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Sample records for anomie

  1. Durkheim's Theory of Anomie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Stephen R.

    1974-01-01

    Durkheim's theory of anomie is traced and argued to be a major development that followed the publication of "Suicide." Recognition of anomie as a macrosociological problem rendered it insoluble by Durkeheim's practical-humanistic orientation. In this connection his remedial proposals -- occupational, political, education, and "creation and…

  2. [Anomie and public mental health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parales-Quenza, Carlos J

    2008-01-01

    This article uses the concept of anomie for understanding public mental-health issues and constructing strategies aimed at promoting health and preventing disease. Studying anomie involves many definitions and approaches; this article conceptualises anomie as dérréglement or derangement and as a total social fact as its effects and consequences are pervasive across all areas of human experience. The article suggests the pertinence of the concept to public health based on several authors' observations depicting Latin-America as being a set of anomic societies and Colombia as the extreme case. Current definitions of mental health in positive terms (not just as being the absence of mental illness) validate the need for considering anomie as an indicator of public mental health. The article proposes that if anomie expresses itself through rules as basic social structure components, then such rules should also be considered as the point of intervention in promoting mental health.

  3. Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie.

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    Ali Teymoori

    Full Text Available Sociologists coined the term "anomie" to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as 'a state of society' and as a 'state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the 'state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership. Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS. Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b. The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed.

  4. Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teymoori, Ali; Jetten, Jolanda; Bastian, Brock; Ariyanto, Amarina; Autin, Frédérique; Ayub, Nadia; Badea, Constantina; Besta, Tomasz; Butera, Fabrizio; Costa-Lopes, Rui; Cui, Lijuan; Fantini, Carole; Finchilescu, Gillian; Gaertner, Lowell; Gollwitzer, Mario; Gómez, Ángel; González, Roberto; Hong, Ying Yi; Jensen, Dorthe Høj; Karasawa, Minoru; Kessler, Thomas; Klein, Olivier; Lima, Marcus; Mähönen, Tuuli Anna; Megevand, Laura; Morton, Thomas; Paladino, Paola; Polya, Tibor; Ruza, Aleksejs; Shahrazad, Wan; Sharma, Sushama; Torres, Ana Raquel; van der Bles, Anne Marthe; Wohl, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Sociologists coined the term "anomie" to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as 'a state of society' and as a 'state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the 'state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed.

  5. Social Anomie and Drug Addiction

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The present article addresses the relationshop between social anomie and drug addiction and tries to show that how we can apply anomie theory to clarify the aspects of this social problem in our society. By reviewing Durkheim’s and Merton’s anomie theories and Agnew’s mental-social theory، this article attempts to show that despite of fundamental differences in these two theories، Iranian Society has an anomic situation and this situation has a high poteniality for tendency toward drug addict...

  6. Social Anomie and Drug Addiction

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    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The present article addresses the relationshop between social anomie and drug addiction and tries to show that how we can apply anomie theory to clarify the aspects of this social problem in our society. By reviewing Durkheim’s and Merton’s anomie theories and Agnew’s mental-social theory، this article attempts to show that despite of fundamental differences in these two theories، Iranian Society has an anomic situation and this situation has a high poteniality for tendency toward drug addiction/abuse.

  7. Psychology of anomie

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    Narciso Benbenaste

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Anomie is a phenomenon which not only affects daily life but also the quality of institutions and therefore, as studied by economic neo-institutionalism, the possibilities of economic development. So far the treatment of this phenomenon comes predominantly from the sociological theory. In the fi rst part of this paper we recognize some of Emile Durkheim´s contributions, adding Nino´s perspicacious comments as regards “anomia boba” (“dull anomie”.Then we describe, what makes the main purpose of this article, what we believe to be the basic psychological confi guration of a population in which anomie is not perceived as a negative value. That basic confi guration, which takes as a reference observations and data from our own research, consists of the following four characteristics-defi ned psychologically as regressive features: a The individual development represented as opposite to social interest; b tendency to represent the hierarchy as authoritarianism, where there is no difference between authority and authoritarianism; c the primarization of secondary links; d male chauvinism.

  8. Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teymoori, Ali; Jetten, Jolanda; Bastian, Brock; Ariyanto, Amarina; Autin, Frédérique; Ayub, Nadia; Badea, Constantina; Besta, Tomasz; Butera, Fabrizio; Costa-Lopes, Rui; Cui, Lijuan; Fantini, Carole; Finchilescu, Gillian; Gaertner, Lowell; Gollwitzer, Mario; Gómez, Ángel; González, Roberto; Hong, Ying Yi; Jensen, Dorthe Høj; Karasawa, Minoru; Kessler, Thomas; Klein, Olivier; Lima, Marcus; Mähönen, Tuuli Anna; Megevand, Laura; Morton, Thomas; Paladino, Paola; Polya, Tibor; Ruza, Aleksejs; Shahrazad, Wan; Sharma, Sushama; Torres, Ana Raquel; van der Bles, Anne Marthe; Wohl, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Sociologists coined the term “anomie” to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as ‘a state of society’ and as a ‘state of mind’, we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the ‘state of society’. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed. PMID:27383133

  9. Marriage and Anomie: A Causal Argument

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    Lee, Gary R.

    1974-01-01

    A sample of 394 married couples is employed to test the possibility of an association between marital satisfaction and personal (attitudinal) anomie. The hypothesis is supported. Conclusions are offered relevant to anomie theory, and to utilization of marital and family phenomena as independent variables in causal explanations of nonfamily events.…

  10. A Developmental Test of Mertonian Anomie Theory.

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    Menard, Scott

    1995-01-01

    Carefully reviewed Merton's writings on anomie theory to construct a more complete and rigorous test of the theory for respondents in early, middle, and late adolescence. Concluded that misspecified models of strain theory have underestimated the predictive power of strain theory in general and of anomie theory in particular. (JBJ)

  11. Social support and anomie: a multilevel analysis of anomie in Europe and North America.

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    Liqun Cao; Ruohui Zhao; Ling Ren; Zhao, Jihong Solomon

    2010-08-01

    On the basis of the reasoning of social support theory, the authors examine the macro effect of social support on anomie at the individual level. Data from international surveys have documented wide variation in anomie across nations, but to what extent this variation among nations can be contributed to structural characteristics has not been explored before. Using hierarchical linear modeling techniques to sort out the effects of structural context and personal characteristics on anomie across 31 European and North American nations, the authors test the hypothesis that variation in social support at the national level is inversely related to individuals' sense of anomie. The study results support the hypothesis that structural characteristics of a nation, such as social support and population growth, influence individuals' sense of anomie. At the individual level, the results are consistent with Merton's predictions about anomie and the reasoning of social support theory. Policy implication is discussed within the limitations of data.

  12. An Empirical Examination of the Anomie Theory of Drug Use.

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    Dull, R. Thomas

    1983-01-01

    Investigated the relationship between anomie theory, as measured by Srole's Anomie Scale, and self-admitted drug use in an adult population (N=1,449). Bivariate cross-comparison correlations indicated anomie was significantly correlated with several drug variables, but these associations were extremely weak and of little explanatory value.…

  13. Returning to normality: anomie and crime in China.

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    Cao, Liqun

    2007-02-01

    The current study explored the value change as manifested in the sense of anomie during the 1990s and sources of anomie in contemporary China. The multiple regression analysis found that employment, having children, and satisfaction in life were significantly related to anomie; however, the effect of education was related to anomie in the direction that was inconsistent with what was known in the Western literature. Age had no significant effect on anomie. It is concluded that the crime rates remain relatively low even after many years of dramatic increase, and that China may not be able to maintain its tight control over politics forever.

  14. THE HEURISTIC POTENTIAL OF ANOMIE THEORY IN MODERN CRIMINOLOGY

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    Alexander Vladislavovich Pletnev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with modern English theories of anomie. They can be used in Russian criminology.  The main goal of article consists in detection of actual theories of anomie and definition of prospects of their use. As modern theories of anomie are poorly submitted in the Russian sociological and criminological literature, the subject of research is actual. This work contains the analysis of opportunities for adoption of modern conceptions of anomie of individual in Russian practice. During research development of the theory of anomie in the history of sociology was considered. The problem of anomie was admitted actual antique Greece. Anomie which is today concerned with normlessness and related to alienation is associated primarily with the works of Durkheim and Merton. Anomia developed in research by MacIver and Srole as a characteristic of individuals and related to the breakdown of the individual’s sense of attachment to society. Results of theoretical research show that theories of anomie of the personality have the greatest heuristic potential for modern Russian science. Other important conclusion of research is one that the anomie can have some sources of emergence. Further studying of this subject is necessary because English-language theories of anomie contain a set of theoretical and empirical results which can be used in the Russian criminology.

  15. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

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    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  16. Social Anomie and Racial Segregation in South Africa

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    Huschka, Denis; Mau, Steffen

    2006-01-01

    The concept of anomie is one of the classics of sociological theory. Developed by scholars such as Emile Durkheim and Robert K. Merton, the concept refers to the absence of clear social norms and values and to a lack of sense of social regulation. However, whereas Merton focused on features of relative deprivation that cause anomie, Durkheim was…

  17. Anomie and the "Brain Drain": A Sociological Explanation.

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    Karadima, Oscar

    The concept of anomie is proposed as one sociological variable that may explain the "brain drain" phenomenon (i.e., the movement of highly qualified personnel from their country of origin to another, most often a more developed, technologically advanced country). It is hypothesized that the higher the level of anomie found among professionally…

  18. Existential Frustration and Psychological Anomie within Select College Student Subcultures.

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    Metha, Arlene

    A study was conducted to determine if eight distinct subcultures of college students reflect differences concerning psychological anomie (alienation) and existential frustration. In addition, the purpose of this study was to explore the interaction among eight college student subcultures and sex and race for psychological anomie and existential…

  19. Anomie and United States Suicide rates, 1973--1976.

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    Boor, M

    1979-10-01

    Related annual variations in United States suicide rates between 1973 and 1976 to concomitant annual variations in expressions of anomie obtained on the 5-item Srole anomie scale by a representative sample of the United States population. Expressions of anomie increased significantly for persons in the age groups (15--24 and 25--34 year) that displayed increases in suicide rates, annual variations in endorsement of anomie statements were correlated significantly with the concomitant annual variations in the suicide rates of the 15--24 year age group, and there was a nonsignificant tendency toward this relationship in the other (25--34 year) age group with increasing suicide rates. However, expressions of anomie also increased significantly for persons in the older age groups that showed no increases in suicide rates. Thus, Durkheim's hypothesis was not supported among older persons as it was among younger persons. Previous studies suggest that measures of anomie that focus explicitly on perceptions of internal-external control may be related more closely to suicidal behavior (especially for older persons) than measures that focus on other components of anomie.

  20. Anomy in Dostoiévski: denial of references

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    Flávio Honório da Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to reflect about the concept of anomy in Notes from Underground from Dostoievski analyzing the exacerbated individualism, constant dissatisfaction, a ethical and moral vacuum triggered by exercise of the ratio between other elements that can be understood as a social sin. In a theological approach the paper want to draw a parallel between  the anomy as social sin and the consciousness of social sin as open to salvation trough love.Keywords: Anomie, social sin, nihilism, God

  1. An overview of Durkheim and Merton’s social anomie

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    Taner Çam

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to explain Emile Durkheim’s and Robert King Merton’s social anomie. Durkheim and Merton are the two prominent sociologists of functionalist tradition. American sociologist Merton is accepted as the successor of European Sociologist Durkheim in this tradition. Merton examines the works of Durkheim by accepting, criticizing, finding the gaps, and/or offering new thoughts/notions. Social anomie is one of the most well-known notions among them. Their introduction of social anomie into sociological knowledge has also become stepping stones for many contemporary researchers in literature. Social anomie was first mentioned and discussed in “Suicide” by Durkheim and in “Social Structure and Anomie” by Merton. In this regard, this study aims at tracing the influence of Durkheim on Merton in the explanation of social anomie. Finally, this paper sheds light on the social anomie from the perspective of these two philosophers and provides a thorough analysis of the concept.

  2. Achievement Values and Anomie Among Women in a Low-Income Housing Project

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    Barnett, Larry D.

    1970-01-01

    An analysis of the results of an administration of Rosen's Achievement Values Scale and Srole's Anomie Scale to adult women residents of a low-income housing project indicated no intrinsic relationship between anomie and achievement values. (JM)

  3. Poverty, Socioeconomic Change, Institutional Anomie, and Homicide.

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    Kim, Sang-Weon; Pridemore, William Alex

    2005-12-01

    Objective. This study examined institutional anomie theory in the context of transitional Russia. Methods. We employed an index of negative socioeconomic change and measures of family, education, and polity to test the hypothesis that institutional strength conditions the effects of poverty and socioeconomic change on homicide rates. Results. As expected, the results of models estimated using negative binomial regression show direct positive effects of poverty and socioeconomic change and direct negative effects of family strength and polity on regional homicide rates. There was no support, however, for the hypothesis that stronger social institutions reduce the effects of poverty and socioeconomic change on violence. Conclusions. We interpret these results in the Russia-specific setting, concluding that Russia is a rich laboratory for examining the effects of social change on crime and that empirical research in other nations is important when assessing the generalizability of theories developed to explain crime and violence in the United States.

  4. A Study of Social Anomie among Slum Residents of Tabriz

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    Mohammad-Bagher Alizadeh Aghdam

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Uncontrolled urban growth had led to production of inhabitants in marginalized areas and slums by creating and increasing inequality in urban contexts. In such a circumstance, several problems arise; marginalized areas are prone to various social pathologies. In this paper, we consider the problem of anomie, which is regarded as one of the most important problems of the marginalized. It is a social situation in which disintegration of norms that govern social interactions and relationships occurs. Anomie or social chaos is an irregularity or abnormality in which people are unable to communicate with common rules and satisfy their needs. According to Durkheim, anomie includes a state in which a set of rules governing social functions is missing. In the anomic condition, disorder, conflict, and instability of norms are clearly visible. In this paper, we examine the relationship between social anomie and several important factors such as religiosity, moral illegality, instrumental illegality, cultural capital and economic capital among marginalized populations of Tabriz city. Many sociologists argue that marginalization in large metropolitan cities originate from forms of social deviations from within these communities. Tabriz is one of Iran's metropolitan cities, suffering from a kind of marginalization whose consequences are indicative of social abnormalities. Considering the above discussion, the main objective of this paper is to examine factors responsible for creation of anomie among marginalized citizens of Tabriz. Material and Methods This survey research was conducted in 2013. Questionnaire is used for data gathering, and to analyze the data, SPSS software, Pearson correlation test and regression analysis were used. Research population includes all residents of marginalized areas of Tabriz. Sampling method was multi-stage cluster sampling. Using Cochran formula, sample size was estimated to include 384 individuals. The

  5. ANOMIE DEVELOPMENT IN RELIGIOUS SPHERE OF POSTSOVIET SOCIETY

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    Pletnev Alexander Vladislavovich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the current article the author analyzes influence of amendments in the religious sphere of postsoviet society for the increase of anomie in it. He indicates main factors that influence the anomie and charactarize specific features of religious sphere of modern Russian society. They are religious variety, caused by missionery activity and restore of traditional confessions (Orthodox, Islam, Judiasm, Buddism, Lutheranism, and also actualization of the religious identity matter, the phenomen of “out of confession herecy” and religious conflicts. According to the researcher opinion, amendments in the spiritual sphere influence the studied phenomen as well as trasnformation of political and economic system, caused by transfer from communism to democracy and from planning to market economy. The possible ways of anomie decrease via religious sphere of the society such as increase of Orthodox church belivers, adaptation of its tradition and practics, new religious cult inctitualization are indicated in this article as well.

  6. Institutions, Anomie, and Violent Crime: Clarifying and Elaborating Institutional-Anomie Theory

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    Richard Rosenfeld

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A limited but accumulating body of research and theoretical commentary offers support for core claims of the “institutional-anomie theory” of crime (IAT and points to areas needing further development. In this paper, which focuses on violent crime, we clarify the concept of social institutions, elaborate the cultural component of IAT, derive implications for individual behavior, summarize empirical applications, and propose directions for future research. Drawing on Talcott Parsons, we distinguish the “subjective” and “objective” dimensions of institutional dynamics and discuss their interrelationship. We elaborate on the theory’s cultural component with reference to Durkheim’s distinction between “moral” and “egoistic” individualism and propose that a version of the egoistic type characterizes societies in which the economy dominates the institutional structure, anomie is rampant, and levels of violent crime are high. We also offer a heuristic model of IAT that integrates macro- and individual levels of analysis. Finally, we discuss briefly issues for the further theoretical elaboration of this macro-social perspective on violent crime. Specifically, we call attention to the important tasks of explaining the emergence of economic dominance in the institutional balance of power and of formulating an institutional account for distinctive punishment practices, such as the advent of mass incarceration in the United States.

  7. Success and anomy of the corporal

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    Larisa Viktorovna Efimova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The success and its anomichny manifestation in modern society becomes object of research of article. The success represents material prosperity and high position of the person in society, but ways of its achievement connected with knowledge, professionalism, working capacity, ability to make decisions and creativity are held back, negatively affecting interpretative practicians of a phenomenon mass consciousness. In the most Russian society the anomichnost of a state in which the dialectic interrelation of its social and individual modes is highlighted is found today. The anomy acts as an indicator of a mismatch of the purposes and standards of life, causing violations traditional, standard правовового, axiological. And individual acts as the most indicative illustration of an anomichnost of the social corporal as a component of modern success. The corporality is located in a discourse sexual today that involves artificial transformations of a body and as a result brings to a body/corporality razjyatiya from the owner. The success anomichnost situation by means of corporal transformations demands revival reflexive, traditional, moral and legal, restrictions manipulative the practician of mass media.

  8. Personality Value Orientations in Terms of Kyrgyzstan Society Anomie

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    Ruslan M. Asanaliyev

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available All well-known definitions of an anomy extremely precisely approach to a current state Kyrgyz society. The chosen ways under of subjective and objective circumstances lead to society destabilization. During such periods of social development the developed values and valuable orientations can’t be equal to the existing realities, and new weren't created yet up to the end, exactly in such conditions the anomy and deviant behavior most extend. Today to the country deviant behavior of considerable part of the population embodies the destructive tendencies most dangerous. These tendencies must be studied and analyzed.

  9. The Effect of Anomie on Academic Dishonesty among University Students.

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    Caruana, Albert; Ramaseshan, B.; Ewing, Michael T.

    2000-01-01

    Following a review of the literature on anomie and academic dishonesty at the university level, this paper reports on a survey of 300 undergraduate business students in Australia which found the newly developed measure both reliable and valid for measuring actual cheating and plagiarism. Concludes that universities need to foster development of an…

  10. Anomie, the Urban Student, and the Writing Class.

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    Stallard, Charles K.

    New approaches to teaching writing and language development may be the answer to the anomie that is behind so many school problems. For example, the uses of language that are necessary for academic success are also those that help individuals deal with the environment and relate to it. Therefore, the personal use of language is critical for all…

  11. Social Change and Anomie: A Cross-National Study

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    Zhao, Ruohui; Cao, Liqun

    2010-01-01

    We apply Durkheim's social transitional theory to explain the variation of anomie in 30 nations in the world. Combining data from two sources--the 1995 "World Values Survey and the United Nations University's World Income Inequality Database" or WIID--we test the hypothesis that rapid sociopolitical change at the structural level disrupts social…

  12. Black Ghetto Diversity and Anomie: A Sociopolitical View

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    Kapsis, Robert E.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses a study which measured responses to anomie scales across black neighborhoods. Findings indicate that American black urban ghettos include a great variety of subculturally distinct residential areas. Concludes that the most crucial variables are those which determine the relationship between neighborhoods and the citypower structure.…

  13. Crisis of Representation in Wole Soyinka's Season of Anomy

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    Aisha Karim

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Perhaps one of the more consistent elements of Wole Soyinka’s work has been a commitment to an individual will that refuses collective mobilization. Aisha Karim argues that Soyinka’s novel Season of Anomy marks a departure from any commitment as such that opens the text to new political possibilities. But while Season of Anomy presents us with an alternative to the politics and poetics that underlie Soyinka’s dramatic output, Karim maintains that it does so only insofar as it imagines itself as a “failed text.” What emerges as a crisis of representation within the text consequently allows the reader to recognize herself as the agent of change on the level of the social.

  14. Social Structure, Anomie, and National Levels of Homicide.

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    Schaible, Lonnie M; Altheimer, Irshad

    2016-06-01

    Merton's "Social Structure and Anomie" seeks to explain how "socio-cultural" influences exert "definite pressures" to engage in non-conformity. Despite having a significant influence, few studies have assessed the degree to which Merton's propositions explain cross-national variation in levels of crime. Using data on national levels of homicide, data from the World Values Survey, and other structural controls, the present study assesses the degree to which deinstitutionalization, demoralization, and blocked opportunity interact to explain crime cross-nationally. Results provide a high degree of support for Merton's assertion that societal types characterized by relatively high levels of materialism and/or demoralization or deinstitutionalization suffer from higher levels of homicide. However, there is less support for Merton's assertion that inequality interacts with various societal patterns of means/ends integration in a meaningful way. Findings and implications for the utility of classical anomie as a general macro-level theory are discussed. PMID:26216918

  15. Social Structure, Anomie, and National Levels of Homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaible, Lonnie M; Altheimer, Irshad

    2016-06-01

    Merton's "Social Structure and Anomie" seeks to explain how "socio-cultural" influences exert "definite pressures" to engage in non-conformity. Despite having a significant influence, few studies have assessed the degree to which Merton's propositions explain cross-national variation in levels of crime. Using data on national levels of homicide, data from the World Values Survey, and other structural controls, the present study assesses the degree to which deinstitutionalization, demoralization, and blocked opportunity interact to explain crime cross-nationally. Results provide a high degree of support for Merton's assertion that societal types characterized by relatively high levels of materialism and/or demoralization or deinstitutionalization suffer from higher levels of homicide. However, there is less support for Merton's assertion that inequality interacts with various societal patterns of means/ends integration in a meaningful way. Findings and implications for the utility of classical anomie as a general macro-level theory are discussed.

  16. RELIGIOUS ANOMIE AS THE DEVIATION CATALYST IN THE MODERN SOCIETY

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    Alexander Vladislavovich Pletnev

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article features of influence of religion on the individual in the modern society are considered. In the XXI century the religion shows weak ability to execute functions of social control. At the same time the religion remains the major psychological factor which in many respects defines the maintenance of the vital world of individuals. Strengthening of influence of religion as psychological factor allows to study social consequences of this influence. If the classical sociological theory considers religion as a factor certainly constraining an anomy, in modern conditions the religion has rather opposite effect. The Christian religion shows the highest, unrealizable requirements to the individual.As a result of it the individuals strongly subject to influence of Christian values feel ina-bility to correspond to Christian model of ideal human behavior. The variety of religions in the modern society of the western type and conducting interreligious dialogue is other reason of development of religious anomy. The mutual erosion of the valuable and standard bases of each religion turns out to be consequence of this dialogue. In addition, modern society is characterized by essential distinction in understanding individuals of norms and principles of that religion which supporters they are.As for change of functioning of religion as social institute, in this aspect the increasing reorientation of religious institutes of the western society to the market purposes and values is observed. The specified processes in general will lead to increase of deviant behavior due to development of religious anomy.

  17. The Relationship between Anomie, Dogmatism and Selected Personal-Social Factors Among Asocial Adolescent Boys.

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    Ewing, Dorlesa Barmettler

    The study investigated the relationship of anomie and dogmatism to asociality or predelinquency in eleventh-grade Catholic boys. The population consisted of 536 Mexican American, Negro, and Anglo boys in 6 parochial high schools. Instruments used were a student questionnaire, the Jesness Inventory, the Lowe Anomie Scale, and the Rokeach Dogmatism…

  18. Want Amid Plenty: Developing and Testing a Cross-National Measure of Anomie

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    John K. Cochran

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the biggest challenges facing researchers trying to empirically test structural or institutional anomie theories is the operationalization of the key concept of anomie. This challenge is heightened by the data constraints involved in cross-national research. As a result, researchers have been forced to rely on surrogate or proxy measures of anomie and indirect tests of the theories. The purpose of this study is to examine an innovative and more theoretically sound measure of anomie and to test its ability to make cross-national predictions of serious crime. Our results are supportive of the efficacy of this construct to explain cross-national variations in crime rates. Nations with the highest rates of structural anomie also have the highest predicted rates of homicide.

  19. Structural anomie and crime: a cross-national test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochran, John K; Bjerregaard, Beth

    2012-04-01

    Anomie is a highly prominent theoretical construct in macro-social, particularly cross-national, criminological inquiry. Yet despite its prominence, it has proven to be quite elusive with regard to its measurement and, hence, making it nearly impossible to test theoretical hypotheses regarding its predictive efficacy. Although the concept, whether derived from Merton's classic conceptualization or from its current incarnation in the form of institutional anomie as developed by Messner and Rosenfeld, is multidimensional and complex in its theoretical structure, most researchers have attempted to operationalize it through simple, single-item, often surrogate/proxy measures. The present research note attempts to develop a measure that is more consistent with its multidimensional and complex nature. This more complex operationalization is then examined with regard to its efficacy at predicting cross-national levels of both homicide and theft. Our results suggest that that this new operationalization has considerable predictive efficacy, accounting for approximately one third of the variation in the cross-national level of both homicide and theft.

  20. The effect of parent and peer attachment on suicidality: the mediation effect of self-control and anomie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heydari, Arash; Teymoori, Ali; Nasiri, Hedayat

    2015-04-01

    We explore the influence of psycho-social factors including the attachment to parent and peer, self-control, and anomie on suicidality. Research questionnaires were distributed among 336 students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz in Iran. The results demonstrated that mother and peer attachments had an indirect effect on suicidality via self-control and anomie, and self-control had a direct effect on suicidality and an indirect effect via anomie. Self-control and anomie had the most efficient role in the model with a large effect size. Findings are discussed theoretically and with regards to the socio-cultural sphere of Iranian society.

  1. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism (March 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Robène

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of inter-group competition and the construction of identity. One of the main factors in the development of this juvenile violence is the context of social anomie in which these supporters act.

  2. Strategic culture and environmental dimensions as determinants of anomie in publicly-traded and privately-held firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.L. Johnson; K.D. Martin; A. Saini

    2011-01-01

    Anomie is a condition in which normative guidelines for governing conduct are absent. Using survey data from a sample of U.S. manufacturing firms, we explore the impact of internal (cultural) and external (environmental) determinants of organizational anomie. We suggest that four internal organizati

  3. 超越"失范":论涂尔干理论语境中的anomie%Beyond 'Normlessness': On Anomie in the Context of Durkheim' Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于璟; 赵孟营

    2007-01-01

    国内学者在将西方"失范"理论中国化时,对"anomie"这一概念形成了独特的理解,即原有规范失去作用、无规范或越轨行为.但是,这与涂尔干理论中"anomie"的含义并不一致.对这一概念的深入分析,可以反映出欧美"失范"理论流派的差异,以及国内学术界在引用西方理论概念时所受到的社会历史境遇的影响.

  4. Development of suicidality within socioeconomic context: mediation effect of parental control and anomie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heydari, Arash; Teymoori, Ali; Nasiri, Hedayat

    Despite some scientific research on suicide as one of the most serious social and mental health problems in Iran, there is still lack of research on the effective structural and socio-familial factors contributing to the issue in Iran. The purpose of this study is to investigate some of the effective variables conditioning suicidality while also establishing a synthetic model. Three hundred-fifty university students (165 males, 185 females) were randomly chosen from Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran. The participants were asked to complete a package of self-report questionnaires including subjective socioeconomic status (SES), feeling of anomie, perceived parental control, and suicidality. The results show that all correlations among variables are significant. For testing the theoretical model, results of standardized regression coefficients suggest that SES has direct effect on suicidality and indirect effect via anomie and parental control. In addition, parental control has direct effects on suicidality and indirect effect via anomie as well. The findings confirm the expected paths hypothesized among variables which are consistent with the theories of Durkheim, Merton, Kohn, and Agnew. It implies that the development of suicidality takes place within socioeconomic context through the influence of parental control and feeling of anomie.

  5. Sex-Role Change, Anomie and Female Suicide: A Test of Alternative Durkheimian Explanations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Roy L; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Used trend analysis of suicide rate and female/male suicide ratios from 1950 to 1984 and regression of ratio on educational attainment, labor force participation, fertility, and divorce rates to examine explanations for rate changes. General anomie explanation of female suicide trends was supported for middle-aged females; conjugal anomie…

  6. Deviancy from the Norms of Science: The Effects of Anomie and Alienation in the Academic Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braxton, John M.

    1993-01-01

    A study applying anomie theory to behavior of college faculty, especially as alienation from the academic reward system results in deviation from professional norms of communality, disinterestedness, universalism, and organized skepticism, is reported. Implications for use of norms as interpretive devices, ambivalence of academics toward norms,…

  7. Measures of Anomie and Locus-of-Control for Adolescents: Evidence of Factorial Validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Lynda Henley; Klein, Alice E.

    1981-01-01

    Two scales were submitted together for factor analyses in order to determine the extent to which the dimensions of locus of control and anomie were related from the perspective of adolescents. It was concluded that the instruments measure different constructs and are factorially valid when considered together. (Author/AL)

  8. Hostility and anomie: links to preterm delivery subtypes and ambulatory blood pressure at mid-pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiedje, LindaBeth; Holzman, Claudia B; De Vos, Eric; Jia, Xu; Korzeniewski, Steve; Rahbar, Mohammad H; Goble, Monica M; Kallen, David

    2008-03-01

    Underlying maternal vascular disease has been implicated as one of several pathways contributing to preterm delivery (PTD) and psychosocial factors such as hostility, anomie, effortful coping, and mastery may be associated with PTD by affecting maternal vascular health. Using data from the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) study, we included 2018 non-Hispanic White and 743 African American women from 52 clinics in five Michigan, USA communities. Women were interviewed at 15-27 weeks' gestation and followed to delivery. We found that relations between psychosocial factors and PTD subtypes (i.e. medically indicated, premature rupture of membranes, spontaneous labor) varied by race/ethnicity and socio-economic position (Medicaid insurance status). Among African American women not insured by Medicaid, anomie levels in mid-pregnancy were positively associated with medically indicated PTD after adjusting for maternal age and education. Among all women not insured by Medicaid, hostility levels were positively associated with spontaneous PTD after adjusting for maternal race/ethnicity, age, and education. Failure to detect links between psychosocial factors and PTD risk in poorer women may be due to their excess risk in multiple PTD pathways and/or a more complex web of contributing risk factors. In a subset of 395 women monitored for blood pressure, anomie scores were positively associated with systolic blood pressure and heart rate and hostility scores were positively associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and mean arterial pressure in models that included time, awake/asleep, race/ethnicity, and age as covariates. Further adjustment for body mass index and smoking attenuated the anomie-vascular relations but had little effect on the hostility-vascular relations. Overall this study of pregnant women provides some physiologic evidence to support findings linking levels of anomie and hostility with risk of PTD.

  9. The relationship between anomie and participation of Latvian inhabitants in social activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levina J.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate relations between different dimensions of anomie of Latvian inhabitants and their participation in social activities, as well as to find what social activities of Latvian inhabitants best predict their sense of anomie. In this research the secondary data from the third European Quality of Life Survey (European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS, 2012 was used. The Latvian sample consisted of respondents (n = 1009, aged from 18 to 92 years (male – 34.9%, female – 65.1%. To assess anomie three subscales of anomie – Social distrust, Social isolation and Meaninglessness – were used. These subscales [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] were constructed basing on the integrative multidimensional model of anomie, developed by Ļevina, Mārtinsone and Kamerāde [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], and using questions from the third European Quality of Life Survey [7]. To measure social activities, twenty questions of the third European Quality of Life Survey were used. It was found that all three aspects of anomie – social distrust, social isolation and meaninglessness – were negatively associated with such social activities as interaction with others without doing a specific activity with them, doing an activity with others, helping others and contributing to society (civic activities. Contact by phone, the Internet or by post with a brother, sister or other relative best of all predicted social distrust. Contact by phone, the Internet or by post with any of friends or neighbours, as well as with a brother, sister or other relative together with participation in social activities in a club, society, or an association and attending a meeting of a trade union, a political party or political action group best of all predicted social isolation. Meaninglessness best of all could be predicted by contact by phone, the Internet or by post with any of friends or neighbours as well as with brother, sister or other relative and by

  10. Post-socialist anomie through the lens of economic modernization and the formalization of social control

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Swader; Leon Kosals

    2013-01-01

    This paper inquires into how economic modernization impacts normative regulation by spurring, on the one hand (a) formal media of normative regulation (also known as formal social control) in the spheres of politics, economics and interpersonal relations and, on the other hand, (b) informality via the lower density of norms (also known as anomie). This work then asks how these two processes relate to one another. Evidence indicates that modernization is clearly linked to formal media of norma...

  11. Social Anomie and Observance of Traffic Rules (Case Study: Tabriz Drivers)

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Abbaszadeh; Esa Abedini; Mohammad Reza Hasani; Morteza Mobarak Bakhshayesh

    2013-01-01

    IntroductionOne of the social factors influencing law-evading behavior is social distress or feelings of anomie. When society is in a chaotic situation, respecting the law is unenforceable. Previous research has shown how this situation contributes to a state of lawlessness. About the importance of this issue we can say that according to statistics many of road accidents in Iran stem from law-evading behavior and insufficient attention to traffic rules. Comparing the high rates of road accide...

  12. Anomie, Racial Wage, and Critical Aesthetics: Understanding the Negative Externalities of Japanese and Thai Social Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otto F. von Feigenblatt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This short paper concentrates on three powerful ideas introducedby three important theorists, namely, Merton’s interpretation of anomie in America, Fromm’s critical aesthetics regarding man’s consciousness in relation to nature, and finally Du Bois’ concept of the “racial wage” (Lemert, 2004, pp. 218-240. Those theories are then applied to the Japanese phenomenon of the “compensated date” and the Thai “sex industry”.

  13. Effects of anomie, alienation and confidence on antisocial behavior in youth out of school and work system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ángel Vera Noriega

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to establish the antisocial and criminal behavior from perceived social and psychological anomie, alienation and confidence in institutions in young people who are outside the education system and labor in Hermosillo (Sonora, Mexico. The results indicate that psychological and social anomie, alienation and confidence in institutions can explain 28% of the variability in the expression of antisocial and criminal behavior. In addition, three profiles were found that were called adolescents: a tight, b alienated c deinstitutionalized: We conclude that public policies aimed at young people must build trust and seek ways to facilitate them the access to formal education systems.

  14. Hooliganisme : De la question de l’anomie sociale et du déterminisme. Hooliganism: on social anomie and determinism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Robène

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Les violences des foules sportives qui se donnent à voir dans, à proximité ou même parfois loin des stades, communément dénommées hooliganisme, concernent essentiellement les publics juvéniles. A contrario des idées reçues ces violences ne répondent pas à la logique du déterminisme social. Elles prennent source à la « période de latence psychosociale », les jeunes hooligans n’ayant encore ni intégrés, ni rejoints les rôles et les statuts d’adultes empreints de retenue et s’inscrivent dans une logique de concurrence intergroupes et de construction identitaire. Un des facteurs principaux de l’émergence de ces violences juvéniles est le contexte d’anomie sociale dans lequel s’exerce l’activité de ces supporters.The violence exhibited by crowds of sports fans around stadiums and sometimes even far from them, commonly known as hooliganism, is mostly committed by young people. Contrary to beliefs, this violent behavior does not correspond to the logic of social determinism. Its source is to be found in the “period of psychosocial latency”: these young hooligans have not yet assimilated the roles and status of self-controlled adults, nor have they donned them, and their behavior partakes of the logic of inter-group competition and the construction of identity. One of the main factors in the development of this juvenile violence is the context of social anomie in which these supporters act. Full Text

  15. 引文失范研究%Research on Citation Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖方忠

    2013-01-01

    The citation anomie refers that a writer runs against various standards and requirements of the academic community (industry association, organization, or academic research management authority), which are made by the relevant parties according to the laws of the academic development and being con-ducive to academic accumulation and innovation. The types of citation anomie include: unsophisticated, in-complete, unsmooth, ambiguous; excessive and ill-formed. The reason for the citation anomie lies in the lack of scientific citation norms, the absence of ethics, the distortion of education, the referrer's own defects and also the "utilitarian" publishers. To avoid citation anomie, we should establish the citation ethics sys-tem, strengthen publicity and learning, enhance citation knowledge dissemination and increase the citation check (including the notes and references).%引文失范是引用者违背学术共同体(行业协会、组织或学术研究管理机关)根据学术发展规律参与制定的有利于学术积累和创新的关于文献引用(引证)的各种准则和相关要求。引文失范的类型主要有:引而不精、引而不全、引而不通、引而不著、多引少著、引著不矩。引文失范的原因在于引文规范的缺失、科研伦理的缺位、引文教育的失真、引用者自身的缺陷以及出版单位的“功利”追逐。力戒引文失范,应建立引文伦理规范制度、加强引文伦理规范制度的宣传与学习、强化引文知识的宣传普及、增加对引文(含注释及参考文献)的校验。

  16. Personality, Social Skills, Anomie and Delinquency: A Self-Report Study of a Group of Normal Non-Delinquent Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnham, Adrian

    1984-01-01

    Over 200 'normal' adolescents were administered self-report measures of personality (extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism), social skills, anomie, and delinquency in order to establish which of three theories best predicted delinquency. Eysenck's personality factors, particularly psychoticism, correlated most highly with delinquency. (RH)

  17. Managing hope, denial or temporal anomie? Informal cancer carers' accounts of spouses' cancer diagnoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Rebecca Eileen

    2011-09-01

    Carers of cancer patients' emotional responses to cancer diagnoses have been a central focus within psycho-oncology. Some of this literature asserts that the maladaptive coping strategy denial is prevalent amongst carers. Using semi-structured, longitudinal interviews with 32 Australian Capital Territory carers of a spouse with cancer and an interactionist sociology of emotions framework to understanding their emotions, this study aimed to both contribute to the literature on cancer carers' coping strategies and provide a richer sociological depiction of carers' emotional reactions to a cancer diagnosis. The results raise questions about the value of singularly examining denial in cancer carers. Instead, these data suggest that carers use a range of coping strategies in the short-term and do emotion work to adapt to a challenged temporal orientation. The term temporal anomie is offered to describe carers' disrupted orientations in time and facilitate further discussion on the link between time and emotion work. Findings also show the importance of medical professionals' casting of the prognosis, from imminent death to certain future, to this temporal re-orientation and emotion work process. Instead of 'managing hope,' as much of the cancer communication literature describes it, findings suggest that physicians address cancer carers' and patients' temporal anomie. Future research might benefit from moving beyond individualistic conceptualisations of carers' emotions to include the cultural, temporal and interactionist influences.

  18. Social change, institutional anomie, and serious property crime in transitional Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sang-Weon; Pridemore, William Alex

    2005-01-01

    This study examined socioeconomic change, social institutions, and serious property crime in transitional Russia. Durkheim's anomie theory and recent research on violence in Russia led us to expect an association between negative socioeconomic change and property crime. Based upon institutional anomie theory, we also tested the hypothesis that the association between change and crime is conditioned by the strength of non-economic social institutions. Using crime data from the Russian Ministry of the Interior and an index of socioeconomic change, we used OLS regression to estimate cross-sectional models using the Russian regions (n=78) as the unit of analysis. Results surprisingly showed no effect of socioeconomic change on two different measures of robbery, only very limited support for the hypothesis of direct effects of social institutions on crime, and obviously no support for the hypothesis that institutions moderate the effect of change on crime. We interpret these findings in the context of transitional Russia and conclude that rigorous research in other nations is important in determining the generalizability of criminological theories developed to explain crime in Western nations.

  19. 图书馆读者失范行为分析及对策研究%The Library Reader Anomie Behavior Analysis and Countermeasure Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红星

    2014-01-01

    University library reader’s anomie behavior has existed for a long time and becomes a difficult problem in the university library. Based on the survey, this paper sums up the performances of reader’s anomie behavior, analyzes the causes of reader’s anomie behavior, and puts forward some solutions to solve reader’s anomie behavior.%高校图书馆的读者失范行为已经长期存在并成为困扰各高校图书馆的一个难题。在调查的基础上,概括了读者失范行为的表现,分析了读者失范行为的形成原因,并针对这些问题提出了一些应对措施。

  20. Some Thoughts on the Study of Social Anomie%关于社会失范研究的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄谋琛

    2015-01-01

    在国内外学者对社会失范研究综述基础上,探讨失范现象、失范成因和失范治理等相关问题。%Domestic and overseas scholars have made research on social anmomie. Therefore,the phenomenon of anomie, the anomie reasons and governance are all explored systematically on the basis of research review here.

  1. Moral (disorder and social anomie: Concepts of community and society in post-socialist Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simić Marina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is sometimes argued that post-socialist transformation in Europe brought so called “moral disintegration” of local communities. These ideas resonate well with the opinions of many people with whom I worked in Serbia during my fieldwork research in Novi Sad in the mid- 2000s and again in 2013-2014. My informants tend to evoke the Durkheimian idea that society was brought into existence by people’s moral beliefs and sense of obligation towards one another; if this became eroded, society begins to suffer from anomie. In this paper I investigate those widely shared beliefs and the ways they relate to and reveal the ideas about morality, community and society. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177026: Cultural Heritage and Identity

  2. Advancing institutional anomie theory: a microlevel examination connecting culture, institutions, and deviance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftić, Lisa R

    2006-12-01

    Institutional anomie theory (IAT) contends that crime can be explained by an examination of American society, particularly the exaggerated emphasis on economic success inherent in American culture, which has created a "cheating orientation" that permeates structural institutions, including academia. Consistent with its macrosocial perspective, previous tests of IAT have examined IAT variables at the structural level only. The current study tests the robustness of IAT by operationalizing IAT variables at the individual level and looking at a minor form of deviance, student cheating. The author also examines the role statistical modeling has in testing the theory at the microlevel. Undergraduates, 122 American born and 48 international, were surveyed about their cheating behaviors and adherence to economic goal orientations. Results related to the hypothesis that American students, relative to foreign-born students, will have an increased adherence to economic goal orientations that increase cheating behaviors are presented, as are suggestions for future studies.

  3. Assessing the Relevance of Anomie Theory for Explaining Spatial Variation in Lethal Criminal Violence: An Aggregate-Level Analysis of Homicide within the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric P. Baumer

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most influential statements in the anomie theory tradition has been Merton’s argument that the volume of instrumental property crime should be higher where there is a greater imbalance between the degree of commitment to monetary success goals and the degree of commitment to legitimate means of pursuing such goals. Contemporary anomie theories stimulated by Merton’s perspective, most notably Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory, have expanded the scope conditions by emphasizing lethal criminal violence as an outcome to which anomie theory is highly relevant, and virtually all contemporary empirical studies have focused on applying the perspective to explaining spatial variation in homicide rates. In the present paper, we argue that current explications of Merton’s theory and IAT have not adequately conveyed the relevance of the core features of the anomie perspective to lethal violence. We propose an expanded anomie model in which an unbalanced pecuniary value system – the core causal variable in Merton’s theory and IAT – translates into higher levels of homicide primarily in indirect ways by increasing levels of firearm prevalence, drug market activity, and property crime, and by enhancing the degree to which these factors stimulate lethal outcomes. Using aggregate-level data collected during the mid-to-late 1970s for a sample of relatively large social aggregates within the U.S., we find a significant effect on homicide rates of an interaction term reflecting high levels of commitment to monetary success goals and low levels of commitment to legitimate means. Virtually all of this effect is accounted for by higher levels of property crime and drug market activity that occur in areas with an unbalanced pecuniary value system. Our analysis also reveals that property crime is more apt to lead to homicide under conditions of high levels of structural disadvantage. These and other findings underscore the

  4. Understanding the devaluation of vulnerable groups: A novel application of Institutional Anomie Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hövermann, Andreas; Groß, Eva M; Zick, Andreas; Messner, Steven F

    2015-07-01

    Prejudices legitimize the discrimination against groups by declaring them to be of unequal, especially of less, worth. This legitimizing power is highly relevant in social conflicts of modern societies that are governed by market-oriented value systems. However, prejudice research has yet to be linked to sociological discourses on the marketization of society. We argue that Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT), a theory originally developed to explain crime rates, offers a fruitful macro-sociological framework for a better understanding of micro-social prejudices that emerge along with processes of marketization. Extending IAT to explain prejudices in a German study based on survey data offers a first attempt to underpin our theoretical hypotheses with empirical data. Although the results need to be interpreted with due caution, they suggest that the extended IAT model can be usefully applied to explain how a marketized mentality is related to different forms of institutional integration, and how it is conducive to specific prejudices that emerge in market-dominated societies against purported economically burdening social groups.

  5. Writing Prozāk Diaries in Tehran: Generational Anomie and Psychiatric Subjectivities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrouzan, Orkideh

    2015-09-01

    I explore the historical and cultural shifts that underlie the normalization of the term dépréshen and the emergence of public psychiatric discourses in 1990s Iran. I do this by investigating the cultural sensibilities of a particular generation, the self-identified 1980s generation, and the ways they situate what is perceived as dépréshen in social anomie and the memories of the Iran-Iraq war. I argue that psychiatrization of psychological distress in Iran was not simply a de-politicizing hegemonic biomedical discourse, but that the contemporary Iranian discourses of psychological pathology and social loss evolved in public, hand-in-hand, through the medicalization of post-war loss. Psychiatric subjectivity describes conditions where individuals internalize psychiatry as a mode of thinking, and performatively articulate not only their desires, hopes, and anxieties, but also historical losses as embodied in individual and collective brains. I underscore my interlocutors' simultaneous historicization and medicalization of their dépréshen, arguing that psychiatrically medicalized individuals are performative actors in the discursive formation of both biomedical and social truth. Dépréshen, in the larger sense of the word, has become one way to navigate ruptured pasts, slippery presents, and uncertain futures.

  6. [Social anomie and the renewed increase of mental health problems at the work place].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentier-Roy, M C

    1995-01-01

    Several studies on mental health in the workplace show a renewed increase of mental health problems. These problems, related to workplace relations, present social causes of a much larger degree; for instance, the social anomy afflicting Québec is rippling through the workplace, much like what many other industrialized societies are experiencing during this end of century. The sensitive social balance, in principle under the responsibility of social institutions and government, has given business the opportunity to occupy a central position and become the major forum for an individual's search for identity. This centrality carries with it a certain number of strong contradictions and disappointments because, in spite of the rhetoric and its illusions, corporations are loyal to economic logic and take a perverse ownership of one of the individual's most important values, namely the quest and desire to be defined as a person and to be acknowledged as such. As a result, individuals often find themselves in a fragile state, at times even left with deconstructed psyches.

  7. The lesser cotton leafworm, Anomis impasta (Guenée (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, in cotton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta L. dos Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Anomis impasta (Guenée is a species that shows remarkable morphological and behavioral similarities with the cotton leafworm Alabama argillacea (Hübner. During two growing cotton seasons, A. impasta was observed feeding on leaves and flower bracts of cotton and monitored. Furthermore, a study was conducted under laboratory conditions to generate biological information about this species with larvae feeding cotton squares and leaves. Larvae fed on cotton squares exhibited delayed development (18.5 ± 0.18 days and lower pupal weight (140.8 ± 2.26 mg compared to larvae fed on cotton leaves (14.0 ± 0.07 days and 169.3 ± 2.06 mg. Thus, one generation cycle of A. impasta was obtained by feeding the larvae with cotton leaves. The mean (minimum-maximum values for the duration of eggs, larvae and pupae were: 3.0 (3-4, 14.8 (14-18, and 9.7 (7-14 days, respectively. The viability of the eggs, larvae, and pupae were 43.7, 98.3, and 94.7%, respectively. Females lived on average 25.2 days (ranging from 15 to 37 days and produced 869 eggs (from 4 to 1,866 eggs. The successful development and reproduction of A. impasta on cotton, especially, on the cotton leaves, suggest the potential of this species to reach a pest status in cotton. The similarities with A. argillacea, as discussed in this study, can be one of the reasons for low reference to A. impasta in the field. Therefore, the information provided here will allow researchers and growers to distinguish these two cotton defoliators.

  8. MDR-TB, Isolation, and Anomie: Has Anyone Referred to Social Work? : Comment on "The Ethics of Isolation for Patients With Tuberculosis in Australia".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Krista N

    2016-03-01

    MDR-TB and admission to isolation can induce a situation in which individuals are normless, unable to achieve the social goals that they have learned to pursue. Described as anomie, this situation can induce deviant behaviour. Addressing the psychosocial ethics of MDR-TB and isolation, this paper responds to the call for consideration of resource allocation and liberty.

  9. The Anomie and Adjustment of Teachers’ Role%教师角色的失范与调适

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成林; 王剑兰; 杨翠

    2012-01-01

    In the history,teachers’ status has been changed dramatically.In reality,the teachers play multiple roles.They are educationists,education reformers,student managers and so on.It made teachers confused.Role anomie is a new problem.Society,government,schools,teacher and other factors play important roles in the anomie adjustment.%纵观历史,教师地位大起大落,天地君亲师与下九流、臭老九等说法透露出教师地位差异巨大。在现实社会中,教师扮演着多重角色(教育者、教学改革者、学生管理者等),多重角色也给教师职业带来了诸多困惑。角色失范是当代教师职业面临的新难题,社会、政府、学校、教师自身等因素在教师多重角色失范的调适中具有重要作用。

  10. La anomia en las novelas de crímenes en Colombia The anomie in colombian crime novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Forero Quintero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone el análisis de algunas novelas colombianas escritas entre los años 1990 y 2005 a partir de teoría de la anomia. Para ello, el autor ofrece una consideración de lo que es la anomia; en segundo lugar, explica la pertinencia del concepto para la literatura y, en tercer lugar, lo aplica a algunas de esas novelas. Finalmente, a partir de tal metodología, propone una caracterización de lo que denomina la novela de crímenes en Colombia.This paper proposes an analysis of some Colombian novels written between 1990 and 2005 based on anomie theory. From this sociological perspective, it defines the Crime Novel genre. Thus, the author provides a brief account of what anomie is. Secondly, he explains this concept in literature and, third, he applies it to contemporary Colombian novels. Finally, he proposes a characterization of the Crime Novel.

  11. 试论高校图书馆大学生读者行为失范的教育管理%Education Management Countermeasures for Student Readers ’ Anomie Behaviors in University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕絮影

    2015-01-01

    大学生读者行为失范是一个长期困扰大学图书馆管理与服务的突出问题。阐述了大学生读者失范行为的表现,分析了大学生读者失范行为的成因,提出了大学生读者失范行为的教育管理对策。%The behavior anomie is a long-standing problem in library’s management and service. This paper expounds the performances of anomie behaviors of student readers, analyzes the causes of student readers’ anomie behaviors, and puts forward some countermeasures for the educational management of student readers’ anomie behaviors.

  12. 试论高校图书馆大学生读者行为失范的教育管理%Education Management Countermeasures for Student Readers ’ Anomie Behaviors in University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕絮影

    2015-01-01

    The behavior anomie is a long-standing problem in library’s management and service. This paper expounds the performances of anomie behaviors of student readers, analyzes the causes of student readers’ anomie behaviors, and puts forward some countermeasures for the educational management of student readers’ anomie behaviors.%大学生读者行为失范是一个长期困扰大学图书馆管理与服务的突出问题。阐述了大学生读者失范行为的表现,分析了大学生读者失范行为的成因,提出了大学生读者失范行为的教育管理对策。

  13. Soon, later, or ever? The impact of anomie and social capital on fertility intentions in Bulgaria (2002) and Hungary (2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philipov, Dimiter; Spéder, Zsolt; Billari, Francesco C

    2006-11-01

    We use survey data from Bulgaria and Hungary to investigate the determinants of whether women intend to have a first or a second child and, if so, whether they intend to have the child within the ensuing 2 years or later. These determinants differ significantly by the order and timing of the intended birth. The variables used include measures of anomie and social capital and these appear to be among the factors that determine both whether to have a child and when. There is some evidence that these measures and economic factors are relatively more important in Bulgaria than in Hungary, and that ideational factors are more important in Hungary, particularly in the case of voluntary childlessness.

  14. Anomic Strain and External Constraints: A Reassessment of Merton's Anomie/Strain Theory Using Data From Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonaccio, Olena; Smith, William R; Gostjev, Feodor A

    2015-09-01

    This study provides a new assessment of Merton's anomie/strain theory and fills in several gaps in the literature. First, using the data from the sample of adolescents in an especially suitable and interesting setting, post-Soviet Ukraine, it investigates the applicability of the theory to this context and reveals that predictive powers of anomic strain may be influenced by larger sociocultural environments. Second, it evaluates the possibility of theoretical elaboration of Merton's theory through identifying contingencies such as external constraints on behavior and finds limited support for moderating effects of perceptions of risks of sanctioning and social bonds on anomic strain-delinquency relationships. Finally, it confirms that additional clarifications of the concept of anomic strain may be promising.

  15. 关于师德失范的思考与对策%Thoughts and Countermeasures on Teachers' Morality Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴高波

    2012-01-01

    Teachers' morality anomie in universities and colleges has caught wide social attention and doubt.The correct recognition of its connotation,analyzing its present situation and origin,taking effective measures to strengthen teachers' moral construction are of great significance to establish high-qualified teaching staff and promote intellectuals' qualities.%高校师德失范问题已引起社会广泛关注和质疑,正确认识师德规范内涵,认真分析师德现状及失范的根源,采取有效措施加强师德建设,对造就高素质专业化教师队伍,提高人才培养质量将产生积极深远的影响。

  16. On the Anomie of University Values and Its Governance%大学价值失范及其治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪才

    2016-01-01

    大学治理的目的无疑是为了使大学人充分享受学术生活的乐趣,坚持以知识追求为志业。大学出现的价值失范现象则使大学人感受到知识追求仅仅是工具而非目的。造成大学价值失范的原因很多,但从本质上说则是学术自主性的失却,“双肩挑”制度可能是始作俑者,而教授会功能失调和校长角色定位偏颇则发挥了推波助澜的作用。治理大学价值失范需要走法治化道路,需要从完善大学独立法人制度、健全大学章程和改变单位制的管理模式进行突破。%The aim of governing the university is to enjoy the academic life and acquire knowledge,whereas the phenomenon of the university value anomie makes people feel learning knowledge only as the tool instead of the purpose. Many reasons,however,may contribute to it,basically it is the anomie of the academic autonomy. The“double shoulder task”system may be the initiator,among which the disorder of the professors and the pres-idents makes stronger. To run it well,we should take the way of legalization,complete the system of independent administrative corporation,improve the university regulations,and change the governing mode.

  17. Is the Market Eroding Moral Norms? A Micro-analytical Validation of Some Ideas of Anomie Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eckhard Burkatzki

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Anomie theorists have been reporting the suppression of shared welfare orientations by the overwhelming dominance of economic values within capitalist societies since before the outset of neoliberalism debate. Obligations concerning common welfare are more and more often subordinated to the overarching aim of realizing economic success goals. This should be especially valid with for social life in contemporary market societies. This empirical investigation examines the extent to which market imperatives and values of the societal community are anchored within the normative orientations of market actors. Special attention is paid to whether the shape of these normative orientations varies with respect to the degree of market inclusion. Empirical analyses, based on the data of a standardized written survey within the German working population carried out in 2002, show that different types of normative orientation can be distinguished among market actors. These types are quite similar to the well-known types of anomic adaptation developed by Robert K. Merton in “Social Structure and Anomie” and are externally valid with respect to the prediction of different forms of economic crime. Further analyses show that the type of normative orientation actors adopt within everyday life depends on the dregree of market inclusion. Confirming anomie theory, it is shown that the individual willingness to subordinate matters of common welfare to the aim of economic success—radical market activism—gets stronger the more actors are included in the market sphere. Finally, the relevance of reported findings for the explanation of violent behavior, especially with view to varieties of corporate violence, is discussed.

  18. 浅析大学生道德失范现象及对策%On anomie phenomenon and Countermeasures of College Students morality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞军

    2013-01-01

    当代大学生道德失范现象是一个不容回避的话题,近年来,在各地大学生中发生的一些道德失范现象引起了人们的关注。本文分析了大学生道德失范的几种现象,并探索了可行性的建议和对策。%The contemporary college students' moral anomie phenomenon is an unavoidable topic, in recent years, occurring in and around the university students in some moral anomie phenomenon caused the attention of people. This paper analyzes some phenomena of college student s moral norm, and to explore the feasibility of the suggestions and countermeasures.

  19. The Professional Ethics Anomie of Librarians and Its Governance%高校图书馆员职业道德失范及其治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小芳

    2015-01-01

    图书馆员职业道德失范问题是高校图书馆信息服务活动中必须要解决的重大问题。本文总结了当前高校图书馆员职业道德失范的主要表现,剖析了导致馆员职业道德失范的多种因素,积极探索了解决伦理道德失范的对策,以促进其健康发展。%The professional ethics anomie of librarians is a major problem need to be solved in library information service. This paper summarized the major performances of such anomie, and analyzed its various causes, and then actively explored the measures to solve this problem, so as to promote the healthy development of librarians’professional ethics.

  20. The Law and Economics Analysis on Anomie in College Admissions Competition%高校招生竞争失范的法律经济学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡成华

    2016-01-01

    Anomie in college admissions competition is the product of specific background, whose forms include misleading propagand, high paid for admission, damaging the reputation of others. Anomie causes great transaction costs, so the government should undertake governance. The causes of the anomie include information asymmetry, comparative gain from the prisoner's dilemma, the lack of competition law. Following the Coase Theorem and Hobbes Theorem on the law and economics, it is necessary to perfect relevant legislation as soon as possible, to dredge the channel for information transmission in college admissions, to increase colleges' opportunity cost of illegal behavior,so the anomie behavior can be contained.%高校招生竞争失范行为是特定背景下的产物,表现为虚假宣传、高额有偿招生、声誉诋毁等多种形式。招生竞争失范导致了巨大的交易成本,需要政府出面进行治理。失范原因包括双方信息不对称、存在基于囚徒困境的比较收益、竞争法律制度缺失等。遵循法律经济学上的科斯定理和霍布斯定理,要尽快完善相关立法,打通招生领域的信息渠道,增加高校违法招生竞争的机会成本,以遏制失范行为的发生。

  1. 高校档案管理失范及对策研究%On Archives Administration Anomie and Countermeasures in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁颢

    2016-01-01

    信息技术的发展对高校档案管理工作提出了更高的要求,但是,目前我国的高校档案管理中依然存在着严重的失范现象。为了保证高校档案信息的完整性,提高学校的竞争力,需要对档案管理工作中的失范现象进行控制。本文就高校档案管理工作的重要性及其存在的失范现象进行分析,并探究应对这一现象的对策措施。%The development of information technology puts forward higher request to the archives management in colleges, but serious anomie exists in archives management. In order to guarantee the integrity of college archives information and improve the competitiveness of the colleges, it is necessary to control the anomie phenomenon. The importance of the archives management in colleges is analyzed and explores the countermeasures to deal with anomie.

  2. Volcanic Theory of Behavior Anomie of Intendants%公职人员行为失范的火山理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠云召; 孙培熙

    2011-01-01

    近年来,在学术界关于公职人员行为失范问题的研究可谓硕果累累.虽然关于"失范"的很多问题在学术界已经形成了定论,但是到目前为止,就该问题的研究还没有形成一个系统的理论.综百家之说,取众人之长.在此,提出公职人员行为失范的"火山理论",旨在系统地阐明问题之根源,找到解决问题的切入点.%In recent years. the research on the issue of behavior anomie of intPndants in the academia can be descrihed as fruitful. Although there are many research results about anomie in the academia, there is not a systematic theory until now. Synthesizing the various theories and selecting strong points, the paper puts forward the volcano theory on behavior anomie of intendants for expounding the roots and finding out the breakthrough of resolving the problems.

  3. 审判权的失范及其治理%The Anomie and Its Governance on Jurisdiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莺

    2016-01-01

    In the jurisdiction process, there exits the Anomie phenomenon. To be specific, at the macro level, it is reflected by the absence and fracture of rules and at the micro level, it refers to the deviance of jud⁃ges. The absence of rules refers to lack of laws for the judges to follow, so they could not form a consistent un⁃derstanding while dealing with cases which inevitably leads to disagreements. Fracture of rules means the func⁃tions of law and regulations being weakened which increases the risk of judges’ misconduct. Deviance of jud⁃ges means the judge abusing discretionary power, and sometimes even surpassing the existing legislation inten⁃tionally or unintentionally. The anomie of jurisdiction is rooted in the too loose legal system, the less regulation of judges, complicated judicial domain and conflicts of roles of judges. The governance of anomie of jurisdic⁃tion should focus on completing legal system, re-building the roles of judges and regulating the conducts of judges from knowledge, moral and trail system.%审判权运行过程中一定程度上存在失范现象,具体表现为宏观层面上规范本身的缺席与虚置以及微观层面上法官的偏差行为。规范缺席意指无法可依,导致法官无所适从,难以形成一致认识,在处理结果上必然产生分歧。规范虚置意指司法领域中出现法律的地位被矮化和规范作用被削弱的现象,导致法官行为失范的风险加大。法官的偏差行为意指审判权运行中法官滥用自由裁量权甚至有意或无意地超越、偏离既有立法。审判权失范的根源在于法律体系过于粗疏、法官行为规约机制存在不足、司法场域的复杂以及当前法官角色定位的矛盾性。对审判权失范的治理应针对性进行,包括完善立法体系,重新定位法官角色以及从知识、道德、审判制度等多个层面强化对法官行为的规约。

  4. 新媒体角色失范与网络谣言的内在关联%The Inherent Relationship between the New Media Anomie and Online Rumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东冬

    2016-01-01

    In the Internet age,the new media anomie disturbed the development of the network ecological environment,and has become an important issue affecting the development of new media and social development. The new media anomies include the information distortion,public opinion orientation anomie,amplified public opinion supervision right,ethic and moral anomie,control anomie,and so on.There is a close connection between the new media anomie and the online rumors spreading,which provides the information source, technological platform,psychological and cultural basis for the breeding and spreading of the online rumors.To regulate the development of new media is not only the inevitable requirement of the development of media convergence,but also an effective channel to control online rumors.%互联网时代,新媒体角色失范干扰了网络生态环境的发展,日益成为影响新媒体发展和社会发展的重要问题。新媒体角色失范表现在信息失真、舆论导向失范、舆论监督权利被无限放大、伦理道德失范、管控失范等多方面。新媒体角色失范与网络谣言传播有着紧密的内在关联,为网络谣言的滋生和蔓延提供了信息源、技术平台、心理根源和文化基础。规范新媒体的发展,既是媒体融合发展的必然要求,又是治理网络谣言的有效渠道。

  5. The Inherent Relationship between the New Media Anomie and Online Rumors%新媒体角色失范与网络谣言的内在关联

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东冬

    2016-01-01

    互联网时代,新媒体角色失范干扰了网络生态环境的发展,日益成为影响新媒体发展和社会发展的重要问题。新媒体角色失范表现在信息失真、舆论导向失范、舆论监督权利被无限放大、伦理道德失范、管控失范等多方面。新媒体角色失范与网络谣言传播有着紧密的内在关联,为网络谣言的滋生和蔓延提供了信息源、技术平台、心理根源和文化基础。规范新媒体的发展,既是媒体融合发展的必然要求,又是治理网络谣言的有效渠道。%In the Internet age,the new media anomie disturbed the development of the network ecological environment,and has become an important issue affecting the development of new media and social development. The new media anomies include the information distortion,public opinion orientation anomie,amplified public opinion supervision right,ethic and moral anomie,control anomie,and so on.There is a close connection between the new media anomie and the online rumors spreading,which provides the information source, technological platform,psychological and cultural basis for the breeding and spreading of the online rumors.To regulate the development of new media is not only the inevitable requirement of the development of media convergence,but also an effective channel to control online rumors.

  6. 新闻评论失范现象探析%News Comment Anomies. A Probing Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英

    2012-01-01

    Scholars of journalistic ethics research mainly focuses on the acquisition and cataloguing, and ignore the related news ethics research. In particular operations, news comments may have three kinds of ethical problems. The first is in fact the quote, the second is the demonstration of the logical, and the third is attitude. Several specific news commentary anomie phenomena as the realistic background, are combined with the corresponding industry standard, the news review of the ethical responsibility to be dis- cussed.%学界对新闻伦理的研究主要偏重于采编环节,而忽略了与之相关的新闻评论伦理研究。在具体操作中,新闻评论可能产生三类伦理问题:其一是在事实的引述方面,其二是在论证的逻辑方面,其三是在评论的态度方面。通过几个具体的新闻评论失范现象作为现实背景,结合相应的业界规范,对新闻评论的伦理责任作尝试性的探讨。

  7. 旅游者道德失范现象研究%The tourists moral anomie phenomenon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳

    2015-01-01

    改革开放三十年来,我国的经济取得了飞速的发展,伴随着经济的飞速发展,人们的生活水平得到了极大的提高,在物质生活得到极大发展的同时,人们开始追求精神生活的享受,因此,随着人们需求的不断增多,我国的旅游业取得了巨大的发展,然而,伴随着旅游的发展,在我国的旅游当中,一些旅游者道德失范现象的发生也会经常遇到。%Since reform and opening-up, our country's economy has achieved rapid development, with the rapid development of economy, people's living standard has been greatly improved, at the same time of material life gets great development, people began to pursue the enjoyment of the spiritual life, therefore, with the increasing of people demand, China's tourism industry has achieved great development, however, with the development of tourism, tourism in our country, some tourists will often meet with moral anomie phenomenon happened.

  8. Social Structural Effects on the Level and Development of the Individual Experience of Anomie in the German Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eldad Davidov

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Can one observe an increasing level of individual lack of orientation because of rapid social change in modern societies? This question is examined using data from a representative longitudinal survey in Germany conducted in 2002–04. The study examines the role of education, age, sex, region (east/west, and political orientation for the explanation of anomia (micro level and its development. First we present the different sources of anomie in modern societies, based on the theoretical foundations of Durkheim and Merton, and introduce the different definitions of anomia, including our own cognitive version. Then we deduce several hypotheses from the theory, which we test by means of longitudinal data for the period 2002–04 in Germany using the latent growth curve model as our statistical method. The empirical findings show that all the sociodemographic variables, including political orientation, are strong predictors of the initial level of anomia. Regarding the development of anomia (macro level over time (2002–04, only the region (west has a significant impact. In particular, the results of a multi-group analysis show that people from West-Germany with a right-wing political orientation become more anomic over this period. The article concludes with some theoretical implications.

  9. 从理性精神谈道德失范现象及其对策%On the Moral Anomie from the Perspective of Rationality and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌加英

    2015-01-01

    道德失范是历史发展过程中的普遍现象,对于转型期的中国而言,这一现象更为典型和广泛,主要表现为“道德人”特质的逐渐淡化。从理性精神的启蒙和发展角度入手分析和探讨道德失范的原因有助于深化对这一现象的研究,理性精神启蒙的缺陷和发展的偏向导致了个人及其社会化行为的非道德化。制度供给与理性规范、舆论整合与理性引导、自我反思与理性累进是国家、社会与个人三个层面理性重建的可行途径,也是对道德失范现象的有效对策。%Moral anomie is a common phenomenon in the historical development, which is more typical and widespread in the transitional period in China.The main performance is the weakening of the quality of "moral man".The reasons of moral anomie are explored from the perspective of the development and enlightenment of rational spirit, which helps to deepen the research.The defect in the enlightenment of rational spirit and the development tendency in the rational spirit lead to the immorality of individual behaviors and their social behaviors. System supply and rational norms, media integration and rational guidance, self reflection and rational progressive is the feasible way to reconstruct rationality,and make an effective response to moral anomie from three levels of state,society and individuals.

  10. THE «COLOR REVOLUTIONS» IN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL ANOMIE: SYMPTOMS OF DEVIATIONS IN THE SOCIALIZATION OF THE MODERN CITIZEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stepan Gennadevich Chukhin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: the article analyzes the nature, characteristics and causes of socio-cultural anomie. We study the symptoms of deviations in the socialization of the modern citizen.Methodology: prediction.Results: the article analyzes the role of destructive social movements that use the techno-logy of «color revolutions» for the devaluation of civic traditions in modern citizen socialization.Practical implications: materials article may be of interest to researchers of the theory of civic education.

  11. On Contemporary Higher Vocational Students' Anomie Acts and Its Education Countermeasures%当代高职学生失范行为及其教育对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许利芹

    2011-01-01

    基于我校高职学生逐渐增多,学生的失范行为时有发生,学生的管理难度加大,笔者进行了一些思考,并提出了一些教育对策。%For the reason that the number of vocational students is gradually increasing in my school and the students' anomie acts have occurred occasionally,the management of students is becoming more and more difficult.The author has done some thinking and made several educational countermeasures.

  12. 幼儿教师职业道德失范透析%Analysis on Anomie of Occupational Morality of Preschool Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爽

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the content and performance of anomie of occupational morality of preschool teacher, based on the concept"anomie"from Durkheim. On this basis, it discusses the reason of extreme events on kindergarten from the points of sociology, pedagogy and psychology, and then proposes some suggestions to reconstruct the occupational morality of preschool teacher.%本文以涂尔干的“失范”概念为逻辑起点,深入分析了幼儿教师职业道德失范的涵义及其表现。在此基础上,本文试图从社会学、教育学、心理学角度探讨在校园过激事件中,造成幼儿教师职业道德失范的相关原因,进而提出幼儿教师职业道德重构的几点建议。

  13. 试析中国新闻失范的政治整合%Political Integration in China's Journalism Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周俊

    2011-01-01

    本文基于社会整合的视角,分析了中国新闻失范中政治整合与新闻业、新闻传媒和新闻从业者之间的关系。文章认为,在中国目前政治力量对新闻业准单向度一元的控制中,新闻业的政治整合是不协调的,现实存在的“政治禁忌”迫使新闻传媒及其从业者在实践中采取主动和被动的应对路径,以及新闻传媒的组织管理和行为规范的行政化,是形成我国新闻失范状态的重要的体制性根源。%On the basis of social integration theories, political integration and journalism, media, journalists in political integration, such as "political taboo" and which cause journalism anomie. the paper analyses the relationship in journalism anomie between in China's transformation period. It points out that the dissonance bureaucracy-like media, may be one of the vital system elements

  14. Research on College students' network moral anomie and countermeasures%大学生网络道德失范与应对措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东

    2013-01-01

    The popularity of the Internet provides abundant resources for college students to learn, but its open and free features made it easier for the college students' network moral anomie behavior, lead to part of the college students' moral values vulgar, legal consciousness weakening and the network psychological abnormal. So we should improve the network of laws and regulations, strengthen the network management and college students' network moral education, such as to reduce the happening of the college students' network moral anomie behavior.%互联网的普及为大学生成长学习提供了丰富的资源,但其开放自由的特点使得大学生容易产生网络道德失范行为,导致部分大学生道德价值观低俗、法制意识弱化和网络心理异常。应通过完善网络法律法规、加强网络监督管理和强化大学生网络道德教育等对策来减少大学生网络道德失范行为的发生。

  15. 大学生网络行为道德失范及教育对策%College Students’ Moral Anomie on Network and Education Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何桂芳

    2014-01-01

    网络环境的开放性和隐蔽性,导致大学生在网络游戏、网络论坛、网络语言、网络交友等方面出现道德失范现象,这种失范现象主要由大学生自身、学校道德教育、网络环境等方面原因引起。做好大学生网络道德教育工作,应在加强大学生道德自律、学校教育和社会管理等方面采取措施。%The openness and concealment of the network environment tend to lead to college students' moral anomie on online game, online BBS, network language, online dating, etc. Such online anomie is mainly caused by students themselves, college moral education, network environment, etc. Therefore, in order to do a good job in college students' network moral education, it is proposed to take measures to strengthen college students' moral self-discipline, focus on school education and social management.

  16. The Forms of Judicial Anomie in China and Its Correction%中国司法失范形态及其矫正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩

    2016-01-01

    “Anomie” is originally a concept in sociology. It was first put forward by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim, and the American scholar Morton developed the theory later on. Introduing “anomie” into the judicial field can vividly describe the problems that exist in the judicial operation. Judicial anomie is the state that the judicial practice gets out of the judicial rules control due to the imbalance of cultural goals and institutionalized means. Judicial anomie behaviors in the progress of the jurisdiction are still common, such as judicial anomie, lack of legal norms, lack of ability of specification.This has not only severely eroded the judi⁃cial authority of China, but also damaged the vital interests of the people.To rectify the anomie phenomenon in the process of judicial power operation, we can perfect the legal system, strengthen the judicial punishment mechanism and improve the quality of the law. Only defining the behaviors and correcting the judicial anomie can reinstate the judicial authority and protect the rights and interests of citizens.%“失范”原本是社会学中的概念,最早是由法国社会学家涂尔干提出的,而后美国学者默顿发展了此理论。将“失范”一词引入司法中,能够形象地描述中国司法运行中的问题。司法失范是指司法过程中存在的因文化目标与制度化手段的不平衡而导致的司法行为与司法规则的离散状态。在中国司法权运行过程中,存在司法失范现象,具体表现为司法规范之阙如、司法规范之不能、司法权力之滥用,这些不仅严重侵蚀了中国的司法权威,而且损害了人民的切身利益。针对中国司法权运行过程中出现的失范现象,可以从完善司法体系、强化司法惩戒机制、提高司法者素质等方面进行矫正。只有明确中国司法失范的表现形式及其矫正方式,才能重建中国的司法权威、保障公民权利。

  17. 大学生学术道德失范行为的剖析与治理%Analysis and Management of College Students' Academic Moral Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹祝寿; 尹慧

    2015-01-01

    The academic moral anomie in universities is becoming increasingly serious with various forms spreading on campus in recent years, and it influences college students who have just entered the gate of academic research severely, gradually corrupting academic atmosphere as well as college spirit. The paper gives an exploration of the current situation of college students' academic moral anomie and various forms of such performance, and also provides an analysis of causes that may lead to academic moral anomie: the improper pursuit of quick success and instant benefit causing the dissimilation of college students' academic research purpose, the supervision mechanism of college students' academic moral not being complete, their own moral not being well cultivated. According to the problems, measures like rectifying academic atmosphere, improving the self-discipline of the students' academic moral are proposed to restrain such performance.%近年来,高校学术不正之风十分严重,学术道德失范行为肆意蔓延,给刚刚步入学术之门的大学生带来了非常恶劣的影响,败坏了学风和校风。本文梳理了大学生学术道德失范行为现状及种种表现,分析了造成大学生道德失范的原因:急功近利的不良社会风气导致大学生学术研究的目的变异,高校学生学术道德监管机制尚不健全,学生自身学术道德修养不高。针对存在的问题,探寻有效措施,端正学风,提升学术主体的道德自律,遏制学生学术道德失范行为。

  18. College students' academic ethics and anomie%大学生学术道德规范与失范的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一帆; 李赫然; 刘思邑

    2015-01-01

    当前我国学术不端行为广泛存在,学术的不端行为是个人诚信问题,更牵涉到学风的建设。针对我国学术道德规范中存在的问题,阐述在当今高校中的学术失范现象和原因,就学术规范与失范提出应对方式和方法。%The academic misconduct exists widely in our country, academic misconduct is a personal credit problems, more involved in the construction of study style. Aiming at problems existing in the academic ethics, in today's university academic dishonesty phenomenon and reason of the academic norms and anomie ways and methods are put forward.

  19. 浅谈图书馆之读者行为失范现象%On the Behavior Anomie Phenomenon of the Library Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红星

    2014-01-01

    Through the observation and analysis of the libraries, this paper talks about the behavior anomie phenomenon of the readers in the library. At the same time, from different point of view, the author hopes to warn the readers, thus creating good cultural atmosphere in the library.%本文通过对图书馆的观察分析,浅谈读者在图书馆中的各种失范行为现象,同时从各种不同角度进行分析,进行希望对广大读者有所警示,营造出图书馆良好的文化氛围。

  20. Study of the Reasons and Countermeasures fo the College Students’ Anomie Behavior%大学生竞争失范行为产生的原因及矫治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冬

    2014-01-01

    在经济全球化,文化多元化的大环境下,当代大学生也面临着严峻的挑战,在激烈的竞争中产生了一些失范行为。分析了大学生竞争失范行为产生的原因,进而提出了矫治的方法。%Under the circumstance of the economic globalization and cultural diversity , the contemporary university students are facing with severe challenges , and some anomie behaviors are adopted in the fierce competition .The reasons of the students ’ anomie behavior were analyzed and the treatment methods were put forward in this paper .

  1. The Research on the Academic Anomie of the Graduate Students from Government Regulation Perspective%政府规制视角下研究生学术失范治理策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原芳

    2015-01-01

    At present ,academic anomie of the graduate students has drawn attention to the government administration ,the academic institution and the social public opinion .This paper analysis the source of ac‐ademic anomie of the graduate students ,and puts forward the management strategy from the government regulation perspective .%当前,日益蔓延的研究生学术失范现象引起了政府管理部门、学术机构和社会舆论的高度关注。本文在分析了研究生学术失范现象产生根源的基础上,从政府规制的视角,探索研究生学术失范的治理策略,以期为我国研究生学术失范的有效治理拓展思路。

  2. On the Causes and Countermeasures of Students' Anomie Answering in Ideological and Moral Course%论思想品德课学生答题失范的原因及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫丽珍

    2012-01-01

    With the deepening of ability-orientated assessment in basic ideological and moral education,students' anomie answering is more and more obvious.This paper analyzes the causes of students' anomie answering and proposes countermeasures to cultivate students' answering ability.%随着能力化考核在基础教育思想品德课考试中的深入贯彻,学生答题规范化的问题也日益显现和暴露出来。分析学生答题失范的原因,提出培养学生规范答题的能力,是本文所要探讨的。

  3. A BRIEF ANALYSIS ON THE ENLIGHTENMENT FROM THE THEORY OF ANOMIE IN SOCIOLOGY TO SOCIETY TRANSFORMATION IN CHINA%浅析社会学失范理论对我国社会转型期的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕丽丽

    2012-01-01

    China is currently in the stage of society transformation, so different kinds of systems and structures change inevitably and social anomie behaviors are easily caused. This paper makes an elementary discussion on anomie behaviors (social deviant behaviors) in the sociology sense and the meaning, the type and the function of social control. Moreover, it analyzes sociologists Durkheim and Merton' s Theory of Social Anomie and discusses the inherent relationship between their theory and our society' s transformation. In the end, some constructive measures are put forward to solve the problem of social anomie behaviors in our society' s transformation, name- ly strengthening culture (soft power) construction, making social order rational, transforming thinking pattern and so on.%我国正处于社会转型期,各种体制与结构必然出现变动,社会失范行为容易产生。本文初步探讨了社会学意义上的失范行为(社会越轨行为)和社会控制的含义、类型及功能,分析了社会学家迪尔凯姆和默顿的社会失范理论,并探讨二者的理论与我国转型期的内在联系,针对我国转型期出现的社会失范行为提出了几点建设性措施,即:加强文化软实力建设、促进社会秩序理性化、转变思维方式等。

  4. Occupational Dissonance and Anomie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thain, Richard J.

    1970-01-01

    Too many people, young and old, are prisoners and misfits in their careers. More adequate placement counseling, and greater understanding of the individual are needed to eliminate this waste in these changing times. (Author)

  5. 体育道德失范的表现及伦理救援%Sport moral anomie expressions and ethic rescue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于英; 戴红磊

    2013-01-01

    As sports professionalization and commercialization gradually becomes the theme of modern sport de-velopment, sport morals as the major ideology therein are misplaced or lost in the dying in the social environment. Based on their analysis of sport moral anomie behavior expressions, the authors concluded that the lack of the ac-cumulation of traditional morals, the lack of the arousing of sport spirits, the lack of people oriented appeals, and the lack of the perfection of restraint mechanisms, were fundamental reasons for sport moral anomie. Based on the said conclusion, the authors put forward the following ethic rescue strategies: rebuild the sport ethic principle which bases its core value on“honesty and trustworthiness”;establish a sport ethic culture which bases its core value on“sport spirits”; stick to the conception which bases its core value on “people oriented” management; perfect the sport ethic system which bases its core value on“legal and moral co-governance”.%  在体育职业化与商业化逐渐成为当代体育发展的主题时,作为其中主要意识形态的体育道德也在社会环境的浸染中出现了错位与迷失。基于对体育道德失范行为表现的剖析,认为缺乏传统道德的积淀、缺乏体育精神的唤醒、缺乏人之为本的诉求、缺乏约束机制的完善是其失范根源所在。提出重塑以“诚实守信”为核心价值的体育伦理原则,构建以“体育精神”为核心价值的体育伦理文化,坚持以“以人为本”为核心价值的理念,完善以“法道共治”为核心价值的体育伦理制度等伦理救援策略。

  6. Postgraduates' Academic Anomie and Counselors' Duties%硕士研究生学术失范与辅导员职责

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳效

    2014-01-01

    At present, our graduate misconduct is quite serious. Misconduct diversified characteristics, its essence is the aca-demic requirements are too high, but the imbalance Graduate individual academic incompetence caused. College Counselors have a responsibility to help them recognize the importance of academic norms, and help them improve their academic tra-ining and academic level, and enhance academic self-discipline, reduce or prevent academic anomie.%当前,我国硕士研究生学术失范的现象比较严重。学术失范的特点呈现多元化,其本质是学术要求过高,但研究生个人学术能力不济引起的失衡。高校辅导员有责任帮助他们认识学术规范的重要性,并帮助他们提高学术修养和学术水平,增强学术自律性,减少或防止学术失范。

  7. The Anomie of Rural Collective Land Expropriation System and Its Reconstruction%集体土地征收制度的失范与重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐朝光

    2011-01-01

    The anomie of rural collective land expropriation system was mainly expressed in the following aspects: a vague definition of the collective land ownership, the " Public Interests " concept being abused, the unfair compensation standard, and dislocation of the role of gov ernment during the expropriation process and so on. The fundamental purpose of reconstruction of the collective land expropriation system was to ensure that the expropriated rural collective land can be served really for the public well-being and collective land rights of farmers can be fully realized.%介绍了我国集体土地征收制度失范表现,即集体土地所有权主体含混不清、“公共利益”概念被滥用、补偿标准不公平、政府在征地中角色错位等.提出了集体土地征收制度重构的建议,旨在保证被征收的集体土地能真正服务于公共福祉,并使农民集体的土地权益得到充分实现.

  8. On the Network Anomie Behavior and Security of Domain Name%网络失范行为与域名安全刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞克道

    2012-01-01

    作为互联网的入口,域名成为传统违法犯罪行为网络变异的首要关涉要素。着眼于网络域名的技术应用与价值发挥,以观察、描述为主,分析探讨威胁和破坏网络安全的域名失范行为,从宏观方面提出了法律、技术和文化协同治理的建议。%As the entrance of the lnternet, the domain name has to be firstly involved in the variation of the traditional criminal on network. For starters, the network domain of technology application and value is argued. Next it mainly investigates the network anomie behavior, which threats and damages the network security. Finally, legal, technical and cultural countermeasures are roughly recom- mended macroscopically.

  9. 新媒体传播中的伦理失范与规制策略%New Media Ethics Anomie and regulation strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚福

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of new media and new media platform,the phenomenon of ethic less of new media is more and more serious.This paper discusses the concept and definition of new media communication ethics,cited the new media ethics anomie,analyzes the reasons of the ethic loss in new media ethics,and puts forward the measures and strategies to solve the problem.%新媒体与新媒体平台迅速发展,其传播过程中的伦理失范现象日益严重。面对挑战,这需要从新媒体与传播伦理的概念界定出发,列举新媒体传播伦理失范的表现,分析新媒体传播伦理失范的原因,并有针对性地提出解决这一问题的措施与策略。

  10. On College Students' Anomie Problems From Moral Education Perspective%德育视角下大学生行为失范问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀; 刘利才

    2012-01-01

    随着市场经济的日益繁荣,人们对经济的依赖性越来越强烈,教育也失去了其本真,同样也出现了许多大学生行为失范的问题。大学生行为失范究其原因主要有市场经济的冲击、教育的失真以及大学生自身。除此以外,现行的道德教育也有其不可推卸的责任,其本质、内容与方法都值得反思。%With the rapid development of market economy,people depend on economy more and more,which has bad influence on education.There are more cases of college students' anomie problems.The main causes include the negative influence of market economy,education failure and individual problems.Nowadays moral education is also responsible for this considering the nature,content and methodology.

  11. The Negative Effect of Moral Anomie on Constructing Harmonious Society%论道德失范对构建和谐社会的负性影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹丽娟; 胡龙华

    2012-01-01

    道德失范现象作为转型时期较为普遍存在的社会现象,从制度层面分析,它是对社会现有制度约束体系和道德原则、规范的一种违背和破坏。而在更深层次上从人的角度分析,它引发人们的道德信仰危机,这些都必然会对我国和谐社会的构建产生较为深远的负性影响。%The phenomenon of moral anomie is a general social phenomenon at the period of transformation.It is a kind of violation of the moral principles and regulations in the current system from the aspect of institution.However,from a deeper level——man,it lead to moral crisis,which will have profound negative influence on the construction of harmonious society in China.

  12. The Research of Chinese Society’Moral Anomie From the Perspective of the Sub-Culture%亚文化视阈下的中国社会道德失范问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮筠

    2012-01-01

      Chinese society is in a dramatic transformation,morality has also been hithero unknown impact. A variety of problems attendant. The events,such as“from ruin”,frequently appear in newspapers. Moral anomie phenomenon has become a social focus and hot issue. Therefore,selecting the sub-culture as background,research the moral anomie phenomenon has important significance. Not only can deepen the understanding of the nature of moral anomie,but also can digs out the root cause,then prescribes the right medicine,and puts forward feasible measures.%  中国社会正处在剧烈的转型之中,道德领域亦受到前所未有的冲击。各种问题相伴而生。“见死不救”、“见义不为”等事件屡见报端。可见道德失范现象已经成为一个社会焦点和热点问题。因此以亚文化为背景,研究道德失范现象具有重要意义。不仅能深化对道德失范现象本质的认识,而且能为道德失范现象找出根源,进而对症下药,提供相应的可行对策。

  13. 大学教师教学失范的表征、归因与治理%The Characteristics,Attribution and Governance of College Teachers’ Teaching Anomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈朝新; 陈振华

    2014-01-01

    大学教师的教学失范问题形形色色,包括教学态度方面的失范、教学内容和方式方面的失范、学生评价方面的失范等多方面。这种失范危害了学校,危害了学生,也危害了师生关系。导致大学教师教学失范的原因可以从教师个人和学校制度两个方面去分析。与之相应,治理大学教师教学失范的措施包括加强教学领导与质量管理工作,强化教师的责任意识和自我修养工作,加强教学和管理制度的建设和落实工作。%There are many kinds of teaching anomy in college , including that of teachers ’ attitude , the content and mode of teaching,evaluation of students and other aspects. The anomy is harmful for the school,the students and the relationship between teachers and students. The reasons of teaching anomy include that of individual teachers and the school system. The corresponding measures of governance include strengthening teaching leadership and quality management , strengthening teachers ’ sense of responsibility and self-cultivation,strengthening the construction and implementation of teaching and management system.

  14. PERCEPCIONES DE BIENESTAR SOCIAL, ANOMIA, INTERÉS E IMPOTENCIA POLÍTICA EN RELACIÓN CON LAS ACTITUDES HACIA LA DEMOCRACIA/ PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL WELL-BEING, ANOMIE, POLITICAL INTEREST AND POWERLESSNESS IN RELATION WITH ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEMOCRACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunuen Ochoa Madrigal***

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENEste estudio empírico de corte transversal pone a prueba el supuesto de que las percepciones de bienestar social,anomia, interés político e impotencia política condicionan las actitudes hacia la democracia. Se tomó el modelo de cincodimensiones de Keyes (1998 para medir el bienestar social y se midió el constructo anomia desde la perspectiva psicosocialde Srole (1956. La muestra conformada por 568 sujetos mayores de edad de diferentes estados de México contestó unabatería que contenía cuatro cuestionarios: La Escala de Actitudes hacia la Democracia de Morales, Las Escalas de BienestarSocial de Keyes, La Escala de Anomia de Srole, La adaptación al español de la Escala de Impotencia Política y un ítem devalor único sobre Interés por la Política tomado de la Encuesta Social Europea 2006. Las correlaciones de bienestar social einterés por la política son positivas para la aceptación de la democracia. Los resultados muestran que a mayor percepciónde anomia e impotencia política mayor rechazo de la democracia.ABSTRACTThis empirical and transversal paper tests the hypothesis that perceived social well-being, anomie, political interest, andpolitical powerlessness condition attitudes towards democracy. We adopted the Keyes' five-dimension model to measuresocial well-being and the Srole's (1956 psychosocial perspective for anomie. A sample of 568 legally adult subjects ofdifferent states of Mexico filled out a battery containing four questionnaires: Morales' Attitudes Towards Democracy Scale,Keyes' Social Well-being Scales, Srole Anomie Scale, an adaptation into Spanish language of The Powerlessness Scale, andone item of unique value for Political Interest taken from the 2006 European Social Survey. Correlations between social wellbeing,political interest and acceptance of democracy were positives. Results show that higher perception of anomie andpolitical powerlessness indicates more rejection of democracy.

  15. Moral anomie and ethics redemption of current leisure sports%休闲体育的道德失范及伦理救赎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓栋

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of leisure ethic theory,using scientific research methods of litera-ture,logical analysis,the paper indicates that ethics anomie of current leisure sports embodies in 4 aspects:instinct,extravagant,indulgent and inducible.Its main characters conclude the superficial concept,bureaucratic organization,irrational behavior and values of money worship.From the an-gles of participants,social environment and government,it analyzes the reasons for moral loss of leisure sports,and puts forward the appropriate ethics redemption policy,in order to provide theoret-ical reference for improving the moral environment and promote the healthy development of leisure sports.%以休闲伦理学为理论研究视角,运用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,指出当前休闲体育活动中伦理道德失范主要体现在本能性、奢侈性、放纵性和诱导性四个方面,其基本特点是休闲体育观念肤浅化、组织官僚化、行为非理性化和价值取向拜金化。分别从参与主体、社会环境、政府管理三个角度,分析了休闲体育道德失范的原因并提出了相应的伦理救赎策略,旨在为改善休闲体育的道德环境,促进休闲体育健康发展提供一定的理论参考。

  16. 信息伦理学视野下网络教育失范与发展策略研究%Research on anomie and development strategies of online education from the perspective of information ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢耀东; 侯武海

    2013-01-01

    Anomie of online education application is restricting its quality and further development. The article first analyzes online education anomie. Then from the perspective of information ethics, it discusses the value of online education and development strategies including ethical restriction at the policy level, ethical filter and defense at the technology level, as well as ethical choices and regulation at the application level.%网络教育应用中的失范现象已成为制约其进一步全面提升质量的瓶颈.在分析网络教育失范现象的基础上,从信息伦理学角度探讨了网络教育的价值取向及其发展策略,包括政策法规层面的伦理制约、技术层面的伦理过滤与伦理防线、应用层面的伦理选择与伦理调节.

  17. 困境与出路:反思我国慈善事业失范现象%Dilemma and Methods: Introspection on Charity Anomie Phenomenon in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭彦脶

    2012-01-01

    慈善事业是弘扬互助友爱精神、建设积极向上的伦理道德的有效途径。然而,近年来在一片慈善繁荣的背后,“慈善丑闻”层出不穷,致使慈善事业公信力大为下降。本文以反思近年来慈善事业失范现象为切入点,解析造成我国慈善事业失范现象频发的主要原因,并从中提出具有借鉴意义的相关举措,来为我国慈善事业的健康发展做出应有的贡献。%Charity is an effective way to carry forward the spirit of fraternity amd to construct positive ethics. However, behind charity prosperity, "charity scandals" emerge in endlessly, which causes charity credibility descending. Taking the reflection on charity anomie phenomemon in recent years as the breakthrough point, the paper analyses the main reasons for the frequent charity anomie phenomenon and puts forward relevant measures for reference, so as to make due contributions to healthy development of charity in China.

  18. The Study on the Causes and Measures of English Teachers'Ethics Anomie in Independent College%独立学院英语教师师德失范的原因及其对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段朋玲

    2016-01-01

    大学英语课程是大学生的一门必修的基础课程,在独立学院中占据着举足轻重的地位。随着其地位的增高,队伍的壮大,随之也给独立学院的发展带来了一些难题,其中包括师德的失范问题。本文通过观察独立学院英语教师的师德现状,深入的分析师德失范的原因并且提出了一些相应的应对措施。以期能够提高独立学院英语教师的师德水平。%College English course is a compulsory and basic course.It occupies a pivotal position in the independent institute. Its higher position and bigger team brought about some difficult problems including ethics anomie problems.By observing the current condition of independent college English teacher.This paper deeply analyzes the causes of ethics anomie problems and proposed some measures.Expect to improve the level of English teachers'ethics in independent college.

  19. Phenomena and Strategies of the Five-year-course Preschool Normal Students' Anomie Behavior%五年制幼师生失范行为及其教育控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王优

    2015-01-01

    In resent years, the problems of preschool teachers' vocational morality and baseline became more and more obvious. They of-ten suffer the criticism and blame which come from the society and family. Through the survey, we found that the phenomenon of behavior anomie existed in five-year-course preschool normal school students is common. This paper focuses on finding out the anomie behavior, figures out the reason for this phenomenon and puts forward some countermeasures.%近年来,幼儿教师的职业道德与从业底线表现出来的问题越来越明显,屡屡遭到来自社会、家庭等各方面的批评与指责。通过调查发现,当前五年制幼儿师范学校的幼师生们在言行举止方面的失范现象较为普遍,本文着重于找出幼儿师范生存在的失范行为,弄清产生这种现象的原因,并提出解决的措施。

  20. 浅析社会失范理论视角下的学生越轨行为%The Analysis of Students Deviant Behavior under the Perspective of Social Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边西同

    2014-01-01

    社会失范理论认为学生会发生越轨行为的主要原因在于社会而不是学生自己,因此而成为极其具有重要作用的剖析越轨行为原因的社会学理论。由于社会转型时期的快速发展,在某种程度上,我们的社会正是默顿所说的“失范”状态的社会。正确理解和把握社会失范理论,对学生越轨行为的矫正或预防具有十分重要的理论意义。%The theory of Social anomie claims that the causes of deviant behavior of students mainly due to social rath-er than deviant himself ,which is extremely a special analysis of the impact about the causes of deviant .And due to the rapid development and transformation of society ,to some extent ,our society is in Merton called social“anomie” state . Proper understanding and grasp of social anomie theory has extremely important theoretical significance on preventing or correcting deviant behavior of young students .

  1. Study on the Management Strategies for Post-90 Vocational College Students’ Classroom Anomie%90后高职生课堂失范行为管理策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学

    2014-01-01

    文章通过问卷调查,深入分析了对90后高职生的课堂失范行为的表现形式和原因,并在此基础上,从创新教育载体、强化社会实践、营造学习氛围、加强心理辅导、提升教学水平、实施精细管理等六方面提出了减少课堂失范行为的对策。%By means of questionnaire survey, this article analyzes the manifestations and causes of Post-90 vocational college students’classroom anomie. In addition, it puts forward the countermeasures to handle class-room anomie from such angles as innovating education carriers, enhancing social practice, creating learning atmo-sphere, strengthening psychological service, promoting the quality of teaching as well as implementing refined management.

  2. 大学生网络道德失范与教育防治体系的构建%College Students' Network Moral Anomie and Construction of Prevention and Control Education System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红玉

    2013-01-01

    近年来,大学生网络道德失范问题日趋严重,网络道德素质问题成为全社会关注的重点。积极研究网络环境对大学生道德素质的影响,探求大学生网络道德失范的原因,构建教育防治体系,已成为高校学生思想政治教育工作面临的一项紧迫任务。%In recent years, college students' network moral anomie is increasingly;network moral quality problems become the focus of the whole society. It is an important object for ideological and political education to actively study the influence of network environment on college students' moral quality, to explore the reasons of college students' network moral anomie, build the prevention and control of education system.

  3. A Probe into the Moral Anomy and Construction of Contemporary Chinese Ethics%道德失范及当代中国的伦理建构探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹峻

    2012-01-01

    In contemporary China, moral anomy phenomena arise along with the deepening and progress of reform and opening - up, and with the market -oriented economy. Causes for moral anomy are numerous and perplex, major ones including: negative impacts of market - oriented economy on society ; inadequate respects to, insufficient understanding of and inappropriate adher- ence and ridding of traditional moral principles ; inadequate attention drawn to socialist ethics construction with regards to degrees of emphasis, research, propaganda and applications. It calls for profound reflections on moral anomy in terms of contemporary Chinese ethics construction, which is a systematic project and must be pushed forward along a correct route. It is vital to raise our moral consciousness and to strengthen our operations; to lay a solid foundation for, and to guarantee its execution with moral and lawful administration; and finally, to further advance inheritance and innovation of the core social values.%随着改革开放和市场经济建设的深入和发展,当代中国社会出现了一些道德失范现象。造成道德失范的原因是多方面的,其主要原因是市场经济的消极影响;对传统道德尊重不够,认识不足,取舍不当;对社会主义道德建设重视不够,研究不够,宣传不够,应用不够等。道德失范需要重新思考当代中国的伦理建构,当代中国的伦理建构是系统工程,要沿着正确的途径推进。要在思想上提高觉悟,在行动上加大力度;要让法制建设成为道德建设的坚强后盾;要大力推进社会核心价值观的传承与创新。

  4. Dilemma of Food Safety:from Surface Anomie to Deep Crisis%食品安全的困境:从表层失范到深层危机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李侠; 程潜

    2013-01-01

    The dilemma of food safety, on the surface, is a kind of serious social anomie, but it reflects the failure of moral restraint and group values .Furthermore, it reflects that the institutional structure has been in crisis and doesn’t work.The resolution depends on constructing justice of institution and conscientiousness of the market and individual.%  食品安全困境从表层来看是一种严重的社会失范现象,它指涉了道德约束失灵以及群体价值观的碎片化;在深层则反映了制度结构陷入危机,出现体制性的功能失灵。解决之道在于建设正义的制度以及培育有良心的市场和个人。

  5. Analysis and control of students in vocational colleges anomie behavior attribution%高职院校学生失范行为归因分析与控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵明颖

    2016-01-01

    Vocational college takes the responsibility to cultivate application talents, plays an important role in the process of socialist modernization. However, with the reduction in the number of college entrance examination, the quality of vocational colleges students have decreased year by year, students anomie behavior are common.%高职院校承担着培养应用型人才的重任,在社会主义现代化进程中扮演着重要作用。然而,随着高考人数的减少,高职院校生源质量有逐年降低的趋势,学生的失范行为屡见不鲜。

  6. An Analysis of Media Ethics Anomie Resulting from Informal Media Relations Practice%论非正式媒体关系活动导致的媒体伦理失范现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丙奇

    2011-01-01

    Informal media relations practices by public relations practitioners can result in media ethics anomie. Researchers in the field of media relations have analyzed related phenomena, focusing on the relationship between public relations practitioners and me%公关人员开展的非正式媒体关系活动会导致特定媒体伦理失范现象发生。媒体关系领域的研究者以公关人员与媒体人员之间的关系为出发点,对相关现象进行了关注。本文通过文献研究,试图对非正式媒体关系活动及其导致的媒体伦理失范现象进行解析。

  7. 文科研究生学术道德失范及教育对策∗%The Academic Moral Anomie of Liberal Arts Graduate Students and the Educational Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩玥; 何云峰; 张丽

    2015-01-01

    学术道德失范是近年来教育界十分关注的问题。文科研究生的学术道德失范,主要表现在学术精神缺失,学术责任感弱以及学术不端行为频发等方面。其根源在于社会环境的压力、学术评价及监督制度不完善、导师的引导力弱以及研究生自身学业倦怠等方面。要改变这种现状就必须从加强学术道德的宣传教育,完善评价监督机制,加强导师的责任感并且强化研究生的自我教育管理。%In recent years the academic moral anomie has turned out to be one of the focuses in academia, and the academic moral anomie on part of liberal arts graduate students is mainly manifested in lack of academic spirit and responsi-bility, frequent academic misconducts, and imperfect of academic assessment and supervision system, so on and so forth. It is also due to the weak guidance of the tutor and the academic burnout in graduate students. In order to solve this prob-lem, universities should strengthen the publicity and education of academic moral, improve the evaluation and supervisory mechanism, strengthen the tutor′s sense of responsibility and the graduate students′self-education.

  8. 乡镇行政人员在行政过程中的失范与应对策略%Township Administrative Staff's Anomie in Process of Administration and Coping Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐跟利

    2015-01-01

    当前,我国正处于经济和社会加快发展和即将转型的关键时期。基层也面临发展与转型等考验,各种矛盾利益交织,一旦处理不当,很有可能使矛盾更加激化,基层政府治理难度空前加剧。管理中人是第一要素,而乡镇行政人员在行政过程中出现乱作为、不作为等失范现象。为此,思考我国乡镇行政人员行政过程中行为失范产生的原因并提出应对策略迫在眉睫。%At present, our country is in the key period of accelerate development and transformation of economy and society. The grass-roots is also facing the test of development and transformation, all kinds of in-terests and contradictions are mixed. If the contradictions will be improper handled, it is likely to make more intensify contradictions, and grass-roots governance difficulty will be unprecedented. People is the first element in the management, but the township administrative staff have the anomie phe-nomenon such as disorderly action, omission or illegal administration in the process of administration. So it is imminent to think deeply the reason of township administrative staffˊs anomie in the process of administration and put forward coping strategies.

  9. The Essay on the Anomie of Acadmeic Morolity of Postgrduate in Cyber Age%网络环境下研究生学术道德失范问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尉利工

    2014-01-01

    The representations of the anomie of graduates’ academic morality in the cyber age is the rapidity of output of scientific reasearch,the hide of academic plagiarism, and the homogeneity of academic achievements,etc. All of these phenomena not only re-lated to the utilitarian education concept of school,the disqualification of construction of academic moral system,the absence of academic moral education,but also related to the below standard tutor supervision,the absence of the academic morality anomie supervision and punishment mechanism,the low quality of students.For this,we need schools,society, teachers and students work together to develop a good academic morality of graduate stu-dents.%网络环境下研究生学术道德失范主要表现为科研成果产出快捷化、学术抄袭隐秘化、学术成果同质化等方面。这既与学校的功利主义教育理念、学术道德制度建设不到位、学术道德教育缺失有关,也与导师监管不到位、学术道德失范的监督和惩罚机制缺位和学生自身素质低下有关。对此,需要学校、社会和导师和学生共同努力,培养研究生形成良好的学术道德。

  10. 学术生态视角下研究生学术道德失范问题研究%The Research on Anomie of Academic Morality among Graduate Students from perspective of Academic Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙芳

    2016-01-01

    The academic moral anomie has become a serious phenomenon that is prevalent on campus. In perspective of aca-demic ecology, causes of moral abnormality are discussed in two aspects:academic principal and academic environment. So-ciety, colleges and universities, along with graduate students endeavor to keep balance in academic ecology. Moral cognition and rational attitude have a direct effect on misconduct in academy. Only if self-discipline and other-imposed discipline can actualize, we can resolve the problem of academic moral anomie much better.%在高校的人才培养中,研究生学术道德失范问题值得关注。以学术生态视角为切入点,从学术主体、学术环境两个方面分析学术生态失衡情况下研究生学术道德失范的原因。为了维持学术生态的动态平衡,社会和学校要为研究生提供良好的学术环境。学校要加强学术道德教育,弘扬学术精神,健全学术诚信体系建设。研究生应认真学习学术规范基本知识,做到知情意行相统一。只有切实提高研究生的培养质量,重视研究生的学术道德教育,才能更好地解决学术道德失范问题。

  11. 学术失范的治理:靠道德自律还是靠制度约束?%How Can We Restrain Academic Anomie? Depends on Self-discipline by Moral or External-control by the Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王硕旺

    2015-01-01

    学术不端和学术失范是一对相关但不对等的概念,前者是个体行为,后者则是社会现象。导致高校学术不端行为的主要原因是行为主体片面追求功利,背弃了学术道德;而导致学术失范现象的主要原因则是对学术规范建设的支持制度和学术不端行为的惩戒制度不健全。高校学术不端行为的治理,需要强调行为主体的道德自律;而学术失范现象的治理,则需要加强制度建设。%This article considers that the academic misconducts were caused by that the protagonist abandons academic moral in order to pursue honor and benefits; but the academic anomie is caused by the distemperedness of institution. We lack for both the backup institution for academic criterion and the punitive institution for academic anomie. In order to restrain the academic misconducts, the protagonist should strengthen the self-discipline by moral, but we must depend on institutions obligation to restrain the academic anomie.

  12. The Analysis of the Construction of Teachers' Ethics from the Perspective of Ethic Anomie%道德失范视角下的师德培养探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪艳

    2016-01-01

    教学活动中,教师的行为,特别是教师的职业道德行为对学生的影响不可小觑。人们对师德的话题讨论已久,然而在新的历史时期,师德又出现了一些新的问题,表现出新的特征和缘由,因此对教师道德失范问题的分析和探讨就成为进一步改善和培养师德的必要条件。%Teacher-student relationship is the most basic interpersonal relationship in education activities. Teachers’behavior, especially their professional ethic behavior to students, should not to be despised. And it has been a long time that people dis-cuss teachers' ethics, while there appear some new problems in the new period. Therefore, it is the necessary step to analyze and explore the problems of teachers' ethic anomie and thus to cultivate and improve their ethics.

  13. A Cause Analysis on the Ethic Anomy of Virtual Survival of Undergraduates%关于大学生虚拟生存伦理失范的原因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小芳

    2012-01-01

    With the comprehensive infiltration of information and network technology, a new survival style called Virtual Survival of Undergraduates has inevitably become an important survival style. With the guidance of Marxism Hominology, on the basis of factual state of the Virtual Survival of Undergraduates, this paper takes an in-depth analysis on the sorts of situations of anomy of ethics under the traditional style of managing, gives a rational focus with the spirit of humanistic concern to the Virtual Survival, and takes a thorough analysis on the cause.%随着信息技术和网络技术的全面渗透,虚拟生存这一新型生存样态已势不可挡地成为当代大学生的重要生存方式。以马克思主义人学思想为指导,立足大学生虚拟生存实然状态,深入剖析传统管理方式下大学生伦理失范的种种现状,并对其原因作出细致分析。

  14. On the Anomie of“Zhang”(帐) and“Zhang”(账) in Application and Its Reasons%“帐”与“账”的应用失范及其探因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雨亭

    2013-01-01

    银钱财务意义之“帐”与“账”长期混用而致失范,主要原因是“账”字之造出比“帐”字晚千多年;当代辞书漠视简化字表字头设置之偏误及语言文字规范化宣传落实乏力所致。语言文字的规范化标准化工作正在加速。%The usages of“zhang”(帐) and“zhang”(账) mixed up in application for a long time leads to the anomie. The first main reason is that the time when the word“zhang”(账) appeared is more than a thousand years later than the word“zhang” (帐) did, while the other reason is that the simplified wordlist in contemporary Chinese Dictionaries is often ignored and the language normalization is not well publicized. However, the speed of language normalization is accelerating.

  15. 研究生学术规范认知及学术失范行为的调查分析%Investigating and analyzing the cognitive of academic criterion and the behavior of academic anomie in graduate students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华芳; 陈斌; 朱晓娟

    2014-01-01

    通过对温州医科大学附属第一医院全日制硕士研究生的学术规范情况问卷调查,结果显示部分研究生的学术规范意识淡漠、学术规范识欠缺,学术失范行为时有出现,导师在学术规范的引导方面存在一定程度缺位.对此高校应加强研究生及研究生导师的培训,完善奖罚制度,净化学术氛围,提升研究生学术规范程度.%By studying the academia criterion of the first hospital affiliated of wenzhou medical univertisy full-time graduate,result display that part of the graduate student academic criterion consciousness is faint,lack of academic criterion related knowledge,academic anomie behavior sometimes appear,Supervisor is partly absent from academic criterion guide.Aiming at this situation,University should strengthen the education of Supervisor,improve the system of rewards and punishment,purify academic atmosphere,promote graduate degree of academic criterion.

  16. The Reasons of China’s Food Safety Regulation Anomie and Legal Regulation%中国食品安全监管失范的原因及法律规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡君玖; 刘燕

    2014-01-01

    Since China’s reform and opening up, the food safety regulation in China has gradually failed to keep up with the pace of economic development, and some food safety problems are often reported in the media, which triggered a certain degree of economic and social crisis. So, at the present stage, we must insist on studying the present situation of food safety supervision, then find the reasons of China’s food safety regulation anomie, and raise some specific improvement measures, which are also urgent requirements from all walks of life.%改革开放以来,我国对于食品安全的监管已渐渐跟不上经济发展的步伐,一些食品安全问题经常见诸报端,这些食品安全事件引发了一定程度的经济和社会危机,因此,在现阶段,我们必须在研究食品安全监管现状的基础上找出食品安全监管失范的原因,并发现针对性的完善食品安全监管的措施,这也是社会各界对监管部门提出的迫切要求。

  17. The Anomie and its Governance on Administrative Ethics:from the Perspective of the Confucianist Ideology on Justice and Interest%我国政府行政伦理的失范及其治理——以儒家义利观为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何方芳

    2011-01-01

    The anomie of China's government administration Ethics showed outstandingly in the polity,economy,organization and personnel.The anomie of government administration Ethics caused the lack of the construction of the government's credit,not ideal administrative system reform,thriving social corruption.Confucianist ideology on justice and interest is the important part of Confucianism,in which there has some practical significance for the governance of the anomie of government administration ethics.We should carry forward the reasonable elements in Confucianist ideology on justice and interest,combine with government's practical situation,formed government's cultural faith on justice and interest to improve the construction of government administration Ethics,establish credit government and build a harmonious society.%我国政府行政伦理失范突出表现在政治、经济、组织人事等方面。政府行政伦理失范导致政府诚信建设不足,行政管理体制改革成效不理想,社会腐败现象滋生蔓延。儒家"义利观"是儒家思想的重要组成部分,其中很多深层次的内涵对于政府行政伦理失范的治理具有一定现实意义。我们应弘扬儒家义利观中的合理成分,将其与当今政府的实际情况相结合,形成政府关于"义"与"利"方面的文化与信仰,以促进政府行政伦理建设,建立诚信政府,构建和谐社会。

  18. 浅谈我国社会转型期的道德失范现象及应对措施%On Moral Anomie Phenomenon and Countermeasures in the Social Transition of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵腾

    2012-01-01

    At present, due to the negative influence of the market economy, our country encounters a serious moral anomie in social transition period. They mainly lie in the missing of moral belief education, the disunity of moral evaluation standards and the bias in the mass media orientation. This problem has largely affected the society process of our country and has a serious threat to the stability and harmony of society. This article puts forward some countermeasures to the solution of this problem from several aspects.%当前,我国正处在社会转型的关键时期。受市场经济的负面影响,社会上出现了严重的道德失范现象,主要表现为道德信仰缺失、道德评价标准不统一、大众传媒导向偏颇等。这一问题在很大程度上阻碍了我国社会的进程,对社会的稳定和谐也构成了严重的威胁。因此,必须调整原有的道德体系,这已经成为时代进步发展的必然要求。应重视公民的道德教育,加强伦理道德的制度化和法制化建设等。只有多管齐下,才能有效解决这一问题。

  19. A Study of the Influence of Negative Leadership Behavior on University Teachersˊclassroom Teaching Anomie Behavior:---A Case Study of Psychological Capital as An Intermediary Variable%负性领导行为对高校教师课堂教学失范行为的影响研究--以心理资本为中介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭郁

    2016-01-01

    According to the survey data from 167 college teachers and using psychological capital as intermediary variables,the author discusses the influence of negative leadership behavior on university teachers' classroom teaching anomie behavior with the help of hierarchical regression analysis. The study shows that negative leadership behavior has significant positive influence on teachers ' classroom teaching anomie behavior and psychological capital has moderation effects on this type of Positive influence.%针对167名高校教师的调查数据,采用回归分析法,以心理资本为中介变量,探讨了负性领导行为对高校教师课堂教学失范行为的内部作用机制。研究表明,负性领导行为对教师课堂教学的失范行为具有显著正向影响;心理资本在负性领导行为对高校教师课堂教学失范行为的正向影响起到部分中介作用。

  20. How should I Treat Your Tears:Discussion on How to Face Scientifically Students’ Anomie Behavior%我该如何对待你的眼泪--浅谈如何科学面对学生的失范行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁哲

    2014-01-01

    Students’ anomie behavior mainly for deviant behavior and illegal behavior two kinds, one of the students reflect more deviant be-havior in school, it is mainly refers to violate the custom education, education rules and regulations. In the process of teaching, the teacher will meet students of all kinds of anomie behavior. How to find the best education way is teacher has been thinking and exploring problems in the class management work.%学生的失范行为主要表现为越轨行为与违法行为两类,其中学生的越轨行为在学校体现较多,它主要是指违背了教育习俗,教育规章制度的行为。在教书育人的过程中,教师会遇到学生各种各样的失范行为。如何寻求最佳的教育方法是教师在班级管理工作中一直思考和探索的问题。

  1. 产业转移中政府规制失范的治理探讨%Discuss on the Governance of the Government Regulation Anomie of Industrial Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡舜; 彭程甸

    2011-01-01

    At present, the characteristics of international industrial transfer showing that the main body of industrial transfer getting broader and there being more difficult and higher level to undertake, the scale getting larger and cycle getting shorter, transfer of high - tech industry and transformation of traditional industries being implemented simultaneously, strategic and emerging industries having become the new focus, outsourcing having become the new mainstream and service in- dustry having become the new hot spot. There are many problems of government regulation anomie in the process of in- dustrial transfer such as regulatory capture, regulatory offside and absence, imbalance among the organizational elements of regulatory agencies. So in the paper we make a number of policy proposals. First, we should establish a sound legal system and improve the government regulation policy to guide the transfer of traditional industries. Second, we can build an independent and efficient regulatory agency and strengthen the judicial review together to protect the transfer of tradi- tional industries. Then, it is necessary to define the boundaries and scope of government regulation reasonably, preven- ting from the offside and absence of government regulation. Last but not tile least, we should encourage the transfer of traditional industries, strengthen social participation and improve the supervision mechanism to develop the transfer of traditional industries.%当前国际产业转移呈现出产业转移的主体更多更广,承接的难度更大、层级更高,产业转移的规模更大、周期更短;高技术产业转移与传统产业改造并举,战略性新兴产业成为产业转移的新焦点,项目外包成为产业转移的新主流,服务业转移成为新热点等诸多特点。产业转移过程中的政府规制存在规制俘虏、规制越位与缺位共存、规制机构组织要素失衡等规制失范问题。提出了建立完善的法

  2. Professional societies 'ethos' and 'radiational anomie'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The variety of topics and issues, which are to be discussed at the meeting, and also IAEA earlier publications indicate, that investigations on safety culture in nuclear installations become a special trend, and determine the development of the nuclear branch. The importance of this fact can hardly be exaggerated. There is nowadays no trend in investigations more important for the existence of the nuclear branch, for its recognition by society, as well as for the development of society on the basis of achievements, connected with effective and safe (i.e. 'cultural') use of nuclear energy. There is no doubt, an idea in safety culture in nuclear installations and the whole nuclear industry was developed under the influence of a vast number of investigations on human factors in complex systems, ergonomics, human engineering, engineering psychology and lately also research on organizational behavior. Such an influence at one time was beneficial just because that necessity of accounting for Human Factors was realized in a variety of cases of specific technological problem solutions and for introduction of the safety culture concept. According to the analysis of collected data (at least under the social, economical, legal, psychological conditions of our country), for ensuring the nuclear installations safe functioning and effective personnel and management system work, it's necessary to take into account the extreme importance of factors resulting from a complex of psychological, social-psychological and social factors. (author)

  3. The Anomie Behavior in the Public Sphere of WeChat and the Construction of Its Specification Ruling by Law%微信公共领域里的失范行为及其法治规范建设∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰甲云; 曾思怡

    2016-01-01

    Based on the Habermas's public sphere theory,the article proposes that WeChat has initially formed the public sphere and mainly introduces some anomie behavior resulting from its social functions, its functions of media communication and its business trade platform.In order to prove the situation,this paper suggests settling it from three organically related specifications,that is,to manage,to operate and to use WeChat's public sphere under the rule of law.%从哈贝马斯公共领域理论出发,提出了微信群与微信公众号已经初步形成了公共领域这一观点,并主要介绍了围绕微信公共领域的社交功能、自媒体传播功能和商业贸易平台功能而产生的失范行为。依法规范微信公共领域,可以从完善依法管理微信公共领域、依法运营微信公共领域、依法使用微信公共领域三个有机联系层面的法治规范展开。

  4. The Urgency of Strengthening the Legal System of Sports--Originated in the Sports Phenomenon of the Moral Anomie%论加强体育法制建设的紧迫性--对竞技体育中道德失范现象的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢迅

    2013-01-01

      通过对体育道德失范现象的特征进行阐述、对其原因展开深层次分析,探讨新时期竞技体育运动所面临的道德和法制双重问题。认为,加强体育法制建设能有效遏制愈演愈烈的竞技体育中的道德失范现象,并对进一步加强体育法制建设提出可行性对策。%The characteristics of the phenomenon of the morality decline elaborates on the depth of real reasons and then reflect that in the moral anomie sports Through the development of sports law historic,comparative and qualitative analysis of the New Competitive sports are facing the dual problems of moral and legal system,emphasizing the current legal system to strengthen the urgency of sports,and enhance physical and legal system countermeasures are put forward,the healthy development of competitive sports,and overall construction of our rule of law of great significance.

  5. Anomia y Alienación en Estudiantes Secundarios de Santiago de Chile: Resultados Iniciales de un Estudio Comparativo 1989-2007 Anomie and Alienation in High School Students in Santiago of Chile: Initial Results of a Comparative Research Study 1989-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Aceituno

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los avances de un estudio sobre percepción de integración social y normativa en estudiantes de cuarto año de educación media de Santiago (N = 343. Se analizan los resultados de un cuestionario sobre anomia y alienación psicosocial, validado en un estudio análogo realizado en 1989. La replicación en 2007 contribuye a la caracterización de la experiencia de integración social y normativa en los jóvenes de hoy, así como al análisis de sus transformaciones casi 20 años después. Los resultados muestran que no existe una clara diferencia en los niveles de anomia y alienación, respecto a los de 1989.In a sample of Chilean students in their last year of high school (N = 343 anomie and psychosocial alienation were measured with a questionnaire validated in an analogous study done in 1989. This study compared the results of 1989 with those of 2007. This comparison contributes to the psychosocial characterization of social and normative integration experiences of Chilean youth today, and to the analysis of their transformations approximately 20 years later. The results show that there is not a clear difference in the social and normative integration levels in the studied youth, with respect to those of 1989.

  6. The Maintaining Stability Dilemma under Government Behavior Anomie --The consideration basing on removal behavior anonme of Chinese local govemment%政府行为失范下的维稳困境——基于转型期我国地方政府失范拆迁行为的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭辉安

    2012-01-01

    With the deepening of the social transfoumation and the rising of interest differentation degree, the group incidents increased obviously.Especially, various removal contradiction caused by local government behavior anomie emerge in endlessly recently, and get intensive increasingly, and make China failing into the maintaining stability dilemma.Therefore, regulating government behavior to mainain social stability and harmortiously is the important task we should face with at present.%随着我国社会转型的不断深入,利益分化程度不断加剧,各种群体性突发事件明显增多,特别是近几年来,由于地方政府行为失范所诱发的各种拆迁矛盾层出不穷,愈演愈烈,致使我国维稳陷入困境。为此,规范地方政府行为,维护社会稳定、和谐,是目前摆在我们面前的一个重大任务。

  7. The Logic of Action and Regulation Measures of City urban Management Behavior Anomie---Based on the Perspective of Street Level Bureaucrats%城管行为失范的行动逻辑及其规制对策--基于街头官僚视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘邦凡; 詹国辉

    2013-01-01

    The city urban and law enforcement personnel are the city governance in the process of implementation, but also with the public most closely related to the grass-roots civil servants. The city urban and law enforcement personnel belong to the category of "street level bureaucrats". The process of law enforcement exists the phenomenon of behavior failure, such as the lack of law enforcement program execution, administrative enforcement mode selection, and transition of the abuse of the administrative discretion ect.. Behavior anomie include individual egoism, limited and scarce resources, policy rules of non rational dependence, object of law enforcement of non voluntary ect. We should take ethical and moral education, reshaping the law enforcement process, legal supervision to constraint enforcement personnel behavior.%城管执法人员既是城市治理过程中公共政策的执行者,也是与社会公众关系最为密切的基层公务人员。城管执法人员属于“街头官僚”范畴。其执法过程存在行为失效现象,如执法程序的缺位执行、行政执法方式的选择不当、行政自由裁量权的过渡滥用等。行为失范的原因主要包括个体利己性、有限而又稀缺的政策资源、规则的非理性依赖、执法对象的非自愿性等。应采取伦理和道德教育、重塑执法流程、法律监督等来约束执法人员的行为。

  8. A Brief Discussion on the Current Situation, Anomie Rea-sons and Countermeasures of the Professional Ethics Con-struction of Administrative Personnel%浅谈行政人员职业道德建设的现状与失范原因分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭国强; 王开珍

    2014-01-01

    Professional ethics is the sum of moral standards,moral sentiments and moral quality,which meets the requirements of occupation characteristics and is closely related to people's occu-pation activities, so it is not only the behavior standard and re-quirement for the personnel in certain occupation activity, but al-so the moral responsibility and obligation for the society shoul-dered by the occupation. This paper analyzes the current situa-tion and anomie reasons of the professional ethics construction of the administrative personnel, points out the particularity and spe-cific norms of their professional ethics, expounds the counter-measures of professional ethics construction, and emphasizes that the professional ethics construction of administrative personnel is of great significance to realize the rule of law.%职业道德,就是同人们的职业活动紧密联系的符合职业特点所要求的道德准则、道德情操与道德品质的总和,它既是对本职人员在职业活动中行为标准和要求,同时又是职业对社会所负的道德责任与义务。文章通过对行政人员职业道德建设的现状及失范原因进行分析,指出了行政人员职业道德的特殊性及行政道德准则和具体规范,阐明了职业道德建设的对策,强调了行政人员职业道德素质建设对实现依法治国具有重要意义。

  9. Severe and conscientious writing of existential anomie of contemporary Chinese:On Yan Zhen’s Beyond Living in the light of Neo-cultural concepts and theory of Literature Existence%当代中国人生存失范的峻切书写--新文化观与文学生存论观照下的《活着之上》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王攸欣

    2016-01-01

    阎真《活着之上》因为对中国大学与社会生存失范状态的峻切书写,成为2015年当代文学界热门话题。从基因同异创化论与文学生存论视角,对《活着之上》所写的主题与人物作出分析,指出中国人近代以来面临新的历史境遇与资源竞争对象,竞争激化,造成了生存失范的文化历史境况。聂致远、蒙天舒等不仅是中国大学教师生存困境的体现者,更是整个中国当代社会的代表性人物,对于他们的叙述、虚构凸显了中国部分知识分子生存真实。%Yan Zhen’s novel Beyond Living became a hot issue in 2015 in the contemporary literary circle because of its severe and conscientious writing about existential anomie in Chinese universities and society. In the light of Gene-identical-discrepant Evolutionism and theory of Literature Existence, the present essay analyzes the theme and characters of Beyond Living, and points out that the Chinese have been confronted with the new historical circumstances and the new objects in the resource competition since the mid-19th century. The intensification of competition causes the existential anomie. Such characters as Nie Zhiyuan and Meng Tianshu are not only the embodiments of the college teachers’ existential dilemma but also the representatives in the whole modern China, the narration and invention of whom highlight the life reality of some intellectuals in modern China.

  10. Starting from strengthening the construction of the administrative integrity to effectively solve the loss of social honesty and moral anomie%从加强政务诚信建设入手切实解决社会诚信缺失和道德失范问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩学军

    2012-01-01

    If a country and nation lose the integrity,it means the loss of the future.The government as the maker,executor,supervisor and demonstrator of the national policy and system,is in the central position in the construction of the integrity playing a dominant role.Once the administrative integrity is missing,it is bound to mislead,induce and expand the lack of business integrity,social integrity,and judicial public trust.Breaking the administrative promise increased the country's political costs,administrative costs,social costs and moral costs,intensified the crisis of confidence,reduced the administrative efficiency,impacted the social harmony,and led to moral decline.To effectively solve the problem of our society honesty and moral anomie,we must strengthen the construction of the administrative integrity,which itself is both a good performance of faith,but also grasp the root of the problem.%一个国家和民族,如果失去了诚信,就意味着失去了未来。政府作为国家政策、制度的制定者、执行者、监督者和示范者,在诚信建设中居于核心地位,起着主导作用。政务诚信一旦缺失,势必误导、诱发、膨胀商务诚信、社会诚信和司法公信的缺失。政务失信加大了国家的政治成本、管理成本、社会成本和道德成本,加据了信任危机、降低了行政效率、影响了社会和谐、导致了道德滑坡。所以,要切实解决我国社会诚信缺失和道德失范问题,必须从加强政务诚信建设入手,这本身既是一种诚信的表现,同时也抓住了解决问题的根本。

  11. Analysis and Solutions to the Phenomenon of Anomie on Expressing Opinions in the Internet Community---Thinking Based on Given Context of the Microblog%网络社群意见表达失范现象的探析与应对--基于微博特定语境的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶鹏

    2013-01-01

    Microblog provides favorable conditions for the forming of group relying on its strong agglomeration effects,which has been preferred carrier when the public in virtual society want to express opinions .The inter-net community under the context of microblog often has anomie when it expresses opinions because of the over -exceeding uncontrolled freedom of association and views ,that has raised the critical thinking to the opinion in the internet community .Utilitarian awareness ,lacking of responsibility ,and disorder in spreading and emotional control,reduced the effectiveness of expression of their opinions ,reliability,controllability and rationality ,so we need to promote the prosperity and stability of the virtual society by strengthening the culture construction of the network community ,enhancing the innovation and supply of the system ,building the collaborative govern-ance model of multiple subjects ,lifting the expression equalizer in the internet community ,and promoting the ecological civilization construction of the network .%微博凭借强大的集聚效应,为群体的形成提供了便利条件,已经成为虚拟社会公众实施意见表达的首选载体。基于微博语境下的网络社群,其意见表达经常会因结社自由和言论自由失控泛滥而出现失范,引发出了对网络社群意见表达的批判性思考。功利意识、责任缺失、无序传播和情绪失控,降低了网络社群意见表达的有效性、可信性、可控性和合理性,需要通过加强网络社群文化建设、强化制度体系的创新与供给、构建多元主体协同治理模式、提升网络社群的表达均衡、推进网络生态文明建设等途径加以应对,从而促进虚拟社会的繁荣与稳定。

  12. Community Structural Instability, Anomie, Imitation and Adolescent Suicidal Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorlindsson, Thorolfur; Bernburg, Jon Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    The current study examines the contextual effects of community structural characteristics, as well as the mediating role of key social mechanisms, on youth suicidal behavior in Iceland. We argue that the contextual influence of community structural instability on youth suicidal behavior should be mediated by weak attachment to social norms and…

  13. Consuming Anomie: Children and Global Commercial Culture. Research Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Beryl

    2005-01-01

    This article locates George Herbert Meads account of self-formation in the context of global consumer capitalism, in which the "generalized other" is constructed as a desiring consumer. It argues for a sociology of consumer childhood that, via Mead, takes children's agency as a given and explores the implications of their interaction with the…

  14. Securitatea statelor europene: anomie vs asimetrie in strategii (The security of the European states: anomy versus asymmetry in strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titel Iulian IOVA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The summary analysis of the security programmatic documents reveals the presence of some new elements of the security environment called asymmetric risks, unconventional risks or new type risks. All these don’t offers clues about the their nature and impact on the stability of states. The only common opinion relates to their novelty. In the same time, asymmetric risks are seen as a number of studies, even military ones, which are not developed in detail. I thought, in the same measure, that should be interesting and useful an approach which aim is to offer a deep explanation about this phenomenon. The utility is given by the possibility of using our study’s conclusions in the design and development of the security strategies, including a sectoral vision that takes into consideration the real changes in the security environment and which ensures a coherent working mode of the security system in front of these new types of risks.

  15. Anomie in the metropolis: the city of American sociology and psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pols, Hans

    2003-01-01

    American sociologists and psychiatrists have often characterized cities as sites of social disintegration conducive to insanity. Small-town rural life, by contrast, has been presented as ideally suited for fostering mental health. Early research in psychiatric epidemiology confirmed these views. After World War II, psychiatrists and sociologists collaborated in influential research projects on mental illness in the community. Although these studies were guided by theories of social stratification, which ignores location, cities remained problematic for psychiatrists because they contained high concentrations of poverty and social problems and, consequently, mental health problems.

  16. Anomie and Isolation: The Wind-up Bird Chronicle, Ghost in the Shell, Serial Experiments Lain, and Japanese Consensus Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmo Gonzaga

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores how the societal effects of Japan’s economic recession during the 1990s are reflected in several cultural texts from that period: Haruki Murakami’s novel The Wind-up Bird Chronicle, the animé film Ghost in the Shell and the animé series Serial Experiments Lain.Faced with sudden job uncertainty due to the recession, Japanese individuals accustomed to the ideology of progress of a society that values uniformity and conformity have fallen into listlessness and withdrawal. Accordingly, the protagonists of these texts all experience a crisis of embodied subjectivity, or shutaisei that is tied to a loss of community and history.They work to reconstitute their shutaisei by first uncovering their personal and collective history in the form of a coherent awareness of their past. Transcending their isolation, they likewise strive to develop bonds with others through reciprocal communication.Particularly because these texts are characterized by elements of the fantastic and narratives of metamorphosis, they can also be seen as allegories of subversion against Japanese consensus society and its ideology of progress.

  17. 乡土教育的式微与失范%The Decline and Anomie of Regional Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兰

    2011-01-01

    乡土教育对于儿童的成长至关重要,中国历来有乡土教育的历史,现代教育的精英化,远离了乡土和民族.本文对现代乡土教育式微和失范的原因进行了分析.

  18. 论企业法人人格失范的伦理治理%Study on the Ethic Governance of Corporation Personality Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培林

    2013-01-01

    法人“人格化”建设对于规范法人组织行为和完善现代公司治理制度具有十分重要的意义.有关法人人格失范问题一直是法学界和管理学界关注的热点问题.首先,对法人人格失范的动因和法人人格失范的概念做出界定,拓展法律意义上法人人格的涵义;其次,指出公司治理应加强企业法人“人格化”建设和规范法人的组织行为;最后,提出企业法人人格失范的伦理治理路径.

  19. On Ethical Anomie and Countermeasures of New Media Credibility%新媒体的伦理失范及其对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玥

    2016-01-01

    新媒体伦理失范的成因包括新媒体逐利损害公信力,从业人员专业素养欠缺,草根传播自我赋权,他律规制不健全等.为防治新媒体伦理失范,维护和提升新媒体公信力,应建立新媒体从业者自律体系,健全新媒体机构监管机制,提升受众的媒介素养.

  20. Analysis and Keeping away of Scientists' Anomie%科学家越轨行为的多维分析与道德防范

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马向真

    2004-01-01

    科学家越轨行为是对科学规范的违背,它妨碍有计划、有目的、有秩序的科学发展过程.本文从生理学、社会学、心理学等学科对其产生的原因进行分析,并从伦理学角度提出道德防范的三种途径.

  1. 大众媒介体育传播中的暴力失范现象研究%Study on Violence Anomie in Mass Media Sports Dissemination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐叶彤; 康健

    2013-01-01

    在当今这个大众媒介时代,体育暴力夹杂在体育竞赛中成为了大众媒介体育传播中一个必不可少的组成部分,甚至有时成为大众媒介体育传播活动中的刻意之举,危害着现代体育的发展,就这一失范现象普遍化的具体表现和致因提出分析,为体育文化规范与繁荣提供借鉴.

  2. The Anomie and Rectification of Current Piano Education%当前钢琴教育的失范与矫正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔乾高

    2012-01-01

    As one of the important contents of music culture, it has more than a century's development history in China and has made brilliant achievements, which greatly benefits from Piano education. However, with the development of society, utilitarianism culture is impacting piano education. This paper analyzes the achievements and concerns of Chinese piano education in the past thirty years and expounds the great impact of utilitarianism culture on Chinese piano education so as to propose some appropriate strategies of Chinese piano education under the cul tural background of utilitarianism in terms of culture, man and education.%作为音乐文化重要内容之一的钢琴文化,在我国已有百余年的发展历程,取得了辉煌的成就,钢琴教育功不可没。但随着社会的发展,"功利主义"正在影响着我国钢琴教育。本文分析了近三十多年来我国钢琴教育所取得成绩以及存在的一些忧虑,并从"文化、人、教育"三者的关系入手,阐述了"功利主义"对我国当前钢琴教育的影响,提出了在"功利主义"背景下应对我国当前钢琴教育的策略。

  3. L'esprit du jeu dans les sociétés postmodernes : Anomies et socialités : Bovarysme, mémoire et aventure

    OpenAIRE

    Fouillet, Aurélien

    2012-01-01

    Pas de résumé en anglais Les jeux vidéos, les comics américains, les séminaires ludiques de créativité, leszombie walks, ou encore les phénomènes d’effervescences prennent de plus en plus deplace dans les sociétés contemporaines. Ce travail de recherche s’interroge sur cettedimension ludique de l’existence qui façonne de nouvelles manières d’être-ensemble.Si ce travail s’apparente à la sociologie du jeu, il n’envisage pas le jeu comme undomaine spécifique, comme une sphère particulière de ...

  4. 行业失范时有发生背景下的传媒伦理研究%A Study on Media Ethics in the Context of Media Behavior Anomie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓓

    2011-01-01

    @@ 无论是在西方还是在我国,新闻界的道德规范都早已存在,但其实践总是"知易行难".尤其在我国,近年来随着新闻传媒事业的飞速发展,传媒行为失范现象时有发生,这使人们愈加意识到传媒职业伦理和职业道德的重要性和必要性.

  5. An Analysis on Anomie Behaviors of Undergraduates on the Eve of Leaving Campus%准大学毕业生离校前夕失范行为探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万永坤

    2011-01-01

    大学毕业生高校前夕的失范行为已成为影响高校正常教学秩序和社会稳定的一大险患.本文采用调查问卷的形式,探析了准大学毕业生离校前夕失范行为现象和成因,进而侧重从高校教育管理工作的角度提出相应的对策.

  6. 新媒体环境下医疗新闻伦理失范现象探讨∗%Discussion on Ethics Anomie Phenomena of Medical News under New Media Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    檀琳

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the characteristics of new media information dissemination are interpreted in detail, including the expression of liberalization, virus-disseminating, inclination of news entertainment, violence of pub-lic opinion and over-exposure of privacy. This article takes the immoral cases of medical news in recent years as examples, deeply analyzes the serious phenomena of medical news under new media environment, such as misrepr-esentation, loss of authority, moral loss of reputation, loss of social rationality and disclosure of public privacy.%通过对自由化表达、病毒式传播、娱乐化倾向、暴力化舆论、随意化曝光等新媒体信息传播特点进行阐述,并以近年来几起伦理失范的医疗新闻案例为证,剖析了新媒体环境下医疗新闻可能出现的内容失实、权威失信、道德失誉、社会理性失智、公众隐私泄露失控等不良现象。

  7. Jovens migrantes poloneses na Alemanha de 1989 a 1999: autoalienação e anomia interacional = Young Polish migrants to Germany from 1989 to 1999: self-alienation and interactional anomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waniek, Katarzyna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata dos poloneses que deixaram seu país voluntariamente e sem problemas no período entre a queda do comunismo na Polônia, em 1989, e alguns anos antes da ampliação da União Europeia para o leste, em maio de 2004. Concentra-se em pessoas que eram jovens no momento de sua chegada na Alemanha (ou seja, não mais que 30 anos de idade e por isso constitui um grupo de uma geração “nova” ou “jovem” de imigrantes poloneses na Alemanha. Procura-se aqui descrever algumas condições balizadoras que provocam distúrbios no processo e/ou promovem o desenvolvimento de trajetória de sofrimento, ou seja, ilustrar e analisar várias circunstâncias sociais e biográficas que tornam o processo de imigração difícil ou que resultam em uma anomia interativa e aumentam a dinâmica das trajetórias. Essas condições de enquadramento surgem de análises acuradas de entrevistas narrativas autobiográficas com jovens poloneses na Alemanha

  8. Coping with Network Behavior Anomie of University Students in University Crisis Management%高校危机管理视阈下大学生网络行为失范应对研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖力诠

    2014-01-01

    网络时代的高校面临着大学生网络行为失范而导致高校产生危机的巨大风险,因此,我们积极探究高校危机管理视阈下各种网络失范行为可能导致的危机,根据四种主要网络失范行为的原因分析,提出一些以疏导和引导为主的建设性应对措施,帮助高校管理者从中获得启发。%In the network age, colleges and universities may incur great risks from improper network behavior of college students. Therefore, from the perspective of crisis management in colleges and universities, we actively probed into the potential risks caused by various improper network behavior. Based on causal analysis of four kinds of major improper network behavior, some constructive countermeasures laying stress on persuasion and guidance have been proposed, which are expected to be conducive to administrators in colleges and universities.

  9. Boerenpartij en radikalisme ( Krimpenerwaard, Bevermeer ) 1966-1967 [Dutch farmers' party and radicalism 1966-1967

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooy, A.T.J.

    1967-01-01

    Developments in farming / attitude towards government agricultural policy / authoritarianism / anomy / political preferences / attitude towards political party 'Boerenpartij'. Data on organization and production of farms / cooperation with other farmers / opinion on investments / authoritarianism /

  10. A Social Control Perspective on Scientific Misconduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackett, Edward J.

    1994-01-01

    Some explanations for scientific misconduct are examined, including those based on theories of individual psychopathology, anomie, and alienation. An alternative explanation, drawing on the concept of social control, is presented, and implications for research and policy are examined. (MSE)

  11. Social Mobility and Social Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sewell, William H.

    1978-01-01

    Examines data related to social mobility and social participation of Americans. Topics include educational and occupational mobility; voting; volunteer work; charitable giving; community participation; views on religion; and anomie. For journal availability, see SO 506 144. (Author/DB)

  12. Contemplated Suicide Among Voluntary and Involuntary Retirees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Peter O.; Wilson, Cedric

    1978-01-01

    This study explored anomic and egoistic dimensions of contemplated suicide among voluntary and involuntary retired males. Results indicated a direct relationship between anomie and egoism on the one hand, and contemplation of suicide on the other. (Author)

  13. The Moral Goal of Sports Anomie Behaviors——Reflection Caused by "Tian Ji Horse Racing"%浅谈体育失范行为的道德归宿——由“田忌赛马”引发的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琪

    2014-01-01

    文章从中国古代故事“田忌赛马”入手分析现代体育比赛中常见的体育失范行为.运用文献资料重建现代体育诞生的时空环境,找寻现代体育最初的道德规范,并对当今体育比赛中常见的失范行为予以抨击.通过研究,力图恢复被多方利益绑架的体育比赛道德,重塑现代体育的道德规范.

  14. L’anomie pharmaco-médicale. Compte-rendu de La prise de décision en éthique clinique : Perspectives micro, méso et macro, sous la direction de Yanick Farmer, Marie-Ève Bouthilier et Delphine Roigt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guay, Guylaine

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La prise de décision en éthique clinique Perspectives micro, méso et macro is an edited collection resulting from a workshop around a single clinical case at the end of life in which was introduced an exception drug. The authors of each chapter outline and implement their different analytical frameworks by staging one or more levels of decision making, i.e., physician, patient (micro, clinic, institution (meso and government (macro.

  15. Self-Esteem and Other Motivational Variables: Some Black-White Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trachtman, Joan; Denmark, Florence

    1973-01-01

    Argues that the stereotypical negative personality profiles of disadvantaged youth and the concept of black self-esteem may be changing in a more positive direction, based on a comparative research study of black-white differences along the dimensions of acceptance of authority, dogmatism, anomy, internality-externality, and self-esteem. (EH)

  16. Infant Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1914-1964.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trafzer, Clifford E.

    1999-01-01

    Infants under age 1 constituted the most deaths recorded for any age group among Native people on the Yakama Indian Reservation (Washington), between 1914 and 1964. Poverty conditions, including poor diet and unsanitary housing; social anomie; and lack of adequate health care contributed to infant deaths. Data tables and figures detail infant…

  17. Civil Liberties Attitudes and Personality Measures: Some Exploratory Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalkind, Sheldon S.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    Presents data from the administration of questionnaires containing civil liberties and personality measures in two different years to adults in the metropolitan New York City area, finding that attitudes towards civil liberties issues correlated with flexibility, self-reliance, independence, anomie, and fate control measures. Anxiety scores did…

  18. An Analysis of Factors Influencing Attitudes Toward Death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Gerry R.

    This article assesses the affects of several factors; sex, age, occupation, size of residence, anomie, marital status, class, and world view, on attitudes towards death. The author's attitudes model is based upon the four-part basic Durkheimian typology, varying in degree and nature of an individual's integration in societal groups. Included in…

  19. The Optimal Distance Model of Second Language Acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, H. Douglas

    1980-01-01

    It is argued that acculturation, anomie, social distance, and perceived social distance rather than biological factors define a critical period independent of the age of the learner for second language acquisition. Suggestions for planning instructional strategies and selecting materials based on this hypothesis are given. (PMJ)

  20. Determinants of Disciplinary Discontent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargens, Lowell L.; Kelly-Wilson, Lisa

    1994-01-01

    Data from the 1984 Carnegie survey of faculty at U.S. universities show substantial disciplinary variation in pessimism that one's field is stagnant. Field-level variations in both anomie and consensus exert strong effects on average levels of scholarly pessimism within fields and are stronger determinants of scholarly pessimism than individual…

  1. Multilingualism in Transformative Spaces: Contact and Conviviality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Quentin Emmanuel; Stroud, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    South Africa is a highly mobile country characterized by historical displacements and contemporary mobilities, both social and demographic. Getting to grips with diversity, dislocation, relocation and anomie, as well as pursuing aspirations of mobility, is part of people's daily experience that often takes place on the margins of conventional…

  2. Assessing the Impact of Violence on Motivation for Parenthood among Blacks and Whites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Fadhli, Hussain M.; Smith, James Curtis

    1996-01-01

    Using data from the General Social Survey of 1993 and a sample of 1,347 whites and 179 blacks, this study examines the hypothesis that societal violence differentially affects motivation for parenthood for blacks and whites. Significant differences were found in terms of anomie, number of children, and the impact of violence-related variables.…

  3. Organized Programs of Study in France: Some Contributions of Stranger Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Ley, Herbert

    1975-01-01

    The anomie experienced by students in their first few months abroad, and ways of coping with unfamiliarity of the host society are discussed. The needs of groups as well as individuals are considered, and specific related concerns of program administration are highlighted. (MSE)

  4. Passings that Pass in America: Crossing over and Coming Back to Tell about It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Donald

    2007-01-01

    American culture glorifies the self-made man and this self-making extends to individual identity. The United States celebrates geographical and social mobility and the very anomie this produces is also the site of secular rebirths. In this essay, the author examines a literary genre that draws upon the American faith in self-transformation in an…

  5. The Cheapest Apartments in Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankele, Chad; Sommer, Robert

    1973-01-01

    Several surveys are reported of tenants in a low-rent apartment complex in a university town before and after renovation. The tenants were willing to trade off the lack of amenities and anomie in return for low rent and casual lease arrangements. (JP)

  6. Between Bethan and Me: A Dialogue on the Uncertain Promise of Education, Precarious Employment and What It Means to Be Productive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Remy Yi Siang

    2014-01-01

    The experience of precarious employment is growing across the occupational spectrum and some scholars have predicted that there will be a corresponding rise in anger, anomie, anxiety and alienation amongst those affected. Exploring more intimately how precarity might be differently experienced and confronted, this paper bases itself on a dialogue…

  7. [Canon Busting and Cultural Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Articles on literary canon include: "Educational Anomie" (Stephen W. White); "Why Western Civilization?" (William J. Bennett); "Peace Plan for Canon Wars" (Gerald Graff, William E. Cain); "Canons, Cultural Literacy, and Core Curriculum" (Lynne V. Cheney); "Canon Busting: Basic Issues" (Stanley Fish); "A Truce in Curricular Wars" (Chester E. Finn,…

  8. A Durkheimian Analysis of Youth Suicide: Canada, 1971 and 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trovato, Frank

    1992-01-01

    Examined relationship between social integration on young Canadians' (aged 15-29) suicide rate for 1971 and 1981: family integration (divorce), religious integration (no affiliation); and economic anomie (unemployment). Findings support hypothesis that religious detachment among young is associated with increased proneness to commit suicide.…

  9. The Effect of Communicative Impediments on Interpersonal Attachment and Deviance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Nick J.; Barnum, Christopher C.

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces a theory describing the relationship between factors that increase social isolation and deviance. The theory is examined in the context of virtual visitation. We integrate social exchange, anomie, and strain theories to argue that as communication is impeded between two actors, the less satisfied either will be with the…

  10. Dimensions of Civil Liberties and Personality: Relationships for Measures of Tolerance and Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaugler, Edward A.; Zalkind, Sheldon S.

    1975-01-01

    Groups of individuals classified as "constricted" and "non constricted" according to three personality scores - anger expression, independence, and anomie - were contrasted on civil liberties attitude dimensions. It was found that "constricted" individuals do not have a simpler conceptual structure for those attitudes than do less "constricted"…

  11. How Qualitative Research Changed Me: A Narrative of Personal Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuer, Avital

    2007-01-01

    This piece recounts personal changes I underwent while collecting data for my dissertation. Stemming from my own personal experiences of anomie and feelings of not belonging to the languages and cultures of either Canada or Israel, this inquiry examined the collusion of my attitudes with the attitudes of advanced Hebrew learners of diverse…

  12. Unshackled by Visions and Values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brokenleg, Martin

    1996-01-01

    Uses a case study to demonstrate the effects of cultural conflict, alienation, anomie, and contemporary urban society on the lives of troubled Native American youth. Shows that by teaching traditional Native American values, such as visions of hope and independence, society can help these youth enjoy a promising future. (RJM)

  13. On The Quality of Life and Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaylin, Ned L.

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the concept of copability and the development of a sense of competence in juxtaposition to the depersonalization and anomie resulting from an increasingly industrialized and institutionalized society. Explores this juxtaposition by relating these concepts to experiencing a close family member's death. (Author)

  14. Alienation and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimanis, Gunars

    This paper reviews the author's research on the role of certain aspects of alienation in education. The first part of the paper discusses similarities between anomie and locus of reinforcement control, as they assess the normlessness and powerlessness aspects of alienation. The second part reports results from studies attempting to modify one's…

  15. Political Response to New Skills: The Conforming and the Deviant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaros, Dean

    1970-01-01

    Anomie theory holds that the provision of new resources and skills to an inarticulate and non-participatory population can produce two distinct responses: increased conformity or increased and more efficient use of deviant methods. Data on vocational education students suggest that there is such a differential reaction to formal training in the…

  16. Paranormal Beliefs and Their Implications in University Students from Finland and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobacyk, Jerome J.; Pirttila-Backman, Anna-Maija

    1992-01-01

    Compares 117 Finnish and 351 southern U.S. college students for the following: (1) paranormal beliefs; (2) personality adjustment constructs (anomie, death concerns, alienation, and death threat); and (3) relationships between the beliefs and constructs. The secularization process, further advanced in Finland than the United States, moderates…

  17. The Perception and Classification of Collective Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Gordon W.

    1972-01-01

    A classificatory model of collective behavior based upon perceptual dimensions was proposed. The four major dimensions found to underlie a domain of collective phenomena were identified as: (a) Violence, (b) Amorphous-Focused, (c) Anomie, and (d) Ideology. Potentially predictive aspects of the system were examined briefly. (Author)

  18. Factors in Adolescent Rebellious Feelings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, Patricia W.; Rust, James O.

    1979-01-01

    This study examined 15- and 16-year-old youths' (Midteens') feelings of anomie and rebellion in relation to family and situational factors. Only parents' formal education level and midteens' approval of the way they were being reared correlated significantly with midteens' scores on the Anomia and Rebellion Scales. (Author/SJL)

  19. From Aristotle to Angelou: Best Practices in Character Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovre, Paul J.

    2007-01-01

    The modern character education movement emerged in the 1980s as a consequence of growing parental and public concern for moral drift, or what sociologist James Davison Hunter referred to as "the death of character." This public anomie was captured in these words from Sanford McDonnell, chairman emeritus of McDonnell Douglas and chair of the…

  20. The Social Construction of the Minority Drug Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covington, Jeanette

    1997-01-01

    Examines how the minority drug problem is framed in terms of anomie and underclass models suggesting that drug subcultures in urban black areas are formed as an adaptation to aggregate community conditions. The article considers how researchers use ecological and ethnographic data to back up claims that drug subcultures are a response to inner…

  1. Durkheim’s Concept of Collective Consciousness and Chinese Villages Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI YUNYAN

    2016-01-01

    In a rapid social transformation times, more and more social problems come to existence in Chinese villages, which results in instability in the society. By using the collective consciousness theory from Durkheim, the paper analyze the anomie phenomena in Chinese village community.

  2. Problemes linguistiques des enfants de travailleurs migrants (Linguistic Problems of the Children of Migrant Workers).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Greve, Marcel, Ed.; Rosseel, Eddy, Ed.

    Papers on language difficulties encountered by migrant workers' children include: "Anomie in Bicultural Education" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); "An Investigation into Bilingual Education for Children from Favoured Socio-Economic Backgrounds" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); "Orientations of Foreign Children Relating to Placement in Special Classes" (in…

  3. Survey and Countermeasures on Current Situation of College Students' Internet Behavior ---To Take Putian University as an Example%大学生网络行为现状的调查及对策——以莆田学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周岚峰

    2012-01-01

    Through the questionnaire survey, to understand the current situation of college students' intemet behavior causes of Putian University. This paper mainly uses the questionnaire survey, discussion in literature searching methods survey: Putian University students' network anomie happens from time to time the family, society, students themselves four factors strengthen students' anomie behavior control.%通过问卷调查、座谈走访、文献检索的方法,了解莆田学院大学生网络行为现状并分析形成原因。提出应调动高校、家庭、社会、大学生自身四方面因素并形成合力,可加强对大学生的失范行为导控的结论。

  4. DEMOKRACJA AKADEMICKA A TENDENCJE OLIGARCHICZNO-AUTORYTARNE W SOCJOLOGII WSPÓŁCZESNEJ

    OpenAIRE

    Kozyr-Kowalski, Stanisław

    2001-01-01

    The paper contains a critical analysis o f various kinds o f anomy and oligarchic and authoritarian tendencies that have become visible within the Polish institutions of academic democracy. Oligarchy and authoritarianism in the world o f Polish sociology have their roots both in the formal socialist past and in the mechanical transferring principles of „competitive business enterprise” (Veblen) to academic and spiritual work. Anomic competition that presupposes and causes various ...

  5. Types of rape victimization

    OpenAIRE

    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: Behavior of rape victims is an enigma associated with the following phenomena: poverty, transition, legal weaknesses, and unintegrated mental health network. The aim of the study was to investigate rape victimization in relation to anomie, stress and postwar transition-related weaknesses in B&H in the period 1996-2005; and perform a personal analysis of rape victims. Material and methods: The experimental group consisted of rape victims receiving psychiatric treatment: non-v...

  6. Transient Crossed Aphasia: A Case Study with SPECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. Ferro

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available A 45-year-old right-handed man developed “crossed” anomie aphasia, neglect and inaccurate reaching of his left arm in both hemispaces due to a right parietal haemorrhage. Aphasia cleared in a few days. SPECT failed to demonstrate crossed left hemispheric diaschisis. This report emphasizes the importance of evaluating patients in the acute stage and of coupling “static” and “functional” imaging methods when studying brain-behavior relationships.

  7. The Path Selection to Strengthen the Civil Service Ethics%加强公务员职业道德建设的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟

    2012-01-01

    本文从分析当前我国公务员职业道德失范的主要现象及成因入手,试图有针对性地提出一些路径选择。%This paper starts from the analysis of China's civil service ethics anomie phenomenon,trying to have proposed some path selections.

  8. 大学生网络道德失范的表现、实质及其防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜; 孙伟

    2015-01-01

    As the network becomes a very important channel for the college students to get information, network moral anomie problems are increasingly prominent, which mainly displayed in the network value dissimilation, loss of network language anomie, lack of credibility, and network tort. The root of there problems of college students' net-work moral anomie, which was in the internet had become the construction way of college students' self-identity, and weakness of legal and moral constraints on their behavior. As the subjects of prevention and control, the universities could prevent and control college students' network moral anomie problems through the network supervision, ideologi-cal education, personal quality cultivation, courses in the network moral education.%随着网络成为高校大学生获取信息的重要渠道,网络道德失范问题日渐突出,主要表现在网络价值异化、网络语言失范、网络诚信缺失、网络侵权盛行。追其根本,大学生网络道德失范问题的本质是网络成为大学生建构自我认同的方式以及法律与道德对其行为约束弱化。作为防治的主体,高校可通过网络监管、思想教育、个人素质培养、开设网络道德教育课程等方面对大学生网络道德失范问题进行防治。

  9. Discuss about How to Undertake to the Student Ideological Education under the Network Environment%浅谈网络环境下如何对学生进行思想教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雄飞

    2014-01-01

    With the popularization and development of network technology, network has been in the elementary student's learning and life, and the network moral anomie problems also occur.%随着网络技术的普及和发展,网络已经介入了小学生的学习与生活之中,网络道德失范等问题也随之发生。

  10. 网络时代高校教师职业规范摭谈%Professional Norms of University Teachers in Network Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽容

    2014-01-01

    Network brings new challenges for the professional quality of university teachers; the problems of moral anomie, teaching anomie, and academic anomie are usually exposed. Teachers should allow smart phones get into the classroom and ready to accept network monitoring, which requires that teachers should achieve unified morality and knowledge, teaching of life, and strengthen opportune communications with each other, as well as the teachers' team should establish norms and improve system.%网络给高校教师的职业素质带来了全新的挑战,道德失范、教学失范、学术失范等问题时有曝光。教师应允许智能手机进入课堂并随时接受网络监督,这要求教师本人要德识统一、以身立教,教师之间要加强交流、及时通联,教师队伍要确立规范、完善制度。

  11. Ethos without nomos: the Russian–Georgian War and the post-Soviet state of exception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Prozorov

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the 2008 Russian–Georgian conflict in the context of the post-Soviet spatial order, approached in terms of Carl Schmitt's theory of nomos and Giorgio Agamben's theory of the state of exception. The ‘five-day war’ was the first instance of the violation by Russia of the integrity of the post-Soviet spatial order established in the Belovezha treaties of December 1991. While from the beginning of the postcommunist period Russia functioned as the restraining force in the post-Soviet realm, the 2008 war has made further recourse to this function impossible, plunging the post-Soviet space into the condition of anomie, or the state of exception. This paper interprets this disruptive policy in the post-Soviet space as the continuation of the domestic political process of the ‘management of anomie,’ which has characterized the entire postcommunist period. In the conclusion, we address the implications of the transformation of the international order into the ethos of anomie for rethinking the ethical dimension of global politics.

  12. Motherhood and the "Madness of Hunger": "...Want Almal Vra vir My vir 'n Stukkie Brood" ("...Because Everyone Asks Me for a Little Piece of Bread").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Lou-Marié; Lourens, Marleen

    2016-03-01

    It is widely assumed that the social and economic conditions of poverty can be linked to common mental disorders in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Despite the considerable increase in quantitative studies investigating the link between poverty and mental health, the nature of the connection between poverty and emotional well-being/distress is still not fully comprehended. In this qualitative study, exploring how one group of Coloured South African women, diagnosed with depression and residing in a semi-rural low-income South African community, subjectively understand and experience their emotional distress, data was collected by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews and social constructionist grounded theory was used to analyse the data. We will attempt to show (1) that the depressed women in this group of respondents frequently refer to the emotional distress caused by hungry children and (2) that the emotional distress described by the respondents included emotions typically associated with depression (such as sadness, hopelessness and guilt), but also included emotions not necessarily associated with depression (such as anxiety, anger and anomie). In our attempt to understand (both psychologically and politically) the complex emotional response of mothers to their children's hunger, we argue that powerful gender and neo-liberal discourses within which mothers are interpellated to care for children, and more specifically, to make sure that children are not hungry, mean that the mothers of hungry children felt that they were not fulfilling their responsibilities and thus felt guilty and ashamed. This shame seemed, in turn, to lead to anger and/or anomie, informing acting out behaviours ranging from verbal and physical aggression to passive withdrawal. A vicious cycle of hunger, sadness and anxiety, shame, anger and anomie, aggression and withdrawal, negative judgement, and more shame, are thus maintained. As such, the unbearable rebukes of hungry

  13. Motherhood and the "Madness of Hunger": "...Want Almal Vra vir My vir 'n Stukkie Brood" ("...Because Everyone Asks Me for a Little Piece of Bread").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Lou-Marié; Lourens, Marleen

    2016-03-01

    It is widely assumed that the social and economic conditions of poverty can be linked to common mental disorders in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Despite the considerable increase in quantitative studies investigating the link between poverty and mental health, the nature of the connection between poverty and emotional well-being/distress is still not fully comprehended. In this qualitative study, exploring how one group of Coloured South African women, diagnosed with depression and residing in a semi-rural low-income South African community, subjectively understand and experience their emotional distress, data was collected by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews and social constructionist grounded theory was used to analyse the data. We will attempt to show (1) that the depressed women in this group of respondents frequently refer to the emotional distress caused by hungry children and (2) that the emotional distress described by the respondents included emotions typically associated with depression (such as sadness, hopelessness and guilt), but also included emotions not necessarily associated with depression (such as anxiety, anger and anomie). In our attempt to understand (both psychologically and politically) the complex emotional response of mothers to their children's hunger, we argue that powerful gender and neo-liberal discourses within which mothers are interpellated to care for children, and more specifically, to make sure that children are not hungry, mean that the mothers of hungry children felt that they were not fulfilling their responsibilities and thus felt guilty and ashamed. This shame seemed, in turn, to lead to anger and/or anomie, informing acting out behaviours ranging from verbal and physical aggression to passive withdrawal. A vicious cycle of hunger, sadness and anxiety, shame, anger and anomie, aggression and withdrawal, negative judgement, and more shame, are thus maintained. As such, the unbearable rebukes of hungry

  14. La política del fuego: El desplazamiento contemporáneo del paradigma geopolítico

    OpenAIRE

    Marder, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper theoretizes the transition from a global regime of geopolitics (that is to say, the politics of the earth) to a pyropolitical regime, or the politics of fire. Based in the political philosophy of Carl Schmitt, the thesis is that the certainty, stability, and order rooted in the earth are now being displaced by the anomie of fire, as the symbol and the concrete sphere of the political today.Este artículo teoriza la transición del régimen global geopolítico (es decir, la política de ...

  15. 网络社会的信息灾难及治理思路%The Information Disaster and Governance Ideas in the Network Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊贵

    2014-01-01

    The information disaster is a disaster loomed in the network society .It means the various society disasters triggered by the information anomie behavior or information behavior anomie .It has two layers of implica-tion:one is the social information system disaster triggered by information behavior anomie and other reasons , the other is the society operation system disaster being triggered by information behavior anomie and other causes .Infor-mation disaster happens more often in the social fields , such as finance , traffic, water conservancy administration , hospital administration , and military affairs administration .Information behaviors that trigger the information disas-ter include clumsy information behavior , arbitrary information behavior , mussy information behavior , juggle infor-mation behavior , criminous information behavior and subversive information behavior .In the network society , it is necessary to study in depth the theory of the information disaster , and to strengthen social governance .%信息灾难是在网络社会中赫然出现的一种灾难,意即因诸种信息失范行为或信息行为失范而导致的各种社会灾难,具体包括两层涵义:一是指因信息行为失范和其他原因而导致的社会信息系统灾难;二是指因信息行为失范及相关原因而导致的社会运行系统灾难。信息灾难易发生于社会的金融证券、交通运输、水利管理、医院管理和军事管理等领域。导致信息灾难的信息行为包括笨拙性信息行为、随意性信息行为、紊乱性信息行为、恶作剧信息行为、刑罪性信息行为和颠覆性信息行为等。在当今网络社会中,深入研究信息灾难的有关理论,切实加强信息灾难的社会治理,显得十分必要。

  16. Just show up: the importance of caring attachments in emergency services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flannery, Raymond B

    2012-01-01

    Caring attachments to others are important for health, well-being, and longevity. This is no less true when EMS are providing needed medical services to victims at a vulnerable moment in the victims' lives. This article reviews the recent medical and behavioral science findings of the psychological and physiological benefits of caring attachments. Special attention is paid to the societal state of anomie and individuals' differing levels of optimal stimulation. The review then focuses on how attachments can be utilized by EMS as they provide services to victims and how these same health benefits may accrue to their colleagues onsite as well.

  17. 黄麻夜蛾研究初报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新生; 张妙根

    1981-01-01

    黄麻夜蛾(Anomis Subulifero Guenee)属鳞翅目,夜蛾科,是黄麻的主要害虫之一,其幼虫除取食麻叶外,还危害花、果,影响麻株纤维生长和种子的产量,为了掌握该虫的发生规律,给测报提供资料,近年来我们进行了一些调查和人工饲养观察,现整理如下,供参考。

  18. 中学生网络道德行为失范现状研究--以蚌埠两所中学为例%Research on the Current Situation of Middle School Stu-dents' Network Ethics Anomie:A Case Study on Two Middle Schools of Bengbu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙会珉

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous development of information tech-nology, the network has become a requisite part of middle school students' life, exerting ubiquitous influence on their learning, en-tertainment, shopping and socializing. While enjoying the conve-nience brought by the network, middle school students are also affected by various adverse information, resulting in diverse types of network ethics anomie. This paper carried out a questionnaire survey on 543 Grade One to Grade Three students from Bengbu No.4 and No.6 Middle Schools, and the result shows that:1)mid-dle school students are the high risk group of Internet addiction;2)the phenomenon of middle school students' network ethics anomie is ubiquitous; 3)there are diverse types of network ethics anomie among middle school students; 4)middle school students' recognition on network ethics anomie is superficial.%随着信息技术的不断发展,网络已经成为中学生生活中必不可少的重要内容,学习、娱乐、购物、交友,网络的影响无处不在。中学生在享受网络带来的便利性的同时也在被各种不良信息所污染,产生各种网络道德失范行为。本研究以蚌埠第四中学和第六中学为样本,抽取高一至高三543名被试开展问卷调查,结果显示:1)中学生是网络沉迷的易发人群;2)中学生网络道德失范现象普遍存在;3)中学生网络道德失范行为种类多样;4)中学生对网络道德失范行为认识浅显。

  19. The moral legalization analysis in our country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解小平

    2013-01-01

    the moral legalization is a controversial topic, but the proper moral legalization has become a consensus. China Is in the period of social transition , the moral anomie problem has become the wounds of the state and society, through analyzing the problems existing in the moral legalization at the present stage,.proposed to fol ow the tradition and reality, try to find the ethics which is suitable for our country, The cycle of the legislation, law enforcement and judicial wil help the moral legalization, so as to create a more harmonious society.

  20. Disrecognition, moral progress and “second order disorders”: on Axel Honneth’s new theory of recognition = Desreconhecimento, progresso moral e “desordens de segunda ordem”: sobre a nova teoria do reconhecimento de Axel Honneth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza, Luiz Gustavo da Cunha de

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject matter of this article is Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition as it has been exposed in his more recent book, Das Recht der Freiheit. Throughout the paper his attempts to describe injustices within modern capitalist societies using the notions of pathologies and anomie will be analyzed and criticized, especially from the viewpoint of their inability to deal with processes and contexts of disrecognition (Aberkennung. With help of this category, Honneth’s diagnosis regarding the moral progress in modern societies, as well as his notion of second order disorders, as injustices will be confronted and, hopefully, complemented

  1. Integration eller Illusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rezaei, Shahamak; Goli, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Integration or illusion – a deviance perspective Denmark experienced one of its most successful periods of economic growth in 2004–2008 with a tremendous reduction of unemployment, which in June 2008 was around. 1.5 percent, far below the expected level of structural unemployment. In the wake of ...... they want and what they can, the deviance perspective, we believe, also reduces the theoretical and normative biases, that characterises the discrimination and integration framework, and provide more reliable explanations. Key Words: Migration, Anomy, Norm-Divergence, Over-Education...

  2. 红麻小造桥虫的天敌寄生蜂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新生; 李水春

    1984-01-01

    害虫天敌是重要的生物资源之一.为了保护和利用害虫天敌,查清我地红麻小造桥虫(Anomis flava Fabricius)的天敌寄生蜂的种类和自然寄生率;在1979—1980年调查的基础上,1981年我们进行了饲养观察和鉴定工作,现总结如下。

  3. 基于网民应对的公共事件舆论引导研究%Study on Public Opinion Guidance upon Public Events based on Netizens’Response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳璐

    2015-01-01

    The rapid spread of new media technologies and the social transformation have formed a huge challenge for public opinion guidance of the government. In view of the Merton’s anomie theory,this article constructs five basic patterns of netizens’response to public opinion guidance of the government in public events. Moreover,the patterns are divided into two categories corresponding to specified and anomie response, respectively. The anomie of netizens’ re-sponse at present means the structural social resentment and the poor political communication,and indicates the opposing relationship between government discourse and folk discourse. The social trust can be reconstructed only if the structural flaws of netizens’response are treated rationally,and the intervention strategies are adjusted for public opinion guidance. Thereby,we can achieve the goal of transforming from anomie to specification,and from communicative failure to the cheerful prospects of political communication.%新媒体技术的迅速普及以及社会转型的深化,对政府的舆论引导产生了巨大挑战。以默顿的社会失范理论为研究视角,依据引导目标和制度化手段两个维度,构建公共事件中网民应对政府舆论引导的五种基本模式,并进一步将其划分为规范应对与失范应对两大类。当下公共事件舆论引导中以失范为主的网民应对意味着社会结构性怨恨与政治沟通的失灵,显示出官方话语与民间话语的疏离乃至对立。理性对待网民应对的结构性缺陷,及时调整政府舆论引导的思路与策略,方能重建社会信任,实现从失范走向规范、从沟通失灵走向呼应共鸣的政治沟通前景。

  4. Occurring characteristic and control method of A nomis mesogona in Ganyu county%赣榆县黑莓桥夜蛾的发生为害及其防治方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜英; 胡淼; 张伟平; 刘玉惠; 孙秋平

    2009-01-01

    赣榆县从1990年开始引种黑莓.已有近20年的种植历史。笔者对黑莓病虫害的发生与为害进行了多年的调查观察。其中桥夜蛾[Anomis mesogona(Walker)]的幼虫是重要的叶、梢部害虫。而它的成虫是黑莓的重要吸果夜蛾。

  5. [The Other, the object and the social connection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlasik, Anastasia

    2015-01-01

    The Occupy Abay movement was formed in Moscow in a context of anomie. This Russian opposition movement consisted in gatherings of strangers, without any predefined ideology, the tacit objective possibly being a civilizing project. The experience of the Scratch orchestra brought together nonprofessional musicians whose performances could be linked to political acts. The psychiatric institution brings people together; it must be able to offer a response to patients' suffering. The choice of working together through multi-person practice is an option. It is based on the fact of accepting, like the two movements cited above, the "lack of a master".

  6. No Safe Heaven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu-Miao

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Adopted from the Greenwich bombing which had taken place in 1890, The Secret Agent is a dramatic portrayal of the sociological concept of “anomie” – radical disorder in the social structure and consequent personal dislocation. Despite its ironic scepticism, the novel carries with it certain implications for conduct. It does not amount to a political program, any more than it provides to a moral code, but it suggests an ideal social order through its representation of a world with order. This paper thus seeks to explore Conrad’s version of a modern world in a state of fragmentation. Keywords: Anomie, Dislocation, Social Order, Conrad

  7. Charisma and attachment theory: a crossdisciplinary interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aberbach, D

    1995-08-01

    The attachment theory of Bowlby and his followers has not previously been applied to the interpretation of charismatic phenomena in the bonding of large numbers of people with their leaders in crisis. This essay, which builds on the author's 'Surviving trauma: loss, literature and psychoanalysis', attempts to use attachment theory and sociological concepts such as homogamy, anomie, negative imprinting and de-individuation, as well as classical Freudian concepts such as transference and splitting of the ego, in interpreting the charismatic bond. It is argued that charismatic homogamy becomes viable at the point of intersection between the inner world of the charismatic leader and social and political reality. The bonding of the individual and the public may be based partly upon a symbolic link between public crisis and the charismatic's experience of trauma that has deeply scarred or even ended the affectional bonds in his family of orientation. This trauma, however, is a source of insight and power as well as of disability, for it has schooled him in crisis and given him the capacity to offer directional leadership. The charismatic and his society are bonded in crisis through a mutual attempt to break free of anomie and alienation, and a sense of powerlessness and despair. PMID:8543437

  8. 论生产道德的重构与实现路径%Reconstruction of Production Morals and Its Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱中原; 黄明明

    2012-01-01

    经济转型期社会生产道德失范现象愈发严重。经济转型压力是社会生产道德失范的直接动因,但其本源却是人们对生产力理论的误读。社会财富的增加是实现社会共富的物质基础。无德生产本身并不是劳动过程,其不能创造社会财富。重构生产道德是实现社会共富的必由之路。国家、企业和学界都要认真思考、探求重构生产道德的理念和路径。%Social production moral anomie has become more and more serious in economic transition period. The economic transformation pressure is its direct cause, but its fundamental reason is that people misread the productivity theory. The increase of social wealth is the material base of realizing social common pros- perity. Moral anomie production itself is not a labor process, which can't create social wealth. Reconstructing production moral is an inevitable course to realize social common prosperity. The state, enterprises and academic circle should do some careful research and seek reconstructing production moral's concepts and courses.

  9. 我国公务员职业伦理构建的路径分析%An Analysis of Professional Ethical Construction of Civil Servants in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷宁

    2015-01-01

    文章基于职业伦理的概念,分析了目前我国公务员职业伦理失范的表现,从深层和具体两个角度分别阐释了其失范产生的原因,并在此基础上为我国公务员职业伦理的构建提出了三种路径:一是政治性的分权与自治;二是结构性的主观责任和客观责任的平衡;三是基于反思装置和伦理基因的制度性设计。%In this paper, based on the concept of professional ethics, we analyzed professional ethics anomie of civil servants in China at present and explained the cause of the anomie from deep and specific angles. Therefore, we put forward three paths to the construction of professional ethics of civil servants of our country. The first is the decentralization and autonomy of politics; the second is the balance of subjective and objective responsibility in structure; the third is institutional design with the reflection of structure and occupational habits.

  10. A time series analysis of international immigration and suicide mortality in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trovato, F

    1986-01-01

    A neglected topic concerning suicide as a sociological phenomenon is the relationship between international immigration and suicide mortality. This study examines the association between these variables using time series data for the period 1950 to 1982 in Canada. The central hypothesis, derived from the Durkheimian theory of social integration and suicide, is that the higher the immigration rate, the higher the rate of suicide. Two statistical controls, the unemployment rate and age composition, drawn from the "economic anomie" and "social demographic" perspectives respectively were introduced into a multiple regression model involving immigration and suicide. While some of the results in the initial stages of the analysis appear to contradict the established literature concerning the relevance of immigration and unemployment in predicting suicide, more refined breakdowns which allow for the separate investigation of male and female suicide propensities, generally support the social integration and economic anomie theories. It is concluded that the 15-34 male cohort is highly sensitive to changes in their economic prospects and in their immigration experience and therefore, have higher suicide rates than women in the same age group. PMID:3733348

  11. Charisma and attachment theory: a crossdisciplinary interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aberbach, D

    1995-08-01

    The attachment theory of Bowlby and his followers has not previously been applied to the interpretation of charismatic phenomena in the bonding of large numbers of people with their leaders in crisis. This essay, which builds on the author's 'Surviving trauma: loss, literature and psychoanalysis', attempts to use attachment theory and sociological concepts such as homogamy, anomie, negative imprinting and de-individuation, as well as classical Freudian concepts such as transference and splitting of the ego, in interpreting the charismatic bond. It is argued that charismatic homogamy becomes viable at the point of intersection between the inner world of the charismatic leader and social and political reality. The bonding of the individual and the public may be based partly upon a symbolic link between public crisis and the charismatic's experience of trauma that has deeply scarred or even ended the affectional bonds in his family of orientation. This trauma, however, is a source of insight and power as well as of disability, for it has schooled him in crisis and given him the capacity to offer directional leadership. The charismatic and his society are bonded in crisis through a mutual attempt to break free of anomie and alienation, and a sense of powerlessness and despair.

  12. 基于营销过程的网络营销道德评价研究%Research on Network Marketing Moral Evaluation Based on Marketing Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬敏; 谢立仁; 孙毓

    2014-01-01

    文中以网络营销道德失范问题对消费者、商家和社会造成的负面影响为研究对象,在进行了网络营销过程阶段划分的基础上,全面分析网络营销的各阶段中可能出现的道德失范行为,构建一套完整的网络营销道德评价体系,根据实证研究结果发现影响网络营销道德失范的关键要素,提出加强网络营销道德建设的对策和建议。研究结果显示,网站信息真实性是形成网络营销道德失范行为的关键要素;物流服务真实性、售后评价真实性是形成网络营销道德失范行为的主要因素;因此网络营销道德建设需要从树立正确积极的诚信营销观念,可靠的信息系统和电子平台建设,相关法律法规政策的完善等方面进行。%A study was made of the negative impact of network marketing anomie behaviors on consumers ,merchants and society .Based on the division of the netw ork marketing stages ,the netw ork marketing anomie behaviors at each stage was analyzed .And then the network marketing moral evaluation index system was built ,its empirical study reveals the key factors influencing the network marketing anomie behaviors ,and suggests ,the countermeasures to strengthen the network marketing . The result indicates that the authenticity of the website information is a key factor for network marketing immoralities ,and the authenticity of logistics services and the customer service evaluation is the major factor .So the network marketing ethics construction need the positive concept of honest marketing ,a reliable information system and an electronic platform and perfect relevant law s ,regulations and policies .

  13. Investigation on Spatial Patterns of Crime against Women Case Study: Street Offences in Zanjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal Mohammadi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Presently, a major problem in Zanjan is the frequency of Social Anomies, and most specifically street offences against women. This undesirable phenomenon has most seriously jeopardized the citizen’s health and life to the extent that it has become a concern of police and judicial authorities. The purpose of this study is to analyze the judicial structure of these anomies in the city of Zanjan and to identify spatial patterns and facilitating factors for this crime to be committed, in order to fight and control the areas that are inflicted with such crimes, using statistical models and geographical data organization. This study utilizes a comparative analytical method. To identify and recognize spatial patterns of offences in the city, graphics-based and statistical models have been used in Geographic Information System (GIS environment. Mean center test and standard deviation ellipse include the most important statistical tests used in this study. To identify the crime spots, the closest neighborhood indicator has been used as the test of clustering. This study benefits from statistical tests as well as graphics-based statistical methods, including Kernel Density Estimation. The statistical population of this study includes total street offences that have occurred in the city of Zanjan within one year. The findings of this study reveal that the spatial distribution of street offences against women in the city of Zanjan follows a centralized and clustered pattern. Also, the mean center of this crime is mainly located at geographic center of the city and the central district. According to the findings of this study, Zanjan is the third city where the occurrence of street offences is most highly frequent, with a rate of 14.78%. The most significant area include Enghelab Intersection, Sadi Intersection, Zeynabiyeh St., Taleghani St., Arg Sq., Haft-e-Tir Terminal, and most specifically the central part of Zanjan. To improve the security and to

  14. Magnetic dynamic effects in TbMn1-x(Ga/ScxO3 samples (x=0.4, 0.5, 0.6.

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    García J.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic properties of strongly doped TbMnO3 with non-magnetic ions, such as Ga and Sc, has been studied focused in the intermediate region (0.4≤x≤0.6 where long range ferromagnetic ordering was reported for La-based compounds. All samples are single phase and show a perovskite structure with orthorhombic unit cell, space group Pbnm. The Tb-based compounds do not show long range magnetic order but magnetic anomies are noticeable at low temperature. These anomalies show magnetic irreversibility and dynamic effects typical of magnetic glassy systems. These features have been studied in detail using ac magnetic susceptibility and the analysis shows the largest magnetic correlations for x=0.5 in both type of substitutions.

  15. The Iconic Essence of Sovereignty

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    Giuseppe CASCIONE

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims to investigate the relation between the dawn of the National State in the early Renaissance and the concepts of crisis/apocalypse on one side and visible power on the other. The hypothesis is that without representation there is no State at all. Furthermore we will suggest that the role of the visibility of the state is related to its capability to be the “cement of society”, that is to say to face the risk of the anomy. This study is based on the research of one of the most important Italian philosophers, Massimo Cacciari and on the work of the well-known German historian Ernst Hartvig Kantorowicz, and in particular of his masterpiece, The King’s Two Bodies.

  16. Primary socialization theory: comments on racism, sexism, generational neglect, abuse, and abandonment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, S A

    1999-06-01

    This article asks whether primary socialization theory adequately deals with the most distressed and disadvantaged members of society, whether for most of them the family, school, and peers are the primary sources of socialization. Children who are subjected to the effects of racism, sexism, physical and mental abuse, inferior dangerous schools, and abandonment to foster care from birth may find other sources of primary socialization which can be either negative and positive. "Nihilism" and "anomie" are used to describe such children's position in their societies, and the article asks if those without benefit of the three primary sources of socialization can find ways to create new and positive norms, or whether they are doomed to lives of hopelessness and deviance. [Translations are provided in the International Abstracts Section of this issue.] PMID:10359218

  17. Rente und subnationale Gewalt. Der Beitrag der politischen Ökonomie

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    Hartmut Elsenhans

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Rents are a basic element of the political economy of underdeveloped economies. They hinder and often block the mechanism of social integration through gainful employment and veto the power of labour, which characterizes capitalist societies and the constitution of citizenship. The impact of rent on political structures is, however, ambiguous. Anomie is only one possible result. Hence the link between raw material exports and non-state violence is also ambiguous. Many societies, which are characterized by rents, have developed quite powerful mechanisms of keeping internal peace, possibly with limited participation. The conditions of differential impacts of rent on social structures and political behaviour call for an analysis of internal interest mediation.

  18. Democracy versus the Domination of Instrumental Rationality: Defending Dewey’s Argument for Democracy as an Ethical Way of Life

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    Justin Cruickshank

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For some, the problem with the domination of instrumental rationality is the tendency towards anomie. However, this fails to recognise the instrumental use of norms by elite groups to manipulate public opinion. Such manipulation can then allow elite groups to treat the citizenry as a means for the pursuit of their self-interest. Horkheimer was one of the first to recognise the problem in this form, but was unable to offer any solution because he conceptualised the citizenry as passive. By contrast, Dewey argued for an active citizenry to value participation in public life as good in, and of, itself. This is associated with his conception of democracy as an ethical way of life offering the possibility for the domination of instrumental rationality to be transcended. In this article Dewey’s resolution of the problem is addressed in the light of the weaknesses attributed here to Horkheimer and to later developments by Bellah, Bernstein, Gellner, Habermas and Honneth.

  19. Abstracts of Selected Papers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Social Solidarity of Organization An Empirical Analysis Li Hanlin Abstract: Based on the 2002 survey data, this paper tries to measure solidarity in organization. The operationalization for this measurement goes from two points of view. One is from the degree of cohesion and another one is from the degree of vulnerability. To observe and measure the degree of cohesion three subscales like social support, vertical integration and organizational identity have been used. To observe and measure the degree of vulnerability other three subscales like dissatisfaction, relative deprivation and anomie have been used. The paper tries to explore finally under which condition the organization behavior and behavior orientation could go to the similarity or make some difference. Key words: Organization Cohesion Vulnerability Organization Behavior

  20. When West Meets East: Generalizing Theory and Expanding the Conceptual Toolkit of Criminology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messner, Steven F.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the ways in which established criminological theories born and nurtured in the West might need to be transformed to be applicable to the context of East Asian societies. The analyses focus on two theoretical perspectives—Situational Action Theory and Institutional Anomie Theory—that are located at opposite ends of the continuum with respect to levels of analysis. I argue that the accumulated evidence from cross-cultural psychology and criminological research in East Asian societies raises serious questions about the feasibility of simply transporting these perspectives from the West to the East. Instead, my analyses suggest that the formulation of theoretical explanations of crime that are truly universal will require criminologists to create and incorporate new concepts that are more faithful to the social realities of non-Western societies, societies such as those in East Asia and Asia more generally. PMID:27087864

  1. Editorial - Letter from the Editors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Heitmeyer

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We are pleased to announce a number of additions to the Journal’s Advisory Board. We warmly welcome Julia Eckert (Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, Barbara Krahé (University of Potsdam, Gary LaFree (University of Maryland, and Loïc Wacquant (University of California, Berkeley. We are sure their expertise will provide valuable inputs for the journal’s future work and interdisciplinary approach.This time—as advertised in the spring issue—the focus section is on the topic of anomie/anomia. We would like to thank the guest editors, Steven F. Messner (University of Albany, New York and Helmut Thome (Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg for the very fruitful and productive collaboration, and the impressive collection of papers they have put together.

  2. Malcolm X: Rasismus, islám, politika a násilí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karel Černý

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses ever changing life, attitudes, rhetorics and identities of one of the most influential and controversial Afro-American leaders of the second half of the 20th century, Malxolm X. It claims that the most important, however not single, determinant of his life experience had been American racism, namely segregation in the South and especially discrimination in the North. The paper than focuses on changing adaptation strategies toward the racism, especially in terms of attitudes toward religion, politics and violence. It uses R. K. Merton theory of adaptation (anomie to contrast the various life stages of Malcolm X that are characteristic with radical discontinuities and as such create very flexible, however dramatic, life course of Malcolm X that is in this respect significantly different from the other Afro-American leaders of the 20th century.

  3. Factors influencing citizen participation in community management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shamai

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this study is to assess the factors affecting citizen participation in community management in district 13 of Tehran Municipality. Measured variables are: social cohesion, profitable partnerships, social-economic agencies, trust among civilians, trust in municipality management, feelings of powerlessness and social anomie. The results of the implementation of Pearson correlation test show that all of these variables had significant relationships with community participation in neighborhood management. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that three variables of social cohesion, profitable partnerships and socio-economic status had explained 37% of changes in citizen participation in community management while the changing social cohesion maintained the highest impact.

  4. Teoría moral y anomia

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    Riba, Jordi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available From the distinction between the concept of anomie of Durkheim and Guyau, is exposed as Guyau taking that concept describes the need of the moral theory to take a turn in his conception. For Guyau the moral stops configured as a universal law, to become an individualistic conception of morality. For Guyau the process is not only inevitable, also it is desirable.

    A partir de la distinción entre la concepción de anomia de Durkheim y Guyau, en este texto se expone como Guyau tomando dicho concepto describe la necesidad que tiene la teoría moral de dar un giro en su concepción. Para Guyau la moral deja de configurarse como ley universal, para convertirse en una concepción individualista de la moral. Para Guyau el proceso no solo es inevitable sino deseable.

  5. 构建清季民初国家与学术互动的历史

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张仲民

    2004-01-01

    @@ 甲午中日战争的失利,引发了中国思想界的知识论危机,在这样的大语境下,心理上处于"失序"(Anomie)状态的晚清中国士人对于什么是国学,国学是否为"学",在西力冲击下,国学是否有碍于近代中国"走向世界",以及国学自身怎样因应时代、在中西"学战"中脱胎换骨地"走向世界"等问题开始了思考.

  6. Siðfræði og fagmennska í heimi fáránleikans: Um siðrof og útlaga í kvikmynd Sams Peckinpahs The Wild Bunch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Þórólfur Þórlíndsson

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Sam Peckinpah’s movie The Wild Bunch is a multilevel drama about an aging group of outlaws, trying to exist in a rapidly changing world. This paper analysis the movie from different sociological perspectives on three levels. First, it is argued that the movie provides an interesting example and an elaboration of Durkheim’s macrolevel theory of anomie. Second, at the micro level the movie describes the face to face interaction between gangmembers in terms of a symbolic interactionism in the tradition of Mead and Goffman. Third, at the individual level the gangmembers behave in many ways as existential heroes. These different levels of social science analysis come together to form a single coherent story line in Peckinpah’s complex portrayal of the Wild Bunch.

  7. 宗教与建构一个好社会的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈纳

    2013-01-01

    本文聚焦于现代社会中普遍存在的社会结构与文化之间存在明显断裂的现象,借鉴涂尔干提出的社会失范(anomie)概念,来理解在日益非人格化的现代社会中存在的现代主义、享乐主义、大众文化和多元价值所造成的文化矛盾、信仰危机和道德失落等问题;探讨在传统宗教价值衰落之际,现代人找回信仰的根基和归宿,并重塑文化聚合力的种种可能.

  8. A lei e a anomia nas torcidas organizadas de futebol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Figueiredo Carneiro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article shows, from an analysis based on the psychoanalytic metapsychology, a reflection upon the law and the state of anomie that has characterized the relationships in the organized rooters when these turn the public space for leisure activities into a field of social tension. It is understood that the movement of the fan clubs represents the character in this social scenario which is guided by relationships that arise from the transgression of the rules and the disbelief in the constituted power. In this context, the rooters¿ acts can be considered as anomic and at the same time they can be an indicator of a desire of totalitarianism that the subject has. The finding of violent acts and the frailty of social ties indicates the homogenization of the singularities. The result is the denial of the otherness, the emptying of the subjective representations and the inconsistency of the representatives of the law nowadays.

  9. A Sociological Analysis of University Students Attitude\\\\\\'s toward Suicide

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    Akbar Aliverdinia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research is sociological study of Razi university students of Kermanshah attitude's toward suicide. The research method of this study is survey and the data was gathered by self-administered questionnaire. The sample size of this study was 380 cases of all students of Razi university of Kermanshah in 86-87 education year. Durkheim's suicide theory was used as theoretical framework. The independent variables of this study were social support, family Control, delinquency behavior, anomie and fatalism. Results of multivariable regression analysis show that six hypotheses From eight hypotheses were supported and family support variable was the strongest predictor of tendency toward suicide. Other sicnificant predictors of tendency toward suicide were delinquency behavior, family Control and fatalism.

  10. Culture and cooperation in a spatial public goods game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stivala, Alex; Kashima, Yoshihisa; Kirley, Michael

    2016-09-01

    We study the coevolution of culture and cooperation by combining the Axelrod model of cultural dissemination with a spatial public goods game, incorporating both noise and social influence. Both participation and cooperation in public goods games are conditional on cultural similarity. We find that a larger "scope of cultural possibilities" in the model leads to the survival of cooperation, when noise is not present, and a higher probability of a multicultural state evolving, for low noise rates. High noise rates, however, lead to both rapid extinction of cooperation and collapse into cultural "anomie," in which stable cultural regions fail to form. These results suggest that cultural diversity can actually be beneficial for the evolution of cooperation, but that cultural information needs to be transmitted accurately in order to maintain both coherent cultural groups and cooperation.

  11. El Behemoth colombiano: teoría del Estado, violencia y paz

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    Jorge Andrés Hernández

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The building of the modern state in Europe was part of an historic process that reacted to the violence of the Wars of Religion (16th to 17th centuries and established the bases of peace and order for modern life in the West. This article reviews the theoretical bases of the theory of the state in terms of a Hobbesian dualism, symbolized by the figures of Leviathan (peace, order and Behemoth (violence, anomie, in order to examine the historic failure in Colombia to construct a modern state. In effect, Colombia has been unable to construct an impersonal entity capable of subduing its multiple armed competitors and creating the conditions for peace and order.

  12. What Explains Criminal Violence in Mexico City? A Test of Two Theories of Crime

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    Carlos Vilalta

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available There are competing theories of what drives crime in cities and neighbourhoods. Two widely cited theoretical approaches focused on social disorganization and institutional anomie propose different explanations for the causes and dynamics of criminality. Yet these theories are seldom empirically tested, much less acknowledged, outside of North America and Western Europe. This article considers their applicability in Mexico’s capital, a sprawling metropolis of more than 20 million people. The authors administer spatial and general statistical tests to explain the geographical patterns of crime rates across multiple forms of criminality. The assessment demonstrates that both theories accurately predict the spatial distribution of crime. The article concludes with a host of policy conclusions, emphasizing social crime prevention over more traditional law and order measures. and consolidating families, parents and childcare.

  13. Ukraine: On the border between old and new in uncertain times

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    Brienna Perelli-Harris

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This chapter provides an overview of the demographic situation in Ukraine, including explanations for the decline to very low fertility and changes in family policy. Drawing on official statistics, survey data, and focus group interviews, the analysis shows that the country's decline to lowest-low fertility is primarily due to the postponement of or the reduction in second births, as opposed to the postponement of first births. The chapter includes a discussion on the link between low fertility and changing marriage patterns, contraceptive prevalence, and abortion. The author then reviews the evidence for the leading explanations of fertility decline in Ukraine, including economic uncertainty, social anomie, the Second Demographic Transition, and unequal gender relations. In addition, the author proposes unexplored factors that may lead to fertility limitation, such as the increasing difficulty of combining work and childrearing, insufficient housing, changes in intergenerational support, and the deterioration of health lifestyles and marital relations.

  14. 电子信息时代网络媒体工作者职业道德问题探讨%Study on the Problems of network media workers' Occupation moral in the Electronic Information Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文晴

    2013-01-01

    Occupation moral problems in network media workers is developed and produced accompanied by the development of the network media in the electronic information age,has now become the criticism of network media development.In this article,through the analysis of the anomie phenomenon of network media worker' occupation moral and put forward a series of measures.%  网络媒体工作者的职业道德问题是伴随着电子信息时代网络媒体的发展而产生和发展起来的,如今已经成为网络媒体发展的诟病。本文通过对网络媒体工作者职业道德失范现象进行分析从而提出一系列解决措施。

  15. Liberation psychological implications for pastoral care of Korean military wives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Bocheol

    2010-01-01

    Native Korean women frequently suffer poverty, sexual violence, and Confucian gender discrimination. Once in America Korean military wives also experience racial and sexual oppression, intercultural familial conflicts and violence, and identity crisis and lead to feelings of isolation and non-belonging, a sense of anomie. Korean American pastors tend to understate and oversimplify the complexity of psychological and spiritual suffering of Korean military wives and overemphasize individual faith development as a solution. Liberation psychology evolved from an awareness of similar dehumanizing realities. The context-based perspective of liberation psychology offers a model to interpret and assist in the psychological and spiritual healing of Korean military wives. The healing power of conscientization offered in Liberation psychology for oppressed individuals encourages self-awakening suggesting it as an ideal interventional model to help Korean military wives and would be a useful approach for Korean American pastors. PMID:21404760

  16. ANOMIA, ANORMALITÀ E PATOLOGIA: ALCUNE NOTE SULLA RELAZIONE TRA FILOSOFIA, SCIENZE UMANE E PSICHIATRIA

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    Delio Salottolo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we intend to analyse the relationship between philosophy, psychiatry and, in wider terms, among human sciences. The key issue is here identified as the mechanism that produces the relationship between physiology (normality and pathology in medical and the human sciences. The path that we will follow is divided into three stages: first, we will analyse the confusion between fact and value (i.e.; between the quantitative and qualitative dimension in the human phenomenon; second, we will approach the connection between the birth of the human sciences and the emergence of the device normal/pathological (Comte and the principle Broussais; Durkheim and the notion of anomie in relation to the division of labour and suicide; finally, we will touch upon the ultimate question about psychiatry: is it a science of “man” (Binswanger or a knowledge/power based device that determines the structure of modernity (Foucault?

  17. Notas sobre dois livros de MacIntyre Notes on two books by MacIntyre

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    Isabel Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Os conceitos centrais da teoria da justiça desenvolvida por Alasdair MacIntyre - prática, narrativa e tradição - ocupam o núcleo da análise feita acerca de dois de seus livros: Depois da Virtude e Justiça de Quem? Qual racionalidade?. O artigo considera a relação, em MacIntyre, entre ética e história, virtude e relativismo, bem como apresenta seu conceito do Eu, como corretivos à anomia contemporânea.The central concepts of MacIntyre's approach to justice - practice, narrative and tradition - constitute the main trust of the analysis of two of his books: After Virtue and Whose justice? Which rationality? The article elaborates on the relationship of ethics to history, of virtues to relativism as well as his conception of the self as correctives to the pervasive anomie in contemporary societies.

  18. The Study of the Psychological Crisis of Enterprise Employee——Case Study of FSK%企业员工心理危机探因——FSK事件的个案分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘竞适

    2012-01-01

    Three major factors,namely,Foxconn's management policies,Chinese media's reports on the Foxconn suicides,and the rural-urban household registration system in China,have contributed to Foxconn's series of suicides.First,Foxconn's military-like management policies on assembly lines and campus life increase the sense of alienation,isolation,and deprivation,which increases the state of egoism-anomie.The state of egoism-anomie increases the likelihood of suicides.Second,the high publicity of Foxconn's suicides contributes to an increased likelihood of subsequent suicides in Foxconn by provoking potential imitative suicides.Third,the constraints imposed on the rural migrant workers by the household registration system limit Foxconn workers' choices.%FSK集团公司的管理规则、媒体对FSK自杀事件的报道以及中国的城乡二元户籍制度等三个因素,对FSK自杀事件起到了主要的推动作用。第一,军事化管理规则,强化了员工的异化感、孤离感和被剥削感,从而导致利己失范现象和自杀可能性的增加;第二,媒体对自杀事件的高度曝光诱发了潜在的自杀模仿效应,从而增大了之后自杀事件发生的可能性;第三,户口登记制度对农民工的限制,导致了心理的极度脆弱,从而加大了员工自杀的风险。

  19. Types of rape victimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Behavior of rape victims is an enigma associated with the following phenomena: poverty, transition, legal weaknesses, and unintegrated mental health network. The aim of the study was to investigate rape victimization in relation to anomie, stress and postwar transition-related weaknesses in B&H in the period 1996-2005; and perform a personal analysis of rape victims. Material and methods: The experimental group consisted of rape victims receiving psychiatric treatment: non-violent victimization (n=125. It included random female victims with mental diseases: victimization by abuse of power and unclear victimization. The control group consisted of violent victimization victims (n=125, females. This was a multicentric, longitudinal, prospective study. Intercorrelation, univariate and canonical discrimination analyses were performed. Results Rape offenders were of male gender (c2 = 29.970 statistical significance p<0.001, from broken families was (c2 = 0.830, migration (c2 = 0.064, and heredity (c2 = 0.406. Victimization was classified as non-violent, social, unclear and violent. Non-violent victimization occurred in 19.03% (2001 to 24.46% (2004. Abuse of mental patients was recorded in 16.08% (2002 and 22.61% (2000, and abuse of power in 2.12% (2000 and 3.55% (2000, whereas unclear rape occurred in 0.88% (2004 and 1.74% (2002. We have found that patients from the primary group are significantly more anxious and depressed in total score and in individual items. Conclusion: Non-violent victimization was committed by persons with impaired intelligence, acute psychotic crisis, and substance abuse. Social victimization and criminally unclear rapes were of transitional character. Victimization was caused by (postwar anomy, poverty, stress and violence. It is given insufficient significance because of high prevalence and "dark number" of victims. The study emphasizes the role of psychiatry as well as weakness of the system in the

  20. Research on Problems and Countermeasures of College Students’Lack of Consciousness of Network Responsibility under the New Media Environment%新媒体环境下大学生网络责任意识的缺失及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕菲

    2016-01-01

    Under the environment of new media,the transmission of information becomes faster and is not restrained.At the same time,it brings convenience to college students'life,and makes the absence of college students’consciousness of network responsibility.The deficiency mainly shows in network be-haviors anomie and speech anomie such as not being able to make reasonable use of new media and pub-lishing radical opinions in the internet affected by the false allegation.Aiming at the present situation of college students’lack of consciousness of network responsibility,combining with the characteristics of new media,college students’self-discipline should be cultivated and the form of their consciousness of network responsibility can be promoted by establishing the corresponding supervision and management mechanism.%在新媒体的环境下,信息的传播变得快捷和不受约束,在给大学生的生活带来便利的同时,也使得他们的网络责任意识开始出现缺失。这些缺失主要表现为他们不能合理利用新媒体从而导致网络行为失范和言论失范的行为。针对大学生网络责任意识缺失的现状,结合新媒体的特点,通过建立起相应的监督管理机制,培养大学生的自律性,从而促进大学生网络责任意识的养成。

  1. A healthy mistrust: how worldview relates to attitudes about breast cancer screening in a cross-sectional survey of low-income women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shariff-Marco Salma

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Perceived racial discrimination is one factor which may discourage ethnic minorities from using healthcare. However, existing research only partially explains why some persons do accept health promotion messages and use preventive care, while others do not. This analysis explores 1 the psychosocial characteristics of those, within disadvantaged groups, who identify their previous experiences as racially discriminatory, 2 the extent to which perceived racism is associated with broader perspectives on societal racism and powerlessness, and 3 how these views relate to disadvantaged groups' expectation of mistreatment in healthcare, feelings of mistrust, and motivation to use care. Methods Using survey data from 576 African-American women, we explored the prevalence and predictors of beliefs and experiences related to social disengagement, racial discrimination, desired and actual racial concordance with medical providers, and fear of medical research. We then used both sociodemographic characteristics, and experiences and attitudes about disadvantage, to model respondents' scores on an index of personal motivation to receive breast cancer screening, measuring screening knowledge, rejection of fatalistic explanatory models of cancer, and belief in early detection, and in collaborative models of patient-provider responsibility. Results Age was associated with lower motivation to screen, as were depressive symptoms, anomie, and fear of medical research. Motivation was low among those more comfortable with African-American providers, regardless of current provider race. However, greater awareness of societal racism positively predicted motivation, as did talking to others when experiencing discrimination. Talking was most useful for women with depressive symptoms. Conclusion Supporting the Durkheimian concepts of both anomic and altruistic suicide, both disengagement (depression, anomie, vulnerability to victimization, and

  2. A Research in Social Apathy in IRAN (Case Research : Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Mohseni Tabrizi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the necessity and importance of identifying the factors involved and affecting social apathy as a social problem among citizens of Tehran, this research work uses a theoretical framework already compiled and presents an initial theoretical pattern in order to study the subject and assesses some theories.   This research work aims to identity scientifically and experimentally the subject of social apathy, to evaluate its correlation with field variables and eight social independent variables in order to determine the rate of effect of each item on the social apathy. Using measurement method studies were done on a sample including 850 persons, over 18 years old, residing in the city of Tehran, in 2008. Among variables of race, profession, and education from among field characteristics, difference was observed, and among all main independent variables, i.e. Anomie, Social Trust, Social Efficacy, Social Satisfaction, Relative Deprivation, Individualism, Cost-Reward Analysis, and Social Commitment a meaningful relation was observed.   Meanwhile as a result of multivariable analysis, a meaningful relation in a level more than 99% was found as to the theory of existence of a relation between independent variables and the dependent variable. It was found out that about 0.40% of the changes in social apathy can be determined by five independent variables i.e. Social Commitment, Individualism, Anomie, Social Satisfaction and Relative Deprivation.   The experimental results already obtained showed that the rate of social apathy among citizens of Tehran is more than an average level and the level is changeable as per the fluctuations in the said five variables, and it is possible to predict such changes by these factors.   Finally, the necessary experimental, explanatory and theoretical deductions for these social subjects were presented.

  3. 大学生网络失范行为的规范策略探析%Research on the Specification of College Students' Improper Behaviors on the Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘绿丝

    2012-01-01

    大学生网络失范行为是高校在读大学生在网络交际、网络使用过程中违反法律、法规和社会道德的有一定社会危害性的行为,主要表现为情感失范行为、道德失范行为、价值失范行为和法律失范行为四类。大学生网络失范行为的产生包括外部诱因和内部诱因两方面,其中外部诱因主要包括政府部门监管不力、社会网络媒体失责、高校思政教育滞后以及家庭监管影响降低,内部诱因主要是大学生自身成长阶段的缺陷。对大学生网络失范行为进行规范,应强化政府监管,促进网络文化健康安全发展;加强社会力量监管,形成网络监管合力;加强高校思想政治教育,充分发挥高校引导职能;同时大学生要加强网络自律,合理规划职业生涯。%College students'improper behaviors on the internet means college students violate the laws, regulations and social moral- ity, and make some act that endangers society in their network communication or network use process. It mainly express four categories, such as emotional anomie behavior, immoralitial behavior, value anomie behavior and legal anomie be- havior. Causes of students'improper behaviors include external and internal incentives. External incentives include inef- fective supervision of government departments, social network media default, ideological and political education lag, and reduction of the impact of domestic regulatory. Internal incentive is mainly the defect of students themselves accompa- nied by their growth. To specify students'improper behaviors, govemment regulation should be strengthened to promote the health and safety of the network culture development ; the supervision of the social forces should be strengthened to form a network of regulatory efforts; the ideological and political education should be strengthened to give the college guide functions full play; college students should strengthen their

  4. 证据法的运行机制与社会控制功能%Operational Mechanism and Social Control Function of Evidence Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑飞

    2014-01-01

    我国诸多社会失范现象有着复杂的成因,这要求法律制度必须作出必要的回应。但目前我国证据制度中的规则缺位,不仅导致其难以很好地回应某些社会失范现象,甚至还加剧了事态的严重性。作为规制司法审判事实认定过程的证据法,应当具备促进事实真相发现和维护社会普遍价值的双重功能。正是在求真与求善的价值权衡过程中,证据法对于解决中国的某些社会失范现象将有所助力。因为通过证据筛选、举证激励、行为制裁、动机保护和证据裁定救济等运行机制,证据法能够发挥降低错案风险、抑制司法腐败和保障被追诉者人权等直接社会控制功能,以及保护社会关系和增进社会福利等间接社会控制功能。因此,我们必须认真对待证据法。%Many kinds of social anomie in China have some complex reasons, which require law system giving neces-sary response. However, the absence of some evidence rules in Chinese current evidence system resulted in that law sys-tem cannot well response these social anomies, and even made the situation becoming more serious. Evidence Law, as the legal norm regulating fact-finding in the trial, has two functions: one is promoting the discovery of truth, and the other is maintaining some social common values. In the weighing process of seeking truth and seeking goods, evidence law is help-ful to solve some social anomies. Through the evidence filter mechanism, evidence incentive mechanism, behavior sanction mechanism, motivation protection mechanism and evidence verdict relief mechanism, evidence law can play the directly so-cial control function of reducing the risk of misjudged cases, curbing judicial corruption and guaranteeing the human rights of the accused, and the indirect social control function of protecting social relations and improving social welfare. There-fore, we should take evidence law seriously.

  5. 大学生网络道德失范问题的成因浅析%Cause of College Students' Network Moral Degeneration Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付伟

    2015-01-01

    互联网作为信息化时代的产物,在丰富和扩展大学生学习和生活的同时,其危害和负面影响也在不断地显露出来,其表现之一就是大学生的网络道德失范问题.这不仅给大学生的健康成长造成一定影响,而且严重威胁着社会的和谐稳定.本文通过对周口师范学院大学生的实际调查,经过分析和总结,笔者认为造成当代大学生网络道德失范的主要原因有大学生自身的知、情、信、意、行等方面存在的问题和社会、学校等方面的综合作用.希望有关部门能提出相应的对策,以提高大学生的网络道德素质,达到促进"四有"新人培养的目标.%Internet as a product of the information age, the rich and at the same time expand college students study and life, the harm and negative impacts are constantly exposed, network moral anomie performance is one of its college students. This not only causes a certain impact on the healthy growth of college students, but also a serious threat to social harmony and sta-bility. Based on Zhoukou Normal College Students in the actual investigation, through analysis and summary, I believe that the main cause of students' network moral anomie of contemporary existence of aspects of the students themselves know, love, faith, meaning, line problems and the community, schools, etc. the combined effects of respect. The author hopes the relevant departments to propose appropriate measures to improve network moral quality of university students, to promote the"four"new talents training target.

  6. Sport, and use of anabolic androgenic steroids among Icelandic high school students: a critical test of three perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halldorsson Vidar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study investigates the use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS among a national representative sample of high school students in Iceland. We test several hypotheses drawn from three perspectives. The first perspective focuses on the use of AAS as an individual phenomenon motivated by the desire to succeed in sport. The second perspective views the use of AAS as shaped by norms and values embedded in social relationships of formally organized sport. The third perspective suggests that factors outside sport, which have been shown to correlate with the use of other substances, predict the use of AAS. Method We use logistic regression and predicted probabilities to analyze data from a national representative survey of 11031 Icelandic high school students. Results Our results indicated that the use of AAS is not significantly related to participation in formally organized sports. However, it positively relates to fitness and physical training in informal contexts. We found a relatively strong relationship between the use of AAS and the use of illicit substances and a moderate relationship between AAS use and alcohol and tobacco consumption. We also found a significant negative relationship between AAS use and school integration and school achievement, and a significant positive relationship between AAS use and school anomie. The relation between AAS use and family-related variables was weaker. Finally, we found that the relationship between sport participation, physical exercise, and AAS use varies across levels of anomie and integration. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the use of AAS and especially illegal substances should be considered more as a social and a health problem rather than a sport specific issue. We found that high school students participating in fitness and informal training outside of formally organized sport clubs are the main risk group and should be the target of prevention efforts. However, this

  7. 论高校教师管理的伦理基础与伦理规约%On the Ethical Foundations and Ethical Stipulations of Faculty Management in Higher Education Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄景文; 胡彰

    2014-01-01

    Ethical foundations of faculty management in higher education institutions is ethical value o‐rientation ,structure models and rules paradigm by w hich the higher education institutions manage their teachers .Ethical stipulations of faculty management is management concepts and management techniques ,organizational structure and a series of statute model and implementing rules with educa‐tion related parties .To clarify the ethical foundations and ethical stipulations of faculty management of higher education institutions is of great significance in implementing the scientific ,rational and ef‐fective human resources management .Combined with the current university teachers'ethical anomie and logical reasoning ,the paper aims to study the problem of ethical foundations and ethical stipula‐tions of faculty management in higher education institutions .The ethical foundations of teachers of higher education institutions include teachers'responsibility ,diathesis ,virtues ,personality and other foundations .The ethical stipulations of faculty management of higher education institutions should follow as cognitive ethics ,responsibility ethics ,institutional ethics ,and conviction ethics .Based on the above analysis ,it heuristically gives comments and suggestions on standardizing the teacher ethics anomie .Thereby forming an effective ethical stipulation mechanism for faculty management of HEIs .%高等学校教师管理的伦理基础是高校教师管理应该坚持的伦理价值取向。高校教师管理伦理规约是高校教师管理应该遵循的管理理念与规则范式。针对当下少数高校教师伦理失范的现象,从逻辑思辨的角度探讨高校教师管理中的伦理基础与伦理规约问题,是为了拓展高校教师管理思路,科学、合理而有效地推进高校教师人力资源管理。高校教师管理的伦理基础主要包括教师责任、素质、德性、人格等维度。高校教师管理伦理规约应

  8. A review on medical students' internet acculturation%医学生网络文化适应研究现状述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄李凤; 彭昱忠; 莫书荣; 廖红

    2012-01-01

    计算机及互联网络的广泛应用深刻地影响着人们的生活方式和思维方式,网络文化适应是信息时代的一个重要研究主题.通过研究文献综述,总结了医学生网络文化适应问题的研究主要有以下几个方面:网络成瘾研究、网络道德失范研究和网络学习适应性研究.相应提出未来研究的一些建议.%A wide range of computer and internet applications impact on people's lifestyles andways of thinking profoundly, Internet acculturation is an important research issue in the information age.By the literature review,this paper summed up the themes of medical students' internet acculturation:in-ternet addiction disorder research,internet morality anomie research and internet learning adaptation re-search.Some suggestions for future research were put forward at last.

  9. 高校成人教师伦理困境的现实思考%Realistic Thinking of Ethical Dilemma of Colleges and Universities' Adult Education Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑宁霞; 牛丽珍

    2015-01-01

    Adult education teachers in colleges and universities are working in the front line of adult education .Due to the multiplicity of the role and the particularity of the nature of their work , they often find it easy to trap in the ethical dilemma caused by value orientation of the binary oppo‐sition ,conflict of role definition ,and evaluation anomie .Therefore ,it's of great theoretical and realistic significance to explore the ethical dilemma of adult university teachers and to help them a‐chieve the unity of individual and social value .%高校成人教师工作在成人教育的第一线,由于其角色的多重性和工作性质的特殊性,常常陷入二元对立的价值取向、角色冲突的价值定位及评价失范的价值考量等造成的伦理困境当中。因此,探讨高校成人教师的伦理困境,帮助其获得个体价值和社会价值的统一,具有重要的理论价值和实践意义。

  10. Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: The case of the Jewish conspiracy theory in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viren eSwami

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes.

  11. Risk perception of the Belgian population. Results of the public opinion survey in 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SCK-CEN 2009 risk perception barometer is based on over 1000 Computer Assisted Personal Interviews, taken from persons selected to be representative for the Belgian 18+ population, and all realized in the period July and August 2009. An additional sample , N = 100 is taken from the for the population living in the communities of Lambusart and Wanfercee-Baulet in the municipality of Fleurus. Besides the classical background variables used to obtain the quota for representatively (age, language, habitat, gender and social class), we also included a series of questions assessing the communication and sociological context. The main topics in the survey were I) risk perception and confidence in authorities; II) Attitude towards science and technology and attitudes toward nuclear energy; III) stake holders engagement; IV)acceptance of legal norms for food products; v) media use; vi) evaluation of nuclear actors; VII) psychometric risk characteristics; VII) safety behaviour and anomy; ix) knowledge about nuclear domain; x) risk communication; xi) consumer's attitude towards food with radioactive contamination. Some of the questions asked in 2009 are similar to those enquired in the SCK barometer of 2006 and 2002, in order to study the time evolution of the risk perception associated with various issues.

  12. 校园网络生态危机与大学生道德教育%Ecological Crisis of the Campus Network and the Moral Education of the University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯铁臣

    2011-01-01

    The campus network eco-system is an important part of the entire social network ecosystem.As a kind of technology,network brings lots of convenience to students while also inducing the moral anomie of the network,and bringing out the Campus Network ecological crisis.It is very important for the students to establish a scientific ecological concept of the network,improve their own moral cognitive abilities,develop their own network of the moral self-discipline habits and strengthen the network of the eco-cultural development.%校园网络生态系统是整个社会网络生态系统的重要组成部分。网络作为一种技术,在给大学生带来诸多便利的同时,也诱发了网络道德失范,出现了校园网络生态危机。为此,网络主体树立科学的网络生态观、提高自身的道德认知能力、养成自身的网络道德自律行为习惯和加强网络生态文化建设就显得尤为重要。

  13. Problems and Causes Analysis of Accounting Professional Ethics in the Context of Computerization%电算化背景下会计职业道德存在的问题及原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张院院

    2013-01-01

    伴随我国经济体制和社会的转型,以及会计电算化的发展,会计职业道德发生了深刻的嬗变,同时出现了较严重的会计职业道德失范现象。本文从会计执业环境对会计职业道德的影响、电算化背景下会计职业道德存在的问题和原因分析三个方面分析了当前中国会计职业道德的现状。%Along with the transformation of economy and society IN China and the development of computerized accounting, the accounting professional ethics has the profound change, at the same time the accounting professional ethics anomie phenomenon become more serious. This article analyzes the current status of China's accounting professional ethics from the impact of accounting environment on accounting professional ethics, problems of accounting professional ethics under the background of computerized accounting and the causes.

  14. 新闻工作者的职业道德浅议%On Professional Ethics of Journalists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁菁; 张伟

    2011-01-01

    Professional ethics is the basic requirements for any industry or career, and is the source of vitality of the industry or career. Professional moral failings will lead to anomie of professional behavior. This paper discusses the professional ethics that the journalists should have, and studies the cause of professional moral failings. At last, it proposed suggestions on how to build the journalists' professional ethics.%职业道德是从事任何一个行业或职业的基本要求,是该行业或职业生命力的根源.职业道德缺失必然会导致职业行为的失范现象.本文探讨了作为社会良心的新闻工作者所应具有的职业道德,并对当前新闻工作者职业道德失范现象的原因做出了讨论,对如何塑造新闻工作者的职业道德提出了建议.

  15. The rational thinking of morality construction in our country%我国公德建设的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰

    2014-01-01

    公德为全体社会成员所遵循的道德准则和与个人德行相对的公共生活准则。当前,我国的个体公德意识淡漠、道德行为失范以及公德规约缺失。加快公德建设必须明确社会责任、增强社会成员的公德意识、加强道德教育、提升公民的自身素质、健全法律制度,建立道德的公共生活。%Morality is the social members to fol ow the code of ethics, and personal virtue relative standards of public life. At present, our country's individual morality consciousness is indifference, moral behavior anomie, and lack of ethics code. Accelerate the construction of morality must be clear social responsibility, strengthen social morality consciousness of the social members, strengthen moral education, improve the quality of the citizens, improve the legal system, establish the moral public life.

  16. Taking the Medical Ethics Construction as the Core to Establish Good Hospital Culture%以医德建设为核心塑造优秀的医院文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵金花; 陈芬

    2013-01-01

    Medical ethics values is the soul of hospital culture,noble medical ethics quality is the inner motive power of hospital culture practice.The main problems existing in the construction of medical ethics:part of the medical staff medical ethics is not determined; a few of the medical staff services; management of medical ethics anomie.This paper proposed that should take the construction of medical ethics as the core,to establish a good hospital culture,by strengthening the good medical ethics tutelage,enhancing the cultural consciousness of medical staff; strengthening the construction of the hospital system; cultivating the hospital construction.%医德价值观是医院文化的灵魂,高尚的医德品质是医院文化实践的内在动力.当前医德建设中存在的主要问题:部分医务人员医德意志不坚定;少数医务人员服务不到位;医德管理失范.提出了以医德建设为核心,塑造优秀的医院文化的对策;加强良好的医德修养,提升医务人员的文化自觉;加强医院制度建设;培育医院建设.

  17. "个人与社会"和"利他与利己"——迪尔凯姆现代性问题解决方案的理论起点探析%"Individual and Society" and "Altruism and Egoism"——Probe into the theoretical origin of Durkheim's solution to modernity problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王林平

    2010-01-01

    在迪尔凯姆的现代性问题解决方案中,个人人格与社会团结的关系是其解决问题的理论起点.但是迪尔凯姆时这个问题的回答并不是人们通常认为的仅仅是"个人依赖社会"那样简单,它可以进一步分解为"个人与社会的关系"和"利己与利他的关系".在19世纪的法国主流思想中,"个人主义"一词所表达的意思与迪尔凯姆用"失范(anomie)"和"利己主义(egoism)"这对概念所要表达的意思几乎是完全一致的.正是基于这种具体语境,迪尔凯姆对上述问题持有的其实是一种基于利己与利他相统一基础上的坚持利他先于利己的原则立场.

  18. A Study of Social Factors Impacting Tendency towards Vandalism among Yasouj\\\\\\'s High-School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar Mirfardi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Vandalism is a tangible, harmful and inevitable phenomenon, which exists as an emblem of social life in modern society. Sociologically, vandalism is defined as a kind of mentality aimed at destruction of public assets and accessories. This research considers social factors which may impact tendency to vandalism among Yasouj's high-school students. In this study, a combination of sociological perspectives about deviation (such as Good's theory about family structure and anomie theory, socialization approach, social control theory and the sub-cultural theory, and theories of social psychology about deviation (such as Sutherland ’s theory about social learning and differential companion, are applied together with theories of Vandalism ( Hauber, Mozr and Clark to examine the relationships between variables.   It is a survey study, based on questionnaire. Statistical society is all high-school students in Yasouj. Using Cochran formula, sample size was estimated 400 cases. Random cluster sampling was used. Pearson’s tests show that the tendency towards Vandalism has significant relationships with socio-economic status, age, family size, and socialization, but does not have a significant relationship with gender. Multiple regression analysis shows that independent variables explain, overall, about 25 % of the variance of dependent variable.

  19. Socio-economic factors of the Russian society consolidation: regional aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav Veniaminovich Lokosov

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Socio-economic contradictions have become the key obstacles in the transition of contemporary Russian society to a new model of development, which is to replace the obsolete “gas and oil” one. The novel model involves social consolidation to form a civil Russian nation. On the base of statistical analysis, the author’s empirical data (mass all-Russian and regional focus group inquiries confirm that the social inequality between the rich and the poor has reached extreme critical values making them a disfactor of national integrity. If the gap does not decrease, the Russian society will experience serious difficulties. A number of indicators show that social inequality is caused by inefficient ruling system. Despite positive changes in the quality of life and living standards, the inertia of the social ties destruction and anomie still continue. The transition of the socio-economic system to a new model of reproduction supposes that the values of justice, gradualness, and continuity will be supported by the majority of the population

  20. Enhaning method based on OLA K-anoymity alogrithm%基于OLA的K匿名算法的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翔天; 宫秀军; 陈海亮

    2011-01-01

    Through researching and analyzing the K-anoymity,this paper focused on an efficient algorithm of the K-anoymity, named Optimal Lattice Anomy-zation(OLA). Then analyzing the defects of the OLA,found the OLA calculates too much nodes and costing too much time.To solve these problems,this paper raised a degree product priority algorithm based on the OLA.Through the cxperiments,we found the new alogrithm had much improvement.%主要对数据匿名化中的一种重要方法K-匿名进行了研究和分析,重点对K匿名算法中的一种较高效的算法最优泛化格OLA(Optimal Lattice Anomy—zation)进行了介绍,并针对OLA为取得最优结果计算节点过多、时间过长的问题进行了进一步研究,在OLA算法的基础上提出一种基于节点度积优先(度积为父节点数与子节点数的乘积)的算法,该算法相较于OLA,需要计算的节点数和时间都显著减少,对OLA算法有明显的改进。

  1. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

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    B. B. Badmayeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  2. Contact: Releasing the news

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinotti, Roberto

    The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

  3. Feijão com arroz e arroz com feijão: o Brasil no prato dos brasileiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Barbosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo oferecer um panorama dos hábitos alimentares brasileiros no universo doméstico a partir do ponto de vista da população. Ele encontra-se baseado em uma pesquisa empírica, que utilizou métodos qualitativos e quantitativos, a partir de uma amostra domiciliar probabilística. Os resultados apresentados aqui se concentram no sistema de refeições e são discutidos à luz de algumas das teses sobre as tendências da alimentação contemporânea. Entre estas se destacam a da individualização das refeições, a da gastro-anomia e da homogeneização do gosto alimentar.The objective of this article is to offer an overall view of eating habits in Brazilian homes from the point of view of the population. Empirical research made use of qualitative and quantitative methods based on a probabilistic home sample. The results presented here concentrate on the system of meals and are discussed in the light of various theses concerning the trends of contemporary alimentation. These trends include individualized meals, gastro-anomie and homogenized taste.

  4. Theorizing School Bullying: Insights from Japan

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    Shoko Yoneyama

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies a lacuna in the existing paradigms of bullying: a gap caused by the frame of reference being largely limited to the highly industrialized societies of the 'west': Europe, North America and Oceania. The paper attempts to address this gap by presenting research developed in Japan. In Japan, sociological discourse on school bullying, i.e. the analysis of institutional factors relevant to understanding bullying was established relatively early, as was the epistemology now referred to as the second paradigm of bullying. The paper attempts to integrate the research strengths of Japan with this new trend in bullying research, with the view of incorporating 'non-western' research traditions into mainstream discourse on bullying. It introduces a typology of school bullying: Types I and II, and discusses 1 hierarchical relationships in schools, focusing on corporal punishment and teacher-student bullying, and 2 group dynamics surrounding bullying. The paper illustrates how bullying among students is entwined with various aspects of schools as social institutions. It argues that school bullying may represent a state of anomie in both formal and informal power structures in schools, which have become dysfunctional communities unable to deal with bullying, while at the same time it can be students' way of compensating their sense of alienation and disconnectedness from school.

  5. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  6. Anatomy of Corruption in the Nigerian Public Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ogbewere Bankole Ijewereme

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Corruption is a clog in the wheel of progress in Nigeria and has incessantly frustrated the realization of noble national goals, despite the enormous natural and human resources in Nigeria. The article reviews the concept of corruption in line with its forms and effects on the Nigerian State, as well as corruption in public service from Prime Minister Tafawa Balewa’s era to President Goodluck Jonathan’s administration. The article examines the idealistic, resource curse, two public, low risk–high benefit and anomie theories, and consequently adopts resource curse, low risk–high benefit theories to explain causes of corruption in Nigeria. Also, some personal observations and data from Transparency International are utilized to explain corrupt practices in Nigeria. The article concludes that there is corruption in the Nigerian Public Sector because of societal pressure, tribalism, nepotism, low risk–high benefits of involving in corruption among others. The article recommends some measures to combat corruption in Nigeria.

  7. Antropología teológica y teología inductiva en Peter L. Berger: La teologización de la conciencia moderna Theological anthropology and theology inductive in Peter L. Berger: The theologizing of modern consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Martín Huete

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Si algo permanece invariablemente constante en la vida diaria de las personas es, afirma Berger, el temor a las situaciones marginales y a la anomia. Ni el proceso de secularización con sus universos simbólicos (filosofía diurna y teodiceas seculares, ni el resurgimiento religioso y global (desecularización público-política han podido dar una explicación plausible y convincente de estos fenómenos que tanto afectan a la conciencia y a las identidades subjetivas de los individuos. En este sentido, y tras el fracaso de las anteriores cosmovisiones en su intento de dotar de sentido a la realidad y la vida ordinaria de las personas, Berger recurre a una nueva instauración del «nomos religioso».If something always remains constant in the daily lives of the people, says Berger, the fear of marginal situations and anomie. Neither the process of secularization with its symbolic universe (philosophy teodiceas day and secular and the religious revival nor global (desecularization public policy could give a plausible and convincing explication of these phenomena that affect the subjective consciousness and identity of individuals. In this regard, and after the failure of previous worldviews in their attempt to give meaning to reality and the ordinary life of people, Berger uses a new establishment of "nomos religioso».

  8. Research on Social Issues and Related Planning Theory of Major Resettlement Project: A Case Study on Three Gorges Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Secondary disasters and crises such as disordered development and environmental pollution occurring amid the human resettlement process have been a heated academic focus in the field of urban and rural planning. However, the social issues involved in this process have not been given enough attention. This paper studies secondary man-caused disasters with respect to the natural environment and the social and cultural systems, which are linked together by the rapid urbanization process, in order to provide references for future theoretical and practical urban and rural planning studies. The study reveals that during resettlement, typical social issues such as societal anomie, social stratification, and individual poverty have occurred in the Three Gorges Area. The primary cause is that stimulated by rapid urbanization, human settlement development and social evolution have formed a double helix model composed of time and space that is similar to a DNA model, and any mismatched occurrences on either side will likely lead to a social structural problem. As an academic response to the significant urbanization process that is taking place in China, this study reflects the political and economic trends in global environmental change research, as well as the technology trends in humanity studies.

  9. Functionalist perspective on deviance

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    Sebahattin Ziyanak

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on and summarizes the functionalist perspective of deviance, the function of crimes, and  how these perspectives have influenced the development of Durkheim’s work, anomie, for example. In this regard, our aim is to carefully describe the contributions of important functionalist thinkers such as Emile Durkheim and Robert K. Merton, by providing a brief historical discussion that highlights their contributions to deviance and crime research. Further, we are also primarily interested in how the functionalist tradition has influenced contemporary works. In this regard, this paper focuses on the most relevant theories that are related to sources of strain including Robert Merton’s “structural strain theory,” Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld’s “institutional anomie” and Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin’s “differential opportunity theory. This paper presents these contemporary thinker’s views and in addition to that it presents a detailed discussion of their major studies published since 2000.

  10. Sociology of Drug Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article which is a review of sociological ideas and studies of drug abusers in social situation, drug addiction steps (particularly alcohol, heroin and cocaine consumption are revised and some explanations are made. Also, the role of some sociological ideas in drug addiction is considered in which Anomie Theory reads: "because of such duality, the individuals who are not satisfied with their role are in hurt." According to this theory, drug users choose seclusion and neglecting usual social aims as well as competitive situations. Association of Differentiation Theory claims that drug use behavior is a learned behavior and the first learning occurs in a friendly small group (i.e. youngsters. Social Control theory believes that one can predict normal and abnormal behaviors through the rate of individuals' social commitments. Internal and external controls also determine commitment rate. Micro-cultural theory considers drug use as a compatibility with abnormal micro-culture rules. Symbolic Mutual Action Believes that the etiquettes which society attribute to individuals/behaviors determine their acquired social reactions rather than any inherited acquisition.

  11. The Theory of Social Control and the Social Psychology of Dissatisfaction: Inhibition, regression and isolation in a cultural context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orsolya Selymes, PhD Candidate

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The Theory of Social Control (TSC is grounded in satisfaction and happiness research. The study investigated the reasons behind relatively low levels of civil and personal satisfaction, subjective social well-being and experienced happiness in the post-communist Hungarian social context. The basic social process uncovered in the research is self-situating, which involves a continuous assessment of social control, which occurs on three psychological dimensions: activity, fairness and connectedness, operated via social flow. The culturally salient outcome of self-situating in Hungary is self-victimizing, meaning a subjective loss of control on all three dimensions. Some of the most important emotional-motivational consequences of self-victimizing are inhibition, regression and isolation, which contribute to various socio-cultural phenomenon such as distrust, bystander strategies, pessimism or anomie across a number of social situations. Based on the emerging theory, the concept of subjective social control is introduced and an expanded three-dimensional model of civil satisfaction, comfort and contribution, along with psychological and cultural implications, are discussed.Key words: social control, self-situating, self-victimizing, activity, fairness, connectedness, inhibition, fury, isolation

  12. Volunteerism and Well-Being in the Context of the World Trade Center Terrorist Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Richard E.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

    2015-01-01

    Using a community sample of New York City residents (N=1681) interviewed 1 and 2 years after the World Trade Center Disaster (WTCD), we estimated several logistic regression equations to assess predictors of volunteerism and the relationship between volunteerism and later well-being. Multivariate results show that those with more education, higher exposure to WTCD events, many life-time traumatic events, and pre-WTCD mental health problems were more likely to report volunteerism post-WTCD. African Americans and Latinos were less likely to volunteer, compared to Whites. Respondents scoring high on the Srole Anomie scale and reporting physical disabilities were also less likely to report volunteering in the aftermath of the WTCD. Multivariate results with volunteerism as an independent variable suggest that people who engaged in this activity were less likely to have poor well-being as measured by the SF-12 physical and mental health scales. We discuss these results as they relate to identity theory, the stress process model, and resilience and how community disaster researchers need to pay closer attention to how people interpret and give meaning to traumatic events. PMID:25774097

  13. 关于大学生网络失范的社会学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗小锋

    2005-01-01

    网络不道德行为和犯罪行为,社会学上称为网络失范,如果失范主体是大学生,则称为大学生网络失范。那么何为社会失范?法国社会学家迪尔凯姆是社会失范理论的首倡者。他在谈到社会参与的某些情况时第一次使用了失范(anomie,anomy)一词,在这些情况下,人们不具备为实现自我和获得幸福所必需的条件。他认为这些条件是:行为必须有社会规范所控制.这些规范应该组成一个完整的、没有冲突的体系,

  14. As graves questões comportamentais referentes ao conceito de Turismo e de turista, nas quais se baseiam a antropologia e a sociologia, resolvem-se através da psicologia da gestalt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Renato de César Castro

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper treats the sociologic and anthropologic question referred to the objective concepts about Tourism and tourist to demonstrate that the importance of the objective facts referred to tourism phenomenon it is situated much more on the analysis of the critical problem of this activity, that resume the behavior of people forming the customers groups, and not inside the purely and simple conceptual question of terms. Intend to demonstrate that only through the Gestalt psychology and through the analysis of the theological legacy of the modern thought it could be possible to explain the leisure and rest time civilization, today put against the work civilization. It does an analysis of the alienation of leisure and of the rest time (inside tourism as derived of the work alienation and of the chronic anomie in the firm relationship. It search to demonstrate that only through the realization of Gestalt and communicative action inside the psychological group formation (of tourists and residents it is possible to arrive at the evolution of the geographical groups to effective the local management of sustainable tourism and hospitality.

  15. Information warfare technologies in political discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karpova Anna Yu.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We attempt to examine the technology of «information warfare» in this paper. The dominant theme of the paper is that the outcome of the information warfare is important not only for the future of a state itself but for the future of the world balance of forces. The main task of geopolitical actors in information warfare is to introduce ideas corresponding to their interests into mass consciousness. All participants of political conflicts have common features in technologies of Information warfare. The information anomie is the indicator of the great geopolitical actors’ personified interests on the stage of «information warfare» - the process resulted in destroying the communicative line: report-information understanding and disrupting the social order in society. In this paper authors describe the following Information Warfare technologies: "Political volcano" technology; "SPIN" technology; "Widening media resource" technology; "specific gravity" technology; "Cold War 2.0" technology and Information cleaningup technology. It is assumed that in the future there will be new instructions on applying technologies of information warfare. To impart perspective to the paper we consider examples, opinions and trends.

  16. La política del fuego: El desplazamiento contemporáneo del paradigma geopolítico

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    Marder, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper theoretizes the transition from a global regime of geopolitics (that is to say, the politics of the earth to a pyropolitical regime, or the politics of fire. Based in the political philosophy of Carl Schmitt, the thesis is that the certainty, stability, and order rooted in the earth are now being displaced by the anomie of fire, as the symbol and the concrete sphere of the political today.Este artículo teoriza la transición del régimen global geopolítico (es decir, la política de la tierra a régimen piropolítico, o la política del fuego. En base a filosofía política de Carl Schmitt, la tesis es que la certidumbre, estabilidad y orden arraigados en la tierra están desplazados por la anomia del fuego, como un símbolo y dominio concreto de lo político hoy.

  17. Investigating Sociological Factors Affecting Vandalism (Case study: Ahvaz’s High-school Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eslam Heydari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This research is a study on the efficient sociological factors on Vandalism across high school students of district two of Ahvaz. The research data was collected through a survey, and participants were 376 cases out of 17054 high-school students of district two. They were randomly selected by a categorical method. The dependent variable(vandalism was investigated via a questionnaire and its relationship with the independent variables such as gender, educational level, socio-economic status, relationship with vandals, feeling of weakness and abnormality, relative deprivation , and social isolation , which are driven from the theories of various sociologists, including holistic sociologists or the very classics (Durkheim or Merton and, contemporary sociologists (Cloward, Ohlin and Miller, Sutherland ,Seaman and Hirshi was hypothesized and tested. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics via SPSS . Analysis of the findings confirmed the research hypothesis. Results showed that the prediction equation of the trend tendency toward Vandalistic behavior can predict 0/406 percent of the variance of the independent variable. And since the research model could predict 0/406 percent of the variance of the independent variable using seven variables (academic achievement, social-economic status, contact with offenders, feeling of powerlessness, sense of relative deprivation, sense of social isolation, and sense of anomie, it can be said that its predictive power is good.

  18. Risk perception of the Belgian population. Results of the public opinion survey in 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perko, T.; Turcanu, C.; Schroeder, J.; Carle, B.

    2010-02-15

    The SCK-CEN 2009 risk perception barometer is based on over 1000 Computer Assisted Personal Interviews, taken from persons selected to be representative for the Belgian 18+ population, and all realized in the period July and August 2009. An additional sample , N = 100 is taken from the for the population living in the communities of Lambusart and Wanfercee-Baulet in the municipality of Fleurus. Besides the classical background variables used to obtain the quota for representatively (age, language, habitat, gender and social class), we also included a series of questions assessing the communication and sociological context. The main topics in the survey were I) risk perception and confidence in authorities; II) Attitude towards science and technology and attitudes toward nuclear energy; III) stake holders engagement; IV)acceptance of legal norms for food products; v) media use; vi) evaluation of nuclear actors; VII) psychometric risk characteristics; VII) safety behaviour and anomy; ix) knowledge about nuclear domain; x) risk communication; xi) consumer's attitude towards food with radioactive contamination. Some of the questions asked in 2009 are similar to those enquired in the SCK barometer of 2006 and 2002, in order to study the time evolution of the risk perception associated with various issues.

  19. Represión estatal y paraestatal en Latinoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter WALDMANN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo, el autor analiza el problema de la violencia política desde la perspectiva de la violencia estatal y paraestatal. Pone de manifiesto las contradicciones existentes entre la función teórica del Estado de garantizar el orden público y la seguridad de los ciudadanos y su reciente actuación en numerosos países latinoamericanos, que lo han convertido en fuente de anomia política y social. Analiza en especial los casos de Brasil y Argentina.ABSTRACT: In this article, the author deals with the problem of political violence, from the point of view of state and para-state violence. He highligths the contradictions between theoretical function of State (the guarantee of public orden and the security of citizen and recent performances in several Latinamerican countries, that has transformed the state into the source of political and social anomy. He focus specially upon the cases of Brasil and Argentina.

  20. Violência e projetos de vida em conflitos pela posse da terra

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    José dos Reis Santos Filho

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apoiados em referenciais empíricos retirados das lutas pela posse da terra, sugerimos que, como instrumento, a violência parece ser caracterizada pelo fato de ser uma forma especial de lidar com a questão da anomia. Isso admitido, propomos que os mecanismos de produção e de reprodução da violência são mecanismos de produção e de reprodução da heteronomia da vontade. É o que nos coloca a importância de uma discussão sobre os projetos de vida. Palavras-chave: Violência. Conflitos pela terra. Projetos de vida. Imaginário social. ABSTRACT: In this text, based on empirical refferences taken from the struggles - fights for the property of land, we suggest that violence, as far as instrument, seems to be characterized by the fact that it is a special form of dealing with the question of anomy. Having admitted it, we propose that the mecanisms of production and reproduction of violence are the same mecanisms of production and reproduction of heteronomy of will. This is what brings out the discussion about life plans. Keywords: Violence. Land conflicts. Live project. Social imaginary.

  1. On the innovation of college counselors based on the college students' Internet behavior problem%基于大学生网络行为问题的高校辅导员工作创新路径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵允玉; 黄洁

    2012-01-01

      The main problems in network behavior of college students include:excessive entertainment, Internet addiction;habit of human-computer dialogue, apathy;poor self-control, behavior anomie;excessive dependence on network, communication barriers. College counselors must build the network of ideological and political, guide students' leisure life, enhance the personal information quality, build the network education platform, cultivate students' network information team, strengthen the students' moral education of network and network supervision.%  大学生网络行为存在的主要问题包括:过度休闲娱乐,网络成瘾;习惯人机对话,情感淡漠;自制能力较差,行为失范;过度依赖网络,交往障碍。高校辅导员必须建立网络思想政治工作理念,引导学生闲暇生活,提升个人信息素质,构建网络教育平台,培养学生网络信息队伍,加强对学生的网络道德教育和网络监管。

  2. College Students’ Internet Behavior of the Two Dimensions%当代大学生网络行为的两个维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭昊; 朱红强

    2012-01-01

      网络的迅速发展深刻影响着大学生的学习和生活,当代大学生的网络行为所产生的问题也日益突出,网络行为道德失范已成为一个不可忽视的现象。必须建立健康的网络环境,对大学生网络行为进行教育和引导,从道德和法律两个维度约束大学生的网络失范行为,促进大学生身心健康成长。%  The rapid development of network brings influence on College Students' study and life, contemporary college students network behavior problems have become increasingly prominent, immoral activities, in the network society it has become a noticeable phenomenon. They need to establish healthy network environment, the network behavior of university student education and guidance, from ethics and the law two dimensions constrained college network anomie behavior, to promote students' growth and mental health.

  3. From Council Housing to Social Housing. The successes and misfortunes of Social Housing policies in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Terranova

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The issues dealt with are three: the need for medium – and large – scale territorial planning; the quality of housing; the solutions to guarantee secure flows of financing to launch programmes of public residential housing (ERP. A premise of any ERP programme is the planning and construction of a fast rail network to guarantee mass mobility. Once this premise has been satisfied, it is possible to identify agricultural areas to be expropriated for ERP interventions. This programme is characterised by operating above the municipal level, and it requires a structure that has the administrative powers of an agency. As regards the quality of housing, the following equation has to be dispensed with: public residential housing = ugly building characterised by alienation and anomy. Planners from this century have been called on to rise the challenge. To be certain of obtaining finance for ERP programmes, the old road of contributions at source from workers should be pursued as well as the establishment of a single fund that gathers together all the financing foreseen by laws made over the years and not spent, set aside for ERP.

  4. Naming oneself criminal: gender difference in offenders' identity negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Brenda; Fischer, Michael

    2005-04-01

    This qualitative research examines gender differences in offenders'ability to negotiate a positive identity once the pejorative labels of criminal, prostitute, drug dealer, and incompetent parents have been imputed onto them. In-depth semi-structured focused interviews were conducted with a purposeful information-rich sample of eight male and eight female offenders. Content analysis reveals that males were much more adept than female offenders at juggling with conventional and street norms to justify and/or resist stigmatizing labels in order to construct a favorable identity. Appeal to such personal strengths as know-how, competence, loyalty, and a code of honor allowed male offenders to challenge the boundaries between conventional and delinquent worlds. Concomitantly such an appeal gave rise to a sense of efficacy perception and an optimistic explanatory style. In contrast, even though female offenders were able to justify the labels of drug dealer, prostitute, and thief by appeal to higher loyalties and reject that of insane, all their justifications collapsed when having to negotiate the identity of incompetent mother. Female offenders' negative internal attributions and deprivation of the normative center-motherhood resulted in apathy, anomie, and lack of confidence in their ability to do something worthwhile. Rehabilitation guidelines would build female offenders' personal strengths while redirecting those exhibited by male offenders into lawful enterprises. PMID:15746270

  5. 相对剥夺感与社会适应方式:介效应和调节效应%Relative Deprivation and Social Adaption: The Role of Mediator and Moderator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马皑

    2012-01-01

    Deriving from R. Merton's Anomie Theory, innovation and rebellion as two kinds of the social adaption are viewed as the strongest predictors of collective behavior, mass crime and mass disturbance. However, few empirical studies have been done to explore the relation between them and psychological variables. The aim ofthis study is to investigate the associations between relative deprivation and innovation and rebellion. Furthermore, through examining the mediating role and moderating role of attribution style in the associations between relative deprivation and innovation and rebellion. The present study also examine the moderating role of rebellion in the associations between relative deprivation and innovation.To test these hypotheses, the Relative Deprivation Questionnaire, Social Adaption Questionnaire, Attribution Questionnaire were administered to 6175 valid subjects.The results indicate: (1) The positive predicting effect of relative deprivation on innovation was significant. (2) The positive predicting effect of relative deprivation on rebellion was significant. (3) Attribution style served to partially mediate the association between relative deprivation and innovation, and also partially mediate the association between relative deprivation and rebellion. (4) As a moderator, attribution style strengthened the positive relation between relative deprivation and rebellion. (5) As a moderator, rebellion weakened the positive relation between relative deprivation and innovation in the lower social stratum.In sum, it could be concluded that relative deprivation played a positive predicting effect on social adaption. Attribution style partially mediated the relationship between relative deprivation and social adaption. Rebellion weakened the immediate impact of relative deprivation on innovation in the vulnerable group.These findings highlight the important role of relative deprivation and attribution style to the anomie social adaption, which may provide the

  6. “黄金大米”:风险时代技术理性的失范与规约%On the Flood of Technical Rationality and Regulation in Risk Era---Rethink on“Golden Rice Incident Event”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超; 李奇伟

    2014-01-01

    对“黄金大米”事件起因与事件进程的解读表明,它不只是阐释一个新的科研失范案例,其深层次的认识根源在于技术理性的单向度发展,其社会面向则凸显了技术理性与社会理性之间的分歧与断裂。在风险社会的时代背景之下,寻求规制技术理性泛滥的守则与方法在路径选择上不应囿于理性概念的纯粹思辨,而应立足于社会的审视与反思,透过风险意识启蒙、公共对话与道德法治的规约,促使技术角色合理回归,弥合技术理性与社会理性之间的深深裂痕。%By analyzing causes and course of “Golden Rice event”,we point out the event is not just a new anomie case in scientific research and its roots should be the expansion of technical rationality to -wards one direction .It also reflects the differences and fracture between technical rationality and social rationality.In the risk society , the approach of restraining technical rationality should be based on the perspective of society instead of being confined to purely speculation of concept .We should improve risk awareness , public dialogue , and the rule of ethics and law to bring the role of technology to a reasonable position .

  7. 经济转型期地方院校教师职业道德困境与突破%The Confusion and Breakthrough of the Teachers′Professional Ethics in Local Colleges and Universities during the Transformation Period of Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国; 沙世蕤

    2014-01-01

    伴随着经济转型期市场经济观念和价值原则日益深入人心,地方院校教师面临职业道德规范与市场经济利益的冲突与困惑,部分教师道德失范问题严重,不能有效履行岗位职责。为此,有必要正确认识和对待教师职业道德和经济利益回报之间的关系,在尊重教师谋求自身经济利益最大化的合法权益的同时,恪守职业道德操守,有效履行职责。%With the concept of the market-oriented economy and the principle of value becoming the thorough popular ideas during the transformation period of the economy, the teachers in local colleges universities are confused about the ethics conflict with the interests of the market-oriented economy, Some teachers can′t effectively implement their career responsibility for their moral anomie So, it is necessary to accurately understand and deal with the relationship between the economic interests and the teachers' professional ethics. The teachers should abide by their moral ethics and fulfill their responsibilities effectively on the base of the guarantee of the legitimate rights of their striving for economic benefits maximization.

  8. Micro Media Environment of Media Literacy Education for College Students%微媒体环境下大学生媒介素养教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田红超; 向玉淼

    2016-01-01

    微媒体扁平化、碎片化、多元化、蔓延化的特点使媒介素养更具时代性,当代大学生对微媒体的使用率极高,出现了对微媒体过度依赖,价值观失范,丧失自我等严重负面影响。所以,在微媒体环境下如何进行大学生媒介素养教育成为高校教育工作者所必须重视的新话题。在结合国内外优秀成果的基础上,从理论研究、教育途径、教育内容方面进行改进,积极探索和提升微媒体环境下大学生的媒介素养教育。%The character of micro media flattening,fragmentation,diversity and spread make media literacy more times.The characteristics of contemporary college students of micro media utilization rate is extremely high,which appeared excessive de-pendence on micro media anomie values,loss of self and other serious negative effects.Therefore,how to carry out college students'media literacy education as in the media environment is a new topic education workers in colleges and universities.In combination with outstanding achievements at home and abroad,we research improvements on the content,way of education, education on the basis of the theoretical,and actively explore and improve college students'media literacy education in the media environment.

  9. Empirical Investigation on Media Literacy of College Undergraduates in Fujian Mountainous Areas%福建山区高校本科生媒介素养实证调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金雷磊

    2012-01-01

    College students in mountainous areas of Fujian province have mastered certain sense of media literacy at all levels.As those in coastal areas,they are curious and interested in various media.They have the needs to gaining knowledge,entertainment and learning about information about world change,which all can be gained through media.At the same time,college students group in the mountain areas has certain anomie in the media contact: First,when students utilize the media,they are irregular;Second,college students in the school lack some education and media literacy training;Third,students whose major is not journalism and communications have lower media literacy levels than professionals.%福建山区高校大学生在各个层面上都已经具备一定意义上的媒介素养,和沿海地区的高校大学生群体一样,都有接触各种媒介的好奇与兴趣,有通过接触媒介来获取知识与休闲娱乐的需求,也有通过媒介来获得外部世界变动信息的需求。同时,山区高校大学生群体在媒介接触方面也存在一定失范。第一,学生在运用媒介时,存在一定不规范行为;第二,缺少对在校大学生进行媒介素养方面的教育与培训;第三,非新闻传播专业的学生媒介素养水平要比新闻传播专业的低。

  10. 农产品质量安全网络舆情的公众参与行为研究%Study on the behavior of participating in online public opinion about agricultural product quality safety events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张美云; 刘洋

    2016-01-01

    The direction of online public opinion is determined by the public which maked the opinion.In the current online public opinion about agricultural product quality safety events,the public behaviors can be divided into four types including rational partici-pation behavior,online conformity behavior,online anomie behavior and violation of law.From the perspective of public participa-tion,the main feature of these online public behaviors is the coexist of inadequate and non-standardized participation.Nowadays,in the management of online public opinion government needs to guide the online public opinion about agricultural products quality safe-ty,guide and handle the public behaviors according to different types,and build the perfect public participation mechanism for ad-ministration of agricultural product quality safety.%公众作为网络舆论的承担者,决定着网络舆情的发展方向。当前农产品质量安全网络舆情中的公众行为可分为理性参与行为、网络从众行为、网络失范行为、违规违法行为等4种类型。从公众参与的视角看,这些行为的主要特点是参与不充分和参与不规范并存。在政府的舆情管理中,应主动引导农产品质量安全网络舆情,对公众行为分类引导及区别施策,建立健全农产品质量安全治理的公众参与机制。

  11. 微博公众人物的伦理责任探析%Analysis of Ethical Responsibility of Micro- blogging Public Figures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周阳

    2012-01-01

    随着微博进一步深入生活,公众为进一步实现“言论自由”而欣喜的同时,也开始为“过度”自由而引起的传播伦理问题而担忧。微博公众人物作为社会道德的引领者,应该承担更多的社会责任,比如要更严格地遵循真实传播、理性评论、文明表达等传播学基本原则,谨慎行使言论自由权;还要成为公众的道德引导者,以实现自我价值与社会价值的统一。社会大众可以对微博公众人物的传播行为进行监督,并就其失范、失德行为进行批评及合法声讨。%With the further microblogging entry into life, the public delight at more "freedom of speech" and at the same time also begin to worried about the spread of ethical problems caused by its "excessive" freedom. Microb- logging public figures, as the leaders of social conscience, should bear more social responsibility, such as following the basic communication principles of true spread, rational comment and civilized expression, and should prudently exercise tile right of freedom of speech and also become a moral guidance of the public to achieve the unity of self- value and social value. The public may supervise on the propagation behavior of the microblogging public figures and make criticism and legitimate denouncement on their anomie and misconduct.

  12. 监管与提高:由“药儿园”引发的思考%Regulation and Improvement:Reflections by"Drug Kindergarten"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李焕霞

    2015-01-01

    近来湖北、陕西和吉林三省相继出现幼儿园在未告知家长的情况下给幼儿喂食“病毒灵”事件,引起社会极大关注。幼儿园本是孩子健康成长的乐园却出现种种乱象变成“药儿园”,一时激起家长以及相关部门的问责。从国家有关部门监管不力和“药儿园”自身办学严重失范两方面分析找出措施:国家加大对学前教育的投入、监管力度和幼儿园自身要提高办园水平,最终还幼儿园一方净土。%Recently, Hubei, Shaanxi and Jilin provinces have appeared kindergarten delivering a baby"virus of Hope"event without telling parents aroused great concern. The nursery is a paradise for the healthy growth of children, but there are all sorts of chaos into a"drug kindergarten", and sometimes provoke parents and relevant departments accountable. Supervision from the national authorities and the"drug children garden"anomie serious analysis to identify two aspects of running their own measures:the state has increased investment in pre-school education, supervision and kindergarten Office Park to raise the level of their own, ultimately kindergarten pure land.

  13. Thinking of party construction in higher vocational colleges into student apartment%高职院校党建工作进学生公寓的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙台维

    2015-01-01

    学生公寓是高职院校党建工作的重要阵地。高职院校学生公寓存在“以管代教”、“政工缺位”、“文化缺失”、“言行失范”等问题,本文通过阐述建立党员工作站来落实高职院校党建工作进公寓,实现党团组织思想引领,培养学生自我管理、自我服务、自我教育能力,推动养成教育与学风建设,使学生公寓党员工作站成为高职院校党建工作的开展的途径。%The student apartment is an important field of the party construction in higher vocational col eges. Higher vocational col ege students apartment"tube for teaching","political work lack",“lack of culture","anomie walk"and other problems, this paper expounds to carry out the party construction in higher vocational col eges to establish party workstation into the apartment, realize the party leading group thought, cultivate students' self-management, self-service, self education, promote to develop education and study style construction, make the student apartment party workstation as the way of party construction work in higher vocational col eges.

  14. Risk Control of Public Hospital's Operating Deficit%公立医院负债经营的风险规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敖检根; 万贻平

    2012-01-01

    Public hospital is in the rapid growth of new period, faring lo meet the pressing fund demand, bank loans and other funding breakthrough in the development of hospital capital "bottleneck". But the excessive debt management will also bring risks. First of all the article learned about public hospital liabilities of ihe business situation. Then, it analyzes the liabilities of the operating system. Behavior Anomie performance. Ami unalysis of public hospitals needs to guard against the- financial liability management, market risk. Finally, from the angle of construction of the public hospital liability risk analysis index system and early warning mechanism, and strict control of infrastructure construction and configuration of large medical equipment, am! So on to search for the indebted management risk regulation strategy, in order to promote the harmonious, healthy and sustainable development of hospital.%公立医院处于快速发展的新时期,面对迫切的资金需求,银行贷款等资金的注入突破了医院发展中的资金“瓶颈”,但过度负债经营也将带来风险.本文通过了解公立医院负债经营的现状,分析了负债经营的制度、行为等失范的表现,探析了公立医院负债经营需要防范的财务、市场等风险,从构建公立医院负债风险分析指标体系及预警机制、严格控制基础设施建设和大型医用设备配置等视角,探寻其负债经营的风险规制策路,以促进医院协调、健康和可持续发展.

  15. Les masques de la masculinité dans le recours à la chirurgie esthétique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Atkinson

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la fin des années 1990, un nombre croissant de Canadiens ont recours à la chirurgie esthétique comme véritable projet corporel. Un problème sociologique central émerge de ce recours massif. Pourquoi une pratique traditionnellement féminine devient-elle une pratique hautement signifiante pour ces Canadiens? La chirurgie plastique comme pratique culturelle équivaut à une mesure physique de l’évolution des pouvoirs entre les genres dans des pays comme le Canada. En outre, elle sert d’indicateur corporel de la manière dont les hommes vivent la crise actuelle de la masculinité. A la suite de Douglas (1970 ou Sontag (1991, le bouleversement normatif des corps, leurs modifications et leurs représentations publiques sont, en effet, des mesures corporelles des changements des relations de pouvoir entre hommes et femmes. Ces évolutions au Canada déstabilisent réellement les modèles de masculinité hégémonique, et sont directement observables à travers les modifications à même la peau de ces hommes. Ces recours chirurgicaux permettent de révéler les doutes, l’anxiété et l’anomie qui parsèment les cultures contemporaines. Ils redéfinissent les formes de ce travail corporel traditionnellement féminin. Il s’agit donc d’analyser comment les corps masculins modifiés par la chirurgie constituent une mesure aiguë du genre et un révélateur d’identités dans les sociétés comme le Canada.

  16. Analysis of Causes and Avoidance Mechanism of Network Public Opinion ’ Formation%网络舆论形成的原因与规避机制探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王树亮; 刘姌

    2014-01-01

    网络舆论虽是社会舆论的一部分,但在形成原因与破解之道等方面却有其自身的独特性。社会失范事件的刺激、表达机制的缺失、网络的工具性优势、网络传媒的利益诉求及价值共识的内在支撑等是其形成的主要原因。因此,应立足于政府、法治、网络媒体与网民的四重视角,建构以政府疏导为主体、以法治建设为保障、以网络媒体为关键、以网民素养提升为基础的规避机制。%Network public opinion as a part of the social public opinion has a lot of characteristics in the forming reason and the way of digestion and so on. The stimulus of the social anomie events, the absence of expressing mechanism, the instrumental advantage of the network, the interests of the network media and the internal sustain of value consensus etc ,which are the main reasons for the network's public opinion. So based on the four perspectives of government, the rule of law, network media and netizen construct the mechanism of aversion, including government guidance as the main body, the rule of law as the safeguard, network media as the key, the netizen literacy promotion as the basis.

  17. The Decline of the Family in the United States: Some Implications for Health Care%美国家庭的衰弱:对卫生保健制度的一些启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    I.Iulian Anitei

    2012-01-01

    In traditional societies, people rarely suffer alone. They are sick and infirm within a web of care provided by their families. In America, along racial, but more significantly along economic and educational class differences, the family is disappearing in the sense that ever more children are born outside of marriage. The traditional family is disappearing most rapidly among those with the fewest economic and social resources, portending an increasing anomie, as well as the weakening if not disappearance of informal webs of support that have been important for health care. Any attempt to achieve financially and socially sustainable health care reform will need to give emphasis to Family Health Savings Accounts (FH-Sas) that can counteract the dramatic decline of family integrity.%传统社会的人并不孤单,当他们生病、衰老时会得到家庭成员的照料.在美国,越来越多的孩子出生在婚姻之外,家庭正在逐步消失.在那些经济和社会资源来源极少的人群中,传统家庭消失得最为迅速,预示着日益增加的社会反常状态.即使对于卫生保健极为重要的非正式支持网络没有丧失,传统家庭也一样正在衰弱.因此,医疗改革必需重视家庭医疗保健储蓄账户,以阻止家庭完整性的剧烈衰弱.

  18. 基于医学生礼仪素质培养的道德认同机制构建%Construction of Moral Identity Mechanism Based on Training Etiquette Quality of Medical Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严光菊

    2013-01-01

    The effective operation of moral identity mechanism is the key to the quality of the medical students etiquette training. At present, the anomie of moral identity mechanism highlights etiquette behavior of medical students is not harmonious. The medical students as the main body, the etiquette theoretical and practical dimensions based on the internal and external factors, on the basis of dialectical relationship, training with the etiquette of the mode of thinking and behavior, to achieve effective operation mechanism of moral identity, thereby enhancing medical students etiquette quality, enhance the doctor occupation social identity and the harmonious doctor-patient relationship degree.%  道德认同机制的有效运行是医学生礼仪素质培养的关键。目前,医学生礼仪行为失范凸显道德认同机制的不和谐。以医学生为主体,基于礼仪的理论与现实维度,依据内外因辩证关系,培养符合礼仪道德的思维方式和行为方式,实现道德认同机制的有效运行,从而提升医学生的礼仪素质,提升医生职业的社会认同度和医患关系的和谐度。其路径是:完善道德体系;加强礼仪道德教育;构建扬善抑恶机制。

  19. Administrative Case Guidance System:Problems,Ways and Prospects%行政案例指导制度:问题、出路与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱文杰; 程丹丹

    2015-01-01

    In the practical administrative enforcement ,we are facing the difficulties and challenges of discretion benchmark's misalignment and anomie ,and also the attraction and temptation from judicial case guidance system's vigorous growth .Useful explorations of administrative case guidance system as a new path that guarantees administration under law ,are on the way in many cities and provinces .But as a nascent probing system in practice ,it is faced with some specific challenges of insufficient study in such fields as basic theory ,feasibility ,outlet line exploration and practical use ,which calls for the unity of administrative case guidance system in China . We should explore the specific design and reference application of administrative case guidance system ,and make it return to the goal of administrative rule of law .%行政执法实践中,一方面面临着裁量基准失准、失范的困境与挑战,另一方面又承受着司法案例指导制度蓬勃、壮大的吸引与诱惑。行政案例指导制度,作为行政法治保障新路径,多省(市)已迈出探索步伐。但是,作为实践中刚刚起步的探索性制度,又面临着诸如基础性理论、可行性论证、出路性探索、实践性运用等研究不足的具体挑战,亟需构建统一的行政案例指导制度,探索行政案例指导制度的具体设计、参照适用,并使其回归到行政法治的建设目标中。

  20. Analysis on Deep Motivation of Construction of Social Sports Instructors in China%我国社会体育指导员队伍建设的深层动因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑清

    2014-01-01

    综合分析了社会体育指导员队伍建设出现的各种问题,从队伍文化建设缺失,难以形成群体效应、队伍结构失衡,难以满足社会需求、队伍管理运行机制不畅通,队伍稳定性差、成员法律意识淡薄,行为失范现象增多几个角度,探究社会体育指导员队伍规范化发展的深层动因,为进一步提升社会体育指导员队伍的凝聚力,扩大影响力,形成具有品牌优势的社会体育指导员队伍提供参考意见和理论支持。%It has an analysis on the various problems of social sports instructor team construction.For the missing of team culture construction, it is difficult to form the group effect.The team structure is out of balance, for the needs in the society, team man-agement and operation mechanism are not clear so the team is lack of stability.The members'legal consciousness is weak.The phenomenon of behavior anomie increase .From above the points of view,it is to explore the social sports instructors for deep moti-vation of development.In order to further enhance the cohesion of the social sports instructors and expand their influence, refer-ence and support theory have been provided.

  1. Lack of Confucian Merchants Spirit under Contemporary Market Economic Tide and Confucian Merchants Culture Modern Meaning and Its Practice%当代市场经济潮流中儒商精神的缺失与儒商文化的现代意义及其践行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 王瑞辉

    2012-01-01

    An analysis on the integral relations between confiician merchants, its spirit and culture and the commerce economy. This thesis analyzes the moral predicament in the present business community. Such as integrity anomie, distortion of commercial ethic ect. It puts forward that the development of Confucian merchants culture should meet the need of era. Also, the basic spirits and the implementing ways of Confucian merchants culture are discussed from four aspects. Including rediscovering the present value of Confucian merchants culture and expanding its spirit, proposing new commercial ethic and rebuiding the commercial atmosphere, expediting Confucian merchants advance with the times and accelerating its modern transformation, enhancing the interflow and resource integration between chamber of commerce and enterprise and improving the development environment of private enterprises.%本文分析了儒商、儒商精神及儒商文化与商业经济之间不可分割的关系,结合当下工商业界存在的诚信失范、商业伦理迷途等道德困境,提出儒商文化发展应顺应时代的要求.并从四个方面探讨了儒商文化的基本精神及其践行路径,即:重新认识儒商文化的当下价值,弘扬儒商精神;倡导新型商业伦理,推进商道重建;推动儒商“与时俱进”,加快儒商文化的现代转型;增进商会与企业的交流及资源整合,改善民营企业发展环境.

  2. Anomic Crime in Post-Welfarist Societies: Cult of the Individual, Integration Patterns and Delinquency

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    Sabine Frerichs

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Post-Fordist economies come along with post-welfarist societies marked by intensified cultural individualism and increased structural inequalities. These conditions are commonly held to be conducive to relative deprivation and, thereby, anomic crime. At the same time, post-welfarist societies develop a new “balance of power” between institutions providing for welfare regulation, such as the family, the state and the (labour market—and also the penal system. These institutions are generally expected to improve social integration, ensure conformity and thus reduce anomic crime. Combining both perspectives, we analyse the effects of moral individualism, social inequality, and different integration strategies on crime rates in contemporary societies through the lenses of anomie theory. To test our hypotheses, we draw on time-series cross-section data compiled from different data sources (OECD, UN, WHO, WDI for twenty developed countries in the period 1970–2004, and run multiple regressions that control for country-specific effects. Although we find some evidence that the mismatch between cultural ideal (individual inclusion and structural reality (stratified exclusion increases the anomic pressure, whereas conservative (family-based, social-democratic (state-based and liberal (market-based integration strategies to a certain extent prove effective in controlling the incidence of crime, the results are not very robust. Moreover, reservations have to be made regarding the effects of “market” income inequality as well as familialist, unionist and liberalist employment policies that are shown to have reversed effects in our sample: the former reducing, the latter occasionally increasing anomic crime.

  3. Identity on the basis of Molavi’s Snake-Charmer Story

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    a Fatehi

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge of man’s real identity is supposed to be a complicated or even an impossible task. The main purpose of this descriptive-analytical article, done by library method, is to provide a comparative analysis of some aspects of “identity” in the views of Molavi and sociologists on the basis of his snake-charmer story presented in Mathnavi. The main question is ”what are the similarities and differences of Molavi’s viewpoint and those of modern sociologists with respect to the concept of identity?”. The theoretical findings of the article show that most of the sociologists perceive "identity" as a relative concept formed from the interactions of some environmental and social variables such as social class, ethnicity, nationality and so on with each other and man's psychological aspects as well. Furthermore, most of sociologists decline any independent substantial entity for identity. Conversely, Molavi considers essence and transcendental truth as the principal components of identity which lie potentially in human. He interprets identity as returning to man's basic humanity equal to High God's recognition and finding his original position in the universe. On the basis of Molavi’s viewpoint, the concept of identity cannot be merely depicted through sociologists' popular categories such as personal identity, national identity, social identity and so on. Both Molavi and sociologists regarding the historical-cultural conditions of their own time, consider the alienated form of society and persons through the application of various literary symbols. Molavi applied symbols such as worm, dragon, snake etc while modern sociologists present the alienated forms of society and its actors via utilization of expressions such as loneliness, disappointment, depression, isolation, anomie and disgust.

  4. Climate Blues: or How Awareness of the Human End might re-instil Ethical Purpose to the Writing of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Levene

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The accumulating evidence on the depth and accelerating trajectory of anthropogenic climate change poses the possibility of an early end to human existence as part of a more general biotic extinction. But if that is the case what does that mean for the latter day writing of history? Our response follows two main lines of thought. The first relates to the concept of the ‘Anthropocene’ and the possibilities that it offers historians to reconsider their subject in the light of what earth science is saying about earth history and our particularly recent role in its shaping. From this perspective, while the idea of a reconceptualised history by reference to key geological and other natural historical thresholds would certainly destabilise current academic practice, it might equally galvanise the historical discipline towards recognition of our present biospheric crisis. The second line of thought explores how history writing might contribute to an ethical response in the face of the end and an almost inevitable, accompanying violence, anomie and destruction. Apocalyptic language is eschewed by a progress-centred history. Here we argue that it is exactly the proper recovery of such discarded religiously subversive notions which could assist in the opening up of an alternative space repudiating a bankrupt political-economic system and envisioning instead a millennial social and environmental justice. The writings of Walter Benjamin, among others, offer historical pathfinders for such ideas. Combined with his presentation of an alternative, qualitative ‘Now’ time—thereby reconfiguring Judeo-Christian notions of kairos—such ideas speak both to the urgency for a purposeful, non- violent response to Endtime but also by implication, an ongoing human quest for grace.

  5. Eastern European Transformation and Youth Attitudes toward Violence

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    Berit Haußmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This cross-national examination of the motives behind adolescent approval of violence in major cities in Germany and four Eastern European transformation societies (Czech Republic, Poland, Russia, Slovenia draws on Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT, which leads us to expect higher instrumental motivation for violence among adolescents in the transforming societies. Differences in institutional structure and cultural orientations between Germany and the Eastern European societies are assessed using data from ILO and ESS. Analysis of the different motives for violence is based on data collected by the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (KFN in Kraków, Volgograd, Ljubljana, Plzen, and Hamburg. Comparability and cross-cultural interpretability of the violence
    attitude measure is assessed by applying confirmatory factor analyses in multi-group comparisons. A lack of sufficient data meant that specific assumed linkages as implied by IAT could not be established, but the results for a specific instrumental/utilitarian motive for violence and for institutional structure and cultural orientations point to the utility of applying insights from IAT to understanding the dynamics of violence within the Eastern European context of transformation.
    We find empirical indications that specific features of the family mediate the “Eastern effect” on the instrumental/utilitarian motive. Further research is needed to discover whether economic dominance affects motives for youth violence indirectly via the socialization provided by non-economic institutions rather than directly via cultural orientations.

  6. Religious Racism. Islamophobia and Antisemitism in Italian Society

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    Alfredo Alietti

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Racism and racial prejudice, considered a relic of obsolete and outdated social systems, is emerging in the depths of ultra-modern Western societies with different characteristics from the past but with a surprising and worrying virulence. These waves of prejudice and racism testify to the many fears that fill the horizons of advanced societies, undermining not only their internal reliability, but also just their democratic settings. This paper presents a critical review of Islamophobia as a racial prejudice, showing that two main definitions are at work: Islamophobia as xeno-racism or linked to the so-called clash of civilizations. Then, it presents the outcomes coming from a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI survey led among a representative sample of the Italian population (n = 1,523 on Antisemitic and Islamophobic attitudes. The cogency and structure of anti-Muslim public discourse and connected mass attitudes, revealed by our investigation, confirm the emergency of these two relevant dimensions of Islamophobia, which claim for a more accurate definition of Islamophobia. Moreover, the distribution of anti-Semitic and Islamophobic attitudes illustrate an interesting overlapping of Islamophobia and Antisemitism which claims that racism is multi-targeted and that there is not so much options between Antisemitism and Islamophobia. Finally, we use three main variables—anomie, ethnocentrism, and authoritarianism—as predictors of Islamophobia and Antisemitism. We tested the strength of these three predictors with the aid of path technique based on multiple regression analysis, which helps to determine the direct and indirect impacts of certain independent variables on dependent variables in a hypothetical causal system.

  7. El conflicto interno colombiano. Identidad, solidaridad y conflicto social

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    Parales, Carlos J.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The article draws links between the concepts of identity, solidarity and social conflict. It argues that, since feelings of identification favor social cohesion, when the construction of national identity does not achieve positive expression it fails to produce solidarity. In Colombia the ambivalent and forced character of the Independence movement resulted, among other things, in an imperfect construction of national identity and led to turbulent history of violence and segregation. The consequence has been difficult social bonds, hostile forms of social contact, and the development of what has been described as one of the most impressive contemporary examples of anomie. Based on Durkheim's sociology, the article suggests that the conflict in Colombia is basically a moral problem and must be treated as such, as this is the only way to see in this conflict an opportunity for social change.

    Este artículo esboza posibles relaciones entre los conceptos de identidad nacional, solidaridad y conflicto social, apoyándose en la sociología de Durkheim. Se argumenta que, dado que la identificación favorece la cohesión social, cuando la conformación de identidad nacional no logra expresiones constructivas no consigue producir solidaridad. En Colombia el carácter forzado y ambivalente del movimiento independentista resultó, entre otras consecuencias, en una construcción problemática de la identidad nacional y ha provocado una historia turbulenta de violencia y segregación. Las consecuencias se manifiestan en la alteración de los vínculos sociales y el desarrollo de lo que se ha calificado como uno de los ejemplos contemporáneos más dramáticos de anomia. El artículo sugiere que el conflicto colombiano es básicamente un problema moral.

  8. The thoughts of reconstructing the current difficulty of the contemporary Chinese ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    青岛大学马克思主义学院,山东青岛266003

    2016-01-01

    With the deepening of the reform and opening up and socialist market economy and development of China’s traditional ethics appeared between theory and reality, in addition to official corruption, all kinds of unfair distribution and the impact of the virtual network, facing national ethics identity crisis in contemporary China, all sorts of ethical problems, moral anomie and spirit flaw phenomenon is serious. Therefore, must be based on national conditions, dialectical treatment of traditional ethics and foreign ethics culture, correctly handle the relationship between efficiency and fairness, to strengthen the power restriction and supervision system, improve the modern market new order and new network moral order, promote the construction of a new moral ethics to satisfy the needs of The Times.%随着改革开放和社会主义市场经济的深入和发展,我国传统的伦理理论与现实出现了脱节,加之官员腐败、各种分配不公以及虚拟网络的冲击等原因,当代中国面临着国家伦理认同危机,各种伦理问题突出,道德失范和精神缺失现象严重。因此,必须立足国情,辩证的对待传统伦理及外来伦理文化,正确处理效率与公平的关系,强化权力运行制约和监督体系,完善建立现代市场新秩序和网络道德新秩序,推动适应时代需要的伦理新道德的构建。

  9. On the Construction of Responsibility Ethics in Administrative Subject%论行政主体的责任伦理建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董翔薇; 贾鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    "Administrative subject" refers to the government and its administrative staffs;"responsibility ethics",which is not only a sort of responsibility form,but also a sort of ethical area,will change external legal system into personal morals.It is about the whole process ethics of behavioral decision,implementation and consequences.In the field of modern public administration,ethical and moral anomie is frequently occurred,to train the administrative subject's responsibility ethics is imminent.This paper searches the ways of establishing the administrative subject's responsibility ethics in order to better fulfill its responsibilities and obligations.%"行政主体"是指各级政府及其行政人员;"责任伦理"既是一种责任形态,又是一种伦理范畴,是通过将外在的法律、制度内化为行政人员的道德修养,是关于行为的决策、执行、后果的全过程伦理。在现代公共行政领域,伦理道德失范现象频发,培育行政主体的责任伦理意识迫在眉睫,文章探求了建设行政主体责任伦理的途径,以使行政主体更好地履行其职责和义务。

  10. Sociologia do desvio e interacionismo Sociology of deviance and interactionism

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    Rita de Cássia Pereira Lima

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é essencialmente teórico e tem como objetivo apresentar uma análise histórica não exaustiva da sociologia do desvio, privilegiando as teorias interacionistas. Inicialmente, após um breve relato sobre a aparição da sociologia do desvio em Chicago, serão comentadas três tendências que buscam analisar as causas do desvio: o funcionalismo, a anomia e o culturalismo. Em seguida, o interacionismo surge como uma proposta de rompimento com o enfoque causal. A especificidade da teoria interacionista, particularmente a "Labelling Theory" de H. Becker, encontra-se na ação coletiva e na ênfase no processo social através do qual um indivíduo ou grupo é considerado desviante pelos demais. Para finalizar, serão mencionadas algumas tendências mais recentes, por exemplo, a fenomenologia e a etnometodologia, acrescidas de algumas críticas dirigidas ao conjunto dessas teorias, especialmente por Pierre Bourdieu.This is essentially a theoretical article and it aims to present a non-exhaustive analysis of the sociology of deviance, emphasizing interactionist theories. A brief account of the emergence of the sociology of deviance in Chicago is followed by a discussion on three tendencies that are involved in analyzing the causes of deviance: functionalism, anomie and culturalism. Next, interactionism arises as a means to break up with the causal approach. The specificity of the interactionist theory, especially H. Becker's Labelling Theory, can be seen in collective action and in the emphasis on the social process through which an individual or a group is considered deviant by the others. Finally, a few of the more recent tendencies are mentioned, such as phenomenology and ethnomethodology, and the criticism directed at these theories, mainly by Pierre Bourdieu, are discussed.

  11. 学术期刊在学风建设中的把关作用探析%On the Monitoring Function of Academic Periodicals in the Construction of Study Atmosphere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禤展图

    2015-01-01

    本文所论及的学风主要是指学术界的学术研究风气。目前,学术道德失范,价值观念趋向功利化,学风浮躁,低水平重复现象严重。可从以下途径来发挥学术期刊在学风建设中的把关作用:切实发挥学术期刊的学术评价功能;引导学风健康发展;规范稿件处理程序,杜绝学术不端行为;提高编辑、审稿人的学术评判能力,识破变相抄袭;学术期刊编辑部定期或不定期举办学风建设培训班;编辑要以良好的学术道德规范和学术规范影响作者。%The study atmosphere in this paper means the academic research atmosphere. At present, the aca-demic moral is in a state of anomie;values tend to utilitarianism;study atmosphere is of impetuous passion;and low-level publications are redundant. Academic periodicals should give full play to the academic monitoring function with such measures as playing the assessment function, guiding the healthy development of study atmo-sphere, formalizing editorial process of contributed papers, eliminating academic misconduct, improving editor and reviewer's ability of academic judgment and plagiarism detection, holding related training classes of study at-mosphere construction, and emphasizing the model function of editor’s good academic morality and academic norm.

  12. 研究生学术道德行为失范表现及其对策%Postgraduates' Academic Moral Anomaly in Colleges and Universities: Conducts and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立军; 于巍

    2012-01-01

    高等学校部分研究生学术道德失范行为已成为研究生教育不容忽视的问题。研究生学术道德缺失集中体现在学术杜撰或造假行为、学术抄袭或篡改行为和雇佣或充当“枪手”行为三个方面。究其原因主要源自研究生的主观动机和外界客观因素的影响,应当发挥课堂教育对研究生学术道德知识的普及作用,倡导研究生导师的学术道德典范作用,完善研究生学术道德失范行为的监管机制,从而有效地解决研究生学术道德缺失的问题。%Postgraduates" academic moral anomaly has become a major problem that can not be ignored in the postgraduate training work in colleges and universities. The postgraduates" academic moral anomaly can be seen mainly from the three kinds of their immoral conducts: academic fiction, academic plagiarism, and hiring other people or being hired to take examinations illegally. Such academic immoral conducts are mainly caused by the postgraduates" subjective motives and external factors. Therefore,in order to eradicate the academic immoral conducts prevailing among postgraduates, it is suggested that the classroom education should play a more positive role in popularizing the knowledge of academic morality among postgraduates; it be advocated that tutors set a good example for their postgraduates in observing academic morality; and the supervision and control mechanism be completed to further halt postgraduates from academic moral anomie effectively

  13. 传统文化与会计教育%Traditional Culture and Accounting Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑾瑜; 苟绍华

    2011-01-01

    近年来,会计职业被经济领域一系列失范问题所困扰,如何培养自律的高品质会计专业人才成为一个需要认真思考的问题。本文将中国传统文化与会计教育相结合,深入分析了儒家中和思想对会计教育的影响以及儒家的义利观与会计职业道德教育的相互关系。本文还针对传统文化对会计教育的效果进行了问卷调研,结果表明,将传统文化融入会计专业教学有助于会计专业学生深刻理解会计专业知识,更有助于培养自律的会计职业道德。%In recent years, a series of economic accounting profession is faced with the problem of anomie,how to develop self-discipline,high-quality accounting professionals is needed to seriously think about. This traditional Chinese culture and the combination of accounting education,and in-depth analysis of the Confucian idea of the impact of accounting education and the Confucian concept of justice and benefit the accounting profession and the relationship between moral education.This article also accounts for the traditional culture of the effect of education conducted a questionnaire survey,whose results show that the traditional culture merging into the accounting profession teaching can help students a deep understanding of the accou- nting profession of accounting expertise,and help develop self- discipline of accounting ethics.

  14. 转移支付之障:义务教育财政供给困境的破与立%The Barrier of Financial Transfer Payment---On the Dilemma and Suggestions of Compulsory Educations’ Finance Supply

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳源; 余利川

    2015-01-01

    The barrier of financial transfer payment assumes much transfer levels,fuzzy relations of transfer and pay-ment, anomie of the financial construction process and the weak specification of transfer allowance form. The barrier rises mainly from the complex relationships of rights to transfer and pay,responsibilities and benifits inside the gov-ernent,the departure from fair and just service concept and the loss of normative financial transfer payment system. To get rid of the barrier of finance transfer,we should make clear responsibility of government of all levels in transfer payments,reshaps the education finance goals, establish financial monitoring mechanism and improve the fund structure . Thus,we can provide adequate and reasonable financial security for the integrated development of compul-sory education.%义务教育财政供给障碍,表现为转移级次过多,转支关系模糊;财政建设进程失范;转移补助形式规范性不强。原因主要在于政府间转支权、责、利关系交错不清,公正公平的服务理念偏离,规范化财政转支体制缺失。破除义务教育财政转移之障,应明晰各级政府转移支付之责,重塑基础教育支付目标,建立财力状况监察机制,完善支付资金结构,进而为城乡义务教育一体化发展提供充足且合理的财政保障。

  15. Generation and Control of Front Risks of Clean Politics%论廉政前端风险的形成与管控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师索; 蔡青松

    2014-01-01

    传统观点认为廉政风险存在于公权力运行体系之中,但却忽视了个体社会化进程中自我控制能力的养成、社会观念的隐性储备与准“腐败”行为首次生成等变量对最终腐败行为的作用机制。完整的廉政风险应由前端风险与本体风险构成。公务人员入职之前的个体社会化失范所引发的对个体犯罪性的高度盖然性是廉政前端风险的风险源。因此,有必要从家庭、教育、文化、准入四个层面进行廉政风险干预,防止个体犯罪的盖然性转化为廉政前端风险。%The traditional view considers that the risk of integrity politics exists in public power operation system, ignoring how the variables, such as cultivation of self control ability, social concept’s hidden reserves and expectant “corruption”behavior, play a role in the ultimate formation of corruption. Therefore, the complete integrity risk of politics should be constituted by front risk and ontological risk. An individual criminal’s uncertain state caused by civil servants’individual social anomie contributes to the source of front risks of clean politics. Consequently, it’s necessary to interfere in the risk prevention from the perspectives of family, education, culture and access so as to prevent the possibility from transferring into reality.

  16. On the Job Burnout of College Teachers from the Perspective of Social Capital%社会资本视域下的高校教师职业倦怠探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃汉吨; 何绍红

    2011-01-01

    从社会资本视角来看,造成高校教师职业倦怠的主要原因在于高校教师的社会关系难显优势,社会资本中的信任、规范、社会网络等因素的不良或欠缺,导致其社会资本贫乏或占有不足。预防与消弭高校教师职业倦怠,应注重高校教师自身社会资本的积累和价值提升,增强职业倦怠的免疫力;深化高校教育体制改革,矫正社会失范,为预防与消弭职业倦怠提供制度基础;建立多元化的高校教师社会支持网络体系,为教师营造温馨的心理环境。%From the perspective of social capital, the main reason for the job burnout of college teachers lays in the followings : their incompetent in the social relationship, the undesirable factors and lack of trust, standard and social network in the so- cial work which lead to poor or inadequate social capital. In order to prevent and eliminate job burnout of college teachers, it should pay attention to their accumulation of social capital and value promotion thus strengthening their immunity of job burnout. It should deepen the reform of the educational system, rectify the social anomie, provide the system basis for the prevention and elimination of job burnout and establish diversified social supporting network to improve their psychological environment.

  17. Talk about Our Country Journalists Professional Ethics Construction under the New Media Era%论新媒体时代我国新闻工作者职业道德建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    都业虹

    2014-01-01

    The new media era with its distinctive characteristics, have a strong impact on journalistic ethics, and some journalists showed indifference purpose, profit -driven enhancements, authenticity decline, guiding fatigue and other professional ethics anomie phenomenon. Journalists need to strengthen professional ethics, Confirm the purpose of serving the people, improve the ideological level, bearing in mind the overall situation, grasp the trend, focusing on events, strengthen the study for Marxist journalistic? view, pursuit the truth of reported, stick to the moral bottom line of journalism, bear the historical responsibility conferred by the era, to promote the integration development of traditional media and new media, contribute power to building a moderately prosperous society.%新媒体时代以其鲜明的特征,对新闻道德产生强烈冲击,有的新闻工作者表现出宗旨淡漠,逐利增强,真实性下降,引导性乏力等职业道德失范现象。新闻工作者需要加强职业道德建设,明确为人民服务的宗旨,提升思想境界,胸怀大局、把握大势、着眼大事,加强马克思主义新闻观的学习,追求报道的真实性,坚守新闻工作的道德底线,承担起时代所赋予的历史责任,为推动传统媒体和新兴媒体融合发展发力,为全面建设小康社会贡献力量。

  18. 当代大学生公民道德建设的新途径%New Ways of Constructing Contemporary College Students’ Civic Morality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳玉; 刘楠

    2014-01-01

    As the successors to the socialist cause, contemporary college students should be demonstrators of positive energy of the society. However, the current events that the media have published indicate that they are perniciously influenced by the unhealthy social tendency and show many moral anomie such as lack of ideals, beliefs and sense of public morals, immoral behaviors, imbalanced mental health, defect of moral education, etc. The reasons for that are the impacts of the unfavorable social tendency, the impacts of the negative network information and the lack of family education of pubic morals. The construction of college students’ civic morality can be enhanced by creating favorable directions of public opinion, leading social tendency with positive energy, and strengthening the teaching of the two courses--“Marxist Theory”and“Ideology and Morality”.%当代大学生作为社会主义事业的接班人,应该是社会正能量的示范者,但是从现阶段媒体披露的种种事件,表明大学生受到社会不正风气的腐蚀,表现出很多道德失范现象,如:理想信念缺失,公德心缺失,道德行为失范,心理健康失衡,社会公德教育存在缺陷等。究其原因是社会不良环境影响,网络信息负面影响,家庭公德教育缺失等。通过营造良好地舆论导向,引领正能量的社会风气,增强“两课”的教学地位等方面可以加强大学生的公民道德建设。

  19. 论胶州湾滩涂管理中的伦理规制问题%On the Ethical Regulation of Beach Management in Jiaozhou Bay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕建华; 张顺香

    2012-01-01

    Ethical regulation is institutionalized ethics as it can give the effectiveness of the code of ethics to heternnomy. There are a variety of unethical behaviors in the Jiaozhou Bay beach management, such as unscientific planning of the Jiaozhou Bay beach development, one-sided pursuit of economic interests, ignoring intertidal ecological environment in the implementation of beach planning, etc. These are mainly caused by the ethical anomie. To solve this problem, only relying on the strength of the legal and institutional is not enough. The ethical moral rescue is also needed. Therefore, to explore the main way to achieve ethics regulation in the Jiaozhou Bay beach management, standardizing Jiaozhou Bay beach management's ethical behavior has theoretical and practical significance for the healthy and rapid development of the beach-based economy of Jiaozhou Bay.%管理手段多元化是海洋行政管理的趋势之一。胶州湾滩涂管理中的种种有悖于伦理道德的行为,如胶州湾滩涂开发规划不科学、滩涂规划实施中片面追求经济利益忽视滩涂生态环境等,究其原因,最根本的是人的伦理失范。解决这一问题,仅仅依靠法律和制度的力量是不够的,还需要借助伦理进行道德上的救助。因此,探索实现胶州湾滩涂管理伦理规制的主要途径,规范胶州湾滩涂管理部门的伦理行为,对于胶州湾滩涂经济的健康快速发展具有理论和现实意义。

  20. 网络问责的理论探讨%Theoretical Discussion on the Network Accountability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司林波

    2012-01-01

    Network accountability mainly refers to the fact that the internet users, through the public opinion platform of the network, correct the anomie behavior and ascertain the responsibility of the government and its officials in dealing with social events. The development of network technology, internet popularization, civil awareness awakening, and the attentions of senior government officials on the public opinion of the network are the basic conditions for the formation and development of the network accountability. Means and methods of network accountability are very rich, with the basic characteristics as anonymity and ease, openness and equality, variant and effectiveness, interactivity and gather. Network accountability procedures generally include the following seven steps as the issues generated, issues expansion, view interactive, media focus, the tracking and transferring of public opinion and event handling, public opinion review and evaluation, the subsiding and transferring of the public opinion.%网络问责主要是指网民通过网络舆论平台对政府及其公职人员在处理社会事件中的失范行为的舆论矫正和责任追究活动。网络技术的发展和网络的普及化、公民意识的觉醒以及政府高层对网络舆情的重视是网络问责形成与发展的基础性条件。网络问责手段和方式十分丰富。具有匿名性和便捷性、开放性和平等性、异体性和实效性、交互性和集聚性等基本特征。网络问责程序一般包括议题生成、议题扩展、观点交互、舆论聚焦、舆论跟踪转化与事件处理、舆论回顾与评价、舆论平息与转移等七个步骤。

  1. Alienation,Impact and Guidance of Network Public Opinion under New Media Context%新媒体语境下的网络舆论:异化、冲击与引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶鹏

    2014-01-01

    新媒体构建起一种新型的社会语境和媒介生态,媒介的融合诱发了社会变革,新媒体语境下的网络舆论因而呈现出多种异化与畸变现象,给社会管理带来了冲击与挑战。如何在新媒体语境下有效地引导网络舆论,已经成为社会管理范畴的重要课题。因此,需要通过议程设置重构、完善网络问政机制、加强网络社交管理、规制政府行为失范、提升主流媒体公信力等途径,实现对网络舆论的有效引导,从而促进虚拟社会与现实社会得以健康稳定、和谐有序地发展。%New media has formed a new type of social context and media ecology.However,the fusion of media inducing social reform and network public opinion under new media context appears various phenomena of alienation and distortion accordingly.As a result,social management will face various impacts and challenges,such as cycle shortening,more difficulties to distinguish truth from fake,public opinion becoming changeable and misleading public decision-making. Consequently,how to guide network public opinion effectively under new media context has become an important subject of social management category.It is necessary to realize the effective guidance of network public opinion so as to further improve the healthy,stable,harmonious and orderly development of modern society through the methods of re-setting a-genda,perfecting the network politics mechanism,strengthening the management of social network,regulating the behav-ior anomie of government itself,improving the public trust for mainstream media.

  2. 进退维谷的现代性:理性同主体性的双重困境--现代性与后现代性颉颃关系之反思%Modernity:the Dilemma of Rationality and Subjectivity---A Reflection About Contradiction Between Modernity and Postmodernity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温权

    2014-01-01

    The contradiction in modernity turns out a fierce confrontation between modernity and postmodernity due to conflicts between rationality and subjectivity, which leads to collapse of order in modernity, failure of critical principles of postmodernity, anomie of rationality and the fence attitude of subjectivity. The basic reason involves antinomy when rationality and subjectivity construct modernity and postmodernity. Thus, the reflection on contradiction between modernity and postmodernity discloses th double paradox between rationality and subjectivity. The process to close the rift between rationality and subjectivity is an effective way to reconstruct modernity.%将现代性的达成等价于科学理性的实现,并置于后现代的天平上予以衡量,其成就必然随主体性砝码的减少而式微。与之相应,当理性与主体性互相抵牾,现代性自身的矛盾就衍化为现代性与后现代性之间的激烈对峙。其后果有二:首先是现代性秩序的瓦解与后现代批判标准的失范,其次是理性准则的去合法化与主体面对多元价值时的骑墙态度。它们扞格不入的原因,根源于理性与主体性在分别构建现代性与后现代性时所形成的二律背反。鉴于此,对现代性与后现代性矛盾的反思,就是对理性与主体性双重悖论的揭露。而弥合理性与主体性间裂痕的过程,又是重建现代性的必经之路。

  3. An Analysis of Binary-tree Pricing and Trading Strategy of Forestry options%林业期权的二叉树定价以及交易策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐静; 李超杰; 张彦

    2011-01-01

    Now,reform of forest ownership has been taken all over the country,but we are still lack of quantitative study on the transfer of forest ownership-the core of the reform-especially,many problems existed in transfer of forest ownership,i.e.late start and small scale in transfer,lack of interest in transfer for forest farmers,insufficient supply,asymmetrical market information,anomy of local government,shortage of appraisal system on forest resources,and restraint in technology.This paper applies the real options theory to transfer of forest ownership to improve pay-as-you-go trade into two-option trade,and combines the real options theory with the binary-tree pricing model to analyze the trade strategy of the buyers and the sellers.The research shows that when designing trade mechanism we must control the rate of deforestation,and expectation between the buyers and the sellers plays a decisive role on trade strategy.%目前,林权改革已在我国如火如荼地展开了,但是作为林权改革核心的林权流转仍缺少定量化的研究,尤其是林权流转方面还存在着诸多问题,如林权流转起步晚,规模小;林农对流转缺乏积极性,供给不足;市场信息不对称,地方政府失范;森林资源评估体系缺乏,流转受到技术限制。将实物期权理论应用于林权流转的过程,将林权流转买卖双方即收即付的交易进行改良,将其分解为两个期权的交易,综合运用实物期权理论和二叉树定价模分析买卖双方的交易策略研究结果发现,交易机制在设计时必须对砍伐率进行控制,而预期对买卖双方的交易策略起着决定性的作用。

  4. 有效权力监督的三个原理性问题%Three Principles of Supervision of Effective Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖仲思; 罗比

    2011-01-01

    权力监督失效集中表现为权力失控、决策失误和行为失范。针对我国当前强化权力监督及其制度建设的迫切需要,尤其是针对“一把手监督难”的重大课题,文章从学理的角度归纳了有效权力监督的强制性原理、全覆盖原理和生疏化原理,阐述了监督的有效性必须建立在以相应权力为支撑的强制性的、不可规避的制度安排上;必须以监督与被监督之间的信息对称为基础,确保权力运行在时间和空间上不留任何监督“死角”;必须以一定的组织措施降低掌权者与知情人之间的熟络程度,有效阻隔“熟人社会”潜规则对权力运行和监督的消极影响。%The failure of power supervision is essentially characterized with the power out of control, decision error and behavior anomie. In view of the urgent need of the reinforcement of the power supervision and systematic construction in China, especially in the face of the "the difficult supervision of the heads of the organizations", this paper, from the academic point of view, concludes the mandatory principle, complete coverage principle, and dis- acquaintance principle, which may effectively supervise the power. This paper also explains that the validity of pow- er supervision must be based on the compulsory and inevitable system supported by relevant authorities, and be based on the information symmetry between the supervisors and supervisees, ensuring the cleaning of the "dead cor- ner" in time and space. The paper suggests that measures must be taken to reduce the acquaintance between the power holders and insiders, so as to prevent the negative influence of the hidden rules of the "acquaintance society" on the operation and supervision of power.

  5. Tolerancia al quebrantamiento de la norma en el area metropolitana de Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Duque

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El presente artículo analiza la tolerancia al quebrantamiento de la norma en Medellín y municipios del Área Metropolitana a partir de los datos obtenidos del estudio sobre la magnitud, distribución y factores asociados a la violencia en el Área Metropolitana que se realizó en 2004 a los diez municipios que la integran, por el cual se estimó la magnitud que se tiene en la sociedad de este importante factor de riesgo para la violencia. De los resultados se destaca que los indicadores estandarizados de anomia y de legitimación del quebrantamiento de la norma son asombrosamente altos en todos los municipios del Área Metropolitana de Medellín, tanto en hombres como en mujeres, aunque con mayor prevalencia entre los hombres, y entre los menores de edad y los jóvenes. Se presentan discusiones sociológicas que aportan elementos para explicar la presencia y las características de este fenómeno y los factores que motivan a un individuo a ocasionar un incidente que contribuye a dicho fenómeno. Entre los elementos explicativos se mencionan tanto los valores inadecuados o falta de ciertos valores culturales, fruto de condicionantes de índole sociocultural y económica en el Área Metropolitana, como la racionalidad individual.Abstract: This article analyzes the tolerance to the breaches of the norm in Medellin and municipalities in Metropolitan Area. For this purpose, we use data from the study about magnitude, distribution and factors associated with violence in Metropolitan Area of Medellin that was conducted in 2004 to ten of its municipalities. In this study was estimated the magnitude of this important risk factor for violence on society. Results emphasize that the standardized indicators of anomie and legitimacy to the breach of the rule are surprisingly high in all municipalities in the Metropolitan Area of Medellin, for both men and women, although most prevalent among men, children and youth. Sociological arguments are

  6. Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Robert

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school, 15 (secondary school and in early adulthood (age 19. Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc., and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities, school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc. and school context (size, denomination, etc.. A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement. While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self

  7. NIDA-Drug Addiction Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS) Relapse as a Function of Spirituality/Religiosity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenthaler, Stephen J.; Blum, Kenneth; Braverman, Eric R.; Giordano, John; Thompson, Ben; Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Badgaiyan, Rajendra D.; Madigan, Margaret A.; Dushaj, Kristina; Li, Mona; Demotrovics, Zsolt; Waite, Roger L.; Gold, Mark S.

    2015-01-01

    Background The connection between religion/spirituality and deviance, like substance abuse, was first made by Durkheim who defined socially expected behaviors as norms. He explained that deviance is due in large part to their absence (called anomie), and concluded that spirituality lowers deviance by preserving norms and social bonds. Impairments in brain reward circuitry, as observed in Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS), may also result in deviance and as such we wondered if stronger belief in spirituality practice and religious belief could lower relapse from drugs of abuse. Methods The NIDA Drug Addiction Treatment Outcome Study data set was used to examine post hoc relapse rates among 2,947 clients who were interviewed at 12 months after intake broken down by five spirituality measures. Results Our main findings strongly indicate, that those with low spirituality have higher relapse rates and those with high spirituality have higher remission rates with crack use being the sole exception. We found significant differences in terms of cocaine, heroin, alcohol, and marijuana relapse as a function of strength of religious beliefs (x2 = 15.18, p = 0.028; logistic regression = 10.65, p = 0.006); frequency of attending religious services (x2 = 40.78, p < 0.0005; logistic regression = 30.45, p < 0.0005); frequency of reading religious books (x2 = 27.190, p < 0.0005; logistic regression = 17.31, p < 0.0005); frequency of watching religious programs (x2 = 19.02, p = 0.002; logistic regression = ns); and frequency of meditation/prayer (x2 = 11.33, p = 0.045; logistic regression = 9.650, p = 0.002). Across the five measures of spirituality, the spiritual participants reported between 7% and 21% less alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and marijuana use than the non-spiritual subjects. However, the crack users who reported that religion was not important reported significantly less crack use than the spiritual participants. The strongest association between remission and spirituality

  8. Dificultades de integración social en personas depresivas con pensamientos de suicidio Social integration difficulties in depressive people with suicidal thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Montesó-Curtó

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Justificación: el suicidio es un tema de reflexión para las ciencias médicas pero también para las ciencias sociales. Durkheim analiza el suicidio y describe el estado de anomia -sin normas-, en el cual la ciudadanía, como resultado de un cambio rápido, pierde su conexión con la sociedad y su fe en las reglas sociales y en las instituciones, llevando al individuo a la desesperación y al suicidio. Objetivo: identificar las dificultades de integración social en personas depresivas con pensamientos de suicidio. Metodología: se realiza un estudio cualitativo que forma parte de una investigación más amplia sobre depresión. Antes de realizar la entrevista administramos un cuestionario con datos sociodemográficos, datos sobre depresión y causas identificadas, así como también el test de ansiedad-depresión de Goldberg. Posteriormente se realiza una entrevista en profundidad que la hemos denominado historia de vida. Se realizan entrevistas a 66 personas diagnosticadas de depresión, 52 mujeres y 14 hombres previo consentimiento. De éstas se analizan las que han tenido ideas o intentos de suicidio. Resultados: en muchos de los entrevistados que han pensado o han intentado el suicidio lo que les ha impedido hacerlo es la familia y los hijos. Conclusión: el apoyo social es identificado como el principal factor que ha impedido el suicidio.Rationale: suicide is a subject of investigation for the medical sciences but also social sciences. Durkheim examines suicide and describes the state of anomie, without rules, in which citizenship as a result of rapid change, loses its connection with society and his belief in social rules and institutions, leading to individual despair and suicide. Objective: identify the social integration difficulties in depressive people with suicidal thoughts. Methodology: we performed a qualitative study is part of a broader research on depression. Before the interview administered a questionnaire with demographic

  9. Mobile communication and new sense of places: a critique of spatialization in cyberculture Mobile communication and new sense of places: a critique of spatialization in cyberculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Lemos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The underlying idea of this paper can be expressed as follows: informational mobile technologies have enabled new means of communication and sociability based on what I call "informational territories". What is at stake here is to question some visions about the relationship between informational technologies and place, territory, community and mobility. I will argue that, under the label of "locative media", new mobile technologies are creating new forms of territorialization (control, surveillance, tracking and new meanings of space, place, and territory, contradicting the theory of "non-place" or "no sense of place". Moreover, this impels us to argue the ideas of anomie and isolation with the emergence of new forms of sociability and community created by location-based services. Comunicação móvel e o novo sentido dos lugares: crítica da espacialização na cibercultura — A ideia básica deste artigo pode ser colocada da seguinte forma: tecnologias informacionais móveis têm permitindo novas formas de comunicação e sociabilidade com base naquilo que chamo de "territórios informacionais". O que está em jogo aqui é uma nova relação entre as tecnologias informacionais e as dimensões do local, do território, da comunidade e da mobilidade. Vamos mostrar como as novas tecnologias móveis, sob o rótulo de "mídias locativas", criam novas formas de territorialização (controle, vigilância, monitoramento e, contra as tese de "não-lugar" ou de um "não sentido dos lugares", o que estamos vendo são novas significações no espaço público urbano. Além disso, discutiremos as ideias de anomia e de isolamento com o surgimento de formas de sociabilidade e de vínculo comunitário criadas pelos serviços baseados em localização (LBS.

  10. NIDA-Drug Addiction Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS Relapse as a Function of Spirituality/Religiosity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Schoenthaler

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The connection between religion/spirituality and deviance, like substance abuse, was first made by Durkheim who defined socially expected behaviors as norms. He explained that deviance is due in large part to their absence (called anomie, and concluded that spirituality lowers deviance by preserving norms and social bonds. Impairments in brain reward circuitry, as observed in Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS, may also result in deviance and as such we wondered if stronger belief in spirituality practice and religious belief could lower relapse from drugs of abuse. Methods: The NIDA Drug Addiction Treatment Outcome Study data set was used to examine post hoc relapse rates among 2,947 clients who were interviewed at 12 months after intake broken down by five spirituality measures. Results: Our main findings strongly indicate, that those with low spirituality have higher relapse rates and those with high spirituality have higher remission rates with crack use being the sole exception. We found significant differences in terms of cocaine, heroin, alcohol, and marijuana relapse as a function of strength of religious beliefs (x2 = 15.18, p = 0.028; logistic regression = 10.65, p = 0.006; frequency of attending religious services (x2 = 40.78, p < 0.0005; logistic regression = 30.45, p < 0.0005; frequency of reading religious books (x2 = 27.190, p < 0.0005; logistic regression = 17.31, p < 0.0005; frequency of watching religious programs (x2 = 19.02, p = 0.002; logistic regression = ns; and frequency of meditation/prayer (x2 = 11.33, p = 0.045; logistic regression = 9.650, p = 0.002. Across the five measures of spirituality, the spiritual participants reported between 7% and 21% less alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and marijuana use than the non-spiritual subjects. However, the crack users who reported that religion was not important reported significantly less crack use than the spiritual participants. The strongest association between remission

  11. 微博环境下的大学生社会道德建设%Research on the Social Morality Construction of College Students in the Circumstance of Micro-blog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘玮丽; 王任达

    2014-01-01

    大学生道德失范和缺位,一是市场经济的冲击;二是民众素质心态和社会舆论氛围;三是道德窘境和社会制度;四是道德教育的乏力。微博对大学生社会道德问题传播具有正效应和负效应。微博环境下对大学生进行社会道德建设,要关注社会导向在微博中的传播,避免舆论对道德问题的过分夸大,充分发挥意见领袖的作用,有效完善舆情监测系统,积极教授微博救助的技术,努力净化微博生态环境。%This paper discusses the social morality construction of college students under the circumstance of micro-blog.First, causes of present college students′social moral anomie and absence are explored,involving the impact of the market economy,peo-ple′s quality of mentality and social atmosphere of public opinion,the moral dilemmas and social system,and lack of moral educa-tion.Then the influences of micro-blog on college students′morality are analyzed.Miro-blog has both positive and negative effects on the spread of the social moral problems of college students.Finally,the paper puts forward some suggestions for the con-struction of social morality of college students.In the micro-blog,we should give enough attention to social orientation of public opinion,avoiding the exaggeration of moral problems;give full play to the role of opinion leaders;improve public opinion monito-ring system.Besides,micro-blog rescue technology be accessible,trying to purify the micro-blog environment.

  12. Interpretation and Countermeasures of Cyber-bullying from the Perspective of Information Ethics%基于信息伦理的网络暴力现象解读及对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董彦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,many cyber-bullying phenomena in the internet public sphere,such as inter-net virtual attacks,cyber manhunt and privacy leaks,have become hot points concerned widely,and also been seriously thought-provoking because of resulting in violence in our society. In the virtual and anonymous in-ternet space,due to the insufficiency of effective supervision and management,the moral system of supervising internet behaviors has been in a vacuum state,which leads to the frequent occurrences of internet anomie be-haviors. Therefore,on one hand,it is necessary for us to build up the cyber ethics regulation,strengthen the in-ternet information management,and establish "National Education Program of Internet Information Ethics";on the other hand,it is essential to construct information ethics education content system of integration and founda-tion,adopt diversified promotion strategy of information ethics education,so as to reach the goal of internet in-formation administration and information ethics education.%近年来在网络公共领域,诸如网络虚拟的人身攻击、“人肉搜索”、揭露隐私等网络暴力成为中国网络热点,成为人们关注重点,由其引起的暴力行为也令人深思。在匿名的虚拟网络空间里,由于缺乏有效监督管理,因网络行为起到规范作用的道德体系一直处于真空状态,从而导致网民网络失范频发。一方面,必须建立客体的网络伦理规范,加强网络信息管理,制定《互联网信息伦理国民教育纲要》;另一方面,必须构建综合化和基础化的信息伦理教育内容体系,采用多元化的信息伦理教育推动策略,从而达到网络信息治理和信息伦理教育的目的。

  13. 我国大学体育教育中的文化缺失、归因与重构%Attribution and Reconstruction for the Lack of Culture in China’s Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘元国; 温建军; 许传洲

    2014-01-01

    体育文化是大学文化甚至是教育文化中的重要组成部分,在长期的历史文化背景下,能够反映出文化的传统性和民族性特征,然而我国大学体育教育还存在较为严重的文化缺失现象,主要表现为思想游离、价值扭曲和精神失衡等。究其根本,可以发现在体育教育过程中的文化存在失范、文化理解偏差和文化表达不畅是其文化缺失的主要归因。这需要通过对文化存在、理解和表达的文化化的梳理和统一,不断构建大学体育教育文化的系统化的科学发展,在继承和发扬优秀传统文化的基础上,实现体育文化与大学的文化的融合和通达,最终为大学体育教育的文化重构提供可能的理论层面的程序化对策性知识体系。%Physical culture is an important component of university culture or even educational culture , and it can reflect the traditional and ethnical feature of culture under the long historical and cultural background. However,there exists a phenomenon of severe culture deficiency in the national physical education ,including dissociation of thoughts , distortion of values and imbalance of spirits among universities . When probing the fundamental sources,we can find the anomie culture in the process of physical education,and it mainly attributes to the understanding deviation and expression unsmoothness of physical culture. Therefore ,this phenomenon can be solved by combing and integrating the existence ,understanding and expression of physical culture and by constructing the scientific development of university physical education system ,so that we can bring about the integration smoothness and of physical and university culture on the basis of carrying forward and promoting the excellent traditional culture,and eventually provide the possible procedural and strategic knowledge system for the reconstruction of physical education in universities on the theoretical level.

  14. Political myths and totalitarianism: an anthropological analysis of their causal interrelationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svilicić, Niksa; Maldini, Pero

    2014-06-01

    This paper discusses the key political, anthropological and socio-cultural functions of political myths in the appearance and functioning of totalitarian regimes. A special emphasis is put on structural elements of the myth (mythemes) and the mythic content (narratives) in the processes of artificial construction of a new society (community) based on the myth-inspired ideological postulates. The paper argues that the establishment of totalitarianism marked a certain anthropological devolution. This devolution, in turn, proceeds through the deconstruction of civil society as an organic social sphere and the artificial construction of a new political community based on ideological postulates and political myths. In support of this assertion, it is first shown how the mythical narratives--transformed into political concepts and programs--were the basis of (re)interpretation of the world, society and individual, and essentially determined the nature and functioning of the totalitarian regimes. Then, the specific political myths are analyzed and compared, as well as their content and origin, and particularly their dual function. It in turn is analyzed in the framework of the classical society-community dichotomy, where the (civil) society is founded socio-politically on the social contract, and the (political) community socio-anthropologically on political myth. In a situation of identity and legitimacy crisis, anomie and the weakening of social cohesion--the characteristic conditions of the great economic and political crisis of the early twentieth century that enabled the emergence of totalitarianism--society as a contracting community does not work. A strong need for meaning (at the individual and societal level) affects the citizens' susceptibility to (political) concepts of (re)constitution of (political) community with which they can identify. Right there, totalitarian movements use the cohesive power of the political myth that replaces the rationally based

  15. Self-discipline Personality Dimension of Norms of Administrative Behavior---Based on George H Mead’ s “Self” Theory%论行政行为规范的自律性人格之维--基于乔治· H.米德的“自我”理论视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔姗姗

    2015-01-01

    There are two ways of standardizing the administrative acts, namely system outside force and internal self psychological constraints.Meade thinks self is consisted with“I” and“me”.Because the admin-istrative personnel can not make a distinction between“I” and“me”, a mixed personality will be generated. When the mixed personality and discretionary power appear in the executive body, Administrative personnel behavior will be against the rules.The rules can not limit freedom of administrative personnel.As per ordinary occupations, the opposition between“I” and“me” has little effect on the occupations.While that of adminis-trators is the core reason of administrative behavior anomie.Therefore, only reforming the self-discipline per-sonality of administrators in the moralized regulations can the alienated administrative behaviors be avoided.%从形式上看,行政行为异化是由于制度的不完善所引发的。而现实中制度只能对行政行为做出模糊的原则性要求,至于行政人员的具体行动则受他的自我价值观支配。米德认为由“主我”与“客我”的辩证统一关系组成了自我,当“主我”的私利追求与“客我”的公利实现共同组成行政人员的自我时,他就生成了混合性人格。对于社会其他职业而言,混合性人格中“主我”与“客我”的对立对职责的实现影响不大,但是,由于行政人员职业的特殊性,“主我”与“客我”的冲突则是导致行政行为失范的本质原因。因此,统一行政人员的“主我”与“客我”认知,把道德价值的内容充分吸纳到制度中,在德制中重塑行政人员的自律性人格,才能从根本上规避行政行为异化的问题。

  16. 诗意栖居与审美共识——"美丽中国"视域下中国人居环境审美反思%Poetic Habitation and Aesthetic Consensus——Aesthetic Reflections on Chinese Human Settlement under the"BeautifulChina"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭松乔

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of "beautiful China", there are many aesthetic problems in the environment of human settlements. From the perspective of phenomena, greedy great, fawn on foreign, pursuit of weird, ghost towns, can be described as four aesthetic freak; from the planning level, national engineering and ecological environment of the contradiction, urban renewal and protection of the old city of contradictions, rural construction and landscape design contradiction constitute of aesthetic conflict three real predicament. Such four fields as dramatic conflict, caused by social transformation, transaction of mental imbalance, the interests of the game leading to the confusion of values, and aesthetic confusion caused by cultural anomie are the main reasons that caused the problems existing in living environment. Therefore, we need to reach aesthetic consensus in the construction of human settlements environment, so that the beauty Chinaˊs grand vision of poetic dwelling will become reality. In this regard, the advanced culture to lead, inclusive attitude to promote, strengthening standard system, and the harmony of science and humanities are the only way to reach the aesthetic consensus.%置于"美丽中国"视域下的当下人居环境,存在不少审美方面问题. 从现象层面看,贪大、媚洋、求怪、鬼城可谓四大审美怪胎;从规划层面看,国家工程与生态环境的矛盾、城市改造与旧城保护的矛盾、乡村建设与景观设计的矛盾是构成审美冲突的三大现实困境. 究其根由,社会转型带来的急剧冲突、城乡异动产生的精神失衡、利益博弈导致的价值混乱和文化失范引起的审美迷茫是造成人居环境审美方面问题丛生的主要原因. 因此,我们亟须在人居环境建设方面形成审美共识,以便将美丽中国的宏伟愿景化为诗意栖居的人间现实.在这方面,先进文化的引领,包容心态的促进,制度规范的强化,科学人文

  17. Survey and Analysis of College Students’ Ecological Literacy---A Case Study of Several Colleges and Universities in Guangdong Province%我国大学生生态素养现状调查研究--以广东省部分高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋国保

    2015-01-01

    了解大学生的生态素养现状具有十分重要的意义。在对广东省部分高校大学生生态素养的调查显示,大学生的生态知识素养虽有所提升,但是还不够全面和深刻;生态伦理素养虽有所加强,但不够健全和完善;生态行为素养虽已开始养成,但仍存在缺位或失范。鉴于目前大学生生态素养的现状,高校应广泛开展大学生生态文明教育,切实提高“知识育人”效果;大力加强校园生态文化建设,努力营造“环境育人”氛围;建立健全生态环境规章制度,充分发挥“制度育人”作用;积极开展生态体验活动,着力强化“实践育人”功能。%This study investigates the current situation of college students ’ ecological literacy in severalThe results indicate that college students' ecological knowledge literacy has been improved, but not comprehensively and profoundly; their ecological ethics literacy has been strengthened, but not perfectly; their ecological behavior literacy has already been developed, but with deficiencies and anomie. Given the current situation of college students’ ecological literacy, the ecological civilization education should be carried out extensively to enhance the educational function of knowledge;the construction of campus ecological culture should be reinforced to develop the educational function of environment; regulatory framework regarding ecological concept should be strengthened to give full play to the educational function of rules and regulations, and ecological experience activities should be actively promoted to intensify the educational function of practice.

  18. Aslı Erdoğan'ın Anlatılarında Ontolojik Sorunlar Ontological Problems in Aslı Erdoğan's Narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet ÖZGER

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of existence in Aslı Erdoğan's narratives will be examined in this article. Aslı Erdoğan is one of the leading female autor in the last term Turkish Literature. Having written sort stories, novelsand essays the autor became famous with her artistic creativity. It canbe talked about two interwoven adventures in Aslı Erdoğan’s Works.The adventures in the outside world are accompanied by the heroes’adventures of an inner worlds. Heroes appear to be almost all alone, nothold, competing with backgrounds and themselves, living in a constantfeeling of emptiness and nothingness, who are looking to a meaningtoward lack and devastation in their lives. In this context, it seems thatexistential concepts and trajectory are in the forefront rather than plotin which speeches and interviews gained density. The circumstancesand details which shape human existence and attitude toward life areemphasized. The main problem of the narrative heroes is the alienationand the other existential problems that we see in narrative areconditions that become visible with other existential alienationproblems. It is seen that heroes are alienated particularly againstthemselves, environment and society. In this respect in the alienation ofnarrative, as a type of alienation themes like individual anomie andaccordingly, solitude, nothingness / space, escape / exile, death andsuicide and so on stand out. This narrative themes are important inrevealing the psychological world of the heroes as well as to reveal thepsychology of the author. Bu yazıda Aslı Erdoğan’ın anlatılarında varoluş sorunsalı incelenecektir. Aslı Erdoğan son dönem Türk edebiyatının önemli kadın yazarlarından biridir. Öykü, roman, deneme türlerinde eserler kaleme alan sanatçı, sanatsal yaratıcılık yeteneğiyle adından söz ettirmeyi başarmıştır. Aslı Erdoğan’ın eserlerinde iç içe geçmiş iki serüvenden bahsedilebilir. Kahramanların dış dünyadaki ser

  19. The Concept of “Society”in Durkheim’s Early Social Theory%涂尔干早期社会理论中的“社会”概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英飞

    2013-01-01

    Durkheim’s early work on the theory of “society”was in response to the predicament in reality caused by the abstract individualism which had evolved from the doctrine of natural rights represented by Rousseau.There were two specific aspects in the predicament.First,lack of cohesiveness inFrench politics and society after the Revolutionindicated that political revolution or reform guided by Rousseau’s doctrine of natural rights had not only caused failure in the political ideals of social contracts but also a disordered society.Second,bankruptciesof industrial and commercial enterprises and the conflicts between employers and employees resulting from the development of modern industry that came along with the Revolution alsoindicated that the abstract naturalrights led people down into anomie situations instead of bringing them social welfare.As seen by Durkheim,all of these rooted inthe moral dilemma of an abstract personalityhypothesis since Rousseau. To overcome this moral dilemma of abstract personality, Durkheim learned from Comte and recognized that “society”was more fundamental than politics,i.e.,a political system was simply an expression of the social system at a particular stage of civilization.Based on this,Durkheim followed the tradition of the social sciences in France and incorporated the argument onle corps social from Saint-Simon,Comte,and Spencer,trying to dispute the natural rights’view of social artificiality and demonstrate that human rights originated in society. Moreover, from the perspective of the collective conscience,Durkheim demonstratedthe spiritual characteristics of society,and on this basis,explainedhow to rebuild the moral authorityin modern secular society. In the final section, this paper discusses the problems from the incompleteness in Durkheim’s early theoretical framework,i.e.,the way by which individuals got connected to society.%涂尔干关于“社会”的理论的形成,与由以卢梭为代表的自然

  20. A Culturological Study of the Religious Beliefs of Women Groups in Anhui Rural Areas——Taking Lizhuang Village and Wushan Village in Chaohu City as an Example%对当前安徽农村女性群体宗教信仰问题的文化学思考——以巢湖市李庄村、吴山村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾名党

    2011-01-01

    Religious issues relate to social stability,national security,ethnic unity and reunification of a country.The rural women believers account for the vast majority of the existing various kinds of religious believers in China.The formation of their religious beliefs is mainly due to the loose political environment,the poor performance of the grassroots cultural organizations,the comparatively low cultural quality of rural women,the poor spiritual life of rural areas and the rural cultural anomie induced by religious culture.It weakens grassroots democratic regime,endangers public security,hinders the efforts to get rid of poverty and become better off,restricts spiritual civilization construction,and undermines family friendship.The paper holds that measures should be taken to deal with this phenomenon,including improving the awareness of the seriousness of the problem and implementing the joint management mechanism,consolidating the cultural carrier to enhance the ideological and moral realm of rural women,increasing the enforcement of infusing rural women with cultural knowledge,strengthening the construction of enriching the cultural activities in rural areas,and optimizing the quality of grassroots cadres to improve their management abilities.%宗教问题关系到社会稳定、国家安全、民族团结、祖国统一。在我国现有各类宗教信徒中,农村女性信徒占绝大多数。考察她们信教的原因,主要表现为宽松的政治环境、农村基层组织宣教工作不力、妇女科技文化素质偏低、农村精神文化生活贫乏、宗教文化诱导乡村文化环境失范等。农村女性信教对社会造成了诸如削弱基层民主政权、危及社会治安、妨碍脱贫致富、制约精神文明建设、异化亲情友情等危害。因此,应采取提高认识,落实齐抓共管机制;强化载体,提升妇女思想道德境界;加大力度,提升妇女科学文化知识;加强建设,丰富农村文化活动,优

  1. The Legal Support and Moral Regulation of Network Privacy%网络隐私权的法律保护与道德规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓惠; 高凛

    2011-01-01

    随着社会进步与全球信息产业的高速发展,人们的生产生活方式在悄然改变。网络在给人们带来便利的同时,也不断带来一些隐私侵权问题。对网络隐私权的保护国外主要有行业自律和立法规制两大模式,我国对网络隐私权的研究还正处于起步阶段,社会中道德失范现象严重,对网络环境下各种隐私权侵权纠纷的解决往往得不到强有力的法律支持和道德规制,在一定程度上影响了社会的有序发展。我们应借鉴国外主要的网络隐私保护模式,依据网络侵权的主要情形及我国的现状,进一步完善网络隐私权的立法体系,并辅之以行业自律与道德规制,全面提高政府和公民的网络隐私保护意识,更好地保护公民的网络隐私权。%With rapid development of social progress and global information industry, people's production and life style is quietly changing. The network constantly brings about the Internet privacy tort while it gives people convenience. Network privacy is extension of privacy under network environment. At present there are mainly two patterns about network privacy protection abroad: one is busi- ness's self-discipline represented by America; the other is legislation regulation represented by the European Union. The study of network privacy in China is still in the initial stage. The phenomenon of social moral anomie is serious. Under the network environment, the solution of privacy tort disputes cant get powerful legal support and it has affected the social order to a certain extent. Lessons can be drawn from foreign major network privacy protection modes and further perfect network privacy legislation system based on the main network tort case and the current situation of our country. We should increase the technicality of network privacy relevant laws and regu- lations together with the business's self - discipline and moral regulation to improve the

  2. Brain Volume and Paper Size%大脑容量与论文篇幅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李睿

    2014-01-01

    古人类学证明:在从古猿到人的转变中,大脑容量不断增长;期刊比较证明:在学术发展过程中,论文篇幅不断增长。尽管如此,如“大脑越大越聪明”之虚妄,“论文越长越好”同样无法成立。目前,受核心期刊、学位论文、基金课题对篇幅要求之影响,存在论文写作者凑字数导致论文篇幅异常增大的现象。大脑容量异常增大意味着大脑疾病,论文篇幅异常增大意味着论文失范。体系导向写法、阐释自明概念、无谓历史分期、欧式句法、“车轱辘话”、大段引用、堆积案例、空谈意义、沉溺描述、对策癖好等都会导致论文篇幅异常增大,其根本原因在于论证无力。论文之为论文,核心即在论证,故应关注论证质量,而非刻意增大篇幅,以求要言不烦,名论不刊。%Paleoanthropologists have proven that brain volume kept growing while the transition from ape to man ;the comparative studies of academic journal suggests papers nowadays occupy much more pages than before .However ,“the longer ,the better” for the paper is as w rong as“the bigger the brain ,the cleverer the man” .Currently ,some authors enlarge their paper deliberately to meet the demands of size to publish in major academic journals ,to get degrees or to finish projects with funds .An abnormally large brain suggests brain disease while an abnormally large paper means academic anomie .The abnormality can be caused by many rea‐sons ,such as system -oriented writing style ,interpretation of self -evident concepts ,unnecessary time dividing ,English style Chi‐nese ,excess wordage ,long passages of quotations ,piling up cases ,empty talk of significance ,indulging in description ,addiction to policy suggestion .They all rooted in impotence of argument ,while argument is the key to any academic paper .So ,we shall focus on argument rather than enlarging paper on purpose to make our

  3. Cultura de la ilegalidad en Medellín y su asociación con diversas formas de violencia/ Culture of illegality in Medellin and its association with various forms of violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Duque

    2013-05-01

    iniquity perception. After living in a violent neighborhood, anomie is the principal risk factor to most of violence studied forms. Having a vigilant mother is a negatively associated factor to most of studied violent aggressive forms (associated to 80-90% armed assaults and 50% to unarmed robberies. Conclusion: There is a very high illegality culture in Medellin and metropolitan area, which seems to be product of iniquity perception, and appears to be associated to most of aggressions studied, and is lower only to association with living in a violent neighborhood

  4. Study on the Audit Strategy of Transfer Payment Optimizing---Governance and Expenditure Responsibilities to Adapt the Reform%转移支付优化审计策略研究--以事权和支出责任相适应改革为背景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 谭民俊

    2014-01-01

    Asymmetry of central and local financial authority and powers of the local government transfer payment system becomes the basic means of matching with the financial power, which aims to make up for the longitudinal intergovernmental fiscal imbalance and horizontal fiscal imbalances. But China's fiscal transfer payment by the system induced change, design defects, responsibility and expenditure of separation and other reasons, there are problems of inefficiency, operating efficiency, unreasonable structure, low leakage of normative level, procedure regulation of anomie and etc. Through comprehensive deepening the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, national audit institutions can play "function and immune system"governance role of transfer payments, increase audit from the audit content, audit oriented level, capital flows, put efficiency-orientation, performance-orientation and accountability-orientation through the transfer payment audit process, pay attention to safety, transfer payment efficiency, economic capital, with the power transfer, all levels of government financial resources to match the power of government expenditure responsibility, optimizing the transfer payment and the improvement of governance.%中央与地方财权与事权的不对称使转移支付制度成为实现地方政府财力与事权匹配的基本手段,以弥补政府间纵向财政失衡和横向财政失衡。但目前我国财政转移支付因体制的诱致性变迁、设计理念缺陷、事权与支出责任分离等原因,存在效能不彰、运行效率漏损、结构不合理、规范性水平低、程序规制失范等问题。在全面深化财税体制改革下,国家审计机关可以发挥"免疫系统"功能和国家治理作用,对转移支付从审计内容、审计导向、资金流向等方面提升审计层次,把问效、问绩、问责贯穿转移支付审计过程始终,关注转移支付资金的安全性、效率性、经济性,实现

  5. Exploring Government Responsibility for Farmers' Political Participation in View of Harmonious Society:Based on the Administrative Perspective%和谐社会视域下农民政治参与中的政府责任探析——基于行政管理的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓬

    2012-01-01

    second is local govern-ments' failure in administration and policy implementation. The last one is local governments' public authority over-expansion of and administrative anomie. For the government responsibility to be assumed effectively, we should change ideas to support, accept and guide farmers' political participation. We should establish and improve balancing mechanism of rights, protection systems and legal as-sistance mechanisms for the farmers' political participation.

  6. Problems and Strategies of Teachers' Exit Mechanism%中小学教师退出机制的问题审视与对策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王天平; 高艳霞

    2016-01-01

    Teachers' exit mechanism is a set of system design that can optimize the structure of teach‐ers ,promote teachers' professional skill and development .It plays an important role in the quality of teachers and education .In China ,the primary and secondary school teachers' exit mechanism is still in the preliminary stage ,w hose essential feature is that operation mechanism discriminating incompetent teachers ,dynamic mechanism driving by policy , and restriction mechanism implementing teacher management according to law .But there are some problems such as anomie of operating mechanism , lack of dynamic mechanism ,hiatus of restriction mechanism in relevant policy‐making and practical exploration .The incorporation are that exit criteria is undefined ,exit program is non‐standard ,the way of exit is inappropriate ,exit mechanism is imperfect ,and exit is not ensured .So it's necessary to optimize the evaluation system ,standardize the exit program ,amplify the re‐employment training system ,create an atmosphere of teachers' exit ,improve social security system ,perfect supervisory mechanism ,and intensify social restriction mechanism ,by means of “survival of the fittest”and“cure the sickness to save the patient” to optimize the primary and secondary teachers team .%完善教师退出机制可以优化教师队伍结构、提升教师业务水平、促进教师专业发展,有利于提升教师队伍的素质。我国中小学教师退出机制处于初步探索阶段,表现出运行机制着眼甄别不胜任教师、动力机制主要源于政策驱动、约束机制重在依法实施教师管理等基本特征,同时在相应的政策制定和实践探索方面存在运行机制失范、动力机制缺乏、约束机制缺失等问题,具体表现为退出标准不明确、退出程序不规范、退出方式简单化、退出制度不健全、退出保障不到位。因此,应优化教师考评机制,规范教师退出程序,健

  7. 以唯物史观为指导从多元信仰教育中探寻解决社会诚信缺失问题的新路径%From the multi-faith education to explore new path to solve the lack of social integrity guided by Historical Materialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩学军

    2012-01-01

    fundamental solution to passive corruption within the party and society and the problems of lack of credibility and moral anomie,and to rebuild the beautiful spiritual home of the Chinese nation.

  8. The Impact of Religiosity and Mass Media on Students' Sense of Social Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Hashemianfar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionSecurity is one of the man’s fundamental needs and is considered as the first condition for sustainable development in a civilized society. One of the institutions which has an important role on the sense of social security is religion. Religion, religiosity and believe in God guide people to obey rules and prevent them from moral abnormality and anomy. Also, in today’s world, media exercises an extraordinary power on human’s life. Media has a paradoxical impact on society. It can change the truth or show the right, wrong and vice versa. Buzan introduces social security as a set of qualities upon which people consider themselves as members of a special group. In fact, social security is oriented towards dimensions of one's life and one's identity. Of course, feeling of security is related to one's state of mind rather than real life. Materials and MethodsResearch show that religiosity and the rate of using media are the effective cultural factors that influence feeling of security. On this base, this study aims at investigating the impacts of religiosity and mass media on sense of social security. In fact, in this research sense of social security is the dependent variable. The method of research is survey. All Mazandaran’s students are research population, of whom a sample of 400 individuals were randomly selected. 57.6 percent of respondents were female and 42.4 percent were male. Also, the age mean is 22.63. The research data was gathered through questionnaires. Content validity of questionnaire was achieved. For reliability test, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated. The analysis of data is carried out at descriptive and inferential statistics levels. It should be mentioned that the variables such as level of sense of social security, religiosity and using mass media are examined through Likert scale. Total scores in each scale is calculated and considered as interval variables. Discussion of results and

  9. Técnicas extractivas y preparativas en Paleontología: Aspectos ambientales y de seguridad laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel L. Melendi

    2009-06-01

    y daño que afectan la salud así como de factores de riesgo y de probables conductas disfuncionales que los propician. Este trabajo, además de un breve análisis de los aspectos técnicos del trabajo paleontológico, presenta información de contexto, introduce en la problemática de los riesgos, expone los marcos normativos y desarrolla una interpretación de las posibles causas que explicarían el incumplimiento de lo establecido en materia de seguridad laboral. Propone también posibles estrategias destinadas a mitigar, corregir y revertir este problema.Extractive and preparation techniques in Paleontology. Environmental aspects and labor safety. The objective of this paper is to analyze the working conditions in which the paleontologic work is developed, especially in Paleopalynology and Paleovertebrat ology. This analysis is also valid for other academic and scientific activities. During fieldwork and in the paleontologic research a wide range of processes are applied, which proceed from the fields of physics and chemistry. They are characterized by different degrees of complexity and present different types of risks for the people who apply them, for other people, for physical objects and for the environment. For the applications of all these technical activities, some aspects must be taken into account that are not perceived as scientific matter and consequently do not receive attention: the safety of working conditions. This situation determines a state of precarious conditions of the labor environment and certain degree of stress, which potentiates the generation of accidents and damages and is hurting the legislation and the codes of professional ethics. The violation and absence of application of these rules are occurring frequently. The origin of this behavior may be due to the lack of knowledge and interest, and a certain degree of collective anomie that characterizes our society. In our labor environment -even without existing statistics- the cases

  10. Diseases of Poverty and Lifestyle, Well-Being and Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2008-01-01

    philosophical outlook based on a robust mix of the temporal and the spiritual, with vibrant indigenous biomedical and related disciplines, for example, Ayurveda, Yoga, etc. It also has a burgeoning corpus of modern biomedical knowledge in active conversation with the rest of the world. It should be especially careful that, while it does not negate the fruits of economic development and scientific/biomedical advance that seem to beckon it in this century, it does not also forget the values that have added meaning and purpose to life; values that the ancients bequeathed it, drawn from their experiential knowledge down the centuries.The means that the developed have could combine with the recipes to make them meaningful that the developing have. That is the challenge ahead for mankind as it gropes its way out of poverty, disease, despair, alienation, anomie, and the ubiquitous all-devouring lifestyle stresses, and takes halting steps towards well-being and the glory of human development.