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Sample records for anhui province china

  1. Review and Prospect on Japonica Hybrid Rice Research in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Cheng-quan; WANG Shou-hai; WANG De-zheng; LUO Yan-chang; ZHANG Pei-jiang; WU Shuang; DU Shi-yun; XU Chuan-wan

    2005-01-01

    The breeding history and commercial exploitation of japonica hybrid rice in Anhui Province, China over the last threedecades were reviewed. Besides, the bottleneck problems restricting the development of japonica hybrid rice in China weresummarized, and corresponding technological countermeasures were proposed.

  2. Occurrence of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae

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    Jie Fang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of anophthalmic ground beetles belonging to the subfamily Trechinae are described: Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites parvus Tian & Li, sp. n. and Wanoblemus wui Tian & Fang, gen. n., sp. n. Both were discovered in the limestone caves of Anhui Province in eastern China. C. (Z. parvus was found in caves Ziwei Dong, Xianren Dong and Qingtai Dong, whereas W. wui was discovered in cave Baiyun Dong. This is the first record of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China.

  3. Epidemiological survey of cryptosporidiosis in Anhui Province China

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    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Bo-Rong Pan

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention and controlling of cryptosporidiosis, the infection of Cryptosporidium parvum and its epidemiological characteristics were studied in some areas of Anhui Province.METHODS: The oocyst of Cryptosporidium parvum in 5421fresh stool samples from eleven areas of Anhui Provincewas tested by auramine-phenol stain and improved anti-acidstain respectively. The specific antibody of IgG, IgM and Tsubsets of 41 patients with positive Cryptosporidium parvumin stools were detected by ELISA and biotin-streptavidin(BSA) respectively.RESULTS: The total infective rate of Cryptosporidiumparvum was 1.33 % (74/5421). Among them, the positiverates of oocyst in the areas of Huaibei (1. 82 % ) and Fuyang( 1. 80 % ) were higher. The positive rates of oocyst in stoolsof infants, pupils, middle school students, collegestudents, adults, patients with diarrhea, and those withimmunodeficiency were 3.15 % (28/889), 0.82 % (9/1098), 0.82 %(9/1092), 0.83 %(8/969), 0.85 % (9/1095), 2.88 %(8/27g) and 8.33 %(3/36) % respectively. The positive rates ofoocyst in infants and the patients with diarrhea andimmunodeficiency were significantly higher than those incontrols ( P < 0.01 ). The positive rate of oocyst in maleswas similar to that in females ( P> 0.05). The positive rateof oocyst in urban areas ( 1. 13 %) was significantly lowerthan those in rural areas ( 1. 72 %, P < 0.01 ). The positiverates of specific IgG, IgM and IgG + IgM in sera of thepatients with positive oocyst in stool were 63.4 % ( 26/41 ),17.1% (7/41), 19.5 % (8/41) respectively. The numberfractions of T subsets of CD3 + , CD4 + , CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + of the patients were 0.66 ± 0.07, 0.44 ± 0.06, 0.28 ± 0.04 and 1. 58 ± 0.32 respectively. The difference between thepatients and the controls was significant ( P < 0. 05). Themain manifestations of the patients were subclinicalinfection, in forms of slight abdominal pain, mild diarrhea,and loose stool.CONCLUSION: There are

  4. Archaeoseismological Study of Prehistoric Earthquakes in Anhui Province, China and Adjacent Areas

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    Yao, D.; Shen, X.; Gong, X.; Wu, W.; Hu, Z.; Zheng, H.; Chen, A.; Zhao, P.; Yang, Y.

    2014-12-01

    Damaging earthquakes on faults typically recur at intervals of centuries to millennia but the seismographs that record them have only been around for about hundred years. Complete records of earthquakes of Ms5 or above for Anhui Province of China and its adjacent areas began in 1336 and most previous records were lost. To reduce the hazard from earthquakes we need a longer record of them than can be provided from such instruments. Archaeoseismological evidence has the potential to determine earthquake activity over millennial time spans, especially when integrated with historical documents and geological evidence. In recent years, taking advantage of large-scale civil excavations, our research team including earthquake and archaeological scientists have cataloged, identified, and analyzed deformation relics of the late-Quaternary period, especially the Neolithic Age. Prehistoric earthquake traces were found in the cultural layers of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period in Southwest Anhui, the late Dawenkou cultural period in North Anhui, and the Eastern Zhou in South Henan. Along the segment of the Tanlu Fault Zone on the border of Jiangsu-Anhui Provinces, several rapid deformation events mainly in the form of oblique translational thrust had occurred since Late Pleistocene, which was confirmed by microscopic studies. The research findings have partly filled the gap of earthquake records in the area and enriched research methodologies in archaeology, prehistoric earthquakes and earthquake prediction. The project was sponsored by China Earthquake Science Special Research Funding Program (#201308012)

  5. A NEW SAURICHTHYS (ACTINOPTERYGII) FROM THE SPATHIAN (EARLY TRIASSIC) OF CHAOHU (ANHUI PROVINCE, CHINA)

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    ANDREA TINTORI; JIAN-DONG HUANG; DA-YONG JIANG; ZUO-YU SUN; RYOSUKE MOTANI; GUANBAO CHEN

    2014-01-01

    A new species of Saurichthys, S. majiashanensis , is described. It comes from a series of marine vertebrate-bearing beds of the upper member of the Nanlinghu Formation outcropping in the large quarry at the top of Majiashan (Majia Hill) near Chaohu (Hefei City, Anhui Province, China). Its age is Middle Spathian (Olenekian, Early Triassic). This new species deeply differs from the several pre-Spathian species of Saurichthys mainly for having only two longitudinal scale rows together with a red...

  6. Marriage Squeeze and Intergenerational Support in Contemporary Rural China: Evidence from X County of Anhui Province.

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    Jin, Xiaoyi; Guo, Qiuju; Feldman, Marcus W

    2015-01-01

    With China's gender imbalance and increasingly severe male marriage squeeze, patterns of intergenerational support in rural areas are likely to undergo significant change. Using data from a survey of four towns from X county in Anhui province carried out in 2008, this article analyzes the effects of sons' marital status on intergenerational support. Random-effect regression analysis shows that son's marital status has strong effects on financial support to and coresidence with parents. Compared with married sons, older unmarried sons (so-called forced bachelors) tend to provide less financial support to their parents and are more likely to live with their parents. Parents' support of sons, as well as the parents' own needs and sons' capabilities all affect the support provided by sons. These results show that both theories of exchange and altruism are simultaneously relevant in the context of the marriage squeeze of contemporary rural China.

  7. Commelina communis L.:Copper Hyperaccumulator Found in Anhui Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANGSHIRONG; HUANGCHANGYONG; 等

    1997-01-01

    Commelina communis L. growing over some new copper mining wastelangds at Bijiashan,Tongling City of Anhui Province,China,was found to be a copper hyperaccumulator,Its copper concentrations were 2707-6159( 4439±2434) mg kg-1 ,369-831,(731±142)mg kg-1 ,and 429-587(547±57)mg kg-1 ,respectively,in the roots,stems,and leaves.The soils supporting the growth of the species had a copper concentration ranging from 4620 to 5020 mg kg-1 and averaging 4835±262 mg kg-1 ,suggesting that the species could not only grow on heavily copper-contaminated soils but aslo accumulate extraordinarily high concentration of copper, thus,it shows great potential in the phytoremediation of copper-contaminated soils,the restoration of mined land,geochemical prospecting ,and the study of environmental pollution changes.

  8. Archaeopteris halliana from the Late Devonian(Famennian) of Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Yun; WANG Deming

    2009-01-01

    New materials from the Upper Devonian(Famennian)Wutong Formation of Chizhou District,Anhui Province,South China,allow description of fertile and sterile characters of Archaeopteris halliana.This plant has penultimate axes attached by sterile leaves and paired ultimate branches in the same ontogenetic spiral.Sterile leaves are narrowly cuneate in shape and bear distal margins dissected deeply.These leaves are spirally arranged on sterile ultimate axes.Non-laminated sporophyllls occur spirally on the ultimate axes and bifurcate once or twice.Elongate sporangia with longitudinal dehiscence are borne adaxially below or above the dividing points of the sporophylis.Despite the leaf shape resembling that of Archaeopteris macilenta,our plant is assigned to A.halliana because of its non-laminated sporophylls.Fertile characters should be given priority or enough consideration in identifying species of Archaeopteris.

  9. Molecular identification of Paragonimus ohirai and P. westermani from Anhui Province, China

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    Ryu J.S

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2 region were determined from seven adults of species Paragonimus collected from Jinde and Xiuning Counties, Anhui Province, China. Among these, the nucleotide sequence obtained from one Paragonimus adult (Jinde County was identical to the ITS2 sequence of P. ohirai previously reported. In order to confirm the result, partial regions of mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase (COI and NADH dehydrogenase 1 (ND1 from the putative P. ohirai sample were further sequenced. They showed a high level of similarity with those of P. ohirai, COI (99.7 % and ND1 (99.5 %, supporting the result obtained from the ITS2. In addition to this, we designed P. ohirai and P. westermani specific primers (BDW and BD2O H from ITS2 to identify P. westermani and P. ohirai easily and rapidly. After testing utility of the primers, they were applied to identify seven unidentified Paragonimus samples collected from Jinde and Xiuning Counties, China. All the examined samples showed P. westermani band pattern, and it was reconfirmed by sequencing their ITS2 regions that they are P. westermani. This result indicates that the two newly designed specific primers could be quite helpful for easily identifying P. westermani and P. ohirai, that most of Paragonimus in Jinde and Xiuning Counties consist of P. westermani, and that P. ohirai exists in Jinde County with minority.

  10. Trends and Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Sustainability in Eastern Anhui Province, China

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    Jian Zhang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes and evaluates the status and long-term trend of regional economic sustainability in eastern Anhui Province, China. Based on the triangle model and the definition of economic sustainable development, this study evaluates the interrelationship among regional economic development, resource-energy consumption, environmental pollution, and ecological performance. The sustainable and comprehensive utilization situation in the study region from 1975–2012 is examined. The results show that in 2012, the comprehensive development in the study region had a general status in terms of sustainability. The sustainable development trend of the seven administrative subunits inside the region had a weak and general status in terms of sustainability, while the status of sustainability in the southeastern part of the region was better than that in the northwest. During the period from 1975–1998, the study region’s comprehensive development presented a trend of general sustainability. In the period from 1998–2012, the region experienced a trend of very strong sustainability in its development. These statuses and trends have a certain relationship with the study region’s strong economic development and environmental protection over the past 37 years. The triangle method, as an intuitive platform for illustrating sustainability status and trends in economic development, seems to hold promise as an analytical management tool given its simplicity, ease of use, and flexibility.

  11. Lower Triassic Inorganic Carbon Isotope Excursion in Chaohu, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper reports a Lower Triassic inorganic carbon isotope profile from the North Ping-dingshan Section in Chaohu, Anhui Province, China, which was situated in a deep part of the LowerYangtze carbonate ramp. The δ(13C) excursion shows two periods from the Permian-Triassic boundaryto the lower Spathian substage, corresponding to the ecosystem undergoing evolution and recovery afterthe end-Permian mass extinction and related events. The first period starts at the δ (13 C) depletioncaused by the mass extinction and evolves with a gradual δ(13C) increase resulting from the developmentof some disaster taxa during the Induan. The strong Smithian δ(13 C) depletion in the second periodmight be formed by the collapse of the disaster ecosystem and the biotic recovery occurred with the explo-sive increase of bioproductivity in the Spathian. Thus the δ(13C) excursion in the Lower Triassic expres-ses patterns of biotic evolution and recovery during the erratic ecosystem that followed the great end-Permian mass extinction.

  12. Identifying Flood-Related Infectious Diseases in Anhui Province, China: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis.

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    Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore infectious diseases related to the 2007 Huai River flood in Anhui Province, China. The study was based on the notified incidences of infectious diseases between June 29 and July 25 from 2004 to 2011. Daily incidences of notified diseases in 2007 were compared with the corresponding daily incidences during the same period in the other years (from 2004 to 2011, except 2007) by Poisson regression analysis. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was used to test the distribution pattern of the diseases. Spatial regression models were then performed to examine the association between the incidence of each disease and flood, considering lag effects and other confounders. After controlling the other meteorological and socioeconomic factors, malaria (odds ratio [OR] = 3.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.77-7.61), diarrhea (OR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.24-3.78), and hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection (OR = 6.11, 95% CI = 1.04-35.84) were significantly related to the 2007 Huai River flood both from the spatial and temporal analyses. Special attention should be given to develop public health preparation and interventions with a focus on malaria, diarrhea, and HAV infection, in the study region. PMID:26903612

  13. Rare earth element geochemistry of groundwater from a deep seated sandstone aquifer, northern Anhui province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gui Herong; Sun Linhua; Chen Luwang; Chen Song

    2011-01-01

    Deep coal mines in northern Anhui province,China,provide opportunities for tracing the distribution and fractionation of rare earth elements (REEs) in deep seated environments.Major ions,as well as REE concentrations were measured in groundwater from a sandstone aquifer located between -400 and -280 m.Our results indicate that this groundwater consists of Cl·HCO3-Na or Cl·CO3-Na water types with warm temperature (30.1-31.4℃),circumneutral pH (7.27-8.61) and high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS- 1306-2165 mg/L).Concentrations of REEs in groundwater are high as expressed by their Nd concentrations (0.0086-0.018 μg/L).Except for weak heavy REEs (HREE) enrichment relative to light REEs (LREE),the similarity of REE distribution patterns between groundwater and aquifer rock indicate that enrichment of REEs is considered to be controlled by aquifer rock,as well as by their minerals,whereas the fractionation of REEs is controlled by HREE enriched minerals and,to a lesser extent,by inorganic REE complexes.Ce anomalies normalized to Post Archean Average Shale (PAAS) and aquifer rock are weak,which probably reflect the contribution of reduced conditions in combination with pH,rather than a signature of aquifer rock.

  14. Difference of Life Expenses among Rural Residents——A Case of Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literature review on the status of consumption difference of rural residents and its causation analysis is carried out.Most researches introduce the status and causation of consumption cap in rural residents from different aspects,which mainly analyze the obsolete data from the macroscopic angle by measuring methods.Only a few researches analyze the data in recent years from the provincial angle by using Theil index as the analysis index.Therefore,taking Anhui Province as an example,Theil index is selected to calculate the consumption gap of rural residents in Anhui Province in the years 2003-2008,according to the sample survey of rural households in Anhui Province in the years 2004-2009.Through the analysis of living consumption expenditure of rural residents,consumption change and its various internal causes are studied.Result shows that differentiation change of food and residence consumption expenditure is the major reason for the differentiation change of living consumption expenditure.Proportions of other expenditures are relatively small,having little impact on the living consumption of rural residents.Based on this,suggestions are put forward in order to minimize the difference in living consumption expenditure in rural areas,such as enhancing the income level of middle and low-income family in rural areas,improving the reform of education and health care,and strengthening the construction of rural road.

  15. A NEW SAURICHTHYS (ACTINOPTERYGII FROM THE SPATHIAN (EARLY TRIASSIC OF CHAOHU (ANHUI PROVINCE, CHINA

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    ANDREA TINTORI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Saurichthys, S. majiashanensis , is described. It comes from a series of marine vertebrate-bearing beds of the upper member of the Nanlinghu Formation outcropping in the large quarry at the top of Majiashan (Majia Hill near Chaohu (Hefei City, Anhui Province, China. Its age is Middle Spathian (Olenekian, Early Triassic. This new species deeply differs from the several pre-Spathian species of Saurichthys mainly for having only two longitudinal scale rows together with a reduced grid-like structure for the neural elements in the vertebral column. Further derived characters are in the endoskeleton of the dorsal and anal fin, where radials articulate only to anterior lepidotrichia, the posterior ones being supported by the first scale from the caudal pedicle mid-dorsal and mid-ventral rows, deeply imbedded in the body. In addition, the haemal spines of the caudal region are much enlarged and reversed, with their distal parts pointing forwards. Though the skull is lacking, postcranial characters are enough to justify the erection of a new species. This new Saurichthys species, together with other few actinopterygians, can be considered as the oldest assemblage of the Triassic Middle Fish Fauna, which bloomed probably in the early Anisian and widespread especially all over the Tethys for the Middle Triassic and at least the Carnian in the Late Triassic. This new fish assemblage, together with some of the oldest marine reptiles, is considered as the beginning of the actual Triassic recovery among marine vertebrates.

  16. Multivariate Analysis, Description, and Ecological Interpretation of Weed Vegetation in the Summer Crop Fields of Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng QIANG

    2005-01-01

    Two surveys were conducted to investigate weed vegetation in a 153-hm2 sampling area of summer crop fields from Anhui Province, China, through visual scoring of the level of weed infestation compared with summer crops on a seven-class scale. In total, 155 sampling sites were selected in the field based on crops, tillage, rotation systems, geographical regions, and soil types across the province. Data on weed communities and environmental factors were collected and analyzed through principal component analysis (PCA) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), and the output was interpreted ecologically. Results showed that the main factors influencing the structure and distribution of weed communities in summer crop fields were the soil submersion period, latitude, and soil type and pH. The CCA indicated a significant relationship between weed dominance and soil submersion duration, latitude, and soil pH. From the result of the PCA and CCA ordination, the 155 sampling sites could be divided into three groups based on geographic and floristic composition, as well as weed abundance. The southern dry land group, which was characterized by a double-cropping system in the hilly regions of southern and central Anhui Province with a continuous summer crop and an autumn dry land crop, was dominated by Galium aparine Linn. var. tenerum (Gren. et Godr) Robb., Avenafatua L., and Veronica persica Poir. The northern dry land group, which had the same cropping system as the southern dry land group, was dominated by G. aparine var. tenerun, Galium tricorne Stokes, Descurainia sophia (L.) Schur., and Lithospermum arvense L. in the North Anhui Province, China. These two dry land groups could be combined into one large dry land group, in which the Galium weed vegetation type dominated. The third group was the paddy soil group, which was characterized by a continu ous summer crop and double- or triple-cropping systems of rice, and prevailed in the south and central areas of Anhui

  17. Epidemiological survey of Blastocystis hominis in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China

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    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Yu-Bao Cui

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention andcontrolling of blastocystosis, the infection of Blastocystishomonis and to study its clinical significance in Huainan City,Anhui Province, China.METHODS: Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from100 infants, 100 pupils, 100 middle school students and403 patients with diarrhea was smeared and detected withmethod of iodine staining and hematoxylin staining. Afterpreliminary direct microscopy, the shape and size ofBlastocystis homonis were observed with high power lens.The cellular immune function of the patients withblastocystosis was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA).RESULTS: The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis inflesh stools taken from the infants, pupils, middle schoolstudents and the patients with diarrhea, were 1.0 % (1/100),1.0 % (1/100), 0 % (0/100) and 5.96 % (24/403)respectively. Furthermore, the positive rates of Blastocystishomonis in the stool samples taken from the patients withmild diarrhea, intermediate diarrhea, severe diarrhea andobstinate diarrhea were 6.03 % (14/232), 2.25 % (2/89),0 % (0/17) and 12.31% (8/65) respectively. The positiverates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools of male andfemale patients with diarrhea were 7.52 % (17/226) and3.95 % (7/177) respectively, and those of patients in urbanand rural areas were 4.56 % (11/241) and 8.02 % (13/162)respectively. There was no significant difference betweenthem (P>0.05). The positive rates of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ inserum of Blastocystis homonis-positive and-negativeindividuals were 0.64±0.06, 0.44±0.06, 0.28±0.04 and0.60±0.05, 0.40±0.05 and 0.30±0.05 respectively, andthe ratio of CD4+/CD8+ of the two groups were 1.53±0.34and 1.27±0.22. There was significant difference betweenthe two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Blastocystis hominis asan enteric pathogen in human seems not to be associatedwith gender and living environment, and that Blastocystishominis is more common in stool samples of

  18. Maternal care in rural China: a case study from Anhui province

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    Li Xiaohong

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies on prenatal care in China have focused on the timing and frequency of prenatal care and relatively little information can be found on how maternal care has been organized and funded or on the actual content of the visits, especially in the less developed rural areas. This study explored maternal care in a rural county from Anhui province in terms of care organization, provision and utilization. Methods A total of 699 mothers of infants under one year of age were interviewed with structured questionnaires; the county health bureau officials and managers of township hospitals (n = 10 and county level hospitals (n = 2 were interviewed; the process of the maternal care services was observed by the researchers. In addition, statistics from the local government were used. Results The county level hospitals were well staffed and equipped and served as a referral centre for women with a high-risk pregnancy. Township hospitals had, on average, 1.7 midwives serving an average population of 15,000 people. Only 10–20% of the current costs in county level hospitals and township hospitals were funded by the local government, and women paid for delivery care. There was no systematic organized prenatal care and referrals were not mandatory. About half of the women had their first prenatal visit before the 13th gestational week, 36% had fewer than 5 prenatal visits, and about 9% had no prenatal visits. A major reason for not having prenatal care visits was that women considered it unnecessary. Most women (87% gave birth in public health facilities, and the rest in a private clinic or at home. A total of 8% of births were delivered by caesarean section. Very few women had any postnatal visits. About half of the women received the recommended number of prenatal blood pressure and haemoglobin measurements. Conclusion Delivery care was better provided than both prenatal and postnatal care in the study area. Reliance on user fees gave

  19. Quantitative analysis of burden of infectious diarrhea associated with floods in northwest of anhui province, china: a mixed method evaluation.

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    Guoyong Ding

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Persistent and heavy rainfall in the upper and middle Huaihe River of China brought about severe floods during the end of June and July 2007. However, there has been no assessment on the association between the floods and infectious diarrhea. This study aimed to quantify the impact of the floods in 2007 on the burden of disease due to infectious diarrhea in northwest of Anhui Province. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover analysis was firstly conducted to examine the relationship between daily cases of infectious diarrhea and the 2007 floods in Fuyang and Bozhou of Anhui Province. Odds ratios (ORs of the flood risk were quantified by conditional logistic regression. The years lived with disability (YLDs of infectious diarrhea attributable to floods were then estimated based on the WHO framework of the calculating potential impact fraction in the Burden of Disease study. RESULTS: A total of 197 infectious diarrheas were notified during the exposure and control periods in the two study areas. The strongest effect was shown with a 2-day lag in Fuyang and a 5-day lag in Bozhou. Multivariable analysis showed that floods were significantly associated with an increased risk of the number cases of infectious diarrhea (OR = 3.175, 95%CI: 1.126-8.954 in Fuyang; OR = 6.754, 95%CI: 1.954-23.344 in Bozhou. Attributable YLD per 1000 of infectious diarrhea resulting from the floods was 0.0081 in Fuyang and 0.0209 in Bozhou. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that floods have significantly increased the risks of infectious diarrhea in the study areas. In addition, prolonged moderate flood may cause more burdens of infectious diarrheas than severe flood with a shorter duration. More attention should be paid to particular vulnerable groups, including younger children and elderly, in developing public health preparation and intervention programs. Findings have significant implications for developing strategies to prevent and reduce health

  20. Geochemical Characteristics of Sedimentary Manganese Deposit of Guichi, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The sedimentary manganese deposits occurring in Gufeng formation of the Permian in Guichi area, south Anhui Province, include manganese carbonate deposit formed by sedimentation, and manganese oxide deposit made by later oxidation. The total REE contents of these samples are relatively low ( < 250 × 10-6), belonging to LREE-enriched type,showing LREE enrichment during the process of formation of Mn deposit, especially during Mn-oxidizing process. Three normalized REE patterns and SCNA-normalized trace elements spider diagrams of the Mn-bearing sequence rocks and ores in this area reflect their same origin of ore sources, which is similar to rock-forming and ore-forming conditions. The Mnforming materials primarily came from the continent with higher mature degree and single material source. The δEu and δCe negative anomaly and Ce anomaly ( < - 0.1 ) manifest that Mn-bearing sequence of the Permian was mostly formed in marine basin and oxidative environment. The Sr and Ba anomaly, Sr/Ba and Co/Ni values reflect the Mn deposit environment was of deep water and high-salinity of marine facies. Although the Ce/La (mean 1.05), Y/Ho (25 ~ 41.5) and trace metals show a variety of correlations with Mn in the ten rock samples, which show multiple sources for the manganese, the analysis of geochemical characteristics indicate that the material sources of Mn deposit have been primarily terrestrially derived. Another source of the manganese probably comes from the seafloor volcanism in this area. Analysis of sedimentary features and geohistoric evolvement reveals that the maximum transgression of the Qixia Period, ore district is then in deep shelf-basin sedimentary setting and the Mn-bearing sequence is deposited.

  1. Secular trend in age at menarche in China: a case study of two rural counties in Anhui Province.

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    Graham, M J; Larsen, U; Xu, X

    1999-04-01

    There is increasing evidence that age at menarche has decreased in Europe and the United States during the last century and in Japan over the last several decades. Data from a community-based survey conducted in two rural counties of Anhui Province in China indicate a similar, downward secular trend in age at menarche for Chinese women. The present study shows the mean age at menarche decreased by 2.8 years, from 16.5 to 13.7, over an approximate 40-year time interval. This rapid decrease in age at menarche may partly be due to better nutrition and living standards reflected by the improved socioeconomic standards experienced in China over the past few decades. To test this hypothesis, a number of determinants of age at menarche were assessed; year of birth, literacy status, county of residence, amount of physical labour, general health status, pesticide exposure before age at menarche, and drinking water source were all found to be associated with age at menarche.

  2. New Recorded Plant Species in Anhui Province, China%安徽省新分布植物

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    王琼; 刘守金; 汪宁; 鲁宏明; 胡宗群; 刘想晴

    2013-01-01

    One genus and one species are newly recorded from Anhui Province. They are Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees ex Weight et Am and Linum stelleroides Planch. The voucher specimens are deposited in the Herbarium of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine (ACM).%报道安徽省1个新分布属水禾属植物水禾Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees ex Weight et Am和1个新分布种野亚麻Linum Stelleroides Planch。标本藏于安徽中医药大学标本中心(ACM)。

  3. Projections of hepatitis A virus infection associated with flood events by 2020 and 2030 in Anhui Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Wang, Changke; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-05-01

    Assessing and responding to health risk of climate change is important because of its impact on the natural and societal ecosystems. More frequent and severe flood events will occur in China due to climate change. Given that population is projected to increase, more people will be vulnerable to flood events, which may lead to an increased incidence of HAV infection in the future. This population-based study is going to project the future health burden of HAV infection associated with flood events in Huai River Basin of China. The study area covered four cities of Anhui province in China, where flood events were frequent. Time-series adjusted Poisson regression model was developed to quantify the risks of flood events on HAV infection based on the number of daily cases during summer seasons from 2005 to 2010, controlling for other meteorological variables. Projections of HAV infection in 2020 and 2030 were estimated based on the scenarios of flood events and demographic data. Poisson regression model suggested that compared with the periods without flood events, the risks of severe flood events for HAV infection were significant (OR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.05-1.55), while risks were not significant from moderate flood events (OR = 1.16, 95 % CI 0.72-1.87) and mild flood events (OR = 1.14, 95 % CI 0.87-1.48). Using the 2010 baseline data and the flood event scenarios (one severe flood event), increased incidence of HAV infection were estimated to be between 0.126/105 and 0.127/105 for 2020. Similarly, the increased HAV infection incidence for 2030 was projected to be between 0.382/105 and 0.399/105. Our study has, for the first time, quantified the increased incidence of HAV infection that will result from flood events in Anhui, China, in 2020 and 2030. The results have implications for public health preparation for developing public health responses to reduce HAV infection during future flood events.

  4. Rare earth element geochemistry of groundwaters from coal bearing aquifer in Renlou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Linhua; GUI Herong; CHEN Song

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth element (REE) concentrations of two different types of groundwaters (high SO42- water-SW and high alkaline waterCW) from coal bearing aquifer (-400~-280 m) in Renlou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China were measured. The results indicated that they had different REE characteristics: the total concentrations of REEs (∑REE) of SW were lower than those of CW in general although they all had heavy REEs enriched relative to light REEs. The dissolved REE inorganic species of SW included Ln3+, LnCO3+, LnSO4+,Ln(CO3)2- and Ln(SO4)2-, whereas the CW are Ln(CO3)2- and LnCO3+ dominant, and the proportions of Ln(CO3)2- increased while other species decreased with pH increasing. Combined with correlation analysis, the enrichment and fractionation of SW (low alkaline water) were considered to be affected by alkaline concentrations via affecting the types and proportons of REE inorganic species. However, the effect of alkaline concentrations to the enrichment and fractionation of REEs of CW (high alkaline water) was less important than total dissolved solids and pH, which reflected the contribution from different rocks they flowed over, different degrees of water-rock interactions and/or REE solid-liquid partition coefficients.

  5. Geochemical Study of Rare Earth Elements on Four Attapulgite Clay Deposits in Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天虎; 徐晓春; 鲁安怀; 岳书仓; 汪家权; 彭书传

    2003-01-01

    This paper discussed in detail about the REE component and the characteristics of the different kinds of attapulgite clay ores as well as basalts, weathered basalts in four localities of attapulgite clay deposits of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces of China. It is concluded that the half-weathered basalts have not distinct REE fractionation and strong weathered basalts have HREE loss in the process of the basalts weathered to form smectite group minerals. And the lateritic montmorillonite clays that formed from the basalts weathering have a distinct Ce positive anomaly, a little MREE loss and LREE and HREE renew enrichment. That reflects the particular oxidation condition in the Earth's surface and the adsorption of the colloid solution of the lake water in the basin of the continent in the time of the clays formed. The attapulgite clays produced by the reaction between basalts with lake water in the original place of the basin have same REE characteristics as that of the basalts and the weathered basalts. This shows that REE does not transfer heavily in the progressive chemical weathering process. The sedimentary attapulgite clays have also a similar REE component and characteristic parameters to the basalts and the weathered basalts, and have a distinct Eu negative anomaly and a big value of LREE/HREE, which shows that the sedimentary clay came from the weathered basalts, and REE partitioning patterns characters of the clays are controlled by the residual material of the weathered basalts.

  6. Human infections and co-infections with helminths in a rural population in Guichi, Anhui Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Hu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Helminth infections are believed to be common in tropical and subtropical countries. A cross-sectional study was carried out in two villages located in Guichi District in Anhui Province, the People’s Republic of China, where multiparasitism was investigated using parasitological tests. The data collected were fitted to Bayesian multi-level models to profile risk factors for helminth infections. The prevalence of Schistosoma (S. japonicum, Ascaris (A. lumbricoides and Trichuris (T. trichiura were 0.43% (range: 0-0.87% at the village level, 2.28% (range: 1.69-2.88%, and 0.21% (range: 0-0.42%, respectively. No hookworm infection was found. With regard to multiparasitism, only a 33-year-old female was found to be co-infected with S. japonicum and A. lumbricoides. Multiparasitism was unexpectedly rare in the study area, which contrasts with results from other studies carried out elsewhere in the country. The long-term usage of albendazole for individuals serologically positive for schistosomiasis may be the main reason, but this needs to be confirmed by future studies.

  7. Human infections and co-infections with helminths in a rural population in Guichi, Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yi; Li, Rui; Ward, Michael P; Chen, Yue; Lynn, Henry; Wang, Decheng; Chen, Gengxin; He, Zonggui; Sun, Liqian; Xiong, Chenglong; Zhang, Zhijie; Jiang, Qingwu

    2015-01-01

    Helminth infections are believed to be common in tropical and subtropical countries. A cross-sectional study was carried out in two villages located in Guichi District in Anhui Province, the People's Republic of China, where multiparasitism was investigated using parasitological tests. The data collected were fitted to Bayesian multi-level models to profile risk factors for helminth infections. The prevalence of Schistosoma (S.) japonicum, Ascaris (A.) lumbricoides and Trichuris (T.) trichiura were 0.43% (range: 0-0.87% at the village level), 2.28% (range: 1.69-2.88%), and 0.21% (range: 0-0.42%), respectively. No hookworm infection was found. With regard to multiparasitism, only a 33-year-old female was found to be co-infected with S. japonicum and A. lumbricoides. Multiparasitism was unexpectedly rare in the study area, which contrasts with results from other studies carried out elsewhere in the country. The long-term usage of albendazole for individuals serologically positive for schistosomiasis may be the main reason, but this needs to be confirmed by future studies. PMID:26618320

  8. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  9. Cyclospore cayetanensis in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Ye Tian

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the infection of Cyclospore cayetanensis in Anhui Province.METHODS: Identification of Cyclospore cayetanensis was made microscopically by finding the oocysts of Cyclospore cayetanensis in fecal smears taken from the infants, pupils and adults with obstinate diarrhea, and immunocompromised individuals by using a auramine-phenol stain and modified acid-fast stain. Cellular immune function was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA), and the specific antibody against Cyclospore cayetanensis was detected with method of ELISA.RESULTS: (1) The positive rates of Cyclospore cayetanensis infection in infants, pupils, infants and adults with obstinate diarrhea and with immunocompromised individuals were significantly different (P<0.01), with the rates of 0 %, 0.50 % (1/200), 5.62 % (10/178), and 9.38 % (3/32) respectively. (2) The infection rates of males and females were 2.61% (10/383) and 1.44 % (4/227) respectively, with no significant difference (P<0.05). (3) The positive rates of population with oocysts in urban and rural areas were 0.92 % (3/325) and 3.86 % (11/285) respectively. (4) The positive rates of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ of individuals with and without oocysts were significantly different (P<0.05,P<0.01), and their values were (64.28±6.55) %, (43.55±5.80) %, (28.23±4.32) %, 1.52±0.32 and (58.97±5.23) %,(39.26±4.93) %, (30.54±5.17) %, 1.26±0.21, respectively.(5) Specific IgG, IgM and IgG+IgM in serum of the patients with oocyst were significantly different (P<0.01) with the positive rates of 63.41% (9/14), 17.07 % (1/14) and 19.51% (4/14) respectively.CONCLUSION: Cyclospore cayetanensisinfection is present in Anhui, China and it was confirmed to be a new pathogen associated with children diarrhea, adults obstinate diarrhea and diarrhea in immunocompromised individuals. Among all the infected individuals, adult obstinate diarrhea patients and immunocompromised individuals are common. Feces examination of

  10. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  11. Research of expansion strategy of Postal Direct Mail in Anhui Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Zhengxi

    2012-01-01

    DM is “direct mail “, which is generally translated from English, abbreviated as DM. It means the multiform advertisements with the given information that are delivered to the target groups (potential customer, individuals and enterprises) directly by mailing service. DM is ranked a third media abroad following TV network and newspaper. It accounts for 15 - 20 % market share of the advertising market. However, in China, DM only accounts for less than 3 % market share at present, therefor...

  12. Genesis of the Xinqiao Gold-Sulfide Orefield, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZANG Wenshuan; WU Ganguo; ZHANG Da; LI Jinwen; ZHANG Xiangxin; LIU Aihua; ZHANG Zhongyi

    2004-01-01

    The Xinqiao S-Fe-Cu-Au orefield is located in the Tongling ore cluster in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in East China. There have been many researches regarding the genesis of the Xinqiao orefield in recent years, showing that it belongs to various types, such as sedimentary-reformed type, stratabound-skarn type, sedimentary submarine rocks-hosted exhalative type. We propose that it was formed in two periods of mineralization base on systematic field observation and Pb and S isotopic analyses in nearly ten years. The first period was formed during a syngenetic sedimentary process, whereas the massive sulphide orebodies are mainly related to the Yanshanian granitic magmatism. Sulfide metallic mineral associations show zoning around a granite intrusion, i.e. magnetite and pyrite →pyrite, chalcopyrite and native gold→ pyrite, sphalerite and galena. Gold orebodies occur outside the contact zone of the granite intrusion.

  13. Origin of Quaternary Red Clay of Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUXUEFENG; YUANGUODONG; 等

    1998-01-01

    The particle-size distribution,heavy mineral constituents and rare earth elements(REE) characteristics of the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province were studied to explore the origin of the clay.The results showed that the clay had some properties of areolian deposits,which could be compared with,those of the loess in North China ;and its chondrite-normalized curves of REE were similar to those of the Xiashu loess implying tha they shared the same orighin.It was concluded in combination with the results rported by other researchers that the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province originated from aolian deposts, and this could reveal the cycles of warm and cold climates in the area during the Quaternary period.

  14. Community characteristics of a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in Huangshan, Anhui Province, East China

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    Hui Ding

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, Huangshan is one of the high mountains in eastern China and lies in the transition zone of north-south flora. It is considered a refuge of flora and fauna during the Quaternary maximum glaciation. Zonal vegetation is classified as evergreen broad-leaved forest with a vertical distribution pattern. It is not only one of China’s Biodiversity Conservation Priority Areas, but also one of the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites and a world famous scenic spot. In 2014, we established a large-scale forest dynamics plot with an area of 10.24 ha in Huangshan based on international protocols (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Center for Tropical Forest Science, CTFS and completed the first field survey. The investigation aimed at revealing community characteristics by analyzing species composition, flora characteristics, diameter class structure, and spatial distribution patterns. We recorded 191 species of vascular plants, belonging to 59 families and 129 genera, in the plot. Among these, trees (DBH ≥ 1 cm belonged to 46 families, 97 genera and 153 species. The number of family and genera with tropical distributions accounted for 65.79% and 45.36% of the total taxa, respectively, while those with temperate distributions accounted for 34.21% and 51.55%, respectively. A number of rare and endangered species occurred in the plots, including six species classified as Class II of State Key Protected Wild Plants, seven threatened species (VU from the China’s Biodiversity Red List: Higher Plant, one species defined in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES (Appendix II, and 64 endemic species to China, indicating their values for protection and research. We also found that the number of species increased sharply with increasing scale when the scale was less than 2,150 m2, while at a higher resolution its rate of increase decreased

  15. Critical factors determining fluoride concentration in tea leaves produced from Anhui province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Huimei; Zhu, Xiaohui; Peng, Chuanyi; Xu, Wei; Li, Daxiang; Wang, Yijun; Fang, Shihui; Li, Yeyun; Hu, Shaode; Wan, Xiaochun

    2016-09-01

    This study investigated the fluoride present in tea plants (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) and its relationship to soils, varieties, seasons and tea leaf maturity. The study also explored how different manufacturing processes affect the leaching of fluoride into tea beverages. The fluoride concentration in the tea leaves was significantly correlate to the concentration of water-soluble fluoride in the soil. Different tea varieties accumulated different levels of fluoride, with varieties, Anji baicha having the highest and Nongkang zao having the lowest fluoride concentration. In eight different varieties of tea plant harvested over three tea seasons, fluoride concentration were highest in the summer and lowest in the spring in china. The fluoride concentration in tea leaves was directly related to the maturity of the tea leaves at harvest. Importantly, the tea manufacturing process did not introduced fluoride contamination. The leaching of fluoride was 6.8% and 14.1% higher in black and white tea, respectively, than in fresh tea leaves. The manufacturing step most affecting the leaching of fluoride into tea beverage was withering used in white, black and oolong tea rather than rolling or fermentation. The exposure and associated health risks for fluoride concentration in infusions of 115 commercially available teas from Chinese tea markets was determined. The fluoride concentration ranged from 5.0 to 306.0mgkg(-1), with an average of 81.7mgkg(-1). The hazard quotient (HQ) of these teas indicated that there was no risk of fluorosis from drinking tea, based on statistical analysis by Monte Carlo simulation. PMID:27162130

  16. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  17. Hydrogeochemical characteristics of groundwater in the coal-bearing aquifer of the Wugou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Song; Gui, Herong

    2015-12-01

    Major ions, trace elements, and isotope concentrations were measured in 11 representative groundwater samples that were collected from a series of aquifers in the Wugou coal mine, Anhui Province. The geochemical characteristics of the groundwater samples were examined using conventional graphical and multivariate statistical approaches, and the results showed that almost all of the groundwater samples collected from the coal-bearing aquifer were the Na-SO4 type, whereas the samples from the Quaternary and the limestone aquifer were the Ca-SO4 and Na-Cl types, respectively. The groundwater in the study area is not suitable for drinking without treatment because of the higher values of total dissolved solids and other parameters, whereas the lower value of the sodium adsorption ratio indicates that it can be used for irrigation. The total rare earth element concentrations ranged from 0.0398 to 0.1874 mg/L, and had an average of 0.075 mg/L. There were negative cerium and positive europium anomalies in the groundwater. The δD and δ 18O values in groundwater ranged from -9.01 to -8.81 ‰, and from -74.7 to -71.4 ‰, respectively. Meteoric water with variable degrees of evaporation is the main source of the groundwater in the coal-bearing aquifer.

  18. Ore-forming Fluid Systems and Mineralization in the Eastern Jiangnan Uplift in the Border Area of Anhui and Jiangxi Provinces, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Taofa; YUAN Feng; HOU Mingjin; FAn Yu; DU Jianguo; ZHU Guang; YUE Shucang

    2004-01-01

    Obvious differences in mineralization characteristics exist between the southern and northern parts of the eastern part of the Jiangnan Uplift in northern Jiangxi Province and southern Anhui Province. The regional metallogeny is discussed, and the ore-forming fluid systems are classified in this article. It is proposed that the fluid ore-forming activities in the Jiangnan Uplift both in northern Jiangxi and southern Anhui have close relationships with the crustmantle interaction and magmatic-tectonic activities. The types and scales of the mineralization on the both sides of the eastern Jiangnan Uplift were determined by fluid ore-forming systems and geological backgrounds.

  19. Identifying Spatial Clusters of Schistosomiasis in Anhui Province of China: A Study from the Perspective of Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liqian Sun

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available With the strategy shifting from morbidity control to transmission interruption, the burden of schistosomiasis in China has been declining over the past decade. However, further controls of the epidemic in the lake and marshland regions remain a challenge. Prevalence data at county level were obtained from the provincial surveillance system in Anhui during 1997–2010. Spatial autocorrelation analysis and spatial scan statistics were combined to assess the spatial pattern of schistosomiasis. The spatial-temporal cluster analysis based on retrospective space-time scan statistics was further used to detect risk clusters. The Global Moran’s I coefficients were mostly statistically significant during 1997–2004 but not significant during 2005–2010. The clusters detected by two spatial cluster methods occurred in Nanling, Tongling, Qingyang and Wuhu during 1997–2004, and Guichi and Wuhu from 2005 to 2010, respectively. Spatial-temporal cluster analysis revealed 2 main clusters, namely Nanling (1999–2002 and Guichi (2005–2008. The clustering regions were significantly narrowed while the spatial extent became scattered during the study period. The high-risk areas shifted from the low reaches of the Yangtze River to the upper stream, suggesting the focus of schistosomiasis control should be shifted accordingly and priority should be given to the snail habitats within the high-risk areas of schistosomiasis.

  20. Plant roots and anti-scourability of soils in the Shangshe Catchment, Dabie Mountains, Anhui Province, Eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiayao ZHUANG; Jinchi ZHANG; Bo ZHANG; Hongyan LUO; Xiaying HUANG; Jun FU

    2009-01-01

    The distribution of root biomass was studied in different soil layers (0-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40 cm) by means of a "study plot" method for various plant species in the Shangshe Catchment area in the Dabie Mountains, Anhui Province. The number and lengths of root samples were recorded. In each study plot, anti-scourability of soils in corresponding soil layers was measured with a C.C. Suoboliefu anti-scourability instrument. The results showed the following: 1) The root system was largely distributed in the 0-40 cm soil layer and the number of roots was the largest in the surface soil layer. Fine roots < 1 mm in diameter predominated in root length. 2) In the same section, the anti-scourability indices of the surface soil layer were larger than those of other soil layers in the various plant species. The tree root system, especially the fine roots < 1 mm in diameter, are highly instrumental in controlling soil losses. Correlation coefficients of length, number and density of fine roots and the anti-scourability index were 0.8173, 0.7159 and 0.6434, respectively. The length of fine root is a key factor in the anti-scourability soil index. This index is closely correlated with the non-capillarity of each soil type, indicating that forests have a strong soil stabilizing function, because their root systems improve physical soil properties and ultimately are responsible for the establishment of a biosoil system with an anti-scourability index.

  1. Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy on Maintenance Hemodialysis: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Survey in Anhui Province, Eastern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Chen

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: DN patients on MHD in Anhui province exhibited different clinical characteristics compared to non-DN hemodialysis patients. They presented higher percentage in TCC use and cardiovascular complication, lower serum albumin and iPTH levels than those in non-DN patients.

  2. Comparative analysis of physical recreation of Chinese youth as a means of Anhui Province sports tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Shouling

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the recreational facilities of Anhui Province, contributing to the development of the sports tourism in China. Material and Methods: analysis and generalization of literature and electronic sources, official web-sites, survey. Results: revealed the interest of young people to cultural and leisure activities in Anhui Province and the increase in the number of tourists at different ages. Development of sports tourism indicates an increase in mass and popularity among the population. Conclusions: addressing public interest in the development of sports tourism in China leads to the enhancement of the role of cultural holiday in physical development and rehabilitation of youth.

  3. Analysis of Social Integration Models of Tourism Labor Migrants——A Case Study of Jiuhua Mountain of Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhao; LU Lin

    2008-01-01

    The grounded theory of qualitative methods was applied to researching the social integration of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain of Anhui Province,China.The research was conducted based on the in-depth interviewing of 15 samples,open-consultation and the analysis of secondhand data.The integration models of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain were formed through four processes including theoretic sampling,coding-analysis,cross-tabulation and contextualization.The result shows that modes of production and life styles decide self-integration orientation of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain.Cultural differences are fundamental dissimilarity between tourism labor migrants and natives.There are three kinds of integration models including rapid,flee and gradually advancing integration.The differences among different types of migrants' integration models are remarkable.Taking the working integration as the abscissa and taking the life integration as the coordinate,an "S" model of integration matrix appears in the gradually advancing integration of intermediate and high administers from the working to the life which should be paid special attention to.

  4. Establishment of water source discrimination model in coal mine by using hydrogeochemistry and statistical analysis: a case study from Renlou Coal Mine in northern Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Lin-hua; GUI He-rong

    2012-01-01

    The demand for energy consumption promotes to find more coal in deep underground up to 1000 m and brings more serious situation of water disaster.As one of the major methods for water disaster control,hydrogeochemistry attracts a series of studies related to water source discrimination.In this paper,a simple method for constructing the water source discrimination model based on major ions and multivariate statistical analysis was reported using the following procedures:① collection of data and interpretation,② analysis of controlling factors based on the chemical composition of groundwater,③ "pure" sample chosen,and ④ discrimination model establishment.After the processes,two functions and a diagram were established for three aquifers (the Quaternary,Coal bearing,and Taiyuan Fm.) from the Renlou Coal Mine in northern Anhui Province,China.The method can be applied in almost all coal mines and can be used for evaluating the contribution ratios if the water is collected from a mixing source.

  5. Overview of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2015-01-01

    The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity,stabilizing farmland area,increasing farmers’ income,accelerating new socialist countryside construction,and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt,land consolidation,reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy,technical and business type regulations. However,there are still some weak links and problems,leading to slow project progress,and quality up to standard,fund management not standardized,and the masses not satisfactory for few projects. It summarized experience and achievements of rural land consolidation in Anhui Province and elaborated major existing problems in management of project implementation. Finally,it came up with pertinent recommendations for project implementation in rural land consolidation.

  6. Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of deep groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer of the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Man-Li; Peng, Wei-Hua; Gui, He-Rong

    2016-04-01

    There is little information available about the hydrochemical characteristics of deep groundwater in the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China. In this study, we report information about the physicochemical parameters, major ions, and heavy metals of 17 groundwater samples that were collected from the coal-bearing aquifer. The results show that the concentrations of total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, and potassium and sodium (K(+) + Na(+)) in most of the groundwater samples exceeded the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Chinese National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006). The groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer was dominated by the HCO3·Cl-K + Na and HCO3·SO4-K + Na types. Analysis with a Gibbs plot suggested that the major ion chemistry of the groundwater was primarily controlled by weathering of rocks and that the coal-bearing aquifer in the Linhuan coal-mining district was a relatively closed system. K(+) and Na(+) originated from halite and silicate weathering reactions, while Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) originated from the dissolution of calcite, dolomite, and gypsum or anhydrite. Ion exchange reactions also had an influence on the formation of major ions in groundwater. The concentrations of selected heavy metals decreased in the order Mn > Zn > Cr > Cu > Ni > Pb. In general, the heavy metal concentrations were low; however, the Cr, Mn, and Ni concentrations in some of the groundwater samples exceeded the standards outlined by the WHO, the GB 5749-2006, and the Chinese National Standards for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-93). Analysis by various indices (% Na, SAR, and EC), a USSL diagram, and a Wilcox diagram showed that both the salinity and alkalinity of the groundwater were high, such that the groundwater could not be used for irrigating agricultural land without treatment. These results will be significant for water resource exploiting and utilization in

  7. Prevalence and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chickens in Anhui province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Li

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL genes and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance (PMQR determinants in 202 Escherichia coli isolates from chickens in Anhui Province, China, and to determine whether ESBL and PMQR genes co-localized in the isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility for 12 antimicrobials was determined by broth microdilution. Polymerase chain reactions (PCRs, DNA sequencing, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE were employed to characterize the molecular basis for β-lactam and fluoroquinolone resistance. High rates of antimicrobial resistance were observed, 147 out of the 202 (72.8% isolates were resistant to at least 6 antimicrobial agents and 28 (13.9% of the isolates were resistant to at least 10 antimicrobials. The prevalence of blaCTX-M, blaTEM-1 and blaTEM-206 genes was 19.8%, 24.3% and 11.9%, respectively. Seventy-five out of the 202 (37.1% isolates possessed a plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant in the form of qnrS (n = 21; this determinant occurred occasionally in combination with aac(6'-1b-cr (n = 65. Coexistence of ESBL and/or PMQR genes was identified in 31 of the isolates. Two E. coli isolates carried blaTEM-1, blaCTX-M and qnrS, while two others carried blaCTX-M, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr. In addition, blaTEM-1, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr were co-located in two other E. coli isolates. PFGE analysis showed that these isolates were not clonally related and were genetically diverse. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to describe detection of TEM-206-producing E. coli in farmed chickens, and the presence of blaTEM-206, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr in one of the isolates.

  8. Petrogenesis, geochronology, and tectonic significance of granitoids in the Tongshan intrusion, Anhui Province, Middle-Lower Yangtze River Valley, eastern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-Yu; Du, Yang-Song; Teng, Chuan-Yao; Zhang, Jing; Pang, Zhen-Shan

    2014-01-01

    The Tongshan copper deposit in Anhui Province is a typical mid-sized skarn and porphyry type deposit in the Anqing-Guichi district along the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Valley, eastern China. The Tongshan intrusion is closely related to this mineralization. The intrusion mainly comprises rocks that are quartz diorite porphyry, quartz monzonite porphyry, and granodiorite porphyry. Plagioclase in these rocks is mostly andesine (An = 31.0-42.9), along with minor oligoclase. Biotite is magnesium-rich [Mg/(Mg + Fe) = 0.52-0.67] and aluminum-poor (Al2O3 = 12.32-14.09 wt.%), and can be classified as magnesio-biotite. Hornblende is TiO2-poor ( 0.60], and is magnesio-hornblende or edenite. The SHRIMP zircon U-Pb age of the quartz monzonite porphyry is 145.1 ± 1.2 Ma, which corresponds to the middle Yanshanian period. Whole-rock geochemical results show that the rocks are silica-rich (SiO2 = 60.23-66.23 wt.%) and alkali-rich (K2O + Na2O = 4.97-8.72 wt.%), and low in calcium (CaO = 2.61-5.66 wt.%). Trace element results show enrichments in large ion lithophile element (e.g., K, Rb, and Ba) and depletions in some high field strength elements (e.g., Nb, Ta, P, and Ti). The total rare earth element (REE) content of the rocks is low (ΣREE 10] and small positive Eu anomalies (average δEu = 1.16). These mineralogical, geochronological, and geochemical results show that the intrusion has a mixed crust-mantle source. The Tongshan intrusion was formed by multiple emplacements of crustally contaminated basaltic magma generated by varying degrees of partial melting of enriched lithospheric mantle and lower crust. Hornblende thermobarometry yielded magmatic crystallization temperatures of 652-788 °C and an average crystallization pressure of 1.4 kbar, which corresponds to a depth of approx. 4.7 km. Biotite thermobarometry yielded similar temperatures and lower pressures of 735-775 °C and 0.6 kbar (depth 2.1 km), respectively. The parental magma had a high oxygen fugacity and was

  9. Ecological Construction Based on Land Use Zoning of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; YE; Zhongxiang; YU

    2013-01-01

    Anhui Province is divided into 6 zones according to land use. This paper firstly introduces ranges, characteristics and problems of land use zoning in Anhui Province. On these bases, it presents the respective ecological construction mode. Huaibei Plain Zone should focus on agriculture and implement water conservancy project, ecological shelterbelt project and mining subsidence area control works. Jianghuai Hilly Zone should make breakthrough in transforming slope land, speed up restoring forest, grass and vegetation, and implement water-saving agriculture and prevention and control of soil erosion. The Yangtze River Side Plain Zone should take the opportunity of agricultural structural adjustment to implement the ecological construction mode of "reconverting farmland to forests, wetland and lakes". Western Anhui Dabie Mountain Zone should concentrate on setting apart hills for tree growing and transforming slope land, restoring and expanding forest, grass and vegetation, and implementing prevention and control of soil erosion. Southern Anhui Mountain Zone should focus on protecting natural forest, setting apart hills for tree growing, conceding the land to forestry and developing eco-tourism. Residential area should pay close attention to new urbanization construction, center on citizenship of agricultural population, push forward integration of industry and city, coordination of urban and rural areas, and interactive development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

  10. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Hua; Qi Yanbin; Yan Yubao; Cui Pengbo

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug.) to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result...

  11. The Strategic Study on Low-carbon Transformation of Food Packaging Industry of Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Fang Wang

    2015-01-01

    For exploring low-carbon development of packaging industry of Anhui province and abating gradual deterioration of global energy, environment and climate. Based on the related theory of the low-carbon economy, combined with the characteristics of food packaging industry of Anhui Province, the thesis is designed to explore some strategies of low-carbon transition of food packaging industry in Anhui Province from the aspects of constructing low-carbon social atmosphere, the formulating relevant ...

  12. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  13. Study on Bryophytes Flora in Tianma Nature Reserve of Anhui Province, China%天马自然保护区苔藓植物区系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师雪芹; 陈家伟

    2012-01-01

    通过调查,天马自然保护区共有苔藓植物50科94属176种.保护区优势科为真藓科Bryaceae、曲尾藓科Dicranaceae、青藓科Brachytheciaceae、灰藓科Hypnaceae、提灯藓科Mniaceae、光萼苔科Porellaceae、锦藓科Sematophyllaceae、金发藓科Polytrichaceae、羽藓科Thuidiaceae和绢藓科Entodontaceae;优势属为光萼苔属Porella、曲柄藓属Campylopus、凤尾藓属Fissidens、真藓属Bryum、匐灯藓属Plagiomnium、泽藓属Philonotis和绢藓属Entodon.区系成分以东亚成分为主(37.04%),温带成分次之(33.33%),热带成分较少(25.31%).%176 species belonging to 94 genera in 50 families of bryophyte are reported in Tianma Nature Reserve located in the west of Anhui province. The predominant families are Bryaceae, Dicranaceae, Brachytheciaceae, Hypnaceae, Mniaceae, Porellaceae, Sematophyllaceae, Polytrichaceae, Thuidiaceae and Entodontaceae; predominant genera are Porella , Campylopus, Fissidens , Bryum , Plagiomnium , Philonotis , Entodon . Based on the analysis of geographic elements of species, the result shows the East Asiatic element is dominant, accounting for about 37. 04% , the temperate element accounts 33. 33% of the whole bryophyte flora and the proportion of the tropical element is 25.31 % .

  14. 安徽省学生隐孢子虫感染特征的研究%STUDY ON CHARACTERISTIC OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM INFECTION AMONG STUDENTS IN ANHUI PROVINCE, CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许礼发; 李朝品; 张荣波; 王晓秋

    2005-01-01

    Objective To investigate the infection of Cryptosporidium and its epidemiological characteristics in some areas of Anhui Province, China, so as to provide scientific evidence for prevention and controlling of cryptosporidiosis. Methods 4 048 samples of fresh stool obtained from the students who were studying in 76 schools of 11 areas in Anhui Province were detected for oocyst of Cryptosporidium by auramine-phenol stain and intensified acid fast stain respectively. Results The total infection rate of Cryptosporidium was 1.33%(54/4048). The infectious rates of oocyst in stools of infants, pupils, middle school students, college students were 3.15%(28/889), 0.82%(9/1098), 0.82%(9/1092), 0.83%(8/969) respectively. Compared with the other groups, infancies have a higher infectious rate of oocyst (P0.05). The infectious rate of oocyst in students of urban areas (0.75%) was significantly lower than that in rural areas (1.78%) (P0.05).城、乡学生隐孢子虫检出率分别为0.75%(13/1740)和1.78%(41/2308),差异有显著性(P<0.01).隐孢子虫感染以亚临床感染为主,主要临床表现为间断性轻度腹痛、轻度腹泻、稀便. 结论安徽省学生隐孢子虫感染以幼儿多见,农村较城市多见;隐孢子虫病缺乏特异的临床表现,亚临床感染是其主要表现形式,易误诊和漏诊.

  15. Measurement and Analysis of Production Performance of Rural Households in Jinzhai County, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Can

    2004-01-01

    Using a multi-input multi-output production technology and survey data from Jinzhai County, western Anhui Province, China, the author first measured the production performance of rural households - their efficiency, economy of scale, and productivity during 1978-1997, and then related the measured production performance with institutional change, market access, and other factors. Preliminary results show that: 1) performance differs a great deal across households and over time; 2) institutional changes and market accessibility have played a major role in improving performance; 3) depending on the specific resources, their effects are variable.

  16. 安徽省化肥面源污染环境风险分析%Environmental Risk Analyses of Non-Point Source Pollution From Fertilization in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘钦普

    2015-01-01

    Anhui, being one of the major agricultural provinces in China, is faced with a series of environmental problems, of which non-point source pollution from chemical fertilizationin farmlands is one. In order to better understand the potential threats of fertilization to the rural ecosystem and agricultural sustainable development in Anhui Province, Chi-na, environmental risk assessment ( ERA ) of fertilization was conducted. An index model for environmental risk assessment of non-point source pollution from fertilization was established and spatio-temporal variation of fertilization and environmental risk of non-point source pollution from fertilization in Anhui was analyzed. Results show that in Anhui of 2013, the total chemical fertilization intensity was 853. 6 kg·hm-2 on average; the environmental risk index of the non-point source pollution from chemical fertilization was 0. 72; the total environmental pollution risk ranked moderate; N :P : K in fertilization was 1 : 0. 52 : 0. 49;the environmental risk index of N, P and K single-element fertilizers was 0. 72, 0. 78 and 0. 65, respectively;the environmental risk of the three kinds of single-element fertilizers ranked moderate, seri-ous and light, respectively;and their spatio-temporal distribution displayed an obvious aggregation effect. In the 16 prefec-ture-leveled cities, the problem of excessive fertilizationin farmlands existed universally. Though varying sharply from region to region in severity, it displayed a specific pattern of distribution. Environmental risk was very serious in Huainan, serious in Bengbu, Lu′an, Wuhu and Tongling, and moderate in the rest of the cities.%为了深入了解化肥施用对农村生态环境的威胁,在综合考虑化肥施用强度、效率、生态安全标准、环境效应权数及作物复种指数等多种因素的基础上,构建了化肥面源污染环境风险评价指数模型,对安徽省化肥施用时空分异与面源污染环境风险进行研究.

  17. GIS-based Risk Zone of Flood Hazard in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the flood disaster risks in Anhui Province based on GIS. [Method] Taking country as basic unit, the 1∶ 250 000 basic geographic data in Anhui Province as basis, from the angle of flood disaster hazard and economic vulnerability, and by dint of the calculation of the weight of each impact factor with entropy-based fuzzy AHP method, flood risk assessment model was established to study the flood disaster risks zoning in Anhui Province. Using nearly 10 years of disaster informat...

  18. The Strategic Study on Low-carbon Transformation of Food Packaging Industry of Anhui Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Wang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available For exploring low-carbon development of packaging industry of Anhui province and abating gradual deterioration of global energy, environment and climate. Based on the related theory of the low-carbon economy, combined with the characteristics of food packaging industry of Anhui Province, the thesis is designed to explore some strategies of low-carbon transition of food packaging industry in Anhui Province from the aspects of constructing low-carbon social atmosphere, the formulating relevant policies and regulations, developing actively low-carbon food packaging technology, training and the introducing advanced food packaging professionals and establishing the evaluation system low-carbon food packaging in order to provide some reference for promoting the sustainable and healthy economic development in Anhui Province.

  19. High risk factors for severe hand, foot and mouth disease: A multicenter retrospective survey in Anhui Province China, 2008-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Jiahua Pan; Mingwu Chen; Xuzhong Zhang; Yulong Chen; Hui Liu; Wei Shen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: This study sought to determine the high risk factors for severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Materials and Methods: Retrospective 229 severe HFMD cases from four hospitals in FuYang, HeFei, and BoZhou (Anhui Provincial Hospital, Fuyang City People′s Hospital, No. 2 People′s Hospital of Fuyang and Bozhou city People′s Hospital) in 2008-2009 were studied, with 140 mild HFMD cases in the same area. Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, the high risk...

  20. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  1. Causes of and strategies to nurses' stressors working at hemodialysis centers in Anhui Province of China%安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源调查分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶明芬; 周健美; 王翠珍; 王金宝; 施飞; 刘俊

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the causes of nurses' stress so as to provide evidence for the reduction of labor pressure.Methods A total of 302 nurses from 27 hemodialysis centers in Anhui Province of China were required to complete questionnaires about labor stress.Results Work load,time distribution,nursing professional or working experiences,healthcare of the patients,environment and resources,management,and interpersonal relationship showed relatively higher average scores.In general,average pressure levd was 2.50 ± 0.99.Those with different specialty or seniority were found to have statistically significant stress differences in working environment,resources and patiem care (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Nurses working in hemodialysis centers of Anhui Province may have higher labor stress due to diverse factors.Stress from working environment,resources and patient care is closely related to length of service.%目的 通过问卷调查安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源及其相关因素,为采取有效的应对措施减轻护士工作压力提供依据.方法 采用中国护士工作压力源量表和血液净化中心护士基本情况调查表对安徽省27家医院血液净化中心的302名护士进行问卷调查.结果 血液净化中心护士工作压力源平均分数由高到低分别为工作量及时间分配、护理专业及工作、患者护理、环境及资源、管理及人际关系,总的平均压力程度为2.50±0.99.不同专业工作年限护士在工作环境及资源、患者护理方面的压力差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 安徽省血液净化护士压力大,影响因素多,工作环境及资源与患者护理带给护士的压力与护士工作年限相关.今后应通过改善环境、提高护士待遇、对护士进行分层培训等降低护士工作压力,提高护理质量.

  2. High risk factors for severe hand, foot and mouth disease: A multicenter retrospective survey in Anhui Province China, 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiahua Pan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study sought to determine the high risk factors for severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD. Materials and Methods: Retrospective 229 severe HFMD cases from four hospitals in FuYang, HeFei, and BoZhou (Anhui Provincial Hospital, Fuyang City People′s Hospital, No. 2 People′s Hospital of Fuyang and Bozhou city People′s Hospital in 2008-2009 were studied, with 140 mild HFMD cases in the same area. Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, the high risk factors of HFMD were identified by comparing clinical and laboratory findings between severe cases and mild cases. Results: There was a significant difference in age, total duration of fever, rate of respiratory and heart, shake of limbs, white blood cell count, blood sugar, and CK-MB between the two groups. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that severe cases were associated with age (<3 years, withdrawnness and lethargy, shake of limbs, tachycardia, total leukocyte count (≥17×10 9 /l, blood sugar (≥7 mmol/l, and CK-MB (≥16 mmol/l. Furthermore, age (<3 years, withdrawnness, and lethargy, shake of limbs, WBC (≥17×10 9 /l, and CK-MB (≥16 mmol/l were found to be high risk factors for severe cases after multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: Clinicians should give importance to these risk factors. Early recognition of children at risk and timely intervention is the key to reduce acute mortality and morbidity.

  3. Evaluation of Water Resource Potential in Anhui Province Based on Allocation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhenyu; XU; Yanlin; ZHOU

    2013-01-01

    The nature of water resources can be divided into four categories:water for life,water for agriculture,water for industry,and water for ecology.On this basis,the regional right allocation model for water resources is built,and to make the model more operable,we calculate the weight of the key factors of model(four different types of water use:life,agriculture,industry,ecology),using analytic hierarchy process(AHP).Finally,based on the amount of available water resources in Anhui Province,we evaluate the water resource potential in Anhui Province according to the principle of rational allocation.

  4. Study on the Change of Land Use and Landscape Pattern in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the statistical data concerning land use in Anhui Province from 1995 to 2005, this paper conduct comprehensive analysis on change of land use structure, change of land use degree, and landscape pattern change of land use in Anhui Province from 1995 to 2005 using statistical analysis and mathematical model. The results show that the land use structure has changed significantly; the rate of land use change is quick; the land use degree is not high; the spatial pattern of land use tends to be reasonable and gradually develops toward the equilibrium state.

  5. 安徽省盾蚧科一新属一新种记述(半翅目:蚧总科)%Description of a New Genus and New Species of Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴世君

    2011-01-01

    记述盾蚧科1新属——钝刺盾蚧属Mammilla,gen.nov.,并记述1新种:金寨钝刺盾蚧M.jinzhaiensis,sp.nov..模式标本保存于安徽工业大学.%Type species: Mammilla jinzhaiensis, sp. nov.The new genus is close to Megacanthaspis Takagi, 1961 and Poliaspoides MacGillivray, 1921, but can be distinguished by lacking a perivulvar pore and having 4 microtubular duct groups in venter. It also differs from the other genus in this family by presence of the marginal mammilla spine.Mammilla jinzhaiensis, sp. nov. (Figs 1-16)Scales of females elongate 1.6-2.0 mm long, 0.6-0.7 mm wide. White in color, one exuviae apical, elliptical, pale yellow-brown.Body of the adult female elongate, pale yellow, about 1.3-1.8 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm wide, the apex of head somewhat sclerotized; margin and submargin of pygidium heavily sclerotized with radialized carinae mammary-like spine present along body margin.Dorsal surface: The dorsal ducts of one type, two-barred, arranged in rows in abdominal segments, irregular in the cephalo-thoracic region. Simple pores and minute setae sparse.Ventral surface: Antennae tubercular, with two long setaes and one short seta. Ventral ducts of two types: small ducts and minute ducts. Small ducts distributed in submargin, microducts numerous, forming 4 groups around anterior and posterior spiracular, and with irregular distribution on venter. Anterion and posterior the spiracular of near with quinquelocular pores 4-5, the dens of spiracular with quinquelocular pores 10-12.Apex of abdomen: The pygidial end subcircular, with a marked "∧"-like notch, each side of the notch with 1 pointed spine, 2 spines with round apex. Anal ring little and circular. With 2 minute setae located on the dorsum of the notch centered. Vulvar on the ventral surface of notch, without perivulvar pores.Holotype: ♀, Jinzhai County, Anhui Province, China, 18-VIII-2005, WU Shi-jun; Paratypes: 8♀♀, same data as the holotype.

  6. Evaluation of the Consistency of MODIS Land Cover Product (MCD12Q1 Based on Chinese 30 m GlobeLand30 Datasets: A Case Study in Anhui Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Liang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Land cover plays an important role in the climate and biogeochemistry of the Earth system. It is of great significance to produce and evaluate the global land cover (GLC data when applying the data to the practice at a specific spatial scale. The objective of this study is to evaluate and validate the consistency of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS land cover product (MCD12Q1 at a provincial scale (Anhui Province, China based on the Chinese 30 m GLC product (GlobeLand30. A harmonization method is firstly used to reclassify the land cover types between five classification schemes (International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP global vegetation classification, University of Maryland (UMD, MODIS-derived Leaf Area Index and Fractional Photosynthetically Active Radiation (LAI/FPAR, MODIS-derived Net Primary Production (NPP, and Plant Functional Type (PFT of MCD12Q1 and ten classes of GlobeLand30, based on the knowledge rule (KR and C4.5 decision tree (DT classification algorithm. A total of five harmonized land cover types are derived including woodland, grassland, cropland, wetland and artificial surfaces, and four evaluation indicators are selected including the area consistency, spatial consistency, classification accuracy and landscape diversity in the three sub-regions of Wanbei, Wanzhong and Wannan. The results indicate that the consistency of IGBP is the best among the five schemes of MCD12Q1 according to the correlation coefficient (R. The “woodland” LAI/FPAR is the worst, with a spatial similarity (O of 58.17% due to the misclassification between “woodland” and “others”. The consistency of NPP is the worst among the five schemes as the agreement varied from 1.61% to 56.23% in the three sub-regions. Furthermore, with the biggest difference of diversity indices between LAI/FPAR and GlobeLand30, the consistency of LAI/FPAR is the weakest. This study provides a methodological reference for evaluating the

  7. Lower Cretaceous angiosperm leaf from Wuhe in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A new early angiosperm leaf species is reported from the Xinzhuang Formation in Wuhe County, Anhui Province. It is probably of Barremian or slightly later in geological age. The fossil leaf is small, no more than 0.6 cm both in length and in width. The leaf veins are well preserved and clearly visible under a low power microscope. Leaf architectural analysis shows that such a leaf should belong to the first leaf rank of Hickey, I.e. The most primitive one. There are no early angiosperm leaves published completely similar to ours. A new species name of Dicotylophyllum minutissimum sp. Nov. Is established for the present leaf fossils.

  8. Epidemiology, clinical and laboratory characteristics of currently alive HIV-1 infected former blood donors naive to antiretroviral therapy in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Jian-qing; SU Bing; DING Xin-ping; GAO Bing; GU Yong-bin; CAO Xiao-yun; XING Hui; HONG Kun-xue; PENG Hong; ZHAO Quan-bi; YUAN Lin; WANG Jian-jun; FENG Yi; ZHANG Gui-yun; MA Li-ying; WU Lan; SHAO Yi-ming; HAN Li-feng; XU Chen; RUAN Yu-hua; XU Zhen-hou; CHEN Xi; LIU Zhen-dong; WANG Jun

    2006-01-01

    Background Unregulated commercial blood/plasma collection among farmers occurred between 1992 and 1995 in central China and caused the second major epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)infection in China. It is important to characterize HIV-1-infected former blood donors and to study characteristics associated with disease progression for future clinical intervention and vaccine development.Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on HIV-1-infected former blood donors (FBDs) and age-matched HIV-seronegative local residents. Demographic, epidemiologic, clinical and key laboratory data were collected from all study participants. Both unadjusted and adjusted multivariate linear regressions were employed to analyze the association of the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts with other characteristics.Results Two hundred and ninety-four HIV-1-infected FBDs and 59 age-matched HIV-seronegative local residents were enrolled in this study. The unregulated blood/plasma collection occurred more than a decade (10.8- 12.8 years) ago, which caused the rapid spread of HIV-1 infection and the high prevalence of co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV, 89.5%); hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection was observed in only 11 HIV+participants (3.7%). Deterioration in both clinical manifestation and laboratory parameters and increase of viral loads were observed in parallel with the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts. The decrease of total lymphocyte counts (P<0.001)and hemoglobin levels (P<0.001) and the appearance of dermatosis (P=0.03) were observed in parallel with the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts whereas viral loads (P<0.001) and CD8+ T-cell counts (P=0.01) were inversely associated with CD4+ T-cell counts.Conclusions Co-infection with HCV but not HBV is highly prevalent among HIV-1-infected FBDs. CD4+ T-cell counts is a reliable indicator for disease progression among FBDs. Total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin level and appearance of dermatosis were positively

  9. Origin and evolution of ore-forming fluids in the Hemushan magnetite-apatite deposit, Anhui Province, Eastern China, and their metallogenic significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Gan; Zhang, Zhiyu; Du, Yangsong; Pang, Zhenshan; Zhang, Yanwen; Jiang, Yongwei

    2015-12-01

    The Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt in the northern Yangtze Block is one of the most important economic mineral districts in China. The Hemushan deposit is a medium-class Fe deposit located in the southern part of the Ningwu iron ore district of the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt. The Fe-orebodies are mainly hosted in the contact zone between diorite and Triassic marble. The actinolite-phlogopite-apatite-magnetite ore shows metasomatic/filling textures and disseminated/mesh-vein structures. Based on evidences and petrographic observations, the ore-forming process can be divided into three distinct periods-the early metallogenic period (albite-diopside stage), the middle metallogenic period (magnetite stage and hematite stage), and the late metallogenic period (quartz-pyrite stage and carbonate stage). Fluid inclusion studies show four types of inclusions: type I daughter mineral-bearing three-phase inclusions (L + V + S), type II vapor-rich two-phase inclusions (L + V), type III liquid-rich two phase inclusions (L + V), and minor type IV liquid-phase inclusions (L). Apatites from the magnetite stage contain type I, type II and type III inclusions; anhydrites from the hematite stage mainly contain abundant type II inclusions and relatively less type I inclusions; quartz and calcite from the late metallogenic stage are mainly characterized by type III inclusions. Laser Raman spectroscopy and microthermometry of fluid inclusions show that the ore-forming fluids broadly correspond to unsaturated NaCl-H2O system. From the magnetite stage to the carbonate stage, the ore-forming fluids evolved from moderate-high temperature (average 414 °C), moderate salinity (average 25.01 wt.% NaCl equiv.) conditions to low temperature (average 168 °C), low salinity (average 6.18 wt.% NaCl equiv.) conditions. Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic studies indicate that the ore-forming fluid during the early stage of middle metallogenic period was mainly of magmatic

  10. Loess-soil sequences in southern Anhui Province: Magneto stratigraphy and paleoclimatic significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Yansong; GUO Zhengtang; HAO Qingzhen; WU Wenxiang; JIANG Wenying; YUAN Baoyin; ZHANG Zhongshi; WEI Jianjing; ZHAO Hua

    2003-01-01

    Two parallel loess-soil sequences from Xuancheng and Fanchang in southern Anhui Province are dated using geomagnetic and luminescence methods. The Brunhes/Matuyama (B/M) reversal boundary is recognized within the lower part of the so-called Vermiculated Red Soil (VRS) in the Xuancheng section while the entire Fanchang sequence is of Brunhes age. This indicates that the most recent VRS in southern China, a stratigraphic marker and an indication of extremely warm-humid conditions, was formed during the middle Pleistocene, chronologically correlative with the S4 and S5 soil units in northern China. Microscopic and sedimentologic investigations reveal that eolian deposition started in this region at about 0.85 MaBP, roughly synchronous with the well-known Mid-Pleistocene climate change of global significance. The strengthening of both summer and winter monsoon circulations and the consequent river hydrological changes at that time would have provided favorable conditions for sustained eolian deposition in the middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River since 0.85 MaBP.

  11. Characteristics of PAHs Contamination in Soil and Vegetable in Typical City Outskirt of Anhui Province, China%安徽省典型城市周边土壤-蔬菜中PAHs的污染特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜红建; 魏俊岭; 马静静; 郑彬

    2012-01-01

    Residual levels of polyaromatic hydrocarbons(PAIIs) in 38 vegetable soils, as well as bioaccumulation of PAHs from soils to different vegetables in Hefei, Wuhu and Rozhou cities of Anhui Province were investigated by using accelerated solvent extraction and high performance liquid chromatography methods. Results revealed that the levels of total 15 PAHs( except Nap) in surface soils(0~20 cm) collected from different vegetable bases were ranged from 58.2 μg·kg-1 to 437.8 ·μg·kg-1, and the amounts of three and four rings PAHs were more than 70% of the total PAHs tested in soils. The contents of 15 PAHs in carrot, spinach and eggplant were ranged from 23.4 μg·kg-1 to 209.1 μg· kg-1 with the mean level of 120.7μg·kg-1. The quantities of low molecular PAHs(three and four rings) were higher than the high molecular PAHs(five and six rings) detected in vegetables, and three and four rings PAHs were between 92.8% and 94.4% of the total PAHs detected in vegetables. Eight carcinogen PAHs contents were ranged from 11.5 μg·kg-1 to 17.4 μg·kg-1, occupying 9.80% to 13.8% of total PAHs tested in vegetables. The contents of BaP in vegetables were lower than the Chinese standard limits of 5μg·kg-1 in food. The bioaccumulation factors(BAFs) of 15 PAHs in different vegetables were ranged from 0.10 to 9.20, and the highest BAFs of PAHs in vegetables were ten times higher than the lowest one. The BAFs of PAHs in vegetable were in the order of:carrot>spinach>eggplant. The highest BAFs in vegetable were Fle, which was 9.20, 7.07 and 5.48 in carrot, spinach and eggplant respectively. Results from this study provided invaluable data for judging soil quality and vegetable safety in Anhui Province of China.%研究了安徽省合肥、芜湖和亳州市周边蔬菜地土壤和蔬菜中PAHs的含量及其污染特征.结果表明:安徽省典型蔬菜地土壤中15种PAHs(除萘外)的残留总量在58.2~437.8μg·kg-1之间,三环和四环PAHs占PAHs残留总量的70%

  12. Characteristics of the eukaryotic community structure in acid mine drainage lake in Anhui Province, China%安徽某铁矿酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娜; 郝春博; 王丽华; 李思远; 冯传平

    2012-01-01

    [目的]研究酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构特征以及群落结构与环境因子之间的关系.[方法]利用分子生物学方法,通过构建18S rRNA基因克隆文库进行系统发育分析;利用典范对应分析(CCA)方法解析环境因子对真核生物群落结构的影响.[结果]系统发育分析表明:子囊菌门(Ascomycota)普遍存在于4个样品中,并在样品1和样品3中占统治地位,而绿藻门(Chlorophyta)和担子菌门(Basidiomycota)分别为样品2和样品4的优势类群.该酸性矿山废水中的克隆与许多已知的耐酸耐重金属真核生物亲缘关系较近,如Sarcinomyces petricola、Penicillium janthinellum、Coniochaeta velutina、Trichoderma viride、Chlorella protothecoides var.acidicola、Ochromonas sp.等.此外,样品中还存在大量的已知人类病原菌,如Lecythophora hoffmannii、Cryptococcus neoformans.CCA分析表明:TN、SO24-、Fe2+、Eh是影响真核生物群落空间分布的主要因素.[结论]所研究的酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构在时间和空间上均有较大差异,这可能与水体的理化性质有关;高含量人类致病菌的存在是之前研究所未发现的;酸性环境中真核生物的生态学研究有助于开发高效处理酸性矿山废水的方法.%[Objective] We characterized eukaryotic community structure and the relationship between the community structure and environmental factors in acidic mine drainage (AMD) lake of a sulfide mine in Anhui Province, China. [Methods] The 18S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed by using molecular biology techniques to analyze the eukaryotic phylogenetic relationships, and the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was used to analyze the relationship between the community structure and environmental factors. [Results] The phylogenetic analysis shows that Ascomycota is widespread in the four samples and dominated in the AMD-1 and AMD-3 clone libraries, whereas Chlorophyta and

  13. Change of Tourism Policy and Its Spatial Response of Anhui Province, China%安徽省旅游政策变迁及其空间响应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩卢敏; 陆林; 杨兴柱

    2016-01-01

    The evolution of tourism spatial structure was impacted profoundly by institutional elements in addi-tion to resource endowments, levels of economic development, transportation and other factors. Based on the perspective of supply demand analysis, this article constructed the theoretical framework of tourism policy change and its spatial response, according to the path dependence theory and the interest groups theory of new institutional economics. We explored the path and motivation of tourism policy change to reveal the inner link between the tourism policy change and the development of the tourism spatial structure. And meanwhile, we took Anhui Province as an example, according to the different stages of the development of tourism industry, the change of tourism policy was divided into three periods:the formation period, the intensive period and the coordination and integration period, whose spatial response of the tourism industry was point pattern, single plate pattern and multi plate spatial pattern, respectively. We found that in the background of China's economic system transition, the tourism development was converted from the government-led to the market-led, tourism policies motivated the interest groups to invest tourism nodes, transportation facilities and so on, through its ef-fect mechanism in different periods, and promoted the evolution of tourism spatial pattern from the point pat-tern to the plate pattern, the spatial response intensity of the tourism policy depended on the degree of govern-ment information and the degree of incentive of the policy to the interest groups.%借助于经济学供给需求分析视角,构建旅游政策变迁及其空间响应的理论框架,根据新制度经济学路径依赖理论和利益集团理论,探寻旅游政策变迁的路径和动因,揭示旅游政策变迁和旅游空间结构发展演化的内在联系.并以安徽省为例,根据改革开放之后安徽省旅游业发展的不同阶段,将旅游政

  14. Quaternary Volcanic Activities in Shandong Peninsula and Northern Parts of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洪汉; 高维明; 等

    1990-01-01

    Quaternary volcanic rocks often coexist with loess,as observed in the same geologic sections in the Shandong Peninsula and northern parts of Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.The development age of Shandong loess in close to that in the middle reaches of the Yellow River.Loess strata are of synchronous implication in the loess belt of North China.So the ages of volcanic activities can be es-timated approximately from the stratigraphic relations between loess layers and volcanic rocks.The re-sults of dating of the Quaternary volcanic rocks,baked layers and the TL dates of loess samples sug-gest that the Quaternary volcanic activity can be divided into 4 stages in the region studied,with the ages being 1.15-1.03,0.86-0.72,0.55-0.33 and 0.02 Ma B.P.respectively .The occurrence of tephra in the Shandong loess sections is possible due to multiple episodes of volcanism during the Quaternary time.

  15. 安徽省七种蜜蜂病毒的发生与流行研究%Occurrence and distribution of seven bee viruses in Apis mellifera andApis cerana in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪天澍; 施腾飞; 刘芳; 余林生; 齐磊; 孟祥金

    2015-01-01

    [目的]调查安徽省内7种常见蜜蜂病毒:蜜蜂畸翅病毒(Deformed wing virus,DWV)、以色列急性麻痹病毒(Israeli acute paralysis virus,IAPV)、急性蜜蜂麻痹病毒(Acute bee paralysis virus,ABPV)、慢性麻痹病毒(Chronic bee paralysis virus,CBPV)、黑蜂王台病毒(Black queen cell virus,BQCV)、囊状幼虫病病毒(Sacbrood virus,SBV)、克什米尔病毒(Kashmir bee virus,KBV)的感染发生情况,为安徽养蜂业可持续健康发展提供理论依据.[方法] 运用反转录 RT-PCR 和序列分析比对的方法对安徽省内 21 个乡镇中的 38 个蜂场蜜蜂样品进行研究分析,以获得以上 7 种蜜蜂病毒的特异性发生情况.[结果]意大利蜜蜂Apis mellifera蜂场感染率:DWV(64%),IAPV(43%),CBPV(32%),ABPV(14%), BQCV(11%);中华蜜蜂Apis cerana蜂场感染率:DWV (80%),IAPV (40%),CBPV (30%),ABPV (10%), BQCV(0).SBV和KBV在所有的蜜蜂样品中均未检测到.[结论] DWV,IAPV,CBPV,ABPV,BQCV在安徽省内大范围都存在发生流行现象,SBV和KBV对安徽蜜蜂的潜在危害可能性小.%[Objectives] To conduct the first detailed survey of seven bee viruses; deformed wing virus (DWV), sacbrood virus (SBV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), black queen cell virus (BQCV), Kashmir bee virus (KBV), and Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV), inApis mellifera andA. Cerana in Anhui. We hope this work will help bee researchers and related institutions monitor honey bee health in Anhui, and warn them of the potential threat from bee viruses to the sustainable development of apiculture in that province.[Methods] We used reverse transcriptase PCR and sequence analysis to survey the above seven honey bee viruses in most of Anhui. Samples of worker bees were collected from apiaries in 21 towns, including 28 samples ofA. Mellifera and 10 ofA. Cerana.[Results] Virus frequencies inA. Mellifera samples were as follows; 64% of apiaries were infected with DWV, 43% with IAPV, 32

  16. Analysis of Comparative Advantages and Near Future Yield Trend of Four Kinds of Paddy in Anhui Province in China%安徽省四类稻谷比较优势及近期产量趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛承发; 岳永德

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyses the comparative advantages in 1997-1999 and predicts the near future production trend of 4 kinds of paddy in Anhui and other major producing provinces (including autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) in China. Among 5 factors the relative profit from growing rice X is significantly correlative to the ratios of gross paddy yield in 1999 to that in 1997 and in 1992, Y1 and Y2, respectively. However, none of the other 4 factors, i.e., unit yield, gross yield, net output per labour-day from rice-growing, and growers' annual income is significantly correlative to the ratios. The regression equations are calculated to be Y1=0.7800+0.1065X±0.2753 (r=0.4749,P<0.05) and Y2=0.5124+0.3401X±1.9703 (r=0.5344,P<0.02).These equations imply that an increase by 1 in the relative profit will probably result in a 10.65% and 34.01% of increase in the ratio of gross yield in 2 years and in 7 years, respectively. According to mean relative profit in 1998-1999,Hainan, Anhui and Hunan, among 9 major producing provinces in China, have the comparative advantage for production of early long-grained nonglutinous paddy. For semilate long-grained nonglutinous paddy, Yunnan, Guizhou, Henan, Shanxi, Anhui, Sichuan and Chongqing have the advantage among 10 major producing provinces. For late long-grained nonglutinous paddy, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang and Guangxi have the advantage among 9 major producing provinces. For round-grained paddy, Ningxia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Anhui, Yunnan, Henan, Shanghai, Liaoning, Shanxi, Hebei, and Jiangsu have the advantage among 16 major producing provinces. For different types of rice, an order of the comparative advantage arranged from maximum to minimum is round-grained, semilate long-grained, late long-grained, and early long-grained nonglutinous paddy, which reflects that rice of high quality meets the need in market. In general, rice production in Anhui province has the advantage in China

  17. Analysis of the Contribution of Total Factor Productivity to Agricultural Yield in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By analyzing data concerning agricultural development from 1981 to 2010 in Anhui Province,the total factor productivity and growth rate of agriculture from 1981 to 2010 are estimated empirically.By dividing years from 1981 to 2010 into several subintervals,this paper evaluates and analyzes initial stage of reform and opening up,soft landing stage,the stage of financial crisis,the stage of subprime mortgage crisis and the impact of all factors on total factor growth rate of agriculture.Then it analyzes the contribution of growth of total factor productivity to total yield of agricultural economy.The research finds that the growth of total factor productivity in Anhui Province is significant to agricultural development.

  18. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zhiwei

    2014-01-01

    Known as the “food of grain†, chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime, its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties (districts) of Anhui Province as samples, the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research show...

  19. Agricultural Eco-efficiency Evaluation in Anhui Province: An Empirical Analysis Based on DEA Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zunyi; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    According to the eco-efficiency theory, combined with agricultural production characteristics, I point out the environmental impact and substance energy consumption characteristics of agricultural production. Based on this, I establish the eco-efficiency evaluation indicator system for agricultural production, and conduct a comprehensive analysis on the agricultural eco-efficiency of 17 prefecture-level cities in Anhui Province, using data envelopment analysis method.

  20. Grey Correlation Between Agricultural Input Factors and Regional GDP Growth in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In order to analyze the relation between agricultural input factors and economic growth in Anhui Province,the evaluation index system of agricultural input is built from the perspectives of subject,object and tools based on grey system theory. The government investment in agricultural science and technology is selected as the index of labor subject,that is labor-related index(X1) ,the total sown area of crops is selected as the index of labor object(X2) ,the investment in rural water and electricity construction is chosen as the index of tools(X3) ,and the GDP of Anhui Province is denoted by X0. According to the relevant data,the improved model of grey correlation analysis is adopted to calculate the correlation among the investment in agricultural water and electricity construction,total sown area of crops,government investment in agricultural science and technology,and the GDP in Anhui Province during 2004-2008. Results show that investment in agricultural science and technology contribute the largest to GDP growth,the increase and change of the total sown area and the investment in rural water and electricity construction have a weak correlation with GDP,they are in a less consistent development trend. On this basis,the government of Anhui Province further proposes to increase the investment in agricultural science and technology,enhance the protection of arable lands,keep the total sown area of crops,and properly maintain the rural water and electricity construction.

  1. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  2. Change in Ecosystem Service Value Arising from Land Consolidation Planning in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shaojia; CAO; Chen; LI; Shuhua; CAO; Zhe; PENG; Lingli; YANG

    2013-01-01

    The evaluation of change in ecosystem service value arising from land consolidation planning is an important aspect of environmental impact assessment of land consolidation. By estimating the change in ecosystem service value before and after the implementation of land consolidation planning, it is able to quantitatively describe the change in ecosystem service value arising from land consolidation planning, so as to provide a quantitative basis for the environmental impact assessment of land consolidation. Taking the case of Anhui Province, the authors developed the equivalency factor table of ecosystem service value, to determine the economic value of single equivalency factor of ecological service value in the study area, calculate per unit area of ecological service value of land ecosystem in the study area, and research the change in ecosystem service value before and after the implementation of land consolidation planning in Anhui Province. The results show that after the implementation of a new round of land consolidation planning in Anhui Province, the total ecosystem service value may decrease to some extent, the farmland ecosystem service value substantially increases, while water body ecosystem service value greatly decreases.

  3. Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Y

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Yan Chen,1 Yaowen Kang,2 Weizhi Gong,3 Lianping He,1 Yuelong Jin,1 Xiaoyue Zhu,1 Yingshui Yao1 1School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 2Fushun Administrative College, Fushun, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China; 3Guangdong Polytechnic of Industry and Commerce, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Background and aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and prevalence of Internet addiction (IA in adolescents so as to provide a scientific basis for the communities, schools, and families.Methods: We conducted a survey by randomized cluster sampling on 5,249 students, grades ranging from 7 to 12, in Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. The questionnaire consisted of general information and IA test. Chi-square test was used to compare the status of IA disorder (IAD.Results: In our results, the overall detection rate of IAD and non-IAD in students was 8.7% (459/5,249 and 76.2% (4,000/5,249, respectively. The detection rate of IAD in males (12.3% was higher than females (4.9%. The detection rate of IAD was statistically different between students from rural (8.2% and urban (9.3% areas, among students from different grades, between students from only-child families (9.5% and non-only-child families (8.1%, and among students from different family types.Conclusion: Prevalence of IA is high among Chinese adolescents. IAD has more effect on male students, single-child families, single-parent families, and higher grade students. We should take more care of male students, only-child students, and students living with their fathers, and related education should be strengthen for susceptible subjects of IDA. Keywords: adolescents, addictive behavior, Internet, health surveys 

  4. 人民币汇率波动对安徽省外贸企业的影响%The Influence of the Fluctuations of RMB Exchange Rate on Foreign Trade Enterprise in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄润源

    2014-01-01

    随着安徽省经济对外开放水平的不断提升,人民币汇率的波动对安徽外贸的影响愈发显著。安徽作为我国中部崛起战略的重要经济增长极,其外贸企业合理应对汇率波动对于安徽的发展至关重要。本文采用PEST分析,通过研究安徽省经济发展水平及其产业布局结构,结合05年汇率改革以来人民币汇率走势和对于未来的预期。分析其对安徽外贸发展带来的现实影响,同时提出相应的措施建议。以期促进安徽省经济又好又快发展。%With the continuous opening of Anhui economy, the influence of the fluctuations of RMB exchange rate on foreign trade enterprises in Anhui is more and more prominent. Anhui is an important economic growth pole in the rise of central China strategy, so the rational handling of the fluctuations of RMB ex-change rate by foreign trade enterprises in Anhui is of great sig-nificance to Anhui development. Adopting PEST analysis, through studying the economic development level and industrial layout structure in Anhui Province, combined with the tendency and future expectations of RMB exchange rate since the exchange rate reform in 2005, this paper analyzed its influence on the de-velopment of foreign trade enterprises in Anhui, and proposed corresponding measures and suggestions, hoping to promote the sound and fast economic development in Anhui Province.

  5. Discussion on Deep Tectonic Background of Moderately Strong Earthquake in Anhui Province and Its Neighboring Areas Using Results of Seismic Tomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Jie; Shen Xiaoqi; Wang Xingzhou; Shen Yelong

    2006-01-01

    Using the latest results of seismic tomography, we studied the deep tectonic settings of the moderate and strong earthquakes in Anhui Province and its neighboring areas (28°~ 39°N,112°~ 124°E). The results are as follows: (1) There exists a certain correlation between the location of moderate-strong earthquake, the geologic structure of the surface and the partitioning of active tectonic elements with the upper-crust velocity structure. Most earthquakes recording M ≥ 6.0 occur in high-velocity zones or in the transitional areas between high-velocity and low-velocity zones in the upper crust. Seismicity in the low-velocity zone has a lesser impact. Earthquakes occuring in the high-velocity zone are distributed mainly in the velocity variation area. The boundary belts and the interior of the North China plain fault block are the main active sites of moderate-strong earthquakes. Beneath the fault basins in the western and northern sides of the block, the upper crust is characterized by a wide discontinuous distribution in the low-velocity zone, and in the transition zone from the low- to higl velocities, the moderate strong seismicity shows a zonal distribution where active faults are developed. The NW-extension Zhoukou-Hefei-Xuancheng low-velocity zone separates the high-velocity zones of Dabieshan Mountains and west Shandong-Anhui, and moderate-strong earthquakes on its northern side bordering the high-velocity zones are relatively frequent. This low-velocity zone is probably an important and deeply structured boundary between the North China and the South China tectonic provinces. (2) The frequent moderate-strong earthquake recorded in the past and the recent small earthquake activities in the Huoshan-Lu' an area are the result of a low-velocity zone in the middle crust beneath the central part of Dabieshan and the two sets of deep faults that cut through the crust. (3) In terms of deep structures, the distribution of moderate-strong earthquake in Anhui

  6. Anhui province exit employment research%安徽省出境就业研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世军; 李明发

    2011-01-01

    In recent years the domain of cross-border employment of AnhuiProvince has been broaden,the structure of it has been optimized,the scale of it has been constantly expanded but it still has great potential.At present there are someproblems in cross-border employment of Anhui Province,for example,themanagement system is vague,the labour service information transmission is seized up,the labour personnel training is insufficient and the hazard warning and precaution system is incomplete and so on.It should be improved from the aspects of government policy supporting,information network establishment,personnel training and risk guarding,and so on.%近年来安徽省出境就业领域拓宽、结构优化,出境就业规模不断扩大,但发展出境就业仍然具有很大潜力。目前安徽省出境就业存在管理体制不明、劳务信息传输不畅、劳务人员培训力度不够、风险预警及防范体系不全等问题,应从政府政策支持、信息网络建立、人员培训和风险防范等方面加以改进。

  7. Distribution and identification of cereal cyst nematodes on wheat in Anhui Province, China%安徽省小麦孢囊线虫的发生分布与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶玲; 吴慧平; 彭德良; 吴向晖; 张胜

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to survey distribution, species of cereal cyst nematode (CCN) and re lationship among CCN species in Anhui Province. White female of wheat root system in Huaibei wheat areas were investigated; soil samples of wheat rhizosphere were collected with "Zig-Zag" method in Huaiyuan county and other counties; cysts were separated by Fenwick & Oostenbrink method from those samples; second-stage juveniles (J2) were obtained by hatching cyst; CCN was identified based on morphologic characteristics of cyst perinea pattern and de-man data; and the genetic relationships were analyzed by amplified ITS characteristic fragment and phylogenetic tree built with MEGA5.05. The results showed that CCN was detected from 52% sam ple sites, from all the samples of wheat areas in the northern part of the Huai River, and from 7% sample sites in Jianghuai wheat areas. No CCN was detected from wheat areas in the southern part of the Changjiang River. Oc currence of CCN in Yingshang and other 4 counties were identified as Heterodera avenae, and occurrence area of H. Avenae was up to 41.6% of wheat areas in the northern part of the Huai River. Huaiyuan population of H.avenae is distantly related with other 4 H.avenae populations, and certain morphological differences exist among the 5 H.avenae populations, but with no consistency to the genetic relationships.%为了解小麦孢囊线虫(Cereal cyst nematode,CCN)在安徽省的分布和主要麦区CCN的种类,以及群体间关系,调查了淮北等麦区小麦根系白雌虫,用“Zig-Zag”法在怀远等地采集土样,用Fenwick & Oostenbrink 法分离土样中的孢囊并孵化得2龄幼虫,利用孢囊阴门锥形态及de-man法鉴定CCN种类,扩增ITS特征片段,用MEGA5.05构建系统发育树.结果表明,安徽省52%采样点检出CCN,淮河以北采样点均检出CCN,江淮麦区7%的采样点检出CCN,长江以南麦区采样点未检出CCN.发生在怀远、凤台、灵璧、界首和颍上麦区

  8. Geochemistry of environmentally sensitive trace elements in Permian coals from the Huainan coalfield, Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J.; Liu, Gaisheng; Jiang, M.; Chou, C.-L.; Li, H.; Wu, B.; Zheng, Lingyun; Jiang, D.

    2011-01-01

    To study the geochemical characteristics of 11 environmentally sensitive trace elements in the coals of the Permian Period from the Huainan coalfield, Anhui province, China, borehole samples of 336 coals, two partings, and four roof and floor mudstones were collected from mineable coal seams. Major elements and selected trace elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HAAS). The depositional environment, abundances, distribution, and modes of occurrence of trace elements were investigated. Results show that clay and carbonate minerals are the principal inorganic constituents in the coals. A lower deltaic plain, where fluvial channel systems developed successively, was the likely depositional environment of the Permian coals in the Huainan coalfield. All major elements have wider variation ranges than those of Chinese coals except for Mg and Fe. The contents of Cr, Co, Ni, and Se are higher than their averages for Chinese coals and world coals. Vertical variations of trace elements in different formations are not significant except for B and Ba. Certain roof and partings are distinctly higher in trace elements than underlying coal bench samples. The modes of occurrence of trace elements vary in different coal seams as a result of different coal-forming environments. Vanadium, Cr, and Th are associated with aluminosilicate minerals, Ba with carbonate minerals, and Cu, Zn, As, Se, and Pb mainly with sulfide minerals. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  9. Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yan; Kang, Yaowen; Gong, Weizhi; He, Lianping; Jin, Yuelong; Zhu, Xiaoyue; Yao, Yingshui

    2016-01-01

    Background and aim The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in adolescents so as to provide a scientific basis for the communities, schools, and families. Methods We conducted a survey by randomized cluster sampling on 5,249 students, grades ranging from 7 to 12, in Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. The questionnaire consisted of general information and IA test. Chi-square test was used to compare the status of IA disorder (IAD). Results In our results, the overall detection rate of IAD and non-IAD in students was 8.7% (459/5,249) and 76.2% (4,000/5,249), respectively. The detection rate of IAD in males (12.3%) was higher than females (4.9%). The detection rate of IAD was statistically different between students from rural (8.2%) and urban (9.3%) areas, among students from different grades, between students from only-child families (9.5%) and non-only-child families (8.1%), and among students from different family types. Conclusion Prevalence of IA is high among Chinese adolescents. IAD has more effect on male students, single-child families, single-parent families, and higher grade students. We should take more care of male students, only-child students, and students living with their fathers, and related education should be strengthen for susceptible subjects of IDA.

  10. Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yan; Kang, Yaowen; Gong, Weizhi; He, Lianping; Jin, Yuelong; Zhu, Xiaoyue; Yao, Yingshui

    2016-01-01

    Background and aim The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in adolescents so as to provide a scientific basis for the communities, schools, and families. Methods We conducted a survey by randomized cluster sampling on 5,249 students, grades ranging from 7 to 12, in Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. The questionnaire consisted of general information and IA test. Chi-square test was used to compare the status of IA disorder (IAD). Results In our results, the overall detection rate of IAD and non-IAD in students was 8.7% (459/5,249) and 76.2% (4,000/5,249), respectively. The detection rate of IAD in males (12.3%) was higher than females (4.9%). The detection rate of IAD was statistically different between students from rural (8.2%) and urban (9.3%) areas, among students from different grades, between students from only-child families (9.5%) and non-only-child families (8.1%), and among students from different family types. Conclusion Prevalence of IA is high among Chinese adolescents. IAD has more effect on male students, single-child families, single-parent families, and higher grade students. We should take more care of male students, only-child students, and students living with their fathers, and related education should be strengthen for susceptible subjects of IDA. PMID:27621633

  11. Assessment and distribution of antimony in soils around three coal mines, Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, C.; Liu, Gaisheng; Kang, Y.; Lam, P.K.S.; Chou, C.

    2011-01-01

    Thirty-three soil samples were collected from the Luling, Liuer, and Zhangji coal mines in the Huaibei and Huainan areas of Anhui Province, China. The samples were analyzed for antimony (Sb) by inductively coupled plasmaoptical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) method. The average Sb content in the 33 samples was 4 mg kg-1, which is lower than in coals from this region (6.2 mg kg-1). More than 75% of the soils sampled showed a significant degree of Sb pollution (enrichment factors [EFs] 5-20). The soils collected near the gob pile and coal preparation plant were higher in Sb content than those collected from residential areas near the mines. The gob pile and tailings from the preparation plant were high in mineral matter content and high in Sb. They are the sources of Sb pollution in surface soils in the vicinity of coal mines. The spatial dispersion of Sb in surface soil in the mine region shows that Sb pollution could reach out as far as 350 m into the local environment conditions. Crops in rice paddies may adsorb some Sb and reduce the Sb content in soils from paddyfields. Vertical distribution of Sb in two soil profiles indicates that Sb is normally relatively immobile in soils. ?? 2011 Air & Waste Management Association.

  12. Study of the Highly-skilled Talent Training Mode for Business English Major Rural Students: A Case Study of Higher Vocational Colleges in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Min

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes an in-depth study of the reasons for employment problems of Business English major rural students in Anhui Province, and sets forth the appropriate highly-skilled Business English talent training mode and the corresponding recommendations.

  13. [Study on the traditional lime mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Guo-Feng; Sun, Sheng; Wang, Cheng-Xing; Zhang, Bing-Jian; Chen, Xi-Min

    2013-07-01

    The traditional lime mortar was investigated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR). The results show that the mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province was the organic-inorganic composite materials composed of lime with tung oil or sticky rice. It was found that the excellent performance of the tung oil-lime mortar can be explained by the compact lamellar organic-inorganic composite structure that was produced by carbonization reaction of lime, cross-linking reactions of tung oil and oxygen and complexing reaction of Ca2+ and -COO-. The compact micro-structure of sticky rice-lime mortar, which was produced due to carbonation process of lime controlled by amylopectin, should be the cause of the good performance of this kind of organic-inorganic mortar.

  14. Cyclostratigraphy of the Induan (Early Triassic) in West Pingdingshan Section,Chaohu,Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Induan sequence in the West Pingdingshan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province, displays a series of superimposed mudstone/limestone cycles. The lithological character of the cycles, combined with power spectral and wavelet analysis of magnetic susceptibility readings, reveals 12 short eccentricity and 56 precession Milankovitch cycles - obliquity cycles are not apparent. The uniformity of cycle thicknesses indicates a stable depositional setting making this section ideal to perform various geo-logical studies. Accordingly, the Induan Stage is estimated to have lasted 1.1 Ma, and the depositional rate for this part of the section is about 3.7 cm/ka. This places the Induan-Olenekian boundary in the West Pingdingshan Section at about 251.5 Ma based on an age of 252.6 Ma for the Permian-Triassic boundary.

  15. Evaluation System Construction of Rural Comprehensive Reform Effect in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the perspective of rural comprehensive reform effect and evaluation standard in Anhui Province,according to the experience of relevant regions at home and abroad,we analyze the necessity,reform idea and objective of new round of rural comprehensive reform,in order to review the effect of main policies and measures in the process of reform and construct all-around index system of evaluating comprehensive reform effect scientifically.The results show that by constructing quantified index system including 6 first-level indices,23 second-level indices and 106 third-level indices,we can not only test the effect of one item of reform(like rural compulsory education),but also conduct overall evaluation on effect of comprehensive reform.

  16. Molecular identification and seasonal infections of species of Fasciola in ruminants from two provinces in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, W; Liu, J-M; Lu, K; Li, H; Duan, M-M; Feng, J-T; Hong, Y; Liu, Y-P; Zhou, Y; Tong, L-B; Lu, J; Zhu, C-G; Jin, Y-M; Cheng, G-F; Lin, J-J

    2016-05-01

    We determined the prevalence and seasonality of infections by Fasciola of goats and bovine species (cattle and water buffalo) in Hubei and Anhui provinces of China. Faecal samples were collected at 2- to 3-month intervals from 200 goats in Hubei province and from 152 bovine species in Anhui province. All faecal samples were examined for the presence of parasites. We determined the nucleotide sequences of the first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS-1 and ITS-2) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 39 Fasciola worms from Anhui province. The prevalence of Fasciola infection in goats ranged between 3.5 and 37.0%, with mean eggs per gram (EPG) ranging between 29.0 and 166.0. Prevalence and EPG exhibited downward trends over time with significant differences. The prevalence of Fasciola infection in cattle ranged between 13.3 and 46.2% (mean EPG, 36.4-100.0), and that of water buffalo ranged between 10.3 and 35.4% (mean EPG, 25.0-89.6), with a higher prevalence of infection and EPG from June to October compared with December to March. Analysis of ITS-1 and ITS-2 sequences revealed that F. hepatica and F. gigantica were present in all bovine species of Anhui province and that F. gigantica mainly infected water buffalo. This is the first demonstration of Fasciola infection in Hubei province and detection of F. hepatica and F. gigantica in Anhui province. The present study of Hubei province shows that mass treatment of livestock with closantel sodium injections in April and August/September controlled Fasciola infection effectively. PMID:26123576

  17. A New Bird Record of Locustella ochotensis in Anhui Province%安徽省鸟类分布新纪录——北蝗莺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯银续; 秦维泽; 虞磊; 杨龙婴

    2013-01-01

    2009年10月在安徽省合肥市中国科学技术大学校园(117.269 815 E,31.836 733 N)救护北蝗莺(Locustella ochotensis)1只,痊愈后放生,拍留照片.经核实,该鸟为安徽省鸟类分布新记录.北蝗莺在安徽的发现对于研究其地理分布和迁徙通道具有重要的意义.%One LocusteUa ochotensis was found and rescued in University of Science and Technology of China (117.269 815 E, 31.836 733 N) in Hefei of Anhui Province in October, 2009. With the help of the fauna literature, this bird was recognized as a new bird record in Anhui Province , which is helpful and important to study the geographical distribution and migration channels of LocusteUa ochotensis.

  18. 安徽省2011年新分离的19株狂犬病病毒的N基因序列分析%Sequence analysis on N genes of 19 rabies virus strains isolated from Anhui Province, China in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴杰; 解庭波; 黄思佳; 沈智俊; 王月; 朱理业; 曹明华; 刘红; 徐葛林

    2013-01-01

    目的 对安徽省2011年新分离的19株狂犬病病毒(Rabies virus,RABV)的N基因进行序列分析,并比较其与代表性RABV街毒株及疫苗株之间的差异.方法 采集安徽省淮北地区狗肉市场的犬脑组织121份,伤人犬脑组织10份,采用直接免疫荧光法和双抗体夹心ELISA法检测RABV抗原,并通过颅内接种昆明乳鼠进一步鉴定毒株;RT-PCR扩增分离病毒的N基因,与pMD18-T载体连接测序后,与代表性RABV街毒株及疫苗株的N基因序列进行比对,并进行遗传学分析.结果 在送检的131份犬脑组织样品中检出RABV阳性19株,其中伤人犬脑组织阳性率为90%,狗肉市场犬脑组织阳性率为8.26%.19株RABV N基因核苷酸序列同源性为97.5%~99.7%,推导的氨基酸序列同源性为98.7% ~ 100%;与代表性人用和兽用RABV疫苗株相比,N基因核苷酸序列同源性为85.4% ~ 89.9%,推导的氨基酸序列同源性为94.9%~99.1%,核苷酸序列的变异主要为同义突变.分离的19株RABV在系统进化树上高度聚集,与以往国内分离的代表性街毒株系统进化关系较近,在同一个分支(HN10除外)与我国疫苗株CTN-181株亲缘关系最近,处于同—个亚群.结论 从安徽省伤人犬和狗肉市场的犬脑组织中成功分离并鉴定了19株RABV,这些病毒株均属于基因Ⅰ型RABV,且具有地域性特征.本研究对特定区域RABV的流行及监测具有一定的意义.%Objective To analyze the sequence of N genes of 19 rabies virus (RABV) strains isolated from Anhui Province, China in 2011 as well as its difference with other representative street strains and vaccine strains. Methods The brain tissues of 10 dogs biting people and 121 dogs from dog meat market in Huaibei District, Anhui Province were collected, and detected for RABV antigen by direct immunofluorescent assay , then further identified by intracranial inoculation to Kunming suckling mice. The N gene of RABV was amplified by RT

  19. Metallogenetic Mechanism and Timing of Late Superimposing Fluid Mineralization in the Dongguashan Diplogenetic Stratified Copper Deposit, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Zhaowen; LU Xiancai; LING Hongfei; LU Jianjun; JIANG Shoyong; NIE Guiping; HUANG Shunsheng; HUA Ming

    2005-01-01

    An important diplogenetic mineralization event superimposed on pre-existing exhalation sediments in the Tongling area, Anhui province, was triggered by widespread granitic magmatism along the northeastern margin of the Yangtze Block during 140-135 Ma under extensional tectonic circumstances following the collision between the North China and Yangtze blocks. The main orebodies of the Dongguashan copper deposit, a typical diplogenetic stratified deposit among many polymetallic ore deposits in China, are hosted by strata between Upper Devonian sandstone and Carboniferous limestone, and its mineralization was genetically related to the Qingshanjiao intrusive. The Rb-Sr isotopic isochron of the Qingshanjiao intrusive yields an age of about 136.5±1.4 Ma. The ore-forming fluid reflected by the inclusion fluid in quartz veins is characterized by high temperature and high salinity, and its age was also determined by Rb-Sr isotope dating as 134±11 Ma. Oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition data suggest that the ore-forming fluid was derived mainly from magmatism. By integrating these isotopic dating data, characteristics of fluid inclusions and the geology of the deposit, the mineralization of the Dongguashan copper deposit is divided into two stages. First, a stratiform sedimentary deposit or protore layer formed in the Late Devonian to the Early Carboniferous, while in the second stage the pre-existing protore was superimposed by hydrothermal fluid that was derived from the Yanshanian magmatic activities occurring around 135 Ma ago. This two-stage mineralization formed the Dongguashan statiform copper deposit.Associated "porphyry" mineralization found in the bottom of and in surrounding intrusive rocks of the orebodies might have occurred in the same period as a second-stage mineralization of this deposit.

  20. The geochemical characteristics and oil-source rock correlation of oilshow from the Majiashan profile, Chaoxian County, South of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Youjun; WEN Zhigang; ZAN Ling

    2008-01-01

    In the future time the exploration of marine oil and gas will be one of the significant domains in China. In this paper the biomarker assemblage characteristics of oilshow in the Nanlinghu Formation of the Majiashan profile, which is located in Chaoxian County, south of Anhui Province, are described in the light of gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GCMS) analysis on the qualitative and quantitative basis. Based on the investigation of the biomarker assemblage characteristics of possible source rocks developed in the area studied, a conclusion is drawn that the oilshow was generated from the Nanlinghu Formation source rocks (abbreviated as T1n), instead of the Qixia Formation source rocks (abbreviated as P1q). It is pointed out that the T1n is of strong potential for future oil exploration, and therefore much attention should be paid to it.

  1. Thinking of Higher Vocational Education Development in Anhui and Fujian Province%对皖闽高职教育发展的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光辉

    2012-01-01

    The higher vocational college is an important part of higher education in China. In this paper, it analyses the present situation and the existing problems in higher vocational education in Anhui and Fujian Province, and puts forward some ideas about the development of the higher vocational college, so as to offer references for the development of higher vocational education.%指出了高职院校是我国高等教育的重要组成部分,分析了当前皖闽高职教育现状,从定位、转型、升级等方面探讨了高职教育目前存在的问题,提出了相应的对策与建议,以期为我国高职教育的发展提供参考。

  2. 安徽省物联网发展战略研究%The Study on the Developmental Strategies of IOT in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林芝湘

    2015-01-01

    21st century,people entered the information age,IOT are after another computer and Internet information revolution,IOT has gradually become many national development strategies,and China has also joined the army of the information revolution.As a major agricultural province of Anhui in 2009 also began to pay attention to IOT technical role in promoting development.This paper mainly through field surveys and web search,which conduct research and analysis according to the relevant documents to the provincial government released nearly five years,the sort IOT the development of the province's policy ideas,analyzes the development current situation of IOT in Anhui province,identify deficiencies and propose Measures mainly provides the policy basis for the university,the education sector.%21世纪,人们进入了信息化时代,物联网是继计算机和互联网之后的又一次信息产业革命,物联网也逐渐成为许多国家的发展战略,中国也加入了这次信息产业革命的大军.安徽省作为农业大省也于2009年开始逐渐重视物联网技术在发展中的推动作用.本文主要通过实地调查和网络搜索,从而根据近五年来安徽省政府发布的相关文件进行研究分析,理清我省物联网发展的政策思路,分析我省物联网发展现状,找出不足并提出对策,主要为高校、教育部门提供政策依据.

  3. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwei; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Known as the " food of grain",chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime,its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties( districts) of Anhui Province as samples,the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research shows that farmers applying fertilizer are generally older in age with relatively lower degree of education,inveterate farming habits and small area of cultivation. Besides,the farmer households wish to receive training and guidance on techniques of fertilization,but very few of them have attended the trainings on agricultural technology. Moreover,the individual characteristics and family factors of farmer households have a significant impact on their fertilizer application behaviors. And the degrees of impact are also different for the fertilizer applying behaviors in different stages. Therefore,improving the educational level of farmer households,strengthening the training and promotion of agricultural techniques and accelerating land transfer among farmer households will play a fundamental role in regularizing the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households and improving the quality and safety of agricultural products.

  4. The survey of Cryptosporidium infection among young children in kindergartens in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Lu; Chaopin Li; Shan Jiang; Song Ye

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To study the Cryptospondium infection among young children in Anhui province, and to explore the best way to diagnose the disease. Methods: Stool specimens of 1204 children were collected; oocysts of Cryptosporidium were identified with auramine O-modified staining, acid-fast staining, safranine T and methylene blue staining, and auramine O-modified acid-fast staining. Results:The detectable rate of Cryptosporidium in four stainings were respectively 2.46%, 1.50%, 1.98% and 3.46%, and there was a higher significant difference in the rate between auramine O-modified acid-fast staining and the others(P < 0.005). The detectable rate was significantly lower in urban children(2.14%, 15/684) than in rural ones(5.19%, 27/520). Boys and girls had similar detectable rate (1.99%, 24/1 204 vs. 1.50%, 18/1 204). Cryptosporidium infection was usually subclinical, and its major clinical features included benign diarrhea, mild abdominal pain and nausea. Conclusion:Cryptospondium infection was relatively common in kindergartens and a higher infection rate was found in rural children. As the majority of the Cryptosporidium infections were subclinical, diagnosis is important although difficult.

  5. The Impact of Sports Tourism Expo on Sports Tourism in Anhui Province%体育旅游博览会对安徽省体育旅游业的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童申; 段英梅; 白琦

    2015-01-01

    According to the effects of previous Sports Tourism Expo on the sports tourism, this dissertation makes an analysis by using literature and interviews research methods. The seventh China Sports Tourism Expo will be held in Wuhu, Anhui province and as to what influences it will bring about . From the interview, we can conclude that : (1) The Sport Tourism Expo in Anhui province will make the sports tourism products more colorful ; (2) Sports Tourism Expo will attract more exhibitors, observation groups and participants to advance the development of sports tourism; (3) Sports tourism Expo will bring huge economic benefits for Anhui province; (4) Sports tourism Expo will excavate varieties of industry resources and development potential in Anhui Sports Travel which would provide a better foundation for the development of sports tourism in Anhui Province (5) Sports Tourism Expo will attract a large customer base for Anhui which would contribute to the development of sports tourism industry; (6) Sports tourism Expo will drive the development of sports tourism and other related industries , reaching a win-win situation.%文章通过文献资料法和访谈法等研究方法,根据历届体育旅游博览会的举办对体育旅游业产生的影响展开分析,并就中国第七届体育旅游博览会落户安徽省芜湖市对安徽省体育旅游业造成的影响进行论述。得出结论:(1)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会挖掘出安徽省在体育旅游业方面的各种资源优势和发展潜力,为安徽省体育旅游业发展提供更好的基础;(2)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会吸引更多展商、观摩团或参与者等客源,促进体育旅游业的发展;(3)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会带动与体育旅游业相关联的其他产业共同发展,达到共赢。

  6. Research on the Introduction and Plant of Taiwania flousiana Gaussen in Anhui province%安徽省秃杉引种栽培研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章健

    2001-01-01

    秃杉(Taiwainia flousiana Gaussen)是我国南方山地营造用材林、风景林、水源涵养林的优良树种。从80年代开始,安徽省开展了引种、驯化、栽培,并对其地理分布、生物学生态学特性以及栽培技术进行了研究。结果表明,秃杉是喜温暖湿润的浅根性树种,繁殖容易、适应性强、病虫害少。在安徽省的生态环境和营林水平条件下,表现出良好的生态适应性,显示出较高的引种潜力。13a生林分平均高变幅7.5~10.7m,平均胸径变幅11.2~17.5cm。在安徽省造林使用秃杉应提倡采用秃、阔混交林的形式;栽培应注重其种质资源的搜集。%Taiwania flousiana Gaussen is a fine planting tree in mountainous regions of the southern China.Since the 1980's,it has been introduced and planted in Anhui province. The investigation in geographical distribution,biological and ecological characters and planting techniques was carried out.The results showed that : 1.It was a fine-growing tree with ecological adaptability and extensive introduction potentiality in Anhui province;2.In 9-year-old plantation,the tree height reached to 7.5~10.7m and DBH 11.2~17.5cm.Its mixedly planting with other trees and the collection of its germplasm resource was very important in Anhui province.

  7. The Origin of Psychology Education in Anhui after New China was Founded%新中国成立后安徽省心理学教育溯源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许露; 孙德玉

    2014-01-01

    安徽师范大学教育科学学院前身---国立安徽大学教育系是省内心理学教育的源头。建国后,国立安徽大学教育系大力推广心理学教育,既离不开师生的继承创新,也离不开领导的支持。通过机构设立、心理学实验室筹备、人才网罗和教学创新,国立安徽大学的心理学教育日趋完善,并成为当时安徽省心理学教育的领头雁。%The development of thriving educational psychology in Anhui Province is a breakthrough after accumulating profound practice .As far as we concerned ,college of education science in Anhui Normal University was the first university in Anhui Province to put educational psychology into practice after new China was founded .In the support of the leadership ,teachers inherited the past ,ushered in the future and kept exploration and innovation .Educational psychology got a big promotion .To be the bellwether in the field of educational psychology in Anhui Province even in eastern China ,teachers and students improved the curriculum ,prepared for psychological laboratory and sought qualified persons with eagerness .Based on this brief description ,we can recall unforgettable moments and outstanding contributions for educational psychology in Anhui Provence .This will inspire us assuredly towards a brilliant future .

  8. 安徽地区地磁转换函数变化与地震的关系%Relation between variation of geomagnetic transfer function of stations in Anhui Province and earthquake occurred in the nearby area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周琼; 曹志磊; 夏仕安; 李军辉; 陈俊; 金艳; 隆爱军

    2011-01-01

    利用安徽省地磁台站2007-2009年数字化观测资料,应用地磁转换函数方法,对华东地区ML4.0以上地震进行对应关系研究,发现不同台站、不同周期的转换函数参量与安徽及邻近地区地震存在一定的对应关系,为今后数据研究提供参考.%Using the digitized data of the geomagnetic stations in Anhui Province from 2007 to 2009, we study the earthquakes of ML ≥ 4. 0 in East China through the method of geomagnetic transfer functions. We found that there is certain relationship between the transfer function parameters of the different stations, different periods and earthquakes in Anhui and neighboring regions. At the same time, we have a rudimentary knowledge of the effect that apply the geomagnetic transfer function method to earthquake prediction, using the digital information of geomagnetic observation stations in Anhui Province. Our result provides a reference for carrying out similar research since we accumulated more data in the future.

  9. Challenges and Path of Developing Circular Economy at Regional Level——A Case Study of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Existing foundation and development opportunities of regional circular economy are elaborated.The first is gradual establishment and perfection of relevant laws and regulations and policy systems.The second is establishment of technical standard for circular economy and implementation of development model.The third is scientific and technical innovation providing technical support for circular economy.The fourth is opportunity of green development in international environmental and economic situations.And the fifth is leap-style development supported by solid foundation.Then,Anhui Province is taken as an example to analyze challenges faced by circular economy.The challenges include increase of resource restriction and environment pressure;supporting policy and legal system to be further perfected and implemented;circular economic indicators not included into political achievement assessment;and technical supporting foundation of circular economy still to be strengthened.Finally,path selection is put forward for development of circular economy in Anhui Province:make definite development direction of circular economy with tasks and targets;take major fields as carriers of development of circular economy;take major fields as carriers of development of circular economy;and take institutional construction as guarantee of circular economic development.

  10. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory%用生态经济学理论指导中国生态省建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松霈

    2005-01-01

    @@ A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the whole country, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,etc. are launching the previous work of construction of ecological province too. The establishment of large quantities of ecological city, ecological county has already achieved the remarkable effect.

  11. Study of the Highly-skilled Talent Training Mode for Business English Major Rural Students:A Case Study of Higher Vocational Colleges in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes an in-depth study of the reasons for employment problems of Business English major rural students in Anhui Province,and sets forth the appropriate highly-skilled Business English talent training mode and the corresponding recommendations.

  12. Lead in soil and agricultural products in the Huainan Coal Mining Area, Anhui, China: levels, distribution, and health implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ting; Liu, Guijian; Zhou, Chuncai; Lu, Lanlan

    2015-03-01

    Heavy metal accumulation in agricultural soil is of great concern, as heavy metals can be finally transferred to the human body through the food chain. A field survey was conducted to investigate the lead (Pb) levels and distribution in soil, agricultural products (wheat, paddy, and soybean), and fish, in the Huainan Coal Mining Area (HCMA), Anhui Province, China, to provide reference information to local inhabitants. The daily intake and target hazard quotients of Pb through food consumption were assessed. Results showed that the mean Pb concentration in soil was higher than the Huainan soil background Pb value but lower than the maximum allowance Pb concentration for agricultural soil (GB 15618-2008). The elevated Pb in soil, especially in rainy months (June to August in Huainan), might be related to Pb leaching from ambient coal gangue piles. Excessive Pb concentration was found in the grains of food crops, which would pose a potential health risk to local inhabitants. Therein, wheat showed higher Pb bioaccumulation ability than other crops. With regard to the Pb levels in muscles, fishes were considered to be safe for consumption. The calculations on daily intake and tolerable hazard quotient of Pb suggest that the potential health hazard posed by Pb is currently insignificant for the inhabitants in the HCMA. PMID:25724617

  13. Risk spatial evolution of drought disaster study in Anhui Province based on GIS%基于GIS的安徽省旱灾风险空间演变研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙仲益; 张继权; 严登华; 王春乙; 刘兴朋; 佟志军

    2012-01-01

    Anhui Province is typical of the frequent drought provinces in China, and the region where drought disaster happened changed every year. It is benefit the disaster prevention and reduction department to drawing up drought control planning timely and accurately by understand the risk of drought disaster dynamic distribution rules. Firstly, through the nature disaster risk formation four factor theory, assessment model of drought disaster risk of Anhui Province was established, by using metrological, hydrological, society and economical etc. features as indicators. Secondly, analyze comprehensive dynamic degree of drought risk in Anhui Province from 2000 to 2010 by means of the dynamic degree of single risk, the dynamic degree of integrated risk, gravity center migration of risk and risk replacement coefficient. Mapping and analyze the risk zoning of drought disaster by GIS. The results showed that the single level dynamic degree of drought risk changed strongly,but the dynamic degree of integrated risk relatively stable in Anhui Province; It was strongly resembling that the transition between high risk-middle risk and low risk-middle risk.%安徽省是典型旱灾频发省份,而且每年发生旱灾的地区都有变化,了解旱灾风险空间动态变化的规律对防灾减灾部门及时准确制定抗旱规划意义重大.利用自然灾害风险形成四因子理论,选取安徽省气象、水文、社会和经济等18个指标,建立了安徽省旱灾风险评价模型,对安徽省2000-2009年旱灾风险进行了区划,利用单一风险动态度、综合风险动态度和风险置换系数等研究手段和方法对安徽省2000-2009年间旱灾风险动态变化进行了分析.结果表明:安徽省单一旱灾风险动态度变化的波动性较强,综合风险动态度变化则比较稳定;高旱灾风险和中旱灾风险、低旱灾风险和中旱灾风险之间置换相似性较强.

  14. Variation patterns of different types of vegetation in Anhui Province of East China in 2000-2009 in relation to air temperature and precipitation%安徽省2000-2009年不同类型植被的变化及其与气温、降水的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯妍; 何彬方; 唐怀瓯; 荀尚培; 吴必文

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the responses of different types of vegetation in Anhui Province of East China to climate elements, this paper analyzed the recent ten years spatiotemporal variation patterns of the vegetations and their correlations with air temperature and precipitation, based on the monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index ( NDVI) data from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS) , the daily temperature/precipitation data from 80 meteorological stations, and the land cover data in 2000-2009. The results showed that in recent ten years, the vegetation index of different land cover types in the Province had different change trends. The vegetation index increased significantly in crop planting area and cities, but had less change in other areas. Forestland had the highest average vegetation index, followed by crop planting area, and then, urban area. The monthly variation of the vegetation index presented a double-peak pattern in crop planting area, but a single-peak pattern for other land cover types.The monthly average NDVI in the Province had a significant positive linear correlation with the monthly mean temperature, and a positive nonlinear correlation with the monthly total precipitation. A threshold value of precipitation existed in its effect on NDVI. There was a weak positive correlation between the NDVI and the inter-annual change of temperature/precipitation. The partial correlation coefficient between vegetation index and air temperature was the maximum in for-estland and the minimum in crop planting area, and was larger in natural vegetation area than in artificial vegetation area. The partial correlation coefficient between vegetation index and precipitation was contrary. In the majority area of middle Huaibei plain and northern Jianghuai ( non-irrigable land) , the vegetation was co-driven by air temperature and precipitation; in some minority middle Huaibei plain grids and water grids, the vegetation was solely driven by

  15. 论安徽高职院校以文化育人服务文化强省%On the Construction of Culturally Powerful Anhui Province through Culture-based Education in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁文慧; 丁伟

    2014-01-01

    党的十八大提出了“扎实推进社会主义文化强国建设”。安徽省第九次党代会提出建设文化强省的战略。安徽高等职业院校占全省高校的三分之二,在校生占全省高校在校生近一半。高职院校需要增强文化育人的自觉,肩负文化强省的责任;需要通过文化育人的自觉,为文化强省培养高素质专门人才;需要通过文化育人的自觉,建设整体文化育人环境。通过文化育人,深化内涵建设,提高人才培养质量,更好地服务文化强省建设。%T he 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China stressed the need to make steady progress in developing a strong socialist culture in China and the 9th Party Congress of Anhui Province put forward the strategy to build a culturally powerful province .The number of higher voca-tional colleges accounts for two-thirds of all institutions of higher education in Anhui Province ,and the number of students in higher vocational colleges makes up nearly half of the total number of students in higher education in Anhui Province .To achieve the strategic objective ,the higher voca-tional colleges should place a special emphasis on the culture-based education ,and take the responsi-bility of building a culturally powerful province .The element of culture-based education should be in-corporated into the educational activities to cultivate the high-quality talents .Furthermore ,an atmos-phere of culture-based education should be created to construct a favorable campus environment .T he culture-based education can promote the connotation construction and advance the education quality , which is helpful for the construction of a culturally powerful province .

  16. Sustainable development models of converting cropland to forest in Dabieshan District, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kai ZHANG; Ning LUO; Xiaojing XU; Xiaoniu XU

    2008-01-01

    The characteristics of the eco-environment,extension scale and sustainable models of converting cropland to forest in the Dabieshan District of Anhui were analyzed. The Dabieshan District is a main ecological area with a function of soil and water conservation where seven large reservoirs and irrigation systems of the Pishihang are distributed. Therefore, the extension scale of converting cropland to forest could be enlarged properly in the reservoir area, while it should be limited in the non-reservoir area due to the issues of higher population density and food safety. Great attention should be paid to the model selection and results during the conversion of cropland to forest. Some suitable models and effective approaches were put forward for the sustainable development in the Dabieshan District, Anhui.

  17. Farmers' Perceptions of Climate Variability and Factors Influencing Adaptation: Evidence from Anhui and Jiangsu, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibue, Grace Wanjiru; Liu, Xiaoyu; Zheng, Jufeng; zhang, Xuhui; Pan, Genxing; Li, Lianqing; Han, Xiaojun

    2016-05-01

    Impacts of climate variability and climate change are on the rise in China posing great threat to agriculture and rural livelihoods. Consequently, China is undertaking research to find solutions of confronting climate change and variability. However, most studies of climate change and variability in China largely fail to address farmers' perceptions of climate variability and adaptation. Yet, without an understanding of farmers' perceptions, strategies are unlikely to be effective. We conducted questionnaire surveys of farmers in two farming regions, Yifeng, Jiangsu and Qinxi, Anhui achieving 280 and 293 responses, respectively. Additionally, we used climatological data to corroborate the farmers' perceptions of climate variability. We found that farmers' were aware of climate variability such that were consistent with climate records. However, perceived impacts of climate variability differed between the two regions and were influenced by farmers' characteristics. In addition, the vast majorities of farmers were yet to make adjustments in their farming practices as a result of numerous challenges. These challenges included socioeconomic and socio-cultural barriers. Results of logit modeling showed that farmers are more likely to adapt to climate variability if contact with extension services, frequency of seeking information, household heads' education, and climate variability perceptions are improved. These results suggest the need for policy makers to understand farmers' perceptions of climate variability and change in order to formulate policies that foster adaptation, and ultimately protect China's agricultural assets.

  18. A Masterpiece which Displays the Spectacular Event of Library in Anhui Province---On The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui%展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作--《安徽藏书家传略》读后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏蕾

    2014-01-01

    The private collection of books in China has a history of two thousand years,which plays a u-nique role in the history of culture.As a center of literature,Anhui province has attracted much atten-tion from Han and Tang Dynasties to modern times for its culture of collection of books.What's more,a large quantity of respectable scholars who have unmatched love for collection of books have appeared during this period.The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui,which is written by Liu Shangheng and Zheng Ling,is based on the grand collection of books in Anhui.The book reveals the abundant cultural heritage and historical connotations in Anhui,it takes the time and regions as clues to list more than 500 bibliophiles from the Han Dynasty to modern times in Anhui,and describes the life story ,the story of collection of books and the academic ideas of more than ten bibliophiles with appropriate details,illustra-tion and well organization .The book has a high academic and literature value ,meanwhile,it allows us to catch a glimpse of the long history of the culture of private collection of books in Anhui,therefore,it is a masterpiece which displays the spectacular event of library in Anhui province.%中国的私家藏书有2000多年的历史,它在文化史上占有独特的地位,安徽作为文献之邦,其藏书文化历来备受世人瞩目,从汉唐讫至近代,涌现了一大批酷爱藏书的文人志士,久为世重。刘尚恒、郑玲两位先生基于安徽的藏书盛况编撰《安徽藏书家传略》,该书以时间和地域为线索,罗列了从汉朝至近代安徽的500多位藏书家,并详细介绍了十余位主要藏书家的生平事迹、藏书事迹、学术思想等,详略得当,图文并茂,条理清晰,具有很高的学术价值和文献价值,完美彰显了安徽作为文献之邦的丰厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,也让我们有幸窥探了安徽私家藏书文化的源远流长,不愧是展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作。

  19. Geochemistry of Rare Earth Elements of Anqing Copper Deposit in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁峰; 周涛发; 刘晓东; 岳书仓

    2002-01-01

    The geochemical features of REE were studied by comparing the copper ore with the skarn, the diorite and the stratum, to trace the source of metallogenic materials in Anqing copper deposit, Anhui. The origin of metallogenic hydrothermal fluids was studied through simulating REE pattern of the balanceable hydrothermal fluids. The results indicate that the metallogenic materials come from the diorite and the metallogenic hydrothermal fluids come from the dioritic magma. The results also show that the rare earth elements are relatively mobile during metallization.

  20. Analysis on development and characteristics of irrigation in Anhui Province%安徽省灌溉发展及特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁先江

    2011-01-01

    Based on the brief description on the irrigation history of Anhui Province, the irrigation development characteristics of Anhui Province, such as the characteristics of drought degree, farming system, irrigation zoning, irrigation modes, irrigation water, irrigation system, etc. Are systematically summarized and analyzed herein, furthermore, the problems existed in the development history of the irrigation therein are discussed, and then some relevant countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as well%在简述安徽省灌溉发展历程的基础上,系统总结分析了安徽省的干旱程度、种植模式、灌溉分区、灌溉模式、灌溉用水、灌溉体系等灌溉发展特征,探讨了灌溉发展中存在的问题,提出了加快灌溉发展的对策与建议.

  1. A Preliminary Investigation of the Development and Hydrocarbon Potential of the the Black Shales in the Upper Permian Dalong Formation, Southern Anhui Province in the Lower Yangze Region, China%下扬子皖南大隆组黑色岩系发育特征及油气资源潜力初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖志伟; 胡文瑄; 曹剑; 姚素平; 许志敏; 张月霞; 万野; 丁海

    2016-01-01

    The upper Permian Dalong Formation in the Lower Yangtze Region with black shales is potential for hydrocarbon source rock. Little attention has been paid to this issue. In order to improve the understanding about it, we conducted a comprehensively combined study of petrology and organic geochemistry based on three recently-discovered Dalong black shales outcrops in the southern Anhui province, with the aim to characterize the development and hydrocarbon potential of the Dalong black shales. The results show that the black shales developed widely in all the three outcrops, including the Niushan (Xuancheng City), Caicun (Jingxian County) and Changqiao (Jingxian County). Lithology of the shales is variable from chert to calcareous shale, as well as siliceous mudstone. Stratigraphic correlation and sedimentology of the shales imply that the study area has been subjected to a complete sequence of marine transgression and regression and the black shales generally developed in the environment of deep seawater under reducing, restricted and undercompensated conditions. The results from the study of petrology and organic geochemistry show that the Dalong black shales are rich in organic with the average total organic carbon content being around 2.0%. In terms of kerogen types, the organic matter is primarily Ⅱ2 and Ⅲ. Combined with the high to over maturation of organic matter, we propose that the regional exploration should be focused on natural gas reservoir. Based on the comparison of the distribution of Mesozoic-Cenozoic igneous rocks and black shales in the study area, we infer that the over maturation of organic matter may be primarily influenced by large-scale magmatism in South China during the Mesozoic to Cenozoic period. Thus, petroleum exploration potential can also be considered in the areas where there was no/little significant influence of magmatism (e.g., the Jingxian-Guangde area). These results and understanding can also provide highlights for the

  2. Subclinical eating disorders in female medical students in Anhui, China: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wei-Wei; Nie, Miao; Kang, Yao-Wen; He, Lian-Ping; Jin, Yue-Long; Yao, Ying-Shui

    2015-04-01

    Objetivo: Este estudio transversal exploró la prevalencia de los trastornos de la Alimentación (eds) y posibles factores asociados (síntomas depresivos, ansiedad y BMI, etc) sobre EDS en mujeres estudiantes de medicina en China. Métodos: un total de 1135 estudiantes en Wuhu, provincia de Anhui fueron seleccionadas para participar en esta encuesta.La encuesta recoge datos sociodemográficos, síntomas depresivos, ansiedad y conductas alimentarias de estudiantes. Resultados: los estudiantes en situación de riesgo para los trastornos alimentarios eran 2,17%.Trastorno alimenticio riesgo fue más frecuente en los estudiantes con la relación de los estudiantes con la pobre padre, mala relación con los padres, los alumnos con alto índice de masa corporal, los estudiantes que son la excesiva atención a la propaganda de adelgazamiento, y estudiantes cuyos familiares tienen una dieta.Además, la media de las puntuaciones para los factores psicológicos de la depresion y la ansiedad fueron mayores en los estudiantes con trastorno alimentario riesgo.Un modelo de regresion lineal multiple fue producido que muestran que la depresión, la ansiedad, el alto nivel de IMC, centrándose en la propaganda y la dieta de adelgazamiento, condición entre parientes eran factores de riesgo de tener un trastorno alimenticio y riesgo. Conclusiones: una importante fracción de mujeres estudiantes de medicina en Anhui están en alto riesgo de desarrollo de trastornos de la alimentación.Una intervención integral centrado en el entorno familiar y manejo de emociones deben ser diseñados para prevenir la ocurrencia de tales trastornos entre los estudiantes de medicina que, sin duda, obstaculizar la disponibilidad de servicios médicos de confianza en el futuro.

  3. The influence of HLA on HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment in Anhui, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel D Schrier

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: HLA-DR*04 was identified as a predictor of HIV-Associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND, low CD4 T-cell responses to HIV, and low plasma HIV RNA levels in a U.S. cohort. We hypothesized that low CD4 T-cell activation leads to poor immune control of HIV in the CNS, predisposing to HAND, but also provided fewer target (activated CD4 T-cells for HIV replication. To assess the consistency of these HLA Class II associations in a new cohort and extend analysis to HLA Class I, HLA types, neurocognitive, and virologic status were examined in a cohort of former plasma donors in China. METHODS: 178 HIV infected individuals in Anhui China, were HLA typed and underwent neurocognitive evaluations (using locally standardized norms, neuromedical, treatment and virologic assessments at baseline and at 12 months. RESULTS: HLA DR*04 was associated with a higher rate of baseline neurocognitive impairment (p = 0.04, neurocognitive decline (p = 0.04, and lower levels of HIV RNA in plasma (p = 0.05. HLA Class I alleles (B*27,57,58,A*03,33 that specify a CD8 T-cell response to conserved HIV sequences were neuroprotective, associated with less impairment at baseline (p = 0.037, at month 012 (p = 0.013 and less neurocognitive decline (p = 0.023 in the interval. Consistent with the theory that effective CD8 T-cell responses require CD4 T-cell support, the HLA DR*04 allele reduced the neuroprotective effect of the Class I alleles. The presence of HLA-DR*04 and the Alzheimer associated allele ApoE4 in the same individual had a synergistic negative effect on cognition (p = 0.003. CONCLUSIONS: Despite major background differences between U.S. and Anhui China cohorts, HLA DR*04 predicted neurocognitive impairment and lower plasma HIV RNA levels in both populations. HLA Class I alleles associated with CD8 T-cell control of HIV were associated with protection from HAND, but protection was reduced in the presence of HLA-DR*04.

  4. 安徽省马鼻疽防制%Prevention and Cure of Glanders in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪功飞; 曹晋蓉; 等

    2001-01-01

    In 1953,glanders was brought into Anhui province because of buying horses from other provinces.This disease came in vogue in the area of Huaibei and along the Huaihe river from 1950s~1980s.After that,all_around measures(quarantine、killing、isolating、sterilizing etc.)were taken actively in various area.The disease have not happened in clinic since 1990.Positive animals were not discovered again by the way of quarantine.From 1996 to 1998,in the epidemic diseases area, we inspected 77005 equine animals by dropping eyes with mallein,the result of all is negative.In Nov.1999,our province had passed the check and acceptance by the specialists of State Agricultural Ministry,reached to the level of annihilation.%安徽省1953年由于阜阳地区自外省购入马匹而带入马鼻疽,50~80年代该病在淮北及沿淮局部地区流行。疫情发生后,由于各地积极采取检疫、扑杀、隔离、消毒等综合性防治措施。1990年后临床再无病例发生,检疫中也再未检出阳性畜。1996~1998年连续3年在原疫区以鼻疽菌素点眼检疫马属动物77005匹,结果均为阴性。1999年11月底通过农业部专家组考核验收,达到消灭标准。

  5. Features and significance of tsutsugamushi disease outbreaks in the emerging epidemic focuses in Anhui Province%安徽省恙虫病新疫源地疫情暴发特点及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于乐成; 何长伦; 王长军; 汪茂荣; 操敏; 郭恒彬

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of tsutsngamushi disease outbreaks in the emerging epidemic focuses in Anhui Province, and to clarify the new changes in the geographical distribution of tsutsugamushi disease in China. Methods The time and seasons, sites, scales, geographical distribution, climate, insect vectors, pathogens, susceptible populations, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of tsutsugamushi disease outbreaks in Anhui Province were systematically analyzed by way of on-the-spot epidemiological investigation and review of the case history, laboratory findings and published literatures.Results Outbreaks of tsutsugamushi disease have been validated in Anhui Province since 2007. Nineteen cases were found in the damp foothill zones in Chuzhou in the autumn of 2007, and 18 of them were confirmed by colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay. At least 156, 9 and 70 cases were reported in the outbreaks in Fuyang, Bozhou, and Bengbu (plain regions with dry weather) in the autumn of 2008, respectively, and the pathogen was identified as Kawasaki genotype of Orientia tsutsugamushi. Another outbreaks of tsutsngamushi disease were validated in Fuyang and other cities in Anhui Province in the autumn of 2009 and 2010. Most of the patients had typical clinical manifestations of tsutsugamushi disease. All the patients were cured after the administration of doxycycline or azithromycin, Conclusions Epidemic focuses of tsutsugamushi disease are newly found in Anhui Province. Chuzhou and Fuyang are transitional epidemic focuses where the outbreaks of tsutsugamushi disease occur in foothill zones and plain regions, respectively, in autumn and winter. Doxycycline or azithromycin is the effective agent for Orientia tsutsugamushi.%目的 调查安徽省恙虫病新疫源地多起疫情暴发的流行病学和临床特点,阐明我国恙虫病疫源地分布的相应新变化.方法 采用现场流行病学调查、病史及检验结果

  6. Repeated Questions in Huaiyuan Dialect of Anhui Province%安徽怀远方言的反复问句

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      怀远方言的反复问句是“可VP”式,通过“可”的语音变化来表达动词不同的体貌特征。可1表示未然,可2表示已然,其分布与疑问焦点结合紧密。“可”在各方言的不同语音形式是其语法化过程中语音虚化的体现;怀远话可2的读音是由于类推和挤压的结果。%With the structure of “可”, the repeated questions in Huaiyuan dialect of Anhui province are used to express different body characteristics by changing the sound of “可”.The questions with “可” with the tone of yinping indicate the action has not happened while questions with “可” with the tone of yangping indicate hap-pened.The different sound types of “可” in dialects is demonstrations of its sound virtualization in the grammatical-ization process.The pronunciation of “可” with the tone of yangping in Huaiyuan dialect is resulted from analogy and squeeze.

  7. Multi-episode fluid boiling in the Shizishan copper-gold deposit at Tongling, Anhui Province: its bearing on oreformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The Shizishan copper-gold deposit at Tongling, Anhui Province consists of two magmato-hydrothermal mineralization types: the crypto-explosive breccia type and the skarn type. At least four episodes of boiling occurred to the ore-forming fluids in this deposit. The first episode took place in accompany with the formation of the crypto-explosive breccias. The melt-fluid inclusions giving temperatures above 600℃ and salinities higher than 42% NaCl equiv represent a residual magma related to this episode. The second episode occurred during skarnization, giving fluid temperatures of 422℃-472℃, averaging 458℃, and salinities of 10.2%-45.1% NaCl equiv. The third episode corresponds to the main mineralization stage, i.e., the quartz-sulphide stage. Fluid temperatures of this episode vary in a range of 337℃-439℃ with an average of 390℃, and salinities in a range of 3%-30% NaCl equiv. The forth episode happened at the waning stage of mineralization, giving fluid temperatures below 350℃ with an average of 265℃ and salinities of 2.1%-40.4% NaCl equiv.

  8. Study on Hong kong,Macau and Taiwan’s Inbound Tourism Market in Anhui Province%港澳台入皖旅游市场研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅雨晴

    2014-01-01

    The paper uses the analytic methods of preference scale,competition state and niche theory to analyze the individual characteristics of the Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan’s inbound tourism market in Anhui Province with the data from 2003 to 2012.The result shows:(1) Taiwan’s tourism demand into Anhui is very high,between the bull market and the star market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually reducing.(2) Hongkong’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low,but between the bull market and the star market,and the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is slowly improving.(3) Macao’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low, between the child market and thin-dog market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually improving.According to the variation characteristics of Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan,the paper puts forward the further development suggestions.%运用亲景度、竞争态以及生态位分析方法,对2003-2012年港澳台入皖旅游市场进行分析。研究表明:(1)台湾对入皖旅游需求偏好很高,处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐降低。(2)香港对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,但处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,且对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正缓慢提高。(3)澳门对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,处于幼童市场与瘦狗市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐提高。针对港澳台各市场的变化特征,提出进一步的开拓建议。

  9. 港澳台入皖旅游市场研究%Study on Hong kong,Macau and Taiwan’s Inbound Tourism Market in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅雨晴

    2014-01-01

    The paper uses the analytic methods of preference scale,competition state and niche theory to analyze the individual characteristics of the Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan’s inbound tourism market in Anhui Province with the data from 2003 to 2012.The result shows:(1) Taiwan’s tourism demand into Anhui is very high,between the bull market and the star market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually reducing.(2) Hongkong’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low,but between the bull market and the star market,and the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is slowly improving.(3) Macao’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low, between the child market and thin-dog market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually improving.According to the variation characteristics of Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan,the paper puts forward the further development suggestions.%运用亲景度、竞争态以及生态位分析方法,对2003-2012年港澳台入皖旅游市场进行分析。研究表明:(1)台湾对入皖旅游需求偏好很高,处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐降低。(2)香港对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,但处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,且对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正缓慢提高。(3)澳门对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,处于幼童市场与瘦狗市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐提高。针对港澳台各市场的变化特征,提出进一步的开拓建议。

  10. Countermeasures on Transformation and Upgrading of Small and Micro Enterprises in Anhui Province--the investigation and analysis of small and micro enterprises in Anhui Province%安徽省小微企业转型升级对策研究--安徽省小微企业调研分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭淑娟; 李德明; 包亚玲; 张成玮

    2013-01-01

    目前小微企业已成为我国经济转型升级的重要组成部分。本课题组通过对安徽省小微企业转型升级现状的调研,收集和分析了小微企业在技术创新、转型提升中遇到的新情况、新问题,并针对小微企业当前面临的研发力量、资金、商业模式选择和人才等发展制约因素,从企业自身和政府层面给出了几点建议。%Currently ,small and micro enterprises have become the important part of China's economic transformation and upgrading .Through the investigation on the actuality of Anhui province upgrading of small and micro businesses in transition ,the research group made the collection and analysis of small and medium -sized enterprises in technological innovation ,transformation and upgrading in the face of new situation ,new problems ,and aimed at the small and micro businesses facing R & D efforts ,cap-ital ,business model selection and talent development constraints .Several suggestions are given from the enterprise itself and the government .

  11. Effect of intensive blood glucose control on quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiu; ZHANG Nan; HU Hong-lin; HE Yong; CHEN Ming-wei; WANG Xiu-yan; YANG Ming-gong; LI Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Intensive blood glucose control is proven to be associated with the diabetic microvascular and macrovascular complications, which could affect quality of life (QOL). This study was performed to determine the effects of intensive glucose control therapy on QOL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province.Methods Ninety-seven elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui were randomly assigned to standard treatment group and intensive therapy group. All patients were followed up for five years on average. Correlated information has been collected during the regular follow-up.Results Patients with microvascular complications reported significantly lower European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores and had more problems with usual activities, pain and anxiety than those without complications (P <0.05).Patients having experienced hypoglycemic episodes had significantly more problems with anxiety than those without hypoglycemic episodes (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected in all dimensions in quality of life, as well as in Visual Analog Scale score between two groups (P >0.05). There was no significant difference in quality of life at the fifth year compared with that of the first year in both groups. Women had more feelings of pain and anxiety than men (P <0.05)and longer disease course was associated with increased levels of pain and anxiety (P <0.05), as well as with lower QOL.In addition, patients with higher body mass index (BMI) had more problems with daily activities than patients with lower BMI (P <0.05).Conclusions Anxiety is common in elderly diabetic patients and they experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes.Diabetic vascular complications significantly affect QOL of the patients. Intensive glucose control has no significant effect on QOL of the diabetic patients. Female, older age, long disease course, less education and high BMI are all factors caused reduced QOL and patients with these factors

  12. Away to Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Central China’s Anhui Province becomes a major destination for industry as companies move their production lines inland Wage growth and land costs inflation are prompting relocation of China’s manufacturing jug-gernaut, a growth engine of the Chinese economy.

  13. Geochemistry of trace elements in coals from the Zhuji Mine, Huainan Coalfield, Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, R.; Liu, Gaisheng; Zheng, Lingyun; Chou, C.-L.

    2010-01-01

    The abundances of nine major elements and thirty-eight trace elements in 520 samples of low sulfur coals from the Zhuji Mine, Huainan Coalfield, Anhui, China, were determined. Samples were mainly collected from 10 minable coal seams of 29 boreholes during exploration. The B content in coals shows that the influence of brackish water decreased toward the top of coal seams; marine transgression and regression occurred frequently in the Lower Shihezi Formation. A wide range of elemental abundances is found. Weighted means of Na, K, Fe, P, Be, B, Co, Ni, Cr, Se, Sb, Ba, and Bi abundances in Zhuji coals are higher, and the remainder elements are either lower or equal to the average values of elements in coals of northern China. Compared to the Chinese coals, the Zhuji coals are higher in Na, K, Be, B, Cr, Co, Se, Sn, Sb, and Bi, but lower in Ti, P, Li, V and Zn. The Zhuji coals are lower only in S, P, V and Zn than average U.S. and world coals. Potassium, Mg, Ca, Mn, Sr, As, Se, Sb and light rare earth elements (LREE) had a tendency to be enriched in thicker coal seams, whereas Fe, Ti, P, V, Co, Ni, Y, Mo, Pb and heavy rare earth elements (HREE) were inclined to concentrate in thinner coal seams. The enrichment of some elements in the Shanxi or Upper Shihezi Formations is related to their depositional environments. The elements are classified into three groups based on their stratigraphic distributions from coal seams 3 to 11-2, and the characteristics of each group are discussed. Lateral distributions of selected elements are also investigated. The correlation coefficients of elemental abundances with ash content show that the elements may be classified into four groups related to modes of occurrence of these elements. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. 安徽省物流业与金融业协同发展实证研究%The Empirical Research on the Coordinated Development of Logistics Industry and Financial Industry in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扶桑

    2014-01-01

    随着中部崛起战略的推进,安徽省成为承接沿海发达地区产业转移的前沿地带,物流金融业务发展空间广阔。通过分析安徽省物流金融业发展现状,并运用数据模型对物流金融支持与区域经济发展之间的关系进行实证分析,可知二者之间是相互影响、相互促进的。为此,安徽省应进一步降低物流企业经营成本,提高物流企业管理水平;提高物流金融服务效率,构筑物流信息平台;创新物流金融产品,优化风险控制机制;提高物流金融外部环境成熟度,完善法规人才等支持,以促进安徽省国民经济更好更快地发展。%With the advancement of rise of central China strategy ,Anhui province has become the frontier zone which carried on the industrial transfer of coastal developed areas,the development of logistics-financing business is promising.By the analysis of the current development situation of logistics and finance industry in Anhui province,and with demonstration analysis on the data model of logistics financial support and the regional economic development,the conclusion of Influencing and promoting each other is known.so,In order to promote development of national economy better and faster in Anhui province,we should reduce logistics cost of enterprises further and improve logistics enterprise management level,improve the efficiency of the logistics financial services and construction of logistics information platform,logistics financial product innovation and optimize the risk control mechanism,improve the logistics financial external environment maturity and law talents support etc.

  15. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  16. 安徽省某农村地区儿童自尊水平及其影响因素分析%Self-esteem status and its influencing factors among children in one rural area of Anhui Province in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩腾伟; 杨林胜; 王铁柱; 顾超美; 孙莹; 曹庆庆; 陈明春; 孙业桓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the current status of children self-esteem and its influencing factors in one rural area of Anhui Province, so as to provide the basis for the development of self-esteem intervention program. Methods A total of 2 917 students were recruited as the subjects from Changfeng County of Anhui Province with cluster sampling method. Data were collected by using the Children's Self-Esteem Scale, the Family APGAR Index, the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and the Social Anxiety Scale, etc. Results Among the participants, 1 694 left-behind children, accounted for 58.1% of the total students, were surveyed. Data from the analysis of covariance showed that the difference of self-esteem between the left-behind children and other children was statistically significant( F=3.942,P<0.05) only when adjusting the negative coping styles, social anxiety and family function simultaneously. Data from multivariable linear regression analysis showed that the children who had higher height, well academic achievement, well peer relationships, high cultural degree of father education, well family function, good quality of life, left-behind situation , attended extracurricular activities and taking positive coping styles were more vulnerable to promote the level of self-esteem; the children with low score of children's social anxiety and taking negative coping styles had lower level of self-esteem. Conclusion According to the ecological system development , many comprehensive effect factors of ecological subsystem are found to be involved in self-esteem among children. It is helpful to promote the level of self-esteem among children in rural area based on the cooperation of society, school and family, etc.%目的 探讨儿童自尊现状及其影响因素,为进一步开展针对性心理健康教育及制定干预措施提供科学依据.方法 整群抽取长丰县农村地区2 917名中小学生作为研究对象,运用自编的中小学生身心健康状况与相关

  17. Nature and Environment of the Hainan Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    MO,TINGHUI

    2009-01-01

    Hainan island enjoys a long history, but Hainan province is the youngest province of the People's Republic of China. The province has the smallest land area but the biggest ocean area of any province in China. As the largest island of Hainan province, Hainan island, like a pearl, is mounted in the vast blue water of South China Sea. With tropical resort resources, Hainan island has radiant sunshine, soft sandy beaches, blowing sea breeze, the relaxing and healthy spa, wonderful folkways of mi...

  18. The Flour Lantern Custom in North Anhui Province%皖北元宵节的面灯民俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爽

    2016-01-01

    The Lantern Festival is a traditional festival of the Chinese. There is a custom of lighting lanterns on the day in order to drive out evil spirits. With the development of society, the custom changed gradually, and many special local products appeared such as Denglong lantern, Huadeng lantern and flour lantern. In north Anhui Province, there is a custom of mak-ing flour lantern on the Lantern Festival. This unique custom not only adds an atmosphere to the festival but also reflects the wisdom and a good vision for the future of the Chinese people.%元宵节是我国的传统节日。在元宵节当天,人们都有点灯的习俗,意在驱邪避凶。随着时间的发展,与灯相关的风俗逐步演化,出现了很多具有地方特色的产品出现,如灯笼、花灯、面灯等。在皖北地区,每到元宵节,家家户户都有蒸面灯的习俗。这种独具特色的面灯习俗在漫长的历史发展中不仅为节日增添了丰富多彩的乐趣,也体现了我国民间生活的智慧与对未来生活的美好憧憬。

  19. Green Barriers for China Tea : A Case Study of Anhui Tea Imports and Exports Co., Ltd Faces Green Barriers in Exporting

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Yanjing

    2014-01-01

    Tea industry is one of the traditional industries in China, and it is an indispensable livelihood industry with obvious competitive advantages in China. As we know, the economy of China has grown quickly after sweeping economic reform. Nowadays, the green barriers have become the most popular topic in the tea exporting area. No country escapes the impact of green barriers. Similarly, green barriers will bring opportunities and challenges. Anhui Tea Imports and Exports Co., Ltd is an i...

  20. 安徽民间金融与经济增长的关系分析%Relationship Between Private Finance and Economic Growth Of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红柳

    2015-01-01

    On base of the Solow model,analyzing the relationship between private finance and economic growth using regression analysis,cointegration test ,error correction model( ECM),impulse response function and variance decomposition techniques by the data of Anhui province. The results showed that:the size of private finance has a significant positive effect mechanism to economic growth of Anhui Province and the elasticity coefficient is0. 26. However,private finance has lower contribution rate (7. 7% )compared with the formal financial and number of employees affecting economic growth. Based on these research re-sults,from the perspective of private finance a number of recommendations,in order to provide reference for the economic growth of Anhui.%文章在索洛模型的基础上,利用安徽省的样本数据对民间金融与经济增长之间的相互作用关系,采用回归分析、协整检验以及误差修正模型( ECM)、脉冲响应函数以及方差分解技术进行研究,结果表明:安徽省民间金融规模对经济增长具有明显的正向作用机制,弹性系数为0.26;但相比与正规金融以及从业人数,民间金融对经济增长的贡献率较低,为7.7%.在上述研究结果的基础上,从民间金融的角度出发提出了一些改进建议,以期对安徽经济的增长提供参考.

  1. 安徽省国内旅游经济增长与区域差异空间格局演变%Domestic Tourism Economic Growth and Spatial Pattern Evolution of Regional Tourism Differences in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈惊宏; 陆玉麒; 周玉翠; 沈宏婷

    2012-01-01

    以安徽省2000-2010年国内旅游收入为例,从区域的绝对差异、相对差异和区域差异程度等数理特性及区域空间中心、极化格局、地带差异格局和市域间差异的发散与收敛格局这一从整体到局部的空间特征上分析了安徽省国内旅游经济增长过程中区域差异的演变特点。结果显示安徽省国内旅游经济区域绝对差异上升,基本收入相对差距和目标收入相对差距演变态势相反;旅游购物收入对总基尼系数贡献趋大,是今后缩小区域差异的重要对象;合肥、黄山、安庆是安徽国内旅游经济发展的极化中心也是旅游空间中心南移的主要因子;地带空间格局演变分2000-2005年的收敛趋同、2005-2006年的发散分异、2006-2010年的收敛趋同3个阶段;市域间差异分析表明淮北、宿州、淮南、阜阳、蚌埠、六安、马鞍山7城市呈向下发散,是现阶段国内旅游经济发展较弱的城市,有待扩大旅游规模。%Due to the advantage differences of tourism resources endowments,geography location,transportation advantage,regional development policies,regional tourism economic development has always great disparities in China.The quantitive characteristics and spatial patterns of the domestic tourism income in 17 cities of Anhui Province in 2000-2010 are taken as an example and analyzed in the article.The evolution features of regional disparity of domestic tourism income in the process of the economic growth are analyzed on the base of the quantitive properties of absolute disparity,relative disparity,degree of regional disparity and spatial patterns from global district to local district of regional spatial centre,polarization patterns,regional disparity patterns,and disparities between the domain pattern of divergence and convergence.The results show that with the growth of domestic tourism economy,the absolute disparity of total tourism income and the sectional tourism income

  2. A New Bird Record of Calonectris leucomelas in Anhui Province%安徽省鸟类分布新纪录——白额鹱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯银续; 金磊; 虞磊; 张保卫

    2012-01-01

    In November, 2011, one Calonectris leucomelas was found and photoed in Shushan Lake (117. 195 625 E, 31. 888 053 N) in Hefei of Anhui Province. On the basis of fauna literature analysis, this bird was recognized as a new bird record in Anhui Province. The new bird record is helpful and important for Calonectris leucomelas study, especially for its geographical distribution and migration channels%2011年11月在安徽省合肥市蜀山湖水库(117.195 625 E,31.888 053 N)观察到白额鹱(Calonectris leucomelas)1只,并拍摄到照片.经查阅相关文献资料,证实白额鹱为安徽省鸟类分布新记录.在安徽发现白额鹱对于研究其地理分布和迁徙通道等具有重要的学术意义.

  3. 安徽省马铃薯主要病害的发生与防治%Occurrence and Control of Tomato Main Diseases in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗守进

    2015-01-01

    介绍了安徽省马铃薯主要病害——马铃薯晚疫病、马铃薯早疫病、马铃薯黑胫病、马铃薯疮痂病、马铃薯黑痣病的病原及特征、侵染循环、发生规律和危害症状,重点从农业防治、物理防治和化学防治等方面提出各个病害的综合防治方法,为进一步推进安徽省马铃薯产业的发展,促进马铃薯丰产增收提供了一定的依据.%The pathogen and their characteristics,infection cycle, occur-rence regularity,damage symptom of potato main diseases (potato late blight, potato early blight,potato black shank disease,potato scab,potato tar spot) in Anhui Province were introduced,and comprehensive control measures were mainly put forward from agricultural control, physical control and chemical control.This study provided a support for promoting potato industry development and improving the yield of potato in An-hui Province.

  4. 安徽淮河流域全新世环境演变对新石器遗址时空分布的影响%Impact of Holocene environmental change on temporal-spatial distribution of Neolithic sites in Huaihe River Basin, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄润; 朱诚; 关勇

    2006-01-01

    The Huaihe River basin of Anhui is not only a transitional zone of physical geography, but also a convergent area of many cultures in China. It is one of the sensitive ecotones to global changes and the birthplace of Chinese civilization. Using the field archaeological data and the sporo-pollens and the age data of the drilling cores, we analysed Neolithic cultural development and environmental evolution in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui. According to the combination of some research results in archaeology with environmental evolution research, this paper discusses the relationship between culture and environment in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui. The Neolithic cultural development was strongly impacted by the environmental change. The primitive culture (Shishanzi) was developed in the beginning of the Holocene Megathermal Period with distinct regional feature of the culture. From 6.5 kaBP to 5.5 kaBP, the climate changed warmer and wetter. The frequent occurrence of flood and waterlog due to such a climate regime and high sea level caused the earth's surface environment deteriorated in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui and the interruption of the Neolithic cultural development, hence a lack of archaeological sites. From 5.5kaBP to 4.0 kaBP, the climate changed from wet to dry, the natural environment was propitious to human survival. Dawenkou Culture and Longshan Culture flourished in this period. The Neolithic cultural development, the number of the sites and their distribution characteristics of the sites in the study area differed apparently from those in Central China and Shandong Province.

  5. Competitive aerobics in anhui province in ordinary university to carry out the necessity and feasibility of reflection%安徽高校开展竞技健美操必要性及可行性反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董琦; 姚煜

    2011-01-01

    通过考察教师和学生的教学现状,以竞技训练和大众健身的双重视角,对竞技健美操体育课程进行定位分析,反思并探讨竞技健美操在安徽省普通高校发展的必要性和可行性。%Pick of the 20th century,college teaching content reform and the cultivation of students' autonomous elective system needs,competitive aerobics sports were fast implanted anhui university physical education curriculum,to a certain extent,improve and expand the anhui university physical education.However,in "health first" become school sports consensus today,based on the existing conditions of ordinary university in anhui province,review the anhui ordinary university development of athletic calisthenics appear some phenomena and problems.Through the investigation of teachers and students teaching situation,with athletic training and public health,the double perspective of competitive aerobics sports curriculum positioning analysis,reflection and discussion of aerobics in anhui province in ordinary colleges and development of necessity and feasibility.

  6. 安徽省服务贸易的影响因素分析%Analysis of Influence Factors of Service Trade of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万红先; 王利平

    2014-01-01

    基于1995~2013年的年度数据对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行了实证分析。首先采用主成分分析法将涉及的多个指标转化为少数几个概括性的综合指标,以消除解释变量间的多重共线性,再利用回归分析法对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行实证分析。结果显示,安徽省人均GDP、安徽省货物贸易进出口额、安徽省实际利用外资金额、人力资本、安徽省服务贸易开放度、安徽省居民消费价格指数、安徽省城市化水平和汇率均与该省服务贸易额呈正相关。最后在此基础上提出政策建议。%Based on the annual data of 1995~2013 ,the influencing factors of service trade in Anhui province have been analyzed empirically .First of all ,using principal component analysis (pca) ,multiple indicators involved will be changed into a few general comprehensive index ,to eliminate and explain the multicolinearity between the variables .Regression analysis method makes an empirical analysis on the influencing factors of service trade in our province .The results showed that the per capita GDP in Anhui province ,import and export of goods trade ,the amount of the actual use of foreign capital ,human capital in Anhui province ,the openness of service trade ,the consumer price index ,urbanization level and exchange rate are positively correlated with the service trade .Finally ,countermeasures and suggestions are put forward .

  7. Livestock rabies outbreaks in Shanxi province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ye; Shi, Yanyan; Yu, Mingyang; Xu, Weidi; Gong, Wenjie; Tu, Zhongzhong; Ding, Laixi; He, Biao; Guo, Huancheng; Tu, Changchun

    2016-10-01

    Dogs play an important role in rabies transmission throughout the world. In addition to the severe human rabies situation in China, spillover of rabies virus from dogs in recent years has caused rabies outbreaks in sheep, cattle and pigs, showing that there is an increasing threat to other domestic animals. Two livestock rabies outbreaks were caused by dogs in Shanxi province, China from April to October in 2015, resulting in the deaths of 60 sheep, 10 cattle and one donkey. Brain samples from one infected bovine and the donkey were determined to be rabies virus (RABV) positive by fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The complete RABV N genes of the two field strains, together with those of two previously confirmed Shanxi dog strains, were amplified, sequenced and compared phylogenetically with published sequences of the N gene of RABV strains from Shanxi and surrounding provinces. All of the strains from Shanxi province grouped closely, sharing 99.6 %-100 % sequence identity, indicating the wide distribution and transmission of dog-mediated rabies in these areas. This is the first description of donkey rabies symptoms with phylogenetic analysis of RABVs in Shanxi province and surrounding regions. The result emphasizes the need for mandatory dog rabies vaccination and improved public education to eradicate dog rabies transmission. PMID:27422397

  8. 安徽省肉鹅养殖现状及其疫病防控措施%Present Situation of Broiler Geese Breeding in Anhui Province and Its Diseases Prevention and Control Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱淼

    2015-01-01

    China's animal husbandry industry was developed as a pillar indus-try to promote agricultural efficiency and farmer income increase after thirty years of reform and opening up. In recent years, water poultry meat, especially the goose meat increasingly favored by con-sumers, and the market had great poten-tial. Anhui as a big poultry province, to develop poultry industry had unique ad-vantages in resources. In the production of broiler geese, the disease had become an important factor restricting the goose industry. The paper analyzed the eco-nomic value of the geese and present sit-uation of the goose breeding industry in Anhui, and analyzed the disease which was one of the restricting factors of the development of the goose breeding indus-try from the aspects of prevention and treatment, designing to provide the ref-erence materials for the further develop-ment of the goose breeding industry in Anhui.%改革开放30余年来,我国畜牧产业发展为促进农业增效和农民增收的支柱产业。近年来水禽肉尤其是鹅肉越来越受到消费者的青睐,市场潜力巨大。安徽是家禽大省,发展禽肉产业有着得天独厚的资源优势。在养鹅生产中,疾病一直是制约肉鹅业发展的重要因素。文中对肉鹅的经济价值以及安徽肉鹅养殖产业的现状进行分析,并从预防和治疗等方面对制约肉鹅养殖业发展因素之一疫病进行了分析,旨在为安徽省肉鹅养殖业的进一步发展提供参考资料。

  9. The Analysis on the Temporal and Spatial Variation of Strong Precipitation Caused Flood and Agricultural Disaster Loss in Huaihe River Basin of Anhui Province during Meiyu Period of 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to analyze temporal and spatial variation of strong precipitation caused flood and agricultural disaster loss in Huaihe River basin of Anhui Province during Meiyu period of 2007.[Method] On the basis of rainfalls of each station in Huaihe River basin of Anhui,rainfall data during Meiyu period of 2007 and flood disaster data in the same period,the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of strong precipitation caused flood during Meiyu period of 2007 and its harm on a...

  10. SURVEY OF INTEGRITY MARKETING IN TECHNOLOGY-BASED SMEs IN ANHUI, CHINA

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Xiao

    2010-01-01

    The thesis concentrates on investigating and describing the current situation of integrity marketing in technology-based SMEs in Anhui, and attempting to explore the principles of integrity marketing. The objective is to provide some guidelines for technology-based SMEs. The main research approaches include qualitative research and quantitative research. The methods utilized in the research are analysis of literature and internet resources, focus groups, and a questionnaire survey. Theoret...

  11. Comparative Research on the Rural Development Levels of 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the 2010 China Statistical Yearbook,a total of 12 indicators in the aspects of residents’ production,consumption expenditure,and living conditions are selected in order to construct the indicator system of rural development level.Both factor analysis and cluster analysis methods are adopted to compare the current situations of rural development levels in 31 provinces and regions of China.Result of factor analysis shows that the 12 indicators can be classified into 4 factors,such as the income and expenditure factor,the agricultural scale and science and technology factor,the life quality factor,and the agricultural output factor.Moreover,factors affecting the rural development level of China are analyzed.Then,the 31 provinces and regions are divided into 4 categories according to the development levels in rural areas:the first category is Shanghai,Beijing and Zhejiang,which have the highest development level in rural areas;the second category includes Jiangsu,Shandong and Tianjin,which take the 4th to 6th places;the third category is Guangdong,Jilin,Liaoning,Hebei,Fujian,Heilongjiang,Henan,Inner Mongolia,Anhui,Hubei,Hunan and Jiangxi,which rank the 7th-18th;and the fourth category includes Sichuan,Hainan,Ningxia,Shanxi,Guangxi,Shanxi,Xinjiang,Chongqing,Tibet,Yunnan,Gansu,Qinghai and Guizhou,taking the 19th-31st places.

  12. 中部崛起背景下安徽民营体育经济发展策略研究%Development Strategies of Private Sports Economy in Anhui under the Background of Central China Rise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻又文; 王晓东

    2016-01-01

    中部崛起的国家战略为安徽省民营体育经济发展带来了机遇,但安徽省民营体育经济发展的快速增长仍受到制约。政府应当从全省经济发展的战略高度出发,优化安徽民营体育经济发展的政策环境;民营体育经济也要抢抓机遇,关注创新人才的培育和吸纳,加强本地体育资源和体育无形资产的开发与利用。%The national strategy of central China rise has provided opportunities for private sports economic development of An-hui, but its fast growth is still being limited .The government should optimize the policy environment of Anhui ’ s private sports eco-nomic development from the strategic height of the economy of the whole province .Private sports economy is supposed to seize the opportunities, focus on the cultivation and absorption of innovative talents and strengthen the exploitation and employment of local sports resources and intangible assets.

  13. 论完善安徽省大学生就业政策%On Perfecting the College Graduates' Employment Policies of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江俊

    2012-01-01

    Under the opportunity of the construction of the WanJiang demonstration area, Anhui province should be perfected the college graduates' employment policies, strengthened the support of construction of major courses in colleges, and improved the trainee system of college graduates. Finally, the improvement of college students' employment ability must be realized.%安徽省应抓住皖江示范区建设的机遇,通过完善安徽省大学生就业政策,加大对高校重点学科专业建设的扶持力度。进一步完善安徽省高校毕业生就业见习制度,最终实现大学生就业能力的提高。

  14. 基于DEA的安徽省绿色创新效率测度%Measurement of Green Innovation Efficiency In Anhui Province Based on DEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王七萍

    2015-01-01

    It will contribute to sustainable development of regional economy to integrate energy conservation and environmental factors into the evaluation of innovation efficiency. In this paper,two different models were used to measure the traditional innovation efficiency and green innovation efficiency in Anhui Province. The results show that the green innovation efficiency is significantly lower than traditional innovation efficiency,and innovation ef-ficiency is overestimated without considering the energy situation and environmental factors. The main factors are significantly different to the two perspectives of innovation. The energy conservation and environmental protection have become the major factors influencing the green innovation efficiency of Anhui Province.%进行创新效率测度时考虑能源节约与环境保护因素,将有利于区域经济可持续发展。运用DEA两种不同模型,对安徽省2003~2012年传统创新效率与绿色创新效率分别进行测算和比较分析。研究结果表明,考虑能源和环境因素的绿色创新效率明显低于传统视角下的创新效率,说明在不考虑能源与环境因素情况下安徽省创新效率被明显高估;同时,两种视角下创新效率的主要影响因素有明显区别,能源节约与环境保护已成为影响安徽省绿色创新效率的主要因素。

  15. Risk factors for injuries in empty nest elderly in Anhui province%安徽省空巢老人伤害的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪全海; 丁伶灵; 贺连平; 聂淼; 黄志伟; 祁秦; 陈燕; 金岳龙; 姚应水

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To explore the risk factors causing injuries of the eld-erly living in empty nest families in Anhui province for effective measures and policy decision to prevent such incidence .Methods:By randomized cluster sampling,we conducted the survey on empty nest elderly citizens over 60 years ,living in urban areas ,suburbs or rural villages of south and north Anhui province with questionnaire that included demographic information and status of injury.Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was performed for data analysis .Results: Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the empty nest elderly living in Northern Anhui with a habit of staying up late at night were predisposing to injury ( OR =1.893,95% CI:1.186-3.022;OR =1.969,95% CI:1.285 -3.018,respectively),whereas the incidences were less likely in those living in urban areas with higher edu-cational background (OR=0.638,95% CI:0.470-0.865;OR=0.755,95%CI:0.578-0.985,respectively).Conclusion:The incidence of injury in the elderly living in empty nest families are associated with the either urban or rural areas,educational background ,residential areas and habit of staying up late.Thus,the measures should be individually to prevent the risks and im-prove the life quality of the elder population .%  目的:探讨导致安徽省空巢老人伤害的危险因素,为减少空巢老人伤害的发生提供可能的干预措施,并为制定政策提供一定的参考依据。方法:选取安徽省江南、江北8个地区的部分市区、郊区及农村60岁及以上空巢老人为研究对象,采用分层抽样的方法,进行问卷调查。调查内容主要包括老年居民

  16. Risk Zonation of Cold Disaster Based on GIS: A Case Study of Anhui Province%基于GIS的低温冷冻灾害风险区划研究——以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐为安; 田红; 杨元建; 卢燕宇; 徐光清; 温华洋; 王胜

    2012-01-01

    Using the meteorological,geographical,agricultural and socio-economical data,the four indexes,including the danger of disaster-causing factors,the sensitivity of disaster-formative environments,the vulnerability of disaster-bearing body and the capability of disaster prevention,were presented and used to analyze the regional difference of cold disaster in Anhui Province based on the natural disaster risk theory.Furthermore,a comprehensive risk index model of cold disaster was constructed to zone the risk of cold disaster in Anhui Province using the above four disaster risk indexes and GIS.Finally,the zonation results were validated by the historical disaster data.The results showed that the cold disaster risk assessment model of Anhui Province was reasonable and objective,and its assessment results were relatively suitable for the fact of clod disaster risk in Anhui Province.Particularly,the high risk zones of cold disaster were mainly located in the northern areas of Anhui Province and the some mountainous areas,and the low risk of cold disaster zones were mainly located near water and cities areas in Anhui Province.Comparing with the historical disaster data,the zonation of cold disaster results were in accordance with the actual distributions.This work provided convincing evidences to assess,prevent and reduce natural cold disaster.%以安徽省为例,基于自然灾害风险形成原理,利用气象、基础地理信息、农业和社会经济等方面数据,从致灾因子危险性、孕灾环境敏感性、承灾体易损性以及抗灾能力等4个方面来综合评估安徽省低温冷冻灾害风险程度的地区差异,最终建立综合的灾害风险指数,并将该指数应用于安徽省低温冷冻灾害进行风险区划及结果验证。结果表明,安徽省低温灾害风险评估模型比较客观,较全面地反映出安徽省的低温冷冻灾害风险水平。

  17. A preliminary report on selection and breeding of 'Fengyang 1-6' Camellia oleifera in Jianghuai region of Anhui Province%安徽江淮油茶‘凤阳1~6号’选优初报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春生; 胡娟娟; 束庆龙

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of no superior trees of Camellia oleifera in Jianghuai region, selecting and breeding superior trees of Camellia oleifera have been conducted in the most northern edge (Fengyang county) of the distribution of Camellia oleifera in Anhui Province since 2007. Six superior individuals ( ' Fengyang 1-6' ) of C. oleifera were selected out in 2011 through a process of resource investigation, primary, checking and final selection. The average single fruit weight, fruit weight per plant, fresh seed rate, dry seed rate, kernel percent, solvent extraction of oil in kernel, solvent extraction of oil in fruit, unsaturated fatty acids contents and oil output per unit area of these six superior individuals were 16. 99 g, 9.62 kg, 45. 22% , 62. 41% , 69. 17% , 51. 45% , 10. 17% , 90. 3% and 0.13 kg/m2 respectively, all of which achieved the standard of selecting C. oleifera superior trees in China. These superior individual plants provided a basis for developing elite varieties in Jianghuai region of Anhui Province and other regions with similar ecotype in Chink.%为了解决安徽江淮地区无油茶良种推广的问题,自2007年以来,在安徽油茶分布的最北缘凤阳县,开展油茶优树选育工作.经过资源调查、初选、复选后,于2011年筛选出‘凤阳1~6号’6个油茶优良单株.这6个优良单株平均单果质量为16.99 9,平均株产量9.62 kg,鲜出籽率为45.22%,干籽率为62.41%,出仁率为69.17%,仁含油率为51.45%,果油率为10.17%,不饱和脂肪酸含量为90.3%,单位产油量0.13 kg/m2,各项指标均达到我国油荼优树的选择标准.该系列油茶优树的选出为安徽江淮地区乃至我国油茶分布的北缘地带发展油荼提供了良种培育的基础.

  18. Research on the Development Strategy of Scientific and Technological Small and Micro Enterprises in Anhui Province under the Economic New Normality%经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖志雄; 蔡金秋

    2015-01-01

    China's economic development is entering a new normality. Based on the background of econom?ic new normality,this paper analyzes the affecting factors and existing problems of the development of scientifi?cand technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province,and puts forward the development strategy of scientific and technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province from the aspects of government poli?cy,financing channel,organization structure,personnel introduction and so on.%我国经济发展正步入新常态.本文结合经济新常态背景,分析了安徽省科技型小微企业发展的影响因素和存在的问题,从政府政策、融资渠道、组织结构、人才引进等方面提出了经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业的发展策略.

  19. 经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业发展策略研究%Research on the Development Strategy of Scientific and Technological Small and Micro Enterprises in Anhui Province under the Economic New Normality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖志雄; 蔡金秋

    2015-01-01

    我国经济发展正步入新常态.本文结合经济新常态背景,分析了安徽省科技型小微企业发展的影响因素和存在的问题,从政府政策、融资渠道、组织结构、人才引进等方面提出了经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业的发展策略.%China's economic development is entering a new normality. Based on the background of econom?ic new normality,this paper analyzes the affecting factors and existing problems of the development of scientifi?cand technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province,and puts forward the development strategy of scientific and technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province from the aspects of government poli?cy,financing channel,organization structure,personnel introduction and so on.

  20. Characterization of serogroup C meningococci isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966-2005 using comparative genomic hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG JunPing; ZHANG XiaoBing; YANG E; WANG Jing; YANG Jian; SHAO ZhuJun; JIN Qi

    2007-01-01

    Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide. In China, serogroup A strains were responsible for over 95% of the cases, while serogroup B strains were mainly the cause of localized outbreaks and sporadic cases. Before 2003, serogroup C strains were only recovered from a few sporadic cases. However, a sudden increase in the number of cases due to serogroup C strains occurred during 2003-2005 in Anhui Province, China. Many cases were found in other provinces at the same time. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) results indicated that the unique sequence type 4821 clone meningococci, a new hyper-virulent lineage, was responsible for the serogroup C meningitis outbreaks. We have completed the project of sequencing the whole genome of the Chinese N. meningitidis serogroup C representative isolate 053442. We fabricated a whole-genome microarray of N. meningitidis isolate 053442 and analyzed the genome composition differences among 81 serogroup C isolates which were isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966-2005. The comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) result shows that the genome compositions of nearly all serogroup C isolates are similar to that of 053442. The products of many absent open reading frames (ORFs) are conserved hypothetical proteins. The results will provide a valuable resource from which one can analyze the genome composition and genetic background of serogroup C meningococci in China.

  1. Characterization of serogroup C meningococci isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966—2005 using comparative genomic hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide. In China, serogroup A strains were responsible for over 95% of the cases, while serogroup B strains were mainly the cause of localized outbreaks and sporadic cases. Before 2003, serogroup C strains were only re-covered from a few sporadic cases. However, a sudden increase in the number of cases due to sero-group C strains occurred during 2003—2005 in Anhui Province, China. Many cases were found in other provinces at the same time. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) results indicated that the unique se-quence type 4821 clone meningococci, a new hyper-virulent lineage, was responsible for the serogroup C meningitis outbreaks. We have completed the project of sequencing the whole genome of the Chi-nese N. meningitidis serogroup C representative isolate 053442. We fabricated a whole-genome mi-croarray of N. meningitidis isolate 053442 and analyzed the genome composition differences among 81 serogroup C isolates which were isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966—2005. The com-parative genomic hybridization (CGH) result shows that the genome compositions of nearly all sero-group C isolates are similar to that of 053442. The products of many absent open reading frames (ORFs) are conserved hypothetical proteins. The results will provide a valuable resource from which one can analyze the genome composition and genetic background of serogroup C meningococci in China.

  2. The Dynamic Change in the Total Arable Land and its Driving Forces in Tongling City of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; LI; Zhongxiang; YU

    2014-01-01

    According to Anhui Statistical Yearbook( 2003-2012) and the second national land survey data,this article analyzes the current situation of land use and the dynamic change in the total arable land in Tongling City. On the basis of this,using grey relational analysis,this article analyzes the driving forces for arable land changes in Tongling City. Studies show that population growth,the improvement of level of urbanization and the rapid development of the economy are the main driving forces for arable land changes. Based on the findings,the strategies are put forth in order to ensure the dynamic balance of total arable land.

  3. New Marketing Channel for Special Local Agricultural Products in Anhui Province%安徽省特色农产品营销渠道创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 雷勋平

    2012-01-01

    In Anhui Province, special local agricultural products represent local brands and play an importanl and leading role in forming the agricultural product structure and in increasing farmers' income. The marketing channels for thesc products have been basically formed, but there arc still some problems. We have conducted extensive researches in major areas of the province and in this paper we put forward new strategies concerning marketing channels of these products in the hope to promote development of agricultural businesses and further increase farmers' income.%特色农产品在安徽省整个农产品结构中发挥着重要的引领作用,是地方农产品品牌的代表,其产业发展对于农民增收具有重要的推动作用。安徽省特色农产品营销渠道虽已初步形成,但尚存在一些问题。本课题组通过对安徽省典型地区进行广泛调研,提出安徽省特色农产品渠道创新策略,希望促进农民的增收和农业企业的发展。

  4. Pollution distribution and health risk assessment of heavy metals in indoor dust in Anhui rural, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yuesheng; Fang, Fengman; Wang, Fei; Xu, Minglu

    2015-09-01

    Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, V, Ni, Co, and As concentrations of indoor dust in Anhui rural were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The degrees of metal pollution in indoor dust ranked as follows: Zn > Pb > Cr > Cu > V > Ni > Co > As, on average. The arithmetic means of Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, V, Ni, Co, and As were 427.17, 348.73, 107.05, 113.68, 52.64, 38.93, 10.29, and 4.46 mg/kg, respectively. These were higher than background values of Anhui soil for Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Ni, especially for Pb with the mean value of 13.21 times the background value. Heavy metal concentrations of indoor dust were different from different rural areas. House type (bungalows or storied house), sweeping frequency, and external environment around the house (such as the road grade) affected heavy metal concentrations in indoor dust. The results of factor analysis and correlation analysis indicated that Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn, and Co concentrations were mainly due to interior paint, metal objects, and building materials. Pb and As concentrations were due to vehicle emissions. V concentration was mainly of natural source. Average daily doses for the exposure pathway of the studied heavy metals decreased in children in the following order: hand-to-mouth ingestion > dermal contact > inhalation. The non-carcinogenic risks of heavy metals ranked as Pb > V > Cr > Cu > Zn > As > Co > Ni, and the carcinogenic risks of metals decreased in the order of Cr > Co > As > Ni. The non-carcinogenic hazard indexes and carcinogenic risks of metals in indoor dust were both lower than the safe values.

  5. Serological Investigation of Swine Toxoplasmosis in Partial Area of Anhui Province%安徽部分地区猪弓形虫病的血清学调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向忠菊; 段永兰; 岳新军; 陈鹏举

    2011-01-01

    In order to understand the status of toxoplasmosis infection on pigs in partial area of Anhui Province, 1 227 samples of swine serum were collected from pig farms (households) in partial regions of Anhui Province, and the toxoplasma antibodies of these serums were detected by indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The results showed that the average positive rate was 24.29% for all of the samples, so it means that the toxoplasmosis infections were widespread in pig farms of Anhui Province, and its prevalence and occurrence related to the culture month and the culture size.%为了解安徽地区猪感染弓形虫病的情况,从安徽省部分地区养殖场(户)采取猪血清1 227份、采用间接血凝试验(IHA)检测弓形虫抗体.结果显示:平均阳性率为24.29%,表明安徽地区猪弓形虫病普遍存在.其发生与流行与养殖月份和养殖规模相关.

  6. Evaluation on the Health of the Real Estate Market in Anhui Province%安徽省房地产市场健康状况评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁秋霞; 杨晔; 汪新苗; 高雨辰

    2014-01-01

    通过建立房地产市场健康评价指标体系,利用安徽省房地产市场2002-2012年的相关数据,构建一套科学体系来评价房地产市场健康状况。通过主成分分析方法建立二级指标的权重,运用系统化方法确定了安徽省房地产市场的健康区间。从价格、规模、均衡、结构、速度5个角度,对14个发展指标进行评价,以探讨安徽省房地产市场的健康状况。%Through building an evaluation index system of the real estate market,using the data of the real estate market in Anhui province from 2002 to 2012,it built a scientific system to evaluate the health of the real estate. It established the weight of each secondary indicators through principal component analysis and using the systematic approach to determine the health range of the real estate market in Anhui prov-ince. It also evaluated the 14 indicators from the price,size,balance,structure and speed and investigated the health of the real estate market in Anhui province.

  7. 2nd China Standardization Forum Opened in Huangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The 2nd China Standardization Forum held by the Standardization Administration of China opened in the auditorium of the People's Government of Huangshan City, Anhui Province at forenoon on May 27.Nearly 400 people including corporate representatives from Germany, England, Japan and Norway etc, as well as standardization personnel from 28 provinces,municipalities directly under the central government and autonomous regions, gathered together to discuss new situations and new problems emerging from the development and its direction of China's standardization work in the atmosphere of the integration of global economy. Ma Lincong, General Secretary of CAS and Deputy Director of Forum Organizing Committee presided over the opening ceremony, at which,Sun Xiaokang, Deputy Director of SAC, Li Hongming, Mayor of Huangshan City, Anhui Province and Qi Weidao, Vice-president of Quality and Technology Supervision Bureau of Anhui Province gave speeches at the opening ceremony respectively.

  8. 安徽旅行社企业核心竞争力问题探析%On the Core Competitiveness of the Travel Agencies in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章筱蕾

    2011-01-01

    随着我省旅游经济的快速发展,旅行社业作为旅游业的龙头产业,在其核心竞争力发展中所表现出的问题尤其突出。本文针对安徽旅行社行业核心竞争力发展现状,着重对旅行社内部战略层面进行分析,提出从旅行社品牌建设、产品创新、员工队伍建设和企业文化建设四个方面全面提升旅行社核心竞争力。%With the rapid development of the tourism economy in Anhui province, travel agency has been a leading industry in tourism. However, many outstanding issues can be found in its core competitiveness. This article makes a deep analysis of the internal strategies of travel agency industry in terms of the present condition of the core competitiveness and offers some suggestions on how to completely improve the core competitiveness of a travel agency in terms of its brand construction, innovation in tourism products, organization of tourism staff and cultivation of business culture.

  9. Occurrence and Defense of Frost Disaster in Anhui Province%安徽省霜冻灾害的发生及防御

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩丽

    2015-01-01

    The cause,types,spatial and temporal distribution regularities of frost disaster in Anhui Province were intro-duced at first,then the harm mechanism and the harm to crops were put forward, at last,the defense measures were mainly proposed,such as smoking method,irri-gation method and covering method.This study provided a basis for mitigating frost disaster risks and reducing the agricul-tural production losses.%介绍了安徽省霜冻灾害的成因、类型、时空分布规律,并提出其危害机理、对农作物的危害等,重点提出防御措施,如烟熏法、灌水法、覆盖法,为减轻霜冻危害风险,减少农业生产损失提供了依据。

  10. 扶持返乡农民工创业的对策研究——以安徽省为例%Research on the Entrepreneurship of Migrant Workers Returning Home---exemplified by Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 唐国银

    2011-01-01

    Currently, in Anhui Province, a traditional major province in exporting labor, more andmore migrant workers returning home would like to stay at their hometown, and most of them want to set up their own business. Obviously, the local government should give vigorous aid to these home-going migrant workers. Therefore, Anhui Province could draw on the successful experiences of other provinces for helping the migrant workers returning home, among which include financing, entrepreneurship training and business incubator constructing for the home-going migrant workers. In a word, the government should explore an effective way to offer practical help to the home-going migrant workers both based on the actual state of economic and social development in Anhui, and characterized by the new rural construction.%安徽省是劳务输出大省,当前,由于主客观原因的共同影响,大批农民工返乡并滞留在农村。他们之中有很多人怀有创业愿望,针对这些农民工,政府应该大力扶持。安徽省可以借鉴其他省份扶持返乡农民工创业的经验,并从融资、创业培训、打造农民工创业园等三个方面大力扶持返乡农民工创业。挖掘一条既适合我省农村经济社会发展实情,又具有社会主义新农村特色的农民工创业之路。

  11. 安徽省服务贸易的影响因素检验:1995-2013%Analysis of Influence Factors of Service Trade of Anhui Province:1995-2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万红先; 王利平

    2015-01-01

    基于安徽省1995-2013年的年度数据,首先采用主成分分析法从选取的多维变量中得到代表变量信息的主要因素,以消除解释变量间的多重共线性。其次通过回归分析法对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行实证分析。结果显示:安徽省人均GDP、安徽省货物贸易进出口额、安徽省实际利用外资金额、人力资本、安徽省服务贸易开放度、安徽省居民消费价格指数、安徽省城市化水平和汇率均与服务贸易额呈正相关。并在此基础上提出发展安徽省服务贸易的对策建议。%Based on the annual data of Anhui Province from 1995 to 2013 ,the principal component analy‐sis (PCA ) is used to obtain the main factors representing variable information from multi‐variables and to eliminate the multi‐collinearity between the explanatory variables .Then an empirical analysis is made using regression analysis method on the influencing factors of service trade in the province .The results show that the per‐capita GDP in Anhui Province ,import and export of goods trade ,the amount of actual use of foreign capital ,human capital in Anhui Province ,the openness of service trade ,the consumer price index ,urbaniza‐tion level and exchange rate are positively correlated with the service trade .Finally ,some countermeasures and suggestions are put forward on the development of service trade of Anhui Province .

  12. Study of bronzes excavated from Nanling county,Anhui province%安徽南陵出土部分青铜器研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾莹; 刘平生; 黄允兰

    2012-01-01

    安徽省南陵县是长江下游地区最早而且规模最大的冶炼中心之一,其古代矿冶遗址可上溯至西周晚期。本研究对南陵出土的不同年代和类别的青铜器样品进行了金相检测及合金成分定量分析。结果表明,只有容器存在铜铅二元合金和铜锡铅三元合金,但是热锻淬火的容器却不含铅,含锡量恰好位于适合该工艺操作并具有良好性能的区间。兵器、工具、车马饰均为铜锡二元合金,说明当时的工匠对于合金成分配比与性能的关系有明确的认识。越式鼎腹部样品具有热锻淬火马氏体组织,同样的金属结构还见于汉代铜锣等乐器、峡江地区战国中晚期青铜剑、江都大桥镇南朝青铜器窖藏出土的多件青铜容器,而镇江地区出土吴国青铜戈则具有铸造淬火组织,工艺稍有差别。这些器物中发现高锡青铜淬火组织不是偶然的,高锡青铜热锻淬火技术至少可以上溯至春秋战国时期,用以改善高锡青铜的机械性能。%Ancient mining and smelter remains in Nanling county,Anhui province show that this region is one of earliest and biggest metallurgical industry centers in the lower reaches of Yangzi river of China.The earliest Jiangmuchong site was dated to the late West Zhou dynasty. Microstructures and compositions of various bronze samples from Nanling county and dated from late West Zhou Dynasty to Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods were investigatd.Examination reveals that some vessels are copper-lead or copper-tin-lead alloys.However,those made by hot forging,followed by quenching do not contain lead,but rather have a tin content that is right for the technique and good for their properties.Weapons,tools and horse and cart decorations are all copper-tin alloys,suggesting that the bronze artisans at the time had a good understanding of the relationship between an alloy's composition and its properties.The body of a "Ding" in the

  13. 铜陵市河流冬季浮游植物群落结构及其与环境因子的关系%Phytoplankton' s community structure and its relationships with environmental factors in the rivers of Tongling City, Anhui Province of East China in winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 魏伟; 周平; 李杨; 孙庆业

    2013-01-01

    Tongling is one of the main non-ferrous metal mining areas in China, and the biodiversity in the river ecosystem of this area is seriously affected by heavy metals as a result of mining activi-ties. In the winter in 2010, an investigation was conducted on the community structure of phyto-plankton and its relationships with environmental factors in the main sections of the rivers in Tongling. A total of 203 phytoplankton species were identified, belonging to 96 genera and 8 phyla. The community structure of the phytoplankton differed obviously in different river sections, but the communities were all dominated by Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta and Cyanophyta. The phytoplank-ton abundance ranged from 9.1×10 to 6.5×107 cells·L-1, and the quantity of the phytoplankton in the river sections directly carried with mining waste water was significantly low. The Shannon in-dex of the phytoplankton community at different sampling sites ranged from 0 to 3.45, with a signif-icant discrepancy in different river sections. There existed significant correlations between the densi-ty and group number of phytoplankton and the CODCr and cadmium, copper and zinc concentrations in the rivers, and the concentrations of river total nitrogen, NH4+-N, NO3--N, and copper, CODCr and pH were the main environmental variables affecting the phytoplankton' s community structure and its spatial distribution. Although the nutritional status of the river waters had greater effects on the community structure of phytoplankton, the effects of the heavy metals there from mining enter-prises could not be neglected.%铜陵是我国重要的有色金属矿业基地,矿业开采对区域内河流生态系统生物多样性产生严重影响.2010年冬季对铜陵主要河段浮游植物群落结构进行调查,探讨其与环境因子之间的关系.结果表明:铜陵市河流生态系统中共鉴定浮游植物8门96属203种(含变种),不同河段浮游植物群落组成存在差异,但均以硅藻、

  14. Study on the ICT Development Level of Elementary Education in Central China--Based on the Data Analysis of 5 Provinces 14 Cities (Districts) From Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Henan and Anhui%我国中部地区基础教育信息化发展水平研究*--基于湖北、湖南、江西、河南、安徽5省14个市(区)的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴砥; 李枞枞; 周文婷; 卢春

    2016-01-01

    The 5 provinces in central China have similar economic standard and large educational scale. The overall development level of ICT in elementary education in central China is inferior to medium level in nationwide scope. Besides, there is considerably gap among different provinces and different districts in the same province. Based on the spot check data of 14 districts from the 5 provinces, the paper made comparative analysis on the current situation of ICT development level in elementary education in central China. This signiifcant factors which impact the development of the ICT in elementary education in central China include:(1) The disparities of digital resources become obvious. The vast majority of primary and secondary schools haven’t set up school-based resource center, and the situation of high quality digital resources supported by teaching material has become worse; (2) The recognition degree of the information-based teaching application have been gradually improved. However, the application has not been infused into the link of teaching; (3) The ICT management in elementary education is in the initial stage. The application and popularization of ICT management in elementary education should be reinforced; (4) The ICT development level in provincial capital city and side-provincial capital cities are signiifcantly higher than ordinary city. The difference of ICT development of elementary education among districts is obvious.%我国中部5省经济水平相当,基础教育规模接近且总量较大,基础教育信息化整体发展水平在全国范围内属于中等偏下,省域间、省域内的差异较大。基于中部5省14市(区)的基础教育信息化抽样调查数据,该文对我国中部地区省域间、省域内的基础教育信息化发展现状及其差异性进行对比分析。研究发现影响中部省份基础教育信息化发展的显著因素包括:(1)数字资源整体差异较大,绝大部分中小学校未建

  15. Empirical Analysis on Regional Distribution of Export Commodities in Anhui Province from 1999 to 2010%1999—2010年安徽省出口商品地区分布的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力; 程苗

    2012-01-01

    The regional distribution of export commodities in Anhui Province is at a certain state of imbalance, concentrating mainly on Japan, ASEAN of Asia, Hong Kong, EU of Europe and America of North America. It shows that the export commodities of Anhui Province have less reliance on the traditional target market with the export market being increasingly dispersed. The concentration of the traditional export market is decreasing while the distribution of interior areas is uneven, thus the concentration and distribution of the new market increase correspondingly. In this case, Anhui Province should diversify its export market, taking efficient measures to im- prove the regional distribution of its export commodities.%安徽省出口商品地区分布存在一定程度的不平衡性,主要集中于亚洲的日本、东盟和中国香港地区,欧洲的欧盟和北美洲的美国。这反映出安徽省出口商品对传统出口目标市场依赖程度降低,出口市场日益分散化。传统市场出口集中度下降,但内部地区分布不均匀;新兴市场出口集中度和均匀度均提高。为此,安徽省需要深化出口市场多元化战略,采取切实可行的措施,优化出口商品地区分布。

  16. Industrial Pollution Emission Characteristics and Influence Factors On Analysis in Anhui Province%安徽省工业污染排放特征及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢国根; 赵春艳

    2015-01-01

    首先以环境库兹涅茨曲线理论为基础,利用安徽省2000-2013年样本数据,研究了人均GDP与污染综合指数之间的曲线特征和原因,结果表明安徽省库兹涅茨曲线呈N型;其次又采用因素分解法对工业污染物排放量进行了分析,结果表明经济总量的增加对环境污染物排放的起到了主导作用,但是产业结构调整对污染物排放量降低的贡献相对较小。最后对安徽省经济发展与环境保护的协调发展提出了一些建议。%Based on the environmental Kuznets curve theory, the paper makes use of the data from Anhui province form 2000 to 2013 and studies the curve characteristics and the reasons between per capita GDP and pollution composite index. The results show that the Kuznets curve shows“N”in anhui province.Then using the decomposition method to analyze industrial pollutant emissions, the results show that effect of economy on environment pollution has played a leading role, but the industrial structure has a relatively small contri-bution to the decrease of pollutants emission. Finally, it gives some Suggestions abouts the Anhui province economic development and en-vironmental protection coordination development .

  17. 基于神经网络与SUPER-SBM模型的安徽循环经济发展评价%Evaluation of Circular Economy in Anhui Province Based on Neural Network Method and SUPER-SBM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨杰

    2014-01-01

    本文运用神经网络法将不同指标对循环经济的影响进行定量评价。实证结果表明,资源消耗在安徽省的循环经济中占据重要地位,同时经济社会发展和资源再利用指标也处于相同重要的地位。“资源再利用”与“循环经济”密不可分,在有限的资源总量前提下发展循环经济,就必须提高资源的再利用率,这是目前安徽省推动循环经济发展的必由之路。再者,借助SUPER-SBM模型测算得出安徽主要城市循环经济发展水平有所差异。%The papers evaluate the influence of various indicators on circular economy by using neural network method. The empirical results show that the resource consumption has an important role in circular economy in Anhui province, at the same time, economic and social development and resource recycling indicators at the same important level. Resource recycling is closely and inseparably related to circular economy,to develop circular economy and improve the efficiency of resource reutilization is the only way to promote the development of circular economy in Anhui province. What’s more, we can draw other conclusion that there exists difference in development level of circular economy in Anhui province.

  18. 安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病人群分布特征分析%Analysis on the Characteristics of Population Distribution of Measles Cases in Anhui Province during 1997-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴智勤; 唐继海; 张伟青; 刘丹青; 何纳

    2012-01-01

    目的 对安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病人群分布特征进行分析,为制定消除麻疹策略提供参考.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法,对麻疹发病人群分布的相关数据进行统计分析.结果 安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病仍属于小年龄人群发病模式,主要集中在学龄前儿童和小学生,<15岁儿童仍是麻疹高发年龄段.2005年以来,<1岁发病构成比上升明显.结论 提高麻疹减毒活疫苗及时接种率,保持高水平的人群免疫力,是阻断麻疹传播的根本措施.%Objective To analyze the characteristics of population distribution of measles cases in Anhui province during 1997-2010, and provide evidence for the strategies of measles elimination. Methods Colleting the data of population distribution of measles cases during 1997-2010 in Anhui province, and analyze the data by descriptive epidemiology. Results From 1997 to 2010, most of measles cases were found among the children aged 0-14 years old in Anhui province. And most of measles cases are preschool children and pupils. The proportion of measles cases aged < 1 year increased significantly since 2005. Conclusions Improving the timely coverage rate of measles vaccine inoculation in order to maintain a high level of herd immunity is the fundamental measure for preventing the measles epidemic.

  19. 安徽省农村土地综合整治的SWOT分析%SWOT Analysis on the Comprehensive Improvement of the Rural Land in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 包婷婷

    2013-01-01

    This paper argues that the comprehensive improvement of the rural land has become a major strategic choice to promote industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in Anhui province. The SWOT analysis shows that: Strength includes rich implementation experience, great potential improvement, and solid and deep mass base. Weakness has following aspects:there is no comprehensive target; it is dififcult to achieve equivalence between the rural and the urban; and the progress is hard to balance; compensation standards for destroy the old and build the new is low; and it is also dififcult to relfect the land property rights. Opportunity that is faced with: the state attaches great importance to the comprehensive improvement of the rural land;and it is a moment of great opportunity to advance the whole village; and the construction of ecological civilization and beautiful countryside must be comprehensively promoted. Threats are: cultivated land protection situation remains severe; the contradiction between supply and demand of construction land is still glaring;security measures such as laws and regulations are still deifciency. In response to this, this paper suggests that land reclamation management approach of Anhui province should be published. And integrating zoning with pattern is necessary. In addition, the mechanism of fund safeguard must be improved so as to protect farmers' land property rights.%农村土地综合整治已经成为推进安徽省工业化、城镇化和农业现代化的重大战略选择,运用SWOT分析法,分析得出:优势(S),实施经验丰富,整治潜力巨大,群众基础坚实深入;劣势(W),目标缺乏综合性,乡村与城市难以实现等值化,进展难以均衡,宅就建新补偿标准低,宅基地财产权难以体现;机遇(O),国家高度重视,整村推进时机难得,“生态文明”和“美好乡村”建设全面推进;挑战(T),耕地保护形势

  20. Real Time Observing and Forecasting System for Soil Moisture in Anhui Province%安徽省土壤水分监测预测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金华; 杨再强; 杨太明; 李永秀

    2011-01-01

    In order to meet the needs of flood control and drought relief, the operation of soil moisture observation is launched routinely in meteorological department, by artificial boring stick all the time or by automatic measurer in recent years.However, the use of soil moisture data is always lagging with poor matching service and continuity.Based on the soil water observation network (including the manual and automatic network) and many kinds of approaches for data transmission, Real Time Observing and Forecasting System for Soil Moisture in Anhui Province (SMRTOFS) is developed.SMRTOFS is composed of data observation and transmission subsystem, forecast subsystem, and display subsystem.In data observation and transmission subsystem, the data from manual observers and automatic observation stations is collected in real time and stored in standard soil moisture database, and the data from unexpected transmission approach is also automatically gathered and conserved by defining an intermediate file.In forecast subsystem, predicting models of soil water content for each season are established, and soil moisture forecast is achieved using the latest soil water observation data and the coming 10-day weather information.In the display subsystem, based on the secondary development of Golden Software Surfer 8.0 and line bar chart control, the results of soil water observation and prediction in different seasons and different depths are exported and displayed dynamically, with the patterns of data table, the filled contour in spatial scale, bar chart, and so on.In the system, four-level files from observation to application are constructed including observation raw data, standard database, primary products and user products.The operation flow of soil moisture observation and forecast is reduced to transforming the four-level files.With higher applicability and compatibility, the system is applied triumphantly to the service of agricultural drought and waterlogging operation in

  1. The Comparative Study on Curriculum Setting of the College of Physical Education in Anhui Province%安徽省高校体育教育专业课程设置的对比研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 张炳祥

    2013-01-01

    采用文献资料法、调查访谈法、数理统计法、对比分析法,对安徽省8所高校体育教育本科专业课程设置的现状进行调查与分析,总结归纳出了安徽省高校体育教育本科专业课程设置存在的问题,重点提出了安徽省高校体育教育本科专业课程设置的改革对策。提出制定体育教育专业应用型人才培养方案的合理化建议,为体育教育专业的健康发展提供理论依据。%This article adopts literature consultation,the survey interview,mathematical statistics,comparative analysis to investigate and analyze the status quo of the eight physical Education curriculum setting in Anhui Province,and summarzes the problems of the college of physical education in Anhui Province undergraduate curriculum,focusing on the province of physical education undergraduate curriculum reform countermeasures. proposals for a physical education major application personnel training program are put forward to provide a theoretical basis for the healthy development of the physical education major.

  2. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN LINNAN NATURE RESERVE,ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽岭南自然保护区两栖爬行动物多样性及保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐鑫生; 方德安; 黄晓根

    2001-01-01

    Research on amphibian and reptile was made in the Linan Nature Reserve from July 1998 to October 2000. There were 19 species of amphibian (belonging to 7 families,9 genera) and 32 species of reptile (belonging to 9 families,23 genera). They amounted to 48.6% of the total amphibian and reptile in Anhui Province. However,they only occupied 0.021% of the area of the province. 16 species of them have been listed in the "China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals". Faunal specification showed that 76% of the whole were Oriental Realm elements; 24 % were cosmopolitan species; and no Palaearctic Realm elements were found (not including one unidentified species). Unfortunately,these amphibians and reptiles were facing great danger due to illegal hunting. Thus,the authors suggested a research on the sustainable use of natural resources be carried out,together with making more efforts on its conservation and strict control of illegal hunting.%1998年7月至2000年10月,对岭南自然保护区进行了两栖爬行动物调查,发现有两栖动物19种(隶属7科9属),爬行动物32种(隶属9科23属),占安徽省两栖爬行动物种数的48.6%,而面积仅为全省的0.021%,被列入中国濒危动物红皮书的有16种之多。区系特点:东洋界成分占76%,东洋界古北界广布种占24%,无古北界成分(未定种一种不算在内)。非法捕捉已使这里的两栖爬行动物生存面临极大的威胁,建议在加大保护的宣传力度和严厉打击不法分子的同时,积极开展资源可持续利用的研究。

  3. 安徽省大学生体育用品消费研究%Research on the sporting goods consumption of the college students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷香; 胡好

    2015-01-01

    基于大学生体育用品消费对体育产业和大学生体育参与之重要意义,采用问卷调查、文献分析、数理统计与逻辑分析等方法,对当前安徽省大学生的体育用品消费进行调查。研究表明,大学生体育用品整体消费水平较低,在体育用品的选择上以中低端为主;家庭收入、体育用品价格、个人消费观念及缺乏对体育用品的了解是影响体育用品消费的主要因素,其中家庭收入为重要因素。%Considering that College Students'sporting goods consumption means a lot to the sports indus-try and sports participation of the college students,the author adopts the method of questionnaire sur-vey,document analysis,mathematical statistics and logical analysis and so on to investigate the current sports consumption of college students in Anhui province.The research shows that the consumption level of sport goods of college students is relatively low,and the consumption mainly concentrates on the low-end sport goods.Family income,the price of sport goods,personal consumption concept and the lack of understand sport goods are the main factors of the consumption,and the family income is the most cruci-al one.

  4. 安徽省小麦品种对白粉病的抗性分析%Resistance Identification of Wheat Cultivars on Powdery Mildew in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚冬明; 张沙沙; 陈莉; 丁克坚

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the resistance to powdery mildew of the tried and pre-examination wheat cultivars in Anhui Province.[Method] All the wheat cultivars in the experiment were artificial inoculated and then the disease severities were assessed.[Result]The high-infection cultivars were 30%,the mid-infection cultivars were 53% and the mid-resistant cultivars were 17% in 2010.In 2011,the high-infection cultivars were 42%,the mid-infection cultivars were 47% and the mid-resistant cultivars were 11%.In 2012,the high-infection cultivars were 11%,the mid-infection cultivars were 57% and the mid-resistant cultivars were 32%.[Conclusion] It can guide the breeding direction,and provide scientific basis for variety certification.%[目的]明确安徽省正试和预试品种对小麦白粉病的抗性水平.[方法]采用田间人工接种鉴定的方法,连续3年对供试的小麦品种进行了抗性鉴定.[结果]2010年参试品种对白粉病表现高感的品种占30%,中感品种占53%,中抗品种占17%;2011年高感品种占42%,中感品种占47%,中抗品种占11%;2012年表现为高感的品种占11%,中感品种占57%,中抗品种占32%.[结论]为引导育种方向及品种审定提供了理论依据.

  5. 安徽省苦草属种子的扫描电镜观察%Observation of seeds of Vallisneria from Anhui Province with SEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈显生

    2001-01-01

    为了研究苦草属植物的多样性,对安徽省董铺水库和六安市新河大塘产的水鳖科刺苦草和长梗苦草种子进行了扫描电镜观察.研究发现刺苦草种子的翅2~5枚,较短,为种子的1/2~2/3;而其另一个居群种子的翅2~3枚,与种子近等长,并且翅较厚.长梗苦草种子有许多腺状突起,而其另一个居群种子光滑.本文将刺苦草和长梗苦草各建立一个新变种,即:长翅刺苦草(Vallisneriaspinulosa var.longalis)和细果长梗苦草(V.longipedunculata var.linearicarpa).%In order to study the diversity of Vallisneria, the seeds ofVallisneria spinulosa and V. longipedunculata from the Dongpu Reservoir of Hefei city and Xinhe of Liuan City in Anhui Province were Aubjected to observation with SEM. The seed wings of V. spinulosa were 2~5 in number, about 1/2~2/3 in length of the seed itself, but those of another variety were 2~3 in number, nearly equal to the seed in length and thicker. The seed of V. longipedunculata was coated with many glandiform spines, but that of another variety is smooth. Two new varieties were found in this work, namely V. spinulosa var. longalis and V. longipedunculata var. linearicarpa.

  6. Allele Types ofRcGene of Weedy Rice from Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIXiao-yan; QIANGSheng; SONGXiao-ling; CAIKun; SUNYi-na; SHIZhi-hua; DAIWei-min

    2014-01-01

    Weedy rice(Oryza sativaf.spontanea), the predominant type of which has a red pericarp, seriously inhibits growth and yield of direct-seeded rice in Jiangsu Province, China. In this study, we randomly selected 10 weedy rice accessions from 10 plots in Jiangsu, and then sequenced the full lengths of theirRcgenes (approximately 6.4 kb). In addition, we collected 166 different full-lengthRc genes in theOryzagenus from the literature and from GenBank. A collinearity sequence analysis showed that the 10 weedy riceaccessions from Jiangsu all had the same wild-type allele of theRcgene. Single nucleotide polymorphisms indicated thatthe nucleotide polymorphisms (π= 0.19) and theproportion of segregation sites(θw= 0.28) of theRcgenes in the 10 weedy rice accessions from Jiangsu were higher than those in 56 weedy rice accessions from USA (π= 0.09 andθw= 0.07). Haplotype and phylogenetic analyses showed thattheRcgenes of weedy rice accessions from Jiangsu were not revertants of therc gene found in Asian cultivated rice(O. sativa) varietieswith white pericarp. In addition,Rcgene sequences of the rice varieties Lvdao from Lianyungang, Jiangsu and Tangdao from Anhui were more similar to those of cultivated rice than to the weedy rice from Jiangsu. These findings support the continued quarantine of weedy rice and clarify the evolutionary mechanism of the red pericarp found in the weedy rice of Jiangsu.

  7. Molecular, ethno-spatial epidemiology of leprosy in China: novel insights for tracing leprosy in endemic and non endemic provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Xiaoman; Xing, Yan; Liu, Jian; Wang, Yonghong; Ning, Yong; Li, Ming; Wu, Wenbin; Zhang, Lianhua; Li, Wei; Vander Heiden, Jason; Vissa, Varalakshmi

    2013-03-01

    Leprosy continues to be detected at near stable rates in China even with established control programs, necessitating new knowledge and alternative methods to interrupt transmission. A molecular epidemiology investigation of 190 patients was undertaken to define Mycobacterium leprae strain types and discern genetic relationships and clusters in endemic and non-endemic regions spanning seventeen provinces and two autonomous regions. The findings support multiple locus variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis as a useful tool in uncovering characteristic patterns across the multiethnic and divergent geographic landscape of China. Several scenarios of clustering of leprosy from township to provincial to regional levels were recognized, while recent occupational or remote migration showed geographical separation of certain strains. First, prior studies indicated that of the four major M. leprae subtypes defined by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), only type 3 was present in China, purportedly entering from Europe/West/Central Asia via the Silk Road. However, this study revealed VNTR linked strains that are of type 1 in Guangdong, Fujian and Guangxi in southern China. Second, a subset of VNTR distinguishable strains of type 3, co-exist in these provinces. Third, type 3 strains with rpoT VNTR allele of 4, detected in Japan and Korea were discovered in Jiangsu and Anhui in the east and in western Sichuan bordering Tibet. Fourth, considering the overall genetic diversity, strains of endemic counties of Qiubei, Yunnan; Xing Yi, Guizhou; and across Sichuan in southwest were related. However, closer inspection showed distinct local strains and clusters. Altogether, these insights, primarily derived from VNTR typing, reveal multiple and overlooked paths for spread of leprosy into, within and out of China and invoke attention to historic maritime routes in the South and East China Sea. More importantly, new concepts and approaches for prospective case finding and

  8. Morphological Variation of Conodonts Platyvillosus from Yinkeng Formation in Chaohu,Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Laishi; Tong Jinnan; Michael J Orchard

    2003-01-01

    A preciously undescribed Lower Triassic sequence of a series of multiple cycles of mud-lime rocks, with the argillaceous content decreasing upward while limestone becomes the dominant lithology in the upper part, contains abundant fossils such as conodonts, ammonoids and bivalves. The Yinkeng Formation is the oldest Triassic unit represented, and it conformably overlies dark-gray thin-bedded argillaceous silicalite and intercalated grayish illite clay interbeds of the Upper Permian of Dalong Formation.Conodont samples collected from west Pingdingshan Section, one of four measured sections in Chaohu,yielded abundant Lower Triassic conodonts from the middle part of the Yinkeng Formation. Most interesting and unusual is the abundant occurrence of Platyvillosus in seven samples from the FlemingitesEuflemingites bearing (Smithian) mudstone, rhyolitic clay and limestone part of the section. The associated conodonts are Neospathodus dieneri type 1, N. dieneri type 2, N. dieneri type 3, N. cristagalii, N. waageni eowaageni (nov. subsp. ), N. waageni elongata (nov. subsp. ), N. waageni waageni,N. sp. G (nov. sp.), N. sp. L (nov. sp.), N. sp. H (nov. sp.), N. alberti, N. novaehollandiae,N. peculiaris, N. aff. discretus, N. conservativus, Parachirognathodus sp. and ramiform elements.The species Platyvillosus, which is restricted to a 1. 32 m interval, reveals great variety in shape and denticle ornamentation pattern on the platform. The morphological study of the samples indicates that all speciemens with denticles on the upper surface can be included in intraspecific variation in Platyvillosus costatus (Staesche). Platyvillosus hamadai (Koike), marked by smooth upper surface, also appears to be connected by transitional forms in some samples. The fauna corresponds closely with that of the Taho limestone in Japan, although the depositionai environments differ. The associated lithologies of the Yinkeng Formation within Chaohu area reflect a deeper and iow energy remaining basin of the northern edge of the Lower Yangtze block.

  9. Grain Coarsening of Hematite in the Gushan Iron Deposit,Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾连兴; 阮惠础; 等

    1997-01-01

    The iron ores of the Gushan mine occur in the contact zone of a Mesozoic diorite intrusion and are composed primarily of hematite microcrystallites and chalcedony,The hematite microcrystallites have undergone post-mineralization recrystallization and coarsening with resultant formation of lath-shaped hematite porphyroblasts.Microscopic investigation reveals that recrystallization and coarsening of the hematite ores of the Gushan mine took place without the formation of new nuclei,due to the coalescence of the microcrystallites.The whole process could have begun with the mutual approach of the microcrystallites,followed by grain rotation to realize paralleism and ending by the welding of these grains to form optically homogeneous porphyroblastic hematite.

  10. Magma source and evolution law in Yueshan ore field, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘忠法; 邵拥军; 张建东; 疏志明; 张宇

    2014-01-01

    Major elements, trace elements and sulfur, oxygen isotopic compositions of the main intrusions were studied in Yueshan area. The fact that intrusions enriched in Th and Sr, and depleted in Rb and Ba in this area, suggests that the original magma roots in alkali basalt magma of upper mantle, with deep characteristics. It can be seen that the diagenesis environments are the island arc and active continental margin areas from the lgτto lgσdiagram of intrusions. With the increase of SiO2, Fe2O3, MnO and P2O5 decrease, which shows that the magma of Yueshan area endured crystal fractionation of ferromanganese mineral and apatite in early evolution stage. With the further rise and evolution of magma, magma composition of calcium increased, meanwhile enriched in Zr, and depleted in Nb and Ta. This indicates that crustal component is gradually added, the assimilation and contamination occur between magma and crustal material, which includes the magma evolving, from calc-alkaline series to alkaline series. The results show that crystal fractionation, assimilation and contamination are the main evolution law of magma in this area.

  11. Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Residential Land Growth in Hefei of Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Jinlong; XU Jiangang; GAO Shu

    2007-01-01

    We used the maps of urban land-use in 1978, 1991, 1994, 2000 and 2004, and softwares such as ArcGIS, Fragstats to analyze the spatio-temporal process of urban residential space quantitatively. Some methods, such as direction analysis and landscape pattern analysis, were employed. The results show that: 1) the residential land grew very rapidly in Hefei from 1978 to 2004, and the increased land was distributed mainly in the central city zone surrounded by a moat; however, after 1994, it was distributed mainly outside the 1th Ring Road; 2) the expansion speeds were very different in different directions: there exists a fastest expansion of residential land in the directions of NE-NNE, SW and SSE, and a slowest one in the directions of E and SEE; 3) the residential land growth went through four stages: slow circular expansion in 1978-1991, 'axes + fan wings' expansion in 1991-1994, more rapid circular expansion in 1994-2000 and 'fan-wings' expansion in 2000-2004; 4) the expansion intensity was also different in all directions in the period of 1978 to 1994, and the most was in SW and then NW; and 5) there were more and more residential land area, and the spatial agglomeration was improved increasingly.

  12. 淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质标识指数评价%Water Quality Evaluation for the Rivers on the South Bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province by the Comprehensive Water Quality Identification Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩曦; 王丽; 周平; 孙庆业

    2012-01-01

    2010年夏季,对淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质进行调查,共设置采样点160个,选取总氮、总磷、氨氮和化学需氧量4项水质指标,利用综合水质标识指数评价法(WQI)对淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质进行评价.结果表明,淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质达标率77%,超标的评价因子为氮营养盐和化学需氧量.污染物主要来自农业面源和生产、生活废水;水流流速、沉积物性质和周围环境对水质产生一定影响.%The Huaihe River Basin is located in eastern china, between the Yangtze River and Yellow River Basins. Water resource on South bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province is abundant, with important economic value and ecological value. However, along with the rapid increase of population and development of industry and agriculture, the irrational exploitation of the river caused the deterioration of water resources, the intensification of environmental pollution, the sedimentation accumulation and the decrease of biodiversity, thus making the regional river in serious ecological threat. There are many researches on river water quality assessment in domestic and foreign areas, while lack of studies on the systematic evaluation of the basin as a whole. The water quality of rivers on south bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province was investigated in the summer of 2010. 160 samples were collected from south bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province, including 4 samples from Sihe river basin, 10 samples from Chengxihu river basin, 19 samples from Chengdonghu river basin, 14 samples from Pihe river basin, 41 samples from Wabuhu river basin, 18 samples from Gaotanghu river basin, 10 samples from Haohe river basin and 44 samples from Nvshanhu river basin. The monitoring indices included pH, total nitrogen, total phosphate, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, dissoluble orthophosphate and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Selecting total nitrogen, total phosphate, ammonia nitrogen and

  13. Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in university students from the region of Anhui (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Xiaohua; Chen, Yan; He, Lianping; Jin, Yuelong; Tian, Li; Lu, Mi; Lu, Wei; Ding, Lingling; Guo, Daoxia; Wang, Linghong; Nie, Zhognhua; Yao, Yingshui

    2014-12-16

    Antecedentes: El sobrepeso y la obesidad son epidemia en todo el mundo.Nuestro estudio anterior halló que la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en estudiantes de primaria es alto. Objetivo: Hemos tratado de estimar si la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad entre los estudiantes universitarios es todavía alta en China. Métodos: Un estudio transversal fue diseñado para recoger los exámenes de salud de rutina datos para estudiantes universitarios en 2013.La altura y el peso de los estudiantes fueron medidos, y el IMC se calcula con la altura y el peso, así como para estimar la prevalencia de insuficiencia ponderal y obesidad de la Universidad los estudiantes utilizando dos referencias [Grupo de trabajo sobre la obesidad referencias en China (2004) y la Organización Mundial de la salud (OMS) criterios (2000)]. Resultados: Dependiendo de la China referencias utilizadas, la prevalencia global de bajo peso, sobrepeso (obesidad) y la obesidad en estudiantes universitarios masculinos fueron 14,2%, el 14,7% y 4,2%, respectivamente; en mujeres estudiantes universitarios fueron el 27,5%, 4,4% y 0,6%, respectivamente. Dependiendo de los que referencias utilizadas, la prevalencia global de bajo peso, sobrepeso (obesidad) y la obesidad en estudiantes universitarios masculinos fueron 14,2%, 11,5% y 2,5%, respectivamente, en mujeres estudiantes universitarios fueron el 27,5%, 2,4% y 0,3%, respectivamente.Una observación interesante es que la prevalencia de insuficiencia ponderal de los estudiantes universitarios tiene una tendencia al aumento, sobre todo en mujeres. Conclusión: El estudio demostró que la prevalencia de la insuficiencia ponderal en estudiantes universitarios, especialmente en mujeres estudiantes se ha convertido en un problema de salud crítico.Related Departamento de la escuela y el Gobierno deben prestar más atención a la salud física del alumno.

  14. 安徽省工业结构及相对优势变动研究%Research on Industrial Structure of Anhui Province and Its Relative Superiority Alteration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱同林; 苏勤

    2011-01-01

    Industrial structure of Anhui province and its relative superiority alteration was calculated and analyzed by using methods of location quotient and structural coefficient analysis on correlative statistical data. The results indicated that the sections which had relative superiority were distributed in light industrial, excavation industry and material industry. The change trend of industrial structure of Anhui province in the whole was as follows: light industry was a specialized predominance department but its superiority was declining; processing industry was an interior department and its status still went down since 1990s; excavation and material industries were traditional dominance departments and they were still an important support to the development of Anhui industry even though some fluctuation appeared sometimes. The relative status of different business line in Anhui province have changed after entering the 21st century, such as the status' promotion of processing industry,especially manufacturing industry of traffic equipment, which had replaced the position of textile industry and became the biggest business line in output.%采用区位熵法和结构系数变动分析法,运用相关统计资料对安徽工业结构及相对优势变动进行计算分析和研究.结果表明:安徽省工业的相对优势部门主要分布在轻工业、采掘和原料工业.安徽省工业结构整体变动趋势:轻工业是专业化优势部门,但优势在弱化;加工业是安徽的劣势部门,90年代以来相对地位还在下降;采掘和原料工业是传统优势产业,虽然位置波动较大,但仍然是安徽省工业发展的重要支撑.进入新世纪后,安徽省行业相对地位发生了的变化,加工部门的一些行业位置提升较快,最明显的是交通运输设备制造业取代了纺织业成为产值占工业总产值比例最大的行业.

  15. Collectivism culture, HIV stigma and social network support in Anhui, China: a path analytic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zang, Chunpeng; Guida, Jennifer; Sun, Yehuan; Liu, Hongjie

    2014-08-01

    HIV stigma is rooted in culture and, therefore, it is essential to investigate it within the context of culture. The objective of this study was to examine the interrelationships among individualism-collectivism, HIV stigma, and social network support. A social network study was conducted among 118 people living with HIVAIDS in China, who were infected by commercial plasma donation, a nonstigmatized behavior. The Individualism-Collectivism Interpersonal Assessment Inventory (ICIAI) was used to measure cultural norms and values in the context of three social groups, family members, friends, and neighbors. Path analyses revealed (1) a higher level of family ICIAI was significantly associated with a higher level of HIV self-stigma (β=0.32); (2) a higher level of friend ICIAI was associated with a lower level of self-stigma (β=-035); (3) neighbor ICIAI was associated with public stigma (β=-0.61); (4) self-stigman was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.27); and (5) public stigma was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.24). This study documents that HIV stigma may mediate the relationship between collectivist culture and social network support, providing an empirical basis for interventions to include aspects of culture into HIV intervention strategies. PMID:24853730

  16. Collectivism culture, HIV stigma and social network support in Anhui, China: a path analytic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zang, Chunpeng; Guida, Jennifer; Sun, Yehuan; Liu, Hongjie

    2014-08-01

    HIV stigma is rooted in culture and, therefore, it is essential to investigate it within the context of culture. The objective of this study was to examine the interrelationships among individualism-collectivism, HIV stigma, and social network support. A social network study was conducted among 118 people living with HIVAIDS in China, who were infected by commercial plasma donation, a nonstigmatized behavior. The Individualism-Collectivism Interpersonal Assessment Inventory (ICIAI) was used to measure cultural norms and values in the context of three social groups, family members, friends, and neighbors. Path analyses revealed (1) a higher level of family ICIAI was significantly associated with a higher level of HIV self-stigma (β=0.32); (2) a higher level of friend ICIAI was associated with a lower level of self-stigma (β=-035); (3) neighbor ICIAI was associated with public stigma (β=-0.61); (4) self-stigman was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.27); and (5) public stigma was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.24). This study documents that HIV stigma may mediate the relationship between collectivist culture and social network support, providing an empirical basis for interventions to include aspects of culture into HIV intervention strategies.

  17. 浅谈皖南传统建筑对安徽建筑设计的启示%Inspiration from the Traditional Architectures of Southern Anhui to the Building Design in Whole Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛江平; 李芳艳; 乐园

    2014-01-01

    当今社会越来越关注能源与环境问题,生态建筑的设计理念也已经深入人心。同时在生态城区建筑设计中也越来越强调文化的内涵与文脉的延续。着重讨论了皖南地区传统建筑设计中所包含的保温、降温、通风等被动式技术设计手法,并对这些低碳、低能耗的生态技术进行梳理、总结,为安徽省绿色生态城区中的低碳、低能耗建筑设计提供一定借鉴。%The concept of green building becomes more and more popular with the increasing atten-tion to the energy and environmental issues in the society, the same to cultural tradition and context. The paper discusses the design of cooling, ventilation and other passive technologies of traditional architectural design in southern Anhui Province, and summarizes the technology of low carbon and low energy to inspire the design of constructing the green eco-city in Anhui Province.

  18. 安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台研究%Research on Application of Electronic Business Platform of Agricultural Enterprises in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪怡; 刘晓云; 何军

    2012-01-01

    By integrating the commonly used decision analysis methods, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)and its eigenvalue calculation framework with SWOT analysis method were used to analyze the weight of advantages and disadvantages,opportunities and threats factors of electronic business platform of agricultural enterprises in Anhui Province application. A quantitative model suitable for organizational decision was constructed by connecting with the Delphi method. The results indicated that taking WO strategy,making agricultural electronic business service platform fit the situation of Anhui Province, accelerating the modern agricultural logistics distribution system construction were the ideal strategy choices.%将决策分析的常用方法AHP法及其特征值计算的框架整合进SWOT分析法。用于分析安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台的优势因素、劣势因素、机会因素和威胁因素的权重,并结合Delphi法构建了一个适用于战略决策的定量模型。结果显示采用WO战略打造符合省情的农业电子商务服务平台、加快现代农业物流配送体系建设是较为理想的战略选择。

  19. 农业FDI对安徽省农产品出口影响的实证分析%An Empirical Analysis of Influence of Agricultural FDI on the Exportation of Agricultural Products of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2014-01-01

    通过对安徽省2003年至2012年农产品出口贸易和农业FDI的统计检验和回归分析,发现安徽农产品出口的增长与其农业FDI的实际利用金额成正相关关系,农业FDI的增长能够在一定程度上促进农产品的出口。在此实证分析结果基础上提出一系列的政策建议促进农产品出口和农业FDI的良性循环,保证安徽省农产品贸易的健康发展。%This paper makes a statistical test and regression analysis of the export transactions of agricultural products and agri-cultural FDI, which shows there is a positive correlation between the growth of agricultural products and the actual agricultural FDI of Anhui Province and the growth of agricultural FDI can promote the export of agricultural products to a certain extent. Based on the results of this eempirical analysis, this paper puts forward a series of policy recommedations boost the export of agricultural products and positive circle of agricultural FDI so as to ensure the healthy development of exportation of agricultural products of Anhui province.

  20. 安徽省中学生危害健康行为与美国中学生的比较%Comparison of the health-risk behaviors of high school students in Anhui province with those in America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪波; 应焱燕; 陶芳标; 曾广玉; 曹秀菁; 许韶君

    2001-01-01

    Objective This study exams effects of social factors on the prevalence rates of health-risk behaviors among high school students and documents intervention survey. Methods The survey of Anhui province used a three-stage cluster sample design and included 7,503 students in grades 9~12.The information of American students was from results of the national school-based 1991 youth risk behavior survey. Results The health-risk behaviors are less in high school students in Anhui province than those in America.The prevalence rate of cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking in male students is more than female significantly in Anhui province while there is no significantly difference between Amrican male and female students and that in grade 12 is the highest in grade 9~12 in Anhui province and America. Furthermore, the prevalence rate of the intentional injurey behavior is highest in grade 9 and no significantly difference in grade 10~12 in Anhui province while that is lowest in grade 12 and no significantly different in grade 9~12. Conclusions Prevention intervention should be aimed at health-risk behavior and related social factors at the same time.%目的探讨社会因素对中学生危害健康行为流行特征的影响。方法采取分层整群抽样方法以无记名方式对安徽省中学生危害健康行为进行现场问卷调查;美国资料来源于CDC1991年中学生危害健康行为监测。结果安徽省中学生危害健康行为低于美国,安徽省和美国中学生攻击行为男生高于女生,自杀行为女生高于男生,吸烟和饮酒行为报告率安徽省男生高于女性,美国男、女生差异无显著性;吸烟和饮酒行为美国以12年级学生最高,与安徽省一致;故意伤害行为安徽省以初三学生最高,高中各年级间差异无显著性,而美国为12级学生最低,9~11年级间差异无显著性。结论中学生危害健康行为干预应针对相关社会因素采取相

  1. 安徽省学校体育场地开放利用研究%The Research on the Opening and Exploiting of the School Playgrounds in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建霞

    2011-01-01

    本文以第五次全国体育场地普查数据为基础,以安徽省各级各类学校18650个体育场地为研究对象,运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、数理统计法等方法,对各类学校体育场地开放现状进行调查、分析,得出以下结论:1.安徽省学校体育场地分布主要集中在中小学,篮球场和乒乓球场超过场地总量的半数以上;2.目前安徽省学校体育场地总体开放程度很低,开放状况较好的体育场地主要是一些时尚的、大众喜爱的运动项目场地;3.安徽省学校体育场地经营收入较低,其经营收入水平与各地市群体水平和经济水平高度相关,从不同场地收入来看,体育馆和游泳池分别是标准和非标准场地中最高的。并就现状提出了完善安徽省学校体育场地开放的相关建议。%Based on the statistics of 5th census of National Stadium,this passage studied 18,650 stadiums of all types of schools at all levels in Anhui Province by way of literature method,expert interview,mathematical statistics etc,investigated and analyzed the status quo of the stadiums opening of all types of schools in Anhui Province.From all the above,the conclusions could be made as following: 1) The school stadiums in Anhui Province are focused on primary and secondary schools,the number of stadiums for basketball and table tennis accounts for more than half of the total;2)The opening degree of the school stadium in Anhui Province is very low,The opening situation of some fashionable and popular sports venues is relatively better,The opening degree ranked first for standard and non-standard stadiums are indoor swimming room and playing field;3)The operating revenues of the school stadiums in Anhui Province are relatively low.The level of operating revenues is relative with the level of groups around the city and its economic level.From the venues of different stadiums,the highest for standard and non-standard stadiums are gymnasiums

  2. Seasonal and Spatial Variability of Vegetation and Land Surface Temperature in Anhui Province%安徽省植被和地表温度季节变化及空间分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏群; 杨元建; 荀尚培; 何彬方; 张爱民; 吴文玉

    2011-01-01

    Anhui Province lies in the transitional area between temperate zone and subtropical zone, so the climate here is warm and moist, and the four seasons are distinct. The north of the Huaihe River possesses a half-moist monsoon climate of warm temperate zone while the south of the Huaihe River possesses a subtropical moist monsoon climate. As a result, the climate is very suitable for various kinds of crops and plants. On the other hand, many kinds of natural disasters, such as drought, flood, and cold happen frequently every year in Anhui Province, influencing agriculture, ecosystem and people living significantly.Land vegetation and surface temperature play important roles in climate change, resource and environment change, agricultural monitoring and so on, while their in-situ investigation is very limited. Fortunately, satellite remote sensing is used widely to monitor macroscopical, large-scale, dynamic continuous vegetation and surface temperature during recent years. Using MODIS data from 2001 to 2008, seasonal,monthly and spatial variability of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and land surface temperature (LST) of Anhui Province are explored. Furthermore, the relationship between NDVI and LST is analyzed. Also, spatiotemporal variability of NDVI and LST in 4 cities of Anhui Province are analyzed. The results show that spatiotemporal variability of NDVI and LST in Anhui Province are obvious. Due to local climate, the differences of vegetation lead to different seasonal changes and spatial distribution characteristics of LST in Anhui. For instance, due to evergreen broadleaf forests in South Mountain area and Dabie Mountain area, both NDVI and LST seasonal variations are smaller and they are positive correlated. However, in the north and middle most areas, the deciduous broad-leaved vegetation and seasonal crops (rice,wheat, corn, soybean, rape, etc. ) have greatly enlarged the seasonal variations of NDVI and LST, and their positive correlation is

  3. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals. PMID:25811935

  4. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  5. 安徽农业资源投入的增产效果分析%The Effects of Agricultural Resources Input on Yield Increasing in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕; 张洪; 高翔

    2012-01-01

    without increasing the resource input; 3) It is not proper to increase the integrated output by increasing the resource input. The former two states are comparatively reasonable. The second state is especially fit the needs of saving resources in agriculture production and the requirement of sustainable agricultural development. By contrast with the former two states, the third state means that it is the right time to change the mode of local agricultural production. Using the data in Anhui statistical yearbook 2003 and 2009 and the above methods, we also studied the effect of resource input on output increase in agriculture production of Anhui province. The results indicate that from the perspective of the effect of resource input in specific area, increasing the resource input brings the increase of integrated agriculture output in Bozhou, Lu' an, Wuhu, Chizhou and Huangshan, but negative increase in Hefei, Huaibei, Suzhou, Bengbu, Fuyang, Xuancheng and Tongling. From the perspective of resource input, the marginal utilization efficiencies of irrigation, chemical fertilizer, agricultural pesticide and the control of soil erosion are higher and the utilization states of these resources in most areas of Anhui accord with the former two states. However, the marginal utilization efficiencies of agricultural machinery, electricity consumption, the irrigated area with saved water and the plastic films for farm use are lower and the utilization states of these resources accord with the third state.

  6. A Probe into the Reform of Land Requisition Compensation System: Based on the Survey of Rural Areas in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liuzhong; CHEN; Zhongxiang; YU; Jiali; WANG

    2015-01-01

    Using stakeholder survey,documentation and policy analysis,through the survey of stakeholders,this paper aims to explore the problems in the collectively owned land requisition compensation system and their causes,and put forth the reform ideas and measures to provide a reference for the development of new urbanization. The results show that there are some problems in the current land requisition compensation system,such as improper land requisition compensation standard and calculation method,low compensation standard,unsound social security system,irrational compensation and placement methods and low satisfaction of farmers whose land is requisitioned. Therefore,it is necessary to accelerate the reform of land requisition compensation system and smooth progress of new urbanization construction in accordance with the requirements of 3rd Plenum of the 18 th Communist Party of China(CPC).

  7. A survey on diet habits of rural residents in Anhui province%安徽农村居民饮食习惯调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡光辉; 陈桂梅; 杨冉; 崔陈敏; 李茜茜; 孙莉; 朱继民

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解农村居民饮食习惯,为农村健康教育的开展提供参考.方法:以自编问卷进行面对面访谈,采用EpiData软件进行录入,SPSS 17.0软件作统计处理.结果:共调查3 014名居民,饮食有规律者占75% (2 235/2 978),有良好的早餐习惯者占80.1% (2 401/2 980);存在饮食偏好者占44.8%(1 325/2 957);肉食搭配比较合理者占86%(2 564/2 983);每天都有摄入蔬菜者占63.1%(2 438/2 945);居民每天都有摄入水果者占28.7% (785/2 939);食用油以植物油为主者占79% (2 351/2 977),不同人群间差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).结论:安徽地区农村居民饮食习惯仍存在较大的提升空间.%Objective:To find out the food habits in inhabitants living in rural areas for the evidence of health education in this group of dwellings. Methods:We conducted the interview on the diet habits by self-programmed questionnaire,created the database with software EpiData Entry and processed the data with SPSS 17.0. Results:Of the 3 014 participants, 75% (2235/2978) had regular diet prescription, 80. 1% (2 401/ 2 980) practiced the habit of having breakfast,44. 8% (I 325/2 957 ) had partiality for a kind of particular food,86% (2 564/2 983 ) included reasonable meat portion in their diet,63. 1% (2 438/2 945)took in vegetables as part of their daily elements, 28.7% (785/2 939) contained daily fruits,and 79% (2 351/2 977) prescribed plant-source oils in their daily dishes. There was statistical difference regarding sexes,ages,educational level and living locations( P <0. 001 ). Conclusion :The food habits should be modified for some residents living in rural villages in Anhui province in order to live healthier life.

  8. Comparative Analysis of Two Tornado Events over Northern Anhui Province%皖北两次龙卷过程对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德育; 张学贤

    2012-01-01

    An analysis is made of two tornado events in Lingbi and Sixian counties, Anhui Province, by means of the conventional data, NCEP data, intensive observations, and Doppler radar data. The results show: the tornadoes occurred on the left of the low level jet at the intersection point of high-humidity center and vapor convergence center; before tornadoes appeared, the low level vertical wind shear was strong; the tornadoes occurred in the areas where the ground convergence was the strongest; there were clear vortex features and a mid-level cyclone in 10 to 20 minutes before tornado occurred; the Lingbi tornado appeared in the south of the storm with strong radar echoes under 3 km; the Sixian tornado appeared at the center of the banded radar echoes with strong splited and protruded echoes, and the mesocyclone top descended.%利用常规资料、NCEP再分析资料、高密度地面自动站资料、多普勒天气雷达资料,对安徽省灵璧县和泗县发生的两次龙卷过程进行对比分析.结果表明:龙卷风发生在低空急流的北端左侧以及高湿中心和水汽辐合中心的交汇处;龙卷风发生前低层垂直风切变强烈;龙卷风发生在地面辐合最强的地方,为判断龙卷风可能发生的区域提供了线索;龙卷风发生前10~20 min均有龙卷涡旋特征报警,同时有中等强度中气旋配合;灵璧龙卷风出现在母体风暴的南端,强回波在3 km以下;泗县龙卷风发生在带状回波的中部,中气旋由弱发展为中等强度后一个体扫龙卷出现,龙卷风发生时强回波有断裂和突前以及中气旋顶高下降的特征.

  9. 安徽省夏秋季蚊类初步调查%Primary investigation of mosquito population composition in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯银续; 吴明生; 张家林; 张跃玉; 陆群; 王晓敏; 苏宝; 魏永; 吴丽琴; 于修贵

    2011-01-01

    Objective To identify the population composition, distribution and biology of mosquitoes in Anhui province as evidence for the development of control strategies against mosquito - borne diseases. Methods Mosquito were captured or collected by the man-hour or light trap methods. Results From August to September 2009, 2086 mosquitoes were captured, which belonged to 10 species, 5 subgenera, 4 genera and 2 subfamily. The dominant species was Culex tritaeruorhynchus (67.79%), and Cx. Pipiens pollens (12.03%), Cx. Bitaeniorhynchus (11.79%), Armigeres subalbatus (5.03%) and Anopheles sinensis (1.58%) were commonly seen in summer. The mosquito populations varied in different habitats. Conclusion The mosquito population composition was dependent on habitat type, breeding resources, climate and geographic factors. Hence, effective mosquito control strategies should be tailored to local mosquito population structures.%目的 初步掌握安徽省蚊虫的分布特点及生态习性,为蚊虫及蚊媒疾病的防制工作提供科学依据.方法 诱蚊灯法及人工小时法.结果 本次调查共诱捕成蚊2086只,分属2亚科4属5亚属10种.夏秋季节三带喙库蚊为优势蚊种(67.79%),淡色库蚊(12.03%)、二带喙库蚊(11.79%)、骚扰阿蚊(5.03%)和中华按蚊(1.58%)为该季节的常见蚊种.不同地区和生境蚊类种群结构差异较大.结论 研究区域蚊类种群结构除与气候条件和地理区划有关外,还与孳生环境类型和生境多样性有很大关系,因此在灭蚊工作中必须根据当地蚊类种群结构,并结合实际情况才能有效控制蚊虫和蚊媒疾病.

  10. 安徽省高校数字图书馆建设发展%University Digital Library Construction and Development in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    剥、薇

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of investigation, this paper analyses the construction status of Anhui Digital Library, describes the resource development, resource retrieval, document delivery service and so on. Furthermore, put forward prospective on Anhui Digital Library's future development.%通过对安徽省高校数字图书馆建设现状的调查,描述了资源建设、资源检索与文献传递服务等方面的内容,并对安徽省高校数字图书馆的发展进行展望。

  11. Research on Countermeasures for Further Development of Animation Industry in Anhui Province%安徽省动漫产业进一步发展的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佑生; 陶宗华

    2013-01-01

      近年来安徽省动漫产业发展十分迅速。然而,与先进省市相比,各方面的差距都比较明显,存在不少问题。通过对全省动漫产业发展实际进行仔细分析和冷静思考,对相关问题进行深入研究,对动漫产业的进一步发展提出了相关对策的建议。%Animation industry in Anhui Province has been devel-oped rapidly in recent years. However, there are some problems in this area, the gaps between the province and the advanced provinces or cities are quite distinct. Through careful analysis and calm thinking and deep study to the animation industry in the province, some suggests are put forward about countermeasure for further development of animation industry in the province.

  12. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  13. 安徽省土壤氟含量及其赋存特征%CONTENT OF FLUORINE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FLUORINE FORMS IN SOILS OF ANHUI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于群英; 李孝良; 汪建飞; 卫林

    2013-01-01

    氟是生态系统中一种重要微量元素,过量和不足都会影响人和动物健康,人体氟主要来自饮水和食物,土壤氟含量、形态以及土壤理化性质等影响着水和食物氟含量.以安徽省主要类型土壤为材料,采用连续化学提取的方法,测定了安徽省主要类型土壤全氟、水溶氟以及不同形态氟含量,分析了土壤氟形态与土壤理化性质的关系.结果表明:安徽土壤全氟含量106.6~1 236.7 mg/kg,平均为485.2 mg/kg,全氟含量高低排序为菜地土>潮土>石灰土>黄棕壤>黄褐土>水稻土>砂姜黑土>黄红壤,成土母质是影响土壤全氟含量的主要因素.土壤水溶氟含量0.42~22.48 mg/kg,平均为3.38 mg/kg,水溶氟含量高低排序为菜地土>砂姜黑土>潮土>黄棕壤>黄褐土>水稻土>石灰土>黄红壤,北高南低.土壤氟主要赋存形态是矿物态氟,占土壤全氟95%以上,水溶氟、交换态氟、铁锰氧化物结合态氟和有机结合态氟占土壤全氟5%左右.土壤水溶性氟含量与土壤pH呈极显著正相关,与土壤全磷含量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.660 2和0.353 9,土壤交换态氟与土壤小于0.001 mm土粒含量和土壤阳离子交换量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.338 4和0.345 8,有机结合态氟与土壤有机含量呈极显著正相关,相关系数为0.526 8.%Fluorine is an important trace element in the eco-system,either the excess or the deficiency of fluorine can cause diseases in animals as well as humans.In the human body,fluorine is derived mostly from the consumption of water and food,which is directly affected by the soil fluorine content,fluorine fractions and soil physical-chemical properties,especially soil soluble fluorine content.In this paper,fluorine content in the soils collected from Anhui province was studied using sequential chemical extraction procedure,and correlation analysis was also conducted to determine the

  14. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Runoff from Garden Plots in Anhui Province%安徽省园地氮磷径流流失

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马友华; 谢昕云; 马中文; 王桂苓; 孙兴旺; 胡善宝; 石润圭; 黄文星; 朱海燕; 朱贤东; 王泰成

    2012-01-01

    The distribution area of tea garden,mulberry field and grapery are broader in Anhui province.High fertilizer application with a low efficiency in garden plots resulted in nitrogen and phosphorus loss into the water through surface runoff,which caused a serious threat for water pollution.Therefore,to research the characteristic of N and P runoff loss from garden plots has important significance to control agricultural non-point source pollution.In this study,three representative garden plots were selected in Anhui province,to monitor and measure quantitatively the N and P runoff losses under the condition of conventional fertilization by building runoff ponds in farmland.The results showed that the annual runoff loss of total nitrogen was 1.85~13.70 kg/hm2 in garden plots under the condition of conventional fertilization,including which was 2.127,8.380,7.940 kg/hm2 in tea garden,mulberry field and grapery,respectively.The annual runoff loss of total phosphorus was 0.202~1.770 kg/hm2,including which was 0.261,0.263,1.148 kg/hm2 in tea garden,mulberry field and grapery,respectively.The runoff loss percentage of nitrogen fertilizer was between 0.049% and 0.453% and phosphorus fertilizer was between 0.046% and 0.416%.Meanwhile,about 58% of nitrogen was present in the form of nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen,which were the main forms of nitrogen runoff loss from garden plots.Phosphorus runoff loss was mainly in the form of soluble phosphate in most garden plots,but only about 29.77% phosphorus runoff loss in the form of soluble phosphate in mulberry field.%茶园、桑园和葡萄园在安徽省分布面积较广,果园的施肥量一般较大,但利用率低,很大一部分氮、磷随地表径流流入水体,给水体污染带来严重威胁。研究安徽省园地径流氮磷流失规律,对于控制安徽省农业面源污染具有重要意义。研究采用径流池收集降雨径流的方法测算出安徽省园地在常规施肥条件下,总

  15. 安徽农村地区创业型人力资源开发策略研究%Research on the Tactics of Entrepreneurial Human Resource Development in Rural Areas of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施培智; 韦文联; 程业炳

    2012-01-01

    创业型人力资源具有引领示范、带头带动等作用,在安徽农村地区人力资源开发中居于重要位置,具有转变农村人力资源思想观念、完善农村人力资源结构、解决当下农村人力资源问题、调整安徽农业经济结构等方面的意义。为此,可从加强农村人力资源现状筛查,加强农民基础性教育和培训,完善农民创业保障,面向打工回乡创业者开展创业教育,加强创业培训师的遴选和培训等方面,加强安徽农村创业型人力资源开发。%Entrepreneurial human resource plays an important role in Anhui rural areas' human resource development,for entrepreneurial human resource can set the example for the other kinds of human resources.The paper demonstrates the significance of cultivating the entrepreneurial human resource in Anhui rural areas,from the aspects of updating the ideological thoughts of human resources,improving human resources' structure,solving the current human resource problems,adjusting the agricultural economical structures.With the problems analysis,the paper offers six concrete measures,namely,select proper human resource,strengthen the fundamental education and training,improve the entrepreneurial guarantee,offer entrepreneurial education toward the labors back home from cities,strengthen the selection and training of entrepreneurship teacher that benefits the entrepreneurial human resource in rural areas of Anhui province.

  16. Distribution Characteristics of Producing Area, Geological Background and Development Countermeasures of Famous Tea in Anhui Province%安徽省名茶产地分布特征、地质背景与发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫; 陈芬洁; 俞婷婷

    2012-01-01

    通过对安徽省名茶产地的实地调查,从地质学角度分析了安徽省名茶产地的地质背景对土壤中元素组合、土壤类型的影响,探讨了茶叶品质与立地环境的关系,分析了茶叶优异的品质与地质背景的相关性.结果表明,安徽省名茶产地的成土母质主要为石英砂岩、花岗岩和片麻岩等,成土母质各有特点;各类成土母质为茶树生长提供了大量的营养物质,特别是有益的微量元素对提高茶叶品质起到了重要作用.并且从已发现的名茶产地地质学规律出发,提出了安徽省的名茶发展对策.%Based on the spot investigation on famous tea in Anhui province, the geological background affecting the soil elements assemblages and soil types was analyzed; the relationship between tea quality and site conditions of growing areas was discussed; and the interrelation between excellent tea quality and geological background conditions was analyzed. The results showed that the main soil parent materials of famous tea-producing areas in Anhui province were quartz sandstone, granite and gneiss with their own peculiarity. These parent materials provide abundant nutrimental materials, especially beneficial trace elements critical to the tea quality, for the growth of tea plant. Developmental strategies for the production of famous tea in the whole province were proposed from the geological point of view.

  17. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-01-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 20...

  18. 安徽湿地保护管理现状与发展对策%Current Status and Development Strategies of Wetland Conservation and Management in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢琳琳; 顾长明

    2012-01-01

    安徽湿地资源具有面积大、类型多、分布不均、水系发达、水质差别大和生物物种丰富等特点。安徽湿地保护面临着人口增长和经济快速发展的双重压力,湖泊围垦、泥沙淤积、环境污染、过度渔猎、江湖隔绝、生物入侵、基建和城市化对湿地保护构成严重威胁。本文在详细分析安徽湿地资源保护管理现状和存在问题的基础上,提出了实施湿地恢复与重建工程、完善法规、加强科研宣教、健全组织机构、建立湿地监测网络、增加资金投入等一系列全面推进安徽湿地保护管理工作的措施。%The wetland resources of Anhui Province have characteristics including large surface area,multiple wetland types, uneven distribution,well - developed water systems,varied water quality,and abundant wildlife.Wetland protection in Anhui Province faces pressure from human population growth and rapid economic development.There are many serious threats to wetland protection including lake reclamation,sediment deposition,environment pollution,overfishing,isolation of river and lake,biological invasions,infrastructure construction,and urbanization.Based on the current status and existing problems of the wetland resources conservation and management in Anhui provinces we offer recommendations to guide future policy formulation and implementation of wetland conservation and management.These include implementation of programs on wetland restoration and reconstruction,improving and perfecting laws and regulations,strengthening scientific research and public education, reinforcement of management organizations,construction of wetland monitoring system,and increasing financial support.

  19. 安徽省城市可持续发展水平特征研究%Study on the Characteristics of the Level of Urban Sustainable Development in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侍非; 储金龙; 顾康康

    2012-01-01

    Based on the connotation of urban sustainable development, this article builds the index system of the level of urban sustainable development in Anhui Province. By using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method and improved fault analysis method, the article has obtained the membership degree of the level of sustainable urban development in Anhui Province, and has divided it into good, general and poor, 3 inter- vals. The results show that the levels of urban sustainable development in Anhui Province has significant differentiation, and there are distinct characteristics on the level and of ability of urban sustainable develop- ment among three intervals, and there are defects. Hefei, which is the capital city, has prominent level of development, and has better level of coordination;other cities have poor development coordination degree despite a key advantage. And the level of urban sustainable development has relatively low degree of mem- bership. This paper analyzes the factors of the differences of the degree of membership, explores the weak- nesses of sustainable urban development and puts forward the corresponding proposals in order to give the decision-making basis of promoting the city' s coordinated and sustainable development.%基于城市可持续发展内涵,构建安徽省城市可持续发展水平指标体系,运用模糊综合评断方法和改进的层次分析法求得安徽城市可持续发展水平隶属度,并划分为良好、一般与较差三个区间。结果表明安徽省城市可持续发展水平差异显著,区间内城市可持续发展水平与能力各具特点,各有不足。省会城市合肥发展水平突出,协调程度较好;其余城市虽有个项优势,但发展协调度较差,城市可持续发展水平隶属度相对偏低。进一步分析了隶属度差异的影响因子,探寻城市可持续发展的薄弱环节,为促进城市协调可持续发展提供决策依据。

  20. 基于媒体策略视角的安徽形象塑造研究%Research on Enhancing the Image of Anhui Province from the Perspective of Media Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张香萍

    2012-01-01

    利用媒体塑造安徽形象,存在着三种制约瓶颈。一是媒体资源的限制。二是公众的刻板成见难以消解。三是区域形象塑造行为主体的媒体意识欠缺。要有效利用媒体塑造安徽形象,一是要拓展媒体资源,构建立体传播网络。二是要丰富传播内容,改变受众刻板成见。三是提高区域形象塑造行为主体的媒介素养。%The limit of media resource, the deep-rooted public prejudice and the weak media con- sciousness are three big obstacles in shaping the image of Anhui Province through media. In order to shape Anhui image efficiently, we should take three measures. Firstly, we should develop media resources and construct a three-dimensional communication network. Secondly, we should enrich the delivering con- tent and change public prejudices. Lastly, we should improve the media literacy of people concerned.

  1. 安徽省中药材出口贸易现状与发展对策--以亳州药材为例%Chinese Herbal Medicine Export Trade Situation and Development Strategy of Anhui Province:A Case Study of Bozhou Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯晶; 王萍; 侯博

    2014-01-01

    本文首先简要介绍了我国中药行业的出口现状,然后以安徽亳州为例,介绍安徽省中药材产业发展及出口情况,最后分析安徽省中药材出口贸易的优劣势,对中药出口存在的问题提出合理化建议。%This paper briefly describes the status of the export of Chinese herbal medicine industry, then by taking Bozhou in Anhui for example, describes the development and export of Chinese herbal medicine industry in Anhui Province, and finally analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of Anhui medicines export trade and proposes rational proposals for the problems of Chinese herbal medicine export.

  2. Present Situation and Development Strategy of Strategic Emerging Industries in Anhui Province-Based on the Perspective of Integration of Market Resources in the Yangtze River Delta%安徽省战略性新兴产业现状及发展策略--基于长三角市场资源整合视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘放

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, strategic emerging industries have become a powerful driving force and an important support for the economic development of Anhui Province. Based on Anhui geographical location and economic development level, how to integrate docking strong market resources is an important issue for the development of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province. The paper puts forward the development strategies for strategic emerging industries of Anhui Province from the per-spective of integration of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta, on the basis of the analyses on the present situation of strategic emerging industries and the advantages of Anhui Province in the use of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta.%近年来,战略性新兴产业已成为安徽省经济发展的强大动力和重要支撑,但是鉴于安徽省的地理位置和经济发展水平,如何整合对接强势市场资源,是安徽省战略性新兴产业发展的重要课题。文章在对安徽省战略性新兴产业发展情况、安徽省利用长三角市场资源的优势进行分析的基础上,提出基于长三角市场资源整合的安徽省战略性新兴产业发展策略。

  3. 安徽省战略性新兴产业现状及发展策略--基于长三角市场资源整合视角%Present Situation and Development Strategy of Strategic Emerging Industries in Anhui Province-Based on the Perspective of Integration of Market Resources in the Yangtze River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘放

    2014-01-01

    近年来,战略性新兴产业已成为安徽省经济发展的强大动力和重要支撑,但是鉴于安徽省的地理位置和经济发展水平,如何整合对接强势市场资源,是安徽省战略性新兴产业发展的重要课题。文章在对安徽省战略性新兴产业发展情况、安徽省利用长三角市场资源的优势进行分析的基础上,提出基于长三角市场资源整合的安徽省战略性新兴产业发展策略。%In recent years, strategic emerging industries have become a powerful driving force and an important support for the economic development of Anhui Province. Based on Anhui geographical location and economic development level, how to integrate docking strong market resources is an important issue for the development of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province. The paper puts forward the development strategies for strategic emerging industries of Anhui Province from the per-spective of integration of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta, on the basis of the analyses on the present situation of strategic emerging industries and the advantages of Anhui Province in the use of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta.

  4. FEATURES OF SPERMATOPHYTIC FLORA OF HENAN PROVINCE IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Gui-bin

    2005-01-01

    Based on the latest data, the features of spermatophytic flora of Henan Province located in Central China Plain (the heart region of China) are summarized and demonstrated in this paper. They are as follows: 1)Plant species are rich, with 2953 wild species in 896 genera of 152 families, putting Henan in front rank in the northern areas of China. 2) Its origin is from far ancientry, and there exist many primitive families and genera as well as many relic species. 3) The character of transition is very conspicuous with complex and varied geographical elements, but the temperate type being the dominant. There are 15 types and 18 variants of distribution types at the genera level, the typical Temperate, Tropic and East Asia elements respectively make up 47.9%, 29.5% and 14.5%.4) It is rich in species endemic to China, with 1514 species, ranking first in the northern areas in China. 5) The floristic spatial differentia is obvious. The southeastern Henan belongs to East China plant region, the southwestern to Central China, the northern and the central to North China.

  5. Seismic Zonation of Central-Southern Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Ying; Xu Guangyin; Chen Kun; Gao Mengtan

    2007-01-01

    Based on basic data used in compiling the Zonation Map of Earthquake Ground Motion Parameters in China, recent research on seismic safety assessment for engineering sites in central-southern Hunan Province, the new attenuation relationships of moderate earthquakes and the background seismicity data obtained by modern instrumental earthquake records since 1970, a new result of seismic zonation of central-southern Hunan Province is provided. The result shows that the area with PGA = 0.05g has obviously increased in the new map compared with the previous one and is relatively consistent with the seismic disaster characteristics of moderate earthquakes that took place in the central-southern part of Hunan in recent years.This result will benefit the research and compilation of a new-generation seismic zonation map of earthquake ground motion parameters and the seismic hazard assessment in the moderate earthquake active regions in the central and eastern part of China.

  6. A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Lianhai; ZHOU Zhonghe; ZHANG Fucheng; WANG Zhao

    2005-01-01

    @@ A pelvic skeleton, recognized as a large terrestrial bird in the field, was recently collected by our paleomammalogist colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology from the late Miocene sandy mudstones in the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, northwest China. We have further referred this bird to as an early representative of ostrich. Ostrich fossils usually coexisted with the famous Hipparion Fauna from the Miocene to Pliocene.

  7. The analyses on health literacy status among residents of Anhui Province in 2012%2012年安徽省居民健康素养现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲学锋; 王志敏; 张莲芝

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the current situation of health literacy among residents of Anhui Province, and to provide scientific basis for developing intervention strategy .Methods By multi-stage stratified random cluster sam-pling,3209 randomly chosen residents aged 15 -69 years old were investigated.Results The overall level of adjusted health literacy (AHL)among the residents of Anhui Province was 4.73%.The AHL rates in the 3 health literacy related as-pects as basic health concept and knowledge,healthy lifestyle and behaviors,and health related skills were 14.39%, 8.11%and 4.80%,respectively.The AHL rates of 6 health issues as safety and first aid,attitude towards health,health information,infectious diseases prevention,chronic non-communicable diseases prevention and basic medical care among the residents of Anhui Province were 42.70%,28.36%,10.75%,15.69%,9.83%,and 5.79%,respectively.The overall AHL rate and the AHL rates in the 3 health literacy related aspects were all higher among the males than among the female,higher among the urban residents than among the rural residents,and higher among the residents under 45 years old than among those aged 45 years old and above.The higher the education level of the respondents,the higher the proportion of AHL.Conclusion The basic health literacy among residents of Anhui Province is low.Residents who live in rural area,fe-males,aged over 45 and lower education are priority target population for health education and promotion.%目的:了解安徽省居民的健康素养水平,为制定健康教育干预策略提供科学依据。方法采取多阶段随机整群抽样方法,抽取全省11个监测点3029名15~69岁常住居民进行调查。结果安徽省居民的健康素养水平为4.73%;具备3大类素养水平由高到低分别为:基本健康知识和理念的水平较高(14.39%),健康生活方式和行为为8.11%,健康技能4.80%;具备6类健康问题中,安全与急

  8. Discussion on Cultivation Techniques of Melon and Cotton Relay Intercropping System on Lixin County of Anhui Province%安徽省利辛县瓜套棉栽培技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘刚

    2014-01-01

    Combining with cultivation and management techniques of watermelon and cultivation and management techniques of cotton, the cultivation techniques of melon and cotton relay intercropping system on Lixin County of Anhui Province were put forward. It was elaborated from the following aspects, including adjusting sowing, using applicable varieties, soil preparation and fertilization, diseases and pests controlling, etc. The results provided references for local agricultural production.%结合西瓜栽培管理技术和棉花栽培管理技术,提出了安徽省利辛县瓜套棉栽培技术,从调节播种期、选用适用品种、整地施肥、主要病虫害防治等方面进行了详细阐述,为当地农业生产提供了参考。

  9. 安徽省2005-2009年钩端螺旋体病疫情动态监测分析%Analysis on the epidemic trend and surveillence of leptospirosis in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青; 刘红; 范引光; 顾黎丽

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省钩端螺旋体病(简称钩体病)流行特征,为制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法 用描述性流行病学的方法对2005-2009年安徽省钩体病流行特征进行分析,采用病原学、血清学检测方法探索主要的流行菌群.结果 2005-2009年安徽省钩体病年平均发病率为0.055/10万,发病率最高年份是2007年(0.085/10万),职业分布以农民为主,占87.15%(156/179).年龄分布以15~60岁为主,占86.59%(155/179),男女病例数之比为2.25:1(124/55).病例主要分布在旌德县(57例)、歙县(52例)及黄山区(15例).2005-2009年共检测出177株毒株,其中黄疸出血群占93.22%(165/177).健康人群血清学检测阳性率为5.64%(122/2 162),以黄疸出血群为主,占68.03%(83/122),黑线姬鼠为优势种,占84.55%(1 779/2 104),带菌率为8.94%(159/1 779).结论 安徽省钩体病流行菌群为黄疸出血群,主要宿主是黑线姬鼠,钩体病流行血清群正在改变,需长期监测及时掌握疫情动态,采取有针对性预防控制措施.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of leptospirosis in Anhui Province and provide evidence for making prevention and cure strategy. Methods Descriptive analysis of leptospirosis epidemic situation in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009 was made, the main microbial population was explored by the patients and the host animals etiological and serological detection methods. Results The average morbidity of leptospirosis in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009 was 0. 055/100 000. The highest incidence was 0. 085/100 000 in 2007, the major patients were farmers (87.15%, 156/179). Most of the patients were from 15 years to 60 years (86.59%, 155/179), the male to female ratio was 2.25:1(124/55). Most cases were found in Jingde County (57 cases), and Shexian County (52 cases), followed by Huangshan District (15 cases). 177 strains were detected from 2005 to 2009, of which 165 strains of jaundice bleeding group (93.22%, 165

  10. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  11. Investigation of Green Traditional Handicraft Industry in Western Anhui Province%皖西绿色传统手工业发展现状调查报告--以舒城凉席为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余波

    2014-01-01

    以皖西绿色传统手工业发展现状为调研对象,利用社会科学统计软件包,以舒城凉席为例,建立因子分析模型进行实证研究,从产品利益、人口状况、消费心理、消费行为、对舒席产品的认知等方面探讨影响舒城凉席行业发展的因素,以此构建皖西绿色传统手工业可持续发展能力指标体系,形成本项目研究阶段性成果。为项目后期进行实证分析、策略应用提供参考和依据。%The paper investigate the development of green traditional handicraft industry in Western Anhui Province With the factor analysis models and the SPSS 16.0 statistical package for social science research , the paper analyzed the benefits , population , consumer psychology , consumer behavior and perception of Shucheng products to discover factors affecting the development of ShuCheng mat industry .Based on the analysis , the sustainable development ability index system of green traditional handicraft in-dustry in Western Anhui province are constructed .The research can provide some assistance for the empirical analysis .

  12. Dynamic change and factor decomposition of carbon footprint of energy consumption in Anhui Province%安徽省能源消费碳排放足迹的动态变化及因素分解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付金沐; 李琦; 储国定; 陈啸吟

    2011-01-01

    文章采用生态足迹模型与因素分解分析模型,定量分析了1995-2008年安徽省能源消费碳排放足迹的变动趋势、生态效应以及影响因素.结果表明:近15 a安徽省碳排放足迹呈上升态势,煤炭足迹在其中占主导地位;碳足迹强度呈幂指数衰减,而碳足迹生态压力不断上升,说明碳排放对自然生态系统的压力逐渐增大.因素分解结果显示,经济增长效应是近些年安徽省碳足迹增加的主要因素,能源强度效应是抑制碳足迹增长的主要原因,而人口效应和结构效应对碳排放的贡献不大.%In this paper, the dynamic change, ecological effect and influencing factors of carbon footprint of energy consumption in Anhui Province from 1995 to 2008 are analyzed by ecological footprint model and factor decomposition model. The results show that during the past fifteen years, carbon footprint in Anhui Province is on the rise with coal footprint in the majority. An exponential decreasing trend is observed for carbon footprint intensity, whereas the ecological pressure intensity of carbon footprint is increasing, implying that the pressure of carbon emission on natural ecological system is enhancing. According to the results of factor decomposition, the economic growth and the energy intensity effect are main reasons for increasing and restraining the carbon footprint respectively. The effects of population and structure on the carbon emission are limited.

  13. 安徽省森林可持续发展与生态足迹分析%Analysis of the Forest Sustainable Development and the Ecological Footprint in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张然; 王仙慧

    2014-01-01

    在传统生态足迹模型的基础上,分出生态足迹和承载力两部分来计算安徽省2009-2011年的森林生态足迹,根据统计数据中生物资源和各项能源的消费量,计算出森林的生物资源账户和能源消费账户的生态足迹,再进一步计算各年的生态承载力,发现安徽省2009-2011年都是生态盈余,但森林生态足迹会很快赶超其生态承载力。并对如何维持森林资源的可持续发展从能源消费和森林资源恢复两方面提出若干建议。%Ecological footprint is a new method for quantitative measures of sustainable development,which reflecting the degree to people taking advantage of natural. This Article calculated two parts of the forest ecological footprint and bearing capacity from 2009 to 2011 in Anhui province with the basis of traditional ecological footprint model.According to the statistics of forestry biological resources and the fossil energy consumption,calculate the forest ecological footprint of biological resources accounts and fossil energy con-sumption accounts,then work out each of the ecological carrying capacity,further found that from 2009 to 2011 Anhui province keeps the ecological surplus,but the forest ecological footprint will catches up with the ecological carrying capacity soon,the author gave some advices from energy consumption and recovery of forest resources to maintain the sustainable development of forest resources.

  14. Zhu Yun’s Educational Activities in Mufu,Anhui Province%朱筠安徽幕府的教育活动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊岭

    2014-01-01

    朱筠是清中期一位著名学者,倡导识字通经,毕生重视人才的发现与培养,一生培养了大量人才。他在出任安徽学政时,一方面以识字通经教育安徽士子,有力改变了安徽学风;另一方面对幕中宾客学风产生影响,使许多幕宾实现了学术的转向。朱筠的教育活动推动了乾嘉朴学的发展。%Zhu Yun was a famous scholar in the mid Qing Dynasty.He initiated reading through and in all his life,he attached importance to discovering and cultivating talents and fostered a number of talents.When he was made educator in Anhui,on one hand,he educated the students in Anhui to read through,which changed the learning style in Anhui,and on the other hand,he had great impact on the learning style of the guests in Muzhong,which enabled many guests to change their academic orienta-tion.ZhuYun’s educational activities promoted the development of the Qianjia Down to earth Learn-ing Theory.

  15. 安徽省农村劳动力流动就业问题研究%Anhui Province Rural Labor Flow and Research of Obtain Employment Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: Keeping an eye on the.current flow of Anhui rural labor, this paper carries out an investigation and a- nalysis of the employment skills, the channels of employment, social security etc. Aiming at finding out the obs- tades of Anhui rural labor flow of employment mechanism of system, and puts forward corresponding solutions. In order to improve the quality of Anhui rural migrant workers, the government should strengthen professional quali- ty, perfect management flow and employment service flow and employment, and realize the harmonious develop-ment of the society.%就当前安徽农村流动劳动力的就业技能、就业渠道、社会保障、权利维护等几方面的现状进行调查分析,找出造成安徽农村劳动力流动就业问题的体制机制障碍,并提出相应的解决对策。以期提高安徽农民工职业素质,加强流动就业管理,完善流动就业服务,实现城乡社会和谐发展。

  16. 促进产学研协同创新的财税政策研究--以安徽省为例%Study on Fiscal and Taxation Policies to Promote I-U-R Collaborative Innovation---Taking Anhui province as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马克和

    2014-01-01

    In today's world, innovation is the source for healthy and rapid development of economy and society, “industry-universi-ty-research institutions”collaborative innovation has become an important strategy of which the US and European countries get rid of the international financial crisis and promote economic recovery. With scientific and technological progress and the increasingly fierce com-petition, China is in urgent need of “industry -university-research” collaborative innovation. Anhui Province in the central region is rel-atively backward regions in Economic and social development, strengthening the leading role of collaborative innovation in economic and social development is an important way and the means of exerting the advantage of backwardness. In order to realize collaborative innova-tion of the universities, research and practice institutes in Anhui province, it is necessary to motivate the use of fiscal policy.%当今世界,创新是经济和社会快速健康发展的源动力,产学研协同创新已成为欧美国家摆脱国际金融危机和推动经济复苏的重要策略。面对日新月异的科技进步和日益激烈的综合能力竞争,我国迫切需要产学研协同创新。安徽省作为中部经济社会发展相对滞后地区,强化产学研协同创新对经济社会发展的综合带动作用是发挥后发优势的重要抓手和手段。为了充分实现安徽省高校、科研院所与实务部门的产学研协同创新,有必要利用财税政策进行有效激励。

  17. 2010年六安市肠道病毒71型的分子流行病学特征%Molecular epidemiological characterization of enterovirus 71 in Lu'an city of Anhui province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宏伟; 高大维; 张文艳; 范玉珍; 李开春; 李朝阳; 俞海洋; 何军; 丁业荣; 杨卫

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the genetic characteristics and prevalence trends of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) in patients with hand, foot and mouth disease( HFMD)in Lu'an City, Anhui Province, and provide scientific basis for further prevention and control of HFMD in this area. Methods; Throat swab specimens from HFMD patients from Lu'an city were collected for enterovirus nucleic acid detection in Lu'an CDC, and eight EV71 positive samples were randomly selected to conduct sequence determination of VP1 full length. The nucleotide sequences were aligned with EV71 reference strains around the world and the various types of EV71 strains in Mainland China by Bioedit and DNASTAR software. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by clustal W method. Results; The complete VP1 genes from all eight specimens were 891 nt in length, encoding 297 amino acids. Sequence analysis showed that the homogeneity of these 8 strains shared 96.7% to 99.4% in nucleotide acid identity,and 97.0% to 100% in amino acid identity to the representative strains of C4a genotype isolated in China. But when compared to the reference strain of genotype A and B, there were only 82. 6% ~ 83. 2% , 83. 1% - 85. 0% in nucleotide acid identity and 96. 6% ~ 97. 0% , 96. 0% ~ 97.7% in amino acid identity among them. These results suggested that these 8 virus strains belonged to the EV71 C4a subgeno-type. Conclusion; The strains isolated from Lu'an city in 2010 are closely related to those isolated from other provinces in China and all of them belong to C4a subgenotype. It indicated that the C4a genotype probably widely distributes and spreads in mainland of China. The present research is important for the basic research of enterovirus and prevention and control of the EV71 outbreak in China.%目的:探讨六安市手足口病患者中EV71的流行趋势及其基因特征,为手足口病的进一步防控提供科学依据.方法:六安市疾控中心从手足口病患儿中采集咽拭子标本进行肠道

  18. The Investigation & Study of the Technical Aspects for Table Tennis Player in Higher Vocational Colleges in Anhui Province-The 13 th Sports Colleges & Universities Women Table Tennis Match Group as An Example in Anhui Province%安徽省高职院校乒乓球选手技术状况的调查与研究--以安徽十三届省运会高校部乒乓球比赛女子乙组为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程茂勇

    2015-01-01

    As a sports, it has been carried out widespread in the colleges campus, table tennis which has been well received in many undergraduate. The table tennis had come a game in Anhui Games. By the means of question-naires and surveys, interview, data analysis the article will investigate the 13th games of vocational&technical col-lege in Anhui province in 2014, vocational 34 women table tennis players the game. I find their technical aspects that is not optimistic through analyzing the technical characteristics, skill levels, performance to women table tennis players. I make some suggestions and put forward countermeasures accordingly following three aspects for the col-lege authorities such as facilities available in table tennis, increasing coaches’ capacity, Improving training method, making reasonably training plans, paying more attention to the psychological training, strengthening psychological guidance, etc. I am looking forward to develop of higher vocational colleges in Anhui province women’s table tennis to provide valuable reference.%乒乓球运动作为在高校得到普遍开展的体育运动,深受在校大学生的欢迎。通过问卷调查与访谈的方式,以数据统计的方法,对参加2014年安徽十三届省运会高校女子乙组的10支高职院校女子代表队34名乒乓球参赛选手进行调查问卷与比赛结果的考察,并对选手比赛的技术特征、技术水平、参赛表现进行调查分析,发现选手的技术状况不容乐观。从完善训练设施,提升师资力量;推行科学的训练方法,制定合理的训练计划;重视心理训练,强化心理指导等三个方面提出发展对策,期望为安徽省高职院校女子乒乓球运动的发展提供有价值的参考。

  19. Land Transfer out of the Prototype Model and the Difficulties——Based on the Case Analysis of Wuwei County Anhui Province%土地流转的雏形模式与困境摆脱——基于安徽无为县典型案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金玥

    2011-01-01

    发展现代农业以及农业现代化,唯一的出路在于扩大农业生产规模。制约农业规模经营的一个重要因素是土地细碎化。如何让农民自愿的把土地集中起来,各地都在进行积极的探索。安徽无为县的一些做法值得我们去思考和总结。%Enlarging the production scale for agriculture is the only one way on the China ’ s agricultural modernization process. The progressive refinement for land use is an important fact to limit the scale of agriculture operation. How to centralize the land use for enlarging the production scale of agriculture about the different farmer ’ s own will is a focal point that the government around to Anhui Province has been exploring actively. Some methods for land circulation about Wuwei County is a feasible way to be worth of sum up.

  20. 关于农村银行业法人机构反洗钱“5C”评估有效性的思考--来自安徽的调查%The Reflection on the Effectiveness of“5C”Assessment of Anti-money Laundering of Rural Banking Corporation Institutions---The Survey from Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    课题组

    2016-01-01

    With the risk-based concept as the guidance, the People’s Bank of China actively explores the anti-money laundering risk assessment on the basis of“5C”standards. Combined with the situation of Anhui province, the paper carries out a special investi-gation to improve the effectiveness of the anti-money laundering and actively explore the suitable methods of risk assessment for the rural banking corporation institutions.%以风险为本理念为指导,人民银行积极探索开展以“5C”为标准的反洗钱风险评估工作。本文立足安徽,开展专题调研,以提升反洗钱工作有效性为目标,积极探索适用于农村银行业法人机构的风险评估方法。

  1. Regional differences of urban construction land in Jiangsu province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Xiu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Jiangsu province is a typical area of the urban extension problems. Urban construction land has been the major area of city research. And more and more people pay attention to this matter. In this paper, regional differences of urban construction land in Jiangsu province, China were analyzed. Firstly, this work is based on remote sensing images as the main data source in 2010. The spectral differences of soil cover type of waters, forest land, construction land, unused land, cultivated land were explored. Secondly, three kinds of index methods (soil adjusted vegetation index, modified normalized difference water index and the ratio resident-area index were used to extract the information of urban construction land. Finally, urban construction land was segmented by administrative boundary information of Jiangsu Province, China. And, different areas of the urban construction land, non-urban construction land and cultivated land were compared and analyzed. The experimental results from the urban construction scale show that, in 2010, the south of Jiangsu is greater than the north of Jiangsu, and the north of Jiangsu is greater than the central of Jiangsu. From the point of proportion of cultivated land: the central of Jiangsu is greater than the north of Jiangsu, and the north of Jiangsu is greater than the south of Jiangsu.

  2. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  3. 安徽稻田小蜂分科检索(膜翅目:小蜂总科)%Key to families of Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera:Chalcidoidea) in paddy fields in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶慧子; 肖晖; 胡好远

    2012-01-01

    Nine families and 12 genera of Chaleidoidea were found in paddy fields from Wuhu,Anhui Province.An illustrated key to the nine families and a general diagnosis of the families are provided.%对中国安徽芜湖稻田中的小蜂总科进行了分类研究,共发现9科12属,编制了分科检索表,提供了各科主要的分类特征图.

  4. Study on the Current Status and Solutions of Rural Human Resources Development in Anhui Province%安徽省农村人力资源的现状与开发策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁静

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,the economic development of rural areas in Anhui province has slowed down,the gap between urban and rural areas has widened.Rural human resources development is a main factor influence the progress of rural areas.The development of rural human resources and improving the quality of rural human resources are the important method to solve the issues concerning agriculture.The rural human resources total quantity of Anhui province is a large scale,but the overall quality is a low level and the human resources structure is unreasonable.This paper analyzes the current status and put forward some suggestions for rural human resources development in Anhui province from perfecting rural education system,promoting the movement of rural human resources and optimizing the human resources environment.Education is an important way to develop human resources.From strengthening rural education and training,it can improve the overall quality of rural human resources.From speeding up rural human resources mobility,it can promote the transfer development.It refers to improve the rural social security system and the level of rural human resources security.At last,this paper can help to strengthen human resource inputs and realize the goal of Human resources strong province.%从近几年来看,安徽省农村地区的经济发展速度较慢,城乡差距不断扩大,农村人力资源开发是影响农村发展的一个非常重要的问题。开发农村人力资源,提高农村人力资源素质,是解决"三农"问题的重要途径。安徽省农村人力资源数量巨大,但素质较低,结构不合理。论文针对安徽省农村人力资源的现状,从完善农村教育体系、促进农村人力资源转移、优化人力资源环境几个方面提出了对策建议。教育是开发人力资源的主要手段,通过加强农村教育培训,提高农村人力资源的综合素质。通过加快农村人力资源的合理流动,促进迁移性开发。

  5. 低碳经济背景下安徽包装业转型的必要性解析%Necessity Analysis of Transformation of Packaging Industry in Anhui Province in the Circumstance of Low-Carbon Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2011-01-01

    With the deepening of industrialization,environmental problems such as the lack of resources,energy shortages,climate warming have become issues of world concern.One of the effective measures to these increasingly grave problems is the development of low carbon economy.Based on the theories of low-carbon economy,the paper discusses the relation between low-carbon economy and the packaging industry,analyzes the problems existing in the development of low carbon economy in Anhui packaging industry,and probes the necessity for a transformation of the local packaging industry in the light of its own characteristics.The paper is of significance to the promotion of the sustainable economy development of Anhui Province.%随着工业化水平的不断提高,资源匮乏、能源短缺、气候变暖等环境问题已成为世界关注的话题。发展低碳经济正是应对当前日趋严峻的环境问题的有效措施。本文以低碳经济相关理论为基础,讨论了包装产业与发展低碳经济间的关系,分析了安徽包装业在低碳发展方面存在的问题,进而结合安徽包装业自身的特点,探寻了低碳经济背景下安徽包装业转型的必要性,对推动安徽经济的可持续发展将具有重要意义。

  6. An Empirical Study of the Development and Countermeasures of Animation Industry in Anhui Province%安徽省动漫产业发展现状及其对策的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张中英; 冯春林

    2014-01-01

    An analysis of a large amounts of data and charts shows that the animation industry in Anhui Province,although having made long headway with the increased number of accredited companies,remains a gap behind the top group, specifically manifesting in the lack of leading animation enterprises and good works,insufficient originality,lower part of the industrial chain.It is thus proposed that the policy support be given,with efforts to foster a number of excellent Anhui animation companies and works that reflects local characteristics,and to strengthen the joint between industries and improve the whole industry chain.%通过大量的数据和图表分析发现,虽然安徽省动漫产业在某些方面取得了长足的发展,如电视动画片时长、获得认定的企业数量等,但是与第一集团还有很大的差距。具体表现在:缺乏龙头企业、缺少优秀作品、原创能力不足、处于产业链低端等。由此,提出政策建议:需要继续给予政策扶持,加大力度培育一批体现安徽地方特色的优秀动漫企业和作品,打造一批徽派动漫形象,同时还要加强产业间的联合,完善整个产业链。

  7. Anhui Acrobatics Troupe—A Bright Pearl

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Anhui Provincial Acrobatic Troupe was founded in 1956 by members of the former Beijing Youth Acrobatic Troupe and the China Acrobatic Troupe.The first president was the famous acrobat Cao Pengfei,also known as Fei Fei Fei.In the 40 years since its founding the troupe has developed tremendously.It has performed all over China and in nearly 30 countries and regions in the

  8. 沱湖自然保护区鸟类群落结构及其多样性指数分析%Community structure and biodiversity of birds in Tuohu Nature Reserve, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍方印; 王松; 张涛; 王帮正; 崔峰

    2011-01-01

    During April 2008 to May 2009, a sysmetic bird community survey was conducted in Tuohu Nature Reserve. Anhui Province, China. A total of 69 species belonging to 13 orders 33 families were recorded, of which 42 species belong to Palaeartic birds (62. 0%), and 6 species to Oriental (8. 5%). The species of Paleartic are dominant, and in terms of migration 12 species (16.9%) are residents, while 57 species (83. 1%) are migratory birds,of which 2 species are in the national grade-one protection list, 6 species in the national grade-two protection list ,and 31 species in Anhui provincial protection list. The bird species diversity shows clear seasonal variation. The management of the protection of the birds, as well as local resources, is also discussed in this paper. Bird diversity index varies with seasons and the living environment. The data shows that diversity index of the habitat of mire is the maximum (1. 368 1) , and next to it is the habitat of forest (1. 258 6), farmland (0. 805 9) and water body (0. 739 0). However, the habitat of residential area is the minimum (0. 642 0). The evenness index of water habitat (0. 380 0) is the maximum, and next to it is that of the mire (0. 376 1), forest (0.360 0) and farmland (0. 314 2). After all, the index of residential area is the minimum (0. 267 7). In Huaihe River Basin, Tuohu Lake survives the winter and thus serves as an important route in the migration for the multitudinous waterfowls on the way, and the function of this basin wetland waterfowl protection. The results indicate that the water birds are facing the threats from the environmental degradation and human activity in the area.%2008年4月~2009年5月,采用样线法对沱湖自然保护区的鸟类物种多样性进行了调查,共记录有鸟类13目33科69种,其中国家Ⅰ类保护鸟类2种、国家Ⅱ类保护鸟类6种、安徽省地方重点保护鸟类31种.69种鸟类中古北界鸟类42种(62.0%),东洋界鸟类6种(8.5%).69

  9. Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92.

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Y; Xu, A.; Li, L.; T. Lei; Takezaki, T; Hagiwara, A.; Yoneyama, T; T Fujiwara; Hara, M.; Yamamoto, T.

    1994-01-01

    In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100,000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were st...

  10. Analysis of the Relationship between the listed companies′growth and their finance performance of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province%安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性与财务绩效关系探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤孟泽; 汪本强

    2013-01-01

    It has important practical significance to analyze the growth issue to promoting their sustainable development of listed companies on strategic and emerging industries in Anhui Province. This paper empirical studies on the relationship between the listed companies′growth and their finance performance of strategic emerging industries based on 2006-2012data in Anhui Province. Research results show that the listed companies′growth has significantly positively correlates with their finance performance of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province. Therefore, the paper puts forward suggestions on how to optimize those listed companies' growth and finance performance on strategic and emerging industries in Anhui Province.%深入研究安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性问题,对于促使其可持续发展无疑具有重要的现实意义。根据2006-2011年安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司的年报数据,回归分析其公司成长性与财务绩效的相关关系。研究表明,安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性与财务绩效之间存在较为显著的相关关系;为此提出促进公司健康成长及优化公司财务绩效水平的政策建议。

  11. The questions existed in establishment and development of the nature reserves in Anhui Province and the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions%安徽省自然保护区建设发展存在问题及对策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓辉; 刘慧; 葛菁

    2011-01-01

    自然保护区是现有条件下人类保护自然资源和濒危野生动植物的最有效手段,已成为生物多样性保护和研究的重要基地.安徽省自然保护区建设已有三十年历史,建设了一批不同级别、不同类型的自然保护区,为区域生物多样性保护做出了重要贡献.文中在重点分析安徽省自然保护区建设发展现状和存在问题的基础上,提出加强自然保护区建设和管理的对策,为安徽省自然保护区的良性发展进行有益探索.%Under the existing conditions, nature reserve is the most effective measure to protect natural resources and endangered species of wild fauna and flora, and has become an important base of biodiversity protection and research. Nature reserves in Anhui Province have already been built for 30 years of history. A number of different levels and different types of nature reserves had been built in Anhui Province, and has made a major contribution to the regional biodiversity conservation. This dissertation, based on analyzing the current status and questions existed in establishment and development of nature reserves in Anhui Province, puts forward a few countermeasures to strengthen development and management of nature reserves, and undertakes beneficial exploration for the sound development of nature reserves in Anhui Province.

  12. Dynamics of Pteroceltis tatarinowii Population in Langya Mountain of Anhui Province%安徽琅琊山青檀种群数量动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴旺; 张小平; 郭传友; 丁建华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theories of population life table and survival analysis, a static life table and curves of the survival rate, mortality rate and vanishing rate as well as survival function curve, of Pteroceltis tatarinowii population in the Langya Mountain of Anhui Province were worked out for analysis of quantitative characteristics of the population using the diameter at breast height ( DBH) classification method and the section smoothing technique. Further on for analysis of dynamics of the population quantity the method of quantification of population dynamics and the time series prediction model were used. Results show that 1) the population of Pteroceltis tatarinowii in the Langya Mountain is of the type of steady growth. The structure of DBH class of the population appeared roughly in the shape of an invert " J" ; trees middle and young in age were relatively high in number, but those old in age relatively low. Although the population may be subject to certain fluctuation during its development process, the two dynamic indexes of Vp,i and Vp,i' (taking into account the external interference) of the population quantity were both higher than zero. 2) The curves of the mortality rate and the vanishing rate of the population varied in a similar trend, each with two peaks popping up at the 2nd age class and the other at the 11th or 12th. Statistic test shows that the survival rate curve tends to be of the type of Deevey- II. 3) The survival rate of the population decreased monotonically, while the cumulative mortality rate increased in the same manner. The falling trend of the survival rate was more apparent in the early stage than in the late stage, whereas that of the cumulative mortality rate was just the reverse. The survival functional curve shows that the Pteroceltis tatarinowii population is characterized by weakness in the early age period, stableness in the middle age period, but decline in the old age period. 4) The time sequence model predicts that young

  13. The Listed Company Financial Leverage in Anhui Province to the Study on the Impact of Investment Spending%安徽省上市公司财务杠杆对投资支出的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘媛媛; 曾蕾

    2011-01-01

    This paper,by using the listed company in Anhui province 2007 ~ 2009 three years of relevant financial data for sample,at home and abroad on the basis of the existing theories of the listed company,the three regression model,the empirical analysis.Through the study,the conclusion that in the bank borrowing to show the listed company financial leverage level case,in our province,the listed company financial leverage level and between investment spending is not significant negative correlation.%利用安徽省上市公司2007—2009三年的相关财务数据为样本,在国内外已有理论的基础上对这些上市公司分别进行了三种回归模型的实证分析。通过研究得出的结论认为,在以银行借款比率来表示上市公司财务杠杆水平情况下,安徽省上市公司的财务杠杆水平与投资支出之间存在不显著的负相关性。

  14. Stamps of New China: Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui-Special Stamps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On June 25, 2004 the State Postal Bureau issued a set of four special stamps entitled “Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun Villages.” The stamps depict two ancient villages in Yixian County, southern Anhui Province, which UNESCO added to the World Heritage List on November 30, 2000.

  15. [Ecosystem service and economic valuation in the upper reaches of Xin' an River, Anhui, China for mitigating phosphorus nonpoint source pollution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Fang; Wu, Nan; Fang, Xiang-long; Gao, Ji-xi; Zhou, Xiao-tie; Feng, Chao-yang

    2015-04-01

    A model of phosphorus purification in a watershed was established based on the export coefficient and purification index of phosphorus in different types of land cover. The model was employed to simulate the economic value of the ecosystem service with the expected water quality standard and marginal cost of pollutant purification of the upper reaches of Xin' an River of Anhui, China. The results revealed that from 2000 to 2010, some farmland outside the Tunxi, Jixi, Shexian, Yixian and Xiuning was converted to built-up land. The total amount of phosphorus exported to the upper Xin' an River decreased a little, and the main source of phosphorus pollution was farmland and built-up land. More than half of the exported phosphorus was efficiently purified by different types of land cover via flow accumulation. The pattern of purification and export of highly concentrated phosphorus showed the same trend which occurred in the northern part of the watershed including the Yangzhi River, Fengle River and Hengjiang River. Forestland and grassland did not efficiently purify phosphorus in the watershed owing to the irrational distribution of existing land cover. The total service value was 3.80 and 3.31 million Yuan in 2000 and 2010, respectively. PMID:26259471

  16. [Ecosystem service and economic valuation in the upper reaches of Xin' an River, Anhui, China for mitigating phosphorus nonpoint source pollution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Fang; Wu, Nan; Fang, Xiang-long; Gao, Ji-xi; Zhou, Xiao-tie; Feng, Chao-yang

    2015-04-01

    A model of phosphorus purification in a watershed was established based on the export coefficient and purification index of phosphorus in different types of land cover. The model was employed to simulate the economic value of the ecosystem service with the expected water quality standard and marginal cost of pollutant purification of the upper reaches of Xin' an River of Anhui, China. The results revealed that from 2000 to 2010, some farmland outside the Tunxi, Jixi, Shexian, Yixian and Xiuning was converted to built-up land. The total amount of phosphorus exported to the upper Xin' an River decreased a little, and the main source of phosphorus pollution was farmland and built-up land. More than half of the exported phosphorus was efficiently purified by different types of land cover via flow accumulation. The pattern of purification and export of highly concentrated phosphorus showed the same trend which occurred in the northern part of the watershed including the Yangzhi River, Fengle River and Hengjiang River. Forestland and grassland did not efficiently purify phosphorus in the watershed owing to the irrational distribution of existing land cover. The total service value was 3.80 and 3.31 million Yuan in 2000 and 2010, respectively.

  17. Molecular Epidemiological Surveillance of Rubella Viruses in Anhui Province during 1999-2011%安徽省1999~2011年风疹病毒分子流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周淑洁; 朱贞; 陈霞; 何维宽; 余文周; 唐继海; 苏颖; 柴瑜; 刘丹青

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the genotypes and genetic characteristics of rubella viruses circulated in Anhui province during 1999-2011 and to provide the important genetic baseline data for rubella control and elimination.Methods Vero cell and vero/vero cell transfected to express the human singaling lymphacyte actiration molecule (SLAM)cells were used to isolate rubella viruses from throat swabs collected from suspected rubella cases in all prefectures of Anhui province during 1999-2011.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)method was performed to amplify 1107 nucleotides products,and PCR products were directed sequenced and analyzed.Results 72 rubella viruses were obtained from 145 throat samples collected from suspected rubella case from 10 prefectures The phylogenetic analysis based on the WHO standard sequences window within E1 gene (nt 8731 to 9469,739 nucleotide)showed that 72 rubella viruses belong to 3 genotypes including 1E (62 strains),1F(8 strains),and 2B (2 strains).Genotype 1F rubella viruses were found in 1999 and 2000 espectively,while genotype 2B rubella viruses were only detected in 2000,and these two genotype rubella viruses were not found since then.Genotype 1E rubella viruses were first detected in Anhui province in 2001,and then the virus were detected from 7 prefecture continually.Several lineages of genotype 1E rubella viruses circulated in Anhui province during 2001-2011 were existed in the phylogenetic tree.Most of the nucleotide mutations of 72 rubella viruses were silent mutations,and the amino acid sequences were highly conserved.Except few rubella viruses,there had no changes at the important epitopes.Conclusion The changes of genotype from 1F to 1E in 2001 and 2002.The rubella epidemic in recent years in Anhui province was mainly caused by genotype 1E rubella virus with multi-transmission chains,different transmission chains of genotype 1E rubella viruses were continuously circulated in the prefecture and inter

  18. Contribution to the knowledge of Neoperla (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Hainan Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhi-Teng; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2016-01-01

    The species of the perlid genus Neoperla are reviewed from Hainan Province, China. Three species of Neoperla, N. minuta sp. nov., N. wuzhishana sp. nov., and N. sexlobata sp. nov. are described from this island province and compared with other taxa. A provisional key is presented to the known Neoperla males from Hainan Province. PMID:27470851

  19. Nodes and Field of Tourist Origins to Ancient Village——A Case Study of Huangcheng Village in Shanxi Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Based on Hagget's theory of spatial structure, researches on the nodes and field of tourist origins to Huangcheng Village in Shanxi Province of China have been explored. Nodal hierarchy structure of tourist origins is analyzed with cluster analysis and the gravity model. And field of tourist origins is analyzed with attraction radius index (R) and geography concentration index (G). In the field analysis, R and G of Huangcheng Village are compared with Xidi Village that is a world heritage located in Huangshan City of Anhui Province in China. According to comparison of locations of two areas, influential factors for field area of Huangcheng Village are identified. It is concluded that: 1) cluster analysis and gravity model can be complementary methods to each other for nodal hierarchy structure analysis of tourist origins; and 2) as far as location is concerned, the weak intensity effect of tourism resources in the tourist region is a major cause for explaining why tourist origins to Huangcheng Village are mainly its neighboring areas. Moreover, it is suggested that the regional effect of tourist resources should be regarded as a component of destination attractiveness when applying gravity model.

  20. 安徽省不同产区不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯含量的研究%Study on Content of the Total Terpene Lactones in Ginkgo Biloba L.Leaves from Various Area and Varieties in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周正华; 杜安全; 王先荣; 王德群; 刘守金; 梁益敏

    2013-01-01

    目的:研究安徽省不同产区和不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯的含量.方法:采集安徽省6个产区不同品种银杏叶,分别测定其中总内酯的含量.结果:不同产区不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯的含量差别较大.结论:可为安徽不同地区合理栽培银杏提供参考.%Objective:To study the content of total terpene lactones in Ginkgo biloba L. leaves from various area and varieties in Anhui province. Methods: Ginkgo biloba L. leaves were collected from six growth area in Anhui province, and the content of total terpene lactones were measured. Results: The contents of total terpene lactones were different in Ginkgo biloba L. leaves from various area and varieties. Conclusion: The result could provide scientific basis for rational planting of Ginkgo biloba L. in different areas of Anhui province.

  1. EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OF JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shu-xia; SHANG Jin-cheng; GUO Huai-cheng

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to give evaluation of ecological services of Jilin Province,Northeast China.To take this value into decision-making and GDP accounting system is considered to be one of the economic solutions for ecological problems.The evaluation is based on the methods proposed by COSTANZA et al.,and some modifications about unit value of forest and cropland system were made according to the real characters of ecosystem,climate,natural conditions etc.,in Jilin Province.Total value of ecosystem services is about 554.404×109yuan(RMB)/a,which is about 4.9 times of GDP of the corresponding period.The results of this study could be used as a fundamental work for the construction of ecological province,which was carried out from 2001,and could provide ecological information for decision-making.Furthermore,the necessities for the further studies on the evaluation of ecological services and natural capital were discussed.

  2. SURVEY OF AIRBORNE POLLEN IN HUBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-hui Liu; Rong-fei Zhu; Wei Zhang; Wen-jing Li; Zhong-xi Wang; Huan Chen

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the genera and seasonal distribution of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China,and its relationship with pollinosis.Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,an airborne pollen investigation was performed in 16 chosen areas in 12 cities of Hubei province using gravity sedimentation technique.Meanwhile,univalent skin prick tests of pollens were performed and the invasion season was studied on 2 300 patients with pollinosis.Among them,352 eases underwent the airway responsiveness measurements,and the correlation between airway responsiveness and results of pollen count was analyzed.Results A total of 61 pollen genera were observed and 257 520 pollens were collected.The peak of airborne pollen distribution occurred in two seasons each year:spring (March and April) and autumn (from August to October).The attack of pollinosis corresponded to the peak of pollen distribution.There was a significantly negative relationship between the provocation dose causing a 20% decrease of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from baseline and airborne pollen concentration (r=-0.6829,P<0.05).Conclusion This study provides useful information for airborne pollen epidemiology of Hubei province,and it provides important insights to clinical prevention,diagnosis,and treatment of pollen-related allergic diseases.

  3. Epidemiology of assaultive injuries in areas of Sichuan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Zheng-hua; LI Lei-bo; ZHOU Xiao-rong; CHANG Yun-feng; CHEN Xiao-gang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To scrutinize the epidemiologicalcharacteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province,China.Methods: A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862victims and 2856 offenders were registered.Results: The majority of victims and offenders were young men at the age of 20-39 and only received an education at secondary school or primary school. The largest fraction of these cases took place at farm or by-place during 10. 00-11.00 o'clock, 16.00-17.00 o'clock and 20.00-21.00 o'clock. The tangles caused by trifles were the most common factors inducing assaultive injuries and accounted for 42.1 percent of the causes of assaults. Blunt injuries were mainly caused by punching (40%) and kicking ( 17. 2 %). About 37.3 % of the lesions seriously happened in the regions of face and head. Open wounds accounted for 40.3 % of these different injuries.Conclusions: It is valuable to take some specific measures to prevent and control assaultive injuries according to their territorial characteristics.

  4. Study on Soil pH and Acidic Buffering Properties in Anhui Province%安徽主要土壤酸碱性及其酸缓冲性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文婧; 戴万宏

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the soil pH distributions and influencing factors and the effects of acid rain on soil acidification, 0-20 cm surface soil samples of four main soil types in different geographical regions in Anhui Province were collected, and the distribution and influencing factors of soil pH and acid buffering capacity were studied through the methods of information collection, indoor chemical analysis and correlation analysis. The results showed that soil pH and buffer capacity of soils in Anhui Province showed a decreasing trend from north to south; the order of soil pH was: alluvial soil> Shajiang black soil> paddy soil> red soil, the relationships between soil pH and average annual precipitation, exchangeable Al, exchangeable acid and the total hydrolysis acidity were showed significant positive correlation (r2=0.7010-0.9039**); the order of soil acid buffering capacity was: alluvial soil (87.6 mmol/kg) > Shajiang black soil (36.4 mmol/kg) >paddy soil (29.2 mmol/kg)> red soil(23.0 mmol/kg), the relationships between soil acid buffering capacity and soil pH, soil basic ion exchange capacity and soil base saturation were significant positive correlation (r2=0.7631-0.9494"). It showed that the soil pH varied considerably in Anhui Province. The soil basic properties and environmental conditions strongly influenced the soil pH and acid buffering properties, which were bound to affect the consequences of soil by acid rain.%为了解安徽省土壤酸碱性分布状况和影响因素、以及未来酸雨可能给土壤带来的酸化影响,选取 采集了安徽省不同地理区域4种主要土壤的0~20 cm表层样品,通过收集资料、室内测定和相关性分析研究了土壤酸碱性和酸缓冲容量的大小、分布规律及其影响因素.结果表明,安徽主要土壤pH和酸缓冲容量均呈现由北向南依次递减趋势;pH大小顺序为:潮土>砂姜黑土>水稻土>红壤,土壤酸碱性与年均降水量、交换性铝、

  5. Investigation on hair mercury concentration of people in 8 typical regions of Anhui Province and its influence factors%安徽省典型地区人群头发汞含量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钮志远; 王元; 刘桂建

    2016-01-01

    Mercury and its compounds are harmful to human health due to their strong toxicity and easy volatilization in environment. The exposure of human body to mercury can be estimated with hair mercury concentration. In this study, the total hair mercury level of people in Anhui Province was investigated by determining the mercury concentration of 131 hair samples from people in 8 typical regions with hydride generation flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Data were statistically analyzed by SPSS. It was found that the average hair mercury concentration (0.480±0.896μg·g-1) of people in Anhui Province was at lower level compared to those in some other regions, which indicated low mercury exposure risk to residents in Anhui Province. Hair mercury concentration of people (0.068± 0.054 μg·g-1 ) in Luan was significantly lower than those in other 7 regions, while there was no significant difference of hair mercury content among other 7 regions. Hair mercury concentration was influenced by the age of people rather than their gender. The mercury content in hair of people with the age of 30—50 was significantly higher than those of people of other ages. In addition, mercury concentration of the dyed hair was apparently lower than that of undyed sample. The dyed hair subsequently cannot be used as an indicator of human of exposure to mercury.%汞及其化合物毒性大,挥发性强,在环境中易于迁移,危害人体健康.人发中汞的含量是反映汞的环境暴露对人体的影响的优良指标.本研究利用氢化物发生-原子吸收分光光度法对安徽省合肥、淮南、安庆等8个典型地区人群的131个头发样品中总汞含量进行测定,并用SPSS软件对数据结果进行了统计分析.结果表明,安徽省人群发汞含量为0.480±0.896μg·g-1,与国内外部分地区相比,处于较低水平,人体受汞暴露的风险较低;六安地区人群发汞含量(0.068±0.054μg·g-1)明显低于其他7个地区;男

  6. Analysis of the status of medical staff on primary rural preventive health care in Anhui province%安徽省农村卫生保健网网底医务人员的现状调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付连国; 吴学森; 程先进; 周纯先; 贾贤杰; 刘源; 江平平; 庞宏洋

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省农村卫生保健网网底医务人员现状,为进一步提高农村卫生室服务能力提供依据.方法:按分层抽样原则从皖北、皖中、皖南地区,按经济好、中、差抽取农村卫生室的医务人员,采用自编制调查表,调查其基本状况、教育培训状况、工作满意度、工作时间分布及基础知识测试.结果:村卫生室医疗人员年龄平均为41.54岁,男性占80.69%,高中及以上文化程度占68.23%,平均村卫生室工作年限13.94年;87.59%的人员接受过正规教育,对现有培训措施及成效评价较好,但在培训过程中也存在若干问题;对目前工作、收入、工作条件的满意度均评价为一般;预防免疫等公共卫生服务项目开展较少;基础知识测试及格率皖北为36.9%、皖中为40.5%、皖南为53.8%.结论:安徽省农村医务人员医疗技能不高,人员结构不合理,其职能不明确,应依靠完善的培训机制和政府有力的投入给予保障.%Objective: To understand the status of medical staff on primary rural health care in Anhui province, and provide the basic reason for improving service capability of rural clinics. Methods: Medical staff was selected according to different economical levels from rural clinics which lied in southern, middle and northern in Anhui province, and the conditions of status, education, satisfaction, working time, and basic knowledge were surveyed using self-questionnaire. Results: The average age of medical staff was 41. 54, the ratio of male was 80. 69% ,the ratio of senior high school education was 68. 23% ,the average working time in rural clinics was 13. 94 years;87. 59% medical staff were accepted medical education, and given better reputation, but there were several problems during training; the medical staff had general satisfaction on the condition of work and salary; the ratio of spending on public health services time was little, such as preventive immunity;the pass ratios of

  7. Central China Expo Records $ 6.37 Bin Overseas Investment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On April 28, the Expo Central China 2009 was successfully concluded in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui province. During the Expo, the number of for-eign capital investment projects reached 127, valued at 6.37 billion dollars. And 356 domestic investment contracts were signed, drawing an invest-ment of 144.9 billion Yuan.

  8. 安徽省装备制造业竞争力评价与对策研究%Evaluation and Improvement Strategies on Competitiveness of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弢; 陈硕

    2014-01-01

    This article establishes a relative integrated index evaluation system of competitiveness of equipment manufacturing industry. Factor analysis is used to evaluate the competitiveness index, which is sorted later, of the equipment manufacturing industry and each of its seven sub-industries in the internal thirty provinces, cities and municipalities (excluding the Tibet region). Contrastive analysis of this competitiveness index between Anhui province and the other provinces and regions is presented. From the aspects of enhancing the competitive industries, reinforcing the cooperation among the sub-industries, improving the independent innovation ability and etc., we propose effective countermeasures and suggestions for their competitiveness improvement.%院本文对装备制造业的竞争力构建了一个相对完整的评价指标体系,采用因子分析法对全国30个省市、自治区(不包括西藏)的装备制造业及其七个子行业的产业竞争力进行测度并排序。通过安徽省与其它省份和地区的该产业竞争力现状的对比分析,从强化优势产业,增强多方合作及提高自主创新能力等角度有针对性地提出能够有效提高安徽省装备制造业竞争力的对策建议。

  9. 安徽省大学生饮食习惯与营养健康调查%Eating Habits and Nutrition and Health Survey Among College Students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李源晖; 许艳; 马翠荣; 姚应水

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the eating habits of undergraduates' health and nutrition in Anhui province. [Method] Using questionnaire, combined with the interview, undergraduates' nutrition conditions were summarized and concluded in respects of the diet, dietary habits of undergraduates in Anhui province. [Results| Among 900 effective survey questionnaire, there were 485 boys and 415 girls, with an average age of 20.81 _+ 2.033. College students' bad eating habits were serious problems, and people who often eat instant noodles and fried food accounted for 43.1% of the total number. Men and women had similar nutrient arrangement (P 〉 0.05). The attention of collocation and breakfast food were the risk factors refers to the irregular diet (OR 〉 1), and city types, monthly food consumption level were protection factors (OR 〈 1). [Conclusion] For research of the eating habits, college students should strengthen concern and consciousness for nutrition health.%目的:了解安徽省大学生的饮食习惯与营养健康状况。方法:采用问卷调查法结合访谈,分别从营养饮食、饮食习惯等方面对安徽省大学生营养情况进行概述和总结,并进行统计学处理。结果:有效的900份调查问卷中,男生485人、女生415人,平均年龄为20.81±2.0;55。大学生的不良饮食习惯问题较严重,常吃方便面、油炸食物的人数占总人数的45.1%;男女生对于营养搭配的重视程度类似(P〉O.05);饮食搭配的关注度、早餐的认知度是发生饮食不规律的危险因素(0R〉1),而城市类型、每月饮食消费水平是发生饮食不规律的保护因素(OR〈1)。结论:对此次饮食习惯的研究后,大学生应加强对营养、健康的关注和意识。

  10. Allergen detection result analysis of 1062 patients with chronic urticaria in Anhui province%安徽省1062例慢性荨麻疹过敏原检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周海林; 胡白; 蒋法兴; 廖理超; 姚秀华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省慢性荨麻疹患者的食入性与吸入性过敏原情况,为该病的预防和治疗提供依据.方法 采用酶联免疫分析法,对1062例慢性荨麻疹患者进行吸入性过敏原和食入性过敏原特异性lgE抗体检测.结果 1062例慢性荨麻疹患者过敏原阳性检出率为48.78%(518例),吸入组过敏原的阳性率明显高于食入组,其中粉螨、尘螨 (34.56%)、屋尘(10.73%)为主要过敏原.结论 安徽省慢性荨麻疹患者吸入性过敏原的检出率明显高于食入性,过敏原以尘螨、粉螨和屋尘多见,找出致病因素对临床治疗慢性荨麻疹有较好的指导意义.%Objective To investigate Anhui province patients with chronic urticaria in ingestion and inhalation allergen conditions respectively, in order to provide evidence for prevention and treatment. Methods Enzyme immunoassay method was used to test 1 062 patients with chronic urticaria in allergen-specific lgE antibodies. Results The testing results of 1 062 cases showed that the total of the positive reaction rates reached 48. 78% (518 positive cases). Inhalation allergen positive rate was significantly higher than that of ingestion allergen group. The positive reaction rates of the mites and the house dust reached 34. 56% and 10. 37% respectively, which were the first and the second in the allergens tested. Conclusion Both ingestion allergens and inhalation allergens are contributing causes to chronic urticaria. The mites and the house dust were perhaps the ordinary pathogenic allergens for the patients with chronic urticaria in Anhui province. Identifying the causative factors is of instructive significance for the clinical treatment of chronic urticaria.

  11. A Study on Tourist Loyalty Mechanism of Leisure Resort in Anhui Province%安徽省休闲度假旅游地游客忠诚机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐先文

    2014-01-01

    忠诚游客的重游与口碑宣传是旅游地重要的价值资源和竞争优势,游客忠诚机制的研究有助于认识游客忠诚形成的路径,为构筑游客忠诚战略提供帮助。文章采用现场问卷调查获取游客忠诚影响因子数据,运用结构方程模型,对安徽省休闲度假旅游地作了实证研究,发现地方依恋在模型中拥有显著的核心影响力,游客的感知价值和满意体验通过地方依恋对游客忠诚产生影响,满意体验对游客忠诚具有直接正面影响。在此基础上,结合案例地实际,提出了构筑安徽省休闲度假旅游地游客忠诚的具体策略。%Loyal tourists’ revisit and word-of-mouth propaganda are the important valuable resource and competitive advan-tage for tourism destination market. The study on tourist loyalty mechanism can help to find out the path of visitor loyalty forma-tion in order to build tourist loyalty strategies. The paper, through the on-the-spot questionnaire survey to collect data of fac-tors affecting tourist loyalty and applying structural equation model, makes an empirical analysis on leisure resorts in Anhui Province. The results show that the place attachment has a significant core influence in the model,both tourist’s perceived val-ue and satisfaction of experience affect tourist loyalty through the place attachment. The satisfaction of tourist experience has a direct positive impact on the tourist loyalty. On this basis,the paper puts forward the concrete strategies to build tourist loyalty of leisure resort in Anhui Province.

  12. The Investigation Analysis on School Sports Goods Consumption Structure and Product Structure in Anhui Province%安徽省学校体育用品消费结构与产品结构的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席玉宝

    2001-01-01

    By using the method of questionnaire, the author makes an investigation on school sports goods consumption structure and product structure in Anhui province, put forwards that school sports goods consumption consists of school consumption, class consumption and individual consumption. The consumption of school sports equipment is larger than sports clothes, while the consumption of class and individual sports clothes is larger than sports equipment, the consumption of male student is larger than female student, the consumption of primary and middle school students is larger than college students. The product consumption of brand, standard and pattern and replacement for sports goods is less, while no-standard and pattern product is more. For sports clothes, the famous brand is less, while fake brand is more. The consumption level for school sports goods is relative low in Anhui province.%运用问卷和访问等方法,对安徽省学校体育用品的消费结构和产品结构进行调查分析。结果表明;学校体育用品的消费分为:学校(集团)消费、班级(集体)消费和学生(个人)消费;学校体育器材的消费大于运动服装,班级和学生运动服装的消费大于体育器材消费。体育用品消费男生大于女生,中小学生大于大学生。体育器材的消费品牌产品、标准产品、定型产品少,替代产品、非定型产品、非标准产品多,且以球类器材为主。运动服装的消费品牌产品、名牌产品少,仿制产品、假冒产品多,以运动服式的“班服”、“校服”为主。安徽省学校体育用品的消费水平较低,属经济实用型。

  13. 安徽省大学生病理性上网性别差异研究%A Study on Gender Differences in Pathological Internet Use of College Students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳艳; 何成森; 杨平; 李微霞

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate gender differences of PIU of college students in Anhui province, and to provide scientific basis for taking intervention measures in the future. Methods:2000 college students in Anhui province were surveyed about diagnostic criteria of PIU and college students’ network behavior. Results:The reported rate of male college students with PIU (13.7%) is higher than that of female students (9.3%), which is of statistical significance (P﹤0.05). Differences also exist in content and purposes of Internet use and in gender temperament. Conclusion:There is a certain relationship between gender and Internet use. Physiological factors, gender temperament and social culture are factors of important influences on PIU.%目前大学生因病理性上网引发的后遗症,已成为学生管理中的一个重要问题。本文以安徽省本、专科两类院校的在校大学生为研究对象,采用分层整群的抽样方法,对其就“病理性上网”诊断标准、大学生网络行为进行问卷调查,结果显示:男性大学生病理性上网发病报告率(13.7%)高于女生(9.3%),差异性具有统计学意义(P≤0.01);男、女生上网的主要内容、目的不同,性别气质方面也存在差异性并进行原因分析。研究表明:网络使用情况与性别有一定的关系,生理因素、性别气质和社会文化是病理性上网性别差异的重要影响因素。了解大学生病理性上网的程度以及性别差异表现,可为今后有针对性地采取干预措施提供科学依据。

  14. Relationship between Ecological Footprint and the Urbanization Rate in Anhui Province%安徽省生态足迹与城镇化率关系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣森; 王燕玲

    2015-01-01

    There is a contradictory unity relationship between the rate of urbanization and ecological sustainable development,it is an important point that how to improve the rate of urbanization and protect the environment. Ecological footprint has received extensive attention as a measure of environmental sustainability.Based on the data of the ecological footprint and the urbanization rate of Anhui province from 1998 to 2012,this paper focuses on discussing the relationship of the ecological footprint and the urbanization rate of Anhui province. The study reveals that ecological footprint and ecological carrying capacity are both significantly correlated with the rate of urbanization,and they also increase with the increasing rate of the urbanization.Based on the conclusion,this paper propose that we should slow down the speed of urbanization,and we also need to protect the environment as urbanization is in process so that the environment is sustainable development.%城镇化率与生态环境可持续发展之间存在着对立统一的关系,如何在提高城镇化率的同时又保护环境成为重要的课题。生态足迹作为环境可持续发展的衡量指标,受到了广泛的关注。基于安徽省1998—2012年的生态足迹和城镇化率的相关数据,探讨安徽省的生态足迹与城镇化率的关系。研究结果表明:生态足迹和生态承载力与城镇化率明显相关,且均随着城镇化率的提高而提高。基于上述研究结果,要放慢城镇化的速度,并且在城镇化的过程中注重保护环境,使环境得到可持续的发展。

  15. 1992-2013年安徽省酸雨变化特征及成因分析%The trend of precipitation acidity in Anhui province from 1992 to 2013 and its possible reasons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石春娥; 邓学良; 杨元建; 吴必文

    2015-01-01

    据安徽气象部门酸雨观测资料分析,2006年以来,安徽酸雨有以下特点:(1)空间上,安徽南北各地,不论城市还是高山均观测到强酸雨。其中,以合肥和安庆最为突出,强酸雨频率最高,多年年均 pH 值接近强酸雨等级。从多年平均降水 pH 值来看,仅阜阳站为非酸性等级,其余各站皆为酸性等级。时间上,安徽酸雨季节变化明显,冬半年较重,夏半年偏轻。(2)从全省情况看,2009年前后酸雨最为严重。最近三年,各地降水酸性程度均有所减轻。以合肥酸雨变化为例,22年的变化趋势可分为三个阶段:1992—1999年,无明显变化趋势;2000—2008年,酸雨明显增强;2009—2013年,酸雨略有改善。(3)污染程度方面,黄山光明顶降水比较洁净,铜陵和马鞍山的降水受污染程度最为严重。(4)离子组成方面,酸雨成分逐渐由“硫酸型”转变为“硫酸硝酸混合型”,与20世纪80—90年代相比,降水中硝酸根离子和氨根离子浓度显著上升。近年来,周边省份二氧化硫排放减少是导致我省酸雨污染减轻的主要原因。然而由于大气中氮氧化物增加,导致我省酸雨由“硫酸型”向“硫酸硝酸混合型”转变。%There are seven acid rain monitoring stations in Anhui province operated by Anhui meteorological bureau. According to the measurements at those seven stations and the field observations of rain chemistry at Mountain Huangshan and Hefei,together with results in previous studies,the trend of precipitation acidity and characteristics of acid precipitation in Anhui province were analyzed.The main conclusions were summarized as follow:(1)During 2006-2013,strong acid precipitation can be observed at all stations,no matter whether in southern or northern Anhui,at urban site or at alpine site.Among the seven stations,precipitations at Hefei and Anqing stations were the most prominent for the highest frequencies of strong acid precipitation

  16. Application of Telemedicine in Gansu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hui; Wang, Hongjing; Guo, Tiankang; Bao, Guoxian

    2016-01-01

    Telemedicine has become an increasingly popular option for long-distance health care and continuing education. As information and communication technology is underdeveloped in China, telemedicine develops slowly. At present, telemedicine consultation centers are situated mainly in developed cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. In many less developed regions, such as northwest China, the conditions or related facilities are not available for the application of a better medical service. Accordingly, the aim of this paper was to introduce the construction and application of a telemedicine consultation center in Gansu Province in the northwest of China. In addition, the function of Gansu Provincial Telemedicine Consultation Center on emergency public events was introduced. As a whole, there was a great demand for telemedicine service in the local medical institutions. In the telemedicine consultation center, the telemedicine equipments and regulations were needed to be improved. The function of telemedicine service was not fully used, there was a large space to be applied and the publicity of telemedicine service was important. What is important was that telemedicine played a significance role in promoting the medical policy reform, improving the medical environment and launching the remote rescue in the emergency public events. This paper emphasizes the health care challenges of poor regions, and indicates how to share the high-quality medical service of provincial hospitals effectively and how to help residents in resource-poor environments. PMID:27332894

  17. PEDIATRIC OCULAR TOXOCARIASIS IN JIANGSU PROVINCE, EASTERN CHINA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Fang; Hua, Hai-Yong; Wang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Ocular toxocariasis is caused by migration of a Toxocara larva through the posterior eye. We report the first case of pediatric ocular toxocariasis caused by T. canis in Jiangsu Province, eastern China. A 6-year-old girl presented to Suzhou Municipal Children's Hospital with a complaint of right eye redness, minimal white discharge, no photophobia, eye pain, visual impairment, fever or arthralgia. She was initially diagnosed as having conjunctivitis; however, a 2-month treatment with lomefloxacin 0.3% eye drops gave no improvements. The diagnosis was made based on medical history (contact with dogs), clinical features and detection of T. canis IgG antibodies with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Anthelmintic therapy with albendazole in combination with prednisolone resulted in improvement of the ocular symptoms. Ocular toxocariasis is rarely reported in China. However, the rapid economic development in China, could mean an increase in pet dogs with the potential increased risk of contracting toxocariasis if no control measures are taken. Disposal of pet litter, deworming of infected pets, complete cooking of meats, thorough rinsing of fruits and vegetables, and good hand-washing may help prevent human infections. Ocular toxocariasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with conjunctivitis that does not resolve with treatment. PMID:26513899

  18. 安徽典型山地茶园养分状况与土壤特性的研究%Study on Nutrient Status and Soil Properties in the Typical Hilly Tea Gardens of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏有健; 廖万有; 王烨军; 丁勇; 胡善国

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate distribution characters of soil nutrient and soil hardness in the tea gardens of Anhui Province. Understanding the linkage between soil nutrient supply and tea plant nutrient contents is helpful to improve the management of hill tea gardens. Results indicated that the soil chemical properties at upper and lower depths, the nutrient traits in various plant modules and their relationships were studied in tea gardens of different districts. Chemical properties of various pH fields had notable difference. Specially when soil pH fall in 4.0-4.5 field the rest raining capacity to process of acidification weaken in evidence and velocity of loss of electro positive particle will increase too. When soil pH fall beyond 5.0 field the rest raining capacity to process of acidification enhance in evidence. The content of N and P were high, K was poorer in Southern Anhui, contents of NPK contents were relatively uniform in west Anhui. pH value were very low and showed the trend of acidification aggravation gradually, soil pH below 4.5 account for more than 50%of tea gardens. The soil bulk density were 1.32-1.47 g/cm3 at the layer of 0-20 cm and 1.37-1.58 g/cm3 at 20-40 cm, soil porosity was 50%approximately, air phase were not enough, the permeability of soil was bad. There was great difference in the fertilization level of Anhui districts, fertilizer application rate in southern Anhui were higher than west Anhui by 15%.%为了探明安徽山地茶园土壤养分分布特征和土壤紧实度的基本情况,分析土壤养分供应和茶树养分含量之间的关联性可为山地茶园经营管理提供参考。结果表明:茶园土壤在不同pH区段内的化学性质随pH值的变化差异明显,当土壤pH处于4.0~4.5区段时,对于酸化过程的抑制能力明显减弱,其盐基离子的脱除速度也显著增加,交换性阳离子中致酸离子比例增大,而当土壤pH>5.0时,对于酸化过程的抑

  19. Trachoma rapid assessment in Shandong province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qu Yi; Bi Hongsheng; Wen Ying; Li Chaofeng; Wu Hui

    2014-01-01

    Background This research aims at identifying relative interventions on trachoma and testing the effectiveness of control measures adopted by assessing its prevalence and related risk factors in Shandong province of China.Methods Trachoma rapid assessment (TRA) was conducted in 6 sub-districts selected from Shandong province based on primary high risk assessment.Active trachoma in children aged 1-9 years and environmental risk factors of trachoma (unclean faces,absence of running water,and absence of flush toilets) were assessed (TRA 1).Control measures were taken in endemic areas.A second TRA (TRA 2) was conducted after 12 months in the same 6 districts and findings of the two TRAs were compared.Results In TRA 1,we found trachoma in 3 sub-districts and the detection rate was 4% (95% Cl:0.39%-11.12%),6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%),and 6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%) respectively.We could not find trachoma cases in TRA 2.Research data supports that children living with environmental risk factors face an increased risk to active trachoma.However,we could not find statistical evidence for this association,which may be caused by the limited data on prevalence.Conclusions This research indicates that the TRA methodology is easy to assess trachoma and its related risk factors.Based on the results of this study,we have already achieved the goal of "elimination of trachoma" in Shandong province,as the detection rate of trachomatous inflamation follicular/trachomatous inflammation intense in 1-9-year-old children was less than 5%.

  20. Calculation and Analysis of Water Environment Capacity for the Buffer Area of Xin'an River in Anhui and Zhejiang Province%新安江皖浙缓冲区纳污能力计算与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁洪州

    2013-01-01

      新安江是千岛湖主要入湖河道,入湖水质直接影响千岛湖水生态环境状况。运用MICK21软件建立新安江皖浙缓冲区水流水质数学模型,计算了缓冲区浓度场,在此基础上采用二维河流模型计算纳污能力,并运用一维模型验证了计算成果的合理性。%Xin'an river is a major river into Qiandao Lake,the water quality of Xin'an river affects directly the ecological environment of the Qiandao Lake. The water flow mathematical model of the buffer area of Xin'an River in Anhui and Zhejiang province was established with MICK21 software, and the concentration field of buffer area were simulated. Based on the concentration of water quality, a two-dimensional model was used to calculate the water environment capacity of the buffer area. And the rationality of the calculation results was tested. It provides the basis for the management of water function area.

  1. ESTIMATION AND ANALYSIS OF EVAPOTRANSPIRATION IN ANHUI PROVINCE WITH MODIS DATA%基于MODIS数据的安徽区域日蒸散量估算与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文玉; 孔芹芹; 马晓群; 石涛; 何彬方; 刘惠敏

    2014-01-01

    蒸散的估算在区域能量平衡和水资源研究中具有重要意义,遥感技术发展促进了区域蒸散的研究.利用安徽省气象资料、MODIS数据产品及GIS背景信息,基于SEBAL模型,按1 km空间分辨率进行了面尺度的安徽省日蒸散量估算,并在GIS空间分析模块的支持下对不同土地覆盖类型的日蒸散量进行统计分析.结果表明:遥感估算的蒸散量与利用Penman-Monteith公式计算的蒸散量比较,两者之间具有较好的相关性,遥感蒸散估算值整体偏小,不同土地利用类型的日蒸散量间差异显著.遥感蒸散估算方法在安徽省具有一定的实用性,需优化模型参数,以提高其进一步技术推广的前景.%Evapotranspiration (ET) is a critical component of the land surface energy balance system and hydrologic processes.Analysis of spatiotemporal variations and influencing factors of ET is of great importance to evaluate the growing environment for crops and to effectively use water resources in Anhui Province.The traditional methods are based on point measurement,while remote sensing provides extensive surface information.The development of remote sensing has promoted the study of regional ET.SEBAL model is based on Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land and its physical meaning is clear.This model was developed to show the spatial variability of surface evapotranspiration.SEBAL model was applicable to large areas in conjunction with Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data products (i.e.,MOD11A1,MOD11A2,MOD13A2,MOD43B3,and MCD43B3).According to the shortcomings of the traditional method of calculating ET,based on SEBAL model,the daily regional evapotranspiration of Anhui Province was estimated with 1 km spatial resolution by using MODIS products and meteorological data (including temperature and wind speed) collected in meteorological stations distributed across the study area.Firstly,the estimation results of March 26th and August 5

  2. 安徽省冬小麦品种生态气候适宜性分析和精细化区划%Analyzing and Zoning of the Eco-climate Suitability on Winter Wheat Varieties in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓群; 张宏群; 吴文玉; 戚尚恩; 陈晓艺

    2012-01-01

    利用安徽省78个气象站1971 - 2000年冬小麦生长阶段气象资料和地理信息,选取影响冬小麦品种分布和生长的主要气象因子建立区划指标,采用多元回归模型和GIS空间内插技术对指标要素栅格化,并通过温度和水分两级指标,形成千米网格的安徽省冬小麦品种生态气候适宜性精细化区划图,用安徽省耕地数据掩膜(mask)得到相应耕地意义的区划分布图,并进行分区评述.结果表明,以气温和降水为指标,可将安徽省冬小麦品种的生态气候适宜性划分为5大区11个亚区,分区结果能反映气候变暖背景下安徽省冬小麦生态气候适宜性的分布特点以及各区域温度适宜性和水分适宜性的差异.因冬季气温的南北差异,安徽省适宜种植的冬小麦品种自北向南冬性程度降低.冬小麦生产中的主要问题是水分失衡,北部水分不足,南部过多,制约了稳产高产.根据区划结果,应增强北部冬小麦主产区的抗旱能力,适当扩大沿淮和江淮丘陵北部地区半冬性品种种植面积,尽量压缩南部地区冬小麦种植面积,以全面提高安徽省冬小麦生产水平.%Based on the meteorological data during the growing season of winter wheat in 78 weather stations in 1971 -2000 and geographical information of Anhui province, the different eco-climate suitable planting area of winter wheat varieties were analyzed and divided. The zoning index system was constructed by selecting main meteorological factors affecting the distribution and growth of winter wheat varieties. The digital maps of the zoning factors were formed by applying regression analysis combined with spatial grid interpolation. By two levels indices of the temperature factor and precipitation ones, the distributioti maps of the eco-climate suitable planting areas of winter wheat with the scale of kilometer per grid were formed, and then covered with farmland digital mask, the zoning map of winter wheat

  3. Research on the Optimizing Mechanism of Tourism Supply Chain in Anhui Province%安徽省旅游供应链优化机制问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章筱蕾

    2012-01-01

    The process of Tourism supply chain construction and optimization has obvious characteristics of the industry. The core issue focuses on obtaining the industry profit maximization by establishing strategic partnership between tourism enterprises. Through analyzing the behaviors of tourism agencies in Tourism supply chain (TSC), the study tries to point out the existing problems and put forward the corresponding solution and optimization mechanism of TSC in the transforming period of Anhui Province.%旅游供应链的构建及优化过程具有明显的行业特征,其核心问题在于通过建立旅游企业之间的战略伙伴关系以获得行业利润最大化。“十二五”期间安徽省旅游业正处于转型时期,对旅游产业上下游供应链进行分析,指出其存在的问题并提出相应的解决途径以及优化机制方案。

  4. GENESIS OF IRON ORE DEPOSIT IN SANGUANTANG, MA'ANSHAN CITY,,ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省马鞍山市三官塘铁矿矿床成因探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪东良; 侯丹丹; 王竞秀

    2014-01-01

    三官塘铁矿位于安徽省马鞍山市,地处宁芜火山岩盆地中段,矿床成因类型为玢岩铁矿--中高温热液充填型矿床。文章通过对其成矿地质特征的分析研究认为:岩浆沿基底断裂上侵,在结晶末期发生了钠长石化、磁铁矿化等作用形成了早期的含矿热液,沿岩石裂隙和矿物颗粒间隙向岩体顶部运移,形成以浸染状为主的现今三官塘铁矿。%The Sanguantang Iron ore deposit in Ma‘anshan City, Anhui Province, in the middle part of Ningwu volcano-sedimentary basin. The Mineral genesis is porphyrite iron ore--medium-high temperature hydrothermal deposits. this paper found that Iron mineralization is control ed by diorite-porphyrite, the Magma intrusion along the basement fault,the ore-forming hydrothermal solution of the early stage migrates mainly in the form of Albite, magnetite etc In the crystal ization stage,Going to Top of the Rock Along the rock fissure and mineral particles clearance,formation main Disseminated of present-day Sanguantang Iron.

  5. 安徽省留守青少年生活满意度自评结果分析%Self-rating results of on the mental health among left-behind adolescent in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康耀文; 姚应水; 金岳龙; 陈燕; 龚伟志; 郑丽; 安洲

    2012-01-01

    目的 描述安徽省不同类型留守青少年生活满意度的差异,为促进留守青少年身心健康发展提供参考依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,抽取皖南、皖北城乡普通中学7所,获得样本3421名,其中留守青少年682名.应用中文版多维学生生活满意度量表( MSLSS - CV)对研究对象的一般情况和生活满意度进行测评.结果 10 -17岁青少年的留守率为19.94%;留守青少年对生活的满意度低于非留守青少年,差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.01).留守女生对自己的满意度低于男生(P<0.05);留守高中生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于初中生(P值均<0.01);农村留守中学生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于城镇(P值均<0.01);非独生子女留守中学生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于独生子女(P值均<0.01);父母外出类型不同的留守青少年对生活的满意度差异无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).绪论 安徽省留守青少年对生活的满意度低于非留守青少年,留守青少年中的女生、高年级学生、非独生子女以及家庭所在地为农村的留守青少年生活满意度相对较低.%Objective By exploring the life satisfaction of the unattended adolescents in Anhui province, this study aimed at investigating the status of life satisfaction and related mental health improvement of this population. Methods By using stratified cluster sampling method, investigation wag conducted among 3 421 subjects, in which 682 were unattended adolescents, from 7 middle schools in both south and north Anhui province MSLSS - CV was used to assess the general condition and status of life satisfaction in the adolescents. Results In the population aged 10 to 18 in Anhui province, 19.94% of them were unattended adolescents and were found with low life satisfaction, which showed statistical difference(P < 0.01). As for the life

  6. 安徽大中型工业企业区域创新能力评价研究%Evaluation for Large and Medium-Sized Industrial Enterprises′Regional Innovation Capability in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭良玉

    2015-01-01

    在国家创新调查的背景下,企业作为国家和地区创新的主体,而大中型工业企业又是企业发展的主导力量。在分析安徽省大中型工业企业数据的基础上,利用因子分析法建立了安徽省大中型工业企业区域创新能力的评价模型,找出了地区之间影响企业创新能力的关键因素即:创新实力、创新绩效和创新投入强度。%In the context of the national innovation surveys,enterprise was the main innovational body of countries and regions,and the large and medium-sized industrial enterprises is the leading force in the de-velopment of enterprises.The indicators on the evaluation of large and medium-sized industrial enterpri-ses′regional innovation capabilities were advanced on the basis of the data in Anhui province,and a model based on factor analysis method was established.The key factors which were the most relative with the en-terprises innovation were found out to be innovative strength,innovative efficiency and innovative input in-tensity.

  7. 安徽不同区域林农复合经营发展现状与对策%Development Situations of Agroforestry Management and Coping Strategies in Different Regions of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文在实地调查和资料收集基础上,论述了安徽不同区域林农复合经营发展现状及有效模式,详尽分析了其发展过程中存在可行性、可持续、规模化、产业化、市场风险、技术研究、技术培训、资金来源以及基础建设等问题,有针对性地提出了科学规划、政府扶持、系统研究以及资金筹集等方面的对策,旨在为林农复合经营又好又快发展提供参考。%Based on the field investigation and data retrieval and collection,the development situations and effective patterns of agroforestry management in different regions of Anhui Province were discoursed. The issues in the development of agroforestry management including feasibility, sustainability, scale, industrialization, market risk, technical research and training, source of fund and infrastructure were analyzed in detail. Targeted coping strategies in the aspects of scientific planning,government support,systematic research and fund raising were put forward to provide reference for good and fast development of agroforestry management.

  8. Common problems analysis of the second category of medical device registration information in Anhui province%安徽省第二类医疗器械注册资料审评常见问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文华; 王丽娜; 臧恒昌

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate standardized registration information of the second category of medical de-vice production enterprise in order to improve the efficiency of registration. Methods:Sampling and statistical analysis of 435 second category of medical device registration varieties in Anhui province. Results: To find out problems most prone to high frequency. Conclusion: Efficiency of registration can be improved if medical device manufacturing en-terprises can strictly regulate the declaration materials.%目的:探讨第二类医疗器械生产企业规范注册资料、提高注册效率问题。方法:对安徽省435个第二类医疗器械注册品种进行抽样统计分析。结果:找出了最容易及高频次出现的问题。结论:医疗器械生产企业严谨规范申报产品材料能提高注册效率。

  9. 安徽省高考体育加试数据的统计分析%The Statistical Analysis of College Entrance Examination for Sports Speciality of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏本好; 管正光

    2011-01-01

    The author makes the statistical analysis of the college entrance examination subject achievement of sports of 2005-2009 of Anhui Province, and finds that girls, average mark are much lower than the boy's in the examination. The paper suggests that enroll should be done according to the proportion of boy and girl's number in each batch,or girls, according to the boy's average mark in each batch adjust point scale, to make a basic balance of boy and girl' s score and enroll should be done according to total points.%笔者对安徽省2005-2009年体育高考男女生术科加试成绩进行统计分析,发现女生体育高考术科考试均分比男生低得多,故建议在各个批次录取时按男女生参加体育高考人数比例录取或女生按男生(或男生按女生)各个分数段以上人数比例计算的得分均值差异调整评分标准,以使男女生得分基本平衡后按综合分排序录取.

  10. 安徽省蚌埠市医生群体健身现状及对策研究%Research on the Doctors GroupFitness in Bengbu of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁永胜; 宋超

    2015-01-01

    本文运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法,以安徽省蚌埠市医生群体健身状况为研究对象,通过对医生群体的年龄、性别、学历、体检、认知、健身参与度等情况进行分析,全面了解蚌埠市医生群体的健身现状,并在此基础上提出一些建议。%In this paper , using the method of documentary , expert interview , questionnaire investigation , taking the doctorsgroup fitness condition in Bengbu ofAnhui province as the research object , through the analy-sis of age, gender, education, physical examination , cognitive, and fitness participation of doctors group , we can comprehensively understandthe present fitness situation of doctors group , and put forward some sugges-tions.

  11. Preliminary report on superior tree selection in Camellia oleifera in Jixi of Anhui Province%安徽省绩溪油茶选优初报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何小艳; 汪祥顺; 胡小菱; 章学农; 傅松玲

    2012-01-01

    为了更好地推进安徽木本油稳步发展进程,为皖南山区及周边类似地区油茶引种提供依据,在对绩溪县油茶种质资源广域调查的基础上,采取产区农户报优、专家评优相结合的方法,经初选、复选、决选,最终选择出5个高产、优质、稳产、适应性较强的油茶品种:绩溪1号、绩溪2号、绩溪3号、绩溪4号、绩溪5号.所选5个优株表现出抗寒性、抗病虫性强,稳产、丰产,果实大小较均匀、皮薄等优良特性.5株优树平均鲜果出籽率45.72%,平均干出籽率27.31%,平均种仁含油率47.92%,平均单位冠幅面积产果量达到2.18 kg/m2,均超过选优标准.%In order to promote steady development of Anhui woody oil, and to provide basis for Camellia oleifera introduction at the south mountains of Anhui and the surrounding areas, based on large area survey of C. oleifera germplasm resources in Jixi County, using the method of visiting farmers and expert evaluation, five plants with the characteristics of high yield, fine quality, stable yield and stronger adaptability were selected through preliminary selection, repeated selection and final selection, including Jixi No.l, Jixi No.2, Jixi No.3, Jixi No.4 and Jixi No.5. The selected five superior plants exhibit strong cold resistance, strong resistance to diseases pests, stable yield, fertility, uniform size of fruit, thin fruit skin and other fine features. Average fruit seed rate of the five trees is 45.72%, average dry seed rate is 27.31 %, average oil rate in kernel is 47.92%, average yield per unit crown area reaches 2.18 kg/m2, the values are all more than those of the selection standard.

  12. Research Status and Development Countermeasures of Anhui Province Lexicographical Society%安徽省辞书学会的现状和发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张道升

    2014-01-01

    In order to make Anhui lexicographical society better play of many disciplines , intelligence intensive , contact a wide range of advantages , further to carry out academic exchanges and seminars , to create an atmosphere of academic innovation , active ac-ademic thoughts , promote academic innovation thoughts and ideas emerge , which conducted an investigation and Study on the current situation.Anhui lexicographical society founded early and member of professional and remarkable achievements , has certain influence in the domestic .But the membership degree structure , academic structure , the level of scientific research have yet to be further im-proved.Our main development countermeasures:integration compilation team .adhere to the road, adhere to the production and ex-pand the business .the establishment of local research institutions , realize the protection of heritage in the research and the dissemina-tion of.By four, held at the folk activities and festivals , a gallery in publicity.%为了使安徽省辞书学会更好地发挥学科众多、智力密集、联系广泛的优势,深入开展学术交流与研讨,大力营造学术创新氛围,活跃学术思想,促进学术创新思想和观点的不断涌现,从而对其现状进行调查和研究。安徽省辞书学会成立早,会员专业,成果显著,在国内具有一定的影响。但会员学历结构、学缘结构、科研水平还有待进一步提高。我们的发展对策主要有:整合编纂队伍;坚持走产学研之路,坚持生产和扩大经营;建立地方研究机构,在研究和传播中实现保护传承;通过在举办民间活动和节庆活动、设馆展览进中进行宣传。

  13. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-08-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 2007, and then decreased from 2007 to 2011. There were no indigenous cases from 2012 to 2014. Of all cases, 68% of cases contracted Plasmodium vivax, 27% of cases contracted P. falciparum, and two cases contracted P. malariae. About 88% of malaria cases during 2005-2011 occurred yearly between May and October, but the number of malaria cases in different months during 2012-2014 was similar. The median age was 33 years, and 1,892 cases occurred in persons aged 20-50 years. The proportion of businessmen increased and the proportion of migrant laborers decreased in recent years. The median time from illness onset to confirmation of malaria cases was 5 days and it decreased from 2005 to 2014. Some epidemiological characteristics of malaria have changed, and businessmen are the emphases to surveillance in every month. PMID:26078321

  14. Epidemiology of gastroenterologic cancer in Henan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Bang Lu; Xi-Bin Sun; Di-Xin Dai; Shi-Kuan Zhu; Qiu-Ling Chang; Shu-Zheng Liu; Wen-Jie Duan

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To estimate the mortality rates of gastroenterologic cancers for the period between 1974 and 1999, in Henan Province, China and its epidemiologic features.METHODS: Information on death of patients with cancer was provided by the county-city registries. Population data were provided by the local police bureau. All the deaths of cancer registered were classified according to the threedigit rubric of the ICD-9. Cancer mortality rates reported herein were age-adjusted, using the world population as standard and weighted piecewise linear regression analysis.RESULTS: Total cancer age-adjusted mortality rates were 195.91 per 100 000 for males and 124.36 per 100 000 for females between 1996 and 1998. During the period of 19741999, a remarkable decrease took place in esophageal carcinoma, stomach cancer remained essentially stable and liver cancer, a moderate increase. Colorectal cancer was slightly increased over the last two decades.CONCLUSION: The population-based cancer registry can give an accurate picture of cancer in Henan Province, by providing a set of analyses of selected cancer mortality data as a source of reference for researchers in cancer, public health and health care services.

  15. A Study on Postgraduate Recreational Sports in Anhui Province%安徽省在读硕士研究生休闲体育的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁铜墙

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、问卷调查、访谈、数理统计等研究方法,对安徽省高校在读研究生休闲体育现状进行了研究,提出了初步对策.研究结果显示安徽省高校在读硕士研究生休闲体育存在以下特点:经常参加体育锻炼的项目呈现多元化且以球类居多;在球类运动中,又以网、羽、乒“三小球”为主;其休闲体育方式、项目的选择及消费水平存在非常明显的性别差异;锻炼场地以学校运动场为主,调查发现学校现有的体育场地设施不能完全满足在读研究生休闲体育的需求.%By employing previous literature, questionnaires, interviews, statistics etc, the author studies the status quo of recreational sports in the colleges and universities of Anhui Province and puts forward tentative countermeasures. It is shown by the results of the study that postgraduates' recreational sports in the province are characterized by the following. Firstly, the sports frequently played are plural and oriented towards ball games. Secondly, among ball games, stress is put on tennis, badminton and table tennis. Thirdly, there are obvious discrepancies between the two sexes in terms of what to play, how to play and how much to pay. Fourthly, the playing areas are mainly playgrounds in the college or university. Besides, it's found out that the present sports facilities are not in keeping with postgraduates' needs for recreation.

  16. Construction of public-crisis emergency logistics management system in Anhui province%安徽省公共危机事件应急物流管理体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何叶荣; 李玲

    2011-01-01

    安徽省目前的公共危机事件的应急物流管理还处于起步阶段,应急物流管理体系还不够健全。在分析我省公共危机事件应急物流管理目前现状及存在问题的基础上,以现代物流学和危机管理学为基础,从应急物流指挥机构、执行机构、物流配送网络、信息系统支撑等几个方面构建应急物流管理模式。提出法律保障机制、政府协调机制、预案机制、人才培养机制及"绿色通道"机制等保障措施,实现应急物流活动中各环节的无缝对接。%Currently,the construction of public-crisis emergency logistics management system in Anhui province is still in its initial stage;the emergency logistics management system is still imperfect.Based on the analyses of the current situation and the existing problems of such management in our province and with the theories of modern logistics and crisis management,this paper constructs emergency logistics management mode from the aspects of contingency command authority,executive body,logistics distribution network and information system support.Moreover,it proposes mechanisms of legal safeguard,government coordination,pre-arrangement,personnel training and "green channel" to realize smooth transition in emergency logistics management.

  17. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  18. Method research of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning and its application over Anhui province%雷电灾害风险区划方法研究及其在安徽省的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程向阳; 谢五三; 王凯; 田红

    2012-01-01

    Under the guideline of the natural disaster system theory and assessment of natural disaster risk theory, using meteorological, geo-information, social and economic, thunder and lightning disaster data, combined with statistical method, disaster analysis and expert evaluation method, this paper aims at the method of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning, and establishes the quantitative relation between the assessment indexes and the risk zoning of thunder and lightning, based on the GIS platform, considering the disaster-inducing factors, environment of breeding disasters and hazard-bearing bodies. In this way, the paper formulates a relatively complete technology system of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning which deserves being popularized. The results of risk zoning in Anhui province show that the high risk of thunder and lighting is mainly located in cities with relatively higher economic level as well as the mountainous regions with higher altitude above the sea in the south of Anhui, while the low risk is mainly located in Huaibei area.%本文根据自然灾害系统理论和自然灾害风险评估理论,利用气象资料、地理信息数据、社会经济数据以及雷电灾情等数据,采用统计方法、灾情解析、专家打分等方法,从致灾因子、孕灾环境、承灾体方面,研究雷电灾害风险评估及区划方法,建立起评价指标与风险评估的定量关系,形成了较完整的雷电灾害风险评估及区划技术方法体系,具有很好的应用推广价值.对安徽省雷电灾害风险区划表明:高风险区主要位于经济水平较高的城市以及皖南山区高海拔地区,而低风险区主要位于淮北地区,与灾情验证情况吻合.

  19. 安徽省税种结构变动的经济增长效应%The Effect of Tax Structure Change on Economic Growth of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤高婷

    2014-01-01

    根据安徽省1994年—2012年的样本数据,运用Cobb-Douglas生产函数理论模型,对税种结构变动与经济增长关系进行实证分析。结果表明:增值税占总税收比重的增加会降低人均生产总值,营业税、企业所得税、个人所得税、农业各税占总税收比重的增加会提高人均生产总值,资源税的经济效应不显著。因此,应该进一步优化现行税制结构:有序推进“营改增”,完善中央与地方的税收分享体制;提高所得税的比重,增强其收入再分配作用;加快推进资源税改革,促进经济可持续发展;适度调节农业各税,培育农村大市场。%This paper, using Cobb-Douglas production function, makes an empirical analysis of the relationship be-tween tax structure change and economic growth based on the data of Anhui province from 1994 to 2012 . The re-sults show that the growth of the share of value-added tax will reduce output per capita;the growth of the share of business tax, corporate income tax, individual income tax and agricultural tax will raise the output per capita;the economic effects of resource tax are not significant. Therefore, Anhui needs to further improve tax system, change business tax to value-added tax orderly, improve the sharing system of tax income between central government and local government, increase the proportion of income tax and strengthen its effect of income redistribution, accelerate the reform of resource tax, and adjust agricultural tax appropriately and cultivate rural market.

  20. 安徽省农业气象灾害风险管理现状与对策%Study on the present situation of the risk management of agricultural meteorological disasters in Anhui Province and its countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田涛

    2012-01-01

    Located in the north and south transition zone, Anhui province has been experiencing disasters featuring high frequency, great harm, and alternating periods of droughts and floods predominating. The problems of the current implementation of Anhui agricultural risk management lie in the weak basis for its agricultural risk management, the government' s limited invested capital, the inadequate spending on agricultural infrastructure, and the imperfect market risk management system, so it is suggested that the ability of agricultural risk management should be enhanced in perfecting the agricultural risk management system, improving the government' s investment system in this field, developing market system, consolidating agricultural infrastructure construction, strengthening peasants' disaster risk management awareness as well as accelerating the creativity of agricultural risk management tools.%安徽省地处南北过渡带,气象灾害呈现出频度高、危害大、以旱涝灾害为主导且交替出现等特点。当前安徽省实施农业风险管理存在着农业风险管理基础薄弱、政府投入资金有限、农业基本设施投入不足、市场化的风险管理体制尚未完善等一些问题,提出应从完善和健全农业风险管理体系、进一步加强政府农业风险管理的投入机制建设,积极发展市场机制、加强农业基础设施建设、提高农民灾害风险管理的意识、加快农业风险管理工具的创新等多个方面提高农业风险的管理能力。

  1. A RESEARCH ON DYNAMIC INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE POLLUTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省经济增长与环境污染的动态作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    This paper establishes Vector Autoregression model(VAR) based on the data of economic growth during 1990-2013 in Anhui,as well as the environmental pollution indicators including industrial waste water, waste residue and waste gas. Re-searches are launched on the dynamic interactions between economic growth and environmental pollution according to the anal-ysis of impulse response and variance decomposition. The results are as follows: the economic growth of Anhui province mainly depends on the factories which produce air-borne emissions and industrial waste water; economic growth has greater influence on environmental pollution, whereas environmental pollution exerts less influence on economic growth; environmental pollution can propel economic progress only in the short term, of which development pattern is not sustainable and is prone to form a vi-cious cycle of environmental devastation; environmental protection, punishing pollution and economic growth are not non-zero-sum game, but mutually reinforcing.%文章基于安徽省1990-2013年的经济增长数据以及工业“三废”的排放量等环境污染指标,建立了向量自回归(VAR)模型。利用脉冲响应分析以及方差分解技术分析方法来研究经济增长与环境污染之间动态作用机制。结果显示:安徽省经济增长主要依赖于产生工业废气和废水的企业;经济增长对环境污染的解释力较强,而环境污染对经济增长的解释力相对较弱;环境污染对经济增长的推动只能在短期起作用,这种发展模式是不可持续的,并且会形成破坏环境的恶性循环;保护环境、惩治污染与经济增长并非是零和博弈,而是可以相互促进的。

  2. Analysis and Outlook on the Achievements of Schistosomasis-prevention Forestry and Their Causes in Anhui Province%安徽林业血防成就及成因辨析与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程鹏; 何小东; 丁常慧

    2012-01-01

    本文以林业血防工程发源地安徽为研究对象,通过大量的实地调查,总结了安徽林业血防五大斐然成效;辨析出科技支撑、协作机制、实施模式、项目管理、生态社会经济效益兼顾等五大因素为林业血防工程成功的重要因素;同时指出了存在的问题,研究出加强协作、依靠科技、项目带动、活化机制是工程建设的根本之对策;提出了林业血防工程应“六注重、六提升、一探索”的建设思路,并结合全国血防工作对林业血防工程发展提出了四条建议。%In this paper Anhui, the birthplace of schistosomasis-prevention forestry projects, was the research object. On the basis of a lot of investigation, experiments and analysis, the achievements of schistosomasis-pre'vention forestry in Anhui Province were summarized as five striking results and analysis showed that the important causes for the success were the five factors including science and technology support, collaboration mechanism, implementation modes, project management and all-round consideration of ecological, social and economic benefits,etc. The existing problems were also pointed out at the same time. The basic coping strategies for the project construction were studied and generalized as strengthening collaboration, relying on science and technology, relying on driving projects and activating mechanism. The construction idea for schistosomasis-prevention forestry was put forward. Some suggestions regarding schistosomasis-prevention forestry were made on the basis of the nationwide schistosomasis-prevention work.

  3. Continental tectonics and uranium province of South China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pre-Sinian metamorphic basement of South China consists of 4 blocks, namely the Jiangnan, the Wuyi, the Yunkai-South Sea and the Mintai which belong to the same lithospheric plate from late Proterozoic on. The plate is enriched in U and Th revealed by Pb-isotopic study, which plays an role of essential prerequisite for the formation of U province. The amalgamation of the 4 blocks and their final attachment to Yangtze craton were resulted from Proterozoic, Caledonian, Indonesia and Yangshanian orogenic events, driven by Moho-rheologic stratification so that uraniferous black rock sequences and U-hosting granites and volcanics in age from late Sinian to Jurassic were produced in the fore lands of corresponding major orogenic uplifts. The change of tectonic regime from compression-relaxed to lateral tension happened after significant crust's thickening and large-scale emplacement of granitic batholiths during late Triassic and early Jurassic though local compression occurred from middle Eocene to Oligocene. Most of U deposits were just formed in association with this para-cratonization process from late Jurassic to Eogene. South China GGT shows that there exist the thinning and the break-up of undercrustal lithosphere at the Datian and the Quanzhou and funnel-shaped seg at middle Hunan. The former two are considered to be the product of up-migration of hot mantle plume and the latter to be the place of down-migration of cold mantle plume

  4. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  5. A Cross-sectional Study Assessing Predictors of Essential Medicines Prescribing Behavior Based on Information-motivation-behavioral Skills Model among County Hospitals in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun-Wu Zhao; Jing-Ya Wu; Heng Wang; Nian-Nian Li; Cheng Bian; Shu-Man Xu; Peng Li

    2015-01-01

    Background:The self-consciousness and practicality of preferentially prescribed essential medicines (EMs) are not high enough in county hospitals.The purposes of this study were to use the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model to identify the predictors of essential medicines prescribing behavior (EMPB) among doctors and to examine the association between demographic variables,IMB,and EMPB.Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess predictive relationships among demographic variables and IMB model variables using an anonymous questionnaire administered in nine county hospitals of Anhui province.A structural equation model was constructed for the IMB model to test the instruments using analysis of moment structures 17.0.Results:A total of 732 participants completed the survey.The average age of the participants was 37.7 ± 8.9 years old (range:22-67 years old).The correct rate of information was 90.64%.The average scores of the motivation and behavioral skills were 45.46 ± 7.34 (hundred mark system:75.77) and 19.92 ± 3.44 (hundred mark system:79.68),respectively.Approximately half(50.8%) of respondents reported that the proportion of EM prescription was below 60%.The final revised model indicated a good fit to the data (x2/df=4.146,goodness of fit index =0.948,comparative fit index =0.938,root mean square error of approximation =0.066).More work experience (β =0.153,P < 0.001) and behavioral skills (β =0.449,P < 0.001) predicted more EMPB.Higher income predicted less information (β =-0.197,P < 0.001) and motivation (β =-0.204,P < 0.001).Behavioral skills were positively predicted by information (β =0.135,P < 0.001) and motivation (β =0.742,P < 0.001).Conclusion:The present study predicted some factors of EMPB,and specified the relationships among the model variables.The utilization rate of EM was not high enough.Motivation and behavior skills were crucial factors affecting EMPB.The influence of demographic

  6. 基于动态计量分析的安徽省信贷投入与经济增长研究%The Research of Credit Investment and Economic Growth in Anhui Province Based on Dynamic Econometric Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊丽

    2013-01-01

    以安徽省1992-2012年的信贷投入与经济增长数据为依据,利用动态计量经济学实证分析方法,来研究安徽省信贷投入与经济增长的关系。结果显示安徽省信贷投入与经济增长长期均衡,信贷投入存量对经济增长具有持久的促进作用。信贷扩张促进了经济的发展,但这种促进作用在增量上并不显著。而经济增长对信贷投入的促进作用则是从增量调整进行到存量调整的,在滞后前两期时,经济增长存量对信贷支出的作用并不显著,但是经济增长增量对信贷支出增长有显著的促进作用,在滞后两期之后经济增长存量对信贷支出的促进作用才体现。最后,根据检验结果提出了相应的政策建议,以使信贷政策能够更好的为经济发展服务。%As the basis of 1992-2012 years of credit investment and economic growth data in Anhui Province, this paper uses some dynamic econometric analysis measurements, such as unit root test, cointegration test, Vector error correction model,Granger (Granger) causality, VAR model, impulse response functions and variance decomposition, and so on to study the relationship between Anhui credit investment and economic growth. The results show that the credit investment and economic growth in Anhui have long-term equilibrium, the stock of credit investment promotes economic growth with long-lasting effects, the role of credit expansion in promoting the economy gradually has increased, but not significant in incremental. The effect that economic growth promotes the credit investment is from the incremental adjustments to inventory adjustments. In the lag time before the two, the effect that economic growth stock promotes the credit investment stock is not significant, but that of growth is significant. After the two lag , the role that stocks of economic growth promotes credit expenditure reflects. Finally, according to the test results, the paper puts

  7. Odonata collected in Hainan and Guangdong Provinces, China in 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Garrison, Rosser W.; Cordero-Rivera, Adolfo; Zhang, Haomiao

    2015-01-01

    A three week trip to Hainan and Guangdong provinces was conducted between 26 May and 11 June 2014, sampling odonates within the vicinity of Diaoluoshan National Nature Reserve, Shuimanxing Village (both Hainan Province) and Nankunshan Nature Reserve (Guangdong Province). Additionally, Cordero and Zhang collected at Shuimanxing Village between 13 and 23 June. A total of 103 species in 78 genera were found for Hainan Province and 51 species in 42 genera in Guangdong Province. Lists of all spec...

  8. 安徽省女子竞技体操基层训练点管理现状调查与分析%INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT SITUATIONS OF MANAGEMENT OF THE GRASS-ROOTS TRAINING SPOTS FOR WOMEN’S COMPETITIVE GYMNASTICS IN ANHUI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冠宙

    2014-01-01

    采用文献资料法,问卷调查法、走访调查法、数理统计法,对安徽省女子竞技体操基层训练点管理现状进行了调查,结果显示:安徽省女子竞技体操基层训练点采取业务与行政二条线管理方式,省体育局体操击剑中心主管业务,各市政府主管行政,二条线未建立相应的协调机制,缺乏必须的沟通,安徽省竞技体操基础训练未能受到应有的重视,缺乏中长期发展规划,资金短缺、教练员队伍人手不足等严重制约了安徽省竞技体操基础训练的质量。建议:安徽省体育局体操击剑中心与各市政府建立沟通机制,制订基层训练点中长期发展规划,加大资金投入,广开经费来源。%Using method of the documentation, the questionnaire, interviewing and mathematical statistics, an investigation has been carried out on the current situations of the management of the grass-roots training spots for women’s competitive gymnastics in Anhui Province, and the result shows that the training spots adopt management at both levels of operation and administration. The Gymnastics and Fencing Center of Anhui Provincial Sports Administration is in charge of operations. Various municipal governments are in charge of administration. The appropriate coordinating mechanism is not established and there is the lack of necessary communication. The competitive gymnastics training in Anhui Province fails to receive the due attention. It is short of medium-term and long-term developing programs, funds and the coach team. These problems restrict the quality of the competitive gymnastics training in Anhui Province. The suggestion is that the Gymnastics and Fencing Center of Anhui Provincial Sports Administration should set up mechanism of communication with each municipal government, draw up the plan for the medium-term and long-term development of the grass-roots training spots, increase the funds, and expand the funding

  9. Gammarus emeiensis, a new species of amphipod crustacean from Sichuan Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Hou, Zhong-E; Li, Shuqiang; Koenemann, Stefan

    2002-01-01

    Specimens of a new species of gammarid Amphipoda, Gammarus emeiensis n. sp., were found on Emei Mt., Sichuan Province, China. A detailed description of this freshwater amphipod is given and differences to related species are discussed.

  10. 安徽省健身娱乐业发展的SWOT分析%SWOT-based Analysis of Fitness and Entertainment Industry in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏会国; 张薇薇

    2012-01-01

    The paper draws upon SWOT method to analyze the strengths,weaknesses,opportunities,and threats of Anhui fitness and entertainment industry,aiming to offer the basis for strategy-making.Its strengths include the low manpower cost,etc.;weaknesses include the poor quality of human resources,many problems existing in facilities,backward fitness direction and operational way,low level of marketing and lack of service difference,etc.;opportunities mainly involve favorable policies,rapid growth of the economy and urban resident income and expenditure,promotion of population quality and urban level;threats mainly involve the slow growth of market,intensification of consumer capability for bargaining.%运用SWOT法,剖析安徽省健身娱乐业发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,为健身娱乐业发展战略的制定提供依据。认为:当前安徽省健身娱乐业发展的优势有劳动力成本低等;劣势有人力资源总体素质不高、场所设施问题较多、健身指导技术和经营方式滞后、营销水平和服务差异化程度低等;面临的机遇是有利的政策、经济与城镇居民可支配收入和消费性支出较快增长、人口素质与城镇化水平提升等;面临的挑战是市场增长较慢、消费者讨价还价能力增强等。

  11. Research on the Development of Regional Geological and Mineral Economy in Anhui Province%安徽省区域地矿经济发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙中义; 程建

    2013-01-01

      区域地矿经济研究能将资源经济学与区域经济学等相关理论结合起来,对利用矿产资源促进区域经济发展,提升找矿突破战略内涵具有重要意义。区域地矿经济通过拉动和推动的双重作用能直接促进和保障区域经济社会全面、协调和可持续发展。在发展安徽省区域地矿经济策略上应加大投入,夯实基础,打造地矿经济产业链,合理分配资源和进行产业布局,同时做好环境治理,走低碳发展之路。%The research on regional geological and mineral economy can integrate resource economics with regional economics and other relevant theories, which is important for utilization of mineral resources to promote the regional economic development, and improving the strategic connotation of prospecting breakthrough. This paper points out that regional geological and mineral economy can directly promote and ensure regional economic and social comprehensive coordination and sustainable development through both the tensile and impulse action. On this basis, this paper offers some methods for the development of Anhui regional geological and mineral economy: increasing input, reinforcing the foundation, making geological mining economy industrial chain, allocating appropriate resources and carrying out industrial layout, at the same time, completing the environment management and taking the road of low-carbon development.

  12. Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates the costs and benefits of technical sanitation options and programs in Yunnan Province, China, as part of the Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) conducted by the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program in East Asia. As an underdeveloped province, Yunnan has achieved huge progress in sanitation improvement since the 1990s. Sanitation options evaluated in the stu...

  13. Evalution and Influencing Factors of the Technological Innovation Efficiency of Small and Medium Enterprises in Anhui Province%安徽省中小企业技术创新效率的评价及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏峰; 江永红

    2012-01-01

    Technological innovation is the basis and prerequisite of corporates' survival and development, and the technological innovation efficiency (TIE) embodies the level of technological innovation capability. Based on the BCC model of Super-DEA method and the data from the second R&D resources research of Anhui province in 2010, this article studies the TIE of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Anhui province. The empirical results show; Both the regional and the industrial TIE means of SME are bigger than the large enterprises' in Anhui province, so it has big development potential; Hefei, Wuhu, Huaibei, and the Lu'an city's TIE of SMEs are on the production edge among 17 cities of Anhui province, and the Leather, Furs, Down and Related Products industry, the Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products industry and the Transport Equipment industry's TIE of SME are on the production edge a-mong 18 industries of Anhui province; TIE of SMEs has no obvious effect on economic bpnefjf, so the level of transferring scientific and technological achievements into productivity should be further improved; Promoting the exchange and cooperation among industries, u-niversities and research institutions, consolidating and strengthening the enterprises' technology innovation and reducing or eliminating the information asymmetry between government and SMEs are useful to improve the level of TIE of SMEs in Anhui province.%本文对安徽省中小企业的地区和行业技术创新效率进行了实证研究.结果表明:安徽省中小企业的地区和行业技术创新效率均值均超过大型企业,发展潜力巨大;中小企业在安徽省17个地市中的技术创新效率位于生产前沿面的地区是合肥市、芜湖市、淮北市和六安市,在18个行业中技术创新效率位于生产前沿面的行业是皮革毛皮羽毛制品业、化学原料及化学制品业和交通运输设备制造业;技术创新效率对经济效益的提升作用尚未凸显,

  14. 基于公路客流趋势的省域城市间关系与结构研究——以安徽省为例%Intercity Relationship and Structure of Anhui Province from the Perspective of Passenger Flow of Coach Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗震东; 何鹤鸣; 韦江绿

    2012-01-01

    The analysis on intercity relationship and regional spatial structure from the perspective of passenger flow of long-distance coach travel is an important approach to provincial spatial structure studies.Daily passenger flow of long-distance coach travel is a significant part of passenger flow among cities which can reflect functional intercity relationships and reveal the inner-provincial spatial relationship clearly.Based on the daily passenger flow of long-distance coach travel,in this article,Anhui Province is taken as an example.The characteristics of intercity relationships and spatial structure of Anhui Province is explored.To examine the characteristics of intercity relationships and spatial structure of Anhui Province,the research data are analyzed from two aspects.1) The intensify characteristics of the intercity passenger flow.Passenger flow is graded according to the numerical size,then the passenger characteristics of traffic flow in different regions are analyzed in this article,especially focusing on relationships between the provincial capital(Hefei) and other cities in this province.2) The structural characteristics of intercity passenger flow.According to directions of the largest passenger flow and the second largest passenger flow,the overall trend and spatial structure of the daily population movements among cities are analyzed,and the provincial nodes in the urban network from the perspective of topological characteristics and the flow strength on the city level are examined in this article.The conclusions are as follows: 1) On the whole,Anhui Province presents a mono-center structure,and the inter-regional links between cities are relatively weak except the center city(Hefei);Hefei affects and maintains frequent contact with Chaohu directly,Lu'an and Huainan.There seems to be a high possibility that these three cities would become a major part of the metropolitan area of Hefei,the economic center and capital of Anhui Province.2) Wuhu

  15. Analysis of the Current Situation and Predicament of Rural Old-age Support Supply in the Process of Urbanization--Evidence from Anhui Province%城镇化进程中农村养老供给现状及困境分析--以安徽为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙中锋; 吴晨

    2014-01-01

    Based on the prediction of the urbanization process of population and development trend of population aging in Anhui Province, and also the investigation of the current situation and demand of old-age care service in the 12 counties of Anhui Province, this paper analyzes the current situation and predicament of the following four endowment models in Anhui province i.e. family support, self-support, social endowment and government (community) support for the elderly. In order to solve the problems in rural old-age care service, it’s suggested in this paper that a integrative old-age service system should be constructed with the orientation of social endowment for the elderly from the aspects of supply entity, old-age care service, system guarantee and old-age support location etc.%基于对安徽省人口城镇化进程以及人口老龄化发展趋势的预测和全省12个县的养老需求和现状的调研,分析了家庭养老、自我养老、社会养老和政府(社区)养老这四种养老模式在安徽的现状及困境。提出了应对农村养老服务问题的建议,即:从养老供给主体、养老服务、制度保障和养老地点等方面着手,构建以社会养老为发展导向的复合型养老服务体系。

  16. Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Gansu province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Li-li; ZHU Bing-dong; SI Hong-yan; MU Tao-jun; FAN Wen-bing; WANG Jing; JIANG Wei-min; LI Qing; YANG Biao; ZHANG Ying

    2012-01-01

    Background Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) and Beijing family typing based on detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence are two common genotyping methods used to study the molecular epidemiologic characteristics of Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis.We collected 218 strains of M.tuberculosis between 2004 and 2006 in the Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu province in Northwest China.Methods MIRU-VNTR analysis and Beijing family typing based on detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence were used to type the 218 strains,and their typing power was evaluated to look for practical and efficient genotyping methods suitable for the region.Results The MIRU typing yielded 115 distinct genotypes,including 98 unique isolates and 17 different clusters containing 120 isolates (55.05%); the cluster rate was 47.25%.By detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence,188 of 218 (86.23%) isolates belonged to Beijing family.Combination of Beijing family typing and MIRU typing yielded 118 distinct patterns,including 101 unique isolates and 17 clusters containing 117 isolates (54.13%).The largest cluster contained 58 strains with MIRU genotype of 223325173533 which contained 50 strains belonging to Beijing family and 8 strains belonging to non-Beijing family.Conclusions The Beijing family strains occupied a large proportion and the Beijing family MIRU genotype 223325173533 is a dominant strain in Linxia of Gansu.Combining detecting the deletion of RD105 and MIRU typing together provides a simple,fast,and effective method which is low in cost and might be practical and suitable for M.tuberculosis genotyping in China.

  17. Geological and geochemical studies of the Shujiadian porphyry Cu deposit, Anhui Province, Eastern China: Implications for ore genesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shiwei; Zhou, Taofa; Yuan, Feng; Fan, Yu; White, Noel C.; Lin, Fengjie

    2015-05-01

    Most porphyry deposits in the world occur in magmatic arc settings and are related to subduction of oceanic plates. A small proportion of porphyry deposits occur in intracontinental settings, however they are still poorly understood. Shujiadian, a newly-discovered porphyry Cu deposit, is located in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Valley metallogenic belt and belongs to the intracontinental class. The deposit has classic alteration zones defined by a core of potassic alteration and local Ca-silicate alteration, which is overprinted by a feldspar-destructive alteration zone and cut by veins containing epidote and chlorite. Wallrocks of the deposit are unreactive quartz-rich sedimentary rocks. Three main paragenetic stages have been recognized based on petrographic observations; silicate stage, quartz-sulfide stage, and sulfide-carbonate stage. Quartz + pyrite + chalcopyrite ± molybdenite veins, and quartz + chalcopyrite + pyrite veins of the quartz-sulfide stage contribute most of the copper, and chalcopyrite + chlorite ± pyrite ± pyrrhotite ± quartz ± illite veins of the sulfide-carbonate stage also contribute part of the copper; all the mineralized veins are associated with feldspar-destructive alteration. Investigations on the fluid inclusions in Shujiadian indicate that the ore-forming fluids had four evolutionary episodes: immiscibility and overpressure in the silicate stage, boiling in the quartz-sulfide stage and mixing with meteoric water in the sulfide-carbonate stage. Sulfur and strontium isotope studies suggest that ore metals were mainly derived from magmatic-hydrothermal fluids, and combined with our study of fluid inclusions, we infer that decompression, changes in oxygen fugacity and sulfur content were the main factors that caused Cu precipitation. Compared with porphyry deposits in magmatic arc settings, there are some differences in the ore-bearing rock, alteration, and the composition of ore-forming fluids.

  18. Re-Os dating of Mo-bearing black shale of the Laoyaling deposit, Tongling, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Gang; CHEN Jiangfeng; DU Andao; QU Wenjun; YU Gang

    2004-01-01

    Laoyaling is a typical stratiform deposit in the Tongling district and the molybdenum orebody is hosted by black shale of the Dalong Formation of the Upper Permian system. Eight black shale samples from the Laoyaling Mo orebody were dated by Re-Os technique using ICP-MS,which give an isochron age of 234.2±7.3 Ma with an initial 187Os/188Os ratio of 1.37±0.39. The apparent Re-Os age is a few million years younger than the depositional age of the Late Permian. The young isochron age may be caused by the later hydrothermal disturbance or mass fractionation during ICP-MS measurement. However, the obtained isochron age is close to the depositional age and far earlier than those of the Late Yanshanian intrusions. It suggests that the Mo ore of the Laoyaling deposit is sedimentary in origin and not related to the Late Yanshanian magmatism. Black shales of the Upper Permian are distributed widely in the Mid-Lower Yangtze region, our result is important for understanding the ore-forming processes in the region and broadens the exploration target.

  19. 安徽省县区级妇幼保健机构发展现状及对策研究%Study on development status of maternal and child health institutions at county level in Anhui province and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙瑜; 万宇辉; 阙敏; 吴海燕; 邵子瑜

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To understand the development status of maternal and child health (MCH) institutions at county level in Anhui province, and provide references for health administration authorities to formulate construction solutions and development countermeasures for MCH institutions. Methods: Cluster sampling method was used in the study, and national " maternal and child health resources and operating situation questionnaire" and " national Maternal and child institutions management information network report system" were used to conduct complete investigation among 101 MCH institutions in Anhui province. Results: The personnel of 87. 13% of the medical workers was not up to the national standard, most health technical staffs were intermediate or junior certificate and college degree or under; apparatus equipments were relatively scarce, service projects were restricted; 73. 27% of the institutions was in long - term liabilities, the developing force was weak; scientific research and teaching level were backward, the integrated development of institution was restricted. Conclusion: The capacity building of MCH institutions at county level should be strengthened, the function should be clearly positioned, financial input and policy support should be enhanced more, population health care work should be strengthened, the talent team building should be accelerated. Then the service ability and service level will be improved.%目的:了解安徽省县区级妇幼保健机构发展现状,为卫生管理部门制定妇幼保健机构能力建设方案和发展对策提供参考依据.方法:采取整群抽样的方法,应用全国统一的“妇幼保健机构资源与运营情况调查表”和《全国妇幼卫生机构管理信息网络报告系统》对全省101所县区级妇幼保健机构进行全面调查.结果:87.13%的县区级妇幼保健机构人员编制未达国家标准,卫生技术人员中以中、初级职称和大专及以下学历为主;妇幼保

  20. 安徽淮北平原地下水动态变化研究%Study on the Groundwater Dynamic of the Huaibei Alluvial Plain in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巍巍; 王式成; 王根绪; 邓伟

    2009-01-01

    论文对安徽淮北地区69个地下水位站的1980-2006年平均地下水埋深资料进行分析,得出淮北地区多年平均地下水埋深2.33 m,1980-1990年各地下水年均埋深较浅、变幅较小,1990年以后地下水埋深变幅加大,且埋深有明显的加深趋势.研究认为淮北平原地下水动态虽然受降水量、蒸发量和人类活动等多种因素影响,但近些年来地下水的动态变化主要是人类活动影响的结果.这些人类活动包括地下水资源开发利用、土地利用、水利工程、农业节水灌溉措施等.其中过度开发利用地下水是导致安徽淮北平原地下水埋深下降、地下水资源减少的主要原因.适度开发利用地下水有利于淮北地区地下水的循环更新,但过度的开发利用,已造成平原北部开始出现严重的环境地质问题,应限制开采.%Huaibei alluvial plain lies in the middle reach of the Huaihe River basin and the main part of the plain is in Anhui Province. In this region, human activities are intense and water pollution is still serious, so people have to use much groundwater. This article analyzed the annual mean groundwater burying depth from 1980 to 2006 from 69 water table stations on Huaibei alluvial plain, Anhui Province. The authors concluded that multi-annual mean groundwater burying depth is 2.33 m in this region. The annual mean groundwater burying depth was shallow and changed little during the 1980s, but it changed greatly and was apparently deeper after 1990. Although groundwater dynamic is affected by precipitation, evaporation and human activities, the change was the result of human activities in recent years in Huaibei alluvial plain. These activities include groundwater exploitation, land use, hydraulic engineering and agriculture water-saving irrigation measure, and groundwater overexploitation was the main reason for water table decline and groundwater resource decrease. Moderate use of groundwater is

  1. Spatial Pattern and Evolution of Road Network Accessibility in Anhui Province%安徽省公路网络可达性空间格局及其演化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋晓威; 曹卫东; 罗健; 朱胜清; 唐云云

    2012-01-01

    Based on the road network maps in 1996, 2004, and 2010, choosing weighted average travel time as an indicator, the spatial pattern and evolution of major cities' road accessibility in Anhui Province are studied. Results are shown as follows: In the study period (1996-2010), the spatial structure of accessibility in Anhui Province shows little change; Hefei area is the center with the lowest accessibility level; the value increases from the center to the surrounding areas, and its distribution is alongside with the directions of traffic arteries. The improvement of road networks greatly increases the accessibility of major cities in the region, and the acces- sibility increase in the first period (1996-2004) is greater than that in the second period (2004-2010). The extent of accessibility change is related to the initial level. In the first period, the rate of the accessibility change decreases from the "T-shaped" region, covering the areas along the "Xu-He", "He-Wu-Xuan" highway and the Yangtze River, to periphery areas. However, the second period sees a multi-core spatial pattern in which the rate of accessibility change decreases from the areas with newly constructed highways to the surrounding areas. Dif- ferent areas benefit from the access to the road network differently, with Jiangnan area benefiting the most, Huaibei and Jianghuai areas the second. With the improvement of road networks, the accessibility gets optimized from a center to periphery in layered circles with the accessibility levels evenly and smoothly distributed. Among the cities, the difference of accessibility gradually narrows, and accessibility coefficient gradually reaches an equilibrium distribution.%以1996、2004、2010年为时间断面,加权平均旅行时间为指标,探讨安徽省公路网络中节点城镇可达性空间格局及其演化规律。结果表明:1996-2010年,安徽省公路网络可达性总体空间格局变动不大,其值大体以合肥地区为中心向外围

  2. 安徽省汉族女生月经初潮与肥胖度关系的研究%Study on the relationship between menarche and obesity in school girls of Han nationality in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐玲; 陶芳标; 朱鹏; 徐红; 赵玉秋; 王惠; 张悦; 周露

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省汉族女生月经初潮年龄变化情况及不同经济状况地区月经初潮年龄的差异并进一步分析月经初潮年龄与肥胖度的关系.方法:按照2010年全国中小学生体质调研的相关要求,采用分层随机抽样和随机整群抽样方法对安徽省南、北、中3个地区的城乡7~18岁中小学女生共6 840人进行调查,测量身高、体重、腰围、臀围及腹部、上臂、肩胛下皮褶厚度等指标,并对她们是否有月经初潮进行了问卷调查.结果:安徽省汉族女生半数月经初潮平均年龄为12.44岁,与往年相比呈现提前趋势.城乡女生半数月经初潮平均年龄分别为12.39及12.49岁.体质指数、腰高比及3个部位皮下脂肪厚度等指标的均值来潮组均大于未来潮组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:月经初潮年龄与体脂因素关系密切,呈现负相关;应该提前加强中小学生的性教育及让中小学生加强锻炼、控制饮食,减缓月经初潮年龄提前的长期趋势.%Objective: To understand the change of menarche age in school girls of Han nationality in Anhui province and the difference of age of menarche in them from areas with different economic conditions, and further analyze the relationship between menarche age and the degree of obesity. Methods: According to related requirements, stratified random sampling method and cluster random sampling method were used to survey 6 840 primary and middle school girls aged 7-18 years old from urban and rural areas in south, north, and central regions of Anhui province, body height, body weight, waist circumstance, hip circumstance, skin fold thicknesses of abdomen, upper arm, and subscapularis were measured, and a questionnaire was usod to survey whether they had menarche. Results: The mean menarche age of half of the school girls was 12. 44 years, showing a younger trend compared the data in the other years. The mean menarche ages of urban and rural girls

  3. Decoupling Between the Cultivated Land Occupied by Construction and Economic Development in Anhui Province%安徽省建设占用耕地与经济发展的脱钩分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 汪应宏; 张乐勤; 包婷婷

    2013-01-01

      The purpose of this paper is to assess and analyze the decoupling relationship between cultivated land occupied by construction and economic development in Anhui Province recently so as to guide the cultivated land protection in Anhui Province. Based on the decoupling theory, the paper referenced the decoupling state type divided by Tapio, constructed the decoupling model, and calculated the decoupling elasticity values, which derived from environment research using the decoupling index calculation model proposed by OECD. The results indicated that elasticity values of the decoupling between cultivated land occupied by construction and economic development exhibited a“W”-shaped curve. The decoupling state experienced a fluctuation phase of adjustment, stable transition period and again a fluctuation phase of adjustment. This means cultivated land protection has already shown a marked positive effect. It is concluded that with the rapid development of economy, the pressure from cultivated land occupied by construction still remains. So the management for cultivated land occupied by construction and land saving and intensive utilization of urban-rural should be strengthened, especially the rural construction land consolidation should be implemented to replenish effective arable land area and contain the occupation of cultivated land situation effectively.%  研究目的:研究安徽省近年来建设占用耕地与经济发展的脱钩关系及其原因,以指导安徽省经济发展中的耕地保护。研究方法:基于环境领域的脱钩理论,运用OECD提出的脱钩指数计算模型,参考Tapio等划分的脱钩状态类型,构建脱钩模型,计算脱钩弹性系数。研究结果:研究期内安徽省建设占用耕地与经济发展的脱钩关系曲线呈“W”型变化;脱钩状态经历了波动调整期—过渡平稳期—波动调整期动态变化过程,耕地保护政策、措施实施效果明显。研究结

  4. Comparative Analysis of Contributions Made by Goods and Services in the International Trade to Economic Growth in Anhui Province%国际商品与服务贸易对安徽省经济增长贡献的对比分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马瑞

    2014-01-01

    安徽省作为中国一个中部发展省份,积极响应国家经济发展政策,外向型经济取得了一定的成就,对外贸易飞速发展。文章通过采用外贸依存度和经济贡献率两大指标对商品贸易与服务贸易的经济贡献度进行对比分析,并深入商品与服务贸易经济增长贡献的结构性分析。研究发现商品贸易较服务贸易而言对经济增长的贡献更大,且商品贸易中工业制成品贸易的经济增长贡献度更为明显,而服务贸易拥有较大的发展潜力,据此制定对外贸易战略提供理论依据与政策建议。%As a central province of China,and in response to the national economic development policy,Anhui province has made some achievements in the development of export-oriented economy and the rapid development of foreign trade.By the use of foreign trade dependence degree and the eco-nomic contribution rate,the article comparatively analyzes the economic contribution of commodity trade and service trade,and makes further structural analysis.The study found that commodity trade was greater than service trade in contribution to economic growth,and industrial manufactured goods trade in economic growth contribution was more obvious,but the service trade has great potential for development.And accordingly,the article set the foreign trade strategy to provide a theoretical basis and policy suggestions.

  5. Silicate Adsorption in Paddy Soils of Guangdong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Li-Yuan; LI Hua-Xing; ZHANG Xin-Ming; LU Wei-Sheng; LIU Yuan-Jin

    2006-01-01

    Silicate adsorption in eight paddy soils developed from four different parent materials in Guangdong Province, China was examined to obtain fundamental knowledge of silicate adsorption to improve the efficacy of silicate fertilizer use in these areas. A correlation analysis showed that silicate adsorption did not obey the Langmuir equation (r = -0.664-0.301) but did obey the Freundlich and Temkin equations (P ≤ 0.01, r = 0.885-0.990). When the equilibrium silicate concentration (Ci) was less than 45 mg SiO2 kg-1, the adsorption capacity was in the following decreasing order of paddy soils: basalt-derived > Pearl River Delta sediment-derived > granite-derived > sand-shale-derived. Stepwise regression and path analysis showed that for the investigated paddy soils amorphous MnO and Al2O3 were the two most important materials that affected silicate adsorption. Moreover, as Ci increased, amorphous Al2O3 tended to play a more important role in silicate adsorption, while the effects of amorphous MnO on silicate adsorption tended to decrease.

  6. Financial Support to the Economic Development of Yangtze River Area of Anhui Province%皖江区域经济发展的金融支持研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小雪; 冯庆水

    2012-01-01

    随着《皖江城市带承接产业转移示范区规划》的提出,皖江区域应借助这一契机,大力发展经济,因此,对皖江区域经济发展中金融支持的研究具有现实意义。对皖江区域的经济发展、产业结构、金融水平、开放合作、公共服务、社会环境六大类要素进行因子分析,并运用金融相关指标构建皖江区域金融发展和经济增长关系的计量模型,得出金融支持对皖江区域经济发展的重要性。建议从金融各个方面支持皖江区域经济的增长,促进皖江区域产业结构升级和优化。%The issuing of the industrial transfer demonstration area planning for cities along Yangtze river in Anhui Province has brought a golden opportunity for the area to develop its economy. Hence, researches into financial support to the economic development of this area have a practical significance. With an analysis of the economic growth, industrial structure, financial level, openness and cooperation, public services, and social environment of the area, and by building an econometric model of relationship between financial development and economic growth by financial related index, the paper discovers the importance of financial support to the economic development of the area. It is suggested that the economic growth of the area should get an all-around financial support, so as to facilitate the upgrading and optimizing of its industrial structure.

  7. Study on Strategies of Green Hotel Construction in Anhui Province in the Context of Low-carbon Economy%低碳经济背景下的安徽省绿色饭店建设策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范星宏; 周娟

    2013-01-01

    Developing low-carbon economy and constructing green hotel is not only the social responsibility that hotels should bear but also an inevitable trend for the development of the hotel industry.Taking Anhui province as an example,this paper analyzes the current situation and prospect of green hotel,explores the construction strategies of green hotel and proposes the consolidation of macro-policy-making as well as the implementation of government guidance.The paper also positively estab⁃lishes green concept,cultivates green enterprise culture,implements the training mechanism,reinforces green market foun⁃dation,and perfects technology innovation mechanism and spreads the concrete construction strategies in a micro level and finds a new way to development,so that the sustainable development of hotel industry can be realized.%  发展低碳经济,建设绿色饭店是当前饭店业必须承担的社会责任,也是饭店业发展的必然趋势。文章通过分析安徽省绿色饭店的建设现状、发展态势,探究安徽省绿色饭店的建设策略,提出加强宏观政策制定,发挥政府引导作用;积极树立绿色理念,培育绿色企业文化;落实培训机制,夯实绿色市场基础;完善科技创新机制,微观上全面推广,为实现安徽省饭店业的可持续发展寻求新的发展路径。

  8. A Study on Wild Ornamental Plant Resources in Yi-county of Anhui Province%安徽黟县野生观赏植物资源的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉勤; 王希华

    2001-01-01

    黟县位于皖南山区,是旅游景点之一,植物种类非常丰富。该文在广泛深入地调查、采集、整理、鉴定的基础上,研究了黟县野生植物资源的多样性、分布区类型和性质。本区有野生观赏植物(种子植物)117科、370属、821种(变种、变型),其中乔木178种、灌木187种、藤本111种、草本365种。根据本区野生观赏植物资源的种类、区系成分和特征、开发与保护现状,对本区野生观赏植物资源的开发利用进行了探讨。%Yi county is located in the south part of Anhui province, between, 117°38′~118°6′E and 29°47′~30°11′N, plant species are very rich. This paper presents the characteristics of species diversity, complex floristic elements' rare and endemic distribution types and the conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources in Yi county. On the basis of wide and deep investigation, collection and sifting. There are 821 species (including varieties and forms) of wild ornamental plants belonging to 370 genera and 117 families. Among them, 178 species are trees, 187 are shrubs, 111 are vines and 365 herbs. The conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources are discussed.

  9. An Empirical Analysis on the Technical Efficiency and its Influent Factors of Listed Companies of Anhui Province%安徽省上市公司技术效率及其影响因素实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆利

    2011-01-01

    By employing balanced panel data of listed companies of Anhui province during 2007 -2009, this paper measures the technical efficiency based on SFA. CEO plays an important role in decision - making, but the technical staffs play an important role in the business of technology development and innovation. Therefore, we investigate the influence of the annual pay of CEO and the number of technical staffs on technical efficiency. The empirical results show:the average firm efficiency is only 71. 5%, which means economic growth still relies on increasing inputs rather than on inner growth; the annual pay of CEO and technical efficiency are positively correlated; however, there are no significant relationship between the number of technical staffs and technical efficiency.%以2007~2009年43家安徽省上市公司为样本,运用随机前沿(SFA)方法测算各家公司的技术效率,同时考察总经理年度报酬以及技术人员数量对企业技术效率的影响.实证分析结果表明,安徽省上市公司的技术效率均值只有71.5%,说明经济增长仍然是靠增加要素投入而不是真正的内涵型增长;总经理报酬与企业技术效率呈现正相关关系;但技术人员数量与技术效率没有显著关系.

  10. Study on the Traditional Lime Mortar from the Memorial Archway in the Southern Anhui Province%皖南牌坊传统灰浆的科技研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国锋; 孙升; 王成兴; 张秉坚; 陈希敏

    2013-01-01

    采用FTIR,XRD,SEM等技术,对皖南牌坊上的传统灰浆材料配方进行了初步研究.结果表明,牌坊灰浆样品为石灰掺桐油或糯米而形成的有机-无机复合材料.桐油灰浆强度的形成主要源于灰浆中石灰的碳化反应、桐油与氧气的交联反应和Ca2+与-COO-的配位反应以及由此面形成的致密片层状有机-无机复合结构.糯米淀粉对灰浆碳化过程的调控作用而形成的细密的微观结构是糯米灰浆具有良好性能的微观解释.%The traditional lime mortar was investigated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM),X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR).The results show that the mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province was the organic-inorganic composite materials composed of lime with tung oil or sticky rice.It was found that the excellent performance of the tung oil-lime mortar can be explained by the compact lamellar organic-inorganic composite structure that was produced by carbonization reaction of lime,cross-linking reactions of tung oil and oxygen and complexing reaction of Ca2+ and-COO-.The compact micro-structure of sticky rice-lime mortar,which was produced due to carbonation process of lime controlled by amylopectin,should be the cause of the good performance of this kind of organic-inorganic mortar.

  11. 安徽省农村社会救助体系发展现状和对策%The current development situation and countermeasures on the rural social assistance system in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟年祥; 曹增皊

    2012-01-01

    The establishment and improvement of rural social assistance system is the basic project of social economic development. Based on the analysis of the present situation of the rural social assistance system of Anhui province, the paper points out to improve rural social assistance system form the aspects such as improvement of the legal system of social assistance ,establishment of comprehensive coordination mechanisms of social assistance ,expanding sources of social assistance funds ,establishment of monitoring mechanisms of social assistance and training social assistance personnel as well. At last, the paper proposes that there are kinds of transition modes for rural social assistance system such as optimization of individual system, improvement of the rural minimum living security system, integration of different types, integration of assistance means instead of overall urban and rural development mode.%分析安徽省农村社会救助体系发展现状,从完善社会救助法律体系、建立社会救助工作综合协调机制、拓展社会救助资金渠道、建立社会救助工作监督机制、建设基层社会救助工作队伍等方面出发,通过单项制度优化、以低保为入口、分类型区一体化、救助方式整合等方式建立农村社会救助体系建设的过渡模式,以此过渡到城乡统筹的目标模式。

  12. 安徽省体育舞蹈专选学生气质类型的调查研究%Investigation and Study of Anhui Province Sports Dance Elective Students Temperament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤盈

    2015-01-01

    Using literature ,questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics method ,we present the investigation and analysis on sports dance special four colleges of Anhui province elective students tempera‐ment type .Results show that the sports dance elective students special temperament types are mixed type , and the male is higher than female ;ten omnipotent dances with mixed type and sanguine temperament types ,modern and Latin are dominated by mixed temperament types ,training 5 year or more in length with mixed temperament types mainly .In order to obtain better teaching and training effect ,in the sports dance teaching and training teachers should make teaching and training methods to help students overcome the weakness of their own temperament .%采用文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,对安徽省四所高校体育舞蹈专项选修学生气质类型进行调查与分析。结果显示,体育舞蹈专项选修学生气质类型均以混合型为主,并且男性高于女性;十项全能舞种以混合型和多血质气质类型为主,摩登和拉丁舞均以混合型气质类型为主,训练年限在5年以上者以混合型气质类型为主。在体育舞蹈教学与训练中教师有针对性的制定教学与训练方法,帮助学生克服自身气质的弱点,以取得较好的教学训练效果。

  13. 安徽省中小企业人力资源悖论问题分析与对策%Human Resource Paradox Phenomena in SM Es in Anhui Province and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪良新

    2014-01-01

    Considering the large number of talented personnel in small and medium-sized enterprises (SM Es) ,the development degree and level of their human resource is important not only to the devel-opment of SM Es themselves ,but also to the improvement of labor quality and the implementation of the strategy of building up a strong country with the talents .At present ,there exist some human re-source paradox phenomena in SMEs in Anhui Province such as the paradox between “job machine”and talent shortage ,the paradox between“talent incubator”and insufficiency in talent cultivation ,the de-viation between“espoused theory”and“theory-in-use”and the coexistence between talent outflow and talent waste .In this paper ,the causes in this respect are analyzed and the countermeasures are put forward .%中小企业吸纳人才数量众多,其人才开发力度和水平不仅关乎中小企业自身发展,对于提高劳动者素质、实施人才强国战略同样具有战略价值。当前,安徽省乃至全国中小企业人力资源存在“就业机器”与人才匮乏悖论、“人才孵化器”与人才培养不足悖论、“信奉理论”与“使用理论”偏差和人才流失与人才淤积二元并存等人力资源悖论现象,需要分析其原因并寻求解决办法。

  14. 低碳经济背景下的安徽省绿色饭店建设策略研究%Study on Strategies of Green Hotel Construction in Anhui Province in the Context of Low-carbon Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范星宏; 周娟

    2013-01-01

      发展低碳经济,建设绿色饭店是当前饭店业必须承担的社会责任,也是饭店业发展的必然趋势。文章通过分析安徽省绿色饭店的建设现状、发展态势,探究安徽省绿色饭店的建设策略,提出加强宏观政策制定,发挥政府引导作用;积极树立绿色理念,培育绿色企业文化;落实培训机制,夯实绿色市场基础;完善科技创新机制,微观上全面推广,为实现安徽省饭店业的可持续发展寻求新的发展路径。%Developing low-carbon economy and constructing green hotel is not only the social responsibility that hotels should bear but also an inevitable trend for the development of the hotel industry.Taking Anhui province as an example,this paper analyzes the current situation and prospect of green hotel,explores the construction strategies of green hotel and proposes the consolidation of macro-policy-making as well as the implementation of government guidance.The paper also positively estab⁃lishes green concept,cultivates green enterprise culture,implements the training mechanism,reinforces green market foun⁃dation,and perfects technology innovation mechanism and spreads the concrete construction strategies in a micro level and finds a new way to development,so that the sustainable development of hotel industry can be realized.

  15. 安徽省中小企业人力资源悖论问题分析与对策%Human Resource Paradox Phenomena in SM Es in Anhui Province and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪良新

    2014-01-01

    中小企业吸纳人才数量众多,其人才开发力度和水平不仅关乎中小企业自身发展,对于提高劳动者素质、实施人才强国战略同样具有战略价值。当前,安徽省乃至全国中小企业人力资源存在“就业机器”与人才匮乏悖论、“人才孵化器”与人才培养不足悖论、“信奉理论”与“使用理论”偏差和人才流失与人才淤积二元并存等人力资源悖论现象,需要分析其原因并寻求解决办法。%Considering the large number of talented personnel in small and medium-sized enterprises (SM Es) ,the development degree and level of their human resource is important not only to the devel-opment of SM Es themselves ,but also to the improvement of labor quality and the implementation of the strategy of building up a strong country with the talents .At present ,there exist some human re-source paradox phenomena in SMEs in Anhui Province such as the paradox between “job machine”and talent shortage ,the paradox between“talent incubator”and insufficiency in talent cultivation ,the de-viation between“espoused theory”and“theory-in-use”and the coexistence between talent outflow and talent waste .In this paper ,the causes in this respect are analyzed and the countermeasures are put forward .

  16. Investigation on the serogroup (type) alternation of leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County, Anhui Province%安徽怀远县钩端螺旋体病流行菌群(型)更迭调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    花高荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the serogroup distribution and its changes of leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County, Anhui Province. Methods The serological, etiological and epidemiological method were used to monitor leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County from 2005 to 2010. Results Lcterohemorrhagiae group accounted for 92.75% among the normal infected population. The density and the infection rate of mice in autumn were higher than those in spring, and Apodemus agrarius accounted for 87.74%. Conclusion In Huanyuan County, the epidemic group of Lcterohemorrhagiae has changed from Promonia and Flood -type into Paddy field type, which indicates that investigation should be enforced to prevent the outbreak of leptospirosis.%目的 了解安徽怀远县钩端螺旋体病(以下简称野钩体病冶)流行的血清群分布及变化情况.方法 采用血清群、病-学、流行病学对2005 年~2010 年怀远县钩体病进行监测.结果 自然人群感染以黄疸出血群为主,占92.75%;鼠密度及带菌率秋季高于春季;黑线姬鼠占87.74%,均为黄疸出血群.结论 我县钩体病流行菌群为黄疸出血群,由洪水型、波摩那群更迭为稻田型黄疸出血群.今后应加强钩体病的调查研究,防止钩体病爆发流行.

  17. 安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量现况调查%Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 董青; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 杨林胜; 叶冬青; 黄芬

    2010-01-01

    Objective The primary purposes of this article were to examine the distributions and correlation between conditions of sleep and the quality of life,so as to explore the risk factors of abnormal sleep among elderly in the rural areas of Anhui province.Methods Elderly who aged 60 years or more (n= 1680) were randomly selected from rural areas in Anhui province.Conditions of sleep and quality of life of the subjects were assessed independently,using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQ1) scale and SF-36 scale.A generalized logistic model analysis was performed,using sleep-related factors as explanatory variables.Results The average PSQI score was 7.43 + 4.13.Persons whose sleep conditions were graded as well,common or poor were accounted for 29.4%,24.3%,46.3%,respectively.Sex and sleep quality were different in terms of quality of life among all the factors (P<0.05).Men had better quality than women,and poor sleepers had poorer quality of life as compared to the one with better conditions.Factors as being married/living alone/economically independent,having better social function,often eating meat or wheat were significant predictors for having good sleep conditions.However,factors as better education received,living alone,with poor vitality/general health,having chronic diseases (back pain,coronary heart or stomach disease),less meat intake,rice as major foods etc.were predictors for poorer sleeping condition.Conclusion Our data showed that it was unsatisfactory on the quality of sleep among the rural elderly in Anhui province.Conditions on general,health and nutrition should be improved in order to prevent the poor sleep condition.%目的 了解安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量的现状及两者的相关性,并探索睡眠异常的影响因素.方法 分别应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、SF-36量表评价安徽省农村老年人的睡眠状况和生活质量.采用广义logistic回归分析模型筛选睡眠的影响因素.结果 睡眠

  18. Distribution and assessment of Pb in the supergene environment of the Huainan Coal Mining Area, Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ting; Liu, Guijian; Zhou, Chuncai; Yuan, Zijiao; Lam, Paul Kwan Sing

    2014-08-01

    Coal mining area is highly subject to lead (Pb) pollution from coal mining activities. Several decades of coal mining and processing practices in dozens of coal mines in the Huainan Coal Mining Area (HCMA) have led to the accumulation of massive amounts of coal gangue, which piled in dumps. In order to investigate the impacts of coal gangue dumps on Pb level in the supergene media of the HCMA, a systematic sampling campaign comprising coal gangue, soil, wheat, and earthworm samples was conducted. The average Pb content in the coal mining area soil is 24 mg/kg, which is slightly higher than the associated coal gangues (23 mg/kg) and markedly higher than reference region soil (12.6 mg/kg). Soil in the HCMA present a slight to moderate Pb contamination, which might be related to the weathering and leaching of coal gangue dumps. Lateral distribution of Pb in HCMA soil differed among individual coal mines. The soil profile distribution of Pb depends on both natural and anthropogenic contributions. Average Pb content is higher in roots than in stems, leaves, and wheat husks, while the Pb level in seeds exceeded the maximum Pb allowance for foods (Maximum Levels of Contaminants in Foods of China, GB 2762-2012). Earthworms in the selected area are significantly enriched in Pb, suggesting higher bio-available Pb level in soil in the HCMA.

  19. Mercury distribution in coals influenced by magmatic intrusions, and surface waters from the Huaibei Coal Mining District, Anhui, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Hg concentrations in coal and surface water samples were determined. • Hg is enriched in the Huaibei coals. • Magmatic activities imparted influences on Hg content and distribution. • Hg contents in surface waters are relative low at the present status. - Abstract: The Hg concentrations in 108 samples, comprising 81 coal samples, 1 igneous rock, 2 parting rock samples and 24 water samples from the Huaibei Coal Mining District, China, were determined by cold-vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The abundance and distribution of Hg in different coal mines and coal seams were studied. The weighted average Hg concentration for all coal samples in the Huaibei Coalfield is 0.42 mg/kg, which is about twice that of average Chinese coals. From southwestern to northeastern coalfield, Hg concentration shows a decreasing trend, which is presumably related to magmatic activity and fault structures. The relatively high Hg levels are observed in coal seams Nos. 6, 7 and 10 in the southwestern coal mines. Correlation analysis indicates that Hg in the southwestern and southernmost coals with high Hg concentrations is associated with pyrite. The Hg concentrations in surface waters in the Huaibei Coal Mining District range from 10 to 60 ng/L, and display a decreasing trend with distance from a coal waste pile but are lower than the regulated levels for Hg in drinking water

  20. Prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, De-Ming; Lv, Cong-Cong; Tan, Lei; Zhang, Tie-Niu; Yang, Cheng-Zhi; Liu, Yi; Liu, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Balantidium coli is a cosmopolitan parasitic-opportunistic pathogen that can be found throughout the world. However, little information is available about prevalence of B. coli in pigs in China. In the present study, the prevalence of B. coli in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, subtropical China, between January 2012 and August 2014. A total of 3925 diarrheic fecal samples from nine representative administrative regions in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined for the presence of B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites using microscopy after sedimentation with water. The overall prevalence of B. coli in pigs was 36.9 % (1450/3925). The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses potential threats to human health. The results of the present investigation have important implications for the control of B. coli infections in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of B. coli prevalence in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China. PMID:26318061

  1. Prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, De-Ming; Lv, Cong-Cong; Tan, Lei; Zhang, Tie-Niu; Yang, Cheng-Zhi; Liu, Yi; Liu, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Balantidium coli is a cosmopolitan parasitic-opportunistic pathogen that can be found throughout the world. However, little information is available about prevalence of B. coli in pigs in China. In the present study, the prevalence of B. coli in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, subtropical China, between January 2012 and August 2014. A total of 3925 diarrheic fecal samples from nine representative administrative regions in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined for the presence of B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites using microscopy after sedimentation with water. The overall prevalence of B. coli in pigs was 36.9 % (1450/3925). The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses potential threats to human health. The results of the present investigation have important implications for the control of B. coli infections in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of B. coli prevalence in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  2. The Estimation and Structural Analysis on the Gross National Wealth-Evidence from Anhui Province%国民总财富的估算与结构分析--以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡本田; 徐兵华

    2014-01-01

    The gross national wealth represents the level of the sustainable development of economic entities with combining the development of economy, the progress of society and the change of resource and environment. According to the method pro-posed by the World Bank, the paper estimates all components of the gross national wealth and the per capita wealth of Anhui Province during the year of 1990 to 2011,The results show that:At present,the province still relies on a lot of natural capital to promote the growth of per capita GDP and per capita wealth. Moreover,the accumulation of wealth is mainly based on natu-ral capital,but its proportion is getting lower and lower,while the proportion of production capital to the gross national wealth is increasing slowly. The lowest proportion is human capital,it is not conducive to the sustainable economic development.%国民总财富把经济发展、社会进步和资源环境变化结合起来,更好地代表了经济主体可持续发展的程度。文章依据世界银行提出的方法估算出了1990-2011年安徽省人均财富以及总财富的各项构成部分,结果表明:现阶段安徽省仍然大量使用自然资本来推动人均GDP和人均财富的增长。且现阶段,安徽省财富的积累还是以自然资本为主,但是自然资本的比例越来越低,生产资本所占财富的比重正缓慢上升。人力资本比重最小,这不利于经济的可持续发展。

  3. Rural Birth Order and Gender Influence on Intergenerational Time Transfer Motivation in Anhui Province%农村孩次和性别对代际时间转移动机的影响——以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周律; 陈功; 徐铭蔚; 王佳

    2012-01-01

    在美国等西方国家,代际时间转移动机是公共转移项目和政策的关键决定因素。然而,在中国文化中,这一概念相对比较新颖。目前尚无子女的孩次、性别与中国农村老年人代际时间转移之间影响的研究。本文旨在从农村地区父母的角度,按子女的性别和孩次,探究时间转移的动机。本研究的数据为2009年从中国安徽省巢湖地区收集。研究结果显示从父母的视角分析,子女的孩次对代际时间转移动机有显著的影响,而子女性别的影响不显著。此外,本文讨论了对政府政策和未来研究的启示。%In the United States and other Western countries, the intergenerational transfer motivation is a key determinant of public transfer programs and policies. However, in Chinese culture, the concept is relatively new. Currently there is less research about rural birth order and gender influence on intergenerational time transfer in China. This article analyzed intergenerational time transfer motivation by the birth order and gender in perspective of rural parents. In this study, the data collected from Chaohu, Anhui Province, China in 2009. The results showed that from the perspective of parents, their children's birth order have a significant impact on intergenerational transfer motivation and children's gender had no significant effect. In addition, the article discusses the revelation of government policy and future research.

  4. Empirical Analysis on the Grain Supply Capacity of Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the investigation results of grain production and demand status of administrative units at county level in Hubei Province in the years 2004-2007,status and trend of grain production and grain demand in Hubei Province are analyzed,so as to discuss the grain supply capacity of Hubei Province.Result shows that affected by the adjustment of agricultural structure and the transfer of rural labor,Hubei Province shows a significant decrease in grain production before the year 2002,and a gradual increase in both grain production scale and grain supply capacity after the year 2004.It is forecasted that in the year 2020,Hubei Province will provide 13 100 thousand tons marketable grain to the state and will become a core province ensuring the grain security of China.

  5. Anti-Japanese War in Anhui-to commemorate the 70 th anniversary of the victory of World War II%抗战烽火燃安徽--纪念抗战暨二战胜利70周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程永生

    2015-01-01

    During the Second World War , the Chinese people and Chinese army experienced an unusually long period of war to fight against Japanese invaders and China became the main battlefield in the eastern hemisphere . After the Japanese troops began their invasion to swallow China completely , most of Anhui Province was occupied by the enemy and people of Anhui were trampled on savagely .However , either in their native province or in oth-er provinces or even in other countries , Anhui people and their troops launched anti -Japanese wars of various sizes and wiped out Japanese troops .To achieve the end of winning complete victory in the anti -Japanese war , to turn a new leaf in the modern Chinese history , to fight for a ever-lasting bright future , Anhui people suffered great losses and made their possible contributions .%中国军民经历了旷日持久的抗日战争,中国成了二战时期的东方主战场。日本发动全面侵华战争之后,安徽大部沦陷,安徽人民遭到敌军铁蹄的血腥蹂躏。安徽军民或在本省的土地上,或在他乡甚至异国奋起反抗,歼灭了敌人的有生力量,为夺取抗日战争的全面胜利,为揭开中华民族现代史上的新的一页,开创无限光明的未来,承受了巨大的牺牲,贡献了自己的力量。

  6. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sows in Hunan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in animals and humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of T. gondii has been reported in many animals in China, little is known of T. gondii infection in sows. Antibodies to T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined using indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT. Overall, 31.3% (373/1191 of the examined sows were seropositive for T. gondii. Among 11 representative regions of Hunan province, the seroprevalence ranged from 14.8% to 45.1%. In addition, the T. gondii seroprevalence was higher in summer (37.4% and autumn (34.9% than in spring (24.6% and winter (23.9%. Regarding different antibody titers, the seroprevalence ranged from 1.8% (titer ≥ 1 : 1024 to 17.4% (titer = 1 : 64. The findings of the present investigation revealed the high seroprevalence of T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, China, which poses a potential risk for T. gondii infection in humans and animals in this province. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to prevent and control toxoplasmosis of pigs in this province. This is the first report of the comprehensive survey of T. gondii seroprevalence in sows in Hunan Province, subtropical China.

  7. ALLOCATION STATUS OF MRI IN SHANXI PROVINCE,P.R.CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the current status of magnetic resonance imagers (MRI) in Shanxi province and provide evidence for decision-making on the allocation of MRI in China. Methods Data on the allocation of MRI in Shanxi province from 1998 to 2002 were obtained using standardized questionnaires. Descriptive statistic was generated. Results Six major trends can be discerned from the study. 1) MRI is diffusing slower in Shanxi province than other countries including some developing countries such as Mexico. 2) MRI was firstly installed in tertiary level hospitals and then diffusion in lower level hospitals in Shanxi province. 3) Most of MR1 with superconducting magnet system have been installed in higher level hospitals. 4) The number of MRI in Shanxi province and Taiyuan municipality (the metropolis of Shanxi province) is more than that of standard promulgated by National Committee of Plan, and Ministry of Finance and MOH. 5) Although MRI diffusion in Shanxi province is developed rapidly, the number of MRI in Shanxi province is still less than the number of CT scanners. 6) Permanent magnet and superconducting magnet has emerged as the dominant MRI technology in Shanxi province. Conclusions 1) Diffusion of permanent magnet MRI should be supported sakes for a better function/price in the area of lower economic level such as Shanxi province. 2) Diffusion of MRI should be consistent with economic level. Economic level of districts should be considered when health policy related to MRI diffusion was made.

  8. Development Strategy of Anhui Garments Import&Export Co.Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Tu, Liang

    2012-01-01

    Textiles are important export goods in China, and they played a key role in the economic development of China, but in recent years, domestic and international export environmental degradation leads textile export enterprises to face new difficulties. Anhui Garments Import & Export Co. Ltd. is a garment foreign trade export enterprise with certain strengths. The company is facing both opportunities and challenges in the current situation. The thesis was based on Anhui Garments Import & Exp...

  9. [The Analysis of Traditional Lime Mortars from Zhejiang Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-bin; Cui, Biao; Zhang, Bing-jian

    2016-01-01

    The components of ancient mortars have always been an important research field in historic building conservation. It has been well known that using traditional mortars in conservation projects have many advantages, such as compatibility and stability. So, developing new binding materials based on traditional mortar has become an international study hotspot. With China's economic development, the protection of ancient buildings also began to put on the agenda, but the understanding on Chinese traditional mortar is limited, and rare literatures are reported. In the present work, the authors investigate seven ancient city wall sites in Zhejiang Province in situ, and subsequently laboratory analysis were carried out on collected mortar samples. The characterizations of mortar samples were made by multi-density gauge, XRD, FTIR, TG-DSC and wet chemical analysis. The experimental results showed that: the main component of masonry mortars is calcium carbonate, the content between 75% - 90%, and they should be made from relatively pure lime mortar. The raw materials of mortar samples were mainly calcareous quick lime, and sample from Taizhou city also contained magnesium quick lime. There are four city walls were built by sticky-rice mortars. It suggests that the technology of adding the sticky rice soup into mortar was universal in the Ming Dynasties. These mortars have lower density between 1.2 and 1.9 g x cm(-3); this outcome should be the result of long-term natural erosion. We have also analyzed other chemical and physical characteristics of these masonry mortars. The results can afford the basic data for the future repairmen programs, development of new protective materials, and comparative study of mortars.

  10. 承接产业转移背景下安徽省农村剩余劳动力转移新特征%New features of flow of rural surplus labor in Anhui province under the background of undertaking industry transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世宏; 李亚光

    2015-01-01

    In has been five years since the construction of demonstration region for undertaking industry transfer of the city-cluster along the Yangtze River in Anhui rose to national strategy in 2010. With the steady development of undertaking industry transfer, development of economic and social of Anhui province is upgrading to a new stage. The industrial structure optimizes and upgrades continuously and the level of urbanization improves constantly. Undertaking industry transfer promotes the flow of force of rural surplus labor of Anhui province with new features. Based on this background,this paper analyzed the flow features in the new stage and proposed some suggestions.%2010年皖江承接产业转移示范区上升到国家战略,至今已5年过去了,随着皖江承接产业转移事业的稳步推进,安徽省经济社会发展升级到新阶段。产业结构不断优化升级,城市化水平不断提高。承接产业转移驱动安徽省农村剩余劳动力的转移呈现出新的特征。以此为背景,对新阶段安徽省农村剩余劳动力流动特征进行分析,针对适应新特征提出相应政策建议。

  11. New features of flow of rural surplus labor in Anhui province under the background of undertaking industry transfer%承接产业转移背景下安徽省农村剩余劳动力转移新特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世宏; 李亚光

    2015-01-01

    2010年皖江承接产业转移示范区上升到国家战略,至今已5年过去了,随着皖江承接产业转移事业的稳步推进,安徽省经济社会发展升级到新阶段。产业结构不断优化升级,城市化水平不断提高。承接产业转移驱动安徽省农村剩余劳动力的转移呈现出新的特征。以此为背景,对新阶段安徽省农村剩余劳动力流动特征进行分析,针对适应新特征提出相应政策建议。%In has been five years since the construction of demonstration region for undertaking industry transfer of the city-cluster along the Yangtze River in Anhui rose to national strategy in 2010. With the steady development of undertaking industry transfer, development of economic and social of Anhui province is upgrading to a new stage. The industrial structure optimizes and upgrades continuously and the level of urbanization improves constantly. Undertaking industry transfer promotes the flow of force of rural surplus labor of Anhui province with new features. Based on this background,this paper analyzed the flow features in the new stage and proposed some suggestions.

  12. Genetic heterogeneity of Metarhizium anisopliae populations from the soils collected from Anhui Province%分离自安徽土壤金龟子绿僵菌种群的遗传异质性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈名君; 周玉宝; 黄勃

    2013-01-01

    金龟子绿僵菌是昆虫种群自然控制和害虫生物防治中重要的虫生真菌,已被作为化学农药的替代品广泛应用于农林害虫的防治.其寄主范围和地理分布极广,因此种群结构也十分复杂.为明确安徽省土栖金龟子绿僵菌的种群遗传结构,采用ISSR分子标记技术对采集自安徽省不同地区土壤中的116株金龟子绿僵菌进行遗传异质性分析.分子数据显示,筛选出的8个引物共获得79个位点,其中多态位点比率为100%.不同地区种群的Nei's基因多样性(H)为0.2796,Shannon信息指数(I)为0.4425,种群间存在一定程度的基因流(Nm=4.4282)和遗传分化(Gst=0.1015),种群内的基因多样度占总居群的89.85%,种群间占10.15%,表明安徽土栖金龟子绿僵菌的遗传变异主要来源于种群内,且种群内表现出较大的遗传变异.并采用UPGMA对所有供试材料进行聚类分析,得到7大类种群.结果表明,安徽土栖金龟子绿僵菌之间的亲缘关系与地理来源不存在相关性.%Metarhizium anisopliae is an important entomopathogenic fungus for natural population regulation and biological pest control against different insects. The fungus has been developed into promosing alternatives to chemical insecticides in the programs of controlling agricultural and forestry insect pests. It has broad host range and wide geographic distribution, and hence complicated population genetic structures. In order to clarify the genetic differentiation of M. anisopliae population isolated from the soil samples in Anhui, the genetic heterogeneity of 116 isolates from different areas of Anhui Province was investigated using ISSR. In total, 79 fragments were amplified using eight primers screened previously, and the results showed 100% of polymorphism for the eight primers. For the populations from different areas, the indices of Nei's gene diversity (H) was estimated to be 0.2796, Shannon's diversity index (I) 0.4425, coefficient

  13. 安徽沿江棉区控失型化肥施用技术研究%Research on the Application Technology of Controlled-release Chemical Fertilizer in the Cotton Area along Yangtze River in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余立祥; 邱冠男; 吴跃进

    2009-01-01

    [目的]研究控失肥在棉区的施用技术,验证控失肥的"控失"效果及其经济效益.[方法]以当地主要推广的抗虫棉品种为供试作物,通过在安徽省沿江棉田进行施肥试验研究了控失肥不同施用方式对棉花产量和效益的影响.[结果]与一次基施全部控失肥相比,将控失肥分3次施用使棉花产量增加了240 kg/hm~2,棉农的净收入增加了156元/hm~2;将控失肥基施,后期追施速效化肥使棉花产量增加了7.04%,棉农的净收入增加了833.4元/hm~2.施用减氮20%的控失肥的棉花的现蕾期提前了6 d,开花期提前了7 d,吐絮期提前了8 d,生育期短了8 d.与施用普通氮肥的棉花相比,施用控失氮肥的棉花的秋桃增加幅度为22.29%~36.31%,皮棉产量增加了27.78%.[结论]该研究为在安徽沿江棉区推广应用控失肥提供了科学依据.%[Objective] The purpose was to research the application technology of controlled-release fertilizer in cotton area and validate its controlled-release effect and economic benefit. [Method] With the insect-resistant cotton varieties mainly popularized in the local place as tested crops, the effect of different application methods of controlled-release fertilizer on the yield and benefit of cotton was researched through carrying out fertilization experiment in the cotton fields along Yangtze River in Anhui Province. [Result] Compared with applying all the controlled-release fertilizer as base fertilizer at the first fertilization, when the controlled-release fertilizer was applied 3 times separately, the cotton yield was increased for 240 kg/hm~2 and the net income of cotton farmers was increased for 156 yuan/hm~2; when the controlled-release fertilizer was applied as base fertilizer and the fast-available chemical fertilizer was dressed in the anaphase, the cotton yield was increased by 7.04% and the net income of cotton farmers was increased for 833.4 yuan/hm~2. The squaring period of cottons applied

  14. 安徽颍上县禾谷类孢囊线虫发生与危害%Occurrence of and damages caused by the cereal cyst nematode Heterodera avenae in Yingshang County of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞翔; 吴慧平; 马骥; 王龙平

    2012-01-01

    Totally 60 soil samples were collected by 'zig-zag' method from different wheat areas in north Anhui Province to investigate wheat cereal cyst nematode (CCN) occurrence and wheat damage caused by CCN. Occurrence frequency of egg density was assessed based on egg density of cysts separated by Fenwick & Oostenbrink method. CCN occurred at Yingshang wheat area was identified according to morphological characteristics of cyst vulva cone, and i,. Field plain distribution type of CCN was determined by disperse coefficient method, and J2 population of CCN in soil depth of 0-300 mm was dynamically monitored during wheat growing season by systematic observations. Early infection was monitored by acid fuchsin staining method; differences of plant height and yield between aldicarb-control plots with soil treatment before sowing and non-control plots were compared on a selective field with medium egg density of CCN. The results showed that occurrence frequency of the egg density ranging from 1 egg/g soils to 10 egg/g soils was 62% in north Anhui wheat area. CCN occurred in Yingshang was identified as Heterodera avenae, and field distribution in Shuanglou of Huangqiao in Yinshang County belonged to cluster type. The earliest infection of J2 in wheat root system was observed on 18 March in the test year, and yield loss caused by H. avenae ranged between 9.8% -14.9% when egg density ranged from 2.5 - 20.5 egg/g soils. 'Fanmai-5' yield lost significantly by 14.9%.%为了解安徽皖北麦区及颍上县禾谷类孢囊线虫(cereal cyst nematode,CCN)发生和危害情况,用“zig-zag”法在皖北不同麦区采集小麦根际土样60份,利用Fenwick & Oostenbrink法分离CCN孢囊,统计卵密度发生频度.依据孢囊阴门锥等形态特征,鉴定颍上县CCN种类.利用扩散系数法判断CCN田间平面分布型,利用系统观察法,动态监测小麦生长季节0~300 mm土层的2龄幼虫(J2)虫口变化.通过酸性品红染色方法监测早期侵染;选择CCN

  15. Spatio-temporal Evolution on Geographic Boundaries of HFRS Endemic Areas in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yan Xun; WANG Zhi Qiang; GUO Jing; TANG Fang; SUN Xiu Bin; XUE Fu Zhong; KANG Dian Min

    2013-01-01

    Objective To take effective strategies and measures for the prevention and control of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) endemic areas by investigating its dynamic geographical boundaries in Shandong Province, China. Methods The incidence of HFRS from 1982 to 2008 in Shandong Prvince, China, was detected with inverse distance weighting (IDW) interpolation based on geographical information system (GIS). Dynamic geographical boundaries of HFRS endemic areas in Shandong Province, China, were analyzed by geographical boundary analysis. Results The HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Linyi City in phase 1 (1982-1986), the SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Jining City in phase 2 (1987-2003), and the endemic areas of HFRS in Jining City gradually disappeared and the endemic areas of HFRS with mixed-types of reservoir rodents were located in Linyi City in phase 3 (2004-2008). Meanwhile, new endemic areas emerged in the northwestern Shandong province, China. Conclusion The SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS are located in western Shandong Province, China, and the HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS are located eastern Shandong Province, Chin, indicating that the endemic areas of HFRS should be vaccinated and rodents should be controlled.

  16. ORGANIC CARBON AND NITROGEN RECORDS IN THE SINIAN -EARLY CAMBRIAN SUCCESSION OF SOUTHERN ANHUI, CHINA%皖南震旦纪-早寒武世沉积岩有机碳、氮元素记录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金权

    2003-01-01

    安徽南部晚震旦世蓝田组、皮园村组和早寒武世荷塘组主要由黑色页岩和硅质岩组成.分析结果表明,蓝田组和荷塘组的总有机碳(可达10%-18%)和总有机氮(可达2.0‰-2.6‰)的高含量,应归于富有机质埋藏所致,反映新元古代末次冰期后和早寒武世海洋浮游生物处于大发展时期.由于海洋植物的光合作用产生大量O2,并消耗大量CO2,导致大气中O2/CO2比率明显增加,为震旦纪晚期多细胞真核生物的辐射、后生动物的出现和‘寒武纪生物大爆发'提供了条件.蓝田组黑色页岩中部的有机碳与有机氮含量大体呈现正比例增加,并且分别达到17.74%和2.66‰的最高值,与该剖面发现的蓝田植物群相对应;荷塘组黑色页岩的有机碳和有机氮垂直分布曲线之间呈现相互背离,即有机氮含量与时增加,而有机碳含量与时减少,与扬子地台相应的地层层位产生的澄江动物群相对应,表明TON和TOC分布特征有可能与早期生物演化历程相关.%Organic carbon and organic nitrogen analyses in the Sinian-Early Cambrian succession of southern Anhui Province, China, show that the high contents of both total organic carbon (TOC: up to 10 %-18%) and total organic nitrogen (TON: up to 2.0‰-2.6‰) may reflect a great increase of organic matter burial and consequent rise in O2 concentration in the atmosphere and the upper ocean. It, in turn, may be attributed to a high primary productivity in the ocean, which resulted from a rise of major global temperature and enhanced tectonism after the Late Neoproterozoic glaciation. Warm climate and the rise in O2 concentration of the atmosphere may have triggered the radiation of multicellular eukaryotes in the Doushantuo time, development of the metazoan in the late Sinian and 'Cambrian Explosion'. In addition, the TON and TOC vertical distribution characteristics may be asso ciated with the early life evolution.

  17. Back to China to Seek Her Roots——An American mother and Her Adopted Chinese Daughter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    LULU went to a Chinese kindergarten in New York's China Town for the first time at the age of three, and when she returned home she had a serious question for her mother. "Mom, why don't I look like you?" The bewildered eyes of Lulu made blond Emily understand that from that day on, the girl she adopted from Anhui Province, China began to reappraise America and her American

  18. Field Survey on Wetland Waterbird in Huaihe River Basin in Anhui, China%安徽沿淮湖泊湿地水鸟资源调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍方印; 王松; 王梅; 郑文

    2011-01-01

    2008年6月至2009年5月,采用路线调查法和定点观察法对安徽沿淮的东西湖、瓦埠湖、龙子湖、沱湖和女山湖5个湖泊湿地的水鸟资源进行了调查,共记录湿地水鸟61种,隶属于7目13科.按居留型可分为冬候鸟32种(占52.46%),夏候鸟14种(占22.95%),留鸟2种(占3.28%),旅鸟13种(占21.31%);按生态型可分为游禽28种(占45.90%)、涉禽33种(占54.10%).61种水鸟中属于国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物的3种,属于国家Ⅱ级重点保护动物的6种.沱湖水鸟39种,占所调查鸟类总数的63.93%,多样性分析显示,物种多样性指数(H'=3.652)、G指数(3.16)、F指数(8.59)以及G-F指数(0.63)均最高.从上游到下游,各湿地之间水鸟群落相似性系数介于0.224 5~0.595 7之间,沱湖与女山湖之间鸟类相似性系数最高.沱湖为众多水鸟的越冬地和迁移途中停歇地,在该流域湿地水鸟保护中具有重要的地位和作用.%From June 2008 to May 2009, the waterbirds were surveyed by line transects and point counts methods in Dongxi Lake, Wabu Lake, Longzi Lake, Tuo Lake and Nüshan Lake in Huaihe River basin, Anhui. A total of 61 species of waterbirds belonging to 7 orders and 13 families were recorded. Of them,32 species (52. 46% ) are winter visitors, 14 ( 22.95% ) summer visitors, 2 ( 3.28% ) residents and 13 (21.31%) migrant birds. 28 of the bird (45.90%) recorded are natatorial birds and 33 (54. 10% ) are wading birds. Among these water birds, 3 are nationally protected as first-grade species in China, and 6 are second-grade species. The species richness of Shannon-Wiener index is highest in Tuo Lake (3. 652); G index (3.16), F index (8. 59) and the G-F index are also highest compared with other 4 lakes since 39 species or 63.93% of bird recorded in the survey were found here. From the up-stream to the down-stream of Huaihe River, the similar coefficient of waterfowl community in all the wetlands is varied between value 0

  19. Maternal Mortality in Henan Province, China: Changes between 1996 and 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Fengzhi You; Kaiming Huo; Ruili Wang; Dongmei Xu; Jie Deng; Ying Wei; Fenglian Shi; Hongyang Liu; Guomei Cheng; Zhan Zhang; Ping Yang; Tao Sun; Xiaoyang Wang; Bo Jacobsson; Changlian Zhu

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Maternal deaths occur mostly in developing countries and the majority of them are preventable. This study analyzes changes in maternal mortality and related causes in Henan Province, China, between 1996 and 2009, in an attempt to provide a reliable basis for introducing effective interventions to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR), part of the fifth Millennium Development Goal. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This population-based maternal mortality survey in Henan Province was carri...

  20. Epidemiology of bronchial asthma and asthma control assessment in Henan Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Wenping; Chen, Xianliang; Ma, Lijun; Wu, Jizhen; Zhao, Limin; Kuang, Hongyan; Huang, Taibo; Cheng, Jianjian; Zhang, Luoxian; Qi, Yong; Sun, Beibei; Niu, Hongyan

    2014-01-01

    Background Prevalence of bronchial asthma, asthma treatment assessment, and estimation of the control level among asthma patients in Henan Province, China are reported in this paper. Methods We selected 10 among the 109 cities and districts in Henan province using a multistage stratified cluster random sampling method. A total of 500 households from each city and district were chosen. Approximately 20,000 residents from a total of 5,000 households were randomly selected to answer a questionna...

  1. Genetic diversity of Trichomonas vaginalis clinical isolates from Henan province in central China

    OpenAIRE

    Mao, Meng; Liu, Hui Li

    2015-01-01

    Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan parasite that infects the human urogenital tract, causing the most common non-viral, sexually transmitted disease worldwide. In this study, genetic variants of T. vaginalis were identified in Henan Province, China. Fragments of the small subunit of nuclear ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) were amplified from 32 T. vaginalis isolates obtained from seven regions of Henan Province. Overall, 18 haplotypes were determined from the 18S rRNA sequences. Each s...

  2. The Income Gap among Rural Residents in Shaanxi Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the analysis on the current status of the income gap among rural residents in Shaanxi Province,it is found out that the income of rural residents in Shaanxi Province of China is not only lower than the average income level of China,but also far lower than the income level of urban residents and the income level of rural residents in developed areas.The low income is mainly caused by the increasing income gap among income groups and the income gap among rural residents in different areas.Based on this,causations for the income gap among rural residents are analyzed from three aspects of the cultural difference,the regional economic difference,and the industrial structure difference.Countermeasures for narrowing the income gap and increasing the farmers’ income in Shaanxi Province are put forward,such as vigorously developing the rural economy and speeding up the transfer of rural surplus labor forces in China.

  3. Hepatitis C virus genotype diversity among intravenous drug users in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihui Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Recently, high proportions (15.6%-98.7% of intravenous drug users (IDUs in China were found to be positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV. Yunnan Province is located in southwestern China and borders one of the world's most important opium-producing regions, thus it is an important drug trafficking route to other regions of China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we assessed 100 HCV-positive plasma samples from IDUs who were enrolled through the Kunming Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2012. HCV C/E1 fragments were PCR-amplified and sequenced. We identified eight HCV subtypes (1a, 1b, 3a, 3b, 6a, 6n, 6u and 6v, of which genotype 6 was most predominant (frequency, 47% followed by genotypes 3 (41% and 1 (12%. HCV subtypes 6n (30% and 3b (29% were most common and were identified in 59% of the IDUs. We compared HCV genotypes among IDUs in Yunnan Province with those from other regions and found that the distribution patterns of HCV genotypes in Yunnan Province were similar to those in southern China, but different from those in eastern China. However, the distribution patterns of HCV subtypes varied among Yunnan Province and southern China, despite the shared similar genotypes. A comparison of the current data with those previously reported showed that the frequency of HCV genotype 6 increased from 25% to 47% within 5 years, especially subtypes 6a (5% to 15% and 6n (11.2% to 30%. In contrast, the frequencies of subtypes 3b and 1b decreased by almost 50% within 5 years. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results provided further information to support the assertion that drug trafficking routes influence HCV transmission patterns among IDUs in Yunnan Province. The frequency of HCV genotypes and subtypes changed rapidly among IDUs in Yunnan Province and subtypes 6a and 6n may have originated in Vietnam and Myanmar, respectively.

  4. 安徽合肥大蜀山维管植物区系地理成分研究%Geographical Composition of Vascular Plants in Dashu Mountain in Hefei, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红梅

    2011-01-01

    Based on the investigation of the vegetation and collection of samples, the flora composition of Dashu Mountain in terms of families, genera, and species were analyzed and the R/T rate were compared with floras in similar latitude sites.A total of 508 plant species, belonging to 315 genera and 120 families were recorded,among which Pteridophyte had 10 families,13 genera and 14 species;gymnosperms had 7 families,19 genera and 47 species;and angiosoerms had 103 families,283 genera and 447 species.The dominants of the forest community was mainly composed of Fagaceae, Pinaceae, Ulmaceae, Aceaceae ,Tiliaceae, and Leguminosae,etc.The analysis of floristic geographical elements indicated that the 226 genera fell into 14 types.Athough the temperate zone component held a certain proportion,tropical species were rich,with temperate affinities elements accounting for 23.81% and the tropic affinities accounting for 18.52% ,which presents an especially transitional nature.The number of species endemic to China was few.The deciduous broad-leaved forest in temperate zone component was still a relatively stable forest cover of the area.According to the comparison analysis in terms of R/T rate,the tropic characteristics of Mt.Dashu flora were higher than those of the Yaoluoping Nature Reserve,Anhui and Mt.Huangcangyu,Anhui,lower than those of Mt.Mufu, Nanjing and Mt.Langya, Chuzhou, and similar to those of Mt.Zijin, Nanjing and Mt.Niushou, Nanjing in terms of genera.%在野外调查和标本采集的基础上,对合肥大蜀山植物区系基本组成和科属地理成分进行了分析,并与邻近山地植物区系进行了R/T比值的比较.统计共有维管束植物120科、315属、508种(含种下等级),其中蕨类植物10科、13属、14种,裸子植物7科、19属、47种,被子植物103科、283属、447种.壳斗科、松科、榆科、槭树科、椴树科和豆科等是该区系的主要表征科,构成了其各森林类型的主要树种组成.种子植物区

  5. Impact of weather factors on hand, foot and mouth disease, and its role in short-term incidence trend forecast in Huainan City, Anhui Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Desheng; Wang, Lulu; Cheng, Jian; Xu, Jun; Xu, Zhiwei; Xie, Mingyu; Yang, Huihui; Li, Kesheng; Wen, Lingying; Wang, Xu; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Shusi; Su, Hong

    2016-08-01

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is one of the most common communicable diseases in China, and current climate change had been recognized as a significant contributor. Nevertheless, no reliable models have been put forward to predict the dynamics of HFMD cases based on short-term weather variations. The present study aimed to examine the association between weather factors and HFMD, and to explore the accuracy of seasonal auto-regressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model with local weather conditions in forecasting HFMD. Weather and HFMD data from 2009 to 2014 in Huainan, China, were used. Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was applied to examine the relationship between weather factors and HFMD. The forecasting model for HFMD was performed by using the SARIMA model. The results showed that temperature rise was significantly associated with an elevated risk of HFMD. Yet, no correlations between relative humidity, barometric pressure and rainfall, and HFMD were observed. SARIMA models with temperature variable fitted HFMD data better than the model without it (sR 2 increased, while the BIC decreased), and the SARIMA (0, 1, 1)(0, 1, 0)52 offered the best fit for HFMD data. In addition, compared with females and nursery children, males and scattered children may be more suitable for using SARIMA model to predict the number of HFMD cases and it has high precision. In conclusion, high temperature could increase the risk of contracting HFMD. SARIMA model with temperature variable can effectively improve its forecast accuracy, which can provide valuable information for the policy makers and public health to construct a best-fitting model and optimize HFMD prevention.

  6. An Empirical Study on Telecommunication Development in the Rural Areas of China's 12 Western Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Hong

    2005-01-01

    This paper studied rural telecom markets in China's 12 western provinces with Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) models. Using two regress analysis of telecom business income and rural telephone permeation rate in 12 western provinces, we got some new conclusions such as, the installation and usage of telephones among farmers are affected by several variables, and income is only one of them. According to our data analysis, variables influencing the installation and usage of telephones are not the same. Different variables exert different degrees of influence in the provinces.

  7. An Analysis of Current Situation of Agricultural E-Commerce in Anhui Province%安徽省农业电子商务现状分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冉; 范生万; 王丘

    2012-01-01

    The development of agricultural e-commerce is an efficient path to promote the evolution of industrialized agriculture in Anhui Province. Though current station is well in Anhui's agricultural e-commerce, there are also some problems such as weak awareness of e-commerce in farmers, shortage of professionals of e-commerce, defect in brand standardization of agricultural products, single functional of agricultural e-commerce network station, incomplete use of e-commerce in critical contradictions of agriculture and lack of institutional settings suitable for the development of agricultural e-commerce. In order to solve these problems, the paper suggests to improve the awareness of e-commerce in farmers, foster professionals for e-commerce, build standardized agricultural products, perfect the function of agricultural e-commerce network station, reinforce the construction of agricultural products logistics and distribution system, establish third-party public platform for agricultural e-commerce and create suitable institutional settings for the development of agricultural e-commerce.%发展农业电子商务,是促进安徽省农业产业化发展的有效途径。目前安徽省农业电子商务总体现状较为乐观,但仍存在农民信息化程度低、电子商务专业人才匮乏、农产品标准化品牌化障碍、农业电子商务网站功能单一、电子商务在农业的关键矛盾中未充分利用、缺乏与农业电子商务发展相适应的制度环境等诸多问题。必须加强农民信息素质,培养电子商务人才;建立农产品质量标准化体系;健全农业电子商务网站的功能;加强农产品物流配送体系建设;建立农业电子商务第三方公共平台以及建立适应农业电子商务发展的制度环境等措施。

  8. Single-oocyst Separation and Identification of Eimeria tenella in Chickens in Patrs of Anhui Province%安徽部分地区鸡柔嫩艾美耳球虫单卵囊的分离与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中宝; 欧俊秀; 曾明华; 阮祥春; 张伟玮; 杨娜; 吴丽君

    2013-01-01

    In order to obtain pure Eimeria strain, three Eimeria species were collected from the poultry farms infected with coccidia in Chaohu, Huoqiu and Dingyuan of Anhui Province, and then cultured to sporu-lated oocysts. The 1-7 days old chicks were vaccinated the single-oocyst by single-oocyst separation technology. The oocysts were collected after 7-12 days, and then the coccidia oocysts were identified with biological characteristics and PCR method. The results showed that the ratio of infection were 50%, 57% and 29%, respectively in three areas. The three Eimeria species were all identified as Eimeria tenella by biological characteristics and PCR. This indicated that the single oocyst isolation technique was simply and successful. Using specific primers of PCR to identify strains could lay foundation for the study of pure local strains.%为获得纯种柔嫩艾美耳球虫虫株,从安徽省巢湖市、霍邱县、定远县3个地区患球虫病的鸡场采集3株混合球虫,培养至孢子化,分离单卵囊接种1~7日龄的雏鸡,感染后7~12d,收集卵囊,然后通过生物学特性和PCR方法进行虫种鉴定.结果显示,3个地区的单卵囊感染成功率分别为50%、57%和29%,各虫株经生物学特性和PCR鉴定均为柔嫩艾美耳球虫.研究表明:1.0%琼脂单卵囊分离法简便且成功率较高,利用特异性引物PCR鉴定虫株,为纯种地方株的研究奠定了基础.

  9. 基于钻石模型的皖北农业集群式发展研究%Development of Agriculture Industry Cluster Based on the Diamond Model in the North of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玮

    2014-01-01

    农业是皖北地区的支柱性产业,目前仍处于农业发展的初级阶段。皖北地区农业生产和管理分散,经济效益没有达到最大化。借鉴Porter的“钻石模型”,对皖北农业集聚的生产要素条件,需求条件,相关及支持产业,企业的战略、结构及竞争对手,机会及政府行为等进行分析,皖北地区要形成具有特色的农业集聚区,应建设农业工业园区,高效利用生产要素;大力发展上下游企业,树立区域品牌;优化农业组织结构,培育龙头企业;加速城镇化发展,刺激国内外需求;完善政府支持体系,创造农业发展机遇。%Though agriculture is the pillar industry in the north of Anhui province, it is still at the primary development stage. The maxi-mum economic benefit has not been achieved as the agricultural production and management are decentralized. Porter's Diamond Model is used to analyze the factor conditions;demand conditions;related and supporting industries;firm strategy, structure and rivalry;chance;and the government in the region. In order to form a distinctive agriculture industry cluster, the government should build agro-industrial parks to use the factor conditions efficiently, develop upstream and downstream enterprises to establish the regional brand, optimize the agricul-tural structure to cultivate leading enterprises, accelerate the urbanization process to stimulate the domestic demand, and improve the gov-ernment supporting system to create development opportunities for agriculture.

  10. 安徽琅琊山青檀种群结构与空间分布格局研究%Population structure and spatial distribution pattern of Pteroceltis tatarinowii in Langyashan Mountain of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴旺; 张小平; 郝朝运; 郭传友

    2011-01-01

    Population structure and spatial distribution pattern of Pteroceltis tatarinmvii in Langyashan Mountain of Anhui Province were studied in this paper. 8 plots of 500 m2 were respectively established. Sample data obtained in contiguous grid quadrate,substituted spatial series for time series and six aggregate indexes were used in this study. The results showed:(1)Population structure of P. Tatarinmvii in 8 plots presented growing,stable or senescent type; (2)Population distributions were mostly clumped; (3) At different developmental stages,distribution pattern presented a trend from clump to random and aggregation intensity decreased somewhat; (4)Size of blocks affected the spatial distribution pattern and the pattern scales of 8 plots were about 16 m2 and 32 m2. It proved that the spatial distribution pattern of P. Tatarinmvii populations were closely related to its biological and ecological characteristics,community composition,environmental factors and human disturbance.%通过设置500m2样方8个,应用“相邻格子法”获取野外资料,采用空间序列代替时间的方法与6种聚集度指标,对安徽琅琊山青檀的种群结构与空间分布格局进行了研究.结果表明:(1)各样地的青檀种群结构大致可分为增长型、稳定型和衰退型3种类型;(2)不同样地青檀种群分布格局主要为集群分布;(3)不同发育阶段种群分布格局有所差异,总体上有集群分布向随机分布、聚集度高向聚集度低的变化趋势;(4)不同区组大小的青檀种群分布格局不同,但在不同样地之间差异不明显,种群的格局规模大体为16 m2和32 m2.青檀种群结构和格局动态与群落区域的小生境,青檀本身生物学、生态学特性以及人为干扰有密切关系.

  11. 安徽省护理管理者论文发表数量统计分析及影响因素研究%Status and influencing factors of research paper publishing in nurse managers of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董旭婷; 赵梅; 王维利; 李惠萍; 章新琼

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨安徽省内护理管理者论文发表数量及影响因素.方法:按方便抽样方法选择安徽省368名护理管理者,采用自行设计调查问卷对论文发表情况及相关因素进行调查,并对结果进行Logistic回归分析.结果:368名护理管理者中,227名发表过论文,共发表论文618篇,2007-2009年有146人发表过论文,共发表论文249篇;其中91.0%愿意参加护理科研,96.5%认为护理科研对护理专业发展重要.多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示:护龄、最高学历、职务、所在医院等级、科研写作能力等为影响论文发表的因素.结论:护龄、最高学历、职务、所在医院等级、科研写作能力对护理论文的发表具有一定的影响,应根据影响因素采取有针对性的措施,提高护理管理者科研水平.%Objective:To investigate the current situation and influencing factors of research paper publishing in nurse managers of Anhui province. Methods: We used a self-designed questionnaire to investigate the status and correlation factors of research paper publishing in 368 nurse managers by convenience sampling. Results: Among of them, 227 nurse managers had published 618 papers before.From 2007 to 2009, 146 of them published 249 papers.91.0% of them were willing to participate in nurse scientific research, and 96.5% of them thought nurse scientific research was important to the development of nursing science. Multivariate Logistic regression indicated that work duration, education level, professional position, hospital level and scientific research paper writing ability were the influencing factors of nursing research paper publishing. Conclusion: Work duration, education level, position, hospital degree, and scientific research paper writing ability may affect research paper publishing of nurse manager. Interventions according to this analysis were needed to improve their research ability.

  12. Investigation and Analysis of the Employment Intention of Returning Hometowns among Recent Graduates in Huangshan Area of Anhui Province%安徽省黄山区应届大学毕业生回乡就业意愿调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董转年; 汪欣

    2016-01-01

    Based on recent graduates as the research object in Huangshan area of Anhui province,it inves-tigated their employment back intention which showed local graduates intentions were high and family fac-tors,career opportunities,major were the three important factors.It put forward suggestions for improving the employment back,such as establishing a characteristic cluster of industry,improving the service mech-anism,supporting measures,entrepreneurship support;guiding students to seek personal development and balance between material needs,family harmony,select an appropriate employment location,and realize the value of life.With the further development of market economy in our country,the gap among regions were gradually widened,and the labor market was also changed.The talent shortage phenomenon was re-stricting the development of small and medium-sized cities in China.%以安徽省黄山区应届大学生为研究对象,调查其回乡就业意愿,结果表明:本地大学生回乡就业意愿较高;家庭因素、职业发展机遇、所学专业三个因素影响最大。提出了大学生回乡就业的建议:建立特色产业集群,完善服务机制,配套措施,创业扶持;引导大学生寻求自我发展以及物质需求与家庭和谐之间的平衡点,选择合适的就业地点,实现人生价值。随着我国市场经济的深入发展,地区之间的差距正在逐步拉大,劳动力市场也随之发生变化。人才短缺正在制约着我国中小城市的发展。

  13. Innovation efficiency and influence factors of innovative enterprises in a region:A comparison between different sizes of enterprises in Anhui Province%区域创新型企业创新效率评价及影响因素分析--基于安徽省创新型企业规模的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李醒民; 魏玖长

    2015-01-01

    为了进一步了解我国单一区域内创新型企业的创新活动,基于大型企业和中小型企业的视角,以安徽省340家省级创新型企业为例,利用随机前沿方法(stochastic frontier approach ,SFA )对这些企业的创新效率及其影响因素进行对比分析。结果表明,这些企业的创新效率处于中等水平,大型与中小型创新型企业的创新效率在同一水平上,部分中小型的企业创新能力较强。在影响因素方面,企业规模对中小型创新型企业有着正向影响,而对大型企业的创新效率的影响作用不显著。政府经费支持对创新型企业的创新效率有负向影响,而税费减免对其则有正向影响。大型企业与中小型企业的创新效率提升途径存在一定差别。%In order to further understand the innovation activities in innovative enterprises within a region in China ,from the perspective of large sized and small‐medium sized enterprises (SMEs) ,the innovation efficiency of these enterprises and its influence factors were analyzed employing the data from 340 innovative enterprises in Anhui Province as a sample and the stochastic frontier approach (SFA ) . The results show that the innovation efficiency of these enterprises is at the medium level ; the innovation efficiency of the large sized enterprises is at the same level as the SMEs and some of the SMEs have strong ability of innovation .As to the influencing factors ,it is found that firm size has a positive impact on the innovation efficiency of the SMEs ,but no influence on that of large sized enterprises .The R&D subsidies from the government have a negative impact on the innovative enterprises’ innovation efficiency ,while tax breaks have a positive impact on it .Different approaches are to be adopted for large sized enterprises to improve innovation efficiency from those for small‐medium sized enterprises .

  14. The Spatial Decision-making in Rural Migrants' Employment and the Effect of Their Individual Attribute:A Study of Four Villages in Anhui Province%农村劳动力转移就业的空间决策及其个体属性影响--以安徽省四个样本村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春雨

    2014-01-01

    the spatial decision-making in rural migrant labors' employment is the destination choosing process under the guidance of a specific employment goal with certain approaches to finding a certain job. An analysis of the cases in 4 villages in Anhui Province by frequency analysis , clustering analysis and cross-tab analysis to explore the characteristics of the rural labor's spatial migration decision-making in employment goals, approaches, modes and destinations. It finds that the individual attributes affect their spatial decision-making process significantly and the polices in removal of the barriers against equal employment such as the well known household system, social security, residents restriction is the key to improve the employment of the migrants from the rural in China.%农村劳动力转移就业空间决策是农村劳动力在特定目标指引下,通过具体就业途径和就业方式,进行就业地决策的过程。通过SPSS17.0的频率分析、聚类分析、交叉分析等方法,以安徽省四个样本村为例,探讨了农村劳动力在转移就业目标决策、就业途径决策、就业方式决策和就业地决策等方面的基本特征,分析了个体属性差异对转移就业空间决策的影响。研究结果表明,除外部环境外,个体属性因素深刻地影响农村劳动力转移就业空间决策,而提高人力资源,消除阻碍转移的户籍、社会保障、定居等障碍因素是提高劳动力就业质量的重要方面。

  15. Research of Anhui Province Earthquake IP-based Video Conferencing Systems%基于IP的安徽省地震视频会议系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁娟; 潘丹; 何琳

    2012-01-01

    on the basis of the China Seismological Bureau video conferencing connectivity with each Seismological Bureau, the Bureau constructs IP-based video conferencing systems, achieves off-site consultation and work together between internal provincial Bureau of seismic system and stations. The system changes the Bureau traditional inefficient earthquake consultation, conferences, academic exchanges and linkage means and it has a certain practical significance.%在中国地震局与各省地震局进行视频会议连通的基础上,安徽省地震局建设了基于IP的视频会议系统,实现了安徽省地震系统内部省局与地市局及台站的异地会商和协同工作,改变了安徽省地震局传统、低效的地震会商、会议、学术交流以及联动方式,具有一定的现实意义.

  16. Molecular detection and genotypic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii infection in bats in four provinces of China

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Si-Yuan; Cong, Wei; Liu, Ye; Li, Nan; Wang, Ze-Dong; Zhang, Fu-Kai; Huang, Si-Yang; Zhu, Xing-Quan; Liu, Quan

    2014-01-01

    Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects a wide variety of warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Limited information about T. gondii infection in bats is available in China. The objective of the present study was to determine prevalence and genetic characterization of T. gondii infection in bats in Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangxi and Guangdong provinces, China. Methods During May 2005 to August 2013, bats were sampled from Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangxi, and Guangdo...

  17. A Tale of Two Provinces: The Institutional Environment and Foreign Ownership in China

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Yasheng; Di, Wenhua

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we use a unique dataset covering joint ventures in two provinces of China, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, to test the effect of the institutional environment for domestic private firms on ownership structures of FDI projects. Unlike many studies on this subject, we approach the issue from the perspective of local firms seeking FDI rather than from the perspective of foreign firms seeking to invest in China. Applying the prevailing bargaining framework in studies on ownership structures ...

  18. The Association of Maternal Lifestyle with Birth Defects in Shaanxi Province, Northwest China

    OpenAIRE

    Pei, Leilei; Kang, Yijun; Cheng, Yue; Yan, Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background The main objective was to investigate the burden of birth defects among alive infants and explore the impact of maternal lifestyle during pregnancy on the burden of birth defects in Northwest China. Methods A stratified multi-stage sampling method was used to study infants born during 2010–2013 (and their mothers) in Shaanxi province of Northwest China. Socio-demographic information was collected using a structured questionnaire, and medical records from the local hospitals were us...

  19. Diagenesis of the Lower-Middle Permian Carbonate in the Wuwei-Chaohui Area, Anhui Province%安徽无为-巢湖地区中下二叠统碳酸盐岩成岩作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜叶龙; 李双应; 王冰; 赵大千; 杨栋栋

    2011-01-01

    成岩作用控制孔隙演化,对油气开采具有重要的指示作用.安徽无为-巢湖地区中下二叠统碳酸盐岩广泛发育,有机质丰富,多年来主要集中在地层、古生物及沉积相方面的研究,成岩作用的工作较少.镜下鉴定显示研究区发育溶解作用、去白云化作用、压溶作用、破裂作用4种主要的建设性成岩作用和泥晶化作用、压实作用、胶结作用、白云化作用、硅化作用、重结晶作用6种主要的破坏性成岩作用.结合C-O同位素分析结果,本区存在海底(浅海台地和深水斜坡)、大气淡水(渗流带和潜流带)和埋藏等3种主要的成岩环境,分别发育不同的成岩作用,海底环境:主要为泥晶化作用(浅海台地)和第一类硅化作用(深水斜坡);埋藏环境:主要为压实作用、压溶作用、白云化作用、第三类选择性硅化作用和晚期重结晶作用;大气淡水环境:胶结作用(潜流带粒状等厚环边胶结物、粒状胶结物和共轴增生胶结物,渗流带重力型胶结物和新月型胶结物)、溶解作用、早期重结晶作用、去白云化作用和第二类硅化作用.研究区除了含有较高的有机质外,还发育较高的孔隙度,最高可达2%~5%,主要集中在船山组和栖霞组的压溶线内及栖霞组硅质层和富硅质灰岩段,孔隙连通性极好,而且线内常含有大量有机质,是油气生成、储集和运移的理想场所.因此,安徽无为-巢湖地区中下二叠统碳酸盐岩成岩作用的研究对本区地质工作的深入、油气资源的预测与勘探都具有重要的理论和战略意义.%Diagenesis controls the porosity evolution, which is of great indicative importance for the exploration of the oil and gas. The Middle-Lower Permian carbonate in the Wuwei-Chaohui area, Anhui Province, is well developed and widely distributed with abundant organic materials. Years' studies have focused only on strata, paleontology and sedimentary facies

  20. Situation and related factors of bacterial vaginosis among rural married women of childbearing age in Anhui province%安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女细菌性阴道病及相关因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高国朋; 张秀军; 侯赛; 孙业桓; 陶芳标; 余国斌; 赵东; 李修德; 李享

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女细菌性阴道病(BV)的现状及相关因素.方法:在保证市级代表性的基础上,分层、整群抽取18 ~ 49岁54 540例农村已婚育龄妇女进行健康问卷调查、妇科检查和实验室检查.结果:安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女BV患病率为11.9% (6361/53286),汉族、初潮年龄相对较早、月经周期正常(25 ~ 34天)、行经期正常(3 ~8天)、无原发性痛经、洗脚盆与洗下身盆分开罹患BV的可能性相对较低为保护因素;而已婚妇女学历越低、与丈夫性生活前清洗下身的频率越高越容易罹患BV为危险因素.BV患者中宫颈炎、滴虫性阴道炎和盆腔炎的患病率明显高于无BV妇女,是无BV妇女的0.6、0.7和0.7倍,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女BV发生率较高且受多种因素影响,有关部门应开展有针对性的健康教育和妇科普查,做到早检查、早发现、早治疗.%Objective:To explore the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and related factors among married women of childbearing age in rural area of Anhui province.Methods:54 540 rural married women aged 15-49 were surveyed by a questionnaire,gynecological examination and lab examination for BV based on a stratified-cluster-random sampling design.Results:The prevelance of BV was 11.9% (6 361/53 286).Han nationality (OR =0.574,95 % CI:0.402 ~ 0.819),lower menarche age (OR =0.943,95 % CI:0.908 ~0.978),menstrual cycle in 25-34 days (OR =0.883,95% CI:0.816 ~ 0.956),menstruation in 3-8days (OR =0.803,95% CI:0.742 ~0.869),without dysmenorrheal (OR =0.870,95% CI:0.832 ~0.911) and the basin of washing genital separating from the basin of washing feet (OR =0.924,95% CI:0.869 ~ 0.982) were protective factors of BV,lower education level (OR =1.125,95% CI:1.090 ~ 1.162) and higher rate of washing genitalia before sexual intercourse (OR =1.126,95% CI:1.098 ~ 1

  1. Spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China: Use of two-dimensional graph-theoretical clustering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping Yuan; Liang Qiao; Li Dai; Yan-Ping Wang; Guang-Xuan Zhou; Ying Han; Xiao-Xia Liu; Xun Zhang; Yi Cao; Juan Liang; Jun Zhu

    2009-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China.METHODS:Data were collected from the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network (CBDMN),a hospitalbased congenital malformations registry system.All fetuses more than 28 wk of gestation and neonates up to 7 d of age in hospitals within the monitoring sites of the CBDMN were monitored from 2001 to 2005.Two-dimensional graph-theoretical clustering was used to divide monitoring sites of the CBDMN into different clusters according to the average incidences of anorectal atresia/stenosis in the different monitoring sites.RESULTS:The overall average incidence of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China was 3.17 per 10 000 from 2001 to 2005.The areas with the highest average incidences of anorectal atresia/stenosis were almost always focused in Eastern China.The monitoring sites were grouped into 6 clusters of areas.Cluster 1 comprised the monitoring sites in Heilongjiang Province,Jilin Province,and Liaoning Province;Cluster 2 was composed of those in Fujian Province,Guangdong Province,Hainan Province,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,south Hunan Province,and south Jiangxi Province;Cluster 3 consisted of those in Beijing Municipal City,Tianjin Municipal City,Hebei Province,Shandong Province,north Jiangsu Province,and north Anhui Province;Cluster 4 was made up of those in Zhejiang Province,Shanghai Municipal City,south Anhui Province,south Jiangsu Province,north Hunan Province,north Jiangxi Province,Hubei Province,Henan Province,Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region;Cluster 5 consisted of those in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,Gansu Province and Qinghai Province;and Cluster 6 included those in Shaanxi Province,Sichuan Province,Chongqing Municipal City,Yunnan Province,Guizhou Province,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Province and Tibet Autonomous Region.CONCLUSION:The findings in this research allow the display of the spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in

  2. Anti-Smoking Practice in Hospitals: An Intercept Survey among Patients in Hubei Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Dunjin; Yan, Yaqiong; Yu, Huihong; Xia, Qinghua; Yang, Niannian; Zhang, Zhifeng; Zhu, Zhaoyang; Li, Fang; Gong, Jie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine whether, in the opinion of patients selected in 13 hospitals of Hubei province, China, hospitals are smoke free. Patients were also asked whether their physicians had inquired about their smoking status. Design/methodology/approach: Patients were recruited through an intercept method (i.e. stopped by the…

  3. Prevalence and characterization of human Shigella infections in Henan Province, China, in 2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xia, S.; Xu, B.; Huang, L.;

    2011-01-01

    In 2006, 3531 fecal samples were collected from patients with diarrhea in Henan Province, China. A total of 467 (13.2%) Shigella strains were isolated and serotyped. Seventy-one Shigella flexneri strains were characterized by MIC determination, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and detection...

  4. The vegetable cultivation system in two villages in Sichuan Province, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin Chaowen,; Everaarts, A.P.

    2008-01-01

    A qualitative description was made of the agronomic characteristics of the vegetable cultivation system in two villages, Shengli and Xibei, in the peri-urban area of Pengzhou County, Sichuan Province, China. A great number of different vegetable species are cultivated, of which garlic and lettuce ar

  5. Assessment of undiscovered continuous gas resources of the Ordos Basin Province, China, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Marra, Kristen R.; Mercier, Tracey J.

    2016-01-11

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean resources of 28 trillion cubic feet of tight gas and 5.6 trillion cubic feet of coalbed gas in upper Paleozoic rocks in the Ordos Basin Province, China.

  6. Challenges to Early Childhood Education in Rural China: Lessons from the Hebei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Bi Ying; Roberts, Sherron Killingsworth; Leng Ieong, Sylvia Sao; Guo, Haiying

    2016-01-01

    This research study examined the challenges faced by early childhood education (ECE) in rural China based on a qualitative study of 217 kindergarten classrooms in a large agricultural, rural province. This study utilised onsite teacher surveys, interviews, and observational field notes. This investigation's findings revealed important information…

  7. Status and Development of Foundry Industry in Liaoning Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Hou-yan; ZHANG Yun-hua; WANG Bo

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 General situation The Liaoning province is famous for the machine building industry and the iron-steel industry in China. The foundry industry also has fully been developed in Liaoning. There are about 3 000 foundries and (1.1-1.2) × 105 employees in Liaoning's foundry industry and the total yield of castings is 2.4 million tons.

  8. Eight new species of the genus Sinopotamon from Jiangxi Province, China (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Potamidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ai-Yun, Dai; Xian-Min, Zhou; Wei-Dong, Peng

    1995-01-01

    Fifteen species of freshwater crabs belonging to the genus Sinopotamon are recorded from Jiangxi Province, S.E. China. Eight species are new to science and these are described: S. xiushuiense, S. jiujiangense, S. wanzaiense, S. anyuanense, S. siguqiaoense, S. linhuanense, S. yushanense and S ninggan

  9. Zinc intake and dietary pattern in Jiangsu Province, China: consequences of nutrition transition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qin, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Jiangsu Province is an economically booming area in East China, where soil zinc concentrations are low. Nutrition transition to a dietary pattern with more animal source foods may have improved zinc intake in this area. However, such a transition may also have increased

  10. Local Sustainable Energy Assessment Report of the Guandong Province in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jan; Lund, Søren

    The publication reports a sustainable energy assessment at the local project site of the HighARCS project in Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, China. The assessment has been made as a contribution to the elaboration of biodiversity conservation and livelihoods improvement action plans. It proposes...

  11. Alignment between High School Biology Curriculum Standard and the Standardised Tests of Four Provinces in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qun; Liu, Enshan

    2012-01-01

    With the development and implementation of new curriculum standards, the field tests of education reform in senior high schools began in 2004 in four pilot provinces in mainland China. After five years of the reform, it is necessary to know how and to what extent the curriculum standard guides test classroom instruction. The present study was…

  12. Development assessment of leisure agriculture in Henan province of China based on SWOT-AHP method

    OpenAIRE

    Yichuan Zhang; Lei Feng

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The development of leisure agriculture is an important means of agricultural industry structure adjustment of Henan province, China, to realize the transition from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Design/methodology/approach: The SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) analysis of Henan leisure agriculture will contribute to the sustainable development of Henan leisure agriculture. The strength, weakness, opportunity and threat of developing leisure agriculture ...

  13. 基于灰色系统(GRAY)的安徽省城市生态环境质量综合评价及对策研究%Study on ecological environment quality comprehensive evaluations and countermeasures based on GRAY of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷思友; 范君

    2015-01-01

    This study uses GRAY to comprehensively evaluate ecological environment quality of Anhui province . By comparing and sifting evaluation index according to relevant literature and constructing quality evaluation in-dex system of urban cities,the paper determines the evaluation index weight via Delph method and in combina -tion with 2013Statistical Yearbook data of Anhui province , conducts a comprehensive evaluation of its ecological environment quality and concludes the integrated sorting of urban ecological quality.The results suggest that the ecological environment quality in the southern cities of Anhui province is better while that of the northern cities is poor, especially that of coal resource-based two cities of Huainan and Huaibei which ranks last .Moreover,the paper analyzes the problems existent in those two cities and proposes corresponding countermeasures and sugges -tions.%利用灰色系统综合评价法( GRAY)对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价。通过参考相关研究文献比较筛选评价指标,构建城市环境质量评价指标体系,用Delph法确定评价指标权重,结合2013年安徽省统计年鉴数据资料,对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价,得出城市生态环境质量综合排序。研究结果表明安徽省南部城市生态环境质量较好,北部城市生态环境质量较差,尤其是安徽省两淮煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量综合排名处于最后,对两淮煤炭资源型城市生态城市建设存在的问题进行分析,并提出了相应的对策建议。

  14. Assessing the spatial accessibility of hospital care in Sichuan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay Pan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Regional disparities in geographical access to hospital care are found throughout China. Understanding variations in the spatial accessibility of hospital care has the potential to provide decision support in healthcare planning. This study examines the hospital system in the Sichuan Province in China, which provides healthcare for more than 80 million people. We examine the impacts of accessibility characterisation via the conventional measurement approach by comparing the results to those derived using a floating catchment area approach. Employing a geographical information system based on population and hospital administrative data, we conducted a provincewide study of the spatial accessibility of hospital care in Sichuan Province, China. A shortest-path analysis and the enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA method were implemented. Substantial differences between these two approaches were found, including a roughly 15% difference in the total number of under-served areas. Generally, spatial accessibility was higher in the eastern regions of Sichuan. More than 5.5 million people were found to have limited access, with large variations across the province. These results indicate that the official method used by policy makers in China may not capture the true nature of spatial accessibility throughout the region. We recommend that the E2SFCA method be implemented for health services research in China, providing decision makers with more accurate information when setting healthcare policies.

  15. Iodine deficiency and iodine excess in Jiangsu Province, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhao, J.

    2001-01-01

    Keywords:iodine deficiency, iodine excess, endemic goiter, drinking water, iodine intake, thyroid function, thyroid size, iodized salt, iodized oil, IQ, physical development, hearing capacity, epidemiology, meta-analysis, IDD, randomized trial, intervention, USA, Bangladesh, ChinaEndemic goiter can

  16. Spatial Patterns of Malaria Reported Deaths in Yunnan Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Bi, Yan; Hu, Wenbiao; Yang, Henling; Zhou, Xiao-Nong; Yu, Weiwei; Guo, Yuming; Tong, Shilu

    2013-01-01

    Malaria has been a heavy social and health burden in the remote and poor areas in southern China. Analyses of malaria epidemic patterns can uncover important features of malaria transmission. This study identified spatial clusters, seasonal patterns, and geographic variations of malaria deaths at a county level in Yunnan, China, during 1991–2010. A discrete Poisson model was used to identify purely spatial clusters of malaria deaths. Logistic regression analysis was performed to detect change...

  17. Regional allocation of CO2 emissions allowance over provinces in China by 2020

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mitigation efforts of China are increasingly important for meeting global climate target since the rapid economic growth of China has led to an increasing share in the world's total CO2 emissions. This paper sets out to explore the approach for realizing China's national mitigation targets submitted to the UNFCCC as part of the Copenhagen Accord; that is, to reduce the intensity of CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 40–45% by 2020, as well as reducing the energy intensity and increasing the share of non-fossil fuel consumption, through regional allocation of emission allowance over China's provinces. Since the realization of China's mitigation target essentially represents a total amount emission allowance allocation problem, an improved zero sum gains data envelopment analysis optimization model, which could deal with the constant total amount resources allocation, is proposed in this study. By utilizing this model and based on several scenarios of China's economic growth, CO2 emissions, and energy consumption, a new efficient emission allowance allocation scheme on provincial level for China by 2020 is proposed. The allocation results indicate that different provinces have to shoulder different mitigation burdens in terms of emission intensity reduction, energy intensity reduction, and share of non-fossil fuels increase. - Highlights: ► We explore the approach to realize national CO2 emissions reduction target of China by 2020. ► The CO2 emissions allowance is allocated over China's 30 administrative regions. ► Several scenarios of China's regional economy, emission, energy consumption are given. ► The zero sum gains data envelopment analysis model is applied in emission allowance allocation. ► An efficient emission allowance allocation scheme on provincial level is proposed

  18. 安徽省农村老年人高血压患病影响因素分析%Prevalence and Influencing factors of hypertension in elderly rural residents of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏红春; 张万军; 昝培霞; 王敏; 潘健源; 黄芬

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence of hypertension and its related factors in eldery, residents in rural area of Anhui province and to provide policy implications for aging health. Methods Health examination and self-designed questionnaire survey were conducted in 751 rural residents aged 60 or above. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. Results The prevalence of hypertension in rural elderly residents was 54.1%. Age,lifestyles such as high sug-ar-intake, high salt-intake, low vegetable-intake, BMI, ventro-obesity were influencing factors of hypertention among the resi-dents (χ2= 12.968,4.349,6.398,15. 223,26. 106,14.591). Multivariable analysis showed that the prevalence of hyperten-sion was strongly associated with BMI, age, the amount of vegetable intake daily, preserved foods, ventro-obesity. Conclu-sion The prevalence of hypertension in elderly residents of rural area is relatively high and associated with a lot of factors. The health education on healthy behavior and living habit would be helpful for hypertention control in the residents.%目的 探讨安徽省农村地区老年人高血压患病现状及影响因素,为制定老年人保健措施提供依据.方法 采用自编问卷和现场体格检查方法,对安徽省部分农村地区751名60岁~的老年人进行高血压患病现状及患病危险因素调查,并进行多因素Logistic回归分析.结果 在751名农村老年人中,高血压患病率为54.1%.单因素分析结果显示:高血压患病率的影响因素有年龄(χ2=12.968,P=0.011)、爱吃甜食(χ2=4.349,P=0.039)、爱吃成食(χ2\\6.398,P=0.013)、食用蔬菜量(χ2=15.223,P=0.004)、体质指数(BMI)(χ2=26.106,P=0.000)、腹型肥胖(χ2=14.591,P=0.000).多因素分析结果显示,高血压危险系数与BMI、年龄、咸食食用量、腹型肥胖程度呈正比,与蔬菜食用量呈反比.结论 安徽省农村老年人高血压现状不容乐观,应加强高血压患病相关因素的健康教育,

  19. Study on job satisfaction of community health workers in Anhui province%安徽省社区卫生服务人员工作满意度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁宏; 徐寅; 何振仿; 钱兴平; 徐希平

    2012-01-01

    Objective Measuring job satisfaction level of community health workers,providing on the evidences for the design of the relevant policy and the evaluation of job effect.Methods 57 Community Health Service centers and 54 stations were randomly selected in 12 cities in Anhui province,and all staff on the job were investigated.The questionnaires were delivered to the working staff and anonymously filled in by them.Results The total job satisfaction average score of the staff is 110.84± 18.18.The average score of pay(10.05±2.99),welfare(10.35±3.17)and promotion(10.85±3.00)are rather low.The average score of coworkers(14.78±2.11),nature of work(14.60±2.69)and supervision (13.90±3.00)are quite high.Logistic regression analysis shows the staff's duration and title are the main factors affecting their overall job satisfaction.Conclusion The overall job satisfaction level of community health workers is not high.Establishing the reasonable system of pay,welfare mechanism and the predictable promotion space are feasible choices to promote job satisfaction of community health workers%目的 测量社区卫生服务人员工作满意度水平,为相关政策设计及效果评价提供决策依据.方法 在安徽省12个城市,随机抽取社区卫生服务中心57个、服务站54个为调查现场,被抽取的调查现场全部在岗人员均作为调查对象.调查人员现场发放调查问卷,由被调查者匿名自行填写.结果 被调查对象总体满意度平均得分110.84±18.18分;薪酬、福利及晋升等3个评价维度满意度平均得分水平较低,分别为10.05±2.99分、10.35±3.17分和10.85±3.00分;同事关系、工作性质及领导等3个评价维度满意度平均得分水平较高,分别为14.78±2.11分、14.60±2.69分和13.90±3.00分;logistic回归分析发现工作年数及职称是工作总体满意度的影响因素.结论 社区卫生服务人员工作总体满意度水平不高;建立合理的薪酬、福利机制和可预期

  20. Distribution, age and genesis of cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules in Huaibei Plain of Anhui Province%安徽淮北平原钙质结核土分布及成因年代研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴道祥; 曹亚娟; 钟轩民; 施国军; 徐东生; 刘秋燕; 王国强

    2009-01-01

    After proposing the concept of "cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules", the distribution law, genesis, age and types of calcareous nodules of cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules in Huaibei Plain of Anhui Province are studied in detail. Based on field geology studies, tests, exploration and extensive reference to engineering geological exploration reports and professional literature data, the burial and distribution law of cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules are analyzed; and the plane distribution map and typical strata section maps of cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules are drawn. Cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules mainly distributes in the block between rivers, depression and the Yellow River Flood Plain in Huaibei Plain. The change law of the elevation of the roof of cohesive soil containing calcareous nodules and the ground elevation is basically identical. Calcareous concretions can generally be divided into three forms: embryonic calcareous concretions, mature calcareous concretions and calcareous hard pan. It is pointed out that there are embryonic calcareous, mature calcareous and calcareous hard pan from up to down on profile, the particle size and number of calcareous concretions increase gradually with depth and calcareous hard pan comes to being around the perennial groundwater level. In addition, the radiocarbon ages of embryonic calcareous, mature calcareous and calcareous hard pan gradually increase on profile.%提出了钙质结核土的概念,并详细研究了安徽淮北平原钙质结核土的分布规律、成因年代以及钙质结核的类型.通过地质调查、试验和勘探,并参阅工程勘察报告和文献资料,分析了安徽淮北平原钙质结核土的埋藏和分布规律,绘制了淮北平原钙质结核土平面分布图及典型地层剖面图.钙质结核土分布在淮北平原河间地块、洼地及黄泛平地上,结核层的埋藏标高与地面标高变化基本一致.在剖面

  1. 皖南山区学生并殖吸虫感染现状调查分析%Investigation on Paragonimus infection status in elementary school students in the mountain areas of southern Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘道华; 汪天平; 郭见多; 张世清; 方益民; 汪业彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解皖南山区学生并殖吸虫感染现状及其易感因素。方法采用随机整群抽样的方法,采集黄山市936名小学生末梢血,利用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)法检测血清中并殖吸虫特异抗体IgM和IgG,以确定其感染情况;同时进行《并殖吸虫易感因素》的问卷调查,分析其感染的危险因素。结果并殖吸虫总感染率为12.07%(113/936),各县区感染率的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);单因素分析结果显示,在不同性别、是否食用溪蟹、饮用水源不同、是否喝生水及对并殖吸虫知识不同知晓情况的调查对象中,其感染率的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论黄山市小学生并殖吸虫感染率较高,该地区仍是并殖吸虫流行的疫源地。男性、食用溪蟹及不了解并殖吸虫预防知识的人群更易感染并殖吸虫,应作为重点防治对象。%Objective To investigate the Paragonimus infection status and predisposing factors to this species in primary school students living in the mountain areas of southern Anhui province. Methods By ran⁃dom cluster sampling method, we conducted a survey on 936 students in Huangshan City by obtaining the peripheral blood samples which were determined for the Paragonimus specific antibodies(IgM and IgG) by ELI⁃SA to examine the infection status. Besides, self-programmed questionnaire on the susceptibility to Paragoni⁃mus infection was performed to analyze risk factors. Results The overall infection rate with Paragonimus was 12.07% (113/936), and varied significantly in students from different areas(P<0.05). Single factor analysis showed that the infection rate was dissimilar in different genders, and students with or without history of in⁃gestion of crabs, intake of unboiled water or drinking water from different sources, as well as knowledge and awareness of Paragonimus infection(P<0.05). Conclusion Higher infection rate with

  2. Epidemiological investigation on cancer incidences between 2009 and 2011 in Tongling City in Anhui Province%安徽省铜陵市2009-2011年恶性肿瘤流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑睿智; 何益新; 胡婧婷; 汪孝东; 章清荷; 杨林胜; 黄芬

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the incidence and the spectrum of cancers in Tongling City in Anhui Province in 2009-2011, and to identify the influential factors of gastrointestinal cancer. Methods The information of the cancer cases was obtained by interviewing the Centers for Disease Control Prevention of and all the community health service centers in the city. 100 cases of gastrointestinal cancer and 100 controls were selected to implement a case-control study. Results A total of 5 288 cancer cases (3 451 male that occupied 65. 26% of all the cases, and 1 837 female that occupied 34. 74% ) were identified in 2009-2011. The average overall standardized cancer incidence was 190. 15/100 000 (250. 37/100 000 for male and 133. 18/100 000 for female). The results of the ease-control study of the gastrointestinal cancer indicated that the risk factors were smoking, drinking raw water, ingesting more pickle and fish, and the protective factors were ingesting more fruits, eggs, bean and milk. Conclusions Gastrointestinal cancer is the leading cancer in the population of Tongling City, and unhealthy diet is the main risk factor for gastrointestinal cancer.%目的 了解2009-2011年安徽省铜陵市主要恶性肿瘤发病的分布及构成情况,以及影响消化道肿瘤发病的相关因素.方法 通过该市疾病预防控制中心及社区卫生服务中心,收集2009-2011年各类肿瘤的发病资料;并随机抽取100位消化道肿瘤患者及100位健康对照进行病例对照研究.结果 2009-2011年新发恶性肿瘤5 288例,男3 451例,占65.26%;女1 837例,占34.74%.年均标化发病率为190.15/10万,男性年标化发病率为250.37/10万,女性年标化发病率为133.18/10万.病例对照研究结果显示消化道肿瘤的危险因素为:吸烟史、饮用生水、腌制品摄入和水产类摄入;保护因素为:水果摄入和豆、奶类摄入.结论 消化道肿瘤是威胁该市居民健康的最主要肿瘤,不良饮食习惯是消化道肿

  3. Design and Application of the Weather Indices of Winter Wheat Planting Insurance in Anhui Province%安徽省冬小麦种植保险天气指数设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨太明; 刘布春; 孙喜波; 李德; 荀尚培

    2013-01-01

    For the design of winter wheat planting weather insurance product ,5 weather indices of winter wheat planting insurance were established, through analyzed the relationship of historical yield loss and disaster weather index, based on the 1993 - 2009 daily meteorological monitoring data combined with main agro-meteorological disasters for the regional winter wheat during the growing season. These weather indices included drought index, late spring frost index, dry hot wind index, continuous overcast-rain index Ⅰ and continuous overcast-rain index Ⅱ . Index insurance trigger value and compensation standards were established through analyzed the relationship of historical weather index payment ratio and historical yield loss ratio, defined the function of base risk, and minimized base risk. The weather insurance product was tested in Yongqiao district, Suzhou city, Anhui province. The product was sold and covered 1300ha from 2010 to 2012. The insurance premium was more than 110 thousands yuan, and the insurance indemnity was more than 220 thousands yuan due to the trigger of drought index. It can be concluded that the application of the weather insurance product can objectively and quickly provide economic compensation for disaster loss.%利用安徽省宿州市1993-2009年的逐日气象数据并结合区域冬小麦生育期的主要农业气象灾害,通过对历史产量损失与主要灾害的气象指标进行对比分析,为设计小麦种植天气指数保险产品,确定了干旱指数、倒春寒指数、干热风指数、阴雨日数指数Ⅰ、阴雨日数指数Ⅱ共5个小麦关键生育期天气指数.通过历史天气指数赔付率与历史产量损失率的对比,定义基差风险函数和最小化基差风险,确定指数保险赔付的触发值及赔付标准.将设计的保险产品在安徽省宿州市试验应用,2010-2012年成功销售推广1300hm2,总保费约11万元,因触发干旱指数,实际赔付额超过22万元.表明

  4. 安徽查湾甜槠林林隙及林下土壤养分对比%Soil Nutrients in Forest Gaps and Understory in Castanopsis eyrei Stands in Zhawan Nature Reserve of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江国华; 吴泽民

    2012-01-01

    对安徽查湾甜槠林林隙与林下土壤水分和养分进行了对比研究.结果表明:林隙土壤含水量垂直方向上随土层深度增加而递减;水平方向上,由林隙中心区往林下,土壤含水量呈递减趋势,说明林隙土壤的保水能力加强.林隙内外土壤pH值差异不大,林隙内pH值均略高于非林隙林分下相应各层;除表层外,土壤pH值在垂直方向上随土层深度的增加而增加;但土壤养分在垂直方向上分布规律差异较大,除了全钾质量分数由表层依次向下逐渐递增以外,其它各种养分均为逐渐递减,而且其它各养分在表层的含量明显高于其它土层的含量.林下土壤的有机质、全氮、碱解氮、速效磷、速效钾质量分数均高于林隙,而全磷、全钾质量分数是林隙高于林下.%An experiment was conducted to study the soil water content and nutrients in forest gaps and understory in Castanopsis eyrei stands in Zhawan Nature Reserve of Anhui Province. Results showed that soil water content decreased with soil depth, and it decreased from the center of forest gap to the understory, indicating that the soil in forest gap had better water holding capability. Soil pH in the forest gap was slightly higher than that in corresponding layer of understory, and soil pH increased with soil depth except for litter layer. The distribution of soil nutrients in vertical direction was different, that is, the content of total potassium increased with soil depth, while the contents of other nutrients decreased with soil depth, and the nutrient contents in the surface layer were obviously higher than those in other layers. The contents of soil organic matter, total nitrogen, alkaline hydrolytic nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium under the canopy were higher than those in the forest gap, while the contents of total phosphorus and total potassium were higher in the forest gap compared with the understory.

  5. 安徽省萧县禾谷类孢囊线虫发生与分布规律%Occurrence and distribution of cereal cyst nematode in Xiao County of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张胜; 王龙平; 檀根甲; 王向阳; 金鹏; 吴慧平

    2013-01-01

    A field survey was carried out from 2007 to 2010 in Xiao County of Anhui Province to investigate the occurrence and distribution of cereal cyst nematode (CCN) under different altitudes,soil types and cultural practice,such as crop rotation.Cysts were isolated by float method from 360 soil samples collected by random survey method.Number of white female and cyst and nematode occurrence rate were calculated.Egg density was determined based on 30 cysts from each sample site.Egg density occurrence quantity (EDQ) frequency was analyzed by frequency statistic,and EDQ values under different altitude,soil type and cultural practice were compared by variance analysis.CCN species was identified based on the morphological characterizations of female vulva cone and de Man data.The results showed that the nematodes occurred in wheat fields in Majing town,Xiao County was identified as Heterodera avenae.CCN occurred in 87% sampling fields.In wheat fields,EDQ of higher altitude (31-40 m) was significantly higher than that of lower altitude (21-30 m) (P<0.05).EDQ with soybean as precrop was significantly higher than that with maize as pre-crop in sandy soils (P<0.05).There was no significant difference among the EDQ in different soil type fields.This paper indicated CCN occurrence and distribution follow certain rules in Xiao County,which provided theory evidence for the local CCN control.%为了解安徽省萧县不同自然条件和耕作制度下禾谷类孢囊线虫(cereal cyst nematode,CCN)发生和分布规律,2007-2010年间进行了田间调查.利用随机调查法采集土样360份,用漂浮法分离孢囊,计算雌虫、孢囊的数量以及CCN发生率;每取样点选30个孢囊测计卵密度,利用频度法分析卵密度发生量(egg density occurrencequantity,EDQ)频度,以及不同自然条件和耕作制度下EDQ差异.依据孢囊阴门锥形态和de-Man法鉴定种类.结果表明,萧县马井镇麦区线虫种类为Heterodera avenae,调查田块中87

  6. EXPLORING RESOURCES USE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH RELATIONSHIP FOR TONGLING CITY OF ANHUI PROVINCE%铜陵市资源利用与经济增长关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王远; 王义琛; 周婧; 王芳; 朱晓东; 陆根法

    2011-01-01

    Relationship between resource use and economic growth is the important field of resources and environmental economics studies. The paper attempts to integrate Material Flow Analysis (MFA) approach and the newly developed autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL)-bounds testing approach to examine the relationship between resource use and real GDP for Tongling City of Anhui Province,during the period of 1990~2008. The direct material input (DMI) ,one of sub-accounts of MFA,is also used as the proxy variable of resource use. The results of the bounds test indicate that a long-run cointegration relationship exists between the proxy of resource use and the explanatory variable:economic growth. The long-run parameters are estimated through a long-run static solution of the estimated ARDL model,and then the short-run dynamics are estimated by the error correction model. The study also indicates the existence of short-run and long-run causality running from resource use to economic growth. The findings imply that resource use is a stable forcing variable for economic growth in Tongling City. The estimation results are also of policy implication on economic development and resource conservation strategies for Tongling City.%资源利用与经济增长之间的关系是资源与环境经济学研究的重要领域.以安徽省铜陵市为例,尝试运用物质流分析方法以及最新发展的自回归分布滞后模型(ARDL)对铜陵市1990~2008年资源利用和实际GDP二者关系进行检验和分析.采用了物质流分析指标中直接物质投入来表征区域资源利用量.ARDL边界检验结果表明了资源利用和经济增长间存在稳定的长期均衡关系.进一步通过ARDL-ECM模型分析了区域经济增长对资源利用长期弹性系数和短期弹性系数,并揭示出资源利用对经济增长的短期和长期因果关系.研究结果表明当前资源投入在一定程度上拉动了铜陵经济增长.同时还对铜陵经济增长和

  7. 安徽省淮北市中学教师职业倦怠现状调查%Status of the job burnout among middle school teachers in Huaibei City of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苌光锤; 鲁峰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of the job burnout among middle school teachers in Huaibei City of Anhui Province, and to provide the basis for teachers' physical and moral integrity development Methods A total of 310 teachers from 4 middle schools in Huaibei City were selected with stratified random sampling to undergo a survey with teacher job burnout questionnaire (MBI-ES).Results The scores of the participants in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment dimensious were 2.53 ±0.59, 2.04 ±0.79, and 3.12 ± 1.09.There were significant differences between male and female teachers in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions ( P < 0.05 ).The teachers in vocational schools had the lowest scores in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions (2.23 ± 0.88 and 1.86 ± 0.65 ), and had the highest score in personal accomplishment dimension ( 3.40 ±± 0.68 ), and there were significant differences among the teachers from different kinds of schools in three dimensions ( P < 0.01 ).Conclusion The results show that the level of job burnout of middle school teachers is not serious in Huaibei City, but a substantial proportion of teachers tend to have job burnout%目的 了解中学教师职业倦怠的状况,为促进教师的身心健康发展提供依据.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法,抽取安徽省淮北市4所中学的310名教师,采用教师职业倦怠量表(MBI-ES)进行调查.结果 调查对象的情绪衰竭、去个性化和自我成就感3个维度的得分分别为2.53±0.59分、2.04±0.79分和3.12±1.09分.男女教师在情绪衰竭和去个性化2个维度上的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).职业中学教师在情绪衰竭和去个性化2个维度上的得分最低,分别为2.23±0.88分和1.86±0.65分,而在自我成就感上的得分最高,为3.40±0.68分,不同学校类型的教师在3个维度上的得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 淮北地区中学教师的职业

  8. 中国农村基础设施现状:皖省例证与政策选择%Status and Policy Choice of Rural Infrastructure in China:Example from Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    依据农村基础设施建设状况的背景,对安徽省水库移民地区进行实地调查。从长期看,农民纯收入与支援农村生产支出、各项农业事业费、农业基本建设支出、水利建设投资存在着显著的正相关关系。预测显示,未来五年随着支援农村生产支出、各项农业事业费、农业基本建设支出、支农总支出等投入的较大幅度增加,农民人均纯收入将呈现规模报酬递减趋势,但到2015年农民人均纯收入可到达万元以上。现阶段,我国农村基础设施建设投入规模仍然不足,结构矛盾较为突出。应通过建立稳定的农村基础设施建设投入增加的长效机制,调整基础设施建设在地区间和项目间优先序等措施来改善农村生产生活环境,提高农民收入。%Based on the current status of rural infrastructure,we made a field survey in reservoir immigrants regions of Anhui Province.The results show that in the long term,there is a significant positive correlation between the net income of farmers and the expenditure for supporting rural production,the operating expenses of agriculture,agriculture and infrastructure spending,investment in water conservancy construction.The estimate indicates that,with the expenditure for supporting rural production,the operating expenses of agriculture,agriculture and infrastructure spending,the total agriculture expenditure in a substantial increasing in the next five years,the per capita net income of farmers will be showing the trend of decreasing returns in scale,but by 2015 rural per capita net income will reach the million or more.At present,China's rural infrastructure investment scale is still insufficient,and has a structural contradiction.Thus,we should establish a long-term stable increasing mechanism of rural infrastructure investment,adjust the priority order of the infrastructure construction in the inter-regional and inter-project.

  9. 安徽省某镇空巢老人抑郁因素分析%Depression prevalence status and the influencing factors in empty nest elderly in a town of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹丹; 臧娜; 何培丽; 崔冉冉; 韦真珍; 袁慧

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省某镇空巢老人抑郁现状,分析其相关影响因素.方法:采用整群抽样方法选择安徽省某镇作为研究地区,以生活质量问卷SF-36及抑郁自评量表SDS对60岁以上老人进行调查.结果:共调查695名老人,抑郁症状检出率为20.43%;其中非空巢老人352人,抑郁症状检出率为13.92%;空巢老人343人,抑郁症状检出率为27.11%,其中空巢夫妻同住老人256人,抑郁症状检出率为25.78%;空巢独居老人87人,抑郁症状检出率为31.03%;空巢独居老人抑郁症状检出率最高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).Logistic回归分析显示性别(OR=0.543)、经济收入(OR=0.518)、对生活满意度(OR=0.499)、家庭关系(OR=1.632)与抑郁症状相关.结论:空巢老人的抑郁症状发生率较高,影响因素复杂,我们应加强对空巢老人特别是独居空巢老人的关注,从提高经济收入、改善家庭关系等方面有针对性地提供更多的社会支持.%Objective: To survey on the depression prevalence status among the empty nest elderly living in a town oi Anhui province and analyze the related influencing factors. Methods : By randomized duster sampling, the empty nest population aged over 60 in an township area were surveyed using Quality oi Life Questionnaire( SF-36 ) and Sell-Rating Depression scale( SDS ). Results: The detected rate for depression was 20. 43% in the total 695 subjects,in whom 352 were non-empty nest elderly and 343 were empty living, and the depression detectable was 13. 92% for the farmer and 27. 1 1 % for the latter. Detectable depression wai also found in 256( 25.78 % ) subjects living with their spouse and in 87( 31. 03 % ) of single empty living, which suggested that the emotional disorder most hit the empty nest elderly oi single living and had statistical difference ( P <0. 001 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that the depressive state wai associated with sexes( OR = 0. 543 ), family income( OR = 0.518 ), living

  10. Capacity building for primary health care reform and its effectiveness in Feixi county, Anhui province%安徽省肥西县基层卫生服务能力提升改革及其成效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金音子; 何莉; 岳大海; 朱炜明; 张鲁豫; 马慧芬; 孟庆跃

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the implementation and effectiveness of primary health care reform in Feixi county, Anhui province. Methods: This paper uses data analysis of interviews with key insiders, policy documents and archives, as well as institutional questionnaire survey and other methods to collect information, and then it com-bines qualitative and quantitative research to arrive at research findings through cross-analysis and interpretation. Re-sults:From 2010 to 2014, the reform enhanced the capacity of primary health care in four main aspects, including capacity building of primary health care personnel, network construction of primary health care system, improvement of working conditions, and system construction of institutional management. Accordingly, the human capacity of pri-mary health care personnel was improved, their enthusiasm for work increased, their income was raised, the working conditions were improved, the cooperation mechanism for vertical and horizontal health care services was established, and the consultation rate and primary health care utilization in Feixi county increased. Conclusion:Both the“bottom-up” exploration approach and “from point to area” implementation strategy adopted by Feixi county have not only been the core content of primary health care system’s comprehensive reform, but also effectively leveraged the other aspects of the reform. They have played an important role in deepening medical reform and establishing institutional mechanism of health care system.%目的::分析安徽省肥西县基层卫生服务能力提升改革措施及成效,为深化基层医疗卫生服务体系改革提供参考。方法:采用关键知情人访谈、政策文件和档案资料分析以及机构问卷调查等方法收集资料,定性和定量研究结合,通过交叉分析和解释得出研究发现。结果:2010—2014年,肥西县从基层卫生人员能力、卫生服务体系网络建设、工作条件改善、

  11. 安徽茶园土壤氟在茶树体内的富集与转运特征%BIOACCUMULATION AND TRANSLOCATION OF FLUORIDE FROM SOILS TO DIFFERENT PARTS OF TEA PLANTS IN ANHUI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜红建; 刘腾腾; 张显晨; 张正竹; 宛晓春

    2011-01-01

    研究了安徽宣城、六安和合肥茶区不同茶园土壤氟含量及在茶树体内的富集与转运特征,探讨了茶树根际和非根际土壤氟的有效性特征及其在茶树体内的累积规律.结果表明,安徽省典型茶园表层土壤全氟含量为:六安黄棕壤(319.7 mg.kg^-1)〉宣城黄红壤(316.6 mg.kg^-1)〉合肥黄褐土(311.3 mg.kg^-1),均低于我国土壤总氟背景值(478 mg.kg^-1),并呈现一定的表层富集现象.表层土壤的水溶性氟含量则为:合肥黄褐土(5.32 mg.kg^-1)〉宣城黄红壤(3.32 mg.kg^-1)%Bioaccumulation and translocation of fluoride from soils to different parts of tea plants from several tea plantations of Xuancheng,Liu′an and Hefei in Anhui Province were investigated by sampling tea garden soils and tea plants.Results revealed that the total fluoride concentrations in surface soil(0—20 cm) in tea plantations from Liu′an(319.7 mg·kg^-1) were higher than those in Xuancheng(316.6 mg·kg^-1) and Hefei(311.3 mg·kg^-1),respectively.these fluoride contents were lower than the national fluoride background level(478 mg·kg^-1).The fluoride concentrations in surface soil were higher than those in the subsoil profile(20—40 cm and 40—60 cm),indicating that a large amount of fluorides were enriched in the surface soil.The soluble fluoride in rhizosphere soil was higher than that in the non-rhizosphere soil from different tea planting areas.The fluoride contents in the different parts of tea plants were in the order of: mature leaffallen leafyoung leafroot,stem.In young leaves,the fluoride contents(108.2—184.3 mg·kg^-1) were below the national fluoride limit in tea(≤200 mg·kg^-1),while in mature leaves,the fluoride contents(531.0—1155.2 mg·kg^-1) were above the limit,which pose potential risks to tea quality.The bioaccumulation factors(BF) of total and soluble fluorides from surface soil to tea plant ranged from 1

  12. Disposal of Rare Earth NORM Residues in Jiangsu Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present situation of NORM residues arising from rare earths extraction and separation in Jiangsu Province has been investigated comprehensively. The management of these residues is discussed and analysed with respect to the separation technology, the activity concentrations, the amounts of residue generated and the regional eco-environmental features. Some conclusions and suggestions on the disposal of these NORM residues are given, with reference to the relevant national laws, regulations and standards. (author)

  13. Marketing and Customer Relationship Management for ONYOU Home Textiles Franchise Store in Hefei, China

    OpenAIRE

    Gu, Wanqing

    2014-01-01

    ONYOU bamboo fiber home textile franchise store is a small business located in Hefei City, Anhui Province, China. It has been running more than three years since ONYOU franchise store was set up on March 2010. It has gone through the good times and also tough times, there are still chal-lenges and threaths existing that this store needs to confront. In this thesis report, the marketing and customer relationship management suggestions has been designed for ONYOU franchise store and so...

  14. Clinical characteristics of elderly patients on maintenance hemodialysis in Anhui Province%安徽省老年维持性血液透析患者临床特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈虎; 王德光; 袁亮; 郝丽

    2016-01-01

    patients aged 60 years and over in Anhui Province who receive maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).Methods Clinical data of MHD patients in hemodialysis centers of 26 hospitals in Anhui Province from March 31, 2014 to January 1, 2014 were collected.With non-elderly MHD patients (aged over 18 old and under 60) serving as controls, similarities and differences in the primary disease, vascular access, nutritional status, mineral and bone disorders (MBD), and other related aspects in MHD patients were compared.Results The top three original diseases for elderly patients were chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) (32.8 %), hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HNS) (27.7 %) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) (26.2%).The proportion of patients with DN and HNS in the elderly was higher than in the control group (P < 0.001).Vascular access types in elderly MHD patients were arteriovenous fistula (AVF) (89.4 %), tunneled cuffed catheter (TCC) (8.9 %), and temporary venous catheter (1.3%).The proportion of patients with AVF was lower (P<0.001) and the proportion of patients with TCC was higher (P<0.001) in the elderly group than in the control group.The incidence of anemia was higher in the elderly patients than in the control group (P<0.05);the proportion of elderly patients with hemoglobin (Hb) levels was 30.3%, in which had no significant difference as compared with the control group (P > 0.05).The incidence of hypoalbuminemia was 21.2% in elderly patients, which was higher than in the control group.The proportions of elderly MHD patients with normal levels of adjusted serum calcium, serum phosphorus, and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were 52.0%, 27.9% (higher than in the control group, P<0.001), and 47.9%, respectively, while there was no difference in adjusted serum calcium and iPTH between the two groups (P>0.05).The treatment rates for low serum calcium,hyperphosphatemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in elderly patients were 50.6%,51.6% and 71

  15. Contrastive Analysis of Evolution of Land Use Structure in Developed Area and Developing Area A Case Study on Suzhou of Jiangsu Province and Suzhou of Anhui Province%经济发达地区与欠发达地区土地利用结构演化比较——以江苏省苏州市和安徽省宿州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔伟峰; 孙在宏; 兰晓华; 王亚华

    2012-01-01

    The contrastive study on evolution of land use structure in developed area and developing area can provide theoretical basis of sustainable land use. Based on the index model of number, extent change of land use and information entropy theory, using the land survey data of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province and Suzhou of Anhui Province from 1998 to 2008, the author analyzes and contrasts the regulations and differences on evolution of the land use structure. The result shows that in these 10 years : Main land types, such as agriculture land, settlement and incompatible industry land and transportation land, have the same change direction in this two cities, but the change ranges and speed of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province are more than Suzhou of Anhui Province; even through the index of land use degree are both highly, the index of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province is increasing quickly and in a high-speed development period and the Suzhou of Anhui Province is much slow, with years going, the gap of the index have become 9.36 in 2008; information entropy increases year by year with a tendency from fast to slow and the Suzhou of Jiangsu Province increases more quickly, so that land use systems become complex and disordered in two cities. The direction of land use in the future is to improve land use structure by taking actions that suit local circumstances.%以苏州市和宿州市为代表,对经济发达地区与欠发达地区的土地利用结构演化进行比较研究。在土地利用数量、程度变化分析模型和信息熵理论支持下,分析比较了1998--2008年两市土地利用结构演化规律及其差异。结果表明:两市耕地、居民点及工矿用地和交通运输用地等主要地类的变化方向相同,且苏州市的变化幅度的绝对值和变化速度均远大于宿州市;两市的土地利用程度均较高,苏州市该指数的增长总体上维持在较高水平,处于高速发展期,宿州市则较为稳定,处于缓慢的

  16. Clay Mineralogical Composition of Tea Garden Soils in Shandong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Jing-Long; Yang, Qi-Xia; Ming ZHAO; Liu, Ying-Xia; Egashira, Kazuhiko

    2008-01-01

    For assistance of the appropriate plant-nutrient management practice to keep the sustainable tea production in Shandong Province, particle-size and clay mineral analyses were carried out to the surface layer of soils collected in tea gardens of Laoshan region of Qingdao City and Dahainanchun region of Jimo City, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. Variation of the particle-size distribution with sites was small in each region. The clay content ranged from 17.6 to 22.7% for soils ...

  17. 基于传播学理论的皖南古聚落发展过程研究——以黄田古聚落为例%Research of Tribes' Development Processing of South Anhui Province basedon Communication Theories:A Case of Huangtian Old Tribes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李珎

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we found that the basic rules of development processing of south Anhui province obey the regular pattern of communication theories. In other words, the two-way propagation mechanisms adhere to the process which is characteristic of communication's aggregation and divergent. We analyzed the dynamic development processing from the standpoint of cross discipline subjects thought the on-the-spot investigation and thinking of south Anhui province recently. In order to boost the protection and development of old tribes, several meaningful urban planning strategies have been proposed for enhancing the communication's divergent through the analysis of different factors that impact the aggregation of communications.%皖南古聚落的发展过程遵循传播学的基本规律,具有双向传播机制,即多维信息向古聚落的聚集性传播和以古聚落为信息源的发散性传播.通过对黄田古聚落的实地调研和思考,试图从交叉学科的角度分析和解释其动态发展过程.研究不同要素通过聚集性传播对古聚落发展的影响,并针对在大众传播时代如何增强发散性传播为促进古聚落的保护和发展提供了规划策略.

  18. Spatial Analysis of the Evolvement of Urban and Rural Economic Disparity in Yunnan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The per capita disposable income of urban households and the per capita net income of rural households in Yunnan Province are selected as the variable indices.Data are from the Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and the Yunnan Statistical Yearbook.Theil index and RHL value are used to carry out quantitative research on the occurrence,development and change of urban and rural economic disparity in Yunnan Province,China.Regression analysis on the evolvement trend of urban and rural economic disparity and spatial analysis on the convergence and divergence of urban and rural disparity caused by economic growth in Yunnan Province are carried out.Result shows that cities in Yunnan Province show a downward convergence;while rural areas show a downward divergence in the years 1978-2007,causing the economic disparity between urban and rural areas.Therefore,urban and rural disparity increases in Yunnan Province and the development of rural areas lags far behind the development of urban areas.Urban and rural economic disparity in Yunnan Province shows an inverted "U" shape of Kuznets Curve.In order to promote the coordinated development of urban and rural economy,suggestions are put forward,such as adopting the unbalanced development strategy,accelerating the overall economic development,promoting the development of small and medium-sized cities,enhancing the integration of urban and rural economics,appropriately supporting rural areas under poverty,and fully exerting the comparative advantage.

  19. Main Clay Minerals in Soils of Fujian Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGGUO; ZHANGWEIMING; 等

    1996-01-01

    The clay minerals of more than 200 soil samples collected from various sites of Fujian Province were studied by the X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy to study their distribution and evolution.Montmorillonite was found in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit,and some lateritic red soil,red soil and yellow soil with a low weathering degree.Chlorite existed mainly in coastal solonchak and paddy soil developed from marine deposit.1.4nm intergradient mineral appeared frequently in yellow soil,red soil and lateritic red soil.The content of 1.4nm intergradient mineral increased with the decrease of weathering degree from lateritic red soil to red soil to yellow soil.Hydrous micas were more in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit.and puple soil from purple shale than in other soils.Kaolinte was the most important clay mineral in the soils iun this province.The higher the soil weathering degree,the more the kaolinite existed.From yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil,kaolinite increased gradually,Kaolinite was the predominant clay mineral accompanied by few other minerals in typical lateritic red soil. Tubular halloysite was a widespread clay mineral in soils of Fujian Province with varying quantities.The soil derived from the paent rocks rich in feldspar contained more tubular halloysite.Spheroidal halloysite was found in a red soil and a paddy soil developed from olivine basalt gibbsite in the soils in this district was largely“primary gibbsite” which formed in the early weathering stage.Gibbsite decreased with the increase of weathering degree from yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil.Goethite also decreased in the same sequence while hematite increased.

  20. The integrated risk assessment and zoning of meteorological disaster in Heilongjiang Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes studies on the integrated risk assessment and zoning of meteorological disaster in Heilongjiang Province,in northeastern China,by using information-diffusion theory and cluster method with 35 years of summer temperature and precipitation data from 74 meteorological stations from 1971 through 2005.The information-diffusion theory has been used extensively in risk assessment,yet almost no one has done research about risk assessment by information-diffusion theory based on meteorological disaster standards.Some research results are as follows:the risk probability of low temperature and cold damage in the northern region is higher than that in the southern region;the risk probability of general low temperature and cold damage in the southwestern region is the highest;the risk probability of serious low temperature and cold damage in the northern region is the highest,followed by the central and southeast region;the high-risk region of arid disaster in Heilongjiang Province was primarily located in the southwestern,central,and southern parts of the province;the high-intensity arid disaster was located in the south-eastern region;the high-risk region of flood in Heilongjiang Province was primarily located from the southwest and then across the central part to the western part of Heilongjiang Province;the high-intensity flood disasters were located in almost every part of Heilongjiang Province.We can conclude from the integrated meteorological disaster risk zoning that the high-risk region of mete-orological disaster is primarily located in the southern and northern part of the province,the moderate-risk region is distributed in the central southern region and western region,the low-risk region is located in the eastern part,and the light-risk region is located in the central western part of Heilongjiang Province.

  1. Rare Earth Element Geochemistry of Calcite from the World-class Huize Pb-Zn Deposits, Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zhi-long; ZHOU Mei-fu; LI Xiao-biao; LI Wen-bo; JIN Zhong-guo

    2008-01-01

    @@ The world-class Huize Pb-Zn deposits of Yunnan province, China, is located in the center of the Sichuan-Yun-nan-Guizhou Pb-Zn polymetallic metallogenic province, has Pb+Zn reserves of more than 5 million tons at Pb+Zn grade of higher than 25% and contains abundant metals, such as Ag, Ge, Cd, and Ga.

  2. 农业灌溉用水效率及其影响因素分析——基于安徽省蒙城县的实地调查%Measurement of Irrigation Water Efficiency and Analysis of Influential Factors:An Empirical Study of Mengcheng County in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许朗; 黄莺

    2012-01-01

    随着水资源问题的日益严峻,用水效率的提高是节水型社会建设的根本要求,农业灌溉用水是我国的用水大户,测算灌溉用水的技术效率对于制定合理的灌溉用水政策,提高灌溉用水效率尤为重要。本文通过实地调查,运用随机前沿分析方法从农户的微观层面对农业生产的灌溉用水效率进行测算,并在此基础上用Tobit模型对影响灌溉用水效率的因素进行深入分析,结果表明:农户的平均灌溉用水效率仅为0.4821,存在很大的节水潜力,农户种植经验的提高、农业的规模化生产、农户节水意识的增强、井灌方式的推广、节水灌溉技术的采用、灌溉水价的改革等都对提高灌溉用水效率产生积极的影响。%In the context of problems of water resources becoming increasingly serious,enhancing water use efficiency is the fundamental requirement for building the water-saving society.Agricultural irrigation water is regarded as the major water user in China.It is therefore of great importance to measure the technical efficiency of irrigation water in order to develop reasonable irrigation water policies and improve the irrigation water efficiency.In this paper,stochastic frontier analysis has been performed to measure the irrigation water efficiency from micro-level farmers on the basis of questionnaire surveys.Given the availability and easy-processing of data,the irrigation water of wheat was taken as the primary research objective.A total amount of 250 questionnaires were sent out to investigate the individual behavior of the farmers in their allocation of irrigation water for the wheat in Mengcheng County of Anhui Province.There were 237 valid questionnaires returned.Anhui is one of the major wheat producers of China,so it is of great practical significance to measure the irrigation water efficiency of local wheat on an individual basis.Yield per hm2 is defined as the output.Seed input,chemical input

  3. Establishment of management information system for SARS surveillance and control in Shaanxi province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Jian-hui; QU Jing-hui; XU De-zhong; YAN Yong-ping; ZHANG Zhi-ying; ZHANG Heng; WEN Liang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To develop the management information system for SARS surveillance and control in Shaanxi province of China responding to the urgent needs for preventing and curing SARS disease.Methods: Based on geographic information system technology, the management information system for SARS disease in Shaanxi province of China was established using "SuperMap Objects 3.0" GIS development platform and Delphi 7.0. Results: The following functions were implemented in the system: the realtime collection and monitoring, management and analysis, dissemination of SARS disease information, and assistant decision-making support for prevention against SARS disease. Conclusion: The system that integrates epidemiology theories and GIS techniques together can provide a scientific, efficient means for monitoring, prevention of SARS disease in the future.

  4. Discovery of Corallina fossil from the Middle Cambrian of Taijiang County,Guizhou Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Abundant and well-preserved macroalgae fossils have been discovered in silty mudstones and shales from the Middle Cambrian of Taijiang County,Guizhou Province,China.Corallina Paraamphiroa siniansis gen.et sp.nov.in the Kaili Fm.,is the earliest Corallina fossil,which usually coexists with other carbonaceous macroalgae fossils on the bedding planes of mudstone and shale and is different from the calcareous and phosphatized Precambrian-Cambrian thallus discovered in the Lower Cambrian of Siberia and the Doushantou phosphate rocks of Weng'an County,Guizhou Province,China.The discovery of calcified thallus in the Kaili Fm.bears great importance on the study of phylogeny and evolution of early calcareous macroalgae.

  5. Min Bei Irradiation Center. Food and Agriculture organization project experience, Jianou, Fujian Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a United Nations Organization, in an effort to increase food supplies by post harvest irradiation treatment, participated in the development of the Min Bei Irradiation Center (MBIC) located in Fujian Province, China. FAO in conjunction with Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research and Design Institute (SNERDI), MBIC staff, and the Ministry of Agriculture completed Project TCP CPR 6763/8961 culminating in the recent commissioning of one of China's newest irradiation facilities. From the feasibility phase initiated in 1986, through the construction period and the eventual commissioning in 1991, FAO participated in the technical overview of the irradiation center. MBIC was developed both as a research and development center as well as a production irradiation facility for the primary purpose of reduction of post harvest food loss in Fujian Province. This retrospective review of the project provides a hindsight view for the development of MBIC. (author)

  6. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Guangdong Province, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Juan; Lin, Xuhui; Zhang, Longxian; Qi, Nanshan; Liao, Shenquan; Lv, Minna; Wu, Caiyan; Sun, Mingfei

    2015-06-01

    To investigate the prevalence and assess the zoonotic transmission burden of Cryptosporidium species in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province, Southern China, 244 fecal samples were collected from four pigeon breeding farms between June 2012 and March 2013. Cryptosporidium oocysts were purified by Sheather's sugar flotation technique and characterized by DNA sequencing of small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene. Cryptosporidium species were determined by comparison of sequences with corresponding Cryptosporidium sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis using neighbor-joining (NJ) in MEGA5.2. The overall prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province was 0.82% (2/244). Two Cryptosporidium species, namely Cryptosporidium baileyi and Cryptosporidium meleagridis, were identified in Huizhou and Chaozhou farm, respectively. These findings confirmed the existence of C. meleagridis infection in domestic pigeons in China for the first time and provided base-line information for further studies to evaluate the public health risk from pigeon to human.

  7. Genetic Variation of 25 Y-Chromosomal and 15 Autosomal STR Loci in the Han Chinese Population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jun; Wang, Bao-jie

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated the genetic characteristics of 25 Y-chromosomal and 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 305 unrelated Han Chinese male individuals from Liaoning Province using AmpFISTR® Yfiler® Plus and IdentifilerTM PCR amplification kits. Population comparison was performed between Liaoning Han population and different ethnic groups to better understand the genetic background of the Liaoning Han population. For Y-STR loci, the overall haplotype diversity was 0.9997 and the discrimination capacity was 0.9607. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.4525 (DYS391) to 0.9617 (DYS385). Rst and two multi-dimensional scaling plots showed that minor differences were observed when the Liaoning Han population was compared to the Jilin Han Chinese, Beijing Han Chinese, Liaoning Manchu, Liaoning Mongolian, Liaoning Xibe, Shandong Han Chinese, Jiangsu Han Chinese, Anhui Han Chinese, Guizhou Han Chinese and Liaoning Hui populations; by contrast, major differences were observed when the Shanxi Han Chinese, Yunnan Bai, Jiangxi Han Chinese, Guangdong Han Chinese, Liaoning Korean, Hunan Tujia, Guangxi Zhuang, Gansu Tibetan, Xishuangbanna Dai, South Korean, Japanese and Hunan Miao populations. For autosomal STR loci, DP ranged from 0.9621 (D2S1338) to 0.8177 (TPOX), with PE distributing from 0.7521 (D18S51) to 0.2988 (TH01). A population comparison was performed and no statistically significant differences were detected at any STR loci between Liaoning Han, China Dong, and Shaanxi Han populations. The results showed that the 25 Y-STR and 15 autosomal STR loci in the Liaoning Han population were valuable for forensic applications and human genetics, and Liaoning Han was an independent endogenous ethnicity with a unique subpopulation structure. PMID:27483472

  8. The development and practices of Strategic Environmental Assessment in Shandong Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), a newly-developed decision-making support tool, has been used in many developed and developing countries for predicting and evaluating potential environmental impact of policies, plans, and programs (PPPs), as well as for providing alternatives to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these impacts. Unfortunately, due to the complexity and flexibility of SEA, to date there has been no consensus on a system which could be suitable for the contexts of different regions or countries. Different requirements and practices are observed in the different typical stages of SEA. Controversial areas include the appropriate indicators to apply in the early baseline setting stage, suitable methodologies for the impact assessment, and appropriate procedures for the SEA process. Given this, it is important to review and refine the SEA system specific to the context but informed by internationally agreed norms. As an illustration, this study reviews and proposes steps to refine the SEA system in Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, aiming to achieve sustainable development. Supported by the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, Shandong Province employed SEA to reform the traditionally economy-oriented decision-making and incorporate consideration of environmental consequences into government deliberation on proposed PPPs. This paper illustrates the developmental process, procedures, and legal support for SEA in Shandong Province. By analyzing five SEA cases carried out by Shandong Province Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Shandong University, problems in the SEA system were identified, and recommendations were made for improving the SEA system not only in Shandong Province but also other similar regions or countries.

  9. A report from a survey on food safety in human province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Yin, Qingfei; Yin, Xiangdong

    2010-01-01

    Food safety is one of the most concerned topics in China. To find the situation in food safety and to reveal consumers' perception and their attitude about food safety, we conducted a survey in Hunan Province of China. We find that consumers pay a great concern to food safety issues. Food safety plays very important role in consumers' food choice. After a series of special projects by the provincial goverment, the situation of food safety is greatly improved. But there are still some problems...

  10. The longevity of subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath Jiangsu-Anhui Region ——The Os isotope model age of mantle-derived peridotite xenoliths

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The basalt-borne peridotite xenoliths from Jiangsu-Anhui provinces were analyzed for whole rock Os isotopic compositions in two laboratories of USTC, China and CRPG, France, respectively. The 187Os/188Os ratio of the sample set ranges from 0.119 to 0.129 (25 samples, USTC)and from 0.117 to 0.131 (17 samples, CRPG). The Os isotopic compositions of most samples are less than 0.129 and depleted relatively to the primitive mantle, showing a good correlation with the major element compositions. With the 187Os/188Os-Al2O3 alumichron, the samples yield a model age of 2.5 ± 0.1 Ga (data of USTC) and 1.9 ± 0.1 Ga (data of CRPG), late Archean to early Proterozoic, The two samples with the lowest 187Os/188Os ratio (0.119 and 0.117) have the TRD (Re depleted age) of 1.1 Ga (USTC) and 1.4 Ga (CRPG), mid-Proterozoic. The Os isotope model age shows that the peridotite xenoliths from Cenozoic alkali basalt in Jiangsu-Anhui provinces have an old formation age (early- to mid- Proterozoic). They are not newly produced mantle after the Phanerozoic replacement of the lithosphere mantle, but residual fractions of Proterozoic mantle.

  11. Amphibole—Bearing Peridotite Xenoliths from Nushan,Anhui Province:Evidence for Melt Percolation Process in the Upper mantle and Lithospheric uplift

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐义刚; J.C.MERCIER

    1997-01-01

    The spinel peridotite xenoliths of Group I in Quaternary basanites from Nushan,Anhui province,can be classified as two suites:a hydrous suite characterized by the ubiquitous occurrence of (Ti-) pargasite and an anhydrous suite.The nineral chemistry reveals that the anhydrous suite and one associated phlogopite-bearing lherzolite are equilibrated under temperature conditions of 1000-1100℃,whereas amplhibole-bearing peridotites display distinct disequilibrum features,indicating partial reequilibration from 1050 to 850℃ and locally down to 750℃. The amplhbole-bearing peridotites were probably the uppermost part of the high temperature anhydrous suite which was modally modifed by fractionating H2O-rich metasomatic agent during regional upwelling.This relatively recent lithospheric uplift event followed an older uplift event recognized from pyroxene unmixing of domains in local equilibrium,as well as the dominant deformation texture in the anhydrous suite.The first thermal disturbance can be linked with the regional extension and widespread basaltic volcanism in Jiangsu-Anhui provinces since Early Tertiary and the formation of the nearby Subei(North Jiangsu) fault-depression basin during the Eocene,while the second event in association with the formation of amphiboles probably indicates the continuation but diminution of upwared mantle flux since Neogene in response to the change in tectonic regime for eastern china.

  12. 皖南旅游区乡村人居环境质量评价及影响分析%Evaluation of rural human settlement quality difference and its driving factors in tourism area of southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兴柱; 王群

    2013-01-01

    .By choosing the infrastructure,public service facilities,energy consumption structure,living conditions,and environmental sanitation as the evaluation factors,this study built an evaluation index system of the rural human settlement quality.Then,this paper presented an empirical analysis of rural human settlements in tourism area of southern Anhui Province,with the method of factor analysis,entropy method,and canonical correlation.Results show that the overall score of the quality presents "dual-core structure,the rise of central region and the collapse of the periphery" phenomenon.The infrastructure has the pattern of "triple-core structure and more dense than the south".The higher level spatial units are mainly located in Tunxi District,Qingyang County and northem part of the province.The public service facilities have the pattem of "dual-core structure".The mononuclear structure of energy consumption structure and living conditions were concentrated in Tunxi District.However,the core of environmental sanitation is mainly concentrated in Shexian and Ningguo counties.Meanwhile,a variety of influencing factors interact to determine quality of rural human settlements.The paper focused on natural environment,socio-economic development,tourism development,and regional culture.Based on the differences between their effective way and degree to quality of rural human settlements,these influencing factors are classified into positive and negative factors.Climatic conditions,poverty level and spatial distance have direct negative impact on quality of rural human settlements,while the remaining factors have direct positive impact.Natural environment and regional culture play a relatively stable role in rural human settlements evolution.Tourism development is a key driving force to generate the rural human settlement quality difference.Tourism development factors including the level of tourism economy,the endowment of tourism resources,tourism services and facilities,and tourism

  13. Cretaceous Volcanic Events in Southeastern Jilin Province, China: Evidence from Single Zircon U-Pb Ages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yuejun; SUN Chunlin; SUN Yuewu; SUN Wei

    2008-01-01

    Mesozoic volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province are an important component of the huge Mesozoic volcanic belt in the northeastern area. Study of the age of their formation is of great significance to recognize Mesozoic volcanic rule in northeastern China. Along with the research of rare Mesozoic biota and extensive Mesozoic mineralization in western Liaoning, a number of researchers have focused on Mesozoic volcanic events. The authors studied the ages of the Cretaceous volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province using single Zircon U-Pb. The result shows that the Sankeyushu Formation volcanic rocks in the Tonghua area are 119.2 Ma in age, the Yingcheng Formation in the Jiutai area 113.4±3.1 Ma, the Jinjiatun Formation in Pinggang Town of Liaoyuan City and the Wufeng volcanic rocks in the Yanji area 103.2±4.7 Ma and 103.6±1 Ma, respectively. Combined with the data of recent publication on volcanic rocks ages; the Cretaceous volcanic events in southeastern Jilin Province can be tentatively subdivided into three eruption periods: 119 Ma, 113 Ma and 103 Ma. The result not only provides important chronology data for subdividing Mesozoic strata in southeastern Jilin Province, establishing Mesozoic volcanic event sequence, discussing geological tectonic background, and surveying the relation between noble metals to the Cretaceous volcanic rocks, but also otters important information of Mesozoic volcanism in northeastern China.

  14. Mutation screening for thalassaemia in the Jino ethnic minority population of Yunnan Province, Southwest China

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Shiyun; Zhang, Rong; XIANG, GUANGXIN; Li, Yang; Hou, Xuhong; Jiang, Fusong; Jiang, Feng; Hu, Cheng; Jia, Weiping

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study aimed to detect α- and β-thalassaemia mutations in the Jino ethnic minority population of Yunnan Province, Southwest China. Design A total of 1613 Jino adults were continuously recruited from February 2012 to April 2012. Fasting venous blood samples were obtained to determine haematological variables. Haemoglobin analysis was conducted using high-performance liquid chromatography. Participants with hypochromic microcytic anaemia or positive haemoglobin analysis profiles ...

  15. Paleobiology of the Early Cambrian Yanjiahe Formation in Hubei Province of South China

    OpenAIRE

    Broce, Jesse

    2013-01-01

    Fossils recovered from limestones of the lower Cambrian (Stage 2-3) Yanjiahe Formation in Hubei Province, South China, recovered using acetic acid maceration, fracturing, and thin sectioning techniques were examined using a combination of analytical techniques, including energy dispersive spectroscopic (EDS) elemental mapping and micro-focus X-ray computed tomography (micro-CT). One important fossil recovered and analyzed with these techniques is a fossilized embryo. Fossilized animal embryos...

  16. An Analysis of Food Grain Consumption in Urban Jiangsu Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Zhihao; Henneberry, Shida Rastegari

    2010-01-01

    The impacts of economic and demographic variables on the demand for food grain commodities in urban Jiangsu province of China are estimated, using both the QUAIDS and the AIDS models. Results show that the demands for wheat flour and coarse grains are price-elastic while the demands for rice and grain products are price-inelastic. Certain demographic variables show as having a significant impact on food grain demand. Finally, a decomposition of causes of changes in rice consumption over the p...

  17. Identification and Characterization of Porcine Kobuvirus Variant Isolated from Suckling Piglet in Gansu Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Xianzhu Xia; Yuwei Gao; Yongkun Zhao; Chuan Qin; Zhijun Yu; Songtao Yang; Tiecheng Wang; Yuanguo Li; Yicong Yu; Ying Ying; Shengtao Fan; Zheng Wang; Xiaolong Gao; Heting Sun

    2013-01-01

    Kobuviruses comprise three species, the Aichivirus A, Aichivirus B, and Aichivirus C (porcine kobuvirus). Porcine kobuvirus is endemic to pig farms and is not restricted geographically but, rather, is distributed worldwide. The complete genomic sequences of four porcine kobuvirus strains isolated during a diarrhea outbreak in piglets in the Gansu province of China were determined. Two of these strains exhibited variations relative to the traditional strains. The potential 3C/3D cleavage sites...

  18. Situation of Diabetes and Related Disease Surveillance in Rural Areas of Jilin Province, Northeast China

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Wang; Peng Zhang; Xin Lv; Lingling Jiang; Chunshi Gao; Yuanyuan Song; Yaqin Yu; Bo Li

    2016-01-01

    Background: Several studies have investigated the prevalence and awareness of diabetes mellitus (DM) in China, but little is known about the situation of DM in the northeastern rural areas. Our present study investigated the prevalence, awareness and associated characteristics of DM in rural areas of Jilin Province, aiming to suggest more efforts for the prevention and control of DM. Methods: A multistage stratified random cluster sampling design was used in this cross-sectional study which t...

  19. Nonfarm activity and rural income inequality : a case study of two provinces in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Nong; Luo, Xubei

    2006-01-01

    Nonfarm activity plays an increasingly important role in rural household income. Based on data from the Living Standards Measurement Study in the provinces of Hebei and Liaoning, the authors study the distribution of nonfarm income in rural China. First, they assume nonfarm income as an exogenous transfer to total income to decompose the Gini index. Second, they assume nonfarm income as a potential substitute for farm income to take household choices into account and simulate household income...

  20. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy goats in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Jun-Yan; Li Jie; Tian Ting-Ting; Cao Duo-Yao; Shang Chuan-Chuan; Lei Li-Hui; Zhang Miao-Tao; Zhao Guang-Hui; Yao Yun-liang; Chen De-Kun; Zhu Xing-Quan

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Toxoplasma gondii is an important zoonotic pathogen causing significant human and animal health problems. Infection in dairy goats not only results in significant reproductive losses, but also represents an important source of human infection due to consumption of infected meat and milk. In the present study we report for the first time seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in Guanzhong and Saanen dairy goats in Shaanxi province, Northwestern China. Results Sera from 751 d...

  1. Exploring Stakeholder Perceptions of Facilitators and Barriers to Using Needle Exchange Programs in Yunnan Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Philbin, Morgan M; Zhang FuJie

    2014-01-01

    Injection drug use is an ongoing urban health crisis in China and one of the largest drivers of the transmission of HIV/AIDS. Sentinel surveillance sites in Yunnan province show upwards of 20% of injection drug users (IDUs) are HIV positive. Though the Ministry of Health has scaled-up needle exchange programs (NEPs), they have not received official government recognition nor have they been extensively evaluated to explore factors influencing their acceptability and feasibility. Using in-depth...

  2. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Meteorological Drought in Shandong Province, China, from 1961 to 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoli Wang; Xiyong Hou; Zhi Li; Yuandong Wang

    2014-01-01

    Shandong province is located in the northern part of China and tends to be a drought-prone region. This study is dedicated to making a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of the spatial patterns of drought frequency and its climate trend coefficient, drought grades, and temporal characteristics of drought coverage area, drought duration, and drought intensity from 1961 to 2008 by using the meteorological drought composite index (CI). The results indicated that the occurrence frequency of ...

  3. Factors influencing the decision to participate in medical premarital examinations in Hubei Province, Mid-China

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Peigang; Wang, Xiao; Fang, Min; VanderWeele, Tyler J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: To investigate the attitudes of premarital couples towards the premarital screening program after the abolition of compulsory screening in China and to study the factors influencing participation. Methods: Between July 1st 2010 to August 31st 2010, 650 people who registered for marriage at the civil affairs bureau of Wuhan, Suizhou, Zaoyang in Hubei province were studied using questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the factors influencing participation in the prem...

  4. Survey of coccidial infection of rabbits in Sichuan Province, Southwest China

    OpenAIRE

    Yin, Guangwen; Goraya, Mohsan Ullah; Huang, Juhui; Suo, Xun; Huang, Zhijian; Liu, Xianyong

    2016-01-01

    Coccidiosis is a challenging disease of wild and domestic rabbits both, caused by Eimeria and thereby leads enormous economic losses at rabbit farms. The present study carried out to survey the prevalence and intensity of coccidial infection among the rabbits in Sichuan Province, southwest China. A total of 110 faecal samples were collected from 11 farms situated in eight main rabbits rearing administrative regions. Oocysts in faecal samples were purified, sporulated and identified according ...

  5. Incentives for Participation by Local Communities in the Establishment of Commercial Plantations in Sichuan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The 1998 floods in China triggered the implementation of the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) which includes: (i) a logging ban over state-owned natural forests in order to protect the deteriorating natural environment, and (ii) strategies for the establishment of commercial plantations and relocation of laid-off forest workers, with the aim of mitigating the negative socioeconomic impacts of the logging ban. In this paper, Sichuan province is used as a case study to analyze the disincentives ...

  6. Strategic Marketing Plan for Local Characteristic Product : Case: Cheng Farm in Jiangxi Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Peng; Zhong, Xiaonan; Wu, Yunxia

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT Wei Peng, Wu Yunxia, Zhong Xiaonan 2011. Strategic Marketing Plan for Local Characteristic Product. Case study: Cheng farm in Jiangxi Province, China. Bachelor’s Thesis. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences. Business and Culture. Pages 62. Appendices 2. The objective of this thesis is to build a strategic marketing plan for the Cheng farm carrying a local characteristic product. We expect that the strategic marketing plan can help the case company extend their business...

  7. Geological characteristics of large gas provinces and large gas fields in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Based on the examination of the global researches on oil and gas provinces and large gas fields and the analysis of the features,attributes and distribution of large gas provinces and gas fields,this paper puts forward three indicators of determining large oil and gas provinces:spatial indicator,reservoir-forming indicator and resource indicator.It classifies the gas accumulated areas and large gas provinces in China and analyzes the controlling factors on the distribution of large gas provinces and large gas fields:the lateral distribution is mainly controlled by high-energy sedimentary facies and constructive diagenetic facies,palaeo-highs and their periclinal zones,deep faults,etc,and the vertical distribution is mainly controlled by unconformities,series of evaporates and deep low-velocity highly-conductive beds,etc.It also reveals the main geological characteristics of large gas provinces and large gas fields in China.Large gas fields in four-type basins have their own characteristics and onland large gas fields are dominantly developed in foreland basins and craton basins;there are three types of gas sources,of which,coal is the main source with high gas generating intensity and varying origins;reservoir rocks of the large gas fields(provinces)are of various types and dominated generally by low-middle permeability and porosity pore-type reservoirs;structural traps and litho-stratigraphic traps coexist in Chinese large gas fields and form dense high abundance and large-area low and middle-abundance large gas fields;most of the large gas fields have late hydrocarbon-generation peaks and reservoir formation,and experienced the process of multiple-stage charging and late finalization; large gas provinces(fields)have good sealing and preservation conditions,and evaporates seals are largely developed in large and extra-large gas fields.This paper intends to shed light on the exploration and development of large gas fields(provinces)through analyzing their

  8. Geochemistry of carbonatites in Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Cheng(许成); HUANG; Zhilong(黄智龙); LIU; Congqiang(刘丛强); QI; Liang(漆亮); LI; Wenbo(李文博); GUAN; Tao(管涛)

    2003-01-01

    Carbonatites in the Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, which are spatially and temporally associated with rare earth mineralization, were emplaced at the time of Himalayan. The rocks are carbonatite-syenite complexes, with the mineral assemblages of calcite-aegirine-acmite- arfvedsonite-mica-orthoclase. The rocks are characterized by the enrichment in incompatible elements, such as Sr, Ba and REE, with C and O isotopic compositions of the "primary igneous carbonatites", relatively high initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios and low ??Nd values. All of these suggest that the rocks were derived from the metasomatic enriched mantle. It is demonstrated by geological and geochemical evidence that the mixing of the Himalayan subducting crustal materials with mantle source EM1 is probably the main factor responsible for the formation of carbonatites. The carbonatite-syenite complexes were generated from liquid immiscibility of CO2-rich alkalic silicate magma, which was derived from partial melting of the metasomatic mantle.

  9. Testate amoebae communities from some freshwater and soil habitats in China (Hubei and Shandong Provinces)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatoly BOBROV; Yuri MAZEI; Viktor CHERNYSHOV; Yingchun GONG; Weisong FENG

    2012-01-01

    Seventy-eight species and forms of testate amoebae were identified from 29 freshwater and soil habitats in three territories of China (Shandong and Hubei Provinces).Most abundant species from the genera Plagiopyxis,Centropyxis and Trinema represent the globally-distributed and eurybiont group of testate amoebae.The species richness was observed to be the lowest (7-12 species per biotope) in sandy sediments of the Yangtze River,but considerably higher (20-30 taxa) in soil environment.In the range of terrestrial habitats,the most remote communities from Laoshan Mountain in Shandong Province,China manifested the highest difference from others.On the other hand,communities originated in the most distant from industrial center places (Guifeng Mountain in Hubei Province,China) possess the most peculiar species composition including specific Gondwanian taxa (e.g.Nebela bigibbosa).In sum,the results obtained provide the evidence that the community complexity and specificity reduce in the places located within areas that are highly populated and intensively visited by humans.

  10. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujie; Wei, Zhengzheng; Liu, Wenliang; Yao, Ling; Suo, Wenyu; Xing, Jingjing; Huang, Bingzhao; Jin, Di; Wang, Jiansheng

    2015-09-01

    According to the framework of "Pressure-State-Response", this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries). PMID:26371016

  11. CHARACTERISTICS OF CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE DURING THE PAST 50 YEARS IN JILIN PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Based on the monthly mean temperature, the changing processes and tendencies of temperature during1951-2000 in Jilin Province, which is in Northeast China, are analyzed. And the spatial characteristics of the changeare submitted. In the past 50 years the temperature of Jilin Province was increasing just like the other areas in the world.Since 1990, the increasing of temperature has been more obvious than that in the previous 40a. From the west to theeast, the province has larger temperature rising. According to Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of temperature field,Jilin Province is divided into 3 regions and the degree of becoming warmer is different from region to region. During theperiod of 1951 to 2000, the annual temperature in Jilin Province has been rising, so has the temperature in winter andsummer. The average temperature in the 1990s was 0. 5-2. 0℃ higher than that in the 1950s. From the west to theeast, the increasing of temperature became smaller.

  12. Tobacco knowledge among adults in Zhejiang Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Xu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to assess the level of tobacco knowledge, anti-tobacco messages and major information channels in Zhejiang. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 2112 adults in Zhejiang. Data on demographic information, smoking status, tobacco knowledge, anti-tobacco messages and major information channels was collected. RESULTS: The findings revealed that only 31.87% of the population were aware that smoking could cause all three diseases (stoke, heart disease, and lung cancer, 86.09% were aware that smoking causes lung cancer, 46.43% and 42.40% were aware that smoking causes stroke and heart attack, respectively. Residence and education level had significant effects on awareness, while the effects of smoking status, gender, age, and household monthly income were not significant. There were five major information channels as follows: television (67.52%, newspapers or magazines (40.79%, billboards (30.02%, public walls (24.72, and radio (23.79%. Respondents got the following anti-tobacco messages from mass media: "No smoking in public" (66.34%, "No smoking in front of other people" (35.18% and "Not offering cigarettes to one another" (22.82%. CONCLUSIONS: The tobacco knowledge among residents in Zhejiang province is relatively poor. Improved information channels and content of anti-tobacco messages are necessary to increase the public's tobacco knowledge, particularly among rural residents and people with less education.

  13. Forest biomass at Xiaolong Mountain in Gansu Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In order to accurately estimate the size of the carbon pool and the capacity of the carbon sink in the forested areas of Xiaolong Mountain in Gansu Province,we have established regression equations of organ biomass of eight tree species.We measured and investigated the biomass of different forest stand types based on data from 1259 standard sample plots and 836 standard sample trees.for eight types of forest stands on Xiaolong Mountain,are as follows:Quercus aliena var.acuteserrata 84.05,Pinus tabulaeformis 62.44,Quercus variabilis 81.77,Populus sp.and Betula sp.combined 77.44,Larix sp.69.00,Pinus armandii 70.07,Picea sp.96.49 and Abies sp.98.72.We also looked at other broad-leaved mixed forests.Our study shows that the biomass of a single tree of each tree species is closely related to the diameter at breast height (DBH) and to tree height.The biomass of single trees as well as stand volumes is closely related to average DBH,average tree height and to stand density.

  14. Assessment of the agricultural sustainability of Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Qian; Zhao Xueping

    2007-01-01

    It is significant for the study on the sustainable development of regional agriculture to monitor and measure the trend of agricultural development with an effective method. The sustainable development of regional agriculture should accord with regional population, rural economic development, social progress, resource and environmental support. This paper establishes the evaluating indicators system of sustainable development of regional agriculture,evaluates the agricultural sustainable development in Shaanxi Province with a comprehensive multi-indicator method,analyzes the support of resource and environment for regional agriculture by the resource-development index and the environment-development index, and gets the conclusion that the indicators, such as education level, the income gap between urban and rural residents, the per capita area under cultivation and the consumption of pesticides and chemical fertilizers per hectare, are the main factors to restrict agricultural sustainability, and that the pressure of the development of subsystems of population, economy and society on the subsystems of resource and environment turns out to be stronger and stronger. Agricultural environment gets better, but resource becomes one of the important factors to restrict the development of regional agriculture. In a word, this paper highlights the potentials and limitations of sustainable agriculture of Shaanxi and helps identify the development direction in the future.

  15. Characteristics of tailings from metal mines in Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yun-guo; ZHANG Hui-zhi; ZENG Guang-ming; HUANG Bao-rong; LI Xin; XU Wei-hua

    2005-01-01

    The tailing soils were from 10 mining areas in Hunan Province. To predict the potential impact of tailings on nearby environments, the characteristics such as the pH value, loss on ignition, cation exchange capacity, and the concentration and speciation of heavy metals in the tailings were investigated. Based on these characteristics, the pollution index and danger index were calculated so as to evaluate the priorities of remediation. The results show that the concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn exceed the tolerable levels of the phytotoxicity in the most tailings. The large proportion of heavy metals exists in the form of residual fraction in most tailings, followed by sulfides/organic and Fe/Mn oxide fractions, and a little in the exchangeable and carbonate fraction. The calculated pollution indices for the tailing samples range from 1.41 to 83.42, which indicates that all the tailings contain heavy metals at a level that causes toxicity to the ecosystem. The danger indices for the tailing samples range from 0.06 to 387.00. The highest value of the danger indices is that of Yongzhou sample, reaching 387.00; the lowest one is that of Xikuangshan sample, only 0.06. Considering the results of pollution index and danger index in combination, the priority of remediation is determined to be Yongzhou, Baoshan, Xiangtan and Lengshuijiang.

  16. Prevalence and genotyping of Giardia duodenalis isolated from sheep in Henan Province, central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haiyan; Qi, Meng; Zhang, Kaifang; Li, Junqiang; Huang, Jianying; Ning, Changshen; Zhang, Longxian

    2016-04-01

    Giardia duodenalis is a gastrointestinal protozoan that infects sheep. It is a well-known zoonotic pathogen and sheep have been implicated as a source of human infection. However, there have been few studies of its potential threat to public health in China. We used a multilocus analysis of the beta-giardin (bg), glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh), and triose phosphate isomerase (tpi) genes to examine the occurrence and genotype distribution of G. duodenalis in sheep in China. In total, 716 fresh faecal specimens, including 89 from pre-weaned lambs (3months old) from nine intensive sheep farms in Henan Province, China, were examined for Giardia cysts with microscopy. Of these specimens, 6.65% (47/716; 99% CI: 6.2%-6.92%) from five farms were positive for G. duodenalis. The infection rate was significantly higher in pre-weaned lambs than in post-weaned sheep (12.36% versus 5.74%, respectively; Pgiardiasis in human and sheep in Henan province, central China. PMID:26861620

  17. Top Management Team Pay Inequity and Its Impact on Corporate Performance-Based on the Analysis of the Listed Companies in Anhui Province%高管团队薪酬不公平程度及其对公司绩效的影响--基于安徽上市公司的经验分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周泽炯; 史本山; 虞鲲

    2014-01-01

    文章以安徽上市公司为例研究公司高管团队核心成员与非核心成员之间薪酬不公平程度及其对公司绩效的影响。首先,构建公司高管团队薪酬不公平程度指标,提出高管投入差异和薪酬不公平程度的研究假说。然后,运用2006-2012年安徽上市公司的非平衡面板数据,求出公司高管团队薪酬不公平程度并检验研究假说。最后,对安徽上市公司高管团队薪酬不公平程度和公司绩效之间关系进行了实证研究。研究结果显示,高管团队薪酬不公平程度和公司绩效之间关系处于倒“U”型曲线的上升区域,且接近倒“U”形曲线的顶点位置。%The paper studies the pay gap between core members and non-core members of top management team and its im⁃pact on corporate performance based on the evidence from the listed companies in Anhui province. Firstly, it constructs the indicators of pay inequity of the company’s top management team and puts forward the research hypothesis of pay differenc⁃es and inequity. Secondly, using the non-balance panel data of listed companies in Anhui province during the year of 2006 to 2012, it calculates the pay inequity of top management team and tests the research hypothesis. Finally, it carries out an empirical analysis on the relationship between the pay inequity of top management team and corporate performance of the listed companies in the province. The results show that the relationship between them is in the rising area of the inverted“U”shaped curve, and closes to the vertex position of the“U”shaped curve.

  18. Measuring service quality of online banking in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yitian

    2013-01-01

    Objectives of study: The objective of this thesis is to develop a multiple item scale for measuring service quality of online banking in Bozhou City, Anhui Province, China. Briefly speaking, the first theoretical objective of this study is to discuss concept e-service quality as well as related e-service quality models, especially E-S-QUAL/E-RecS-QUAL (Parasuraman et al. 2005).The second objective is to define and establish one suitable multiple e-service item scale for China with the h...

  19. Geotourism Aspects of the Lufeng Dinosaur National Geopark in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daněk Tomáš

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lufeng Dinosaur National Geopark in Yunnan province, China, is important part of geoheritage with a great scientific and aesthetic value. The area has been under scientific research since 1938 when the first dinosaur fossils were discovered here by geologist Bian Meinian and technician Wang Cunyi. Professor Yang announced the discovery of new early Jurassic herbivore prosauropod by Lufeng in 1941, which he gave the name Lufengosaurus huenei. In 2004, the area was listed as the China`s National Geopark. It was opened for visitors in 2008. Besides the high scientific value, the geopark is also an important resource for science based and educational tourism. This paper briefly introduces the history of scientific research, the basic geology of the site and the most important fossils discovered here. The main characteristics, geodiversity, and geotourism of fossil geoheritage in the area are discussed here.

  20. Thrips species diversity in urban green spaces of Hangzhou (Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mirab-balou

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research was conducted on the fauna of Thysanoptera in the urban green spaces of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, during 2008- 2012. The thrips were collected in different plant communities (mainly in parks in the city. A total of 26 species from 19 genera in three different families were collected, among them Scolothrips latipennis Priesner, which is newly recorded for the fauna of China. New distribution records of seven species in China are reported. Results of the research indicate that the fauna of thrips of green areas of Hangzhou was quite abundant and diversified, and the occurrence of Selenothrips, Scirtothrips, Thrips, Frankliniella and Haplothrips species seems diverse and should be investigated further.

  1. 白背飞虱的迁飞生物学:安徽潜山个例分析%Migratory biology of the white-backed planthopper Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) :Case studies in Qianshan, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 程遐年; 翟保平; 郑大兵; 赵习; 王丽; 徐杨洋; 齐国君; 徐劲峰; 吴彩玲; 张孝羲

    2011-01-01

    通过田间系统调查与雌虫卵巢系统解剖研究了2008-2010年潜山混作稻区白背飞虱Sogatella furcifera(Horváth)的种群动态以及各发生世代的虫源性质,并结合2005年以来的灯诱及田间普查资料分析了造成不同年份白背飞虱种群消长态势差异性的主要原因.结果表明:(1)第3、4代白背飞虱分别在8月初和9月上中旬有2个发生高峰期,其中第3代主害单季中稻,第4代主害双季晚稻.(2)单季中稻和双季晚稻田白背飞虱各发生世代的虫源性质有所不同,中稻田四(2)代后期、五(3)代前期属于本地滞留、部分迁出,五(3)代后期属于大部迁出、少量滞留为害;而晚稻田五(3)代后期为基本迁入型,六(4)代前期为本地繁殖、少量迁出型,六(4)代后期大部迁出.(3)前期迁入虫量会影响田间2、3代种群数量,中稻田第3代滞留虫量的多少是影响双晚田后期发生量的重要因素,而降雨、温度等气象因子则是影响主害代(第3代)种群迁出与滞留的关键因子.%The population dynamics and characteristics of the white-backed planthopper Sogalella furcifera ( Horvath) ( WBPH ) in a mixed cropping rice region in Qianshan, Anhui Province, were studied through systematic investigation of population density and female ovarian maturity from 2008 to 2010. The main causes for the generational and annual variation in population dynamics were analyzed in combination with data from daily light-trap catches and field surveys conducted since 2005. The following results were obtained : (1) WBPH had two main density peaks which occur in early August and mid September during the 3rd and 4th generations, respectively. The 3rd generation, which comprises the first peak of infestation, mainly damaged single-cropped rice fields whereas the 4th generation affected double-cropped, lateseason rice fields. (2) The population characteristics of each generation of WBPH in single-cropped mid-season rice fields

  2. 2009-2011年安徽省五河县疟疾流行特征分析%Malaria epidemiologic characteristics in Wuhe County of Anhui Province from 2009 to 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 夏立环; 方强; 陶志勇; 焦玉萌; 夏惠; 孙新

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the malaria epidemiologic characteristics in Wuhe County, Anhui Province from 2009 to 2011, so as to provide the evidence for formulating effective malaria control and prevention interventions. Methods The data of malaria cases from the reporting system and malaria epidemiological investigations were collected and analyzed statistically in Wuhe County from 2009 to 2011. Results The total number of malaria cases was 349 in Wuhe County from 2009 to 2011, and the incidence showed a downtrend. The sex ratio of patients was 1.42: 1 (205 males vs. 144 females). The ranks of patient age groups were 11-20 years old at the first and 31-40 at the second, and the youngest was 1 year old, and the oldest was 100 years old. The seasonal factor was observed clearly, malaria cases were rare during the period of January to March, the case numbers increased in April and reached the peak during the period of June to September, and the cases from November to December accounted for only 2.01% of the total cases. Among the 349 patients, there were only 2 patients (0.57% ) living in urban areas and the rest 347 patients (99.43%) all living in rural areas. The incidence of the urban population was 0.08/10 000, and it was significantly lower than that of the rural population (1.78/10 000, P < 0.05). The highest incidences occurred in hill townships, ZhudingTown and Xiaoxi Town, the annual incidences were 5.53/10 000 and 4.78/10 000, respectively. The cases in hill townships accounted for 36.10% of the total cases. The most patients in these areas lived in brick or cement buildings without mosquito-proof doors or windows. They preferred sleeping outside during summer, and were generally lack of the malaria prevention knowledge. Conclusion In Wuhe County, the malaria incidence is decreasing year by year, and the epidemiologic factors are related to the living conditions, mosquito-proof facility using, sleeping habit, and malaria awareness of the residents.%目的

  3. Study on the medical staff flow of township hospital in Anhui Province%安徽省乡镇卫生院卫生技术人员流动现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 陈健伟; 丁宏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the staff status and characteristics of medical staff flow in township hospital.Methods 8 counties in the north, middle and south of Anhui Province (3, 3 and 2 respectively) were randomly selected as investigate sites, and 5 random township hospitals were investigated in each county. Self-made questionnaires were used to collect data by asking key-figuers and looking up original materials locally. Results The annual inflow rate among the respondents was 3.8% ~5.9%, while the outflow rate was 2.0% ~4.6%. Of the influent people, males occupied 43.7%, people under 30 years old took up 74.1%, individuals with diplomas from college and graduated from technical secondary school were 49.7 % and 43.1% respectively, 51.3 % of this group did not have job titles, 41.1% were doctors and 35.5 % were nurses, 62.4% joined via open recruitment. Meanwhile, in the effluent group, males occupied 41.0 %,people under 30 held 34.5%, people with college diplomas and graduated from secondary school covered 35.3% and 52.5 %, 5.8 % did not have job titles, doctors and nurses were 54.7 % and 18.0 % respectively, 36.0% left to higher level hospitals. Conclusions The scale of medical staff increases evenly and slightly. However, the work experience and professional competence of effluent group are higher than the influent group. While the construction of positions shows that the view of attaching more importance to treatment while looking down prevention still existed in township hospitals.%目的 了解乡镇卫生院卫生技术人员流动现况及特征.方法 分别在皖北、皖中、皖南地区随机抽取3、3、2个共计8个县为调查现场,在每个县随机抽取5个乡镇卫生院为调查对象,运用自制调查表,通过询问关键知情人、查阅现场原始资料等方法收集资?结果 2006-2008年被调查乡镇卫生院卫生技术人员年流入率为3.8%~5.9%,年流出率为2.0%~4.6%,

  4. 皖南新元古代花岗闪长岩地球化学特征及构造环境%Geochemical characteristics and tectonic setting of Neoproterozoic granodiorites in South Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁望飞; 支利庚; 蔡连友; 李永成; 徐生发; 王邦民

    2012-01-01

    皖南新元古代花岗闪长岩沿祁门-歙县-三阳深断裂呈串珠状出露。本文在对其岩石学、地球化学细致分析的基础上,探讨了岩体的岩石成因和产出环境。皖南新元古代花岗闪长岩主要由石英、钾长石和斜长石组成,普遍含富铝矿物黑云母和堇青石,副矿物包括锆石、磷灰石、钛铁矿、独居石、磷钇矿、极少的磁铁矿等。地球化学分析数据显示,岩石总体具高硅、高钾、高铝和低钠、低镁、低钙的特征;岩石富碱(ALK=6.63%),高K2O/Na2O比值(1.33)。里特曼指数δ为0.8~2.91,碱度率AR为1.56~3.14,属高钾钙碱性系列。岩石铝饱和指数(A/CNK-1.31)大于1.1,具强过铝质S型花岗岩的特征。岩石稀土元素呈轻稀土富集、重稀土亏损的特征,∑LREE/∑HREE比值为5.36~8.36,具较强的负铕异常(δEu=0.39~0.7),配分模式为右倾“V”字形态;微量元素明显富集Rb、Th而亏损Ba、Nb、Ta、Sr等,为低Sr高Yb型花岗岩。地球化学特征显示其岩浆源于围岩-中元古代牛屋组浅变质千枚岩的部分熔融,反映陆-陆碰撞挤压造山环境,为晋宁运动晚期华夏板块向北俯冲与扬子板块碰撞造山的火山弧产物。%Neoproterozoic granodiorites in South Anhui Province are developed along Qimen-Shexian-Sanyang deep fracture and outcropped in the form of beaded veins. This paper studied petrographical and geochemi- cal characteristics of these granodiorites as well as its petrogenesis and tectonic setting. These granodior- ites mainly consist of quartz, potash feldspar, plagioelase, biotite and cordierite with minor accessory min- erals of zircon, apatite, ilmenite, monazite, xenotime. Geochemical analyses show that the granodiorites have high contents of SiO2, K2O, Al2O3 and total alkal (ALK=6.63%), but relatively low contents of Na2O, MgO, CaO. The ratios of K2O/Na2O (1.33

  5. 安徽巢湖地区中二叠统栖霞组灰岩中燧石成因%Origin of Nodular Cherts in Limestones in Middle Permian Qixia Formation,Chaohu,Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨锐; 李红; 柳益群; 雷川; 雷云; 冯诗海

    2014-01-01

    安徽省巢湖地区中二叠统栖霞组以发育一套滨海沼泽-浅海碳酸盐台地环境为主的细碎屑岩至碳酸盐岩沉积建造为特征,灰岩中常见结核状及条带状燧石。燧石多为椭球状和串珠状,部分燧石与灰岩间发育宽约0.5 cm的过渡带。镜下观察灰岩为微晶生物碎屑灰岩;过渡带也多由微晶方解石组成,多数钙质生物壳体被石英充填或半充填,扫描电镜下可见方解石微溶、石英充填溶孔的现象;燧石主要为隐晶及微晶石英,生物碎屑类型与灰岩中基本一致,且多被石英交代。岩石学特征表明死亡的生物在腐烂降解过程中形成的有机酸抑制了碳酸钙的沉淀,并使部分生物碎屑及灰泥发生溶蚀,胶质二氧化硅沉淀,形成燧石结核。燧石中w(Al)/w(Al+Fe+Mn)平均值为0.63,远大于热水沉积硅质岩的最大值0.35;Fe/Ti平均值为9.5,小于热水成因的最小值20;Al-Fe-Mn三角图投点位于非热液成因区域;燧石中Al2 O3含量平均值为0.20%,远高于MgO、Na2 O、K2 O的含量。分析认为,该区燧石结核的二氧化硅可能来源于陆源物质。%The Middle Permian Qixia Formation in Chaohu area,Anhui Province,was mainly composed of fine-grained clastic rocks and limestones which were deposited in the coastal marsh and carbonate platform. Limestones were characterized by nodular and banded cherts.Most of cherts were axiolitic and moniliform in outcrops.Among some cherts and limestones developed transitional belts with 0.5 cm width around cherts.The limestones were composed of packstone and wackestone which consisted mainly of fragments of fossils and micro-crystalline calcite through polarizing microscope observation.The transitional belts were mainly composed of mi-crites and the aragonite-shell fragments which were replaced or half replaced by quartz prior to the micrites. Meanwhile the amorphous silica was found to be

  6. 皖南皮园村组硅岩的沉积古地理环境及其演化%Sedimentary paleogeographic environment and the evolvement of the Piyuancun chert in Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常华进; 陈雅丽; 刘洪舟; 冯连君; 黄晶

    2014-01-01

    The black Piyuancun chert in Southern Anhui Province was deposited in terminal ediacaran to early cambrian transition period (about 550–532 Ma). The w(Ce)/w(Ce*) and w(LaN)/w(CeN) of the Piyuancun chert samples were 0.68–1.08 (avg. 0.85) and 0.56–1.52 (avg. 1.10), respectively, which indicates that the chert was deposited in the continental margin. Chert samples from the lower part and the upper part of the Lantian section have different rare earth elements (REE) patterns: REE concentrations for chert samples in the lower section are low relative to post-Archean Australian shale (PAAS), and their REE patterns are similar to that of the modern seawater, indicating that the influence of terrigenous detrital has been trivial. Although REE patterns for the chert samples in the upper section maintain some seawater characteristics, such as negative Ce anomaly and positive Y anomaly, they have flat REE patterns that are similar to PAAS, and their REE concentrations are close to that of PAAS, indicating that the influence of terrigenous detrital has been huge. Al2O3 content also displays the characteristics that the content are low in the lower section (0.03%–0.94%, avg. 0.41%) and are high in the upper section (0.74%–5.04%, avg. 2.98%). These geochemical characteristics show that the Piyuancun chert was probably deposited in the continental margin, and the water column became shallow (from basin margin to slope) for regression. The depth of the water column in which the Piyuancun chert deposited probably prompted the water column redox condition to change, and therefore affected the survival, evolution and distribution of early life.%皖南蓝田剖面皮园村组为一套埃迪卡拉纪−寒武纪过渡期(约550∼532 Ma)沉积的黑色硅岩.皮园村组硅岩样品的w(Ce)/w(Ce*)为0.68∼1.08(平均0.85), w(LaN)/w(CeN)为0.56∼1.52(平均1.10),指示它们可能形成于大陆边缘环境.剖面下部与剖面上部样品具有明显不同的稀土

  7. 皖北普通高校开设舞龙舞狮课的可行性%The Feasibility of Dragon Dance Lion Dance Classes at Ordinary Universities in North Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明龙; 付荣

    2014-01-01

    The feasibility of setting dragon dance and lion dance courses was studied based on the survey results of the number ,the job title and the educational background distribution of the teachers and the students’ learning interests at six universities in North Anhui ,which provided basis of developing dragon and lion dance activities and will pro‐mote the activities carrying out further at universities in North Anhui .%以皖北六所高校的学生为研究对象,并根据这些高校里任舞龙舞狮课教师的数量、职称和学历分布及学生的学习兴趣等调查结果,对开设舞龙舞狮课的可行性进行了研究,从而为开展舞龙舞狮运动提供了依据,以促进舞龙舞狮运动的在皖北高校更好地开展。

  8. 安徽民办高校国际化发展战略研究%Research on the Strategy of Internationalized Develop-ment of Private Universities in Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程宏云; 吕新生; 赵倩青

    2013-01-01

    With the increasing economic globalization, universi-ties have put international perspective, innovative spirit and adapting economic globalization as their objectives in talent cul-tivation. To achieve the objectives, many famous private universi-ties in China have already begun their attempt in globalization. But for Anhui Province which is in the middle area of China, few people talk about how private universities should begin their globalization. This article aims to analyze the recent development of private universities globalization in Anhui Province, and put forward suggestions for the further development.%随着经济全球化的不断发展,大学已经将培养国际视野和创新精神,并适应经济全球化发展作为人才培养的目标。为实现这一目标,国内知名的民办高校已经开始了国际化的尝试。而对于地处中部地区的安徽省,民办高校国际化如何开展却鲜有人提及。本文旨在分析安徽民办高校国际化的发展情况,提出促进下一步发展的若干对策。

  9. Spatiotemporal analysis of indigenous and imported dengue fever cases in Guangdong province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhongjie

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue fever has been a major public health concern in China since it re-emerged in Guangdong province in 1978. This study aimed to explore spatiotemporal characteristics of dengue fever cases for both indigenous and imported cases during recent years in Guangdong province, so as to identify high-risk areas of the province and thereby help plan resource allocation for dengue interventions. Methods Notifiable cases of dengue fever were collected from all 123 counties of Guangdong province from 2005 to 2010. Descriptive temporal and spatial analysis were conducted, including plotting of seasonal distribution of cases, and creating choropleth maps of cumulative incidence by county. The space-time scan statistic was used to determine space-time clusters of dengue fever cases at the county level, and a geographical information system was used to visualize the location of the clusters. Analysis were stratified by imported and indigenous origin. Results 1658 dengue fever cases were recorded in Guangdong province during the study period, including 94 imported cases and 1564 indigenous cases. Both imported and indigenous cases occurred more frequently in autumn. The areas affected by the indigenous and imported cases presented a geographically expanding trend over the study period. The results showed that the most likely cluster of imported cases (relative risk = 7.52, p  Conclusions This study demonstrated that the geographic range of imported and indigenous dengue fever cases has expanded over recent years, and cases were significantly clustered in two heavily urbanised areas of Guangdong province. This provides the foundation for further investigation of risk factors and interventions in these high-risk areas.

  10. 江苏、河南、安徽和山东四省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的敏感性监测%Monitoring of sensitivity of Rhizoctonia cerealis to jinggangmycin in Jiangsu, Henan, Anhui and Shandong Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海燕; 丁晓菲; 杜文珍; 李伟; 陈怀谷

    2011-01-01

    采用菌丝生长速率法监测了1984、2001和2010年江苏省小麦纹枯病菌Rhizoctonia cerealis对井冈霉素的敏感性变化趋势,以及2010年河南、安徽和山东3省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的敏感性现状.结果表明:1984、2001和2010年江苏省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的EC50值范围分别为0.31 ~0.87、0.05 ~1.21和0.20 ~ 1.09 μg/mL,26年间江苏省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的敏感性未发生显著性变化;2010年河南、安徽和山东3省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的EC50值范围分别为0.15~1.16、0.43 ~0.90和0.09~1.33 μg/mL,4省小麦纹枯病菌对井冈霉素的敏感性相互间差异不显著.井冈霉素仍然可以作为防治小麦纹枯病的主要药剂.%The sensitivity of Rhizoctonia cerealis populations collected in 1984,2001 and 2010 from Jiangsu Province to jinggangmycin was surveyed to monitor the trend in resistance of R. Cereals, and the sensitivity of isolates collected from Shandong, Henan and Anhui Provinces were also surveyed in 2010. EC50 value of isolates in 1984 ranged from 0.31 to 0. 87 μg/mL, from 0. 05 to 1. 21 μg/mL in 2001 ,and from 0.20 to 1.09 μg/mL in 2010. There was no significant difference in sensitivity of R. Cerealis populations to jinggangmycin during 26 years in Jiangsu Province. EC,,, value of isolates in Henan Province ranged from 0.15 to 1.16 μg/mL,from 0.09 to 1.33 μg/mL in Shandong Province, and from 0. 43 to 0. 90μg/mL in Anhui Province. There was also no significant difference in sensitivity of isolates from four provinces in 2010. These results indicated that jinggangmycin can be used as major fungicide to control wheat sharp eyespot in future.

  11. A Newly Discovered Epidemic Area of Echinococcus multilocularis in West Gansu Province in China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Han

    Full Text Available Alveolar echinococcosis (AE is a lethal parasitic disease. In Gansu Province of China, all AE cases reported in literature were from Zhang and Min Counties, the southern part of the province. Here, we report the discovery of nine AE cases and one cystic echinococcosis (CE case from Nanfeng Town of Minle County, in the middle of Hexi Corridor in west Gansu Province. The diagnosis of these cases were confirmed by serology, histopathology, computed tomography, B-ultrasound, immunohistochemistry method, DNA polymerase chain reaction and sequencing analysis. Because eight of nine AE cases came from First Zhanglianzhuang (FZLZ village, we conducted preliminary epidemiological analyses of 730 persons on domestic water, community and ecology such as 356 dogs' faeces of FZLZ, in comparison with those of other five villages surrounding FZLZ. Our studies indicate that Nanfeng Town of Minle County is a newly discovered focus of AE in China as a CE and AE co-epidemic area. Further research of Echinococcus multilocularis transmission pattern in the area should be carried for prevention of this parasitic disease.

  12. A Newly Discovered Epidemic Area of Echinococcus multilocularis in West Gansu Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jian; Bao, Genshu; Zhang, Duoqiang; Gao, Pengcheng; Wu, Tinjun; Craig, Philip; Giraudoux, Patrick; Chen, Xiao; Xin, Qi; He, Lili; Chen, Gen; Jing, Tao

    2015-01-01

    Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a lethal parasitic disease. In Gansu Province of China, all AE cases reported in literature were from Zhang and Min Counties, the southern part of the province. Here, we report the discovery of nine AE cases and one cystic echinococcosis (CE) case from Nanfeng Town of Minle County, in the middle of Hexi Corridor in west Gansu Province. The diagnosis of these cases were confirmed by serology, histopathology, computed tomography, B-ultrasound, immunohistochemistry method, DNA polymerase chain reaction and sequencing analysis. Because eight of nine AE cases came from First Zhanglianzhuang (FZLZ) village, we conducted preliminary epidemiological analyses of 730 persons on domestic water, community and ecology such as 356 dogs' faeces of FZLZ, in comparison with those of other five villages surrounding FZLZ. Our studies indicate that Nanfeng Town of Minle County is a newly discovered focus of AE in China as a CE and AE co-epidemic area. Further research of Echinococcus multilocularis transmission pattern in the area should be carried for prevention of this parasitic disease. PMID:26186219

  13. A path analysis of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Hubei Province is one of the critical grain production regions in China with the quantitative cultivated land and good natural condition; it plays an important role in grain security in China. However, owing to rapid economic growth, population pressures, anthropogenic activities, and natural disasters, the quality of the cultivated land has significantly decreased in recent years and environmental resources are under increasing stress. In order to research on the mechanism of the change of the cultivated land, this paper analyzes qualitatively the influencing factors of the cultivated land change in Hubei