WorldWideScience

Sample records for anomie

  1. Psychology of anomie

    OpenAIRE

    Narciso Benbenaste; Edgardo Etchezahar; Marta Del Río

    2014-01-01

    Anomie is a phenomenon which not only affects daily life but also the quality of institutions and therefore, as studied by economic neo-institutionalism, the possibilities of economic development. So far the treatment of this phenomenon comes predominantly from the sociological theory. In the fi rst part of this paper we recognize some of Emile Durkheim´s contributions, adding Nino´s perspicacious comments as regards “anomia boba” (“dull anomie”).Then we describe, what makes the main purpose ...

  2. Social Anomie and Drug Addiction

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The present article addresses the relationshop between social anomie and drug addiction and tries to show that how we can apply anomie theory to clarify the aspects of this social problem in our society. By reviewing Durkheim’s and Merton’s anomie theories and Agnew’s mental-social theory، this article attempts to show that despite of fundamental differences in these two theories، Iranian Society has an anomic situation and this situation has a high poteniality for tendency toward drug addict...

  3. Psychology of anomie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narciso Benbenaste

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Anomie is a phenomenon which not only affects daily life but also the quality of institutions and therefore, as studied by economic neo-institutionalism, the possibilities of economic development. So far the treatment of this phenomenon comes predominantly from the sociological theory. In the fi rst part of this paper we recognize some of Emile Durkheim´s contributions, adding Nino´s perspicacious comments as regards “anomia boba” (“dull anomie”.Then we describe, what makes the main purpose of this article, what we believe to be the basic psychological confi guration of a population in which anomie is not perceived as a negative value. That basic confi guration, which takes as a reference observations and data from our own research, consists of the following four characteristics-defi ned psychologically as regressive features: a The individual development represented as opposite to social interest; b tendency to represent the hierarchy as authoritarianism, where there is no difference between authority and authoritarianism; c the primarization of secondary links; d male chauvinism.

  4. Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teymoori, Ali; Jetten, Jolanda; Bastian, Brock; Ariyanto, Amarina; Autin, Frédérique; Ayub, Nadia; Badea, Constantina; Besta, Tomasz; Butera, Fabrizio; Costa-Lopes, Rui; Cui, Lijuan; Fantini, Carole; Finchilescu, Gillian; Gaertner, Lowell; Gollwitzer, Mario; Gómez, Ángel; González, Roberto; Hong, Ying Yi; Jensen, Dorthe Høj; Karasawa, Minoru; Kessler, Thomas; Klein, Olivier; Lima, Marcus; Mähönen, Tuuli Anna; Megevand, Laura; Morton, Thomas; Paladino, Paola; Polya, Tibor; Ruza, Aleksejs; Shahrazad, Wan; Sharma, Sushama; Torres, Ana Raquel; van der Bles, Anne Marthe; Wohl, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Sociologists coined the term “anomie” to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as ‘a state of society’ and as a ‘state of mind’, we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the ‘state of society’. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed. PMID:27383133

  5. THE HEURISTIC POTENTIAL OF ANOMIE THEORY IN MODERN CRIMINOLOGY

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    Alexander Vladislavovich Pletnev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with modern English theories of anomie. They can be used in Russian criminology.  The main goal of article consists in detection of actual theories of anomie and definition of prospects of their use. As modern theories of anomie are poorly submitted in the Russian sociological and criminological literature, the subject of research is actual. This work contains the analysis of opportunities for adoption of modern conceptions of anomie of individual in Russian practice. During research development of the theory of anomie in the history of sociology was considered. The problem of anomie was admitted actual antique Greece. Anomie which is today concerned with normlessness and related to alienation is associated primarily with the works of Durkheim and Merton. Anomia developed in research by MacIver and Srole as a characteristic of individuals and related to the breakdown of the individual’s sense of attachment to society. Results of theoretical research show that theories of anomie of the personality have the greatest heuristic potential for modern Russian science. Other important conclusion of research is one that the anomie can have some sources of emergence. Further studying of this subject is necessary because English-language theories of anomie contain a set of theoretical and empirical results which can be used in the Russian criminology.

  6. Anomy in Dostoiévski: denial of references

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    Flávio Honório da Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to reflect about the concept of anomy in Notes from Underground from Dostoievski analyzing the exacerbated individualism, constant dissatisfaction, a ethical and moral vacuum triggered by exercise of the ratio between other elements that can be understood as a social sin. In a theological approach the paper want to draw a parallel between  the anomy as social sin and the consciousness of social sin as open to salvation trough love.Keywords: Anomie, social sin, nihilism, God

  7. A Study of Social Anomie among Slum Residents of Tabriz

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    Mohammad-Bagher Alizadeh Aghdam

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Uncontrolled urban growth had led to production of inhabitants in marginalized areas and slums by creating and increasing inequality in urban contexts. In such a circumstance, several problems arise; marginalized areas are prone to various social pathologies. In this paper, we consider the problem of anomie, which is regarded as one of the most important problems of the marginalized. It is a social situation in which disintegration of norms that govern social interactions and relationships occurs. Anomie or social chaos is an irregularity or abnormality in which people are unable to communicate with common rules and satisfy their needs. According to Durkheim, anomie includes a state in which a set of rules governing social functions is missing. In the anomic condition, disorder, conflict, and instability of norms are clearly visible. In this paper, we examine the relationship between social anomie and several important factors such as religiosity, moral illegality, instrumental illegality, cultural capital and economic capital among marginalized populations of Tabriz city. Many sociologists argue that marginalization in large metropolitan cities originate from forms of social deviations from within these communities. Tabriz is one of Iran's metropolitan cities, suffering from a kind of marginalization whose consequences are indicative of social abnormalities. Considering the above discussion, the main objective of this paper is to examine factors responsible for creation of anomie among marginalized citizens of Tabriz. Material and Methods This survey research was conducted in 2013. Questionnaire is used for data gathering, and to analyze the data, SPSS software, Pearson correlation test and regression analysis were used. Research population includes all residents of marginalized areas of Tabriz. Sampling method was multi-stage cluster sampling. Using Cochran formula, sample size was estimated to include 384 individuals. The

  8. Success and anomy of the corporal

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    Larisa Viktorovna Efimova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The success and its anomichny manifestation in modern society becomes object of research of article. The success represents material prosperity and high position of the person in society, but ways of its achievement connected with knowledge, professionalism, working capacity, ability to make decisions and creativity are held back, negatively affecting interpretative practicians of a phenomenon mass consciousness. In the most Russian society the anomichnost of a state in which the dialectic interrelation of its social and individual modes is highlighted is found today. The anomy acts as an indicator of a mismatch of the purposes and standards of life, causing violations traditional, standard правовового, axiological. And individual acts as the most indicative illustration of an anomichnost of the social corporal as a component of modern success. The corporality is located in a discourse sexual today that involves artificial transformations of a body and as a result brings to a body/corporality razjyatiya from the owner. The success anomichnost situation by means of corporal transformations demands revival reflexive, traditional, moral and legal, restrictions manipulative the practician of mass media.

  9. Personality Value Orientations in Terms of Kyrgyzstan Society Anomie

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    Ruslan M. Asanaliyev

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available All well-known definitions of an anomy extremely precisely approach to a current state Kyrgyz society. The chosen ways under of subjective and objective circumstances lead to society destabilization. During such periods of social development the developed values and valuable orientations can’t be equal to the existing realities, and new weren't created yet up to the end, exactly in such conditions the anomy and deviant behavior most extend. Today to the country deviant behavior of considerable part of the population embodies the destructive tendencies most dangerous. These tendencies must be studied and analyzed.

  10. Social Structure, Anomie, and National Levels of Homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaible, Lonnie M; Altheimer, Irshad

    2016-06-01

    Merton's "Social Structure and Anomie" seeks to explain how "socio-cultural" influences exert "definite pressures" to engage in non-conformity. Despite having a significant influence, few studies have assessed the degree to which Merton's propositions explain cross-national variation in levels of crime. Using data on national levels of homicide, data from the World Values Survey, and other structural controls, the present study assesses the degree to which deinstitutionalization, demoralization, and blocked opportunity interact to explain crime cross-nationally. Results provide a high degree of support for Merton's assertion that societal types characterized by relatively high levels of materialism and/or demoralization or deinstitutionalization suffer from higher levels of homicide. However, there is less support for Merton's assertion that inequality interacts with various societal patterns of means/ends integration in a meaningful way. Findings and implications for the utility of classical anomie as a general macro-level theory are discussed. PMID:26216918

  11. RELIGIOUS ANOMIE AS THE DEVIATION CATALYST IN THE MODERN SOCIETY

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    Alexander Vladislavovich Pletnev

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article features of influence of religion on the individual in the modern society are considered. In the XXI century the religion shows weak ability to execute functions of social control. At the same time the religion remains the major psychological factor which in many respects defines the maintenance of the vital world of individuals. Strengthening of influence of religion as psychological factor allows to study social consequences of this influence. If the classical sociological theory considers religion as a factor certainly constraining an anomy, in modern conditions the religion has rather opposite effect. The Christian religion shows the highest, unrealizable requirements to the individual.As a result of it the individuals strongly subject to influence of Christian values feel ina-bility to correspond to Christian model of ideal human behavior. The variety of religions in the modern society of the western type and conducting interreligious dialogue is other reason of development of religious anomy. The mutual erosion of the valuable and standard bases of each religion turns out to be consequence of this dialogue. In addition, modern society is characterized by essential distinction in understanding individuals of norms and principles of that religion which supporters they are.As for change of functioning of religion as social institute, in this aspect the increasing reorientation of religious institutes of the western society to the market purposes and values is observed. The specified processes in general will lead to increase of deviant behavior due to development of religious anomy.

  12. The Relationship between Anomie, Dogmatism and Selected Personal-Social Factors Among Asocial Adolescent Boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewing, Dorlesa Barmettler

    The study investigated the relationship of anomie and dogmatism to asociality or predelinquency in eleventh-grade Catholic boys. The population consisted of 536 Mexican American, Negro, and Anglo boys in 6 parochial high schools. Instruments used were a student questionnaire, the Jesness Inventory, the Lowe Anomie Scale, and the Rokeach Dogmatism…

  13. Want Amid Plenty: Developing and Testing a Cross-National Measure of Anomie

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    John K. Cochran

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the biggest challenges facing researchers trying to empirically test structural or institutional anomie theories is the operationalization of the key concept of anomie. This challenge is heightened by the data constraints involved in cross-national research. As a result, researchers have been forced to rely on surrogate or proxy measures of anomie and indirect tests of the theories. The purpose of this study is to examine an innovative and more theoretically sound measure of anomie and to test its ability to make cross-national predictions of serious crime. Our results are supportive of the efficacy of this construct to explain cross-national variations in crime rates. Nations with the highest rates of structural anomie also have the highest predicted rates of homicide.

  14. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism (March 2004

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    Luc Robène

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of inter-group competition and the construction of identity. One of the main factors in the development of this juvenile violence is the context of social anomie in which these supporters act.

  15. Hostility and anomie: Links to preterm delivery subtypes and ambulatory blood pressure at mid-pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Holzman, Claudia B.; De Vos, Eric; Xu, Jia; Korzeniewski, Steve; Rahbar, Mohammad H.; Goble, Monica M; Kallen, David

    2008-01-01

    Underlying maternal vascular disease has been implicated as one of several pathways contributing to preterm delivery (PTD) and psychosocial factors such as hostility, anomie, effortful coping, and mastery may be associated with PTD by affecting maternal vascular health. Using data from the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) study, we included 2,018 non-Hispanic White and 743 African American women from 52 clinics in 5 Michigan, USA communities who were interviewed at 15−27 weeks’...

  16. Social Anomie and Observance of Traffic Rules (Case Study: Tabriz Drivers)

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Abbaszadeh; Esa Abedini; Mohammad Reza Hasani; Morteza Mobarak Bakhshayesh

    2013-01-01

    IntroductionOne of the social factors influencing law-evading behavior is social distress or feelings of anomie. When society is in a chaotic situation, respecting the law is unenforceable. Previous research has shown how this situation contributes to a state of lawlessness. About the importance of this issue we can say that according to statistics many of road accidents in Iran stem from law-evading behavior and insufficient attention to traffic rules. Comparing the high rates of road accide...

  17. Post-socialist anomie through the lens of economic modernization and the formalization of social control

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Swader; Leon Kosals

    2013-01-01

    This paper inquires into how economic modernization impacts normative regulation by spurring, on the one hand (a) formal media of normative regulation (also known as formal social control) in the spheres of politics, economics and interpersonal relations and, on the other hand, (b) informality via the lower density of norms (also known as anomie). This work then asks how these two processes relate to one another. Evidence indicates that modernization is clearly linked to formal media of norma...

  18. Effects of anomie, alienation and confidence on antisocial behavior in youth out of school and work system

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    José Ángel Vera Noriega

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to establish the antisocial and criminal behavior from perceived social and psychological anomie, alienation and confidence in institutions in young people who are outside the education system and labor in Hermosillo (Sonora, Mexico. The results indicate that psychological and social anomie, alienation and confidence in institutions can explain 28% of the variability in the expression of antisocial and criminal behavior. In addition, three profiles were found that were called adolescents: a tight, b alienated c deinstitutionalized: We conclude that public policies aimed at young people must build trust and seek ways to facilitate them the access to formal education systems.

  19. Hooliganisme : De la question de l’anomie sociale et du déterminisme. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism

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    Luc Robène

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Les violences des foules sportives qui se donnent à voir dans, à proximité ou même parfois loin des stades, communément dénommées hooliganisme, concernent essentiellement les publics juvéniles. A contrario des idées reçues ces violences ne répondent pas à la logique du déterminisme social. Elles prennent source à la « période de latence psychosociale », les jeunes hooligans n’ayant encore ni intégrés, ni rejoints les rôles et les statuts d’adultes empreints de retenue et s’inscrivent dans une logique de concurrence intergroupes et de construction identitaire. Un des facteurs principaux de l’émergence de ces violences juvéniles est le contexte d’anomie sociale dans lequel s’exerce l’activité de ces supporters.The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of inter-group competition and the construction of identity. One of the main factors in the development of this juvenile violence is the context of social anomie in which these supporters act. Full Text

  20. Assessing the Relevance of Anomie Theory for Explaining Spatial Variation in Lethal Criminal Violence: An Aggregate-Level Analysis of Homicide within the United States

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    Eric P. Baumer

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most influential statements in the anomie theory tradition has been Merton’s argument that the volume of instrumental property crime should be higher where there is a greater imbalance between the degree of commitment to monetary success goals and the degree of commitment to legitimate means of pursuing such goals. Contemporary anomie theories stimulated by Merton’s perspective, most notably Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory, have expanded the scope conditions by emphasizing lethal criminal violence as an outcome to which anomie theory is highly relevant, and virtually all contemporary empirical studies have focused on applying the perspective to explaining spatial variation in homicide rates. In the present paper, we argue that current explications of Merton’s theory and IAT have not adequately conveyed the relevance of the core features of the anomie perspective to lethal violence. We propose an expanded anomie model in which an unbalanced pecuniary value system – the core causal variable in Merton’s theory and IAT – translates into higher levels of homicide primarily in indirect ways by increasing levels of firearm prevalence, drug market activity, and property crime, and by enhancing the degree to which these factors stimulate lethal outcomes. Using aggregate-level data collected during the mid-to-late 1970s for a sample of relatively large social aggregates within the U.S., we find a significant effect on homicide rates of an interaction term reflecting high levels of commitment to monetary success goals and low levels of commitment to legitimate means. Virtually all of this effect is accounted for by higher levels of property crime and drug market activity that occur in areas with an unbalanced pecuniary value system. Our analysis also reveals that property crime is more apt to lead to homicide under conditions of high levels of structural disadvantage. These and other findings underscore the

  1. The lesser cotton leafworm, Anomis impasta (Guenée (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, in cotton

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    Roberta L. dos Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Anomis impasta (Guenée is a species that shows remarkable morphological and behavioral similarities with the cotton leafworm Alabama argillacea (Hübner. During two growing cotton seasons, A. impasta was observed feeding on leaves and flower bracts of cotton and monitored. Furthermore, a study was conducted under laboratory conditions to generate biological information about this species with larvae feeding cotton squares and leaves. Larvae fed on cotton squares exhibited delayed development (18.5 ± 0.18 days and lower pupal weight (140.8 ± 2.26 mg compared to larvae fed on cotton leaves (14.0 ± 0.07 days and 169.3 ± 2.06 mg. Thus, one generation cycle of A. impasta was obtained by feeding the larvae with cotton leaves. The mean (minimum-maximum values for the duration of eggs, larvae and pupae were: 3.0 (3-4, 14.8 (14-18, and 9.7 (7-14 days, respectively. The viability of the eggs, larvae, and pupae were 43.7, 98.3, and 94.7%, respectively. Females lived on average 25.2 days (ranging from 15 to 37 days and produced 869 eggs (from 4 to 1,866 eggs. The successful development and reproduction of A. impasta on cotton, especially, on the cotton leaves, suggest the potential of this species to reach a pest status in cotton. The similarities with A. argillacea, as discussed in this study, can be one of the reasons for low reference to A. impasta in the field. Therefore, the information provided here will allow researchers and growers to distinguish these two cotton defoliators.

  2. La anomia en las novelas de crímenes en Colombia The anomie in colombian crime novels

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    Gustavo Forero Quintero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone el análisis de algunas novelas colombianas escritas entre los años 1990 y 2005 a partir de teoría de la anomia. Para ello, el autor ofrece una consideración de lo que es la anomia; en segundo lugar, explica la pertinencia del concepto para la literatura y, en tercer lugar, lo aplica a algunas de esas novelas. Finalmente, a partir de tal metodología, propone una caracterización de lo que denomina la novela de crímenes en Colombia.This paper proposes an analysis of some Colombian novels written between 1990 and 2005 based on anomie theory. From this sociological perspective, it defines the Crime Novel genre. Thus, the author provides a brief account of what anomie is. Secondly, he explains this concept in literature and, third, he applies it to contemporary Colombian novels. Finally, he proposes a characterization of the Crime Novel.

  3. MDR-TB, Isolation, and Anomie: Has Anyone Referred to Social Work? : Comment on "The Ethics of Isolation for Patients With Tuberculosis in Australia".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Krista N

    2016-03-01

    MDR-TB and admission to isolation can induce a situation in which individuals are normless, unable to achieve the social goals that they have learned to pursue. Described as anomie, this situation can induce deviant behaviour. Addressing the psychosocial ethics of MDR-TB and isolation, this paper responds to the call for consideration of resource allocation and liberty. PMID:26847829

  4. 试论高校图书馆大学生读者行为失范的教育管理%Education Management Countermeasures for Student Readers ’ Anomie Behaviors in University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕絮影

    2015-01-01

    The behavior anomie is a long-standing problem in library’s management and service. This paper expounds the performances of anomie behaviors of student readers, analyzes the causes of student readers’ anomie behaviors, and puts forward some countermeasures for the educational management of student readers’ anomie behaviors.%大学生读者行为失范是一个长期困扰大学图书馆管理与服务的突出问题。阐述了大学生读者失范行为的表现,分析了大学生读者失范行为的成因,提出了大学生读者失范行为的教育管理对策。

  5. Social Structural Effects on the Level and Development of the Individual Experience of Anomie in the German Population

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    Eldad Davidov

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Can one observe an increasing level of individual lack of orientation because of rapid social change in modern societies? This question is examined using data from a representative longitudinal survey in Germany conducted in 2002–04. The study examines the role of education, age, sex, region (east/west, and political orientation for the explanation of anomia (micro level and its development. First we present the different sources of anomie in modern societies, based on the theoretical foundations of Durkheim and Merton, and introduce the different definitions of anomia, including our own cognitive version. Then we deduce several hypotheses from the theory, which we test by means of longitudinal data for the period 2002–04 in Germany using the latent growth curve model as our statistical method. The empirical findings show that all the sociodemographic variables, including political orientation, are strong predictors of the initial level of anomia. Regarding the development of anomia (macro level over time (2002–04, only the region (west has a significant impact. In particular, the results of a multi-group analysis show that people from West-Germany with a right-wing political orientation become more anomic over this period. The article concludes with some theoretical implications.

  6. The Inherent Relationship between the New Media Anomie and Online Rumors%新媒体角色失范与网络谣言的内在关联

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东冬

    2016-01-01

    互联网时代,新媒体角色失范干扰了网络生态环境的发展,日益成为影响新媒体发展和社会发展的重要问题。新媒体角色失范表现在信息失真、舆论导向失范、舆论监督权利被无限放大、伦理道德失范、管控失范等多方面。新媒体角色失范与网络谣言传播有着紧密的内在关联,为网络谣言的滋生和蔓延提供了信息源、技术平台、心理根源和文化基础。规范新媒体的发展,既是媒体融合发展的必然要求,又是治理网络谣言的有效渠道。%In the Internet age,the new media anomie disturbed the development of the network ecological environment,and has become an important issue affecting the development of new media and social development. The new media anomies include the information distortion,public opinion orientation anomie,amplified public opinion supervision right,ethic and moral anomie,control anomie,and so on.There is a close connection between the new media anomie and the online rumors spreading,which provides the information source, technological platform,psychological and cultural basis for the breeding and spreading of the online rumors.To regulate the development of new media is not only the inevitable requirement of the development of media convergence,but also an effective channel to control online rumors.

  7. 新媒体角色失范与网络谣言的内在关联%The Inherent Relationship between the New Media Anomie and Online Rumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东冬

    2016-01-01

    In the Internet age,the new media anomie disturbed the development of the network ecological environment,and has become an important issue affecting the development of new media and social development. The new media anomies include the information distortion,public opinion orientation anomie,amplified public opinion supervision right,ethic and moral anomie,control anomie,and so on.There is a close connection between the new media anomie and the online rumors spreading,which provides the information source, technological platform,psychological and cultural basis for the breeding and spreading of the online rumors.To regulate the development of new media is not only the inevitable requirement of the development of media convergence,but also an effective channel to control online rumors.%互联网时代,新媒体角色失范干扰了网络生态环境的发展,日益成为影响新媒体发展和社会发展的重要问题。新媒体角色失范表现在信息失真、舆论导向失范、舆论监督权利被无限放大、伦理道德失范、管控失范等多方面。新媒体角色失范与网络谣言传播有着紧密的内在关联,为网络谣言的滋生和蔓延提供了信息源、技术平台、心理根源和文化基础。规范新媒体的发展,既是媒体融合发展的必然要求,又是治理网络谣言的有效渠道。

  8. THE «COLOR REVOLUTIONS» IN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL ANOMIE: SYMPTOMS OF DEVIATIONS IN THE SOCIALIZATION OF THE MODERN CITIZEN

    OpenAIRE

    Stepan Gennadevich Chukhin

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: the article analyzes the nature, characteristics and causes of socio-cultural anomie. We study the symptoms of deviations in the socialization of the modern citizen.Methodology: prediction.Results: the article analyzes the role of destructive social movements that use the techno-logy of «color revolutions» for the devaluation of civic traditions in modern citizen socialization.Practical implications: materials article may be of interest to researchers of the theory of civic education...

  9. 体育道德失范的表现及伦理救援%Sport moral anomie expressions and ethic rescue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于英; 戴红磊

    2013-01-01

    As sports professionalization and commercialization gradually becomes the theme of modern sport de-velopment, sport morals as the major ideology therein are misplaced or lost in the dying in the social environment. Based on their analysis of sport moral anomie behavior expressions, the authors concluded that the lack of the ac-cumulation of traditional morals, the lack of the arousing of sport spirits, the lack of people oriented appeals, and the lack of the perfection of restraint mechanisms, were fundamental reasons for sport moral anomie. Based on the said conclusion, the authors put forward the following ethic rescue strategies: rebuild the sport ethic principle which bases its core value on“honesty and trustworthiness”;establish a sport ethic culture which bases its core value on“sport spirits”; stick to the conception which bases its core value on “people oriented” management; perfect the sport ethic system which bases its core value on“legal and moral co-governance”.%  在体育职业化与商业化逐渐成为当代体育发展的主题时,作为其中主要意识形态的体育道德也在社会环境的浸染中出现了错位与迷失。基于对体育道德失范行为表现的剖析,认为缺乏传统道德的积淀、缺乏体育精神的唤醒、缺乏人之为本的诉求、缺乏约束机制的完善是其失范根源所在。提出重塑以“诚实守信”为核心价值的体育伦理原则,构建以“体育精神”为核心价值的体育伦理文化,坚持以“以人为本”为核心价值的理念,完善以“法道共治”为核心价值的体育伦理制度等伦理救援策略。

  10. 新媒体传播中的伦理失范与规制策略%New Media Ethics Anomie and regulation strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚福

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of new media and new media platform,the phenomenon of ethic less of new media is more and more serious.This paper discusses the concept and definition of new media communication ethics,cited the new media ethics anomie,analyzes the reasons of the ethic loss in new media ethics,and puts forward the measures and strategies to solve the problem.%新媒体与新媒体平台迅速发展,其传播过程中的伦理失范现象日益严重。面对挑战,这需要从新媒体与传播伦理的概念界定出发,列举新媒体传播伦理失范的表现,分析新媒体传播伦理失范的原因,并有针对性地提出解决这一问题的措施与策略。

  11. PERCEPCIONES DE BIENESTAR SOCIAL, ANOMIA, INTERÉS E IMPOTENCIA POLÍTICA EN RELACIÓN CON LAS ACTITUDES HACIA LA DEMOCRACIA/ PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL WELL-BEING, ANOMIE, POLITICAL INTEREST AND POWERLESSNESS IN RELATION WITH ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEMOCRACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunuen Ochoa Madrigal***

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENEste estudio empírico de corte transversal pone a prueba el supuesto de que las percepciones de bienestar social,anomia, interés político e impotencia política condicionan las actitudes hacia la democracia. Se tomó el modelo de cincodimensiones de Keyes (1998 para medir el bienestar social y se midió el constructo anomia desde la perspectiva psicosocialde Srole (1956. La muestra conformada por 568 sujetos mayores de edad de diferentes estados de México contestó unabatería que contenía cuatro cuestionarios: La Escala de Actitudes hacia la Democracia de Morales, Las Escalas de BienestarSocial de Keyes, La Escala de Anomia de Srole, La adaptación al español de la Escala de Impotencia Política y un ítem devalor único sobre Interés por la Política tomado de la Encuesta Social Europea 2006. Las correlaciones de bienestar social einterés por la política son positivas para la aceptación de la democracia. Los resultados muestran que a mayor percepciónde anomia e impotencia política mayor rechazo de la democracia.ABSTRACTThis empirical and transversal paper tests the hypothesis that perceived social well-being, anomie, political interest, andpolitical powerlessness condition attitudes towards democracy. We adopted the Keyes' five-dimension model to measuresocial well-being and the Srole's (1956 psychosocial perspective for anomie. A sample of 568 legally adult subjects ofdifferent states of Mexico filled out a battery containing four questionnaires: Morales' Attitudes Towards Democracy Scale,Keyes' Social Well-being Scales, Srole Anomie Scale, an adaptation into Spanish language of The Powerlessness Scale, andone item of unique value for Political Interest taken from the 2006 European Social Survey. Correlations between social wellbeing,political interest and acceptance of democracy were positives. Results show that higher perception of anomie andpolitical powerlessness indicates more rejection of democracy.

  12. An Analysis of Media Ethics Anomie Resulting from Informal Media Relations Practice%论非正式媒体关系活动导致的媒体伦理失范现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丙奇

    2011-01-01

    Informal media relations practices by public relations practitioners can result in media ethics anomie. Researchers in the field of media relations have analyzed related phenomena, focusing on the relationship between public relations practitioners and me%公关人员开展的非正式媒体关系活动会导致特定媒体伦理失范现象发生。媒体关系领域的研究者以公关人员与媒体人员之间的关系为出发点,对相关现象进行了关注。本文通过文献研究,试图对非正式媒体关系活动及其导致的媒体伦理失范现象进行解析。

  13. 文科研究生学术道德失范及教育对策∗%The Academic Moral Anomie of Liberal Arts Graduate Students and the Educational Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩玥; 何云峰; 张丽

    2015-01-01

    学术道德失范是近年来教育界十分关注的问题。文科研究生的学术道德失范,主要表现在学术精神缺失,学术责任感弱以及学术不端行为频发等方面。其根源在于社会环境的压力、学术评价及监督制度不完善、导师的引导力弱以及研究生自身学业倦怠等方面。要改变这种现状就必须从加强学术道德的宣传教育,完善评价监督机制,加强导师的责任感并且强化研究生的自我教育管理。%In recent years the academic moral anomie has turned out to be one of the focuses in academia, and the academic moral anomie on part of liberal arts graduate students is mainly manifested in lack of academic spirit and responsi-bility, frequent academic misconducts, and imperfect of academic assessment and supervision system, so on and so forth. It is also due to the weak guidance of the tutor and the academic burnout in graduate students. In order to solve this prob-lem, universities should strengthen the publicity and education of academic moral, improve the evaluation and supervisory mechanism, strengthen the tutor′s sense of responsibility and the graduate students′self-education.

  14. The Essay on the Anomie of Acadmeic Morolity of Postgrduate in Cyber Age%网络环境下研究生学术道德失范问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尉利工

    2014-01-01

    The representations of the anomie of graduates’ academic morality in the cyber age is the rapidity of output of scientific reasearch,the hide of academic plagiarism, and the homogeneity of academic achievements,etc. All of these phenomena not only re-lated to the utilitarian education concept of school,the disqualification of construction of academic moral system,the absence of academic moral education,but also related to the below standard tutor supervision,the absence of the academic morality anomie supervision and punishment mechanism,the low quality of students.For this,we need schools,society, teachers and students work together to develop a good academic morality of graduate stu-dents.%网络环境下研究生学术道德失范主要表现为科研成果产出快捷化、学术抄袭隐秘化、学术成果同质化等方面。这既与学校的功利主义教育理念、学术道德制度建设不到位、学术道德教育缺失有关,也与导师监管不到位、学术道德失范的监督和惩罚机制缺位和学生自身素质低下有关。对此,需要学校、社会和导师和学生共同努力,培养研究生形成良好的学术道德。

  15. On the Anomie of“Zhang”(帐) and“Zhang”(账) in Application and Its Reasons%“帐”与“账”的应用失范及其探因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雨亭

    2013-01-01

    银钱财务意义之“帐”与“账”长期混用而致失范,主要原因是“账”字之造出比“帐”字晚千多年;当代辞书漠视简化字表字头设置之偏误及语言文字规范化宣传落实乏力所致。语言文字的规范化标准化工作正在加速。%The usages of“zhang”(帐) and“zhang”(账) mixed up in application for a long time leads to the anomie. The first main reason is that the time when the word“zhang”(账) appeared is more than a thousand years later than the word“zhang” (帐) did, while the other reason is that the simplified wordlist in contemporary Chinese Dictionaries is often ignored and the language normalization is not well publicized. However, the speed of language normalization is accelerating.

  16. 浅谈我国社会转型期的道德失范现象及应对措施%On Moral Anomie Phenomenon and Countermeasures in the Social Transition of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵腾

    2012-01-01

    At present, due to the negative influence of the market economy, our country encounters a serious moral anomie in social transition period. They mainly lie in the missing of moral belief education, the disunity of moral evaluation standards and the bias in the mass media orientation. This problem has largely affected the society process of our country and has a serious threat to the stability and harmony of society. This article puts forward some countermeasures to the solution of this problem from several aspects.%当前,我国正处在社会转型的关键时期。受市场经济的负面影响,社会上出现了严重的道德失范现象,主要表现为道德信仰缺失、道德评价标准不统一、大众传媒导向偏颇等。这一问题在很大程度上阻碍了我国社会的进程,对社会的稳定和谐也构成了严重的威胁。因此,必须调整原有的道德体系,这已经成为时代进步发展的必然要求。应重视公民的道德教育,加强伦理道德的制度化和法制化建设等。只有多管齐下,才能有效解决这一问题。

  17. 产业转移中政府规制失范的治理探讨%Discuss on the Governance of the Government Regulation Anomie of Industrial Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡舜; 彭程甸

    2011-01-01

    At present, the characteristics of international industrial transfer showing that the main body of industrial transfer getting broader and there being more difficult and higher level to undertake, the scale getting larger and cycle getting shorter, transfer of high - tech industry and transformation of traditional industries being implemented simultaneously, strategic and emerging industries having become the new focus, outsourcing having become the new mainstream and service in- dustry having become the new hot spot. There are many problems of government regulation anomie in the process of in- dustrial transfer such as regulatory capture, regulatory offside and absence, imbalance among the organizational elements of regulatory agencies. So in the paper we make a number of policy proposals. First, we should establish a sound legal system and improve the government regulation policy to guide the transfer of traditional industries. Second, we can build an independent and efficient regulatory agency and strengthen the judicial review together to protect the transfer of tradi- tional industries. Then, it is necessary to define the boundaries and scope of government regulation reasonably, preven- ting from the offside and absence of government regulation. Last but not tile least, we should encourage the transfer of traditional industries, strengthen social participation and improve the supervision mechanism to develop the transfer of traditional industries.%当前国际产业转移呈现出产业转移的主体更多更广,承接的难度更大、层级更高,产业转移的规模更大、周期更短;高技术产业转移与传统产业改造并举,战略性新兴产业成为产业转移的新焦点,项目外包成为产业转移的新主流,服务业转移成为新热点等诸多特点。产业转移过程中的政府规制存在规制俘虏、规制越位与缺位共存、规制机构组织要素失衡等规制失范问题。提出了建立完善的法

  18. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism

    OpenAIRE

    Bodin, Dominique; Héas, Stéphane; Robène, Luc

    2004-01-01

    The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of...

  19. Professional societies 'ethos' and 'radiational anomie'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The variety of topics and issues, which are to be discussed at the meeting, and also IAEA earlier publications indicate, that investigations on safety culture in nuclear installations become a special trend, and determine the development of the nuclear branch. The importance of this fact can hardly be exaggerated. There is nowadays no trend in investigations more important for the existence of the nuclear branch, for its recognition by society, as well as for the development of society on the basis of achievements, connected with effective and safe (i.e. 'cultural') use of nuclear energy. There is no doubt, an idea in safety culture in nuclear installations and the whole nuclear industry was developed under the influence of a vast number of investigations on human factors in complex systems, ergonomics, human engineering, engineering psychology and lately also research on organizational behavior. Such an influence at one time was beneficial just because that necessity of accounting for Human Factors was realized in a variety of cases of specific technological problem solutions and for introduction of the safety culture concept. According to the analysis of collected data (at least under the social, economical, legal, psychological conditions of our country), for ensuring the nuclear installations safe functioning and effective personnel and management system work, it's necessary to take into account the extreme importance of factors resulting from a complex of psychological, social-psychological and social factors. (author)

  20. The Anomie Behavior in the Public Sphere of WeChat and the Construction of Its Specification Ruling by Law%微信公共领域里的失范行为及其法治规范建设∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰甲云; 曾思怡

    2016-01-01

    Based on the Habermas's public sphere theory,the article proposes that WeChat has initially formed the public sphere and mainly introduces some anomie behavior resulting from its social functions, its functions of media communication and its business trade platform.In order to prove the situation,this paper suggests settling it from three organically related specifications,that is,to manage,to operate and to use WeChat's public sphere under the rule of law.%从哈贝马斯公共领域理论出发,提出了微信群与微信公众号已经初步形成了公共领域这一观点,并主要介绍了围绕微信公共领域的社交功能、自媒体传播功能和商业贸易平台功能而产生的失范行为。依法规范微信公共领域,可以从完善依法管理微信公共领域、依法运营微信公共领域、依法使用微信公共领域三个有机联系层面的法治规范展开。

  1. Anomia y Alienación en Estudiantes Secundarios de Santiago de Chile: Resultados Iniciales de un Estudio Comparativo 1989-2007 Anomie and Alienation in High School Students in Santiago of Chile: Initial Results of a Comparative Research Study 1989-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Aceituno

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los avances de un estudio sobre percepción de integración social y normativa en estudiantes de cuarto año de educación media de Santiago (N = 343. Se analizan los resultados de un cuestionario sobre anomia y alienación psicosocial, validado en un estudio análogo realizado en 1989. La replicación en 2007 contribuye a la caracterización de la experiencia de integración social y normativa en los jóvenes de hoy, así como al análisis de sus transformaciones casi 20 años después. Los resultados muestran que no existe una clara diferencia en los niveles de anomia y alienación, respecto a los de 1989.In a sample of Chilean students in their last year of high school (N = 343 anomie and psychosocial alienation were measured with a questionnaire validated in an analogous study done in 1989. This study compared the results of 1989 with those of 2007. This comparison contributes to the psychosocial characterization of social and normative integration experiences of Chilean youth today, and to the analysis of their transformations approximately 20 years later. The results show that there is not a clear difference in the social and normative integration levels in the studied youth, with respect to those of 1989.

  2. Starting from strengthening the construction of the administrative integrity to effectively solve the loss of social honesty and moral anomie%从加强政务诚信建设入手切实解决社会诚信缺失和道德失范问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩学军

    2012-01-01

    If a country and nation lose the integrity,it means the loss of the future.The government as the maker,executor,supervisor and demonstrator of the national policy and system,is in the central position in the construction of the integrity playing a dominant role.Once the administrative integrity is missing,it is bound to mislead,induce and expand the lack of business integrity,social integrity,and judicial public trust.Breaking the administrative promise increased the country's political costs,administrative costs,social costs and moral costs,intensified the crisis of confidence,reduced the administrative efficiency,impacted the social harmony,and led to moral decline.To effectively solve the problem of our society honesty and moral anomie,we must strengthen the construction of the administrative integrity,which itself is both a good performance of faith,but also grasp the root of the problem.%一个国家和民族,如果失去了诚信,就意味着失去了未来。政府作为国家政策、制度的制定者、执行者、监督者和示范者,在诚信建设中居于核心地位,起着主导作用。政务诚信一旦缺失,势必误导、诱发、膨胀商务诚信、社会诚信和司法公信的缺失。政务失信加大了国家的政治成本、管理成本、社会成本和道德成本,加据了信任危机、降低了行政效率、影响了社会和谐、导致了道德滑坡。所以,要切实解决我国社会诚信缺失和道德失范问题,必须从加强政务诚信建设入手,这本身既是一种诚信的表现,同时也抓住了解决问题的根本。

  3. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism (March 2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Luc Robène; Stéphane Héas; Dominique Bodin

    2004-01-01

    The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of...

  4. Hooliganisme : De la question de l’anomie sociale et du déterminisme

    OpenAIRE

    Bodin, Dominique; Héas, Stéphane; Robène, Luc

    2004-01-01

    Les violences des foules sportives qui se donnent à voir dans, à proximité ou même parfois loin des stades, communément dénommées hooliganisme, concernent essentiellement les publics juvéniles. A contrario des idées reçues ces violences ne répondent pas à la logique du déterminisme social. Elles prennent source à la « période de latence psychosociale », les jeunes hooligans n’ayant encore ni intégrés, ni rejoints les rôles et les statuts d’adultes empreints de retenue et s’inscrivent dans une...

  5. An Inquiry on Ethnic Humor, Anomie, and Authoritarianism : How Sociological and Psychological Factors Influence Ethical Perception of Ethnic Jokes

    OpenAIRE

    Fardzadeh, Haghish Ebad

    2011-01-01

    For over a century, jokes have been considered serious narratives indicating shared attitudes, beliefs, or conflicts that are ripped from the community’s mind. Notably, people’s ethical attitude toward ethnic jokes has been ignored in humor studies. The purpose of the current thesis is twofold: a) developing a scale for measuring people’s ethical attitude toward ethnic humor and b) exploring sociological and psychological factors that relate to ethical attitude toward ethnic humor. In brief, ...

  6. Anomie and Isolation: The Wind-up Bird Chronicle, Ghost in the Shell, Serial Experiments Lain, and Japanese Consensus Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmo Gonzaga

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores how the societal effects of Japan’s economic recession during the 1990s are reflected in several cultural texts from that period: Haruki Murakami’s novel The Wind-up Bird Chronicle, the animé film Ghost in the Shell and the animé series Serial Experiments Lain.Faced with sudden job uncertainty due to the recession, Japanese individuals accustomed to the ideology of progress of a society that values uniformity and conformity have fallen into listlessness and withdrawal. Accordingly, the protagonists of these texts all experience a crisis of embodied subjectivity, or shutaisei that is tied to a loss of community and history.They work to reconstitute their shutaisei by first uncovering their personal and collective history in the form of a coherent awareness of their past. Transcending their isolation, they likewise strive to develop bonds with others through reciprocal communication.Particularly because these texts are characterized by elements of the fantastic and narratives of metamorphosis, they can also be seen as allegories of subversion against Japanese consensus society and its ideology of progress.

  7. On Ethical Anomie and Countermeasures of New Media Credibility%新媒体的伦理失范及其对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玥

    2016-01-01

    新媒体伦理失范的成因包括新媒体逐利损害公信力,从业人员专业素养欠缺,草根传播自我赋权,他律规制不健全等.为防治新媒体伦理失范,维护和提升新媒体公信力,应建立新媒体从业者自律体系,健全新媒体机构监管机制,提升受众的媒介素养.

  8. The Anomie and Rectification of Current Piano Education%当前钢琴教育的失范与矫正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔乾高

    2012-01-01

    As one of the important contents of music culture, it has more than a century's development history in China and has made brilliant achievements, which greatly benefits from Piano education. However, with the development of society, utilitarianism culture is impacting piano education. This paper analyzes the achievements and concerns of Chinese piano education in the past thirty years and expounds the great impact of utilitarianism culture on Chinese piano education so as to propose some appropriate strategies of Chinese piano education under the cul tural background of utilitarianism in terms of culture, man and education.%作为音乐文化重要内容之一的钢琴文化,在我国已有百余年的发展历程,取得了辉煌的成就,钢琴教育功不可没。但随着社会的发展,"功利主义"正在影响着我国钢琴教育。本文分析了近三十多年来我国钢琴教育所取得成绩以及存在的一些忧虑,并从"文化、人、教育"三者的关系入手,阐述了"功利主义"对我国当前钢琴教育的影响,提出了在"功利主义"背景下应对我国当前钢琴教育的策略。

  9. 大众媒介体育传播中的暴力失范现象研究%Study on Violence Anomie in Mass Media Sports Dissemination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐叶彤; 康健

    2013-01-01

    在当今这个大众媒介时代,体育暴力夹杂在体育竞赛中成为了大众媒介体育传播中一个必不可少的组成部分,甚至有时成为大众媒介体育传播活动中的刻意之举,危害着现代体育的发展,就这一失范现象普遍化的具体表现和致因提出分析,为体育文化规范与繁荣提供借鉴.

  10. L'esprit du jeu dans les sociétés postmodernes : Anomies et socialités : Bovarysme, mémoire et aventure

    OpenAIRE

    Fouillet, Aurélien

    2012-01-01

    Pas de résumé en anglais Les jeux vidéos, les comics américains, les séminaires ludiques de créativité, leszombie walks, ou encore les phénomènes d’effervescences prennent de plus en plus deplace dans les sociétés contemporaines. Ce travail de recherche s’interroge sur cettedimension ludique de l’existence qui façonne de nouvelles manières d’être-ensemble.Si ce travail s’apparente à la sociologie du jeu, il n’envisage pas le jeu comme undomaine spécifique, comme une sphère particulière de ...

  11. 行业失范时有发生背景下的传媒伦理研究%A Study on Media Ethics in the Context of Media Behavior Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓓

    2011-01-01

    @@ 无论是在西方还是在我国,新闻界的道德规范都早已存在,但其实践总是"知易行难".尤其在我国,近年来随着新闻传媒事业的飞速发展,传媒行为失范现象时有发生,这使人们愈加意识到传媒职业伦理和职业道德的重要性和必要性.

  12. Contemplated Suicide Among Voluntary and Involuntary Retirees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Peter O.; Wilson, Cedric

    1978-01-01

    This study explored anomic and egoistic dimensions of contemplated suicide among voluntary and involuntary retired males. Results indicated a direct relationship between anomie and egoism on the one hand, and contemplation of suicide on the other. (Author)

  13. The Moral Goal of Sports Anomie Behaviors——Reflection Caused by "Tian Ji Horse Racing"%浅谈体育失范行为的道德归宿——由“田忌赛马”引发的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琪

    2014-01-01

    文章从中国古代故事“田忌赛马”入手分析现代体育比赛中常见的体育失范行为.运用文献资料重建现代体育诞生的时空环境,找寻现代体育最初的道德规范,并对当今体育比赛中常见的失范行为予以抨击.通过研究,力图恢复被多方利益绑架的体育比赛道德,重塑现代体育的道德规范.

  14. The Effect of Communicative Impediments on Interpersonal Attachment and Deviance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Nick J.; Barnum, Christopher C.

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces a theory describing the relationship between factors that increase social isolation and deviance. The theory is examined in the context of virtual visitation. We integrate social exchange, anomie, and strain theories to argue that as communication is impeded between two actors, the less satisfied either will be with the…

  15. Self-Esteem and Other Motivational Variables: Some Black-White Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trachtman, Joan; Denmark, Florence

    1973-01-01

    Argues that the stereotypical negative personality profiles of disadvantaged youth and the concept of black self-esteem may be changing in a more positive direction, based on a comparative research study of black-white differences along the dimensions of acceptance of authority, dogmatism, anomy, internality-externality, and self-esteem. (EH)

  16. 鹿児島におけるケナフの害虫相とその主要種の発生消長

    OpenAIRE

    平松, 亜也; 坂巻, 祥孝; 櫛下町, 鉦敏; ヒラマツ, アヤ; サカマキ, ヨシタカ; クシゲマチ, カネトシ; HIRAMATSU, Aya; SAKAMAKI, Yositaka; KUSIGEMATI, Kanetosi

    2001-01-01

    Concerning the pests feeding on Kenaf, Hibiscus Cannabinus L., some surveies were carried out in Kagoshima City in 1999,with the confirmation of 39 species, 28 families and 8 orders, all of which recorded first in Japan. Investigations were made in the Kenaf field concerning some species of the major pests, namely Aphis gossypii Glover, Anomala albopilosa albopilosa (Hope), Spodoptera litura (Fabricius), Anomis flava (Fabricius) and Haritalodes derogata (Fabricius). The cotton aphid, Aphis go...

  17. DEMOKRACJA AKADEMICKA A TENDENCJE OLIGARCHICZNO-AUTORYTARNE W SOCJOLOGII WSPÓŁCZESNEJ

    OpenAIRE

    Kozyr-Kowalski, Stanisław

    2001-01-01

    The paper contains a critical analysis o f various kinds o f anomy and oligarchic and authoritarian tendencies that have become visible within the Polish institutions of academic democracy. Oligarchy and authoritarianism in the world o f Polish sociology have their roots both in the formal socialist past and in the mechanical transferring principles of „competitive business enterprise” (Veblen) to academic and spiritual work. Anomic competition that presupposes and causes various ...

  18. Populism and Neopopulism in Latin America: Clientelism, Trade Union Organisation and Electoral Support in Mexico and Argentina in the ‘90s

    OpenAIRE

    Ronchi, Veronica

    2007-01-01

    The state of anomie that has characterised and still characterises most Latin American countries, resulting from the fragmentation of the social fabric, has encouraged the rise of successful personalist leaderships in the ‘90s. This paper aims at investigating how neopopulism developed in Latin America, considering as main actors the two Presidents who have best embodied this ideal: Carlos Salinas de Gortari, (Mexico 1988-1994) and Carlos Menem (Argentina 1989-1999). Neopopulism is based on a...

  19. Types of rape victimization

    OpenAIRE

    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: Behavior of rape victims is an enigma associated with the following phenomena: poverty, transition, legal weaknesses, and unintegrated mental health network. The aim of the study was to investigate rape victimization in relation to anomie, stress and postwar transition-related weaknesses in B&H in the period 1996-2005; and perform a personal analysis of rape victims. Material and methods: The experimental group consisted of rape victims receiving psychiatric treatment: non-v...

  20. Etnicitet og tillid i et netværksteoretisk, urbansociologisk og strukturfunktionalistisk perspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Frandsen, Kristoffer Kirketerp; Lauritzen, Naja Katrine; Berger, Maj Julie; Møller, Mads Thøger Sig

    2012-01-01

    This project focuses on trust, ethnicity and integration. Trust is therefore the main approach to controversies related to integration, which is examined through theories of network, urban sociology and anomie. Trust is divided into four different subcategories, which reappear throughout this entire assignment. The theories of network serve the purpose of examining dense/open networks and strong/weak ties or relations and mechanisms of social capital amongst non-Western ethnic-minorities ...

  1. Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: The case of the Jewish conspiracy theory in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    VirenSwami

    2012-01-01

    Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dim...

  2. Social Psychological Origins of Conspiracy Theories: The Case of the Jewish Conspiracy Theory in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Swami, Viren

    2012-01-01

    Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single di...

  3. Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

    OpenAIRE

    Young Robert; Sweeting Helen; Ellaway Anne

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on suicide-risk is unders...

  4. Moreel conservatisme en autoritarisme theoretisch en methodisch ontward: Culturele waardeoriëntaties in de politieke sociologie

    OpenAIRE

    Koster, Willem; Waal, Jeroen

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThis article demonstrates that studies in political sociology are flawed, because they fail to distinguish between moral conservatism/progressiveness and authoritarianism/libertarianism. Such a distinction is necessary, because historically and theoretically speaking, it is the process of modernization (de-pillarization in the Dutch case) that erodes the former’s salience and, through the alienation and anomie this creates, increases the latter’s. Hypotheses derived from this theo...

  5. Given enough minds...: Bridging the ingenuity gap

    OpenAIRE

    Masum, Hassan; Tovey, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Peak oil. Climate change. Air pollution and top soil depletion. Water shortages and intractable conflicts. Disease, poverty, hunger, terrorism, natural disasters, and anomie ... the world is full of tough problems. What would a sustainable open infrastructure dedicated to finding solutions look like? For many of the toughest problems, it will have to lower financial, disciplinary, and bureaucratic boundaries to make more use of non–specialists — interested citizens who are willing to shar...

  6. Ethos without nomos: the Russian–Georgian War and the post-Soviet state of exception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Prozorov

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the 2008 Russian–Georgian conflict in the context of the post-Soviet spatial order, approached in terms of Carl Schmitt's theory of nomos and Giorgio Agamben's theory of the state of exception. The ‘five-day war’ was the first instance of the violation by Russia of the integrity of the post-Soviet spatial order established in the Belovezha treaties of December 1991. While from the beginning of the postcommunist period Russia functioned as the restraining force in the post-Soviet realm, the 2008 war has made further recourse to this function impossible, plunging the post-Soviet space into the condition of anomie, or the state of exception. This paper interprets this disruptive policy in the post-Soviet space as the continuation of the domestic political process of the ‘management of anomie,’ which has characterized the entire postcommunist period. In the conclusion, we address the implications of the transformation of the international order into the ethos of anomie for rethinking the ethical dimension of global politics.

  7. Motherhood and the "Madness of Hunger": "...Want Almal Vra vir My vir 'n Stukkie Brood" ("...Because Everyone Asks Me for a Little Piece of Bread").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Lou-Marié; Lourens, Marleen

    2016-03-01

    It is widely assumed that the social and economic conditions of poverty can be linked to common mental disorders in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Despite the considerable increase in quantitative studies investigating the link between poverty and mental health, the nature of the connection between poverty and emotional well-being/distress is still not fully comprehended. In this qualitative study, exploring how one group of Coloured South African women, diagnosed with depression and residing in a semi-rural low-income South African community, subjectively understand and experience their emotional distress, data was collected by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews and social constructionist grounded theory was used to analyse the data. We will attempt to show (1) that the depressed women in this group of respondents frequently refer to the emotional distress caused by hungry children and (2) that the emotional distress described by the respondents included emotions typically associated with depression (such as sadness, hopelessness and guilt), but also included emotions not necessarily associated with depression (such as anxiety, anger and anomie). In our attempt to understand (both psychologically and politically) the complex emotional response of mothers to their children's hunger, we argue that powerful gender and neo-liberal discourses within which mothers are interpellated to care for children, and more specifically, to make sure that children are not hungry, mean that the mothers of hungry children felt that they were not fulfilling their responsibilities and thus felt guilty and ashamed. This shame seemed, in turn, to lead to anger and/or anomie, informing acting out behaviours ranging from verbal and physical aggression to passive withdrawal. A vicious cycle of hunger, sadness and anxiety, shame, anger and anomie, aggression and withdrawal, negative judgement, and more shame, are thus maintained. As such, the unbearable rebukes of hungry

  8. 基于网民应对的公共事件舆论引导研究%Study on Public Opinion Guidance upon Public Events based on Netizens’Response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳璐

    2015-01-01

    新媒体技术的迅速普及以及社会转型的深化,对政府的舆论引导产生了巨大挑战。以默顿的社会失范理论为研究视角,依据引导目标和制度化手段两个维度,构建公共事件中网民应对政府舆论引导的五种基本模式,并进一步将其划分为规范应对与失范应对两大类。当下公共事件舆论引导中以失范为主的网民应对意味着社会结构性怨恨与政治沟通的失灵,显示出官方话语与民间话语的疏离乃至对立。理性对待网民应对的结构性缺陷,及时调整政府舆论引导的思路与策略,方能重建社会信任,实现从失范走向规范、从沟通失灵走向呼应共鸣的政治沟通前景。%The rapid spread of new media technologies and the social transformation have formed a huge challenge for public opinion guidance of the government. In view of the Merton’s anomie theory,this article constructs five basic patterns of netizens’response to public opinion guidance of the government in public events. Moreover,the patterns are divided into two categories corresponding to specified and anomie response, respectively. The anomie of netizens’ re-sponse at present means the structural social resentment and the poor political communication,and indicates the opposing relationship between government discourse and folk discourse. The social trust can be reconstructed only if the structural flaws of netizens’response are treated rationally,and the intervention strategies are adjusted for public opinion guidance. Thereby,we can achieve the goal of transforming from anomie to specification,and from communicative failure to the cheerful prospects of political communication.

  9. The moral legalization analysis in our country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解小平

    2013-01-01

    the moral legalization is a controversial topic, but the proper moral legalization has become a consensus. China Is in the period of social transition , the moral anomie problem has become the wounds of the state and society, through analyzing the problems existing in the moral legalization at the present stage,.proposed to fol ow the tradition and reality, try to find the ethics which is suitable for our country, The cycle of the legislation, law enforcement and judicial wil help the moral legalization, so as to create a more harmonious society.

  10. La política del fuego: El desplazamiento contemporáneo del paradigma geopolítico

    OpenAIRE

    Marder, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper theoretizes the transition from a global regime of geopolitics (that is to say, the politics of the earth) to a pyropolitical regime, or the politics of fire. Based in the political philosophy of Carl Schmitt, the thesis is that the certainty, stability, and order rooted in the earth are now being displaced by the anomie of fire, as the symbol and the concrete sphere of the political today.Este artículo teoriza la transición del régimen global geopolítico (es decir, la política de ...

  11. Charisma and attachment theory: a crossdisciplinary interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aberbach, D

    1995-08-01

    The attachment theory of Bowlby and his followers has not previously been applied to the interpretation of charismatic phenomena in the bonding of large numbers of people with their leaders in crisis. This essay, which builds on the author's 'Surviving trauma: loss, literature and psychoanalysis', attempts to use attachment theory and sociological concepts such as homogamy, anomie, negative imprinting and de-individuation, as well as classical Freudian concepts such as transference and splitting of the ego, in interpreting the charismatic bond. It is argued that charismatic homogamy becomes viable at the point of intersection between the inner world of the charismatic leader and social and political reality. The bonding of the individual and the public may be based partly upon a symbolic link between public crisis and the charismatic's experience of trauma that has deeply scarred or even ended the affectional bonds in his family of orientation. This trauma, however, is a source of insight and power as well as of disability, for it has schooled him in crisis and given him the capacity to offer directional leadership. The charismatic and his society are bonded in crisis through a mutual attempt to break free of anomie and alienation, and a sense of powerlessness and despair. PMID:8543437

  12. A time series analysis of international immigration and suicide mortality in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trovato, F

    1986-01-01

    A neglected topic concerning suicide as a sociological phenomenon is the relationship between international immigration and suicide mortality. This study examines the association between these variables using time series data for the period 1950 to 1982 in Canada. The central hypothesis, derived from the Durkheimian theory of social integration and suicide, is that the higher the immigration rate, the higher the rate of suicide. Two statistical controls, the unemployment rate and age composition, drawn from the "economic anomie" and "social demographic" perspectives respectively were introduced into a multiple regression model involving immigration and suicide. While some of the results in the initial stages of the analysis appear to contradict the established literature concerning the relevance of immigration and unemployment in predicting suicide, more refined breakdowns which allow for the separate investigation of male and female suicide propensities, generally support the social integration and economic anomie theories. It is concluded that the 15-34 male cohort is highly sensitive to changes in their economic prospects and in their immigration experience and therefore, have higher suicide rates than women in the same age group. PMID:3733348

  13. Investigation on Spatial Patterns of Crime against Women Case Study: Street Offences in Zanjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal Mohammadi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Presently, a major problem in Zanjan is the frequency of Social Anomies, and most specifically street offences against women. This undesirable phenomenon has most seriously jeopardized the citizen’s health and life to the extent that it has become a concern of police and judicial authorities. The purpose of this study is to analyze the judicial structure of these anomies in the city of Zanjan and to identify spatial patterns and facilitating factors for this crime to be committed, in order to fight and control the areas that are inflicted with such crimes, using statistical models and geographical data organization. This study utilizes a comparative analytical method. To identify and recognize spatial patterns of offences in the city, graphics-based and statistical models have been used in Geographic Information System (GIS environment. Mean center test and standard deviation ellipse include the most important statistical tests used in this study. To identify the crime spots, the closest neighborhood indicator has been used as the test of clustering. This study benefits from statistical tests as well as graphics-based statistical methods, including Kernel Density Estimation. The statistical population of this study includes total street offences that have occurred in the city of Zanjan within one year. The findings of this study reveal that the spatial distribution of street offences against women in the city of Zanjan follows a centralized and clustered pattern. Also, the mean center of this crime is mainly located at geographic center of the city and the central district. According to the findings of this study, Zanjan is the third city where the occurrence of street offences is most highly frequent, with a rate of 14.78%. The most significant area include Enghelab Intersection, Sadi Intersection, Zeynabiyeh St., Taleghani St., Arg Sq., Haft-e-Tir Terminal, and most specifically the central part of Zanjan. To improve the security and to

  14. Factors influencing citizen participation in community management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shamai

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this study is to assess the factors affecting citizen participation in community management in district 13 of Tehran Municipality. Measured variables are: social cohesion, profitable partnerships, social-economic agencies, trust among civilians, trust in municipality management, feelings of powerlessness and social anomie. The results of the implementation of Pearson correlation test show that all of these variables had significant relationships with community participation in neighborhood management. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that three variables of social cohesion, profitable partnerships and socio-economic status had explained 37% of changes in citizen participation in community management while the changing social cohesion maintained the highest impact.

  15. The Iconic Essence of Sovereignty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe CASCIONE

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims to investigate the relation between the dawn of the National State in the early Renaissance and the concepts of crisis/apocalypse on one side and visible power on the other. The hypothesis is that without representation there is no State at all. Furthermore we will suggest that the role of the visibility of the state is related to its capability to be the “cement of society”, that is to say to face the risk of the anomy. This study is based on the research of one of the most important Italian philosophers, Massimo Cacciari and on the work of the well-known German historian Ernst Hartvig Kantorowicz, and in particular of his masterpiece, The King’s Two Bodies.

  16. Abstracts of Selected Papers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Social Solidarity of Organization An Empirical Analysis Li Hanlin Abstract: Based on the 2002 survey data, this paper tries to measure solidarity in organization. The operationalization for this measurement goes from two points of view. One is from the degree of cohesion and another one is from the degree of vulnerability. To observe and measure the degree of cohesion three subscales like social support, vertical integration and organizational identity have been used. To observe and measure the degree of vulnerability other three subscales like dissatisfaction, relative deprivation and anomie have been used. The paper tries to explore finally under which condition the organization behavior and behavior orientation could go to the similarity or make some difference. Key words: Organization Cohesion Vulnerability Organization Behavior

  17. The solar role in transport: technical, social and policy issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects on the global environment of the latest U.S. initiatives on zero emission vehicles are discussed in this paper. It is put in the context of existing disparities of energy consumption between richer and poorer, and between richest and poorest energy consuming nations. An indirect role for solar power is then posited, and several variants are suggested, including one using unconventional design parameters for very low-powered ultra-light road vehicles, such as a hybrid system combining pedal with solar power. Other solar power applications are also suggested, such as moving platforms, solar hybrid boats, and stand-alone lighting systems for remote environmental goals of reducing urban congestion and global (rather than just urban) pollution, reducing fossil fuel dependency for impoverished nations, increasing the efficiency of human energy in transportation, reducing the power and speed of urban transport modes, and reducing the anomie of large motorized cities. (author). 2 tabs., 3 refs

  18. A Sociological Analysis of University Students Attitude\\\\\\'s toward Suicide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Aliverdinia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research is sociological study of Razi university students of Kermanshah attitude's toward suicide. The research method of this study is survey and the data was gathered by self-administered questionnaire. The sample size of this study was 380 cases of all students of Razi university of Kermanshah in 86-87 education year. Durkheim's suicide theory was used as theoretical framework. The independent variables of this study were social support, family Control, delinquency behavior, anomie and fatalism. Results of multivariable regression analysis show that six hypotheses From eight hypotheses were supported and family support variable was the strongest predictor of tendency toward suicide. Other sicnificant predictors of tendency toward suicide were delinquency behavior, family Control and fatalism.

  19. What Explains Criminal Violence in Mexico City? A Test of Two Theories of Crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Vilalta

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available There are competing theories of what drives crime in cities and neighbourhoods. Two widely cited theoretical approaches focused on social disorganization and institutional anomie propose different explanations for the causes and dynamics of criminality. Yet these theories are seldom empirically tested, much less acknowledged, outside of North America and Western Europe. This article considers their applicability in Mexico’s capital, a sprawling metropolis of more than 20 million people. The authors administer spatial and general statistical tests to explain the geographical patterns of crime rates across multiple forms of criminality. The assessment demonstrates that both theories accurately predict the spatial distribution of crime. The article concludes with a host of policy conclusions, emphasizing social crime prevention over more traditional law and order measures. and consolidating families, parents and childcare.

  20. Siðfræði og fagmennska í heimi fáránleikans: Um siðrof og útlaga í kvikmynd Sams Peckinpahs The Wild Bunch

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    Þórólfur Þórlíndsson

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Sam Peckinpah’s movie The Wild Bunch is a multilevel drama about an aging group of outlaws, trying to exist in a rapidly changing world. This paper analysis the movie from different sociological perspectives on three levels. First, it is argued that the movie provides an interesting example and an elaboration of Durkheim’s macrolevel theory of anomie. Second, at the micro level the movie describes the face to face interaction between gangmembers in terms of a symbolic interactionism in the tradition of Mead and Goffman. Third, at the individual level the gangmembers behave in many ways as existential heroes. These different levels of social science analysis come together to form a single coherent story line in Peckinpah’s complex portrayal of the Wild Bunch.

  1. Liberation psychological implications for pastoral care of Korean military wives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Bocheol

    2010-01-01

    Native Korean women frequently suffer poverty, sexual violence, and Confucian gender discrimination. Once in America Korean military wives also experience racial and sexual oppression, intercultural familial conflicts and violence, and identity crisis and lead to feelings of isolation and non-belonging, a sense of anomie. Korean American pastors tend to understate and oversimplify the complexity of psychological and spiritual suffering of Korean military wives and overemphasize individual faith development as a solution. Liberation psychology evolved from an awareness of similar dehumanizing realities. The context-based perspective of liberation psychology offers a model to interpret and assist in the psychological and spiritual healing of Korean military wives. The healing power of conscientization offered in Liberation psychology for oppressed individuals encourages self-awakening suggesting it as an ideal interventional model to help Korean military wives and would be a useful approach for Korean American pastors. PMID:21404760

  2. Ukraine: On the border between old and new in uncertain times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brienna Perelli-Harris

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This chapter provides an overview of the demographic situation in Ukraine, including explanations for the decline to very low fertility and changes in family policy. Drawing on official statistics, survey data, and focus group interviews, the analysis shows that the country's decline to lowest-low fertility is primarily due to the postponement of or the reduction in second births, as opposed to the postponement of first births. The chapter includes a discussion on the link between low fertility and changing marriage patterns, contraceptive prevalence, and abortion. The author then reviews the evidence for the leading explanations of fertility decline in Ukraine, including economic uncertainty, social anomie, the Second Demographic Transition, and unequal gender relations. In addition, the author proposes unexplored factors that may lead to fertility limitation, such as the increasing difficulty of combining work and childrearing, insufficient housing, changes in intergenerational support, and the deterioration of health lifestyles and marital relations.

  3. Primary socialization theory: comments on racism, sexism, generational neglect, abuse, and abandonment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, S A

    1999-06-01

    This article asks whether primary socialization theory adequately deals with the most distressed and disadvantaged members of society, whether for most of them the family, school, and peers are the primary sources of socialization. Children who are subjected to the effects of racism, sexism, physical and mental abuse, inferior dangerous schools, and abandonment to foster care from birth may find other sources of primary socialization which can be either negative and positive. "Nihilism" and "anomie" are used to describe such children's position in their societies, and the article asks if those without benefit of the three primary sources of socialization can find ways to create new and positive norms, or whether they are doomed to lives of hopelessness and deviance. [Translations are provided in the International Abstracts Section of this issue.] PMID:10359218

  4. Types of rape victimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Behavior of rape victims is an enigma associated with the following phenomena: poverty, transition, legal weaknesses, and unintegrated mental health network. The aim of the study was to investigate rape victimization in relation to anomie, stress and postwar transition-related weaknesses in B&H in the period 1996-2005; and perform a personal analysis of rape victims. Material and methods: The experimental group consisted of rape victims receiving psychiatric treatment: non-violent victimization (n=125. It included random female victims with mental diseases: victimization by abuse of power and unclear victimization. The control group consisted of violent victimization victims (n=125, females. This was a multicentric, longitudinal, prospective study. Intercorrelation, univariate and canonical discrimination analyses were performed. Results Rape offenders were of male gender (c2 = 29.970 statistical significance p<0.001, from broken families was (c2 = 0.830, migration (c2 = 0.064, and heredity (c2 = 0.406. Victimization was classified as non-violent, social, unclear and violent. Non-violent victimization occurred in 19.03% (2001 to 24.46% (2004. Abuse of mental patients was recorded in 16.08% (2002 and 22.61% (2000, and abuse of power in 2.12% (2000 and 3.55% (2000, whereas unclear rape occurred in 0.88% (2004 and 1.74% (2002. We have found that patients from the primary group are significantly more anxious and depressed in total score and in individual items. Conclusion: Non-violent victimization was committed by persons with impaired intelligence, acute psychotic crisis, and substance abuse. Social victimization and criminally unclear rapes were of transitional character. Victimization was caused by (postwar anomy, poverty, stress and violence. It is given insufficient significance because of high prevalence and "dark number" of victims. The study emphasizes the role of psychiatry as well as weakness of the system in the

  5. A healthy mistrust: how worldview relates to attitudes about breast cancer screening in a cross-sectional survey of low-income women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shariff-Marco Salma

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Perceived racial discrimination is one factor which may discourage ethnic minorities from using healthcare. However, existing research only partially explains why some persons do accept health promotion messages and use preventive care, while others do not. This analysis explores 1 the psychosocial characteristics of those, within disadvantaged groups, who identify their previous experiences as racially discriminatory, 2 the extent to which perceived racism is associated with broader perspectives on societal racism and powerlessness, and 3 how these views relate to disadvantaged groups' expectation of mistreatment in healthcare, feelings of mistrust, and motivation to use care. Methods Using survey data from 576 African-American women, we explored the prevalence and predictors of beliefs and experiences related to social disengagement, racial discrimination, desired and actual racial concordance with medical providers, and fear of medical research. We then used both sociodemographic characteristics, and experiences and attitudes about disadvantage, to model respondents' scores on an index of personal motivation to receive breast cancer screening, measuring screening knowledge, rejection of fatalistic explanatory models of cancer, and belief in early detection, and in collaborative models of patient-provider responsibility. Results Age was associated with lower motivation to screen, as were depressive symptoms, anomie, and fear of medical research. Motivation was low among those more comfortable with African-American providers, regardless of current provider race. However, greater awareness of societal racism positively predicted motivation, as did talking to others when experiencing discrimination. Talking was most useful for women with depressive symptoms. Conclusion Supporting the Durkheimian concepts of both anomic and altruistic suicide, both disengagement (depression, anomie, vulnerability to victimization, and

  6. 大学生网络失范行为的规范策略探析%Research on the Specification of College Students' Improper Behaviors on the Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘绿丝

    2012-01-01

    大学生网络失范行为是高校在读大学生在网络交际、网络使用过程中违反法律、法规和社会道德的有一定社会危害性的行为,主要表现为情感失范行为、道德失范行为、价值失范行为和法律失范行为四类。大学生网络失范行为的产生包括外部诱因和内部诱因两方面,其中外部诱因主要包括政府部门监管不力、社会网络媒体失责、高校思政教育滞后以及家庭监管影响降低,内部诱因主要是大学生自身成长阶段的缺陷。对大学生网络失范行为进行规范,应强化政府监管,促进网络文化健康安全发展;加强社会力量监管,形成网络监管合力;加强高校思想政治教育,充分发挥高校引导职能;同时大学生要加强网络自律,合理规划职业生涯。%College students'improper behaviors on the internet means college students violate the laws, regulations and social moral- ity, and make some act that endangers society in their network communication or network use process. It mainly express four categories, such as emotional anomie behavior, immoralitial behavior, value anomie behavior and legal anomie be- havior. Causes of students'improper behaviors include external and internal incentives. External incentives include inef- fective supervision of government departments, social network media default, ideological and political education lag, and reduction of the impact of domestic regulatory. Internal incentive is mainly the defect of students themselves accompa- nied by their growth. To specify students'improper behaviors, govemment regulation should be strengthened to promote the health and safety of the network culture development ; the supervision of the social forces should be strengthened to form a network of regulatory efforts; the ideological and political education should be strengthened to give the college guide functions full play; college students should strengthen their

  7. 大学生网络道德失范问题的成因浅析%Cause of College Students' Network Moral Degeneration Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付伟

    2015-01-01

    互联网作为信息化时代的产物,在丰富和扩展大学生学习和生活的同时,其危害和负面影响也在不断地显露出来,其表现之一就是大学生的网络道德失范问题.这不仅给大学生的健康成长造成一定影响,而且严重威胁着社会的和谐稳定.本文通过对周口师范学院大学生的实际调查,经过分析和总结,笔者认为造成当代大学生网络道德失范的主要原因有大学生自身的知、情、信、意、行等方面存在的问题和社会、学校等方面的综合作用.希望有关部门能提出相应的对策,以提高大学生的网络道德素质,达到促进"四有"新人培养的目标.%Internet as a product of the information age, the rich and at the same time expand college students study and life, the harm and negative impacts are constantly exposed, network moral anomie performance is one of its college students. This not only causes a certain impact on the healthy growth of college students, but also a serious threat to social harmony and sta-bility. Based on Zhoukou Normal College Students in the actual investigation, through analysis and summary, I believe that the main cause of students' network moral anomie of contemporary existence of aspects of the students themselves know, love, faith, meaning, line problems and the community, schools, etc. the combined effects of respect. The author hopes the relevant departments to propose appropriate measures to improve network moral quality of university students, to promote the"four"new talents training target.

  8. 论高校教师管理的伦理基础与伦理规约%On the Ethical Foundations and Ethical Stipulations of Faculty Management in Higher Education Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄景文; 胡彰

    2014-01-01

    Ethical foundations of faculty management in higher education institutions is ethical value o‐rientation ,structure models and rules paradigm by w hich the higher education institutions manage their teachers .Ethical stipulations of faculty management is management concepts and management techniques ,organizational structure and a series of statute model and implementing rules with educa‐tion related parties .To clarify the ethical foundations and ethical stipulations of faculty management of higher education institutions is of great significance in implementing the scientific ,rational and ef‐fective human resources management .Combined with the current university teachers'ethical anomie and logical reasoning ,the paper aims to study the problem of ethical foundations and ethical stipula‐tions of faculty management in higher education institutions .The ethical foundations of teachers of higher education institutions include teachers'responsibility ,diathesis ,virtues ,personality and other foundations .The ethical stipulations of faculty management of higher education institutions should follow as cognitive ethics ,responsibility ethics ,institutional ethics ,and conviction ethics .Based on the above analysis ,it heuristically gives comments and suggestions on standardizing the teacher ethics anomie .Thereby forming an effective ethical stipulation mechanism for faculty management of HEIs .%高等学校教师管理的伦理基础是高校教师管理应该坚持的伦理价值取向。高校教师管理伦理规约是高校教师管理应该遵循的管理理念与规则范式。针对当下少数高校教师伦理失范的现象,从逻辑思辨的角度探讨高校教师管理中的伦理基础与伦理规约问题,是为了拓展高校教师管理思路,科学、合理而有效地推进高校教师人力资源管理。高校教师管理的伦理基础主要包括教师责任、素质、德性、人格等维度。高校教师管理伦理规约应

  9. Sport, and use of anabolic androgenic steroids among Icelandic high school students: a critical test of three perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halldorsson Vidar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study investigates the use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS among a national representative sample of high school students in Iceland. We test several hypotheses drawn from three perspectives. The first perspective focuses on the use of AAS as an individual phenomenon motivated by the desire to succeed in sport. The second perspective views the use of AAS as shaped by norms and values embedded in social relationships of formally organized sport. The third perspective suggests that factors outside sport, which have been shown to correlate with the use of other substances, predict the use of AAS. Method We use logistic regression and predicted probabilities to analyze data from a national representative survey of 11031 Icelandic high school students. Results Our results indicated that the use of AAS is not significantly related to participation in formally organized sports. However, it positively relates to fitness and physical training in informal contexts. We found a relatively strong relationship between the use of AAS and the use of illicit substances and a moderate relationship between AAS use and alcohol and tobacco consumption. We also found a significant negative relationship between AAS use and school integration and school achievement, and a significant positive relationship between AAS use and school anomie. The relation between AAS use and family-related variables was weaker. Finally, we found that the relationship between sport participation, physical exercise, and AAS use varies across levels of anomie and integration. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the use of AAS and especially illegal substances should be considered more as a social and a health problem rather than a sport specific issue. We found that high school students participating in fitness and informal training outside of formally organized sport clubs are the main risk group and should be the target of prevention efforts. However, this

  10. Functionalist perspective on deviance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebahattin Ziyanak

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on and summarizes the functionalist perspective of deviance, the function of crimes, and  how these perspectives have influenced the development of Durkheim’s work, anomie, for example. In this regard, our aim is to carefully describe the contributions of important functionalist thinkers such as Emile Durkheim and Robert K. Merton, by providing a brief historical discussion that highlights their contributions to deviance and crime research. Further, we are also primarily interested in how the functionalist tradition has influenced contemporary works. In this regard, this paper focuses on the most relevant theories that are related to sources of strain including Robert Merton’s “structural strain theory,” Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld’s “institutional anomie” and Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin’s “differential opportunity theory. This paper presents these contemporary thinker’s views and in addition to that it presents a detailed discussion of their major studies published since 2000.

  11. From Council Housing to Social Housing. The successes and misfortunes of Social Housing policies in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Terranova

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The issues dealt with are three: the need for medium – and large – scale territorial planning; the quality of housing; the solutions to guarantee secure flows of financing to launch programmes of public residential housing (ERP. A premise of any ERP programme is the planning and construction of a fast rail network to guarantee mass mobility. Once this premise has been satisfied, it is possible to identify agricultural areas to be expropriated for ERP interventions. This programme is characterised by operating above the municipal level, and it requires a structure that has the administrative powers of an agency. As regards the quality of housing, the following equation has to be dispensed with: public residential housing = ugly building characterised by alienation and anomy. Planners from this century have been called on to rise the challenge. To be certain of obtaining finance for ERP programmes, the old road of contributions at source from workers should be pursued as well as the establishment of a single fund that gathers together all the financing foreseen by laws made over the years and not spent, set aside for ERP.

  12. Risk perception of the Belgian population. Results of the public opinion survey in 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SCK-CEN 2009 risk perception barometer is based on over 1000 Computer Assisted Personal Interviews, taken from persons selected to be representative for the Belgian 18+ population, and all realized in the period July and August 2009. An additional sample , N = 100 is taken from the for the population living in the communities of Lambusart and Wanfercee-Baulet in the municipality of Fleurus. Besides the classical background variables used to obtain the quota for representatively (age, language, habitat, gender and social class), we also included a series of questions assessing the communication and sociological context. The main topics in the survey were I) risk perception and confidence in authorities; II) Attitude towards science and technology and attitudes toward nuclear energy; III) stake holders engagement; IV)acceptance of legal norms for food products; v) media use; vi) evaluation of nuclear actors; VII) psychometric risk characteristics; VII) safety behaviour and anomy; ix) knowledge about nuclear domain; x) risk communication; xi) consumer's attitude towards food with radioactive contamination. Some of the questions asked in 2009 are similar to those enquired in the SCK barometer of 2006 and 2002, in order to study the time evolution of the risk perception associated with various issues.

  13. Theorizing School Bullying: Insights from Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoko Yoneyama

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies a lacuna in the existing paradigms of bullying: a gap caused by the frame of reference being largely limited to the highly industrialized societies of the 'west': Europe, North America and Oceania. The paper attempts to address this gap by presenting research developed in Japan. In Japan, sociological discourse on school bullying, i.e. the analysis of institutional factors relevant to understanding bullying was established relatively early, as was the epistemology now referred to as the second paradigm of bullying. The paper attempts to integrate the research strengths of Japan with this new trend in bullying research, with the view of incorporating 'non-western' research traditions into mainstream discourse on bullying. It introduces a typology of school bullying: Types I and II, and discusses 1 hierarchical relationships in schools, focusing on corporal punishment and teacher-student bullying, and 2 group dynamics surrounding bullying. The paper illustrates how bullying among students is entwined with various aspects of schools as social institutions. It argues that school bullying may represent a state of anomie in both formal and informal power structures in schools, which have become dysfunctional communities unable to deal with bullying, while at the same time it can be students' way of compensating their sense of alienation and disconnectedness from school.

  14. Represión estatal y paraestatal en Latinoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter WALDMANN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo, el autor analiza el problema de la violencia política desde la perspectiva de la violencia estatal y paraestatal. Pone de manifiesto las contradicciones existentes entre la función teórica del Estado de garantizar el orden público y la seguridad de los ciudadanos y su reciente actuación en numerosos países latinoamericanos, que lo han convertido en fuente de anomia política y social. Analiza en especial los casos de Brasil y Argentina.ABSTRACT: In this article, the author deals with the problem of political violence, from the point of view of state and para-state violence. He highligths the contradictions between theoretical function of State (the guarantee of public orden and the security of citizen and recent performances in several Latinamerican countries, that has transformed the state into the source of political and social anomy. He focus specially upon the cases of Brasil and Argentina.

  15. Research on Social Issues and Related Planning Theory of Major Resettlement Project: A Case Study on Three Gorges Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Secondary disasters and crises such as disordered development and environmental pollution occurring amid the human resettlement process have been a heated academic focus in the field of urban and rural planning. However, the social issues involved in this process have not been given enough attention. This paper studies secondary man-caused disasters with respect to the natural environment and the social and cultural systems, which are linked together by the rapid urbanization process, in order to provide references for future theoretical and practical urban and rural planning studies. The study reveals that during resettlement, typical social issues such as societal anomie, social stratification, and individual poverty have occurred in the Three Gorges Area. The primary cause is that stimulated by rapid urbanization, human settlement development and social evolution have formed a double helix model composed of time and space that is similar to a DNA model, and any mismatched occurrences on either side will likely lead to a social structural problem. As an academic response to the significant urbanization process that is taking place in China, this study reflects the political and economic trends in global environmental change research, as well as the technology trends in humanity studies.

  16. The rational thinking of morality construction in our country%我国公德建设的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰

    2014-01-01

    公德为全体社会成员所遵循的道德准则和与个人德行相对的公共生活准则。当前,我国的个体公德意识淡漠、道德行为失范以及公德规约缺失。加快公德建设必须明确社会责任、增强社会成员的公德意识、加强道德教育、提升公民的自身素质、健全法律制度,建立道德的公共生活。%Morality is the social members to fol ow the code of ethics, and personal virtue relative standards of public life. At present, our country's individual morality consciousness is indifference, moral behavior anomie, and lack of ethics code. Accelerate the construction of morality must be clear social responsibility, strengthen social morality consciousness of the social members, strengthen moral education, improve the quality of the citizens, improve the legal system, establish the moral public life.

  17. A Study of Social Factors Impacting Tendency towards Vandalism among Yasouj\\\\\\'s High-School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar Mirfardi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Vandalism is a tangible, harmful and inevitable phenomenon, which exists as an emblem of social life in modern society. Sociologically, vandalism is defined as a kind of mentality aimed at destruction of public assets and accessories. This research considers social factors which may impact tendency to vandalism among Yasouj's high-school students. In this study, a combination of sociological perspectives about deviation (such as Good's theory about family structure and anomie theory, socialization approach, social control theory and the sub-cultural theory, and theories of social psychology about deviation (such as Sutherland ’s theory about social learning and differential companion, are applied together with theories of Vandalism ( Hauber, Mozr and Clark to examine the relationships between variables.   It is a survey study, based on questionnaire. Statistical society is all high-school students in Yasouj. Using Cochran formula, sample size was estimated 400 cases. Random cluster sampling was used. Pearson’s tests show that the tendency towards Vandalism has significant relationships with socio-economic status, age, family size, and socialization, but does not have a significant relationship with gender. Multiple regression analysis shows that independent variables explain, overall, about 25 % of the variance of dependent variable.

  18. Risk perception of the Belgian population. Results of the public opinion survey in 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perko, T.; Turcanu, C.; Schroeder, J.; Carle, B.

    2010-02-15

    The SCK-CEN 2009 risk perception barometer is based on over 1000 Computer Assisted Personal Interviews, taken from persons selected to be representative for the Belgian 18+ population, and all realized in the period July and August 2009. An additional sample , N = 100 is taken from the for the population living in the communities of Lambusart and Wanfercee-Baulet in the municipality of Fleurus. Besides the classical background variables used to obtain the quota for representatively (age, language, habitat, gender and social class), we also included a series of questions assessing the communication and sociological context. The main topics in the survey were I) risk perception and confidence in authorities; II) Attitude towards science and technology and attitudes toward nuclear energy; III) stake holders engagement; IV)acceptance of legal norms for food products; v) media use; vi) evaluation of nuclear actors; VII) psychometric risk characteristics; VII) safety behaviour and anomy; ix) knowledge about nuclear domain; x) risk communication; xi) consumer's attitude towards food with radioactive contamination. Some of the questions asked in 2009 are similar to those enquired in the SCK barometer of 2006 and 2002, in order to study the time evolution of the risk perception associated with various issues.

  19. Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: The case of the Jewish conspiracy theory in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viren eSwami

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes.

  20. Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: the case of the jewish conspiracy theory in malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swami, Viren

    2012-01-01

    Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at the Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes. PMID:22888323

  1. Contact: Releasing the news

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinotti, Roberto

    The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

  2. La política del fuego: El desplazamiento contemporáneo del paradigma geopolítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marder, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper theoretizes the transition from a global regime of geopolitics (that is to say, the politics of the earth to a pyropolitical regime, or the politics of fire. Based in the political philosophy of Carl Schmitt, the thesis is that the certainty, stability, and order rooted in the earth are now being displaced by the anomie of fire, as the symbol and the concrete sphere of the political today.Este artículo teoriza la transición del régimen global geopolítico (es decir, la política de la tierra a régimen piropolítico, o la política del fuego. En base a filosofía política de Carl Schmitt, la tesis es que la certidumbre, estabilidad y orden arraigados en la tierra están desplazados por la anomia del fuego, como un símbolo y dominio concreto de lo político hoy.

  3. On the innovation of college counselors based on the college students' Internet behavior problem%基于大学生网络行为问题的高校辅导员工作创新路径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵允玉; 黄洁

    2012-01-01

      The main problems in network behavior of college students include:excessive entertainment, Internet addiction;habit of human-computer dialogue, apathy;poor self-control, behavior anomie;excessive dependence on network, communication barriers. College counselors must build the network of ideological and political, guide students' leisure life, enhance the personal information quality, build the network education platform, cultivate students' network information team, strengthen the students' moral education of network and network supervision.%  大学生网络行为存在的主要问题包括:过度休闲娱乐,网络成瘾;习惯人机对话,情感淡漠;自制能力较差,行为失范;过度依赖网络,交往障碍。高校辅导员必须建立网络思想政治工作理念,引导学生闲暇生活,提升个人信息素质,构建网络教育平台,培养学生网络信息队伍,加强对学生的网络道德教育和网络监管。

  4. Feijão com arroz e arroz com feijão: o Brasil no prato dos brasileiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Barbosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo oferecer um panorama dos hábitos alimentares brasileiros no universo doméstico a partir do ponto de vista da população. Ele encontra-se baseado em uma pesquisa empírica, que utilizou métodos qualitativos e quantitativos, a partir de uma amostra domiciliar probabilística. Os resultados apresentados aqui se concentram no sistema de refeições e são discutidos à luz de algumas das teses sobre as tendências da alimentação contemporânea. Entre estas se destacam a da individualização das refeições, a da gastro-anomia e da homogeneização do gosto alimentar.The objective of this article is to offer an overall view of eating habits in Brazilian homes from the point of view of the population. Empirical research made use of qualitative and quantitative methods based on a probabilistic home sample. The results presented here concentrate on the system of meals and are discussed in the light of various theses concerning the trends of contemporary alimentation. These trends include individualized meals, gastro-anomie and homogenized taste.

  5. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  6. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  7. 'Islands' and 'doctor's tool': the ethical significance of isolation and subordination in UK community pharmacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, R J; Bissell, P; Wingfield, J

    2009-05-01

    Empirical ethics research is increasingly valued in offering insights into how ethical problems and decision-making occur in healthcare. In this article, the findings of a qualitative study of the ethical problems and decision-making of UK community pharmacists are presented, and it is argued that the identified themes of pharmacists' relative isolation from others and their subordination to doctors are ethically significant. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 community pharmacists in England, UK. Analysis of interviews revealed that isolation involved separation of pharmacists from their peers, other healthcare professionals, patients and customers. Such isolation is argued to be inimical to ethical practice - impeding ethical discourse as understood by Habermas, resulting in a form of anomie that inhibits the transmission of professional values, leading to a lack of proximity between pharmacist and patient or customer that may impede ethical relationships and resulting, psychologically, in less ethical concern for those who are less close. Pharmacists' subordination to doctors not only precipitated some ethical problems but also allowed some pharmacists to shift ethical responsibility to a prescribing doctor, as in the case of emergency hormonal contraception. The emergence of atrocity stories further supports a culture of subordination that may cause ethical problems. The study has implications for community pharmacy practice in terms of supervision issues, developments such as prescribing responsibilities and how ethical values can be taught and communicated. The potential for isolation and subordination in other healthcare professions, and resultant ethical problems, may also need to be addressed and researched. PMID:19366838

  8. Antropología teológica y teología inductiva en Peter L. Berger: La teologización de la conciencia moderna Theological anthropology and theology inductive in Peter L. Berger: The theologizing of modern consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Martín Huete

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Si algo permanece invariablemente constante en la vida diaria de las personas es, afirma Berger, el temor a las situaciones marginales y a la anomia. Ni el proceso de secularización con sus universos simbólicos (filosofía diurna y teodiceas seculares, ni el resurgimiento religioso y global (desecularización público-política han podido dar una explicación plausible y convincente de estos fenómenos que tanto afectan a la conciencia y a las identidades subjetivas de los individuos. En este sentido, y tras el fracaso de las anteriores cosmovisiones en su intento de dotar de sentido a la realidad y la vida ordinaria de las personas, Berger recurre a una nueva instauración del «nomos religioso».If something always remains constant in the daily lives of the people, says Berger, the fear of marginal situations and anomie. Neither the process of secularization with its symbolic universe (philosophy teodiceas day and secular and the religious revival nor global (desecularization public policy could give a plausible and convincing explication of these phenomena that affect the subjective consciousness and identity of individuals. In this regard, and after the failure of previous worldviews in their attempt to give meaning to reality and the ordinary life of people, Berger uses a new establishment of "nomos religioso».

  9. Naming oneself criminal: gender difference in offenders' identity negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Brenda; Fischer, Michael

    2005-04-01

    This qualitative research examines gender differences in offenders'ability to negotiate a positive identity once the pejorative labels of criminal, prostitute, drug dealer, and incompetent parents have been imputed onto them. In-depth semi-structured focused interviews were conducted with a purposeful information-rich sample of eight male and eight female offenders. Content analysis reveals that males were much more adept than female offenders at juggling with conventional and street norms to justify and/or resist stigmatizing labels in order to construct a favorable identity. Appeal to such personal strengths as know-how, competence, loyalty, and a code of honor allowed male offenders to challenge the boundaries between conventional and delinquent worlds. Concomitantly such an appeal gave rise to a sense of efficacy perception and an optimistic explanatory style. In contrast, even though female offenders were able to justify the labels of drug dealer, prostitute, and thief by appeal to higher loyalties and reject that of insane, all their justifications collapsed when having to negotiate the identity of incompetent mother. Female offenders' negative internal attributions and deprivation of the normative center-motherhood resulted in apathy, anomie, and lack of confidence in their ability to do something worthwhile. Rehabilitation guidelines would build female offenders' personal strengths while redirecting those exhibited by male offenders into lawful enterprises. PMID:15746270

  10. Sociologia do desvio e interacionismo Sociology of deviance and interactionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Pereira Lima

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é essencialmente teórico e tem como objetivo apresentar uma análise histórica não exaustiva da sociologia do desvio, privilegiando as teorias interacionistas. Inicialmente, após um breve relato sobre a aparição da sociologia do desvio em Chicago, serão comentadas três tendências que buscam analisar as causas do desvio: o funcionalismo, a anomia e o culturalismo. Em seguida, o interacionismo surge como uma proposta de rompimento com o enfoque causal. A especificidade da teoria interacionista, particularmente a "Labelling Theory" de H. Becker, encontra-se na ação coletiva e na ênfase no processo social através do qual um indivíduo ou grupo é considerado desviante pelos demais. Para finalizar, serão mencionadas algumas tendências mais recentes, por exemplo, a fenomenologia e a etnometodologia, acrescidas de algumas críticas dirigidas ao conjunto dessas teorias, especialmente por Pierre Bourdieu.This is essentially a theoretical article and it aims to present a non-exhaustive analysis of the sociology of deviance, emphasizing interactionist theories. A brief account of the emergence of the sociology of deviance in Chicago is followed by a discussion on three tendencies that are involved in analyzing the causes of deviance: functionalism, anomie and culturalism. Next, interactionism arises as a means to break up with the causal approach. The specificity of the interactionist theory, especially H. Becker's Labelling Theory, can be seen in collective action and in the emphasis on the social process through which an individual or a group is considered deviant by the others. Finally, a few of the more recent tendencies are mentioned, such as phenomenology and ethnomethodology, and the criticism directed at these theories, mainly by Pierre Bourdieu, are discussed.

  11. Talk about Our Country Journalists Professional Ethics Construction under the New Media Era%论新媒体时代我国新闻工作者职业道德建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    都业虹

    2014-01-01

    The new media era with its distinctive characteristics, have a strong impact on journalistic ethics, and some journalists showed indifference purpose, profit -driven enhancements, authenticity decline, guiding fatigue and other professional ethics anomie phenomenon. Journalists need to strengthen professional ethics, Confirm the purpose of serving the people, improve the ideological level, bearing in mind the overall situation, grasp the trend, focusing on events, strengthen the study for Marxist journalistic? view, pursuit the truth of reported, stick to the moral bottom line of journalism, bear the historical responsibility conferred by the era, to promote the integration development of traditional media and new media, contribute power to building a moderately prosperous society.%新媒体时代以其鲜明的特征,对新闻道德产生强烈冲击,有的新闻工作者表现出宗旨淡漠,逐利增强,真实性下降,引导性乏力等职业道德失范现象。新闻工作者需要加强职业道德建设,明确为人民服务的宗旨,提升思想境界,胸怀大局、把握大势、着眼大事,加强马克思主义新闻观的学习,追求报道的真实性,坚守新闻工作的道德底线,承担起时代所赋予的历史责任,为推动传统媒体和新兴媒体融合发展发力,为全面建设小康社会贡献力量。

  12. 经济转型期地方院校教师职业道德困境与突破%The Confusion and Breakthrough of the Teachers′Professional Ethics in Local Colleges and Universities during the Transformation Period of Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国; 沙世蕤

    2014-01-01

    伴随着经济转型期市场经济观念和价值原则日益深入人心,地方院校教师面临职业道德规范与市场经济利益的冲突与困惑,部分教师道德失范问题严重,不能有效履行岗位职责。为此,有必要正确认识和对待教师职业道德和经济利益回报之间的关系,在尊重教师谋求自身经济利益最大化的合法权益的同时,恪守职业道德操守,有效履行职责。%With the concept of the market-oriented economy and the principle of value becoming the thorough popular ideas during the transformation period of the economy, the teachers in local colleges universities are confused about the ethics conflict with the interests of the market-oriented economy, Some teachers can′t effectively implement their career responsibility for their moral anomie So, it is necessary to accurately understand and deal with the relationship between the economic interests and the teachers' professional ethics. The teachers should abide by their moral ethics and fulfill their responsibilities effectively on the base of the guarantee of the legitimate rights of their striving for economic benefits maximization.

  13. Anomic Crime in Post-Welfarist Societies: Cult of the Individual, Integration Patterns and Delinquency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Frerichs

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Post-Fordist economies come along with post-welfarist societies marked by intensified cultural individualism and increased structural inequalities. These conditions are commonly held to be conducive to relative deprivation and, thereby, anomic crime. At the same time, post-welfarist societies develop a new “balance of power” between institutions providing for welfare regulation, such as the family, the state and the (labour market—and also the penal system. These institutions are generally expected to improve social integration, ensure conformity and thus reduce anomic crime. Combining both perspectives, we analyse the effects of moral individualism, social inequality, and different integration strategies on crime rates in contemporary societies through the lenses of anomie theory. To test our hypotheses, we draw on time-series cross-section data compiled from different data sources (OECD, UN, WHO, WDI for twenty developed countries in the period 1970–2004, and run multiple regressions that control for country-specific effects. Although we find some evidence that the mismatch between cultural ideal (individual inclusion and structural reality (stratified exclusion increases the anomic pressure, whereas conservative (family-based, social-democratic (state-based and liberal (market-based integration strategies to a certain extent prove effective in controlling the incidence of crime, the results are not very robust. Moreover, reservations have to be made regarding the effects of “market” income inequality as well as familialist, unionist and liberalist employment policies that are shown to have reversed effects in our sample: the former reducing, the latter occasionally increasing anomic crime.

  14. El conflicto interno colombiano. Identidad, solidaridad y conflicto social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parales, Carlos J.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The article draws links between the concepts of identity, solidarity and social conflict. It argues that, since feelings of identification favor social cohesion, when the construction of national identity does not achieve positive expression it fails to produce solidarity. In Colombia the ambivalent and forced character of the Independence movement resulted, among other things, in an imperfect construction of national identity and led to turbulent history of violence and segregation. The consequence has been difficult social bonds, hostile forms of social contact, and the development of what has been described as one of the most impressive contemporary examples of anomie. Based on Durkheim's sociology, the article suggests that the conflict in Colombia is basically a moral problem and must be treated as such, as this is the only way to see in this conflict an opportunity for social change.

    Este artículo esboza posibles relaciones entre los conceptos de identidad nacional, solidaridad y conflicto social, apoyándose en la sociología de Durkheim. Se argumenta que, dado que la identificación favorece la cohesión social, cuando la conformación de identidad nacional no logra expresiones constructivas no consigue producir solidaridad. En Colombia el carácter forzado y ambivalente del movimiento independentista resultó, entre otras consecuencias, en una construcción problemática de la identidad nacional y ha provocado una historia turbulenta de violencia y segregación. Las consecuencias se manifiestan en la alteración de los vínculos sociales y el desarrollo de lo que se ha calificado como uno de los ejemplos contemporáneos más dramáticos de anomia. El artículo sugiere que el conflicto colombiano es básicamente un problema moral.

  15. On the Construction of Responsibility Ethics in Administrative Subject%论行政主体的责任伦理建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董翔薇; 贾鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    "Administrative subject" refers to the government and its administrative staffs;"responsibility ethics",which is not only a sort of responsibility form,but also a sort of ethical area,will change external legal system into personal morals.It is about the whole process ethics of behavioral decision,implementation and consequences.In the field of modern public administration,ethical and moral anomie is frequently occurred,to train the administrative subject's responsibility ethics is imminent.This paper searches the ways of establishing the administrative subject's responsibility ethics in order to better fulfill its responsibilities and obligations.%"行政主体"是指各级政府及其行政人员;"责任伦理"既是一种责任形态,又是一种伦理范畴,是通过将外在的法律、制度内化为行政人员的道德修养,是关于行为的决策、执行、后果的全过程伦理。在现代公共行政领域,伦理道德失范现象频发,培育行政主体的责任伦理意识迫在眉睫,文章探求了建设行政主体责任伦理的途径,以使行政主体更好地履行其职责和义务。

  16. 转移支付之障:义务教育财政供给困境的破与立%The Barrier of Financial Transfer Payment---On the Dilemma and Suggestions of Compulsory Educations’ Finance Supply

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳源; 余利川

    2015-01-01

    The barrier of financial transfer payment assumes much transfer levels,fuzzy relations of transfer and pay-ment, anomie of the financial construction process and the weak specification of transfer allowance form. The barrier rises mainly from the complex relationships of rights to transfer and pay,responsibilities and benifits inside the gov-ernent,the departure from fair and just service concept and the loss of normative financial transfer payment system. To get rid of the barrier of finance transfer,we should make clear responsibility of government of all levels in transfer payments,reshaps the education finance goals, establish financial monitoring mechanism and improve the fund structure . Thus,we can provide adequate and reasonable financial security for the integrated development of compul-sory education.%义务教育财政供给障碍,表现为转移级次过多,转支关系模糊;财政建设进程失范;转移补助形式规范性不强。原因主要在于政府间转支权、责、利关系交错不清,公正公平的服务理念偏离,规范化财政转支体制缺失。破除义务教育财政转移之障,应明晰各级政府转移支付之责,重塑基础教育支付目标,建立财力状况监察机制,完善支付资金结构,进而为城乡义务教育一体化发展提供充足且合理的财政保障。

  17. 农产品质量安全网络舆情的公众参与行为研究%Study on the behavior of participating in online public opinion about agricultural product quality safety events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张美云; 刘洋

    2016-01-01

    The direction of online public opinion is determined by the public which maked the opinion.In the current online public opinion about agricultural product quality safety events,the public behaviors can be divided into four types including rational partici-pation behavior,online conformity behavior,online anomie behavior and violation of law.From the perspective of public participa-tion,the main feature of these online public behaviors is the coexist of inadequate and non-standardized participation.Nowadays,in the management of online public opinion government needs to guide the online public opinion about agricultural products quality safe-ty,guide and handle the public behaviors according to different types,and build the perfect public participation mechanism for ad-ministration of agricultural product quality safety.%公众作为网络舆论的承担者,决定着网络舆情的发展方向。当前农产品质量安全网络舆情中的公众行为可分为理性参与行为、网络从众行为、网络失范行为、违规违法行为等4种类型。从公众参与的视角看,这些行为的主要特点是参与不充分和参与不规范并存。在政府的舆情管理中,应主动引导农产品质量安全网络舆情,对公众行为分类引导及区别施策,建立健全农产品质量安全治理的公众参与机制。

  18. Religious Racism. Islamophobia and Antisemitism in Italian Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Alietti

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Racism and racial prejudice, considered a relic of obsolete and outdated social systems, is emerging in the depths of ultra-modern Western societies with different characteristics from the past but with a surprising and worrying virulence. These waves of prejudice and racism testify to the many fears that fill the horizons of advanced societies, undermining not only their internal reliability, but also just their democratic settings. This paper presents a critical review of Islamophobia as a racial prejudice, showing that two main definitions are at work: Islamophobia as xeno-racism or linked to the so-called clash of civilizations. Then, it presents the outcomes coming from a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI survey led among a representative sample of the Italian population (n = 1,523 on Antisemitic and Islamophobic attitudes. The cogency and structure of anti-Muslim public discourse and connected mass attitudes, revealed by our investigation, confirm the emergency of these two relevant dimensions of Islamophobia, which claim for a more accurate definition of Islamophobia. Moreover, the distribution of anti-Semitic and Islamophobic attitudes illustrate an interesting overlapping of Islamophobia and Antisemitism which claims that racism is multi-targeted and that there is not so much options between Antisemitism and Islamophobia. Finally, we use three main variables—anomie, ethnocentrism, and authoritarianism—as predictors of Islamophobia and Antisemitism. We tested the strength of these three predictors with the aid of path technique based on multiple regression analysis, which helps to determine the direct and indirect impacts of certain independent variables on dependent variables in a hypothetical causal system.

  19. 学术期刊在学风建设中的把关作用探析%On the Monitoring Function of Academic Periodicals in the Construction of Study Atmosphere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禤展图

    2015-01-01

    本文所论及的学风主要是指学术界的学术研究风气。目前,学术道德失范,价值观念趋向功利化,学风浮躁,低水平重复现象严重。可从以下途径来发挥学术期刊在学风建设中的把关作用:切实发挥学术期刊的学术评价功能;引导学风健康发展;规范稿件处理程序,杜绝学术不端行为;提高编辑、审稿人的学术评判能力,识破变相抄袭;学术期刊编辑部定期或不定期举办学风建设培训班;编辑要以良好的学术道德规范和学术规范影响作者。%The study atmosphere in this paper means the academic research atmosphere. At present, the aca-demic moral is in a state of anomie;values tend to utilitarianism;study atmosphere is of impetuous passion;and low-level publications are redundant. Academic periodicals should give full play to the academic monitoring function with such measures as playing the assessment function, guiding the healthy development of study atmo-sphere, formalizing editorial process of contributed papers, eliminating academic misconduct, improving editor and reviewer's ability of academic judgment and plagiarism detection, holding related training classes of study at-mosphere construction, and emphasizing the model function of editor’s good academic morality and academic norm.

  20. 研究生学术道德行为失范表现及其对策%Postgraduates' Academic Moral Anomaly in Colleges and Universities: Conducts and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立军; 于巍

    2012-01-01

    高等学校部分研究生学术道德失范行为已成为研究生教育不容忽视的问题。研究生学术道德缺失集中体现在学术杜撰或造假行为、学术抄袭或篡改行为和雇佣或充当“枪手”行为三个方面。究其原因主要源自研究生的主观动机和外界客观因素的影响,应当发挥课堂教育对研究生学术道德知识的普及作用,倡导研究生导师的学术道德典范作用,完善研究生学术道德失范行为的监管机制,从而有效地解决研究生学术道德缺失的问题。%Postgraduates" academic moral anomaly has become a major problem that can not be ignored in the postgraduate training work in colleges and universities. The postgraduates" academic moral anomaly can be seen mainly from the three kinds of their immoral conducts: academic fiction, academic plagiarism, and hiring other people or being hired to take examinations illegally. Such academic immoral conducts are mainly caused by the postgraduates" subjective motives and external factors. Therefore,in order to eradicate the academic immoral conducts prevailing among postgraduates, it is suggested that the classroom education should play a more positive role in popularizing the knowledge of academic morality among postgraduates; it be advocated that tutors set a good example for their postgraduates in observing academic morality; and the supervision and control mechanism be completed to further halt postgraduates from academic moral anomie effectively

  1. Analysis on Deep Motivation of Construction of Social Sports Instructors in China%我国社会体育指导员队伍建设的深层动因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑清

    2014-01-01

    综合分析了社会体育指导员队伍建设出现的各种问题,从队伍文化建设缺失,难以形成群体效应、队伍结构失衡,难以满足社会需求、队伍管理运行机制不畅通,队伍稳定性差、成员法律意识淡薄,行为失范现象增多几个角度,探究社会体育指导员队伍规范化发展的深层动因,为进一步提升社会体育指导员队伍的凝聚力,扩大影响力,形成具有品牌优势的社会体育指导员队伍提供参考意见和理论支持。%It has an analysis on the various problems of social sports instructor team construction.For the missing of team culture construction, it is difficult to form the group effect.The team structure is out of balance, for the needs in the society, team man-agement and operation mechanism are not clear so the team is lack of stability.The members'legal consciousness is weak.The phenomenon of behavior anomie increase .From above the points of view,it is to explore the social sports instructors for deep moti-vation of development.In order to further enhance the cohesion of the social sports instructors and expand their influence, refer-ence and support theory have been provided.

  2. 传统文化与会计教育%Traditional Culture and Accounting Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑾瑜; 苟绍华

    2011-01-01

    近年来,会计职业被经济领域一系列失范问题所困扰,如何培养自律的高品质会计专业人才成为一个需要认真思考的问题。本文将中国传统文化与会计教育相结合,深入分析了儒家中和思想对会计教育的影响以及儒家的义利观与会计职业道德教育的相互关系。本文还针对传统文化对会计教育的效果进行了问卷调研,结果表明,将传统文化融入会计专业教学有助于会计专业学生深刻理解会计专业知识,更有助于培养自律的会计职业道德。%In recent years, a series of economic accounting profession is faced with the problem of anomie,how to develop self-discipline,high-quality accounting professionals is needed to seriously think about. This traditional Chinese culture and the combination of accounting education,and in-depth analysis of the Confucian idea of the impact of accounting education and the Confucian concept of justice and benefit the accounting profession and the relationship between moral education.This article also accounts for the traditional culture of the effect of education conducted a questionnaire survey,whose results show that the traditional culture merging into the accounting profession teaching can help students a deep understanding of the accou- nting profession of accounting expertise,and help develop self- discipline of accounting ethics.

  3. Analysis of Causes and Avoidance Mechanism of Network Public Opinion ’ Formation%网络舆论形成的原因与规避机制探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王树亮; 刘姌

    2014-01-01

    网络舆论虽是社会舆论的一部分,但在形成原因与破解之道等方面却有其自身的独特性。社会失范事件的刺激、表达机制的缺失、网络的工具性优势、网络传媒的利益诉求及价值共识的内在支撑等是其形成的主要原因。因此,应立足于政府、法治、网络媒体与网民的四重视角,建构以政府疏导为主体、以法治建设为保障、以网络媒体为关键、以网民素养提升为基础的规避机制。%Network public opinion as a part of the social public opinion has a lot of characteristics in the forming reason and the way of digestion and so on. The stimulus of the social anomie events, the absence of expressing mechanism, the instrumental advantage of the network, the interests of the network media and the internal sustain of value consensus etc ,which are the main reasons for the network's public opinion. So based on the four perspectives of government, the rule of law, network media and netizen construct the mechanism of aversion, including government guidance as the main body, the rule of law as the safeguard, network media as the key, the netizen literacy promotion as the basis.

  4. 微博公众人物的伦理责任探析%Analysis of Ethical Responsibility of Micro- blogging Public Figures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周阳

    2012-01-01

    随着微博进一步深入生活,公众为进一步实现“言论自由”而欣喜的同时,也开始为“过度”自由而引起的传播伦理问题而担忧。微博公众人物作为社会道德的引领者,应该承担更多的社会责任,比如要更严格地遵循真实传播、理性评论、文明表达等传播学基本原则,谨慎行使言论自由权;还要成为公众的道德引导者,以实现自我价值与社会价值的统一。社会大众可以对微博公众人物的传播行为进行监督,并就其失范、失德行为进行批评及合法声讨。%With the further microblogging entry into life, the public delight at more "freedom of speech" and at the same time also begin to worried about the spread of ethical problems caused by its "excessive" freedom. Microb- logging public figures, as the leaders of social conscience, should bear more social responsibility, such as following the basic communication principles of true spread, rational comment and civilized expression, and should prudently exercise tile right of freedom of speech and also become a moral guidance of the public to achieve the unity of self- value and social value. The public may supervise on the propagation behavior of the microblogging public figures and make criticism and legitimate denouncement on their anomie and misconduct.

  5. “黄金大米”:风险时代技术理性的失范与规约%On the Flood of Technical Rationality and Regulation in Risk Era---Rethink on“Golden Rice Incident Event”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超; 李奇伟

    2014-01-01

    对“黄金大米”事件起因与事件进程的解读表明,它不只是阐释一个新的科研失范案例,其深层次的认识根源在于技术理性的单向度发展,其社会面向则凸显了技术理性与社会理性之间的分歧与断裂。在风险社会的时代背景之下,寻求规制技术理性泛滥的守则与方法在路径选择上不应囿于理性概念的纯粹思辨,而应立足于社会的审视与反思,透过风险意识启蒙、公共对话与道德法治的规约,促使技术角色合理回归,弥合技术理性与社会理性之间的深深裂痕。%By analyzing causes and course of “Golden Rice event”,we point out the event is not just a new anomie case in scientific research and its roots should be the expansion of technical rationality to -wards one direction .It also reflects the differences and fracture between technical rationality and social rationality.In the risk society , the approach of restraining technical rationality should be based on the perspective of society instead of being confined to purely speculation of concept .We should improve risk awareness , public dialogue , and the rule of ethics and law to bring the role of technology to a reasonable position .

  6. Interpretation and Countermeasures of Cyber-bullying from the Perspective of Information Ethics%基于信息伦理的网络暴力现象解读及对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董彦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,many cyber-bullying phenomena in the internet public sphere,such as inter-net virtual attacks,cyber manhunt and privacy leaks,have become hot points concerned widely,and also been seriously thought-provoking because of resulting in violence in our society. In the virtual and anonymous in-ternet space,due to the insufficiency of effective supervision and management,the moral system of supervising internet behaviors has been in a vacuum state,which leads to the frequent occurrences of internet anomie be-haviors. Therefore,on one hand,it is necessary for us to build up the cyber ethics regulation,strengthen the in-ternet information management,and establish "National Education Program of Internet Information Ethics";on the other hand,it is essential to construct information ethics education content system of integration and founda-tion,adopt diversified promotion strategy of information ethics education,so as to reach the goal of internet in-formation administration and information ethics education.%近年来在网络公共领域,诸如网络虚拟的人身攻击、“人肉搜索”、揭露隐私等网络暴力成为中国网络热点,成为人们关注重点,由其引起的暴力行为也令人深思。在匿名的虚拟网络空间里,由于缺乏有效监督管理,因网络行为起到规范作用的道德体系一直处于真空状态,从而导致网民网络失范频发。一方面,必须建立客体的网络伦理规范,加强网络信息管理,制定《互联网信息伦理国民教育纲要》;另一方面,必须构建综合化和基础化的信息伦理教育内容体系,采用多元化的信息伦理教育推动策略,从而达到网络信息治理和信息伦理教育的目的。

  7. 我国大学体育教育中的文化缺失、归因与重构%Attribution and Reconstruction for the Lack of Culture in China’s Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘元国; 温建军; 许传洲

    2014-01-01

    体育文化是大学文化甚至是教育文化中的重要组成部分,在长期的历史文化背景下,能够反映出文化的传统性和民族性特征,然而我国大学体育教育还存在较为严重的文化缺失现象,主要表现为思想游离、价值扭曲和精神失衡等。究其根本,可以发现在体育教育过程中的文化存在失范、文化理解偏差和文化表达不畅是其文化缺失的主要归因。这需要通过对文化存在、理解和表达的文化化的梳理和统一,不断构建大学体育教育文化的系统化的科学发展,在继承和发扬优秀传统文化的基础上,实现体育文化与大学的文化的融合和通达,最终为大学体育教育的文化重构提供可能的理论层面的程序化对策性知识体系。%Physical culture is an important component of university culture or even educational culture , and it can reflect the traditional and ethnical feature of culture under the long historical and cultural background. However,there exists a phenomenon of severe culture deficiency in the national physical education ,including dissociation of thoughts , distortion of values and imbalance of spirits among universities . When probing the fundamental sources,we can find the anomie culture in the process of physical education,and it mainly attributes to the understanding deviation and expression unsmoothness of physical culture. Therefore ,this phenomenon can be solved by combing and integrating the existence ,understanding and expression of physical culture and by constructing the scientific development of university physical education system ,so that we can bring about the integration smoothness and of physical and university culture on the basis of carrying forward and promoting the excellent traditional culture,and eventually provide the possible procedural and strategic knowledge system for the reconstruction of physical education in universities on the theoretical level.

  8. 论胶州湾滩涂管理中的伦理规制问题%On the Ethical Regulation of Beach Management in Jiaozhou Bay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕建华; 张顺香

    2012-01-01

    Ethical regulation is institutionalized ethics as it can give the effectiveness of the code of ethics to heternnomy. There are a variety of unethical behaviors in the Jiaozhou Bay beach management, such as unscientific planning of the Jiaozhou Bay beach development, one-sided pursuit of economic interests, ignoring intertidal ecological environment in the implementation of beach planning, etc. These are mainly caused by the ethical anomie. To solve this problem, only relying on the strength of the legal and institutional is not enough. The ethical moral rescue is also needed. Therefore, to explore the main way to achieve ethics regulation in the Jiaozhou Bay beach management, standardizing Jiaozhou Bay beach management's ethical behavior has theoretical and practical significance for the healthy and rapid development of the beach-based economy of Jiaozhou Bay.%管理手段多元化是海洋行政管理的趋势之一。胶州湾滩涂管理中的种种有悖于伦理道德的行为,如胶州湾滩涂开发规划不科学、滩涂规划实施中片面追求经济利益忽视滩涂生态环境等,究其原因,最根本的是人的伦理失范。解决这一问题,仅仅依靠法律和制度的力量是不够的,还需要借助伦理进行道德上的救助。因此,探索实现胶州湾滩涂管理伦理规制的主要途径,规范胶州湾滩涂管理部门的伦理行为,对于胶州湾滩涂经济的健康快速发展具有理论和现实意义。

  9. 网络问责的理论探讨%Theoretical Discussion on the Network Accountability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司林波

    2012-01-01

    Network accountability mainly refers to the fact that the internet users, through the public opinion platform of the network, correct the anomie behavior and ascertain the responsibility of the government and its officials in dealing with social events. The development of network technology, internet popularization, civil awareness awakening, and the attentions of senior government officials on the public opinion of the network are the basic conditions for the formation and development of the network accountability. Means and methods of network accountability are very rich, with the basic characteristics as anonymity and ease, openness and equality, variant and effectiveness, interactivity and gather. Network accountability procedures generally include the following seven steps as the issues generated, issues expansion, view interactive, media focus, the tracking and transferring of public opinion and event handling, public opinion review and evaluation, the subsiding and transferring of the public opinion.%网络问责主要是指网民通过网络舆论平台对政府及其公职人员在处理社会事件中的失范行为的舆论矫正和责任追究活动。网络技术的发展和网络的普及化、公民意识的觉醒以及政府高层对网络舆情的重视是网络问责形成与发展的基础性条件。网络问责手段和方式十分丰富。具有匿名性和便捷性、开放性和平等性、异体性和实效性、交互性和集聚性等基本特征。网络问责程序一般包括议题生成、议题扩展、观点交互、舆论聚焦、舆论跟踪转化与事件处理、舆论回顾与评价、舆论平息与转移等七个步骤。

  10. Self-discipline Personality Dimension of Norms of Administrative Behavior---Based on George H Mead’ s “Self” Theory%论行政行为规范的自律性人格之维--基于乔治· H.米德的“自我”理论视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔姗姗

    2015-01-01

    There are two ways of standardizing the administrative acts, namely system outside force and internal self psychological constraints.Meade thinks self is consisted with“I” and“me”.Because the admin-istrative personnel can not make a distinction between“I” and“me”, a mixed personality will be generated. When the mixed personality and discretionary power appear in the executive body, Administrative personnel behavior will be against the rules.The rules can not limit freedom of administrative personnel.As per ordinary occupations, the opposition between“I” and“me” has little effect on the occupations.While that of adminis-trators is the core reason of administrative behavior anomie.Therefore, only reforming the self-discipline per-sonality of administrators in the moralized regulations can the alienated administrative behaviors be avoided.%从形式上看,行政行为异化是由于制度的不完善所引发的。而现实中制度只能对行政行为做出模糊的原则性要求,至于行政人员的具体行动则受他的自我价值观支配。米德认为由“主我”与“客我”的辩证统一关系组成了自我,当“主我”的私利追求与“客我”的公利实现共同组成行政人员的自我时,他就生成了混合性人格。对于社会其他职业而言,混合性人格中“主我”与“客我”的对立对职责的实现影响不大,但是,由于行政人员职业的特殊性,“主我”与“客我”的冲突则是导致行政行为失范的本质原因。因此,统一行政人员的“主我”与“客我”认知,把道德价值的内容充分吸纳到制度中,在德制中重塑行政人员的自律性人格,才能从根本上规避行政行为异化的问题。

  11. Student voluntarism in transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, S A; Clark, C; Walfish, S

    1979-01-01

    The university student volunteer as a social change agent is in a period of transition. There is no returning to the idealism and activism of the 1960s if this and future generations of students continue to see self-preservation and individual advancement as their only viable option here in America. In view of the changing nature of today's students, the conventional definitions of volunteers, such as Shultz's (1972) altruist, average, and pseudo-volunteer, must be reconsidered. Does the acceptance of minimal pay or demand for academic credit preclude one's being a true altruist? Further, is altruism a necessary or sufficient condition of voluntarism? While we must attempt to answer these questions, the purpose here was to suggest viable first steps in reviving and enhancing student voluntarism. Some of the most salient points are: (1) Student volunteers provide critically needed services to the community, (2) Students are increasingly demanding tangible personal and educational gains for services through voluntarism, (3) Faculty support is vital to student voluntarism and they should be encouraged to actively design their classes to integrate classroom theory and practice through volunteering, and (4) The community agencies served should be active participants in the faculty, student, agency triad, and not merely passive recipients of services. The future of student voluntarism must be viewed in the larger context of changes occurring in the society-at-large, such as cynicism, mistrust of authority figures and leaders, and a move away from altruism and toward symbiosis and/or individualism. There is widespread disillusionment with "band-aid" approaches to solving enormous social problems, i.e., trying to help the few while some of society's most fundamental structures guarantee the perpetuation of poverty, crime, and general anomie. The rekindling of the ideology of cooperative altruism will take ingenuity and tireless effort. Meanwhile, if community psychology

  12. Forensic importance of homicide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Milan

    2009-01-01

    homicide in anomy, with intoxications and prolonged psycho-traumatism.

  13. 当代大学生公民道德建设的新途径%New Ways of Constructing Contemporary College Students’ Civic Morality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳玉; 刘楠

    2014-01-01

    As the successors to the socialist cause, contemporary college students should be demonstrators of positive energy of the society. However, the current events that the media have published indicate that they are perniciously influenced by the unhealthy social tendency and show many moral anomie such as lack of ideals, beliefs and sense of public morals, immoral behaviors, imbalanced mental health, defect of moral education, etc. The reasons for that are the impacts of the unfavorable social tendency, the impacts of the negative network information and the lack of family education of pubic morals. The construction of college students’ civic morality can be enhanced by creating favorable directions of public opinion, leading social tendency with positive energy, and strengthening the teaching of the two courses--“Marxist Theory”and“Ideology and Morality”.%当代大学生作为社会主义事业的接班人,应该是社会正能量的示范者,但是从现阶段媒体披露的种种事件,表明大学生受到社会不正风气的腐蚀,表现出很多道德失范现象,如:理想信念缺失,公德心缺失,道德行为失范,心理健康失衡,社会公德教育存在缺陷等。究其原因是社会不良环境影响,网络信息负面影响,家庭公德教育缺失等。通过营造良好地舆论导向,引领正能量的社会风气,增强“两课”的教学地位等方面可以加强大学生的公民道德建设。

  14. Dificultades de integración social en personas depresivas con pensamientos de suicidio Social integration difficulties in depressive people with suicidal thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Montesó-Curtó

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Justificación: el suicidio es un tema de reflexión para las ciencias médicas pero también para las ciencias sociales. Durkheim analiza el suicidio y describe el estado de anomia -sin normas-, en el cual la ciudadanía, como resultado de un cambio rápido, pierde su conexión con la sociedad y su fe en las reglas sociales y en las instituciones, llevando al individuo a la desesperación y al suicidio. Objetivo: identificar las dificultades de integración social en personas depresivas con pensamientos de suicidio. Metodología: se realiza un estudio cualitativo que forma parte de una investigación más amplia sobre depresión. Antes de realizar la entrevista administramos un cuestionario con datos sociodemográficos, datos sobre depresión y causas identificadas, así como también el test de ansiedad-depresión de Goldberg. Posteriormente se realiza una entrevista en profundidad que la hemos denominado historia de vida. Se realizan entrevistas a 66 personas diagnosticadas de depresión, 52 mujeres y 14 hombres previo consentimiento. De éstas se analizan las que han tenido ideas o intentos de suicidio. Resultados: en muchos de los entrevistados que han pensado o han intentado el suicidio lo que les ha impedido hacerlo es la familia y los hijos. Conclusión: el apoyo social es identificado como el principal factor que ha impedido el suicidio.Rationale: suicide is a subject of investigation for the medical sciences but also social sciences. Durkheim examines suicide and describes the state of anomie, without rules, in which citizenship as a result of rapid change, loses its connection with society and his belief in social rules and institutions, leading to individual despair and suicide. Objective: identify the social integration difficulties in depressive people with suicidal thoughts. Methodology: we performed a qualitative study is part of a broader research on depression. Before the interview administered a questionnaire with demographic

  15. An Analysis of Binary-tree Pricing and Trading Strategy of Forestry options%林业期权的二叉树定价以及交易策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐静; 李超杰; 张彦

    2011-01-01

    Now,reform of forest ownership has been taken all over the country,but we are still lack of quantitative study on the transfer of forest ownership-the core of the reform-especially,many problems existed in transfer of forest ownership,i.e.late start and small scale in transfer,lack of interest in transfer for forest farmers,insufficient supply,asymmetrical market information,anomy of local government,shortage of appraisal system on forest resources,and restraint in technology.This paper applies the real options theory to transfer of forest ownership to improve pay-as-you-go trade into two-option trade,and combines the real options theory with the binary-tree pricing model to analyze the trade strategy of the buyers and the sellers.The research shows that when designing trade mechanism we must control the rate of deforestation,and expectation between the buyers and the sellers plays a decisive role on trade strategy.%目前,林权改革已在我国如火如荼地展开了,但是作为林权改革核心的林权流转仍缺少定量化的研究,尤其是林权流转方面还存在着诸多问题,如林权流转起步晚,规模小;林农对流转缺乏积极性,供给不足;市场信息不对称,地方政府失范;森林资源评估体系缺乏,流转受到技术限制。将实物期权理论应用于林权流转的过程,将林权流转买卖双方即收即付的交易进行改良,将其分解为两个期权的交易,综合运用实物期权理论和二叉树定价模分析买卖双方的交易策略研究结果发现,交易机制在设计时必须对砍伐率进行控制,而预期对买卖双方的交易策略起着决定性的作用。

  16. 诗意栖居与审美共识——"美丽中国"视域下中国人居环境审美反思%Poetic Habitation and Aesthetic Consensus——Aesthetic Reflections on Chinese Human Settlement under the"BeautifulChina"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭松乔

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of "beautiful China", there are many aesthetic problems in the environment of human settlements. From the perspective of phenomena, greedy great, fawn on foreign, pursuit of weird, ghost towns, can be described as four aesthetic freak; from the planning level, national engineering and ecological environment of the contradiction, urban renewal and protection of the old city of contradictions, rural construction and landscape design contradiction constitute of aesthetic conflict three real predicament. Such four fields as dramatic conflict, caused by social transformation, transaction of mental imbalance, the interests of the game leading to the confusion of values, and aesthetic confusion caused by cultural anomie are the main reasons that caused the problems existing in living environment. Therefore, we need to reach aesthetic consensus in the construction of human settlements environment, so that the beauty Chinaˊs grand vision of poetic dwelling will become reality. In this regard, the advanced culture to lead, inclusive attitude to promote, strengthening standard system, and the harmony of science and humanities are the only way to reach the aesthetic consensus.%置于"美丽中国"视域下的当下人居环境,存在不少审美方面问题. 从现象层面看,贪大、媚洋、求怪、鬼城可谓四大审美怪胎;从规划层面看,国家工程与生态环境的矛盾、城市改造与旧城保护的矛盾、乡村建设与景观设计的矛盾是构成审美冲突的三大现实困境. 究其根由,社会转型带来的急剧冲突、城乡异动产生的精神失衡、利益博弈导致的价值混乱和文化失范引起的审美迷茫是造成人居环境审美方面问题丛生的主要原因. 因此,我们亟须在人居环境建设方面形成审美共识,以便将美丽中国的宏伟愿景化为诗意栖居的人间现实.在这方面,先进文化的引领,包容心态的促进,制度规范的强化,科学人文

  17. Political myths and totalitarianism: an anthropological analysis of their causal interrelationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svilicić, Niksa; Maldini, Pero

    2014-06-01

    This paper discusses the key political, anthropological and socio-cultural functions of political myths in the appearance and functioning of totalitarian regimes. A special emphasis is put on structural elements of the myth (mythemes) and the mythic content (narratives) in the processes of artificial construction of a new society (community) based on the myth-inspired ideological postulates. The paper argues that the establishment of totalitarianism marked a certain anthropological devolution. This devolution, in turn, proceeds through the deconstruction of civil society as an organic social sphere and the artificial construction of a new political community based on ideological postulates and political myths. In support of this assertion, it is first shown how the mythical narratives--transformed into political concepts and programs--were the basis of (re)interpretation of the world, society and individual, and essentially determined the nature and functioning of the totalitarian regimes. Then, the specific political myths are analyzed and compared, as well as their content and origin, and particularly their dual function. It in turn is analyzed in the framework of the classical society-community dichotomy, where the (civil) society is founded socio-politically on the social contract, and the (political) community socio-anthropologically on political myth. In a situation of identity and legitimacy crisis, anomie and the weakening of social cohesion--the characteristic conditions of the great economic and political crisis of the early twentieth century that enabled the emergence of totalitarianism--society as a contracting community does not work. A strong need for meaning (at the individual and societal level) affects the citizens' susceptibility to (political) concepts of (re)constitution of (political) community with which they can identify. Right there, totalitarian movements use the cohesive power of the political myth that replaces the rationally based

  18. Mobile communication and new sense of places: a critique of spatialization in cyberculture Mobile communication and new sense of places: a critique of spatialization in cyberculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Lemos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The underlying idea of this paper can be expressed as follows: informational mobile technologies have enabled new means of communication and sociability based on what I call "informational territories". What is at stake here is to question some visions about the relationship between informational technologies and place, territory, community and mobility. I will argue that, under the label of "locative media", new mobile technologies are creating new forms of territorialization (control, surveillance, tracking and new meanings of space, place, and territory, contradicting the theory of "non-place" or "no sense of place". Moreover, this impels us to argue the ideas of anomie and isolation with the emergence of new forms of sociability and community created by location-based services. Comunicação móvel e o novo sentido dos lugares: crítica da espacialização na cibercultura — A ideia básica deste artigo pode ser colocada da seguinte forma: tecnologias informacionais móveis têm permitindo novas formas de comunicação e sociabilidade com base naquilo que chamo de "territórios informacionais". O que está em jogo aqui é uma nova relação entre as tecnologias informacionais e as dimensões do local, do território, da comunidade e da mobilidade. Vamos mostrar como as novas tecnologias móveis, sob o rótulo de "mídias locativas", criam novas formas de territorialização (controle, vigilância, monitoramento e, contra as tese de "não-lugar" ou de um "não sentido dos lugares", o que estamos vendo são novas significações no espaço público urbano. Além disso, discutiremos as ideias de anomia e de isolamento com o surgimento de formas de sociabilidade e de vínculo comunitário criadas pelos serviços baseados em localização (LBS.

  19. Tolerancia al quebrantamiento de la norma en el area metropolitana de Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Duque

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El presente artículo analiza la tolerancia al quebrantamiento de la norma en Medellín y municipios del Área Metropolitana a partir de los datos obtenidos del estudio sobre la magnitud, distribución y factores asociados a la violencia en el Área Metropolitana que se realizó en 2004 a los diez municipios que la integran, por el cual se estimó la magnitud que se tiene en la sociedad de este importante factor de riesgo para la violencia. De los resultados se destaca que los indicadores estandarizados de anomia y de legitimación del quebrantamiento de la norma son asombrosamente altos en todos los municipios del Área Metropolitana de Medellín, tanto en hombres como en mujeres, aunque con mayor prevalencia entre los hombres, y entre los menores de edad y los jóvenes. Se presentan discusiones sociológicas que aportan elementos para explicar la presencia y las características de este fenómeno y los factores que motivan a un individuo a ocasionar un incidente que contribuye a dicho fenómeno. Entre los elementos explicativos se mencionan tanto los valores inadecuados o falta de ciertos valores culturales, fruto de condicionantes de índole sociocultural y económica en el Área Metropolitana, como la racionalidad individual.Abstract: This article analyzes the tolerance to the breaches of the norm in Medellin and municipalities in Metropolitan Area. For this purpose, we use data from the study about magnitude, distribution and factors associated with violence in Metropolitan Area of Medellin that was conducted in 2004 to ten of its municipalities. In this study was estimated the magnitude of this important risk factor for violence on society. Results emphasize that the standardized indicators of anomie and legitimacy to the breach of the rule are surprisingly high in all municipalities in the Metropolitan Area of Medellin, for both men and women, although most prevalent among men, children and youth. Sociological arguments are

  20. Alienation,Impact and Guidance of Network Public Opinion under New Media Context%新媒体语境下的网络舆论:异化、冲击与引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶鹏

    2014-01-01

    新媒体构建起一种新型的社会语境和媒介生态,媒介的融合诱发了社会变革,新媒体语境下的网络舆论因而呈现出多种异化与畸变现象,给社会管理带来了冲击与挑战。如何在新媒体语境下有效地引导网络舆论,已经成为社会管理范畴的重要课题。因此,需要通过议程设置重构、完善网络问政机制、加强网络社交管理、规制政府行为失范、提升主流媒体公信力等途径,实现对网络舆论的有效引导,从而促进虚拟社会与现实社会得以健康稳定、和谐有序地发展。%New media has formed a new type of social context and media ecology.However,the fusion of media inducing social reform and network public opinion under new media context appears various phenomena of alienation and distortion accordingly.As a result,social management will face various impacts and challenges,such as cycle shortening,more difficulties to distinguish truth from fake,public opinion becoming changeable and misleading public decision-making. Consequently,how to guide network public opinion effectively under new media context has become an important subject of social management category.It is necessary to realize the effective guidance of network public opinion so as to further improve the healthy,stable,harmonious and orderly development of modern society through the methods of re-setting a-genda,perfecting the network politics mechanism,strengthening the management of social network,regulating the behav-ior anomie of government itself,improving the public trust for mainstream media.

  1. Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

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    Young Robert

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school, 15 (secondary school and in early adulthood (age 19. Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc., and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities, school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc. and school context (size, denomination, etc.. A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement. While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self

  2. Aslı Erdoğan'ın Anlatılarında Ontolojik Sorunlar Ontological Problems in Aslı Erdoğan's Narratives

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    Mehmet ÖZGER

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of existence in Aslı Erdoğan's narratives will be examined in this article. Aslı Erdoğan is one of the leading female autor in the last term Turkish Literature. Having written sort stories, novelsand essays the autor became famous with her artistic creativity. It canbe talked about two interwoven adventures in Aslı Erdoğan’s Works.The adventures in the outside world are accompanied by the heroes’adventures of an inner worlds. Heroes appear to be almost all alone, nothold, competing with backgrounds and themselves, living in a constantfeeling of emptiness and nothingness, who are looking to a meaningtoward lack and devastation in their lives. In this context, it seems thatexistential concepts and trajectory are in the forefront rather than plotin which speeches and interviews gained density. The circumstancesand details which shape human existence and attitude toward life areemphasized. The main problem of the narrative heroes is the alienationand the other existential problems that we see in narrative areconditions that become visible with other existential alienationproblems. It is seen that heroes are alienated particularly againstthemselves, environment and society. In this respect in the alienation ofnarrative, as a type of alienation themes like individual anomie andaccordingly, solitude, nothingness / space, escape / exile, death andsuicide and so on stand out. This narrative themes are important inrevealing the psychological world of the heroes as well as to reveal thepsychology of the author. Bu yazıda Aslı Erdoğan’ın anlatılarında varoluş sorunsalı incelenecektir. Aslı Erdoğan son dönem Türk edebiyatının önemli kadın yazarlarından biridir. Öykü, roman, deneme türlerinde eserler kaleme alan sanatçı, sanatsal yaratıcılık yeteneğiyle adından söz ettirmeyi başarmıştır. Aslı Erdoğan’ın eserlerinde iç içe geçmiş iki serüvenden bahsedilebilir. Kahramanların dış dünyadaki ser

  3. The Concept of “Society”in Durkheim’s Early Social Theory%涂尔干早期社会理论中的“社会”概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英飞

    2013-01-01

    Durkheim’s early work on the theory of “society”was in response to the predicament in reality caused by the abstract individualism which had evolved from the doctrine of natural rights represented by Rousseau.There were two specific aspects in the predicament.First,lack of cohesiveness inFrench politics and society after the Revolutionindicated that political revolution or reform guided by Rousseau’s doctrine of natural rights had not only caused failure in the political ideals of social contracts but also a disordered society.Second,bankruptciesof industrial and commercial enterprises and the conflicts between employers and employees resulting from the development of modern industry that came along with the Revolution alsoindicated that the abstract naturalrights led people down into anomie situations instead of bringing them social welfare.As seen by Durkheim,all of these rooted inthe moral dilemma of an abstract personalityhypothesis since Rousseau. To overcome this moral dilemma of abstract personality, Durkheim learned from Comte and recognized that “society”was more fundamental than politics,i.e.,a political system was simply an expression of the social system at a particular stage of civilization.Based on this,Durkheim followed the tradition of the social sciences in France and incorporated the argument onle corps social from Saint-Simon,Comte,and Spencer,trying to dispute the natural rights’view of social artificiality and demonstrate that human rights originated in society. Moreover, from the perspective of the collective conscience,Durkheim demonstratedthe spiritual characteristics of society,and on this basis,explainedhow to rebuild the moral authorityin modern secular society. In the final section, this paper discusses the problems from the incompleteness in Durkheim’s early theoretical framework,i.e.,the way by which individuals got connected to society.%涂尔干关于“社会”的理论的形成,与由以卢梭为代表的自然

  4. Study on the Audit Strategy of Transfer Payment Optimizing---Governance and Expenditure Responsibilities to Adapt the Reform%转移支付优化审计策略研究--以事权和支出责任相适应改革为背景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 谭民俊

    2014-01-01

    Asymmetry of central and local financial authority and powers of the local government transfer payment system becomes the basic means of matching with the financial power, which aims to make up for the longitudinal intergovernmental fiscal imbalance and horizontal fiscal imbalances. But China's fiscal transfer payment by the system induced change, design defects, responsibility and expenditure of separation and other reasons, there are problems of inefficiency, operating efficiency, unreasonable structure, low leakage of normative level, procedure regulation of anomie and etc. Through comprehensive deepening the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, national audit institutions can play "function and immune system"governance role of transfer payments, increase audit from the audit content, audit oriented level, capital flows, put efficiency-orientation, performance-orientation and accountability-orientation through the transfer payment audit process, pay attention to safety, transfer payment efficiency, economic capital, with the power transfer, all levels of government financial resources to match the power of government expenditure responsibility, optimizing the transfer payment and the improvement of governance.%中央与地方财权与事权的不对称使转移支付制度成为实现地方政府财力与事权匹配的基本手段,以弥补政府间纵向财政失衡和横向财政失衡。但目前我国财政转移支付因体制的诱致性变迁、设计理念缺陷、事权与支出责任分离等原因,存在效能不彰、运行效率漏损、结构不合理、规范性水平低、程序规制失范等问题。在全面深化财税体制改革下,国家审计机关可以发挥"免疫系统"功能和国家治理作用,对转移支付从审计内容、审计导向、资金流向等方面提升审计层次,把问效、问绩、问责贯穿转移支付审计过程始终,关注转移支付资金的安全性、效率性、经济性,实现

  5. An Investigation of Effective Factors on the Extent of Citizens’ Trust to Municipality Case Study of Neyshabur’s Citizens

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    J. Mohammadi

    2013-01-01

    . Social Crisis and Iranian Elites. Farhang-e-Andisheh, 3(10. Azkia M. & Gaffari G. R. (2001. An Investigation of the Relationship between Trust and Social Participation in Rural Districts of Kashan. Social Sciences Letter Journal, No. 17.Colman J. (1998. Foundations of Social Theory. Translated into Persian By: Sabouri M. Tehran: Nashr-e-Ney Publications. Dogan M. (1995. The Measurement of Legitimacy and Trust. Translated into Persian by: Piran P. Ettelaat Political-Economical Journal, No. 97-8.Giddens A. (1998. Modernity Consequences. Translated into Persian By: Salasi M. Tehran: Markaz Publications. Hezarjaribi J. (2009. An Investigation of Factors Effective on Citizens’ Social Trust: Case Study of Tehran, Qom and Qazvin. Applied Sociology Journal, 36(4. Ingelhart R. (2005. Cultural Change in Developed Industrial Society. Translated into Persian By: Vetr M. Tehran: Kavir Publications. Iranian Statistics Center (2006. Detailed Results of Housing and People Consensus: Neishabur Township.Mohseni Tabrizi A. R. & Shirali E. (2008. Effective Factors on Social Trust among Iranian Students Abroad: Case Study of German Universities. Research and Planning in Higher Education Quarterly, No. 52.Ojaglu S. & Zahedi M. J. (2005. An Investigation of Social Trust and Factors Effective on It among Zanjan Residents. Iranian Sociology Journal, 6(4.Patenham R. (2001. Democracy and Civil Traditions. Translated into Persian By: Delforouz M. T. Tehran: Salam Newspaper Publications.Paxton, P.(1999. Is Social Capital Declining in the United States? A Multiple indicator Assessment. American Sociological journal. Vol.105, No.1.Rafeepour F. (1999. Anomy or Social Disorder: A research on Anomy Potential in Tehran. Tehran: Soroush Publications.Rothstein, B., and D.Stolle.(2008. "The State and Social Capital. A Theory of Generalized Trust". Comporative Politics,. Vol. 40, No4, July 2008Sharepour M. (2001. The Depreciation of Social Assets and Its Consequences. Iranian Sociology Institution Letter

  6. Técnicas extractivas y preparativas en Paleontología: Aspectos ambientales y de seguridad laboral

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    Daniel L. Melendi

    2009-06-01

    y daño que afectan la salud así como de factores de riesgo y de probables conductas disfuncionales que los propician. Este trabajo, además de un breve análisis de los aspectos técnicos del trabajo paleontológico, presenta información de contexto, introduce en la problemática de los riesgos, expone los marcos normativos y desarrolla una interpretación de las posibles causas que explicarían el incumplimiento de lo establecido en materia de seguridad laboral. Propone también posibles estrategias destinadas a mitigar, corregir y revertir este problema.Extractive and preparation techniques in Paleontology. Environmental aspects and labor safety. The objective of this paper is to analyze the working conditions in which the paleontologic work is developed, especially in Paleopalynology and Paleovertebrat ology. This analysis is also valid for other academic and scientific activities. During fieldwork and in the paleontologic research a wide range of processes are applied, which proceed from the fields of physics and chemistry. They are characterized by different degrees of complexity and present different types of risks for the people who apply them, for other people, for physical objects and for the environment. For the applications of all these technical activities, some aspects must be taken into account that are not perceived as scientific matter and consequently do not receive attention: the safety of working conditions. This situation determines a state of precarious conditions of the labor environment and certain degree of stress, which potentiates the generation of accidents and damages and is hurting the legislation and the codes of professional ethics. The violation and absence of application of these rules are occurring frequently. The origin of this behavior may be due to the lack of knowledge and interest, and a certain degree of collective anomie that characterizes our society. In our labor environment -even without existing statistics- the cases

  7. Diseases of poverty and lifestyle, well-being and human development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajai R; Singh, Shakuntala A

    2008-01-01

    on a robust mix of the temporal and the spiritual, with vibrant indigenous biomedical and related disciplines, for example, Ayurveda, Yoga, etc. It also has a burgeoning corpus of modern biomedical knowledge in active conversation with the rest of the world. It should be especially careful that, while it does not negate the fruits of economic development and scientific/biomedical advance that seem to beckon it in this century, it does not also forget the values that have added meaning and purpose to life; values that the ancients bequeathed it, drawn from their experiential knowledge down the centuries.The means that the developed have could combine with the recipes to make them meaningful that the developing have. That is the challenge ahead for mankind as it gropes its way out of poverty, disease, despair, alienation, anomie, and the ubiquitous all-devouring lifestyle stresses, and takes halting steps towards well-being and the glory of human development. PMID:22013359

  8. The Impact of Religiosity and Mass Media on Students' Sense of Social Security

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    Ali Hashemianfar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionSecurity is one of the man’s fundamental needs and is considered as the first condition for sustainable development in a civilized society. One of the institutions which has an important role on the sense of social security is religion. Religion, religiosity and believe in God guide people to obey rules and prevent them from moral abnormality and anomy. Also, in today’s world, media exercises an extraordinary power on human’s life. Media has a paradoxical impact on society. It can change the truth or show the right, wrong and vice versa. Buzan introduces social security as a set of qualities upon which people consider themselves as members of a special group. In fact, social security is oriented towards dimensions of one's life and one's identity. Of course, feeling of security is related to one's state of mind rather than real life. Materials and MethodsResearch show that religiosity and the rate of using media are the effective cultural factors that influence feeling of security. On this base, this study aims at investigating the impacts of religiosity and mass media on sense of social security. In fact, in this research sense of social security is the dependent variable. The method of research is survey. All Mazandaran’s students are research population, of whom a sample of 400 individuals were randomly selected. 57.6 percent of respondents were female and 42.4 percent were male. Also, the age mean is 22.63. The research data was gathered through questionnaires. Content validity of questionnaire was achieved. For reliability test, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated. The analysis of data is carried out at descriptive and inferential statistics levels. It should be mentioned that the variables such as level of sense of social security, religiosity and using mass media are examined through Likert scale. Total scores in each scale is calculated and considered as interval variables. Discussion of results and

  9. Diseases of Poverty and Lifestyle, Well-Being and Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2008-01-01

    philosophical outlook based on a robust mix of the temporal and the spiritual, with vibrant indigenous biomedical and related disciplines, for example, Ayurveda, Yoga, etc. It also has a burgeoning corpus of modern biomedical knowledge in active conversation with the rest of the world. It should be especially careful that, while it does not negate the fruits of economic development and scientific/biomedical advance that seem to beckon it in this century, it does not also forget the values that have added meaning and purpose to life; values that the ancients bequeathed it, drawn from their experiential knowledge down the centuries.The means that the developed have could combine with the recipes to make them meaningful that the developing have. That is the challenge ahead for mankind as it gropes its way out of poverty, disease, despair, alienation, anomie, and the ubiquitous all-devouring lifestyle stresses, and takes halting steps towards well-being and the glory of human development.