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Sample records for ankeltraume hos patient

  1. Fod- og ankeltraume hos patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falborg, Bettina; Ebskov, Lars

    2009-01-01

    If confronted with a neuropathic patient with an acute foot-ankle trauma, including fracture, this patient is by definition Eichenholtz stage 0. This is of major importance for the treatment. Whereas the surgical handling of fractures does not differ from ordinary fracture treatment, the subsequent...... treatment of sprains and fractures with immobilisation and a non-weight bearing period is significantly prolonged, frequently doubled, in diabetic patients. Follow-up includes frequent ambulatory controls including X-rays. If the neuroarthropathy progresses, the period of treatment is adjusted accordingly...

  2. Lejringsskader hos rygopererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sestoft, Bodil; Larsen, Birgit; Erlandsen, Mogens;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to answer the questions: Which kind of positioning injuries occurred in anaesthetized orthopaedic patients undergoing spine surgery who were prone-positioned for more than two hours? What was the incidence of positioning injuries? Which patients were at par...

  3. Delirium hos kritisk syge patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Pande-Rolfsen, Guri; Hagen, Christine;

    2009-01-01

    Interest in and the quantity of publications on delirium in critically ill patients have grown increasingly over the last decade. Critically ill patients have traditionally been sedated to facilitate mechanical ventilation. This practice impeded the recognition of delirium in the critically ill...... patients, and consequently the disorder was underdiagnosed. Delirium in the critically ill patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Less sedation, guided by protocols with daily wake up trials, and validated delirium scoring systems, have improved the opportunities to diagnose...... and monitor delirium in the critically ill patients. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct-19...

  4. Muskelstyrken hos patienter med fibromyalgi. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dombernowsky, Tilde; Dreyer, Lene; Bartels, Else Marie

    2008-01-01

    Do patients with fibromyalgia (FM) have reduced muscular strength? We examined 22 articles and conclude from the results of these that FM patients have reduced muscular strength in their hands and quadriceps. The material also suggests generalised reduced muscular strength. However, the studies h...

  5. Seksuel funktion hos patienter med dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Jensen, Knud

    1997-01-01

    Sexual dysfunction is known to occur in multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the study is to describe the change in sexual function and symptoms in a five year follow-up study. Forty-nine patients (27 females, 22 males) with definite MS were interviewed and examined. The number of patients...

  6. Selvstyring af peroral antikoagulationsbehandling hos patienter med kunstige hjerteklapper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasenkam, J. Michael; Kimose, H H; Grønnesby, H;

    1998-01-01

    Twenty-one heart valve operated patients (age 19-70 years) were trained in self-managed oral anticoagulant therapy using a home coagulometer (CoaguChek). Twenty patients accomplished between eight and 29 (median 24) months of self management and were fully capable of self management after 30 weeks....... All self-managing patients had their median INR-value within the therapeutic range, versus only 14 in the control group. Self-management of oral anticoagulant therapy seems feasible for selected patients. Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Nov-16...... of training. No patients experienced major bleeds or thrombo-embolic events. A control group of 20 patients from our department was matched, retrospectively, to the study group. The self-managing patients were within the therapeutic INR range 78% of the study period compared to 54% for the control patients...

  7. Pause med trombocytaggregationshaemmere hos kirurgiske patienter med kardiel stent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy

    2010-01-01

    Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is increasingly used for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Anesthesiologists and surgeons are faced with the challenge of managing these patients prior to a surgical procedure. ....... Premature discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy constitutes a substantial risk of stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction and death. Continuing therapy increases the risk of bleeding. We provide the latest evidence on this topic for patients awaiting non-cardiac surgery....

  8. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette;

    2009-01-01

    Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BON) is mainly observed in patients with multiple myeloma, and to a lesser extent in breast and prostate cancer patients receiving intravenous treatment with potent bisphosphonates. The incidence of BON increases with the duration of bisphosphon......Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BON) is mainly observed in patients with multiple myeloma, and to a lesser extent in breast and prostate cancer patients receiving intravenous treatment with potent bisphosphonates. The incidence of BON increases with the duration...

  9. Progressiv multifokal leukoencefalopati hos en patient med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Cecilie Balslev; Engsig, Frederik Neess; Eskildsen, Helle Wulf;

    2014-01-01

    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare demyelinating disease in the central nervous system. It is caused by reactivation of John Cunningham-virus and has a grave prognosis. PML occurs most frequently in HIV-patients, but can also be seen in patients with iatrogenic immunodefic...

  10. Neurogen dysfagi ses hyppigt hos patienter på intensivafdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anette Barbre; Kjærsgaard, Annette; Larsen, Jens Rolighed

    2015-01-01

    Neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia (NOD) is a frequent condition in neurological patients admitted to the ICU, particularly in patients with brainstem lesions. The CNS damage itself can predispose to dysphagia, but also the treatment and preventive measures may predispose to and exacerbate...... rehabilitation is important....

  11. Karkirurgisk behandling hos patienter med påvirket nyrefunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hensler, M K; Forrest, M; Lorentzen, Jørgen Ewald

    1994-01-01

    and blood pressure status was evaluated preoperatively and at follow-up. The perioperative mortality was 5% (n = 2) and morbidity 21% (n = 9). At discharge from hospital renal function was maintained in 38 patients (90%), including three patients who at the time of operation were without diuresis and had...

  12. Legionella pneumoni hos patienter, der er i behandling med infliximab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinter, Hanne; Nielsen, Henrik Ib

    2009-01-01

    Therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors is widely used in various inflammatory disorders, but adverse events from severe infections with intracellular pathogens may occur. We describe two cases of severe pulmonary legionellosis in patients treated with infliximab for Crohn's disease a...... and psoriasis, respectively. We conclude that legionella infections are probably more frequent in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors than in the background population. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-19...

  13. Ultralydsskanning af lungerne hos den kritisk syge patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Søren Vad; Christiansen, Aage; Sloth, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Lung sonography is an old technique applied in a new fashion. Applying lung sonography in the examination of an acute patient with pulmonary problems is a novelty in Denmark. Applications, limitations, techniques, equipment and general principles for lung sonography are reviewed. We introduce...... the "typical signs" such as lung sliding and artefacts. The rationale for lung ultrasonography in the treatment of acute patients seems obvious when comparing this technique with conventional diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of pulmonary status. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-31...

  14. Abdominal fedme og fedmerelaterede sygdomme hos patienter i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugan, Ketil; Rost, Dan; Knudsen, Nils;

    2010-01-01

    Abdominal obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia and hypertension. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and its relationship with these comorbidities have not previously been examined in Danish primary care patients.......Abdominal obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia and hypertension. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and its relationship with these comorbidities have not previously been examined in Danish primary care patients....

  15. Risikofaktorer for selvmord hos patienter med dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E N; Koch-Henriksen, N J; Stenager, E

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to describe risk factors for suicide in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study is based on available information about MS-patients identified in the Danish MS Registry with onset of disease in the period 1950-1985. In order to characterize MS suicides...... with respect to risk factors comparisons were made for male and female suicides, and for various groups of MS suicides according to disability status. The male suicides were characterized by a tendency to commit suicide in the age interval 40-49 years, the use of a violent method, previous suicidal behaviour...

  16. Praeoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben;

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...

  17. Udvikling af sklerodermisk krise hos patient med uerkendt sklerodermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kristine Lindhard; Hansen, Alastair; Halberg, Poul;

    2014-01-01

    Less than 10% of the patients with systemic scleroderma develop renal crisis, i.e. acute renal failure and severe hypertension in most cases. Kidney biopsy shows hypertensive arteriolar changes. This complication was lethal until treatment with captopril was introduced in 1976. Since that time...

  18. Dyb venetrombose i penis hos patient med malign sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghasemi, Habib; Ajan, Rullah

    2014-01-01

    Thrombosis of the deep penile venous system in a patient with a malignant disease Thrombosis of the deep penile venous system is extremely rare and must be clearly distinguished from superficial thrombosis because it may cause serious clinical complications. We present a 76-year-old man with thro...... with thrombosis of the vena dorsalis penis profunda three months after being diagnosed with disse­m­­inated non-small cell lung cancer. Total remission of the thrombosis was achieved with daily subcutaneous injections with heparin for four weeks....

  19. Strubelammelse hos hund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miles, James; Eriksen, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    og hoste. Strubelammelse er enten medfødt eller erhvervet. Den medfødte form udgør 20-30 procent af patienter, hvor symptomerne debuterer hos unge dyr med kraftig ophobning i racer som Bouvier de Flandre, Siberian husky, Dalmatiner og Bull terrier. Den erhvervede lammelse er den hyppigste form og ses...

  20. Forebyggelse af dyb venetrombose (DVT) i underekstremiteter hos voksne hospitalsindlagte patienter gennem mobilisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonna Gintberg

    2011-01-01

    Titel: Forebyggelse af dyb ventrombose (DVT) i underekstremiteterne hos voksne hospitalsindlagte patienter gennem mobilisering. Konklusion eller hovedbudskabet: Der foreligger ikke evidens for hvor meget, hvor længe og hvordan indlagte patienter skal mobiliseres for at forebygge dyb venetrombose(DVT......) Sideløbende med kursus i udvikling af kliniske retningslinjer har kursus deltagere og baggrundsgruppe - haft det mål, at undersøge hvilken evidens der foreligger i forhold til mobilisering af indlagte voksne patienter. Vores udgangspunkt tog afsæt i daglig klinisk praksis og en viden om, at DVT rammer en stor...... del af de indlagte patienter. Venøs trombose (VT) er den tredje største kardiovaskulære sygdom efter akut myokardieinfarkt og apopleksi (1). I et større norsk studie fandt man en incidensrate af VT på 1.43 per 1.000 personår, hvoraf dyb venetrombose (DVT) udgjorde 0.93 per 1.000 personår af de...

  1. Deltagerorienteret undervisning hos Naviair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allermand, Geert; Rosenkvist, Gert; Leve, Ulrik;

    2011-01-01

    En artikel om et udviklingsprojekt hos flysikringstjenesten Naviair i forbindelse med deres implementering af et simulatorpædagogisk koncept.......En artikel om et udviklingsprojekt hos flysikringstjenesten Naviair i forbindelse med deres implementering af et simulatorpædagogisk koncept....

  2. Præsentation af symptomer i almen praksis hos patienter med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tine Nørgaard; Hansen, Rikke Pilegaard; Vedsted, Peter

    2010-01-01

    was 3,208 corresponding to 1.7 reported symptoms per patient. The majority (57.6%) of patients presented only one symptom. Symptoms varied with the type of cancer. Patients with breast cancer and malignant melanoma mainly presented with diagnosis-specific symptoms. Patients with colorectal, lung......INTRODUCTION: For the majority of cancer patients, the diagnostic investigations begin in general practice. The aim of the study was to investigate for which symptoms cancer patients consulted their general practitioner (GP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All newly diagnosed cancer patients and their GPs...... in the County of Aarhus, Denmark, participated in a 1-year questionnaire survey. The GPs answered questions about the patients' first presentation of cancer symptoms and the GPs' interpretation of these symptoms. RESULTS: A total of 2,212 (83%) questionnaires were answered. The total number of reported symptoms...

  3. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Brask-Lindemann, Dorte; Vestbo, Jørgen;

    2012-01-01

    Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have a high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.......Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have a high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease....

  4. Claudicatio intermittens--sociale aspekter hos yngre ikke-opererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundvall, L; Jensen, K H; Simonsen, L

    1989-01-01

    A total of 107 patients suffering from intermittent claudication (CI) was studied after a mean observation time of 5.9 years. Thirty-one (29%) had died during the observation period. A questionnaire was sent to 76 patients and 78% replied. All patients were under 50 years of age at the first cons...

  5. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle;

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis are ...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments.......A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...

  6. Selvmord hos patienter med apopleksi. En epidemiologisk undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E N; Madsen, C; Stenager, E;

    1999-01-01

    patients was increased compared to the background population, i.e. the total population of the County of Funen. The patients were followed for causes of death until end of 1989. Standard Mortality Ratios for suicide standardized for age and sex in male and female stroke patients were calculated. A total......The purpose of this study was, on the basis of a cohort of patients with a discharge diagnosis of stroke (ICD8 code: 430-438) diagnosed in the period 1.4.1973-31.12.1989 in a representatively selected area of Denmark (County of Funen), to estimate whether or not the risk of suicide in stroke...... of 37,869 stroke patients were included in the study, 140 committed suicide in the study period (80 females and 60 males). Standard Mortality Ratio for suicide was significantly increased for all stroke patients. For women below 49 years and from 50-59 years Standard Mortality Ratios were 1376 and 1378...

  7. Diagnostisk strategi hos patienter, der er henvist til skadestuen pa mistanke om dyb venos trombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, M.Y.; Kristensen, M.; Brogaard, M.H.;

    2008-01-01

    patients with normal D-dimer had high DVT-scores, none had DVT, so that the benefit from determining DVT-scores was modest. Ultrasound scanning revealed DVT in 85 out of 397 patients with elevated D-dimer. A repeat examination was performed in 91 patients with persisting symptoms, and disclosed DVT in two......INTRODUCTION: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year...... fossa. If no DVT was revealed, the patient was contacted by telephone 7-10 days later, and was offered a repeat examination if symptoms persisted. RESULTS: Three patients with chronic DVT were excluded. Normal D-dimer and low or moderate DVT-score was found in 103 patients, none had DVT. Only five...

  8. Effekten af cellebehandling hos patienter med kronisk iskæmisk hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Anders Bruun; Qayyum, Abbas Ali; Kastrup, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The present Cochrane review included 23 studies randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials with a total of 1,255 patients. The effect of autologous cell therapy versus placebo was examined on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), adverse effects and mortality in patients with chronic isch...

  9. Behandling af højt blodtryk hos patienter med akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, T S; Jørgensen, H S; Garde, E;

    1995-01-01

    The study was performed to investigate how often reduction of high blood pressure (> or = 220 mmHg systolic and or > or = 120 mmHg diastolic) was attempted in patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Of 1351 consecutive patients with acute stroke or TIA 119 had high blood...

  10. Kombination af aliskiren og losartan hos patienter med type 2-diabetes og nefropati - Sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parving, Hans-Henrik; Persson, Frederik; Lewis, Julia B

    2009-01-01

    We evaluated the renoprotective effects of adding aliskiren to treatment with losartan in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. A total of 599 patients were randomized to six months of treatment with placebo or aliskiren in addition to losartan 100 mg and optimal...

  11. Effekt af trombolytisk behandling på udfaldet af tidlig arbejdstest hos patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Madsen, J K; Saunamäki, K I;

    1994-01-01

    Exercise test variables, such as an impaired heart rate response, are known to be related to left ventricular function and patient prognosis following acute myocardial infarction. The present study was performed to compare exercise test variables in acute myocardial infarct patients following eit...

  12. Anaemi - praevalens og ætiologi hos patienter indlagt på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Andreas James Thestrup; Skjelbo, Erik

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia among acutely admitted geriatric patients, and among these patients to ascertain how often anemia is listed as a diagnosis, the distribution of these diagnoses and to compare the diagnostic approach to anemia...... with that suggested in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age, sex and hemoglobin concentrations (hgb) were registered for patients referred to the acute geriatric ward of Odense University Hospital between 6/1/04 and 8/31/04. The prevalence of anemia was determined on the basis of the local laboratory's sex...... interval 51-71%) than among women (27%, 95% confidence interval 21-34%). 30 of the anemic patients (27%) had anemia listed as a diagnosis, including 14 with the diagnosis anemia without specification. A minority of anemic patients had measurements of serum ferritin (37%), serum iron (10%), plasma cobalamin...

  13. Karotinaemi hos patient med excessivt betakarotinfødeindtag og dysreguleret diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Carsten Sauer; Mikkelsen, Dorthe Bisgaard; Lindegaard, Hanne Merete

    2009-01-01

    A case of carotinaemia in a patient with excessive beta-carotene food-intake, diabetes mellitus and physiological amenorrhea is reported. The patient developed yellow discolouration in the palms and the soles of her feet. Blood samples showed a significantly increased lever of serum beta......-carotene, but normal vitamine A value and liver enzymes. The patient reported an excessive intake of carrots (approximately 1 kg per day). The status of physiological amenorrhoea and dysregulated diabetes mellitus may have deteriorated the yellow discolouration of the skin. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-26...

  14. Et Patientperspektivistisk Studie i Brug af Alternativ Behandling hos Danske Patienter med Diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerbild, Helle Nygaard

    2008-01-01

    theory. The data originate from an explorative study based on semi-structured individual in-depth interviews with ten diabetic using CAM. The selection of patients for the interviews was based on several strategies. Results: In order to understand the patients’ experiences and positions of CAM......Background and objectives: There have not earlier been studies focusing on experiences of Danish diabetic patients using Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) – considered from the patients’ point of view. The existing studies mostly based on quantitative methods of patients with diabetes...... prevalence in use of CAM, which is generally rather low, especially the CAM used specifically for diabetes. The objective of this paper is to develop concepts to understand patients having experiences and positions of diabetes in their use of CAM. Methods: This qualitative study its inspiration from grounded...

  15. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov......INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...

  16. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...... size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  17. Tarm- og blæreproblemer samt seksuel dysfunktion hos patienter med multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giraldi, Laura Victoria Falck; Sønksen, Jens; Fode, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    Patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience bothersome symptoms from the gastrointestinal system and the urinary tract, and they may suffer from sexual dysfunction. These problems can diminish quality of life, and therefore it is important that they are addressed and treated...... whenever possible. Unfortunately, a limited body of research in the area suggests that this is not always the case, possibly because neither patients nor medical professionals bring up the issues during consultations. More studies are needed to further elucidate the situation....

  18. Behandling af svær anæmi hos patienter, der afviser blodtransfusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Kjær, Bjarne; Olsen, Karsten Skovgaard

    2014-01-01

    In situations involving serious bleeding and anaemia, a refusal of blood transfusion puts the clinician in an ethical and medical dilemma, as standard treatment is not an option, and the patient risks dying of a potentially reversible cause. This status article describes methods of treatment unde...... the concept of "bloodless medicine", where surgical and supportive techniques are used to manage and treat severe anaemia.......In situations involving serious bleeding and anaemia, a refusal of blood transfusion puts the clinician in an ethical and medical dilemma, as standard treatment is not an option, and the patient risks dying of a potentially reversible cause. This status article describes methods of treatment under...

  19. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences...... between the different types of BP no major differences were observed between BP in preventing SRE or in adverse events. Treatment with DS has in three randomised trials showed a greater effect than BP in preventing SRE. The optimal choice of bone-anti-resorptive agent should depend on the patient...

  20. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences...... between the different types of BP no major differences were observed between BP in preventing SRE or in adverse events. Treatment with DS has in three randomised trials showed a greater effect than BP in preventing SRE. The optimal choice of bone-anti-resorptive agent should depend on the patient...

  1. Øget forekomst af depression hos patienter med hepatitis C-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjerrild, Simon; Renvillard, Signe Groth; Leutscher, Peter Derek Christian;

    2010-01-01

    The prevalence of depression is increased in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Several aetiological mechanisms are thought to be involved, e.g. premorbid psychiatric disease, genetic disposition to affective disorders, socio-economic factors, stigmatization and possibly HCV...... neuroinfection. Evidence to support that former intravenous drug abuse increases the risk of depression is lacking. It is particularly important to diagnose and treat depression in HCV patients as it constitutes a relative contraindication to antiviral treatment and may jeopardize therapeutic outcome....

  2. Cerebralt aspergillom hos patient med immundefekt og follikulært lymfom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Talibi, Monica Nicole; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of central nervous system aspergillosis in an immunocompromised 69-year-old male with a history of chemotherapeutic treatment for follicular lymphoma. The patient presented with aphasia, apraxia and confusion. An MRI of the central nervous system and Aspergillus antigen in the s......We present a case of central nervous system aspergillosis in an immunocompromised 69-year-old male with a history of chemotherapeutic treatment for follicular lymphoma. The patient presented with aphasia, apraxia and confusion. An MRI of the central nervous system and Aspergillus antigen...

  3. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med prostatacancer uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt; Eiken, Frederik L;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss in patients with prostate cancer due to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist, GnRH-antagonist and orchidectomi therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of non...

  4. Femoro-acetabulaer impingement: årsag til lyskesmerter og tidlig hofteslidgigt hos yngre patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Winge, Søren

    2007-01-01

    important, often subtle, malformations of the hip joint which are thought to play an important role pathogenetically for the development of hip osteoarthritis and hip pain especially in younger, active patients. The common denominator for these malformations is that they cause femoro-acetabular impingement...

  5. Immunmodulerende effekt af LongoVital hos patienter med recidiverende aftøs stomatit. 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Klausen, B; Hougen, H P

    1991-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. reg. no. 5178/75) is a herbal-based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. Peripheral lymphocyte subsets: T-helper/CD4 (OKT4+) and T-suppressor/cytotoxic/CD8 (OKT8+) were studied quantitatively in 31 otherwise healthy patients with minor recurrent aphthous...

  6. Padma-28, et urtepraeparat, øger gangdistancen hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Mehlsen, J; Petersen, J R

    1994-01-01

    Thirty-six patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a doubleblind study either to treatment with two tablets of Padma-28 twice daily (containing 340 mg dried herbal mixture composed according to an ancient lamaistic prescription) or placebo for four months. Effect...

  7. Molekylaere mekanismer bag den immunologiske reaktion mod gluten hos patienter med cøliaki

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Christian; Husby, Steffen; Lillevang, Søren T

    2003-01-01

    Coeliac disease is a complex inflammatory disorder of the small intestine, induced by dietary gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Recently, the nature of gluten-derived peptides recognized by gut-derived T cells from patients has been elucidated. It has further been established that th...

  8. Osteoporoseprofylakse hos patienter indlagt med hoftenaere lavenergifrakturer på ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock-Jacobsen, Iben; Wiboe, Linda; Mogensen, Christian B;

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the following in patients treated for low energy hip fractures: 1) whether they were using osteoporosis preventative therapy before admission to hospital; 2) whether therapy was initiated before discharge from hospital; 3) the therapy used; and 4) whether...... they were referred for follow-up treatment for osteoporosis after discharge....

  9. Cowdens syndrom diagnosticeret hos patienter med store hoveder, falske vorter og struma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Anne-Bine; Bojesen, Anders; Bygum, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Cowden syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome with a predisposition to cancer. We present a case of Cowden syndrome in a mother and her son, who were diagnosed with palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, macrocephaly and goitre. Early diagnosis is a challenge as the patients present with a variety...

  10. Brug af nervestimulator ved anlaeggelse af nervus ischiadicus-blokade hos en crusamputeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiring, Christian; Kristensen, Billy B

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of a sciatic nerve block performed with the nerve stimulation technique. This technique is normally not used in amputees because detection of a motor response to an electrical stimulation is impossible. In our patient the stimulation provoked a phantom sensation of movement...

  11. Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Sabagh, Kifah Hekmat; Christensen, Britta Ege; Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe;

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The presence of a cardiac implantable device is ICD considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing MRI in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need...

  12. Præoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben;

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...

  13. Reduceret cerebralt stofskifte korrelerer med MRI-forandringer og kognitiv dysfunktion hos patienter med dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blinkenberg, M; Rune, K; Jensen, C V;

    2001-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion load is widely used in the clinical evaluation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but little is known about the associated changes in cortical activation. For this purpose, we studied the association between the corticocerebral metabolic rate...

  14. Multiple embolier efter DC-konvertering hos en patient forbehandlet med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Torben Nicolai; Holm, Jakob; Munck, Lars Kristian

    2013-01-01

    A 65-year-old man, who had been treated with dabigatran for 66 days prior to electrical cardioversion, developed extensive intestinal, renal and cerebral thromboembolism five days after cardioversion. There is limited information available on the treatment of thromboembolism in patients being tre...

  15. Fatal neutropen enterokolitis hos en patient i kemoterapi med kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kongsted, Per; Sheikh, Kiran; Mouritsen, Lene Sonne;

    2015-01-01

    and abdominal pain. Treatment is not clearly defined. We present a fatal case of NE in a patient with prostate cancer treated with first-line chemotherapy, docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every three weeks and prednisolone 5 mg × 2 daily. The post-mortem examination confirmed NE with prostate cancer cells in bowel wall....

  16. Zygomycosis (mucormycosis) hos patienter med malign hæmatologisk lidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Eva Magrethe Precht; Clemmensen, Stine; Bjørndal, Kristine;

    2011-01-01

    Zygomycosis is an invasive and increasingly emerging life-threatening infection. Diabetes is the most common risk factor; however, zygomycosis has increased among patients with haematologic malignancy, which is now the second most common risk factor with an incidence of 16%. Rapid diagnosis and t...

  17. Transkateter-aortaklapimplantation hos patienter med svær aortaklapstenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre Thygesen, Julie; Loh, Poay Huan; Franzen, Olaf

    2012-01-01

    and relatively few serious associated complications. TAVI is now an established treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients who have prohibitive or high surgical risk; and the treatment has proven to yield symptomatic and prognostic benefits. Innovations and advances continue in this field....

  18. Psykiatriloven forhindrer ikke alvorlige selvmordsforsøg hos patienter med skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day Poulsen, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    The Danish Mental Health Act does not prevent serious suicide attempts in patients with severe schizophrenia and a lack of compliance to medication. A case in which outpatient involuntary treatment could have prevented a very serious suicidal attempt is presented. In Denmark, outpatient involunta...

  19. Effekten af Ginkgo biloba-ekstrakt hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Petersen, J R; Wïnberg, N

    1996-01-01

    Eighteen patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a double blind cross-over study comparing the effects of the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 at a dose of 120 mg o.d. with placebo. All patients were treated for three months with the active extract and three months with placebo....... The effects of treatment on arterial insufficiency were quantified by measurements of systemic and peripheral systolic blood pressures, and pain-free and maximal walking distances on a tread-mill. Questionnaires based on visual analogue scales were used to quantify the severity of leg pain, impairment...... of concentration, and inability to remember. Short-term memory was objectively assessed. We did not find any significant changes in either peripheral blood pressures, walking distances or the severity of leg pain. Systemic blood pressure was reduced both by placebo and GB-8. The impairment of concentration...

  20. D-vitamin, hjerte-kar-sygdom og død hos nyresyge patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ditte; Brandi, Lisbet; Rasmussen, Knud

    2009-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. In epidemiological studies, vitamin D deficiency and absence of treatment with vitamin D is associated with increased cardiovascular...... mortality. Several possible mechanisms may explain how vitamin D can influence the development of cardiovascular disease. Clinical intervention studies are needed to clarify whether treatment with vitamin D decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Dec-7...

  1. God behandlingseffekt af botulinum toxin A hos systemisk sklerodermi patienter med digitale sår

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jane Baumgartner; Hvid, Lone; Olesen, Anne Braae

    2014-01-01

    In this case we describe a successful combined treatment with local anaesthetics and botulinum toxin A. A 61-year-old man with systemic sclerosis of limited type presented treatment refractory digital ulcers on his toes with a poor response to conventional treatment. A combined treatment as above......-mentioned prevented a threatening amputation and improved quality of life, reduction of pain and healing of wounds. Using botulinum toxin A combined with local anaesthetics to severe toe digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis may be a solution, when other treatments have been ineffective and amputation...

  2. Antithyroideaantistof hos to patienter med subakut dementiel udvikling, ataksi og myoklonus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Hansen, Klaus; Gonzalez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus and posit......Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus...... and positive antithyroid antibodies were given oral steroids. Whereas one progressively declined and had histopathologically proven CJD, the other made a complete recovery and was diagnosed with HE. Anti-thyroid antibodies can occur in CJD, but when present in a patient with subacute dementia, ataxia...

  3. Phaedra hos Seneca og Racine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, David Kristian

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel omhandler Phaedra-skikkelsen, som den fremstilles hos hhv. Seneca og Racine i deres respektive tragedier. Begge tragedier, men især Racines, diskuteres og analyseres indgående. Udgivelsesdato: 1. oktober......Denne artikel omhandler Phaedra-skikkelsen, som den fremstilles hos hhv. Seneca og Racine i deres respektive tragedier. Begge tragedier, men især Racines, diskuteres og analyseres indgående. Udgivelsesdato: 1. oktober...

  4. Radiojodbehandling af recidiverende hypertyreose hos patienter som tidligere er behandlet for diffus toksisk struma med subtotal strumektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, H; Laurberg, P

    1993-01-01

    Radioiodine therapy is often employed for treatment of patients with relapse of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease, after previous thyroid surgery. Little is known about the outcome of this treatment compared to patients with no previous surgery. A total of 20 patients, who had received...... surgical treatment for Graves' hyperthyroidism 1-46 years previously and with relapse of hyperthyroidism, and 25 patients with hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease and no previous thyroid surgery were treated with radioiodine, following the same protocol. Early after treatment the previously operated...... patients showed a higher sensitivity to radioiodine, with more cases of early hypothyroidism than non-operated patients. However, after 50 months of follow-up the outcome was identical. The results indicate that frequent assessment is necessary after radioiodine treatment of patients with previous thyroid...

  5. Diagnostisk strategi hos patienter, der er henvist til skadestuen på mistanke om dyb venøs trombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, Margit Yvonne; Kristensen, Majken; brogaard, marie husted;

    2008-01-01

    patients with normal D-dimer had high DVT-scores, none had DVT, so that the benefit from determining DVT-scores was modest. Ultrasound scanning revealed DVT in 85 out of 397 patients with elevated D-dimer. A repeat examination was performed in 91 patients with persisting symptoms, and disclosed DVT in two......Introduction: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year...... fossa. If no DVT was revealed, the patient was contacted by telephone 7-10 days later, and was offered a repeat examination if symptoms persisted. Results: Three patients with chronic DVT were excluded. Normal D-dimer and low or moderate DVT-score was found in 103 patients, none had DVT. Only five...

  6. Fatal blødning ved operation for hoftenær fraktur hos en patient i behandling med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lasse Enkebølle; Viberg, Bjarke L; Pottegård, Anton

    2015-01-01

    An 82-year-old woman in treatment with the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (a new oral anticoagulant (NOAC)) was admitted with a subtrochanteric femoral fracture and surgery was initiated 15 hours after admittance. She had a blood loss of 6,000 ml and died the next morning from multi......-organ failure. In 2013 1.8% of hip fracture patients in Funen received NOACs. Surgery is recommended within 24 hours for hip fracture patients to reduce mortality, but patients in treatment with NOACs should wait at least 48 hours before major surgery. Care should be taken when prescribing NOACs to patients...

  7. Sikker brug af bedside_UL-vejledt pleuracentese og ascitesdrændge hos patienter med maligne sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damstrup, Camilla Vantore

    2014-01-01

    and investigated the patients' medical files with regard to complications. In 29 pleuracentesises and 43 laparocentesises only one pneumothorax was registered (3.4%). This is comparable to previous studies and may suggest that it is safe to perform these procedures bedside in cancer patients with no complications....

  8. Effekten af cellebehandling hos patienter med kronisk iskæmisk hjertesygdom--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Anders Bruun; Qayyum, Abbas Ali; Kastrup, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The present Cochrane review included 23 studies randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials with a total of 1,255 patients. The effect of autologous cell therapy versus placebo was examined on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), adverse effects and mortality in patients with chronic isch...

  9. UL-vejledt anlæggelse af fødeepidural hos patient med torakolumbal skoliose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piosik, Zofia Maria; Helbo-Hansen, Søren; Sprehn, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Providing epidural analgesia in patients with scoliosis may be challenging. We describe ultrasound-guided insertion of an epidural catheter for labour analgesia and a following caesarean section in a patient with a thoracolumbar scoliosis. A well-functioning epidural catheter was easily inserted...

  10. Lavere mortalitet hos patienter med apopleksi og atrieflimren behandlet med antikoagulans. Resultater fra det Nationale Indikator Projekt (NIP)--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Klaus Kaae; Olsen, Tom Skyhøj

    2007-01-01

    A registry of hospitalized stroke patients in Denmark included 1,909 patients with stroke and atrial fibrillation (AF) without contraindications to anticoagulation (AC) treatment. AC instituted in 60.2% was significantly associated to age and stroke severity. In a Cox Proportional Hazard regressi...

  11. Fatalt forløbende Strongyloides stercoralis-infektion hos patient uden forudgående kendt immunsuppression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, M; Andersen, O; Friis-Møller, A;

    2000-01-01

    A case of fatal infection with Strongyloides stercoralis in a previously healthy young African with no known immunosuppression is reported. The patient suffered severe gastrointestinal bleeding and despite intensive treatment died of multiorgan failure. Postmortem, signs of ulcerating T......-cell lymphoma were found in a jejunal specimen, and the patient was found to be infected with HTLV-1. Gastrointestinal bleeding in relation to infection with Strongyloides stercoralis is discussed as well as possible relations between the severity of infection, lymphoma and HTLV-1....

  12. Cytomegalovirus-associeret hæmofagocytosesyndrom og akut nyresvigt hos en patient med kronisk lymfatisk leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broe, Julie; Lauritzen, Anne Falensteen; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia was admitted to our department with fever and hepatospleno-megaly. Laboratory findings revealed hyperferritinaemia of 40,300 microgram/l and both liver and renal dysfunction. A bone marrow biopsy showed haemophagocytosis consistent...... with haemophagocytic syndrome. The serology was compatible with acute Cytomegalovirus infection. The patient received therapy with ganciclovir, prednisolone and gamma globulin, and the acute renal failure was treated with haemodialysis. The patient responded well to the treatment and was discharged after a month...... with normal lever and renal function....

  13. Oxidativt stress kan være en mulig årsag til metastasering hos patienter med kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Edith Smed; Gögenur, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    Despite surgical treatment of stage II colorectal cancer many patients will experience relapse. Inflammatory and immunologic reactions created due to the surgical stress response result in the production of reactive oxygen species. Oxidative stress in turn, may result in the stimulation of cancer...

  14. Selvmonitorering af blodglukose og sygdomsforståelse hos patienter med insulinbehandlet diabetes. Sammenhaeng med metabolisk regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wengler, K; Matzen, L E; Sindrup, S;

    1989-01-01

    A questionnaire investigation was undertaken to register the extent to which 212 insulin-treated diabetic patients undertook home measurements of blood glucose and the consequences which they drew from these measurements. This was compared with the metabolic regulation estimated by HbA1c. The ave...

  15. Forebyggelse af infektioner hos patienter, der har kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom og er i behandling med TNF-hæmmere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risager Christensen, Katrine; Steenholdt, Casper

    2014-01-01

    suppression of the immune system. National and international guidelines recommend screening and vaccination for selected infectious agents prior to anti-TNF initiation as well as during ongoing anti-TNF therapy. This review focuses on current available recommendations and discusses physicians’ and patients...

  16. Muskelbiopsier hos patienter med fibromyalgi. En undersøgelse baseret på lys- og elektronmikroskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drewes, A M; Andreasen, A; Schrøder, H D;

    1994-01-01

    of muscle disease. Nevertheless, we subjected biopsies from nine of the patients and five other controls for further ultrastructural evaluations and demonstrated pathologic findings e.g. empty sleeves of basement membrane, many lipofuscin bodies and other degenerative changes. We conclude......The value of muscle biopsy in fibromyalgia is still questioned. In this study we obtained 49 quadriceps biopsies from 20 patients and compared them blindly to 15 biopsies from five normal controls. Using light microscopy, histochemical and immunoenzymatic methods we found no definite evidence...... that ultrastructural evaluation cannot yet be used for diagnostic purposes, but the negative findings at light microscopy, including histochemical and immunoenzymatic techniques, might be of importance in evaluating difficult cases....

  17. Monitorering af fysisk aktivitetsniveau (MOAN) hos indlagte patienter på geriatrisk afdeling - forsøgsprotokol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Morten; Jørgensen, Martin Grønbech; Andreasen, Jane;

    (4):451-8. (2) Potter R, Ellard D, Rees K, Thorogood M. A systematic review of the effects of physical activity on physical functioning, quality of life and depression in older people with dementia. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2011 Oct;26(10):1000-11. (3) Årsrapport 2010 - DEN LANDSDÆKKENDE KVALITETSDATABASE...... and Go (TUG), rejse-sætte sig testen og Barthel score registreres for alle patienter ved indlæggelse og udskrivelse. Øvrige oplysninger vedrørende alder, køn, vægt, højde, demens, depression, årsag til indlæggelse, boligform, og pårørende indhentes fra journalen. Primær outcome for undersøgelsen er den...... som et kvalitetssikrringsprojekt. Reference List (1) Covinsky KE, Palmer RM, Fortinsky RH, Counsell SR, Stewart AL, Kresevic D, et al. Loss of independence in activities of daily living in older adults hospitalized with medical illnesses: increased vulnerability with age. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003 Apr;51...

  18. Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Karen

    1994-01-01

    Efteruddannelsesartikel for praktiserende læger om undersøgelse og behandling af blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Udgivelsesdato: 1994......Efteruddannelsesartikel for praktiserende læger om undersøgelse og behandling af blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Udgivelsesdato: 1994...

  19. Bilateral akillesseneruptur hos nyretransplanterede

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, D; Feldt-Rasmussen, B F; Nimb, L

    1996-01-01

    Increased incidence of tendinitis and tendon ruptures is reported in recipients of a kidney transplant. Two cases of bilateral achilles tendon rupture after minimal trauma are described. Tendon ruptures are more frequent in individuals with kidney disease in dialysis or after transplantation...... compared with patients receiving other organ transplantations. It is therefore more likely that tendon ruptures are related to metabolic changes associated with kidney disease rather than with transplantation or with glucocorticoid treatment per se. Clinical symptoms of achilles tendinitis should...

  20. Identifiable Data Files - Health Outcomes Survey (HOS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) identifiable data files are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  1. BLIND ADAPTIVE XPIC BASED ON HOS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Haiyang; Yang Longxiang; Peng Jianglong

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a new blind XPIC and a new adaptive blind deconvolutional algorithm based on HOS processing, which separates and equalizes the signals in real time. The simulation results demonstrate that the performance of the proposed adaptive blind algorithm,compared with the conventional algorithms, is outstanding with the feature of feasibility, stability and fast convergence rate.

  2. The diagnosis of thymoma and thymic atrophy in patients with myasthenia gravis; Dignostikk av tymom og thymusatrofi hos pasienter med myasthenia gravis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sund, K.K.; Skeie, G.O.; Gilhus, N.E.; Aarli, J.A.; Varhaug, J.E. [Haukeland Sykehus, Bergen (Norway)

    1997-11-01

    The authors have compared clinical, immunological and radiological data in 20 patients with myasthenia gravis and thymoma and in 21 patients with myasthenia gravis and thymic atrophy. The median age at onset was 54 years in the thymoma group and 63 years in the thymic atrophy group. The severity of the disease was similar in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the concentration of acetylcholine receptor antibodies. CA antibodies were demonstrated in 17/20 thymoma patients and in 6/21 with thymic atrophy, while 19/20 thymoma patients had antibodies to titin, compared with 9/21 among those with thymic atrophy. The diagnosis and treatment of patients with myasthenia gravis is based upon an evaluation of clinical, immunological and radiological data. 28 refs., 2 tabs.

  3. Eosinofil keratitis hos en dansk hest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Emil; Henriksen, Michala de Linde; Andersen, Pia Haubro

    2009-01-01

    Eosinofil keratitis (EK) er en relativt sjælden øjenlidelse hos hest, som især ses i tempererede områder. Klinisk er lidelsen karakteriseret ved én eller multiple corneaulcerationer dækket med hvidt eller gelatinøst proliferativt subepithelialt plaque. Denne casereport, som omhandler en 20-årig p...

  4. Idrætsskader hos motionisten III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fredberg, Ulrich; Honoré, Niels; Charles, Morten

    2015-01-01

    Overbelastningsskader er hyppige – også hos børn. Ofte holdes skaden ved lige på grund af en manglende forståelse for det uhensigtsmæssige i det savtakkede genoptræningsforløb, hvor man genoptager belastningen på maksimalt niveau, så snart smerterne er svundet. Behandlingen består ofte i at forkl...

  5. Måling af stress hos mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens

    2010-01-01

    temadagen præsenteres nye resultater og metoder til at vurdere stress hos mink. I en metode måles koncentrationen af nedbrydningsprodukter af hormonet cortisol i gødning fra mink. Der er en række fordele ved denne metode, frem for blodprøvetagning. Forsøg viste, at hovedparten af cortisol udskilles i fæces...... (83 %) frem for i urin (17 %), samt at omsætningen af radioaktivt mærket cortisol ikke er forskellig mellem mink med hhv. lav og høj forekomst af stereotypi. Denne viden kan bruges til bedre at forstå koblingen f.eks. unormal adfærd og stress hos mink.......Sammendrag Stress indgår som et element ved vurdering af dyrevelfærd. Endvidere kan stress mål anvendes i undersøgelser, hvor forskellige typer af avl, burmiljø og pasning af mink sammenlignes. Men hvad er stress egentlig og hvordan måles det? Er unormal adfærd koblet til stress hos mink? På...

  6. Demodex og andre ektoparasitter hos danske katte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Memborg Jensen, Mia C.; Boysen, Lene; Thamsborg, Stig Milan

    2015-01-01

    Raske katte og katte med hudforandringer blev undersøgt for at belyse forekomst og betydning af Demodex. En tredje gruppe af aflivede vild- og tamkatte blev desuden undersøgt for forekomst af andre ektoparasitter. Forskellige diagnostiske teknikker blev anvendt og evalueret i undersøgelsen. I alt...... indgik 176 katte, som blev undersøgt ved hårpluk, hudskrab, tapetest, flotation affæcesprøve, øreskrab samt kæmning af pelsen. Demodex spp. blev fundet hos tre katte, og hos én af disse blev iagttaget klinisk demodicose. Demodex spp. blev ikke påvist i gruppen af raske katte. Den samlede forekomst af...... ektoparasitter hos de aflivede vild-og tamkatte var 57%. Følgende ektoparasitter blev påvist: Ctenocephalidesfelis felis, Otodectes cynotis, Ixodes spp., Felicola subrostrata,Cheyletiella blakei og Demodex spp.. Alle de anvendte diagnostiske teknikker var effektive til påvisningen af forskellige ektoparasitter...

  7. Juvenil polypose-syndrom og hereditær hæmoragisk telangiektasi hos en patient med SMAD4-mutation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsig, Anne Marie; Tørring, Pernille Mathiesen; Wikman, Friedrik;

    2014-01-01

    Germ line mutations in SMAD4 can cause both juvenile polyposis syndrome and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia syndrome. In this case we present a 37-year-old man with a frameshift mutation in SMAD4. The patient had multiple polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and was diagnosed with colon...

  8. Hyppige samtaler kan måske hjælpe ved svært nedsat adhærens hos belastede patienter med hiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Bergstedt, Winnie

    2013-01-01

    This pilot study investigates the feasibility and effect of an intervention based on coaching and directly observed therapy (DOT), aimed at patients who are HIV-positive and have massive adherence problems and treatment failure. Participants were followed six months with coaching, homework and DOT...

  9. Mekanisk kredsløbsstøtte ved hjælp af cirkulationspumpe anlagt gennem vena subclavia hos en patient med akut hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Nikolaj; Fabrin, Anja; Jensen, Marianne Kjær;

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old female patient suffered biventricular failure due to severe lymphoid myocarditis. Mechanical circulatory support was established with peripheral arterial-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (AV-ECMO). The left ventricle was relieved by subclavian Impella 5.0. AV-ECMO was weaned...... with the use of only Impella 5.0 until the 17th day of use, whereupon Impella was phased out. This case report illustrates the use-fulness of combined peripheral VA-ECMO with subclavian Impella 5.0 with the prospect of single use of the subclavian Impella 5.0 until cardiac recovery thereby avoiding central...

  10. Forgiftningsmønstre hos 355 konsekutivt indlagte akutte patienter på Bispebjerg Hospital i København i 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gude, Anne-Bolette Jill; Høgberg, Lotte Christine Groth; Pedersen, Michael

    2007-01-01

    agents such as CO. 55% of poisonings were intentional, where paracetamol and benzodiazepines were the preferred agents. Sedative-hypnotics, alcohol, opioids, and drugs of abuse dominated the unintentional overdoses. Patients poisoned by paracetamol were younger and female, with an overrepresentation...... of young women of foreign origin. Activated charcoal was the preferred method of gastric decontamination. In 52% of the cases various discrepancies between discharge codes and actual poisonings were found. There were 5 deaths, 2 of which were from mixed overdoses with benzodiazepines involving...

  11. Dilateret kardiomyopati hos en amfetaminmisbruger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Mathias Tiedemann; Lambrechtsen, Jess

    2011-01-01

    The patient presented himself at the primary practitioner with dyspnoea and chest pain, and was initially misdiagnosed as having pneumonia. Two weeks later the patient developed universal oedema and was hospitalized. Echocardiography showed dilated cardiomyopathy. The initial diagnosis was delaye...

  12. Adaptive filtering using Higher Order Statistics (HOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelghani Manseur

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The performed job, in this study, consists in studying adaptive filters and higher order statistics (HOS to ameliorate their performances, by extension of linear case to non linear filters via Volterra series. This study is, principally, axed on: „ Choice of the adaptation step and convergence conditions. „ Convergence rate. „ Adaptive variation of the convergence factor, according to the input signal. The obtained results, with real signals, have shown computationally efficient and numerically stable algorithms for adaptive nonlinear filtering while keeping relatively simple computational complexity.

  13. Mundhulens mikroflora hos patienter med marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Tove; Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2011-01-01

    Viden om marginal parodontitis’ mikrobiologi tog for alvor fart for ca. 40 år siden. Den tidlige viden var baseret på mikroskopiske og dyrkningsmæssige undersøgelser af den subgingivale plak. Anvendelsen af de nyere molekylærbiologiske metoder har betydet, at vor viden om de ætiologiske faktorer...

  14. Musikterapi til reduktion af agitation hos personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Stige, Brynjulf

    2015-01-01

    Urolig adfærd hos demensramte på plejehjem kan defineres og måles med fagbegrebet agitation. Agitation har alvorlige konsekvenser for de berørte og kan føre til fald i livskvalitet og øget medicinering hos personer med svær demens, og kan ligeledes føre til udbrændthed hos omsorgsgivere. Agitation...... regarding the single individual. A relevant method in an integrated and holistic approach is professional music therapy combined with other staffs’ use of music in daily dementia care....

  15. Musikterapi til reduktion af agitation hos personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Stige, Brynjulf

    2015-01-01

    Urolig adfærd hos demensramte på plejehjem kan defineres og måles med fagbegrebet agitation. Agitation har alvorlige konsekvenser for de berørte og kan føre til fald i livskvalitet og øget medicinering hos personer med svær demens, og kan ligeledes føre til udbrændthed hos omsorgsgivere. Agitatio...... regarding the single individual. A relevant method in an integrated and holistic approach is professional music therapy combined with other staffs’ use of music in daily dementia care........ The concept agitation is used professionally to define and measure disturbing behaviours in people with severe dementia. The causes are multiple and include factors in the psychosocial environment, which suggests that treatment should be holistic and interdisciplinary and not limited to symptom management...

  16. Ivermektinfølsomhed hos danske Collies og Border Collies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Treschow, Michaela E. C.; Fredholm, Merete

    2007-01-01

    Anvendelse af ivermektin i terapeutiske doser til hunde medfører i visse tilfælde neurologiske bivirkninger. Der er tale om en idiosynkrasi, der benævnes ivermektinfølsomhed, og som primært er beskrevet hos hyrdehunderacer, herunder især Collies......Anvendelse af ivermektin i terapeutiske doser til hunde medfører i visse tilfælde neurologiske bivirkninger. Der er tale om en idiosynkrasi, der benævnes ivermektinfølsomhed, og som primært er beskrevet hos hyrdehunderacer, herunder især Collies...

  17. Funktionelle lidelser hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Gitte; Hulgaard, Ditte Roth

    2017-01-01

    RESUME: Funktionelle somatiske symptomer hos børn og unge er en hyppig kontaktårsag i almen praksis. Forældrenes – og barnets – sygdomsforståelse har stor betydning for udvikling og vedligeholdelse af funktionelle lidelser. Gentagne undersøgelser i sundhedsvæsenet og familiens fokusering på fysis...

  18. Vitamin D fysiologi og forsyning hos malkekvæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hymøller, Lone; Jensen, Søren Krogh

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D, som tilhører gruppen af fedtopløselige vitaminer, har de seneste år været et af de mest omdiskuterede næringsstoffer i både dansk og udenlandsk presse. Dette skyldes, at vitamin D har vist sig at have indflydelse på mange forskellige fysiologiske processer i kroppen lige fra...... kalciumbalance og knoglestyrke til immunforsvarets funktion. Hos malkekvæg betyder dette, at vitamin D potentielt har stor indflydelse på bl.a. risikoen for kælvningsproblemer og mælkefeber hos køer samt dyrenes generelle holdbarhed og sundhed. Gennem de seneste 10 år har forskere på AU Foulum intenst studeret...... vitamin D-forsyningen og -fysiologien hos malkekvæg. Resultaterne af disse undersøgelser har vist, at sommersollys er en meget vigtig kilde til vitamin D hos malkekøer, og der er en lineært stigende effekt på køernes vitamin D-status i blodet, jo længere tid de dagligt opholder sig i sommersolen. Tilskud...

  19. Optimeret brug af genomisk selektion hos Dansk Jersey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomasen, Jørn Rind

    2013-01-01

    Anvendelse af genomisk information øger sikkerheden på avlsværdier for unge avlsdyr uden egne registreringer og kan derfor øge avlsfremgangen. Derfor er genomisk selektion allerede blevet en del af beslutningsgrundlaget i mange avlsprogrammer hos malkekvæg. Metoden har dog vist sig at være mere...

  20. Hofte- og lyskesmerter hos yngre fysisk aktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Julie Sandell; Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian;

    2015-01-01

    kirurgi – til hvem og hvornår Sonia Branci: Billeddiagnostik – Klinisk anvendelse af MR Julie Jacobsen: Billeddiagnostik – Klinisk anvendelse af ultralydsskanning Kristian Thorborg: Smerte og funktionsnedsættelse hos forskellige patientgrupper med hoftesmerter Form: Introduktion til temaet, oplæg og...

  1. CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF THE MISFIT LAYER COMPOUND (HOS)1.23NBS2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WIEGERS, GA; MEETSMA, A; HAANGE, RJ; DEBOER, JL

    1992-01-01

    Single-crystal X-ray diffraction has shown that (HoS)1.23NbS2 is a misfit layer compound built of alternate double layers of HoS, approximately a {001} slice of NaCl-type HoS, and sandwiches of NbS2 with niobium in trigonal prisms of sulphur like niobium in 2H-NbS2. The unit cell dimensions of the H

  2. Sprog hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2010-01-01

    Spredningen i sproglige færdigheder hos børn med autisme er enorm. Dette forhold vanskeliggør forskning inden for området, og omvendt bevirker forskningen og de valg – og ikke mindst fravalg – som autismeforskere er nødt til at foretage, at gruppen af børn med autisme kommer til at fremstå mere...

  3. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients with acute bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kirsten

    2001-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandlingen omhandler sammenhængen mellem hjernens blodtilførsel (CBF) og middelarterietrykket (MAP) hos patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis. Hos raske er CBF uafhængig af MAP, hvilket kaldes CBF autoregulation. Svækket autoregulation antages at øge risikoen for cerebral hypoperfusion ...

  4. Cytomegalovirus-colitis hos immunkompetent ung mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Eva; Grønbaek, Karin; Linnemann, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    haematochezia remained present after six months. Development of IBD subsequent to CMV colitis has previously been described, and is now suspected in our patient. CMV colitis is a rare but possible differential diagnosis in immunocompetent patients with fever, elevated liver enzymes and bloody stools......A healthy young man was hospitalized due to fever, malaise and bloody stools for three weeks. The patient had a primary CMV infection based on biochemical, serological and ultrasonic results, and a colonoscopy was consistent with left-sided CMV colitis. He recovered spontaneously, though...

  5. Laparoskopisk splenektomi for hereditaer sfaerocytose hos born

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, C.R.; Bulut, O.; Jess, P.

    2008-01-01

    Based on the positive international experience with laparoscopic splenectomy on a large number of patients since 1991, we treated two teenagers with symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis and moderate splenomegaly. Both operations and postoperative courses were uneventful, and the children had...

  6. Clinical characteristics of delirium Patients referred to consultation-liaison Psychiatry in general hosPi-tals%综合医院精神科会诊患者谵妄的临床特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑学宝; 王洪飞; 李金亮; 罗忠; 张开宇

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of delirium patients referred to consultation-liaison psychiatry in general hospitals,as well as those in psychiatric hospitals. Method:The clinical data of 28 delirium patients referred to consultation-liaison psychiatry in general hospitals(consulation-liaison group) and 24 delirium patients in psychiatric hospitals(non-consulation-liaison group)admitted were included for a contrast analysis. They were all evaluated by the Chinese revision of confusion assessment method(CAM-CR). Results:Delirium patients in the consultation-liaison group were with elder age and complex etiology. Medi-cine diseases they suffering from were mainly in respiratory tract infections,brain stroke and cardiovascular dis-eases,while the surgical diseases were mainly in cerebral trauma,post-operation and fractures. Among them, multi-system diseases had the highest probability of causing delirium. The psychomotor retardation score in CAM-CR was significantly higher than the non-consultation-liaison group. However,delirium patients in non-consulation-liaison group were with younger age and simple etiology. Their diseases were mainly caused by with-drawing from psychoactive substances,senile dementia and improper application of antipsychotics. The total score,change in the level of consciousness,perceptual disturbance and psychomotor excitation scores in CAM-CR were all significantly higher than the consultation-liaison group. Conclusion:Elder age,complex etiology and symptoms,high misdiagnosis rate and poor prognosis are among the main features in delirium patients in general hospitals,the consultation liaison needs to be strengthened.%目的:探讨综合性医院精神科会诊中的谵妄与精神病专科医院中的谵妄的临床特点。方法:对综合性医院中精神科会诊中的28例谵妄患者(会诊组)与同期在精神病院的24例患者(非会诊组)的临床资料进行对照分析,并使用谵妄

  7. Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Carsten Sauer; Mikkelsen, Dorthe Bisgaard; Jensen, Thøger Gorm

    2010-01-01

    We describe a case of adult staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) in a 91-year-old woman. The patient had a Staphylococcus aureus infection in her right ear with redness and yellow secretion. A few days later she developed Nikolsky sign-positive tender enlarged flaccid bullae involving most...

  8. Svaer metabolisk acidose hos en kronisk alkoholiker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Morten Egede; Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Pott, Frank Christian

    2008-01-01

    Severe metabolic acidosis is associated with poor prognosis. We present a patient with profound alcohol and starvation-related combined lactic and keto acidosis (lactate = 29 mM; pH = 6.83) who made a good recovery following 18 hours of intensive care therapy. A brief summary of the proposed...

  9. Kryptorkisme hos drenge med anal atresi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, Dina; Thorup, J M; Nielsen, Ole Henrik;

    1996-01-01

    was the incidence of cryptorchidism. The incidence of renal and ureteric malformations and dysplasias showed a parallel tendency. The incidence of vertebral malformations and dysplasias in the T10-S5 area was low among patients with a covered anus or a perineal fistula. Cryptorchidism was found to be associated...

  10. Propanthelinbromid er effektivt mod savlen hos hunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldenløve, Mette; Thyssen, Jacob P

    2015-01-01

    Hyperhidrosis is a common condition characterized by extensive sweat secretion. Systemic treatment with anticholinergics might prove effective, but patients often suffer from side effects, e.g. dryness of the mouth. We present a clinical case of severe polydipsia in a six-month-old puppy who had...

  11. The Factors Influencing HosPitalization Costs of ICU patients with Mechanical Ventilation:A path Analysis%ICU机械通气患者住院费用影响因素的通径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁彩云; 刘中华; 张静; 朱健华

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨影响重症监护病房( ICU)机械通气患者住院费用的影响因素,为合理控制医疗费用的过快增长并减轻ICU机械通气患者经济负担提供理论依据。方法对江苏省南通市某省级三级甲等医院2008年1月-2012年12月入住ICU符合纳入标准的机械通气患者166例进行通径分析,观察记录所有患者的一般资料和临床检查结果。采用逐步前进法回归分析拟合通径分析模型,筛选影响住院费用的直接效应和通过住院时间影响住院费用的间接效应并计算各效应大小。结果 ICU机械通气患者住院费用的影响因素作用由大到小依次为:住院时间、ICU住院时间、插管情况、机械通气时间、呼吸机相关性肺炎( VAP)与否、医院感染与否、肠内营养与否、手术与否、入院年份、治疗结果、补充清蛋白与否。VAP与否、治疗结果、插管情况对住院费用不仅存在直接作用而且存在间接作用。VAP与否、ICU住院时间、机械通气时间、插管情况与住院时间、住院费用呈正相关( P<0.05),治疗结果、医院感染与否、肠内营养与否、补充清蛋白与否与住院时间、住院费用呈负相关( P<0.05)。结论住院时间、ICU住院时间、机械通气时间、插管情况、呼吸机相关性肺炎和医院感染是ICU机械通气患者住院费用的主要影响因素,政府、医疗机构及医疗保险机构应协同努力,采取综合措施,有效控制ICU机械通气患者住院费用的过快增长。%Objective To investigate the main factors influencing hospitalization expenses of the patients having me-chanical ventilation( MV)in intensive care unit( ICU),to provide a theoretic evidence for controlling the unduly rapid increa-ses of medical expenses and diminishing patients' burden. Methods A path analysis was performed in 166 MV patients admitted to a provincial hospital from January 2008 to December

  12. HOS AND GA BASED INTERFERENCE REJECTION IN DIRECT SEQUENCE SPREAD SPECTRUM COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gong Xiangyang; Hu Guangrui; Li Taijie

    2003-01-01

    A new Higher Order Statistics (HOS) and Genetic Algorithm (GA)-based interference rejection filter is introduced. Compared with the adaptive filters based on second-order statistics and gradient algorithm, the HOS and GA-based filter can reject the interference more efficiently, is independent of uncorrelated Gaussian noise, tends to converge to the optimum solution and is much less sensitive to the choice of the step size parameter. Computer simulations show that the method can reject narrowband interference efficiently.

  13. Måling af helbredsrelateret livskvalitet hos patienter med thyroideasygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watt, Torquil; Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla; Rasmussen, Ase Krogh;

    2008-01-01

    -relevant questions about HRQL and thyroid disease remain unanswered and the current sparse results are contradictory. This may be due to the lack of a valid HRQL measurement. Hopefully, increased focus on HRQL and the development of a valid thyroid-specific HRQL measure will improve this status. Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  14. Parvovirus B19-akut hepatitis hos immunkompetent patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lykke

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a case of acute hepatitis in an adult person without subsequent complications caused by parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The diagnosis was made by detection of PVB19 IgM and IgG antibody in the blood using ELISA. There was not made any affirmative polymerase chain reaction for DNA...

  15. Peritoneal tuberkulose hos patient med formodet dissemineret ovariecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lone Wulff; Neumann, Gudrun; Pedersen, Court

    2012-01-01

    imaging) supported this suspicion. Peritoneal biopsy from laparoscopy showed granulomas with central necrosis. Microscopy, culture and polymerase chain reaction from biopsy samples were negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Follow-up with a CT scan after six months of full tuberculosis treatment showed...... normal conditions. Peritoneal tuberculosis is a diagnostic challenge, but should be considered in case of immigrants from high-risk areas....

  16. Stressfrakturer af distale fibula hos en patient med osteoporose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwartz, Frederik; Heerfordt, Ida Marie

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of an 81-year-old osteoporotic woman, who suffered stress fractures of the distal fibula on both sides within a two-year period. The risk factors for stress fractures are reviewed and the importance of a high index of suspicion for stress fractures is emphasized. When a stress...... fracture is suspected it should lead to plain radiography and treatment with protected weight-bearing with crutches or a brace....

  17. Livskvalitet efter aortaklapoperation hos patienter > or = 75 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rasa Skrupskelyte; Poulsen, Anja

    2010-01-01

    A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life.......A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life....

  18. Laktatacidose som komplikation til inhalationsbehandling hos patient med astmaeksacerbation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekelund, Kim; Følsgaard, Søren Lars

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of severe lactic acidosis due to exacerbation of asthma in presence of normal tissue perfusion and oxygenation in a 35-year-old woman with poorly controlled asthma. After admission, she was treated continuously with inhalation of salbutamol (a beta-agonist) resulting in lactic...

  19. Paraneoplastisk pancytopeni hos en patient med uerkendt lungecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Werner; Sjö, Lene; Grønbæk, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    % blasts, but a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) was considered. After 30 days without any chemotherapeutic treatment her peripheral blood was normalised. In the meanwhile she was diagnosed with a small cell lung cancer. In this case the MDS-like condition was caused by a paraneoplastic...

  20. Myopati hos en patient i behandling med simvastatin og fluconazol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Kristian; Lydolph, Magnus Christian; Somnier, Finn

    2016-01-01

    A 69-year-old female was admitted due to progressive loss of muscle strength following addition of fluconazole to long-term simvastatin treatment. Rhabdomyolysis was suspected and both drugs were discontinued. Forced diuresis was initiated together with a short course of prednisolone. After 21...

  1. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette

    2009-01-01

    of bisphosphonate therapy and with the potency of the used bisphosphonate. BON usually develops after tooth extraction or other oral surgery, and has proven difficult to treat. Optimal dental hygiene should be ensured prior to treatment initiation where possible, and once bisphosphonate treatment is instituted......, oral surgery should be avoided if possible. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-5...

  2. Warfarinresistens hos en patient med hereditær trombofili

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haastrup, Peter; Rudbæk, Torsten; Bove, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    We present a case report of a young man with spontaneous deep venous thrombosis. He tested positive for heterozygote factor VLeiden mutation and was treated with warfarin. However, he turned out to be resistant to warfarin, and another venous thrombosis occurred during the insufficient treatment...

  3. Residualurin hos patienter på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Hanne; Nielsen, Jeanne; Juncher, Annie Elena;

    2010-01-01

    Post Void Residual Volume (PVRV) is a known risk factor for urinary infection, incontinence and renal insufficiency. Disposing for the condition is high age, immobility, constipation, neurological and metabolic disease. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and to examine...

  4. Eksponering, lungefunksjon og inflammasjonsmarkører hos asfaltarbeidere*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Britt Grethe Randem

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bakgrunn: Vi undersøkte om vi kunne påvise endringer i lungefunksjon og inflammasjonsmarkører hos asfaltarbeidere over en asfaltsesong på 6 måneder. Samtidig ønsket vi å karakterisere eksponeringen ved moderne asfaltarbeid, spesielt eksponeringen for ultrafine partikler.Materiale og metode: Alle asfaltarbeidere og asfaltingeniører ansatt hos Norges største entreprenør for veibygging ble invitert til å delta i en studie av lungefunksjon og markører for inflammasjon i luftveiene. Undersøkelsene ble utført i forkant av asfaltsesongen. Like før sesongavslutning ble studiegruppen undersøkt på nytt. Studiegruppen bestod av 72 asfaltleggere, 32 asfaltblandeverksarbeidere og en kontrollgruppe med 19 asfaltingeniører. Eksponeringsundersøkelser ble gjennomført både på vei og i asfaltverk.Resultater: Ultrafine partikler (UFP målt ved asfaltutleggeren kom hovedsaklig fra asfaltleggingsaktiviteter og fra trafikkeksos. Nivået av UFP var sammenlignbart med nivået ved rushtidstrafikk i en stor by. 74% av de målte partiklene på stedet var ultrafine. Asfaltleggerne hadde en statistisk signifikant stigning i interleukin-6 over asfaltsesongen sammenlignet med verksarbeidere, og asfaltleggere hadde større økning i CC16 over sesongen enn verksarbeidere og ingeniører. Skyflere, en gruppe asfaltleggere, hadde et statistisk signifikant fall i FVK og FEV1 målt ved sesongslutt.Fortolkning: Varm asfalt kan generere høye konsentrasjoner av UFP. Eksponering hos asfaltleggere kan bidra til akselerert reduksjon i lungefunksjon og økning i betennelsesmarkører som tegn på inflammasjon. Randem BG, Ulvestad B. Exposure, lung function and inflammation markers in asphalt workers. Nor J Epidemiol 2009; 19 (2: 229-234. ENGLISH SUMMARYBackground: Asphalt workers are exposed to aerosol/particles from the hot asphalt mix when paving. We investigated possible changes in lung function and markers of inflammation in the workers across a summer paving

  5. Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder. Undersøgelse og behandling i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Karen

    1994-01-01

    Artiklen omfatter resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse til 200 praktiserende læger efteråret 1992 om lægernes undersøgelse og behandling af forskellige former for blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Undersøgelsen blev udført mhp. Karen Astrup's deltagelse i expertpanelet til...... konsensuskonferencen "Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder" febr. 1993. Udgivelsesdato: 1994......Artiklen omfatter resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse til 200 praktiserende læger efteråret 1992 om lægernes undersøgelse og behandling af forskellige former for blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Undersøgelsen blev udført mhp. Karen Astrup's deltagelse i expertpanelet til...

  6. Forbedret diagnostik af osteomyelitis hos børn?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afzelius, Pia; Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl;

    Osteomyelitis er en alvorlig sygdom. Tidlig diagnose og påbegyndelse af behandlingen er vigtigt for at forhindre sygdomsudviklingen og for at reducere potentielt alvorlige komplikationer. Konventionel røntgenundersøgelse udført tidligt i forløbet kan ikke udelukke akut osteomyelitis. MRI......, knogleskintigrafi og CT er centrale billeddiagnostiske metoder til diagnostik af akut osteomyelitis hos børn. MRI betragtes ofte som værende den bedste billeddannende metode, men er ikke altid tilgængelig og kræver anæstesi af små børn. Knogleskintigrafi påviser osteoblastaktivitet og anses for at være yderst...... sensitiv men er ikke særlig specifik. 18F-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) PET har måske den højeste diagnostiske nøjagtighed for bekræftelse/udelukkelse af kronisk osteomyelitis sammenlignet med knogleskintigrafi, MRI og leukocytskintigrafi. Imidlertid har de fleste studier kun anvendt 18F-FDG PET ved mistanke om...

  7. Computer-aided diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction using ultrasound images with DWT, GLCM and HOS methods: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidya, K Sudarshan; Ng, E Y K; Acharya, U Rajendra; Chou, Siaw Meng; Tan, Ru San; Ghista, Dhanjoo N

    2015-07-01

    Myocardial Infarction (MI) or acute MI (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Precise and timely identification of MI and extent of muscle damage helps in early treatment and reduction in the time taken for further tests. MI diagnosis using 2D echocardiography is prone to inter-/intra-observer variability in the assessment. Therefore, a computerised scheme based on image processing and artificial intelligent techniques can reduce the workload of clinicians and improve the diagnosis accuracy. A Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) of infarcted and normal ultrasound images will be useful for clinicians. In this study, the performance of CAD approach using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), second order statistics calculated from Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) and Higher-Order Spectra (HOS) texture descriptors are compared. The proposed system is validated using 400 MI and 400 normal ultrasound images, obtained from 80 patients with MI and 80 normal subjects. The extracted features are ranked based on t-value and fed to the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier to obtain the best performance using minimum number of features. The features extracted from DWT coefficients obtained an accuracy of 99.5%, sensitivity of 99.75% and specificity of 99.25%; GLCM have achieved an accuracy of 85.75%, sensitivity of 90.25% and specificity of 81.25%; and HOS obtained an accuracy of 93.0%, sensitivity of 94.75% and specificity of 91.25%. Among the three techniques presented DWT yielded the highest classification accuracy. Thus, the proposed CAD approach may be used as a complementary tool to assist cardiologists in making a more accurate diagnosis for the presence of MI.

  8. Varmepumper i hushald. Analyse av endringar i effektforbruket hos hushald med panelomnar og vedfyring ved installasjon av ulike typar varmepumper

    OpenAIRE

    Øvrebotten, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    Sidan oljekrisa på 1970-talet som førte til ein gradvis overgang frå bruk av oljekjelar og parafinkaminar til panelomnar og varmepumper, har andelen elektrisitet stadig auka mens andelen av olje har vore redusert. Andelen av elektrisitet hos hushalda utgjer i dag om lag 79 % av den samla energibruken hos hushalda i Noreg. Dette høge forbruket av elektrisitet hos hushalda bidreg til å skape problem med høge effekttoppar i kraftnettet som igjen skapar problem for kraftdistributørar og er med...

  9. Intervention rettet mod sproget hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    Sprogniveauet hos børn med autisme er afgørende for deres muligheder for udfoldelse og udvikling, og sproget er et udviklingsområde, der er meget modtageligt for intensiv intervention. Imidlertid modtager danske børn med autisme kun sjældent intensiv intervention rettet mod sproget. De intensive...

  10. Emerging countries’ multinational companies investing in developed countries: at odds with the HOS paradigm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreff, Wladimir

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the new trend of outward foreign direct investment (FDI by multinational companies from emerging countries, in particular the BRICs, in developed countries to question the applicability of the traditional HOS theoretical framework to this trend. A literature review shows that labour costs do not play any significant role in the first attempts to provide an analytical explanation of this new trend. A HOS equation, amended in order to encompass FDI, is elaborated in order to explain outward FDI from developed to developing and emerging countries based on differences in labour endowment and therefore in wage rates. Step by step, the equation introduces the technological gap, institutions and government policies. Then it is shown that such equation when reversed to explain outward FDI from emerging to developed countries is at odds with the traditional HOS framework. Turning the HOS theory upside down does not help to explain reverse FDI outflows from emerging to developed countries. An alternative approach is called for, in which a labour cost advantage (a lower wage rate than abroad is a home market advantage for emerging countries to invest abroad. A final section provides some empirical examples that labour matters and a lower home wage rate is a decisive comparative advantage for Indian and Chinese multinationals investing in developed countries. Additional evidence shows that the technological gap and the home country’s institutions and government policy matter as well

  11. Gir tidlig vurdering og behandling hos spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering reduksjon i langtidsfravær hos sykmeldte med muskel- og skjelettsykdommer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Elvsåshagen

    2010-01-01

    , det vil si uten behovsvurdering hos egen fastlege, førte ikke til en statistisk signifikant reduksjon i varigheten av sykmeldingsperioden i denne studien. Heller ikke andre trygdeytelser som rehabiliteringspenger og yrkesrettet attføring ble redusert etter en observasjonsperiode på to år etter at pasientene ble inkludert i undersøkelsen. Elvsåshagen H, Tellnes G, Abdelnoor MH. Does early intervention by a specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation reduce the duration of long term sick leave among persons with musculoskeletal diseases? Nor J Epidemiol 2009; 19 (2: 219-222. ENGLISH SUMMARYBackground: Most patients with long term sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases are treated by general practitioners.The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that early intervention by a specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation will reduce the duration of long term sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases.Material and methods: In collaboration with 14 National Insurance Offices in the Norwegian county of Vestfold, 829 patients aged 25-50 years with 8-12 weeks of sick leave for musculoskeletal diseases were included and randomized into an intervention group (n=409 and a control group (n=420. Exclusion criteria were no job, rheumatic diseases, fractures and joint diseases. The intervention group was examined by a specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the Hospital of Rehabilitation in Stavern, Norway, where they were examined and treated. The patients in the control group were treated by general practitioners as usual. Some of these patients were also referred to the same hospital or other specialists for examination as part of the general practitioner's own initiative. Data on sick leave, disability pension, and other social benefits were collected from the National Insurance Offices. Number of days of sick leave, rehabilitation benefits and vocational rehabilitation were used as end points. After two years of follow-up the end

  12. MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIA IN A TERTIARY CARE HOS PITAL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujata

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global problem in the hos pitals as well as in the community. Selection pressure exerted by over use of antimicrobial agents is the commonest predisposing factor of development of resist ance. Problems faced are especially with Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MR SA, Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE and Multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB. AIMS: A study was undertaken to find out the prevalence of all bacteri a isolated in this hospital from different specimens, which are resistant to first line antibio tics and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern with higher antibiotics during a six-month pe riod. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All isolates from different specimens were processed by s tandard techniques and identified by standard biochemical tests. Antibiotic susceptibilit y was performed on Mueller Hinton Agar (MHA by Kirby-Bauer Disc Diffusion Method (KBDDM, according to CLSI guidelines. Those resistant to first line antibiotics were further te sted for higher antibiotics. For Extended Spectrum β -lactamse (ESBL detection, double disc synergy met hod was carried out for all Gram-negative bacilli. RESULTS: Out of 2987 bacteria grown, 904 (30.3% were multi drug resistant bacteria. Resistance to first line antib iotics was 83.4% and resistance to all higher antibiotics tested was 16.6%. Sixty percent of Staph ylococcus aureus was MRSA and all were sensitive to vancomycin. Prevalence of VRE was 5.3 %. Carbapenem resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter species were 19.1% and 9.8% respectively and 10.1% of Klebsiella species was carbapenem resistant. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the extensive problem of antibiotic resistance encounter ed in this hospital. Thus, prudent and appropriate uses of antibiotics are required to reduce the emergence of resistance. Each hospital should also have its own antibiotic policy based on the susceptibility pattern of

  13. Automatic Detection of Pathologies in The Voice by HOS Based Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Leon José

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current panorama the conclusive identification of a laryngeal pathology relies inevitably on the observation of the vocal folds by means of laryngoscopical techniques. This inspection technique is inconvenient for a number of reasons, such as its high cost, the duration of the inspection, and, above all, the fact that it is an invasive technique. This paper looks into the possibility of measuring the quality of a voice starting from an audio recording. The existing parameters in current literature ("classic parameters" which allow quantifying the quality of a voice have been studied, and the parameters that present better results have been selected. Also, seven new High Order Statistics (HOS based parameters are proposed to parametrize the voice signal. On the other hand, a software package has been developed which carries out the automatic detection of dysfunction in phonation. A success rate of % has been obtained by using both the classic and the HOS based proposed parameters.

  14. HOS cell adhesion on Ti6Al4V surfaces texturized by laser engraving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval Amador, A.; Carreño Garcia, H.; Escobar Rivero, P.; Peña Ballesteros, D. Y.; Estupiñán Duran, H. A.

    2016-02-01

    The cell adhesion of the implant is determinate by the chemical composition, topography, wettability, surface energy and biocompatibility of the biomaterial. In this work the interaction between human osteosarcoma HOS cells and textured Ti6Al4V surfaces were evaluated. Ti6Al4V surfaces were textured using a CO2 laser in order to obtain circular spots on the surfaces. Test surfaces were uncoated (C1) used as a control surface, and surfaces with points obtained by laser engraving, with 1mm spacing (C2) and 0.5mm (C3). The HOS cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotics. No cells toxicity after one month incubation time occurred. The increased cell adhesion and cell spreading was observed after 1, 3 and 5 days without significant differences between the sample surfaces (C2 and C3) and control (uncoated) at the end of the experiment.

  15. Nyrepåvirkning hos midaldrende og ældre personer med nyopdaget diabetes mellitus. Fra projektet "Diabetesomsorg i almen praksis"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Andreasen, A.H.

    1994-01-01

    Dette er en formidling af resultaterne fra sidste års artikel angående nyrepåvirknign hos nyopdagede aldersdiabetikere i Diabetologia. Udgivelsesdato: 1994......Dette er en formidling af resultaterne fra sidste års artikel angående nyrepåvirknign hos nyopdagede aldersdiabetikere i Diabetologia. Udgivelsesdato: 1994...

  16. The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Elías-Villalobos

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Morphological changes are critical for host colonisation in plant pathogenic fungi. These changes occur at specific stages of their pathogenic cycle in response to environmental signals and are mediated by transcription factors, which act as master regulators. Histone deacetylases (HDACs play crucial roles in regulating gene expression, for example by locally modulating the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulators. It has been reported that HDACs play important roles in the virulence of plant fungi. However, the specific environment-sensing pathways that control fungal virulence via HDACs remain poorly characterised. Here we address this question using the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. We find that the HDAC Hos2 is required for the dimorphic switch and pathogenic development in U. maydis. The deletion of hos2 abolishes the cAMP-dependent expression of mating type genes. Moreover, ChIP experiments detect Hos2 binding to the gene bodies of mating-type genes, which increases in proportion to their expression level following cAMP addition. These observations suggest that Hos2 acts as a downstream component of the cAMP-PKA pathway to control the expression of mating-type genes. Interestingly, we found that Clr3, another HDAC present in U. maydis, also contributes to the cAMP-dependent regulation of mating-type gene expression, demonstrating that Hos2 is not the only HDAC involved in this control system. Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis.

  17. The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elías-Villalobos, Alberto; Fernández-Álvarez, Alfonso; Moreno-Sánchez, Ismael; Helmlinger, Dominique; Ibeas, José I

    2015-08-01

    Morphological changes are critical for host colonisation in plant pathogenic fungi. These changes occur at specific stages of their pathogenic cycle in response to environmental signals and are mediated by transcription factors, which act as master regulators. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play crucial roles in regulating gene expression, for example by locally modulating the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulators. It has been reported that HDACs play important roles in the virulence of plant fungi. However, the specific environment-sensing pathways that control fungal virulence via HDACs remain poorly characterised. Here we address this question using the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. We find that the HDAC Hos2 is required for the dimorphic switch and pathogenic development in U. maydis. The deletion of hos2 abolishes the cAMP-dependent expression of mating type genes. Moreover, ChIP experiments detect Hos2 binding to the gene bodies of mating-type genes, which increases in proportion to their expression level following cAMP addition. These observations suggest that Hos2 acts as a downstream component of the cAMP-PKA pathway to control the expression of mating-type genes. Interestingly, we found that Clr3, another HDAC present in U. maydis, also contributes to the cAMP-dependent regulation of mating-type gene expression, demonstrating that Hos2 is not the only HDAC involved in this control system. Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis.

  18. Hospitalization is less in malnourished patients given intradialytic oral nutritional supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Lacson Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Overall, HOS was lower in the ONS group (N= 7,264 at 2.5 vs. 2.7 episodes/pt‐year for controls (N= 13,853, p<0.001. The unadjusted time to 1st HOS hazard ratio for ONS was 0.92 (0.88, 0.95 and after adjustment for baseline case‐mix, HOS 30‐days prior to study entry, and 5 HD quality indicators was 0.93 (0.90, 0.96. Although limited by the observational design, these results indicate lower HOS associated with ONS use in malnourished chronic HD patients with albumin ≤3.5 g/dL.

  19. Seksuel dysfunktion er hyppig hos patientermed analfistler og analfissurer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm Andersen, Malene; Møller, Henrik; Gögenur, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    Anal fistulas and fissures are frequent disorders. Affected patients may have significant psychosocial and sexual dysfunction. A few studies have investigated patients with anal fissures and fistulas with regard to sexual dysfunction. These studies showed a significant degree of sexual dysfunction...

  20. Primær kutan kryptokokkose hos dueavler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kjeld; Ravn, Pernille; Bangsborg, Jette Marie

    2011-01-01

    A Danish 73 year-old male patient with polymyalgia rheumatica and in prednisone treatment presented with a cutaneous ulcer on the hand caused by a scratch from a pigeon. Initial treatment with antibiotics was unsuccessful. Biopsy revealed Cryptococcus neoformans and the patient recovered on antif...

  1. A HOS-based Blind Signal Extraction Method for Chaotic MIMO Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Yun-rui; HE Di; HE Chen; JIANG Ling-ge

    2008-01-01

    A novel method to extract multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) chaotic signals was pro-posed using the blind neural algorithm after transmitting in nonideal channel. The MIMO scheme with different chaotic signal generators was presented. In order to separate the chaotic source signals only by using the sensor signals at receivers, a blind neural extraction algorithm based on higher-order statistic (HOS) technique was used to recover the primary chaotic signals. Simulation results show that the proposed approach has good performance in separating the primary chaotic signals even under nonideal channel.

  2. HOS AND GA BASED INTERFERENCE REJECTION IN DIRECT SEQUENCE SPREAD SPECTRUM COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GongXiangyang; HuGuangrui

    2003-01-01

    A new Higher Order Statistics (OHS) and Genetic Algorithm (GA)-based inter-ference rejection filter is introduced.Compared with the adaptive filters based on second-order statistics and gradient algorithm,the HOS and GA-based filter can reject the interference more efficiently,is independent of uncorrelated Gaussian noise,tende to converge to the optimum solution and is much less sensitive to the choice of the step size parameter.Computer simulations show that the method can reject narrowband interference efficiently.

  3. Förekomst av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Annika; Olsson, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka förekomsten av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn. Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie. Materialet till litteraturstudien samlades in genom sökning i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och ScienceDirect. De sökord som användes vid litteratursökningen i samtliga databaser var ”caries”, ”Crohn’s disease”, ”periodontal disease” och ”periodontitis”. Vetenskapliga artiklar som fick ingå i litteraturstudien begränsades till ”En...

  4. Functional characterization of Candida albicans Hos2 histone deacetylase [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3xh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Karthikeyan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Candida albicans is a mucosal commensal organism capable of causing superficial (oral and vaginal thrush infections in immune normal hosts, but is a major pathogen causing systemic and mucosal infections in immunocompromised individuals. Azoles have been very effective anti-fungal agents and the mainstay in treating opportunistic mold and yeast infections. Azole resistant strains have emerged compromising the utility of this class of drugs. It has been shown that azole resistance can be reversed by the co-administration of a histone deacetylase (HDAC inhibitor, suggesting that resistance is mediated by epigenetic mechanisms possibly involving Hos2, a fungal deacetylase. We report here the cloning and functional characterization of HOS2 (HighOsmolarity Sensitive, a gene coding for fungal histone deacetylase from C. albicans. Inhibition studies showed that Hos2 is susceptible to pan inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, but is not inhibited by class I inhibitors such as MS-275. This in vitro enzymatic assay, which is amenable to high throughput could be used for screening potent fungal Hos2 inhibitors that could be a potential anti-fungal adjuvant. Purified Hos2 protein consistently deacetylated tubulins, rather than histones from TSA-treated cells. Hos2 has been reported to be a putative NAD+ dependent histone deacetylase, a feature of sirtuins. We assayed for sirtuin activation with resveratrol and purified Hos2 protein and did not find any sirtuin activity.

  5. HosA, a MarR Family Transcriptional Regulator, Represses Nonoxidative Hydroxyarylic Acid Decarboxylase Operon and Is Modulated by 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ajit; Ranjan, Akash

    2016-02-23

    Members of the Multiple antibiotic resistance Regulator (MarR) family of DNA binding proteins regulate transcription of a wide array of genes required for virulence and pathogenicity of bacteria. The present study reports the molecular characterization of HosA (Homologue of SlyA), a MarR protein, with respect to its target gene, DNA recognition motif, and nature of its ligand. Through a comparative genomics approach, we demonstrate that hosA is in synteny with nonoxidative hydroxyarylic acid decarboxylase (HAD) operon and is present exclusively within the mutS-rpoS polymorphic region in nine different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. Using molecular biology and biochemical approach, we demonstrate that HosA binds to a palindromic sequence downstream to the transcription start site of divergently transcribed nonoxidative HAD operon and represses its expression. Furthermore, in silico analysis showed that the recognition motif for HosA is highly conserved in the upstream region of divergently transcribed operon in different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. A systematic chemical search for the physiological ligand revealed that 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA) interacts with HosA and derepresses HosA mediated repression of the nonoxidative HAD operon. Based on our study, we propose a model for molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of nonoxidative HAD operon by HosA in Enterobacteriaceae family.

  6. Laparoskopisk splenektomi for hereditaer sfaerocytose hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Christine Rønne; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    Based on the positive international experience with laparoscopic splenectomy on a large number of patients since 1991, we treated two teenagers with symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis and moderate splenomegaly. Both operations and postoperative courses were uneventful, and the children had...

  7. Klinisk kemiske parametre for metabolisk kontrol hos diabetespatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sindrup, S H; Matzen, L E; Wengler, K;

    1989-01-01

    Fructosamine and various measures of blood glucose were compared to glycosylated hemoglobin as indices of glycaemic control in 148 patients with insulin treated diabetes. Fructosamine correlated fairly well with glycosylated hemoglobin (r = 0.67), but around 40 per cent of the patients...... with glycosylated hemoglobin below upper reference limit had a fructosamine value over upper reference limit and vice versa. The possibility to predict the level of glycosylated hemoglobin from fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, and self-measured blood glucose was poor. The difference in self......-measured blood glucose from patients with high versus low levels of glycosylated hemoglobin was very modest (0.5-2.0 mmol/l). It is concluded that it is reasonable to measure both glycosylated hemoglobin and fructosamine to evaluate glycaemic control in insulin treated diabetic patients. Fasting blood glucose...

  8. Role of relatives of ethnic minority patients in patient safety in hospital care: a qualitative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosse, F. van; Suurmond, J.; Wagner, C.; Bruijne, M. de; Essink-Bot, M.L.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Relatives of ethnic minority patients often play an important role in the care process during hospitalisation. Our objective was to analyse the role of these relatives in relation to the safety of patients during hospital care. Setting Four large urban hos

  9. Cochleaimplantationer hos voksne. Resultater og betydning for kommunikation og livskvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, C E; Grøntved, A M

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the benefits and complications from cochlear implantation and to evaluate the average implant usage per day. Ten profoundly deaf adults were implanted during the period April 1994 to September 1997. The patients answered questionnaires one year or more after...... receiving their cochlear implants. The average implant usage per day was 16 hours. The patients would again opt for a cochlear implant and would recommend a cochlear implant for a deaf friend. A paired comparison showed that the implants led to statistically significant improvement in a number of factors...

  10. 76 FR 16852 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Assessing the Safety Impact of the Exemption From the 14-Hour...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... Pyrotechnics Association (APA) an exemption from the current HOS prohibition against driving a commercial motor...: Thomas Yager, FMCSA Driver and Carrier Operations Division; Office of Bus and Truck Standards and... 381.300(b)). APA's Independence Day Operations and the Exemption from 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) APA is...

  11. Operation for ingvinalhernie og fertilitet hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohl, Andreas; Andresen, Kristoffer; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    It is still unknown whether or not inguinal hernia repair with or without the use of mesh causes infertility in male patients. The objective of this article was to discuss the available literature, to ascertain if the preclinical and clinical findings point towards a causal relationship. The review...

  12. Selvadministreret ventrikelsondeernaering hos et barn med infantil autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrborg, J

    1991-01-01

    An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill...

  13. Steatocystoma multiplex hos 39-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duffy, Jonas Raymond; Siersen, Hans Erik; Bonde, Christian T

    2011-01-01

    A clinical case of the rare disorder steatocystoma multiplex is described in a 39-year-old female. The patient was diagnosed with generalized intradermal lesions that started presenting in early adulthood. There was no family history of similar lesions.Skin examination showed multiple, skin-colou...

  14. Biologiske forandringer hos pasienter med post-traumatisk stresslidelse

    OpenAIRE

    Haugsbø, Erik Sole

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychiatric disorder that may develop in individuals exposed to a traumatic event. The lifetime prevalence of traumatic events serious enough to cause subsequent PTSD shows great variation depending on definition and sample selection, but even the most conservative of estimates would propose that in excess of 300 million patients world-wide meet diagnostic criteria for PTSD. PTSD is a disorder that leads to substantial impairment...

  15. Diagnostik og behandling af næsefraktur hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjöstedt, Sannia; Larsen, Christian Grønhøj; Bilde, Anders;

    2016-01-01

    The risk of complications warrants treatment of most dislocated nasal fractures. Other injuries including other facial fractures and septal haematoma must be treated if present at the initial presentation. The usual treatment for a simple nasal fracture is closed reduction in local anaesthesia...... after five to seven days. Complicated cases require open reduction in general anaesthesia. Later revision of the deviated nose may become necessary in patients suffering from complications such as persistent nasal stenosis and/or deformity....

  16. Hyppigheden af selvrapporteret alkoholpåvirkning hos tilskadekomme cyklister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, L B; Larsen, Claus Falck; Kain, H;

    1995-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of self reported alcohol influence in injured bicyclists. The study was based upon a combination of data from a questionnaire and recordings from the emergency room. Eighteen percent of cyclists 15 years of age or older treated at the emergency...... room reported themselves influenced by alcohol at the time of accident. The highest injury rate in patients riding under influence was found in the age group 20-29 years, and the proportion of injured cyclists riding under influence was four times higher in males than in females. The lesions sustained...

  17. Forbedret overlevelse hos børn med neuroblastom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Henrik; Wacher, Jeanette; Larsson, Heidi;

    2010-01-01

    children below 15 years of age with neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma who were diagnosed in Denmark between 1981 and 2005. RESULTS: The incidence was 8.68 per million children below 15 years of age (world standard 9.6) and 43.5 per million children below 12 months of age and these incidences have...... three years from diagnosis occurred in only 2% of patients. The median time from relapse to death was three months. CONCLUSION: The survival of children with neuroblastoma in Denmark has increased significantly over the last 25 years. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Oct-4...

  18. Nyre- og urinvejsabnormiteter hos småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, D; Lee, K; Thorup, J M

    1999-01-01

    were diagnosed. From 1994-1996 a total of 35 children younger than two years of age were found to have urological abnormalities. Fourteen patients had a ultrasonographical prenatally diagnosed urological abnormality, which was confirmed postnatally. Twenty-one children were diagnosed with urological...... of urological abnormalities was 0.25% in children younger than two years of age in Frederiksborg county. In conclusion, in 1994-1996 the frequency and pattern of urological abnormalities in Frederiksborg county was in accordance with the figures in the literature. Urological abnormalities requiring treatment...

  19. Perkutan endoskopisk gastrostomisonde hos børn med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barlaug, Mari; Kruse, Aksel; Schrøder, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common in children with cancer. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a well-established method to treat malnutrition. The objective of this study was to describe the complications and efficacy of PEG in paediatric cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between...... and three children received two PEGs. Their median age was 8.9 years (10 months-15 years).The median time for PEG-use was 252 days (13-829 days). 63% of the children experienced a total of 107 complications; the most frequent being inflammation (n=48), leakage of gastric juice (n=27) and mechanical problems...... to the PEG. From the time of placement to the removal of the tube there was a significant (p=0,04) increase in the median weight-for-age SDS of 0,46 (0,02; 0,89). CONCLUSION: PEG is a safe and efficient method to treat malnutrition in paediatric cancer patients. The most frequent complication is inflammation...

  20. Att stärka delaktigheten hos barn med autism på daghem : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Rikberg, Sofie

    2012-01-01

    Idag strävas det efter att barn med lindrigare former av autism så långt som möjligt skall integreras i daghem. På grund av de svårigheter som barnet med autism har löper det risk att bli utanför gemenskapen på daghemmet. Examensarbetet beskriver i form av en litteraturstudie beskriva hur de professionella kan stärka delaktigheten hos barn med autism på daghem och därmed främja möjligheterna till social inklusion. Frågeställningen är följande: Hur kan professionella forma verksamheten på dag...

  1. DCS系统在6HOS-3型往复压缩机上的应用%Application of DCS System in 6HOS-3 Type Reciprocating Compressor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮

    2012-01-01

    为了提高往复压缩机的仪表自动化控制水平,以天然气处理站液化气回收装置引进的6HOS-3型往复压缩机为例,在不改变压缩机控制逻辑的基础上,把DCS系统应用到往复压缩机的参数监控和数据分析上,并取得了很好的效果.%In order to improve the automation control level of the reciprocating compressor instruments, set the introduced 6HOS-3type reciprocating compressor in the natural gas processing station of liquefied petroleum gas recovery device for an example,without changing the control logic,the DCS system is applied to the reciprocating compressor parameter monitoring and data analysis,and the good results are achieved.

  2. HOS3, an ELO-Like Gene, Inhibits Effects of ABA and Implicates a S-1-P/Ceramide Control System for Abiotic Stress Responses in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tanya M. Quist; Irina Sokolchik; Huazhong Shi; Robert J. Joly; Ray A. Bressan; Albino Maggio; Meena Narsimhan; Xia Li

    2009-01-01

    A hyper-osmotically sensitive mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, designated hos3-1 (high expression of osmotically responsive genes), was identified based on its hyper-luminescence of RD29A:LUC promoter fusion plants upon treatment with NaCI and ABA. These responses implicate the disrupted gene as a direct or indirect negative regulator of the RD29A stress-responsive pathway. By sequencing the flanking regions of the T-DNA borders, it was determined that the disrupted gene is at locus At4g36830, annotated as encoding a putative protein with high homology to CIG30 (ELO2/FEN1).CIG30 has been implicated in synthesis of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA), which are essential precursors for sphingolipids and ceramides. Altered stress responses characteristic of ABA-hypersensitivity, including reduced root growth inhibition and reduced germination with ABA treatment and reduced water loss from leaves, were exhibited by allelic hos3-1 and hos3-2 mutants. The hos3-2 mutant is partially suppressed in its transcript abundance and is inherited as a recessive trait. Further, the HOS30RF under the control of the 35SCaMV promoter restored wild-type NaCI- and ABA-root growth sensitivity as well as RD29A:LUC luminescence in mutant plants. We also show here that the HOS3 wild-type gene functionally complements the sensitivity of elo2 and elo3 yeast mutants to monensin. Furthermore, both hos3-1 and hos3-2 alleles shared increased sensitivity to the herbicide Metolachlor, which inhibits acyl chain elongation in synthesis of VLCFA, and HOS3 functionally complemented both elo2 and elo3 and restored levels of VLCFA. Together, these data establish that HOS3 inhibits ABA-mediated stress responses and implicate the VLCFA pathway and products as control points for several aspects of abiotic stress signaling and responses. The results also provide support for a role of ceramide in the control of stomatal behavior.

  3. Development and Validation of Written Exam Items for the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders (AgHOs) Certification Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, A J; Field, W E; Tormoehlen, R; French, B F

    2016-04-01

    Research was conducted to develop and validate a pool of exam items that can be used to test the readiness of youth, ages 14-15 years, to be certified under the current federally mandated Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders (AgHOs). The AgHOs require training prior to employment in agricultural workplaces that the Secretary of Labor has determined are especially hazardous for youth within the prescribed age range. Under the current provisions of the AgHOs certification process, non-exempt youth seeking employment in agriculture are required to pass a written exam concentrating on safe work practices as partial satisfaction to receive certification of eligibility for employment to perform certain tasks. However, the regulations provide little guidance concerning the format of the exam, subject matter to be covered, degree of difficulty, or minimum passing score. As part of the USDA-sponsored Hazardous Occupations Safety Training in Agriculture (HOSTA) initiative, efforts have been made to develop consistent and evidence-based testing methods for disseminating the test protocols to instructors. The goal was to expand, enhance, and maintain the reliability of the exam item pool for the AgHOs certification process. Item development was based on the HOSTA-supported Gearing Up for Safety: Production Agriculture Safety Training for Youth curriculum. To ensure adequate item availability, the current item pool was expanded to include a minimum of two test items for each of the 157 cognitive-based core competencies developed as part of the Gearing Up curriculum design process. Administering 70-item exams that were generated from the item pool to 568 youth, ages 13-18 years, provided evidence of item validity. The result was a pool of 367 validated exam items.

  4. Sprogtilegnelse hos normalthørende og hørehæmmede børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    2011-01-01

    ”Whisper-projekt” ved Center for Børnesprog, Syddansk Universitet, har fokuseret på den tidlige perception af sproglyde hos normalthørende og hørehæmmede danske børn. Her præsenteres resultater indenfor diskrimination (både normalthørende og hørehæmmede), identifikation af sproglyde (normalthørende...

  5. On the Detectability of the X 2A" HSS, HSO, and HOS Radicals in the Interstellar Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortenberry, Ryan C.; Francisco, Joseph S.

    2017-02-01

    {\\tilde{X}}2A\\prime\\prime HSS has yet to be observed in the gas phase in the interstellar medium (ISM). HSS has been observed in cometary material and in high abundance. However, its agglomeration to such bodies or dispersal from them has not been observed. Similarly, HSO and HOS have not been observed in the ISM, either, even though models support their formation from reactions of known sulfur monoxide and hydrogen molecules, among other pathways. Consequently, this work provides high-level, quantum chemical rovibrational spectroscopic constants and vibrational frequencies in order to assist in interstellar searches for these radical molecules. Furthermore, the HSO‑HOS isomerization energy is determined to be 3.63 kcal mol‑1, in line with previous work, and the dipole moment of HOS is 36% larger at 3.87 D than HSO, making the less stable isomer more rotationally intense. Finally, the S‑S bond strength in HSS is shown to be relatively weak at 30% of the typical disulfide bond energy. Consequently, HSS may degrade into SH and sulfur atoms, making any ISM abundance of HSS likely fairly low, as recent interstellar surveys have observed.

  6. Density functional theory and the correlation consistent basis sets: the tight d effect on HSO and HOS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Nick X; Wilson, Angela K

    2005-08-18

    The HSO and HOS isomers have been revisited using the DFT functionals, B3LYP, B3PW91, and PBE, in combination with tight d-augmented correlation consistent basis sets, cc-pV(x+d)Z and aug-cc-pV(x+d)Z for second-row atoms. Structures, vibrationally averaged structures, relative energies, harmonic and anharmonic frequencies, enthalpies of formation of HSO and HOS, and the barrier for the HSO/HOS isomerization have been determined. These results were compared with results from previous DFT and ab initio studies in which the standard correlation consistent basis sets were used. The relative energies of the two isomers converge more rapidly and smoothly with respect to increasing basis set size for the tight d-augmented sets than for the standard basis sets. Our best calculations, B3PW91/aug-cc-pV(5+d)Z, for the relative energy of the isomers are in excellent agreement with previous CCSD(T) results given by Wilson and Dunning.

  7. Utilization of Anti-Pathogenic Microorganism Medicines Used in Pediatric Patients With UPPer ResPiratory Tract In-fection in Our HosPital%小儿急性上呼吸道感染抗病原微生物药物应用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任小娇

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解医院儿科急性上呼吸道感染患者应用抗病原微生物药物情况,促进儿科用药规范化、合理化。方法抽取医院2013年1~12月儿科归档病历中所有急性上呼吸道感染病历,对其年龄分布、入院前用药、抗病毒药物及联用抗菌药物、抗菌药物种类进行分类汇总。结果共抽取病历123份,患儿以1~3岁居多,入院前用药率为91.87%,抗病毒药物选择以炎琥宁为主,联用抗菌药物比例为96.75%,合理率为40.34%,抗菌药物较多应用的为青霉素类及青霉素+酶抑制剂类。结论医院儿科急性上呼吸道感染患者抗病毒药物选择应用较为合理,联用抗菌药物仍旧存在一定问题,应加强合理用药宣传,促进临床用药规范化管理。%Objective Objective It investigates the use of the Anti-pathogenic Microorganism Medicines Used in pedi-atric patients with upper respiratory tract infection so as to stimulate the standardization and rationalization of the use of medi-cines in pediatrics. Methods The case histories of pediatric patients with upper respiratory tract infections from Jan. 2013 to Dec. 2013 in our hospital were randomly selected and the age distribution,use drug by oneself,drug combination,and the kinds of antibacterial drugs were aggregated,and sorted. Results The 123 medical records were selected. It tends to happen in children of 1 ~ 3 years old,and the rate of use drug by oneself was 91. 87% ,the main choice of antiviral drug was yanhuning, the rate of combination application of antimicrobial agents was 96. 75% ,only 40. 34% treatment of illness to achieve rational drug use. The main choice of antibacterial drugs were penicillin and penicillin + enzyme inhibitors. Conclusion The use of an-tiviral drug in pediatric inpatients with upper respiratory tract infection is rational in our hospital,but many problems in antimi-crobial usage existed. It is important to give publicity to safe use

  8. Detection of Disturbances in Voltage Signals for Power Quality Analysis Using HOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira José Luiz R

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a higher-order statistics (HOS-based technique for detecting abnormal conditions in voltage signals. The main advantage introduced by the proposed technique refers to its capability to detect voltage disturbances and their start and end points in a frame whose length corresponds to, at least, samples or of the fundamental component if a sampling rate equal to Hz is considered. This feature allows the detection of disturbances in submultiples or multiples of one-cycle fundamental component if an appropriate sampling rate is considered. From the computational results, one can note that almost all abnormal and normal conditions are correctly detected if s256, 128, 64, 32, and 16 and the SNR is higher than 25 dB. In addition, the proposed technique is compared to a root mean square (rms-based technique, which was recently developed to detect the presence of some voltage events as well as their sources in a frame whose length ranges from up to one-cycle fundamental component. The numerical results reveal that the proposed technique shows an improved performance when applied not only to synthetic data, but also to real one.

  9. Kønsudvikling hos sønner af gartneriansatte kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Raun; Schmidt, Ida Maria; Grandjean, Philippe

    2008-01-01

      Flere pesticider er vist at være hor­mon­for­styr­rende i celle- eller dyreforsøg og epi­de­mio­lo­gi­ske undersøgelser tyder på, at tidlig eks­po­ne­ring for pesticider kan påvirke ud­vik­lingen af for­plantnings- og hor­mon­syste­met hos men­ne­sker. Formålet med denne prospektive under...... før og i star­ten af gra­viditeten arbejdet i områder med pes­ti­cid­anvendelse, mens mødrene til de sid­ste 22 drenge ikke var erhvervsmæssigt eks­­po­ne­ret. Vi fandt flere drenge end for­ven­tet med kryptorkisme (manglende ned­sænk­ning af tes­tiklerne). [1]Desuden havde drenge, hvis mød­re havde...

  10. HOS cell adhesion on TiO2 nanotubes texturized by laser engraving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval Amador, A.; Montañez Supelano, N. D.; Arias, A. M. Vera; Escobar Rivero, P.; Peña Ballesteros, D. Y.

    2017-01-01

    Due to its outstanding properties, the titanium and its alloys have been widely used in the dental and orthopaedic fields as biomaterials. The TiO2 nanotubes surface and the texturized process by laser engraving enables significantly accelerated osteoblast adhesion on the biomaterial. For this reason in this paper, the HOS cell responses on TiO2 nanotubes fabricated on Ti6Al4V alloy and texturized by laser engraving were evaluated. The test surfaces were carried out on smooth Ti6Al4V as control, TiO2 nanotubes (NT) and surfaces with micropoints obtained by laser engraving, with 1mm spacing (NTP1) and 0.5mm (NTP2). The results show that the texturized process enables decreases the contact angle thus improving wettability of the TiO2 nanotubes surface. The NTP1 and NTP2 surfaces show excellent cell adhesion and spreading on the surface, which is evident in epifluorescence microscopy images. Furthermore, the NTP1 and NTP2 surfaces improved the cell proliferation at 18% and 16% respectively in relation with NT surface, showing that the laser texturing improves cell response of TiO2 nanotubes.

  11. Indikationer for anvendelse af PET eller PET/CT hos patienter med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernsdorf, Mogens; Graff, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    PET and PET/CT, using 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose, are not suited for primary diagnostics of small tumours or lymph node metastases to the axilla. In return, the method has a high sensitivity and specificity regarding the detection of loco-regional recurrence and metastases to mediastinal lymph...

  12. Paralyse af nervus peroneus hos patient med Ehlers-Danlos syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Skov, Ole

    2011-01-01

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a hereditary generalized connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility and tissue fragility. Peripheral neuropathy is described sporadically. Although the exact mechanism of the neuropathy is not well-known, excessive...

  13. Effekt af kognitiv stimulationsterapi hos patienter med demenssygdom - en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oksnebjerg, Laila; Waldemar, Gunhild

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive stimulation therapy may be offered to people with dementia, with the purpose of activating and stimulating cognitive and social functions. A Cochrane review has demonstrated consistent evidence that such interventions improve cognition in people with mild to moderate dementia. Data also...

  14. Behandling med dopaminagonister og udvikling af hjerteklapsygdom hos patienter med hyperprolaktinæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, Maria Charlotte; Mægbæk, Merete Lund; Laurberg, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Treatment with dopamin agonists, particularly cabergoline, is the primary and preferred therapy for prolactinomas and symptomatic hyperprolactinaemia due to its effectiveness and tolerability. However, an association has been demonstrated between fibrotic heart valve disease and high-dose dopamin...

  15. Neuro-Behçet hos en kaukasid dansk patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karshena, Ali; Koch-Henriksen, Nils

    2010-01-01

    . The diagnosis of neuro-Behçet can be difficult to establish if the mucocutaneous involvement is incomplete, absent, or unattended. We present an exceptional case of neuro-Behçet in a 38-year-old Caucasian Danish woman. On account of the risk of serious complication, it is important to make the diagnosis as soon...

  16. Fatal hæmofagocytisk lymfohistiocytose og mononukleose hos en patient med colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul Ingvardsen, Charlotte; Ballegaard, Vibe Cecilie; Homøe, Preben

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of Epstein-Barr virus primo infection with the development of lethal haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in a 22 year-old man, who was being treated with azathioprin for colitis ulcerosa. HLH is a rare, life-threatening disease, which is caused by an inappropriate activatio...

  17. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...... by granulomatous panarteritis of the aorta and its major branches....

  18. Epstein-Barr-virus-associeret lymfom hos en patient med colitis ulcerosa i behandling med azathioprin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Kiszka-Kanowitz, Marianne; Albrectsen, Jens Mørch;

    2008-01-01

    A 28 year-old man with ulcerative colitis treated for 10 years with azathioprine (AZA) returned from Central Asia with fever, swollen lymph glands, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. He was tested positive for acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Before the final diagnosis of EBV-associat......A 28 year-old man with ulcerative colitis treated for 10 years with azathioprine (AZA) returned from Central Asia with fever, swollen lymph glands, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. He was tested positive for acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Before the final diagnosis of EBV...

  19. Fatal hæmofagocytisk lymfohistiocytose og mononukleose hos en patient med colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul Ingvardsen, Charlotte; Ballegaard, Vibe Cecilie; Homøe, Preben

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of Epstein-Barr virus primo infection with the development of lethal haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in a 22 year-old man, who was being treated with azathioprin for colitis ulcerosa. HLH is a rare, life-threatening disease, which is caused by an inappropriate activation...

  20. Ukarakteristiske symptomer hos patienter med debut af kolorektal cancer i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jakob Søgaard; Vedsted, Peter

    2012-01-01

    symptomer, og disse omfatter fx lav blodprocent, vekslende afføring, maveproblemer, træthed og vægttab. En kommende screeningskampagne vil identificere en række af disse tumorer tidligere i forløbet, men stadig skal 75 % af alle tyktarmscancere skulle diagnosticeres vha. symptomer og den praktiserende læge...

  1. Graviditetskomplikationer hos en patient med systemisk lupus erythematosus og lupus nefritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Helene; Jacobsen, Søren; Tvede, Niels

    2014-01-01

    A woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis had two pregnancies which both resulted in complications known to be associated with SLE, i.e. late abortion, preterm delivery and pre-eclampsia. We conclude that disease quiescence is important for a successful outcome...

  2. Paclitaxels farmakogenomik hos patienter med kræft i æggestokken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergmann, Troels Korshøj; Mirza, Mansoor Raza; Andersen, Charlotte Brasch;

    Formål og baggrund: Paclitaxel (Taxol®) er et kemoterapeutikum der bruges til behandling af bl.a æggestokkræft. Paclitaxel doseres individuelt (175mg/m2) men alligevel er der klinisk betydende variation i forekomsten af bivirkninger (neurotoksicitet, kvalme/opkast, knoglemarvspåvirkning m...

  3. Diabetisk ketoacidose hos en hiv-positiv patient i antiretroviral behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Malene Rahbek; Hansen, Birgitte Rønde; Røder, Michael E

    2006-01-01

    inhibitors (PI), in particular, has been associated with insulin resistance and hyperglycaemia, but only infrequently with diabetic ketoacidosis. We report a case of diabetic ketoacidosis in an HIV-infected woman after 1(1/2) years of a PI-containing regimen, demonstrating reduced beta cell function...... and insulin resistance. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-Feb-27...

  4. Serumelektrolytter og medikamentel behandling hos patienter indlagt på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, I J; Matzen, L E

    1993-01-01

    . Risk factors for low sodium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, potassium-sparing diuretics, thiazides, emergency hospitalization and low body weight. Risk factors for low potassium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, thiazides...

  5. Brukertilfredshet og livskvalitet hos brukere av elektrisk rullestol : undersøkt med QUEST 2.0 og QOLS - en tverrsnittstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Kateraas, Liv Hege

    2010-01-01

    Formål: Formålet med studien er å undersøke brukertilfredshet hos et utvalg brukere av elektrisk rullestol (N=109). Studien undersøker også sammenhengen mellom brukertilfredshet og livskvalitet hos denne gruppen. Brukertilfredshet blir sett på som et sentralt effektmål. Det er behov for økt kunnskap om brukertilfredshet for å kunne vurdere hjelpemidler som en samfunnsmessig innsats. Teori: Det er tatt utgangspunkt i litteratur som omhandler funksjonshemming, brukertilfredshet, gener...

  6. Antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with liver cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Is there evidence for its use?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Kronborg, Gitte

    2005-01-01

    Bakteriel infektion er en hyppig komplikation hos patienter med levercirrose. En særlig udsat gruppe er patienter, der både har levercirrose og øvre gastrointestinal blødning. Studier har vist, at op til 66% bliver bakterielt inficerede inden for en 14-dages-periode efter blødning. Der er ligeled...

  7. Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) questionnaires for young to middle-aged adults with hip and groin disability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, K; Tijssen, M; Habets, B;

    2015-01-01

    ratings of poor study methodology (23% and 31%, respectively), whereas IHOT-33 and HOS had a somewhat larger distribution (46%). These PROs all contain adequate measurement qualities for content validity (except HOS), test-retest reliability, construct validity, responsiveness and interpretability....... No information or poor quality rating on methodological aspects made it impossible to fully evaluate the remaining PROs at present. CONCLUSIONS: HAGOS, HOS, IHOT-12 and IHOT-33 can be recommended for assessment of young-aged to middle-aged adults with pain related to the hip joint, undergoing non......BACKGROUND/AIM: To recommend Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) questionnaires to measure hip and groin disability in young-aged to middle-aged adults. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in June 2014. The methodological quality of the studies included was determined using the COnsensus...

  8. Comparative studies of genome-wide maps of nucleosomes between deletion mutants of elp3 and hos2 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Matsumoto

    Full Text Available In order to elucidate the influence of histone acetylation upon nucleosomal DNA length and nucleosome position, we compared nucleosome maps of the following three yeast strains; strain BY4741 (control, the elp3 (one of histone acetyltransferase genes deletion mutant, and the hos2 (one of histone deactylase genes deletion mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We sequenced mononucleosomal DNA fragments after treatment with micrococcal nuclease. After mapping the DNA fragments to the genome, we identified the nucleosome positions. We showed that the distributions of the nucleosomal DNA lengths of the control and the hos2 disruptant were similar. On the other hand, the distribution of the nucleosomal DNA lengths of the elp3 disruptant shifted toward shorter than that of the control. It strongly suggests that inhibition of Elp3-induced histone acetylation causes the nucleosomal DNA length reduction. Next, we compared the profiles of nucleosome mapping numbers in gene promoter regions between the control and the disruptant. We detected 24 genes with low conservation level of nucleosome positions in promoters between the control and the elp3 disruptant as well as between the control and the hos2 disruptant. It indicates that both Elp3-induced acetylation and Hos2-induced deacetylation influence the nucleosome positions in the promoters of those 24 genes. Interestingly, in 19 of the 24 genes, the profiles of nucleosome mapping numbers were similar between the two disruptants.

  9. Når alderen indhenter én. Kropslighed, aldring og profession hos gymnasiets idrætslærere. Ph.d. afhandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Når alderen indhenter én – om kropslighed, aldring og profession hos gymnasiets idrætslærere er en ph.d.-afhandling udarbejdet af Mette Krogh Christensen på Institut for Idræt (Afdeling for Historie og Samfundsvidenskab), Københavns Universitet. Afhandlingen handler om, på hvilken måde alder spil...

  10. fau and its ubiquitin-like domain (FUBI) transforms human osteogenic sarcoma (HOS) cells to anchorage-independence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossman, Toby G; Visalli, Melissa A; Komissarova, Elena V

    2003-03-27

    Arsenite is the most likely carcinogenic form of arsenic in the environment. Previously, expression cloning for cDNAs whose overexpression confers arsenite-resistance in Chinese hamster V79 cells identified two genes: fau and a novel gene, asr2. The fau gene encodes a ubiquitin-like protein (here called FUBI) fused to the ribosomal S30 protein. Since the expression of the fox sequence (antisense to fau) increased the tumorigenicity of a mouse sarcoma virus, it was proposed that fau might be a tumor suppressor gene. We intended to test its ability to block arsenite-induced transformation of human osteogenic sarcoma (HOS) cells to anchorage-independence. Instead, we found that overexpressing fau itself was able to transform HOS cells. When the two domains were expressed separately, only FUBI was transforming and only the S30 domain conferred arsenite resistance. An incidental finding was the transforming activity of the selectable marker, hyg. FUBI belongs to the ubiquitin-like protein group that is capable of forming conjugates to other proteins, although none have so far been identified. Alternatively, FUBI may act as a substitute or inhibitor of ubiquitin, to which it is most closely related, or to close ubiquitin-like relatives UCRP, FAT10, and/or Nedd8.

  11. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 2 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-02, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128093)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 02, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  12. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 1 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128072)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 01, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  13. Implementering af ny instruks for forebyggelse af Post Operativ Urin Retention (POUR) i forhold til den hoftealloplastik opererede patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Bettan; Bech Hansen, Anette; Hørdam, Britta

    2013-01-01

    Pro-hip www.prohip.eu har til formål at evidensbasere den rehabiliterende sygepleje til hoftepatienten i forhold til indsatsområderne; ernæring, urinretention/UVI, delir og tryksår. På baggrund af flere erfaringer med forekomst af POUR hos den hoftealloplastik opererede patient på Næstved Hospital...

  14. Reversion effects of curcumin on multidrug resistance of MNNG/HOS human osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo through regulation of P-glycoprotein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SI Meng; ZHAO Jie; LI Xin; TIAN Ji-guang; LI Yong-gang; LI Jian-min

    2013-01-01

    Background P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 1 (ABCB1) gene is a kind of ATP-dependent drug transporter,which plays important roles in multidrug resistance (MDR) of human cancers,such as osteosarcoma.Curcumin is a natural phenolic coloring compound originating from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa,which is proved to possess antitumor biological activities including reversion of MDR.However,the effect and molecular mechanisms of curcumin to osteosarcoma MDR remain unclear.Methods We established a human osteosarcoma drug-resistant cell line MNNG/HOS/MTX by pulse exposure to methotrexate (MTX) and verified that the new cell lines were cross-resistant to other anticancer agents.Then,according to the cytotoxicity assay,we reversed MDR of MNNG/HOS/MTX by 30 μmol/L curcumin,and detected the mechanisms of curcumin reversing MDR through Real-time PCR,Western blotting assay,and Rhodamine123 (Rh123)transport test.Finally,we evaluated the effect of curcumin reversing MDR in vivo by MNNG/HOS/MTX cells xenograft-nude mice model.Results MNNG/HOS/MTX was proved to be a human osteosarcoma MDR cell line.MTT tumor chemosensitivity test indicates that 30 μmol/L curcumin attenuates the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) and resistance index (RI)to MTX,diamminedichloroplatinum (DDP),adriamycin (ADM),ifosfamide (IFO),and epirubicin (EPI) in MNNG/HOS/MTX cells (P <0.05).Real-time PCR and Western blotting assays demonstrated that curcumin down-regulated P-gp expression of MNNG/HOS/MTX cells.Rh123 transport test showed that curcumin inhibited the transport function of P-gp in vitro.In vivo studies showed that curcumin displayed the features of sensitizing antitumor drugs and inhibiting the proliferation,invasion,and metastasis of osteosarcoma MDR cells.Conclusion Down-regulation of P-gp and inhibition of the function of P-gp efflux pump may contribute to MDR reversion induced by curcumin in vitro and in vivo.

  15. Framtida förändringar i konstruktionen hos fordon som en följd av autonoma system

    OpenAIRE

    Didner, Olof; Ingvarsson, Gustaf

    2015-01-01

    Detta är ett kandidatexamensarbete om hur självkörande bilar kan se ut i framtiden. Utgående från dagens bilar och nuvarande autonoma hjälpsystem, samt system som är under utveckling och prototypbilar som företag har, dras slutsatser om hur konstruktionen hos framtida bilar kan skilja sig från idag. För att underlätta detta togs olika krav fram, som kan ställas på självkörande bilar. Dessa krav rör bland annat manövrering, uppsikt runt fordonet, oskyddade trafikanter, olika väderförhållanden ...

  16. The RNA-binding protein HOS5 and serine/arginine-rich proteins RS40 and RS41 participate in miRNA biogenesis in Arabidopsis

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Tao

    2015-07-30

    MicroRNAs are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are generated from primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts with a stem-loop structure. Accuracy of the processing of pri-miRNA into mature miRNA in plants can be enhanced by SERRATE (SE) and HYPONASTIC LEAVES 1 (HYL1). HYL1 activity is regulated by the FIERY2 (FRY2)/RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain phosphatase-like 1 (CPL1). Here, we discover that HIGH OSMOTIC STRESS GENE EXPRESSION 5 (HOS5) and two serine/arginine-rich splicing factors RS40 and RS41, previously shown to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing, affect the biogenesis of a subset of miRNA. These proteins are required for correct miRNA strand selection and the maintenance of miRNA levels. FRY2 dephosphorylates HOS5 whose phosphorylation status affects its subnuclear localization. HOS5 and the RS proteins bind both intronless and intron-containing pri-miRNAs. Importantly, all of these splicing-related factors directly interact with both HYL1 and SE in nuclear splicing speckles. Our results indicate that these splicing factors are directly involved in the biogenesis of a group of miRNA.

  17. The RNA-binding protein HOS5 and serine/arginine-rich proteins RS40 and RS41 participate in miRNA biogenesis in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Cui, Peng; Xiong, Liming

    2015-09-30

    MicroRNAs are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are generated from primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts with a stem-loop structure. Accuracy of the processing of pri-miRNA into mature miRNA in plants can be enhanced by SERRATE (SE) and HYPONASTIC LEAVES 1 (HYL1). HYL1 activity is regulated by the FIERY2 (FRY2)/RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain phosphatase-like 1 (CPL1). Here, we discover that HIGH OSMOTIC STRESS GENE EXPRESSION 5 (HOS5) and two serine/arginine-rich splicing factors RS40 and RS41, previously shown to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing, affect the biogenesis of a subset of miRNA. These proteins are required for correct miRNA strand selection and the maintenance of miRNA levels. FRY2 dephosphorylates HOS5 whose phosphorylation status affects its subnuclear localization. HOS5 and the RS proteins bind both intronless and intron-containing pri-miRNAs. Importantly, all of these splicing-related factors directly interact with both HYL1 and SE in nuclear splicing speckles. Our results indicate that these splicing factors are directly involved in the biogenesis of a group of miRNA.

  18. Low seminal zinc bound to high molecular weight proteins in asthenozoospermic patients: evidence of increased sperm zinc content in oligoasthenozoospermic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpino, A; Siciliano, L; Petroni, M F; De Stefano, C; Aquila, S; Andó, S; Petrone, M F

    1998-01-01

    Total seminal zinc concentration, seminal zinc fraction bound to high molecular weight proteins (HMW-Zn%) and zinc content in spermatozoa were assayed in the ejaculates of 90 asthenozoospermic patients subdivided into two study groups: normoasthenozoospermics (group I: n = 50) and oligoasthenozoospermics (group II: n = 40). The zinc concentrations of patients were compared with those of a control group of donors showing normal semen parameters. All samples were also investigated for their sperm membrane functional integrity by the hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOS). The results showed normal total zinc concentrations but very low HMW-Zn% values (P spermatozoa of oligoasthenozoospermic patients compared to group I and to the control group. Oligoasthenozoospermics also displayed a lower HOS score (P spermatozoa. The higher intrasperm zinc content in these patients could be a reflection of their low sperm membrane functionality.

  19. Could the patient have been seen by a nurse; a questionnaire based survey of GP and patient views in Danish general practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørøxe, Karen Busk; Moth, Grete; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen;

    2013-01-01

    . Forekomst af kronisk sygdom var ikke af betydning for hverken lægers eller patienters vurdering af, om patienten kunne komme til konsultation hos en sygeplejerske. Patienter, som lagde stor vægt på at se deres faste læge (i modsætning til en anden læge), var dog mere tilbøjelige til at afvise konsultation...

  20. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks...

  1. En handlingsmodell för förebyggandet av psykologiska komplikationer hos kvinnor som genomgår avbrytande av havandeskap

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Abstrakt Utvecklingsarbetet ”En handlingsmodell för förebyggandet av psykologiska komplikationer hos kvinnor som genomgår avbrytande av havandeskap”, är en fortsättning på examensarbetet ”Abort - En systematisk översikt av kvinnornas upplevelser och av vårdpersonalens betydelse” som publicerades och presenterades våren 2013. Syftet med utvecklingsarbetet är att producera en handlingsmodell för hälsovårdspersonalen. Handlingsmodellen kommer att ge råd och tips på hur man som hälsovårdspe...

  2. Cannabinoid hyperemesissyndrom som årsag til langvarig kvalme og opkastning hos cannabismisbrugere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vindsand Naver, Astrid; Theede, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome causing prolonged nausea and vomiting in patients with cannabis abuse Cannabis is one of the most used drugs worldwide. The link between repeated episodes of nausea, vomiting, and cannabis abuse is often missed in patients with prolonged cannabis abuse and is named...... cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. Characteristically, the symptoms appear in a cyclical pattern and are relieved by long, hot baths. Physical examination, radiology and endoscopy are often normal. The symptoms resolve with cessation of cannabis abuse. Health professionals must be aware of this syndrome...... in order to detect the patients early and to avoid extensive medical workup....

  3. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia;

    2003-01-01

    with baclofen, tizanidine, dantrolene and/or diazepam. Intrathecal baclofen has therefore been applied in a group of young patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight children and young adults from East Denmark with spasticity and 12 with dystonia aged 3-18 years (median 10.9 years) were tested, operated and treated......INTRODUCTION: Continuous intrathecal baclofen has been used over the past years especially in adult patients with spasticity of spinal origin. Children and young adults with severe spasticity and dystonia of cerebral origin are difficult to treat in spite of optimal systemic antispasmotic therapy...... out of 19 patients, and less pain in 13 out of 19 patients. CONCLUSION: Continuous intrathecal baclofen was effective in treating severe spasticity and dystonia of cerebral origin with major effect on muscles of the lower extremities, pelvis, and back and in particular opisthotonus was relieved...

  4. Omfalitis med fatal udgang hos en nyfødt dreng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Debes, Nanette M M Mol; Dahl, Marianne; Jonsbo, Finn

    2008-01-01

    Omphalitis is a serious condition with important morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. The most commonly involved micro-organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We describe a Danish patient with cellulitis...

  5. Ballonbehandling og koronar bypasskirurgi hos aeldre. Forekomst, komplikationer og mortalitet 1999-2003

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjerrild, Stinne Bennike; Jakobsen, Anne Mette Prammann; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup;

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Persons over 70 years of age are the fastest-growing segment of the population. A major proportion of these elderly have ischemic heart disease and may need treatment. We describe the development of mechanical coronary revascularization in patients aged 70-79 years versus those 80...... years of age or older over a five-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 1999, 2001 and 2003, a total of 774 patients over 70 years of age had coronary angioplasty (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) performed at Odense University Hospital. The patients were separated according to type...... number of coronary revascularizations in the elderly increased. The main reason for this was a marked increment in the use of PCIs and a general increase in the use of revascularizations in patients 80 years of age or older. PCI in the elderly is associated with a lower frequency of complications...

  6. Normal D-dimer ved dyb venøs trombose i en overekstremitet hos to patienter med pacemaker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrne, Christina; Abdulla, Jawdat; Christensen, Jan Kim

    2015-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend the use of D-dimer to exclude deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities. However, guidelines are lacking for DVT in the upper extremities. We describe two young women with transvenous pacemaker electrodes and symptomatic DVT in related veins. Despite a normal...... D-dimer, DVT was verified by colour Doppler ultrasound in both cases. The guidelines of American College of Chest Physicians recommend initial evaluation using colour Doppler ultrasound as front-line examination. Accordingly, we suggest a similar revision of Danish guidelines incorporating upper...... extremity DVT as well....

  7. Svær interstitiel lungesygdom på grund af Infliximab og Azathioprin hos patient med Colitis Ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Koch; Cecere, Stefano; Thøgersen, Thøger

    2014-01-01

    A 41-year-old man developed severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) after treatment with infliximab (IFX) and azathioprine (AZA). A relapse of ulcerative colitis was treated with corticosteroids (CS) and IFX as rescue therapy. Following remission AZA was given as prophylaxis. AZA was initiated...

  8. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g...... of ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  9. Peritoneal tuberkulose hos en tidligere rask 20-årig dansk kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kristina Bjerre; Wejse, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Peritoneal tuberculosis (PT) is very uncommon and presents a diagnostic challenge, especially in women. Patients often present with non-specific symptoms mimicking advanced stage ovarian cancer. In this case a 20-year-old woman without known exposure to tuberculosis presented with abdominal...

  10. Stillingsbetinget rodtryk hos en rygpatient med bensmerter i stående stilling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Bjarke Brandt; Dons, Kjeld; Hansen, Philip;

    2016-01-01

    Six months after L5 hemilaminectomy and discectomy a patient experienced diffuse radiating symptoms to the right leg, especially in the standing position. Conventional supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed some scar tissue in the L5 spinal recess but no signs of nerve root compression...

  11. Tre tilfaelde af visceral leishmaniasis: det ene hos en HIV-positiv mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev, U; Jonsbo, F; Junge, Jette

    1991-01-01

    Three cases of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) are presented. One of these was in a 43-year-old patient with AIDS who was infected in Southern Spain. Another was in a man aged 25 years infected in West Africa. These cases are the first two adults to be reported in Denmark. The third case...

  12. Varierende sygdomsbilleder hos mindre børn med Influenzavirus type A infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, P M; Hornsleth, A; Krasilnikoff, P A

    1992-01-01

    . Eight patients had febrile convulsions, a girl aged nine years had double vision and vertigo and a female infant aged two months had periodic apnoea and bradycardia. The reasons for hospitalization were febrile convulsions, abdominal pain, lower respiratory tract symptoms and high pyrexia....

  13. beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Anne; Main, Katharina Maria; Scheibel, Elma

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Beta-thalassemia major occurs with increasing frequency among Danish children as a result of immigration. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of beta-thalassemia major in Denmark, analyse the treatment and organ functions, and identify areas for an improved treatment...... strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...... were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin

  14. Smerter hos børn og unge med cerebral parese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rastoder, Ema; Brown, Annemette; Reinhardt Pedersen, Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    Although children diagnosed with cerebral palsy have a number of pain triggers (directly from the cerebral palsy, from sequelae and iatrogenic), pain is underdiagnosed. The gap between research and clinical practice is well-known as this group of patients demand special knowledge regarding monito...... monitoring of pain. This article presents various pain-monitoring methods. Combining different methods may improve pain assessment and thereby improve quality of life for children with cerebral palsy....

  15. beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Anne; Main, Katharina Maria; Scheibel, Elma;

    2002-01-01

    strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters....... An earlier and more effective iron chelation therapy together with improved patient support may reduce growth disturbances and endocrine and cardiac late effects. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Dec-2...

  16. Subjektive hukommelsesklager hos aeldre. Er det tegn på demens?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Asmus

    2008-01-01

    Subjective memory complaints are common in older people. They are inconsistently related to current cognitive impairment, but are more consistently correlated to future development of dementia. Subjective memory complaints are also related to depression and personality traits. Many patients...... with dementia have impaired awareness of deficits even in the early stages of dementia and therefore do not complain about memory problems. Reports about impaired memory in older people should lead to diagnostic examination....

  17. Brystrekonstruktion med m. latissimus dorsi er et godt valg hos kvinder med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højvig, Jens B; Bonde, Christian T

    2015-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly used in breast cancer patients who have received radiation therapy. The use of a latissimus dorsi flap is a safe and viable alternative to the use of an abdominal flap. The cosmetic results are excellent but there is need for a better...... understanding of the donor-site morbidity in regard to potential loss of shoulder function. We believe that it is possible to improve the procedure through optimized surgical technique in combination with the implementation and the benefits of fast-track surgery....

  18. Inkomplet Kawasakis syndrom med koronaraneurisme hos et spædbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Rebecca Kofod; Debes, Nanette Mol; Stantchev, Hristo

    2014-01-01

    We report a four-month-old boy with incomplete Kawasaki syndrome. He developed a coronary artery aneurysm. Incomplete Kawasaki syndrome is rare in Denmark, and only reported in five patient cases in the past 25 years. It is difficult to diagnose Kawasaki disease; early diagnosis and treatment...... reduces the risk for cardiac sequel. In lack of diagnostic test, we recommend that the algorithm from the American Heart Association to diagnose incomplete Kawasaki is implemented in Denmark. The algorithm is based on classic clinical features, echocardiography and laboratory findings....

  19. A unique TBX5 microdeletion with microinsertion detected in patient with Holt-Oram syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morine, Mikio; Kohmoto, Tomohiro; Masuda, Kiyoshi; Inagaki, Hidehito; Watanabe, Miki; Naruto, Takuya; Kurahashi, Hiroki; Maeda, Kazuhisa; Imoto, Issei

    2015-12-01

    Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by upper limb and congenital heart defects and caused by numerous germline mutations of TBX5 producing preterminal stop codons. Here, we report on a novel and unusual heterozygous TBX5 microdeletion with microinsertion (microindel) mutation (c.627delinsGTGACTCAGGAAACGCTTTCCTGA), which is predicted to synthesize a truncated TBX5 protein, detected in a sporadic patient with clinical features of HOS prenatally diagnosed by ultrasonography. This uncommon and relatively large inserted sequence contains sequences derived from nearby but not adjacent templates on both sense and antisense strands, suggesting two possible models, which require no repeat sequences, causing this complex microindel through the bypass of large DNA adducts via an error-prone DNA polymerase-mediated translesion synthesis.

  20. Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill event (NODC Accession 0069069)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data were collected aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to the...

  1. Selvstyring af peroral antikoagulationsbehandling hos børn med medfødte hjertesygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Attermann, Jørn; Hjortdal, Vibeke Elisabeth;

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Self-management of oral anticoagulation has been shown to produce a better quality of treatment than conventional management when assessed in selected adults. We have extended the concept of self-management to include children with congenital cardiac disease on the hypothesis...... that it is also possible in this subset of patients. Our aim was to assess the quality of self-management in children with congenital cardiac disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We trained 14 children aged from 2.2 to 15.6 years, with a mean age of 9.7 years, and their parents, in domiciliary analysis...... and their parents expressed full satisfaction with the treatment. DISCUSSION: Self-management of oral anticoagulation provides a good quality of treatment and is safe and feasible in selected children with congenital cardiac disease. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Sep-2...

  2. Hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte – et kontroversielt tema. Erfaringer med nye indikasjoner for fototerapi og utskiftningstransfusjon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alf Meberg

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGNye indikasjoner for behandling av hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte (bilirubinskjema fra Hillingdon sykehus,England ble innført ved Vestfold sentralsykehus primo 1994. Endringene i panoramaet av behandlingstiltak(lysbehandling, utskiftningstransfusjon ble registrert i kohortene av levende fødte ved sykehuset i toårsperioden1994-95 og sammenlignet med foregående treårsperiode 1991-93. Total lysbehandlingsprevalens falt signifikantfra 6,9% av levende fødte i perioden 1991-93 til 5,5% i perioden 1994-95 (p betydelig fall i prevalensen av fullbårne barn som ble lysbehandlet for fysiologisk ikterus, fra 4,3% til 1,6% ihenholdsvis første og siste periode (p steg signifikant fra 2,0% av levende fødte til 3,2% (p økning i prematuritetsinsidensen, som steg fra 4,5% i perioden 1991-93 til 5,9% i perioden 1994-95 (p Andelen premature som ble lysbehandlet steg fra 45,2% i første til 53,1% i siste periode (p av blodgruppeimmuniserte barn som ble lysbehandlet var uforandret i de to periodene (henholdsvis 0,6% og0,7% (p > 0,05. Det var en markert reduksjon i prevalensen av barn som gjennomgikk utskiftningstransfusjon(fra 0,2 til 0,06% henholdsvis i de to periodene (p effekter av lysbehandling til friske fullbårne barn med ikterus, reduseres relativt betydelig med de moderatejusteringer av indikasjonene som er foretatt. Rutineskiftet har også betydd ressurssparing. På landsbasis vil en slikrutineendring medføre at 1000-2000 fullbårne barn hvert år kan unngå lysbehandling. Indikasjonene for fototerapiog utskiftningstransfusjon for hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte i Norge må diskuteres på nytt i lys av ny forskningmed tanke på nasjonal konsensus. Kortere liggetider for nyfødte i sykehus etter fødselen gjør det nødvendig medgode rutiner for oppfølging av hyperbilirubinemi utenfor sykehus.Meberg A. Hyperbilirubinemia – a controversial topic. Experiences with new guidelines for phototherapyand exchange transfusion . Nor J

  3. Patient Delay in Colorectal Cancer Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anette Fischer; Hansen, Rikke P; Vedsted, Peter

    2013-01-01

    , at patienter med kolorektal¬kræft, som har oplevet blødning fra endetarmen, har længere forsinkelser i forløbet (39 dage) end patienter, som ikke har haft dette symptom (15 dage). Tidligere studier har tolket det som et tegn på, at patienter med rektal blødning regner med, at blødningen skyldes godartede...... lidelser. Dette studie finder som noget nyt, at mange patienter med rektal blødning har tænkt mere over kræft i perioden op til første lægebesøg end patienter uden dette symptom. En forkert tolkning af symptomet er altså ikke den eneste forklaring på forsinkelserne i forløbet for denne patientgruppe....... Fundene i studiet åbner for den mulighed, at forsinkelserne hos nogle patienter kan skyldes bekymring for, hvad lægen vil finde, og at de derfor tøver med at konsultere lægen. Denne tøven kan hænge sammen med følelses¬mæssige barrierer, fx at patienten er flov over symptomerne eller frygter forestående...

  4. Influenzavirus hos svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgård, Anders; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Med fundet af H1N1 virus i en cansdisk svinebesætning har den aktuelle humane, influenzaepidemi fået en veterinærvinkel og er rykket tættere på Danmark, mener ekspert fra DTU Veterinærinstituttet.......Med fundet af H1N1 virus i en cansdisk svinebesætning har den aktuelle humane, influenzaepidemi fået en veterinærvinkel og er rykket tættere på Danmark, mener ekspert fra DTU Veterinærinstituttet....

  5. Hypertension hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Elisabeth R; Johansen, Marianne; Kamper, Anne Lise;

    2009-01-01

    There are four major hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. The indications and efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of the different hypertensive disorders are assessed. Advantages...... and disadvantages of different classes of antihypertensive drugs during pregnancy and lactation are described....

  6. Harepest hos jaeger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edfors, Robert; Smith, Birgitte; Lillebaek, Troels

    2010-01-01

    "Rabbit fever" (Francisella Tularensis) is a rare infection in Denmark. It was first described in Denmark in 1987. It is most likely to affect people who come into close contact with infected animals or ticks, such as hunters, butchers and veterinarians. The diagnosis should be suspected in such ......"Rabbit fever" (Francisella Tularensis) is a rare infection in Denmark. It was first described in Denmark in 1987. It is most likely to affect people who come into close contact with infected animals or ticks, such as hunters, butchers and veterinarians. The diagnosis should be suspected...

  7. Pulmonal fedtemboli hos traumepatient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolph, Søren F.; Hansen, Nikolaj Friis; Edström, Birgitte

    2007-01-01

    Pulmonal fedt emboli (PFE) kan ses, når fedt perler udskilles fra fedtholdige væv og emboliserer i den pulmonale mikrovaskulære cirkulation. Tilstanden ses ved frakturer, særligt lukkede frakturer af lange rørknogler, pelvis og costae 1, 2, men også ved massive bløddelsskader 3, 4, ortopædkirurgi......Pulmonal fedt emboli (PFE) kan ses, når fedt perler udskilles fra fedtholdige væv og emboliserer i den pulmonale mikrovaskulære cirkulation. Tilstanden ses ved frakturer, særligt lukkede frakturer af lange rørknogler, pelvis og costae 1, 2, men også ved massive bløddelsskader 3, 4......, ortopædkirurgiske indgreb, samt et række medicinske tilstande. Forløbet er variabelt, oftest godartet, med lette lungesymptomer, men kan være fatalt. PFE er en klinisk eksklusions diagnose - der findes ikke parakliniske metoder til at påvise PFE. Symptomerne er uspecifikke og kan ses ved anden kritisk sygdom. PFE...

  8. Kawasakis syndrom hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Skinhøj, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Kawasaki syndrome (KS), which is febrile systemic vasculitis complicated by coronary aneurysms, was initially described in children, but an increasing number of case-reports address adult-KS. The disease seems to be infectious of origin, but the causative agent has not been established. The debut...... of the disease is abrupt onset of high fever, followed by conjunctivitis, lymphadenopathy, rash, oral mucosal erythema and erythema of palms and soles. The diagnosis of KS is based on the presence of fever of at least four-five days' duration, plus four of the remaining criteria. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Feb-2...

  9. Botulisme hos et spaedbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Allan Bybeck; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Clausen, Marianne Engel

    2010-01-01

    investigation, contaminated food was not found. One particular batch of canned baby food was suspected and recalled from the market, but no contamination was found. The girl had not ingested honey. The condition is rare, but can be very serious and should be kept in mind in cases presenting with the well...

  10. Nogle argumentationsgange hos Habermas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    1985-01-01

    Artiklen forholder sig til væsentlige begreber fra Habermas' teori om den kommunikative handlen.......Artiklen forholder sig til væsentlige begreber fra Habermas' teori om den kommunikative handlen....

  11. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF AETIOLGY OF ANAEMIA IN ADOLOSCENT GIRLS PRESENTING TO A TERITIARY CARE HOS PITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panchasheelan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Anaemia is a very common problem in our country and iron deficiency is the most common cause especially in the adolescent age group o f girls .Auto-immune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA is an acquired type of haemolytic anaemia, ca used by autoantibodies directed against the red cells. We hereby report a cross sectional study of chronic severe anaemia, which presented to our hospital for evaluation.5 patients o f the 36 patients evaluated over a period of 3 months were found to have a haemolytic anaemia.2 patients had beta thalassemia minor and 3 patients had autoimmune haemolytic anaemia with wa rm antibodies. Treatment with prednisolone resulted in significant improvement of t he haematological parameters in these 3 patients along with blood transfusion. Alternative a etiological causes of anaemia should be considered in patients with microcytic hypochromic an aemia for proper management of patients.

  12. Identitetshantering på Facebook : En kvalitativ studie om förhållningssättet till den egna identiteten hos två olika åldersgrupper på vår tids mest offentliga scen

    OpenAIRE

    Kåge, Isabelle

    2010-01-01

    Title: Identity management on Facebook: a qualitative study in approaches to personal identity between two different age groups on the most public stage of our time (Identitetshantering på Facebook: En kvalitativ studie om förhållningssättet till den egna identiteten hos två olika åldersgrupper på vår tids mest offentliga scen). Number of pages: 43. Author: Isabelle Kåge. Tutor: Amelie Hössjer. Course: Media and Communication Studies C. Period: Fall Semester 2010. University: Division of Medi...

  13. Dömda att leva i skuggan : En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd

    OpenAIRE

    Niyonkuru, Elsie Diane

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) är en ärftlig sjukdom som fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt påverkar de drabbade individerna. Okunskap, fördomar och myter om albinism utgör de största orsakerna till den diskriminering som personer med albinism utsatts för särskilt i vissa länder i Afrika söder om Sahara. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd. Metod: En kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats ligger t...

  14. Expression and function of the ACE2/angiotensin(1-7)/Mas axis in osteosarcoma cell lines U-2 OS and MNNG-HOS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ender, Stephan Albrecht; Dallmer, Andrea; Lässig, Florian; Lendeckel, Uwe; Wolke, Carmen

    2014-08-01

    The renin-angiotensin-system (RAS), via its classical angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)/angiotensin II/angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)-axis, is associated with proliferation and metastasis of numerous types of solid tumor. AT1R blockers reduce tumor volume and decrease liver and lung metastasis in murine models of osteosarcoma. Expression and function of the alternative ACE2/Ang(1-7)/Mas axis in osteosarcoma is yet to be studied. In the present study, the basic and interleukin (IL)-1β-stimulated expression of components of this alternative RAS axis were analyzed and the impact of Mas on proliferation and/or migration of U-2 OS and MNNG-HOS osteosarcoma cells was studied. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction revealed that the two cell lines expressed the Ang(1‑7)-generating peptidases ACE2, neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and prolyl-endopeptidase together with the putative receptor for Ang(1-7), Mas. IL-1β provoked an induction of Mas mRNA and protein expression which was associated with a reduction of proliferation and migration. By contrast, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of Mas expression led to increased cell proliferation. In conclusion, osteosarcoma cells express a functional active alternative ACE2/Ang(1-7)/Mas axis. The induction and reinforcement of this axis may be beneficial for the treatment of osteosarcoma by reducing growth and preventing cancer metastasis. These effects may be achieved directly by the administration of Mas agonists or, indirectly, via blocking the classical AngII RAS axis via ACE inhibitors or AT1R antagonists.

  15. Laparoskopi kan anvendes ved behandlingen af atypiske lyskenære hernier hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Søren Michelsen; Friis-Andersen, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Direct and femoral hernias in children are a diagnostic challenge. They are often presumed to be recurrent hernias after open exploration for indirect inguinal hernia. We present three children, who underwent laparoscopic inguinal herniotomy. Two patients had a direct hernia, and one patient had...... a femoral hernia. All three had previously undergone negative open exploration. We argue that negative open exploration should be followed by diagnostic laparoscopy and herniotomy in the same procedure and that inguinal herniotomy in children should be performed in departments with expertise in laparoscopy....

  16. Myokarditis med massivt troponin T-udslip forårsaget af varicella zoster-infektion hos teenager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nystrup, Kristin Brønnum; Stantchev, Hristo

    2014-01-01

    Chickenpox is a common childhood infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Complications are rare. We report on a 15-year-old boy who developed myocarditis during a varicella-zoster infection. The patient presented with severe chest pain, examinations revealed significant ST-elevations in t......Chickenpox is a common childhood infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Complications are rare. We report on a 15-year-old boy who developed myocarditis during a varicella-zoster infection. The patient presented with severe chest pain, examinations revealed significant ST...

  17. Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-09-09 to 2010-09-27 in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill event (NODC Accession 0069071)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data were collected aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-09-09 to 2010-09-27 in response to the Deepwater...

  18. Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-03 in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill event (NODC Accession 0069070)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data were collected aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-03 in response to the Deepwater...

  19. Hyperfibrinolyse som årsag til blødning og øget mortalitet hos traumepatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wikkelsø, Anne Juul; Afshari, Arash; Stensballe, Jakob;

    2011-01-01

    Trauma-associated coagulopathies are at times present upon arrival at the emergency department. Hyperfibrinolysis is a condition in which the natural ability to dissolve blood clots is pathologically enhanced. It is present in 2-8% of trauma patients and associated with shock and increased...

  20. Relevant traume hos en hæmodynamisk stabil patient bør efterfølges af computertomografi trods graviditet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Mads Agerholm; Frederiksen-Møller, Britta; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2012-01-01

    A 37 year-old pregnant woman, gestational age 32 weeks, was involved in a motor vehicle accident. Abdominal ultrasound revealed no pathological findings, and the woman was discharged after 24 hours of observation. Three weeks later a healthy girl was delivered by emergency caesarean section due...

  1. Orthopedic manifestations in patients with muco­polysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome enrolled in the Hunter Outcome Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Link

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II or Hunter syndrome is a rare, inherited disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase. As a result of this deficiency, glycosaminoglycans accumulate in lysosomes in many tissues, leading to progressive multisystemic disease. The cardiopulmonary and neurological problems associated with MPS II have received considerable attention. Orthopedic manifestations are common but not as well characterized. This study aimed to characterize the prevalence and severity of orthopedic manifestations of MPS II and to determine the relationship of these signs and symptoms with cardiovascular, pulmonary and central nervous system involvement. Orthopedic manifestations of MPS II were studied using cross-sectional data from the Hunter Outcome Survey (HOS. The HOS is a global, physician-led, multicenter observational database that collects information on the natural history of MPS II and the long-term safety and effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy. As of January 2009, the HOS contained baseline data on joint range of motion in 124 males with MPS II. In total, 79% of patients had skeletal manifestations (median onset, 3.5 years and 25% had abnormal gait (median onset, 5.4 years. Joint range of motion was restricted for all joints assessed (elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle. Extension was the most severely affected movement: the exception to this was the shoulder. Surgery for orthopedic problems was rare. The presence of orthopedic manifestations was associated with the presence of central nervous system and pulmonary involvement, but not so clearly with cardiovascular involvement. Orthopedic interventions should be considered on an individual-patient basis. Although some orthopedic manifestations associated with MPS II may be managed routinely, a good knowledge of other concurrent organ system involvement is essential. A multidisciplinary approach is required.

  2. Neuromuscular function in patients with Subacromial Impingement Syndrome and clinical assessment of scapular kinematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Camilla Marie

    muskeldele.I det andet studie blev evnen til selektiv aktivering af de individuelle skapulære muskeldele undersøgt hos 15patienter med SIS under en session med og uden visuel biofeedback, sammenlignet med denne evne hos 15raske kontroller. Med udgangspunkt i præ-definerede kriterier for selektiv aktivering...... kontrolpersonerne opnåede selektiv aktiveringaf individuelle skapulære muskeldele, når de ikke modtog visuel biofeedback af muskelaktiviteten af deenkelte muskeldele.I det tredje studie blev der udarbejdet et systematisk review af alle tilgængelige kliniske målemetoder tilvurdering af skapulas position og bevægelse...... den neuromuskulære aktivitet blandt SIS patienter ograske kontrolpersoner ikke fundet. Derimod viste undersøgelsen af den neuromuskulære funktion med og udenbrug af visuel biofeedback, at uden brug af biofeedback havde kontrolgruppen en bedre kontrol af deskapulære muskler. Dog præsterede SIS...

  3. Demenslidelser hos aeldre tyrkiske indvandrere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, Bent; Kristensen, Majken; Schmidt, John

    2008-01-01

    The health condition in a population of elderly Turkish immigrants is investigated with special focus on dementia conditions. The possibility to use the screening test Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) in relation to the investigated population is evaluated as well as their future need...

  4. Behandling af astma hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Akram, Iram; Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli; Johnsen, Claus Rikard

    2016-01-01

    Asthma is one of the most frequent chronic diseases which complicate pregnancy. Well-controlled asthma during pregnancy reduces the risk of for exacerbations and, consequently, the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Pharmacological therapy for pregnant women with asthma is a challenge, not least...... due to suboptimal adherence with controller therapy and pregnant women's concerns about harmful effects of medication on the fetus. This review provides an update on the safety of asthma medication during pregnancy, based on recent clinical studies and international guidelines....

  5. Diagrammer hos Pierce og Deleuze

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busk, Malene

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab......Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab...

  6. Peripartum kardiomyopati hos overvaegtig gravid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kielgast, Urd Lynge; Schierbeck, Louise; Dümcke, Christine;

    2009-01-01

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare, but life-threatening cardiac disorder which complicates pregnancy. However, the classical symptoms of heart failure can be masked - especially in obese women. Here, we present a case report of PPCM complicated with vitamin-D deficiency in a severely obese...

  7. Bloodstream infections among patients using central venous catheters in intensive care units Infección de corriente sanguínea en pacientes con catéter venosos central en unidades de cuidado intensivo Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em unidades de terapia intensiva

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Central Venous Catheters (CVC), widely used in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are important sources of bloodstream infections (BSI). This prospective cohort epidemiological analytical study, aimed to infer the incidence of BSI, the risk factors associated and evaluate the care actions related to the use of these catheters in seven ICU in the Federal District - Brasília, Brazil. From the 630 patients using CVC, 6.4% developed BSI (1.5% directly related to the catheter and 4.9% clinic BSI). The hos...

  8. Fysisk traening som behandling af nedsat funktionsevne hos svage, hjemmeboende 75+ -årige. Et randomiseret interventionsstudie i almen praksis omfattende elementer til en teknologivurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vad, Esther; Worm, Charlotte; Lauritsen, Jens;

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home.......The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home....

  9. Etude structurale des sulfotellurures de terres rares ( LS) 2Te 1+ x ( L = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm et Y). I. Sous-structure de la phase ordonnée de (HoS) 2Te 1,34. Structure de la phase desordonnée de (TbS) 2Te

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghémard, G.; Etienne, J.; Flahaut, J.

    1982-11-01

    The lanthanide sulfotellurides ( LS) 2Te 1+ x (0 ≤ x < 0.50) show order-disorder phenomena. Above 450°C, they crystallize in a partially disordered structure, orthorhombic with cell parameters a, b, and c close to 4.1, 5.2, and 13.6 Å, respectively. This structure is determined from diffractometer data on a (HoS) 2Te 1.34 crystal ( R = 0.061). It is built up along the c axis from ( L4S) tetrahedra layers, separated by Te planes. Disorder and nonstoichiometry are related to the two vacant Te sites.

  10. Træning har positiv effekt på helbredsrelateret livskvalitet hos kræftpatienter i behandling--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønkvist, Camilla Kjær; Højman, Pernille; Gehl, Julie;

    2013-01-01

    and reduces risk of recurrence and mortality from breast- and colon cancer. Considerable efforts go to patient care and rehabilitation, both during and after cancer treatment. This new systematic review implies that exercise programmes should be a central part of rehabilitation for all cancer patients.......Cancer and treatment of cancer affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients. A recent Cochrane review concludes that exercise may have positive effects on HRQoL and several other domains. Other reviews have shown that physical activity may protect against development of cancer...

  11. Pludselig uventet hjertedød hos en 18-årig kvinde med familiær hyperkolesterolæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risgaard, Bjarke; Jabbari, Reza; Bundgaard, Henning;

    2013-01-01

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a well-defined but underdiagnosed dyslipidaemia occurring in 1:500 persons. We report a case where an 18-year-old woman with an untreated FH dies a sudden cardiac death due to acute myocardial infarction. In patients with FH atherosclerotic manifestations...

  12. Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in stroke patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tibaek, Sigrid; Gard, Gunvor; Klarskov, Peter;

    2008-01-01

    AIMS: The aims of this study were primarily to investigate the prevalence, severity and impact on daily life of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in a clinical sample of stroke patients and secondly to identify factors associated with LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, hos......AIMS: The aims of this study were primarily to investigate the prevalence, severity and impact on daily life of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in a clinical sample of stroke patients and secondly to identify factors associated with LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross......-sectional, hospital based survey whereby stroke patients were invited by letter to complete The Danish Prostatic Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) questionnaire at least 1 month following their stroke. Subjects were asked to report the frequency and severity of their symptoms (symptom score) and the impact of each symptom...... on their daily life (bother score) over the previous fortnight. Of 519 stroke patients invited, 482 subjects were eligible. RESULTS: The response rate was 84%. The period prevalence of at least one symptom was 94%; the most frequent symptom was nocturia (76%) followed by urgency (70%) and daytime frequency (59...

  13. Depresjon og andre subjektive helseplager hos pasientar med korsryggsmerter. Har inntak av sjømat og vitamin D-status noko betyding?

    OpenAIRE

    Krogenes, Marianne Leiknes

    2014-01-01

    Background: Vitamin D is found in limited selections of food, among other fatty fish and fish liver, as well as fortified food such as margarine and milk. Other vitamin D sources are dietary supplements and sunlight. Low back pain patients have possibly higher prevalence of subjective health complaints, including musculoskeletal pain and depression, than the general population. Seafood consumption and vitamin D status have been proposed to have an impact on these health complaints. The aim...

  14. Misunderstanding for tumor patients'palliative treatment%肿瘤临床姑息治疗的误区

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵妍丽; 谭榜宪

    2014-01-01

    为提高肿瘤临床的姑息治疗水平,提高患者的生活质量。本文着重对肿瘤患者的生活质量,症状控制,姑息治疗的时机、范围和内容、临终关怀以及疼痛治疗等方面的常见误区进行分析讨论。%To improve the level of palliative treatment,preferably spread palliative treatment and improve the life span and life quality of tumor patients. this article analyzed the common misunderstanding for palliative treatment,es-pecially on the aspects of the life quality,symptom control,palliative treatment opportunity,range and contents,hos-pice care and pain management.

  15. Analysis of 10 126 Cases of Pre-hosPital Emergency Care%10126例院前急救病例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付丽琼; 胡远扬; 林建功; 朱龙华

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解泉州市区院前急救疾病的病种及其特点。方法回顾性分析泉州市急救指挥中心2009年1月至2009年12月救治转送的10126例患者及180例死亡病例。结果院前急救病种排序前五位依次为各种创伤6035(59.58%)、脑血管病907(8.95%)、中毒与损伤621(6.13%)、心血管病446(4.6%)、消化系统423(4.2%)此前五位占全部患者的83.46%,创伤中交通伤占一半以上。结论院前急救在医务人员与设备配置方面应与急救疾病谱的变化相适应,要加强针对医务人员及社会公众进行急救创伤知识、心脑血管疾病等培训,提高急救抢救能力。%Objective To explore the disease entity and its clinical characteristics in the pre-hospital emergency cases. Method A retrospective study of 10 126 patients transferred by Quanzhou Emergency Center and 180 deaths among them between January 2009 and December 2009 was performed. Result The five common disease entities in pre-hospital emergency patients which account for 83.46%of the total amount are:6035 cases of trauma(59.58%),half of which are auto accidents,907 cases of cerebrovascular disease(8.95%),621 cases of poisoning (6.13%),446 cases of cardiovascular disease(4.6%),423 cases of gastrointestinal disease(4.2%). Conclusion It is recommended that the emergency resource such as pre-hospital rescuers and devices should be allocated in accordance with the disease spectrum for pre-hospital emergency care. It is essential to improve the quality of the training about the pre-hospital rescue of trauma and cardiac-cerebral vascular disease to ensure the high performance of pre-hospital emergency care.

  16. Diagnosis and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-ling Tao; Xue-mei Li; Xue-wang Li; Jie Ma; Guang-li Ge; Li-meng Chen; Hang Li; Bao-tong Zhou; Yang Sun; Wen-ling Ye; Qi Miao

    2010-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical features of hemodialysis patients complicated by infective endo-carditis.Methods The clinical features of six such patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hos-pital during the year 1990 to 2009 were analyzed. All of them were diagnosed based on Chinese Children Diagnostic Criteria for Infective Endocarditis.Results The average age of the six patients was 52.3±19.3 years old. Four were males. Vascular ac-cesses at the onset of infective endocarditis were as follows: permanent catheters in three, temporary cathe-ters in two, and arteriovenous fistula in one. Three were found with mitral valve involvement, two with aor-tic valve involvement, and one with both. Five vegetations were found by transthoraeic echocardiography, and one by transesophageal echocardiography. Four had positive blood culture results. The catheters were all removed. Four of the patients were improved by antibiotics treatment, in which two were still on hemodialy-sis in the following 14-24 months and the other two were lost to follow-up. One patient received surgery, but died of heart failure after further hemodialysis for three months. One was well on maintenance hemodi-alysis for three months after surgery.Conclusions Infective endocarditis should be suspected when hemodialysis patients suffer from long-term fever, for which prompt blood culture and transthoracic echocardiography confirmation could be performed. Transesophageal echocardiography could be considered even when transthoracic echocardiogra-phy produces negative findings. With catheters removed, full course of appropriate sensitive antibiotics and surgery if indicated could improve the outcome of chronic hemodialysis patients complicated by infective endocarditis.

  17. Ulnarisneuropati hos fjerkræslagteriarbejder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Susanne Wulff; Juhl, Anne

    2008-01-01

    -25 kg with flexion of the elbow, pronation of the forearm, and ulnar deviation of the wrist. A nerve conduction study indicated ulnar neuropathy just distal to the elbow. Surgery at this level alleviated the symptoms, but shortly after his return to work, he changed jobs because of aggravation...

  18. Hepatitis B hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Kjær, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection is seen in 400 million persons worldwide. HBV is transmitted vertically or horizontally by infected blood and body fluids. An effective vaccine exists. Most children develop a chronic HBV infection if infected early in life. They are often in an immune-tolerant......Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection is seen in 400 million persons worldwide. HBV is transmitted vertically or horizontally by infected blood and body fluids. An effective vaccine exists. Most children develop a chronic HBV infection if infected early in life. They are often in an immune...

  19. Hepatitis C hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Fischler, Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection has a prevalence of 2-3% worldwide. The vertical transmission rate is approximately 5%. There is no evidence to recommend abstinence from breastfeeding or elective C-section to prevent transmission. In children, the natural history of HCV infection is typically...

  20. Komplikationer hos gravide med polycystisk ovariesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolstrup, Johan; Jónsdóttir, Fjóla; Ring, Charlotte Mumm;

    2016-01-01

    Pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of pregnancy-related disorders such as gestational diabetes (GDM), gestational hypertension and preeclampsia in the 2nd and 3rd trimester. In addition, the risk of preterm birth, children who are small and large for gestat...... for gestational age, caesarean section and poorer neonatal outcome seem to be elevated, however with less clear evidence. Except for the screening for GDM, there is no evidence of a benefit of increased surveillance during pregnancy for women with PCOS....

  1. Odontogent myksom i maksillen hos et barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsson, Lina Isabella; Jakobsen, John; Thygesen, Torben H;

    2014-01-01

    exclusively in the maxilla. Orbital involvement is very rare, and to our knowledge reconstruction with a Medpore sheet has not previously been reported. At post-operative follow-up normal eye function and an excellent cosmetic result was observed. OM should be considered in a midfacial mass....

  2. Konstruktionsforberedelse hos Kværner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik; Radmer, Jim

    1997-01-01

    Konstruktionsforberedelse kan parallelt til produktionsforberedelse opfattes som opbygning af beredskab og "iscenesættelse" før det egentlige konstruktionsarbejde gennemføres. Der eksisterer allerede i praksis mange måder til opnåelse af større konstruktionsforberedelsesgrad. Toyota anvender...

  3. Kvinnens overflødighet hos Platon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Nilsen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Superfluity of Women in Plato. In her article «Plato’s problematic women» Kristin Sampson argues that Plato has two different views on women in the Republic and the Timaeus respectively. In the Republic Plato operates with some sort of equality of status between the two genders, at least in the leaders’ and the soldiers’ classes, whereas in the mythology of the Timaeus women are depicted as reincarnations of men who earlier had lived an unmoral and bad life. According to my interpretation, these two views must be seen as two aspects of one common Greek thought or, as Vigdis Songe-Møller puts it, one common Greek dream, «the dream of the women’s superfluity». In the Republic Plato tries to rule out differences between genders by making the women as similar to men as possible, while in the Timaeus he describes them as something completely different from the norm, the man, and actually as a punishment to men with bad moral behaviour, something that society ideally should do without.

  4. Abort hos får

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Jørgen Steen; Fog-Larsen, Anne Marie; Jensen, Tim K.

    2006-01-01

    Forårsages ofte af mikroorganismer, der naturligt forekommer i dyrenes miljø! For at undgå smitte til andre drægtige får bør aborterede fostre og efterbyrden straks fjernes fra folden og moderfåret isoleres....

  5. Type 2-diabetes hos etniske minoriteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zander, Mette; Hansen, Caroline Raun; Koefoed, Birgitte Gade;

    2012-01-01

    In general, type 2 diabetes is more common among immigrants than among the inhabitants with a Western background. The higher prevalence among ethnic minorities is probably due to a complex correlation between genetic factors, diet, exercise, linguistic and cultural obstacles, low birthweight and ...

  6. Demens hos personer med Downs syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, Lise Cronberg; Jørgensen, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    In developed countries the population of elderly people with Down syndrome expands resulting in an increasing incidence of age-related diseases, including dementia. The assessment of dementia in individuals with intellectual disability is often complicated due to large intra-individual variability...... in cognitive functioning prior to dementia and to lack of standardised measures to detect dementia. Structured observations of symptoms of dementia and assessment techniques tailored for people with intellectual disability are increasingly needed....

  7. Demenslidelser hos ældre tyrkiske indvandrere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, B.; Kristensen, M.; Schmidt, J.

    2008-01-01

    were used in diagnosing dementia conditions. RESULTS: We found an increased frequency of dementia conditions (13,3%) compared to the expected prevalence of 7% in the Danish population. Furthermore, we found an increased frequency of diabetes type-2. The use of MMSE as a guideline instrument...... of screening was shown to be applicable only with modifications to persons who were illiterates and without any education, and to those 1st-generation immigrants who were to a limited degree integrated as citizens CONCLUSION: The increased incidence of dementia conditions and diabetes type-2 shows the need...

  8. Propofolinfusionssyndromet hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Tom G

    2005-01-01

    metabolism, resulting in an imbalance between energy demand and utilisation and thus compromising cardiac and peripheral muscle cell function. Propofol should be used with caution for sedation in critically ill children, as well as for long-term anaesthesia in otherwise healthy children, and doses exceeding...

  9. Naturligt forekommende oseltamivirresistens hos influenza A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Laura; Nielsen, Alex; Lundgren, Jens

    2010-01-01

    During the last two influenza seasons, one of the predominant influenza A types (H1N1) has developed complete resistance to oseltamivir, the primary treatment option. The virus does, however, remain sensitive to zanamavir and amantadine. There is no unequivocal explanation for this slide...... in the development of resistance. The best prevention strategy remains vaccination of the general population to avoid immunity. Future antiviral treatment calls for knowledge about resistance to existing types of influenza and the availability of all three types of antiviral medication....

  10. Spiritualitet som coping hos tibetanske torturoverlevere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsass, Peter; Carlsson, Jessica; Husum, Kristian

    2010-01-01

    in India. This study aims to provide evidence of the Tibetan torture survivors' degree of traumatisation and their use of spirituality to overcome their difficult situation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study consists of an assessment and a rehabilitation part. A total of 102 Tibetan torture survivors were...... the crudeness of our methods. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Jan-11...

  11. Forekomst af parodontitis og FORL hos perserkatte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flørnæs, Maria L. Topholm; Lund, Mette; Kortegaard, Hanne Ellen;

    2007-01-01

    I dette studie er omfanget af tandrelaterede sygdomme heriblandt parodontitis og feline odontoklastiske resorptions læsioner (FORL) blandt 19 perserkatte (heraf 2 exotics) på 3 til 9 år undersøgt både klinisk og radiografisk. Ingen af kattene havde tidligere fået renset tænder i anæstesi. Alle...... katte havde gingivitis (blødning ved sondering) på mindst en tand. Alle katte havde klinisk parodontitis på mindst 4 tænder, og det sås oftest i kindtænder. 26& havde svær klinisk parodontitis med klinisk fæstetab > 3 mm. Der sås tendens til højere forekomst af svær klinisk parodontitis med stigende...... alder, og den yngste kat i undersøgelsen med svær klinisk parodontitis var 4 år. Prævalensen for parodontitis vurderet radiologisk (alveolært knogletab) fandtes til 58%, og den yngste kat i undersøgelsen med alveolært knogletab var 3 år. Prævalensen for FORL var 47%, og der sås signifikant flere...

  12. Periacetabulaer osteotomi og hoftedysplasi hos yngre voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsen, Anders; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    The periacetabular osteotomy is recognized as the surgical treatment of choice in young adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The procedure is performed to delay or prevent the development of osteoarthritis. The procedure has the ability to improve function and preserve hip joints in > 80% of ca...

  13. Naturligt forekommende oseltamivirresistens hos influenza A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Laura; Nielsen, Alex; Lundgren, Jens

    2010-01-01

    in the development of resistance. The best prevention strategy remains vaccination of the general population to avoid immunity. Future antiviral treatment calls for knowledge about resistance to existing types of influenza and the availability of all three types of antiviral medication.......During the last two influenza seasons, one of the predominant influenza A types (H1N1) has developed complete resistance to oseltamivir, the primary treatment option. The virus does, however, remain sensitive to zanamavir and amantadine. There is no unequivocal explanation for this slide...

  14. Obstetriske komplikationer hos kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Hartwell, Dorthe; Langhoff-Roos, Jens;

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 5-10% of the women in the reproductive age are afflicted with endometriosis and many become pregnant after fertility treatment. Women with endometriosis seem to have an increased risk of placental complications, bleeding in pregnancy and during labour as well as possible increased r...... risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birthweight. Large epidemiological studies are needed to clarify the magnitude of these risks in order to define the appropriate level of proactive management of pregnant women with endometriosis....

  15. Psykologiske reaktioner hos unge vidner til drab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Sara Bek

    2013-01-01

    Skeletal stem cells confer to bone its innate capacity for regeneration and repair. Bone regeneration strategies seek to harness and enhance this regenerative capacity for the replacement of tissue damaged or lost through congenital defects, trauma, functional/esthetic problems, and a broad range...... of diseases associated with an increasingly aged population. This review describes the state of the field and current steps to translate and apply skeletal stem cell biology in the clinic and the problems therein. Challenges are described along with key strategies including the isolation and ex vivo expansion...

  16. Nekrotiserende fasciitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Gjessing; Kristensen, Kim

    2009-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious condition with infection of the muscular fascia causing rapidly spreading necrosis. NF rarely affects children, and we here report two paediatric cases of NF. The first developed NF after a joint puncture, the other after surgical extirpation of a lymph node...

  17. Laryngeal sarkoidose hos 13-årig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlow, Louise Buchreitz; Rasmussen, Niels

    2010-01-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown pathogenesis. It can affect numerous organs but most commonly involves the respiratory tract. On rare occasions it only involves the larynx. We describe a case of isolated laryngeal sarcoidosis in a teenage girl with symptoms of hoarseness......, snoring and dyspnoea. The diagnosis was supported by detection of granulomatous inflammation in a laryngeal biopsy. She was successfully treated by surgical excision of the granulomatous swellings of the arytenoids and epiglottis combined with inhaled corticosteroids....

  18. Type 2-diabetes hos etniske minoriteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zander, Mette; Hansen, Caroline Raun; Koefoed, Birgitte Gade

    2012-01-01

    In general, type 2 diabetes is more common among immigrants than among the inhabitants with a Western background. The higher prevalence among ethnic minorities is probably due to a complex correlation between genetic factors, diet, exercise, linguistic and cultural obstacles, low birthweight...

  19. Utopi og rejse hos Jens Baggesen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandberg, A.

    2007-01-01

    En analyse af, hvordan det kosmopolitiske oplysningsideal ændrer sig fra Jens Baggesens dansksprogede rejseskildring Labyrinten til hans tysksprogede epos Oceania i lyset af den begyndende nationalisme. Udgivelsesdato: Jahrgang 28......En analyse af, hvordan det kosmopolitiske oplysningsideal ændrer sig fra Jens Baggesens dansksprogede rejseskildring Labyrinten til hans tysksprogede epos Oceania i lyset af den begyndende nationalisme. Udgivelsesdato: Jahrgang 28...

  20. Fritids- og sportsaktiviteter hos yngre pacemakerpatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Petersen, J

    1989-01-01

    : Badminton (3), bicycle-riding (6), firefighting (1), fishing (3), golf (2), gymnastics (3), handball (1), hunting (4), riding (1), running/jogging (4), sailing (5), shooting (2), skiing (3), soccer (5), swimming (1), theatre (1), chorus (1), and tennis (2). No significant changes in the levels of activity...

  1. Primaer psoasabsces hos en ung rask mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nassehi, Damoun; Galbo, Henrik; Skovsgaard, Flemming

    2008-01-01

    A young male saw his general practitioner because of lower back pain, limpness, nightly sweating, subfebrilia, and weight loss. Further diagnostics showed that he had a primary psoas abscess. Psoas abscesses are categorized as primary and secondary. Primary psoas abscess is a rare disease in Europe...... and North America. It is primarily seen in young men, and the classical symptom-triad is: fever, back pain, and limpness. The golden standard diagnostic tool is computed tomography, and treatment involves appropriate antibiotics, which can be combined with percutaneous drainage....

  2. Kirurgisk behandling af urininkontinens hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammendrup, A.C.; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Sander, Pia;

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: During the last decade, minimal invasive procedures have been introduced for treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women leading to shorter hospitalisation and fewer complications. The aim of this study was to outline clinical practice and attitudes among Danish UI surgeons. MAT...

  3. Erhvervsbetinget eksem hos fynske gartnere og gartnerimedhjaelpere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, E; Søgaard, J; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    1998-01-01

    The aims of the study were to assess the prevalence of and association between occupational dermatitis and possible risk factors in gardeners and greenhouse workers living on Funen, describe the distribution of different types of eczema and detect the allergens most commonly involved. A cross-sec...

  4. Botulisme hos spaedbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Thomas; Mølbak, Kåre; Paerregaard, Anders

    2010-01-01

    of voluntary muscles. Presenting symptoms include constipation, lethargy, mydriasis and ptosis. The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical examination and confirmed by isolating the toxin in serum or stools. Treatment consists of supportive intensive care and treatment with antitoxins....

  5. Intervertebral diskitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benhassen, Leila Louise; Balslev, Thomas; Gammelgaard, Lise;

    2016-01-01

    Intervertebral discitis is a rare disorder which is easily missed. It presents with non-specific symptoms such as irritability, abdominal pain, decreased appetite and limping. The infection parameters can be normal, and blood cultures are often negative. The pathogenesis is not established...... but infectious, and inflammatory aetiologies have been suggested. Diagnostic golden standard is magnetic resonance imaging. The treatment is immobilization, anti-inflammatory drugs and often antibiotics. Early treatment is important to reduce the risk of complications such as nerve damage and spine fusion....

  6. Hodepine hos pasienter som opereres i nakken

    OpenAIRE

    Byhrø, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Cervicogenic headache (CEH) is a headache by pain starting in the neck radiating forward to the ipsilateral oculo-fronto-temporal area. It can be unilateral or bilateral. The head pain is constant and is often followed by sensory symptoms in the arm on the side of the headache. There can be blurring of vision. Headache is brought on or worsened by movements of neck. There has been much debate on definitions and headache from the neck has many names. The first set of criteria (1) are clinical...

  7. Diffus lungesygdom hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchvald, Frederik; Nielsen, Kim G

    2014-01-01

    with a recent paediatric classification have improved our understanding of these disorders. The workup, diagnosis and management of these rare paediatric pulmonary diseases are difficult and require centralised, interdisciplinary team approach in experienced paediatric pulmonary centres....

  8. Addisons sygdom hos femårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smedegaard, Heidi; Jensen, Rikke Beck; Holm, Kirsten

    2010-01-01

    This case-report presents a 5-year-old girl with gastrointestinal symptoms, who became increasingly confused over the last day before admission. She was believed to be in septic shock or have meningitis and was treated with normal saline infusion, glucocorticoid and antibiotics intravenously. A few...

  9. Kronisk hoste hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grarup, Pernille Abildgaard; Pedersen, Juri Lindy

    2015-01-01

    Cough in children is a common problem of various aetiologies. In the presence of specific findings diagnostics may be easy, but often the symptoms are few and unclear. Management involves specific diagnosing and it should be considered if the cough is acute, prolonged or chronic. The diagnosis de...

  10. Topos og trope hos Josefine Klougart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen handler om sted og metafor, topos og trope, i Josefine Klougarts debutroman Stigninger og Fald (2010), med udblik til de to efterfølgende romaner Hallerne (2011) og En af os sover (2012). Det er tesen at de tre romaner har hver deres markante topografi, forstået som strukturen både i de...

  11. Smitteopsporing efter fund af lungetuberkulose hos flyrejsende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynggaard, Charlotte Duch; Eriksen, Nina Marie Birk; Andersen, Peter Henrik;

    2011-01-01

    During international air travel individuals stay in a closed environment which might lead to a risk of transmission of respiratory infectious diseases such as tuberculosis carried by infectious travellers. Tracing exposed passengers requires international cooperation and assistance from relevant ...

  12. Sundhedsloven og sundhedsydelser hos udokumenterede migranter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabenhus, Rune Munck; Hallas, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Health-care workers may experience uncertainty regarding legal matters when attending to medical needs of undocumented migrants. This paper applies a pragmatic focus when addressing the legal aspects involved in providing health-care services to undocumented migrants with examples from the Danish...... Health Act and international conventions. The delivery of medical care to vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and children is described....

  13. Eosinofil cystitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvist, Peter Kolja; Cortes, Dina; Visfeldt, J

    1999-01-01

    Eosinophilic cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the urinary bladder, characterised by irritative voiding symptoms, negative urine cultures, and eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Since 1960 only about 20 cases have been described in the English scientific reports, making it a rat......Eosinophilic cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the urinary bladder, characterised by irritative voiding symptoms, negative urine cultures, and eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Since 1960 only about 20 cases have been described in the English scientific reports, making...... it a rather rare entity. In children the disease appears to be shortlived and self-limited, requiring no specific treatment. We present a case with a 7.5-year-old boy, who experienced spontaneous remission of all symptoms, following an acute attack of eosinophilic cystitis....

  14. Lungeinfektioner er hyppige hos ældre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laut, Kamilla Grønborg; Benfield, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    There are over 20,000 hospital admissions for pneumonia annually in Denmark. The incidence of pneumonia increases with age, functional impairment and co-morbidity. In fact, 60% of admissions occur among persons 65 years or older. The public health burden is expected to increase because this popul......, smoking cessation, mobilization and oral hygiene....

  15. Autoinflammatoriske knoglesygdomme hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Agnes Ziobrowska; Herlin, Troels

    2014-01-01

    Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory disease with unpredictable, painful courses of osteolytic lesions in the bones. CNO is frequently associated with psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease. In cases with multifocal lesions the term chronic recurrent multifocal osteo...... osteomyelitis (CRMO) is preferably used. SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis palmoplantaris, hyperostosis and osteitis) syndrome is regarded as CRMO in adults. New knowledge of the hereditary forms like Majeed syndrome, deficiency of IL-1-receptor antagonist and cherubism is described....

  16. Problemer med primakin-recidivprofylakse hos malariapatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønn, A M; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1993-01-01

    Standard treatment of P. ovale and P. vivax malaria is 1500 mg of chloroquine base given over three days followed by 15 mg of primaquine base daily for 14 days. At the Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen an increasing number of cases of relative by primaquine-resistant m......Standard treatment of P. ovale and P. vivax malaria is 1500 mg of chloroquine base given over three days followed by 15 mg of primaquine base daily for 14 days. At the Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen an increasing number of cases of relative by primaquine...

  17. Durability of shrink joints; Bestaendighet hos krympskarvar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forsaeus Nilsson, Stefan; Saellberg, Sven-Erik

    2007-07-01

    About one third of all joint failures are caused by shrink seals losing adhesion, according to statistics from the Swedish District Heating Association. The present project was initiated upon request from the Authorisation Board of the Swedish District Heating Association in order to investigate the potential to enhance the quality of shrink joints. The purpose has been to provide a screening of the key properties of the joint systems currently available on the market. The aim has been to facilitate the choice of right materials and constructions to achieve the best functionality and cost effectiveness. The project has comprised a compilation of the views from industry representatives from manufacturers of shrink and sealing materials, pipe producers, joint contractors and district heating companies, and an experimental study where a number of joints were evaluated with respect to tightness and strength. The following joint systems took part in the investigation: Logstor SX; Canusa SuperCase; Raychem RayJoint; Powerpipe DTK with external seal Nitto NeoCover 1150 in one end and Raychem TPSM in the other; Logstor B2S med external seal Canusa KLD in one end and Raychem TPSM in the other. The joints were installed on pipes of diameters 160 mm and 450 mm. The installation was done under cold and dirty conditions, to simulate a field like worst-case scenario. After the installation, the joints were tested with respect to tightness. Peel strength and shear strength were evaluated before and after thermal ageing in +50 deg C for 70 days. Mechanical tests and ageing followed standardised procedure in EN 12068. A study of the shrink force relaxation in crosslinked and non-crosslinked polyethylene shrink sleeves was undertaken, by shrinking them onto aluminium cylinders and storing them in room temperature for about 2000 hours. The results show that it is clearly possible to install excellent shrink joints also under difficult conditions. In addition, thermal ageing does not automatically lead to any dramatic changes in material properties. Of the tested variants, all but one was completely tight and the mechanical strength levels were in line with what the manufacturers state in their data sheets for most of the joints. The measured shrink forces show that relaxation is not a big problem. The material in the joint sleeve will continue to strive towards it non-expanded state of equilibrium, and for the non-crosslinked samples, this actually resulted in an increase in shrink force over time. Since the materials and constructions do work, one may indirectly conclude that the problems are mainly caused by the installation, which, in turn, is likely to a large extent a consequence of difficult working conditions and demanding installation procedures. According to experience, the sealing materials are decisive for the ease of installation. From the fitter's point of view, the sealing material should be soft (more forgiving) and fibre reinforced (easier to handle) and it should come in wide strips (easier to apply). When it comes to sleeves, the shrinking work is faster with crosslinked material (PEX). An important observation is also that sleeves with built-in sealant and/or adhesive are harder to keep clean at the work site. Hence, the most important thing is that the installation is done in a proper manner and that appropriate conditions for the fitter to achieve this is provided at the work site. It is hard to single out the best or the worst joint system, but some recommendations may be given: Remember to depressurise the joint during shrinking to avoid unnecessary pressure loads on the seal. Use a sleeve of crosslinked polyethylene if a fast installation is important. If non-crosslinked sleeves are used, choose a double expanded variant. Use a sealing material with easy handling and forgiving characteristics, e.g., the type used for Nitto NeoCover or Raychem TPSM. If extra strength is needed, use a stronger sealant, such as, e.g., a mastic/hotmelt mix such as that used in Canusa KLD. Please note, though, that high strength does not automatically imply good tightness

  18. Host impairments in patients with neoplastic diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Donnelly, J.P.; Blijlevens, N.M.A.; Velden, W.J.F.M. van der

    2014-01-01

    Healthy individuals possess an immune system comprising physical barriers, innate and acquired immunity as well as the indigenous microflora that populate the body surfaces. The immune system maintains constant vigilance over the body at the cellular level as well as at the interface between the hos

  19. Risk factors for chronic renal failure in Ivory coast: A prospective study of 280 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ackoundou-N′Guessan K

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic renal failure (CRF represents the major cause of mortality in the nephro-logy unit in Ivory Coast because the means for appropriate management are lacking. The present study was performed to investigate the risk factors for CRF so that strategies for prevention could be elaborated. A case-control study was performed prospectively at the Yopougon Teaching Hos-pital in Abidjan from January 2006 to December 2006. Factors known to cause CRF were investigated in patients and controls. Their prevalence rates were compared with the general population. A total of 280 patients and 113 controls were recruited. The mean age of the patients was 37.88 ± 13.33 years and that of the controls was 41.5 ± 9.72 years. Both genders were equally represented. The main causes of CRF were chronic glomerulonephritis (47.48%, with HIV infec-tion accounting for 15% of them, and essential hypertension (HTA (25%. Essential HTA repre-sented the only factor which, if untreated, inevitably leads to CRF. Thus, our study indicates that HTA is a major public health concern. All efforts should be implemented to reduce the high prevalence of HTA and the deleterious effect of this disorder in Ivory Coast.

  20. Nursing care of patients with dermatomyositis complicated with interstitial pneumonia%皮肌炎合并间质性肺炎病人的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梓力

    2016-01-01

    Objective To exPlore the nursing for Patients with dermatomyositis with interstitial Pneumonia. Methods Selection in our hosPital in October 2010 - SePtember 2013 of the 27 cases of dermatomyositis with interstitial Pneumonia Patients as the research object, the nursing staff to conduct a comPrehensive and effective nursing care of Patients. And the curative effect and nursing exPerience for effective observation and summary. Results All Patients, 24 Patients with effective with effective rate of 88.89%, better control of the disease to hosPital discharge, there are 1 case due to resPiratory failure and death, 1 case to give uP treatment. Conclusion To symPtomatic Patients with dermatomyositis with interstitial Pneumonia and effective nursing care, can carry on the effective control to the Patient, make its faster recovery.%目的:探究皮肌炎合并间质性肺炎患者的护理体会。方法选取本院2010年10月至2013年9月收治的27例皮肌炎合并间质性肺炎患者作为研究对象,护理人员对患者进行全面与有效的护理。并对其疗效与护理体会进行有效的观察与总结。结果全部患者治疗有效的有24例,有效率为88.89%,对病情的控制较好从而出院,有1例由于出现呼吸衰竭而死亡,1例自行放弃治疗。结论对皮肌炎合并间质性肺炎患者进行对症与有效的护理,能够对患者的病情进行有效的控制,使其较快的康复。

  1. A Study on Cholesterol,Triglyceride,and Total Lipid in 100 Patients Suffering from Myocardial Infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. MAHDAVI

    1980-07-01

    Full Text Available 100 patients s uffering f rom myocardial i n f a r cti on we r e t ested i n various hos p itals, f o r cho l ester o l , t r iglyceride , and t otal lipid ."nMethod s f or choleste r o l , triglyce ride a nd total lipid tests , as wel l as the ir norma l ranges e xpl ained . Spe cifi cations of pa t i ents were compi l e d a s f a r as poss ible and i n Table No.1, a comparison has be en g i ven on the number of addi cts , t h e t ype o f add i c tion , as well a s the s e x of patients. In Table No.2, the r e s ult o f test s on 100 pati ents ob jec t o f ou r s tudy , a r e compared wi t h e ach o t he r and conc lus ion has been drawn . In the l ast part , a general d i scuss ion has be e n made on l i p ids .

  2. Effect of Advanced Trauma Life Support program on medical interns' performance in simulated trauma patient management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadi Koorosh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: Since appropriate and time-table methods in trauma care have an important impact on patients’ outcome, we evaluated the effect of Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS program on medical interns' performance in simulated trauma patient management. Methods: A descriptive and analytical study before and after the training was conducted on 24 randomly se-lected undergraduate medical interns from Imam Reza Hos-pital in Mashhad, Iran. On the first day, we assessed in-terns' clinical knowledge and their practical skill performance in confronting simulated trauma patients. After 2 days of ATLS training, we performed the same study and evaluated their score again on the fourth day. The two findings, pre-and post- ATLS periods, were compared through SPSS ver-sion 15.0 software. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Our findings showed that interns’ ability in all the three tasks improved after the training course. On the fourth day after training, there was a statistically significant increase in interns' clinical knowledge of ATLS procedures, the sequence of procedures and skill performance in trauma situations (P<0.001, P=0.016 and P=0.01 respectively. Conclusion: ATLS course has an important role in increasing clinical knowledge and practical skill performance of trauma care in medical interns. Key words: Advanced Trauma Life Support Care; Knowledge; Inservice training; Wounds and injuries

  3. FibroScan i evalueringen av sykdomsprogresjon hos pasienter med primær biliær cirrhose. : Sammenlikning med ikke-invasive biokjemiske markører og symptomscore.

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Aim: To examine if patients with Primary Biliary Cirrhosis progress in liver fibrosis despite treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UrsoFalk), and to study correlations between liver fibrosis measured by transient elastography (FibroScan) and biochemical markers of fibrosis. Methods: We invited 24 patients with PBC to a study consultation containing blood samples, FibroScan examination and interview. We also collected information from the patients´ files. Results: We included 16 ...

  4. Changes in the structural and biochemical composition of the arterial wall in type 2 diabetes patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam Preil, Simone

    nedbrydningen. Flere studier har vist, at rygning påvirker den arterielle stivhed, mens andre studier peger mod, at cystein proteasen calpian-1 øger mængden af matrix metalloproteinasen 2 (MMP-2), som nedbryder bl.a. elastin. Vores hypotese i studie III gik både ud på, at calpain-1 kunne være forøget hos...... patienter med type 2 diabetes, hvorved den vil føre til forøget kollagen indhold, forøget MMP-2 og reduceret elastin i arterierne, og at rygning kunne have en indvirkning på mængden af disse molekyler. Niveauet af MMP-2, calpain-1 og actin α smooth muscle blev målt ved hjælp af western blotting i mammaria...... ikke påvirkede mængden af calpain-1, MMP-2, desmosine og hydroxyproline i den human arterie væg, mens mængden af desmosine var nedsat i arterier fra ryger og tidligere rygere sammenlignet med ikke rygere. Et andet protein der ligeledes er involveret i den strukturelle sammensætning af arterievæggen er...

  5. 青少年特发性脊柱侧凸患者存在异常的脊柱骨盆生长发育模式%Abnormal growth of spine in patients with adolescent idiopathic thoracic scoliosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍虹达; 刘臻; 邱勇; 朱锋; 朱泽章; 张文

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate if the growth patterns of the spine and pelvis are consistent in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with single thoracic curves.Methods Forty-eight thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (T-AIS) female patients and 48 heahhy age-matched adolescents were recruited consecutively between December 2011 and October 2012.Radiographic parameters including height of spine (HOS),length of spine (LOS),height of thoracic spine (HOT),length of thoracic spine (LOT),height of pelvis(HOP),width of pelvis (WOP) and width of thorax (WOT) were measured on the longcassete posteroanterior standing radiographs.In addition,ratios including HOS/HOP,LOS/HOP,HOT/HOP,LOT/HOP,LOS/LOT,WOT/WOP were also calculated.Independent t-test was performed to compare the radiographic parameters and ratios between the two groups.Results Compared to the agematched healthy adolescents,T-AIS patients had a significantly higher LOS and LOT (t =-2.364 and -1.495,P=0.020 and 0.043) and smaller HOS and HOT (t =2.060 and 3.359,P =0.042 and 0.001).Yet,all of HOP,WOP and WOT showed no significant difference between T-AIS patients and healthy adolescents.Similarly,LOS/HOP and LOT/HOP were significantly higher in T-AIS patients as may be expected with an average LOS/HOP of 2.26 ±0.14 in normal controls.In addition,LOS/LOT in normal controls had a trend of increase with age which was different from the stable LOS/LOT in T-AIS patients,indicating an increased growth of thoracic vertebra compared to lumbar vertebra.Conclusions Compared to the age-matched healthy adolescents,T-AIS patients have an abnormal growth characteristics with longer spine.The growth of pelvis and thorax show no significant differences between T-AIS patients and healthy adolescents.%目的 比较单胸弯青少年特发性脊柱侧凸(T-AIS)患者与同龄健康青少年脊柱骨盆生长发育模式情况.方法 研究对象包括2011年12月至2012年10月就诊的48例女性T-AIS患者(T-AIS组)和48例

  6. New osmium cluster compounds containing the heterocyclic ligand 2,3-bis-(diphenylphosphino)quinoxaline (dppq): Ligand isomerization and crystal structures of dppq, the isomeric clusters Os3(CO)10(dppq), and HOs3(CO)9[ -2,3-PhP(h1-C6H4)(Ph2P)quinoxaline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunt, Sean W [University of North Texas; Yang, Li [University of North Texas; Wang, Xiaoping [ORNL; Richmond, Michael G. [University of North Texas

    2011-01-01

    Treatment of the labile cluster 1,2-Os{sub 3}(CO){sub 10}(MeCN){sub 2} (1) with the diphosphine ligand 2,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)quinoxaline (dppq) at room temperature affords 1,2-Os{sub 3}(CO){sub 10}(dppq) (2b) as the kinetic product of ligand substitution in 84% yield. 2b isomerizes to the thermodynamically more stable dppq-chelated cluster 1,1-Os{sub 3}(CO){sub 10}(dppq) (2c) as the sole observable product under CO at temperatures below 358 K. The kinetics for the conversion of 2b {yields} 2c have been investigated by NMR spectroscopy in CDCl{sub 3} over the temperature range 323-353 K, and the reaction was found to exhibit a rate law that is first order in 2b. The calculated activation parameters [{Delta}H{sup {ne}} = 25.4(4) kcal/mol; {Delta}S{sup {ne}} = -3(1) eu] support an intramolecular isomerization scenario, one that involves the migration of phosphine and CO groups about the cluster polyhedron. The disposition of the dppq ligand in the isomeric Os{sub 3}(CO){sub 10}(dppq) clusters has been established by X-ray crystallography and {sup 31}P NMR spectroscopy. Photolysis of 2c at 366 nm leads to CO loss and ortho metalation of one of the aryl groups on the Ph{sub 2}P moiety to furnish the hydride cluster HOs{sub 3}(CO){sub 9}[{mu}-PhP({eta}{sup 1}-C{sub 6}H{sub 4})(Ph{sub 2}P)quinoxaline] (3). The isomerization behavior exhibited by 2b follows that of related diphosphine-substituted Os{sub 3} clusters prepared by us.

  7. Disproportionate growth between the spine and pelvis in patients with thoracic adolescent scoliosis: a new look into the pattern's growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, H; Liu, Z; Yan, P; Qiu, Y; Zhu, F

    2015-12-01

    A self-control ratio, the spine-pelvis index (SPI), was proposed for the assessment of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in this study. The aim was to evaluate the disproportionate growth between the spine and pelvis in these patients using SPI. A total of 64 female patients with thoracic AIS were randomly enrolled between December 2010 and October 2012 (mean age 13 years, standard deviation (sd) 2.17; 9 to 18) and a further 73 healthy female patients with a mean age of 12.4 years (mean age 12.4 years, sd 2.24; 9 to 18), were randomly selected from a normal control database at our centre. The radiographic parameters measured included length of spine (LOS), height of spine (HOS), length of thoracic vertebrae (LOT), height of thoracic vertebrae (HOT), width of pelvis (WOP), height of pelvis (HOP) and width of thorax (WOT). SPI was defined as the ratio LOS/HOP. The SPI and LOT/HOP in patients with AIS showed a significant increase when compared with normal girls (p pelvis in patients with AIS. No significant difference in SPI was found in different age groups in the control group, making the SPI an age-independent parameter with a mean value of 2.219 (2.164 to 2.239). We also found that the SPI was not related to maturity in the control group. This study, for the first time, used a self-control ratio to confirm the disproportionate patterns of growth of the spine and pelvis in patients with thoracic AIS, highlighting that the SPI is not affected by age or maturity.

  8. Patient - patient interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkelund, Regner; Søndergaard Larsen, Lene

    2013-01-01

    Aim:  The aim of this study is to provide an understanding of the significance of hospitalized patients’ interpersonal interaction with fellow patients in an infectious disease ward in a large Danish hospital. Method:  A qualitative approach was selected using participant observation and semi...... subcategories representing significance of patients’ interaction with fellow patients. Results:  The qualitative analysis resulted in two main categories: (i) Caring for fellow patients and (ii) Sharing illness information with fellow patients. Each of the main categories was elucidated through several...... subcategories. Our findings clearly showed that interpersonal interaction with fellow patients was of utmost importance when it came to care and support and when they needed information about their illness. Typically, the interpersonal interaction was experienced as giving and referred to in positive terms...

  9. Evaluation of Retention in Methadone Treatment in Patients Attending Baharan Hospital Clinic in Zahedan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.D. Mohebi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objectives: Substance abuse and opioid dependency refers to hazardous use of psychoactive substance .Prevention and treatment of opiate dependence has not been success-ful. Most effective drug in agonist treatment of opiates is methadone maintenance therapy (MMT.But the lack of cooperation of addicts in methadone maintenance therapy has always been a big problem to continue. The purpose of this study is to investigate the retention in the MMT. Materials & Methods: This historical cohort study analyzed the medical records of patients of Baharan hospital in Zahedan. All 912 cases of methadone maintenance clinic of Baharan hos-pital in Zahedan 2011-2012 were studied and the data were analyzed using SPSS. Tables and indexes were analyzed by the Chi-square test and survival curves were plotted using Kaplan–Meier method and analyzed by Log-Rank test. Results: This study reviewed records from 912 patients with a mean age of 34.67% and stan-dard deviation of 10.88 and the range of 15-86 years. 735 were male and 177 ware female. 1-moth retention rate was 71%, 3 months was 59%, 6 months was 47%, 1 year was 30% and 2 years was 17%. Kaplan-Meier median survival time of 8 months was estimated by relation-ship. Doses higher than 60 mg/d of methadone was associated with increased survival on MMT. Conclusion: Age increase, increase of employment time, increasing of the duration of drug abuse, increasing the daily dose of methadone, oral substance abuse increased retention rate and heroin abuse and smoking were associated with decrease retention rate of methadone maintenance therapy. So, with an emphasis on each of these factors effective steps can be taken to improve the cooperation of patients in MMT. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015; 22 (1:30-36

  10. Comprehensive characteristics retrospective analysis of homeless schizophrenia patients%某医院住院流浪精神分裂症患者综合特征回顾性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦博

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the comprehensive characteristics of homeless patients with schizophrenia in order to take more effective reference for patientˊs rehabilitation and management. Methods 326 homeless schizophrenia inpatients hos-pitalized from March 2013 to March 2014 were enrolled as the study group. 326 non-homeless schizophrenia inpatients hospital-ized at the same period were randomly selected as the control group. The general data, disease diagnosis, accompanying homeop-athy, aggressive behavior and curative effect were statistically analyzed. Results Compared with the control group, the patients in the study group were less educated and many of them were from rural areas, unmarried and unemployed, the difference show-ing statistical significance (P0. 05), but the attack behavior had difference (χ2=8. 406,P0.05),但两组攻击行为方式有差别(χ2=8.406,P<0.05),观察组以对他人体力攻击较多,对照组言语攻击较多。结论流浪精神分裂症患者与非流浪精神分裂症患者具有不同的特征。应对流浪精神分裂症患者制定有针对性的康复措施,并加强护理管理。

  11. Comparison Thoracic Epidural and Intercostal Block to Improve Ventilation Parameters and Reduce Pain in Patients with Multiple Rib Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheleh Aligholipour Maleki

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chest wall blunt trauma causes multiple rib fractures and will often be associated with significant pain and may compromise ventilator mechanics. Analgesia has great roll in rib fracture therapies, opioid are useful, but when used as sole agent may re-quire such high dose that they produce respiratory depression, especially in el-derly .the best analgesia for a severe chest wall injury is a continuous epidural infusion of local anesthetic. This provides complete analgesia allowing inspiration and coughing without of the risk of respiratory depression. Methods: sixty adult patients who with multiple rib fractures were enrolled in this study. They were divided into Group A or thoracic epidural with bupivacaine 0.125 % +1mg/5ml morphine and group B or inter-costal block with %0.25 bupivacaine. The patients were assessed through ICU and hos-pital stay length, ventilation function tests. Pain score among the patients was meas-ured with verbal rating scale, before and after administration of the analgesia. Results: We found a significant improvement in ventilatory function tests during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after epidural analgesia compared with the intercostal block (P < 0.004. Changes in the visual Analogue Scale were associated with marked improvement re-garding pain at rest and pain caused by coughing and deep breathing in group A com-pared group B... ICU and hospital stay markedly reduced in Group A. Conclusion: tho-racic epidural analgesia is superior to intercostals block regarding pain relief of rib frac-tures. Patients who received epidural analgesia had significantly lower pain scores at all studied times.

  12. Patient Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ONS Journals Research Medical Advisors Young Investigator Award Patient Empowerment What’s Empowerment? Patients and families have rights, ... organizations for your type of cancer. Contact Your Patient Organization The Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) serves kidney ...

  13. Patient Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    As a patient, you have certain rights. Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy ... them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients, and healthcare facilities often have a patient bill ...

  14. Patient satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhanu Prakash

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Patient satisfaction is an important and commonly used indicator for measuring the quality in health care. Patient satisfaction affects clinical outcomes, patient retention, and medical malpractice claims. It affects the timely, efficient, and patient-centered delivery of quality health care. Patient satisfaction is thus a proxy but a very effective indicator to measure the success of doctors and hospitals. This article discusses as to how to ensure patient satisfaction in dermatological practice.

  15. Effekten af geriatrisk intervention på rehabilitering af ældre patienter med hoftefraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Merete; Mørch, Marianne Metz; Jensen, Niels Christian;

    2009-01-01

    Introduktion: Antallet af hoftefrakturer er stigende hos de 85+- årige, og det medfører et stort sengedagsforbrug. Årsagen er multifaktorielt betinget og skyldes oftest faldulykker og osteoporose. Materiale og metoder: Geriatrisk Teamfunktion på Ortopædkirurgisk Afdeling, geriatrisk rehabiliterin...

  16. Patient opinion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zurita, Laura; Nøhr, Christian

    2004-01-01

    The paper is based upon a case study and aims to provide information abouit patients values and communication that will be useful in the design of more patient friendly health system.......The paper is based upon a case study and aims to provide information abouit patients values and communication that will be useful in the design of more patient friendly health system....

  17. Overvekt hos gravide – en utfordring i svangerskapsomsorgen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenke Moldjord

    2015-12-01

    Results: The informants were aware that obesity in pregnancy may cause complications for both mother and child, but they experienced obesity and lifestyle changes as challenging in antenatal care. Weight and body were perceived as something vulnerable. Informants found it hard to talk about weight because they were afraid of reactions from the pregnant women. They also expressed insecurity regarding their own expertise when it comes to communication and nutrition. Informants expressed the need for more interdisciplinary cooperation between different health workers in community health. They experienced such cooperation difficult to achieve.

  18. Sömn, TV och datorvanor hos skolbarn

    OpenAIRE

    Garmy, Pernilla

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate sleep duration, difficulties in sleeping, feelings of tiredness at school, television and computer habits, among primary school children. A questionnaire concerning television and computer habits and length of sleep was given to 208 children8-12 years of age from two public primary schools in southern Sweden in 2007 and 2008. For each of the school grades involved, differences in television and computer habits between children sleeping less than the med...

  19. Medicinsk behandling af vandladningsproblemer hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Thorup; Nordling, Jørgen; Walter, Steen

    2007-01-01

    Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) e.g. in prostatic infravesical obstruction and symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) in men can be treated effectively with drugs. The current evidence for use of alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, combination therapy and antimuscari...... by the administration of a loop-diuretic in the late afternoon. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-May-14...

  20. Fysisk og mental belastning hos kirurgen under minimalt invasiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Petersen, H.R.; Rosenberg, J.

    2008-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is in theory more physically and mentally demanding than open surgery. This aspect is due to the inherent limits of MIS. The implementation of high-technological operating rooms and the development of ergonomically more useful instruments have not been documented ...... scientifically, nor has the question of whether or not MIS is a contributing problem in itself in the surgeon's work been documented. There is a need for clinical investigations with establishment of methodological models of the ergonomics in MIS Udgivelsesdato: 2008/2/18......Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is in theory more physically and mentally demanding than open surgery. This aspect is due to the inherent limits of MIS. The implementation of high-technological operating rooms and the development of ergonomically more useful instruments have not been documented...

  1. Field cancerization i ansigtet hos en ung kvindelig svejser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Rasmus Nygård; Sørensen, Jens Ahm

    2015-01-01

    Welding generates ultraviolet radiation and has been suggested to cause skin cancer. However, it remains questionable whether welding is in fact causally associated with the development of skin cancer. We report on a 44-year-old female with ten years occupational experience as a welder, who devel...

  2. Det udstødtes poesi hos Sara Stridsberg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2014-01-01

    Det synes at være et gennemgående projekt i Sara Stridsbergs forfatterskab at genoprejse en række upopulære, eller i hvert fald tvivlsomme og angribelige, kvindeskikkelser – hvad enten vi taler om historiske personer eller fiktive karakterer: Sally Bauer, Valerie Solanas, Medea, Lolita. Artiklen...

  3. Clearcellekarcinom i livmoderhalsen hos en 17-årig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønneberg, Elisabeth Thal; Lidang, Marianne; Palle, Connie

    2014-01-01

    Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (CCEA) is a rare disease, accounting for only 1% of all cervical cancers. The disease in young women is linked to diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure in utero. Following the ban of DES in 1979, CCEA rarely occurs in young women, but still remains a ch...

  4. Pyomyositis uden feber hos 12-årig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Hindsø, Klaus; Wislander, Steen Bo;

    2009-01-01

    Bacterial pyomyositis is generally found in tropical countries. This case report presents pyomyositis in a 12-year-old girl who was admitted without fever to the paediatric department. The only symptom was pain in the left hip. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the blood on day 4. Magnetic ...

  5. Pituitær apopleksi hos en ung kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Anna; Jarløv, Anne Elisabeth; Holm, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Pituitary apoplexy occurs when a preexisting pituitary adenoma undergoes acute haemorrhage, infarct or both. The patho-genesis is not fully understood but macroadenomas and prolactinomas have been reported as being predisposed to apoplexy. Only a few cases are described in the paediatric population...

  6. Emosjonsregulering og motivasjon hos barn med AD/HD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høvik, Marie Farstad; Plessen, Kerstin J

    2010-01-01

    Impaired cognitive control functions have long been regarded as the main problem in the development of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A more recent model emphasizes the importance of emotional and motivational problems. We have reviewed the evidence for this model, which may have...

  7. Monteggiafrakturer hos børn kan overses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abood, Ahmed Abdul-Hussein; Møller-Madsen, Bjarne; Rahbek, Ole

    2015-01-01

    Monteggia fractures in children are rare fractures presenting with anterior radial head dislocation and ulnar bowing in typical cases. In adulthood, pain, instability, deformity, loss of power and range of motion in the elbow joint are experienced. Early treatment is crucial, since the prognosis...

  8. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  9. TV-mediet lever - også hos de unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    TV-mediet er ikke under afvikling, men snarere under udvikling med digtitalt tv og nye medieplatforme som mobiltelefonen og nettet. TV og opfattelsen heraf er dog ikke bundet til en bestemt skærm, en medieforbrugeren udvælger medieplatformen efter en bestemt kommunikationssituation, hvor forskell......TV-mediet er ikke under afvikling, men snarere under udvikling med digtitalt tv og nye medieplatforme som mobiltelefonen og nettet. TV og opfattelsen heraf er dog ikke bundet til en bestemt skærm, en medieforbrugeren udvælger medieplatformen efter en bestemt kommunikationssituation, hvor...

  10. HIV hos ældre kvinder efter udlandsrejse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Sanne; Thorsteinsson, Kristina; David, Kim Peter

    2016-01-01

    We report two cases of HIV infection among female travellers of older age. A Danish woman in her eighties was diagnosed with acute HIV infection after travelling to West Africa. A sexual history was not recorded before her third hospital visit. A West African woman in her seventies who had been...... living in Denmark for 40 years was diagnosed with advanced HIV after having been to West Africa for family visits. We want to emphasize that women of older age also have sex that may put them at risk of HIV, that febrile returning travellers should be tested for HIV, and that presence of HIV indicator...... diseases should lead to HIV testing....

  11. Toksisk shock syndrom. Et tilfoelde hos et barn med forbroending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glazowski, M J; Ostergaard, G Z; Arpi, M

    1992-01-01

    A case of the toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in a burnt (scalded) child is presented. TSS is a condition most frequently associated with menstruating women using tampons. In recent years, however, increased knowledge of the syndrome has led to an increase in the number of reported cases associated...

  12. Emosjonsregulering og motivasjon hos barn med AD/HD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høvik, Marie Farstad; Plessen, Kerstin J

    2010-01-01

    Impaired cognitive control functions have long been regarded as the main problem in the development of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A more recent model emphasizes the importance of emotional and motivational problems. We have reviewed the evidence for this model, which may hav...

  13. Brugen af personas hos danske virksomheder - 2012/13

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene; Nielsen, Kira Storgaard

    2013-01-01

    Denne rapport er skrevet på baggrund af et projekt initieret og finansieret af InfinIT – Innovationsnetværket for IT. Formålet med projektet er at undersøge hvorledes personas i dag etableres, kommunikeres, anvendes og vedligeholdes i forskellige typer af virksomheder samt etablere et opdateret sæt...... af anbefalinger for deres anvendelse. Virksomheders erfaringer med personas vil blive adresseret fra to forskellige vinkler:. Fokus vil bl.a. være på hvordan personas udvikles og vedligeholdes, om og hvordan de bruges, og hvad de bruges til. Personas er beskrivelser af fiktive brugere og bruges i...... designprocesser. Beskrivelserne er skabt på baggrund af data indsamlet om slutbrugerne. En samling af personas, som regel mellem 2 og 6 beskrivelser, vil i denne rapport benævnes et personasæt. Når personabeskrivelserne indgår i designprocessen bruges de til at få ideer til og beskrive, hvordan brugerne vil...

  14. H1N1 Influenza A hos mennesker og svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Den nye pandemiske influenza A stamme H1N1 er hovedsagelig et nyt virus, som spredes mellem mennesker, men virusset er formodentlig opstået ved blanding af to svineinfluenza-virus og har derfor bibeholdt evnen til at kunne smitte fra mennesker til svin og fra svin til svin. Det er derfor vigtigt...

  15. Kirurgisk behandling af fedme hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ann Berit; Gögenur, Ismail; Støckel, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Morbid obesity in teenagers has become an increasing problem. Conventional diet has not yet shown effective long-term weight loss. Alternatively, bariatric surgery on adolescents has resulted in substantial weight loss, recovery from diabetes, improvement of cardiovascular risk factors...... and improvement in psychosocial status. Still, surgery performed on adolescents provides ethical challenges such as the unknown long-term prognosis after surgery. Despite these challenges, in cases of severe intractable obesity or development of life-threatening complications due to obesity, surgery should...

  16. Primaer cerebral vaskulitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradsgaard, Dan Østergaard; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Østergaard, John Rosendahl;

    2010-01-01

    detected by magnetic resonance were diagnosed with primary CNS vasculitis. Age at onset was three to 12 years. Acutely acquired hemiparesis was seen in five children, two had facial palsy. Among other symptoms were headache, ataxia, dysarthria, loss of consciousness and seizures. Only modest changes......INTRODUCTION: Primary cerebral vasculitis in children is a newly recognized, rare inflammatory condition affecting the vessels of the brain. It is characterized by newly acquired neurological deficit(s) with angiographic or histological evidence of central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis...

  17. Progredierende muskelsvind hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flugt, Anette; Balslev, Thomas; Christensen, Mogens Fjord

    2008-01-01

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, CIDP, is a rare differential diagnosis to the hereditary myopathies but because it can be treated effectively it is important to consider. A ten-year-old girl's proximal muscle groups debilitated progressively, and in four months she lost...

  18. Cirkulatorisk kollaps hos bodybuilder i forbindelse med anaestesi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Toke; Afshari, Arash; Nielsen, Jeppe Sylvest

    2010-01-01

    The use of anabolic steroids is a growing problem in Denmark. The effects and side effects caused by anabolic steroids in relation to anaesthesia are poorly described. This article describes a case of circulatory collapse in a young bodybuilder during anaesthesia. The primary cause of the collaps...... remains undetermined, but different hypotheses are proposed based on previously published literature....

  19. Monteggiafrakturer hos børn kan overses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abood, Ahmed Abdul-Hussein; Møller-Madsen, Bjarne; Rahbek, Ole

    2015-01-01

    Monteggia fractures in children are rare fractures presenting with anterior radial head dislocation and ulnar bowing in typical cases. In adulthood, pain, instability, deformity, loss of power and range of motion in the elbow joint are experienced. Early treatment is crucial, since the prognosis...... is depending on the time delay from injury to treatment. Full forearm X-rays including the elbow joint in two perpendicular projections are highly recommended in order to achieve an exact diagnosis without delay....

  20. Laktatacidose hos en yngre kvinde med status asthmaticus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramazan-Yousif, Lana; Albertsen, Signe; Bergmann, Troels K

    2017-01-01

    A 24-year-old woman with asthma presented with symptoms of upper airway infection and tachypnoea and wheezes. She had a history of admissions to intensive care units (ICU) due to respiratory insufficiency. The initial lactate concentration was 2.1 mmol/l. The treatment consisted of inhaled...

  1. Tyndtarmstransplantation som behandling af tarmsvigt hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Qvist, Niels; Rasmussen, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Parenteral nutrition is the main treatment of intestinal failure. In cases with irreversible intestinal failure and life-threatening complications to parenteral nutritional treatment, transplantation of the intestine may be considered. Post-transplantation survival has increased markedly during...

  2. Persisterende pulmonal hypertension hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Hansen, T G; Henneberg, Steen Winther;

    1997-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation and extracorpo......On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation...

  3. Forekomst af alkohol, narkotika og medicin hos bilister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie

    2011-01-01

    Inden for rammerne af det fælles-europæiske forskningsprojekt DRUID (DRiving Under the Influence of Drugs, alcohol and medicines) er forekomsten af alkohol og/eller andre stoffer blevet undersøgt i et stort antal europæiske lande, bl.a. i Danmark....

  4. Biofilter odour reduction level, measurements; Luktreduceringsgrad hos biofilter, faeltmaetningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arrhenius, Karine; Rosell, Lars; Tsetsilas, Sakis (SP, Boraas (Sweden)); Loevenklev, Maria; Blomqvist, Marie; Hall, Gunnar; Sverken, Anna; Widen, Helene (SIK, Goeteborg (Sweden)); Holmgren, Magnus Andreas (Vattenfall Power Consultants (Sweden))

    2010-07-01

    Biofilter is today the most common odour reduction method for biological treatment. A biofilter consists of a bed of organic material often made of compost together with another material which increases the porosity of the bed. Microorganisms in the compost use odorous compounds as nutrient by decomposing them. Resulting products are mainly carbon dioxide and water, mineral salts, other organic compounds and more microorganisms. In this project, seven biofilters implemented in Sweden have been tested in order to describe their status and function. A number of physical, chemical, microbiological and odour related parameters have be measured in the pipe which leads to the biofilter as well as on the surface of the biofilter in order to determine biofilters status and their effectiveness. Values from plants have been compared to published optimal values for each parameter. The goal of the project is to optimize biofilters function och prevent risks for performance disturbances. Results from the project can also be used as reference for plants which are planning process modifications as an increase of waste to be treated, substrate/material changes etc. Each plant has been visited during two days in August/September 2009. The following parameters have been measured: 1) physical parameters such as relative humidity, temperature, and pH, 2) chemical parameters such as incoming and out coming gas composition, gas composition variation with time, access to nutriments, 3) microbiological parameters such as the total number of microorganisms and the dominating microflora i respective biofilter and 4) odour related parameters through an evaluation of the contribution of individual compounds to the total out coming odour and in some cases, through a evaluation by olfactometry. All these parameters have been subsequently interpreted and treated in order to evaluate the status of the biofilter: description of the biofilter, its environment, the microbiological status, which flow and load are passing through the biofilter and its effectiveness. The results show that it is common that important parameters are outside the range of recommended values. As an example, it has been found that parts of the biofilters can be either too wet or too dry. The water content of the biofilter is known to be one of the most critical parameter to insure its correct function. In some cases, the pH was found to be very acidic which negatively influences micro organism's activity and consequently biofilters efficiency. At optimal pH, the microflora is dominated by bacteria while the growth of mould dominates at low pH. An expected lower effectiveness was found when important parameters are deviating from recommended values. At the opposite, when parameters were found to be within the recommended range of values, the efficiency was found to be higher. The project general recommendations are that all plants should introduce new routines to regularly survey the biofilters status and function. Example of routines is presented in the end of this rapport. For the plants where parameters presented high discrepancies from recommended values, the project group recommends to carry out a new evaluation when the deviating parameters have been corrected

  5. Forekomst af Chlamydia trachomatis hos værnepligtige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, P; Møller, B R; Thorsen, Poul;

    1996-01-01

    (VD) and actual symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis. EIA positive specimens were confirmed by immunofluorescent microscopy. The investigation comprised 831 men and 80 women (17-26 years). The prevalence was 5.7% (95% confidence limits 4.2-7.4%) and 15% (8-25%) for men and women, respectively (p ... among Chlamydia positive men was 6. The frequency of earlier VD was 7.5% and 10% among men and women, respectively. Treatment with tetracycline was effective, which makes control of eradication unnecessary. We conclude that genital chlamydial infection among young asymptomatic people is common...

  6. Alkoholdebutalderen hos 7-18-årige unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wium-Andersen, Marie Kim; Wium-Andersen, Ida Kim; Becker, Ulrik;

    2009-01-01

    of an asthma study and was based on face-to-face interviews with 480 randomly chosen children and adolescents between seven and 18 years of age. Questionnaires were sent to their parents. Onset of alcohol was defined as consumption of at least one unit of alcohol. RESULTS: Age at onset of alcohol consumption...... was 13.4 years for boys and 13.9 years for girls (p = 0.020). There was a significant association between age at onset and smoking of the adolescent (hazard ratio 2.19; 95% confidence interval (CI 1.16-4.12, p = 0.015) and maternal smoking during pregnancy (hazard ratio 2.23; 95% CI 1.31-3.78, p = 0...

  7. Eksperimentel bakteriofagterapi til behandling af kronisk Pseudomonas aeruginosaotitis hos hund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moodley, Arshnee; Mølgaard, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    Vi beskriver en case med anvendelsen af bakteriofager til behandling af kronisk otitis forårsaget af multiresistente Pseudomonas aeruginosa som en sidste behandlingsmulighed før aflivning. Trods gentagne behandlinger, både topikalt og systemisk, med op til seks forskellige antibiotika over en...

  8. Traumatisk distal humerus-epifysiolyse hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Nielsen, Keld Daubjerg

    2010-01-01

    Traumatic distal humerus epiphysiolysis (TDHE) is a rare injury in infants with an incidence of about 1:35,000 births. It is primarily a birth injury, but it is also seen in cases of battered child syndrome. Because of its rare occurrence and the diagnostic difficulties, the lesion may be overloo...

  9. Improved reliability of residential heat pumps; Foerbaettrad driftsaekerhet hos villavaermepumpar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haglund Stignor, Caroline; Larsson, Kristin; Jensen, Sara; Larsson, Johan; Berg, Johan; Lidbom, Peter; Rolfsman, Lennart

    2012-07-01

    Today, heat pump heating systems are common in Swedish single-family houses. Many owners are pleased with their installation, but statistics show that a certain number of heat pumps break every year, resulting in high costs for both insurance companies and owners. On behalf of Laensfoersaekringars Forskningsfond, SP Energy Technology has studied the cause of the most common failures for residential heat pumps. The objective of the study was to suggest what measures to be taken to reduce the number of failures, i.e. improving the reliability of heat pumps. The methods used were analysis of public failure statistics and sales statistics and interviews with heat pump manufacturers, installers, service representatives and assessors at Laensfoersaekringar. In addition, heat pump manuals have been examined and literature searches for various methods for durability tests have been performed. Based on the outcome from the interviews the most common failures were categorized by if they; 1. Could have been prevented by better operation and maintenance of the heat pump. 2. Caused by a poorly performed installation. 3. Could have been prevented if certain parameters had been measured, recorded and followed up. 4. Are due to poor quality of components or systems. However, the results show that many of the common failures fall into several different categories and therefore, different types of measures must be taken to improve the operational reliability of residential heat pumps. The interviews tell that failures often are caused by poor installation, neglected maintenance and surveillance, and poor quality of standard components or that components are used outside their declared operating range. The quality of the installations could be improved by increasing installers' knowledge about heat pumps and by requiring that an installation protocol shall be filled-in. It is also important that the owner of the heat pump performs the preventive maintenance recommended by the manufacturer and that he/she surveys parameters indicating if satisfying operating conditions are maintained. Another example that could improve the reliability is that the heat pump system is regularly checked by a professional heat pump service technician. Components with sometimes poor quality can for example be temperature sensors, valves and circulations pumps. Compressor failures are often due to the fact that the heat pump of some reason, operates too much outside or close to the usage limits for the compressor and are not necessarily due to poor quality of the component itself.

  10. Biogas potential in Grasses from Wetlands; Biogaspotential hos vaatmarksgraes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Marvin

    2009-12-15

    The purpose of this study has been to survey wetlands that are suitable for mowing and to analyze the biogas potential in the harvested grasses. A preformed investigation showed that there are suitable wetlands, which can be harvestable, namely those mowed formerly in traditional haymaking. The practice of traditional haymaking is dying out in Sweden today but there are several good reasons why it should to be reconsidered. Nature- and cultural values are obvious, also the unutilized energy in the grass. The suitable types of wetland that were specifically studied were the productive wetlands; meadow marshes and wet meadows. These wetlands are represented in the Swedish meadow- and pasture inventory database; (TUVA) and the Swedish national wetland inventory (VMI). Going through the databases showed that they largely complement each other. A geographical mapping was also carried out of wetlands in relation to areas of interest for the future establishment of biogas plants, so called 'hotspots'. The geographical survey shows that there is ample amount of grass from wetlands within a 30-kilometer radius that can supplement the plants main substrate, manure. The map layer Swedish Ground Cover Data (SMD) together with GIS software was used to analyze the extent of overgrowth for the older VMI objects in Uppsala County, with the result that half of the VMI objects are no longer of interest. They have become either woodland and bogs, or reed beds. There is very little information on wetland-grasses and methane production. Instead, a theory was evaluated regarding the possibility of transforming nutritional values for grass and sedges into biogas potentials. It was shown that this method does not capture the total biogas potential, but offers a minimum value that can be considered rather reliable. The energy transformation showed that late harvested grasses from wetlands has a biogas potential about 0,21 Nm3 methane/ (kg, DM) which is about 60 % of the biogas potential for grass-legume forages. The gas yield after 20 days is also relatively low. It could though be favorable to try grasses from wetlands in methane production, because co-digestion with these grasses and other suitable materials could produce a higher net gas yield for the plant, than using the materials solely by themselves. The derived biogas potential showed that there is at least 4, 4 GWh biogas energy in grasses from wetlands in Uppsala county at a low estimate. Harvesting costs were however shown to be too high in the present to achieve a plus result

  11. Body image hos mastektomiopererede kvinder, med og uden rekonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Charlotte Brun; Gregersen, Anette Møller; Damgaard, Helle;

    2012-01-01

    Baggrund: I Danmark er incidensen for brystkræft ca. 5.000 årligt. Kvinder, der er mastektomiopereret, risikerer ubalance i body image. De kan føle sig amputeret, lemlæstede, mindre kvindelige og mindre seksuelt attraktive. De kan frygte at se sig selv i spejlet. De kan opleve, at kroppen ikke er...... hel. Mange undersøgelser er kvantitative og kun få har undersøgt kvindernes oplevelse af body image kvalitativt. Formål: At opnå indsigt i danske mastektomiopererede kvinders oplevelse af body image, med fokus på den akutte fase samt år efter operationen, hvor beslutningen om valg eller fravalg af...... rekonstruktion var taget. Metode: Undersøgelsen var fænomenologisk hermeneutisk, idet hensigten var at opnå indsigt i kvinders oplevelser af body image relateret til mastektomi. Fund: Undersøgelsen resulterede i tre temaer, der følger Bob Price begreber. Kropsrealiteten viste sig som ”en krop, der ikke var hel...

  12. Kontinuerlig glukosemonitorering kan have betydning hos gravide med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Bjerrum; Secher, Anna L; Damm, Peter;

    2011-01-01

    In this review the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in pregnancy complicated by type 1 and type 2 diabetes is examined. Fourteen relevant articles were identified. Observational studies demonstrated that CGM was feasible during pregnancy without severe side effects. One randomised...... controlled trial resulted in improved metabolic control and reduced risk of macrosomia in women randomised to CGM. Future studies on the use of CGM in pregnancy are awaited with interest....

  13. Hjertetamponade hos et praematurt barn med perkutant anlagt centralt venekateter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Callesen, Michael T; Nielsen, Peter Ehlert

    2008-01-01

    We report a case of a premature girl born with a gestational age of 26 weeks who developed cardiac tamponade after displacement of a peripheral inserted central catheter. She recovered completely after an acutely performed pericardiocentesis. The pericardial fluid was consistent with parental...... nutrition. Pericardiac effusion must be suspected in children with central catheters and sudden cardiovascular decompensation. This article discusses recommended positioning of peripherally inserted central catheters....

  14. Infektionsrisikoen hos internationale adoptivbørn er reel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Tine Marie; Poulsen, Anja; Pedersen, Freddy Karup

    2013-01-01

    Each year approximately 400 internationally adopted children (IAC) come to Denmark from countries with high prevalences of infectious diseases. Former studies of IAC have shown that approximately 1% of the IAC are infected with Hepatitis A, 3-6% with Hepatitis B, mostly asymptomatic infections. 8......-27% have gastrointestinal parasites and 1-7% have tuberculosis, but 3-21% have a positive Mantoux test. The studies found none with HIV or HCV and only a few with syphilis. The vaccination status was often deficient and the serology results did not match the vaccination records. All studies conclude...

  15. Nyre- og urinvejsabnormiteter hos småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, Dina; Lee, Kirsten; Thorup, J M

    1999-01-01

    for posterior urethral valves, one for unilateral megaureter and three for phimosis. Two girls were treated with oestrogen for labial fusion. Urological abnormalities which were treated were found among the ultrasonographically diagnosed abnormalities, apart from phimosis and labial fusion. The frequency...

  16. Kognitive og emotionelle forandringer hos klienter i metadonvedligeholdelsesbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagesen, Niels Skovby

    2004-01-01

    functions: 1) Concerning cognitive functions, the apparent negative effect of methadone is restricted to short time memory, and 2) apparently methadone have negative effects on emotional functioning in the areas of empathy and attachment, and a positive effect in the areas of depression and anxiety. At last...

  17. Laktat i navlearterie- og navleveneblod hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubak, Sune Leisgaard Mørck; Henriksen, Tine Brink

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In theory, lactate may be used as a more precise measure of the degree of metabolic acidosis than other previous methods, thereby enabling differentiation between acute and chronic foetal hypoxia. The aim of the study was to describe lactate in arterial and venous cord blood...

  18. Traethedsbrud af collum femoris hos rask maratonløber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Christensen, Ole; Lukina, Guy Feruzi;

    2009-01-01

    Fatigue fractures of the hip are rare causes of hip pain. Delayed diagnostics of this type of fracture can cause serious complications. We describe a case concerning a 32-year-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general...... practitioner referred him to the hospital and a dislocated fracture of the femoral neck was detected. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct...

  19. Læringsmodstand hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broström, Stig

    2017-01-01

    I dette kapitel beskrives dimensioner ved børns læring og med særligt fokus på Illeris’ begreb læringsmodstand. Det tages udgangspunkt i den kulturhistoriske skoles læringsteori med reference til bl.a. Vygotsky og Leontjev. Børn i såvel dagtilbud som skolen vil løbende vise modstand mod læring...

  20. Miltabsces hos en 28-årig, tidligere rask mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Nina Marie Birk; Lynggard, Charlotte Duch; Kronborg, Gitte

    2011-01-01

    signs of infection and a computer tomography of the abdomen revealed an 11 cm abscess in the spleen. Non-haemolytic streptococci were found after aspiration. Initially the abscess was treated with antibiotics and ultrasound-guided drainage. Due to lack of curative effect of drainage splenectomy...

  1. Field cancerization i ansigtet hos en ung kvindelig svejser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Rasmus Nygård; Sørensen, Jens Ahm

    2015-01-01

    Welding generates ultraviolet radiation and has been suggested to cause skin cancer. However, it remains questionable whether welding is in fact causally associated with the development of skin cancer. We report on a 44-year-old female with ten years occupational experience as a welder, who...... developed multiple squamous cell carcinomas located exclusively on the right side of her face. During welding she had experienced numerous facial burns limited to the right side. This marked anatomical relationship between exposure and illness supports a causal association between welding and skin cancer....

  2. Pancreastraumer hos børn--operativ versus nonoperativ behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaard, Michael Valentin; Penninga, Luit; Ifaoui, Inge Bøtker-Rasmussen;

    2012-01-01

    Pancreatic trauma is more frequent in children than in adults and is often caused by trauma to the upper part of the abdomen. Mortality is low, but morbidity is high. Pancreatic trauma can be treated operatively or non-operatively, but there is disagreement about the optimal treatment strategy...

  3. Stresshyperglykaemi hos et barn med svaer akut gastroenteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.

    2002-01-01

    A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state and that as a phy...

  4. Varicella-zoster-infektion kompliceret med bakteriel pneumoni hos barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wolthers, Benjamin Ole; Thiested, Ebbe; Gyhrs, Anette F

    2015-01-01

    This case report describes how a three-year-old girl referred to our paediatric ward, infected with varicella-zoster virus and a bacterial pneumonia causing atelectasis. The girl did not respond to initial treatment with intravenous antibiotics. Only after a lung drain was inserted she gradually ...

  5. Trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura hos barn med lavt ADAMTS13 enzymniveau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Katrine Bredsdorff; Clasen-Linde, Erik; Poulsen, Anja

    2014-01-01

    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare condition, but important to consider in case of thrombocytopenia and haemolysis. It is imperative to proceed with the correct treatment, in order to ensure a satisfactory outcome. TTP is either acquired or idiopathic. This case report shows that...

  6. Lönsamhet med CSR hosMAX Hamburgare

    OpenAIRE

    Nisell, Samuel; Kaya, Roni

    2012-01-01

    När företag engagerar sig i CSR-frågor främjar det miljö och samhälle. Denna rapport utreder hur CSR-arbetet också kan gynna företaget ur ett ekonomiskt perspektiv. Rapporten behandlar hamburgerkedjan Max Hamburgares hållbarhetssatsning och besvarar frågorna: • Är Max Hamburgares CSR-arbete ekonomiskt lönsamt för dem själva? • Är någon/några av Max Hamburgares CSR-åtgärder förlust- respektive vinstaffärer? För att besvara frågorna har en omfattande studie kring ämnet och företaget genomförts ...

  7. Fotodynamisk behandling af kolangiokarcinom hos 80-årig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulstrup, Thomas; Pedersen, Finn Møller

    2013-01-01

    70% of cholangiocarcinomas (CC) are perihilar lesions. At the time of diagnosis few are candidates for complete resection, and the standard palliative therapy has been biliary stenting. Studies have shown that photodynamic therapy (PDT) improves survival time. In this case report we describe an 8...

  8. Multipel graviditet hos kvinder med korrigeret Steno-Fallots tetralogi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lia Mendes; Pedersen, Thais A; Herskind, Anne Maria

    2008-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic heart disease accounting for 5 to 8% of all cases of congenital heart disease. In a cohort of women with corrected Tetralogy of Fallot, followed concerning fertility and pregnancy outcome, we observed two cases of uncomplicated multiple pregnancies....... Such pregnancies have not previously been described. Despite the overload on the operated heart resulting from a multiple pregnancy, both women experienced uncomplicated pregnancies and deliveries of healthy children. This reflects the good hemodynamic results of complete repair and meticulous pregnancy follow...

  9. Venøse tromboser hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tuckuviene, Ruta; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Helgestad, Jon

    2008-01-01

    of thrombophilia is uncertain. International guidelines recommend screening for thrombophilia as part of the diagnostic set-up in children with thrombosis. Treatment of paediatric thrombosis with low-molecular-weight heparin appears safe, but the effectiveness remains to be established. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Oct-20...

  10. Med på en lytter hos krigsfangerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steen

    2013-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Sönke Neitzel og Harald Welzer: Soldater – Om krig, drab og død. Oversat fra tysk af Peter Dürrfeld efter 'Soldaten, Protokolle vom Kämpfen, Töten und Sterben'. Kristeligt Dagblads Forlag, 506 sider.......Anmeldelse af: Sönke Neitzel og Harald Welzer: Soldater – Om krig, drab og død. Oversat fra tysk af Peter Dürrfeld efter 'Soldaten, Protokolle vom Kämpfen, Töten und Sterben'. Kristeligt Dagblads Forlag, 506 sider....

  11. Autenticitet og kritisk sprogfællesskab hos Charles Taylor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crone, Manni

    2002-01-01

    Lever vi i individualistiske samfund, hvor autenticitet og selvrealisering er blevet de højeste værdier? Den canadiske kommunitarist Charles Taylor argumenterer for, at selv om autenticitet og selvrealisering er vigtige værdier for det moderne menneske, kan en excessiv individualisme alligevel...

  12. Nydiagnosticeret kongenit transposition hos en 76-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Astrid Drivsholm; Jensen, Jesper Khedri; Hald Steffensen, Flemming

    2009-01-01

    A case of congenitally corrected transposition presenting for the first time with second-degree AV block in a 76-year-old woman is presented. This case demonstrates that congenitally corrected transposition can remain asymptomatic and undiagnosed, especially when no other cardiac defects are pres...

  13. ”Tvivl, dobbelt ironi og sund fornuft hos Montaigne”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diderichsen, Adam

    2006-01-01

    Det vises, at Montaignes berømte skepticisme og religiøse tolerance er baseret på en bestemt tekstuel strategi, som man ville kunne kalde dobbeltironi, og som består i, at subjektet for en bestemt udtalelse bestandigt underminerer den subjektposition, som det selv taler ud fra. Problemet ved at f...

  14. Det romantisk Fantastiske - Enhed og splittelse hos Edgar Allan Poe

    OpenAIRE

    Landsvig, Jeanette

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is called ‘The Romantic Fantastic – division and unity in Edgar Allen Poe’s’ and is about the literary phenomenon called the Fantastic (or Gothic) and the 19th century American author, Edgar Allan Poe. Today one of the three most frequently dealt with authors in the field of literary criticism, but in his own time considered an enfant terrible, a “merchant of death”. The claim of this thesis is that his American contemporaries neglected Poe because he understood to mediate bet...

  15. Alkohol, medicin og narkotikaforekomst hos alvorligt tilskadekomne bilister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie; Hels, Tove; Simonsen, Kirsten Wiese;

    2012-01-01

    for cannabis (2,3 %) efterfulgt af amfetamin (1,1 %). I alt var 41,6 % af de tilskadekomne i eneuheld positive for stoffer, heraf 30 % for alkohol alene eller alkohol sammen med andre stoffer. For bilister i flerpartsuheld var i alt 19 % positive, heraf knap 9 % for alkohol alene eller alkohol sammen med andre...

  16. Behandling af mani hos voksne (Treatment of mania in adults)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, Rasmus Wentzer; Straszek, Sune Puggaard Vogt

    2014-01-01

    Around 1% of the population will experience at least one episode of mania. Mania has negative social consequences, may lead to cognitive impairment and may even be lethal. Therefore, prompt and efficient medical action needs to be taken, not only addressing the acute symptoms but also the high ri...... of recurrence. Many well-documented antimanic drugs are at hand, and the database has been carefully outlined in recent guidelines, also addressing factors of importance in choosing among the options. The real challenge is dealing with non-response, where the database is extremely poor....

  17. Hvordan diagnosticerer man astma hos børn?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Christian

    1997-01-01

    Astma og astmatisk bronkit har ens symptomatologi og behandling og kan med vore dages effektive og bivirkningssvage medicin selv i de lettere grader behandles. Symptomerne kender vi i praksis fra op mod 1/3 af småbørnene, kunsten består i at stille behandlingsindikationen. Der opridses overvejend...... at nødvendig rutine og erfaring heri kun kan opnås ved i dagligdagen at turde tage ansvaret for at stille diagnosen og behandle. Udgivelsesdato: 1997...

  18. Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feilberg, Casper

    grundlæggende ontologiske, epistemologiske, etiske og metodologiske spørgsmål af betydning for afhandlingens problemstilling og den teoretiske begribelse af den. Det sker ved at italesætte en eksistentiel fænomenologi baseret på Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, Gadamer og Ricoeurs arbejde, og ved at fremhæve...... kvalitativ metodologi, med vægt på sagen selv som et fælles tredje (virkelighedsforankring), gennemskuelighed og eksemplarisk beskrivelse, samt et forudgribende forskningsdesign med bl.a. ekspliciterede forudantagelser. Det er sket ved både at trække på fænomenologer som Keller, Heidegger, Gadamer og Ricoeur......) at fremhæve den hermeneutiske cirkels vekslen mellem spørgsmål og svar, mellem forudantagelser og en revision af disse i lyset af de empiriske observationer og resultater, som en cyklisk proces mod en bedre forståelse af sagen (Gadamer), og ved 2) at forstå al fænomenologisk forskning som nødvendigvis...

  19. Case01: BIM hos mindre arkitektrådgiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter;

    Casen beskriver et IKT-koncept, hvor en hovedrådgiver, en mindre arkitektvirksomhed specialiseret i renovering og ombygning af mindre boligprojekter, anvender en modelbaseret arbejdsmetode i tre hovedleverancer for tegnestuen: et dispositionsplanforslag, et forprojekt/myndighedsprojekt og et ho-v...

  20. Risk of symptomatic heterotopic ossification following plate osteosynthesis in multiple trauma patients: an analysis in a level-1 trauma centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pape Hans-Christoph

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Symptomatic heterotopic ossification (HO in multiple trauma patients may lead to follow up surgery, furthermore the long-term outcome can be restricted. Knowledge of the effect of surgical treatment on formation of symptomatic heterotopic ossification in polytrauma is sparse. Therefore, we test the effects of surgical treatment (plate osteosynthesis or intramedullary nailing on the formation of heterotopic ossification in the multiple trauma patient. Methods We retrospectively analysed prospectively documented data of blunt multiple trauma patients with long bone fractures which were treated at our level-1 trauma centre between 1997 and 2005. Patients were distributed to 2 groups: Patients treated by intramedullary nails (group IMN or plate osteosynthesis (group PLATE were compared. The expression and extension of symptomatic heterotopic ossifications on 3-6 months follow-up x-rays in antero-posterior (ap and lateral views were classified radiologically and the maximum expansion was measured in millimeter (mm. Additionally, ventilation time, prophylactic medication like indomethacine and incidence and correlation of head injuries were analysed. Results 101 patients were included in our study, 79 men and 22 women. The fractures were treated by intramedullary nails (group IMN n = 50 or plate osteosynthesis (group PLATE n = 51. Significantly higher radiologic ossification classes were detected in group PLATE (2.9 ± 1.3 as compared to IMN (2.2 ± 1.1; p = 0.013. HO size in mm ap and lateral showed a tendency towards larger HOs in the PLATE group. Additionally PLATE group showed a higher rate of articular fractures (63% vs. 28% in IMN while IMN demonstrated a higher rate of diaphyseal fractures (72% vs. 37% in PLATE; p = 0.003. Ventilation time, indomethacine and incidence of head injuries showed no significant difference between groups. Conclusion Fracture care with plate osteosynthesis in polytrauma patients is associated with

  1. Efeito do debilitamento do músculo oblíquo superior hiperfuncionante associado à anteriorização do músculo oblíquo inferior na divergência vertical dissociada The effect of overacting superior oblique muscle tenectomy associated with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Teixeira Krieger

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analisar o efeito do debilitamento do oblíquo superior associado à transposição anterior do oblíquo inferior em casos de pacientes com DVD (divergência vertical dissociada e hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior (HOS. Métodos: Em 14 pacientes foram analisadas a correção média da divergência vertical dissociada da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior e da anisotropia em A. A cirurgia de tenectomia do oblíquo superior e a transposição anterior do músculo oblíquo inferior foram realizadas nos 28 olhos. Resultados: A redução da divergência vertical dissociada foi de 65,5% no olho direito (OD e de 61,3% no olho esquerdo (OE. A correção da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior foi de 81,8% no olho direito e de 85,0% no olho esquerdo. Houve redução de 92,2% da anisotropia em A. Estas correções foram estatisticamente significantes (pPurpose: To analyze the effect of weakening of the superior oblique muscle (HOS with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation (DVD associated with overaction of superior oblique muscle. Methods: In 14 patients we analyzed the correction of dissociated vertical deviation, the reduction of the superior oblique overaction, and the reduction of the A pattern. Twenty-eight eyes were submitted to anterior transposition of the inferior oblique, and tenectomy of the superior oblique muscle. Results: The correction of dissociated vertical deviation was 65.5% in right eye (RE and 61.3% in left eye (LE. The reduction in the superior oblique overaction was 81.8% in and right eye 85.0% in left eye. The A pattern was reduced in 92.2%. All these values were statistically significant (p<0.01. Conclusions: The proposed surgery is effective in the correction of dissociated vertical deviation and overacting superior oblique muscle.

  2. The Effects of Collaborative Care Model on the Self-care Ability of the Stroke Rehabilitation Patients%协同护理模式对脑卒中康复患者自理能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆乔玉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of collaborative care model on the self-care ability of the stroke rehabilitation pa-tients. Methods 60 stroke rehabilitation patients were chosen randomly in the Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine in our hos-pital from January, 2013 to June, 2013, who were divided into two groups, the experimental and the control group with 30 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing and rehabilitation training, while the experimental group took the collaborative care mode in which patients and their family members participated. Patients'activities of daily living ( ADL) were evaluated by Barthel index ( MBI) before and after the intervention. The SPSS17.0 software was used for t test, and the rehabilitation effect of the two groups were compared. Results The evaluation of the two groups' ADL before intervention showed no statistical significance ( P>0.05), the evaluation of patients' ADL of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, with a very significant difference (P0.05);干预后实验组患者的日常生活能力评定显著高于对照组,差异具有非常显著意义( P均<0.01)。结论实施协同护理模式能够培养患者及家属共同参与护理的能力,显著提高患者的自理能力和改善综合能力,有利于促进患者的康复。

  3. Patient life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Mette Spliid

    2004-01-01

    of informal relationships, and interpret the meaning of having fellow-patients during hospitalisation. Three main dimensions are explored; attitudes toward own illness, interpersonal relationships and environmental factors. Questions such as how do patients pass time, find out about illnesses, examinations......Background: The hypothesis for the study is that the informal relationships amongst patients during hospitalisation have more influence on wellbeing, understanding of own illnesses and recovery than we until now have recognised in nursing. Aim: The purpose is to describe patients' experiences...

  4. chemotherapy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Augustyniuk

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background . Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM practices for cancer have become popular among oncology patients. An increasing interest in alternative medicine can be explained by the inefficiency of conventional treatment, dissatisfaction with treating patients like objects, and the will to use all available treatment methods. Objectives . The authors assessed how often patients use CAM methods, and which of them are most popular. Material and methods . The study was conducted in Military Hospital no. 109 and the Independent Public Clinical Hospital no. 1 in Szczecin among 100 chemotherapy patients. This survey-based study was performed using an original questionnaire. Results. Most respondents (68% did not use alternative methods to fight the disease. The most popular treatment methods were: herbal medicine (50%, alternative medicine preparations (38% and diet (25%, and the least common: hypnosis (3% and aromatherapy (3%. Analyzed sociodemographic factors had no effects on a choice of a CAM method. Patients obtained information about CAM methods mainly from the Internet (40%, medical staff (37% and literature (31%. Conclusions . 1. Using CAM by patients receiving chemotherapy for neoplasms is quite a common phenomenon. 2. CAM were more often chosen by women. Neither the duration of the disease nor sociodemographic data had effects on making the decision to use CAM methods. 3. The most popular CAM were: herbal medicine, alternative medicine preparations, and diet. 4. Cancer patients should receive special support from nurses and doctors as well as other members of the therapeutic team. Oncology patients should never be left on their own so that they were forced to seek help and support in therapies unconfirmed by scientific investigation.

  5. 以人为本,提高服务质量,构建和谐医患关系%Hold the People - oriented Concept, Enhance the Quality of Medical Service,and Construct a Harmonious Doctor- Patient Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵树仲; 黎之静

    2011-01-01

    构建和谐医患关系,既不是简单地使用“医德”口号去谴责医生的道德缺失,也不是从制度的层面上进行没完没了的条例修补,而是要用科学的态度,从认识论和方法 论入手,提高医务工作者对医学的完整认识.医生要有人本观念,要有仁慈胸怀,要有全面关心患者身心和社会适应能力的意识,既要关心住院期间的医疗,也要关心出院后的生活质量;医生要全面、深刻地认识医学,提高医疗技术,提高服务质量.%The construction of a harmonious doctor - patient relationship is not equal to the simple use of medical ethics slogan to criticize the ethical absence of doctors, nor is the systematic repair for the current regulations for medical ethics. The construction actually is the comprehensive cognition for medical science among medical staff from the perspectives of epistemology and methodology with a scientific attitude. Doctors should be equipped with various features, including people - oriented concept, merciful mind, the consciouness of an overall care for patients' pyhsical and mental health, social adaptation awareness, care for the medical treatment during patients' hos-pitalization as well as their quality of life after the discharge from hospital. All in all, doctors should have a comprehensive and profound cognition of medical science, in order to improve their medical skills and quality of medical service.

  6. Effect of Nursing Intervention on Surgical Patients with Sleep Disorders%护理干预对手术患者睡眠障碍的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏先萍; 张贵清

    2012-01-01

      Objective TO investigate methods of care to reduce the sleep disorders of surgical patients. Methods 280 cases with surgical patients in our hospital from March 2010 to July 2010 were as the control group,280 cases with surgical patients in our hos-pital from August 2010 to December 2010 were as the experimental group. The control group received normal care, the experimental group carried out the appropriate nursing intervention in addition to normal care. Sleep of two groups were surveyed. Patients with sleep disorders were surveyed the types and causes of sleep disorders with the self-questionnaire. Results The control group had 120 cases with sleep disorders, experimental group had 45 cases with sleep disorders, there was statistically significant differences be-tween the two groups(P0.05). Conclusion Nursing intervention can improve the sleep position of the surgical patients and reduce the incidence of sleep disorders, but it can not effect on the typing of of sleep disorder Significantly.%  目的探讨减轻手术患者睡眠障碍的护理方法.方法选择本院2010年3月~2010年7月的手术患者280例患者为对照组,2010年8月~2010年12月的280例手术患者为实验组.对照组采用常规护理,实验组除常规护理外,进行相应的护理干预.比较2组患者的睡眠状况,并对睡眠障碍的患者采用自拟问卷方式调查睡眠障碍类型及原因.结果对照组出现睡眠障碍120例,实验组睡眠障碍45例,2组比较差异具有统计学意义(P0.05).结论护理干预能改善手术患者的睡眠状况,减少睡眠障碍的发生,但对睡眠障碍分型无明显影响.

  7. 1例慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者的药学监护%Pharmaceutical Care for One Patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵媛媛; 朱立勤; 王超男

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical pharmaceutical care methods and promote rational drug use. Methods:The diag-nosis and treatment process of one patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were used as the examples, the pharmacists par-ticipated in selecting drugs, adjusting dosage and making individual regimen to carry out the pharmaceutical care in the whole treatment process, including observing curative effect, monitoring adverse reactions, implementing patient education,nutritional support, immu-notherapy and the effect evaluation. Results:Clinical pharmacists together with clinicians developed the treatment regimens for the pa-tient with the full implementation of pharmaceutical care, the effect was promising, and the patient recovered and discharged from hos-pital. Conclusion:Clinical pharmacists should implement pharmaceutical care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the whole treatment process, which can reduce drug adverse reactions and interactions effectively, and play an important role in ra-tional and safe drug use.%目的::探讨临床药学监护方法,促进药物合理应用。方法:以1例慢性阻塞性肺病患者的诊治过程为例,药师针对药物选择、剂量调整、制订个体化给药方案等实行全程药学监护,包括疗效观察、不良反应监测和患者用药教育、营养支持、免疫治疗等,并进行效果评价。结果:临床药师与临床医师共同制定治疗方案,并对患者实施全程的药学监护,效果良好,患者出院。结论:临床药师对慢性阻塞性肺病患者实行全程药学监护,有效地减少了药品的不良反应,对合理、安全地使用药物起到了良好作用。

  8. Economic analysis in admitted patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ya-hong; YAO Wan-zhen; CAI Bai-qiang; WANG Hong; DENG Xiao-mei; GAO Hui-li; HUANG Jia-sheng; WANG Xin-mao

    2008-01-01

    Background The socio-economic burden of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECoPD)in Beijing is not fully understood.The study investigated the hospitalization cost in patients with AECOPD and the associated factors.Methods A multi-center,retrospective study was conducted jn the four hospitals in Beijing including two level Ⅲ hospitals and two level Ⅱ hospitals.Patients with AECOPD admixed to the hospitals between January and December in 2006 were enrolled.The hosDitalization cost and its relationship with disease severity and treatment were analyzed.Results Totally 439 patients were enrolled with 294 men(67.0%)and a mean age 73.4 years.The mean hospital stay was 20.7 days.A total of 204 patients(46.5%)had respiratory failure,153(34.9%)with cor pulmonale,123(28.0%)with coronary artery disease,231(52.6%) with hypertension,70(15.9%)with cerebrovascuIar disease and 32(7.3%)with renal failure.The percentage of drug cost to total cost was the highest(71.2%),followed by laboratory cost(16.7%),therapy cost(9.7%),oxygen cost(7.3%),radiology cost(4.5%),examination cost(4.5%),bed cost(4.1%).Correlation analysis showed that cost was positively correlated with age,hospitalization days,co-morbidities such as respiratory failure and cor pulmonale,hypertension.Three hundred and twenty-one patients were further analyzed.The hospitalization cost increased in patients with non-invasive ventilation(P<0.01),invasive mechanical ventilation(P<0.01),ICU stay(P<0.01),antibiotics(P<0.05),systemic steroids(P<0.01),and poor prognosis(P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that the hospitalization cost was negatively correlated with percentage forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%)(r=0.149,P<0.05),Ph(r=-0.258,P<0.01),and PaO2(r=-0.131,P<0.05),positively correlated with PaCO2 (r=0.319,P<0.01),non-invasive positive pressure ventilation(r=0.375,P<0.01)and duration(r=0.463,P<0.01),invasive mechanical ventilation(r=0.416,P<0.01)and duration

  9. INCIDENCE OF NON-CANDIDA ALBICANS IN PATIENTS WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SPECIATIO N AND ANTIFUNGAL SUSCEPTIBILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragini Ananth

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fungal urinary tract infections have become frequent, as a result of increased use of broad spec trum antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs and bladder catheters in acut e care settings. The associated risk factors which are seen in cases of candiduria are: antibiotic therapy, female gender, urinary catheterization, surgical procedure and extended hos pitalization. Candiduria has become a potential source of morbidity and mortality if untre ated. We undertook a prospective study to note the incidence of non-Candida albicans in patien ts with urinary tract infection with special reference to speciation, antifungal susceptibility an d the associated risk factors. METHODS: Candida species isolated from urine samples of patient s with urinary tract infection were subjected to speciation using standard yeast identif ication protocol and CHROM agar. Antifungal Susceptibility testing was done by the disc diffusio n method to amphotericin B and fluconazole. Clinical details and risk factors of the patients we re noted down. RESULTS: Among the 60 culture positive cases, six Candida species which wer e isolated are : C.tropicalis (66.66%, C.albicans (13.33%, C.parapsilosis (8.33%, C.glabr ata (6.66%, C.kefyr (3.33% and C.guilliermondii (1.66% The susceptibility pattern s howed, that of the 60 isolates, 40% were resistant to fluconazole. No resistance was seen to amphotericin B. CONCLUSION: Isolation of non-Candida albicans species was more than Candida a lbicans. Candida tropicalis was the predominant isolate. The following risk factors were noted: 43.33 % of the patients had diabetes mellitus, 30%had history of prolonged antib iotics (cephalosporin and aminoglycosides, 16.66% had underlying renal pathol ogy, 3.33% had post –renal transplant status, 1.66% were on steroids, 1.66%had pregnancy a nd 3.33% had no identifiable risk factors.20% patients had an indwelling catheter in them. The antifungal

  10. 刍议糖尿病患者妊娠的治疗%Discussion on the Treatment of Pregnancy in Patients with Diabetes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐金江

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the therapeutic effect of gestational diabetes mellitus patients. Selection Methods Our hos-pital from June 2013 to June 2014 treated during the period of 50 patients with gestational diabetes mellitus, divided into observation group and control group, each group of 25 patients, control group controlled by diet and exercise therapy, obser-vation group in the control group, on the basis of using insulin injections. Results Observation group in the control group, on the basis of the implementation of drug treatment, can reduce the blood sugar recovery time, and improve well productiv-ity, so the observation group curative effect compared with control group treatment effect, the difference is statistically sig-nificant (P< 0.05). Conclusion Diet and exercise therapy in combination with insulin injections in patients with diabetes clinical curative effect of the treatment is widely used in clinic.%目的:探索糖尿病患者妊娠的治疗效果。方法选取该院在2013年6月-2014年6月期间收治的50例妊娠糖尿病患者,分为观察组和对照组,每组各有25例患者,对照组采用饮食控制以及运动疗法,观察组在对照组的基础上,采用胰岛素注射治疗。结果观察组在对照组的基础上,实施药物治疗,可缩短其血糖恢复时间,提高顺利生产率,所以观察组治疗效果和对照组治疗效果相比,其差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论饮食控制和运动疗法联合胰岛素注射治疗糖尿病患者的临床疗效确切,其治疗方式值得在临床上被广泛使用。

  11. Knowing Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pflueger, Dane

    2016-01-01

    This research investigates the changing “margins of accounting” (Miller, 1998) in the field of healthcare where, as in other fields, customer surveys have emerged as a means of accounting for customers and of holding professionals and organizations to account. Drawing upon methodological insights...... of accounting for the views of consumers and of holding providers accountable for their care. These movements are shown to entail the staging and stabilizing of “knowing patients” in both senses of the term: these are patients that are equipped and empowered as consumers with knowledge about quality...... and their care, and simultaneously stripped of their individualizing characteristics so as to be made knowable to organizations in terms that can be managed and improved. These findings speak to the limitations of accounting as it infiltrates fluid and personal spaces in order to represent people in modes other...

  12. 腹腔镜睾丸下降固定术在治疗小儿隐睾76例的体会%Experience about the Using Laparoscopic Testis Reduction and orchiopexy to Treat Cryptorchidism in 76 Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红波; 丁浩; 李武星; 万程全

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨腹腔镜在小儿隐睾探查及下降固定术中的临床价值。方法:回顾性分析2013年1月~2014年6月为76例患儿行腹腔镜睾丸下降固定术的临床资料。结果:76例均顺利完成手术,术后住院2天,随访1~12个月,均无睾丸萎缩及回缩。结论:腹腔镜睾丸下降固定术治疗小儿隐睾,手术安全,可靠,创伤小,较传统手术有较多优点,值得推广应用。%Objective:To discuss the clinical curative value of using laparoscopic testis reduction and orchiopexy to treat cryptorchid-ism .Methods:Review and analyze the clinical data of using laparoscopic testis reduction and orchiopexy to treat cryptorchidism in the 76 pediatric cases ,which finished from Jan 2013 to June 2014.Resulst:All the surgeries were finished smoothly ,patient only stayed in hos-pital for 2 days post operation .The follow-up was from 1 months to 12 months, all showed no testicular atrophy and retraction .Conclu-sion:Using laparoscopic testis reduction and orchiopexy to treat cryptorchidism was safe , less invasive, less painful and faster recovered. There are number of advantages it has which made it worth spreading.

  13. Patients' preferences for patient-centered communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lau, Sofie Rosenlund; Christensen, Søren Troels; Andreasen T., Jesper

    2013-01-01

    To investigate patients' preferences for patient-centered communication (PCC) in the encounter with healthcare professionals in an outpatient department in rural Sierra Leone.......To investigate patients' preferences for patient-centered communication (PCC) in the encounter with healthcare professionals in an outpatient department in rural Sierra Leone....

  14. Predictive value of hypo-osmotic swelling test to identify viable non-motile sperm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WilliamM.Bucker

    2003-01-01

    Aim: To determine the predictive value of the hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test to identify viable, non-motile sperm. Methods: Semen samples from 20 men with severe asthenozoospermia underwent traditional seminal analysis, eosin-nigrosin (EN) staining and the HOS test. A further EN stain was then pexformed on a HOS pre-treated aliquot and a total of 2000 further sperm examined. Results: The median sperm density was 5.1 million/mL (IQR 4.3-13.1) and the median motility was 3.0 % (IQR 0-7). Seven samples showed complete asthenozoospermia. Initial EN staining showed 59 % viability (range 48-69) despite the poor standard parameters and 47 % (range 33-61) in thecomplete asthenozoospermia subgroup. The HOS test showed 49.9 % reacted overall (range 40-59) and 41.7 %(range 22-61) in the complete asthenozoospermia subgroup. The combined HOSfEN stain showed the positive pre-dictive value of the HOS test to identify viable sperm was 84.2 % overall and 79.7 % in the complete asthenozoospermia subgroup. Conclusion: The HOS test can effectively predict sperm viability in patients with severe and complete asthenozoospermia. ( Asian J Andro12003 Sep; 5: 209-212)

  15. 维持性血液透析患者住院相关因素分析及应对策略%An Analysis of Factors Related to Hospitalization of MHD Patients and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭爱莉

    2015-01-01

    目的::分析维持性血液透析(MHD)患者住院原因及相关因素,探讨减少MHD患者住院的策略。方法:对2010~2013年某院39例MHD住院患者进行回顾性分析,并和同期非住院的MHD患者比较,观察透析次数、营养状况、血红蛋白、铁蛋白、超敏C反应蛋白、脑钠肽等指标。结果:MHD患者住院的首要原因为呼吸道感染和心功能不全;营养不良、透析充分性、透析间期体重增加过多、炎症状态、BNP增高等是MHD住院的相关因素。加强营养支持治疗和卫生宣教,及早控制潜在心功能不全及炎症状态可能会减少MHD患者住院率,改善预后。%Objective:To analyze the reasons why the MHD patients Hospitalize and relevant factors,and investigate the countermeasures to reduce the hospitalization of MHD patients.Methods:A retrospective anal-ysis was made on the data of 39 cases of hospitalized MHD patients during 2010~2013in our hospital.Com-pare them with concurrent non-hospitalized MHD patients,detect dialysis times,nutritional status,hemoglo-bin,feeritin,high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP),BNP and other indexes.Results:The primary cau-ses for the hospitalization of the MHD patients were respiratory infection and cardiac insufficiency;dystro-phy,dialysis adequacy,excessive weight gain during dialysis,inflammation and rising in BNP were the correl-ative factors.Conclusion:To strength nutrition-supported therapy and propaganda and education about health and try to control possible cardiac insufficiency and the inflammation earlier would lower MHD patients'hos-pitalization rate and improve prognosis.

  16. Achieving patient satisfaction: resolving patient complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxler, K F

    1997-07-01

    Patients demand to be active participants on and partners with the health care team to design their care regimen. Patients bring unique perceptions and expectations and use these to evaluate service quality and satisfaction. If customer satisfaction is not achieved and a patient complaint results, staff must have the skills to respond and launch a service recovery program. Service recovery, when done with style and panache, can retain loyal customers. Achieving patient satisfaction and resolving patient complaints require commitment from top leadership and commitment from providers to dedicate the time to understand their patients' needs.

  17. Application of PDCA theory to community intervention on patients with type 2 diabetes%PDCA 理论在2型糖尿病患者社区干预中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学梅; 温士玲; 李红

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨质量管理循环( PDCA)理论在2型糖尿病患者社区干预中的应用方法及临床效果。方法:对50例2型糖尿病出院患者应用PDCA理论进行为期6个月的社区干预,观察比较干预前后患者生活方式、遵医行为及各代谢指标变化情况。结果:本组患者干预后各代谢指标与入院时基线值比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),生活方式和遵医行为较前明显改善(P<0.01)。结论:应用PDCA理论对2型糖尿病出院患者进行社区干预,能巩固住院期间健康教育效果,改善其生活方式,提高遵医治疗依从性,从而达到血糖控制的目的,值得推广应用。%Objective:To explore the approach of application of plan -do-check-action( PDCA) theory to community intervention on patients with type 2 diabetes and investigate the clinical effect .Methods:50 patients with type 2 diabetes were given community intervention for 6 months in the light of PDCA theory ,and then the lifestyle and medical compliance behavior of the patients and the changes of meta -bolic indexes were observed and compared before and after the intervention .Results:There was statistically significant difference in the comparison of the metabolic indexes and baseline values after the intervention and on admission ( P<0.01);the lifestyle and medical compli-ance behavior were significantly improved after the intervention compared with those before the intervention (P<0.01).Conclusion:Applica-tion of PDCA theory in community intervention on the patients with type 2 diabetes can consolidate the effect of health education during hos-pitalization and improve the lifestyle and medical compliance behavior of the patients so as to achieve the control of blood glucose .

  18. Pharmacist-Patient Interaction and Patient Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSimone, Edward M.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The nature of the professional interaction between the pharmacist and the patient was explored, with data collected from 3,743 questions asked of 16 pharmacists during an 8-week period. Factors that might affect the nature of the pharmacist-patient interaction are identified along with a cognitive-based profile of patient wants. (LBH)

  19. Patient life in hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Mette Spliid

    are created through stories about three roughly framed aspects of hospitalisation: A. Being together with fellow patients entails a constant dilemma, B. Relationships between patients are restricted and extended and C. Shifting perspectives in solidarity. Conclusion Patients' hospitalisation is strongly...

  20. Patient Treatment Tracking Chart

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ZIP code here Hepatitis C Treatment Tracking Chart Patient Treatment Tracking Chart Patient Treatment Tracking Chart Sample Chart This chart is ... this website Submit Share this page Related Resource Patient Treatment Tutorial return to top CONNECT Veterans Crisis ...

  1. Patient Assessment File (PAF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Patient Assessment File (PAF) database compiles the results of the Patient Assessment Instrument (PAI) questionnaire filled out for intermediate care Veterans...

  2. [Patient education in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Dominique

    2011-10-01

    Patient education is an increasingly important component of therapeutic strategies, especially for chronic illnesses, which currently affect about 12% of the French population and will undoubtedly increase in coming years. Patient education aims to enhance patients' personal responsibility and participation in their therapeutic management and quality of life. Article 84 of French health legislation passed in 2009 inscribes patient education in the Public Health Code for the first time. It distinguishes personalized therapeutic education, patient accompaniment, and learning programs. Direct links between patients and drug companies are prohibited. However, the notion of patient accompaniment remains to be defined, along with the evaluation of patient education, funding sources and practical modalities.

  3. Transfer Out Patient Not Abandon The Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Gupta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Physician-patient relationship is unique in some aspects and not-so-unique in other aspects when compared to other human interactions. Until-unless for the sake of health promotional activities, this relationship is almost always conceived in the times of human sufferings and consequently culminated when those sufferings have subsided as well as sought out happiness has ensued/been achieved. However, not all physician-patient relationships follow the normal course and/or meet the natural ends. These abnormal relationships are not inconsequential in terms of numbers and/or their effects (short-term and long term on both patients and physicians. Every country has its own baggage in the wake of why, how and what about these abnormal ends to physician-patient relationships; however, the most common causes are the patients’ inability to pay their medical bills, the conflicting goals of physicians and their patients in regards to patients’ sufferings’ management and finally the behavioral issues (patients’ and/or physicians’ interfering these relationships. Irrespective of any cause, the physicians should never forget that the patient can always discharge their physicians and discontinue their relationship with their physicians without any reason (until unless the physicians deem those patients either incapable/non-consentable to do so and/or potential threat to their own personal safety or other people’s safety. Contrarily, physicians can also discharge patients from their care but cannot abandon these patients (1-3 which mean that physicians have to ensure their discharged patients either are referred to or have sought another physician within appropriate time frame post-relationship-discontinuation. Each country has their own medico-legal liabilities that vary in terms of penalties imposed; however, irrespective of the feared legal concerns, the physicians should not forget that ethical essence of medicine is the art of healing that

  4. Blodtrykket hos 14-15 årige skoleelever. Skolelaegers undersøgelse af blodtrykket hos 14- og 15-årige skoleelever i Vejle Amt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, G L; Høst, A H; Laetgaard, J;

    1991-01-01

    % fractile, further investigation and advice about risk factors are recommended. The 95% fractile for boys was 144/84 mmHg and 138/88 mmHg for girls. The influence of pubertal development and body-weight on the blood pressure are reviewed. Screening in connection with health examination in the ninth form...

  5. Värderelevansen hos goodwill : En studie av värderelevansen hos finansiell information på den svenska marknaden

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Finansiell information är att anses som värderelevant om den kan användas av intressenter i deras värderingsbeslut. Ett värderelevant tal bör således påverka ett företags marknadsvärde. Utifrån Easton och Harris (1991) avkastningsmodell undersöker vi relationen mellan resultat och avkastning före (2001-2004) och efter (2005-2008) införandet av IFRS/IAS-förordningen. Vi utvecklar avkastningsmodellen genom att bryta ut minskningen av goodwillpostens värde från resultatet för att på så sätt unde...

  6. 'Patient satisfaction' in hospitalized cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skarstein, Jon; Dahl, Alv A; Laading, Jacob; Fosså, Sophie D

    2002-01-01

    Predictors of 'patient satisfaction' with hospitalization at a specialized cancer hospital in Norway are examined in this study. Two weeks after their last hospitalization, 2021 consecutive cancer patients were invited to rate their satisfaction with hospitalization, quality of life, anxiety and depression. Compliance rate was 72% (n = 1453). Cut-off levels separating dissatisfied from satisfied patients were defined. It was found that 92% of the patients were satisfied with their stay in hospital, independent of cancer type and number of previous admissions. Performance of nurses and physicians, level of information perceived, outcome of health status, reception at the hospital and anxiety independently predicted 'patient satisfaction'. The model explained 35% of the variance with an area under the curve of 0.76 of the Receiver Operator Curve. Cancer patients' satisfaction with their hospital stay was high, and predicted by four independently predictive variables related to the performance of caregivers. These suggest areas for further improvement in the healthcare service.

  7. Dentist-Patient Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Raftu

    2016-01-01

    In the dentist-patient relationship confidence comes from the assurance that personal information(belonging to the patient will remain confidential; this is in the interest of the patient and the patient'sautonomy is recognized. There were presented several behavioral types which can lead to a physicianpatientrelationship, based on trust.

  8. Clinical Neurology of Tinnitus Patients with 110 Cases%110例耳鸣患者的神经内科临床治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石昌成

    2015-01-01

    目的:对该院110例耳鸣患者的神经内科临床治疗进行探究,对其治疗效果和治疗方法进行总结。方法随机选择2012年4月-2013年5月该院110例耳鸣患者作为研究对象,随机将其分成实验组和对照组,实验组50例,对照组60例。对照组患者给予常规的西比灵药物治疗,实验组患者在对照组患者治疗的基础上加用敏使朗药物,之后对两组患者的治疗效果和全血粘度性指标进行比较分析。结果实验组患者的治疗总有效率为94.00%,对照组患者的治疗总有效率是45.00%;实验组患者的血浆黏度、全血黏度低切值分别为(12.29±2.57)、(1.35±0.26);对照组患者的血浆黏度、全血黏度低切值分别为(14.93±3.54)、(1.61±0.45)。实验组患者的治疗总有效率、血浆黏度、全血黏度低切均优于对照组患者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论西比灵联合敏使朗治疗耳鸣疾病具有积极的临床应用效果,值得实践和推广。%Objective To study for 110 cases of hospital patients with tinnitus neural Department of internal medicine clinical treatment, to explore the effect of treatment and the treatment method. Methods Selected from April 2012 to May 2013 in our hos-pital 110 cases of tinnitus patients as the research object, according to a randomized method, divided into experimental group and control group, 60 cases in the experimental group, the control group for 50 cases. Patients in control group were treated with flu-narizine routine drug treatment, patients in the experimental group with betahistine treatment in the control group patients based on the index, after the treatment effect and blood viscosity of two groups of patients were compared and analyzed. Results The treat-ment of the patients in the experimental group the total efficiency is 94%, the total effective rate of the control group is 45%; the patients in the experimental group the plasma viscosity, whole

  9. Efficacy of patients with epulis treated with periodontal therapy and sur-gical therapy%牙周治疗联合手术疗法治疗牙龈瘤的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常明红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the efficacy of patients with epulis treated with periodontal therapy and surgical therapy. Methods A total of 36 cases of epulis patients were selected from February 2006 to August 2010 in our hos-pital dentistry treatment, they were divided into two groups according to different treatment, the control group had 12 cases, they were given conventional surgical therapy, the experimental group had 24 cases, they were treated with surgi-cal treatment combined with periodontal treatment, while preserved the suffering teeth, we compared general informa-tion, the cure and treatment of total satisfaction of two groups. Results After 2 years of follow-up observation of period-ic review, the cure rate of the experimental group (95.83%) was significantly higher than the control group(75.00%), overall treatment satisfaction (95.83%) was significantly higher than the control group (66.67%), the difference be-tween the two groups was significant(P<0.05). Conclusion Surgical periodontal therapy combined therapy epulis, retain teeth, with good effect, can improve the cure rate and patient satisfaction with treatment, can be used for clinical application.%目的:探讨牙周治疗联合手术疗法治疗牙龈瘤的临床效果。方法将2006年2月~2010年8月在我院口腔科就诊的36例牙龈瘤患者按照治疗方法分成两组,对照组12例采用常规手术疗法,实验组24例采用牙周治疗联合手术疗法,同时保留患牙,比较两组患者一般资料、治愈率及治疗总满意度。结果经2年定期复查观察随访,实验组治愈率95.83%,明显高于对照组的75.00%,治疗总满意度95.83%,明显高于对照组的66.67%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论牙周治疗联合手术疗法治疗牙龈瘤,保留患牙,疗效良好,可以提高治愈率及患者治疗满意度,可以临床推广应用。

  10. Patient-centred Prevention among PAD Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pii, Kathrine Hoffmann

    2014-01-01

    Intro: This paper discusses a central professional dilemma in patient-centred education: on one hand the concern for ensuring patients autonomy and right to make their own decisions regarding their treatment and, on the other hand, a concern for getting patients to make the “right” decisions......-centredness is thus promoted as a way to organize health more effectively (in terms of cost and treatment outcomes) and as a way to ensure patients’ autonomy and fundamental right to make their own decisions regarding their treatment. Critical voices within social and nursing theory have however argued...... of a patient-centred prevention programme aimed at PAD patients, which includes medical treatment as well as individual nurse-led lifestyle-oriented conversations (inspired by psychological theory and methods such as Motivational Interviewing). Method: The findings are based on four months ethnographic field...

  11. The participatory patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tariq Osman

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of the “participatory patient” as a vehicle to promote attention to patients¿ dual enactment of participation on participatory design (PD) projects in healthcare. By an empirical case-story from an ongoing PD project in healthcare, I illustrate the relationship...... between a patient¿s work on the project as a co-designer and his work of being a patient using a prototype. I conclude by arguing for the importance of being aware of the ways in which patients inscribe patient work and non-work and thinking of what kind of working or non-working patients it implies....

  12. A good patient?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, Catherine; Scott, Kerry; Skovdal, Morten;

    2015-01-01

    examines social representations of ‘a good patient’and how these representations affect patient-healthcare provider relationships and antiretroviral treatment (ART) forpeople living with HIV. Methods: Using thematic network analysis, we examined interview and focus group transcripts involving 25healthcare......, physical cleanliness, honesty, gratitude and lifestyle adaptations (taking pills correctly andcoming to the clinic when told). As healthcare workers may decide to punish patients who do not live up the‘good patient persona’, many patients seek to perform within the confines of the ‘good patient persona...... of the ‘good patient persona’, the productive and health-enabling patient-nurserelationship may break down and be detrimental to the patient. Conclusion: We conclude that policy makers need to take heed of the social representations that governpatient-nurse relationships and their role in facilitating...

  13. Patient Safety Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Solvejg

    Patient safety is highly prioritised in the Danish health care system, never the less, patients are still exposed to risk and harmed every day. Implementation of a patient safety culture has been suggested an effective mean to protect patients against adverse events. Working strategically...... with assessment and development of the patient safety culture is in early days in Denmark. It depends upon valid, reliable and effective methods. The patient safety culture represents a wide range of social phenomena permeating the way of life in a health care. In essence, the safety culture is an aggregation...... of health care professional’s behaviour, habits, norms, values, and basic assumptions related to patient care; it is the way things are done. The patient safety culture guides the motivation, commitment to and know-how of the safety management, and how all members of a work place interact. This thesis...

  14. National Patient Safety Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Donate Help Contact Home Creating a world where patients and those who care for them are free ... News Member Testimonials Lifetime Members Stand Up for Patient Safety Welcome Stand Up Members Stand Up e- ...

  15. HYPERTENSION IN PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Chaturvedi, Santosh K.; Michael, Albert

    1986-01-01

    SUMMARY Known cases of hypertension and those fulfilling WHO criteria for diagnosis of hypertension were identified in psychiatric patients and compared with non - hypertensive psychiatric patients. Hypertension was detected in 141 (9.98%) cases, and was significantly more associated with elder age, married status, urban background and neurotic illness. The implications are in early detection and effective management of hypertension in psychiatric patients.

  16. Learning from patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Ann-Helen; Ringsted, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    Prior research on the use of patients as teachers has focused on testing the effectiveness of this practice and exploring its benefits for students. However, very little is known about the added value of patient teaching and how it relates to patient-centred learning. The aim of this study was to...

  17. Nye endokrine behandlinger forlænger overlevelsen ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, Klaus; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer;

    2013-01-01

    Endokrin behandling af prostatacancer (PCa) har været anvendt i mere end 60 år og har stadig en væsentlig plads i behandlingen af patienter med avanceret PCa. Hos en voksen mand opretholder androgener celleantallet i prostata og undertrykker apoptose. Ophæves den androgene stimulation opnås en...... dobbeltvirkning: hæmning af DNA syntese og proliferation samt aktivering af apoptose. Kastrationsbehandling i form af orkiektomi eller behandling med LHRH agonister/antagonister er standard hos patienter med avanceret PCa, men effekten er tidsbegrænset og såkaldt kastrationsresistent progression af PCa optræder...

  18. Patient blood management equals patient safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacharowski, Kai; Spahn, Donat R

    2016-06-01

    Patient blood management (PBM) can be defined in many ways and may consist of hundreds of single measures to improve patient safety. Traditionally, PBM is based on three pillars and defined as (i) optimization of the endogenous red blood cell (RBC) mass through the targeted stimulation of erythropoiesis and the treatment of modifiable underlying disorders; (ii) minimization of diagnostic, interventional, and surgical blood loss to preserve the patient's RBC mass; and (iii) optimization of the patient-specific tolerance to anemia through strict adherence to physiological transfusion thresholds [1-4]. However, for this review, we have chosen the following three peri-interventional parts: (1) diagnosis and therapy of anemia, (2) optimal hemotherapy, and (3) minimization of hospital-acquired anemia. PBM is an evidence-based, multidisciplinary preventive, and therapeutic approach focusing each patient. The PBM concept involves the use of safe and effective medical and surgical methods and techniques designed to prevent peri-interventional anemia, rationalize use of blood products, and set good blood management measures in an effort to improve patient safety and outcome.

  19. 多元化护理应用于精神分裂症患者效果分析%Analysis of the Effect of Diversified Nursing in Patients with Schizophre-nia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯文魁

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the application effect of diversified nursing mode in chizophrenia. Methods 200 hos-pitalized patients with schizophrenia who were admitted to Baotou Sixth Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, 100 cases in each group. Two groups were giv-en drug treatment, the control group with routine nursing mode, the observation group on the basis of the implementa-tion of diversified nursing, to compare the therapeutic effects of two groups before and after nursing psychological change and patient nursing work satisfaction. Results In the self disposal, symptom scale and symptom of drug self dis-posal, psychological self adjustment before the intervention, the control group (58.75 ± 15.06)points, (13.82 ±2.23) points, (13.81 ± 3.13) points, (14.21± 3.20) points ,observation group (57.85 ± 13.22) points, (17.81±2.89) points,(17.11 ±2.34) points, (17.56 ± 3.28) points, there was no significant difference between the points (P>0.05), in multiple nurs-ing, observation group job satisfaction scores (105.32±14.67) points higher than the control group (138.86±10.29) points, the difference was statistically significant (P0.05),在采用多元性护理后,观察组工作满意度总分(105.32±14.67)分高于对照组(138.86±10.29)分,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),观察组患者生活、卫生和社会能力显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论多元化护理模式在应用于精神分裂症患者护理过程中,不仅可以提高患者的生活质量,值得在临床上推广应用。

  20. Depression in Cancer Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyhan Bag

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is not enough to consider treatment and care depression in the oncology that is the most common psychiatric illness in cancer patient affects of cancer treatment and the patient`s quality of life negatively, which is determined through researches in the field. With development of psycho-oncology it has been demonstrated to establish an important link between the cancer patient`s treatment as well as psycho-social support for the patient and psychiatric treatment and care for the if it is needed. With this connection between them it has been proposed to use of bio-psycho-social-model in cancer patient to improve their care. To achieve this goal, it is expected from medical personnel to realize patients psychosocial need und if he/she has a psychiatric disorders or syndromes. For the medical personnel that work in oncology services, it is inevitable to organize in order to raise the awareness of depression in the cancer patients. In the present study, it is focused on raising the awareness of depression in cancer patient for the medical personnel. [Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry 2014; 6(2.000: 186-198

  1. Displacing the Patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pors, Anja Svejgaard

    2012-01-01

    The analysis is based on an empirical study of a hospital’s communication strategy entitled: 'The Perspective of the Patient'. The paper asks how the strategy organizes communication work as situated displacements of the patient. Based on methodological elements from situational analysis (Clarke ...... and market as mutually exclusive (Mol 2008), care and market appear to be intertwined in political patient figures through which the organization is trying to manage and transform itself from the inside......The analysis is based on an empirical study of a hospital’s communication strategy entitled: 'The Perspective of the Patient'. The paper asks how the strategy organizes communication work as situated displacements of the patient. Based on methodological elements from situational analysis (Clarke...... 2005) the analysis examines how the hospital’s patient communication is not just about disease treatment, but rather about information treatment of the patient in order to attain a high level of patient satisfaction. The goal of patient satisfaction addresses care-oriented understandings of the patient...

  2. Displacing the patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pors, Anja Svejgaard

    2014-01-01

    Over the past decade, patient communication has become a strategic priority in Danish public hospitals: communication is a focal point of policies, plans and daily work practices. Hospitals today create communication strategies and build communication departments to improve communication with pat...... conditions. Care and market appear to be intertwined in political patient figures through which the hospital is trying to manage the patient as well as to transform itself from within.......Over the past decade, patient communication has become a strategic priority in Danish public hospitals: communication is a focal point of policies, plans and daily work practices. Hospitals today create communication strategies and build communication departments to improve communication...... with patients. However, in the existing studies of strategic communication in the hospital sector, the patient’s role in the organizational work has yet to be explored. This paper draws on a major case study of a communication programme entitled 'The Perspective of the Patient', conducted at a public hospital...

  3. Music for Hemodialysis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gross, B; Ketema Wassie, F; Agnholt, Hanne

    Music for hemodialysis patients Background Patients starting a new regimen of dialysis often experience anxiety and other psychological disturbances. They struggle with the unknown situation, feelings of uncertainty and on top of that, a high level of sophisticated technological equipment. Music...... is known from literature to influence and dampen anxiety and tension and has been used for millennia in the treatment of illness. Here we report a study on the influence of music on patients undergoing dialysis and whether music has a potential for lowering discomfort in patients during first-time dialysis.......   Purpose To investigate whether music can reduce feelings of anxiety, tension and restlessness in patients new to dialysis treatment and make them more relaxed during the treatment.   Method Twenty patients aged 42-84 were selected for participation in the study, which took place over two separate dialysis...

  4. Den moderne patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Trine

    2012-01-01

    Kapitlet indkredser, hvordan vi som sundhedsprofessionelle kan forklare den moderne patient. I særdeleshed lægges vægt på definerende faktorer i skabelsen af den patient vi møder i sundhedsvæsnet i dag. Kapitlet giver forskellige teoretiske bud på, hvordan man som sundhedsprofessionel kan anskue...... den moderne, nutidige patienter samt en kortere beskrivelse af, hvordan patienten tidligere er blev anskuet....

  5. Optimizing patient nutrition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geiker, Nina Rica Wium

    of the nutritional risk screening procedure warrants documentation. The recommended procedure is currently (December 2012) to treat for under-nutrition if evaluation suggests that the patient will benefit from nutritional support. In overweight patients and those suffering from the co-morbidities of overweight...... to patients who would have benefited from treatment. The second study was a pilot study at three departments at Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Denmark designed to investigate the possibility of outsourcing registration of lifestyle factors and nutritional risk screening (Paper II). Of 822 patients...

  6. Anesthesia for geriatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deiner, S; Silverstein, J H

    2011-02-01

    The number of elderly surgical patients will be increasing in Italy. Slowly, anesthesiologists are developing the expertise to care for these patients. The information available to apply to these cases is now the topic of a number of anesthesia textbooks dedicated to the elderly. In this article, we review some of the more recent findings and provide some tips to help guide the care of elderly patients. It is hoped that practitioners will use this information to improve the care of these patients and conduct additional research to further improve care in the future.

  7. 危重患者院前及院内的衔接%Cohesion of critically ill patients with prehospital and hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗从淑

    2015-01-01

    Objective:to deepen the cognition of medical personnel for the convergence of critically ill patients with prehospital and hospital.Methods:the unit of the doctors and nurses in 1 5 hospitals of the county were randomly selected first aid (refused to participate in the investigation of the emergency unit except)200;selection of emergency department doctors and nurses as the research hospital first aid object of investigation personnel.Using the self-de-signed questionnaire to investigate the research object,questionnaire contents including:cohesion,cohesion,information platform case information manage-ment system of medical technology convergence,cohesion and so on.The overall impression of the questionnaire is divided into not satisfactory,basically sat-isfactory and very satisfied with three options.Understanding of medical personnel for prehospital and in-hospital connection important degree is divided in-to,not important and less important,in general,important,the five level is very important.Results:the more important link of 89% of people think that pa-tient data,79% of the medical staff that cohesion is very important in medical technology.But more than 90% of the medical staff that cohesion information platform and management system should strengthen the.Only 5% of the staff are very satisfied with the pre hospital emergency care,36% of the people are not satisfied with the.Very pleased with the hospital has 27.5% medical personnel,there was a significant difference in the degree of satisfaction of pre hos-pital emergency care,hospital.No significant difference in statistics for understanding participation in emergency personnel for prehospital and in-hospital emergency and prehospital and in-hospital link importance degree.Conclusion:most of the medical staff are well aware of pre hospital emergency care,hos-pital emergency treatment,the hospital first aid before the importance of cohesion.Cohesion prehospital and hospital before or yet to be further

  8. 76 FR 37876 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Renewal of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Exemption...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... will receive a tracking number. Fax: 1-202-493-2251. Mail: Docket Management Facility: U.S. Department... PO Box 319 Greenwood, MO 64034-0319... 087079 47. Walt Disney Parks and Resorts US Inc. Box...

  9. Herpes zoster-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastaer leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Gitte Vrelits; Helgestad, Jon; Rosthøj, Steen

    2009-01-01

    receiving chemotherapy. All eruptions were treated with acyclovir, in eight cases intravenously, and in six cases chemotherapy was interrupted. Cutaneous dissemination occurred in two cases, visceral dissemination in none. One child had postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia for two months. The eruption rate...

  10. Rickettsiose er en overset årsag til feber hos den hjemvendte rejsende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    We present two cases of rickettsial infections in travellers caused by Rickettsia typhi and R. africae respectively. The two cases illustrate the widely varying symptomatology and aetiology. Incidence and treatment of the disease are discussed. The diagnosis is complex, and we believe that ricket...... that rickettsiosis is an underestimated cause of fever in returned travellers from the tropics. In the past two years only 26 cases have been diagnosed in Denmark. Whenever rickettsiosis is clinically suspected, empiric treatment with doxycycline should be initiated....

  11. Svær intraabdominal blødning hos en kvinde med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Lidegaard, Ojvind;

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy has been associated with endometriosis. More women with endometriosis get pregnant due to improved fertility treatment and little is known of their risk of obstetrical complications. We report a case of a pregnant woman with a history of endometriosis who ...... was admitted in gestational week 28 with spontaneous haemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency caesarean section and found multiple varicosities on the surface of uterus with active bleeding. Further knowledge on complications in pregnant women with endometriosis is needed....

  12. Svær intraabdominal blødning hos en gravid kvinde med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Lidegaard, Ojvind;

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy has been associated with endometriosis. More women with endometriosis get pregnant due to improved fertility treatment and little is known of their risk of obstetrical complications. We report a case of a pregnant woman with a history of endometriosis who ...... was admitted in gestational week 28 with spontaneous haemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency caesarean section and found multiple varicosities on the surface of uterus with active bleeding. Further knowledge on complications in pregnant women with endometriosis is needed....

  13. Seksuel transmission af hepatitis C-virus hos hiv-inficerede maend

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Lars; Weis, Nina M; Lindhardt, Bjarne Orskov

    2006-01-01

    Infections with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) occur primarily through percutaneous transmission, while sexual transmission seems to be rare. Recently, in some European cities, an increasing incidence of sexually transmitted HCV infection among HIV-infected homosexual males has been reported. We...... describe four cases of acute HCV infection among HIV-infected homosexual males, where sexual transmission was likely. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-Oct-16...

  14. Den HPV-relaterede sygdomsbyrde hos mænd er stor og kan forebygges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiellberg Larsen, Helle; Kofoed, Kristian; Sand, Carsten

    2013-01-01

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a highly prevalent sexually transmitted infection. High-risk HPV causes penile cancer and a substantial proportion of oropharyngeal and anal malignancy in men. Low-risk types of HPV cause anogenital warts. The incidence of oropharyngeal and anal cancers is increasing...

  15. Aluminiumallergi og granulomer som følge af vaccination hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rosa Marie Ø; Zachariae, Claus; Johansen, Jeanne Duus

    2015-01-01

    Vaccination with aluminium-adsorbed vaccines can induce aluminium allergy with persistent itching subcutaneous nodules at the injection site – vaccination granulomas. In this article we give an overview of childhood aluminium-adsorbed vaccines available in Denmark. Through literature studies we...... examine the incidence, the symptoms and the prognosis for the vaccination granulomas and the allergy. Finally we discuss the status in Denmark....

  16. Aluminiumallergi og granulomer som følge af vaccination hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rosa Marie O; Zachariae, Claus; Johansen, Jeanne Duus

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination with aluminium-adsorbed vaccines can induce aluminium allergy with persistent itching subcutaneous nodules at the injection site - vaccination granulomas. In this article we give an overview of childhood aluminium-adsorbed vaccines available in Denmark. Through literature studies we...... examine the incidence, the symptoms and the prognosis for the vaccination granulomas and the allergy. Finally we discuss the status in Denmark....

  17. Slagtefund hos økologiske og konventionelle slagtekøer

    OpenAIRE

    Kjeldsen, A.M.; Jørgensen, K.F.; Mortensen, B.Ø.; Steffensen, M.; Pedersen, S S

    2004-01-01

    Køer fra økologiske besætninger får cirka halvt så mange bemærkninger ved slagtning for trykninger, brud og skader som køer fra konventionelle besætninger. Også antallet af bemærkninger for fedtlever er lavere for økologiske køer. De økologiske slagtekøer har derimod flere bemærkninger for leverbylder, andre leverlidelser og bughindebetændelser.

  18. Hyperprolaktinæmi som årsag til nedsat sexlyst hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baltzar, Mette Thing; Anholm, Christian; Petersen, Christina Damsted

    2012-01-01

    Algorithms previously focused primarily on the testosterone level and its role when diagnosing and managing hypoactive sexual desire (HSD) in men. The importance of prolactin in male sexuality is recognized and should be taken into account when investigating more complex cases of HSD in men....

  19. Primært gastrointestinale symptomer ved malaria hos flygtningebørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    St-Martin, Gry; Thusgaard, Mikkel; Simonsen, Hanne Marie

    2009-01-01

    We present three cases of malaria in refugee children newly arrived from Sub-saharan Africa. Only one of the three children had fever and all had high parasite loads (2,5-14% parasitemia). Malaria is an important differential diagnosis in refugees from endemic areas, regardless of whether...

  20. Genoptraeden af kernikterus hos nyfødte børn i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.; Ebbesen, Finn

    2006-01-01

    . The maximum plasma total bilirubin concentration was 531-745 mol/l. The aetiology was determined in two infants: spherocytosis and galactosaemia. Most likely, ABO blood type immunization was the reason in four cases. In two cases, the aetiology was unknown. Seven infants had symptoms of chronic bilirubin...

  1. Gode resultater efter Hartmanns operation for cancer recti hos højrisikopatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togsverd-Bo, Morten; Gögenur, Ismail; Harvald, Thomas;

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of per- and postoperative complications of low anterior resection and Hartmann's operation (HO) for rectal cancer. The study was performed in a department with a high frequency of HO....

  2. Transportproteiner som drug-targets hos Plasmodium falciparum. Nye perspektiver i behandlingen af malaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellekvist, Peter; Colding, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    The malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, infects and replicates in human erythrocytes. Through the use of substrate-specific transport proteins, P. falciparum takes up nutrients from the erythrocyte's cytoplasm. The sequencing and publishing of the P. falciparum genome have made it possible...

  3. Neonatal dehydrering (tørstefeber) hos nyfødte børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, Gitte; Juvonen, Pekka

    2002-01-01

    The aim was to identify characteristics in infants suffering from dehydration caused by breast-feeding malnutrition over a period of 21 months in South Denmark.......The aim was to identify characteristics in infants suffering from dehydration caused by breast-feeding malnutrition over a period of 21 months in South Denmark....

  4. Det tidlige sprog hos børn med autisme - en afgørende udviklingsfaktor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia; Eigsti, Inge-Marie

    2010-01-01

    bidrage til teorier om normaludviklingen. Denne artikel fokuserer på en afgørende faktor for prognosen ved autisme: den tidlige sprogudvikling. De tidlige sprogfærdigheder er en afgørende prædiktor for senere fungeren, såvel på kort som på langt sigt. Højtfungerende autisme (HFA) og Aspergers syndrom (AS...

  5. Fruktbarhet hos simler: effekter av ernæring og vekst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.J.C. Tyler

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Tyler's article is published in English in Rangifer 7 (2, 1987: Fertility in female reindeer: the effect of nutrition and growth.Sammendrag: Drektighetsprosenten i ungrein varierer sterkt fra individ til individ og fra flokk til flokk. En høy fruktbarhet i reinflokken er selve grunnlaget for en vellykket reindrift. Overraskende er det derfor at man vet lite om hvilke faktorer som bestemmer om rein skal bli drektig eller ikke. I denne artikkelen blir effekten av ernæring på reinsimlenes fruktbarhet diskutert. Undersøkelser indikerer at rein er som andre pattedyr, der fruktbarheten er relatert til kroppsvekten. Forholdet mellom reinens kroppsvekt og fruktbarhet varierer likevel sterkt. Mye tyder på at drektighetsprosenten i ungrein er avhengig av reintettheten. Dette indikerer at ernæringen er en viktig faktor når det gjelder fruktbarhet i ungrein. Vektspesifikk fruktbarhet kan derfor være en brukbar indikator for reinflokkens fortilgang. I prinsippet vil slike fruktbarhetsundersøkelser gi et tidlig varsel om reintallet er for høyt i forhold til beitegrunnlaget før en markert nedgang i slaktevekten observeres. Etter foredraget til Nic. Tyler hadde Terje Skogland et forberedt innlegg som er gjengitt på norsk. Deretter fulgte en lengre diskusjon som også er gjengitt.

  6. Fruktbarhet hos simler: effekter av ernæring og vekst

    OpenAIRE

    N. J. C. Tyler; Forberedt innlegg v/ Terje Skogland

    1988-01-01

    Tyler's article is published in English in Rangifer 7 (2), 1987: Fertility in female reindeer: the effect of nutrition and growth.Sammendrag: Drektighetsprosenten i ungrein varierer sterkt fra individ til individ og fra flokk til flokk. En høy fruktbarhet i reinflokken er selve grunnlaget for en vellykket reindrift. Overraskende er det derfor at man vet lite om hvilke faktorer som bestemmer om rein skal bli drektig eller ikke. I denne artikkelen blir effekten av ernæring p&a...

  7. Benign paroksysmal positionel vertigo kan opstå efter hovedtraumer hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Maria Schøler; Rokkjær, Malene Sine; Berg, Jette;

    2015-01-01

    We present an eight-year-old boy with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) after a head trauma, successfully treated with Epley's manoeuvre. BPPV is a common cause of vestibular vertigo in adults, but it is rarely seen in children. Diagnostic work-up is challenging as children often lack...... the ability to describe their symptoms accurately and to cooperate in clinical examination. The diagnosis should be suspected in children with a relevant medical history and verified by positional testing. BPPV of childhood is treated with otolith repositioning manoeuvres, and the prognosis is good....

  8. Forebyggelse af overvaegt hos børn og unge--oplaeg til strategi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølgaard, Christian; Dela, Flemming; Froberg, Karsten

    2007-01-01

    The Danish Fitness and Nutrition Council has evaluated the basis for recommending strategies to prevent obesity among children and adolescents. There is limited evidence of a preventive effect from large population based interventions. It is possible, though, to change to a healthier lifestyle...

  9. Digoxinforgiftning hos et spædbarn grundet forveksling af flasker med magistrelt fremstillet medicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Lindholdt; Herskind, Anne Maria

    2014-01-01

    -fragment and atropine. After three days of hospitalization she was discharged well-being. We suspect that the explanation for this intoxication is due to confusion of bottles of magistral preparations of medicine, as they were very identical. Therefore we call for increased attention in children receiving this type...

  10. Strength of vacuum brazed joints for repair; Haallfasthet hos reparationer utfoerda med vakuumloedning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berglin, Leif [Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspaang (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    Strength data are missing for braze joints. Repaired components cannot fully make use of the strength of the braze, and lifetime will be underestimated. The goal of the project was to generate material data to be able to prolong the lifetime of the components. Two different material combinations were tested, 12% Chromium steel brazed with BNi-2, and a nickel base alloy, IN792 brazed with BNi-5. Tensile testing at room temperature and elevated temperature was performed in the project. Target group is purchasers and suppliers of repaired components. A tensile test specimen with butt joint was developed in the project. The used test specimen worked well for the 12% Chromium steel. The results from testing show that proof stress and tensile strength are strongly depending on the joint gap, particularly at room temperature. High strength, close to base material strength, was achieved with joint gaps smaller than 50{mu}m. For wider joint gaps, strength was lower. Strength was approximately 25% of base material strength for joint gaps over 100{mu}m. The results can be explained by changes in microstructure. Joint gaps wider than 50{mu}m showed evidence of two-phase structure. At 500 deg C, the results also showed a connection between joint gap, microstructure and strength. The generated strength data can be used for calculations of lifetime for repaired components. Two different process errors were discovered in the manufacturing process of the brazed IN792 test specimens. The generated material data are therefor erroneous. The reason for this was two manufacturing errors. The tack welding was done with too high heat input. The surfaces of the joint gap became oxidised and the oxide hindered wetting of the braze. The second reason was that the brazing was done without the prescribed hold time at maximum temperature. The melting of the braze was therefor not completed when cooling started. As a result, the strength of the IN792 specimens was low at both temperatures.

  11. Svær laryngomalaci hos børn kan behandles med laserkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Lars Christian; Godballe, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Laryngomalacia is the most common cause for congenital stridor. The stridor is caused by collapse of supraglottic structures during inspiration. Two severe cases treated with laser-assisted supraglottoplasty are presented. Our cases as well as the literature describe good effect of the treatment...

  12. Stigende incidensrate af skizofreni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenstrøm, Anne Dorte; Christiansen, Erik; Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    The purpose was to expand the understanding of schizophrenia development in children and adolescents. An age- and gender-specific analysis of children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia (F20.xx) was performed. The analysis included calculation of incidence rates of schizophrenia......, schizophrenia subtypes, and an account of occurrence of any registered psychiatric diagnoses prior to first schizophrenia diagnosis....

  13. Svær dehydrering hos nyfødt efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    in Denmark. The case emphasizes the necessity of a sufficient safety net beneath the newborn children in order to minimise the risk of breast-feeding problems and re-hospitalizing. Neonatal problems such as marked weight loss, dehydration, hypernatremia and marked jaundice are potentially preventable.......A nine day-old girl was hospitalised because of breast-feeding problems and life-threatening hypernatremic dehydration; weight loss was 30% of birth weight and s-Na 187 mmol/l. The question is raised whether there could be an association to the current changes in the perinatal health care...

  14. Amning reducerer risikoen for fedme hos børn i etårsalderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Anita S.; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

    2012-01-01

    Many studies suggest that some breastfeeding may be a protective factor against obesity. Our aim was to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding for six months, as recommended by the Danish National Board of Health, prevents obesity among children. A literature search found four epidemiological...... studies comparing children who were exclusively breastfed for six months with children who were never breastfed. Exclusive breastfeeding for six months reduced the risk of obesity among children 12 months of age. In children aged 3-14 years the result was inconsistent....

  15. Kan falltendens og brudd hos eldre forebygges med D-vitamin?

    OpenAIRE

    Braaten, Monica Marie

    2011-01-01

    Falls and fractures are common in older people, and are closely related as most fracture are due to falls. Vitamin D deficiency causes osteopenia, osteoporosis and osteomalacia, and in the last decade, implications of insufficiency have interested many researchers. Research has shown conflicting results regarding the effect of vitamin D. Intake of only vitamin D has shown small or no effect , whereas in combination with calcium it has been reported significant reduction of falls and fracture...

  16. 76 FR 37880 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Granting of Exemption; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ...; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT... decision to grant the application for exemption from the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) on behalf.... Christine Hydock, FMCSA Driver and Carrier Operations Division, Office of Bus and Truck Standards...

  17. Forebyggelse og behandling af fedme hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Mølgaard, Christian; Richelsen, Bjørn

    2006-01-01

    In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus...... that multisectorial action is urgently needed. This should include intervention at the family, school, municipal, regional and national levels, including the commercial sector and food companies. Treating childhood obesity has not been very successful, but some comprehensive community-based treatment programmes have...

  18. Kroniske lungeforandringer hos børn med langvarig produktiv hoste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, Jakob; Nir, Marta; Marthin, June K;

    2009-01-01

    A productive (sounding) cough is always abnormal, and suppurative lung disease should be considered. A chronic suppurative cough may be associated with the destruction of the bronchial wall (bronchiectasis). The most commonly identifiable cause of suppurative cough is cystic fibrosis. This article......, which is accompamied by an illustrative CT-scan, describes two paediatric cases of cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia and suggests appropriate avenues of clinical investigation, when chronic suppurative cough presents in children. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-26...

  19. Anaboliske-androgene steroiders effekt på muskelstyrke, kropsvaegt og fedtfri legemsmasse hos styrketraenende maend

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søe, Martin Jensen; Jensen, K L; Gluud, C

    1989-01-01

    A review of the effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) on muscle strength, body weight and lean body mass in body-building men is presented. In about half of the placebo-controlled studies, a significant effect on the above mentioned response variables is found. In all cases where an effect...... was achieved, the drug used was methandrostenolone or stanozolol. Whether this is connected with a special quality of these AAS or whether the negative results achieved with the other AAS are caused by type 2 error is not yet known. The use of AAS as ergogenic drugs must be deprecated because of their marginal...

  20. HOS network-based classification of power quality events via regression algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomares Salas, José Carlos; González de la Rosa, Juan José; Sierra Fernández, José María; Pérez, Agustín Agüera

    2015-12-01

    This work compares seven regression algorithms implemented in artificial neural networks (ANNs) supported by 14 power-quality features, which are based in higher-order statistics. Combining time and frequency domain estimators to deal with non-stationary measurement sequences, the final goal of the system is the implementation in the future smart grid to guarantee compatibility between all equipment connected. The principal results are based in spectral kurtosis measurements, which easily adapt to the impulsive nature of the power quality events. These results verify that the proposed technique is capable of offering interesting results for power quality (PQ) disturbance classification. The best results are obtained using radial basis networks, generalized regression, and multilayer perceptron, mainly due to the non-linear nature of data.

  1. Medicinsk behandling af hypofosfatæmisk rakitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahbek, Elise Torp; Nielsen, Line Hougaard; Beck-Nielsen, Signe Sparre;

    2014-01-01

    regimen often fails to prevent bone deformity and reduced final height. The rarity and complexity of these diseases call for centralised specialist care and international collaboration. Future medical treatment may be improved by addition of new promising experimental treatments.......Hypophosphataemic rickets is a rare, genetic disorder resulting in defect bone mineralisation and rickets. The current medical treatment consists of phosphate supplementation and alfacalcidol, but side effects such as secondary hyperparat-hyroidism and nephrocalcinosis are common. This treatment...

  2. A Robust Subpixel Motion Estimation Algorithm Using HOS in the Parametric Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Ismaili Aalaoui

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Motion estimation techniques are widely used in todays video processing systems. The most frequently used techniques are the optical flow method and phase correlation method. The vast majority of these algorithms consider noise-free data. Thus, in the case of the image sequences are severely corrupted by additive Gaussian (perhaps non-Gaussian noises of unknown covariance, the classical techniques will fail to work because they will also estimate the noise spatial correlation. In this paper, we have studied this topic from a viewpoint different from the above to explore the fundamental limits in image motion estimation. Our scheme is based on subpixel motion estimation algorithm using bispectrum in the parametric domain. The motion vector of a moving object is estimated by solving linear equations involving third-order hologram and the matrix containing Dirac delta function. Simulation results are presented and compared to the optical flow and phase correlation algorithms; this approach provides more reliable displacement estimates particularly for complex noisy image sequences. In our simulation, we used the database freely available on the web.

  3. A Robust Subpixel Motion Estimation Algorithm Using HOS in the Parametric Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibn-Elhaj E

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Motion estimation techniques are widely used in todays video processing systems. The most frequently used techniques are the optical flow method and phase correlation method. The vast majority of these algorithms consider noise-free data. Thus, in the case of the image sequences are severely corrupted by additive Gaussian (perhaps non-Gaussian noises of unknown covariance, the classical techniques will fail to work because they will also estimate the noise spatial correlation. In this paper, we have studied this topic from a viewpoint different from the above to explore the fundamental limits in image motion estimation. Our scheme is based on subpixel motion estimation algorithm using bispectrum in the parametric domain. The motion vector of a moving object is estimated by solving linear equations involving third-order hologram and the matrix containing Dirac delta function. Simulation results are presented and compared to the optical flow and phase correlation algorithms; this approach provides more reliable displacement estimates particularly for complex noisy image sequences. In our simulation, we used the database freely available on the web.

  4. Har beskæftigelsesområdet lavstatus hos socialrådgiverstuderende?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anders Bøggild

    2014-01-01

    I mit videncenterprojekt Beskæftigelsespolitik og socialrådgiverprofession har jeg undersøgt socialrådgiverstuderendes opfattelser af beskæftigelsesområdet. Socialrådgivere er oversættere af den statslige politik til borgeren, så nye politiske paradigmer griber dybt ind i professionen. Dette tema...... tematiseres også tit i forskningen og den offentlige debat....

  5. Tumornekrosefaktor alpha-haemning som led i behandling af uveitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Hans Callø; Nielsen, Susan M; Nissen, Kamilla Rothe

    2007-01-01

    To present our experience with anti-TNFalpha treatment of juvenile idiopatic arthritis (JIA) associated uveitis.......To present our experience with anti-TNFalpha treatment of juvenile idiopatic arthritis (JIA) associated uveitis....

  6. Kompliceret influenza A (H1N1) hos gravid i andet trimester

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ersbøll, A.S.; Hedegaard, M.; Hesselvig, A.B.;

    2012-01-01

    A 27-year-old woman at 25 weeks of gestation was admitted to hospital due to bilateral pneumonia with increasing hypoxia. She was tested positive for influenza A (H1N1) and successfully treated with oral oseltamivir. Nine days after the admission pathological umbilical flows were recorded and an ...... and an emergency caesarean was performed at 26 weeks + 2 days of gestation. The neonatal period was uncomplicated. Influenza A (H1N1) is especially dangerous in pregnant women and vaccination is important....

  7. Schmallenberg virus – et nyt virus hos drøvtyggere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohse, Louise

    undersøgelser på laboratoriet, blev alle prøver i en længere periode testet negative for kendte patogener, der evt. kunne tænkes at knytte sig til disse sygdomsudbrud. Efterfølgende fandt man ved sekvensanalyse på DNA/RNA oprenset fra prøvematerialet lighed med virus fra orthobunyavirusgruppen. Disse virus er...... normalt vektorbårne og er kendt som årsag til sygdom i drøvtyggere i Australien, Asien, Afrika og Mellemøsten. Det nye virus blev kaldt Schmallenberg virus (SBV) efter stedet hvor det første tilfælde blev påvist. Siden har Schmallenberg virus spredt sig og er nu påvist i får, kvæg og geder i Tyskland......, Holland, Belgien, Luxembourg, Frankrig, Spanien, Italien og Storbritannien (status april 2012). Det antages, at virus overføres med mitter og myg og inkubationstiden har fra eksperimentelle forsøg vist sig at være kort (1-4 dage). Virus cirkulerer få dage i blodet og manifesterer sig ved milde uspecifikke...

  8. Risiko for øget sygelighed hos kvindelige idraetsudøvere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Anette Grønning; Clausen, Helle Vibeke; Skouby, Sven Olaf

    2010-01-01

    The female athlete triad refers to the interrelationships among energy availability, menstrual function and bone mineral density which may have clinical manifestations including eating disorders, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and osteoporosis. The potentially irreversible consequences...

  9. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia an...

  10. Demyeliniserende sygdom hos børn med akutte neurologiske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2016-01-01

    Demyelinating diseases in children is a broad group of illnesses, which affect the central nervous system. Demyelinating diseases can be monophasic or chronic and comprise acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica...

  11. Demyeliniserende sygdom hos børn med akutte neurologiske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2015-01-01

    Demyelinating diseases in children is a broad group of illnesses, which affect the central nervous system. Demyelinating diseases can be monophasic or chronic and comprise acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica...

  12. Lesbisk selvtillit – lesbisk helse. Utfordringer og mestringsstrategier hos lesbiske kvinner

    OpenAIRE

    Bjørkman, Mari

    2012-01-01

    Lesbian women make up a sexual minority within a heteronormative society where homosexuality becomes invisible and inferior. Minority stress is the excess stress individuals from stigmatized social categories experience because of their minority position. Stress may influence health and identity. It is not the burden of stress itself that determines its influence on health and identity, but how the individual copes with the stress. Existing research indicates that having a lesb...

  13. Alkohol og andre stoffer hos bilister. Stor uheldsrisiko ved promillekørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie

    2011-01-01

    Det omfattende EU-forskningsprogram DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs and Medicines) er netop afsluttet. Institut for Transport på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet og Retskemisk afdeling, Retsmedicinsk Institut på Københavns Universitet var de danske partnere i projektet, hvor der...

  14. Video som metode til undersøgelser af fødebiologi hos Stor Hornugle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Stern; Larsen, Joachim Westergaard; Larsen, Trine Bork

    2015-01-01

    Live streaming from bird nests has become increasingly popular for educational purposes, but may also hold a research potential by enabling direct observations of food provisioning and social interactions. We used video recordings from an Eagle Owl nest to investigate diet composition and prey...... delivery patterns as a function of date, time of day and weather. A total of 72 deliveries were observed with 41 prey items (57%) being identified to species and 18 (25%) to a higher taxonomic group. Birds accounted for 22 individuals (37%) and mammals for 37 individuals (63%). We found a significant...

  15. Kartläggning av byggprocessen hos Peab med hjälp av SCOR

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Robin

    2012-01-01

    Detta är ett examensarbete utfört på Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap (ITN) i Norrköping som är en del av Linköpings Universitet i samarbete med Peab som intressent. Historiskt sett har byggbranschens intresse för logistik varit svalt vilket har lett till att logistiken inom denna bransch har halkat efter i förhållande till övriga branscher. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att utifrån ett logistiskt synsätt tillhandahålla anpassningsförslag till SCOR-processerna ”Make” och ”Retur...

  16. Tonala skillnader mellan ett tryckande stall och ett limmat stall. : -hos en bouzouki

    OpenAIRE

    Nordwall, Mats

    2006-01-01

    Summary I have a great interest in bouzoukis and since I, during my education in guitar making, mainly have focused on building bouzoukis and other traditional folk instruments, I have chosen the bouzouki as the object of my degree project. In connection to the making of these instruments, I started to consider the construction of the bouzouki and why the bouzouki has such a characteristic sound. One of my theories is based on the fact that most bouzoukis are made with floating bridges instea...

  17. Suicidaladfaerd hos børn--en deskriptiv undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høg, Vibeke; Isager, Torben; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

    2002-01-01

    Psychiatric illness and suicide attempts are important risk factors for suicide in young people. To what extent suicidal behaviour in childhood predicts suicidal behaviour and suicide later in life is not known, and studies concerning suicidal behaviour and psychopathology in children are limited...

  18. Klima- og miljøvaner hos borgerne i Køge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoff, Jens Villiam; Nørregaard, Emilie; Ellesgaard, Anders;

    that most people feel that they have all the information needed to change their behavior in a climate-friendly direction, if they want to. Even among the most climate-skeptical citizens, more than half possess a good deal of knowledge on climate challenges. Thus, it takes more than just information...

  19. Cerebral flow og intraventrikulær blødning hos premature

    OpenAIRE

    Lossius, Anne Kristine

    2009-01-01

    Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a serious complication in premature infants. This type of bleeding may lead to serious neurological sequelae or even death. IVH is prevalent in VLBW children, with an incidence of 30%. Recent research shows a significant relationship between low cerebral blood flow and IVH. The most common way to measure blood flow is to measure blood pressure. However, studies suggest that a more correct method is to measure the SVC (Superior vena cava) flow. The SV...

  20. Generel populationsscreening af mentalt helbred hos småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammitzbøll, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette; Kreiner, Svend

    Hovedstadsområdet. Børnene er undersøgt i alderen 9-10 måneder, af deres sædvanlige sundhedsplejerske. Resultater fra grafisk loglineære Rasch analyser viser at PUF er unidimensionalt, uden differentiel item funktion i forhold til børnenes køn, alder og apgar score. Desuden findes cut-point for psyko...

  1. Hvordan etablere en sunn livsstil hos en overvektig inaktiv kvinne med psykisk utviklingshemning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Tørris

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available How to establish a healthy lifestyle in an overweight, inactive woman with an intellectual disabilityOverweight and obesity are associated with increased health risks and shortened life span. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing, and a higher prevalence of obesity has been observed in persons with intellectual disability than in the general population. In this study, we want to establish a healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet and increased physical activity in an obese, inactive women with intellectual disability. Using interventions based on applied behavioural analysis, the women have established new habits in terms of diet and increased physical activity. The number of hours with physical activity per week has doubled, and both weight and waist circumference decreased during the eight weeks of the study. She maintained her new healthy lifestyle, after the study. More research is needed in interventions that can help reduce obesity in persons with intellectual disability.

  2. Kvælstoffiksering hos cyanobakterier og heterotrofe bakterier i kystnære danske farvande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzon-Tilia, M.; Traving, S. J.; Mantikci, Mustafa

    organisms. In this overview, I will talk about our work in Danish estuaries with emphasis on N2fixation by heterotrophic diazotrophs. In general, we have measured N2 fixation, examined nitrogenase (nifH) gene composition by next-generation sequencing, and used real-time PCR to quantify distribution of key...... nifH genes or transcripts in situ. We examined diazotrophy over one year in two contrasting, temperate, estuarine systems (Roskilde Fjord and the Great Belt strait; Bentzon-Tilia et al. 2014). In Roskilde Fjord, N2 fixation was mainly accompanied by transcripts related to heterotrophic (e.......g. Pseudomonas sp.) and photoheterotrophic bacteria (e.g. unicellular diazotrophic cyanobacteria group A). In the Great Belt, the first of two N2 fixation peaks coincided with a similar nifH expressing community as in Roskilde Fjord, whereas the second peak was synchronous with increased nifH expression...

  3. Corrosion on air preheaters and economisers; Korrosion hos luftfoervaermare och ekonomisrar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordling, Magnus

    2012-05-15

    Combustion plants in Sweden are exposed to considerable stress regarding low temperature corrosion, and failures due to low temperature corrosion occur regularly. Particularly common is corrosion problems connected to air preheaters and economisers. The number of combustion plants having air preheaters and economisers is however large, and the result of a collection of experiences regarding corrosion on air preheaters and economisers therefore has the potential to give a broad knowledge base. The summary of collection of experiences that has been done here, complemented with a literature survey, is expected to give plant owners and plant constructors a valuable tool to prevent corrosion on the flue gas side of air preheaters and economisers. The choice of plants for the inquiry was made using a list from the Swedish Naturvaardsverket (Environmental Protection Agency) indicating the emissions of NO{sub x}gases from Swedish combustion plants. From that list mainly the plants with the largest emissions were chosen, resulting in a number of 30 plants. Depending on that most of the plants have several boilers, and that the connected tubes often have several economisers and air preheaters, the number of economisers and air preheaters in this experience collection is at least 85. The study was however not limited to economisers and air preheaters, but also experiences connected to corrosion of other units were collected when mentioned, and the most interesting information here is also included in the report. Also a number of the plants were visited to improve the basis of the report, e.g. by photographing the most interesting parts. As the insight of the extension of the problem increased, renewed interview rounds were made, and the last one was made in August 2011.

  4. Stress og udbrændthed hos alment praktiserende læger er stigende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anette Fischer; Andersen, Christina Maar; Olesen, Frede;

    2014-01-01

    Udbrændthed kommer ofte til udtryk ved følelsesmæssig udmattelse, kynisme og reduceret personligt jobudbytte. Tilstanden skyldes langvarig arbejdsbelastning i kombination med særlige personlighedstræk. Nye danske tal viser, at flere og flere danske praktiserende læger lider af alvorlig udbrændthed...

  5. Et godt sted at græde og le hos Helle Helle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per Krogh

    2014-01-01

    Da Helle Helle (f. 1965) i 2010 blev indstillet af Statens Kunstfonds repræsentantskab til at modtage livsvarig kunstnerydelse, lød begrundelsen, at hun var ”en af Danmarks vigtigste fortolkere af middelklassen og den danske provins.” Og sådan er hun generelt også blevet modtaget og fortolket: Som...

  6. Vilometabolism hos barn och ungdomar med Cerebral Pares : En deskriptiv korrelationsstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Maria; Arborén, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    Background: Cerebral Palsy is usually divided into three subgroups: ataxic, spastic and dyskinetic, where children and adolescents can, because of misestimation in nutrition and energy intake, suffer from weight problems. Aim: To compare calculations with equations with the individual's measured RMR in the subgroups, to see if any equation is more suitable. This could be used as a tool to calculate the resting metabolism at times when it is not possible to perform clinical measurements. Metho...

  7. Mowat-Wilson-syndrom hos tre danske børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Karin Bækgaard; Søndergaard, Charlotte; Thelle, Thomas;

    2011-01-01

    Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is an autosomal dominant intellectual disability syndrome characterised by unique facial features and congenital anomalies such as Hirschsprung disease, congenital heart defects, corpus callosum agenesis and urinary tract anomalies. Some cases also present epilepsy...

  8. Forebyggelse af overvægt hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølgaard, Christian; Dela, Flemming; Froberg, Karsten;

    2007-01-01

    The Danish Fitness and Nutrition Council has evaluated the basis for recommending strategies to prevent obesity among children and adolescents. There is limited evidence of a preventive effect from large population based interventions. It is possible, though, to change to a healthier lifestyle...

  9. Implementering av nye GOLD-stadier hos pasienter med KOLS i allmennpraksis

    OpenAIRE

    Storaker, Marit Aarvaag; Nerwey, Ibrahim; Kierulf-Strømme, Kirsten; Tengesdal, Randi Hauge; Wyller, Nora Guttormsgaard; Skårn, Elling Skeide; Cagrici, Ufuk

    2014-01-01

    Bakgrunn: GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) lanserte i 2011 nye kriterier for gradering av alvorlighetsgrad av KOLS, der man i tillegg til FEV1 ved spirometri også tar hensyn til antall eksaserbasjoner og pasientens symptombyrde. Mange pasienter havner i en lavere risikogruppe etter den nye inndelingen, og er følgelig overbehandlet med f.eks. inhalasjonssteroider. Andre kan identifiseres tidligere som høyrisikopasienter for hyppige eksaserbasjoner og raskt tap av l...

  10. Hyppighed af astma hos skolebørn. Er sygdommen underdiagnosticeret?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, A H; Duus, T; Ibsen, T B

    1993-01-01

    with measurement of peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) before and after six minutes running. Seventy-five (8.8%) had had previous periods of recurrent wheezing, and 535 (62.7%) were exposed to tobacco smoking at home. A correlation was found between passive smoking and previous recurrent wheezing. Thirty-four (4.0...... on significant exercise-induced fall in PEFR and/or a significantly increased variability of PEFR of at least 15% as measured by home recordings of PEFR. In conclusion the point prevalence of asthma diagnosed by a physician was 4.0%. In addition at least 3.2% had reproducible significant bronchial...

  11. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One...

  12. Lichen sclerosus er også en sygdom hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baskaramoorthy, Shailajah; Bygum, Anette

    2012-01-01

    of the girls had a classic porcelain white plaque in a figure-of-eight pattern encircling the vaginal introitus and perianal area. The other girl presented with vulvar bleeding raising a suspicion of sexual abuse. Both children were treated with potent topical steroids with an effective response....

  13. Selective mobilization of critical elements in incineration ashes; Selektiv mobilisering av kritiska element hos energiaskor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Svensson, Malin; Herrmann, Inga; Ecke, Holger [Luleaa Univ. of Technology (Sweden); Sjoeblom, Rolf [TEKEDO AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)

    2005-05-01

    In the project SMAK, the selective mobilization of critical elements in ashes was studied. Non-hazardous bottom ash from Daava kraftvaermeverk, Umeaa, and hazardous fly ash from Hoegdalenverket, Stockholm, line P6 were investigated. Sb, Mo, Cu, Cr and Cl{sup -} were identified as critical elements in the bottom ash since these elements exceeded the limit values for acceptance on landfills as inert waste according to the Council decision on acceptance criteria at landfills. Critical elements in the fly ash were Cr, Se, Pb and Cl{sup -}, these elements exceeded the limit values for acceptance on landfills as non-hazardous waste. The mobilization of the critical elements was studied in experiments performed according to a reduced 2{sup 6-1} factorial design with three centerpoints. Factors in the experiments were ultrasonic pre-treatment, pre-treatment with carbonation, L/S-ratio, pH, time and temperature. Empirical models of the mobilization were used to identify the optimal factor setting ensuring sufficient mobilization of critical elements, i.e. to achieve a solid residue meeting non-hazardous and inert landfill criteria for fly ash and bottom ash, respectively. No ultrasonic treatment, pre-treatment with carbonation, L/Sratio 5, pH 12, time 2h and temperature at 20 deg C were identified as optimal factor setting for the bottom ash. For the fly ash, no ultrasonic treatment, no pre-treatment with carbonation, L/S-ratio 5, pH 7, time 2h and temperature at 20 deg C were identified as optimal factor setting. The treatment with optimal factor settings did not change the classification according to the Council decision on acceptance criteria at landfills of neither ash. For the bottom ash, Sb, Mo and Cr exceeded the limit values for landfilling as inert waste according to the Council decision on acceptance criteria at landfills. Only Cr exceeded the limit value for landfilling the fly ash as non-hazardous waste. According to the Waste Decree (Avfallsfoerordningen) both treated ashes were classified as non-hazardous waste. No negative effects on the geotechnical usage could be found in the classification according to the Waste Decree. A comparison to the general guidance values for contaminated soil according to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency showed that both of the treated ashes did not meet the limit value for less sensitive land use. Since the ash properties deviated from the reference soil in the general guidance values for contaminated soil according to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, a case in point was calculated. The results showed that both ashes met the recommended limit values for less sensitive land use, with and without groundwater usage for households. The main reason for this is that substances which may influence health and environment are maintained much more strongly in the ash as compared to the soil that The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency used in its calculations for the reference values for contaminated soil. This implies that the content of such substances in the groundwater will be low and thereby also any possible effects arising in the different scenarios. (In certain cases it is possible that the ash will behave as a sink for hazardous substances even in cases where the content in the ash will exceed that of the surrounding soil.)

  14. Traethedsbrud af collum femoris hos rask maratonløber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Christensen, Ole; Lukina, Guy Feruzi;

    2009-01-01

    practitioner referred him to the hospital and a dislocated fracture of the femoral neck was detected. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct-5Fatigue fractures of the hip are rare causes of hip pain. Delayed diagnostics of this type of fracture can cause serious complications. We describe a case concerning a 32-year......Fatigue fractures of the hip are rare causes of hip pain. Delayed diagnostics of this type of fracture can cause serious complications. We describe a case concerning a 32-year-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general......-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general practitioner referred him to the hospital and a dislocated fracture of the femoral neck was detected. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct-5 Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  15. Rinitis og astma hos en rengøringsassistent i et dyreeksperimentelt laboratorium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Susanne Wulff; Omland, Øyvind

    2008-01-01

    After 15 years as a cleaner of laboratory animal facilities, a 59-year-old woman developed rhinitis and then mild asthma. One of her main job tasks was manual cleaning of cages. Her symptoms appeared shortly after an automatic cage washer was introduced where she placed dirty cages upside down...

  16. Nyopstået dyspnø med fatal udgang hos en ung, rask kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lidegaard, Øjvind; Hansen, Nikolaj Friis

    2007-01-01

    A 20-year old previously healthy woman who had been taking oral contraceptives for 2 years develops increasing dyspnoea, general ill-feeling and lower back pain over a matter of weeks. During this time she attends her general practitioner several times. She is primarily treated for what...... was in vain. Medicolegal obduction demonstrates severe double pulmonary embolism (saddle embolism). When a young previously healthy woman develops dyspnoea, the possibility of pulmonary embolism should be in mind because timely diagnosis and treatment is crucial for the prognosis. Oral contraceptives should...

  17. Laryngeal neurofibromatose hos et ni måneder gammelt barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højbak, Anette Fribo Møller; Schollert, Niels Erik; Jensen, Eva Margrethe Precht;

    2011-01-01

    Neurofibroma of the larynx is a very rare condition. A nine month-old boy presented with airway obstruction due to a plexiform neurofibroma of the larynx. It also involved the proximal part of trachea and hypopharynx. Surgical excision was not a possibility. A tracheotomy was performed in order t...

  18. Idiopatisk pulmonal hæmosiderose hos en et-årig piga med Down syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Anna Elisabeth; Høi-Hansen, Christina Engel; Buchvald, Frederik;

    2014-01-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disease. We describe a girl with Down syndrome who had no major respiratory symptoms until one year of age, where recurrent airway infections and chronic anaemia of unknown aetiology developed. At 20 months of age she had intermittent haemo...

  19. Æstetiske forudsætninger for Oplysningen hos Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasper Hertz Jansen

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Immanuel Kant's ‘Critique of Judgment’ is often read either in terms of art appreciation or teleology. In this paper however, the object is to examine the ‘Critique of Judgment’, especially the concepts of the Beautiful and the Sublime, in relation to the Kantian version of the Enlightenment. The main theses in the paper are as following: That Beauty can provide us with the sensuous experience of the possibility of the moral law and that the Sublime can provide us with the sensuous experience of the possibility that we as rational beings can effectuate the actual existence of the moral law.

  20. Smerter i nakken hos børn kan skyldes retrofaryngeal absces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoos, Ann-Marie Malby; Damgaard, Bodil; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt

    2012-01-01

    A six-year-old boy presented with fever, neck pain, and ear pain. Within days, the motility of his neck limited, his temperature rose, and blood samples showed signs of infection. On suspicion of cervical spondylodiscitis, a bone scintigraphy was performed, but gave negative results. A magnetic r...... resonance imaging of the neck area showed results, which led to the diagnosis of a retropharyngeal abscess. This case is a reminder that retropharyngeal abscess poses a diagnostic challenge for the physician, and that the prognosis is potentially serious....