WorldWideScience

Sample records for anglo-american research alliance

  1. French Feminism vs Anglo-American Feminism

    OpenAIRE

    Gambaudo, Sylvie A.

    2007-01-01

    Abstract This article opens with the questioning of a now established scholarly category, `French feminism'. It proposes that theoretical and polemical understandings of `French feminism' have been founded on an opposition to its counterpart, `Anglo-American feminism'. The measure of this opposition has been defined mostly as geographical, linguistic and cultural. But underneath such constructions often lies the old sameness vs difference debate that has captivated feminism since t...

  2. The World's Best Anglo-American Universities' Knowledge Management Attributes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tower, Greg; Plummer, Julie; Ridgewell, Brenda; Goforth, Emily; Tower, Spence

    2009-01-01

    Key knowledge management attributes of the world's most prestigious Anglo-American universities are surprisingly under-reported especially by best ranked USA institutions. This leads to calls for more transparency.

  3. The Research Data Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, K. S.

    2015-12-01

    The Research Data Alliance (RDA) is an international organization created in 2012 to provide researchers with a forum for identifying and removing barriers to data sharing. Since then, RDA has gained over 3000 individual members, over three dozen organizational members, 47 Interest Groups, and 17 Working Groups, all focused on research data sharing. Interoperability is one instantiation of data sharing, but is not the only barrier to overcome. Technology limitations, discipline-specific cultures that do not support sharing, lack of best-practices, or lack of good definitions, are only three of a long list of situations preventing researchers from sharing their data. This presentation will cover how RDA has grown, some details on how the first eight solutions contribute to interoperability and sharing, and a sneak peek at what's in the pipeline.

  4. Pragmatism: A bridge between Anglo-American and Contintental Philosophy?

    OpenAIRE

    Grube, D.M.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, I will restrict myself to interpreting certain features of Margolis’ rich argument. I will discuss only those features that have a direct bearing on his thesis that pragmatism wins the three-sided contest between Anglo-American Philosophy, continental philosophy and pragmatism and, as such, can serve as a bridge to span the divide between Anglo-American and continental philosophy. Two mottoes Margolis utilizes serve as the vantage point of my discussion, viz. ’natural but not n...

  5. Pragmatism: A bridge between Anglo-American and Contintental Philosophy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grube, D.M.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, I will restrict myself to interpreting certain features of Margolis’ rich argument. I will discuss only those features that have a direct bearing on his thesis that pragmatism wins the three-sided contest between Anglo-American Philosophy, continental philosophy and pragmatism and, as

  6. From CSR to Corporate Citizenship: Anglo-American and Continental

    OpenAIRE

    Sison, A.J. (Alejo José)

    2009-01-01

    Beginning with the question of who constitutes the firm, this article seeks to explore the historical evolution of concepts such as corporate social responsibility, corporate accountability, corporate social responsiveness, corporate social performance, stakeholder theory, and corporate citizenship. In close parallel to these changes are differences in interpretation from AngloAmerican and Continental European perspectives. The author defends that the ultimate reasons behind these differences...

  7. Anglo-American second wave feminisms: the ethics of heterogeneity

    OpenAIRE

    Whelehan, Imelda

    1993-01-01

    This thesis investigates debates and tensions in Second Wave Anglo-American Feminisms since the sixties. It interrogates claims that feminism is in crisis, and that the term 'feminism' itself is now semantically overburdened. Its chief purpose is to show that despite feminism's heterogeneity, there are central features of feminist politics which offer an oppositional identity to theorists concerned with exposing the way meanings of gender still shape society and academic discourse. The scope ...

  8. DATABASES in the RESEARCH of INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCES

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Costa e Silva; Ferreira, Mário Pedro

    2007-01-01

    The low level of formality and the diversity of international alliances create an important challenge for researchers. Unlike mergers and acquisitions, alliances include various types of cooperation agreements between organizations and do not require formal registration. Therefore, in this field, secondary data is scarce and the few available international databases present several disadvantages. This manuscript attempts to discuss and assess options available to circumvent dif...

  9. Anglo-American capitalism: the role and potential role of social accounting

    OpenAIRE

    David Collison; Colin Dey; Gwen Hannah; Lorna Stevenson

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – This paper seeks to consider the impact and potential impact of social accounting at the macro level. It aims to explore the potential for “silent” or “shadow” social accounting to hold Anglo-American capitalism to account for its social outcomes relative to other “varieties of capitalism”. Design/methodology/approach – The role of accounting in spreading Anglo-American capitalist values is outlined. This is followed by a discussion of macro social indicators and their potential to ...

  10. Compare Chinese Corporate Governance with Anglo-American and German-Japanese Models

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wenhao

    2006-01-01

    The corporate governance system in developed countries can be mainly distinguished into Anglo-American Model and German-Japanese Model. This paper attempts to analyze the characteristics of corporate governance in the UK, US, Germany and Japan, then compares them with corporate governance of contemporary China, and finally concludes the comparative characteristics of Chinese corporate governance.

  11. Anglo-American Jurisprudence and the Native American Tribal Quest for Religious Freedom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loftin, John D.

    1989-01-01

    Argues that Native American tribes encounter major legal problems in the practice of traditional religions due to differences between Native and Anglo American worldviews. Examines the ideology of civilization underlying values in American jurisprudence, foundations of American Indian law, and relevant constitutional law. Contains over 200…

  12. Educational Leadership and Culture in China: Dichotomies between Chinese and Anglo-American Leadership Traditions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Wing-Wah

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the extent to which Chinese school leaders espouse dichotomous or integrated Chinese and Anglo-American leadership and management preferences. Data are drawn from questionnaires completed by school leaders and from semi-structured interviews with individual school leaders from different parts of China. The exploratory study…

  13. Anarchic alchemists : dissident androgyny in Anglo-American gothic fiction from Godwin to Melville

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuwen, Evert Jan van

    2006-01-01

    The dissertation Anarchic Alchemists: Dissident Androgyny in Anglo-American Gothic Fiction from Godwin to Melville investigates the close generic links between British and American Gothic fictions from the late eighteenth-century up to the middle of the nineteenth century, including studies on Willi

  14. Changes in corporate governance of German corporations: convergence to the Anglo-American model?

    OpenAIRE

    Christel Lane

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the many changes which have transformed the German system of corporate governance during the last seven odd years. It concludes that it is in the process of converging towards the Anglo-American system and that this has fundamentally affected the way strategic decisions are made in firms. Large, internationally oriented companies are particularly affected. But the notion of shareholder value and its many behavioural effects are gradually spreading also to other parts of th...

  15. Marxism After Modernism: Anglo-American Leftist Theorisations of Modernism in the Later Twentieth Century

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, Sinead

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation considers the manner in which a number of key Marxian intellectuals from the Anglo-American cultural left, including Perry Anderson, Terry Eagleton, Fredric Jameson, Edward Said, Raymond Williams, Rosalind Krauss and others, have attempted to make sense of both literary high modernism and the modernist avant-gardes. The study argues that in the period since the 1960s especially, the Marxian cultural left has helped to redefine our understanding of modernism in...

  16. Transferring the Anglo American system to Korea: at what cost, and are there alternatives?

    OpenAIRE

    Miles, Lilian

    2008-01-01

    The Anglo American economic model, together with its corporate governance practices, is frequently regarded as the optimal instrument for achieving competitiveness and enhancing investor confidence, even by countries which do not share the culture and tradition from which it originated. Its corporate governance structures, shareholder friendly laws and liquid capital markets with high levels of disclosure are regarded as mechanisms which can enable ‘global’ standards of efficiency, transparen...

  17. Alliance for Sequestration Training, Outreach, Research & Education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olson, Hilary

    2013-09-01

    The Sequestration Training, Outreach, Research and Education (STORE) Alliance at The University of Texas at Austin completed its activity under Department of Energy Funding (DE- FE0002254) on September 1, 2013. The program began as a partnership between the Institute for Geophysics, the Bureau of Economic Geology and the Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering Department at UT. The initial vision of the program was to promote better understanding of CO2 utilization and storage science and engineering technology through programs and opportunities centered on training, outreach, research and technology transfer, and education. With over 8,000 hrs of formal training and education (and almost 4,500 of those hours awarded as continuing education credits) to almost 1,100 people, STORE programs and activities have provided benefits to the Carbon Storage Program of the Department of Energy by helping to build a skilled workforce for the future CCS and larger energy industry, and fostering scientific public literacy needed to continue the U.S. leadership position in climate change mitigation and energy technologies and application. Now in sustaining mode, the program is housed at the Center for Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, and benefits from partnerships with the Gulf Coast Carbon Center, TOPCORP and other programs at the university receiving industry funding.

  18. The Organization of Episode Structure in Finnish/Finnish and Finish/Anglo-American Business Telephone Conversations: An Intercultural Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halmari, Helena

    Based on the idea that linguistic competence depends ultimately on knowledge of the culturally determined norms of language use, this paper focuses on the way business-related telephone conversations between Finns and Anglo-Americans are organized, with special attention to differences in the way the opening "How are you?" sequence is understood…

  19. Siblings, Birth Order, and Cooperative-Competitive Social Behavior: A Comparison of Anglo-American and Mexican-American Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, George P.; Kagan, Spencer

    1982-01-01

    Tested the hypothesis that differences in cooperative-competitive social behavior between Anglo-Americans and Mexican Americans is a result of larger family size among the latter group. Found that, even after controlling for number of siblings and birth order, statistically significant differences in such behavior remained between the two groups.…

  20. Teaching Economic Geography in Two Contrasting Asian Contexts: Decentering Anglo-American Economic Geography in China and Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Henry Wai-Chung; Liu, Weidong

    2006-01-01

    Teaching economic geography outside Anglo-American countries presents a particular pedagogical challenge, as theories and concepts developed in these countries might not be directly applicable outside their intellectual and national contexts. In this paper, the authors show how the peculiar institutional and development environments in China and…

  1. Comparative analysis of lifestyle orientations and travel motivations of Japanese and Anglo-American inbound package tourists in Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Krupiczojc, Bartosz; Hatouchyts, Kseniya

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to compare lifestyle orientations and travel motivations between different nationality groups of inbound package tourists in Norway. Specifically, the present study delineates differences in lifestyle orientations and travel motivations between Anglo- American and Japanese tourists, who participated in the package tour Norway in a Nutshell. Additionally, this study examines the relationships between lifestyle orientations and travel motivations. ...

  2. Flirtation and Flight: Alternatives to Ethnic Confrontation in White Anglo-American Protestant Detroit, 1880-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janis, Ralph

    1978-01-01

    Marriage, baptism, membership, and church committee records are used in this paper to trace the form and evolution of the social boundaries which Detroit's white Anglo-American Protestants created for themselves at various levels of social contact. Together, these records provide an indication of small group associational patterns in an urban…

  3. Development of the "Right to Work" Theory: Focusing on discussions on the Anglo-American labor law (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    ARITA Kenji

    2013-01-01

    In the 1980s, the problems of structural unemployment and high unemployment among the youth intensified in the United States and the United Kingdom. As countermeasures to those problems, a series of new policies—such as the "flexibilization" of the labor market, relaxation of the labor law and regulation, active labor market policies (ALMP), and workfare policies—were introduced. In the process, a great deal of discussion occurred among academics and practitioners of the Anglo-American academ...

  4. Johnston R.J. & Sidaway J.D., eds., Geography and geographers, Anglo-American human geography since 1945

    OpenAIRE

    Vandeburie, Julien

    2014-01-01

    This well-known book is in its sixth edition and focuses on Anglo-American geographers, with a historical/thematic point of view. Chapters are presented in the following order: 1. The nature of an academic discipline; 2. Foundations; 3. Growth of systematic studies and the adoption of ’scientific method’; 4. Human geography as spatial science; 5. Humanistic geography; 6. ’Radical geographies’; 7. Postmodern geographies; 8. Feminist geographies; 9. Applied geography and the relevance debate; 1...

  5. The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) 2002 Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent D.; Fink, Mary M.; Nickerson, Jocelyn S.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents and overview of the Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL). It covers the University of Nebraska's areas of research, and its outreach to students at Native American schools as part of AERIAL. The report contains three papers: "Airborne Remote Sensing (ARS) for Agricultural Research and Commercialization Application" (White Paper), "Validated Numerical Models for the Convective Extinction of Fuel Droplets (CEFD)", and "The Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS): Research Collaborations with the NASA Langley Research Center".

  6. The MATRIX: Multicultural Alliance for Technology, Research, and Information Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Raymond E.

    2006-01-01

    Community colleges, although being a potential source of future scientists and engineers, there are certain faults in the reform approach of these colleges that need to be addressed. The Multicultural Alliance for Technology, Research, and Information Exchange (MATRIX) model is presented to energize community colleges to create a science research…

  7. REL Pacific Research Alliances and Priority Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regional Educational Laboratory Pacific, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The mission of the Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs) is to help states, districts, and territories use data and research to improve student outcomes. RELs build capacity to do three things: (1) Use data to identify target areas for improvement; (2) Select the best approaches for improvement, drawing on credible and up-to-date research; and…

  8. A Comparison Research on Industry-University-Research Strategic Alliances in Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunhua Feng

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available With the tide of global economic integration, the Industry-University-Research cooperation plays an extremely important role in economic development. Hence, all countries in the world stress the research on Industry-University-Research strategic alliance. Some developed countries, such as America, German, and England, have built appropriate modes for Industry-University-Research strategic alliances based on national conditions. The strategic alliance based on combination of different countries, enterprises, and institutes has been becoming a new way for technology transfer.

  9. The Multidimensional Media Influence Scale: confirmatory factor structure and relationship with body dissatisfaction among African American and Anglo American children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Kristen

    2009-06-01

    The Multidimensional Media Influence Scale (MMIS; Cusumano & Thompson, 2001). Media influence and body image in 8-11-year-old boys and girls: A preliminary report on the multidimensional media influence scale. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 37-44) is a child-appropriate, 3-factor scale designed to assess perceived media influence on body image. It has been used in studies exploring the relationship between the entire scale as well as its subscales (awareness, internalization, and pressure) and variables related to body image. However, the 3-factor structure of the scale has never been confirmed via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), nor has the scale been evaluated with a racially diverse sample of children. This paper reports the results of CFAs establishing the multidimensionality of the scale and the unidimensionality of its subscales among a sample of 661 girls and boys aged 7-12 years, primarily African American and Anglo American. The pressure factor of the MMIS predicted the idealization of a thinner current (child) and future (adult) body both cross-sectionally and one year later for girls and for Anglo American children. PMID:19447694

  10. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2002 NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH ALLIANCE TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MCDONALD,R.J.

    2002-08-20

    This is the PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2002 NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH ALLIANCE TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM, which was Held at Oilheat Visions Conference, Rhode Island Convention Center, Providence, Rhode Island, August 20-21, 2002. The specific objectives of this conference are to: (1) identify and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and recommend new initiatives for higher efficiency, a cleaner environment, and to satisfy consumer needs cost-effectively, reliably, and safely; and (2) foster cooperative interactions among federal and industrial representatives for the common goal of sustained economic growth and energy security via energy conservation.

  11. 研究成果传播与共享--英美国家基金项目数据管理计划概述%Dissemination and Sharing of Research Results:A Review of Anglo-American Funding Program Data Management Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨淑娟; 陈家翠

    2012-01-01

      Data management agenda greatly benefits the standardization, propagation and sharing, chronic preservation, and value-adding of data by engendering exhaustive and systematic agendas on data generation, preservation, file and usage. By interpreting the general principles of data policy in Research Councils UK and the data management strategy in National Science Foundation USA, librarians will be able to better grasp on the requirement of scientific data management and the opportunities and challenges it brings forth to library serv-ice research, so as to prepare the service agendas and human resources and then better serve scientific research and technologic innovation.%  数据管理计划通过制定全面系统的数据生成、保管、归档和利用计划,对数据的规范建设、传播与共享、长期保存与增值重用等都有很大好处。通过对英国研究理事会的数据政策共同原则和美国国家自然科学基金委员会的数据管理方针的解读,可以帮助图书馆员把握科学数据管理需求及对研究图书馆服务带来的机遇和挑战,以便及早做好服务规划和人才准备,更好地为科学研究和技术创新服务。

  12. A Tentative Analysis in Symbiotic Mechanism of Industry-university-research Institute Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Yueyi Zhu; Shi Wen

    2010-01-01

    At present, industry-university-research institute alliance is centered by the economic entity generated in the form of technology investment. This sort of alliance plays a symbiotic effect in the aspects of convergence of elements of innovation, development and transfer of achievements of innovation, etc. In order to further bring the symbiotic effect of industry-university-research institute alliance in practice, we have to make a good choice in cooperative partners, so that we can make the...

  13. RIVALS OF A KIND: the Anglo-American Commercial Aviation Rivalry, 1939-45

    OpenAIRE

    Erik Benson

    2008-01-01

    Before World War II, the British and Americans had been fierce rivals in the international airline business. Their wartime alliance muted this rivalry, yet it still simmered, manifesting itself in a variety of global incidents and issues. As the war progressed, the Americans gained tremendous advantages in the field, raising British fears about American dominance of the world’s airways. In turn, American policymakers worried about British control of key areas of the world. The mutual suspicio...

  14. Two Decades of Research on Strategic Alliances: Analysis of Citations, Co-citations and Themes Researched

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Portugal Ferreira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on strategic alliances has a long tradition in management studies. Strategic alliances have been investigated using multiple theoretical lenses from RBV to agency and transaction cost, and diverse contexts, from the semiconductor to airline industries. In this study we scrutinize the extant strategic alliance research in thirtyone top-ranked business/management journals, over a twenty-year period, from 1993 to 2012. In a sample of 866 articles we conducted citation and co-citation analyses employing social network techniques and factor analysis to identify research themes and make sense of the stock of accumulated knowledge and theoretical trends. We were able to identify some shifts in research over time, namely from a focus on performance and theoretical emphasis on transaction cost theory and governance concerns, moving to a learning and knowledge transfer approach, social networks and collaboration. This study provides the foundations over which future research may develop to fill conceptual and empirical gaps.

  15. RIVALS OF A KIND: the Anglo-American Commercial Aviation Rivalry, 1939-45

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Benson

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Before World War II, the British and Americans had been fierce rivals in the international airline business. Their wartime alliance muted this rivalry, yet it still simmered, manifesting itself in a variety of global incidents and issues. As the war progressed, the Americans gained tremendous advantages in the field, raising British fears about American dominance of the world’s airways. In turn, American policymakers worried about British control of key areas of the world. The mutual suspicion grew, and the rivalry resurfaced in the last months of the war. The conflict had merely subsumed the differences, and made the two powers rivals of a kind.

  16. Earth Science Big Data Activities at Research Data Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Kwo-Sen; Baumann, Peter; Evans, Ben; Riedel, Morris

    2016-04-01

    In this presentation we introduce Earth science related activities of the Big Data Interest Group (BDIG) in Research Data Alliance (RDA). "RDA is an international organization focused on the development of infrastructure and community activities that reduce barriers to data sharing and exchange, and the acceleration of data driven innovation worldwide." The participation of researchers in RDA is voluntary. As the name implies, an Interest Group is a collection of participants sharing the same interest. The BDIG seeks to address community needs on all things having to do with Big Data. The ultimate goal of RDA Big Data Interest Group is to produce a set of recommendation documents to advise diverse research communities with respect to: • How to select an appropriate Big Data solution for a particular science application to realize optimal value? and • What are the best practices in dealing with various data and computing issues associated with such a solution? The primary means to reaching such recommendations is through the establishment and work of Working Groups, each of which focuses on a specific issue. Although BDIG is not specific to Earth science, its recent activities revolve mostly around it. We introduce some of these activities that are designed to advance our knowledge and to characterize Big Data in Earth science.

  17. 76 FR 58540 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act Of 1993-Pistoia Alliance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... Alliance, Inc. Notice is hereby given that, on August 17, 2011, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), Pistoia Alliance, Inc... this group research project remains open, and Pistoia Alliance, Inc. intends to file additional...

  18. 75 FR 65656 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Pistoia Alliance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... Alliance, Inc. Notice is hereby given that, on September 27, 2010, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), Pistoia Alliance, Inc... Alliance, Inc. intends to file additional written notifications disclosing all changes in membership....

  19. 75 FR 65657 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Alliance for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--Alliance...''), Alliance for Water Stewardship (``AWS'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney... principal place of business of the standards development organization is: Alliance for Water...

  20. Developing alliance formation process capabilities: replication, adaptation and flexibility in creating research and development consortia

    OpenAIRE

    James Hayton; Paul Olk

    2013-01-01

    Our study draws from learning theory and path dependence research to hypothesize how companies build the capability for managing strategic alliance formation processes. Specifically, we focus on firms’ patterns of R&D consortia formation processes in the United States. Prior research identified two different consortium formation processes: emergent and engineered processes. This study explores the sequences of these processes for 1063 companies entering into alliances with 737 US-based consor...

  1. Research on suppliers selection for e-commerce alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, Chunhua; Sun, Bin; Liu, Dongsheng

    2009-07-01

    First, the characteristics of suppliers in the e-Commerce alliances of certain industries will be analyzed in this paper and the initial model to select suppliers is built. Then, the history performances of providers in the initial model and the ability to cooperate with others are recorded and analyzed. Based on the analysis above and considering the restriction of supply, the number of re-sellers and the price of products, an improved model to select suppliers in the e-Commerce alliance of certain industries called "the mix-integers model" is built. Finally, a mathematical example is used to describe how the mix-integers model to work.

  2. PROBE INTO THE ROLE OF ANGLO-AMERICAN LITERATURE READING IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Traditionally, literary reading is regarded as a practicalmeans to stimulate the interest of EFL students in their study ofEnglish to accelerate the development of their L2 acquisition;literary works are considered a prime resource of linguistic inputto heighten the quality of learners’ target language. Yet, the re-search findings from this study indicate that such linguistic inputcannot effectively benefit the English majors when their L2 is notwell developed to cope efficaciously with such readers. In addi-tion, research findings also indicate that many literary wordsand phrases related to another cultural and social background notonly intensify the obstacles to proper comprehension but alsolimit opportunity for practical application of this sort of linguis-tic input in the social milieu where the learners live. Therefore,how to cope with literary works in language learning and whatsort of linguistic input that can effectively stimulate the develop-ment of learners’ L2 acquisition in their own social environmentneed to be explored.

  3. Alliance brands: Building corporate brands through strategic alliances?

    OpenAIRE

    He, HW; Balmer, JMT

    2006-01-01

    The emergence of airline alliance brands represents an unexplored area in the context of the nascent field of corporate brand management. This study reports a case study of an alliance brand within the airline industry: oneworld. The research into the oneworld alliance was driven by two fundamental questions relating to alliance brands: what are alliance brands and what are the implications of alliance brands for corporate branding and brand alliances? This study suggests that, with careful n...

  4. The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) 2002 Report. UNO Aviation Monograph Series. UNOAI Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent D.; Box, Richard C.; Fink, Mary M.; Gogos, George; Lehrer, Henry R.; Narayanan, Ram M.; Nickerson, Jocelyn S.; O'Neil, Patrick D.; Tarry, Scott E.; Vlasek, Karisa D.

    This document contains four papers on aeronautics education, research, and partnerships that partly supported through the Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL). The paper "2002 AERIAL Monograph" (Brent D. Bowen, Jocelyn S. Nickerson, Mary M. Fink, et al.) presents an overview of research and development in the following…

  5. Ubuntunet Alliance: A Collaborative Research Platform for Sharing of Technological Tools for Eradication of Brain Drain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jameson Mbale

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The UbuntuNet Alliance Alliance is well-placed to facilitate interaction between education and research institutions and the African academic and researcher in the Diaspora so that together they can strengthen research that will exploit new technological tools and increase the industrial base. It is envisaged that the Alliance will become an important vehicle for linkages that will facilitate repatriation of scientific knowledge and skills to Africa and even help reduce and eventually eradicate the brain drain which has taken so many excellent intellectuals to the developed world. As organisational vehicles for inter-institutional collaboration both established and emerging NRENs can play a critical role in reversing these trends and in mitigating what appears to be the negative impact of the brain drain.

  6. The World Indigenous Research Alliance (WIRA): Mediating and Mobilizing Indigenous Peoples' Educational Knowledge and Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitinui, Paul; McIvor, Onowa; Robertson, Boni; Morcom, Lindsay; Cashman, Kimo; Arbon, Veronica

    2015-01-01

    There is an Indigenous resurgence in education occurring globally. For more than a century Euro-western approaches have controlled the provision and quality of education to, and for Indigenous peoples. The World Indigenous Research Alliance (WIRA) established in 2012, is a grass-roots movement of Indigenous scholars passionate about making a…

  7. The European radioecology alliance: encouraging the coordination and integration of research activities in radioecology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European Radioecology Alliance was established in 2009 with a firm conviction from its eight founding European organizations that joining forces would enhance the competence of radioecology science in Europe. The main objective of the Radioecology Alliance is to progressively strengthen the coordination and integration of research in the field of radioecology at national, European and international level. The integration of the European radioecology community will be a key aspect facing the upcoming EURATOM Horizon 2020 framework programme. In 2012, the Radioecology Alliance was officially constituted as an Association, and in June 2013 grew from 8 to 14 members from 10 different countries (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Norway, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom). Within the framework of the Radioecology Alliance, a Network of Excellence in Radioecology STAR (Strategy for Allied Radioecology) was created in 2011 with financial support of the EC FP7. More recently, the project COMET (Coordination and implementation of a pan-European instrument for radioecology) has been also funded by the EC to strengthen the pan-European research initiative on the radiation impact on man and the environment by facilitating the integration of the Research and Development activities in radioecology. The Radioecology Alliance, in close collaboration with STAR in the first phase, and more recently with COMET, has developed for the first time a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) on Radioecology. The SRA identifies three challenges: (1) To predict human and wildlife exposure more robustly by quantifying the key processes that most influence radionuclide transfers; (2) To determine ecological consequences under realistic exposure conditions and (3) To improve human and environmental protection by integrating radioecology. Within these 3 challenges, 15 research lines have been identified. After a consultation process which included not only the scientific community

  8. The European radioecology alliance: encouraging the coordination and integration of research activities in radioecology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Real, A. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas - CIEMAT (Spain); European Radioecology Alliance Association, French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety - IRSN, 31 Avenue de la Division Leclerc, BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses Cedex (France); Currivan, Lorraine [Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland - RPII (Ireland); Gariel, Jean-Christophe [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire - IRSN (France); Hardeman, Frank [SCK.CEN (Belgium); Howard, Brenda [Natural Environment Research Council - NERC, UK (United Kingdom); Lukashenko, Sergey [Kazakhstan Republic Institute of Nuclear Physics - NNCRK (Kazakhstan); Lund, Ingemar [Swedish Radiation Safety Authority - SSM (Sweden); Sabatier, Laure [Commissariat a l' energie atomique et aux energies alternatives - CEA (France); Sachs, Susanne [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf - HZDR (Germany); Salomaa, Sisko [Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority - STUK (Finland); Smith, James [University of Portsmouth - UoP (United Kingdom); Steiner, Martin [Federal Office for Radiation Protection - BfS (Germany); Strand, Per [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority - NRPA (Norway); Tschiersch, Jochen [Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen - HMGU (Germany); Hinton, Thomas [Strategy for Allied Radioecology - STAR Coordinator, IRSN (France); Vandenhove, Hildegarde [COordination and iMplementation of a pan-European instrumenT for radioecology - COMET Coordinator, SCK.CEN (Belgium)

    2014-07-01

    The European Radioecology Alliance was established in 2009 with a firm conviction from its eight founding European organizations that joining forces would enhance the competence of radioecology science in Europe. The main objective of the Radioecology Alliance is to progressively strengthen the coordination and integration of research in the field of radioecology at national, European and international level. The integration of the European radioecology community will be a key aspect facing the upcoming EURATOM Horizon 2020 framework programme. In 2012, the Radioecology Alliance was officially constituted as an Association, and in June 2013 grew from 8 to 14 members from 10 different countries (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Norway, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom). Within the framework of the Radioecology Alliance, a Network of Excellence in Radioecology STAR (Strategy for Allied Radioecology) was created in 2011 with financial support of the EC FP7. More recently, the project COMET (Coordination and implementation of a pan-European instrument for radioecology) has been also funded by the EC to strengthen the pan-European research initiative on the radiation impact on man and the environment by facilitating the integration of the Research and Development activities in radioecology. The Radioecology Alliance, in close collaboration with STAR in the first phase, and more recently with COMET, has developed for the first time a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) on Radioecology. The SRA identifies three challenges: (1) To predict human and wildlife exposure more robustly by quantifying the key processes that most influence radionuclide transfers; (2) To determine ecological consequences under realistic exposure conditions and (3) To improve human and environmental protection by integrating radioecology. Within these 3 challenges, 15 research lines have been identified. After a consultation process which included not only the scientific community

  9. Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Your Journey with TSC: You Are Not Alone Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance Overview La Esclerosis Tuberosa (Spanish Intro to ... History Database Research Resources International Scientific Advisory Board Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance Support Community Four Star Charity Rating by ...

  10. Cataloguing Rules for Books and other Media in Primary and Secondary Schools. A Simplified Version of Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Together with Rules for Cataloguing Non-book Materials. Fifth (Expanded) Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlong, Norman, Comp.; Platt, Peter, Comp.

    The School Library Association (London, England) presents a brief and simplified version of the 1967 "Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules" along with cataloging rules for non-book materials based on the "Non-book Materials: Cataloguing Rules" of 1973. The 33 rules are briefly stated, and short examples are given for main entries, titles, imprint,…

  11. Alliance capability as a mediator between experience and alliance performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimeriks, Koen; Duysters, Geert

    This study centers around the way in which firms can enhance alliance performance through the development of alliance capabilities. Whereas most research has focused on inter-firm antecedents of alliance performance, research on intra-firm antecedents pointing to prior experience and internal mec...... blocks underlying the process of alliance capability development.Key words: alliances, learning, knowledge transfer, alliance experience.JEL classification: L14......This study centers around the way in which firms can enhance alliance performance through the development of alliance capabilities. Whereas most research has focused on inter-firm antecedents of alliance performance, research on intra-firm antecedents pointing to prior experience and internal...... mechanisms to foster knowledge transfer has only recently emerged. As little is known about how firms develop alliance capabilities, this study aims to uncover how differences in sources of alliance capability development explain performance heterogeneity. The data come from a detailed survey held among...

  12. Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) Year 2 Report and Year 3 Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent D.; Box, Richard C.; Fink, Mary M.; Gogos, Geroge; Lehrer, Henry R.; Narayanan, Ram M.; Nickerson, Jocelyn S.; Tarry, Scott E.; Vlasek, Karisa D.

    2003-01-01

    The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL): a comprehensive, multi-faceted NASA EPSCoR 2000 initiative, contributes to the strategic research and technology priorities of NASA while intensifying Nebraska s rapidly growing aeronautics research and development endeavors. AERIAL enables Nebraska researchers to: (a) continue strengthening their collaborative relationships with NASA Field Centers, Codes, and Enterprises; (b) increase the capacity of higher education throughout Nebraska to invigorate and expand aeronautics research; and (c) expedite the development of aeronautics-related research infrastructure and industry in the state. This report contains a summary of AERIAL's activities and accomplishments during the second year of implementation. The AERIAL Year 3 proposal is also included.

  13. Alliance in Youth Care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rothman, Linda; Rijsingen, Rinie van; Pijnenburg, Huub

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces the concept of alliance in youth care. The concept of (therapeutic) alliance originates in adult psychotherapy and related research. Alliance refers to the working relationship between youth care workers and their clients. Within this concept, personal (emotional) and task re

  14. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2004 NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH RESEARCH ALLIANCE TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MCDONALD,R.J.

    2004-08-31

    This meeting is the seventeenth oilheat industry technology meeting held since 1984 and the forth since the National Oilheat Research Alliance was formed. This year's symposium is a very important part of the effort in technology transfer, which is supported by the Oilheat Research Program under the United States Department of Energy, Building Technologies Program within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The foremost reason for the conference is to provide a platform for the exchange of information and perspectives among international researchers, engineers, manufacturers, service technicians, and marketers of oil-fired space-conditioning equipment. The conference provides a conduit by which information and ideas can be exchanged to examine present technologies, as well as helping to develop the future course for oil heating advancement. These conferences also serve as a stage for unifying government representatives, researchers, fuel oil marketers, and other members of the oil-heat industry in addressing technology advancements in this important energy use sector. The specific objectives of the conference are to: (1) Identify and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and recommend new initiatives for higher efficiency, a cleaner environment, and to satisfy consumer needs cost-effectively, reliably, and safely; (2) Foster cooperative interactions among federal and industrial representatives for the common goal of sustained economic growth and energy security via energy conservation.

  15. Citing Dynamic Data - Research Data Alliance working group recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asmi, Ari; Rauber, Andreas; Pröll, Stefan; van Uytvanck, Dieter

    2016-04-01

    Geosciences research data sets are typically dynamic: changing over time as new records are added, errors are corrected and obsolete records are deleted from the data sets. Researchers often use only parts of the data sets or data stream, creating specific subsets tailored to their experiments. In order to keep such experiments reproducible and to share and cite the particular data used in a study, researchers need means of identifying the exact version of a subset as it was used during a specific execution of a workflow, even if the data source is continuously evolving. Some geosciences data services have tried to approach this problem by creating static versions of their data sets, and some have simply ignored this issue. The RDA Working Group on Dynamic Data Citation (WGDC) has instead approached the issue with a set of recommendations based upon versioned data, timestamping and a query based subsetting mechanism. The 14 RDA WGDC recommendations on how to adapt a data source for providing identifiable subsets for the long term are: Preparing the Data and the Query Store R1 - Data Versioning R2 - Timestamping R3 - Query Store Facilities Persistently Identifying Specific Data Sets R4 - Query Uniqueness R5 - Stable Sorting R6 - Result Set Verification R7 - Query Timestamping R8 - Query PID R9 - Store the Query R10 - Automated Citation Texts Resolving PIDs and Retrieving the Data - R11 - Landing Page R12 - Machine Actionability Upon modifications to the Data Infrastructure R13 - Technology Migration R14 - Migration Verification We present a detailed discussion of the recommendations, the rationale behind them, and give examples of how to implement them.

  16. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES – THEIR DEFINITION AND FORMATION

    OpenAIRE

    Kinderis, Remigijus; Jucevičius, Giedrius

    2013-01-01

    The article presents analysis of the definition of strategic alliances, the analysis of alliance and the research of a strategic alliance concept; furthermore, it focuses on the contingent hierarchy of alliances. The motives of strategic alliances formation, their categories, groups and benefit for business have been revealed in this article. Special attention is paid to the process of strategic alliance formation and the analysis of factors that influence the formation of strategic alliances...

  17. Research of Entropy-Based Overall Performance Measurement Model of Enterprises Technology Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jian

    2006-01-01

    The performance measurement of enterprise technology alliances is complex. In this article, evaluation mechanism of entropy has been applied to it. Above all, performance connotation of enterprise technology alliance is defined from the aspect of self-organization theory. Then, on dynamic and systema -tical view, an entropy-based overall performance measurement model for technology alliance is established, using its life-cycle as the principal line, which includes initial condition evaluation, process evaluation as well as benefit evaluation. Finally, a case study is carried out to the demonstration of that model. The author believes that an improved performance measurement model based on alliance life-cycle would be practicability to alliance.

  18. THE ALLIANCE FORMATION PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Whipple, Judith M.; Frankel, Robert

    1998-01-01

    While interest in developing strategic alliances within the food system continues to increase, there remains considerable risk when firms adopt such a cooperative strategy. The risk is due in part to the lack of concrete guidelines that illustrate the steps or stages of alliance development and the important strategic and operational decisions required at each stage. The existence of such guidelines would facilitate alliance formation and enable managers and researchers to better understand a...

  19. Developing Alliance Capabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimeriks, Koen H.; Duysters, Geert; Vanhaverbeke, Wim

    This paper assesses the differential performance effects of learning mechanisms on the development of alliance capabilities. Prior research has suggested that different capability levels could be identified in which specific intra-firm learning mechanisms are used to enhance a firm's alliance...... capability. However, empirical testing in this field is scarce and little is known as to what extent different learning mechanisms are indeed useful in advancing a firm's alliance capability. This paper analyzes to what extent intra-firm learning mechanisms help firms develop their alliance capability....... Differential learning may explain in what way firms yield superior returns from their alliances in comparison to competitors. The empirical results show that different learning mechanisms have different performance effects at different stages of the alliance capability development process. The main lesson from...

  20. Research Data Alliance's Interest Group on "Weather, Climate and Air Quality"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretonnière, Pierre-Antoine; Benincasa, Francesco

    2016-04-01

    Research Data Alliance's Interest Group on "Weather, Climate and Air Quality" More than ever in the history of Earth sciences, scientists are confronted with the problem of dealing with huge amounts of data that grow continuously at a rate that becomes a challenge to process and analyse them using conventional methods. Data come from many different and widely distributed sources, ranging from satellite platforms and in-situ sensors to model simulations, and with different degrees of openness. How can Earth scientists deal with this diversity and big volume and extract useful information to understand and predict the relevant processes? The Research Data Alliance (RDA, https://rd-alliance.org/), an organization that promotes and develops new data policies, data standards and focuses on the development of new technical solutions applicable in many distinct areas of sciences, recently entered in its third phase. In this framework, an Interest Group (IG) comprised of community experts that are committed to directly or indirectly enable and facilitate data sharing, exchange, or interoperability in the fields of weather, climate and air quality has been created recently. Its aim is to explore and discuss the challenges for the use and efficient analysis of large and diverse datasets of relevance for these fields taking advantage of the knowledge generated and exchanged in RDA. At the same time, this IG intends to be a meeting point between members of the aforementioned communities to share experiences and propose new solutions to overcome the forthcoming challenges. Based on the collaboration between several research meteorological and European climate institutes, but also taking into account the input from the private (from the renewable energies, satellites and agriculture sectors for example) and public sectors, this IG will suggest practical and applicable solutions for Big Data issues, both at technological and policy level, encountered by these communities. We

  1. Strategic alliance development: a study on alliances between competing firms

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyuni, S.

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this study was to reveal the development of lSAs (International Strategic Alliances) and the important factors for every phase of an alliance relationship. Since there are a great number of variables that can be assessed throughout the whole process of an alliance life, we decided to focus this research on the operational phase of alliances. This choice was based on the assumption that during the operational phase, firms normally face difficulties in their relationship. In th...

  2. Time Management - New Religion of Our Age: 'Time' In Anglo-American Culture vs. 'Vrijeme' in Croatian Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Ksenija Juretić

    2004-01-01

    This research on time management within the project ‘Management in Entrepreneurship’ is based both on cognitive linguistics and the cultural dimension of time in international business. In accordance with our conceptualization and relationship to time, culture can be divided into monochronic time (M-time) and polychronic time (P-time) cultures. While M-time culture, which is best represented by the United States, emphasizes schedules, a precise reckoning of time, and promptness, P-time cultur...

  3. Time Management - New Religion of Our Age: 'Time' In Anglo-American Culture vs. 'Vrijeme' in Croatian Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenija Juretić

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This research on time management within the project ‘Management in Entrepreneurship’ is based both on cognitive linguistics and the cultural dimension of time in international business. In accordance with our conceptualization and relationship to time, culture can be divided into monochronic time (M-time and polychronic time (P-time cultures. While M-time culture, which is best represented by the United States, emphasizes schedules, a precise reckoning of time, and promptness, P-time culture, Croatia, falling into this category, emphasizes the involvement of people rather than a rigid adherence to the clock. The results, so far, show how our conceptualization of time - on a subconscious level - influences our lives and how theories of time management can be transferred into teaching Business English in Croatia where, ‘having done something on time’ is definitely of less importance than to the American society.

  4. The Oral HIV/AIDS Research Alliance Program: lessons learned and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiboski, C H; Webster-Cyriaque, J Y; Ghannoum, M; Dittmer, D P; Greenspan, J S

    2016-04-01

    The Oral HIV/AIDS Research Alliance (OHARA) was established in 2006 to provide the capacity to investigate the oral complications associated with HIV/AIDS within the ACTG infrastructure. Its goals were to explore the effects of potent antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the development of opportunistic infections, and variation and resistance of opportunistic pathogens in the context of immune suppression and long-term ART. The objectives of this talk, presented as part of a plenary session at the 7th World Workshop on Oral Health and Disease in AIDS, were to (i) provide an overview of OHARA's most recent research agenda, and how it evolved since OHARA's inception; (ii) describe OHARA's main accomplishments, including examples of research protocols completed and their key findings; and (iii) describe spin-off projects derived from OHARA, lessons learned, and future directions. OHARA has met its central goal and made key contributions to the field in several ways: (i) by developing/updating diagnostic criteria for oral disease endpoints commonly measured in OHARA protocols and in HIV/AIDS research in general and has creating standardized training modules, both for measuring these oral disease endpoints across clinical specialties, and for collecting oral fluid specimens; (ii) by implementing a total of nine protocols, six of which are completed. Three protocols involved domestic research sites, while three involved international research sites (in Africa, India, and South America); (iii) and by developing and validating a number of laboratory assays used in its protocols and in the field of oral HIV/AIDS research. PMID:27109281

  5. The problem of formation of strategic oil-gas research alliance's in the Caspian region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : Common information is given here concerning the Caspian region that is located in the juncture zone of two regions : European and Western Asian. While the European region is a great centre of gas consumption, the Western Asian region contains the largest gas accumulation. Gas supply from Iran, Iraq, Turkmenia in the western direction requires strategic alliances in development of hydrocarbon potential. Also project investments on PSA base are more developed. Russia uses PSA mechanisms and strategic alliance formation. Reasons for strategic alliance formation for every company are widely described. Analysis of seismic data proves existence of anomalies of hydrocarbon pool type to filter the prospect portfolio, geological information complex analysis and preparation materials for oil and gas atlas formation. Peculiarity of Caspian region determine the necessing of international strategic alliance for decision infrastructure formation and ecosystem conservation

  6. Alliance Against Cancer, the network of Italian cancer centers bridging research and care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paoli, Paolo; Ciliberto, Gennaro; Ferrarini, Manlio; Pelicci, PierGiuseppe; Dellabona, Paolo; De Lorenzo, Francesco; Mantovani, Alberto; Musto, Pellegrino; Opocher, Giuseppe; Picci, Piero; Ricciardi, Walter; De Maria, Ruggero

    2015-01-01

    Alliance Against Cancer (ACC) was established in Rome in 2002 as a consortium of six Italian comprehensive cancer centers (Founders). The aims of ACC were to promote a network among Italian oncologic institutions in order to develop specific, advanced projects in clinical and translational research. During the following years, many additional full and associate members joined ACC, that presently includes the National Institute of Health, 17 research-oriented hospitals, scientific and patient organizations. Furthermore, in the last three years ACC underwent a reorganization process that redesigned the structure, governance and major activities. The present goal of ACC is to achieve high standards of care across Italy, to implement and harmonize principles of modern personalized and precision medicine, by developing cost effective processes and to provide tailored information to cancer patients. We herein summarize some of the major initiatives that ACC is currently developing to reach its goal, including tumor genetic screening programs, establishment of clinical trial programs for cancer patients treated in Italian cancer centers, facilitate their access to innovative drugs under development, improve quality through an European accreditation process (European Organization of Cancer Institutes), and develop international partnerships. In conclusion, ACC is a growing organization, trying to respond to the need of networking in Italy and may contribute significantly to improve the way we face cancer in Europe. PMID:26578263

  7. Research of Strategic Alliance Stable Decision-making Model Based on Rough Set and DEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Yi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article uses rough set theory for stability evaluation system of strategic alliance at first. Uses data analysis method for reduction, eliminates redundant indexes. Selected 6 enterprises as a decision-making unit, then select 4 inputs and 2 outputs indexes data, using DEA model to calculate, analysis reasons for poor benefit of decision-making unit, find out improvement direction and quantity for changing, provide a reference for the alliance stability.

  8. Robotic collaborative technology alliance: an open architecture approach to integrated research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Robert Michael S.; DiBerardino, Charles A.

    2014-06-01

    The Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliance (RCTA) seeks to provide adaptive robot capabilities which move beyond traditional metric algorithms to include cognitive capabilities [1]. Research occurs in 5 main Task Areas: Intelligence, Perception, Dexterous Manipulation and Unique Mobility (DMUM), Human Robot Interaction (HRI), and Integrated Research (IR). This last task of Integrated Research is especially critical and challenging. Individual research components can only be fully assessed when integrated onto a robot where they interact with other aspects of the system to create cross-Task capabilities which move beyond the State of the Art. Adding to the complexity, the RCTA is comprised of 12+ independent organizations across the United States. Each has its own constraints due to development environments, ITAR, "lab" vs "real-time" implementations, and legacy software investments from previous and ongoing programs. We have developed three main components to manage the Integration Task. The first is RFrame, a data-centric transport agnostic middleware which unifies the disparate environments, protocols, and data collection mechanisms. Second is the modular Intelligence Architecture built around the Common World Model (CWM). The CWM instantiates a Common Data Model and provides access services. Third is RIVET, an ITAR free Hardware-In-The-Loop simulator based on 3D game technology. RIVET provides each researcher a common test-bed for development prior to integration, and a regression test mechanism. Once components are integrated and verified, they are released back to the consortium to provide the RIVET baseline for further research. This approach allows Integration of new and legacy systems built upon different architectures, by application of Open Architecture principles.

  9. Intersectoral debate on social research strengthens alliances, advocacy and action for maternal survival in Zambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manandhar, Mary; Maimbolwa, Margaret; Muulu, Elson; Mulenga, Mary Mwange; O'Donovan, Diarmuid

    2009-03-01

    The Health Promotion Research Centre of the National University of Ireland, Galway and the University of Zambia's School of Medicine conducted operational research to understand and address the socio-cultural and gender contexts of maternal survival. Together with an analytical policy and programming review and qualitative research, the project process also involved the convening of 'Interest Group' meetings involving intersectoral stakeholders at Central (Lusaka) and Provincial (Kasama) levels. These meetings aimed to catalyse debate and stimulate advocacy on the project theme by using discussion of qualitative research as entry point. Participants came from government departments, civil society groups, the indigenous health system, academia, technical provider associations, and media, advocacy and human rights organisations. We found that engagement in Interest Groups was successful at Provincial level with lively participation from civil society, media and advocacy stakeholders and strong engagement by the health system. The process was welcomed as an opportunity to fill gaps in understanding about underlying social determinants of health and jointly explore intervention approaches. Overburdened government staff at central level faced with disease-focused interventions rather than underlying contextual determinants, and a weak culture of health sector engagement with civil society, academics and activists, contributed to less successful functioning in Lusaka. Final Dissemination and Discussion Events incorporated material from Interest Group Meetings to stimulate wider discussion and make recommendations. This project highlights the potential value of intersectoral stakeholder discussions from the inception stage of research to stimulate intersectoral exchange and alliance building, inform advocacy, and catalyse the process of research into action. PMID:19008243

  10. Schistosomiasis research in Africa: how the CONTRAST alliance made it happen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utzinger, Jürg; Brattig, Norbert W; Kristensen, Thomas K

    2013-11-01

    In May 2012, the World Health Assembly passed resolution WHA 65.21, calling upon member states to intensify schistosomiasis control and, wherever possible, to attempt transmission interruption and initiate interventions towards local elimination. It is now clear that CONTRAST--a multidisciplinary alliance to optimize schistosomiasis control and transmission surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa--was ahead of the game. Indeed, launched in October 2006, this 4-year project funded by the European Commission made important contributions for sustainable schistosomiasis control in the selected African countries through innovation, validation and application of new tools and locally adapted intervention strategies complementary to preventive chemotherapy. Moreover, CONTRAST articulated a research agenda for schistosomiasis elimination, framed by 10 key questions. Here, we provide a rationale for CONTRAST and discuss its overarching goal, the interrelated objectives, establishment and running of a research node network across Africa, partnership configuration and modus operandi of the project. A collection of 25 articles is presented that are grouped into five main themes: molecular, biological, spatial, social and cross-cutting issues pertaining to the epidemiology and control of schistosomiasis. We summarize key achievements made by CONTRAST, many of which are featured in this special issue of Acta Tropica. Together with an independent view put forth by an eminent schistosomiasis researcher, the current piece provides an umbrella for the 25-article collection, including current gaps and remaining research needs. Finally, post-CONTRAST initiatives are discussed and a speculative viewpoint is given on how schistosomiasis control/elimination will have evolved over the next several years. PMID:23973364

  11. Research Data Alliance: Understanding Big Data Analytics Applications in Earth Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riedel, Morris; Ramachandran, Rahul; Baumann, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The Research Data Alliance (RDA) enables data to be shared across barriers through focused working groups and interest groups, formed of experts from around the world - from academia, industry and government. Its Big Data Analytics (BDA) interest groups seeks to develop community based recommendations on feasible data analytics approaches to address scientific community needs of utilizing large quantities of data. BDA seeks to analyze different scientific domain applications (e.g. earth science use cases) and their potential use of various big data analytics techniques. These techniques reach from hardware deployment models up to various different algorithms (e.g. machine learning algorithms such as support vector machines for classification). A systematic classification of feasible combinations of analysis algorithms, analytical tools, data and resource characteristics and scientific queries will be covered in these recommendations. This contribution will outline initial parts of such a classification and recommendations in the specific context of the field of Earth Sciences. Given lessons learned and experiences are based on a survey of use cases and also providing insights in a few use cases in detail.

  12. Learning from Past Infrastructure to Embrace Friction and Create the Research Data Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, M. A.

    2014-12-01

    In creating international organizations, we are often seeking to create new scientific infrastructure. Yet infrastructure is never truly planned or designed up front. It evolves through a staged process that can involve complex dynamics, unanticipated consequences, and significant friction between individuals, organizations, and systems. Collaborators may agree on general directions or principles, but they do not necessarily have common goals. Coalition style politics emerge that can both ameliorate and exacerbate the friction, but it is through this multifaceted perspective that we achieve greater understanding. The Research Data Alliance embraces this complex dynamic. It has no overarching plan or architecture, but it provides core principles and a "neutral place" that provide enough alignment to move forward while still recognizing the value of friction. The focus is on building and implementing bridges or gateways that connect disparate systems, organizations, and processes in order to create more interconnection and increase data sharing. This presentation will describe this approach adopted by RDA and the initial products created--both technical and social. More importantly, it will illustrate how these products have been adopted at multiple scales and suggest ways forward toward a rapid evolution of a data-sharing infrastructure.

  13. Interpartner Legitimacy in the Alliance Development Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kumar, Rajesh; Das, T.K.

    cooperation to achieve alliance objectives. We propose three types of interpartner legitimacy - pragmatic, moral, and cognitive legitimacy - and discuss the dynamics of these three types in the formation, operation, and outcome stages of alliance development. Further, we discuss the salience of interpartner......We propose a framework to understand interpartner legitimacy in strategic alliances. Interpartner legitimacy is the mutual acknowledgment by the alliance partners that their actions are proper in the developmental processes of the alliance. We argue that interpartner legitimacy is needed for...... legitimacy in different alliance types. Finally, we derive propositions for further research, and discuss strategies that alliance managers can adopt to develop interpartner legitimacy....

  14. Strategic alliances : fit or failure

    OpenAIRE

    Douma, Marc Ulco

    1997-01-01

    Strategic alliances have come to form a structural element within present day economic systems. In spite of a considerable increase in the number of alliances, in practice these are quite often less successful than initially anticipated by the partners involved. These two observations formed the immediate motivation for our research into strategic alliances. The objective of this research was the development of a practical framework for companies, that structures and objectifies the decision ...

  15. Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) Progress Report and Proposal for Funding Continuation NASA Nebraska EPSCoR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent; Fink, Mary; Gogos, George; Moussavi, Massoum; Nickerson, Jocelyn; Rundquist, Donald; Russell, Valerie; Tarry, Scott

    2004-01-01

    The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL), which began as a comprehensive, multi-faceted NASA EPSCoR 2000 initiative, has contributed substantially to the strategic research and technology priorities of NASA, while intensifying Nebraska's rapidly growing aeronautics research and development endeavors. AERIAL has enabled Nebraska researchers to: (a) continue strengthening their collaborative relationships with NASA Field Centers, Codes, and Enterprises; (b) increase the capacity of higher education throughout Nebraska to invigorate and expand aeronautics research; and (c) expedite the development of aeronautics-related research infrastructure and industry in the state. Nebraska has placed emphasis on successfully securing additional funds from non-EPSCoR and non-NASA sources. AERIAL researchers have aggressively pursued additional funding opportunities offered by NASA, industry, and other agencies. This report contains a summary of AERIAL's activities and accomplishments during its first three years of implementation.

  16. Strategic Alliance Development - A Process Model A Case Study Integrating Elements of Strategic Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Yunos, Mohd Bulkiah

    2007-01-01

    There has been enormous increase in the formation of strategic alliance and the research efforts devoted to understanding alliance development process over the last few decades. However, the critical elements that influence the each stage of alliance development are yet unexplored. This dissertation aims to fill this gap and to supplement it by introducing an integrated process model of strategic alliance development and its critical elements. The process model for strategic alliance developm...

  17. Technological and Research Alliances as a Competitive advantage for Nissan and Renault

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Aicanzi

    2008-01-01

    Globalization makes the world smaller and smaller. (Meredith & Shafer, 2001). The products and services in the world provide by firms on the basis of globalization. Especially in the last decade, it is noted that the changes accelerated the globalization pace dramatically and increased the resource, money, culture, and business interaction. Exactly under the results of changes and the formation of more and more global market, the strategic alliance gains its rapid development among the compan...

  18. Research on the Mode of ASP-based Services Alliance for SME

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MEI Yi; LIU Dan; YANG Wenjie

    2006-01-01

    More and more small and medium enterprises(SMEs) carry professional information systems into effect by Application Service Provider(ASP). However, lots of ASP has just single function so that they can't meet needs for collaborative commerce among SMEs. Therefore, the ASP-based Services Alliance (ASA) is proposed to raise level of information application for SMEs. The formation process of ASA is introduced, some key methods supporting ASA formation are presented and the practice of ASA in Guizhou province which was developed with the key methods discussed. SMEs can get high quality, low cost online services and the ability of capturing market with allied member collaboratively through ASA.

  19. Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting (TAMDAR) Icing Sensor Performance During the 2003 Alliance Icing Research Study (AIRS II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, John J.; Schaffner, Philip R.; Minnis, Patrick; Nguyen, Louis; Delnore, Victor E.; Daniels, Taumi S.; Grainger, C. A.; Delene, D.; Wolff, C. A.

    2004-01-01

    The Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting (TAMDAR) sensor was deployed onboard the University of North Dakota Citation II aircraft in the Alliance Icing Research Study (AIRS II) from Nov 19 through December 14, 2003. TAMDAR is designed to measure and report winds, temperature, humidity, turbulence and icing from regional commercial aircraft (Daniels et. al., 2004). TAMDAR icing sensor performance is compared to a) in situ validation data from the Citation II sensor suite, b) Current Icing Potential products developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and available operationally on the NOAA Aviation Weather Center s Aviation Digital Data Server (ADDS) and c) NASA Advanced Satellite Aviation-weather Products (ASAP) cloud microphysical products.

  20. Therapeutic alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Valerie

    2002-01-01

    I have been very fortunate in my journey of mental illness. I respond well to medication, but I don't think that is the complete answer to living successfully with serious, persistent mental illness. I believe a person's environment is also of utmost importance, enabling the person suffering with mental illness to continually grow in life. I found early in my struggle with mental illness a psychiatrist with whom I have always had a very good rapport. Until recently I didn't know that what I have with this psychiatrist is professionally known as a therapeutic alliance. Over the years, when I need someone to talk over anything that is troubling to me, I seek my psychiatrist. A therapeutic alliance is non-judgmental; it is nourishing; and finally it is a relationship of complete trust. Perhaps persons reading this article who have never experienced this alliance will seek it. I believe it can make an insecure person secure; a frightened person less frightened; and allow a person to continue the journey of mental health with a sense of belief in oneself. PMID:12433224

  1. Testing Assumptions about Evaluating Strategic Alliance Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Olk, Paul; Ariño, Africa

    2003-01-01

    Researchers have used a variety of measures to evaluate strategic alliance performance. In this paper we use data collected on performance of R&D consortia in the U.S. and of Spain-based equity and non-equity dyadic alliances to investigate empirically five basic assumptions made by strategic alliance researchers. We find that while several assumptions are supported, others are not. Results are consistent across samples. We conclude with recommendations for how to evaluate performance in futu...

  2. Cohesion and alliance between clinic and research, in a time-limited group for young adults in a mental health center: A study of clinical efficacy

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Teresa Gargano; Vittorio Lenzo; Giuseppa Salanitro; Savio Camizzi; Girolamo Lo Verso

    2014-01-01

    Currently, the clinical efficacy of psychodynamic group psychotherapy, is still poorly studied. Also some process variables, such as cohesion and alliance, are poorly investigated, despite the group-setting is widely used in italian public health system. Hence a progressive separation between the scientific work of empirical research and clinical practice conducted in the italian public health system. Starting from these premises, a single-case research was realized, whose results are describ...

  3. Social Psychological Research: The Comparison of Four Journals

    OpenAIRE

    Witte, Erich H.; Brandt, Valerie C.

    2010-01-01

    "Every scientific field can be described by its typical research focus or paradigm. These research paradigms or research matrices reflect what is viewed as “normal science” in the respective field. This study aimed to find out what defines the research matrix of the typical Anglo-American social psychology journal versus the typical German social psychology journal and why the “German Journal of Social Psychology”, that was founded in the 1970ies in order to enhance application orientation an...

  4. The CRACK programme: a scientific alliance for bridging healthcare research and public health policies in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Corrao

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Healthcare utilisation databases, and other secondary data sources, have been used with growing frequency to assess health outcomes and healthcare interventions worldwide. Their increased popularity as a research tool is due to their timely availability, the large patient populations covered, low cost, and applicability for studying real-world clinical practice. Despite the need to measure Italian National Health Service performance both at regional and national levels, the wealth of good quality electronic data and the high standards of scientific research in this field, healthcare research and public health policies seem to progress along orthogonal dimensions in Italy. The main barriers to the development of evidence-based public health include the lack of understanding of evidence-based methodologies by policy makers, and of involvement of researchers in the policy process. The CRACK programme was launched by some academics from the Lombardy Region. By extensively using electronically stored data, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, pharmacologists and clinicians applied methods and evidence to several issues of healthcare research. The CRACK programme was based on their intention to remove barriers that thwart the process of bridging methods and findings from scientific journals to public health practice. This paper briefly describes aim, articulation and management of the CRACK programme, and discusses why it might find articulated application in Italy.

  5. Scenarios for energy transition by ANCRE, the National Alliance for Coordination of Energy Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Public research institutes - brought together in ANCRE - present their scenarios in order to provide a backdrop for this fundamental transformation about to take place in France. How to reduce to 50% the share of nuclear power by 2025 and to divide by 4 greenhouse gas emissions by 2050? These tools enable ANCRE to calculate the heavy investments that will be necessary to develop new technologies and to build distribution networks. (authors)

  6. A new AMPHORA: an introduction to the project Alcohol Measures for Public Health Research Alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gual, Antoni; Anderson, Peter

    2011-03-01

    The AMPHORA Project is a 4 years project funded by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission which aims to contribute with new evidence on scarcely explored or unexplored areas of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm in Europe. In this introductory article we describe the background of the Project and its main features. The research areas covered by AMPHORA are wide and diverse. Some of the most relevant are: an update on European epidemiological data; the definition of standard common indicators of alcohol consumption and harm; the measurement of the strength of alcohol policies; the study of contextual determinants of alcohol consumption, the analysis of the impact of marketing on youth; the availability of treatments at a European level; and two areas of harm reduction (contamination of illegal or surrogate alcohols and the reduction of harm in drinking venues). PMID:21324015

  7. Research On The Construction And Operation Mode Of College Student Entrepreneurship Alliance – Taking Hebei Province As An Example

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Bo; Zhang Ke; Li Baihua

    2014-01-01

    The construction and good operation of college student entrepreneurship organizations play an important role in the cultivation of college student entrepreneurship awareness and the improvement of college student entrepreneurship ability and success rate. This paper summarizes the factors restricting student entrepreneurship and proposes the suggestion of constructing student entrepreneurship alliance based on the analysis of the education and the current operation status of entrepreneurship ...

  8. A Study of Learning Strategic Alliances from an Evolutionary Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yong-hui

    2008-01-01

    We present an exploratory framework based on an amalgamation of organizational learning and strategic alliance literatures. It highlights the importance of understanding learning in alliance partnerships from an evolutionary perspective. The research proposes that as alliances progress from awareness through commitment phases, learning priorities change.

  9. Stakeholder relations a way of viewing your alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Pierce, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Using stakeholder relationships in order to understand alliances could possibly be one way of getting a new take on alliances and why they so often fail. During the LUSAX research a number of factors have emerged that can be said to influence alliances. Having dedicated functions to run and monitor the alliances, as well as having good relationships with partners that materializes into trust are two such functions. How then do you understand complex relationships, the different ne...

  10. Creation of a European alliance in radioecology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eight European organizations, including the CIEMAT, have created an Alliance Radioecology, pledging to integrate part of their R and D on a new Strategic Research Agenda, in order to integrate and sustain long-term research in this discipline.

  11. Friedreich's Ataxia Research Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tools Raising Awareness Advocacy Memorials What is Friedreich's Ataxia? About FARA Mission & Organization Financials Leadership & Staff Scientific ... Tools Raising Awareness Advocacy Memorials What is Friedreich's Ataxia? FARA News / Blogs Ride Ataxia rideATAXIA Chicago 2016 ...

  12. Entrepreneurial Alliances: A Study of Entrepreneurship and Strategic Alliances in the Charter School Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Cheryl A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the practices, processes, and success rates of 15 entrepreneurial alliances in the Texas charter school industry. The research involved interdisciplinary industries (business and education) and focused on how a specific type of alliance structure utilized social innovation to exploit opportunity and impact change in the…

  13. Trust in Strategic Alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the dynamic and multi-dimensional nature of trust in strategic alliances. Adopting a co-evolutionary approach, I developed a framework to show how trust, conceptualised in different forms, plays distinct roles at various evolutionary stages of the alliance relationship...

  14. A FRAMEWORK FOR SUBCONTRACTOR INTEGRATION IN ALLIANCE CONTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilasini, Nimesha

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Project alliancing involves the active collaboration of construction project owners and non-owner participants (designer, contractors, and suppliers to deliver projects in an atmosphere of shared responsibilities and liabilities. Alliancing connotes integration but in real practice, it fails to create a true alliance environment since only part of the value chain (owner, designer, main contractor is considered for integration. Consequently subcontractors are very often left out of the key alliance. Therefore this study identifies improvement areas to current alliance practice and suggests changes that will permit critical sub-contracting processes to be integrated into a project’s main alliance. To achieve this objective the research follows a comparative study approach. Information obtained from relevant literature is used to identify current subcontractor management practices and best practices for subcontractor integration in alliances. A case study of an alliance project is used to identify improvement areas in subcontractor management practices in an alliance environment. From these findings, the study proposes a revised alliance framework that integrates subcontractors from the early stages in alliance contracts, thus enabling the realisation of benefits accruable to projects through early contractor involvement.

  15. Strategic Classification and Examination of the Development of Current Airline Alliance Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi H.; Evans, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Previous research argues that despite the fact that strategic alliances have become an important feature of the world airline industry, little rigorous analysis has been done on the effects of these alliances. This is partially because there is a lack of precise definitions to specify different types of airline alliances in the literature. This research identifies several categories of airline alliances through a strategic classification of the current alliance activities involving the major airlines for the period 1989 to 1999. The classification enables this research to examine how strategic alliance activities are evolving, particularly to compare how airlines in North America, the European Union and the Asia Pacific region have committed to different alliances. Findings show that there is a significant difference between the number and scope of alliances adopted in the three aviation markets. These findings facilitate research to further analyse the impact of market liberalization on various formations of strategic airline alliances.

  16. Fairness theory applied to strategic alliance negotiations

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates negotiation processes during strategic alliance formations between venture capital firms and start-up companies by empirically assessing previous literature on negotiation theory and further developing the understanding of fairness theory. The lack of empirical evidence surrounding alliances between venture capital firms and start-up companies is the basis for this research. Cross-sectional data have been obtained from seven different successful cases of short-term in...

  17. Strategic alliances in the corporate environment

    OpenAIRE

    Sambhi, Devinder S.

    2006-01-01

    This paper concentrates on research regarding the various types of strategic alliances that are employed within the corporate environment. A strategic alliance defined is the sharing of resources between two or more companies in order to provide shared benefits that otherwise individually would be more difficult to realise. This paper applies the findings to the Engineering Line of Business (ELoB) of BC Hydro, a Crown corporation in British Columbia. ELoB is entering a transition phase where ...

  18. What Do Chinese and Foreign Universities Value about Their Strategic Alliances? Exploring a Dimension of Higher Education Alliances in a Cross Cultural Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Mike

    2003-01-01

    There are now over 5,000 alliances between Chinese and foreign universities but there is little research on how managers from the two sides value the various aspects of their educational alliances. This research finds that both sides valued a range of alliance levels, types, activities, sizes and structures but there were significant differences.…

  19. Western Nuclear Science Alliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Western Nuclear Science Alliance (WNSA) was formed at Oregon State University (OSU) under the DOE Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure and Education (INIE) program in 2002. The primary objective of the INIE program is to strengthen nuclear science and engineering programs at the member institutions and to address the long term goal of the University Reactor Infrastructure and Education Assistance Program. WNSA has been very effective in meeting these goals. The infrastructure at several of the WNSA university nuclear reactors has been upgraded significantly, as have classroom and laboratory facilities for Nuclear Engineering, Health Physics, and Radiochemistry students and faculty. Major nuclear-related education programs have been inaugurated, including considerable assistance by WNSA universities to other university nuclear programs. Research has also been enhanced under WNSA, as has outreach to pre-college and college students and faculty. The INIE program under WNSA has been an exceptional boost to the nuclear programs at the eight funded WNSA universities. In subsequent years under INIE these programs have expanded even further in terms of new research facilities, research reactor renovations, expanded educational opportunities, and extended cooperation and collaboration between universities, national laboratories, and nuclear utilities.

  20. 动态联盟利益分配的谈判模型研究%The Research for the Negotiation Model about the Benefit Allocation of the Dynamic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙东川; 叶飞

    2001-01-01

    The Dynamic Alliance will become the main organization of 21st century. The partners take part in the Dynamic Alliance in order to attain more advantage. Therefore, that it the Dynamic Alliance can allocate the benefit reasonably will affect the achievement of the Virtual Enterprise. The Dynamic Alliance is a new teamwork model, so a few literatures have begun to research it .The paper think that the benefit allocation of Dynamic Alliance is a process of Group Decision Making (GDM), so this paper put forward the Nash Negotiation Model to allocate the Benefit of the Dynamic Alliance. In the end, this method is simulated.%动态联盟将是21世纪的主要组织模式。合作伙伴参与动态联盟的一个重要的目的就是为了获得更多的经济利益。因此,利益分配是否合理将直接关系到动态联盟的绩效发挥。动态联盟是一种全新的合作模式,因此一些文献已提出采用对策理论来解决虚拟企业利益分配问题。但考虑到动态联盟利益分配过程也是一个群决策的过程,是一个使合作伙伴的满意达到最优的过程。因此本文提出采用Nash谈判模型利益分配方法,并举例说明。

  1. The Influence of Therapist Variance on the Dependability of Therapists' Alliance Scores: A Brief Comment on "The Dependability of Alliance Assessments: The Alliance-Outcome Correlation Is Larger than You Think" (Crits-Christoph et al., 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Scott A.; Imel, Zac E.; Atkins, David C.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Crits-Christoph, Connolly Gibbons, Hamilton, Ring-Kurtz, and Gallop (2011) used generalizability theory to critique the measurement of the therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy research, showing that the dependability of alliance scores may be quite low, which in turn can lead to attenuated alliance-outcome correlation estimates. Method…

  2. Revenue-sharing mechanisms in airline alliance revenue management problems

    OpenAIRE

    Alahuhta, Jari

    2015-01-01

    The research in revenue management in airline industry is usually limited to problems that only involve a single airline. Due to the emergence and growth of airline alliances, it is becoming increasingly important to understand revenue management in alliance contexts. In this thesis, I discuss different revenue-sharing models in airline alliances and analyze and compare these models both theoretically and through numerical simulations. I also describe how economics commonly approaches this ty...

  3. ALLIANCE DECISION-MAKING OF SME: PHASES AND INFLUENCE FACTORS

    OpenAIRE

    KARLA DIAZ

    2009-01-01

    Experience of some countries shows how alliances have helped SME (small and medium enterprises) to be successful; however, this strategy is still not very popular in many other countries. Managing alliances is no more difficult than deciding to enter into such a cooperative relationship. Many researchers, particularly in the advanced countries have studied strategic alliances with special emphasis on large enterprises and focused as a way of internationalization but there is still a gap of re...

  4. International Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Arif, Mohd.

    2008-01-01

    International Strategic Alliance is the combination of two or more firm future objective, which achieved by together practices of the MNCs. The term "strategic alliance" can means many things. In its broadest sense, it can apply to virtually any of collaboration between two or more firms, including one or more of the following activities: design contracts; technology transfer agreements; joint product development; distribution agreement; marketing and promotional collaboration; intellectual a...

  5. Mars Museum Visualization Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohus, A. M.; Viotti, M. A.; de Jong, E. M.

    2004-11-01

    The Mars Museum Visualization Alliance is a collaborative effort funded by the Mars Public Engagement Office and supported by JPL's Informal Education staff and the Solar System Visualization Project to share the adventure of exploration and make Mars a real place. The effort started in 2002 with a small working group of museum professionals to learn how best to serve museum audiences through informal science educators. By the time the Mars Exploration Rovers landed on Mars in January 2004, over 100 organizations were partners in the Alliance, which has become a focused community of Mars educators. The Alliance provides guaranteed access to images, information, news, and resources for use by the informal science educators with their students, educators, and public audiences. Thousands of people have shared the adventure of exploring Mars and now see it as a real place through the efforts of the Mars Museum Visualization Alliance partners. The Alliance has been lauded for "providing just the right inside track for museums to do what they do best," be that webcasts, live presentations with the latest images and information, high-definition productions, planetarium shows, or hands-on educational activities. The Alliance is extending its mission component with Cassini, Genesis, Deep Impact, and Stardust. The Mars Exploration and Cassini Programs, as well as the Genesis, Deep Impact, and Stardust Projects, are managed for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

  6. Cooperation in International Strategic Alliances and Impact on Host Economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have suggested that linkages between multinational enterprises entering developing countries and local firms can promote knowledge upgrading in local firms. Alliances are a particularly intense type of linkage, and this study investigates how the construct of cooperation, which is the...... essence of alliance activity, relates to knowledge transfer from foreign to local alliance partners, and then to how large a proportion of that knowledge is subsequently diffused to other local firms. The results suggest that although alliance cooperation is positively associated with knowledge transfer...

  7. Trust, alliance management capability and the alliance management function: A comparative analysis of Portuguese SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Veloso, João Miguel Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Strategic alliances represent a key driver for internationalization and growth, being the purpose of this work project to better understand the intertwined relationship between trust and the existence of an alliance management position. Previous research supports the positive impact of such position in stock market returns. However, little attention has been given to the impact of such position on the level of trust in the collaborative arrangement, which is deemed to be a key driver for alli...

  8. Motives behind Strategic Alliance Formation among Medium-Sized Manufacturing Firms in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Research on strategic alliance motives has attracted a great attention as firms strive to become market leaders. One critical area is to assess the contribution of these motives to strategic alliance formation. Most studies on alliance motives concentrate on international strategic alliances that involve large or multinational corporations from developed economies. Little research has been done on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), particularly Medium-Sized Enterprises (MEs) from the manufa...

  9. IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN COMPANY’S ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena BARANOV

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Strategic alliance is an agreement between two or more organizations to cooperate in a specific business activity, so that each benefits from the strengths of the other, and gains competitive advantage. The formation of strategic alliances has been seen as a response to globalization and increasing uncertainty and complexity in the business environment. Strategic alliances involve the sharing of knowledge and expertise between partners as well as the reduction of risk and costs in areas such as relationships with suppliers and the development of new products and technologies. A strategic alliance is sometimes equated with a joint venture, but an alliance may involve competitors, and generally has a shorter life span. Strategic partnership is a closely related concept. This article analyzes definition of strategic alliance, its benefits, types, process of formation, and provides a few cases studies of strategic alliances. This paper tries to synthesize the scope and role of marketing functions in the determination of effectiveness of strategic alliances. Several propositions from a marketing viewpoint concerning the analysis of alliance process are formulated. On the basis of the propositions, a framework is developed for future research.

  10. Research on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises- Construction and Application of R&D Strategic Alliance%我国中小企业可持续发展研究--中小企业研发战略联盟的构建与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 张欣

    2005-01-01

    R&D strategic alliance is important for enterprises' sustainable development and it is a worth research for us.This paper firstly analyzes the condition and situation of the small and medium-sized enterprises' strategic alliance. Then it points out that the small and medium-sized enterprises should choose a suitable alliance organization, ally themselves with big enterprises, strive for the support of the government, and develop their technology through technology unions. Finally, it suggests that the government should create better innovation environment for R&D strategic alliance. A new way is also put forward for the application and foundation of the small and medium-sized enterprises' R&D strategic alliance in China. It is also helpful for the sustainable development of small and medium-sized enterprises.

  11. Anglo-Japanese Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Nish, Ian; Steeds, David; Hotta-Lister, Ayako

    2002-01-01

    Nish dealt with the diplomacy of Britain and Japan in the five months before the conclusion of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, arguing that it was not a 'natural alliance' but that there were pockets of opposition to it which had to be overcome. In the case of Japan, this was associated with the activities of Marquis Ito in Europe on which much new material was presented. In the case of Britain, the naval and military arguments in favour of closer relations with Japan eventually overcame those a...

  12. A Novel Cross-Disciplinary Multi-Institute Approach to Translational Cancer Research: Lessons Learned from Pennsylvania Cancer Alliance Bioinformatics Consortium (PCABC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashokkumar A. Patel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Pennsylvania Cancer Alliance Bioinformatics Consortium (PCABC, http://www.pcabc.upmc.edu is one of the first major project-based initiatives stemming from the Pennsylvania Cancer Alliance that was funded for four years by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The objective of this was to initiate a prototype biorepository and bioinformatics infrastructure with a robust data warehouse by developing a statewide data model (1 for bioinformatics and a repository of serum and tissue samples; (2 a data model for biomarker data storage; and (3 a public access website for disseminating research results and bioinformatics tools. The members of the Consortium cooperate closely, exploring the opportunity for sharing clinical, genomic and other bioinformatics data on patient samples in oncology, for the purpose of developing collaborative research programs across cancer research institutions in Pennsylvania. The Consortium’s intention was to establish a virtual repository of many clinical specimens residing in various centers across the state, in order to make them available for research. One of our primary goals was to facilitate the identification of cancer specific biomarkers and encourage collaborative research efforts among the participating centers.Methods: The PCABC has developed unique partnerships so that every region of the state can effectively contribute and participate. It includes over 80 individuals from 14 organizations, and plans to expand to partners outside the State. This has created a network of researchers, clinicians, bioinformaticians, cancer registrars, program directors, and executives from academic and community health systems, as well as external corporate partners - all working together to accomplish a common mission. The various sub-committees have developed a common IRB protocol template, common data elements for standardizing data collections for three organ sites, intellectual

  13. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2001 NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH ALLIANCE TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE HELD AT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY, UPTON, N.Y., APRIL 30 - MAY 1, 2001.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MCDONALD, R.J.

    2001-04-30

    BNL is proud to acknowledge all of our 2001 sponsors, with their help and support this has correctly become an oilheat industry conference. It is quite gratifying to see an industry come together to help support an activity like the technology conference, for the benefit of the industry as a whole and to celebrate the beginning of the National Oilheat Research Alliance. This meeting is the fourteenth oil heat industry technology conference to be held since 1984 and the first under a new name, NORA, the National Oilheat research Alliance, and the very first in the new century. The conference is a very important part of the effort in technology transfer, which is supported by the Oilheat Research Program. The Oilheat Research Program at BNL is under the newly assigned program management at the Office of Power Technology within the US DOE. The foremost reason for the conference is to provide a platform for the exchange of information and perspectives among international researchers, engineers, manufacturers, service technicians, and marketers of oil-fired space-conditioning equipment. The conference provides a conduit by which information and ideas can be exchanged to examine present technologies, as well as helping to develop the future course for oil heating advancement. These conferences also serve as a stage for unifying government representatives, researchers, fuel oil marketers, and other members of the oil-heat industry in addressing technology advancements in this important energy use sector. The specific objectives of the conference are to: (1) Identify and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and recommend new initiatives for higher efficiency, a cleaner environment, and to satisfy consumer needs cost-effectively, reliably, and safely; (2) Foster cooperative interactions among federal and industrial representatives for the common goal of sustained economic growth and energy security via energy conservation. Seventeen technical presentations will be made

  14. Alliance Formation and War Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Jack S. Levy

    1981-01-01

    The question of whether alliance formation contributes to peace or to war is analyzed for the modern Great Power system over the last 500 years. It is found that for none of the last five centuries has alliance formation been correlated (tau-b) with war involving the Great Powers, and has often been correlated with peace. Furthermore, disproportionately few wars have been preceded by alliance formation (compared to random probability models), suggesting that alliances are not among the more i...

  15. An Exploration of the Working Alliance in Mental Health Case Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondrat, David C.; Early, Theresa J.

    2010-01-01

    The working alliance between clients and helpers has been identified as a common factor of treatment effectiveness, yet very little research has explored variables associated with working alliance between mental health case managers and their consumers. This study explored the potential covariates of working alliance within community mental health…

  16. Patient's and Therapist's Views of Early Alliance Building in Dynamic Psychotherapy: Patterns and Relation to Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Ueli; de Roten, Yves; Beretta, Veronique; Michel, Luc; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    Patients and therapists have somewhat divergent perspectives of alliance. Usually in psychotherapy research, the focus is on the patient's view of alliance, predicting parts of outcome. This study questions this hypothesis by applying the shape-of-change procedure to patient's and therapist's view of alliance-building processes in dynamic…

  17. Science and Engineering Alliance: A new resource for the nation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and four major Historically Black Colleges and Universities with strong research and development capabilities in science, engineering and computer technology have formed the Science and Engineering Alliance. Located in California, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, each brings to the Alliance a tradition of research and development and educational excellence. This unique consortium is now available to perform research development and training to meet the needs of the public and private sectors. The Alliance was formed to help assure an adequate supply of top-quality minority scientists in the next century, while simultaneously meeting the research and development needs of the public and private sectors.

  18. Measures of Strategic Alliance Performance, Classified and Assessed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Jeppe; Plenborg, Thomas; Robson, Matthew J.

    2014-01-01

    Over the last three decades, strategic alliance performance has been an important research topic within the international business and management fields. Researchers have investigated a number of factors explaining performance but often find diverging results. Scholars have suggested that one...

  19. Product development alliances: factors influencing formation and success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Johanne Rønnow; Harmsen, Hanne; Friis, Alan

    2008-01-01

    alliance, with four partners and an interview survey, with 19 key informants in the Danish food industry. Findings - The nature of the differences between the developed framework for product development alliances in the food industry and theory on alliances in general, indeed seem to rest in the chosen...... specific context. Companies in the food industry are not forced by external conditions to enter into product development alliances. Therefore, compared to other industries, motivations have to be stronger or risks smaller for them to form such interorganisational relationships. However, once formed......, results indicate that success factors are rather universal across industries and types of alliances. Research limitations/implications - Further research should explore the findings further, both within the food industry context, as well as more broadly in terms of geography and industry. Practical...

  20. Alliance for Computational Science Collaboration: HBCU Partnership at Alabama A&M University Continuing High Performance Computing Research and Education at AAMU

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian, Xiaoqing; Deng, Z. T.

    2009-11-10

    This is the final report for the Department of Energy (DOE) project DE-FG02-06ER25746, entitled, "Continuing High Performance Computing Research and Education at AAMU". This three-year project was started in August 15, 2006, and it was ended in August 14, 2009. The objective of this project was to enhance high performance computing research and education capabilities at Alabama A&M University (AAMU), and to train African-American and other minority students and scientists in the computational science field for eventual employment with DOE. AAMU has successfully completed all the proposed research and educational tasks. Through the support of DOE, AAMU was able to provide opportunities to minority students through summer interns and DOE computational science scholarship program. In the past three years, AAMU (1). Supported three graduate research assistants in image processing for hypersonic shockwave control experiment and in computational science related area; (2). Recruited and provided full financial support for six AAMU undergraduate summer research interns to participate Research Alliance in Math and Science (RAMS) program at Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL); (3). Awarded highly competitive 30 DOE High Performance Computing Scholarships ($1500 each) to qualified top AAMU undergraduate students in science and engineering majors; (4). Improved high performance computing laboratory at AAMU with the addition of three high performance Linux workstations; (5). Conducted image analysis for electromagnetic shockwave control experiment and computation of shockwave interactions to verify the design and operation of AAMU-Supersonic wind tunnel. The high performance computing research and education activities at AAMU created great impact to minority students. As praised by Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) in 2009, ?The work on high performance computing that is funded by the Department of Energy provides scholarships to undergraduate students as

  1. Building capabilities to manage strategic alliances

    OpenAIRE

    SLUYTS, Kim; Matthyssens, Paul; Martens, Rudy; Streukens, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    Recently, academics have attributed a large part of alliance success to a firm's ability to successfully manage its alliances, also called its level of alliance management capability. We contribute to this growing body of literature by (1) verifying the impact of alliance management capability on alliance performance and (2) analyzing the drivers of alliance management capability. We measure this capability through four types of alliance learning processes and study how each of these processe...

  2. Northeast Waste Management Alliance (NEWMA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Funding was provided to Brookhaven National Laboratory in the fourth quarter of FY93 to establish a regional alliance as defined by Dr. Clyde Frank during his visit to BNL on March 7, 1993. In collaboration with the Long Island Research Institute (LIRI), BNL developed a business plan for the Northeast Waste Management Alliance (NEWMA). Concurrently, informal discussions were initiated with representatives of the waste management industry, and meetings were held with local and state regulatory and governmental personnel to obtain their enthusiasm and involvement. A subcontract to LIRI was written to enable it to formalize interactions with companies offering new waste management technologies selected for their dual value to the DOE and local governments in the Northeast. LIRI was founded to develop and coordinate economic growth via introduction of new technologies. As a not-for-profit institution it is in an ideal position to manage the development of NEWMA through ready access to venture capital and strong interactions with the business community, universities, and BNL. Another subcontract was written with a professor at SUNY/Stony Brook to perform an evaluation of new pyrolitic processes, some of which may be appropriate for development by NEWMA. Independent endorsement of the business plan recently by another organization, GETF, with broad knowledge of DOE/EM-50 objectives, provides a further incentive for moving rapidly to implement the NEWMA strategy. This report describes progress made during the last quarter of FY93

  3. NASA Museum Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohus, Anita

    2006-12-01

    NASA’s Museum Alliance is a nationwide network of informal educators at museums, science centers, and planetariums that present NASA information to their local audiences. Begun in 2002 as the Mars Museum Visualization Alliance with advisors from a dozen museums, the network has grown to over 300 people from 200 organizations, including a dozen or so international partners. The network has become a community of practice among these informal educators who work with students, educators, and the general public on a daily basis, presenting information and fielding questions about space exploration. Communications are primarily through an active listserve, regular telecons, and a password-protected website. Professional development is delivered via telecons and downloadable presentations. Current content offerings include Mars exploration, Cassini, Stardust, Genesis, Deep Impact, Earth observations, STEREO, and missions to explore beyond our solar system.

  4. Velvet Creative Alliance

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Niine t. 11 asuva disainibüroo Velvet Creative Alliance sisekujundus, mille eest sisearhitekt Taavi Aunre (Boom) pälvis Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2006. a. büroointerjööri preemia. Osa mööblist on valmistatud T. Aunre jooniste järgi. Graafilise disaini osa kavandas disainibüroo ise. T. Aunrest, tema tähtsamad tööd. Plaan, 9 värv. vaadet, foto T. Aunrest

  5. NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer - Tutorials and Seminar Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    View details about tutorials and seminars hosted by Alliance members and members of the cancer research community. These events provide a forum for sharing innovative perspectives on research and development efforts in the field of nanotechnology and their application to cancer diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Also visit the Event Listing section to find scientific meetings and events where NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer leaders and members are participating.

  6. Clinicians’ Attitudes Toward Therapeutic Alliance in ETherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Madalina, Sucala; Julie B., Schnur; Emily H., Brackman; Michael J., Constantino; Guy H., Montgomery

    2013-01-01

    Although therapeutic alliance is a crucial factor in face-to-face therapies, no data exist on clinicians’ attitudes towards alliance in E-therapy. The study explored clinicians’ perceived importance of alliance in E-therapy, clinicians’ confidence in their skills to develop alliance in E-therapy, and whether attitudes towards alliance in E-therapy are associated with intended E-therapy practice. Clinicians (n=106) responded to an online survey. The majority of clinicians considered alliance t...

  7. How Do Airlines Perceive That Strategic Alliances Affect Their Individual Branding?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalligiannis, Konstantinos; Iatrou, Kostas; Mason, Keith

    2006-01-01

    Much research has been carried out to evaluate the impact of strategic alliance membership on the performance of airlines. However it would be of interest to identify how airlines perceive this impact in terms of branding by each of the three global alliance groupings. It is the purpose of this paper to gather the opinion of airlines, belonging to the three strategic alliance groups, on the impact that the strategic alliance brands have had on their individual brands and how do they perceive that this impact will change in the future. To achieve this, a comprehensive survey of the alliance management and marketing departments of airlines participating in the three global strategic alliances was required. The results from this survey give an indication whether the strategic airline alliances, which are often referred to as marketing agreements, enhance, damage or have no impact on the individual airline brands.

  8. Alliances: Their advantages and pitfalls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contract alliances between operators and service companies, contractors, and suppliers in the drilling and production industry have helped cut costs and improve operational efficiency, but there are pitfalls to be aware of. Operators and service companies tend to form alliances for long-term pricing or efficiency gains rather than for continuous quality improvement or as a technology sharing agreements. A survey was sent to a total of 200 operators, contractors, and service companies to help identify the advantages nd pitfalls with current alliance strategies in the US petroleum industry. This article is the first of a two-part series on petroleum industry alliances. the second part, which will appear in an upcoming issue, covers the results of the alliance survey in detail

  9. Strategic alliances and market risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havenaar, Matthias; Hiscocks, Peter

    2012-08-01

    Strategic alliances in product development and marketing are crucial to the biotechnology industry. Many alliances, however, are terminated before the drug reaches the market. In this article we make the case that strategic alliances can fail because of how they are negotiated. Alliance contracts are often inflexible and do not allow for changes in market conditions. We propose a model for contract valuation that can assist biotech and/or pharma deal makers in negotiating alliances that have a higher chance of survival in uncertain market conditions. The model makes use of variable royalties and milestone payments. Because licensing is key to the biotech and/or pharma business model this article will be of interest not only to professionals in licensing, but to all professionals active in the industry. PMID:22484547

  10. PPP模式推进共性技术研发创新平台建设研究%Research on the use of the PPP Model to Promote Generic technology Innovation Alliances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱健; 王蓓

    2015-01-01

    共性技术作为“竞争前阶段”的技术,具有准公共品的性质,其研发过程中的市场失灵与组织失灵,决定了政府在消除产业共性技术供给失灵的重要性以及合作研发方式的特殊性。为消除双重失灵现象,这种以公共利益为基础,由政府、企业、科研院所共同合作而成立的共性技术联盟(或平台),又天然地形成了PPP项目中的特殊目的载体(SPV),因此,可以认为运用PPP模式推进产业共性技术研发平台(联盟)建设具有天然的内生机制。同时,国外共性技术研发创新联盟的实践经验表明,运用PPP模式推进共性技术研发创新联盟建设,建立政府和企业双主体投资合作机制,可以有效缓解产业共性技术的双重失灵现象。%As "pre-competitive stage" technology, generic technology has the nature of quasi-public goods. Its organizational failure and market failure in R&D process determine the importance of government on eliminating industrial generic technology in supply failure and the particularity on cooperative R&D approach. Based on public interest, the generic technology research alliance (or platform), which established by the government, enterprises, research institutes for eliminating the phenomenon of double failure, naturally form the special purpose vehicle (SPV) in a PPP project. Therefore, it is considered that the use of the PPP model to promote industrial generic technology alliance (or platform) building a natural endogenous mechanisms. Meanwhile, the experience of foreign generic technology research and innovation alliance shows that the use of the PPP model to promote common technology innovation alliances, establishing double body investment cooperation mechanisms between government and business, can effectively alleviate the double failure phenomenon of industrial generic technology.

  11. Required Steps of Managing International Equity Placement Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Harimukti Wandebori; Erik Joost de Bruijn; Harm-Jan Steenhuis

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the research is to unravel the steps of managing international equity placement strategic alliance (IEPSA). The steps of managing an IEPSA are obtained by conducting theoretical review. The theoretical reviews consist of theory of strategic alliance; definition, classification, and finding definition of an IEPSA, political and analytical considerations and the necessary steps. These steps of managing IEPSA can be classified into analyzing of macro consideration, micro considera...

  12. Therapeutic alliance and outcomes in usual care child psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Accurso, Erin Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    Therapeutic alliance may be an important predictor of mental health outcomes for children and their families, but the research literature in this area is limited. This study examined the extent to which child and caregiver alliance are associated with therapeutic outcomes in a sample of 209 children (ages 4-13) with disruptive behavior problems and their caregivers who received usual care services in community mental health clinics. Children, therapists, and observers rated child-therapist al...

  13. The Association Between Patient Characteristics and the Therapeutic Alliance in Cognitive-Behavioral and Interpersonal Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantino, Michael J.; Arnow, Bruce A.; Blasey, Christine; Agras, W. Stewart

    2005-01-01

    The therapeutic alliance is an established predictor of psychotherapy outcome. However, alliance research in the treatment of eating disorders has been scant, with even less attention paid to correlates of alliance development. The goal of this study was to examine the relation between specific patient characteristics and the development of the…

  14. Development and Validation of a 6-item Working Alliance Questionnaire for Repeated Administrations During Psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Falkenström, Fredrik; Hatcher, Robert L.; Skjulsvik, Tommy; Holmqvist Larsson, Mattias; Holmqvist, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Recently, researchers have started to measure the working alliance repeatedly across sessions of psychotherapy, relating the working alliance to symptom change session by session. Responding to questionnaires after each session can become tedious, leading to careless responses and/or increasing levels of missing data. Therefore, assessment with the briefest possible instrument is desirable. Because previous research on the Working Alliance Inventory has found the separation of the Goal and Ta...

  15. Consumer Attitudes Toward Cross-Border Brand Alliances: Adding A Consideration Of Country Of Origin Fit

    OpenAIRE

    Carter, Jr., Larry Lee

    2002-01-01

    This research examines the growing phenomenon of cross-border brand alliances and the potential factors that influence consumersâ attitudes toward these alliances. Building on an existing framework, it establishes country of origin fit as a new variable that influences consumer attitudes toward brand alliances and examines its relationship with brand fit under various conditions of brand familiarity. The results of two studies replicate previous research findings and demonstrate a new rel...

  16. Current Research Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home > Explore CCFA Research > Current Research Studies Current Research Studies Email Print + Share The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation ... online. Learn more about CCFA Partners. CCFA Clinical Research Alliance The Clinical Research Alliance is a network ...

  17. Caracterization of the process of forming strategic alliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Mattana

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The union between companies has represented an increase in their competitive capabilities. The strategic alliances have been shown as alternatives for the adequacy of the conduct and organizational framework of the companies toward the market and the world economic juncture. Nevertheless, researches demonstrate that a good number of enterprises of this nature fail. In this sense, this study aimed at characterizing the formation and sustentation of a strategic alliance which has already been formed for 26 years and, thus, verifying the main foundations which are responsible for the maintenance of the union health. The unity of analysis was the alliance between companies as FEMSA and CVI Indústria de Refrigerantes Ltda. Through the method of case study, using the qualitative technique with the aim of describing the case in study, four managers and one collaborator, all of them linked to the alliance, were interviewed. The research allowed establishing that the main foundations of sustaining the alliance in study are in the individual abilities of the partnerships, in the synergy among individual strategies and in the feeling of mutual confidence which exists. Moreover, it was found out that, in the moments of crisis, the major factor responsible for the maintenance of the business is the determination of the upper management on keeping a climate of enthusiasm between the participants of the strategic alliance.

  18. An International Framework for Data Sharing: Moving Forward with the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimzadeh, Vasiliki; Dyke, Stephanie O M; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2016-06-01

    The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health is marshaling expertise in biomedical research and data sharing policy to propel bench-to-bedside translation of genomics in parallel with many of the BioSHaRE-EU initiatives described at length in this Issue. Worldwide representation of institutions, funders, researchers, and patient advocacy groups at the Global Alliance is testament to a shared ideal that sees maximizing the public good as a chief priority of genomic innovation in health. The Global Alliance has made a critical stride in this regard with the development of its Framework for Responsible Sharing of Genomic and Health-related Data.(1) This article first discusses the human rights pillars that underlie the Framework and mission of the Global Alliance. Second, it outlines the Global Alliance's use of data governance policies through a number of demonstration projects. Finally, the authors describe how the Global Alliance envisions international data sharing moving forward in the postgenomic era. PMID:27082668

  19. 产学研技术联盟的动力及运行机制研究%The Research of the Motive Power and Operational Mechanism on the Industry-University-Research Technology Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹德玲

    2011-01-01

    全球经济一体化进程的加快发展,不断地缩短技术研发的周期,使技术创新成为企业发展和竞争力提高的动力与源泉。但是,由于企业所掌握的智力资源是有限的,所以借助高校与科研院所的研究力量进行技术创新,就成为企业实现其战略目标的重要手段。而联盟以其特有的优势,成为企业同高校、科研院所进行合作的首选方式。产学研合作已经成为知识转换成效益的最有效途径,同时亦是技术创新、经济发展的必然要求。%The development of global economic integration,shortens the research and development cycle of technology, and makes technological innovation become the power source to the enterprise development and competitiveness.However, because of the limitation of intelligence resources,it has become an important technical innovation means for enterprises to take advantage of the strength of the university and research.The alliance with its unique advantages has become the preferred method of cooperation between universities,research institutes and companies.The industry-university-research cooperation(IUR) has become the most effective way of the knowledge change into the benefit,and also the necessary requirement for technical innovation and economic development.

  20. Geoscience Alliance--A National Alliance for Broadening Participation of Native Americans in the Geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbotten, D. M.; Pellerin, H.; Greensky, L.; Burger, A.

    2009-12-01

    The continuing underrepresentation of Native Americans in the geosciences can only mean that native voices go unheard in setting research agendas and priorities. This is particularly significant where issues such as global climate change impact the land and livelihood of Native American communities. This talk will outline progress towards a Geoscience Alliance, with participation by faculty from tribal colleges, universities, and research centers; native elders and community members; students (K12, undergraduate, and graduate); formal and informal educators; and other interested individuals. Our focus will be on defining goals for this alliance, i.e., new research in Geoscience education, defining best practices, inclusion of Native voices in Geoscience research, the potential for new collaborations, and promotion of opportunities for Native students and communities.

  1. Required Steps of Managing International Equity Placement Strategic Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harimukti Wandebori

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to unravel the steps of managing international equity placement strategic alliance (IEPSA. The steps of managing an IEPSA are obtained by conducting theoretical review. The theoretical reviews consist of theory of strategic alliance; definition, classification, and finding definition of an IEPSA, political and analytical considerations and the necessary steps. These steps of managing IEPSA can be classified into analyzing of macro consideration, micro consideration, domestic company’s stakeholder support, cultural understanding, strategic planning, internal support, human resource management, organizational arrangement, management control system, evolved cultural understanding, and evaluating results. In this research, the domestic partners who formed the IEPSAs are limited to State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs. The IEPSA was one of the means of privatization. The research will be beneficial for both foreign and domestic partners who form an IEPSA in the previous SOEs. By knowing the steps of managing the IEPSA both partners will be able to secure a successful implementation of IEPSA. By identifying the steps of managing the IEPSA, the stakeholder will not see IEPSA as threat rather as an opportunity to improve performance, to create synergy, and generate benefits for both partners and stakeholder. By knowing the necessary steps of managing the IEPSA, the stakeholder including society and politician will envisage the IEPSA as a means of effectively improving the SOEs’ performances.The research was espected to provide contributions for the research on strategic alliances. Apparently, there exist no literatures discussing about IEPSA in the domain of strategic alliances. Keywords: strategic alliance, equity placement, international equity placement strategic alliance, privatization, steps of international equity placement strategic alliance, state-owned enterprises

  2. 基于知识交互作用的产业技术联盟与创新绩效关系研究%The research on the relationship between knowledge interaction and innovation performance in industrial technology alliances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连建新; 余迎新; 孟祥生; 胡宝民

    2012-01-01

    针对产业技术联盟与企业创新绩效的关系展开研究,通过对联盟内产业技术的差异性分析,确定把影响联盟内企业创新绩效的知识交互作用模式作为研究重点,以知识交互作用为关键变量,建立企业在不同情形下的技术创新绩效函数模型.该研究为产业技术联盟成员确定最佳动态竞争合作关系提供决策支持.%The paper researches the relationship between knowledge interaction and innovation performance in industrial technology alliances. It analyses the differences of industrial technology and innovation, focuses on the model of knowledge interaction impacting on innovation performance within Union's firms, knowledge interaction as key variables, establishes technical innovation performance function model in different circumstances combined with market demand, investments in innovation and cost of production. It provides decision support for technology alliance members determining the best dynamic cooperative relations.

  3. Strategic fit and the role of contractual and procedural governance in alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2008-01-01

    This paper focuses specifically on interfirm strategic collaboration as a vehicle for knowledge management across firm boundaries. Drawing on the widely accepted exploitation/exploration dichotomy, this article contributes to research concerning alliance dynamics by combining elements related to alliance formation, negotiation and outcomes. By integrating the exploitation/exploration arguments into a set of knowledge-related strategic motives for alliance formation, the main arguments focus o...

  4. Organizational Identity and Interorganizational Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Emily Wu

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines the relationship between organizational identity and the formation and performance implications of interorganizational alliances. The first study investigates the effect of an organization's identity on its initial alliance portfolio formation, addressing how becoming comprehensible through organizational identity is a fundamental step in order for a new organization to be accepted by the market. Through different categorizations, some new organizations will be more...

  5. The Alliance Negotiation Scale: A psychometric investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doran, Jennifer M; Safran, Jeremy D; Muran, J Christopher

    2016-08-01

    This study investigates the utility and psychometric properties of a new measure of psychotherapy process, the Alliance Negotiation Scale (ANS; Doran, Safran, Waizmann, Bolger, & Muran, 2012). The ANS was designed to operationalize the theoretical construct of negotiation (Safran & Muran, 2000), and to extend our current understanding of the working alliance concept (Bordin, 1979). The ANS was also intended to improve upon existing measures such as the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI; Horvath & Greenberg, 1986, 1989) and its short form (WAI-S; Tracey & Kokotovic, 1989) by expanding the emphasis on negative therapy process. The present study investigates the psychometric validity of the ANS test scores and interpretation-including confirming its original factor structure and evaluating its internal consistency and construct validity. Construct validity was examined through the ANS' convergence and divergence with several existing scales that measure theoretically related constructs. The results bolster and extend previous findings about the psychometric integrity of the ANS, and begin to illuminate the relationship between negotiation and other important variables in psychotherapy research. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26460895

  6. The winning alliance

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    The ICTR-PHE 2012 conference, which closed its doors today after five busy days, sealed the alliance between the physics and medical communities. We have come a long way since 1977, when physicist David Townsend took the first PET images of a small mouse. Today, physicists are developing new detector techniques that medical doctors can transfer to the clinic in fields that are no longer confined to cancer treatment. Several powerful and innovative solutions for better healthcare are on their way.   An overwhelming number of proposals for improving virtually all aspects of cancer treatment was presented at the ICTR-PHE 2012: from new detectors and read-out solutions for implementation in the next generation of imaging instrumentation to accelerator-based facilities for the production of new isotopes for use both as radio-tracers and as drugs. And this is not all, because the issues that were discussed at the joint conference also included new uses of enhanced PET-CT imaging for cardiovascular...

  7. Southern Impact Testing Alliance (SITA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbs, Whitney; Roebuck, Brian; Zwiener, Mark; Wells, Brian

    2009-01-01

    Efforts to form this Alliance began in 2008 to showcase the impact testing capabilities within the southern United States. Impact testing customers can utilize SITA partner capabilities to provide supporting data during all program phases-materials/component/ flight hardware design, development, and qualification. This approach would allow programs to reduce risk by providing low cost testing during early development to flush out possible problems before moving on to larger scale1 higher cost testing. Various SITA partners would participate in impact testing depending on program phase-materials characterization, component/subsystem characterization, full-scale system testing for qualification. SITA partners would collaborate with the customer to develop an integrated test approach during early program phases. Modeling and analysis validation can start with small-scale testing to ensure a level of confidence for the next step large or full-scale conclusive test shots. Impact Testing Facility (ITF) was established and began its research in spacecraft debris shielding in the early 1960's and played a malor role in the International Space Station debris shield development. As a result of return to flight testing after the loss of STS-107 (Columbia) MSFC ITF realized the need to expand their capabilities beyond meteoroid and space debris impact testing. MSFC partnered with the Department of Defense and academic institutions as collaborative efforts to gain and share knowledge that would benefit the Space Agency as well as the DoD. MSFC ITF current capabilities include: Hypervelocity impact testing, ballistic impact testing, and environmental impact testing.

  8. Risk Control in Business Strategic Alliances of SMEs : A Case Study of SMEs in Zhejiang Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhai, Shengwei; Long, Yang

    2010-01-01

    The primary objective of this research is to determine how SMEs control the risk involved in business strategic alliances. The research question is: How should performance risk and relationship risk within the strategic alliances of SMEs be controlled? Subsequently, we applied qualitative research methods to collect data for this research; further, our research design included a case study of the SMEs in Zhejiang, China.

  9. The Alliance Performance and Stability of “A Company+Farmers”: From the Perspective of Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Wen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to explain how "A Company+Farmers" to use channel power to stabilize their alliance under the situation of asymmetric power. From the starting point of alliance performance, based on resource dependence theory and social exchange theory, this study builds an empirical model involving the relationships among channel power, relationship quality, alliance performance and alliance stability. The companies in the farming contracts are surveyed to test the model. The results show that alliance performance promotes stability, which makes up for the lack of empirical study on the relationship between stability and performance of an alliance. Relationship quality promotes alliance performance, which means that trust and relationship commitment are positively related to income increase or cost reduction and different power uses have different influences on relationship quality. These findings can be references for agricultural industrialization development in China.

  10. Your alliances are too stable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, David; Bamford, James

    2005-06-01

    A 2004 McKinsey survey of more than 30 companies reveals that at least 70% of them have major alliances that are underperforming and in need of restructuring. Moreover, JVs that broaden or otherwise adjust their scope have a 79% success rate, versus 33% for ventures that remain essentially unchanged. Yet most firms don't routinely evaluate the need to overhaul their alliances or intervene to correct performance problems. That means corporations are missing huge opportunities: By revamping just one large alliance, a company can generate 100 million dololars to 300 million dollars in extra income a year. Here's how to unlock more value from alliances: (1) Launch the process. Don't wait until your venture is in the middle of a crisis; regularly scan your major alliances to determine which need restructuring. Once you've targeted one, designate a restructuring team and find a senior sponsor to push the process along. Then delineate the scope of the team's work. (2) Diagnose performance. Evaluate the venture on the following performance dimensions: ownership and financials, strategy, operations, governance, and organization and talent. Identify the root causes of the venture's problems, not just the symptoms, and estimate how much each problem is costing the company. (3) Generate restructuring options. Based on the diagnosis, decide whether to fix, grow, or exit the alliance. Assuming the answer is fix or grow, determine whether fundamental or incremental changes are needed, using the five performance dimensions above as a framework. Then assemble three or four packages of restructuring options, test them with shareholders, and gain parents' approval. (4) Execute the changes. Embark on a widespread and consistent communication effort, building support among executives in the JV and the parent companies. So the process stays on track, assign accountability to certain groups or individuals. PMID:15938444

  11. Alliance portfolios and innovation performance: Connecting structural and managerial perspectives.

    OpenAIRE

    Faems, Dries; Janssens, Maddy; Neyens, Inge

    2012-01-01

    Whereas existing alliance portfolio studies mainly focus on the structure or management of alliance portfolios, we conceptually explore the connections between them. In particular, we formulate propositions, arguing that the formalization, centralization, and customization of alliance portfolio management moderate the relationship between the structural characteristics of alliance portfolios (i.e., alliance portfolio size and alliance portfolio heterogeneity) and innovation performance. Based...

  12. Strategic alliances : Alliance contracting and trust in an evolutionary perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alders, Ben; Berendsen, Gerard; Pieters, Ineke

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we will identify the contract dimensions of alliance contracts directed at joint development of new products or services. We will determine to what extent these contract dimensions are adaptable to future needs and insights. We will also provide insight into the contingency of these ad

  13. 开放创新联盟IT价值共创实证研究%Research on Cocreating IT Value in Open Innovation Alliances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李力; 孙璐; 王加阳

    2015-01-01

    As market environment increasingly networked and openness, Open Innovation Alliances (OIAs) have been a new open and collaborative paradigm. OIAs is a IT-based alliance and takes cocreating IT value as va-lue-driver. The nature of OIAs is increasing market demand and promoting industry competition advantage by co-creating IT value. Thus, it is important to understand the potential value in cocreating IT value. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to empirical test to economic and strategic value of cocreating IT value in OIAs, ex-plores essences of cocreating IT Value and cocreating IT value in OIAs. We use the method of event study and takes abnormal return as proxy variables of market value. This paper respectively examines stock return of new members of OIAs, existing members of OIAs, and the rival firms in event window. The empirical result as fol-low: The market value of new members of OIAs, existing members of OIAs, and the peer rival firms are collec-tively improved significantly in event window. Yet, the market value of incumbent rival is not increased signifi-cantly in event window. The empirical evidence from China's stock market indicates: (1) The firm which partici-pate in an IT-based OIA would increase return and improve market value; (2) The members of an OIA would ac-quire complementary resources/capabilities and promote market value when the leader firm participate in the OIA;(3) The peer rivals would improve market return as knowledge spillover of OIAs; (4) Compared with the peer ri-vals, the incumbent rivals would not been affected by announcements of OIAs. That is, market return of incum-bent rivals would not increase as announcements of OIAs. Finally, it concludes that market has a positive re-sponse to jointly develop and management IT in multi-firms open and collaborative environment, cocreating IT va-lue in OIAs has economic and strategic value.%开放创新联盟是基于信息技术、以IT价值共创为价值驱动力的开放协作

  14. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2003 NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH ALLIANCE TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM, HELD AT THE 2003 NEW ENGLAND FUEL INSTITUTE CONVENTION AND 30TH NORTH AMERICAN HEATING AND ENERGY EXPOSITION, HYNES CONVENTION CENTER, PRUDENTIAL CENTER, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, JUNE 9 - 10, 2003.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MCDONALD,R.J.

    2003-06-09

    This meeting is the sixteenth oilheat industry technology meeting held since 1984 and the third since the National Oilheat Research Alliance (NORA) was formed. This year's symposium is a very important part of the effort in technology transfer, which is supported by the Oilheat Research Fuel Flexibility Program under the United States Department of Energy, Distributed Energy and Electricity Reliability Program (DEER). The foremost reason for the conference is to provide a platform for the exchange of information and perspectives among international researchers, engineers, manufacturers, service technicians, and marketers of oil-fired space-conditioning equipment. The conference provides a conduit by which information and ideas can be exchanged to examine present technologies, as well as helping to develop the future course for oil heating advancement. These conferences also serve as a stage for unifying government representatives, researchers, fuel oil marketers, and other members of the oil-heat industry in addressing technology advancements in this important energy use sector. The specific objectives of the conference are to: (1) Identify and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and recommend new initiatives for higher efficiency, a cleaner environment, and to satisfy consumer needs cost effectively, reliably, and safely; (2) Foster cooperative interactions among federal and industrial representatives for the common goal of sustained economic growth and energy security via energy conservation.

  15. Analysis on stability of strategic alliance: A game theory perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fei-qiong; FAN Liang-cong

    2006-01-01

    Strategic alliance has suffered much instabilities since its first implementation. Scholars have carried out many embedded, precise and comprehensive researches from both theory and empiricism. Here we try to find certain stable solutions by employing game theory, in an attempt to construct theoretical bases for strategic alliance, which people called "one of the most important organizational innovation in the end of the 20th century" (Shi, 2001), to exploit its advantages in the process of globalization. Finally, this article puts forward some advices for its success.

  16. Information Technology and Telecommunications: Impacts on Strategic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张延峰; 刘益; 李垣

    2002-01-01

    Strategic alliance (SA) is an important way with which the enterprise can grow up. However, the development of information technology and telecommunications (IT&Ts) has vital impacts on the theory and practice of SA management. This paper analyzes these impacts from four respects: the management thinking, forming, inter-organizational interaction, information exchange and knowledge transferring of SA. We point out the new characteristics of SA management in the information age and then put forward corresponding countermeasures on the basic of analyzing current alliance management theory and issue. Finally we discuss some issues that would be researched further in the future.

  17. Managing R&D Alliance Portfolios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engel Nielsen, Lars; Mahnke, Volker

    2003-01-01

    Many companies in high technology fields engage with alliance partners to reduce risks, create synergies and learn. While the challenges of managing individual alliances are well documented, little is known on how to manage several R&D alliances simultaneously. Multiple alliance strategies can be...... observed in several companies engaged in the cross section of telecommunication and mobile technology where increased complexity magnifies managerial challenges. Drawing on modern portfolio theory, this paper offers a model for managing portfolios of R&D alliances. In particular, an analysis of a...

  18. DETERMINING INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIC ALLIANCE PER-FORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2002-01-01

    This paper considers the relationship between subjective measures of international al-liance performance and a set of variables, which may act as predictors of success before the alliance is formed (pre-alliance formation factors), and a set of variables which emerge during the operation of the alliance (post-alliance formation factors). The empiri-cal study, based on a web-survey, investigates a sample of Danish partner firms engaged in 48 equity joint ventures and 70 non-equity joint ventur...

  19. Performance of Project Alliancing in Australasia: a Digest of Infrastructure Development from 2008 to 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek Henry Thomas Walker

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Project and program alliances have been an accepted form of project procurement for public infrastructure engineering projects in Australia and New Zealand (Australasia. Alliancing often provides best value and superior value for money when compared to traditional approaches such as Design and Construct, however considerable debate continues about its success and applicability. This paper reports on three studies of completed construction project alliance performance in 2008, 2010 and 2012. Consolidated findings are presented on 61 project alliances, data is analysed and emerging trends discussed. Recent government policy changes in Australia at Federal and State level have led to a decline in the number of project alliances, however, while the volume of alliance activity is declining it still represents billions of dollars of infrastructure construction work being undertaken. Results also revealed that communication and trust between the executive leadership and operational management teams was a major factor contributing to the functioning of the alliance. Furthermore, the research identifies several key factors that were necessary preconditions for successful alliances. Paper Type: Research article

  20. Strategic alliances in engineering, technology and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of strategic alliances in the development of heavy oil resources, both mineable and in-situ, is discussed. A strategic alliance is defined as a custom designed, long term collaborative working arrangement between two parties to pool, exchange, and integrate their resources to maximize mutual gain. A combination of one or more of the following success factors is seen as contributing to the unlocking of static heavy oil resources: sufficiently high and sustained crude oil prices; strategic intent to pursue heavy oil development regardless of short-term setbacks or economic downturns; technology breakthroughs that can reduce bitumen supply and upgrading costs; and strategic alliances. An idealized model for strategic alliances designed to help develop heavy oil resources is illustrated. The advantages and pitfalls involved in strategic alliances are listed along with the characteristics of viable contract agreements for such alliances. Some examples of strategic alliances in engineering and technology development are presented from Alberta experience. 2 figs., 1 tab

  1. Therapeutic alliance in Enhanced Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for bulimia nervosa: probably necessary but definitely insufficient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raykos, Bronwyn C; McEvoy, Peter M; Erceg-Hurn, David; Byrne, Susan M; Fursland, Anthea; Nathan, Paula

    2014-06-01

    The present paper assessed therapeutic alliance over the course of Enhanced Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT-E) in a community-based sample of 112 patients with a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa (BN) or atypical BN. Temporal assessment of alliance was conducted at three time points (the start, middle and end of treatment) and the relationship between alliance and treatment retention and outcome was explored. Results indicated that the alliance between patient and therapist was strong at all stages of CBT-E, and even improved in the early stages of treatment when behaviour change was initiated (weekly in-session weighing, establishing regular eating, and ceasing binge-eating and compensatory behaviours). The present study found no evidence that alliance was related to treatment retention or outcomes, or that symptom severity or problematic interpersonal styles interacted with alliance to influence outcomes. Alliance was also unrelated to baseline emotional or interpersonal difficulties. The study provides no evidence that alliance has clinical utility for the prediction of treatment retention or outcome in CBT-E for BN, even for individuals with severe symptoms or problematic interpersonal styles. Early symptom change was the best predictor of outcome in CBT-E. Further research is needed to determine whether these results are generalizable to patients with anorexia nervosa. PMID:24841726

  2. PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THE WORKING ALLIANCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY TRAINEES: AN ORGANIZING ROLE FORTHE FIVE FACTOR MODEL?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Benjamin P; Talbot, Nancy; Tatman, Anthony W; Brition, Peter C

    2009-05-01

    Ackerman and Hilsenroth (2001, 2003) suggested that therapist personality may be meaningfully associated with the psychotherapy working alliance. We extended this line of research by examining the association between Five Factor Model (Costa & McCrae, 1997b) personality traits Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness, and ratings of the working alliance made by clients and psychotherapy trainees. Higher trainee Neuroticism was associated with better client ratings of the alliance, but with worse trainee ratings of the alliance. Higher trainee Openness was associated with lower client ratings of the alliance, and higher trainee Agreeableness with lower trainee ratings of the alliance. Because levels of Neuroticism were low and levels of Openness high among therapist trainees, the results suggest that average rather than low Neuroticism, and average rather than high Openness facilitate better client perceptions of the alliance. Implications are discussed in terms of monitoring and training therapists who evidence these dispositions, in order to assist them in developing maximally effective alliances with clients. PMID:24163497

  3. Can Market-Based Contracts Substitute for Alliances in High Technology Markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Markus Nordberg; Alexandra J Campbell; Alain Verbeke

    1996-01-01

    Most current research on technology alliances assumes that trading partners are free to select an optimal governance structure. However, for international scientific research centers working with advanced technologies, the choices for industrial collaboration are often limited to short-term contracts. This research investigates whether in high technology settings, such short-term contracts can substitute for longer-term cooperative alliances. While the short-term transaction costs are high, t...

  4. Co-Marketing Alliances in Events Industry - Case IIR Finland Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Mäkelä, Anniina

    2010-01-01

    Objective of the Study The objective of this study was to investigate co-marketing alliances in the form of event sponsorship. The motivation for this study came from the industry practitioners, and there was also a research gap in existing literature. This study was to shed light into a main research problem that deals with the motivation and performance of co-marketing alliance in management education industry. Research Method This thesis represents a single case study that emp...

  5. Defining the TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ALLIANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlbom, Gabriella; Åman, Anna

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this project was to define the Technology Transfer Alliance (TTA), a nonprofit organization for Higher Education Institutions supporting capacity building in ICT and renewable energy through a project-driven learning. TTA is today still only an idea, waiting to be launched, which is why the goals for this bachelor thesis are to establish partnerships with institutions that will support the reaching of the goals of TTA, as well as providing a more solid definition of the functions o...

  6. Physician equity alliances: attractive alternatives to PHOs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, D

    1997-04-01

    Physician equity alliances are becoming attractive alternatives to PHOs as integrative models for partnering with physicians, securing managed care contracts and increasing revenue. Unlike many PHOs, these alliances provide mechanisms for asset integration and long-term relationships along with utilization management, sophisticated information systems, access to capital and opportunities for physicians to integrate clinically. There are six major types of physician equity alliances: majority physician-owned, clinic without walls, health system joint venture, publicly held physician practice management company, specialty network, and venture capital. The type of alliance that a physician group practice ultimately develops depends on vision, values, method of capitalization, initial organizer of the alliance, level of involvement of physicians in business issues, corporate structure desired, and characteristics of the managed care market in which the alliance will operate. PMID:10166285

  7. Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchang

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchange (GATE), Technology Transfer and Partnership Office (TTP), and Research & Development (R&D) 100 Award Winners

  8. Strategie Aspects of Fighting in Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Konrad, Kai A.

    2011-01-01

    This paper surveys some of the strategic aspects that emerge if players fight in an alliance against an enemy. The survey includes the free-rider problem and the hold-up problem that emerges in the baseline model, the role of super-modularity in alliance members' effort contributions, the role of budget constraints, the role of information transfer inside the alliance, and the role of in-group favoritism.

  9. A Theory of Inernational Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Z. Chen

    1999-01-01

    As an alternative to exporting, a firm can enter a foreign market by forging a strategic alliance with its foreign counterparts. The alliance, in the form of a bilateral supply and distribution agreement, eliminates trasportation costs and duplications in product distribution networks. Furthermore, even though it does not involve equity sharing and firms continue to compete against each other, strategic alliance tends to lessen competition in the sens that it leads to smaller outputs and high...

  10. Strategic aspects of fighting in alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Konrad, Kai A.

    2011-01-01

    This paper surveys some of the strategic aspects that emerge if players fight in an alliance against an enemy. The survey includes the free-rider problem and the hold-up problem that emerges in the baseline model, the role of supermodularity in alliance members' effort contributions, the role of budget constraints, the role of information transfer inside the alliance, and the role of in-group favoritism. (author's abstract)

  11. Terra Nova breaks new ground for alliances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the development of alliances to help develop the Terra Nova oil and gas field in the offshore Atlantic areas of Canada. Largely attributed to BP, the strategic alliance concept got its start in the North Sea and on the North Slope of Alaska. BP saw it as the best way to take advantage of economy-of-scale, mitigate risk, and achieve outsourcing goals while retaining their core competencies. This paper reviews the methods of developing the alliances, the developing of a development plan for the Terra Nova field, and how the alliance plans to maximize the profittability of the operation for all involved

  12. Understanding and Measuring Coach–Teacher Alliance: A Glimpse Inside the ‘Black Box’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pas, Elise T.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.

    2016-01-01

    Coaching models are increasingly used in schools to enhance fidelity and effectiveness of evidence-based interventions; yet, little is known about the relationship between the coach and teacher (i.e., coach–teacher alliance), which may indirectly enhance teacher and student outcomes through improved implementation quality. There is also limited research on measures of coach–teacher alliance, further hindering the field from understanding the active components for successful coaching. The current study examined the factor structure and psychometric characteristics of a measure of coach–teacher alliance as reported by both teachers and coaches and explored the extent to which teachers and coaches reliably rate their alliance. Data come from a sample of 147 teachers who received implementation support from one of four coaches; both the teacher and the coach completed an alliance questionnaire. Separate confirmatory factor analyses for each informant revealed four factors (relationship, process, investment, and perceived benefits) as well as an additional coach-rated factor (perceived teacher barriers). A series of analyses, including cross-rater correlations, intraclass correlation coefficients, and Kuder-Richardson reliability estimates suggested that teachers and coaches provide reliable, though not redundant, information about the alliance. Implications for future research and the utilization of the parallel coach–teacher alliance measures to increase the effectiveness of coaching are discussed. PMID:26872479

  13. Towards coaching across divides to create alliances: an integral approach

    OpenAIRE

    Aiken Hodge, Dorrian Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation builds a meta-theoretical approach to creating alliances across differences in order to meet shared objectives. The research took place over two years (2003-2005) within an asset management company of 80 employees in South Africa. Managing diversity well is an organisational leadership capacity, crucially capable of transforming organisations in the direction of high-trust, high-performance environments. The research site was caught up in the challenges of transformation on ...

  14. Toward Food System Sustainability through School Food System Change: Think&EatGreen@School and the Making of a Community-University Research Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yael Harlap

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the theoretical and conceptual framework and the research and practice model of Think&EatGreen@School, a community-based action research project aiming to foster food citizenship in the City of Vancouver and to develop a model of sustainable institutional food systems in public schools. The authors argue that educational and policy interventions at the school and school board level can drive the goals of food system sustainability, food security, and food sovereignty. The complex relationship between food systems, climate change and environmental degradation require that international initiatives promoting sustainability be vigorously complemented by local multi-stakeholder efforts to preserve or restore the capacity to produce food in a durable manner. As a step towards making the City of Vancouver green, we are currently involved in attempts to transform the food system of the local schools by mobilizing the energy of a transdisciplinary research team of twelve university researchers, over 300 undergraduate and graduate students, and twenty community-based researchers and organizations working on food, public health, environmental and sustainability education.

  15. Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data and Reporting (TAMDAR) Icing Sensor Performance during the 2003/2004 Alliance Icing Research Study (AIRS II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, John J.; Nguyen, Louis A.; Daniels, Taumi; Minnis, Patrick; Schaffner, Phillip R.; Cagle, Melinda F.; Nordeen, Michele L.; Wolff, Cory A.; Anderson, Mark V.; Mulally, Daniel J.

    2005-01-01

    NASA Langley Research Center and its research partners from the University of North Dakota (UND) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) participated in the AIRS II campaign from November 17 to December 17, 2003. AIRS II provided the opportunity to compare TAMDAR in situ in-flight icing condition assessments with in situ data from the UND Citation II aircraft's Rosemont system. TAMDAR is designed to provide a general warning of ice accretion and to report it directly into the Meteorological Data Communications and Reporting System (MDCRS). In addition to evaluating TAMDAR with microphysical data obtained by the Citation II, this study also compares these data to the NWS operational in-flight icing Current Icing Potential (CIP) graphic product and with the NASA Advanced Satellite Aviation-weather Products (ASAP) Icing Severity product. The CIP and ASAP graphics are also examined in this study to provide a context for the Citation II's sorties in AIRS II.

  16. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR FROM ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    CEZAR SIMION-MELINTE

    2012-01-01

    Strategic alliances in the construction sector in Romania have taken so far following forms: strategic alliances between foreign companies on the Romanian market; strategic alliances between Romanian and foreign companies, strategic alliances between Romanian companies, strategic alliances between public authorities and foreign or Romanian companies. Formation and performance of strategic alliances in the construction sector in Romania is influenced by the following factors: extent to which t...

  17. Buyers' alliances for bargaining power

    OpenAIRE

    Chae, Suchan; Heidhues, Paul

    2003-01-01

    We provide a novel explanation as to why forming an alliance of buyers (or sellers) across separate markets can be advantageous when input prices are determined by bargaining. Our explanation helps to understand the prevalence of buyer cooperatives among small and medium sized firms. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Verhandlungsmacht durch Käuferkooperationen) Dieses Papier entwickelt eine neue Erklärung dafür, warum Zusammenschlüsse zwischen Käufern (oder Verkäufern), die in unterschiedlichen Märkten akti...

  18. A Review of Antecedents of International Strategic Alliance Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a systematic review of 165 empirical studies on the antecedents of performance in international strategic alliances. It provides the most detailed display of definitions, rationales, measures and findings currently available. Hence, this state-of-the art literature review...... creates an accessible pool of knowledge that is highly relevant for future research on international strategic alliances. Further, it draws on this knowledge pool to build a model which highlights the quite different rationales advanced by researchers to explain associations between the antecedents and...... performance. The model makes the different rationales explicit and will aid researchers in identifying tests that can be performed to examine the links between antecedents and performance as well as the mechanisms through which such associations operate. Finally, the synthesized evidence is used to suggest...

  19. Automobile Industry Strategic Alliance Partner Selection: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and Grey Theory Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Nan Wang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Finding the right strategic alliance partner is a critical success factor for many enterprises. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to propose an effective approach based on grey theory and data envelopment analysis (DEA for selecting better partners for alliance. This study used grey forecasting to predict future business performances and used DEA for the partner selection of alliances. This research was implemented with realistic public data in four consecutive financial years (2009–2012 of the world’s 20 biggest automobile enterprises. Nissan Motor Co., Ltd was set to be the target decision making unit (DMU. The empirical results showed that, among 19 candidate DMUs, Renault (DMU10 and Daimler (DMU11 were the two feasible beneficial alliance partners for Nissan. Although this research is specifically applied to the automobile industry, the proposed method could also be applied to other manufacturing industries.

  20. Project alliancing in the offshore industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the shift towards new types of project organisation within the offshore industry is explained and discussed. Special focus is given to the organisational concept of project alliancing. The principles, structure and culture of a project alliance as applied within the offshore industry are described. In the paper the organisational concept of project alliancing is discussed on its potential to reduce project costs and enhance profits, both for the operator (oil and gas company) as well as for participating contractors. A risk and reward mechanism developed to share project risks and rewards between allied parties is explained for an alliance case. Based upon an in-depth study carried out within a contractor company in the offshore industry the organisational and financial implications of project alliancing are presented. (author)

  1. Alliance for NanoHealth (ANH) Training Program for the development of future generations of interdisciplinary scientists and collaborative research focused upon the advancement of nanomedicine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gorenstein, David [Univ. of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2013-12-23

    The objectives of this program are to promote the mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM) Program by recruiting students to science and engineering disciplines with the intent of mentoring and supporting the next generation of scientists; to foster interdisciplinary and collaborative research under the sponsorship of ANH for the discovery and design of nano-based materials and devices with novel structures, functions, and properties; and to prepare a diverse work force of scientists, engineers, and clinicians by utilizing the unique intellectual and physical resources to develop novel nanotechnology paradigms for clinical application.

  2. Spillover Effects of International Strategic Alliance in Banking Industry of China: Perspectives from Chinese Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Hou, Yuxuan

    2014-01-01

    This research examines the spillover effects of international strategic alliances in China’s banking industry for Chinese domestic banks. Through adopting spillover effects theory in explaining the positive and negative effects leaking from foreign investors in international strategic alliances, the study enables us to compare the internal and external effects depending on different factors, as Chinese state owned national banks and local banks as well as the country of origin. All of the ana...

  3. Differential Effects of Interventions on the Therapeutic Alliance With Patients With Personality Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Bond, Michael; Banon, Elisabeth; Grenier, Marcella

    1998-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between clearly defined therapist interventions and the therapeutic alliance with personality-disordered patients. Transcripts of one psychotherapy session for each of 5 subjects taking part in a long-term psychotherapy research project were rated for therapist interventions and therapeutic alliance to determine if specific interventions were followed by enhanced or diminished therapeutic work. Transference interpretations were followed b...

  4. Avoiding Emotional Bonds: An Examination of the Dimensions of Therapeutic Alliance Among Cannabis Users

    OpenAIRE

    Alison eHealey; Frances eKay-Lambkin; Jenny eBowman; Steven eChilds

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing need to provide treatment for cannabis users, yet engaging and maintaining this population in treatment is particularly difficult. Although past research has focused on the importance of therapeutic alliance on drug treatment outcomes, this is the first study to examine the dimensions of therapeutic alliance for cannabis users compared with users of alcohol or other drugs in a naturalistic setting. The acceptability of Internet-delivered interventions for drug and alcohol t...

  5. THE 3 Rs OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCE FORMATION: RESOURCES, RENTS, AND (PROPERTY) RIGHTS

    OpenAIRE

    Westgren, Randall E.

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines the formation and governance of strategic alliances. In particular, the problem is defined for the development of alliances in agriculture, where new organizational forms are arising rapidly for horizontal and vertical coordination of the production-marketing chain. As the title of this research conference implies, these organizational forms offer opportunities within the portfolio of strategies facing agricultural producers for reconfiguring their marketing and managing r...

  6. Understanding and Measuring Coach–Teacher Alliance: A Glimpse Inside the ‘Black Box’

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Stacy R.; Pas, Elise T.; BRADSHAW, CATHERINE P.

    2016-01-01

    Coaching models are increasingly used in schools to enhance fidelity and effectiveness of evidence-based interventions; yet, little is known about the relationship between the coach and teacher (i.e., coach–teacher alliance), which may indirectly enhance teacher and student outcomes through improved implementation quality. There is also limited research on measures of coach–teacher alliance, further hindering the field from understanding the active components for successful coaching. The curr...

  7. PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THE WORKING ALLIANCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY TRAINEES: AN ORGANIZING ROLE FORTHE FIVE FACTOR MODEL?

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin P. Chapman; Talbot, Nancy; Tatman, Anthony W.; BRITION, PETER C.

    2009-01-01

    Ackerman and Hilsenroth (2001, 2003) suggested that therapist personality may be meaningfully associated with the psychotherapy working alliance. We extended this line of research by examining the association between Five Factor Model (Costa & McCrae, 1997b) personality traits Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness, and ratings of the working alliance made by clients and psychotherapy trainees. Higher trainee Neuroticism was associated with bet...

  8. Evaluating Strategic Alliances in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Cem Canel; Stacy Mitchell

    2013-01-01

    The ability of firms to carry out operational strategies such as differentiation, cost leadership or focused strategies can depend on their ability to integrate technological advances relevant to their industry. Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME), in particular, have many reasons to use strategic alliances as a way to counteract the market power and financial resources possessed by many large firms. This research intends to offer guidance to SMEs through the development of a hybrid mode...

  9. Alliance free sets in Cartesian product graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Yero, Ismael G; Bermudo, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. For a non-empty subset of vertices $S\\subseteq V$, and vertex $v\\in V$, let $\\delta_S(v)=|\\{u\\in S:uv\\in E\\}|$ denote the cardinality of the set of neighbors of $v$ in $S$, and let $\\bar{S}=V-S$. Consider the following condition: {equation}\\label{alliancecondition} \\delta_S(v)\\ge \\delta_{\\bar{S}}(v)+k, \\{equation} which states that a vertex $v$ has at least $k$ more neighbors in $S$ than it has in $\\bar{S}$. A set $S\\subseteq V$ that satisfies Condition (\\ref{alliancecondition}) for every vertex $v \\in S$ is called a \\emph{defensive} $k$-\\emph{alliance}; for every vertex $v$ in the neighborhood of $S$ is called an \\emph{offensive} $k$-\\emph{alliance}. A subset of vertices $S\\subseteq V$, is a \\emph{powerful} $k$-\\emph{alliance} if it is both a defensive $k$-alliance and an offensive $(k +2)$-alliance. Moreover, a subset $X\\subset V$ is a defensive (an offensive or a powerful) $k$-alliance free set if $X$ does not contain any defensive (offensive or powerful, respectively) $k$-allianc...

  10. Forging Industry-Academic Alliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph M. Woodside

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available With ever increasing amounts of data, organizations are identifying the importance of Business Intelligence (BI and Analytics for decision making. However in order to realize the full potential of these technologies, organizations require well-trained and educated management and analytic subject matter experts to transform the data and results into actionable information for decisions. In order to meet this demand for analytical talent, a Center for Business Intelligence and Analytics (CBIA housed within the university seeks to develop knowledge and skills vital in the fast changing field of business, through developing the next generation of managers and analysts with skills in decision-making through use of analytical techniques. This presentation provides the strategic framework for the definition and development of a CBIA and framework for joint academic and industry collaboration to develop the next generation of industry experts. The core components including industry demand, alliance objectives including objectives, curriculum and talent requirements, and opportunities.

  11. Managing strategic alliances in the power generation industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kumar, Rajesh

    2003-01-01

    Highlights the challenges for power development developers in initiating alliances in the power generation industry. Importance of strategic alliances in the industry; Nature of the alliances in the independent power industry; Strategies for creating and sustaining value in global power development......; Management of tensions inherent in internal and external alliances....

  12. Logistics Optimization of Auto Parts Supplier Embedded by Service Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue LONG

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available To study the logistics service optimization of auto parts suppliers in China, this paper proposes a logistics service optimization model of many service enterprises to one supplier. This model which takes two logistics service enterprises and one supplier as research objects includes the enterprise interests growth model based on the Lotka-Volterra model and interests distribution model using Shapley value method amended by the contribution factor. Furthermore, an example is given to testify the model. The results show that the auto parts supplier’s logistics can be improved and cost can be reduced if the logistics service alliance was established successfully with one core integrating service enterprise and a total logistics service solution was provided. The results also show that as the cost reduces, the interests of the alliance increase and the rational distribution by the integrating service enterprise will help promote the interests of all members

  13. International Strategic Alliances for Local Market Entry: Direct Launches versus Marketing Alliances in Pharmaceuticals

    OpenAIRE

    Takechi, Kazutaka

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the determinants of international strategic alliances by pharmaceutical firms. When launching drugs onto the market, there are two choices: launching the drugs directly or forming marketing alliances including licensing agreements. Because these choices affect firm revenue structure and the international supply pattern of pharmaceuticals, the impact on world welfare is significant. We examine the determinants of supply mode choice (direct launch versus alliance) by Jap...

  14. Strategic motivations for Sino-Western alliances: a comparativeanalysis of Chinese and Western alliance formation drivers.

    OpenAIRE

    Saebi, Tina; Dong, Qinqin

    2008-01-01

    This paper compares the key drivers of Sino-foreign alliance formation from the perspective of both Chinese and Western alliance partners. Our results indicate that Chinese companies enter into alliances with Western companies mainly to get accesses to international markets and to develop their technological and managerial competences further, while Western partners aim to gain access to the local customer and supplier bases of their Chinese counterpart as well as to the complex distribution ...

  15. The Transition from Alliance Networks to Multilateral Alliances in the Global Airline Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio G. Lazzarini

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines conditions in which alliance networks (informal webs of bilateral entanglements between firms may or may not evolve into multilateral alliances (broad, formal multiple-firm arrangements. I offer a theory to explain the formation of multilateral alliances based on both the resource profile and the structure of existing interfirm networks, and provide an initial test of that theory in the context of the global airline industry. Using data from 75 global airlines and their alliances, I propose a methodology to retrieve samples of alliance networks and then use regression analysis to assess how the resource profile and the structure of these networks influence their formalization into multilateral alliances. I find that multilateral alliances are more likely to emerge when alliance networks exhibit high resource diversity and network structure characterized by moderate density and high centralization. Apparently, while highly sparse networks reduce actors’ awareness of their potential joint collaboration, highly dense or embedded networks substitute for the need for formal controls accompanying multilateral agreements. The effect of centralization suggests that the formation of multilateral alliances tends to be triggered by leading actors directly connected to other network members.

  16. The Alliance for Equity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merisotis, Jamie P.; Goulian, Katherine A.

    2004-01-01

    This chapter describes the organization, operations, and goals of the Alliance for Equity in Higher Education, a national coalition of associations and institutions founded to serve the emerging majority of racially diverse college students.

  17. Global Alliance for Tuberculosis Drug Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Inadequate Treatment Maternal and Child Health Cycle of Poverty R&D Scientific Vision Our Pipeline Developing New ... 107 Haymeadow Street, Faerie Glen, Pretoria 0043, South Africa • +27 87 700 3900 © 2016 The TB Alliance. ...

  18. Strategic Alliances in The Robotics Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulrik Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the master-thesis was to examine how Blue Ocean Robotics can structure its strategic alliances to gain a competitive advantage in the market development of robotics in international markets.......The purpose of the master-thesis was to examine how Blue Ocean Robotics can structure its strategic alliances to gain a competitive advantage in the market development of robotics in international markets....

  19. Water and Martian habitability: Results of an integrative study of water related processes on Mars in context with an interdisciplinary Helmholtz research alliance “Planetary Evolution and Life”

    OpenAIRE

    Jaumann, R.; Tirsch, Daniela; Hauber, E.; Erkeling, G.; Hiesinger, H.; Le Deit, Laetitia; Sowe, M.; Adeli, S.; Petau, A.; Reiss, Dennis

    2014-01-01

    A study in context with the Helmholtz Alliance ‘Planetary Evolution and Life’ focused on the (temporary) existence of liquid water, and the likelihood that Mars has been or even is a habitable planet. Both geomorphological and mineralogical evidence point to the episodic availability of liquid water at the surface of Mars, and physical modeling and small-scale observations suggest that this is also true for more recent periods. Habitable conditions, however, were not uniform over space and ti...

  20. Working Alliance Inventory applied to Virtual and Augmented Reality (WAI-VAR: Psychometrics and Therapeutic Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta eMiragall

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the psychometric properties of the Working Alliance Inventory-Short (WAI-S adaptation to Virtual Reality (VR and Augmented Reality (AR therapies (WAI-VAR. The relationship between the therapeutic alliance with VR and AR and clinically significant change (CSC is also explored. Seventy-five patients took part in this study (74.7% women, Mage= 34.41. Fear of flying and adjustment disorder patients received VR therapy, and cockroach phobia patients received AR therapy. Psychometric properties, CSC, one-way ANOVA, Spearman’s Correlations and Multiple Regression were calculated. The WAI-VAR showed a unidimensional structure, high internal consistency and adequate convergent validity. Not changed patients scored lower on the WAI-VAR than improved and recovered patients. Correlation between the WAI-VAR and CSC was moderate. The best fitting model for predicting CSC was a linear combination of the therapeutic alliance with therapist (WAI-S and the therapeutic alliance with VR and AR (WAI-VAR, due to the latter variable slightly increased the percentage of variability accounted for in CSC. The WAI-VAR is the first validated instrument to measure the therapeutic alliance with VR and AR in research and clinical practice. This study reveals the importance of the quality of the therapeutic alliance with technologies in achieving positive outcomes in the therapy.

  1. When and how to create strategic alliances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As oil prices remain flat and discoveries become more costly, the relationships between suppliers and operators are changing. Arms-length, unit pricing buying practices remain the norm for many buyers, but others have identified advantages of forming alliances that make greater use of the suppliers' capabilities. Recently, operators and the service industry have started to evolve a new culture that provides value-added solutions in an incentive environment. coupled with long-term risk-sharing or partnering arrangements, the potential advantages to both the operator and supplier are clear. An alliance is a long-term commitment between the operator and one or more supplier organizations, formed to achieve well-defined project objectives in a way that is beneficial to all alliance partners. Alliances take many forms and are adapted to meet the needs of the project. Successful alliances are characterized by trust, common goals and open communication. They build on the efficiencies, capabilities and strengths each partner brings to the relationship. The nine steps to creating a successful alliance are described

  2. Partnering with Sandia National Laboratories through alliances or consortia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winchell, B.M.

    1994-12-01

    To better facilitate working with industry, groups of industrial participants, and partners in alliances or consortia, Sandia National Laboratories presents information helpful to those outside groups as to the forms of arrangements that may be used to better facilitate partnering relationships between Sandia National Laboratories and consortia or alliances of outside parties. It is expected that these alliances and consortia will include both large and small for-profit industrial concerns, as well as not-for-profit entities such as universities, institutes, other research facilities, and other nonprofit institutions or consortia containing institutions. The intent of this report is to provide such outside groups with information that will facilitate rapid interactions with Sandia National Laboratories through some of these forms of business which will be discussed in this report. These are not the only approaches to facilitating business interactions with Sandia National Laboratories and it is not intended that this report be legal advice or required approaches to doing business with Sandia National Laboratories. The intent of this report is merely to suggest ways in which Sandia National Laboratories can work with outside parties in the most expeditious manner.

  3. Partnering with Sandia National Laboratories through alliances or consortia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winchell, B.M.

    1994-04-01

    To better facilitate working with industry, groups of industrial participants, and partners in alliances or consortia, Sandia National laboratories presents information helpful to those outside groups as to the forms of arrangements that may be used to better facilitate partnering relationships between Sandia National Laboratories and consortia or alliances of outside parties. It is expected that these alliances and consortia will include both large and small for-profit industrial concerns, as well as not-for-profit entities such as universities, institutes, other research facilities, and other nonprofit institutions or consortia containing institutions. The intent of this report is to provide such outside groups with information that will facilitate rapid interactions with Sandia National Laboratories through some of these forms of business which will be discussed in this report. These are not the only approaches to facilitating business interactions with Sandia National Laboratories and it is not intended that this report be legal advice or required approaches to doing business with Sandia National Laboratories. The intent of this report is merely to suggest ways in which Sandia National Laboratories can work with outside parties in the most expeditious manner.

  4. An Optimal Remanufacturing Centre Selection Algorithm for Reverse Logistics Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzma Hameed

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Reverse logistics has been an emerging field both in academic as well as in applied research since last two decades because of increasing consumer awareness, legislative initiatives and profits associated with reuse of products or components. The costs associated with reverse logistics are usually high and these need to be minimized. The current study focuses on the formulation of alliance for cost reductions in reverse logistics. Remanufacturing, refurbishing, repair, cannibalization and reuse are the processes which add value to the reverse logistics system and are capable of converting it into a profitable venture. Used products contribute a cheaper source of components and spares required to remanufacture a product because of the less costs associated with the labor and material resources when compared with the manufacturing of new parts or products. When a defective part is removed from a product or assembly, it can be restored to its original state of functionality. Instead of purchasing a new, the same can be restored from repair/remanufacture centre just replacing defective part with a new part or spare. Furthermore, for manufacturers to reduce investments in reverse logistics, the formations of alliance and sharing of facilities for remanufacturing can lead to more profitability. In this study a focus has been made for the formation of remanufacturing alliance and an algorithm has been formulated for the selection of optimal remanufacturing center for the reverse logistics alliance. A case company has been selected from emerging Chinese electronic manufacturing industry. The case has been solved by using data set of the selected company with the help of formulated algorithm.

  5. Research on the Customer Loyalty Program Partnership and Its Influence on Alliance Partners Based on the Case Study of China Southern Airlines Joining the Sky Team Alliance%航空积分联盟及其对联盟合作伙伴的影响研究——基于南航加入天合联盟的案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李纯青; 郝艳磊; 张军

    2011-01-01

    Loyalty program partnership as an important relationship marketing instrument has become one of the hotspots in marketing research. However, the key as to whether a firm will join the loyalty program partnership and how to choose the core enterprise lies in how to reinforce the expected effects and to achieve the multi-win. In view of the fact that domestic airlines have joined the international airline alliances one after another, this paper chooses China Southern airlines as an example, and uses single case study, including interviews and secondary data collection. It is concluded that: (1)The motive of China airlines joining the airline alliances is the fierce competition in the aviation market. Their management and service level must be improved. (2)China airlines' selection of alliances is mainly based on the complementarity among routes and the mutual cooperation before joining. (3)China airlines rapidly expand international and domestic markets, reduce costs and increase revenues and in the meanwhile, the management level and service level rise substantially.%积分联盟作为重要的关系营销手段逐渐成为营销领域的热点,但如何在多赢的基础上强化其预期作用是企业决定是否加入积分联盟和如何选择盟主企业的关键问题。针对国内航空公司相继加入国际航空联盟的事实,本文选择南航加入天合联盟为例,采用单案例研究方法,包括实地访谈和二手资料的收集,最后得出:(1)中国航空公司加入航空联盟的动因是航空市场的激烈竞争与国内航空公司自身管理和服务水平的亟待提高。(2)中国航空公司选择航空联盟的依据主要是航线之间的互补性和加盟前与已有联盟企业的良好合作关系。(3)中国航空公司加入航空联盟能迅速扩大其国际、国内市场,降低成本,增加收入并伴随着管理水平和服务水平的大幅度提高。

  6. Strategic Alliance Poker: Demonstrating the Importance of Complementary Resources and Trust in Strategic Alliance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reutzel, Christopher R.; Worthington, William J.; Collins, Jamie D.

    2012-01-01

    Strategic Alliance Poker (SAP) provides instructors with an opportunity to integrate the resource based view with their discussion of strategic alliances in undergraduate Strategic Management courses. Specifically, SAP provides Strategic Management instructors with an experiential exercise that can be used to illustrate the value creation…

  7. The Need for a National Alliance for Broadening Participation of Native Americans in the Geosciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbotten, D. M.

    2008-12-01

    The continuing underrepresentation of Native Americans in the Geosciences can only mean that Native voices go unheard in setting research agendas and priorities. This is particularly significant where issues such as global climate change impact the land and livelihood of Native American communities. This talk will outline the need for a national alliance for broadening participation of Native Americans in the Geosciences. Our focus will be on defining goals for this alliance, i.e., new research in Geoscience education, defining best practices, inclusion of Native voices in Geoscience research, the potential for new collaborations, and promotion of opportunities for Native students and communities.

  8. Making Schools Safe and Inclusive: Gay-Straight Alliances and School Climate in Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchen, Julian; Bellini, Christine

    2013-01-01

    Gay-straight alliances (GSAs) have become widespread in Ontario schools and, starting in 2012, all schools are required to permit students to form GSAs. While American research suggests that GSAs have a positive impact on school safety and inclusion, there is little research on the impact of GSAs in Canadian schools. This study, based on a survey…

  9. Final report : PATTON Alliance gazetteer evaluation project.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bleakly, Denise Rae

    2007-08-01

    In 2005 the National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) proposed that the PATTON Alliance provide assistance in evaluating and obtaining the Integrated Gazetteer Database (IGDB), developed for the Naval Space Warfare Command Research group (SPAWAR) under Advance Research and Development Activity (ARDA) funds by MITRE Inc., fielded to the text-based search tool GeoLocator, currently in use by NGIC. We met with the developers of GeoLocator and identified their requirements for a better gazetteer. We then validated those requirements by reviewing the technical literature, meeting with other members of the intelligence community (IC), and talking with both the United States Geologic Survey (USGS) and the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), the authoritative sources for official geographic name information. We thus identified 12 high-level requirements from users and the broader intelligence community. The IGDB satisfies many of these requirements. We identified gaps and proposed ways of closing these gaps. Three important needs have not been addressed but are critical future needs for the broader intelligence community. These needs include standardization of gazetteer data, a web feature service for gazetteer information that is maintained by NGA and USGS but accessible to users, and a common forum that brings together IC stakeholders and federal agency representatives to provide input to these activities over the next several years. Establishing a robust gazetteer web feature service that is available to all IC users may go a long way toward resolving the gazetteer needs within the IC. Without a common forum to provide input and feedback, community adoption may take significantly longer than anticipated with resulting risks to the war fighter.

  10. Trusting Relationships in the NATO Alliance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keating, Vincent Charles

    – particularly given the historical (and even current) animosities between some of the member states. How is it that so many states can work together given the structural bias towards distrust in the international system? Given the goal of the papers on this panel to investigate how NATO might in fact facilitate...... trust-building among its members, this paper represents an initial attempt to consider how the question of trust can be considered with respect to the existing literature on both alliances and NATO. In doing so, it brings together three literatures: trust theory, alliance theory, and NATO studies, in...... order to reveal the points of intersection that might help us to understand how and why trusting relationships can be formed within the NATO alliance....

  11. Multinational Corporation and International Strategic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆兮

    2015-01-01

    The world is now deeply into the second great wave of globalization, in which product, capital, and markets are becoming more and more integrated across countries. Multinational corporations are gaining their rapid growth around the globe and playing a significant role in the world economy. Meanwhile, the accelerated rate of globalization has also imposed pressures on MNCs, left them desperately seeking overseas alliances in order to remain competitive. International strategic alliances, which bring together large and commonly competitive firms for specific purposes, have gradual y shown its importance in the world market. And the form of international joint venture is now widely adopted. Then after the formation of alliances, selecting the right partner, formulating right strategies, establishing harmonious and effective partnership are generally the key to success.

  12. Research on Relational Contracts of Merger Bidders Alliance with the Relationship of Merger Manager & Merger Promoter%并购经营者与并购促成者关系下的主并方合作联盟关系契约研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边璐; 扈文秀; 张江朋

    2011-01-01

    Multi-bidders cooperative to merger target enterprise is a new type of merger and acquisition. The cooperative alliance of bidders is not a stable organization structure especially tempted by some potential profit from external of alliance.From the view of incomplete information, this paper analyzes the necessary of relation contract as an important supplemental agreement for formal contract. Furthermore, we make the research on optimal efforts of merger promoter and optimal transfer payments of merger manager by analyzing systemically based on relation contract. And finally, we analyze the conditions for both manager and promoter for arriving relation contract and also conclude the criterion of selecting discount present value for respectively cooperative bidders. Some conclusions indicate that the optimal transfer payments of merger manager can make positive incentive to the optimal efforts of merger promoter, and the first one decided by differential income of alliance and external alliance that is based on the success probability of merger and acquisition.%主并方为多方的合作并购是一种新的企业并购形式,当外部潜在收益作用于合作并购联盟时,主并方的合作并购联盟稳定性会受到威胁.从不完全信息角度分析了合作并购中关系契约作为正式合作契约补充的必要性,进而系统地分析了关系契约中并购促成者和并购经营者的最优努力与最优转移支付的选择问题,并给出了并购经营者与并购促成者关系契约的达成条件及相关贴现值的选择准则.研究结论表明,关系契约中,并购经营者努力程度受到并购经营者转移支付的正向影响,而最优转移支付又取决于并购成功概率下的级差收益.

  13. Coupling methodology within the software platform alliances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CEA, ANDRA and EDF are jointly developing the software platform ALLIANCES which aim is to produce a tool for the simulation of nuclear waste storage and disposal repository. This type of simulations deals with highly coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical and chemical (T-H-M-C) processes. A key objective of Alliances is to give the capability for coupling algorithms development between existing codes. The aim of this paper is to present coupling methodology use in the context of this software platform. (author)

  14. Strategic alliances fit pattern of industry innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The strategic alliance, vitally important as an isolated practice in the oil and gas business, also fits a broad pattern of innovation by which the industry is redefining itself for prosperity in a new energy age. The industry is experiencing a renaissance in almost every aspect, from technological breakthroughs to innovative business practices to new products and markets. An inevitable outgrowth of such rapid and fundamental change is an evolution in business relationships. The strategic alliance is at the forefront of this trend. Development of new relationships capitalizes on, and partly results from, enormous advances in technology and finance. The paper discusses new relationships, the outsourcing rage, integrating work flows, and technological advances

  15. An Overview of Strategic Alliances between Universities and Corporations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmuti, Dean; Abebe, Michael; Nicolosi, Marco

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Strategic alliances generally represent inter-firm cooperative agreements aimed at achieving competitive advantage for the partners. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in strategic alliances by multinational firms. This paper aims to explore the essence of these alliances and why they have become such a growing area of…

  16. The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Thomas; Gopala Krishna, Barla; Crichton, Daniel J.

    2016-07-01

    The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA) is a close association of partners with the aim of improving the quality of planetary science data and services to the end users of space based instrumentation. The specific mission of the IPDA is to facilitate global access to, and exchange of, high quality scientific data products managed across international boundaries. Ensuring proper capture, accessibility and availability of the data is the task of the individual member space agencies. The IPDA is focused on developing an international standard that allows discovery, query, access, and usage of such data across international planetary data archive systems. While trends in other areas of space science are concentrating on the sharing of science data from diverse standards and collection methods, the IPDA concentrates on promoting governing data standards that drive common methods for collecting and describing planetary science data across the international community. This approach better supports the long term goal of easing data sharing across system and agency boundaries. An initial starting point for developing such a standard will be internationalization of NASA's Planetary Data System's (PDS) PDS4 standard. The IPDA was formed in 2006 with the purpose of adopting standards and developing collaborations across agencies to ensure data is captured in common formats. It has grown to a dozen member agencies represented by a number of different groups through the IPDA Steering Committee. Member agencies include: Armenian Astronomical Society, China National Space Agency (CNSA), European Space Agency (ESA), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Italian Space Agency (ASI), Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), National Air and Space Administration (NASA), National Centre for Space Studies (CNES), Space Research Institute (IKI), UAE Space Agency, and UK Space Agency. The IPDA Steering Committee oversees the execution of

  17. Motivations of strategic alliances: application with the electric sector in Europe: EDF ENBW case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electric power industry is witnessing significant transformations dealing with the principles of the market organization. The reforms of the sector regulations modify the functioning rules, and in reply, the firms adapt their strategic behaviour through partner policies and alliances. Since 1996, several alliances cases have emerged. The present research work consists in the examination of motivations that are the origin of these partnerships inciting the big power companies to set off on a race to external growth. The first part of the thesis tackles the reconfiguration of the power industry in Europe and clarifies the different motivations of companies that decide to form an alliance (to get into a new market, pass the over capacities, search considerable effect engendering important economies and synergies, base an effect power and a safety motivation). The second part focuses on the study of EdF and Enbw links through the analysis of synergies brought out by such alliance and the construction of possible progress scenarios for this alliance (starting from the analysis of strategic intentions of both Allies, a scenario of success or break down is built up). (author)

  18. Earth System Science Education Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, R.; Schwerin, T.

    2007-12-01

    The Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA) professional development program is providing in-depth geoscience content and teaching methods to pre- and in-service teachers. The program is building and expanding on NASA's successful ESSEA program that was funded from 2000-2005. Now sponsored by NSF, the network has expanded to nearly 40 institutions of higher learning committed to teacher Earth system science education. The program supports participating institutions with funding, training, and standards-aligned courses and resources for pre- and in-service teachers. As a result, teachers are prepared to teach Earth system science using inquiry-based classroom methods, geoscience data and tools. From 1999-2005, the NASA funded ESSEA Program delivered online Earth system science professional development for K-12 teachers through a network of 20 colleges and universities. The program was led by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) and based on a trio of 16-week online courses (for elementary, middle, and high school teachers) that had been developed and piloted by NASA's Classroom of the Future at Wheeling Jesuit University. The ESSEA program's mission was to: 1) support universities, colleges, and science education organizations delivering the K-12 online graduate courses; 2) strengthen teachers' understanding of Earth system science; 3) demonstrate the ability to deliver exceptional professional development to a national audience; and 4) create a solid infrastructure to sustain the program. As of spring 2006, the courses had been used by 40 faculty at 20 institutions educating over 1,700 K-12 teachers in Earth system science. Through NSF funding beginning in late 2006, IGES is enhancing and building on the ESSEA foundation by: 1. Introducing extensive use of data, models and existing Earth system educational materials to support the courses; 2. Implementing a rigorous evaluation program designed to demonstrate growth in teachers' Earth

  19. Alliances - Another Way to Access the Market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komarov, Yuri A.

    1999-07-01

    The late 1990s were a difficult period for the world economy: decreased economic growth rate, dropping prices for energy and other raw materials, dropping import prices of natural gas. Companies involved in the energy business are currently at the stage of survival. High-priced projects with increased risks are postponed until better times. Consequently, Gazprom had to cut investments by two thirds. For Gazprom, the problems have been aggravated by the transition from authoritatively planned economy to market economy. Alliances are one of the most effective current methods of operation in the natural gas market. Alliances between Gazprom and leading Western oil and gas companies are beneficial both to the participants and the consumers because such alliances will provide for creation of a service package of the 21th century. The importance for Gazprom of cooperation with its alliance partners is that it makes it possible to implement cost-cutting measures that benefit both producers and consumers. It also makes it possible to ensure reliable distribution of the gas.

  20. Black-Brown Relations: Are Alliances Possible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klor de Alva, J. Jorge; West, Cornel

    1997-01-01

    Dialogue between Cornel West and Jorge Klor de Alva explores the question of black-brown alliances, those between African Americans and Hispanic Americans. If minority groups can put aside the difference of skin color and join to combat economic and social racism, they can have far-reaching and meaningful impacts on society. (SLD)

  1. Management of innovation in networks and alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Garbade, P.J.P.

    2014-01-01

    To remain competitive in a world of global competition a company has to adapt to changing situations at an increasing speed. This book discusses the important topic of the management of innovation in inter-organizational networks by focusing on the management of innovation both at the network level and at the strategic alliance level of the individual company.

  2. Alliances - Another Way to Access the Market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The late 1990s were a difficult period for the world economy: decreased economic growth rate, dropping prices for energy and other raw materials, dropping import prices of natural gas. Companies involved in the energy business are currently at the stage of survival. High-priced projects with increased risks are postponed until better times. Consequently, Gazprom had to cut investments by two thirds. For Gazprom, the problems have been aggravated by the transition from authoritatively planned economy to market economy. Alliances are one of the most effective current methods of operation in the natural gas market. Alliances between Gazprom and leading Western oil and gas companies are beneficial both to the participants and the consumers because such alliances will provide for creation of a service package of the 21th century. The importance for Gazprom of cooperation with its alliance partners is that it makes it possible to implement cost-cutting measures that benefit both producers and consumers. It also makes it possible to ensure reliable distribution of the gas

  3. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES: FROM SUCCES TO FAILURE

    OpenAIRE

    Petrica Dana; Bugnar Nicoleta; Mester Liana

    2009-01-01

    Over the past few years, the strategic alliances had been increasingly common. The term “strategic alliance” can mean many different things, but the commonly used meaning entails a joint corporative effort by two or more companies working towards agreed u

  4. Robustness of airline alliance route networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lordan, Oriol; Sallan, Jose M.; Simo, Pep; Gonzalez-Prieto, David

    2015-05-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze the robustness of the three major airline alliances' (i.e., Star Alliance, oneworld and SkyTeam) route networks. Firstly, the normalization of a multi-scale measure of vulnerability is proposed in order to perform the analysis in networks with different sizes, i.e., number of nodes. An alternative node selection criterion is also proposed in order to study robustness and vulnerability of such complex networks, based on network efficiency. And lastly, a new procedure - the inverted adaptive strategy - is presented to sort the nodes in order to anticipate network breakdown. Finally, the robustness of the three alliance networks are analyzed with (1) a normalized multi-scale measure of vulnerability, (2) an adaptive strategy based on four different criteria and (3) an inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion. The results show that Star Alliance has the most resilient route network, followed by SkyTeam and then oneworld. It was also shown that the inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion - inverted efficiency - shows a great success in quickly breaking networks similar to that found with betweenness criterion but with even better results.

  5. Developing Strategic Alliances in Management Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, E. Ann; Wright, Gill

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The notion of effective strategic alliances provides the basis on which this paper proposes a framework to manage the application and outcomes of management learning. The management of key partner collaboration emerges in this paper as a major success factor in determining effective management learning. A proactive structured approach to…

  6. Facilitating Economic Development through Strategic Alliances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noftsinger, John B., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses how colleges and universities are becoming increasingly involved in economic development, with the formation of strategic alliances that have led to programs that benefit business and higher education. Discusses example programs from the Valley of Virginia Partnership for Education, and the outreach program of James Madison University.…

  7. Strategic alliances in oil and gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A competitor today is an ally tomorrow. A strategic partner in one market is an adversary in another. In this radically new way of doing business, the oil and gas industry seems quite at home. The trend to mergers is not unique to the oil industry, what is unique is the knack of petroleum companies to form strategic alliances

  8. The development of the therapeutic alliance and the emergence of alliance ruptures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Coutinho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study evaluated the development of the therapeutic alliance and the emergence of alliance ruptures, in a sample of patients with different diagnosis and different therapeutic outcome. Design: We examined the longitudinal data of 38 therapeutic dyads receiving cognitive-behavioural therapy, including dropouts as well as successful and unsuccessful cases. The sample included cases with Axis I and Axis II disorders. Method: At the end of each session, patients evaluated the alliance using the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI. Six judges trained in the observation of alliance rupture markers with an observational system of ruptures, rated 201 videotaped sessions. Longitudinal statistical models were applied to the data. Results: We found that the pattern of alliance development of successful cases was different from the unsuccessful and dropouts cases. In addition on average, patients with personality disorders began therapy with a lower WAI score that decreased over time, whereas patients with Axis-I disorders began therapy with a higher WAI score that increased over time.

  9. Client attachment orientations, working alliances, and responses to therapy: a psychology training clinic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Eric M; Anderson, Mary Z; Gormley, Barbara; Richmond, Christopher J; Preacco, Lara

    2010-11-01

    The authors examined the associations between client attachment orientations, working alliance, and progress in therapy. Ninety-five clients at two university-based training clinics completed measures of adult attachment, attachment to therapist, and working alliance immediately preceding the third counseling session with therapists-in-training. A standardized measure of progress in therapy was administered at intake, third counseling session, and termination. Hierarchical linear modeling findings indicated that stronger working alliances and secure attachment to therapist were significantly associated with greater reductions in client distress over time. Higher levels of adult attachment anxiety were significantly associated with greater distress ratings at the outset of treatment. Directions for future research and suggestions for developing therapeutic relationships in the context of specific client attachment orientations are discussed. PMID:21154028

  10. Psychosocial Aspects of the Performance of Strategic Alliances: A Critical Review of the Literature - I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Rinfret

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a critical review of the strategic alliance literature, with an emphasis onthe psychosocial factors involved in strategic alliances’ performance. I argue that these have beenneglected in favor of macro and meso-level theories, which tend to ignore performance-effects ofmicro-level behavioral factors. The schools of thought and methodologies that have shaped thedevelopment of the strategic alliance literature are discussed along with the key success factors thathave been related to strategic alliances’ performance. In conclusion, I put forth a set ofrecommendations for future research.

  11. The Mentor-Youth Alliance: The Role of Mentoring Relationships in Promoting Youth Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zand, Debra H.; Thomson, Nicole; Cervantes, Richard; Espiritu, Rachele; Klagholz, Donna; LaBlanc, Laura; Taylor, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Mentoring programs hold great promise for fostering competency in disadvantaged youth. Although considerable theoretical work has been conducted to explain the role of mentoring relationships in promoting positive youth outcomes, very little empirical research has directly investigated this alliance. The present study developed and validated a…

  12. Gay-Straight Alliances and School Experiences of Sexual Minority Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walls, N. Eugene; Kane, Sarah B.; Wisneski, Hope

    2010-01-01

    Recent findings on the impact of gay-straight alliances (GSAs) on the school experiences of sexual minority youth have demonstrated that numerous positive outcomes are associated with attending schools that have such student organizations. Some research attributes the positive impact to shifts in campus climate resulting from recognition and…

  13. Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA)/Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This S and T product is a culmination of the activities, including research of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) in developing and implementing inspection procedures and the out-of-service criteria for states and tribes to use when inspecting HRCQ and Transuranic shipments of radioactive materials. The report also contains the results of a pilot study to test the procedures

  14. USDA/Regional Dairy Quality Management Alliance (RDQM) Project-2008 Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Regional Dairy Quality Management Alliance (RDQMA) research project has been underway for four years. We have so far been able to study best management practices on three dairy farms in the Northeast. ON these farms very precise data are collected with regard to the health status of the animals ...

  15. The Relationship of Perfectionism, Depression, and Therapeutic Alliance during Treatment for Depression: Latent Difference Score Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, Lance L.; Ho, Moon-Ho Ringo; Zuroff, David C.; Blatt, Sidney J.

    2006-01-01

    The authors examined the longitudinal relationship of patient-rated perfectionism, clinician-rated depression, and observer-rated therapeutic alliance using the latent difference score (LDS) analytic framework. Outpatients involved in the Treatment for Depression Collaborative Research Program completed measures of perfectionism and depression at…

  16. Alliance Approach to the Modeling of Interfaces in Complex Heterogeneous Objects

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Votruba, Z.; Novák, Mirko

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 5 (2010), s. 609-619. ISSN 1210-0552 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA201240701 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : system alliance * interface * dynamics * control * automaton * neural structures * complex objects * heterogeneity * wholes * agents * holons Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory Impact factor: 0.511, year: 2010

  17. First Candle/SIDS Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Blog Buy Form Our Store Blog About FIRST CANDLE PROGRAMS Pregnant and Empowered SPONSORED BY THE BOPPY ... that raise money for research and education. First Candle's Legacy Program can help you set up a ...

  18. The Geoscience Alliance--A National Network for Broadening Participation of Native Americans in the Geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbotten, D. M.; Berthelote, A. R.

    2014-12-01

    The Geoscience Alliance is a national alliance of individuals committed to broadening participation of Native Americans in the geosciences. Native Americans in this case include American Indians, Alaska Natives and people of Native Hawai'ian ancestry. Although they make up a large percentage of the resource managers in the country, they are underrepresented in degrees in the geosciences. The Geoscience Alliance (GA) members are faculty and staff from tribal colleges, universities, and research centers; native elders and community members; industry, agency, and corporate representatives; students (K12, undergraduate, and graduate); formal and informal educators; and other interested individuals. The goals of the Geoscience Alliance are to 1) create new collaborations in support of geoscience education for Native American students, 2) establish a new research agenda aimed at closing gaps in our knowledge on barriers and best practices related to Native American participation in the geosciences, 3) increase participation by Native Americans in setting the national research agenda on issues in the geosciences, and particularly those that impact Native lands, 4) provide a forum to communicate educational opportunities for Native American students in the geosciences, and 5) to understand and respect indigenous traditional knowledge. In this presentation, we look at the disparity between numbers of Native Americans involved in careers related to the geosciences and those who are receiving bachelors or graduate degrees in the geosciences. We address barriers towards degree completion in the geosciences, and look at innovative programs that are addressing those barriers.

  19. Governance Structure of Strategic Alliances - Evidences From the South Moravian Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estélyiová Kristína

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the paper is to explore the governance structure of strategic alliances created by small and medium enterprises in the South Moravian Region. It deeper examines contractual alliances between strategic partners with focus on the contract and also deals with the protection of intellectual property rights in the investigated firms. To gain data for investigation, both primary and secondary research have been applied. Within the former the main data collection methods were the questionnaire survey and semi-structured personal interviews. The overall goal of the paper is to enhance the knowledge about the creation and functioning of strategic alliances in the Czech Republic.This paper is organized in the following way: first of all, the notion of strategic alliance is introduced. Next, the main forms of governance structure are presented in more details. This is followed by the objective and the methods of research. The results present the main findings of the research and discuss them in broader context. The conclusions recall the main findings and reveal the space for further investigation.

  20. Northeast Waste Management Alliance (NEWMA). Annual report FY 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goland, A.N.; Kaplan, E.

    1993-11-01

    Funding was provided to Brookhaven National Laboratory in the fourth quarter of FY93 to establish a regional alliance as defined by Dr. Clyde Frank during his visit to BNL on March 7, 1993. In collaboration with the Long Island Research Institute (LIRI), BNL developed a business plan for the Northeast Waste Management Alliance (NEWMA). Concurrently, informal discussions were initiated with representatives of the waste management industry, and meetings were held with local and state regulatory and governmental personnel to obtain their enthusiasm and involvement. A subcontract to LIRI was written to enable it to formalize interactions with companies offering new waste management technologies selected for their dual value to the DOE and local governments in the Northeast. LIRI was founded to develop and coordinate economic growth via introduction of new technologies. As a not-for-profit institution it is in an ideal position to manage the development of NEWMA through ready access to venture capital and strong interactions with the business community, universities, and BNL. Another subcontract was written with a professor at SUNY/Stony Brook to perform an evaluation of new pyrolitic processes, some of which may be appropriate for development by NEWMA. Independent endorsement of the business plan recently by another organization, GETF, with broad knowledge of DOE/EM-50 objectives, provides a further incentive for moving rapidly to implement the NEWMA strategy. This report describes progress made during the last quarter of FY93.

  1. New Actors and Alliances in Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richey, Lisa Ann; Ponte, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    ‘New actors and alliances in development’ brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars exploring how development financing and interventions are being shaped by a wider and more complex platform of actors than usually considered in the existing literature. The contributors also trace...... governments. Despite the diversity of these actors and alliances, several commonalities arise: they are often based on hybrid transnationalism and diffuse notions of development responsibility; rather than being new per se, they are newly being studied as practices that are now coming to be understood...... as ‘development’; and they are limited in their ability to act as agents of development by their lack of accountability or pro-poor commitment. The articles in this collection point to images and representations as increasingly important in development ‘branding’ and suggest fruitful new ground for critical...

  2. Alliance - a paradigm shift in energy transportation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Key components of the Alliance Pipeline Project were outlined. This joint Canada - U.S. venture consists of a $Can 3.7 billion, producer-driven, high-pressure, rich-gas pipeline from producing fields in western Canada to an interconnection with the North American pipeline grid near Chicago. The initial volume for the system is 1.3 Bcfd, with provision for expansion to 2 Bcfd at minimal cost. The project also includes a $Can 200 million, non-regulated, natural gas liquids extraction plant and delivery system originating near Chicago. Alberta ethane supply and demand for 1995 and supply projections for 2010, (for delivery through the Alliance pipeline?), were also highlighted. 11 figs

  3. Didactics and its Relation to Educational Psychology: Problems in Translating a Key Concept Across Research Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kansanen, Pertti

    2002-11-01

    Didactics, meaning the systematic study of the instructional process, has a long tradition in many European countries. In Anglo-American literature, however, didactics is largely absent. Instead, it is often dealt with under the heading of educational psychology, curriculum theory or some other heading. In this article the author clarifies the distinction between educational psychology and didactics, and argues that didactics is a valuable concept whose absence in the Anglo-American tradition of educational studies is a disadvantage.

  4. The interactive role of working alliance and counselor-client interpersonal behaviors in adolescent substance abuse treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen M. Auerbach

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive study explored the relationship between client and counselor perceptions of the working alliance and the interpersonal relationship dimensions of affiliation and control, and evaluated the relationship of perceptions of the alliance and of client and counselor interpersonal reactions to each other to client outcome after 3-6 months of treatment for substance abuse. Clients were 39 adolescents. Client and counselor ratings of the working alliance (using the Working Alliance Inventory-WAI and interpersonal appraisals of each other (using the Impact Message Inventory Circumplex-IMI-C were obtained during the second week of treatment. Outcome data using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN and the Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS were obtained during the second week of treatment and again after three months and six months of treatment. Interpersonally the predominant impact clients and counselors had on each other was friendliness. For both clients and counselors feelings of affiliation with their counterpart was the relationship dimension most strongly associated with the perception of a working alliance. These findings, and significant associations obtained between WAI and IMI measures and outcome measures, have implications for future research on the role of alliance and interpersonal variables in substance abuse clients¿ response to treatment.

  5. Security Debates and Alliance against Terrorism

    OpenAIRE

    ERDAĞ, Ramazan

    2010-01-01

    This article searches the answer that how security could be defined, what the new security studies are and what can be done against global terrorism and how can be assured peace and stability condition In this context, with new security disputes and perspectives it can be said that security is not an alone issue, it's a collective study and mostly claimed as dilemma. It also can be said that in the new era more international collaboration and alliance are need to supply internationa...

  6. Do International Roaming Alliances Harm Consumers?

    OpenAIRE

    Bühler, Benno

    2009-01-01

    We develop a model of international roaming in which mobile network operators (MNOs) compete both on the wholesale market to sell roaming services to foreign operators and on the retail market for subscribers. The operators own a network infrastructure only in their home country. To allow their subscribers to place or receive calls abroad, they have to buy roaming services provided by foreign MNOs. We show that in absence of international alliances and capacity restrictions, competition betwe...

  7. Cluster as a Form of Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Marzena Godlewska; Elżbieta Weiss

    2007-01-01

    The article presents the theory of clusters that are treated as natural elements of European model of economic development. There are highlighted Polish Forum of Lisbon Strategy point of view that indicated clusters as one of fundamental ideas recommended for Polish economy. In based on literature and observation of articleís authors the concept, examples of Polish clusters and their role in strategic alliance are presented.  

  8. Cluster as a Form of Strategic Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzena Godlewska

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the theory of clusters that are treated as natural elements of European model of economic development. There are highlighted Polish Forum of Lisbon Strategy point of view that indicated clusters as one of fundamental ideas recommended for Polish economy. In based on literature and observation of articles authors the concept, examples of Polish clusters and their role in strategic alliance are presented.

  9. 2. An Alliance in the Making

    OpenAIRE

    Ilias, Fouad

    2011-01-01

    2.1 Lebanon after Syria Just before Syria’s withdrawal, parties and politicians in Lebanon began reviewing their alliances according to the changing political conditions. The numerous opponents to the Syrian role in Lebanon became emboldened by the new Western stance toward Syria and its growing isolation. In addition, former Syrian clients and allies shifted their positions and joined the ranks of those demanding an end to Syrian occupation. This trend grew increasingly stronger after the as...

  10. STRATEGIC ALLIANCES: CREATING LONG TERM SUCCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Whipple, Judith M.; Frankel, Robert

    1999-01-01

    Given today's increasingly competitive environment, firms in every industry are searching for new ways to increase their competitive advantage. Many firms have realized that, due to a variety of different reasons (e.g., fast-paced technological advances), significant performance improvements cannot be achieved alone. As such, the traditional response of performance enhancement through acquisition is no longer the only option. Strategic alliances are a new alternative that enable partnering fi...

  11. Pacific Alliance as Counterpart to MERCOSUR

    OpenAIRE

    Skřička, Vojtěch

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on two integration blocks in Latin America -- the Pacific Alliance and MERCOSUR. The analysis should confirm the hypothesis that the integrated countries converge faster than non-integrated. With use of beta-convergence and sigma-convergence approaches, this hypothesis was rejected for the two Latin American integration groups. It is also supposed that market-led policies should diverge from the protectionist countries in terms of per capita income. However, this hypothesi...

  12. Alliances in User-driven Innovation Projects : A study of the interaction between industry and academia

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this thesis to investigate what characterises the interaction between firms and research institutions forming alliances in User-driven Innovation Projects. User-driven research aimed at promoting innovation is considered an area of priority for the Norwegian Government. One of the main instruments for distributing financial support stimulating increased R&D in business and industry is the User-driven Innovation Project, administered by the Research Council of Norway. Projects i...

  13. Predicting Ecosystem Alliances Using Landscape Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shruti Satsangi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Previous articles in the TIM Review have covered various aspects of the concept of business ecosystems, from the types of ecosystems to keystone strategy, to different member roles and value co-creation. While there is no dearth of suggested best practices that organizations should follow as ecosystem members, it can be difficult to apply these insights into actionable steps for them to take. This is especially true when the ecosystem members already have a prior history of cooperation or competition with each other, as opposed to where a new ecosystem is created. Landscape theory, a political science approach to predicting coalition formation and strategic alliances, can be a useful complement to ecosystems studies by providing a tool to evaluate the best possible alliance options for an organization, given information about itself and the other companies in the system. As shown in the case study of mobile device manufacturers choosing platform providers in the mobile ecosystem, this tool is highly flexible and customizable, with more data providing a more accurate view of the alliances in the ecosystem. At the same time, with even basic parameters, companies can glean significant information about which coalitions will best serve their interest and overall standing within the ecosystem. This article shows the synergies between landscape theory and an ecosystems approach and offers a practical, actionable way in which to analyze individual member benefits.

  14. The clinical partnership as strategic alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novotny, Jeanne M; Donahue, Moreen; Bhalla, Bharat B

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe a renewed partnership between a collegiate school of nursing and a community hospital. Universities and hospitals are searching for creative solutions to increase the number of registered nurses available to meet the demand for nursing care. An affiliation agreement had been in existence for many years, but health care system imperatives made it necessary to redesign the partnership between nursing education and nursing service. The model used to develop this new partnership is based on the work done in the field of management and is in the form of a strategic alliance. The success of a strategic alliance depends on two key factors: the relationship between partners and partnership performance. Identified outcomes show that this partnership is helping to meet the increasing demand for nursing care by building student capacity, satisfying mutual needs of faculty and clinical staff, and removing economic barriers. This article describes the development of the strategic alliance, its current status, and strategies for the future. PMID:15343495

  15. Managing Alliance Between Competing Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Kevin Wen Bo

    2006-01-01

    As the trend toward economic globalization increases, the internationalization of retail companies as become an important topic. Research on the performance outcomes of foreign market entry strategies has been primarily considered from the perspective of global market. In this paper, an Excel based analyses were conducted on both primary and secondary data of 30 foreign retail companies in the Chinese retail market to test a contingency model that testify the influences of selected entry mode...

  16. Strategic alliances for improved performance in underground mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the competitive climate of the modern coal industry continues, it seems clear that only by the intervention of small, highly focused workgroups will new efficiency and economy result in the continuous improvement required to survive and prosper. Strategic Alliances, drawing from known and proven principles, can contribute to efficiency and economy. However, individual attitudes and corporate-cultures often must change to foster the growth of functional Strategic Alliances. Motivating personal change in individuals within prospective Strategic Alliance partners is perhaps the most difficult element about establishing a new Strategic Alliance or maintaining an existing Alliance. Ultimately, Strategic Alliances are not fundamentally about corporations, or executives as leaders, but about individuals throughout the endeavors of both partner-organizations and a shared-vision to achieve a common goal

  17. Cyclical interactions with alliance-specific heterogeneous invasion rates

    OpenAIRE

    Perc, Matjaz; Szolnoki, Attila; Szabo, Gyorgy

    2006-01-01

    We study a six-species Lotka-Volterra type system on different two-dimensional lattices when each species has two superior and two inferior partners. The invasion rates from predator sites to a randomly chosen neighboring prey's site depend on the predator-prey pair, whereby cyclic symmetries within the two three-species defensive alliances are conserved. Monte Carlo simulations reveal an unexpected non-monotonous dependence of alliance survival on the difference of alliance-specific invasion...

  18. Brisa and the CCR Group : a strategic alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Francisco Maria Quintela de Saldanha Cardoso

    2013-01-01

    In 2012, Brisa, a Portuguese road concession company, reviewed their presence in Brazil under a strategic alliance with local partners which had lasted for more than 9 years. The case is based on information gathered in interviews to agents from Brisa present in Brazil and from events that occurred during the course of this alliance. The information includes comments and considerations about the relationship and expectations from the alliance between Brisa and the CCR Group. The interna...

  19. A Novel framework for Strategic Alliance of Knowledge Management Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Suzan Bandar Al mutairi; M. Rizwan Jameel Qureshi

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge is the primary strategic resource of many organizations. Knowledge management system (KMS) is a process of knowledge extraction, storage, transformation, analysis, distribution and deployment. Strategic alliance plays an increasing role to a global scale in technology business competition. Organizations are able to use alliances to respond to new technology and deliver new products more efficiently. The relationship between knowledge management and strategic alliance is identified. ...

  20. IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN COMPANY’S ACTIVITY

    OpenAIRE

    Elena BARANOV

    2013-01-01

    Strategic alliance is an agreement between two or more organizations to cooperate in a specific business activity, so that each benefits from the strengths of the other, and gains competitive advantage. The formation of strategic alliances has been seen as a response to globalization and increasing uncertainty and complexity in the business environment. Strategic alliances involve the sharing of knowledge and expertise between partners as well as the reduction of risk and costs in areas such ...

  1. Need and potential risks of strategic alliances for competing successfully

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina RADU

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In today’s global economy, many companies’ managers consider strategic alliances as a key strategic alternative. Even if it is true that strategic alliances can be a really powerful competitive tool, managers should pay attention to all potential risks before involving in a partnership. This paper aims to address a series of issues that may arise when forming a strategic alliance.

  2. The early impact of therapeutic alliance in brief psychodynamic psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Marcolino José Alvaro Marques; Iacoponi Eduardo

    2003-01-01

    INTRODCTION: Therapeutic alliance is a key component of the psychotherapeutic process. This study estimated the impact of the therapeutic alliance as measured by CALPAS-P in an individual brief psychodynamic psychotherapy program. METHODS: To study the impact of the therapeutic alliance patients in psychotherapy answered to the CALPAS-P at the first and third session and to the Self-report Questionnaire (SRQ-20), to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and to the Hamilton Anxiety Scale at the ...

  3. Persistence of and interrelation between horizontal and vertical technology alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Belderbos, Rene; Gilsing, Victor; Lokshin, Boris

    2009-01-01

    We examine how and to what extent the propensity to be engaged in alliances with different partner types (suppliers, customers and competitors) depends on prior alliance engagement with partner firms of the same type (persistence) and prior engagement in alliances with the other partner types (interrelation). We derive hypotheses from a combined competence and governance view of collaboration, and test these on an extensive panel dataset of innovation-active Dutch firms during 1996-2004. We f...

  4. The dynamics of relational quality in co-development alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Bidault, Francis

    2012-01-01

    Co-development alliances are formed to create new capabilities (technologies, products, services, processes, etc.) that partner organizations need in order to reach their goals. They involve the combination of competencies, and other intangible assets. These alliances typically face a high level of risks in terms of undesired leakages of confidential knowledge or failure to achieve the expected development. Relational quality, an important consideration in all alliances, is particularly key. ...

  5. Possibility of Strategic Alliance from Competition:A Game Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树义; 陈彦茹

    2004-01-01

    The possibility for two competitive firms to form a strategic alliance was quantitatively analyzed with the game theory. The strategic alliance could be formed in an infinitely repeated game with complete information or a finitely repeated game with incomplete information. In the former situation, the discount ratio is important. If the discount ratio is large enough, alliance would be a possible solution. In the latter situation, the bigger the possibility of the rationality is, the more possible is for both firms to make strategic alliance.

  6. Networks of Military Alliances, Wars, and International Trade

    CERN Document Server

    Jackson, Matthew O

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the role of networks of alliances in preventing (multilateral) interstate wars. We first show that, in the absence of international trade, no network of alliances is peaceful and stable. We then show that international trade induces peaceful and stable networks: trade increases the density of alliances so that countries are less vulnerable to attack and also reduces countries' incentives to attack an ally. We present historical data on wars and trade, noting that the dramatic drop in interstate wars since 1950, and accompanying densification and stabilization of alliances, are consistent with the model but not other prominent theories.

  7. Brand Alliance, a Strategy to Enter New Markets and a Tool for Positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Salah Elyas

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Brand alliance has emerged in the last two decades as a form of cooperation between two or more established brand names and has expanded as a business strategy to include both the production/ service sectors. This strategy is taking different forms; the most common one is co-branding which involves associating a single product with more than one brand name. .Another approach to create a brand alliance is brand licensing, in which one business obtains the rights to utilize the brand name owned by another business for a specific project or activity under a licensing agreement or contract. The third common approach is known as cross-marketing, and this implies the creation for a joint marketing campaign which allows two or more companies to promote each other and consequently broaden their prospective consumer bases.Brand alliance may be a short-term tactical partnership to increase awareness in the consumer’s minds, promote sales and provide urgent financial resources, as it may also be a long-term strategic tool for brand growth and development and marketing success. In this sense, relying on a case study which involves a contracted alliance since 2005, between Algeria post foundation and mobiles branch, the researcher will try to demonstrate the advantages of such a strategy for these two operators, as a tool to enlarge the target population, penetrate new markets, strengthen the brand image in the mind of the consumer and reinforce its competitive position.

  8. Multi-Stakeholder Sustainability Alliances in Agri-Food Chains: A theory of Reasoned Action Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Dentoni, D.; Peterson, H.C.

    2011-01-01

    This study provides a definition of Multi-Stakeholder Sustainability Alliances (MSSAs) based on describing the platforms formed and/or joined by the fifty largest food and beverage multinational corporations (MNCs). It develops an inductive framework on how MNCs use MSSAs to effectively signal to their stakeholders that they are sustainable and suggests a set of methods to test the developed framework in future research. Results provide management scholars a research agenda that can be implem...

  9. 78 FR 27974 - Proposed Collection; 60-Day Comment Request: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Alliance for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... Cancer Institute (NCI) Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer Platform Partnership Scientific Progress... Partnerships (CNPP) awarded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The CNPPs are part of the Alliance for... trans-Alliance collaboration, scientific milestones, progress towards clinical translation...

  10. Product market relationships and cost of bank loans: evidence from strategic alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Fang, Yiwei; Francis, Bill; Hasan, Iftekhar; Wang, Haizhi

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of strategic alliances on non-financial firms’ bank loan financing. We construct several measures to capture firms’ alliance activities using the frequency of alliance activities, the prominence of the alliance partner and the relative networking position in the overall alliance network. We find that firms with active alliance involvement experience a lower cost of debt from banks. We also document that allying with a prestigious partner (ie S&P 500 firms) can ...

  11. The parental alliance following divorce: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteside, M F

    1998-01-01

    The empirical literature on the postdivorce parental alliance was reviewed with a focus on implications for clinical interventions by family therapists. Variables of cooperation and conflict between parents, individual parenting style, and personal adjustment were significantly interrelated and a range of co-parenting behaviors related to these variables was documented. A typology of divorcing families can be useful in predicting risks for child difficulties and in developing appropriate parenting plans. Clinical interventions need to be tailored to the unique characteristics and resources of a given family and can speak to multiple points of the family system. PMID:9474521

  12. Representations of Parent-Child Alliances in Children's Family Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leon, Kim; Wallace, Tamar; Rudy, Duane

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between children's representations of parent-child alliances (PCA) and their peer relationship quality, using a new scale that was developed to rate representations of PCA in children's family drawings. The parent-child alliance pattern is characterized by a relationship between parent and…

  13. Therapist effects, working alliance, and African American women substance users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Telsie A; Ancis, Julie R; Ashby, Jeffrey S

    2015-01-01

    African American (AfA) women with substance use disorders experience low rates of treatment retention compared to other groups of substance abusers. This is problematic since substance abuse treatment is effective only to the extent clients are retained. A weak working alliance is a significant barrier to treatment retention for AfA women. Thus, identifying therapist characteristics that facilitate a strong working alliance among this population stands as a promising step toward reducing disparities in treatment retention for this group. Therapist characteristics were explored as predictors of working alliance with AfA women substance users (N = 102). Two hypotheses were tested: (1) Population Sensitive Therapist Characteristics (PSTCs: multicultural competence, egalitarianism, and empowerment) will explain a significant amount of variance in working alliance beyond that explained by general therapist characteristics (GTCs: empathy, regard, and genuineness) and (2) GTCs will partially mediate the effect of each individual PSTC on working alliance. Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that PSTCs explained 12% of the variance in working alliance after controlling for GTCs. Bootstrapping analyses demonstrated that GTCs mediated the effect of each PSTC on working alliance. Findings suggest that therapists can facilitate a stronger working alliance with AfA women substance users through demonstration of PSTCs in addition to GTCs, and that PSTCs are facilitative because they increase the likelihood the therapist is perceived as empathic, having unconditional positive regard, and genuine. Clinical and therapist training implications are discussed. PMID:25111550

  14. Beyond contracts : Governing structures in non-equity alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reuer, Jeffrey; Devarakonda, S.V.

    2012-01-01

    Non-equity alliances are often portrayed in the literature as purely contractual collaborative agreements. This paper questions the notion that contractual safeguards and incentives alone provide the formal governance mechanisms that undergird non-equity alliances. We argue and show that partners cr

  15. The antecedents of response strategies in strategic alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Tjemkes, Brian; Furrer, Olivier

    2014-01-01

    Purpose : Strategic alliances involve uncertainty, interdependence, and vulnerability, which often create adverse situations. This paper seeks to understand how alliance managers respond to these adverse situations by examining the influence of four exchange variables on response strategies. Design/methodology/approach : A scenario-based experiment provides empirical support for a typology consisting of seven conceptually and empirically distinct response strategies: exit, opportunism, aggres...

  16. Exploration of a Contextual Management Framework for Strategic Learning Alliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dealtry, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to take a further step forward in examining those important business factors that will shape the future of best practice in the quality management of internal and external strategic alliances. Design/methodology/approach: The article presents a speculative scenario on the future of strategic alliances in education,…

  17. Strategic Alliances in Education: The Knowledge Engineering Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westera, Wim; van den Herik, Jaap; van de Vrie, Evert

    2004-01-01

    The field of higher education shows a jumble of alliances between fellow institutes. The alliances are strategic in kind and serve an economy-of-scales concept. A large scale is a prerequisite for allocating the budgets for new educational methods and technologies in order to keep the educational services up-to-date. All too often, however,…

  18. In Defense of a Collective Goods Theory of Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Todd Sandler; Jon Cauley; Forbes, John F.

    1980-01-01

    This article defends the collective goods theory of alliances by showing that club theory is an appropriate tool for analyzing allocative issues of alliances from a positive prospective. The article concludes with a demonstration that Oppenheimer made an analytical mistake when he questioned the normative importance of Pareto optimality.

  19. The Alliance Capability of Technology-Based Born Globals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxtorp, Liliya Altshuler; Elg, Ulf

    2015-01-01

    organisational skills that enable the firms to successfully initiate, manage and finish their R&D alliances with MNEs. The in-depth longitudinal methodology adds insight and value to the study. It is discussed how the specific aspects of the alliance capability can help born globals to counteract the challenges...

  20. Anglo-American ‘Traditional Islam’ and Its Discourse of Orthodoxy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Kasper

    contention. Contemporary Traditional Islam’s understanding of Islam is established by reference to the famous ḥadīṯ Jibrīl that speaks of a tripartite structure of the religion consisting of islām, īmān and iḥsān. Through the specification of each of these subfields of revealed knowledge Traditional Islamic......Since the late 1980’s a current or denomination that is often referred to as Traditional Islam has crystallised within the broader landscape of Sunni Islam in the English-speaking world. This analysis sheds light on Traditional Islam’s discourses of orthodoxy and orthopraxis, its historical...... narratives, rhetoric regarding contemporary Islam and how it construes the metastructure of Islam and the Islamic sciences. It is mainly based on essays by Nuh Ha Mim KELLER and Abdul Hakim MURAD and carves out an overview of contemporary Traditional Islam and its central fields of discourse and scholarly...

  1. The bloodhound's nose knows? dogs and detection in Anglo-American culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pemberton, Neil

    2013-12-01

    The figure of the English bloodhound is often portrayed both positively and negatively as an efficient man-hunter. This article traces the cultural, social and forensic functions of the first attempts to use bloodhounds for police investigation, and argues that the analysis of these developments, which took place at the turn of the twentieth century, further our understanding of the diverse practices and cultures of fin de siècle forensics. Arguing that their dogs could trail tracks of human scent, English pedigree bloodhound breeders promoted and imagined novel ways of detecting and thinking forensically, with which they made claims to social authority in matters of crime and detection. Yet, English bloodhounds were unstable carriers of forensic meaning making their use for tracking criminals deeply problematic: for example, the name of the breed itself invoked a long-line of social and cultural associations. In showing this, we can see how the practices of canine forensics had their roots in a complex history, involving genteel leisure, changing cultural understandings of scent, and shifting dog-keeping mores. PMID:23891441

  2. Zen and Writing: Anglo-American Interpretations, Revolutionary Possibilities: A Review Article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hum, Sue

    1996-01-01

    Discusses three books on Zen and writing that (1) question assumptions of Western discourse and literacy practices; (2) offer ideas to help individual writers unearth their creative energy and potential; (3) advocate alternative discursive practices; (4) discuss possibilities of an embodied literacy predicated on kindness and compassion; and (5)…

  3. Changing Formulations of the Man-Environment Relationship in Anglo-American Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeans, D. N.

    1974-01-01

    The following six formulations of the Man-Environment relationship have held successive favor in Geography since the 1900's: Economic Determinism, Possibilism, Cultural Relativism, the Landscape School, Perception of Environment, and Ecological Approach. (JH)

  4. Learning with Literature in the EFL Classroom. Anglo-American Studies. Volume 49

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delanoy, Werner, Ed.; Eisenmann, Maria, Ed.; Matz, Frauke, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    "Learning with Literature in the EFL Classroom" provides a comprehensive, in-depth and state-of-the-art introduction to literature learning in EFL contexts. Paying attention to both theoretical and practical concerns, the study focuses on a wide range of literary genres, different age and ability groups and new topics for literature…

  5. The World Alliance for Patient Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Fletcher

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite enormous strides in our knowledge about quality health services, and the continuously growing interest in the safety of patients among policy makers and clinical leaders, much remains to be done to avoid unintentionally harm occurring in health care. In May 2004, the Fifty-seventh World Health Assembly supported the creation of the World Alliance for Patient Safety which aims to coordinate, spread and accelerate improvements in patient safety worldwide. The Forward Programme 2005 of the World Alliance for Patient safety sets out an important and comprehensive programme of international work in areas such as reporting and learning, patient involvement and safety solutions. The experience of other high risk industries, suggests that patient safety problems are primarily a function of deficiencies in system design, organization and operation. Understanding and improving the design of processes, structures and culture of health care delivery is therefore central to making care safer. A number of core challenges emerge across many European countries including the need to continue to build strong political will and commitment to address patient safety problems, stronger engagement and leadership from health care professionals, and promoting positive cultural changes with health care.

  6. The alliance hypothesis for human friendship.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter DeScioli

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Exploration of the cognitive systems underlying human friendship will be advanced by identifying the evolved functions these systems perform. Here we propose that human friendship is caused, in part, by cognitive mechanisms designed to assemble support groups for potential conflicts. We use game theory to identify computations about friends that can increase performance in multi-agent conflicts. This analysis suggests that people would benefit from: 1 ranking friends, 2 hiding friend-ranking, and 3 ranking friends according to their own position in partners' rankings. These possible tactics motivate the hypotheses that people possess egocentric and allocentric representations of the social world, that people are motivated to conceal this information, and that egocentric friend-ranking is determined by allocentric representations of partners' friend-rankings (more than others' traits. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We report results from three studies that confirm predictions derived from the alliance hypothesis. Our main empirical finding, replicated in three studies, was that people's rankings of their ten closest friends were predicted by their own perceived rank among their partners' other friends. This relationship remained strong after controlling for a variety of factors such as perceived similarity, familiarity, and benefits. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that the alliance hypothesis merits further attention as a candidate explanation for human friendship.

  7. Group Innovation Ability of Agricultural Technological Innovation Strategic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chishun; MA; Jintian; YU

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural technological innovation strategic alliance, as an important form of strategic alliance, has steadily strengthened the collaborative management among organizations and raised competitive power with the backing of improved group innovation ability. This article studies innovation ability from individual innovation ability to the group innovation ability. Firstly, basic connotation of group innovation ability is to be concluded through the comparison of individual and group innovation ability. Secondly, evaluation index system is to be established based on the influencing factors of the group innovation ability of agricultural technological innovation strategic alliance and evaluation is based on three dimensions, namely organization technological innovation ability, alliance collaborative innovation ability as well as innovation environment. Furthermore, basic methods for promoting the group innovation ability of alliance are to be proposed.

  8. The Impact of Obfuscation on Strategic Alliance Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sofka, Wolfgang; de Faria, Pedro; Blettner, Daniela;

    Strategic alliances have become a major instrument for companies to create competitive advantage. Hence, the choice of alliance partners becomes an important but little studied part of firm strategy. In this paper we highlight the role of obfuscation, i.e., the degree to which firms conceal...... alliances. Based on a sample of pharmaceutical and biotech firms, we create a dyad-level panel-dataset of all potential and realized linkages to study firm?s partner choices. We find that, on average, obfuscation decreases alliance formation probability for those firms that lack previous alliance experience...... as a primary signal. This effect is dyadic in nature, i.e., particularly pronounced when experienced firms evaluate un-experienced partners. Our findings have important implications for impression management and perception engineering of firms which are new to industries or markets....

  9. Therapeutic responsiveness as a moment-by-moment process of alliance : development of a conceptual-empirical model and an observational system

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Zita Castorina Ribeiro de

    2011-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em Psicologia (área de conhecimento de Psicologia Clínica) The therapeutic alliance has been referred regularly in literature as a common factor across psychotherapy approaches with consistent associations to psychotherapy outcomes. The current challenge claims for researchers to better understand the specific therapeutic actions and interactions between the client and the therapist that account for the development of alliance. I decided to focus on Therape...

  10. Development of Modes of Cooperation: An Opportunity for Open Innovation Alliances in Polish Biopharmaceutical Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukasz Puslecki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents development of modes of cooperation in biopharmaceutical industry, referring to the latest data from the asap (the Association of Strategic Alliance Professionals. Examples of different modes of cooperation in contemporary economy as well as potential cooperation between academia, institutions and business in the field of biopharmaceutical industry in Poland are discussed. Biopharmaceutical companies try to implement new strategies to transfer their research processes to a higher level, often using open innovation model as an additional tool for developing new products and services. Thanks to the cooperation with universities in the framework of open innovation alliances, through joint work with academic researchers, biopharmaceutical companies are more successful in identifying disease mechanisms, implementation of better medical therapy for patients as well as in development of new drugs.

  11. Strategic alliance for environmental restoration -- An innovative approach to government and industry collaboration for decontamination and decommissioning technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The world's largest environmental cleanup effort is focused upon the DOE weapons complex. These cleanup efforts parallel those which will be required as the commercial nuclear industry reaches the end of licensed life. The Strategic Alliance for Environmental Restoration (Strategic Alliance), reflects the cooperative interest of industry, commercial nuclear utilities, university and national laboratory team members to bring a collaborative best-in-class approach to finding, and providing effective delivery of innovative environmental remediation technologies to the DOE Complex and subsequently to industry. The collaborative team of the Strategic Alliance includes ComEd, Duke Engineering and Services, 3M, ICF Kaiser, Florida International University, Argonne National Laboratory in concert with DOE. The Strategic Alliance approach to technology qualification and deployment provides DOE, through a Cooperative Agreement, with a new way of bringing industry principles to technology research and developed activities. This paper will describe the approach and activities the Strategic Alliance is taking to provide cost effective technology solutions to DOE/Industry needs for decontamination and decommissioning needs

  12. The HIV / AIDS Alliance budgets $23 million for its 3-year plan as "linkman".

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The International Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Alliance, a London based nongovernmental organization (NGO) with a 1994 income of $3.5 million, is funding small organizations in developing countries via locally governed linking organizations, which review applications and provide technical support. The Alliance is headed by Jeff O'Malley, the founding executive director of Harvard's Global AIDS Policy Coalition and executive director of its 1992 "AIDS in the World" report. The result of a Rockefeller Foundation initiative, the Alliance has been operational since the beginning of 1994. 2 years of research, which focused on Mexico, the Ivory Coast, Tanzania, and Egypt, indicated that the ideal funding arrangement was one where a northern NGO funded a southern NGO in a partnership. However, the southern NGOs soon outgrew this relationship. Critics suggest existing networks should be used instead of the new linking organizations. O'Malley cites 2 reasons for this new method of empowering the south: 1) smaller community groups are reached and 2) national debate on AIDS is catalyzed. Research shows that groups on the edge of being considered NGOs have little access to funds; however, they often are in a position to do important work on AIDS prevention and care. After piloting programs in Burkina Faso and the Philippines, the Alliance released a provisional 3-year plan for networks to be established in 14 countries (9 in 1994, 5 in 1995). Linking organizations are being formed in Bangladesh, Ecuador, and Senegal. Pakistan and Sri Lanka will be next. Work ranges from prevention and care to social science research and small scale drug supply. Staff have a variety of backgrounds: health, AIDS, development, the private sector, government, and NGOs. Linking organizations are bound by a Statement of Vision and Values. Whether a new linking organization is established (Philippines) or an existing network used (Bangladesh) varies

  13. The Impact of Royalty Contract Revision in a Multistage Strategic R&D Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Wenqiang Xiao; Yi Xu

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of royalty revision on incentives and profits in a two-stage (research and development (R&D) stage and marketing stage) alliance with a marketer and an innovator. The marketer offers royalty contracts to the innovator. We find that the potential for royalty revision leads to more severe distortions in the optimal initial royalty contracts offered by the marketer. We show that if the innovator plays a significant role in the marketing stage, the marketer shou...

  14. Taking a Strategic Alliance Approach to Enhance M-Commerce Development: Challenges and Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Fang Zhao

    2010-01-01

    Current m-commerce business models show that m-commerce depends on complex networks of business relationships, which often comprise telecommunications service providers, mobile device makers, banking industry, Internet search engine providers, and various third-party value-adding companies. Due to the nature of m-commerce, the key to success in m-commerce lies predominantly in managing a network of alliances. This paper answers research questions, such as why do companies team up for m-commer...

  15. A Preliminary Investigation Of Antecedents To Role Stress In Retail Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Nygaard, A; Dahlstrom, R

    1999-01-01

    This research examines the emergence of role stress in retail alliances. A theoretical model is developed that implicates contractual mechanisms, dedicated assets, and communication modality as antecedent to role conflict and ambiguity. The model is examined via data gathered with 220 managers of dual-branded retail oil outlets in Norway. Results of the examination indicate that role conflict emerges due to specific assets and contractual factors. By contrast, role ambiguity is associated wit...

  16. Grounding trust in inter-organizational alliances: An exploration of trust evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Hatzakis, Tally; Searle, Rosalind

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the role of trust in coordinating teams operating at the interface between multiple functions and organisations in strategic alliances. To understand the issues faced by these teams, we study cognitive & relational factors between partners and focus on the process of trust evolution and risk management in the complex interface between strategic partners. This research examined two coordinating teams. We explore how coordinating teams construed risks in context; the differe...

  17. Virtue in business : Alliance Boots and an empirical exploration of MacIntyre’s conceptual framework,

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper contextualises before summarising a conceptual framework for virtue ethics in organizations that has been developed by drawing upon the work of the moral philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre. Conducting empirical work with this framework is at an embryonic stage and so, having discussed methodological issues, the paper reports on findings from a longitudinal case study-based research project into the private equity owned organization Alliance Boots. It demonstrates the applicability of t...

  18. Alliance Coordination, Dysfunctions, and the Protection of Idiosyncratic Knowledge in Strategic Learning Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    In high technology industries firms use strategic learning alliances to create value that can’t be created alone. While they open their interorganizational membrane to gain new skills and competences, generate new products and services, accelerate development speed, and enter into new markets their idiosyncratic knowledge base may be impaired when knowledge related dysfunctions like the unintended knowledge transfer, asymmetric learning speed or premature closing occur. Within a value approac...

  19. Mutual attention and joint gaze as developmental forerunners of the therapeutic alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Bennett

    2014-12-01

    This paper attempts to integrate child developmental research and early childhood neural-cognitive development within the complexities of the early infant-mother relationship as described by psychoanalytic theory. Accumulating research evidence for the importance of the complex transition from mutual gaze to joint gaze calls into question the origin and analytic significance of the alliance relationship that emerges from the primary relationship between the mother and child. This paper explores the apparently neglected relationship between the respective theories of the therapeutic alliance of Zetzel, Greenson, and Brenner, and the developmental progression from mutual gaze and joint gaze, upon which important aspects of mental and cognitive development rest. Nonblind infants and children rely heavily on the ability to see in order to learn and form representations, while trauma affects these dynamics and perception. This issue is particularly relevant given the high incidence of unresolved childhood trauma in the form of neglect, loss, and abuse in those who seek out therapy. Freud's original conception of developmental phase progression has been unsubstantiated by recent researchers in terms of chronological progression and the receptors through which the infants experience the world. In this paper the author applies specific developmental lenses to this basic conception of the dyadic relationship in psychoanalytic treatment, and will reexamine and redefine both working and therapeutic alliance in the frame of an essential developmental stage of joint visual attention. A clinical example will reveal compromised normal preverbal interactive development, exposing faults in the complex transition from mutual gaze to joint gaze. PMID:25490078

  20. Pumping services alliance: A new strategy for the 90's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shell Canada has forged a pumping services alliance with Nowsco Well Service Ltd. for an initial two year period. The alliance will cover pumping related services such as well cementation, well stimulation, coiled tubing work and, in the future could include other services such as pressure testing, corrosion inhibition treatments, flowline pigging, and pumping pipeline inspection tools. The alliance represents a major challenge in operating philosophy away from a competitive bidding strategy to a new strategy of forging business alliances that afford both parties benefits in a more cooperative mode. The alliance incorporates the service company more into the business of Shell Canada and comprises engineering and operations capability. The perceived benefits such an alliance would bring to the business are identified and the key issues that guided selection are documented. Detailed submissions from four major service companies were received and reviwed in a prequalification stage; final selection was made by a multi-disciplinary team. A joint mission statement was prepared that represented Nowsco's and Shell's vision of the alliance and helped guide the negotiations leading to a contract being struck complete with key result areas and performance measurement criteria. 5 refs

  1. Building alliances to combat nuclear smuggling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Second Line of Defense (SLD) programme cooperates with host countries throughout the world to provide radiation detection systems, including associated communications packages, training and initial maintenance support for land, sea and air international crossing points. These systems have proven their effectiveness. Though there are numerous challenges in providing these systems for operation in a range of cultures and environments, a different set of challenges emerges after installation. These are challenges in ensuring the long term effective operation of the equipment, available trained personnel and the integration of these systems into broader threat reduction efforts. The key to meeting these challenges is building alliances at multiple levels and between multiple players: between SLD and the host government to develop strong sustainability programmes; among different agencies within a country which previously may not have had extensive interactions; regionally among host countries to meet smuggling challenges; between industry and government to improve technical capability; and globally to leverage resources effectively. (author)

  2. Reactive transport models and simulation with ALLIANCES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many chemical processes influence the evolution of nuclear waste storage. As a result, simulations based only upon transport and hydraulic processes fail to describe adequately some industrial scenarios. We need to take into account complex chemical models (mass action laws, kinetics...) which are highly non-linear. In order to simulate the coupling of these chemical reactions with transport, we use a classical Sequential Iterative Approach (SIA), with a fixed point algorithm, within the mainframe of the ALLIANCES platform. This approach allows us to use the various transport and chemical modules available in ALLIANCES, via an operator-splitting method based upon the structure of the chemical system. We present five different applications of reactive transport simulations in the context of nuclear waste storage: 1. A 2D simulation of the lixiviation by rain water of an underground polluted zone high in uranium oxide; 2. The degradation of the steel envelope of a package in contact with clay. Corrosion of the steel creates corrosion products and the altered package becomes a porous medium. We follow the degradation front through kinetic reactions and the coupling with transport; 3. The degradation of a cement-based material by the injection of an aqueous solution of zinc and sulphate ions. In addition to the reactive transport coupling, we take into account in this case the hydraulic retroaction of the porosity variation on the Darcy velocity; 4. The decalcification of a concrete beam in an underground storage structure. In this case, in addition to the reactive transport simulation, we take into account the interaction between chemical degradation and the mechanical forces (cracks...), and the retroactive influence on the structure changes on transport; 5. The degradation of the steel envelope of a package in contact with a clay material under a temperature gradient. In this case the reactive transport simulation is entirely directed by the temperature changes and

  3. Project-level Governance, Monetary Incentives, and Performance in Strategic R&D Alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.N. Ozdemir (Mahmut)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractA growing number of firms rely on strategic R&D alliances to develop new products. In these alliances, firms use various kinds of governance mechanisms for incentive alignment. Project-level governance, i.e., the daily control of alliance activities by firms’ alliance representatives suc

  4. The Effects of Trust in Virtual Strategic-Alliance Performance Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston-Ortiz, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Outsourcing increases supported by technology have led to the formation of virtual strategic partnerships. Historically, 70% to 75% of alliance partnerships fail because members are often competitors outside the alliance network. To address alliance failure, a Delphi Study was conducted to identify the role of trust and alliance performance…

  5. The Relation between Supervisor Self-Disclosure and the Working Alliance among Social Work Students in Field Placement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Clare

    2011-01-01

    The author examined supervisor self-disclosure and the supervisory working alliance with the hope of adding to research-supported techniques in field work supervision. Students enrolled in an MSW program at a large urban university were asked to complete a survey on the frequency and content of their supervisor's self-disclosures and on their…

  6. Dynamics in Inter-Firm Collaboration: The Impact of Alliance Capabilities on Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Willem Ziggers

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study we question the direct relationship between a firm’s alliance capability and alliance performance. We contend that this relationship is mediated through post-information factors such as alliance management and relational quality.Drawing from the Resource Based View a model is presented that explicates these indirect relationships. Partial least squares analysis was used to test three hypotheses, using a sample of Dutch alliance managers responsible for non‐equity alliances in agribusiness and the food industry. Our empirical findings affirm the hypothesized indirect relationships between a firm’s alliance capability and alliance performance.

  7. The Concept of Alliance as an Image and Positioning Instrument for Institutions of Higher Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Alcántar Enríquez

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The present work provides a foundation for the concept of alliance which includes the ability of this to foster the university’s societal position as based on public perception of the institution. Accordingly, the work briefly addresses the development of the university’s collaboration with the productive sector, and emphasizes the need for institutions of higher learning to consider as well, those social sectors (including the government outside the realm of industry or technological expansion. The study concludes by affirming that alliance can become an effective instrument for promoting the university. It is therefore necessary to research the social perception of the university as a means of bolstering its relevance.

  8. Perspective Is Everything: The Predictive Validity of Six Working Alliance Instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Fenton, Lisa R.; Cecero, John J.; Nich, Charla; Frankforter, Tami L.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

    2001-01-01

    The predictive validity of instruments commonly used to measure the therapeutic alliance was evaluated, using 46 sessions drawn from a clinical trial comparing manual-guided therapies for substance use. The California Psychotherapy Alliance Scale, Penn Helping Alliance Rating Scale, Vanderbilt Therapeutic Alliance Scale, and Working Alliance Inventory (Observer, Therapist, and Client versions) were rated for participants receiving either cognitive-behavioral therapy or twelve-step facilitatio...

  9. Project-level Governance, Monetary Incentives, and Performance in Strategic R&D Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Ozdemir, Mahmut

    2011-01-01

    textabstractA growing number of firms rely on strategic R&D alliances to develop new products. In these alliances, firms use various kinds of governance mechanisms for incentive alignment. Project-level governance, i.e., the daily control of alliance activities by firms’ alliance representatives such as steering committee members, alliance managers, and project managers; and, performance-based monetary incentives, i.e., the potential milestone payments tied to the performance of partners, are...

  10. Guidance on setting up learning and action alliances for flood risk and water management

    OpenAIRE

    Blanksby, J.R.; Ashley, R; Newman, R; Kennedy, S

    2013-01-01

    Alliances are formed by individuals and organisations which have common purpose. Membership of alliances is voluntary. Therefore, in order to sustain the membership of an alliance it will be necessary to ensure that the needs and expectations of each and every member are satisfied. In a time of limited financial resources and great demands on the time of those participating in an alliance it is essential that each member sees that the benefits arising from the membership of the alliance outwe...

  11. 不同动机下联盟能力、治理机制与联盟绩效关系的比较%Comparative Analysis of the Correlation between the Alliance Capability, Governance Mechanisms and Alliance Performance under the Different Alliance Motivations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑景丽; 龙勇

    2012-01-01

    As a modern new organization form, strategic alliance has been recognized one of the most rapid and economical approaches for enterprise development. Enterprise alliance capability, governance mechanisms and alli- ance performance have always drawn more and more attention form researchers both within and abroad. Numerous valuable research fruits have yielded. However, previous research has neglected some important alliance elements such as alliance motivations, which might greatly influence enterprise alliance capability, governance mechanisms and alliance performance, especially their interrelation. Through a survey for over 300 senior executives in some firms of ShengZhen, this article uses structural equation model to study the correlation between the alliance capability, governance mechanisms and alliance performance under the different alliance motivation in strategic alliances from an empirical view. The results indicates that the stronger the allied enterprise's capability of constructing cooperation rules, it is more inclined to strengthen the effect of formal governance mechanism but weaken relation governance mechanism in those non - academic resource acquired motivation alliances ; the stronger those enterprise's capability of developing and maintaining their relation, it is more inclined to strengthen both formal governance mechanism and relation governance mechanism, both of them play a positive role in alliance performance. But formal governance mechanism is advantageous of individuality performance realization; relation governance mechanism plays a more important part in integral performance. In academic resource acquired motivation strategic alliances, the stronger the allied enterprise's capability of constructing cooperation rules, it is more inclined to strengthen both formal governance and relation governance; the stronger the allied enterprise's capability of developing and maintaining their relation, it is more inclined to strengthen

  12. Green Non-dyed Textile Innovation Alliance officially launched

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    June 29, the Green Non-dyed Textile Innovation Alliance was officially launched by the China Textile Information Center, Nationa Textile Product Development Center together with China Chemical Fiber Industry Association

  13. A survey on alliances and related parameters in graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henning Fernau

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we show that several graph parameters are known in different areas under completely different names.More specifically, our observations connect signed domination, monopolies, $\\alpha$-domination, $\\alpha$-independence,positive influence domination,and a parameter associated to fast information propagationin networks to parameters related to various notions of global $r$-alliances in graphs.We also propose a new framework, called (global $(D,O$-alliances, not only in order to characterizevarious known variants of alliance and domination parameters, but also to suggest a unifying framework for the study of alliances and domination.Finally, we also give a survey on the mentioned graph parameters, indicating how results transfer due to our observations.

  14. Relationship Management in International Strategic Alliances and networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul

    This chapter discusses relationship management in international strategic alliances and networks, building on and synthesizing parts of the relationship management literature. The chapter provides a model linking three generic relationship management tasks with three levels of management...

  15. The Geoscience Alliance--A National Network for Broadening Participation of Native American/span>s in the Geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbotten, D. M.; Berthelote, A. R.

    2014-12-01

    The Geoscience Alliance is a national alliance of individuals committed to broadening participation of Native Americans in the geosciences. Native Americans in this case include American Indians, Alaska Natives and people of Native Hawai'ian ancestry. Although they make up a large percentage of the resource managers in the country, they are underrepresented in degrees in the geosciences. The Geoscience Alliance (GA) members are faculty and staff from tribal colleges, universities, and research centers; native elders and community members; industry, agency, and corporate representatives; students (K12, undergraduate, and graduate); formal and informal educators; and other interested individuals. The goals of the Geoscience Alliance are to 1) create new collaborations in support of geoscience education for Native American students, 2) establish a new research agenda aimed at closing gaps in our knowledge on barriers and best practices related to Native American participation in the geosciences, 3) increase participation by Native Americans in setting the national research agenda on issues in the geosciences, and particularly those that impact Native lands, 4) provide a forum to communicate educational opportunities for Native American students in the geosciences, and 5) to understand and respect indigenous traditional knowledge. In this presentation, we look at the disparity between numbers of Native Americans involved in careers related to the geosciences and those who are receiving bachelors or graduate degrees in the geosciences. We address barriers towards degree completion in the geosciences, and look at innovative programs that are addressing those barriers.

  16. Annual report 1991 - Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-02-21

    Nineteen ninety-one was a busy and productive year for the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA). This report covers the major programs and activities of the SEA during the fiscal year 1991 (the year ending September 30, 1991), which was the first year of operation. Where warranted, the report highlights some of the events from the last quarter of the calendar year. The SEA is a non-profit consortium of four Historically Black Colleges and Universities. The SEA members are Alabama A&M University (Normal, Alabama); Jackson State University (Jackson, Mississippi); Prairie View A&M University (Prairie View, Texas); and Southern University and A&M College (Baton Rouge, Louisiana). The SEA`s mission is to help increase the number of well-qualified minority scientists for the next century and beyond, and to provide input into the research and development needs of the nation. The SEA collaborates on research projects with government agencies, national laboratories, private foundations, industry and other universities in a broad range of technical areas.

  17. How Power is Lost: Illusions of Alliance Among the Powerful

    OpenAIRE

    Brion, Sebastien

    2010-01-01

    Effective leadership in organizations is predicated not only on technical, but also social competence (Barry & Crant, 2000; Huselid, 1995; Pfeffer & Veiga, 1999; Weick, 1979). Leaders rely heavily on their social interactions and relationships with others to succeed in organizational contexts. As a result, leaders need to be able to establish relationships and alliances to effectively engender acceptance and compliance from others. However, leaders often fail to establish effective alliances...

  18. Is Familiarity a Moderator of Brand/Country Alliances?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Tore; Gabrielsen, Gorm; Jaffe, Eugene D.

    2014-01-01

    intrinsic cues (product attributes) in evaluating products. The question of whether familiarity moderates the country-of-origin (COO) effect is a valid one. In this present paper, we attempt to provide additional evidence as to how familiarity with products, brands and countries moderates consumer...... evaluation of brand/country alliances. Specifically, we concentrate on the brand leveraging process identified by Keller (2003) applied to the effect of familiarity on country/brand alliances....

  19. Alliance: a common factor of psychotherapy modeled by structural theory

    OpenAIRE

    Tschacher, Wolfgang; Haken, Hermann; Kyselo, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    There is broad consensus that the therapeutic alliance constitutes a core common factor for all modalities of psychotherapy. Meta-analyses corroborated that alliance, as it emerges from therapeutic process, is a significant predictor of therapy outcome. Psychotherapy process is traditionally described and explored using two categorically different approaches, the experiential (first-person) perspective and the behavioral (third-person) perspective. We propose to add to this duality a third, s...

  20. Alliance: A common factor of psychotherapy modeled by structural theory

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfgang eTschacher; Hermann eHaken; Miriam eKyselo

    2015-01-01

    There is broad consensus that the therapeutic alliance constitutes a core common factor for all modalities of psychotherapy. Meta-analyses corroborated that alliance, as it emerges from therapeutic process, is a significant predictor of therapy outcome. Psychotherapy process is traditionally described and explored using two categorially different approaches, the experiential (first-person) perspective and the behavioral (third-person) perspective. We propose to add to this duality a third, st...

  1. Rockerne bør takke Liberal Alliance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Andreas Hagedorn

    2014-01-01

    Liberal Alliances Simon Emil Ammitzbøll blæser til kamp mod banderne. Problemet er blot, at han hverken forstår, hvem han kæmper med, eller hvordan kampen kan vindes.......Liberal Alliances Simon Emil Ammitzbøll blæser til kamp mod banderne. Problemet er blot, at han hverken forstår, hvem han kæmper med, eller hvordan kampen kan vindes....

  2. Exploration and Exploitation Fit and Performance in International Strategic Alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard; Gudergan, Siegfried

    2012-01-01

    Exploration and exploitation constitute two separate, potentially conflicting strategic choices for firms engaged in international strategic alliances. Our empirical study challenges the ambidexterity argument and demonstrates that exploration and exploitation are separate (though not necessarily...... significant roles. When the motive is efficiency and downstream market performance, prior experience with the partner instead is beneficial, as are high levels of trust and low levels of cultural distance. These findings have key implications for literature on strategic fit and alliance performance....

  3. A transaction cost approach to strategic alliances in telecommunications

    OpenAIRE

    Camino Blasco, David; Trecu, Juan Ramón

    1996-01-01

    An emerging form of international business organization is the strategic alliance, a species of joint-venture in which an innovator of technology contracts with another firm for the joint exploitation of technology and other assets across a number of national territories. This work will examine international alliances, applying insights from both the transaction cost and foreign investment theories to the telecommunications service industry and asking whether these cooperation agreements are ...

  4. Group Innovation Ability of Agricultural Technological Innovation Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Chishun; Yu, Jintian

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural technological innovation strategic alliance, as an important form of strategic alliance, has steadily strengthened the collaborative management among organizations and raised competitive power with the backing of improved group innovation ability. This article studies innovation ability from individual innovation ability to the group innovation ability. Firstly, basic connotation of group innovation ability is to be concluded through the comparison of individual and group innovat...

  5. Product-bundling and Incentives for Merger and Strategic Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Sue Mialon

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes firms' choice between a merger and a strategic alliance in bundling their product with other complementary products. We consider a framework in which firms can improve profits only from product-bundling. While mixed bundling is not profitable, pure bundling is because pure bundling reduces consumers' choices, and thus softens competition among firms. Firms benefit the most from this reduced competition if they form an alliance. Firms do not gain as much from a merger becau...

  6. Strategic Alliance-Case Study of Lenovo and IBM

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Lili

    2007-01-01

    Strategic alliance gains high popularity in recent decades and has become an increasingly favorable choice for the company that intends to attain a competitive edge over other rivals so as to make a stand in the global market. Facing with the rapid globalization trend and dramatic economic development, it is almost impossible for any companies to develop individually, just as Doz and Hamel (1998) argue that in this new world, networks, coalitions, alliances, and strategic partnerships are not...

  7. A Strategic Analysis of the Oneworld Airline Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Atkinson, Russell M.

    2011-01-01

    Global airline alliances enable member airlines to increase profits. They achieve this by increasing customer willingness to pay and reducing costs. Deep levels of partnerships are required to drive these benefits. The ability for partners to closely integrate is largely dependent on antitrust immunities being granted by regulators, which enable joint venture partnerships. The Oneworld alliance is poised to capitalize on a recent decision by the United States Department of Transportation and ...

  8. Airline strategic alliances in overlapping Markets: Should policymakers be concerned?

    OpenAIRE

    Gayle, Philip; Brown, Dave

    2015-01-01

    When there is significant overlap in potential partner airlines' route networks, policymakers have expressed concern that an alliance between such airlines may facilitate collusion on price and/or service levels in the partners' overlapping markets. The contribution of our paper is to put together a structural econometric model that is able to explicitly disentangle the demand and supply effects associated with an alliance between such airlines. The estimates from our structural econometric...

  9. Alliance: A common factor of psychotherapy modeled by structural theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang eTschacher

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available There is broad consensus that the therapeutic alliance constitutes a core common factor for all modalities of psychotherapy. Meta-analyses corroborated that alliance, as it emerges from therapeutic process, is a significant predictor of therapy outcome. Psychotherapy process is traditionally described and explored using two categorially different approaches, the experiential (first-person perspective and the behavioral (third-person perspective. We propose to add to this duality a third, structural approach. Dynamical systems theory and synergetics on the one hand and enactivist theory on the other together can provide this structural approach, which contributes in specific ways to a clarification of the alliance factor. Systems theory offers concepts and tools for the modeling of the individual self and, building on this, of alliance processes. In the enactive perspective, the self is conceived as a socially enacted autonomous system that strives to maintain identity by observing a two-fold goal: to exist as an individual self in its own right (distinction while also being open to others (participation. Using this conceptualization, we formalized the therapeutic alliance as a phase space whose potential minima (attractors can be shifted by the therapist to approximate therapy goals. This mathematical formalization is derived from probability theory and synergetics. Our conclusions say that structural theory provides powerful tools for the modeling of how therapeutic change is staged by the formation, utilization, and dissolution of the therapeutic alliance. In addition, we point out novel testable hypotheses and future applications.

  10. History and structure of Japan-US nuclear alliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Japan-US nuclear alliance' for civil use of nuclear energy was used here as technical term for the state Japanese commercial power plants were all water-cooled reactors under the US nuclear engineering umbrella and US admitted Japanese development of all 'SNT: sensitive nuclear technology' in the area of nuclear fuel cycle. 'Japan-US alliance' was used for various areas closely related with national security while 'Japan-US nuclear weapon alliance' was for military use of nuclear energy such as nuclear weapon (transport methods included) and counter weapon system. Military and civil use of nuclear energy relied fundamentally on common technical bases and especially nuclear fuel cycle related technologies were directly connected to both uses and called 'SNT'. Japanese nuclear policy sticking to SNT might come from the axiom: nuclear engineering for national security, that meant Japan refrained from nuclear arms but maintained technical and industrial potential of nuclear arms. This could be called 'nuclear arms standby strategy' and derived from compromise of both countries to play role of stabilizer of 'Japan-US alliance'. History of Japanese nuclear power development could be well understood as formation process of 'Japan-US nuclear alliance'. If Fukushima Daiichi accident forced nuclear power to phase out, nuclear fuel cycle would be obliged to terminate. This meant failure of the axiom and dissolution of 'Japan-US nuclear alliance'. (T. Tanaka)

  11. Avoiding emotional bonds: An examination of the dimensions of therapeutic alliance among cannabis users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison eHealey

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing need to provide treatment for cannabis users, yet engaging and maintaining this population in treatment is particularly difficult. Although past research has focused on the importance of therapeutic alliance on drug treatment outcomes, this is the first study to examine the dimensions of therapeutic alliance for cannabis users compared with users of alcohol or other drugs in a naturalistic setting. The acceptability of Internet-delivered interventions for drug and alcohol treatments is also investigated. Participants (N = 77 included clients who were receiving outpatient drug and alcohol treatment at a publicly-funded health service, including a Specialist Cannabis Clinic. The results indicated that one particular domain of alliance, Bond, was consistently lower, from both client and clinician perspectives, for current cannabis users relative to those not currently using cannabis. Client perceptions of Bond decreased as the severity of cannabis use increased (r =-0.373, p=0.02. Cannabis Clinic clients did not report a significantly lower Bond with their clinicians, suggesting that specialised cannabis services may be better placed to provide appropriate treatment for this population than embedding cannabis treatment within traditional drug and alcohol treatment teams. In addition, Internet/computer based treatments may be one potential way to engage, transition or retain cannabis users in treatment.Trial Registration: Australian Clinical Trial Registration Number: ACTRN12611000382976

  12. Strategic information technology alliances for effective health-care supply chain management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Stephen C; Rivers, Patrick A; Hsu, H Y Sonya

    2009-08-01

    To gain and sustain competitive advantage, health-care providers have to continuously review and renovate their operational and information technology (IT) strategies through collaborative and cooperative endeavour with their supply chain channel members. This paper explores new ways of enhancing a health-care organization's responsiveness to changes and increasing its competitiveness through implementing strategic information technology alliances among channel members in a health-care supply chain network. An overview of issues and problems (e.g. bullwhip effect, negative externalities and free-riding phenomenon in multichannel supply chains) presented in the health-care supply chains is first delineated. This paper further goes over the issues of health-care supply chain coordination and integration for strategic IT alliances, followed by the discussion of the spillover effect of IT investments. A number of viable IT practices (such as information sharing and Internet-enabled supply chain portal) for effective health-care supply chain collaboration and coordination are then examined in this research. Finally, the paper discusses how strategic IT alliances can help improve the effectiveness of health-care supply chain management. PMID:19633183

  13. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 68: Who is Managing Knowledge? The Implications for Knowledge Production and Management of Global Strategic Alliances in Knowledge Dependent Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golich, Vicki L.; Pinelli, Thomas

    1998-01-01

    Knowledge is the foundation upon which researchers build as they innovate. Innovation lies at the core of a state's or a firm's ability to survive in a competitive world. Indeed, some economic historians ever that technological innovation, not trade, is the engine to economic growth. Despite the centrality of knowledge to corporate success, analysts have only recently shown an interest in the "knowledge capital" or "intellectual capital" of the firm, often literally trying to assign a value to this resource.

  14. Child, caregiver, and therapist perspectives on therapeutic alliance in usual care child psychotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Accurso, Erin C.; Garland, Ann F.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the temporal stability and cross-informant agreement on multiple perspectives of child and caregiver alliance with therapists in usual care psychotherapy. Baseline predictors of alliance were also examined. Children with disruptive behavior problems (n=209) and their caregivers were followed for up to 16 months after initiating psychotherapy at a community-based clinic. Alliance was rated by children, caregivers, and therapists every four months for as long as families participated in treatment. Repeated-measures analyses using linear mixed models with random intercepts were conducted to determine whether child and caregiver alliance differed across time, as well to examine factors associated with each perspective on alliance. Intraclass correlations (ICCs) between child, caregiver, and therapist reports of alliance were also examined. Alliance was rated relatively high overall across perspectives. Clients (children and caregivers) tended to report the strongest and most stable alliance, while therapists reported the weakest alliance and perceived deteriorations in child alliance over time. Inter-informant agreement was variable for child and caregiver alliance; agreement was moderate between clients and therapists. Several predictors of alliance emerged, including child gender, anxiety diagnosis, caregiver race/ethnicity, and therapist experience. This study provides methodological information about reports of therapeutic alliance across time and informants that can inform current efforts to understand the alliance-outcome association. PMID:25314097

  15. ASC Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program Verification and Validation Whitepaper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, R; Graziani, F; Trucano, T

    2006-03-31

    The purpose of this whitepaper is to provide a framework for understanding the role that verification and validation (V&V) are expected to play in successful ASC Predictive Science Academic Alliance (PSAA) Centers and projects. V&V have been emphasized in the recent specification of the PSAA (NNSA, 2006): (1) The resulting simulation models lend themselves to practical verification and validation methodologies and strategies that should include the integrated use of experimental and/or observational data as a key part of model and sub-model validation, as well as demonstrations of numerical convergence and accuracy for code verification. (2) Verification, validation and prediction methodologies and results must be much more strongly emphasized as research topics and demonstrated via the proposed simulations. (3) It is mandatory that proposals address the following two topics: (a) Predictability in science & engineering; and (b) Verification & validation strategies for large-scale simulations, including quantification of uncertainty and numerical convergence. We especially call attention to the explicit coupling of computational predictability and V&V in the third bullet above. In this whitepaper we emphasize this coupling, and provide concentrated guidance for addressing item 2. The whitepaper has two main components. First, we provide a brief and high-level tutorial on V&V that emphasizes critical elements of the program. Second, we state a set of V&V-related requirements that successful PSAA proposals must address.

  16. Alliance for Computational Science Collaboration HBCU Partnership at Fisk University. Final Report 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, W. E.

    2004-08-16

    Computational Science plays a big role in research and development in mathematics, science, engineering and biomedical disciplines. The Alliance for Computational Science Collaboration (ACSC) has the goal of training African-American and other minority scientists in the computational science field for eventual employment with the Department of Energy (DOE). The involvements of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) in the Alliance provide avenues for producing future DOE African-American scientists. Fisk University has been participating in this program through grants from the DOE. The DOE grant supported computational science activities at Fisk University. The research areas included energy related projects, distributed computing, visualization of scientific systems and biomedical computing. Students' involvement in computational science research included undergraduate summer research at Oak Ridge National Lab, on-campus research involving the participation of undergraduates, participation of undergraduate and faculty members in workshops, and mentoring of students. These activities enhanced research and education in computational science, thereby adding to Fisk University's spectrum of research and educational capabilities. Among the successes of the computational science activities are the acceptance of three undergraduate students to graduate schools with full scholarships beginning fall 2002 (one for master degree program and two for Doctoral degree program).

  17. The Relational View of Interorganizational Competitive Advantage:Case Study on a Strategic R&D Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Yimei; Zhang, Si; Li, Jizhen

    2012-01-01

    Collaborating with external partners on R&D and forming strategic partnership for R&D have been popular phenomena for long, which leads new development in existing theories. Though the relational view of competitive advantage has been proposed for more than a decade, few in-depth empirical researches are down within this field, especially case study on R&D strategic alliance from this perspective. On the other hand, when researching on Danish transnational corporations’ R&D in...

  18. A renewed Medication Adherence Alliance call to action: harnessing momentum to address medication nonadherence in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Zullig, Leah

    2016-01-01

    Leah L Zullig,1,2 Bradi B Granger,3 Hayden B Bosworth,1–4 On behalf of the Medication Adherence Alliance 1Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 2Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University, 3Duke Heart Center Nursing Research Program, School of Nursing, Duke University, 4Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA The problem: Nonadherence to prescript...

  19. Computing global offensive alliances in Cartesian product graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Yero, Ismael G

    2012-01-01

    A global offensive alliance in a graph $G$ is a set $S$ of vertices with the property that every vertex not belonging to $S$ has at least one more neighbor in $S$ than it has outside of $S$. The global offensive alliance number of $G$, $\\gamma_o(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of a global offensive alliance in $G$. A set $S$ of vertices of a graph $G$ is a dominating set for $G$ if every vertex not belonging to $S$ has at least one neighbor in $S$. The domination number of $G$, $\\gamma(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of a dominating set of $G$. In this work we obtain closed formulas for the global offensive alliance number of several families of Cartesian product graphs, we also prove that $\\gamma_o(G\\square H)\\ge \\frac{\\gamma(G)\\gamma_o(H)}{2}$ for any graphs $G$ and $H$ and we show that if $G$ has an efficient dominating set, then $\\gamma_o(G\\square H)\\ge \\gamma(G)\\gamma_o(H).$ Moreover, we present a Vizing-like conjecture for the global offensive alliance number and we prove it for several families of grap...

  20. Therapeutic alliance and binge-eating outcomes in a group therapy context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasca, Giorgio A; Compare, Angelo; Zarbo, Cristina; Brugnera, Agostino

    2016-07-01

    The therapeutic alliance in individual and group psychotherapy is associated with treatment outcomes for a variety of disorders. However, debate persists about the centrality of the alliance in determining positive outcomes. We examined the alliance-outcome relationship across 20 sessions of emotionally focused group therapy (EFGT) for binge-eating disorder (BED). We hypothesized that (1) previous session alliance increase will predict lower subsequent session binge eating level while controlling for previous session binge eating level; and (2) previous session binge eating decline will predict higher subsequent session alliance level while controlling previous session alliance level. Participants were 118 individuals with BED who received 20 sessions of EFGT in 8 groups. Levels of binge eating and therapeutic alliance to the therapist were measured weekly. Linear growth in alliance during group therapy was associated with reduced binge eating at 6 months' posttreatment. We also found that the group's and the individual's alliance scores and binge-eating episodes were significantly associated across treatment, suggesting a mutual influence of the group's and individual's experience of the alliance with the therapist. Regarding the first hypothesis, previous session alliance increase was significantly associated with lower subsequent session binge eating. Regarding the second hypothesis, previous session binge-eating decline was not significantly related to higher subsequent session alliance. The findings provide evidence in a group therapy context for a model in which alliance change influences subsequent symptom levels, but not the other way around. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27182894

  1. Erratum to: Courses of helping alliance in the treatment of people with severe mental illness in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vecchio, Valeria Del; Puschner, Bernd; Arnold, Katrin; Ay, Esra; Becker, Thomas; Konrad, Jana; Neumann, Petra; Loos, Sabine; Zentner, Nadja; Slade, Mike; Clarke, Elly; Jordan, Harriet; Maj, Mario; Fiorillo, Andrea; Giacco, Domenico; Luciano, Mario; De Rosa, Corrado; Sampogna, Gaia; Del Vecchio, Valeria; Cozzolino, Pasquale; Del Vecchio, Heide Gret; Salzano, Antonio; Egerhazi, Aniko; Ivanka, Tibor; Nagy, Marietta; Berecz, Roland; Glaub, Teodora; Süveges, Agnes; Kovacs, Attila; Magyar, Erzsebet; Munk-Jørgensen, Povl; Krogsgaard Bording, Malene; Sørensen, Helle Østermark; Larsen, Jens Ivar; Kawohl, Wolfram; Bär, Arlette; Rössler, Wulf; Krömer, Susanne; Mutschler, Jochen; Obermann, Caitriona

    2015-01-01

    of life. CONCLUSIONS: Results support findings from psychotherapy research about a predominantly stable course of the helping alliance in patients with severe mental illness over time. Implications for research and practice indicate to turn the attention to subgroups with noticeable courses.......PURPOSE: The helping alliance (HA) between patient and therapist has been studied in detail in psychotherapy research, but less is known about the HA in long-term community mental health care. The aim of this study was to identify typical courses of the HA and their predictors in a sample of people...... with severe mental illness across Europe over a measurement period of one year. METHODS: Self-ratings of the HA by 588 people with severe mental illness who participated in a multicentre European study (CEDAR; ISRCTN75841675) were examined using latent class analysis. RESULTS: Four main patterns of...

  2. The Effects of Strategic Alliance Membership on the Disadvantages of Electronic Commerce Adoption: A Comparative Study of Swedish and Australian Regional Small Businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Robert C. MacGregor; Lejla Vrazalic

    2005-01-01

    Despite the proclaimed advantages of small business strategic alliances, little research has been carried out to determine whether these structures “cushion†the disadvantages arising from e-commerce adoption for member businesses. There has also been a lack of research into comparing e-commerce use in those small businesses that are members of a strategic alliance to those that have opted to remain outside such arrangements. This article aims to correct the situation by presenting the fin...

  3. 76 FR 35000 - Award of an Urgent Single-Source Grant to Heartland Alliance, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ..., Bi- Sexual and Transgender (LGBT) refugee cases to Heartland Alliance, Chicago, IL, for a total of... delivery, specifically targeted at assisting newly arriving LGBT refugees. Heartland Alliance will have...

  4. Best intentions: Lessons learned on international partnering and alliance contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although the energy industry is still in the early stages of partnering and alliancing, there is enough accumulated experience to be worth sharing information on what has worked and what has not. This paper explores the lessons learned in six agreements in the UK, the US, and the Middle East. It concludes that not all projects are potential candidates for partnering or alliances. Those likely to be successful will contain common characteristics of complexity, uncertainty, technology and duration. Management structure is moving towards integrated teams, although projects currently fall along a broad spectrum before becoming truly integrated. The risk/reward structure is becoming more complex over time, although it is unclear that tinkering with percentage sharing schemes will actually change the behavior of project participants and result in additional cost savings. The use of team building techniques and facilitators may well enhance the alliance implementation, but the choice of both company and individual members is fundamental to success. The overriding success factor, however, is the setting of fair and achievable targets. All of the managers surveyed stated that their projects benefited from the use of a partnering or alliance structure. Three of the projects were far enough along to cite significant cost savings. Although some in the industry are still doubtful that alliances can make a true difference to a project's outcome, those who have participated are convinced they have achieved results which would have been unattainable in a traditional structure. They would add, however, that partnering and alliancing is not easy, and not for all projects. The industry must share practical information if significant learning is to occur

  5. Understanding the working alliance with clients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyer, Laura; O'Halloran, Mary Sean; Christoe-Frazier, Liesel

    2016-01-01

    The therapeutic working alliance is a vital ingredient of psychotherapy, specifically for clients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, as progress is often slow and treatment difficult. This qualitative phenomenological study investigated the experiences of eight clients with anorexia nervosa and seven therapists who work with this population, regarding which therapist factors aided in and challenged the working alliance formation in individual psychotherapy. Data was gathered through semi-structured interviews. Some helpful therapist factors included collaboration, appropriate self-disclosure, providing a warm and safe environment, and willingness to be contacted outside of a session. Unhelpful factors included lack of attunement and objectivity and failure to individualize treatment. PMID:25879137

  6. Partner Selection for Strategic Alliance in Networked Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENYou-ping; YINYong; ZHOUZu-de

    2004-01-01

    Networked Manufacturing is the trend evolution for manufacture enterprise to gain core competence in the networked economy environment. In this paper, the definition of the strategic alliance is introduced and its life cycle is described. As the selection of suitable partners is of vital importance to the success for strategic alliance in Networked Manufacturing environment, also in this paper, the definition, criteria and process for partner selection are introduced. Then the fuzzy-AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method, as a fuzzy extension of analytic hierarchical approach for partner selection, is given. In the end, a case study is provided.

  7. The HISH-alliance and the Arab spring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dandan, Salem Ben Souhail

    terms of relative strength, as being essential in understanding the alliance. It then goes on to look at what the Arab-spring has so far meant for the different actors and how this has impacted the alliance. It is argued that the ability of the non-state armed entities, Hezbollah and Hamas, to...... within the global community, due to the current systemic situation and the Arab-spring. In short, the paper aims to establish a correlation between the international and regional changes, the newly found autonomy of the non-state entities and the decreasing capabilities of the states, in order to...

  8. Brand alliance. Building block for scientific organisations´ marketing strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Joern Redler

    2016-01-01

    This paper addresses management issues of brand alliances as part of a scientific organisation´s marketing strategy. Though brand alliances have become quite popular with consumer products they seem to be exceptions in the marketing context of academic or scientific organisations. Against this background, the paper develops a brand alliance approach considering requirements of strategically marketing scientific organisations. As a starting point, brand alliances are discussed as a sub-categor...

  9. Client attachment security predicts alliance in a randomized controlled trial of two psychotherapies for bulimia nervosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folke, Sofie; Daniel, Sarah Ingrid Franksdatter; Poulsen, Stig Bernt;

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study investigated the relation between clients’ attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance in two psychotherapies for bulimia nervosa. Method: Data derive from a randomized clinical trial comparing cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychoanalytic psychotherapy for bulimia...... interaction whereby dismissing clients would develop weaker alliances in psychoanalytic psychotherapy and preoccupied clients would develop weaker alliances in cognitive-behavioral therapy. Conclusions: As the first study to examine client attachment and therapeutic alliance using observer-based instruments...

  10. Game Theory Study on Distributors' Alliance to Gain Competitive Advantage in Marketing Channel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Shi-ying; CHEN Jie; WANG Fang-hua

    2005-01-01

    Using the Cournot Game Model, this paper has analyzed the motivation of the distributors' alliance to gain competitive advantage in marketing channel. At first, this paper separately analyzed the advantage of alliance in the situation of oneshort game and infinitely repeated game, then, based on the analysis of distributors' betrayal of the alliance under infinitely repeated game, the conditions to maintain the distributors alliance are put forward and discussed.

  11. Early Therapeutic Alliance and Treatment Outcome in Individual and Family Therapy for Adolescent Behavior Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Hogue, Aaron; Dauber, Sarah; Faw Stambaugh, Leyla; Cecero, John J.; Liddle, Howard A.

    2006-01-01

    The impact of early therapeutic alliance was examined in 100 clients receiving either individual cognitive– behavioral therapy (CBT) or family therapy for adolescent substance abuse. Observational ratings of adolescent alliance in CBT and adolescent and parent alliance in family therapy were used to predict treatment retention (in CBT only) and outcome (drug use, externalizing, and internalizing symptoms in both conditions) at post and 6-month follow-up. There were no alliance effects in CBT....

  12. Beyond the north-south divide. The geography of strategic alliances in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Simona De Rosa; Filippo Randelli; Luca Salvati

    2014-01-01

    Strategic alliances are considered to be a way for private sector firms to fill production gaps and to improve performance through collaboration with partners. The creation of such alliances is indeed shown to increase the competitiveness of firms in national and international frameworks. Recently, such alliances have also been seen as one response of small and medium enterprises to the global economic crisis. This study aims to analyse the dynamics of recent Italian strategic alliances of th...

  13. Determinants of Success in International Strategic Alliances: Evidence from the Global Aerospace Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Dussauge; Bernard Garrette

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study linking the performance of international joint ventures and alliances set up in the global aerospace industry to their strategic and organizational features. In a first stage, an empirically based taxonomy of the observed alliances is generated. Then, the economic performance of various types of alliances is evaluated on the basis of industry expert opinions, and the difference in performance of different alliance types is tested.© 1995 JIBS. Journal...

  14. Technological strategic alliances and performance : the mediating effect of knowledge-based competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Camisón Zornoza, César; Boronat Navarro, Montserrat; Villar López, Ana

    2010-01-01

    This study provides an empirical evidence of the relationship that exists between participation in technological strategic alliances and business performance by considering the knowledge-based distinctive competencies that the alliance is capable of generating as a mediating variable. The generation of knowledge in technological strategic alliances explains the contradictory results in the literature about the direct effect of strategic alliances on economic performance. The study uses a samp...

  15. Dynamics in Inter-Firm Collaboration: The Impact of Alliance Capabilities on Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Gerrit Willem Ziggers; Brian Tjemkes

    2007-01-01

    In this study we question the direct relationship between a firm’s alliance capability and alliance performance. We contend that this relationship is mediated through post-information factors such as alliance management and relational quality.Drawing from the Resource Based View a model is presented that explicates these indirect relationships. Partial least squares analysis was used to test three hypotheses, using a sample of Dutch alliance managers responsible for non‐equity alli...

  16. The value of cooperation : Studies on the performance outcomes of interorganizational alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cunha, P.A.M.F.V.

    2005-01-01

    Strategic alliances have gradually emerged over the last decades as a primary vehicle for corporate growth. Firms increasingly use strategic alliances to enter new markets, develop new products and obtain access to relevant knowledge and technological capabilities. Hoewever, while alliances can prom

  17. 75 FR 78799 - Noise Compatibility Program Notice, Fort Worth Alliance Airport, Fort Worth, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Noise Compatibility Program Notice, Fort Worth Alliance Airport, Fort... 5, 2009. On December 1, 2010, the FAA approved the Fort Worth Alliance Airport noise compatibility... Date: The effective date of the FAA's approval of the Fort Worth Alliance Airport noise...

  18. Strategic Alliances between Chinese and Foreign Universities: Was a Staggered Form of Entry Used?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Mike

    2001-01-01

    Explored whether foreign universities moved through levels of alliance with China as a form of staggered market entry. Found almost no movement between levels of alliance, and that high levels of commitment were required at all levels to make an alliance successful. This indicates that foreign universities should be careful to establish alliances…

  19. Examining Supervisor and Supervisee Agreement on Alliance: Is Shame a Factor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilodeau, Cynthia; Savard, Reginald; Lecomte, Conrad

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the agreement of 31 supervisee-supervisor pairs on perceived strength of working alliance throughout 5 supervision sessions and on whether the alliance differed significantly in relation to supervisee shame-proneness. The Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory (Trainee and Supervisor versions) was used to measure the working…

  20. Matching food service products to consumer demands through product development alliances and modularisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Johanne Rønnow

    2009-01-01

    An increasing number of meals are being consumed outside the home, and a new, interesting market for food producers are therefore emerging. However, meeting consumers’ demands, among others for quality, can represent a challenge, especially because producers are typically not involved in the comp......An increasing number of meals are being consumed outside the home, and a new, interesting market for food producers are therefore emerging. However, meeting consumers’ demands, among others for quality, can represent a challenge, especially because producers are typically not involved...... in the composition of meal solutions and, therefore cannot control all processing steps and interactions with other meal components. In this project, it is proposed that cooperation between food producers on product development (product development alliances) in relation to meal solutions can improve the quality...... three research questions each relates to one of the main research areas quality, product development alliances and modularisation, and are partially answered through published, peer-reviewed papers. The final research question facilitates a discussion of the collective findings and perspectives...

  1. Supporting Early Childhood Environmental Education through the Natural Start Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrick, Christy; Braus, Judy

    2013-01-01

    The Natural Start Alliance is a new initiative of the North American Association for Environmental Education. Natural Start was created to support and expand early childhood environmental education (ECEE) by creating a network of organizations, educators, parents, and others who care about using environmental education to support young children's…

  2. Management of strategic coopetition among partners within international airline alliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Himpel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: International network-carriers span the globe by linking airports on all five continents. At the core of those networks are hub-airports that serve as the centers for (inter-national in- and outbound traffic flows. From a business model point of view, the major international carriers are so-called network-carriers, for their core concept is based on transfer-oriented hub-and-spoke-systems. In order to maximize revenue streams of network-carriers, changes in strategic slot allocation and strategic net planning are becoming increasingly relevant. The aim of this work was to analyze the impact of various elements of the management of strategic coopetition among partners within international airline alliances on the revenues obtained by individual partners. Methods: the problems related to the optimization of strategic slot allocation and strategic net planning from the point of view of the individual profit shared and added net contribution margins were discussed. Results and conclusions: Two extreme scenarios may be projected. The first one is that partners within a given alliance system may start to increase merger and acquisition activities. Thereby scale effects may be utilized. The other one is, when rivalry becomes too dominant over time, some partners may (have to exit alliance systems. Thereby "atomic" subsystems may be on the rebound. Strategic coopetition management is aimed to keep leading international network carriers "on track" in the field of alliance management of that nature.

  3. Social Scientists Can Benefit from Alliance for Excellence Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senese, Donald J.

    1987-01-01

    Contends that the "Alliance for Excellence: Librarians Respond to a Nation at Risk" report contains information which can be useful for improving social studies instruction. Denotes special attention to the need for quality elementary and secondary school library services and suggests social studies teachers can recommend current materials to the…

  4. Abstracts of 3. congress of global anti-nuclear alliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 3 congress of global anti-nuclear alliance was held on 18-20 May, 2000 in Astana. There were 55 reports on different aspects of nuclear disarmament; nuclear safeguards; safe operation of nuclear power plants; rehabilitation of population and lands, damaged from many-years tests in Semipalatinsk site; radiobiological monitoring of ecosystems and others presented at the congress

  5. Alliances in the Dutch BeweegKuur lifestyle intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartog-van den Esker, den F.G.; Wagemakers, A.; Vaandrager, L.; Dijk, van M.; Koelen, M.A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: BeweegKuur (Exercise Therapy) is a Dutch lifestyle programme in which participants are referred by a general practitioner (GP) to a lifestyle advisor. To support participants, regional and local alliances are established. The present study explored the successes and challenges associated

  6. Advisory Working Alliance, Perceived English Proficiency, and Acculturative Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Meifen; Tsai, Pei-Chun; Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Du, Yi; Lin, Shu-Ping

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the moderators of (a) general or cross-cultural advisory working alliances and (b) perceived English proficiency on the association between acculturative stress and psychological distress. A total of 143 East Asian international students completed an online survey. Results from a hierarchical regression…

  7. Corporate Developments and Strategic Alliances in E-Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Thomas; Hermens, Antoine

    2001-01-01

    Describes the emergence of corporate universities and strategic alliances among universities, electronic learning companies, and technology companies that are providing online delivery of interactive education and training. Outlines characteristics of comprehensive electronic learning and cautions against the use of new technologies to deliver…

  8. Equity Versus Non-Equity International Strategic Alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Globerman, Steven; Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    A substantial literature has evolved focusing on the ownership structure of international strategic alliances (ISAs). Most of the relevant studies are theoretical in nature and concentrate on the conceptual factors that influence the choice between equity and non-equity structures. A smaller number...

  9. Noble Women and Broken Alliances in Late Byzantium

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Melichar, Petra

    2015. [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo (US), 14.05.2015 - 17.05.2015] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-08304P Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : empresses * late Byzantium * alliance Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. Striving for Empathy: Affinities, Alliances and Peer Sexuality Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Jessica; Copp, Martha

    2015-01-01

    Peer sexuality educators' accounts of their work reveal two approaches to empathy with their students: affinity and alliance. "Affinity-based empathy" rests on the idea that the more commonalities sexuality educators and students share (or perceive they share), the more they will be able to empathise with one another, while…

  11. Dynamics of alliance formation and the egalitarian revolution.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Gavrilets

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Arguably the most influential force in human history is the formation of social coalitions and alliances (i.e., long-lasting coalitions and their impact on individual power. Understanding the dynamics of alliance formation and its consequences for biological, social, and cultural evolution is a formidable theoretical challenge. In most great ape species, coalitions occur at individual and group levels and among both kin and non-kin. Nonetheless, ape societies remain essentially hierarchical, and coalitions rarely weaken social inequality. In contrast, human hunter-gatherers show a remarkable tendency to egalitarianism, and human coalitions and alliances occur not only among individuals and groups, but also among groups of groups. These observations suggest that the evolutionary dynamics of human coalitions can only be understood in the context of social networks and cognitive evolution. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we develop a stochastic model describing the emergence of networks of allies resulting from within-group competition for status or mates between individuals utilizing dyadic information. The model shows that alliances often emerge in a phase transition-like fashion if the group size, awareness, aggressiveness, and persuasiveness of individuals are large and the decay rate of individual affinities is small. With cultural inheritance of social networks, a single leveling alliance including all group members can emerge in several generations. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We propose a simple and flexible theoretical approach for studying the dynamics of alliance emergence applicable where game-theoretic methods are not practical. Our approach is both scalable and expandable. It is scalable in that it can be generalized to larger groups, or groups of groups. It is expandable in that it allows for inclusion of additional factors such as behavioral, genetic, social, and cultural features. Our results suggest that a rapid

  12. ANCRE alliance: Road-map for nuclear materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Created in 2009 by the Higher Education and Research ministry and by the Ecology ministry, ANCRE, the National Alliance for Energy Research Coordination aims at enhancing the efficiency of French research in the field of energy by promoting partnerships and synergies between public and private sectors (research organizations, universities and companies). ANCRE aims to propose a coordinated strategy for research and innovation projects. Beyond its four founding members, CEA, CNRS, IFPEN and CPU, ANCRE brings together all the French public research organizations concerned with energy issues, and has strong links with the industrial sector. Among the 10 programmatic groups of ANCRE, one is specifically dedicated to Nuclear Energies (fission and fusion). This group has proposed road-maps in five scientific fields, considered as strategic for R and D, in relation to industrial objectives and scientific bottlenecks: nuclear materials, nuclear chemistry, reactor physics, instrumentation and fusion. For twenty to thirty years, R and D on nuclear materials has evolved from the heavy metallurgy of the first generation of power reactors to the nano-materials science under extreme conditions for present and future needs. Nuclear systems are characterized by extreme operating conditions: high temperatures, mechanical stresses, radiations, corrosive environment, and long durations. In order to deal with these extreme conditions, it is necessary to have a sound knowledge of the materials, to the finest scale. R and D development was made possible by advances in materials science, in relation to more efficient observation means (now reaching the atom scale) and deeper control of the microstructure. Development of simulation methods at the atomic level (ab initio, classical molecular dynamics, kinetic Monte Carlo, etc.) have also allowed a better understanding of phenomena at their most fundamental level. Material performance issues, however, remain significant, as the performance

  13. Ensuring dynamic strategic fit of firms that compete globally in alliances and networks: proposing the Global SNA - Strategic Network Analysis - framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Diana L. Van Aduard de Macedo-Soares

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to sustain their competitive advantage in the current increasingly globalized and turbulent context, more and more firms are competing globally in alliances and networks that oblige them to adopt new managerial paradigms and tools. However, their strategic analyses rarely take into account the strategic implications of these alliances and networks, considering their global relational characteristics, admittedly because of a lack of adequate tools to do so. This paper contributes to research that seeks to fill this gap by proposing the Global Strategic Network Analysis - SNA - framework. Its purpose is to help firms that compete globally in alliances and networks to carry out their strategic assessments and decision-making with a view to ensuring dynamic strategic fit from both a global and relational perspective.

  14. Foucault’s Apparatuses of Sexuality and Alliance Confronted Empirically: The Social Construction of Sexuality of Adolescents Living in Poverty in an Amazonian City of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CINTIA MAURA JORGE SOARES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article was to identify the possible constructs of one or more apparatus of sexuality and of alliance in adolescents living in poverty in Brazil. The research methodology was a qualitative assessment using an ethnographic approach. The principal data collection technique, in addition to ethnographic observation and documentary analysis, was face-to-face in-depth interviews. Fourteen adolescents living in the same Belém neighbourhood were observed and interviewed, as well as their parents. The data analysis revealed an apparatus of sexuality as an apparatus of safe sex whereas an apparatus of alliance, according to Foucault, was described after analysis and confirmation of the data as an alliance of powerfulness. These results is bringing new light on the question of the social construct of sexuality among adolescents living in poverty, put into better position the use of Foucault’s concepts, considered till now only as philosophical abstractions, and not as empirical results.

  15. Nonlinear analysis of the cooperation of strategic alliances through stochastic catastrophe theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yan; Hu, Bin; Wu, Jiang; Zhang, Jianhua

    2014-04-01

    The excitation intervention of strategic alliance may change with the changes in the parameters of circumstance (e.g., external alliance tasks). As a result, the stable cooperation between members may suffer a complete unplanned betrayal at last. However, current perspectives on strategic alliances cannot adequately explain this transition mechanism. This study is a first attempt to analyze this nonlinear phenomenon through stochastic catastrophe theory (SCT). A stochastic dynamics model is constructed based on the cooperation of strategic alliance from the perspective of evolutionary game theory. SCT explains the discontinuous changes caused by the changes in environmental parameters. Theoretically, we identify conditions where catastrophe can occur in the cooperation of alliance members.

  16. Reasons for decision in the matter of Alliance Pipeline Ltd. on behalf of the Alliance Pipeline Limited partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The National Energy Board examined an application dated July 3, 1997 by Alliance Pipeline Ltd., on behalf of the Alliance Pipeline Limited Partnership to construct and operate the Canadian portion of a proposed natural gas pipeline system from northeastern British Columbia and northwestern Alberta to the midwest United States. The application included related toll and tariff authorizations. Alliance proposes to construct about 1565 km of mainline and related facilities from Gordondale, Alberta to a point in Saskatchewan on the Canada-United States border. It also proposes to build 770 km of lateral pipelines and related facilities in British Columbia and Alberta. Seven mainline compressor stations and 26 lateral compressor stations are also planned. The pipeline is scheduled for service late in the year 2000 and will be capable of delivering 37.5 million cubic metres of natural gas per day. The estimated capital cost of the proposed facilities is $2 billion. The Board held a series of public hearings and conducted a comprehensive study on potential environmental effects. The Board was satisfied that the proposed facilities would meet accepted standards for design, construction, testing, operation and maintenance. The Board has approved the tolling arrangement negotiated between Alliance and its shippers. A certificate of approval will be issued subject to the approval of the Governor in Council. 14 tabs., 5 figs., 7 appendices.

  17. Culture-Led Discrepancies and Negotiating Conflicts in Strategic Outsourcing Alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Jens; Kumar, Rajesh; Worm, Verner

    2013-01-01

    Outsourcing and alliance collaboration have become prominent features of the global economy. Empirical studies demonstrate that outsourcing alliances are often not as successful as their initiators expect them to be. National cultural differences are frequently viewed as a crucial factor when such...... alliances fail. While empirical studies are abundant, theoretical frameworks that explicate the role of national cultural differences in shaping the dynamics of outsourcing alliances are rare. This article builds on Kumar and Nti's (1998) discrepancy model to specify how culture affects the dynamics of...... outsourcing alliances. We suggest that national cultural differences give rise to process and outcome discrepancies in outsourcing alliances. Notably, outsourcing alliances evolve through three stages–formation, operation and outcome–with discrepancies arising in each of these stages (Das & Teng, 2002). We...

  18. National cultural values and the evolution of process and outcome discrepancies in international strategic alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kumar, Rajesh; Nti, Kofi O

    2004-01-01

    The article assesses the role played by national cultural values in shaping the evolution of international strategic alliances. The authors build on a systems dynamic model of alliance evolution in which the developmental path of an alliance depends on how the partners manage process and outcome...... discrepancies that may emerge during the course of an alliance. They argue that national culture affects alliance evolution by influencing partners sensitivity to discrepancy detection , shaping the nature of attributions they make, and by affecting the partners reactions to discrepancies. They focus on...... differences in three value orientations among cultures. activity orientation, mastery over nature, and assumptions about human nature are the value orientations that affect alliance functioning. The author/s argue that alliances are prone to interpretational, attributional, and behavioral conflicts...

  19. Protecting Place Through Community Alliances: Haida Gwaii Responds to the Proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crist, Valine

    This research contributes to the emerging dialogue concerning power relationships and the alliances that are challenging current frameworks in an attempt to create positive change. Worldwide, local people in rural places are threatened by development paradigms and conflicting social, political, economic, and ecological values. Large-scale development, such as the Enbridge Northern Gateway Project (NGP), provide a tangible example of our failing systems and make the interplay of these elements palpable. Increasingly, communities are coalescing to challenge the current models and economically motivated agendas threatening Indigenous sovereignty and local lifeways. Central to these coalitions are Indigenous peoples who are aligning with non-Indigenous neighbours to renegotiate power relationships. This research examines these dynamic alliances and uses Haida Gwaii's resistance to the NGP as an example of the formidable strength of community coalitions mobilized by intersecting values. To contextualize the NGP within the broader discourse, I problematize Canada's environmental assessment process and consider how media portrays the growing resistance to the proposed project. Drawing on information presented through the environmental assessment, I analyze the main messages and shared values of Haida Gwaii citizens opposed to the NGP. This thesis focuses on this unanimous and galvanizing resistance, which is largely motivated by the reliance on local food sources and an embodied connection to Haida Gwaii shared by Island citizens. The continued denial of Aboriginal title and rights was inherent throughout this consideration and is an underlying theme throughout the analyses.

  20. Synchrony in Psychotherapy: A Review and an Integrative Framework for the Therapeutic Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koole, Sander L.; Tschacher, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    During psychotherapy, patient and therapist tend to spontaneously synchronize their vocal pitch, bodily movements, and even their physiological processes. In the present article, we consider how this pervasive phenomenon may shed new light on the therapeutic relationship– or alliance– and its role within psychotherapy. We first review clinical research on the alliance and the multidisciplinary area of interpersonal synchrony. We then integrate both literatures in the Interpersonal Synchrony (In-Sync) model of psychotherapy. According to the model, the alliance is grounded in the coupling of patient and therapist’s brains. Because brains do not interact directly, movement synchrony may help to establish inter-brain coupling. Inter-brain coupling may provide patient and therapist with access to another’s internal states, which facilitates common understanding and emotional sharing. Over time, these interpersonal exchanges may improve patients’ emotion-regulatory capacities and related therapeutic outcomes. We discuss the empirical assessment of interpersonal synchrony and review preliminary research on synchrony in psychotherapy. Finally, we summarize our main conclusions and consider the broader implications of viewing psychotherapy as the product of two interacting brains. PMID:27378968

  1. Gay-Straight Alliances: Understanding Their Impact on the Academic and Social Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Adam; Schmidt, Kathryn; Clifton, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effectiveness of gay-straight alliances (GSAs) on the social and academic experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youths. The limited research on GSAs suggests that they are associated with positive youth development and increased safety; however, little qualitative information…

  2. Proceedings: 9th World Congress on Preventive Dentistry (WCPD): "Community Participation and Global Alliances for Lifelong Oral Health for All," Phuket, Thailand, September 7-10, 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clarkson, J; Watt, R G; Rugg-Gunn, A J;

    2010-01-01

    Information is presented about the 9th World Congress on Preventive Dentistry which was hosted by the International Association for Dental Research in Phuket, Thailand on September 7-10, 2009. The conference's theme, "Community Participation and Global Alliances for Lifelong Oral Health for All......," is mentioned. Topics include oral health promotion, prevention of early childhood caries, and primary dentition.....

  3. Which Are the “Best” Cities for Psychology Research Worldwide?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutz Bornmann

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available We present scientometric results about worldwide centers of excellence in psychology. Based on Web of Science data, scientific excellence can be identified for cities from where highly-cited papers originate. Data refer to all psychology articles published in 2007 which are documented in the Social Science Citation Index and to their citation frequencies from 2007 to May 2011. 218 cities are visualized with an article output of at least 50 in 2007. Statistical z tests are used for the evaluation of the degree to which an observed number of top-cited papers (top-10% for a city differs from the number expected on the basis of randomness in the selection of papers. The map points at excellence centers in cities at the East and West Coast of the USA as well as in Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Australia, and Taiwan. These results indicate that highly-cited psychological research articles come from the Anglo-American countries and some of the non-English European countries in which the number of English-language publications has increased during the last decades. Implications of the results for the publication strategies of psychologists in non-English speaking countries are discussed as well as the neccessity to care for qualitative criteria in evaluations in addition to quantitative, scientometric criteria.

  4. A study of the strategic alliance for EMS industry: the application of a hybrid DEA and GM (1, 1) approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chia Nan; Nguyen, Nhu Ty; Tran, Thanh Tuyen; Huong, Bui Bich

    2015-01-01

    Choosing a partner is a critical factor for success in international strategic alliances, although criteria for partner selection vary between developed and transitional markets. This study aims to develop effective methods to assist enterprise to measure the firms' operation efficiency, find out the candidate priority under several different inputs and outputs, and forecast the values of those variables in the future. The methodologies are constructed by the concepts of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and grey model (GM). Realistic data in four consecutive years (2009-2012) a total of 20 companies of the Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS) industry that went public are completely collected. This paper tries to help target company-DMU1-to find the right alliance partners. By our proposed approach, the results show the priority in the recent years. The research study is hopefully of interest to managers who are in manufacturing industry in general and EMS enterprises in particular. PMID:25821859

  5. Development of Duck Diseases Expert System with Applying Alliance Method at Bali Provincial Livestock Office

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Farming is one of the activities that have a business opportunity. One is raising ducks. The main results can be obtained from the breeding duck is a duck meat and eggs for consumption and also means praying ceremony in Bali, as well as duck egg shells that can be used for jewelry. Since the outbreak of avian influenza began in 2008, have an impact on consumer demand of ducks decreased and consumers become more careful in choosing and consuming duck. The avian influenza virus not only spread across the country of China, Thailand and Vietnam, but also in Indonesia, Bali is no exception. This is evidenced by the discovery of cases of death due to bird flu virus in some areas in Bali, among others: the regency of Karangasem, Badung, Tabanan, Klungkung and Jembrana. From this, the Bali Provincial Livestock Office took steps to develop an expert system in the detection of diseases ducks. This expert system uses a alliance method is a combination of forward chaining, backward chaining and weighted product to search the physical symptoms and behavioral symptoms duck by the name of a known disease and to determine the percentage of disease attack level in ducks. In this study, the analytical techniques used to analyze the truth is a alliance method of duck disease expert system. Activity data collection and information to support research conducted by, among others, literature studies, interviews, and observations.

  6. Brand alliance. Building block for scientific organisations´ marketing strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joern Redler

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses management issues of brand alliances as part of a scientific organisation´s marketing strategy. Though brand alliances have become quite popular with consumer products they seem to be exceptions in the marketing context of academic or scientific organisations. Against this background, the paper develops a brand alliance approach considering requirements of strategically marketing scientific organisations. As a starting point, brand alliances are discussed as a sub-category to brand combinations. Furthermore, opportunities for scientific organisations associated with the alliance approach are elucidated as well as, from a more general perspective, major threats. In the following course, the paper focuses on modelling a framework of customer-based brand alliance effects, referring to the behavioural science-based view of brands which conceptualises brands as the psychological reaction to the exposure of brand elements like a name, logo or symbols. In that context, prerequisites for success are examined as well. Further, essential components of a brand alliance management process are discussed and its application to scientific organisations is expounded. Aspects like, e.g., choosing and evaluating a partner brand, positioning a brand alliance or monitoring brand alliance performance are illuminated. In regard to practical application also factors and requirements for organisation´s brand alliance success are outlined.

  7. Stimulating translational research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentires-Alj, Mohamed; Rajan, Abinaya; van Harten, Wim; van Luenen, Henri G A M; Kubicek, Stefan; Andersen, Jesper B; Saarela, Janna; Cook, Simon J; Van Minnebruggen, Geert; Roman-Roman, Sergio; Maurer, Cornelia; Erler, Janine T; Bertero, Michela G

    2015-01-01

    Translational research leaves no-one indifferent and everyone expects a particular benefit. We as EU-LIFE (www.eu-life.eu), an alliance of 13 research institutes in European life sciences, would like to share our experience in an attempt to identify measures to promote translational research...... without undermining basic exploratory research and academic freedom....

  8. Strategic partnerships, alliances used to find ways to cut costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a commoditized industry like oil and gas, building a sustainable source of competitive advantage is difficult at best. By and large, oil and gas companies are packed in a footrace to cut costs, increase efficiency, and gain market share. It is such a tight race that virtually every contender has reorganized, right-sized, and rationalized to the point that their cost-cutting programs have themselves become a commodity. Facing this problem, many firms are turning to strategic partnership and alliances to find new, more-permanent ways to cut costs. Partnerships and alliances offer many new avenues for cutting costs and significant advantages over more traditional approaches. Those firms that take advantage of these opportunities by bundling operations in new ways to create new organizations will be the industry leaders in years to come

  9. Tamaricion dalmaticae, a new alliance from the eastern Adriatic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasprica Nenad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the Tamaricion dalmaticae alliance and the Tamaricetum dalmaticae association, a new syntaxa localized under the saline or sub-halophilous conditions within the thermo-mediterranean and meso-mediterranean belts of the eastern Adriatic coast. The Tamaricion dalmaticae alliance is considered analogous to the Western Mediterranean Tamaricion africanae. The Tamaricetum dalmaticae association shows the high ecological amplitude of in terms of moisture. It develops on sandy soils only periodically inundated with sea or brackish waters, as well as on non-flooded areas in south Croatia, Montenegro and NW Albania. In Croatia, Tamaricetum dalmaticae has connections with the halophyte communities of the Sarcocornietea fruticosae and Ammophiletea classes, and the xerophilous ruderal communities of the Artemisietea vulgaris class. The habitats are exposed to disturbances and fragmentation.

  10. The United States and Israel, from alliance to symbiosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Izquierdo Brichs

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between Israel and the United States has been evolving from that of an alliance during the Cold War to a symbiosis nowadays. American policy toward the Middle East is marked by its interest in oil, to which its growing relationship with Israelhas gradually been added. However, although for a long time the interests it shared with Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries moderated its policy and balanced its support of Israel somewhat, in the last few years its alliance with Israel has come to dominate Washington’s strategy. This is reflected in its invasion of Iraq and its tensions with Arab countries. The reason for this evolution must be sought, primarily, in the influence that Israel and pro-Zionist lobbies have gained in the domestic policy of the United States.

  11. The Atlantic Alliance and the New Strategic Concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Conde

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The strategic concept of the Atlantic Alliance has evolved beginning with the incorporation of new countries and the need to respond and adapt to international changes. The author discusses the evolution of this latest concept and describes and analyzes in detail the newstrategic concept approved in April 1999, which is considered both groundbreaking and a demonstration of continuity. Continuity because it reaffirms collective defense as the backbone of the Alliance and groundbreaking because it attempts to contribute, decisively, to security in the broad sense of the Euro-Atlantic area, to the approved enlargement of the organization, to the fostering of good relations with Russia and the Ukraine and to the creation of a European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI. On this last point, Javier Conde explores the difficulties of constructing this identity within the EU’s present framework and reminds the reader howdeterminate the transatlantic link with the United States is for Europeans.

  12. Customer-supplier alliances: A co-engineering process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 90's are forcing companies to review all aspects of doing business. Partnerships, alliances and other inter-company relationships are now a matter of course. This paper explores an alternate method currently utilized by one of the major US oil pipelines to acquire products and/or services. The method stresses the formation of long-term alliances to the mutual benefit of both the supplier and the end user companies. The paper uses as an example a SCADA system currently being implemented for this oil company. It outlines the method and explains the pitfalls that have been encountered. As well, the potential benefits to both the supplier and the customer are summarized

  13. Trade and the Development of the Pacific Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Hernández Bernal

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Pacific Alliance is a process of deep integration among Colombia, Chile, Peru and Mexico, which aims to build a free trade area and to project into the Asia-Pacific region, in order to enhance existing trade agreements among the members. There is no deep trade relationships among these four countries, despite having regional agreements since the 1990s, as demonstrated by the low volume of reciprocal exports and imports, in addition to the low indicator of intra-industrial trade. In this paper, intra-regional trade index is calculated among the countries of the Pacific Alliance, evidencing low indicators, but with a growth, encouraged by reciprocal or unilateral policies of commercial opening, and by an environment favoring economic growth throughout the region.

  14. Overview of the Earth System Science Education Alliance Online Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botti, J.; Myers, R.

    2002-12-01

    Science education reform has skyrocketed over the last decade in large part thanks to technology-and one technology in particular, the Internet. The World Wide Web has opened up dynamic new online communities of learners. It has allowed educators from around the world to share thoughts about Earth system science and reexamine the way science is taught. A positive offshoot of this reform effort is the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA). This partnership among universities, colleges, and science education organizations is led by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies and the Center for Educational Technologiestm at Wheeling Jesuit University. ESSEA's mission is to improve Earth system science education. ESSEA has developed three Earth system science courses for K-12 teachers. These online courses guide teachers into collaborative, student-centered science education experiences. Not only do these courses support teachers' professional development, they also help teachers implement Earth systems science content and age-appropriate pedagogical methods into their classrooms. The ESSEA courses are open to elementary, middle school, and high school teachers. Each course lasts one semester. The courses begin with three weeks of introductory content. Then teachers develop content and pedagogical and technological knowledge in four three-week learning cycles. The elementary school course focuses on basic Earth system interactions between land, life, air, and water. In week A of each learning cycle, teachers do earth system activities with their students. In week B teachers investigate aspects of the Earth system-for instance, the reason rocks change to soil, the relationship between rock weathering and soil nutrients, and the consequent development of biomes. In week C teachers develop classroom activities and share them online with other course participants. The middle school course stresses the effects of real-world events-volcanic eruptions

  15. Stock Exchange Alliances in Organization of Islamic Conferences (OIC) Countries

    OpenAIRE

    M. Kabir Hassan; Jung Suk-Yu

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the feasibility and economic benefits of stock exchanges alliances among OIC countries. Despite common Islamic culture, OIC local capital market conditions are heterogeneous depending on legal jurisdictions, income level and the maturity of stock market development. Therefore, in this paper, we suggest a set of internationally acceptable standards that aim to provide guidance for the development and implementation of policy irrespective of local differences so that they ca...

  16. Bargaining in Technology Markets: An empirical study of biotechnology alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Kinukawa, Shinya; Motohashi, Kazuyuki

    2010-01-01

    We empirically examine the distribution of bargaining power between buyers and sellers on the biotechnology markets by estimating the extracted surplus in alliance agreements, which depends on each party's bargaining power. The results show that buyers have extracted more surplus than sellers. However, these also reveal that the surplus extracted by buyers has been decreasing while that of the sellers has been increasing. We construe that the prices of biotechnologies have been lower than the...

  17. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01

    This paper is based on the hypothesis that the new geopolitical environment for the Atlantic Alliance is mainly influenced by the following five elements: The renaissance of Germany as the central player on the European theater after the collapse of the Soviet Union; the shift of American geopolitical focus from Europe to the Middle East and central Asia; the increasing geopolitical influence of petroleum energy resources; the increasing power of china; and the differing perceptions of politi...

  18. From Online to Offline Through Brand Extensions and Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Bravo; Leif E. Hem; José M. Pina

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the expansion of an online brand towards an offline product category through brand extensions and alliances. Specifically, it analyses the effects on the online brand image as a consequence of this expansion, and it analyses them under different conditions of image and fit. An empirical study was conducted to 407 undergraduates in a Spanish University, and data are analyzed through multivariate analysis of variance. Main results lead us to conclude that: (1) the effects of ...

  19. The role of strategic alliances in international businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Georgiana Cebuc

    2007-01-01

    Market globalization and impressive market growth force a lot of companies to declare themselves in the position of not having the critical strategic dimension, necessary for a successful competition gigantic markets. As a consequence, companies may be forced to resort more and more, to newer cooperation types, which were inconceivable in traditional economic development and when national markets prevailed. Signing alliances among companies may change the force field on national and internati...

  20. Hvorfor går Liberal Alliance frem?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Liberal Alliance lå for kun lidt over et år siden ofte til 0 pct. i meningsmålingerne, men har siden haft et bemærkelsesværdigt comeback uden lige i nyere dansk politisk historie. Først fik man trukket sig over den symbolske »spærregrænse« på 2,0 pct., og i den seneste meningsmåling (fra You...

  1. Hvorfor går Liberal Alliance frem?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Liberal Alliance lå for kun lidt over et år siden ofte til 0 pct. i meningsmålingerne, men har siden haft et bemærkelsesværdigt comeback uden lige i nyere dansk politisk historie. Først fik man trukket sig over den symbolske »spærregrænse« på 2,0 pct., og i den seneste meningsmåling ( fra You...

  2. Alliances, Open Innovation and Outside-in Management

    OpenAIRE

    Elisa Arrigo

    2012-01-01

    Market-driven firms adopt an outside-in management that goes far beyond a simple observation of competitors and understanding of customers' needs, in order to grasp new market opportunities. In this sense, strategic alliances have become increasingly important to the firms' external knowledge access and innovation; firms enter into global networks to share both knowledge and costs and to increase their innovativeness. In this way, as shown in the Philips case, being open to the outside, marke...

  3. The Role of Leaders’ Working Alliance in Premarital Education

    OpenAIRE

    Owen, Jesse J.; Rhoades, Galena K.; Stanley, Scott M.; Markman, Howard J.

    2011-01-01

    Premarital (and general relationship) education programs, as a prevention method, have been shown to have a positive effect on marital quality and can prevent divorce. However, it is unclear whether these positive effects are consistent across leaders who conduct premarital education programs. Examining the variability in relationship outcomes attributed to the leaders of premarital education programs, and the role of general therapeutic factors such as working alliance in explaining relation...

  4. Process issues in alliance management: A panel discussion.

    OpenAIRE

    Ariño, Africa; Torre, Jose de la; Doz, Yves; Ring, Peter S.; Lorenzoni, Gianni

    1999-01-01

    The purpose in this series of papers is to examine different perspectives on the evolution of the process of collaboration and the management challenges therein by focusing on a single case experience. The literature on alliance and collaboration has grown immensely in the last few years. Much attention has been given to the economic rationale for intermediate organizational forms, the so-called «swollen middle» (Hennart, 1993) that lies between market and hierarchical solutions, and to the c...

  5. AirTicket Sales as Bids from Airline Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Ivaldi, Marc; Petrova, Milena; Urdanoz, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Motivated by the higher price sensitivity and service homogenisation in the airline industry in recent years, we propose a new methodology to deal with transaction prices and to estimate the effect of alliances in the US domestic market. The assumption that airlines compete on price allows us to take advantage of the observational equivalence between Bertrand competition and the reverse English auction. We then apply an MLE method, developed by Paarsch (1997) for esti- mating auctions, to rec...

  6. Air Ticket Sales as Bids from Airline Alliances

    OpenAIRE

    Ivaldi, Marc; Petrova, Milena; Urdanoz, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Motivated by the higher price sensitivity and service homogenisation in the airline industry in recent years, we propose a new methodology to deal with transaction prices and to estimate the effect of alliances in the US domestic market. The assumption that airlines compete on price allows us to take advantage of the observational equivalence between Bertrand competition and the reverse English auction. We then apply an MLE method, developed by Paarsch (1997) for estimating auctions, to recov...

  7. Best strategy through Marketing Alliances for Switzerland Tourism North America

    OpenAIRE

    Bourquin, Charlotte; Holleran, James

    2014-01-01

    Having partnerships with Marketing Alliances has been proved to be an effective way for Switzerland Tourism North America to push the Destination promotion and sales as well as increase the awareness of Switzerland with the network. The two existing partnerships are with Virtuoso and Signature Travel Network, both luxury/leisure focused companies. Particularly successful results have been observed with Virtuoso. The process of choosing the right partnership has to be carefully defined ...

  8. Come home, NATO? The Atlantic Alliance's new strategic concept

    OpenAIRE

    Ringsmose, Jens; Rynning, Sten

    2009-01-01

    This DIIS Report provides an overview of the political and military issues that are likely to shape the coming discussions about NATO's new Strategic Concept. NATO's current Strategic Concept dates back to 1999 and over the last couple years an increasing number of policy-makers have suggested that it is time to take stock of the transatlantic Alliance. The exercise is significant because the Strategic Concept represents the operational view of the Washington Treaty - the basic text of NATO -...

  9. Dyadic military conflict, security alliances, and bilateral FDI flows

    OpenAIRE

    Quan Li; Tatiana Vashchilko

    2010-01-01

    Although multinationals operate under cross-border jurisdictions, the relevance of interstate security relations to international business has received little attention. Despite the impressive accumulation of knowledge in international business and international relations, the two intellectual communities have largely ignored the insights from each other. In this article, we seek to bridge this gap. We argue that interstate military conflict and security alliances, as two central features of ...

  10. East Gondwana ancestry of the sunflower alliance of families

    OpenAIRE

    Bremer, Kåre; Gustafsson, Mats H. G.

    1997-01-01

    The sunflower alliance of families comprises nearly 10% of all flowering plant species and includes the largest of all plant families, the sunflower family Asteraceae, which has 23,000 species, and the bellflower family Campanulaceae. Both are worldwide in distribution, but the majority of their species occur in the northern hemisphere. Recently it has been shown that a number of small, woody families from the Australian–Southwest Pacific area also belong in this relationship. Here we add yet...

  11. The Pacific Alliance casts its cloud over Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Detlef NOLTE; Wehner, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    In a joint declaration on 8 October 2013, the presidents of the Pacific Alliance (PA) – an organisation legally constituted in 2012 that is comprised of Chile, Colombia, Peru and Mexico – announced the conclusion of trade negotiations to remove all tariff barriers between its member states, thus making it the eighth largest economy in the world. This new free trade agreement (FTA) has attracted the interest of states and business sectors around the world, including the German Business Associa...

  12. ALLIANCE: An architecture for fault tolerant multi-robot cooperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    1995-02-01

    ALLIANCE is a software architecture that facilitates the fault tolerant cooperative control of teams of heterogeneous mobile robots performing missions composed of loosely coupled, largely independent subtasks. ALLIANCE allows teams of robots, each of which possesses a variety of high-level functions that it can perform during a mission, to individually select appropriate actions throughout the mission based on the requirements of the mission, the activities of other robots, the current environmental conditions, and the robot`s own internal states. ALLIANCE is a fully distributed, behavior-based architecture that incorporates the use of mathematically modeled motivations (such as impatience and acquiescence) within each robot to achieve adaptive action selection. Since cooperative robotic teams usually work in dynamic and unpredictable environments, this software architecture allows the robot team members to respond robustly, reliably, flexibly, and coherently to unexpected environmental changes and modifications in the robot team that may occur due to mechanical failure, the learning of new skills, or the addition or removal of robots from the team by human intervention. The feasibility of this architecture is demonstrated in an implementation on a team of mobile robots performing a laboratory version of hazardous waste cleanup.

  13. 2 SDI, alliance coherence, and East-West nuclear stability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear modernization programme, offensive and defensive, now being implemented or seriously proposed by the Western nuclear states and the Soviet Union pose critical problems for the stability of the European and global nuclear balance. The Reagan administration's Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI) and the dramatic growth of British and French nuclear capabilities add new strains on the arms race now underway between the superpowers. Current and emerging instabilities must be addressed promptly along a broad political front, within and outside the framework of the Atlantic Alliance, before they further split the alliance and damage efforts---principally those being pursued at Geneva in the superpower arms control talks---to manage the nuclear balance and the conflicts that divide the two blocs in Europe and elsewhere. The first part of this paper diagnoses the disturbing elements of the evolving nuclear environment which promotes instability. The second suggests an approach -- complex bilateralism -- that might be employed to bring these destabilizing trends under control to promote the development of more coherent, cohesive, and mutually confident alliance strategic policies than exist today and to enhance East-West stability

  14. Time planning and Cost Management in Strategic Alliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana-Maria Giurea

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights a mutual support example out of ten simulations regarding strategic alliances based on the hypothesis that every partner allocates its resources and budget in an equitable manner according to total expected time (PERT. In today’s strategic alliances, the partner plays an essential role regarding the support capacity of the firm, assuming the statement: “many hands make light work”. The equitable allocations of time and cost, that the firms are able to honor, will be an advantage within the strategic mutual support. If one of the partners fails to respond with the same resources that the other partner offers, within a certain phase of the process, he will have the possibility to prove his capacity of support in another phase, when the other partner cannot afford to allocate the same resources. Mutual support between partners, time planning and cost management represent the best ways for a complex mechanism, such as the strategic alliance, to work properly.

  15. Case study of a gas plant alliance at Zama Lake

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The definition of gas processing effectiveness varies according to whether a producer emphasizes maximized production, or the greatest wellhead netback, or the greatest return on investment. The producer's vision and objectives can change over time, depending on his financial needs, changes in the investment market, shareholder perceptions, or management motivation. This article describes how a third party processor like Novagas Canada Limited (NCL) can help a producer achieve his objectives. The case of NCL's Zama Lake investment and alliance with Phillips Petroleum is used to illustrate the process. Based on this example, a third party processor can provide important midstream services such as raw gas gathering, field compression, gas processing, sales gas transmission, natural gas liquids recovery, transportation and fractionation. In addition, they can provide access to associated energy industries such as oil and electricity, or any combination of the above, by structuring their services to suit the individual needs of each producer. A third party producer can also reduce risk and cost, provide increased reliability, add new processing capacity, and increased netback. Details of how the alliance between NCL and Phillips Petroleum came about and the advantages that each partner derived from the partnership are described. By entering into an alliance with NCL, Phillips Petroleum gained value by divesting risk and acquiring low cost midstream services, while NCL gained by increasing its presence and by adding economies of scale and greater flexibility in its investment decisions

  16. ALLIANCE: An architecture for fault tolerant multi-robot cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ALLIANCE is a software architecture that facilitates the fault tolerant cooperative control of teams of heterogeneous mobile robots performing missions composed of loosely coupled, largely independent subtasks. ALLIANCE allows teams of robots, each of which possesses a variety of high-level functions that it can perform during a mission, to individually select appropriate actions throughout the mission based on the requirements of the mission, the activities of other robots, the current environmental conditions, and the robot's own internal states. ALLIANCE is a fully distributed, behavior-based architecture that incorporates the use of mathematically modeled motivations (such as impatience and acquiescence) within each robot to achieve adaptive action selection. Since cooperative robotic teams usually work in dynamic and unpredictable environments, this software architecture allows the robot team members to respond robustly, reliably, flexibly, and coherently to unexpected environmental changes and modifications in the robot team that may occur due to mechanical failure, the learning of new skills, or the addition or removal of robots from the team by human intervention. The feasibility of this architecture is demonstrated in an implementation on a team of mobile robots performing a laboratory version of hazardous waste cleanup

  17. The effect of clinician-patient alliance and communication on treatment adherence in mental health care: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thompson Laura

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nonadherence to mental health treatment incurs clinical and economic burdens. The clinician-patient alliance, negotiated through clinical interaction, presents a critical intervention point. Recent medical reviews of communication and adherence behaviour exclude studies with psychiatric samples. The following examines the impact of clinician-patient alliance and communication on adherence in mental health, identifying the specific mechanisms that mobilise patient engagement. Methods In December 2010, a systematic search was conducted in Pubmed, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase and Cinahl and yielded 6672 titles. A secondary hand search was performed in relevant journals, grey literature and reference. Results 23 studies met the inclusion criteria for the review. The methodological quality overall was moderate. 17 studies reported positive associations with adherence, only four of which employed intervention designs. 10 studies examined the association between clinician-patient alliance and adherence. Subjective ratings of clinical communication styles and messages were assessed in 12 studies. 1 study examined the association between objectively rated communication and adherence. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneity of methods. Findings were presented as a narrative synthesis. Conclusions Clinician-patient alliance and communication are associated with more favourable patient adherence. Further research of observer rated communication would better facilitate the application of findings in clinical practice. Establishing agreement on the tasks of treatment, utilising collaborative styles of communication and discussion of treatment specifics may be important for clinicians in promoting cooperation with regimens. These findings align with those in health communication. However, the benefits of shared decision making for adherence in mental health are less conclusive than in general medicine.

  18. The effect of songwriting on knowledge of coping skills and working alliance in psychiatric patients: a randomized clinical effectiveness study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Michael J

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a songwriting intervention on psychiatric patients' knowledge of coping skills and working alliance. Participants were randomly assigned to scripted and manualized experimental (n=48) or control (n=41) conditions. The experimental condition was a group psychoeducational music therapy songwriting session concerning coping skills while the control condition was a group psychoeducational session concerning coping skills. Both conditions were single-session therapy with patients on an acute adult psychiatric unit. Results indicated no significant between group differences in measures of knowledge of coping skills, consumer working alliance, or perception of enjoyment (p>.05), although the experimental condition tended to have slightly higher mean scores than the control group for these measures. There was a significant between group difference in measures of therapist working alliance (pgroup higher than the control group. Although the music therapy group had a higher mean rate of previous psychiatric hospitalizations, their perception of enjoyment scores were still higher than those of the control condition, a finding incongruent in the literature. Furthermore, despite the increased number of previous hospitalizations, the music therapy condition had higher attendance rates than the control condition, thus possibly providing incentives for funding. It seems that group songwriting about coping skills can be as effective a psychosocial intervention as traditional talk-based psychoeducation to teach psychiatric inpatients how to proactively manage their illness. Additionally, music therapy can be as effective as talk-based psychoeducation in establishing working alliance. Implications for clinical practice, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:21866716

  19. The ICTR-PHE 2012 conference : alliance between the physics and medical communities

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    The ICTR-PHE 2012 conference, which closed its doors on March 2 after five busy days, sealed the alliance between the physics and medical communities. Some of the most futuristic research in medical physics was presented at the conference. Special emphasis was placed on medical imaging devices, currently used for diagnosis but with the potential to provide crucial real-time monitoring of treatment in the future. Radio-oncologists and radiotherapists represented a large proportion of the doctors and clinicians who attended the conference. With them were also biologists and doctors of nuclear medicine. They presented the state of the art of their research that touches on the genetics and biology of tumours as well as on futuristic drugs that selectively target malignant cells. The future of cancer treatment seems to lie in the personalised approach.

  20. Local alliance building for urban science education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-09-01

    Leaders from nationally recognized sponsors of teacher education partnerships, the US DOE, university leaders, the New York State Department of Education and past and present teacher researchers gathered at Brookhaven National Laboratory in August 1994. Their mission was (1) to consider the unique aspects that research experiences provide for teachers and their students and (2) to discuss the value of systemic changes to the teacher preparation process to include such experiences. Presentations by participants and small-group discussion sessions led to an action plan and recommendations for disseminating materials addressing these issues nationally. Concluding remarks labeled the issues discussed as critical to the systemic change in the teacher preparation process. By sharing this document, additional interest and feedback will be generated, as will commitments to this philosophy.

  1. Strengthening Pela-Gandong Alliance Based on John Rawls’ Theory of Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanrico A.S. Titahelu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Pela-Gandong could be seen as an alliance among two or more villages in Central Maluku territory. Pela-Gandong, besides as brotherhood and friendship among them,this alliance also shared common purpose of cooperation and collective security. Conflict in the beginning of 1999 draws up public attention to the effectiveness of the principles which contains in pela-gandong alliance. Important question come forward because of the plurality condition among current Indonesian society. Should pela-gandong principles nowadays, still playing role to develope social, economy and cultural life of Maluku traditional society? The purpose of this writings is to find out the weaknesses of pela-gandong alliance(s. Based on this, it should offers some suggestion how to strengthening the principles of pela-gandong alliance into the state and the social life in Indonesia.

  2. Establishing strategic alliance among hospitals through SAIS: a case study in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Won-Fu; Hwang, Hsin-Ginn; Liao, Chechen

    2005-01-01

    Due to a reformed healthcare insurance system and a gradually decreasing public affairs' budget by the government year by year, Central Taiwan Office (CTO), the Department of Health (DOH) in Taiwan, initiated a strategic alliance project of the hospitals subordinated to the DOH in November, 2001. This project was a five-year plan with an attempt to expand and develop three more strategic alliances covering the northern, southern and eastern regions of Taiwan respectively. Through a cooperative system, such an alliance allows the following: resource sharing, technique collaboration, marketing affiliations and so on. In order to decrease operation management costs and improve the quality of service at hospitals, the strategic alliance practice is supported by IS. We call this alignment the IS-enabled strategic alliance. All the IS-enabled functions are supported by the Strategic Alliance Information System (SAIS). In this article, the SAIS developed by the CTO of the DOH is introduced. PMID:18048210

  3. Therapeutic alliance, expressed emotion, and treatment outcome for anorexia nervosa in a family-based partial hospitalization program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rienecke, Renee D; Richmond, Rebekah; Lebow, Jocelyn

    2016-08-01

    Adolescent therapeutic alliance has been found to be associated with improvements in eating disorder cognitions and with early weight gain. The current study assessed patient and parent therapeutic alliance, correlates of parent alliance, and relationship between alliance and treatment outcome. Fifty-six patients with anorexia nervosa completed measures of therapeutic alliance and eating disorder symptoms. Patients' parents completed measures of therapeutic alliance, expressed emotion, and psychopathology. Patients' alliance predicted cognitive and behavioral symptomatology at end of treatment (β=-0.39, p=0.001), though it was not related to changes in weight (β=0.12, p=0.377). Maternal hostility was associated with lower maternal alliance (r=-0.34, p=0.05). Findings suggest that maternal hostility should be addressed in treatment, and that patient alliance may be important in achieving psychological recovery from disordered eating. PMID:27289048

  4. Organizational choice in R&D alliances: Knowledge-based and transaction cost perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Rachelle C. Sampson

    2004-01-01

    This study examines how firms choose organizational form for their R&D alliances. Encouraging cooperation in these alliances is often challenging, given the difficulties in knowledge sharing between partners and protecting the property rights over partner knowledge. Interestingly, knowledge-based and transaction cost perspectives generate different hypotheses on alliance organization choice in this setting. When partner knowledge bases are very different, the risk of unintended transfer or le...

  5. RELATIONAL AND PERFORMANCE RISKS IN OPERATIVE WORK IN CONTRACT-BASED R&D ALLIANCES

    OpenAIRE

    LARS UPPVALL

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the influence of context-related risks in operative work in contract-based R&D alliances by comparing critical incidents from four R&D alliance projects experienced by alliance operative leaders in two contextual settings — each containing two different types of risks: relational and performance. The results indicate that the different risks influence certain critical aspects of the operative work in the studied projects; these have implications for individuals working in ...

  6. Child, caregiver, and therapist perspectives on therapeutic alliance in usual care child psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Accurso, Erin C.; Garland, Ann F

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the temporal stability and cross-informant agreement on multiple perspectives of child and caregiver alliance with therapists in usual care psychotherapy. Baseline predictors of alliance were also examined. Children with disruptive behavior problems (n=209) and their caregivers were followed for up to 16 months after initiating psychotherapy at a community-based clinic. Alliance was rated by children, caregivers, and therapists every four months for as long as families par...

  7. Economic Security of Strategic Alliance in the Context of Interaction Theories

    OpenAIRE

    Shulzhenko Liliya E.

    2013-01-01

    The article reveals the essence of the studied problems of economic security of a strategic alliance. It proves expediency of its study in the context of interaction theories (micro-level theory of G. C. Homans, macro-level theory of P. M. Blau, interdependence theory of J. Thibaut and H. Kelly), since interaction is a key notion in understanding the nature of strategic alliance and its economic security and the interests of participants of the strategic alliance, their interweaving and balan...

  8. The Consequences of Strategic Alliances Between International Airlines: The Case of Swissair and SAS

    OpenAIRE

    Youssef, Waleed; Hansen, Mark

    1993-01-01

    The impact of the SAS-Swissair strategic alliance on service quality, market concentration, and fares is assessed. Comparison of services before and after the alliance show increases in flights between the SAS and Swissair hubs, in the number of markets in which the alliance airlines offer connecting service, and in the average service frequency offered in these markets. Further, there has been an overall reduction in the layover time associated with SAS-Swissair connecting services. Impacts ...

  9. Global strategic alliances in scheduled air transport - implications for competition policy

    OpenAIRE

    Laaser, Claus-Friedrich; Sichelschmidt, Henning; Soltwedel, Rüdiger; Wolf, Hartmut

    2000-01-01

    In international aviation, global strategic alliances (GSAs) have in recent years become an important form of cooperation between airlines. This cooperation has hit the antitrust nerve of the European Commission. Initially, the Commission had attempted to constrain both the market share of the major alliances in transatlantic air transport and their access to major European hubs (London and Frankfurt). The airlines maintain that they need alliances as an inevitable means to adapt to the chang...

  10. The Stewardship Science Academic Alliance: A Model of Education for Fundamental and Applied Low-energy Nuclear Science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) were inaugurated in 2002 by the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U. S. Department of Energy. The purpose is to enhance connections between NNSA laboratories and the activities of university scientists and their students in research areas important to NNSA, including low-energy nuclear science. This paper highlights some of the ways that the SSAA fosters education and training of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars in low-energy nuclear science, preparing them for careers in fundamental and applied research and development

  11. The Stewardship Science Academic Alliance: A Model of Education for Fundamental and Applied Low-energy Nuclear Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cizewski, J.A., E-mail: cizewski@rutgers.edu

    2014-06-15

    The Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) were inaugurated in 2002 by the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U. S. Department of Energy. The purpose is to enhance connections between NNSA laboratories and the activities of university scientists and their students in research areas important to NNSA, including low-energy nuclear science. This paper highlights some of the ways that the SSAA fosters education and training of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars in low-energy nuclear science, preparing them for careers in fundamental and applied research and development.

  12. The Effect of R&D Alliances on the Speed of Innovation: Evidence from Chinese SMEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Minghong; Yin, Xinke

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the R&D alliances' effect on technological innovation. There are many factors that have effect on technological innovation, but few empirical literatures have studied R&D alliances. After reviewing related literature, we propose some hypotheses and test them with a sample of 504 small and medium enterprises that have carried out R&D activities and joined in R&D alliances. The results indicate that, for small and medium enterprises, participating in R&D alliances is good for technological innovation. Moreover, capital investment and human resource has positive impacts on innovation, but which industry that enterprises belong to has no effect.

  13. Alliances in SMEs and cooperatives involved in business with low income sectors in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mladen Koljatic

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports the findings of an exploratory study to assess the nature of alliances that businesses and nonprofits have developed with SMEs and cooperatives operating in low income sectors in Latin America. Cross-sector alliances were categorized according to Austin’s collaboration continuum framework (2000. The findings indicate that the proportion of cooperatives engaged in at least one alliance with businesses or other non-profit organizations is higher than that of SMEs, with cross-sector alliances falling predominantly into the transactional category. Allied organizations appear to play an important role in orchestrating value chains for cooperative business ventures but not for those of SMEs.

  14. (No) Limits to Anglo-American Accounting? Reconstructing the History of the International Accounting Standards Committee ; A Review Article

    OpenAIRE

    Botzem, S.; S Quack

    2009-01-01

    The development of the current International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) from the earlier International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) provides insight into many issues of international financial reporting, among them the characteristics of international accounting standards themselves. This article reviews Camfferman and Zeff’s [Camfferman, K., & Zeff, S. A. (2007). Financial reporting and global capital markets. A history of the international accounting standards committee 1973...

  15. Epilepsy and catalepsy in Anglo-American literature between romanticism and realism: Tennyson, Poe, Eliot and Collins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, P

    2000-12-01

    Epilepsy and catalepsy were not clearly separated in the minds of people in the early 19th century, and catalepsy may have been used as a diagnostic euphemism for epilepsy. Tennyson, in "The Princess" describes, under the diagnosis of catalepsy, probable temporal lobe epileptic dreamy states with derealization which serve as a metaphor of sexual and moral ambivalence, the poem's central theme. It seems that Tennyson knew such seizures from his own father who had been given a diagnosis of catalepsy. Poe gave his Berenice in the novella of the same title a diagnosis of epilepsy as a reason for a premature burial. However, there was a good deal of unlikelyhood in this, and when he came to this theme in "The Fall of the House of Usher" and in "The Premature Burial" he chose instead a diagnosis of catalepsy which fitted better with the plot. The fits of the title character in George Eliot's Silas Marner, diagnosed as catalepsy, would today rather be seen as epileptic twilight states. It would seem that this author drew from contemporary dictionary descriptions which described conditions similar to Marner's fits under the heading of catalepsy. In Eliot's "legend with a realistic treatment", the twilight states are a central factor in the plot and explain Marner's reclusion and passivity. In Poor Miss Finch by English realist Wilkie Collins, the post-traumatic seizures of Oscar, one of the main characters, their cause, their treatment with silver nitrate, and the subsequent discoloration of his skin are central supporting elements of a perfectly constructed plot. Collins gives an exact description of a right versive seizure with secondary generalisation, and how to deal with it. In none of these works seizures are seen in a negative light. They rather evoke reactions of sympathy and support. PMID:11232370

  16. Perceived need for local anesthesia in tooth  drilling among AngloAmericans, Chinese and Scandinavi­ans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moore, Rod; Brødsgaard, I; Mao, T-K; Miller, ML; Dworkin, SF

    1998-01-01

    Man kigger op de ord folk fra Skandinavian, USA og Kina bruger til at beskrive smerte begreber og kobler disse opfattelse til om man ved boring i en tand, vil fortrække at fået lagt bedøvelse. Resulaterne viser stor forskel, hvor Amerikaner vil næsten alle bedøves, mens kun halvdelen af Skandinav...

  17. The conundrum of Nazi law: an historiographical challenge to the Anglo-American jurisprudential representation of the Nazi past

    OpenAIRE

    Lavis, Simon

    2015-01-01

    The question of whether Nazi law was valid law has been at the background of jurisprudential discourse since the Hart-Fuller debate in the 1950s. The enduring focus of that discourse on the validity question – the conditions of validity for law – and the separability question – the nature of the relationship between law and morality – has consigned the Third Reich to a specific jurisprudential role as a limit case for positivism and natural law. This dissertation elucidates and interrogates t...

  18. Governance processes and change within organizational participants of multi-sectoral community health care alliances: the mediating role of vision, mission, strategy agreement and perceived alliance value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hearld, Larry R; Alexander, Jeffrey A

    2014-03-01

    Multi-sectoral community health care alliances are organizations that bring together individuals and organizations from different industry sectors to work collaboratively on improving the health and health care in local communities. Long-term success and sustainability of alliances are dependent on their ability to galvanize participants to take action within their 'home' organizations and institutionalize the vision, goals, and programs within participating organizations and the broader community. The purpose of this study was to investigate two mechanisms by which alliance leadership and management processes may promote such changes within organizations participating in alliances. The findings of the study suggest that, despite modest levels of change undertaken by participating organizations, more positive perceptions of alliance leadership, decision making, and conflict management were associated with a greater likelihood of participating organizations making changes as a result of their participation in the alliance, in part by promoting greater vision, mission, and strategy agreement and higher levels of perceived value. Leadership processes had a stronger relationship with change within participating organizations than decision-making style and conflict management processes. Open-ended responses by participants indicated that participating organizations most often incorporated new measures or goals into their existing portfolio of strategic plans and activities in response to alliance participation. PMID:24415003

  19. Achievement Motivation across Cultures: Some Puzzles and Their Implications for Future Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hufton, Neil; Elliott, Julian G.; Illushin, Leonid

    2002-01-01

    Discusses findings of a cross-cultural study of the relation between self-perception of academic competence and achievement, and attribution of achievement to effort or ability. Considers problems in fitting Anglo-American motivation theory with Russian schooling practice. Calls for culturally sensitive, multimethod approaches in which individual…

  20. Specificities of defense mechanisms in bipolar affective disorder: relations with symptoms and therapeutic alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Ueli; de Roten, Yves; Perry, J Christopher; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2009-09-01

    Defense mechanisms as a central notion of psychoanalysis have inspired various levels of interest in research in psychotherapy and psychopathology. Defense specificities have only recently been investigated systematically with regard to several clinical diagnoses, such as affective and personality disorders. For the present study, 30 inpatients diagnosed with Bipolar Affective Disorder I (BD) were interviewed. An observer-rater method, the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales (DMRS), applied to session-transcripts, of assessment of defenses was used. A matched, nonclinical control group was introduced. Defense specificities in BD encompass a set of 5 immature defenses, of which omnipotence is linked with symptom level. The level of the therapeutic alliance is predicted by mature defenses. These results are discussed with regard to the psychological vulnerability of BD, and treatment implications for psychodynamic psychotherapy with such challenging patients are evoked. PMID:19752647

  1. Alliance opens for business boosted by EIA forecast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy recently released a new forecast showing US requirements for natural gas growing at a steady pace. By 2020, EIA says, pipeline imports will have climbed by 70 per cent to 5.8 Tcf per year. Tanker imports of natural gas liquids are also set to grow at the rate of 700 bcf annually by 2020. Much of the demand growth is expected to continue to be driven by the expanding use of natural gas in electricity generation, but there are across-the-board increases forecast in US residential, commercial and industrial gas consumption as well, thanks to a predicted overall economic growth of an average three per cent annually. If these predictions materialize, the initial excess pipeline capacity created by the Alliance Pipeline will shrink very quickly. Accordingly, the next major development spawned by Alliance, the Millenium Pipeline Project, an international effort which involves TransCanada Pipelines and Union Gas, as well as the Columbia Energy Group in the US, is expected to move ahead. A target of 2002 is set for the proposed 700 mmcf per day route across Lake Erie to New York State to New York City. In addition to Alliance, there is TransCanada Pipelines' 1.1 bcf per day new capacity added by the Foothills-Northern Border export route. Overall, an average of 1.0 bcf per day of excess capacity is predicted which will, however, last no more than two to five years. The EIA expects that new projects in Alaska and the Northwest Territories will soak up the excess capacity and set off a new round of expansion by the Canadian pipeline system

  2. Alliances: simulation platform for nuclear waste storage and disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to analyse the feasibility of nuclear waste storages and disposals it is necessary to carry an important modelling and simulation program from the fine understanding of the process involved at each level (package, near field, geological site) of the safety assessment of a global situation. That is the reason why the CEA and the Andra have jointly developed since 2001 the software platform ALLIANCES. EDF has joined the project in 2003. The objective of the project is to obtain a numerical platform allowing: The simulation of the characteristic phenomena of all disposal and storage situations; The choice and coupling of different numerical codes; The simulation of multi-physical and multi-scale phenomena; The uncertainties analysis related to data and models; The studies management and traceability. ALLIANCES aim is not to develop a new scientific calculation code but to accumulate within the same simulation environment the already acquired knowledge and to gradually integrate new knowledge. Therefore, the project is based on the following three fundamental choices: integration of several scientific calculation codes for a same physical problem in order to take advantage of the complementarities of each code (discretization method, processing of complex geometry, processing of great property contrast,...). All these codes share the same User Interface (UI) and Application Programming Interface (API). This enables results comparison and then ensures a best confidence for the prediction; coupling algorithms of different numerical components implementation with a high level programming language (Python ); use of the Open Source Salome platform environment in order to ensure modularity and versatility of ALLIANCES. Salome platform gives access to the following generic tools: graphic user interface, geometry and meshing generator, visualization, calculation supervision (definition and distribution of calculation sequences). (authors)

  3. Global innovation generation and financial performance in business-to-business relationships: The case of cross-border alliances in the pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, J.; Sivakumar, K.; Roy, S; Hanvanich, S

    2011-01-01

    The past few decades have witnessed a significant increase in the number of cross-border strategic alliances among firms. We focus on the role of alliance expertise (alliance experience and diversity of partners) and alliance governance (horizontal vs. vertical alliances and joint venture vs. other alliances) in global innovation generation. We also examine the effect of these variables on the financial performance of the focal firm. The conceptual model is tested using an empirical analysis ...

  4. Stereo-vision-based perception capabilities developed during the Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliances program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Arturo; Bajracharya, Max; Huertas, Andres; Howard, Andrew; Moghaddam, Baback; Brennan, Shane; Ansar, Adnan; Tang, Benyang; Turmon, Michael; Matthies, Larry

    2010-04-01

    The Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliances (RCTA) program, which ran from 2001 to 2009, was funded by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and managed by General Dynamics Robotic Systems. The alliance brought together a team of government, industrial, and academic institutions to address research and development required to enable the deployment of future military unmanned ground vehicle systems ranging in size from man-portables to ground combat vehicles. Under RCTA, three technology areas critical to the development of future autonomous unmanned systems were addressed: advanced perception, intelligent control architectures and tactical behaviors, and human-robot interaction. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) participated as a member for the entire program, working four tasks in the advanced perception technology area: stereo improvements, terrain classification, pedestrian detection in dynamic environments, and long range terrain classification. Under the stereo task, significant improvements were made to the quality of stereo range data used as a front end to the other three tasks. Under the terrain classification task, a multi-cue water detector was developed that fuses cues from color, texture, and stereo range data, and three standalone water detectors were developed based on sky reflections, object reflections (such as trees), and color variation. In addition, a multi-sensor mud detector was developed that fuses cues from color stereo and polarization sensors. Under the long range terrain classification task, a classifier was implemented that uses unsupervised and self-supervised learning of traversability to extend the classification of terrain over which the vehicle drives to the far-field. Under the pedestrian detection task, stereo vision was used to identify regions-of-interest in an image, classify those regions based on shape, and track detected pedestrians in three-dimensional world coordinates. To improve the detectability of partially occluded

  5. Social media as a marketing tool versus strategic alliance acomparison.

    OpenAIRE

    Kjellnäs, Mikael

    2015-01-01

    This report is based on two different approaches that companies could use in order to develop their business. These approaches are: Social Media Marketing and Strategic Alliances. A detailed theory study explains what these approaches are and how they are used. This study was done from a startup company’s point of view. Startup companies are also called startups and the results found are based on how these two approaches are and could best be utilized by startups.The results indicate that the...

  6. Church Asylum - new strategies, alliances and modes of resistance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Martin Bak

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the possibilities for democratic transformation in a landscape of political closure. Taking the case of Church Asylum [Kirkeasyl] as an example of new ways of resistance and participation in contemporary Denmark the articles argues that although the established political...... channels are characterised by closure alternatives may be formulated outside the parliamentarian system. Using contemporary perspectives on social critique and mobilization the article looks back at Church Asylum in 2009 and discuss the alliances, strategies and modes of resistance used during the event....... The article draws on a framework derived from political sociology and critical theory....

  7. An improved model of alliances between political parties

    CERN Document Server

    Bagarello, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We consider an operatorial model of alliances between three political parties which interact with their electors, with the undecided voters, and with the electors of the other parties. This extends what was done in a previous paper, where this last type of interactions was not considered. Of course, taking them into account makes the system closer to real life. To produce an exactly solvable model, we restrict here to quadratic Hamiltonians, so that the equations of motion turn out to be linear. The dynamics of the so-called {\\em decision functions} are deduced, and some explicit situations are considered in details.

  8. Trade and the Development of the Pacific Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    José Armando Hernández Bernal; Luis Guillermo Muñoz Angulo

    2015-01-01

    The Pacific Alliance is a process of deep integration among Colombia, Chile, Peru and Mexico, which aims to build a free trade area and to project into the Asia-Pacific region, in order to enhance existing trade agreements among the members. There is no deep trade relationships among these four countries, despite having regional agreements since the 1990s, as demonstrated by the low volume of reciprocal exports and imports, in addition to the low indicator of intra-industrial trade. In this p...

  9. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ..., at 74 FR 31536. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surety Bond Branch at (202) 874-6850. SUPPLEMENTARY... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company....C. 9305 to the following company: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company (NAIC 36897)....

  10. Measuring Therapeutic Alliance with Children in Residential Treatment and Therapeutic Day Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roest, Jesse; van der Helm, Peer; Strijbosch, Eefje; van Brandenburg, Mariëtte; Stams, Geert Jan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined the construct validity and reliability of a therapeutic alliance measure (Children's Alliance Questionnaire [CAQ]) for children with psychosocial and/or behavioral problems, receiving therapeutic residential care or day care in the Netherlands. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis of a one-factor model ''therapeutic…

  11. Therapeutic Alliance in Telephone-Administered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Survivors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applebaum, Allison J.; DuHamel, Katherine N.; Winkel, Gary; Rini, Christine; Greene, Paul B.; Mosher, Catherine E.; Redd, William H.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: A strong therapeutic alliance has been found to predict psychotherapeutic treatment success across a variety of therapeutic modalities and patient populations. However, only a few studies have examined therapeutic alliance as a predictor of psychotherapy outcome among cancer survivors, and none have examined this relation in…

  12. Professional Development and the Teaching Schools Experiment in England: Leadership Challenges in an Alliance's First Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, Simon

    2016-01-01

    This article reports findings from the first year of a longitudinal, mixed-methods case study of a large teaching school alliance in England. This national initiative is intended to drive improvement at system level by grouping schools around formally designated teaching schools. These "alliances" work collaboratively to share learning,…

  13. Pretreatment Social Relations, Therapeutic Alliance, and Improvements in Parenting Practices in Parent Management Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazdin, Alan E.; Whitley, Moira K.

    2006-01-01

    The authors examined the parent-therapist alliance in parent management training for children (N = 218; 53 girls and 165 boys, ages 2-14) referred clinically for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behavior. The interrelations of pretreatment parent social relationships, the parent-therapist alliance over the course of treatment, and…

  14. 77 FR 75200 - AllianceBernstein Active ETFs, Inc., et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... COMMISSION AllianceBernstein Active ETFs, Inc., et al.; Notice of Application December 13, 2012. AGENCY...Bernstein Active ETFs, Inc. (``Corporation''), AllianceBernstein L.P. (``Adviser''), and ALPS Distributors... Business Day's NAV and the market closing price or mid-point of the bid/ask spread at the time...

  15. Relation of Patient Pretreatment Characteristics to the Therapeutic Alliance in Diverse Psychotherapies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaston, Louise; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Investigated prediction of therapeutic alliance from patient pretreatment characteristics among 60 elderly depressed outpatients treated in behavioral, cognitive, and brief dynamic psychotherapy. Found that higher degree of patient defensiveness was related to lower patient contribution to alliance as reflected in patient commitment and working…

  16. Correlates of Therapeutic Alliance and Treatment Outcomes among Israeli Female Methadone Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiff, Miriam; Levit, Shabtay

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: This study examines potential predictors (e.g., attachment style, frequency of therapeutic treatment sessions) of client-rated therapeutic alliance between the social worker and client. The relationship between therapeutic alliance and client's psychological outcomes (hope and posttraumatic stress symptoms [PTS's]) was also assessed.…

  17. Alliance and Outcome in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescent Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirk, Stephen R.; Gudmundsen, Gretchen; Kaplinski, Heather Crisp; McMakin, Dana L.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined predictive relations between therapeutic alliance and treatment outcomes in manual-guided, cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression. Fifty-four adolescents met criteria for a depressive disorder and were treated in school-based clinics. Alliance was measured after the third session from both therapist and…

  18. Management of Cultural Differences under Various Forms of China-UK Higher Education Strategic Alliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaoqing; Roberts, Joanne; Yan, Yanni; Tan, Hui

    2016-01-01

    International strategic alliances are notorious for their high failure rate. Increased inter-partner conflict resulting from ineffective cross-cultural management is perceived to be one of the key reasons for unsatisfactory alliance performance. Driven by globalization, universities are extending into foreign markets through the establishment of…

  19. Chinese Cultural Values and Their Applicability of Successful Sino-Foreign Educational Alliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Mike

    2006-01-01

    Alliances between Chinese and foreign usually western universities continue to attract considerable attention and one of the issues which remains of particular interest is the cross cultural dimension of such alliances and, in particular, the importance of understanding various strands and aspects of Chinese culture when negotiating and managing a…

  20. Reciprocal Influence of Alliance to the Group and Outcome in Day Treatment for Eating Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasca, Giorgio A.; Lampard, Amy M.

    2012-01-01

    The nature of the alliance-outcome relationship is still emerging. This study examined the reciprocal influence of change in alliance to the group and change in urge to restrict in eating-disordered individuals attending a group-based day treatment. Participants (N = 238) were a transdiagnostic or mixed diagnostic sample of eating-disordered…

  1. The Therapy Alliance: A Moderator in Therapy Outcome for Families Dealing with Child Abuse and Neglect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Lee N.; Ketring, Scott A.

    2006-01-01

    The role of the therapy alliance in therapy outcome for families dealing with child abuse and neglect was examined using the family as the unit of analysis. The alliance was tested as a moderator in relationship to posttreatment levels of symptom distress and physical violence. Results show that the bonds, goals, and tasks subscale scores are…

  2. Fracturing alliance allows economical production of massive diatomite oil reserves: A case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As North American oilfield operations mature, there is a perceptible loosening of the autocratic ties between oil companies and contractors. They are being replaced by alliances or partnerships designed to minimize cost while improving profitability of the companies involved. This paper evaluates a mature alliance, its implementation, structure, and results

  3. Cooperative Marketing alliances for New Products Commercialization as an entrepreneurial strategy; an Analytical-Comparative Study of Football Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salimi, Mehdi; Zarea, Hadi; Khajeheian, Datis

    2012-01-01

    of marketing in some pioneering football clubs studied as a benchmark for success. In conclusion researchers suggest the promotion to co-marketing as a strategic alliance between football club and sponsor, so that mutual benefit can help football clubs to cover a greater part of their costs and have better...... usage from their equities, and help the business enterprise to joy from popularity of football club to exploit the market potential. Study results that cooperative marketing may offer an entrepreneurial approach to new product commercialization, and will promote the marketing abilities of football clubs....

  4. Pricing Mechanism Design for Centralized Pollutant Treatment with SME Alliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuyu; Huang, Bo; Tao, Fengming

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we assume that a professional pollutant treatment enterprise treats all of the pollutants emitted by multiple small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In order to determine the treatment price, SMEs can bargain with the pollutant treatment enterprise individually, or through forming alliances. We propose a bargaining game model of centralized pollutant treatment to study how the pollutant treatment price is determined through negotiation. Then, we consider that there is a moral hazard from SMEs in centralized pollutant treatment; in other words, they may break their agreement concerning their quantities of production and pollutant emissions with the pollutant treatment enterprise. We study how the pollutant treatment enterprise can prevent this by pricing mechanism design. It is found that the pollutant treatment enterprise can prevent SMEs’ moral hazard through tiered pricing. If the marginal treatment cost of the pollutant treatment enterprise is a constant, SMEs could bargain with the pollutant treatment enterprise individually, otherwise, they should form a grand alliance to bargain with it as a whole. PMID:27338440

  5. Pricing Mechanism Design for Centralized Pollutant Treatment with SME Alliances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuyu; Huang, Bo; Tao, Fengming

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we assume that a professional pollutant treatment enterprise treats all of the pollutants emitted by multiple small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In order to determine the treatment price, SMEs can bargain with the pollutant treatment enterprise individually, or through forming alliances. We propose a bargaining game model of centralized pollutant treatment to study how the pollutant treatment price is determined through negotiation. Then, we consider that there is a moral hazard from SMEs in centralized pollutant treatment; in other words, they may break their agreement concerning their quantities of production and pollutant emissions with the pollutant treatment enterprise. We study how the pollutant treatment enterprise can prevent this by pricing mechanism design. It is found that the pollutant treatment enterprise can prevent SMEs' moral hazard through tiered pricing. If the marginal treatment cost of the pollutant treatment enterprise is a constant, SMEs could bargain with the pollutant treatment enterprise individually, otherwise, they should form a grand alliance to bargain with it as a whole. PMID:27338440

  6. Unprecedented alliance in preparation for electric vehicle battery recycling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, D.G. [Toxco Inc., Anaheim, CA (United States)

    2000-07-01

    As electric and hybrid vehicles gain a larger part of the automobile market, it is expected that large volumes of electric and hybrid vehicles lead, nickel, and lithium batteries will be required. To meet the demand, the largest recycler of lithium batteries in the world, Toxco Inc. formed an alliance with Kinsbursky Brothers Inc. (KBI). KBI is considered to be one of the most reputable and largest non-lithium battery management companies in the United States. The objective of the alliance is to offer a one-stop battery recycling service with direct recycling facilities, a single point for battery management and recycling. The elimination of the middle-man in the recycling process and the elimination of the redundant logistics are expected to yield cost savings, both for the companies and the customers. This recycling service is offered for all common and other battery types. A major benefit of the recycling program is found in the reduction of volumes of hazardous and/or reactive waste in incineration facilities or landfills. tabs., figs.

  7. Future of the U.S.-Japan security alliance [electronic resource] : foundation for a multilateral security regime in Asia?

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Keith W.

    2003-01-01

    The U.S.-Japan Security Alliance was the foundation of the United States' bilateral alliance system during the Cold War. The alliance suffered severe strains in the immediate aftermath of the Cold War primarily due to the loss of its primary mission, containment of Soviet expansion. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 breathed new life into the alliance. Japan quickly joined in the anti-terrorism coalition, providing logistical support to U.S. forces involved in the War on Terrorism. ...

  8. The motivation for strategic alliance formation: A case study between FAW-Volkswagen and FAW-Toyota

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, L

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the concept of strategic alliance, motivations for strategic alliances formation and criteria for selecting strategic partners. At the same time, it integrates present situations of the international and domestic automobile industries. By analysis and comparison of motives between strategic alliance of FAW-Volkswagen and that of FAW-Toyota, it sums up reasons of China's automobile industry joining strategic alliances and problems that will occur. This paper aims at pro...

  9. Reentrant phase transitions and defensive alliances in social dilemmas with informed strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szolnoki, Attila; Perc, Matjaž

    2015-05-01

    Knowing the strategy of an opponent in a competitive environment conveys obvious evolutionary advantages. But this information is costly, and the benefit of being informed may not necessarily offset the additional cost. Here we introduce social dilemmas with informed strategies, and we show that this gives rise to two cyclically dominant triplets that form defensive alliances. The stability of these two alliances is determined by the rotation velocity of the strategies within each triplet. A weaker strategy in a faster rotating triplet can thus overcome an individually stronger competitor. Fascinating spatial patterns favor the dominance of a single defensive alliance, but enable also the stable coexistence of both defensive alliances in very narrow regions of the parameter space. A continuous reentrant phase transition reveals before unseen complexity behind the stability of strategic alliances in evolutionary social dilemmas.

  10. Reentrant phase transitions and defensive alliances in social dilemmas with informed strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Szolnoki, Attila

    2015-01-01

    Knowing the strategy of an opponent in a competitive environment conveys obvious evolutionary advantages. But this information is costly, and the benefit of being informed may not necessarily offset the additional cost. Here we introduce social dilemmas with informed strategies, and we show that this gives rise to two cyclically dominant triplets that form defensive alliances. The stability of these two alliances is determined by the rotation velocity of the strategies within each triplet. A weaker strategy in a faster rotating triplet can thus overcome an individually stronger competitor. Fascinating spatial patterns favor the dominance of a single defensive alliance, but enable also the stable coexistence of both defensive alliances in very narrow regions of the parameter space. A continuous reentrant phase transition reveals before unseen complexity behind the stability of strategic alliances in evolutionary social dilemmas.

  11. Building alliances for improving newborn health in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller-Petrie, Molly K; Mazia, Goldy; Serpa, Magdalena; Pooley, Bertha; Marshall, Margaret; Meléndez, Carlos; Vicuña, Marisol

    2014-07-01

    The regional Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) Neonatal Alliance and national neonatal alliances in Bolivia, El Salvador, and Peru were studied through in-depth interviews and a review of publications. Findings were analyzed to distill successful strategies, structures, and tools for improving neonatal health by working through alliances that can be replicated at the regional or national level. The studies found the following factors were the most critical for successful outcomes from alliance work: inclusion of the Ministry of Health as a leader or primary stakeholder; a committed, diverse, technically expert, and horizontal membership; the presence of champions for neonatal health at the national level; development of a shared work plan based on feasible objectives; the use of shared financing mechanisms; the use of informal and dynamic organizational structures; and a commitment to scientific evidence-based programming. The relationship between the regional and national alliances was found to be mutually beneficial. PMID:25211677

  12. Establishing Efficient C2C E-alliance Based on Mobile Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Xiao-bing; GUO Shun-sheng; GUO Jun

    2010-01-01

    In order to alleviate difficulties of conducting consumer-to-consumer(C2C)e-commerce transaction,establishing efficient e-alliance was proposed.E-alliance is the union of e-commerce sites.It is constructed by mobile agents.The mobile agent architecture was discussed.The process of selecting suitable e-commerce site to e-alliance was presented based on support vector machine(SVM)and fuzzy method.A prototype of the proposed system is implemented on a web platform.To enable data exchange between e-alliance and e-commerce,the system employs XML as data format.The prototype has demonstrated that the efficient C2C e-alliance is reasonable.

  13. Contribution of Patient Defense Mechanisms and Therapist Interventions to the Development of Early Therapeutic Alliance in a Brief Psychodynamic Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Despland, Jean-Nicolas; de Roten, Yves; Despars, Josée; Stigler, Michael; Perry, J. Christopher

    2001-01-01

    This preliminary study examined how patients' defense mechanisms and psychotherapists' techniques influence early alliance formation. The authors assessed the relationships among defense mechanisms, therapist interventions, and the development of alliance in a sample of 12 patients undergoing Brief Psychodynamic Investigation (4 sessions). Alliance development occurred rapidly and was clearly established by the third session. Neither defensive functioning nor supportive or exploratory interve...

  14. School Climate, Individual Support, or Both? Gay-Straight Alliances and the Mental Health of Sexual Minority Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walls, N. Eugene; Wisneski, Hope; Kane, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Using a sample of 284 sexual minority youth and young adults, this paper examines the relationships between mental health variables, the absence or presence of a gay-straight alliance, and membership status in a gay-straight alliance. The results suggest that the presence of a gay-straight alliance in a school or college, rather than actual…

  15. The relationship between alliance and client involvement in CBT for child anxiety disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLeod, Bryce D; Islam, Nadia Y; Chiu, Angela W; Smith, Meghan M; Chu, Brian C; Wood, Jeffrey J

    2014-01-01

    Little is known about the nature of the relationship between the alliance and client involvement in child psychotherapy. To address this gap, we examined the relationship between these therapy processes over the course of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for child anxiety disorders. The sample was 31 child participants (M age = 9.58 years, SD = 2.17, range = 6-13 years, 67.7% boys; 67.7% Caucasian, 6.5% Latino, 3.2% Asian/Pacific Islander, and 22.6% mixed/other) diagnosed with a primary anxiety disorder. The participants received a manual-based individual CBT program for child anxiety or a manual-based family CBT program for child anxiety. Ratings of alliance and client involvement were collected on early (Session 2) and late (Session 8) treatment phases. Two independent coding teams rated alliance and client involvement. Change in alliance positively predicted late client involvement after controlling for initial levels of client involvement. In addition, change in client involvement positively predicted late alliance after controlling for initial levels of the alliance. The findings were robust after controlling for potentially confounding variables. In CBT for child anxiety disorders, change in the alliance appears to predict client involvement; however, client involvement also appears to predict the quality of the alliance. Our findings suggest that the nature of the relationship between alliance and client involvement may be more complex than previously hypothesized. In clinical practice, tracking alliance and level of client involvement could help optimize the impact and delivery of CBT for child anxiety. PMID:24245994

  16. Sharing competences in strategic alliances: a case study of the Cosan and Shell biofuel venture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Florêncio de Almeida

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In a competitive world, the way a firm establishes its organizational arrangements may determine the enhancement of its core competences and the possibility of reaching new markets. Firms that find their skills to be applicable in just one type of market encounter constraints in expanding their markets, and through alliances may find a competitive form of value capture. Hybrid forms of organization appear primarily as an alternative to capturing value and managing joint assets when the market and hierarchy modes do not present any yields for the firm's competitiveness. As a result, this form may present other challenging issues, such as the allocation of rights and principal-agent problems. The biofuel market has presented a strong pattern of changes over the last 10 years. New intra-firm arrangements have appeared as a path to participate or survive among global competition. Given the need for capital to achieve better results, there has been a consistent movement of mergers and acquisitions in the Biofuel sector, especially since the 2008 financial crisis. In 2011 there were five major groups in Brazil with a grinding capacity of more than 15 million tons per year: Raízen (joint venture formed by Cosan and Shell, Louis Dreyfus, Tereos Petrobras, ETH, and Bunge. Major oil companies have implemented the strategy of diversification as a hedge against the rising cost of oil. Using the alliance of Cosan and Shell in the Brazilian biofuel market as a case study, this paper analyses the governance mode and challenging issues raised by strategic alliances when firms aim to reach new markets through the sharing of core competences with local firms. The article is based on documentary research and interviews with Cosan's Investor Relations staff, and examines the main questions involving hybrid forms through the lens of the Transaction Cost Economics (TCE, Agency Theory, Resource Based View (RBV, and dynamic capabilities theoretical approaches. One

  17. Transfer of Marketing Know-How in International Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Investigation of the Role and Antecedents of Knowledge Ambiguity

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard L Simonin

    1999-01-01

    The competitive nature of knowledge transfer and the process of organizational learning between partners constitute a fundamental challenge for both academics and practitioners alike. By focusing on one type of competency - marketing know-how - this research examines the role of knowledge ambiguity pertaining to the process of knowledge transfer in international strategic alliances. Based on a cross-sectional sample of 151 multinationals and a structural equation methodology, this study empir...

  18. Report on Proceedings of the 19th Annual Meeting of the Global Alliance for Medical Education, Coral Gables, Florida, USA, 18–20 May 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Ron

    2014-01-01

    Participants from North, South, and Central America; Europe; Asia; and Australia attended the 19th annual meeting of the Global Alliance for Medical Education in Coral Gables, Florida, the United States between 18 and 20 May 2014. The educational and networking sessions focused on the impact of technology, research, and innovative approaches in continuing medical education and continuing professional development (CME/CPD). A series of invited presentations dealt with medical education researc...

  19. The role of nutrition for pressure ulcer management: national pressure ulcer advisory panel, European pressure ulcer advisory panel, and pan pacific pressure injury alliance white paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posthauer, Mary Ellen; Banks, Merrilyn; Dorner, Becky; Schols, Jos M G A

    2015-04-01

    Nutrition and hydration play an important role in preserving skin and tissue viability and in supporting tissue repair for pressure ulcer (PrU) healing. The majority of research investigating the relationship between nutrition and wounds focuses on PrUs. This white paper reviews the 2014 National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance Nutrition Guidelines and discusses nutrition strategies for PrU management. PMID:25775201

  20. Infrastructure Development of the Science and Engineering Alliance (IDSEA). Annual report, 1995--1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This document is intended to serve two purposes: (1) a program status report on the progress the Science and Engineering Alliance (SEA) made since receiving initial Department of Energy (DOE) support for infrastructure development; and (2) a summary report of the activities administered by the SEA compiled in a single document under the auspices of the SEA Program. In 1995, a universal resource locator (URL) on the World Wide Web (WWW) was established for easy access to pertinent information about the SEA Program. The information pointed to by the URL is updated periodically, and the interested reader is urged to access the WWW for more information. The SEA is a university-government-industry partnership that seeks ways to enhance the research and teaching capability of its members. The SEA program continues to evolve into a very successful interdisciplinary program. It is a model inter-HBCU collaboration, and an excellent example of how cooperation between universities and a national laboratory can capitalize on their individual strengths to expand research opportunities for minority students and researchers. The members are committed to developing collaborative research programs, enhance teaching techniques, and modify science and engineering curriculum to improve student training.

  1. Adolescent and parent alliances with therapists in Brief Strategic Family Therapy with drug-using Hispanic adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Michael S; Mayorga, Carla C; Mitrani, Victoria B; Szapocznik, José; Turner, Charles W; Alexander, James F

    2008-07-01

    This study examined the relationship between alliance and retention in family therapy. Alliance was examined at the individual (parent, adolescent) and family level (within-family differences) for families that either dropped out or completed family therapy. Participants were 31 Hispanic adolescents and their family members who received brief strategic family therapy for the treatment of adolescent drug use. Videotapes of first sessions were rated to identify parent and adolescent alliances with the therapist. Results demonstrated that Completer cases had significantly higher levels of alliance across all family members than Dropout cases, and Dropout cases had significantly higher unbalanced alliances than Completer cases. Clinical implications are discussed. PMID:18717922

  2. Study on the knowledge management of strategic alliances in high technology enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Yu; WANG Hong-qi; WANG Shan-shan

    2005-01-01

    With the development of knowledge economy, the competition between high technology enterprises has gradually evolved into the competition of core competence based on knowledge, because high technology enterprises are typical knowledge-based enterprises. Few enterprises, especially for high technology firms, have all of the knowledge they need to compete effectively in the marketplace both at home and abroad, so more and more high technology companies are taking the advantage of strategic alliances to get their complementary knowledge. Since knowledge is the source of an enterprise' s competitiveness, knowledge management has become the most important means for enterprises to gain competitive advantage. There has been an increased growth in the literature on strategic alliances in recent decades. But what is less discussed in the existing literature on strategic alliances is the issue of knowledge management of strategic alliances in high technology enterprises. Based on the characteristics of strategic alliances in high technology enterprises, and in line with the implication and the goal of knowledge management, this study tries to delve into this issue. The paper analyzes the key factors relevant to the knowledge management of strategic alliances in high technology enterprises and proposes guide lines on the process and measures that should be taken in the knowledge management of strategic alliances in high technology enterprises.

  3. GENERALIZED LANDSCAPE THEORY: AGENT-BASED APPROACH TO ALLIANCE FORMATIONS IN CIVIL AVIATION INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kyoichi Kijima

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to generalize Landscape theory proposed by R.Axelrod and, then, to apply it to the civil aviation industry for simulating alliance formations in it. Landscape theory provides a well-known agent-based simulation model for analyzing alliance (or coalition) formation process. When a set N of agents or autonomous decision makers is given, the theory assumes that each agent tries to make a coalition in such a way that the resulting alliance minimizes its frustration. The theory is essentially based on two premises. One is that a propensity is symmetric,i.e., the propensity of agent i toward j is exactly the same as that of j toward i for anyagents i and j in N. The other is that the number of alliances is restricted to two, i.e., at any moment N is partitioned into two parties. Though the two basic premises underpin the theory and make the model simple and operational, they do not always reflect alliance formation processes in a realistic way. A generalized Landscape theory that this paper proposes removes them and allows asymmetric propensity and existence of alliances of any number. Since the premises are essential for the model, the generalization requires a drastic reconstruction of the whole idea of the theory. Finally, we analyze a real alliance formation process in the civil aviation industry.This analysis provides interesting insights about the industry as well as some validation of our generalized Landscape theory.

  4. The parent-child-therapist alliance: A case study using a strategic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, Thirusha; Behari, Sheethal

    2010-06-01

    In this paper we present a single case study of a clinical approach that addresses the needs of parents and their children in psychotherapy. The approach begins by addressing the child's and parent's concerns separately at first by establishing strong therapeutic alliances with each, and then proceeds to address the concerns of the parent-child dyad. The basic premise is that the therapeutic alliance is the central element to successful outcomes in psychotherapy. The nature of alliance-building and its associated methods and techniques have been extensively considered for adult therapy. However, there is considerably less written on the therapeutic alliance with children and adolescents in the context of family interventions. We briefly examine some theoretical dimensions and applications of the therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy with children/adolescents and their parents. A three-phase alliance-building psychotherapy strategy, founded on the idea that each therapeutic relationship warrants an effective working alliance, is proposed. The case of a single mother and her adolescent daughter is employed to illustrate the strategy. PMID:25859699

  5. Of Iron or Wax? The Effect of Economic Integration on the Reliability of Military Alliances***

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vobolevičius Vincentas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze what determines if a military alliance represents a credible commitment. More precisely, we verify if economic integration of military allies increases the deterrent capability of an alliance, and its effectiveness in the case of third-party aggression. We propose that growing intra-alliance trade creates audience costs and sunk costs for political leaders who venture to violate conditions of an alliance treaty. Therefore, intensive trade can be regarded as a signal of allies’ determination to aid one another in the case of third party aggression, and a deterrent of such aggression. Regression analysis of bilateral fixed-term mutual defense agreements concluded between 1945 and 2003 reveals that large trade volumes among military allies indeed reduce the likelihood that their political leaders will breach alliance commitments. Intra-alliance trade also displays a number of interesting interaction effects with the other common predictors of military alliance reliability such as shared allies’ interests and values, symmetry of their military capabilities, their geographic location and domestic political institutions.

  6. Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance 2nd Annual Workshop Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Energy Technology Laboratory

    2001-03-30

    The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are pleased to provide the proceedings of the second annual Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Workshop held on March 29-30, 2001 in Arlington. The package includes the presentations made during the workshop, a list of participants, and the results of the breakout sessions. Those sessions covered stack materials and processes, power electronics, balance of plant and thermal integration, fuel processing technologies, and stack and system performance modeling. The breakout sessions have been reported as accurately as possible; however, due to the recording and transcription process errors may have occurred. If you note any significant omissions or wish to provide additional information, we welcome your comments and hope that all stakeholder groups will use the enclosed information in their planning endeavors.

  7. German Alliance for the Protection of the Written Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermann Leskien

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available In March 2001, the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in collaboration with the Bayerische Versicherungsbank (a corporate subsidiary of the well-known insurance company „Allianz” organized a congress on „Strategies of Preservation and Conservation”. During the meeting it was proposed not to wait for comprehensive solutions offered by the governmental authorities responsible for the maintenance of libraries and archives, but to tackle the problem by initiatives started within the respective organizations. As early as in June, a steering committee of representatives from libraries and archives met to establish a study group called „Deutsche Allianz zum Schutz des schriftlichen Kulturguts” (German Alliance for the Protection of the Written Heritage. At present, the committee is about to define its status and functions, its main objectives and its organizational form, but there are some clear indications of future activities which will be analyzed below.

  8. VLSI Design with Alliance Free CAD Tools: an Implementation Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chávez-Bracamontes Ramón

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the methodology used for a digital integrated circuit design that implements the communication protocol known as Serial Peripheral Interface, using the Alliance CAD System. The aim of this paper is to show how the work of VLSI design can be done by graduate and undergraduate students with minimal resources and experience. The physical design was sent to be fabricated using the CMOS AMI C5 process that features 0.5 micrometer in transistor size, sponsored by the MOSIS Educational Program. Tests were made on a platform that transfers data from inertial sensor measurements to the designed SPI chip, which in turn sends the data back on a parallel bus to a common microcontroller. The results show the efficiency of the employed methodology in VLSI design, as well as the feasibility of ICs manufacturing from school projects that have insufficient or no source of funding

  9. Planning of Noncompetitive Multibarrel Alliance in Power Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Kurbatova Yuliya L.; Dolinskaya Raisa G.

    2012-01-01

    Possibilities and strategic reference-points of modernization of industry are considered within the framework of new organizational form – alliance.Рассмотрены возможности и стратегические ориентиры модернизации промышленности в рамках новой организационной формы – альянса

  10. Trajectory and predictors of alliance in cognitive behavioral therapy for youth anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Brian C; Skriner, Laura C; Zandberg, Laurie J

    2014-01-01

    Multilevel growth analysis was used to establish the shape of change (mean growth trajectory) for youth- and therapist-rated alliance in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxious youth and to identify between-youth predictors of alliance trajectory. Youth (N = 69; ages 7-17; 52.2% female) and their parents participated in an empirically supported CBT protocol. Therapists rated alliance each session and youth every four sessions. Data were fit to four growth models: linear, quadratic, a dual slope, and a novel "alliance rupture" model. Two-level models were estimated to examine the effect of youth age, sex, pretreatment symptom severity, diagnostic comorbidity, early treatment factors (use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors), and coping styles (engagement, disengagement, and involuntary coping). A dual slope model fit therapist data best, whereas youth data did not evidence systematic growth. Two-level growth models identified that pretreatment anxiety severity predicted higher initial alliance levels. Depressive symptoms predicted less linear growth and engagement coping predicted greater growth during exposure sessions. No variables predicted preexposure growth. In the therapist model, 22% of initial alliance, 50% of preexposure growth, and 75% of postexposure growth were accounted for by between youth variables (mood disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms, engagement and involuntary coping). Therapist-reported alliance ratings may grow over the course of manual-based CBT, even during exposure-focused sessions. Pretreatment youth factors and coping style may influence the absolute value and linear trajectory of alliance during CBT. Findings about alliance-influencing factors can help set expectations for, and enhance training in, empirically supported treatments. PMID:23581531

  11. Location and R&D alliances in the European ICT industry

    OpenAIRE

    Rajneesh Narula; Grazia D. Santangelo

    2007-01-01

    This paper shows empirically that in an intra-industry oligopolistic scenario the location of a firm's innovative activities plays an important role in determining its partner selection in R&D alliances. Such a role is mainly attributed to a strategic use of R&D alliances as a means to limit knowledge flows and protect competences, rather than to promote knowledge flows. By drawing on a novel dataset matching alliances and patent data for the European ICT industry, the econometric analysis sh...

  12. Innovation and Change in the Process of Alliance Formation in the Japanese Electronics Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lincoln, James R.; Guillot, Didier

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the changing process of strategic alliance formation in the Japanese electronics industry between 1985 and 1998. With data on 128 Japanese electronics/electrical machinery makers, we use a dyad panel regression methodology to address a series of hypotheses drawn from embeddedness and strong/weak tie theory on how keiretsu and prior alliance networks have constrained partner choice in new R&D and nonR&D alliances. We argue and find that the keiretsu effect is smaller on R&D...

  13. Alliances becoming more critical. Interview by Donald E.L. Johnson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, D P

    1992-07-01

    Too many hospitals underutilize the services of their alliances, primarily because of lack of commitment from the CEO and a failure to involve physicians in management, administration and planning, according to David P. Hunter, chief executive officer of The Hunter Group, in an interview with Donald E.L. Johnson, editor and publisher of Health Care Strategic Management. Increasingly, alliances will offer new kinds of information and data services. They may even take on medical training and educational functions to improve their members' competitive edge. In any event, Hunter says, alliances must do more to involve physicians in hospitalwide cost, quality and performance issues. PMID:10120287

  14. The Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (Des Moines, IA, April 29-May 3, 1992). [Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, James A., Ed.; Hoadley, Michael, Ed.

    This publication is designed to communicate the history and research activities of members of the Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. It presents summaries of 30 papers and conference presentations on such topics as pioneering physical educators; cholesterol in college football players;…

  15. The Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (Omaha, NE, April 29-May 2, 1993). [Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, James A., Ed.; Hoadley, Michael, Ed.

    This publication, designed to communicate the history and research activities of the Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, presents summaries of 20 papers. The papers focus on elementary physical education specialists; physical education instruction of classroom teachers; child care…

  16. World Alliance for Risk Factor Surveillance White Paper on Surveillance and Health Promotion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Campostrini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This is not a research paper on risk factor surveillance. It is an effort by a key group of researchers and practitioners of risk factor surveillance to define the current state of the art and to identify the key issues involved in the current practice of behavioral risk factor surveillance. Those of us who are the principal authors have worked and carried out research in this area for some three decades. As a result of a series of global meetings beginning in 1999 and continuing every two years since then, a collective working group of the International Union of Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE was formed under the name World Alliance of Risk Factor Surveillance (WARFS. Under this banner the organization sought to write a comprehensive statement on the importance of surveillance to health promotion and public health. This paper, which has been revised and reviewed by established peers in the field, is the result. It provides the reader with a clear summary of the major issues that need to be considered by any and all seeking to carry out behavioral risk factor surveillance.

  17. Study on the Impact of Procedural and Distributive Justice on Alliance Commitment: an Empirical Analysis Based on Chinese Hospital Alliances%程序公平和分配公平对联盟承诺的影响:基于中国医院联盟的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡昊雯; 史会斌; 李垣

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the influence of procedural and distributive justice on alliance commitment.Based on Chinese hospital alliances,this paper use factor analysis,hierarchical regression and moderating regression to test the hypotheses.The results indicate that procedural and distributive justice could enhance organizational commitment in alliances,and organizations which have different market position,based on the discrepancy of their characteristics,market environment and alliance position,would respond to different kinds of justice differently.These results constitute a challenge to the dominant perspective of procedural justice and can deepen the justice researches in alliances.%研究了程序公平和分配公平对联盟承诺的影响,基于我国医院联盟的背景和问卷调查,利用因子分析、层级回归和调节回归验证了相关假设。实证结果表明:程序公平和分配公平能够提高组织对联盟的承诺;具有不同市场地位的组织由于组织特征、市场环境和联盟地位的差异,对不同类型的公平具有不同的反应。这一结论对现有程序公平主导的观点提出了挑战,深化了现有关于联盟公平的研究。

  18. New Tendency of Vocational Education: From Group to Strategic Alliances --Based on the Research of the Development Status Quo of Chinese Vocational Education Group%职业教育:从集团化走向战略联盟——基于我国职业教育集团化发展现状的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽彬; 王卓

    2012-01-01

    职业教育集团化办学在我国教育改革与发展过程中发挥了重要的作用,但职业教育集团存在的区域性、行业性行政约束不利于其市场化竞争;职业教育集团成员间的从属关系不利于成员在更大区域范围的互利合作与发展。发展职业教育,实现职业教育集团化向职业教育战略联盟的跨越不仅是走市场化道路的必然选择,走开放式发展道路的客观要求,也是适应世界经济一体化,走国际化发展道路的必然趋势。当前,发展职业教育战略联盟,政府应明确角色定位,减少行政干预,加强市场引导与支持;职业院校应以服务经济为导向,加强自身能力建设,形成办学特色;企业应做好人才需求与实践培养的双向对接。%The school running of vocational education group has played an important role in the course of our educational reform and development. However, the locality and the industry administrative constraints of the vocational education group go against the marketizing competition; and the affiliations among the vocational education group members go against the mutual beneficial cooperation and development of the members in the broader area coverage. To develop vocational education and realize the crossing from vocational education group toward vocational education strategy alliances are not only the inevitable choice of the way to marketization, the objective requirement to take the road of opening development, but also the inevitable trend to adapt to the integration of the world economy and take the international developing path. Currently, to develop the vocational education strategy alliances, the government should clarify the role orientation, reduce administrative intervention, and strengthen market guidance and support; the vocational institutes should take the orientation of service economy and reinforce the construction of their own capability to form the school

  19. A Study of the Strategic Alliance for EMS Industry: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and GM (1, 1 Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia Nan Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a partner is a critical factor for success in international strategic alliances, although criteria for partner selection vary between developed and transitional markets. This study aims to develop effective methods to assist enterprise to measure the firms’ operation efficiency, find out the candidate priority under several different inputs and outputs, and forecast the values of those variables in the future. The methodologies are constructed by the concepts of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA and grey model (GM. Realistic data in four consecutive years (2009–2012 a total of 20 companies of the Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS industry that went public are completely collected. This paper tries to help target company—DMU1—to find the right alliance partners. By our proposed approach, the results show the priority in the recent years. The research study is hopefully of interest to managers who are in manufacturing industry in general and EMS enterprises in particular.

  20. A Study of the Strategic Alliance for EMS Industry: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and GM (1, 1) Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chia Nan; Tran, Thanh Tuyen; Huong, Bui Bich

    2015-01-01

    Choosing a partner is a critical factor for success in international strategic alliances, although criteria for partner selection vary between developed and transitional markets. This study aims to develop effective methods to assist enterprise to measure the firms' operation efficiency, find out the candidate priority under several different inputs and outputs, and forecast the values of those variables in the future. The methodologies are constructed by the concepts of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and grey model (GM). Realistic data in four consecutive years (2009–2012) a total of 20 companies of the Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS) industry that went public are completely collected. This paper tries to help target company—DMU1—to find the right alliance partners. By our proposed approach, the results show the priority in the recent years. The research study is hopefully of interest to managers who are in manufacturing industry in general and EMS enterprises in particular. PMID:25821859