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Sample records for anhui province china

  1. Review and Prospect on Japonica Hybrid Rice Research in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Cheng-quan; WANG Shou-hai; WANG De-zheng; LUO Yan-chang; ZHANG Pei-jiang; WU Shuang; DU Shi-yun; XU Chuan-wan

    2005-01-01

    The breeding history and commercial exploitation of japonica hybrid rice in Anhui Province, China over the last threedecades were reviewed. Besides, the bottleneck problems restricting the development of japonica hybrid rice in China weresummarized, and corresponding technological countermeasures were proposed.

  2. Occurrence of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae

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    Jie Fang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of anophthalmic ground beetles belonging to the subfamily Trechinae are described: Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites parvus Tian & Li, sp. n. and Wanoblemus wui Tian & Fang, gen. n., sp. n. Both were discovered in the limestone caves of Anhui Province in eastern China. C. (Z. parvus was found in caves Ziwei Dong, Xianren Dong and Qingtai Dong, whereas W. wui was discovered in cave Baiyun Dong. This is the first record of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China.

  3. Epidemiological survey of cryptosporidiosis in Anhui Province China

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    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Bo-Rong Pan

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention and controlling of cryptosporidiosis, the infection of Cryptosporidium parvum and its epidemiological characteristics were studied in some areas of Anhui Province.METHODS: The oocyst of Cryptosporidium parvum in 5421fresh stool samples from eleven areas of Anhui Provincewas tested by auramine-phenol stain and improved anti-acidstain respectively. The specific antibody of IgG, IgM and Tsubsets of 41 patients with positive Cryptosporidium parvumin stools were detected by ELISA and biotin-streptavidin(BSA) respectively.RESULTS: The total infective rate of Cryptosporidiumparvum was 1.33 % (74/5421). Among them, the positiverates of oocyst in the areas of Huaibei (1. 82 % ) and Fuyang( 1. 80 % ) were higher. The positive rates of oocyst in stoolsof infants, pupils, middle school students, collegestudents, adults, patients with diarrhea, and those withimmunodeficiency were 3.15 % (28/889), 0.82 % (9/1098), 0.82 %(9/1092), 0.83 %(8/969), 0.85 % (9/1095), 2.88 %(8/27g) and 8.33 %(3/36) % respectively. The positive rates ofoocyst in infants and the patients with diarrhea andimmunodeficiency were significantly higher than those incontrols ( P < 0.01 ). The positive rate of oocyst in maleswas similar to that in females ( P> 0.05). The positive rateof oocyst in urban areas ( 1. 13 %) was significantly lowerthan those in rural areas ( 1. 72 %, P < 0.01 ). The positiverates of specific IgG, IgM and IgG + IgM in sera of thepatients with positive oocyst in stool were 63.4 % ( 26/41 ),17.1% (7/41), 19.5 % (8/41) respectively. The numberfractions of T subsets of CD3 + , CD4 + , CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + of the patients were 0.66 ± 0.07, 0.44 ± 0.06, 0.28 ± 0.04 and 1. 58 ± 0.32 respectively. The difference between thepatients and the controls was significant ( P < 0. 05). Themain manifestations of the patients were subclinicalinfection, in forms of slight abdominal pain, mild diarrhea,and loose stool.CONCLUSION: There are

  4. Spatio-temporal transmission and environmental determinants of Schistosomiasis Japonica in Anhui Province, China.

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    Yi Hu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Schistosomiasis japonica still remains of public health and economic significance in China, especially in the lake and marshland areas along the Yangtze River Basin, where the control of transmission has proven difficult. In the study, we investigated spatio-temporal variations of S. japonicum infection risk in Anhui Province and assessed the associations of the disease with key environmental factors with the aim of understanding the mechanism of the disease and seeking clues to effective and sustainable schistosomiasis control.Infection data of schistosomiasis from annual conventional surveys were obtained at the village level in Anhui Province, China, from 2000 to 2010 and used in combination with environmental data. The spatio-temporal kriging model was used to assess how these environmental factors affected the spatio-temporal pattern of schistosomiasis risk. Our results suggested that seasonal variation of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI, seasonal variation of land surface temperature at daytime (LSTD, and distance to the Yangtze River were negatively significantly associated with risk of schistosomiasis. Predictive maps showed that schistosomiasis prevalence remained at a low level and schistosomiasis risk mainly evolved along the Yangtze River. Schistosomiasis risk also followed a focal spatial pattern, fluctuating temporally with a peak (the largest spatial extent in 2005 and then contracting gradually but with a scattered distribution until 2010.The fitted spatio-temporal kriging model can capture variations of schistosomiasis risk over space and time. Combined with techniques of geographic information system (GIS and remote sensing (RS, this approach facilitates and enriches risk modeling of schistosomiasis, which in turn helps to identify prior areas for effective and sustainable control of schistosomiasis in Anhui Province and perhaps elsewhere in China.

  5. Marriage Squeeze and Intergenerational Support in Contemporary Rural China: Evidence from X County of Anhui Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Xiaoyi; Guo, Qiuju; Feldman, Marcus W

    2015-01-01

    With China's gender imbalance and increasingly severe male marriage squeeze, patterns of intergenerational support in rural areas are likely to undergo significant change. Using data from a survey of four towns from X county in Anhui province carried out in 2008, this article analyzes the effects of sons' marital status on intergenerational support. Random-effect regression analysis shows that son's marital status has strong effects on financial support to and coresidence with parents. Compared with married sons, older unmarried sons (so-called forced bachelors) tend to provide less financial support to their parents and are more likely to live with their parents. Parents' support of sons, as well as the parents' own needs and sons' capabilities all affect the support provided by sons. These results show that both theories of exchange and altruism are simultaneously relevant in the context of the marriage squeeze of contemporary rural China.

  6. Archaeopteris halliana from the Late Devonian(Famennian) of Anhui Province,China

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    GUO Yun; WANG Deming

    2009-01-01

    New materials from the Upper Devonian(Famennian)Wutong Formation of Chizhou District,Anhui Province,South China,allow description of fertile and sterile characters of Archaeopteris halliana.This plant has penultimate axes attached by sterile leaves and paired ultimate branches in the same ontogenetic spiral.Sterile leaves are narrowly cuneate in shape and bear distal margins dissected deeply.These leaves are spirally arranged on sterile ultimate axes.Non-laminated sporophyllls occur spirally on the ultimate axes and bifurcate once or twice.Elongate sporangia with longitudinal dehiscence are borne adaxially below or above the dividing points of the sporophylis.Despite the leaf shape resembling that of Archaeopteris macilenta,our plant is assigned to A.halliana because of its non-laminated sporophylls.Fertile characters should be given priority or enough consideration in identifying species of Archaeopteris.

  7. Commelina communis L.:Copper Hyperaccumulator Found in Anhui Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANGSHIRONG; HUANGCHANGYONG; 等

    1997-01-01

    Commelina communis L. growing over some new copper mining wastelangds at Bijiashan,Tongling City of Anhui Province,China,was found to be a copper hyperaccumulator,Its copper concentrations were 2707-6159( 4439±2434) mg kg-1 ,369-831,(731±142)mg kg-1 ,and 429-587(547±57)mg kg-1 ,respectively,in the roots,stems,and leaves.The soils supporting the growth of the species had a copper concentration ranging from 4620 to 5020 mg kg-1 and averaging 4835±262 mg kg-1 ,suggesting that the species could not only grow on heavily copper-contaminated soils but aslo accumulate extraordinarily high concentration of copper, thus,it shows great potential in the phytoremediation of copper-contaminated soils,the restoration of mined land,geochemical prospecting ,and the study of environmental pollution changes.

  8. Molecular identification of Paragonimus ohirai and P. westermani from Anhui Province, China

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    Ryu J.S

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2 region were determined from seven adults of species Paragonimus collected from Jinde and Xiuning Counties, Anhui Province, China. Among these, the nucleotide sequence obtained from one Paragonimus adult (Jinde County was identical to the ITS2 sequence of P. ohirai previously reported. In order to confirm the result, partial regions of mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase (COI and NADH dehydrogenase 1 (ND1 from the putative P. ohirai sample were further sequenced. They showed a high level of similarity with those of P. ohirai, COI (99.7 % and ND1 (99.5 %, supporting the result obtained from the ITS2. In addition to this, we designed P. ohirai and P. westermani specific primers (BDW and BD2O H from ITS2 to identify P. westermani and P. ohirai easily and rapidly. After testing utility of the primers, they were applied to identify seven unidentified Paragonimus samples collected from Jinde and Xiuning Counties, China. All the examined samples showed P. westermani band pattern, and it was reconfirmed by sequencing their ITS2 regions that they are P. westermani. This result indicates that the two newly designed specific primers could be quite helpful for easily identifying P. westermani and P. ohirai, that most of Paragonimus in Jinde and Xiuning Counties consist of P. westermani, and that P. ohirai exists in Jinde County with minority.

  9. Rare earth element geochemistry of groundwater from a deep seated sandstone aquifer, northern Anhui province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gui Herong; Sun Linhua; Chen Luwang; Chen Song

    2011-01-01

    Deep coal mines in northern Anhui province,China,provide opportunities for tracing the distribution and fractionation of rare earth elements (REEs) in deep seated environments.Major ions,as well as REE concentrations were measured in groundwater from a sandstone aquifer located between -400 and -280 m.Our results indicate that this groundwater consists of Cl·HCO3-Na or Cl·CO3-Na water types with warm temperature (30.1-31.4℃),circumneutral pH (7.27-8.61) and high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS- 1306-2165 mg/L).Concentrations of REEs in groundwater are high as expressed by their Nd concentrations (0.0086-0.018 μg/L).Except for weak heavy REEs (HREE) enrichment relative to light REEs (LREE),the similarity of REE distribution patterns between groundwater and aquifer rock indicate that enrichment of REEs is considered to be controlled by aquifer rock,as well as by their minerals,whereas the fractionation of REEs is controlled by HREE enriched minerals and,to a lesser extent,by inorganic REE complexes.Ce anomalies normalized to Post Archean Average Shale (PAAS) and aquifer rock are weak,which probably reflect the contribution of reduced conditions in combination with pH,rather than a signature of aquifer rock.

  10. Spousal role and caregiver burden in HIV affected families in Anhui Province, China.

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    Hsieh, Julie; Li, Li; Lin, Chunqing; Luo, Sitong; Ji, Guoping

    2017-03-09

    This study examined the burden experienced by various roles of family caregivers of people living with HIV (PLH), in particular spouses vs. non-spouses. A total of 475 family members of PLH were recruited from Anhui Province, China. Participants responded to a survey using the Computer Assisted Personal Interview method. The assessment collected data on demographic characteristics and their perceived caregiver burden, which was compared between spouses and non-spouses. Multiple regression models were built to identify factors associated with caregiver burden. About 64.4% of our study participants were female and the mean age was 42.1 years. Among various relationships to PLH, almost half reported being a spouse. Spouses reported significantly higher caregiver burden than non-spouses. In addition, older age and lower family income were significantly associated with higher level of caregiver burden. Among the subsample of spouses, significantly higher level of caregiver burden was identified among wives. Future studies should give special consideration to address the needs of female spouses in order to reduce their caregiver burden.

  11. Lower Triassic Inorganic Carbon Isotope Excursion in Chaohu, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper reports a Lower Triassic inorganic carbon isotope profile from the North Ping-dingshan Section in Chaohu, Anhui Province, China, which was situated in a deep part of the LowerYangtze carbonate ramp. The δ(13C) excursion shows two periods from the Permian-Triassic boundaryto the lower Spathian substage, corresponding to the ecosystem undergoing evolution and recovery afterthe end-Permian mass extinction and related events. The first period starts at the δ (13 C) depletioncaused by the mass extinction and evolves with a gradual δ(13C) increase resulting from the developmentof some disaster taxa during the Induan. The strong Smithian δ(13 C) depletion in the second periodmight be formed by the collapse of the disaster ecosystem and the biotic recovery occurred with the explo-sive increase of bioproductivity in the Spathian. Thus the δ(13C) excursion in the Lower Triassic expres-ses patterns of biotic evolution and recovery during the erratic ecosystem that followed the great end-Permian mass extinction.

  12. Identifying Flood-Related Infectious Diseases in Anhui Province, China: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis.

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    Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore infectious diseases related to the 2007 Huai River flood in Anhui Province, China. The study was based on the notified incidences of infectious diseases between June 29 and July 25 from 2004 to 2011. Daily incidences of notified diseases in 2007 were compared with the corresponding daily incidences during the same period in the other years (from 2004 to 2011, except 2007) by Poisson regression analysis. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was used to test the distribution pattern of the diseases. Spatial regression models were then performed to examine the association between the incidence of each disease and flood, considering lag effects and other confounders. After controlling the other meteorological and socioeconomic factors, malaria (odds ratio [OR] = 3.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.77-7.61), diarrhea (OR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.24-3.78), and hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection (OR = 6.11, 95% CI = 1.04-35.84) were significantly related to the 2007 Huai River flood both from the spatial and temporal analyses. Special attention should be given to develop public health preparation and interventions with a focus on malaria, diarrhea, and HAV infection, in the study region.

  13. Geochemistry of the barkinite liptobiolith (Late Permian) from the Jinshan Mine, Anhui Province, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Y.Z.; Lin, M.Y.; Qin, P.; Zhao, C.L.; Jin, K.K. [Hebei University of Engineering, Handan (China)

    2007-02-15

    This paper discusses the geochemistry and mineralogy of the barkinite liptobiolith of the Late Permian age from the Jinshan Mine, Guangde County, Anhui Province, China. Samples were examined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, cold-vapor atomic absorption spectrometry, ion-selective electrode, sequential chemical extraction, scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray, and optical microscopy. The coal is a medium-ash and high-sulfur resource. Minerals in the coal are composed of kaolinite, pyrite, calcite, and quartz. Pyrite and calcite are derived from seawater during peat accumulation. Quartz in the coal is of authigenic origin. Part of the kaolinite is from a land-source region, and part occurs as cell-fillings and is of authigenic origin. The results also indicate that the barkinite liptobiolith contains some toxic elements in high concentrations. Elements including Li, Be, Si, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Ga, Se, Y, Zr, Mo, the rare earth elements (REEs), W, Hg, Tl, Pb, Th, and U in the coals are enriched in the barkinite liptobiolith. Results of sequential chemical extraction showed that Li, Sc, Ti, Cr, Y, Zr, REEs, and Th in the coal mainly occur as silicates, while Be and W are related to organic matter. Pyrite is the dominant source of S, Mo, Hg, Tl, and Pb. Gallium only occurs in silicate, and U and V occur both in organic and silicate associations.

  14. Difference of Life Expenses among Rural Residents——A Case of Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literature review on the status of consumption difference of rural residents and its causation analysis is carried out.Most researches introduce the status and causation of consumption cap in rural residents from different aspects,which mainly analyze the obsolete data from the macroscopic angle by measuring methods.Only a few researches analyze the data in recent years from the provincial angle by using Theil index as the analysis index.Therefore,taking Anhui Province as an example,Theil index is selected to calculate the consumption gap of rural residents in Anhui Province in the years 2003-2008,according to the sample survey of rural households in Anhui Province in the years 2004-2009.Through the analysis of living consumption expenditure of rural residents,consumption change and its various internal causes are studied.Result shows that differentiation change of food and residence consumption expenditure is the major reason for the differentiation change of living consumption expenditure.Proportions of other expenditures are relatively small,having little impact on the living consumption of rural residents.Based on this,suggestions are put forward in order to minimize the difference in living consumption expenditure in rural areas,such as enhancing the income level of middle and low-income family in rural areas,improving the reform of education and health care,and strengthening the construction of rural road.

  15. A NEW SAURICHTHYS (ACTINOPTERYGII FROM THE SPATHIAN (EARLY TRIASSIC OF CHAOHU (ANHUI PROVINCE, CHINA

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    ANDREA TINTORI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Saurichthys, S. majiashanensis , is described. It comes from a series of marine vertebrate-bearing beds of the upper member of the Nanlinghu Formation outcropping in the large quarry at the top of Majiashan (Majia Hill near Chaohu (Hefei City, Anhui Province, China. Its age is Middle Spathian (Olenekian, Early Triassic. This new species deeply differs from the several pre-Spathian species of Saurichthys mainly for having only two longitudinal scale rows together with a reduced grid-like structure for the neural elements in the vertebral column. Further derived characters are in the endoskeleton of the dorsal and anal fin, where radials articulate only to anterior lepidotrichia, the posterior ones being supported by the first scale from the caudal pedicle mid-dorsal and mid-ventral rows, deeply imbedded in the body. In addition, the haemal spines of the caudal region are much enlarged and reversed, with their distal parts pointing forwards. Though the skull is lacking, postcranial characters are enough to justify the erection of a new species. This new Saurichthys species, together with other few actinopterygians, can be considered as the oldest assemblage of the Triassic Middle Fish Fauna, which bloomed probably in the early Anisian and widespread especially all over the Tethys for the Middle Triassic and at least the Carnian in the Late Triassic. This new fish assemblage, together with some of the oldest marine reptiles, is considered as the beginning of the actual Triassic recovery among marine vertebrates.

  16. Multivariate Analysis, Description, and Ecological Interpretation of Weed Vegetation in the Summer Crop Fields of Anhui Province, China

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    Sheng QIANG

    2005-01-01

    Two surveys were conducted to investigate weed vegetation in a 153-hm2 sampling area of summer crop fields from Anhui Province, China, through visual scoring of the level of weed infestation compared with summer crops on a seven-class scale. In total, 155 sampling sites were selected in the field based on crops, tillage, rotation systems, geographical regions, and soil types across the province. Data on weed communities and environmental factors were collected and analyzed through principal component analysis (PCA) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), and the output was interpreted ecologically. Results showed that the main factors influencing the structure and distribution of weed communities in summer crop fields were the soil submersion period, latitude, and soil type and pH. The CCA indicated a significant relationship between weed dominance and soil submersion duration, latitude, and soil pH. From the result of the PCA and CCA ordination, the 155 sampling sites could be divided into three groups based on geographic and floristic composition, as well as weed abundance. The southern dry land group, which was characterized by a double-cropping system in the hilly regions of southern and central Anhui Province with a continuous summer crop and an autumn dry land crop, was dominated by Galium aparine Linn. var. tenerum (Gren. et Godr) Robb., Avenafatua L., and Veronica persica Poir. The northern dry land group, which had the same cropping system as the southern dry land group, was dominated by G. aparine var. tenerun, Galium tricorne Stokes, Descurainia sophia (L.) Schur., and Lithospermum arvense L. in the North Anhui Province, China. These two dry land groups could be combined into one large dry land group, in which the Galium weed vegetation type dominated. The third group was the paddy soil group, which was characterized by a continu ous summer crop and double- or triple-cropping systems of rice, and prevailed in the south and central areas of Anhui

  17. Hepatitis B virus infections and risk factors among the general population in Anhui Province, China: an epidemiological study

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    Li Xiaoqing

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in China. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg among the general population and the risk factors associated with HBV infection in Anhui province, China. Methods A provincial serosurvey was conducted in four cities, and selected through stratified clustering sampling. Data on demographics, immunization history, medical history, family medical history, and life history were collected, along with serum tested for HBsAg. Completed surveys were analysed from 8,875 participants. Results Overall prevalence of HBsAg was 7.44%. Using multivariate analysis, older age was a risk factor for HBsAg infection among children younger than 15 years. Among adults 15-59 years old, the risk factors were male gender, a history of surgical operations, at least one HBsAg-positive family member, and non-vaccination. For adults older than 59 years, the risk factor was a blood transfusion history. Conclusions Though Anhui province has already reached the national goal of reducing HBsAg prevalence to less than 1% among children younger than 5 years, there are still several risk factors for HBsAg infection among the older population. Immunization programs should continue to focus on adults, and interventions should be taken to reduce risk factors associated with being infected with Hepatitis B.

  18. Maternal care in rural China: a case study from Anhui province

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    Li Xiaohong

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies on prenatal care in China have focused on the timing and frequency of prenatal care and relatively little information can be found on how maternal care has been organized and funded or on the actual content of the visits, especially in the less developed rural areas. This study explored maternal care in a rural county from Anhui province in terms of care organization, provision and utilization. Methods A total of 699 mothers of infants under one year of age were interviewed with structured questionnaires; the county health bureau officials and managers of township hospitals (n = 10 and county level hospitals (n = 2 were interviewed; the process of the maternal care services was observed by the researchers. In addition, statistics from the local government were used. Results The county level hospitals were well staffed and equipped and served as a referral centre for women with a high-risk pregnancy. Township hospitals had, on average, 1.7 midwives serving an average population of 15,000 people. Only 10–20% of the current costs in county level hospitals and township hospitals were funded by the local government, and women paid for delivery care. There was no systematic organized prenatal care and referrals were not mandatory. About half of the women had their first prenatal visit before the 13th gestational week, 36% had fewer than 5 prenatal visits, and about 9% had no prenatal visits. A major reason for not having prenatal care visits was that women considered it unnecessary. Most women (87% gave birth in public health facilities, and the rest in a private clinic or at home. A total of 8% of births were delivered by caesarean section. Very few women had any postnatal visits. About half of the women received the recommended number of prenatal blood pressure and haemoglobin measurements. Conclusion Delivery care was better provided than both prenatal and postnatal care in the study area. Reliance on user fees gave

  19. Epidemiological survey of Blastocystis hominis in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China

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    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Yu-Bao Cui

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention andcontrolling of blastocystosis, the infection of Blastocystishomonis and to study its clinical significance in Huainan City,Anhui Province, China.METHODS: Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from100 infants, 100 pupils, 100 middle school students and403 patients with diarrhea was smeared and detected withmethod of iodine staining and hematoxylin staining. Afterpreliminary direct microscopy, the shape and size ofBlastocystis homonis were observed with high power lens.The cellular immune function of the patients withblastocystosis was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA).RESULTS: The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis inflesh stools taken from the infants, pupils, middle schoolstudents and the patients with diarrhea, were 1.0 % (1/100),1.0 % (1/100), 0 % (0/100) and 5.96 % (24/403)respectively. Furthermore, the positive rates of Blastocystishomonis in the stool samples taken from the patients withmild diarrhea, intermediate diarrhea, severe diarrhea andobstinate diarrhea were 6.03 % (14/232), 2.25 % (2/89),0 % (0/17) and 12.31% (8/65) respectively. The positiverates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools of male andfemale patients with diarrhea were 7.52 % (17/226) and3.95 % (7/177) respectively, and those of patients in urbanand rural areas were 4.56 % (11/241) and 8.02 % (13/162)respectively. There was no significant difference betweenthem (P>0.05). The positive rates of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ inserum of Blastocystis homonis-positive and-negativeindividuals were 0.64±0.06, 0.44±0.06, 0.28±0.04 and0.60±0.05, 0.40±0.05 and 0.30±0.05 respectively, andthe ratio of CD4+/CD8+ of the two groups were 1.53±0.34and 1.27±0.22. There was significant difference betweenthe two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Blastocystis hominis asan enteric pathogen in human seems not to be associatedwith gender and living environment, and that Blastocystishominis is more common in stool samples of

  20. Impact of absorptive capacity and dominant logic on innovation performance of public sector organizations in Hefei (Anhui Province, China

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    Farhan Khan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Public organization’s performance depends on multiple aspects in which there are different polit-ical and public actors involved. In this study, we discuss the innovation performance of public organizations’ in Hefei (Anhui province, China. Our targeted group for this study were public sector employees at different levels within the organizations being considered. We checked the effect of absorptive capacity (ACAP, and dominant logic on public organization’s innovation performance. We found that absorptive capacity and dominant logic had a positive relation-ship with firms’ performance. Furthermore, these predictors were not only improving firm’s per-formance, but also bring innovation into the public organizations.

  1. Molecular basis of weak D and DEL in Han population in Anhui Province, China

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    CHEN Qing; LI Ming; LI Min; LU Xue-song; L(U) Rong; SUN Jun; LIU Zhong

    2012-01-01

    Background Rh blood group system is the most complex and immunogenetic blood group system.Prevalent RHD alleles varied in different populations.The purpose of this study is to determine the molecular basis of weak D and DEL phenotype in Anhui Chinese Han population.Methods The D antigen was determined with IgM monoclonal anti-D conformed to the guidelines for donor testing in China.Weak D samples were identified by an indirect antiglobulin test.DEL phenotype was determined by adsorption and elution test.All the RHD 10 exons were screened by PCR with sequence-specific priming or sequenced for the first-time donors who typed weak D,DEL or D negative by serologic test.Results Of all the 30 799 blood donors,155 blood samples were found D negative with IgM anti-D; 34 blood samples were found D positive by indirect antiglobulin test or absorption elution test.RHD alleles were identified by nucleotide sequencing.Total 4 RHD alleles were found including two new.One hundred and twenty of 155 (77.4%) of the serologically D negative samples lacked the RHD gene.One D negative was RHD(615de12).Thirty-two of 155 (20.6%)carried RHD(K409K) among them one carrying 1227G>A and 845G>A.Two of 155 (1.3%) was weak D type 15.Conclusions In this study at the molecular level,all DEL phenotype is RHD(K40gK); weak D type 15 is the prevalent weak D allele in Anhui Chinese Han population.Additionally,an improved more efficient method was adopted to amplify all the RHD exons in one PCR program.Our study added to the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying D antigen expression in Anhui Han population and provided useful information for adopting suitable genotyping strategies in routine use.

  2. High-Resolution Geochemical Significance of Lowest Triassic at Majiashan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB) and the lowest Triassic in the Yangtze region are considered to be the sediments of dysaeroxic and even anoxic environments, due to the dark thin-bedded fine deposits, the highly developed parallel beddings with pyrites, the suppression of bio-disturbance, and the monotonoas fossils. However, the trace fossils there show a rather weak effect of the anoxic event. Meanwhile, the high-resolution geochemical data are analyzed with 2-cm interval in the PTB and the lowest Triassic at the Majiashan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province. The results show that the water depth of Chaohu region in the earliest Triassic was shallow, which might be a feature of the neritic environment. The high-resolution geochemical proxies for anoxia have some contrary results. The geochemical data often indicate the dysaeroxic and even anoxic environments during that time, whereas other proxies (such as w(V)/w(Cr), w(Ni)/w(Co)) denote that they are normal marine sediments.

  3. Geochemical Characteristics of Sedimentary Manganese Deposit of Guichi, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The sedimentary manganese deposits occurring in Gufeng formation of the Permian in Guichi area, south Anhui Province, include manganese carbonate deposit formed by sedimentation, and manganese oxide deposit made by later oxidation. The total REE contents of these samples are relatively low ( < 250 × 10-6), belonging to LREE-enriched type,showing LREE enrichment during the process of formation of Mn deposit, especially during Mn-oxidizing process. Three normalized REE patterns and SCNA-normalized trace elements spider diagrams of the Mn-bearing sequence rocks and ores in this area reflect their same origin of ore sources, which is similar to rock-forming and ore-forming conditions. The Mnforming materials primarily came from the continent with higher mature degree and single material source. The δEu and δCe negative anomaly and Ce anomaly ( < - 0.1 ) manifest that Mn-bearing sequence of the Permian was mostly formed in marine basin and oxidative environment. The Sr and Ba anomaly, Sr/Ba and Co/Ni values reflect the Mn deposit environment was of deep water and high-salinity of marine facies. Although the Ce/La (mean 1.05), Y/Ho (25 ~ 41.5) and trace metals show a variety of correlations with Mn in the ten rock samples, which show multiple sources for the manganese, the analysis of geochemical characteristics indicate that the material sources of Mn deposit have been primarily terrestrially derived. Another source of the manganese probably comes from the seafloor volcanism in this area. Analysis of sedimentary features and geohistoric evolvement reveals that the maximum transgression of the Qixia Period, ore district is then in deep shelf-basin sedimentary setting and the Mn-bearing sequence is deposited.

  4. Secular trend in age at menarche in China: a case study of two rural counties in Anhui Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, M J; Larsen, U; Xu, X

    1999-04-01

    There is increasing evidence that age at menarche has decreased in Europe and the United States during the last century and in Japan over the last several decades. Data from a community-based survey conducted in two rural counties of Anhui Province in China indicate a similar, downward secular trend in age at menarche for Chinese women. The present study shows the mean age at menarche decreased by 2.8 years, from 16.5 to 13.7, over an approximate 40-year time interval. This rapid decrease in age at menarche may partly be due to better nutrition and living standards reflected by the improved socioeconomic standards experienced in China over the past few decades. To test this hypothesis, a number of determinants of age at menarche were assessed; year of birth, literacy status, county of residence, amount of physical labour, general health status, pesticide exposure before age at menarche, and drinking water source were all found to be associated with age at menarche.

  5. Projections of hepatitis A virus infection associated with flood events by 2020 and 2030 in Anhui Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Wang, Changke; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-12-01

    Assessing and responding to health risk of climate change is important because of its impact on the natural and societal ecosystems. More frequent and severe flood events will occur in China due to climate change. Given that population is projected to increase, more people will be vulnerable to flood events, which may lead to an increased incidence of HAV infection in the future. This population-based study is going to project the future health burden of HAV infection associated with flood events in Huai River Basin of China. The study area covered four cities of Anhui province in China, where flood events were frequent. Time-series adjusted Poisson regression model was developed to quantify the risks of flood events on HAV infection based on the number of daily cases during summer seasons from 2005 to 2010, controlling for other meteorological variables. Projections of HAV infection in 2020 and 2030 were estimated based on the scenarios of flood events and demographic data. Poisson regression model suggested that compared with the periods without flood events, the risks of severe flood events for HAV infection were significant (OR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.05-1.55), while risks were not significant from moderate flood events (OR = 1.16, 95 % CI 0.72-1.87) and mild flood events (OR = 1.14, 95 % CI 0.87-1.48). Using the 2010 baseline data and the flood event scenarios (one severe flood event), increased incidence of HAV infection were estimated to be between 0.126/105 and 0.127/105 for 2020. Similarly, the increased HAV infection incidence for 2030 was projected to be between 0.382/105 and 0.399/105. Our study has, for the first time, quantified the increased incidence of HAV infection that will result from flood events in Anhui, China, in 2020 and 2030. The results have implications for public health preparation for developing public health responses to reduce HAV infection during future flood events.

  6. Projections of hepatitis A virus infection associated with flood events by 2020 and 2030 in Anhui Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Wang, Changke; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-05-01

    Assessing and responding to health risk of climate change is important because of its impact on the natural and societal ecosystems. More frequent and severe flood events will occur in China due to climate change. Given that population is projected to increase, more people will be vulnerable to flood events, which may lead to an increased incidence of HAV infection in the future. This population-based study is going to project the future health burden of HAV infection associated with flood events in Huai River Basin of China. The study area covered four cities of Anhui province in China, where flood events were frequent. Time-series adjusted Poisson regression model was developed to quantify the risks of flood events on HAV infection based on the number of daily cases during summer seasons from 2005 to 2010, controlling for other meteorological variables. Projections of HAV infection in 2020 and 2030 were estimated based on the scenarios of flood events and demographic data. Poisson regression model suggested that compared with the periods without flood events, the risks of severe flood events for HAV infection were significant (OR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.05-1.55), while risks were not significant from moderate flood events (OR = 1.16, 95 % CI 0.72-1.87) and mild flood events (OR = 1.14, 95 % CI 0.87-1.48). Using the 2010 baseline data and the flood event scenarios (one severe flood event), increased incidence of HAV infection were estimated to be between 0.126/105 and 0.127/105 for 2020. Similarly, the increased HAV infection incidence for 2030 was projected to be between 0.382/105 and 0.399/105. Our study has, for the first time, quantified the increased incidence of HAV infection that will result from flood events in Anhui, China, in 2020 and 2030. The results have implications for public health preparation for developing public health responses to reduce HAV infection during future flood events.

  7. Rare earth element geochemistry of groundwaters from coal bearing aquifer in Renlou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Linhua; GUI Herong; CHEN Song

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth element (REE) concentrations of two different types of groundwaters (high SO42- water-SW and high alkaline waterCW) from coal bearing aquifer (-400~-280 m) in Renlou coal mine, northern Anhui Province, China were measured. The results indicated that they had different REE characteristics: the total concentrations of REEs (∑REE) of SW were lower than those of CW in general although they all had heavy REEs enriched relative to light REEs. The dissolved REE inorganic species of SW included Ln3+, LnCO3+, LnSO4+,Ln(CO3)2- and Ln(SO4)2-, whereas the CW are Ln(CO3)2- and LnCO3+ dominant, and the proportions of Ln(CO3)2- increased while other species decreased with pH increasing. Combined with correlation analysis, the enrichment and fractionation of SW (low alkaline water) were considered to be affected by alkaline concentrations via affecting the types and proportons of REE inorganic species. However, the effect of alkaline concentrations to the enrichment and fractionation of REEs of CW (high alkaline water) was less important than total dissolved solids and pH, which reflected the contribution from different rocks they flowed over, different degrees of water-rock interactions and/or REE solid-liquid partition coefficients.

  8. Human infections and co-infections with helminths in a rural population in Guichi, Anhui Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Hu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Helminth infections are believed to be common in tropical and subtropical countries. A cross-sectional study was carried out in two villages located in Guichi District in Anhui Province, the People’s Republic of China, where multiparasitism was investigated using parasitological tests. The data collected were fitted to Bayesian multi-level models to profile risk factors for helminth infections. The prevalence of Schistosoma (S. japonicum, Ascaris (A. lumbricoides and Trichuris (T. trichiura were 0.43% (range: 0-0.87% at the village level, 2.28% (range: 1.69-2.88%, and 0.21% (range: 0-0.42%, respectively. No hookworm infection was found. With regard to multiparasitism, only a 33-year-old female was found to be co-infected with S. japonicum and A. lumbricoides. Multiparasitism was unexpectedly rare in the study area, which contrasts with results from other studies carried out elsewhere in the country. The long-term usage of albendazole for individuals serologically positive for schistosomiasis may be the main reason, but this needs to be confirmed by future studies.

  9. Geochemical Study of Rare Earth Elements on Four Attapulgite Clay Deposits in Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天虎; 徐晓春; 鲁安怀; 岳书仓; 汪家权; 彭书传

    2003-01-01

    This paper discussed in detail about the REE component and the characteristics of the different kinds of attapulgite clay ores as well as basalts, weathered basalts in four localities of attapulgite clay deposits of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces of China. It is concluded that the half-weathered basalts have not distinct REE fractionation and strong weathered basalts have HREE loss in the process of the basalts weathered to form smectite group minerals. And the lateritic montmorillonite clays that formed from the basalts weathering have a distinct Ce positive anomaly, a little MREE loss and LREE and HREE renew enrichment. That reflects the particular oxidation condition in the Earth's surface and the adsorption of the colloid solution of the lake water in the basin of the continent in the time of the clays formed. The attapulgite clays produced by the reaction between basalts with lake water in the original place of the basin have same REE characteristics as that of the basalts and the weathered basalts. This shows that REE does not transfer heavily in the progressive chemical weathering process. The sedimentary attapulgite clays have also a similar REE component and characteristic parameters to the basalts and the weathered basalts, and have a distinct Eu negative anomaly and a big value of LREE/HREE, which shows that the sedimentary clay came from the weathered basalts, and REE partitioning patterns characters of the clays are controlled by the residual material of the weathered basalts.

  10. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  11. Examining Childhood Maltreatment and School Bullying Among Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study From Anhui Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Geng-Fu; Jiang, Liu; Wang, Lu-Han; Hu, Guo-Yun; Fang, Yu; Yuan, Shan-Shan; Wang, Xiu-Xiu; Su, Pu-Yu

    2016-05-03

    Although a body of research has established the relationship between childhood maltreatment and bullying in Western culture backgrounds, few studies have examined the association between childhood maltreatment experiences and bullying in China. Moreover, to date, the relationship between multiple types of childhood maltreatment and cyber bullying is poorly understood. This study examined the association between multiple types of childhood maltreatment (physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, and emotional neglect) and multiple forms of school bullying (physical, verbal, relational, and cyber). A cross-sectional study using three-stage random cluster-sampling approach was conducted in Tongling, Chuzhou, and Fuyang, in Anhui Province. Self-reported questionnaires were completed by 5,726 middle school students to assess their school bullying involvement and childhood maltreatment experiences. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between each single type of childhood maltreatment and each single form of school bullying. Each type of childhood maltreatment was associated with increased risk for involvement in each form of bullying as bullies, victims, and bully-victims. Specifically, both childhood physical neglect and emotional neglect were associated with increased risk for involvement in each form of school bullying. Each type of childhood maltreatment was associated with involvement in cyber bullying. Students who experienced multiple types of childhood maltreatment seem to report more forms of school bullying. Furthermore, multiple forms of school bullying caused the co-occurrence of several forms of school bullying. Our results indicated a significant association between school bullying and childhood maltreatment among adolescents. Interventions to reduce school bullying encompassing prevention toward childhood maltreatment might get better results in China.

  12. Comprehensive Evaluation of Circular Economic Development in North Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Shuheng; Zhang, Simei; Chen, Guangzhou; Xu, Min

    2009-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of north Anhui Province, an index system was constructed for evaluating the development level of circular economy according to relevant principles, Principal Component Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process were adopted to evaluate the circular economic development in north Anhui Province, and corresponding measures were put forward to promote the circular economy in north Anhui Province.

  13. The point mutation of p53 gene exon7 in hepatocellular carcinoma from Anhui Province, a non HCC prevalent area in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Liu; Yuan Wang; Qing Zhou; Shu-Yu Gui; Xu Li

    2002-01-01

    AIM: In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prevalent areas ofChina, the point mutation of p53 exon7 is highly correlatedwith Hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and aflatoxin B intake.While in non-HCC-prevalent areas of China, these factorsare not so important in the etiology of HCC. Therefore, thepoint mutation of p.53 exon7 may also be different than thatin HCC-prevalent areas of China. The aim of this study is toinvestigate the status and carcinogenic role of the pointmutation of p53 gene exon7 in hepatocellular carcinoma fromAnhui Province, a non-HCC-prevalent area in China.METHODS: PCR,PCR-SSCP and PCR-RFLP were applied toanalyze the homozygous deletion and point mutation of p53exon7 in HCC samples from Anhui, which were confirmedby DNA sequencing and Genbank comparison.RESULTS: In the 38 samples of hepatocellular carcinoma, nohomozygous deletion of p53 exon7 was detected and pointmutations of p53 exon7 were found in 4 cases, which werefound to be heterozygous mutation of codon 249 With amutation rate of 10.53 %(4/38). The third base mutstion(G→T) of p53 codon 249 was found by DNA sequencing andGenbank comparison.CONCLUSION: The incidence of point mutation of p53 codon249 is lower in hepatocellular carcinoma and theheterozygous mutation of p53 exon7 found in these patientsonly indicate that they have genetic susceptibility to HCC.p53 codon 249 is a hotspot of p53 exon7 point mutation,suggesting that the point mutation of p53 exon 7 may notplay a major role in the carcinogenesis of HCC in AnhuiProvince, a non-HCC-prsvalent area in China.

  14. Cyclospore cayetanensis in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ke-Xia Wang; Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang; Ye Tian

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the infection of Cyclospore cayetanensis in Anhui Province.METHODS: Identification of Cyclospore cayetanensis was made microscopically by finding the oocysts of Cyclospore cayetanensis in fecal smears taken from the infants, pupils and adults with obstinate diarrhea, and immunocompromised individuals by using a auramine-phenol stain and modified acid-fast stain. Cellular immune function was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA), and the specific antibody against Cyclospore cayetanensis was detected with method of ELISA.RESULTS: (1) The positive rates of Cyclospore cayetanensis infection in infants, pupils, infants and adults with obstinate diarrhea and with immunocompromised individuals were significantly different (P<0.01), with the rates of 0 %, 0.50 % (1/200), 5.62 % (10/178), and 9.38 % (3/32) respectively. (2) The infection rates of males and females were 2.61% (10/383) and 1.44 % (4/227) respectively, with no significant difference (P<0.05). (3) The positive rates of population with oocysts in urban and rural areas were 0.92 % (3/325) and 3.86 % (11/285) respectively. (4) The positive rates of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ of individuals with and without oocysts were significantly different (P<0.05,P<0.01), and their values were (64.28±6.55) %, (43.55±5.80) %, (28.23±4.32) %, 1.52±0.32 and (58.97±5.23) %,(39.26±4.93) %, (30.54±5.17) %, 1.26±0.21, respectively.(5) Specific IgG, IgM and IgG+IgM in serum of the patients with oocyst were significantly different (P<0.01) with the positive rates of 63.41% (9/14), 17.07 % (1/14) and 19.51% (4/14) respectively.CONCLUSION: Cyclospore cayetanensisinfection is present in Anhui, China and it was confirmed to be a new pathogen associated with children diarrhea, adults obstinate diarrhea and diarrhea in immunocompromised individuals. Among all the infected individuals, adult obstinate diarrhea patients and immunocompromised individuals are common. Feces examination of

  15. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  16. Granulite—facies Middle—Lower Crustal Xenoliths from Nueshan Alkali Basalt in Northeastern Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于津海; 周新民

    1993-01-01

    Metamorphic xenoliths within the Nushan alkali basalt of northeastern Anhui (NEA),China ,are from the middle-lower crust.They could be divided into two end-members:basic and acid.Interme-diate xenoliths are scarcely found.Basic two-pyroxene granulites(pyriclasites) were formed at 720-810℃ and 7-8kb.Petrological and geochemical studies indicate that the primary magma of the protoliths of basic granulites was derived from the metasomatized upper mantle, while the pa-rental magma of the acid end-member was probably produced by partial melting of the basic rocks. The protoliths of charnockites and grey gneisses represent respectively the early and late crystallization products of the granitic magma.The Nushan granulites are much different in many aspects from the granulites exposed in the northern part of North China ,which implies the inhomogeneity regarding to the early evolution of the North China terranc.

  17. Origin of Quaternary Red Clay of Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUXUEFENG; YUANGUODONG; 等

    1998-01-01

    The particle-size distribution,heavy mineral constituents and rare earth elements(REE) characteristics of the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province were studied to explore the origin of the clay.The results showed that the clay had some properties of areolian deposits,which could be compared with,those of the loess in North China ;and its chondrite-normalized curves of REE were similar to those of the Xiashu loess implying tha they shared the same orighin.It was concluded in combination with the results rported by other researchers that the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province originated from aolian deposts, and this could reveal the cycles of warm and cold climates in the area during the Quaternary period.

  18. Community characteristics of a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in Huangshan, Anhui Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Ding

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, Huangshan is one of the high mountains in eastern China and lies in the transition zone of north-south flora. It is considered a refuge of flora and fauna during the Quaternary maximum glaciation. Zonal vegetation is classified as evergreen broad-leaved forest with a vertical distribution pattern. It is not only one of China’s Biodiversity Conservation Priority Areas, but also one of the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites and a world famous scenic spot. In 2014, we established a large-scale forest dynamics plot with an area of 10.24 ha in Huangshan based on international protocols (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Center for Tropical Forest Science, CTFS and completed the first field survey. The investigation aimed at revealing community characteristics by analyzing species composition, flora characteristics, diameter class structure, and spatial distribution patterns. We recorded 191 species of vascular plants, belonging to 59 families and 129 genera, in the plot. Among these, trees (DBH ≥ 1 cm belonged to 46 families, 97 genera and 153 species. The number of family and genera with tropical distributions accounted for 65.79% and 45.36% of the total taxa, respectively, while those with temperate distributions accounted for 34.21% and 51.55%, respectively. A number of rare and endangered species occurred in the plots, including six species classified as Class II of State Key Protected Wild Plants, seven threatened species (VU from the China’s Biodiversity Red List: Higher Plant, one species defined in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES (Appendix II, and 64 endemic species to China, indicating their values for protection and research. We also found that the number of species increased sharply with increasing scale when the scale was less than 2,150 m2, while at a higher resolution its rate of increase decreased

  19. Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy on Maintenance Hemodialysis: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Survey in Anhui Province, Eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Chen; De-Guang Wang; Liang Yuan; Gui-Ling Liu; Heng-Jie He; Juan Wang; Sen Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Background:The incidence of diabetic nephropathy (DN) increases year by year.However,clinical characteristics of DN patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) were rarely reported in China.The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of the DN patients on MHD in Anhui Province,Eastern China.Methods:The clinical data of MHD patients in the hemodialysis centers of 26 hospitals in Anhui Province from January 1,2014,to March 31,2014,were examined.The differences between DN patients and non-DN patients were compared regarding vascular access,nutritional status,mineral and bone disorder,and other indexes.Results:Among the selected 2768 adult MHD patients,427 had DN.The incidence of hypertension,coronary heart disease,and cerebral thrombus in DN patients was 94.1%,21.5%,and 15.0%,respectively,which were higher than those in non-DN patients (P < 0.001).Category of vascular access for hemodialysis in DN patients was arteriovenous fistula (AVF) (87.4% [373/427]) and tunneled cuffed catheter (TCC) (11.2% [48/427]).The percentage of AVF was significantly lower than that ofnon-DN patients (P < 0.001),and percentage of TCC was significantly higher than that of non-DN patients (P < 0.001).Hemoglobin achievement rate in DN patients was 32.0%.The incidence of hypoalbuminemia was 24.7%,significantly higher than that in non-DN patients (P < 0.001).The achievement rate of the target range in mineral values was 55.9% in corrected serum calcium level,30.1% in serum phosphorus level,and 49.3% in intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level in DN patients.Compared with non-DN patients,the achievement rate of serum phosphorus was significantly higher in DN patients.Conclusions:DN patients on MHD in Anhui province exhibited different clinical characteristics compared to non-DN hemodialysis patients.They presented higher percentage in TCC use and cardiovascular complication,lower serum albumin and iPTH levels than those in non-DN patients.

  20. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  1. Plant roots and anti-scourability of soils in the Shangshe Catchment, Dabie Mountains, Anhui Province, Eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiayao ZHUANG; Jinchi ZHANG; Bo ZHANG; Hongyan LUO; Xiaying HUANG; Jun FU

    2009-01-01

    The distribution of root biomass was studied in different soil layers (0-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40 cm) by means of a "study plot" method for various plant species in the Shangshe Catchment area in the Dabie Mountains, Anhui Province. The number and lengths of root samples were recorded. In each study plot, anti-scourability of soils in corresponding soil layers was measured with a C.C. Suoboliefu anti-scourability instrument. The results showed the following: 1) The root system was largely distributed in the 0-40 cm soil layer and the number of roots was the largest in the surface soil layer. Fine roots < 1 mm in diameter predominated in root length. 2) In the same section, the anti-scourability indices of the surface soil layer were larger than those of other soil layers in the various plant species. The tree root system, especially the fine roots < 1 mm in diameter, are highly instrumental in controlling soil losses. Correlation coefficients of length, number and density of fine roots and the anti-scourability index were 0.8173, 0.7159 and 0.6434, respectively. The length of fine root is a key factor in the anti-scourability soil index. This index is closely correlated with the non-capillarity of each soil type, indicating that forests have a strong soil stabilizing function, because their root systems improve physical soil properties and ultimately are responsible for the establishment of a biosoil system with an anti-scourability index.

  2. Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy on Maintenance Hemodialysis: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Survey in Anhui Province, Eastern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Chen

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: DN patients on MHD in Anhui province exhibited different clinical characteristics compared to non-DN hemodialysis patients. They presented higher percentage in TCC use and cardiovascular complication, lower serum albumin and iPTH levels than those in non-DN patients.

  3. Comparative analysis of physical recreation of Chinese youth as a means of Anhui Province sports tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Shouling

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the recreational facilities of Anhui Province, contributing to the development of the sports tourism in China. Material and Methods: analysis and generalization of literature and electronic sources, official web-sites, survey. Results: revealed the interest of young people to cultural and leisure activities in Anhui Province and the increase in the number of tourists at different ages. Development of sports tourism indicates an increase in mass and popularity among the population. Conclusions: addressing public interest in the development of sports tourism in China leads to the enhancement of the role of cultural holiday in physical development and rehabilitation of youth.

  4. Establishment of water source discrimination model in coal mine by using hydrogeochemistry and statistical analysis: a case study from Renlou Coal Mine in northern Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Lin-hua; GUI He-rong

    2012-01-01

    The demand for energy consumption promotes to find more coal in deep underground up to 1000 m and brings more serious situation of water disaster.As one of the major methods for water disaster control,hydrogeochemistry attracts a series of studies related to water source discrimination.In this paper,a simple method for constructing the water source discrimination model based on major ions and multivariate statistical analysis was reported using the following procedures:① collection of data and interpretation,② analysis of controlling factors based on the chemical composition of groundwater,③ "pure" sample chosen,and ④ discrimination model establishment.After the processes,two functions and a diagram were established for three aquifers (the Quaternary,Coal bearing,and Taiyuan Fm.) from the Renlou Coal Mine in northern Anhui Province,China.The method can be applied in almost all coal mines and can be used for evaluating the contribution ratios if the water is collected from a mixing source.

  5. Analysis of Social Integration Models of Tourism Labor Migrants——A Case Study of Jiuhua Mountain of Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhao; LU Lin

    2008-01-01

    The grounded theory of qualitative methods was applied to researching the social integration of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain of Anhui Province,China.The research was conducted based on the in-depth interviewing of 15 samples,open-consultation and the analysis of secondhand data.The integration models of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain were formed through four processes including theoretic sampling,coding-analysis,cross-tabulation and contextualization.The result shows that modes of production and life styles decide self-integration orientation of tourism labor migrants in the Jiuhua Mountain.Cultural differences are fundamental dissimilarity between tourism labor migrants and natives.There are three kinds of integration models including rapid,flee and gradually advancing integration.The differences among different types of migrants' integration models are remarkable.Taking the working integration as the abscissa and taking the life integration as the coordinate,an "S" model of integration matrix appears in the gradually advancing integration of intermediate and high administers from the working to the life which should be paid special attention to.

  6. Petrogenesis of Cretaceous adakitic and shoshonitic igneous rocks in the Luzong area, Anhui Province (eastern China): Implications for geodynamics and Cu Au mineralization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiang; Wyman, Derek A.; Xu, Ji-Feng; Zhao, Zhen-Hua; Jian, Ping; Xiong, Xiao-Lin; Bao, Zhi-Wei; Li, Chao-Feng; Bai, Zheng-Hua

    2006-07-01

    Both adakitic and shoshonitic igneous rocks in the Luzong area, Anhui Province, eastern China are associated with Cretaceous Cu-Au mineralization. The Shaxi quartz diorite porphyrites exhibit adakite-like geochemical features, such as light rare earth element (LREE) enrichment, heavy REE (HREE) depletion, high Al 2O 3, MgO, Sr, Sr / Y and La / Yb values, and low Y and Yb contents. They have low ɛNd( t) values (- 3.46 to - 6.28) and high ( 87Sr / 86Sr) i ratios (0.7051-0.7057). Sensitive High-Resolution Ion Microprobe (SHRIMP) zircon analyses indicate a crystallization age of 136 ± 3 Ma for the adakitic rocks. Most volcanic rocks and the majority of monzonites and syenites in the Luzong area are K-rich (or shoshonitic) and were also produced during the Cretaceous (140-125 Ma). They are enriched in LREE and large-ion lithophile elements, and depleted in Ti, and Nb and Ba and exhibit relatively lower ɛNd( t) values ranging from - 4.65 to - 7.03 and relatively higher ( 87Sr / 86Sr) i ratios varying between 0.7057 and 0.7062. The shoshonitic and adakitic rocks in the Luzong area have similar Pb isotopic compositions ( 206Pb / 204Pb = 17.90-18.83, 207Pb / 204Pb = 15.45-15.62 and 208Pb / 204Pb = 38.07-38.80). Geological data from the Luzong area suggest that the Cretaceous igneous rocks are distributed along NE fault zones (e.g., Tanlu and Yangtze River fault zones) in eastern China and were likely formed in an extensional setting within the Yangtze Block. The Shaxi adakitic rocks were probably derived by the partial melting of delaminated lower crust at pressures equivalent to crustal thickness of > 50 km (i.e., ˜1.5 GPa), possibly leaving rutile-bearing eclogitic residue. The shoshonitic magmas, in contrast, originated mainly from an enriched mantle metasomatized by subducted oceanic sediments. They underwent early high-pressure (> 1.5 GPa) fractional crystallization at the boundary between thickened (> 50 km) lower crust and lithospheric mantle and late low

  7. Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of deep groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer of the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Man-Li; Peng, Wei-Hua; Gui, He-Rong

    2016-04-01

    There is little information available about the hydrochemical characteristics of deep groundwater in the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China. In this study, we report information about the physicochemical parameters, major ions, and heavy metals of 17 groundwater samples that were collected from the coal-bearing aquifer. The results show that the concentrations of total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, and potassium and sodium (K(+) + Na(+)) in most of the groundwater samples exceeded the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Chinese National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006). The groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer was dominated by the HCO3·Cl-K + Na and HCO3·SO4-K + Na types. Analysis with a Gibbs plot suggested that the major ion chemistry of the groundwater was primarily controlled by weathering of rocks and that the coal-bearing aquifer in the Linhuan coal-mining district was a relatively closed system. K(+) and Na(+) originated from halite and silicate weathering reactions, while Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) originated from the dissolution of calcite, dolomite, and gypsum or anhydrite. Ion exchange reactions also had an influence on the formation of major ions in groundwater. The concentrations of selected heavy metals decreased in the order Mn > Zn > Cr > Cu > Ni > Pb. In general, the heavy metal concentrations were low; however, the Cr, Mn, and Ni concentrations in some of the groundwater samples exceeded the standards outlined by the WHO, the GB 5749-2006, and the Chinese National Standards for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-93). Analysis by various indices (% Na, SAR, and EC), a USSL diagram, and a Wilcox diagram showed that both the salinity and alkalinity of the groundwater were high, such that the groundwater could not be used for irrigating agricultural land without treatment. These results will be significant for water resource exploiting and utilization in

  8. Prevalence and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chickens in Anhui province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Li

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL genes and plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance (PMQR determinants in 202 Escherichia coli isolates from chickens in Anhui Province, China, and to determine whether ESBL and PMQR genes co-localized in the isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibility for 12 antimicrobials was determined by broth microdilution. Polymerase chain reactions (PCRs, DNA sequencing, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE were employed to characterize the molecular basis for β-lactam and fluoroquinolone resistance. High rates of antimicrobial resistance were observed, 147 out of the 202 (72.8% isolates were resistant to at least 6 antimicrobial agents and 28 (13.9% of the isolates were resistant to at least 10 antimicrobials. The prevalence of blaCTX-M, blaTEM-1 and blaTEM-206 genes was 19.8%, 24.3% and 11.9%, respectively. Seventy-five out of the 202 (37.1% isolates possessed a plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant in the form of qnrS (n = 21; this determinant occurred occasionally in combination with aac(6'-1b-cr (n = 65. Coexistence of ESBL and/or PMQR genes was identified in 31 of the isolates. Two E. coli isolates carried blaTEM-1, blaCTX-M and qnrS, while two others carried blaCTX-M, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr. In addition, blaTEM-1, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr were co-located in two other E. coli isolates. PFGE analysis showed that these isolates were not clonally related and were genetically diverse. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to describe detection of TEM-206-producing E. coli in farmed chickens, and the presence of blaTEM-206, qnrS and aac(6'-1b-cr in one of the isolates.

  9. [Spatiotemporal trends and the impact factors of acid rain in Anhui Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Chun-E; Qiu, Ming-Yan; Zhang, Ai-Min; Zhang, Hao; Zhang, Su; Wang, Zi-Fa

    2010-06-01

    The observational data of acid rain at seven stations in Anhui province operated by China Meteorological Administration (CMA), as well as the coal consumptions in Anhui and some surrounding provinces along with satellite measured tropospheric NO2 columns, were used to analyze the spatiotemporal trends of acid rain in Anhui and the potential reasons of the increasing occurrence frequency of acid rain. In addition, the technique of back-trajectory-cluster analysis was used to examine the impacts of transport patterns on the precipitation acidity in Anhui. The occurrence frequency shows the lowest in summer and the highest in autumn, with 3-year average pH acid rain were the most severe in southern to middle Anhui and mitigated to north. The distributions of pH were concentrative at Fuyang, Tongling and Huangshan, with more than 75% occurred between 6.00-7.50 (Fuyang), 5.00-6.00 (Tongling) and 5.00-6.50 (Huangshan); quite dispersive at other stations, with the maximum at 4.00-4.50 (Hefei and Anqing), 5.00-5.50 (Maanshan) and 5.50-6.00 (Bengbu). The occurrence frequencies of acid rain increased evidently at all stations comparing with those in the end of 1990s. The results of back-trajectories-cluster analysis show that the acid rain is closely related with the regional-range transport of acid rain precursors at each station. The air-masses from southeast and northeast, especially those passing through Jiangsu and Zhejiang, associated with the highest frequencies of acid rain with pH acid rain in Anhui province. In addition, statistics shows that the occurrence frequency of acid rain in Hefei was highly correlated with the trends of the provincial coal consumptions in Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, also tropospheric NO2 column content over Anhui province and surrounding areas with all correlation coefficients > 0.7, suggesting the close relationship between the quick increasing acid rain in Hefei and the regional pollutant emissions.

  10. Ecological Construction Based on Land Use Zoning of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; YE; Zhongxiang; YU

    2013-01-01

    Anhui Province is divided into 6 zones according to land use. This paper firstly introduces ranges, characteristics and problems of land use zoning in Anhui Province. On these bases, it presents the respective ecological construction mode. Huaibei Plain Zone should focus on agriculture and implement water conservancy project, ecological shelterbelt project and mining subsidence area control works. Jianghuai Hilly Zone should make breakthrough in transforming slope land, speed up restoring forest, grass and vegetation, and implement water-saving agriculture and prevention and control of soil erosion. The Yangtze River Side Plain Zone should take the opportunity of agricultural structural adjustment to implement the ecological construction mode of "reconverting farmland to forests, wetland and lakes". Western Anhui Dabie Mountain Zone should concentrate on setting apart hills for tree growing and transforming slope land, restoring and expanding forest, grass and vegetation, and implementing prevention and control of soil erosion. Southern Anhui Mountain Zone should focus on protecting natural forest, setting apart hills for tree growing, conceding the land to forestry and developing eco-tourism. Residential area should pay close attention to new urbanization construction, center on citizenship of agricultural population, push forward integration of industry and city, coordination of urban and rural areas, and interactive development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

  11. Study on Bryophytes Flora in Tianma Nature Reserve of Anhui Province, China%天马自然保护区苔藓植物区系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师雪芹; 陈家伟

    2012-01-01

    通过调查,天马自然保护区共有苔藓植物50科94属176种.保护区优势科为真藓科Bryaceae、曲尾藓科Dicranaceae、青藓科Brachytheciaceae、灰藓科Hypnaceae、提灯藓科Mniaceae、光萼苔科Porellaceae、锦藓科Sematophyllaceae、金发藓科Polytrichaceae、羽藓科Thuidiaceae和绢藓科Entodontaceae;优势属为光萼苔属Porella、曲柄藓属Campylopus、凤尾藓属Fissidens、真藓属Bryum、匐灯藓属Plagiomnium、泽藓属Philonotis和绢藓属Entodon.区系成分以东亚成分为主(37.04%),温带成分次之(33.33%),热带成分较少(25.31%).%176 species belonging to 94 genera in 50 families of bryophyte are reported in Tianma Nature Reserve located in the west of Anhui province. The predominant families are Bryaceae, Dicranaceae, Brachytheciaceae, Hypnaceae, Mniaceae, Porellaceae, Sematophyllaceae, Polytrichaceae, Thuidiaceae and Entodontaceae; predominant genera are Porella , Campylopus, Fissidens , Bryum , Plagiomnium , Philonotis , Entodon . Based on the analysis of geographic elements of species, the result shows the East Asiatic element is dominant, accounting for about 37. 04% , the temperate element accounts 33. 33% of the whole bryophyte flora and the proportion of the tropical element is 25.31 % .

  12. Measurement and Analysis of Production Performance of Rural Households in Jinzhai County, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Can

    2004-01-01

    Using a multi-input multi-output production technology and survey data from Jinzhai County, western Anhui Province, China, the author first measured the production performance of rural households - their efficiency, economy of scale, and productivity during 1978-1997, and then related the measured production performance with institutional change, market access, and other factors. Preliminary results show that: 1) performance differs a great deal across households and over time; 2) institutional changes and market accessibility have played a major role in improving performance; 3) depending on the specific resources, their effects are variable.

  13. GIS-based Risk Zone of Flood Hazard in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the flood disaster risks in Anhui Province based on GIS. [Method] Taking country as basic unit, the 1∶ 250 000 basic geographic data in Anhui Province as basis, from the angle of flood disaster hazard and economic vulnerability, and by dint of the calculation of the weight of each impact factor with entropy-based fuzzy AHP method, flood risk assessment model was established to study the flood disaster risks zoning in Anhui Province. Using nearly 10 years of disaster informat...

  14. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  15. Causes of and strategies to nurses' stressors working at hemodialysis centers in Anhui Province of China%安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源调查分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶明芬; 周健美; 王翠珍; 王金宝; 施飞; 刘俊

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the causes of nurses' stress so as to provide evidence for the reduction of labor pressure.Methods A total of 302 nurses from 27 hemodialysis centers in Anhui Province of China were required to complete questionnaires about labor stress.Results Work load,time distribution,nursing professional or working experiences,healthcare of the patients,environment and resources,management,and interpersonal relationship showed relatively higher average scores.In general,average pressure levd was 2.50 ± 0.99.Those with different specialty or seniority were found to have statistically significant stress differences in working environment,resources and patiem care (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Nurses working in hemodialysis centers of Anhui Province may have higher labor stress due to diverse factors.Stress from working environment,resources and patient care is closely related to length of service.%目的 通过问卷调查安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源及其相关因素,为采取有效的应对措施减轻护士工作压力提供依据.方法 采用中国护士工作压力源量表和血液净化中心护士基本情况调查表对安徽省27家医院血液净化中心的302名护士进行问卷调查.结果 血液净化中心护士工作压力源平均分数由高到低分别为工作量及时间分配、护理专业及工作、患者护理、环境及资源、管理及人际关系,总的平均压力程度为2.50±0.99.不同专业工作年限护士在工作环境及资源、患者护理方面的压力差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 安徽省血液净化护士压力大,影响因素多,工作环境及资源与患者护理带给护士的压力与护士工作年限相关.今后应通过改善环境、提高护士待遇、对护士进行分层培训等降低护士工作压力,提高护理质量.

  16. High risk factors for severe hand, foot and mouth disease: A multicenter retrospective survey in Anhui Province China, 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiahua Pan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study sought to determine the high risk factors for severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD. Materials and Methods: Retrospective 229 severe HFMD cases from four hospitals in FuYang, HeFei, and BoZhou (Anhui Provincial Hospital, Fuyang City People′s Hospital, No. 2 People′s Hospital of Fuyang and Bozhou city People′s Hospital in 2008-2009 were studied, with 140 mild HFMD cases in the same area. Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, the high risk factors of HFMD were identified by comparing clinical and laboratory findings between severe cases and mild cases. Results: There was a significant difference in age, total duration of fever, rate of respiratory and heart, shake of limbs, white blood cell count, blood sugar, and CK-MB between the two groups. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that severe cases were associated with age (<3 years, withdrawnness and lethargy, shake of limbs, tachycardia, total leukocyte count (≥17×10 9 /l, blood sugar (≥7 mmol/l, and CK-MB (≥16 mmol/l. Furthermore, age (<3 years, withdrawnness, and lethargy, shake of limbs, WBC (≥17×10 9 /l, and CK-MB (≥16 mmol/l were found to be high risk factors for severe cases after multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: Clinicians should give importance to these risk factors. Early recognition of children at risk and timely intervention is the key to reduce acute mortality and morbidity.

  17. Study on the Change of Land Use and Landscape Pattern in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the statistical data concerning land use in Anhui Province from 1995 to 2005, this paper conduct comprehensive analysis on change of land use structure, change of land use degree, and landscape pattern change of land use in Anhui Province from 1995 to 2005 using statistical analysis and mathematical model. The results show that the land use structure has changed significantly; the rate of land use change is quick; the land use degree is not high; the spatial pattern of land use tends to be reasonable and gradually develops toward the equilibrium state.

  18. Evaluation of Water Resource Potential in Anhui Province Based on Allocation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhenyu; XU; Yanlin; ZHOU

    2013-01-01

    The nature of water resources can be divided into four categories:water for life,water for agriculture,water for industry,and water for ecology.On this basis,the regional right allocation model for water resources is built,and to make the model more operable,we calculate the weight of the key factors of model(four different types of water use:life,agriculture,industry,ecology),using analytic hierarchy process(AHP).Finally,based on the amount of available water resources in Anhui Province,we evaluate the water resource potential in Anhui Province according to the principle of rational allocation.

  19. Evaluation of the Consistency of MODIS Land Cover Product (MCD12Q1 Based on Chinese 30 m GlobeLand30 Datasets: A Case Study in Anhui Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Liang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Land cover plays an important role in the climate and biogeochemistry of the Earth system. It is of great significance to produce and evaluate the global land cover (GLC data when applying the data to the practice at a specific spatial scale. The objective of this study is to evaluate and validate the consistency of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS land cover product (MCD12Q1 at a provincial scale (Anhui Province, China based on the Chinese 30 m GLC product (GlobeLand30. A harmonization method is firstly used to reclassify the land cover types between five classification schemes (International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP global vegetation classification, University of Maryland (UMD, MODIS-derived Leaf Area Index and Fractional Photosynthetically Active Radiation (LAI/FPAR, MODIS-derived Net Primary Production (NPP, and Plant Functional Type (PFT of MCD12Q1 and ten classes of GlobeLand30, based on the knowledge rule (KR and C4.5 decision tree (DT classification algorithm. A total of five harmonized land cover types are derived including woodland, grassland, cropland, wetland and artificial surfaces, and four evaluation indicators are selected including the area consistency, spatial consistency, classification accuracy and landscape diversity in the three sub-regions of Wanbei, Wanzhong and Wannan. The results indicate that the consistency of IGBP is the best among the five schemes of MCD12Q1 according to the correlation coefficient (R. The “woodland” LAI/FPAR is the worst, with a spatial similarity (O of 58.17% due to the misclassification between “woodland” and “others”. The consistency of NPP is the worst among the five schemes as the agreement varied from 1.61% to 56.23% in the three sub-regions. Furthermore, with the biggest difference of diversity indices between LAI/FPAR and GlobeLand30, the consistency of LAI/FPAR is the weakest. This study provides a methodological reference for evaluating the

  20. 安徽省盾蚧科一新属一新种记述(半翅目:蚧总科)%Description of a New Genus and New Species of Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴世君

    2011-01-01

    记述盾蚧科1新属——钝刺盾蚧属Mammilla,gen.nov.,并记述1新种:金寨钝刺盾蚧M.jinzhaiensis,sp.nov..模式标本保存于安徽工业大学.%Type species: Mammilla jinzhaiensis, sp. nov.The new genus is close to Megacanthaspis Takagi, 1961 and Poliaspoides MacGillivray, 1921, but can be distinguished by lacking a perivulvar pore and having 4 microtubular duct groups in venter. It also differs from the other genus in this family by presence of the marginal mammilla spine.Mammilla jinzhaiensis, sp. nov. (Figs 1-16)Scales of females elongate 1.6-2.0 mm long, 0.6-0.7 mm wide. White in color, one exuviae apical, elliptical, pale yellow-brown.Body of the adult female elongate, pale yellow, about 1.3-1.8 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm wide, the apex of head somewhat sclerotized; margin and submargin of pygidium heavily sclerotized with radialized carinae mammary-like spine present along body margin.Dorsal surface: The dorsal ducts of one type, two-barred, arranged in rows in abdominal segments, irregular in the cephalo-thoracic region. Simple pores and minute setae sparse.Ventral surface: Antennae tubercular, with two long setaes and one short seta. Ventral ducts of two types: small ducts and minute ducts. Small ducts distributed in submargin, microducts numerous, forming 4 groups around anterior and posterior spiracular, and with irregular distribution on venter. Anterion and posterior the spiracular of near with quinquelocular pores 4-5, the dens of spiracular with quinquelocular pores 10-12.Apex of abdomen: The pygidial end subcircular, with a marked "∧"-like notch, each side of the notch with 1 pointed spine, 2 spines with round apex. Anal ring little and circular. With 2 minute setae located on the dorsum of the notch centered. Vulvar on the ventral surface of notch, without perivulvar pores.Holotype: ♀, Jinzhai County, Anhui Province, China, 18-VIII-2005, WU Shi-jun; Paratypes: 8♀♀, same data as the holotype.

  1. Lower Cretaceous angiosperm leaf from Wuhe in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A new early angiosperm leaf species is reported from the Xinzhuang Formation in Wuhe County, Anhui Province. It is probably of Barremian or slightly later in geological age. The fossil leaf is small, no more than 0.6 cm both in length and in width. The leaf veins are well preserved and clearly visible under a low power microscope. Leaf architectural analysis shows that such a leaf should belong to the first leaf rank of Hickey, I.e. The most primitive one. There are no early angiosperm leaves published completely similar to ours. A new species name of Dicotylophyllum minutissimum sp. Nov. Is established for the present leaf fossils.

  2. Safety of measles-containing vaccines in post-marketing surveillance in Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Fan-Ya; Sun, Yong; Shen, Yong-Gang; Pan, Hai-Feng; Tang, Ji-Hai; Wang, Bin-Bing; Wu, Chang-Hao; Ye, Dong-Qing

    2017-01-01

    The safety of measles vaccination is of great interest and importance to public health practice and the general society. We have analyzed the adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) of currently used measles-containing vaccines (including live attenuated measles vaccine, live attenuated measles and rubella combined vaccine, live attenuated measles and mumps combined vaccine, live attenuated Measles, Mumps and Rubella Combined Vaccine) in Anhui Province, China. From 2009 to 2014, 9.9 million doses of measles-containing vaccines were administrated and 1893 AEFIs were found (191.4 per million doses), of which, 33 serious AEFIs (3.3 per million vaccine doses) were reported. 59.4% (1124 cases) were male cases, and 85.1% (1611 cases) occurred in persons aged < 1 year. 93.3% (1766 cases) occurred at the first dose of vaccination and 95.9% (1815 cases) were found within 3 days after vaccination. This study presents up-to-date data and suggests that the measles-containing vaccines used in Anhui Province of China are safe. PMID:28192490

  3. Safety of measles-containing vaccines in post-marketing surveillance in Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Fan-Ya; Sun, Yong; Shen, Yong-Gang; Pan, Hai-Feng; Tang, Ji-Hai; Wang, Bin-Bing; Wu, Chang-Hao; Ye, Dong-Qing

    2017-01-01

    The safety of measles vaccination is of great interest and importance to public health practice and the general society. We have analyzed the adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) of currently used measles-containing vaccines (including live attenuated measles vaccine, live attenuated measles and rubella combined vaccine, live attenuated measles and mumps combined vaccine, live attenuated Measles, Mumps and Rubella Combined Vaccine) in Anhui Province, China. From 2009 to 2014, 9.9 million doses of measles-containing vaccines were administrated and 1893 AEFIs were found (191.4 per million doses), of which, 33 serious AEFIs (3.3 per million vaccine doses) were reported. 59.4% (1124 cases) were male cases, and 85.1% (1611 cases) occurred in persons aged < 1 year. 93.3% (1766 cases) occurred at the first dose of vaccination and 95.9% (1815 cases) were found within 3 days after vaccination. This study presents up-to-date data and suggests that the measles-containing vaccines used in Anhui Province of China are safe.

  4. Epidemiology, clinical and laboratory characteristics of currently alive HIV-1 infected former blood donors naive to antiretroviral therapy in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Jian-qing; SU Bing; DING Xin-ping; GAO Bing; GU Yong-bin; CAO Xiao-yun; XING Hui; HONG Kun-xue; PENG Hong; ZHAO Quan-bi; YUAN Lin; WANG Jian-jun; FENG Yi; ZHANG Gui-yun; MA Li-ying; WU Lan; SHAO Yi-ming; HAN Li-feng; XU Chen; RUAN Yu-hua; XU Zhen-hou; CHEN Xi; LIU Zhen-dong; WANG Jun

    2006-01-01

    Background Unregulated commercial blood/plasma collection among farmers occurred between 1992 and 1995 in central China and caused the second major epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)infection in China. It is important to characterize HIV-1-infected former blood donors and to study characteristics associated with disease progression for future clinical intervention and vaccine development.Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on HIV-1-infected former blood donors (FBDs) and age-matched HIV-seronegative local residents. Demographic, epidemiologic, clinical and key laboratory data were collected from all study participants. Both unadjusted and adjusted multivariate linear regressions were employed to analyze the association of the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts with other characteristics.Results Two hundred and ninety-four HIV-1-infected FBDs and 59 age-matched HIV-seronegative local residents were enrolled in this study. The unregulated blood/plasma collection occurred more than a decade (10.8- 12.8 years) ago, which caused the rapid spread of HIV-1 infection and the high prevalence of co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV, 89.5%); hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection was observed in only 11 HIV+participants (3.7%). Deterioration in both clinical manifestation and laboratory parameters and increase of viral loads were observed in parallel with the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts. The decrease of total lymphocyte counts (P<0.001)and hemoglobin levels (P<0.001) and the appearance of dermatosis (P=0.03) were observed in parallel with the decrease of CD4+ T-cell counts whereas viral loads (P<0.001) and CD8+ T-cell counts (P=0.01) were inversely associated with CD4+ T-cell counts.Conclusions Co-infection with HCV but not HBV is highly prevalent among HIV-1-infected FBDs. CD4+ T-cell counts is a reliable indicator for disease progression among FBDs. Total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin level and appearance of dermatosis were positively

  5. Origin and evolution of ore-forming fluids in the Hemushan magnetite-apatite deposit, Anhui Province, Eastern China, and their metallogenic significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Gan; Zhang, Zhiyu; Du, Yangsong; Pang, Zhenshan; Zhang, Yanwen; Jiang, Yongwei

    2015-12-01

    The Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt in the northern Yangtze Block is one of the most important economic mineral districts in China. The Hemushan deposit is a medium-class Fe deposit located in the southern part of the Ningwu iron ore district of the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt. The Fe-orebodies are mainly hosted in the contact zone between diorite and Triassic marble. The actinolite-phlogopite-apatite-magnetite ore shows metasomatic/filling textures and disseminated/mesh-vein structures. Based on evidences and petrographic observations, the ore-forming process can be divided into three distinct periods-the early metallogenic period (albite-diopside stage), the middle metallogenic period (magnetite stage and hematite stage), and the late metallogenic period (quartz-pyrite stage and carbonate stage). Fluid inclusion studies show four types of inclusions: type I daughter mineral-bearing three-phase inclusions (L + V + S), type II vapor-rich two-phase inclusions (L + V), type III liquid-rich two phase inclusions (L + V), and minor type IV liquid-phase inclusions (L). Apatites from the magnetite stage contain type I, type II and type III inclusions; anhydrites from the hematite stage mainly contain abundant type II inclusions and relatively less type I inclusions; quartz and calcite from the late metallogenic stage are mainly characterized by type III inclusions. Laser Raman spectroscopy and microthermometry of fluid inclusions show that the ore-forming fluids broadly correspond to unsaturated NaCl-H2O system. From the magnetite stage to the carbonate stage, the ore-forming fluids evolved from moderate-high temperature (average 414 °C), moderate salinity (average 25.01 wt.% NaCl equiv.) conditions to low temperature (average 168 °C), low salinity (average 6.18 wt.% NaCl equiv.) conditions. Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic studies indicate that the ore-forming fluid during the early stage of middle metallogenic period was mainly of magmatic

  6. Characteristics of PAHs Contamination in Soil and Vegetable in Typical City Outskirt of Anhui Province, China%安徽省典型城市周边土壤-蔬菜中PAHs的污染特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜红建; 魏俊岭; 马静静; 郑彬

    2012-01-01

    Residual levels of polyaromatic hydrocarbons(PAIIs) in 38 vegetable soils, as well as bioaccumulation of PAHs from soils to different vegetables in Hefei, Wuhu and Rozhou cities of Anhui Province were investigated by using accelerated solvent extraction and high performance liquid chromatography methods. Results revealed that the levels of total 15 PAHs( except Nap) in surface soils(0~20 cm) collected from different vegetable bases were ranged from 58.2 μg·kg-1 to 437.8 ·μg·kg-1, and the amounts of three and four rings PAHs were more than 70% of the total PAHs tested in soils. The contents of 15 PAHs in carrot, spinach and eggplant were ranged from 23.4 μg·kg-1 to 209.1 μg· kg-1 with the mean level of 120.7μg·kg-1. The quantities of low molecular PAHs(three and four rings) were higher than the high molecular PAHs(five and six rings) detected in vegetables, and three and four rings PAHs were between 92.8% and 94.4% of the total PAHs detected in vegetables. Eight carcinogen PAHs contents were ranged from 11.5 μg·kg-1 to 17.4 μg·kg-1, occupying 9.80% to 13.8% of total PAHs tested in vegetables. The contents of BaP in vegetables were lower than the Chinese standard limits of 5μg·kg-1 in food. The bioaccumulation factors(BAFs) of 15 PAHs in different vegetables were ranged from 0.10 to 9.20, and the highest BAFs of PAHs in vegetables were ten times higher than the lowest one. The BAFs of PAHs in vegetable were in the order of:carrot>spinach>eggplant. The highest BAFs in vegetable were Fle, which was 9.20, 7.07 and 5.48 in carrot, spinach and eggplant respectively. Results from this study provided invaluable data for judging soil quality and vegetable safety in Anhui Province of China.%研究了安徽省合肥、芜湖和亳州市周边蔬菜地土壤和蔬菜中PAHs的含量及其污染特征.结果表明:安徽省典型蔬菜地土壤中15种PAHs(除萘外)的残留总量在58.2~437.8μg·kg-1之间,三环和四环PAHs占PAHs残留总量的70%

  7. Change of Tourism Policy and Its Spatial Response of Anhui Province, China%安徽省旅游政策变迁及其空间响应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩卢敏; 陆林; 杨兴柱

    2016-01-01

    The evolution of tourism spatial structure was impacted profoundly by institutional elements in addi-tion to resource endowments, levels of economic development, transportation and other factors. Based on the perspective of supply demand analysis, this article constructed the theoretical framework of tourism policy change and its spatial response, according to the path dependence theory and the interest groups theory of new institutional economics. We explored the path and motivation of tourism policy change to reveal the inner link between the tourism policy change and the development of the tourism spatial structure. And meanwhile, we took Anhui Province as an example, according to the different stages of the development of tourism industry, the change of tourism policy was divided into three periods:the formation period, the intensive period and the coordination and integration period, whose spatial response of the tourism industry was point pattern, single plate pattern and multi plate spatial pattern, respectively. We found that in the background of China's economic system transition, the tourism development was converted from the government-led to the market-led, tourism policies motivated the interest groups to invest tourism nodes, transportation facilities and so on, through its ef-fect mechanism in different periods, and promoted the evolution of tourism spatial pattern from the point pat-tern to the plate pattern, the spatial response intensity of the tourism policy depended on the degree of govern-ment information and the degree of incentive of the policy to the interest groups.%借助于经济学供给需求分析视角,构建旅游政策变迁及其空间响应的理论框架,根据新制度经济学路径依赖理论和利益集团理论,探寻旅游政策变迁的路径和动因,揭示旅游政策变迁和旅游空间结构发展演化的内在联系.并以安徽省为例,根据改革开放之后安徽省旅游业发展的不同阶段,将旅游政

  8. Characteristics of the eukaryotic community structure in acid mine drainage lake in Anhui Province, China%安徽某铁矿酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娜; 郝春博; 王丽华; 李思远; 冯传平

    2012-01-01

    [目的]研究酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构特征以及群落结构与环境因子之间的关系.[方法]利用分子生物学方法,通过构建18S rRNA基因克隆文库进行系统发育分析;利用典范对应分析(CCA)方法解析环境因子对真核生物群落结构的影响.[结果]系统发育分析表明:子囊菌门(Ascomycota)普遍存在于4个样品中,并在样品1和样品3中占统治地位,而绿藻门(Chlorophyta)和担子菌门(Basidiomycota)分别为样品2和样品4的优势类群.该酸性矿山废水中的克隆与许多已知的耐酸耐重金属真核生物亲缘关系较近,如Sarcinomyces petricola、Penicillium janthinellum、Coniochaeta velutina、Trichoderma viride、Chlorella protothecoides var.acidicola、Ochromonas sp.等.此外,样品中还存在大量的已知人类病原菌,如Lecythophora hoffmannii、Cryptococcus neoformans.CCA分析表明:TN、SO24-、Fe2+、Eh是影响真核生物群落空间分布的主要因素.[结论]所研究的酸性矿山废水中真核生物的群落结构在时间和空间上均有较大差异,这可能与水体的理化性质有关;高含量人类致病菌的存在是之前研究所未发现的;酸性环境中真核生物的生态学研究有助于开发高效处理酸性矿山废水的方法.%[Objective] We characterized eukaryotic community structure and the relationship between the community structure and environmental factors in acidic mine drainage (AMD) lake of a sulfide mine in Anhui Province, China. [Methods] The 18S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed by using molecular biology techniques to analyze the eukaryotic phylogenetic relationships, and the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was used to analyze the relationship between the community structure and environmental factors. [Results] The phylogenetic analysis shows that Ascomycota is widespread in the four samples and dominated in the AMD-1 and AMD-3 clone libraries, whereas Chlorophyta and

  9. Connection of Farmland Consolidation Construction Works in Northern Anhui Plain:A Case Study of Si County of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei HE; Zhongxiang YU; Chen YAO

    2016-01-01

    The connection of farmland consolidation construction works was studied,to provide theoretical and practical basis for bringing into play optimal functions.It employed theoretical analysis method,case analysis method,and experience summary method.Through empirical study of Si County in Anhui Province,it further analyzed connection of four works:land consolidation,irrigation and drainage,field roads,farmland protection,and ecological and environmental protection,to provide methods and possibilities for coordination and connection of four works.It is required to take the land consolidation as a system,take full consideration of all aspects,attach great importance to connection of four works,so as to bring into full play optimal functions and realize sustainable use of land resources and sustainable development of social economy.

  10. Quaternary Volcanic Activities in Shandong Peninsula and Northern Parts of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洪汉; 高维明; 等

    1990-01-01

    Quaternary volcanic rocks often coexist with loess,as observed in the same geologic sections in the Shandong Peninsula and northern parts of Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.The development age of Shandong loess in close to that in the middle reaches of the Yellow River.Loess strata are of synchronous implication in the loess belt of North China.So the ages of volcanic activities can be es-timated approximately from the stratigraphic relations between loess layers and volcanic rocks.The re-sults of dating of the Quaternary volcanic rocks,baked layers and the TL dates of loess samples sug-gest that the Quaternary volcanic activity can be divided into 4 stages in the region studied,with the ages being 1.15-1.03,0.86-0.72,0.55-0.33 and 0.02 Ma B.P.respectively .The occurrence of tephra in the Shandong loess sections is possible due to multiple episodes of volcanism during the Quaternary time.

  11. 安徽省七种蜜蜂病毒的发生与流行研究%Occurrence and distribution of seven bee viruses in Apis mellifera andApis cerana in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪天澍; 施腾飞; 刘芳; 余林生; 齐磊; 孟祥金

    2015-01-01

    [目的]调查安徽省内7种常见蜜蜂病毒:蜜蜂畸翅病毒(Deformed wing virus,DWV)、以色列急性麻痹病毒(Israeli acute paralysis virus,IAPV)、急性蜜蜂麻痹病毒(Acute bee paralysis virus,ABPV)、慢性麻痹病毒(Chronic bee paralysis virus,CBPV)、黑蜂王台病毒(Black queen cell virus,BQCV)、囊状幼虫病病毒(Sacbrood virus,SBV)、克什米尔病毒(Kashmir bee virus,KBV)的感染发生情况,为安徽养蜂业可持续健康发展提供理论依据.[方法] 运用反转录 RT-PCR 和序列分析比对的方法对安徽省内 21 个乡镇中的 38 个蜂场蜜蜂样品进行研究分析,以获得以上 7 种蜜蜂病毒的特异性发生情况.[结果]意大利蜜蜂Apis mellifera蜂场感染率:DWV(64%),IAPV(43%),CBPV(32%),ABPV(14%), BQCV(11%);中华蜜蜂Apis cerana蜂场感染率:DWV (80%),IAPV (40%),CBPV (30%),ABPV (10%), BQCV(0).SBV和KBV在所有的蜜蜂样品中均未检测到.[结论] DWV,IAPV,CBPV,ABPV,BQCV在安徽省内大范围都存在发生流行现象,SBV和KBV对安徽蜜蜂的潜在危害可能性小.%[Objectives] To conduct the first detailed survey of seven bee viruses; deformed wing virus (DWV), sacbrood virus (SBV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), black queen cell virus (BQCV), Kashmir bee virus (KBV), and Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV), inApis mellifera andA. Cerana in Anhui. We hope this work will help bee researchers and related institutions monitor honey bee health in Anhui, and warn them of the potential threat from bee viruses to the sustainable development of apiculture in that province.[Methods] We used reverse transcriptase PCR and sequence analysis to survey the above seven honey bee viruses in most of Anhui. Samples of worker bees were collected from apiaries in 21 towns, including 28 samples ofA. Mellifera and 10 ofA. Cerana.[Results] Virus frequencies inA. Mellifera samples were as follows; 64% of apiaries were infected with DWV, 43% with IAPV, 32

  12. Analysis of the Contribution of Total Factor Productivity to Agricultural Yield in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By analyzing data concerning agricultural development from 1981 to 2010 in Anhui Province,the total factor productivity and growth rate of agriculture from 1981 to 2010 are estimated empirically.By dividing years from 1981 to 2010 into several subintervals,this paper evaluates and analyzes initial stage of reform and opening up,soft landing stage,the stage of financial crisis,the stage of subprime mortgage crisis and the impact of all factors on total factor growth rate of agriculture.Then it analyzes the contribution of growth of total factor productivity to total yield of agricultural economy.The research finds that the growth of total factor productivity in Anhui Province is significant to agricultural development.

  13. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  14. Agricultural Eco-efficiency Evaluation in Anhui Province: An Empirical Analysis Based on DEA Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zunyi; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    According to the eco-efficiency theory, combined with agricultural production characteristics, I point out the environmental impact and substance energy consumption characteristics of agricultural production. Based on this, I establish the eco-efficiency evaluation indicator system for agricultural production, and conduct a comprehensive analysis on the agricultural eco-efficiency of 17 prefecture-level cities in Anhui Province, using data envelopment analysis method.

  15. Grey Correlation Between Agricultural Input Factors and Regional GDP Growth in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In order to analyze the relation between agricultural input factors and economic growth in Anhui Province,the evaluation index system of agricultural input is built from the perspectives of subject,object and tools based on grey system theory. The government investment in agricultural science and technology is selected as the index of labor subject,that is labor-related index(X1) ,the total sown area of crops is selected as the index of labor object(X2) ,the investment in rural water and electricity construction is chosen as the index of tools(X3) ,and the GDP of Anhui Province is denoted by X0. According to the relevant data,the improved model of grey correlation analysis is adopted to calculate the correlation among the investment in agricultural water and electricity construction,total sown area of crops,government investment in agricultural science and technology,and the GDP in Anhui Province during 2004-2008. Results show that investment in agricultural science and technology contribute the largest to GDP growth,the increase and change of the total sown area and the investment in rural water and electricity construction have a weak correlation with GDP,they are in a less consistent development trend. On this basis,the government of Anhui Province further proposes to increase the investment in agricultural science and technology,enhance the protection of arable lands,keep the total sown area of crops,and properly maintain the rural water and electricity construction.

  16. Change in Ecosystem Service Value Arising from Land Consolidation Planning in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shaojia; CAO; Chen; LI; Shuhua; CAO; Zhe; PENG; Lingli; YANG

    2013-01-01

    The evaluation of change in ecosystem service value arising from land consolidation planning is an important aspect of environmental impact assessment of land consolidation. By estimating the change in ecosystem service value before and after the implementation of land consolidation planning, it is able to quantitatively describe the change in ecosystem service value arising from land consolidation planning, so as to provide a quantitative basis for the environmental impact assessment of land consolidation. Taking the case of Anhui Province, the authors developed the equivalency factor table of ecosystem service value, to determine the economic value of single equivalency factor of ecological service value in the study area, calculate per unit area of ecological service value of land ecosystem in the study area, and research the change in ecosystem service value before and after the implementation of land consolidation planning in Anhui Province. The results show that after the implementation of a new round of land consolidation planning in Anhui Province, the total ecosystem service value may decrease to some extent, the farmland ecosystem service value substantially increases, while water body ecosystem service value greatly decreases.

  17. A Study of Human-Land Linking Policy Based on Urbanization Away from Home: A Case Study of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kuang WANG; Zhongxiang YU

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes the features and trends of urbanization away from home in Anhui Province,and believes that the cross-city floating population in the province shows a expanding scale,and dual cores of the province has obvious attractiveness. This paper also analyzes the relations between urban-rural construction land and urban-rural population transformation in the province,and expounds the possibility and necessity of carrying out human-land linking policy northern Anhui-Wanjiang. Based on the factors affecting human-land linking policy,this paper recommends that we should establish cross-regional trading policy system for land development rights in Anhui Province from four key links( urban entry,urban integration,rural exit,common urban-rural development),in order to effectively promote migrant workers’ citizenization.

  18. Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Y

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Yan Chen,1 Yaowen Kang,2 Weizhi Gong,3 Lianping He,1 Yuelong Jin,1 Xiaoyue Zhu,1 Yingshui Yao1 1School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 2Fushun Administrative College, Fushun, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China; 3Guangdong Polytechnic of Industry and Commerce, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Background and aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and prevalence of Internet addiction (IA in adolescents so as to provide a scientific basis for the communities, schools, and families.Methods: We conducted a survey by randomized cluster sampling on 5,249 students, grades ranging from 7 to 12, in Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. The questionnaire consisted of general information and IA test. Chi-square test was used to compare the status of IA disorder (IAD.Results: In our results, the overall detection rate of IAD and non-IAD in students was 8.7% (459/5,249 and 76.2% (4,000/5,249, respectively. The detection rate of IAD in males (12.3% was higher than females (4.9%. The detection rate of IAD was statistically different between students from rural (8.2% and urban (9.3% areas, among students from different grades, between students from only-child families (9.5% and non-only-child families (8.1%, and among students from different family types.Conclusion: Prevalence of IA is high among Chinese adolescents. IAD has more effect on male students, single-child families, single-parent families, and higher grade students. We should take more care of male students, only-child students, and students living with their fathers, and related education should be strengthen for susceptible subjects of IDA. Keywords: adolescents, addictive behavior, Internet, health surveys 

  19. Survey on fungi contamination of wheat harvested in 2015 from Anhui Province of China%安徽省部分地区2015年产小麦真菌污染调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文静; 韩小敏; 张靖; 潘琢; 李凤琴; 张立实

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the fungi contamination of wheat harvested in 2015 in order to provide the basis for fungi and mycotoxin control and study in predictive microbiology.Methods Organoleptic examinations and thousand-grain weight check were conducted for wheat kernel samples collected without storage from five regions of Anhui Prov-ince harvested in 2015.Wheat kernels were sterilized and inoculated onto potato dextrose agar medium plates which contained 0.1 g /L chloramphenicol.The colony-forming units of fungi germinated were enumerated,classified and identified after incubation for 5 d at (28 ±1)℃.Results Varied amounts of gibberella damaged wheat kernels were observed in each sample,the frequencies ranging from 8.0% to 20.0%.The average value of thousand-grain weight ranged from 39.8 to 48.5 g.The frequency of scabby wheat kernels had negative correlation with thousand-grain weight (r =-0.98).The frequency of wheat samples contaminated by fungi was up to 100.0%,and the predominant was Alternaria species.Conclusion The wheat kernels collected from five regions of Anhui Province harvested in 2015 are seriously contaminated by fungi and the frequency of scabby wheat kernels is pretty high.There is a need to focus on the detection of mycotoxins combined with a risk assessment of different mycotoxins in wheat and its products to Chinese population.%目的:调查安徽省部分地区2015年产小麦真菌污染情况,为评估粮食中真菌侵染及真菌毒素污染状况、进一步开展预测微生物学研究提供依据。方法采集安徽省五地市2015年产未经储存的小麦籽粒,进行感官检查和千粒重计数。采用点种法将麦粒样品接种于含0.1 g /L 氯霉素的马铃薯葡萄糖琼脂(PDA)平板,于(28±1)℃培养5 d 后,进行菌落计数和菌种鉴定。结果感官检查显示,每份小麦样品均检出数量不等的赤霉病粒,范围在8.0%~20.0%之间,千粒重平均值范围在39

  20. 人民币汇率波动对安徽省外贸企业的影响%The Influence of the Fluctuations of RMB Exchange Rate on Foreign Trade Enterprise in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄润源

    2014-01-01

    随着安徽省经济对外开放水平的不断提升,人民币汇率的波动对安徽外贸的影响愈发显著。安徽作为我国中部崛起战略的重要经济增长极,其外贸企业合理应对汇率波动对于安徽的发展至关重要。本文采用PEST分析,通过研究安徽省经济发展水平及其产业布局结构,结合05年汇率改革以来人民币汇率走势和对于未来的预期。分析其对安徽外贸发展带来的现实影响,同时提出相应的措施建议。以期促进安徽省经济又好又快发展。%With the continuous opening of Anhui economy, the influence of the fluctuations of RMB exchange rate on foreign trade enterprises in Anhui is more and more prominent. Anhui is an important economic growth pole in the rise of central China strategy, so the rational handling of the fluctuations of RMB ex-change rate by foreign trade enterprises in Anhui is of great sig-nificance to Anhui development. Adopting PEST analysis, through studying the economic development level and industrial layout structure in Anhui Province, combined with the tendency and future expectations of RMB exchange rate since the exchange rate reform in 2005, this paper analyzed its influence on the de-velopment of foreign trade enterprises in Anhui, and proposed corresponding measures and suggestions, hoping to promote the sound and fast economic development in Anhui Province.

  1. Marketing Situation of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited (ICBC) Anhui Anqing Branch

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd. (ICBC) is the largest bank of the four state-owned commercial banks in China. The bank has many provincial branches and one of them is the Commercial Bank of China Ltd (ICBC) Anhui Anqing Branch situated in the City of Anqing. The objective of this thesis was to study the market situation of ICBC Anhui Anqing Branch in Anqing city and to find out the main problems in the operation of the bank. Both a quantitative questionnaire survey and qualit...

  2. Research on Compensation Mechanism of Land Acquisition in Rural Areas Based on the Practice of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huixian ZHOU; Zhongxiang YU

    2016-01-01

    With the continuous development of Chinese economy and rapid progress it has made,land demand for urban construction becomes larger and larger. Rural urbanization has a great relation to common prosperity and plays a key role in realizing the 21 st century great dream of Chinese people of all ethnic groups. Because of the complicated situation of land acquisition and compensation mechanism,we will conduct a systematic analysis on the compensation mechanism of land acquisition in Anhui Province and put forward the compensation methods to perfect the compensation mechanism according to the present compensation mechanism and the existing shortages of land acquisition in Anhui Province.

  3. The Fossils in Shangxi Group and Its Implication for Tectonics, Southern Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐树桐; 陈冠宝; 陶正; 石永红; 孙枢; Kenneth J.Hsu; 尹磊明; 欧阳舒; 廖卓庭

    1994-01-01

    The Shangxi Group is the local name in southern Anhui Province and it is believed to be the equivalence of the well-known Banxi Group in Hunan Province, southern China. So the area occupied by the Shangxi Group was regarded as a part of the "Jiangnan old land" of Presinian till it was challenged by the present authors years ago. After we postulated that there may be some strata of Palaeozoic Era in Shangxi Group, some microfossils and then macrofossils of Palaeozoic were found in some part of it. The macrof os-sils, Lingula sp. , Conulariid and the microfossils indicate that most units of the Shangxi Group are Palaeozoic strata. Based on the discovery of these fossils and the recognition of the tectonic-setting of the different tectono-petrologic units in the Shangxi Group, three different stratigraphic sequences (island-arc volcanics, back-arc sediments and the cover of passive margin of Yangtze Continental Plate) are established and the tectonic evolution of them is postulated in the present paper. Al

  4. Discussion on Deep Tectonic Background of Moderately Strong Earthquake in Anhui Province and Its Neighboring Areas Using Results of Seismic Tomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Jie; Shen Xiaoqi; Wang Xingzhou; Shen Yelong

    2006-01-01

    Using the latest results of seismic tomography, we studied the deep tectonic settings of the moderate and strong earthquakes in Anhui Province and its neighboring areas (28°~ 39°N,112°~ 124°E). The results are as follows: (1) There exists a certain correlation between the location of moderate-strong earthquake, the geologic structure of the surface and the partitioning of active tectonic elements with the upper-crust velocity structure. Most earthquakes recording M ≥ 6.0 occur in high-velocity zones or in the transitional areas between high-velocity and low-velocity zones in the upper crust. Seismicity in the low-velocity zone has a lesser impact. Earthquakes occuring in the high-velocity zone are distributed mainly in the velocity variation area. The boundary belts and the interior of the North China plain fault block are the main active sites of moderate-strong earthquakes. Beneath the fault basins in the western and northern sides of the block, the upper crust is characterized by a wide discontinuous distribution in the low-velocity zone, and in the transition zone from the low- to higl velocities, the moderate strong seismicity shows a zonal distribution where active faults are developed. The NW-extension Zhoukou-Hefei-Xuancheng low-velocity zone separates the high-velocity zones of Dabieshan Mountains and west Shandong-Anhui, and moderate-strong earthquakes on its northern side bordering the high-velocity zones are relatively frequent. This low-velocity zone is probably an important and deeply structured boundary between the North China and the South China tectonic provinces. (2) The frequent moderate-strong earthquake recorded in the past and the recent small earthquake activities in the Huoshan-Lu' an area are the result of a low-velocity zone in the middle crust beneath the central part of Dabieshan and the two sets of deep faults that cut through the crust. (3) In terms of deep structures, the distribution of moderate-strong earthquake in Anhui

  5. Anhui province exit employment research%安徽省出境就业研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世军; 李明发

    2011-01-01

    In recent years the domain of cross-border employment of AnhuiProvince has been broaden,the structure of it has been optimized,the scale of it has been constantly expanded but it still has great potential.At present there are someproblems in cross-border employment of Anhui Province,for example,themanagement system is vague,the labour service information transmission is seized up,the labour personnel training is insufficient and the hazard warning and precaution system is incomplete and so on.It should be improved from the aspects of government policy supporting,information network establishment,personnel training and risk guarding,and so on.%近年来安徽省出境就业领域拓宽、结构优化,出境就业规模不断扩大,但发展出境就业仍然具有很大潜力。目前安徽省出境就业存在管理体制不明、劳务信息传输不畅、劳务人员培训力度不够、风险预警及防范体系不全等问题,应从政府政策支持、信息网络建立、人员培训和风险防范等方面加以改进。

  6. Distribution and identification of cereal cyst nematodes on wheat in Anhui Province, China%安徽省小麦孢囊线虫的发生分布与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶玲; 吴慧平; 彭德良; 吴向晖; 张胜

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to survey distribution, species of cereal cyst nematode (CCN) and re lationship among CCN species in Anhui Province. White female of wheat root system in Huaibei wheat areas were investigated; soil samples of wheat rhizosphere were collected with "Zig-Zag" method in Huaiyuan county and other counties; cysts were separated by Fenwick & Oostenbrink method from those samples; second-stage juveniles (J2) were obtained by hatching cyst; CCN was identified based on morphologic characteristics of cyst perinea pattern and de-man data; and the genetic relationships were analyzed by amplified ITS characteristic fragment and phylogenetic tree built with MEGA5.05. The results showed that CCN was detected from 52% sam ple sites, from all the samples of wheat areas in the northern part of the Huai River, and from 7% sample sites in Jianghuai wheat areas. No CCN was detected from wheat areas in the southern part of the Changjiang River. Oc currence of CCN in Yingshang and other 4 counties were identified as Heterodera avenae, and occurrence area of H. Avenae was up to 41.6% of wheat areas in the northern part of the Huai River. Huaiyuan population of H.avenae is distantly related with other 4 H.avenae populations, and certain morphological differences exist among the 5 H.avenae populations, but with no consistency to the genetic relationships.%为了解小麦孢囊线虫(Cereal cyst nematode,CCN)在安徽省的分布和主要麦区CCN的种类,以及群体间关系,调查了淮北等麦区小麦根系白雌虫,用“Zig-Zag”法在怀远等地采集土样,用Fenwick & Oostenbrink 法分离土样中的孢囊并孵化得2龄幼虫,利用孢囊阴门锥形态及de-man法鉴定CCN种类,扩增ITS特征片段,用MEGA5.05构建系统发育树.结果表明,安徽省52%采样点检出CCN,淮河以北采样点均检出CCN,江淮麦区7%的采样点检出CCN,长江以南麦区采样点未检出CCN.发生在怀远、凤台、灵璧、界首和颍上麦区

  7. Geochemistry of environmentally sensitive trace elements in Permian coals from the Huainan coalfield, Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J.; Liu, Gaisheng; Jiang, M.; Chou, C.-L.; Li, H.; Wu, B.; Zheng, Lingyun; Jiang, D.

    2011-01-01

    To study the geochemical characteristics of 11 environmentally sensitive trace elements in the coals of the Permian Period from the Huainan coalfield, Anhui province, China, borehole samples of 336 coals, two partings, and four roof and floor mudstones were collected from mineable coal seams. Major elements and selected trace elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HAAS). The depositional environment, abundances, distribution, and modes of occurrence of trace elements were investigated. Results show that clay and carbonate minerals are the principal inorganic constituents in the coals. A lower deltaic plain, where fluvial channel systems developed successively, was the likely depositional environment of the Permian coals in the Huainan coalfield. All major elements have wider variation ranges than those of Chinese coals except for Mg and Fe. The contents of Cr, Co, Ni, and Se are higher than their averages for Chinese coals and world coals. Vertical variations of trace elements in different formations are not significant except for B and Ba. Certain roof and partings are distinctly higher in trace elements than underlying coal bench samples. The modes of occurrence of trace elements vary in different coal seams as a result of different coal-forming environments. Vanadium, Cr, and Th are associated with aluminosilicate minerals, Ba with carbonate minerals, and Cu, Zn, As, Se, and Pb mainly with sulfide minerals. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  8. Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yan; Kang, Yaowen; Gong, Weizhi; He, Lianping; Jin, Yuelong; Zhu, Xiaoyue; Yao, Yingshui

    2016-01-01

    Background and aim The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in adolescents so as to provide a scientific basis for the communities, schools, and families. Methods We conducted a survey by randomized cluster sampling on 5,249 students, grades ranging from 7 to 12, in Anhui province, People’s Republic of China. The questionnaire consisted of general information and IA test. Chi-square test was used to compare the status of IA disorder (IAD). Results In our results, the overall detection rate of IAD and non-IAD in students was 8.7% (459/5,249) and 76.2% (4,000/5,249), respectively. The detection rate of IAD in males (12.3%) was higher than females (4.9%). The detection rate of IAD was statistically different between students from rural (8.2%) and urban (9.3%) areas, among students from different grades, between students from only-child families (9.5%) and non-only-child families (8.1%), and among students from different family types. Conclusion Prevalence of IA is high among Chinese adolescents. IAD has more effect on male students, single-child families, single-parent families, and higher grade students. We should take more care of male students, only-child students, and students living with their fathers, and related education should be strengthen for susceptible subjects of IDA. PMID:27621633

  9. Cyclostratigraphy of the Induan (Early Triassic) in West Pingdingshan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Induan sequence in the West Pingdingshan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province, displays a series of superimposed mudstone/limestone cycles. The lithological character of the cycles, combined with power spectral and wavelet analysis of magnetic susceptibility readings, reveals 12 short eccentricity and 56 precession Milankovitch cycles - obliquity cycles are not apparent. The uniformity of cycle thicknesses indicates a stable depositional setting making this section ideal to perform various geological studies. Accordingly, the Induan Stage is estimated to have lasted 1.1 Ma, and the depositional rate for this part of the section is about 3.7 cm/ka. This places the Induan-Olenekian boundary in the West Pingdingshan Section at about 251.5 Ma based on an age of 252.6 Ma for the Permian-Triassic boundary.

  10. Cyclostratigraphy of the Induan (Early Triassic) in West Pingdingshan Section,Chaohu,Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Induan sequence in the West Pingdingshan Section, Chaohu, Anhui Province, displays a series of superimposed mudstone/limestone cycles. The lithological character of the cycles, combined with power spectral and wavelet analysis of magnetic susceptibility readings, reveals 12 short eccentricity and 56 precession Milankovitch cycles - obliquity cycles are not apparent. The uniformity of cycle thicknesses indicates a stable depositional setting making this section ideal to perform various geo-logical studies. Accordingly, the Induan Stage is estimated to have lasted 1.1 Ma, and the depositional rate for this part of the section is about 3.7 cm/ka. This places the Induan-Olenekian boundary in the West Pingdingshan Section at about 251.5 Ma based on an age of 252.6 Ma for the Permian-Triassic boundary.

  11. Evaluation System Construction of Rural Comprehensive Reform Effect in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the perspective of rural comprehensive reform effect and evaluation standard in Anhui Province,according to the experience of relevant regions at home and abroad,we analyze the necessity,reform idea and objective of new round of rural comprehensive reform,in order to review the effect of main policies and measures in the process of reform and construct all-around index system of evaluating comprehensive reform effect scientifically.The results show that by constructing quantified index system including 6 first-level indices,23 second-level indices and 106 third-level indices,we can not only test the effect of one item of reform(like rural compulsory education),but also conduct overall evaluation on effect of comprehensive reform.

  12. [Study on the traditional lime mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Guo-Feng; Sun, Sheng; Wang, Cheng-Xing; Zhang, Bing-Jian; Chen, Xi-Min

    2013-07-01

    The traditional lime mortar was investigated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR). The results show that the mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province was the organic-inorganic composite materials composed of lime with tung oil or sticky rice. It was found that the excellent performance of the tung oil-lime mortar can be explained by the compact lamellar organic-inorganic composite structure that was produced by carbonization reaction of lime, cross-linking reactions of tung oil and oxygen and complexing reaction of Ca2+ and -COO-. The compact micro-structure of sticky rice-lime mortar, which was produced due to carbonation process of lime controlled by amylopectin, should be the cause of the good performance of this kind of organic-inorganic mortar.

  13. 安徽省室内降尘中多环芳烃分布及来源解析%Distribution and source analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in indoor dust from Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李法松; 韩铖; 周葆华; 徐志兵; 王瑜; 林大松; 彭玉美; 姚静波; 金陶胜

    2016-01-01

    采集安徽省内14个采样点的24个室内降尘样品,检测16种多环芳烃(PAHs)含量.结果表明,安徽省不同区域室内降尘中∑PAHs浓度范围为0.52~89.3μg/g,平均浓度为20.7μg/g.降尘中PAHs以5环为主,其次是4环和3环.PAHs 组成分析表明,几乎全部样品中PAHs均以高环(4~6环)为主,其高达60.5%~97.0%,仅在4个样品中检出了较高比例的低环PAHs (2~3环).这说明多数室内降尘中PAHs污染由交通运输(汽车和船舶)以及化工厂等高温燃烧排放造成.而安庆、芜湖及六安地区可能存在较严重的石油污染或煤、木材等低温燃烧源污染.公共场所、城市家庭和农村家庭降尘中PAHs的浓度存在明显的差异,总体上呈现:公共场所>城市家庭>农村家庭.异构体分析表明,公共场所和城市家庭内存在混合来源,而农村家庭以燃烧源为主.致癌能力分析表明,城市家庭降尘中的苯并[a]芘当量(BaPE)值略高于农村家庭.公共场所降尘中的BaPE值远大于家庭场所,是农村家庭或城市家庭场所的2倍多.%Indoor dust samples (n=24) were collected from 14 locations in Anhui province, and concentrations of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured. The results showed that the sum concentrations of 16PAHs (∑PAHs) in all the samples ranged from 0.52 to 89.3μg/g, with a mean value of 20.7μg/g. Five-ring PAH was the predominant PAH component in all samples, followed by 4-ring and 3-ring PAHs. PAHs with high-molecular weight (4 ~ 6rings) are the predominant PAHs in most samples, ranging from 60.5% to 97.0% in ∑PAHs. Relatively high percentages of PAHs with low-molecular weight (2 ~ 3rings) were detected in only 4samples. This indicates the significant contribution of vehicle (automobiles and ships) and high temperature combustion from chemical plant to PAHs emission in most locations. However, potential high PAHs emission from oil, fuel spills and low temperature combustion from coal or

  14. Single- or mixed-sex Schistosoma japonicum infections of intermediate host snails in hilly areas of Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Hui-Ping; Lu, Da-Bing; Shen, Lei; Shi, Tan; Gu, Jian

    2014-02-01

    Schistosomiasis japonicum is one of the most serious communicable diseases, and the transmission of the parasite is dependent of its complex life cycle on which many factors can have an impact. Multiple infections comprising both male and female schistosome within snail intermediate hosts, for example, would facilitate parasite transmission. However, no research on Schistosoma japonicum communities in field-collected Oncomelania hupensis hupensis in relation to schistosome sex has been reported. Therefore, snail survey was performed in a hilly region of Anhui, China, and single- or mixed-sex schistosome infections of snails were detected with final host mouse infection. A total of 8,563 snails were sampled in the field, and 67 were identified with schistosome infections. Of these infected snails, 46 were selected for final host infection. From this, 21 snails were infected with female schistosome, 23 with males and 2 with both males and females. More worms were recovered for snails with mixed-sex infections than with single-sex infection and for snails with male schistosome infection than with female infection (Psnails was significantly higher than would be expected if randomly distributed (Psnails was nearly equal and up to 95.65 % (44/46) of infected snails were single-sex infection. Schistosome infections in snails collected from the hilly area of Anhui Province were not randomly distributed but over-dispersed.

  15. 安徽省2011年新分离的19株狂犬病病毒的N基因序列分析%Sequence analysis on N genes of 19 rabies virus strains isolated from Anhui Province, China in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴杰; 解庭波; 黄思佳; 沈智俊; 王月; 朱理业; 曹明华; 刘红; 徐葛林

    2013-01-01

    目的 对安徽省2011年新分离的19株狂犬病病毒(Rabies virus,RABV)的N基因进行序列分析,并比较其与代表性RABV街毒株及疫苗株之间的差异.方法 采集安徽省淮北地区狗肉市场的犬脑组织121份,伤人犬脑组织10份,采用直接免疫荧光法和双抗体夹心ELISA法检测RABV抗原,并通过颅内接种昆明乳鼠进一步鉴定毒株;RT-PCR扩增分离病毒的N基因,与pMD18-T载体连接测序后,与代表性RABV街毒株及疫苗株的N基因序列进行比对,并进行遗传学分析.结果 在送检的131份犬脑组织样品中检出RABV阳性19株,其中伤人犬脑组织阳性率为90%,狗肉市场犬脑组织阳性率为8.26%.19株RABV N基因核苷酸序列同源性为97.5%~99.7%,推导的氨基酸序列同源性为98.7% ~ 100%;与代表性人用和兽用RABV疫苗株相比,N基因核苷酸序列同源性为85.4% ~ 89.9%,推导的氨基酸序列同源性为94.9%~99.1%,核苷酸序列的变异主要为同义突变.分离的19株RABV在系统进化树上高度聚集,与以往国内分离的代表性街毒株系统进化关系较近,在同一个分支(HN10除外)与我国疫苗株CTN-181株亲缘关系最近,处于同—个亚群.结论 从安徽省伤人犬和狗肉市场的犬脑组织中成功分离并鉴定了19株RABV,这些病毒株均属于基因Ⅰ型RABV,且具有地域性特征.本研究对特定区域RABV的流行及监测具有一定的意义.%Objective To analyze the sequence of N genes of 19 rabies virus (RABV) strains isolated from Anhui Province, China in 2011 as well as its difference with other representative street strains and vaccine strains. Methods The brain tissues of 10 dogs biting people and 121 dogs from dog meat market in Huaibei District, Anhui Province were collected, and detected for RABV antigen by direct immunofluorescent assay , then further identified by intracranial inoculation to Kunming suckling mice. The N gene of RABV was amplified by RT

  16. Metallogenetic Mechanism and Timing of Late Superimposing Fluid Mineralization in the Dongguashan Diplogenetic Stratified Copper Deposit, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Zhaowen; LU Xiancai; LING Hongfei; LU Jianjun; JIANG Shoyong; NIE Guiping; HUANG Shunsheng; HUA Ming

    2005-01-01

    An important diplogenetic mineralization event superimposed on pre-existing exhalation sediments in the Tongling area, Anhui province, was triggered by widespread granitic magmatism along the northeastern margin of the Yangtze Block during 140-135 Ma under extensional tectonic circumstances following the collision between the North China and Yangtze blocks. The main orebodies of the Dongguashan copper deposit, a typical diplogenetic stratified deposit among many polymetallic ore deposits in China, are hosted by strata between Upper Devonian sandstone and Carboniferous limestone, and its mineralization was genetically related to the Qingshanjiao intrusive. The Rb-Sr isotopic isochron of the Qingshanjiao intrusive yields an age of about 136.5±1.4 Ma. The ore-forming fluid reflected by the inclusion fluid in quartz veins is characterized by high temperature and high salinity, and its age was also determined by Rb-Sr isotope dating as 134±11 Ma. Oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition data suggest that the ore-forming fluid was derived mainly from magmatism. By integrating these isotopic dating data, characteristics of fluid inclusions and the geology of the deposit, the mineralization of the Dongguashan copper deposit is divided into two stages. First, a stratiform sedimentary deposit or protore layer formed in the Late Devonian to the Early Carboniferous, while in the second stage the pre-existing protore was superimposed by hydrothermal fluid that was derived from the Yanshanian magmatic activities occurring around 135 Ma ago. This two-stage mineralization formed the Dongguashan statiform copper deposit.Associated "porphyry" mineralization found in the bottom of and in surrounding intrusive rocks of the orebodies might have occurred in the same period as a second-stage mineralization of this deposit.

  17. The geochemical characteristics and oil-source rock correlation of oilshow from the Majiashan profile, Chaoxian County, South of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Youjun; WEN Zhigang; ZAN Ling

    2008-01-01

    In the future time the exploration of marine oil and gas will be one of the significant domains in China. In this paper the biomarker assemblage characteristics of oilshow in the Nanlinghu Formation of the Majiashan profile, which is located in Chaoxian County, south of Anhui Province, are described in the light of gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GCMS) analysis on the qualitative and quantitative basis. Based on the investigation of the biomarker assemblage characteristics of possible source rocks developed in the area studied, a conclusion is drawn that the oilshow was generated from the Nanlinghu Formation source rocks (abbreviated as T1n), instead of the Qixia Formation source rocks (abbreviated as P1q). It is pointed out that the T1n is of strong potential for future oil exploration, and therefore much attention should be paid to it.

  18. Thinking of Higher Vocational Education Development in Anhui and Fujian Province%对皖闽高职教育发展的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光辉

    2012-01-01

    The higher vocational college is an important part of higher education in China. In this paper, it analyses the present situation and the existing problems in higher vocational education in Anhui and Fujian Province, and puts forward some ideas about the development of the higher vocational college, so as to offer references for the development of higher vocational education.%指出了高职院校是我国高等教育的重要组成部分,分析了当前皖闽高职教育现状,从定位、转型、升级等方面探讨了高职教育目前存在的问题,提出了相应的对策与建议,以期为我国高职教育的发展提供参考。

  19. 安徽省物联网发展战略研究%The Study on the Developmental Strategies of IOT in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林芝湘

    2015-01-01

    21st century,people entered the information age,IOT are after another computer and Internet information revolution,IOT has gradually become many national development strategies,and China has also joined the army of the information revolution.As a major agricultural province of Anhui in 2009 also began to pay attention to IOT technical role in promoting development.This paper mainly through field surveys and web search,which conduct research and analysis according to the relevant documents to the provincial government released nearly five years,the sort IOT the development of the province's policy ideas,analyzes the development current situation of IOT in Anhui province,identify deficiencies and propose Measures mainly provides the policy basis for the university,the education sector.%21世纪,人们进入了信息化时代,物联网是继计算机和互联网之后的又一次信息产业革命,物联网也逐渐成为许多国家的发展战略,中国也加入了这次信息产业革命的大军.安徽省作为农业大省也于2009年开始逐渐重视物联网技术在发展中的推动作用.本文主要通过实地调查和网络搜索,从而根据近五年来安徽省政府发布的相关文件进行研究分析,理清我省物联网发展的政策思路,分析我省物联网发展现状,找出不足并提出对策,主要为高校、教育部门提供政策依据.

  20. 安徽当涂湖阳吴语同音字汇%The Homophony Syllabary of Huyang Dialect in Dangtu ,County, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟; 袁丹; 沈瑞清

    2012-01-01

    The paper describes the phonological system and phonetic features of Huyang dialect in Dangtu County, Anhui Province, which is a Wu dialect in southern Anhui, and lists its homophony syllabary.%安徽省当涂县湖阳方言属于皖南吴语,本文在田野调查的基础上,描写了该方言的声韵调,并列出详细的同音字汇。

  1. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwei; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Known as the " food of grain",chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime,its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties( districts) of Anhui Province as samples,the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research shows that farmers applying fertilizer are generally older in age with relatively lower degree of education,inveterate farming habits and small area of cultivation. Besides,the farmer households wish to receive training and guidance on techniques of fertilization,but very few of them have attended the trainings on agricultural technology. Moreover,the individual characteristics and family factors of farmer households have a significant impact on their fertilizer application behaviors. And the degrees of impact are also different for the fertilizer applying behaviors in different stages. Therefore,improving the educational level of farmer households,strengthening the training and promotion of agricultural techniques and accelerating land transfer among farmer households will play a fundamental role in regularizing the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households and improving the quality and safety of agricultural products.

  2. The survey of Cryptosporidium infection among young children in kindergartens in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Lu; Chaopin Li; Shan Jiang; Song Ye

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To study the Cryptospondium infection among young children in Anhui province, and to explore the best way to diagnose the disease. Methods: Stool specimens of 1204 children were collected; oocysts of Cryptosporidium were identified with auramine O-modified staining, acid-fast staining, safranine T and methylene blue staining, and auramine O-modified acid-fast staining. Results:The detectable rate of Cryptosporidium in four stainings were respectively 2.46%, 1.50%, 1.98% and 3.46%, and there was a higher significant difference in the rate between auramine O-modified acid-fast staining and the others(P < 0.005). The detectable rate was significantly lower in urban children(2.14%, 15/684) than in rural ones(5.19%, 27/520). Boys and girls had similar detectable rate (1.99%, 24/1 204 vs. 1.50%, 18/1 204). Cryptosporidium infection was usually subclinical, and its major clinical features included benign diarrhea, mild abdominal pain and nausea. Conclusion:Cryptospondium infection was relatively common in kindergartens and a higher infection rate was found in rural children. As the majority of the Cryptosporidium infections were subclinical, diagnosis is important although difficult.

  3. The Impact of Sports Tourism Expo on Sports Tourism in Anhui Province%体育旅游博览会对安徽省体育旅游业的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童申; 段英梅; 白琦

    2015-01-01

    According to the effects of previous Sports Tourism Expo on the sports tourism, this dissertation makes an analysis by using literature and interviews research methods. The seventh China Sports Tourism Expo will be held in Wuhu, Anhui province and as to what influences it will bring about . From the interview, we can conclude that : (1) The Sport Tourism Expo in Anhui province will make the sports tourism products more colorful ; (2) Sports Tourism Expo will attract more exhibitors, observation groups and participants to advance the development of sports tourism; (3) Sports tourism Expo will bring huge economic benefits for Anhui province; (4) Sports tourism Expo will excavate varieties of industry resources and development potential in Anhui Sports Travel which would provide a better foundation for the development of sports tourism in Anhui Province (5) Sports Tourism Expo will attract a large customer base for Anhui which would contribute to the development of sports tourism industry; (6) Sports tourism Expo will drive the development of sports tourism and other related industries , reaching a win-win situation.%文章通过文献资料法和访谈法等研究方法,根据历届体育旅游博览会的举办对体育旅游业产生的影响展开分析,并就中国第七届体育旅游博览会落户安徽省芜湖市对安徽省体育旅游业造成的影响进行论述。得出结论:(1)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会挖掘出安徽省在体育旅游业方面的各种资源优势和发展潜力,为安徽省体育旅游业发展提供更好的基础;(2)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会吸引更多展商、观摩团或参与者等客源,促进体育旅游业的发展;(3)体育旅游博览会的举办,将会带动与体育旅游业相关联的其他产业共同发展,达到共赢。

  4. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory%用生态经济学理论指导中国生态省建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松霈

    2005-01-01

    @@ A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the whole country, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,etc. are launching the previous work of construction of ecological province too. The establishment of large quantities of ecological city, ecological county has already achieved the remarkable effect.

  5. Challenges and Path of Developing Circular Economy at Regional Level——A Case Study of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Existing foundation and development opportunities of regional circular economy are elaborated.The first is gradual establishment and perfection of relevant laws and regulations and policy systems.The second is establishment of technical standard for circular economy and implementation of development model.The third is scientific and technical innovation providing technical support for circular economy.The fourth is opportunity of green development in international environmental and economic situations.And the fifth is leap-style development supported by solid foundation.Then,Anhui Province is taken as an example to analyze challenges faced by circular economy.The challenges include increase of resource restriction and environment pressure;supporting policy and legal system to be further perfected and implemented;circular economic indicators not included into political achievement assessment;and technical supporting foundation of circular economy still to be strengthened.Finally,path selection is put forward for development of circular economy in Anhui Province:make definite development direction of circular economy with tasks and targets;take major fields as carriers of development of circular economy;take major fields as carriers of development of circular economy;and take institutional construction as guarantee of circular economic development.

  6. Study of the Highly-skilled Talent Training Mode for Business English Major Rural Students:A Case Study of Higher Vocational Colleges in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes an in-depth study of the reasons for employment problems of Business English major rural students in Anhui Province,and sets forth the appropriate highly-skilled Business English talent training mode and the corresponding recommendations.

  7. Griesbachian Cyclostratigraphy at Majiashan Section, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The Lower Triassic at Majiashan Section, deposited in the deep part of the Lower Yangtze carbonate ramp, is the only outcrop of the deep Lower Triassic preserved in the present Lower Yangtze region. Even so, the alternations of mudrock and marl (or limestone) are still very distinct and recognizable, though usually more or less condensed. The lithological and geochemical cycles at Majiashan Section are discussed in terms of the sedimentary characters and the contents of some elements analyzed at a 2-centimeter-interval with no hiatus of the Lower Triassic. The division resolution of the Griesbachian stratigraphy may increase to the scale of ten thousand years by the mudrock-marl (or limestone) bundles and the geochemical cycles. The analysis of the relationship between the sedimentary cycles/the geochemical cycles and the Milankovitch cycles may suggest the time limit and the sedimentary rates.

  8. 流域污染负荷解析与环境容量研究--以安徽太平湖流域为例%Study on pollution loading and water environmental capacity in watershed-A case study of Taiping Lake Basin, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李响; 陆君; 钱敏蕾; 王祥荣; 樊正球; 王寿兵

    2014-01-01

    以安徽省太平湖流域为例,运用监测、统计数据以及排污系数法对流域内8种污染源的污染排放情况进行全面解析,结合一维水质模型、沃伦威得尔模型以及狄龙模型等水质模型的应用,在流域水质监测的基础上核算了太平湖及主要入湖河流的水环境容量.结果表明,2011年,太平湖流域污染物入湖量为:COD 3863.75t/a, NH3-N 410.24t/a, TP 51.63t/a;城镇和农村生活污染为太平湖流域的主要污染源,约占流域入湖污染物总量的60%;麻川河和浦溪河流域的污染最严重;流域污染物的排放在空间上呈现较为明显的区域分布,经济发达区域污染相对较严重.在当前水质目标下,太平湖仍有相当大的可用容量;浦溪河、秧溪河和舒溪河流域的氨氮和总磷排放量接近环境容量,需进行总量控制及削减.%The study of pollution loading and water environmental capacity is one of the key issues in water environment, water resources management and allocation in watershed. A comprehensive analysis of water pollution loading and environment capacity was conducted in this paper by taking a case study of Taiping Lake Basin, Anhui Province, China. Based on monitoring and statistic data as well as discharge coefficient method, different sources of water pollution were analyzed. Three models, including simplified one-dimension model, Vollen welder model and Dillion model, were used to estimate water environmental capacity of Taiping Lake and other major rivers. Results indicated that 3863.75tons of COD, 410.24tons of NH3-N and 51.63tons of TP was discharged into Taiping Lake in 2011. Water pollution was mainly contributed by urban and rural domestic sewage, accounting for about 60%. Machuan River and Puxi River were more seriously polluted than other rivers in Taiping Lake Basin. The spatial analysis of pollutant discharge suggested that developed regions had relatively higher pollution loading. While Taiping

  9. Risk spatial evolution of drought disaster study in Anhui Province based on GIS%基于GIS的安徽省旱灾风险空间演变研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙仲益; 张继权; 严登华; 王春乙; 刘兴朋; 佟志军

    2012-01-01

    Anhui Province is typical of the frequent drought provinces in China, and the region where drought disaster happened changed every year. It is benefit the disaster prevention and reduction department to drawing up drought control planning timely and accurately by understand the risk of drought disaster dynamic distribution rules. Firstly, through the nature disaster risk formation four factor theory, assessment model of drought disaster risk of Anhui Province was established, by using metrological, hydrological, society and economical etc. features as indicators. Secondly, analyze comprehensive dynamic degree of drought risk in Anhui Province from 2000 to 2010 by means of the dynamic degree of single risk, the dynamic degree of integrated risk, gravity center migration of risk and risk replacement coefficient. Mapping and analyze the risk zoning of drought disaster by GIS. The results showed that the single level dynamic degree of drought risk changed strongly,but the dynamic degree of integrated risk relatively stable in Anhui Province; It was strongly resembling that the transition between high risk-middle risk and low risk-middle risk.%安徽省是典型旱灾频发省份,而且每年发生旱灾的地区都有变化,了解旱灾风险空间动态变化的规律对防灾减灾部门及时准确制定抗旱规划意义重大.利用自然灾害风险形成四因子理论,选取安徽省气象、水文、社会和经济等18个指标,建立了安徽省旱灾风险评价模型,对安徽省2000-2009年旱灾风险进行了区划,利用单一风险动态度、综合风险动态度和风险置换系数等研究手段和方法对安徽省2000-2009年间旱灾风险动态变化进行了分析.结果表明:安徽省单一旱灾风险动态度变化的波动性较强,综合风险动态度变化则比较稳定;高旱灾风险和中旱灾风险、低旱灾风险和中旱灾风险之间置换相似性较强.

  10. 安徽省北部疟疾流行区中华按蚊溴氰菊酯抗性现状%Investigation of Anopheles sinensis resistance to deltamethrin in the malaria-endemic northern part of Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武松; 刘莉莉; 刘茜; 仰凤桃; 陈道俊; 岳星星; 林玲; 张直林; 孙东旭; 刘雷

    2011-01-01

    目的 探明安徽省北部疟疾流行区中华按蚊的溴氰菊酯抗性现状. 方法 选择涡阳县临湖镇、蒙城县坛城镇、太和县大新镇、利辛县纪五场乡,每乡镇各选取1个自然村,于2011年7~8月采用牛诱和猪诱法捕获饱血中华按蚊,采用WHO推荐的成蚊接触筒法进行按蚊敏感性测试. 结果 涡阳县临湖镇,蒙城县坛城镇、太和县大新镇、利辛县纪五场乡捕获的中华按蚊0.05%溴氰菊酯击倒率分别为2.73%、4.9%、4.72%和6.42%,校正死亡率分别为6.54%、7.78%、9.27%和11.18%,均为抗性群体. 结论 安徽省北部疟疾流行区中华按蚊已经对溴氰菊酯产生明显抗性.%Objective To determine the resistance of Anopheles sinensis to deltamethrin in the malaria-endemic northern part of Anhui Province. Methods An. sinensis adults were collected in pig- and cow-baited traps in July and August 2011. Standards assays recommended by the WHO were used to test F0 generation females. Mortality was recorded 24 hours after exposure. Results An. sinensis from Guoyang, Mencheng, Taihe, and Lixin counties was knocked down with 0.05% deltamethrin at a rate of 2. 73%, 4. 9%, 4. 72%, and 6. 42%, respectively. And with mortality were 6. 54% , 7. 78% , 9. 27% , 11. 18% , respectively. Conclusion An. sinensis a main vector of malaria in the malaria-en-demic northern part of Anhui Province, had marked resistance to deltamethrin.

  11. Sustainable development models of converting cropland to forest in Dabieshan District, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kai ZHANG; Ning LUO; Xiaojing XU; Xiaoniu XU

    2008-01-01

    The characteristics of the eco-environment,extension scale and sustainable models of converting cropland to forest in the Dabieshan District of Anhui were analyzed. The Dabieshan District is a main ecological area with a function of soil and water conservation where seven large reservoirs and irrigation systems of the Pishihang are distributed. Therefore, the extension scale of converting cropland to forest could be enlarged properly in the reservoir area, while it should be limited in the non-reservoir area due to the issues of higher population density and food safety. Great attention should be paid to the model selection and results during the conversion of cropland to forest. Some suitable models and effective approaches were put forward for the sustainable development in the Dabieshan District, Anhui.

  12. Farmers' Perceptions of Climate Variability and Factors Influencing Adaptation: Evidence from Anhui and Jiangsu, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibue, Grace Wanjiru; Liu, Xiaoyu; Zheng, Jufeng; Zhang, Xuhui; Pan, Genxing; Li, Lianqing; Han, Xiaojun

    2016-05-01

    Impacts of climate variability and climate change are on the rise in China posing great threat to agriculture and rural livelihoods. Consequently, China is undertaking research to find solutions of confronting climate change and variability. However, most studies of climate change and variability in China largely fail to address farmers' perceptions of climate variability and adaptation. Yet, without an understanding of farmers' perceptions, strategies are unlikely to be effective. We conducted questionnaire surveys of farmers in two farming regions, Yifeng, Jiangsu and Qinxi, Anhui achieving 280 and 293 responses, respectively. Additionally, we used climatological data to corroborate the farmers' perceptions of climate variability. We found that farmers' were aware of climate variability such that were consistent with climate records. However, perceived impacts of climate variability differed between the two regions and were influenced by farmers' characteristics. In addition, the vast majorities of farmers were yet to make adjustments in their farming practices as a result of numerous challenges. These challenges included socioeconomic and socio-cultural barriers. Results of logit modeling showed that farmers are more likely to adapt to climate variability if contact with extension services, frequency of seeking information, household heads' education, and climate variability perceptions are improved. These results suggest the need for policy makers to understand farmers' perceptions of climate variability and change in order to formulate policies that foster adaptation, and ultimately protect China's agricultural assets.

  13. Farmers' Perceptions of Climate Variability and Factors Influencing Adaptation: Evidence from Anhui and Jiangsu, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibue, Grace Wanjiru; Liu, Xiaoyu; Zheng, Jufeng; zhang, Xuhui; Pan, Genxing; Li, Lianqing; Han, Xiaojun

    2016-05-01

    Impacts of climate variability and climate change are on the rise in China posing great threat to agriculture and rural livelihoods. Consequently, China is undertaking research to find solutions of confronting climate change and variability. However, most studies of climate change and variability in China largely fail to address farmers' perceptions of climate variability and adaptation. Yet, without an understanding of farmers' perceptions, strategies are unlikely to be effective. We conducted questionnaire surveys of farmers in two farming regions, Yifeng, Jiangsu and Qinxi, Anhui achieving 280 and 293 responses, respectively. Additionally, we used climatological data to corroborate the farmers' perceptions of climate variability. We found that farmers' were aware of climate variability such that were consistent with climate records. However, perceived impacts of climate variability differed between the two regions and were influenced by farmers' characteristics. In addition, the vast majorities of farmers were yet to make adjustments in their farming practices as a result of numerous challenges. These challenges included socioeconomic and socio-cultural barriers. Results of logit modeling showed that farmers are more likely to adapt to climate variability if contact with extension services, frequency of seeking information, household heads' education, and climate variability perceptions are improved. These results suggest the need for policy makers to understand farmers' perceptions of climate variability and change in order to formulate policies that foster adaptation, and ultimately protect China's agricultural assets.

  14. Prevention and Control Technology of Important Meat Goat Diseases in Anhui Province%安徽省肉用山羊重大疫病的防控技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李立虎

    2015-01-01

    Anhui Province is one of main mutton production areas in China, and the main breed is the goat. With the rapid development of the mutton sheep industry, the prevention and control of epidemic diseases is getting more diffi-cult. The epidemic characteristics, clini-cal symptoms, pathologic autopsy and synthetical prevention and control tech-nology of important meat goat diseases were discussed to provide security guar-antee for healthy development of the meat goat industry in Anhui Province.%安徽是我国主要羊肉产区之一,肉羊的养殖主要以山羊为主.随着肉羊产业的迅速发展,疫病的防控难度加大.探讨羊的3类重大疫病的流行特点、临床症状、剖检特征和综合防控技术,为安徽省肉用山羊产业的健康发展提供安全保障.

  15. THE RESEARCH ON NONPROFIT SPORTS ORGANIZATIONS NETWORK IN ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省非营利体育组织网络体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐继超; 乔克满; 唐赵平

    2013-01-01

      Through using the method of literature review and logical analysis ,this paper puts forward the construction of nonprofit sports organizations network in Anhui Province based on the present situation of the nonprofit sports organizations and discusses the methods,which provides theoretical basis and the practical significance for the development of the Anhui Province in the national fitness cause.%  运用文献研究、逻辑分析等研究方法,对安徽省非营利体育组织的现状进行分析,提出非营利体育组织网络体系的构建,并对实施途径进行相关的探讨,进而为安徽省全民健身事业的发展提供理论基础与实践指导意义。

  16. Analysis on development and characteristics of irrigation in Anhui Province%安徽省灌溉发展及特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁先江

    2011-01-01

    Based on the brief description on the irrigation history of Anhui Province, the irrigation development characteristics of Anhui Province, such as the characteristics of drought degree, farming system, irrigation zoning, irrigation modes, irrigation water, irrigation system, etc. Are systematically summarized and analyzed herein, furthermore, the problems existed in the development history of the irrigation therein are discussed, and then some relevant countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as well%在简述安徽省灌溉发展历程的基础上,系统总结分析了安徽省的干旱程度、种植模式、灌溉分区、灌溉模式、灌溉用水、灌溉体系等灌溉发展特征,探讨了灌溉发展中存在的问题,提出了加快灌溉发展的对策与建议.

  17. PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS AND TREND FORECASTS OF GRAIN PRODUCTION IN ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省粮食生产的主成分分析及其趋势预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰; 卢李朋; 姜朋辉; 李定; 张亮

    2013-01-01

    采用安徽省1978~2010年的相关社会经济统计资料为基础数据,在对33 a来粮食动态变化的定量定性分析基础上,利用主成分分析方法探讨了区域粮食生产的影响因子.然后根据安徽33 a粮食总产量的历史数据,建立GM(1,1)预测模型,对安徽省未来20 a(2011~2030年)的粮食产量进行中长期的模拟预测,以期为相关部门粮食生产决策提供科学依据.研究表明:(1)1978~2010年,安徽省粮食生产在波动中增长,粮食总产量和人均粮食产量曲线的动态变化基本吻合.(2)影响粮食生产的3个主要成分分别是社会经济发展水平、农业生产成本和粮食作物播种面积.(3)粮食生产在2011~2030年将保持平稳增长的良性发展态势,2030年粮食预测产量达到4119万t,比2010年增长了1039万t,年均增长1.5%.%Anhui province (114°54′E~119°37′E,29°41′N~34°38′N) which located in the eastern of China is one of the great bases of commercial foodstuff. With the development of urbanization,industrialization and so on,many problems such as the loss of farmland,agricultural production fluctuation have become increasingly fierce since Reform and Opening Up. Thus,carrying out the research on agricultural production fluctuation, investigating the factors which result in the change of agricultural production and forecasting the agricultural production are urgently required. In this paper, the impacts that affect the regional grain production were studied by choosing socio-economic statistics from 1978 to 2010, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis to the grain dynamic changes in 33 years. After that,GM (1,1) prediction model was established according to the data about grain production of Anhui province in the past 33 years. Then the simulation and prediction in medium and long-term on food production of Anhui province were carried out in the next 20 years (2011 - 2030). The results provided a scientific basis for

  18. Subclinical eating disorders in female medical students in Anhui, China: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wei-Wei; Nie, Miao; Kang, Yao-Wen; He, Lian-Ping; Jin, Yue-Long; Yao, Ying-Shui

    2015-04-01

    Objetivo: Este estudio transversal exploró la prevalencia de los trastornos de la Alimentación (eds) y posibles factores asociados (síntomas depresivos, ansiedad y BMI, etc) sobre EDS en mujeres estudiantes de medicina en China. Métodos: un total de 1135 estudiantes en Wuhu, provincia de Anhui fueron seleccionadas para participar en esta encuesta.La encuesta recoge datos sociodemográficos, síntomas depresivos, ansiedad y conductas alimentarias de estudiantes. Resultados: los estudiantes en situación de riesgo para los trastornos alimentarios eran 2,17%.Trastorno alimenticio riesgo fue más frecuente en los estudiantes con la relación de los estudiantes con la pobre padre, mala relación con los padres, los alumnos con alto índice de masa corporal, los estudiantes que son la excesiva atención a la propaganda de adelgazamiento, y estudiantes cuyos familiares tienen una dieta.Además, la media de las puntuaciones para los factores psicológicos de la depresion y la ansiedad fueron mayores en los estudiantes con trastorno alimentario riesgo.Un modelo de regresion lineal multiple fue producido que muestran que la depresión, la ansiedad, el alto nivel de IMC, centrándose en la propaganda y la dieta de adelgazamiento, condición entre parientes eran factores de riesgo de tener un trastorno alimenticio y riesgo. Conclusiones: una importante fracción de mujeres estudiantes de medicina en Anhui están en alto riesgo de desarrollo de trastornos de la alimentación.Una intervención integral centrado en el entorno familiar y manejo de emociones deben ser diseñados para prevenir la ocurrencia de tales trastornos entre los estudiantes de medicina que, sin duda, obstaculizar la disponibilidad de servicios médicos de confianza en el futuro.

  19. The influence of HLA on HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment in Anhui, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel D Schrier

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: HLA-DR*04 was identified as a predictor of HIV-Associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND, low CD4 T-cell responses to HIV, and low plasma HIV RNA levels in a U.S. cohort. We hypothesized that low CD4 T-cell activation leads to poor immune control of HIV in the CNS, predisposing to HAND, but also provided fewer target (activated CD4 T-cells for HIV replication. To assess the consistency of these HLA Class II associations in a new cohort and extend analysis to HLA Class I, HLA types, neurocognitive, and virologic status were examined in a cohort of former plasma donors in China. METHODS: 178 HIV infected individuals in Anhui China, were HLA typed and underwent neurocognitive evaluations (using locally standardized norms, neuromedical, treatment and virologic assessments at baseline and at 12 months. RESULTS: HLA DR*04 was associated with a higher rate of baseline neurocognitive impairment (p = 0.04, neurocognitive decline (p = 0.04, and lower levels of HIV RNA in plasma (p = 0.05. HLA Class I alleles (B*27,57,58,A*03,33 that specify a CD8 T-cell response to conserved HIV sequences were neuroprotective, associated with less impairment at baseline (p = 0.037, at month 012 (p = 0.013 and less neurocognitive decline (p = 0.023 in the interval. Consistent with the theory that effective CD8 T-cell responses require CD4 T-cell support, the HLA DR*04 allele reduced the neuroprotective effect of the Class I alleles. The presence of HLA-DR*04 and the Alzheimer associated allele ApoE4 in the same individual had a synergistic negative effect on cognition (p = 0.003. CONCLUSIONS: Despite major background differences between U.S. and Anhui China cohorts, HLA DR*04 predicted neurocognitive impairment and lower plasma HIV RNA levels in both populations. HLA Class I alleles associated with CD8 T-cell control of HIV were associated with protection from HAND, but protection was reduced in the presence of HLA-DR*04.

  20. 安徽省马鼻疽防制%Prevention and Cure of Glanders in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪功飞; 曹晋蓉; 等

    2001-01-01

    In 1953,glanders was brought into Anhui province because of buying horses from other provinces.This disease came in vogue in the area of Huaibei and along the Huaihe river from 1950s~1980s.After that,all_around measures(quarantine、killing、isolating、sterilizing etc.)were taken actively in various area.The disease have not happened in clinic since 1990.Positive animals were not discovered again by the way of quarantine.From 1996 to 1998,in the epidemic diseases area, we inspected 77005 equine animals by dropping eyes with mallein,the result of all is negative.In Nov.1999,our province had passed the check and acceptance by the specialists of State Agricultural Ministry,reached to the level of annihilation.%安徽省1953年由于阜阳地区自外省购入马匹而带入马鼻疽,50~80年代该病在淮北及沿淮局部地区流行。疫情发生后,由于各地积极采取检疫、扑杀、隔离、消毒等综合性防治措施。1990年后临床再无病例发生,检疫中也再未检出阳性畜。1996~1998年连续3年在原疫区以鼻疽菌素点眼检疫马属动物77005匹,结果均为阴性。1999年11月底通过农业部专家组考核验收,达到消灭标准。

  1. Contrast in Fluid Metallogeny between the Tianmashan Au-S Deposit and the Datuanshan Cu Deposit in Tongling, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A comprehensive contrast of ore-forming geological background and ore-forming fluid features, especially fluid ore-forming processes, has been performed between the Tianmashan and the Datuanshan ore deposits in Tongling, Anhui Province. The major reasons for the formation of the stratabound skarn Au-S ore deposit in Tianmashan and the stratabound skarn Cu ore deposit in Datuanshan are analyzed in accordance with this contrast. The magmatic pluton in Tianmashan is rich in Au and poor in Cu, but that in Datuanshan is rich in Cu and Au. The wallrock strata in Tianmashan contain Au-bearing pyrite layers with some organic substance but those in Datuanshan contain no such layers. Moreover, the ore-forming fluids in Tianmashan are dominantly magmatic ones at the oxide and sulfide stages, but those with high content of Cu in Datuanshan are mainly groundwater fluids. In addition, differences in compositional evolution and physicochemical condition variation of the ore-forming fluids result in gradual dispersion of Cu or Au in the late stage of the fluid ore-forming process. This is also an important metallogenic factor for the stratabound skarn Au-S ore deposit in Tianmashan and stratabound skarn Cu ore deposit in Datuanshan.

  2. Repeated Questions in Huaiyuan Dialect of Anhui Province%安徽怀远方言的反复问句

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      怀远方言的反复问句是“可VP”式,通过“可”的语音变化来表达动词不同的体貌特征。可1表示未然,可2表示已然,其分布与疑问焦点结合紧密。“可”在各方言的不同语音形式是其语法化过程中语音虚化的体现;怀远话可2的读音是由于类推和挤压的结果。%With the structure of “可”, the repeated questions in Huaiyuan dialect of Anhui province are used to express different body characteristics by changing the sound of “可”.The questions with “可” with the tone of yinping indicate the action has not happened while questions with “可” with the tone of yangping indicate hap-pened.The different sound types of “可” in dialects is demonstrations of its sound virtualization in the grammatical-ization process.The pronunciation of “可” with the tone of yangping in Huaiyuan dialect is resulted from analogy and squeeze.

  3. Study on Hong kong,Macau and Taiwan’s Inbound Tourism Market in Anhui Province%港澳台入皖旅游市场研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅雨晴

    2014-01-01

    The paper uses the analytic methods of preference scale,competition state and niche theory to analyze the individual characteristics of the Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan’s inbound tourism market in Anhui Province with the data from 2003 to 2012.The result shows:(1) Taiwan’s tourism demand into Anhui is very high,between the bull market and the star market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually reducing.(2) Hongkong’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low,but between the bull market and the star market,and the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is slowly improving.(3) Macao’s tourism demand into Anhui is very low, between the child market and thin-dog market,but the role of Anhui inbound tourism market is gradually improving.According to the variation characteristics of Hongkong,Macau and Taiwan,the paper puts forward the further development suggestions.%运用亲景度、竞争态以及生态位分析方法,对2003-2012年港澳台入皖旅游市场进行分析。研究表明:(1)台湾对入皖旅游需求偏好很高,处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐降低。(2)香港对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,但处于金牛市场与明星市场之间,且对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正缓慢提高。(3)澳门对入皖旅游的需求偏好很低,处于幼童市场与瘦狗市场之间,但对安徽入境旅游市场的作用正逐渐提高。针对港澳台各市场的变化特征,提出进一步的开拓建议。

  4. A circular analysis of chronobiology of Schistosoma japonicum cercarial emergence from hilly areas of Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Jing; Zhou, Feng; Lu, Da-Bing

    2013-10-01

    About 46 mammal species have been suspected as reservoir hosts for Schistosoma japonicum and therefore the track of the target parasites, in relation to definitive host species, may be of great importance in terms of theoretical and practical implications. The circadian rhythm of cercariae emergence, a genetically controlled behavior for parasites to adapt to their definitive hosts, may seem to be a perfect biological marker for S. japonicum. In this study, a late (or nocturnal) cercarial emergence pattern was observed on the parasites from one hilly region in Anhui of China, where rodents serve as reservoirs, and on the first generation of the parasites. Moreover, by using the circular statistics, the homogeneity of parasites in such trait was also demonstrated. All these provide evidence for the genetically controlled biological trait, which seems essential in the investigation of macro- or micro-dynamics of parasite transmission of interest. This is particularly true in the case of S. japonicum when multiple parasite isolates or strains are more likely to exist.

  5. 山茶油企业发展研究--以安徽为例%The Research of Camellia oil Enterprises Development---Taking Anhui province for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅琼; 赵国庆; 李军霞

    2013-01-01

    On the new century, camellia oil products known as the "Oriental olive oil" are suddenly rising in China's edible veg-etable oil market.The paper discusses the development of the camellia oil enterprises on the basis of some relevant data and practical investigations,taking Anhui Province as an example.It holds that a good tendancy of systematic environment means favorable gidelines, promising situations and flourishing market demand.It points out that achievements and problems coexist in the enterprise development namely remarkable general development,complicated industrial competitors and many specific enterprise pboblems.Finally,it put forward some suggestions on countermeasures to cope with the overall situations and emphasize the development of the enterprises themselves.%被誉为“东方橄榄油”的山茶油产品,在我国食用植物油市场上正异军突起。基于相关文献资料及企业实际调查研究,并以安徽为例讨论山茶油企业发展现状,系统环境趋向于好,即方针政策有利、行业态势看好和市场需求旺盛;企业发展喜忧并存,总体发展可圈可点、行业竞争对手复杂和企业具体问题不少。并且提出客观应对总体态势及加强企业自身发展的相关对策。

  6. Effect of intensive blood glucose control on quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiu; ZHANG Nan; HU Hong-lin; HE Yong; CHEN Ming-wei; WANG Xiu-yan; YANG Ming-gong; LI Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Intensive blood glucose control is proven to be associated with the diabetic microvascular and macrovascular complications, which could affect quality of life (QOL). This study was performed to determine the effects of intensive glucose control therapy on QOL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province.Methods Ninety-seven elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui were randomly assigned to standard treatment group and intensive therapy group. All patients were followed up for five years on average. Correlated information has been collected during the regular follow-up.Results Patients with microvascular complications reported significantly lower European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores and had more problems with usual activities, pain and anxiety than those without complications (P <0.05).Patients having experienced hypoglycemic episodes had significantly more problems with anxiety than those without hypoglycemic episodes (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected in all dimensions in quality of life, as well as in Visual Analog Scale score between two groups (P >0.05). There was no significant difference in quality of life at the fifth year compared with that of the first year in both groups. Women had more feelings of pain and anxiety than men (P <0.05)and longer disease course was associated with increased levels of pain and anxiety (P <0.05), as well as with lower QOL.In addition, patients with higher body mass index (BMI) had more problems with daily activities than patients with lower BMI (P <0.05).Conclusions Anxiety is common in elderly diabetic patients and they experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes.Diabetic vascular complications significantly affect QOL of the patients. Intensive glucose control has no significant effect on QOL of the diabetic patients. Female, older age, long disease course, less education and high BMI are all factors caused reduced QOL and patients with these factors

  7. 皖南地区古戏台类型及建筑装饰艺术研究%Study on Ancient Stage Type and Architecture Decoration Art in the South of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王薇; 袁浩浩

    2016-01-01

    明清时期安徽地区的戏曲发展较为兴盛。皖南作为当时安徽经济和文化发展的中心,戏曲文化更是繁荣一时,与之相应的古戏台建筑也颇为兴盛。皖南地区的古戏台在建筑和文化方面都具有较高的研究价值。通过实地调研皖南地区现存古戏台,分析和研究了古戏台的存留状态、建筑类型、空间布局、建筑构造和建筑装饰等方面。旨在丰富皖南古建筑的内容,同时为研究皖南建筑文化、徽派类型学、地方戏剧史等提供实物例证。%In Ming and Qing Dynasties, the development of traditional Chinese opera in Anhui is more prosperous. As an economic and cultural development center in Anhui at that time, the south of Anhui Province had both once-booming opera culture and thriving corresponding ancient stage architecture. The ancient stage in the south of Anhui Province has a higher research value in architecture and culture. Through ifeld investigation on the existing ancient stage in the south of Anhui Province, ancient stage retention status, architecture type, space layout, architecture structure and architecture decoration are analyzed and studied. The paper is aimed at enriching the ancient architecture in the south of Anhui Province and simultaneously provides real examples for study on architecture culture in the south of Anhui Province, Huizhou typology, local drama history and the like.

  8. Away to Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Central China’s Anhui Province becomes a major destination for industry as companies move their production lines inland Wage growth and land costs inflation are prompting relocation of China’s manufacturing jug-gernaut, a growth engine of the Chinese economy.

  9. 完善安徽多层次资本市场的对策建议%Countermeasures of Perfecting Multi-level Capital Market in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮素梅; 陈旭

    2012-01-01

    With the launch and development of small and medium enterprise and GEM,China's capital market structure is going further hierarchical.However,the market share of Anhui listed company is limited in the motherboard market,small and medium board and the GEM market,which severely restricted Anhui economic development.Therefore,how to improve the multi-level capital market and the financial efficiency of Anhui is particularly important.Based on the theory of capital markets and the establishment of a regression model,this paper comparative analyzed the equity financing data between Anhui and nationwide,combed the analysis framework of capital market problem which conform to the Anhui economic system and structure characteristics,and proposed the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.%随着中小板、创业板的推出和发展,我国资本市场结构进一步层次化,但无论是在主板市场,还是中小板和创业板市场,安徽上市公司所占市场份额都十分有限,这种状况严重制约了安徽经济的发展。因此,深入研究如何完善多层次资本市场,提高安徽金融效率显得尤为重要。以资本市场理论为基础,通过建立回归模型,比较分析安徽与全国的股权融资数据,建立符合安徽经济体制和结构特点的资本市场发展问题分析框架,并提出相应的对策建议。

  10. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  11. 安徽省某农村地区儿童自尊水平及其影响因素分析%Self-esteem status and its influencing factors among children in one rural area of Anhui Province in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩腾伟; 杨林胜; 王铁柱; 顾超美; 孙莹; 曹庆庆; 陈明春; 孙业桓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the current status of children self-esteem and its influencing factors in one rural area of Anhui Province, so as to provide the basis for the development of self-esteem intervention program. Methods A total of 2 917 students were recruited as the subjects from Changfeng County of Anhui Province with cluster sampling method. Data were collected by using the Children's Self-Esteem Scale, the Family APGAR Index, the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and the Social Anxiety Scale, etc. Results Among the participants, 1 694 left-behind children, accounted for 58.1% of the total students, were surveyed. Data from the analysis of covariance showed that the difference of self-esteem between the left-behind children and other children was statistically significant( F=3.942,P<0.05) only when adjusting the negative coping styles, social anxiety and family function simultaneously. Data from multivariable linear regression analysis showed that the children who had higher height, well academic achievement, well peer relationships, high cultural degree of father education, well family function, good quality of life, left-behind situation , attended extracurricular activities and taking positive coping styles were more vulnerable to promote the level of self-esteem; the children with low score of children's social anxiety and taking negative coping styles had lower level of self-esteem. Conclusion According to the ecological system development , many comprehensive effect factors of ecological subsystem are found to be involved in self-esteem among children. It is helpful to promote the level of self-esteem among children in rural area based on the cooperation of society, school and family, etc.%目的 探讨儿童自尊现状及其影响因素,为进一步开展针对性心理健康教育及制定干预措施提供科学依据.方法 整群抽取长丰县农村地区2 917名中小学生作为研究对象,运用自编的中小学生身心健康状况与相关

  12. Abundances and isotopic compositions of rhenium and osmium in pyrite samples from the Huaibei coalfield, Anhui, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gaisheng; Chou, C.-L.; Peng, Z.; Yang, G.

    2008-01-01

    Two pyrite samples from the Shihezi Formation (Lower Permian), Huaibei coalfield, Anhui, China, have been analyzed for abundances and isotopic compositions of rhenium and osmium using negative thermal ion mass spectrometry. The Re-Os ages of the pyrites are 64.4 and 226 Ma, which are younger than the formation age of the coal seam. The pyrite samples may consist of pyrite formed at various stages during the history of coal formation. The ??Osvalues of the two pyrite samples are +17 and +18, respectively. Such high ??Osvalues are reported for the first time for recycles crustal materials from a sedimentary basin. ?? Springer-Verlag 2007.

  13. Path towards achieving of China's 2020 carbon emission reduction target-A discussion of low-carbon energy policies at province level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Run, E-mail: rwang@iue.ac.c [Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China); Xiamen Key Lab of Urban Metabolism, Xiamen 361021 (China); Liu Wenjuan [Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China); Xiao Lishan [Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China); Xiamen Key Lab of Urban Metabolism, Xiamen 361021 (China); Liu Jian; Kao, William [Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China)

    2011-05-15

    Following the announcement of the China's 2020 national target for the reduction of the intensity of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% compared with 2005 levels, Chinese provincial governments prepared to restructure provincial energy policy and plan their contribution to realizing the State reduction target. Focusing on Fujian and Anhui provinces as case studies, this paper reviews two contrasting policies as a means for meeting the national reduction target. That of the coastal province of Fujian proposes to do so largely through the development of nuclear power, whilst the coal-rich province of Anhui proposes to do so through its energy consumption rate rising at a lower rate than that of the rise in GDP. In both cases renewable energy makes up a small proportion of their proposed 2020 energy structures. The conclusion discusses in depth concerns about nuclear power policy, energy efficiency, energy consumption strategy and problems in developing renewable energy. - Research Highlights: {yields} We review two contrasting policies as a means for meeting the national reduction target of carbon emission in two provinces. {yields} Scenario review of energy structure in Fujian and Anhui Provinces to 2020. {yields} We discuss concerns about nuclear power policy, energy efficiency, energy consumption strategy and problems in developing renewable energy.

  14. The Flour Lantern Custom in North Anhui Province%皖北元宵节的面灯民俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爽

    2016-01-01

    The Lantern Festival is a traditional festival of the Chinese. There is a custom of lighting lanterns on the day in order to drive out evil spirits. With the development of society, the custom changed gradually, and many special local products appeared such as Denglong lantern, Huadeng lantern and flour lantern. In north Anhui Province, there is a custom of mak-ing flour lantern on the Lantern Festival. This unique custom not only adds an atmosphere to the festival but also reflects the wisdom and a good vision for the future of the Chinese people.%元宵节是我国的传统节日。在元宵节当天,人们都有点灯的习俗,意在驱邪避凶。随着时间的发展,与灯相关的风俗逐步演化,出现了很多具有地方特色的产品出现,如灯笼、花灯、面灯等。在皖北地区,每到元宵节,家家户户都有蒸面灯的习俗。这种独具特色的面灯习俗在漫长的历史发展中不仅为节日增添了丰富多彩的乐趣,也体现了我国民间生活的智慧与对未来生活的美好憧憬。

  15. 安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力研究%The Third Party Logistics Enterprise in Anhui Province Core Competitive Power Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇

    2011-01-01

    分析安徽省第三方物流企业的现状,从核心竞争力的角度出发,对如何提高安徽省第三方物流企业的核心竞争力进行研究。%This paper analysis based on the third party logistics in Anhui province the current situation of the enterprise,core competence from the perspective of Anhui province,on how to improve the third party logistics enterprise's core competitiveness research.

  16. 浅析安徽省公路交通情况调查信息化发展的构思%Superficial Analysis of Plot of Development of Highway Traffic Conditions Investigating Information in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占炜

    2009-01-01

    根据交通运输部对公路交通情况调查工作的要求,结合安徽省的实际情况,提出安徽省公路交通情况调查工作信息化发展的基本构思.%In virtue of requirements of Ministry of Communication and Transportation for the work of highway traffic conditions investigating,in the light of reality of Anhui Province,the paper presents basic plot of development of highway traffic conditions investigating information in Anhui Province.

  17. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling; Zhang, Yonghui

    2016-04-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate.

  18. 安徽民间金融与经济增长的关系分析%Relationship Between Private Finance and Economic Growth Of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红柳

    2015-01-01

    On base of the Solow model,analyzing the relationship between private finance and economic growth using regression analysis,cointegration test ,error correction model( ECM),impulse response function and variance decomposition techniques by the data of Anhui province. The results showed that:the size of private finance has a significant positive effect mechanism to economic growth of Anhui Province and the elasticity coefficient is0. 26. However,private finance has lower contribution rate (7. 7% )compared with the formal financial and number of employees affecting economic growth. Based on these research re-sults,from the perspective of private finance a number of recommendations,in order to provide reference for the economic growth of Anhui.%文章在索洛模型的基础上,利用安徽省的样本数据对民间金融与经济增长之间的相互作用关系,采用回归分析、协整检验以及误差修正模型( ECM)、脉冲响应函数以及方差分解技术进行研究,结果表明:安徽省民间金融规模对经济增长具有明显的正向作用机制,弹性系数为0.26;但相比与正规金融以及从业人数,民间金融对经济增长的贡献率较低,为7.7%.在上述研究结果的基础上,从民间金融的角度出发提出了一些改进建议,以期对安徽经济的增长提供参考.

  19. 安徽省国内旅游经济增长与区域差异空间格局演变%Domestic Tourism Economic Growth and Spatial Pattern Evolution of Regional Tourism Differences in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈惊宏; 陆玉麒; 周玉翠; 沈宏婷

    2012-01-01

    以安徽省2000-2010年国内旅游收入为例,从区域的绝对差异、相对差异和区域差异程度等数理特性及区域空间中心、极化格局、地带差异格局和市域间差异的发散与收敛格局这一从整体到局部的空间特征上分析了安徽省国内旅游经济增长过程中区域差异的演变特点。结果显示安徽省国内旅游经济区域绝对差异上升,基本收入相对差距和目标收入相对差距演变态势相反;旅游购物收入对总基尼系数贡献趋大,是今后缩小区域差异的重要对象;合肥、黄山、安庆是安徽国内旅游经济发展的极化中心也是旅游空间中心南移的主要因子;地带空间格局演变分2000-2005年的收敛趋同、2005-2006年的发散分异、2006-2010年的收敛趋同3个阶段;市域间差异分析表明淮北、宿州、淮南、阜阳、蚌埠、六安、马鞍山7城市呈向下发散,是现阶段国内旅游经济发展较弱的城市,有待扩大旅游规模。%Due to the advantage differences of tourism resources endowments,geography location,transportation advantage,regional development policies,regional tourism economic development has always great disparities in China.The quantitive characteristics and spatial patterns of the domestic tourism income in 17 cities of Anhui Province in 2000-2010 are taken as an example and analyzed in the article.The evolution features of regional disparity of domestic tourism income in the process of the economic growth are analyzed on the base of the quantitive properties of absolute disparity,relative disparity,degree of regional disparity and spatial patterns from global district to local district of regional spatial centre,polarization patterns,regional disparity patterns,and disparities between the domain pattern of divergence and convergence.The results show that with the growth of domestic tourism economy,the absolute disparity of total tourism income and the sectional tourism income

  20. Research on Primary Trend of Agriculture Internet of Things and Countermeasures of Anhui Province%农业物联网发展大趋势与安徽省对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕连生

    2013-01-01

      介绍了国内外农业物联网发展大趋势,阐述了安徽发展农业物联网的重大意义,详细介绍了安徽农业物联网发展现状,分析了农业物联网发展存在的主要障碍,提出了发展安徽农业物联网的对策。%The author briefly introduced primary trend of agriculture internet of things at home and abroad, and expounded significance of developing agriculture internet of things in Anhui province. Then, the author specifically introduced status of development of Anhui agriculture internet of things, and analyzed main obstructs. Finally, the author put forward countermea-sures of developing agriculture internet of things in Anhui province.

  1. 安徽淮河流域全新世环境演变对新石器遗址时空分布的影响%Impact of Holocene environmental change on temporal-spatial distribution of Neolithic sites in Huaihe River Basin, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄润; 朱诚; 关勇

    2006-01-01

    The Huaihe River basin of Anhui is not only a transitional zone of physical geography, but also a convergent area of many cultures in China. It is one of the sensitive ecotones to global changes and the birthplace of Chinese civilization. Using the field archaeological data and the sporo-pollens and the age data of the drilling cores, we analysed Neolithic cultural development and environmental evolution in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui. According to the combination of some research results in archaeology with environmental evolution research, this paper discusses the relationship between culture and environment in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui. The Neolithic cultural development was strongly impacted by the environmental change. The primitive culture (Shishanzi) was developed in the beginning of the Holocene Megathermal Period with distinct regional feature of the culture. From 6.5 kaBP to 5.5 kaBP, the climate changed warmer and wetter. The frequent occurrence of flood and waterlog due to such a climate regime and high sea level caused the earth's surface environment deteriorated in the Huaihe River basin of Anhui and the interruption of the Neolithic cultural development, hence a lack of archaeological sites. From 5.5kaBP to 4.0 kaBP, the climate changed from wet to dry, the natural environment was propitious to human survival. Dawenkou Culture and Longshan Culture flourished in this period. The Neolithic cultural development, the number of the sites and their distribution characteristics of the sites in the study area differed apparently from those in Central China and Shandong Province.

  2. 宣城第四纪红色粘土剖面的发育特征%CHARACTERISTICS OF DEVELOPMENT OF QUATERNARY RED CLAY IN XUANCHENG, ANHUI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘良梧; 龚子同

    2000-01-01

    A section of Quaternary red clay, located in Xuancheng, Anhui province, isrecognized a typical and good one for the study of red paleosols in the southem partof China. It was divided in earlier studies into 14 layers (7 formations) except a gravelformation in the bottom. Each formation consists of a "red layer" ("red paleosol") andtmderlying "brown-yellow layer"("deposit"). To elucidate its characteristics of developm-ent, main chemical and physical properties for 14 layers of the section were analyzed. The results indicated that the silica content in each "red layer" was not always lessthan that in the underlying "brown-yellow layer", and the contents of aluminum andclay in each of the "red paleosols" were not more than those in the corresponding"sedimentary layer", respectively. In the same way, other research data also hadanalogous phenomena. Based on the indexes of weathering and soil formation, includingsilica-aluminum milo, indexes of weathering and leaching, cation exchange capacity,base saturation, as well as the clay content, we conclude that there were no regularcycles between soil formation of "red layer" and deposition of "brown-yellow layer" inthe section. In fact, each layer of the "red paleosols" didn′t develop from the underlying"brown-yellow sedimentary layer". Each of the 14 layers within the profile only tocertain extent showed its difference of deposition and soil formation. Moreover,pedogenesis was sometimes weaker, sometimes stronger than the sedimentation. On thebasis of these characteristics, the authors think that these are buried red paleosols,which consist of uniform red soil, iron-manganese illuvial, plinthiilc horizons, andoverlain by a yelloW-brown horizon derived from the Xiashu Loess.%宣城第四纪红色粘土14层土体硅铝率、风化淋溶系数,以及阳离子交换量、盐基饱和 度和粘粒含量等风化、成土作用指标表明,该剖面各层次之间仅显示出一定程度沉积作用和成土作用的差

  3. 安徽省服务贸易的影响因素分析%Analysis of Influence Factors of Service Trade of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万红先; 王利平

    2014-01-01

    基于1995~2013年的年度数据对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行了实证分析。首先采用主成分分析法将涉及的多个指标转化为少数几个概括性的综合指标,以消除解释变量间的多重共线性,再利用回归分析法对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行实证分析。结果显示,安徽省人均GDP、安徽省货物贸易进出口额、安徽省实际利用外资金额、人力资本、安徽省服务贸易开放度、安徽省居民消费价格指数、安徽省城市化水平和汇率均与该省服务贸易额呈正相关。最后在此基础上提出政策建议。%Based on the annual data of 1995~2013 ,the influencing factors of service trade in Anhui province have been analyzed empirically .First of all ,using principal component analysis (pca) ,multiple indicators involved will be changed into a few general comprehensive index ,to eliminate and explain the multicolinearity between the variables .Regression analysis method makes an empirical analysis on the influencing factors of service trade in our province .The results showed that the per capita GDP in Anhui province ,import and export of goods trade ,the amount of the actual use of foreign capital ,human capital in Anhui province ,the openness of service trade ,the consumer price index ,urbanization level and exchange rate are positively correlated with the service trade .Finally ,countermeasures and suggestions are put forward .

  4. 旅游业效率测度及提升研究--以安徽省为例%The Study of Measuring and Improving the Tourism Efficiency---Based on Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪; 杨基婷; 时浩楠

    2015-01-01

    旅游业效率水平高意味着其地区的旅游要素资源处于高效配置状态,且表示其经营管理水平得当。采用三阶段 DEA 模型对安徽省2010-2012年间的旅游效率进行测度和评价,研究表明:安徽省旅游业效率水平高低受到外部环境的显著影响;调整前后我省各市旅游业规模效率和纯技术效率差异较大;从安徽省的三地域来看,皖南的旅游业效率水平较高且居于稳定,皖中的旅游业效率水平在逐年提高。%High efficiency level of tourism means the factors of tourism resources are in status of efficient configuration,indicating proper management and operation level.With the three -stage DEA model method to measure the tourism efficiency of Anhui province from 201 0 to 201 2 ,we can get the conclusion as follows:The efficiency level of Anhui is impacted significantly by the external environ-ment,Before and after the adjustment,the scale efficiency and pure technical efficiency of municipal tourism are all different in Anhui province;From the perspective of three areas of Anhui province,the tourism efficiency of the south Anhui is high and stable,and that of the central Anhui is increasing.

  5. 安徽省新型城镇化建设财政支出效率评价及影响因素分析%Evaluation of Fiscal Expenditure Efficiency of New U rbanization Construction in Anhui Province and Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴骏; 钱菲菲

    2015-01-01

    新型城镇化是当前推动我国经济和社会发展的主要动力,安徽省作为新型城镇化建设的综合试点省份,已经投入了大量的财政资金来支持新型城镇化的建设。文章首先依据新型城镇化的内涵以及我国政府对新型城镇化建设的要求构建了财政支出的效率评价指标体系;然后采用DEA分析法,测算了2013年度安徽省各地级市的财政支出效率值;最后采用Tobit模型分析了影响安徽省财政支出效率的因素,从而提出提高安徽省新型城镇化建设财政支出效率的政策建议。%At present ,new urbanization has become the main driving force of economic and social devel‐opment in China .As an integrated pilot province of new urbanization construction ,Anhui Province has invested a lot of fiscal funds to support the new urbanization construction .In this paper ,the eval‐uation index system of fiscal expenditure efficiency is built based on the connotation of the new urbani‐zation as well as the national policies for the new urbanization construction .Then the efficiency of fis‐cal expenditure of each prefecture‐level city in Anhui Province in 2013 is analyzed by using the method of data envelopment analysis(DEA) .Finally ,the factors influencing the efficiency of fiscal expendi‐ture in Anhui Province are discussed based on Tobit model .On this basis ,the paper puts forward some policy recommendations to improve the efficiency of fiscal expenditure of new urbanization con‐struction in Anhui Province .

  6. 安徽省低碳经济发展及其策略探析%The Development And Strategy Of Low-carbon Economy In Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜倩

    2014-01-01

    With the increasing improvement of economic development level, in the pursuit of the quality of their own life, people also pay more attention to environmental problems. In the process of globalization, all countries try various devices to protect environment in the search for new economic growth point besides develop economy, and a low carbon economy emerges as the time requires. As a rich-energy province which depends on high-carbon economy development mode, Anhui Province also seeks innovation technology actively; optimizes the structure; develops low-carbon economy. In the low-carbon economy revolution, Anhui Province plays the advantages of various fields to actively face the challenges;identify problems; exploit the advantages to the full and solve problems.%随着经济发展水平的日益提高,人民在追求自己生活质量的同时也注重环境问题。在全球化的进程中,各国都在发展经济的同时为保护环境想方设法的寻找新的经济增长点,低碳经济应运而生。安徽省作为以高碳经济模式发展的能源大省,必须发挥各领域的优势积极面对挑战,进行创新技术,优化结构,发展低碳经济。

  7. 安徽省鸟类分布新记录——灰脸鵟鹰%A New Bird Record of Butastur indicus in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯银续; 虞磊; 高厚忠; 史杰; 李春林; 张虹旋

    2013-01-01

    2011年5月7日在安徽省安庆市岳西县鹞落坪国家级自然保护区观察到2只灰脸鵟鹰(Butastur indicus);2012年3月25日在合肥大蜀山风景区(117°9.948′E,31°51.037′ N)观察到8只灰脸鵟鹰迁徙停歇;2013年5月11日上午10:00在大蜀山再次观察到1只灰脸鵟鹰迁徒停歇;2012年3月26日在合肥市蜀山湖和2013年4月10日在肥西县紫蓬山也分别观察到2只灰脸鵟鹰迁徒飞翔.经查阅相关文献资料后证实灰脸鵟鹰为安徽省鸟类分布新记录.安徽省发现灰脸鵟鹰的迁徙停歇,对于研究其地理分布具有重要的学术意义.%On May 7th,2011,2 Butastur indicus were found in Yaoluoping National Nature Reserve,located in Dabie Mountain in Yuexi County,Anqing City of Anhui Province.On March 25th,2012,eight Butastur indicus were found and photographed in Dashushan hill in Hefei City of Anhui Province; 1 Butastur indicus was found again on May 1st,2013 in Dashushan hill; Another 2 Butastur indicus were observed again on March 26th,2012 in Shushan lake hovering flight and April 10the,2013 in Zipeng Mountain,Feixi County.By literature review,it was confirmed that Butastur indicus is a new bird record in Anhui Province.The activities of migration,stopover and reproduction of Butastur indicus were found,which has the important academic significance to study its geographical distribution.

  8. Comparative Research on the Rural Development Levels of 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the 2010 China Statistical Yearbook,a total of 12 indicators in the aspects of residents’ production,consumption expenditure,and living conditions are selected in order to construct the indicator system of rural development level.Both factor analysis and cluster analysis methods are adopted to compare the current situations of rural development levels in 31 provinces and regions of China.Result of factor analysis shows that the 12 indicators can be classified into 4 factors,such as the income and expenditure factor,the agricultural scale and science and technology factor,the life quality factor,and the agricultural output factor.Moreover,factors affecting the rural development level of China are analyzed.Then,the 31 provinces and regions are divided into 4 categories according to the development levels in rural areas:the first category is Shanghai,Beijing and Zhejiang,which have the highest development level in rural areas;the second category includes Jiangsu,Shandong and Tianjin,which take the 4th to 6th places;the third category is Guangdong,Jilin,Liaoning,Hebei,Fujian,Heilongjiang,Henan,Inner Mongolia,Anhui,Hubei,Hunan and Jiangxi,which rank the 7th-18th;and the fourth category includes Sichuan,Hainan,Ningxia,Shanxi,Guangxi,Shanxi,Xinjiang,Chongqing,Tibet,Yunnan,Gansu,Qinghai and Guizhou,taking the 19th-31st places.

  9. Spatial analysis of distribution of schistosomiasis in Anhui Province%安徽省血吸虫病流行状况的空间分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高风华; 张世清; 汪天平; 虞贝贝; 何家昶; 张功华; 汪昊

    2011-01-01

    目的应用地理信息系统(GIS)分析安徽省血吸虫病疫情的空间分布特征.方法收集安徽省2006年血吸虫病疫情调查数据,建立GIS数据库,应用ArcGIS 9.3中的反距离加权插值法(IDW),对人群血吸虫病的空间分布进行分析.结果应用IDW模拟出安徽省人群血检阳性率与感染率的分布图,显示全省人群感染较重的地区主要分布在长江流域,长江上中游段疫区相连成片,下游段疫区呈块状分布.对比模拟疫区与感染性钉螺分布及实际疫情分布,人群血检阳性率IDW图要优于人群感染率IDW图.结论应用IDW制作的插值空间分布图能直观地显示全省血吸虫病疫情分布情况;以人群血检阳性率作为疫情指标进行空间分析,可以更敏感地反映目前安徽省血吸虫病的流行状况.%Objective To study the distribution of schistosomiasis in Anhui Province based on geographic information system (GIS). Methods The survey data of disease and Oncomelania snails in Anhui Province in 2006 were collected, GIS databases were set up, and the inverse distance weighted interpolation method (IDW) based on ArcGIS 9. 3 was used to analyze the spatial distribution of schistosomiasis across the province. Results The simulated maps of distribution of human prevalence and positive rate of serological tests were imitated by using IDW. The region with heavier infection rates of schistosomiasis was distributed over the region of the Yangtze River in Anhui Province, and the endemic areas were joined into a patch in the upper and middle reaches and distributed in pieces in the lower reaches. While the endemic areas were compared with the distribution of infected snails, the IDW map of positive rate of serological tests was more exactly than that of the human prevalence. Conclusions The IDW method is helpful to show the distribution of schistosomiasis. The positive rate of serological tests is more sensitive to reflect the current endemic situation

  10. Scholarship and grant policies of Anhui Province from 1928 to 1937%1928-1937年安徽省学生奖贷金政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟

    2015-01-01

    奖贷金政策是教育政策的重要组成部分,安徽省在结束北洋军阀的混乱的统治后,在财政困难的情况下实施奖贷金政策,包括自费国外留学生奖学金政策、国内皖籍大学生奖学金政策、省立中等学校清寒优秀学生奖助金政策、助学贷金政策。这些政策的实施对于鼓励学生继续求学,减轻优秀学生的经济压力具有重要的作用。%The scholarship policy is an important part of education. After the turbulent reign of the Northern Warlords, Anhui province carried out its school aid policy system, which included foreign student scholarship at their own expenses, domestic Anhui college scholarship, provincial secondary school student scholarship policy, student loan policy in the case of their financial difficulties. The implementation of these policies played an important role in encouraging students to continue their study and reducing the economic pressure of outstanding students.

  11. Micro-Raman Spectral Characteristics and Implication of FeS 2 from Metamorphic Belt between Coal and Intrusion in Wolonghu Coal Mine of Anhui Province,China%皖北卧龙湖煤矿岩-煤蚀变带黄铁矿拉曼光谱特征及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安燕飞; 郑刘根; 孙倩文; 姜亚琳; 汪成结; 王蓉蓉; 牛坤

    2016-01-01

    Some FeS2 samples among metamorphic belt between coal and intrusion from Wolonghu mine in the north of Anhui Province were retrieved to characterize the signature of Raman Spectral .The results show that ,all Raman data of different sam‐ples can be divided into 3 types as Ⅰ ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ according to distinct differences of in Raman mode (M ) ,Raman shift (Δν) and scattering intensity (Ⅰ) .There are five strong scattering modes including high value Eg (1.16~1.59 × 103 ) ,high value Ag (2.33~2.53 × 103 ) and low value Tg (0.20~0.27 × 103 ) in typeⅠand only former three modes in type Ⅱ although the value of Eg ,Ag and Tg are similar between them .While there are only two modes of high value Eg about 327.6~328.8 cm-1 and low value Ag 389.0~390.1 cm-1 .Our analyses indicate that type Ⅰ samples must be mixed crystal of pyrite and natural coke for the former three peaks are same to deformation and stretching vibration of Fe‐[S2 ]2 - and stretching vibration of S—S in pyrite , while the latter two are similar to the vibration of Tiny graphite crystals and stretching vibration of C —C among graphite crystal from Raman data .And typeⅡsample may be pyrite for typical pyrite Scattering peak and Type Ⅲ sample possibility are low‐temperature crystalloblastic of pyrite for Marcasite spectrum features in Raman .Further analysis also showed that the formation pressure of typeⅠ and Ⅱ are the same while type Ⅲ samples formed in low pressure for Raman scattered intensity of typeⅠandⅡ are similar ,and type Ⅲ samples is obviously lower than the former two .And the formation temperature of typeⅠ ,typeⅡand type Ⅲ significantly decreased in turn for Ag peak of them are turn to high frequency about 4.4~6.7 ,4.5~8.4cm -1 respec‐tively compared with the former .Thus ,The authors’ studies suggest that pyrite samples from Metamorphic coal and metamor‐phic zone in Wolonghu coal mine are products in high temperature ,but samples from Magmatic

  12. 论完善安徽省大学生就业政策%On Perfecting the College Graduates' Employment Policies of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江俊

    2012-01-01

    Under the opportunity of the construction of the WanJiang demonstration area, Anhui province should be perfected the college graduates' employment policies, strengthened the support of construction of major courses in colleges, and improved the trainee system of college graduates. Finally, the improvement of college students' employment ability must be realized.%安徽省应抓住皖江示范区建设的机遇,通过完善安徽省大学生就业政策,加大对高校重点学科专业建设的扶持力度。进一步完善安徽省高校毕业生就业见习制度,最终实现大学生就业能力的提高。

  13. Outcome assessment of the medical relief policy in Anhui province%安徽省医疗救助政策实施效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴卫东

    2010-01-01

    The paper covered the implementation and social outcomes of the medical relief policy benefiting urban and rural residents in Anhui province. Based on analysis of problems identified, it proposed such recommendations: Enhance government financial support; improve the "safety net"mechanism of community hospitals; build a dynamic management system for those in need of medical relief; and tighten the linkage with social medical insurance.%介绍了安徽省城乡医疗救助政策的实施情况及产生的社会效果,分析其中存在的问题,提出了完善医疗救助政策的建议:加大财政支出力度;完善社区医院"兜底"机制;建立救助对象动态管理制度;密切与社会医疗保险相结合.

  14. Resources and Development of Polygonatum in Anhui province%安徽药用黄精资源及开发利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱枫; 赵宝林; 王乐; 刘学医

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the resources of medicinal plants Polygonatum in Anhui province. Methods Based on the field investigation, sample collecting and identification, as well as combined with reported data. Results There are 11 plant species of Polygonatum. Conclusion This study provided reference for further reseach and exploitation of Polygonatum.%目的 研究安徽药用黄精资源情况.方法 野外调查、标本采集与鉴定并结合文献资料.结果 安徽药用黄精有11种.结论 为进一步研究与利用安徽药用黄精提供一定依据.

  15. Risk Zonation of Cold Disaster Based on GIS: A Case Study of Anhui Province%基于GIS的低温冷冻灾害风险区划研究——以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐为安; 田红; 杨元建; 卢燕宇; 徐光清; 温华洋; 王胜

    2012-01-01

    Using the meteorological,geographical,agricultural and socio-economical data,the four indexes,including the danger of disaster-causing factors,the sensitivity of disaster-formative environments,the vulnerability of disaster-bearing body and the capability of disaster prevention,were presented and used to analyze the regional difference of cold disaster in Anhui Province based on the natural disaster risk theory.Furthermore,a comprehensive risk index model of cold disaster was constructed to zone the risk of cold disaster in Anhui Province using the above four disaster risk indexes and GIS.Finally,the zonation results were validated by the historical disaster data.The results showed that the cold disaster risk assessment model of Anhui Province was reasonable and objective,and its assessment results were relatively suitable for the fact of clod disaster risk in Anhui Province.Particularly,the high risk zones of cold disaster were mainly located in the northern areas of Anhui Province and the some mountainous areas,and the low risk of cold disaster zones were mainly located near water and cities areas in Anhui Province.Comparing with the historical disaster data,the zonation of cold disaster results were in accordance with the actual distributions.This work provided convincing evidences to assess,prevent and reduce natural cold disaster.%以安徽省为例,基于自然灾害风险形成原理,利用气象、基础地理信息、农业和社会经济等方面数据,从致灾因子危险性、孕灾环境敏感性、承灾体易损性以及抗灾能力等4个方面来综合评估安徽省低温冷冻灾害风险程度的地区差异,最终建立综合的灾害风险指数,并将该指数应用于安徽省低温冷冻灾害进行风险区划及结果验证。结果表明,安徽省低温灾害风险评估模型比较客观,较全面地反映出安徽省的低温冷冻灾害风险水平。

  16. A preliminary report on selection and breeding of 'Fengyang 1-6' Camellia oleifera in Jianghuai region of Anhui Province%安徽江淮油茶‘凤阳1~6号’选优初报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春生; 胡娟娟; 束庆龙

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of no superior trees of Camellia oleifera in Jianghuai region, selecting and breeding superior trees of Camellia oleifera have been conducted in the most northern edge (Fengyang county) of the distribution of Camellia oleifera in Anhui Province since 2007. Six superior individuals ( ' Fengyang 1-6' ) of C. oleifera were selected out in 2011 through a process of resource investigation, primary, checking and final selection. The average single fruit weight, fruit weight per plant, fresh seed rate, dry seed rate, kernel percent, solvent extraction of oil in kernel, solvent extraction of oil in fruit, unsaturated fatty acids contents and oil output per unit area of these six superior individuals were 16. 99 g, 9.62 kg, 45. 22% , 62. 41% , 69. 17% , 51. 45% , 10. 17% , 90. 3% and 0.13 kg/m2 respectively, all of which achieved the standard of selecting C. oleifera superior trees in China. These superior individual plants provided a basis for developing elite varieties in Jianghuai region of Anhui Province and other regions with similar ecotype in Chink.%为了解决安徽江淮地区无油茶良种推广的问题,自2007年以来,在安徽油茶分布的最北缘凤阳县,开展油茶优树选育工作.经过资源调查、初选、复选后,于2011年筛选出‘凤阳1~6号’6个油茶优良单株.这6个优良单株平均单果质量为16.99 9,平均株产量9.62 kg,鲜出籽率为45.22%,干籽率为62.41%,出仁率为69.17%,仁含油率为51.45%,果油率为10.17%,不饱和脂肪酸含量为90.3%,单位产油量0.13 kg/m2,各项指标均达到我国油荼优树的选择标准.该系列油茶优树的选出为安徽江淮地区乃至我国油茶分布的北缘地带发展油荼提供了良种培育的基础.

  17. 安徽省高校男子足球队的现状调查研究%Research on the Current Situation of Men's College Soccer Teams in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂宝

    2012-01-01

    We use some methods such as literature information, questionnaire survey, interview and so on to investigate the current situation of men's college soccer teams in Anhui. By studying the current situation of college soccer teams which are on a high level in Anhui province, we found out the reasons which influence the improvement of the competitive level of college men's soccer team in Anhui province. We also found that the level of college soccer team members in Anhui is lower. There has been many problems in the selection of soccer team members. The management mode of soccer team is loose and training system is not complete because they lack the investment of funds.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法等对安徽省高校男子足球队的现状进行调查,研究安徽省高校足球运动队的现状,找出影响安徽省普通高校男子足球队竞技水平提高的原因。结果表明,安徽省高校男子足球队队员水平较低,队员选拔存在问题,球队的管理模式松散,训练体制不健全,经费投入不足。

  18. 安徽省农村土地流转中的土地产权改革研究%Research on Land Property Rights Reform in Rural Land Circulation in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩墨

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes land property rights problems in rural land circulation in China , and points out the problems in the system of rural land in our country .On this basis , in combination with the actual situation of rural land circulation , this paper puts forward several suggestions for Anhui province rural land property system re -form, for the aim of improving rural land system and regulating legal land circulation in rural areas .%本文首先对我国农村土地流转中的土地产权问题进行了分析,指出了我国农村土地制度方面存在的问题,在此基础上结合安徽省农村土地流转的实际情况,提出了对安徽省农村土地产权制度改革的几点建议,旨在完善农村土地制度,规范农村土地合法流转。

  19. 经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业发展策略研究%Research on the Development Strategy of Scientific and Technological Small and Micro Enterprises in Anhui Province under the Economic New Normality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖志雄; 蔡金秋

    2015-01-01

    我国经济发展正步入新常态.本文结合经济新常态背景,分析了安徽省科技型小微企业发展的影响因素和存在的问题,从政府政策、融资渠道、组织结构、人才引进等方面提出了经济新常态下安徽省科技型小微企业的发展策略.%China's economic development is entering a new normality. Based on the background of econom?ic new normality,this paper analyzes the affecting factors and existing problems of the development of scientifi?cand technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province,and puts forward the development strategy of scientific and technological small and micro enterprises in Anhui province from the aspects of government poli?cy,financing channel,organization structure,personnel introduction and so on.

  20. 安徽发现泡花树属(Meliosma Bl.)新分布种%New record of Meliosma Bl.from Anhui,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪文革; 谢立文; 汪丛旺; 王冰

    2011-01-01

    2011年6月,作者在安徽省古树名木普查的过程中,于安徽省岳西县温泉镇发现清风藤属植物珂楠树(Meliosma alba),采集了标本并拍摄了照片,经查阅文献资料核实和专家鉴定,该种为安徽省植物新分布种。该文还对其分布概况做了描述。%A species Meliosma alba,belonging to Sabiaceae,was found and photoed in Wenquan town Yuexi county,Anhui Province in June,2011.With the help of the literature material,this species is a new record of Meliosma in Anhui.The situation of the species was described in this paper.

  1. Characterization of serogroup C meningococci isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966—2005 using comparative genomic hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide. In China, serogroup A strains were responsible for over 95% of the cases, while serogroup B strains were mainly the cause of localized outbreaks and sporadic cases. Before 2003, serogroup C strains were only re-covered from a few sporadic cases. However, a sudden increase in the number of cases due to sero-group C strains occurred during 2003—2005 in Anhui Province, China. Many cases were found in other provinces at the same time. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) results indicated that the unique se-quence type 4821 clone meningococci, a new hyper-virulent lineage, was responsible for the serogroup C meningitis outbreaks. We have completed the project of sequencing the whole genome of the Chi-nese N. meningitidis serogroup C representative isolate 053442. We fabricated a whole-genome mi-croarray of N. meningitidis isolate 053442 and analyzed the genome composition differences among 81 serogroup C isolates which were isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966—2005. The com-parative genomic hybridization (CGH) result shows that the genome compositions of nearly all sero-group C isolates are similar to that of 053442. The products of many absent open reading frames (ORFs) are conserved hypothetical proteins. The results will provide a valuable resource from which one can analyze the genome composition and genetic background of serogroup C meningococci in China.

  2. Characterization of serogroup C meningococci isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966-2005 using comparative genomic hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG JunPing; ZHANG XiaoBing; YANG E; WANG Jing; YANG Jian; SHAO ZhuJun; JIN Qi

    2007-01-01

    Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide. In China, serogroup A strains were responsible for over 95% of the cases, while serogroup B strains were mainly the cause of localized outbreaks and sporadic cases. Before 2003, serogroup C strains were only recovered from a few sporadic cases. However, a sudden increase in the number of cases due to serogroup C strains occurred during 2003-2005 in Anhui Province, China. Many cases were found in other provinces at the same time. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) results indicated that the unique sequence type 4821 clone meningococci, a new hyper-virulent lineage, was responsible for the serogroup C meningitis outbreaks. We have completed the project of sequencing the whole genome of the Chinese N. meningitidis serogroup C representative isolate 053442. We fabricated a whole-genome microarray of N. meningitidis isolate 053442 and analyzed the genome composition differences among 81 serogroup C isolates which were isolated from 14 provinces of China during 1966-2005. The comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) result shows that the genome compositions of nearly all serogroup C isolates are similar to that of 053442. The products of many absent open reading frames (ORFs) are conserved hypothetical proteins. The results will provide a valuable resource from which one can analyze the genome composition and genetic background of serogroup C meningococci in China.

  3. Simulated water productivity in Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinyan; Sun, Zhongxiao; Wang, Zhan; Chen, Jiancheng; Li, Zhaohua

    Economic value of water and economic analysis of water use management in Gansu Province of China have attracted widespread public attention. With the socioeconomic development, research on water resources has become more important than before. In this study, we define "water productivity" as the changes of economic production outputs of sectoral activities in every cubic meter of water input, which is also the technical coefficient of water resource use in each sector. According to Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) framework, based on the Input-Output Table 2007 and water resources bulletin of Gansu Province, we introduced the water into the ORANI-G (A Generic Single-Country Computable General Equilibrium model) model through the nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function to analyze the changes of economic productions caused by water supply changes. We then examined water productivity in different sectors. Empirical results showed that current water productivity is underestimated. Agricultural water productivity is lower than that of the secondary and tertiary industries, even although agricultural water use is the largest part of water use in Gansu Province, and therefore improving agricultural water productivity can greatly mitigate the water shortage. Simulation results indicate that industrial transformation and development of water-saving industries will also mitigate water scarcity. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that the empirical results are robust under different scenarios. The results also show that higher constant elasticity of substitution rate (CES) between water and other production factors will contribute to sustainable development.

  4. The Dynamic Change in the Total Arable Land and its Driving Forces in Tongling City of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; LI; Zhongxiang; YU

    2014-01-01

    According to Anhui Statistical Yearbook( 2003-2012) and the second national land survey data,this article analyzes the current situation of land use and the dynamic change in the total arable land in Tongling City. On the basis of this,using grey relational analysis,this article analyzes the driving forces for arable land changes in Tongling City. Studies show that population growth,the improvement of level of urbanization and the rapid development of the economy are the main driving forces for arable land changes. Based on the findings,the strategies are put forth in order to ensure the dynamic balance of total arable land.

  5. RISK REGIONALIZATION OF HAIL DISASTER FOR COTTON OF ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省棉花冰雹灾害风险区划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹圆圆; 赵金涛; 王静爱

    2013-01-01

    As an important part of hail disaster risk research,regionalization of hail disaster has a significant effect for formulating regional countermeasure on disaster mitigation and prevention.Assessment of hail disaster risk is the precondition and foundation of the hail disaster risks regionalization.Anhui Province where hail disasters are frequent was taken as an example.In this province hail disasters frequently occur April to September,and are coincident to main growing stages of cotton,which is one of the main economic crops in this province.Although its short duration time,small influence scope and strong abruptness,hail poses a grave threat to cotton farming.This influence mainly manifests in the following five aspects:breaking leaves and stem of cotton,knocking cotton bolls,battering growing point and causing total destruction.Therefore,it is very important to study the influence of hail disaster to cotton and to map the zonation of risk for secure production of cotton.Based on the regional disaster system theory and hail disaster risk assessment database of cotton,risk analysis is taken and atlas of risk assessment was compiled from four dimensions respectively-sensibility of environment,hazard of hail,vulnerability of cotton and risk of hail.Among them,with hail disaster magnitude index (H) and loss rate of cotton (L),which are obtained with the method of statistical inference and comprehensive index measure,hail disaster risk of cotton was carried out based on constructed model for calculating annual loss rate of cotton hail:Sa =nΣi=1Si-nΠi=1Si =1-nΠi=1(1-Si).Then cotton hail risk zoning of Anhui Province was complete with multimethod,such as GIS technology,method of "top-down" and "bottom-up",cluster analysis and reference of remote sensing images.Zoning indexes include assessment result of disaster-forming environment sensibility,topography and landform,frequency of hail falling,proportion of cotton planting,regionalization result of single factor

  6. 论新时期安徽省文化人才队伍建设%The Theory of Cultural Talent Team Construction in Anhui Province in The New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏婷

    2015-01-01

    to explore the significance of cultural talent team construction in anhui province in the new period,and analyses the basic requirement of cultural talent team construction in anhui province in the new period and the current status of cultural talent team construction,to suggest how to build the culture of the high quality talent team.%探讨新时期安徽省文化人才队伍建设的重要意义,分析新时期安徽省文化人才队伍建设的基本要求与当前文化人才队伍建设现状,对如何建设高质量的文化人才队伍提出建议。

  7. Analysis on Energy Consumption and Carbon Emission in Anhui Province%2000—2009年安徽省能源消费与碳排放分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静; 冯娜娜

    2011-01-01

    Using the calculation methodology and carbon emission coefficients adopted by the IPCC (2006), the amount of carbon emissions due to energy consumption in Anhui Province were calculated from 2000 to 2009. The results showed the energy consumption increased continuously, from 4 878.82 × 10^4t in 2000 to 8 895.90 × 10^4t in 2009, the average annual rate is 6. 9%. The energy consumption of second industry accounted for above 79% of the total energy consumption. The carbon emissions from energy consumption increased, form 4 107.48 × 10^4t in 2000 to 8 536.12 × 10^4t in 2009. Coal carbon emissions is the largest among all kinds of energy consumption and accounted for 77% - 82%. The decreasing trends carbon emission intensity was analyzed. The carbon emission intensity was lower then that in China, but higher than that in the global average and America. The carbon factor analysis concluded that carbon emissions and population, per capita GDP and energy intensity appear to be highly correlation.%根据联合国政府气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)2006年版碳排放指南中的计算公式和碳排放系数缺省值,计算了安徽省2000年-2009年能源消费和碳排放情况。结果表明:安徽省能源消费由2000年的4878.82万t标准煤增长到2009年的8895.90Ut标准煤,平均年增长率为6.9%,其中第二产业部门能源消费量均占能源消费总量的79%以上;能源消费产生的二氧化碳由2000年的4107.48万t增长到2009年的8536.12万t,其中在各种能源消费碳排放量中原煤的碳排放量最大,占总碳排放量的77%~82%;碳排放强度总体上呈现下降的趋势,低于全国平均碳排放强度,但高于全球和美国;碳排放的因素分析得出碳排放量与人口、人均GDP、能源强度呈现高度相关性。

  8. Carbon Storage of Forest Vegetation in Chizhou of Anhui Province%安徽池州森林植被碳贮量调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张乐勤

    2011-01-01

    气候变暖及应对是国际社会关注的焦点,也是当前学术界的研究热点,森林植被碳汇定量化评估是气候变化应对研究的重要方面.安徽池州是国家首个生态经济示范区,也是“生态安徽”建设试点市.利用2009年森林清查资料,采用调查研究、模型研究和文献研究等手段,基于不同林分生物量与蓄积量回归方程、全干生物量的计算方法,揭示了池州森林植被碳贮量.结果表明:池州总生物量为3.598 879 0×107t,总全干生物量为3.513 103 1×107t,总碳贮量为1.716 13×107t,碳密度为34.70 t·hm-2.该文有助于加深政府部门及公众对池州森林植被巨大碳汇生态服务功能的认识,为制定生态立市发展战略提供理论依据,从而增强人们保护池州森林植被的积极性与主动性.%Climate warming and responses become the focus of international attention and academic research. Quantitative assessment of forest vegetation carbon sequestration is an important aspect of climate change research. Chizhou is the first eco-economy demonstration area in China and also the pilot city of construction in ecological Anhui Province. With forest inventory data from 2009, we used investigation, models, literature search and other methods to show carbon storage of forest vegetation in Chizhou based on calculating biomass of different stands and volume regression equations on the whole dry biomass. The total biomass of Chizhou is 35.988 790 million t; the total whole dry biomass 35.131 031 million t; the total carbon storage is 17.161 3 million t, and the carbon density is 34.70 t-hirf2. This article can help government departments and increase public awareness about the huge forest vegetation ecosystem services of carbon sequestration in Chizhou to provide a theoretical basis for establishing the eco-city development strategy; it also enhances the enthusiasm and initiative of forest vegetation protection in Chizhou.

  9. Urbanization of Rural Migrant Workers in Anhui Province Economic Factors%安徽省农民工市民化经济因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周庆林

    2014-01-01

    The-economic-development-history-shows-that-urbanization-is-the-only-way-for-Chinese-economic-and-social-development-,and-the-urbanization-of-rural-migrant-workers-is-an-important-part-of-the-new-type-of-urbanization.Basising-of-Chinese-population-and-employment-statistics-yearbook-and-Anhui-statistical-yearbook-data-,in-building-an-index-system-and-applies-principal-component-analysis-and-Granger-causali-ty-test,it-analyzed-the-economic-factors-influencing-the-citizenization-of-migrant-workers-.Increasing-the-in-come-of-migrant-workers-,increasing-the-intensity-of-training-for-migrant-workers-,vigorously-promoting-agri-cultural-modernization-level-would-effectively-enhance-the-level-of-urbanization-of-rural-migrant-workers-in-Anhui-province-.%经济发展历史分析表明,城镇化是中国经济社会发展的必由之路,而农民工市民化是新型城镇化的重要组成部分。依据中国人口和就业统计年鉴及安徽省统计年鉴数据,在构建指标体系并运用主成分分析法和格兰杰因果检验之后,分析影响农民工市民化的经济因素。研究发现,提高农民工收入、加大对农民工的培训力度、大力提升农业现代化水平可以有效提升安徽省农民工市民化水平。

  10. On Perfection of Migrant Workers' Right of Basic Health Care in Anhui Province%论安徽省农民工基本医疗保障权的完善

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张健

    2015-01-01

    With the constant rising of migrant workers ' health consciousness in recent years , the shortages of legal provisions about health insurance for migrant workers appear in Anhui Province .Based on examining the reality of medical insurance for migrant workers in Anhui Province , as well as the comparison of the medical insurance systems for migrant workers at home and abroad , this paper gives three main modes of medical insurance for them , then improves the medical insurance system in Anhui Province , and proposes the measures to implement the differentiated medical insurance for long-term and stabile migrant workers and the unified urban and ru-ral residents health insurance for short-term flows of migrant workers , in order to better protect migrant workers ' medical insurance in Anhui Province .%随着近年来农民工健康意识不断提高, 安徽省关于农民工医疗保险法律规定的不足也不断显现. 在对安徽省农民工医疗保险的现实考察, 以及比较了国内外关于农民工医疗保险制度的基础上, 得出农民工医疗保险的三种主要模式, 进而对该省农民工医疗保险制度进行完善, 并提出对长期稳定的农民工实行差别化城镇职工医疗保险, 短期流动的农民工实行城乡统一居民医疗保险, 以期更好地保障安徽省农民工医疗保险.

  11. 安徽省假棘影熊虫属(缓步动物,棘影科)2个新记录种记述%Two New Records of Pseudechiniscus (Tardigrada,Echiniscidae) from Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏群; 刘晓莉

    2009-01-01

    Two new records of Tardigrada in Anhui Province were reported. They are Pseudechiniscus facettalis Petersen, 1951 (Heterotardigrada, Echiniscidae) and Pseudechiniscus suillus Ehrenberg, 1853 (Heterotardigrada, Echiniscidae).%记述了安徽省2个缓步动物新记录种,它们是Pseudechiniscus facettalis Petersen,1951(异缓步纲,棘影科)和Pseudechiniscus suillus Ehrenberg,1853(异缓步纲,棘影科).

  12. Pollution distribution and health risk assessment of heavy metals in indoor dust in Anhui rural, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yuesheng; Fang, Fengman; Wang, Fei; Xu, Minglu

    2015-09-01

    Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, V, Ni, Co, and As concentrations of indoor dust in Anhui rural were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The degrees of metal pollution in indoor dust ranked as follows: Zn > Pb > Cr > Cu > V > Ni > Co > As, on average. The arithmetic means of Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, V, Ni, Co, and As were 427.17, 348.73, 107.05, 113.68, 52.64, 38.93, 10.29, and 4.46 mg/kg, respectively. These were higher than background values of Anhui soil for Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Ni, especially for Pb with the mean value of 13.21 times the background value. Heavy metal concentrations of indoor dust were different from different rural areas. House type (bungalows or storied house), sweeping frequency, and external environment around the house (such as the road grade) affected heavy metal concentrations in indoor dust. The results of factor analysis and correlation analysis indicated that Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn, and Co concentrations were mainly due to interior paint, metal objects, and building materials. Pb and As concentrations were due to vehicle emissions. V concentration was mainly of natural source. Average daily doses for the exposure pathway of the studied heavy metals decreased in children in the following order: hand-to-mouth ingestion > dermal contact > inhalation. The non-carcinogenic risks of heavy metals ranked as Pb > V > Cr > Cu > Zn > As > Co > Ni, and the carcinogenic risks of metals decreased in the order of Cr > Co > As > Ni. The non-carcinogenic hazard indexes and carcinogenic risks of metals in indoor dust were both lower than the safe values.

  13. New Marketing Channel for Special Local Agricultural Products in Anhui Province%安徽省特色农产品营销渠道创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 雷勋平

    2012-01-01

    In Anhui Province, special local agricultural products represent local brands and play an importanl and leading role in forming the agricultural product structure and in increasing farmers' income. The marketing channels for thesc products have been basically formed, but there arc still some problems. We have conducted extensive researches in major areas of the province and in this paper we put forward new strategies concerning marketing channels of these products in the hope to promote development of agricultural businesses and further increase farmers' income.%特色农产品在安徽省整个农产品结构中发挥着重要的引领作用,是地方农产品品牌的代表,其产业发展对于农民增收具有重要的推动作用。安徽省特色农产品营销渠道虽已初步形成,但尚存在一些问题。本课题组通过对安徽省典型地区进行广泛调研,提出安徽省特色农产品渠道创新策略,希望促进农民的增收和农业企业的发展。

  14. 安徽省体育产业的STOW分析及其发展战略研究%The STOW analysis and the development strategy of the sports industry in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The STOW method was applied to evaluate the current situation of the sports industry in Anhui province, analyze the advantage and disadvantage of the industry development in Anhui province, synthesize the opportunity and challenge in future, put forward the strategic thinking, strategic target and measures, provide theoretical basis for the stable and continuous development of the sports industry in Anhui province.%运用STOW分析法,对安徽省体育产业的现状,产业发展的优势、劣势以及体育产业发展的机遇和挑战进行综合分析,提出安徽省体育产业发展的战略思想、战略目标和战略措施,为安徽省体育产业将来一段时间更加稳定的、持续的发展提供理论依据。

  15. Serological Investigation of Swine Toxoplasmosis in Partial Area of Anhui Province%安徽部分地区猪弓形虫病的血清学调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向忠菊; 段永兰; 岳新军; 陈鹏举

    2011-01-01

    In order to understand the status of toxoplasmosis infection on pigs in partial area of Anhui Province, 1 227 samples of swine serum were collected from pig farms (households) in partial regions of Anhui Province, and the toxoplasma antibodies of these serums were detected by indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The results showed that the average positive rate was 24.29% for all of the samples, so it means that the toxoplasmosis infections were widespread in pig farms of Anhui Province, and its prevalence and occurrence related to the culture month and the culture size.%为了解安徽地区猪感染弓形虫病的情况,从安徽省部分地区养殖场(户)采取猪血清1 227份、采用间接血凝试验(IHA)检测弓形虫抗体.结果显示:平均阳性率为24.29%,表明安徽地区猪弓形虫病普遍存在.其发生与流行与养殖月份和养殖规模相关.

  16. Study of SMEs’s market pre-warning mechanism in Anhui Province%安徽省中小企业市场预警机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦长

    2013-01-01

    With the exaggeration of global economic turbulences, it is very necessary to establish SMEs ’s market pre-warning mech-anism in Anhui Province,which can strengthen the SMEs’s ability of risk response ,and enhance it’s core competitiveness. On the basis of many threats faced by SMEs in Anhui Province under the background of economic globalization, it is proposed that Strategies which can promote SMEs’s grow up healthy in order to establish SMEs’s market pre-warning mechanism in Anhui Province.%伴随全球经济动荡的加剧,安徽省中小企业建立市场预警机制,有利于增强风险应对能力,提升企业的核心竞争力。基于全面分析经济全球化背景下安徽省中小企业面临诸多威胁,提出建立安徽省中小企业市场预警机制的策略,可以促进中小企业健康成长。

  17. The first discovery of Indosinian quartz porphyry in Dongkengkou Village, southern An-hui Province%皖南印支期石英斑岩的首次发现及其构造意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀; 余心起; 李鹏举; 陈子微

    2016-01-01

    印支时期,中国东南部地区构造运动活跃,岩浆活动较为发育。但是,皖南地区一直未发现该时期侵入岩。近期在安徽省黄山市徽州区东坑口村北约500m处x046县道旁,发现石英斑岩脉体。用LA-ICP-MS技术测得其中锆石的U-Pb年龄为245.2±2.4 Ma,此年龄代表石英斑岩的结晶年龄,即形成于印支期中三叠世,而非前人一直认为的燕山期岩浆活动产物。岩石地球化学特征显示,东坑口石英斑岩富集Th、La、Ce等大离子亲石元素及轻稀土元素,亏损Ba、Sr、P、Ti等高场强元素,具有高的10000×Ga/Al值及Zr、Nb、Ce、Y含量,岩石中可见半自形的石英和斜长石,具有A型花岗岩的特征。皖南印支期A型花岗岩的发现,为区域构造-岩浆演化研究提供了新的科学依据,对理解和构建中国东南部乃至华南地区早中生代构造演化具有重要意义。%It is generally thought that both tectonic events and magmatic activities during the Indosinian period were intense in south⁃eastern China. In contrast, the Indosinian magmatic activities in southern Anhui area were generally not considered to be existent, be⁃cause there was not any previous reported Indosinian intrusive rock in this area. In this paper, the authors obtained LA-ICP-MS zir⁃con U-Pb weighted average age of 245.2±2.4Ma for the quartz porphyry dyke from the side of x046 highway, about 500m north of Dongkengkou Village, Huizhou District, Huangshan City, southern Anhui Province, which implys that the Dongkengkou quartz por⁃phyry (DQP) was formed during Indosinian period rather than in Yanshanian period. The bulk-rock chemical data indicate that the DQP is enriched with LILE, LREE and depleted in high field-strength elements Ba, Sr, P, Ti, and possesses high 10000×Ga/Al ra⁃tios and high Zr, Nb, Ce and Y values. Petrologically, the DQP has hypidiomorphic quartz and plagioclase, exhibiting A-type gran

  18. 安徽省政务微信建设的现状、问题与对策%Present Situation ,Problems and Countermeasures of Government Micro-Letter Construction in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高杰; 杨剑

    2015-01-01

    近年来安徽省的政务微信发展比较迅速,在推动政府信息公开透明,创新社会管理与公共服务方面发挥了积极作用.但是从总体上看,安徽省政务微信建设还比较滞后,暴露出整体发展呈结构性失调,重信息发布而轻提升服务等问题.借鉴省内外政务微信的实践经验,通过综合化、法制化、专门化和亲民化,推进安徽省政务微信建设.%In recent years,the development of government micro-letter in Anhui province is relatively rapid. It has played a positive role in promoting the government information openness and transparency,and also in the innovation of social manage-ment and public services. But on the whole,Anhui government micro-letter construction is lagging behind,exposing some problems such as,the structural imbalance in overall development,attaching great importance to information dissemination but the lack of improving services. Based on the practical experience of the micro-letter construction inside and outside An-hui province,we can conclude that integration,legalization,specialization and PFP will inevitably become the only way for pro-moting the construction of Anhui province government micro-letter.

  19. Political Situation in Anhui and Candidates for Military Governors in the Early Republic of China%民初安徽政局与都督人选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭从杰

    2015-01-01

    安徽政局在辛亥革命进程中极具典型意义,从安徽巡抚朱家宝被推为首任都督,至革命党人孙毓筠、柏文蔚等被派就任,最后到出身北洋的倪嗣冲最终督皖,都督人选更迭频繁。这显示了辛亥革命进程的曲折和安徽政局的不稳,也折射出南北双方各派力量的较量以及民初中国政局的特点。%The political situation of Anhui is significant in Xinhai Revolution. Candidates for military governors changed rapid-ly. ZHU Jia-bao, the provincial governor of Anhui, was chosen as the first one;SUN Yu-jun and BO Wen-wei, both revolutiona-ries, were then appointed;NI Si-chong, one of the Northern Warlords, was the last one. This shows the instability of the political situation in Anhui and the twists and turns of the Xinhai Revolution, and reflects the contest between northern and southern groups and the features of the political situation in Early Republic of China.

  20. Occurrence and Defense of Frost Disaster in Anhui Province%安徽省霜冻灾害的发生及防御

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩丽

    2015-01-01

    The cause,types,spatial and temporal distribution regularities of frost disaster in Anhui Province were intro-duced at first,then the harm mechanism and the harm to crops were put forward, at last,the defense measures were mainly proposed,such as smoking method,irri-gation method and covering method.This study provided a basis for mitigating frost disaster risks and reducing the agricul-tural production losses.%介绍了安徽省霜冻灾害的成因、类型、时空分布规律,并提出其危害机理、对农作物的危害等,重点提出防御措施,如烟熏法、灌水法、覆盖法,为减轻霜冻危害风险,减少农业生产损失提供了依据。

  1. 安徽省杂交粳稻的研究与利用%Research and Application of Japonic Hybrid Rice Combination in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德正; 王守海; 李成荃; 罗彦长

    2001-01-01

    阐述了安徽省杂交粳稻育种23a来的发展历程。介绍了BT型不育系、光(温)敏核不育系和恢复系选育的基本经验,以及主要三系、两系组合的产量、米质、抗性、高产制种技术经验和应用价值。提出了下一步研究策略。%The breeding development of Japonica hybrid rice in Anhui province for 23 years was described in the paper. In the study, there were not only some breeding experiences in breeding of BT type Cytoplasmic Male Sterility(CMS) line, Photo(thermo) Sensitive Genic Male Sterility(PGMS or TGMS) line and restore line, but also description of characteristics, high-yielding seed production techniques and application values for mainly three-line and two-line hybrids.Future reseraching strategies will be to improve morphological and phtotsynthesis characteristics of the hybrid for exploiting the heterosis of Puter -subspecific hybrids.On the other hand,the farmers' skill for planting high-yielding of Japonica hybrid should be trainned.

  2. Spatial Pattern of Pteroceltis tatarinowii Populations in Langya Moutain of Anhui Province%安徽琅琊山青檀种群空间格局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉; 张小平; 陆畅; 李晓红

    2012-01-01

    利用点格局O-Ring统计法,分析安徽省琅琊山青檀种群的空间分布格局.结果表明:青檀种群趋于小龄化,种群结构呈倒“J”型,属增长型种群;种群中Ⅰ龄级个体在r<25 m的尺度上呈集群分布;Ⅱ龄级个体呈随机分布,随龄级增大,逐渐趋于均匀分布;不同龄级间青檀个体的关联性研究表明,只有Ⅰ龄级和Ⅱ龄级个体在r>8 m的尺度上呈正关联,其余各龄级间均无显著关联.%The spatial distribution patterns and associations of different ages of P. Tatarinowii were analysed in Langya Mountain, Anhui Province by O-Ring statistics in point patterns analysis. The results showed that the P. Tatrinowii population was of an increasing one, the age class tended to be young ages and the age structure presented a reversedly J-shaped pattern. The age-class I exhibited a clumped spatial distribution at the scale of r 8 m.

  3. 安徽旅行社企业核心竞争力问题探析%On the Core Competitiveness of the Travel Agencies in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章筱蕾

    2011-01-01

    随着我省旅游经济的快速发展,旅行社业作为旅游业的龙头产业,在其核心竞争力发展中所表现出的问题尤其突出。本文针对安徽旅行社行业核心竞争力发展现状,着重对旅行社内部战略层面进行分析,提出从旅行社品牌建设、产品创新、员工队伍建设和企业文化建设四个方面全面提升旅行社核心竞争力。%With the rapid development of the tourism economy in Anhui province, travel agency has been a leading industry in tourism. However, many outstanding issues can be found in its core competitiveness. This article makes a deep analysis of the internal strategies of travel agency industry in terms of the present condition of the core competitiveness and offers some suggestions on how to completely improve the core competitiveness of a travel agency in terms of its brand construction, innovation in tourism products, organization of tourism staff and cultivation of business culture.

  4. 扶持返乡农民工创业的对策研究——以安徽省为例%Research on the Entrepreneurship of Migrant Workers Returning Home---exemplified by Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 唐国银

    2011-01-01

    Currently, in Anhui Province, a traditional major province in exporting labor, more andmore migrant workers returning home would like to stay at their hometown, and most of them want to set up their own business. Obviously, the local government should give vigorous aid to these home-going migrant workers. Therefore, Anhui Province could draw on the successful experiences of other provinces for helping the migrant workers returning home, among which include financing, entrepreneurship training and business incubator constructing for the home-going migrant workers. In a word, the government should explore an effective way to offer practical help to the home-going migrant workers both based on the actual state of economic and social development in Anhui, and characterized by the new rural construction.%安徽省是劳务输出大省,当前,由于主客观原因的共同影响,大批农民工返乡并滞留在农村。他们之中有很多人怀有创业愿望,针对这些农民工,政府应该大力扶持。安徽省可以借鉴其他省份扶持返乡农民工创业的经验,并从融资、创业培训、打造农民工创业园等三个方面大力扶持返乡农民工创业。挖掘一条既适合我省农村经济社会发展实情,又具有社会主义新农村特色的农民工创业之路。

  5. A new species of the genus Ctenophora Meigen (Diptera: Tipuloidea: Tipulidae) from China, with a key to the world species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Men, Qiu-Lei; Huang, Min-Yi

    2014-07-29

    One new species of the genus Ctenophora Meigen, 1803, C. fumosa Men, sp. nov. (southern China: Anhui) is described and illustrated. A key to known species along with a checklist of known species of the genus Ctenophora are provided. The type specimens of the new species are deposited in the animal specimen room, School of Life Science, Anqing Normal University, Anqing, Anhui Province, China

  6. On Present Situation and Countermeasures of Youth Handball Development in Anhui Province%安徽省青少年手球发展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燃; 付银鹰; 赵德云

    2013-01-01

    Handball is the advantage project and traditional project of Anhui Province.Handball movement has lasted for more than half a century.Based on the research development needs of youth handball of Anhui Province,the study takes 12 handball teams in amateur sports schools,middle and primary schools in Hefei,Huainan and etc as the research object.The study found that,in recent years,the development of handball situation in Anhui Province is good and handball population increased year by year,but the number of handball equipments in venues is unable to meet the growing demand for the handball population and the high levels of handball coaches (teachers) are in severe shortage.The handball development of middle and primary schools in the province is unbalanced.And the paper put forward some feasible suggestions and provided the theoretical basis for the analysis of the present situation of youth handball development to speed up the sustainable,healthy and orderly development of handball in Anhui province.%手球是安徽省的优势项目、传统项目,手球运动的开展已经持续了半个多世纪.本研究根据安徽省青少年手球发展的研究需要,抽取在合肥、淮南等12个市业余体校、中、小学手球队为研究对象.研究发现,近年来,安徽省手球运动发展态势良好,手球人口逐年递增,但手球场馆器材的数量还无法满足日益增长的手球人口的需求,高水平的手球教练员(教师)数量严重匮乏;全省中、小学手球开展不均衡.在此提出一些具有一定可行性的建议,为分析安徽省青少年手球现状提供了理论依据,以加快安徽省手球运动持续、健康、有序的发展.

  7. 安徽省服务贸易的影响因素检验:1995-2013%Analysis of Influence Factors of Service Trade of Anhui Province:1995-2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万红先; 王利平

    2015-01-01

    基于安徽省1995-2013年的年度数据,首先采用主成分分析法从选取的多维变量中得到代表变量信息的主要因素,以消除解释变量间的多重共线性。其次通过回归分析法对影响安徽省服务贸易的因素进行实证分析。结果显示:安徽省人均GDP、安徽省货物贸易进出口额、安徽省实际利用外资金额、人力资本、安徽省服务贸易开放度、安徽省居民消费价格指数、安徽省城市化水平和汇率均与服务贸易额呈正相关。并在此基础上提出发展安徽省服务贸易的对策建议。%Based on the annual data of Anhui Province from 1995 to 2013 ,the principal component analy‐sis (PCA ) is used to obtain the main factors representing variable information from multi‐variables and to eliminate the multi‐collinearity between the explanatory variables .Then an empirical analysis is made using regression analysis method on the influencing factors of service trade in the province .The results show that the per‐capita GDP in Anhui Province ,import and export of goods trade ,the amount of actual use of foreign capital ,human capital in Anhui Province ,the openness of service trade ,the consumer price index ,urbaniza‐tion level and exchange rate are positively correlated with the service trade .Finally ,some countermeasures and suggestions are put forward on the development of service trade of Anhui Province .

  8. Study of bronzes excavated from Nanling county,Anhui province%安徽南陵出土部分青铜器研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾莹; 刘平生; 黄允兰

    2012-01-01

    安徽省南陵县是长江下游地区最早而且规模最大的冶炼中心之一,其古代矿冶遗址可上溯至西周晚期。本研究对南陵出土的不同年代和类别的青铜器样品进行了金相检测及合金成分定量分析。结果表明,只有容器存在铜铅二元合金和铜锡铅三元合金,但是热锻淬火的容器却不含铅,含锡量恰好位于适合该工艺操作并具有良好性能的区间。兵器、工具、车马饰均为铜锡二元合金,说明当时的工匠对于合金成分配比与性能的关系有明确的认识。越式鼎腹部样品具有热锻淬火马氏体组织,同样的金属结构还见于汉代铜锣等乐器、峡江地区战国中晚期青铜剑、江都大桥镇南朝青铜器窖藏出土的多件青铜容器,而镇江地区出土吴国青铜戈则具有铸造淬火组织,工艺稍有差别。这些器物中发现高锡青铜淬火组织不是偶然的,高锡青铜热锻淬火技术至少可以上溯至春秋战国时期,用以改善高锡青铜的机械性能。%Ancient mining and smelter remains in Nanling county,Anhui province show that this region is one of earliest and biggest metallurgical industry centers in the lower reaches of Yangzi river of China.The earliest Jiangmuchong site was dated to the late West Zhou dynasty. Microstructures and compositions of various bronze samples from Nanling county and dated from late West Zhou Dynasty to Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods were investigatd.Examination reveals that some vessels are copper-lead or copper-tin-lead alloys.However,those made by hot forging,followed by quenching do not contain lead,but rather have a tin content that is right for the technique and good for their properties.Weapons,tools and horse and cart decorations are all copper-tin alloys,suggesting that the bronze artisans at the time had a good understanding of the relationship between an alloy's composition and its properties.The body of a "Ding" in the

  9. Study on the ICT Development Level of Elementary Education in Central China--Based on the Data Analysis of 5 Provinces 14 Cities (Districts) From Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Henan and Anhui%我国中部地区基础教育信息化发展水平研究*--基于湖北、湖南、江西、河南、安徽5省14个市(区)的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴砥; 李枞枞; 周文婷; 卢春

    2016-01-01

    The 5 provinces in central China have similar economic standard and large educational scale. The overall development level of ICT in elementary education in central China is inferior to medium level in nationwide scope. Besides, there is considerably gap among different provinces and different districts in the same province. Based on the spot check data of 14 districts from the 5 provinces, the paper made comparative analysis on the current situation of ICT development level in elementary education in central China. This signiifcant factors which impact the development of the ICT in elementary education in central China include:(1) The disparities of digital resources become obvious. The vast majority of primary and secondary schools haven’t set up school-based resource center, and the situation of high quality digital resources supported by teaching material has become worse; (2) The recognition degree of the information-based teaching application have been gradually improved. However, the application has not been infused into the link of teaching; (3) The ICT management in elementary education is in the initial stage. The application and popularization of ICT management in elementary education should be reinforced; (4) The ICT development level in provincial capital city and side-provincial capital cities are signiifcantly higher than ordinary city. The difference of ICT development of elementary education among districts is obvious.%我国中部5省经济水平相当,基础教育规模接近且总量较大,基础教育信息化整体发展水平在全国范围内属于中等偏下,省域间、省域内的差异较大。基于中部5省14市(区)的基础教育信息化抽样调查数据,该文对我国中部地区省域间、省域内的基础教育信息化发展现状及其差异性进行对比分析。研究发现影响中部省份基础教育信息化发展的显著因素包括:(1)数字资源整体差异较大,绝大部分中小学校未建

  10. 安徽淮河流域洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力评估%Assessment of capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction of Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大鹏; 郑伟; 张人禾; 霍治国; 李加林; 彭顺风

    2011-01-01

    采用层次分析法并融合专家意见,遵循客观性、数据获取便利性、指标量化可行性并突出主导因素等原则,构建综合防洪除涝能力、监测预警能力、抢险救灾与恢复重建能力以及灾害管理能力的洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力综合评估指标体系,对安徽淮河流域各县市洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力进行评估.评估表明:蚌埠市防灾减灾能力最高,其次为难南市、淮北市,再次为凤台县、阜阳市、滁州市、濉溪县、宿州市,其余县市为较低以下防灾减灾能力.分析发现:淮河干流以南县市洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力相对较低,淮北平原相对较高;沙颍河右侧的临泉县和阜南县防灾减灾能力低,左侧县市相对较高;涡河蒙城以上的涡阳县和毫州市防灾减灾能力较低.%Taking the Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province as the study area and following principles of objectivity, data availability, feasibility of index quantification and highlighting dominant factors, the index system of assessment of capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction was established at city-county level, which is composed of capacity of flood prevention and waterlogging control, capacity of flood monitoring and warning, capacity of rescue and rehabilitation, and capacity of disaster management. The judge matrixes of index system and index weights were established by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach based on opinions from experts. Then a capacity map of flood disaster prevention and reduction of the Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province was generated. The result shows that the capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction is the highest in Bengbu city, followed by Huainan city, Huaibei city, Fengtai county, Fuyang city,Chuzhou city, Suixi county and Suzhou city, while the others have relatively low and even lower capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction. A further analysis shows that the capacity is low in

  11. Enviromental Load of Anhui Province and Its Reduction:An Approach of Material Flow Analysis%基于物质流分析方法的安徽省环境载荷及其减量化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴开亚; 刘晓薇; 张浩

    2011-01-01

    .However, the rebound effect due to economic growth was more significant than the reduction effect due to improvements in environmental efficiency.As a result, this has led to continuing increases in domestic environmental load.It is estimated that the net increase in domestic environmental load was 3.295 × 109 t during the period 1999- 2007.This suggests that the goal of realizing absolute reduction on provincial scales was not achieved yet.3) The level of environmental efficiency was still low on provincial scales, indicating the current status of weak sustainable development.Thus, in the long run it is urgent to advocate and push the factor revolution of environmental efficiency to achieve the goals of zero increase and even the negative increase in environmental load.4) According to Anhui province' s strategic plan for economic development, compared with GDP recorded in the base year of 2000, the total GDP must double in 2020.However, this province is still an underdeveloped region in China.Given the weakness of resources exploitation, technical innovation, and marketing, it is projected that the rebound effect due to economic growth will be more significant.Thus, if we set the environmental load and environmental efficiency in 2007 as a baseline, it is estimated that the two-fold factor revolution of environmental efficiency is a prerequisite for realizing the goal of zero growth of provincial environmental load in 2020.

  12. 安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病人群分布特征分析%Analysis on the Characteristics of Population Distribution of Measles Cases in Anhui Province during 1997-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴智勤; 唐继海; 张伟青; 刘丹青; 何纳

    2012-01-01

    目的 对安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病人群分布特征进行分析,为制定消除麻疹策略提供参考.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法,对麻疹发病人群分布的相关数据进行统计分析.结果 安徽省1997~2010年麻疹发病仍属于小年龄人群发病模式,主要集中在学龄前儿童和小学生,<15岁儿童仍是麻疹高发年龄段.2005年以来,<1岁发病构成比上升明显.结论 提高麻疹减毒活疫苗及时接种率,保持高水平的人群免疫力,是阻断麻疹传播的根本措施.%Objective To analyze the characteristics of population distribution of measles cases in Anhui province during 1997-2010, and provide evidence for the strategies of measles elimination. Methods Colleting the data of population distribution of measles cases during 1997-2010 in Anhui province, and analyze the data by descriptive epidemiology. Results From 1997 to 2010, most of measles cases were found among the children aged 0-14 years old in Anhui province. And most of measles cases are preschool children and pupils. The proportion of measles cases aged < 1 year increased significantly since 2005. Conclusions Improving the timely coverage rate of measles vaccine inoculation in order to maintain a high level of herd immunity is the fundamental measure for preventing the measles epidemic.

  13. Industrial Pollution Emission Characteristics and Influence Factors On Analysis in Anhui Province%安徽省工业污染排放特征及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢国根; 赵春艳

    2015-01-01

    首先以环境库兹涅茨曲线理论为基础,利用安徽省2000-2013年样本数据,研究了人均GDP与污染综合指数之间的曲线特征和原因,结果表明安徽省库兹涅茨曲线呈N型;其次又采用因素分解法对工业污染物排放量进行了分析,结果表明经济总量的增加对环境污染物排放的起到了主导作用,但是产业结构调整对污染物排放量降低的贡献相对较小。最后对安徽省经济发展与环境保护的协调发展提出了一些建议。%Based on the environmental Kuznets curve theory, the paper makes use of the data from Anhui province form 2000 to 2013 and studies the curve characteristics and the reasons between per capita GDP and pollution composite index. The results show that the Kuznets curve shows“N”in anhui province.Then using the decomposition method to analyze industrial pollutant emissions, the results show that effect of economy on environment pollution has played a leading role, but the industrial structure has a relatively small contri-bution to the decrease of pollutants emission. Finally, it gives some Suggestions abouts the Anhui province economic development and en-vironmental protection coordination development .

  14. Evaluation and Analysis on the Municipal Innovation Capability of Agricultural Technology in Anhui Province%安徽省各市农业技术创新能力评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德元; 张杰兮

    2013-01-01

    文章以农业技术创新理论为基础,通过选取安徽省各市的14个原始指标构建出农业技术创新能力评价体系,采用主成分分析法和聚类分析法对安徽省各市的农业技术创新能力进行评析和分类,并提出了提升安徽省各市农业技术创新能力的相关对策。并在市级农业技术创新能力的定量分析领域提供了相关理论依据和研究方法,为全面建设安徽省农业技术创新体系夯实了基础。%Based on the theory of agricultural technology innovation and by selecting 14 basic indicators of cities in Anhui prov-ince, this paper designs the evaluation system of innovation capability of agricultural technology. Using principal component analysis and cluster analysis, this paper evaluates and classifies the innovation capability of agricultural technology in the cit-ies of Anhui province,and puts forward the related policy suggestions for improving the innovation level of agricultural technol-ogy. At last,the paper provides the relevant theories and research methods in the field of the quantitative analysis on the munic-ipal innovation capability of agricultural technology and strengthens the construction of agricultural technology innovation sys-tem in Anhui province.

  15. The Comparative Study on Curriculum Setting of the College of Physical Education in Anhui Province%安徽省高校体育教育专业课程设置的对比研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 张炳祥

    2013-01-01

    采用文献资料法、调查访谈法、数理统计法、对比分析法,对安徽省8所高校体育教育本科专业课程设置的现状进行调查与分析,总结归纳出了安徽省高校体育教育本科专业课程设置存在的问题,重点提出了安徽省高校体育教育本科专业课程设置的改革对策。提出制定体育教育专业应用型人才培养方案的合理化建议,为体育教育专业的健康发展提供理论依据。%This article adopts literature consultation,the survey interview,mathematical statistics,comparative analysis to investigate and analyze the status quo of the eight physical Education curriculum setting in Anhui Province,and summarzes the problems of the college of physical education in Anhui Province undergraduate curriculum,focusing on the province of physical education undergraduate curriculum reform countermeasures. proposals for a physical education major application personnel training program are put forward to provide a theoretical basis for the healthy development of the physical education major.

  16. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN LINNAN NATURE RESERVE,ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽岭南自然保护区两栖爬行动物多样性及保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐鑫生; 方德安; 黄晓根

    2001-01-01

    Research on amphibian and reptile was made in the Linan Nature Reserve from July 1998 to October 2000. There were 19 species of amphibian (belonging to 7 families,9 genera) and 32 species of reptile (belonging to 9 families,23 genera). They amounted to 48.6% of the total amphibian and reptile in Anhui Province. However,they only occupied 0.021% of the area of the province. 16 species of them have been listed in the "China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals". Faunal specification showed that 76% of the whole were Oriental Realm elements; 24 % were cosmopolitan species; and no Palaearctic Realm elements were found (not including one unidentified species). Unfortunately,these amphibians and reptiles were facing great danger due to illegal hunting. Thus,the authors suggested a research on the sustainable use of natural resources be carried out,together with making more efforts on its conservation and strict control of illegal hunting.%1998年7月至2000年10月,对岭南自然保护区进行了两栖爬行动物调查,发现有两栖动物19种(隶属7科9属),爬行动物32种(隶属9科23属),占安徽省两栖爬行动物种数的48.6%,而面积仅为全省的0.021%,被列入中国濒危动物红皮书的有16种之多。区系特点:东洋界成分占76%,东洋界古北界广布种占24%,无古北界成分(未定种一种不算在内)。非法捕捉已使这里的两栖爬行动物生存面临极大的威胁,建议在加大保护的宣传力度和严厉打击不法分子的同时,积极开展资源可持续利用的研究。

  17. A Study on the Current Situation and Strategies of Meat Sheep Industry in Anhui Province%安徽省肉羊产业发展现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立克; 胡忠泽; 庞训胜; 顾有方; 陈宏权; 戴四发

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of current situation and some major problems of meat sheep industry in Anhui Province,the general idea on the technological development of meat sheep industry and some corresponding strategies were put forward.%本文深入分析了安徽省肉羊产业的发展现状和存在的主要问题,提出了安徽省现代肉羊产业技术发展的总体思路与主要对策。

  18. 基于网格GIS的安徽省旱涝组合风险区划%Drought and Waterlogging Combination Disaster Risk Zoning in Anhui Province Based on Gridding GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙仲益; 张继权; 王春乙; 严登华; 刘兴朋; 佟志军; 段胜武

    2013-01-01

    Based on the principles of natural disaster risk formation, and considering the natural and social features of Anhui Province, relevant indices are selected from the aspects of hazard of disaster-causing factor, exposure and vulnerability of bearing bodies and emergency responses and recovery capability, Natural Disaster Risk Index method, Weight Comprehensive Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process are used to build the assessment model of Anhui province that is Drought Risk Index (DRI) and Flood/Waterlogging Risk Index (FDRI). The regionalization map of the DRI/FDRI in Anhui Province is built based on GIS and GRID (space scale:5 km × 5 km). The study shown that the results fitted the history drought and flood disaster frequency-diagram quite well. This study may provide scientific reference in drought and flood/waterlogging management in Anhui Province.%依据自然灾害风险形成原理,综合考虑安徽省自然和社会经济状况,从致灾因子的危险性、承载体的暴露性和脆弱性、防灾减灾能力四个方面选取指标,利用自然灾害风险指数法、熵组合权重法以及加权综合评价法建立安徽省旱灾风险指数和涝灾风险指数评价模型.并运用GIS空间分析技术与格网GIS技术绘制出安徽省旱涝组合风险区划图.研究发现,安徽省西北部、中部旱涝组合风险较高,西南部和东北部旱涝组合灾害风险较低,这与安徽省旱、涝灾害历史资料基本吻合,该研究结果可以作为安徽省旱涝综合灾害管理的理论依据.

  19. Allele Types ofRcGene of Weedy Rice from Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIXiao-yan; QIANGSheng; SONGXiao-ling; CAIKun; SUNYi-na; SHIZhi-hua; DAIWei-min

    2014-01-01

    Weedy rice(Oryza sativaf.spontanea), the predominant type of which has a red pericarp, seriously inhibits growth and yield of direct-seeded rice in Jiangsu Province, China. In this study, we randomly selected 10 weedy rice accessions from 10 plots in Jiangsu, and then sequenced the full lengths of theirRcgenes (approximately 6.4 kb). In addition, we collected 166 different full-lengthRc genes in theOryzagenus from the literature and from GenBank. A collinearity sequence analysis showed that the 10 weedy riceaccessions from Jiangsu all had the same wild-type allele of theRcgene. Single nucleotide polymorphisms indicated thatthe nucleotide polymorphisms (π= 0.19) and theproportion of segregation sites(θw= 0.28) of theRcgenes in the 10 weedy rice accessions from Jiangsu were higher than those in 56 weedy rice accessions from USA (π= 0.09 andθw= 0.07). Haplotype and phylogenetic analyses showed thattheRcgenes of weedy rice accessions from Jiangsu were not revertants of therc gene found in Asian cultivated rice(O. sativa) varietieswith white pericarp. In addition,Rcgene sequences of the rice varieties Lvdao from Lianyungang, Jiangsu and Tangdao from Anhui were more similar to those of cultivated rice than to the weedy rice from Jiangsu. These findings support the continued quarantine of weedy rice and clarify the evolutionary mechanism of the red pericarp found in the weedy rice of Jiangsu.

  20. 安徽巢湖井数字化水温资料分析%Analysis on the Digital Temperature Data of the Chaohu Well in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军; 陶月潮; 孙盼盼; 杨林根

    2011-01-01

    We analyze two years' data of the water temperature of No. 14 Well in Chaohu City, Anhui Province, and compare the data with those recorded by another same model bathythermograph in the same well. We find that the information of digital temperature is very rich, it includes not only the disturbance of rain and atmospheric pressure, but also the coseismic effect and post-earthquake effect of the strong earthquakes. In the period of comparative observation, the two bathythermographs placed at different depths could record short-term precursory before several Afs3. 5 earthquakes occurred nearby. But at the same time and in the same well, the anomalous information of water level observation is few. Thus, at some special tectonic places, to emplace a number of deep wells for water-temperature observation will help to catch the seismic precursors.%对安徽省巢湖皖14井两年多数字化水温资料异常进行了分析,采用1套同型号的仪器进行了对比观测,结果表明:该井数字化水温观测资料信息量丰富,不仅有降雨、气压的扰动,还有大震的同震效应和震后效应;对比观测期间,两套放置在不同深度的水温仪均记录到井区附近Ms3.5地震前显著的短临突变异常,而同井的水位观测异常的信息量要小得多.因此,在一些处于特殊部位的井孔内布设深井水温观测仪,将有助于前兆异常的捕捉.

  1. 安徽省大学生体育用品消费研究%Research on the sporting goods consumption of the college students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷香; 胡好

    2015-01-01

    基于大学生体育用品消费对体育产业和大学生体育参与之重要意义,采用问卷调查、文献分析、数理统计与逻辑分析等方法,对当前安徽省大学生的体育用品消费进行调查。研究表明,大学生体育用品整体消费水平较低,在体育用品的选择上以中低端为主;家庭收入、体育用品价格、个人消费观念及缺乏对体育用品的了解是影响体育用品消费的主要因素,其中家庭收入为重要因素。%Considering that College Students'sporting goods consumption means a lot to the sports indus-try and sports participation of the college students,the author adopts the method of questionnaire sur-vey,document analysis,mathematical statistics and logical analysis and so on to investigate the current sports consumption of college students in Anhui province.The research shows that the consumption level of sport goods of college students is relatively low,and the consumption mainly concentrates on the low-end sport goods.Family income,the price of sport goods,personal consumption concept and the lack of understand sport goods are the main factors of the consumption,and the family income is the most cruci-al one.

  2. Molecular, ethno-spatial epidemiology of leprosy in China: novel insights for tracing leprosy in endemic and non endemic provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Xiaoman; Xing, Yan; Liu, Jian; Wang, Yonghong; Ning, Yong; Li, Ming; Wu, Wenbin; Zhang, Lianhua; Li, Wei; Vander Heiden, Jason; Vissa, Varalakshmi

    2013-03-01

    Leprosy continues to be detected at near stable rates in China even with established control programs, necessitating new knowledge and alternative methods to interrupt transmission. A molecular epidemiology investigation of 190 patients was undertaken to define Mycobacterium leprae strain types and discern genetic relationships and clusters in endemic and non-endemic regions spanning seventeen provinces and two autonomous regions. The findings support multiple locus variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis as a useful tool in uncovering characteristic patterns across the multiethnic and divergent geographic landscape of China. Several scenarios of clustering of leprosy from township to provincial to regional levels were recognized, while recent occupational or remote migration showed geographical separation of certain strains. First, prior studies indicated that of the four major M. leprae subtypes defined by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), only type 3 was present in China, purportedly entering from Europe/West/Central Asia via the Silk Road. However, this study revealed VNTR linked strains that are of type 1 in Guangdong, Fujian and Guangxi in southern China. Second, a subset of VNTR distinguishable strains of type 3, co-exist in these provinces. Third, type 3 strains with rpoT VNTR allele of 4, detected in Japan and Korea were discovered in Jiangsu and Anhui in the east and in western Sichuan bordering Tibet. Fourth, considering the overall genetic diversity, strains of endemic counties of Qiubei, Yunnan; Xing Yi, Guizhou; and across Sichuan in southwest were related. However, closer inspection showed distinct local strains and clusters. Altogether, these insights, primarily derived from VNTR typing, reveal multiple and overlooked paths for spread of leprosy into, within and out of China and invoke attention to historic maritime routes in the South and East China Sea. More importantly, new concepts and approaches for prospective case finding and

  3. Morphological Variation of Conodonts Platyvillosus from Yinkeng Formation in Chaohu,Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Laishi; Tong Jinnan; Michael J Orchard

    2003-01-01

    A preciously undescribed Lower Triassic sequence of a series of multiple cycles of mud-lime rocks, with the argillaceous content decreasing upward while limestone becomes the dominant lithology in the upper part, contains abundant fossils such as conodonts, ammonoids and bivalves. The Yinkeng Formation is the oldest Triassic unit represented, and it conformably overlies dark-gray thin-bedded argillaceous silicalite and intercalated grayish illite clay interbeds of the Upper Permian of Dalong Formation.Conodont samples collected from west Pingdingshan Section, one of four measured sections in Chaohu,yielded abundant Lower Triassic conodonts from the middle part of the Yinkeng Formation. Most interesting and unusual is the abundant occurrence of Platyvillosus in seven samples from the FlemingitesEuflemingites bearing (Smithian) mudstone, rhyolitic clay and limestone part of the section. The associated conodonts are Neospathodus dieneri type 1, N. dieneri type 2, N. dieneri type 3, N. cristagalii, N. waageni eowaageni (nov. subsp. ), N. waageni elongata (nov. subsp. ), N. waageni waageni,N. sp. G (nov. sp.), N. sp. L (nov. sp.), N. sp. H (nov. sp.), N. alberti, N. novaehollandiae,N. peculiaris, N. aff. discretus, N. conservativus, Parachirognathodus sp. and ramiform elements.The species Platyvillosus, which is restricted to a 1. 32 m interval, reveals great variety in shape and denticle ornamentation pattern on the platform. The morphological study of the samples indicates that all speciemens with denticles on the upper surface can be included in intraspecific variation in Platyvillosus costatus (Staesche). Platyvillosus hamadai (Koike), marked by smooth upper surface, also appears to be connected by transitional forms in some samples. The fauna corresponds closely with that of the Taho limestone in Japan, although the depositionai environments differ. The associated lithologies of the Yinkeng Formation within Chaohu area reflect a deeper and iow energy remaining basin of the northern edge of the Lower Yangtze block.

  4. Grain Coarsening of Hematite in the Gushan Iron Deposit,Anhui Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾连兴; 阮惠础; 等

    1997-01-01

    The iron ores of the Gushan mine occur in the contact zone of a Mesozoic diorite intrusion and are composed primarily of hematite microcrystallites and chalcedony,The hematite microcrystallites have undergone post-mineralization recrystallization and coarsening with resultant formation of lath-shaped hematite porphyroblasts.Microscopic investigation reveals that recrystallization and coarsening of the hematite ores of the Gushan mine took place without the formation of new nuclei,due to the coalescence of the microcrystallites.The whole process could have begun with the mutual approach of the microcrystallites,followed by grain rotation to realize paralleism and ending by the welding of these grains to form optically homogeneous porphyroblastic hematite.

  5. Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Residential Land Growth in Hefei of Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Jinlong; XU Jiangang; GAO Shu

    2007-01-01

    We used the maps of urban land-use in 1978, 1991, 1994, 2000 and 2004, and softwares such as ArcGIS, Fragstats to analyze the spatio-temporal process of urban residential space quantitatively. Some methods, such as direction analysis and landscape pattern analysis, were employed. The results show that: 1) the residential land grew very rapidly in Hefei from 1978 to 2004, and the increased land was distributed mainly in the central city zone surrounded by a moat; however, after 1994, it was distributed mainly outside the 1th Ring Road; 2) the expansion speeds were very different in different directions: there exists a fastest expansion of residential land in the directions of NE-NNE, SW and SSE, and a slowest one in the directions of E and SEE; 3) the residential land growth went through four stages: slow circular expansion in 1978-1991, 'axes + fan wings' expansion in 1991-1994, more rapid circular expansion in 1994-2000 and 'fan-wings' expansion in 2000-2004; 4) the expansion intensity was also different in all directions in the period of 1978 to 1994, and the most was in SW and then NW; and 5) there were more and more residential land area, and the spatial agglomeration was improved increasingly.

  6. Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in university students from the region of Anhui (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Xiaohua; Chen, Yan; He, Lianping; Jin, Yuelong; Tian, Li; Lu, Mi; Lu, Wei; Ding, Lingling; Guo, Daoxia; Wang, Linghong; Nie, Zhognhua; Yao, Yingshui

    2014-12-16

    Antecedentes: El sobrepeso y la obesidad son epidemia en todo el mundo.Nuestro estudio anterior halló que la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en estudiantes de primaria es alto. Objetivo: Hemos tratado de estimar si la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad entre los estudiantes universitarios es todavía alta en China. Métodos: Un estudio transversal fue diseñado para recoger los exámenes de salud de rutina datos para estudiantes universitarios en 2013.La altura y el peso de los estudiantes fueron medidos, y el IMC se calcula con la altura y el peso, así como para estimar la prevalencia de insuficiencia ponderal y obesidad de la Universidad los estudiantes utilizando dos referencias [Grupo de trabajo sobre la obesidad referencias en China (2004) y la Organización Mundial de la salud (OMS) criterios (2000)]. Resultados: Dependiendo de la China referencias utilizadas, la prevalencia global de bajo peso, sobrepeso (obesidad) y la obesidad en estudiantes universitarios masculinos fueron 14,2%, el 14,7% y 4,2%, respectivamente; en mujeres estudiantes universitarios fueron el 27,5%, 4,4% y 0,6%, respectivamente. Dependiendo de los que referencias utilizadas, la prevalencia global de bajo peso, sobrepeso (obesidad) y la obesidad en estudiantes universitarios masculinos fueron 14,2%, 11,5% y 2,5%, respectivamente, en mujeres estudiantes universitarios fueron el 27,5%, 2,4% y 0,3%, respectivamente.Una observación interesante es que la prevalencia de insuficiencia ponderal de los estudiantes universitarios tiene una tendencia al aumento, sobre todo en mujeres. Conclusión: El estudio demostró que la prevalencia de la insuficiencia ponderal en estudiantes universitarios, especialmente en mujeres estudiantes se ha convertido en un problema de salud crítico.Related Departamento de la escuela y el Gobierno deben prestar más atención a la salud física del alumno.

  7. Collectivism culture, HIV stigma and social network support in Anhui, China: a path analytic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zang, Chunpeng; Guida, Jennifer; Sun, Yehuan; Liu, Hongjie

    2014-08-01

    HIV stigma is rooted in culture and, therefore, it is essential to investigate it within the context of culture. The objective of this study was to examine the interrelationships among individualism-collectivism, HIV stigma, and social network support. A social network study was conducted among 118 people living with HIVAIDS in China, who were infected by commercial plasma donation, a nonstigmatized behavior. The Individualism-Collectivism Interpersonal Assessment Inventory (ICIAI) was used to measure cultural norms and values in the context of three social groups, family members, friends, and neighbors. Path analyses revealed (1) a higher level of family ICIAI was significantly associated with a higher level of HIV self-stigma (β=0.32); (2) a higher level of friend ICIAI was associated with a lower level of self-stigma (β=-035); (3) neighbor ICIAI was associated with public stigma (β=-0.61); (4) self-stigman was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.27); and (5) public stigma was associated with social support from neighbors (β=-0.24). This study documents that HIV stigma may mediate the relationship between collectivist culture and social network support, providing an empirical basis for interventions to include aspects of culture into HIV intervention strategies.

  8. 安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台研究%Research on Application of Electronic Business Platform of Agricultural Enterprises in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪怡; 刘晓云; 何军

    2012-01-01

    By integrating the commonly used decision analysis methods, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)and its eigenvalue calculation framework with SWOT analysis method were used to analyze the weight of advantages and disadvantages,opportunities and threats factors of electronic business platform of agricultural enterprises in Anhui Province application. A quantitative model suitable for organizational decision was constructed by connecting with the Delphi method. The results indicated that taking WO strategy,making agricultural electronic business service platform fit the situation of Anhui Province, accelerating the modern agricultural logistics distribution system construction were the ideal strategy choices.%将决策分析的常用方法AHP法及其特征值计算的框架整合进SWOT分析法。用于分析安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台的优势因素、劣势因素、机会因素和威胁因素的权重,并结合Delphi法构建了一个适用于战略决策的定量模型。结果显示采用WO战略打造符合省情的农业电子商务服务平台、加快现代农业物流配送体系建设是较为理想的战略选择。

  9. Analysis of the Current Situation and Development Path of Chinese-foreign Cooperation in Higher Education of Anhui Province%安徽省高等教育中外合作办学现状与发展路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛卫洋

    2015-01-01

    Chinese-foreign cooperation in running schools in higher education of Anhui province has some distinctive characteris-tics, including nationalities of cooperators, universities, levels, majors, qualifications and degrees. It also has some problems in the aspects of strategic consciousness, quality of imported resources, levels and majors of higher education, supervision, and quality con-struction. Deepening the understanding, strengthening supervision, clearing responsibilities and proper positioning are recommended as ways for Chinese-foreign cooperation in running schools in higher education of Anhui province.%安徽省高等教育中外合作办学机构与项目的合作对象国别、院校,办学层次与专业,学历学位授予等方面都有一定的特色;同时在战略意识、引进资源质量、办学层次及专业、监管、质量建设等方面也存在若干问题。安徽省高等教育中外合作办学应提高认识、加强监管、明确职责、合理定位,选择适合本省高等教育中外合作办学发展的路径。

  10. 安徽省金融发展对企业技术创新的支持效果分析%Analysis on Effect of Anhui Province Finance Development in Supporting Technological Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴成颂; 汪君; 朱学星

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of the status introduction of finance in promoting technological innovation of Anhui province enter -prises, the finance development as a technological innovation “inputs”, combined with other major impact variables , banking institutions loans and equity financing were controlled , with the data from 1998-2010 , an empirical analysis of the effect of these two kinds of financial market capital source in supporting for large and medium -sized industrial enterpri-ses in Anhui province was done .Results show that the effect of financial institution loans on enterprise technology innova -tion was more significant .%在介绍安徽省金融发展促进企业技术创新现状的基础上,将金融发展视为影响技术创新的“投入”,结合其他主要影响变量对银行机构贷款和股市融资加以控制,以1998-2010年的数据实证分析这两种金融市场资金来源对安徽省大中型工业企业的支持效果,结果表明金融机构贷款对企业技术创新的作用较显著。

  11. 浅谈皖南传统建筑对安徽建筑设计的启示%Inspiration from the Traditional Architectures of Southern Anhui to the Building Design in Whole Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛江平; 李芳艳; 乐园

    2014-01-01

    当今社会越来越关注能源与环境问题,生态建筑的设计理念也已经深入人心。同时在生态城区建筑设计中也越来越强调文化的内涵与文脉的延续。着重讨论了皖南地区传统建筑设计中所包含的保温、降温、通风等被动式技术设计手法,并对这些低碳、低能耗的生态技术进行梳理、总结,为安徽省绿色生态城区中的低碳、低能耗建筑设计提供一定借鉴。%The concept of green building becomes more and more popular with the increasing atten-tion to the energy and environmental issues in the society, the same to cultural tradition and context. The paper discusses the design of cooling, ventilation and other passive technologies of traditional architectural design in southern Anhui Province, and summarizes the technology of low carbon and low energy to inspire the design of constructing the green eco-city in Anhui Province.

  12. 安徽省竞技体育项目布局区域性特征研究%Research on the Characters of Competitive Regional Distribution Sports Event in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍亮; 钱枝

    2012-01-01

    This study has chosen the ranking and medal winning situation on national and regional games as research objects, using the method of documentary, specialist interview, mathematical statistics and logical analysis as research method to analyze the competitive sports composition of Anhui province, thus to get a clear understanding of the competitive sports" regional distribution of Anhui province, and in the hope of promoting competitive sports development and reasoning competitive sports resource.%研究选取了中华人民共和国全国运动会安徽省排名和奖牌情况以及安徽省运动会各地市排名和项目金牌为调查对象,运用文献资料法、专家调查法、数理统计法和逻辑分析法等研究方法,对安徽省竞技体育项目布局进行分析,有助于认清我省竞技体育项目区域分布现状,为我省合理配置竞技体育资源,推动竞技体育事业发展提供一些参考依据。

  13. 2013年安徽省创新型企业的专利统计分析%Statistical Analysis on the Patents of the Innovative Enterprises in Anhui Province in 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋寿贵; 邹中华

    2015-01-01

    以2013年安徽省创新型试点企业名单为基础,在全省该年度专利数据中进行标引,分析全年省属创新型试点企业的三大专利情况,并将其与全省平均水平及其他企业进行指标对比,得出创新型试点企业在知识产权方面的优势.%Based on the list of the innovative enterprises in Anhui Province in 2013, this paper conducts the annual patent data indexing, analyzes the situation of the three types of the patents of the provincial innovative enterprises in the whole year of 2013, and compares with the entire province's average level and other enterprises' indexes, and reveals the advantages of innovative pilot enterprises in aspect of intellectual property.

  14. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals.

  15. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  16. Study on infection status and influencing factors in newly-married women in Anhui province%安徽省新婚女性感染状况与影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张悦; 郝加虎; 苏普玉; 朱鹏; 黄锟; 王磊; 蔡传兰; 陶芳标

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the occurrence of infection and co - infection among newly - married women in Anhui province, and the influencing factors for infection.Methods: A total of 20 000 newly - married women were selected from maternal and child health (MCH) institutions in eight areas of Anhui province from September 2008 to September 2011 as respondents, then questionnaire survey and a series of routine physical examination and biochemical examination were conducted.Binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for infection in newly - married women in Anhui province.Results: The incidence rate of reproductive tract infection in newly -married women in Anhui province was 9.11%.The positive rates of HBsAg, RPR, and HIV were 3.23% , 0.23% , and 0.18% , respectively.The risk of reproductive tract infection were increased in women with the living places which were towns, county suburbs and urban area, high average family monthly income, drinking, passive smoking, spontaneous abortion history, drug abortion history and surgical abortion history.Town registered permanent residence was one of protective factors for positive HBsAg, passive smoking and surgical abortion history for one time were risk factors for positive HBsAg.Living in towns and county suburbs, spontaneous abortion and drug abortion for two or more times were risk factors for positive RPR.Living in towns and county suburbs was one of risk factors for positive HIV.Conclusion: Various factors are associated with infection among newly - married women in Anhui province.Strengthening prevention of peri - marriage infection or co - infection is necessary to promote reproductive health.%目的:了解安徽省新婚女性感染及合并感染的发生情况,进一步探讨感染的影响因素.方法:以2008年9月~2011年9月在安徽省8个地区妇幼保健机构的20 000名新婚女性为调查对象,对其进行问卷调查及一系列常规体检与

  17. A Probe into the Reform of Land Requisition Compensation System: Based on the Survey of Rural Areas in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liuzhong; CHEN; Zhongxiang; YU; Jiali; WANG

    2015-01-01

    Using stakeholder survey,documentation and policy analysis,through the survey of stakeholders,this paper aims to explore the problems in the collectively owned land requisition compensation system and their causes,and put forth the reform ideas and measures to provide a reference for the development of new urbanization. The results show that there are some problems in the current land requisition compensation system,such as improper land requisition compensation standard and calculation method,low compensation standard,unsound social security system,irrational compensation and placement methods and low satisfaction of farmers whose land is requisitioned. Therefore,it is necessary to accelerate the reform of land requisition compensation system and smooth progress of new urbanization construction in accordance with the requirements of 3rd Plenum of the 18 th Communist Party of China(CPC).

  18. Comparative Analysis of Two Tornado Events over Northern Anhui Province%皖北两次龙卷过程对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德育; 张学贤

    2012-01-01

    An analysis is made of two tornado events in Lingbi and Sixian counties, Anhui Province, by means of the conventional data, NCEP data, intensive observations, and Doppler radar data. The results show: the tornadoes occurred on the left of the low level jet at the intersection point of high-humidity center and vapor convergence center; before tornadoes appeared, the low level vertical wind shear was strong; the tornadoes occurred in the areas where the ground convergence was the strongest; there were clear vortex features and a mid-level cyclone in 10 to 20 minutes before tornado occurred; the Lingbi tornado appeared in the south of the storm with strong radar echoes under 3 km; the Sixian tornado appeared at the center of the banded radar echoes with strong splited and protruded echoes, and the mesocyclone top descended.%利用常规资料、NCEP再分析资料、高密度地面自动站资料、多普勒天气雷达资料,对安徽省灵璧县和泗县发生的两次龙卷过程进行对比分析.结果表明:龙卷风发生在低空急流的北端左侧以及高湿中心和水汽辐合中心的交汇处;龙卷风发生前低层垂直风切变强烈;龙卷风发生在地面辐合最强的地方,为判断龙卷风可能发生的区域提供了线索;龙卷风发生前10~20 min均有龙卷涡旋特征报警,同时有中等强度中气旋配合;灵璧龙卷风出现在母体风暴的南端,强回波在3 km以下;泗县龙卷风发生在带状回波的中部,中气旋由弱发展为中等强度后一个体扫龙卷出现,龙卷风发生时强回波有断裂和突前以及中气旋顶高下降的特征.

  19. 安徽省夏秋季蚊类初步调查%Primary investigation of mosquito population composition in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯银续; 吴明生; 张家林; 张跃玉; 陆群; 王晓敏; 苏宝; 魏永; 吴丽琴; 于修贵

    2011-01-01

    Objective To identify the population composition, distribution and biology of mosquitoes in Anhui province as evidence for the development of control strategies against mosquito - borne diseases. Methods Mosquito were captured or collected by the man-hour or light trap methods. Results From August to September 2009, 2086 mosquitoes were captured, which belonged to 10 species, 5 subgenera, 4 genera and 2 subfamily. The dominant species was Culex tritaeruorhynchus (67.79%), and Cx. Pipiens pollens (12.03%), Cx. Bitaeniorhynchus (11.79%), Armigeres subalbatus (5.03%) and Anopheles sinensis (1.58%) were commonly seen in summer. The mosquito populations varied in different habitats. Conclusion The mosquito population composition was dependent on habitat type, breeding resources, climate and geographic factors. Hence, effective mosquito control strategies should be tailored to local mosquito population structures.%目的 初步掌握安徽省蚊虫的分布特点及生态习性,为蚊虫及蚊媒疾病的防制工作提供科学依据.方法 诱蚊灯法及人工小时法.结果 本次调查共诱捕成蚊2086只,分属2亚科4属5亚属10种.夏秋季节三带喙库蚊为优势蚊种(67.79%),淡色库蚊(12.03%)、二带喙库蚊(11.79%)、骚扰阿蚊(5.03%)和中华按蚊(1.58%)为该季节的常见蚊种.不同地区和生境蚊类种群结构差异较大.结论 研究区域蚊类种群结构除与气候条件和地理区划有关外,还与孳生环境类型和生境多样性有很大关系,因此在灭蚊工作中必须根据当地蚊类种群结构,并结合实际情况才能有效控制蚊虫和蚊媒疾病.

  20. First Isolation and Identification of Wild-type Measles Viruses in Anhui Province%安徽省麻疹野毒株的首次分离和鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何维宽; 余文周; 周淑洁; 张莲芝; 沈永刚; 戴振威; 李业强; 许文波

    2001-01-01

    为了监测安徽省现流行的麻疹野毒株,在1998、1999年的2起麻疹暴发中,用绒猴淋巴母细胞(B95a)分离到4株麻疹野病毒,通过血凝试验、血吸附试验、中和试验对分离到的麻疹病毒进行特性鉴定。该4株病毒无血凝和血球吸附活性,我国人类疫苗免疫后,血清能中和这4株病毒,但中和此野毒株的滴度低于中和疫苗株滴度的2倍。逆转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)和其产物的基因序列分析提示,该4株病毒属于麻疹病毒第八基因组(H group)。继续监测我国各省麻疹流行株的基因和抗原变异,对我国强化麻疹控制及麻疹消除、消灭十分必要%This study was to survey the current wild-type measles virus that circulated in Anhui Province. 4 wild-type measles viruses were isolated in B95a cells from 2 outbreaks during 1998 and 1999. The virus characteristics were identified by hemagglutination test, haemadsorption test and neutralization test. The results showed that the 4 wild-type measles viruses did not have hemagglutination and haemadsorption activities and the sera against Chinese vaccine (S191) could neutralize all of the 4 wild-type measles virus strains, but the neutralizing titer was two times lower compared with that of S191. RT-PCR and its product sequence analysis indicated that the 4 wild-type measles virus strains belong to H genetic group. In order to control and eliminate measles, it is important to survey continually the genetic and antigenic shifts of the prevalent measles viruses circulating in China.

  1. Distribution of Red Cell Blood Groups in She Nationality of Ningguo County Anhui Province%安徽省宁国县畲族红细胞血型分布

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅长华; 俞雅琴; 江三多

    2000-01-01

    A survey on the distribution of ABO, Rh, Mn and P has been made on 160 people of she nationality in Ningguo county Anhui province. The results show: the phenotype frequency of the ABO blood group is O(0.4687)>B(0.2375)>A(0.2550)>AB(0.0688);the gene frequencies are p=0.1500, q=0.1575, r=0.6925; the phenotype frequency of the Rh system is CCdee(0.5385)>CCDE(0.1667)>CcDE(0.1474)>CcDee(0.0961)>ccDE(0.0321)>ccDee(0.0128)>ccdee(0.0064); the gene frequencies are C=0.8270, D=0.9492, E=0.1914; haplotype frequency CDe(0.7210)>CDE(0.1060)>cDE(0.0854)>cDe(0.0368); the gene frequencies of the P and MN system are p_1=0.0286, p_2=0.9714; m=0.7281, n=0.2219. All these prove that the composition of this groups red cell gene is very simiar to that of the ethnic groups in south China.%调查160名安徽省宁国县畲族村民的ABO、Rh、P、MN系统红细胞血型,结果显示ABO血型表型频率分布为O(0.4687)>B(0.2375)>A(0.2250)>AB(0.0688),基因频率p=0.1500, q=0.1575, r=0.6925;Rh血型表型频率分布为CCdee(0.5385)>CCDE(0.1667)>CcDE(0.1474)>CcDee(0.0961)>ccDE(0.0321)>ccDee(0.0128)>ccdee(0.0064),基因频率C=0.8270, D=0.9492, E=0.1914,单倍型频率CDe(0.7210)>CDE(0.1060)>cDE(0.0854)>cDe(0.0368); P和MN系统的基因频率分别为p1=0.0286, p2=0.9714; m=0.7281, n=0.2219.说明该群体红细胞基因组成与我国南方民族非常接近.

  2. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  3. Research on Countermeasures for Further Development of Animation Industry in Anhui Province%安徽省动漫产业进一步发展的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佑生; 陶宗华

    2013-01-01

    Animation industry in Anhui Province has been devel-oped rapidly in recent years. However, there are some problems in this area, the gaps between the province and the advanced provinces or cities are quite distinct. Through careful analysis and calm thinking and deep study to the animation industry in the province, some suggests are put forward about countermeasure for further development of animation industry in the province.%  近年来安徽省动漫产业发展十分迅速。然而,与先进省市相比,各方面的差距都比较明显,存在不少问题。通过对全省动漫产业发展实际进行仔细分析和冷静思考,对相关问题进行深入研究,对动漫产业的进一步发展提出了相关对策的建议。

  4. A NEW VIEW OF YANGTZE RIVER DELTA REGION'S TRANSFORMATION: A CASE STUDY ON INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION IN ANHUI PROVINCE%长三角地区转型发展新观察——以安徽省工业化与城镇化发展为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑德高

    2011-01-01

    After the financial crisis, the industrial transformation in the Yangtze River Delta Region constantly spread toward the surrounding areas. The interaction between the developed districts and the new rising districts are more and more frequent. The Yangtze River Delta Region has become an inseparable economic region in East China. However, both the developed districts, represented by Shanghai, and the new rising districts, represented by Anhui, are facing new challenges. The former districts need creative and inner development, while the latter districts need accelerated industrialization and urbanization. This paper discusses the relationship among industrialization, re-industrialization, urbanization, suburbanization, and population migration with Anhui province as an example.%金融危机之后,长三角核心区的产业转移持续向周边地区扩散,发达板块与新兴增长板块之间的互动更加频繁,市场导向下的长三角扩区形成了更加紧密的华东经济板块.但以上海为代表的发达地区和以安徽为代表的新兴增长地区都面临转型发展的新挑战,前者需要创新驱动,内涵式发展,后者需要双轮驱动,加速工业化,加速城镇化.本文以安徽为例探讨了工业化、再工业化、城镇化、异地城镇化和人口回流之间的相互关系.

  5. 安徽省土壤氟含量及其赋存特征%CONTENT OF FLUORINE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FLUORINE FORMS IN SOILS OF ANHUI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于群英; 李孝良; 汪建飞; 卫林

    2013-01-01

    氟是生态系统中一种重要微量元素,过量和不足都会影响人和动物健康,人体氟主要来自饮水和食物,土壤氟含量、形态以及土壤理化性质等影响着水和食物氟含量.以安徽省主要类型土壤为材料,采用连续化学提取的方法,测定了安徽省主要类型土壤全氟、水溶氟以及不同形态氟含量,分析了土壤氟形态与土壤理化性质的关系.结果表明:安徽土壤全氟含量106.6~1 236.7 mg/kg,平均为485.2 mg/kg,全氟含量高低排序为菜地土>潮土>石灰土>黄棕壤>黄褐土>水稻土>砂姜黑土>黄红壤,成土母质是影响土壤全氟含量的主要因素.土壤水溶氟含量0.42~22.48 mg/kg,平均为3.38 mg/kg,水溶氟含量高低排序为菜地土>砂姜黑土>潮土>黄棕壤>黄褐土>水稻土>石灰土>黄红壤,北高南低.土壤氟主要赋存形态是矿物态氟,占土壤全氟95%以上,水溶氟、交换态氟、铁锰氧化物结合态氟和有机结合态氟占土壤全氟5%左右.土壤水溶性氟含量与土壤pH呈极显著正相关,与土壤全磷含量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.660 2和0.353 9,土壤交换态氟与土壤小于0.001 mm土粒含量和土壤阳离子交换量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.338 4和0.345 8,有机结合态氟与土壤有机含量呈极显著正相关,相关系数为0.526 8.%Fluorine is an important trace element in the eco-system,either the excess or the deficiency of fluorine can cause diseases in animals as well as humans.In the human body,fluorine is derived mostly from the consumption of water and food,which is directly affected by the soil fluorine content,fluorine fractions and soil physical-chemical properties,especially soil soluble fluorine content.In this paper,fluorine content in the soils collected from Anhui province was studied using sequential chemical extraction procedure,and correlation analysis was also conducted to determine the

  6. JPRS Report, China, Work Reports: Northeast Provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    cultural market . [passage omitted] county and township People’s Congresses throughout the province. By conscientiously performing functions and III...nationalities," thus promoting the work concerning cultural market by deeply waging the antipornography minority nationalities. We actively promoted the...pornography" or enhance the mechanism of having leading personnel thoroughly, and further purify the cultural market . be responsible for the family planning

  7. 安徽农村地区创业型人力资源开发策略研究%Research on the Tactics of Entrepreneurial Human Resource Development in Rural Areas of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施培智; 韦文联; 程业炳

    2012-01-01

    创业型人力资源具有引领示范、带头带动等作用,在安徽农村地区人力资源开发中居于重要位置,具有转变农村人力资源思想观念、完善农村人力资源结构、解决当下农村人力资源问题、调整安徽农业经济结构等方面的意义。为此,可从加强农村人力资源现状筛查,加强农民基础性教育和培训,完善农民创业保障,面向打工回乡创业者开展创业教育,加强创业培训师的遴选和培训等方面,加强安徽农村创业型人力资源开发。%Entrepreneurial human resource plays an important role in Anhui rural areas' human resource development,for entrepreneurial human resource can set the example for the other kinds of human resources.The paper demonstrates the significance of cultivating the entrepreneurial human resource in Anhui rural areas,from the aspects of updating the ideological thoughts of human resources,improving human resources' structure,solving the current human resource problems,adjusting the agricultural economical structures.With the problems analysis,the paper offers six concrete measures,namely,select proper human resource,strengthen the fundamental education and training,improve the entrepreneurial guarantee,offer entrepreneurial education toward the labors back home from cities,strengthen the selection and training of entrepreneurship teacher that benefits the entrepreneurial human resource in rural areas of Anhui province.

  8. 安徽省新农合制度抗疾病风险能力探析%Study on the ability of New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme to reduce health risk factors in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骅璋; 储诚志; 徐恒秋; 孔运生

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe the degree of poverty caused by diseases among farmers who have joined New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme( NRCMS) in Anhui province, and analyze the ability of NRCMS to reduce health risk factors in Anhui province, in order to provide suggestions for improving the NRCMS strategy. Methods: This paper randomly selects three counties to conduct comparative analysis on the NRCMS strategic changes from the aspects of registration rates, funding levels and compensation ratios between 2013 and 2014, in order to analyze the ability of NRCMS to reduce health risk factors from the aspects of the rate of poverty caused by diseases, the resolving degree of poverty caused by diseases, the alleviation degree of poverty caused by diseases, etc. Results: The ability of NRCMS to reduce health risk factors in Anhui province has improved between 2013 and 2014 , but the improve-ment is limited. Conclusions:In order to reduce the incidence of poverty caused by diseases among the farmers, gov-ernment should reform the payment methods, control the outflow of patients and improve the multi-level security sys-tem, in order to gradually reduce the poverty caused by diseases among farmers.%目的:描述安徽省参合农民因病致贫情况,分析安徽省新农合制度抗疾病风险能力的变化,为完善新农合制度提供建议. 方法:在安徽省随机抽取3个县,结合新农合制度在参合率、筹资水平和补偿比方面的变化,从因病致贫率、因病致贫解决程度、因病致贫缓解程度等方面入手,分析2013—2014年新农合制度的抗疾病风险能力. 结果:2013—2014年安徽省新农合制度抗疾病风险能力有所提高,但提升有限. 结论:应通过改革支付方式、控制病人外流、完善多层次保障体系等手段,逐渐减少农民因病致贫.

  9. Thinking on Strengthening the Collaborative Innovation of Agricultural Research Institutions in Anhui Province under the New Normal%新常态下加强安徽省农业科研院所协同创新的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东平; 肖扬书; 余庆来; 杨普; 王光宇

    2016-01-01

    For a long time, agricultural research institutes have made important contributions to the agriculture synergism, farmers′ income increasing, and rural economic and social development in Anhui Province. Under the new normal, how to speed up the integration of agricultural science and technology resources and improve the innovate ability by building up innovation alliance, not only to complies with the innovation of national scientific and technological system and financial reform under the new situation and new requirements, but also benefits the exploration of agricultural scientific research system and management model. This is also beneficial to solve the problems of agricultural restructuring, mode transfer, strengthening industry and keeping sustainable in Anhui Province. The development status and problems of collaborative innovation of agricultural research institutes in Anhui province were analyzed in the paper. The "Five-in-One" model including projects, disciplines, teamwork, platforms and mechanisms was suggested to promote the collaboration and development of agricultural research institutes.%长期以来,安徽省农业科研院所为全省农业增效、农民增收和农村经济社会发展做出了重要贡献.在新常态下,如何加快整合农业科技资源,构建创新联盟以提升协同创新能力,是主动顺应国家科技体制改革和中央财政科技计划改革新形势和新要求,对新常态下高效协同创新的农业科研体系和管理模式的有益探索,也是安徽省实现农业调结构、转方式、强产业、可持续亟待解决的问题.文章分析了安徽省农业科研院所发展状况与协同创新面临的问题,提出了从项目、学科、团队、平台和机制"五位一体"方面推进农业科研院所协同发展的建议.

  10. 安徽省城市可持续发展水平特征研究%Study on the Characteristics of the Level of Urban Sustainable Development in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侍非; 储金龙; 顾康康

    2012-01-01

    Based on the connotation of urban sustainable development, this article builds the index system of the level of urban sustainable development in Anhui Province. By using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method and improved fault analysis method, the article has obtained the membership degree of the level of sustainable urban development in Anhui Province, and has divided it into good, general and poor, 3 inter- vals. The results show that the levels of urban sustainable development in Anhui Province has significant differentiation, and there are distinct characteristics on the level and of ability of urban sustainable develop- ment among three intervals, and there are defects. Hefei, which is the capital city, has prominent level of development, and has better level of coordination;other cities have poor development coordination degree despite a key advantage. And the level of urban sustainable development has relatively low degree of mem- bership. This paper analyzes the factors of the differences of the degree of membership, explores the weak- nesses of sustainable urban development and puts forward the corresponding proposals in order to give the decision-making basis of promoting the city' s coordinated and sustainable development.%基于城市可持续发展内涵,构建安徽省城市可持续发展水平指标体系,运用模糊综合评断方法和改进的层次分析法求得安徽城市可持续发展水平隶属度,并划分为良好、一般与较差三个区间。结果表明安徽省城市可持续发展水平差异显著,区间内城市可持续发展水平与能力各具特点,各有不足。省会城市合肥发展水平突出,协调程度较好;其余城市虽有个项优势,但发展协调度较差,城市可持续发展水平隶属度相对偏低。进一步分析了隶属度差异的影响因子,探寻城市可持续发展的薄弱环节,为促进城市协调可持续发展提供决策依据。

  11. Analysis on Current Training Situation of Teenagers Trampoline Athletes in Anhui Province%安徽省青少年蹦床运动员培养现状的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张万寿; 李元

    2016-01-01

    By the methods of literature data,questionnaire survey,interview and mathematical statistics,an investigation on the current training situation of Teenagers trampoline athletes in Anhui province was made in this paper.The results indicated that the number of male and female trampoline athletes in Anhui prov-ince reach balance with proportions of 48.6% and 51.4% respectively,high level trampoline athletes were fewer than athletes without levels,and that the sources of trampoline athletes were mainly those rec-ommended by parents with a cover of 50.5% and those from kindergartens 30.5%.Hence it suggested that the channels to select the promising talents should be widened in order to discover more excellent and potential trampoline athletes as reserves,the training of whom should be strengthened to ensure the sus-tainable development of trampoline in Anhui province.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法和数理统计法对安徽省青少年蹦床运动员的培养现状进行调查,结果显示:安徽省男女性蹦床运动员的数量基本达到平衡,比例分布分别为48.6%和51.4%;蹦床高等级运动员数量较少,而无等级运动员数量较多;蹦床运动员的主要来源为家长推荐和幼儿园选材,各占50.5%和30.5%。因此,研究建议:扩大安徽省蹦床运动员的选材路径与范围,培养和发现更多优秀的、有潜力的后备人才;加强后备人才的培养力度,以保证安徽省蹦床运动的可持续发展。

  12. Evaluation of Economic Effect of Forest Management in Anhui Province-Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method%安徽省森林经营的经济效应评价--基于模糊综合评价法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白金花

    2014-01-01

    2006年,安徽省进行了集体林权制度改革,明确了林区的经营主体和收益主体。确权到户后,森林经营的经济效应有待评价。建立森林经营经济效应的评价指标体系,利用层次分析法确定其权重,进而用模糊综合评价法及2006年~2012年的相关数据对安徽省森林经营的经济效益进行了评价。结果表明:集体林权制度改革后,2007年~2012年安徽省森林经营的经济效应处于优等水平,这说明了集体林权制度改革的正确性,应继续坚持完善。%Anhui Province carried out a reform of the system of rights for the collective forests in 2006 and the reform confirmed forest business entities and income subject.After confirming the rights to householders,what economic effect of forest management is like remaines to be assessed.The evaluation index system of the economic effect of forest management was established and the weight was determined by applying AHP.And then the fuzzy compre-hensive evaluation method was adopted to analyze data from 2006 to 2012 of Anhui Province to valuate the economic benefits of forestry management.The results showed that,after forestry reform,the 2007-2012’s economic effect of Anhui Province was at an excellent operating level,which reflected the correctness of the reform of collective forest right system,and achieved good results.So,insistence and improvement of the reform should be persisted.

  13. Study on Drought Index System in Huaibei Region of Anhui Province%安徽省淮北地区干旱评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小凤; 王振龙; 李瑞

    2013-01-01

    Drought is one of the most major natural disasters in Huaibei region of Anhui Province, and it has restrict the developments of the society, economy and agriculture. In this paper the drought features and drought causes in Huaibei of Anhui Province are introduced first of all, and then Meteorological drought(percentage of precipitation anomalies, precipitation frequency, consecutive days without rain); Hydrological drought(groundwater depth); Agricultural drought(relative soil moisture) are used to found the drought index system. And the drought classfication of spring drought, summer drought, autumn drought and winter drought are fixed by the method of frequency analyse. Drought conditions of representative years in Huaibei of Anhui Province are analysed. The results show that the drought index system can reflect the regional real drought condition and make up for the deficiency of single drought index.%干旱灾害是安徽省淮北地区最主要的自然灾害之一,制约着区域社会经济和农业的快速发展.在对安徽省淮北地区干旱特征和干旱成因分析的基础上,选取了气象干旱指标(降水量距平百分率、降水排频和连续无雨日数)、农业干旱指标(土壤相对湿度)和水文干旱指标(地下水埋深)建立了干旱评价指标体系,通过分析确定了各指标对应春旱、夏旱、秋旱和冬旱不同干旱等级(轻度干旱、中度干旱、严重干旱和特大干旱)的划分标准.最后对安徽省淮北地区典型干旱年份的干旱状况进行评判和分析,结果表明:建立的干旱评价指标体系等级划分标准能够真实地反映区域干旱状况,弥补了单一干旱指标评价的不足.

  14. 安徽湿地保护管理现状与发展对策%Current Status and Development Strategies of Wetland Conservation and Management in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢琳琳; 顾长明

    2012-01-01

    安徽湿地资源具有面积大、类型多、分布不均、水系发达、水质差别大和生物物种丰富等特点。安徽湿地保护面临着人口增长和经济快速发展的双重压力,湖泊围垦、泥沙淤积、环境污染、过度渔猎、江湖隔绝、生物入侵、基建和城市化对湿地保护构成严重威胁。本文在详细分析安徽湿地资源保护管理现状和存在问题的基础上,提出了实施湿地恢复与重建工程、完善法规、加强科研宣教、健全组织机构、建立湿地监测网络、增加资金投入等一系列全面推进安徽湿地保护管理工作的措施。%The wetland resources of Anhui Province have characteristics including large surface area,multiple wetland types, uneven distribution,well - developed water systems,varied water quality,and abundant wildlife.Wetland protection in Anhui Province faces pressure from human population growth and rapid economic development.There are many serious threats to wetland protection including lake reclamation,sediment deposition,environment pollution,overfishing,isolation of river and lake,biological invasions,infrastructure construction,and urbanization.Based on the current status and existing problems of the wetland resources conservation and management in Anhui provinces we offer recommendations to guide future policy formulation and implementation of wetland conservation and management.These include implementation of programs on wetland restoration and reconstruction,improving and perfecting laws and regulations,strengthening scientific research and public education, reinforcement of management organizations,construction of wetland monitoring system,and increasing financial support.

  15. 基于媒体策略视角的安徽形象塑造研究%Research on Enhancing the Image of Anhui Province from the Perspective of Media Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张香萍

    2012-01-01

    利用媒体塑造安徽形象,存在着三种制约瓶颈。一是媒体资源的限制。二是公众的刻板成见难以消解。三是区域形象塑造行为主体的媒体意识欠缺。要有效利用媒体塑造安徽形象,一是要拓展媒体资源,构建立体传播网络。二是要丰富传播内容,改变受众刻板成见。三是提高区域形象塑造行为主体的媒介素养。%The limit of media resource, the deep-rooted public prejudice and the weak media con- sciousness are three big obstacles in shaping the image of Anhui Province through media. In order to shape Anhui image efficiently, we should take three measures. Firstly, we should develop media resources and construct a three-dimensional communication network. Secondly, we should enrich the delivering con- tent and change public prejudices. Lastly, we should improve the media literacy of people concerned.

  16. 安徽省体育高考生100米技术训练现状调查与分析%Investigations and Analysis of Technical Train-ing for Entrance Examinee's 100-meter Sprint in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏本好; 戴霞

    2001-01-01

    Through a study on technical training status of entrance examinees in Anhui Province and the inquiry investigastions on 2000-year freshman in P.E. Institute of Anhui Normal University about their 100-meter technical training, the results from the statistics analysis reveal that there exist problems and deficiency in the 100-meter technical training on the entrance examinees. Some coaches don't pay enough attention to the technical training. It should be attached much importance from the coaching teachers.%根据安徽省辅导体育高考生100m技术训练现状,对安师大体院2000级本科新生的中学体育高考100m技术训练情况进行问卷调查,经统计分析,结果表明安徽省中学体育教师在辅导体育高考生的100m技术训练中存在着不同程序的问题或不足,有的教师对技术训练重视不够,应引起体育高考辅导教师的广泛重视。

  17. FEATURES OF SPERMATOPHYTIC FLORA OF HENAN PROVINCE IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Gui-bin

    2005-01-01

    Based on the latest data, the features of spermatophytic flora of Henan Province located in Central China Plain (the heart region of China) are summarized and demonstrated in this paper. They are as follows: 1)Plant species are rich, with 2953 wild species in 896 genera of 152 families, putting Henan in front rank in the northern areas of China. 2) Its origin is from far ancientry, and there exist many primitive families and genera as well as many relic species. 3) The character of transition is very conspicuous with complex and varied geographical elements, but the temperate type being the dominant. There are 15 types and 18 variants of distribution types at the genera level, the typical Temperate, Tropic and East Asia elements respectively make up 47.9%, 29.5% and 14.5%.4) It is rich in species endemic to China, with 1514 species, ranking first in the northern areas in China. 5) The floristic spatial differentia is obvious. The southeastern Henan belongs to East China plant region, the southwestern to Central China, the northern and the central to North China.

  18. 安徽省战略性新兴产业现状及发展策略--基于长三角市场资源整合视角%Present Situation and Development Strategy of Strategic Emerging Industries in Anhui Province-Based on the Perspective of Integration of Market Resources in the Yangtze River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘放

    2014-01-01

    近年来,战略性新兴产业已成为安徽省经济发展的强大动力和重要支撑,但是鉴于安徽省的地理位置和经济发展水平,如何整合对接强势市场资源,是安徽省战略性新兴产业发展的重要课题。文章在对安徽省战略性新兴产业发展情况、安徽省利用长三角市场资源的优势进行分析的基础上,提出基于长三角市场资源整合的安徽省战略性新兴产业发展策略。%In recent years, strategic emerging industries have become a powerful driving force and an important support for the economic development of Anhui Province. Based on Anhui geographical location and economic development level, how to integrate docking strong market resources is an important issue for the development of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province. The paper puts forward the development strategies for strategic emerging industries of Anhui Province from the per-spective of integration of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta, on the basis of the analyses on the present situation of strategic emerging industries and the advantages of Anhui Province in the use of market resources in the Yangtze River Delta.

  19. 安徽省中药材出口贸易现状与发展对策--以亳州药材为例%Chinese Herbal Medicine Export Trade Situation and Development Strategy of Anhui Province:A Case Study of Bozhou Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯晶; 王萍; 侯博

    2014-01-01

    本文首先简要介绍了我国中药行业的出口现状,然后以安徽亳州为例,介绍安徽省中药材产业发展及出口情况,最后分析安徽省中药材出口贸易的优劣势,对中药出口存在的问题提出合理化建议。%This paper briefly describes the status of the export of Chinese herbal medicine industry, then by taking Bozhou in Anhui for example, describes the development and export of Chinese herbal medicine industry in Anhui Province, and finally analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of Anhui medicines export trade and proposes rational proposals for the problems of Chinese herbal medicine export.

  20. A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Lianhai; ZHOU Zhonghe; ZHANG Fucheng; WANG Zhao

    2005-01-01

    @@ A pelvic skeleton, recognized as a large terrestrial bird in the field, was recently collected by our paleomammalogist colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology from the late Miocene sandy mudstones in the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, northwest China. We have further referred this bird to as an early representative of ostrich. Ostrich fossils usually coexisted with the famous Hipparion Fauna from the Miocene to Pliocene.

  1. Evaluation of Health Care System Reform in Hubei Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China) from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the “Result Chain” logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio met...

  2. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  3. 安徽省2005-2009年钩端螺旋体病疫情动态监测分析%Analysis on the epidemic trend and surveillence of leptospirosis in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青; 刘红; 范引光; 顾黎丽

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省钩端螺旋体病(简称钩体病)流行特征,为制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法 用描述性流行病学的方法对2005-2009年安徽省钩体病流行特征进行分析,采用病原学、血清学检测方法探索主要的流行菌群.结果 2005-2009年安徽省钩体病年平均发病率为0.055/10万,发病率最高年份是2007年(0.085/10万),职业分布以农民为主,占87.15%(156/179).年龄分布以15~60岁为主,占86.59%(155/179),男女病例数之比为2.25:1(124/55).病例主要分布在旌德县(57例)、歙县(52例)及黄山区(15例).2005-2009年共检测出177株毒株,其中黄疸出血群占93.22%(165/177).健康人群血清学检测阳性率为5.64%(122/2 162),以黄疸出血群为主,占68.03%(83/122),黑线姬鼠为优势种,占84.55%(1 779/2 104),带菌率为8.94%(159/1 779).结论 安徽省钩体病流行菌群为黄疸出血群,主要宿主是黑线姬鼠,钩体病流行血清群正在改变,需长期监测及时掌握疫情动态,采取有针对性预防控制措施.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of leptospirosis in Anhui Province and provide evidence for making prevention and cure strategy. Methods Descriptive analysis of leptospirosis epidemic situation in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009 was made, the main microbial population was explored by the patients and the host animals etiological and serological detection methods. Results The average morbidity of leptospirosis in Anhui Province from 2005 to 2009 was 0. 055/100 000. The highest incidence was 0. 085/100 000 in 2007, the major patients were farmers (87.15%, 156/179). Most of the patients were from 15 years to 60 years (86.59%, 155/179), the male to female ratio was 2.25:1(124/55). Most cases were found in Jingde County (57 cases), and Shexian County (52 cases), followed by Huangshan District (15 cases). 177 strains were detected from 2005 to 2009, of which 165 strains of jaundice bleeding group (93.22%, 165

  4. The analyses on health literacy status among residents of Anhui Province in 2012%2012年安徽省居民健康素养现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲学锋; 王志敏; 张莲芝

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the current situation of health literacy among residents of Anhui Province, and to provide scientific basis for developing intervention strategy .Methods By multi-stage stratified random cluster sam-pling,3209 randomly chosen residents aged 15 -69 years old were investigated.Results The overall level of adjusted health literacy (AHL)among the residents of Anhui Province was 4.73%.The AHL rates in the 3 health literacy related as-pects as basic health concept and knowledge,healthy lifestyle and behaviors,and health related skills were 14.39%, 8.11%and 4.80%,respectively.The AHL rates of 6 health issues as safety and first aid,attitude towards health,health information,infectious diseases prevention,chronic non-communicable diseases prevention and basic medical care among the residents of Anhui Province were 42.70%,28.36%,10.75%,15.69%,9.83%,and 5.79%,respectively.The overall AHL rate and the AHL rates in the 3 health literacy related aspects were all higher among the males than among the female,higher among the urban residents than among the rural residents,and higher among the residents under 45 years old than among those aged 45 years old and above.The higher the education level of the respondents,the higher the proportion of AHL.Conclusion The basic health literacy among residents of Anhui Province is low.Residents who live in rural area,fe-males,aged over 45 and lower education are priority target population for health education and promotion.%目的:了解安徽省居民的健康素养水平,为制定健康教育干预策略提供科学依据。方法采取多阶段随机整群抽样方法,抽取全省11个监测点3029名15~69岁常住居民进行调查。结果安徽省居民的健康素养水平为4.73%;具备3大类素养水平由高到低分别为:基本健康知识和理念的水平较高(14.39%),健康生活方式和行为为8.11%,健康技能4.80%;具备6类健康问题中,安全与急

  5. 安徽省残疾人竞技体育人才培养模式的构建研究%A Constructive Research on the Competitive Sport′s Training Mode for Disabled in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚跃; 李春艳

    2015-01-01

    This thesis mainly introduced the developmental situation and the existing problems of competitive sport′s training for disabled in Anhui province.With the aim of constructing a feasible talents′ training mode , the author also analyzed and discussed from the perspectives of the way to choose the athletes ,the employ⁃ment of qualified coaches,the sports training and competition as well as the raising and inputting of the funds.%文章主要介绍安徽省残疾人竞技体育人才培养的发展现状和存在的问题,并从运动员选拔、教练员选聘、运动训练和竞赛以及培养经费筹集和投入等几个方面进行分析和探讨,构建可循的参考选择模式。

  6. Influence of Temperature Change on Phenology of RobiniahispidaLinn in Anhui Province%气温对安徽省刺槐物候的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许莹; 高金兰; 岳伟

    2013-01-01

    为了评估气温变化对安徽省木本植物的可能影响,根据安徽省宣城、合肥、滁州、凤阳、宿州5个台站1992-2008年的物候和气象资料,运用一元线性回归法和相关分析法分析安徽省近17年来刺槐的物候变化特征及其对气温变化的响应。结果表明,近17年来,安徽省的刺槐的春季物候期明显提前,秋季物候期明显推迟,从而导致整个生长季延长。温度对物候期变化的影响显著:前一年秋季(9-11月)在春季物候期受温度影响的关键时段气温升高,可导致春季物候期提前0.4~3.1 d/℃,平均提前1.5 d/℃;而在4-7月秋季物候受温度影响的关键时段平均气温升高,可导致秋季物候期推迟4.4~4.6 d/℃,平均推迟4.5 d/℃。%In order to evaluate the influence of temperature change on wood plants in Anhui Province, based on the historical climate data and phenological data in the same period from Xuancheng, Hefei, Chuzhou, Fengyang and Suzhou station during 1992-2008, the author statistically analyzed the change tendency of air temperature and phenology and their correlativity, the correlations of each phenology, and the influences of temperature change in different time interval on phenology in the last 17 years. The result showed that:in the last 17 years, spring pheno logical phases of Robinia hispida Linn became earlier and their autumn phases were postpone and thus their growing period prolonged. The change of phenology was quite sensitive to the influences of air temperature. It showed one-degree increase of average air temperature in key period during last autumn was associated with an advance of spring phenology by 0.4-3.1 days, average 1.5 days; and one-degree increase of average air temperature in key period from April to July was associated with a delay of autumn events by 4.4-4.6 days, average 4.5 days.

  7. The feasibility study of dragon dance movement as community sports in Anhui Province%舞龙运动进入安徽省社区体育的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永光; 刘爱; 余少敏

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, documentray analysis, interview, questionaire and statistics were adopted to study the dragon dance movement status and the community sports situations in AnhuiProvince in order to prove the feasibility of introducing the dragon dance movement as community sport to Anhui Province. It is supposed to be feasible for some reasons as followed, dragon dance movement can enrich the community sports in forms, enjoyment, performance and entertainment, help national traditional sports culture inheritance and promote the development of dragon dance movement as well as the community sports.%通过文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法和数理统计法等研究方法,在对安徽省舞龙运动现状和社区体育现状调查分析的基础上,论证舞龙运动进入安徽省社区体育的可行性。认为舞龙运动引入安徽省社区体育具有可行性,可以进一步丰富社区体育的内容,增强社区体育的观赏性、表演性和娱乐性,开辟了民族传统体育文化传承的纽带,既提升了舞龙运动的发展空间,又拓展了社区体育的发展空间。

  8. 安徽省体育专业教练员外语学习现状调查研究%Current foreign language learning situation of professional sports coaches in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕夏萌; 吴筱珍

    2014-01-01

    应用调查分析方法,对安徽省体育专业教练员外语学习现状进行研究。研究认为,安徽省体育专业教练员对对学习外语的目的和作用认识不足,主动意识不强,学习时间不够,学习渠道和方法不够丰富;外语能力偏低。建议管理部门和教练员要引起重视,应认识到现代竞技体育的发展中外语水平提高的重要性,丰富外语学习渠道,不断改进学习方法,持续、稳定的提高专业教练员的外语水平。%The current foreign language learning situation of the professional sports coaches in Anhui province was investiga-ted and analyzed. It was found that the professional sports coaches in Anhui province lack the understanding of the purpose and role of learning a foreign language, and they also have such problems as the weak awareness of learning initiatives, the insufficient learn-ing time, the narrow learning channels and methods, and the low level of foreign language proficiency. It was suggested that admin-istration department and the coaches should realize the importance of improving foreign language level in the modern competitive sports development, enrich foreign language learning channels, and continuously improve the learning methods to stably promote the foreign language level of the professional coaches.

  9. 安徽省人口就业与经济增长的相关性研究%Study on the Relationship between Employment and Economy of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张侠; 孙道助

    2015-01-01

    充分就业和经济增长是宏观经济追求的基本目标,也是经济学界一直研究的热点问题。“九五”以来,安徽省经济保持了稳定持续快速增长。经济增长是否有效带动了就业的增长?论文结合安徽省人口就业与经济增长的现状,利用1996-2012年的数据对经济增长和就业进行了回归分析,结果发现经济增长对就业的拉动能力逐渐减弱,进而对产生这种情况的原因进行分析,并针对性的提出了促进就业的政策建议。%Full employment and economic growth are the basic target of the macroscopic economic pursuit. And it is also a hot issue that economics community has studied. The economy of Anhui province always maintains stability, sustained and rapid growth since ″Nine Five″. Whether economic growth effectively promotes the growth of employment The paper combines with the present situation of Anhui province population employment and economic growth, and analyzes the relationship of the economic growth and employment using 1996-2012 data. Results show that the economic growth to stimulate employment ability gradually is weak-ened. Further analysis of its causes, we put forward the corresponding policy recommendations to promote the employment growth.

  10. 安徽省森林可持续发展与生态足迹分析%Analysis of the Forest Sustainable Development and the Ecological Footprint in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张然; 王仙慧

    2014-01-01

    在传统生态足迹模型的基础上,分出生态足迹和承载力两部分来计算安徽省2009-2011年的森林生态足迹,根据统计数据中生物资源和各项能源的消费量,计算出森林的生物资源账户和能源消费账户的生态足迹,再进一步计算各年的生态承载力,发现安徽省2009-2011年都是生态盈余,但森林生态足迹会很快赶超其生态承载力。并对如何维持森林资源的可持续发展从能源消费和森林资源恢复两方面提出若干建议。%Ecological footprint is a new method for quantitative measures of sustainable development,which reflecting the degree to people taking advantage of natural. This Article calculated two parts of the forest ecological footprint and bearing capacity from 2009 to 2011 in Anhui province with the basis of traditional ecological footprint model.According to the statistics of forestry biological resources and the fossil energy consumption,calculate the forest ecological footprint of biological resources accounts and fossil energy con-sumption accounts,then work out each of the ecological carrying capacity,further found that from 2009 to 2011 Anhui province keeps the ecological surplus,but the forest ecological footprint will catches up with the ecological carrying capacity soon,the author gave some advices from energy consumption and recovery of forest resources to maintain the sustainable development of forest resources.

  11. 安徽省烟草产量影响因子的灰色关联分析%Gray Relational Analysis of the Impact Factors of Tobacco Production in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱兴; 赵虎

    2012-01-01

    利用灰色关联分析,可以挑选出与安徽省烟草产量关系密切的影响因子.选取年降水量、年烟草播种面积、年化肥使用量、年烟草单位面积产量、年农业受灾面积、上一年烟草商品零售价格分类指数、上一年城镇居民家庭年人均烟草消费性支出、当年农业受污染次数8个因子与烟草产量进行灰色关联分析,结果表明,与安徽省烟草产量关联度最大的因子为年降水量,与上一年城镇居民家庭年人均烟草类消费性支出关联度最低.%The impact factors of tobacco production in Anhui province could be picked out by grey interrelation analysis. Eight factors, annual precipitation, annual tobacco plantings, annual fertilizer using, yield per unit area, agricultural disaster area, tobacco retail price index of the previous year, urban households per capita tobacco consumption expenditure in the previous year, agriculture number of contaminated that year were selected for gray relational malysis with tobacco production. The result showed that the factor associated the tightest with tobacco production in Anhui province was the annual fertilizer usage, while the the minimum factor was annual number of agricultural pollution.

  12. 安徽省农村劳动力流动就业问题研究%Anhui Province Rural Labor Flow and Research of Obtain Employment Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: Keeping an eye on the.current flow of Anhui rural labor, this paper carries out an investigation and a- nalysis of the employment skills, the channels of employment, social security etc. Aiming at finding out the obs- tades of Anhui rural labor flow of employment mechanism of system, and puts forward corresponding solutions. In order to improve the quality of Anhui rural migrant workers, the government should strengthen professional quali- ty, perfect management flow and employment service flow and employment, and realize the harmonious develop-ment of the society.%就当前安徽农村流动劳动力的就业技能、就业渠道、社会保障、权利维护等几方面的现状进行调查分析,找出造成安徽农村劳动力流动就业问题的体制机制障碍,并提出相应的解决对策。以期提高安徽农民工职业素质,加强流动就业管理,完善流动就业服务,实现城乡社会和谐发展。

  13. 2010年六安市肠道病毒71型的分子流行病学特征%Molecular epidemiological characterization of enterovirus 71 in Lu'an city of Anhui province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宏伟; 高大维; 张文艳; 范玉珍; 李开春; 李朝阳; 俞海洋; 何军; 丁业荣; 杨卫

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the genetic characteristics and prevalence trends of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) in patients with hand, foot and mouth disease( HFMD)in Lu'an City, Anhui Province, and provide scientific basis for further prevention and control of HFMD in this area. Methods; Throat swab specimens from HFMD patients from Lu'an city were collected for enterovirus nucleic acid detection in Lu'an CDC, and eight EV71 positive samples were randomly selected to conduct sequence determination of VP1 full length. The nucleotide sequences were aligned with EV71 reference strains around the world and the various types of EV71 strains in Mainland China by Bioedit and DNASTAR software. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by clustal W method. Results; The complete VP1 genes from all eight specimens were 891 nt in length, encoding 297 amino acids. Sequence analysis showed that the homogeneity of these 8 strains shared 96.7% to 99.4% in nucleotide acid identity,and 97.0% to 100% in amino acid identity to the representative strains of C4a genotype isolated in China. But when compared to the reference strain of genotype A and B, there were only 82. 6% ~ 83. 2% , 83. 1% - 85. 0% in nucleotide acid identity and 96. 6% ~ 97. 0% , 96. 0% ~ 97.7% in amino acid identity among them. These results suggested that these 8 virus strains belonged to the EV71 C4a subgeno-type. Conclusion; The strains isolated from Lu'an city in 2010 are closely related to those isolated from other provinces in China and all of them belong to C4a subgenotype. It indicated that the C4a genotype probably widely distributes and spreads in mainland of China. The present research is important for the basic research of enterovirus and prevention and control of the EV71 outbreak in China.%目的:探讨六安市手足口病患者中EV71的流行趋势及其基因特征,为手足口病的进一步防控提供科学依据.方法:六安市疾控中心从手足口病患儿中采集咽拭子标本进行肠道

  14. The Reflection on the Effectiveness of“5C”Assessment of Anti-money Laundering of Rural Banking Corporation Institutions---The Survey from Anhui Province%关于农村银行业法人机构反洗钱“5C”评估有效性的思考--来自安徽的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    课题组

    2016-01-01

    以风险为本理念为指导,人民银行积极探索开展以“5C”为标准的反洗钱风险评估工作。本文立足安徽,开展专题调研,以提升反洗钱工作有效性为目标,积极探索适用于农村银行业法人机构的风险评估方法。%With the risk-based concept as the guidance, the People’s Bank of China actively explores the anti-money laundering risk assessment on the basis of“5C”standards. Combined with the situation of Anhui province, the paper carries out a special investi-gation to improve the effectiveness of the anti-money laundering and actively explore the suitable methods of risk assessment for the rural banking corporation institutions.

  15. Japanese Woman Chooses China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IN Qianyang Village, Gucheng Township, Bozhou city in Anhui Province, lives Mitsui Yoshie, a 72-year-old Japanese woman. Her Chinese name is Wang Fengying. This is the story of how she decided to spend the rest of her life in China. Mitsui Yoshie was born into a well-to-do family in Kumamoto, Japan. Her father, Mitsui Kichizo, followed her grandfather into the timber business. She and her older brother, Mitsui Seiki, and

  16. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  17. A prevalence survey on the mental health of left behind adolescents in Anhui province%安徽省留守青少年心理健康状况现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚应水; 康耀文; 金岳龙; 龚伟志; 陈燕; 郑丽; 安洲

    2010-01-01

    Objective By exploring the mental health situation of the unattended adolescents in Anhui province. This study aimed at investigating the status of mental health and related influential factors to provide evidence for effective strategies and intervention in physical and mental health improvement of this population. Methods By using stratified cluster sampling method, we conducted an investigation on 3421 subjects,in which 682 were unattended adolescents,from 7 middle schools in both south and north parts of Anhui province. MHT was used to assess the general condition and status of mental health in the adolescents. Results In the population aged 10 to 18 in Anhui province,19.94% of them were unattended adolescents and were found with poor mental health and more prone to loneliness, sensitive and stronger fear as compared with those with parents around, which showed statistical difference (P<0.05). As for the mental health status of unattended adolescents in different family types, the subjects seemed worse in the north than in the south Anhui regarding the total scores of MHT, self-accusation, physical symptoms and phobic anxiety disorder (P<0.05). Girl students were also inferior to boys concerning the total scores of MHT, learning anxiety, interpersonal anxiety, self-accusation, sensitivity, physical symptoms and impulsive behavior (P<0.05). The students in Grade 7 scored lower than those of the upperclassmen on MHT (P<0.05), and the subjects from township were superior to those of rural areas regarding interpersonal anxiety and loneliness (P<0.05). Children with siblings appeared worse than their counterparts on the total scores of MHT, including the items of interpersonal anxiety, learning anxiety, self-accusation, sensitivity,physical symptoms, strong fear and impulsive behavior (P<0.05). Conclusion Generally, the mental health status of unattended adolescents in Anhui province appeared poorer than their counterparts, and relatively worse

  18. Comparison and Analysis on Quality of Local Jujube of Anhui Province%安徽地方优质枣品质性状比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞飞飞; 孙其宝; 陆丽娟

    2009-01-01

    [目的] 为促进安徽省不同地区枣产业发展.[方法] 采用常规分析方法,对安徽地方5个不同品种(或优株)的枣进行了感官品质和营养成分分析.[结果] 皖枣1号的感官品质最好,繁昌长枣的Vc含量和可溶性固形物含量最高,分别为381.01 mg/100 gFW、29.6%,泗枣1号的可滴定酸含量最高,达0.409%.[结论] 皖枣1号是最适合在安徽地区发展的优质鲜食枣.%[Objective] In order to promote the development of jujube in different regions of Anhui.[Method] The sensory quality and nutritional components of local 5 different varietis in Anhui were analyzed by using normal analysis method.[Result] The results showed that the sensory quality of the Wanzao NO.1 was the best, the content of Vc and soluble solid of Fanchangchangzao were highest, which respectively 381.01 mg/100 gFW, 29.6%.The content of organic acid of SizaoNO.1 was highest, which reached 0.409%.[Conclusion] From comprehensive comparison ,WanzaoNO.1 was the most suitable fresh edible jujube in Anhui.

  19. Study on the Main Restricting Factors and Countermeasures of the Development of the Disabled Fitness in Anhui Province%制约安徽省残疾人健身体育开展的主要因素及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 牛伟; 郝薇薇

    2013-01-01

    Definition of the disabled fitness and main factors restricting the development of Anhui Province disabled sports and fitness are analyzed; According to the relevant state policies, laws and regulations and the basic functions of sports, some suggestions and countermeasures of carring out disabled sports in Anhui Province are put forward.%  讨论了残疾人健身体育的涵义、制约安徽省残疾人健身体育活动开展的主要因素等问题。依据国家相关政策、法律、法规和制度及体育基本功能,提出了安徽省残疾人健身体育活动开展的建议与对策。

  20. Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92.

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Y.; Xu, A.; Li, L.; T. Lei; Takezaki, T.; Hagiwara, A.; Yoneyama, T.; T Fujiwara; Hara, M.; Yamamoto, T

    1994-01-01

    In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100,000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were st...

  1. Anhui Acrobatics Troupe—A Bright Pearl

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Anhui Provincial Acrobatic Troupe was founded in 1956 by members of the former Beijing Youth Acrobatic Troupe and the China Acrobatic Troupe.The first president was the famous acrobat Cao Pengfei,also known as Fei Fei Fei.In the 40 years since its founding the troupe has developed tremendously.It has performed all over China and in nearly 30 countries and regions in the

  2. Survey on the status of health literacy of Anhui Province residents in 2008%2008年安徽省居民健康素养现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莲芝; 仲学锋; 计国平; 王志敏; 朱冰; 曹敏; 董华

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省居民现阶段健康素养现状.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,抽取安徽省6个市(县)15 ~69岁常住人口,共3012人.结果 安徽省居民具备健康素养的比例是8.79%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能3方面素养的比例分别是20.72%、11.16%和15.31%.具备5类健康问题素养的比例由高到低分别是:科学健康观素养(35.29%)、安全与急救素养(22.14%)、传染病预防素养(18.96%)、基本医疗素养(8.07%)、慢性病预防素养(6.77%).结论 受城乡、性别、年龄、文化程度等因素的影响,安徽省居民健康素养水平较低.%Objective To understand the current situation of the health literacy among residents in Anhui Province. Methods Using multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling method and including 3012 residents aged IS69 years old from 6 cities or countise who are permanent populations. Results The overall level of adjusted health literacy ( AHL) among residents in Anhui Province was 8. 79%. The AHL rates in the 3 health-literacy-related aspects as basic healthy concept and knowledge, healthy life style and behaviors, and healthy related skill were 20. 72% , 11. 16% and IS. 31% respectively. The AHL rates of 5 healthy issues as attiude towards health, safty and fist aid, infectious disease prevention, basic medical care, ands chronic non-communicable disease prevention amongs the whole my residents in the province's were 35. 29% , 22. 14% , 18. 96% , 8. 07% and 6. 77% , respectively. The overall AHL rate and the AHL rates in the 3 health-literacy-related aspects were all higher among the urban residents than these of the rural residents, and higher among that of the males than that of the famale. Well-educated persons with the higher proportion AHL Conclusion The basic health literacy among residents of Anhui province's is low. The AHL rales are different form the gender, the age, and with the

  3. Study on the Current Status and Solutions of Rural Human Resources Development in Anhui Province%安徽省农村人力资源的现状与开发策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁静

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,the economic development of rural areas in Anhui province has slowed down,the gap between urban and rural areas has widened.Rural human resources development is a main factor influence the progress of rural areas.The development of rural human resources and improving the quality of rural human resources are the important method to solve the issues concerning agriculture.The rural human resources total quantity of Anhui province is a large scale,but the overall quality is a low level and the human resources structure is unreasonable.This paper analyzes the current status and put forward some suggestions for rural human resources development in Anhui province from perfecting rural education system,promoting the movement of rural human resources and optimizing the human resources environment.Education is an important way to develop human resources.From strengthening rural education and training,it can improve the overall quality of rural human resources.From speeding up rural human resources mobility,it can promote the transfer development.It refers to improve the rural social security system and the level of rural human resources security.At last,this paper can help to strengthen human resource inputs and realize the goal of Human resources strong province.%从近几年来看,安徽省农村地区的经济发展速度较慢,城乡差距不断扩大,农村人力资源开发是影响农村发展的一个非常重要的问题。开发农村人力资源,提高农村人力资源素质,是解决"三农"问题的重要途径。安徽省农村人力资源数量巨大,但素质较低,结构不合理。论文针对安徽省农村人力资源的现状,从完善农村教育体系、促进农村人力资源转移、优化人力资源环境几个方面提出了对策建议。教育是开发人力资源的主要手段,通过加强农村教育培训,提高农村人力资源的综合素质。通过加快农村人力资源的合理流动,促进迁移性开发。

  4. An Empirical Study of the Development and Countermeasures of Animation Industry in Anhui Province%安徽省动漫产业发展现状及其对策的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张中英; 冯春林

    2014-01-01

    An analysis of a large amounts of data and charts shows that the animation industry in Anhui Province,although having made long headway with the increased number of accredited companies,remains a gap behind the top group, specifically manifesting in the lack of leading animation enterprises and good works,insufficient originality,lower part of the industrial chain.It is thus proposed that the policy support be given,with efforts to foster a number of excellent Anhui animation companies and works that reflects local characteristics,and to strengthen the joint between industries and improve the whole industry chain.%通过大量的数据和图表分析发现,虽然安徽省动漫产业在某些方面取得了长足的发展,如电视动画片时长、获得认定的企业数量等,但是与第一集团还有很大的差距。具体表现在:缺乏龙头企业、缺少优秀作品、原创能力不足、处于产业链低端等。由此,提出政策建议:需要继续给予政策扶持,加大力度培育一批体现安徽地方特色的优秀动漫企业和作品,打造一批徽派动漫形象,同时还要加强产业间的联合,完善整个产业链。

  5. The questions existed in establishment and development of the nature reserves in Anhui Province and the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions%安徽省自然保护区建设发展存在问题及对策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓辉; 刘慧; 葛菁

    2011-01-01

    自然保护区是现有条件下人类保护自然资源和濒危野生动植物的最有效手段,已成为生物多样性保护和研究的重要基地.安徽省自然保护区建设已有三十年历史,建设了一批不同级别、不同类型的自然保护区,为区域生物多样性保护做出了重要贡献.文中在重点分析安徽省自然保护区建设发展现状和存在问题的基础上,提出加强自然保护区建设和管理的对策,为安徽省自然保护区的良性发展进行有益探索.%Under the existing conditions, nature reserve is the most effective measure to protect natural resources and endangered species of wild fauna and flora, and has become an important base of biodiversity protection and research. Nature reserves in Anhui Province have already been built for 30 years of history. A number of different levels and different types of nature reserves had been built in Anhui Province, and has made a major contribution to the regional biodiversity conservation. This dissertation, based on analyzing the current status and questions existed in establishment and development of nature reserves in Anhui Province, puts forward a few countermeasures to strengthen development and management of nature reserves, and undertakes beneficial exploration for the sound development of nature reserves in Anhui Province.

  6. Analysis of the Relationship between the listed companies′growth and their finance performance of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province%安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性与财务绩效关系探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤孟泽; 汪本强

    2013-01-01

    It has important practical significance to analyze the growth issue to promoting their sustainable development of listed companies on strategic and emerging industries in Anhui Province. This paper empirical studies on the relationship between the listed companies′growth and their finance performance of strategic emerging industries based on 2006-2012data in Anhui Province. Research results show that the listed companies′growth has significantly positively correlates with their finance performance of strategic emerging industries in Anhui Province. Therefore, the paper puts forward suggestions on how to optimize those listed companies' growth and finance performance on strategic and emerging industries in Anhui Province.%深入研究安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性问题,对于促使其可持续发展无疑具有重要的现实意义。根据2006-2011年安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司的年报数据,回归分析其公司成长性与财务绩效的相关关系。研究表明,安徽省战略性新兴产业上市公司成长性与财务绩效之间存在较为显著的相关关系;为此提出促进公司健康成长及优化公司财务绩效水平的政策建议。

  7. [Ecosystem service and economic valuation in the upper reaches of Xin' an River, Anhui, China for mitigating phosphorus nonpoint source pollution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Fang; Wu, Nan; Fang, Xiang-long; Gao, Ji-xi; Zhou, Xiao-tie; Feng, Chao-yang

    2015-04-01

    A model of phosphorus purification in a watershed was established based on the export coefficient and purification index of phosphorus in different types of land cover. The model was employed to simulate the economic value of the ecosystem service with the expected water quality standard and marginal cost of pollutant purification of the upper reaches of Xin' an River of Anhui, China. The results revealed that from 2000 to 2010, some farmland outside the Tunxi, Jixi, Shexian, Yixian and Xiuning was converted to built-up land. The total amount of phosphorus exported to the upper Xin' an River decreased a little, and the main source of phosphorus pollution was farmland and built-up land. More than half of the exported phosphorus was efficiently purified by different types of land cover via flow accumulation. The pattern of purification and export of highly concentrated phosphorus showed the same trend which occurred in the northern part of the watershed including the Yangzhi River, Fengle River and Hengjiang River. Forestland and grassland did not efficiently purify phosphorus in the watershed owing to the irrational distribution of existing land cover. The total service value was 3.80 and 3.31 million Yuan in 2000 and 2010, respectively.

  8. Phytoplankton community structure in Lake Taiping of Anhui Province%安徽太平湖浮游植物群落结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊莲; 刘冬燕; 王俊莉; 吴明姝; 李东京

    2016-01-01

    安徽太平湖已被列入国家第二批生态环境保护专项.于2012年11月到2014年10月对太平湖浮游植物进行调查,共鉴定出浮游植物109属150种.其中绿藻门最多,共计46属80种,占总种数的53.33%.黄藻门未在镜检中出现,团藻在3个样品中出现;浮游植物丰度平均值为212.81×104 cells/L,生物量平均值为1.04 mg/L. Shannon-Wiener多样性指数和Pielou均匀度指数平均值分别为2.17和0.61.优势种共4门17种,其中O-寡污带指示藻1种,P-多污带指示藻4种,其余12种藻类均为β-中污带指示藻,啮蚀隐藻( Cryptomonas erosa)和尖尾蓝隐藻( Chroomonas acuta)未成为优势种,太平湖优势门类为硅藻和蓝藻;2013和2014年变化表明,太平湖浮游植物群落结构有变化但变幅不大,浮游植物群落结构处于比较稳定的状态;浮游植物聚类分析表明,夏、秋季太平湖浮游植物群落结构相似,H1、H2和H3采样点浮游植物群落结构相似,H4和H5采样点浮游植物群落结构相似;相关性分析表明,丰度、生物量与水温呈极显著正相关,丰度、生物量与透明度呈极显著负相关,水质指标的变化会直接影响到浮游植物的变动,并伴随太平湖水库生态系统的相关复杂变化和生态学过程.%Lake Taiping of Anhui Province has been listed in the second batch of national ecological environment protection. A pre-liminary study was conducted on the phytoplankton in Lake Taiping from November 2012 to October 2014. A total of 150 phyto-plankton species belonging to 109 genera were identified. The phytoplankton community was dominated by Chlorophyta which is comprised of 46 genera and 80 species, and the proportion of Chlorophyta is 53.33%. Xanthophyta didn’t appear in the microscopic examination, but Volvox appeared in 3 samples. The average phytoplankton abundance is 212.81×104 cells/L, the average phyto-plankton biomass is 1.04 mg

  9. Dynamics of Pteroceltis tatarinowii Population in Langya Mountain of Anhui Province%安徽琅琊山青檀种群数量动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴旺; 张小平; 郭传友; 丁建华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theories of population life table and survival analysis, a static life table and curves of the survival rate, mortality rate and vanishing rate as well as survival function curve, of Pteroceltis tatarinowii population in the Langya Mountain of Anhui Province were worked out for analysis of quantitative characteristics of the population using the diameter at breast height ( DBH) classification method and the section smoothing technique. Further on for analysis of dynamics of the population quantity the method of quantification of population dynamics and the time series prediction model were used. Results show that 1) the population of Pteroceltis tatarinowii in the Langya Mountain is of the type of steady growth. The structure of DBH class of the population appeared roughly in the shape of an invert " J" ; trees middle and young in age were relatively high in number, but those old in age relatively low. Although the population may be subject to certain fluctuation during its development process, the two dynamic indexes of Vp,i and Vp,i' (taking into account the external interference) of the population quantity were both higher than zero. 2) The curves of the mortality rate and the vanishing rate of the population varied in a similar trend, each with two peaks popping up at the 2nd age class and the other at the 11th or 12th. Statistic test shows that the survival rate curve tends to be of the type of Deevey- II. 3) The survival rate of the population decreased monotonically, while the cumulative mortality rate increased in the same manner. The falling trend of the survival rate was more apparent in the early stage than in the late stage, whereas that of the cumulative mortality rate was just the reverse. The survival functional curve shows that the Pteroceltis tatarinowii population is characterized by weakness in the early age period, stableness in the middle age period, but decline in the old age period. 4) The time sequence model predicts that young

  10. Cultivation Actualities of Carya illinoensis in Anhui Province And Its Development Strategies%安徽省长山核桃栽培现状及发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王陆军; 周米生; 龚明; 肖正东

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, based on a complete survey and analysis of the cultivation actualities of Carya illinoensis in Anhui Province and focused on the existing problem s in its cultivation and developm ent, som e developm ent strategies were put forward from the aspects of scientific planning,technical support, fine cultivars and strong plantlets, dem onstration of high-yield plantations and technical training in order to provide reference for the sound and rapid developm ent of Carya illinoensis throughout A nhui Province.%在对安徽省长山核桃栽培现状全面调查分析的基础上,针对目前栽培发展过程中存在的问题,从科学规划、科技支撑、良种壮苗、丰产示范、技术培训等方面提出了发展对策,为全省长山核桃健康快速的发展提供参考。

  11. Stamps of New China: Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui-Special Stamps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On June 25, 2004 the State Postal Bureau issued a set of four special stamps entitled “Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun Villages.” The stamps depict two ancient villages in Yixian County, southern Anhui Province, which UNESCO added to the World Heritage List on November 30, 2000.

  12. Nodes and Field of Tourist Origins to Ancient Village——A Case Study of Huangcheng Village in Shanxi Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Based on Hagget's theory of spatial structure, researches on the nodes and field of tourist origins to Huangcheng Village in Shanxi Province of China have been explored. Nodal hierarchy structure of tourist origins is analyzed with cluster analysis and the gravity model. And field of tourist origins is analyzed with attraction radius index (R) and geography concentration index (G). In the field analysis, R and G of Huangcheng Village are compared with Xidi Village that is a world heritage located in Huangshan City of Anhui Province in China. According to comparison of locations of two areas, influential factors for field area of Huangcheng Village are identified. It is concluded that: 1) cluster analysis and gravity model can be complementary methods to each other for nodal hierarchy structure analysis of tourist origins; and 2) as far as location is concerned, the weak intensity effect of tourism resources in the tourist region is a major cause for explaining why tourist origins to Huangcheng Village are mainly its neighboring areas. Moreover, it is suggested that the regional effect of tourist resources should be regarded as a component of destination attractiveness when applying gravity model.

  13. Molecular Epidemiological Surveillance of Rubella Viruses in Anhui Province during 1999-2011%安徽省1999~2011年风疹病毒分子流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周淑洁; 朱贞; 陈霞; 何维宽; 余文周; 唐继海; 苏颖; 柴瑜; 刘丹青

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the genotypes and genetic characteristics of rubella viruses circulated in Anhui province during 1999-2011 and to provide the important genetic baseline data for rubella control and elimination.Methods Vero cell and vero/vero cell transfected to express the human singaling lymphacyte actiration molecule (SLAM)cells were used to isolate rubella viruses from throat swabs collected from suspected rubella cases in all prefectures of Anhui province during 1999-2011.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)method was performed to amplify 1107 nucleotides products,and PCR products were directed sequenced and analyzed.Results 72 rubella viruses were obtained from 145 throat samples collected from suspected rubella case from 10 prefectures The phylogenetic analysis based on the WHO standard sequences window within E1 gene (nt 8731 to 9469,739 nucleotide)showed that 72 rubella viruses belong to 3 genotypes including 1E (62 strains),1F(8 strains),and 2B (2 strains).Genotype 1F rubella viruses were found in 1999 and 2000 espectively,while genotype 2B rubella viruses were only detected in 2000,and these two genotype rubella viruses were not found since then.Genotype 1E rubella viruses were first detected in Anhui province in 2001,and then the virus were detected from 7 prefecture continually.Several lineages of genotype 1E rubella viruses circulated in Anhui province during 2001-2011 were existed in the phylogenetic tree.Most of the nucleotide mutations of 72 rubella viruses were silent mutations,and the amino acid sequences were highly conserved.Except few rubella viruses,there had no changes at the important epitopes.Conclusion The changes of genotype from 1F to 1E in 2001 and 2002.The rubella epidemic in recent years in Anhui province was mainly caused by genotype 1E rubella virus with multi-transmission chains,different transmission chains of genotype 1E rubella viruses were continuously circulated in the prefecture and inter

  14. 安徽省不同产区不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯含量的研究%Study on Content of the Total Terpene Lactones in Ginkgo Biloba L.Leaves from Various Area and Varieties in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周正华; 杜安全; 王先荣; 王德群; 刘守金; 梁益敏

    2013-01-01

    目的:研究安徽省不同产区和不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯的含量.方法:采集安徽省6个产区不同品种银杏叶,分别测定其中总内酯的含量.结果:不同产区不同栽培品种银杏叶总内酯的含量差别较大.结论:可为安徽不同地区合理栽培银杏提供参考.%Objective:To study the content of total terpene lactones in Ginkgo biloba L. leaves from various area and varieties in Anhui province. Methods: Ginkgo biloba L. leaves were collected from six growth area in Anhui province, and the content of total terpene lactones were measured. Results: The contents of total terpene lactones were different in Ginkgo biloba L. leaves from various area and varieties. Conclusion: The result could provide scientific basis for rational planting of Ginkgo biloba L. in different areas of Anhui province.

  15. Deltamethrin resistance, metabolic detoxification enzyme and kdr mutation in Anopheles sinensis in region along Huaihe River in Anhui Province%安徽省沿淮地区中华按蚊溴氰菊酯抗性及代谢解毒酶活性kdr突变频率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常雪莲; 薛玉芹; 张安冬; 朱国鼎; 方强

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the deltamethrin resistance level,GTS and P450 metabolic detoxification enzyme activities,and mutations in the para-type sodium channel gene that confers knockdown resistance (kdr) in Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes from malaria endemic areas along the Huaihe River in Anhui Province,China.Methods An.sinensis adult mosquitoes were collected in Lilou,Mohekou and Tuohu townships of Bengbu City,Anhui Province from August to September,2011.The insecticide resistance bioassays were performed on adult mosquitoes by using the standard WHO susceptibility test with diagnostic concentrations of deltamethrin 0.05%,and the mosquito resistance status was classified based on the WHO resistance classification criteria.The metabolic detoxification enzyme activities were measured in randomly selected mosquitoes,and the IIS6 region of the para-type sodium channel gene was amplified by PCR and sequenced to detect mutations at the codon 1014.Results The knockdown rates within 60 min exposure to deltamethrin test paper were 4.1%,7.0% and 8.2%,and the mortality rates were 8.2%,12.0% and 12.8% for mosquitoes collected from Lilou,Mohekou and Tuohu townships,respectively.These three populations were classified as highly resistant populations based on the WHO resistance classification criteria.The GST and P450 enzyme activities of the three populations were significantly higher than those of the susceptible laboratory population (P < 0.001).L1014C and L1014F mutations were detected,and the wild type homozygote kdr genotype was not found.These three populations exhibited a small but insignificant difference in kdr allele frequencies.No mutation was found in the laboratory susceptible mosquitos.Conclusions The An.sinensis mosquito populations from the regions along the Huaihe River in Anhui Province are strongly resistant to pyrethroid insecticides,and exhibit significantly higher metabolic detoxification enzyme activities than the laboratory susceptible

  16. EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OF JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shu-xia; SHANG Jin-cheng; GUO Huai-cheng

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to give evaluation of ecological services of Jilin Province,Northeast China.To take this value into decision-making and GDP accounting system is considered to be one of the economic solutions for ecological problems.The evaluation is based on the methods proposed by COSTANZA et al.,and some modifications about unit value of forest and cropland system were made according to the real characters of ecosystem,climate,natural conditions etc.,in Jilin Province.Total value of ecosystem services is about 554.404×109yuan(RMB)/a,which is about 4.9 times of GDP of the corresponding period.The results of this study could be used as a fundamental work for the construction of ecological province,which was carried out from 2001,and could provide ecological information for decision-making.Furthermore,the necessities for the further studies on the evaluation of ecological services and natural capital were discussed.

  17. SURVEY OF AIRBORNE POLLEN IN HUBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-hui Liu; Rong-fei Zhu; Wei Zhang; Wen-jing Li; Zhong-xi Wang; Huan Chen

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the genera and seasonal distribution of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China,and its relationship with pollinosis.Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,an airborne pollen investigation was performed in 16 chosen areas in 12 cities of Hubei province using gravity sedimentation technique.Meanwhile,univalent skin prick tests of pollens were performed and the invasion season was studied on 2 300 patients with pollinosis.Among them,352 eases underwent the airway responsiveness measurements,and the correlation between airway responsiveness and results of pollen count was analyzed.Results A total of 61 pollen genera were observed and 257 520 pollens were collected.The peak of airborne pollen distribution occurred in two seasons each year:spring (March and April) and autumn (from August to October).The attack of pollinosis corresponded to the peak of pollen distribution.There was a significantly negative relationship between the provocation dose causing a 20% decrease of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from baseline and airborne pollen concentration (r=-0.6829,P<0.05).Conclusion This study provides useful information for airborne pollen epidemiology of Hubei province,and it provides important insights to clinical prevention,diagnosis,and treatment of pollen-related allergic diseases.

  18. Epidemiology of assaultive injuries in areas of Sichuan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Zheng-hua; LI Lei-bo; ZHOU Xiao-rong; CHANG Yun-feng; CHEN Xiao-gang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To scrutinize the epidemiologicalcharacteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province,China.Methods: A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862victims and 2856 offenders were registered.Results: The majority of victims and offenders were young men at the age of 20-39 and only received an education at secondary school or primary school. The largest fraction of these cases took place at farm or by-place during 10. 00-11.00 o'clock, 16.00-17.00 o'clock and 20.00-21.00 o'clock. The tangles caused by trifles were the most common factors inducing assaultive injuries and accounted for 42.1 percent of the causes of assaults. Blunt injuries were mainly caused by punching (40%) and kicking ( 17. 2 %). About 37.3 % of the lesions seriously happened in the regions of face and head. Open wounds accounted for 40.3 % of these different injuries.Conclusions: It is valuable to take some specific measures to prevent and control assaultive injuries according to their territorial characteristics.

  19. Investigation of maintenance hemodialysis patients with mineral and bone disorder in Anhui province%安徽省维持性血液透析患者矿物质和骨异常现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈虎; 王德光; 钱光荣; 黄扬扬; 胡斌; 王成付; 韩久怀; 刘立刚; 刘智

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the mineral and bone disorder (MBD) status in the maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in Anhui province; To explore the risk factors of hyperphosphatemia.Methods The cases of MHD patients were investigated in hemodialysis centers of 26 hospitals,including 19 tertiary hospitals,seven secondary hospitals,of southern,northern and central Anhui province from January 1st,2014 to March 31st,2014.Research content included general demographic characteristics,laboratory examination,clinical manifestation and medications,etc.Taking KDOQI and KDIGO guidelines as standard respectively,success rates of adjusted serum calcium,phosphorus,intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) was observed and then compared with the dialysis outcomes and practice patterns study (DOPPS) 3 and DOP S4.At last,success rate of adjusted serum calcium,phosphorus,intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) in patients with MHD was compared in different hospitals of various grades.Results (1) Among the selected 2774 cases,1662 cases of male,1112 cases of female,with mean age (52.4±14.4) years old and the average dialysis time (45.4± 39.1) months,the top three original diseases were chronic glomerulonephritis (49.8%),hypertensive nephrosclerosis (18.7%) and diabetic nephropathy (15.4%).(2) On the basis of KDOQI guidelines:the success rate of adjusted serum calcium,serum phosphorus,iPTH in MHD patients was 40.1%,36.9%,23.0%,lower than DOPPS3 (50.4%,49.8%,31.4%) and DOPPS4 (56.7%,52.6%,29.6%) (P < 0.01);Compared with the developed areas in China,the success rate of iPTH was lower (P < 0.05),while the success rate of adjusted serum calcium and serum phosphorus had no obvious difference (P > 0.05).(3) On the basis of KDIGO guidelines,the success rate of adjusted serum calcium,serum phosphorus,iPTH in MHD patients was 52.0%,21.6% and 47.8% respectively.(4) Comparing different hospitals of various grades:the success rate of serum phosphorus and iPTH in tertiary

  20. Central China Expo Records $ 6.37 Bin Overseas Investment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On April 28, the Expo Central China 2009 was successfully concluded in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui province. During the Expo, the number of for-eign capital investment projects reached 127, valued at 6.37 billion dollars. And 356 domestic investment contracts were signed, drawing an invest-ment of 144.9 billion Yuan.

  1. 安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源调查分析及对策%Analysis and Countermeasure on the Nurse's Stressors of hemodialysis Center in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶明芬; 周健美; 王翠珍; 刘俊

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过问卷调查安徽省血液净化中心护士压力源情况及其相关因素,以采取有效的应对方式,减轻护士工作压力。方法采用中国护士工作压力源量表和血液净化中心护士基本情况调查表对安徽省27所医院血液净化中心的302名护士进行问卷调查。结果血液净化中心护士工作压力源平均分由高到低依次为工作量及时间分配问题、护理专业及工作方面的问题、病人护理方面的问题、环境及资源方面的问题、管理及人际关系方面的问题,总平均压力程度为2.50±0.99分。其中,不同工作年限护士在工作环境及资源、病人护理方面评分比较有显著性差异(P<0.05)。结论安徽省血液净化中心护士压力程度较高,影响因素是多元的,工作环境及资源方面、病人护理方面带给护士的压力与护士工作年限相关,应通过改善环境、提高护士待遇,对护士进行分层次培训等方面来降低工作压力,提高护理质量。%Objective To explore the effective coping styles by questionnaire survey of the Nurse Stress Source and Re-lated Factors of hemodialysis Center in Anhui province ,and help them to reduce the working pressure .Methods Question-naires about Chinese nurse job stressors and hemodialysis Center nurse general situations were sent to 302 nurses in 27 he-modialysis centers in Anhui Province .Results The average score on hemodialysis Center nurse job stressors in decreased or-der were work load ,time distribution ,nursing professional or working experience ,care of patients ,environment and re-sources ,management ,and interpersonal relationships .The general average pressure level was 2 .50 ± 0 .99 .The pressure differences in working environment ,resources ,and patient care between nurses with different specialty or seniority were sta-tistically significant (P<0 .05) .Conclusions The degree of work pressure of the nurses in

  2. Investigation on hair mercury concentration of people in 8 typical regions of Anhui Province and its influence factors%安徽省典型地区人群头发汞含量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钮志远; 王元; 刘桂建

    2016-01-01

    Mercury and its compounds are harmful to human health due to their strong toxicity and easy volatilization in environment. The exposure of human body to mercury can be estimated with hair mercury concentration. In this study, the total hair mercury level of people in Anhui Province was investigated by determining the mercury concentration of 131 hair samples from people in 8 typical regions with hydride generation flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Data were statistically analyzed by SPSS. It was found that the average hair mercury concentration (0.480±0.896μg·g-1) of people in Anhui Province was at lower level compared to those in some other regions, which indicated low mercury exposure risk to residents in Anhui Province. Hair mercury concentration of people (0.068± 0.054 μg·g-1 ) in Luan was significantly lower than those in other 7 regions, while there was no significant difference of hair mercury content among other 7 regions. Hair mercury concentration was influenced by the age of people rather than their gender. The mercury content in hair of people with the age of 30—50 was significantly higher than those of people of other ages. In addition, mercury concentration of the dyed hair was apparently lower than that of undyed sample. The dyed hair subsequently cannot be used as an indicator of human of exposure to mercury.%汞及其化合物毒性大,挥发性强,在环境中易于迁移,危害人体健康.人发中汞的含量是反映汞的环境暴露对人体的影响的优良指标.本研究利用氢化物发生-原子吸收分光光度法对安徽省合肥、淮南、安庆等8个典型地区人群的131个头发样品中总汞含量进行测定,并用SPSS软件对数据结果进行了统计分析.结果表明,安徽省人群发汞含量为0.480±0.896μg·g-1,与国内外部分地区相比,处于较低水平,人体受汞暴露的风险较低;六安地区人群发汞含量(0.068±0.054μg·g-1)明显低于其他7个地区;男

  3. Analysis of the status of medical staff on primary rural preventive health care in Anhui province%安徽省农村卫生保健网网底医务人员的现状调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付连国; 吴学森; 程先进; 周纯先; 贾贤杰; 刘源; 江平平; 庞宏洋

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省农村卫生保健网网底医务人员现状,为进一步提高农村卫生室服务能力提供依据.方法:按分层抽样原则从皖北、皖中、皖南地区,按经济好、中、差抽取农村卫生室的医务人员,采用自编制调查表,调查其基本状况、教育培训状况、工作满意度、工作时间分布及基础知识测试.结果:村卫生室医疗人员年龄平均为41.54岁,男性占80.69%,高中及以上文化程度占68.23%,平均村卫生室工作年限13.94年;87.59%的人员接受过正规教育,对现有培训措施及成效评价较好,但在培训过程中也存在若干问题;对目前工作、收入、工作条件的满意度均评价为一般;预防免疫等公共卫生服务项目开展较少;基础知识测试及格率皖北为36.9%、皖中为40.5%、皖南为53.8%.结论:安徽省农村医务人员医疗技能不高,人员结构不合理,其职能不明确,应依靠完善的培训机制和政府有力的投入给予保障.%Objective: To understand the status of medical staff on primary rural health care in Anhui province, and provide the basic reason for improving service capability of rural clinics. Methods: Medical staff was selected according to different economical levels from rural clinics which lied in southern, middle and northern in Anhui province, and the conditions of status, education, satisfaction, working time, and basic knowledge were surveyed using self-questionnaire. Results: The average age of medical staff was 41. 54, the ratio of male was 80. 69% ,the ratio of senior high school education was 68. 23% ,the average working time in rural clinics was 13. 94 years;87. 59% medical staff were accepted medical education, and given better reputation, but there were several problems during training; the medical staff had general satisfaction on the condition of work and salary; the ratio of spending on public health services time was little, such as preventive immunity;the pass ratios of

  4. 安徽省装备制造业竞争力评价与对策研究%Evaluation and Improvement Strategies on Competitiveness of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弢; 陈硕

    2014-01-01

    This article establishes a relative integrated index evaluation system of competitiveness of equipment manufacturing industry. Factor analysis is used to evaluate the competitiveness index, which is sorted later, of the equipment manufacturing industry and each of its seven sub-industries in the internal thirty provinces, cities and municipalities (excluding the Tibet region). Contrastive analysis of this competitiveness index between Anhui province and the other provinces and regions is presented. From the aspects of enhancing the competitive industries, reinforcing the cooperation among the sub-industries, improving the independent innovation ability and etc., we propose effective countermeasures and suggestions for their competitiveness improvement.%院本文对装备制造业的竞争力构建了一个相对完整的评价指标体系,采用因子分析法对全国30个省市、自治区(不包括西藏)的装备制造业及其七个子行业的产业竞争力进行测度并排序。通过安徽省与其它省份和地区的该产业竞争力现状的对比分析,从强化优势产业,增强多方合作及提高自主创新能力等角度有针对性地提出能够有效提高安徽省装备制造业竞争力的对策建议。

  5. A Study on Gender Differences in Pathological Internet Use of College Students in Anhui Province%安徽省大学生病理性上网性别差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳艳; 何成森; 杨平; 李微霞

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate gender differences of PIU of college students in Anhui province, and to provide scientific basis for taking intervention measures in the future. Methods:2000 college students in Anhui province were surveyed about diagnostic criteria of PIU and college students’ network behavior. Results:The reported rate of male college students with PIU (13.7%) is higher than that of female students (9.3%), which is of statistical significance (P﹤0.05). Differences also exist in content and purposes of Internet use and in gender temperament. Conclusion:There is a certain relationship between gender and Internet use. Physiological factors, gender temperament and social culture are factors of important influences on PIU.%目前大学生因病理性上网引发的后遗症,已成为学生管理中的一个重要问题。本文以安徽省本、专科两类院校的在校大学生为研究对象,采用分层整群的抽样方法,对其就“病理性上网”诊断标准、大学生网络行为进行问卷调查,结果显示:男性大学生病理性上网发病报告率(13.7%)高于女生(9.3%),差异性具有统计学意义(P≤0.01);男、女生上网的主要内容、目的不同,性别气质方面也存在差异性并进行原因分析。研究表明:网络使用情况与性别有一定的关系,生理因素、性别气质和社会文化是病理性上网性别差异的重要影响因素。了解大学生病理性上网的程度以及性别差异表现,可为今后有针对性地采取干预措施提供科学依据。

  6. A Study on Tourist Loyalty Mechanism of Leisure Resort in Anhui Province%安徽省休闲度假旅游地游客忠诚机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐先文

    2014-01-01

    忠诚游客的重游与口碑宣传是旅游地重要的价值资源和竞争优势,游客忠诚机制的研究有助于认识游客忠诚形成的路径,为构筑游客忠诚战略提供帮助。文章采用现场问卷调查获取游客忠诚影响因子数据,运用结构方程模型,对安徽省休闲度假旅游地作了实证研究,发现地方依恋在模型中拥有显著的核心影响力,游客的感知价值和满意体验通过地方依恋对游客忠诚产生影响,满意体验对游客忠诚具有直接正面影响。在此基础上,结合案例地实际,提出了构筑安徽省休闲度假旅游地游客忠诚的具体策略。%Loyal tourists’ revisit and word-of-mouth propaganda are the important valuable resource and competitive advan-tage for tourism destination market. The study on tourist loyalty mechanism can help to find out the path of visitor loyalty forma-tion in order to build tourist loyalty strategies. The paper, through the on-the-spot questionnaire survey to collect data of fac-tors affecting tourist loyalty and applying structural equation model, makes an empirical analysis on leisure resorts in Anhui Province. The results show that the place attachment has a significant core influence in the model,both tourist’s perceived val-ue and satisfaction of experience affect tourist loyalty through the place attachment. The satisfaction of tourist experience has a direct positive impact on the tourist loyalty. On this basis,the paper puts forward the concrete strategies to build tourist loyalty of leisure resort in Anhui Province.

  7. Distribution of genotypes and subtypes of hepatitis B virus in the population of southern of Anhui Province%皖南地区乙型肝炎病毒基因型和亚型的分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋骏; 夏长胜

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究皖南地区人群乙型肝炎病毒(hepatitis B virus,HBV) 基因型和亚型流行及分布情况.方法:采用HBV基因型和亚型特异性引物PCR法,对皖南地区319例HBV DNA阳性患者进行基因型和亚型的检测.结果:皖南地区319例HBV感染者中,可检出基因型285例,检出率为89%,其中B型162例(57%),全部为Ba亚型;C型49例(17%),其中C1亚型38例,C2亚型9例,未分型2例;B+C 混合型74例(26%).B型感染者与C型感染者血清HBV DNA 水平差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但均高于B 和C 基因型混合感染患者(P<0.01).结论:皖南地区人群HBV感染的基因型主要为B 型、B+C混合型及C 型;亚型则以Ba和C1亚型为主.%Objective:To investigate the distribution of genotypes and subtypes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the population living in southern area of Anhui Province. Methods: The genotypes were detected in 319 subjects infected with HBV by genotype/subtype-specific primer PCR.Results: HBV genotypes and subtypes were identified in 285 of the 319 serum samples(89% ), and genotype B, which totally fell into sub-genotype Ba, was seen in 162(57 % ) and genotype C in 49( 17% ) which included 38 genotypes of C1, 9 of C2 and failure of genotyping in 2.Mixed genotypes( B + C ) accounted for 26 % (74/285). There was no significant difference between patients infected with genotype B and those with genotype C in terms of serum HBV DNA loads(P>0.05), and yet the loads were greater than that of mixed genotypes of B and C.Conclusion: Genotype B, mixed genotypes ( B + C) and genotype C are prevalent in the population living in southern of Anhui province, and subtypes of Ba and C1 are predominant.

  8. 安徽省对口援建新疆皮山县卫生人才培养调查与分析%Investigation and analysis of health personnel training during Anhui province aiding Xinjiang Pishan county

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪长如; 王劲松; 麻冲

    2015-01-01

    目的:为新疆定向培养医疗卫生人才提供决策依据。方法通过文献法、关键知情人深度访谈法、问卷调查、观察法,了解皮山县卫生人才发展现状和需求,分析新疆民族学生的学情,以及安徽省援疆人才培养情况。结果皮山县卫生人才总量不足、增量不够,致力援疆项目民族学生的思想政治教育、国家通用语言能力、学业质量、文化心理适应能力等方面需要着力加强,安徽省援疆卫生人才培养采取了创新工作机制、创新人才培养模式等举措。结论解决皮山县卫生人才短缺问题,必须严格人才选拔标准、扩大定向培养规模,坚持立德树人、保证人才培养质量,以及采取激励措施、鼓励内地优秀毕业生到新疆就业。%Objective To provide decision support for the Xinjiang oriented training medical talents. Methods Through the literature method, key informant interviews method, questionnaires method, observation method, learned about health personnel situation and demand Pishan county, analyzed the situation of Xinjiang minority students in Anhui Province as well as the aiding-Xinjiang personnel training.Results Health talent in Pishan county was in short, its increment was not enough, the Intellectual Aid Project for Xinjiang Minority Students including the ideological and political education, national general language ability, academic quality, cultural and psychological adaptation ability need strengthening, Anhui Province health personnel training took the measures like innovating the mode of cultivating mechanism and talent initiatives.Conclusions In order to solve the problem of Pishan county health personnel shortages, we must tighten the standard of selecting talents, expand the scale of the oriented training, adhere to the morality education, ensure the quality of personnel training, and take incentive measures to encourage the mainland outstanding graduates to work in

  9. 安徽省大学生饮食习惯与营养健康调查%Eating Habits and Nutrition and Health Survey Among College Students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李源晖; 许艳; 马翠荣; 姚应水

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the eating habits of undergraduates' health and nutrition in Anhui province. [Method] Using questionnaire, combined with the interview, undergraduates' nutrition conditions were summarized and concluded in respects of the diet, dietary habits of undergraduates in Anhui province. [Results| Among 900 effective survey questionnaire, there were 485 boys and 415 girls, with an average age of 20.81 _+ 2.033. College students' bad eating habits were serious problems, and people who often eat instant noodles and fried food accounted for 43.1% of the total number. Men and women had similar nutrient arrangement (P 〉 0.05). The attention of collocation and breakfast food were the risk factors refers to the irregular diet (OR 〉 1), and city types, monthly food consumption level were protection factors (OR 〈 1). [Conclusion] For research of the eating habits, college students should strengthen concern and consciousness for nutrition health.%目的:了解安徽省大学生的饮食习惯与营养健康状况。方法:采用问卷调查法结合访谈,分别从营养饮食、饮食习惯等方面对安徽省大学生营养情况进行概述和总结,并进行统计学处理。结果:有效的900份调查问卷中,男生485人、女生415人,平均年龄为20.81±2.0;55。大学生的不良饮食习惯问题较严重,常吃方便面、油炸食物的人数占总人数的45.1%;男女生对于营养搭配的重视程度类似(P〉O.05);饮食搭配的关注度、早餐的认知度是发生饮食不规律的危险因素(0R〉1),而城市类型、每月饮食消费水平是发生饮食不规律的保护因素(OR〈1)。结论:对此次饮食习惯的研究后,大学生应加强对营养、健康的关注和意识。

  10. Allergen detection result analysis of 1062 patients with chronic urticaria in Anhui province%安徽省1062例慢性荨麻疹过敏原检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周海林; 胡白; 蒋法兴; 廖理超; 姚秀华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省慢性荨麻疹患者的食入性与吸入性过敏原情况,为该病的预防和治疗提供依据.方法 采用酶联免疫分析法,对1062例慢性荨麻疹患者进行吸入性过敏原和食入性过敏原特异性lgE抗体检测.结果 1062例慢性荨麻疹患者过敏原阳性检出率为48.78%(518例),吸入组过敏原的阳性率明显高于食入组,其中粉螨、尘螨 (34.56%)、屋尘(10.73%)为主要过敏原.结论 安徽省慢性荨麻疹患者吸入性过敏原的检出率明显高于食入性,过敏原以尘螨、粉螨和屋尘多见,找出致病因素对临床治疗慢性荨麻疹有较好的指导意义.%Objective To investigate Anhui province patients with chronic urticaria in ingestion and inhalation allergen conditions respectively, in order to provide evidence for prevention and treatment. Methods Enzyme immunoassay method was used to test 1 062 patients with chronic urticaria in allergen-specific lgE antibodies. Results The testing results of 1 062 cases showed that the total of the positive reaction rates reached 48. 78% (518 positive cases). Inhalation allergen positive rate was significantly higher than that of ingestion allergen group. The positive reaction rates of the mites and the house dust reached 34. 56% and 10. 37% respectively, which were the first and the second in the allergens tested. Conclusion Both ingestion allergens and inhalation allergens are contributing causes to chronic urticaria. The mites and the house dust were perhaps the ordinary pathogenic allergens for the patients with chronic urticaria in Anhui province. Identifying the causative factors is of instructive significance for the clinical treatment of chronic urticaria.

  11. Study on Agricultural Weather Forecast for Tobacco Planting in South Anhui Province%皖南烟叶生产农用天气预报服务研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李龙; 凤宝文; 张民蓓; 孙秀邦

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To study the agricultural weather forecast for tobacco planting in South Anhui Province. [Method] According to the regulations of farming activities in tobacco field and the relationships between tobacco production and climatic conditions, Xuancheng agrome-teorological experiment station analyzed the actual needs and contents of agricultural weather forecast in lobarco planting. [Result] Seven main forecast objects were given, including severe snow forecast, suitable transplanting period forecast, the weather forecast for pests and diseases controlling, chilling and drainage forecast, irrigation forecast, and the forecast for water logging controlling and harvesting. An agricultural weather forecast model was constructed based on the tobacco growth-weather relationships, and a meteorological services program was formulated to explore the tobacco production layout, track its growth dynamics, bring forward meteorological services timely and propose practical measures to guarantee excellent tobacco quality. [Conclusion] The study provides meteorological service and technology support for producing high-quality tobacco in South Anhui Province.%[目的]研究皖南烟叶生产农用天气预报服务.[方法]宣城市农业气象试验站根据皖南烟叶田间管理规程确定的农事活动,通过皖南烟叶生产与天气关系研究,分析农用天气预报的内容及实际需求.[结果]总结归纳出7种主要预报对象,分别是大棚防雪灾预报、适宜移栽期预报、病虫害防治预报、清沟排渍预报、灌溉预报、排涝及适宜收获期预报;提出用皖南烟叶生长天气关系模型制作农用天气预报预报,并编制了皖南烟叶田间生产周年气象服务方案,通过掌握烟叶生产布局和追踪烟叶生长动态,及时开展服务,提出保障烟叶优质生产可行的农事措施.[结论]该研究为皖南烟叶优质适产提供了农业气象科技支撑.

  12. Relationship between Ecological Footprint and the Urbanization Rate in Anhui Province%安徽省生态足迹与城镇化率关系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣森; 王燕玲

    2015-01-01

    There is a contradictory unity relationship between the rate of urbanization and ecological sustainable development,it is an important point that how to improve the rate of urbanization and protect the environment. Ecological footprint has received extensive attention as a measure of environmental sustainability.Based on the data of the ecological footprint and the urbanization rate of Anhui province from 1998 to 2012,this paper focuses on discussing the relationship of the ecological footprint and the urbanization rate of Anhui province. The study reveals that ecological footprint and ecological carrying capacity are both significantly correlated with the rate of urbanization,and they also increase with the increasing rate of the urbanization.Based on the conclusion,this paper propose that we should slow down the speed of urbanization,and we also need to protect the environment as urbanization is in process so that the environment is sustainable development.%城镇化率与生态环境可持续发展之间存在着对立统一的关系,如何在提高城镇化率的同时又保护环境成为重要的课题。生态足迹作为环境可持续发展的衡量指标,受到了广泛的关注。基于安徽省1998—2012年的生态足迹和城镇化率的相关数据,探讨安徽省的生态足迹与城镇化率的关系。研究结果表明:生态足迹和生态承载力与城镇化率明显相关,且均随着城镇化率的提高而提高。基于上述研究结果,要放慢城镇化的速度,并且在城镇化的过程中注重保护环境,使环境得到可持续的发展。

  13. The estimation of prevalence, incidence, and residual risk of transfusion-transmitted human hepatitis B infection from blood donated at the Anhui blood center, China, from 2009 to 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuping Li

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV among the Chinese population poses a threat to blood safety; however, few studies have examined epidemiological data regarding HBV infection of Chinese blood donors. The present study investigated the demographic characteristics of blood donors at the Anhui blood center in China, the prevalence, incidence, and residual risk (RR associated with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg expression in terms of transfusion transmitted HBV (TTHBV infections. METHODS: The demographic characteristics and HBV status of people who donated blood at the Anhui blood center between 2009 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of HBV was estimated through HBsAg yield approach. The window period model was then used to estimate the RR of TTHBV infection. RESULTS: The typical donor at the Anhui blood center was a first-time volunteer, aged less than 25 years, unmarried, of Han ethnicity, and with an education below high school level. The prevalence of HBV infection among repeat donors, first-time donors, and all donors was 28.9, 127.2 and 82.1 per 100,000, respectively. The incidence estimate was 333.9 per 10(5 person-years. Using an infectious window period of 59 days, the RR for HBV was estimated to be 1 in 1853 between 2009 and 2011. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and RR of HBV in Chinese blood donors are much higher than those of donors in developed countries. This is because sensitive ELISAs and nucleic acid tests are not available in China. Further work is needed to improve both the safety and availability of blood products in China.

  14. PEDIATRIC OCULAR TOXOCARIASIS IN JIANGSU PROVINCE, EASTERN CHINA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Fang; Hua, Hai-Yong; Wang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Ocular toxocariasis is caused by migration of a Toxocara larva through the posterior eye. We report the first case of pediatric ocular toxocariasis caused by T. canis in Jiangsu Province, eastern China. A 6-year-old girl presented to Suzhou Municipal Children's Hospital with a complaint of right eye redness, minimal white discharge, no photophobia, eye pain, visual impairment, fever or arthralgia. She was initially diagnosed as having conjunctivitis; however, a 2-month treatment with lomefloxacin 0.3% eye drops gave no improvements. The diagnosis was made based on medical history (contact with dogs), clinical features and detection of T. canis IgG antibodies with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Anthelmintic therapy with albendazole in combination with prednisolone resulted in improvement of the ocular symptoms. Ocular toxocariasis is rarely reported in China. However, the rapid economic development in China, could mean an increase in pet dogs with the potential increased risk of contracting toxocariasis if no control measures are taken. Disposal of pet litter, deworming of infected pets, complete cooking of meats, thorough rinsing of fruits and vegetables, and good hand-washing may help prevent human infections. Ocular toxocariasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with conjunctivitis that does not resolve with treatment.

  15. Assessment of HCV genotypes in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiongfen; Yao, Yufeng; Shen, Yunsong; Cao, Danfeng; Li, Yalin; Zhang, Shuqiong; Cun, Wei; Sun, Mingbo; Yu, Jiankun; Shi, Li; Dong, Shaozhong

    2016-12-23

    Recently, we reported that the frequency of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes has rapidly changed among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in Yunnan Province over the last 5 years; this is especially true for subtype 6a which has increased in frequency from 5 to 15%. Here, we assessed 120 HCV-positive plasma samples from the general population (GP). HCV NS5B fragments were amplified and sequenced by PCR. We identified four HCV genotypes (1, 2, 3 and 6) and seven HCV subtypes (1b, 2a, 3a, 3b, 6a, 6n, and 6k) in this population. Genotype 3 was predominant, with a distribution frequency of 0.484, followed by genotype 1 (0.283), genotype 6 (0.133) and genotype 2 (0.100). HCV subtypes 3b (frequency 0.292) and 1b (frequency 0.283) were the most common subtypes. A comparison of the current data with previous results reported for IDUs showed that the distribution frequencies of genotypes 1, 2 and 6 were significantly different between patients in the GP and IDUs (P HCV subtypes, the distribution frequencies of 1b, 2a, 6a, and 6n were significantly different between patients in the GP and IDU groups (P HCV subtype 6a strains isolated from IDUs and the GP were intermixed and not separately clustered. HCV subtype 6a was predominant not only among IDUs but also among those in the GP in the Guangdong Province and Vietnam. However, HCV subtype 6a was predominant only among IDUs and not among those in the GP in the Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces. Our results indicate that the HCV subtype 6a could rapidly spread across China.

  16. Multivariate statistical evaluation of dissolved trace elements and a water quality assessment in the middle reaches of Huaihe River, Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jie; Liu, Guijian; Liu, Houqi; Lam, Paul K S

    2017-04-01

    A total of 211 water samples were collected from 53 key sampling points from 5-10th July 2013 at four different depths (0m, 2m, 4m, 8m) and at different sites in the Huaihe River, Anhui, China. These points monitored for 18 parameters (water temperature, pH, TN, TP, TOC, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Co, Cr, Cd, Mn, B, Fe, Al, Mg, and Ba). The spatial variability, contamination sources and health risk of trace elements as well as the river water quality were investigated. Our results were compared with national (CSEPA) and international (WHO, USEPA) drinking water guidelines, revealing that Zn, Cd and Pb were the dominant pollutants in the water body. Application of different multivariate statistical approaches, including correlation matrix and factor/principal component analysis (FA/PCA), to assess the origins of the elements in the Huaihe River, identified three source types that accounted for 79.31% of the total variance. Anthropogenic activities were considered to contribute much of the Zn, Cd, Pb, Ni, Co, and Mn via industrial waste, coal combustion, and vehicle exhaust; Ba, B, Cr and Cu were controlled by mixed anthropogenic and natural sources, and Mg, Fe and Al had natural origins from weathered rocks and crustal materials. Cluster analysis (CA) was used to classify the 53 sample points into three groups of water pollution, high pollution, moderate pollution, and low pollution, reflecting influences from tributaries, power plants and vehicle exhaust, and agricultural activities, respectively. The results of the water quality index (WQI) indicate that water in the Huaihe River is heavily polluted by trace elements, so approximately 96% of the water in the Huaihe River is unsuitable for drinking. A health risk assessment using the hazard quotient and index (HQ/HI) recommended by the USEPA suggests that Co, Cd and Pb in the river could cause non-carcinogenic harm to human health.

  17. Adsorption of mercury on laterite from Guizhou Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Xiaohong; ZHU Lijun; GUO Baiwei; HE Shouyang

    2008-01-01

    The adsorption behaviors of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite from Guizhou Province, China, were studied and the adsorption mechanism was discussed. The results showed that different mineral compositons in the laterite will cause differences in the adsorption capacity of latedte to Hg(Ⅱ). Illite and non-crystalloids are the main contributors to enhancing the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(Ⅱ). The pH of the solution is an important factor affecting the adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite. The alkalescent environment (pH 7-9) is favorable to the adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ). The amount of adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) increases with increasing pH. When the pH reaches a certain value, the amount of the adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) will reach the maximum level. The amount of adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) decreases with increasing pH. The optimal pHs of laterite and kaolinite are 9 and 8, respectively. The optimal initial concentrations of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite and kaolinite are 250 and 200μg/ml, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were described by the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite is a quick process while that of Hg(Ⅱ) on kaolinite is a slow reaction. Laterite from Guizhou Province is a promising environmental material which can be used in the removal of Hg(Ⅱ) from wastewater.

  18. Adsorption of mercury on laterite from Guizhou Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Xiaohong; Zhu, Lijun; Guo, Baiwei; He, Shouyang

    2008-01-01

    The adsorption behaviors of Hg(II) on laterite from Guizhou Province, China, were studied and the adsorption mechanism was discussed. The results showed that different mineral compositons in the laterite will cause differences in the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). Illite and non-crystalloids are the main contributors to enhancing the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). The pH of the solution is an important factor affecting the adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite. The alkalescent environment (pH 7-9) is favorable to the adsorption of Hg(II). The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) increases with increasing pH. When the pH reaches a certain value, the amount of the adsorbed Hg(II) will reach the maximum level. The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) decreases with increasing pH. The optimal pHs of laterite and kaolinite are 9 and 8, respectively. The optimal initial concentrations of Hg(II) on laterite and kaolinite are 250 and 200 microg/ml, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were described by the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite is a quick process while that of Hg(II) on kaolinite is a slow reaction. Laterite from Guizhou Province is a promising environmental material which can be used in the removal of Hg(II) from wastewater.

  19. Epidemiology of gastroenterologic cancer in Henan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Bang Lu; Xi-Bin Sun; Di-Xin Dai; Shi-Kuan Zhu; Qiu-Ling Chang; Shu-Zheng Liu; Wen-Jie Duan

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To estimate the mortality rates of gastroenterologic cancers for the period between 1974 and 1999, in Henan Province, China and its epidemiologic features.METHODS: Information on death of patients with cancer was provided by the county-city registries. Population data were provided by the local police bureau. All the deaths of cancer registered were classified according to the threedigit rubric of the ICD-9. Cancer mortality rates reported herein were age-adjusted, using the world population as standard and weighted piecewise linear regression analysis.RESULTS: Total cancer age-adjusted mortality rates were 195.91 per 100 000 for males and 124.36 per 100 000 for females between 1996 and 1998. During the period of 19741999, a remarkable decrease took place in esophageal carcinoma, stomach cancer remained essentially stable and liver cancer, a moderate increase. Colorectal cancer was slightly increased over the last two decades.CONCLUSION: The population-based cancer registry can give an accurate picture of cancer in Henan Province, by providing a set of analyses of selected cancer mortality data as a source of reference for researchers in cancer, public health and health care services.

  20. Crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China based on seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Guanghua; Feng, Jikun; Lin, Jun

    2016-11-01

    We imaged the crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China with fundamental mode Rayleigh waves recorded by 60 broadband stations deployed in the region. Surface-wave empirical Green's functions were retrieved from cross-correlations of inter-station data and phase velocity dispersions were measured using a frequency-time analysis method. Dispersion measurements were then utilized to construct 2D phase velocity maps for periods between 5 and 35 s. Subsequently, the phase-dispersion curves extracted from each cell of the 2D phase velocity maps were inverted to determine the 3D shear wave velocity structures of the crust. The phase velocity maps at different periods reflected the average velocity structures corresponding to different depth ranges. The maps in short periods, in particular, were in excellent agreement with known geological features of the surface. In addition to imaging shear wave velocity structures of the volcanoes, we show that obvious low-velocity anomalies imaged in the Changbaishan-Tianchi Volcano, the Longgang-Jinlongdingzi Volcano, and the system of the Dunmi Fault crossing the Jingbohu Volcano, all of which may be due to geothermal anomalies.

  1. Investigation analysis and countermeasure research on general practitioner team in Anhui Province%安徽省全科医生人才队伍现状调查分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于先清; 纪艳

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查了解安徽省全科医生人才队伍现状基本情况,摸清全省全科医生数量和分布,为更好编制全科医生培养规划、制定全科医生培养和使用政策提供依据. 方法 以安徽省取得各类全科医生培训合格证书的所有人员作为研究对象,采用文献研究法、专家访谈法和问卷调查法,通过收集、整理全科医生队伍基本信息和工作状况数据资料进行分析. 结果 安徽省全科医生队伍规模为10 255人,每万人拥有全科医生数为1.48人. 学历层次以大专和中专及以下居多,分别占59.31%和27.57%;专业技术职称初级占57.04%,中级的比例为39.81%,副高及以上职称较少,仅占3.15%;在岗人员全部具有执业资格,68.25%为执业医师,其他为执业助理医师;执业类别中大部分是临床执业医师;仅有四成人员进行了全科医生注册;83.82%的全科医生从事全科医疗服务;工作单位在城市社区卫生服务机构的比例为63.05%,来自乡镇卫生院的数量较少,占35.88%. 结论 安徽省全科医生人才流失严重,在岗人员学历、职称普遍偏低,有少量全科医生培训资质不符合要求,全科医生注册有待进一步加强;全科医生数量城乡分布不均,农村地区全科医生极度匮乏.%Objective To investigate basic current situation of General Practitioner ( GP ) team, especially the number and distribution in Anhui Province, thereby, work out the planning and policy basis for the GP cultivation.Methods Took the staffs who had the GP Training Certificate in Anhui Province as the research objects, and chose the Literature Study, Expert Interview and Questionnaire as the research instruments to gather and analyze the data.Results The population of General Practitioner is 10, 255 in Anhui Province and 1.48 per 10,000.The majority of GP have the degrees which are under the Junior College or Technical Secondary School and their proportions are 59.31% and 27

  2. 安徽省冬小麦品种生态气候适宜性分析和精细化区划%Analyzing and Zoning of the Eco-climate Suitability on Winter Wheat Varieties in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓群; 张宏群; 吴文玉; 戚尚恩; 陈晓艺

    2012-01-01

    利用安徽省78个气象站1971 - 2000年冬小麦生长阶段气象资料和地理信息,选取影响冬小麦品种分布和生长的主要气象因子建立区划指标,采用多元回归模型和GIS空间内插技术对指标要素栅格化,并通过温度和水分两级指标,形成千米网格的安徽省冬小麦品种生态气候适宜性精细化区划图,用安徽省耕地数据掩膜(mask)得到相应耕地意义的区划分布图,并进行分区评述.结果表明,以气温和降水为指标,可将安徽省冬小麦品种的生态气候适宜性划分为5大区11个亚区,分区结果能反映气候变暖背景下安徽省冬小麦生态气候适宜性的分布特点以及各区域温度适宜性和水分适宜性的差异.因冬季气温的南北差异,安徽省适宜种植的冬小麦品种自北向南冬性程度降低.冬小麦生产中的主要问题是水分失衡,北部水分不足,南部过多,制约了稳产高产.根据区划结果,应增强北部冬小麦主产区的抗旱能力,适当扩大沿淮和江淮丘陵北部地区半冬性品种种植面积,尽量压缩南部地区冬小麦种植面积,以全面提高安徽省冬小麦生产水平.%Based on the meteorological data during the growing season of winter wheat in 78 weather stations in 1971 -2000 and geographical information of Anhui province, the different eco-climate suitable planting area of winter wheat varieties were analyzed and divided. The zoning index system was constructed by selecting main meteorological factors affecting the distribution and growth of winter wheat varieties. The digital maps of the zoning factors were formed by applying regression analysis combined with spatial grid interpolation. By two levels indices of the temperature factor and precipitation ones, the distributioti maps of the eco-climate suitable planting areas of winter wheat with the scale of kilometer per grid were formed, and then covered with farmland digital mask, the zoning map of winter wheat

  3. 安徽省留守青少年生活满意度自评结果分析%Self-rating results of on the mental health among left-behind adolescent in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康耀文; 姚应水; 金岳龙; 陈燕; 龚伟志; 郑丽; 安洲

    2012-01-01

    目的 描述安徽省不同类型留守青少年生活满意度的差异,为促进留守青少年身心健康发展提供参考依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,抽取皖南、皖北城乡普通中学7所,获得样本3421名,其中留守青少年682名.应用中文版多维学生生活满意度量表( MSLSS - CV)对研究对象的一般情况和生活满意度进行测评.结果 10 -17岁青少年的留守率为19.94%;留守青少年对生活的满意度低于非留守青少年,差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.01).留守女生对自己的满意度低于男生(P<0.05);留守高中生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于初中生(P值均<0.01);农村留守中学生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于城镇(P值均<0.01);非独生子女留守中学生对朋友、学校、生活环境和自己的满意度均低于独生子女(P值均<0.01);父母外出类型不同的留守青少年对生活的满意度差异无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).绪论 安徽省留守青少年对生活的满意度低于非留守青少年,留守青少年中的女生、高年级学生、非独生子女以及家庭所在地为农村的留守青少年生活满意度相对较低.%Objective By exploring the life satisfaction of the unattended adolescents in Anhui province, this study aimed at investigating the status of life satisfaction and related mental health improvement of this population. Methods By using stratified cluster sampling method, investigation wag conducted among 3 421 subjects, in which 682 were unattended adolescents, from 7 middle schools in both south and north Anhui province MSLSS - CV was used to assess the general condition and status of life satisfaction in the adolescents. Results In the population aged 10 to 18 in Anhui province, 19.94% of them were unattended adolescents and were found with low life satisfaction, which showed statistical difference(P < 0.01). As for the life

  4. SHRIMP U-Pb Dating of Zircons of a Dark Eclogite and a Garnet-bearing Gneissic Granitic Rock from Bixiling, EasternDabie Area, Anhui Province: Isotope Chronological Evidence of Neoproterozoic UHP Metamorphism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The paper reports SHRIMP U-Pb zircon data of a dark eclogite and a post-eclogite garnet-bearing gneissic granitic rock from the Bixiling area, Yuexi County, Anhui Province, in the eastern Dabie Mountains. The eclogite, which is metamorphosed basic tuff, contains very scarce zircons in omphacite or garnet, but more zircons in quartz. They usually exhibit a double-layered texture, as shown clearly in cathodoluminescence images. Their inner main parts give a206 Pb/238U age of 757±7Ma, representing the approximate age of the high-pressure (HP)-ultrahighpressure (UHP) metamorphic event duing which the eclogite was formed. The outer peripheral parts of the zircons,which have been modified by late-stage fluids, give an age of 223±3 Ma. The granitic rock contains more zircons of anatectic origin found mostly in feldspar and quartz and usually also showing a similar composite texture. The inner main parts of the anatectic zircons with oscillatory zoning give a 206Pb/238U age of 727±15Ma for the approximate age of the emplacement of the granitic rock, and their outer parts, an age of 219±3 Ma for a similar or even the same fluid event. It is thus suggested that the HP-UHP metamorphism of the Bixiling eclogite facies rocks took place during the Neoproterozoic Jinningian,and the Indosinian age values may only represent a late event in the nature of fluid activity.

  5. Investigation and Analysis on the Employment Situation of Academic Graduates of Physical Education in Anhui Province%安徽省学术型体育硕士研究生就业现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柏辰; 胡振东

    2016-01-01

    运用文献资料法、调查法、数理统计法对安徽省学术型体育硕士研究生的就业现状进行调查与分析。结果表明:安徽省学术型体育硕士研究生以中小学为主要就业流向,培养与社会需求存在一定的供需矛盾,课程设置不能适应就业的需要;通过学校、社会和研究生自身三方面对促进研究生就业提供建议。%This paper conducts researches on the employment status of physical education academic masters using the methods of literature, investigation, and mathematical statistics. The results show that: Many postgraduates in Anhui province find jobs in elementary and secondary schools. And there is an imbalance between the college professional cultivation and market demand because with the things learned at school students can not meet the job requirements. The author purposes to provide some suggestion on the employment from the perspective of school, society and the students themselves.

  6. The Feasibility of Karate Carried out in Colleges in Anhui Province%空手道运动在安徽省高校开展的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆珍

    2012-01-01

    Through using the method of literature,the paper discusses the karate movement development status in Anhui province,combined with college sports curriculum reform,to make karate responsive to college students fitness needs,help students perfect personality,enhancement with standing setback and the ability to adapt to the environment.It will play a positive role in promoting the quality education of college students and their lifelong physical exercise.%文章运用文献资料研究方法对安徽省高校空手道运动发展状况进行论述,结合高校体育课程改革的契机,使空手道运动顺应大学生健身需求,帮助大学生健全人格、增强承受挫折和适应环境的能力,对大学生的素质教育和终身体育锻炼都会起到积极的促进作用。

  7. Urban Rural Integration in Underdeveloped Regions of Anhui Province: Susong County Example%安徽欠发达地区城乡统筹发展路径探讨——以宿松县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄闯

    2011-01-01

    Urban rural integration is the essential development path for coordinate development in underdeveloped regions. Susong County is one of the urban-rural planning experimental counties in Anhui province. It shall follow a complete transformation development path, including regional, industrial, urban image, urban space transformations, and promote integrate regional, urban-rural, infrastructure, and public service development.%城乡统筹是我国欠发达地区促进经济、社会和环境协调发展的必由之路.不同的城市和地区应在立足自身发展情况的基础上,合理选择城乡统筹发展的路径.作为安徽省统筹城乡全域规划试点县之一的宿松县,应坚持以"全面转型"为主线,以引导区域转型、产业转型、发展路径转型、城市形象转型和城乡空间转型为战略路径,促进宿松县区域协调、城乡统筹发展,推动城乡空间、产业布局、基础设施、公共服务等的一体化发展.

  8. 安徽省蚌埠市医生群体健身现状及对策研究%Research on the Doctors GroupFitness in Bengbu of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁永胜; 宋超

    2015-01-01

    本文运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法,以安徽省蚌埠市医生群体健身状况为研究对象,通过对医生群体的年龄、性别、学历、体检、认知、健身参与度等情况进行分析,全面了解蚌埠市医生群体的健身现状,并在此基础上提出一些建议。%In this paper , using the method of documentary , expert interview , questionnaire investigation , taking the doctorsgroup fitness condition in Bengbu ofAnhui province as the research object , through the analy-sis of age, gender, education, physical examination , cognitive, and fitness participation of doctors group , we can comprehensively understandthe present fitness situation of doctors group , and put forward some sugges-tions.

  9. Benefit Analysis of Environment Investment in Jianghuai Areas of Anhui Province%安徽省江淮地区环境投资效益分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙晶晶

    2014-01-01

    指出了资源与环境是人类赖以生存的基本条件,但随着人口激增和经济发展,资源匮乏与环境污染问题越来越严重。以安徽省江淮地区为对象,在大量缜密调查数据的基础上进行了分析评估,提出了污染防治与生态保护对策。%Resources and environment are the basic conditions for human survival ,but along with the population increase and economic development ,lack of resources and environmental pollution problems are becoming more and more serious .Taking the Jianghuai Areas of Anhui Province which are located between the Yangtze River and Huai River as the object ,this article analyzes the situations of environmental protection and evaluates the environmental investment benefits based on a large amount of investigation data ,and proposes countermeasure for pollution control and ecological protection .

  10. On the Status and Development of Small and Medium Pharmaceutical Enterprises in Anhui Province%浅析安徽省中小型药品经营企业的现状及发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王影

    2014-01-01

    目前,我省中小型药品经营企业受自身管理不善、医药政策改革、“安徽模式”基本药物配送的多重影响,发展状况不容乐观。面对如此恶劣、严峻的市场经济大环境,企业该如何尽最大能力整合自身资源,积极寻求更好的发展之路,成为了相关从业人员需要思考的问题。%At present, the province of small and medium enterprises by the poor themselves drug administration, pharmaceutical policy reform, multiple effects,“Anhui model”distribution of essential drugs, the development of the situation is not optimistic. Faced with this harsh, tough market economic environment, companies how to make the greatest ability to integrate their own resources, and actively seek better development, has become a relevant practitioners need to think about.

  11. 安徽不同区域林农复合经营发展现状与对策%Development Situations of Agroforestry Management and Coping Strategies in Different Regions of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文在实地调查和资料收集基础上,论述了安徽不同区域林农复合经营发展现状及有效模式,详尽分析了其发展过程中存在可行性、可持续、规模化、产业化、市场风险、技术研究、技术培训、资金来源以及基础建设等问题,有针对性地提出了科学规划、政府扶持、系统研究以及资金筹集等方面的对策,旨在为林农复合经营又好又快发展提供参考。%Based on the field investigation and data retrieval and collection,the development situations and effective patterns of agroforestry management in different regions of Anhui Province were discoursed. The issues in the development of agroforestry management including feasibility, sustainability, scale, industrialization, market risk, technical research and training, source of fund and infrastructure were analyzed in detail. Targeted coping strategies in the aspects of scientific planning,government support,systematic research and fund raising were put forward to provide reference for good and fast development of agroforestry management.

  12. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  13. On the Phonetic System of Dingxiang Dialect of Shitai County in Anhui Province%安徽石台丁香话音系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淑萍

    2012-01-01

    Dingxiang dialect of Shitai County in Anhui belongs to Jiangxi dialect in Huaiyue region.The paper analyzes and describes its phonetic system,summarizes the phonological features,discusses the high and level tones of frequently used oral ancient words of the completely voiced rising tone,falling tone,and the fourth tone in Chinese pronunciation.Dingxiang dialect is also characterized by the mixture of Jiangxi dialect and Jianghuai mandarin Language.The paper is of reference value to the study of Jiangxi dialect.%安徽石台丁香话属赣语怀岳片,分析描写丁香话的音系,概括其声韵调的特点,讨论古全浊上声、浊去、全浊入声口语常用字归阴平现象及丁香话具有赣语、江淮官话混合的特点,对赣语研究具有一定参考价值。

  14. 安徽上市公司综合业绩实证分析%Comprehensive Performance Evaluation of Listed Companies in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏雪峰

    2011-01-01

    Comprehensive performance evaluation of listed companies can be constructed in aspects of profitability,solvency,growth ability and operating capacity.With aid of factor analysis method and statistical software SPSS17,the statistical analysis on corresponding financial indicators of 50 Anhui listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges in 2010 can objectively reflect their comprehensive performance to some extent.%上市公司综合业绩评价体系可从盈利能力、偿债能力、成长能力、营运能力等四个方面进行构建。采用因子分析法,运用SPSS17统计软件,对2010年沪深股市50家安徽上市公司的相应财务指标进行数理统计分析,可以较客观地反映它们的综合业绩。

  15. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  16. Environmental consequences of rapid urbanization in zhejiang province, East china.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xuchao; Yue, Wenze; Xu, Honghui; Wu, Jingsheng; He, Yue

    2014-07-11

    Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  17. 安徽省公办新建本科高校学生资助体系存在的问题及对策%The problems and countermeasures on student assistance system of newly-founded public undergraduate colleges in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳; 蔡红; 张雁凌

    2015-01-01

    因历史和现实原因,安徽省公办新建本科高校在筹集社会资金能力、贫困生助学、以及对贫困学生隐私保护方面存在系列问题,都亟待进一步完善。文章结合我国资助实际情况,提出政府在政策上予以倾斜;学校优化自身资助资金,积极开拓校外岗位;国家进一步完善统一的学生资助系统;学校提升贫困学生隐私保护意识等对策,以帮助政府进一步完善高校学生资助体系。%Due to historical and practical reasons, newly-founded public undergraduate colleges in Anhui province have a series of problems in social fund raising, impoverished students' grant-in-aid assistance, privacy protection for impoverished students, etc, which needs to be improved urgently. Combining the realities of student assistance system of China's colleges, the article puts forward a series of countermeasures to help the government perfect student assistance system. The government should further improve unified student assistance system and give relevant preferential policies to it. Colleges should optimize the use of assisting funds, creating outside jobs actively, raising awareness of protecting impoverished students' privacy, etc.

  18. Method research of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning and its application over Anhui province%雷电灾害风险区划方法研究及其在安徽省的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程向阳; 谢五三; 王凯; 田红

    2012-01-01

    Under the guideline of the natural disaster system theory and assessment of natural disaster risk theory, using meteorological, geo-information, social and economic, thunder and lightning disaster data, combined with statistical method, disaster analysis and expert evaluation method, this paper aims at the method of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning, and establishes the quantitative relation between the assessment indexes and the risk zoning of thunder and lightning, based on the GIS platform, considering the disaster-inducing factors, environment of breeding disasters and hazard-bearing bodies. In this way, the paper formulates a relatively complete technology system of the risk zoning of thunder and lightning which deserves being popularized. The results of risk zoning in Anhui province show that the high risk of thunder and lighting is mainly located in cities with relatively higher economic level as well as the mountainous regions with higher altitude above the sea in the south of Anhui, while the low risk is mainly located in Huaibei area.%本文根据自然灾害系统理论和自然灾害风险评估理论,利用气象资料、地理信息数据、社会经济数据以及雷电灾情等数据,采用统计方法、灾情解析、专家打分等方法,从致灾因子、孕灾环境、承灾体方面,研究雷电灾害风险评估及区划方法,建立起评价指标与风险评估的定量关系,形成了较完整的雷电灾害风险评估及区划技术方法体系,具有很好的应用推广价值.对安徽省雷电灾害风险区划表明:高风险区主要位于经济水平较高的城市以及皖南山区高海拔地区,而低风险区主要位于淮北地区,与灾情验证情况吻合.

  19. 安徽省税种结构变动的经济增长效应%The Effect of Tax Structure Change on Economic Growth of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤高婷

    2014-01-01

    根据安徽省1994年—2012年的样本数据,运用Cobb-Douglas生产函数理论模型,对税种结构变动与经济增长关系进行实证分析。结果表明:增值税占总税收比重的增加会降低人均生产总值,营业税、企业所得税、个人所得税、农业各税占总税收比重的增加会提高人均生产总值,资源税的经济效应不显著。因此,应该进一步优化现行税制结构:有序推进“营改增”,完善中央与地方的税收分享体制;提高所得税的比重,增强其收入再分配作用;加快推进资源税改革,促进经济可持续发展;适度调节农业各税,培育农村大市场。%This paper, using Cobb-Douglas production function, makes an empirical analysis of the relationship be-tween tax structure change and economic growth based on the data of Anhui province from 1994 to 2012 . The re-sults show that the growth of the share of value-added tax will reduce output per capita;the growth of the share of business tax, corporate income tax, individual income tax and agricultural tax will raise the output per capita;the economic effects of resource tax are not significant. Therefore, Anhui needs to further improve tax system, change business tax to value-added tax orderly, improve the sharing system of tax income between central government and local government, increase the proportion of income tax and strengthen its effect of income redistribution, accelerate the reform of resource tax, and adjust agricultural tax appropriately and cultivate rural market.

  20. A RESEARCH ON DYNAMIC INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE POLLUTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF ANHUI PROVINCE%安徽省经济增长与环境污染的动态作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    This paper establishes Vector Autoregression model(VAR) based on the data of economic growth during 1990-2013 in Anhui,as well as the environmental pollution indicators including industrial waste water, waste residue and waste gas. Re-searches are launched on the dynamic interactions between economic growth and environmental pollution according to the anal-ysis of impulse response and variance decomposition. The results are as follows: the economic growth of Anhui province mainly depends on the factories which produce air-borne emissions and industrial waste water; economic growth has greater influence on environmental pollution, whereas environmental pollution exerts less influence on economic growth; environmental pollution can propel economic progress only in the short term, of which development pattern is not sustainable and is prone to form a vi-cious cycle of environmental devastation; environmental protection, punishing pollution and economic growth are not non-zero-sum game, but mutually reinforcing.%文章基于安徽省1990-2013年的经济增长数据以及工业“三废”的排放量等环境污染指标,建立了向量自回归(VAR)模型。利用脉冲响应分析以及方差分解技术分析方法来研究经济增长与环境污染之间动态作用机制。结果显示:安徽省经济增长主要依赖于产生工业废气和废水的企业;经济增长对环境污染的解释力较强,而环境污染对经济增长的解释力相对较弱;环境污染对经济增长的推动只能在短期起作用,这种发展模式是不可持续的,并且会形成破坏环境的恶性循环;保护环境、惩治污染与经济增长并非是零和博弈,而是可以相互促进的。

  1. Diseases and treatment reported by shrimp and tilapia farmers in Guangdong Province, China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Kang; Liu, Liping; Clausen, Jesper Hedegaard;

    Guangdong province is the most important region for tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) culture in China that meet demands from both national consumers and export markets. However, the intensified production has brought increased disease problems, antibiotics and other...

  2. A Cross-sectional Study Assessing Predictors of Essential Medicines Prescribing Behavior Based on Information-motivation-behavioral Skills Model among County Hospitals in Anhui, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun-Wu Zhao; Jing-Ya Wu; Heng Wang; Nian-Nian Li; Cheng Bian; Shu-Man Xu; Peng Li

    2015-01-01

    Background:The self-consciousness and practicality of preferentially prescribed essential medicines (EMs) are not high enough in county hospitals.The purposes of this study were to use the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model to identify the predictors of essential medicines prescribing behavior (EMPB) among doctors and to examine the association between demographic variables,IMB,and EMPB.Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess predictive relationships among demographic variables and IMB model variables using an anonymous questionnaire administered in nine county hospitals of Anhui province.A structural equation model was constructed for the IMB model to test the instruments using analysis of moment structures 17.0.Results:A total of 732 participants completed the survey.The average age of the participants was 37.7 ± 8.9 years old (range:22-67 years old).The correct rate of information was 90.64%.The average scores of the motivation and behavioral skills were 45.46 ± 7.34 (hundred mark system:75.77) and 19.92 ± 3.44 (hundred mark system:79.68),respectively.Approximately half(50.8%) of respondents reported that the proportion of EM prescription was below 60%.The final revised model indicated a good fit to the data (x2/df=4.146,goodness of fit index =0.948,comparative fit index =0.938,root mean square error of approximation =0.066).More work experience (β =0.153,P < 0.001) and behavioral skills (β =0.449,P < 0.001) predicted more EMPB.Higher income predicted less information (β =-0.197,P < 0.001) and motivation (β =-0.204,P < 0.001).Behavioral skills were positively predicted by information (β =0.135,P < 0.001) and motivation (β =0.742,P < 0.001).Conclusion:The present study predicted some factors of EMPB,and specified the relationships among the model variables.The utilization rate of EM was not high enough.Motivation and behavior skills were crucial factors affecting EMPB.The influence of demographic

  3. 新医改形势下安徽省县级综合性公立医院发展能力分析%Analysis on dvelopment ability of county level public hospitals under new health care reform in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉华; 丁宏; 周成红; 叶腾飞; 童小云

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze development capacity and trend of general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province , to provided decision-marking reference for public hospital reform policy optimization.Methods 59 general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province which had complete financial data in 2007-2013 was selected as the research sample , analyzed the changes and trends of hospitals average net assets growth rate and medical income growth rate .Results From 2007 to 2013, general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province hospitals average annual net assets growth rate was 21.9%, while declining year-on-year.And hospitals average annual medical income growth rate was 21.36%, year-on-year growth was on the decline .Average net assets and medical income of northern Anhui hospitals were significantly higher than middle and southern part of Anhui province .Conclusions General public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province net assets scale increased year by year , to enhance development potential .Medical income increased year by year , constantly improve the service supply ability .Development speed differences between regions , the net assets and the medical income of northern Anhui grow faster .%目的:分析安徽省县级综合性公立医院发展能力及趋势,为公立医院改革政策优化提供决策参考。方法获取2007—2013年度财务数据完整的安徽省59家县级综合性公立医院为研究样本,分析院均净资产增长率及医疗业务收入增长率变化与趋势。结果2007—2013年间,全省县级综合性公立医院院均净资产年平均增长速度为21.9%,环比增长率呈下降趋势;院均医疗收入年平均增长速度为21.36%,环比增长率呈下降趋势;皖北地区院均净资产和医疗医务收入环比增长率均明显高于皖中和皖南地区。结论安徽省县级综合性公立医院净资产规模逐年增长,发展潜力

  4. 基于动态计量分析的安徽省信贷投入与经济增长研究%The Research of Credit Investment and Economic Growth in Anhui Province Based on Dynamic Econometric Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊丽

    2013-01-01

    以安徽省1992-2012年的信贷投入与经济增长数据为依据,利用动态计量经济学实证分析方法,来研究安徽省信贷投入与经济增长的关系。结果显示安徽省信贷投入与经济增长长期均衡,信贷投入存量对经济增长具有持久的促进作用。信贷扩张促进了经济的发展,但这种促进作用在增量上并不显著。而经济增长对信贷投入的促进作用则是从增量调整进行到存量调整的,在滞后前两期时,经济增长存量对信贷支出的作用并不显著,但是经济增长增量对信贷支出增长有显著的促进作用,在滞后两期之后经济增长存量对信贷支出的促进作用才体现。最后,根据检验结果提出了相应的政策建议,以使信贷政策能够更好的为经济发展服务。%As the basis of 1992-2012 years of credit investment and economic growth data in Anhui Province, this paper uses some dynamic econometric analysis measurements, such as unit root test, cointegration test, Vector error correction model,Granger (Granger) causality, VAR model, impulse response functions and variance decomposition, and so on to study the relationship between Anhui credit investment and economic growth. The results show that the credit investment and economic growth in Anhui have long-term equilibrium, the stock of credit investment promotes economic growth with long-lasting effects, the role of credit expansion in promoting the economy gradually has increased, but not significant in incremental. The effect that economic growth promotes the credit investment is from the incremental adjustments to inventory adjustments. In the lag time before the two, the effect that economic growth stock promotes the credit investment stock is not significant, but that of growth is significant. After the two lag , the role that stocks of economic growth promotes credit expenditure reflects. Finally, according to the test results, the paper puts

  5. A Case Study of a Joint Virtual Reference Network in Jiangsu Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing Wang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the development of a collaborative digital reference service in Jiangsu Province, China. 13 city and 6 county libraries have participated in the Joint Reference Network of Public Libraries in Jiangsu Province hosted by Nanjing Library.

  6. Study on Cultivated Land Resource Security and Strategy in Anhui Province%安徽省耕地资源安全保障与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何蓓蓓; 何兵

    2011-01-01

    本文在界定耕地资源安全概念的基础上,对安徽省耕地资源安全现状进行分析,并引入耕地质量折算方法,从耕地资源安全需求与供给两个方面,更为科学地预测2020年全省的耕地资源安全态势.研究结果表明,到2020年质量折算后的耕地供给量约为574.19万hm2,高于预测的耕地安全需求量(551.54万hm2)近26万hm2,理论上尚可保障耕地资源安全,但实际仍面临很大的压力.最后,针对目前存在的问题提出对策建议.%Based on the definition of the concept for cultivated land resources security, the paper research on status of cultivated land resource security in Anhui. From demand and supply, in the research, the paper gives a more scientific prediction for security of cultivate land resources in 2020 by introducing the quality of cultivated land conversion method. The results show that by 2020, the cultivated land security supply is 5741900 hm2, more than forecast demand for cultivated land security (5515400 hm2) nearly 260000hm2. In theory, cultivate land resource security can be protected,but in fact, cultivate land security still faces significant pressure. In the end, the measure is proposed for the present problems in this paper.

  7. Research on the Development of Regional Geological and Mineral Economy in Anhui Province%安徽省区域地矿经济发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙中义; 程建

    2013-01-01

      区域地矿经济研究能将资源经济学与区域经济学等相关理论结合起来,对利用矿产资源促进区域经济发展,提升找矿突破战略内涵具有重要意义。区域地矿经济通过拉动和推动的双重作用能直接促进和保障区域经济社会全面、协调和可持续发展。在发展安徽省区域地矿经济策略上应加大投入,夯实基础,打造地矿经济产业链,合理分配资源和进行产业布局,同时做好环境治理,走低碳发展之路。%The research on regional geological and mineral economy can integrate resource economics with regional economics and other relevant theories, which is important for utilization of mineral resources to promote the regional economic development, and improving the strategic connotation of prospecting breakthrough. This paper points out that regional geological and mineral economy can directly promote and ensure regional economic and social comprehensive coordination and sustainable development through both the tensile and impulse action. On this basis, this paper offers some methods for the development of Anhui regional geological and mineral economy: increasing input, reinforcing the foundation, making geological mining economy industrial chain, allocating appropriate resources and carrying out industrial layout, at the same time, completing the environment management and taking the road of low-carbon development.

  8. Characterizing wetland change at landscape scale in Jiangsu Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Chi; Sheng, Sheng; Zhou, Wen; Cui, Lijuan; Liu, Maosong

    2011-08-01

    Human activities produced great impacts on wetlands worldwide. Taking Jiangsu Province, China, as a representative wetland region subject to extensive human activities, the aim of this study is to understand the conversion trajectory and spatial differentiation in wetland change from a multi-scale perspective. Based on multi-temporal Landsat images, it was found that the natural wetlands decreased by 11.2% from 1990 to 2006 in Jiangsu Province. Transition matrices showed that the conversion of natural wetlands to human-made wetlands (mostly aquaculture ponds) was the major form of natural wetland reduction, accounting for over 60% of the reduction. Percentage reduction and area reduc tion of natural wetlands were respectively quantified within different wetland cover zones using a moving window analysis. Average percentage reduction showed a decreasing tendency with increasing wetland cover. The high-cover and mid-cover zone presented the largest area reduction at the scales of 1-2 km and 4-8 km, respectively. Local hotspots of natural wetland reduction were mapped using the equal-interval and quantile classification schemes. The hotspots were mostly concentrated in the Lixiahe marshes and the coastal wetland areas. For the area reduction hotspots, the quantile classification presented larger area and more patches than the equal-interval classification; while an opposite result was shown for the percentage reduction hotspots. With respect to the discontinuous distribution of the natural wetlands, area reduction could be more appropriate to represent reduction hotspots than percentage reduction in the study area. These findings could have useful implications to wetland conservation.

  9. Evalution and Influencing Factors of the Technological Innovation Efficiency of Small and Medium Enterprises in Anhui Province%安徽省中小企业技术创新效率的评价及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏峰; 江永红

    2012-01-01

    Technological innovation is the basis and prerequisite of corporates' survival and development, and the technological innovation efficiency (TIE) embodies the level of technological innovation capability. Based on the BCC model of Super-DEA method and the data from the second R&D resources research of Anhui province in 2010, this article studies the TIE of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Anhui province. The empirical results show; Both the regional and the industrial TIE means of SME are bigger than the large enterprises' in Anhui province, so it has big development potential; Hefei, Wuhu, Huaibei, and the Lu'an city's TIE of SMEs are on the production edge among 17 cities of Anhui province, and the Leather, Furs, Down and Related Products industry, the Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products industry and the Transport Equipment industry's TIE of SME are on the production edge a-mong 18 industries of Anhui province; TIE of SMEs has no obvious effect on economic bpnefjf, so the level of transferring scientific and technological achievements into productivity should be further improved; Promoting the exchange and cooperation among industries, u-niversities and research institutions, consolidating and strengthening the enterprises' technology innovation and reducing or eliminating the information asymmetry between government and SMEs are useful to improve the level of TIE of SMEs in Anhui province.%本文对安徽省中小企业的地区和行业技术创新效率进行了实证研究.结果表明:安徽省中小企业的地区和行业技术创新效率均值均超过大型企业,发展潜力巨大;中小企业在安徽省17个地市中的技术创新效率位于生产前沿面的地区是合肥市、芜湖市、淮北市和六安市,在18个行业中技术创新效率位于生产前沿面的行业是皮革毛皮羽毛制品业、化学原料及化学制品业和交通运输设备制造业;技术创新效率对经济效益的提升作用尚未凸显,

  10. 基于公路客流趋势的省域城市间关系与结构研究——以安徽省为例%Intercity Relationship and Structure of Anhui Province from the Perspective of Passenger Flow of Coach Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗震东; 何鹤鸣; 韦江绿

    2012-01-01

    The analysis on intercity relationship and regional spatial structure from the perspective of passenger flow of long-distance coach travel is an important approach to provincial spatial structure studies.Daily passenger flow of long-distance coach travel is a significant part of passenger flow among cities which can reflect functional intercity relationships and reveal the inner-provincial spatial relationship clearly.Based on the daily passenger flow of long-distance coach travel,in this article,Anhui Province is taken as an example.The characteristics of intercity relationships and spatial structure of Anhui Province is explored.To examine the characteristics of intercity relationships and spatial structure of Anhui Province,the research data are analyzed from two aspects.1) The intensify characteristics of the intercity passenger flow.Passenger flow is graded according to the numerical size,then the passenger characteristics of traffic flow in different regions are analyzed in this article,especially focusing on relationships between the provincial capital(Hefei) and other cities in this province.2) The structural characteristics of intercity passenger flow.According to directions of the largest passenger flow and the second largest passenger flow,the overall trend and spatial structure of the daily population movements among cities are analyzed,and the provincial nodes in the urban network from the perspective of topological characteristics and the flow strength on the city level are examined in this article.The conclusions are as follows: 1) On the whole,Anhui Province presents a mono-center structure,and the inter-regional links between cities are relatively weak except the center city(Hefei);Hefei affects and maintains frequent contact with Chaohu directly,Lu'an and Huainan.There seems to be a high possibility that these three cities would become a major part of the metropolitan area of Hefei,the economic center and capital of Anhui Province.2) Wuhu

  11. Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Gansu province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Li-li; ZHU Bing-dong; SI Hong-yan; MU Tao-jun; FAN Wen-bing; WANG Jing; JIANG Wei-min; LI Qing; YANG Biao; ZHANG Ying

    2012-01-01

    Background Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) and Beijing family typing based on detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence are two common genotyping methods used to study the molecular epidemiologic characteristics of Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis.We collected 218 strains of M.tuberculosis between 2004 and 2006 in the Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu province in Northwest China.Methods MIRU-VNTR analysis and Beijing family typing based on detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence were used to type the 218 strains,and their typing power was evaluated to look for practical and efficient genotyping methods suitable for the region.Results The MIRU typing yielded 115 distinct genotypes,including 98 unique isolates and 17 different clusters containing 120 isolates (55.05%); the cluster rate was 47.25%.By detecting the deletion of RD105 sequence,188 of 218 (86.23%) isolates belonged to Beijing family.Combination of Beijing family typing and MIRU typing yielded 118 distinct patterns,including 101 unique isolates and 17 clusters containing 117 isolates (54.13%).The largest cluster contained 58 strains with MIRU genotype of 223325173533 which contained 50 strains belonging to Beijing family and 8 strains belonging to non-Beijing family.Conclusions The Beijing family strains occupied a large proportion and the Beijing family MIRU genotype 223325173533 is a dominant strain in Linxia of Gansu.Combining detecting the deletion of RD105 and MIRU typing together provides a simple,fast,and effective method which is low in cost and might be practical and suitable for M.tuberculosis genotyping in China.

  12. Analysis of the Current Situation and Predicament of Rural Old-age Support Supply in the Process of Urbanization--Evidence from Anhui Province%城镇化进程中农村养老供给现状及困境分析--以安徽为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙中锋; 吴晨

    2014-01-01

    Based on the prediction of the urbanization process of population and development trend of population aging in Anhui Province, and also the investigation of the current situation and demand of old-age care service in the 12 counties of Anhui Province, this paper analyzes the current situation and predicament of the following four endowment models in Anhui province i.e. family support, self-support, social endowment and government (community) support for the elderly. In order to solve the problems in rural old-age care service, it’s suggested in this paper that a integrative old-age service system should be constructed with the orientation of social endowment for the elderly from the aspects of supply entity, old-age care service, system guarantee and old-age support location etc.%基于对安徽省人口城镇化进程以及人口老龄化发展趋势的预测和全省12个县的养老需求和现状的调研,分析了家庭养老、自我养老、社会养老和政府(社区)养老这四种养老模式在安徽的现状及困境。提出了应对农村养老服务问题的建议,即:从养老供给主体、养老服务、制度保障和养老地点等方面着手,构建以社会养老为发展导向的复合型养老服务体系。

  13. Re-Os dating of Mo-bearing black shale of the Laoyaling deposit, Tongling, Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Gang; CHEN Jiangfeng; DU Andao; QU Wenjun; YU Gang

    2004-01-01

    Laoyaling is a typical stratiform deposit in the Tongling district and the molybdenum orebody is hosted by black shale of the Dalong Formation of the Upper Permian system. Eight black shale samples from the Laoyaling Mo orebody were dated by Re-Os technique using ICP-MS,which give an isochron age of 234.2±7.3 Ma with an initial 187Os/188Os ratio of 1.37±0.39. The apparent Re-Os age is a few million years younger than the depositional age of the Late Permian. The young isochron age may be caused by the later hydrothermal disturbance or mass fractionation during ICP-MS measurement. However, the obtained isochron age is close to the depositional age and far earlier than those of the Late Yanshanian intrusions. It suggests that the Mo ore of the Laoyaling deposit is sedimentary in origin and not related to the Late Yanshanian magmatism. Black shales of the Upper Permian are distributed widely in the Mid-Lower Yangtze region, our result is important for understanding the ore-forming processes in the region and broadens the exploration target.

  14. Geological and geochemical studies of the Shujiadian porphyry Cu deposit, Anhui Province, Eastern China: Implications for ore genesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shiwei; Zhou, Taofa; Yuan, Feng; Fan, Yu; White, Noel C.; Lin, Fengjie

    2015-05-01

    Most porphyry deposits in the world occur in magmatic arc settings and are related to subduction of oceanic plates. A small proportion of porphyry deposits occur in intracontinental settings, however they are still poorly understood. Shujiadian, a newly-discovered porphyry Cu deposit, is located in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Valley metallogenic belt and belongs to the intracontinental class. The deposit has classic alteration zones defined by a core of potassic alteration and local Ca-silicate alteration, which is overprinted by a feldspar-destructive alteration zone and cut by veins containing epidote and chlorite. Wallrocks of the deposit are unreactive quartz-rich sedimentary rocks. Three main paragenetic stages have been recognized based on petrographic observations; silicate stage, quartz-sulfide stage, and sulfide-carbonate stage. Quartz + pyrite + chalcopyrite ± molybdenite veins, and quartz + chalcopyrite + pyrite veins of the quartz-sulfide stage contribute most of the copper, and chalcopyrite + chlorite ± pyrite ± pyrrhotite ± quartz ± illite veins of the sulfide-carbonate stage also contribute part of the copper; all the mineralized veins are associated with feldspar-destructive alteration. Investigations on the fluid inclusions in Shujiadian indicate that the ore-forming fluids had four evolutionary episodes: immiscibility and overpressure in the silicate stage, boiling in the quartz-sulfide stage and mixing with meteoric water in the sulfide-carbonate stage. Sulfur and strontium isotope studies suggest that ore metals were mainly derived from magmatic-hydrothermal fluids, and combined with our study of fluid inclusions, we infer that decompression, changes in oxygen fugacity and sulfur content were the main factors that caused Cu precipitation. Compared with porphyry deposits in magmatic arc settings, there are some differences in the ore-bearing rock, alteration, and the composition of ore-forming fluids.

  15. Petrogenesis of the Mesozoic intrusive rocks in the Tongling area, Anhui Province, China and their constraint on geodynamic process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 许继峰; 赵振华; 熊小林; 包志伟

    2003-01-01

    Petrology, element and isotopic geochemistry of the Mesozoic intrusive rocks in the Tongling area were systematically investigated in this study. The intrusive rocks can be divided into two groups, one contains shoshonitic rocks with SiO2≤55%, the other consists mainly of high-potassic calc-alkaline rocks with SiO2>55%. The shoshonitic rocks (SiO2≤55%) were generated by the fractional crystallization of the primary basaltic magma sourced from an enriched mantle, then the evolved basaltic magma likely experienced low-degree contamination with the lower crust materials when they ascended. On the other hand, although the intrusive rocks with SiO2>55% show most elemental geochemical characteristics similar to an adakite, such as high Na2O, Al2O3, Sr contents, high Sr/Y and La/Yb ratios, they have isotopic compositions much different from an adakite, such as low εNd(t) (-9.16-16.55) and high (87Sr/86Sr)i(0.7068-0.7105), and some of them show relatively high Y and Yb contents than those of an adakite. We propose that the intrusive rocks with SiO2>55% were most probably produced by mixing of the mantle-derived basaltic magma and adakite-like magma derived from the melting of basaltic lower crust that was heated by the underplating mantle-derived shoshonitic magmas. The delamination of lower crust likely took place after or during the formation of these adakite-like rocks in the Tongling area.

  16. Silicate Adsorption in Paddy Soils of Guangdong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Li-Yuan; LI Hua-Xing; ZHANG Xin-Ming; LU Wei-Sheng; LIU Yuan-Jin

    2006-01-01

    Silicate adsorption in eight paddy soils developed from four different parent materials in Guangdong Province, China was examined to obtain fundamental knowledge of silicate adsorption to improve the efficacy of silicate fertilizer use in these areas. A correlation analysis showed that silicate adsorption did not obey the Langmuir equation (r = -0.664-0.301) but did obey the Freundlich and Temkin equations (P ≤ 0.01, r = 0.885-0.990). When the equilibrium silicate concentration (Ci) was less than 45 mg SiO2 kg-1, the adsorption capacity was in the following decreasing order of paddy soils: basalt-derived > Pearl River Delta sediment-derived > granite-derived > sand-shale-derived. Stepwise regression and path analysis showed that for the investigated paddy soils amorphous MnO and Al2O3 were the two most important materials that affected silicate adsorption. Moreover, as Ci increased, amorphous Al2O3 tended to play a more important role in silicate adsorption, while the effects of amorphous MnO on silicate adsorption tended to decrease.

  17. 安徽省2013年化妆品监督抽验结果分析%Analysis on Results of Test and Supervision for Cosmetic Samples in Anhui Province in 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽丹; 李祥胜; 王玲玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To supervise and inspect commercial cosmetics in Anhui Province which were claimed to have functions of whitening and freckle-removing and hair dying. Methods:According to Hygienic Standard for Cosmetics (2007 edition), Notice on Printing and Distributing Test Methods for Acrylamide in Cosmetics and Other Banned Substances or Restricted Substances (CFDA [2011] No. 96) and so on, contents of mercury, hydroquinone, phenol, and acrylamide in whitening and freckle-removing products were determined. According to the GB/T 24800.12 2009, the hair-dying products were tested for the content of m-phenylene diamine. The test results were statistically analyzed. Results:All hair-dying products were not detected to have m-phenylene diamine, the pass rate was 100%. Totally three batches of whitening and freckle-removing products were detected to have over-limit acrylamide contents, the pass rate was 92.5%, which deserved further attention. Conclusion:The overall results of supervision and inspection for commercial cosmetics for whitening and freckle-removing and hair dying in Anhui Province were good. However, cosmetic toxicity and mutagenicity should not be ignored. It is suggested to further strengthen the standard for basic research, and enhance operability of cosmetic safety testing methods.%目的:对安徽省市售宣称美白祛斑、染发类产品进行监督检验。方法:按照《化妆品卫生规范》(2007年版)、《关于印发化妆品中丙烯酰胺等禁用物质或限用物质检测方法的通知》(国食药监[2011]96号)等标准对美白/祛斑类产品检测汞、氢醌、苯酚、丙烯酰胺的含量;按照GB/T 24800.12-2009对染发类产品检验间苯二胺的含量;并对检测结果进行统计分析。结果:染发类产品均未检出间苯二胺,合格率为100%;3批美白/祛斑类产品中丙烯酰胺含量超标,产品合格率为92.5%,值得进一步关注。结论:安徽省市售美白祛斑、染

  18. 安徽省汉族女生月经初潮与肥胖度关系的研究%Study on the relationship between menarche and obesity in school girls of Han nationality in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐玲; 陶芳标; 朱鹏; 徐红; 赵玉秋; 王惠; 张悦; 周露

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省汉族女生月经初潮年龄变化情况及不同经济状况地区月经初潮年龄的差异并进一步分析月经初潮年龄与肥胖度的关系.方法:按照2010年全国中小学生体质调研的相关要求,采用分层随机抽样和随机整群抽样方法对安徽省南、北、中3个地区的城乡7~18岁中小学女生共6 840人进行调查,测量身高、体重、腰围、臀围及腹部、上臂、肩胛下皮褶厚度等指标,并对她们是否有月经初潮进行了问卷调查.结果:安徽省汉族女生半数月经初潮平均年龄为12.44岁,与往年相比呈现提前趋势.城乡女生半数月经初潮平均年龄分别为12.39及12.49岁.体质指数、腰高比及3个部位皮下脂肪厚度等指标的均值来潮组均大于未来潮组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:月经初潮年龄与体脂因素关系密切,呈现负相关;应该提前加强中小学生的性教育及让中小学生加强锻炼、控制饮食,减缓月经初潮年龄提前的长期趋势.%Objective: To understand the change of menarche age in school girls of Han nationality in Anhui province and the difference of age of menarche in them from areas with different economic conditions, and further analyze the relationship between menarche age and the degree of obesity. Methods: According to related requirements, stratified random sampling method and cluster random sampling method were used to survey 6 840 primary and middle school girls aged 7-18 years old from urban and rural areas in south, north, and central regions of Anhui province, body height, body weight, waist circumstance, hip circumstance, skin fold thicknesses of abdomen, upper arm, and subscapularis were measured, and a questionnaire was usod to survey whether they had menarche. Results: The mean menarche age of half of the school girls was 12. 44 years, showing a younger trend compared the data in the other years. The mean menarche ages of urban and rural girls

  19. 安徽省耐多药肺结核危险因素病例对照研究%Risk factors of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Anhui Province: A case-control study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余述凤; 梅晓冬; 阚晓宏; 方雪晖; 包训迪

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Anhui Province.Methods 83 patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis and 98 cured patients with non drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis were collected and analyzed with case-control study.Results Rural residence,junior high school education level and below,less family month income,migrant work,smoking,experience of adverse reactions of anti-tuberculosis drugs,history of repeated tuberculosis treatment,history of discontinuation or temporary interruption of anti-tuberculosis therapy,lung X ray image with multiple lesions or cavities when tuberculosis was diagnosed,and once first treatment failure were risk factors of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (all P < 0.05);equipped with tuberculosis knowledge or related medication taking principle popularization and sleeping time > 7 hours were protective factors (all P < 0.05).Conclusions The risk factors of multidrug-resistance tuberculosis in Anhui Province are various.Adequate tuberculosis education and sufficient sleep might be beneficial to the disease.%目的 探讨安徽省耐多药肺结核的危险因素.方法 采用病例对照研究方法,病例组为83名耐多药肺结核病人,对照组为98名已治愈的非耐药肺结核病人,以问卷调查形式收集资料.结果 居住地为农村、文化程度为初中及以下、家庭人均月收入少、外出务工、吸烟、服用抗结核药物产生不良反应、既往抗肺结核治疗次数多、既往有某个疗程中暂时停药或暂时中断治疗、首次确诊时X线检查肺内病灶多、空洞多、首次抗结核治疗效果未治愈都是耐多药肺结核的危险因素(均有P<0.05);病人接受过结核病知识以及治疗过程中有关服药原则的宣传和教育、>7h的睡眠时间是耐多药肺结核的保护因素(均有P<0.05).结论 导致安徽省耐多药肺结核发生的危险因素较多,适当的宣传教育和充

  20. 安徽淮北平原地下水动态变化研究%Study on the Groundwater Dynamic of the Huaibei Alluvial Plain in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巍巍; 王式成; 王根绪; 邓伟

    2009-01-01

    论文对安徽淮北地区69个地下水位站的1980-2006年平均地下水埋深资料进行分析,得出淮北地区多年平均地下水埋深2.33 m,1980-1990年各地下水年均埋深较浅、变幅较小,1990年以后地下水埋深变幅加大,且埋深有明显的加深趋势.研究认为淮北平原地下水动态虽然受降水量、蒸发量和人类活动等多种因素影响,但近些年来地下水的动态变化主要是人类活动影响的结果.这些人类活动包括地下水资源开发利用、土地利用、水利工程、农业节水灌溉措施等.其中过度开发利用地下水是导致安徽淮北平原地下水埋深下降、地下水资源减少的主要原因.适度开发利用地下水有利于淮北地区地下水的循环更新,但过度的开发利用,已造成平原北部开始出现严重的环境地质问题,应限制开采.%Huaibei alluvial plain lies in the middle reach of the Huaihe River basin and the main part of the plain is in Anhui Province. In this region, human activities are intense and water pollution is still serious, so people have to use much groundwater. This article analyzed the annual mean groundwater burying depth from 1980 to 2006 from 69 water table stations on Huaibei alluvial plain, Anhui Province. The authors concluded that multi-annual mean groundwater burying depth is 2.33 m in this region. The annual mean groundwater burying depth was shallow and changed little during the 1980s, but it changed greatly and was apparently deeper after 1990. Although groundwater dynamic is affected by precipitation, evaporation and human activities, the change was the result of human activities in recent years in Huaibei alluvial plain. These activities include groundwater exploitation, land use, hydraulic engineering and agriculture water-saving irrigation measure, and groundwater overexploitation was the main reason for water table decline and groundwater resource decrease. Moderate use of groundwater is

  1. 产AmpC酶肺炎克雷伯菌的耐药性及基因型研究%A study on resistance and genotypes of AmpC beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉林; 高帆; 张晓妮; 程君; 殷俊; 李家斌; 叶英

    2009-01-01

    Objective To identify the plasmid-mediated AmpC gene and to investigate its prevalence in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains i-solated in Anhui Province. Methods The AmpC-preducing isolates were chosen by cefoxitin and identified by the three-dimensional test. The plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamases were detected by multiplex PCR. The PCR products were directly sequenced and ana-lyzed. M-H agar dilution method was used to determine MIC of 17 antimicrobial agents against the AmpC positive isolates. Results Of the 180 strains,21 (11.67%) proved to be plasmid-mediated highly productive AmpC by DNA sequence test. Blast results indicated that the positive AmpC group was composed of 17 strains which carried DHA type and 4 strains which carried EBC type. DNA sequence analysis revealed three novel AmpC genotypes ( GenBank accession: FJ237366, FJ237367, and FJ237368 ). All AmpC positive isolates exhibited high resistance to the third or fourth generation cephalosporins,aminoglycosides,and quinolones. But all of them were suscep-tible to imipenem and meropenem. Conclusions The plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamases were found in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated in Anhui Province and DHA type was dominant. Moreover, three novel AmpC genotypes were identified. The carbapene-ms are recommended to treat the AmpC-preducing isolates.%目的 了解安徽地区产AmpC酶肺炎克雷伯菌的基因型特征及耐药性.方法 对180株肺炎克雷伯菌进行头孢西丁纸片法初筛,三维实验筛选高产AmpC酶茼,PCR扩增、测序和BLAST比对分析以确定AmpC基因型,琼脂稀释法检测耐药性.结果 产AmpC酶菌株有21株(11.67%),其中DHA型17株,EBC型4株.3株EBC型为新基因(gene bank登录号为FJ237366,FJ237367,FJ237368);药敏显示产酶株除对亚胺培南与美罗培南敏感外,对其他抗菌药物均有不同程度的耐药.结论 安徽地区产AmpC酶的肺炎克雷伯菌以DHA型为主,同时存在EBC型突变株.高产AmpC酶菌的感染推荐

  2. 安徽省贫困地区学龄儿童膳食营养状况影响因素研究%Study on the diet and nutritional status of rural school-aged children in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦峰; 仲立儒

    2012-01-01

    [目的]了解安徽省贫困地区学龄儿童膳食现况,寻找影响营养状况的原因,为进行营养干预措施提供科学依据. [方法]采取体格检查和问卷调查相结合的方法,对安徽省贫困地区学龄儿童膳食状况进行测量和调查.[结果]安徽省贫困地区学龄儿童营养不良率为81.7%,超重率为1.8%,多因素分析显示,营养不良与性别(OR=0.865,P=0.038)、年级和吃早餐的频率(OR=1.727,P=0.001)有关,超重与性别(OR=2.359,P=0.002)、父母未外出务工(OR=1.478,P=0.048)和年级有关. [结论]在安徽省贫困地区学龄儿童中营养不良情况非常普遍,应当积极开展营养健康教育,帮助学龄儿童获取营养基础知识、树立与合理营养有关的正确态度、培养健康的饮食行为.%[Objective]To investigate the diet and nutritional status of rural school-aged children in Anhui province, and to provide evidence for the dietary intervention. [Method] The nutritional status of the school-aged children were investigated by physical examination and questionnaire survey. [Results] The rate of malnutrition in rural school-aged children in Anhui Province was 81. 7%,the rate of overweight was 1. 8%. Multivariate analysis showed that malnutrition was related to the gender(OR = 0. 865, P=0. 038), grade and the frequency of eating breakfast (OR = 1. 727, P = 0. 001) (Overweight was related to the gender(OR = 2. 359,P = 0. 002),parents were not work outside(OR= 1. 478,P = 0. 048) and grade. [Conclusion] The status of malnutrition are really prevalent among the rural school-aged children,it is extremely necessary to strengthen the nutritional education for school-aged children,enhance pupils' knowledge level,build up a correct and reasonable attitude about nutrition,healthy eating behaviors.

  3. Mediator Analysis of Locus of Control and Subjective Well-being of Nursing Managers in Anhui Province%护理管理人员心理控制源及主观幸福感中介因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵江; 王维利; 张淼; 毕清泉; 章新琼

    2012-01-01

    目的 考察安徽省护理管理人员的心理控制源、应对方式和主观幸福感之间的关系,探讨护理管理人员心理控制源及主观幸福感的中介因素.方法 对151名安徽省护理管理人员进行了内控性、有势力的他人和机遇量表、简明应对方式问卷、总体幸福感量表的测量.结果 (1)内在控制与积极应对成正相关,心理控制源的机遇成分与消极应对得分呈正相关;(2)应对方式中的积极应对与主观幸福感得分呈显著正相关;(3)内控者与主观幸福感呈正相关,而认为由他人决定自己命运者与主观幸福感成负相关;(4)内控性与积极应对可以预测主观幸福感;(4)积极应对是心理控制源的内控性预测主观幸福感的中介变量.结论 内控者较常采取积极应对方式,其在心理控制源影响主观幸福感中发挥中介作用.%Objective To examine the relationship among locus of control, stress coping and subjective well-being of nursing managers in Anhui Province; and to explore mediator factors of mediator analysis of locus of control and subjective well-being of nursing managers. Methods 151 nursing managers in Anhui Province were measured with index of internal control, powerful others and chance questionnaire, simplified coping style questionnaire and general well-being schedule. Results (1) There was a significant positive correlation between internal control and positive coping style while chance was positively related to negative coping. (2) Positive coping style was positively related to subjective well-being. (3) There was a positive correlation between internal control and subjective well-being. Powerful others were negatively related to subjective well-being. (4) Positive coping style and internal control could predict the subjective well-being. (5) Positive coping was the mediator between the internal control and subjective well-being. Conclusion Internal control person was more likely to be positive

  4. Investigation on the serogroup (type) alternation of leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County, Anhui Province%安徽怀远县钩端螺旋体病流行菌群(型)更迭调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    花高荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the serogroup distribution and its changes of leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County, Anhui Province. Methods The serological, etiological and epidemiological method were used to monitor leptospirosis in Huaiyuan County from 2005 to 2010. Results Lcterohemorrhagiae group accounted for 92.75% among the normal infected population. The density and the infection rate of mice in autumn were higher than those in spring, and Apodemus agrarius accounted for 87.74%. Conclusion In Huanyuan County, the epidemic group of Lcterohemorrhagiae has changed from Promonia and Flood -type into Paddy field type, which indicates that investigation should be enforced to prevent the outbreak of leptospirosis.%目的 了解安徽怀远县钩端螺旋体病(以下简称野钩体病冶)流行的血清群分布及变化情况.方法 采用血清群、病-学、流行病学对2005 年~2010 年怀远县钩体病进行监测.结果 自然人群感染以黄疸出血群为主,占92.75%;鼠密度及带菌率秋季高于春季;黑线姬鼠占87.74%,均为黄疸出血群.结论 我县钩体病流行菌群为黄疸出血群,由洪水型、波摩那群更迭为稻田型黄疸出血群.今后应加强钩体病的调查研究,防止钩体病爆发流行.

  5. 安徽省中小企业人力资源悖论问题分析与对策%Human Resource Paradox Phenomena in SM Es in Anhui Province and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪良新

    2014-01-01

    中小企业吸纳人才数量众多,其人才开发力度和水平不仅关乎中小企业自身发展,对于提高劳动者素质、实施人才强国战略同样具有战略价值。当前,安徽省乃至全国中小企业人力资源存在“就业机器”与人才匮乏悖论、“人才孵化器”与人才培养不足悖论、“信奉理论”与“使用理论”偏差和人才流失与人才淤积二元并存等人力资源悖论现象,需要分析其原因并寻求解决办法。%Considering the large number of talented personnel in small and medium-sized enterprises (SM Es) ,the development degree and level of their human resource is important not only to the devel-opment of SM Es themselves ,but also to the improvement of labor quality and the implementation of the strategy of building up a strong country with the talents .At present ,there exist some human re-source paradox phenomena in SMEs in Anhui Province such as the paradox between “job machine”and talent shortage ,the paradox between“talent incubator”and insufficiency in talent cultivation ,the de-viation between“espoused theory”and“theory-in-use”and the coexistence between talent outflow and talent waste .In this paper ,the causes in this respect are analyzed and the countermeasures are put forward .

  6. Study on Strategies of Green Hotel Construction in Anhui Province in the Context of Low-carbon Economy%低碳经济背景下的安徽省绿色饭店建设策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范星宏; 周娟

    2013-01-01

    Developing low-carbon economy and constructing green hotel is not only the social responsibility that hotels should bear but also an inevitable trend for the development of the hotel industry.Taking Anhui province as an example,this paper analyzes the current situation and prospect of green hotel,explores the construction strategies of green hotel and proposes the consolidation of macro-policy-making as well as the implementation of government guidance.The paper also positively estab⁃lishes green concept,cultivates green enterprise culture,implements the training mechanism,reinforces green market foun⁃dation,and perfects technology innovation mechanism and spreads the concrete construction strategies in a micro level and finds a new way to development,so that the sustainable development of hotel industry can be realized.%  发展低碳经济,建设绿色饭店是当前饭店业必须承担的社会责任,也是饭店业发展的必然趋势。文章通过分析安徽省绿色饭店的建设现状、发展态势,探究安徽省绿色饭店的建设策略,提出加强宏观政策制定,发挥政府引导作用;积极树立绿色理念,培育绿色企业文化;落实培训机制,夯实绿色市场基础;完善科技创新机制,微观上全面推广,为实现安徽省饭店业的可持续发展寻求新的发展路径。

  7. On Rural Food Bank Operating Status, Existing Problems and Countermeasures in Anhui Province%安徽农村粮食银行运营现状、存在的问题及发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟光红

    2011-01-01

    Rural food bank, which was playing an increasingly important role in reducing farmer grain loss,solving farmer grain storage difficulty, beautifying rural populations living conditions, improving rural people life quality, which has been accelerated in recent years obviously in main grain producing area. The investigation discovered that rural food bank in Anhui Province in general exist many problems, such as smaller scale, lower credit, farmer at greater risk and so on. Currently, the key to solve this problem was to build a unified food bank organizational leadership and management system, regulating food bank operators; the establishment of rural food bank access system; implementation of food reserves for feed management systems; strengthening of risk management, the establishment of a risk reserve fund, catalytic households participating food banks.%农村粮食银行近年来在粮食主产区发展明显加快,并且在减少农户储粮损耗、解决农户储粮难题、美化农村居民居住环境、提高农村居民生活质量等方面发挥着越来越重要的作用.调查发现,安徽农村粮食银行普遍存在规模较小、信用较低、农户储粮风险较大等问题.当前,解决上述问题的关键在于构建统一的粮食银行组织领导与监管体系,规范粮食银行运营;建立农村粮食银行准入制度;实行存粮准备粮管理制度;加强风险管理,设立风险准备基金,加强农户参与粮食银行的愿意.

  8. 安徽省淮南市中学女子手球现状及对策研究%The present situation of Huainan City middle school of Anhui Province women's handball and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵晨晨

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, using the method of literature and questionnaire, the current situation of Huainan city middle school women's handball results, coaches age structure and educational structure is not reasonable, women's handball training efficiency is not high, source of funds is single, the lack of venues and equipment, fewer athletes competing capacity. Seek diversified funding sources, improve a handball court and equipment construction, popularize handball propaganda, improve the overall quality of the coaches, optimizing the age structure, increase training time. Development of the Anhui province Huainan city women's handball movement continued, healthy, orderly.%采用文献资料法和问卷调查法对淮南市中学女子手球现状进行研究,结果表明,教练员年龄结构与学历结构不够合理,女子手球训练效率不高,经费来源比较单一,场地器材匮乏,运动员参赛量少。建议寻求多元化资金来源,完善手球场地与器材建设,普及手球宣传,提高教练员整体素质,优化年龄结构,加大训练时间,使安徽省淮南市女子手球运动持续、健康、有序地发展。

  9. Research on rock-mineral information extraction in Hejiadaling region of Lujiang,Anhui Province%安徽庐江何家大岭地区岩矿信息提取研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖正辉; 刘琳; 陈有明; 李学良; 杨娟; 黄燕

    2015-01-01

    安徽庐江何家大岭位于庐枞火山岩盆地,具有典型蚀变特征,文章采用先进星载热辐射与反射辐射计(Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ,ASTER)数据及高光谱数据分析方法,对研究区矿物类型进行识别,识别结果与地质资料较为吻合,说明利用 ASTER数据进行岩矿识别具有较好的效果;利用线性波谱分离技术对研究区进行混合像元分解,制作了岩石矿物分布图。%Hejiadaling area is in Lujiang‐Zongyang volcanic rock basin in Anhui Province ,and there are many evidences of hydrothermal alteration in this area .In this paper ,the hyperspectral analysis meth‐ods such as Spectral Analyst of ENVI software and linear spectral unmixing(LSU) are used to process the data obtained by Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer(ASTER) for identifying minerals and rocks .The results from these methods show good match with the geological materials ,indicating that mineral and rock identification by using the data of ASTER is effective .The distribution maps of minerals and rocks are also made with the mixed pixel unmixing by LSU method .

  10. 安徽省农业劳动力性别结构变动及其影响分析%The Change and Effects of Gender Structure of Agricultural Labor in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴萌; 黄鹂

    2015-01-01

    在城镇化进程中,随着大规模的农村劳动力非农转移,农业劳动力性别结构发生变化,农业女性化现象日趋显著. 文章以安徽省为例分析了农业女性化的现状,认为传统习俗、家庭利益权衡以及社会发展的制度障碍等是其形成的主要因素,进而从农村妇女、农业生产和农村社会发展三个角度分析了农业女性化的社会影响,并针对其产生的不利影响提出建议.%In the rapid development of urbanization in Anhui province, with the surplus labor transfer in rural areas, the agricultural feminization becomes growingly prominent. The following are the three factors contributing to this phenomenon:the restraints of the tradition, the rational choice in country families and the system obstacles in the society. The paper then analyzes its social effects from the perspectives of the stay-at-home women, production of agriculture and social development of the country. Two suggestions are offered to solve the problem:enhancing the comprehensive qualities of women so as to build a good agricultural development en-vironment, and strengthening the rural construction in order to realize the balanced development of urban and rural areas.

  11. Study on the Traditional Lime Mortar from the Memorial Archway in the Southern Anhui Province%皖南牌坊传统灰浆的科技研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国锋; 孙升; 王成兴; 张秉坚; 陈希敏

    2013-01-01

    采用FTIR,XRD,SEM等技术,对皖南牌坊上的传统灰浆材料配方进行了初步研究.结果表明,牌坊灰浆样品为石灰掺桐油或糯米而形成的有机-无机复合材料.桐油灰浆强度的形成主要源于灰浆中石灰的碳化反应、桐油与氧气的交联反应和Ca2+与-COO-的配位反应以及由此面形成的致密片层状有机-无机复合结构.糯米淀粉对灰浆碳化过程的调控作用而形成的细密的微观结构是糯米灰浆具有良好性能的微观解释.%The traditional lime mortar was investigated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM),X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR).The results show that the mortar from the memorial archway in the southern Anhui province was the organic-inorganic composite materials composed of lime with tung oil or sticky rice.It was found that the excellent performance of the tung oil-lime mortar can be explained by the compact lamellar organic-inorganic composite structure that was produced by carbonization reaction of lime,cross-linking reactions of tung oil and oxygen and complexing reaction of Ca2+ and-COO-.The compact micro-structure of sticky rice-lime mortar,which was produced due to carbonation process of lime controlled by amylopectin,should be the cause of the good performance of this kind of organic-inorganic mortar.

  12. 安徽省农村社会救助体系发展现状和对策%The current development situation and countermeasures on the rural social assistance system in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟年祥; 曹增皊

    2012-01-01

    The establishment and improvement of rural social assistance system is the basic project of social economic development. Based on the analysis of the present situation of the rural social assistance system of Anhui province, the paper points out to improve rural social assistance system form the aspects such as improvement of the legal system of social assistance ,establishment of comprehensive coordination mechanisms of social assistance ,expanding sources of social assistance funds ,establishment of monitoring mechanisms of social assistance and training social assistance personnel as well. At last, the paper proposes that there are kinds of transition modes for rural social assistance system such as optimization of individual system, improvement of the rural minimum living security system, integration of different types, integration of assistance means instead of overall urban and rural development mode.%分析安徽省农村社会救助体系发展现状,从完善社会救助法律体系、建立社会救助工作综合协调机制、拓展社会救助资金渠道、建立社会救助工作监督机制、建设基层社会救助工作队伍等方面出发,通过单项制度优化、以低保为入口、分类型区一体化、救助方式整合等方式建立农村社会救助体系建设的过渡模式,以此过渡到城乡统筹的目标模式。

  13. Financial Support to the Economic Development of Yangtze River Area of Anhui Province%皖江区域经济发展的金融支持研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小雪; 冯庆水

    2012-01-01

    随着《皖江城市带承接产业转移示范区规划》的提出,皖江区域应借助这一契机,大力发展经济,因此,对皖江区域经济发展中金融支持的研究具有现实意义。对皖江区域的经济发展、产业结构、金融水平、开放合作、公共服务、社会环境六大类要素进行因子分析,并运用金融相关指标构建皖江区域金融发展和经济增长关系的计量模型,得出金融支持对皖江区域经济发展的重要性。建议从金融各个方面支持皖江区域经济的增长,促进皖江区域产业结构升级和优化。%The issuing of the industrial transfer demonstration area planning for cities along Yangtze river in Anhui Province has brought a golden opportunity for the area to develop its economy. Hence, researches into financial support to the economic development of this area have a practical significance. With an analysis of the economic growth, industrial structure, financial level, openness and cooperation, public services, and social environment of the area, and by building an econometric model of relationship between financial development and economic growth by financial related index, the paper discovers the importance of financial support to the economic development of the area. It is suggested that the economic growth of the area should get an all-around financial support, so as to facilitate the upgrading and optimizing of its industrial structure.

  14. An Empirical Analysis on the Technical Efficiency and its Influent Factors of Listed Companies of Anhui Province%安徽省上市公司技术效率及其影响因素实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆利

    2011-01-01

    By employing balanced panel data of listed companies of Anhui province during 2007 -2009, this paper measures the technical efficiency based on SFA. CEO plays an important role in decision - making, but the technical staffs play an important role in the business of technology development and innovation. Therefore, we investigate the influence of the annual pay of CEO and the number of technical staffs on technical efficiency. The empirical results show:the average firm efficiency is only 71. 5%, which means economic growth still relies on increasing inputs rather than on inner growth; the annual pay of CEO and technical efficiency are positively correlated; however, there are no significant relationship between the number of technical staffs and technical efficiency.%以2007~2009年43家安徽省上市公司为样本,运用随机前沿(SFA)方法测算各家公司的技术效率,同时考察总经理年度报酬以及技术人员数量对企业技术效率的影响.实证分析结果表明,安徽省上市公司的技术效率均值只有71.5%,说明经济增长仍然是靠增加要素投入而不是真正的内涵型增长;总经理报酬与企业技术效率呈现正相关关系;但技术人员数量与技术效率没有显著关系.

  15. A Study on Wild Ornamental Plant Resources in Yi-county of Anhui Province%安徽黟县野生观赏植物资源的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉勤; 王希华

    2001-01-01

    黟县位于皖南山区,是旅游景点之一,植物种类非常丰富。该文在广泛深入地调查、采集、整理、鉴定的基础上,研究了黟县野生植物资源的多样性、分布区类型和性质。本区有野生观赏植物(种子植物)117科、370属、821种(变种、变型),其中乔木178种、灌木187种、藤本111种、草本365种。根据本区野生观赏植物资源的种类、区系成分和特征、开发与保护现状,对本区野生观赏植物资源的开发利用进行了探讨。%Yi county is located in the south part of Anhui province, between, 117°38′~118°6′E and 29°47′~30°11′N, plant species are very rich. This paper presents the characteristics of species diversity, complex floristic elements' rare and endemic distribution types and the conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources in Yi county. On the basis of wide and deep investigation, collection and sifting. There are 821 species (including varieties and forms) of wild ornamental plants belonging to 370 genera and 117 families. Among them, 178 species are trees, 187 are shrubs, 111 are vines and 365 herbs. The conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources are discussed.

  16. 安徽査湾自然保护区群落的种—面积关系研究%Species-Area Relationship of Community in Zhawan Nature Reserve,Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞芬; 杨悦

    2012-01-01

    The species-area relationship is one of the important basis of scale conversion of biological diversity.It links the different scales of biological diversity.In this paper,three models are used to analyze the species-area relationship among 12 plots in Zhawan Nature Reserve,Anhui Province.The results show that the R2 value of the three models are large,and they all can better fit the species-area relationship.The results of RSE,AAD,AARD represent that A function Power function Logarithmic function.%指出了生物多样性尺度转换的重要依据之一是种—面积关系。它将不同尺度的生物多样性有机地结合起来,主要研究物种的数量随面积的变化而发生变化的规律。应用三种模型研究了査湾自然保护区的12块样方的种—面积关系。结果表明:三种模型的R2值都较大,均能较好地拟合群落的种—面积关系,而拟合效果检验评价指标RSE、AAD、AARD显示:一次函数模型最优,幂函数次之,对数函数最末。

  17. Loneliness, social support and family function of people living with HIV/AIDS in Anhui rural area, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Y-H; Sun, L; Wu, H-Y; Zhang, Z-K; Wang, B; Yu, C; Cao, H-Y

    2009-04-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate how loneliness was associated with social support and family function among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in an HIV-stricken area of China. Two hundred and nineteen PLWHA were surveyed using the UCLA (University of California at Los Angeles)-Loneliness Scale, the Social Support Rate Scale and the Family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection and Resolve) Index. The results indicated that the majority (84.5%) of PLWHA had moderate to high levels of loneliness, with a mean score of 47.62 and a standardized score of 59.53. The level of loneliness was significantly different in subjects' occupations, but not in other sociodemographic variables. Social support, family function and all dimensions except utilizations of support were significantly negatively associated with loneliness. Multiple regression revealed that less social support and poor family function were associated with more loneliness. In conclusion, loneliness prevails among PLWHA. It may limit PLWHA's ability or access to social relationship. These findings support the hypothesis that if PLWHA are better supported and cared for, their negative psychosocial consequences might be prevented or at least reduced.

  18. Distribution and assessment of Pb in the supergene environment of the Huainan Coal Mining Area, Anhui, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ting; Liu, Guijian; Zhou, Chuncai; Yuan, Zijiao; Lam, Paul Kwan Sing

    2014-08-01

    Coal mining area is highly subject to lead (Pb) pollution from coal mining activities. Several decades of coal mining and processing practices in dozens of coal mines in the Huainan Coal Mining Area (HCMA) have led to the accumulation of massive amounts of coal gangue, which piled in dumps. In order to investigate the impacts of coal gangue dumps on Pb level in the supergene media of the HCMA, a systematic sampling campaign comprising coal gangue, soil, wheat, and earthworm samples was conducted. The average Pb content in the coal mining area soil is 24 mg/kg, which is slightly higher than the associated coal gangues (23 mg/kg) and markedly higher than reference region soil (12.6 mg/kg). Soil in the HCMA present a slight to moderate Pb contamination, which might be related to the weathering and leaching of coal gangue dumps. Lateral distribution of Pb in HCMA soil differed among individual coal mines. The soil profile distribution of Pb depends on both natural and anthropogenic contributions. Average Pb content is higher in roots than in stems, leaves, and wheat husks, while the Pb level in seeds exceeded the maximum Pb allowance for foods (Maximum Levels of Contaminants in Foods of China, GB 2762-2012). Earthworms in the selected area are significantly enriched in Pb, suggesting higher bio-available Pb level in soil in the HCMA.

  19. Prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, De-Ming; Lv, Cong-Cong; Tan, Lei; Zhang, Tie-Niu; Yang, Cheng-Zhi; Liu, Yi; Liu, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Balantidium coli is a cosmopolitan parasitic-opportunistic pathogen that can be found throughout the world. However, little information is available about prevalence of B. coli in pigs in China. In the present study, the prevalence of B. coli in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, subtropical China, between January 2012 and August 2014. A total of 3925 diarrheic fecal samples from nine representative administrative regions in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined for the presence of B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites using microscopy after sedimentation with water. The overall prevalence of B. coli in pigs was 36.9 % (1450/3925). The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses potential threats to human health. The results of the present investigation have important implications for the control of B. coli infections in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of B. coli prevalence in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  20. 安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量现况调查%Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 董青; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 杨林胜; 叶冬青; 黄芬

    2010-01-01

    Objective The primary purposes of this article were to examine the distributions and correlation between conditions of sleep and the quality of life,so as to explore the risk factors of abnormal sleep among elderly in the rural areas of Anhui province.Methods Elderly who aged 60 years or more (n= 1680) were randomly selected from rural areas in Anhui province.Conditions of sleep and quality of life of the subjects were assessed independently,using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQ1) scale and SF-36 scale.A generalized logistic model analysis was performed,using sleep-related factors as explanatory variables.Results The average PSQI score was 7.43 + 4.13.Persons whose sleep conditions were graded as well,common or poor were accounted for 29.4%,24.3%,46.3%,respectively.Sex and sleep quality were different in terms of quality of life among all the factors (P<0.05).Men had better quality than women,and poor sleepers had poorer quality of life as compared to the one with better conditions.Factors as being married/living alone/economically independent,having better social function,often eating meat or wheat were significant predictors for having good sleep conditions.However,factors as better education received,living alone,with poor vitality/general health,having chronic diseases (back pain,coronary heart or stomach disease),less meat intake,rice as major foods etc.were predictors for poorer sleeping condition.Conclusion Our data showed that it was unsatisfactory on the quality of sleep among the rural elderly in Anhui province.Conditions on general,health and nutrition should be improved in order to prevent the poor sleep condition.%目的 了解安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量的现状及两者的相关性,并探索睡眠异常的影响因素.方法 分别应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、SF-36量表评价安徽省农村老年人的睡眠状况和生活质量.采用广义logistic回归分析模型筛选睡眠的影响因素.结果 睡眠

  1. Evaluating Regional Emissions Trading Pilot Schemes in China's Two Provinces and Five Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Huizhi, Wang

    2016-01-01

    With the highest energy use and greenhouse gas emissions around the world, China has begun to adopt comprehensive approaches to control its CO2 emissions and fight climate change. China has committed to reduce its carbon intensity by 40% to 45% compared to 2005 levels by 2020. In 2011, China initiated the development of seven regional carbon trading scheme (ETS) pilots in two provinces (Guangdong and Hubei) and five cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing and Shenzhen) and has embarked ...

  2. Rural Birth Order and Gender Influence on Intergenerational Time Transfer Motivation in Anhui Province%农村孩次和性别对代际时间转移动机的影响——以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周律; 陈功; 徐铭蔚; 王佳

    2012-01-01

    在美国等西方国家,代际时间转移动机是公共转移项目和政策的关键决定因素。然而,在中国文化中,这一概念相对比较新颖。目前尚无子女的孩次、性别与中国农村老年人代际时间转移之间影响的研究。本文旨在从农村地区父母的角度,按子女的性别和孩次,探究时间转移的动机。本研究的数据为2009年从中国安徽省巢湖地区收集。研究结果显示从父母的视角分析,子女的孩次对代际时间转移动机有显著的影响,而子女性别的影响不显著。此外,本文讨论了对政府政策和未来研究的启示。%In the United States and other Western countries, the intergenerational transfer motivation is a key determinant of public transfer programs and policies. However, in Chinese culture, the concept is relatively new. Currently there is less research about rural birth order and gender influence on intergenerational time transfer in China. This article analyzed intergenerational time transfer motivation by the birth order and gender in perspective of rural parents. In this study, the data collected from Chaohu, Anhui Province, China in 2009. The results showed that from the perspective of parents, their children's birth order have a significant impact on intergenerational transfer motivation and children's gender had no significant effect. In addition, the article discusses the revelation of government policy and future research.

  3. SWOT Analysis on Wheat Production in the Huai River Region in Anhui Province%安徽省沿淮地区小麦生产SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪建来; 赵莉; 何贤芳

    2011-01-01

    SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) method was adopted to analyze factors affecting wheat production in Huai River region in Anhui. Its strengths were highlighted by the advantages in a large production scale and high yield potential, in a combination of natural resources in light, heat, water and soil suitable for wheat growth, and in a developed industrial standard. The disadvantageous factors included the frequent natural disasters and inadequate technological involvement in wheat production. Opportunities favoring wheat production and industrial development emerged from the Food Security Strategy stressed by the State and an increasing investment into technology. Threats lay in difficulties in increasing yield per unit continuously, in increasing damages caused by natural disasters, pests and diseases, and in poorly educated farmer participants. On the basis of the above analyses, approaches and strategies were proposed with objective of promoting wheat production and scientific involvement in Huai River region. These solutions included implementation of policies with fanners as beneficiary, amelioration of conditions for wheat production, improvement of the comprehensive production ability, furthering the Project of S&T for Grain Harvest aiming at increasing wheat yield potential with science and technology integrated, increase of the economic benefits by producing and processing high quality wheat products, and emphasizing the leading roles of the key farms in this region in demonstration and dissemination.%采用SWTO分析法分析了安徽省沿淮地区小麦的生产优势(生产规模和产量优势;光、热、水、土资源有利于小麦生长;产业基础较好)、劣势(自然灾害频繁、小麦生产的科技含量不高)、机会(国家重视粮食安全、科技投入增加)和威胁(小麦单产提高的难度越来越大;自然灾害的危害越来越大;病虫害加重;种麦农民的文化素质不高),并提

  4. The Estimation and Structural Analysis on the Gross National Wealth-Evidence from Anhui Province%国民总财富的估算与结构分析--以安徽省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡本田; 徐兵华

    2014-01-01

    The gross national wealth represents the level of the sustainable development of economic entities with combining the development of economy, the progress of society and the change of resource and environment. According to the method pro-posed by the World Bank, the paper estimates all components of the gross national wealth and the per capita wealth of Anhui Province during the year of 1990 to 2011,The results show that:At present,the province still relies on a lot of natural capital to promote the growth of per capita GDP and per capita wealth. Moreover,the accumulation of wealth is mainly based on natu-ral capital,but its proportion is getting lower and lower,while the proportion of production capital to the gross national wealth is increasing slowly. The lowest proportion is human capital,it is not conducive to the sustainable economic development.%国民总财富把经济发展、社会进步和资源环境变化结合起来,更好地代表了经济主体可持续发展的程度。文章依据世界银行提出的方法估算出了1990-2011年安徽省人均财富以及总财富的各项构成部分,结果表明:现阶段安徽省仍然大量使用自然资本来推动人均GDP和人均财富的增长。且现阶段,安徽省财富的积累还是以自然资本为主,但是自然资本的比例越来越低,生产资本所占财富的比重正缓慢上升。人力资本比重最小,这不利于经济的可持续发展。

  5. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sows in Hunan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in animals and humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of T. gondii has been reported in many animals in China, little is known of T. gondii infection in sows. Antibodies to T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined using indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT. Overall, 31.3% (373/1191 of the examined sows were seropositive for T. gondii. Among 11 representative regions of Hunan province, the seroprevalence ranged from 14.8% to 45.1%. In addition, the T. gondii seroprevalence was higher in summer (37.4% and autumn (34.9% than in spring (24.6% and winter (23.9%. Regarding different antibody titers, the seroprevalence ranged from 1.8% (titer ≥ 1 : 1024 to 17.4% (titer = 1 : 64. The findings of the present investigation revealed the high seroprevalence of T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, China, which poses a potential risk for T. gondii infection in humans and animals in this province. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to prevent and control toxoplasmosis of pigs in this province. This is the first report of the comprehensive survey of T. gondii seroprevalence in sows in Hunan Province, subtropical China.

  6. [The Analysis of Traditional Lime Mortars from Zhejiang Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-bin; Cui, Biao; Zhang, Bing-jian

    2016-01-01

    The components of ancient mortars have always been an important research field in historic building conservation. It has been well known that using traditional mortars in conservation projects have many advantages, such as compatibility and stability. So, developing new binding materials based on traditional mortar has become an international study hotspot. With China's economic development, the protection of ancient buildings also began to put on the agenda, but the understanding on Chinese traditional mortar is limited, and rare literatures are reported. In the present work, the authors investigate seven ancient city wall sites in Zhejiang Province in situ, and subsequently laboratory analysis were carried out on collected mortar samples. The characterizations of mortar samples were made by multi-density gauge, XRD, FTIR, TG-DSC and wet chemical analysis. The experimental results showed that: the main component of masonry mortars is calcium carbonate, the content between 75% - 90%, and they should be made from relatively pure lime mortar. The raw materials of mortar samples were mainly calcareous quick lime, and sample from Taizhou city also contained magnesium quick lime. There are four city walls were built by sticky-rice mortars. It suggests that the technology of adding the sticky rice soup into mortar was universal in the Ming Dynasties. These mortars have lower density between 1.2 and 1.9 g x cm(-3); this outcome should be the result of long-term natural erosion. We have also analyzed other chemical and physical characteristics of these masonry mortars. The results can afford the basic data for the future repairmen programs, development of new protective materials, and comparative study of mortars.

  7. Spatio-temporal Evolution on Geographic Boundaries of HFRS Endemic Areas in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yan Xun; WANG Zhi Qiang; GUO Jing; TANG Fang; SUN Xiu Bin; XUE Fu Zhong; KANG Dian Min

    2013-01-01

    Objective To take effective strategies and measures for the prevention and control of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) endemic areas by investigating its dynamic geographical boundaries in Shandong Province, China. Methods The incidence of HFRS from 1982 to 2008 in Shandong Prvince, China, was detected with inverse distance weighting (IDW) interpolation based on geographical information system (GIS). Dynamic geographical boundaries of HFRS endemic areas in Shandong Province, China, were analyzed by geographical boundary analysis. Results The HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Linyi City in phase 1 (1982-1986), the SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Jining City in phase 2 (1987-2003), and the endemic areas of HFRS in Jining City gradually disappeared and the endemic areas of HFRS with mixed-types of reservoir rodents were located in Linyi City in phase 3 (2004-2008). Meanwhile, new endemic areas emerged in the northwestern Shandong province, China. Conclusion The SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS are located in western Shandong Province, China, and the HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS are located eastern Shandong Province, Chin, indicating that the endemic areas of HFRS should be vaccinated and rodents should be controlled.

  8. Development Strategy of Anhui Garments Import&Export Co.Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Tu, Liang

    2012-01-01

    Textiles are important export goods in China, and they played a key role in the economic development of China, but in recent years, domestic and international export environmental degradation leads textile export enterprises to face new difficulties. Anhui Garments Import & Export Co. Ltd. is a garment foreign trade export enterprise with certain strengths. The company is facing both opportunities and challenges in the current situation. The thesis was based on Anhui Garments Import & Exp...

  9. Paleoproterozoic lower crust beneath Nushan in Anhui Province: Evidence from zircon SHRIMP U-Pb dating on granulite xenoliths in Cenozoic alkali basalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Xiaolong; XU Yigang; LIU Dunyi; JIAN Ping

    2003-01-01

    Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb dating was carried out for an intermediate granulite xenolith in Cenozoic alkali basalt from Nushan. The results suggest that the lower crust beneath Nushan may have formed at about 2400-2200 Ma, and have been subjected to granulite-facies metamorphism at 1915±27 Ma. The old age of the Nushan lower crust is consistent with the geochemical similarities between Nushan granulite xenoliths and Archean-Paleoproterozoic granulite terrains in the NorthChina craton, but it is not distinguishable from high-grade metamorphic rocks in the Yangtze craton where such old ages were also reported. Significant Pb-lossoccurs in the Nushan zircons, implying important influence of widespread Mesozoic to Cenozoic underplating in East China on the lower crust beneath Nushan.

  10. New features of flow of rural surplus labor in Anhui province under the background of undertaking industry transfer%承接产业转移背景下安徽省农村剩余劳动力转移新特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世宏; 李亚光

    2015-01-01

    2010年皖江承接产业转移示范区上升到国家战略,至今已5年过去了,随着皖江承接产业转移事业的稳步推进,安徽省经济社会发展升级到新阶段。产业结构不断优化升级,城市化水平不断提高。承接产业转移驱动安徽省农村剩余劳动力的转移呈现出新的特征。以此为背景,对新阶段安徽省农村剩余劳动力流动特征进行分析,针对适应新特征提出相应政策建议。%In has been five years since the construction of demonstration region for undertaking industry transfer of the city-cluster along the Yangtze River in Anhui rose to national strategy in 2010. With the steady development of undertaking industry transfer, development of economic and social of Anhui province is upgrading to a new stage. The industrial structure optimizes and upgrades continuously and the level of urbanization improves constantly. Undertaking industry transfer promotes the flow of force of rural surplus labor of Anhui province with new features. Based on this background,this paper analyzed the flow features in the new stage and proposed some suggestions.

  11. 安徽沿江棉区控失型化肥施用技术研究%Research on the Application Technology of Controlled-release Chemical Fertilizer in the Cotton Area along Yangtze River in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余立祥; 邱冠男; 吴跃进

    2009-01-01

    [目的]研究控失肥在棉区的施用技术,验证控失肥的"控失"效果及其经济效益.[方法]以当地主要推广的抗虫棉品种为供试作物,通过在安徽省沿江棉田进行施肥试验研究了控失肥不同施用方式对棉花产量和效益的影响.[结果]与一次基施全部控失肥相比,将控失肥分3次施用使棉花产量增加了240 kg/hm~2,棉农的净收入增加了156元/hm~2;将控失肥基施,后期追施速效化肥使棉花产量增加了7.04%,棉农的净收入增加了833.4元/hm~2.施用减氮20%的控失肥的棉花的现蕾期提前了6 d,开花期提前了7 d,吐絮期提前了8 d,生育期短了8 d.与施用普通氮肥的棉花相比,施用控失氮肥的棉花的秋桃增加幅度为22.29%~36.31%,皮棉产量增加了27.78%.[结论]该研究为在安徽沿江棉区推广应用控失肥提供了科学依据.%[Objective] The purpose was to research the application technology of controlled-release fertilizer in cotton area and validate its controlled-release effect and economic benefit. [Method] With the insect-resistant cotton varieties mainly popularized in the local place as tested crops, the effect of different application methods of controlled-release fertilizer on the yield and benefit of cotton was researched through carrying out fertilization experiment in the cotton fields along Yangtze River in Anhui Province. [Result] Compared with applying all the controlled-release fertilizer as base fertilizer at the first fertilization, when the controlled-release fertilizer was applied 3 times separately, the cotton yield was increased for 240 kg/hm~2 and the net income of cotton farmers was increased for 156 yuan/hm~2; when the controlled-release fertilizer was applied as base fertilizer and the fast-available chemical fertilizer was dressed in the anaphase, the cotton yield was increased by 7.04% and the net income of cotton farmers was increased for 833.4 yuan/hm~2. The squaring period of cottons applied

  12. Back to China to Seek Her Roots——An American mother and Her Adopted Chinese Daughter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    LULU went to a Chinese kindergarten in New York's China Town for the first time at the age of three, and when she returned home she had a serious question for her mother. "Mom, why don't I look like you?" The bewildered eyes of Lulu made blond Emily understand that from that day on, the girl she adopted from Anhui Province, China began to reappraise America and her American

  13. Attitude of the Developed and Undeveloped Areas in Anhui Province towards Land Consolidation and the Policy Suggestions%安徽省不同经济发展地区对土地整理的态度及政策启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章超; 鲁成树

    2011-01-01

    According to the land consolidation practices and awareness during the recent years,and the analysis on the attitudes ot the government and farmers in the developed and undeveloped areas in Anhui Province towards land consolidation and their causes,it is concluded that the developed and undeveloped areas hold different attitudes towards land consolidation,and some policy suggestions are proposed for the comprehensive popularization of land consolidation in Anhui Province.%结合近几年在土地整理中的实践和认识,通过安徽省不同经济发展地区地方政府和农民对土地整理态度及起因的分析,得出不同经济发展地区对土地整理态度不一致的结论,并就安徽省全面推进土地整理提出政策建议.

  14. A Study on the Effects of Policy Support of Cultural Industry Development in Anhui Province:a Factor Analysis Perspective%安徽文化产业发展的政策支持效应研究--基于因子分析的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程霞珍; 蒋长流

    2014-01-01

    Anhui Province has issued more than 40 policies to support cultural industry development in recent years. Based on a factor analysis method, this paper analyzes the effects of policy support of the cultural industry development in Anhui Province, the results shows that the policy support effect of public cultural inputs and innovation of culture management system are insignificant, except that there is obvious effect in the policy support of cultural market improvement.%针对近年来安徽省出台的40多项支持文化产业发展的政策措施,采用因子分析法对安徽文化产业发展的政策支持效应进行剖析,结果表明:除在文化市场完善方面政策支持效应较为明显外,在公共文化投入和文化管理制度创新方面政策支持效应均不显著。

  15. 安徽省小麦干热风、高温逼熟、贪青晚熟、雪灾、倒伏灾害的防御%Defense of Wheat Dry-hot Wind,Heat-forced Matu-rity,Over-green and Late-maturing,Snow Disaster and Lodging Disaster in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈磊

    2014-01-01

    Dry-hot wind,heat-forced maturity,over-green and late-maturing, snow disaster and lodging disaster of wheat were easy to occur in Anhui Province.Therefore,this paper emphatical-ly introduced preventive and remedial measures of wheat dry-hot wind,heat-forced maturity,over-green and late-ma-turing,snow disaster and lodging disaster, there would be has great significance for improving yield and quality and promot-ing productivity of wheat in Anhui Province.%安徽省小麦易发生干热风、高温逼熟、贪青晚熟、雪灾、倒伏灾害,故着重介绍了小麦的干热风、高温逼熟、贪青晚熟、雪灾、倒伏灾害的预防与补救措施,对提高安徽省小麦的产量和品质,促进其稳产增收具有重要意义。

  16. The Analysis of the Influence Factors on Housing Prices in Anhui Province Which is Based on the Grey Correlative Degree%基于灰色关联度的安徽省房价影响因素的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐腾

    2012-01-01

    以安徽省2001—2010年房地产相关资料为依据,适当选取房价影响因素指标,引入灰色关联分析方法,构建房价影响因素的灰色关联度模型,定量地计算出各指标与房价的灰色关联度。结果表明:人口总数、居民消费价格指数、税收三大因素对房价影响最大,而住宅施工面积、住宅销售额、住宅投资完成额影响较小。%In this paper, we select real estate market in AnHui province from 2001 to 2010 as a basis, analyses housing price influential factors, selects appropriately indexes influencing housing price. It introduces grey relational analysis method and formulates grey correlation model based on the data of real estate market in Anhui Province, quantitatively calculates correlation degrees of every factor. The results show that total popula- tion, the consumer price index and tax make a big influence to housing prices, while housing construction area, housing sales and housing invest- ment completed frontal influence a little.

  17. The Income Gap among Rural Residents in Shaanxi Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the analysis on the current status of the income gap among rural residents in Shaanxi Province,it is found out that the income of rural residents in Shaanxi Province of China is not only lower than the average income level of China,but also far lower than the income level of urban residents and the income level of rural residents in developed areas.The low income is mainly caused by the increasing income gap among income groups and the income gap among rural residents in different areas.Based on this,causations for the income gap among rural residents are analyzed from three aspects of the cultural difference,the regional economic difference,and the industrial structure difference.Countermeasures for narrowing the income gap and increasing the farmers’ income in Shaanxi Province are put forward,such as vigorously developing the rural economy and speeding up the transfer of rural surplus labor forces in China.

  18. Water and food security in China: virtual water trade associated with crop trade between Chinese provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalin, C.; Hanasaki, N.; Qiu, H.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.

    2013-12-01

    China's water resources are under increasing pressure from socio-economic development, diet shifts and climate change. Water availability presents a significant spatial heterogeneity in the country. We use a general equilibrium welfare model and a linear programming optimization to model inter-provincial crop trade in China. We combine these trade simulations with province-scale estimates of Virtual Water Content of these crops, from the H08 hydrological model to build the domestic virtual water trade network of China. We find that there is a wide heterogeneity in water-use efficiency among Chines provinces, with a few of the least water efficient provinces using disproportionately high amounts of irrigation water versus rainwater for crop production. We study the food trade patterns and the virtual water flows and savings associated with it.

  19. An Empirical Study on Telecommunication Development in the Rural Areas of China's 12 Western Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Hong

    2005-01-01

    This paper studied rural telecom markets in China's 12 western provinces with Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) models. Using two regress analysis of telecom business income and rural telephone permeation rate in 12 western provinces, we got some new conclusions such as, the installation and usage of telephones among farmers are affected by several variables, and income is only one of them. According to our data analysis, variables influencing the installation and usage of telephones are not the same. Different variables exert different degrees of influence in the provinces.

  20. 安徽合肥大蜀山维管植物区系地理成分研究%Geographical Composition of Vascular Plants in Dashu Mountain in Hefei, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红梅

    2011-01-01

    Based on the investigation of the vegetation and collection of samples, the flora composition of Dashu Mountain in terms of families, genera, and species were analyzed and the R/T rate were compared with floras in similar latitude sites.A total of 508 plant species, belonging to 315 genera and 120 families were recorded,among which Pteridophyte had 10 families,13 genera and 14 species;gymnosperms had 7 families,19 genera and 47 species;and angiosoerms had 103 families,283 genera and 447 species.The dominants of the forest community was mainly composed of Fagaceae, Pinaceae, Ulmaceae, Aceaceae ,Tiliaceae, and Leguminosae,etc.The analysis of floristic geographical elements indicated that the 226 genera fell into 14 types.Athough the temperate zone component held a certain proportion,tropical species were rich,with temperate affinities elements accounting for 23.81% and the tropic affinities accounting for 18.52% ,which presents an especially transitional nature.The number of species endemic to China was few.The deciduous broad-leaved forest in temperate zone component was still a relatively stable forest cover of the area.According to the comparison analysis in terms of R/T rate,the tropic characteristics of Mt.Dashu flora were higher than those of the Yaoluoping Nature Reserve,Anhui and Mt.Huangcangyu,Anhui,lower than those of Mt.Mufu, Nanjing and Mt.Langya, Chuzhou, and similar to those of Mt.Zijin, Nanjing and Mt.Niushou, Nanjing in terms of genera.%在野外调查和标本采集的基础上,对合肥大蜀山植物区系基本组成和科属地理成分进行了分析,并与邻近山地植物区系进行了R/T比值的比较.统计共有维管束植物120科、315属、508种(含种下等级),其中蕨类植物10科、13属、14种,裸子植物7科、19属、47种,被子植物103科、283属、447种.壳斗科、松科、榆科、槭树科、椴树科和豆科等是该区系的主要表征科,构成了其各森林类型的主要树种组成.种子植物区

  1. Impact of weather factors on hand, foot and mouth disease, and its role in short-term incidence trend forecast in Huainan City, Anhui Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Desheng; Wang, Lulu; Cheng, Jian; Xu, Jun; Xu, Zhiwei; Xie, Mingyu; Yang, Huihui; Li, Kesheng; Wen, Lingying; Wang, Xu; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Shusi; Su, Hong

    2017-03-01

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is one of the most common communicable diseases in China, and current climate change had been recognized as a significant contributor. Nevertheless, no reliable models have been put forward to predict the dynamics of HFMD cases based on short-term weather variations. The present study aimed to examine the association between weather factors and HFMD, and to explore the accuracy of seasonal auto-regressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model with local weather conditions in forecasting HFMD. Weather and HFMD data from 2009 to 2014 in Huainan, China, were used. Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was applied to examine the relationship between weather factors and HFMD. The forecasting model for HFMD was performed by using the SARIMA model. The results showed that temperature rise was significantly associated with an elevated risk of HFMD. Yet, no correlations between relative humidity, barometric pressure and rainfall, and HFMD were observed. SARIMA models with temperature variable fitted HFMD data better than the model without it (s R 2 increased, while the BIC decreased), and the SARIMA (0, 1, 1)(0, 1, 0)52 offered the best fit for HFMD data. In addition, compared with females and nursery children, males and scattered children may be more suitable for using SARIMA model to predict the number of HFMD cases and it has high precision. In conclusion, high temperature could increase the risk of contracting HFMD. SARIMA model with temperature variable can effectively improve its forecast accuracy, which can provide valuable information for the policy makers and public health to construct a best-fitting model and optimize HFMD prevention.

  2. Impact of weather factors on hand, foot and mouth disease, and its role in short-term incidence trend forecast in Huainan City, Anhui Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Desheng; Wang, Lulu; Cheng, Jian; Xu, Jun; Xu, Zhiwei; Xie, Mingyu; Yang, Huihui; Li, Kesheng; Wen, Lingying; Wang, Xu; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Shusi; Su, Hong

    2016-08-01

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is one of the most common communicable diseases in China, and current climate change had been recognized as a significant contributor. Nevertheless, no reliable models have been put forward to predict the dynamics of HFMD cases based on short-term weather variations. The present study aimed to examine the association between weather factors and HFMD, and to explore the accuracy of seasonal auto-regressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model with local weather conditions in forecasting HFMD. Weather and HFMD data from 2009 to 2014 in Huainan, China, were used. Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was applied to examine the relationship between weather factors and HFMD. The forecasting model for HFMD was performed by using the SARIMA model. The results showed that temperature rise was significantly associated with an elevated risk of HFMD. Yet, no correlations between relative humidity, barometric pressure and rainfall, and HFMD were observed. SARIMA models with temperature variable fitted HFMD data better than the model without it (sR 2 increased, while the BIC decreased), and the SARIMA (0, 1, 1)(0, 1, 0)52 offered the best fit for HFMD data. In addition, compared with females and nursery children, males and scattered children may be more suitable for using SARIMA model to predict the number of HFMD cases and it has high precision. In conclusion, high temperature could increase the risk of contracting HFMD. SARIMA model with temperature variable can effectively improve its forecast accuracy, which can provide valuable information for the policy makers and public health to construct a best-fitting model and optimize HFMD prevention.

  3. Single-oocyst Separation and Identification of Eimeria tenella in Chickens in Patrs of Anhui Province%安徽部分地区鸡柔嫩艾美耳球虫单卵囊的分离与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中宝; 欧俊秀; 曾明华; 阮祥春; 张伟玮; 杨娜; 吴丽君

    2013-01-01

    In order to obtain pure Eimeria strain, three Eimeria species were collected from the poultry farms infected with coccidia in Chaohu, Huoqiu and Dingyuan of Anhui Province, and then cultured to sporu-lated oocysts. The 1-7 days old chicks were vaccinated the single-oocyst by single-oocyst separation technology. The oocysts were collected after 7-12 days, and then the coccidia oocysts were identified with biological characteristics and PCR method. The results showed that the ratio of infection were 50%, 57% and 29%, respectively in three areas. The three Eimeria species were all identified as Eimeria tenella by biological characteristics and PCR. This indicated that the single oocyst isolation technique was simply and successful. Using specific primers of PCR to identify strains could lay foundation for the study of pure local strains.%为获得纯种柔嫩艾美耳球虫虫株,从安徽省巢湖市、霍邱县、定远县3个地区患球虫病的鸡场采集3株混合球虫,培养至孢子化,分离单卵囊接种1~7日龄的雏鸡,感染后7~12d,收集卵囊,然后通过生物学特性和PCR方法进行虫种鉴定.结果显示,3个地区的单卵囊感染成功率分别为50%、57%和29%,各虫株经生物学特性和PCR鉴定均为柔嫩艾美耳球虫.研究表明:1.0%琼脂单卵囊分离法简便且成功率较高,利用特异性引物PCR鉴定虫株,为纯种地方株的研究奠定了基础.

  4. Construction and application of 3D hidden geological model in Yuncao area,Anhui Province%安徽运漕地区隐伏地质体三维模型构建及应用∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠良; 童劲松; 吴雪峰; 陈永宁; 包海玲; 王小莺

    2015-01-01

    On the basis of the information of geology and geophysics,by studying on the characteristics of strata and rock mass,a 3D hidden geological model in shallow-covered areas is constructed taking Yun-cao area in Anhui Province as an example.It introduces how to divide the modeling units and how to con-struct geological-geophysical model and 3D geological model,and a parallel model of strata and intrusions and a thinking of “first in separation and then in combination”are pointed out to build the final 3D hidden geological model considering the developmental conditions of intrusion and shallow intrusive rocks in this area.It is found that the resulting-model can reveal the distributions of physical properties of hidden geo-logical bodies,major faults,folded structures and magma bulge structure.In addition,it can display grav-ity and magnetic regional field,fault distribution,known ore occurrence,diorites and Zhouchongcun For-mation to identify the spatial positions of metallogenetic favorable sections by 3D visualization.%以安徽运漕地区为例,从地层与岩体特征入手,结合地质—地球物理信息,开展浅覆盖区隐伏地质体三维建模研究。介绍了划分建模单元及建立地质—地球物理模型和构建最终地质体模型的过程,针对区内侵入岩、浅成侵入岩发育情况,提出采用地层与岩体并行建模的思路,通过“先分后合”的方式构建地质体三维模型。最终的成果模型反映了研究区隐伏地质体的主要物性层(建模单元)、主要断裂与褶皱构造、岩浆隆起构造的空间展布特征,模型将区域重磁、断层展布、已知矿点与闪长岩类及三叠世周冲村组叠加显示,以三维可视化的方式标识了成矿有利地段的空间位置。

  5. 基于钻石模型的皖北农业集群式发展研究%Development of Agriculture Industry Cluster Based on the Diamond Model in the North of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玮

    2014-01-01

    农业是皖北地区的支柱性产业,目前仍处于农业发展的初级阶段。皖北地区农业生产和管理分散,经济效益没有达到最大化。借鉴Porter的“钻石模型”,对皖北农业集聚的生产要素条件,需求条件,相关及支持产业,企业的战略、结构及竞争对手,机会及政府行为等进行分析,皖北地区要形成具有特色的农业集聚区,应建设农业工业园区,高效利用生产要素;大力发展上下游企业,树立区域品牌;优化农业组织结构,培育龙头企业;加速城镇化发展,刺激国内外需求;完善政府支持体系,创造农业发展机遇。%Though agriculture is the pillar industry in the north of Anhui province, it is still at the primary development stage. The maxi-mum economic benefit has not been achieved as the agricultural production and management are decentralized. Porter's Diamond Model is used to analyze the factor conditions;demand conditions;related and supporting industries;firm strategy, structure and rivalry;chance;and the government in the region. In order to form a distinctive agriculture industry cluster, the government should build agro-industrial parks to use the factor conditions efficiently, develop upstream and downstream enterprises to establish the regional brand, optimize the agricul-tural structure to cultivate leading enterprises, accelerate the urbanization process to stimulate the domestic demand, and improve the gov-ernment supporting system to create development opportunities for agriculture.

  6. 安徽省部分城市在校学生生物安全及传染病知信行状况调查%Survey on biosafety and knowledge,attitude and practice of infectious disease among students in Anhui Prov-ince

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈道俊; 王效国; 荣青秀; 王丽雅; 武乐; 崔宁

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand biosafety and knowledge,attitude and practice (KAP) of infectious dis-ease among students,and provide reference for infectious disease prevention in school.Methods 1139 students from 8 schools in Anhui Province were selected by stratified cluster sampling and a questionnaire survey was conducted.Results The knowledge level of biosafety among students was not enough,only 41.7% of them had heard of biosafety.The attention on flu A /H1N1 was higher.89.5% of them knew that there were patients who had been infected with A /H1N1 flu virus in China at present.But most of them were lack of knowledge about sexually transmitted disease (STD)and the awareness rate of AIDS transmission route was only 15.5%.Most were lack of right attitude and practice about the infectious disease.Con-clusion The students ’ cognition of biosafety and infectious disease is inadequate, which needs to be further improved.Specific,accessible and sustained health programs should be carried out according to students’characters.%目的:了解大、中学生对生物安全及传染病的知信行现状,为学校传染病预防工作提供参考。方法采用分层整群抽样方法,对安徽省部分城市的8所学校共1139名学生进行问卷调查。结果学生对生物安全的认识不够,仅41.7%的学生听说过生物安全。对甲流的关注度较高,89.5%的学生知道我国目前有甲流病人。对性传播疾病的知识较为匮乏,艾滋病传播途径的知晓率仅为15.5%。对传染病相关问题的正确态度和行为拥有率较低。结论学生对生物安全和传染病的认识还存在不足,有待进一步提高。学校可以根据大、中学生各自特点,制定具有针对性和可及性的持续的健康教育。

  7. Innovation efficiency and influence factors of innovative enterprises in a region:A comparison between different sizes of enterprises in Anhui Province%区域创新型企业创新效率评价及影响因素分析--基于安徽省创新型企业规模的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李醒民; 魏玖长

    2015-01-01

    为了进一步了解我国单一区域内创新型企业的创新活动,基于大型企业和中小型企业的视角,以安徽省340家省级创新型企业为例,利用随机前沿方法(stochastic frontier approach ,SFA )对这些企业的创新效率及其影响因素进行对比分析。结果表明,这些企业的创新效率处于中等水平,大型与中小型创新型企业的创新效率在同一水平上,部分中小型的企业创新能力较强。在影响因素方面,企业规模对中小型创新型企业有着正向影响,而对大型企业的创新效率的影响作用不显著。政府经费支持对创新型企业的创新效率有负向影响,而税费减免对其则有正向影响。大型企业与中小型企业的创新效率提升途径存在一定差别。%In order to further understand the innovation activities in innovative enterprises within a region in China ,from the perspective of large sized and small‐medium sized enterprises (SMEs) ,the innovation efficiency of these enterprises and its influence factors were analyzed employing the data from 340 innovative enterprises in Anhui Province as a sample and the stochastic frontier approach (SFA ) . The results show that the innovation efficiency of these enterprises is at the medium level ; the innovation efficiency of the large sized enterprises is at the same level as the SMEs and some of the SMEs have strong ability of innovation .As to the influencing factors ,it is found that firm size has a positive impact on the innovation efficiency of the SMEs ,but no influence on that of large sized enterprises .The R&D subsidies from the government have a negative impact on the innovative enterprises’ innovation efficiency ,while tax breaks have a positive impact on it .Different approaches are to be adopted for large sized enterprises to improve innovation efficiency from those for small‐medium sized enterprises .

  8. The Spatial Decision-making in Rural Migrants' Employment and the Effect of Their Individual Attribute:A Study of Four Villages in Anhui Province%农村劳动力转移就业的空间决策及其个体属性影响--以安徽省四个样本村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春雨

    2014-01-01

    the spatial decision-making in rural migrant labors' employment is the destination choosing process under the guidance of a specific employment goal with certain approaches to finding a certain job. An analysis of the cases in 4 villages in Anhui Province by frequency analysis , clustering analysis and cross-tab analysis to explore the characteristics of the rural labor's spatial migration decision-making in employment goals, approaches, modes and destinations. It finds that the individual attributes affect their spatial decision-making process significantly and the polices in removal of the barriers against equal employment such as the well known household system, social security, residents restriction is the key to improve the employment of the migrants from the rural in China.%农村劳动力转移就业空间决策是农村劳动力在特定目标指引下,通过具体就业途径和就业方式,进行就业地决策的过程。通过SPSS17.0的频率分析、聚类分析、交叉分析等方法,以安徽省四个样本村为例,探讨了农村劳动力在转移就业目标决策、就业途径决策、就业方式决策和就业地决策等方面的基本特征,分析了个体属性差异对转移就业空间决策的影响。研究结果表明,除外部环境外,个体属性因素深刻地影响农村劳动力转移就业空间决策,而提高人力资源,消除阻碍转移的户籍、社会保障、定居等障碍因素是提高劳动力就业质量的重要方面。

  9. Differentiation characteristics and influencing factors of ecological land rent among provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Kaisheng; ZHAO Yali; ZHANG Honghui; CHEN Ligen; LU Fangfang; GU Yuanyuan

    2013-01-01

    Ecological land rent is the excess profit produced by resource scarcity,and is also an important indicator for measuring the social and economic effects of resource scarcity.This paper,by calculating the respective ecological land rents of all the provinces in China for the years 2002 and 2007,and with the assistance of the software programs ArcGIS and GeoDA,analyzes the spatial differentiation characteristics of ecological land rent; then,the influencing factors of ecological land rent differentiation among the provinces are examined using the methods of traditional regression and spatial correlation analysis.The following results were obtained:First,ecological land rent per unit of output in China shows stable distribution characteristics of being low in the southwestern and northeastern provinces,and high in Hebei and Henan provinces.There is also an increasing tendency in the central and western provinces,and a decreasing one in the eastern provinces.In general,the spatial distribution of ecological land rent per unit of output in China is quite scattered.Second,the total ecological land rent shows significant spatial aggregation characteristics,in particular the provinces in China possessing high total amounts of ecological land rent tend to be adjacent to one another,as do those with low total amounts,and the spatial difference characteristics of the eastern,central and western provinces are distinguished.The Bohai Rim,Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta are shown to be highly clustering regions of total ecological land rent,while the western provinces have very low ecological land rent in terms of total amount.Third,population distribution,economic level and industrial structure were all important influencing factors influencing ecological land rent differentiation among provinces in China.Furthermore,population density,urbanization level,economic density,per capita consumption level and GDP per capita were all shown to be positively related to total

  10. Research of Anhui Province Earthquake IP-based Video Conferencing Systems%基于IP的安徽省地震视频会议系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁娟; 潘丹; 何琳

    2012-01-01

    on the basis of the China Seismological Bureau video conferencing connectivity with each Seismological Bureau, the Bureau constructs IP-based video conferencing systems, achieves off-site consultation and work together between internal provincial Bureau of seismic system and stations. The system changes the Bureau traditional inefficient earthquake consultation, conferences, academic exchanges and linkage means and it has a certain practical significance.%在中国地震局与各省地震局进行视频会议连通的基础上,安徽省地震局建设了基于IP的视频会议系统,实现了安徽省地震系统内部省局与地市局及台站的异地会商和协同工作,改变了安徽省地震局传统、低效的地震会商、会议、学术交流以及联动方式,具有一定的现实意义.

  11. A NEW RHEOCRICOTOPUS THIENEMANN & HARNISCHIA (DIPTERA: CHIRONOMIDAE) FROM TAIWAN PROVINCE, CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin-huaWang; Chun-caiYan; Can-jenMaa

    2004-01-01

    Rheocricotopus (Psilocricotopus) taiwanensis sp. n. from Taiwan, China, is described as male imagines. The species is allied to R. (P.) chalybeatus (Edwards) but it is easily separated from the latter in lacking setae in all reins, much lower AR and more pronounced crista dorsalis in gonostylus. The genus is new to Taiwan Province, China. The specimen is deposited at the Department of Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin.

  12. High seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao-Xuan; Li, Run-Cheng; Liu, Guo-Hua; Cong, Wei; Song, Hui-Qun; Yu, Xing-Long; Zhu, Xing-Quan

    2014-04-01

    Chlamydia spp. are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria, which are responsible for significant public health problems in humans and have major economic impact on animals. In the present study, the seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, was examined using indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). Antibodies to Chlamydia were detected in 747 of 1,191 (62.7%, 95% CI 60-65.5) serum samples (IHA titer ≥ 1:16). The Chlamydia seroprevalence ranged from 35% (95% CI 25.7-44.4) to 77.1% (95% CI 69.1-85.2) among different regions in Hunan province, and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows was higher in summer (75.7%, 95% CI 71.3-80) and spring (63.2%, 95% CI 57.5-68.8) than in autumn (56.9%, 95% CI 51.5-62.3) and winter (48.6%, 95% CI 42-55.3), and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses a potential risk for human infection with Chlamydia in this province. This is the first report of Chlamydia seroprevalence in sows over the last two decades in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  13. Spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China: Use of two-dimensional graph-theoretical clustering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping Yuan; Liang Qiao; Li Dai; Yan-Ping Wang; Guang-Xuan Zhou; Ying Han; Xiao-Xia Liu; Xun Zhang; Yi Cao; Juan Liang; Jun Zhu

    2009-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China.METHODS:Data were collected from the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network (CBDMN),a hospitalbased congenital malformations registry system.All fetuses more than 28 wk of gestation and neonates up to 7 d of age in hospitals within the monitoring sites of the CBDMN were monitored from 2001 to 2005.Two-dimensional graph-theoretical clustering was used to divide monitoring sites of the CBDMN into different clusters according to the average incidences of anorectal atresia/stenosis in the different monitoring sites.RESULTS:The overall average incidence of anorectal atresia/stenosis in China was 3.17 per 10 000 from 2001 to 2005.The areas with the highest average incidences of anorectal atresia/stenosis were almost always focused in Eastern China.The monitoring sites were grouped into 6 clusters of areas.Cluster 1 comprised the monitoring sites in Heilongjiang Province,Jilin Province,and Liaoning Province;Cluster 2 was composed of those in Fujian Province,Guangdong Province,Hainan Province,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,south Hunan Province,and south Jiangxi Province;Cluster 3 consisted of those in Beijing Municipal City,Tianjin Municipal City,Hebei Province,Shandong Province,north Jiangsu Province,and north Anhui Province;Cluster 4 was made up of those in Zhejiang Province,Shanghai Municipal City,south Anhui Province,south Jiangsu Province,north Hunan Province,north Jiangxi Province,Hubei Province,Henan Province,Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region;Cluster 5 consisted of those in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,Gansu Province and Qinghai Province;and Cluster 6 included those in Shaanxi Province,Sichuan Province,Chongqing Municipal City,Yunnan Province,Guizhou Province,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Province and Tibet Autonomous Region.CONCLUSION:The findings in this research allow the display of the spatial distribution patterns of anorectal atresia/stenosis in

  14. Situation and related factors of bacterial vaginosis among rural married women of childbearing age in Anhui province%安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女细菌性阴道病及相关因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高国朋; 张秀军; 侯赛; 孙业桓; 陶芳标; 余国斌; 赵东; 李修德; 李享

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女细菌性阴道病(BV)的现状及相关因素.方法:在保证市级代表性的基础上,分层、整群抽取18 ~ 49岁54 540例农村已婚育龄妇女进行健康问卷调查、妇科检查和实验室检查.结果:安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女BV患病率为11.9% (6361/53286),汉族、初潮年龄相对较早、月经周期正常(25 ~ 34天)、行经期正常(3 ~8天)、无原发性痛经、洗脚盆与洗下身盆分开罹患BV的可能性相对较低为保护因素;而已婚妇女学历越低、与丈夫性生活前清洗下身的频率越高越容易罹患BV为危险因素.BV患者中宫颈炎、滴虫性阴道炎和盆腔炎的患病率明显高于无BV妇女,是无BV妇女的0.6、0.7和0.7倍,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:安徽省农村已婚育龄妇女BV发生率较高且受多种因素影响,有关部门应开展有针对性的健康教育和妇科普查,做到早检查、早发现、早治疗.%Objective:To explore the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and related factors among married women of childbearing age in rural area of Anhui province.Methods:54 540 rural married women aged 15-49 were surveyed by a questionnaire,gynecological examination and lab examination for BV based on a stratified-cluster-random sampling design.Results:The prevelance of BV was 11.9% (6 361/53 286).Han nationality (OR =0.574,95 % CI:0.402 ~ 0.819),lower menarche age (OR =0.943,95 % CI:0.908 ~0.978),menstrual cycle in 25-34 days (OR =0.883,95% CI:0.816 ~ 0.956),menstruation in 3-8days (OR =0.803,95% CI:0.742 ~0.869),without dysmenorrheal (OR =0.870,95% CI:0.832 ~0.911) and the basin of washing genital separating from the basin of washing feet (OR =0.924,95% CI:0.869 ~ 0.982) were protective factors of BV,lower education level (OR =1.125,95% CI:1.090 ~ 1.162) and higher rate of washing genitalia before sexual intercourse (OR =1.126,95% CI:1.098 ~ 1

  15. 安徽省含山县肝豆状核变性的流行病学研究%Epidemiological study of hepatolenticular degeneration at Hanshan County, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡文彬; 韩咏竹; 薛本春; 程楠; 孙道银; 叶冬青; 杨任民

    2011-01-01

    目的 明确位于江淮之间丘陵地带的安徽省含山县肝豆状核变性(HLD)的发病率和患病率.方法 我们于2008年11月至2009年10月间,根据年龄分层、整群一级、随机抽样的原则,由专业人员采用裂隙灯检查双眼角膜K-F环作为筛查方法,在含山县境内的学校、工厂、社区、机关单位和村庄等地点的7~75岁年龄组人群中共检查了112 810人,同时了解每位被检查者有无脑、肝、肾、皮肤等器官受损害的临床表现.对发现为K-F环阳性者,以及有可疑的HLD临床表现者,进一步行铜生化、腹部超声等检查,必要时进行青霉胺负荷试验(PCT)等,从而确诊或排除其是否为HLD患者.结果 上述人群中确诊HLD患者7例,包括经典Wilson型、假性硬化型、精神障碍型和肝型各1例,症状前期者3例;其中3例已经发病的HLD患者的病程在1年以内.含山县HLD的发病率约为2.66/10万,患病率约为6.21/10万.结论 HLD并非为少见病,又因其为可治性遗传病,临床医师在日常临床诊疗实践中应该提高对该病的警惕性,力争做到早期发现、早期诊断、早期治疗,从而减少漏诊、误诊和误治.%Objective To identify the incidence and morbidity rates of haptolenticular degeneration (HLD) at Hanshan County, Anhui Province. Methods According to the principles of age stratification,cluster and random sampling, a total of 112 810 subjects were screened by cornea slit-lamp examination during the period of November 2008 to October 2009. The subjects were from recruited from schools,factories, communities, institutions and villages at Hanshan County. And they belonged to the age group of 7 -75 years. At the same time, each subject was evaluated by the clinical examination with regards to the presence of such clinical manifestations as brain, liver, kidney, skin and other organ damage. And the examinations of copper biochemistry and abdominal ultrasound were performed for those

  16. 安徽省滁州市储郢地区金矿找矿远景%Prospecting Prospective of the Gold Deposit in Chuzhou City,Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永杰; 闫李军; 杨艳

    2016-01-01

    安徽省滁州市储郢地区金矿点位于郯庐断裂带东侧、扬子陆块北缘滁州褶断带内,处于杨梅山背斜 NE 向延伸部位,在唐家洼—储郢地区称为百米山背斜,该矿点位于马厂—花山 NE向金铜成矿带上。区内出露的地层主要为震旦系灯影组和皮园村组、寒武系黄栗树组及侏罗系黄石坝组,主要为一套碳酸盐岩及硅质岩建造,构造部位主要处于杨梅山复式背斜北东端,该背斜为区内重要的赋矿构造。区内的主干构造———黄马断裂带具有主导的控岩控矿作用。在分析区域地质背景、地球化学特征的基础上,对区内控矿条件和找矿远景进行了分析。结果表明:①区内东部为黄石坝中生代火山岩盆地,1∶50000区域航磁资料显示,在火山岩下存在隐伏中—酸性侵入岩,为成矿作用提供了物质来源和热源;②区内震旦系灯影组中段 Au 丰度值(42×10-9)远高于区域Au 背景值(7×10-9),表明 Au 在赋矿层位内已有较强的集中,成矿物质基础较雄厚。%The gold occurrence of Chuying area,Anhui province is located in the Chuzhou plait bro-ken belt that is located in the east side of Tanlu fault zone and the north rim of Yangtze massif.The gold occurrence of Chuying area,Anhui province is located in the northeast extension area of Yangmeishan an-ticline,the Yangmeishan anticline is named as Baimishan anticline in Tangjiawa-Chuying area.The gold occurrence of Chuying area is located in Machang-Huashan northeast gold and copper metallogenic belt. The strata exposed in the area are mainly include Denying formation and Piyuancun formation of Sinian system,Huanglishu formation of Cambrian system and Huangshiba formation of Jurassic system,the main formation of the strata is a set of carbonate rocks and siliceous rocks.The tectonic position is located in the northeast compound anticline of Yangmeishan duplex anticline

  17. 安徽省皖江地区自然人群乙型肝炎流行现况调查%A cross-sectional survey on hepatitis B among general population in areas along Yangzi River in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽鸿; 李筱青; 叶冬青; 郑迎军; 葛阜阳; 蔡标; 黄芬

    2009-01-01

    Objective To describe the epidemic status of hepatitis B along the Yangzi River area,ill Anhui province.Methods A croSS-sectional seroepidemiological survey was conducted and the samples were collected by stratified cluster sampling.Serological biomarkers to hepatitis B virus were tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)reagents.Results Among 2282 people.the prevalence rates of HBsAg,HBsAb,HBeAg.HBeAb,HBeAb and hepatitis B virus infection were 9.8%,43.5%.1.0%,7.8%,10.3%and 40.6%respectively.The prevalence rate of HBsAg among males was higllel"than that offemales(P<0.05).The vaccination rate was 24.7%,higher in urban than in taral areas.The vaccination rate was high in children younger than ten years old and in students.The prevalence rates of HBsAg and HBV among people who had received vaccines were lower than those who had not.Conclusion The standardized prevalence rates of HBsAg(9.3%)Was high in the area along the Yangzi River in Althai province.The vaccinate rate Was low in the country side.Expanded vaccinate which can obviously reduce the prevalence rate of HBsAg should be enhanced.%目的 了解安徽省皖汀地区自然人群乙型肝炎(乙肝)病毒(HBV)感染状况.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法对皖汀地区自然人群进行问卷调查并采集血标本,用ELISA方法检测HBV感染标志.结果 在2282例血清标本中,乙肝HBsAg、HBsAb、HBeAg、HBeAb及HBcAb流行率分别为9.8%、43.5%、1.0%、7.8%、10.3%;HBV总感染率(HBV流行率)为40.6%(926/2282).HBsAg流行率男性高于女性(X2=3.992,P<0.05).乙肝疫苗的接种率为24.7%(539/2178),10岁以下年龄组疫苗接种率最高为97.4%(76/78),学生疫苗接种率较高为78.2%(355/454),乙肝疫苗接种率农村低于城市.接种乙肝疫苗后HBsAg及HBV流行率均显著降低(P<0.01).结论 皖江地区HBsAg的标化流行率为9.3%,为全国乙肝高流行区;尤其是农村地区乙肝疫苗接种率偏低.

  18. Assessment of undiscovered continuous gas resources of the Ordos Basin Province, China, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Marra, Kristen R.; Mercier, Tracey J.

    2016-01-11

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean resources of 28 trillion cubic feet of tight gas and 5.6 trillion cubic feet of coalbed gas in upper Paleozoic rocks in the Ordos Basin Province, China.

  19. Prevalence and characterization of human Shigella infections in Henan Province, China, in 2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xia, S.; Xu, B.; Huang, L.

    2011-01-01

    In 2006, 3531 fecal samples were collected from patients with diarrhea in Henan Province, China. A total of 467 (13.2%) Shigella strains were isolated and serotyped. Seventy-one Shigella flexneri strains were characterized by MIC determination, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and detection...

  20. Diversity of Penicillium species isolated from heavy metal polluted soil in Guizhou Province, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qing-Xin, Zhou; Houbraken, J.; Li, Qi-Rui; Hyde, K.D.; McKenzie, E.H.C.; Wang, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Seven Penicillium strains were isolated from soil samples polluted by heavy metals in different zones of Guizhou Province, China. Phenotypic identification proved to be difficult and this data was therefore supplemented with ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region and partial β-tubulin sequence

  1. Local Sustainable Energy Assessment Report of the Guandong Province in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jan; Lund, Søren

    The publication reports a sustainable energy assessment at the local project site of the HighARCS project in Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, China. The assessment has been made as a contribution to the elaboration of biodiversity conservation and livelihoods improvement action plans. It proposes...

  2. Alignment between High School Biology Curriculum Standard and the Standardised Tests of Four Provinces in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qun; Liu, Enshan

    2012-01-01

    With the development and implementation of new curriculum standards, the field tests of education reform in senior high schools began in 2004 in four pilot provinces in mainland China. After five years of the reform, it is necessary to know how and to what extent the curriculum standard guides test classroom instruction. The present study was…

  3. Status and Development of Foundry Industry in Liaoning Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Hou-yan; ZHANG Yun-hua; WANG Bo

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 General situation The Liaoning province is famous for the machine building industry and the iron-steel industry in China. The foundry industry also has fully been developed in Liaoning. There are about 3 000 foundries and (1.1-1.2) × 105 employees in Liaoning's foundry industry and the total yield of castings is 2.4 million tons.

  4. Eight new species of the genus Sinopotamon from Jiangxi Province, China (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Potamidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ai-Yun, Dai; Xian-Min, Zhou; Wei-Dong, Peng

    1995-01-01

    Fifteen species of freshwater crabs belonging to the genus Sinopotamon are recorded from Jiangxi Province, S.E. China. Eight species are new to science and these are described: S. xiushuiense, S. jiujiangense, S. wanzaiense, S. anyuanense, S. siguqiaoense, S. linhuanense, S. yushanense and S ninggan

  5. MICA/B genotyping of Tujias from Zhangjiajie, Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y J; Zhang, N J; Chen, E; Chen, C J; Bu, Y H; Yu, P

    2016-04-01

    One hundred eighty-seven Tujia individuals from Zhangjiajie, Hunan Province, China were genotyped at the MICA and MICB loci using polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming and sequencing-based typing methods. MICA and MCB genotypes are consistent with expected HW proportions. These genotype data are available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database.

  6. Zinc intake and dietary pattern in Jiangsu Province, China: consequences of nutrition transition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qin, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Jiangsu Province is an economically booming area in East China, where soil zinc concentrations are low. Nutrition transition to a dietary pattern with more animal source foods may have improved zinc intake in this area. However, such a transition may also have increased

  7. 基于灰色系统(GRAY)的安徽省城市生态环境质量综合评价及对策研究%Study on ecological environment quality comprehensive evaluations and countermeasures based on GRAY of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷思友; 范君

    2015-01-01

    This study uses GRAY to comprehensively evaluate ecological environment quality of Anhui province . By comparing and sifting evaluation index according to relevant literature and constructing quality evaluation in-dex system of urban cities,the paper determines the evaluation index weight via Delph method and in combina -tion with 2013Statistical Yearbook data of Anhui province , conducts a comprehensive evaluation of its ecological environment quality and concludes the integrated sorting of urban ecological quality.The results suggest that the ecological environment quality in the southern cities of Anhui province is better while that of the northern cities is poor, especially that of coal resource-based two cities of Huainan and Huaibei which ranks last .Moreover,the paper analyzes the problems existent in those two cities and proposes corresponding countermeasures and sugges -tions.%利用灰色系统综合评价法( GRAY)对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价。通过参考相关研究文献比较筛选评价指标,构建城市环境质量评价指标体系,用Delph法确定评价指标权重,结合2013年安徽省统计年鉴数据资料,对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价,得出城市生态环境质量综合排序。研究结果表明安徽省南部城市生态环境质量较好,北部城市生态环境质量较差,尤其是安徽省两淮煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量综合排名处于最后,对两淮煤炭资源型城市生态城市建设存在的问题进行分析,并提出了相应的对策建议。

  8. Assessing the spatial accessibility of hospital care in Sichuan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay Pan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Regional disparities in geographical access to hospital care are found throughout China. Understanding variations in the spatial accessibility of hospital care has the potential to provide decision support in healthcare planning. This study examines the hospital system in the Sichuan Province in China, which provides healthcare for more than 80 million people. We examine the impacts of accessibility characterisation via the conventional measurement approach by comparing the results to those derived using a floating catchment area approach. Employing a geographical information system based on population and hospital administrative data, we conducted a provincewide study of the spatial accessibility of hospital care in Sichuan Province, China. A shortest-path analysis and the enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA method were implemented. Substantial differences between these two approaches were found, including a roughly 15% difference in the total number of under-served areas. Generally, spatial accessibility was higher in the eastern regions of Sichuan. More than 5.5 million people were found to have limited access, with large variations across the province. These results indicate that the official method used by policy makers in China may not capture the true nature of spatial accessibility throughout the region. We recommend that the E2SFCA method be implemented for health services research in China, providing decision makers with more accurate information when setting healthcare policies.

  9. Study on the method of annual climatic assessment of Anhui Province in the past 50 years%近50年安徽省气候年景评估方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石磊; 王胜; 盛绍学

    2012-01-01

    The meteorological data and meteorological disaster information in Anhui Prov- ince from 1961 to 2010 were used to select the evaluating indicators of climatic event and disaster according to the extreme weather events, technical regulation and relative stand- ard for meteorological disaster assessment. The weight of each indicator was built by prin- cipal component analysis. The anomaly assessment models of climatic event and disaster damage, including drought, flood, low-temperature freezing disasters, high temperature, wind-hailstone and fog, were built by using the weighted integration method. On this ba- sis, the annual climatic assessment model was established with grey relational analysis, and index series for annual climatic assessment of Anhui in recent 50 years were worked out. By reference to the percentile method recommended by World Meteorological Organi- zation (WMO), we tried to determine the threshold values, and established standards for annual climatic assessment grade, taking 0-10%, 10%-30%, 30%-70%, 70%-90% and 90%-100% as good, fair, not good, bad and harsh climate condition, respectively. The results of annual climatic assessment for the recent 50 years showed that the climate situa tion in 1965, 1973, 1975, 1993, and 1997 was good, while that in 1966, 1969, 1991, 1996 and 1998 was bad. Among them, assessment result of 1991 was the worst. Through veri- fication with historical meteorological disaster information and integrated disaster damage model, the method and standard of annual climatic assessment could reflect the true cli- mate condition. The studies provide technological support for annual climatic assessment for the province, city and county units, which can be used for researching the effects of climate and climate change on the sensitive affairs by constructing evaluating indicators and annual climatic assessment model, as well as making annual climatic assessment grade ac- cording to the threshold values.%利用安徽省1961

  10. Iodine deficiency and iodine excess in Jiangsu Province, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhao, J.

    2001-01-01

    Keywords:iodine deficiency, iodine excess, endemic goiter, drinking water, iodine intake, thyroid function, thyroid size, iodized salt, iodized oil, IQ, physical development, hearing capacity, epidemiology, meta-analysis, IDD, randomized trial, intervention, USA, Bangladesh, ChinaEndemic goiter can

  11. Status and Developing Strategies of Rural Advertising Communication in Anhui Province Based on Perspective of Consumer Behavior%基于消费者行为视角的安徽省农村广告传播现状及发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡麒麟

    2012-01-01

    以安徽省碧山村为例,从农村消费者行为视角出发,分析安徽省农村的广告传播现状与消费者的行为与心理特征,据此提出农村广告传播策略,以期为企业开拓农村市场、制定广告策略提供参考。%Taking the Bishan Village in Anhui Province as the case village,the status of rural advertising communication and consumption habits and phychological feature from the perspective of consumer behavior were analyzed. The strategies of rural advertising communication were proposed, so as to provide references for enterprise to develop rural market and establish advertising strategy.

  12. 中式连锁餐饮企业基层员工自愿离职原因分析--以安徽A公司为例%Cause Analysis of the Frequent Turnover of Grassroots Employees in Chinese Catering Chain Enterprises---A Case Study of Company A in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鹏; 汪燕

    2015-01-01

    Taking company A in Anhui province as a case, the paper tries to find out the reasons of the frequent turnover of the grassroots employees in Chinese catering chains enterprises through questionnaires and interviews. Based on the study, it puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions, and sums up the experience of exit interview.%论文以安徽某中式连锁餐饮企业为例,采用问卷调查与面谈相结合的方法,对中式连锁餐饮企业基层员工的离职原因进行了具体分析,并提出了相应对策与建议,总结了离职面谈的相关经验。

  13. Characterization of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from Jiangsu and Anhui provinces%禽致病性大肠杆菌江苏、安徽分离株的生物学特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白灏; 冀辉; 韩先干; 龚建森; 董洪亮; 丁铲; 祁克宗; 于圣青

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] The aim of this study was to study the main serotypes and the biological characteristics of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated from Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.[Methods] The tested strains were isolated from sick poultry and identified by slide agglutination to determine serotypes.Virulence-associated genes were identified by PCR and the drug susceptibilities were detected according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).Moreover,the biofilm-forming abilities were detected through improved crystal violet semi-quantitative method.[Results] In total 56 strains were isolated and identified.Slide agglutination results show that O78 was the main serotype accounted for 64.29% of the isolates.PCR amplification results of the virulence-associated genes showed thatfimC,pfs,ompA and luxS were amplified from more than 90% of the tested strains.Drug sensitivity test results showed that 58.93% of the strains were resistant to more than 8 antibiotics.Biofilm formation assay showed that 16 isolates produced moderate or strong biofilm in vitro,in which 68.75% were resistant to more than 8 antibiotics.[Conclusion] O78 was the main serotype among the isolates.The genes of fimC,pfs,ompA and luxS were conserved in APEC.Multi-antibiotic resistance was very common and drug resistance seemed relative to biofilm-forming ability.%[目的]研究禽致病性大肠杆菌(Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli,APEC)江苏、安徽分离株的优势血清型,并分析其生物学特性.[方法]对分离自病禽的细菌进行鉴定,采用玻片凝集法测定禽致病性大肠杆菌的血清型,PCR方法检测14种毒力基因的分布,采用美国临床和实验室标准化研究所的方法进行药物敏感性检测,改良结晶紫半定量法检测分离细菌的生物被膜形成能力. [结果]共分离到禽致病性大肠杆菌56株,血清型检测结果表明,O78血清型占64.29%,为主要血清型.毒力基因检测显示,fimC、pfs

  14. Capacity building for primary health care reform and its effectiveness in Feixi county, Anhui province%安徽省肥西县基层卫生服务能力提升改革及其成效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金音子; 何莉; 岳大海; 朱炜明; 张鲁豫; 马慧芬; 孟庆跃

    2015-01-01

    目的::分析安徽省肥西县基层卫生服务能力提升改革措施及成效,为深化基层医疗卫生服务体系改革提供参考。方法:采用关键知情人访谈、政策文件和档案资料分析以及机构问卷调查等方法收集资料,定性和定量研究结合,通过交叉分析和解释得出研究发现。结果:2010—2014年,肥西县从基层卫生人员能力、卫生服务体系网络建设、工作条件改善、机构管理制度建设四方面进行改革后,基层卫生人员能力提升、工作积极性增加、收入提高,基层卫生条件改善,纵向和横向医疗服务协作机制建立,县内就诊率和基层卫生服务利用提高。结论:肥西县“自下而上”的探索路径和“以点带面”的试点推行,不仅是基层卫生体系综合改革的核心内容,也有效撬动了其它方面的改革,触动了医疗卫生体系体制机制。%Objective:To analyze the implementation and effectiveness of primary health care reform in Feixi county, Anhui province. Methods: This paper uses data analysis of interviews with key insiders, policy documents and archives, as well as institutional questionnaire survey and other methods to collect information, and then it com-bines qualitative and quantitative research to arrive at research findings through cross-analysis and interpretation. Re-sults:From 2010 to 2014, the reform enhanced the capacity of primary health care in four main aspects, including capacity building of primary health care personnel, network construction of primary health care system, improvement of working conditions, and system construction of institutional management. Accordingly, the human capacity of pri-mary health care personnel was improved, their enthusiasm for work increased, their income was raised, the working conditions were improved, the cooperation mechanism for vertical and horizontal health care services was established, and the consultation rate

  15. Epidemiological investigation on cancer incidences between 2009 and 2011 in Tongling City in Anhui Province%安徽省铜陵市2009-2011年恶性肿瘤流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑睿智; 何益新; 胡婧婷; 汪孝东; 章清荷; 杨林胜; 黄芬

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the incidence and the spectrum of cancers in Tongling City in Anhui Province in 2009-2011, and to identify the influential factors of gastrointestinal cancer. Methods The information of the cancer cases was obtained by interviewing the Centers for Disease Control Prevention of and all the community health service centers in the city. 100 cases of gastrointestinal cancer and 100 controls were selected to implement a case-control study. Results A total of 5 288 cancer cases (3 451 male that occupied 65. 26% of all the cases, and 1 837 female that occupied 34. 74% ) were identified in 2009-2011. The average overall standardized cancer incidence was 190. 15/100 000 (250. 37/100 000 for male and 133. 18/100 000 for female). The results of the ease-control study of the gastrointestinal cancer indicated that the risk factors were smoking, drinking raw water, ingesting more pickle and fish, and the protective factors were ingesting more fruits, eggs, bean and milk. Conclusions Gastrointestinal cancer is the leading cancer in the population of Tongling City, and unhealthy diet is the main risk factor for gastrointestinal cancer.%目的 了解2009-2011年安徽省铜陵市主要恶性肿瘤发病的分布及构成情况,以及影响消化道肿瘤发病的相关因素.方法 通过该市疾病预防控制中心及社区卫生服务中心,收集2009-2011年各类肿瘤的发病资料;并随机抽取100位消化道肿瘤患者及100位健康对照进行病例对照研究.结果 2009-2011年新发恶性肿瘤5 288例,男3 451例,占65.26%;女1 837例,占34.74%.年均标化发病率为190.15/10万,男性年标化发病率为250.37/10万,女性年标化发病率为133.18/10万.病例对照研究结果显示消化道肿瘤的危险因素为:吸烟史、饮用生水、腌制品摄入和水产类摄入;保护因素为:水果摄入和豆、奶类摄入.结论 消化道肿瘤是威胁该市居民健康的最主要肿瘤,不良饮食习惯是消化道肿

  16. 安徽脊髓小脑性共济失调患者基因型与中医证型相关性%Relationship between Genotypes and Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndromes in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Patients from Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程楠; 赵静; 王训; 喻绪恩; 胡纪源; 韩咏竹; 杨任民

    2012-01-01

    目的 通过探讨脊髓小脑性共济失调(spinocerebellar ataxia,SCA)患者基因型与中医证型的关系,为SCA的辨证客观化提供依据.方法 检测59例来自安徽地区的家族性或散发性SCA患者的基因型,以30例无血缘关系的健康人为对照.对这些SCA患者进行辨证分型,分析其基因型与中医证型的相关性.结果 本组59例SCA患者有17例检出SCA3基因亚型,有7例检出SCA1基因亚型.上述患者中医证型表现为肾精亏虚型、脾肾两虚型、肝肾阴虚型、肾虚血瘀型4种,且以肾精亏虚型和脾肾两虚型为主.其中SCA3基因亚型患者与脾肾两虚型相关,而SCA1基因亚型患者与上述证型均无相关性.结论 研究初步证实,不同基因亚型的SCA患者与中医证型可能存在相关性,SCA患者不同的中医证型应有其相应的分子基础.%Objective To provide a basis for the objectification of syndrome-differentiation in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) patients, via studying the relationship between genotypes of SCA and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes. Methods A total of 59 familial or sporadic SCA patients from Anhui province were collected according to inclusion criteria, and their SCA genotypes were detected, and other 30 unrelated healthy people served as controls. Their TCM syndrome types were differentiated, and the relationship between SCA genotypes and TCM syndrome types were analyzed. Results Of 59 SCA patients,17 were diagnosed as SCA3 genotype, and 7 as SCA1 genotype. Four TCM syndrome types were found among these patients, including kidney essence deficiency, asthenia of both spleen and kidney, asthenia of both kidney-yin and liver-yin, and kidney deficiency complicated with blood stasis, with kidney essence deficiency and asthenia of both spleen and kidney being the most common types. The SCA3 genotype was significantly related to asthenia of both spleen and kidney, while SCA1 genotype did not correlate with any of the four TCM

  17. Design and Application of the Weather Indices of Winter Wheat Planting Insurance in Anhui Province%安徽省冬小麦种植保险天气指数设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨太明; 刘布春; 孙喜波; 李德; 荀尚培

    2013-01-01

    For the design of winter wheat planting weather insurance product ,5 weather indices of winter wheat planting insurance were established, through analyzed the relationship of historical yield loss and disaster weather index, based on the 1993 - 2009 daily meteorological monitoring data combined with main agro-meteorological disasters for the regional winter wheat during the growing season. These weather indices included drought index, late spring frost index, dry hot wind index, continuous overcast-rain index Ⅰ and continuous overcast-rain index Ⅱ . Index insurance trigger value and compensation standards were established through analyzed the relationship of historical weather index payment ratio and historical yield loss ratio, defined the function of base risk, and minimized base risk. The weather insurance product was tested in Yongqiao district, Suzhou city, Anhui province. The product was sold and covered 1300ha from 2010 to 2012. The insurance premium was more than 110 thousands yuan, and the insurance indemnity was more than 220 thousands yuan due to the trigger of drought index. It can be concluded that the application of the weather insurance product can objectively and quickly provide economic compensation for disaster loss.%利用安徽省宿州市1993-2009年的逐日气象数据并结合区域冬小麦生育期的主要农业气象灾害,通过对历史产量损失与主要灾害的气象指标进行对比分析,为设计小麦种植天气指数保险产品,确定了干旱指数、倒春寒指数、干热风指数、阴雨日数指数Ⅰ、阴雨日数指数Ⅱ共5个小麦关键生育期天气指数.通过历史天气指数赔付率与历史产量损失率的对比,定义基差风险函数和最小化基差风险,确定指数保险赔付的触发值及赔付标准.将设计的保险产品在安徽省宿州市试验应用,2010-2012年成功销售推广1300hm2,总保费约11万元,因触发干旱指数,实际赔付额超过22万元.表明

  18. Study on job satisfaction of community health workers in Anhui province%安徽省社区卫生服务人员工作满意度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁宏; 徐寅; 何振仿; 钱兴平; 徐希平

    2012-01-01

    Objective Measuring job satisfaction level of community health workers,providing on the evidences for the design of the relevant policy and the evaluation of job effect.Methods 57 Community Health Service centers and 54 stations were randomly selected in 12 cities in Anhui province,and all staff on the job were investigated.The questionnaires were delivered to the working staff and anonymously filled in by them.Results The total job satisfaction average score of the staff is 110.84± 18.18.The average score of pay(10.05±2.99),welfare(10.35±3.17)and promotion(10.85±3.00)are rather low.The average score of coworkers(14.78±2.11),nature of work(14.60±2.69)and supervision (13.90±3.00)are quite high.Logistic regression analysis shows the staff's duration and title are the main factors affecting their overall job satisfaction.Conclusion The overall job satisfaction level of community health workers is not high.Establishing the reasonable system of pay,welfare mechanism and the predictable promotion space are feasible choices to promote job satisfaction of community health workers%目的 测量社区卫生服务人员工作满意度水平,为相关政策设计及效果评价提供决策依据.方法 在安徽省12个城市,随机抽取社区卫生服务中心57个、服务站54个为调查现场,被抽取的调查现场全部在岗人员均作为调查对象.调查人员现场发放调查问卷,由被调查者匿名自行填写.结果 被调查对象总体满意度平均得分110.84±18.18分;薪酬、福利及晋升等3个评价维度满意度平均得分水平较低,分别为10.05±2.99分、10.35±3.17分和10.85±3.00分;同事关系、工作性质及领导等3个评价维度满意度平均得分水平较高,分别为14.78±2.11分、14.60±2.69分和13.90±3.00分;logistic回归分析发现工作年数及职称是工作总体满意度的影响因素.结论 社区卫生服务人员工作总体满意度水平不高;建立合理的薪酬、福利机制和可预期

  19. 皖南山区学生并殖吸虫感染现状调查分析%Investigation on Paragonimus infection status in elementary school students in the mountain areas of southern Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘道华; 汪天平; 郭见多; 张世清; 方益民; 汪业彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解皖南山区学生并殖吸虫感染现状及其易感因素。方法采用随机整群抽样的方法,采集黄山市936名小学生末梢血,利用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)法检测血清中并殖吸虫特异抗体IgM和IgG,以确定其感染情况;同时进行《并殖吸虫易感因素》的问卷调查,分析其感染的危险因素。结果并殖吸虫总感染率为12.07%(113/936),各县区感染率的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);单因素分析结果显示,在不同性别、是否食用溪蟹、饮用水源不同、是否喝生水及对并殖吸虫知识不同知晓情况的调查对象中,其感染率的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论黄山市小学生并殖吸虫感染率较高,该地区仍是并殖吸虫流行的疫源地。男性、食用溪蟹及不了解并殖吸虫预防知识的人群更易感染并殖吸虫,应作为重点防治对象。%Objective To investigate the Paragonimus infection status and predisposing factors to this species in primary school students living in the mountain areas of southern Anhui province. Methods By ran⁃dom cluster sampling method, we conducted a survey on 936 students in Huangshan City by obtaining the peripheral blood samples which were determined for the Paragonimus specific antibodies(IgM and IgG) by ELI⁃SA to examine the infection status. Besides, self-programmed questionnaire on the susceptibility to Paragoni⁃mus infection was performed to analyze risk factors. Results The overall infection rate with Paragonimus was 12.07% (113/936), and varied significantly in students from different areas(P<0.05). Single factor analysis showed that the infection rate was dissimilar in different genders, and students with or without history of in⁃gestion of crabs, intake of unboiled water or drinking water from different sources, as well as knowledge and awareness of Paragonimus infection(P<0.05). Conclusion Higher infection rate with

  20. 安徽省淮北市中学教师职业倦怠现状调查%Status of the job burnout among middle school teachers in Huaibei City of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苌光锤; 鲁峰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of the job burnout among middle school teachers in Huaibei City of Anhui Province, and to provide the basis for teachers' physical and moral integrity development Methods A total of 310 teachers from 4 middle schools in Huaibei City were selected with stratified random sampling to undergo a survey with teacher job burnout questionnaire (MBI-ES).Results The scores of the participants in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment dimensious were 2.53 ±0.59, 2.04 ±0.79, and 3.12 ± 1.09.There were significant differences between male and female teachers in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions ( P < 0.05 ).The teachers in vocational schools had the lowest scores in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions (2.23 ± 0.88 and 1.86 ± 0.65 ), and had the highest score in personal accomplishment dimension ( 3.40 ±± 0.68 ), and there were significant differences among the teachers from different kinds of schools in three dimensions ( P < 0.01 ).Conclusion The results show that the level of job burnout of middle school teachers is not serious in Huaibei City, but a substantial proportion of teachers tend to have job burnout%目的 了解中学教师职业倦怠的状况,为促进教师的身心健康发展提供依据.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法,抽取安徽省淮北市4所中学的310名教师,采用教师职业倦怠量表(MBI-ES)进行调查.结果 调查对象的情绪衰竭、去个性化和自我成就感3个维度的得分分别为2.53±0.59分、2.04±0.79分和3.12±1.09分.男女教师在情绪衰竭和去个性化2个维度上的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).职业中学教师在情绪衰竭和去个性化2个维度上的得分最低,分别为2.23±0.88分和1.86±0.65分,而在自我成就感上的得分最高,为3.40±0.68分,不同学校类型的教师在3个维度上的得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 淮北地区中学教师的职业

  1. 安徽省某镇空巢老人抑郁因素分析%Depression prevalence status and the influencing factors in empty nest elderly in a town of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹丹; 臧娜; 何培丽; 崔冉冉; 韦真珍; 袁慧

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省某镇空巢老人抑郁现状,分析其相关影响因素.方法:采用整群抽样方法选择安徽省某镇作为研究地区,以生活质量问卷SF-36及抑郁自评量表SDS对60岁以上老人进行调查.结果:共调查695名老人,抑郁症状检出率为20.43%;其中非空巢老人352人,抑郁症状检出率为13.92%;空巢老人343人,抑郁症状检出率为27.11%,其中空巢夫妻同住老人256人,抑郁症状检出率为25.78%;空巢独居老人87人,抑郁症状检出率为31.03%;空巢独居老人抑郁症状检出率最高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).Logistic回归分析显示性别(OR=0.543)、经济收入(OR=0.518)、对生活满意度(OR=0.499)、家庭关系(OR=1.632)与抑郁症状相关.结论:空巢老人的抑郁症状发生率较高,影响因素复杂,我们应加强对空巢老人特别是独居空巢老人的关注,从提高经济收入、改善家庭关系等方面有针对性地提供更多的社会支持.%Objective: To survey on the depression prevalence status among the empty nest elderly living in a town oi Anhui province and analyze the related influencing factors. Methods : By randomized duster sampling, the empty nest population aged over 60 in an township area were surveyed using Quality oi Life Questionnaire( SF-36 ) and Sell-Rating Depression scale( SDS ). Results: The detected rate for depression was 20. 43% in the total 695 subjects,in whom 352 were non-empty nest elderly and 343 were empty living, and the depression detectable was 13. 92% for the farmer and 27. 1 1 % for the latter. Detectable depression wai also found in 256( 25.78 % ) subjects living with their spouse and in 87( 31. 03 % ) of single empty living, which suggested that the emotional disorder most hit the empty nest elderly oi single living and had statistical difference ( P <0. 001 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that the depressive state wai associated with sexes( OR = 0. 543 ), family income( OR = 0.518 ), living

  2. Contrastive Analysis of Evolution of Land Use Structure in Developed Area and Developing Area A Case Study on Suzhou of Jiangsu Province and Suzhou of Anhui Province%经济发达地区与欠发达地区土地利用结构演化比较——以江苏省苏州市和安徽省宿州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔伟峰; 孙在宏; 兰晓华; 王亚华

    2012-01-01

    The contrastive study on evolution of land use structure in developed area and developing area can provide theoretical basis of sustainable land use. Based on the index model of number, extent change of land use and information entropy theory, using the land survey data of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province and Suzhou of Anhui Province from 1998 to 2008, the author analyzes and contrasts the regulations and differences on evolution of the land use structure. The result shows that in these 10 years : Main land types, such as agriculture land, settlement and incompatible industry land and transportation land, have the same change direction in this two cities, but the change ranges and speed of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province are more than Suzhou of Anhui Province; even through the index of land use degree are both highly, the index of Suzhou of Jiangsu Province is increasing quickly and in a high-speed development period and the Suzhou of Anhui Province is much slow, with years going, the gap of the index have become 9.36 in 2008; information entropy increases year by year with a tendency from fast to slow and the Suzhou of Jiangsu Province increases more quickly, so that land use systems become complex and disordered in two cities. The direction of land use in the future is to improve land use structure by taking actions that suit local circumstances.%以苏州市和宿州市为代表,对经济发达地区与欠发达地区的土地利用结构演化进行比较研究。在土地利用数量、程度变化分析模型和信息熵理论支持下,分析比较了1998--2008年两市土地利用结构演化规律及其差异。结果表明:两市耕地、居民点及工矿用地和交通运输用地等主要地类的变化方向相同,且苏州市的变化幅度的绝对值和变化速度均远大于宿州市;两市的土地利用程度均较高,苏州市该指数的增长总体上维持在较高水平,处于高速发展期,宿州市则较为稳定,处于缓慢的

  3. Spatial Analysis of the Evolvement of Urban and Rural Economic Disparity in Yunnan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The per capita disposable income of urban households and the per capita net income of rural households in Yunnan Province are selected as the variable indices.Data are from the Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and the Yunnan Statistical Yearbook.Theil index and RHL value are used to carry out quantitative research on the occurrence,development and change of urban and rural economic disparity in Yunnan Province,China.Regression analysis on the evolvement trend of urban and rural economic disparity and spatial analysis on the convergence and divergence of urban and rural disparity caused by economic growth in Yunnan Province are carried out.Result shows that cities in Yunnan Province show a downward convergence;while rural areas show a downward divergence in the years 1978-2007,causing the economic disparity between urban and rural areas.Therefore,urban and rural disparity increases in Yunnan Province and the development of rural areas lags far behind the development of urban areas.Urban and rural economic disparity in Yunnan Province shows an inverted "U" shape of Kuznets Curve.In order to promote the coordinated development of urban and rural economy,suggestions are put forward,such as adopting the unbalanced development strategy,accelerating the overall economic development,promoting the development of small and medium-sized cities,enhancing the integration of urban and rural economics,appropriately supporting rural areas under poverty,and fully exerting the comparative advantage.

  4. 安徽省市售大米铅、镉、汞污染状况及健康风险评价%Pollution and Risk Evaluation of Lead, Cadmium and Mercury in Rice in the markets of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许瑶

    2011-01-01

    测定安徽省市售大米中的重金属元素铅、镉、汞,评估其污染状况,并进行健康风险评价,为保障人们饮食安全提供科学依据。采用ICP—MS法,共检测了101份样品。其中铅检出率为40%,超标率为0;镉检出率为100%,超标率为0;汞检出率为69%,超标率为0。健康风险评价结果表明,安徽省市售大米中的铅、镉、汞对人体健康风险影响较小,镉对人体健康影响存在一定的风险。%To determine heavy metals of lead, cadmium and mercury in rice in the market of Anhui Province, assess the pollution condition, do health risk evaluation and provide the scientific basis for safeguarding people's diet security. The determination is conducted by means of ICP-MS. 101 samples are tested. The detection rate of lead is 40%, and the overcontent rate is zero. The detection rate of cadmium is 100%, and the overcontent rate is zero. The detection rate of mercury is 69%, and the overcontent rate is zero. Health risk evaluation results show that the content of lead, cadmium and mercury in rice in the markets of Anhui Province have little influence on people's health. But the content of cadmium has some risk to people's health.

  5. Main Clay Minerals in Soils of Fujian Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGGUO; ZHANGWEIMING; 等

    1996-01-01

    The clay minerals of more than 200 soil samples collected from various sites of Fujian Province were studied by the X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy to study their distribution and evolution.Montmorillonite was found in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit,and some lateritic red soil,red soil and yellow soil with a low weathering degree.Chlorite existed mainly in coastal solonchak and paddy soil developed from marine deposit.1.4nm intergradient mineral appeared frequently in yellow soil,red soil and lateritic red soil.The content of 1.4nm intergradient mineral increased with the decrease of weathering degree from lateritic red soil to red soil to yellow soil.Hydrous micas were more in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit.and puple soil from purple shale than in other soils.Kaolinte was the most important clay mineral in the soils iun this province.The higher the soil weathering degree,the more the kaolinite existed.From yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil,kaolinite increased gradually,Kaolinite was the predominant clay mineral accompanied by few other minerals in typical lateritic red soil. Tubular halloysite was a widespread clay mineral in soils of Fujian Province with varying quantities.The soil derived from the paent rocks rich in feldspar contained more tubular halloysite.Spheroidal halloysite was found in a red soil and a paddy soil developed from olivine basalt gibbsite in the soils in this district was largely“primary gibbsite” which formed in the early weathering stage.Gibbsite decreased with the increase of weathering degree from yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil.Goethite also decreased in the same sequence while hematite increased.

  6. The integrated risk assessment and zoning of meteorological disaster in Heilongjiang Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes studies on the integrated risk assessment and zoning of meteorological disaster in Heilongjiang Province,in northeastern China,by using information-diffusion theory and cluster method with 35 years of summer temperature and precipitation data from 74 meteorological stations from 1971 through 2005.The information-diffusion theory has been used extensively in risk assessment,yet almost no one has done research about risk assessment by information-diffusion theory based on meteorological disaster standards.Some research results are as follows:the risk probability of low temperature and cold damage in the northern region is higher than that in the southern region;the risk probability of general low temperature and cold damage in the southwestern region is the highest;the risk probability of serious low temperature and cold damage in the northern region is the highest,followed by the central and southeast region;the high-risk region of arid disaster in Heilongjiang Province was primarily located in the southwestern,central,and southern parts of the province;the high-intensity arid disaster was located in the south-eastern region;the high-risk region of flood in Heilongjiang Province was primarily located from the southwest and then across the central part to the western part of Heilongjiang Province;the high-intensity flood disasters were located in almost every part of Heilongjiang Province.We can conclude from the integrated meteorological disaster risk zoning that the high-risk region of mete-orological disaster is primarily located in the southern and northern part of the province,the moderate-risk region is distributed in the central southern region and western region,the low-risk region is located in the eastern part,and the light-risk region is located in the central western part of Heilongjiang Province.

  7. Rare Earth Element Geochemistry of Calcite from the World-class Huize Pb-Zn Deposits, Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zhi-long; ZHOU Mei-fu; LI Xiao-biao; LI Wen-bo; JIN Zhong-guo

    2008-01-01

    @@ The world-class Huize Pb-Zn deposits of Yunnan province, China, is located in the center of the Sichuan-Yun-nan-Guizhou Pb-Zn polymetallic metallogenic province, has Pb+Zn reserves of more than 5 million tons at Pb+Zn grade of higher than 25% and contains abundant metals, such as Ag, Ge, Cd, and Ga.

  8. Spatial analysis of dengue fever in Guangdong Province, China, 2001-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chunxiao; Liu, Qiyong; Lin, Hualiang; Xin, Benqiang; Nie, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Guangdong Province is the area most seriously affected by dengue fever in China. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of dengue fever in Guangdong Province from 2001 to 2006 with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation. Annualized incidence at a county level was calculated and mapped to show crude incidence, excess hazard, and spatial smoothed incidence. Geographic information system-based spatial scan statistics was conducted to detect the spatial distribution pattern of dengue fever incidence at the county level. Spatial scan cluster analyses suggested that counties around Guangzhou City and Chaoshan Region were at increased risk for dengue fever (P dengue fever were found in Guangdong Province, which allowed intervention measures to be targeted for maximum effect.

  9. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Guangdong Province, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Juan; Lin, Xuhui; Zhang, Longxian; Qi, Nanshan; Liao, Shenquan; Lv, Minna; Wu, Caiyan; Sun, Mingfei

    2015-06-01

    To investigate the prevalence and assess the zoonotic transmission burden of Cryptosporidium species in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province, Southern China, 244 fecal samples were collected from four pigeon breeding farms between June 2012 and March 2013. Cryptosporidium oocysts were purified by Sheather's sugar flotation technique and characterized by DNA sequencing of small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene. Cryptosporidium species were determined by comparison of sequences with corresponding Cryptosporidium sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis using neighbor-joining (NJ) in MEGA5.2. The overall prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province was 0.82% (2/244). Two Cryptosporidium species, namely Cryptosporidium baileyi and Cryptosporidium meleagridis, were identified in Huizhou and Chaozhou farm, respectively. These findings confirmed the existence of C. meleagridis infection in domestic pigeons in China for the first time and provided base-line information for further studies to evaluate the public health risk from pigeon to human.

  10. Establishment of management information system for SARS surveillance and control in Shaanxi province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Jian-hui; QU Jing-hui; XU De-zhong; YAN Yong-ping; ZHANG Zhi-ying; ZHANG Heng; WEN Liang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To develop the management information system for SARS surveillance and control in Shaanxi province of China responding to the urgent needs for preventing and curing SARS disease.Methods: Based on geographic information system technology, the management information system for SARS disease in Shaanxi province of China was established using "SuperMap Objects 3.0" GIS development platform and Delphi 7.0. Results: The following functions were implemented in the system: the realtime collection and monitoring, management and analysis, dissemination of SARS disease information, and assistant decision-making support for prevention against SARS disease. Conclusion: The system that integrates epidemiology theories and GIS techniques together can provide a scientific, efficient means for monitoring, prevention of SARS disease in the future.

  11. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Rural Information Poverty in China - - Case Study of Hebei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Guizhen; Wang, Shuanjun; Li, Yaqing; Wang, Huijun

    Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China. It is largely restricted the new rural construction and the social harmonious development of villages and towns and must be resolved. The evaluation of rural information poverty is the premise to resolve it. In order to estimate the problem, index system of rural informatization evaluation of Hebei province was designed by means of Delphi. Then, according to the survey of farmers' information demand, AHP and FCE were used to estimate rural information poverty of Hebei province. The purpose of this study is to provide a new operational approach in evaluating or solving rural information poverty and constructing rural informatization in China.

  12. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and risk factors in domestic sheep in Henan province, central China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Nian; Wang, Shuai; Wang, Dong; Li, Chaoying; Zhang, Zhenchao; Yao, Zhijun; Li, Tingting; Xie, Qing; Liu, Shiguo; Zhang, Haizhu

    2016-01-01

    Sheep are highly susceptible to infections with Toxoplasma gondii and play a major role in the transmission of toxoplasmosis to humans. In the present study, 779 serum samples from sheep were collected from Henan province, central China from March 2015 to May 2016, and antibodies to T. gondii were detected by modified agglutination test (MAT). The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii in sheep was 12.71% (99/779). The risk factors significantly associated with T. gondii seroprevalence were the geographical origin, age, presence of cats, and the rearing system. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in sheep in Henan province, central China, and of an association of seropositivity to T. gondii with risk factors. PMID:27882868

  13. Discovery of Corallina fossil from the Middle Cambrian of Taijiang County,Guizhou Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Abundant and well-preserved macroalgae fossils have been discovered in silty mudstones and shales from the Middle Cambrian of Taijiang County,Guizhou Province,China.Corallina Paraamphiroa siniansis gen.et sp.nov.in the Kaili Fm.,is the earliest Corallina fossil,which usually coexists with other carbonaceous macroalgae fossils on the bedding planes of mudstone and shale and is different from the calcareous and phosphatized Precambrian-Cambrian thallus discovered in the Lower Cambrian of Siberia and the Doushantou phosphate rocks of Weng'an County,Guizhou Province,China.The discovery of calcified thallus in the Kaili Fm.bears great importance on the study of phylogeny and evolution of early calcareous macroalgae.

  14. Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs in Henan province, central China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shuai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The heartworm Dirofilaria immitis is the causative agent of cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis in dogs and cats, and also infects humans. However, there has been no study on dirofilariasis in dogs in central China. From March 2015 to February 2016, sera from 1176 randomly selected household dogs from Henan province, central China were examined for D. immitis antigen using the Canine Heartworm Antigen Test Kit. The overall seroprevalence of D. immitis in dogs in Henan province was 13% (155/1176. The prevalence was significantly higher in older dogs and dogs kept outdoors, compared to the younger ones and those sheltered indoors. No significant difference of prevalence was observed between sexes. The results suggest that the risk of exposure to D. immitis in dogs is high in Henan, and prophylaxis against the parasite is advisable to decrease the incidence of canine dirofilariosis in this region.

  15. The epidemic characteristics and changing trend of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Hubei Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Hui Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS is caused by different hantaviruses within the Bunyaviridae family. HFRS is a fulminant, infectious disease that occurs worldwide and is endemic in all 31 provinces of China. Since the first HFRS case in Hubei Province was reported in 1957, the disease has spread across the province and Hubei has become one of the seriously affected areas in China with the greatest number of reported HFRS cases in the 1980's. However, the epidemic characteristics of HFRS in Hubei are still not entirely clear and long-term, systematic investigations of this epidemic area have been very limited. METHODS: The spatiotemporal distribution of HFRS was investigated using data spanning the years 1980 to 2009. The annual HFRS incidence, fatality rate and seasonal incidence between 1980 and 2009 were calculated and plotted. GIS-based spatial analyses were conducted to detect the spatial distribution and seasonal pattern of HFRS. A spatial statistical analysis, using Kulldorff's spatial scan statistic, was performed to identify clustering of HFRS. RESULTS: A total of 104,467 HFRS cases were reported in Hubei Province between 1980 and 2009. Incidence of and mortality due to HFRS declined after the outbreak in 1980s and HFRS cases have been sporadic in recent years. The locations and scale of disease clusters have changed during the three decades. The seasonal epidemic pattern of HFRS was characterized by the shift from the unimodal type (autumn/winter peak to the bimodal type. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic development has great influence on the transmission of hantaviruses to humans and new epidemic characteristics have emerged in Hubei Province. It is necessary to reinforce preventative measures against HFRS according to the newly-presented seasonal variation and to intensify these efforts especially in the urban areas of Hubei Province.

  16. Cretaceous Volcanic Events in Southeastern Jilin Province, China: Evidence from Single Zircon U-Pb Ages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yuejun; SUN Chunlin; SUN Yuewu; SUN Wei

    2008-01-01

    Mesozoic volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province are an important component of the huge Mesozoic volcanic belt in the northeastern area. Study of the age of their formation is of great significance to recognize Mesozoic volcanic rule in northeastern China. Along with the research of rare Mesozoic biota and extensive Mesozoic mineralization in western Liaoning, a number of researchers have focused on Mesozoic volcanic events. The authors studied the ages of the Cretaceous volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province using single Zircon U-Pb. The result shows that the Sankeyushu Formation volcanic rocks in the Tonghua area are 119.2 Ma in age, the Yingcheng Formation in the Jiutai area 113.4±3.1 Ma, the Jinjiatun Formation in Pinggang Town of Liaoyuan City and the Wufeng volcanic rocks in the Yanji area 103.2±4.7 Ma and 103.6±1 Ma, respectively. Combined with the data of recent publication on volcanic rocks ages; the Cretaceous volcanic events in southeastern Jilin Province can be tentatively subdivided into three eruption periods: 119 Ma, 113 Ma and 103 Ma. The result not only provides important chronology data for subdividing Mesozoic strata in southeastern Jilin Province, establishing Mesozoic volcanic event sequence, discussing geological tectonic background, and surveying the relation between noble metals to the Cretaceous volcanic rocks, but also otters important information of Mesozoic volcanism in northeastern China.

  17. Study of heavy metal concentrations in wild edible mushrooms in Yunnan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Borui; Huang, Qing; Cai, Huajie; Guo, Xiang; Wang, Tingting; Gui, Mingying

    2015-12-01

    Contamination with heavy metals in several species of edible mushrooms from the Yunnan Province in China was determined. Samples were collected from 16 locations in the Yunnan Province, and the contamination levels of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were analyzed. The results demonstrated that the concentrations of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn) in the mushrooms were at typical levels. The concentrations of potentially toxic metals (As, Pb and Cd) were higher than the national standard values of China (1.0 mg/kg for As, 0.2 mg/kg for Cd, and 2.0 mg/kg for Pb) in most cases. Bio-concentration factors suggested that it was easier for As and Cd to be accumulated in mushrooms than Pb, and a Health Risk Index assessment also suggested that As and Cd are greater risks to health than Pb. In conclusion, heavy metal pollution in wild edible mushrooms is a serious problem in the Yunnan Province. Among the toxic metals, As and Cd in the edible mushrooms in the area are the main sources of risk, as they may cause severe health problems. The local government needs to take measures in the form of concrete policies to protect the wild edible mushroom resources in the Yunnan Province.

  18. Incentives for Participation by Local Communities in the Establishment of Commercial Plantations in Sichuan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The 1998 floods in China triggered the implementation of the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) which includes: (i) a logging ban over state-owned natural forests in order to protect the deteriorating natural environment, and (ii) strategies for the establishment of commercial plantations and relocation of laid-off forest workers, with the aim of mitigating the negative socioeconomic impacts of the logging ban. In this paper, Sichuan province is used as a case study to analyze the disincentives ...

  19. Strategic Marketing Plan for Local Characteristic Product : Case: Cheng Farm in Jiangxi Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Peng; Zhong, Xiaonan; Wu, Yunxia

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT Wei Peng, Wu Yunxia, Zhong Xiaonan 2011. Strategic Marketing Plan for Local Characteristic Product. Case study: Cheng farm in Jiangxi Province, China. Bachelor’s Thesis. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences. Business and Culture. Pages 62. Appendices 2. The objective of this thesis is to build a strategic marketing plan for the Cheng farm carrying a local characteristic product. We expect that the strategic marketing plan can help the case company extend their business...

  20. Zinc intake and dietary pattern in Jiangsu Province, China: consequences of nutrition transition

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Jiangsu Province is an economically booming area in East China, where soil zinc concentrations are low. Nutrition transition to a dietary pattern with more animal source foods may have improved zinc intake in this area. However, such a transition may also have increased the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as hypertension and obesity. Investigation of dietary patterns in relation to undernutrition and overnutrition could help to better address both problems. Object...

  1. The longevity of subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath Jiangsu-Anhui Region ——The Os isotope model age of mantle-derived peridotite xenoliths

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The basalt-borne peridotite xenoliths from Jiangsu-Anhui provinces were analyzed for whole rock Os isotopic compositions in two laboratories of USTC, China and CRPG, France, respectively. The 187Os/188Os ratio of the sample set ranges from 0.119 to 0.129 (25 samples, USTC)and from 0.117 to 0.131 (17 samples, CRPG). The Os isotopic compositions of most samples are less than 0.129 and depleted relatively to the primitive mantle, showing a good correlation with the major element compositions. With the 187Os/188Os-Al2O3 alumichron, the samples yield a model age of 2.5 ± 0.1 Ga (data of USTC) and 1.9 ± 0.1 Ga (data of CRPG), late Archean to early Proterozoic, The two samples with the lowest 187Os/188Os ratio (0.119 and 0.117) have the TRD (Re depleted age) of 1.1 Ga (USTC) and 1.4 Ga (CRPG), mid-Proterozoic. The Os isotope model age shows that the peridotite xenoliths from Cenozoic alkali basalt in Jiangsu-Anhui provinces have an old formation age (early- to mid- Proterozoic). They are not newly produced mantle after the Phanerozoic replacement of the lithosphere mantle, but residual fractions of Proterozoic mantle.

  2. Amphibole—Bearing Peridotite Xenoliths from Nushan,Anhui Province:Evidence for Melt Percolation Process in the Upper mantle and Lithospheric uplift

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐义刚; J.C.MERCIER

    1997-01-01

    The spinel peridotite xenoliths of Group I in Quaternary basanites from Nushan,Anhui province,can be classified as two suites:a hydrous suite characterized by the ubiquitous occurrence of (Ti-) pargasite and an anhydrous suite.The nineral chemistry reveals that the anhydrous suite and one associated phlogopite-bearing lherzolite are equilibrated under temperature conditions of 1000-1100℃,whereas amplhibole-bearing peridotites display distinct disequilibrum features,indicating partial reequilibration from 1050 to 850℃ and locally down to 750℃. The amplhbole-bearing peridotites were probably the uppermost part of the high temperature anhydrous suite which was modally modifed by fractionating H2O-rich metasomatic agent during regional upwelling.This relatively recent lithospheric uplift event followed an older uplift event recognized from pyroxene unmixing of domains in local equilibrium,as well as the dominant deformation texture in the anhydrous suite.The first thermal disturbance can be linked with the regional extension and widespread basaltic volcanism in Jiangsu-Anhui provinces since Early Tertiary and the formation of the nearby Subei(North Jiangsu) fault-depression basin during the Eocene,while the second event in association with the formation of amphiboles probably indicates the continuation but diminution of upwared mantle flux since Neogene in response to the change in tectonic regime for eastern china.

  3. Geological characteristics of large gas provinces and large gas fields in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Based on the examination of the global researches on oil and gas provinces and large gas fields and the analysis of the features,attributes and distribution of large gas provinces and gas fields,this paper puts forward three indicators of determining large oil and gas provinces:spatial indicator,reservoir-forming indicator and resource indicator.It classifies the gas accumulated areas and large gas provinces in China and analyzes the controlling factors on the distribution of large gas provinces and large gas fields:the lateral distribution is mainly controlled by high-energy sedimentary facies and constructive diagenetic facies,palaeo-highs and their periclinal zones,deep faults,etc,and the vertical distribution is mainly controlled by unconformities,series of evaporates and deep low-velocity highly-conductive beds,etc.It also reveals the main geological characteristics of large gas provinces and large gas fields in China.Large gas fields in four-type basins have their own characteristics and onland large gas fields are dominantly developed in foreland basins and craton basins;there are three types of gas sources,of which,coal is the main source with high gas generating intensity and varying origins;reservoir rocks of the large gas fields(provinces)are of various types and dominated generally by low-middle permeability and porosity pore-type reservoirs;structural traps and litho-stratigraphic traps coexist in Chinese large gas fields and form dense high abundance and large-area low and middle-abundance large gas fields;most of the large gas fields have late hydrocarbon-generation peaks and reservoir formation,and experienced the process of multiple-stage charging and late finalization; large gas provinces(fields)have good sealing and preservation conditions,and evaporates seals are largely developed in large and extra-large gas fields.This paper intends to shed light on the exploration and development of large gas fields(provinces)through analyzing their

  4. Testate amoebae communities from some freshwater and soil habitats in China (Hubei and Shandong Provinces)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatoly BOBROV; Yuri MAZEI; Viktor CHERNYSHOV; Yingchun GONG; Weisong FENG

    2012-01-01

    Seventy-eight species and forms of testate amoebae were identified from 29 freshwater and soil habitats in three territories of China (Shandong and Hubei Provinces).Most abundant species from the genera Plagiopyxis,Centropyxis and Trinema represent the globally-distributed and eurybiont group of testate amoebae.The species richness was observed to be the lowest (7-12 species per biotope) in sandy sediments of the Yangtze River,but considerably higher (20-30 taxa) in soil environment.In the range of terrestrial habitats,the most remote communities from Laoshan Mountain in Shandong Province,China manifested the highest difference from others.On the other hand,communities originated in the most distant from industrial center places (Guifeng Mountain in Hubei Province,China) possess the most peculiar species composition including specific Gondwanian taxa (e.g.Nebela bigibbosa).In sum,the results obtained provide the evidence that the community complexity and specificity reduce in the places located within areas that are highly populated and intensively visited by humans.

  5. 皖南旅游区乡村人居环境质量评价及影响分析%Evaluation of rural human settlement quality difference and its driving factors in tourism area of southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兴柱; 王群

    2013-01-01

    .By choosing the infrastructure,public service facilities,energy consumption structure,living conditions,and environmental sanitation as the evaluation factors,this study built an evaluation index system of the rural human settlement quality.Then,this paper presented an empirical analysis of rural human settlements in tourism area of southern Anhui Province,with the method of factor analysis,entropy method,and canonical correlation.Results show that the overall score of the quality presents "dual-core structure,the rise of central region and the collapse of the periphery" phenomenon.The infrastructure has the pattern of "triple-core structure and more dense than the south".The higher level spatial units are mainly located in Tunxi District,Qingyang County and northem part of the province.The public service facilities have the pattem of "dual-core structure".The mononuclear structure of energy consumption structure and living conditions were concentrated in Tunxi District.However,the core of environmental sanitation is mainly concentrated in Shexian and Ningguo counties.Meanwhile,a variety of influencing factors interact to determine quality of rural human settlements.The paper focused on natural environment,socio-economic development,tourism development,and regional culture.Based on the differences between their effective way and degree to quality of rural human settlements,these influencing factors are classified into positive and negative factors.Climatic conditions,poverty level and spatial distance have direct negative impact on quality of rural human settlements,while the remaining factors have direct positive impact.Natural environment and regional culture play a relatively stable role in rural human settlements evolution.Tourism development is a key driving force to generate the rural human settlement quality difference.Tourism development factors including the level of tourism economy,the endowment of tourism resources,tourism services and facilities,and tourism

  6. Geochemistry of carbonatites in Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许成; 黄智龙; 刘丛强; 漆亮; 李文博; 管涛

    2003-01-01

    Carbonatites in the Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, which are spatially and temporally associated with rare earth mineralization, were emplaced at the time of Himalayan. The rocks are carbonatite-syenite complexes, with the mineral assemblages of calcite-aegirine-acmite- arfvedsonite-mica-orthoclase. The rocks are characterized by the enrichment in incompatible elements, such as Sr, Ba and REE, with C and O isotopic compositions of the "primary igneous carbonatites", relatively high initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios and low ??Nd values. All of these suggest that the rocks were derived from the metasomatic enriched mantle. It is demonstrated by geological and geochemical evidence that the mixing of the Himalayan subducting crustal materials with mantle source EM1 is probably the main factor responsible for the formation of carbonatites. The carbonatite-syenite complexes were generated from liquid immiscibility of CO2-rich alkalic silicate magma, which was derived from partial melting of the metasomatic mantle.

  7. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shujie Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available According to the framework of “Pressure-State-Response”, this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries.

  8. CHARACTERISTICS OF CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE DURING THE PAST 50 YEARS IN JILIN PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Based on the monthly mean temperature, the changing processes and tendencies of temperature during1951-2000 in Jilin Province, which is in Northeast China, are analyzed. And the spatial characteristics of the changeare submitted. In the past 50 years the temperature of Jilin Province was increasing just like the other areas in the world.Since 1990, the increasing of temperature has been more obvious than that in the previous 40a. From the west to theeast, the province has larger temperature rising. According to Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of temperature field,Jilin Province is divided into 3 regions and the degree of becoming warmer is different from region to region. During theperiod of 1951 to 2000, the annual temperature in Jilin Province has been rising, so has the temperature in winter andsummer. The average temperature in the 1990s was 0. 5-2. 0℃ higher than that in the 1950s. From the west to theeast, the increasing of temperature became smaller.

  9. Investigation of anaplasmosis in Yiyuan County, Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lijuan Zhang; Feng Cui; Lingling Wang; Lingling Zhang; Jingshan Zhang; Shiwen Wang; Shuxia Yang

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the situation of anaplasmosis in Yiyuan county, Shandong Province. Methods:A total of 26 blood samples from febrile patients suspected of anaplasmosis,48 blood samples from healthy farmers,8 from dogs, and10 from goats and170 ticks were collected in the same area during2005-2007, and detected by serological and molecular methods.Results:Eight confirmed cases and6probable cases were determined using serologic and molecular methods. The seroprevalence ofAnaplasma phagocytophilum (A. phagocytophilum) was26.7%in healthy cases. Nine out of10sheep samples and7 out of8 dog samples reacted positively to theA. phagocytophilumantigen.PCR amplification and sequencing of the16SrRNA ofA. phagocytophilum gene showed that some samples from patients, goats and ticks were100% identical. The seroprevalence ofRickettsia typhi was22.9%,Orientia tsutsugamushi6.3%, Rickettsia sibirica27.1%,Coxiella burnetii18.8%,Bartonella henselae31.3%, andBorrelia burgdorferi41.6%.Conclusions: It is important to make differential diagnosis of febrile patients and to apply treatment with specific antibiotics. It is needed to enforce essential prevention and control measures including tick control and to improve sanitation conditions.

  10. Forest biomass at Xiaolong Mountain in Gansu Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In order to accurately estimate the size of the carbon pool and the capacity of the carbon sink in the forested areas of Xiaolong Mountain in Gansu Province,we have established regression equations of organ biomass of eight tree species.We measured and investigated the biomass of different forest stand types based on data from 1259 standard sample plots and 836 standard sample trees.for eight types of forest stands on Xiaolong Mountain,are as follows:Quercus aliena var.acuteserrata 84.05,Pinus tabulaeformis 62.44,Quercus variabilis 81.77,Populus sp.and Betula sp.combined 77.44,Larix sp.69.00,Pinus armandii 70.07,Picea sp.96.49 and Abies sp.98.72.We also looked at other broad-leaved mixed forests.Our study shows that the biomass of a single tree of each tree species is closely related to the diameter at breast height (DBH) and to tree height.The biomass of single trees as well as stand volumes is closely related to average DBH,average tree height and to stand density.

  11. Assessment of the agricultural sustainability of Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Qian; Zhao Xueping

    2007-01-01

    It is significant for the study on the sustainable development of regional agriculture to monitor and measure the trend of agricultural development with an effective method. The sustainable development of regional agriculture should accord with regional population, rural economic development, social progress, resource and environmental support. This paper establishes the evaluating indicators system of sustainable development of regional agriculture,evaluates the agricultural sustainable development in Shaanxi Province with a comprehensive multi-indicator method,analyzes the support of resource and environment for regional agriculture by the resource-development index and the environment-development index, and gets the conclusion that the indicators, such as education level, the income gap between urban and rural residents, the per capita area under cultivation and the consumption of pesticides and chemical fertilizers per hectare, are the main factors to restrict agricultural sustainability, and that the pressure of the development of subsystems of population, economy and society on the subsystems of resource and environment turns out to be stronger and stronger. Agricultural environment gets better, but resource becomes one of the important factors to restrict the development of regional agriculture. In a word, this paper highlights the potentials and limitations of sustainable agriculture of Shaanxi and helps identify the development direction in the future.

  12. Characteristics of tailings from metal mines in Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yun-guo; ZHANG Hui-zhi; ZENG Guang-ming; HUANG Bao-rong; LI Xin; XU Wei-hua

    2005-01-01

    The tailing soils were from 10 mining areas in Hunan Province. To predict the potential impact of tailings on nearby environments, the characteristics such as the pH value, loss on ignition, cation exchange capacity, and the concentration and speciation of heavy metals in the tailings were investigated. Based on these characteristics, the pollution index and danger index were calculated so as to evaluate the priorities of remediation. The results show that the concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn exceed the tolerable levels of the phytotoxicity in the most tailings. The large proportion of heavy metals exists in the form of residual fraction in most tailings, followed by sulfides/organic and Fe/Mn oxide fractions, and a little in the exchangeable and carbonate fraction. The calculated pollution indices for the tailing samples range from 1.41 to 83.42, which indicates that all the tailings contain heavy metals at a level that causes toxicity to the ecosystem. The danger indices for the tailing samples range from 0.06 to 387.00. The highest value of the danger indices is that of Yongzhou sample, reaching 387.00; the lowest one is that of Xikuangshan sample, only 0.06. Considering the results of pollution index and danger index in combination, the priority of remediation is determined to be Yongzhou, Baoshan, Xiangtan and Lengshuijiang.

  13. The spatial distribution of health vulnerability to heat waves in Guangdong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Zhu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: International literature has illustrated that the health impacts of heat waves vary according to differences in the spatial variability of high temperatures and the social and economic characteristics of populations and communities. However, to date there have been few studies that quantitatively assess the health vulnerability to heat waves in China. Objectives: To assess the spatial distribution of health vulnerability to heat waves in Guangdong Province, China. Methods: A vulnerability framework including dimensions of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity was employed. The last two dimensions were called social vulnerability. An indicator pool was proposed with reference to relevant literatures, local context provided by relevant local stakeholder experts, and data availability. An analytic hierarchy process (AHP and a principal component analysis were used to determine the weight of indicators. A multiplicative vulnerability index (VI was constructed for each district/county of Guangdong province, China. Results: A total of 13 items (two for exposure, six for sensitivity, and five for adaptive capacity were proposed to assess vulnerability. The results of an AHP revealed that the average VI in Guangdong Province was 0.26 with the highest in the Lianzhou and Liannan counties of Qingyuan (VI=0.50 and the lowest in the Yantian district of Shenzhen (VI=0.08. Vulnerability was gradiently distributed with higher levels in northern inland regions and lower levels in southern coastal regions. In the principal component analysis, three components were isolated from the 11 social vulnerability indicators. The estimated vulnerability had a similar distribution pattern with that estimated by AHP (Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC=0.98, p<0.01. Conclusions: Health vulnerability to heat waves in Guangdong Province had a distinct spatial distribution, with higher levels in northern inland regions than that in the southern coastal

  14. 古村落旅游社区居民生活满意度及社区建设研究——以世界文化遗产皖南古村落为例%Residents' Life Satisfaction and Community Construction in Ancient Villages Tourism: A Case Study of a World Cultural Heritage, the Ancient Villages in South Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢松; 张捷

    2009-01-01

    在市场需求与政府战略双重导向的推动下,古村落正日益发展成为国内重要的旅游地类型.本文以世界文化遗产皖南古村落为案例,通过对调查所得数据采用均值分析、相关分析和矩阵分析等方法,分析了古村落居民的社区生活满意度及其影响因素,提出了未来古村落旅游社区建设的重点和方向.分析结果表明:(1)住房条件、经济收入水平、学校教育、村民参与事务管理状况、社会福利和社会保障等是古村落社区建设与发展中急需改进的因素,也是未来工作中的重点建设方向;(2)村容村貌、道路交通、村内环境卫生、自然环境、基础设施、消防设施、医疗服务等是需要重点维护和完善的因素;(3)物价水平、休闲娱乐设施、就业机会、当地政府工作、公共休闲空间、文体设施等是可以逐步解决的因素;(4)与其他村民的关系处理、购物方便程度、社会治安等是需要不断维护的方面.%Inspired by market demand and government strategy, ancient villages have gradually become an important type of tourism destination in China. The paper makes a case study of the ancient villages in south Anhui province. With the data collected it applies mean analysis, correlation analysis and matrix analysis methods to analyze ancient village residents' life satisfaction and its influential factors, and proposes a focus and direction for future community construction in ancient villages. The result of the analysis indicates that: a. five factors, namely housing condition, economic income, the level of education, the participation of villagers in community decision making, and social welfare and security, should be the focus of community construction; b. seven factors, such as village feature, road and traffic, sanitation, physical environment, infrastructure, fire facilities, and medical services, need immediate strengthening; c. six factors including price level

  15. Geotourism Aspects of the Lufeng Dinosaur National Geopark in Yunnan Province, China

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    Daněk Tomáš

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lufeng Dinosaur National Geopark in Yunnan province, China, is important part of geoheritage with a great scientific and aesthetic value. The area has been under scientific research since 1938 when the first dinosaur fossils were discovered here by geologist Bian Meinian and technician Wang Cunyi. Professor Yang announced the discovery of new early Jurassic herbivore prosauropod by Lufeng in 1941, which he gave the name Lufengosaurus huenei. In 2004, the area was listed as the China`s National Geopark. It was opened for visitors in 2008. Besides the high scientific value, the geopark is also an important resource for science based and educational tourism. This paper briefly introduces the history of scientific research, the basic geology of the site and the most important fossils discovered here. The main characteristics, geodiversity, and geotourism of fossil geoheritage in the area are discussed here.

  16. Thrips species diversity in urban green spaces of Hangzhou (Zhejiang Province, China

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    M. Mirab-balou

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research was conducted on the fauna of Thysanoptera in the urban green spaces of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, during 2008- 2012. The thrips were collected in different plant communities (mainly in parks in the city. A total of 26 species from 19 genera in three different families were collected, among them Scolothrips latipennis Priesner, which is newly recorded for the fauna of China. New distribution records of seven species in China are reported. Results of the research indicate that the fauna of thrips of green areas of Hangzhou was quite abundant and diversified, and the occurrence of Selenothrips, Scirtothrips, Thrips, Frankliniella and Haplothrips species seems diverse and should be investigated further.