fresh Taylor cone and subsequent evolution
Lopez-Herrera, Jose M.; Ganan-Calvo, Alfonso
2017-11-01
Within a certain range of applied voltages, a pendant drop suddenly subject to an intense electric field develops a cusp from which a fast liquid ligament issues. The incept of this process has common roots with other related phenomena like the Worthington jets, the jet issued after surface bubble bursting or the impact of a drop on a liquid pool. This is experimentally and numerically demonstrated. However, given the electrohydrodynamic nature of the driver in the formation of a Taylor cone, a number of electrokinetic processes take place in the rapid tapering flow, whose characteristic times should be carefully compared to the ones of the flow. As a result, universal scaling laws for the size and charge of the top drop have been obtained. Subsequently, sustaining the applied electric field, the ejection continues and the issuing liquid ligament releases a train of droplets of varying size and charge. Under appropriate conditions and if the liquid suctioned by the electric field is replenished, the system reaches a (quasi)steady state asymptotically. The degree of compliance of the size and charge of those subsequent droplets with previously proposed scaling laws of steady Taylor cone-jets has been studied. Computational code Gerris and an extended electrokinetic module is used. This work was supported by the Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad, Plan Estatal 2013-2016 Retos, project DPI2016-78887-C3-1-R.
High-Rate Material Modeling and Validation Using the Taylor Cylinder Impact Test
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Maudlin, P.J.; Gray, G.T. III; Cady, C.M.; Kaschner, G.C.
1998-01-01
Taylor Cylinder impact testing is used to validate anisotropic elastoplastic constitutive modeling by comparing polycrystal simulated yield surface shapes (topography) to measured shapes from post-test Taylor impact specimens and quasistatic compression specimens. Measured yield surface shapes are extracted from the experimental post-test geometries using classical r-value definitions modified for arbitrary stress state and specimen orientation. Rolled tantalum (body-centered-cubic metal) plate and clock-rolled zirconium (hexagonal-close-packed metal) plate are both investigated. The results indicate that an assumption of topography invariance with respect to strain-rate is justifiable for tantalum. However, a strong sensitivity of topography with respect to strain-rate for zirconium was observed, implying that some accounting for a deformation mechanism rate-dependence associated with lower-symmetry materials should be included in the constitutive modeling. Discussion of the importance of this topography rate-dependence and texture evolution in formulating constitutive models appropriate for FEM applications is provided
Bubble deformability is crucial for strong drag reduction in turbulent Taylor-Couette flow
Sun, Chao; Narezo Guzman, Daniela; van Gils, Dennis P. M.; Lohse, Detlef
2011-11-01
Bubbly Taylor-Couette flow in the turbulent regime is studied both globally and locally at Reynolds numbers of 5 . 1 ×105 - 2 . 0 ×106 for pure inner cylinder rotation. We measure the drag reduction (DR) based on the global torque for global gas volume fractions (αglobal) up to 4 %, and observe a moderate DR for Re = 5 . 1 ×105 , and a strong DR for Re = 1 . 0 ×106 and 2 . 0 ×106 . Remarkably, more than 40 % of DR is achieved for αglobal = 4 % at Re = 2 . 0 ×106 . We investigate the statistics of the liquid flow velocity, and directly measure the local bubble concentration and Weber number for two Reynolds numbers in different drag reduction regimes, i.e. Re = 1 . 0 ×106 (strong DR) and 5 . 1 ×105 (moderate DR). By combining global and local measurements we reveal that bubble deformability is crucial for strong drag reduction in bubbly turbulent Taylor-Couette flow. This work was financially supported by technology foundation STW in The Netherlands.
Self-similarity in high Atwood number Rayleigh-Taylor experiments
Mikhaeil, Mark; Suchandra, Prasoon; Pathikonda, Gokul; Ranjan, Devesh
2017-11-01
Self-similarity is a critical concept in turbulent and mixing flows. In the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, theory and simulations have shown that the flow exhibits properties of self-similarity as the mixing Reynolds number exceeds 20000 and the flow enters the turbulent regime. Here, we present results from the first large Atwood number (0.7) Rayleigh-Taylor experimental campaign for mixing Reynolds number beyond 20000 in an effort to characterize the self-similar nature of the instability. Experiments are performed in a statistically steady gas tunnel facility, allowing for the evaluation of turbulence statistics. A visualization diagnostic is used to study the evolution of the mixing width as the instability grows. This allows for computation of the instability growth rate. For the first time in such a facility, stereoscopic particle image velocimetry is used to resolve three-component velocity information in a plane. Velocity means, fluctuations, and correlations are considered as well as their appropriate scaling. Probability density functions of velocity fields, energy spectra, and higher-order statistics are also presented. The energy budget of the flow is described, including the ratio of the kinetic energy to the released potential energy. This work was supported by the DOE-NNSA SSAA Grant DE-NA0002922.
Uma leitura crítica do biocentrismo de Paul Taylor a partir de James Sterba
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Carmelita Schulze
2012-05-01
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2008v7n3p81 Este artigo analisa a proposta biocêntrica encontrada no artigo “A Biocentrist Strikes Back” (Um biocentrista revida, de James Sterba, que se propõe a defender o biocentrismo de três acusações: de que favorece a espécie humana em detrimento das demais, de que pressupõe que haja uma harmonia na natureza, e de que não consegue distinguir o que possui, do que não possui, valor intrínseco. Além dessas respostas, serão analisadas as críticas de Sterba a Paul Taylor, por exemplo, a de que Taylor pressupõe que os humanos sejam santos e de que há na teoria biocênctrica deste uma preferência pela espécie humana sobre os animais.
Solution of the agglomerate Brownian coagulation using Taylor-expansion moment method.
Yu, Mingzhou; Lin, Jianzhong
2009-08-01
The newly proposed Taylor-expansion moment method (TEMOM) is extended to solve agglomerate coagulation in the free-molecule regime and in the continuum regime, respectively. The moment equations with respect to fractal dimension are derived based on 3rd Taylor-series expansion technique. The validation of this method is done by comparing its result with the published data at each limited size regime. By comparing with analytical method, sectional method (SM) and quadrature method of moments (QMOMs), this new approach is shown to produce the most efficiency without losing much accuracy. At each limited size regime, the effect of fractal dimension on the decay of particle number and particle size growth is mainly investigated, and especially in the continuum regime the relation of mean diameters of size distributions with different fractal dimensions is first proposed. The agglomerate size distribution is found to be sensitive to the fractal dimension and the initial geometric mean deviation before the self-preserving size distribution is achieved in the continuum regime.
Analysis of dynamic deformation behavior of AZ31 using Taylor Rod on Anvil Impact Tests
Sharma, Maruwada Sukanya; Kirtley, Daniel; Gokhale, Arun; Thadhani, Naresh
2017-06-01
The dynamic behavior and detailed microstructural characterization of rolled magnesium alloy AZ31 is described in this work. Magnesium alloys have gained considerable importance as they possess a high strength-to-weight ratio. The goal of the current work is to provide an insight on the dynamic deformation of AZ31 magnesium alloys. Taylor rod-on-anvil impact tests have been conducted at different velocities, on rods machined along the rolling and transverse directions of the as-rolled AZ31 plate, in order to capture the effects of anisotropy on the dynamic deformation behavior. The experiments used laser beam interruption to measure the impact velocity of the samples and high-speed digital imaging to capture transient deformation states. The impacted samples showed anisotropic deformation resulting in an elliptical impact surface foot print. Additionally, detailed orientation maps and micrographs revealed extensive twinning along with some cracks on the impact faces of the samples. Quantitative microscopy revealed that the surface area per unit volume of twins at least tripled under all impact conditions. In this presentation evolution of microstructure and anisotropy in rolled AZ31 samples subjected to Taylor rod-on-anvil impact tests will be discussed.
Effect on Non-Newtonian Rheology on Mixing in Taylor-Couette Flow
Cagney, Neil; Balabani, Stavroula
2017-11-01
Mixing processes within many industry applications are strongly affected by the rheology of the working fluid. This is particularly relevant for pharmaceutical, food and waste treatment industries, where the working fluids are often strongly non-Newtonian, and significant variations in rheology between batches may occur. We approach the question of how rheology affects mixing by focussing on a the classical case of Taylor-Couette flow, which exhibits a number of instabilities and flow regimes as a function of Reynolds number. We examine Taylor-Couette flow generated for a range of aqueous solutions of xantham gum or corn starch, such that the rheology varies from shear-thinning to shear-thickening. For each case, we measure the power consumption using a torque meter and the flow field using high speed, time-resolved Particle-Image Velocimetry. The mixing characteristics are quantified using a number of Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches, including the coarse grained density method and vortex strength. By comparing these metrics to the power number, we discuss how the mixing efficiency (ratio of mixing effectiveness to power input) varies with the flow index of the fluid.
Duan, Jinli; Jiao, Feng; Zhang, Qishan; Lin, Zhibin
2017-08-06
The sharp increase of the aging population has raised the pressure on the current limited medical resources in China. To better allocate resources, a more accurate prediction on medical service demand is very urgently needed. This study aims to improve the prediction on medical services demand in China. To achieve this aim, the study combines Taylor Approximation into the Grey Markov Chain model, and develops a new model named Taylor-Markov Chain GM (1,1) (T-MCGM (1,1)). The new model has been tested by adopting the historical data, which includes the medical service on treatment of diabetes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease from 1997 to 2015 in China. The model provides a predication on medical service demand of these three types of disease up to 2022. The results reveal an enormous growth of urban medical service demand in the future. The findings provide practical implications for the Health Administrative Department to allocate medical resources, and help hospitals to manage investments on medical facilities.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sharma, P.K.; Tiwari, Anita; Argal, Shraddha; Chhajlani, R.K.
2013-01-01
This paper is devoted to an investigation of Quantum effects and magnetic field effects on the Rayleigh Taylor instability of two superposed incompressible fluids in bounded porous medium. The Quantum magneto hydrodynamic equations are solved by using normal mode method and a dispersion relation is obtained. The dispersion relation is derived for the case where plasma is bounded by two rigid planes z = 0 and z = h. The Rayleigh Taylor instability growth rate and stability condition of the medium is discussed in the presence of quantum effect, magnetic field, porosity and permeability. It is found that the magnetic field and medium porosity have stabilizing influence while permeability has destabilizing influence on the Rayleigh Taylor instability. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Majumder, Abhik; Mehta, Balkrishna; Khandekar, Sameer
2013-01-01
Taylor bubble flow takes place when two immiscible fluids (liquid-liquid or gas-liquid) flow inside a tube of capillary dimensions within specific range of volume flow ratios. In the slug flows where gas and liquid are two different phases, liquid slugs are separated by elongated Taylor bubbles. This singular flow pattern is observed in many engineering mini-/micro-scale devices like pulsating heat pipes, gas-liquid-solid monolithic reactors, micro-two-phase heat exchangers, digital micro-fluidics, micro-scale mass transfer process, fuel cells, etc. The unique and complex flow characteristics require understanding on local, as well as global, spatio-temporal scales. In the present work, the axial stream-wise profile of the fluid and wall temperature for air-water (i) isolated single Taylor bubble and, (ii) a train of Taylor bubbles, in a horizontal square channel of size 3.3 mm x 3.3 mm x 350 mm, heated from the bottom (heated length = 175 mm), with the other three sides kept insulated, are reported at different gas volume flow ratios. The primary aim is to study the enhancement of heat transfer due to the Taylor bubble train flow, in comparison with thermally developing single-phase flows. Intrusion of a bubble in the liquid flow drastically changes the local temperature profiles. The axial distribution of time-averaged local Nusselt number (Nu z ) shows that Taylor bubble train regime increases the transport of heat up to 1.2-1.6 times more as compared with laminar single-phase liquid flow. In addition, for a given liquid flow Reynolds number, the heat transfer enhancement is a function of the geometrical parameters of the unit cell, i.e., the length of adjacent gas bubble and water plug. (authors)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pfirsch, D.; Sudan, R.N.
1996-01-01
It is observed that the recently developed magnetic flux-averaged magnetohydrodynamics (AMHD) [Phys. Plasmas 1, 2488 (1994)] is incompatible with Taylor close-quote s theorem, which states that the lowest-energy state of force-free equilibria based on the conservation of the helicity integral is absolutely stable for vanishingly small resistivity. By a modification of the Lagrangian from which AMHD is derived, a modified version of AMHD that is compatible with Taylor close-quote s theorem is obtained. It also provides an energy principle for examining the linear instability of resistive equilibria, which has a great advantage over resistive MHD. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
Daou, Joel; Pearce, Philip; Al-Malki, Faisal
2018-02-01
We present a study of Taylor dispersion in premixed combustion and use it to clarify fundamental issues related to flame propagation in a flow field. In particular, simple analytical formulas are derived for variable density laminar flames with arbitrary Lewis number Le providing clear answers to important questions arising in turbulent combustion, when these questions are posed for the case of one-scale laminar parallel flows. Exploiting, in the context of a laminar Poiseuille flow model, a thick flame distinguished asymptotic limit for which the flow amplitude is large with the Reynolds number Re fixed, three main contributions are made. First, a link is established between Taylor dispersion [G. Taylor, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 219, 186 (1953), 10.1098/rspa.1953.0139] and Damköhler's second hypothesis [G. Damköhler, Ber. Bunsen. Phys. Chem. 46, 601 (1940)] by describing analytically the enhancement of the effective propagation speed UT due to small flow scales. More precisely, it is shown that Damköhler's hypothesis is only partially correct for one-scale parallel laminar flows. Specifically, while the increase in UT due to the flow is shown to be directly associated with the increase in the effective diffusivity as suggested by Damköhler, our results imply that UT˜Re (for Re≫1 ) rather than UT˜√{Re} , as implied by Damköhler's hypothesis. Second, it is demonstrated analytically and confirmed numerically that, when UT is plotted versus the flow amplitude for fixed values of Re, the curve levels off to a constant value depending on Re. We may refer to this effect as the laminar bending effect as it mimics a similar bending effect known in turbulent combustion. Third, somewhat surprising implications associated with the dependence of UT and of the effective Lewis number Leeff on the flow are reported. For example, Leeff is found to vary from Le to Le-1 as Re varies from small to large values. Also, UT is found to be a monotonically increasing function
Processo de trabalho e eficiência produtiva: Smith, Marx, Taylor e Lênin
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Benedito Rodrigues de Moraes Neto
2009-09-01
Full Text Available A partir de reflexão sobre uma hipotética transição do capitalismo em sua natureza manufatureira ao socialismo, procura-se deixar marcada a razão pela qual, seguindo a proposta de Marx, essa transição exige que a produção se realize sob a égide da maquinaria. Consegue-se, como parte dessa reflexão, identificar, para o caso da manufatura, um trade-off entre eficiência produtiva e humanização das atividades de trabalho. Procura-se esclarecer que, dada a natureza do taylorismo-fordismo como "reinvenção da manufatura", o exercício de início especulativo passa a ter sentido histórico. Busca-se argumentar que a ampla assimilação do taylorismo-fordismo pela experiência de implantação do socialismo na União Soviética a aprisionou ao mencionado trade-off , fazendo com que a primeira experiência de superação do capitalismo se impregnasse perversamente da mediocridade imanente ao taylorismo-fordismo. Finalmente, são feitos rápidos comentários acerca dos desdobramentos da recente automação de base microeletrônica sobre a natureza de um projeto socialista.From an analysis of a hypothetical transition from manufacture capitalism to socialism, we intend to stress the reason why, according to Marx´s proposition, it is demanded that this transition takes place under machinery´s domain. In the case of manufacture it is possible to identify a trade-off between the productive efficiency and the humanization of the labor activities. We then intend to clarify that the initially hypothetical speculation acquires a historic sense in as much as taylorism-fordism´s nature can be understood as a "reinvention of the manufacturing system". We shall then argue that the wide assimilation of taylorism-fordism in the Soviet Union´s experience of socialism implementation imprisoned it within the mentioned trade-off, which caused the first experience of capitalism´s surmount to be perversely impregnated with the immanent mediocrity of
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Atkhen, K
1998-10-19
This thesis characterized a mixer hydrodynamic, using the Couette-Taylor properties in the case of one-phase, two-phase (air-liquid) and three-phase (air-liquid-liquid). An ideal configuration has been defined. This study brings a contribution to the fuels processing processes.
Development of a miniature Taylor-Couette extractor column for nuclear solvent extraction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shekhar Kumar; Sivakumar, D.; Bijendra Kumar; Kamachi Mudali, U.; Natarajan, R.
2012-01-01
Miniature annular centrifugal contactors are nearly perfect for shielded hot-cell applications during flowsheet evaluation but these contactors require complex maintenance of electrical drive-motors during radioactive experiments. To reduce the number of electrical drives in the shielded cell, an indigenous design of miniature Taylor Couette (TC) mixing based countercurrent differential extraction column has been developed. In this paper, results of mass transfer experiments for an indigenously developed TC column with 30% TBP/aqueous nitric acid solutions are reported. The developed device worked perfectly in counter-current differential mode and demonstrated equivalence to multiple-extraction stages while working with a single electrical drive. The developed TC unit demonstrated operation with a reduced efficiency without flooding even in absence of rotor rotation. This observation is a vital step towards designing of robust contactors, which do not flood during temporary power failure or failure of drive mechanism. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roderick, N.F.; Hussey, T.W.; Faehl, R.J.; Boyd, R.W.
1978-01-01
Two-dimensional (r-z) magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the electromagnetic implosion of metallic foil plasmas show, for certain initial configurations, a tendency to develop large-amplitude perturbations characteristic of the hydromagnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability. These perturbations develop at the plasma magnetic field interface for plasma configurations where the density gradient scale length, the characteristic dimension for the instability, is short. The effects on the plasma dynamics of the implosion will be discussed for several initial foil configurations. In general, the growth rates and linear mode structure are found to be influenced by the plasma shell thickness and density gradient scale length, in agreement with theory. The most destructive modes are found to be those with wavelengths of the order of the plasma shell thickness
Growth rates of the ablative Rayleigh endash Taylor instability in inertial confinement fusion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Betti, R.; Goncharov, V.N.; McCrory, R.L.; Verdon, C.P.
1998-01-01
A simple procedure is developed to determine the Froude number Fr, the effective power index for thermal conduction ν, the ablation-front thickness L 0 , the ablation velocity V a , and the acceleration g of laser-accelerated ablation fronts. These parameters are determined by fitting the density and pressure profiles obtained from one-dimensional numerical simulations with the analytic isobaric profiles of Kull and Anisimov [Phys. Fluids 29, 2067 (1986)]. These quantities are then used to calculate the growth rate of the ablative Rayleigh endash Taylor instability using the theory developed by Goncharov et al. [Phys. Plasmas 3, 4665 (1996)]. The complicated expression of the growth rate (valid for arbitrary Froude numbers) derived by Goncharov et al. is simplified by using reasonably accurate fitting formulas. copyright 1998 American Institute of Physics
Development of Richtmyer-Meshkov and Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the presence of magnetic field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Khan, Manoranjan; Mandal, Labakanta; Banerjee, Rahul; Roy, Sourav; Gupta, M.R.
2011-01-01
Fluid instabilities like Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T), Richtmyer-Meshkov (R-M) and Kelvin-Helmholtz (K-H) instability can occur in a wide range of physical phenomenon from astrophysical context to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF). Using Layzer's potential flow model, we derive the analytical expressions of growth rate of bubble and spike for ideal magnetized fluid in R-T and R-M cases. In the presence of transverse magnetic field, the R-M and R-T instabilities are suppressed or enhanced depending on the direction of magnetic pressure and hydrodynamic pressure. Again the interface of two fluid may oscillate if both the fluids are conducting. However, it is observed that the magnetic field has no effect in linear case.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bud'ko, A.B.; Liberman, M.A.
1992-01-01
In the framework of WKB approximation the problem is studied of stabilizing the Rayleigh - Taylor instability with unhomogeneous convective flow, developing in the ablation zone during the ablative acceleration of the laser target plasma. The eigenvalue (instability growth rates) problem is reduced to solving an algebraic equation with the coefficients depending on the unperturbed profile structure of hydrodynamic variables. For the important case of the incompressible plasma subsonic flow, the instability growth rates is shown to vanish at k=k 0 =max(2(g|∇ ln p|) 1/2 /ν). The consistency condition of the model consists in the smallness of the local Froude number in the region of instability development. However, as seen from the comparison with the numerical calculations, the model is well appicable also for the case of the sufficiently abrupt density gradient provided the Froude number is of order of unity
Model for the saturation of the hydromagnetic Rayleigh--Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roderick, N.F.; Hussey, T.W.
1984-01-01
The saturation of the hydromagnetic Rayleigh--Taylor instability is caused by the reduction of driving current in the bubble region between the spikes formed as the instability develops. For short wavelengths linear magnetic field diffusion provides the necessary smoothing of the magnetic field to reduce the driving force. For wavelengths longer than the magnetic field diffusion length, the current is shorted through material which expands into the bubble region. This initially low density accumulates in the bubble and eventually provides a source of sufficiently high conductivity plasma which reduces the magnetic field penetration to the front of the bubble. Simple analytic models have been developed to verify and and quantify these predictions. These models have been compared with two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic calculations for imploding plasma shells and give good agreement with these more detailed simulations
The Rayleigh–Taylor instability of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Doludenko, A N; Son, E E; Fortova, S V
2016-01-01
Along with Newtonian fluids (for example, water), fluids with non-Newtonian rheology are widespread in nature and industry. The characteristic feature of a non-Newtonian fluid is the non-linear dependence between the shear stress and shear rate tensors. The form of this relation defines the types of non-Newtonian behavior: viscoplastic, pseudoplastic, dilatant and viscoelastic. The present work is devoted to the study of the Rayleigh–Taylor instability in pseudoplastic fluids. The main aim of the work is to undertake a direct three-dimensional numerical simulation of the mixing of two media with various rheologies and obtain the width of the mixing layer and the kinetic energy spectra, depending on the basic properties of the shear thinning liquids and the Atwood number. A theoretical study is carried out on the basis of the Navier–Stokes equation system for weakly compressible media. (paper)
Numerical Simulation and Validation of Damage In AA1100 Aluminum Symmetric Taylor Impact (ROR)
Bonora, Nicola; Bourne, Neil K.; Garcea, Serafina C.; Ruggiero, Andrew; Gentile, Domenico; Iannitti, Gianluca; Testa, Gabriel
2017-06-01
Impact velocities for incipient and developed damage condition for AA1000-O aluminum alloy in symmetric Taylor impact tests (rod-on-rod, ROR) were predicted by means of numerical simulation. The material plastic flow was modelled using a modified version of the Rusinek-Klepaczko model and damage calculations were made using a continuum damage mechanics model updated to account for pressure effect on material damage model parameters. There were identified independently using traction test results. 3D numerical simulations of ROR, using a stochastic variation of the damage parameters, were performed to predict development of the damage pattern at different impact velocity. Successively, ROR tests were performed at several impact velocities. Soft recovered samples were scanned using X-ray tomography and analysed to produce 3D maps of nucleated voids that were then used to validate numerical simulation results.
The Rayleigh-Taylor instability in inertial fusion, astrophysical plasma and flames
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bychkov, V; Modestov, M; Akkerman, V; Eriksson, L-E
2007-01-01
Previous results are reviewed and new results are presented on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in inertial confined fusion, flames and supernovae including gravitational and thermonuclear explosion mechanisms. The instability couples micro-scale plasma effects to large-scale hydrodynamic phenomena. In inertial fusion the instability reduces target compression. In supernovae the instability produces large-scale convection, which determines the fate of the star. The instability is often accompanied by mass flux through the unstable interface, which may have either a stabilizing or a destabilizing influence. Destabilization happens due to the Darrieus-Landau instability of a deflagration front. Still, it is unclear whether the instabilities lead to well-organized large-scale structures (bubbles) or to relatively isotropic turbulence (mixing layer)
Rayleigh-Taylor growth measurements of three-dimensional modulations in a nonlinear regime
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smalyuk, V.A.; Sadot, O.; Betti, R.; Goncharov, V.N.; Delettrez, J.A.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Regan, S.P.; Sangster, T.C.; Shvarts, D.
2006-01-01
An understanding of the nonlinear evolution of Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability is essential in inertial confinement fusion and astrophysics. The nonlinear RT growth of three-dimensional (3-D) broadband nonuniformities was measured near saturation levels using x-ray radiography in planar foils accelerated by laser light. The initial 3-D target modulations were seeded by laser nonuniformities and subsequently amplified by the RT instability. The measured modulation Fourier spectra and nonlinear growth velocities are in excellent agreement with those predicted by Haan's model [S. Haan, Phys. Rev. A 39, 5812 (1989)]. These spectra and growth velocities are insensitive to initial conditions. In a real-space analysis, the bubble merger was quantified by a self-similar evolution of bubble size distributions, in agreement with the Alon-Oron-Shvarts theoretical predictions [D. Oron et al. Phys. Plasmas 8, 2883 (2001)
Dynamics of Rayleigh-Taylor driven flows at high Atwood numbers
Mikhaeil, Mark; Akula, Bhanesh; Finn, Thomas; Ranjan, Devesh
2014-11-01
For the first time, detailed simultaneous density and velocity turbulent statistics for Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities at Atwood number of 0.75 are measured. A new density probe capable of measuring gas volumetric concentration directly is used in parallel to a three-wire probe to obtain instantaneous density and velocity components simultaneously. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is also implemented to obtain field-wise measurements. The self-similarity behavior of the velocity statistics, corresponding probability density function (PDF) and spectra are presented. Mie-scattering images taken in both stream-wise and span-wise direction at different instability times have illustrated the turbulent structures visible in the instability. This work is graciously supported by DOE-National Nuclear Security Administration Grant Number DE-NA0001786.
A test and re-estimation of Taylor's empirical capacity-reserve relationship
Long, K.R.
2009-01-01
In 1977, Taylor proposed a constant elasticity model relating capacity choice in mines to reserves. A test of this model using a very large (n = 1,195) dataset confirms its validity but obtains significantly different estimated values for the model coefficients. Capacity is somewhat inelastic with respect to reserves, with an elasticity of 0.65 estimated for open-pit plus block-cave underground mines and 0.56 for all other underground mines. These new estimates should be useful for capacity determinations as scoping studies and as a starting point for feasibility studies. The results are robust over a wide range of deposit types, deposit sizes, and time, consistent with physical constraints on mine capacity that are largely independent of technology. ?? 2009 International Association for Mathematical Geology.
Design for solid-state Rayleigh-Taylor experiments in tantalum at Omega
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pollaine, S M; Remington, B A; Park, H S; Prisbrey, S T; Cavallo, R M
2010-01-01
We have designed an experiment for the Omega - EP laser facility to measure the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) growth rate of solid-state Ta samples at ∼1 Mbar pressures and very high strain rates, 10 7 -10 8 s -1 . A thin walled, hohlraum based, ramp-wave, quasi-isentropic drive has been developed for this experiment. Thick samples (∼50 um) of Ta, with a pre-imposed sinusoidal rippled on the driven side, will be accelerated. The ripple growth due to the RT instability is greatly reduced due to the dynamic material strength. We will show detailed designs, and a thorough error analysis used to optimize the experiment and minimize uncertainty.
Jet-like long spike in nonlinear evolution of ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ye Wenhua; He Xiantu; Wang Lifeng
2010-01-01
We report the formation of jet-like long spike in the nonlinear evolution of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability (ARTI) experiments by numerical simulations. A preheating model κ(T) = κ SH [1 + f(T)], where κ SH is the Spitzer-Haerm (SH) electron conductivity and f(T) interprets the preheating tongue effect in the cold plasma ahead of the ablative front [Phys. Rev. E 65 (2002) 57401], is introduced in simulations. The simulation results of the nonlinear evolution of the ARTI are in general agreement with the experiment results. It is found that two factors, i.e., the suppressing of ablative Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (AKHI) and the heat flow cone in the spike tips, contribute to the formation of jet-like long spike in the nonlinear evolution of the ARTI. (authors)
Observation of Self-Similar Behavior of the 3D, Nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sadot, O.; Smalyuk, V.A.; Delettrez, J.A.; Sangster, T.C.; Goncharov, V.N.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Betti, R.; Shvarts, D.
2005-01-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor unstable growth of laser-seeded, 3D broadband perturbations was experimentally measured in the laser-accelerated, planar plastic foils. The first experimental observation showing the self-similar behavior of the bubble size and amplitude distributions under ablative conditions is presented. In the nonlinear regime, the modulation σ rms grows as α σ gt 2 , where g is the foil acceleration, t is the time, and α σ is constant. The number of bubbles evolves as N(t)∝(ωt√(g)+C) -4 and the average size evolves as (t)∝ω 2 gt 2 , where C is a constant and ω=0.83±0.1 is the measured scaled bubble-merging rate
Saranadhi, Dhananjai; Chen, Dayong; Kleingartner, Justin; Srinivasan, Siddarth; Cohen, Robert; McKinley, Gareth
2015-11-01
A submerged body can be heated past its Leidenfrost temperature to form a thick, continuous film of steam between itself and the water. Here we employ a superhydrophobic surface to drastically reduce the energy input required to create and sustain such a boiling film, and use the resulting slip boundary condition to achieve skin friction drag reduction on the inner rotor of a bespoke Taylor-Couette apparatus. We find that skin friction can be reduced by over 90% relative to an unheated superhydrophobic surface at Re = 19,200, and derive a boundary layer and slip theory to fit the data to a model that calculates a slip length of 3.12 +/- 0.4 mm. This indicates that the boiling film has a thickness of 112 μm, which is consistent with literature.
Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in indirect laser drive with rugby-shaped hohlraums
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Casner, A.; Galmiche, D.; Huser, G.; Jadaud, J.P.; Richard, A.; Liberatore, S.; Vandenboomgaerde, M.
2009-01-01
The mastering of the development of hydrodynamic instabilities like Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities is an important milestone on the way to perform efficient laser implosions. The complexity of these instabilities implies an experimental validation of the theoretical models and their computer simulations. An experimental platform involving the Omega laser has allowed us to perform indirect drive with rugby-shaped hohlraums. The experiments have validated the growth of 2- and 3-dimensional initial defects as predicted by theory. We have shown that the 3-dimensional defect saturates for an higher amplitude than the 2-dimensional one does. The experiments have been made by using a plastic shell doped with Germanium (CH:Ge). (A.C.)
Schmidt, F; McIntosh, E
2002-01-01
This is a description of the basic ideas behind the ``Polymorphic Tracking Code'' or PTC. PTC is truly a ``kick code'' or symplectic integrator in the tradition of TRACYII, SixTrack, and TEAPOT. However it separates correctly the mathematical atlas of charts and the magnets at a structural level by implementing a ``restricted fibre bundle.'' The resulting structures allow backward propagation and recirculation, something not possible in standard tracking codes. Also PTC is polymorphic in handling real (single, double and even quadruple precision) and Taylor series. Therefore it has all the tools associated to the TPSA packages: Lie methods, Normal Forms, Cosy-Infinity capabilities, beam envelopes for radiation, etc., as well as parameter dependence on-the-fly. However PTC is an integrator, and as such, one must, generally, adhere to the Talman ``exactness'' view of modelling. Incidentally, it supports exact sector and rectangular bends as well. Of course, one can certainly bypass its integrator and the user i...
Analytic continuation of tgensor fields along geodesics by covariant Taylor series
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tsirulev, A.N.
1995-01-01
It is shown that in a certain normal neighborhood of a submanifold-the analog of a normal neighborhood of a point-the covariant derivatives of all orders of an arbitrary tensor field and of the curvature and torsion along geodesics normal to the submanifold, taken at points of the submanifold, determine under conditions of analyticity the given tensor field by Taylor series with tensor coefficients. Explicit expressions are obtained that provide a recursive procedure for calculating the coefficients of the series in any order. Special cases of the expansion of the components of a pseudo-Riemannian metric with respect to a metric connection without torsion for a point and hypersurface are considered
Unmixing demonstration with a twist: A photochromic Taylor-Couette device
Fonda, Enrico; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R.
2017-10-01
10.1119/1.4996901.1 This article describes an updated version of the famous Taylor-Couette flow reversibility demonstration. The viscous fluid confined between two concentric cylinders is forced to move by the rotating inner cylinder and visualized through the transparent outer cylinder. After a few rotations, a colored blob of fluid appears well mixed. Yet, after reversing the motion for the same number of turns, the blob reappears in the original location as if the fluid has just been unmixed. The use of household supplies makes the device inexpensive and easy to build without specific technical skills. The device can be used for demonstrations in fluid dynamics courses and outreach activities to discuss the concepts of viscosity, creeping flows, the absence of inertia, and time-reversibility.
2D HYDRA Calculations of Magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor Growth and Feedthrough in Cylindrical Liners
Weis, Matthew; Zhang, Peng; Lau, Y. Y.; Gilgenbach, Ronald; Peterson, Kyle; Hess, Mark
2014-10-01
Cylindrical liner implosions are susceptible to the magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability (MRT), along with the azimuthal current-carrying modes (sausage, kink, etc). ``Feedthrough'' of these instabilities has a strong influence on the integrity of the liner/fuel interface in the magnetized liner inertial fusion concept (MagLIF). The linearized ideal MHD equations can be solved to quantify these effects, including the presence of an effective gravity and an axial magnetic field. We investigate the potential of this field to mitigate feedthrough, due to MRT growth from various initial surface finishes (seeded, rough), throughout the implosion using our analytic results and the LLNL code, HYDRA. We will present both low and high convergence cases. Lastly, we illustrate the effect shock compression can have on feedthrough in seeded liners for various fill gases (cold and pre-heated) and magnetic field configurations. M. R. Weis was supported by the Sandia National Laboratories.
Recoding painting? Repeated use of artwork in Cindy Sherman and Sam Taylor Wood
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dunja Radetic
2012-12-01
Through a theoretical analysis of two contemporary artworks by Cindy Sherman and Sam Taylor Wood, both based on earlier visual tradition, we will consider the effects of re-production of images as the re-production of deferred meaning. The intersystemic quotation such as painting - tableau vivant – coding by photographic and video technologies, works at different levels and creates high degree of ambiguity between the media and the images involved. This mediation produces disturbing effects on the viewer who has to recognize in the artwork an contaminated and elusive visual tradition, which displays a latent meanings and (reactivates memory images. In order to understand these complex layers it is necessary to consider the work and its subtext in terms of a shared temporality in which images, media and extratextual memories, interact.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rodriguez Prieto, G.; Piriz, A. R.; Lopez Cela, J. J.; Tahir, N. A.
2013-01-01
A previous theory on dynamic stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability at interfaces between Newtonian fluids is reformulated in order to make evident the analogy of this problem with the related one on dynamic stabilization of ablation fronts in the framework of inertial confinement fusion. Explicit analytical expressions are obtained for the boundaries of the dynamically stable region which turns out to be completely analogue to the stability charts obtained for the case of ablation fronts. These results allow proposing experiments with Newtonian fluids as surrogates for studying the case of ablation fronts. Experiments with Newtonian fluids are presented which demonstrate the validity of the theoretical approach and encourage to pursue experimental research on ablation fronts to settle the feasibility of dynamic stabilization in the inertial confinement fusion scenario.
Development of a Couette-Taylor flow device with active minimization of secondary circulation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ethan Schartman
2009-01-27
A novel Taylor-Couette experiment has been developed to produce rotating shear ows for the study of hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic instabilities which are believed to drive angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks. High speed, concentric, corotating cylinders generate the flow where the height of the cylinders is twice the radial gap width. Ekman pumping is controlled and minimized by splitting the vertical boundaries into pairs of nested, differentially rotating rings. The end rings and cylinders comprise four independently driven rotating components which provide exibility in developing flow profiles. The working fluids of the experiment are water, a water-glycerol mix, or a liquid gallium alloy. The mechanical complexity of the apparatus and large dynamic pressures generated by high speed operation with the gallium alloy presented unique challenges. The mechanical implementation of the experiment and some representative results obtained with Laser Doppler Velocimetry in water are discussed.
Reconnaissance surficial geologic map of the Taylor Mountains quadrangle, southwestern Alaska
Wilson, Frederic H.
2015-09-28
This map and accompanying digital files are the result of the interpretation of aerial photographs from the 1950s as well as more modern imagery. The area, long considered a part of Alaska that was largely not glaciated (see Karlstrom, 1964; Coulter and others, 1965; or Péwé, 1975), actually has a long history reflecting local and more distant glaciations. An unpublished photogeologic map of the Taylor Mountains quadrangle from the 1950s by J.N. Platt Jr. was useful in the construction of this map. Limited new field mapping in the area was conducted as part of a mapping project in the Dillingham quadrangle to the south (Wilson and others, 2003); however, extensive aerial photograph interpretation represents the bulk of the mapping effort. The accompanying digital files show the sources for each line and geologic unit shown on the map.
Dynamic stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability in an ablation front
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Piriz, A. R.; Di Lucchio, L.; Rodriguez Prieto, G.
2011-01-01
Dynamic stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability in an ablation front is studied by considering a modulation in the acceleration that consists of sequences of Dirac deltas. This allows obtaining explicit analytical expressions for the instability growth rate as well as for the boundaries of the stability region. As a general rule, it is found that it is possible to stabilize all wave numbers above a certain minimum value k m , but the requirements in the modulation amplitude and frequency become more exigent with smaller k m . The essential role of compressibility is phenomenologically addressed in order to find the constraint it imposes on the stability region. The results for some different wave forms of the acceleration modulation are also presented.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Henry de Frahan, M. T. [Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA; Belof, J. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; Cavallo, R. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; Raevsky, V. A. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-VNIIEF, Sarov 607188, Russia; Ignatova, O. N. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-VNIIEF, Sarov 607188, Russia; Lebedev, A. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-VNIIEF, Sarov 607188, Russia; Ancheta, D. S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; El-dasher, B. S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; Florando, J. N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; Gallegos, G. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA; Johnsen, E. [Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA; LeBlanc, M. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA
2015-06-14
A recent collaboration between LLNL and VNIIEF has produced a set of high explosive driven Rayleigh-Taylor strength data for beryllium. Design simulations using legacy strength models from Steinberg-Lund and Preston-Tonks-Wallace (PTW) suggested an optimal design that would delineate between not just different strength models, but different parameters sets of the PTW model. Application of the models to the post-shot results, however, shows close to classical growth. We characterize the material properties of the beryllium tested in the experiments. We also discuss recent efforts to simulate the data using the legacy strength models as well as the more recent RING relaxation model developed at VNIIEF. Finally, we present shock and ramp-loading recovery experiments conducted as part of the collaboration.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ogasawara, Masatada; Takita, Masami.
1981-08-01
Spontaneous magnetic fields due to the temperature gradient nabla T 0 produced by a focussed laser beam on one point of a pellet are taken into account in deriving the dispersion relation of Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Growth rate γ decreases with time. Density fluctuation with wavelength shorter than 1.5(R/L sub(T)) x (n sub(s)/n 0 )sup(1/2) μm is remarkably stabilized, where R, L sub(T), n sub(s) and n 0 are the radius of a pellet, L sub(T)sup(-1) = + nabla T 0 /T 0 + , number densities of solid and the pellet. Validity condition of the theory is γt 0 >> 1 or in another form R >> L, where t 0 is the time of thermal expansion of a pellet and L -1 = + nabla n 0 /n 0 + . (author)
Designing cylindrical implosion experiments on NIF to study deceleration phase of Rayleigh-Taylor
Vazirani, N.; Kline, J. L.; Loomis, E.; Sauppe, J. P.; Palaniyappan, S.; Flippo, K.; Srinivasan, B.; Malka, E.; Bose, A.; Shvarts, D.
2017-10-01
The Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) hydrodynamic instability occurs when a lower density fluid pushes on a higher density fluid. This occurs in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions at each of the capsule interfaces during the initial acceleration and the deceleration as it stagnates. The RT instabilities mix capsule material into the fusion fuel degrading the Deuterium-Tritium reactivity and ultimately play a key role in limiting target performance. While significant effort has focused on understanding RT at the outer capsule surface, little work has gone into understanding the inner surface RT instability growth during the deceleration phase. Direct measurements of the RT instability are difficult to make at high convergence in a spherical implosion. Here we present the design of a cylindrical implosion system for the National Ignition Facility for studying deceleration phase RT. We will discuss the experimental design, the estimated instability growth, and our outstanding concerns.
Development of a Couette-Taylor flow device with active minimization of secondary circulation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schartman, Ethan
2009-01-01
A novel Taylor-Couette experiment has been developed to produce rotating shear flows for the study of hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic instabilities which are believed to drive angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks. High speed, concentric, corotating cylinders generate the flow where the height of the cylinders is twice the radial gap width. Ekman pumping is controlled and minimized by splitting the vertical boundaries into pairs of nested, differentially rotating rings. The end rings and cylinders comprise four independently driven rotating components which provide exibility in developing flow profiles. The working fluids of the experiment are water, a water-glycerol mix, or a liquid gallium alloy. The mechanical complexity of the apparatus and large dynamic pressures generated by high speed operation with the gallium alloy presented unique challenges. The mechanical implementation of the experiment and some representative results obtained with Laser Doppler Velocimetry in water are discussed
Finite-thickness effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in accelerated elastic solids
Piriz, S. A.; Piriz, A. R.; Tahir, N. A.
2017-05-01
A physical model has been developed for the linear Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a finite-thickness elastic slab laying on top of a semi-infinite ideal fluid. The model includes the nonideal effects of elasticity as boundary conditions at the top and bottom interfaces of the slab and also takes into account the finite transit time of the elastic waves across the slab thickness. For Atwood number AT=1 , the asymptotic growth rate is found to be in excellent agreement with the exact solution [Plohr and Sharp, Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 49, 786 (1998), 10.1007/s000330050121], and a physical explanation is given for the reduction of the stabilizing effectiveness of the elasticity for the thinner slabs. The feedthrough factor is also calculated.
Martinand, Denis; Tilton, Nils
2016-11-01
This study addresses analytically and numerically the coupling between hydrodynamic instabilities and osmotic pressure driven by concentration polarization. The configuration consists of a Taylor-Couette cell filled with a Newtonian fluid carrying a passive scalar. Whereas the concentric inner and outer cylinders are membranes permeable to the solvent, they totally reject the scalar. As a radial in- or outflow of solvent is imposed through both cylinders, a concentration boundary layer develops on the cylinder where the solvent exits, until an equilibrium steady state is reached. In addition, the rotation of the inner cylinder is used to drive centrifugal instabilities in the form of toroidal vortices, which interact with the concentration boundary layer. By means of the osmotic pressure, concentration polarization is found to promote or hinder the hydrodynamic instabilities, depending on capacity of the vortices and diffusion to increase the concentration field at the membrane. The results obtained by analytical stability analysis agree with dedicated Direct Numerical Simulations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tonks, Michael R [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01
We compare the experimentally obtained response of two cylindrical tantalum Taylor impact specimens. The first specimen is manufactured using a powder metallurgy (P/M) process with a random initial texture and relatively equiaxed crystals. The second is sectioned from a roundcorner square rolled (RCSR) rod with an asymmetric texture and elongated crystals. The deformed P/M specimen has an axisymmetric footprint while the deformed RCSR projectile has an eccentric footprint with distinct corners. Also, the two specimens experienced similar crystallographic texture evolution, though the RCSR specimen experienced greater plastic deformation. Our simulation predictions mimic the texture and deformation data measured from the P/M specimen. However, our RCSR specimen simulations over-predict the texture development and do not accurately predict the deformation, though the deformation prediction is improved when the texture is not allowed to evolve. We attribute this discrepancy to the elongated crystal morphology in the RCSR specimen which is not represented in our mean-field model.
Numerical simulation of stratified shear flow using a higher order Taylor series expansion method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Iwashige, Kengo; Ikeda, Takashi [Hitachi, Ltd. (Japan)
1995-09-01
A higher order Taylor series expansion method is applied to two-dimensional numerical simulation of stratified shear flow. In the present study, central difference scheme-like method is adopted for an even expansion order, and upwind difference scheme-like method is adopted for an odd order, and the expansion order is variable. To evaluate the effects of expansion order upon the numerical results, a stratified shear flow test in a rectangular channel (Reynolds number = 1.7x10{sup 4}) is carried out, and the numerical velocity and temperature fields are compared with experimental results measured by laser Doppler velocimetry thermocouples. The results confirm that the higher and odd order methods can simulate mean velocity distributions, root-mean-square velocity fluctuations, Reynolds stress, temperature distributions, and root-mean-square temperature fluctuations.
CFD simulation of shear-induced aggregation and breakage in turbulent Taylor-Couette flow.
Wang, Liguang; Vigil, R Dennis; Fox, Rodney O
2005-05-01
An experimental and computational investigation of the effects of local fluid shear rate on the aggregation and breakage of approximately 10 microm latex spheres suspended in an aqueous solution undergoing turbulent Taylor-Couette flow was carried out. First, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed and the flow field predictions were validated with data from particle image velocimetry experiments. Subsequently, the quadrature method of moments (QMOM) was implemented into the CFD code to obtain predictions for mean particle size that account for the effects of local shear rate on the aggregation and breakage. These predictions were then compared with experimental data for latex sphere aggregates (using an in situ optical imaging method). Excellent agreement between the CFD-QMOM and experimental results was observed for two Reynolds numbers in the turbulent-flow regime.