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Sample records for ankeltraume hos patient

  1. Fod- og ankeltraume hos patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falborg, Bettina; Ebskov, Lars

    2009-01-01

    If confronted with a neuropathic patient with an acute foot-ankle trauma, including fracture, this patient is by definition Eichenholtz stage 0. This is of major importance for the treatment. Whereas the surgical handling of fractures does not differ from ordinary fracture treatment, the subsequent...

  2. Fod- og ankeltraume hos patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falborg, Bettina; Ebskov, Lars

    2009-01-01

    treatment of sprains and fractures with immobilisation and a non-weight bearing period is significantly prolonged, frequently doubled, in diabetic patients. Follow-up includes frequent ambulatory controls including X-rays. If the neuroarthropathy progresses, the period of treatment is adjusted accordingly.......If confronted with a neuropathic patient with an acute foot-ankle trauma, including fracture, this patient is by definition Eichenholtz stage 0. This is of major importance for the treatment. Whereas the surgical handling of fractures does not differ from ordinary fracture treatment, the subsequent...

  3. Fod- og ankeltraume hos patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falborg, Bettina; Ebskov, Lars

    2009-01-01

    If confronted with a neuropathic patient with an acute foot-ankle trauma, including fracture, this patient is by definition Eichenholtz stage 0. This is of major importance for the treatment. Whereas the surgical handling of fractures does not differ from ordinary fracture treatment, the subsequent...... treatment of sprains and fractures with immobilisation and a non-weight bearing period is significantly prolonged, frequently doubled, in diabetic patients. Follow-up includes frequent ambulatory controls including X-rays. If the neuroarthropathy progresses, the period of treatment is adjusted accordingly...

  4. Fod- og ankeltraume hos patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falborg, Bettina; Ebskov, Lars

    2009-01-01

    If confronted with a neuropathic patient with an acute foot-ankle trauma, including fracture, this patient is by definition Eichenholtz stage 0. This is of major importance for the treatment. Whereas the surgical handling of fractures does not differ from ordinary fracture treatment, the subsequent...... treatment of sprains and fractures with immobilisation and a non-weight bearing period is significantly prolonged, frequently doubled, in diabetic patients. Follow-up includes frequent ambulatory controls including X-rays. If the neuroarthropathy progresses, the period of treatment is adjusted accordingly....

  5. Lejringsskader hos rygopererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sestoft, Bodil; Larsen, Birgit; Erlandsen, Mogens

    2009-01-01

    after surgery using a structured guide RESULTS: In all, 33 patients had nerve injuries one year after surgery, among these 18 patients had nerve injuries located to the upper extremities. CONCLUSION: A possible association between the duration of the prone position and positioning injuries emerged......, but there was no connection between nerve injuries located to the upper extremities and the predisposing factors. Nerve injuries in arms/hands influence daily living. Future studies are needed to investigate predisposing factors such as high body mass index and body build, and guidelines for positioning are recommended......INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to answer the questions: Which kind of positioning injuries occurred in anaesthetized orthopaedic patients undergoing spine surgery who were prone-positioned for more than two hours? What was the incidence of positioning injuries? Which patients were...

  6. Delirium hos kritisk syge patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Pande-Rolfsen, Guri; Hagen, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Interest in and the quantity of publications on delirium in critically ill patients have grown increasingly over the last decade. Critically ill patients have traditionally been sedated to facilitate mechanical ventilation. This practice impeded the recognition of delirium in the critically ill...... patients, and consequently the disorder was underdiagnosed. Delirium in the critically ill patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Less sedation, guided by protocols with daily wake up trials, and validated delirium scoring systems, have improved the opportunities to diagnose...... and monitor delirium in the critically ill patients. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct-19...

  7. Muskelstyrken hos patienter med fibromyalgi. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dombernowsky, Tilde; Dreyer, Lene; Bartels, Else Marie

    2008-01-01

    Do patients with fibromyalgia (FM) have reduced muscular strength? We examined 22 articles and conclude from the results of these that FM patients have reduced muscular strength in their hands and quadriceps. The material also suggests generalised reduced muscular strength. However, the studies...

  8. Immunmedieret perikarditis hos patient med meningokokmeningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglsang Hansen, Janne; Johansen, Isik Somuncu

    2014-01-01

    Extrameningial manifestations in patients with meningococcal meningitis are rare. One of these manifestations is immune-mediated or purulent pericarditis. We present a case where a patient with meningococcal meningitis developed pericarditis on the 11th day after admission. A pericardial puncture...

  9. Ventrikulaere takyarytmier hos patienter med kardiomyopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Kristoffer; Christensen, Alex Hørby; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the number and distribution of cardiomyopathies as the aetiology of ventricular tachyarrhythmias among patients discharged from the Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective review......), 57 (45%) patients had arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and 13 (10%) had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The average age was 44 years for HCM, 41 years for ARVC and 58 years for DCM. The majority of the patients were male. ICD treatment was used in 95% of the patients...... cardiology department. Implantation of an ICD device has a central position in the treatment of patients with cardiomyopathy and ventricular tachyarrythmias and is primarily used as a prophylactic treatment....

  10. Ventrikulaere takyarytmier hos patienter med kardiomyopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Kristoffer; Christensen, Alex Hørby; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the number and distribution of cardiomyopathies as the aetiology of ventricular tachyarrhythmias among patients discharged from the Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective review......), 57 (45%) patients had arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and 13 (10%) had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The average age was 44 years for HCM, 41 years for ARVC and 58 years for DCM. The majority of the patients were male. ICD treatment was used in 95% of the patients...... cardiology department. Implantation of an ICD device has a central position in the treatment of patients with cardiomyopathy and ventricular tachyarrythmias and is primarily used as a prophylactic treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jun...

  11. Muskelstyrken hos patienter med fibromyalgi. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dombernowsky, Tilde; Dreyer, Lene; Bartels, Else Marie

    2008-01-01

    Do patients with fibromyalgia (FM) have reduced muscular strength? We examined 22 articles and conclude from the results of these that FM patients have reduced muscular strength in their hands and quadriceps. The material also suggests generalised reduced muscular strength. However, the studies...... have several methodological shortcomings and future studies should be carefully designed with respect to patients as well as the control group and should be larger. To avoid CNS influence from e.g. fatigue and pain, muscular electro-stimulation may be used to ensure that the actual maximal muscular...

  12. Dermatologiske reaktioner hos patienter i antineoplastisk behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Sumangali Chandra; Vestergaard, Hanne; Bygum, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Every year more than 33,000 Danish patients are treated with traditional chemotherapy or targeted therapy against cancer. Cutaneous side effects to these therapies are common and may contribute significantly to the morbidity, but rarely to the mortality of the patients undergoing these treatments....... We present the most classical types of drug rashes associated with antineoplastic therapy. Haematologists, oncologists and dermatologists should be aware of these reactions and early recognition and management is important for providing optimal care....

  13. MBHI hos patienter med kroniske rygsmerter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Kastberg, S.; Jensen, Hans Henrik

    1991-01-01

    Studied the predictive validity of the MBHI (T. Millon et al, 1982) and analyzed the differences in personality and attitudes between patients with chronic lower-back pain and patients with acute pain. Human Ss: 26 male and female adults (aged 28–60 yrs) (chronic lower-back pain); 24 male and fem...... of treatment to determine the extent of the success of the therapy. The actual success of the therapy was compared with the predictions for success based on the MBHI results. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)...

  14. Svaer hyperkaliaemi ved gastroenteritis hos kolektomeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lasse Bremholm; Winkel, Rasmus; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2010-01-01

    Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening condition that causes primarily cardiac and muscular dysfunction with potentially fatal consequences. This case report describes a case of severe hyperkalemia (9,1 mmol/l) caused by acute prerenal failure due to dehydration. The severe dehydration was cau...... was caused by a combination of reduced fluid intake due to gastroenteritis and a hampered capacity for intestinal fluid absorption, due to previous colectomy. The patient developed classic signs of hyperkalemia with electrocardiogram changes and muscular dysfunction....

  15. Klinisk retningslinje for opsporing af angst og/eller depression hos indlagte og ambulante patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strømstad, Grisja Vorre; Stassen, Ingelise Trosborg; Lassen Nielsen, Stine

    2015-01-01

    Formålet med den kliniske retningslinje er, at identificere screeningsredskaber der kan opspore angst og depression hos patienter med KOL, så patienter med angst og/eller depression bliver tilbudt relevant behandling....

  16. Selvstyring af peroral antikoagulationsbehandling hos patienter med kunstige hjerteklapper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasenkam, J. Michael; Kimose, H H; Grønnesby, H

    1998-01-01

    of training. No patients experienced major bleeds or thrombo-embolic events. A control group of 20 patients from our department was matched, retrospectively, to the study group. The self-managing patients were within the therapeutic INR range 78% of the study period compared to 54% for the control patients....... All self-managing patients had their median INR-value within the therapeutic range, versus only 14 in the control group. Self-management of oral anticoagulant therapy seems feasible for selected patients. Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Nov-16...

  17. Collum femoris-fraktur hos en patient med osteopetrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghasemi, Habib; Nielsen, Frank Arne Farsø; Lamm, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary bone disease characterized by increased bone density. Patients with adult osteopetrosis are often diagnosed incidentally by Xray or on the presence of recurrent fractures. Internal fixations of fractures in patients with osteopetrosis are challenging due...

  18. Pause med trombocytaggregationshaemmere hos kirurgiske patienter med kardiel stent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy

    2010-01-01

    Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is increasingly used for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Anesthesiologists and surgeons are faced with the challenge of managing these patients prior to a surgical procedure...

  19. Ustabil rygfraktur hos en patient med paranoid skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydemann, Mogens

    2012-01-01

    The misdiagnosis of somatic illness in the psychiatric population can have grave consequences. Somatic symptoms are easily overseen or misinterpreted and a careful history and examination is essential when approaching this group of patients. We report a case of a patient with a history of paranoid...... schizophrenia, who had her somatic symptoms misinterpreted as being of psychiatric origin. This misinterpretation gave rise to an admission to a psychiatric ward of a patient who actually presented with an unstable spinal fracture....

  20. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BON) is mainly observed in patients with multiple myeloma, and to a lesser extent in breast and prostate cancer patients receiving intravenous treatment with potent bisphosphonates. The incidence of BON increases with the duration...

  1. Behandling af kroniske sygdomme hos patienter med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Hanne; Klinkby, Kristian Skikkild; Waldorff, Frans Borch

    2017-01-01

    Comorbidity is common in patients with dementia, and due to the nature of the dementia disease, patients with dementia have special challenges in relation to comorbidity. This article is about dementia and heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, urinary incontinence, falls...

  2. Behandlingsresultater hos patienter med cancer i papilla Vateri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Sune; Bendixen, Morten; Fristrup, Claus Wilki

    2010-01-01

    Cancer of the papilla of Vater is a relatively rare disease. It is difficult to separate from other periampullary tumours at the time of diagnosis. Recent studies have shown that patients with cancer of the papilla tend survive longer than patients with pancreatic cancer and cancers of biliary...

  3. Progressiv multifokal leukoencefalopati hos en patient med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Cecilie Balslev; Engsig, Frederik Neess; Eskildsen, Helle Wulf

    2014-01-01

    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare demyelinating disease in the central nervous system. It is caused by reactivation of John Cunningham-virus and has a grave prognosis. PML occurs most frequently in HIV-patients, but can also be seen in patients with iatrogenic immunodefic...

  4. Ultralydsskanning af lungerne hos den kritisk syge patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Søren Vad; Christiansen, Aage; Sloth, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Lung sonography is an old technique applied in a new fashion. Applying lung sonography in the examination of an acute patient with pulmonary problems is a novelty in Denmark. Applications, limitations, techniques, equipment and general principles for lung sonography are reviewed. We introduce...... the "typical signs" such as lung sliding and artefacts. The rationale for lung ultrasonography in the treatment of acute patients seems obvious when comparing this technique with conventional diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of pulmonary status. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-31...

  5. Abdominal fedme og fedmerelaterede sygdomme hos patienter i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugan, Ketil; Rost, Dan; Knudsen, Nils

    2010-01-01

    Abdominal obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia and hypertension. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and its relationship with these comorbidities have not previously been examined in Danish primary care patients.......Abdominal obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia and hypertension. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and its relationship with these comorbidities have not previously been examined in Danish primary care patients....

  6. Risikofaktorer for selvmord hos patienter med dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E N; Koch-Henriksen, N J; Stenager, E

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to describe risk factors for suicide in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study is based on available information about MS-patients identified in the Danish MS Registry with onset of disease in the period 1950-1985. In order to characterize MS suicides...... with respect to risk factors comparisons were made for male and female suicides, and for various groups of MS suicides according to disability status. The male suicides were characterized by a tendency to commit suicide in the age interval 40-49 years, the use of a violent method, previous suicidal behaviour...

  7. Udvikling af sklerodermisk krise hos patient med uerkendt sklerodermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kristine Lindhard; Hansen, Alastair; Halberg, Poul

    2014-01-01

    Less than 10% of the patients with systemic scleroderma develop renal crisis, i.e. acute renal failure and severe hypertension in most cases. Kidney biopsy shows hypertensive arteriolar changes. This complication was lethal until treatment with captopril was introduced in 1976. Since that time...

  8. Praeoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...

  9. Legionella pneumoni hos patienter, der er i behandling med infliximab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinter, Hanne; Nielsen, Henrik Ib

    2009-01-01

    Therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors is widely used in various inflammatory disorders, but adverse events from severe infections with intracellular pathogens may occur. We describe two cases of severe pulmonary legionellosis in patients treated with infliximab for Crohn's disease...

  10. Diabetisk nefropati. Uaendret forekomst hos patienter med insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rossing, P; Rossing, K; Jacobsen, P

    1996-01-01

    Recently, a dramatic decline in the cumulative incidence of diabetic nephropathy (less than 10% after 25 years of diabetes) has been reported in IDDM patients diagnosed between 1961 and 1980. In a clinic based study we assessed recent trends in the incidence of diabetic nephropathy. All 356...... patients in whom IDDM was diagnosed before the age of 41 years between 1965 and 1979, identified in 1984 were followed to 1991 or to death. The cumulative incidence of diabetic nephropathy (urinary albumin excretion 300 mg/24 hours in two out of three consecutive samples) after 15 years of diabetes...... and in 1991 were (cumulative incidence (SE)): 18 (4)% and 35 (5)% (onset of diabetes 1965-69, n = 113), 20 (4)% and 35 (5)% (onset of diabetes 1970-74, n = 130), and 16 (5)% (onset of diabetes 1975-79, n = 113), respectively (ns). The mean (SE) haemoglobin A1c measured yearly beginning in 1984 was higher...

  11. Praeoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Meulengracht Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...... to fMRI activation was measured using GE-reformat version 4.2 after raw data had been postprocessed using GE BrainwavePA version 1.3.08130. The neurosurgeons valuation of fMRI in the preoperative decision-making process was obtained using a standard questionnaire. RESULTS: There was a trend...... of association between distance from tumour to eloquent functional areas and the patients' postoperative neurological outcome (Fisher's exact test: distance operate or not (42%), when deciding the surgical approach...

  12. Praeoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...... to fMRI activation was measured using GE-reformat version 4.2 after raw data had been postprocessed using GE BrainwavePA version 1.3.08130. The neurosurgeons valuation of fMRI in the preoperative decision-making process was obtained using a standard questionnaire. RESULTS: There was a trend...... of association between distance from tumour to eloquent functional areas and the patients' postoperative neurological outcome (Fisher's exact test: distance operate or not (42%), when deciding the surgical approach (50...

  13. Dyb venetrombose i penis hos patient med malign sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghasemi, Habib; Ajan, Rullah

    2014-01-01

    Thrombosis of the deep penile venous system in a patient with a malignant disease Thrombosis of the deep penile venous system is extremely rare and must be clearly distinguished from superficial thrombosis because it may cause serious clinical complications. We present a 76-year-old man with thro...... with thrombosis of the vena dorsalis penis profunda three months after being diagnosed with disse­m­­inated non-small cell lung cancer. Total remission of the thrombosis was achieved with daily subcutaneous injections with heparin for four weeks....

  14. Praeoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben

    2010-01-01

    deficits by means of a standardised method for measurement of distance. A second purpose was to investigate the influence of preoperative fMRI on the neurosurgical decision-making process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 25 patients. The inclusion criteria were surgery or biopsy after f...... to fMRI activation was measured using GE-reformat version 4.2 after raw data had been postprocessed using GE BrainwavePA version 1.3.08130. The neurosurgeons valuation of fMRI in the preoperative decision-making process was obtained using a standard questionnaire. RESULTS: There was a trend......INTRODUCTION: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) allows important functions in the brain cortex to be mapped noninvasively. The purpose with this work was to investigate a possible correlation between the distance from the tumour margin to fMRI activity and postoperative neurological...

  15. Forebyggelse af dyb venetrombose (DVT) i underekstremiteter hos voksne hospitalsindlagte patienter gennem mobilisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonna Gintberg

    2011-01-01

    strømper, men som et veldokumenteret supplement. Metode: Et litteratur studie med det fokuserede spørgsmål: Kan tidlig mobilisering reducere forekomsten af DVT i underekstremiteterne hos voksne. Systematiske søgninger blev foretaget i: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl og Trip. Litteratursøgningen afdækkede...

  16. Akut induceret diabetes mellitus hos en patient i behandling for metastaserende malignt melanom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard Jørgensen, Line; Yderstræde, Knud Bonnet

    2018-01-01

    Behandling med immuncheckpointhæmmere ved dissemineret malignt melanom har vundet betydeligt indpas i de seneste par år pga. effekten på overlevelsen hos patienterne med denne lidelse. Der er beskrevet en række endokrinologisk relaterede bivirkninger af behandlingen, herunder hypofysitis og...... tyroiditis/myksødem. På kasuistisk niveau er der desuden beskrevet få tilfælde af akut opstået diabetes mellitus...

  17. Strubelammelse hos hund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miles, James; Eriksen, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Strubelammelse (larynxparese) er en dysfunktion af strubehovedet, der medfører en stærkt nedsat eller som oftest helt fraværende evne til at åbne stemmeridsen (rima glottidis) ved inspiration. De lammede stemmebånd står immobile i paramedian stilling, hvilket medfører begrænset og besværet...... og hoste. Strubelammelse er enten medfødt eller erhvervet. Den medfødte form udgør 20-30 procent af patienter, hvor symptomerne debuterer hos unge dyr med kraftig ophobning i racer som Bouvier de Flandre, Siberian husky, Dalmatiner og Bull terrier. Den erhvervede lammelse er den hyppigste form og ses...

  18. Distriktssköterskans arbete med, och erfarenhet av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter med pre-diabetes : En kvalitativ intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    Erlandsson, Emma; Johnson, Marit

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva distriktssköterskans arbete med, och erfarenhet av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter med pre-diabetes inom primärvården. Metod var en empirisk intervjustudie med en kvalitativ ansats. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes, intervjumaterialet analyserades utifrån Graneheim och Lundmans innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att patienter med pre-diabetes oftast upptäcktes i samband med årskontrollen hypertoni eller då de sökte för andra besvär. Blods...

  19. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Brask-Lindemann, Dorte; Vestbo, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have a high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease....

  20. Selvmord hos patienter med apopleksi. En epidemiologisk undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E N; Madsen, C; Stenager, E

    1999-01-01

    patients was increased compared to the background population, i.e. the total population of the County of Funen. The patients were followed for causes of death until end of 1989. Standard Mortality Ratios for suicide standardized for age and sex in male and female stroke patients were calculated. A total......, to improve the care of patients suffering from the impairment of a stroke. This is a continuous process, and studies are needed in order to decide how this is best done....

  1. Claudicatio intermittens--sociale aspekter hos yngre ikke-opererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundvall, L; Jensen, K H; Simonsen, L

    1989-01-01

    A total of 107 patients suffering from intermittent claudication (CI) was studied after a mean observation time of 5.9 years. Thirty-one (29%) had died during the observation period. A questionnaire was sent to 76 patients and 78% replied. All patients were under 50 years of age at the first cons...

  2. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...

  3. Præsentation af symptomer i almen praksis hos patienter med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tine Nørgaard; Hansen, Rikke Pilegaard; Vedsted, Peter

    2010-01-01

    and prostate cancer presented diagnosis-specific symptoms (change in bowel habits, cough and bladder dysfunction) as well as more non-specific symptoms (pain, weight loss and fatigue). The GPs interpreted the symptoms as alarm symptoms in 49%, as general symptoms in 24% and as non-cancer specific symptoms...... was 3,208 corresponding to 1.7 reported symptoms per patient. The majority (57.6%) of patients presented only one symptom. Symptoms varied with the type of cancer. Patients with breast cancer and malignant melanoma mainly presented with diagnosis-specific symptoms. Patients with colorectal, lung......INTRODUCTION: For the majority of cancer patients, the diagnostic investigations begin in general practice. The aim of the study was to investigate for which symptoms cancer patients consulted their general practitioner (GP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All newly diagnosed cancer patients and their GPs...

  4. Behandling af højt blodtryk hos patienter med akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, T S; Jørgensen, H S; Garde, E

    1995-01-01

    The study was performed to investigate how often reduction of high blood pressure (> or = 220 mmHg systolic and or > or = 120 mmHg diastolic) was attempted in patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Of 1351 consecutive patients with acute stroke or TIA 119 had high blood...... encephalopathy. It is concluded that reduction of high blood pressure in patients with stroke or TIA is attempted too often. As autoregulation is commonly impaired in acute stroke, reduction of systemic blood pressure may enhance ischaemic tissue damage. Reduction of blood pressure in acute stroke should...... pressure on admission. In 15 patients the stroke was so severe that treatment was not considered. In the remaining 104 patients reduction of the blood pressure was attempted in 28 (27%); in 23 patients immediately following admission. None of the patients had symptoms or signs of hypertensive...

  5. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis are ...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments....

  6. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments....

  7. Effekten af cellebehandling hos patienter med kronisk iskæmisk hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Anders Bruun; Ali Qayyum, Abbas; Kastrup, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The present Cochrane review included 23 studies randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials with a total of 1,255 patients. The effect of autologous cell therapy versus placebo was examined on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), adverse effects and mortality in patients with chronic isch...

  8. "Det er mit hjerte, det drejer sig om" - Eksistentielle overvejelser hos patienter med atrieflimren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lien Hansen, Maria; Christiansen, Anette Wendelboe; Kappel, Nanna

    2013-01-01

    Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disturbance, and 50,000 Danes are living with this disease. Studies show reduced quality of life, including increased tendency to anxiety in the patient group. However, there are no studies dealing with anxiety in patients with atrial fibrillati...... hospitalisation. Instead they are alone with their thoughts and anxiety....

  9. Metabolisk kontrol med insulin hos patienter med diabetes mellitus og akut myokardieinfarkt (DIGAMI 2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Ida; Malmberg, Klas; Rydén, Lars

    2006-01-01

    Patients with diabetes have an unfavourable prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction. The DIGAMI 2 study investigated the effect of various metabolic treatment strategies in type 2 diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction: acutely introduced, long-term insulin treatment did...

  10. Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Sabagh, Kifah Hekmat; Christensen, Britta Ege; Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The presence of a cardiac implantable device is ICD considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing MRI in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need...... for MRI examination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a period of nine years we have included 65 patients with cardiac devices (60 pacemakers and five ICDs) who underwent a total of 73 MRI examinations at 1.5 T. All pacemakers were reprogrammed before MRI to asynchronous mode to avoid MRI-induced inhibition...... safely in 63 patients. Inhibition of pacemaker output was observed in one patient and induction of ventricular fibrillation was observed in another with ICD. A significant increase in PCT was rare and only detected in 1% of all electrodes. CONCLUSION: MRI can be performed safely in patients...

  11. Hos de uvidende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Pernille Scholdan; Dahms, Mona-Lisa

    2004-01-01

    I artiklen "Hos de ?uvidende? ? om tavs viden og teknologisk forandring i Tanzania? undersøges tavs viden som ressource i de teknologiske forandrings - processer, som finder sted i Tanzanias landdistrikter. Med en teoretisk ramme for viden, teknologisk viden og innovation, arbejdes der i artiklen...

  12. Anaemi - praevalens og ætiologi hos patienter indlagt på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Andreas James Thestrup; Skjelbo, Erik

    2008-01-01

    with that suggested in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age, sex and hemoglobin concentrations (hgb) were registered for patients referred to the acute geriatric ward of Odense University Hospital between 6/1/04 and 8/31/04. The prevalence of anemia was determined on the basis of the local laboratory's sex......INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia among acutely admitted geriatric patients, and among these patients to ascertain how often anemia is listed as a diagnosis, the distribution of these diagnoses and to compare the diagnostic approach to anemia...

  13. Karotinaemi hos patient med excessivt betakarotinfødeindtag og dysreguleret diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Carsten Sauer; Mikkelsen, Dorthe Bisgaard; Lindegaard, Hanne Merete

    2009-01-01

    A case of carotinaemia in a patient with excessive beta-carotene food-intake, diabetes mellitus and physiological amenorrhea is reported. The patient developed yellow discolouration in the palms and the soles of her feet. Blood samples showed a significantly increased lever of serum beta......-carotene, but normal vitamine A value and liver enzymes. The patient reported an excessive intake of carrots (approximately 1 kg per day). The status of physiological amenorrhoea and dysregulated diabetes mellitus may have deteriorated the yellow discolouration of the skin. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-26...

  14. Effekten af Ginkgo biloba-ekstrakt hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Petersen, J R; Wïnberg, N

    1996-01-01

    Eighteen patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a double blind cross-over study comparing the effects of the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 at a dose of 120 mg o.d. with placebo. All patients were treated for three months with the active extract and three months with placebo...... and the inability to remember were both reduced, when comparing results during active treatment to placebo. Short-term memory did not change significantly. In conclusion, our study has shown that treatment with the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 improves some cognitive functions in elderly patients with moderate...

  15. Mannanbindende lektin og mortalitet hos patienter med type 2-diabetes--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Krarup; Gall, Mari-Anne; Tarnow, Lise

    2009-01-01

    We evaluated the relationship between serum mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and mortality and incident albuminuria in 326 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). During 15 years of follow-up, 169 patients died. In a multivariate analysis, MBL was a significant risk factor for death from any...... cause and added to the predictive power of CRP. Normoalbuminuric patients with both high MBL and high C-reactive protein (CRP) levels had a significantly increased risk of developing albuminuria. We conclude that MBL alone or in combination with CRP can provide prognostic information on mortality...

  16. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov......INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...

  17. Polyglykonat- eller polyglykolsyresutur hos patienter med forventet haemmet sårheling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osther, P J; Gjøde, P; Mortensen, B B

    1997-01-01

    A randomized study of abdominal fascial closure using interrupted polyglyconate and polyglycolic acid sutures after laparotomy was carried out in 204 consecutive patients with suspected impaired wound healing. There were no statistically significant differences between the two sutures with regard...... and incisional hernia after laparotomy in patients with suspected impaired wound healing but the incidence of wound infection may be reduced compared with that of multifilament polyglycolic acid suture. Udgivelsesdato: 1997-Feb-17...... to development of fascial disruption and incisional hernia. Wound infection demanding surgical intervention was found in 7% of patients with polyglyconate sutures and in 16% of those with polyglycolic acid sutures (p = 0.04). Monofilament polyglyconate suture does not reduce the incidence of fascial disruption...

  18. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...... size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  19. Cerebralt aspergillom hos patient med immundefekt og follikulært lymfom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Talibi, Monica Nicole; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of central nervous system aspergillosis in an immunocompromised 69-year-old male with a history of chemotherapeutic treatment for follicular lymphoma. The patient presented with aphasia, apraxia and confusion. An MRI of the central nervous system and Aspergillus antigen in the s......We present a case of central nervous system aspergillosis in an immunocompromised 69-year-old male with a history of chemotherapeutic treatment for follicular lymphoma. The patient presented with aphasia, apraxia and confusion. An MRI of the central nervous system and Aspergillus antigen...

  20. Cerebralt aspergillom hos patient med immundefekt og follikulært lymfom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Talibi, Monica Nicole; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of central nervous system aspergillosis in an immunocompromised 69-year-old male with a history of chemotherapeutic treatment for follicular lymphoma. The patient presented with aphasia, apraxia and confusion. An MRI of the central nervous system and Aspergillus antigen in the s...... in the spinal fluid was suggestive for this invasive fungal infection. Despite treatment with voriconazole the patient succumbed to the infection. A rise in rare, severe infectious complications as presented is expected due to increasing dose-intensity of chemotherapy....

  1. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    of health care, the patient's pathological picture and the quality of treatment given, and a preoperative delay of at least 6 hours was examined using modified Poisson regression analyses. RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a preoperative delay = 6 hours: 1) out of hospital versus...... was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...

  2. Intensiveret multifaktoriel intervention hos patienter med type 2-diabetes mellitus og mikroalbuminuri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaede, P H; Jepsen, P V; Parving, H H

    1999-01-01

    of behaviour modification, pharmacological therapy targeting hyperglycaemia, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and microalbuminuria. The primary endpoint was development of nephropathy. Secondary endpoints were incidence or progression of diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Patients were followed for 3.8 years....... The intensive group had significantly lower rates of progression to hephropathy (odds ratio 0.27 [95% CI 0.10-0.75]), progression of retinopathy (0.45 (0.21-0.95]), and progression of autonomic neuropathy (0.32 [0.12-0.78]). In conclusion, intensified multifactorial intervention in patients with type 2 diabetic...

  3. Øget forekomst af depression hos patienter med hepatitis C-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjerrild, Simon; Renvillard, Signe Groth; Leutscher, Peter Derek Christian

    2010-01-01

    neuroinfection. Evidence to support that former intravenous drug abuse increases the risk of depression is lacking. It is particularly important to diagnose and treat depression in HCV patients as it constitutes a relative contraindication to antiviral treatment and may jeopardize therapeutic outcome.......The prevalence of depression is increased in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Several aetiological mechanisms are thought to be involved, e.g. premorbid psychiatric disease, genetic disposition to affective disorders, socio-economic factors, stigmatization and possibly HCV...

  4. Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Sabagh, Kifah Hekmat; Christensen, Britta Ege; Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The presence of a cardiac implantable device is ICD considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing MRI in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need fo...

  5. Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Sabagh, Kifah Hekmat; Christensen, Britta Ege; Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe

    2010-01-01

    The presence of a cardiac implantable device is ICD considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing MRI in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need for MRI examinat...

  6. Femoro-acetabulaer impingement: årsag til lyskesmerter og tidlig hofteslidgigt hos yngre patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Winge, Søren

    2007-01-01

    important, often subtle, malformations of the hip joint which are thought to play an important role pathogenetically for the development of hip osteoarthritis and hip pain especially in younger, active patients. The common denominator for these malformations is that they cause femoro-acetabular impingement...

  7. Psykiatriloven forhindrer ikke alvorlige selvmordsforsøg hos patienter med skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day Poulsen, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    The Danish Mental Health Act does not prevent serious suicide attempts in patients with severe schizophrenia and a lack of compliance to medication. A case in which outpatient involuntary treatment could have prevented a very serious suicidal attempt is presented. In Denmark, outpatient involuntary...

  8. Transkateter-aortaklapimplantation hos patienter med svær aortaklapstenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre Thygesen, Julie; Loh, Poay Huan; Franzen, Olaf

    2012-01-01

    and relatively few serious associated complications. TAVI is now an established treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients who have prohibitive or high surgical risk; and the treatment has proven to yield symptomatic and prognostic benefits. Innovations and advances continue in this field....

  9. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med prostatacancer uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt; Eiken, Frederik L

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss in patients with prostate cancer due to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist, GnRH-antagonist and orchidectomi therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of non...

  10. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences b...

  11. Ny glukosestyret pumpe til stram glukosekontrol hos patient med diabetes under graviditet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilemann-Lyberg, Sascha; Solis, Anette Bratt; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

    2014-01-01

    Continuous glucose monitoring enables innovative insulin pumps to stop infusion of insulin at selected blood glucose thresholds. We present the first and successful Danish clinical case using this device, a Medtronics Veo insulin pump, in a patient with numerous cases of severe hypoglycaemia during...... earlier pregnancies. During this treatment insulin infusion was frequently stopped and severe hypoglycaemia prevented in the remaining part of pregnancy....

  12. Claudicatio intermittens--sociale aspekter hos yngre ikke-opererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundvall, L; Jensen, K H; Simonsen, L

    1989-01-01

    consultation. No patients had been operated upon. The ratio women:men was 1:1.3. 33% received disability pensions or some other kind of pensions. Fifty-eight had limited their spare-time activities because of CI. It is concluded that a close control and reconstructive arteria surgery must still be recommended...

  13. Cowdens syndrom diagnosticeret hos patienter med store hoveder, falske vorter og struma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Anne-Bine; Bojesen, Anders; Bygum, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Cowden syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome with a predisposition to cancer. We present a case of Cowden syndrome in a mother and her son, who were diagnosed with palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, macrocephaly and goitre. Early diagnosis is a challenge as the patients present with a variety...

  14. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med prostatacancer uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt; Eiken, Frederik L

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss in patients with prostate cancer due to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist, GnRH-antagonist and orchidectomi therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of no...

  15. Medicinsk behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med moderat til svaert nedsat nyrefunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Vestergaard, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Both chronic kidney disease and osteoporosis are frequent conditions in the general population. Most drugs for treating osteoporosis seem safe in terms of affecting renal function for patients with mildly to moderate decreased renal function. There are very few data on the efficacy (reduction in ...

  16. Behandling af svær anæmi hos patienter, der afviser blodtransfusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Kjær, Bjarne Nordstrøm; Olsen, Karsten Skovgaard

    2014-01-01

    In situations involving serious bleeding and anaemia, a refusal of blood transfusion puts the clinician in an ethical and medical dilemma, as standard treatment is not an option, and the patient risks dying of a potentially reversible cause. This status article describes methods of treatment under...

  17. Ny glukosestyret pumpe til stram glukosekontrol hos patient med diabetes under graviditet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilemann-Lyberg, Sascha; Solis, Anette Bratt; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

    2014-01-01

    Continuous glucose monitoring enables innovative insulin pumps to stop infusion of insulin at selected blood glucose thresholds. We present the first and successful Danish clinical case using this device, a Medtronics Veo insulin pump, in a patient with numerous cases of severe hypoglycaemia duri...

  18. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit was conducted...

  19. Padma-28, et urtepraeparat, øger gangdistancen hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Mehlsen, J; Petersen, J R

    1994-01-01

    Thirty-six patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a doubleblind study either to treatment with two tablets of Padma-28 twice daily (containing 340 mg dried herbal mixture composed according to an ancient lamaistic prescription) or placebo for four months. Effect...

  20. Immunmodulerende effekt af LongoVital hos patienter med recidiverende aftøs stomatit. 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A; Klausen, B; Hougen, H P

    1991-01-01

    LongoVital (LV) (DK. reg. no. 5178/75) is a herbal-based tablet enriched with recommended doses of vitamins. Peripheral lymphocyte subsets: T-helper/CD4 (OKT4+) and T-suppressor/cytotoxic/CD8 (OKT8+) were studied quantitatively in 31 otherwise healthy patients with minor recurrent aphthous...

  1. Zygomycosis (mucormycosis) hos patienter med malign hæmatologisk lidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Eva Magrethe Precht; Clemmensen, Stine; Bjørndal, Kristine

    2011-01-01

    Zygomycosis is an invasive and increasingly emerging life-threatening infection. Diabetes is the most common risk factor; however, zygomycosis has increased among patients with haematologic malignancy, which is now the second most common risk factor with an incidence of 16%. Rapid diagnosis and t...

  2. Effekten af Ginkgo biloba-ekstrakt hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Petersen, J R; Wïnberg, N

    1996-01-01

    and the inability to remember were both reduced, when comparing results during active treatment to placebo. Short-term memory did not change significantly. In conclusion, our study has shown that treatment with the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 improves some cognitive functions in elderly patients with moderate...

  3. Brug af nervestimulator ved anlaeggelse af nervus ischiadicus-blokade hos en crusamputeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiring, Christian; Kristensen, Billy B

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of a sciatic nerve block performed with the nerve stimulation technique. This technique is normally not used in amputees because detection of a motor response to an electrical stimulation is impossible. In our patient the stimulation provoked a phantom sensation of movement...

  4. Diabetisk ketoacidose hos en hiv-positiv patient i antiretroviral behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Malene Rahbek; Hansen, Birgitte Rønde; Røder, Michael E

    2006-01-01

    Following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a number of metabolic and morphologic alterations, known as HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS), have been increasingly common in HIV-infected patients being treated with this therapy. The use of protease inhibit...

  5. Effekten af Ginkgo biloba-ekstrakt hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Petersen, J R; Wïnberg, N

    1996-01-01

    Eighteen patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a double blind cross-over study comparing the effects of the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 at a dose of 120 mg o.d. with placebo. All patients were treated for three months with the active extract and three months with placebo....... The effects of treatment on arterial insufficiency were quantified by measurements of systemic and peripheral systolic blood pressures, and pain-free and maximal walking distances on a tread-mill. Questionnaires based on visual analogue scales were used to quantify the severity of leg pain, impairment...... of concentration, and inability to remember. Short-term memory was objectively assessed. We did not find any significant changes in either peripheral blood pressures, walking distances or the severity of leg pain. Systemic blood pressure was reduced both by placebo and GB-8. The impairment of concentration...

  6. Herpes simplex-virus type 1 påvist hos patient med herpes zoster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Patricia Louise; Schønning, Kristian; Larsen, Helle Kiellberg

    2012-01-01

    In this case report we present an otherwise healthy 63 year-old male patient with herpes zoster corresponding to the 2nd left branch of the trigeminal nerve. Real time-polymerase chain reaction analyses were positive for both herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and varicella zoster virus (VZV......). The most probable explanation is that this reflects asymptomatic, latent expression of HSV-1 in a herpes zoster patient with no clinical relevance. Another hypothesis is that reactivation of a neurotropic herpes virus can reactivate another neurotropic virus if both types are present in the same ganglion....... If co-infection with HSV/VZV is suspected the treatment regimen for herpes zoster will sufficiently treat a possible HSV infection also....

  7. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... of health care, the patient's pathological picture and the quality of treatment given, and a preoperative delay of at least 6 hours was examined using modified Poisson regression analyses. RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a preoperative delay = 6 hours: 1) out of hospital versus...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...

  8. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...... of health care, the patient's pathological picture and the quality of treatment given, and a preoperative delay of at least 6 hours was examined using modified Poisson regression analyses. RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a preoperative delay = 6 hours: 1) out of hospital versus...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...

  9. Præoperativ funktionel magnetisk resonans-billeddannelse hos patienter med hjernetumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Søren Ravn; Sørensen, Preben; Fründ, Torben

    2010-01-01

    MRI plus a three-month postoperative assessment. A total of 14 patients complied with these requirements (six men and eight women, the mean age was 39 years). fMRI raw data was collected using a three tesla magnetic resonance scanner (Signa HDx R14M5, GE Healthcare). The distance from the tumour margin...... to fMRI activation was measured using GE-reformat version 4.2 after raw data had been postprocessed using GE BrainwavePA version 1.3.08130. The neurosurgeons valuation of fMRI in the preoperative decision-making process was obtained using a standard questionnaire. RESULTS: There was a trend...... of association between distance from tumour to eloquent functional areas and the patients' postoperative neurological outcome (Fisher's exact test: distance operate or not (42%), when deciding the surgical approach...

  10. Reduceret cerebralt stofskifte korrelerer med MRI-forandringer og kognitiv dysfunktion hos patienter med dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blinkenberg, M; Rune, K; Jensen, C V

    2001-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion load is widely used in the clinical evaluation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but little is known about the associated changes in cortical activation. For this purpose, we studied the association between the corticocerebral metabolic rate of gluc...... of glucose (CMRglc) and the MRI T2-weighted total lesion area (TLA). In addition, we investigated the correlation between cognitive and neurological disability and CMRglc....

  11. D-vitamin, hjerte-kar-sygdom og død hos nyresyge patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ditte; Brandi, Lisbet; Rasmussen, Knud

    2009-01-01

    mortality. Several possible mechanisms may explain how vitamin D can influence the development of cardiovascular disease. Clinical intervention studies are needed to clarify whether treatment with vitamin D decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Dec-7......Chronic kidney disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. In epidemiological studies, vitamin D deficiency and absence of treatment with vitamin D is associated with increased cardiovascular...

  12. Effekten af Ginkgo biloba-ekstrakt hos patienter med claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drabaek, H; Petersen, J R; Wïnberg, N

    1996-01-01

    of concentration, and inability to remember. Short-term memory was objectively assessed. We did not find any significant changes in either peripheral blood pressures, walking distances or the severity of leg pain. Systemic blood pressure was reduced both by placebo and GB-8. The impairment of concentration...... and the inability to remember were both reduced, when comparing results during active treatment to placebo. Short-term memory did not change significantly. In conclusion, our study has shown that treatment with the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 improves some cognitive functions in elderly patients with moderate...

  13. Molekylaere mekanismer bag den immunologiske reaktion mod gluten hos patienter med cøliaki

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Christian; Husby, Steffen; Lillevang, Søren T

    2003-01-01

    Coeliac disease is a complex inflammatory disorder of the small intestine, induced by dietary gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Recently, the nature of gluten-derived peptides recognized by gut-derived T cells from patients has been elucidated. It has further been established...... that the binding of such peptides to HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 molecules is enhanced following the modification of the peptides by the ubiquitous enzyme tissue transglutaminase. This knowledge has allowed the establishment of a molecular basis for the well-known association between coeliac disease and the expression...... of these HLA-molecules. This article summarizes the latest progress in coeliac disease molecular biology....

  14. Transkateter-aortaklapimplantation hos patienter med svær aortaklapstenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre Thygesen, Julie; Loh, Poay Huan; Franzen, Olaf

    2012-01-01

    In the late 1980's, Denmark was the birthplace for the concept of transcatheter valve implantation. In 2002, the first successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was performed in humans. TAVI has matured beyond the learning-curve period with a high overall procedural success rate...... and relatively few serious associated complications. TAVI is now an established treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients who have prohibitive or high surgical risk; and the treatment has proven to yield symptomatic and prognostic benefits. Innovations and advances continue in this field....

  15. Antithyroideaantistof hos to patienter med subakut dementiel udvikling, ataksi og myoklonus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Hansen, Klaus; Gonzalez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus...... and positive antithyroid antibodies were given oral steroids. Whereas one progressively declined and had histopathologically proven CJD, the other made a complete recovery and was diagnosed with HE. Anti-thyroid antibodies can occur in CJD, but when present in a patient with subacute dementia, ataxia...

  16. Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Sabagh, Kifah Hekmat; Christensen, Britta Ege; Thøgersen, Anna Margrethe

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The presence of a cardiac implantable device is ICD considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing MRI in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need...... or to sense only mode to avoid MRI-induced competitive pacing and potential pro-arrhythmia. All devices were interrogated immediately before and after the MRI examination, which included measurement of sensitivity, pacing capture threshold (PCT) and lead impedance. RESULTS: MRI examinations were completed...

  17. Burned-out seminom-lymfeknudemetastasepå halsen hos en patient med radikalt behandlet cancer coli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Marie Louise; Rasmussen, Eva Rye

    2017-01-01

    and at the neck. A core needle biopsy from the lymph node at the neck contained malignant cells, but not from colon cancer. The lymph node was extirpated, and pathological analysis proved it to be a metastasis from a testicular seminoma. A burned-out seminoma was subsequently found in the patient's right testicle.......The incidence of metastases to the neck in testicular cancer is 4-15%, and in 5% of these cases the metastasis is the only symptom. We present a 57-year-old asymptomatic male, who had previously been treated for colon cancer. A routine PET-CT showed enlarged lymph nodes in the retroperitoneum...

  18. Serumelektrolytter og medikamentel behandling hos patienter indlagt på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, I J; Matzen, L E

    1993-01-01

    The distributions of sodium and potassium in the serum on admission, and the types of medicine used were studied retrospectively in hospitalized geriatric patients (n = 1418). Sodium concentrations below 130 mmol/l were found in 7.4% and potassium concentrations below 3.0 mmol/l in 5.0% of patien......+amiloride was frequently withdrawn. 38% were given benzodiazepines on discharge. In 40.4% of these, treatment had been started during the hospital stay, most often on account of insomnia. Udgivelsesdato: 1993-Nov-29....... Risk factors for low sodium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, potassium-sparing diuretics, thiazides, emergency hospitalization and low body weight. Risk factors for low potassium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, thiazides...... and female gender. On an average, patients were given two different drugs from specified groups both on admission and on discharge, but changes in medical treatment were often performed during the hospital stay. Prehospital treatment with thiazide diuretics and the combination of thiazide...

  19. Et Patientperspektivistisk Studie i Brug af Alternativ Behandling hos Danske Patienter med Diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerbild, Helle Nygaard

    2008-01-01

    prevalence in use of CAM, which is generally rather low, especially the CAM used specifically for diabetes. The objective of this paper is to develop concepts to understand patients having experiences and positions of diabetes in their use of CAM. Methods: This qualitative study its inspiration from grounded...... treatment, and this to a relatively low degree. Analyses show that they do not have the strength to follow the conventional recommendations and the alternative self-care management (CAM) at the same time, which may contribute to the understanding of diabetic non-CAM positions. Some of the established...... clients, however, are positioned as user of both complementary and alternative medicine and conventional treatments, such as biological, homeopathic, and traditional Chinese medicine. The main factors that drive them to this are the aim, the hope, the belief, and knowledge how to cure diabetes. Conclusion...

  20. Antithyroideaantistof hos to patienter med subakut dementiel udvikling, ataksi og myoklonus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Hansen, Klaus; Gonzalez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus and posit......Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus...... and positive antithyroid antibodies were given oral steroids. Whereas one progressively declined and had histopathologically proven CJD, the other made a complete recovery and was diagnosed with HE. Anti-thyroid antibodies can occur in CJD, but when present in a patient with subacute dementia, ataxia...

  1. Succesfuld behandling af svær dabigatranoverdosering med idarucizumab hos en patient med nyresvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Christina Gjerlev; Bestle, Morten; Boesby, Lene

    2017-01-01

    In the course of an uncomplicated sigmoidostomy a 63-year-old male who had severe comorbidity developed a critical bleeding due to dabigatran intoxication induced by acute kidney injury. Massive blood transfusions, tranexamic acid, Octaplex and haemodialysis were not effective. Administration of ...... of idarucizumab induced immediate clinical and paraclinical improvement. Dabigatran should be carefully administrated in patients who have any degree of renal insufficiency. Idarucizumab may be effective in severe bleeding caused by dabigatran.......In the course of an uncomplicated sigmoidostomy a 63-year-old male who had severe comorbidity developed a critical bleeding due to dabigatran intoxication induced by acute kidney injury. Massive blood transfusions, tranexamic acid, Octaplex and haemodialysis were not effective. Administration...

  2. Radiojodbehandling af recidiverende hypertyreose hos patienter som tidligere er behandlet for diffus toksisk struma med subtotal strumektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, H; Laurberg, P

    1993-01-01

    Radioiodine therapy is often employed for treatment of patients with relapse of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease, after previous thyroid surgery. Little is known about the outcome of this treatment compared to patients with no previous surgery. A total of 20 patients, who had received...

  3. UL-vejledt anlæggelse af fødeepidural hos patient med torakolumbal skoliose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piosik, Zofia Maria; Helbo-Hansen, Søren; Sprehn, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Providing epidural analgesia in patients with scoliosis may be challenging. We describe ultrasound-guided insertion of an epidural catheter for labour analgesia and a following caesarean section in a patient with a thoracolumbar scoliosis. A well-functioning epidural catheter was easily inserted...... on the first attempt without any need for redirections of the epidural needle. Use of ultrasound imaging to guide epidural needle insertion site and trajectory can be a valuable tool in managing patients with scoliosis....

  4. Effekten af cellebehandling hos patienter med kronisk iskæmisk hjertesygdom--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Anders Bruun; Qayyum, Abbas Ali; Kastrup, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The present Cochrane review included 23 studies randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials with a total of 1,255 patients. The effect of autologous cell therapy versus placebo was examined on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), adverse effects and mortality in patients with chronic isch...

  5. Cytomegalovirus-associeret hæmofagocytosesyndrom og akut nyresvigt hos en patient med kronisk lymfatisk leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broe, Julie; Lauritzen, Anne Falensteen; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    with haemophagocytic syndrome. The serology was compatible with acute Cytomegalovirus infection. The patient received therapy with ganciclovir, prednisolone and gamma globulin, and the acute renal failure was treated with haemodialysis. The patient responded well to the treatment and was discharged after a month...

  6. Determination of intact parathormone in patients with disorders of calcium metabolism. Maaling av intakt parathormon hos pasienter med kalsiumforstyrrelser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birkeland, K.I.; Falch, J.A.; Haug, E. (Aker Sykehus, Oslo (Norway)); Gautvik, K.M. (Oslo Univ. (Norway). Inst. for Biokjemi); Gjestvang, F.T. (Vest-Agder Central Hospital, Kristiansand (Norway)); Holst, N. (Tromsoe Regional Hospital (Norway))

    1991-06-01

    The authors have used an immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) to measure intact parathormone (PTH). The serum-levels of PTH followed a log-normal distribution in a population of 85 healthy post-meno-pausal women, with a geometric mean of 1.9 pmol/l and a range of 0.8 to 6.1 pmol/l. The correlation between measurements performed using the IRMA and a radioimmunoassay which measured the C-terminal portion of the PTH molecule was 0.85. It was only the IRMA, however, that could measure subnormal values. Two of 27 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism had PTH-values in the upper reference interval. The rest of the patients had elevated levels. Patient with hypercalcemia due to malignancy had subnormal or low normal PTH values. Half of the patients with hypoparathyroidism had PTH below the limit of detection. 16 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Selvmonitorering af blodglukose og sygdomsforståelse hos patienter med insulinbehandlet diabetes. Sammenhaeng med metabolisk regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wengler, K; Matzen, L E; Sindrup, S

    1989-01-01

    values and planned reduced activity. No connection was observed between the form of treatment, level of regulation or whether the patients undertook self-monitoring and the number of hospital contacts on account of hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia. Metabolic regulation was not satisfactory despite self......A questionnaire investigation was undertaken to register the extent to which 212 insulin-treated diabetic patients undertook home measurements of blood glucose and the consequences which they drew from these measurements. This was compared with the metabolic regulation estimated by HbA1c....... The average HbA1c-value was 8.0%. Only 13% had HbA1c-values within the reference range for non-diabetic persons. 85% of the patients undertook self-monitoring of blood glucose. In 47.6% insulin was administered once or twice daily, 42.5% were treated with multiple injections and 9.9% employed insulin pumps...

  8. Cytomegalovirus-associeret hæmofagocytosesyndrom og akut nyresvigt hos en patient med kronisk lymfatisk leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broe, Julie; Lauritzen, Anne Falensteen; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    with haemophagocytic syndrome. The serology was compatible with acute Cytomegalovirus infection. The patient received therapy with ganciclovir, prednisolone and gamma globulin, and the acute renal failure was treated with haemodialysis. The patient responded well to the treatment and was discharged after a month......A 60-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia was admitted to our department with fever and hepatospleno-megaly. Laboratory findings revealed hyperferritinaemia of 40,300 microgram/l and both liver and renal dysfunction. A bone marrow biopsy showed haemophagocytosis consistent...... with normal lever and renal function....

  9. Forebyggelse af infektioner hos patienter, der har kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom og er i behandling med TNF-hæmmere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risager Christensen, Katrine; Steenholdt, Casper

    2014-01-01

    suppression of the immune system. National and international guidelines recommend screening and vaccination for selected infectious agents prior to anti-TNF initiation as well as during ongoing anti-TNF therapy. This review focuses on current available recommendations and discusses physicians’ and patients......Prevention of infections in patients with inflammatory bowel disease during TNF inhibitor treatment Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease with anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha biopharmaceuticals is generally well tolerated, but increases the risk of infections due to globally induced...

  10. Langtidsbehandling med spinal cord-stimulation hos en patient med kronisk regionalt smertesyndrom type 1 og fantomsmerter efter amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Thomas Peter; Scherer, Christian; Nikolajsen, Lone

    2008-01-01

    The development of stump and phantom pain after limb amputation in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is very frequent. Stump pain is typically recurred CRPS and the possibilities for effective pharmacological pain relief are often limited. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has a well...

  11. Muskelbiopsier hos patienter med fibromyalgi. En undersøgelse baseret på lys- og elektronmikroskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drewes, A M; Andreasen, A; Schrøder, H D

    1994-01-01

    of muscle disease. Nevertheless, we subjected biopsies from nine of the patients and five other controls for further ultrastructural evaluations and demonstrated pathologic findings e.g. empty sleeves of basement membrane, many lipofuscin bodies and other degenerative changes. We conclude...

  12. Monitorering af fysisk aktivitetsniveau (MOAN) hos indlagte patienter på geriatrisk afdeling - forsøgsprotokol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Morten; Jørgensen, Martin Grønbech; Andreasen, Jane

    genvinder disse igen.(1) Der er desuden god dokumentation for at også ældre patienter med demens kan forbedre funktionsniveau ved træning.(2) Særligt styrketræning af underekstremiteterne med høj intensitet, har vist sig at være effektivt. Hvilket blandt andet har kunnet registreres med ”Timed up and go...... udskrivelse? 2. At undersøge hvilken betydning tiden stående/gående har for ændringen i Barthel Index under indlæggelsen. Metode: Undersøgelsen gennemføres som et observationssstudie af aktivitetsniveau fra indlæggelse til udskrivelse for patienter indlagt på geriatrisk afdeling Aalborg sygehus. Timed up...... and Go (TUG), rejse-sætte sig testen og Barthel score registreres for alle patienter ved indlæggelse og udskrivelse. Øvrige oplysninger vedrørende alder, køn, vægt, højde, demens, depression, årsag til indlæggelse, boligform, og pårørende indhentes fra journalen. Primær outcome for undersøgelsen er den...

  13. Undernäring hos äldre patienter med höftfraktur: orsaker och omvårdnadsåtgärder : En litteraturöversikt

    OpenAIRE

    Stridbo, Andreas; Karlsson-Goth, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva orsaker till undernäring hos äldre patienter med höftfraktur i det postoperativa skedet, samt vilka omvårdnadsåtgärder som kan användas för att förebygga undernäring. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt och artiklarna söktes via databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. 15 artiklar hittades och ligger till grund för resultatet. 14 av dessa var av kvantitativ ansats och en var kvalitativ. Resultat: Orsaker till undernäring posto...

  14. Identifiable Data Files - Health Outcomes Survey (HOS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) identifiable data files are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  15. Urogenital tuberkulose hos danskere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almasi, Charlotte Elberling; Holm, Mette; Meyhoff, Hans-Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is rare in natives of Denmark, who are not exposed to risk factors, such as homelessness and drug or alcohol abuse. Two patients diagnosed with advanced urogenital tuberculosis are reported.......Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is rare in natives of Denmark, who are not exposed to risk factors, such as homelessness and drug or alcohol abuse. Two patients diagnosed with advanced urogenital tuberculosis are reported....

  16. Samarbejdets natur hos mennesket og andre aber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrnit, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Omfattende grader af dele-adfærd og samarbejde hos mennesker finder sted overalt på jorden, men det er ikke et menneskeligt særtræk at være generøs og dele. Mange dyrearter deler med artsfæller, skønt måden, der deles på varierer mellem dyrearter. Igennem de sidste 20 år er der foretaget omfatten...... ved, at der implicit i evnen til menneskeligt samarbejde ligger en motivation for at indgå i opgaveløsende relationer og en basal tillidsfuldhed omkring flokmedlemmer, som ikke er en selvfølgelighed for alle flokdyr, men som mennesket har fremavlet hos den tamme hund....

  17. Eosinofil keratitis hos en dansk hest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Emil; Henriksen, Michala de Linde; Andersen, Pia Haubro

    2009-01-01

    Eosinofil keratitis (EK) er en relativt sjælden øjenlidelse hos hest, som især ses i tempererede områder. Klinisk er lidelsen karakteriseret ved én eller multiple corneaulcerationer dækket med hvidt eller gelatinøst proliferativt subepithelialt plaque. Denne casereport, som omhandler en 20-årig...

  18. Medieforbrug hos etniske minoriteter I Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie Carøe

    2005-01-01

    Bag spørgsmålet om etniske minoriteters medieforbrug ligger en forventning om et anderledes forbrug end den øvrige befolkning og det bekræftes af forskellige undersøgelser. Der er større spredning på medier hos disse dele af befolkningen, og især tyrkiske familier ser megen tv fra hjemlandet. Men...

  19. Årsager til luftvejsinfektioner hos kalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Karen Helle; Fisker, Irene; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2008-01-01

    Coronavirus gav anledning til flest antistofstigninger hos nyindsatte kalve i tre ud af fire slagtekalvebesætninger i en mindre undersøgelse gennemført i et Dansk Kvæg projekt. I en af besætningerne var der desuden tydelig reaktion mod andre infektioner. Der blev undersøgt for antistoffer mod...... coronavirus, BRSV, parainfluenzavirus (P1-2) og Salmonelle dublin....

  20. Årsager til luftvejsinfektioner hos kalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Karen Helle; Fisker, Irene; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2008-01-01

    Coronavirus gav anledning til flest antistofstigninger hos nyindsatte kalve i tre ud af fire slagtekalvebesætninger i en mindre undersøgelse gennemført i et Dansk Kvæg projekt. I en af besætningerne var der desuden tydelig reaktion mod andre infektioner. Der blev undersøgt for antistoffer mod cor...... coronavirus, BRSV, parainfluenzavirus (P1-2) og Salmonelle dublin....

  1. Måling af stress hos mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens

    2010-01-01

    temadagen præsenteres nye resultater og metoder til at vurdere stress hos mink. I en metode måles koncentrationen af nedbrydningsprodukter af hormonet cortisol i gødning fra mink. Der er en række fordele ved denne metode, frem for blodprøvetagning. Forsøg viste, at hovedparten af cortisol udskilles i fæces...... (83 %) frem for i urin (17 %), samt at omsætningen af radioaktivt mærket cortisol ikke er forskellig mellem mink med hhv. lav og høj forekomst af stereotypi. Denne viden kan bruges til bedre at forstå koblingen f.eks. unormal adfærd og stress hos mink.......Sammendrag Stress indgår som et element ved vurdering af dyrevelfærd. Endvidere kan stress mål anvendes i undersøgelser, hvor forskellige typer af avl, burmiljø og pasning af mink sammenlignes. Men hvad er stress egentlig og hvordan måles det? Er unormal adfærd koblet til stress hos mink? På...

  2. Forgiftningsmønstre hos 355 konsekutivt indlagte akutte patienter på Bispebjerg Hospital i København i 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gude, Anne-Bolette Jill; Høgberg, Lotte Christine Groth; Pedersen, Michael

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology describing poisoned patients treated at Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg has not been published since 1993. We wanted to describe the pattern of intoxications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of poisoned patients admitted to the emergency ward dur...

  3. To tilfælde af takotsubo-kardiomyopati hos patienter behandlet med høje doser inhalerede beta-2-agonister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Camilla Fjord; Jeppesen, Jørgen Lykke; Stride, Nis Ottesen

    2016-01-01

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is characterised by reversible left ventricular dysfunction in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). TCM is considered multifactorial, and the repetitive exposure to inhaled beta-2-agonists has been suspected to induce TCM in predisposed individuals....... We report two cases of TCM in female patients presenting with ACS both exposed to inhaled beta-2-agonists. Eccocardiography revealed apical ballooning and reduced left ventricular function. Coronary angiography was with no significant stenosis. Both patients recovered by anticongestive treatment....

  4. Forgiftningsmønstre hos 355 konsekutivt indlagte akutte patienter på Bispebjerg Hospital i København i 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gude, Anne-Bolette Jill; Høgberg, Lotte Christine Groth; Pedersen, Michael

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology describing poisoned patients treated at Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg has not been published since 1993. We wanted to describe the pattern of intoxications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of poisoned patients admitted to the emergency ward...... agents such as CO. 55% of poisonings were intentional, where paracetamol and benzodiazepines were the preferred agents. Sedative-hypnotics, alcohol, opioids, and drugs of abuse dominated the unintentional overdoses. Patients poisoned by paracetamol were younger and female, with an overrepresentation...

  5. Recidiverende tilfælde af spinocellulær karcinom i necrobiosis lipoidica-sår hos en patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolovics, Judit; Mattes, Liuba Penova; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    2015-01-01

    The development of squamous cell carcinoma in chronic and/or non-healing ulcers associated with necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is rare, but should be considered in diabetic patients. NL is a non-infectious granulomatous degenerative skin disease. The prevalence of NL in diabetic patients is estimated...

  6. The diagnosis of thymoma and thymic atrophy in patients with myasthenia gravis; Dignostikk av tymom og thymusatrofi hos pasienter med myasthenia gravis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sund, K.K.; Skeie, G.O.; Gilhus, N.E.; Aarli, J.A.; Varhaug, J.E. [Haukeland Sykehus, Bergen (Norway)

    1997-11-01

    The authors have compared clinical, immunological and radiological data in 20 patients with myasthenia gravis and thymoma and in 21 patients with myasthenia gravis and thymic atrophy. The median age at onset was 54 years in the thymoma group and 63 years in the thymic atrophy group. The severity of the disease was similar in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the concentration of acetylcholine receptor antibodies. CA antibodies were demonstrated in 17/20 thymoma patients and in 6/21 with thymic atrophy, while 19/20 thymoma patients had antibodies to titin, compared with 9/21 among those with thymic atrophy. The diagnosis and treatment of patients with myasthenia gravis is based upon an evaluation of clinical, immunological and radiological data. 28 refs., 2 tabs.

  7. Identifiering av upplevelse av smärta hos patienter med cancer som får palliativ vård : en litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Ax, Anna-Karin; Johansson, Erica

    2006-01-01

    One third of all Swedish people will suffer in cancer. Pain is a common symptom in cancer patients. The pain is subjective and includes several dimensions. The dimensions of pain are the physical, psychological, social and spiritual. This is a literature review and the aim with this study was to identify the pain experience in patients with cancer receiving palliative care. Nineteen articles were analysed. The result shows that the physical pain was experienced as chronicle or episodic pain. ...

  8. Recidiverende tilfælde af spinocellulær karcinom i necrobiosis lipoidica-sår hos en patient med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolovics, Judit; Mattes, Liuba Penova; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    2015-01-01

    The development of squamous cell carcinoma in chronic and/or non-healing ulcers associated with necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is rare, but should be considered in diabetic patients. NL is a non-infectious granulomatous degenerative skin disease. The prevalence of NL in diabetic patients is estimated...... to 0,3-1,2%. Awareness of malignant transformation potential within a plaque of NL is crucial for early diagnosis and easy radical treatment. A case from our outpatient diabetes clinic is presented....

  9. Medicinudløst hudkløe, sår og blærer hos tre patienter med pseudoporfyri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Þorsteinsdóttir, Sunna; Velander, Marie Juul; Bygum, Anette

    2015-01-01

    Pseudoporphyria cutanea tarda is a well described bullous skin disorder which resembles porphyria cutanea tarda. However, the levels of porphyrins in plasma, urine and faeces are normal. We present three cases of patients with classical symptoms of pseudoporhyria. Two of the patients developed ps...... pseudoporphyria after the combination of intensive sunbathing and medications well known to cause pseudoporphyria. The third case received haemodialysis and furosemide....

  10. Medicinudløst hudkløe, sår og blærer hos tre patienter med pseudoporfyri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsteinsdóttir, Sunna; Velander, Marie Juul; Bygum, Anette

    2015-01-01

    Pseudoporphyria cutanea tarda is a well described bullous skin disorder which resembles porphyria cutanea tarda. However, the levels of porphyrins in plasma, urine and faeces are normal. We present three cases of patients with classical symptoms of pseudoporphyria. Two of the patients developed p...... pseudoporphyria after the combination of intensive sunbathing and medications well known to cause pseudoporphyria. The third case received haemodialysis and furosemide....

  11. Juvenil polypose-syndrom og hereditær hæmoragisk telangiektasi hos en patient med SMAD4-mutation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsig, Anne Marie; Tørring, Pernille Mathiesen; Wikman, Friedrik

    2014-01-01

    Germ line mutations in SMAD4 can cause both juvenile polyposis syndrome and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia syndrome. In this case we present a 37-year-old man with a frameshift mutation in SMAD4. The patient had multiple polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and was diagnosed with colon ca...... cancer at the age of 21 and gastro-oesophageal junction cancer at the age of 37. Furthermore the patient had telangiectasias and recurrent epistaxis....

  12. Usikkert om vægtreducerende kost påvirker risikoen for tidlig død hos patienter med hypertension--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køster-Rasmussen, Rasmus; Simonsen, Mette Kildevæld; de Fine Olivarius, Niels

    2012-01-01

    The Cochrane review "Long-term effects of weight-reducing diets in hypertensive patients" fails to evaluate the primary outcomes of mortality and morbidity. It is uncertain whether weight loss in general reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and death as the relation between intentional weight...

  13. Hyppige samtaler kan måske hjælpe ved svært nedsat adhærens hos belastede patienter med hiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Bergstedt, Winnie

    2013-01-01

    This pilot study investigates the feasibility and effect of an intervention based on coaching and directly observed therapy (DOT), aimed at patients who are HIV-positive and have massive adherence problems and treatment failure. Participants were followed six months with coaching, homework and DOT...

  14. Vena saphena magna in situ-bypass til ankel og fod. En prospektiv opg|relse af resultaterne af 101 procedurer hos 94 amputationstruede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røder, Ole Christian; Jensen, L P; Schroeder, T V

    1997-01-01

    The results of 101 in situ by-pass operations to the ankle and foot are given. Seventy-five percent of the patients had other arteriosclerotic manifestations and 55% were diabetics. Ninety-nine percent of the operations were limb salvage surgery. The accumulative secondary patency rate was 87% af...

  15. Mekanisk kredsløbsstøtte ved hjælp af cirkulationspumpe anlagt gennem vena subclavia hos en patient med akut hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Nikolaj; Fabrin, Anja; Jensen, Marianne Kjær

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old female patient suffered biventricular failure due to severe lymphoid myocarditis. Mechanical circulatory support was established with peripheral arterial-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (AV-ECMO). The left ventricle was relieved by subclavian Impella 5.0. AV-ECMO was wean...

  16. Dilateret kardiomyopati hos en amfetaminmisbruger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Mathias Tiedemann; Lambrechtsen, Jess

    2011-01-01

    The patient presented himself at the primary practitioner with dyspnoea and chest pain, and was initially misdiagnosed as having pneumonia. Two weeks later the patient developed universal oedema and was hospitalized. Echocardiography showed dilated cardiomyopathy. The initial diagnosis was delaye...

  17. Diagnostisk udfordring hos patienter med infiltrerende tarmendometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Sigurd Beier; Seyer-Hansen, Mikkel

    2014-01-01

    A considerable proportion of women with endometriosis have intestinal involvement of the endometriosis. Intestinal endometriosis (IE) often results in abdominal pain and thus mimics the symptoms of other bowel diseases, including colon cancer. As a consequence, some women with IE are initially...

  18. Mundhulens mikroflora hos patienter med marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Tove; Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2011-01-01

    ikke dyrkes. Viden om samspillet mellem bakterierne i plakken, som er en biofilm, er ligeledes under hastig udvikling. Dette betyder, at vi i de kommende år løbende må revidere vores forståelse af marginal parodontitis’ mikrobiologi. I nærværende oversigtsartikel præsenteres den eksisterende viden...

  19. Mundhulens mikroflora hos patienter med marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Tove; Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2011-01-01

    Viden om marginal parodontitis’ mikrobiologi tog for alvor fart for ca. 40 år siden. Den tidlige viden var baseret på mikroskopiske og dyrkningsmæssige undersøgelser af den subgingivale plak. Anvendelsen af de nyere molekylærbiologiske metoder har betydet, at vor viden om de ætiologiske faktorer ...

  20. Akut svimmelhed hos den neurologiske patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Marie; Højgaard, Joan L. Sunnleyg; Kondziella, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    brainstem infarction. The history should focus on accompanying neurological symptoms. However, vertigo with cerebellar lesions may be monosymptomatic and then bedside evaluation of oculomotor function is the key to correct diagnosis. This paper discusses the pathophysiology, symptomatology and clinical...

  1. Ivermektinfølsomhed hos danske Collies og Border Collies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Treschow, Michaela E. C.; Fredholm, Merete

    2007-01-01

    Anvendelse af ivermektin i terapeutiske doser til hunde medfører i visse tilfælde neurologiske bivirkninger. Der er tale om en idiosynkrasi, der benævnes ivermektinfølsomhed, og som primært er beskrevet hos hyrdehunderacer, herunder især Collies......Anvendelse af ivermektin i terapeutiske doser til hunde medfører i visse tilfælde neurologiske bivirkninger. Der er tale om en idiosynkrasi, der benævnes ivermektinfølsomhed, og som primært er beskrevet hos hyrdehunderacer, herunder især Collies...

  2. Vitamin D fysiologi og forsyning hos malkekvæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hymøller, Lone; Jensen, Søren Krogh

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D, som tilhører gruppen af fedtopløselige vitaminer, har de seneste år været et af de mest omdiskuterede næringsstoffer i både dansk og udenlandsk presse. Dette skyldes, at vitamin D har vist sig at have indflydelse på mange forskellige fysiologiske processer i kroppen lige fra...... kalciumbalance og knoglestyrke til immunforsvarets funktion. Hos malkekvæg betyder dette, at vitamin D potentielt har stor indflydelse på bl.a. risikoen for kælvningsproblemer og mælkefeber hos køer samt dyrenes generelle holdbarhed og sundhed. Gennem de seneste 10 år har forskere på AU Foulum intenst studeret...... vitamin D-forsyningen og -fysiologien hos malkekvæg. Resultaterne af disse undersøgelser har vist, at sommersollys er en meget vigtig kilde til vitamin D hos malkekøer, og der er en lineært stigende effekt på køernes vitamin D-status i blodet, jo længere tid de dagligt opholder sig i sommersolen. Tilskud...

  3. Alkohol, medicin og narkotikaforekomst hos alvorligt tilskadekomne bilister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie; Hels, Tove; Simonsen, Kirsten Wiese

    2012-01-01

    Abstrakt Denne artikel omhandler forekomsten af alkohol, narkotika og medicin hos danske bilister, som er blevet alvorligt skadet i færdselsuheld. Undersøgelsen er baseret på anonyme blodprøver fra 840 førere af person- og varebiler, der blev indbragt til hospitalerne i Odense, Kolding, Vejle...... for undersøgelsen blev der desuden indhentet oplysning om patientens alder og køn, typen af køretøj, uheldsstedet, typen af færdselsuheld, tidspunkt for færdselsuheldet og prøvetagningen samt eventuel medicin, der var blevet givet før udtagning af blodprøven. Alkohol alene eller alkohol sammen med andre stoffer var....... Resultaterne viste, at alkohol var væsentlig hyppigere til stede hos alvorligt skadede bilister i forhold til medicin og narkotika....

  4. Sprog hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2010-01-01

    Spredningen i sproglige færdigheder hos børn med autisme er enorm. Dette forhold vanskeliggør forskning inden for området, og omvendt bevirker forskningen og de valg – og ikke mindst fravalg – som autismeforskere er nødt til at foretage, at gruppen af børn med autisme kommer til at fremstå mere...

  5. Sambandet mellan stress mindset och upplevd stress hos gymnasieungdomar

    OpenAIRE

    Edblad, Patrik

    2016-01-01

    Studien undersökte sambandet mellan stress mindset (individens övertygelser om stress) och upplevd stress hos gymnasieungdomar. 122 deltagare i åldrarna 16-19 år deltog i studien genom att svara på ett elektroniskt formulär. Frågorna bestod av Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), som undersökte upplevd stress, och Stress Mindset Measure (SMM), som undersökte deltagarnas mindset om stress. Resultatet visade en signifikant negativ korrelation mellan stress mindset och upplevd stress. Detta gav stöd...

  6. Samtidig iltbehandling ved anstrengelsesudløst hypoksæmi forbedrer den fysiske formåen og reducerer åndenød hos patienter med KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard, Peter; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients suffer from dyspnoea and reduced physical abilities. Some of the patients exhibit desaturation during physical exercise. Few studies have examined if oxygen therapy during physical exercise can relieve symptoms and improve outcomes of pulmonary ...

  7. Samtidig iltbehandling ved anstrengelsesudløst hypoksæmi forbedrer den fysiske formåen og reducerer åndenød hos patienter med KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard, Peter; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients suffer from dyspnoea and reduced physical abilities. Some of the patients exhibit desaturation during physical exercise. Few studies have examined if oxygen therapy during physical exercise can relieve symptoms and improve outcomes of pulmonary...

  8. Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Carsten Sauer; Mikkelsen, Dorthe Bisgaard; Jensen, Thøger Gorm

    2010-01-01

    parts of her body. The bullae ruptured easily and left a erythematous base. The histopathological changes were characteristic for adult SSSS. The patient was well-treated with intravenous dicloxacillin, topical antibiotic and antiseptic treatment. The patient had marked thrombocytosis, but no interest...

  9. Fritids- og sportsaktiviteter hos yngre pacemakerpatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Petersen, J

    1989-01-01

    Based on a semistructured questionnaire the consequences of pacemaker treatment on leisure activities in 81 patients aged 20 to 60 years were investigated. At follow up after an average of 33.8 months, 36 of the 72 survivors participated in the following out-of-the-home physical activities...... was restricted mainly due to fear of damaging the battery. Fifteen patients (21%) were members of sport clubs. These results imply that several leisure activities are available for pacemaker patients. In case a particular sport is of interest, this should be taken into account when the sitting of the pacemaker...

  10. Laparoskopisk splenektomi for hereditaer sfaerocytose hos born

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, C.R.; Bulut, O.; Jess, P.

    2008-01-01

    Based on the positive international experience with laparoscopic splenectomy on a large number of patients since 1991, we treated two teenagers with symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis and moderate splenomegaly. Both operations and postoperative courses were uneventful, and the children had...

  11. Hvilken evidens er der for medikamentel behandling af depression hos børn og unge?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Per Hove; Sørensen, Merete Juul

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for medikamentel...... behandling af depression hos børn og unge med hovedvægten lagt på de mest veldokumenterede medikamenter: selektive serotoningenoptagelseshæmmere....

  12. Svaer metabolisk acidose hos en kronisk alkoholiker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Morten Egede; Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Pott, Frank Christian

    2008-01-01

    Severe metabolic acidosis is associated with poor prognosis. We present a patient with profound alcohol and starvation-related combined lactic and keto acidosis (lactate = 29 mM; pH = 6.83) who made a good recovery following 18 hours of intensive care therapy. A brief summary of the proposed mech...

  13. Propanthelinbromid er effektivt mod savlen hos hunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldenløve, Mette; Thyssen, Jacob P

    2015-01-01

    Hyperhidrosis is a common condition characterized by extensive sweat secretion. Systemic treatment with anticholinergics might prove effective, but patients often suffer from side effects, e.g. dryness of the mouth. We present a clinical case of severe polydipsia in a six-month-old puppy who had...

  14. Svaer metabolisk acidose hos en kronisk alkoholiker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Morten Egede; Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Pott, Frank Christian

    2008-01-01

    Severe metabolic acidosis is associated with poor prognosis. We present a patient with profound alcohol and starvation-related combined lactic and keto acidosis (lactate = 29 mM; pH = 6.83) who made a good recovery following 18 hours of intensive care therapy. A brief summary of the proposed...

  15. Cytomegalovirus-colitis hos immunkompetent ung mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Eva; Grønbaek, Karin; Linnemann, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    A healthy young man was hospitalized due to fever, malaise and bloody stools for three weeks. The patient had a primary CMV infection based on biochemical, serological and ultrasonic results, and a colonoscopy was consistent with left-sided CMV colitis. He recovered spontaneously, though haematoc...

  16. Samtidig iltbehandling ved anstrengelsesudløst hypoksæmi forbedrer den fysiske formåen og reducerer åndenød hos patienter med KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard, Peter; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients suffer from dyspnoea and reduced physical abilities. Some of the patients exhibit desaturation during physical exercise. Few studies have examined if oxygen therapy during physical exercise can relieve symptoms and improve outcomes of pulmonary...... rehabilitation. These studies show that oxygen therapy during exercise results in significant improvement in exercise capacity. Yet it is not possible to draw a clear conclusion regarding the effects of more prolonged (weeks) treatment. The studies are in general small and of poor methodological quality....

  17. New-onset atrial fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction recorded by an Implantable Cardiac Monitor - Incidence, prediction and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jøns, Christian

    2010-01-01

    BAGGRUND OG FORMÅL Forekomsten af atrieflimren (AF) er øget hos patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt og venstre ventrikel dysfunction (defineret som LVEF ≤ 40%), men langtidsforekomst og prognose for nyopstået AF hos denne population er ukendt. Formålet med denne afhandling er, at undersøge foreko...

  18. Dysfunktionel vejrtrækning hos patienter med astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasson, Karen Hjerrild; Skou, Søren T; Porsbjerg, Celeste

    2017-01-01

    Dysfunctional breathing (DB) is a common comorbidity in adults with incomplete asthma control. The few available large-scale, randomized studies suggest efficacy of physiotherapy on symptom burden. In this article we discuss the current evidence including the need for systematic description...... of physiotherapeutic interventions. We also describe how access to physiotherapy service for DB (with or without asthma) is highly heterogeneous in Denmark, and that there is a need for increasing awareness of physiotherapy implementation for and research in DB (with or without concomitant asthma)....

  19. Laktatacidose som komplikation til inhalationsbehandling hos patient med astmaeksacerbation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekelund, Kim; Følsgaard, Søren Lars

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of severe lactic acidosis due to exacerbation of asthma in presence of normal tissue perfusion and oxygenation in a 35-year-old woman with poorly controlled asthma. After admission, she was treated continuously with inhalation of salbutamol (a beta-agonist) resulting in lactic...... acidosis, which was misinterpreted as treatment failure. The lactic acidosis reversed on discontinuation of the inhalation therapy. Although lactic acidosis is a rare complication to inhalation of beta-agonists, it is important for the clinicians to recognize this....

  20. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette

    2009-01-01

    of bisphosphonate therapy and with the potency of the used bisphosphonate. BON usually develops after tooth extraction or other oral surgery, and has proven difficult to treat. Optimal dental hygiene should be ensured prior to treatment initiation where possible, and once bisphosphonate treatment is instituted...

  1. Peritoneal tuberkulose hos patient med formodet dissemineret ovariecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lone Wulff; Neumann, Gudrun; Pedersen, Court

    2012-01-01

    imaging) supported this suspicion. Peritoneal biopsy from laparoscopy showed granulomas with central necrosis. Microscopy, culture and polymerase chain reaction from biopsy samples were negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Follow-up with a CT scan after six months of full tuberculosis treatment showed...... normal conditions. Peritoneal tuberculosis is a diagnostic challenge, but should be considered in case of immigrants from high-risk areas....

  2. Parvovirus B19-akut hepatitis hos immunkompetent patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lykke

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a case of acute hepatitis in an adult person without subsequent complications caused by parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The diagnosis was made by detection of PVB19 IgM and IgG antibody in the blood using ELISA. There was not made any affirmative polymerase chain reaction for DNA...

  3. Livskvalitet efter aortaklapoperation hos patienter > or = 75 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rasa Skrupskelyte; Poulsen, Anja

    2010-01-01

    A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life.......A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life....

  4. Residualurin hos patienter på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Hanne; Nielsen, Jeanne; Juncher, Annie Elena

    2010-01-01

    Post Void Residual Volume (PVRV) is a known risk factor for urinary infection, incontinence and renal insufficiency. Disposing for the condition is high age, immobility, constipation, neurological and metabolic disease. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and to examine...

  5. Stressfrakturer af distale fibula hos en patient med osteoporose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwartz, Frederik; Heerfordt, Ida Marie

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of an 81-year-old osteoporotic woman, who suffered stress fractures of the distal fibula on both sides within a two-year period. The risk factors for stress fractures are reviewed and the importance of a high index of suspicion for stress fractures is emphasized. When a stress fr...

  6. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette

    2009-01-01

    of bisphosphonate therapy and with the potency of the used bisphosphonate. BON usually develops after tooth extraction or other oral surgery, and has proven difficult to treat. Optimal dental hygiene should be ensured prior to treatment initiation where possible, and once bisphosphonate treatment is instituted......, oral surgery should be avoided if possible. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan...

  7. Bisfosfonatassocieret osteonekrose i kaeberne hos patienter med myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Thomas; Gregersen, Henrik; Vangsted, Annette

    2009-01-01

    of bisphosphonate therapy and with the potency of the used bisphosphonate. BON usually develops after tooth extraction or other oral surgery, and has proven difficult to treat. Optimal dental hygiene should be ensured prior to treatment initiation where possible, and once bisphosphonate treatment is instituted......, oral surgery should be avoided if possible. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-5...

  8. Paraneoplastisk pancytopeni hos en patient med uerkendt lungecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jakob Werner; Sjö, Lene; Grønbæk, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Pancytopenia can be caused by lack of bone marrow function and can have different origins. A 66-year-old woman was admitted with severe sepsis, and the blood results revealed pancytopenia. A bone marrow biopsy was performed, and the primary diagnosis was hypocellular acute myeloid leukaemia with 20......% blasts, but a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) was considered. After 30 days without any chemotherapeutic treatment her peripheral blood was normalised. In the meanwhile she was diagnosed with a small cell lung cancer. In this case the MDS-like condition was caused by a paraneoplastic...

  9. Myopati hos en patient i behandling med simvastatin og fluconazol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Kristian; Lydolph, Magnus Christian; Somnier, Finn

    2016-01-01

    A 69-year-old female was admitted due to progressive loss of muscle strength following addition of fluconazole to long-term simvastatin treatment. Rhabdomyolysis was suspected and both drugs were discontinued. Forced diuresis was initiated together with a short course of prednisolone. After 21...

  10. Tv-mediet lever - også hos de unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Denne artikel baserer sig på empiriske data i en dansk kontekst, og kan afvise myten om, at broadcast tv er døende. Set over en femten årig periode er der tale om et meget stabilt tv-forbrug - selv hos de unge. Artiklen beskriver således nogle af de fordele som TV-mediet har, og hvordan andre...... medier supplerer tv-forbruget i et multiplatformsmiljø. Fra deltagende observationer med to teknologistærke unge, giver artiklen en række eksempler på hvordan tv-mediet anno 2008 anvendes i et meget komplekst og varieret mediebrug, hvor TV ikke er bundet til en bestemt skærm, men derimod bestemt af...... kommunikationssituationen. I artiklen forsøges en typologisering af net-tv samt et perspektiv på mediebrugen i relation til kommunikationssituationen. Artiklen vil desuden beskrive nogle af de metodiske udfordringer det skaber, når man ønsker at undersøge tv-seningen i et dynamisk multiplatformsmiljø, hvor forskellige...

  11. Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feilberg, Casper

    Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende, Casper Feilberg Afhandlingen er en empirisk undersøgelse af psykologistuderendes tilegnelse af træk ved en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus ved psykologistudierne på Roskilde Universitet og Aalborg Universitet. Herved...... bidrager afhandlingen til den overordnede diskussion om, hvad målet med og kvalitet i en universitetsuddannelse skal forstås som. Som udgangspunkt for studiet af psykologistuderendes dannelsesprocesser indføres en analytisk distinktion mellem en psykologisk habitus (fænomen orienteret), og en videnskabelig...... habitus (teoretisk/metodisk). Herved tydeliggøres de studerendes dobbelte opgave der består i, at man må lære at trække på sin egen livsverden på en kvalificeret måde, når man skal forstå andre (psykologisk habitus), men at denne psykologiske sans for problemstillingen også må opkvalificeres via...

  12. The Arabidopsis E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Negatively Regulates CONSTANS Abundance in the Photoperiodic Control of Flowering[W

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaro, Ana; Valverde, Federico; Piñeiro, Manuel; Jarillo, Jose A.

    2012-01-01

    The Arabidopsis thaliana early in short days6 (esd6) mutant was isolated in a screen for mutations that accelerate flowering time. Among other developmental alterations, esd6 displays early flowering in both long- and short-day conditions. Fine mapping of the mutation showed that the esd6 phenotype is caused by a lesion in the HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENES1 (HOS1) locus, which encodes a RING finger–containing E3 ubiquitin ligase. The esd6/hos1 mutation causes decreased FLOWERING LOCUS C expression and requires CONSTANS (CO) protein for its early flowering phenotype under long days. Moreover, CO and HOS1 physically interact in vitro and in planta, and HOS1 regulates CO abundance, particularly during the daylight period. Accordingly, hos1 causes a shift in the regular long-day pattern of expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcript, starting to rise 4 h after dawn in the mutant. In addition, HOS1 interacts synergistically with CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC1, another regulator of CO protein stability, in the regulation of flowering time. Taken together, these results indicate that HOS1 is involved in the control of CO abundance, ensuring that CO activation of FT occurs only when the light period reaches a certain length and preventing precocious flowering in Arabidopsis. PMID:22408073

  13. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients with acute bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kirsten

    2001-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandlingen omhandler sammenhængen mellem hjernens blodtilførsel (CBF) og middelarterietrykket (MAP) hos patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis. Hos raske er CBF uafhængig af MAP, hvilket kaldes CBF autoregulation. Svækket autoregulation antages at øge risikoen for cerebral hypoperfusion og...... iskæmi under episoder med lavt MAP, og for cerebral hyperperfusion og vasogent ødem ved højt MAP. CBF autoregulationen undersøgtes hos tyve voksne patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis i den tidlige sygdomsfase (... meningitis, men retableres ved klinisk restitution. Autoregulationen kan endvidere delvis retableres ved akut hyperventilation. Fundene har potentiel betydning for valg af supportiv terapi hos patienter med meningitis....

  14. 77 FR 38378 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Revision of Exemption; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ...-28043] Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Revision of Exemption; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA... Pyrotechnics Association (APA) that were granted an exemption from FMCSA's prohibition on driving commercial...-July 8, inclusive, in 2011 and 2012. The exemption covered renewal of 53 APA-member motor carriers and...

  15. Recirkulering af fosfor hos malkekøer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puggaard, Liselotte; Kristensen, Niels Bastian; Sehested, Jakob

    2010-01-01

    Effekten af reduceret fosfortildeling på absorption og recirkulering af fosfor blev undersøgt hos lakterende malkekøer. Forsøget blev udført som et overkrydsningsforsøg med 14 dages perioder på fem vomfistulerede og kateteriserede Dansk Holstein køer. Behandlingerne bestod af 2 niveauer af fosfor...

  16. 76 FR 37876 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Renewal of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Exemption...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ...-28043] Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Renewal of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Exemption... announces the renewal of the exemption of specified members of the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA... of this exemption in effect, designated APA-member motor carriers will maintain a level of safety...

  17. 76 FR 30232 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Application of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ...-28043] Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Application of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) for... American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) has applied for a limited exemption from FMCSA's regulation that... exemption would apply solely to the operation of CMVs by 9 designated APA-member motor carriers in...

  18. 76 FR 37880 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Granting of Exemption; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ...-28043] Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Granting of Exemption; American Pyrotechnics Association (APA... exemption from the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) on behalf of 9 member motor carriers seeking... such exemption'' (49 U.S.C. 31315(b)(1)). The initial APA application for waiver or exemption relief...

  19. Intervention rettet mod sproget hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    Sprogniveauet hos børn med autisme er afgørende for deres muligheder for udfoldelse og udvikling, og sproget er et udviklingsområde, der er meget modtageligt for intensiv intervention. Imidlertid modtager danske børn med autisme kun sjældent intensiv intervention rettet mod sproget. De intensive...

  20. Emerging countries’ multinational companies investing in developed countries: at odds with the HOS paradigm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreff, Wladimir

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the new trend of outward foreign direct investment (FDI by multinational companies from emerging countries, in particular the BRICs, in developed countries to question the applicability of the traditional HOS theoretical framework to this trend. A literature review shows that labour costs do not play any significant role in the first attempts to provide an analytical explanation of this new trend. A HOS equation, amended in order to encompass FDI, is elaborated in order to explain outward FDI from developed to developing and emerging countries based on differences in labour endowment and therefore in wage rates. Step by step, the equation introduces the technological gap, institutions and government policies. Then it is shown that such equation when reversed to explain outward FDI from emerging to developed countries is at odds with the traditional HOS framework. Turning the HOS theory upside down does not help to explain reverse FDI outflows from emerging to developed countries. An alternative approach is called for, in which a labour cost advantage (a lower wage rate than abroad is a home market advantage for emerging countries to invest abroad. A final section provides some empirical examples that labour matters and a lower home wage rate is a decisive comparative advantage for Indian and Chinese multinationals investing in developed countries. Additional evidence shows that the technological gap and the home country’s institutions and government policy matter as well

  1. Tværprofessionelt samarbejde om udsathed hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Anne Marie Anker; Jakobsen, Ida Skytte; Lund, Jens Hansen

    2015-01-01

    Reviewet tegner et kort over landskabet af forskningsbaseret viden om tværprofessionelt samarbejde om udsathed hos børn og unge. Det er fremtrædende, at børn og unges stemme ikke inddrages forskningsmæssigt, og at vi ved derfor ikke meget om, hvordan samarbejdet opleves. Vi fandt overvejende inge...

  2. Hvilken evidens er der for behandling af depression hos børn og unge med kognitiv terapi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Merete Juul; Thomsen, Per Hove

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for effekten af kognitiv...... adfærdsterapi hos børn og unge med depression....

  3. Prevalence, management and outcomes of medically complex vulnerable elderly patients with urinary incontinence in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, X.; Chuang, C.?C.; Yang, E.; Zou, K. H.; Araiza, A. L.; Bhagnani, T.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Objectives To assess the prevalence, patient?physician communication, treatment and health outcomes associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among the medically complex vulnerable elderly (MCVE) in the United States (US). Methods Data from the 2006 to 2012 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) were used. MCVE patients were aged 65+ years with a HOS VE score ??3. UI was reported as a small, big or no problem. Descriptive statistics were used to assess patient?physician communication a...

  4. Nanotubo de carbono-chitosan en células HOS y THP-1 Carbon nanotubes-chitosan in HOS and THP-1 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Castillo León

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los nanotubos de carbono (NTC son estructuras nanométricas utilizadas en el tratamiento de enfermedades, principalmente en la entrega de fármacos para terapias en cáncer. Objetivos: Estudiar la internalización de NTC acoplado a quitosan (NTC-Q en células de osteosarcoma humano (HOS y monocitos humanos de leucemia aguda (THP-1. Materiales y métodos: Los NTC solubilizados con quitosan 30% fueron caracterizados espectroscópicamente por UV-Vis, fluorescencia y Raman. Las células HOS y THP-1 fueron tratadas con NTC-Q y se evaluó la internalización por tinción de Giemsa en microscopio de luz y la citotóxicidad utilizando la prueba fluorométrica de Azul de Alamar. Resultados: Los espectros Raman y de fluorescencia mostraron la funcionalización de los NTC con quitosan. Los NTC fueron internalizados por las líneas celulares después de 24 h mostrando una ubicación citoplasmática sin presentar citotóxicidad en ninguna de las células evaluadas. Discusión: Las características presentadas por los NTC-Q les brinda la posibilidad de ser utilizados como transportadores de fármacos. Salud UIS 2011; 43(1: 21-26Introduction: Carbon nanotubes (CNT are nanometer-sized structures used in medicine in the treatment of diseases, mainly in drug delivery in therapies against cancer. Objectives: To Study the internalization of carbon nanotubes modified with chitosan (CNT-CH in human osteosarcom cells (HOS and human monocytes of acute leukemia (THP1. Materials and methods: The CNTs solubilized in chitosan 30% were characterized spectroscopically by UV-Vis, fluorescence and Raman. HOS cells and THP-1 were treated with CNT-CH, the internalization was evaluated by Giemsa staining with light microscopy, and cytotoxicity was determined using Alamar Blue assay. Results: Raman and fluorescence spectra showed the functionalization of the CNT with chitosan. After 24 h the NTC were internalized in the cell lines showing a cytoplasmic location and

  5. HOS cell adhesion on Ti6Al4V ELI texturized by CO2 laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval-Amador, A.; Bayona–Alvarez, Y. M.; Carreño Garcia, H.; Escobar-Rivero, P.; Y Peña-Ballesteros, D.

    2017-12-01

    In this work, the response of HOS cells on Ti6Al4V ELI textured surfaces by a CO2 laser was evaluated. The test surfaces were; smooth Ti6Al4V, used as the control, and four textured surfaces with linear geometry. These four surfaces had different separation distances between textured lines, D1 (1000 microns), D2 (750 microns), D3 (500 microns) and D4 (250 microns). Toxicity of textured surfaces was assessed by MTT and the cellular adhesion test was performed using HOS ATCC CRL 1543 line cells. This test was done after 5 days of culture in a RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotics. The results showed that the linear textures present 23% toxicity after 30 days of incubation, nevertheless, the adhesion tests results are inconclusive in such conditions and therefore the effect of the line separation on the cell adhesion cannot be determined.

  6. Skadelig mutation nedsætter frughtbarheden hos de røde racer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahana, Goutam; Pedersen, Louise Dybdahl

    2014-01-01

    Igennem flere årtier er mælkeydelsen steget støt hos de danske malkekvægracer, og det er én af årsagerne til, at frugtbarheden fortsat er lav, idet der er en ugunstig sammenhæng mellem mælkeydelse og frugtbarhed (fig. 1). Hidtil har man ment, at den ugunstige sammenhæng skyldtes en negativ energi...

  7. Frihet & struktur : en kvalitativ studie av skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Siverts, Torstein

    2005-01-01

    Sammendrag. Tittel: Skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette Syndrom Med bakgrunn i egen erfaring fra arbeid med elever med Tourette Syndrom i grunnskolen, og i studier i spesialpedagogisk teori og empiri, etterstrebes det i denne studien å utvikle økt forståelse for hva slags erfaringer fra og perspektiver på sitt skoleliv elever med denne funksjonshemmende lidelsen har. Med grunnlag i analyser av intervjuer med elever om deres erfaringer og perspektiver, har jeg prøvd å b...

  8. Drænbehandling af recidiverende otitis media hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lous, Jørgen; Trankjær, Christina Ryborg; Thomsen, Janus Laust

    2010-01-01

    I et nyligt publiceret Cochrane-review om effekten af indsættelse af trommehindedræn hos børn med recidiverende akut otitis media (RAOM) fandt man kun to studier, som opfyldte inklusionskriterierne. De inkluderede studier påviste en absolut risikoreduktion for at få AOM på 0,34 på seks måneder. Ved...

  9. The use of HOS test to evaluate membrane functionality of boar sperm capacitated in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechniak, D; Kedzierski, A; Stanislawski, D

    2002-12-01

    The functional and structural integrity of sperm membrane are crucial for the viability of spermatozoa. The commonly used staining test (eosin + nigrosin) for assessing sperm membrane measures only its structural integrity. The hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) originally developed for human sperm (Jeyendran et al. 1984) has been also applied to several species of domestic animals (bull, pig, horse, dog). The test enables to evaluate the functional status of the sperm membrane. The principle of HOS is based on water transport across the sperm tail membrane under hypoosmotic conditions. It has previously been used to assess the semen quality (Revell and Mrode 1994), to analyse fertilizing capacity (Rota et al. 2000; Perez-Llano et al. 2001) and also to detect viable, immotile cells for ICSI (Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection) in human (Zeyneloglu et al. 2000). There are two procedures commonly used for sperm capacitation in the pig-sperm washing and incubation before insemination (Nagai 1994). Capacitation involves several changes like removing molecules coating the sperm head membrane, changes in membrane fluidity and intracellular ion concentration (Green and Watson 2001). Thus the membrane integrity as well as functionality may be affected as shown by Harrison (1996). The aim of the present study was to analyse changes in sperm membrane integrity after in vitro capacitation by use of the HOS test.

  10. The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Elías-Villalobos

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Morphological changes are critical for host colonisation in plant pathogenic fungi. These changes occur at specific stages of their pathogenic cycle in response to environmental signals and are mediated by transcription factors, which act as master regulators. Histone deacetylases (HDACs play crucial roles in regulating gene expression, for example by locally modulating the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulators. It has been reported that HDACs play important roles in the virulence of plant fungi. However, the specific environment-sensing pathways that control fungal virulence via HDACs remain poorly characterised. Here we address this question using the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. We find that the HDAC Hos2 is required for the dimorphic switch and pathogenic development in U. maydis. The deletion of hos2 abolishes the cAMP-dependent expression of mating type genes. Moreover, ChIP experiments detect Hos2 binding to the gene bodies of mating-type genes, which increases in proportion to their expression level following cAMP addition. These observations suggest that Hos2 acts as a downstream component of the cAMP-PKA pathway to control the expression of mating-type genes. Interestingly, we found that Clr3, another HDAC present in U. maydis, also contributes to the cAMP-dependent regulation of mating-type gene expression, demonstrating that Hos2 is not the only HDAC involved in this control system. Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis.

  11. Hospitalization is less in malnourished patients given intradialytic oral nutritional supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Lacson Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Overall, HOS was lower in the ONS group (N= 7,264 at 2.5 vs. 2.7 episodes/pt‐year for controls (N= 13,853, p<0.001. The unadjusted time to 1st HOS hazard ratio for ONS was 0.92 (0.88, 0.95 and after adjustment for baseline case‐mix, HOS 30‐days prior to study entry, and 5 HD quality indicators was 0.93 (0.90, 0.96. Although limited by the observational design, these results indicate lower HOS associated with ONS use in malnourished chronic HD patients with albumin ≤3.5 g/dL.

  12. Functional characterization of Candida albicans Hos2 histone deacetylase [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3i2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Karthikeyan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Candida albicans is a mucosal commensal organism capable of causing superficial (oral and vaginal thrush infections in immune normal hosts, but is a major pathogen causing systemic and mucosal infections in immunocompromised individuals. Azoles have been very effective anti-fungal agents and the mainstay in treating opportunistic mold and yeast infections. Azole resistant strains have emerged compromising the utility of this class of drugs. It has been shown that azole resistance can be reversed by the co-administration of a histone deacetylase (HDAC inhibitor, suggesting that resistance is mediated by epigenetic mechanisms possibly involving Hos2, a fungal deacetylase. We report here the cloning and functional characterization of HOS2 (HighOsmolarity Sensitive, a gene coding for fungal histone deacetylase from C. albicans. Inhibition studies showed that Hos2 is susceptible to pan inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, but is not inhibited by class I inhibitors such as MS-275. This in vitro enzymatic assay, which is amenable to high throughput could be used for screening potent fungal Hos2 inhibitors that could be a potential anti-fungal adjuvant. Purified Hos2 protein consistently deacetylated tubulins, rather than histones from TSA-treated cells. Hos2 has been reported to be a putative NAD+ dependent histone deacetylase, a feature of sirtuins. We assayed for sirtuin activation with resveratrol and purified Hos2 protein and did not find any sirtuin activity.

  13. HosA, a MarR Family Transcriptional Regulator, Represses Nonoxidative Hydroxyarylic Acid Decarboxylase Operon and Is Modulated by 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ajit; Ranjan, Akash

    2016-02-23

    Members of the Multiple antibiotic resistance Regulator (MarR) family of DNA binding proteins regulate transcription of a wide array of genes required for virulence and pathogenicity of bacteria. The present study reports the molecular characterization of HosA (Homologue of SlyA), a MarR protein, with respect to its target gene, DNA recognition motif, and nature of its ligand. Through a comparative genomics approach, we demonstrate that hosA is in synteny with nonoxidative hydroxyarylic acid decarboxylase (HAD) operon and is present exclusively within the mutS-rpoS polymorphic region in nine different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. Using molecular biology and biochemical approach, we demonstrate that HosA binds to a palindromic sequence downstream to the transcription start site of divergently transcribed nonoxidative HAD operon and represses its expression. Furthermore, in silico analysis showed that the recognition motif for HosA is highly conserved in the upstream region of divergently transcribed operon in different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. A systematic chemical search for the physiological ligand revealed that 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA) interacts with HosA and derepresses HosA mediated repression of the nonoxidative HAD operon. Based on our study, we propose a model for molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of nonoxidative HAD operon by HosA in Enterobacteriaceae family.

  14. Functional characterization of Candida albicans Hos2 histone deacetylase [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3xh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Karthikeyan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Candida albicans is a mucosal commensal organism capable of causing superficial (oral and vaginal thrush infections in immune normal hosts, but is a major pathogen causing systemic and mucosal infections in immunocompromised individuals. Azoles have been very effective anti-fungal agents and the mainstay in treating opportunistic mold and yeast infections. Azole resistant strains have emerged compromising the utility of this class of drugs. It has been shown that azole resistance can be reversed by the co-administration of a histone deacetylase (HDAC inhibitor, suggesting that resistance is mediated by epigenetic mechanisms possibly involving Hos2, a fungal deacetylase. We report here the cloning and functional characterization of HOS2 (HighOsmolarity Sensitive, a gene coding for fungal histone deacetylase from C. albicans. Inhibition studies showed that Hos2 is susceptible to pan inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, but is not inhibited by class I inhibitors such as MS-275. This in vitro enzymatic assay, which is amenable to high throughput could be used for screening potent fungal Hos2 inhibitors that could be a potential anti-fungal adjuvant. Purified Hos2 protein consistently deacetylated tubulins, rather than histones from TSA-treated cells. Hos2 has been reported to be a putative NAD+ dependent histone deacetylase, a feature of sirtuins. We assayed for sirtuin activation with resveratrol and purified Hos2 protein and did not find any sirtuin activity.

  15. Butyl benzyl phthalate suppresses the ATP-induced cell proliferation in human osteosarcoma HOS cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, P.-S.; Chen, C.-Y.

    2010-01-01

    Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), an endocrine disruptor present in the environment, exerts its genomic effects via intracellular steroid receptors and elicits non-genomic effects by interfering with membrane ion-channel receptors. We previously found that BBP blocks the calcium signaling coupled with P2X receptors in PC12 cells (Liu and Chen, 2006). Osteoblast P2X receptors were recently reported to play a role in cell proliferation and bone remodeling. In this present study, the effects of BBP on ATP-induced responses were investigated in human osteosarcoma HOS cells. These receptors mRNA had been detected, named P2X4, P2X7, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y5, P2Y9, and P2Y11, in human osteosarcoma HOS cells by RT-PCR. The enhancement of cell proliferation and the decrease of cytoviability had both been shown to be coupled to stimulation via different concentrations of ATP. BBP suppressed the ATP-induced calcium influx (mainly coupled with P2X) and cell proliferation but not the ATP-induced intracellular calcium release (mainly coupled with P2Y) and cytotoxicity in human osteosarcoma HOS cells. Suramin, a common P2 receptor's antagonist, blocked the ATP-induced calcium signaling, cell proliferation, and cytotoxicity. We suggest that P2X is mainly responsible for cell proliferation, and P2Y might be partially responsible for the observed cytotoxicity. BBP suppressed the calcium signaling coupled with P2X, suppressing cell proliferation. Since the importance of P2X receptors during bone metastasis has recently become apparent, the possible toxic risk of environmental BBP during bone remodeling is a public problem of concern.

  16. Burde jeg forstått? Selvmord hos eldre. Forekomst, risikofaktorer og mulig forebygging - en litteraturstudie.

    OpenAIRE

    Rotefoss, Simen Johnsrud

    2014-01-01

    Tittel: Burde jeg forstått? Selvmord hos eldre. Forekomst, risikofaktorer og mulig forebygging - en litteraturstudie. Bakgrunn: I Norge ser vi en nedgang i selvmordsraten blant eldre de siste årene, og vi ligger nå under det europeiske gjennomsnittet. Flertallet av eldre som begår selvmord, har i forkant av handlingen formidlet sitt dødsønske til enten helsepersonell eller pårørende. Likevel står sykepleiere i hjemmetjenesten ovenfor en faglig utfordring ved å avdekke eldres suicidalitet. ...

  17. Belöningssystem : En studie om belöningar och motivation hos Handelsbanken

    OpenAIRE

    Sepulveda Moradinassab, Natalie; Gebretsadkan, Yosef

    2011-01-01

    Sammanfattning Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi med inriktning mot hållbar verksamhetsutveckling och management, Mälardalens Högskola i Västerås.   Datum: 2011-06-07   Författare: Yosef Gebretsadkan och Natalie Sepúlveda Moradinassab   Handledare: Peter Selegård   Titel: Belöningssystem - En studie om belöningar och motivation hos Handelsbanken   Problemformulering: Belöningssystem har i dagsläget blivit oerhört modernt och de flesta banker använder sig av det. Till följd av detta har studie...

  18. Hvordan kan sykepleier forebygge fotsår hos pasienter med diabetes type-2?

    OpenAIRE

    Vidme, Lisbeth Holo – Lund

    2012-01-01

    NORSK: I denne oppgaven har fokuset vert hvordan sykepleier kan forebygge fotsår hos pasienter med diabetes type-2. Jeg redegjør for undervisning og veiledning som er en viktig del av forebyggingen. Forklarer senkomplikasjonenen nevropati og aterosklerose og hvilke symptomer disse har. Jeg beskriver undersøkelser og utfordringer som en sykepleier har i forbindelse med identifisering av fotsår på pasienter med diabetes type-2. Jeg har brukt artikler fra Tidskrifter for den Norske Legeforeni...

  19. Coccidiose hos kvæg: En oversigt over coccidiearter, patogenese, epidemiologi og forebyggelse specielt i økologiske besætninger

    OpenAIRE

    Vaarst, M.; Ingvartsen, K.L.; Vestergaard, E.M.; Maddox-Hyttel, C.

    2003-01-01

    Coccidiose hos kalve forårsages af arter af de encellede parasitter, Eimeria, der findes vidt udbredt i alle verdensdele, og som giver anledning til diarré og utrivelighed hos især unge og modtagelige dyr. Hos kvæg findes 12 forskellige Eimeria arter, der adskiller sig fra hinanden med hensyn til morfologi, livscyklus og patogenitet. Infektion med Eimeria kan diagnosticeres ved forskellige la-boratoriemetoder, hvorved bl.a. antallet og arten af coccidier forsøges fastslået. Således skabes gru...

  20. Seksuel dysfunktion er hyppig hos patientermed analfistler og analfissurer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm Andersen, Malene; Møller, Henrik; Gögenur, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    Anal fistulas and fissures are frequent disorders. Affected patients may have significant psychosocial and sexual dysfunction. A few studies have investigated patients with anal fissures and fistulas with regard to sexual dysfunction. These studies showed a significant degree of sexual dysfunction...... among the affected patients. Data are surprisingly limited in this field. More studies are needed to describe this issue and to define a successful treatment for these patients....

  1. Anden-ordens false belief og sproglig rekursion hos børn med Autisme Spektrum Forstyrrelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Polyanskaya, Irina

    2017-01-01

    En tværfaglig forskningsgruppe fra Roskilde Universitet undersøger forbindelsen mellem udviklingen af sprog og udviklingen af socialkognitive evner hos børn med Autisme Spektrum Forstyrrelser. Projektet er støttet af VELUX FONDEN, og bag projektet står psykolog og ph.d.-studerende Irina Polyanska...

  2. Primær kutan kryptokokkose hos dueavler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kjeld; Ravn, Pernille; Bangsborg, Jette Marie

    2011-01-01

    A Danish 73 year-old male patient with polymyalgia rheumatica and in prednisone treatment presented with a cutaneous ulcer on the hand caused by a scratch from a pigeon. Initial treatment with antibiotics was unsuccessful. Biopsy revealed Cryptococcus neoformans and the patient recovered on antif......A Danish 73 year-old male patient with polymyalgia rheumatica and in prednisone treatment presented with a cutaneous ulcer on the hand caused by a scratch from a pigeon. Initial treatment with antibiotics was unsuccessful. Biopsy revealed Cryptococcus neoformans and the patient recovered...

  3. Daphnoretin Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Osteosarcoma (HOS Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhai He

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study antiproliferation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by daphnoretin in human osteosarcoma (HOS cells were investigated. Antiproliferative activity was measured with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assay. The IC50 value of daphnoretin was 3.89 μM after 72 h treatment. Induction of apoptosis was evidenced by apoptotic body appearance and Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit. Flow cytometric analysis indicated daphnoretin arrested the cell cycle in the G2/M phase. Western-blot assay showed that the G2/M phase arrest was accompanied by down-regulation of cdc2, cyclin A and cyclin B1. Moreover, daphnoretin inhibited Bcl-2 expression and induced Bax expression to desintegrate the outer mitochondrial membrane and causing cytochrome c release. Mitochondrial cytochrome c release was associated with the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 cascade. Our results demonstrated that daphnoretin caused death of HOS cells by blocking cells successively in G2/M phases and activating the caspase-3 pathway.

  4. Hvordan reducerer vi stress hos erhvervsaktive med høretab?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Katja; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2015-01-01

    Stressrelateret sygefravær og dårlig social tilknytning til kolleger og ledelse er virkeligheden for mange danskere med nedsat hørelse. Samtidig er det vanskeligt for virksomhederne at håndtere stress hos gruppen, fordi der mangler indsigt i de udfordringer og sammenhænge, der har betydning...... for udviklingen af stress, når man har et høretab. I kapitlet arbejder vi hen imod konstruktionen af et dialogværktøj, der kan skabe denne indsigt samt støtte arbejdet med stressreduktion og -forebyggelse. Dialogværktøjet er blevet til på baggrund af resultater fra forløb med metoden Ecological Momentary...... Storytelling. 6 erhvervsaktive med høretab deltog i perioden 2013 – 2014. Indledende brugertests indikerer, at dialogværktøjet har po- tentiale som et organisatorisk forståelses- og procesværktøj til reduktion og forebyggelse af stress hos målgruppen....

  5. Udredning af knude på halsen hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian Grønhøj; Channir, Hani Ibrahim; Kiss, Katalin

    2015-01-01

    Doctors are frequently presented to patients with a neck mass, and the condition might cause diagnostic challenges. In younger adults, a neck mass can typically be explained by congenital, inflammatory or infectious causes. The highest probability of neoplasms is found in patients above 40 years ...

  6. Laparoskopisk splenektomi for hereditaer sfaerocytose hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Christine Rønne; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    Based on the positive international experience with laparoscopic splenectomy on a large number of patients since 1991, we treated two teenagers with symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis and moderate splenomegaly. Both operations and postoperative courses were uneventful, and the children had impr...

  7. Laparoskopisk splenektomi for hereditaer sfaerocytose hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Christine Rønne; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    Based on the positive international experience with laparoscopic splenectomy on a large number of patients since 1991, we treated two teenagers with symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis and moderate splenomegaly. Both operations and postoperative courses were uneventful, and the children had...

  8. Cochleaimplantationer hos voksne. Resultater og betydning for kommunikation og livskvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, C E; Grøntved, A M

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the benefits and complications from cochlear implantation and to evaluate the average implant usage per day. Ten profoundly deaf adults were implanted during the period April 1994 to September 1997. The patients answered questionnaires one year or more after...... receiving their cochlear implants. The average implant usage per day was 16 hours. The patients would again opt for a cochlear implant and would recommend a cochlear implant for a deaf friend. A paired comparison showed that the implants led to statistically significant improvement in a number of factors...

  9. Perkutan endoskopisk gastrostomisonde hos børn med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barlaug, Mari; Kruse, Aksel; Schrøder, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common in children with cancer. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a well-established method to treat malnutrition. The objective of this study was to describe the complications and efficacy of PEG in paediatric cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between...... to the PEG. From the time of placement to the removal of the tube there was a significant (p=0,04) increase in the median weight-for-age SDS of 0,46 (0,02; 0,89). CONCLUSION: PEG is a safe and efficient method to treat malnutrition in paediatric cancer patients. The most frequent complication is inflammation...

  10. Selvadministreret ventrikelsondeernaering hos et barn med infantil autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrborg, J

    1991-01-01

    An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill the internatio......An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill...

  11. Klinisk kemiske parametre for metabolisk kontrol hos diabetespatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sindrup, S H; Matzen, L E; Wengler, K

    1989-01-01

    with glycosylated hemoglobin below upper reference limit had a fructosamine value over upper reference limit and vice versa. The possibility to predict the level of glycosylated hemoglobin from fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, and self-measured blood glucose was poor. The difference in self......, postprandial blood glucose, and self-measured blood glucose only seem to reflect glycaemic control to a minor degree. Udgivelsesdato: 1989-null......Fructosamine and various measures of blood glucose were compared to glycosylated hemoglobin as indices of glycaemic control in 148 patients with insulin treated diabetes. Fructosamine correlated fairly well with glycosylated hemoglobin (r = 0.67), but around 40 per cent of the patients...

  12. Rabdomyolyse under isotretinoinbehandling hos en 17-årig mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsrud, Cecilie; Stender, Ida-Marie; Schmidt, Lisbeth Samsø

    2017-01-01

    Rhabdomyolysis is a rare, but known complication to treat-ment with systemic isotretinoin in patients with acne and can lead to severe kidney damage. In our case report a 17-year-old male, exercising moderately, developed rhab-domyolysis without kidney injury after two-month treatment with isotre......Rhabdomyolysis is a rare, but known complication to treat-ment with systemic isotretinoin in patients with acne and can lead to severe kidney damage. In our case report a 17-year-old male, exercising moderately, developed rhab-domyolysis without kidney injury after two-month treatment...

  13. Myokardieinfarkt hos 22-årig mand med essentiel trombocytose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müllertz, Katrine M; Vestergaard, Hanne; Hansen, Henrik Steen

    2011-01-01

    Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is an acquired myeloproliferative disorder that causes thrombosis and haemorrhage. The association of myocardial infarction with ET is rare. We here describe a 22 year-old male patient with ET who presented with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography sho...

  14. Steatocystoma multiplex hos 39-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duffy, Jonas Raymond; Siersen, Hans Erik; Bonde, Christian T

    2011-01-01

    A clinical case of the rare disorder steatocystoma multiplex is described in a 39-year-old female. The patient was diagnosed with generalized intradermal lesions that started presenting in early adulthood. There was no family history of similar lesions.Skin examination showed multiple, skin...

  15. Pyomyositis uden feber hos 12-årig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Hindsø, Klaus; Wislander, Steen Bo

    2009-01-01

    resonance imaging (MRI) revealed infection in the left m. ileopsoas. Previous ultrasound, computerised tomography, x-ray and bone-scintigraphy were normal. After 11 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy and clinical remission, secondary bone affection was detected by a new MRI. Long-term antibiotic...... treatment is required in such cases because of the risk of secondary bone affection. This patient was treated for 11 days with intravenous antibiotic therapy and for the subsequent three months with tablets. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar-2...

  16. Selvadministreret ventrikelsondeernaering hos et barn med infantil autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrborg, J

    1991-01-01

    An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill the internatio...... the international criteria for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. A possible etiological factor and the education/psychological attitudes to the compulsive symptom are discussed. Udgivelsesdato: 1991-Oct-14...

  17. Depression och stress hos kranskärlspatienter

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Daniel; Christovski, Minja

    2011-01-01

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur vanligt det är med stress och depression efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Vidare planeras att undersöka samband mellan stress och depression samt också eventuella skillnader mellan könen för hur stress och depression upplevs efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Metod: Patienter som varit inlagda för hjärtinfarkt vid Akademiska sjukhuset i Uppsala inkluderas i studien. Patienterna skall ha genomgått hjärtinfarkt och/eller PCI och/eller CABG. De tre enk...

  18. Forbedret overlevelse hos børn med neuroblastom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Henrik; Wacher, Jeanette; Larsson, Heidi

    2010-01-01

    children below 15 years of age with neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma who were diagnosed in Denmark between 1981 and 2005. RESULTS: The incidence was 8.68 per million children below 15 years of age (world standard 9.6) and 43.5 per million children below 12 months of age and these incidences have...... three years from diagnosis occurred in only 2% of patients. The median time from relapse to death was three months. CONCLUSION: The survival of children with neuroblastoma in Denmark has increased significantly over the last 25 years. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Oct-4...

  19. Hyppigheden af selvrapporteret alkoholpåvirkning hos tilskadekomme cyklister

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, L B; Larsen, Claus Falck; Kain, H

    1995-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of self reported alcohol influence in injured bicyclists. The study was based upon a combination of data from a questionnaire and recordings from the emergency room. Eighteen percent of cyclists 15 years of age or older treated at the emergency...... room reported themselves influenced by alcohol at the time of accident. The highest injury rate in patients riding under influence was found in the age group 20-29 years, and the proportion of injured cyclists riding under influence was four times higher in males than in females. The lesions sustained...... by alcohol influenced bicyclists were not more severe than those of the not influenced injured bicyclists....

  20. Att upptäcka ätstörning hos skolelever utifrån skolsköterskors erfarenheter : En kvalitativ studie

    OpenAIRE

    Gregefalk, Eva; Lagbo, Åsa

    2017-01-01

    Sammanfattning Bakgrund: Forskning visar att ätstörningar hos skolelever blir alltmer vanligt både nationellt och internationellt. Det förekommer mest hos flickor men ökar även hos pojkar. Uppskattningsvis har 10 % ätstörningssymtom. Ca 4-5% av alla flickor har någon gång insjuknat i en allvarlig ätstörning i Sverige. Det är av vikt att upptäcka dessa skolelever då konsekvenserna kan medföra allvarliga hälsoproblem med långdraget, ibland kroniskt förlopp och i värsta fall död. Syfte: Beskriva...

  1. "Stress finns alltid med i bilden" : Skolrelaterad stress hos barn – en fråga för skolkuratorn?

    OpenAIRE

    Åkerström, Karolina

    2018-01-01

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur skolkuratorer beskriver skolrelaterad stress hos barn samt hur de i sin yrkesroll arbetar med frågor som rör skolrelaterad stress hos barn. Metoden i studien var kvalitativ och semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med skolkuratorer arbetandes inom grundskolan. Studiens teoretiska tolkningsram var känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) och socialt stöd för att få en vidgad förståelse för barns skolrelaterade stress och skolkuratorns roll i det psykosociala ar...

  2. Når alderen indhenter én. Kropslighed, aldring og profession hos gymnasiets idrætslærere. Ph.d. afhandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Når alderen indhenter én – om kropslighed, aldring og profession hos gymnasiets idrætslærere er en ph.d.-afhandling udarbejdet af Mette Krogh Christensen på Institut for Idræt (Afdeling for Historie og Samfundsvidenskab), Københavns Universitet. Afhandlingen handler om, på hvilken måde alder spil...

  3. The effects of real-time telemedicine video consultations between nurses and patients with severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sorknæs, Anne Dichmann

    Formålet med ph.d. studiet var at undersøge effekten af telekonsultationer som supplement til konventionel behandling sammenlignet med konventionel behandling hos udskrevne patienter med KOL med fokus på genindlæggelser, dødelighed, sundhedsøkonomi, sygeplejerskers og patienters oplevelse af tele...

  4. Antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with liver cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Is there evidence for its use?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Kronborg, Gitte

    2005-01-01

    Bakteriel infektion er en hyppig komplikation hos patienter med levercirrose. En særlig udsat gruppe er patienter, der både har levercirrose og øvre gastrointestinal blødning. Studier har vist, at op til 66% bliver bakterielt inficerede inden for en 14-dages-periode efter blødning. Der er ligeled...

  5. Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) questionnaires for young to middle-aged adults with hip and groin disability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, K; Tijssen, M; Habets, B

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIM: To recommend Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) questionnaires to measure hip and groin disability in young-aged to middle-aged adults. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in June 2014. The methodological quality of the studies included was determined using the COnsensus...... ratings of poor study methodology (23% and 31%, respectively), whereas IHOT-33 and HOS had a somewhat larger distribution (46%). These PROs all contain adequate measurement qualities for content validity (except HOS), test-retest reliability, construct validity, responsiveness and interpretability....... No information or poor quality rating on methodological aspects made it impossible to fully evaluate the remaining PROs at present. CONCLUSIONS: HAGOS, HOS, IHOT-12 and IHOT-33 can be recommended for assessment of young-aged to middle-aged adults with pain related to the hip joint, undergoing non...

  6. Antithyroideaantistof hos to patienter med subakut dementiel udvikling, ataksi og myoklonus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Hansen, Klaus; Gonzalez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus and posit......Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus...

  7. Diagnostisk strategi hos patienter, der er henvist til skadestuen pa mistanke om dyb venos trombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, M.Y.; Kristensen, M.; Brogaard, M.H.

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year. MA...

  8. Paclitaxels farmakogenomik hos patienter med kræft i æggestokken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergmann, Troels Korshøj; Mirza, Mansoor Raza; Andersen, Charlotte Brasch

    (fx ABCB1, CYP2C8, CYP3A4, SLCO1B3) korrelerer med farmakokinetik, toksicitet og effekt.  Design: Datasættet består af toksicitetsregistreringer, overlevelses-data og paclitaxelkoncentrationsbestemmelser i plasma (ende-punkter) og af SNP genotypning. Genotypen er uafhængigt og tilfældigt distribueret...

  9. Antithyroideaantistof hos to patienter med subakut dementiel udvikling, ataksi og myoklonus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Hansen, Klaus; Gonzalez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Hashimoto encephalitis (HE) is a steroid-responsive autoimmune encephalitis with anti-thyroid antibodies; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a prion disease. Both disorders can have a similar clinical presentation. Two women, 67 and 63 year-old, with subacute dementia, ataxia, myoclonus...

  10. Neuro-Behçet hos en kaukasid dansk patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karshena, Ali; Koch-Henriksen, Nils

    2010-01-01

    . The diagnosis of neuro-Behçet can be difficult to establish if the mucocutaneous involvement is incomplete, absent, or unattended. We present an exceptional case of neuro-Behçet in a 38-year-old Caucasian Danish woman. On account of the risk of serious complication, it is important to make the diagnosis as soon...

  11. Paralyse af nervus peroneus hos patient med Ehlers-Danlos syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Skov, Ole

    2011-01-01

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a hereditary generalized connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility and tissue fragility. Peripheral neuropathy is described sporadically. Although the exact mechanism of the neuropathy is not well-known, excessive...

  12. Diabetisk ketoacidose hos en hiv-positiv patient i antiretroviral behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Malene Rahbek; Hansen, Birgitte Rønde; Røder, Michael E

    2006-01-01

    inhibitors (PI), in particular, has been associated with insulin resistance and hyperglycaemia, but only infrequently with diabetic ketoacidosis. We report a case of diabetic ketoacidosis in an HIV-infected woman after 1(1/2) years of a PI-containing regimen, demonstrating reduced beta cell function...

  13. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...

  14. Epstein-Barr-virus-associeret lymfom hos en patient med colitis ulcerosa i behandling med azathioprin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Kiszka-Kanowitz, Marianne; Albrectsen, Jens Mørch

    2008-01-01

    A 28 year-old man with ulcerative colitis treated for 10 years with azathioprine (AZA) returned from Central Asia with fever, swollen lymph glands, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. He was tested positive for acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Before the final diagnosis of EBV...

  15. Graviditetskomplikationer hos en patient med systemisk lupus erythematosus og lupus nefritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Helene; Jacobsen, Søren; Tvede, Niels

    2014-01-01

    A woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis had two pregnancies which both resulted in complications known to be associated with SLE, i.e. late abortion, preterm delivery and pre-eclampsia. We conclude that disease quiescence is important for a successful outcome...

  16. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 1 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128072)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 01, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  17. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 2 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-02, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128093)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 02, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  18. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 4 Leg 1, collected from 2010-11-07 to 2010-11-14, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0130023)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 04, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  19. Sexuellt riskbeteende och självkänsla hos ungdomar

    OpenAIRE

    Unis, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Sammanfattning     Författare (Tillnamn, förnamn)                                                                                                                 Årtal                     Unis, Brian                                                                                                       2010              Arbetets titel   Sexuellt riskbeteende och självkänsla hos ungdomar Opublicerad uppsats för magisterexamen.                                                                      ...

  20. Individuell variasjon i utskillelse av 6-sulfatoksymelatonin og døgnrytmetype analysert hos skiftarbeidere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tore Tynes

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGI denne studien har vi undersøkt om det finnes noen sammenheng mellom målte verdier av urinmetabolitten6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s tatt ut i porsjoner gjennom døgnet og selvrapportert døgnrytme hos engruppe norske skiftarbeidere. Studien omfatter 19 arbeidstakere ved to produksjonsenheter ved HydroPorsgrunn, magnesiumfabrikken og fullgjødselfabrikk 3. Etter å ha deltatt i en studie der urinprøver blesamlet inn, svarte de involverte senere på et spørreskjema om søvn og døgnrytme. Resultatene indikerer ategenrapporterte B-type mennesker har en tendens til høyere midlere timeutskillelse av aMT6s analysert pådøgnbasis første døgn med nattskift, og en signifikant høyere nattutskillelse (8 timer i et kontrolldøgnhjemme. I fremtidige studier av melatoninsekresjon og utskillelse av metabolitt i urin, kan det være avinteresse samtidig å samle inn spørreskjemabaserte opplysninger om døgnrytmetype og utfyllende opplysningerom søvn og søvnmønster i relasjon til eksponeringer som skiftarbeid og andre arbeidsmiljøfaktorersom kan ha effekt på hormonbalansen.Tynes T, Haugsdal B, Tønnessen A, Kleiven M. Individual variations in excretion of6-sulfatoxymelatonin in morning and evening type Norwegian shift workers.Nor J Epidemiol ENGLISH SUMMARYThe aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is an association between measured values of the urinemetabolite 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s in samples collected at selected intervals and self-reported diurnalrhythm in a group of Norwegian shift workers. The study included 19 workers at two production unitsat Hydro Porsgrunn, the magnesium factory and fertiliser factory 3. After submitting the urine samplesused for the study, subjects filled in a questionnaire on sleep and diurnal rhythm at a later date. The resultsindicate that self-reported evening type subjects have a tendency towards a higher mean hourly aMT6ssecretionfirst day on night shift, and a significantly higher night

  1. Quality of life in urinary bladder and prostate cancer patients

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Stefanie, 1979-

    2014-01-01

    The overall objective of this thesis was to describe the evolution of Health-Related Quality of Life in Spanish patients with urologic tumours; and to the examine clinical and treatment-related factors associated with changes in Health-Related Quality of Life during the first year of treatment. The EMPARO project is an observational, multicenter, prospective study on patients diagnosed with bladder cancer (n=326) and prostate cancer (n=472). Consecutive patients were enrolled in 7 Spanish hos...

  2. The RNA-binding protein HOS5 and serine/arginine-rich proteins RS40 and RS41 participate in miRNA biogenesis in Arabidopsis

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Tao

    2015-07-30

    MicroRNAs are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are generated from primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts with a stem-loop structure. Accuracy of the processing of pri-miRNA into mature miRNA in plants can be enhanced by SERRATE (SE) and HYPONASTIC LEAVES 1 (HYL1). HYL1 activity is regulated by the FIERY2 (FRY2)/RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain phosphatase-like 1 (CPL1). Here, we discover that HIGH OSMOTIC STRESS GENE EXPRESSION 5 (HOS5) and two serine/arginine-rich splicing factors RS40 and RS41, previously shown to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing, affect the biogenesis of a subset of miRNA. These proteins are required for correct miRNA strand selection and the maintenance of miRNA levels. FRY2 dephosphorylates HOS5 whose phosphorylation status affects its subnuclear localization. HOS5 and the RS proteins bind both intronless and intron-containing pri-miRNAs. Importantly, all of these splicing-related factors directly interact with both HYL1 and SE in nuclear splicing speckles. Our results indicate that these splicing factors are directly involved in the biogenesis of a group of miRNA.

  3. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks...

  4. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks....

  5. Mortaliteten hos multitraumatiserede trafiktilskadekomne. Deskriptiv undersøgelse 1986-1990

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, M S; Jørgensen, H R

    1995-01-01

    In the period 1986-1990, 16,307 patients were injured in road traffic accidents in the city of Odense, Denmark. 251 had multiple injuries according to the definition: AIS > or = 3 in at least two body regions. Overall mortality was 41%, while the mortality in hospital was 20%. 19 patients died wi...

  6. Temporary hyposalivation induced by radiation therapy in a child; Forbigaaende straaleindusert hyposalivasjon hos barnepasient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, J.L. [Oslo Univ., Oslo (Norway); Langberg, C.W. [Ullevaal Sykehus, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-09-01

    This case report deals with the diagnosis and treatment of hyposalivation after radical radiation therapy and cytotoxic treatment of a metastasising nasopharyngeal carcinoma in an eight-year old girl. After cancer treatment the patient suffered from xerostomia, and pronounced hyposalivation was demonstrated. Frequent chewing of sugar-free gum and use of lozenges was recommended, and the patient was followed up for one year. During this time, the values for unstimulated whole saliva increased by a factor of five, and stimulated whole saliva values increased as well, but less so. Two years after cancer treatment, the patient no longer suffers from xerostomia. 13 refs., 2 figs.

  7. Beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, A.; Main, K.M.; Scheibel, E.

    2002-01-01

    strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...... were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin .... An earlier and more effective iron chelation therapy together with improved patient support may reduce growth disturbances and endocrine and cardiac late effects....

  8. beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Anne; Main, Katharina Maria; Scheibel, Elma

    2002-01-01

    strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...... were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin .... An earlier and more effective iron chelation therapy together with improved patient support may reduce growth disturbances and endocrine and cardiac late effects....

  9. Cannabinoid hyperemesissyndrom som årsag til langvarig kvalme og opkastning hos cannabismisbrugere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vindsand Naver, Astrid; Theede, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome causing prolonged nausea and vomiting in patients with cannabis abuse Cannabis is one of the most used drugs worldwide. The link between repeated episodes of nausea, vomiting, and cannabis abuse is often missed in patients with prolonged cannabis abuse and is named...... cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. Characteristically, the symptoms appear in a cyclical pattern and are relieved by long, hot baths. Physical examination, radiology and endoscopy are often normal. The symptoms resolve with cessation of cannabis abuse. Health professionals must be aware of this syndrome...... in order to detect the patients early and to avoid extensive medical workup....

  10. Omfalitis med fatal udgang hos en nyfødt dreng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Debes, Nanette M M Mol; Dahl, Marianne; Jonsbo, Finn

    2008-01-01

    Omphalitis is a serious condition with important morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. The most commonly involved micro-organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We describe a Danish patient with cellulitis...

  11. Subjektive hukommelsesklager hos aeldre. Er det tegn på demens?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Asmus

    2008-01-01

    Subjective memory complaints are common in older people. They are inconsistently related to current cognitive impairment, but are more consistently correlated to future development of dementia. Subjective memory complaints are also related to depression and personality traits. Many patients...

  12. Subjektive hukommelsesklager hos aeldre. Er det tegn på demens?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Asmus

    2008-01-01

    Subjective memory complaints are common in older people. They are inconsistently related to current cognitive impairment, but are more consistently correlated to future development of dementia. Subjective memory complaints are also related to depression and personality traits. Many patients with ...

  13. Tredjegradsatrioventrikulært blok hos en ung kvinde med kongenit centralt hypoventilationssyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagelberg, Rikke; Dixen, Ulrik

    2015-01-01

    Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by autonomic nervous system dysfunction, which often manifests as failure to maintain ventilatory homeostasis during sleep. We present a case with a third degree atrioventricular block in a young woman...... with CCHS, which to our knowledge has not been seen before. As sudden death is known to occur among patients with CCHS, and it is under consideration to offer regularly monitoring of patients throughout childhood and adolescence....

  14. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g...... of ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  15. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia

    2003-01-01

    with baclofen, tizanidine, dantrolene and/or diazepam. Intrathecal baclofen has therefore been applied in a group of young patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight children and young adults from East Denmark with spasticity and 12 with dystonia aged 3-18 years (median 10.9 years) were tested, operated and treated...

  16. Tre tilfaelde af visceral leishmaniasis: det ene hos en HIV-positiv mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev, U; Jonsbo, F; Junge, Jette

    1991-01-01

    Three cases of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) are presented. One of these was in a 43-year-old patient with AIDS who was infected in Southern Spain. Another was in a man aged 25 years infected in West Africa. These cases are the first two adults to be reported in Denmark. The third case...

  17. Tre tilfaelde af visceral leishmaniasis: det ene hos en HIV-positiv mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev, U; Jonsbo, F; Junge, Jette

    1991-01-01

    Three cases of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) are presented. One of these was in a 43-year-old patient with AIDS who was infected in Southern Spain. Another was in a man aged 25 years infected in West Africa. These cases are the first two adults to be reported in Denmark. The third case was a...

  18. Diagnostisk strategi hos patienter, der er henvist til skadestuen på mistanke om dyb venøs trombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, Margit Yvonne; Kristensen, Majken; brogaard, marie husted

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The standard method for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves determination of D-dimer and ultrasound scanning. In an attempt to reduce the number of ultrasound examinations we have supplemented this with a clinical probability estimate for DVT (DVT-score) over one year...

  19. Normal D-dimer ved dyb venøs trombose i en overekstremitet hos to patienter med pacemaker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrne, Christina; Abdulla, Jawdat; Christensen, Jan Kim

    2015-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend the use of D-dimer to exclude deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities. However, guidelines are lacking for DVT in the upper extremities. We describe two young women with transvenous pacemaker electrodes and symptomatic DVT in related veins. Despite a normal...

  20. Svær interstitiel lungesygdom på grund af infliximab og azathioprin hos en patient med colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, L. K.; Cecere, Stefano; Thøgersen, Thøger

    2014-01-01

    A 41-year-old man developed severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) after treatment with infliximab (IFX) and azathioprine (AZA). A relapse of ulcerative colitis was treated with corticosteroids (CS) and IFX as rescue therapy. Following remission AZA was given as prophylaxis. AZA was initiated...

  1. Beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, A.; Main, K.M.; Scheibel, E.

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Beta-thalassemia major occurs with increasing frequency among Danish children as a result of immigration. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of beta-thalassemia major in Denmark, analyse the treatment and organ functions, and identify areas for an improved treatment...... strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...... were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin

  2. beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Anne; Main, Katharina Maria; Scheibel, Elma

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Beta-thalassemia major occurs with increasing frequency among Danish children as a result of immigration. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of beta-thalassemia major in Denmark, analyse the treatment and organ functions, and identify areas for an improved treatment...... strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...... were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin

  3. Validitet af diagnosen urinvejsinfektion hos børn under to år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, Dina; Birkild, G; Rasmussen, Lene

    1999-01-01

    to study if these criteria were fulfilled in our department, which takes care of urinary tract infections in children in the county of Frederiksborg with a catchment area of about 350.000 people. From 1994-1996 a total of 60 children younger than two years of age were treated for their first suspected...... urinary tract infection. The diagnosis was valid in 37% of the cases. Eighty-eight percent of the children received parenteral antibiotics for at least three days, and 86% were discharged with prophylactic antibiotics. All underwent urological ultrasonographic examination and 70% underwent an isotope...... micturition cystourethrography. Among patients with a valid diagnosis 68% were boys and 50% had urological abnormalities, whereas among patients without a valid diagnosis there were 33% boys (p first urinary tract infection...

  4. Beta-thalassaemia major hos børn og unge i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, A.; Main, K.M.; Scheibel, E.

    2002-01-01

    were performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six children had beta-thalassemia major. Out of these, 20 received blood transfusions, and 17 patients were chelated. Eight patients were not chelated owing to previous bone marrow transplantation, treatment with hydroxyurea or ferritin ...INTRODUCTION: Beta-thalassemia major occurs with increasing frequency among Danish children as a result of immigration. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of beta-thalassemia major in Denmark, analyse the treatment and organ functions, and identify areas for an improved treatment...... strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During 1998-99 all Danish pediatric departments were contacted for identification of children aged 0-18 years with beta-thalassemia major. Blood transfusions and chelation therapy were registered, and for Eastern Denmark clinical, endocrine, cardiac, and serologic parameters...

  5. Selvstyring af peroral antikoagulationsbehandling hos børn med medfødte hjertesygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Attermann, Jørn; Hjortdal, Vibeke Elisabeth

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Self-management of oral anticoagulation has been shown to produce a better quality of treatment than conventional management when assessed in selected adults. We have extended the concept of self-management to include children with congenital cardiac disease on the hypothesis that i...... and their parents expressed full satisfaction with the treatment. DISCUSSION: Self-management of oral anticoagulation provides a good quality of treatment and is safe and feasible in selected children with congenital cardiac disease. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Sep-2...... that it is also possible in this subset of patients. Our aim was to assess the quality of self-management in children with congenital cardiac disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We trained 14 children aged from 2.2 to 15.6 years, with a mean age of 9.7 years, and their parents, in domiciliary analysis...... of the international normalised ratio (INR) and the necessary dose adjustment of the oral anticoagulant therapy. The curriculum for training covered 27 weeks, and the patients and their parents were followed up for a period of up to 31 months by weekly measurement of the INR values obtained. RESULTS: The patients were...

  6. CDKN2A-mutation hos en familie med arveligt malignt melanom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djursby, Malene; Wadt, Karin; Lorentzen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Malignant melanoma (MM) is a frequent form of cancer with increasing incidence. 6-10% of patients with MM report a family history of MM, and in most populations 2% of unselected cases of MM carry a CDKN2A mutation. tvWe present a family with 24 cases of MM in nine persons from several generations......, caused by a previously undescribed germ-line intronic mutation in CDKN2A. Through genetic counselling and genetic testing high-risk persons in the family are located and offered regular screening for MM....

  7. Inkomplet Kawasakis syndrom med koronaraneurisme hos et spædbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Rebecca Kofod; Debes, Nanette Mol; Stantchev, Hristo

    2014-01-01

    We report a four-month-old boy with incomplete Kawasaki syndrome. He developed a coronary artery aneurysm. Incomplete Kawasaki syndrome is rare in Denmark, and only reported in five patient cases in the past 25 years. It is difficult to diagnose Kawasaki disease; early diagnosis and treatment...... reduces the risk for cardiac sequel. In lack of diagnostic test, we recommend that the algorithm from the American Heart Association to diagnose incomplete Kawasaki is implemented in Denmark. The algorithm is based on classic clinical features, echocardiography and laboratory findings....

  8. Brystrekonstruktion med m. latissimus dorsi er et godt valg hos kvinder med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højvig, Jens B; Bonde, Christian T

    2015-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly used in breast cancer patients who have received radiation therapy. The use of a latissimus dorsi flap is a safe and viable alternative to the use of an abdominal flap. The cosmetic results are excellent but there is need for a better...... understanding of the donor-site morbidity in regard to potential loss of shoulder function. We believe that it is possible to improve the procedure through optimized surgical technique in combination with the implementation and the benefits of fast-track surgery....

  9. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One...... of the patients developed secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistocytosis (HLH). Both children were successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B. In Denmark, VL is a rare but important differential diagnosis to acute leukaemia and HLH, and should be ruled out after journeys to endemic areas, including Southern...

  10. Brystrekonstruktion med m. latissimus dorsi er et godt valg hos kvinder med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højvig, Jens B; Bonde, Christian T

    2015-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly used in breast cancer patients who have received radiation therapy. The use of a latissimus dorsi flap is a safe and viable alternative to the use of an abdominal flap. The cosmetic results are excellent but there is need for a better unde...... understanding of the donor-site morbidity in regard to potential loss of shoulder function. We believe that it is possible to improve the procedure through optimized surgical technique in combination with the implementation and the benefits of fast-track surgery....

  11. Effekt av protein i rasjonen på fôropptak, melkeytelse, melkekvalitet, tyggeatferd, og aktivitet hos melkekyr med ulik fôreffektivitet

    OpenAIRE

    Skjelbred, Camilla Therese

    2017-01-01

    Formålet med dette forsøket var å undersøke effekten av ulik fôreffektivitet (høy og lav) hos kyr, og ulikt proteinnivå (130, 145, 160, 175 g/kg TS) i fullfôret på fôropptak, melkeytelse, melkekvalitet, tyggeatferd og aktivitet. Kyr og andre drøvtyggere lever i symbiose med mikrobene i vomma som brytes ned cellulose og hemi-cellulose i fôret. For at mikrobene skal fungere optimalt er det viktig at miljøet i vomma er stabilt. En viktig del av fôret til kyrne er protein, og dette tilsettes i...

  12. Genoptraeden af kernikterus hos nyfødte børn i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.; Ebbesen, Finn

    2006-01-01

    of this disease. METHODS: The study included all infants in Denmark born term or near term, with symptoms of classical kernicterus, in the period from 1977 to 2003. RESULTS: From 1977 to 1993, no cases of kernicterus were reported. In the following period, from 1994 to 2002, eight patients were registered....... The maximum plasma total bilirubin concentration was 531-745 mol/l. The aetiology was determined in two infants: spherocytosis and galactosaemia. Most likely, ABO blood type immunization was the reason in four cases. In two cases, the aetiology was unknown. Seven infants had symptoms of chronic bilirubin...... and commence therapy at the appropriate time. This could possibly contribute to a reduction in the incidence of the disease and its serious consequences. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-Feb-13...

  13. Hypertension hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Elisabeth R; Johansen, Marianne; Kamper, Anne Lise

    2009-01-01

    There are four major hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. The indications and efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of the different hypertensive disorders are assessed. Advantages...

  14. Syfilis hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    The incidence of syphilis in Denmark is rising. In 2010, 377 new cases of syphilis were reported, 36 of these cases in women. Since January 1st 2010 all pregnant women are offered an antenatal syphilis test. This resulted in the finding of seven cases of syphilis among pregnant women in 2010....... This article summarises the clinical and serological findings in syphilis and describes the treatment of the disease, with focus on pregnancy and congenital infection....

  15. Nogle argumentationsgange hos Habermas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    1985-01-01

    Artiklen forholder sig til væsentlige begreber fra Habermas' teori om den kommunikative handlen.......Artiklen forholder sig til væsentlige begreber fra Habermas' teori om den kommunikative handlen....

  16. Harepest hos jaeger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edfors, Robert; Smith, Birgitte; Lillebaek, Troels

    2010-01-01

    "Rabbit fever" (Francisella Tularensis) is a rare infection in Denmark. It was first described in Denmark in 1987. It is most likely to affect people who come into close contact with infected animals or ticks, such as hunters, butchers and veterinarians. The diagnosis should be suspected in such ......"Rabbit fever" (Francisella Tularensis) is a rare infection in Denmark. It was first described in Denmark in 1987. It is most likely to affect people who come into close contact with infected animals or ticks, such as hunters, butchers and veterinarians. The diagnosis should be suspected...

  17. Bilateral akillesseneruptur hos nyretransplanterede

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, D; Feldt-Rasmussen, B F; Nimb, L

    1996-01-01

    Increased incidence of tendinitis and tendon ruptures is reported in recipients of a kidney transplant. Two cases of bilateral achilles tendon rupture after minimal trauma are described. Tendon ruptures are more frequent in individuals with kidney disease in dialysis or after transplantation comp...

  18. Hypertension hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Elisabeth R; Johansen, Marianne; Kamper, Anne Lise

    2009-01-01

    There are four major hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. The indications and efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of the different hypertensive disorders are assessed. Advantag...... and disadvantages of different classes of antihypertensive drugs during pregnancy and lactation are described....

  19. Kawasakis syndrom hos voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Skinhøj, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Kawasaki syndrome (KS), which is febrile systemic vasculitis complicated by coronary aneurysms, was initially described in children, but an increasing number of case-reports address adult-KS. The disease seems to be infectious of origin, but the causative agent has not been established. The debut...

  20. Botulisme hos et spaedbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Allan Bybeck; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Clausen, Marianne Engel

    2010-01-01

    investigation, contaminated food was not found. One particular batch of canned baby food was suspected and recalled from the market, but no contamination was found. The girl had not ingested honey. The condition is rare, but can be very serious and should be kept in mind in cases presenting with the well...

  1. Influenzavirus hos svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgård, Anders; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Med fundet af H1N1 virus i en cansdisk svinebesætning har den aktuelle humane, influenzaepidemi fået en veterinærvinkel og er rykket tættere på Danmark, mener ekspert fra DTU Veterinærinstituttet.......Med fundet af H1N1 virus i en cansdisk svinebesætning har den aktuelle humane, influenzaepidemi fået en veterinærvinkel og er rykket tættere på Danmark, mener ekspert fra DTU Veterinærinstituttet....

  2. Psykosocial støtte til pårørende til patienter med primær malign hjerne-tumor i et palliativt forløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuhlendorff, Britta

    og belastende at være pårørende til et menneske med hjernetumor. Dette stiller krav til de sundhedsprofessionelle om at kunne støtte og afhjælpe denne belastning for at leve op til WHO’s målsætning for den palliative indsats: ”at fremme livskvaliteten hos patienter og familier, som står over for de...

  3. 'HeART of Stroke (HoS)', a community-based Arts for Health group intervention to support self-confidence and psychological well-being following a stroke: protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis-Hill, Caroline; Gracey, Fergus; Thomas, Sarah; Lamont-Robinson, Catherine; Thomas, Peter W; Marques, Elsa M R; Grant, Mary; Nunn, Samantha; Cant, Robin P I; Galvin, Kathleen T; Reynolds, Frances; Jenkinson, Damian F

    2015-08-04

    Over 152,000 people in the UK have strokes annually and a third experience residual disability. Low mood also affects a third of stroke survivors; yet psychological support is poor. While Arts for Health interventions have been shown to improve well-being in people with mild-to-moderate depression post-stroke, their role in helping people regain sense of self, well-being and confidence has yet to be evaluated. The main aim of this study is to explore the feasibility of conducting a pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an Arts for Health group intervention ('HeART of Stroke' (HoS)) for stroke survivors. HoS is a 10-session artist-facilitated group intervention held in the community over 14 weeks. It offers a non-judgemental, supportive environment for people to explore sense of self, potentially enhancing well-being and confidence. Sixty-four people, up to 2 years post-stroke, recruited via secondary care research staff or community stroke/rehabilitation teams in two UK centres will be randomised to either HoS plus usual care or usual care only. Self-reported outcomes, measured at baseline and approximately 5 months postrandomisation, will include stroke-related, well-being, mood, self-esteem, quality of life and process measures. Analyses will focus on estimating key feasibility parameters (eg, rates of recruitment, retention, intervention attendance). We will develop outcome and resource use data collection methods to inform an effectiveness and cost-effectiveness analysis in the future trial. Interviews, with a sample of participants, will explore the acceptability of the intervention and study processes, as well as experiences of the HoS group. National Health Service (NHS), Research and Development and University ethical approvals have been obtained. Two peer-reviewed journal publications are planned plus one service user led publication. Findings will be disseminated at key national conferences

  4. Dömda att leva i skuggan : En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd

    OpenAIRE

    Niyonkuru, Elsie Diane

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) är en ärftlig sjukdom som fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt påverkar de drabbade individerna. Okunskap, fördomar och myter om albinism utgör de största orsakerna till den diskriminering som personer med albinism utsatts för särskilt i vissa länder i Afrika söder om Sahara. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd. Metod: En kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats ligger t...

  5. Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-03 in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill event (NODC Accession 0069070)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data were collected aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-03 in response to the Deepwater...

  6. Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill event (NODC Accession 0069069)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical and physical oceanographic profile data were collected aboard the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to the Deepwater...

  7. Dabigatran som årsag til svær gastrointestinal blødning hos et Jehovas Vidne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jakob; Taskiran, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of severe gastrointestinal bleeding in a Jehovah's Witness patient after ten days of treatment with dabigatran. The patient refused to have a blood transfusion due to belief. An endoscopic examination showed diffuse bleeding from her colonic mucosa, which is typical for medical...... induced bleedings. The patient was in a life-threatening condition and the haemoglobin level fell to nadir 2 mmol/l, before the bleeding stopped after one week's pause of dabigatran therapy. Since an antidote to dabigatran does not exist, precaution is needed when treating patients, who might refuse...

  8. Fysisk træning som behandling af nedsat funktionsevne hos svage, hjemmeboende 75+-årige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vad, Esther; Worm, Charlotte; Lauritsen, Jens

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home.......The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home....

  9. Hyperfibrinolyse som årsag til blødning og øget mortalitet hos traumepatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wikkelsø, Anne Juul; Afshari, Arash; Stensballe, Jakob

    2011-01-01

    Trauma-associated coagulopathies are at times present upon arrival at the emergency department. Hyperfibrinolysis is a condition in which the natural ability to dissolve blood clots is pathologically enhanced. It is present in 2-8% of trauma patients and associated with shock and increased...... mortality. Hyperfibrinolysis is easily detected by thromboelastography. The condition is treated with antifibrinolytics such as tranexamic acid--whereas transfusion with blood products is inefficient. This article explores the mechanisms and diagnostics of hyperfibrinolysis in trauma patients...

  10. Myokarditis med massivt troponin T-udslip forårsaget af varicella zoster-infektion hos teenager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nystrup, Kristin Brønnum; Stantchev, Hristo

    2014-01-01

    Chickenpox is a common childhood infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Complications are rare. We report on a 15-year-old boy who developed myocarditis during a varicella-zoster infection. The patient presented with severe chest pain, examinations revealed significant ST-elevations in t...

  11. Do Patients With Borderline Dysplasia Have Inferior Outcomes After Hip Arthroscopic Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement Compared With Patients With Normal Acetabular Coverage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvetanovich, Gregory L; Levy, David M; Weber, Alexander E; Kuhns, Benjamin D; Mather, Richard C; Salata, Michael J; Nho, Shane J

    2017-07-01

    The literature contains conflicting reports regarding whether outcomes of hip arthroscopic surgery for patients with borderline dysplasia are inferior to outcomes in patients with normal acetabular coverage. To assess differences in the outcomes of hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in groups of patients with borderline dysplasia and normal coverage. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. A registry of consecutive patients who had undergone primary hip arthroscopic surgery with capsular plication for FAI between January 2012 and January 2014 were divided based on the preoperative lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) into 2 distinct groups: (1) borderline dysplasia (LCEA 18°-25°) and (2) normal acetabular coverage (LCEA 25.1°-40°). There were 36 patients in the borderline dysplastic group and 312 patients in the normal coverage group. The primary outcome measure was the Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL) at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively. Secondary outcome measures included the HOS-Sports and modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS). The mean preoperative LCEA differed significantly between groups (23.4° ± 1.5° for borderline dysplastic, 32.5° ± 3.8° for normal coverage; P borderline dysplastic group had a higher percentage of female patients than the normal coverage group (27/36 [75%] vs 177/312 [57%], respectively; P = .048). There were no differences in other preoperative demographics and radiographic parameters. At a minimum 2 years after hip arthroscopic surgery (mean follow-up, 2.6 ± 0.6 years), both groups demonstrated significant improvements in all patient-reported outcome scores ( P borderline dysplastic and normal coverage groups in final outcome scores, score improvements, or percentage of patients experiencing clinically significant improvements. One patient in the borderline dysplastic group (3%) underwent revision hip arthroscopic surgery, and none underwent total hip arthroplasty during the follow

  12. Relevant traume hos en hæmodynamisk stabil patient bør efterfølges af computertomografi trods graviditet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Mads Agerholm; Frederiksen-Møller, Britta; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2012-01-01

    A 37 year-old pregnant woman, gestational age 32 weeks, was involved in a motor vehicle accident. Abdominal ultrasound revealed no pathological findings, and the woman was discharged after 24 hours of observation. Three weeks later a healthy girl was delivered by emergency caesarean section due...

  13. eSundhedskompetence og brugsmønstre af eksisterende e-sundhedstilbud hos ambulante medicinske patienter med kroniske sygdomme-spørgeskemaundersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Kamila Beata Adellund

    2016-01-01

    Baggrund og motivation: Digitaliseringen har tiltagende udbredelse i sundhedsvæsenet fx. tilbyder praktiserende læger e-mailkonsultationer. Sundhed.dk giver adgang til bl.a. egen medicinstatus og hospitalernes udskrivningsdiagnoser. Region Hovedstaden og Region Sjælland er netop påbegyndt impleme...

  14. Implementering af ny standard for forebyggelse af delir i forhold til ældre svagelige patienter > 65 år med hoftefraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Bettan; Rehder, Bente; Pedersen, Niels

    2013-01-01

    Baggrund: Pro-hip er et inter-regionalt projekt www.prohip.eu der blandt andet har til formål at evidensbasere den rehabiliterende sygepleje til hoftepatienten i forhold til indsatsområderne; ernæring, urinretention/UVI, delir og tryksår. Delirium er et hyppigt forekommende problem blandt patienter...... standard. Intentionen er således at udvikle en evidensbaseret standard eller instruks, der har til formål at opspore tidlige symptomer på konfusion og dermed forebygge udviklingen af deliriøs tilstand hos patienten med hoftefraktur. Metode: Der er udarbejdet et systematisk review med henblik på...

  15. Diagrammer hos Pierce og Deleuze

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busk, Malene

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab......Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab...

  16. Peripartum kardiomyopati hos overvaegtig gravid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kielgast, Urd Lynge; Schierbeck, Louise; Dümcke, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare, but life-threatening cardiac disorder which complicates pregnancy. However, the classical symptoms of heart failure can be masked - especially in obese women. Here, we present a case report of PPCM complicated with vitamin-D deficiency in a severely obese...

  17. Imaging of the urinary tract in adults; A direction for general practice. Bildediagnostikk av urinveiene hos voksne; En rettledning for allmenpraksis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aslaksen, A.; Hunskaar, S.; Hoeisaeter, P.Aa. (Haukeland Sykehus, Bergen (Norway))

    1990-11-01

    This article discusses the indications for imaging of the urinary tract from the general practitioners' point of view. Urography should be used in the control of patients with previous attacks of ureteral colic, in patients presenting macroscopic hematuria and as a preoperative investigation prior to extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Ultrasound should be chosen in patients with microscopic hematuria and non-specific abdominal pain. Computerized tomography should be used in cases with non-specific findings using urography and ultrasound. There are no indications for imaging in women with recurrent urinary tract infection, in men with benign prostatic hypertrophy and in the evaluation of hypertension. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

  18. Protocol for the detection and nutritional management of high-output stomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arenas Villafranca, Jose J; López-Rodríguez, Cristobal; Abilés, Jimena; Rivera, Robin; Gándara Adán, Norberto; Utrilla Navarro, Pilar

    2015-05-09

    An issue of recent research interest is excessive stoma output and its relation to electrolyte abnormalities. Some studies have identified this as a precursor of dehydration and renal dysfunction. A prospective study was performed of the complications associated with high-output stomas, to identify their causes, consequences and management. This study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, gastroenterologists, nutritionists and hospital pharmacists. High-output stoma (HOS) was defined as output ≥1500 ml for two consecutive days. The subjects included in the study population, 43 patients with a new permanent or temporary stoma, were classified according to the time of HOS onset as early HOS (patient was followed up until the fourth month after surgery. Early HOS was observed in 7 (16%) of the sample population of 43 hospital patients, and late HOS, in 6 of the 37 (16%) non-early HOS population. By type of stoma, nearly all HOS cases affected ileostomy, rather than colostomy, patients. The patients with early HOS remained in hospital for 18 days post surgery, significantly longer than those with no HOS (12 days). The protocol was applied to the majority of EHOS patients and achieved 100% effectiveness. 50% of readmissions were due to altered electrolyte balance. Hypomagnesaemia was observed in 33% of the late HOS patients. The protocol developed at our hospital for the detection and management of HOS effectively addresses possible long-term complications arising from poor nutritional status and chronic electrolyte alteration.

  19. Besøget hos tandlægen og tandlægeskræk [The visit at the dentist and dental fear

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moore, Rod

    2006-01-01

    English summary: This chapter contributes in simple terms to a better understanding of dental fears and provides among other things the following advice for patients: 1) Ask questions. It saves you and the dentist time in the long run. 2) Make precise deals and make sure you know that the dentist...

  20. Træning har positiv effekt på helbredsrelateret livskvalitet hos kræftpatienter i behandling--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønkvist, Camilla Kjær; Højman, Pernille; Gehl, Julie

    2013-01-01

    Cancer and treatment of cancer affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients. A recent Cochrane review concludes that exercise may have positive effects on HRQoL and several other domains. Other reviews have shown that physical activity may protect against development of cancer a...

  1. Prevalence, management and outcomes of medically complex vulnerable elderly patients with urinary incontinence in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, X; Chuang, C-C; Yang, E; Zou, K H; Araiza, A L; Bhagnani, T

    2015-12-01

    To assess the prevalence, patient-physician communication, treatment and health outcomes associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among the medically complex vulnerable elderly (MCVE) in the United States (US). Data from the 2006 to 2012 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) were used. MCVE patients were aged 65+ years with a HOS VE score ≥ 3. UI was reported as a small, big or no problem. Descriptive statistics were used to assess patient-physician communication and treatment. Multivariable regression analyses were performed to assess the association of small or big UI problems with various outcomes. The annual UI prevalence increased among MCVE [from 35.8% (2006) to 38.6% (2012)]. MCVE with big UI problems communicated with their physicians more often than those with small UI problems (77.9% and 49.6%, respectively); however, treatment of UI remained low (48.5% and 29.1%, respectively). Physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were lower among MCVE with small or big UI problems compared with those with no UI problems, respectively. The decrements in PCS and MCS scores associated with big UI problems were greater than the decrements associated with any of the other assessed conditions. MCVE with small or big UI problems, respectively, were more likely to report past falls, depression and activity daily living limitations vs. those without UI. The odds of having experienced these outcomes were greater for those with big UI vs. small UI problems. Urinary incontinence prevalence in the USA increased among MCVE from 2006 to 2012, although treatment of UI remained low. UI problems, particularly big UI problems, adversely impact health outcomes. Efforts to better identify and manage UI among the MCVE are needed. © 2015 The Authors. International Journal of Clinical Practice Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Avancerad hjärt-lungräddning med mekaniska eller manuella kompressioner : Uppfattningar hos ambulanspersonal om kompetens, övning, patientrisk och överlevnad

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Isabell

    2010-01-01

    Study objectives: Examine ambulance personnel’s perceptions of skills / training and knowledge with regards to the existing mechanical / manual compressions and frequency of training during a work shift. Do ambulance personnel think that mechanical compressions increase survival? Are there concerns that the device could damage the patient? Design: A cross-sectional study, quantitative approach with qualitative elements was conducted. Methods: Questionnaire form, which was answered by 44 amb...

  3. Faktorer som kan påverka upplevelsen av ensamhet hos äldre personer inom kommunal omsorg bosatta i Sverige

    OpenAIRE

    Isaksson, Josefine; Jonsson, Maria

    2009-01-01

    Background: Older people are a major patient group seeking medical care in Sweden. Several of the elderly are living alone and the main reason for living alone is when the spouse passes away. Loneliness is a factor that can affect quality of life, health and wellbeing. Loneliness is an individual experience, loneliness can be self-chosen but involuntary loneliness can lead to lifelong suffering and feelings of loneliness. Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight the factors affecting loneli...

  4. Validity, Reliability And Responsiveness Of Patient-Reported Outcome Questionnaires When Assessing Hip And Groin Disability: A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, Kristian; Roos, Ewa; Bartels, Else Marie

    2010-01-01

    Background Novel treatment interventions are advancing rapidly in the management of hip and groin disability in the physically active young to middle-aged population. Objective To recommend the most suitable patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires for the assessment of hip and groin...... disability based on a systematic review of evidence of validity, reliability and responsiveness of these instruments. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, SportsDiscus and Web of Science were all searched up to January 2009. Two reviewers independently...... osteoarthritis (OA) or total hip replacement (THR). Hip Outcome Score (HOS) is the best available questionnaire for evaluating hip arthroscopy, but the Inguinal Pain Questionnaire, the only identified questionnaire evaluating groin disability, does not contain adequate measurement qualities. Conclusions HOOS...

  5. Självkänsla hos daghemsbarn : En kvalitativ undersökning om hur barnträdgårdslärare bekräftar och stärker barnets självkänsla på daghem

    OpenAIRE

    Fant, Sofia

    2017-01-01

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att ta reda på hur en barnträdgårdslärare kan stärka och bekräfta barnets självkänsla på daghem. Vilken syn och uppfattning finns det om självkänslan på daghem och hur kan man stödja barnen på bästa sätt när det gäller självkänslan? I detta examensarbete har jag genom litteratur tagit fram vad självkänsla är, men även olika definitioner kring självkänslan och hur miljön runt om kan påverka självkänslan hos barnet. I intervjuerna som blev gjorda framkom ...

  6. Sundhedsloven og sundhedsydelser hos udokumenterede migranter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabenhus, Rune Munck; Hallas, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Health-care workers may experience uncertainty regarding legal matters when attending to medical needs of undocumented migrants. This paper applies a pragmatic focus when addressing the legal aspects involved in providing health-care services to undocumented migrants with examples from the Danish...

  7. Demenslidelser hos ældre tyrkiske indvandrere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, B.; Kristensen, M.; Schmidt, J.

    2008-01-01

    need for a nursing home. MATERIAL AND METHODS: With the help of an interpreter, the Turkish population of elderly (> 60 years old) in the municipality of Ishoj was interviewed about educational-, working- and health conditions. In addition to MMSE and semi-structured interviews, the ICD-10 criteria...... were used in diagnosing dementia conditions. RESULTS: We found an increased frequency of dementia conditions (13,3%) compared to the expected prevalence of 7% in the Danish population. Furthermore, we found an increased frequency of diabetes type-2. The use of MMSE as a guideline instrument...... of screening was shown to be applicable only with modifications to persons who were illiterates and without any education, and to those 1st-generation immigrants who were to a limited degree integrated as citizens CONCLUSION: The increased incidence of dementia conditions and diabetes type-2 shows the need...

  8. Topos og trope hos Josefine Klougart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen handler om sted og metafor, topos og trope, i Josefine Klougarts debutroman Stigninger og Fald (2010), med udblik til de to efterfølgende romaner Hallerne (2011) og En af os sover (2012). Det er tesen at de tre romaner har hver deres markante topografi, forstået som strukturen både i de...

  9. Kirurgisk behandling af urininkontinens hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammendrup, A.C.; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Sander, Pia

    2010-01-01

    (TVT) was the preferred sling in 2006. A total of 20 (47%) UI surgeons used only TVT, seven (17%) only transobturator slings (TOS) and 15 (36%) both TVT and TOS. Only 11 (24%) performed > 25 TVT per year and 11 (27%) performed > 25 TOS per year. In all, UI surgeons had experience with ten different...

  10. Naturligt forekommende oseltamivirresistens hos influenza A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Laura; Nielsen, Alex; Lundgren, Jens

    2010-01-01

    in the development of resistance. The best prevention strategy remains vaccination of the general population to avoid immunity. Future antiviral treatment calls for knowledge about resistance to existing types of influenza and the availability of all three types of antiviral medication.......During the last two influenza seasons, one of the predominant influenza A types (H1N1) has developed complete resistance to oseltamivir, the primary treatment option. The virus does, however, remain sensitive to zanamavir and amantadine. There is no unequivocal explanation for this slide...

  11. Eosinofil cystitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvist, K; Cortes, D; Visfeldt, J

    1999-01-01

    Eosinophilic cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the urinary bladder, characterised by irritative voiding symptoms, negative urine cultures, and eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Since 1960 only about 20 cases have been described in the English scientific reports, making it a rat......Eosinophilic cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the urinary bladder, characterised by irritative voiding symptoms, negative urine cultures, and eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Since 1960 only about 20 cases have been described in the English scientific reports, making...... it a rather rare entity. In children the disease appears to be shortlived and self-limited, requiring no specific treatment. We present a case with a 7.5-year-old boy, who experienced spontaneous remission of all symptoms, following an acute attack of eosinophilic cystitis....

  12. Type 2-diabetes hos etniske minoriteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zander, Mette; Hansen, Caroline Raun; Koefoed, Birgitte Gade

    2012-01-01

    In general, type 2 diabetes is more common among immigrants than among the inhabitants with a Western background. The higher prevalence among ethnic minorities is probably due to a complex correlation between genetic factors, diet, exercise, linguistic and cultural obstacles, low birthweight...

  13. Obstetriske komplikationer hos kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Hartwell, Dorthe; Langhoff-Roos, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 5-10% of the women in the reproductive age are afflicted with endometriosis and many become pregnant after fertility treatment. Women with endometriosis seem to have an increased risk of placental complications, bleeding in pregnancy and during labour as well as possible increased...... risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birthweight. Large epidemiological studies are needed to clarify the magnitude of these risks in order to define the appropriate level of proactive management of pregnant women with endometriosis....

  14. Hepatitis B hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Kjær, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection is seen in 400 million persons worldwide. HBV is transmitted vertically or horizontally by infected blood and body fluids. An effective vaccine exists. Most children develop a chronic HBV infection if infected early in life. They are often in an immune......-tolerant phase with no indication for antiviral treatment. Antiviral treatment with interferon or a nucleotide analogue is a possibility if the HBV infected child develops into a phase of immune activation. HBV infection can lead to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma....

  15. PTSD hos ældre efterladte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Connor, Maja

    2009-01-01

    Intro: Tab af ægtefælle i alderdommen kan være en traumatisk begivenhed med reaktioner og symptomer på linje med dem, man nogle gange ser efter overfald, ulykker og naturkatastrofer. Det slår en ny undersøgelse fast. Udgivelsesdato: Maj 2009...

  16. Demens hos personer med Downs syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, Lise Cronberg; Jørgensen, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    In developed countries the population of elderly people with Down syndrome expands resulting in an increasing incidence of age-related diseases, including dementia. The assessment of dementia in individuals with intellectual disability is often complicated due to large intra-individual variability...

  17. Kronisk hoste hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grarup, Pernille Abildgaard; Pedersen, Juri Lindy

    2015-01-01

    Cough in children is a common problem of various aetiologies. In the presence of specific findings diagnostics may be easy, but often the symptoms are few and unclear. Management involves specific diagnosing and it should be considered if the cough is acute, prolonged or chronic. The diagnosis...... depends on the quality of the cough evaluated as dry cough or wet, productive cough. Trials of treatment are often used to make a diagnosis, and any trial should be time-limited because natural resolution of cough is so common. Finally, giving thorough information to parents is crucial....

  18. Spiritualitet som coping hos tibetanske torturoverlevere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsass, Peter; Carlsson, Jessica; Husum, Kristian

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: There is solid documentation for the positive relationship between spirituality and health, but few examples of how this link may be used in projects of rehabilitation after war, civil conflicts and natural disasters. One such example is the Danida funded Tibetan Torture Program...

  19. Demens hos personer med Downs syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, Lise Cronberg; Jørgensen, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    In developed countries the population of elderly people with Down syndrome expands resulting in an increasing incidence of age-related diseases, including dementia. The assessment of dementia in individuals with intellectual disability is often complicated due to large intra-individual variability...... in cognitive functioning prior to dementia and to lack of standardised measures to detect dementia. Structured observations of symptoms of dementia and assessment techniques tailored for people with intellectual disability are increasingly needed....

  20. Stumpe nyretraumer hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørsum-Meyer, Thomas; Rasmussen, Lars; Lund, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Lesion of the kidney is found in 10% of children with a blunt abdominal trauma. Conservative treatment regimens are generally accepted for mild traumatic renal injury. No consensus exists regarding treatment of more severe traumatic renal lesion in children. Strategy for imaging and follow-up has...... also been unclear. Recent studies suggest successful conservative treatment of severe renal injury without complications. We present existing knowledge on treatment and follow-up in children with renal trauma....

  1. Lungeinfektioner er hyppige hos ældre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laut, Kamilla; Benfield, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    There are over 20,000 hospital admissions for pneumonia annually in Denmark. The incidence of pneumonia increases with age, functional impairment and co-morbidity. In fact, 60% of admissions occur among persons 65 years or older. The public health burden is expected to increase because this popul......, smoking cessation, mobilization and oral hygiene....

  2. Naturligt forekommende oseltamivirresistens hos influenza A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Laura; Nielsen, Alex; Lundgren, Jens

    2010-01-01

    During the last two influenza seasons, one of the predominant influenza A types (H1N1) has developed complete resistance to oseltamivir, the primary treatment option. The virus does, however, remain sensitive to zanamavir and amantadine. There is no unequivocal explanation for this slide...... in the development of resistance. The best prevention strategy remains vaccination of the general population to avoid immunity. Future antiviral treatment calls for knowledge about resistance to existing types of influenza and the availability of all three types of antiviral medication....

  3. Konstruktionsforberedelse hos Kværner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik; Radmer, Jim

    1997-01-01

    Konstruktionsforberedelse kan parallelt til produktionsforberedelse opfattes som opbygning af beredskab og "iscenesættelse" før det egentlige konstruktionsarbejde gennemføres. Der eksisterer allerede i praksis mange måder til opnåelse af større konstruktionsforberedelsesgrad. Toyota anvender...

  4. Spiritualitet som coping hos tibetanske torturoverlevere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsass, Peter; Carlsson, Jessica; Husum, Kristian

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: There is solid documentation for the positive relationship between spirituality and health, but few examples of how this link may be used in projects of rehabilitation after war, civil conflicts and natural disasters. One such example is the Danida funded Tibetan Torture Program...... in India. This study aims to provide evidence of the Tibetan torture survivors' degree of traumatisation and their use of spirituality to overcome their difficult situation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study consists of an assessment and a rehabilitation part. A total of 102 Tibetan torture survivors were...

  5. Hepatitis C hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Fischler, Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection has a prevalence of 2-3% worldwide. The vertical transmission rate is approximately 5%. There is no evidence to recommend abstinence from breastfeeding or elective C-section to prevent transmission. In children, the natural history of HCV infection is typically...

  6. Durability of shrink joints; Bestaendighet hos krympskarvar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forsaeus Nilsson, Stefan; Saellberg, Sven-Erik

    2007-07-01

    About one third of all joint failures are caused by shrink seals losing adhesion, according to statistics from the Swedish District Heating Association. The present project was initiated upon request from the Authorisation Board of the Swedish District Heating Association in order to investigate the potential to enhance the quality of shrink joints. The purpose has been to provide a screening of the key properties of the joint systems currently available on the market. The aim has been to facilitate the choice of right materials and constructions to achieve the best functionality and cost effectiveness. The project has comprised a compilation of the views from industry representatives from manufacturers of shrink and sealing materials, pipe producers, joint contractors and district heating companies, and an experimental study where a number of joints were evaluated with respect to tightness and strength. The following joint systems took part in the investigation: Logstor SX; Canusa SuperCase; Raychem RayJoint; Powerpipe DTK with external seal Nitto NeoCover 1150 in one end and Raychem TPSM in the other; Logstor B2S med external seal Canusa KLD in one end and Raychem TPSM in the other. The joints were installed on pipes of diameters 160 mm and 450 mm. The installation was done under cold and dirty conditions, to simulate a field like worst-case scenario. After the installation, the joints were tested with respect to tightness. Peel strength and shear strength were evaluated before and after thermal ageing in +50 deg C for 70 days. Mechanical tests and ageing followed standardised procedure in EN 12068. A study of the shrink force relaxation in crosslinked and non-crosslinked polyethylene shrink sleeves was undertaken, by shrinking them onto aluminium cylinders and storing them in room temperature for about 2000 hours. The results show that it is clearly possible to install excellent shrink joints also under difficult conditions. In addition, thermal ageing does not automatically lead to any dramatic changes in material properties. Of the tested variants, all but one was completely tight and the mechanical strength levels were in line with what the manufacturers state in their data sheets for most of the joints. The measured shrink forces show that relaxation is not a big problem. The material in the joint sleeve will continue to strive towards it non-expanded state of equilibrium, and for the non-crosslinked samples, this actually resulted in an increase in shrink force over time. Since the materials and constructions do work, one may indirectly conclude that the problems are mainly caused by the installation, which, in turn, is likely to a large extent a consequence of difficult working conditions and demanding installation procedures. According to experience, the sealing materials are decisive for the ease of installation. From the fitter's point of view, the sealing material should be soft (more forgiving) and fibre reinforced (easier to handle) and it should come in wide strips (easier to apply). When it comes to sleeves, the shrinking work is faster with crosslinked material (PEX). An important observation is also that sleeves with built-in sealant and/or adhesive are harder to keep clean at the work site. Hence, the most important thing is that the installation is done in a proper manner and that appropriate conditions for the fitter to achieve this is provided at the work site. It is hard to single out the best or the worst joint system, but some recommendations may be given: Remember to depressurise the joint during shrinking to avoid unnecessary pressure loads on the seal. Use a sleeve of crosslinked polyethylene if a fast installation is important. If non-crosslinked sleeves are used, choose a double expanded variant. Use a sealing material with easy handling and forgiving characteristics, e.g., the type used for Nitto NeoCover or Raychem TPSM. If extra strength is needed, use a stronger sealant, such as, e.g., a mastic/hotmelt mix such as that used in Canusa KLD. Please note, though, that high strength does not automatically imply good tightness

  7. Hepatitis B hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Kjær, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection is seen in 400 million persons worldwide. HBV is transmitted vertically or horizontally by infected blood and body fluids. An effective vaccine exists. Most children develop a chronic HBV infection if infected early in life. They are often in an immune-tolerant......Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection is seen in 400 million persons worldwide. HBV is transmitted vertically or horizontally by infected blood and body fluids. An effective vaccine exists. Most children develop a chronic HBV infection if infected early in life. They are often in an immune...

  8. Problemer med primakin-recidivprofylakse hos malariapatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønn, A M; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1993-01-01

    -resistant malaria have been observed. The side effects of primaquine are mainly gastrointestinal. Primaquine may also cause serious toxic side effects, including methaemoglobin formation and haemolytic anaemia, especially in individuals with erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency. We...

  9. Nekrotiserende fasciitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Gjessing; Kristensen, Kim

    2009-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious condition with infection of the muscular fascia causing rapidly spreading necrosis. NF rarely affects children, and we here report two paediatric cases of NF. The first developed NF after a joint puncture, the other after surgical extirpation of a lymph node...

  10. Odontogent myksom i maksillen hos et barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsson, Lina Isabella; Jakobsen, John; Thygesen, Torben H

    2014-01-01

    exclusively in the maxilla. Orbital involvement is very rare, and to our knowledge reconstruction with a Medpore sheet has not previously been reported. At post-operative follow-up normal eye function and an excellent cosmetic result was observed. OM should be considered in a midfacial mass....

  11. Laryngeal sarkoidose hos 13-årig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlow, Louise Buchreitz; Rasmussen, Niels

    2010-01-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown pathogenesis. It can affect numerous organs but most commonly involves the respiratory tract. On rare occasions it only involves the larynx. We describe a case of isolated laryngeal sarcoidosis in a teenage girl with symptoms of hoarseness......, snoring and dyspnoea. The diagnosis was supported by detection of granulomatous inflammation in a laryngeal biopsy. She was successfully treated by surgical excision of the granulomatous swellings of the arytenoids and epiglottis combined with inhaled corticosteroids....

  12. Traumatiske reaksjoner hos tolker i offentlig sektor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Feistritzer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to see how traumatic reactions may influence public service interpreters in their interpreting performance. It looks at relevant research results and refers to reflective reports and written examinations about secondary traumatic stress and other psychological reactions written by interpreters that attended a one-semester study programme in public service interpreting at Telemark University College in 2004. The article is divided into three parts starting with a definition of the key concept used to describe traumatic reactions that may arise when meeting traumatised people. Thereafter it briefly presents neurophysiologic research results that show a relation between emotional reactions and the interpreting process. Part two describes the content of the above mentioned one semester programme in interpreting that included the topic of interpreting in emotional challenging situations and part three connects the students’ reflections to the key concepts around traumatic reactions and analyses how this topic may be integrated in interpreting studies.

  13. Lungeinfektioner er hyppige hos ældre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laut, Kamilla; Benfield, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    There are over 20,000 hospital admissions for pneumonia annually in Denmark. The incidence of pneumonia increases with age, functional impairment and co-morbidity. In fact, 60% of admissions occur among persons 65 years or older. The public health burden is expected to increase because...

  14. Ulnarisneuropati hos fjerkræslagteriarbejder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Susanne Wulff; Juhl, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Three months after he was employed as a poultry worker, a 48-year-old man developed involuntary jerks of his right first, fourth, and fifth fingers, paraesthesiae, weakness, and eventually wasting of the first dorsal interosseous muscle. His job entailed repetitive lifting of boxes weighing 10-25...

  15. Diffus lungesygdom hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchvald, Frederik; Nielsen, Kim G

    2014-01-01

    Diffuse lung disease in children represents a heterogeneous group of respiratory disorders with high morbidity and mortality. Typical features include tachypnoea, failure to thrive, diffuse radiological and histopathological abnormalities. Advances in genetics and pathophysiology, combined...

  16. Obstetriske komplikationer hos kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Hartwell, Dorthe; Langhoff-Roos, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 5-10% of the women in the reproductive age are afflicted with endometriosis and many become pregnant after fertility treatment. Women with endometriosis seem to have an increased risk of placental complications, bleeding in pregnancy and during labour as well as possible increased r...... risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birthweight. Large epidemiological studies are needed to clarify the magnitude of these risks in order to define the appropriate level of proactive management of pregnant women with endometriosis....

  17. Bæredygtighed hos SMV'er

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Valg af materiale/medie/form: YouTube Valg af arbejdsform: Videoerne kan bruges som caseundervisning Begrundelse for valg af materiale/medie/form/arbejdsform: Caseundervisning er velegnet til at lære om praksis...

  18. Kirurgisk behandling af urininkontinens hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammendrup, A.C.; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Sander, Pia

    2010-01-01

    . MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgeons performing UI procedures were identified and mailed a questionnaire in 2007 concerning 2006. Questions included specialisation, number of procedures, type of surgery, complications and attitude towards learning surgery and maintaining a sufficient level of routine. RESULTS...... slings. This study did not allow for a quantitative assessment of complications. The attitude was that 10-25 operations are needed to learn the procedure, and that > 10 operations per year are needed to maintain a sufficient level of routine. CONCLUSION: Practice and attitudes among urinary incontinence......INTRODUCTION: During the last decade, minimal invasive procedures have been introduced for treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women leading to shorter hospitalisation and fewer complications. The aim of this study was to outline clinical practice and attitudes among Danish UI surgeons...

  19. Naturligt forekommende oseltamivirresistens hos influenza A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Laura; Nielsen, Alex; Lundgren, Jens

    2010-01-01

    During the last two influenza seasons, one of the predominant influenza A types (H1N1) has developed complete resistance to oseltamivir, the primary treatment option. The virus does, however, remain sensitive to zanamavir and amantadine. There is no unequivocal explanation for this slide...

  20. Propofolinfusionssyndromet hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Tom G

    2005-01-01

    Propofol infusion syndrome, characterised by cardiovascular collapse, metabolic acidosis, hepatomegaly, renal failure and rhabdomyolysis, is a rare and often fatal syndrome seen in critically ill children undergoing long-term propofol sedation. Propofol may impair mitochondrial free fatty acid...

  1. Utopi og rejse hos Jens Baggesen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandberg, A.

    2007-01-01

    En analyse af, hvordan det kosmopolitiske oplysningsideal ændrer sig fra Jens Baggesens dansksprogede rejseskildring Labyrinten til hans tysksprogede epos Oceania i lyset af den begyndende nationalisme. Udgivelsesdato: Jahrgang 28......En analyse af, hvordan det kosmopolitiske oplysningsideal ændrer sig fra Jens Baggesens dansksprogede rejseskildring Labyrinten til hans tysksprogede epos Oceania i lyset af den begyndende nationalisme. Udgivelsesdato: Jahrgang 28...

  2. Botulisme hos spaedbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Thomas; Mølbak, Kåre; Paerregaard, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Infant botulism is a rare disease that affects infants below the age of 12 months following absorption of neurotoxins produced by ingested Clostridium botulinum spores. The clinical manifestations are caused by symmetrical cranial nerve palsies followed by descending, symmetric flaccid paralysis...

  3. Kliniske retningslinjer for træning af aerob kapacitet og muskelstyrke til patienter med reumatoid artrit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Birgit Tine; Læssøe, Uffe; Kjær, Thomas

    Baggrund: Patienter med reumatoid artrit har en forhøjet risiko for udviklingen af cardio-vaskulære lidelser (CVD) ogtidlig død. Inflammation, smerter og generel træthed resulterer i nedsat muskelstyrke og lavt fysiskfunktions- og aktivitetsniveau hos mange af disse patienter, hvilket yderligere...... forstærker denne risiko. Formål: Gennem effektiv og sikker træning at øge RA patienters aerob kapacitet og muskel styrke for dermed atlette patienternes daglige aktiviteter. Patienter: Voksne patienter (> 18 år) med diagnosen reumatoid artrit ifølge ARA eller ACR/EULAR kriterierne,funktionsklasserne I, II og...... reumatoid artrit. Kortvarig landbaseret højintensitets træning af aerob kapacitet og muskelstyrke bør overvejes itræningen af patienter med reumatoid artrit. Længerevarende landbaseret højintensitets træning af aerob kapacitet og muskelstyrke bør overvejes itræningen af patienter med reumatoid artrit...

  4. Risk factors for chronic renal failure in Ivory coast: A prospective study of 280 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ackoundou-N′Guessan K

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic renal failure (CRF represents the major cause of mortality in the nephro-logy unit in Ivory Coast because the means for appropriate management are lacking. The present study was performed to investigate the risk factors for CRF so that strategies for prevention could be elaborated. A case-control study was performed prospectively at the Yopougon Teaching Hos-pital in Abidjan from January 2006 to December 2006. Factors known to cause CRF were investigated in patients and controls. Their prevalence rates were compared with the general population. A total of 280 patients and 113 controls were recruited. The mean age of the patients was 37.88 ± 13.33 years and that of the controls was 41.5 ± 9.72 years. Both genders were equally represented. The main causes of CRF were chronic glomerulonephritis (47.48%, with HIV infec-tion accounting for 15% of them, and essential hypertension (HTA (25%. Essential HTA repre-sented the only factor which, if untreated, inevitably leads to CRF. Thus, our study indicates that HTA is a major public health concern. All efforts should be implemented to reduce the high prevalence of HTA and the deleterious effect of this disorder in Ivory Coast.

  5. Physical Activity Patterns in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sari, Sengül; Bilberg, Randi Marie; Nielsen, Anette Søgaard

    2017-01-01

    Tværsnitsundersøgelsen beskriver de deltagende alkoholpatienters fysiske aktivitetsniveau ved behandlingsstart. Med denne undersøgelse havde vi til formål at opnå viden om sundhedsadfærden hos behandlingssøgende mennesker med et alkoholmisbrug. Hertil blev det internationale spørgeskema om fysisk...

  6. Changes in the structural and biochemical composition of the arterial wall in type 2 diabetes patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam Preil, Simone

    nedbrydningen. Flere studier har vist, at rygning påvirker den arterielle stivhed, mens andre studier peger mod, at cystein proteasen calpian-1 øger mængden af matrix metalloproteinasen 2 (MMP-2), som nedbryder bl.a. elastin. Vores hypotese i studie III gik både ud på, at calpain-1 kunne være forøget hos...... patienter med type 2 diabetes, hvorved den vil føre til forøget kollagen indhold, forøget MMP-2 og reduceret elastin i arterierne, og at rygning kunne have en indvirkning på mængden af disse molekyler. Niveauet af MMP-2, calpain-1 og actin α smooth muscle blev målt ved hjælp af western blotting i mammaria...... ikke påvirkede mængden af calpain-1, MMP-2, desmosine og hydroxyproline i den human arterie væg, mens mængden af desmosine var nedsat i arterier fra ryger og tidligere rygere sammenlignet med ikke rygere. Et andet protein der ligeledes er involveret i den strukturelle sammensætning af arterievæggen er...

  7. Depressive Symptoms and Risk of New Cardiovascular Events or Death in Patients with Myocardial Infarction: A Population-Based Longitudinal Study Examining Health Behaviors and Health Care Interventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karen Kjær; Christensen, Bo; Søndergaard, Jens

    2013-01-01

    .14–2.05) for a new cardiovascular event, 3.10 (95% CI, 2.04–4.71) for death and 1.77 (95% CI, 1.36–2.31) for a composite event. The associations were attenuated when adjusted for disease severity, comorbid conditions and physical inactivity; HR = 1.17 (95% CI, 0.85–1.61) for a new cardiovascular event, HR = 2.01 (95...... bruges til at skærpe opmærksomheden over for denne patientgruppe hos de praktiserende læger, hvor op mod 90 % af alle patienter med depression bliver diagnosticeret og behandlet. Background: Depressive symptoms is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI......), but the underlying mechanisms are unclear and it remains unknown whether subgroups of patients are at a particularly high relative risk of adverse outcomes. We examined the risk of new cardiovascular events and/or death in patients with depressive symptoms following first-time MI taking into account other secondary...

  8. OCD og orofaciale dyskinesier forårsaget af sjælden basalganglielidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmgreen, Søren Bruno; Danielsen, Erik Hvid

    2014-01-01

    Bevægeforstyrrelser hos psykiatriske patienter skyldes sædvanligvis ekstrapyramidale bivirkninger til antipsykotisk medicin. Her beskrives en sjælden årsag til orofaciale dyskinesier, tungedystoni og koreiforme bevægelser hos en 31-årig mand i behandling for obsessiv-kompulsiv lidelse (OCD)....

  9. Impact of physician assistants on the outcomes of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia receiving chemotherapy in an academic medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glotzbecker, Brett E; Yolin-Raley, Deborah S; DeAngelo, Daniel J; Stone, Richard M; Soiffer, Robert J; Alyea, Edwin P

    2013-09-01

    Inpatient academic medical center care historically has been delivered by faculty physicians in conjunction with physicians in training (house officers [HOs]). Alternative staffing models have emerged secondary to American Counsel for Graduate Medical Education work-hour restrictions. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) care provided by a physician assistant (PA) service compared with a traditional model. Data were retrospectively collected on patients admitted with AML for reinduction chemotherapy from 2008 to 2012. Primary outcome measures were inpatient mortality and length of stay (LOS). Secondary measures included readmissions, intensive care unit (ICU) transfers, consults requested, and radiologic studies ordered. Ninety-five patients with AML were reviewed. Forty-seven patients (49.5%) were admitted to the HO service, and 48 patients (50.5%) were admitted to the PA service. Demographic data were similar between services. LOS was significantly different between the services, with a mean of 36.8 days with the HO model compared with 30.9 days with the PA service (P=.03). The 14-day readmission rate also differed significantly; it was 10.6% (five of 47 patients) and zero for the HO and PA models, respectively (P=.03). The mean number of consults with the HO model was 2.11 (range, zero to five) versus 1.47 (range, zero to four) with the PA service (P=.03). Mortality and ICU transfers were not significantly different. The data demonstrate equivalent mortality and ICU transfers, with a decrease in LOS, readmission rates, and consults for patients cared for in the PA service. This suggests that the PA service is associated with increased operational efficiency and decreased health service use without compromising health care outcomes.

  10. Evaluation of Retention in Methadone Treatment in Patients Attending Baharan Hospital Clinic in Zahedan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.D. Mohebi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objectives: Substance abuse and opioid dependency refers to hazardous use of psychoactive substance .Prevention and treatment of opiate dependence has not been success-ful. Most effective drug in agonist treatment of opiates is methadone maintenance therapy (MMT.But the lack of cooperation of addicts in methadone maintenance therapy has always been a big problem to continue. The purpose of this study is to investigate the retention in the MMT. Materials & Methods: This historical cohort study analyzed the medical records of patients of Baharan hospital in Zahedan. All 912 cases of methadone maintenance clinic of Baharan hos-pital in Zahedan 2011-2012 were studied and the data were analyzed using SPSS. Tables and indexes were analyzed by the Chi-square test and survival curves were plotted using Kaplan–Meier method and analyzed by Log-Rank test. Results: This study reviewed records from 912 patients with a mean age of 34.67% and stan-dard deviation of 10.88 and the range of 15-86 years. 735 were male and 177 ware female. 1-moth retention rate was 71%, 3 months was 59%, 6 months was 47%, 1 year was 30% and 2 years was 17%. Kaplan-Meier median survival time of 8 months was estimated by relation-ship. Doses higher than 60 mg/d of methadone was associated with increased survival on MMT. Conclusion: Age increase, increase of employment time, increasing of the duration of drug abuse, increasing the daily dose of methadone, oral substance abuse increased retention rate and heroin abuse and smoking were associated with decrease retention rate of methadone maintenance therapy. So, with an emphasis on each of these factors effective steps can be taken to improve the cooperation of patients in MMT. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015; 22 (1:30-36

  11. A genetic Assay of Three Patients in the Same Family with Holt-Oram Syndrome; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ebrahimzadeh-Vesal

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS is a developmental disorder inherited in an autosomal-dominant pattern. Affected organs are the heart and forelimbs with upper extremity skeletal defects and congenital heart malformation. In this study we present three cases of HOS in the same family. In one of these three individuals we detected a transition of C to T (CTG-GTT, V205V in exon 7 of the TBX5 gene. This nucleotide change causes no amino acid change and potential pathologic effects remain unknown.

  12. Comparison Thoracic Epidural and Intercostal Block to Improve Ventilation Parameters and Reduce Pain in Patients with Multiple Rib Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheleh Aligholipour Maleki

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chest wall blunt trauma causes multiple rib fractures and will often be associated with significant pain and may compromise ventilator mechanics. Analgesia has great roll in rib fracture therapies, opioid are useful, but when used as sole agent may re-quire such high dose that they produce respiratory depression, especially in el-derly .the best analgesia for a severe chest wall injury is a continuous epidural infusion of local anesthetic. This provides complete analgesia allowing inspiration and coughing without of the risk of respiratory depression. Methods: sixty adult patients who with multiple rib fractures were enrolled in this study. They were divided into Group A or thoracic epidural with bupivacaine 0.125 % +1mg/5ml morphine and group B or inter-costal block with %0.25 bupivacaine. The patients were assessed through ICU and hos-pital stay length, ventilation function tests. Pain score among the patients was meas-ured with verbal rating scale, before and after administration of the analgesia. Results: We found a significant improvement in ventilatory function tests during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after epidural analgesia compared with the intercostal block (P < 0.004. Changes in the visual Analogue Scale were associated with marked improvement re-garding pain at rest and pain caused by coughing and deep breathing in group A com-pared group B... ICU and hospital stay markedly reduced in Group A. Conclusion: tho-racic epidural analgesia is superior to intercostals block regarding pain relief of rib frac-tures. Patients who received epidural analgesia had significantly lower pain scores at all studied times.

  13. A practical approach to the management of high-output stoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mountford, Christopher G; Manas, Derek M; Thompson, Nicholas P

    2014-01-01

    The development of a high-output stoma (HOS) is associated with water, electrolyte and nutritional complications. Prompt, careful assessment and management is required to avoid rapid clinical deterioration in this patient population. A multidisciplinary approach to management ensures the best possible outcome and quality of life for patients who experience HOS. This article outlines the important considerations in the identification and pathophysiology of HOS. A systematic approach to the management of the condition is outlined, considering fluid and electrolyte requirements, nutrient deficiencies and manipulation of gastrointestinal absorption, motility and secretions using medical and surgical therapies. PMID:28839771

  14. Kontinuerlig glukosemonitorering kan have betydning hos gravide med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Bjerrum; Secher, Anna L; Damm, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this review the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in pregnancy complicated by type 1 and type 2 diabetes is examined. Fourteen relevant articles were identified. Observational studies demonstrated that CGM was feasible during pregnancy without severe side effects. One randomised contr...

  15. Insekticidresistens hos væggelus i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilpinen, Ole; Jensen, Karl-Martin Vagn; Kristensen, Michael

    Væggelus indsamlet på 20 forskellige lokaliteter i Danmark blev testet for resistens mod pyrethroider og organophosfater, de to grupper af insektgifte der er tilladt til bekæmpelse af væggelus i Danmark. Der blev fundet udbredt resistens mod de syntetiske pyrethroider, permethrin og deltamethrin...

  16. Infektionsrisikoen hos internationale adoptivbørn er reel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Tine Marie; Poulsen, Anja; Pedersen, Freddy Karup

    2013-01-01

    -27% have gastrointestinal parasites and 1-7% have tuberculosis, but 3-21% have a positive Mantoux test. The studies found none with HIV or HCV and only a few with syphilis. The vaccination status was often deficient and the serology results did not match the vaccination records. All studies conclude...

  17. Flibanserin som farmakologisk behandling af nedsat lyst hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eldon, Anne Sofie; Giraldi, Annamaria

    2017-01-01

    Flibanserin was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA in August 2015 as the first drug for the treatment of American women with the dysfunction hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and is a 5-HT1A agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist. The neurophysiological effects of flibanserin...... on these receptors are consistent with the clinical effects, i.e. significantly increasing sexual desire and frequency of satisfying sexual experiences. As such, shifting the balance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters of importance to sexual desire, flibanserin pharmacologically broaches a possible...... new approach to the treatment of HSDD....

  18. Fotodynamisk behandling af kolangiokarcinom hos 80-årig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulstrup, Thomas; Pedersen, Finn Møller

    2013-01-01

    70% of cholangiocarcinomas (CC) are perihilar lesions. At the time of diagnosis few are candidates for complete resection, and the standard palliative therapy has been biliary stenting. Studies have shown that photodynamic therapy (PDT) improves survival time. In this case report we describe an 80...

  19. Syntaksens rolle i sprogtilegnelsen hos autistiske børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyvad, Anne Mette

    2017-01-01

    I litteraturen om de sproglige karakteristika i autisme-spektrum-forstyrrelser (ASF) har man traditionelt fokuseret på afvigelser i forbindelse med pragmatiske aspekter af kommunikation. Den nyeste forskning tyder dog på, at selv højfunktionelle voksne autister uden konstateret sprogforsinkelse har...

  20. Brugen af personas hos danske virksomheder - 2012/13

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene; Nielsen, Kira Storgaard

    2013-01-01

    designprocesser. Beskrivelserne er skabt på baggrund af data indsamlet om slutbrugerne. En samling af personas, som regel mellem 2 og 6 beskrivelser, vil i denne rapport benævnes et personasæt. Når personabeskrivelserne indgår i designprocessen bruges de til at få ideer til og beskrive, hvordan brugerne vil......Denne rapport er skrevet på baggrund af et projekt initieret og finansieret af InfinIT – Innovationsnetværket for IT. Formålet med projektet er at undersøge hvorledes personas i dag etableres, kommunikeres, anvendes og vedligeholdes i forskellige typer af virksomheder samt etablere et opdateret sæt...... af anbefalinger for deres anvendelse. Virksomheders erfaringer med personas vil blive adresseret fra to forskellige vinkler:. Fokus vil bl.a. være på hvordan personas udvikles og vedligeholdes, om og hvordan de bruges, og hvad de bruges til. Personas er beskrivelser af fiktive brugere og bruges i...

  1. HIV hos ældre kvinder efter udlandsrejse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Sanne; Thorsteinsson, Kristina; David, Kim Peter

    2016-01-01

    We report two cases of HIV infection among female travellers of older age. A Danish woman in her eighties was diagnosed with acute HIV infection after travelling to West Africa. A sexual history was not recorded before her third hospital visit. A West African woman in her seventies who had been...... living in Denmark for 40 years was diagnosed with advanced HIV after having been to West Africa for family visits. We want to emphasize that women of older age also have sex that may put them at risk of HIV, that febrile returning travellers should be tested for HIV, and that presence of HIV indicator...... diseases should lead to HIV testing....

  2. Multipel graviditet hos kvinder med korrigeret Steno-Fallots tetralogi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lia Mendes; Pedersen, Thais Andreas Bjerregaard; Herskind, Anne Maria

    2008-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic heart disease accounting for 5 to 8% of all cases of congenital heart disease. In a cohort of women with corrected Tetralogy of Fallot, followed concerning fertility and pregnancy outcome, we observed two cases of uncomplicated multiple pregnancies...

  3. Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feilberg, Casper

    psykoanalysen (Bion) og kritisk teori (Habermas, Negt). Der peges på, at studerende i psykologi står over for en dobbelt udfordring. De skal både have en sans for de praktiske fænomener ’bag’ teorien og metoden ved at trække på egen livsverden, OG de skal lære at undersøge sagen via relevant teori, empiri og...

  4. Hjertetamponade hos et praematurt barn med perkutant anlagt centralt venekateter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Callesen, Michael T; Nielsen, Peter Ehlert

    2008-01-01

    We report a case of a premature girl born with a gestational age of 26 weeks who developed cardiac tamponade after displacement of a peripheral inserted central catheter. She recovered completely after an acutely performed pericardiocentesis. The pericardial fluid was consistent with parental...... nutrition. Pericardiac effusion must be suspected in children with central catheters and sudden cardiovascular decompensation. This article discusses recommended positioning of peripherally inserted central catheters....

  5. Stresshyperglykaemi hos et barn med svaer akut gastroenteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.

    2002-01-01

    A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state and that as a phy......A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state...... and that as a physiological response to stress during acute illness. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Nov-18...

  6. Hjertetamponade hos et praematurt barn med perkutant anlagt centralt venekateter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Callesen, Michael T; Nielsen, Peter Ehlert

    2008-01-01

    We report a case of a premature girl born with a gestational age of 26 weeks who developed cardiac tamponade after displacement of a peripheral inserted central catheter. She recovered completely after an acutely performed pericardiocentesis. The pericardial fluid was consistent with parental...

  7. Persisterende pulmonal hypertension hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Hansen, T G; Henneberg, S W

    1997-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation and extracorpo......On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation...

  8. Traethedsbrud af collum femoris hos rask maratonløber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Christensen, Ole; Lukina, Guy Feruzi

    2009-01-01

    Fatigue fractures of the hip are rare causes of hip pain. Delayed diagnostics of this type of fracture can cause serious complications. We describe a case concerning a 32-year-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general...

  9. Sygdom hos asylansøgere opdages for sent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiset, Andreas Halgreen; Wejse, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Der er behov for bedre indsigt i, hvilke sygdomme den enkelte asylansøger kæmper med, og der er behov for at få klarhed over, hvilke helbredsrisici der introduceres i løbet af asylprocessen. Hvis vi ikke sikrer dette, bryder vi med princippet om at tilstræbe forebyggelse og tidlig behandling....

  10. Matglede hos barn : effekter av et læringsprogram

    OpenAIRE

    Myhrer, Kristine Svartebekk

    2013-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Bakgrunnen for denne studien var Nasjonalt råd for ernærings nye kostholdsråd for den norske befolkningen. I rådene er det anbefalt å begrense inntaket av rødt kjøtt, bearbeidet kjøtt, salt, sukker og mettet fett for å forebygge kroniske kostrelaterte sykdommer i befolkningen, slik som diabetes og overvekt. For å påvirke barns valg av mat mot et sunnere kosthold er det behov for å forstå faktorer som kan påvirke barnas valg og aksept av matvarer Formålet med masteroppgaven e...

  11. Venøse tromboser hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tuckuviene, Ruta; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Helgestad, Jon

    2008-01-01

    Venous thromboembolism is a rare condition in children, but the incidence appears to be increasing. Newborns and teenagers are at the highest risk of thrombosis, which is often triggered by a combination of risk factors, in particular: infection, central venous line or chemotherapy. The impact...

  12. Forekomst af Chlamydia trachomatis hos værnepligtige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, P; Møller, B R; Thorsen, Poul

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of the investigation was 1) to determine the prevalence of C. trachomatis among young men and women enrolled in military service, 2) to compare enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) of a urethral swab with a sample of first voided morning urine, 3) to determine frequency of earlier venereal diseases...... (VD) and actual symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis. EIA positive specimens were confirmed by immunofluorescent microscopy. The investigation comprised 831 men and 80 women (17-26 years). The prevalence was 5.7% (95% confidence limits 4.2-7.4%) and 15% (8-25%) for men and women, respectively (p ....005, chi 2). The agreement between the results of the urethral swab and the urine sample was low. Sensitivity and positive predictive value for urethral swab was better than for urine. The handling of urine specimens was more laborious and confirmation more difficult. The percentage of actual symptoms...

  13. Nyre- og urinvejsabnormiteter hos småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, D; Lee, K; Thorup, J M

    1999-01-01

    abnormalities after presentry with their first urinary tract infection. The obstructive urological diagnoses: congenital hydronephrosis, congenital megaureter and posterior urethral valves made up to 57% (20/35) of the abnormalities. Nine boys were operated upon; three for unilateral hydronephrosis, two...... for posterior urethral valves, one for unilateral megaureter and three for phimosis. Two girls were treated with oestrogen for labial fusion. Urological abnormalities which were treated were found among the ultrasonographically diagnosed abnormalities, apart from phimosis and labial fusion. The frequency...

  14. Trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura hos barn med lavt ADAMTS13 enzymniveau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Katrine Bredsdorff; Clasen-Linde, Erik; Poulsen, Anja

    2014-01-01

    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare condition, but important to consider in case of thrombocytopenia and haemolysis. It is imperative to proceed with the correct treatment, in order to ensure a satisfactory outcome. TTP is either acquired or idiopathic. This case report shows...

  15. Water retention properties of ashes; Vattenretentionsegenskaper hos aska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemstroem, Kristian; Ezziyani, Samir; Bendz, David

    2009-05-15

    The water holding properties of a material can be described with a water retention curve (also called pF curve or characteristic curve). The importance of this material property has until now been neglected in waste and rest products contexts. There is an eminent need for knowledge of the water holding properties of ash and rest products in order to improve the possibility to perform i) assessment of leaching from rest product used in constructions, ii) dimensioning of covers built with rest products and iii) assessment of long term properties of land fill waste concerning leaching, especially for stabilized ash with a monolithic characteristics. The aim of this project was to increase the knowledge of the water holding properties of ashes by determining water retention curves with laboratory methods on four ash materials with the potential to be used in constructions. In the project, four ashes has been studied; one MSWI bottom ash from SYSAV, one aged MSWI bottom ash from Gaerstadverket and two fly ashes from incineration of biofuels; one from SCA Ortviken and one from Jaemtkraft AB. For comparison, data from a silt soil studied in another SGI project is presented. When determining a water retention curve for a specific material water from the examined, beforehand water saturated, sample is eliminated under controlled circumstances in a pressure plate extractor. The sample is exposed to a pressure, with increasing degree, squeezing excess water out of the material. The excess water is measured for each increased pressure step and the remaining volumetric water content in the material can be calculated. The results from such measurements are presented in water retention curves, in which the volumetric water content is plotted as a function of the capillary pressure. The water retention curves shows how various materials differ in water content at the same pressure. The results from the study showed that ashes have great water holding capacity. The study also showed that particle size distribution is an inadequate indicator of what water holding properties that can be expected from bottom ashes; the studied MSWI bottom ashes' water holding properties were much greater than natural materials with comparable particle size distribution. This is probably due to the fact that the ash particles have a porous structure, and a special composition, which is of great importance for the water holding properties. The water retention properties of ashes could be determined with a pressure plate extractor in a satisfactory way. In order to improve the determination of the water holding properties of bottom ashes it would be of importance to develop the test procedure further in order to make it possible to test particle fractions larger than 2 mm, which was the upper limit in the test procedure used in this study

  16. Biofilter odour reduction level, measurements; Luktreduceringsgrad hos biofilter, faeltmaetningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arrhenius, Karine; Rosell, Lars; Tsetsilas, Sakis (SP, Boraas (Sweden)); Loevenklev, Maria; Blomqvist, Marie; Hall, Gunnar; Sverken, Anna; Widen, Helene (SIK, Goeteborg (Sweden)); Holmgren, Magnus Andreas (Vattenfall Power Consultants (Sweden))

    2010-07-01

    Biofilter is today the most common odour reduction method for biological treatment. A biofilter consists of a bed of organic material often made of compost together with another material which increases the porosity of the bed. Microorganisms in the compost use odorous compounds as nutrient by decomposing them. Resulting products are mainly carbon dioxide and water, mineral salts, other organic compounds and more microorganisms. In this project, seven biofilters implemented in Sweden have been tested in order to describe their status and function. A number of physical, chemical, microbiological and odour related parameters have be measured in the pipe which leads to the biofilter as well as on the surface of the biofilter in order to determine biofilters status and their effectiveness. Values from plants have been compared to published optimal values for each parameter. The goal of the project is to optimize biofilters function och prevent risks for performance disturbances. Results from the project can also be used as reference for plants which are planning process modifications as an increase of waste to be treated, substrate/material changes etc. Each plant has been visited during two days in August/September 2009. The following parameters have been measured: 1) physical parameters such as relative humidity, temperature, and pH, 2) chemical parameters such as incoming and out coming gas composition, gas composition variation with time, access to nutriments, 3) microbiological parameters such as the total number of microorganisms and the dominating microflora i respective biofilter and 4) odour related parameters through an evaluation of the contribution of individual compounds to the total out coming odour and in some cases, through a evaluation by olfactometry. All these parameters have been subsequently interpreted and treated in order to evaluate the status of the biofilter: description of the biofilter, its environment, the microbiological status, which flow and load are passing through the biofilter and its effectiveness. The results show that it is common that important parameters are outside the range of recommended values. As an example, it has been found that parts of the biofilters can be either too wet or too dry. The water content of the biofilter is known to be one of the most critical parameter to insure its correct function. In some cases, the pH was found to be very acidic which negatively influences micro organism's activity and consequently biofilters efficiency. At optimal pH, the microflora is dominated by bacteria while the growth of mould dominates at low pH. An expected lower effectiveness was found when important parameters are deviating from recommended values. At the opposite, when parameters were found to be within the recommended range of values, the efficiency was found to be higher. The project general recommendations are that all plants should introduce new routines to regularly survey the biofilters status and function. Example of routines is presented in the end of this rapport. For the plants where parameters presented high discrepancies from recommended values, the project group recommends to carry out a new evaluation when the deviating parameters have been corrected

  17. Toksisk shock syndrom. Et tilfoelde hos et barn med forbroending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glazowski, M J; Ostergaard, G Z; Arpi, M

    1992-01-01

    A case of the toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in a burnt (scalded) child is presented. TSS is a condition most frequently associated with menstruating women using tampons. In recent years, however, increased knowledge of the syndrome has led to an increase in the number of reported cases associated...

  18. Emosjonsregulering og motivasjon hos barn med AD/HD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høvik, Marie Farstad; Plessen, Kerstin J

    2010-01-01

    Impaired cognitive control functions have long been regarded as the main problem in the development of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A more recent model emphasizes the importance of emotional and motivational problems. We have reviewed the evidence for this model, which may have...... important implications for clinical practice....

  19. Omdannelse af sukker og andre kulhydrater til fedt hos mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quistorff, Bjørn; Grunnet, Niels

    2003-01-01

    The basic biochemistry of de novo lipogenesis and the current understanding of fat formation from carbohydrates in humans are reviewed. The suggestion is made that ingestion of carbohydrates in excess of the caloric needs necessarily results in de novo lipogenesis since the glycogen stores...

  20. Musikterapi til reduktion af agitation hos personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Stige, Brynjulf

    2015-01-01

    . The concept agitation is used professionally to define and measure disturbing behaviours in people with severe dementia. The causes are multiple and include factors in the psychosocial environment, which suggests that treatment should be holistic and interdisciplinary and not limited to symptom management...... regarding the single individual. A relevant method in an integrated and holistic approach is professional music therapy combined with other staffs’ use of music in daily dementia care....

  1. Cirkulatorisk kollaps hos bodybuilder i forbindelse med anaestesi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Toke; Afshari, Arash; Nielsen, Jeppe Sylvest

    2010-01-01

    The use of anabolic steroids is a growing problem in Denmark. The effects and side effects caused by anabolic steroids in relation to anaesthesia are poorly described. This article describes a case of circulatory collapse in a young bodybuilder during anaesthesia. The primary cause of the collapse...

  2. Medicinsk behandling af osteoporose hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Vestergaard, Peter

    2015-01-01

    One in five men over the age of 50 years will suffer an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime, and men who sustain fractures have an increased mortality risk compared to women. Three bisphosphonates (alendronate, risedronate and zolendronic acid), denosumab, strontium ranelate and teriparat...... and teriparatide are currently approved in Denmark for the treatment of osteoporosis in men. This review summarizes the available therapeutic options....

  3. Persisterende pulmonal hypertension hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Hansen, T G; Henneberg, S W

    1997-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation...... and extracorporal membrane oxygenation. Particular emphasis is placed on the treatment of the condition with inhaled nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a selective pulmonary vasodilator and able to improve ventilation/ perfusion mismatching in cases where there is an affection of the pulmonary parenchyma. Data from...

  4. Medicinsk behandling af osteoporose hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Vestergaard, Peter

    2016-01-01

    One in five men over the age of 50 years will suffer an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime, and men who sustain fractures have an increased mortality risk compared to women. Three bisphosphonates (alendronate, risedronate and zolendronic acid), denosumab, strontium ranelate and teriparat...

  5. Medicinsk behandling af osteoporose hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Vestergaard, Peter

    2015-01-01

    One in five men over the age of 50 years will suffer an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime, and men who sustain fractures have an increased mortality risk compared to women. Three bisphosphonates (alendronate, risedronate and zolendronic acid), denosumab, strontium ranelate and teriparat...

  6. Primaer cerebral vaskulitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradsgaard, Dan Østergaard; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Østergaard, John Rosendahl

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Primary cerebral vasculitis in children is a newly recognized, rare inflammatory condition affecting the vessels of the brain. It is characterized by newly acquired neurological deficit(s) with angiographic or histological evidence of central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis......, in the absence of other known diseases with these findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of children below 15 years submitted with CNS vasculitis to the department between 1999 and 2008. RESULTS: Six (two boys, four girls) of ten children with clinical and vascular imaging findings...... detected by magnetic resonance were diagnosed with primary CNS vasculitis. Age at onset was three to 12 years. Acutely acquired hemiparesis was seen in five children, two had facial palsy. Among other symptoms were headache, ataxia, dysarthria, loss of consciousness and seizures. Only modest changes...

  7. Formativ feedback styrker skriftlighed hos studerende fra It og Sundhed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Årosin Laursen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikel præsenterer vi erfaringerne fra et projekt, der har til formål at styrke de studerendes danske, akademiske skrivefærdigheder på uddannelsen It og Sundhed på Københavns Universitet. Projektet bygger på antagelserne, at faglighed og formidlingskompetencer er tæt forbundet, og at sproglig bevidsthed inden for fagets kontekst er et fælles ansvar mellem underviser og studerende. Projektet er knyttet til bachelorkurset i Epidemiologiske metoder, og det er udviklet i samarbejde mellem kursuslederen og en sprogkonsulent i løbet af forårssemestrene 2014 og 2015. Gennem skriftlige afleveringer og formativ feedback på disse har de studerende haft mulighed for at arbejde med deres skriftlige formidling som forberedelse til den skriftlige eksamen i kurset og som styrkelse af deres akademiske skrivefærdigheder generelt. I artiklen beskriver vi baggrunden for projektet og erfaringerne med at udvikle og gennemføre det. Derudover diskuterer vi projektets udbytte samt udfordringerne med at sætte eksplicit fokus på fagets sproglige aspekt. På baggrund af de studerendes eva-luering og eksamensresultater konkluderer vi, at projektet har medvirket til at styrke deres akademiske skriftlighed. In this article, we report on experiences gained from a project designed to improve the Danish academic writing skills of students enrolled on the programme It & Health at the University of Copenhagen. Based on the assumptions that university disciplines and communicative competence are inextricably linked and that language awareness is a joint responsibility between teacher and students, the project focused explicitly on language use on the BSc course Introduction to Epidemiology. Through receiving formative feedback on written assignments, the students got the chance to reflect and work on their writing. This process acted both as preparation for their written exam and a way to improve their academic writing skills in general. The course coordinator worked with a language consultant to develop and refine the project during the spring semesters of 2014 and 2015. In this article, we describe the background to the initiative as well as the experiences of those involved. The learning outcomes are discussed, along with the challenges involved in integrating an explicit focus on language and feedback into students’ disciplinary writing. From the students’ evaluations and their exam results, we conclude that the project had a positive impact on improving the students’ academic writing skills.

  8. Pragmatisk kompetanse hos barn med leppe-, kjeve-, og/ eller ganespalte

    OpenAIRE

    Vederhus, Ole-Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Denne tverrsnittstudiens hensikt er å kartlegge den pragmatiske kompetansen og de generelle kommunikasjonsferdighetene til barn med leppe-kjeve- og/ eller ganespalte. Barna (n = 17) i alderen 5:2-6:8 år ble kartlagt ved hjelp av The Children`s Communication Checklist 2 (D. V. M. Bishop, 2003), sammenlignet med sjekklistens normeringsgruppe og signifikanstestet på tvers av spaltetypene: isolert ganespalte (n = 7), leppe-, kjevespalte (n = 2) og leppe-, kjeve-, ganespalte (...

  9. Medicinsk behandling af vandladningsproblemer hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Thorup; Nordling, Jørgen; Walter, Steen

    2007-01-01

    Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) e.g. in prostatic infravesical obstruction and symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) in men can be treated effectively with drugs. The current evidence for use of alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, combination therapy and antimuscari...... by the administration of a loop-diuretic in the late afternoon. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-May-14...

  10. Testosteronsubstitutionsbehandling af hypogonadisme hos mænd med prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglesang Jensen, Christian S.; Fode, Mikkel; Østergren, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Hypogonadism and prostate cancer (PCa) often coincide with increasing age. Recent reviews have found no evidence to suggest an increased risk of developing PCa with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). The same lack of PCa risk is found in studies looking at men receiving TRT after radical...

  11. Pancreastraumer hos børn - operativ versus nonoperativ behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaard, Michael Valentin; Penninga, Luit; Ifaoui, Inge Bøtker-Rasmussen

    2012-01-01

    Pancreatic trauma is more frequent in children than in adults and is often caused by trauma to the upper part of the abdomen. Mortality is low, but morbidity is high. Pancreatic trauma can be treated operatively or non-operatively, but there is disagreement about the optimal treatment strategy...

  12. Improved reliability of residential heat pumps; Foerbaettrad driftsaekerhet hos villavaermepumpar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haglund Stignor, Caroline; Larsson, Kristin; Jensen, Sara; Larsson, Johan; Berg, Johan; Lidbom, Peter; Rolfsman, Lennart

    2012-07-01

    Today, heat pump heating systems are common in Swedish single-family houses. Many owners are pleased with their installation, but statistics show that a certain number of heat pumps break every year, resulting in high costs for both insurance companies and owners. On behalf of Laensfoersaekringars Forskningsfond, SP Energy Technology has studied the cause of the most common failures for residential heat pumps. The objective of the study was to suggest what measures to be taken to reduce the number of failures, i.e. improving the reliability of heat pumps. The methods used were analysis of public failure statistics and sales statistics and interviews with heat pump manufacturers, installers, service representatives and assessors at Laensfoersaekringar. In addition, heat pump manuals have been examined and literature searches for various methods for durability tests have been performed. Based on the outcome from the interviews the most common failures were categorized by if they; 1. Could have been prevented by better operation and maintenance of the heat pump. 2. Caused by a poorly performed installation. 3. Could have been prevented if certain parameters had been measured, recorded and followed up. 4. Are due to poor quality of components or systems. However, the results show that many of the common failures fall into several different categories and therefore, different types of measures must be taken to improve the operational reliability of residential heat pumps. The interviews tell that failures often are caused by poor installation, neglected maintenance and surveillance, and poor quality of standard components or that components are used outside their declared operating range. The quality of the installations could be improved by increasing installers' knowledge about heat pumps and by requiring that an installation protocol shall be filled-in. It is also important that the owner of the heat pump performs the preventive maintenance recommended by the manufacturer and that he/she surveys parameters indicating if satisfying operating conditions are maintained. Another example that could improve the reliability is that the heat pump system is regularly checked by a professional heat pump service technician. Components with sometimes poor quality can for example be temperature sensors, valves and circulations pumps. Compressor failures are often due to the fact that the heat pump of some reason, operates too much outside or close to the usage limits for the compressor and are not necessarily due to poor quality of the component itself.

  13. Traumatisk distal humerus-epifysiolyse hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Nielsen, Keld Daubjerg

    2010-01-01

    Traumatic distal humerus epiphysiolysis (TDHE) is a rare injury in infants with an incidence of about 1:35,000 births. It is primarily a birth injury, but it is also seen in cases of battered child syndrome. Because of its rare occurrence and the diagnostic difficulties, the lesion may be overloo......Traumatic distal humerus epiphysiolysis (TDHE) is a rare injury in infants with an incidence of about 1:35,000 births. It is primarily a birth injury, but it is also seen in cases of battered child syndrome. Because of its rare occurrence and the diagnostic difficulties, the lesion may...

  14. Nydiagnosticeret kongenit transposition hos en 76-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Astrid Drivsholm; Jensen, Jesper Khedri; Hald Steffensen, Flemming

    2009-01-01

    A case of congenitally corrected transposition presenting for the first time with second-degree AV block in a 76-year-old woman is presented. This case demonstrates that congenitally corrected transposition can remain asymptomatic and undiagnosed, especially when no other cardiac defects are pres...

  15. TV-mediet lever - også hos de unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    TV-mediet er ikke under afvikling, men snarere under udvikling med digtitalt tv og nye medieplatforme som mobiltelefonen og nettet. TV og opfattelsen heraf er dog ikke bundet til en bestemt skærm, en medieforbrugeren udvælger medieplatformen efter en bestemt kommunikationssituation, hvor...

  16. Laktatacidose hos en yngre kvinde med status asthmaticus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramazan-Yousif, Lana; Albertsen, Signe; Bergmann, Troels K

    2017-01-01

    A 24-year-old woman with asthma presented with symptoms of upper airway infection and tachypnoea and wheezes. She had a history of admissions to intensive care units (ICU) due to respiratory insufficiency. The initial lactate concentration was 2.1 mmol/l. The treatment consisted of inhaled...

  17. Eksperimentel bakteriofagterapi til behandling af kronisk Pseudomonas aeruginosaotitis hos hund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moodley, Arshnee; Mølgaard, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    Vi beskriver en case med anvendelsen af bakteriofager til behandling af kronisk otitis forårsaget af multiresistente Pseudomonas aeruginosa som en sidste behandlingsmulighed før aflivning. Trods gentagne behandlinger, både topikalt og systemisk, med op til seks forskellige antibiotika over en...

  18. Læringsmodstand hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broström, Stig

    2017-01-01

    I dette kapitel beskrives dimensioner ved børns læring og med særligt fokus på Illeris’ begreb læringsmodstand. Det tages udgangspunkt i den kulturhistoriske skoles læringsteori med reference til bl.a. Vygotsky og Leontjev. Børn i såvel dagtilbud som skolen vil løbende vise modstand mod læring. D...

  19. Kirurgisk behandling af fedme hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ann Berit; Gögenur, Ismail; Støckel, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Morbid obesity in teenagers has become an increasing problem. Conventional diet has not yet shown effective long-term weight loss. Alternatively, bariatric surgery on adolescents has resulted in substantial weight loss, recovery from diabetes, improvement of cardiovascular risk factors...... and improvement in psychosocial status. Still, surgery performed on adolescents provides ethical challenges such as the unknown long-term prognosis after surgery. Despite these challenges, in cases of severe intractable obesity or development of life-threatening complications due to obesity, surgery should...

  20. Persisterende pulmonal hypertension hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Hansen, T G; Henneberg, Steen Winther

    1997-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. In this article the authors focus on the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment, including mechanical ventilation, pharmacological vasodilation...

  1. Body image hos mastektomiopererede kvinder, med og uden rekonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Charlotte Brun; Gregersen, Anette Møller; Damgaard, Helle

    2012-01-01

    Baggrund: I Danmark er incidensen for brystkræft ca. 5.000 årligt. Kvinder, der er mastektomiopereret, risikerer ubalance i body image. De kan føle sig amputeret, lemlæstede, mindre kvindelige og mindre seksuelt attraktive. De kan frygte at se sig selv i spejlet. De kan opleve, at kroppen ikke er...... hel. Mange undersøgelser er kvantitative og kun få har undersøgt kvindernes oplevelse af body image kvalitativt. Formål: At opnå indsigt i danske mastektomiopererede kvinders oplevelse af body image, med fokus på den akutte fase samt år efter operationen, hvor beslutningen om valg eller fravalg af...... rekonstruktion var taget. Metode: Undersøgelsen var fænomenologisk hermeneutisk, idet hensigten var at opnå indsigt i kvinders oplevelser af body image relateret til mastektomi. Fund: Undersøgelsen resulterede i tre temaer, der følger Bob Price begreber. Kropsrealiteten viste sig som ”en krop, der ikke var hel...

  2. Field cancerization i ansigtet hos en ung kvindelig svejser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Rasmus Nygård; Sørensen, Jens Ahm

    2015-01-01

    developed multiple squamous cell carcinomas located exclusively on the right side of her face. During welding she had experienced numerous facial burns limited to the right side. This marked anatomical relationship between exposure and illness supports a causal association between welding and skin cancer.......Welding generates ultraviolet radiation and has been suggested to cause skin cancer. However, it remains questionable whether welding is in fact causally associated with the development of skin cancer. We report on a 44-year-old female with ten years occupational experience as a welder, who...

  3. Kontinuerlig glukosemonitorering kan have betydning hos gravide med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Bjerrum; Secher, Anna L; Damm, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this review the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in pregnancy complicated by type 1 and type 2 diabetes is examined. Fourteen relevant articles were identified. Observational studies demonstrated that CGM was feasible during pregnancy without severe side effects. One randomised contr...... controlled trial resulted in improved metabolic control and reduced risk of macrosomia in women randomised to CGM. Future studies on the use of CGM in pregnancy are awaited with interest....

  4. Pancreastraumer hos børn--operativ versus nonoperativ behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaard, Michael Valentin; Penninga, Luit; Ifaoui, Inge Bøtker-Rasmussen

    2012-01-01

    Pancreatic trauma is more frequent in children than in adults and is often caused by trauma to the upper part of the abdomen. Mortality is low, but morbidity is high. Pancreatic trauma can be treated operatively or non-operatively, but there is disagreement about the optimal treatment strategy...

  5. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1) A ...

  6. Clearcellekarcinom i livmoderhalsen hos en 17-årig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønneberg, Elisabeth Thal; Lidang, Marianne; Palle, Connie

    2014-01-01

    Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (CCEA) is a rare disease, accounting for only 1% of all cervical cancers. The disease in young women is linked to diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure in utero. Following the ban of DES in 1979, CCEA rarely occurs in young women, but still remains...... a challenge in diagnosis and fertility preservation. We report on a 17-year-old girl, unexposed to DES, diagnosed with clear cell adenocarcinoma in a cervical polyp....

  7. Laktat i navlearterie- og navleveneblod hos nyfødte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubak, Sune Leisgaard Mørck; Henriksen, Tine Brink

    2010-01-01

    in an unselected population of newborn children without signs of foetal hypoxia or perinatal asphyxia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 208 newborn children. The umbilical cord of the children was double clamped within 30 seconds and thereafter blood was drawn from an umbilical arterial and venous cord...... in arterial umbilical cord blood was higher than in venous umbilical cord blood; furthermore, that O2 and pH in arterial umbilical cord blood were lower than in venous umbilical cord blood. Regression analysis including the factors lactate and "active second stage of labour" showed that lactate significantly...... increased the longer the "active second stage of labour" lasted. CONCLUSION: A reference interval for lactate in arterial and venous umbilical cord blood should be related to the length of "active second stage of labour". This study demonstrates lactate values in arterial and venous umbilical cord blood...

  8. Kognitive og emotionelle forandringer hos klienter i metadonvedligeholdelsesbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagesen, Niels Skovby

    2004-01-01

    functions: 1) Concerning cognitive functions, the apparent negative effect of methadone is restricted to short time memory, and 2) apparently methadone have negative effects on emotional functioning in the areas of empathy and attachment, and a positive effect in the areas of depression and anxiety. At last......  There has for some time been diverse opinions concerning the effect of methadone on the cognitive and emotional functions in man. The present work attempts a critical overview of the existing research in this area, drawing some conclusions regarding the effect of methadone on the affected...

  9. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved P-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...... the first year of usage. VTE risk increases with EE dose and progestin of 3rd and 4th generation. There are several difficulties in studying COC use in teenagers: high dropout rates, ethical considerations and many different COC formulas....

  10. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...... the first year of usage. VTE risk increases with EE dose and progestin of 3rd and 4th generation. There are several difficulties in studying COC use in teenagers: high dropout rates, ethical considerations and many different COC formulas....

  11. SWAY Bæredygtighed hos SMV'er

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Valg af materiale/medie/form: SWAY der indeholder forskelligt materiale Valg af arbejdsform: Kan anvendes som et element i undervisning eller indlæg Begrundelse for valg af materiale/medie/form/arbejdsform: Forskelligt materiale kan samlet heri og det kan tilgås af alle via linket...

  12. Hjerneslag hos unge. Risikofaktorer, etiologi og lokalisasjon. En retrospektiv studie.

    OpenAIRE

    Hoff, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    Background and purpose: In this retrospective study, we sought to investigate the distribution of risk factors, etiology, localization and etiologic classification of cerebral infarctions in young adults aged 15-49, to find if there were any tendency towards association between these, and especially to find if there was an association between localization and other factors. Methods: Data about age, gender, lab, diagnostic tests, and other investigations were viewed retrospectively and ab...

  13. Infektionsrisikoen hos internationale adoptivbørn er reel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Tine Marie; Poulsen, Anja; Pedersen, Freddy Karup

    2013-01-01

    Each year approximately 400 internationally adopted children (IAC) come to Denmark from countries with high prevalences of infectious diseases. Former studies of IAC have shown that approximately 1% of the IAC are infected with Hepatitis A, 3-6% with Hepatitis B, mostly asymptomatic infections. 8......-27% have gastrointestinal parasites and 1-7% have tuberculosis, but 3-21% have a positive Mantoux test. The studies found none with HIV or HCV and only a few with syphilis. The vaccination status was often deficient and the serology results did not match the vaccination records. All studies conclude...

  14. H1N1 Influenza A hos mennesker og svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Den nye pandemiske influenza A stamme H1N1 er hovedsagelig et nyt virus, som spredes mellem mennesker, men virusset er formodentlig opstået ved blanding af to svineinfluenza-virus og har derfor bibeholdt evnen til at kunne smitte fra mennesker til svin og fra svin til svin. Det er derfor vigtigt...

  15. Miltabsces hos en 28-årig, tidligere rask mand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Nina Marie Birk; Lynggard, Charlotte Duch; Kronborg, Gitte

    2011-01-01

    signs of infection and a computer tomography of the abdomen revealed an 11 cm abscess in the spleen. Non-haemolytic streptococci were found after aspiration. Initially the abscess was treated with antibiotics and ultrasound-guided drainage. Due to lack of curative effect of drainage splenectomy...

  16. Case01: BIM hos mindre arkitektrådgiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Casen beskriver et IKT-koncept, hvor en hovedrådgiver, en mindre arkitektvirksomhed specialiseret i renovering og ombygning af mindre boligprojekter, anvender en modelbaseret arbejdsmetode i tre hovedleverancer for tegnestuen: et dispositionsplanforslag, et forprojekt/myndighedsprojekt og et ho-v...

  17. Hvordan dannes en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feilberg, Casper

    2015-01-01

    Hvad er målet med en universitetsuddannelse, og mere specifikt, hvad er målet med og kvalitet i et cand.psych.-studieforløb? Dette spørgsmål tager en ph.d.-afhandling fra Institut for Psykologi og Uddannelsesforskning (RUC) fat på, og den er dermed et bidrag til den aktuelle debat inden for profe...

  18. Det udstødtes poesi hos Sara Stridsberg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2014-01-01

    Det synes at være et gennemgående projekt i Sara Stridsbergs forfatterskab at genoprejse en række upopulære, eller i hvert fald tvivlsomme og angribelige, kvindeskikkelser – hvad enten vi taler om historiske personer eller fiktive karakterer: Sally Bauer, Valerie Solanas, Medea, Lolita. Artiklen...

  19. Fysisk og mental belastning hos kirurgen under minimalt invasiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Petersen, H.R.; Rosenberg, J.

    2008-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is in theory more physically and mentally demanding than open surgery. This aspect is due to the inherent limits of MIS. The implementation of high-technological operating rooms and the development of ergonomically more useful instruments have not been documented...... scientifically, nor has the question of whether or not MIS is a contributing problem in itself in the surgeon's work been documented. There is a need for clinical investigations with establishment of methodological models of the ergonomics in MIS Udgivelsesdato: 2008/2/18...

  20. Systematic review of cross-cultural adaptations of hip-specific patient-reported outcome measures in Spanish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Valero, Sara; García-Pérez, Fernando; Flórez-García, Mariano Tomás; Miangolarra-Page, Juan Carlos

    2017-03-16

    The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the quality of the transcultural adaptation procedure and the clinimetric properties of the self-administered hip-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted for the Spanish population. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Web of Science databases (from inception until June 2016) to locate all the scales adapted to Spanish and to analyze the different phases of the adaptation process and its psychometric properties. Eight scales were identified, and were grouped into three sections, according to the type of diseases in which they can be used: a) lower limb: Lower Limb Functional Index (LLFI), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) and Arthrosis of Membres Inférieurs et Qualité de vie (AMICAL); b) knee and/or hip: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index, Osteoarthritis Knee and Hip Quality of Life (OAKHQOL) and Hip and Knee Questionnaire (HKQ); and c) specific for hip: Hip Outcome Score (HOS) and International Hip Outcome Tool-33 (iHOT-33). The transcultural adaptation procedure was satisfactory in all cases, albeit somewhat less rigorous for the HKQ and LLFI than for the remaining questionnaires. No study evaluated all the psychometric properties. We currently have 8 hip-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted to Spanish with satisfactory psychometric properties. We can measure the patient's perceived impact of his or her hip disease by selecting, among the different options, those alternatives that best fit our clinical or research objectives. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  1. Minimal Clinically Important Difference of Patient Reported Outcome Measures of Lower Extremity Injuries in Orthopedics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Derya; Çoban, Özge; Kılıçoğlu, Önder

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: MCID scores for outcome measures are frequently used evidence-based guides to gage meaningful changes. To conduct a systematic review of the quality and content of the the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) relating to 16 patient-rated outcome measures (PROM) used in lower extremity. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review on articles reporting MCID in lower extremity outcome measures and orthopedics from January 1, 1980, to May 10, 2016. We evaluated MCID of the 16 patient reported outcome measures (PROM) which were Harris Hip Score (HHS), Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Hip Outcome Score (HOS), Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), The International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC), The Lysholm Scale, The Western Ontario Meniscal Evaluation Tool (WOMET), The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Quality of Life Questionnaire (ACL-QOL), The Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), The Western Ontario and Mcmaster Universities Index (WOMAC), Knee İnjury And Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale, The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment Patellar Tendinosis (Jumper’s Knee) (VİSA-P), Tegner Activity Rating Scale, Marx Activity Rating Scale, Foot And Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), The Foot Function Index (FFI), Foot And Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM), The Foot And Ankle Disability Index Score and Sports Module, Achill Tendon Total Rupture Score(ATRS), The Victorian İnstitute Of Sports Assesment Achilles Questionnaire(VİSA-A), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS). A search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, PEDro and Cochrane Cen¬tral Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science databases from the date of inception to May 1, 2016 was conducted. The terms “minimal clinically important difference,” “minimal clinically important change”, “minimal clinically important improvement” “were combined with one of the PROM as mentioned above

  2. Patient satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhanu Prakash

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Patient satisfaction is an important and commonly used indicator for measuring the quality in health care. Patient satisfaction affects clinical outcomes, patient retention, and medical malpractice claims. It affects the timely, efficient, and patient-centered delivery of quality health care. Patient satisfaction is thus a proxy but a very effective indicator to measure the success of doctors and hospitals. This article discusses as to how to ensure patient satisfaction in dermatological practice.

  3. Patient satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Bhanu

    2010-09-01

    Patient satisfaction is an important and commonly used indicator for measuring the quality in health care. Patient satisfaction affects clinical outcomes, patient retention, and medical malpractice claims. It affects the timely, efficient, and patient-centered delivery of quality health care. Patient satisfaction is thus a proxy but a very effective indicator to measure the success of doctors and hospitals. This article discusses as to how to ensure patient satisfaction in dermatological practice.

  4. Patient opinion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zurita, Laura; Nøhr, Christian

    2004-01-01

    The paper is based upon a case study and aims to provide information abouit patients values and communication that will be useful in the design of more patient friendly health system.......The paper is based upon a case study and aims to provide information abouit patients values and communication that will be useful in the design of more patient friendly health system....

  5. Patient safety

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The casual observer may think that the topic of this article refers to the security available to minimise personal violence and theft, sadly speaking of a local bias. However, it refers to measures and systems that have to be put in place to minimise medical error and patient harm. The patient safety movement is now 13 years.

  6. Patient management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guptill, Lynn

    2015-03-01

    Hospital-associated infections, including those caused by zoonotic agents, represent an increasing concern in veterinary practice. Veterinarians and hospital staff are obligated and expected to provide education about and protection from transmission of pathogens among animal patients and between animal patients and human beings (eg, veterinary staff, volunteers, owners) who come into contact with infected animals. Patient management involves assessing risks of pathogen transmission, identification of animals either suspected of or proved to be infected with a transmissible infectious disease agent, and the implementation of measures that minimize the likelihood of transmission of the infectious agent. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Patient empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Nanna Bjerg; Joergensen, Clara Ruebner; Thomsen, Thora Grothe

    2017-01-01

    Background There is an increased attention to and demand for patient empowerment in cancer treatment and follow-up programmes. Patient empowerment has been defined as feeling in control of or having mastery in relation to cancer and cancer care. This calls for properly developed questionnaires...... assessing empowerment from the user perspective. The aim of this review was to identify questionnaires and sub-scales measuring empowerment and manifestations of empowerment among cancer patients. Materials and methods We conducted a systematic search of the PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases....... Empowerment and multiple search terms associated with empowerment were included. We included peer-reviewed articles published in English, which described questionnaires measuring empowerment or manifestations of empowerment in a cancer setting. In addition, the questionnaire had to be a patient...

  8. chemotherapy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Augustyniuk

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background . Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM practices for cancer have become popular among oncology patients. An increasing interest in alternative medicine can be explained by the inefficiency of conventional treatment, dissatisfaction with treating patients like objects, and the will to use all available treatment methods. Objectives . The authors assessed how often patients use CAM methods, and which of them are most popular. Material and methods . The study was conducted in Military Hospital no. 109 and the Independent Public Clinical Hospital no. 1 in Szczecin among 100 chemotherapy patients. This survey-based study was performed using an original questionnaire. Results. Most respondents (68% did not use alternative methods to fight the disease. The most popular treatment methods were: herbal medicine (50%, alternative medicine preparations (38% and diet (25%, and the least common: hypnosis (3% and aromatherapy (3%. Analyzed sociodemographic factors had no effects on a choice of a CAM method. Patients obtained information about CAM methods mainly from the Internet (40%, medical staff (37% and literature (31%. Conclusions . 1. Using CAM by patients receiving chemotherapy for neoplasms is quite a common phenomenon. 2. CAM were more often chosen by women. Neither the duration of the disease nor sociodemographic data had effects on making the decision to use CAM methods. 3. The most popular CAM were: herbal medicine, alternative medicine preparations, and diet. 4. Cancer patients should receive special support from nurses and doctors as well as other members of the therapeutic team. Oncology patients should never be left on their own so that they were forced to seek help and support in therapies unconfirmed by scientific investigation.

  9. [Patients' rights].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bert, Giorgio; Morello, Enrico; Quadrino, Silvana

    2018-02-01

    Forty years have passed since the publication of the "Patients' Rights Charter" (included in a separate section at the end of the work: "Patients' rights: a critical guide to understanding and usage of civil hospital facilities"), but it still remains remarkably topical. We here provide an analysis of the original Charter (1975) taking into consideration the changes that have occurred in sensitivity to gender, cultural as well as socioeconomic differences, the right to body privacy and to continuity of care, the key role of general practitioners, the reciprocal relations in the information and decision-making processes with shared diagnostic and therapeutic pathways and active patient participation, which mandates that adequate education in communication and care strategies be provided to all caregivers.

  10. Overvejelser over systematikkriterier på dyr hos videnskabsmanden al-Djâhiz (776-868): Formeringsmåder hos fugle og krybdyr.

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Saad, Meyssa; Katouzian-Safadi, Mehrnaz; Provencal, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Al-Djâhiz (776-868) var en arabisk sproget naturhistoriker og litterat, som levede i Iraq i det 9. århundrede. Han skrev et zoologisk værk, som er baseret på Aristoteles' zoologi men i hvilket han også indføjer sine egne observationer og overvejelser. I denne artikel bliver hans overvejelser over formering som kriterium for en inddeling af dyrene diskuteret.

  11. Betydelsen av taktil massage i omvårdnaden av dementa patienter- En systematisk litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Wetterström, Marina; Swan, Emelie

    2008-01-01

    Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att se vilka effekter taktil massage ger hos personer med demens. Sökning av artiklar har gjorts på databaserna CINAHL, ELIN@Dalarna och PubMed där sökorden dementia, massage, nursing, older people, Therapeutic touch och touch användes i olika kombinationer. Litteraturstudien består av kvantitativa och kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarna skulle vara vetenskapliga och inte publicerade före 1995, de skulle även svara på syfte och frågeställning. F...

  12. Patient Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... anything to deserve this. Find ways to increase relaxation. Patients often report that their tinnitus is less burdensome when they are relaxed. Find the activities and behaviors that best help you relax: exercise, yoga, meditation, soothing music, anything that helps you be calm and content. ...

  13. Radioactive patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mountford, P.J.; Coakley, A.J. (Kent and Canterbury Hospital (UK))

    1989-06-10

    A brief article considers the risks to others from patients who have been given radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons. Greater risks come from giving {sup 131}I therapeutically than {sup 99}Tc diagnostically. The interpretation of the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1985 for clinical applications is also briefly discussed. (UK).

  14. diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehraban Falahati

    2016-09-01

    candiduria and female gender, high FBS and urine glucose, uncontrolled diabetes (HbA1c ≥8, and acidic urine pH (P<0.05. Conclusion: Considering the high incidence rate of candiduria in diabetic patients, control of diabetes, predisposing factors, and causal relationships between diabetes and candiduria should be highlighted.

  15. Case report - curved femoral osteotomy for management of medial patellar luxation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allpass, Maja; Miles, James Edward

    2015-01-01

    Medial patellaluxation kan forårsages af femoral varus hos hund. Førhen har patienter med excessiv femoralvarus været korrigeret ved en lateralt placeret femoral kile-ostektomi. Her præsenteres en case, hvor en buet osteotomi blev anvendt til behandling af medial patellaluxation.......Medial patellaluxation kan forårsages af femoral varus hos hund. Førhen har patienter med excessiv femoralvarus været korrigeret ved en lateralt placeret femoral kile-ostektomi. Her præsenteres en case, hvor en buet osteotomi blev anvendt til behandling af medial patellaluxation....

  16. cal lymphadenopathy among HIV-infected

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use and accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in diagnosing of cervical lymphadenopathy among HIV-infected patients is not well studied ... Methods: We consecutively recruited adult HIV-infected patients with cervical lymphadenopathy admitted to Mulago Hos- ..... of these bloody stained aspirates, later turned out to.

  17. intravenous infusion of chlorimipramine (anafranil)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the ECT and chlorimipramine groups patients'were paired for sequential analysis according to sex, age (within 5 years) and, wherever possible, severity of symptoms. Data were scored as indicated in Table 1. The two psychiatric inpatient units at Johannesburg Hos- pital together handle about 1000 patients annually.

  18. Patients' views on electronic patient information leaflets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammar, Tora; Nilsson, Anna-Lena; Hovstadius, Bo

    2016-01-01

    Information in society and in health care is currently undergoing a transition from paper to digital formats, and the main source of information will probably be electronic in the future. To explore patients' use and perceptions of the patient information leaflet included in the medication package, and their attitude towards a transition to an electronic version. The data was collected during October to November 2014 among individuals in South-Eastern Sweden, using a questionnaire (n=406, response rate 78%) and interviews (n=15). The questionnaire showed that the majority of the respondents (52%) occasionally read the patient information leaflet, 37% always read it, and 11% never read it. Almost half of the patients (41%) were positive towards reading the patient information leaflet electronically while 32% were hesitant and 26% neutral. A majority of the patients would request to get the patient information leaflet printed at the pharmacy if it was not included in the package. There were differences in attitude related to age and gender. The interviews showed that patients had mixed views on a transition to an electronic patient information leaflet. The patients perceived several positive aspects with an electronic patient information leaflet but were concerned about elderly patients. Although many were positive towards reading the patient information leaflet electronically, the majority prefer the patient information leaflet in paper form. Providing appropriate and useful eHealth services for patients to access the patient information leaflet electronically, along with education, could prepare patients for a transition to electronic patient information leaflet.

  19. Acute care patients discuss the patient role in patient safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathert, Cheryl; Huddleston, Nicole; Pak, Youngju

    2011-01-01

    Patient safety has been a highly researched topic in health care since the year 2000. One strategy for improving patient safety has been to encourage patients to take an active role in their safety during their health care experiences. However, little research has shed light on how patients view their roles. This study attempted to address this deficit by inductively exploring the results of a qualitative study in which patients reported their ideas about what they believe their roles should be. Patients with an overnight stay in the previous 90 days at one of three hospitals were surveyed using a mailing methodology. Of 1,040 respondents, 491 provided an open-ended response regarding what they believe the patient role should be. Qualitative analysis found several prominent themes. The largest proportion of responses (23%) suggested that patients should follow instructions given by care providers. Other prominent themes were that patients should ask questions and become informed about their conditions and treatments, and many implied that they should expect competent care. Our results suggest that patients believe they should be able to trust that they are being provided competent care, as opposed to assuming a leadership role in their safety. Our results suggest that engaging patients in safety efforts may be complex, requiring a variety of strategies. Managers must provide environments conducive to staff and patient interactions to support patients in this effort. Different types of patients may require different engagement strategies.

  20. Communicating with patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to be able to assess patient needs and communicate clearly. The success of patient education depends largely ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 14. Falvo DR. Communicating effectively in patient teaching: enhancing patient adherence. In: ...

  1. Patients' preferences for patient-centered communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lau, Sofie Rosenlund; Christensen, Søren Troels; Andreasen T., Jesper

    2013-01-01

    To investigate patients' preferences for patient-centered communication (PCC) in the encounter with healthcare professionals in an outpatient department in rural Sierra Leone.......To investigate patients' preferences for patient-centered communication (PCC) in the encounter with healthcare professionals in an outpatient department in rural Sierra Leone....

  2. Signal transduction and downregulation of C-MET in HGF stimulated low and highly metastatic human osteosarcoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husmann, Knut, E-mail: khusmann@research.balgrist.ch [Laboratory for Orthopedic Research, Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Ducommun, Pascal [Laboratory for Orthopedic Research, Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Division of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Sabile, Adam A.; Pedersen, Else-Marie; Born, Walter; Fuchs, Bruno [Laboratory for Orthopedic Research, Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2015-09-04

    The poor outcome of osteosarcoma (OS), particularly in patients with metastatic disease and a five-year survival rate of only 20%, asks for more effective therapeutic strategies targeting malignancy-promoting mechanisms. Dysregulation of C-MET, its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and the fusion oncogene product TPR-MET, first identified in human MNNG-HOS OS cells, have been described as cancer-causing factors in human cancers. Here, the expression of these molecules at the mRNA and the protein level and of HGF-stimulated signaling and downregulation of C-MET was compared in the parental low metastatic HOS and MG63 cell lines and the respective highly metastatic MNNG-HOS and 143B and the MG63-M6 and MG63-M8 sublines. Interestingly, expression of TPR-MET was only observed in MNNG-HOS cells. HGF stimulated the phosphorylation of Akt and Erk1/2 in all cell lines investigated, but phospho-Stat3 remained at basal levels. Downregulation of HGF-stimulated Akt and Erk1/2 phosphorylation was much faster in the HGF expressing MG63-M8 cells than in HOS cells. Degradation of HGF-activated C-MET occurred predominantly through the proteasomal and to a lesser extent the lysosomal pathway in the cell lines investigated. Thus, HGF-stimulated Akt and Erk1/2 signaling as well as proteasomal degradation of HGF activated C-MET are potential therapeutic targets in OS. - Highlights: • Expression of TPR-MET was only observed in MNNG-HOS cells. • HGF stimulated the phosphorylation of Akt and Erk1/2 but not of Stat3 in osteosarcoma cell lines. • Degradation of HGF-activated C-MET occurred predominantly through the proteasomal pathway.

  3. Demyeliniserende sygdom hos børn med akutte neurologiske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2015-01-01

    Demyelinating diseases in children is a broad group of illnesses, which affect the central nervous system. Demyelinating diseases can be monophasic or chronic and comprise acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica....... Demyelinating diseases are rare, but it is important for the physician to recognize these diseases, as well as to understand the differential diagnoses. This review summarizes the current knowledge of demyelinating disorders in children, focusing on an approach to diagnosis and management....

  4. Caries, fedme og kost hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lempert, Susanne; Danielsen, Bo; Christensen, Lisa Bøge

    2017-01-01

    Nærværende artikel præsenterer en oversigt over den foreliggende viden om kostens betydning for diabetes mellitus (DM) og parodontal inflammation. Der er i vekslende grad dokumentation for sammenhænge mellem kost, DM og marginal parodontitis (MP). Med baggrund i forøget viden om kostens betydning...

  5. Generel populationsscreening af mentalt helbred hos småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammitzbøll, Janni; Skovgaard, Anne Mette; Kreiner, Svend

    Hovedstadsområdet. Børnene er undersøgt i alderen 9-10 måneder, af deres sædvanlige sundhedsplejerske. Resultater fra grafisk loglineære Rasch analyser viser at PUF er unidimensionalt, uden differentiel item funktion i forhold til børnenes køn, alder og apgar score. Desuden findes cut-point for psyko...

  6. Självkänsla och idrottslig kompetens hos idrottare inom Special Olympics

    OpenAIRE

    Bengtsson, Sandra; Dalsmyr, Malin

    2015-01-01

    Individer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar (IF), IK<70, tenderar att ha lägre självkänsla än individer utan IF. Låg självkänsla korrelerar med psykisk ohälsa, såsom depression, ångest och ätstörningar. Global självkänsla, en individs generella uppfattning av sig själv och sitt värde, påverkar och påverkas av undergrupper, såsom idrottslig kompetens (Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976). Studier utanför Sverige visar att deltagande i organiserad idrottsverksamhet ökar global sjä...

  7. Genetisk betinget hypokaliæmisk periodisk paralyse hos en 13-årig dreng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anne Holm; Hansen, Bente; Hermansen, Mette Northman

    2014-01-01

    Hypokaliaemic periodic paralysis is a rare hereditary neuro-muscular disease caused by an error in the ion-canals in muscle cells resulting in decreased excitabiliy. It presents itself in the late childhood or teenage years with a periodic paralysis without involving respiratory and heart muscles...

  8. Juvenilt gigant fibroadenom i brystet hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasanbegovic, Emir; Talman, Maj-Lis Møller; Hjalgrim, Lisa Lyngsie

    2014-01-01

    A rapidly growing mass in the breast may be stressful for both parents and child as the suspicion of malignancy arises. The purpose of this case report is to draw attention to the fact that most emerging lesions of the breast in girls during puberty are benign. This case report presents a ten-yea......-year-old girl with a rapidly growing tumour in the breast. The tumour turned out to be a giant juvenile fibroadenoma, which is rare and benign. Differential diagnosis, investigation and management are reviewed....

  9. Forebyggelse og behandling af fedme hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Mølgaard, Christian; Richelsen, Bjørn

    2006-01-01

    In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus that mul......In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus...... that multisectorial action is urgently needed. This should include intervention at the family, school, municipal, regional and national levels, including the commercial sector and food companies. Treating childhood obesity has not been very successful, but some comprehensive community-based treatment programmes have...... shown reasonable long-term results. There is a need to establish such community-based treatments with emphasis on psychological aspects....

  10. Cancer prostatae hos maend under 65 år. Forekomst og behov for udredning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, K; Friis, S; Kjaer, S K

    1997-01-01

    Based on information from the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry, the development in prostate cancer incidence among Danish men under 65 years is reviewed. Changes in incidence rate, clinical stage and the number of possible candidates for radical treatment are discussed.......Based on information from the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry, the development in prostate cancer incidence among Danish men under 65 years is reviewed. Changes in incidence rate, clinical stage and the number of possible candidates for radical treatment are discussed....

  11. Langvarig sygdom hos danske børn rapporteret af forældrene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne M; Koefoed, Birgitte Gade; Møller, Ralf

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence and nature of long-term diseases and their consequences in children under the age of 16 in Denmark, and to identify the socio-demographic determinants of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents and stepparents participating in the D...... diseases, were probably underreported. Attention should be paid to the high prevalence of asthma, to the poorer thriving and to the general health status of children with long-term disease, and to the social inequality in children's health. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-Jan-23...

  12. Psykiatriske indlaeggelser hos bybuschauffører. En prospektiv undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Netterstrøm, Bo; Juel, K

    1989-01-01

    During the period from 1978 until and including 1984, 2,645 male bus drivers were followed as regards psychiatric admissions. In 1978, 83% of these had replied to a questionnaire about job-satisfaction and working conditions. Fifty-eight out of these 2,465 had been admitted to psychiatric departm...

  13. Infektioner relateret til centralt venekateter hos børn med maligne lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Møller, Jens Kjølseth; Schrøder, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Central venous catheters (CVC) are an essential part of the treatment of children with haematological and oncological diseases. Unfortunately, CVC also represent a major risk factor of bloodstream infections. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in children are often diagnosed based...... on blood cultures from the CVC only. Most CRBSI can be treated without catheter removal. On suspicion of CRBSI empirical antibiotic treatment with piperacillin-tazobactam, meropenem or ampicillin in combination with gentamicin is recommended. The systemic treatment can be combined with catheter...

  14. Stigende incidensrate af skizofreni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenstrøm, Anne Dorte; Christiansen, Erik; Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    The purpose was to expand the understanding of schizophrenia development in children and adolescents. An age- and gender-specific analysis of children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia (F20.xx) was performed. The analysis included calculation of incidence rates of schizophrenia, schizo......, schizophrenia subtypes, and an account of occurrence of any registered psychiatric diagnoses prior to first schizophrenia diagnosis....

  15. Traethedsbrud af collum femoris hos rask maratonløber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Christensen, Ole; Lukina, Guy Feruzi

    2009-01-01

    Fatigue fractures of the hip are rare causes of hip pain. Delayed diagnostics of this type of fracture can cause serious complications. We describe a case concerning a 32-year-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general......-old male amateur runner who experienced hip pain with rapid onset during his first marathon. After eight days his general practitioner referred him to the hospital and a dislocated fracture of the femoral neck was detected. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct-5 Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  16. Schmallenberg virus – et nyt virus hos drøvtyggere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohse, Louise

    undersøgelser på laboratoriet, blev alle prøver i en længere periode testet negative for kendte patogener, der evt. kunne tænkes at knytte sig til disse sygdomsudbrud. Efterfølgende fandt man ved sekvensanalyse på DNA/RNA oprenset fra prøvematerialet lighed med virus fra orthobunyavirusgruppen. Disse virus er...... normalt vektorbårne og er kendt som årsag til sygdom i drøvtyggere i Australien, Asien, Afrika og Mellemøsten. Det nye virus blev kaldt Schmallenberg virus (SBV) efter stedet hvor det første tilfælde blev påvist. Siden har Schmallenberg virus spredt sig og er nu påvist i får, kvæg og geder i Tyskland......, Holland, Belgien, Luxembourg, Frankrig, Spanien, Italien og Storbritannien (status april 2012). Det antages, at virus overføres med mitter og myg og inkubationstiden har fra eksperimentelle forsøg vist sig at være kort (1-4 dage). Virus cirkulerer få dage i blodet og manifesterer sig ved milde uspecifikke...

  17. Primært gastrointestinale symptomer ved malaria hos flygtningebørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    St-Martin, Gry; Thusgaard, Mikkel; Simonsen, Hanne Marie

    2009-01-01

    We present three cases of malaria in refugee children newly arrived from Sub-saharan Africa. Only one of the three children had fever and all had high parasite loads (2,5-14% parasitemia). Malaria is an important differential diagnosis in refugees from endemic areas, regardless of whether...

  18. Svin som smittekilde til infektioner med methicillinresistente Staphylococcus aureus hos mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhlmann, Christina H; Kolmos, Hans Jørn J; Kristiansen, Jette E

    2008-01-01

    occupational contact with pigs. One infection presented as a severe surgical wound infection, following knee surgery, the other as a superficial ear lobe infection. Both MRSA strains were multiresistant, sequence type 398, Spa-type t034, and Panton-Valentine leukocidin-encoding gene negative. Udgivelsesdato...

  19. Digoxinforgiftning hos et spædbarn grundet forveksling af flasker med magistrelt fremstillet medicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Lindholdt; Herskind, Anne Maria

    2014-01-01

    -fragment and atropine. After three days of hospitalization she was discharged well-being. We suspect that the explanation for this intoxication is due to confusion of bottles of magistral preparations of medicine, as they were very identical. Therefore we call for increased attention in children receiving this type......We hereby describe a case report of a 9-month-old girl, who was accidentally intoxicated with digoxin since her parents by mistake gave her digoxin instead of propranolol. At admission sinusbradycardia and a first-degree atrioventricular block was found and she was treated with antidigitalis Fab...

  20. Recidiverende halscellulitis hos nyfødt forårsaget af gruppe B-streptokokker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annett Helleskov; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    Group B streptococci are an important cause of neonatal infection, and cellulitis is rarely found to be the clinical manifestation. In the present case a premature boy developed cellulitis and antibiotic sensitive group B streptococci were detected in blood culture. Despite pertinent treatment...... for 14 days he developed two relapses. At last antibiotic treatment was continued for a period of six weeks with no further relapse. To our knowledge no cases of relapse of neonatal group B streptococcal cellulitis in spite of recommended dose and duration of antibiotic treatment have been published...

  1. Amning reducerer risikoen for fedme hos børn i etårsalderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Anita S.; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

    2012-01-01

    Many studies suggest that some breastfeeding may be a protective factor against obesity. Our aim was to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding for six months, as recommended by the Danish National Board of Health, prevents obesity among children. A literature search found four epidemiological...... studies comparing children who were exclusively breastfed for six months with children who were never breastfed. Exclusive breastfeeding for six months reduced the risk of obesity among children 12 months of age. In children aged 3-14 years the result was inconsistent....

  2. Svær intraabdominal blødning hos en kvinde med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Lidegaard, Ojvind

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy has been associated with endometriosis. More women with endometriosis get pregnant due to improved fertility treatment and little is known of their risk of obstetrical complications. We report a case of a pregnant woman with a history of endometriosis who...... was admitted in gestational week 28 with spontaneous haemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency caesarean section and found multiple varicosities on the surface of uterus with active bleeding. Further knowledge on complications in pregnant women with endometriosis is needed....

  3. Svær intraabdominal blødning hos en gravid kvinde med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Lidegaard, Ojvind

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy has been associated with endometriosis. More women with endometriosis get pregnant due to improved fertility treatment and little is known of their risk of obstetrical complications. We report a case of a pregnant woman with a history of endometriosis who...... was admitted in gestational week 28 with spontaneous haemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency caesarean section and found multiple varicosities on the surface of uterus with active bleeding. Further knowledge on complications in pregnant women with endometriosis is needed....

  4. Smerter i nakken hos børn kan skyldes retrofaryngeal absces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoos, Ann-Marie Malby; Damgaard, Bodil; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt

    2012-01-01

    A six-year-old boy presented with fever, neck pain, and ear pain. Within days, the motility of his neck limited, his temperature rose, and blood samples showed signs of infection. On suspicion of cervical spondylodiscitis, a bone scintigraphy was performed, but gave negative results. A magnetic...

  5. Demyeliniserende sygdom hos børn med akutte neurologiske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2015-01-01

    . Demyelinating diseases are rare, but it is important for the physician to recognize these diseases, as well as to understand the differential diagnoses. This review summarizes the current knowledge of demyelinating disorders in children, focusing on an approach to diagnosis and management.......Demyelinating diseases in children is a broad group of illnesses, which affect the central nervous system. Demyelinating diseases can be monophasic or chronic and comprise acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica...

  6. Det tidlige sprog hos børn med autisme - en afgørende udviklingsfaktor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia; Eigsti, Inge-Marie

    2010-01-01

    bidrage til teorier om normaludviklingen. Denne artikel fokuserer på en afgørende faktor for prognosen ved autisme: den tidlige sprogudvikling. De tidlige sprogfærdigheder er en afgørende prædiktor for senere fungeren, såvel på kort som på langt sigt. Højtfungerende autisme (HFA) og Aspergers syndrom (AS...

  7. A Robust Subpixel Motion Estimation Algorithm Using HOS in the Parametric Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibn-Elhaj E

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Motion estimation techniques are widely used in todays video processing systems. The most frequently used techniques are the optical flow method and phase correlation method. The vast majority of these algorithms consider noise-free data. Thus, in the case of the image sequences are severely corrupted by additive Gaussian (perhaps non-Gaussian noises of unknown covariance, the classical techniques will fail to work because they will also estimate the noise spatial correlation. In this paper, we have studied this topic from a viewpoint different from the above to explore the fundamental limits in image motion estimation. Our scheme is based on subpixel motion estimation algorithm using bispectrum in the parametric domain. The motion vector of a moving object is estimated by solving linear equations involving third-order hologram and the matrix containing Dirac delta function. Simulation results are presented and compared to the optical flow and phase correlation algorithms; this approach provides more reliable displacement estimates particularly for complex noisy image sequences. In our simulation, we used the database freely available on the web.

  8. A Robust Subpixel Motion Estimation Algorithm Using HOS in the Parametric Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Ismaili Aalaoui

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Motion estimation techniques are widely used in todays video processing systems. The most frequently used techniques are the optical flow method and phase correlation method. The vast majority of these algorithms consider noise-free data. Thus, in the case of the image sequences are severely corrupted by additive Gaussian (perhaps non-Gaussian noises of unknown covariance, the classical techniques will fail to work because they will also estimate the noise spatial correlation. In this paper, we have studied this topic from a viewpoint different from the above to explore the fundamental limits in image motion estimation. Our scheme is based on subpixel motion estimation algorithm using bispectrum in the parametric domain. The motion vector of a moving object is estimated by solving linear equations involving third-order hologram and the matrix containing Dirac delta function. Simulation results are presented and compared to the optical flow and phase correlation algorithms; this approach provides more reliable displacement estimates particularly for complex noisy image sequences. In our simulation, we used the database freely available on the web.

  9. Cerebral hæmoragi hos 12-årig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Mia; Grunnet, Sarah; Born, Alfred Peter

    2012-01-01

    A 12-year-old girl with an upper respiratory infection deteriorated suddenly with a severe headache and declining level of consciousness, and was brought to the ER on suspicion of meningitis. On arrival, the girl had a Glascow Coma Scale score of 6 and a dilated pupil that was not reactive to light...

  10. Svær dehydrering hos nyfødt efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    in Denmark. The case emphasizes the necessity of a sufficient safety net beneath the newborn children in order to minimise the risk of breast-feeding problems and re-hospitalizing. Neonatal problems such as marked weight loss, dehydration, hypernatremia and marked jaundice are potentially preventable....

  11. Psykosomatiske trivselsforstyrrelser hos spaede og småbørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Else Marie; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

    2002-01-01

    to thrive has traditionally been regarded as a maternal deprivation syndrome, but in recent population studies there has been found no evidence of mother-infant relationship disturbances as the main cause of non-organic failure to thrive is the general population. Non-organic failure to thrive is best...

  12. Procalcitonin til tidlig diagnostik af bakteriaemi hos børn med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chawes, Bo Lund; Rechnitzer, Catherine; Schmiegelow, Kjeld

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Fever and infections are common complications in children with cancer during chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) in the identification of children with bacteraemia at time of admission with febrile episodes. Furthermore, w...

  13. Pludselig uventet hjertedød hos yngre idraetsudøvere--skal der screenes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prescott, Eva I B; Heath, Finn P; Rasmussen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Sudden death involving athletes is always tragic and receives widespread public attention. The European Society of Cardiology has proposed cardiovascular screening of young competitive athletes. A report from the Danish Society of Cardiology recently concluded that screening cannot be recommended...

  14. Granulomatøs perioral dermatitis i barnealderen hos et adoptivbarn fra Madagaskar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørtz, Charlotte Gotthard; Deleuran, Mette Søndergaard

    2008-01-01

    A case of childhood granulomatous perioral dermatitis (CGPD)/facial Afro-Caribbean childhood eruption (FACE) in a three year old boy from Madagascar is described. This disorder occurs predominantly in black children until puberty. It is a relatively uncommon condition of unknown aetiology...

  15. Forekomst af nylig sygdom hos danske børn i 1994 og 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne M; Koefoed, Birgitte Gade; Møller, Ralf

    2006-01-01

    in the January-March quarter: 18.9%. The specific illness rates were: cold/sore throat: 4.5%; fever/influenza: 3.0%; gastrointestinal infection: 1.9%; middle ear infection: 1.3%, lower respiratory infection/asthma: 1.1%; skin disease: 0.6%; conjunctivitis: 0.4%; headache: 0.4%; injury: 0.3%; other: 0...

  16. Lichen sclerosus er også en sygdom hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baskaramoorthy, Shailajah; Bygum, Anette

    2012-01-01

    Lichen sclerosus in children is an uncommon skin disease with a predilection for the genital region. The disease is primarily seen in prepubertal girls and postmenopausal women. We present two cases of four year-old girls referred with classical symptoms but a long diagnostic latency. One...

  17. Kompliceret influenza A (H1N1) hos gravid i andet trimester

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ersbøll, A.S.; Hedegaard, M.; Hesselvig, A.B.

    2012-01-01

    A 27-year-old woman at 25 weeks of gestation was admitted to hospital due to bilateral pneumonia with increasing hypoxia. She was tested positive for influenza A (H1N1) and successfully treated with oral oseltamivir. Nine days after the admission pathological umbilical flows were recorded and an ...... and an emergency caesarean was performed at 26 weeks + 2 days of gestation. The neonatal period was uncomplicated. Influenza A (H1N1) is especially dangerous in pregnant women and vaccination is important.......A 27-year-old woman at 25 weeks of gestation was admitted to hospital due to bilateral pneumonia with increasing hypoxia. She was tested positive for influenza A (H1N1) and successfully treated with oral oseltamivir. Nine days after the admission pathological umbilical flows were recorded...

  18. Idiopatisk pulmonal hæmosiderose hos en et-årig piga med Down syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Anna Elisabeth; Høi-Hansen, Christina Engel; Buchvald, Frederik

    2014-01-01

    -ptysis, was investigated with computed tomography and broncho-alveolar lavage and was diagnosed with IPH. After treatment, respiratory symptoms and anaemia resolved and a positive impact on previously impaired growth and psychomotor development was seen. Paediatricians should consider IPH in children with recurrent......Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disease. We describe a girl with Down syndrome who had no major respiratory symptoms until one year of age, where recurrent airway infections and chronic anaemia of unknown aetiology developed. At 20 months of age she had intermittent haemo...

  19. Symptomatisk zinkmangel hos et brysternæret spædbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Lone; Zachariassen, Gitte; Honoré, Karina Dyrvig

    2018-01-01

    Nutrition containing zinc is of special practical importance in infants and children. Perinatal zinc deficiency manifestations include erosive dermatitis, alopecia, diarrhoea, central nervous system dysfunction and immune system deficiency. We present a case story of an ex-preterm, exclusively br...... breast-fed infant who presented with irritability, clinical signs of infection, an atypical rash and signs of oral candidiasis. Blood tests showed low plasma levels of zinc and subsequent analysis showed reduced zinc levels in the breast milk....

  20. Anomalies of kinetic coefficients in HoS near the magnetic ordering temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novikov, V.I.; Golubkov, A.V.; Kizhaev, S.A.

    1982-01-01

    A complex experimental investigation of holmium sulfide has been carried out at 1.6-90K temperature and magnetic field intensity up to 17.3 kOe. Transfer phenomena, magnetic susceptibility, magnetocaloric effect and also peculiariries of thermal conductivity were studied. All investigations were carried out using one polycrystalline holmium monosulfide sample. Antiferromagnetic character of ordering of these compounds has been established. The special anomaly of the electric conductivity temperature dependence close to the Neel temperature of 17.5 K has been revealed. Estimation of the exchange interaction integral J(o)=0.017 eV has been carried out. Experimental data on the thermal electromotive force temperature dependence close to the Neel temperature were compared with the theory of kinetic phenomena of antiferromagnetic materials

  1. Idiopatisk pulmonal hæmosiderose hos en et-årig piga med Down syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Anna Elisabeth; Høi-Hansen, Christina Engel; Buchvald, Frederik

    2014-01-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disease. We describe a girl with Down syndrome who had no major respiratory symptoms until one year of age, where recurrent airway infections and chronic anaemia of unknown aetiology developed. At 20 months of age she had intermittent haemo...

  2. Morbus Osler diagnosticeret hos 16-årig i forbindelse med en trafikulykke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sivapalan, Pradeesh; Demény, Ann Kathrin; Almind, Merete

    2014-01-01

    Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by vascular dysplasia and haemorrhage. It is manifested by mucocutaneous telangiec-tases and arteriovenous malformations in organs such as lungs, liver and brain. We present a case of HHT. A 16-year...

  3. Svaer vitamin B12-mangel hos spaedbørn brysternaeret af veganere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Skovby, Flemming; Lund, Allan Meldgaard

    2009-01-01

    Weight loss and reduction of motor skills resulted in paediatric evaluation of a 10-month-old girl and a 12-month-old boy. Both children suffered form anaemia and delayed development due to vitamin B12 deficiency caused by strict maternal vegan diet during pregnancy and nursing. Therapy...... with cyanocobalamin was instituted with remission of symptoms. Since infants risk irreversible neurologic damage following severe vitamin B12 deficiency, early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory. Vegan and vegetarian women should take vitamin B12 supplementation during the pregnancy and nursing period...

  4. Forebyggelse og behandling af fedme hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Mølgaard, Christian; Richelsen, Bjørn

    2006-01-01

    In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus that mul...... shown reasonable long-term results. There is a need to establish such community-based treatments with emphasis on psychological aspects.......In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus...... that multisectorial action is urgently needed. This should include intervention at the family, school, municipal, regional and national levels, including the commercial sector and food companies. Treating childhood obesity has not been very successful, but some comprehensive community-based treatment programmes have...

  5. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  6. Transportproteiner som drug-targets hos Plasmodium falciparum. Nye perspektiver i behandlingen af malaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellekvist, Peter; Colding, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    to identify, clone and characterise a number of these transport proteins from the parasite. Since the P. falciparum transport proteins differ from their human homologues, they may provide potential drug targets in the treatment of malaria. An example of a P. falciparum transport protein which seems promising...

  7. Tobaksrygning og risiko for hoftebrud hos maend og kvinder. Resultater fra Hovedstadens Center for Prospektive Befolkningsstudier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høidrup, S; Prescott, E I; Sørensen, T I

    2001-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In the present population-based cohort study, we prospectively determined the influence of current, previous, and cumulative smoking history on the risk of hip fracture in men and women and addressed the issue of possible gender difference in susceptibility to tobacco smoking. MATER...

  8. Det kliniske forløb ved valproatforgiftning hos en treårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Thalia Marie; Vestergaard, Esben Thyssen; Dalhoff, Kim Peder

    2012-01-01

    after accidental intake of 6,000 mg VA. Treatment included activated charcoal. Clinical observation included measurements of blood pressure, cardiac telemetry, and measurements of serum VA and metabolic parameters every 4-6 hrs. The girl was discharged successfully after 72 hrs with her usual dose of VA....

  9. Amning reducerer risikoen for fedme hos børn i etårsalderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Anita S.; Mathiesen, Elisabeth R

    2012-01-01

    Many studies suggest that some breastfeeding may be a protective factor against obesity. Our aim was to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding for six months, as recommended by the Danish National Board of Health, prevents obesity among children. A literature search found four epidemiological s...

  10. Anaboliske-androgene steroiders effekt på muskelstyrke, kropsvaegt og fedtfri legemsmasse hos styrketraenende maend

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søe, Martin Jensen; Jensen, K L; Gluud, C

    1989-01-01

    A review of the effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) on muscle strength, body weight and lean body mass in body-building men is presented. In about half of the placebo-controlled studies, a significant effect on the above mentioned response variables is found. In all cases where an effect...

  11. Svaer vitamin B12-mangel hos spaedbørn brysternaeret af veganere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Skovby, Flemming; Lund, Allan Meldgaard

    2009-01-01

    Weight loss and reduction of motor skills resulted in paediatric evaluation of a 10-month-old girl and a 12-month-old boy. Both children suffered form anaemia and delayed development due to vitamin B12 deficiency caused by strict maternal vegan diet during pregnancy and nursing. Therapy with cyan......Weight loss and reduction of motor skills resulted in paediatric evaluation of a 10-month-old girl and a 12-month-old boy. Both children suffered form anaemia and delayed development due to vitamin B12 deficiency caused by strict maternal vegan diet during pregnancy and nursing. Therapy...... with cyanocobalamin was instituted with remission of symptoms. Since infants risk irreversible neurologic damage following severe vitamin B12 deficiency, early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory. Vegan and vegetarian women should take vitamin B12 supplementation during the pregnancy and nursing period...

  12. Juvenilt gigant fibroadenom i brystet hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasanbegovic, Emir; Talman, Maj-Lis Møller; Hjalgrim, Lisa Lyngsie

    2014-01-01

    A rapidly growing mass in the breast may be stressful for both parents and child as the suspicion of malignancy arises. The purpose of this case report is to draw attention to the fact that most emerging lesions of the breast in girls during puberty are benign. This case report presents a ten-yea...

  13. Psykisk helsearbeid på internett: konsekvenser for normalitets- og identitetsdannelse hos ungdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Johan W. Andersen

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Psykisk helsearbeid på internett øker i omfang, og verdsettes på grunn av bekvemmelighet, lave kostnader og muligheter for anonymitet. Artikkelen bygger på en kartlegging av norske og svenske nettbaserte eposttjenester for ungdom og unge voksne, og viser at det var 24 nettsteder som tilbød slike tjenester i 2009. Tjenestene hadde opphav i både offentlig og frivillig sektor. Flesteparten av sidene fra offentlig sektor tok utgangspunkt i eksisterende tjenestetilbud, og var en videreutvikling av tjenestene for å styrke tilgjengeligheten av psykisk helsetjenester. Andre sider oppsto som en konsekvens av FNs konvensjon av barns rettigheter. Størsteparten av sidene fra frivillig sektor ble utviklet som følge av et personlig og/eller fagpolitisk engasjement. Fire hovedtema for e-posttjenestene ble identifisert: 1 Kropp, kjønn og seksuell helse; 2 Informasjon og kontakt med voksne; 3 Rus og rusmidler; 4 Psykiske problemer. Studien viser at nettjenestene argumenterer for at det er viktig for ungdoms psykiske helse at de blir inkludert og akseptert i et fellesskap og at de opplever å bli respektert på egne premisser. Samtidig videreføres et ideal om det uavhengige og autonome mennesket, og nettjenestene formidler samlet sett et spenningsfylt budskap om at ungdom er avhengige av andre for å bli og forbli uavhengige individer. Psykisk helsearbeid på internett framstår som en måte å håndtere denne spenningen på, og muliggjør at ungdom kan håndtere en identitet som både avhengige og uavhengige mennesker. Studien viser forskjeller knyttet til begrepsforståelse, og peker på viktigheten av å utforske meningsinnholdet i psykisk helse nærmere.Mental health services on the Internet.ENGLISH SUMMARY: The demand for Internet-based mental health services are increasing. The services are valued for their convenience, low cost and opportunities for anonymity. This article is based on a survey of Norwegian and Swedish Internet-based email services for adolescents and young adults. The objective was to explore the ways in which these services mould young people's view on normality and identity and how they contribute to mental health. 24 websites were systematically reviewed. Most of the sites from public sector derived from existing services and can best be understood as an attempt to enhance the availability of the same services for adolescents and young adults. Other sites were closely connected to the UN Convention of children’s rights. A majority of the services from voluntary sector were developed as a result of initiatives taken by professionals or private persons. The email services focused different issues. A qualitative content analysis identified four main themes: 1 Body, gender and sexual health, 2 Information and contact with adults, 3 Drugs and substance abuse, 4 Mental problems.In order to contribute to mental health amongst adolescents and young adults the services emphasise the importance of social inclusion and acceptation. At the same time the services maintain an ideal of the independent and autonomous human being. The services send out a message stating that young people are dependent on others to become and remain independent persons. Internet-based mental health servicesenables young people to deal with an identity as both dependent and independent. The study reveals differences regarding the concept of mental health, and emphasise the importance of exploring the concept and meaning of mental health more closely.

  14. Spiseforstyrrelse hos en 19 måneder gammel pige med komorbid mor-barn-relationsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne Lise; Sigvard, Anne Mette; Skovgaard, Anne Mette

    2015-01-01

    Feeding and eating problems and weight faltering are common causes for parents contact to health services in infancy and early childhood, and 0.15% of the child population aged 0-3 years are diagnosed at hospital with an ICD-10 childhood eating disorder. We describe the clinical presentation...... of an early feeding and eating disorder in a child of basically normal health and deve-l-op-ment. The case illustrates the significance of the mother child relationship both in the putative risk mechanisms and as a key factor in the treatment. The importance of a close coopera-tion between paediatric...

  15. Forekomst af indvoldsorm hos hunde på Færøerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Signar; Joensen, Kristina Dahl; Monrad, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    af den koprologiske undersøgelse fandtes 18 af hundene (7,9 %) inficeret med en eller flere helmintharter, idet 4,0 % (n=9) var inficeret med Toxocara canis, 2,6 % (n=6) med Taenia spp., 0,9 % (n=2) med Trichuris vulpis, 0,4 % (n=1, en hund importeret , 0,4 % (n=1, en hund importeretfra Danmark 7 år...

  16. Mowat-Wilson-syndrom hos tre danske børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Karin Bækgaard; Søndergaard, Charlotte; Thelle, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is an autosomal dominant intellectual disability syndrome characterised by unique facial features and congenital anomalies such as Hirschsprung disease, congenital heart defects, corpus callosum agenesis and urinary tract anomalies. Some cases also present epilepsy...

  17. Hvordan etablere en sunn livsstil hos en overvektig inaktiv kvinne med psykisk utviklingshemning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Tørris

    2015-06-01

    Overweight and obesity are associated with increased health risks and shortened life span. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing, and a higher prevalence of obesity has been observed in persons with intellectual disability than in the general population. In this study, we want to establish a healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet and increased physical activity in an obese, inactive women with intellectual disability. Using interventions based on applied behavioural analysis, the women have established new habits in terms of diet and increased physical activity. The number of hours with physical activity per week has doubled, and both weight and waist circumference decreased during the eight weeks of the study. She maintained her new healthy lifestyle, after the study. More research is needed in interventions that can help reduce obesity in persons with intellectual disability.

  18. Nonoperativ behandling af alvorlige stumpe pancreaslæsioner hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penninga, Luit; Hillingsø, Jens

    2011-01-01

    Diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic trauma in children is challenging. Grade I and II lesions of the pancreas (Organ Injury Scale of the American Association of Trauma) are generally treated non-operatively. However, the optimal treatment of pancreatic lesions with involvement of the pancreatic...

  19. Metoder til måling af ketose hos søer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Anja Kibsgaard; Theil, Peter Kappel; Kristensen, Niels Bastian

    2010-01-01

    kunne være en laboratoriebaseret, enzymatisk målemetode på plasma eller serum. Denne metode kræver dog, at der udtages blodprøver af søerne, samt at disse prøver sendes til et laboratorium og centrifugeres. Denne form for analyse er dermed meget ressourcekrævende, og resultaterne fås ikke samme dag. Der...

  20. Lejringsbetingede skæve hoveder hos spædbørn kan forebygges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Birgit; Christensen, Karen; Baagøe, Susanne

    2011-01-01

    The prevalence of positional plagiocephaly is increasing. A systematic database search (Cochrane, MEDLINE, Embase, Cinahl and PEDro), critical appraisal and systematic evaluation of the quality of 14 selected studies show that the following are certain risk factors for the development of position...... plagiocephaly: supine sleeping position, positional preference, one-sided handling of the child, male sex, delayed motor development, reduced neck mobility, too little "tummy time", firstborn, multiple births and premature children. Recommendations for prevention are provided....