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Sample records for angina pectoris patients

  1. High probability of disease in angina pectoris patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høilund-Carlsen, Poul F.; Johansen, Allan; Vach, Werner;

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: According to most current guidelines, stable angina pectoris patients with a high probability of having coronary artery disease can be reliably identified clinically. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reliability of clinical evaluation with or without an at-rest electrocardiogram (ECG......) in patients with a high probability of coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective series of 357 patients referred for coronary angiography (CA) for suspected stable angina pectoris were examined by a trained physician who judged their type of pain and Canadian Cardiovascular Society grade...... on CA. Of the patients who had also an abnormal at-rest ECG, 14% to 21% of men and 42% to 57% of women had normal MPS. Sex-related differences were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical prediction appears to be unreliable. Addition of at-rest ECG data results in some improvement, particularly...

  2. Non-Linear Dynamics In Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris

    CERN Document Server

    Krstacic, G; Vargovic, E; Knezevic, A; Krstacic, A

    2001-01-01

    We investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of fractal dimension and detrended fluctuation analysis by comparing the group of patients with stable angina pectoris without previous myocardial infarction with the group of age-matched healthy controls. The fractal dimension of the R-R series was determined using the rescaled range (R/S) analysis technique. To quantify fractal longe-range-correlation properties of heart rate variability, the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) technique was used. The heart rate variability was characterized by a scaling exponent $\\alpha$, separately for short-term ($$ 11 beats) time scales. The results of data sets show the existence of crossover phenomena between short-time scales. The short-term fractal scaling exponent was significantly lower in patients with stable angina pectoris.

  3. Anipamil prevents ST depression in patients with stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, C T; Sørum, C; Rasmussen, V;

    1993-01-01

    test with > or = 0.10 mV horizontal or down-sloping ST-segment depression and limited by angina pectoris, and at least 10 attacks of angina pectoris in the initial single-blind placebo period. During the placebo period, a total duration of transient myocardial ischemia > or = 0.10 mV during the 24-hour...

  4. Effect of anxiety and depression on endothelial function and inflammation degree of coronary heart disease patients with angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Ni; Xiang-Yang Xia; Ka Han; Yong-Xin Wu

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of anxiety and depression on endothelial function and inflammation degree of coronary heart disease patients with angina pectoris.Methods: 80 cases of patients diagnosed with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease in our hospital from May 2012 to August 2014 were enrolled for study; anxiety and depression were judged by anxiety subscale (HADS-a) and depression subscale (HADS-d). Endothelial progenitor cell and endothelial microparticle contents in peripheral blood as well as serum ET-1, CGRP, IL-6, IL-6R, IL-18, ADAMTS-1 and NO contents were detected.Results:EPC, NO and CGRP contents of angina pectoris patients with anxiety were lower than those of angina pectoris patients without anxiety, and EMP, ET-1, IL-6, IL-6R, IL-18 and ADAMTS-1 contents were higher than those of angina pectoris patients without anxiety; EPC, NO and CGRP contents of angina pectoris patients with depression were lower than those of angina pectoris patients without depression, and EMP, ET-1, IL-6, IL-6R, IL-18 and ADAMTS-1 contents were higher than those of angina pectoris patients without depression.Conclusions:Angina pectoris of coronary heart disease patients complicated with anxiety and depression have endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory reaction activation; endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory reaction activation are possible pathways that anxiety and depression cause the progression of coronary heart disease.

  5. Effects on blood pressure in patients with refractory angina pectoris after enhanced external counterpulsation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondesson, Susanne; Pettersson, Thomas; Ohlsson, Børje Ola Mattias;

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive technique that has been shown to reduce the frequency and severity of angina pectoris. Little is known how EECP affects the blood pressure. METHODS: 153 patients with refractory angina were treated with either EECP or retained...... on their pharmacological treatment (reference group). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate were measured pre- and post-treatment and at 12 months follow-up. RESULTS: EECP treatment altered the blood pressure in patients with...... refractory angina pectoris. A decrease in the blood pressure was more common in the EECP group compared with the reference group. In the reference group, an increase in the blood pressure was more common. A correlation between a decrease in blood pressure after EECP treatment and a higher baseline MAP, SBP...

  6. TREATMENT OPTIMIZATION IN PATIENTS WITH STABLE ANGINA PECTORIS: FOCUS ON VERAPAMIL SR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Sokolov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Possibilities of angina pectoris pharmacotherapy are analyzed. Achievement of target heart rate (HR 55-60 beats per minute in these patients is possible due to three classes of antianginal medications that slow down HR: beta blockers (BB, If-channel inhibitors, nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCB. Nondihydropyridine CCB verapamil in slow release (SR formulation is focused. The main results of randomized clinical trials (APSIS, VHAS, CRIS, EVERESTH, VAMPHYRE, INVEST, VESPA, DAVIT-1, DAVIT-2, which have proven efficacy and safety, are presented. Verapamil SR is indicated for the treatment of angina pectoris in patients without history of myocardial infarction (MI; angina patients experienced MI without systolic heart failure and with contraindications to BB; angina with arterial hypertension; left ventricular diastolic dysfunction; peripheral arteries obliterating atherosclerosis; silent myocardial ischemia; vasospastic angina; angina associated with supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias (especially in permanent atrial fibrillation except Wolff-Parkinson-White and Lown-Ganong-Levine syndromes; after coronary angioplasty and the placement of bare metal stents.

  7. Long-term effects of spinal cord stimulation on angina symptoms and quality of life in patients with refractory angina pectoris--results from the European Angina Registry Link Study (EARL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andréll, P; Yu, W; Gersbach, P;

    2010-01-01

    To assess the long-term effect of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) on angina symptoms and quality of life in patients with refractory angina pectoris defined as severe angina due to coronary artery disease resistant to conventional pharmacological therapy and/or revascularisation.......To assess the long-term effect of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) on angina symptoms and quality of life in patients with refractory angina pectoris defined as severe angina due to coronary artery disease resistant to conventional pharmacological therapy and/or revascularisation....

  8. Breviscapine Injection Improves the Therapeutic Effect of Western Medicine on Angina Pectoris Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuan Wang

    Full Text Available To evaluate the beneficial and adverse effects of breviscapine injection in combination with Western medicine on the treatment of patients with angina pectoris. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Science Citation Index, EMBASE, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Wanfang Database, the Chongqing VIP Information Database and the China Biomedical Database were searched to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs that evaluated the effects of Western medicine compared to breviscapine injection plus Western medicine on angina pectoris patients. The included studies were analyzed using RevMan 5.1.0 software. The literature search yielded 460 studies, wherein 16 studies matched the selection criteria. The results showed that combined therapy using Breviscapine plus Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone for improving angina pectoris symptoms (OR=3.77, 95% Cl: 2.76~5.15 and also resulted in increased electrocardiogram (ECG improvement (OR=2.77, 95% Cl: 2.16~3.53. The current evidence suggests that Breviscapine plus Western medicine achieved a superior therapeutic effect compared to Western medicine alone.

  9. Association between thyroid dysfunction and incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients with stable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐予

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the correlation between incidence of atrial fibrillation(AF)and thyroid dysfunction.Methods Patients with stable angina pectoris with thyroid function test results hospitalized at Fuwai Hospital from2011 Jan to 2011 Dec were included in this analysis(n=2 541).General clinical data and related biochemical parameters were analyzed.We divided patients into 5subgroups according to TSH levels:<0.55 mI U/L(n=105),0.55-2.49 mI U/L(n=1 599),2.50-4.77

  10. The effects of spinal cord stimulation on quality of life in patients with therapeutically chronic refractory angina pectoris

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vulink, NCC; Jessurun, GAJ; TenVaarwerk, IAM; Kropmans, TJB; van der Schans, CP; Middel, B; Staal, MJ; DeJongste, MJL; Hessurun, G.A.J.

    1999-01-01

    Objective. For patients with refractory angina pectoris, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a beneficial and safe adjuvant therapy. However, it has not yet been established whether SCS alters the quality of life (QoL) in these patients. Methods. In this study, 26 consecutive patients (age 61.3 +/- 7.0

  11. Electrical neuromodulation improves myocardial perfusion and ameliorates refractory angina pectoris in patients with syndrome X : fad or future?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jessurun, G; Hautvast, RWM; Tio, RA; DeJongste, M

    2003-01-01

    At present, there is no reliable antianginal drug therapy for patients with cardiac syndrome X. Therefore, the effect of electrical neuromodulation on refractory angina pectoris and myocardial perfusion in cardiac syndrome X was assessed. Eight patients (aged 55 +/- 7 years) with heterogeneous myoca

  12. Effect of Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP on Exercise Time Duration and Functional Capacity in Patients with Refractory Angina Pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bozorgi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP is a noninvasive technique used for patients with refractory angina pectoris. There are controversial data on the effectiveness of EECP in improving patients with refractory stable angina. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of EECP for the treatment of patients with refractory angina pectoris.Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with refractory angina pectoris were treated with EECP, and their symptoms, echocardiographic measures, treadmill exercise test parameters, and Canadian Cardiovascular Society Class were evaluated before and immediately after EECP. The patients were followed up for 6months post treatment.Results: There were significant differences regarding total exercise time before and after treatment (p value < 0.001. The patients showed a significant reduction in angina classes III and IV immediately after EECP (p value < 0.001; for most of the patients, these beneficial effects were sustained for 6 months (p value = 0.010. There was no significant improvement in the echocardiographic parameters.Conclusion: EECP decreased symptoms and increased total exercise time in our study population. These beneficial effectswere sustained for 6 months.

  13. Nitrate-Induced Headache in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris: Beneficial Effect of Starting on a Low Dosage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleophas, Ton J.M.; Niemeyer, Menco G.; van Der Wall, Ernst E.

    1996-12-01

    BACKGROUND: Nitrates, although important for the management of angina pectoris, cause significant headache in many patients. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, 89 patients with stable angina pectoris were used to compare two different dosage strategies of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (5-ISMN). Patients were randomized to either 60 mg 5-ISMN once daily (o.d.) for 2 weeks or 30 mg 5-ISMN o.d. for 1 week followed by 60 mg 5-ISMN o.d. for 1 week. A 2-week placebo wash-out ensued, after which the alternative treatment was given. We assessed the occurrence of angina pectoris and headache by diary cards while taking into account the numbers of isosorbide dinitrate sublingual puffs and paracetamole tables required. Data were assessed for carryover and time effects. RESULTS: The two dosage regimens were equally efficient for the relief of angina pectoris without development of tolerance. Thirty percent of the patients never experienced headache from the given dosages. The remainder showed a highly significant time-effect: The total numbers of headache attacks in the 1st period of active treatment were 2,380 vs 1,400 attacks is the 2nd period (p < 0.003), yet significantly fewer patients had headaches on low dosages than high ones (45 vs 57, p < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Starting on a low dosage was associated with reduced frequency and severity of headache and did not notably influence the beneficial effect of nitrates on angina pectoris. One in three patients never experienced headache from the given dosages. The overall number of headache attacks in the 1st period of active treatment was significantly higher than that of the 2nd period, irrespective of the dosages given. PMID:11862241

  14. SERUM LEVELS OF VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR IN PATIENTS WITH ANGINA PECTORIS AND ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹瑞兴; 冯建章; 陈旦红; 乌汉东

    2000-01-01

    Objective. To determine whether serum vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)concentrations are altered in several kinds of coronary heart disease patients. Materials and methods. Using a VEGF enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), serum VEGF concentra tions were determined in antecubital venous blood of 16 patients with stable angina pectoris(SAP), 16 with unstable angina pectoris(UAP) and 16 with acute myocardial infarction(AMI) before and after thrombolytic therapy, and of 16 age and sex-matched healthy volunteers who used as controls. Results. The concentrations of serum VEGF in patients with SAP(98.60 ± 26.99pg/ml) and UAP (103.61 ± 24.89pg/ml) tended to be higher than those in control subjects(80.44 ± 24.57pg/ml), but the differences did not reach statistical significance (P > 0.05 for each). Before throm bolytic therapy, the concentrations of serum VEGF in patients with AMI (285.92 ± 125.15pg/ml) were significantly higher than those in patients with SAP, UAP or control subjects ( P < 0.01 ,respectively), and correlated with synchronous serum creatine kinase (CK) and its MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) contents(r=0.866, P < 0.001 and r =0.948,P < 0.001;respectively). Three hours after thrombolysis, the concentrations of VEGF had fallen to 111.57 ± 31.29pg/ml ( P <0.01 vs. before thrombolytic therapy and P< 0.05 vs .control subjects). Conclusion. The present study shows that serum concentrations of VEGF in patients with AMI are markedly ele vated and that increased serum VEGF levels may be one of the most sensitive indexes in diagnosing AMI and judging reperfusion.

  15. SERUM LEVELS OF VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR IN PATIENTS WITH ANGINA PECTORIS AND ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹瑞兴; 冯建章; 陈旦红; 乌汉东

    2000-01-01

    Objective. To determine whether serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concontrafions are altered in several kinds of coronary heart disease patients. Materials and methods. Using a VEGF enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), serum VEGF concemra-tions were determined in anteotbital venous blood of 16 patients with stable angina pectoris(SAP), 16 with unstable angina pectoris(UAP) and 16 with acute myocardial infarcfion (AMI) before and after thrombolytic therapy, and d 16 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers who used as controls. Results. The concentrations of serum VEGF in patients with SAP(98.60 ± 26.99pg/ml) and UAP ( 103.61 ± 24.89pg/ml) tended to be higher than those in control subjects(80.44 ± 24.57pg/ml), but the differences did notreach statistical significance ( P > 0.05 for each). Before thrombolyfie therapy, the concentrations of serum VEGF in patients with AM1 (285.92 ± 125.15pg/ml) were significantly higher than those in patients with SAP, UAP or control subjects ( P < 0.01 ,respectively), and correlated with synchronous serum ereafine kinase (CK) and its MB iscenzyme (CK-MB) contents( r = 0.866, P < 0.001 and r = 0.948, P < 0.001 ;respectively). Three hours after thrombolysis,the concentrations of VEGF had fallen to 111.57 ± 31.29pg/ml ( P < 0.01 vs. before thrombelytie therapy and P <0. 05 vs. control subjects). Condusion. The present study shows that serum concentrafiom of VEGF in patients with AMI are markedly ele-vated and that increased serum VEGF levels may be one of the most sensitive indexes in diagnosing AMI and judging reperfnsion.

  16. Infuences of Previous Angina Pectoris on Coronary Collateral Circulation and Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗初凡; 杜志民; 胡承恒; 梅卫义; 伍贵富; 李怡; 马虹

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influences of previous angina pectoris on coronary collateral circulation and left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods 307 patients with a first episode acute myocardial infarction underwent selective coronary angiography and left ventriculography. The relation of previous angina pectoris to coronary collateral circulation, peak creatine kinase and left ventricular function were analyzed.Results ① In the 307 patients, there were 192(62.5 % ) with previous angina [PA ( + ) group] and 115 (37.5 % ) without [PA ( - ) group]. ②The peak creatine kinase (CK) and CK- MB were significantly higher in PA (-) group than in PA (+) group ( P < 0.05 for both comparisons) . ③ Collateral circulation to infarct- related artery was more likely to be present in PA (+) group than in PA (-) group ( P < 0.05) . ④ The left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly increased, and the left ventricular wall motion Cortina score decreased, in PA ( + ) group than in PA ( - ) group ( P < 0.01 for both comparisons) .Conclusion In patients with acute myocardial infarction, previous angina pectoris may have beneficial effects on coronary collateral circulation and left ventricular unction.

  17. The effects of spinal cord stimulation on quality of life in patients with therapeutically chronic refractory angina pectoris

    OpenAIRE

    Vulink, NCC; Jessurun, GAJ; TenVaarwerk, IAM; Kropmans, TJB; van der Schans, CP; Middel, B; Staal, MJ; DeJongste, MJL; Hessurun, G.A.J.

    1999-01-01

    Objective. For patients with refractory angina pectoris, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a beneficial and safe adjuvant therapy. However, it has not yet been established whether SCS alters the quality of life (QoL) in these patients. Methods. In this study, 26 consecutive patients (age 61.3 +/- 7.0 years, 13 females, angina duration 12.7 +/- 6.0 years) were recruited. Social, mental, and physical aspects of QoL were determined by Nottingham Health Profile (NHP I), depression scale (CES-D), s...

  18. Correlation between Timi Risk Score and Clinical Outcome in Patients with Unstable Angina Pectoris

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    Savovic Zorica

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Given Taking that the TIMI score is a major predictor of MACE, this study aimed to determine the value of the TIMI risk score in predicting poor outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, recurrent pain in patients presenting with unstable angina pectoris in short-term observation. A total of 107 patients with APns were examined at the Clinical Centre Kragujevac and were included in the investigation. The TIMI score was determined on the first day of hospitalization. During hospitalization, the following factors were also observed: troponin, ECG evolution, further therapy (pharmacologic therapy and/or emergency PCI or CABG, age, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia. The low-risk group (TIMI 0 - 2 included 30.8% of patients, whereas 47.6% of patients were in the intermediate-risk group (TIMI 3 - 4, and 21.5% of patients were in the high-risk group (TIMI 5 - 7. Good outcomes (without adverse event and poor outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, and recurring chest pain were dependent on the TIMI risk score. The increase in TIMI risk score per one unit increased the risk of a poor outcome by 54%. Troponin and TIMI risk score were positively correlated. Our results suggest that the TIMI risk score may be a reliable predictor of a poor outcome (MACE during the short-term observation of patients with APns. Moreover, patients identified as high-risk benefit from early invasive PCI, enoxaparin and Gp IIb/IIIa inhibitors. Th us, routine use of the TIMI risk score at admission may reduce the number of patients not recognized as high-risk.

  19. The effects of spinal cord stimulation on quality of life in patients with therapeutically chronic refractory angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vulink, N C; Overgaauw, D M; Jessurun, G A; Tenvaarwerk, I A; Kropmans, T J; van der Schans, C P; Middel, B; Staal, M J; Dejongste, M J

    1999-01-01

    Objective. For patients with refractory angina pectoris, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a beneficial and safe adjuvant therapy. However, it has not yet been established whether SCS alters the quality of life (QoL) in these patients. Methods. In this study, 26 consecutive patients (age 61.3 ± 7.0 years, 13 females, angina duration 12.7 ± 6.0 years) were recruited. Social, mental, and physical aspects of QoL were determined by Nottingham Health Profile (NHP I), depression scale (CES-D), scoring of angina pectoris attacks and short-acting nitroglycerine intake, pain score on the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), perceived health percentage, Satisfaction With Life scale (SWLS), and one-aspect Linear Analog Self Assessment scale (LASA). QoL outcomes at baseline were compared with reference values from healthy subjects. Within-group changes and magnitude of changes (effect size, ES) were assessed after 3 months and 1 year of SCS. Results. Compared to healthy subjects, the patients had significantly worse scores at baseline on NHP, SWLS, and LASA. After 3 months of SCS, NHP I aspect pain (ES = 1.39), AP-score (ES = 0.85), perceived health percentage (ES =- 0.80), NTG-use (ES = 1.08) and VAS-score (ES = 1.13) were all significantly improved (p pain, energy, emotional reactions, social isolation, sleep, and physical mobility (p 0.80). Conclusion. QoL in patients with refractory angina pectoris is poor. Both pain and health aspects of QoL improved significantly after 3 months of SCS. Social, mental, and physical aspects of QoL were found improved after 1 year of SCS. PMID:22151060

  20. Effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza on Hemorheology and vascular endothelial function in patients with unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Lian Chen; Sheng-Bing Huang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) on vascular endothelial function and hemorheology in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP).Methods: A total of 60 cases of UAP patients from October 2014 to October 2015 as the research object, randomly divided into treatment group and control group; the two groups were treated with conventional bed rest, ECG monitoring, oxygen inhalation, application of nitroglycerin, beta blockers, aspirin and antiplatelet, statin therapy, the treatment group based on the use of salvianolate 200 mg+5% glucose 250 mL (neutralization amount of 0.9% sodium chloride was used in patients with diabetes or glucose insulin) intravenous drip, 1 times/d, two groups were treated for 2 weeks; the two groups before and after treatment and take venous blood in the morning fasting peripheral blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, measured by automatic blood rheometer (low and middle shear and high shear rate), hematocrit and erythrocyte aggregation index, serum endothelin (ET) and nitric oxide (NO) level was measured by nitrate reductase Set.Results:after the treatment, the treatment group, the plasma viscosity, whole blood viscosity (low shear, cut and high shear rate), red blood cell hematocrit and red blood cell aggregation index decreased than the control group, there is statistical significance; after treatment, in treatment group, the serum NO level, et reduce degree is significantly better than the contrast group, there is statistical significance.Conclusion: Salvia miltiorrhiza can effectively improve blood rheology, improve microcirculation, regulate vascular endothelial function, effectively reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in UAP patients, it is worthy of clinical application.

  1. Relevance of 123I-BMIPP delayed scintigraphic imaging for patients with angina pectoris – a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Koyama, Kohei; Akashi, Yoshihiro J.; Kida, Keisuke; Suzuki, Kengo; Ishibashi, Yuki; Musha, Haruki; Banach, Maciej

    2011-01-01

    Introduction The study was designed to clarify the role of 123I-β-methyl-iodophenylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) in the evaluation of myocardial fatty acid metabolism in patients with stable angina pectoris (AP) before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Material and methods Ten controls (mean age: 70.4 ±10.5 years) and 12 patients with AP (mean age: 67.4 ±11.6 years) and single vessel coronary artery disease participated in the radionuclide cardiac study. Scintigraphic imag...

  2. Comparison of patients undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation and spinal cord stimulation for refractory angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondesson, Susanne; Pettersson, Thomas; Erdling, André;

    2008-01-01

    with refractory angina. METHODS: 153 patients with refractory angina were treated with either EECP, SCS, or were retained on their pharmacological treatment (control). Glyceryl trinitrate usage and Canadian Cardiovascular Society classification were registered at baseline, 6 and 12 months after therapy. RESULTS...

  3. Burden of Hospital Admission and Repeat Angiography in Angina Pectoris Patients with and without Coronary Artery Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Lasse; Abildstrom, Steen Z; Hvelplund, Anders;

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: To evaluate risk of hospitalization due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and repeat coronary angiography (CAG) in stable angina pectoris (SAP) with no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) versus obstructive CAD, and asymptomatic reference individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed 11......-, and 3-vessel disease, respectively (all Prepeat CAG with multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries being 2.3(1.9-2.9), for angiographically diffuse non-obstructive CAD 5.5(4.4-6.8) and for obstructive CAD...... 6.6-9.4(range)(all Prepeat CAG compared with asymptomatic reference...

  4. Myocardial ischemia and angina pectoris

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ambulatory monitoring of ST segment changes was performed in 60 patients presenting with angina, positive ECG stress tests and coronary artery disease, 85% of ischemic ECG events were asymptomatic, 37% occurred with no increase in heart rate and 15% of episodes either lasted 20 minutes or more or fluctuated in severity. A controlled pilot study in ten patients showed depression. Radionuclide studies in 50 patients with angina and coronary artery disease have shown that stress (i.e., atrial pacing) produced different patterns of disturbed regional myocardial perfusion related to the patient's exercise capacity and eventually leading to a decrease in regional myocardial perfusion during the ischemic episode. ST segment depression appeared only after the decrease in regional myocardial perfusion. These findings combined with past research suggest that patients with angina and coronary artery disease can suffer frequent asymptomatic disturbances of the regional myocardial perfusion. The frequency of these episodes and the time course for the recovery of the metabolic consequences mean that segments of ventricular myocardium may be constantly abnormal. The relative importance of changes in coronary tone and malfunction of platelets in the diseased coronary tree needs to be examined in clinical research. Pilot studies of antiplatelet agents have shown a significant beneficial effect on episodes of ischemia occurring at night and those occurring without any increase in heart rate. The techniques and observations in these patients with coronary artery disease all suggest that acute transient regional myocardial ischemia is caused by a variety of mechnisms. Further research using objective methods is required to discover the causes of ischemia and to rationalize treatment. (orig./MG)

  5. Plasma α1-antitrypsin: A Neglected Predictor of Angiographic Severity in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Zhao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: As an acute phase protein, α1-antitrypsin (AAT has been extensively studied in acute coronary syndrome, but it is unclear whether a relationship exists between AAT and stable angina pectoris (SAP. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between AAT plasma levels and SAP. Methods: Overall, 103 SAP patients diagnosed by coronary angiography and clinical manifestations and 118 control subjects matched for age and gender were enrolled in this case-control study. Plasma levels of AAT, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP, lipid profiles and other clinical parameters were assayed for all participants. The severity of coronary lesions was evaluated based on the Gensini score (GS assessed by coronary angiography. Results: Positively correlated with the GS (r = 0.564, P < 0.001, the plasma AAT level in the SAP group was significantly higher than that in the control group (142.08 ± 19.61 mg/dl vs. 125.50 ± 19.67 mg/dl, P < 0.001. The plasma AAT level was an independent predictor for both SAP (odds ratio [OR] = 1.037, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.020-1.054, P < 0.001 and a high GS (OR = 1.087, 95% CI: 1.051-1.124, P < 0.001 in a multivariate logistic regression model. In the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, plasma AAT level was found to have a larger area under the curve (AUC for predicting a high GS (AUC = 0.858, 95% CI: 0.788-0.929, P < 0.001 than that of hsCRP (AUC = 0.665, 95% CI: 0.557-0.773, P = 0.006; Z = 2.9363, P < 0.001, with an optimal cut-off value of 137.85 mg/dl (sensitivity: 94.3%, specificity: 68.2%. Conclusions: Plasma AAT levels correlate with both the presence and severity of coronary stenosis in patients with SAP, suggesting that it could be a potential predictive marker of severe stenosis in SAP patients.

  6. Plasma α1-antitrypsin: A Neglected Predictor of Angiographic Severity in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Zhao; Hong Liu; Lin Chai; Ping Xu; Lu Hua; Xiao-Yuan Guan; Bing Duan

    2015-01-01

    Background:As an acute phase protein,α1-antitrypsin (AAT) has been extensively studied in acute coronary syndrome,but it is unclear whether a relationship exists between AAT and stable angina pectoris (SAP).The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between AAT plasma levels and SAP.Methods:Overall,103 SAP patients diagnosed by coronary angiography and clinical manifestations and 118 control subjects matched for age and gender were enrolled in this case-control study.Plasma levels of AAT,high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP),lipid profiles and other clinical parameters were assayed for all participants.The severity of coronary lesions was evaluated based on the Gensini score (GS) assessed by coronary angiography.Results:Positively correlated with the GS (r =0.564,P < 0.001),the plasma AAT level in the SAP group was significantly higher than that in the control group (142.08 ± 19.61 mg/dl vs.125.50 ± 19.67 mg/dl,P < 0.001).The plasma AAT level was an independent predictor for both SAP (odds ratio [OR] =1.037,95% confidence interval [CO:1.020-1.054,P < 0.001) and a high GS (OR =1.087,95% CI:1.051-1.124,P < 0.001) in a multivariate logistic regression model.In the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis,plasma AAT level was found to have a larger area under the curve (AUC) for predicting a high GS (AUC =0.858,95% CI:0.788-0.929,P < 0.001) than that of hsCRP (AUC =0.665,95% CI:0.557-0.773,P =0.006; Z =2.9363,P < 0.001),with an optimal cut-off value of 137.85 mg/dl (sensitivity:94.3%,specificity:68.2%).Conclusions:Plasma AAT levels correlate with both the presence and severity of coronary stenosis in patients with SAP,suggesting that it could be a potential predictive marker of severe stenosis in SAP patients.

  7. Sequential comparison of therapy with beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers with celiprolol therapy in patients with angina pectoris, hypertension, or both

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleophas, TJM; Niemeyer, MG; Bernink, PJLM; Zwinderman, KH; Wijk, AV; Wall, EEVD

    1996-01-01

    Unlike patients with either hypertension (HT) of angina pectoris (AP) alone, patients with both HT and AP usually have a reduced left ventricular compliance and may, therefore, have an impaired capability to cope with acute hemodynamic changes generated by standard beta-blockers or calcium channel b

  8. Effects of XUEZHIKANG on Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein,C- Reactive Protein, Fibrinogen in Unstable Angina Pectoris Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚青海; 崔长琮; 王军奎; 姚晓伟

    2003-01-01

    Objectives To study the effects of XUEZHIKANG on lipid modulating and thelevel of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OX - LDL),C -reactive protein(CRP), fibrinogen(FIB) in serum.Methods XUEZHIKANG was given to patientswith unstable angina pectoris and hyperlipidemia at adose of 0.6 gram bid for 2 months and with half-dose for another 2 months. Vitamin E was given tounstable angina pectoris patients with normal lipid atthe dose of 0.1 gram bid for 4 months respectively.Then compared the level of lipid and OX - LDfL, CRP,FIB in serum at beginning, first -month and second -month. Results XUEZHIKANG can reduce theserum level of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteinin 1 month , and gained better effect in 2 months. Itcan also reduce triglyceride and increase high densitylipoprotein in 2 months. Compared with vitamin EXUEZHIKANG can reduce the level of OX- LDL,CRP, FIB significantly after treatment for 2 months.Conclusions XUEZHIKANG has significant effectin lipid modulating , and it can also inhibit the de-velopment of inflammation in coronary plaque.

  9. Effects of acupuncture in moderate, stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ballegaard, Søren; Pedersen, F; Pietersen, A;

    1990-01-01

    In order to evaluate the effects of acupuncture in moderate, stable angina pectoris, 49 patients were randomized to either genuine or sham acupuncture. In sham acupuncture needles were inserted into points within the same spinal segment as in genuine acupuncture, but outside the Chinese meridian...

  10. Incidence and impact on prognosis of peri-procedural myocardial infarction in 2760 elective patients with stable angina pectoris in a historical prospective follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Martin Kirk; Huang, Hui; Torp-Pedersen, Christian;

    2016-01-01

    elevated biomarkers after elective PCI in patients with stable angina pectoris using the defined cut-off (>5 x URL) was 15.2 % using cTnT and 4.1 % using CK-MBmass. The independent prognostic value for both cardiac biomarkers of any cut-off showed no statistical significance for all-cause mortality...

  11. Physical Activitiea Associted with Angina Pectoris Before Myocardial Infarction and the Onset of Myocardial Infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Matsuda, Masako

    1984-01-01

    One hundred and ninety-seven patients with a history of myocardeal infarction were interviewed to evaluate the incidence of angina pectoris and the physical activity precipitating angina before myocardial infarction, and the mode of physical activity at the onset of myocardial infarction. Ninety-ewo patients had no angina before infarction, whereas 105 did, In 105 patients, 58 had a chronic stable angina without a change of pattern of angina before infarction, while 22 noticed worsening of th...

  12. NEBIVOLOL IN TREATMENT OF STABLE EXERTIONAL ANGINA PECTORIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. V. Gavrilov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate antianginal and antiischemic efficiency of nebivolol in patients with stable angina pectoris.Material and methods. 100 patients with ischemic heart disease showing stable exertional angina pectoris and having no contraindications to beta-blockers were studied. After 5-7 days of control period 50 randomly selected patients began to take nebivolol in initial dose of 5mg once daily and 50 patients started to take metoprolol in initial dose of 50 mg twice daily. Duration of treatment was 8 weeks. Efficiency of treatment was assessed according to the results of control treadmill assessment and control daily ECG monitoring.Results. 56-day therapy with nebivolol at a dose of 7,5 mg per day results in increase in duration of treadmill test before angina or ST depression (p<0.05. Antianginal and antiischemic effect of nebivolol 7.5 mg once daily is rather similar with that of metoprolol in average daily dose of 175 mg. Nebivolol compared to metoprolol significantly (p<0.05 more effectively reduces the number of silent myocardial ischemia.Conclusion. Nebivolol is an efficient antianginal and antiischemic drug for patients with stable exertional angina pectoris.

  13. The effects of lidoflazine on exercise performance and thallium stress scintigraphy in patients with stable angina pectoris

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lidoflazine is a synthetic drug with calcium-channel blocking effects. In a 7-month study, 36 patients with stable angina pectoris were tested during a 3-month single-blind placebo phase. Nineteen were then randomized by double-blind methods to lidoflazine and 17 to placebo therapy. The lidoflazine group had a significant (p < 0.01) reduction in anginal attacks; the placebo group did not. Exercise testing demonstrated that lidoflazine therapy was associated with a 34% increase in total work performance and a 15.6% increase in peak calculated oxygen uptake during double-blind treatment (both p < 0.004 compared with the placebo group). Heart rate was significantly reduced at submaximal levels of exercise during lidoflazine therapy (p < 0.04). Nitroglycerin consumption and electrocardiographic changes at the end of exercise did not change during the double-blind phase. In a second study of six similar patients, single-blind administration of lidoflazine was associated with improved myocardial perfusion during exercise as determined by thallium-201 stress scintigraphy. These studies demonstrate that lidoflazine therapy is associated with relief of angina, an increased physical work capacity, and improved regional myocardial perfusion during exercise

  14. Epidural spinal electrical stimulation in severe angina pectoris.

    OpenAIRE

    Mannheimer, C; Augustinsson, L E; Carlsson, C A; Manhem, K; Wilhelmsson, C

    1988-01-01

    The short term effects of epidural spinal electrical stimulation were studied in 10 patients with angina pectoris of New York Heart Association functional class III or IV. The antianginal pharmacological treatment given at entry to the study was regarded as optimal and was not changed during the study. The effects of epidural spinal electrical stimulation were measured by repeated bicycle ergometer tests. Treatment with epidural spinal electrical stimulation increased the patients' working ca...

  15. Serum high-sensitivity C-reaction protein and heart fatty acid binding protein level and cardiac accidents in patients with unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱红秋

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between serum high-sensitivity C-reaction protein (hs-CRP) and heart fatty acid binding protein (h-FABP) on cardiac accidents in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Methods Serum levels of hs-CRP, h-FABP, cardiac troponin-Ⅰ(cTn-Ⅰ) and creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) were measured and cardiac accidents within 2 weeks after the test were observed in 74 patients (male

  16. Treatment with verapamil and trandolapril in patients with congestive heart failure and angina pectoris or myocardial infarction. The DAVIT Study Group. Danish Verapamil Infarction Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, J F; Hagerup, L; Sigurd, B;

    1997-01-01

    In a double-blind, randomized trial in a consecutive group of postinfarct patients in treatment with diuretic agents for congestive heart failure, the 3 month rate of cardiac events (i.e., death, repeat infarction, unstable angina pectoris, or repeat admission because of heart failure) was 14....... These findings indicate that combined treatment with verapamil and trandolapril may be beneficial in patients with congestive heart failure....

  17. Periodontal disease in relation to selected parameters of the cardiovascular system in a group of patients with stable angina pectoris

    OpenAIRE

    Włosowicz, Monika; Wożakowska-Kapłon, Beata; Górska, Renata

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Periodontal diseases (PD), which are the cause of chronic inflammatory processes, can develop increased susceptibility to vascular diseases through atherosclerosis. Due to the raised inflammatory and thrombotic risk, PD can have a significant influence on the course and results of stable angina pectoris (SAP). Objectives The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of chosen PD parameters on selected cardiovascular system parameters, and the correlation between chosen parame...

  18. A comparative study of dalteparin and unfractionated heparin in patients with unstable angina pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanmant S Amane

    2011-01-01

    Conclusion : Dalteparin is as effective and safe as unfractionated heparin in the treatment of unstable angina. Dalteparin does not require routine laboratory monitoring as with unfractionated heparin.

  19. Effect of folic acid adjuvant therapy on Hcy as well as lipid metabolism and endothelial injury in coronary heart disease patients with stable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Wen; Yi Xie; Xian-Jun Wu; Rui-Feng Wang; Jian Cao

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the effect of folic acid adjuvant therapy on Hcy as well as lipid metabolism and endothelial injury in coronary heart disease patients with stable angina pectoris. Methods:A total of 98 cases of coronary heart disease patients with stable angina pectoris who received treatment in our hospital from March 2014 to August 2015 were selected as research subjects and randomly divided into observation group 49 cases and control group 49 cases. Control group received conventional clinical treatment, observation group received folic acid adjuvant therapy, and then differences in levels of Hcy, lipid metabolism, endothelial injury and adhesion molecules were compared between two groups after treatment. Results:Hcy, TC, LDL-C and ApoB values of observation group were lower than those of control group while HDL-C and ApoA1/ApoB values were higher than those of control group;Flow-vel and FMD values of observation group after treatment were higher than those of control group;serum E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and sICAM-1 values of observation group after treatment were lower than those of control group. Conclusion:Folic acid adjuvant therapy for coronary heart disease patients with stable angina pectoris can reduce plasma Hcy level and optimize lipid metabolism, further protects vascular endothelium, and has positive clinical significance.

  20. Changes of dendritic cells and fractalkine in type 2 diabetic patients with unstable angina pectoris: a preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Juying

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It has been shown that dendritic cells (DCs and fractalkine play a role in accelerating progression of the inflamed atherosclerotic lesions and plaque rupture. We evaluated the numbers and functional changes of DCs and its subsets in human type 2 diabetes with or without unstable angina pectoris (UAP. Methods The study population consisted of 39 diabetic patients (DM:18 without CAD; DM + UAP: 21 with UAP, 18 non-diabetic UAP patients (UAP, and 15 healthy control (Normal. Peripheral blood DCs and its subsets were measured by three color flow cytometry. Serum levels of fractalkine, IL-12, and IFN-α were also measured. The functional status of the monocyte-derived DCs was analyzed by flow cytometry and allogeneic mixed T lymphocytes reaction. Results The percent and absolute numbers of DCs and mDC within the total leukocyte population was similar for Normal and DM, while significantly lower in DM + UAP. pDC numbers were not significantly altered. Serum fractalkine in DM + UAP was highest among the four groups (p = 0.04 vs. UAP, p = 0.0003 vs. DM, p p = 0.01 level. Compared with DM and UAP, the costimulatory molecules CD86 and proliferation of T cells stimulated by DCs were significantly increased in DM + UAP group. Conclusions Our study suggested that increases in the fractalkine level and the number and functional changes of blood DCs might contribute to diabetic coronary atherosclerosis and plaque destabilization.

  1. Management of angina pectoris: the role of spinal cord stimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckert, Siegfried; Horstkotte, Dieter

    2009-01-01

    Progress in prevention as well as drug and interventional therapy has improved the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disorders. Many patients at risk have advanced coronary artery disease (CAD), have had multiple coronary interventions, and present with significant co-morbidity. Despite adequate risk factor modulation and often several revascularization procedures, some of these patients still have refractory angina pectoris. Apart from advanced CAD and insufficient collateralization, the cause is often endothelial dysfunction. For this situation, one treatment option is neuromodulation. Controlled studies suggest that, in patients with chronic refractory angina pectoris, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) provides a relief from symptoms equivalent to that provided by surgical therapy, but with fewer complications and lower rehospitalization rates. SCS may result in significant long-term pain relief with improved quality of life. In patients with refractory angina undergoing SCS, some studies have shown not only a symptomatic improvement, but also a decrease in myocardial ischemia and an increase in coronary blood flow. Discussion is ongoing as to whether this is a direct effect on parasympathetic vascodilation or merely a secondary phenomenon resulting from increased physical activity following an improvement in clinical symptoms. Results from nuclear medical studies have sparked discussion about improved endothelial function and increased collateralization. SCS is a safe treatment option for patients with refractory angina pectoris, and its long-term effects are evident. It is a procedure without significant complications that is easy to tolerate. SCS does not interact with pacemakers, provided that strict bipolar right-ventricular sensing is used. Use in patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillators is under discussion. Individual testing is mandatory in order to assess optimal safety in each patient. PMID:19178129

  2. Differences in coronary artery disease by CT angiography between patients developing unstable angina pectoris vs. major adverse cardiac events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlett, Christopher L. [Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Heidelberg (Germany); Nance, John W. Jr. [Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Schoepf, U. Joseph, E-mail: schoepf@musc.edu [Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); O’Brien, Terrence X. [Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); The Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC (United States); Ebersberger, Ullrich [Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Department of Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Heart Centre Munich-Bogenhausen, Munich (Germany); Headden, Gary F. [Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Hoffmann, Udo [Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Bamberg, Fabian [Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Munich, Grosshadern Campus, and Munich Heart Alliance, Munich (Germany); Department of Radiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)

    2014-07-15

    Highlights: • Patients developing UAP had overall more atherosclerosis as patients without any events. • Patients developing MACE had only more mixed plaque as those developing UAP. • Different atherosclerotic plaque components by CTA carry different prognostic value. - Abstract: Objective: CT angiography (CTA) has prognostic value in patients. But it is unknown whether differences in atherosclerosis by CTA predict the development of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) vs. major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Methods: We followed patients undergoing CTA as part of their acute chest pain work-up. Primary outcome was the development of UAP or MACE (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization) during a minimum follow-up of 12-months. CTAs were assessed for extent and composition of coronary plaque and stenosis. Ordinal regression with a 3-level outcome (no events, UAP, MACE) was applied. Results: Among 315 patients, 22 developed UAP and 31 MACE. While UAP patients had higher atherosclerosis burden with respect to all assessed features compared to patients with no events (p ≤ 0.02), only mixed plaque extent was significantly different between UAP and MACE patients (p = 0.02). The odds ratio was 4.55 for being in a higher disease-level comparing patients with low extent to those with no mixed plaque, and 3.02 comparing patients with high to those with low. These findings remained after adjustments for potential confounders. Conclusion: The extent of mixed coronary plaque is different between patients who develop UAP vs. MACE, supporting the hypothesis that it is a more culprit morphology.

  3. Structural and Functional Coronary Artery Abnormalities in Patients With Vasospastic Angina Pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ong, Peter; Aziz, Ahmed; Hansen, Henrik Steen;

    2015-01-01

    Coronary spasm is involved in many clinical scenarios, such as stable angina, acute coronary syndrome, sudden cardiac death, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia and syncope. In recent years, imaging tools such as computerized tomographic angiography, intravascular ultrasound or optical...

  4. Relationship Between Serum Creatine Kinase Isoenzyme MM Subbands and the Gradation of Coronary Stenosis in Patients with Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Ziqiang; Zhu shanju; Meng Suron; Sun Yueh

    2000-01-01

    Objective To observe the relationship between serum creatine kinase isoenzyme MM sub-bands (CKMM3/MM1 ratio) and the gradation of coronary stenosis and provide a simple, reliable, and economical method for identifying high-risk unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Mehtods Blood samples were drawn at different time after onset of chest pain in 21 patients with UAP and only once in 20 each volunteers for control. CKMM3/MM1 ratio was detected by nonserial buffer agarose gel electrophoresis. CKMB and CK were observed by velocity method. An emergent coronary arteriography was performed as soon as patients were admitted into hospital. Results Patients with UAP were divided into two subgroups:patients with elevated serum enzyme [P( + )] and patients with normal serum enzyme [P( - ) ] according to CKMM3/MM1 ratio < 0.5. Patients with UAP(+)had higher serum CKMM3/MM1 ratios from 0.5 to 12hrs and serum CKMB from 2 to 12 hrs than those with UAP( - ) and control ( P < 0.05) . Serum enzyme concentrations of patients with UAP whose coronary lumen had 90% or more than 90% stenosis were significantly higher than those whose coronary lumen had less than 90% stenosis (P<0.01) . AnyCKMM3/MM1 ratio was less than 1.0 and CK within the normal range in patients with UAP( + ) group. Conclusions CKMM3/MM1 ratios in patients with UAP can reflect severity of myocardial ischemia. Serum CKMM3/MM1 ratio provides a simple, reliable, and economical method for identifying high-risk UAP.

  5. Dental Calculus Links Statistically to Angina Pectoris: 26-Year Observational Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Söder

    Full Text Available Dental infections, such as periodontitis, associate with atherosclerosis and its complications. We studied a cohort followed-up since 1985 for incidence of angina pectoris with the hypothesis that calculus accumulation, proxy for poor oral hygiene, links to this symptom.In our Swedish prospective cohort study of 1676 randomly selected subjects followed-up for 26 years. In 1985 all subjects underwent clinical oral examination and answered a questionnaire assessing background variables such as socio-economic status and pack-years of smoking. By using data from the Center of Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Sweden we analyzed the association of oral health parameters with the prevalence of in-hospital verified angina pectoris classified according to the WHO International Classification of Diseases, using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis.Of the 1676 subjects, 51 (28 women/23 men had been diagnosed with angina pectoris at a mean age of 59.8 ± 2.9 years. No difference was observed in age and gender between patients with angina pectoris and subjects without. Neither was there any difference in education level and smoking habits (in pack years, Gingival index and Plaque index between the groups. Angina pectoris patients had significantly more often their first maxillary molar tooth extracted (d. 16 than the other subjects (p = 0.02. Patients also showed significantly higher dental calculus index values than the subjects without angina pectoris (p = 0.01. Multiple regression analysis showed odds ratio 2.21 (95% confidence interval 1.17-4.17 in the association between high calculus index and angina pectoris (p = 0.015.Our study hypothesis was confirmed by showing for the first time that high dental calculus score indeed associated with the incidence of angina pectoris in this cohort study.

  6. Dental Calculus Links Statistically to Angina Pectoris: 26-Year Observational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Dental infections, such as periodontitis, associate with atherosclerosis and its complications. We studied a cohort followed-up since 1985 for incidence of angina pectoris with the hypothesis that calculus accumulation, proxy for poor oral hygiene, links to this symptom. Methods In our Swedish prospective cohort study of 1676 randomly selected subjects followed-up for 26 years. In 1985 all subjects underwent clinical oral examination and answered a questionnaire assessing background variables such as socio-economic status and pack-years of smoking. By using data from the Center of Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Sweden we analyzed the association of oral health parameters with the prevalence of in-hospital verified angina pectoris classified according to the WHO International Classification of Diseases, using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. Results Of the 1676 subjects, 51 (28 women/23 men) had been diagnosed with angina pectoris at a mean age of 59.8 ± 2.9 years. No difference was observed in age and gender between patients with angina pectoris and subjects without. Neither was there any difference in education level and smoking habits (in pack years), Gingival index and Plaque index between the groups. Angina pectoris patients had significantly more often their first maxillary molar tooth extracted (d. 16) than the other subjects (p = 0.02). Patients also showed significantly higher dental calculus index values than the subjects without angina pectoris (p = 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed odds ratio 2.21 (95% confidence interval 1.17–4.17) in the association between high calculus index and angina pectoris (p = 0.015). Conclusion Our study hypothesis was confirmed by showing for the first time that high dental calculus score indeed associated with the incidence of angina pectoris in this cohort study. PMID:27336307

  7. Effect of salvianolate combined with meglumine adenosine cyclphosphate on blood viscosity, inflammatory factors and NT-proBNP in angina pectoris patients after PCI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Peng; Li Chen

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of salvianolate combined with meglumine adenosine cyclphosphate on blood viscosity, inflammatory factors and NT-proBNP in angina pectoris patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:A total of 130 angina pectoris patients who received PCI treatment in our hospital from May 2012 to October 2015 were selected for study, patients' medical records were retrospectively analyzed, they were divided into the experimental group and the control group based on the different medication schemes after PCI, experimental group received routine treatment combined with salvianolate and meglumine adenosine cyclphosphate treatment after operation, and control group received conventional medical treatment after operation. The changes of perioperative blood viscosity, inflammatory factor and NT-proBNP content were compared between two groups.Results:After PCI, the blood viscosity indexes as well as inflammatory factor and NT-proBNP levels of experimental group were significantly lower than those before PCI (P0.05), inflammatory factor and NT-proBNP levels were significantly lower than those before PCI (P<0.05); 7 days after PCI, the high-shear whole blood viscosity, low-shear whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity and aggregation index as well as TNF-α, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, LP-PLA2, NT-proBNP, D-dimer and PTEN levels of experimental group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05).Conclusions: Salvianolate combined with meglumine adenosine cyclphosphate can reduce the blood viscosity of patients with angina pectoris after PCI, and can also reduce inflammation and improve heart pump function.

  8. Changes of Lipid Profile and C-Reactive Protein after Withdrawal of Xuezhikang, an Extract of Cholestin, in Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Chenglin; Xiang Jizhou; Li Yanbo; Zou Yongguang; Liu Jun; Tang Qizhu; Huang Congxin

    2006-01-01

    Objectives In addition to its lipid-lowering properties, statin decreases the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) resulting in reduction of cardiovascular events. However, information about discontinuation of statin therapy in stable cardiac patients is limited. This was a prospective cohort study to explore whether withdrawal of statin treatment could result in rebound of inflammation in patients with stable angina pectoris in a short-term course.Methods and Results 75 patients with stable angina pectoris were randomly divided into three groups: ① Pretreatment with Xuezhikang (XZK, an extract of cholestin) for 6 weeks and then replaced by placebo; ②Treatment with XZK throughout the study; ③ Placebo. Lipid levels, highly sensitive CRP (hs-CRP) and serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) were assessed before receiving the XZK therapy, 1 day before discontinuation of XZK, and on day 1, 2, 3,7 and 14 after discontinuation of XZK, respectively.At day 14 after discontinuation of XZK therapy,total cholesterol, LDL-C and triglyceride significantly increased, whereas HDL-C level significantly decreased. The median level of hs-CRP increased significantly from the second day after withdrawal of XZK therapy. There was a prominent rebound of hs-CRP concentration 3 days after discontinuation of XZK therapy. 7 to 14 days after discontinuation of XZK therapy, the hs-CRP concentration declined to a similar level as in the placebo group. Elevated cTnT level did not occur throughout the study course in either group. Conclusions Short-term discontinuation of statin therapy could induce a rapid rebound phenomenon of inflammatory response independently of changes of lipid parameters. However, it was not enough to induce myocardial injury in this cohort of patients with stable angina pectoris.

  9. Analysis of thrombelastography in type 2 diabetes patients complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease and its correlation with disease severity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Hong Liu; Zhao-Chuan Liu; Hong-Tao Liu; Yu-Ji Zhang; Qing-Ling Fu; Jun-Ling Wang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the thrombelastography parameters in type 2 diabetes patients complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease and their correlation with disease severity.Methods:30 cases of healthy volunteers, 30 cases of patients with simple angina pectoris of coronary heart disease (CHD) and 30 cases of type 2 diabetes patients complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were selected for study. Thrombelastography parameters R value, K value, αangle and MA value as well as inflammation-associated molecules YKL-40 and NK-kB expression were detected.Results:R values and K values of simple CHD group and diabetes complicated with CHD group were lower than those of control group, and αangle and MA values were higher than those of control group; R values and K values of diabetes complicated with CHD group were lower than those of simple CHD group, and αangle and MA values were higher than those of simple CHD group; R values and K values of 2 branch lesions group and 3 branch lesions group were lower than those of 1 branch lesion group, and αangle and MA values as well as YKL-40 and NK-kB contents were higher than those of 1 branch lesion group; R values and K values of 3 branch lesions group were lower than those of 2 branch lesions group, and αangle and MA values as well as YKL-40 and NK-kB contents were higher than those of 2 branch lesions group; R value and K value were negatively correlated with YKL-40 and NK-kB contents, and αangle and MA value were positively correlated with YKL-40 and NK-kB contents.Conclusions: Thrombelastography parameters in type 2 diabetes patients complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease are significantly abnormal, and R value, K value, αangle and MA value can reflect disease severity and inflammation degree.

  10. Efficacy of controlled-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate as adjunctive treatment to beta-blocking agents in patients with stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Aldershvile, J; Abildgaard, U;

    1989-01-01

    beta blocker. In bicycle ergometer exercise tests performed 4 h after study drug intake, total exercise time and time until 1-mm ST-depression increased significantly during both regimens as compared with placebo (p less than 0.05). However, only the 60-mg once-daily regimen was significantly better...... than placebo with regard to time until angina pectoris. The results indicate that ISMN-CR 60 mg once daily is effective as adjunctive to beta-blocker treatment, and nitrate tolerance appeared to develop during the twice-daily regimen. In 10 of the patients, the effect of additional sublingual...

  11. Efficacy of anipamil, a phenylalkylamine calcium antagonist, in treatment of angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørum, C; Larsen, C T; Rasmussen, Verner;

    1994-01-01

    with > or = 0.1-mV horizontal or downsloping ST-segment depression limited by angina, and (c) at least 10 attacks of angina pectoris in a single-blind 3-week run-in period. Nineteen patients were randomized to enter the study. In 3-week periods, they received either anipamil 80 mg once daily (o.d.), anipamil...... 160 mg o.d., or placebo. At the end of each period, an exercise test was performed. The number of angina pectoris attacks was significantly reduced during treatment with anipamil 80 mg (p ... reduced during treatment with anipamil 80 mg (p Heart rate (HR) at 0...

  12. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannheimer, C; Carlsson, C A; Vedin, A; Wilhelmsson, C

    1986-09-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in the treatment of chronic stable severe angina pectoris. In a short-term study the effect of TENS was studied in 10 male patients with angina pectoris (functional class III and IV). All patients had previously been stabilized on long-term maximal oral treatment. The effects of the treatment were measured by means of repeated bicycle ergometer tests. All patients had an increased working capacity (16-85%), decreased ST segment depression and reduced recovery time during TENS. No adverse effects were observed. A long-term study of TENS on similarly selected patients showed beneficial effects in terms of pain reduction, reduced frequency of anginal attacks, increased physical activity and increased working capacity during bicycle ergometer tests. An invasive study was carried out with respect to systemic and coronary hemodynamics and myocardial metabolism during pacing provoked myocardial ischemia in 13 patients. The results showed that TENS led to an increased tolerance to pacing, improved lactate metabolism, less pronounced ST segment depression. A drop in systolic blood pressure during TENS treatment at identical pacing rates indicated a decreased afterload. An increased coronary flow to ischemic areas in the myocardium was supported by the fact that the rate pressure product during anginal pain increased during TENS.

  13. Use of myocardial perfusion imaging to predict the effectiveness of coronary revascularisation in patients with stable angina pectoris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansen, Allan [Odense University Hospital, Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Odense (Denmark); Odense University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Odense (Denmark); Hoeilund-Carlsen, Poul Flemming; Moeldrup, Mette [Odense University Hospital, Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Odense (Denmark); Christensen, Henrik Wulff [Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense (Denmark); Vach, Werner [University of Southern Denmark, Department of Statistics, Odense (Denmark); Haghfelt, Torben [Odense University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Odense (Denmark)

    2005-12-01

    Coronary revascularisation is the treatment of choice in patients with stable angina who have significant stenoses. From a pathophysiological point of view, however, mitigation of angina is to be expected only in the presence of reversible ischaemia. Therefore it was the aim of this study to examine the effect of revascularisation on stable angina in relation to the myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) pattern prior to intervention. Three hundred and eighty-four patients (58.0{+-}8.8 years) referred for angiography underwent MPI. Prior to MPI and at 2-year follow-up, patients were classified as having typical angina, atypical angina, non-cardiac chest pain or no pain, and the severity of chest pain was graded according to the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) criteria. The patients themselves estimated their pain on a visual analogue scale. Management was based on symptoms and angiographic findings, since the results of MPI were not communicated. Among the 240 patients who were not revascularised, 79% had typical or atypical angina at study entrance versus 40% at follow-up. In comparison, 93% of the 144 revascularised patients had typical or atypical angina before intervention versus only 36% at follow-up. This additional advantage of invasive therapy was present only in patients with reversible defects; revascularisation had no additional effect in patients with normal perfusion or irreversible defects. Similarly, additional, significant reductions in CCS class and visual analogue score were observed exclusively in patients with reversible defects. In patients referred for coronary angiography owing to known or suspected stable angina, revascularisation was significantly more effective than medical treatment exclusively in patients with reversible ischaemia. (orig.)

  14. Invaliderende angina pectoris behandlet med elektrisk rygmarvsstimulation (ERS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, C; Clemensen, S E; Henneberg, S W;

    1992-01-01

    Thirty patients who had severe incapacitating angina pectoris which had not reacted to the conventional therapeutic measures and which required massive daily opioid consumption were treated with electrical spinal cord stimulation (SCS) by means of a completely implantable stimulation system. The...... therapeutic effect was good in 87% of the patients who experienced considerably reduced frequency of attacks and markedly reduced opioid consumption (p less than 0.00005). Nine of the patients could reduce opioid consumption and 14 out of 27 could cease their otherwise daily opioid consumption. In four...... patients, the therapeutic effect was unsatisfactory. In the first 22 patients in whom a unipolar electrode was introduced, displacement of the electrode and subsequent reoperation was a frequent problem. This problem disappeared after change to multipolar electrodes as slight changes in placing of the...

  15. Value of the addition of Amlodipine to atenolol in patients with angina pectoris despite adequate beta blockade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dunselman, PHJM; Bouwens, LHM; Herweijer, AH; Bernink, PJLM

    1998-01-01

    Anginal patients who remain symptomatic despite optimally dosed beta blockade may also be given dihydropyridine calcium antagonists. This treatment regimen was examined in a double-blind parallel, randomized, controlled study in 147 patients with angina and positive bicycle exercise tests despite op

  16. The prognostic significance of angina pectoris experienced during the first month following acute myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, C M

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Angina pectoris accompanied by transient ST-segment changes during the in-hospital phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a well established marker of subsequent cardiac death and reinfarction. HYPOTHESIS: This study was undertaken to record the prognostic significance of angina...... pectoris experienced during the first month following discharge from AMI. METHODS: In all, 803 patients included in the placebo arm of the Danish Verapamil Infarction Trial II were followed up for 18 months in 20 coronary care units in Denmark. The patients were randomized to placebo and were still...

  17. Spinal cord stimulation in refractory angina pectoris - Clinical results and mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterga, M; tenVaarwerk, IAM; DeJongste, MJL; Staal, MJ

    1997-01-01

    Patients with therapeutically refractory angina pectoris do not respond to adequate anti-anginal medication and are not suitable anymore for revascularisation procedures. This group of patients has a poor quality of Life, since their exercise capacity is severely afflicted. A new additional therapy

  18. 冠心病心绞痛患者综合护理要点探究%To Explore the Comprehensive Nursing Key Points of Coronary Heart Disease Angina Pectoris Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勇敏

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨分析冠心病心绞痛患者综合护理要点。方法对2014年1月~2015年1月我院收治的30例冠心病心绞痛患者综合护理的临床资料进行回顾性分析,探讨综合护理要点,观察患者心率、收缩压改善情况、心绞痛发作次数及住院时间。结果患者心率、收缩压情况改善明显,分别为(96.6±14.5)次/min、(21.3±1.8)kPa;心绞痛发作次数较护理前减少;患者住院时间为(16.2±1.4)天。结论对冠心病心绞痛患者实施综合护理,可以有效改善患者的心率、收缩压情况,并且减少心绞痛发作次数,缩短患者住院时间,是一种高效、可靠的护理干预措施。%Objective To study the comprehensive analysis of coronary heart disease angina pectoris patient care point. Methods Selected 30 cases with coronary heart disease angina pectoris comprehensive nursing the clinical data from January 2014 and January 2015 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively, and discussed the key points of nursing care, the patients' heart rate, systolic blood pressure was observed, attack frequency of angina pectoris and length of hospital stay. Results The patients' heart rate, systolic blood pressure is improved obviously, respectively (96.6±14.5) times/min, (21.3±1.8) kPa attack frequency of angina pectoris was reduce before treatment, patients in hospital time was (16.2±1.4) days. Conclusion Comprehensive nursing in patients with coronary heart disease angina pectoris, can improve the patient's heart rate and systolic blood pressure, and decrease the times of angina pectoris attack and shortening the time of patients in hospital, is a efifcient and reliable nursing intervention measures.

  19. Renal artery stenosis presenting as crescendo angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tami, L F; McElderry, M W; al-Adli, N M; Rubin, M; Condos, W R

    1995-07-01

    The coexistence of different clinical syndromes due to atherosclerosis in different organs is not rare and emphasizes the diffuse nature of this vascular process. Although renovascular disease may cause hypertension and/or renal insufficiency, it may also occur in the absence of the usual clinical markers that suggest renovascular hypertension. We report a patient with stable coronary anatomy who presented with crescendo angina pectoris. Diagnosis of renovascular hypertension was made by screening renal angiography at the time of the cardiac catheterization. Renal artery stenting resulted in stabilization of the coronary syndrome and obviated the need for further coronary intervention. To our knowledge, this is the first case of renovascular hypertension precipitating an unstable coronary syndrome in a patient with documented stable coronary anatomy. Review of the literature supports that patients undergoing cardiac catheterization are a high risk population for renovascular disease, particularly in the presence of other predictive factors such as documented coronary artery disease, older age, female gender, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency, and smoking. Firm recommendations for routine screening renal angiography in patients undergoing peripheral or coronary angiography will need further studies.

  20. The Time Profile of Pentraxin 3 in Patients with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Stable Angina Pectoris Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragnhild Helseth

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. High levels of Pentraxin 3 (PTX3 are reported in acute myocardial infarction (AMI. Aim. To investigate circulating levels and gene expression of PTX3 in patients with AMI and stable angina pectoris (AP undergoing PCI. Methods. Ten patients with AP and 20 patients with AMI were included. Blood samples were drawn before PCI in the AP group and after 3 and 12 hours and days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 in both groups. Results. Circulating PTX3 levels were higher in AMI compared to AP at 3 and 12 hours (P<0.001 and P=0.003. Within the AMI group, reduction from 3 hours to all later time points was observed (all P≤0.001. Within the AP group, increase from baseline to 3 hours (P=0.022, followed by reductions thereafter (all P<0.05, was observed. PTX3 mRNA increased in the AMI group from 3 hours to days 7 and 14 in a relative manner of 62% and 73%, while a relative reduction from baseline to 3 and 12 hours of 29% and 37% was seen in the AP group. Conclusion. High circulating PTX3 levels shortly after PCI in AMI indicate that AMI itself influences PTX3 levels. PTX3 mRNA might be in response to fluctuations in circulating levels.

  1. Immediate and long-term clinical outcome after spinal cord stimulation for refractory stable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Pede, Francesco; Lanza, Gaetano Antonio; Zuin, Guerrino; Alfieri, Ottavio; Rapati, Massimo; Romanò, Massimo; Circo, Antonio; Cardano, Paola; Bellocci, Fulvio; Santini, Massimo; Maseri, Attilio

    2003-04-15

    The treatment of patients with angina pectoris refractory to medical therapy and unsuitable for revascularization procedures has yet not been well standardized. Previous retrospective studies and small prospective studies have suggested beneficial effects of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in these patients. We created a Prospective Italian Registry of SCS to evaluate the short- and long-term clinical outcome of patients who underwent SCS device implantation because of severe refractory angina pectoris. Overall, 104 patients were enrolled in the registry (70 men, aged 68 +/- 17 years), most of whom (83%) had severe coronary artery disease. Average follow-up was 13.2 +/- 8 months. Overall, 17 patients (16%) died, 8 (8%) due to cardiac death. Among clinical variables, only age was found to be significantly associated both with total mortality (p = 0.04) and cardiac mortality (p = 0.02) on Cox regression analysis. A significant improvement of anginal symptoms (> or =50% reduction of weekly anginal episodes, compared with baseline) occurred in 73% of patients, and Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class improved by > or =1 class in 80% and by > or =2 classes in 42% of patients, with a relevant reduction in the rate of hospital admission and days spent in the hospital because of angina (p <0.0001 for both). No life-threatening or clinically serious complications were observed. The most frequent side effect consisted of superficial infections, either at the site of puncture of electrode insertion or of the abdominal pocket, which occurred in 6 patients. In conclusion, our prospective data point out that SCS can be performed safely and is associated with a sustained improvement of anginal symptoms in a relevant number of patients with refractory stable angina pectoris. PMID:12686334

  2. Chest pain and angina pectoris - or the ugly swan and the beautiful duckling

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tellingen, C.

    2010-01-01

    The original description of Heberden’s angina pectoris is put forward to stress the importance of proper history-taking in identifying patients. In a market-driven approach to improve cost-effectiveness in healthcare, angina pectoris as an entity seems stripped to its bare minimum: chest and pain. The diagnostic yield of exercise testing, however, depends on the pre-test likelihood of disease and therefore knowledge of its clinical utility and pitfalls is essential to refine an initial and subjective diagnosis based on anamnesis. Nowadays chest pain units attempt to improve diagnostic accuracy by submitting all sorts of patients to the (stress) test. In the end protocol-driven policies like these may very well prove to be contraproductive when fundamentals are ignored. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:561–4.) PMID:21113382

  3. Effects of Ginkgo Leaf Extract on Function of Dendritic Cells and Th1/Th2 Cytokines in Patients with Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Da-zhu; SHARMA Ranjit; ZENG Qiu-tang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of Ginkgo leaf extract (GLE) on function of dendritic cells (DC) and Th1/Th2 cytokines in patients with unstable angina pectoris(UAP). Methods: Fifty-four patients with UAP were equally assigned into two groups, the treated group and the control group, both treated with conventional Western medicine, but with GLE given additionally to the treated group. Blood of all patients was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment to prepare the peripheral mononuclear cells, then which were incubated in the completed medium containing granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulatory factor (GMCSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) to induce mature DC. The expression of co-stimulating factor CD86 (B7-2) on the surface of DC was detected by flow cytometry, and the stimulating capacity of DC was determined by mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). The blood levels of cytokines, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and IL-4, were analyzed by ELISA, and blood C-reactive protein (CRP) level by turbidimetry. Moreover, the direct effect of Ginkgolide B on CD86 expression on DC were also tested in vitro. Results: After treatment, CD86 expression on DC, the stimulating capacity of DC as well as levels of IFN-γ and CRP were lowered in both groups ( P<0.05 or P<0.01), but the changes were much more significant in the treated group than those in the control group. Ginkgolide B showed a direct inhibitory effect on the CD86 expression on DC. Conclusion: The inhibition of GLE on DC and thereby the suppression on inflammatory reaction may be one of the mechanisms of GLE in treating patients with UAP.

  4. 音乐疗法对类心绞痛患者抑郁焦虑状态的干预%Music therapy on patients with angina pectoris class depression anxiety state intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚倩; 李莉; 彭顺蓉

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study music therapy on patients with angina pectoris class depression anxiety state intervention effect.Methods From June 2009 to August 2012 will depression self rating scale (SDS) and anxiety self-assessment scale (SAS) score 50 points at the same time > 110 cases of the kind of angina pectoris patients were randomly divided into use music therapy in nursing intervention group and control group,evaluate and compare two groups of SDS and SAS box score index signs.Results Music therapy intervention to 3 ~ 4w,the patients with SDS box SAS scores have significantly reduced (P < 0.05),systolic blood pressure have decreased obviously (P < 0.01).Conclusion Music therapy for classes angina pectoris patients depressive state improvement and signs control have a positive effect.%目的 探讨音乐疗法对类心绞痛患者抑郁焦虑状态的干预效果.方法 于2009年6月~2012年8月将抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)评分同时>50分的110例类心绞痛患者随机分为用音乐疗法进行护理干预组和对照组,评定并比较两组SDS和SAS得分及体征指标.结果 音乐疗法干预到第3~4周时,患者的SDS和SAS评分有明显的降低(P<0.05),收缩压也有明显下降(P<0.01).结论 音乐疗法对于类心绞痛患者抑郁状态的改善和体征的控制有积极的作用.

  5. Persistent angina: highly prevalent and associated with long-term anxiety, depression, low physical functioning, and quality of life in stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, L.; Abildstrom, S. Z.; Hvelplund, Anders;

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate persistent angina in stable angina pectoris with no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) compared to obstructive CAD and its relation to long-term anxiety, depression, quality of life (QOL), and physical functioning. We invited 357 patients (men = 191; women = 166; response rate 83...... %) with no prior cardiovascular disease who had a first-time coronary angiography (CAG) in 2008-2009 due to suspected stable angina to participate in a questionnaire survey in 2011 with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale as key elements. Long-term persistent...... angina (i.e., symptoms at least once a month) was present in 64 % of patients with diffuse non-obstructive CAD (1-49 % stenosis), 49 % of patients with normal coronary arteries (0 % stenosis), and 41 % of patients with obstructive CAD (a parts per thousand yen50 % stenosis) (P = 0.01). Depression and...

  6. Correlation Between TCM Syndrome of Patients with Angina Pectoris and Quality of Life%冠心病心绞痛患者中医证型与生存质量相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑾; 袁东超; 张哲; 杨茗茜; 季康寿; 杨关林

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨冠心病稳定型心绞痛患者中医不同证型与生存质量的关系.方法:采用横断面调查方法,一次性采集多个分中心符合入选标准的1788例患者,使用西雅图心绞痛量表(SAQ)作为评价生存质量的工具,运用Logistic回归、单因素方差分析,探讨SAQ5个不同维度得分及总分与冠心病稳定型心绞痛患者中医证型的关系.结果:冠心病稳定型心绞痛患者生存质量的5个维度得分不同,其中治疗满意度平均分最高,躯体活动受限程度平均分最低.不同维度下的三组间生命质量的差异均无统计学意义,即P>0.05.痰瘀互结组与心绞痛发作频率维度关系最密切成负相关,气虚血瘀组与心绞痛稳定状态维度关系最密切成正相关.结论:冠心病稳定型心绞痛患者不同证型与生存质量间存在一定相关性,并且结果符合中医理论的内涵.%Objective:To study the correlation between different syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and quality of life (QOL) of the patients with angina pectoris.Methods:With the crosssectional survey method,1788 patients with angina pectoris confirmed by coronary angiography were collected at the same time,and their QOL was assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ).The correlation of the scores of five different dimensions,including somatic movement limitation,angina stability and attacks,angina frequency,treatment satisfaction,and disease recognition,and the total scores of SAQ and the TCM syndromes were analyzed by Logistic regression and single factor analysis of variance.Results:Five dimensions' scores of the quality of life in coronary heart disease in patients with stable angina pectoris were different,in which the scores of treatment satisfaction was the highest and the scores of somatic movement limitation were the lowest.Under different dimensions,there was no significant difference of the QOL among three groups statistically,P>0.05.Phlegm and

  7. Burden of hospital admission and repeat angiography in angina pectoris patients with and without coronary artery disease: a registry-based cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasse Jespersen

    Full Text Available AIMS: To evaluate risk of hospitalization due to cardiovascular disease (CVD and repeat coronary angiography (CAG in stable angina pectoris (SAP with no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD versus obstructive CAD, and asymptomatic reference individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed 11,223 patients with no prior CVD having a first-time CAG in 1998-2009 due to SAP symptoms and 5,695 asymptomatic reference individuals from the Copenhagen City Heart Study through registry linkage for 7.8 years (median. In recurrent event survival analysis, patients with SAP had 3-4-fold higher risk of hospitalization for CVD irrespective of CAG findings and cardiovascular comorbidity. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios(95%CI for patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries was 3.0(2.5-3.5, for angiographically diffuse non-obstructive CAD 3.9(3.3-4.6 and for 1-3-vessel disease 3.6-4.1(range(all P<0.001. Mean accumulated hospitalization time was 3.5(3.0-4.0(days/10 years follow-up in reference individuals and 4.5(3.8-5.2/7.0(5.4-8.6/6.7(5.2-8.1/6.1(5.2-7.4/8.6(6.6-10.7 in patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries/angiographically diffuse non-obstructive CAD/1-, 2-, and 3-vessel disease, respectively (all P<0.05, age-adjusted. SAP symptoms predicted repeat CAG with multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries being 2.3(1.9-2.9, for angiographically diffuse non-obstructive CAD 5.5(4.4-6.8 and for obstructive CAD 6.6-9.4(range(all P<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SAP symptoms and angiographically normal coronary arteries or angiographically diffuse non-obstructive CAD suffer from considerably greater CVD burdens in terms of hospitalization for CVD and repeat CAG compared with asymptomatic reference individuals even after adjustment for cardiac risk factors and exclusion of cardiovascular comorbidity as cause. Contrary to common perception, excluding obstructive CAD by CAG in such

  8. Cardiac troponin T and CK-MB mass release after visually successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravkilde, J; Nissen, H; Mickley, H;

    1994-01-01

    The incidence of cardiac troponin T (Tn-T) and creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme MB mass release was studied in 23 patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing visually successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Serial blood samples were drawn for measurement of serum Tn-T,...

  9. Creatine kinase and creatine kinase subunit-B in coronary sinus blood in pacing-induced angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, J P; Ingerslev, J; Heinsvig, E M

    1982-01-01

    In nine out of 10 patients with angiographic documented coronary artery disease, pacing-induced angina pectoris provoked myocardial production of lactate, whereas no significant release of either creatine kinase or creatine kinase subunit-B to coronary sinus and peripheral venous blood could be...

  10. Innovative Strategy in Treating Angina Pectoris with Chinese Patent Medicines by Promoting Blood Circulation and Removing Blood Stasis: Experience from Combination Therapy in Chinese Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Xing-Jiang; Wang, Zhong; Wang, Jie

    2015-01-01

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Moreover, angina pectoris is one of the most important types of CHD. Therefore, prevention and effective treatment of angina pectoris is of utmost importance in both China and western countries. However, undesirable effects of antianginal therapy do influence treatment adherence to a certain extent. Therefore, it's not surprising that, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), including Chinese medicine (CM), are widely welcomed among patients with CHD, hoping that it might complement western medicine. In our previous studies, blood stasis syndrome (BSS) (Xueyu Zheng) was the main syndrome (Zheng-hou) of angina pectoris. Currently, China Food and Drug Administration authoritatively recommended more than 200 Chinese patent medicines (CPMs) as complementary or adjunctive therapies for symptom management and enhancing quality of life along with mainstream care on angina pectoris management in mainland China. This paper reviewed 4 kinds of most frequently-used CPMs by promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in the treatment of angina pectoris. It aims to evaluate the current evidence of CPMs in combination therapy for angina pectoris. This review indicated that CPMs as adjunctive treatment to routine antianginal therapy play an active role in reducing the incidence of primary endpoint events, decreasing anginal attack rate, and improving electrocardiogram. Additionally, CPMs have been proven relatively safe. Further rigorously designed clinical trials should be conducted to confirm the results. PMID:25360837

  11. Ventetid og omkostninger ved diagnostik og behandling af stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Rikke; Sanchez, Ricardo

    Introduction: The objective of this pilot study was to examine possible consequences of a logistically non-optimal regimen, for the diagnosis and treatment of stable angina pectoris, on waiting time and costs to inform whether a larger study is warranted. Material and methods: Retrospective cohor...... of stable angina pectoris, which ceteris paribus would be associated with cost savings in the health care sector. However, these potentials should be examined in a larger- scale study....

  12. Comparing systems for costing hospital treatments. The case of stable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Jytte; Skjoldborg, Ulla Slothuus

    2004-03-01

    This paper demonstrates the basic properties in the systems most commonly considered for costing treatments in the Danish hospitals. The differences between the traditional charge system, the DRG system and the ABC system are analysed, and difficulties encountered in comparing these systems are discussed. A sample of patients diagnosed with stable angina pectoris (SAP) at Odense University Hospital was used to compare the three systems when costing an entire treatment path, costing single hospitalisations and studying the effects of length of stay. Furthermore, it is illustrated that the main idea behind each system is reflected in how the systems over- or underestimate costs. Implications when managing the hospitals, particularly reimbursement, are discussed.

  13. The diagnostic accuracy and outcomes after coronary computed tomography angiography vs. conventional functional testing in patients with stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene H; Ortner, Nino; Nørgaard, Bjarne L;

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: To systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy and post-test outcomes of conventional exercise electrocardiography (XECG) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) compared with coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) in patients...

  14. Two-dimentional speckle tracking strain imaging in the assessment of myocardial diastolic function in patients with stable angina pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somaye Farokhnejad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ischemic heart disease is caused mainly by obstruction of coronary arteries. The ischemic assessment through echocardiography is dependent on wall motion abnormality detection during systole. In patients with ischemic heart disease the diastolic function is impaired before systolic function and measurement of regional diastolic dysfunction if possible will be most sensitive for assessment of obstructed coronary artery region. This study was designed to determine whether regional left ventricular delayed relaxation diagnosis could be detected with strain imaging derived from two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients with coronary artery disease.Methods: All the articles reviewed were obtained using MEDLINE & ScienceDirect (up to October 2014. All data extracted by speckle tracking echocardiography. The index which is used is strain imaging diastolic index which is calculated as: (A-B A×100  . A is the amount of strain at the time Aortic value closure and B is the amount of strain in first one-third point of diastolic duration.Result: Four articles were reviewed. Three articles assessed patients with echocardiography at rest and one with stress echocardiography. All articles showed the coronary artery tracking with significant stenosis is possible by regional deformation analysis through two-dimensional strain.Discussion: The usage of strain images obtained through two-dimensional speckle tracking has been validated for the quantitation assessment of regional dysfunction in ischemic heart disease. Regional LV delayed relaxation diagnosis with strain imaging is a reliable method after treadmill stress test.Conclusion:  Strain imaging is reasonable for evaluation of ischemia as a low cost noninvasive test with high accuracy.

  15. Reduced peripheral vascular reactivity in refractory angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondesson, Susanne M; Edvinsson, Marie-Louise; Pettersson, Thomas;

    2011-01-01

    compared to matched healthy subjects (n = 20). The cutaneous forearm microvascular blood flow was measured by Laser-Doppler flowmetry. The vascular responsiveness to iontophoretic administration of acetylcholine (ACh), sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and local skin warming were studied. Measurements of Canadian......AIMS: To examine if the skin microvascular bed is altered and can be modified by enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) in patients with chronic refractory angina. METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with refractory angina were divided into EECP (n = 10) or no EECP (n = 10) groups. The data were...

  16. Prediction of clinical outcome by myocardial CT perfusion in patients with low-risk unstable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Jesper J; Sørgaard, Mathias; Kühl, Jørgen T;

    2016-01-01

     %) suffered a MACE (cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and revascularizations). Accuracy for the prediction of MACE expressed as the area under curve (AUC) on receiver-operating characteristic curves was 0.88 (0.83-0.92) for visual assessment of a PD and 0.80 (0.73-0.85) for stress TPR (transmural...... perfusion ratio). After adjustment for the pretest probability of obstructive coronary artery disease, both detection of a PD and stress TPR were significantly associated with MACE with an adjusted hazard ratio of 39 (95 % confidence interval 11-134), p ....98-0.99) for stress TPR, p 10 % of the LV myocardium had a worse prognosis compared to patients with a PD covering

  17. Comparison of Outcomes of Patients ≥80 Years of Age Having Percutaneous Coronary Intervention According to Presentation (Stable vs Unstable Angina Pectoris/Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction vs ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antonsen, Lisbeth; Jensen, Lisette Okkels; Thayssen, Per;

    2011-01-01

    prognosis. From 2002 through 2009 all elderly patients treated with PCI were identified in a population of 3.0 million based on the Western Denmark Heart Registry. Cox regression analysis was used to compare mortality rates according to clinical indications controlling for potential confounding. In total 3......,792 elderly patients (≥ 80 years old) were treated with PCI and the annual proportion increased from 224 (5.4%) in 2002 to 588 (10.2%) in 2009. The clinical indication was stable angina pectoris (SAP) in 30.2%, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in 35.0%, UAP/non-STEMI in 29.7%, and......Patients ≥ 80 years old with coronary artery disease constitute a particular risk group in relation to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). From 2002 through 2008 we examined the annual proportion of patients ≥ 80 years old undergoing PCI in western Denmark, their indications for PCI, and...

  18. Effect of behavioral therapy on quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease angina pectoris%行为干预对冠心病心绞痛患者生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰洁; 廖光荣; 方向红; 张秀芳; 杨雨竹

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨行为干预对冠心痛心绞痛患者生活质量的影响.方法:将110例冠心病心绞痛患者随机分为研究组和对照组各55例,对照组按心内科常规护理,研究组在此基础上增加行为干预包括戒烟限酒、低脂低盐饮食、规律睡眠、有氧运动、放松训练、听轻音乐、减少孤独焦虑抑郁等.采用Zung焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、体重指数(BMI)及生活质量指数评定量表(QOL),于入院后3个月对两组患者进行评估.结果:研究组健康行为改善优于对照组(P<0.01),焦虑、抑郁程度和体重指数(BMI)低于对照组(P<0.05),生活质量各维度评分均高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:常规护理加针对性行为干预可减轻冠心病心绞痛患者的焦虑、抑郁等负性情绪,改善健康行为,从而提高患者的生活质量.%Objective:To evaluate the effect of behavioral intervention on quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease angina pectoris. Methods: 110 Cases of patients with coronary heart disease angina pectoris were randomly divided into the study group (55) cases and the control group ( 55 ) cases. The control group was treated with routine cardiology nursing care. The study group received behavioral therapy including alcohol restriction and smoking giving up,low fat and salt diet,regular sleep,aerobic exercise,relaxation training,light music enjoyment,less loneliness,anxiety or depression on the basis of routine cardiology nursing. Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) ,Self- rating Depression Scale (SDS) ,Body Mass Index (BMI) and Quality of life Index (QOL) were taken to evaluate the two groups of patients respectively 3 months before and after the admission of patients. Results: Compared with the control group, the health behavior of patients with coronary heart disease angina pectoris in the study group was improved significantly. The SAS, SDS and BMI levels of the study group were relieved. The scoring

  19. Detection of coronary microembolization by Doppler ultrasound in patients with stable angina pectoris during percutaneous coronary interventions under an adjunctive antithrombotic therapy with abciximab: design and rationale of the High Intensity Transient Signals ReoPro (HITS-RP study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kretzschmar Daniel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Embolization of atherosclerotic debris from the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque occurs iatrogenically during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI and can induce myocardial necrosis. These microembolizations are detected as high intensity transient signals (HITS using intracoronary Doppler technology. Presentation of the hypothesis In the presented study we will test if abciximab (ReoPro® infusion reduces high intensity transient signals in patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing PCI in comparison to standard therapy alone. Testing the hypothesis The High Intensity Transient Signals ReoPro® (HITS-RP study will enroll 60 patients. It is a prospective, single center, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. The study is designed to compare the efficacy of intravenous abciximab administration for reduction of microembolization during elective PCI. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to abciximab or placebo infusion. The primary end point of the HITS-RP-Study is the number of HITS during PCI measured by intracoronary Doppler wire. Secondary endpoints are bleeding complications, elevation of cardiac biomarkers or ECG changes after percutaneous coronary interventions, changes in coronary flow velocity reserve, hs-CRP elevation, any major adverse cardio-vascular event during one month follow-up. Implications of the hypothesis The HITS-RP-Study addresses important questions regarding the efficacy of intravenous abciximab administration in reducing microembolization and periprocedural complications in stable angina pectoris patients undergoing PCI. Trial registration The trial is registered under http://www.drks-neu.uniklinik-freiburg.de/drks_web/:DRKS00000603.

  20. Electrocardiogram Diagnosis of Unstable Angina Pectoris%不稳定型心绞痛心电图诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董红晶

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨不稳定型心绞痛患者心电图及动态心电图表现。方法选取2012年~2013年收治的不稳定型心绞痛患者心电图诊断资料进行分析。结果心绞痛发作时可出现暂时性心肌缺血引起的ST段压低(≥0.1 mV)。心电图负荷实验及24 h动态心电图可显著提高缺血性心脏病的检出率。结论心电图检查是发现心肌缺血、诊断心绞痛最常用的检查方法。%Objective The electrocardiogram and dynamic electrocardiogram of the patients with the unstable angina pectoris are to be investigated.Methods Electrocardiogram diagnosis data of patients with angina pectoris in this hospital from 2012 to 2013 are selected for analysis.ResultsWhen the angina pectoris happens, ST segment depresion (≥0.1 mV) can be caused by transient myocardial ischemia. Electrocardiogram stres test and 24h dynamic electrocardiogram can significantly improve the detection rate of ischemic heart disease.Conclusion Electrocardiogram examination is the most widely used inspection method to detect the myocardial ischemia and diagnose the angina pectoris.

  1. Diagnosis of Unstable Angina Pectoris Has Declined Markedly with the Advent of More Sensitive Troponin Assays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D'Souza, Maria; Sarkisian, Laura; Saaby, Lotte;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Since the arrival of the universal definition of myocardial infarction more sensitive troponin assays have been developed. How these occurrences have influenced the proportions and clinical features of the components of acute coronary syndrome have not been studied prospectively...... in unselected hospital patients. METHODS: During 2010 we evaluated all patients in whom cardiac troponin I had been measured at a single university hospital. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI......]) was established in cases of a rise and/or fall of cardiac troponin I together with cardiac ischemic features. Patients with unstable chest discomfort and cardiac troponin I values below the decision limit of myocardial infarction were diagnosed as having unstable angina pectoris. The definition of acute coronary...

  2. The analysis anxiety/depression score and treatment of patients with angina pectoris%冠心病心绞痛患者焦虑/抑郁情绪测定评分的分析及治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚涛; 吴达军

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of anxiety and depression cores in patients with coronary heart disease and the efficacy of anti-anxiety depression treatment. Methods The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale(HADS) were measured in 120 patients with angina pectoris and 20 healthy volunteers between March 2010 and February 2012. Patients with anxiety and/or depression were treated by deanxit.The level of Hospital anxiety and depression scores and Seattle Angina scale (SAQ) were compared between pre- and post-treatment. Results The level of Hospital anxiety and depression scores of patients were higher than of the contral. The level of Hospital anxiety and depression scores and quality of life of patients of patients were improved after treatment. After treatment, the degree of anxiety and depression scores and physical activity limitation, angina stability status, onset of angina, treatment satisfaction, knowledge of the disease severity score was negatively correlated. The statistics were significant differences. (P<0.05). Conclusion The patients with angina pectoris have significant symptoms of anxiety and depression.After jointed anti-anxiety depression treatment, the patients felt the quality of life improved, stress relieved, living healthy and relaxed.%目的:探讨冠心痛心绞痛患者焦虑抑郁评分的高低及抗焦虑抑郁治疗的疗效.方法:2010年3月~2012年2月于本院心内科治疗的冠心痛心绞痛患者120例,对照组为健康志愿者20例,行焦虑抑郁评分.有焦虑抑郁患者行黛力新抗焦虑抑郁治疗,治疗前后行焦虑抑郁评分及采用西雅图心绞痛量表(SAQ)对患者治疗前后生活质量评估.结果:冠心病心绞痛患者焦虑评分及抑郁评分均高于对照组.治疗后患者焦虑抑郁评分较治疗前明显改善.治疗后患者生活质量较前明显好转.治疗后焦虑抑郁评分与躯体活动受限程度、心绞痛稳定状态、心绞痛发作情况、治疗满意程度、

  3. Comparing systems for costing hospital treatments. The case of stable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Jytte; Skjoldborg, Ulla Slothuus

    2004-03-01

    This paper demonstrates the basic properties in the systems most commonly considered for costing treatments in the Danish hospitals. The differences between the traditional charge system, the DRG system and the ABC system are analysed, and difficulties encountered in comparing these systems are discussed. A sample of patients diagnosed with stable angina pectoris (SAP) at Odense University Hospital was used to compare the three systems when costing an entire treatment path, costing single hospitalisations and studying the effects of length of stay. Furthermore, it is illustrated that the main idea behind each system is reflected in how the systems over- or underestimate costs. Implications when managing the hospitals, particularly reimbursement, are discussed. PMID:15036817

  4. [Dengzhan Xixin injection as an adjuvant treatment for angina pectoris: a systematic review and Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Feng-jiao; Xie, Yan-ming; Liao, Xing; Jia, Min

    2015-08-01

    The paper is to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Deng Zhan Xi Xin injection ( DZXXI) as an adjuvant treatment for patients with angina pectoris. The Cochrane Library, Medline, EMbase, CBM, CNKI, VIP, and Wan fang Data base were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of DZXXI combined with western medicine routine treatment versus western medicine routine treatment alone for angina pectoris patients were all included. All trials were assessed according to the Cochrane Reviewer' s Handbook 5.1 for Systematic Reviews of Intervention and Meta analyses were performed by RevMan 5. 2 Software. A total of 30RCTs (3 086 patients including 1 572 patients of treatment group and 1 514 patients of control group) were included. Meta-analysis of treatment group compared with control group showed superior effect over reducing cardiovascular events ( OR = 0.33; 95% CI: [0.16, 0.67], P = 0.002, improving effective rate of DZXXI as adjuvant treatment for angina pectoris patients (OR = 3.97; 95% CI: [3.15, 5.02]; P < 0.000 010 and electrocardiogram curative effect (OR = 2.21; 95% CI; [1.83, 2.68]; P < 0.000 010. Funnel figure seemed that there was publication bias. The current limited evidence showed that when compared with the control group, treatment group was superior in improving patients with angina pectoris. But based on the limitations of the study, rigorous design with long follow up clinical trials are necessary for further evidence.

  5. Mechanisms of angina pectoris in syndrome X assessed by myocardial perfusion dynamics and heart rate variability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeder, JG; Blanksma, PK; Crijns, HJGM; Anthonio, RL; Pruim, J; Brouwer, J; DeJong, RM; VanderWall, EE; Vaalburg, W; Lie, KI

    1995-01-01

    The fundamental abnormality in syndrome X (angina pectoris, ischaemia-like stress ECG despite angiographically normal coronary arteries) might be patchily distributed increased tone in pre-arteriolar coronary vessels with compensatory release of adenosine. The aim of this study was to confirm this h

  6. Spinal cord stimulation in chronic intractable angina pectoris : A randomized, controlled efficacy study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hautvast, RWM; DeJongste, MJL; Staal, MJ; van Gilst, WH; Lie, KI

    1998-01-01

    Background Spinel cord stimulation is known to be a successful treatment for chronic intractable angina pectoris. its effect may be anti-ischemic. It is uncertain if the clinical effect is partly caused by a placebo effect of surgery For implantation of a stimulator. In this study, clinical efficacy

  7. Angina pectoris refractory for conventional therapy - Is neurostimulation a possible alternative treatment?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hautvast, RWM; DeJongste, MJL; TerHorst, GJ; Blanksma, PK; Lie, KI

    1996-01-01

    The treatment of angina pectoris as a symptom of coronary artery disease usually is focused on restoring the balance between oxygen demand and supply of the myocardium by administration of drugs interfering in heart rate, cardiac pre- and afterload, and coronary vascular tone. For nonresponders to d

  8. SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF BETA-BLOCKERS IN THE TREATMENT OF STABLE ANGINA-PECTORIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DEMUINCK, ED; LIE, KI

    1990-01-01

    In stable exercise-induced angina pectoris, beta-blockers exert their beneficial effects mainly through a reduction in heart rate, blood pressure, and contractility. Additional beneficial effects are an improvement in myocardial oxygen supply through a redistribution of coronary flow, a lengthening

  9. 稳定型心绞痛患者心肌缺血发作时心率变化的研究%Relationship study of heart rate changing with myocardial ischemia of patients with stable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曙艳; 高传玉

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the regularity of heart rate changing when myocardial ischemia attacks in patients with stable angina pectoris.Methods 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiogram(ECG)of 57 patients with stable angina pectoris was recorded and heart rate changing regularity was analyzed when myocardial ischemia attacked.Analyzing parameters included heart rate changes,with or without symptom according patient's dairy,persisting time(S)when ischemic ST segment depression was recorded.Results Heart rate was less 100 times/min which accounted for 90%when ischemic ST segment was recorded(myocardial ischemia attacks).Heart rate increase accounted for 86.5%in which 72.7%was less 10 times/min increase,heart rate decrease accounted for 1.5%when hear rate was compared to previous minute.Average myocardial ischemia time was(9±11)minutes.Total ischemic load was(81±20)minutes.The ratio of with or without symptom was 14.The lower the heart rate was,the longer the ischemic persisting time was(r=-0.954,P<0.01).Conclusion Ischemic ST segment depression of patients with stable angina pectoris is mainly result from transient ischemia of myocardium or from an imbMance between oxygen supply and oxygen demand in the heart and is not depending on heart rate changes.%目的 探讨稳定型心绞痛患者心肌缺血时心率变化的规律.方法 用动态心电图记录57例稳定型心绞痛患者心肌缺血时的心率变化、持续时间、症状及活动,探讨心肌缺血时心率变化规律.结果 90%以上心肌缺血发作时心率<100次/min,与缺血前1 min相比,心率增加者占86.5%,其中增加<10次/min者占72.7%;心率下降者占13.5%.平均心肌缺血持续时间(9±11)min,总缺血负荷(81±20)min,有症状心肌缺血与无症状心肌缺血之比为1∶4;结果还显示,心率越慢,缺血持续时间越长(r=-0.94,P<0.01).结论 稳定型心绞痛患者缺血性ST段变化是不依赖心率的原发性瞬间心肌供血障碍引起的.

  10. Erhöhter oxidativer Streß bei Patienten mit instabiler Angina pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bodlaj G

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Die instabile Angina pectoris führt oft zum akuten Myokardinfarkt. Da die Lipid-Peroxidation im Verdacht steht, chronische und akute Ereignisse der Atherosklerose und der koronaren Herzkrankheit zu fördern, untersuchten wir die Lipid-Peroxidations-Parameter und alpha-Toco-pherol-Spiegel bei 100 KHK-Patienten und verglichen sie mit denen einer entprechenden Kontrollgruppe. 50 konsekutive Patienten mit stabiler Angina pectoris (SAP und 50 konsekutive Patienten mit instabiler Angina pectoris (IAP wurden untersucht und mit 100 klinisch gesunden Personen verglichen. Zusätzlich zur herkömmlichen Lipid- und Lipoprotein-Analyse wurden die Lipid-Peroxidations-Produkte als Hydroperoxide und Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS gemessen. Die konjugierten Diene wurden nur bei den Patienten bestimmt. Da alpha-Tocopherol eines der wichtigsten Antioxidantien ist, wurde es ebenfalls quantifiziert. Wie erwartet hatten die Patienten wesentlich höhere Cholesterin-, Triglyzerid-, LDL-C- und Lp(a-Spiegel und niedrigere HDL-C-Spiegel als die Kontrollgruppe. Als die Patienten in Gruppen mit stabiler und instabiler Angina pectoris geteilt wurden, waren Peroxide und TBARS in der letzteren Gruppe wesentlich höher als bei den anderen Patienten und der Kontrollgruppe. Auch konjugierte Diene waren eindeutig höher bei den Patienten mit instabiler Angina pectoris. Der alpha-Tocopherol-Gesamtspiegel war in allen 3 Gruppen vergleichbar, aber der alpha-Tocopherol-Gehalt pro LDL-Partikel war bei den Patienten mit IAP am niedrigsten, gefolgt von denen mit SAP und der Kontrollgruppe. Wir schließen daraus, daß die Lipid-Peroxidations-Parameter bei Patienten mit IAP erhöht sind und SAP-Patienten von IAP-Patienten unterscheiden.

  11. Coronary blood flow dynamics during transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for stable angina pectoris associated with severe narrowing of one major coronary artery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jessurun, GAJ; Tio, RA; De Jongste, MJL; Hautvast, RWM; Den Heijer, P; Crijns, HJGM

    1998-01-01

    To study the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on coronary vasomotion, patients with New York Heart Association class III angina pectoris and significant single-vessel left coronary artery disease and who were also scheduled for elective percutaneous transluminal coronary

  12. Die Bedeutung der Kaliumkanalöffner für die Therapie der Angina pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auer J

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In der Behandlung der koronaren Herzkrankheit ist primär die Senkung der Ereignisrate (Mortalität, Koronarletalität, Myokardinfarkt, rezidivierende Angina, Insult, Herzinsuffizienz, Revaskularisationen anzustreben. Zusätzlich ist die Zielsetzung der antianginösen Therapie vor allem die Verbesserung der Belastungstoleranz sowie die Reduktion von ischämiebedingten Folgeerscheinungen. Für die antianginöse Therapie stehen vier Wirkstoffklassen zur Verfügung, die ein differenziertes Vorgehen erlauben und die wahlweise als Monotherapien oder in Kombination in der Therapie der stabilen Angina pectoris zur Anwendung kommen können: Betablocker, Nitrate, Kalziumantagonisten und Kaliumkanalöffner. Im Rahmen der IONA-Studie (Impact Of Nicorandil in Angina wurde rezent überprüft, ob unter einer Therapie mit Nicorandil bei Patienten mit chronisch stabiler Angina pectoris die Häufigkeit schwerwiegender koronarer Ereignisse verringert werden könnte. Mit dieser Studie konnte nun ein eindeutiger Hinweis für eine Reduktion ischämiebezogener klinischer Ereignisse unter Nicorandil bei Patienten mit Angina pectoris nachgewiesen werden. Während für die antianginöse Therapie bisher lediglich eine symptomlindernde Wirkung zweifelsfrei dokumentiert ist, verbessern Maßnahmen zur Verhinderung von Thrombose- und Atheromentwicklung die Prognose (Aspirin, Cumarine, ACE-Hemmer und Lipidsenker [Statine] sowie Lebensstilmodifikation einschließlich Nikotinkarenz. Grundsätzlich sollte darüber hinaus bei Patienten mit Angina-pectoris-Beschwerden immer die Option einer Koronarangiographie und Koronarintervention (PTCA, Stent, Bypass überlegt werden.

  13. The Effects of Xuefu Zhuyu and Shengmai on the Evolution of Syndromes and Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Unstable Angina Pectoris after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the effects of the Xuefu Zhuyu capsule (XFZY and the Shengmai capsule (SM on the evolution of syndromes and inflammatory markers in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. Ninety patients with UAP after PCI were randomly and equally assigned to three groups: the XFZY group, the SM group, and the placebo group, with 30 patients in each group. Six syndrome factors (including Qi deficiency, yin deficiency, yang deficiency, blood stasis, phlegm, and Qi stagnation and 4 inflammatory markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP, endothelins-1 (ET-1, matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9, and homocysteine (Hcy were observed at week 0 and at the 1st, 4th and 12th weeks. In conclusion, the evolution of syndromes present in patients with UAP after PCI followed these trends (1 The deficiency syndromes gradually increased during a 12-week period, but the excess syndromes first gradually decreased and then mildly increased after PCI. (2 XFZY and SM can prevent excess syndromes from increasing in the later stages and prevent deficiency syndromes from increasing in all stages. (3 XFZY and SMcan reduce the levels of the inflammatory markers, especially in the later stages after PCI.

  14. Shexiang Baoxin Pill treatment of elderly patients with chronic stable angina pectoris%麝香保心丸治疗老年慢性稳定性冠心病心绞痛

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锋

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe the curative ef ect of Shexiang Baoxin Pil in the treatment of elderly patients with chronic coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Methods:68 patients with coronary heart disease in our hospital, were randomly divided into two groups, the control group oral isosorbide dinitrate, Baoxin Pil containing musk treatment group under the tongue. Results: the treatment group total ef ectiveness 97.1%, the control group the total ef ective 83.8%. Conclusion: the method has obvious curative ef ect, improve the life quality of the patients.%目的:观察麝香保心丸治疗老年慢性冠心病心绞痛的疗效。方法选择本院门诊68例冠心病患者,随机分两组,对照组口服消心痛,治疗组舌下含化麝香保心丸。结果治疗组总有效97.1%,对照组总有效83.8%。结论此法疗效显著,提高患者生活质量。

  15. Alterations in left ventricular function during therapy of unstable angina pectoris: relationship to clinical outcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied 30 consecutive patients with unstable angina during pain-free intervals with gated blood pool scintigraphy. The initial study was performed within 18 hours of admission to the coronary care unit. A second study was performed near the time of hospital discharge, after stabilization with medical therapy. Three months thereafter patients were categorized according to their worst anginal status following hospital discharge. Fifteen patients were New York Heart Association functional class I or II (group A); 15 patients were in functional class III or IV (group B). Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar at the time of initial study (55.9 +/- 2.18% and 56.0 +/- 3.55% for groups A and B respectively). At the time of hospital discharge the ejection fraction had risen to 60.3 +/- 1.85% (p less than 0.01) in group A and in group B it had fallen to 48.1 +/- 3.4% (p less than 0.005). End-systolic volume index in group B rose from 37 ml/m2 +/- 6.1 to 43 +/- 6.2 ml/m2 (p less than 0.005) at the time of the follow-up study. There were no significant intergroup patients during the two scintigraphic examinations. Eleven group B patients subsequently underwent coronary artery bypass surgery. A significant increase in ejection fraction and a significant decrease in end-systolic volume index were noted when these patients were restudied an average of 3.2 months after surgery. This study suggests that changes in left ventricular function during the course of unstable angina pectoris are common and may be detected by serial gated blood pool scintigraphy

  16. Application Effect of Overall Nursing Intervention in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Combined With Angina Pectoris%冠心病合并心绞痛患者行整体护理干预的应用效果探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨冠心病合并心绞痛患者行整体护理干预的临床应用效果。方法随机将我院2014年3月~2015年3月收治的130例冠心病合并心绞痛患者分为两组,每组65例。对照组采用常规护理,观察组在对照组基础上实施整体护理干预,观察两组血压、心绞痛发作次数及护理满意度等指标。结果观察组血压、心绞痛发作次数、护理满意度等指标均优于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论冠心病合并心绞痛患者行整体护理干预临床效果理想,患者护理满意度高。%Objective To investigate the clinical application of overal nursing intervention effect in the coronary heart disease and angina pectoris patients. MethodsWe divided 130 patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris from March 2014 to March 2015 into two groups randomly,65 cases in each group. Control group using conventional nursing,the observation group was implemented overal nursing intervention on the basis of control group,observed two groups of blood pressure,attack frequency of angina pectoris and nursing satisfaction index.Results The observation group blood pressure,attack frequency of angina pectoris,nursing satisfaction index were significantly better than the control group,difference had statistical significance(P< 0.05).Conclusion The effect of overal nursing intervention effect in the coronary heart disease and angina pectoris patients is significant,improving nursing satisfaction.

  17. Ranolazin--ny behandling af kronisk stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlehoff, Ole; Hansen, Peter Riis

    2009-01-01

    Ranolazine sustained-release tablets were recently approved in the EU for chronic stable angina as add-on therapy when symptoms are not controlled with first-line agents. The mechanism of action is thought to involve inhibition of late sodium influx in the heart, which can reduce abnormalities...

  18. 踏车运动对老年稳定型心绞痛患者的影响%The effect of treadmill exercise on the prognosis of elderly patients with stable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋红; 邓景贵; 陶希; 陈美娟

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨踏车运动对老年稳定型心绞痛患者的影响.方法:141例老年稳定型心绞痛患者随机分成治疗组(68例)和对照组(73例),治疗组进行踏车运动和常规药物治疗,对照组实行常规药物治疗,疗程4个月.使用放射免疫法检测实验前后血浆TXA2及免疫比浊法检测CRP、LDL-C和HDL-C水平,监测实验过程中心率及血压变化,比较实验前后两者有无差异,并调查对比两组实验结束后1月内心绞痛的发生率.结果:治疗组有2例患者因不能耐受退出研究.对照组治疗后血浆CRP、TXA2和LDL-C水平分别下降58.30%、45.64%和36.04%,HDL-C升高0.71%;治疗组治疗后血浆CRP、TXA2和LDL-C水平分别下降65.47%、38.29%和36.18%,HDL-C升高2.11%;治疗组较对照组CRP下降明显,差异有显著性意义(P>0.05);但丽组间TXA2、LDL-C下降及HDL-C升高无明显差异(P>0.05).治疗前后两组间血压、心率变化无明显差异.两组治疗后均进行随访1个月,治疗组(5/66)较对照组(16/73)心绞痛发生率明显减少,差异有显著性意义(P>0.05).结论:踏车运动能明显降低老年稳定型心绞痛患者心绞痛发生率,其机制可能与降低CRP表达有关.%Objective: To study the effect of treadmill exercise on the prognosis of elderly patients with stable angina pecto- ris (SAP) patients.Method: One hundred and forty-one SAP patients were divided randomly into treadmill exercise group (68 cases) and control group (73 cases). The patients in treadmill exercise group received treadmill and conventional drug treatment for 4 months, and those in control group received routine drug treatment only. The differences on levels of plasma CRP, TXA2, LDL-C and HDL-C were defected between before and after experiment; the diversities of heart rate and blood pressure were monitored in experiment process and the differences between before and after experiment were compared; and the incidences of angina pectoris

  19. Stable angina pectoris with no obstructive coronary artery disease is associated with increased risks of major adverse cardiovascular events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Lasse; Hvelplund, Anders; Abildstrøm, Steen Z;

    2012-01-01

    (MACE), defined as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure, and all-cause mortality. Significantly more women (65%) than men (32%) had no obstructive CAD (P<0.001). In Cox's models adjusted for age, body mass index, diabetes, smoking, and use of lipid-lowering or...... stable angina and normal coronary arteries or diffuse non-obstructive CAD have elevated risks of MACE and all-cause mortality compared with a reference population without ischaemic heart disease.......AimsPatients with chest pain and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are considered at low risk for cardiovascular events but evidence supporting this is scarce. We investigated the prognostic implications of stable angina pectoris in relation to the presence and degree of CAD with no...

  20. Clinical Effects Observation of Compound Danseng Dripping Pills in Treating Unsteady Angina Pectoris Patients%复方丹参滴丸治疗不稳定性心绞痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2001-01-01

    Aim To observe the clinical effects of treatment for curing the unsteady angina pectoris(belonging to the blood blocked heart vessels symptoms) by taking advantage of the Chinese medicine called compound Danseng dripping pills.Methods By means of randomization control and on the basis of regular treatments,38 cases of the treated group adopt the dripping pills for treatment,meanwhile,35 cases of the control group adopt the Isosorbide dinitrate.Either of the treatments takes four weeks.Observing the changes of the two groups in symptoms,classified angina pectoris,ECG,the blood-flowing power and so on.Results The effect rate of the treated group is 92.1%.Compared with the control group,it has remarkable differences in classified angina pectoris,improving the heart vessels and the character of blood blowing(P<0.05,P<0.001) without any adverse reaction.Conclusion The compound danseng dripping pills have remarkable effects on the unsteady angina pectoris.%目的观察中成药复方丹参滴丸治疗冠心病不稳定性心绞痛(属心血瘀阻证)的临床疗效。方法采用随机对照法,在常规治疗基础上,治疗组38例使用复方丹参滴丸治疗,对照组35例使用硝酸异山梨醇酯片治疗,疗程均为4周。观察两组症状,治疗前后心绞痛分级,心电图,血流动力学等变化。结果治疗组总有效率为92.1%,对心绞痛分级,改善缺血心电图以及改善血液流变性等,与对照组比较,均有显著性差异(P<0.05,P<0.001),无不良反应。结论复方丹参滴丸对不稳定性心绞痛有较显著疗效。

  1. Effect of short-term high-dose atorvastatin on systemic inflammatory response and myocardial ischemic injury in patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Fei; Yin Zhao; Shi Quanxing; Zhao Bei; Wang Shouli

    2014-01-01

    Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could develop periprocedural myocardial infarction and inflammatory response and statins can modify inflammatory responses property.The aim of this study was to evaluate whether short-term high-dose atorvastatin therapy can reduce inflammatory response and myocardial ischemic injury elicited by PCI.Methods From March 2012 to May 2014,one hundred and sixty-five statin-naive patients with unstable angina referred for PCI at Department of Cardiology of the 306th Hospital,were enrolled and randomized to 7-day pretreatment with atorvastatin 80 mg/d as high dose group (HD group,n=56) or 20 mg/d as normal dose group (ND group,n=57) or an additional single high loading dose (80 mg) followed 6-day atorvastatin 20 mg/d as loading dose group (LD group,n=52).Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were determined before intervention and at 5 minutes,24 hours,48 hours,72 hours,and 7 days after intervention.Creatine kinase-myocardial isoenzyme (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnl) were measured at baseline and then 24 hours following PCI.Results Plasma CRP and IL-6 levels increased from baseline after PCI in all groups.CRP reached a maximum at 48 hours and IL-6 level reached a maximum at 24 hours after PCI.Plasma CRP levels at 24 hours after PCI were significantly lower in the HD group ((9.14±3.02) mg/L) than in the LD group ((11.06±3.06) mg/L) and ND group ((12.36±3.08) mg/L,P <0.01); this effect persisted for 72 hours.IL-6 levels at 24 hours and 48 hours showed a statistically significant decrease in the HD group ((16.19±5.39) ng/L and (14.26±4.12) ng/L,respectively)) than in the LD group ((19.26±6.34) ng/L and (16.03±4.08) ng/L,respectively,both P <0.05) and ND group ((22.24±6.98) ng/L and (17.24±4.84) ng/L,respectively).IL-6 levels at 72 hours and 7 days showed no statistically significant difference among the study groups.Although PCI caused a significant increase in CK-MB and cTnl at

  2. Effect of folic acid supplementation on levels of circulating Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 and the presence of intravascular ultrasound derived virtual histology thin-cap fibroatheromas in patients with stable angina pectoris.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjetil H Løland

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Virtual Histology Intravascular Ultrasound (VH-IVUS may be used to detect early signs of unstable coronary artery disease. Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1 is linked with coronary atherosclerosis and plaque instability and could potentially be modified by folic acid treatment. METHODS: In a randomized, prospective study, 102 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP received percutaneous coronary intervention and established medical treatment as well as either homocysteine-lowering folic acid/vitamin B12 (± B6 or placebo (± B6 for 1 year before VH-IVUS was performed. The presence of VH-Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma (VH-TCFA in non-intervened coronary vessels was registered and serum levels of MCP-1 were measured. The patients were subsequently followed for incident myocardial infarction (MI. RESULTS: Patients treated with folic acid/vitamin B12 had a geometric mean (SD MCP-1 level of 79.95 (1.49 versus 86.00 (1.43 pg/mL for patients receiving placebo (p-value 0.34. VH-TCFA lesions were present in 7.8% of patients and did not differ between intervention arms (p-value 0.47. Serum levels of MCP-1 were 1.46 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.92 times higher in patients with VH-TCFA lesions than in those without (p-value 0.005. Afterwards, patients were followed for median 2.1 years and 3.8% experienced a myocardial infarction (MI, which in post-hoc Cox regression analyses was independently predicted by both MCP-1 (P-value 0.006 and VH-TCFA (p-value 0.01. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SAP receiving established medical treatment, folic acid supplementation is not associated with either presence of VH-TCFA or levels of MCP-1. MCP-1 is however associated with VH-TCFA, a finding corroborated by increased risk for future MI. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00354081.

  3. 体外心脏震波系统治疗顽固性心绞痛的临床探讨%Clinical study on treatment of extracorporeal cardiac shocK wave therapy in refractory angina pectoris patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘保逸; 陈聪霞; 张瑞生; 李文婵; 姚稚明; 何青

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal cardiac shock wave system ( CSWT ) in treating refractory angina pectoris patients. Methods Fifteen patients with severe coronary artery disease which was documented by coronary angiogram present with refractory angina pectoris were selected. The ischemic area was determined by the 99m Technetium-MIBI single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The CSWT were performed in 3 months, and totally 9 times. The clinical evaluations include Canadian Cardiovascular Society ( CCS) class scores, New York Heart Association class ( NYHA ) , Seattle angina questionnaire ( SAQ ) , 6-min walking distance and the use of dosage of nitroglycerin;left ventricular end diastolic diameter ( LVEDD ) and left ventricular ejection of fraction ( LVEF) were also evaluated by echocardiography. The amelioration of ischemic myocardial was analyzed by SPECT, through comparison of myocardial perfusion scores and ischemic area before and after treatment. The variation of segment myocardial dysfunction was assessed by wall motion and wall thickening. Results CSWT obviously ameliorated CCS, NYHA, SAQ score, improved 6-min walking distance and decreased the use of nitroglycerin dose, but there was no significant changes in LVEDD and LVEF. SPECT date showed that in the treated segment, the rest myocardial perfusion score decreased from 1. 89 ± 0. 94 to 1. 37 ± 1. 07 (p=0. 004) and stress perfusion score also decreased from 2. 56 ±1. 19 to 1. 70 ±1. 27 (p=0. 000). The rest ischemic area decreased from 30. 81% ± 36. 60% to 17. 19% ± 28. 34% ( p =0. 004 ) and stress ischemic area from 61. 85% ± 30. 89% to 46. 31% ± 35. 72% ( p=0. 001 ) . The ventricular wall motion was improved from (6. 48 ± 2. 71) mm to (7. 49 ± 2. 43) mm (p=0. 007) and thickening from 44. 00% ± 22. 66% to 50. 46% ± 19. 91% (p=0. 038) in the rest, but no significant changes in the stress. There was no significant changes in CK, CKMB, TNT and there was no

  4. Study of relationship between the levels of serum bilirubin ,uric acid and unstable angina pectoris%不稳定型心绞痛患者血清胆红素及尿酸水平的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁启权; 曾胜宏

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨冠心病不稳定型心绞痛与胆红素及尿酸的关系.方法 将入选202例冠心病不稳定型心绞痛患者,采集空腹静脉血测定总胆红素、直接胆红素、间接胆红素及尿酸,比较其心绞痛发作时、3个月、6个月及1年内未再发作时胆红素及尿酸的变化情况.结果 心绞痛发作时胆红素降低,尿酸偏高.结论 胆红素和尿酸水平可间接反映不稳定型心绞痛机体氧化、抗氧化情况,胆红素对评估病情有一定帮助.%Objective To investigate the relationship between the levels of serum bilirubin,uric acid(UA) and coronary heart disease unstable angina pectoris.Methods The leves of total bilirubin (TBIL),direct bilirubin (DBIL),indirect bilirubin(IBIL) and UA in venous blood by limosis were determind in 202 patients with unstable angina pectoris.We determine the different levels of TBIL,DBIL,IBIL and UA when they were suffering from angina pectoris.Then we respectively determine the levels of TBIL,DBIL,IBIL and UA in 3 months,6 months and 12 months after they had been suffered from angina pectoris.Results The levels of serum bilirubin were lower and UA were higher,when the patients were suffering from angina pectoris.Conclusion We can indirectly assess the oxidative and antioxidative activities by testing bilirubin and UA in unstable angina pectoris.

  5. Influence of preinfarction angina pectoris on patients with primary ST elevation acute myocardial in-farction%梗死前心绞痛对初发ST段抬高的急性心肌梗死的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏树涛; 赵施竹

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe influence of preinfarction angina pectoris (PAP)on primary ST elevation acute my-ocardial infarction (AMI).Methods:A total of 280 patients with primary ST elevation AMI received coronary angi-ography (CAG)within 24h after symptoms occurred,and they received ECG and QRS scoring on hospitalization. According to PAP or not,patients were divided into PAP group (n=102)and non PAP group (n=178).According to attack to CAG time,patients were divided into early stage group (<2h,n=60),mid-term group (2~6h,n=150)and advanced stage group (6~24h,n=70).Results:QRS score of PAP patients [(2.4±2.4)scores]was sig-nificantly lower than that of non PAP patients [(3.2±3.0)scores],percentage of high QRS score in PAP group (8.0%)was also significantly lower than that of non PAP group (18.4%),P<0.05 both.In early stage group, there was no significant difference in QRS score [(2.0±1.8)scores vs.(2.6±2.8)scores,P=0.35]between PAP and non PAP patients;The QRS score of PAP patients [(2.0±2.1)scores]was significantly lower than that of non PAP group [(3.0 ±3.0)scores]in mid-term group,P=0.03;in advanced stage group,the QRS score all signifi-cantly rose in PAP patients [(4.1 ±3.3)scores]and non PAP patients [(5.5±2.9)scores],P=0.13;QRS score gradually rose along with onset time prolonged in non PAP group.Conclusion:Preinfarction angina pectoris can de-lay progress of acute myocardial infarction and expand therapeutic window of reperfusion.%目的:观察梗死前心绞痛(PAP)对初发 ST段抬高急性心肌梗死(AMI)进展的影响。方法:280例初发ST段抬高 AMI患者,发病后24h内进行冠脉造影,心电图检查并作 QRS记分。根据有无PAP,患者被分为 PAP (102例)和非PAP组(178例)。根据发病至造影时间患者被分为:早期组(<2h,60例)、中期组(2~6h,150例)和晚期组(6~24h,70例)。结果:伴有PAP患者较无PAP患者 QRS记分显著降低[(2.4±2.4)分比(3.2±3

  6. [Relations of the duration of pre-existing angina pectoris, collateral circulation and left ventricular function after isolated coronary occlusion with or without myocardial infarction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juillière, Y; Danchin, N; Grentzinger, A; Suty-Selton, C; Perrin, O; Guenoun, P; Pernot, C; Cherrier, F

    1990-10-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the relationship between the duration of preceding angina pectoris, collateral circulation and left ventricular function after isolated coronary occlusion with or without myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography of 138 consecutive patients showed isolated and complete occlusions of the left anterior descending (58 patients) or right coronary artery (80 patients). One hundred and four patients had myocardial infarction with (Group A, n = 21) or without (Group B, n = 83) preceding angina pectoris and 34 had angina without myocardial infarction (Group C). The left ventricular ejection fraction was measured by ventriculography in the 30 degrees right anterior oblique projection. The collateral circulation was assessed by coronary angiography and evaluated as follows: no flow or flow limited to collateral branches (subgroup 1) and partial or complete filling of the epicardial arterial segment (subgroup 2). In the global population the left ventricular ejection fraction was higher and the duration of preceding angina pectoris was longer in the subgroups with a well developed collateral circulation. There was no difference in ejection fraction between Groups A and B (presence of myocardial infarction), on the other hand, within each of the groups, a good collateral circulation (subgroup 2) was associated with a significantly higher ejection fraction. Group C (without infarction) patients had better ejection fractions than Groups A or B, especially when the collateral circulation was poorly developed. Within Group C, the quality of the collateral circulation did not seem to affect the ejection fraction. The left ventricular ejection fraction is lower in patients with isolated coronary occlusion and myocardial infarction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  7. Cardiac catheterization in patients with unstable angina. Recent onset vs crescendo pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotnik, G D; Fisher, M L; Carliner, N H; Becker, L C

    1980-08-01

    Among patients with unstable angina pectoris, those with crescendo angina seem to be at high risk for death and myocardial infarction. We reviewed the clinical, arteriographic, and hemodynamic findings in 218 consecutive catheterized patients with unstable angina. Unstable angina was defined as ischemic cardiac pain at rest associated with transient ECG changes but no evidence for acute myocardial infarction. Patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of symptoms: 134 patients with crescendo angina (new, or increasing, rest pain with previous ischemic symptoms present for more than three months) and 84 with recent onset angina (symptoms present for less than three months). Compared with patients with recent onset symptoms, patients with crescendo angina had more extensive coronary disease and lower ejection fractions, which may explain their poor prognosis.

  8. [The diagnostic value of delta-R and delta-Q as positive criteria of the ergometry test in a group of patients with angina pectoris of effort].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doria, G; Cangemi, F; Gulizia, M; Cuocina, N; Tosto, A; Circo, A

    1989-11-01

    ECG-exercise tests were performed in 29 patients affected by effort chest pain. All patients underwent coronary angiography and/or revealed positive results in the cycloergometer effort test. The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrasonic variations in the R and Q waves due to maximal effort, so as to increase the information provided by the effort ECG. In the coronary angiographic test, 21 out of 29 patients revealed significant hemodynamic coronary stenosis; 10 patients were affected by previous myocardial necrosis; 8 patients showed no hemodynamic coronary lesions (OV). In the OV patients a statistically significant increase was observed in the Q wave at maximal effort in comparison with average basal values; on the other hand, there was a decrease, although not significant, in voltage at peak effort in patients with coronary stenosis. R wave amplitude was smaller in comparison to basal values in OV patients, while a significant increase was observed in the 21 patients with coronary lesions. PMID:2622535

  9. Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Are Correlates of Angina Pectoris by Recent History and an Ischemia-Positive Treadmill Test in Patients with Documented Coronary Artery Disease in the Pimi Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark W. Ketterer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. We tested the association of specific psychological characteristics in patients having stable coronary disease with the reporting of anginal symptoms during daily activities, and positive exercise testing. Methods. One hundred and ninety-six patients with documented CAD enrolled in the Psychophysiological Investigations of Myocardial Ischemia (PIMI Study completed an anginal history questionnaire and a battery of psychometric tests. They also underwent standardized exercise treadmill tests. Results. Patients with a recent history of angina were more likely to be female, and had higher Beck Depression (P=.002, State Anxiety (P=.001, Trait Anxiety (P=.03, Harm Avoidance (P=.04 and Muscle Tension (P=.004 scores than patients who had no recent history of angina. Along with several treadmill variables indicating more severe disease state and reduced exercise tolerance, patients who developed angina on a positive treadmill test also displayed higher scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (P=.003 and State Anxiety (P=.004 scales. Conclusions. Several psychological characteristics, and most notably anxiety and depression, are strong correlates of recent angina and angina in the presence of ischemia provoked by treadmill testing.

  10. Effect of Diltiazem on Coronary Artery Flow and Myocardial Perfusion in Patients With Isolated Coronary Artery Ectasia and Either Stable Angina Pectoris or Positive Myocardial Ischemic Stress Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, Ozgur Ulas; Atmaca, Yusuf; Goksuluk, Huseyin; Akbulut, Irem Muge; Ozyuncu, Nil; Ersoy, Nedret; Erol, Cetin

    2015-10-15

    Isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE) may be associated with stable or unstable coronary events despite the absence of epicardial coronary stenosis. Impaired coronary flow dynamics and myocardial perfusion have been demonstrated in stable patients with ectatic coronary arteries. We aimed to assess whether epicardial flow and tissue-level perfusion would be improved by diltiazem in myocardial regions subtended by the ectatic coronary arteries in patients with isolated CAE. A total of 60 patients with isolated CAE were identified of 9,780 patients who underwent elective coronary angiography. Patients were randomized to 5 mg of intracoronary diltiazem or saline. Coronary blood flow of the microvascular network was assessed using myocardial blush grade (MBG) technique. The thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade and TIMI frame count (TFC) were used to assess epicardial coronary flow. MBG (from 2.4 to 2.6, p = 0.02), TIMI flow grades (from 2.4 to 2.8, p flow grade; and from 35 to 33, p = 0.43 for TFC). Diltiazem provided amelioration of the altered coronary flow dynamics, which was suggested as the pathophysiological influence of CAE. In conclusion, the favorable effects of the diltiazem on myocardial perfusion were observed at both epicardial and tissue levels.

  11. Dietary factor VII activation does not increase plasma concentrations of prothrombin fragment 1+2 in patients with stable angina pectoris and coronary atherosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bladbjerg, E-M; Münster, A M; Marckmann, P;

    2000-01-01

    Studies in healthy subjects showed that blood coagulation factor VII (FVII) is activated postprandially after consumption of high-fat meals, but accompanying thrombin formation has not been demonstrated. In patients with coronary atherosclerosis, the arterial intima is supposed to present more ti...

  12. Assessment of myocardial fatty acid metabolism in patients with angina pectoris and diabetes mellitus using 123I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the effect of myocardial ischemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) on the myocardial fatty acid metabolism using 123I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy. We performed 123I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy in 50 patients with myocardial ischemia and without DM (AP), in 30 patients with myocardial ischemia and DM (AP+DM), 12 patients with DM and without myocardial ischemia (DM), and in 10 normal subjects (N). Myocardial uptake rate of 123I-BMIPP was obtained using the time activity curve. Myocardial washout rate of 123I-BMIPP was calculated using the polar images of early and delayed SPECT images. Myocardial uptake rate of 123I-BMIPP (%) were AP: 4.9±0.6, AP+DM: 5.5±0.5, DM 5.7±0.5 and N: 5.0±0.4. 123I-BMIPP myocardial uptake rate was increased in AP+DM and DM. 123I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate (%) were AP: 30.2±4.3, AP+DM: 24.5±3.9, DM: 16.1±2.8 and N: 19.4±3.2. 123I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was increased in AP and AP+DM. 123I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was increased particularly in patients with multi-vessels disease. 123I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was decreased in DM. The present study suggested that diabetes mellitus increased myocardial fatty acid uptake and decreased myocardial fatty acid washout, and that myocardial ischemia increased myocardial fatty acid washout. (author)

  13. Assessment of myocardial fatty acid metabolism in patients with angina pectoris and diabetes mellitus using {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, Kazuki; Tanabe, Takuji; Yuba, Tatsuya; Doue, Tomoki; Adachi, Yoshihiko; Katoh, Shuuji [Asahi Univ., Gifu (Japan). Murakami Memorial Hospital; Sugihara, Hiroki; Azuma, Akihiro; Nakagawa, Masao

    2001-11-01

    We studied the effect of myocardial ischemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) on the myocardial fatty acid metabolism using {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy. We performed {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy in 50 patients with myocardial ischemia and without DM (AP), in 30 patients with myocardial ischemia and DM (AP+DM), 12 patients with DM and without myocardial ischemia (DM), and in 10 normal subjects (N). Myocardial uptake rate of {sup 123}I-BMIPP was obtained using the time activity curve. Myocardial washout rate of {sup 123}I-BMIPP was calculated using the polar images of early and delayed SPECT images. Myocardial uptake rate of {sup 123}I-BMIPP (%) were AP: 4.9{+-}0.6, AP+DM: 5.5{+-}0.5, DM 5.7{+-}0.5 and N: 5.0{+-}0.4. {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial uptake rate was increased in AP+DM and DM. {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate (%) were AP: 30.2{+-}4.3, AP+DM: 24.5{+-}3.9, DM: 16.1{+-}2.8 and N: 19.4{+-}3.2. {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was increased in AP and AP+DM. {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was increased particularly in patients with multi-vessels disease. {sup 123}I-BMIPP myocardial washout rate was decreased in DM. The present study suggested that diabetes mellitus increased myocardial fatty acid uptake and decreased myocardial fatty acid washout, and that myocardial ischemia increased myocardial fatty acid washout. (author)

  14. Use of comparative effectiveness research for similar Chinese patent medicine for angina pectoris of coronary heart disease: a new approach based on patient-important outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Hongbo; Zhai, Jingbo; Mu, Wei; Lei, Xiang; Cao, Hongxia; Liu, Chunxiang; Shang, Hongcai

    2014-01-01

    Background The practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a profound history in many Asian countries. TCM syndrome is a set of characteristic physical signs and symptoms shared by a group of patients. Syndrome diagnosis and treatment assignment according to the identified TCM syndrome is a long-held practice of Chinese medicine. Owing to its distinctive way of interpreting illness and administering care, medical practitioners not well educated in TCM theories and practices are general...

  15. 基于冠心病心绞痛患者报告的临床结局评价量表的科学性考评%Scientific evaluation on rating scale based on angina pectoris patients-reported outcomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何庆勇; 荆鲁; 农一兵; 王阶; 朱明军; 马长生; 叶勇; 林谦; 衷敬柏; 汤艳莉; 熊兴江

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Reliability, validity and responsiveness analysis of rating scale based on angina pectoris patientsreported outcomes.Methods: 237 patients with angina pectoris confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled with multicenter.(Including 159 patients with angina pectoris, 78 patients with coronary artery sclerosis).Methodds of Cronbach's a coefficient and Guttman Split-half were used for reliability analysis.Factor analysis was used for assessment the construct validity of scale.The content validity and criteria validity of scale were assessed by Spearman rank correlation analysis.Discriminated validity of scale were assessed by independent samples t test, and responsiveness of scale were assessed by pair samples t test.Results: ① The Cronbach's α coefficient of scale was 0.813, split-half reliability was 0.707.②Total variance explained of scale was 50.08% by factor analysis.Each entry had a strong correlation with their respective field (P<0.01), each entry can be better to represent the theme of their respective field, except the first entry.The total scale, physical field, psychological field, the field of social relations and social environment of the field had good discriminated validity (P<0.05), except the independence of the field.The total of rating scale based on angina pectoris patients-reported outcomes and Seattle Angina Scale had a good correlation (correlation coefficient was 0.689, P<0.001).③The rating scale based on angina pectoris patients-reported outcomes had good responsiveness (P<0.001).Conclusion: The rating scale based on angina pectoris patients-reported outcomes have good reliability, validity and responsiveness.And the the rating scale based on angina pectoris patients-reported outcomes can be used for clinical evaluation.%目的:评价基于冠心病心绞痛患者报告的临床结局评价量表的信度、效度和反应度.方法:多中心收集了237例经冠脉造影证实的患者(159

  16. Effect of the platelet membrane GP Ⅰ a gene polymorphism in the pathogenesis of unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yonghui Zhao; Changcong Cui; Yanni Wang; Jiaqing Zhu

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet membrane glycoprotein(GP) Ⅰ a gene polymorphism in the pathogenesis of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) in Chinese people. Methods: Collagen type Ⅰ -induced platelet aggregation was measured in 33healthy subjects in vitro. Plasma level of α-granule membrane protein (GMP-140) was measured in both the above 33 healthy subjects during fasting and 35 patients with recent onset effort anina during rest onset within 24 h after hospitalization. Furthermore, the platelet membrane GP Ⅰ a gene 807C/T polymorphism was checked in all subjects with polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers(PCR-SSP)technique. Results: The lag time before 30% platelet aggregation was significantly longer in healthy subjects with CC genotype than with TC genotype ( P <0.01). However, there was no significant difference in the maximal platelet aggregation between healthy subjects with the above two genotypes. Plasma level of GMP-140 was significantly higher in TC genotypic patients with recent onset effort angina than in CC genotypic patients with the same type of UAP( P < 0.05) and healthy subjects ( P < 0.01), furthermore, there was also significant difference between the latter two groups( P < 0.05). Conclusion: The rapid initiation of collagen-induced platelet aggregation may be associated with platelet membrane GP Ⅰ a T807 allele, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of UAP.

  17. Gender differences of atherosclerotic plaque characteristics in elderly patients with stable angina pectoris%血管内超声评价老年冠心病患者冠状动脉钙化病变的性别差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小飞; 陈欣; 王佩显

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the gender differences of atherosclerotic plaque characteristics in elderly patients with stabel angina pectoris using intravascular ultrasound(IVUS). Methods Sixty-one elderly patients with stable angina pectoris,age ≥65 years,male 33,female 28. One 50% -70% stenosis plaque was selected as target plaque in each patient. Coronary artery angiography and target plaque IVUS were performed to compare the vascular volume, lumen volume, plaque volume and calcification burden with arc area(AA). Results The vascular volume,lumen volume in female elderly patients were less than in male elderly patients(P<0. 05) ,there were no differences in plaque volume between male and female. AA in female patients was more than in male pa-tients(P<0. 05). Conclusion Female elderly patients with stable angina pectoris has smaller coronary artery and lumen at plaque segment as plaque burden was not different. Calcification burden in the plaque is more in female than in male patients.%目的 应用血管内超声评价不同性别老年冠心病患者冠状动脉粥样硬化斑块钙化情况.方法 选择年龄≥65岁稳定性心绞痛患者61例.所有患者均行冠状动脉造影,选取一处狭窄50%~70%的斑块进行血管内超声检查,测量血管、管腔、斑块体积及斑块钙化的弧面积.结果 女性患者血管体积和管腔体积较男性明显缩小,斑块钙化弧面积明显增加(P<0.05).结论 在斑块体积相同条件下,女性患者冠状动脉粥样硬化斑块部位血管体积和管腔体积小于男性,女性患者斑块钙化负荷明显高于男性.

  18. PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF NICORANDIL ON PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA PECTORIS UNDERGOING PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION%尼可地尔对行PCI不稳定型心绞痛病人心肌保护作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彦; 孙道媛; 田建会

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the myocardial protective effect of oral Nicorandil on patients with unstable angina pec-toris (UAP) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) therapy. Methods Sixty patients with UAP needed PCI were equally randomized to Nicorandil group and control group. The patients in control group were given a conventional iherapy, those in Nicorandil group were added Nicorandil, 5 mg, three times a day, 48 hours prior to PCI, in addition to routine therapy. The medication was continued for eight weeks after PCI. Serum concentrations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac tropo-nin I (cTnl) were measured in both of the groups before and 6, 12, and 24 h after PCI. The electrocardiogram (ECG) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were observed eight weeks after the procedure. Results The serum levels of CK-MB and cTnl were significantly lower in the Nicorandil group than that in the control group 24 h after PCI 1,1=2. 040,2. 241 ;P<0. OS). Post-PCI serum CK-MB and cTnl elevated were noted in five patients (16. 7%) in Nicorandil group and 13(43. 3%) in the control group, the difference being significant between the two groups (P=0. 047). Follow-up ECG and echocardiography conducted eight weeks after PCI revealed that the ECG and LEVF improved better in Nicorandil group than the control (u = 2.475,t = 2.061 ;P< C. 05). Conclusion Oral administration of Nicorandil has a definite myocardial protection in patients with UAP undergoing PCI.%目的 探讨口服尼可地尔对行经皮冠状动脉介入治疗(PCI)不稳定型心绞痛病人的心肌保护作用.方法 以在我科住院需行PCI的不稳定型心绞痛病人60例作为研究对象,随机分为2组,各30例.对照组入院后给予不稳定型心绞痛常规治疗;尼可地尔组在常规治疗的基础上,术前48 h给予尼可地尔每次5 mg,每天3次,术后继续以相同剂量口服尼可地尔8周.比较两组PCI治疗前及治疗后6、12、24 h血清肌酸激酶同

  19. 脑钠肽与不稳定型心绞痛患者左心功能相关性研究%Relationship between brain natriuretic peptide and left heart function in patients with unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 夏勇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the changing rule of plasma level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP)in patients with unstable angina pectoris ( UAP) ,and explore the correlation between the changes of left heart function and BNP. Methods Fifty-seven cases who underwent coronary angiography( CAC) examination were included. Twelve cases with normal CAG examination results as control group, forty -five patients with UAP were divided into grade Ⅰ group(n = 16) ,grade Ⅱ group(n = 14) and grade Ⅲ group(n = 15) according to the class of Braunwald. The left atrial dianieter(LAD) ,left ventricular end-diastolic diameter( LVEDd), left ventricular posterior wall thickness( LVP-WT) ,intervenlricular septal thickness( IVST) ,left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF)and E/A were detected in all cases by Doppler echocardiography. The value of LVEDP was detected by record left ventricular pressure curves in all cases. The plasma concentration of BNP was measured by radioimmunoassay. Results There were significant differences in the plasma levels of BNP and LVEDP in control group,grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ groups(P 0.05). The plasma level of BNP was obviously correlated with LVEDP in all cases ( r = 0.756, P < 0.01). Conclusion The level of BNP could reflect the severity of cardiac ischemia in patients with UAP.it could reflect the severities of congestive heart failure to some extend.%目的 研究血浆脑钠肽(BNP)水平与左心室舒张末期压力(LVEDP)在不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)患者中的变化规律,探讨左心功能的变化与BNP变化的相关性.方法 选择57例冠状动脉造影(CAG)检查者为研究对象,CAG检查正常者12例作为对照组,45例UAP患者按Braunwald分级分为Ⅰ级组(16例)、Ⅱ级组(14例)和Ⅲ级组(15例).所有患者采用多普勒超声心动图检测左心房前后径(LAD)、左心室舒张末期内径(LVEDd)、左心室后壁厚度(LVPWT)、室间隔厚度(IVST)、左心室射血分

  20. A Clinical Study of Safflower Yellow Injection in Treating Coronary Heart Disease Angina Pectoris with Xin-Blood Stagnation Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of Safflower Yellow injection (SYI) in treating coronary heart disease angina pectoris (CHD-AP) with Xin-blood stagnation syndrome (XBSS).Methods: Adopted was the multi-centered, randomized, positive parallel controlled method, 448 patients with CHD-AP-XBSS were enrolled and divided into two groups, 336 in the tested group treated with SYI and112 in the control group treated with Salvia injection by intravenous dripping once a day for 14 days, so as to observe the conditions of angina, electrocardiogram, and therapeutic effect on traditinal Chinese medicine(TCM) symptoms as well as the safety of the treatment. Results: The significantly effective rate and total effective rate in the tested group were 60.06% (194/323) and 91.02% (294/323) respectively; those in improvement of TCM symptoms were 40.18% (129/321) and 75.23% (243/323) respectively, which were better than those in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: SYI Injection is effective and safe in treating CHD-AP-XBSS.

  1. Richtlinien zur Diagnostik und Therapie der instabilen Angina pectoris und des Non-Q-Wave-Myokardinfarktes: vorgeschlagene Revisionen

    OpenAIRE

    Huber K; Gaul G; Glogar HD; Kaliman J; Mlczoch J

    2000-01-01

    Die letzten Praxis-Empfehlungen der United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research zum Thema "Diagnose und Behandlung der instabilen Angina Pectoris (IAP)" stammen aus dem Jahre 1994 und wurden trotz der rasanten Fortschritte auf diesem Gebiet in den vergangenen 5 Jahren nicht erneuert. Das International Cardiology Forum (ICF) hat Ende 1998 die existierenden Richtlinien diskutiert und Vorschläge gemacht, in welchen Bereichen die Diagnostik und die Therapie der IAP aufgrund der mittl...

  2. A Meta analysis for the relation of heart rate and postinfarction angina pectoris in Chinese population%心率影响梗死后心绞痛发生率的国内Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婧; 陈汉想; 李伟

    2014-01-01

    By Meta analysis ,we determined the influence of heart rate on postinfarction angina pectoris incidence in Chinese population with acute myocardial infarction .A comprehensive collection of an epidemiological study pub-lished domestically on the relationship between resting heart rate and postinfarction angina pectoris in AMI patients , was carried out , for making the Meta analysis by using RevMan software with fixed effects model and random effects model.We calculated the relative risk (RR) of postinfarction angina pectoris risk of AMI patients in slow heart rate group relative to quick heart rate group ,and evaluated the influence of heart rate level with AMI on occurrence of postinfarction angina pectoris , and analyzed the publication bias by funnel plot .The 7 articles were included .The total sample size was 1888 cases.There were 1030 cases in the heart rate slow group ,and postinfarction angina pec-toris appeared in 128 cases.The heart rate quick group was 858 cases, 247 cases combined with postinfarction angi-na pectoris;RR=0 .46 ,95%confidence interval was ( 0 .38-0 .55 ) .Funnel plot analysis showed no presence of publication bias .There is a correlation between heart rate level and postinfarction angina pectoris occurrence in AMI patients .Postinfarction angina pectoris is increased in heart rate quick patients .Slowing down the heart rate may re-duce the risk of postinfarction angina pectoris .%采用Meta分析( Meta analysis )的方法确定我国人群心率对急性心肌梗死( Acute myo-cardia infarction ,AMI)患者梗死后心绞痛发生的影响。全面收集国内发表的有关AMI患者静息心率与梗死后心绞痛关系的文献,对符合条件的所有研究结果利用RevMan软件进行固定效应模型的Meta分析。计算AMI患者心率慢组相对心率快组发生梗死后心绞痛的危险( rel-ative risk,RR),评价心率快慢对AMI患者梗死后心绞痛发生的影响,并用漏斗图分析发表性

  3. 异舒吉治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床疗效观察%Observation on Clinical Efficacy of Isoket Treating Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭国顺; 林晓红

    2003-01-01

    Objective To compare the efficacy of intravenous Isoket with Nitroglycerine in patients with unstable angina pectoris.Methods 70 patients were enrolled and split into treatment group(Isoket group)and control group (Nitroglycerine group) randomly and double-blindedly.There were 36 cases in treatment group who were treated with intravenous Isoket 20~30mg per day for 10 consecutive days;whereas 34 cases in control group who were treated with intravenous Nitroglycerine 10~20mg per day for 10 days.Results 18 cases were significantly effective and 14 patients were effective with total effective rate 88.9% in treatment group compared with 8 cases,11 cases and 55.7% in control group respectively.The treatment group is significantly better than the control group.Conclusion It is effective and safe to treat the patients with unstable angina pectoris with intravenous Isoket.

  4. Reduced peripheral vascular reactivity in refractory angina pectoris: Effect of enhanced external counterpulsation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susanne M Bondesson; Marie-Louise Edvinsson; Thomas Pettersson; Lars Edvinsson

    2011-01-01

    Objective To examine if the skin microvascular bed is altered and can be modified by enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) in patients with chronic refractory angina.Methods Twenty patients diagnosed with refractory angina were divided into EECP (n =10) or no EECP (n =10) groups.The data were compared to matched healthy subjects (n =20).The cutaneous forearm microvascular blood flow was measured by Laser-Doppler flowmetry.The vascular responsiveness to iontophoretic administration of acetylcholine (ACh),sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and local skin warming were studied.Measurements of Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS)-class,blood pressure and plasma samples were registered.Results EECP patients showed reduced CCS-class compared to no EECP (P < 0.05).Both EECP and no EECP (P < 0.05) groups had decreased systolic blood pressure (SBP) as compared to SBP at baseline (P < 0.05).There was no difference in resting blood flow between the two refractory groups at baseline as well as after EECP and seven weeks of follow-up.Responses to heating,the responses to ACh and SNP in the cutaneous microcirculation were lower in both groups of refractory angina patients as compared to healthy subjects (P < 0.05).EECP patients corresponded positively to the treatment shown by reduced plasma level of soluble interleukin-2 receptor and CCS-class.Conclusions Refractory angina patients have reduced responsiveness in their cutaneous microcirculation to ACh,SNP and heat compared to healthy subjects.Although EECP reduced the CCS-class,this effect was not associated with improvements in responsiveness of the cutaneous microcirculation.

  5. Influence factors of success rate of serum LDL-C in patients with unstability angina pectoris taking atorvastatin%服用阿托伐他汀的不稳定型心绞痛患者血清LDL-C达标率的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于薇; 孟存良; 容春莉; 曹东平; 吕军娥; 彭应心

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析使用阿托伐他汀的不稳定型心绞痛患者低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)达标率的临床影响因素.方法 选择血清LDL-C水平未达标的不稳定型心绞痛患者146例,阿托伐他汀20 mg口服,1次/d,疗程8周.分析年龄、性别、体质量指数(BMI)、膳食控制、糖基化血红蛋白A1c(HbA1c)等因素对服用阿托伐他汀后LDL-C达标率的影响.结果服用阿托伐他汀8周后,LDL-C总达标率为49.3%;经逐步多元Logistic回归分析,年龄与LDL-C达标率无显著相关性;BMI正常组、超体质量组和肥胖组的组间比较,LDL-C达标率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);膳食控制组较无膳食控制组患者LDL-C达标率高;血糖控制良好的患者LDL-C达标率高.结论 膳食及血糖控制水平为服用阿托伐他汀的不稳定型心绞痛患者LDL-C达标率的独立影响因素.%Objective To analyze the clinical influence factors of success rate of serum low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C) in patients with unstability angina pectoris taking aorvastatin. Methods 146 patients with unstability angina pectoris and unsuccessful level of serum LDL-C were collected. 20 mg atorvastatin were taken orally once a day with treatment course of 8 weeks.Effects of clinical factors such as age, gender, body mass index(BMI), diet control and glycosylated hemoglobin Alc (HbAlc) on success rate of serum LDL-C after aorvastatin administration were analyzed. Results The overall success rate of serum LDL-C was 49.3 % after 8 weeks of aorvastatin administration;Age had no significant correlation with the success rate of LDL-C according to stepwise multivariate Logistic regression analysis;Comparison of the success rates of LDL-C among BMI normal group,overweight group and obesity group,there were no statistically significant(P>0.05) ;Success rates of LDL-C of patients in diet control group were higher than that in non-diet control group;Patients with well-controlled blood glucose showed

  6. Unstable angina pectoris prognosis clinical analysis%不稳定性心绞痛预后临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵晓梅; 宁渝

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨不稳定性心绞痛患者远期预后的影响因素.方法 采用回顾性分析总结我院2001-2007年间92例不稳定性心绞痛患者的临床资料,依据患者静息心电图,连续24 h动态心电图,超声心动图及冠状动脉造影检查结果及患者的年龄、性别、吸烟、饮酒与否、室性心律失常的发生、危险度分层对远期预后的影响关系进行分析.结果 左室射血分数(LVEF)低于45%的患者较高于45%的患者病死率高(P0.05),入院时心率大于90次/min的患者较心率小于90次/min的患者病死率高(P<0.05),发生复杂型室性期前收缩患者病死率较无复杂型室性期前收缩患者病死率有明显意义(P<0.01),高危组患者死亡率较低危组患者死亡率明显增加(P<0.05).结论 左心室功能,冠状动脉病变部位和范围、年龄、性别、吸烟、复杂型心律失常、危险度分层均是影响不稳定性心绞痛的远期预后因素.%Objective Discussion influence unstable angina pectoris patients forward prognosis factor.Methods Uses the review analysis to summarize my courtyard during for 2001-2007 year 92 example unstable angina pectoris patients' clinical material,ceases activity the electrocardiogram based on the patients,the con-tinual 24 hours dynamic electrocardiograms,the eehoeardiogram and the coronary artery radiography inspection result and patients' age, the sex, smoking, drink wine or not, the room arrythmia occurrence, the risk factor lami-nation carry on the analysis to the forward prognosis influence relations. Results The left room shoots the men-struation number(LVEF) , Being lower than 45% the patient to compare higher than 45% The patient case fatali-ty rate is high(P<0.01) ,the left coronary artery branch pathological change patient case fatality rate far is big-ger than the patient who left front falls a pathological change (P<0.01) , the age 60 year old of above patient compares 60 year old of following patient case

  7. Improving diagnosis and treatment of women with angina pectoris and microvascular disease: 

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prescott, Eva; Abildstrøm, Steen Zabell; Aziz, Ahmed;

    2014-01-01

    , advanced echocardiographic modalities at rest and during stress, and invasive measures of CFR and coronary vascular reactivity. The study will include 2000 women who will be followed for 5 years for cardiovascular outcomes. RESULTS: By May 2013, 1685 women have been screened, 759 eligible patients......BACKGROUND: The iPOWER study aims at determining whether routine assessment of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) in women with angina and no obstructive coronary artery disease is feasible and identifies women at risk. METHODS: All women with angina referred to invasive angiographic...... assessment in Eastern Denmark are invited to join the study according to in- and exclusion criteria. Assessment includes demographic, clinical and psychosocial data, symptoms, electrocardiogram, blood- and urine samples and transthoracic echocardiography during rest and dipyridamol stress with measurement...

  8. Correlation of angina pectoris and perfusion decrease by collateral circulation in single-vessel coronary chronic total occlusion using myocardial perfusion single-photon emssion computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Sang Geon; Park, Ki Seong; Kang, Sae Ryung [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); and others

    2016-03-15

    To evaluate the perfusion decrease in donor myocardium by collateral circulation and its correlation with angina pectoris in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) using myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (MPS). Thirty-six patients with single-vessel CTO without any other stenosis were included. All patients underwent MPS and coronary angiography (CAG) within 2 months. Total 72 donor arteries were evaluated for the grades of collaterals to the CTO artery using the Rentrop grading system on CAG. Perfusion defects and perfusion scores in donor and CTO territories were analyzed on MPS. Myocardial perfusion of donor and CTO territories were evaluated according to the presence of angina pectoris and the grades of collateral circulation. When the CTO territory was ischemic, symptomatic patients showed higher summed difference scores in the CTO territory compared to asymptomatic patients (3.5 ± 2.4 vs. 1.5 ± 0.8 for symptomatic and asymptomatic groups respectively; p = 0.034). However, when the CTO territory was nonischemic, symptomatic patients showed higher summed stress scores (SSS, 4.3 ± 2.9 vs. 1.6 ± 1.2; p = 0.032) and summed rest scores (SRS, 4.2 ± 2.5 vs. 1.5 ± 1.1; p = 0.003) in the donor territories. On the per-vessel analysis, perfusion defects in donor territories were more frequent (0 % vs. 53 % vs. 86 % for Rentrop 0, Rentrop 1–2 and Rentrop 3, respectively; p < 0.001) and showed higher SSS (0.0 ± 0.0, 1.3 ± 1.6 and 2.1 ± 1.1 for Rentrop 0, Rentrop 1–2 and Rentrop 3, respectively; p = 0.001) and SRS (0.0 ± 0.0, 1.0 ± 1.4 and 1.7 ± 1.2; p = 0.003) at higher Rentrop grades, but their patterns were variable. Angina pectoris was related to either ischemia of the myocardium beyond CTO or a perfusion decrease in the donor myocardium. The perfusion decrease in donor myocardium positively correlated with the collateral grades.

  9. CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SAFETY OF IVABRADINE USE IN PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA AND DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2

    OpenAIRE

    A. I. Kondratiev

    2014-01-01

    Aim – to estimate the clinical and pharmacological effects of ivabradine in complex treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome anddiabetes mellitus type 2 (DM 2).Materials and methods. The study included 36 patients with acute coronary insufficiency (unstable angina) and acute left ventricular failure(Killip class I–III) during concomitant type 2 diabetes.Results. Prescribing ivabradine in treatment of unstable angina pectoris complicated by type 2 diabetes led to decrease in clinical...

  10. Comparison of nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and atenolol on antianginal efficacies and exercise hemodynamic responses in stable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, W A; Wellington, K L; Chess, M A; Liang, C S

    1994-01-01

    A gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) of nifedipine has been developed to provide a once-daily dosing, and predictable, relatively constant plasma concentrations. This study compared the antianginal efficacy of nifedipine GITS with a once-a-day beta-receptor blocker, atenolol. Seventeen patients with documented coronary artery disease and stable stress-induced angina pectoris were studied during a 2-week, single-blind, placebo baseline phase and a 12-week randomized, double-blind, active drug crossover efficacy phase, using the bicycle exercise test and ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings. Patients exercised significantly longer with nifedipine GITS (883 +/- 47 seconds) and atenolol (908 +/- 44 seconds) than with placebo (794 +/- 41 seconds). Nifedipine GITS reduced systolic blood pressure at all stages of exercise compared with placebo but, because heart rate tended to increase more during nifedipine therapy, there was no difference in rate-pressure products between the placebo and nifedipine GITS periods. In contrast, atenolol reduced heart rate, systolic blood pressure and rate-pressure product during exercise compared with placebo. Whereas left ventricular ejection fractions (by radionuclide angiocardiography) increased with exercise, the maximal increase was smaller with atenolol than with placebo and nifedipine. The net increase in left ventricular ejection fraction at the end of exercise was greater with nifedipine than with placebo or atenolol. Ambulatory electrocardiograms showed only a small number of ischemic events. Neither nifedipine GITS nor atenolol reduced the number of ischemic events or total duration of ST-segment deviations significantly. It is concluded that nifedipine GITS is as effective an antianginal agent as atenolol, but the hemodynamic effects of the 2 agents differ.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8279372

  11. Multiple Coronary–Cameral Fistulae in the Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Causing Angina Pectoris: A Clinical Case and the State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musuraca G

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available CLINICAL CASE A 82-year-old man with hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and glucidic intolerance, presented with angina pectoris upon exertion. The vital signs were normal. Echocardiography showed normal left ventricular (LV ejection fraction, non-critical aortic valvular stenosis and LV diastolic dysfunction. Rest and stress myocardial echocardiography showed a reversible abnormal septal-wall motion. Therefore, an initial diagnosis of possible coronary artery disease was made. Coronary arteriography showed no atherosclerotic lesions in the 3 major coronary arteries; however, in the anterior descending artery a communication with the right ventricle (RV cavity through ve small, di use stulae was detected (Figure 1 and 2, resulting in complete RV contrast opaci cation. The patient was stabilised on medical therapy because he refused any further invasive therapy.

  12. Spinal cord stimulation for refractory angina in patients implanted with cardioverter defibrillators: five case reports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Thomas P; Andersen, Claus; Scherer, Christian

    2010-01-01

    Patients implanted with a cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) who are suffering from refractory angina pectoris could benefit from spinal cord stimulation (SCS) due to the well-documented pain relieving effect. However, the combined treatment remains controversial. The aim of the study is to report...... tolerable level of stimulation was carried out to exclude inference with the ICD. The following treatment with SCS has in all cases been successful, with significant pain relief and improved quality of life. There were no incidences of inappropriate defibrillator shocks. Spinal cord stimulation...... successful long-term treatment with SCS in five patients implanted with cardioverter defibrillators. The combined treatments with ICD and thoracic epidural electrical stimulation were used in five patients with refractory angina pectoris. During the procedure of the implantation, testing with the maximal...

  13. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics relationships for Salvianolic Acid B micro-porous osmotic pump pellets in angina pectoris rabbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Ling Kan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The work aims to investigate the in vitro release, pharmacokinetics (PK, pharmacodynamics (PD and PK–PD relationships of Salvianolic Acid B micro-porous osmotic pump pellets (SalB-MPOPs in angina pectoris New Zealand White (NZW rabbits, compared with those of SalB immediate-release pellets (SalB-IRPs. The SalB plasma concentrations and Superoxide dismutase levels (PD index were recorded continuously at predetermined time interval after administration, and the related parameters were calculated by using WinNonlin software. The release profile of MPOPs was more sustained than that of IRPs. PK results indicated that the mean Cmax was significantly lower, the SalB plasma concentrations were steadier, both area under concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0–24 h and from 0 to infinity (AUC0–∞ were presented larger, and both the peak concentration time (Tmax and mean residence time (MRT were prolonged for MPOPs, as compared with those of IRPs. PD results suggested that peak drug effect (Emax was lower and the equilibration rate constant (ke0 between the central compartment and the effect compartment was higher of MPOPs vs. those of IRPs. PK–PD relationships demonstrated that the effect-concentration-time (ECT course of MPOPs was clockwise hysteresis loop, and that of IRPs was counter-clockwise hysteresis loop. Collectively, those results demonstrated that MPOPs were potential formulations in treating angina pectoris induced by atherosclerosis.

  14. 催眠针法治疗心绞痛的疗效及血浆ET、NO改变的研究%A Study on Hypnotic Acupuncture Therapy for Angina Pectoris and Its Effects on Plasma ET and NO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李献; 郑强荪; 宋胜云; 高军军; 尼珍; 袁秀兰; 张录兴

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the treatment effects of hypnotic acupuncture therapy on angina pectoris. Methods: 40 cases of angina pectoris treated by hypnotic acupuncture therapy were compared with 31 cases of angina pectoris treated by pure acupuncture. Results: Symptom relief rate and change of ECG were found to be more desirable in the Hypnotic acupuncture therapy group than in the pure acupuncture group (P<0.01,P<0.05). Pre-post treatment comparisons on levels of anxiety, depression, ET and NO also showed that hypnotic acupuncture therapy was superior to the pure acupuncture group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The present study provides strong support for hypnotic acupuncture therapy for angina pectoris, in terms of its treatment effects on both mental and physical improvement.

  15. 冠心病心绞痛合并糖尿病患者病变冠脉参照节段血管血管内超声的特点%Intravascular ultrasound characteristics of reference segmental vessels for coronary artery with lesion in coronary artery disease patients with angina pectoris complicated diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁建成; 曹晶茗; 万镇; 欧昌元; 刘锐

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate size and form of atherosclerosis lesion in reference segments vessels (they were "normal" by angiography) for coronary artery with lesion in coronary artery disease patients with angina pectoris complicated diabetes mellitus (DM) using intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS) and its relationship with clinic. Methods; According to complicated with DM or not, a total of 82 patients with angina pectoris were selected and divided into DM group (n = 32) and non-DM group (n = 50). IVUS was used to examine reference segments vessels in two groups. Results: Atherosclerosis existed in all 84 reference segmental vessels of 82 cases was measured by IVUS. Compared with non-DM group, there were significant decrease in flow area of reference segments vessel [ (8. 03 ± 1. 86) mm2 vs. (7. 79 ± 1. 27) mm2], and significant increase in external elastic membrane area [ (14. 09 ± 3. 86) mm2 vs. (15. 29 ± 2. 51) mm2], plaque burden [ (41. 9 ±8. 58)% vs. (48. 69 ± 6. 86)%], eccentricity index [ (3. 76 ± 2. 49) vs. (8. 13 ± 6. 77)] and lesion length [ (6. 66 ± 4. 73) mm vs. (10. 58 ± 5. 74) mm] of reference segments in DM group, P<0. 01 all. Linear correlation analysis indicated that plaque burden of reference segment vessel was positively correlated with plaque burden of target lesion (r = 0. 880, P<0. 001). Conclusion: Atherosclerosis also exists in "normal" reference segment vessel by angiography and it's more diffuse in diabetic patients.%目的:应用血管内超声成像(IVUS)评估冠心病心绞痛合并糖尿病患者冠脉造影示“正常”的病变冠脉参照节段的动脉粥样硬化病变大小,形态以及其与临床的相关性.方法:入选确诊心绞痛的患者82例,按是否合并DM分为:DM组(32例)和非DM组(50例).应用IVUS对两组的84支参照节段血管进行检查.结果:所有82例84支血管参照节段血管内超声检测均存在动脉粥样硬化病变.与非DM组比较,DM组参照节段血

  16. Influence of Nursing Intervention on Incidence of Angina Pectoris of Coronary Heart Disease%护理干预对冠心病心绞痛发生率的影响探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁琳

    2016-01-01

    目的:探究护理干预对冠心病心绞痛发生率的影响。方法选择2015年1月~2016年1月来我院就诊的冠心病心绞痛患者152例为研究对象,将其分成两组,对照组行常规优质护理,以此为基础观察组患者行个性化护理,治疗后,观察两组患者的治疗期间心绞痛发生次数和住院时长。结果和对照组相比,观察组患者在心绞痛发生次数和住院时长方面结果较好,组间数据差异有统计学意义,P <0.05。结论对于冠心病心绞痛患者,使用个性化护理干预,能够在极大程度上降低患者心绞痛发生次数和住院时长,降低医疗成本。%Objective To explore the influence of nursing intervention on the incidence of coronary heart disease angina pectoris. Methods 152 cases of patients with coronary heart disease angina were chosen as the research object from January 2015 to January 2016 in our hospital, it is divided into two groups, control group routine quality care, observation group of patients based on personalized care, after the treatment, observe two groups during the treatment of patients with angina frequency and duration in hospital. Results Compared with control group, the observation group of patients hospitalized in angina frequency and duration, significantly better, data statistical differences between groups, P<0.05. Conclusion For the coronary heart disease angina pectoris, the use of personalized nursing intervention, to reduce the number of patients with angina pectoris occurred on the great degree and the hospitalization time, reduce the medical cost.

  17. Three Vessel Coronary Cameral Fistulae Associated with New Onset Atrial Fibrillation and Angina Pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Yuksel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary cameral fistulas are abnormal communications between a coronary artery and a heart chamber or a great vessel which are reported in less than 0.1% of patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography. All three major coronary arteries are even less frequently involved in fistula formation as it is the case in our patient. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to cardiology clinic with complaints of exertional dyspnea and angina for two years and a new onset palpitation. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation (AF with a ventricular rate of 114 beat/minute and accompanying T wave abnormalities and minimal ST-depression on lateral derivations. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination was normal except for diastolic dysfunction, minimally mitral regurgitation, and mild to moderate enlargement of the left atrium. Sinus rhythm was achieved by medical cardioversion with amiodarone infusion. Coronary angiography revealed diffuse and multiple coronary-left ventricle fistulas originating from the distal segments of both left and right coronary arterial systems without any stenosis in epicardial coronary arteries. The patient’s symptoms resolved almost completely with medical therapy. High volume shunts via coronary artery to left ventricular microfistulas may lead to increased volume overload and subsequent increase in end-diastolic pressure of the left ventricle and may cause left atrial enlargement.

  18. Clinical value analysis of 12 lead dynamic electrocardiogram in the diagnosis of variant angina pectoris%变异性心绞痛采用12导联动态心电图同步记录诊断的临床价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical value of 12-lead ambulatory electrocardiogram in the diagnosis of variant angina pectoris.Methods:96 cases of patients with variant angina pectoris treated were diagnosed with conventional electrocardiogram and 12-lead ambulatory electrocardiogram,the duration of angina pectoris attacking and times by the two methods were compared. Results:Variant angina pectoris mainly occurred in wee hours and at night.The detection rate of ST segment elevation,ventricular premature beat,U type inverted,T wave towering,atrioventricular block and abnormal Q wave in patients with variant angina pectoris by 12-lead ambulatory electrocardiogram were higher than that of conventional electrocardiogram(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion:12-lead ambulatory electrocardiogram in the diagnosis of variant angina pectoris had remarkable effect,which could record the attack process of variant angina pectoris perfectly and had big advantage compared with the conventional electrocardiogram.%目的:探讨变异性心绞痛应用12导联动态心电图同步记录诊断的临床价值。方法:收治变异性心绞痛患者96例,所有患者均采用常规心电图和12导联动态心电图诊断,比较两种方法心绞痛的发作时间和次数。结果:变异性心绞痛主要发生在凌晨和夜间。12导联动态心电图对变异性心绞痛患者ST段抬高、室性早搏、U型倒置、T波高耸、房室传导阻滞和异常Q波的检出率均高于常规心电图(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论:12导联动态心电图诊断变异性心绞痛效果显著,能完整地记录出变异性心绞痛的发作过程,与常规心电图相比具有较大优势。

  19. Simvastatin Combined With Low Molecular Heparin in the Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease Angina Pectoris%辛伐他汀联合低分子肝素钠治疗冠心病心绞痛效果探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海男

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of simvastatin combined with low molecular heparin for treatment of coronary heart disease angina pectoris. Methods Using digital random method to divided 156 cases into control group and observation group,78 cases in each group. Control group patients were given anti angina pectoris drugs for regular treatment,observation group patients were given simvastatin combined with low molecular heparin,compared two groups of therapeutic effect. Results In observation group,total effective rate was significantly higher than control group,the difference was statistical y significant(P<0.05). Conclusion Simvastatin combined with low molecular heparin sodium have exact curative effect on coronary heart disease angina pectoris.%目的:研究分析辛伐他汀联合低分子肝素钠治疗冠心病心绞痛的临床效果。方法将156例患者按照数字随机法均分为对照组和观察组,每组各78例。对照组患者给予抗心绞痛药物进行常规治疗,观察组患者在对照组的基础上给予辛伐他汀联合低分子肝素钠进行治疗,比较两组治疗效果。结果观察组治疗总有效率高于对照组的高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论辛伐他汀联合低分子肝素钠治疗冠心病心绞痛疗效更加确切,而且安全性高,有效改善患者的病情,提高生活质量。

  20. [Constant-frequency trans-esophageal electric atrial stimulation for evaluation of the severity of illness in patients with stenocardia and the anti-angina effect of erinit].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasilin, V S; Sidorenko, B A; Lazarev, I A; Smirnov, M Iu

    1990-12-01

    Constant-frequency transesophageal atrial pacing was used in 87 patients with coronary heart disease concurrent with stable angina pectoris of various functional classes (I-IV). This technique, as a bicycle ergometric test, allows one to assess the functional class of patients with angina and to ascertain the antianginal effect of agents, which was exemplified by erinit given in doses of 80 and 120 mg.

  1. Plasma resistin is increased in patients with unstable angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Wen-lan; QIAO Shu-bin; HOU Qing; YUAN Jian-song

    2007-01-01

    Background Resistin, a novel adipokine linked to insulin resistance and obesity in rodents, which is derived mainly from macrophages and identified in atheromas in human, has been shown to play a potential role in atherosclerosis.Resistin levels were reported to increase in coronary artery disease (CAD), while data concerning resistin in different stages of CAD in Chinese people are lacking. The aim of this study was to assess whether plasma concentrations of resistin differed between patients with unstable and stable angina pectoris.Methods Plasma resistin levels were determined by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 46 patients with unstable angina (UAP), 37 with stable angina (SAP) and 31 control subjects.Results Plasma concentrations of resistin were significantly increased in UAP group (geometric mean (interquartile range) 12.09 ng/ml (8.40, 18.08)) in comparison with SAP (9.04 ng/ml (7.09, 11.44)) and control groups (8.71 ng/ml (6.58,11.56)). No differences in resistin levels were found between patients with SAP and controls. We also found that plasma resistin positively correlated with leukocyte counts (r=0.21, P=0.027), high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (r=0.25,P=0.008), and endothelin-1 (r=0.21, P=0.025) after adjustment for age, sex and BMI.Conclusion Resistin may be involved in the development of CAD by influencing systemic inflammation and endothelial activation.

  2. 逐瘀还五解毒颗粒治疗冠心病心绞痛临床研究%Clinical Research of Zhuyu Huanwu Jiedu Granule in Treating Coronary Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凯文; 史佃磊; 王凤红; 唐海莲

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of Zhuyu Huanwu Jiedu granule on coronary angina pectoris on clinical symptoms and e-lectrocardiogram changes and evaluate the clinical effects of zhuyu huanwu jiedu granule in treating coronary angina pectoris. Methods: 94 cases of coronary angina pectoris were randomly divided into two groups. The control group was treated by basic western medicine. The treatment group was orally given Zhuyu Huanwu Jiedu granule (composition:peach kernel 12 g,safflower 9 g, Angelica 9 g,dried rehmannia root 9 g,hemlock parsley 4. 5 g.red peony root 6 g, Achyranthes bidentata 9 g.Platycodon grandiflorum 4. 5 g,Chinese thoro-wax 3 g,fructus 6 g,licorice root 6 g,Astragalus membranaceus 18 g,Earthworm 9 g,honeysuckle 12 g,dandelionl2 g) based on the control group. 2 weeks were one treatment course for both groups. Results: Patients' clinical symptoms and the improvement of electrocardiogram in the treatment group were obviously superior to the control group. Conclusion: Zhuyu Huanwu Jiedu granule has a satisfactory therapeutic effect in treating coronary angina pectoris.%目的:探讨逐瘀还五解毒颗粒对冠心痛心绞痛的症状及心电图变化的影响,评估逐瘀还五解毒颗粒治疗冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效.方法:将94例冠心病心绞痛患者随机分为两组,对照组给予基础西药治疗,治疗组在对照组治疗基础上加用逐瘀还五解毒颗粒(方药组成:桃仁12 g,红花9 g,当归9 g,生地黄9 g,川芎4.5g,赤芍6 g,牛膝9 g,桔梗4.5g,柴胡3 g,枳壳6 g,甘草6 g,黄芪18 g,地龙9 g,金银花12 g,蒲公英12 g)治疗,2周为1个疗程.结果:治疗组患者的症状及心电图的改善明显优于对照组.结论:逐瘀还五解毒颗粒治疗冠心病心绞痛疗效满意.

  3. Are negative aspects of social relations predictive of angina pectoris? A 6-year follow-up study of middle-aged Danish women and men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Rikke; Rod, Naja Hulvej; Christensen, Ulla

    2011-01-01

    OR=2.19 (1.04 to 4.61), other family OR=1.91 (1.24 to 2.96). Except for frequent conflicts with the partner and neighbours, conflicts with the social relations was not a risk factor for angina. The authors found no interaction of negative aspects of social relations with gender, age, social class...... associated with angina pectoris among 4573 middle-aged Danish men and women free of heart disease at baseline in 2000. Results Nine per cent experienced onset of symptoms of angina pectoris. A higher degree of excessive demands or worries from the social relations was associated with increased risk of angina...... after adjustment for age, gender, social class, cohabitation status and depression in a dose-response manner. For example, experiencing excessive demands or worries always/often from different roles in the social relations was associated with an increased risk: partner OR=3.53 (1.68 to 7.43), children...

  4. Predictors of coronary intervention-related myocardial infarction in stable angina patients pre-treated with statins

    OpenAIRE

    Veselka, Josef; Hájek, Petr; Malý, Martin; Zemánek, David; Adlová, Radka; Tomašov, Pavol; Martinkovičová, Lucie; Tesař, David; Červinka, Pavel

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Peri-procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) is a frequent and prognostically important complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study was designed to determine the predictors of PMI in patients pre-treated with statins. Material and methods A total of 418 stable angina pectoris patients taking statins and aspirin were included. All the patients underwent PCI. Serum concentrations of creatine kinase (CK-MB mass) and troponin I (TnI) were measured prior to and...

  5. Richtlinien zur Diagnostik und Therapie der instabilen Angina pectoris und des Non-Q-Wave-Myokardinfarktes: vorgeschlagene Revisionen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huber K

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Die letzten Praxis-Empfehlungen der United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research zum Thema "Diagnose und Behandlung der instabilen Angina Pectoris (IAP" stammen aus dem Jahre 1994 und wurden trotz der rasanten Fortschritte auf diesem Gebiet in den vergangenen 5 Jahren nicht erneuert. Das International Cardiology Forum (ICF hat Ende 1998 die existierenden Richtlinien diskutiert und Vorschläge gemacht, in welchen Bereichen die Diagnostik und die Therapie der IAP aufgrund der mittlerweile vorliegenden Daten modifiziert werden sollten. Es wurde übereinstimmend beschlossen, daß folgende Änderungen empfohlen werden: 1. Troponin T und Troponin I sollten die Palette der Myokardmarker im Serum für diagnostische und prognostische Zwecke erweitern; 2. niedermolekulere Heparine sollten Standard-Heparin als Antikoagulantium ersetzen; 3. neue thrombozyten-inhibierende Substanzen sollten zusätzlich zu Aspirin zur Anwendung kommen; 4. die Verwendung von cholesterinsenkenden Medikamenten in der Langzeitbehandlung dieser Patienten ist sinnvoll. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurden die Hintergründe für die vorgerschlagenen Revisionen diskutiert, und es wird auf rezente wissenschaftliche Publikationen Bezug genommen.

  6. 稳定性心绞痛患者发生急性冠状动脉综合症前后血浆炎性因子水平的变化及意义%The changes of plasma IL-18 and IL-10 in stable angina pectoris patients before and after occurrence of acute coronary syndromes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巧汶; 李志樑; 邱健; 阮云军; 顾晓龙

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the changes of plasma IL-18 and IL-10 in stable angina pectoris(SAP) patients before and after occurrence of acute coronary syndrome(ACS), probe the role of inflammation in developing ACS and provide new ideas for prevention of ACS.Methods The plasma IL-18, IL-10 of 211 SAP patients were measured.The patients were divided into 2 groups: developing ACS group(38 patients) and no ACS group(173 patients) according to the results of the 24 months' follow-up.Results Plasma IL-18 level and IL-18/IL-10 ratio in ACS group were higher than those in no ACS group (P < 0.01),plasma IL-10 level in the ACS group was lower' than that in no ACS group (P < 0.01).In ACS group,plasma IL-18 level and IL-18/IL-10 ratio were higher after developing ACS than before (P < 0.05), on the contrary, plasma IL-10 level was lower after developing ACS than before (P < 0.05).Conclusions The plasma IL-18 and IL-10 levels in the SAP patients are closely related to the development of ACS, which suggests that inflammation plays an important role in developing ACS, and anti-inflammatory treatment might be a new means for preventing ACS.%目的 观察稳定性心绞痛患者发生急性冠状动脉综合症(ACS)前后血浆白细胞介素(IL)-18、IL-10水平的变化,探讨炎症在ACS发生中的作用及防治的新途径.方法 检测211例稳定性心绞痛患者IL-18、IL-10水平变化,随访24个月,根据随访结果将患者分为ACS组(38例)及无ACS组(173例),并进行比较.结果 ACS组患者血浆IL-18水平及IL-18/IL-10比值明显高于无ACS组(P<0.01),血浆IL-10水平明显低于无ACS组(P<0.05);ACS组患者发生ACS后血浆IL-18水平及IL-18/IL-10比值明显高于ACS发生前(P<0.01),发生ACS后血浆IL-10水平明显低于ACS发生前(P<0.05).结论 稳定性心绞痛患者血浆IL-18、IL-10水平与ACS的发生密切相关,提示机体炎症在ACS发生中发挥重要作用,抗炎治疗可能是防治ACS的途径之一.

  7. 超声斑点追踪二维纵向应变评价心绞痛患者冠状动脉介入治疗术前后左心室心肌收缩功能%Assessment of left ventricular myocardial function before and after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with angina pectoris using two-dimensional longitudinal strain echocardiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬梅; 夏稻子; 张宇虹; 礼广森; 崔洪岩

    2011-01-01

    目的 应用超声二维纵向应变探讨心绞痛患者冠状动脉介入治疗术(PCI)前后左心室心肌收缩功能改变情况.方法 32例心绞痛(左前降支病变)患者和30例正常人(对照组),分别记录PCI术前、术后3个月和正常人心尖四腔切面,二腔切面,左心室长轴高帧频图像,应用二维应变软件测量各个节段的收缩期峰值纵向应变值.结果 PCI术前患者(术前组)与对照组比较,心肌节段的纵向应变值减低(P<0.05),且与冠状动脉造影左前降支病变分布范围相一致;与PCI术前相比,术后3个月患者(术后组)相应节段心肌收缩期纵向应变值较前改善(P<0.05),且部分节段与对照组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 超声斑点追踪二维纵向应变不但能定位诊断节段性室壁运动异常,而且能够定量地评价心绞痛患者PCI术后左心室心肌收缩功能改善情况.%Objective To explore the characteristics of two-dimensional strain of left ventricular myocardial function before and after percutaneous coronary intervention( PCI) in the patients with angina pectoris ( AP ) by speckle tracking echocardiography. Methods A total of 32 patients with AP and 30 healthy volunteers were involved. High frame rate two-dimensional images were recorded from the apical four-chamber view, two-chamber view and long-axis view of the left ventricle, respectively. The peak systolic longitudinal strain was measured in all of these views using two-dimensional strain software. Results Compared to the control group, the left ventricular peak systolic longitudinal strain values in part of segments were lower in patients with AP before and after PCI ( P < 0.05 ). Left ventricular peak systolic longitudinal strain values in part of segments were significantly improved at 3 month after PCI compared to those patients before PCI ( P<0. 05 ). Conclusions Two-dimensional strain echocardiography can be used to precisely quantify regional

  8. 不稳定性心绞痛患者心理社会因素与血小板聚集功能关系的研究%Relationship between Psychosocial Factors end Platelet Aggregation Function inPatients with Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏大胜; 刘书坤; 高陆; 曹燕然; 菅练

    2001-01-01

    目的:探讨不稳定性心绞痛(UAP)患者心理社会因素与血小板聚集功能的关系。方法:采用6个心理量表对46例UAP患者和46例健康人进行评定,并测定ADP诱导的血小板聚集率。结果:UAP组负性生活事件刺激量、消极应对、CH、焦虑和抑郁积分及血小板聚集率均高于对照组(均P<0.01),社会支持总分和积极应对分低于对照组(均P<0.01),UAP组A型行为、焦虑及抑郁分别占73.91%、82.6%和71.4%,高于对照组36.96%、34.8%和21.7%(均P<0.01)。UAP患者焦虑、抑郁程度与负性生活事件刺激量、消极应对分、CH分及血小板聚集率正相关(P<0.05或P<0.01),与社会支持总分负相关(均P<0.05),血小板聚集率与负性生活事件刺激量、CH分亦显著正相关(均P<0.01)。结论:UAP患者由于处于心理应激状态,表现焦虑、抑郁情绪障碍,血小板聚集功能增强,对疾病的发展和预后可能产生不利影响。%Objective:To explore the relationship between psychosocial factors and platelet aggregation function in patients withunstable angina pectoris(UAP). Methods:Forty-six UAP patients and 46 healthy subjects were evaluated with 6 psychologi-cal scales,and their adenosine diphosphate(ADP)-induced platelet aggregation function was determined. Results: The scoresof negative life event stimuli,negative coping,CH, anxiety, depression and the rate of platelet aggregation function in UAPgroup were significantly higher than controls, whereas the scores of total social support and positive coping were markedlylower than controls(all P<0.01). The prevalence of type A behavior, anxiety and depression in UAP group(73.91%,82.60% and 71.40% respectively)was higher than controls(36.96% ,34.80% and 21.70%respectively)(all P<0.01).The scores of anxiety or depression in UAP group had a positive correlation with the scores of negative life event stimuli,negative coping

  9. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for angina pectoris after a non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Suryapranata (Harry); K.J. Beatt (Kevin); P.J. de Feyter (Pim); J. Verrostte; M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel); F. Zijlstra (Felix); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    1988-01-01

    textabstractDespite initially favorable prognosis in patients with non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction (AMI), long-term mortality in this subset of patients appears to be similar to or even greater than that in patients with Q-wave AMI. The relatively poor late prognosis is primarily due to a hig

  10. PHARMACOECONOMIC ASPECTS OF NICOTINE ADDICTION TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH ANGINA REQUIRING CARDIAC SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Rudakova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Smoking is a major risk factor in patients with angina pectoris. Interventions that facilitate the rejection of it are an important part of the treatment. Aim. To analyze the cost effectiveness of the partial agonist of nicotinic receptors, varenicline, in patients with angina who require cardiac interventions. Material and methods. The estimation was conducted using a Markov model based on the results of clinical trials and epidemiological studies. The cost of treatment of complications were calculated on the basis of compulsory medical insurance rates for St. Petersburg in 2011. Results. The varenicline therapy in 70-year-old patients before cardiac surgery reduces hospital mortality at an extremely high cost-effectiveness (the cost of preventing one death - 148.8 thousand rubles. The cost/effectiveness ratio in the analysis for the period of survival of patients in this situation was 31.3 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life. Life expectancy will be increased by an average of 0.147 years. Analysis for the period of survival of 50-year-old patients has shown that in patients after cardiac surgery cost-effectiveness of varenicline is extremely high (in the analysis from the perspective of the health care system the cost/effectiveness ratio was 36.0 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life, in the analysis, taking into account the social perspective – 17.9 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life. Increase in the life expectancy of 50 year-old patients will be 0.291 year in average. Conclusion. Varenicline therapy of patients with angina pectoris is the economy before cardiac surgery , and after their execution, and this applies not only young, but older patients. The desirability of varenicline including to federal and regional programs to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is shown.

  11. PHARMACOECONOMIC ASPECTS OF NICOTINE ADDICTION TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH ANGINA REQUIRING CARDIAC SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Rudakova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Smoking is a major risk factor in patients with angina pectoris. Interventions that facilitate the rejection of it are an important part of the treatment. Aim. To analyze the cost effectiveness of the partial agonist of nicotinic receptors, varenicline, in patients with angina who require cardiac interventions. Material and methods. The estimation was conducted using a Markov model based on the results of clinical trials and epidemiological studies. The cost of treatment of complications were calculated on the basis of compulsory medical insurance rates for St. Petersburg in 2011. Results. The varenicline therapy in 70-year-old patients before cardiac surgery reduces hospital mortality at an extremely high cost-effectiveness (the cost of preventing one death - 148.8 thousand rubles. The cost/effectiveness ratio in the analysis for the period of survival of patients in this situation was 31.3 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life. Life expectancy will be increased by an average of 0.147 years. Analysis for the period of survival of 50-year-old patients has shown that in patients after cardiac surgery cost-effectiveness of varenicline is extremely high (in the analysis from the perspective of the health care system the cost/effectiveness ratio was 36.0 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life, in the analysis, taking into account the social perspective – 17.9 thousand rubles for 1 additional year of life. Increase in the life expectancy of 50 year-old patients will be 0.291 year in average. Conclusion. Varenicline therapy of patients with angina pectoris is the economy before cardiac surgery , and after their execution, and this applies not only young, but older patients. The desirability of varenicline including to federal and regional programs to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is shown.

  12. Tissue Doppler echocardiography improves the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis in stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Soren; Jensen, Jan Skov; Iversen, Allan Zeeberg;

    2012-01-01

    suspected SAP, no previous cardiac history, and a normal ejection fraction. All patients were examined by colour TDI, exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), and coronary angiography (CAG). Regional longitudinal systolic (s'), early diastolic (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured...

  13. Observation of the Therapeutic Effect of Ferulic Acid Sodium Treating Unstable Angina Pectoris in 86 Cases%阿魏酸钠治疗不稳定型心绞痛86例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裘健

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察阿魏酸钠治疗不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)的疗效及安全性.方法 164例UAP患者随机分为两组:阿魏酸钠组(治疗组)和丹参组(对照组),观察两组患者的临床症状疗效、心电图改善情况,治疗前后高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)变化及不良反应发生情况.结果 治疗组临床症状及心电图改善情况均显著优于对照组(P<0.05);两组患者治疗前后hs-CRP均无显著变化(P>0.05);两组患者在治疗过程中均未出现明显不良反应.结论 阿魏酸钠治疗UAP疗效明显,安全性佳,值得临床推广应用.%Objective To observe the clinical effect and safety of ferulic acid sodium for patients with unstable angina pectoris( UAP ). Methods 164 UAP patients were randomly divided into ferulic acid sodi-um group( treatment group )and the salvia miltiorrhiza group( control group ). Clinical symptoms, electrocardi-ogram,high sensitive C-reactive protein( hs-CRP)and adverse effect were observed. Results Clinical symp-toms and electrocardiogram,amelioration in treatment group were better than control group( P 0.05 ); there was no obvious adverse effects during the treatment course in bothgroups. Conclusion Ferulic acid sodium is an efficient and safe therapeutic tool for unstable angina pectoris, worthy of clinical applica-tion.

  14. Effectiveness analysis of carthamin yellow for injection treating coronary heart disease and angina pectoris%注射用红花黄色素治疗冠心病心绞痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于泳; 徐清华; 王冰

    2010-01-01

    目的 观察注射用红花黄色素与川芎嗪注射液治疗冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效比较.方法 180例患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各90例,治疗组静脉滴注红花黄色素,对照组静脉滴注川芎嗪,2周后观察其临床疗效,心电图以及一般体检项目.结果 治疗组心绞痛,心电图的总有效率分别为91%,54%.对照组心绞痛,心电图的总有效率分别为90%,44%.结论 注射用红花黄色素在改善冠心病心绞痛病情上与川芎嗪疗效类似.%Objective To compare the effectiveness of carthamin yellow and Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride Injection in treating coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Methods A total of 180 patients were enrolled in the study, 90 subjects were given carthamin yellow and the other half were given Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride.Observing the effectiveness, cardiograph and test item. Results Effective rate of cardiograph were 91% and 54% in treatment group, 90% and 44% in control group. Conclusions The effectiveness of carthamin yellow for injection treating coronary heart disease and angina pectoris were similar to Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride Injection.

  15. Effect of Jiangzhi Tongluo Soft Gelatin Capsule Combined with Western Medication on Adiponectin and Malondialdehyde in Angina Pectoris Patients%降脂通络软胶囊联合西药对冠心病心绞痛患者血清脂联素及丙二醛的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱军; 庞花艳; 周珊珊; 王琳琳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of Jiangzhi Tongluo Soft Gelatin Capsule (soft gelatin capsule for lowering lipid and freeing the network vessels) on angina pectoris. Methods Ninety-eight cases of angina pectoris were randomized into the observation group of 50 cases, and control group of 48 cases. Both groups were given the conventional therapy including antithrombotic therapy, stabling plague, calcium antagonists, β-receptor blocker, while Jiangzhi Tongluo Soft Gelatin Capsule and isosorbide mononitrate tablet was added in the observation group and the control group respectively through oral administration. The treatment course lasted for 12 weeks. The angina attack, chest tightness and the dosage of nitroglycerin were recorded daily. The levels of adiponectin (APN) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected before and after the treatment. Results Comparing in group, the angina attack and the dosage of nitroglycerin reduced significantly in both groups after the treatment (P0. 05). After treatment, the level of APN increased and the level of MDA decreased significantly in the observation group, while the increase of APN and the decrease of MDA in the control group was not significant (P>0. 05). The levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were decreased significantly in the observation group after the treatment. There was significant difference in TG and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) between groups after treatment (P<0. 01). The differences between groups in TG and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were statistically significant (P<0. 01). Conclusion Jiangzhi Tongluo Soft Gelatin Capsule is effective for angina as combined with the conventional therapy, which maybe relevant to inhibitting the inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress.%目的 探讨降脂通络软胶囊治疗冠心病心绞痛的疗效及作用机制.方法 将98例冠心病心绞痛患者经过2周

  16. Symptoms of angina pectoris increase the probability of disability pension and premature exit from the workforce even in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Lasse; Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Hvelplund, Anders;

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate probabilities of disability pension (DP) and premature exit from the workforce (PEW) in patients with stable angina symptoms and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) at angiography compared with obstructive CAD and asymptomatic reference individuals.......To evaluate probabilities of disability pension (DP) and premature exit from the workforce (PEW) in patients with stable angina symptoms and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) at angiography compared with obstructive CAD and asymptomatic reference individuals....

  17. A literature review to evaluate the economic value of ranolazine for the symptomatic treatment of chronic angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vellopoulou, Katerina; Kourlaba, Georgia; Maniadakis, Nikos; Vardas, Panagiotis

    2016-05-15

    To conduct a systematic review of the evidence regarding the economic value of ranolazine relative to standard-of-care (SOC) for the treatment of symptomatic chronic stable angina (CSA). Electronic databases were searched using relevant keywords. The identified studies were independently reviewed by two investigators against pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their data were extracted using a relevant form and consequently were synthesized. Studies were also evaluated using the Quality of Health Economic Studies scale. The main outcomes considered were the cost and effectiveness for each comparator and the incremental cost per quality-adjusted-life year (QALY) gained. Six studies were included in the review. Five of these assessed the cost-utility of ranolazine added to SOC, compared to SOC alone, using decision trees or Markov models whereas one was a retrospective cost evaluation study. The analysis was conducted from a payer perspective in five studies and from a societal perspective in one study with the time horizon varying between six months and a year. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), ranged from €4000 to €15,000 per QALY gained. Ranolazine appears to be dominant or cost-effective, mainly due to its ability to decrease angina-related hospitalizations and also due to a marginal improvement in quality of life. The acquisition cost of ranolazine was the variable with the greatest impact upon the ICER. The existing evidence, although limited, indicates that ranolazine may be a dominant or cost-effective therapy option, for the treatment of patients with symptomatic CSA. Further research is required to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ranolazine. PMID:26994453

  18. Clinical analysis of diltiazem hydrochloride combined with nitroglycerin in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris%盐酸地尔硫和硝酸甘油联合治疗不稳定型心绞痛的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳青; 李慧芳; 刘丽凤; 董瓅瑾

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the efficacy of injection of diltiazem hydrochloride combined with nitroglycerin in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. Methods 101 patients with unstable angina pectoris in our hospital were randomly divided into test group (re =51) and control group (re = 50) . The test group was administered with diltiazem hydrochloride in combination with nitroglycerin while the control group was given nitroglycerin alone. After 48 hours, the two groups of patients were observed and compared in terms of anginal attacks, heart rate, Prt, Qrto, 01 interval time, blood pressure, myocardial oxygen consumption index, blood routine, blood biochemical index. JvesultS Ihere was no death, no complications or significant arrhythmias and hemodynamic changes. After treatment, the heart rate and myocardial oxygen consumption index of the test group decreased more significantly ( P < 0. 05 ) than in the control group. PR interval and QT interval of the test group were slightly longer than those of the control group, but without significant difference. Conclusion Injection of diltiazem hydrochloride combined with nitroglycerin in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris patients induces no serious adverse rectons and can effectively relieve angina,significantly reduce myocardial oxygen con- sumption and provide better myocardial protection.%目的 观察注射用盐酸地尔硫和硝酸甘油联合治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床疗效.方法 选择我院住院的101例不稳定型心绞痛患者,随机分为实验组(n=51) 和对照组( n=50),对照组单用硝酸甘油,实验组应用硝酸甘油和盐酸地尔硫联合治疗.观察并比较两组患者用药48 h对心绞痛发作次数、心率、PR间期、QRS时限、QT间期、血压、心肌耗氧指标、血常规、血生化等指标.结果 两组均无并发症,无死亡,并且血流动力学的改变及心律失常的发生率差别均无统计学意义.实验组治疗后心率

  19. Xuesaitong Soft Capsule (Chinese Patent Medicine) for the Treatment of Unstable Angina Pectoris: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaochen Yang; Xingjiang Xiong; Heran Wang; Guoyan Yang; Jie Wang

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To provide a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xuesaitong soft capsule (XST) in treating unstable angina (UA). Methods. An extensive search of 6 medical databases was performed up to August 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving XST alone or combined with conventional drugs versus conventional drugs were included. A meta-analysis of reduction of angina symptoms and electrocardiogram (ECG) improvement was performed to evaluate the effects of ...

  20. CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SAFETY OF IVABRADINE USE IN PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA AND DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Kondratiev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim – to estimate the clinical and pharmacological effects of ivabradine in complex treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome anddiabetes mellitus type 2 (DM 2.Materials and methods. The study included 36 patients with acute coronary insufficiency (unstable angina and acute left ventricular failure(Killip class I–III during concomitant type 2 diabetes.Results. Prescribing ivabradine in treatment of unstable angina pectoris complicated by type 2 diabetes led to decrease in clinical symptoms,heart rate and reduce in number of myocardial ischemia episodes. Patients treated with ivabradine, showed a significant tendency to increase left ventricular ejection fraction (12.3 %. Mo adverse reactions were recorded, including hypotensive complications.Conclusion. Ivabradine therapy was characterized by high ischemic and antianginal efficacy, good tolerability, did not lead to the developmentof tolerance and was not accompanied by the appearance of withdrawal syndrome.

  1. CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SAFETY OF IVABRADINE USE IN PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA AND DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Kondratiev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim – to estimate the clinical and pharmacological effects of ivabradine in complex treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome anddiabetes mellitus type 2 (DM 2.Materials and methods. The study included 36 patients with acute coronary insufficiency (unstable angina and acute left ventricular failure(Killip class I–III during concomitant type 2 diabetes.Results. Prescribing ivabradine in treatment of unstable angina pectoris complicated by type 2 diabetes led to decrease in clinical symptoms,heart rate and reduce in number of myocardial ischemia episodes. Patients treated with ivabradine, showed a significant tendency to increase left ventricular ejection fraction (12.3 %. Mo adverse reactions were recorded, including hypotensive complications.Conclusion. Ivabradine therapy was characterized by high ischemic and antianginal efficacy, good tolerability, did not lead to the developmentof tolerance and was not accompanied by the appearance of withdrawal syndrome.

  2. Clinical Non-inferiority Trial on Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease Angina Pectoris of Xin-blood Stasis Syndrome Type with Lyophilized Salvia Salt of Lithospermic Acid Powder for Injection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of lyophilized Salvia salt of lithospermic acid powder for injection (SSLA) in treating coronary heart diseases angina pectoris (CHD-AP) of Xin-blood positive control. Methods: An non-inferiority clinical layered, segmented, randomized, and blinded trial on three parallel and multiple centered groups was conducted in 480 patients with stable effort angina grade Ⅰ ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ, who had two or more times of attack every week. The 240 patients in test group A were treated with SSLA 200 mg added in 250 ml of 5% glucose solution for intravenous dripping every day; the 120 patients in test group B were treated with SSLA but the dosage doubled; and the 120 patients in the control group were treated with DSI 20 ml daily in the same method as SSLA was given. The clinical effectiveness and safety were evaluated after the patients were treated for 14 days. Results: The results showed that the markedly effective rate in test groups A, B and control group was 37.45 %, 36.75 % and 30.09 % respectively, while the total effective rate in them was 88.09%, 89.74% and 67.26% respectively. Statistical significance was shown in comparisons of the therapeutic effect between control group with test group A and test group B, with that in the two test groups superior to that in the control group, and non-inferiority trial showed eligibility (P<0.01). Adverse reaction appeared in 8 patients in the test groups and 2 in the control group.Conclusion: SSLA has definite therapeutic effect in treating patients with CHD-AP, with its effect not inferior to that of DSl, and no evident toxic-adverse reaction.

  3. Xuesaitong Soft Capsule (Chinese Patent Medicine for the Treatment of Unstable Angina Pectoris: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaochen Yang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To provide a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xuesaitong soft capsule (XST in treating unstable angina (UA. Methods. An extensive search of 6 medical databases was performed up to August 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs involving XST alone or combined with conventional drugs versus conventional drugs were included. A meta-analysis of reduction of angina symptoms and electrocardiogram (ECG improvement was performed to evaluate the effects of XST on UA. Results. After researching, a total of 6 RCTs with 716 participants were included. Our review showed that XST combined with conventional drugs had significant effect on relieving angina symptoms (RR: 1.14 [1.07,1.22]; P=0.0001 and improving ECG (RR: 1.26 [1.12,1.42]; P=0.0001 compared with conventional drugs alone. Conclusions. XST appears to have beneficial effects on improvement of ECG, reduction of angina symptoms, and decreasing the frequency and duration of angina attack in participants with UA. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the poor methodological quality of the included trials.

  4. Xuesaitong soft capsule (chinese patent medicine) for the treatment of unstable angina pectoris: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaochen; Xiong, Xingjiang; Wang, Heran; Yang, Guoyan; Wang, Jie

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To provide a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xuesaitong soft capsule (XST) in treating unstable angina (UA). Methods. An extensive search of 6 medical databases was performed up to August 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving XST alone or combined with conventional drugs versus conventional drugs were included. A meta-analysis of reduction of angina symptoms and electrocardiogram (ECG) improvement was performed to evaluate the effects of XST on UA. Results. After researching, a total of 6 RCTs with 716 participants were included. Our review showed that XST combined with conventional drugs had significant effect on relieving angina symptoms (RR: 1.14 [1.07, 1.22]; P = 0.0001) and improving ECG (RR: 1.26 [1.12, 1.42]; P = 0.0001) compared with conventional drugs alone. Conclusions. XST appears to have beneficial effects on improvement of ECG, reduction of angina symptoms, and decreasing the frequency and duration of angina attack in participants with UA. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the poor methodological quality of the included trials. PMID:24489594

  5. Coronary Microvascular Function and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Women With Angina Pectoris and No Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mygind, Naja Dam; Michelsen, Marie Mide; Pena, Adam;

    2016-01-01

    microvascular dysfunction and the association with symptoms, cardiovascular risk factors, psychosocial factors, and results from diagnostic stress testing. METHODS AND RESULTS: After screening 3568 women, 963 women with angina-like chest pain and a diagnostic coronary angiogram without significant coronary......BACKGROUND: The majority of women with angina-like chest pain have no obstructive coronary artery disease when evaluated with coronary angiography. Coronary microvascular dysfunction is a possible explanation and associated with a poor prognosis. This study evaluated the prevalence of coronary.......01), hypertension (P=0.02), current smoking (Pstress testing...

  6. 冠状动脉造影对非典型心绞痛伴焦虑抑郁情绪者特征的分析%Analysis of anxiety and depression in patients with nontypical angina pectoris by coronary arteriography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION There are dramatic differences in induction factors, nature, locus,duration, relief manner of pain between typical and nontypicalangina pectoris. Causes and pathogenesis of pain are complicated,and may be correlated with anxiety and depression.

  7. 整体护理对冠心病合并心绞痛患者心绞痛发作及预后的影响%Inlfuence of Holistic Nursing on Attack and Prognosis for Coronary Heart Disease With Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董艳飞; 余丽波

    2015-01-01

    Objective Inlfuence of holistic nursing on attack and prognosis for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris.Methods 110 cases of coronary heart disease with angina pectoris were selected in our hospital in 2013 June~2014 year in June were, divided into the observation group and the control group, 55 cases in each group, two patients received holistic nursing care group and routine nursing care. A comparative analysis of the clinical effect of the two groups.Results The two groups of the effective rate of the treatment differences between with statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusion Inlfuence of holistic nursing on attack and prognosis for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris the effect is remarkable.%目的:探讨分析整体护理对冠心病合并心绞痛患者心绞痛发作及预后的影响。方法选取我院2013年6月~2014年6月收治的110例冠心病合并心绞痛患者,将其分成观察组和对照组,每组55例,给予两组患者整体护理和常规护理。对比分析两组临床效果。结果两组治疗有效率差异对比具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对冠心病合并心绞痛患者实施整体护理效果显著,可以改善冠心病患者预后,提高患者治疗依从性,减少心绞痛发作。

  8. Clinical efficacy of Low-molecular-weight Heparin Sodium combined Aspirin in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris%低分子肝素钠联合阿司匹林治疗不稳定型心绞痛疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢平

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察低分子肝素钠联合阿司匹林治疗不稳定型心绞痛(UA)的临床疗效.方法:将67例住院的UA患者随机分为对照组(34例)和治疗组(33例),治疗组使用低分子肝素钠加阿司匹林,对照组单用阿司匹林,疗程为1周,结果:治疗组总有效嘈<为96.96%,对照组为76.47%.两组疗效比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:低分子肝素钠联合阿司匹林治疗UA能明显减少心绞痛的发作,改善临床症状,具有安全有效的特点.%Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Low-molecular-weight Heparin Sodium combined Aspirin in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. Methods: 67 cases of patients with unstable angina pectoris were randomly divided into control group (34 cases) and treatment group (33 cases). The control group was received Aspirin for 1 week. The treatment group was received Low-molecular-weight Heparin Sodium for 1 week based on the control group. Results: The total effective rate of treatment group was 96.96% and was significantly higher than that of control group (76.47%) (ρ<0.05). Conclusion: Low-molecular-weight Heparin Sodium combined with Aspirin is effective and safe in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris.

  9. Meta-analysis of Dengzhanxixin injection treatment for unstable angina pectoris%灯盏细辛注射液联用西药治疗不稳定心绞痛的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂晓璐; 申浩; 谢雁鸣; 胡晶; 张越伦; 黎元元

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of Dengzhanxixin injection for unstable angina pectoris. Method: All clinical studies of Dengzhanxixin injection for unstable angina pectoris ( UAP) were searched from Cochrane library,Medline,EM-base,CBM,CNKI,Wanfang and VIP. Quality assessment and information extraction were done by two independent screening . The quality of the included documents was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias and allocation concealment . Revman 5. 1. 4 software was used for data analysis. Result: A total of 17 randomized controlled trials were included (1 644 patients ) ,in which,only 2 studies were true RCT,1 study used single blind method,while other studies did not mention allocation concealment ,blind and loss-up information. Meta-analysis showed that the Dengzhanxixin injection group was better than the conventional treatment group in efficiency ( OR = 3. 54,95% CI [ 2. 604. 82 ] ) and ECG ( OR = 2. 36,95% CI [ 1. 88-2. 96 ] ) . Researches with ADR/AE information of Dengzhanxixin injection showed that the symptoms of ADR/AE were slight. This study may exist publication bias. Conclusion: Dengzhanxixin injection on the basis of conventional treatment can improve the efficacy of the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. However,due to the sample size of included studies were small and of lower quality,conclusions above still need high-qualitied randomized,double-blind,controlled trials be confirmed.%目的:评价灯盏细辛联合西药常规治疗不稳定型心绞痛临床疗效和安全性.方法:计算机检索Cochrane图书馆,Medline,EMbase,CBM,CNKI,VIP和万方数据库,由2位研究者独立筛选和提取资料,根据Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook 5.0评价标准和工具评价纳入文献质量,用RevMan 5.1软件进行数据分析.结果:共纳入17个随机对照试验,共计1644名患者.仅2个研究采用恰当的随机分配方法,1个研究提及采用单盲,其余所有研究均未提

  10. Clinical Research about Different Antiplatelet Scheme forTreatment of Unstable Angina Pectoris%不同抗血小板方案治疗不稳定性心绞痛疗效临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓应忠; 曹晨; 郑兴萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To compare unstable angina pectoris curative effect of single,double, double dual antiplatelet therapy.Methods:325 cases of unstable angina patients were divided into dual antiplatelet group of 120 patients,single-agent antiplatelet group 114 cases,the first two group therapy invalid cases into double dual antiplatelet therapy.Observe clinical treatment effect of unstable angina pectoris.Results:Dual antiplatelet therapy was significantly effective in 71 cases(59.17%),effective in 23 cases(19.17%)and invalid in 26 cases(21.67%).Single-agent antiplatelet therapy was significantly effective in 56 cases (49.12%),effective in 19 cases(16.67%)and invalid in 39 cases (34.12%).P<0.05,the difference was statistically significant.Double dual antiplatelet therapy was significantly effective in 21 cases(65.63%),effective in 5 cases(15.63%)and invalid in 6 cases(28.6%).Conclusions:Dual antiplatelet therapy is more effective than single-agent antiplatelet therapy in treatment of unstable angina,double dual antiplatelet therapy can further enhance the curative effect.%目的:比较单重、双重、加倍双重抗血小板治疗不稳定性心绞痛(UAP)的疗效,探讨UAP更好的治疗方案.方法:234例不稳定型心绞痛患者分为双重抗血小板组120例、单重抗血小板组114例,前两组治疗无效病例进入加倍双重抗血小板治疗组32例.观察UAP临床治疗效果.结果:双重抗血小板治疗组显效71例(59.17%),有效23例(19.17%),无效26例(21.67%).单重抗血小板治疗组:显效56例(49.12%),有效19例(16.67%),无效39例(34.21%);差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).加倍双重抗血小板治疗组:显效21例(65.63%),有效5例(15.63%),无效6例(28.6%).结论:双重抗血小板治疗较单重抗血小板治疗有UAP治疗更好的疗效,加倍双重抗血小板治疗可以进一步提高疗效.

  11. Herbal dietary regimen combined with massage along the Meridian-and-collateral system to relieve angina pectoris%药膳调理联合经络推按操缓解冠心病心绞痛的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗玫; 杨雨竹; 莫凤梅; 洪志明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To relieve angina pectoris by using herbal dietary regimen combined with massage along the Meridian-and-col-lateral system. Methods A total of 233 patients with angina pectoris were randomly divided into 4 groups; the control group of 57 patients were given conventional nursing carei the other 3 groups received either herbal dietary regimen (dietary group, 56 patients)* massage along the Meridian-and-collateral system (meridian group,60 patients) * or both interventions (combination group* 60 patients). The treatment course required 2 weeks and the efficacy was evaluated after completion of 3 courses. Results The results of exercise ECG test and the Seattle Angina Questionarie (SAQ) scores showed significant differences among the 4 groups (P<0. 05,P<0. 01). With the best effect in the combination group and the worst in the control group. Conclusion Herbal dietary regimen combined with massage along the Meridian-and-collateral system, which is safe and convenient, can improve curative effect of angina pectoris and patients' quality of life.%目的 探讨药膳调理联合经络推按操缓解冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效.方法 将233例冠心病心绞痛患者随机分为四组:对照组57例子常规治疗护理;在此基础上,其余三组辅助给予药膳(药膳组,56例),经络推按操(经络组,60例),药膳调理联合经络推按操(联合组,60例).2周为1个疗程,共观察3个疗程.结果 治疗后四组患者运动试验心电图改变程度及西雅图心绞痛量表(SAQ)评分比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01),联合组效果最优,对照组效果最差.结论 药膳调理联合经络推按操能提高冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效,更好地改善患者生活质量,且安全、简便.

  12. Analysis of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in Patients with Unstable Angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Tavares

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of hyperhomocystinemia in patients with acute ischemic syndrome of the unstable angina type. METHODS - We prospectively studied 46 patients (24 females with unstable angina and 46 control patients (19 males, paired by sex and age, blinded to the laboratory data. Details of diets, smoking habits, medication used, body mass index, and the presence of hypertension and diabetes were recorded, as were plasma lipid and glucose levels, C-reactive protein, and lipoperoxidation in all participants. Patients with renal disease were excluded. Plasma homocysteine was estimated using high-pressure liquid chromatography. RESULTS - Plasma homocysteine levels were significantly higher in the group of patients with unstable angina (12.7±6.7 µmol/L than in the control group (8.7±4.4 µmol/L (p<0.05. Among males, homocystinemia was higher in the group with unstable angina than in the control group, but this difference was not statistically significant (14.1±5.9 µmol/L versus 11.9±4.2 µmol/L. Among females, however, a statistically significant difference was observed between the 2 groups: 11.0±7.4 µmol/L versus 6.4±2.9 µmol/L (p<0.05 in the unstable angina and control groups, respectively. Approximately 24% of the patients had unstable angina at homocysteine levels above 15 µmol/L. CONCLUSION - High homocysteine levels seem to be a relevant prevalent factor in the population with unstable angina, particularly among females.

  13. Functional Role of Dendritic Cells in Patients with Unstable Angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Dazhu; Sharma Ranjit; ZENG Qiutang

    2005-01-01

    To investigate the function of dendritic cells (DC) in patients with unstable angina, 10 mL of blood was drawn from 30 subjects. 15 patients diagnosed as having unstable angina and 15 healthy subjects were included in an observation and a control groups respectively. The mononuclear cells were separated from the peripheral blood and cultured in RPMI1640 supplemented with recombinant human granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (rh GM-CSF) and recombinant human interleukin-4 (rh IL-4) to induce dendritic cells. The shape and ultrastructure of DC was examined with electronic microscope. The phenotype of DC was analyzed with FACS and the alloantigen presenting capacity of DC was evaluated by mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). The expression rate of CD86 of DC in patients with unstable angina was (40.7±3.6) %, which was obviously higher than that of normal DC (29.6±2.5 %) (P<0.001). The capacity of the DCs in unstable angina patients to induce allogenic T cells (OD 2.73±1.10), was significantly higher than that of the normal DC (OD:0.9±0.21) (P<0.005). It is suggested that the function of DC in patients with unstable angina is increased, which may play an important role in the initiation of immune reaction in the plaque.

  14. Effects of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on serum inflammatory factors in patients with unstable angina pectoris%Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸对不稳定型心绞痛血清炎症因子的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧书文; 王开成

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the changes and effects of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFAs) on serum levels of inflammatory factors in patients with unstable angina(UAP). Methods:54 patients with UAP admitted between Mar 2013 and June 2014 were randomly divided into the Omega-3 PUFAs group(n=27) who received Omega-3 PUFAs, and the placebo group(n=27). The serum levels of inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α), interleukin 6(IL-6), High sensitivity C reactive protein(Hs-CRP), IL-10 and transforming growth factorβ(TGF-β)were measured before and after treatment, and Major adverse cardiovascular event and side effects were observed. Results:after treatment, The serum expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP in the Omega-3 PUFAs group were lower than the placebo group(P0.05);与对照组比较, Omega-3组用药8周后血清IL-6、TNF-α及CRP表达水平显著降低,IL-10、TGF-β表达显著上升;差异均有统计学意义(P0.05),两组不良反应发生比较差异无统计学意义。结论:不稳定型心绞痛患者口服Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸能显著抑制炎症,纠正促炎和抑炎失衡,发挥其抗动脉粥样硬化作用。

  15. 丹参多酚酸盐注射液治疗冠心病心绞痛的系统评价%Salvianolate injection for treatment of angina pectoris:A systematic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵业清; 朱慧娟; 文九芳

    2012-01-01

    Objective It is to assess the efficacy and safety of Salvianolate injection for the treatment of angina pectoris. Methods We electronically searched CNKI,VIP and CBM, we also checked the reference lists of all papers identified for further trials. Randomized controlled trials ( RCT ) of the effect of Salvianolate injection on angina pectoris were identified and assessed according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and then RevMan5.0 was used to undertake Mata analysis. Results Eight trials involving 867 patients were included, their method quality evaluation were all C degree. Mate-analysis showed that:①Compared with the controlled group, Salvianolate injection was capable of significantly decreasing the angina incidence( OR =2. 75 ,95% CI 1. 86 to 4. 05 ,P 、、的相关文献以及所获文献的参考文献,筛选到有应用丹参多酚酸盐注射液治疗冠心病心绞痛的随机对照试验(RCT),按照纳入与排除标准选择试验、评价质量和提取有效数据,而后采用RevMan 5.0软件进行Meta分析.结果 共纳入8个RCT,包括867例患者,其方法学质量评价均评为C级.Meta分析结果显示:①心绞痛发作有效率试验组高于对照组(OR=2.75,95%CI(1.86,4.05),P<0.00001);②心电图复查有效率试验组高于对照组(OR=1.96,95%CI(1.23,3.11),P=0.004);③不良反应:试验组与对照组有统计学差异(OR=0.16,95%CI(0.05,0.46),P=0.0007).结论 现有研究表明,丹参多酚酸盐注射液能有效改善冠心病心绞痛患者心绞痛的临床症状,使患者心电图复查有效率显著提高,并最终显著降低心绞痛发作率,且安全性更高.但由于本系统评价纳入研究证据强度不高,且样本量较小,故上述结论尚需更多高质量RCT进一步验证.

  16. Nitroglycerin alone and its combination with other drugs for treatment of unstable angina pectoris:A meta-analysis%硝酸甘油单用与联用治疗不稳定性心绞痛疗效的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关秀萍; 黎明丽; 杨柳

    2011-01-01

    about the studies. After the quality of RCTs was evaluated, a meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.0.0 for clinical and electrocardiogram (ECG) efficacy.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of eight RCTs about 715 patients were included, the quality of RCTs are all B level.Meta-analysis indicates that nitroglycerin combined with other drugs is superior to nitroglycerin alone in terms of clinical and ECG efficacy in treating unstable angina pectoris (RR = 0.79, 95%CI: 1.56-3.08, P < 0.01; RR = 0.72, 95%CI: 0.64-0.81, P < 0.01).However, various biases may exist in the above results, so the combined drugs should be chosen according to clinical symptoms and evidence-based guidelines.

  17. A Study on Syndrome of Angina Pectoris of Coronary Heart Disease Based on Feature Weighted Cluster Analysis%基于特征加权的冠心病心绞痛证候聚类研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹演梅; 张天奉

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨冠心病心绞痛中医证候分型及分布规律.方法:根据收集符合纳入标准的冠心病心绞痛患者证候信息,并利用Access软件建立冠心病心绞痛证候信息数据库,然后将录入的证候信息导入SPSS进行聚类分析,归纳符合临床的合理证型.结果:通过聚类分析认为冠心痛心绞痛证候聚成气虚血瘀证、痰浊内阻证、阴虚痰瘀证、气滞痰热证、寒凝血瘀证、气阴两虚证、阴虚痰瘀证7类比较合理.结论:基于特征加权的聚类分析所得的冠心痛心绞痛证候分型与临床有较高的符合度,该方法可以在疾病证候分型研究领域进一步推广.%Objective: To discuss the syndrome-types and syndrome distribution of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Method: According to “coronary heart disease syndromes information collection form" to collect the angina pectoris of coronary heart disease syndromes information, and use the Access software to establish coronary syndromes database, then input the information into SPSS to cluster analysis,sum up a reasonable clinical syndromes. Result: It is more reasonable that the syndrome of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease are divided into seven types by cluster analysis, they are Qi-deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, phlegm-dampness syndrome, Yin-deficiency and phlegm-blood stasis syndrome, Qistagnation and phlegm-heat syndrome, Harning blood stasis syndrome, Qi and Yin-deficiency syndrome,Yin-deficiency and phlegm-heat syndrome. Conclusion: The syndrome-types of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease based on feature weighted cluster analysis have a higher accordance with clinical, this method can be further extended to syndrome classification research field of disease.

  18. Sensitivity and related factors in iodine-123-β-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid myocardial scintigraphy to detect stable effort angina pectoris

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the sensitivity and the related factors in iodine-123-β-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) scintigraphy to detect stable angina. The subjects were 198 patients with stable angina who underwent BMIPP before percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary bypass graft surgery. Patients with unstable angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy and vasospastic angina were excluded. After investigation of the sensitivity of BMIPP, the patients with single-vessel disease without collateral flow were classified into the normal 123I-BMIPP uptake group (normal group) or decreased 123I-BMIPP uptake group (decreased group), and various factors were compared between the two groups. Sensitivity was 61% overall, 58% in single-vessel disease, 69% in double-vessel disease, 53% in triple-vessel disease, 43% in only left main vessel disease, and 89% in left main and other vessel disease (NS). In single-vessel disease, the sensitivity was 40% in 75% coronary artery stenosis, 58% in 90% stenosis, 89% in 99% stenosis, and 69% in total occlusion (p=0.003). Comparing the decreased and normal groups, diabetes mellitus was more frequent in the normal group (14.6% vs 39.5%), minimal lumen diameter was smaller (0.75±0.37 vs 0.98±0.49 mm) and lesion length was longer in the decreased group (15.4±4.9 vs 11.6±5.5 mm). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that the independent factors were diabetes mellitus [odds ratio 0.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.04-0.87, p=0.03], minimal lumen diameter (odds ratio 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.48, p=0.003) and lesion length (odds ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.00-1.25, p=0.03). BMIPP is useful in stable angina patients because of the acceptable sensitivity. Diabetes mellitus, minimal lumen diameter and lesion length were independent factors associated with decreased BMIPP uptake. (author)

  19. Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸对不稳定型心绞痛血清炎症因子的影响%Effects of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on serum inflammatory factors in patients with unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧书文; 王开成

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸对不稳定型心绞痛患者血清炎症因子的影响及疗效。方法:选择未行冠脉成形术(percutaneous coronary intervention,PCI)治疗的不稳定型心绞痛(unstable angina,UA)患者54例,随机分为Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸组及安慰剂治疗组各27例。分别于入院时及治疗8周后检测患者空腹血清中白介素6、肿瘤坏死因子α、高敏C反应蛋白、IL-10及转化生长因子β等炎症因子表达变化;记录不良反应及半年内心血管事件发生率。结果:治疗后Omega-3组血清IL-6、TNF-α及CRP表达水平均较治疗前显著下降(P0.05);与对照组比较, Omega-3组用药8周后血清IL-6、TNF-α及CRP表达水平显著降低,IL-10、TGF-β表达显著上升;差异均有统计学意义(P0.05),两组不良反应发生比较差异无统计学意义。结论:不稳定型心绞痛患者口服Omega-3多不饱和脂肪酸能显著抑制炎症,纠正促炎和抑炎失衡,发挥其抗动脉粥样硬化作用。%Objective:To evaluate the changes and effects of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFAs) on serum levels of inflammatory factors in patients with unstable angina(UAP). Methods:54 patients with UAP admitted between Mar 2013 and June 2014 were randomly divided into the Omega-3 PUFAs group(n=27) who received Omega-3 PUFAs, and the placebo group(n=27). The serum levels of inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α), interleukin 6(IL-6), High sensitivity C reactive protein(Hs-CRP), IL-10 and transforming growth factorβ(TGF-β)were measured before and after treatment, and Major adverse cardiovascular event and side effects were observed. Results:after treatment, The serum expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP in the Omega-3 PUFAs group were lower than the placebo group(P<0.05), and the serum expression levels of IL-10 and TGF-βwere higher than in the placebo group(P<0.05). The incidence rate of

  20. Systematic Review of Associated Prescriptions of Gualou and Xiebai on Unstable Angina Pectoris%《金匮要略》瓜蒌薤白类方治疗不稳定型心绞痛的系统评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄严

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To systematically assess the efficacy of the associated prescriptions of Gualou and Xiebai on unstable angina pectoris. Methods:Randomized controlled trials of associated prescriptions of Gualou and Xiebai on unstable angina pectoris were retrieved from the Cochrane library,PubMed,CNKI, Wanfang database and CBM. The risk of bias of included studies was assessed according to the criteria recommended by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of interventions. Such statistical analyses as heterogeneity analysis,meta-analysis,sensitivity analysis and funnel plot analysis were performed using the Review Manager 5.2.6 software. Results:Fourteen qualified trials were included. The risk of bias was generally high and clinical heterogeneity exists among them. Meta-analysis shows that the associated pre scriptions of Gualou and Xiebai can improve angina pectoris(RR=1.24,95%CI[1.18,1.31]) and ECG manifestations(RR=1.29,95%CI[1.19,1.39]),funnel plot is asymmetry. Conclusion:Current evidence indicates that treating un-stable angina pectoris with the associated prescriptions of Gualou and Xiebai can improve the efficacy on unstable angina pectoris. Due to the low quality of included studies ,clinical trials with adequate samples , rational design and strict execution should be carried out to provide more reliable evidence.%目的:系统评价《金匮要略》瓜蒌薤白类方治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床疗效。方法:检索中国学术文献总库(CNKI)、万方数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、The Cochrane Library、PubMed等数据库,搜集瓜蒌薤白类方治疗不稳定型心绞痛的随机对照试验,按照Cochrane协作网推荐的方法评估纳入研究的偏倚风险,运用RevMan 5.2.6软件完成异质性检验、Meta-分析、敏感性分析、倒漏斗图分析等相关统计分析。结果:共纳入14项合格研究,均存在较高的方法学偏倚风险,Meta-分析显示瓜蒌薤白类方在

  1. Smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and family history and the risks of acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris: a prospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorgels Anton PM

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies investigated the association between smoking, alcohol consumption, or physical activity and the risk of unstable angina pectoris (UAP, while the strength of these associations may differ compared to other coronary diseases such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI. Therefore, we investigated whether the associations of these lifestyle factors with UAP differed from those with AMI. Additionally, we investigated whether these effects differed between subjects with and without a family history of myocardial infarction (MI. Methods The CAREMA study consists of 21,148 persons, aged 20-59 years at baseline and randomly sampled from the Maastricht region in 1987-1997. At baseline, all participants completed a self-administered questionnaire. After follow-up of maximally 16.9 years, 420 AMI and 274 UAP incident cases were registered. Incidence rate ratios (RRs were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Results For both diseases, smoking increased the risk while alcohol consumption was associated with a protective effect. Associations with both risk factors were stronger for AMI than UAP, although this difference was only statistically significant for smoking. In men, an inverse association was found with physical activity during leisure time which seemed to be stronger for the risk of UAP than of AMI. On the contrary, physical activity during leisure time was associated with an increased risk of both AMI and UAP in women which seemed to be weaker for UAP than for AMI. Except for occupational physical activity in women, no significant interactions on a multiplicative scale were found between the lifestyle factors and family history of MI. Nevertheless, the highest risks were found in subjects with both a positive family history and the most unfavorable level of the lifestyle factors. Conclusions The strength of the associations with the lifestyle factors did not differ between AMI and UAP, except for smoking

  2. Analysis of Predispositionand Risk Factors of Stable Angina Pectoris of Coronary Heart Disease with Phlegm and Stasis Combined Syndrome%痰瘀互结型冠心病稳定性心绞痛诱因及危险因素的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷晓梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate predispositionand risk factors of stable angina pectoris of coronary heart disease (CHD)with phlegm and stasis combined syndrome.Methods:240 cases with stable angina pectoris of coronary heart disease (CHD)with phlegm and stasis combined syndrome in the out-patient department and in-patient department of 10 hospitals,June 2011 to January 2012,were collected to make statistics analysis of their materials.Results:The survey found that patients with coronary heart disease cases were overweight or obese,dyslipidemia,cold,emotion,and other sports were the main cause of the disease.Conclusion:In many predisposition and risk factors,dyslipidemia,weight,cold,emotions and other sports were the highest proportion.Controling predispositionand and risk factors can avoid acute cardiovascular events.%目的:探讨痰瘀互结型冠心病稳定型心绞痛诱因及危险因素.方法:将2011年6月-2012年1月就诊于10家医院的240例冠心病稳定型心绞痛痰瘀互结型患者的资料进行列表统计分析.结果:调查发现冠心病患者发病多有超重或肥胖、血脂异常等危险因素,寒冷、情绪、运动等是发病的主要诱因.结论:在诸多诱因及危险因素中,血脂异常、体质指数、寒冷、情绪、运动等所占的比例最高.积极控制诱因和危险因素,可以避免急性心血管事件发生.

  3. Myocardial Strain Analysis by 2-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography Improves Diagnostics of Coronary Artery Stenosis in Stable Angina Pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biering-Sørensen, Tor; Hoffmann, Soren; Mogelvang, Rasmus;

    2014-01-01

    an independent predictor of CAD after multivariable adjustment for baseline data, exercise test, and conventional echocardiography (odds ratio, 1.25 [P=0.016] per 1% decrease). Area under receiver operating characteristic curve for exercise test and global longitudinal peak systolic strain in combination...... is an independent predictor of significant CAD and significantly improves the diagnostic performance of exercise test. Furthermore, 2-dimensional strain echocardiography seems capable of identifying high-risk patients....... of the exercise test. Patients with an area stenosis≥70% in ≥1 epicardial coronary artery were categorized as having significant CAD (n=107). Global longitudinal peak systolic strain was significantly lower in patients with CAD compared with patients without (17.1±2.5% versus 18.8±2.6%; P

  4. Management of Stable Angina - Current Guidelines: A Critical Appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thadani, Udho

    2016-08-01

    Guidelines provide recommendations to improve patient outcomes, but many of the recommendations made for treating patients with stable angina are opinion based rather than evidence based. Risk stratification to predict patients at an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden ischemic death, and selection of patients for possible revascularization, is based on expert opinion. Randomized trials have compared optimal medical therapy to revascularization, after the coronary anatomy was known, and yet routine coronary angiography to exclude left main disease is not recommended. What exactly is optimal antianginal treatment varies considerably from one country's guideline recommendations to another. None of the antianginal drugs reduce mortality or MI and these drugs are equally effective in treating angina pectoris; and yet beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers are recommended as first line therapy. Double and triple therapy with different classes of antianginal drugs is also expert opinion based rather than evidence based. Recommendations to reduce the incidence of MI and sudden death are appropriate; however the use of a potent, high dose statin, is recommended by AHA/ACC and NICE guidelines for all patients with ischemic heart disease, while the European guidelines recommend a target LDL goal in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Management of patients with stable angina pectoris with normal coronary arteries remains ambiguous. This short review critically appraises the recommendations for managing patients with stable angina pectoris. PMID:27638354

  5. 冠心病稳定型心绞痛理化检查与量表间关系%Relationship between Physical and Chemical Inspection and Scale on Stable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德昭; 张哲; 袁东超; 夏伟; 吴瑾; 陈丽娟; 杨关林

    2013-01-01

    Objective:Stable angina pectoris with phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was taken as the research object.The relationship between physical and chemical inspections and scales were studied.It may probably provide new ideas for syndrome differentiation of stable angina pectoris.Method:The cross-sectional survey method was used in the clinical epidemiological survey.The self-rating scale,the dialectical scale and the TCMSAQ-QBS were used to collect the study data of the patients.Well 29 physical and chemical indicators such as lipids,blood glucose,ECG were taken to collect clinical data.Pearson correlation analysis,Logistic regression,and multiple linear regression methods were used to study the relationship between them.Result:11 indicators of the physical and chemical examination dialectical were related to the four dimensions of scale of the dialectical scale(spleen deficiency dimension,phlegm dimension,blood stasis dimension and disease dimension),four dimensions of the TCMSAQ-QBS (syndrome dimension,exercise tolerance dimension,sleep dimension and treatment satisfaction dimension),and two dimensions of the self-rating scale (exercise tolerance dimension,disease dimension).And regression models could be built between them (P <0.05).Conclusion:Physical and chemical examinations and scales of stable angina pectoris have consistency in the terms of the diagnosis of disease,the evaluation of the illness and the judgment of the prognosis.Furthermore,the relationship between the scale dimensions and some indicators such as fasting plasma glucose,triglycerides,C-reactive protein and the ECG for the specific anatomic sites of myocardial ischemia provides new ideas for the syndrome differentiation of coronary heart disease.%目的:以冠心病稳定型心绞痛痰瘀互结证患者为研究对象,探究其理化检查结果与3个量表的关系,并希望能够为冠心病稳定型心绞痛的辨证分型研究提供新思路.方法:临床流行病学调查采用横断

  6. Hospital utilization and costs for spinal cord stimulation compared with enhanced external counterpulsation for refractory angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondesson, Susanne M; Jakobsson, Ulf; Edvinsson, Lars;

    2013-01-01

    .001). Both SCS and EECP entailed fewer days of hospitalization for coronary artery disease in the 12-month follow-up compared with the 12 months preceding treatment. Patients treated with EECP showed an association between reduced hospital admissions and an improved Canadian Cardiovascular Society...... classification class compared with 1 year before treatment. A significant reduction in cost was seen in both the SCS group (P = 0.018 and P = 0.001, respectively) and the EECP group (P = 0.002 and P = 0.045, respectively) during 12 and 24 months of follow-up compared with before treatment. There were...

  7. 丹参酮ⅡA 磺酸钠联合氯吡格雷对冠心病心绞痛疗效及血管内皮功能的影响%Effect of TanshinoneIIA Sulfonic Sodium combined with Clopidogrel on coronary heart disease and angina pectoris and vascular endothelium function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芸羽; 吴敏; 叶张章; 陈明华

    2016-01-01

    Objective It is to explore the effect of TanshinoneIIA Sulfonic Sodium combined with Clopidogrel on coronaryheart disease and angina pectoris and vascular endothelium function .Methods 60 patients with coronary heart disease and anginapectoris were randomly divided into experimental group and control group , both the groups were given normal therapy , onthis basis the control group was treated with Clopidogrel , the experimental group was treated with TanshinoneIIA Sulfonic Sodi -um combined with Clopidogrel.The attack times and lasting time of angina pectoris and dosage needed of nitroglycerin beforeand after treatment were observed in both groups , and the levels of NO, ET and TXB2 were determined.Results The attacktimes and lasting time of angina pectoris and dosage needed of nitroglycerin, the levels of ET and TXB2 all decreased aftertreatment while that of NO increased in both groups compared with that before treatment , and the decrease or increase in experimentalgroup was more significant (P <0.05).The total effective rate in experimental group was obviously higher thanthat in control group (P <0.05).Conclusion TanshinoneIIA Sulfonic Sodium combined with Clopidogrel can promote coro -nary artery dilatation, improve vascular endothelium function in the treatment with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris ,the curative effect is good and it is worthy of popularization and application .%目的:探讨丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠联合氯吡格雷对冠心病心绞痛疗效及血管内皮功能的影响。方法将冠心病心绞痛患者60例随机分为实验组和对照组,均给予常规治疗,对照组在此基础上联合氯吡格雷进行治疗,实验组在对照组治疗基础上加用丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠进行治疗,观察2组治疗前后心绞痛发作次数、持续时间以及缓解所需硝酸甘油剂量,同时检测2组治疗前后血液内一氢化氮( NO)、内皮素( ET)及血栓素A2( TXB2)水平。结果2组治疗后

  8. Comparison Between Elective PCI and Simple Optimal Drug Therapy for Senile Unstable Angina Pectoris%经择期PCI和单纯优化药物治疗老年不稳定性心绞痛的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝翠平

    2015-01-01

    目的:探究经择期PCI和单纯优化药物治疗老年不稳定性心绞痛的临床效果。方法整群选取自2012年1月-2014年3月该院收治的老年不稳定性心绞痛患者134例为该次研究对象,将其随机分成实验组与对照组,分别予以择期PCI、单纯优化药物治疗,观察两组左心室功能改善情况及并发症发生情况。结果实验组出院90 d时LVEF (63.23±8.72)%vs(51.23±9.43)%、心输血量(6.97±2.82)vs (5.72±1.72)mL较对照组明显增加,LVEDD(50.23±10.64)mm vs (53.24±11.72)mm较对照组显著下降,再发心绞痛发生率10.44%vs 26.86%低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。造影剂肾病、出血发生率11.94%vs 0;17.91%vs 4.47%高于对照组,但经过及时对症治疗,均可得到治愈。结论经择期PCI治疗老年不稳定性心绞痛临床疗效优于单纯优化药物治疗,安全指数高,能有效调节患者左心室功能,改善患者预后,临床上应引起足够重视。%Objective To explore the effect of elective PCI and simple optimal drug therapy in the treatment of senile unstable angina pectoris. Methods Based on the completely randomized digital table method, 134 patients with senile unstable angina pec-toris in our hospital from January 2012 to March 2014 were selected as the study objects and divided into experimental group and control group. Elective PCI and simple optimal drug therapy were performed in the two groups respectively. The improvement of left ventricle function and occurrence of complications of the two groups were observed, respectively. Results For experimental group, when they left hospital after 90days, the LVEF was (%63.23±8.72 vs 51.23±9.43), the heart blood transfusion volume was (ml:6.97±2.82 vs 5.72±1.72) which was obviously increased compared to control group. The LVEDD (mm:50.23±10.64 vs 53.24±11.72) was obviously decreased compared to control group. Recurrence of angina morbidity (%:10.44 vs 26

  9. Angiographic findings in patients with refractory unstable angina according to troponin T status

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Heeschen (Christopher); C.W. Hamm (Christian); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: The CAPTURE (C7E3 fab AntiPlatelet Therapy in Unstable REfactory angina) trial enrolled patients with refractory unstable angina and documented a therapeutic benefit for abciximab, a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist, that was particularly e

  10. Confiabilidade de sintomas sugestivos de angina em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica Confiabilidad de síntomas sugestivos de angina en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica Reliability of symptoms suggestive of angina in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yilmaz Gunes

    2009-05-01

    baseline clinical characteristics who had undergone diagnostic coronary angiography for the first time were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The frequency of significant CAD was significantly lower in COPD patients than in the control group (52.8% vs. 80.2%, p<0.001. Frequencies of CAD risk factors (older age, hypertension, diabetes, smoking history were significantly more frequent among COPD patients having significant CAD. Among patients reporting stable angina pectoris, significant CAD was detected in 32.7% of COPD patients and 71.0% of non-COPD patients (p<0.001. However, among the patients with a diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris, significant CAD was detected in 87.5% of COPD patients and 90.2% of non-COPD patients (p=0.755. CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of CAD in COPD patients by symptomatology may be difficult. However, clinical diagnosis of CAD in the setting of unstable angina is accurate in most of the COPD patients. Therefore, further noninvasive diagnostic methods or careful follow up may be more appropriate for COPD patients reporting stable angina pectoris.

  11. Angina and exertional myocardial ischemia in diabetic and nondiabetic patients: assessment by exercise thallium scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease are thought to have painless myocardial ischemia more often than patients without diabetes. We studied 50 consecutive patients with diabetes and 50 consecutive patients without diabetes, all with ischemia, on exercise thallium scintigraphy to show the reliability of angina as a marker for exertional ischemia. The two groups had similar clinical characteristics, treadmill test results, and extent of infarction and ischemia, but only 7 patients with diabetes compared with 17 patients without diabetes had angina during exertional ischemia. In diabetic patients the extent of retinopathy, nephropathy, or peripheral neuropathy was similar in patients with and without angina. Angina is an unreliable index of myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. Given the increased cardiac morbidity and mortality in such patients, periodic objective assessments of the extent of ischemia are warranted

  12. 黄芪注射液对比复方丹参注射液治疗心绞痛的系统评价%Systematic Evaluation on Astragalus Membranceus Injection versus Compound Danshen Injection in Treatment of Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄媛; 占美; 吴逢波; 吴斌; 徐珽

    2013-01-01

    目的 系统评价黄芪注射液对比复方丹参注射液治疗心绞痛的疗效和安全性.方法 计算机检索Cochrane图书馆、EMbase、PubMed、科学引文索引(SCI)数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、中国学术期刊全文数据库(CNKI)、中文科技期刊全文数据库(维普).按纳入与排除标准选择试验、提取资料,并根据Cochrane手册对纳入的随机对照试验(RCT)进行方法学质量评价,采用RevMan 5.1.6软件对数据进行Meta分析.结果 纳入9个RCT,共计839例患者.Meta分析结果显示,黄芪注射液治疗组在总有效率[RR=1.19,95% Cl (1.08,1.31),P=0.000 4]、临床症状[RR=1.23,95% Cl(1.14,1.33),P<0.00001]和心电图[RR=1.31,95%Cl (1.18,1.45),P<0.000 01]有效率方面均优于复方丹参注射液对照组,且差异具有统计学意义.同时,黄芪注射液治疗组不良反应更少[RR =0.17,95%Cl(0.03,0.94),P=0.04].结论 现有临床研究显示,黄芪注射液治疗心绞痛的疗效优于复方丹参注射液且安全性更高.但由于纳入的研究证据强度不高且样本量较小,可能影响到结果的可靠性,结论有待更多设计严谨的大样本、多中心随机对照试验予以验证.%Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Astragalus Membranceus Injection versus Compound Danshen Injection in the treatment of angina pectoris.Methods Cochrane Library,EBase,PubMed,SCI,CBM,CNKI and VIP were retrieved by computer.According to the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria,the trials were screened and the data were extracted.Then included Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) were performed the methodological quality evaluation based on the Cochrane Handbook and the data were conducted the meta-analysis by using the RevMan software (version 5.1.6).Results 9 RCTs involving 839 patients were included.The meta-analysis results showed that the Astragalus Membranceus Injection group was superior to the Compound Danshen Injection

  13. Clinical analysis of 21 cases of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy misdiagnosed as coronary heart disease and angina pectoris%21例肥厚梗阻型心肌病误诊为冠心病心绞痛的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周明刚

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the hypertrophy cardiomyopathy obstruction type misdiagnosed as angina pectoris of coronary heart disease and identify key points. SelectionMethods From May 2011 to May 2015 were 21 cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy obstruction type misdiagnosed as angina, coronary heart disease patients, the clinical data were to research and analysis, find the misdiagnosis factors. Results After the misdiagnosis after drug response analysis to diagnose patients as hypertrophy cardiomyopathy obstruction type, and then to suit the medicine treatment, 21 patients were recovered, the cure rate is 100%.Conclusion The need for a detailed to identify the patient, distinguish different conditions may cause diseases, and the representation can help reduce the clinical misdiagnosis rate.%目的:探讨肥厚梗阻型心肌病误诊为冠心病心绞痛的原因及鉴别要点。方法:选取我院2011年5月到2015年5月间收治的21例肥厚梗阻型心肌病误诊为冠心病心绞痛患者,对其临床资料进行重新研究与分析,找寻误诊因素。结果:经误诊后用药反应分析后重新确诊患者为肥厚梗阻型心肌病,然后给予对症药物治疗后,21例患者均获得痊愈,治愈率达到100%。结论:需要对患者的病情进行细致鉴别,分清不同病症的表现形式与可能引发的疾病种类,有助于降低临床误诊率。

  14. Clinical Trial Study on Effect of Yangxinshi Tablets in Treatment of Angina Pectoris of Coronary Heart Disease%养心氏片治疗心绞痛及冠心病临床试验资料研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔燕; 张辉; 庄婕

    2013-01-01

    Through searching the clinical trial data of Yangxinshi Tablets, the total of 1281 cases were summed up for the effects of Yangxinshi Tablets on the treatment of angina pectoris, diabetes angina, stable angina, coronary heart disease. The clinical effects of Yangxinshi Tablets were as follows:the curative effect on angina was approximately 72.00%-95.30%, the curative effect on traditional Chinese medicine symptoms was 78.90%-95.00%, the curative effect on electrocardiogram was 42.90%-81.30%, and nitroglycerin stop reduction rate is generally determined to be valid for more than 50%. Compared with the chosen control drugs, clinical efficacy of Yangxinshi Tablets was better than isosorbide dinitrate and isosorbide mononitrate, which were western medicines. Clinical efficacy of the combination of isosorbide dinitrate and Yangxinshi Tablets was superior to Compound Danshen Tablets and Compound Danshen Granales, and equivalent to Musk Heart-saving Drop Pill. Combined application of Yangxinshi Tablets and hypoglycemic agents was effective in the treatment on diabetes angina. Consequently, Yangxinshi Tablets could reduce cardiac stress, increase coronary blood flow, resist myocardial ischemia, prolong antianoxia time, and lower blood pressure and blood lipids to a certain extent. Yangxinshi Tablets had good effects on coronary heart disease and angina, especially on Qi deficiency and blood stasis type angina and myocardial infarction. What is more, Yangxinshi Tablets could be used in a long time without toxic effect.%  检索养心氏片临床试验的文献,总结养心氏片治疗心绞痛、糖尿病性心绞痛、稳定型心绞痛、冠心病,共1281例。养心氏片临床疗效:心绞痛疗效总有效率72.0%~95.30%,中医症状疗效总有效率78.90%~95.00%,心电图疗效42.90%~81.30%;硝酸甘油停减率一般在50%以上判定为有效。与所选择的对照药相比,养心氏片的临床疗效优于所对照的西药硝酸异山梨酯(

  15. Evaluating Symptoms to Improve Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Stable Angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey W. Young

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic stable angina (CSA is a significant problem in the United States that can negatively impact patient quality of life (QoL. An accurate assessment of the severity of a patient’s angina, the impact on their functional status, and their risk of cardiovascular complications is key to successful treatment of CSA. Active communication between the patient and their healthcare provider is necessary to ensure that patients receive optimal therapy. Healthcare providers should be aware of atypical symptoms of CSA in their patients, as patients may continue to suffer from angina despite the availability of multiple therapies. Patient questionnaires and symptom checklists can help patients communicate proactively with their healthcare providers. This paper discusses the prevalence of CSA, its impact on QoL, and the tools that healthcare providers can use to assess the severity of their patients’ angina and the impact on QoL.

  16. A Case of a Senile Systemic Amyloidosis Patient Presenting With Angina Pectoris and Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Gu Hyun; Ryu, Dong Ryeol; Song, Pil Sang; Song, Young Bin; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Choi, Seung-Hyuck; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

    2011-01-01

    A 77-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of aggravated exertional chest pain. He was diagnosed with syndrome X 7 years ago and underwent medical treatment in a regional hospital. Coronary angiography and echocardiography did not show any significant abnormalities. On the seventh in-hospital day, cardiogenic shock developed and echocardiography showed a dilated left ventricular (LV) cavity and severe LV systolic dysfunction. We thus inserted an intra-aortic balloon pump for hemodynam...

  17. Five year prognosis in patients with angina identified in primary care: incident cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Buckley, B. S.; Simpson, C.R.; McLernon, D.J.; Murphy, A W; Hannaford, P.C.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the risk of acute myocardial infarction, invasive cardiac procedures, and mortality among patients with newly diagnosed angina over five years. DESIGN: Incident cohort study of patients with primary care data linked to secondary care and mortality data. SETTING: 40 primary care practices in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: 1785 patients with a diagnosis of angina as their first manifestation of ischaemic heart disease, 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2001. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...

  18. 黄芪注射液治疗不稳定型心绞痛的系统评价%Systematic Review on HuangQi Injection in Treating Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓怀; 潘文; 康开彪; 柳树英; 袁仁智

    2013-01-01

    目的:评价黄芪注射液治疗不稳定型心绞痛的疗效与安全性。方法:计算机检索MEDLINE、EMbase、Cochrane图书馆、CNKI、VIP和万方数据库,按照纳入与排除标准由两位研究者独立筛选和提取资料,采用Cochrane协作网随机对照试验的质量评价标准评价纳入文献质量,使用RevMan 5.2软件进行Meta分析。结果:共纳入6篇文献,714例患者。Meta分析结果显示:黄芪注射液组的临床疗效[RR=1.21,95%CI(1.12,1.30)]和心电图改善情况[RR=1.30,95%CI(1.15,1.46)]均优于对照组,2组相比差异有统计学意义。纳入的6篇文献中,4篇文献报道未见明显不良反应,2篇未提及安全性或不良反应。结论:黄芪注射液治疗不稳定型心绞痛,较其他常规西药和中药,可以提高其治疗效果。但由于本系统评价纳入研究质量低且样本量小,药物安全性不明确,尚需高质量随机对照试验进一步验证。%Objective:To evaluate therapeutic effects and the safety of HuangQi injection in treating unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Method:MEDLINE, EMbase, Cochrane library, CNKI, VIP and Wangfang database were searched;data was screened and abstracted by two investigators according to the standard of inclusion and exclusion, the quality of included literature was assessed by quality assessment of randomized controlled trial from Cochrane net and Meta analysis was performed by RevMan 5.2 software. Result:Six pieces of writing were included and 714 patients were involved. The results of Meta analysis showed: HuangQi injection group was superior to the control group in clinical effects [RR=1.21,95%CI (1.12,1.30)] and the improvements of ECG [RR=1.30,95%CI (1.15,1.46)], the difference had statistical meaning. Among six pieces of writing, there was no obvious adverse reac-tion in four articles, there was no safety and adverse reaction mentioned in two articles. Conclusion:HuangQi injec-tion in

  19. Prognostic value of early post-infarction angina in elderly patients

    OpenAIRE

    Erceg Predrag; Davidović Mladen; Vasiljević Zorana; Mitrović Predrag M.; Vukčević Vladan D.; Milošević Dragoslav P.; Stević Radmila; Rajić Miodrag

    2005-01-01

    Although numerous studies have shown that early post-infarction angina was a predictor of poor prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction, not a single study has considered this issue in the elderly. The goal of this study, based on a five-year follow-up of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, was to determine whether early post-infarction angina in the elderly had any influence on mortality and the incidence of additional coronary events. The study population consis...

  20. The impact of guideline compliant medical therapy on clinical outcome in patients with stable angina: findings from the Euro Heart Survey of stable angina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daly, Caroline; Clemens, Felicity; Lopez-Sendon, Jose L.;

    2006-01-01

    interest was death or myocardial infarction (MI). The increasing intensity of guideline compliant medical therapy was quantified by means of a simple treatment score based on the use of guideline advocated therapies: antiplatelets, statins, and beta-blockers. A total of 3779 patients were included in the...... initial survey. Increasing intensity of guideline compliant therapy at initial assessment was associated with a reduction in death and MI during follow-up in patients with angina and confirmed coronary disease (HR 0.68; 95% CI 0.49-0.95 per unit increase in treatment score). All cardiovascular events were...... stable angina. Methods and results The Euro Heart Survey of Stable Angina is a multicentre prospective observational study conducted between 2002 and 2003. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of stable angina by a cardiologist were enrolled and follow-up was conducted at 1 year. The primary outcome of...

  1. Vasospastic angina with J waves formation in patients with sudden loss of consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dan ZHU; Yi-Ming LUO; Ke-Hu A; Ling-Yun ZU; Yan-Hui ZHANG; Li-Jun GUO; Wei GAO; Yuan ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    Vasospastic angina is caused by sudden occlusive vasoconstriction of a segment of an epicardial artery, which can present with a wide spectrum of clinical scenario. We report the cases of two patients diagnosed with vasospastic angina, with one of which presenting with sud-den cardiac arrest, while the other presenting with a relatively benign syncope. But both of them have J waves formation on ECG during active ischemia. The diagnosis and management of vasospastic angina, as well as the proposed clinical significance of J waves during coro-nary spasm are discussed.

  2. Nicorandil in patients with acute coronary syndrome and stable angina undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Neda Partovi; Homa Falsoleiman

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention is an option for the treatment of coronary artery disease such as acute coronary syndrome and stable angina.Acute coronary syndrome has two groups including acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina.Periprocedural myocardial infarction is a frequent and prognostically important complication of percutaneous coronary intervention and can be easily monitored by measuring myocardial enzymes. Coronary microvascular dysfunction in patients undergoing primary...

  3. Importance of thrombosis and thrombolysis in silent ischaemia: comparison of patients with acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina.

    OpenAIRE

    Gurfinkel, E.; Altman, R.; Scazziota, A.; Rouvier, J.; Mautner, B

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To investigate whether plaque rupture and thrombosis have a role in silent ischaemia as well as in unstable angina. DESIGN--Prospective analysis of the results of haemostatic diagnostic tests at the moment of developing silent ischaemia at rest. SETTING--Coronary care unit. PATIENTS--22 patients with acute myocardial infarction, 12 patients with symptomatic angina (unstable angina), and 10 normal volunteers (control group). INTERVENTIONS--Continuous cardiac monitoring detected 15 a...

  4. Parenterale und orale Glykoprotein IIb/IIIa-Antagonisten bei instabiler Angina pectoris - gibt es noch eine Chance für oral wirksame Substanzen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darius H

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Die intravenösen Glykoprotein IIb/IIIa-Antagonisten Abciximab, Tirofiban und Eptifibatide sind wissenschaftlich ohne Zweifel für die Therapie der instabilen Angina und als Begleitmedikation bei Koronarinterventionen etabliert, auch wenn die Anwendung dieser Substanzen in der klinischen Praxis noch ungenügend ist. Insbesondere für das Abciximab konnte eine Letalitätsreduktion auch 3 Jahre nach der Therapie für ein Hochrisikokollektiv von Patienten überzeugend nachgewiesen werden. Für die Therapie des akuten Myokardinfarktes zusammen mit verschiedenen Fibrinolytika werden alle drei Substanzen zur Zeit in größeren Studien untersucht. Die sehr umfangreichen Untersuchungen bei Patienten mit instabiler Angina und nach Koronarinterventionen, die mit den oralen Glykoprotein IIb/IIIa-Antagonisten durchgeführt wurden, haben allesamt enttäuschende Ergebnisse erbracht. Es konnten nur schwache therapeutische Effekte im Sinne einer Reduktion von ischämischen Rezidivereignissen festgestellt werden, wobei jedoch bei allen Untersuchungen eine Tendenz zu einer leicht erhöhten Letalität in der Therapiegruppe im Vergleich zur jeweiligen Placebogruppe festgestellt werden konnte. In einer Metaanalyse wurde eine ca. 35%ige Erhöhung der Sterblichkeit für die mit den oralen Antagonisten behandelten Patienten errechnet. Die Gründe für diesen therapeutischen Fehlschlag könnten in der geringen Bioverfügbarkeit der verschiedenen Substanzen liegen oder in dem bisher noch ungenügenden Verständnis des Verhaltens des thrombozytären GPIIb/IIIa-Rezeptors beim Versuch einer Langzeitblockade. Weitere Substanzen mit anderen pharmakokinetischen Eigenschaften sind derzeit noch in der klinischen Entwicklung.

  5. 奥扎格雷钠注射液与低分子肝素钙治疗不稳定型心绞痛的疗效观察%Observation on the curative effect of Ozagrel Sodium Injection and low molecular weight heparin calcium on unstable angina pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雷

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨奥扎格雷钠注射液与低分子肝素钙联合应用在不稳定型心绞痛中的治疗效果。方法选择本院82例不稳定型心绞痛患者,上述患者随机分为观察组和对照组,两组均给予常规治疗,对照组同时给予奥扎格雷钠注射液,观察组给予奥扎格雷钠注射液联合低分子肝素。评定两组疗效,观察血液流变学指标改变情况。结果观察组总有效率为95.0%,对照组总有效率为75.6%,观察组总有效率高于对照组(P<0.05)。观察组治疗后全血粘度高切、全血粘度低切和血液粘度分别与对照组治疗后比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论奥扎格雷钠注射液与低分子肝素钙治疗不稳定型心绞痛效果显著,有助于改善患者血液流变学指标,值得借鉴。%Objective To explore the effect of combined application of Ozagrel Sodium Injection and low molecular weight heparin on unstable angina pectoris. Methods 82 cases with unstable angina patients, the patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group, two groups were given conventional treatment, the control group was treated ozagrel sodium Injection, the observation group was given ozagrel sodium Injection combined with low molecular weight heparin. the efficacy of two groups was evaluated, the changes of blood rheology was observed. Results The total effective rate in the observation group, was 95%, the total effective rate in the control group was 75.6%, the total effective rate in observation groupwas higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The whole blood high shear viscosity, whole blood low shear viscosity and blood viscosity in the observation group after treatment compared with those in the control group after treatment, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Ozagrel sodium Injection combined with low molecular weight heparin calcium on unstable angina pectoris has significant effect

  6. Plasma Levels of the Anti-inflammatory Cytokine IL-10 and Inflammatory Cytokine IL-6 in Patients with Unstable Angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Mei; WEI Wenning; HU Yu; YANG Rui; YANG Yan

    2005-01-01

    The plasma levels of inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the patients with unstable angina or stable angina were determined and compared. In 30 patients with unstable angina and 22 patients with stable angina, plasma levels of IL-10 and IL-6 were detected by ELISA and plasma lipid parameters by lipid research clinical methods respectively. The results showed plasma levels of IL-10 were significantly lower in unstable angina group than in stable angina group (P=0. 005), while those of IL-6 were significantly increased in unstable angina group as compared with those in stable angina group (P = 0. 039).There was a significantly negative correlation between IL-10 and IL-6 in patients with unstable angina (r=-0.41, P=0. 003). In the unstable angina group, IL-6 levels were obviously positively correlated with TC (r=0. 314, P=0. 023), but not with TG and HDL. There were no significant correlations between IL-10 and plasma lipid parameters. It was suggested that the decreased IL-10and increased IL-6 might be associated with the atheromatous plaque stability and progression of coronary heart diseases. IL-10 may play an important role in preventing coronary vascular lesions.

  7. Increased expression and plasma levels of myeloperoxidase are closely related to the presence of angiographically-detected complex lesion morphology in unstable angina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Naruko; A. Furukawa; K. Yunoki; R. Komatsu; M. Nakagawa; Y. Matsumura; N. Shirai; K. Sugioka; M. Takagi; T. Hozumi; A. Itoh; K. Haze; M. Yoshiyama; A.E. Becker; M. Ueda

    2010-01-01

    Background Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a leucocyte enzyme that catalyses the formation of a number of reactive oxidant species. Objective The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between angiographic coronary plaque morphology in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or stable a

  8. A STUDY OF HIGH SENSITIVITY C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN UNSTABLE ANGINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satish

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Unstable angina has a wide variability in its natural history, changing concepts of Pathophysiology, and newer approaches to its management strategies. So, unstable angina still has importance and prime interest in research work. Various ongoing research works has provided newer insights in pathophysiology of unstable angina syndrome and helps in recognition of clinical variability and unpredictability of it. C - reactive protein being the most sensitive acute phase reactant currently held. A recent previous study has estimated the levels and values of high-sensitivity C - reactive protein in both stable and unstable angina pectoris. Data provided by the study indicated need for further studies in this field. With all these facts, the present study is carried out to estimated Hs CRP levels as a marker of inflammation in patient of unstable angina. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out with the following Aims and Objectives. To estimate Hs-CRP levels as a marker of inflammation in patients of unstable angina. To compare Hs-CRP levels in cases of unstable angina, with Hs-CRP levels in patients of stable angina and in healthy age and sex matched controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out at Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital, Gulbarga, MRMC Gulbarga. Approximate duration of study was 1 ½ year from June-2008 to November, 2010. OBSERVATION: Following are the conclusions drawn from the present study.

  9. Ranolazine Therapy Reduces Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Unstable Angina in Coronary Disease Patients with Angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Gary L; Colombo, Joseph

    2016-09-01

    High sympathetic tone and cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) are associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE). We have shown ranolazine (RAN) improves autonomic function. RAN was introduced to 51 successive anginal CD patients (RANCD). A control group of 54 successive nonanginal CD patients (NORANCD) continued baseline therapy. Mean study duration was 6.1 years, which included semi-annual autonomic function measures (ANX 3.0, ANSAR Medical Technologies, Inc., Philadelphia, PA) and yearly myocardial perfusion SPECT studies (MPI). MACE were experienced by 29% RANCD patients versus 46% NORANCD patients (p = 0.0105). The patients from both groups with abnormal parasympathetic and sympathetic (P&S) measures and MACE totaled 52 of those patients with MACE versus 17% of those patients without MACE (p = 0.0274). Abnormal MPI was demonstrated in 35% of those with abnormal (P&S) measures and MACE versus 12% without MACE. Sympathovagal balance (SB) was lower, indicating higher, relative parasympathetic tone (known to be cardioprotective) in the RANCD group. Acute coronary syndromes occurred 4.5 times as often in NORANCD patients. High SB occur more frequently than abnormal MPI in CD patients experiencing MACE. In addition to increased myocardial blood flow as its proposed mechanism of angina relief, RAN improves P&S measures, a potentially new mechanism whereby RAN improves outcomes.

  10. 1例不稳定型心绞痛患者的药学监护%Pharmaceutical care on a patient with instable angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵维娟; 王金萍; 刘静; 许景峰

    2011-01-01

    One 78-year-old woman with instable angina, hypertension and type Ⅱ diabetes was hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome and received the therapy of distending the coronary artery, anti-platelet, lowering hypertension, etc. Three days later, the patient was treated with the therapy of PCI, and then the situation was stable. Considering the oral nitroglycerin having no effect on the patient, and the hypertension didn't control very well, the hypertension related gene (HRG) was detected. The results showed that the gene type of ALDH was WM (GA) (low activity). Therefore, the pharmacist advised that nitroglycerin should be withdrawn in acute angina pectoris situation because of low sensitivity. Suxiaojiuxinwan could be administrated against angina pectoris attacks.Basing on the low activity of β receptor blocker' s metabolic enzyme, ACE inhibitor (ACEI) and AT1 acceptor blockers (ARBs)could be chosen. The blood pressure and blood glucose were stable and the state was improved markedly according to the rational optimization based on the gene test.%1例78岁女性患者,因不稳定型心绞痛入院治疗,入院时合并有高血压病和2型糖尿病.给予扩张冠状动脉、抗血小板、降压等治疗,并于入院第3天行经皮冠状动脉介入治疗,术后患者情况稳定.针对患者心绞痛发病时舌下含服硝酸甘油症状不能缓解,高血压药物控制血压效果不佳,行乙醛脱氢酶(ALDH)和高血压药物相关基因检测,作为选用和调整药物依据.患者ALDH为WM(GA)型(低活性),其含服硝酸甘油效果差,不能作为急性心绞痛的治疗药,必要时含服速效救心丸;高血压药物相关基因检测显示,患者对β受体阻滞剂的代谢酶活性低,对ACE抑制剂(ACEI)和AT1受体阻断药(ARBs)敏感,可根据具体情况加以选择.经合理优化治疗方案,患者血压及血糖控制稳定,病情好转出院.

  11. CHANGES OF CELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULES AND COMPLEMENT COMPONENT IN SERUM OF PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA%不稳定型心绞痛病人sCAMS与sC5b-9的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立杰; 王红巧

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨不稳定型心绞痛(UA)病人可溶性细胞黏附分子(sCAMS)与可溶性补体激活产物(sC5b-9)水平的变化及其意义.方法 采用ELISA方法 检测36例健康人和110例UA病人血清sCAMS、sC5b-9浓度的变化.结果 UA病人血清可溶性细胞间黏附分子-1(sICAM-1)、可溶性血管细胞间黏附分子-1(sVCAM-1)、sC5b-9浓度明显高于对照组,差异有极显著性(t=4.485~37.314,P<0.001);心绞痛发作时sICAM-1、sVCAM-1、sC5b-9的浓度增高较缓解后更明显(t=5.764~30.638,P<0.001);不同类型的心绞痛病人发作时和缓解后sICAM-1、sVCAM-1、sC5b-9浓度差异也有显著性(F=12.074~709.477,q=3.340~52.308,P<0.05~0.001);自发性心绞痛病人sCAMS、sC5b-9浓度增高较其他类型更明显.心绞痛发作时和缓解后,血清sC5b-9与sICAM-1、sVCAM-1浓度呈正相关(r=0.530~0.703,P<0.001).结论 UA的发生发展与CAMS和sC5b-9浓度变化有密切关系.%Objective To discuss the significance of changes of the levels of soluble cellular adhesion molecules (sCAMS) and complement activation component (sC5b-9) in patients with unstable angina (UA). Methods Using enzyme-linked immu-nosorbent assay (ELISA) , changes of serum levels of sCAMS and sC5b-9 were detected in 110 UA patients and 36 healthy people. Results Levels of soluble intercellular adhesion moleeule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and sC5b-9 in UA patients were significantly higher than that in healthy controls (t=4. 485 - 37. 314,P<0. 001) ; At angina pecto-ris attacks, the elevation of levels of sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and sC5b-9 were more significant than after remission (2 = 5. 764 - 30. 638,P<0. 001). The differences of the above parameters in different type of patients at angina pectoris attacks and at remission were also significant (F=12. 074-709. 477;q=3. 340 - 52. 308;P<0. 05 - 0. 001), especially in those with spontaneous angina pectoris. The level of sC5b-9 was positively

  12. VEGF 165 Gene Therapy for Patients with Refractory Angina: Mobilization of Endothelial Progenitor Cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Clarissa G. [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Plentz, Rodrigo D.M. [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Dipp, Thiago [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Salles, Felipe B. [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Giusti, Imarilde I.; Sant' Anna, Roberto T.; Eibel, Bruna; Nesralla, Ivo A.; Markoski, Melissa [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Beyer, Nance N. [Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Kalil, Renato A. K., E-mail: kalil.pesquisa@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2013-08-15

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) with the capacity for proliferation and differentiation into mature endothelial cells, thus contributing to the angiogenic process. We sought to assess the behavior of EPCs in patients with ischemic heart disease and refractory angina who received an intramyocardial injections of 2000 µg of VEGF 165 as the sole therapy. The study was a subanalysis of a clinical trial. Patients with advanced ischemic heart disease and refractory angina were assessed for eligibility. Inclusion criteria were as follows: signs and symptoms of angina and/or heart failure despite maximum medical treatment and a myocardial ischemic area of at least 5% as assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Exclusion criteria were as follows: age > 65 years, left ventricular ejection fraction < 25%, and a diagnosis of cancer. Patients whose EPC levels were assessed were included. The intervention was 2000 µg of VEGF 165 plasmid injected into the ischemic myocardium. The frequency of CD34+/KDR+ cells was analyzed by flow cytometry before and 3, 9, and 27 days after the intervention. A total of 9 patients were included, 8 males, mean age 59.4 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 59.3% and predominant class III angina. The number of EPCs on day 3 was significantly higher than that at baseline (p = 0.03); however, that on days 9{sup th} and 27{sup th} was comparable to that at baseline. We identified a transient mobilization of EPCs, which peaked on the 3th day after VEGF 165 gene therapy in patients with refractory angina and returned to near baseline levels on 9{sup th} and 27{sup th}days.

  13. VEGF 165 Gene Therapy for Patients with Refractory Angina: Mobilization of Endothelial Progenitor Cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) with the capacity for proliferation and differentiation into mature endothelial cells, thus contributing to the angiogenic process. We sought to assess the behavior of EPCs in patients with ischemic heart disease and refractory angina who received an intramyocardial injections of 2000 µg of VEGF 165 as the sole therapy. The study was a subanalysis of a clinical trial. Patients with advanced ischemic heart disease and refractory angina were assessed for eligibility. Inclusion criteria were as follows: signs and symptoms of angina and/or heart failure despite maximum medical treatment and a myocardial ischemic area of at least 5% as assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Exclusion criteria were as follows: age > 65 years, left ventricular ejection fraction < 25%, and a diagnosis of cancer. Patients whose EPC levels were assessed were included. The intervention was 2000 µg of VEGF 165 plasmid injected into the ischemic myocardium. The frequency of CD34+/KDR+ cells was analyzed by flow cytometry before and 3, 9, and 27 days after the intervention. A total of 9 patients were included, 8 males, mean age 59.4 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 59.3% and predominant class III angina. The number of EPCs on day 3 was significantly higher than that at baseline (p = 0.03); however, that on days 9th and 27th was comparable to that at baseline. We identified a transient mobilization of EPCs, which peaked on the 3th day after VEGF 165 gene therapy in patients with refractory angina and returned to near baseline levels on 9th and 27thdays

  14. Chronic stable angina is associated with lower health-related quality of life: evidence from Chinese patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Wu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL between patients with stable angina and the general population in China and to examine factors associated with HRQoL among patients with stable angina. METHODS: A cross-sectional HRQoL survey of stable angina patients recruited from 4 hospitals (n = 411 and the general population recruited from 3 Physical Examination Centers (n = 549 was conducted from July to December, 2011 in two large cities, Tianjin and Chengdu. HRQoL was assessed using the EQ-5D, EQ-VAS, and SF-6D instruments. The health status specific to patients with stable angina was assessed using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ. Information on socio-demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors were also collected. Nested regressions were performed to explore how these factors were associated with HRQoL in patients with stable angina. RESULTS: Compared with the general population (44.2 ± 10 years, 49.9% females, stable angina patients (68.1 ± 12 years, 50.4% females had significantly lower HRQoL scores in EQ-5D utility index (0.75 ± 0.19 vs. 0.90 ± 0.20, p<0.05, SF-6D utility index (0.68 ± 0.12 vs. 0.85 ± 0.11, p<0.05, and EQ-VAS (71.2 ± 12.3 vs. 83.9 ± 10.9, p<0.05. The differences remained (-0.05 for EQ-5D, -9.27 for EQ-VAS and -0.13 for SF-6D after controlling for socio-economic characteristics. SAQ scores showed that stable angina patients experienced impaired disease-specific health status, especially in angina stability (40.5 ± 34.6. Nested regressions indicated stable angina-specific health status explained most of the variation in HRQoL, among which disease perception, physical limitation, and angina stability were the strongest predictors. More physical exercise and better sleep were positively related with HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the general population, stable angina patients were associated with lower HRQoL and lower health utility scores, which were largely impacted by clinical symptoms

  15. Histopathological examination of specimens removed during directional coronary atherectomy in patients presenting with crescendo angina show mural thrombus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellamy, C M; Grech, E D; Ashworth, M T; Ramsdale, D R

    1993-02-01

    Thrombus formation over a fissured coronary atheromatous plaque has been shown by post mortem histological examination to be the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for myocardial ischaemia in those patients who died following a crescendo pattern of angina. Histological examination of plaques responsible for a crescendo pattern of angina in patients who do not die has not been available until recently. We describe two patients who presented with a crescendo pattern of angina. A new technique of coronary revascularization, directional coronary atherectomy, produced symptomatic relief and resolution of myocardial ischaemia. Histological examination of material from the stenosis responsible for their myocardial ischaemia, obtained using this technique, confirmed thrombus formation overlying a fissured atheromatous plaque.

  16. [A surgical case of angina pectoris with a severe stenosis of Lt. mid-cerebral artery: the usefulness of the monitoring of cerebral blood flow].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayusawa, Y; Endo, M; Nishida, H; Tomizawa, Y; Uwabe, K; Maeda, T; Tei, I; Takiguchi, M; Ishida, T; Koyanagi, H

    1998-08-01

    A 64-year-old male patient had two episodes of transient ischemic attack and a cerebral infarction. Cerebral angiography showed 50% stenosis at the junction of left internal carotid artery and 90% stenosis at left mid-cerebral artery (MCA). Coronary angiography showed two vessel disease with arteriosclerotic change and underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. To prevent intraoperative cerebral infarction, we used brain protect solution just before starting ECC, set perfusion flow around 3 l/min/m2, monitored the flow of left MCA using Transcranial Doppler (TCD) and the saturation of left internal jugular vein (SjO2) continuously. PaCO2 was controlled around 45 mmHg. TCD showed good pulsatile flow, and SjO2 was kept over 60%. The patient recovered consciousness 2 hours after operation in the intensive care unit without paresthesia. We thought the number of open-heart cases with cerebrovascular disease increased, and pulsatile low of ECC by intraaortic balloon pumping and the monitoring of SjO2 are useful for the cases.

  17. Analysis of Curative Effect of Simvastatin in the Treatment of Unstable Angina Pectoris%辛伐他汀治疗不稳定型心绞痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚新

    2014-01-01

    Objective Simvastatin treatment of unstable angina clinical results were evaluated. Methods 120 patients were randomly divided into a control group and the observation group. Changes in two groups of patients before and after treatment LDL cholesterol, ECG and angina time for comparison. Results Efficacy results after treatment showed that patients in the observation group reached 96% of the total efficiency of the control group patients achieved a total ef iciency of 80%, a significant difference was statistical y significant ( <0.05), after treatment LDL cholesterol was observed between the groups compared with the control group, significant dif erence was statistical y significant ( <0.05).Conclusion In the treatment of unstable angina when using simvastatin with ten male significant effect, worthy of promotion and application in clinical practice.%目的对辛伐他汀治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床效果进行评价。方法随机的将120例患者分为对照组以及观察组。对两组患者在治疗前后的各项指标进行比较。结果经过治疗后的疗效比较结果显示,观察组患者达到了96%的总有效率,而对照组患者达到了80%的总有效率,差异显著具有统计学意义(<0.05),在治疗之后,观察组与对照组之间的低密度脂蛋白胆固醇相比较,差异显著具有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论在对不稳定型心绞痛进行治疗的时候采用辛伐他汀具有十分显著的疗效。

  18. Pharmacotherapy of Vasospastic Angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Justin R; Hale, Genevieve M; Dasari, Tarun W; Schwier, Nicholas C

    2016-09-01

    Vasospastic angina is a diagnosis of exclusion that manifests with signs and symptoms, which overlap with obstructive coronary artery disease, most often ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The pharmacotherapy that is available to treat vasospastic angina can help ameliorate angina symptoms. However, the etiology of vasospastic angina is ill-defined, making targeted pharmacotherapy difficult. Most patients receive pharmacotherapy that includes calcium channel blockers and/or long-acting nitrates. This article reviews the efficacy and safety of the pharmacotherapy used to treat vasospastic angina. High-dose calcium channel blockers possess the most evidence, with respect to decreasing angina incidence, frequency, and duration. However, not all patients respond to calcium channel blockers. Nitrates and/or alpha1-adrenergic receptor antagonists can be used in patients who respond poorly to calcium channel blockers. Albeit, evidence for use of nitrates and alpha1-adrenergic receptor antagonists in vasospastic angina is not as robust as calcium channel blockers and can exacerbate adverse effects when added to calcium channel blocker therapy. Despite having a clear benefit in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease, the benefit of beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists, statins, and aspirin remains unclear. More data are needed to elucidate whether or not these agents are beneficial or harmful to patients being treated for vasospastic angina. Overall, the use of pharmacotherapy for the treatment of vasospastic angina should be guided by patient-specific factors, such as tolerability, adverse effects, drug-drug, and drug-disease interactions. PMID:27081186

  19. Efficacy of Enhanced External Counterpulsation in Patients With Chronic Refractory Angina on Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) Angina Class: An Updated Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunmei; Liu, Xiangjuan; Wang, Xiaomeng; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Yun; Ge, Zhiming

    2015-11-01

    A growing number of patients with chronic artery disease suffer from angina, despite the optimal medical management (ie, β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and long-acting nitrates) and revascularization. Currently, enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) therapy has been verified as a noninvasive, safe therapy for refractory angina. The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of EECP in patients with chronic refractory angina according to Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) angina class.We identified systematic literature through MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Clinical Trials Register Database, and the ClinicalTrials. gov Website from 1990 to 2015. Studies were considered eligible if they were prospective and reported data on CCS class before and after EECP treatment. Meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy of EECP therapy by at least 1 CCS angina class improvement, and proportion along with the 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. Statistical heterogeneity was calculated by I statistic and the Q statistic. Sensitivity analysis was addressed to test the influence of trials on the overall pooled results. Subgroup analysis was applied to explore potential reasons for heterogeneity.Eighteen studies were enrolled in our meta-analysis. Pooled analysis showed 85% of patients underwent EECP had a reduction by at least one CCS class (95%CI 0.81-0.88, I = 58.5%, P < 0.001). The proportion of patients enrolled at primarily different studies with chronic heart failure (CHF) improved by at least 1 CCS class was about 84% after EECP (95%CI 0.81-0.88, I = 32.7%, P = 0.1668). After 3 large studies were excluded, the pooled proportion was 82% (95%CI 0.79-0.86, I = 18%, P = 0.2528). Funnel plot indicated that some asymmetry while the Begg and Egger bias statistic showed no publication bias (P = 0.1495 and 0.2859, respectively).Our study confirmed that EECP provided an effective treatment for patients who were unresponsive to medical management and

  20. Optimal treatment of chronic angina in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaur H

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Harjinder Kaur,1 Kully Sandhu,2 Awais Jabbar,3 Azfar G Zaman3,4 1City Hospitals Sunderland, Sunderland, UK; 2University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent, UK; 3Freeman Hospital, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK; 4Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM trebles the risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD; once CAD has developed, the risk of acute coronary syndromes (ACS and clinical risk associated with a coronary event, both double in diabetic patients. Patients with T2DM have more extensive CAD and present at a younger age; therefore, identification and management of chronic angina in these patients presents an opportunity to limit both cardiovascular symptoms and adverse outcomes. This article reviews the role of screening and treatment for chronic angina in patients with T2DM. There is a strong evidence base for modifying lifestyle as a way of reducing adverse cardiovascular outcomes in the diabetic population and this article reviews evidence of lifestyle modification as an important and necessary adjunct to pharmacologic intervention. Management of chronic stable angina is addressed by looking at treatments that reduce ischemic symptoms and those that reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Trials specific to the diabetic population are limited, with information largely obtained from the diabetic subgroup analysis of large intervention trials. The growing diabetic population with increased propensity to cardiovascular disease mandates trials specifically in this patient population. Revascularization in patients with diabetes is associated with more complications than in the non-diabetic population. Recent trials specific to this population suggest surgical revascularization to be associated with better long-term outcomes and therefore, this article reviews the evidence for the optimal mode of revascularization in this population. Keywords: type 2 diabetes

  1. Effects of preinfarction angina on no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣英

    2003-01-01

    Effects of preinfarction angina on no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction@王荣英$河北医科大学第二医院!石家庄050000 0311-70469016011

  2. Comparative Study on the Effects of Small Dose of Aspirin Combined with Ginkgo-damole Injection(银杏达莫注射液) and the Effects of Conventional Dose of Aspirin in Treating Senile Unstable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈学林; 张劲农; 袁杰; 杨彬; 江凌; 刘承云

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic and adverse effect of small dose of aspirin (Asp) (UA). Methods: One hundred and twenty old in-patients of coronary heart disease with UA were randomly divided into two groups. The 60 patients in the treated group were treated with oral administration of enteric soluble 50 mg Asp once a day and GDI 20 ml per day by intravenous dripping, with 14 days as one therapeutic course, while the other 60 in the control group were treated with enteric soluble Asp 100 mg alone once a day orally. Besides, isosorbide-5-mononitrate 20 mg twice a day was applied to both groups, and the β-adrenoceptor blocker, blood lipids regulatory agents and nitroglycerin (10 mg by intravenous dripping) were given accordingly. The angina total improving rate, hemorrheologic indexes (whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, fibrinogen, platelet aggregation rate), comprehensive clinical terminal event and the total occurrence rate of adverse reaction in the two groups were observed. Results: After treatment, comparison between the two groups showed insignificant difference in aspects of angina total improving rate (75.00% vs 65.00 % ), hemorrheological indexes and comprehensive clinical terminal event rate (25.00 % vs 31. 67 % ),P>0.05, and the hemorrheological indexes were improved in both groups ( P<0.05), but the total occurrence rate of adverse reaction in the treated group was lower than that in the control group (6. 67% vs 25.00%), showing significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: In treatment of senile UA, small dose of Asp combined with GDI showed therapeutic effect similar to that of conventional dose of Asp, but it has lower adverse reaction.

  3. [The quality of life of the patient with unstable angina treated by spinal cord electrical stimulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Darder, J M; Vázquez, J L; Canela, P; González Martínez, V

    1990-12-01

    Quality of life was evaluated in patients with unstable angina before and after surgical therapy with spinal cord electrical stimulation (SCES). Overall 12 patients were evaluated, with quantification of the mean weekly number of anginal attacks, the degree of effort provoking them and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The criteria of inclusion in the study were: angina grade IV, resistant to drug therapy and without indication of surgery. The mean follow-up period was 9.8 +/- 8.2 months. A significant reduction in the weekly number of anginal attacks (preoperative 30.9 +/- 14.5; postoperative 9.6 +/- 8.2; p less than 0.01); improvement in functional class (p less than 0.001), and significant improvement (p greater than 0.05) in the pain, energy, sleep, social isolation and emotional reactions areas of NHP were observed. It was concluded that SCES is a useful procedure in patients with unstable angina untreatable by other medical or surgical methods, as it reduces the number of anginal attacks and increases quality of life of the patients without additional risk.

  4. Predictor value of some clinical-biological parameters for the onset of depressive disorder in elderly patients with unstable angina

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Moşuţan; George Săraci; Caius R. Duncea

    2012-01-01

    Abstract. Objective: To evaluate the potential predictor value of some parameters for the onset of depression after an episode of unstableangina in elderly. Material and Methods: We included 103 elderly patients who suffered an acute unstable angina episode. Clinical, laband imagistic data was recorded in the first week after admittance. Six month after unstable angina episode, patients were evaluated for thepresence of depression. Results: Univariate analysis showed statistically significant...

  5. Efficacy evaluation of fluoxetine combined with conventional drug treatment on unstable angina patients complicated with depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Hua Liao

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study the efficacy of fluoxetine combined with conventional drug treatment on unstable angina patients complicated with depression. Methods:120 cases of unstable angina patients with depression were randomly divided into two groups. The anti-depression group received fluoxetine combined with conventional drug therapy; the conventional group received conventional drug therapy. Then contents of monoamine neurotransmitters and their metabolites, antioxidants and inflammatory mediators of both groups were compared. Results:Serum monoamine neurotransmitters NE, 5-HT and HA levels of the anti-depression group were higher than those of the conventional group and metabolites 5-HIAA and HVA contents were lower than those of the conventional group; serum SOD, CAT, GSH and HSP-70 contents of the anti-depression group were higher than those of the conventional group, and hs-CRP, MMP9, MCP1 and HMGB1 contents were lower than those of the conventional group. Conclusion:Fluoxetine combined with conventional drug therapy can increase the contents of monoamine neurotransmitters and antioxidants, and reduce oxidative stress response and inflammatory response; it is an ideal method for treating unstable angina complicated with depression.

  6. Chest pain after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang CC

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Chao-Chien Chang,1–3 Yueh-Chung Chen,4,5 Eng-Thiam Ong,1 Wei-Cheng Chen,1 Chia-Hsiu Chang,1 Kuan-Jen Chen,1 Cheng-Wen Chiang1 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; 2Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; 3Department of Pharmacology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; 4Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei City Hospital Ren-Ai branch, Taipai, Taiwan, ROC; 5Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI has been widely used to treat acute coronary syndrome but is only recommended as an additional treatment to medical therapy and risk modification in patients with refractory or progressing angina. The number of PCI in this patient population is still increasing. Post-PCI chest pain (PPCP is one of the common problems of PCI. Its presentation and causes in patients with stable angina are poorly understood.Patients and methods: This study retrospectively collected clinical information of 167 patients who had stable angina and underwent elective PCI, including 70 patients with PPCP 24 hours after procedure and 97 patients without PPCP. The incidence and predictors of PPCP were analyzed.Results: The incidence of PPCP was 41.9% (70/167. Compared with non-PPCP patients, PPCP patients had more abnormal post-PCI electrocardiogram (ECG changes (new Q-waves, ST-segment shifts, or T-waves inversion and serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI elevation, more PCI vessels, and stent placement (all P<0.05. More PPCP patients required repeat revascularization than non-PPCP patients after PCI (P=0.043. PPCP was correlated with abnormal post-PCI ECG changes (P<0.0001, cTnI elevation (P<0.0001, post-PCI serum level of cTnI (P<0.0001, number of stents placed (P=0.009, and pre-PCI cTnI level (P=0.049. The strongest predictors of

  7. Anti-ischemic intervention as prognosis improvement in patients with coronary artery disease, with special focus on verapamil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, C M

    1996-01-01

    Angina pectoris is a significant risk predictor in patients with atherosclerotic heart disease. The major complications are myocardial infarction, heart failure, and arrhythmias. Plaque rupture turns stable angina pectoris into acute coronary syndrome by provoking platelet aggregation and thereby......, supraventricular arrhythmias are significantly associated with myocardial ischemia and are prevented by verapamil. In patients with atherosclerotic heart diseases, angina pectoris is a significant risk predictor, but anti-ischemic intervention should be considered even in patients in whom the major problem...... dysfunction, and thereby heart failure. In postinfarction patients intervention with verapamil significantly reduced the use of diuretics compared with placebo, indicating that anti-ischemic intervention may prevent heart failure. Ventricular arrhythmias are significantly associated with arrhythmic as well...

  8. Five year prognosis in patients with angina identified in primary care: incident cohort study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Buckley, Brian S

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the risk of acute myocardial infarction, invasive cardiac procedures, and mortality among patients with newly diagnosed angina over five years. DESIGN: Incident cohort study of patients with primary care data linked to secondary care and mortality data. SETTING: 40 primary care practices in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: 1785 patients with a diagnosis of angina as their first manifestation of ischaemic heart disease, 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2001. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adjusted hazard ratios for acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, death from ischaemic heart disease, and all cause mortality, adjusted for demographics, lifestyle risk factors, and comorbidity at cohort entry. RESULTS: Mean age was 62.3 (SD 11.3). Male sex was associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (hazard ratio 2.01, 95% confidence interval 1.35 to 2.97), death from ischaemic heart disease (2.80, 1.73 to 4.53), and all cause mortality (1.82, 1.33 to 2.49). Increasing age was associated with acute myocardial infarction (1.04, 1.02 to 1.06, per year of age increase), death from ischaemic heart disease (1.09, 1.06 to 1.11, per year of age increase), and all cause mortality (1.09, 1.07 to 1.11, per year of age increase). Smoking was associated with subsequent acute myocardial infarction (1.94, 1.31 to 2.89), death from ischaemic heart disease (2.12, 1.32 to 3.39), and all cause mortality (2.11, 1.52 to 2.95). Obesity was associated with death from ischaemic heart disease (2.01, 1.17 to 3.45) and all cause mortality (2.20, 1.52 to 3.19). Previous stroke was associated with all cause mortality (1.78, 1.13 to 2.80) and chronic kidney disease with death from ischaemic heart disease (5.72, 1.74 to 18.79). Men were more likely than women to have coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty after a diagnosis of angina; older people were less likely to

  9. Angina in a diabetic patient: a case of integrated approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Roberto Cosentino

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus, both of type 1 and 2, is an important risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis: in diabetic patients vascular atherosclerotic complications are responsible of approximately 80% of all the deaths. There is no doubt that patients affections originating from diabetes and coronaropathy remain at high risk. For this reason it is essential to adopt an aggressive strategy of secondary prevention. We report a case of a patient with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular diseases: the successful management was due to an integrated approach that involved the general practitioner and cardiologist.

  10. Cardiac arrest after sugammadex administration in a patient with variant angina: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yong Han; Kang, Eunsu; Lee, Byeong-Cheol; Lee, Sujung

    2016-01-01

    A 76-year-old man with no notable medical history was scheduled for a robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. After the operation, he was given sugammadex. Two minutes later, ventricular premature contraction bigeminy began, followed by cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest occurred three times and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was done. The patient recovered after the third cardiopulmonary resuscitation and was transferred to the intensive care unit. Coronary angiography was done on postoperative day 1. The patient was diagnosed with variant angina and discharged uneventfully on postoperative day 8.

  11. Comparison of costs of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary bypass surgery for patients with angina pectoris

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. van Halem; F. van den Brink; P.J. de Feyter (Pim); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); H. Suryapranata (Harry); K.J. Meeter; E. Bos (Egbert); F.J. van Dalen (Frederik); M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractTo determine the costs of a procedure, the total costs of the department that provides the service must be considered and, in addition, the direct cost of the specific procedure. Applying this principle to the cost accounting of angioplasty and bypass surgery results in a direct, i.e. pr

  12. Pharmacological approaches of refractory angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannopoulos, Andreas A; Giannoglou, George D; Chatzizisis, Yiannis S

    2016-07-01

    Refractory angina refers to a group of patients with stable coronary atherosclerotic disease and angina symptoms, unresponsive to traditional medical management, while considered to be suboptimal candidates for revascularization procedures. Up to 15% of angina patients are considered to have refractory angina and, taking into account the aging population and the improvements in the treatment of stable coronary artery disease, the incidence of this entity is expected to increase. This review describes traditional and novel pharmacotherapies for symptoms relief and for long-term management of refractory angina. Mechanisms of action and relevant clinical trials are discussed and current recommendations from major European and US cardiovascular societies are reported.

  13. Significance of silent ischemia in dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy. Evaluation in patients with angina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitaoka, Hiroaki; Takata, Jun; Yamada, Mitsutoshi; Seo, Hiromi; Doi, Yoshinori [Kochi Medical School, Nankoku (Japan)

    1995-07-01

    The significance of silent myocardial ischemia detected by dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy was evaluated in 80 patients with stable angina and reversible defects (RD) but no infarction. The patients consisted of 26 patients with silent RD and 54 patients with painful RD. There was no significant difference in the incidence of coronary risk factors between the two groups, except for hyperlipidemia which was less frequently observed in patients with silent RD than in those with painful RD (8% vs 41%), Coronary angiography revealed a higher prevalence of insignificant lesions or single vessel disease in patients with silent RD than in those with painful RD (73% vs 39%). Dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy revealed a lower degree of RD in patients with silent RD than in those with painful RD (4.4{+-}3.3 vs 9.0{+-}4.1 segments), though there was no significant difference in the localization of RD between these two groups. Treadmill stress testing revealed a lower incidence of chest pain in patients with silent RD than in those with painful RD (26% vs 65%), despite the mean exercise-duration being significantly longer in the former than in the latter (5.5{+-}1.7 vs 3.9{+-}11.7 min). Although initial percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and/or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were less frequently performed in patients with silent RD than in those with painful RD (12% vs 31%), there was no significant difference in the cardiac event rate during the mean follow-up period of 24{+-}14 months between the two groups. Patients with stable angina and silent RD on dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy may have less extensive coronary lesions and smaller amounts of ischemic myocardium than patients with painful RD. Dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy is useful for detecting and evaluating silent myocardial ischemia, even in those patients who cannot exercise adequately. (J.P.N.).

  14. Evaluation of the add-on effect of chinese patent medicine for patients with stable or unstable angina: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Chen; Chung, Vincent C H; Yuan, Jin-Qiu; Yu, Yuan-Yuan; Yang, Zu-Yao; Wu, Xin-Yin; Tang, Jin-Ling

    2013-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used as an adjunct to western medicine in treating angina in China. We carried out this systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of CHM on top of western medicine for angina. This meta-analysis included 46 randomized control trials with 4212 patients. For trials that included stable angina patients, the CHM group had significant lower incidence of total heart events (relative risk (RR) = 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33-0.78), myocardial infarction (RR = 0.32, 95% CI 0.14-0.72), heart failure (RR = 0.37, 95% CI 0.15-0.91), and angina (RR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.30-0.71) than that of control group. For trials that included unstable angina patients, CHM led to significantly lower occurrence of total heart events (RR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.32-0.66), myocardial infarction (RR = 0.37, 95% CI 0.26-0.54), and angina (RR = 0.36, 95%CI 0.26-0.51). Likewise, for trials that included stable or unstable angina patients, the rates of myocardial infarction (RR = 0.34, 95% CI 0.17-0.68) and angina (RR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.30-0.70) in CHM group were significantly lower than that in control group. In conclusion, CHM is very likely to be able to improve the survival of angina patients who are already receiving western medicine. PMID:24416066

  15. Forsinkelse fra symptomdebut til ankomst på hospital blandt 5.978 patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, M M; Køber, L; Jørgensen, S;

    1998-01-01

    with male gender, increased age, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular systolic function (wall motion index), onset from midnight to 6 a.m., onset on a weekday, history of angina pectoris, chest pain as initial symptom, ventricular fibrillation or-tachycardia, Killip class > or = 3, presence of ST......-elevation and ST-depressions. In conclusion, patient delay continues to be disappointingly long. This also applies to patients with a high risk of acute myocardial infarction (notably history of diabetes mellitus and angina pectoris). Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Mar-9...

  16. Observer variability in the evaluation of dual-isotope Tl-201/Tc-99m sestamibi rest/stress myocardial perfusion SPECT in men and women with known or suspected stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Allan; Høilund-Carlsen, Poul Flemming; Christensen, Henrik Wulff;

    2004-01-01

    with known or suspected stable angina who were studied before coronary angiography. A 1-day thallium 201/technetium 99m sestamibi rest/stress MPI protocol was used. MPI was interpreted by 2 independent observers without knowledge of clinical data, using a 20-segment scoring model. By consensus, the overall...

  17. Effects on costs of frontline diagnostic evaluation in patients suspected of angina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene H; Olsen, Jens; Markenvard, John;

    2012-01-01

    associated with downstream diagnostic utilization (DTU), treatment, ambulatory visits, and hospitalizations were registered. There was no difference between cohorts in demographic characteristics or the pre-test probability of significant CAD. The mean (SD) age was 56 (11) years; 52% were men; and 96% were......AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate in patients with stable angina the effects on costs of frontline diagnostics by exercise-stress testing (ex-test) vs. coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). METHODS AND RESULTS: In two coronary units at Lillebaelt Hospital, Denmark, 498...... patients were identified in whom either ex-test (n = 247) or CTA (n = 251) were applied as the frontline diagnostic strategy in symptomatic patients with a low-intermediate pre-test probability of coronary artery disease (CAD). During 12 months of follow-up, death, myocardial infarction and costs...

  18. Psychophysical rehabilitation aspects of patient with coronary heart disease and Angina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Ali Khaleel.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It is analyzed scientific and methodological literature, considered the views of scientists on the link of stress and cardiovascular diseases. It is determined causes of stress, with recommendations for combating stress and its prevention. A program of rehabilitation for patients with coronary artery disease after hospital discharge is shown. The experiment involved 88 patients of coronary heart disease and angina, II and III functional class at the age of 40-65 years. Participants were divided into two groups the main and control. The control group performed a program of physical rehabilitation, including breathing and physical exercises, in the program we have added to the main group autogenic exercises. At the end the experiment revealed that the health indicators of main group better than the control group in 23%.

  19. INFLUENCE OF MILDRONATE ON EFFICIENCY OF ANTIANGINAL THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH STABLE BURDEN ANGINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. P. Kutishenko

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study influence of mildronate (M on treatment efficiency of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD, receiving standard antianginal therapy (AATMaterials and methods. Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was carried out in parallel groups. All patients continued the earlier prescribed AAT without changes. After control period (10-14 days was over, randomization of patients either to the treatment group (M 500mg twice per day, or to the control group (placebo (Pl twice per day was made for 6 weeks therapy. Criterion of treatment efficiency: increase in duration of trial with burden on treadmill (TB, decrease in angina attack frequency (AA and reduction in nitroglycerin taking (NTT. TB was carried out at the beginning (TB-1, at the end of the control period (TB-2, and at the end of the treatment (TB-3.Results. TB-1 and TB-2 had good reproducibility, their duration didn’t differ. At the end of the treatment additionally with M, growth in duration of TB-3 (p=0,002 was registered, while there was no growth of TB duration with the Pl treatment (p=0,07. During the treatment decrease in AA number both with M (p=0,002, and with Pl (p=0,02 was noted. With M treatment decrease in NTT treatment (p=0.02 was observed, while NTT with Pl didn’t change (p=0,7. Number of side effects, registered with M and Pl, didn’t differ.Conclusion. Mildronate provides additional benefits for patients with IHD with stable burden angina, when they do not reach desired effect with the prescribed AAT.

  20. Reduction of recurrent ischemia with abciximab during continuous ECG-ischemia monitoring in patients with unstable angina refractory to standard treatment (CAPTURE)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Meij (Simon); R. Melkert (Rein); T. Lenderink (Timo); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); A.P.J. Klootwijk (Peter)

    1998-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: In the CAPTURE (c7E3 Fab Anti Platelet Therapy in Unstable REfractory angina) trial, 1265 patients with refractory unstable angina were treated with abciximab or placebo, in addition to standard treatment from 16 to 24 hours preceding coronary intervention t

  1. STIMULATION CHARACTERISTICS, COMPLICATIONS, AND EFFICACY OF SPINAL-CORD STIMULATION SYSTEMS IN PATIENTS WITH REFRACTORY ANGINA - A PROSPECTIVE FEASIBILITY STUDY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DEJONGSTE, MJL; NAGELKERKE, D; HOOYSCHUUR, CM; JOURNEE, HL; MEYLER, PWJ; STAAL, MJ; DEJONGE, P; LIE, KI

    1994-01-01

    Objectives: In a prospective study with a 1-year follow-up we evaluated: (1) the feasibility of a method for the adjustment of spinal cord stimulator (SCS) parameters, (2) complications of SCS, and (3) efficacy of SCS. Methods: In patients receiving an SCS for severe angina unresponsive to standard

  2. Increased vital exhaustion among type-D patients with ischemic heart disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pedersen, SS; Middel, B

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of the "distressed personality" (type-D) in cardiac patients and to explore the relationships between type-D, gender, vital exhaustion and angina pectoris. Methods: A questionnaire was completed by 171 patients scheduled for coronary angiography (CAG) at base

  3. Risk stratification of patients suspected of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Møller; Voss, Mette; Hansen, Vibeke B;

    2012-01-01

    To compare the performance of five risk models (Diamond-Forrester, the updated Diamond-Forrester, Morise, Duke, and a new model designated COronary Risk SCORE (CORSCORE) in predicting significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with chest pain suggestive of stable angina pectoris....

  4. Stable angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Coronary angiography Blood cholesterol profile ECG Exercise tolerance test (stress test or treadmill test) Nuclear medicine ( ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Angina Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  5. Unstable angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... pressure High LDL cholesterol Low HDL cholesterol Male gender Sedentary lifestyle (not getting enough exercise) Obesity Older ... Seek medical attention if you have new, unexplained chest pain or pressure. If you have had angina before, call your health ...

  6. Nitric Oxide Synthetic Pathway in Patients with Microvascular Angina and Its Relations with Oxidative Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetta Porro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A decreased nitric oxide (NO bioavailability and an increased oxidative stress play a pivotal role in different cardiovascular pathologies. As red blood cells (RBCs participate in NO formation in the bloodstream, the aim of this study was to outline the metabolic profile of L-arginine (Arg/NO pathway and of oxidative stress status in RBCs and in plasma of patients with microvascular angina (MVA, investigating similarities and differences with respect to coronary artery disease (CAD patients or healthy controls (Ctrl. Analytes involved in Arg/NO pathway and the ratio of oxidized and reduced forms of glutathione were measured by LC-MS/MS. The arginase and the NO synthase (NOS expression were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining. RBCs from MVA patients show increased levels of NO synthesis inhibitors, parallel to that found in plasma, and a reduction of NO synthase expression. When summary scores were computed, both patient groups were associated with a positive oxidative score and a negative NO score, with the CAD group located in a more extreme position with respect to Ctrl. This finding points out to an impairment of the capacity of RBCs to produce NO in a pathological condition characterized mostly by alterations at the microvascular bed with no significant coronary stenosis.

  7. Bradycardiac angina: haemodynamic aspects and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, P B; Ikram, H; Maini, R N; Makey, A R; Kirkham, J S

    1969-01-11

    A patient with a sinus bradycardia and angina is described who was unable to increase his heart rate on vigorous exercise by more than a few beats. His severe angina was attributed to the bradycardia. Atrial pacing of his heart abolished his angina and increased his exercise tolerance. Circulatory changes at rest, on exertion, and with atrial pacing are described. The cause of angina in this patient is discussed.

  8. Evaluation of the Add-On Effect of Chinese Patent Medicine for Patients with Stable or Unstable Angina: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Mao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicine (CHM has been widely used as an adjunct to western medicine in treating angina in China. We carried out this systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of CHM on top of western medicine for angina. This meta-analysis included 46 randomized control trials with 4212 patients. For trials that included stable angina patients, the CHM group had significant lower incidence of total heart events (relative risk (RR=0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI 0.33–0.78, myocardial infarction (RR=0.32, 95% CI 0.14–0.72, heart failure (RR=0.37, 95% CI 0.15–0.91, and angina (RR=0.46, 95% CI 0.30–0.71 than that of control group. For trials that included unstable angina patients, CHM led to significantly lower occurrence of total heart events (RR=0.46, 95% CI 0.32–0.66, myocardial infarction (RR=0.37, 95% CI 0.26–0.54, and angina (RR=0.36, 95%CI 0.26–0.51. Likewise, for trials that included stable or unstable angina patients, the rates of myocardial infarction (RR=0.34, 95% CI 0.17–0.68 and angina (RR=0.46, 95% CI 0.30–0.70 in CHM group were significantly lower than that in control group. In conclusion, CHM is very likely to be able to improve the survival of angina patients who are already receiving western medicine.

  9. Evaluation of the Add-On Effect of Chinese Patent Medicine for Patients with Stable or Unstable Angina: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Mao; Vincent C H Chung; Jin-Qiu Yuan; Yuan-Yuan Yu; Zu-Yao Yang; Xin-Yin Wu; Jin-Ling Tang

    2013-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used as an adjunct to western medicine in treating angina in China. We carried out this systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of CHM on top of western medicine for angina. This meta-analysis included 46 randomized control trials with 4212 patients. For trials that included stable angina patients, the CHM group had significant lower incidence of total heart events (relative risk (RR) = 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33–0.78), myocar...

  10. The Relationship Between Ankle-Brachial Index and Number of Involved Coronaries in Patients with Stable Angina

    OpenAIRE

    Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Tavasoli, Aliakbar; Roohafza, Hamidreza; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of vascular disease which can involve peripheral and/or cardiac vessels. This study was conducted to evaluate the possible link between Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) and coronary vessel involvement in patients with stable angina. METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 on 120 individuals who were hospitalized in Chamran Heart Center and underwent coronary angiography. A questionnaire was completed to obtain demographic informatio...

  11. Randomised placebo controlled multicentre trial to assess short term clarithromycin for patients with stable coronary heart disease: CLARICOR trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Christian M; Als-Nielsen, Bodil; Damgaard, Morten;

    2005-01-01

    Copenhagen University cardiology departments and a coordinating centre. PARTICIPANTS: 13,702 patients aged 18 to 85 years who had a discharge diagnosis of myocardial infarction or angina pectoris in 1993-9 and alive in August 1999 were invited by letter; 4373 were randomised. INTERVENTIONS: Two weeks...

  12. Randomised placebo controlled multicentre trial to assess short term clarithromycin for patients with stable coronary heart disease: CLARICOR trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, CM; Als-Nielsen, B; Damgaard, M;

    2006-01-01

    Copenhagen University cardiology departments and a coordinating centre. PARTICIPANTS: 13,702 patients aged 18 to 85 years who had a discharge diagnosis of myocardial infarction or angina pectoris in 1993-9 and alive in August 1999 were invited by letter; 4373 were randomised. INTERVENTIONS: Two weeks...

  13. Observation on curative effects of low molecular weight heparin of prolongable curative course on treating unstable angina pectoris%低分子肝素延长疗程治疗不稳定型心绞痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡亚力; 苏珍; 白洪雁; 苏晓燕; 刘怡

    2001-01-01

    目的:观察低分子肝素延长疗程治疗不稳定型心绞痛的疗效。方法:同期入院的不稳定型心绞痛患者168例,随机分为2组,均在常规治疗基础上应用低分子肝素(立迈青)皮下注射,每日2次。A组应用1周,B组应用3周,第1周用量2组均为每次120 IU/kg,第2~3周B组用量每次100 IU/kg。结果:早期(第7日)观察2组总有效率分别为75.9%、77.4%,疗效无显著差异(P>0.05);心血管意外事件(急性心肌梗死、心脏性或非心脏性死亡、药物无法控制病情需行急性血运重建术)及出血,在2组的发生率无显著差异(P>0.05) 。晚期(第8~30日)观察2组总有效率分别为87.2%、97.5%,有显著性差异(P0.05) 。结论:低分子肝素延长疗程治疗不稳定型心绞痛疗效较短程应用疗效为好,且不增加出血发生率。%Objective:To observe the curative effect of low molecular weight heparin of prolongable curative course on treating unstable angina pectoris.Methods:One hundred and sixtyeight cases with unstable angina pectoris who were admitted into hospital at the same period were randomly divided into two groups.Both groups were subcutaneously injected by low molecular weight heparin combined with conventional therapy,two times a day for one week in group A and three weeks in group B respectively.In the first week,the dosage of heparin in group A and B was 120 IU/kg every time,from second to third week,the dosage of heparin in group B was 100 IU/kg every time.Results:The total effective rates in group A and group B were 75.9% and 77.4% respectively in early stage (seventh day),and the difference was not significant (P>0.05).The incidences of cardiovascular accidental events (acute myocardial infarction,cardiac death,uncardiac death,the illness which could not be controlled by the medicine and should be treated with acute reconstruction of blood circulation) and haemorrhage in both groups had not significantly different

  14. Deep Vein Thrombosis, Raynaud's Phenomenon, and Prinzmetal Angina in a Patient with Glanzmann Thrombasthenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Nurden

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with Glanzmann thrombasthenia fail to form large platelet thrombi due to mutations that affect the biosynthesis and/or function of the αIIbβ3 integrin. The result is a moderate to severe bleeding syndrome. We now report unusual vascular behaviour in a 55-year-old woman with classic type I disease (with no platelet αIIbβ3 expression and a homozygous ITGA2B missense mutation (E324K affecting the terminal β-propeller domain of αIIb. While exhibiting classic bleeding symptoms as a child, in later life this woman first developed deep vein thrombosis after a long air flight then showed vascular problems characteristic of Raynaud’s phenomenon, and finally this year she presented with chest pains suggestive of coronary heart disease. Yet while coronary angiography first showed a stenosis, this was not seen on a second examination when she was diagnosed with coronary spastic angina and Prinzmetal phenomenon. It is significant that the absence of platelet aggregation with physiologic agonists had not prevented any of the above cardiovascular or vascular diseases.

  15. CASE OF DIAGNOSIS OF APICAL FORM OF HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY WITH A PATIENT WITH PROGRESSIVE ANGINA CLINIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Krylova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective of work: to describe the apical form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AFHC developing under the "mask" of the ischemic heart disease not diagnosed for a long period.Materials and methods. Patient B., 73 y.o., female, was brought to the cardiology department with complains of severe pressing pain behind the breastbone caused with no apparent reason and lasting for over 4 hours. The following examination of the patient was performed: electrocardiography (ECG, echocardiography (EchoCG, Holter ECG monitoring, coronary angiography (CAG, ventriculography.Results. The final diagnosis for the patient was set on the basis of the following readings: ECG data (basic rhythm – atrial fibrillation, left ventricle (LV hypertrophy, negative T-waves in leads V1–6, ST segment depression up to 1–2 mm in leads V4–6, EchoCG (hypertrophy of apical segments of the LV with decreasing of its cavity, moderate dilatation of the left atrium, intraventricular obstruction in the apical third of the LV with the maximum pressure gradient of up to 48 mm Hg., CAG (stenotic lesions of coronary arteries were found, ventriculography (LV volume is not increased, no violations of local contractility, narrowing of the LV cavity in the lower third is observed with thinning in the apex, which indicatesexpressed apical hypertrophy of the LV myocard. AFHC, apical form with moderate obstruction in the lower third of the left ventricle. Stress angina syndrome. CAG and ventriculography were main diagnostic methods that allowed setting the final diagnosis.Conclusion. The clinical case sets forth the peculiarities of diagnostics, therapy, and post-therapy management of patients with this form of AFHC.

  16. CASE OF DIAGNOSIS OF APICAL FORM OF HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY WITH A PATIENT WITH PROGRESSIVE ANGINA CLINIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Krylova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective of work: to describe the apical form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AFHC developing under the "mask" of the ischemic heart disease not diagnosed for a long period.Materials and methods. Patient B., 73 y.o., female, was brought to the cardiology department with complains of severe pressing pain behind the breastbone caused with no apparent reason and lasting for over 4 hours. The following examination of the patient was performed: electrocardiography (ECG, echocardiography (EchoCG, Holter ECG monitoring, coronary angiography (CAG, ventriculography.Results. The final diagnosis for the patient was set on the basis of the following readings: ECG data (basic rhythm – atrial fibrillation, left ventricle (LV hypertrophy, negative T-waves in leads V1–6, ST segment depression up to 1–2 mm in leads V4–6, EchoCG (hypertrophy of apical segments of the LV with decreasing of its cavity, moderate dilatation of the left atrium, intraventricular obstruction in the apical third of the LV with the maximum pressure gradient of up to 48 mm Hg., CAG (stenotic lesions of coronary arteries were found, ventriculography (LV volume is not increased, no violations of local contractility, narrowing of the LV cavity in the lower third is observed with thinning in the apex, which indicatesexpressed apical hypertrophy of the LV myocard. AFHC, apical form with moderate obstruction in the lower third of the left ventricle. Stress angina syndrome. CAG and ventriculography were main diagnostic methods that allowed setting the final diagnosis.Conclusion. The clinical case sets forth the peculiarities of diagnostics, therapy, and post-therapy management of patients with this form of AFHC.

  17. Direct intramyocardial mesenchymal stromal cell injections in patients with severe refractory angina - one year follow-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haack-Sørensen, Mandana; Friis, Tina; Mathiasen, Anders B;

    2013-01-01

    Aims: In patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and refractory angina we performed direct intra-myocardial injections of autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and followed the safety and efficacy of the treatment for 12 months. Methods and Results: A total of 31 patients with st...... follow-up demonstrated, that it was safe to culture expand MSCs and use the cells for clinical treatment. The patients maximal metabolic equivalent (MET) during exercise increased from 4.23 MET at baseline to 4.72 MET at 12 months follow-up (p...

  18. Clinical Observation of Sugar-free Particle of Rhodobryum giganteum in Treatment Angina of Diabetic Patients with Coronary Heart Disease%回心草无糖颗粒对糖尿病合并冠心病心绞痛的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡鹰; 赵宁志; 张丽玲; 王爱萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of sugar-free particle of Rhodobryum giganteum in treatment angina of diabetic patients with coronary heart disease. Method: A randomized double-blind method was used, 105 patients were divided into two groups, and respectively treated with Huixin grass sugar-free particles (66 cases in treatment group) and musk heart-protecting pill (36 patients in control group) , the change was observed on angina pain, electrocardiograph (ECG), stop or reduction rate nitroglycerin. Result; The efficiency of treatment group was 92. 4% in curing angina and 89. 7% in control group. There was no significant difference between treatment and control groups. Electrocardiogram efficiency in the treatment group was 57. 6% and the control group was 43. 6% ( P < 0. 05 ) . Reduction rate of nitroglycerin was 83. 3% in treatment group and the control group was 79.5%. Conclusion; The sugar-free particle of R. giganteum of angina pectoris has a good effect in treating angina of diabetic patients with coronary heart disease ( ECG improved more significantly).%目的:观察回心草无糖颗粒治疗糖尿病合并冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效.方法:采用随机双盲对照方法,将105例糖尿病合并冠心病心绞痛病人分为两组:回心草无糖颗粒组(治疗组,15 g/包,2次/d,每次1包,冲服,66例)和麝香保心丸组(对照组,3次/d,每次2丸,口服,36例).观察两组心绞痛发作频次、心电图、硝酸甘油停减率的变化.结果:心绞痛缓解总有效率:治疗组92.4%、对照组89.7%;心电图好转总有效率:治疗组57.6%、对照组43.6%(P<0.05);硝酸甘油停减率:治疗组83.3%、对照组79.5%.结论:回心草无糖颗粒对糖尿病合并冠心病心绞痛病人有效,疗效与麝香保心丸相当(心电图好转更明显).

  19. The pro- and anti-inflammatory markers in patients with acute myocardial infarction and chronic stable angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojakowski, Wojciech; Maslankiewicz, Katarzyna; Ochala, Andrzej; Wyderka, Rafal; Zuk-Popiolek, Izabela; Flak, Zbigniew; Mroz, Iwona; Tendera, Michal

    2004-08-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the plasma levels of VEGF and interleukin-10 in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable chronic angina (SA) and correlate the values with traditional CHD risk factors, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and established inflammatory marker hsCRP. Fifty patients with AMI and 30 with SA were enrolled. IL-10 levels in AMI patients were lower than in SA patients (9.81 +/- 5.0 versus 22.63 +/- 8.38 pg/ml, p 40% and Killip class I-II (338.8 +/- 51.59 versus 271.8 +/- 50.51 pg/ml; p 6 h versus inflamatory markers and CHD risk factors and the function of the left ventricle on admission.

  20. Predictive value of local and core laboratory echocardiographic assessment of cardiac function in patients with chronic stable angina: The ACTION study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.M. Dart (Anthony); J.E. Otterstad (Jan Erik); B.A. Kirwan (Bridget Anne); J.D. Parker (John); S. de Brouwer (Sophie); P. Poole-Wilson (Philip); J. Lubsen (Jacobus)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractAims: To evaluate the relationship between echocardiographic cardiac function and outcome in patients with stable symptomatic angina. Methods: Baseline echo left ventricular ejection fraction and volume data measured in a central laboratory was available for 7016 patients (92% of the tot

  1. Prognostic significance of endothelial dysfunction in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in the era of drug-eluting stents

    OpenAIRE

    KUBO, Motoki; Miyoshi, Toru; Oe, Hiroki; Ohno, Yuko; Nakamura, Kazufumi; Ito,Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Background Endothelial function is a prognostic predictor in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, in an era with widespread use of drug-eluting stents, the clinical relevance of endothelial dysfunction on restenosis in patients undergoing PCI has not been fully evaluated. Methods This study included 80 patients with stable angina pectoris. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery was examined 1 week after PCI. Patients were retrospectively followed...

  2. Verapamil and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with coronary artery disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, J F; Tingsted, L; Rasmussen, Verner;

    1996-01-01

    Verapamil is effective as antianginal medication but contraindicated in patients with congestive heart failure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors improve survival in patients with congestive heart failure but have limited effect on patients with angina pectoris. No studies have been.......4 to 2.5 +/- 0.6 (p attacks were both significantly reduced after 3 months of treatment. These findings support the hypothesis that the combination of verapamil and trandolapril is useful in patients with attenuated left ventricular function...

  3. Inadequate medical treatment of patients with coronary artery disease by primary care physicians in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Bischoff, Bernhard; Silber, Sigmund; Richartz, Barbara M.; Pieper, Lars; Klotsche, Jens; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    Aims: The DETECT study was performed to obtain representative data about the frequency, distribution, and treatment of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in the primary care setting in Germany. Methods and results: The DETECT study was a cross–sectional clinical– epidemiological survey of a nationally representative sample of 3795 primary care offices and 55 518 patients. Overall, 12.4% of patients were diagnosed with CAD. Stable angina pectoris and myocardial infarction were the...

  4. Role of multi-slice CT coronary angiography in evaluating the different patterns of coronary artery disease in patients with unstable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamal Eldine M. Niazi

    2015-09-01

    Conclusion: Non-invasive multi-slice CT coronary angiography is a reliable technique of high ability to detect coronary artery disease and estimate the degree of obstruction, number of affected arteries and the pattern of their affection and can be used in workup in patients with unstable angina.

  5. CLINICAL EFFECT OF TESTOSTERONE IN MEN WITH STABLE ANGINA

    OpenAIRE

    A. Ya. Kravchenko; V. M. Provotorov

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To study efficacy of testosterone undecanoate (TU) therapy in men with stable angina and androgen deficiency.Material and methods. The serum testosterone level was detected in 247 men (aged 51,6±1,8 y.o.) with stable effort angina. 60 patients with androgen deficiency additionally to basic angina therapy received TU (120-160 mg daily). 54 patients with androgen deficiency (control group) received only basic angina therapy. Dynamics of clinical and ECG manifestations of myocardial ischemi...

  6. Rationale and design of the Randomized Evaluation of patients with Stable angina Comparing Utilization of noninvasive Examinations (RESCUE) trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stillman, Arthur E; Gatsonis, Constantine; Lima, João A C; Black, William C; Cormack, Jean; Gareen, Ilana; Hoffmann, Udo; Liu, Tao; Mavromatis, Kreton; Schnall, Mitchell D; Udelson, James E; Woodard, Pamela K

    2016-09-01

    RESCUE is a phase III, randomized, controlled, multicenter, comparative efficacy study, designed to compare two diagnostic imaging/treatment paradigms that use coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) or single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT MPI) for assisting in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease in patients with stable angina symptoms, and guiding subsequent treatment. The study is based on the hypothesis that CCTA as a diagnostic tool is associated with no increase in cardiac risk, decreased cost, and reduced radiation exposure compared with SPECT MPI. The RESCUE trial was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) Fund for Imaging Innovation, began in 2011, and completed in 2014. PMID:27595676

  7. Tratamento de angina mesentérica em pacientes com arterite de Takayasu Treatment of mesenteric angina in patients with Takayasu's arteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Thayse Barros de Lima

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Aarterite de Takayasu (AT é uma doença inflamatória crônica do tecido conectivo, idiopática, que acomete preferencialmente a aorta e seus ramos. A terapêutica utilizada baseia-se sobretudo no uso de corticosteroides e imunossupressores. É relatado o caso de uma paciente, 33 anos, com mal-estar, febre, mialgia, cefaleia intensa, pulsátil, holocraniana, resistente a analgésicos, hipertensão arterial sistêmica de difícil controle, claudicação no membro inferior direito e dor abdominal de forte intensidade, a qual piorava após a alimentação. A angiotomografia revelou aneurisma da aorta ascendente, estenose da artéria ilíaca comum direita, estenose das artérias renais e estenose da artéria mesentérica superior, fato que embasou o diagnóstico de angina mesentérica e a conduta intervencionista através da angioplastia transluminal percutânea múltipla com a colocação de stents.Takayasu's arteritis (TA is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease of the connective tissue that affects mainly the aorta and its branches. Treatment is mainly based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. We report the case of a 33-year-old female complaining of malaise, fever, myalgia, severe pulsing holocranial headache resistant to analgesics, systemic arterial hypertension hard to control, right lower limb claudication, and severe abdominal pain that worsened after the meals. Angiotomography revealed aneurysm of the ascending aorta, and stenosis of the following vessels: right common iliac artery, renal arteries, and superior mesenteric artery. Those findings supported the diagnosis of mesenteric angina and the interventional approach by use of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent placement.

  8. 穴位敷贴治疗稳定型心绞痛的临床随机对照试验文献质量评价%Quality Evaluation of Randomized Controlled Trials in the Treatment of Point Application Therapy for Stable Angina Pectoris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲霖; 张洁; 李德华; 赵凌; 梁繁荣

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价穴位敷贴治疗稳定型心绞痛的临床随机对照试验研究的文献质量。方法:检索PubMed、Cochrane图书馆、Clinical trials、MEDLINE等英文数据库,以及WanFang Data (1990~2013年)、CBM(1990~2013年)、CNKI(1990~2013年)、VIP(1990~2013年)等中文数据库。筛选、纳入符合标准的研究,并对纳入研究的质量(包括研究的方法学质量、诊断标准、纳入标准、排除标准、干预措施、疗效评价标准、终点指标、不良反应等)进行评价。结果:共纳入9篇随机对照试验, Jadad评分为低质量研究(I<3分)。9篇研究有明确的诊断标准,4篇研究有较完整的纳入、排除标准,2篇研究有明确的疗效评价标准,3篇研究报道了不良反应。结论:有限的纳入文献显示,穴位敷贴治疗稳定型心绞痛的文献整体质量偏低,缺乏高质量的临床研究。%Objective:To evaluate the quality of randomized controlled trials on treatment of point application therapy for stable angina pectoris ( SAP) .Methods:We performed an extensive literature search in four English medical databases which were PubMed,Cochrane Library,Clinical trials and MEDLINE,and four Chinese medi-cal databases that were WanFang Data ( 1990 -2013 ) , CBM ( 1990 -2013 ) , CNKI ( 1990 -2013 ) and VIP (1990-2013)for randomized controlled trials(RCTs).The appropriate RCTs in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria were included.We evaluated the quality of the included trials,containing methodological qual-ity,diagnostic criteria,inclusion and exclusion criteria,intervention measures,curative effect evaluation stand-ards,endpoint criteria and adverse effects.Results:Our literature search identified 10 RCTs relevant to point ap-plication therapy for SAP.But the 10 studies were of low quality according to the Jadad scale (I<3).The in-cluded studies had clear diagnostic criteria;4 trials had integrated inclusion

  9. Heart shaking transitions - A phenomenological-hermeneutic study of patients´ experiences in cardiac rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonÿ, Charlotte; Dreyer, Pia; Pedersen, Birthe D.;

    angina pectoris or non-St-elevation myocardial infarction experience their life situation. Methods. Within a phenomenological-hermeneutic frame a qualitative design was chosen. Introductory field observations were made. Focus group interviews and individual interviews were conducted with 11 patients...... enrolled in the cardiac rehabilitation programme. The data underwent interpretation consisting of three phases: naïve reading, structural analysis and comprehensive interpretation. Results. The preliminary findings are that the patients go through a Heart Shaking Journey in Cardiac Rehabilitation. Three...

  10. The influence of hypertension on in-hospital outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Davor Miličić; Bojan Jelaković; Zrinka Ivanuša; Mario Ivanuša

    2009-01-01

    Aim To examine the differences in the frequency of risk factors,clinical presentations on admission and in-hospital outcome in hypertensiveand normotensive patients treated for acute myocardialinfarction (AMI).Methods In hypertensive and normotensive patients with AMI weretrospectively analyzed risk factors (age, gender, smoking habits,diabetes, blood lipids, history of angina pectoris, previous myocardialinfarction, previous stroke and family history of atherothromboticdisease), admission Ki...

  11. Study on effect of early intensive lipid-lowering therapy on exercise tolerance in patients with stable angina%早期强化降脂对稳定型心绞痛患者运动耐量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继锋; 陈少婉; 黄广军

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨早期强化降脂对稳定型劳力型心绞痛患者运动耐量的影响。方法随机将180例入选稳定性劳力型心绞痛患者分为两组:对照组90例在常规抗心绞痛治疗基础上每晚睡前口服阿托伐他汀10 mg;治疗组90例在常规抗心绞痛治疗基础上每晚睡前口服阿托伐他汀40 mg,共12周。治疗前后均行运动平板试验和6分钟步行试验(6MWT)。观察服药前后每周心绞痛发作的次数、运动诱发心绞痛发作所需时间、记录运动持续时间、运动后ST段下降≥1 mm 所需时间、6MWT距离。结果两组患者治疗后运动诱发心绞痛发作所需时间、诱发ST段下降≥1 mm所需时间均较治疗前明显延长,运动持续时间增加,6MWT距离明显增加,治疗前后比较差异有统计学意义( P <0.05或P <0.01)。而治疗组各临床指标均显著优于对照组( P <0.05)。结论早期强化降脂治疗能明显改善稳定性劳力型心绞痛患者的临床症状,减轻运动诱发的心肌缺血,还能提高心绞痛患者的运动耐量。%Objective To explore the effect of early intensive lipid-lowering therapy on stability of exercise tolerance in patients with la-borious angina. Methods A total of 180 cases of laborious angina were randomly divided into two groups,90 cases in control group were treated on the basis of conventional anti-angina treatment every night with 10 mg atorvastatin before going to bed,and 90 cases in trial group were treated on the basis of conventional anti-angina treatment with oral atorvastatin 40 mg every night before going to bed,and the therapeutic course was 12 weeks. Athletic flat test and 6 minutes walk test(6MWT)were performed before and after treatment. The attack times of angina pectoris in each week were observed before and after medication,the duration of movement needed for inducing angina after exercise had been recorded. The in-duced decline of ST segment greater

  12. Virtual histology study of atherosclerotic plaque composition in patients with stable angina and acute phase of acute coronary syndromes without ST segment elevation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanović Miloš

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Rupture of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques is the cause of most acute coronary syndromes (ACS. Postmortem studies which compared stable coronary lesions and atherosclerotic plaques in patients who have died because of ACS indicated high lipid-core content as one of the major determinants of plaque vulnerability. Objective. Our primary goal was to assess the potential relations of plaque composition determined by IVUS-VH (Intravascular Ultrasound - Virtual Histology in patients with stable angina and subjects in acute phase of ACS without ST segment elevation. Methods. The study comprised of 40 patients who underwent preintervention IVUS examination. Tissue maps were reconstructed from radio frequency data using IVUS-VH software. Results. We analyzed 53 lesions in 40 patients. Stable angina was diagnosed in 24 patients (29 lesions, while acute phase of ACS without ST elevation was diagnosed in 16 patients (24 lesions. In the patients in acute phase of ACS without ST segment elevation IVUS-VH examination showed a significantly larger area of the necrotic core at the site of minimal lumen area and a larger mean of the necrotic core volume in the entire lesion comparing to stable angina subjects (1.84±0.90 mm2 vs. 0.96±0.69 mm2; p<0.001 and 20.94±15.79 mm3 vs. 11.54±14.15 mm3; p<0.05 respectively. Conclusion. IVUS-VH detected that the necrotic core was significantly larger in atherosclerotic lesions in patients in acute phase of ACS without ST elevation comparing to the stable angina subjects and that it could be considered as a marker of plaque vulnerability.

  13. Factors Associated with the Types of Heparin used in the Treatment of Unstable Angina at a Brazilian Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA AUXILIADORA PARREIRAS MARTINS

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Unfractionated heparin (UFH and low-molecularweight heparins (LMWHs are widely used in curative and preventive treatments of thromboembolic disorders. The aim of the study was to investigate factors associated with the choice of these types of heparin to treat patients with unstable angina under real conditions of hospital use. A cross-sectional study was performed in a private general hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from January 1st to December 31th, 2001. Data were collected from the hospital electronic database. Inpatients with angina who received enoxaparin or UFH were included in the survey. Data for 555 patients were recorded, including 401 treated with enoxaparin and 154 with UFH. Univariate analysis showed that male and elderly people predominated in both groups, with no statistical difference in the proportions (p>0.05. Multivariate analysis showed 4 factors associated with the use of enoxaparin: cardiac revascularization surgery (OR=0.434, arrhythmias (OR=9.343, risk factors for coronary artery disease (OR=1.333 and private health insurance (OR=0.297. Thus, clinical and organizational factors were associated with the type of heparin used by patients with unstable angina at this hospital. Further drug utilization studies are necessary to expand and improve the data available on the use of heparins in the hospital setting. Keywords: Hospital pharmacy/assessment. Angina pectoris/treatment. Heparin/prescription. Enoxaparin/prescription. RESUMO Fatores associados com os tipos de heparina usados no tratamento da angina instável em um hospital brasileiro A heparina não-fracionada (HNF e heparinas de baixo peso molecular (HBPM são amplamente utilizadas em tratamentos curativos e preventivos de tromboembolismo. O objetivo do estudo foi investigar os fatores associados com a escolha desses tipos de heparinas para tratar pacientes com angina instável sob as condições reais de uso hospitalar. Trata-se de um

  14. Stable Angina Pectoris : Evaluation of Ultrasonography in Detetion of Carotid Atherosclerosis and Flow-Mediated Dilation of Brachial Artery%超声检查颈动脉粥样硬化情况和肱动脉FMD对稳定性心绞痛的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田敏; 韩晓云; 王丽丽; 王小艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the value of brachial artery FMD and common carotid arterial IMT in patients with stable angina evaluated by ultrasonography. Methods: We divided 65 patients with stable angina into mild stenosis, moderate stenosis and severe stenosis group. In all of cases, the IMT of common carotid artery and the FMD in the brachial artery were measured by ultrasouography. And their relationship were analyzed. Results: Califf risk score and As integral were obviously increased, aggravating with coronary artery stenosis, and there were positive correlation (P<0.05). Common carotid arterial IMT was obviously increased and brachial artery FMD was obviously reduced, aggravating with coronary artery stenosis. The two were negative correlation(P<0.05). Conclusion: It can control the clinical risk in SAP patients by noninvasive ultrasouography monitoring of brachial artery FMD and common carotid arterial IMT.%目的:探讨无创超声检查颈动脉粥样硬化情况和肱动脉FMD对SAP的价值.方法:将选取的65例SAP患者分为轻度狭窄组、中度狭窄组和重度狭窄组,超声检测所有病例的肱动脉FMD和颈总动脉IMT,并作Califf危险评分和As积分,分析观察指标间的关系.结果:Califf危险评分和As积分都随着冠脉狭窄程度的加深而增大,且二者呈正相关(P<0.05);颈总动脉IMT随着狭窄程度的加深而增大,肱动脉FMD则随着狭窄程度的加深而降低,二者呈负相关(P<0.05).结论:无创监测颈总动脉IMT和肱动脉FMD,可指导SAP临床风险的控制.

  15. Angina pré-infarto na evolução intra-hospitalar de pacientes idosos com infarto agudo do miocárdio Preinfarction angina and in-hospital outcome of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiu Wen Shian

    2007-12-01

    and the clinical course of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI. METHODS: This was a case-series study with a comparison group. A total of 36 patients with ST-segment elevation AMI were included in the study and divided into two groups: group A (21 patients with PIA and group B (15 patients without PIA. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 70.5 years, and there was a predominance of males (73%. Mean body mass index was 25.3 Kg/m2. Hypertension was present in 77.8%, diabetes in 27.8% and dyslipidemia in 32.4%. Type-A chest pain was reported by 71.4% of patients, and the majority of them (72.2% were in Killip class I. Clinical endpoints for groups A and B were as follows: postinfarction angina 9.5% versus 20%, p = 0.630; heart failure 23.8% versus 13.3%, p = 0.674; urgent revascularization 4.8% versus 6.7%, p = 1; and cardiac arrhythmia 0% versus 6.7%, p = 0.417. There was no case of reinfarction, cardiogenic shock or death within 30 days of follow up in either group. CONCLUSION: In this case series, preinfarction angina was not associated with better clinical course in elderly patients with AMI.

  16. Case management does not decrease mortality of patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina: Evidence from a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Juan Yi

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: Case management is not beneficial to all-cause mortality after myocardial infarction or unstable angina compared to routine care. Additional, prospective RCTs of high quality and large scale are warranted to verify these results.

  17. Angina de Prinzmetal Angina de Prinzmetal Prinzmetal's angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Contreras Zuniga

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Essa síndrome é causada por um espasmo focal de uma artéria coronária epicárdica, levando a isquemia miocárdica grave. Embora freqüentemente acredite-se que o espasmo ocorra em artérias sem estenose, muitos pacientes com angina de Prinzmetal apresentam espasmo adjacente a placas ateromatosas. A causa exata do espasmo não está bem definida, mas pode estar relacionada à hipercontratilidade do músculo liso vascular devido a mitógenos vasoconstrictores, leucotrienos ou serotonina. Em alguns pacientes, é uma manifestação de distúrbio vasoespástico e está associado à migrânea, fenômeno de Raynaud ou asma induzida por aspirina. Apresentamos um caso associado com depressão transitória do segmento ST.Este síndrome es causado por un espasmo focal de una arteria coronaria epicárdica, llevando a isquemia miocárdica grave. Aunque frecuentemente se crea que el espasmo ocurra en arterias sin estenosis, muchos pacientes con angina de Prinzmetal presentan espasmo adyacente a placas ateromatosas. La causa exacta del espasmo no está bien definida, pero puede estar relacionada a la hipercontractilidad del músculo liso vascular debido a mitógenos vasoconstrictores, leucotrienos o serotonina. En algunos pacientes, es una manifestación de disturbio vasoespástico y está asociado a la migraña, fenómeno de Raynaud o asma inducida por aspirina. Presentamos un caso asociado con depresión transitoria del segmento ST.This syndrome is due to focal spasm of an epicardial coronary artery, leading to severe myocardial ischemia. Although it is frequently thought that the spasm occurs in arteries without stenosis, many Prinzmetal patients have spasm adjacent to atheromatous plaques. The exact cause of the spasm has not been well defined, but it may be related to the hypercontractility of the vascular smooth muscle due to vasoconstrictor mitogens, leukotrienes, or serotonin. In some patients, it is a manifestation of a vasospastic disorder and it

  18. Comparative study between patients with infarction and angina about the fear of pain, anxiety pain symptoms, heart focused anxiety, psychopathology and hostility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakella P.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: To examine the fear of pain, anxiety pain symptoms, heart focused anxiety, psychopathology and hostility between patients with infarction and angina. Method: Subjects were 104 patients with infarction or angina, who completed the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R, Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire, the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 and the Fear of Pain Questionnaire – III. Results: For all patients higher levels of fear and anxiety of pain, heart-focused anxiety psychopathology, and a tendency to develop a hostile attitude were observed. For angina group higher levels of fearfull thinking and total PASS-20, avoidance CAQ, somatization and anxiety (SCL-90. In addition, all patients were found to be significantly correlated (P< .005 with sex, fearfull PASS-20, physiological responses PASS-20, total PASS-20, avoidance CAQ, somatization SCL-90, anxiety SCL-90 Conclusion: There is a variety of general factors that may promote the development of cardiophobia. These processes are likely nonspecific in the sense that they increase the chance of negative emotional responding and poor affect regulatory strategies. For persons exposed to cardiac-related illnesses or persons who model the potential dangers of cardiac-related sensations, there may be an enhanced specificity to that general vulnerability.

  19. Recent advances in the management of chronic stable angina I: Approach to the patient, diagnosis, pathophysiology, risk stratification, and gender disparities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Kones

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Richard KonesThe Cardiometabolic Research Institute, Houston, Texas 77054 USAAbstract: The potential importance of both prevention and personal responsibility in ­controlling heart disease, the leading cause of death in the USA and elsewhere, has attracted renewed ­attention. Coronary artery disease is preventable, using relatively simple and inexpensive lifestyle changes. The inexorable rise in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and ­hypertension, often in the risk cluster known as the metabolic syndrome, drives the ­ever-increasing incidence of heart disease. Population-wide improvements in personal health habits appear to be a fundamental, evidence based public health measure, yet numerous barriers prevent implementation. A common symptom in patients with coronary artery disease, classical angina refers to the typical chest pressure or discomfort that results when myocardial oxygen demand rises and coronary blood flow is reduced by fixed, atherosclerotic, obstructive lesions. Different forms of angina and diagnosis, with a short description of the significance of pain and silent ischemia, are discussed in this review. The well accepted concept of myocardial oxygen imbalance in the genesis of angina is presented with new data about clinical pathology of stable angina and acute coronary syndromes. The roles of stress electrocardiography and stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphic imaging are reviewed, along with the information these tests provide about risk and prognosis. Finally, the current status of gender disparities in heart disease is summarized. Enhanced risk stratification and identification of patients in whom procedures will meaningfully change management is an ongoing quest. Current guidelines emphasize efficient triage of patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Many experts believe the predictive value of current decision protocols for coronary artery disease still needs improvement in order to

  20. Symptomatic relief precedes improvement of myocardial blood flow in patients under spinal cord stimulation

    OpenAIRE

    Koulousakis Athanassios; Weber Michael; Theissen Peter; Zobel Carsten; Diedrichs Holger; Schicha Harald; Schwinger Robert HG

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Spinal cord electrical stimulation (SCS) has shown to be a treatment option for patients suffering from angina pectoris CCS III-IV although being on optimal medication and not suitable for conventional treatment strategies, e.g. CABG or PTCA. Although many studies demonstrated a clear symptomatic relief under SCS therapy, there are only a few short-term studies that investigated alterations in cardiac ischemia. Therefore doubts remain whether SCS has a direct effect on myo...

  1. Identifying Metabolite and Protein Biomarkers in Unstable Angina In-patients by Feature Selection Based Data Mining Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Cheng-he; YANG Yi; WANG Wei; ZHAO Hui-hui; HOU Na; CHEN Jian-xin; SHI Qi; XU Xue-gong; WANG Juan; ZHENG Cheng-long; ZHAO Ling-yan

    2011-01-01

    Unstable angina(UA) is the most dangerous type of Coronary Heart Disease(CHD) to cause more and more mortal and morbid world wide. Identification of biomarkers for UA at the level of proteomics and metaboiomics is a better avenue to understand the inner mechanism of it. Feature selection based data mining method is better suited to identify biomarkers of UA. In this study, we carried out clinical epidemiology to collect plasmas of UA in-patients and controls. Proteomics and metabolomics data were obtained via two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis and gas chromatography techniques. We presented a novel computational strategy to select biomarkers as few as possible for UA in the two groups of data. Firstly, decision tree was used to select biomarkers for UA and 3-fold cross validation was used to evaluate computational performances for the three methods. Alternatively, we combined independent t test and classification based data mining method as well as backward elimination technique to select, as few as possible, protein and metabolite biomarkers with best classification performances. By the method, we selected 6 proteins and 5 metabolites for UA. The novel method presented here provides a better insight into the pathology of a disease.

  2. Interpreting angina: symptoms along a gender continuum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crea-Arsenio, Mary; Shannon, Harry S; Velianou, James L; Giacomini, Mita

    2016-01-01

    Background ‘Typical’ angina is often used to describe symptoms common among men, while ‘atypical’ angina is used to describe symptoms common among women, despite a higher prevalence of angina among women. This discrepancy is a source of controversy in cardiac care among women. Objectives To redefine angina by (1) qualitatively comparing angina symptoms and experiences in women and men and (2) to propose a more meaningful construct of angina that integrates a more gender-centred approach. Methods Patients were recruited between July and December 2010 from a tertiary cardiac care centre and interviewed immediately prior to their first angiogram. Symptoms were explored through in-depth semi-structured interviews, transcribed verbatim and analysed concurrently using a modified grounded theory approach. Angiographically significant disease was assessed at ≥70% stenosis of a major epicardial vessel. Results Among 31 total patients, 13 men and 14 women had angiograpically significant CAD. Patients describe angina symptoms according to 6 symptomatic subthemes that array along a ‘gender continuum’. Gender-specific symptoms are anchored at each end of the continuum. At the centre of the continuum, are a remarkably large number of symptoms commonly expressed by both men and women. Conclusions The ‘gender continuum’ offers new insights into angina experiences of angiography candidates. Notably, there is more overlap of shared experiences between men and women than conventionally thought. The gender continuum can help researchers and clinicians contextualise patient symptom reports, avoiding the conventional ‘typical’ versus ‘atypical’ distinction that can misrepresent gendered angina experiences. PMID:27158523

  3. Unstable angina of crescendo pattern vs new onset: a clinical, coronary arteriographic and hemodynamic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, K M; Gould, L; Bharathan, T; Abdelsayed, G; Karpov, Y

    1995-06-01

    Unstable angina includes a variety of clinical presentations with a different level of risk for an unfavorable outcome. In this study the authors investigated the prognostic significance of crescendo angina and new-onset angina to discuss management strategies, paying attention to the relevance of baseline clinical characteristics, coronary artery lesions, and left ventricular function, as well as their alterations during atrial pacing. Accordingly coronary arteriographic anatomy and changes in left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction before and during atrial pacing were studied by means of digital subtraction ventriculography in 18 patients with crescendo angina and in 18 patients with new-onset angina. Triple-vessel disease was more frequently observed in crescendo angina (56%; P crescendo angina. The angiographic evidence of intracoronary thrombi was found in 33% (P crescendo angina and in 4% patients with new-onset angina. Compared with the patients with new-onset angina, patients with crescendo angina had higher end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes and lower ejection fraction at rest. At peak pacing, ejection fraction was significantly (P crescendo angina (0.48 +/- 0.06) than in new-onset angina (0.66 +/- 0.04). In crescendo angina, during pacing, the magnitude of velocity of circumferential fiber shortening was significantly decreased as compared with new-onset angina.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  4. Identical TCR beta-chain rearrangements in streptococcal angina and skin lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diluvio, Laura; Vollmer, Sigrid; Besgen, Petra; Ellwart, Joachim W; Chimenti, Sergio; Prinz, Joerg C

    2006-06-01

    Tonsillar infection with Streptococcus pyogenes may induce several nonsuppurative autoimmune sequelae. The precise pathogenetic mechanisms behind this clinically well-established association are still unresolved. Using TCR analysis, we sought to identify a link between streptococcal tonsillitis and the T cell-mediated autoimmune response in psoriasis. Three patients with streptococcal-induced psoriasis underwent tonsillectomy. Using size spectratyping and sequencing of TCR beta-chain variable region gene (TCRBV) rearrangements, we compared the TCR usage of psoriatic skin lesions, blood, tonsils, and tonsillar T cells fractionated according to the expression of the skin address in "cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag" (CLA). TCRBV-size spectratype analysis of the blood lymphocytes, tonsils, and the CLA-negative tonsillar T cells revealed largely unselected T cell populations. Instead, TCRBV gene families of the psoriatic lesions and skin-homing CLA-positive tonsillar T cells displayed highly restricted spectratypes. Sequencing of TCRBV cDNA identified various clonal TCRBV rearrangements within the psoriatic lesions that indicated Ag-driven T cell expansion. Several of these clonotypes were also detected within the tonsils and, in one of the patients, within the small subset of CLA-positive tonsillar T cells, suggesting that T cells from the same T cell clones were simultaneously present within skin and tonsillar tissue. Because after tonsillectomy psoriasis cleared in all three patients our observations indicate that T cells may connect psoriatic inflammation to streptococcal angina. They suggest that the chronic streptococcal immune stimulus within the tonsils could act as a source for pathogenic T cells in poststreptococcal disorders, and they may help to explain why eliminating this source with tonsillectomy may improve streptococcal-induced sequelae.

  5. Short‐term and long‐term outcomes in 133 429 emergency patients admitted with angina or myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990–2000: population‐based cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Capewell, S; Murphy, N F; MacIntyre, K.; Frame, S; Stewart, S.; Chalmers, J.W.T.; Boyd, J.; Finlayson, A; Redpath, A.; McMurray, J J V

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To analyse short- and long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in a large population-based cohort of unselected patients with a first emergency admission for suspected acute coronary syndrome between 1990 and 2000 in Scotland. Methods: All first emergency admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all first emergency admissions for angina (the proxy for unstable angina) between 1990 and 2000 in Scotland (population 5.1 million) were identified. Survival to five years...

  6. 加味胸痹汤对冠心病心绞痛患者TNF-α、VEGF水平的影响%Influence of Xiongbitong Decoction on TNF-α and VEGF Levels of Coronary Heart Angina Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文林

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effect of Xiongbi Decoction on TNF-α and VEGF levels of coronary heart disease patients with angina pectoris,and to explore the possible mechanisms in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease.Methods:60 cases of coronary heart disease in patients with stable angina were randomly divided into treatment group and control group,30 in each group.based on the patients'conditions,ACE inhibitors,β-blockers,anti-platelet aggregation optimization were selected.Treatment group on the basis of the above treatment added with the Xiongbitong Decoction.The effects were observed after treatment.Results:After treatment,TCM syndrome was improved with statistical difference (P < 0.05),but there was no statistically significant ECG improvement.After treatment,TNF-c level was significantly lower than that of the comparison group (P < 0.05),treatment group serum levels of VEGF were significantly increased (P < 0.05),while the serum VEGF content in control group was not obviously increased (P > 0.05).Conclusion:Xiongbitong Decoction can improve the TCM syndromes,the party inflammatory cells to inhibit vascular endothelial secretion of TNF-α,and protect the role of vascular endothelial function.The promotion of vascular endothelial cells to secrete VEGF has a distinct role,speculating that the drug may have a role to promote myocardial angiogenesis,which may be one of the mechanisms of the protective effect of the drug for ischemic myocardium.%目的:观察加味胸痹汤对冠心病心绞痛患者TNF-α、VEGF水平的影响,探讨在冠心病发病中的部分可能机制.方法:将60例冠心痛稳定型心绞痛患者随机分成治疗组和对照组,每组各30例,两组均根据病人病情选用ACE抑制剂、β受体阻滞剂、抗血小板聚集等最优化的西药治疗;治疗组在以上治疗的基础上加用中药加味胸痹汤口服,疗程结束后观察疗效与结果.结果:两组治疗后中医证候疗效改善情

  7. Influence of insulin resistance on long-term outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Liang-ping; L(U) An-kang; SHEN Wei-feng; LIU Hai-feng; MA Xiao-ye; FAN Xiao-ming; ZHANG Qi

    2010-01-01

    Background Insulin resistance(IR)is significantly associated with coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events in patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus.This study aimed to evaluate the influence of IR on long-term outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)with sirolimus-eluting stent(SES)implantation.Methods A total of 467 consecutive patients undergoing SES-based PCI were divided into lR group(n=104)and non-IR group(n=363).The patients were followed up for one year.The rate of major adverse cardiac events(MACEs) including death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and recurrent angina pectoris was compared by the log-rank test,and the independent risk factors were identified by the Cox regression analysis.Results MACEs occurred more frequently,and cumulative survival rate was lower in the IR group than in the non-IR group during the follow-up (all P<0.05).IR was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction(OR=2176,95% CI=1.35-5.47,P=0.034).Old age,diabetes,and multi-vessel disease were determinants for recurrent angina pectoris after PCI(P<0.05).Subgroup analysis revealed that IR(OR=3.35,95% CI=1.07-13.59,P=0.013)and multi-vessel disease(OR=2.19,95%CI=1.01-5.14,P=0.044)were independent risk predictors for recurrent angina pectoris in patients with diabetes after PCI.Conclusions IR is associated with reduced MACE-free survival and remains an independent predictor for recurrent angina pectoris after PCI with SES implantation.

  8. Universal health care no guarantee of equity: Comparison of socioeconomic inequalities in the receipt of coronary procedures in patients with acute myocardial infarction and angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelman Chris W

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Australia there is a socioeconomic gradient in morbidity and mortality favouring socioeconomically advantaged people, much of which is accounted for by ischaemic heart disease. This study examines if Australia's universal health care system, with its mixed public/private funding and delivery model, may actually perpetuate this inequity. We do this by quantifying and comparing socioeconomic inequalities in the receipt of coronary procedures in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI and patients with angina. Methods Using linked hospital and mortality data, we followed patients admitted to Western Australian hospitals with a first admission for AMI (n = 5539 or angina (n = 7401 in 2001-2003. An outcome event was the receipt, within a year, of a coronary procedure—angiography, angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG. Socioeconomic status was assigned to each individual using an area-based measure, the SEIFA Index of Disadvantage. Multivariable proportional hazards regression was used to model the association between socioeconomic status and procedure rates, allowing for censoring and adjustment of multiple covariates. Mediating models examined the effect of private health insurance. Results In the AMI patient cohort, socioeconomic gradients were not evident except that disadvantaged women were more likely than advantaged women to undergo CABG. In contrast, in the angina patient group there were clear socioeconomic gradients for all procedures, favouring more advantaged patients. Compared with patients in the most disadvantaged quintile of socioeconomic status, patients in the least disadvantaged quintile were 11% (1-21% more likely to receive angiography, 52% (29-80% more likely to undergo angioplasty and 30% (3-55% more likely to undergo CABG. Private health insurance explained some of the socioeconomic variation in rates. Conclusions Australia's universal health care system does not guarantee

  9. Pharmaceutical care for patients with unstable angina%不稳定性心绞痛患者的药学监护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟燕; 王清; 张勇; 李宏建

    2011-01-01

    Unstable angina (UA) is a common coronary heart disease with the clinical symptom situated between stable angina and acute myocardial infarction. For the complexity of its drug treatment, the clinical pharmaceutical care for patients with UA is very important. In this article, to further optimize the therapeutic project and ensure the safety of drug use, the contents of pharmaceutical care were discussed from the following four aspects respectively: undergoing anti-ischemia therapy, antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy, lipid adjusting and plaque stabilizing therapy, and simultaneous therapy for some other disease.%不稳定性心绞痛(unstable angina,UA)是介于稳定性心绞痛与急性心肌梗死之间的一组临床综合征,其治疗药物十分复杂,临床药学监护尤为重要.本文结合实例,对抗心肌缺血治疗、抗血小板与抗凝治疗、调脂稳定斑块治疗、合并其他疾病用药时等情况下的药学监护内容进行逐一讨论,以期为该疾病的临床药学工作提供思路,优化临床治疗方案设计,保障患者的用药安全.

  10. Studies on Tl-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of myocardium in patients with ischemic heart disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seventy-six patients with IHD were divided into 2 groups, A) angina pectoris (n=50) and B) previous myocardial infarction(n=26). Each group was classified into three subgroups, without considering hypertension, that is 1) without complication, 2) with hypercholesterolemia, and 3) with diabetes mellitus. We studied and compared the findings of ECG, Echocardiogram (ECHO) and Emission CT (ECT) in these patients at rest. In the previous myocardial infarction group (Group B), we could find 100% ischemic patterns on ECG, 100% asynergy of either IVS or the posterior wall on ECHO and higher percentages of various grade of perfusion defects on ECT compared with group A. In group A, the percentages of perfusion defects were similar in three subgroups. But interestingly, in the hypercholesterolemic group, we could find diffuse moth-eaten like low perfusion areas on ECT. Further study is required whether this finding is peculiar for angina pectoris with hypercholesterolemia or an artifact on ECT. The percentage of ischemic patterns on ECG was lower than in the other groups. In angina pectoris with diabetes mellitus, asynergy in ECHO finding was a significantly higher percentage, compared with other groups. We believe, that ECG, ECHO and ECT are of compensatory importance in the diagnosis of patients with IHD. (author)

  11. Comparison of usefulness of exercise testing versus coronary computed tomographic angiography for evaluation of patients suspected of having coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovrehus, Kristian A; Jensen, Jesper K; Mickley, Hans;

    2010-01-01

    -segment changes > or =1 mV measured 80 ms from the J-point, angina pectoris, ventricular arrhythmia (the occurrence of > or =3 premature ventricular beats), and > or =20 mm Hg decrease in systolic blood pressure during the test. Positive results on CTA were defined as a coronary lumen reduction of > or =50%. In...... performance of CTA for the detection and exclusion of significant CAD might favor CTA as the first-line diagnostic test in patients suspected of having CAD....

  12. Significance of retardation of abnormal uptake of iodine-123-beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid myocardial scintigraphy in patients with vasospastic angina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inoue, Fumitaka; Hashimoto, Toshio; Uemura, Shiro; Kawamoto, Atsuhiko; Dohi, Kazuhiro [Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan); Matsushima, Akihiko

    2001-07-01

    This study investigated retardation of abnormal uptake of iodine-123-beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) scintigraphy in patients with vasospastic angina. Twenty-three patients with vasospastic angina showed abnormal uptake of BMIPP before medical treatment and had coronary vasospasm induced by acetylcholine. The patients were divided into two groups according to uptake of BMIPP after medical treatment: retardation of abnormal uptake of BMIPP (Group R, n=4) and normal uptake of BMIPP (Group N, n=19). Frequency of chest pain, medical treatment and autonomic nervous activity were compared between the two groups. Furthermore, the frequency of chest pain and uptake of BMIPP in group R were obtained after intensive medical treatment. Autonomic nervous activity was evaluated by heart rate variability on Holter electrocardiography. Heart rate variability contained high-frequency elements (HF; 0.15-0.4 Hz) and low-frequency elements (LF; 0.04-0.15 Hz). LF/HF was estimated for sympathetic nervous activity and HF was estimated for parasympathetic nervous activity. Daytime and nighttime autonomic nervous activity were compared between the two groups. The frequency of chest pain was higher in Group R than in Group N (p<0.05). Medical treatment was not different between the two groups. Circadian variation of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous activity were absent in Group R. During the nighttime, Group R showed higher sympathetic nervous activity (p<0.05) and lower parasympathetic nervous activity (p<0.01) than Group N. The frequency of chest pain was significantly lower after intensive medical treatment (p<0.05), and uptake of BMIPP returned to normal in Group R. We suspected that the disorder in autonomic nervous activity was more severe in Group R, and thus induced coronary vasospasm. Retardation of abnormal uptake of BMIPP in patients with vasospastic angina indicates poor control of coronary vasospasm. Uptake of BMIPP is useful in the evaluation of

  13. Determinants of delay between symptoms and hospital admission in 5978 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The TRACE Study Group. Trandolapril Cardiac Evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, M M; Køber, L; Jørgensen, S;

    1996-01-01

    of angina pectoris (OR = 1.198, P = 0.02), chest pain as initial symptom (OR = 1.293, P = 0.02), ventricular fibrillation (OR = 0.562, P = 0.0001), ventricular tachycardia (OR = 0.620, P = 0.0001), Killip class > or = 3 (OR = 0.709 P = 0.002), presence of ST elevation (OR = 0.810, P = 0.01) and ST...... depressions (OR = 0.847, P = 0.01). All these variables, except history of diabetes mellitus, angina pectoris, and chest pain as an initial symptom were also associated with a delay of more than 6 h. Thrombolytic therapy was administered to 55.8% of patients admitted within 2 h of an acute myocardial...

  14. Insulin-resistant glucose metabolism in patients with microvascular angina--syndrome X

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, H; Skøtt, P; Steffensen, R;

    1995-01-01

    < .02) and the rate of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal to peripheral tissues was lower in patients with MA (13.4 +/- 1.0 v 18.2 +/- 1.4 mg.kg fat-free mass [FFM]-1.min-1, P < .02) due to a decrease in nonoxidative glucose metabolism (8.4 +/- 0.9 v 12.5 +/- 1.3 mg.kg FFM-1.min-1, P < .02). No...

  15. Coronary artery fistulas as a cause of angina: How to manage these patients?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buccheri, Dario; Dendramis, Gregory, E-mail: gregorydendramis@libero.it; Piraino, Davide; Chirco, Paola Rosa; Carità, Patrizia; Paleologo, Claudia; Andolina, Giuseppe; Assennato, Pasquale; Novo, Salvatore

    2015-07-15

    Coronary artery fistulas represent the most common hemodynamically significant congenital defect of the coronary arteries and the clinical presentation is mainly dependent on the severity of the left-to-right shunt. We describe a case of a 55-year-old man with history of chest pain and without history of previous significant chest wall trauma or any invasive cardiac procedures. A coronary multislice computed tomography showed two large coronary fistulas arising from the left anterior descending coronary artery and ending in an angiomatous plexus draining into the common pulmonary trunk. Coronary angiography confirmed the CT finding and showed a third fistulous communication arising from the sinus node artery. Although coronary fistulas are infrequent, they are becoming increasingly important because their management and treatment could prevent serious complications. The latest guidelines of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association indicate as Class I recommendation the percutaneous or surgical closure for large fistulas regardless of symptoms. In this manuscript, we provide a detailed review of the literature on this topic, focusing on the clinical management of these patients.

  16. A rare cause of Ludwig's angina by Morganella morganii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Min-Po; Tsai, Kuang-Chau; Yen, Szu-Lin; Lu, Cheng-Lin; Chen, Chia-Hung

    2006-10-01

    Ludwig's angina is a rapidly spreading and potentially lethal infection involving the floor of the mouth and neck. We present a rare case of Ludwig's angina caused by an unusual microorganism, Morganella morganii, and the group D alpha-hemolytic streptococcus. To our knowledge, this is the first case of Ludwig's angina and deep neck infection caused by Morganella morganii. Adequate airway maintenance, appropriate use of antibiotics and surgical drainage resulted in survival of the patient without complications.

  17. Ivabradine: the evidence of its therapeutic impact in angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Marquis-Gravel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, Jean-Claude TardifMontreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, CanadaIntroduction: Stable angina pectoris (SAP is a widely prevalent disease affecting 30 000 to 40 000 per million people in Europe and the US. SAP is associated with reductions in quality of life and ability to work, and increased use of healthcare resources. Ivabradine is a drug with a unique therapeutic target, the If current of the sinus node, developed for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases including SAP. It has an exclusive heart rate reducing effect, without any negative effect on left ventricular function or coronary vasodilatation.Aims: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence concerning the use of ivabradine in the treatment of SAP.Evidence review: Ivabradine is an effective antianginal and antiischemic drug, not inferior to the beta blocker atenolol and the calcium channel antagonist (CCA amlodipine. It decreases the frequency of angina attacks and increases the time to anginal symptoms during exercise. Because of its exclusive chronotropic effect, ivabradine is not associated with the typical adverse reactions associated with beta blockers or other antianginal drugs.Clinical value: Clinical evidence shows that ivabradine is a very good antiischemic and antianginal agent, being as effective as beta blockade and CCA therapy in controlling myocardial ischemia and symptoms of stable angina. Ongoing studies will determine the potential of ivabradine to improve morbidity and mortality in coronary artery disease and heart failure.Key words: evidence, If current, ivabradine, outcomes, stable angina pectoris, treatment

  18. Trial Study on DENG Tie-tao's Coronary Heart Disease Capsules in Improving Patients' Quality of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To assess the efficacy of the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Capsules worked out by Prof. Deng--in improving quality of life of CHD patients of qi deficiency with phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. Method: According to the WHO's diagnosis criteria of CHD, a total of 93 stable angina patients were divided into 3 groups using the single blinded method. The groups were evenly distributed into CHD Capsule treated group (CHDC), isosorbide dinitrate control group (ID), and Compound Prescription Danshen Droplet Pills control group (CPDDP). Two courses of treatment lasting for 6 months were given. During the courses of treatment, the following parameters were observed: clinical symptoms of angina pectoris, ECG change, treadmill exercise test, 36 items in short form of health survey (SF-36) and Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) scale. Results: After 6 months of treatment, all the three groups showed good curative effect in angina pectoris, ECG and treadmill exercise test, differences between them had no statistical significance.The CHDC group showed a better result in nitro-glycerine stopping or alleviation rate and in improving symptoms than the other groups (P<0.05). The general health, vitality, role-emotional, mental health and reported health transition in the CHDC group were significantly better than those in the control groups (P<0.05). The scores in physiological functioningrole, physiological function and pain alleviation were not different among the three groups. Conclusion: Prof. DENG Tie-tao's CHDC is effective in treating CHD with qi deficiency, phlegm and blood stasis and also in improving the quality of life. CHDC is more suitable to be used in long-term treatment than isosorbide dinitrate. The SF-36 and SAQ can be used to appraise the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine agents for CHD angina pectoris.

  19. Analysis of two Level Preventive Medication Compliance in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease and its Related Influencing Factors%冠心病患者的二级预防用药依从性分析及其相关影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩立霞

    2016-01-01

    Objective Secondary prevention of comprehensive analysis of coronary heart disease (coronary heart disease) pa-tients (secondary prevention) medication compliance of and its influence factors, for the treatment of coronary heart disease in patients with provide scientific reference data. Methods 92 cases of coronary heart disease patients admitted to our hos-pital in December December 2014 were selected as the research object, the simple sampling method was randomly divided into the control group and the treatment group, each group had 46 cases. The control group was treated with routine treat-ment, and the treatment group was treated with two levels of preventive medication. Results Before treatment, the treatment group of angina pectoris attack rate was 95.65%(44/46), the control group angina attack rate was 93.48%(43/46), two groups of patients with angina pectoris was not statistically significant (P>0.05); after treatment, the treatment group of angina pec-toris attack rate was 32.61%(15/46), the control group of angina pectoris the attack rate was 73.91%(34/46), angina pectoris rate is far lower than that of the control group (P0.05);治疗后,治疗组心绞痛发作率为32.61%(15/46),对照组心绞痛发作率为73.91%(34/46),治疗组心绞痛发作率远远低于对照组(P<0.05);出院后冠心病患者二级预防用药情况分析:坚持使用拜阿司匹灵的人数最多,占88.04%(81/92);坚持使用β受体阻滞药居于第2,占63.04%(58/92);治疗组的用药依从性好的仅32例,占34.78%,与家人提醒服药、冠心病家族史、心绞痛发作次数、年均收入以及药品不良反应等因素密切相关。结论二级预防用药治疗冠心病患者的效果显著,冠心病患者的二级预防用药依从性与诸多方面的因素密切相关。

  20. Detection of postischemic regional left ventricular delayed outward wall motion or diastolic stunning after exercise-induced ischemia in patients with stable effort angina by using color kinesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Katsuhisa; Miwa, Kunihisa; Sakurai, Takahiro; Kataoka, Kazuaki; Imai, Makoto; Kintaka, Aya; Aoyama, Takeshi; Kawanami, Masaki

    2008-04-01

    To determine whether postischemic diastolic stunning could be detected using color kinesis, we evaluated regional left ventricular (LV) diastolic wall motion in 36 patients with stable effort angina and a coronary stenosis (> or = 70% of luminal diameter), and in 30 control subjects. Regional LV filling fraction in the short-axis view during the first 30% of the LV filling time (color kinesis diastolic index) was determined before, 20 minutes, 1 hour, and 24 hours after the treadmill exercise test. In 33 of the 36 patients (92%), new regional LV delayed outward motion during early diastole (color kinesis diastolic index < or = 40%) was detected at 20 minutes after exercise. The regional LV delayed diastolic wall motion showed significant improvement but persisted 1 hour afterward in 20 of 36 patients (56%), and disappeared 24 hours after exercise. Detection of regional stunned myocardium with impaired diastolic function may be a useful tool for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease.

  1. Ludwig's angina after severe thrombocytopenic purpura associated with dengue fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Antonia Campos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of Ludwig's angina, which required surgery because of toothache. The patient had dengue and severe thrombocytopenia as confirmed by clinical and laboratory diagnoses. However, dengue is not included among the predisposing factors for Ludwig's angina.

  2. Trends in time to invasive examination and treatment from 2001 to 2009 in patients admitted first time with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mårtensson, Solvej; Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte; Prescott, Eva;

    2014-01-01

    examination and treatment probability (CAG, PCI and CABG at 3, 7, 10, 30 and 60 days) for the years 2001-2009, taking the competing risk of death into account using Aalen-Johansen estimators and a Fine-Gray model. SETTING: Nationwide Danish cohort. RESULTS: The proportion of patients receiving a CAG and PCI...... increased substantially over time while the proportion receiving a CABG decreased for both NSTEMI and unstable angina. For both NSTEMI and unstable angina, a significant increase in invasive examination and treatment probability at 3 days for CAG and PCI were seen especially from 2007 through to 2009....... For NSTEMI, the CAG examination probability at 3 days leaped from 20% in 2007 to 32% in 2008 and 39% in 2009, and for PCI the same was true with a leap in treatment probability from 19% to 28% from 2008 to 2009. CONCLUSIONS: In Denmark the use of CAG and PCI in treatment of NSTEMI and unstable angina has...

  3. Coronary angioplasty for early postinfarction unstable angina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.J. de Feyter (Pim); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); A. Soward; M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel); E. Bos (Egbert); P.G. Hugenholtz (Paul)

    1986-01-01

    textabstractCoronary angioplasty was performed in 53 patients in whom unstable angina had reoccurred after 48 hr and within 30 days after sustained myocardial infarction. Single-vessel disease was present in 64% of the patients and multivessel disease in 36%. The preceding myocardial infarction had

  4. Different edge effects of paclitaxel-and sirolimus-eluting stents on proximal and distal edges in patients with unstable angina:serial intravascular ultrasound analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Shao-liang; YE Fei; ZHANG Jun-jie; LIU Zhi-zhong; SHAN Shou-jie; SUN Xue-wen; ZHANG Ai-ping; CHEN Jing-guo; XU Ya-wei; YANG Song; CHEN Feng; LUO Weng-ping

    2009-01-01

    Background It is unclear whether edge segments have different responses to paclitaxel eluting stent (PES) and sirolimus eluting stent (SES) implantation in patients with unstable angina. This study aimed to compare the different vascular edge responses in patients with unstable angina and single de novo coronary lesion treated with SES and PES. Methods Two hundred and fifty-five patients with unstable angina and single de novo lesion were randomly assigned to PES and SES groups. Serial volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images were taken immediately after stenting and at an eight-month follow-up. Five-mm edge segments proximal and distal to the stents were analyzed. Results Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. At proximal-edge segment, the vessel area decreased and the plaque area increased significantly in the PES group as compared with the SES group. A significant net loss of lumen area was found in the PES group (from (11.10±3.12) mm2 at baseline to (9.92+3.59) mm2 at the follow-up, P <0.001). At the distal-edge segment, the net loss of lumen area in the PES group (from (7.71±2.81) mm2 at baseline to (6.66±2.29) mm2 at the follow-up, P <0.001) was attributed to a significant increase of plaque area. Proximal-edge stenosis was commonly seen in the PES group (20.0%) as compared with the SES group (5.0%, P=0.001). This correlated with the higher incidence of target lesion revascularization in the PES group (P=-0.03). Subsegmentally, the smallest A lumen area was located at 2 mm proximally in both groups, at 0 mm distally in the PES group, and at 1 mm distally in the SES group. Conclusions The two groups demonstrated negative remodeling of edge segments. PES was less effective than SES in inhibiting the growth of plaque within the first 1-mm length proximal to the stent.

  5. Understanding factors that influence the use of risk scoring instruments in the management of patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the Netherlands: a qualitative study of health care practitioners’ perceptions.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engels, J.; Heeren, M.J.; Wulp, I. van der; Bruijne, M.C. de; Wagner, C.

    2014-01-01

    Background Cardiac risk scores estimate a patient’s risk of future cardiac events or death. They are developed to inform treatment decisions of patients diagnosed with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Despite recommending their use in guidelines and evidenc

  6. Angina de pecho con arterias angiográficamente normales: características epidemiológicas y clínicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Gutiérrez Sotelo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones obstructivas por arterioesclerosis coronaria genera diversos síndromes coronarios. Sin embargo, un subgrupo de pacientes con angina de pecho y alteraciones electrocardiográficas no presenta dichas lesiones, en el que se incluyen el vasoespasmo coronario, la angina microvascular, los puentes musculares y otras condiciones. En este estudio se evaluaron las principales características clínicas y electrocardiográficas de este grupo de pacientes. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes con cualquier síndrome coronario y angiografía coronaria sin lesiones obstructivas. Se consignaron los factores de riesgo cardiovascular, los síntomas de presentación, alteraciones electrocardiográficas y ecocardiográficas y los fármacos utilizados. Resultados: Se reclutaron 26 casos, 13 hombres y 13 mujeres con edad promedio de 56.6 años (rango 16 - 78. Se presentó angina microvascular en 16 casos, vasoespasmo coronario en 8, uno con un puente coronario y uno con flujo lento. Como síntomas se observó disnea en 18 pacientes, angor típico en 19 y angor atípico en 7. El electrocardiograma de reposo fue anormal en 18 pacientes, y el de esfuerzo en 13 casos. De 19 ecocardiogramas, 9 fueron anormales. Los fármacos más utilizados fueron los betabloqueadores, los bloqueadores de los canales del calcio y los nitratos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con síndromes coronarios y angiografía coronaria sin lesiones obstructivas presentan frecuentemente factores de riesgo coronario, no hay diferencia de género y los exámenes auxiliares son anormales lo que motiva la realización de la angiografía.lntroduction: Coronary arteriosclerosis lesions induce several coronary syndromes. Some patients suffer angina pectoris with abnormal electrocardiograms with no obstructive plaques in the angiogram. This group includes coronary vasospasm, micro vascular angina, muscle bridges and others. This study evaluates the most important clinical

  7. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients With Prinzmetal's Variant Angina%变异性心绞痛的临床特征、诊断评估、处置现状及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹春琳; 魏嘉平; 郝恒剑; 许冀; 徐东; 范振兴; 夏经纲

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解变异性心绞痛(PVA)的临床诊治现状,加深对冠状动脉(冠脉)痉挛导致心肌缺血的认识,为临床及时诊断、避免误诊和漏诊,采取合理治疗提供依据.方法:收集我院2001-01至2011-01临床诊断的PVA患者30例,分析每例患者的临床特征、诊断和临床处置方法及随访结果.结果:本组中年男性多发,吸烟是最主要的危险因素.20例(66.7%)患者PVA发作呈昼夜节律性,13例(43.3%)患者伴有活动时心绞痛发作.PVA可发生心肌梗死、晕厥等严重并发症,通常发生在症状初发后的3~6个月内,远期预后良好.8例患者PVA发作时心电图呈现特征性的巨"R"波或"墓碑"波.PVA累及前降支为41.7%,右冠为45.8%,回旋支为12.5%.本组PVA发生于非显著性狭窄的冠脉和正常冠脉13例(占54.2%).本组21例患者从PVA初发到确诊的时间在3个月之内,占70%.钙拮抗剂是PVA有效治疗的基石,但不能完全控制血管痉挛,60%以上的病例需要联合治疗.针对狭窄病变的介入治疗不是PVA治疗的有效治疗方法.结论:PVA在临床上的诊断仍然易被忽视,及时诊断是防止致命事件的关键,药物治疗是PVA的首选,对药物治疗失效的患者,介入治疗应在有选择的病例中进行.%Objective: To study the current clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of Prinzmetal' s variant angina( PVA) in order to better understand myocardial ischemia caused by coronary artery spasm and to improve the managanent of patients with PVA.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 30 PVA patients who were treated in our hospital from January 2001 to January 2011 with their clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up prognosis.Results: PVA patients had more male gender and smoking history. There were 20 (66.7% ) cases had a circadian rhythm upon the onset,13(43. 3% ) had angina pectoris induced by physical efforts. PVA could be complicated with myocardiial infarction, syncope and sudden card iac

  8. Frontline diagnostic evaluation of patients suspected of angina by coronary computed tomography reduces downstream resource utilization when compared to conventional ischemia testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, L. H.; Markenvard, John; Jensen, Jesper Møller;

    2011-01-01

    in patients suspected of angina. The purpose of this study was to investigate the consequences of frontline exercise-stress testing (Ex-test) versus CTA on downstream test utilization in clinical practice. In two collaborating departments using either Ex-test (n = 247) or CTA (n = 251) as the frontline...... was recorded. Mean age was 56 years (51% men), and 96% of the total study cohort were at low-intermediate pretest risk of significant coronary disease. Overall, downstream test utilization was more frequent in the Ex-test group than in the CTA group, 32% versus 21% (P = 0.003). Subsequent myocardial...

  9. ANALYSIS OF COST STRUCTURE FOR PHARMACOTHERAPY OF PATIENTS WITH STABLE ANGINA (THE CASE OF CARDIOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF TVER REGIONAL CLINICAL HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Demidova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To analyze the cost structure for pharmacotherapy of patients with stable angina (SA, in particular, to compare the cost of pharmacotherapy with drugs, both included and not included into the official Standard of care (SC. Material and methods. Medical records of patients with SA (n=100 admitted to the cardiology department of Tver Regional Clinical Hospital in January-July 2010 were studied retrospectivelly. Costs of treatment with drugs specified in SC for patients with SA as well as drugs not included in SC were considered. Costs of pharmacotherapy and cost structure were determined. Pharmacoeconomical methods, especially ABC analysis, were partially used.  Results. Totally 65502.39 ruble was spent for pharmacotherapy of 100 patients with SA. Cost structure was the following: 32679.34 ruble was spent for drugs recommended by SC, 23698.18 ruble — for drugs not included in SC, and 9124.87 ruble — for drugs to treat concomitant diseases which are not taken into account by SC for patients with SA. Conclusion. SA pharmacotherapy counts 50% of the total cost for drugs recommended by SC, 36% — for drugs not included in SC but belonged to pharmacological class presented in SC, and 14% — drugs from pharmacological class not included in SC. In the process of new SC elaboration for SA patients it is necessary to take into account treatment costs of concomitant diseases especially diabetes mellitus which can account up to 9.5% of total treatment cost of SA patients.

  10. Myocardial revascularization in patient with situs inversus totalis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soncini da Rosa George Ronald

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of an unusual case of a patient, with dextrocardia and a "situs inversus totalis". She presented angina pectoris during an ECG stress test. The coronary arteriography revealed severe obstruction in the main left coronary artery. The patient underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. We did not find a similar case in the national medical literature. The myocardial revascularization performed utilizing the right mammary artery for anterior descending artery and saphenous vein grafts for first diagonal branch and first marginal branch.

  11. Flow-mediated dilatation has no independent prognostic effect in patients with chest pain with or without ischaemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulriksen, Line Skjold; Malmqvist, Beata B; Hansen, Are;

    2009-01-01

    underwent a stress test at the time of admittance. On the basis of a positive stress test, a prior myocardial infarction (MI), prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary bypass surgery (CABG), 137 patients were categorized as having ischaemic heart disease (IHD). RESULTS: Patients with IHD...... had significantly lower FMD than patients without IHD (p=0.002). During a mean follow-up of 4.2 years, 90 patients had an endpoint event, i.e. cardiovascular death, acute MI, unstable angina pectoris, PCI or CABG. In univariate analysis, FMD

  12. Modified Erxian Decoction Treatment of Post-menopause Patients with Microvascular Angina%二仙汤加味治疗绝经后微血管性心绞痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉芬; 陈艳秋; 陈钧; 刘镘利; 马静

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effects of modified Erxian decoction upon post-menopause patients with microvascular angina. Method: 80 post-menopause patients with microvascular angina were divided randomly into conventional treatment group ( control group ) and combined with modified Erxian decoction treatment group ( treatment group ) . After 4 weeks treatment, typical angina frequency and exercise ECG test were detected and compared within two groups. Results: After the combination with the modified Erxian decoction treatment, the angina attack frequency and ECG exercise test results were improved significantly compared with that in the control group. Conclusion: Modified Erxian decoction in combination with conventional drugs is the safe and effective treatment for post-menopause patients with microvascular angina.%目的:观察二仙汤加味治疗绝经后微血管性心绞痛的疗效.方法:将80例绝经后微血管性心绞痛患者随机分为常规治疗组(对照组)50例,伍用二仙汤治疗组(治疗组)30例.治疗4周后,比较两组心绞痛发作频率和心电图运动试验,包括ST段压低幅度的变化.结果:治疗组心绞痛发作频率和心电图运动试验结果显著改善,与对照组比较存在显著差异.结论:常规药物合二仙汤加味对绝经后微血管性心绞痛治疗安全有效.

  13. Current views on neurostimulation in the treatment of cardiac ischemic syndromes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jessurun, GAJ; DeJongste, MJL; Blanksma, PK

    1996-01-01

    Most clinicians are still unacquainted with the beneficial effects of neurostimulation as an additional therapeutic strategy for severe angina pectoris. Patients with therapeutically refractory angina pectoris suffer from chest discomfort during minimal exercise, despite maximal tolerated antiangina

  14. Characteristics, treatment and outcome of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes and multivessel coronary artery disease: observations from PURSUIT (Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in unstable angina: receptor suppression using integreling therapy)

    OpenAIRE

    Breeman, Arno; Mercado, Nestor; Lenzen, Mattie; Harrington, Robert Alex; Califf, Robert; Topol, Eric; Simoons, Maarten; Brand, Marcel, van den; Boersma, Eric

    2002-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: The 6-month clinical outcome of patients with multivessel disease enrolled in PURSUIT (Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy) is described. Patients with complete angiography data were included; multivessel disease was stratified according to the treatment strategy applied early during hospitalization, i.e. medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (balloon), PCI (stent), or coronary artery by...

  15. Does access to invasive examination and treatment influence socioeconomic differences in case fatality for patients admitted for the first time with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martensson, Solvej; Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte; Prescott, Eva;

    2016-01-01

    nominal equal access to health care, social inequality in case fatality after NSTEMI and unstable angina exists in Denmark. The patients with the shortest education waited longer for angiography; however, this did not seem to explain inequality in case fatality. This register-based study was approved...... by the Danish Data Protection Agency (Approval number 2010-41-5263). Register-based studies do not need approval by a medical ethics committee in Denmark....

  16. Practical value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in unstable angina diagnosis%心脏核磁共振在不稳定型心绞痛诊治中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐新宇; 欧阳容

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the value of magnetic resonance imaging of heart in diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris.Methods A total of 24 patients with unstable angina pectoris including 15 male and 9 female confirmed by coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled.All 24 patients were scanned by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging ( CMR),and then the analyses of the first pass images and the delayed contrast enhancement images were carried out for comparison.The findings of cardiac structure,cardiac function,myocardial ischemia,myocardial necrosis,myocardial edema were taken for answering to the images made by echocardiography (UCG) and coronary angiography (CAG) linked with conventional examinations for the diagnosis of coronary disease.Results Compared with the UCG,CMR provided more detailed information about the right ventricle,and the information about left ventricular structure and function given by UCG was very good consistent with that offered by CMR,and CMR could detect myocardial ischemia,myocardial edema and the myocardial necrosis,which were of good consistency with findings often observed by conventional inspection methods.Conclusions Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is of high value in diagnosis and evaluation of unstable angina pectoris and is far superior over other conventional methods for examinations of unstable angina pectoris.%目的 研究心脏核磁共振在不稳定型心绞痛诊治中的价值.方法 选择确诊不稳定性心绞痛患者24例,其中男性15例,女性9例,均行冠脉造影.对24例患者进行心脏核磁共振(CMR)扫描,对图像进行首过灌注和延迟扫描分析(LEG),记录其在心脏结构、功能、心肌缺血、坏死、水肿等方面的信息,并使之与超声心动图(UCG)、冠脉造影(CAG)等传统检查结果对比.结果 CMR与UCG相比,可以提供更多右心室方面的信息.在左心室结构及功能方面,两者有很好的一致性;CMR能发现并检测心肌缺血、水肿及坏死,

  17. A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of STA-2 (Green Tea Polyphenols) in Patients with Chronic Stable Angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tsung-Ming; Charng, Min-Ji; Tseng, Chuen-Den; Lai, Ling-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Background Green tea intake has been shown to improve endurance capacity in animal studies, but whether it has a similar effect on humans remains unclear. A randomized, double-blinded, parallel-controlled study was conducted to evaluate the short-term effect of STA-2, a pharmaceutical preparation of green tea polyphenols, in patients with effort-induced angina and documented positive exercise tolerance test. Methods A total of 79 patients recruited from three medical centers were randomly assigned to receive 2 STA-2 250 mg capsules, each containing 100 mg green tea polyphenols, three times daily, or placebo for six weeks after two consecutive symptom-limited treadmill exercise tests to ascertain the reproducibility of exercise tolerance. Results There was no difference in total exercise tolerance time from baseline to Week 6 between two groups (p = 0.639). There were also no observed improvements in subgroup analyses stratified by age, gender, and BMI categories. However, a significant reduction in low-density lipoprotein levels was shown in patients in the STA-2 group (-8.99 ± 19.18 mg/dL) versus the placebo group (0.57 ± 19.77 mg/dL), p = 0.037, with greater benefits in patients not taking antihyperlipidemic drugs (STA-2: -9.10 ± 19.96 mg/dL vs. placebo: 4.42 ± 15.08 mg/dL, p = 0.037). Conclusions STA-2 treatment for 6 weeks did not increase exercise time as measured on a treadmill. However, this study also indicated that STA-2 treatment could have potential beneficial effects on LDL-cholesterol concentrations. PMID:27471357

  18. Firebird stent for the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease: short-term clinical outcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Ying Wang; Jin-Bo Wang; Feng Liang; Da-Yi Hu; Ming-Ying Wu; Tian-Chang Li; Chu-Zhong Tang; Ji-Yun Wang; Chang-Lin Lu

    2009-01-01

    Objective The sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) has dramatically reduced the rate ofrestenosis in comparison to that with the bare-metal stent (BMS).This study aimed to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of Firebird stent implantation for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods From Apri12006 through July 2007, 155 patients (mean age 58.93~10.27 years) with CHD were implanted with Firebird stent or Cypher select stent at Daxing Hospital. Patients were followed up for one year. All-cause mortality, major adverse cardiac events (MACE, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, recurrence of angina pectoris, heart failure, revascularization, and adverse arrhythmia) and stent thrombosis were compared between the 2 groups. Results Of the 155 consecutive patients, 147 patients were revascularized completely. Of these patients, 48 (with 59 lesions) were treated with Firebird stent, 59 patients (with 75 lesions) with Cypher select stent. The demographic characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. All the angiographic and procedural results were not significantly different between the 2 groups. All-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, recurrence of angina pectoris, MACE and stent thrombosis were almost identical between the 2 groups before discharge, at 6 months and at one year .Conclusion The short-term efficacy and safety of Firebird stent are similar to that of the cypher select stent for the treatment of patients with CHD.

  19. CLINICAL EFFECT OF TESTOSTERONE IN MEN WITH STABLE ANGINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ya. Kravchenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study efficacy of testosterone undecanoate (TU therapy in men with stable angina and androgen deficiency.Material and methods. The serum testosterone level was detected in 247 men (aged 51,6±1,8 y.o. with stable effort angina. 60 patients with androgen deficiency additionally to basic angina therapy received TU (120-160 mg daily. 54 patients with androgen deficiency (control group received only basic angina therapy. Dynamics of clinical and ECG manifestations of myocardial ischemia and quality of life (QOL parameters was studied.Results. Androgen deficiency is revealed in 114 (46,2% of patients. Therapy with TU during 3 months resulted in reduction of angina attacks and extent of myocardial ischemia (according to Holter ECG monitoring and stress test as well as QOL improvement.Conclusion. Androgen deficiency is observed in 46,2% of men with stable angina. TU increases of antianginal therapy efficacy, improves QOL and is well tolerated. 

  20. Evaluation of computed tomography in patients with atypical angina or chest pain clinically referred for invasive coronary angiography: randomised controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rief, Matthias; Martus, Peter; Kendziora, Benjamin; Feger, Sarah; Dreger, Henryk; Priem, Sascha; Knebel, Fabian; Böhm, Marko; Schlattmann, Peter; Hamm, Bernd; Schönenberger, Eva; Laule, Michael; Zimmermann, Elke

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate whether invasive coronary angiography or computed tomography (CT) should be performed in patients clinically referred for coronary angiography with an intermediate probability of coronary artery disease. Design Prospective randomised single centre trial. Setting University hospital in Germany. Participants 340 patients with suspected coronary artery disease and a clinical indication for coronary angiography on the basis of atypical angina or chest pain. Interventions 168 patients were randomised to CT and 172 to coronary angiography. After randomisation one patient declined CT and 10 patients declined coronary angiography, leaving 167 patients (88 women) and 162 patients (78 women) for analysis. Allocation could not be blinded, but blinded independent investigators assessed outcomes. Main outcome measure The primary outcome measure was major procedural complications within 48 hours of the last procedure related to CT or angiography. Results Cardiac CT reduced the need for coronary angiography from 100% to 14% (95% confidence interval 9% to 20%, Pcoronary angiography: 75% (53% to 90%) v 15% (10% to 22%), Pcoronary angiography group: 3.6% (1% to 8%) v 10.5% (6% to 16%), P=0.014. CT shortened the median length of stay in the angiography group from 52.9 hours (interquartile range 49.5-76.4 hours) to 30.0 hours (3.5-77.3 hours, Pcoronary angiography group (adjusted hazard ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.30 to 2.69, P=0.86). 79% of patients stated that they would prefer CT for subsequent testing. The study was conducted at a University hospital in Germany and thus the performance of CT may be different in routine clinical practice. The prevalence was lower than expected, resulting in an underpowered study for the predefined primary outcome. Conclusions CT increased the diagnostic yield and was a safe gatekeeper for coronary angiography with no increase in long term events. The length of stay was shortened by 22.9 hours with CT, and

  1. Nocturnal myocardial ischemic events and sleep-disordered breathing in patients with coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenli ZHANG; Shiwen WANG; Caiyi LU; Peng LIU; Rui CHEN; Xian JI; Yusheng ZHAO

    2004-01-01

    Objective To investigate the occurrence of nocturnal myocardial ischemia and its relationship with sleep-disordered breathing (apneas and oxygen desaturations) in patients with angina pectoris undergoing coronary angiography.Methods Eighty-two men and 14 women referred for consideration of coronary intervention were randomly selected. Observation by an overnight sleep monitor and Holter recording were performed to study sleep-disordered breathing (oxyhemoglobin desaturations≥4% and apnea-hypopneas),heart rates, and ST-segment depressions (≥ 1mm, ≥1 min).Results Nocturnal ST-segment depressions occurred in 37 % of the patients. ST-segment depression within 2 min after an apnea-hypopnea or desaturation occurred in 17% of the patients. This temporal association was seen in 21% of the patients with nocturnal ST-segment depressions, more frequently in men (P<0.05) and more frequently in those with severe disordered breathing (P<0.05).Most of these ST-segment depressions were preceded by a series of breathing events: repeated apnea-hypopneas or desaturations or both in 73% of the patients. Conclusions Episodes of nocturnal myocardial ischemia are common in patients with angina pectoris. A temporal relationship between sleep-disordered breathing and myocardial ischemia was present in some of our patients, and occurs more frequently in men and in those with severely disordered breathing. (J Geriatr Cardiol 2004;1(2):90-94.)

  2. Evaluation of coronary plaque and stent deployment by intravascular optical coherence tomography in elderly patients with unstable angina and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Caiyi LU; Jinyue ZHAI; Shiwen WANG; Wei YAN; Xingli WU; Yuxiao ZHANG; Qiao XUE; Muyang YAN; Peng LIU; Rui CHEN

    2007-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the assessment of plaque characteristics and drug eluting stent deployment quality in the elderly patients with unstable angina (UA) and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods OCT was used in elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions.Fifteen patients, 9 males and 6 females with mean age of 72.6±5.3 years (range 67-92 years) were enrolled in the study. Images were obtained before initial balloon dilatation and following stent deployment. The plaque characteristics before dilation, vessel dissection,tissue prolapse, stent apposition and strut distribution after stent implantation were evaluated. Results Fifteen lesions were selected from 32 angiographic lesions as study lesions for OCT imaging after diagnostic coronary angiography. There were 7 lesions in the left anterior descending artery, 5 lesions in the right coronary artery and 3 lesions in the left circumflex coronary artery. Among them,12 (80.0%) were lipid-rich plaques, and 10 (66.7%) were vulnerable plaques with fibrous cap thickness 54.2±7.3 μm. Seven ruptured culprit plaques (46.7%) were found; 4 in UA patients and 3 in NSTEMI patients. Tissue prolapse was observed in 11 lesions (73.3%).Irregular stent strut distribution was detected in 8 lesions (53.3%). Vessel dissections were found in 5 lesions (33.3%). Incomplete stent apposition was observed in 3 stents (20%) with mean spacing between the struts and the vessel wall 172±96 mm (range 117-436 mm).Conclusions 1) It is safe and feasible to perform intravascular OCT to differentiate vulnerable coronary plaque and monitor stent deployment in elderly patients with UA and USTEMI. 2) Coronary plaques in elderly patients with UA and USTEMI could be divided into acute ruptured plaque, vulnerable plaque, lipid-rich plaque, and stable plaque. 3) Minor or critical plaque rupture is one of the mechanisms of UA

  3. Doubling of serum creatinine and the risk of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schneider C

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cornelia Schneider,1,2 Blai Coll,3 Susan S Jick,4 Christoph R Meier1,2,4 1Basel Pharmacoepidemiology Unit, Division of Clinical Pharmacy and Epidemiology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Hospital Pharmacy, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Renal Development, AbbVie, North Chicago, IL, USA; 4Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program, Boston University School of Public Health, MA, USA Background: Doubling of serum creatinine is often used as a marker for worsening kidney function in nephrology trials. Most people with chronic kidney disease die of other causes before reaching end-stage renal disease. We were interested in the association between doubling of serum creatinine and the risk of a first-time diagnosis of angina pectoris, congestive heart failure (CHF, myocardial infarction (MI, stroke, or transient ischemic attack in patients with chronic kidney disease and with diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: We identified all adult patients registered in the “Clinical Practice Research Datalink” between 2002 and 2011 with incident chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus and did a cohort study with a Cox proportional hazard analysis. Results: We identified in total 27,811 patients, 693 developed angina pectoris, 1,069 CHF, 508 MI, 970 stroke, and 578 transient ischemic attacks. Patients whose serum creatinine doubled during follow-up had increased risks of CHF (hazard ratio [HR] 2.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.27–3.89, MI (HR 2.53, 95% CI 1.62–3.96, and stroke (HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.38–2.69, as compared with patients whose serum creatinine did not double. The relative risks of angina pectoris (HR 1.18, 95% CI 0.66–2.10 or a transient ischemic attack (HR 1.32, 95% CI 0.78–2.22 were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Diabetic patients with a doubling of serum creatinine were at an increased risk of CHF, MI, or stroke, compared with diabetic

  4. Effect of Atorvastatin on Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris%阿托伐他汀对稳定型心绞痛患者颈动脉粥样硬化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 曾玉洁; 王德昭

    2015-01-01

    目的 采用彩色多普勒超声评估不同剂量阿托伐他汀对伴有高脂血症的稳定型心绞痛患者颈动脉斑块的影响.方法 连续入选伴有高脂血症和颈动脉斑块的稳定型心绞痛患者123例,根据阿托伐他汀不同剂量分为两组:阿托伐他汀10 mg/d组和阿托伐他汀40 mg/d组.治疗6个月后,对两组患者临床资料、治疗前后颈动脉内膜中膜厚度(CIMT)、颈动脉搏动指数(CAPI)和颈动脉阻力指数(CARI)进行比较.结果 治疗6个月后,两组患者CIMT明显减小、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDLC)明显升高(P<0.05);阿托伐他汀10 mg/d组CAPI和CARI明显增加(P<0.05),阿托伐他汀40 mg/d组CAPI、CARI、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDLC)、高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)明显降低(P<0.01).结论 阿托伐他汀40 mg/d治疗不但能能延缓颈动脉斑块的进展,甚至有逆转颈动脉斑块的可能.

  5. Clinical Experience of Beta Blocker Therapy in Unstable Angina%β受体阻滞剂治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许志茹

    2015-01-01

    目的:针对β受体阻滞剂治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床体会进行分析。方法选择我院在2013年6月~2014年6月期间,收治的80例不稳定型心绞痛患者,分为对照组和观察组。对照组常规心绞痛治疗,观察组常规治疗+β受体阻滞剂治疗。观察两组患者的临床治疗效果、不良反应、心绞痛发作情况。结果观察组与对照组患者的临床治疗总有效率分别为95.00%、65.00%,P<0.05,具有统计学意义。观察组与对照组患者的不良反应发生率分别为2.50%、15.00%,P<0.05,具有统计学意义。观察组与对照组患者的心绞痛发作次数和持续时间均有显著差异,P<0.05,具有统计学意义。结论在不稳定型心绞痛治疗中,β受体阻滞剂发挥重要作用,可以改善患者临床症状,降低不良反应,提高患者生活质量。%Objective To analysis Beta blockers in the treatment of unstable angina clinical experience. Methods Selected 80 patients with unstable angina treated in June 2013~June 2014, divided into control group and observation group. The control group conventional treatment angina pectoris, observation group conventional treatment+beta blockers. Observed the clinical therapeutic effect of two groups of patients, adverse reactions, angina pectoris attack Situation. Results Observation group and control group in patients with the clinical total effective rate respectively were 95.00%, 65.00%, P<0.05, there was statistical significance. Observation group and control group patients the incidence of adverse reactions were 2.50%, 15.00%, P<0.05, there was statistical significance. Observation group and control group in patients with angina frequency and duration were signiifcantly different, P<0.05, there was statistical signiifcance. Conclusion In the treatment of unstable angina, β-blockers play an important role, can improve the clinical symptoms and reduce adverse reactions and improve the

  6. Prasugrel versus clopidogrel for patients with unstable angina or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with or without angiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiviott, Stephen D; White, Harvey D; Ohman, E Magnus;

    2013-01-01

    Treatment with prasugrel and aspirin improves outcomes compared with clopidogrel and aspirin for patients with acute coronary syndrome who have had angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention; however, no clear benefit has been shown for patients managed first with drugs only. We assessed ...

  7. Clinical course of isolated stable angina due to coronary heart disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poole-Wilson, Philip A.; Voko, Zoltan; Kirwan, Bridget-Anne; de Brouwer, Sophie; Dunselman, Peter H. J. M.; Lubsen, Jacobus

    2007-01-01

    Aims To describe the clinical course of patients with stable angina due to coronary heart disease without a history of cardiovascular (CV) events or revascutarization (isolated angina). Methods and results Of 7665 patients in a trial comparing long-acting nifedipine with placebo, 2170 (28%) had isol

  8. Pharmacological Management of Chronic Stable Angina: Focus on Ranolazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosano, Giuseppe M C; Vitale, Cristiana; Volterrani, Maurizio

    2016-08-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention and anti-anginal medications have similar prognostic effectiveness in patients with chronic stable angina. The choice of optimal medical therapy for the management of chronic angina is of pivotal importance in patients with stable ischemic heart disease. The most commonly used anti-anginal agents have demonstrated equivalent efficacy in improving patient reported ischemic symptoms and quantitative exercise parameters. With regards to mortality, beta-blockers are beneficial only in the setting of depressed left ventricular systolic function after a recent myocardial infarction. Recent evidence suggests the lack of any benefit of beta-blockers in patients with preserved systolic function, even in the setting of prior myocardial infarction.Ranolazine is a non-haemodynamic anti-anginal agent. It is effective as adjunctive therapy in patients with chronic stable angina whose symptoms are un-adequately controlled by conventional treatment. The clinical development program of ranolazine has shown that the drug improves exercise performance, decreases angina and use of sublingual nitrates, compared to placebo. Ranolazine is well tolerated with neutral effect on haemodynamics. Besides its role in chronic stable angina, ranolazine has the potential for development in a number of other cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular conditions in the future.

  9. Detection of prominent left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis for patients with stable angina using Doppler tissue echocardiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veyrat, Colette; Larrazet, Fabrice; Cohen, Laurent; Laborde, François; Pellerin, Denis

    2005-08-01

    The midseptum has an elective left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) supply. Septal peak velocity (PkV) and myocardial velocity gradient (MVG) were studied at rest with M-mode Doppler tissue echocardiography during the cardiac cycle including the septal active relaxation (SAR) outward wall motion preceding isovolumic relaxation. In all, 33 patients had significant multivessel coronary artery disease. Group A (15 patients) had prominent LAD stenosis. Group B (18 patients) had prominent circumflex (15) or right (3) coronary artery stenoses. The goal was to detect a prominent LAD stenosis. During SAR, sensitivity to detect a prominent LAD stenosis was 86% for PkV PkV PkV and 0.80 for MVG during systole. In multivessel coronary artery disease, SAR variables better identified a prominent LAD stenosis than systolic variables. Moreover, SAR PkVs were informative per se, whereas systole required MVG calculation. PMID:16084334

  10. Influence of Lipid Transport System Gene Polymorphism on the Dyslipidemia and Coronary Lesions in Patients with Unstable Angina

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz S. Eshpulatov; S.U. Hashimov; Alexander B. Shek; Ravshanbek D. Kurbanov

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the features of lipid metabolism and coronary lesions in view of the combined carrier of the ε4 allele of APOE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism and the S2 allele of APOC3SstI polymorphism in UA patients. Materials and Methods: The study included 141 Uzbek patients with UA class IIB (Braunwald E. et al., 1989) who had coronary atherosclerosis of varying degrees, according to coronary angiography. The control group consisted of 50 healthy, age-matched, randomly...

  11. How Can Angina Be Prevented?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... changes and treating related conditions. Making Lifestyle Changes Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent or delay angina and heart disease. To adopt a healthy lifestyle, you can: Quit smoking and avoid secondhand ...

  12. COMPARACIÓN DE ESTRATEGIAS TERAPÉUTICAS PARA EL CONTROL DE LA TENSIÓN ARTERIAL Y LA ANGINA DE PECHO EN PACIENTES CON HIPERTENSIÓN ARTERIAL Y CARDIOPATÍA ISQUÉMICA CRÓNICA EN LA PROVINCIA DE VILLA CLARA. APÉNDICE DEL ESTUDIO INVEST / Comparison of therapeutic strategies for the control of blood pressure and angina in patients with hypertension and chronic ischemic heart disease in the province of Villa Clara. Appendix of INVEST study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omaida J. López Bernal

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The treatment of hypertension and its complications are a worldwide problem. In our country nearly 25 % of the population over 15 years old is hypertensive, and this figure nearly doubles in those over 60. This research aims to compare two treatment strategies for controlling hypertension in outpatients with chronic coronary ischemic syndrome. Method: A total of 150 patients was included, 73 were randomized to receive calcium antagonist and non-calcium antagonist respectively, as 4 patients were subsequently excluded. Each was asked to sign consent, underwent clinical examination and a 12-lead, conventional electrocardiogram. Blood pressure and episodes of angina were evaluated at 6 months and one year. All variables were entered into a database and statistical analysis was performed using Student's t and Chi square. Results: The mean age was 61,5 years. Women and white skin color were predominant. At 12 months of treatment, blood pressure normalized in more than 80 % of patients without significant differences between the two treatment strategies. Over 75 % of patients in both groups controlled the angina episodes and more than 85 % said the quality of life was good. Conclusions: Control of blood pressure and angina was achieved and there were no significant differences between the two treatment strategies.

  13. Summary of 32 Patients with Cardiac Syndrome X Treated by TCM Therapy of Regulating Qi Relieving Chest Stuffiness and Promoting Blood Circulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAO Jing-yuan; ZHAO Gui-feng; WANG Zhan-wu; MA Xue-peng; ZHANG Zhen-peng; LI Ming; SHAO Lei; ZHAO Chun-yan; GE Yong-bin; WANG Heng-he; WANG Qiang; ZHANG Yun; YU Dong-ling; ZHANG Yu; HUANG Qi; ZHAO Zhi-qiang

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of Liqi Kuanxiong Huoxue method(理气宽胸活血,LKH,traditional Chinese medicine,TCM therapeutic method for regulating qi,relieving chest stuffiness and promoting blood circulation) in treating patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX).Methods:The prospective,non-randomized controlled study was conducted on 51 selected patients with CSX,who were non-randomly assigned to 2 groups,the treated group treated with LKH in addition to the conventional treatment(32 patients),and the control group treated with conventional treatment(19 patients)like nitrate,diltiazem hydrochloride,etc.The treatment course was 14 days.The changes of such symptoms as angina pectoris,TCM syndrome and indexes of treadmill exercise test before and after treatment were observed.Results:After treatment,such symptoms as chest pain and stuffy feeling and palpitation in the treated group were improved more than those in the control group(P<0.05);the total effective rate on angina pectoris and TCM syndrome in the treated group was better than that in the control group(P<0.05).The treadmill exercise test showed that the maximal metabolic equivalent(Max MET),the time of angina onset and ST segment depression by 0.1 mV were obviously improved after treatment in both groups,but the improvement in the treated group was better than that in the control group respectively (P<0.05).Conclusion:The LKH method could reduce the frequency of angina attacks and improve the clinical condition of patients with CSX.

  14. Management of stable angina: A commentary on the European Society of Cardiology guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrosio, Giuseppe; Komajda, Michel; Mugelli, Alessandro; Lopez-Sendón, José; Tamargo, Juan; Camm, John

    2016-09-01

    In 2013 the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) released new guidelines on the management of stable coronary artery disease. These guidelines update and replace the previous ESC guidelines on the management of stable angina pectoris, issued in 2006. There are several new aspects in the 2013 ESC guidelines compared with the 2006 version. This opinion paper provides an in-depth interpretation of the ESC guidelines with regard to these issues, to help physicians in making evidence-based therapeutic choices in their routine clinical practice. The first new element is the definition of stable coronary artery disease itself, which has now broadened from a 'simple' symptom, angina pectoris, to a more complex disease that can even be asymptomatic. In the first-line setting, the major changes in the new guidelines are the upgrading of calcium channel blockers, the distinction between dihydropyridines and non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, and the presence of important statements regarding the combination of calcium channel blockers with beta-blockers. In the second-line setting, the 2013 ESC guidelines recommend the addition of long-acting nitrates, ivabradine, nicorandil or ranolazine to first-line agents. Trimetazidine may also be considered. However, no clear distinction is made among different second-line drugs, despite different quality of evidence in favour of these agents. For example, the use of ranolazine is supported by strong and recent evidence, while data supporting the use of the traditional agents appear relatively scanty. PMID:27222385

  15. Characteristics of Coronary Lesions in Patients Older than 80 Years with Unstable Angina and Efficacy & Safety of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention%80岁以上高龄心绞痛患者冠状动脉病变特点和经皮冠状动脉介入治疗的效果及安全性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘同库; 万凤伟; 丁福祥; 顾明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the characteristics of coronary lesions in patients older than 80 years with unstable angina and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ). Methods A total of 72 patients ( elderly group, over 80 years old ) and 187 patients ( middle - aged group, 40 to 60 years old ) with unstable angina admitted to the cardiovascular center of the affiliated hospital of Beihua university from October 2008 to October 2011 were recruited in this study. All patients received PCI. The risk factors, Syntax scores of coronary lesions, distribution of coronary lesions segments, number and length of stent, short - term effectiveness, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results The prevalence of high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlidemia, and smoking showed significant differences between the elderly group and middle - aged group ( all P <0. 01 ). The coronary lesions of RCA and LCA took place in the 2nd - 3rd segments and the 5th, 11th, 12th - 13th segments respectively in the two groups. The differences in constituent ratio of coronary artery disease ( CAD ) counts, Syntax scores of coronary lesions, number and length of stent, hemorrhagic complications, incident rate of MACE were all significant ( all P <0. 05 ). The significant differences were also found in the blood stream of target vessel TIMI 3 level, acute or sub - acute thrombosis, the incident rate of broke and mortality. Conclusion The coronary lesions in elderly patients had such characteristics as more numbers, more complex and more severity. The short - term efficacy and safety of PCI in treating elderly patients who had angina and pectoris but without severe brain, lung, kidney, valvular lesions were the same as those in middle - aged patients.%目的 探讨80岁以上高龄冠心病心绞痛患者的冠状动脉病变特点和经皮冠状动脉介入(PCI)治疗的疗效和安全性.方法 选择2008年10月-2011年10月在北华大学附属

  16. Treatment Experience in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome and Nocturnal Angina%阻塞性睡眠呼吸低通气综合征并夜间心绞痛的治疗体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱梅生

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)对夜间心绞痛的影响及有效治疗的方法。方法对39例阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征合并夜间心绞痛患者给予经鼻持续正压通气治疗,采用多导睡眠监测系统进行整夜睡眠监测,比较治疗前后指标改善及症状改善情况。结果患者治疗后睡眠呼吸暂停低通气指数、心肌缺血发作率、心肌梗死发作率、心电图异常率降低(P<0.05),夜间最低血氧饱和度、血压控制良好率增加(P<0.05),夜间心绞痛发作次数减少(P<0.05),左室射血分数改善差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征诱发加重夜间心绞痛,经鼻持续正压通气治疗可改善阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征合并夜间心绞痛患者的症状。%Objective To investigate effect and effective treat methods of patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and nocturnal angina.Methods 39 patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and nocturnal angina treated by nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Sleep monitoring was carried out by multi-guide sleep monitoring system. Improvement of indicators and disorders were compared before and after treatment.Results Sleep apnea hypopnea index,myocardial ischemic attack rate,myocardial infarction attack rate,ECG abnormal rate decreased significantly after treatment(P0.05). Conclusion Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome can induce exacerbation of nocturnal angina. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy can improve the symptoms of patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and nocturnal angina.

  17. 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose predicts cardiovascular events in patients with myocardial infarction without known diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henareh Loghman

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and purpose The incidence of cardiovascular events remains high in patients with myocardial infarction (MI despite advances in current therapies. New and better methods for identifying patients at high risk of recurrent cardiovascular (CV events are needed. This study aimed to analyze the predictive value of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT in patients with acute myocardial infarction without known diabetes mellitus (DM. Methods The prospective cohort study consisted of 123 men and women aged between 31–80 years who had suffered a previous MI 3–12 months before the examinations. The exclusion criteria were known diabetes mellitus. Patients were followed up over 6.03 ± 1.36 years for CV death, recurrent MI, stroke and unstable angina pectoris. A standard OGTT was performed at baseline. Results 2-h plasma glucose (HR, 1.27, 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.62; P  Conclusions In this study population, with previous MI and without known DM, 2-h PG and smoking were significant predictors of CV death, recurrent MI, stroke and unstable angina pectoris, independent of baseline characteristics and medical treatment.

  18. Significance of exercise-induced ST segment depression in patients with myocardial infarction involving the left circumflex artery. Evaluation by exercise thallium-201 myocardial single photon emission computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The significance of exercise-induced ST segment depression in patients with left circumflex artery involvement was investigated by comparing exercise electrocardiography with exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (Tl-SPECT) and the wall motion estimated by left ventriculography. Tl-SPECT and exercise electrocardiography were simultaneously performed in 51 patients with left circumflex artery involvement (angina pectoris 30, myocardial infarction 21). In patients with myocardial infarction, exercise-induced ST depression was frequently found in the V2, V3 and V4 leads. In patients with angina pectoris, ST depression was frequently found in the II, III, aVF, V5 and V6 leads. There was no obvious difference in the leads of ST depression in patients with myocardial infarction with ischemia and without ischemia on Tl-SPECT images. In patients with myocardial infarction, the lateral wall motion of the infarcted area evaluated by left ventriculography was more significantly impaired in the patients with ST depression than without ST depression (p<0.01). Exercise-induced ST depression in the precordial leads possibly reflects wall motion abnormality rather than ischemia in the lateral infarcted myocardium. (author)

  19. Associations between disease severity, coping and dimensions of health-related quality of life in patients admitted for elective coronary angiography – a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanestad Berit R

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD, the overall aim was to analyse the relationships between disease severity and both mental and physical dimensions of health related quality of life (HRQOL using a modified version of the Wilson and Cleary model. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, 753 patients (74% men, mean age 62 years, referred for elective cardiac catheterisation were included. The measures included 1 physiological factors 2 symptoms (disease severity, self-reported symptoms, anxiety and depression 3 self-reported functional status, 4 coping, 5 perceived disease burden, 6 general health perception and 7 overall quality of life. To analyse relationships, we performed linear and ordinal logistic regressions. Results CAD and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF were significantly associated with symptoms of angina pectoris and dyspnea. CAD was not related to symptoms of anxiety and depression, but less depression was found in patients with low LVEF. Angina pectoris and dyspnea were both associated with impaired physical function, and dyspnea was also negatively related to social function. Overall, less perceived burden and better overall QOL were observed in patients using more confronting coping strategy. Conclusion The present study demonstrated that data from cardiac patients to a large extent support the suggested model by Wilson and Cleary.

  20. Medications for Angina (Beyond the Basics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of medications used to treat stable angina: ● Nitrates ● Beta blockers ● Calcium channel blockers ● Ranolazine Nitrates or beta blockers are usually preferred for initial treatment of angina, ...

  1. Living with heart disease and angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000576.htm Living with heart disease and angina To use the sharing features on ... please enable JavaScript. Coronary artery disease - living with Heart Disease and Angina Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a ...

  2. Incidentally detected diaphragmatic hernia mimicking angina pectoris with Tc-99m MIBI myocardial perfusion imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cınar, Alev; Sadıc, Murat; Demırel, Koray; Korkmaz, Meliha

    2013-01-01

    In recent years 99mTechnetium methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (99mTc MIBI) is widely used in the evaluation of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). In this imaging protocol besides the cardiac evaluation, numerous other organs are included in the field of view. 99mTechnetium MIBI is taken up in all metabolically active tissue in the body except for the brain. Extracardiac uptake patterns as benign or serious conditions can be revealed during the MPI. In the imaging protocol, we should be aware of distribution of this radiotracer in order to recognize the abnormal uptake. Here in, we present a large diaphragmatic hernia, seemed as a mirror vision of myocardium that was determined incidentally during the MPI with 99mTc MIBI. PMID:24379540

  3. Case of angina pectoris at rest and during effort due to coronary spasm and myocardial bridging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hiroki; Teragawa; Yuichi; Fujii; Tomohiro; Ueda; Daiki; Murata; Shuichi; Nomura

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a 71-year-old male who hadchest symptoms at rest and during effort. He had felt chest oppression during effort for 1 year,and his chest symptoms had recently worsened. One month before admission he felt chest squeezing at rest in the early morning. He presented at our institution to evaluate his chest symptoms. Electrocardiography and echocardiography failed to show any specific changes. Because of the possibility that his chest symptoms were due to myocardial ischemia,he was admitted to our institution for coronary angiography(CAG). An initial CAG showed mild atherosclerotic changes in the proximal segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery(LAD) and mid-segment of the left circumflex coronary artery. Subsequent spasm provocation testing using acetylcholine revealed a bilateral coronary vasospasm,which was relieved after the intracoronary infusion of nitroglycerin. Finally,a CAG showed myocardial bridging(MB) of the mid-distal segments of the LAD. Fractional flow reserve using the intravenous administration of adenosine triphosphate was positive at 0.77,which jumped up to 0.90 through the myocardial bridging segments when the pressure wire was pulled back. Thus,coronary vasospasm and MB might have contributed to his chest symptoms at rest and during effort. Interventional cardiologists should consider the presence of MB as a potential cause of myocardial ischemia.

  4. Mediastinite descendente necrosante pós-angina de Ludwig Necrotizing descending mediastinitis afetr Ludwig angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARICÉLIA BROMMELSTROET

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A angina de Ludwig é uma infecção do espaço submandibular originada, em geral, da infecção do 2º ou 3º molar inferior. Como conseqüência, pode causar mediastinite descendente necrosante, que representa uma forma grave e rara de infecção mediastinal, a qual exige diagnóstico precoce e tratamento cirúrgico para reduzir a alta mortalidade associada a esta doença. Dois casos de mediastinite descendente necrosante pós-angina de Ludwig foram tratados com excelentes resultados em nosso hospital. A drenagem mediastinal transcervical está justificada em pacientes com doença limitada ao mediastino superior. Porém, sepse com comprometimento extenso do mediastino requer drenagem através de toracotomia sem demora.Ludwig's angina is an infection of the submandibular space generally caused by an infection of the 2nd or 3rd lower molar. As a consequence, descending necrotizing mediastinitis, a rare and severe form of mediastinal infection, may occur. The descending necrotizing mediastinitis represents a rare form of mediastinal infection. It presents a high mortality and to decrease that rate it is necessary prompt diagnosis and surgical treatment. Two cases of descending necrotizing mediastinitis due to Ludwig's angina were treated with excellent results in our hospital. The transcervical mediastinal drainage is justified in patients with disease limited to the upper mediastinum. Even so, when there is extensive involvement of the whole mediastinum it is suitable the accomplishment of a wide thoracotomy.

  5. Intervention effects of relaxation therapy on depressive state of patients with class angina%放松疗法对类心绞痛患者抑郁状态的干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚倩; 彭顺蓉; 夏丽娜

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the intervention effect of relaxation therapy on the depressive state of patients with class angina. Methods 107 patients with class angina with the scores of self-rating depressive scale( SDS ) > 50 points from June 2008 to January 2012 were randomly divided into intervention group and control group. The intervention group received the nursing with relaxation therapy,and the control group received the conventional nursing. Comparison of the changes of SDS scores and physical signs after the treatment were made between the two groups. Results In the third to fourth week after the treatment, the SDS score of the intervention group significantly decreased compared with that of the control group( P < 0. 05 ), and the systolic pressure of the patients in intervention group also significantly decreased( P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion The relaxation therapy is conducive to the improvement of depressive state and the control of physical signs of patients with class angina.%目的 探讨放松疗法对类心绞痛患者抑郁状态的干预效果.方法 将2008年6月~2012年1月抑郁自评量表(SDS)评分>50分的114例类心绞痛患者随机分为干预组和对照组,干预组采用放松疗法进行护理,对照组采用常规护理,比较两组治疗后的SDS评分及体征指标变化.结果 放松疗法干预到第3~4 w时,干预组的SDS评分与对照组相比明显降低(P<0.05),收缩压也明显下降(P<0.01).结论 放松疗法对于类心绞痛患者抑郁状态的改善和体征的控制有积极的作用.

  6. [Crescendo angina - an indication for surgery: A short literature survey and a discussion of three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, J M; Kleynhans, P H; Hugo, J M; Verwoerd, C A; Steyn, J G

    1980-08-01

    A definition of crescendo angina is given, followed by a short discussion of the literature on this disease. A case of a patient treated surgically for crescendo angina is reported, and the angiograms of 2 other patients are reviewed to further illustrate the problem. The favourable postoperative course of the patients who underwent an operation for this life-threatening disease is a strong indication for this mode of treatment.

  7. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 in patients with acute coronary syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Regent Lee

    2012-01-01

    To the Editor:I congratulate Wang et al1 in reporting further evidence for the role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9)as a biomarker in acute coronary syndrome (ACS).In this study,the Authors examined the levels of MMP9 and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with a clinical diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris who subsequently underwent coronary angiography to evaluate the presence of coronary artery disease.Two subgroups of patients were defined according to the presence or absence of significant angiographic coronary artery stenosis.The level of MMP9 was significantly higher in patients with angiographic evidence of significant plaque disease (plaque group) compared with those without significant coronary stenosis (non-plaque group).No significant differences in the levels of CRP were observed between the two groups.

  8. The initial management of stable angina in Europe, from the Euro Heart Survey: a description of pharmacological management and revascularization strategies initiated within the first month of presentation to a cardiologist in the Euro Heart Survey of Stable Angina.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daly, C.A.; Clemens, F.; Lopez-Sendon, J.; Tavazzi, L.; Boersma, E.; Danchin, N.; Delahaye, F.; Gitt, A.; Julian, D.; Mulcahy, D.; Ruzyllo, W.; Thygesen, K.; Verheugt, F.W.A.; Fox, K.M.

    2005-01-01

    AIMS: In order to assess adherence to guidelines and international variability in management, the Euro Heart Survey of Newly Presenting Angina prospectively studied medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and surgery in patients with new-onset stable angina in Europe. METHODS AND

  9. Gender differences in the management and clinical outcome of stable angina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daly, Caroline; Clemens, Felicity; Sendon, Jose L. Lopez;

    2006-01-01

    Background- We sought to examine the impact of gender on the investigation and subsequent management of stable angina and to assess gender differences in clinical outcome at 1 year. Methods and Results- The Euro Heart Survey of Stable Angina enrolled patients with a clinical diagnosis of stable...... angina on initial assessment by a cardiologist. Baseline clinical details and cardiac investigations planned or performed within a 4-week period of the assessment were recorded, and follow-up data were collected at 1 year. A total of 3779 patients were included in the survey; 42% were female. Women were......, 1.13 to 3.85), even after multivariable adjustment for age, abnormal ventricular function, severity of coronary disease, and diabetes. Conclusions- Significant gender bias has been identified in the use of investigations and evidence-based medical therapy in stable angina. Women were also less...

  10. Myocardial perfusion defects and the left ventricular ejection fraction disclosed by scintigraphy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ogard, Christina Gerlach; Søndergaard, Susanne Bonnichsen; Jakobsen, Henrik;

    2005-01-01

    Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) have increased risk of cardiovascular disease. For patients undergoing preoperative parathyroid imaging with 99mTc-sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), we combined cervical SPECT and gated cardiac SPECT to achieve information...... about the localization of parathyroid adenomas, myocardial perfusion, and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest. A series of 22 patients with PHPT and no history of myocardial infarction or angina pectoris were recruited consecutively. At 60 minutes after injection of 700 MBq 99m......Tc-sestamibi, SPECT of the neck and gated myocardial perfusion SPECT were performed at the same time. All of the patients who underwent parathyroidectomy had the parathyroid adenoma localized as predicted from the SPECT. Five patients (23%) had myocardial perfusion defects extending more than 15% (range 15-25%), and...

  11. Oral Administration of L-Arginine in Patients With Angina or Following Myocardial Infarction May Be Protective By Increasing Plasma Superoxide Dismutase and Total Thiols With Reduction in Serum Cholesterol and Xanthine Oxidase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratima Tripathi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Administration of L-arginine has been shown to control ischemic injury by producing nitric oxide which dilates the vessels and thus maintains proper blood flow to the myocardium. In the present study attempt has been made to determine whether oral administration of L-arginine has any effect on oxidant/antioxidant homeostasis in ischemic myocardial patients [represented by the patients of acute angina (AA and acute myocardial infarction (MI]. L-arginine has antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties, decreases endothelin-1 expression and improves endothelial function, thereby controlling oxidative injury caused during myocardial ischemic syndrome. Effect of L-arginine administration on the status of free radical scavenging enzymes, pro-oxidant enzyme and antioxidants viz. total thiols, carbonyl content and plasma ascorbic acid levels in the patients has been evaluated. We have observed that L-arginine administration (three grams per day for 15 days resulted in increased activity of free radical scavenging enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD and increase in the levels of total thiols (T-SH and ascorbic acid with concomitant decrease in lipid per-oxidation, carbonyl content, serum cholesterol and the activity of proxidant enzyme, xanthine oxidase (XO. These findings suggest that the supplementation of L-arginine along with regular therapy may be beneficial to the patients of ischemic myocardial syndromes.

  12. 四逆汤治疗对冠心病心绞痛患者生活质量的影响%Sini tang for quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦鉴; 金明华; 吴国珍; 刘红健; 张瑜; 张伟君

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In the evaluation on the effects of intervention on the patients with angina pectoris,whether the quality of life is improved or not is a very important factor while the symptoms and physical signs are benefited.OBJECTIVE: To probe into the intervention effects of sini tang,the classic formula,on angina pectoris of coronary heart disease and compare the effects of simple Chinese herbs,western medicine and integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine on quality of life.DESIGN:Prospective observation and control study in which the patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were taken as the objects.SETTING: Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine of a Hospital Affiliated to a University.PARTICIPANIT : The 88 cases in total were the patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease in the clinic of Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine of First Hospital Affiliated to Sun Yat-sen University from February to August 2003. Inclusion criteria: those compiled with "Guide Principles of Pharmaceutical Clinical Study in Cardiac Vascular System" and "Standards on Differentiation of Coronary Heart Disease with Chinese Medicine". Exclusion criteria: those complicated with various severe diseases. All the patients were randomized into sini tang group,isosrbide dinitrate group and allied medication group of 29,30 and 29 cases successively.METHODS: In sini tang group,isosrbide dinitrate group and allied medication group,sini tang,isosrbide dinitrate and sini tang allied with isosrbide dinitrate were prescribed successively. At the beginning and the end of treatment, it was to observe the attack frequency,condition, severity and persistent duration of angina pectoris and to record electrocardiogram (ECG).The evaluation on quality of life was carried on before and two weeks after medication with the unified inventory and determination device.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparisons of therapeutic effect on angina pectoris control,ECG and

  13. 小剂量降纤酶溶栓治疗不稳定型心绞痛的临床观察%Observation of the thrombolytic therapeutic effect of low-does defibrase on patients with unstable angina pectoric

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建; 王洪铎

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To observe the thrombolytic therapeutic effect of low-dose of defibraseon patients with unstable angina pectoric(UAP). Methods: In the article,36 patients with UAPwere randomly divided into two groups. The therapeutic group (A) and the control group (B), the A group (19case) was treated with low -dose defibrase,the control group (17case) was treated with the regular cure of anti-myocardiaiskemia. Results: The total effective rate of A group was superior to that of the control group (p<0.025) The rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was obviously lower than the group B.(P<0.025) during 72hours,the same as the resulte after one year.Conclusions: The thrombolytic therapeutic effect of low-dose of defibrase on patients with unstable angina pectoric(UAP) is effective、 safety、and can improve the prognocis of the patients.%目的:观察小剂量降纤酶溶栓疗法对不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)的临床疗效。方法:随机将36例UAP分为A、B两组。A组(19例)常规抗心肌缺血治疗加小剂量降纤酶溶栓疗法;B组(17例)常规抗心肌缺血治疗。结果:A组72h内临床疗效显效率66.67%明显高丁B组2.5%(P<0.025);A组72h内急性心肌梗塞(AMl)发生率5.56%明显低于B组37.50%(P<0.025);随访一年间A组心脏猝死及AMI例数也明显低于B组。结论:该疗法高效、安全、能改善UAP患者近期预后。

  14. [THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE CORRECTION OF ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION AND REMODELING OF THE BRACHIAL ARTERY WITH CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC LEFT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY IN PATIENTS WITH UNSTABLE ANGINA WITH COMORBID HYPERTENSION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denesiuk, E V

    2015-01-01

    The study involved patients with unstable angina (UA), comorbid hypertension (AH), myocardial infarction in 55.5% of cases. Systolic blood pressure was (163.2 ± 1.5) mm Hg. Art., diastolic blood pressure--(101.10 ± 0.67) mm Hg. Art., pulse pressure--(61.1 ± 17.0) mm Hg. Art. Examined patients underwent clinical studies, ECG in 12 conventional leads, echocardiography in M and B modes, Doppler ultrasonography of the brachial artery. To correct the detected change using standard combined therapy: perindopril 5-10 mg/day, bisoprolol--5-10 mg/day, atorvastatin--20 mg/day, acetylsalicylic acid--75-100 mg/day. Monitoring the treatment was carried out at 3; 6 and 12 months. Standard one-year comprehensive treatment of patients with UA with comorbid AH resulted in significant improvement of effective endothelial dysfunction in concentric and eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy in 3; 6 and 12 months, however, regression of hypertrophy brachial artery advancing much less mainly in concentric left ventricular hypertrophy. PMID:27089719

  15. 256层ICT探测冠状动脉钙化在不稳定心绞痛与稳定心绞痛患者中的对比%Detection of Coronary Artery Calcification Score and Compare it in Patients Diagnosed Clinically as Stable and Unstable Angina by 256 ICT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱大光

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨256层ICT在探测冠状动脉钙化积分中的意义。方法:采用256层ICT对2组患者进行冠状动脉钙化积分扫描,钙化积分由工作站软件自动获得,132例患者分为2组,55例稳定心绞痛,77不例稳定心绞痛。结果:不稳定心绞痛患者的钙化积分要显著大于稳定心绞痛患者(p<0.05),不稳定心绞痛患者的血管钙化数目要明显多于稳定心绞痛组。结论:不稳定心绞痛患者的钙化更明显,因此预测冠状动脉情况冠状动脉钙化积分可以作为重要指标。%Objective:To detect Coronary calcification score and compare it in patients diagnosed clinically of having stable and unsta -ble angina and they being more prone for cardiovascular risk .Methods:Coronary artery calcification was scanned and its scores ( CACS) were measured through 256-slice ICT in 132 patients diagnosed of having stable and unstable angina .(55 stable and 77 unstable angi-na).the result were analyzed statistically by 2-grouped test.Also some associated risk factors were also taken into concideraton (HTN, total cholesterol ,Triglycerides etc ) .Results:The calcification scores in patients with unstable angina were comparatively more than those with patients having stable angina (p<0.05).Also it found that 3-vesssel calcification was more significant with unstable angina ,where as 1-vesssel calcification was more significant with stable angina cases .Conclusion:Coronary artery calcification scores is of great value in predicting cardiovascular enets .

  16. Tissue Doppler echocardiography reveals impaired cardiac function in patients with reversible ischaemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Søren; Mogelvang, Rasmus; Sogaard, Peter;

    2011-01-01

    = 30) or without (false-positive SPECT, n= 12) significant coronary stenoses assessed by CAG. Regional longitudinal systolic (s'), early diastolic (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured by colour TDI at six mitral annular sites and averaged to provide global estimates...... of the cardiac function was even more evident in patients with a true-positive SPECT with reduced average s' (5.5 ± 0.8 vs. 6.1 ± 1.1 cm/s; P... velocities could be demonstrated in patients with a false-positive SPECT compared with controls. CONCLUSION: In patients with stable angina pectoris, preserved ejection fraction, and reversible ischaemia assessed by SPECT, echocardiographic colour TDI performed at rest reveals impaired cardiac function...

  17. Comparative effects of propranolol and verapamil alone and in combination on left ventricular function and volumes in patients with chronic exertional angina: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, crossover study with radionuclide ventriculography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the use of equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography the effects on left ventricular (LV) function of 160 mg oral propranolol daily and 360 mg verapamil daily alone and in combination were compared in 18 patients with chronic exertional angina. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover protocol was used. The reduction in exercise rate-pressure product induced by the combination (118 +/- 28 mm Hg/min) was significantly greater than that by propranolol (135 +/- 27 mm Hg/min) or verapamil alone (163 +/- 28 mm Hg/min). In patients at rest, neither single nor combined therapy altered global or regional left ventricular ejection fractions (EFs). Verapamil, but not propranolol, increased cardiac volumes of resting subjects; used in combination, no further increase in LV volume occurred. With placebo, exercise global EF did not decrease from the level at rest and therefore no drug effect could be demonstrated for this parameter of LV function. By an evaluation of normalized regional EF measurements the combination was shown to reduce exercise-induced hypokinesis (placebo 52 +/- 20%, combination 61 +/- 23%. No significant improvement was noted with propranolol or verapamil alone; only the combination prevented a significant increase in end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes during exercise. Thus, propranolol and verapamil, used alone in moderate doses, exert no beneficial effect on exercise LV function as measured by EF and volume changes, and resting function deteriorates slightly with verapamil

  18. An Overview of Meta-Analyses of Danhong Injection for Unstable Angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxia Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To systematically collect evidence and evaluate the effects of Danhong injection (DHI for unstable angina (UA. Methods. A comprehensive search was conducted in seven electronic databases up to January 2015. The methodological and reporting quality of included studies was assessed by using AMSTAR and PRISMA. Result. Five articles were included. The conclusions suggest that DHI plus conventional medicine treatment was effective for UA pectoris treatment, could alleviate symptoms of angina and ameliorate electrocardiograms. Flaws of the original studies and systematic reviews weaken the strength of evidence. Limitations of the methodology quality include performing an incomprehensive literature search, lacking detailed characteristics, ignoring clinical heterogeneity, and not assessing publication bias and other forms of bias. The flaws of reporting systematic reviews included the following: not providing a structured summary, no standardized search strategy. For the pooled findings, researchers took statistical heterogeneity into consideration, but clinical and methodology heterogeneity were ignored. Conclusion. DHI plus conventional medicine treatment generally appears to be effective for UA treatment. However, the evidence is not hard enough due to methodological flaws in original clinical trials and systematic reviews. Furthermore, rigorous designed randomized controlled trials are also needed. The methodology and reporting quality of systematic reviews should be improved.

  19. Angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 71. Lange RA, Hillis LD. ... eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 72. Marrow DA, Boden WE. ...

  20. cTnT和CAVI检测联合预测UAP预后的临床评价%Clinical evaluation of cTnT and CAVI combined detection in predicting the prognosis of UAP patient

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭振宇; 廖春燕

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨血清肌钙蛋白T(cTnT)、心-踝血管指数(CAVI)检测联合预测不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)患者预后的临床评价。方法对150例患者,包括36例非冠心病患者、54例稳定型心绞痛(SAP)和60例不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)患者分别进行血清cTnT、CAVI检测,并对60例UAP患者进行2年随访,观察心脏事件发生率。结果三组中UAP组血清cTnT、CAVI结果均高于非冠心病组和SAP组(P<0.05);在UAP组中, cTnT与CAVI均阳性患者心脏事件发生率也比单一阳性患者及均阴性患者高(P<0.05)。结论 cTnT和CAVI检测联合预测UAP的预后有更好的临床价值。%Obiective To discuss the clinical evaluation of cardiac troponin T(cTnT) and (cardio-ankle vascular index)CAVI combined detection to prediction the prognosis of UAP patient.Methods 150 patients, including 36 patients with non coronary heart disease, 54 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) and 60 patients with unstable angina pectoris(UAP), were treated with cTnT and CAVI detection, 60 patients with unstable angina pectoris(UAP) were followed up for 2 years to observe the incidence of cardiac events.Results cTnT and CAVI were both higher in UAP group than that in non CHD group and SAP group(P<0.05). In UAP group, the cardiac event rate was higher in patients with cTnT and CAVI both positive than in patients with a single positive or both negative(P<0.05).Conclusion The clinical evaluation of cTnT and CAVI combined detection to prediction the prognosis of UAP patient is better.

  1. Recent advances in the management of chronic stable angina II. Anti-ischemic therapy, options for refractory angina, risk factor reduction, and revascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Kones

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Richard KonesThe Cardiometabolic Research Institute, Houston, Texas, USAAbstract: The objectives in treating angina are relief of pain and prevention of disease ­progression through risk reduction. Mechanisms, indications, clinical forms, doses, and side effects of the traditional antianginal agents – nitrates, ß-blockers, and calcium channel ­blockers – are reviewed. A number of patients have contraindications or remain unrelieved from anginal discomfort with these drugs. Among newer alternatives, ranolazine, recently approved in the United States, indirectly prevents the intracellular calcium overload involved in cardiac ischemia and is a welcome addition to available treatments. None, however, are disease-modifying agents. Two options for refractory angina, enhanced external counterpulsation and spinal cord stimulation (SCS, are presented in detail. They are both well-studied and are effective means of treating at least some patients with this perplexing form of angina. Traditional modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD – smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, ­diabetes, and obesity – account for most of the population-attributable risk. Individual therapy of high-risk patients differs from population-wide efforts to prevent risk factors from appearing or reducing their severity, in order to lower the national burden of disease. Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines to lower risk in patients with chronic angina are reviewed. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE trial showed that in patients with stable angina, optimal medical therapy alone and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI with medical therapy were equal in preventing myocardial infarction and death. The integration of COURAGE results into current practice is discussed. For patients who are unstable, with very high risk, with left main coronary artery lesions, in

  2. Effect of laser infrared therapy on several rheological indices of blood and on the homeostasis of patients with post-infarction cardiosclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volov, N. A.; Kudinova, M. A.; Fedulaeva, A. I.; Fedulaev, Yu. N.; Gordeev, I. G.

    2001-04-01

    An investigation was made on 38 patients affected by exertion angina pectoris of the I-III functional classes. The patients survived a Q-associated myocardial infarction not earlier than 1 year ago. The patients were treated according to a 10-session course of laser infrared therapy. The dynamics of several hemorheological indices (such as blood viscosity, the hematocrit of venous blood, fibrinogen, fibronectine, thrombocyte aggregation, antithrombin III, and the activated partial thrombplastin time) was estimated prior to the treatment, 5 - 7 days after the beginning of laser therapy, and 30 days after the beginning of laser therapy treatment. It was found that laser therapy was capable of producing a significant decrease in the blood viscosity, fibrinogen level, and in the aggregation of thrombocytes. Moreover, laser infrared therapy carried out on patients affected by post-infarction cardiosclerosis and by stable exertion stenocardia of the I-III functional classes produced a reliable normalization of hemorheological indices of the blood.

  3. Single-center report of 5-year follow-up on 94 patients underwent transmyocardial laser revascularization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QU Zheng; ZHENG Ju-bing; ZHANG Zhao-guang

    2007-01-01

    Background Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) has been used in the treatment of patients with end-stage coronary artery disease (CAD) since 1990. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of TMLR in patients with diffuse CAD.Methods Ninety-four consecutive patients underwent TMLR in one center from July 1997 to December 2000. The follow-up data of these patients were obtained through face-to-face, mail questionnaires, or telephone interviews in July 2004 and December 2004. Four cases failed to respond. Mean follow-up time was (5.5±1.0) years.Results Mean Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) angina scores of TMLR patients were 3.1±0.8 at baseline,1.7±0.9 at 1 year (P<0.05), 1.7±0.9 at 3 years (P<0.05), and 1.9±0.9 at 5 years (P<0.05). At an average of 5 years, 69%of the patients had ≥ 1 angina class reduction, mean NYHA class level (1.9±0.9) ameliorated compared to the baseline (2.5±0.7, P<0.001), the rate of re-hospitalization was 2.7 times/person. Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 87% at 1 year,69% at 3 years and 64% at 5 years. The causes of death were attributed more to heart failure (58.9%) and myocardial infraction (14.7%) after TMLR. The patients with no angina relief, or who died after TMLR, had a higher percentage of preoperative unstable anginas or prior myocardial infraction compared to the survivors. The assorted shapes of myocardial laser channels were detected in some patients by the color Doppler velocity technique.Conclusions TMLR provided a long-term improvement in the quality of life, including CCS angina class or NYHA heart functional class for about 70% of Chinese patients with severely disabling angina pectoris. The various myocardial laser channels would always be visible after TMLR. 5-years after TMLR as a sole therapy, the survival rate of the patients was 64%.

  4. Update on ranolazine in the management of angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codolosa JN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available J Nicolás Codolosa,1 Subroto Acharjee,1 Vincent M Figueredo1,2 1Einstein Center for Heart and Vascular Health, Einstein Medical Center, 2Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA Abstract: Mortality rates attributable to coronary heart disease have declined in recent years, possibly related to changes in clinical presentation patterns and use of proven secondary prevention strategies. Chronic stable angina (CSA remains prevalent, and the goal of treatment is control of symptoms and reduction in cardiovascular events. Ranolazine is a selective inhibitor of the late sodium current in myocytes with anti-ischemic and metabolic properties. It was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2006 for use in patients with CSA. Multiple, randomized, placebo-controlled trials have shown that ranolazine improves functional capacity and decreases anginal episodes in CSA patients, despite a lack of a significant hemodynamic effect. Ranolazine did not improve cardiovascular mortality or affect incidence of myocardial infarction in the MERLIN (Metabolic Efficiency with Ranolazine for Less Ischemia in Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome-TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 36 trial, but significantly decreased the incidence of recurrent angina. More recently, ranolazine has been shown to have beneficial and potent antiarrhythmic effects, both on supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, largely due to its inhibition of the late sodium current. Randomized controlled trials testing these effects are underway. Lastly, ranolazine appears to be cost-effective due to its ability to decrease angina-related hospitalizations and improve quality of life. Keywords: ranolazine, chronic stable angina, coronary artery disease

  5. Efficacy of a device to narrow the coronary sinus in refractory angina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verheye, Stefan; Jolicœur, E Marc; Behan, Miles W;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Many patients with coronary artery disease who are not candidates for revascularization have refractory angina despite standard medical therapy. The balloon-expandable, stainless steel, hourglass-shaped, coronary-sinus reducing device creates a focal narrowing and increases pressure...... ischemia, who were not candidates for revascularization, to implantation of the device (treatment group) or to a sham procedure (control group). The primary end point was the proportion of patients with an improvement of at least two CCS angina classes at 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 35% of the patients...... patient had died and 3 had had a myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: In this small clinical trial, implantation of the coronary-sinus reducing device was associated with significant improvement in symptoms and quality of life in patients with refractory angina who were not candidates for revascularization...

  6. Value of the 201-Thallium scintigram in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients with and without myocardial infraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silber, S.; Klein, U.; Rudolph, W.

    1980-02-01

    The usefulness and limitations of the 201-thallium scintigram in the detection of myocardial hypoperfusions is dependent on the sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the method. The presence of myocardial hypoperfusion can be diagnosed with certainly from a pathologic scintigram only in the absence of false positive scintigrams. Such a high specificity can be achieved only by desginating markedly positive scintigrams as pathologic findings. This, however, necessarily incurs a reduction in sensitivity. In coronary artery disease with previous myocardial infarction, the sensitivity is primarily dependent on the extent of infarction. In coronary arterx desease with no previous myocardial infarction, the sensitivity of the thallium scintigram in patients with 2-vessel disease was found to be less than that of those with 1-vessel disease and 3-vessel disease. As compared with the exercise ECG, the scintigram was more sensitive only in patients with 1-vessel but less sensitive in those patients with 2-vessel and 3-vessel disease. The thallium scintigram is indicated for patients with atypical chest pain, when angina pectoris cannot be ruled out and when the exercise ECG is borderline or non-interpretable. The thallium scintigram is also indicated for asymptomatic patients with a markedly positive exercise ECG. The thallium scintigram yields no additional information relative to the question of presence or absence of myocardial hypoperfusion in patients with typical angina pectoris. In patients with a history of, but with no electrocardiographic criteria for myocardial infarction, the scintigram seems to be of only limited valued. The thallium scintigram is a valuable adjunct in the assessment of the results of coronary artery bypass surgery provided that a pre-operative study is available for comparison.

  7. Predictive significance of residual ischemia proved by dobutamine stress: Echocardiography test in patients early after the first uncomplicated myocardial infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karanović Nevena

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. To evaluate the long-term prognostic value of dobutamine stress-echocardiography (ECG test for new coronary events (new episodes of angina pectoris, cardiac-related deaths, and reinfarctions early after the first uncomplicated myocardial infarction. Methods. Dobutamine stress-echocardiography tests were performed in all of 104 patients 10-20 days after the first myocardial infarction. Patients were followed-up for 36 (29 ± 7 months. Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival curves were tested by Breslow test (Log Rank. Results. Two cardiac deaths (1.92%, nine nonfatal myocardial infarctions (8.65%, and three cases of recurrent angina pectoris (2.88% occurred during the prospective follow-up. Cumulative survival curves showed that in patients with negative findings of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test, survival time without significant events was 35.31 months, while in the group with positive findings of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test it was 30.91 months (log Rank 7.22; p<0.01. Prognostic value of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test was analyzed by Cox regression model and was 2.92, meaning that the risk of significant events was 2.92 times higher in the group of patients with positive findings of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test. Conclusion. Patients with negative findings of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test were with significantly higher possibility of surviving without significant events in comparison with the patients in whom the findings of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test were positive. In combination with clinical signs and ECG results, the results of dobutamine stress-echocardiography test improved prognostic value in the patients with the first uncomplicated myocardial infarction, and in that way influenced the strategy of their further treatment.

  8. Therapy for Stable Angina in Women

    OpenAIRE

    Sarbaziha, Raheleh; Sedlak, Tara; Shufelt, Chrisandra; Mehta, Puja K.; Merz, C. Noel Bairey

    2012-01-01

    Mortality rates for cardiovascular disease are higher in women than in men, but studies of women have been conducted less frequently. Current pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options for women with stable angina are reviewed.

  9. Increased expression of vascular endothelin type B and angiotensin type 1 receptors in patients with ischemic heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malmsjö Malin

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Endothelin-1 and angiotensin II are strong vasoconstrictors. Patients with ischemic heart disease have elevated plasma levels of endothelin-1 and angiotensin II and show increased vascular tone. The aim of the present study was to examine the endothelin and angiotensin II receptor expression in subcutaneous arteries from patients with different degrees of ischemic heart disease. Methods Subcutaneous arteries were obtained, by biopsy from the abdomen, from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery because of ischemic heart disease (n = 15, patients with angina pectoris without established myocardial infarction (n = 15 and matched cardiovascular healthy controls (n = 15. Endothelin type A (ETA and type B (ETB, and angiotensin type 1 (AT1 and type 2 (AT2 receptors expression and function were examined using immunohistochemistry, Western blot and in vitro pharmacology. Results ETA and, to a lesser extent, ETB receptor staining was observed in the healthy vascular smooth muscle cells. The level of ETB receptor expression was higher in patients undergoing CABG surgery (250% ± 23%; P B receptor agonist sarafotoxin S6c, compared to healthy controls (P A receptors. AT1 and, to a lesser extent, AT2 receptor immunostaining was seen in the vascular smooth muscle cells. The level of AT1 receptor expression was higher in both the angina pectoris (128% ± 25%; P 1 receptor expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Myograph experiment did however not show any change in vasoconstriction to angiotensin II in CABG patients compared to healthy controls (P = n.s. Conclusion The results demonstrate, for the first time, upregulation of ETB and AT1 receptors in vascular smooth muscle cells in ischemic heart disease. These receptors may play a role in the pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease and could provide important targets for pharmaceutical interventions.

  10. Sodium Tanshinone ⅡA Sulfonate Combined with Low Molecular Weight Heparin in Treating Unstable Angina: A Meta-analysis%丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠联合低分子肝素治疗不稳定型心绞痛Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵劲波; 李元红; 江洪

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠联合低分子肝素治疗不稳定型心绞痛的效果.方法 计算机检索中国学术期刊网络出版总库、CNKI( 1994-2011)、万方医学数据库(1999-2011)、维普中文科技期刊全文数据库(1989-2011年)中关于丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠联合低分子肝素治疗不稳定型心绞痛的随机对照试验,对符合标准的随机对照试验进行Meta分析.结果 共命中7篇符合条件文献.Meta分析结果显示,治疗2周后试验组疗效优于对照组,总效应Z=6.12(P <0.00001),OR及其95%可信区间4.48(2.77,7.24),其中3项研究对心电图进行评价,治疗2周后心电图改善情况试验组亦显著优于对照组,总效应Z =3.80(P =0.0001),OR及其95%可信区间2.83(1.65,4.84).结论 不稳定型心绞痛患者在常规治疗基础上联合应用丹参酮ⅡA磺酸钠和低分子肝素可明显改善心绞痛症状,有效控制心绞痛发作.%Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of Sodium Tanshinone DA Sulfonate combined with Low Molecular Weight Heparin in treating unstable angina (UA). Methods We conducted Meta-analysis by the randomized controlled trails (RCT) for patients with Sodium Tanshinone DA Sulfonate combined with l>ow Molecular Weight Heparin in treating unstable angina ( UA) from CNKI database (1994—2012) , Wan Fang medicine database (1999—2012), VIP full-text data base (1989—2012) and Medline. Results There were 7 trials. After two weeks treatment Meta-analysis indicated that the rurative effect of combination therapy was better than that of regular group in treating angina pectoris. The total effect was Z =6. 12 (P <0.00001), and the total effect of therapy group was better than that of control group [OR =4.48, 95% CI (2.77, 7.24), P <0.00001 ]. Three items showed that the curative efficiency and significant efficiency in the improvement of electrocardiogram were dramatically better than that of control group, and the total effect was Z = 3.80 [OR = 2. 83

  11. Plasma proteome changes in cardiovascular disease patients: novel isoforms of apolipoprotein A1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oravec Milan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this proteomic study was to look for changes taking place in plasma proteomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI, unstable angina pectoris (UAP, and stable angina pectoris (SAP. Methods Depleted plasma proteins were separated by 2D SDS-PAGE (pI 4-7, and proteomes were compared using Progenesis SameSpots statistical software. Proteins were identified by nanoLC-MS/MS. Proteins were quantified using commercial kits. Apolipoprotein A1 was studied using 1D and 2D SDS-PAGE, together with western blotting. Results Reciprocal comparison revealed 46 unique, significantly different spots; proteins in 34 spots were successfully identified and corresponded to 38 different proteins. Discrete comparisons of patient groups showed 45, 41, and 8 significantly different spots when AMI, UAP, and SAP were compared with the control group. On the basis of our proteomic data, plasma levels of two of them, alpha-1 microglobulin and vitamin D-binding protein, were determined. The data, however, failed to prove the proteins to be suitable markers or risk factors in the studied groups. The plasma level and isoform representation of apolipoprotein A1 were also estimated. Using 1D and 2D SDS-PAGE, together with western blotting, we observed extra high-molecular weight apolipoprotein A1 fractions presented only in the patient groups, indicating that the novel high-molecular weight isoforms of apolipoprotein A1 may be potential new markers or possible risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Conclusion The reported data show plasma proteome changes in patients with AMI, UAP, and SAP. We propose some apolipoprotein A1 fractions as a possible new disease-associated marker of cardiovascular disorders.

  12. Comparação de biomarcadores inflamatórios entre pacientes diabéticos e não-diabéticos com angina instável Comparación de biomarcadores inflamatorios entre pacientes diabéticos y no-diabéticos con angina inestable Comparison of inflammatory biomarkers between diabetic and non-diabetic patients with unstable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marçal de Oliveira Huoya

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Poucos estudos compararam a atividade inflamatória entre pacientes diabéticos e não-diabéticos com síndrome coronariana aguda, e ainda não foi publicado nenhum somente com portadores de angina instável (AI. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve dois objetivos. Em primeiro lugar, comparar os níveis séricos de proteína C reativa (PCR e interleucina - 6 (IL-6 em pacientes diabéticos e não-diabéticos com angina instável (AI para determinar se a diferença na atividade inflamatória justifica o pior prognóstico nos pacientes diabéticos. Em segundo, avaliar a correlação entre os marcadores inflamatórios e o perfil metabólico em pacientes diabéticos e entre a resposta inflamatória e os desfechos hospitalares, como morte, infarto agudo do miocárdio, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva e tempo de hospitalização. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo de 90 pacientes consecutivos admitidos na Unidade de Dor Torácica com angina instável. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: diabéticos e não-diabéticos. Os níveis séricos de PCR e IL-6, o perfil metabólico e a contagem de leucócitos foram obtidos na chegada ao hospital. RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes analisados, 42 (47% eram diabéticos (idade 62 ± 9 e 48 (53% não eram diabéticos (idade 63 ± 12. Não foram encontradas diferenças entre a mediana da PCR (1,78 vs. 2,23 mg/l, p = 0,74 e da IL-6 (0 vs. 0 pg/ml, p = 0,31 entre os dois grupos. Houve uma correlação positiva entre PCR e colesterol total (rs = 0, 21, p = 0, 05, PCR e colesterol LDL (r s = 0,22, p = 0,04 e PCR e contagem de leucócitos (r s = 0,32, p = 0,02 nos dois grupos. Nenhuma associação foi encontrada entre os marcadores inflamatórios e os desfechos hospitalares. CONCLUSÃO: Não encontramos diferença na atividade inflamatória entre os pacientes diabéticos e não-diabéticos com AI, o que indica que esse quadro clínico pode equilibrar a atividade inflamatória entre os dois grupos e aumentar a

  13. Characteristics of urine metabonomics in patients with blood stasis syndrome of CHD unstable angina%冠心病不稳定心绞痛血瘀证患者尿液代谢组学特征的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 李中峰; 赵慧辉; 陈建新; 陈婵; 柴欣楼; 王伟

    2012-01-01

    目的 利用磁共振波谱代谢学方法研究冠心病不稳定心绞痛血瘀证患者和健康志愿者尿液代谢物的变化.方法 通过临床横断面调查研究,收集冠心病不稳定心绞痛血瘀证患者和健康志愿者的一般资料和尿液样品,采用磁共振(NMR)和模式识别技术对磁共振氢谱进行分析,对谱图去水峰后采用0.01化学位移分段积分和归一化处理.所得数据输入SIMCA-P软件,采用偏最小二乘-判别分析法(PLS-DA)对结果进行分析.结果 冠心病不稳定心绞痛血瘀证患者尿液中脯氨酸、丙氨酸、异亮氨酸、葡萄糖、缬氨酸、组氨酸、马尿酸等物质的含量升高;柠檬酸、肌酸酐、牛磺酸等物质的含量下降.结合PLS-DA对尿液样品的分析结果显示冠心病患者与健康人在代谢组学方面存在差异,且化合物分布在性别方面也有差异.结论 研究表明尿液样品中柠檬酸、脯氨酸、异亮氨酸、牛磺酸等代谢物的改变构成了冠心病不稳定性心绞痛血瘀证患者的代谢组学特征,从而为疾病的诊断和治疗以及中医证候研究提供了新思路和新方法.%Objective To study the changes of urine metabolites in patients with blood stasis syndrome of unstable angina of coronary heart disease ( CHD) and health volunteers by applying metabonomics method of nuclear magnetic resonance ( NMR). Methods The general materials and urine samples were collected from the patients (CHD group) and health volunteers (health group) through clinical cross-section survey, and then magnetic resonance spectrogram (MRS) was analyzed with techniques of NMR and pattern recognition technique. The spectrogram after removing water peak was treated with 0. 01ppm segmented integral and normalization. All data were imputed into SIMCA-P + software (v11. 5 , Umetrics, Sweden) and the results were analyzed by using partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Results The content of proline, alanine

  14. Levels of soluble adhesion molecules in patients with various clinical presentations of coronary atherosclerosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Hui-he; SHENG Zheng-qiang; WANG Yi; ZHANG Li

    2010-01-01

    Background Adhesion molecules play an important role in the development and progression of coronary atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to compare concentrations of soluble forms of adhesion molecules in patients with different clinical presentations of coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods One hundred and twenty-eight patients with CAD were divided into three groups; the first group was acute myocardial infarction group (AMI group, n=45), the second group was unstable angina pectoris group (UAP group, n=48),the third group was stable angina pectoris group (SAP group, n=35). We compared them with patients with normal coronary arteries (control group, n=31). The serum levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin and P-selectin were measured in all subjects.Results The serum level of VCAM-1 in the AMI group was significantly higher than in the UAP, SAP and control groups (P <0.01). The level in the UAP group was significantly higher than the SAP group and control group (P <0.01) and the level in the SAP group was significantly higher than in the control group (P <0.01). The serum ICAM-1 level was significantly elevated in the AMI, UAP and SAP groups as compared to the control group (P <0.01). The levels of serum E-selectin and P-selectin in the AMI and UAP groups were significantly higher than in the SAP and control groups (P<0.01).Conclusions Increased levels of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1, E-selectin and P-selectin, as markers of inflammation, showed the importance of inflammatory processes in the development of atherosclerosis and clinical expression of CAD. Soluble ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin and P-selectin concentrations are useful indicators of the presence of atherosclerosis and the severity of CAD clinical presentation.

  15. 不稳定型心绞痛患者血清细胞因子与基质金属蛋白酶-2的关系%Relation between inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinase-2 in patients with unstable angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何亚菲; 夏大胜; 魏民新; 刘清华

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To elucidate the relationship among pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1, IL-6, TNF-a), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) and MMP-2 and their effects on the stability of plaque in unstable angina. Methods-. The concentrations of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-a, IL-10, MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were analyzed using ELISA in 170 patients and 30 healthy control subjects. Patients were divided into two groups, stable angina (n = 35) and unstable angina (n = 135). Results; The serum levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-a, IL-10, MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were significantly higher in UAP group and SAP group compared with the healthy control group ( P < 0. 05 ) , and so were the ratio of MMP-2/TIMP-2 and( IL-1 + IL-6 + TNF-a)/IL-10 (P < 0. 05). The levels of above mentioned cyto-kines and ratios in patients with unstable angina were significantly higher than those with stable angina (P < 0. 05). Correlation analysis revealed the level of MMP-2 was positively related to the levels of IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-a. In multiple linear regression analysis, significant positive correlations were found between MMP-2 and IL-10, (IL-1 +IL-6 + TNF-a) /IL-10 and fasting blood glucose separately in patients with unstable angina. Conclusion; The imbalance of proinflammation/anti-inflammation could lead to unstability of the plaque through the regulation of MMP-2, which could trigger unstable angina.%目的:探讨不稳定型心绞痛(UAP)患者血清致炎因子(IL-1、IL-6、TNF-α)、抗炎因子(IL-10)水平与基质金属蛋白酶-2(MMP-2)及其抑制剂(TIMP-2)的关系.方法:选择UAP患者135例(UAP组)、稳定型心绞痛(SAP)患者35例(SAP组)、对照组30例,应用ELISA法检测血清IL-1、IL-6、TNF-α、IL-10、MMP-2、TIMP-2水平.结果:UAP组患者血清IL-1、IL-6、TNF-α、IL-10、(IL-1 +IL-6+TNF-a)/IL-10、MMP-2、TIMP-2、MMP-2/TIMP-2水平高于对照组及SAP组(P均<0.05);Spearson相关分析显示,UAP患者血清MMP-2活性与IL-1、IL-6、IL-10、TNF-α水平正相关(P<0.05);多元

  16. Relationship between the serologic status of helicobacter pylori with the presence of unstable angina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether unstable angina is co-related to seropositivity to chronic Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. It is a case control, descriptive study conducted at CCU in Razi Hospital in Ahwaz a city southwest Iran, from 2004 to 2005. We measured serum HP- lgG levels of participants in CCU in a hospital. Blood samples were drawn during study period from 96 patients (mean age 56 years) with Unstable Angina (UA) according to American Heart Association criteria and from 96 participants free of cardiovascular disease (mean age 58 years) and stored at 20 degree C. Serology results were studied in relation to UA. Using chi squared test, odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated, adjusting for age, gender, and established risk factors. Seventy nine (82.3%) of patients with unstable angina and 55(61.1%) in the control group presented a positive anti HP-lgG. Odds ratio was 3 with 95% CI: 1.9 to 4.3. There was significant relation between HP-lgG positivity and unstable angina (P0.05). Our study revealed relationship between seropositivity of HP-lgG and unstable angina. (author)

  17. Ludwig's angina and ketoacidosis as a first manifestation of diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infante-Cossío, Pedro; Fernández-Hinojosa, Esteban; Mangas-Cruz, Miguel-Angel; González-Pérez, Luis-Miguel

    2010-07-01

    Ludwig's angina is a serious and rapidly progressive infectious process that spreads through the floor of the mouth and neck. In this paper we present an infrequent case of a patient who suffered an odontogenic infection with poor response to the previous treatment, which evolved towards a Ludwig's angina combined with ketoacidosis in the context of a diabetes mellitus not known before. According to the literature reviewed, this case report represents the first contribution of a Ludwig's angina and ketoacidosis as an initial manifestation of a diabetes mellitus. The airway management, the antibiotic prescription and the surgical drainage allowed the healing of the patient without medical complications. Factors of co-morbidity like the diabetes mellitus together with focus tooth of infection may eventually turn into serious medical complications as the diabetic ketoacidosis and develop potentially lethal cervical infections.

  18. Symptomatic relief precedes improvement of myocardial blood flow in patients under spinal cord stimulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koulousakis Athanassios

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spinal cord electrical stimulation (SCS has shown to be a treatment option for patients suffering from angina pectoris CCS III-IV although being on optimal medication and not suitable for conventional treatment strategies, e.g. CABG or PTCA. Although many studies demonstrated a clear symptomatic relief under SCS therapy, there are only a few short-term studies that investigated alterations in cardiac ischemia. Therefore doubts remain whether SCS has a direct effect on myocardial perfusion. Methods A prospective study to investigate the short- and long-term effect of spinal cord stimulation (SCS on myocardial ischemia in patients with refractory angina pectoris and coronary multivessel disease was designed. Myocardial ischemia was measured by MIBI-SPECT scintigraphy 3 months and 12 months after the beginning of neurostimulation. To further examine the relation between cardiac perfusion and functional status of the patients we measured exercise capacity (bicycle ergometry and 6-minute walk test, symptoms and quality of life (Seattle Angina Questionnaire [SAQ], as well. Results 31 patients (65 ± 11 SEM years; 25 male, 6 female were included into the study. The average consumption of short acting nitrates (SAN decreased rapidly from 12 ± 1.6 times to 3 ± 1 times per week. The walking distance and the maximum workload increased from 143 ± 22 to 225 ± 24 meters and 68 ± 7 to 96 ± 12 watt after 3 months. Quality of life increased (SAQ significantly after 3 month compared to baseline, as well. No further improvement was observed after one year of treament. Despite the symptomatic relief and the improvement in maximal workload computer based analysis (Emory Cardiac Toolbox of the MIBI-SPECT studies after 3 months of treatment did not show significant alterations of myocardial ischemia compared to baseline (16 patients idem, 7 with increase and 6 with decrease of ischemia, 2 patients dropped out during initial test phase

  19. Association of Low Levels of Vitamin D with Chronic Stable Angina: A Prospective Case-Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Ab Hameed Raina; Mohammad Sultan Allai; Zafar Amin Shah; Khalid Hamid Changal; Manzoor Ahmad Raina; Fayaz Ahmad Bhat

    2016-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of death and disability in developed countries. Chronic stable angina is the initial manifestation of CAD in approximately 50% of the patients. Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D is crucial for cardiovascular health. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in our region is 83%. A low level of vitamin D is associated with chronic stable angina. Aim: This study was aimed at supporting or refuting this hypothesis in our population. M...

  20. [The prevention of nitrate tolerance in angina patients treated with transdermal nitroglycerin: a comparison of 2 therapeutic regimens (therapeutic outlook versus dosage reduction)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adornato, E; Cecchi, A; Cinelli, C; Circo, A; Dell'Orto, C; Ibba, G; Maresta, A; Perna, G; Rotiroti, D

    1994-01-01

    We studied the long-term antianginal and anti-ischemic effects of two dosage regimens designed to prevent tolerance to transdermal nitroglycerin (TNTG): (1) 10 mg TNTG applied for 16 h with a 'nitrate-free' interval of 8 h; (2) 10 mg TNTG applied for 16 h followed by a 'nitrate-low' interval of 5 mg applied for 8 h. 129 patients completing a 3-month study period were evaluated by repeated exercise tests. Both regimens significantly increased maximum exercise duration at 3 months, from 699.1 +/- 23.4 to 833 +/- 21.9 s and from 686.1 +/- 20 to 789.6 +/- 22.6 s, respectively, reduced the number of patients with 1 mm S-T segment depression and increased the time duration to 1 mm S-T segment depression. Marked reductions in anginal attacks was observed in both groups: from 6.5 to 0.15 attacks per week and from 6.0 to 0.15 attacks per week, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups, and both regimens were well tolerated. In conclusion, our results demonstrate sustained antianginal efficacy, without tolerance, of either 'nitrate-free' of 'nitrate-low' interval therapy with transdermal nitroglycerin. PMID:8087821

  1. Inherited chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 as a predisposing risk factor for the development of angina pectoris

    OpenAIRE

    Gravel, Annie; Dubuc, Isabelle; Morissette, Guillaume; Sedlak, Ruth H.; Jerome, Keith R.; Flamand, Louis

    2015-01-01

    Based on several studies, including ours, we estimate that 40–70 million individuals carry a chromosomally integrated copy of the human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) genome in every cell of their body. This condition is referred to as inherited chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (iciHHV-6). The regions targeted for integration are telomeres, which play important roles in the self-renewal capacity of cells. Whether iciHHV-6 is associated with disease remains unknown. After conducting a population screen (...

  2. Einfluss der perkutanen koronaren Intervention (PCI) auf das Ergebnis der elektiven chirurgischen Koronarrevaskularisation bei stabiler Angina pectoris

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Erik

    2015-01-01

    Erkrankungen der Herzkranzgefäße sind die häufigste Todesursache in den Industrieländern. Chirurgische und interventionelle Verfahren spielen eine wichtige Rolle in ihrer Behandlung. Die Anzahl perkutaner koronarer Interventionen (PCI) nimmt seit ihrer Einführung stetig zu. Bislang ist unklar, welchen Einfluss diese Entwicklung auf das Ergebnis einer späteren chirurgischen Revaskularisierung hat. Für die vorliegende Arbeit wurden 815 Patienten untersucht, die sich im Jahr 2008 am Herzzentr...

  3. Sequelae of spinal cord stimulation for refractory angina pectoris. Reliability and safety profile of long-term clinical application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jessurun, GAJ; TenVaarwerk, IAM; DeJongste, MJL; Tio, RA; Staal, MJ

    1997-01-01

    Background Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is effective in the treatment of severe coronary artery disease (CAD) unresponsive to anti-anginal medication or revascularization procedures. However, there is still concern about its safety, Objective To investigate the reliability, morbidity, and mortality

  4. EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF IVABRADINE AND BISOPROLOL IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE: RESULTS OF COMPARATIVE RANDOMIZED OPEN STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. D. Kurbanov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study influence of ivabradine as compared with bisoprolol on clinical and hemodynamic indices, exercise tolerance, endothelial function, quality of life (QL and erectile function in patients with ischemic heart disease. Material and methods. 60 males with stable angina pectoris were enrolled into comparative randomized crossover open study. One half of patients randomly received ivabradine during 14 days with replace it with bisoprolol for the next 3 months, another half of patients received compared drugs in the reverse order . Treadmill-test and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD test were performed initially and after 14 days of treatment with each drug. QL and erectile function were evaluated after 3 months with Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5, respectively. Results. Heart rate reduced by 16.7±4.6 (p<0.005 and 16.4±4.8 bpm (p<0.005 after 2 weeks of treatment with bisoprolol and ivabradine, respectively. 30 (50.0% and 31 (51.7% patients treated with bisoprolol and ivabradine, respectively , increased exercise tolerance ≥1 min in the treadmill-test. Ivabradine treatment, in comparison with bisoprolol one, was associated by more expressed increase in chronotropic reserve in treadmill-test (p<0.05 and significant improvement of sensitivity coefficient of brachial artery to tension shift in FMD (p<0.005. In patients with endothelial dysfunction bisoprolol (69.4 % and ivabradine (52.8% efficacy did not differ significantly. At the same time in patients with normal endothelial functions increase in exercise tolerance ≥1 min in treadmill-test was observed in 50% (p<0.05 and 20.8% of patients treated with ivabradine and bisoprolol, respectively. Both drugs significantly increased QL, and ivabradine improved erectile function (p<0.005 in comparison with bisoprolol. Conclusion. The If-channel inhibitor ivabradine and beta-blocker bisoprolol have a similar antianginal efficacy in patients

  5. Women and Chest Pain: Recognizing the Different Faces of Angina in the Emergency Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safdar, Basmah; D'Onofrio, Gail

    2016-06-01

    Emergency departments (ED) in the United States see over eight million cases of chest pain annually. While a cardinal symptom of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), multiple emergent and non-emergent causes can attribute to chest pain. This case-based perspective describes the different sex-specific causes of angina seen in ED patients. Once coronary artery disease (CAD) is ruled out with standard protocols, microvascular dysfunction is perhaps the most prevalent but under-diagnosed cause of non-CAD related angina in ED patients. Additional causes include coronary artery spasm, coronary artery dissection, coronary artery endothelial dysfunction and myocardial bridging. Non-CAD related angina is associated with persistent chest pain causing poor function, quality of life, and recidivism. Clinicians should consider additional diagnostics to routinely screen for non-CAD related causes of angina in patients with recurrent chest pain. Future work is needed to better define the epidemiological, clinical, biological, and genetic correlates of microvascular dysfunction in these patients. PMID:27354848

  6. Potentially inappropriate prescribing in older primary care patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Vezmar Kovačević

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the rate of Potentially Inappropriate Medicines (PIM and Potential Prescription Omissions (PPO according to Screening Tool of Older Person's potentially inappropriate Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to the Right Treatment (STOPP/START criteria. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey in community pharmacy. METHOD: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed, during March-May 2012, in five community pharmacies. Patients aged ≥65 years, who collected one or more prescribed medications, were asked to participate in the study, and an interview was scheduled. Patients were asked to provide their complete medical and biochemical record from their general practitioner. RESULTS: 509 patients, mean age 74.8±6.5 years, 57.4% female, participated in the study. 164 PIM were identified in 139 patients (27.3%. The most common were: long-term use of long-acting benzodiazepines (20.7%, use of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID in patients with moderate-severe hypertension (20.1%, use of theophylline as monotherapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, 15.9% and use of aspirin without appropriate indication (15.2%. Patients with more than four prescpritions had a higher risk for PIM (OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.97-4.14, p<0.001. There were 439 PPO, identified in 257, (50.5% patients. Predictors for PPO were older age, presence of diabetes, myocardial infarction, osteoporosis, stroke, COPD and/or angina pectoris. CONCLUSION: STOPP/START criteria may be useful in identifying inappropriate prescribing and improving the current prescribing practices. Pharmacists should focus more on patients with more than four medications and/or patients with gout or pain accompanied with arterial hypertension because those patient may be at higher risk of PIM. Additionlly, patients older than 74 years with diabetes, osteoporosis, myocardial infarction, stroke, angina pectoris and/or COPD may have an

  7. The clinical role of increase of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 concentration in patients with acute coronary syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang Hua; Zhou Zhaoxia; Sun Chaofeng; Ma Aiqun; Cheng Hua; Zhou Ping

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical role of the variation of serum matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8)concentration in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods ELISA method was adopted to detect serum MMP-8 concentration and to observe concentration's differences and features among 80 selected ACS cases (43 acute myocardial infarction and 37 unstable angina pectoris), 43 stable angina pectoris (SAP) cases and 37 control cases.And meanwhile the atherosclerosis risk factors of each case, such as age, sex, hypertension, body mass index, smoking,family history, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia were collected and analyzed as a whole. Results First, serum MMP-8 concentration reached the highest point in ACS, and there was significant difference between SAP and control groups (P0.05). Third, Logistic regression analysis revealed that serum MMP-8 concentration might be the indicator of ACS (B=4.493, P=0.000), particularly, that of AMI (B=9.961,P=0.000). Fourth, linear correlation and linear regression analysis found that only neutrophil was likely to influence serum MMP-8 concentration (r=0.274, P=0.001). Fifth, in the diagnosis of ACS, the area under ROC curve of MMP-8 was 0.785, the sensitivity and specificity were 68.6% and 76.5%, respectively. Conclusion ① Serum MMP-8 concentration has close relationship with the occurrence of ACS, particularly with AMI;② Serum MMP-8 concentration may be one of the predicting indicators of ACS and particularly of AMI;③ Neutrophil may be correlated with serum MMP-8 concentration;④ MMP-8 is of somewhat valuable in diagnosing ACS.

  8. Evaluation of the cardiac performance in patients with coronary arterty disease by the pulmonary blood volume change in exercise testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evaluation of the cardiac performance was studied by the change of the pulmonary blood volume (PBV) during the exercise testing in 17 normal subjects (group N), 18 patients with angina pectoris (group A) and 25 with both old myocardial infarction and angina pectoris (group M). The exercise testing was performed by bicycle ergometer in supine position. Blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output measured by dye dilution method, left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) by multi-gate method, pulmonary artery pressure by Swan-Ganz catheter and PBV was measured during exercise. PBV was estimated by the radioactivity of the systemically administered Tc-99m labeled RBC in the lung field. ROI was adjusted over the right upper and lower lung field. And also the effect of the nitroglycerin was examined. In the result, (1) EF at the peak exercise increased in group N but decreased in Groups A and M. (2) Increased pulmonary artery diastolic pressure at the peak exercise (PAd at exercise) was remarkably higher in groups A and M than group M. (3) PBV was unchanged in group N; however, increased 9.6% in group A and 10.9% in group M. (4) Increased rate of PBV revealed good correlation with ΔEF (r=-0.68, p<0.01) and PAd at exercise (r=0.83, p<0.01), and was considered as the pulmonary congestion due to left ventricular dysfunction. (5) After the sublingual administration of nitroglycerin, the increased PAd and PBV at the peak exercise was suppressed. Particularly, it was remarkable in group A. Thus it was concluded that the noninvasive measurement of PBV during exercise could suggest the extent of the pulmonary congestion and was very useful for evaluation of the cardiac performance in coronary artery disease. (author)

  9. Detection of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina in the acute setting: meta-analysis of diagnostic performance of multi-detector computed tomographic angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarno Giovanna

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA has been increasingly used in the evaluation of the coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to review the literature on the diagnostic performance of MDCTA in the acute setting, for the detection of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI and unstable angina pectoris (UAP. Methods A Pubmed and manual search of the literature published between January 2000 and June 2007 was performed. Studies were included that compared MDCTA with clinical outcome and/or CA in patients with acute chest pain, presenting at the emergency department. More specifically, studies that only included patients with initially negative cardiac enzymes suspected of having NSTEMI or UAP were included. Summary estimates of diagnostic odds ratio (DOR, sensitivity and specificity, negative (NLR and positive likelihood ratio (PLR were calculated on a patient basis. Random-effects models and summary receiver operating curve (SROC analysis were used to assess the diagnostic performance of MDCTA with 4 detectors or more. The proportion of non assessable scans (NAP on MDCTA was also evaluated. In addition, the influence of study characteristics of each study on diagnostic performance and NAP was investigated with multivariable logistic regression. Results Nine studies totalling 566 patients, were included in the meta-analysis: one randomised trial and eight prospective cohort studies. Five studies on 64-detector MDCTA and 4 studies on MDCTA with less than 64 detectors were included (32 detectors n = 1, 16 detectors n = 2, 16 and 4 detectors n = 1. Pooled DOR was 131.81 (95%CI, 50.90–341.31. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.95 (95%CI, 0.90–0.98 and 0.90 (95%CI, 0.87–0.93. The pooled NLR and PLR were 0.12 (95%CI, 0.06–0.21 and 8,60 (95%CI, 5.03–14,69. The results of the logistic regressions showed that none of the investigated variables had influence on the diagnostic

  10. [Prognostic value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in assessing intrahospital outcome of unstable angina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Halima, Afef; Kammoun, Ikram; Sdiri, Wissem; Bachraoui, Kaouther; Chine, Samira; Zoaoui, Walid; Châabène, Olfa; Gargouri, Sami; Keskes, Hend; Lefi, Abdellatif; Ben Ammar, Slim; Boujnah, M Rachid; Kachboura, Salem

    2003-01-01

    Inflammation has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of unstable angina. CRP has been demonstrated to be a reliable marker of prognosis is unstable angina. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of CRP in assessing short outcome of unstable angina. Our study is a prospective double blinded one. We measured CRP in 33 consecutive patients admitted for unstable angina at the 24th and 48th hour. The mean age is 60 years (30 to 84 years). There were 22 men and 11 women. 8 patients were included in class I of Braunwald classification, 5 were in class II and 20 in class III. 14 patients presented cardiac events. The CRP mean value was significantly higher among these patients (12 mg/l vs 5 mg/l, p or = 3 mg/l have a higher risk of developing complications (66% vs 13%, p = 0.002). Elevation of CRP predicted poor outcome of intrahospital evolution with a sensitivity of 86%, a specificity 68%, a positive and negative predictive values of 66% and 86%. The CRP in our preliminary study is an independent risk factor of early outcome of unstable angina. In association with clinical scores and other cardiac markers will lead to a better identification of high risk patients.

  11. 调脂汤治疗冠心病稳定型心绞痛合并高脂血症临床研究%Clinical Observation of Tiaozhi Decoction for Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease Induced Stable Angina Complicated with Hyperlipemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婷; 张士荣; 李培培

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Tiaozhi Decoction for the treatment of coronary heart disease induced stable angina complicated with hyperlipemia, and to observe its effect on serum inflammatory factors. Results One hundred qualified patients were evenly randomized into treatment group and control group. Both groups were given conventional western medical treatment with reference to Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Stable Angina, and additionally, the control group was given oral use of Simvastatin and the treatment group was given Tiaozhi Decoction orally. The treatment of the two groups covered 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, blood lipid levels of total cholesterol ( TC) , triglyceride ( TG) , low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL-C) , high- density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HDL-C) , apolipoprotein A (ApoA) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) were observed. The frequency of angina pectoris attack and the dosage of Nitroglycerin Tablets per week in both groups were recorded during the treatment. Therapeutic effect on lowering blood lipid and on improving electrocardiogram was evaluated after treatment. Serum levels of hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), homocysteic acid (Hcy), adiponectin (APN), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) were detected before and after treatment. Results(1) The results of Ridit analysis showed that the treatment group had better therapeutic effect on lowering blood lipid and on improving electrocardiogram than the control group ( P<0.05) . ( 2) After treatment, TG, HDL-C, ApoB and ApoA levels were much improved in the treatment group compared with those in the control group (P<0.01) . ( 3) The frequency of angina pectoris attack and the dosage of Nitroglycerin Tablets per week were reduced in the treatment group compared with those in the control group (P<0.01) . (4) After treatment, the treatment group had lower hs-CRP, IL-6, Hcy and ox-LDL levels, and higher APN

  12. Short-term effects of ivabradine in patients with chronic stable ischemic heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam Zaky

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ivabradine is a novel selective If current inhibitor with anti-ischemic and antianginal activity. Objectives: To assess the effect of the selective If current inhibitor ivabradine on heart rate, angina pectoris, and functional capacity in stable patients with chronic coronary artery disease on maximally tolerated medical therapy. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients from the out-patient cardiology clinic with stable coronary artery disease documented by coronary angiography were included. Patients had to be on maximally tolerated medical therapy with β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or receptor blockers (ACE-I or ARB, antiplatelets, statins, nitrates, and anti-metabolics with a baseline heart rate of at least 70 beats per minute. All patients underwent assessment of angina (Canadian Cardiovascular Society Angina Class: CCS I to IV and functional capacity (using a validated self-administered questionnaire, at baseline and after 4 months of ivabradine therapy. Results: Twenty patients were enrolled (mean age 47 ± 7 years, all male, 60% with hypertension, 30% with diabetes mellitus. Patients were on optimal medical regimen of aspirin (100%, β-blocker (100%, statins (100%, clopidogrel (90%, nitrates (35%, anti-metabolics (90%, and ACE-I or ARB (95%. At baseline, the majority of patients (90% were in CCS class II-IV. All patients were started on ivabradine 5 mg twice daily, and in 12 patients the dose was increased to 7.5 mg twice daily. After 4 months of treatment, the heart rate was significantly reduced from an average of 82 ± 8 to 68 ± 6 bpm ( P < 0.001. The reduction in heart rate was accompanied by a significant improvement in functional capacity (score 3.5 ± 0.9 to 4.7 ± 0.7, P < 0.001 and angina classification; at baseline 10% of the patients were in CCS class I compared to 50% after 4 months of therapy ( P = 0.01. No symptomatic bradycardia was reported with ivabradine. Conclusion: The addition

  13. Angina monocitica con sovrainfezione da Prevotella denticola: caso clinico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Allù

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Monocytic angina with superinfection of Prevotella denticola: clinical case Monocytic angina is a clinical sindrome caused by Epstein-Barr virus characterized by fever, pharyngitis, exudative tonsillitis, swollen lymphoglands, splenomegaly and hepatomegaly.The inflamed pharynx and necrotic tonsils of infectious mononucleosis are subject to bacterial superinfection initially or during the course of the illness; the reduced PO2 tension and low oxidation-reduction potential that prevail in a vascular and necrotic tissues favour the growth of anaerobes. In this article we reported the clinical case of a ten years old children, who presented fever and tonsillopharyngitis; he was treated with cefotaxime and piperacillin, he did not improve in health. He was admitted to hospital (Department of Otorhinolaryngology. The patient was treated with aminoglycoside (tobramycin, piperacillin and cortisone; the clinical situation deteriorated. Pus sample was collected from the tonsils and cultured. Isolated strain from culture anaerobic was identified biochemically (Rapid-ID32ANA.The microorganism isolated was: Prevotella denticola (oral anaerobic gram-negative rods; β-lactamase production was tested by using the chromogenic cephalosporin disk test.The susceptibility to antibiotics was performed according to NCCLS recommendations. Prevotella denticola (β-lactamase production was resistant to penicillin, cefoxitin, cefotetan, piperacillin, clindamycin and metronidazole it was susceptible to piperacillin-tazobactam, amoxicillin-clavulanate, ticarcillin-clavulanate, imipenem and chloramphenicol. Children was treated with piperacillin-tazobactam, with rapid symptomatic relief.

  14. A case of relapsing polychondritis mimicking Ludwig’s angina

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    Adnan Agha

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Relapsing polychondritis (RP is a severe progressive inflammatory condition involving cartilaginous structures and caused by an autoimmune process, for which there is no confirmatory serological biomarker and which still is diagnosed on a mainly clinical basis. RP has been associated with many diseases like Sweet’s syndrome, Behcet’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune disorders. We attempt to describe here a unique case of a 38-year-old female with a high-grade fever, sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, hoarseness of the voice, and found to have signs of tongue swelling and inflammation of the oral cavity that mimicked Ludwig’s angina, necessitating antibiotic use. On careful re-evaluation the patient was diagnosed to have relapsing polychondritis based on auricular and respiratory tract chondritis and response to steroids. The purpose of this report is to emphasize the fact that careful clinical assessment is needed to diagnose RP, which may be misdiagnosed as Ludwig’s angina.

  15. Arteriosclerotic coronary arterial aneurysms in a 49-year-old man with crescendo angina: family history, natural course and prevalence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, K W; Jesse, R; Deeg, P

    1977-01-01

    In a 49-year-old man with crescendo angina, elevated serum cholesterol level and an old posterior myocardial infarction, selective coronary arteriography showed multiple arteriosclerotic aneurysms of the right coronary artery associated with extensive and severe arteriosclerotic disease of the left coronary artery. The patient's mother and brother have both died of a myocardial infarction. Another brother suffers from angina and has documented arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease. Two sisters suffer from angina as well. The possibility of embolization of distal vessels from a friable clot of the aneurysms as a cause of the patient's infarction is discussed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the tenth patient with nonfistulous arteriosclerotic coronary artery aneurysm diagnosed and documented angiographically ante mortem. Including the present case and reviewing the literature, the prevalence of this condition among nonfistulous coronary aneurysms diagnosed ante mortem is 35 per cent and henceforth cannot be regarded as an incidental autopsy finding in cardiac asymptomatic patients.

  16. Predicting prognosis in stable angina - results from the Euro heart survey of stable angina: prospective observational study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daly, Caroline A.; De Stavola, Bianca; Sendon, Jose L. Lopez;

    2006-01-01

    -European survey in 156 outpatient cardiology clinics. Participants 3031 patients were included on the basis of a new clinical diagnosis by a cardiologist of stable angina with follow-up at one year. Main outcome measure Death or non-fatal myocardial infarction. Results The rate of death and non-fatal myocardial...... infarction in the first year was 2.3 per 100 patient years; the rate was 3.9 per 100 patient years in the subgroup (n = 994) with angiographic confirmation of coronary disease. The clinical and investigative factors most predictive of adverse outcome were comorbidity, diabetes, shorter duration of symptoms......, increasing severity of symptoms, abnormal ventricular function, resting electrocardiogaphic changes, or not having any stress test done. Results of non-invasive stress tests did not significantly predict outcome in the population who had tests done. A score was constructed using the parameters predictive of...

  17. Angina - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chinese - Simplified (简体中文) Chinese - Traditional (繁體中文) French (français) Hindi (हिन्दी) Japanese (日本語) Korean (한국어) Portuguese (português) ... poitrine - français (French) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Hindi (हिन्दी) Angina हिन्दी (Hindi) Bilingual PDF ...

  18. 阿托伐他汀对不稳定型心绞痛患者血浆C-反应蛋白和血脂的影响%Effects of atorvastatin on C-reactive protein and blood lipid levels in patients with unstable angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2014-01-01

    目的 分析阿托伐他汀对不稳定型心绞痛(UA)患者血浆C-反应蛋白和血脂的影响.方法 将200例UA患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组100例,两组均采用常规治疗,治疗组在此基础上给予阿托伐他汀20 mg/d,疗程12周,观察两组研究对象血脂以及炎症因子C-反应蛋白的差异,并比较两组治疗前后血脂和血浆C-反应蛋白的变化.结果 与对照组比较,治疗组可明显降低血脂及C-反应蛋白水平,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 UA患者早期应用阿托伐他汀治疗可以降低患者血浆CRP的浓度,降低胆固醇、甘油三酯和低密度脂蛋白,减轻炎症反应,稳定动脉粥样硬化斑块.%Objective To analyze the effect of atorvastatin on C-reactive protein and blood lipid levels in patients with unstable angina(UA).Methods Two hundred patients with unstable angina were randomly divided into treatment group and control group.The patients in the two groups were all given conventional treatment,and the patients in treatment group were given atorvastatin 20 mg/d,the course was 12 weeks.The levels of blood fat and C-reactive protein before and after treatment in the two groups were observed.Results Compared with control group,the levels of blood fat and C-reactive protein reduced significantly in treatment group (P < 0.01).Conclusions Early administration of atorvastatin can decrease the plasma concetration of hs-CRP,TC,TG and LDL-C significantly in patients with unstable angina,relieve the inflammatory reaction and stablize the atherosclerotic plaque.

  19. Angina de pecho en mujeres del departamento de Nariño Angina de peito em mulheres do departamento de Nariño Angina Pectoris in Women from the Department of Nariño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Ofelia Narváez Erazo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe el estado del conocimiento sobre la enfermedad coronaria en las mujeres en el departamento de Nariño. La consulta a expertos, las visitas institucionales y la revisión documental a nivel regional, permitieron estructurar una visión general de la enfermedad coronaria en las mujeres en comparación con los hallazgos encontrados en estudios nacionales e internacionales, además visualiza algunas concepciones culturales que condicionan los comportamientos. Se concluye que en Nariño comienza a esbozarse el intento de llenar el vacío investigativo respecto al tema desde el objeto de estudio del enfermero.O artigo descreve o estado de conhecimento sobre a doença coronária nas mulheres no departamento de Nariño. A consulta de especialistas, as visitas institucionais e a revisão documental a nível regional possibilitaram a estruturação de uma visão geral da doença coronária nas mulheres a respeito dos achados encontrados em estudos nacionais e internacionais, além de visualizar algumas concepções culturais que condicionam os comportamentos. Conclui-se que em Nariño começa a se manifestar a tentativa de fechar a brecha nas pesquisas relativas a este tópico desde o objeto de estudo do enfermeiro.This article describes the state of knowledge about the coronary disease in women from the Department of Nariño. Expert consultation, institutional visits and document review at regional level allowed structuring an overview of the coronary disease in women in contrast with the findings of national and international studies. Likewise, it considers some cultural conceptions conditioning behaviors. It was found that in Nariño an attempt to fill in the research void about the issue is originating from the nurse subject of study.

  20. Blood flow structure in patients with coronary heart disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinova, Lidia I.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Denisova, Tatyana P.; Tuchin, Valery V.

    2007-05-01

    Blood flow structure was studied by PC integrated video camera with following slide by slide analysis. Volumetric blood flow velocity was supporting on constant level (1 ml/h). Silicone tube of diameter comparable with coronary arteries diameter was used as vessel model. Cell-cell interactions were studied under glucose and anticoagulants influence. Increased adhesiveness of blood cells to tube walls was revealed in patient with coronary heart disease (CHD) compare to practically healthy persons (PHP). In patients with stable angina pectoris of high functional class and patients with AMI shear stress resistant erythrocyte aggregates were predominating in blood flow structure up to microclots formation. Clotting and erythrocytes aggregation increase as response to glucose solution injection, sharply defined in patients with CHD. Heparin injection (10 000 ED) increased linear blood flow velocity both in patients with CHD and PHP. After compare our results with other author's data we can consider that method used in our study is sensible enough to investigate blood flow structure violations in patients with CHD and PHP. Several differences of cell-cell interaction in flow under glucose and anticoagulant influence were found out in patients with CHD and PHP.

  1. Changes of serum hepatocyte growth factor before and after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with unstable angina pectoris and significance there%不稳定性心绞痛患者冠脉介入手术前后血清肝细胞生长因子水平的改变及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁夫; 杨建敏; 潘浩; 童国新; 李佩璋; 张邢玮; 徐坚; 吴桂萍; 金建芬; 周亮; 叶显华

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨不稳定性心绞痛患者经皮冠脉介入治疗(PCI)术前术中及术后血清肝细胞生长因子(HGF)水平的改变及意义.方法 70例不稳定性心绞痛患者根据是否介入治疗分成PCI组(49例)和非PCI组(21例),两组在PCI或冠脉造影术中均应用普通肝素,PCI组术后用低分子肝素7 d.分别在术前、术中、术后即刻、术后24 h及7 d以免联免疫法测定血清HGF的水平.PCI组于术前和术后24 h检测肌钙蛋白I(cTnI).结果 PCI组术前HGF水平显著高于非PCI组(13 566ng/L±3769 ng/L vs 1736 ng/L±604 ng/L,P<0.01),PCI组和非PCI组术后即刻HGF水平均比术前显著升高,(11 457 ng/L±2298 ng/L vs 967 ng/L±349 ng/L,P<0.01),但两组间比较HGF的改变无统计学意义.PCI术后第7天时cTnI阳性组血清HGF水平仍显著高于非PCI组(P<0.01),而cTnI阴性组已降至手术前水平.结论 严重冠脉病变的不稳定性心绞痛患者伴有外周血HGF水平升高;PCI术后cTnI阳性组血清HGF水平的延迟降低与心肌微梗死有一定的关系.

  2. Analysis on correlation between serum high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and SYNTAX score in patients with unstable angina pectoris%不稳定性心绞痛患者超敏肌钙蛋白T与冠状动脉SYNTAX评分相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄增旭; 宋耀明

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨不稳定性心绞痛患者超敏肌钙蛋白T(hs-cTnT)水平与冠状动脉病变SYNTAX评分之间的关系.方法 将157例不稳定性心绞痛患者根据冠状动脉造影结果SYNTAX评分分为低分组(评分<22分,97例)和中高分组(评分≥22分,60例),对比分析两组患者的临床资料和血清hs-cTnT表达水平,应用双变量相关分析、多元线性回归和Logistic回归分析hs-cTnT与冠状动脉SYNTAX评分之间的相关性.结果 (1)中高分组血清中hs-cTnT水平明显高于低分组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);(2)患者血清中hs-cTnT水平与冠状动脉SYNTAX评分有相关性(r=0.661,P<0.01);(3)多元线性回归分析显示hs-cTnT水平与冠状动脉SYNTAX评分独立相关(β=0.077,P<0.01);(4) Logistic回归分析显示hs-cTnT是冠状动脉SYNTAX评分的独立预测因子(OR=1.148,95%CI:1.087~1.212;P=0.001).结论 在不稳定性心绞痛患者中,hs-cTnT水平升高可能提示患者冠状动脉病变严重程度.

  3. 参芎葡萄糖注射液治疗老年冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效观察%Therapeutic effects of Salivae Miltiorrhizae Liguspyragine Hydrochloride and Glucose injection in angina pectoris in elderly patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李豫川

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨参芎葡萄糖注射液治疗老年冠心病心绞痛的临床疗效观察.方法:对68例老年冠心病心绞痛的患者随机分成观察组34例,对照组34例,均给予常规治疗,观察组加参芎葡萄糖注射液,疗程均为2周.观察临床症状及心电图的改善情况,测定血流变学指标的变化.结果:观察组临床症状及心电图改善明显优于对照组,观察组治疗前后血液流变学指标有显著下降(P<0.05).对照组治疗前后血液流变学指标无明显差异(P>0.05).结论:参芎葡萄糖注射液治疗老年冠心病心绞痛安全有效.

  4. Association of the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene with unstable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.R. Iturry-Yamamoto

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene consists of the substitution of a guanine base by a thymine at the 894th nucleotide of the gene. An association of this polymorphism with acute coronary syndromes has been described, only when in combination with other polymorphisms of this gene. The aim of the present study was to search for an association between this polymorphism and unstable angina in a southern Brazilian population. In a case-control study, 156 patients (group 1 (N = 83: unstable angina, group 2 (N = 73: stable angina were genotyped by PCR and digestion of the product. Univariate analysis demonstrated that the minimal luminal diameter and the degree of stenosis of the culprit lesion differed between groups (P = 0.006 and 0.005, respectively. In addition, the frequencies of the T allele and of the T allele carriers (combined TT and TG genotypes were significantly higher in the group with unstable angina (41.6 vs 28.8%; P = 0.025, Pearson chi-square test, and 73.5 vs 45.2%; P = 0.001, Pearson chi-square test, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the frequency of the T allele carriers was the only variable with a predictive value for unstable angina, when controlled for the other variables (6.1 (95% CI = 2.55-14.43; P T polymorphism was associated with unstable angina. We suggest that this polymorphism may be a genetic risk factor for unstable angina.

  5. Preinfarction angina: old story initiates new attention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Jun-bo

    2012-01-01

    Since first report by Murry et al1 in 1986,the role of ischemia preconditioning before sustained coronary occlusion in protecting myocardium and reducing infarct size has been identified in animal studies.2-4 The mechanism underlying the endogenous cardioprotective effects of ischemia preconditioning is complex and may involve humoral,neural,or a combination of both,with different signaling pathwaysinvolving adenosine,bradykinin,protein kinases and K(ATP) channels.5,6 In humans,episodes of angina before acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may also confer a preconditioning or protective effect.

  6. Plasma lipids profile and erythrocytes system in patients with coronary heart disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinova, Lidia I.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Denisova, Tatyana P.

    2006-08-01

    Erythrocytes system study can provide a framework for detailed exploration of blood cell-cell and cell-vessel wall interactions, one of the key patterns in blood and vascular pathophysiology. Our objective was to explore erythrocytes system in patients with stable angina pectoris II f.c. (Canadian classification). The participants (N = 56, age 40 - 55 years) without obesity, glucose tolerance violations, lipid lowering drugs treating, heart failure of II and more functional classes (NYHA), coronary episode at least 6 months before study were involved in the study. Blood samples were incubated with glucose solutions of increasing concentrations (from 2.5% to 20% with 2.5% step) during 60 mm (36° C). In prepared blood smears erythrocyte's sizes were studied. Plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride and glucose levels were also measured. Received data were approximated by polynomials of high degree, with after going first and second derivations. Erythrocytes system "behavior" was studied by means of phase pattern constructing. By lipids levels all the patient were divided into five groups: 1) patients with normal lipids levels, 2) patients with borderline total cholesterol level, 3) patients with isolated hypercholesterolemia, 4) patients with isolated hypertriglyceridemia and 5) patients with combined hyperlipidemia. Erythrocytes size lowering process was of set of "stages", which characteristics differ significantly (p > 0.05) in all five groups. Their rate and acceleration characteristics allow us to detect type of lipid profile in patients. Erythrocyte system disturbing by glucose concentration increase show to be most resistant in group of patients with isolated hypercholesterolemia.

  7. ONE CASE REPORT OF ANGINA TONSILLARIS INDUCED MEDIASTINAL ABSCESS AND THORACIC EMPYEMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qing-yun; WANG Xi; WAN Huan-ying; DENG Wei-wu

    2009-01-01

    A 27-year-old female patient with mediastinal abscess and thoracic empyema developed from angina tonsillaris was studied clinically on the manifestations, computed tomography (CT) scan, and the treatment process. The patient was admitted to hospital with a history of fever, sore throat, and chest and neck pain. CT showed air and air-fluid levels within mediastinal dense fatty planes that extended from the thoracic inlet to the sub-carinal region and left pleural empyema. She was cured by mediastinal drainage and extensive debridement of the necrotic tissue under operation and broad spectrum antibiotics treatment. Angina tonsillaris induced acute mediastitis and mediastinal abscess is a relatively rare inflammatory pathology but actually a fatal situation for its high mortality rate. CT scanning is extremely useful for early diagnosis and surgical treatment planning. The main treatment is aggressive and adequate surgical drainage of the abscess and intravenous effective antibiotic treatment.

  8. Diagnostic Value of Spiral on Kidney Angina%螺旋CT对肾绞痛的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨泽年; 张婷

    2003-01-01

    Objective Study the three methods' diacrisis value:X ray sheet of kidney angina cause of urinary calculus,vein renal pelvis contrast and spiral CT. Method Look back on and study 50 clinical kidney angina patients who have taken X ray sheet,or vein renal pelvis contrast, or spiral CT treatment. Compare those three methods and find the calculus positive rate and the areas of calculus frequently happening. Result X ray sheet finds that the calculus positive rate is 58%. Vein renal pelvis contrast finds that the calculus positive rate is 74%. Spiral CT finds that the calculus positive rate is 96% .All the calculus leans to appearing at the hypo - segment of ureter. And the Same - side kidney gets dropsy of different degree.Conclusion Urinary calculus, especially ureter hypo - segment calculus is the main cause of kidney angina. And spiral CT scanning is the best way to find calculus.

  9. Intervention effects of atorvastatin calcium tablets on soluble CD40 ligand and C-reactive protein in patients with cardiac angina%阿托伐他汀钙片对心绞痛患者血清可溶性CD40配体与C反应蛋白的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆玲; 杨永全

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the intervention of level of atorvastatin calcium tablets (lipitor) on soluble CD40 (CD40L) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with angina.Methods 65 patients with coronary heart disease were divided into stable angina (SA group,n= 30) and unstable angina (UA group,n= 35).The vein blood was collected in the hospitalized morning,2,4,6 weeks after treatment and serum levels of hs-CRP and CD40L were measured and compared between the two groups.Results The levels of soluable CD40L [(20.52± 2.91)μg/L] and CRP [(7.96±1.69) mg/L] in UA group were higher than SA group [(7.96±-1.35) tg/L and ( 1.58 ± 0.91 ) mg/L] (t = 21.705、18.493,both P< 0.05) before treatment,and after treatment,their levels in the two groups were significantly lower than pre-treatment (P<0.01).Conclusions CD40L and hs-CRP may involved in the pathophysiology of unstable angina process and can be used as an indicator reflecting vulnerable plaque.Lipitor might enhance stability of atherosclerotic plaque and prevent acute coronary events by reducing levels of CD40L and hs-CRP.%目的 探讨阿托伐他汀钙片对心绞痛患者血清可溶性CD40配体(CD40L)与高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)的干预作用.方法 65例冠心病患者,其中稳定型心绞痛患者30例(SA组),不稳定型心绞痛患者35例(UA组),所有患者于入院当天清晨、治疗后2、4、6周静脉血,测定血清hsCRP、血清可溶性CD40L水平,并对两组结果进行比较.结果 治疗前UA组血清可溶性CD40L、hs-CRP浓度分别为(20.52±2.91)μg/L、(7.96±1.69) mg/L,明显高于SA组(7.96±1.35)μg/L、(1.58±0.91) mg/L(t=21.705、18.493,均P<0.05),而两组治疗后血清可溶性CD40L、hs-CRP浓度均较治疗前明显降低(均P<0.01).结论 血清可溶性CD40L、hs-CRP参与了不稳定型心绞痛的病理生理过程,可以作为反映易损斑块的指标,阿托伐他汀钙片可通过降低血清可溶性CD40L、hs-CRP而加强粥样硬化斑块的稳定性.

  10. THE STUDY OF PRODUCTION AND MECHANISM OF ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODIES IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective To assess whether there was strong association between antiphospholipid antibodies(APA) and coronary heart disease(CHD), to study the environmental factors of APA production and APA pathogenic mechanism in patients with CHD.Methods Blood samples from 76 patients with CHD and 30 controls were tested for anticardiolipin antibodies IgG(ACA-IgG),human cytomegalovirus IgG,IgM(HCMV-IgG,IgM) by enzyme-link immunosorbant assay(ELISA) and 6-keto-PGF1a,endothelin(ET) by radioimmunoassay(RIA).Results A total of 27 patients(35.53%) were ACA positive in 76, as compared to 2 of 30(6.67%) healthy individuals, P<0.05. There was no difference in ACA among acute myocardial infarction(AMI,39.13%), old myocardial infarction(OMI,26.53%), unstable angina pectoris(UA,38.40%), P>0.05. The number of ACA positive subjects was higher in HCMV infection patients with CHD than no HCMV infectious patients with CHD. There was no PGI2 and ET level difference between ACA-IgG positive and negative CHD.Conclusion There are strong association between APA and CHD. The HCMV infection may be an environmental factor of APA production in CHD patients with raised ACA. The alteration of PGI2 and ET are not the pathogenic mechanism of ACA in patients with CHD.

  11. The Challenge of Triaging Chest Pain Patients: The Bernese University Hospital Experience

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    Martin Rohacek

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate diagnosis of the causes of chest pain and dyspnea remain challenging. In this preliminary observational study with a 5-year follow-up, we attempted to find a simplified approach to selecting patients with chest pain needing immediate care based on the initial evaluation in ED. During a 24-month period were randomly selected 301 patients and a conditional inference tree (CIT was used as the basis of the prognostic rule. Common diagnoses were musculoskeletal chest pain (27%, ACS (19% and panic attack (12%. Using variables of ACS symptoms we estimated the likelihood of ACS based on a CIT to be high at 91% (32, low at 4% (198 and intermediate at 20.5–40% in (71 patients. Coronary catheterization was performed within 24 hours in 91% of the patients with ACS. A culprit lesion was found in 79%. Follow-up (median 4.2 years information was available for 70% of the patients. Of the 164 patients without ACS who were followed up, 5 were treated with revascularization for stable angina pectoris, 2 were treated with revascularization for myocardial infarction, and 25 died. Although a simple triage decision tree could theoretically help to efficient select patients needing immediate care we need also to be vigilant for those presenting with atypical symptoms.

  12. 护理干预对急性心肌梗死患者心绞痛发生率与不良情绪的影响%Effect of nursing intervention on the incidence of angina and unhealthy emotions of patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田立东; 李志娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect of nursing intervention on the incidence of angina and unhealthy emotions of patients with acute myocardial infarction.Methods:118 patients with acute myocardial infarction were selected from January 2012 to December 2013.They were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group with 59 cases in each.The control group was given routine nursing intervention measures.The observation group was given separate,personalized nursing intervention.The clinical manifestations of patients before and after care were evaluated by using the self rating depression scale and self rating anxiety scale.The incidence rate of angina and unhealthy emotions of two groups were analyzed and compared. Results:The scores of the self rating depression scale and self rating anxiety scale of the two group after nursing were significantly lower than the scores before nursing.The difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The scores of the self rating depression scale and self rating anxiety scale of the observation group after nursing were significantly lower than these of the control group. The difference has statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion:Personalized nursing intervention can effectively reduce the incidence rate of angina in the patients with acute myocardial infarction,and improve depression,anxiety and other negative emotions of the patients,can effectively improve the life quality of the patients.%目的:探讨护理干预对急性心肌梗死患者心绞痛发生率与不良情绪的影响。方法:收治急性心肌梗死患者118例,随机分成对照组和观察组,每组59例。给予对照组患者常规护理干预措施,给予观察组患者单独、个性化的护理干预。用抑郁自评量表和焦虑自评量表评价患者护理前后的临床表现,分析并比较两组心绞痛和不良情绪发生率。结果:两组接受护理后抑郁自评量表和焦虑自评量表评分都明显低

  13. 心绞痛患者血清sLOX-1含量与冠状动脉病变危险分数相关性研究%Plasma soluble LOX-1 level is associated with jeopardy score of coronary artery lesion in angina patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏华科; 吴莹; 甄怀蒙; 霍刚; 李文军

    2013-01-01

    目的 检测心绞痛患者血清可溶性血凝素样氧化低密度脂蛋白受体-1(sLOX-1)的浓度,选择性冠脉造影评估冠状动脉病变的危险分数,分析血清sLOX-1水平与危险分数的相关性.方法 实验分组:心绞痛组,经冠脉造影证实有明显冠脉狭窄的心绞痛患者43例;对照组,经临床检查及冠脉造影排除冠心病的患者15例.两组患者均采集外周血,测定血清sLOX-1浓度.冠脉病变情况以Califf 介绍的危险分数进行评价.结果 心绞痛患者尤其是不稳定型心绞痛患者血清中sLOX-1浓度均明显增高(P<0.01),与危险分数呈明显正相关( P<0.01).结论 血清sLOX-1浓度与冠状动脉病变危险分数密切相关,对评估冠状动脉病变的程度和冠心病患者病情监测可能具有重要的临床价值.%Objective To investigate the level of serum soluble lectin - like oxidized low - density lipoprotein receptor -1 ( sLOX -1 ), the jeopardy score of coronary artery lesion by angiography , and their correlation in patients with unstable angina ( UA ) or stable angina ( SA ). Methods Twenty - six patients with SA, 25 patients with UA and 15 patients excluding coronary heart disease were studied. Blood samples were collected and the level of sLOX -1 was measured by ELISA. The jeopardy score for coronary artery lesion was evaluated, according to the method by Califf. Results The level of serum sLOX -1 in angina patients, especially in UA patients was higher than that in control group ( P 〈0.01 ) , and showed a positive correlation with jeopardy score ( P 〈0.01 ). Conclusion Serum sLOX -1 level is closely correlated with the jeopardy score of coronary artery lesion. Combined with coronary angiography, the detection of the level of sLOX -1 may better describe the lesion of coronary artery, and may better evaluate the prognosis of coronary heart disease.

  14. RE-EVALUATION OF THE MECHANISM AND TREATMENT OF ANGINA DECUBITUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈纪林; 陈在嘉; 徐义枢; 高润霖; 寇文蓉; 姚康宝; 于全俊; 陶寿琪

    1996-01-01

    30 patients with angina decubittus(AD) were studied during hospitalization. These patients were found to have severe coronary artery obstructive lesions and an increase of myocardial oxygen consumption (MOC) before the onset to AD, indicating that AD belongs to the category of effort angina. 18 patients were investigated by continuous hemodynamic mordtoring. Three patients had significant increase in pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (PADP) before the onset. In the other 15 patients, PADP increased slightly in J2 and remained unchanged in 3 cases before the onset. Left ventriculography showed ejection fraction (EF))45% in 25 of the 27 patients. These results indicate that left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction is not a major factor in the pathogenesis of AD. The patients with LVEDP>12 mmHg constituted 60% of 25 patients with EF)45%, suggesting that these patients had obvious LV diastolic dysfunction, which may he the major factor in the pathogenesis of AD. According to the results of our treatment, Beta blockers may be used as the major form of treatment in the patients with AD.

  15. Ectasia coronaria, angina inestable e insuficiencia aórtica

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    Róger A Lanzas Rodríguez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 79 años, conocida portadora de cardiopatía hipertensiva, insuficiencia aórtica y dislipidemia, que se hospitalizó con un síndrome coronario agudo. Durante su evolución presentó cambios electrocardiográficos de isquemia subepicardica anterior extensa e inferior, por lo que se le realizó una coronariografia selectiva bilateral, detectándose ectasia de la arteria coronaria derecha, con flujo lento y retención del medio de contraste. Se refirió el caso para cirugía de reemplazo valvular.Coronary artery ectasia, unstable angina and aortic insufficiency The case of a 79 year old female patient, who was hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS, is presented. She had known hypertensive heart disease, aortic insufficiency and dyslipidemia. During the evolution of her ACS, she presented electrocardiographic changes of ischemia. Selective coronary angiography detected ectasia of the right coronary artery with slow flow and retention of contrast medium. The patient was referred for aortic valve replacement surgery.

  16. MAGNESIUM METABOLISM AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

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    A. V. Yezhov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study relationship of the clinical state and cardiac functional parameters with magnesium metabolism indices in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease (IHD.Material and methods. Patients with stable angina pectoris, II-III class (n=480 were involved into the study. Evaluation of the following items was performed: disease course, anxiodepressive syndrome intensity, exercise tolerance, blood and urine electrolyte profile, systolic and diastolic left ventricle function, endothelium-dependent and endotheliumnondependent vasodilatation, i/v magnesium load test, Holter electrocardiogram monitoring.Results. High prevalence of systemic magnesium deficiency (17.9 and 37.5% according to serum and erythrocyte levels, respectively was found in IHD patients. Severity of magnesium deficiency in IHD patients depended on duration of disease, experience of myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia seriousness, disorders of endothelium vasodilating function and left ventricle diastolic function, severity of concomitant anxiety. Exercise tests were changed in IHD patients with magnesium deficiency.Conclusion. The study data let to consider that magnesium deficiency involves into the IHD pathogenesis.

  17. Cell-cell interaction in blood flow in patients with coronary heart disease (in vitro study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinova, Lidia I.; Simonenko, Georgy V.; Denisova, Tatyana P.; Tuchin, Valery V.

    2007-02-01

    Blood cell-cell and cell-vessel wall interactions are one of the key patterns in blood and vascular pathophysiology. We have chosen the method of reconstruction of pulsative blood flow in vitro in the experimental set. Blood flow structure was studied by PC integrated video camera with following slide by slide analysis. Studied flow was of constant volumetric blood flow velocity (1 ml/h). Diameter of tube in use was comparable with coronary arteries diameter. Glucose solution and unfractured heparin were used as the nonspecial irritants of studied flow. Erythrocytes space structure in flow differs in all groups of patients in our study (men with stable angina pectoris (SAP), myocardial infarction (MI) and practically healthy men (PHM). Intensity of erythrocytes aggregate formation was maximal in patients with SAP, but time of their "construction/deconstruction" at glucose injection was minimal. Phenomena of primary clotting formation in patients with SAP of high function class was reconstructed under experimental conditions. Heparin injection (10 000 ED) increased linear blood flow velocity both in patients with SAP, MI and PHP but modulated the cell profile in the flow. Received data correspond with results of animal model studies and noninvasive blood flow studies in human. Results of our study reveal differences in blood flow structure in patients with coronary heart disease and PHP under irritating conditions as the possible framework of metabolic model of coronary blood flow destabilization.

  18. Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoli N.A.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbation of chronic disease, bronchial and pulmonary diseases of other etiology were excluded from the analyses. Comparison group included 47 patients with essential arterial hypertension and without chronic respiratory diseases closely similar on general parameters with patients from main clinical series. Twenty-four-hour arterial blood pressure monitoring (ABPM and daily arterial stiffness monitoring were performed using BPLab® MnSDP-2 apparatus (Petr Telegin, Russian Federation. Results: Patients with COPD combined with arterial hypertension with raised arterial stiffness measures prevail over individuals in essential hypertension group. There is pathological alteration of the ABPM circadian rhythm and raised «Pressure load» values in raised arterial stiffness group. Conclusion: We found ABPM raised parameters in patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. It confirms necessity of ABPM in daily arterial stiffness assessment in patients with COPD.

  19. Exercise stress test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... chap 13. Boden WE. Angina pectoris and stable ischemic heart disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil ... the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/ ...

  20. Effects of trimetazidine therapy on left ventricular function after percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晓晗

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of trimetazidine therapy on left ventricular(LV)function after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).Methods A total of 106 patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing successful

  1. 冠心病合并心绞痛应用优质护理干预对预后影响分析%Analysis of Effect of High-quality Nursing Intervention on the Prognosis of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease and Angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝蓉蓉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨优质护理干预对冠心病合并心绞痛患者预后影响。方法方便选取2014年11月—2015年11月在该院实施优质护理干预的75例冠心病并发心绞痛患者作为优质护理组,同时选取同一时间段内采取常规护理服务的60例该病患者作为常规护理组,并比较两组患者护理前后血压、心率、心绞痛发作次数以及患者对护理服务满意度。结果护理前,常规护理组患者其血压、心率和心绞痛发作次数分别为(23.8±5.4)kPa、(103.1±12.3)次和(23.1±2.1)次,优质护理组患者分别为(23.5±5.2)kPa、(102.8±12.9)次和(22.7±2.4)次,组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),护理后,优质护理组患者血压、心率和心绞痛发作次数分别为(18.2±2.0)kPa、(74.2±10.2)次和(6.8±1.7)次,常规组分别为(21.3±3.6)kPa、(98.6±12.5)次和(16.2±2.0)次,组间比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05, after nursing, the differences in the blood pressure, heart rate and angina attack frequency between the high-quality nursing group and the conventional group had statistical significance by comparison, [(18.2±2.0) kPa, (74.2±10.2) time, (6.8±1.7) times vs (21.3±3.6) kPa, (98.6±12.5) times and (16.2±2.0) times], P<0.05, in addition, the satisfactory degree of the high-quality nursing group to nursing services was obviously higher than that of the conventional nursing group, [(98.7%, 1/75) vs (90.0%, 6/60)], P<0.05. Conclusion For patients with coronary heart disease and angina, the high-quality nursing services can obviously improve the blood pressure and heart rate index of patients, reduce the angina attack frequency and improve the satisfactory degree to nursing services, which is worth promo-tion and application in nursing work.

  2. Angina de Ludwig. Reporte de 2 casos

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    Antonio Fabbio Gagliardi Lugo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La angina de Ludwig (AL es una entidad patológica, odontogénica e infecciosa que representa una situación de emergencia en la Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial por comprometer la vida del paciente debido a una progresiva oclusión de la vía aérea, producto del avance de la infección hacia los espacios submandibulares, sublinguales y submental, lo que trae como consecuencia el colapso de la misma. En el presente trabajo se hace una revisión de la literatura actualizada acerca de dicha entidad, origen, vías de diseminación, manejo terapéutico y posibles complicaciones. Se reportan 2 casos que acuden a Emergencias del Hospital General del Oeste «Dr. José Gregorio Hernández» (HGO en Los Magallanes de Catia (Caracas, Venezuela con diagnóstico de AL. Se presenta el manejo clínico y la relevancia del rol que adquiere el cirujano maxilofacial en el diagnóstico en aras de la preservación de la vida del paciente.

  3. A new scoring system to stratify risk in unstable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salzberg Simón

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We performed this study to develop a new scoring system to stratify different levels of risk in patients admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of unstable angina (UA, which is a complex syndrome that encompasses different outcomes. Many prognostic variables have been described but few efforts have been made to group them in order to enhance their individual predictive power. Methods In a first phase, 473 patients were prospectively analyzed to determine which factors were significantly associated with the in-hospital occurrence of refractory ischemia, acute myocardial infarction (AMI or death. A risk score ranging from 0 to 10 points was developed using a multivariate analysis. In a second phase, such score was validated in a new sample of 242 patients and it was finally applied to the entire population (n = 715. Results ST-segment deviation on the electrocardiogram, age ≥ 70 years, previous bypass surgery and troponin T ≥ 0.1 ng/mL were found as independent prognostic variables. A clear distinction was shown among categories of low, intermediate and high risk, defined according to the risk score. The incidence of the triple end-point was 6 %, 19.2 % and 44.7 % respectively, and the figures for AMI or death were 2 %, 11.4 % and 27.6 % respectively (p Conclusions This new scoring system is simple and easy to achieve. It allows a very good stratification of risk in patients having a clinical diagnosis of UA. They may be divided in three categories, which could be of help in the decision-making process.

  4. Depression, anxiety and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tully, Phillip J; Winefield, Helen R; Baker, Robert A;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although depression and anxiety have been implicated in risk for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a theoretical approach to identifying such putative links is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine the association between theoretical...... anhedonia, anxious arousal and general distress/negative affect symptom dimensions. Incident MACCE was defined as fatal or non-fatal; myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, repeat revascularization, heart failure, sustained arrhythmia, stroke or cerebrovascular accident, left ventricular failure...

  5. ОЦЕНКА ВЛИЯНИЯ ПОЧЕЧНЫХ ФАКТОРОВ РИСКА НА ВЕРОЯТНОСТЬ РАЗВИТИЯ РЕЦИДИВА СТЕНОКАРДИИ У БОЛЬНЫХ, ПОДВЕРГШИХСЯ РЕВАСКУЛЯРИЗАЦИИ МИОКАРДА, ОПТИМИЗАЦИЯ МЕДИКАМЕНТОЗНОЙ ТЕРАПИИ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Е. С. Левицкая

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to estimate the impact of renal risk factors (RRF, as well as drug therapy in patients with coronary heart disease and indication for revascularization in the risk of recurrence of angina pectoris. 90 patients with coronary heart disease and indications for the restoration of coronary blood flow were surveyed. The high prevalence of renal risk factors among the patients examined was established. It was revealed that within increase in the maximum risk of recurrence of stenosis of CA the risk of the development of angina pectoris after coronary revascularization is increasing, and with the presence of renal risk factors (microalbuminuria, β2-microglobulinuria, and chronic kidney disease, there is an additional increase in the risk of recurrence of angina pectoris. The analysis of the data demonstrated a significant reduction in risk of recurrence of angina pectoris with the ACE inhibitors and metoprolol tartrate prescription before myocardial revascularization.

  6. Analgesia epidural torácica para el tratamiento de la angina inestable Thoracal epidural analgesia for the management of unstable angina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Castro

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available La miocardiopatía isquémica en pacientes con angina inestable refractaria al tratamiento médico constituye un escenario clínico complicado. Una anatomía desfavorable o un riesgo quirúrgico excesivamente alto pueden desaconsejar la realización de una angioplastia o de una cirugía de derivación coronaria. En este artículo se pretende revisar la utilización de la analgesia/anestesia epidural torácica para el tratamiento y estabilización de este tipo de pacientes, a través de una breve descripción de la fisiopatología de la isquemia cardiaca, estudios experimentales en animales y humanos, uso en cirugía cardiaca y efectos secundarios.Ischemic cardiomyopathy in patients with unstable angina refractory to medical therapy is a difficult medical condition. Unfavorable anatomy or excessive surgical risk can advise against the performance of angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery. This study has reviewed the use of thoracal epidural analgesia/anesthesia for the management and stabilization of this type of patients, with a brief description of the physiopathology of cardiac ischemia, experimental studies in animals and human beings, use of cardiac surgery and side effects.

  7. Risk stratification in unstable angina and non-Q wave myocardial infarction using soluble cell adhesion molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvihill, N; Foley, J; Murphy, R; Curtin, R; Crean, P; Walsh, M

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To assess prospectively the prognostic value of soluble cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) in patients with unstable angina and non-Q wave myocardial infarction and to compare their prognostic accuracy with that of C reactive protein (CRP).
DESIGN AND SETTING—Prospective observational study of patients presenting acutely with unstable angina and non-Q wave myocardial infarction to a single south Dublin hospital.
METHODS—Patients with Braunwald IIIA unstable angina and non-Q wave myocardial infarction had serum samples taken at presentation before initiation of antithrombotic treatment and were followed for six months. The primary end point was the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (recurrent unstable angina, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death) at six months. Concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), soluble endothelial selectin, and soluble platelet selectin were measured using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique. CRP was measured with an immunophelometric assay.
RESULTS—91 patients (73 men and 18 women, mean (SD) age 61 (11) years) were studied; 27 patients (30%) had major adverse cardiac events during the six months of follow up. Concentration of CRP were significantly raised in patients who had an ischaemic event (mean (SEM) 11.5 (6.4) mg/l v 5.4 (2.5) mg/l, p  3 mg/l and sVCAM-1 > 780 ng/ml for predicting future events was > 90%. There was no difference in concentrations of sICAM-1, soluble endothelin selectin, or soluble platelet selectin between event and non-event groups.
CONCLUSION—Raised concentrations of sVCAM-1 and CRP are predictive of an increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events six months after presentation with unstable angina and non-Q wave myocardial infarction. These findings suggest that the intensity of the vascular inflammatory process at the time of

  8. [The treatment of chronic stable angina with isradipine. A cooperative Latin American study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Román, O; Alcocer, L; Espinoza, J; Arcos, R; Gómez, G; Mayorga, E; Buzzi, A; Tavella, N; Romero, C; Kuster, F

    1991-04-01

    In order to study the efficacy and tolerance of isradipine, a new Ca++ antagonist for the treatment of stable chronic angina, a multicentric cooperative study was carried out in eight Latin American countries (Argentine, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela), which included 169 patients (60% men and 40% women), average age 62.6 +/- 9.7. Patients with more than 4 biweekly anginal crisis were accepted, with one or more of the following inclusion criteria: coronariographic evidence of obstruction greater than 60% in one or more vessels, IAM history, positive scintigraphy and positive effort test. The trial was single-blind, with placebo during the admission phase (2 weeks) and active treatment for 12 weeks. isradipine was administered in increasing doses of 2.5, 5, and 7 mg thrice a day, according to the presence or absence of anginal crisis. It was observed that the average frequency of weekly pains decreased from 8.2 +/- 7 under placebo to 6.3 +/- 7.5 under isradipine at low doses, and to 2.0 +/- 2.0 (p less than 0.001) under maximum doses. TNT intake decreased parallel also in a significant way. At the end of the trial, 37% of patients had become asymptomatic, and angina had reduced to less than two crisis a week in 33%. A clear relation doses-effect was observed. There was no alteration in laboratory exams neither in ECG. Seven patients had complications derived from the evolutional course of disease (2 IAM, 5 unstable angina and one sudden death). Adverse events were relatively frequent and the majority derived from vasodilator effect (tibial oedema 37%, flushing 17%, headache 23%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1829846

  9. Effect of Clopidogrel on Platelet Membrane CD40 Ligand in Coronary Artery Disease Patients Undertaking Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the change and clinical significance of clopidogrel on platelet membrane CD40L in coronary artery disease patients before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods 30 cases who were diagnosis coronary artery diseases(CAD) by coronary angiography, mean age 56 ± 9 years old. All the patients who had no antiplatelet aggregation contraindication, were treated with standard anti angina pectoris drugs. Before PCI, all the patients took clopidogrel 75 mg per day. Activated platelet membrane CD40L express rate was measured by flow cytometry before and after PCI 6 hours. Results Activated platelet membrane CD40L express rate were 3.73 ± 2.15and 2.46 ± 0.90, respectively in 30 patients before and after PCI 6 hours. Activated platelet membrane CD40L express rate was significantly decrease after PCI 6 hours than that before PCI ( P < 0.01 ). Conclusions Clopidogrel has significance effect on platelet membrane CD40L in coronary artery disease patients undergoing PCI. Clopidogrel can suppression platelet activation and prevent thromboembolism event occurrence.

  10. Patient satisfaction with coronary CT angiography, myocardial CT perfusion, myocardial perfusion MRI, SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging and conventional coronary angiography

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    Feger, S.; Rief, M.; Zimmermann, E.; Richter, F.; Roehle, R. [Freie Universitaet Berlin, Department of Radiology, Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin Campus Mitte, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany); Dewey, M. [Freie Universitaet Berlin, Department of Radiology, Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin Campus Mitte, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Radiologie, Berlin (Germany); Schoenenberger, E. [Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Department of Medicine, Hannover (Germany)

    2015-07-15

    To evaluate patient acceptance of noninvasive imaging tests for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD), including single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI), stress perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), coronary CT angiography (CTA) in combination with CT myocardial stress perfusion (CTP), and conventional coronary angiography (CCA). Intraindividual comparison of perception of 48 patients from the CORE320 multicentre multinational study who underwent rest and stress SPECT-MPI with a technetium-based tracer, combined CTA and CTP (both with contrast agent, CTP with adenosine), MRI, and CCA. The analysis was performed by using a validated questionnaire. Patients had significantly more concern prior to CCA than before CTA/CTP (p < 0.001). CTA/CTP was also rated as more comfortable than SPECT-MPI (p = 0.001). Overall satisfaction with CT was superior to that of MRI (p = 0.007). More patients preferred CT (46 %; p < 0.001) as a future diagnostic test. Regarding combined CTA/CTP, CTP was characterised by higher pain levels and an increased frequency of angina pectoris during the examination (p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis showed a higher degree of pain during SPECT-MPI with adenosine stress compared to physical exercise (p = 0.016). All noninvasive cardiac imaging tests are well accepted by patients, with CT being the preferred examination. (orig.)

  11. 小剂量替罗非班在老年不稳定型心绞痛患者择期冠脉介入治疗中的应用%Application of small dose tirofiban in elderly patients with unstable angina underwent elective coronary interven-tion treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国楼; 赵国安

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the efficacy and safety of small dose of tirofiban in elderly patients with unstable angina who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods Sixty-four elderly patients with unstable an-gina underwent elective PCI were randomly divided into treatment group(35 cases)and normal group(29 cases). The pa-tients of two groups were given routine drug therapy,in treatment group,on the basis of conventional treatment,tirofiban was used for PCI:5 μg/ kg bolus then 0. 05 μg/(kg·min)infusion for 24 h. The postoperative coronary TIMI flow,tropo-nin levels,and the incidence of cardiovascular events and bleeding events during hospitalization and discharge for 30 days were compared between the two groups. Results The incidence of slow blood flow in treatment group was lower than that in the normal group after PCI(P ﹤0. 05). TnI after 24 hours increased in both groups,that in the normal group rised more prom-inent(P ﹤0. 05). Hospitalization and follow-up in 30 days,discharge angina symptom recurrence rate in treatment group was less than that in the normal group(P ﹤0. 05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of bleeding events between the two groups(P ﹤0. 05). Conclusions Small doses of tirofiban in elderly patients with unstable angina underwent elective PCI can effectively improve myocardial perfusion,reduce myocardial injury,reduce the occurrence of adverse cardiovascular events,without increasing the risk of bleeding.%目的:探讨小剂量替罗非班在老年不稳定型心绞痛患者行冠脉介入治疗中的有效性及安全性。方法选取64例老年不稳定型心绞痛择期行 PCI 患者,随机将其分为治疗组(35例)和常规组(29例),两组患者均给予常规药物治疗,治疗组在常规治疗的基础上行 PCI 术中加用替罗非班,术中冠脉内0.5μg/ kg,术后0.05μg/(kg·min)静脉滴注维持24 h;比较两组术后冠脉 TIMI 血流、肌钙蛋白(TnI

  12. The optimal timing of early invasive therapy in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction:a Meta-analysis%非ST段抬高急性冠脉综合征不同介入时间窗的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾林·阿布扎力汗; 于子翔; 马依彤; 杨毅宁; 李晓梅; 谢翔; 刘芬; 陈铀

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveThis meta-analysis aims to determine the optimal timing of invasive therapy in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Methods The following databases are searched,PubMed(1985 to October 2015),The Cochrane Library (January 1975 to October 2015),MEDLINE (January 1980 to September 2015),EMbase (January 1978 to September 2015),CBM (January 1994 to September 2015),CNKI (January 1990 to November 2015),and Wanfang (January 1993 to October 2015).The evaluation of the included studies and data extraction were done by two independent reviewers.Data analyses were performed by using the Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.3 software.Results According to including criteria,seven trials were included finally,of which six were RCTs including 7568 patients,and one was observational study.Meta-analyses showed that the incidence of all-cause death,fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction at 1 month or long-term follow-up and rehospitalisation related to angina between two groups(24 h group were not significant statistically(OR=0.99,P=0.96 andOR=0.87,P=0.27,respectively). There was no publication bias among the included studies in terms of all-cause mortality.The incidence of fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction at 1 month was non-significant(OR=0.71,P=0.20);During the long-term follow-up,the 12~24 h group had a significantly lower incidence of fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction compared to >24 h group.There was also a reduction in rehospitalization related to angina in the 12~24 h group(OR=0.76,P=0.01).Conclusion For patients with UA/NSTEMI,the potential timing of intervention would be 12~24 h.More studies will be needed to determine the optimal timing for patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.%目的:系统评价非ST段抬高急性冠脉综合征早期介入治疗的最适时间窗。方法计算机检索PubMed(1985.1~2015.10)、Cochrane图书馆(1975.1~2015.10)、MEDLINE(1980.1

  13. Plasma levels of omentin-1 and visfatin in senile patients with coronary heart disease and heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu-Hua Wang; Ling-Zhi Dou; Can Gu; Xiao-Qing Wang

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the alteration of plasma levels of omentin-1 and visfatin in elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart failure. Methods: Plasma omentin-1 and visfatin levels were measured in 90 subjects (29 stable angina pectoris (SAP) cases, 30 unstable angina pectoris (UAP) cases and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (age 60 years) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. According to the New York Heart Association classification, 59 CHDs were divided into three groups: functional I class, 11 cases; functional Ⅳ/ class, 36 cases; and functional IV class, 12 cases. Results: The plasma level of omentin-1 in CHD patients was significantly lower than that of the control group. Omentin-1in SAP group and UAP group were significantly lower compared to the control group (there was no statistical significance between UAP group and SAP group; P>0.05). The plasma level of visfatin in CHD patients was significantly higher than that of the control group. Similarly, visfatin in SAP group and UAP group were all significantly higher compared to the control group, while there was no statistical significance between UAP group, and SAP group. The plasma omentin-1 level was negatively correlated with SBP (r=-0.264, P<0.05), positively correlated with HDL-c level (r=0.271, P<0.05); the plasma visfatin level was positively correlated with TC (r=0.292, P<0.05), negatively correlated with HDL-c level (r=-0.266, P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between plasma omentin-1 and visfatin levels (r=-0.280, P<0.05). Moreover, multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that omentin-1 and visfatin levels might be affected by HDL-c level. Logistic regression analysis showed that visfatin could be an independent risk factor of CHD. Conclusions: Decreased levels of omentin-1 and increased levels of visfatin may be involved in the occurrence and development of CHD. Omentin-1 and visfatin, independently, may be protective and pro

  14. Functional analysis of low-density lipoprotein receptor in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia patients with novel 1439 C→T mutation of low-density lipoprotein receptor gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Jie; JIANG Zhi-sheng; WANG Lu-ya; LIU Shu; XIA Jun-hui; YONG Qiang; DU Lan-ping; PAN Xiao-dong; XUE Hong; CHEN Bao-sheng

    2008-01-01

    Background Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), caused by low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDL-R) gene mutations, is associated with increased risk of premature coronary heart disease. Until now, limited molecular data concerning FH are available in China. The present study described the clinical profiles and cell biological defects of a Chinese FH kindred with novel LDL-R gene mutation.Methods The patient's LDL-R gene coding region was sequenced. The patient's lymphocytes were isolated and the LDL-R expression, binding and up-take functions were observed by immunohistochemistry staining and flow cytometry detection. The patient's heart and the major large vessels were detected by vessel ultrasound examination and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI).Results The patient's LDL-R expression, LDL binding and up-take functions were significantly lower than normal control (39%, 63% and 76% respectively). A novel homozygous 1439 C→T mutation of the LDL-R gene was detected in the patient and his family. ECG showed atypical angina pectoris. Echocardiogram showed stenosis of the coronary artery and calcification of the aortic valve and its root. Blood vessel ultrasound examination showed the thickness of large vessel intima, and the vessel lumen was narrowed by 71%. MPI showed ischemic changes.Conclusions The LDL-R synthesis dysfunction of FH patients leads to arterial stenosis and calcification, which are the major phenotype of the clinical disorder. The mutation of the LDL-R gene is determined. These data increase the mutational spectrum of FH in China.

  15. IMMUNO-INFLAMATORY RESPONSE IN ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

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    N. E. Zakirova

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate the role of immuno-inflammatory response in developing of angina pectoris in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD.Material and methods: The study included 83 patients with IHD and angina pectoris of functional class (FC II (30 patients, III (27 patients and IV (26 patients. The control group included 25 healthy persons. Bicycle burden test, daily ECG monitoring and echocardiography were used to verify of IHD. Levels of С-reactive protein (CRP, pro-inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 (IL-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α were examined by immunoenzyme method. Levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines were also defined: interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 (IL-4, IL-10.Results. Increased levels of IL-4 and IL-10 with normal CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were observed in patients with angina of FC-II. Angina of FC-III was associated with a moderate increase in CRP level and normal levels of IL-4 and IL-10. The maximal levels of CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as minimal levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines were observed in patients with FC-IV angina pectoris.Conclusion. The immuno-inflammatory response depends on angina pectoris severity in patients with IHD. Severe angina pectoris is accompanied by raised expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and deficiency of anti-inflammatory cytokines.

  16. IMMUNO-INFLAMATORY RESPONSE IN ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

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    N. E. Zakirova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate the role of immuno-inflammatory response in developing of angina pectoris in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD.Material and methods: The study included 83 patients with IHD and angina pectoris of functional class (FC II (30 patients, III (27 patients and IV (26 patients. The control group included 25 healthy persons. Bicycle burden test, daily ECG monitoring and echocardiography were used to verify of IHD. Levels of С-reactive protein (CRP, pro-inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 (IL-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α were examined by immunoenzyme method. Levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines were also defined: interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 (IL-4, IL-10.Results. Increased levels of IL-4 and IL-10 with normal CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were observed in patients with angina of FC-II. Angina of FC-III was associated with a moderate increase in CRP level and normal levels of IL-4 and IL-10. The maximal levels of CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as minimal levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines were observed in patients with FC-IV angina pectoris.Conclusion. The immuno-inflammatory response depends on angina pectoris severity in patients with IHD. Severe angina pectoris is accompanied by raised expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and deficiency of anti-inflammatory cytokines.

  17. D型人格不稳定心绞痛患者治疗前后抑郁情绪躯体疲劳状况及生活质量的变化%The healty status and quality of life of unstable angina patients with type D personality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧薇; 孙月吉; 孙玉兰; 孙喜琢; 姜一农; 曲鹏

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨D型人格不稳定心绞痛患者治疗前后抑郁情绪躯体疲劳状况及生活质量的变化.方法 依据D型人格量表(DS14)评分情况,将109名患者分为D型人格组(n=32)和非D型人格组(n=77).在治疗前和治疗后1个月,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、疲劳评定量表(FIA)和生活质量综合评定问卷(GQOL-74)进行评估.结果 1)D型人格在冠心病患者中约占29%.2)治疗前后D型人格组疲劳改善不明显;D型人格组较非D型人格组抑郁情绪改善的程度差,2组治疗前后SDS评分差值分别为(0.85±1.04)分,(-2.31±0.809)分,差异有显著性(P<0.05);生活质量方面D型人格组改善更差.3)治疗前后GQOL-74项分值差为因变量,进入回归方程的是D型人格和疲劳评定因子1得分差值.结论 影响冠心患者治疗结果和生活质量的因素主要是D型人格和FIA-1得分差值.%Objective To find out the relation of type D personality and unstable angina.Methods 109 patients with unstable angina(UA)were drawn out in the gome hospital in Dalian.All patients were divided into two groups according to DSl4 diagnostic criterion(Type D Personality Scale),one group had 32 patients with D type personality(type D group)and the other group had 77 patienm without D type personality(non-type D group).All of them were investigated with the General Health Questionnaire.the Zung' Self-Rating Depression scale(SDS),Fatigue Assessment Instrument(FIA)and General Quality of Life Inventory-74(GQOL-74)before receiving medication and after one month.SPSS11.0 software was used.Results 1)29%patients with UA were type D patients.After 1 month,when the patients have recovered from the stress.A significant difference were found in FIA-14,SDS(0.85±1.049,-2.31±0.809,t=2.311,P=0.027)and GQOL between the D type group and non-type D group.The GQOL-74 difference serve as a dependence value.and other psychologic factors as independent value.results enter the regression equation are D type

  18. Serum Adenosine deaminase activity and C-reactive protein levels in unstable angina

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    Rani Surekha

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In unstable angina (USA patients, immunological responses contributing to inflammation play a vital role in plaque rupture and thrombosis causing stroke. In the present study an attempt is made to estimate the levels of adenosine deaminase activity, an immunoenzyme marker and C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation in USA patients. 45 patients presenting USA and 50 age and sex matched healthy controls were included in the study. Serum ADA activity was measured spectrophotometrically at 630nm and serum C-reactive protein was detected using Avitex CRP kit, which is a rapid latex agglutination test. The Mean ADA levels were 41.15 ± 11.04 in patients and 20.71±5.63 in controls and 66.6% of patients and none of the controls were positive to CRP. The present study observed the importance of ADA as a serum marker in addition to CRP for assessing the immune response in USA patients.

  19. [Holter monitoring of patients treated with cytostatic agents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozáková, M; Beńesová, E; Cieslar, P; Sálková, J

    1989-01-20

    After cytostatic treatment severe arrhythmias, the development of angina pectoris and even the development of acute myocardial infarction and sudden death were observed. Therefore we made in 42 patients with malignant haematological disease treated with cytostatics 96 Holter monitorings of the electrocardiographic signal. The monitoring was made during the administration of cytostatics as well as during the time interval between the administration of combinations of cytostatics. In both instances (during the administration and during the interval between administration) we recorded a surprisingly high, mean all-day as well as maximal, heart rate. In the group monitored during administration of chemotherapeutic drugs we observed 5-8 hours after administration of cytostatics serious ventricular arrhythmias [incl. ventricular tachycardia], denivelization of the ST segment, paroxysms of supraventricular tachycardia. In the group monitored during the interval between administration of cytostatics the sick-sinus syndrome was recorded, as well as a passive nodal rhythm, disorders of the intraventricular conduction. The described changes are explained by the release of vasoactive substances after administration of cytostatics, by a change of the transmembrane calcium transport leading to an increased excitability of the heart muscle and possibly to coronary spasms and direct irreversible damage of the conduction system.

  20. Incremental prognostic value of the SYNTAX score to late gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance images for patients with stable coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Shingo; Saito, Naka; Kirigaya, Hidekuni; Gyotoku, Daiki; Iinuma, Naoki; Kusakawa, Yuka; Iguchi, Kohei; Nakachi, Tatsuya; Fukui, Kazuki; Futaki, Masaaki; Iwasawa, Tae; Taguri, Masataka; Kimura, Kazuo; Umemura, Satoshi

    2016-06-01

    The prognostic significance of the SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI with Taxus and cardiac surgery) score has recently been demonstrated in patients with stable multivessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study determines whether adding the SYNTAX score to Framingham risk score (FRS), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and presence of myocardial infarction (MI) by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging can improve the risk stratification in patients with stable CAD. We calculated the SYNTAX score in 161 patients with stable CAD (mean age: 66 ± 10 years old). During a mean follow-up of 2.3 years, 56 (35 %) of 161 patients developed cardiovascular events defined as cardiovascular death, non-fatal MI, cerebral infarction, unstable angina pectoris, hospitalization due to heart failure and revascularization. Multivariate Cox regression analysis selected triglycerides [hazard ratio (HR): 1.005 (95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.001-1.008), p SYNTAX score [HR: 1.085 (95 % CI: 1.044-1.127), p SYNTAX score to FRS, EF and LGE significantly improved the net reclassification index (NRI) [40.4 % (95 % CI: 18.1-54.8 %), p SYNTAX score to the FRS, LVEF and LGE incrementally improved risk stratification in patient with stable CAD.

  1. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in patients with mitral valve prolapse: its advantage over stress electrocardiography in diagnosing associated coronary artery disease and its implications for the etiology of chest pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) frequently experience chest pain which may, especially in older subjects and males, be difficult to differentiate from angina pectoris. Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes, ventricular arrhythmias, metabolic abnormalities and rare reports of myocardial infarction and sudden death further suggest the presence of an ischemic process in these patients. The recognition of accompanying coronary artery disease (CAD) and exclusion of other causes of ischemia, therefore, may be important in determining the prognosis and appropriate therapy for such patients. We performed stress ECGs and perfusion scintigrams in 25 patients with confirmed MVP who underwent cardiac catheterization for evaluation of chest pain. Stress ECGs were not helpful in diagnosing assosiated CAD, primarily because of a high incidence (53%, 10/19) of false positive tests, and had only a 48% overall accuracy. Scintigraphy was more accurate (p < 0.001), correctly classifying all patients. Scintigraphy was uniformly negative in patients with normal coronary arteriograms, suggesting that ischemia, if present as the cause of chest pain and ECG changes, must be either very localized or generalized

  2. Clinical and therapeutic profile of patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes who do not have significant coronary artery disease.The Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT) Trial Investigators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T. Roe (Matthew); A. Vahanian (Alec); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); D.M. Prosper; K.S. Pieper (Karen); E.J. Topol (Eric); D.L. Bhatt (Deepak); A.M. Lincoff (Michael); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); R.M. Califf (Robert); E.M. Ohman (Magnus); K. Karsch (Karl); M.M. Kitt (Michael); W. Ruzyllo (Witold); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: A proportion of patients who present with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are found to have insignificant coronary artery disease (CAD) during coronary angiography, but these patients have not been well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 5767

  3. Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes of Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade in Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analyses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrán Catalá-López

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Medications aimed at inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system (RAS have been used extensively for preventing cardiovascular and renal complications in patients with diabetes, but data that compare their clinical effectiveness are limited. We aimed to compare the effects of classes of RAS blockers on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in adults with diabetes.Eligible trials were identified by electronic searches in PubMed/MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1 January 2004 to 17 July 2014. Interventions of interest were angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs, and direct renin (DR inhibitors. The primary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke-singly and as a composite endpoint, major cardiovascular outcome-and end-stage renal disease [ESRD], doubling of serum creatinine, and all-cause mortality-singly and as a composite endpoint, progression of renal disease. Secondary endpoints were angina pectoris and hospitalization for heart failure. In all, 71 trials (103,120 participants, with a total of 14 different regimens, were pooled using network meta-analyses. When compared with ACE inhibitor, no other RAS blocker used in monotherapy and/or combination was associated with a significant reduction in major cardiovascular outcomes: ARB (odds ratio [OR] 1.02; 95% credible interval [CrI] 0.90-1.18, ACE inhibitor plus ARB (0.97; 95% CrI 0.79-1.19, DR inhibitor plus ACE inhibitor (1.32; 95% CrI 0.96-1.81, and DR inhibitor plus ARB (1.00; 95% CrI 0.73-1.38. For the risk of progression of renal disease, no significant differences were detected between ACE inhibitor and each of the remaining therapies: ARB (OR 1.10; 95% CrI 0.90-1.40, ACE inhibitor plus ARB (0.97; 95% CrI 0.72-1.29, DR inhibitor plus ACE inhibitor (0.99; 95% CrI 0.65-1.57, and DR inhibitor plus ARB (1.18; 95% CrI 0.78-1.84. No significant differences were showed between ACE inhibitors and ARBs with

  4. Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes of Renin–Angiotensin System Blockade in Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalá-López, Ferrán; Macías Saint-Gerons, Diego; González-Bermejo, Diana; Rosano, Giuseppe M.; Davis, Barry R.; Ridao, Manuel; Zaragoza, Abel; Montero-Corominas, Dolores; Tobías, Aurelio; de la Fuente-Honrubia, César; Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael; Hutton, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Background Medications aimed at inhibiting the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) have been used extensively for preventing cardiovascular and renal complications in patients with diabetes, but data that compare their clinical effectiveness are limited. We aimed to compare the effects of classes of RAS blockers on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in adults with diabetes. Methods and Findings Eligible trials were identified by electronic searches in PubMed/MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1 January 2004 to 17 July 2014). Interventions of interest were angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and direct renin (DR) inhibitors. The primary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke—singly and as a composite endpoint, major cardiovascular outcome—and end-stage renal disease [ESRD], doubling of serum creatinine, and all-cause mortality—singly and as a composite endpoint, progression of renal disease. Secondary endpoints were angina pectoris and hospitalization for heart failure. In all, 71 trials (103,120 participants), with a total of 14 different regimens, were pooled using network meta-analyses. When compared with ACE inhibitor, no other RAS blocker used in monotherapy and/or combination was associated with a significant reduction in major cardiovascular outcomes: ARB (odds ratio [OR] 1.02; 95% credible interval [CrI] 0.90–1.18), ACE inhibitor plus ARB (0.97; 95% CrI 0.79–1.19), DR inhibitor plus ACE inhibitor (1.32; 95% CrI 0.96–1.81), and DR inhibitor plus ARB (1.00; 95% CrI 0.73–1.38). For the risk of progression of renal disease, no significant differences were detected between ACE inhibitor and each of the remaining therapies: ARB (OR 1.10; 95% CrI 0.90–1.40), ACE inhibitor plus ARB (0.97; 95% CrI 0.72–1.29), DR inhibitor plus ACE inhibitor (0.99; 95% CrI 0.65–1.57), and DR inhibitor plus ARB (1.18; 95% CrI 0.78–1.84). No significant

  5. [Microvascular angina in women: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elias-Smale, S.E.; Boer, M.J. de; Maas, A.H.E.M.

    2014-01-01

    Gender differences play an important role in coronary heart disease (CHD). Not only in the presentation of symptoms, but also in their underlying pathophysiology. Women with persistent angina without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Half of these

  6. An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabat-Zinn, J

    1982-04-01

    The practice of mindfulness meditation was used in a 10-week Stress Reduction and Relaxation Program to train chronic pain patients in self-regulation. The meditation facilitates an attentional stance towards proprioception known as detached observation. This appears to cause an "uncoupling " of the sensory dimension of the pain experience from the affective/evaluative alarm reaction and reduce the experience of suffering via cognitive reappraisal. Data are presented on 51 chronic pain patients who had not improved with traditional medical care. The dominant pain categories were low back, neck and shoulder, and headache. Facial pain, angina pectoris, noncoronary chest pain, and GI pain were also represented. At 10 weeks, 65% of the patients showed a reduction of greater than or equal to 33% in the mean total Pain Rating Index (Melzack) and 50% showed a reduction of greater than or equal to 50%. Similar decreases were recorded on other pain indices and in the number of medical symptoms reported. Large and significant reductions in mood disturbance and psychiatric symptomatology accompanied these changes and were relatively stable on follow-up. These improvements were independent of the pain category. We conclude that this form of meditation can be used as the basis for an effective behavioral program in self-regulation for chronic pain patients. Key features of the program structure, and the limitations of the present uncontrolled study are discussed.

  7. The. Thoma Ionescu - Victor Gomoiu Procedure: Cervicothoracic Sympathectomy for Angina Pectoris. The First Surgical Attempt to Treat the Coronary Heart Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilescu, Cătălin; Salmen, Monica; Bobocea, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    Cervicothoracic Sympathectomy is a common indication in the treatment of Raynaud Syndrome, Palmer Hyperhidrosis or Acute Ischemia of the superior limb. Nonetheless, almost a century ago it represented one of the first innovative attempts in curing coronary heart disease. Nowadays, this indication is no more than a footnote in a volume on the History of Medicine, and a trivia fact for medical history enthusiasts. The operation's history is rather conflicting. A young Romaninan surgeon, Victor Gomoiu seems to have come up with the idea, in the early 20th century. However, his contribution remains unknown, after his successful collaboration with the famous surgeon and anatomist, Thoma Ionescu unfortunately turns into a dispute. This procedure was once thought cutting-edge. Furthermore it is the starting point for cardiovascular surgery. Whoever sparked the idea, gains an important place in the hall of fame of international surgery, that is why it is important to know its creator. PMID:27544937

  8. beta-blocker Therapy is Not Associated with Reductions in Angina or Cardiovascular Events After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery : Insights from the IMAGINE Trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij, Harmen G.; Damman, Kevin; Warnica, J. Wayne; Rouleau, Jean L.; van Gilst, Wiek H.; Westenbrink, B. Daan

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate whether beta-blockers were associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events or angina after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery, in otherwise stable low-risk patients during a mid-term follow-up. We performed a post-hoc analysis of the IMAGINE (Ischemia Management with Accupr

  9. Predictive factors of recurrent angina after acute coronary syndrome: the global registry acute coronary events from China (Sino-GRACE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Fu-hai; CHEN Yun-dai; SONG Xian-tao; PAN Wei-qi; JIN Ze-ning; YUAN Fei; LI Yong-bin; Ren Fang; L(U) Shu-zheng

    2008-01-01

    Background Many patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) develop recurrent angina (RA) during hospitalization. The aim of this non-randomized, prospective study was to investigate the predictive factors of RA in unselected patients with ACS enrolled in the global registry acute coronary events (GRACE) during hospitalization in China. Methods Between March 2001 and October 2004, enrolled were 1433 patients with ACS, including ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (662, 46.2%), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (239, 16.7%) and unstable angina (532, 37.1%). The demographic distribution, medical history and clinical data were collected to investigate the predictive factors of RA by Logistic regression.Results During hospitalization 275 (19.2%) patients were documented with RA including unstable angina (53.2%), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (27.5%), ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (19.3%). A comorbidity of dyslipidemia, prior angina, percutaneous coronary Intervention (PCI) within 6 months was more common in patients with RA, P<0.05. In the patients with RA, a significantly higher proportion of patients with acute pulmonary edema was observed, 23 (8.4%) versus 43 (3.7%), P=0.001. Acute renal failure was present in 8 (2.9%) of patients with RA versus 19 (1.6%) of patients without RA,P=0.165. Hemorrhagic events were present in 6 (2.2%) of patients with RA versus 8 (0.7%) of patients without RA, ventricular tachycardia/ ventricular fibrillation events in 12 patients (4.3%) versus 22 patients (1.9%), congestive heart failure in 69 patients (25.0%) versus 94 patients (8.1%), myocardial re-infarction in 28 patients (10.1%) versus 15 patients (1.3%), P<0.05, respectively. A lower proportion of patients with RA underwent in-hospital PCI, 687 (59.3%) versus 114 (41.5%), P=0.000. A higher proportion of patients with RA received heparin, 260 (94.5%) versus 1035 (89.4%), P=0.006; and beta-blockers 176(64.0%) versus 864 (74

  10. Use of Health Care System-Supplied Aspirin by Veterans With Postoperative Heart Attack or Unstable Angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Cathleen M; Copeland, Laurel A; McNeal, Catherine J; Mortensen, Eric M; Pugh, Mary J; MacCarthy, Daniel J

    2015-10-01

    Evidence-based guidelines for the use of aspirin in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events are well established. Despite this, the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention is suboptimal. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events when it is dispensed as a prescription, as is performed in the Veterans Affairs (VA) managed care system. VA patients who had undergone major surgery and experienced a postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina between the years 2005 and 2009 were identified from administrative databases. VA pharmacy records were used to determine whether a prescription for aspirin was filled after the postoperative MI or unstable angina. Multivariable logistic regression models estimated odd ratios of filling aspirin prescriptions for the predictors of interest. Of the 321,131 men and women veterans who underwent major surgery, 7,700 experienced a postoperative MI or unstable angina. Among those 7,700, 47% filled an aspirin prescription. Only 59% of veterans with no co-pay filled an aspirin prescription. Aspirin fills were more common in younger veterans, Blacks, Hispanics, males, hypertensive veterans, mentally ill patients, those with no co-pay and those prescribed antiplatelets/anticoagulants in addition to aspirin postoperatively. These findings suggest that the impact of dispensing aspirin as a prescription may not be significant in increasing the appropriate use of aspirin for secondary prevention. PMID:26351774

  11. Use of Health Care System-Supplied Aspirin by Veterans With Postoperative Heart Attack or Unstable Angina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Cathleen M; Copeland, Laurel A; McNeal, Catherine J; Mortensen, Eric M; Pugh, Mary J; MacCarthy, Daniel J

    2015-10-01

    Evidence-based guidelines for the use of aspirin in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events are well established. Despite this, the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention is suboptimal. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events when it is dispensed as a prescription, as is performed in the Veterans Affairs (VA) managed care system. VA patients who had undergone major surgery and experienced a postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina between the years 2005 and 2009 were identified from administrative databases. VA pharmacy records were used to determine whether a prescription for aspirin was filled after the postoperative MI or unstable angina. Multivariable logistic regression models estimated odd ratios of filling aspirin prescriptions for the predictors of interest. Of the 321,131 men and women veterans who underwent major surgery, 7,700 experienced a postoperative MI or unstable angina. Among those 7,700, 47% filled an aspirin prescription. Only 59% of veterans with no co-pay filled an aspirin prescription. Aspirin fills were more common in younger veterans, Blacks, Hispanics, males, hypertensive veterans, mentally ill patients, those with no co-pay and those prescribed antiplatelets/anticoagulants in addition to aspirin postoperatively. These findings suggest that the impact of dispensing aspirin as a prescription may not be significant in increasing the appropriate use of aspirin for secondary prevention.

  12. Tailored antiplatelet therapy to improve prognosis in patients exhibiting clopidogrel low-response prior to percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina or non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paarup Dridi, Nadia; Johansson, Pär I; Lønborg, Jacob T;

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Aim: To investigate whether an intensified antiplatelet regimen could improve prognosis in stable or non-ST elevation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients exhibiting high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) on clopidogrel and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI......). There is a wide variability in the platelet reactivity to clopidogrel and HTPR has been associated with a poor prognosis. Methods: In this observational study, 923 consecutive patients without ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and adequately pre-treated with clopidogrel were screened for HTPR...... with multiple electrode aggregometry after assessment of the coronary anatomy. Patients were grouped based on their response to clopidogrel and the assigned antiplatelet strategy. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or stent thrombosis. Results: HTPR...

  13. Influence of pre-infarction angina, collateral flow, and pre-procedural TIMI flow on myocardial salvage index by cardiac magnetic resonance in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønborg, Jacob Thomsen; Kelbæk, Henning Skov; Vejlstrup, Niels Grove;

    2012-01-01

    salvage index (MSI) and infarct size adjusting for area at risk in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was used to measure myocardial area at risk within 1-7 days and final infarct size 90±21 days after the...

  14. Quantification of Regional Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease by Strain Rate Imaging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To detect and compare the systolic strain rate (SR) and strain in the infarct and ischemic myocardiu mby strain rate imaging ( SRI), in order to explore the clinical value of SRI in evaluating regional left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Methods Patients with coronary artery disease were divided into angina pectoris ( 11 cases) and myocardial infarction (21 cases) groups. Twenty age-matched normal subjects served as the control group. Septal, lateral, anterior, inferior, anteroseptal and posterior walls of the left ventricle were respectively scanned using color tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Then SR and strain curves were derived from TDI for basal, middle and apical segments of each wall.SRI parameters were: Systolic SR ( Srsys), systolic strain (εsys) and maximum strain (εmax). Results Compared with normal segments, Srsys, εsys and εmax decreased significantly in the infarct and ischemic segments ( P < 0.01 ). Compared with ischemic segments, Srsys, εsys and εmax decreased significantly in the infarct segments ( P <0.05 ). Conclusions Srsys, εsys and εmax measured by SRI can be used to quantitatively analyze regional left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease, and aid in differentiating infarct from ischemic myocardium.

  15. Low-fat diet and regular, supervised physical exercise in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease: reduction of stress-induced myocardial ischemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of physical exercise and normalization of serum lipoproteins on stress-induced myocardial ischemia were studied in 18 patients with coronary artery disease, stable angina pectoris, and mild hypercholesterolemia (total serum cholesterol 242 +/- 32 mg/dl). These patients underwent a combined regimen of low-fat/low-cholesterol diet and regular, supervised physical exercise at high intensity for 12 months. At 1 year serum lipoproteins has been lowered to ideal levels (serum cholesterol 202 +/- 31 mg/dl, low-density lipoproteins 130 +/- 30 mg/dl, very low-density lipoproteins 22 +/- 15 mg/dl, serum triglycerides 105 [69 to 304] mg/dl) and physical work capacity was improved by 21% (p less than .01). No significant effect was noted on high-density lipoproteins, probably as a result of the low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet. Stress-induced myocardial ischemia, as assessed by thallium-201 scintigraphy, was decreased by 54% (p less than .05) despite higher myocardial oxygen consumption. Eighteen patients matched for age and severity of coronary artery disease served as a control group and ''usual medical care'' was rendered by their private physicians. No significant changes with respect to serum lipoproteins, physical work capacity, maximal rate-pressure product, or stress-induced myocardial ischemia were observed in this group. These data indicate that regular physical exercise at high intensity, lowered body weight, and normalization of serum lipoproteins may alleviate compromised myocardial perfusion during stress

  16. Mental stress as a provocative test in patients with various clinical syndromes of coronary heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Specchia, G; Falcone, C; Traversi, E; La Rovere, M T; Guasti, L; De Micheli, G; Ardissino, D; De Servi, S

    1991-04-01

    To assess the prevalence of mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia and investigate the pathogenetic mechanisms by which emotional stress may induce myocardial ischemia, we studied 372 patients with angina pectoris who underwent mental arithmetic and exercise stress testings. Hyperventilation tests were also performed in 176 patients, and 340 patients underwent coronary arteriography. Sixty-one patients showed significant ST segment abnormalities during mental arithmetic and exercise stress testings (group 1). Two hundred eleven patients had negative responses to mental stress but positive exercise tests (group 2), whereas both tests were negative in 100 patients (group 3). Mental stress induced significant increases in heart rate and systolic blood pressure in the three groups of patients; however, group 1 patients had higher increases in rate-pressure product (mm Hg x beats/min) than group 2 and group 3 patients (14,909 +/- 3,894 versus 12,985 +/- 2,900 versus 12,724 +/- 4,400 mm Hg x beats/min, p less than 0.01). Group 1 patients had shorter exercise durations than group 2 or group 3 (4.06 +/- 1.55 versus 7.65 +/- 3.07 versus 13.9 +/- 5.31 minutes, p less than 0.01), although rate-pressure products at peak exercise were similar in groups 1 and 2 (20,277 +/- 6,058 versus 20,768 +/- 3,864, p = NS) and significantly higher in group 3 (26,221 +/- 7,100/mm Hg x beats/min, p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2009619

  17. Submandibular cellulitis (Ludwig's angina) associated to a complex odontoma erupted into the oral cavity. Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertolai, R; Acocella, A; Sacco, R; Agostini, T

    2007-01-01

    The clinical presentation of Ludwig's angina consists in a severe expanding cellulitis causing swelling of the floor of the mouth, tongue and submandibular region, thus resulting in a possible obstruction of the airway and in a rapid progress in deep neck soft tissue infection and mediastinitis with potentially fatal consequences. Frequently, submandibular cellulitis develops from an acute infection spreading from the lower molar teeth. Mandibular fractures, traumatic laceration of the floor of the mouth, and peritonsillar abscesses are other concomitant clinical features. A case of Ludwig's angina associated with a large erupted odontoma and with a deeply impacted third molar displaced to the border of the mandible is described. The patient was affected by enlargement of submandibular space, marked face swelling causing an evident face deformity, tenderness and redness of the neck and limited movement of the neck and mouth. In the past, Ludwig's angina was frequently fatal, however aggressive surgical and medical therapy have significantly reduced the mortality rate. The reported case can be considered as important, not only because of the rarity of the odontoma eruption in the oral cavity, but mainly for the extent of the clinical manifestation of a lesion usually described in literature as asymptomatic.

  18. Association of low levels of vitamin D with chronic stable angina: A prospective case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ab Hameed Raina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD is a major cause of death and disability in developed countries. Chronic stable angina is the initial manifestation of CAD in approximately 50% of the patients. Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D is crucial for cardiovascular health. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in our region is 83%. A low level of vitamin D is associated with chronic stable angina. Aim: This study was aimed at supporting or refuting this hypothesis in our population. Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective case-control study. We studied 100 cases of chronic stable angina and compared them with 100 matched controls. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as <20 ng/mL, vitamin D insufficiency as 20-30 ng/mL and normal vitamin D level as 31-150 ng/mL. Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among cases and controls was 75% and 10%, respectively. 75% of the cases were vitamin D-deficient (<20 ng/mL; 12% were vitamin D-insufficient (20-30 ng/mL, and 13% had normal vitamin D levels (31-150 ng/mL. None had a toxic level of vitamin D. Among the controls, 10% were vitamin D-deficient, 33% were vitamin D-insufficient, and 57% had normal vitamin D levels. The mean vitamin level among cases and controls was 15.53 ng/mL and 40.95 ng/mL, respectively, with the difference being statistically significant (P ≤ 0.0001. There was no statistically significant relation between the disease severities, i.e., on coronary angiography (CAG with vitamin D level. Among the cases, we found that an increasing age was inversely related to vitamin D levels (P = 0.027. Conclusion: Our study indicates a correlation between vitamin D deficiency and chronic stable angina. Low levels may be an independent, potentially modifiable cardiovascular risk factor.

  19. Debate: Unstable angina - When should we intervene?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kereiakes Dean J

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The prognosis of patients who present with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS is guarded. These patients can be risk-stratified on the basis of symptom complex, electrocardiographic ST segment depression, obvious hemodynamic compromise and particularly on the basis of serum troponin level. An elevated troponin level determines risk and also predicts the degree of benefit from treatment with either low molecular weight heparin or platelet glycoprotein (GP IIb/IIIa blockade. Higher risk patients should undergo early coronary angiography and myocardial revascularization as indicated and feasible. Although studies performed before the advent of coronary stenting and adjunctive platelet GP IIb/IIIa blockade suggested increased hazard for patients undergoing early intervention, recent experience cited herein supports an in-hospital and long-term clinical benefit for the aggressive approach. Here, I propose an algorithm for risk stratification and triage of appropriate patients for adjunctive pharmacotherapy and early revascularization.

  20. Prevalence of linked angina and gastroesophageal reflux disease in general practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hirohito Kato; Takamasa Ishii; Tatsuo Akimoto; Yoshihisa Urita; Motonobu Sugimoto

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the association between gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD) and coronary heart diseases. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and seventy consecutive patients who attended our hospital were enrolled. All of the patients who first attend our hospital were asked to respond to the F-scale questionnaire regardless of their chief complaints. All patients had a careful history taken, and resting echocardiography (ECG) was performed by physicians if the diagnostic necessity arose. Patients with ECG signs of coronary artery ischemia were defined as Stsegment depression based on the Minnesota code. RESULTS: Among 712 patients (36%) with GERD, ECG was performed in 171 (24%), and ischemic changes were detected in eight (5%). Four (50%) of these patients with abnormal findings upon ECG had no chest symptoms such as chest pain, chest oppression, or palpitations. These patients (0.6%; 4/712) were thought to have non-GERD heartburn, which may be related to ischemic heart disease. Of 281 patients who underwent ECG and did not have GERD symptoms, 20 (7%) had abnormal findings upon ECG. In patients with GERD symptoms and ECG signs of coronary artery ischemia, the prevalence of linked angina was considered to be 0.4% (8/1970 patients). CONCLUSION: The present study suggested that ischemic heart disease might be found although apatient was referred to the hospital with a complaint of GERD symptoms. Physicians have to be concerned about missing clinically important coronary artery disease while evaluating patients for GERD symptoms.

  1. 24小时心率变异三角指数作为冠心病心绞痛、心肌梗死患者预后危险性分级的定量指标的研究%The Study of 24 Hours HR Variation Triangle Index as the Quantitative Index to Grade the Prognostic Hazard of the Patients with Angina Pectoris and Myocardial Infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李厚荣; 李庆平; 张磅锁

    2006-01-01

    目的:24小时心率变异三角指数作为冠心病(CHD)心绞痛(AP)、心肌梗死(MI)患者预后危险性分级的定量指标的研究.方法:对CHD AP组62例,急性心肌梗死(AMI)80例,陈旧性心肌梗死(OMI)80例,正常组60例,均采用美国PI 200A型动态心电图进行心电实时监测,24小时心率变异三角指数和24小时高频成份的测定按ESC和NASP推荐的方法.融入加权、综合三角指数来衡量24小时心率变异三角指数对CHD AP、MI及其并发症患者与正常组进行对照分析.结果:①AMI组,OMI 组,AP组心率变异三角指数(HRV TI)显著低于正常对照组[(25.4±7.6)/(26.5±8.5)/(27.6±9.4)/(37.3±12),P<0.001].②AMI组:HRV TI前壁MI,低于下壁MI[(23.5±3.65)/(27.2±7.85),P<0.05];广泛前壁MI低于广泛下壁MI组[(22.4±6.1)/(28.5±8.5),P<0.01].③OMI组:前壁与下壁梗死、HRV TI的差异消失,然而多部位梗死HRV TI低于单一部位MI[(23.01±73.05)/(27.4±8.1),P<0.05].④32例合并心力衰竭的患者HRV TI明显低于68例无合并症的MI患者[(18.8±6.25)/(30.0±7.0),P<0.001].⑤48例合并室性心律失常的患者HRV TI低于38例无并发症MI患者,[(24.58±6.05)/(29.88±7.1),P<0.001].⑥按HRV TI>25为正常标准,≤25者预后不良发生率和猝死率分别为>25者8.8倍(24/90∶4/132和8.1倍(11/90∶2/132)的构成比,按HRV TI的降低的程度制定四级标准,即≤25轻度异常.≤20中度异常,≤15重度异常,≤10为极度异常.结论:HRV TI降低的AP、MI患者预后不良,HRV TI降低的程度与MI的部位、面积及合并症相关;且与高频成份降低有关.HRV TI≤25轻度异常.≤20中度异常,≤15重度异常,≤10为极度异常,提示CHD AP,MI患者迷走神经系统功能严重受损,易发生持续性室性心动过速,心室颤动和/猝死.

  2. Effects of problem solving interventions on perceived health behavior in patients with unstable angina%解决问题技能干预对提高不稳定性心绞痛患者健康行为自我效能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵燕

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To determine the effects of problem solving intervention on perceived health behavior in patients with unstable angina. Methods: One hundred subjects underwent examination using the perceived health behavior scale, which was consisted of 28 items, including 4 subscales in 4 domains:the responsibility for health, psychological well being, nutrition, and exercise. The questionnaire was rated as 0 to 4 points, with the total score ranging from 0 to 112 points, with higher scores indicating a higher efficiency of implementation of perceived health behaviors. Problem solving skills were then offered as the intervention steps: determination of the problem, generation of alternative solutions, decision making, as well as implementation of plans and evaluate the results. The main contents included the misperceptions of patient ' s own disease, intervention on patients lacking knowledge, skills and confidence, the intervention of adverse behaviors as well as intervention against adverse psychological conditions. At month 3 after intervention, the self efficiency was reassessed using the perceived health behavior scale. Data were compared using the t tests. Results: The intervention with problem solving skills markedly improved the self efficiency and perceived health behaviors among all domains ( all P<0.01) . Conclusion:The intervention with problem solving skills effectively improves patient's perceived health behavior and self efficiency and promotes recovery in patients with unstable angina.%目的:观察解决问题技能干预对提高不稳定性心绞痛患者自觉健康行为自我效能的影响作用。方法:被试对象100例,采用自觉健康行为自我效能量表进行入组测评。该量表共28个条目,包含4个分量表(4个维度):即健康责任、心理安适、营养、运动。问卷采用予0~4级计分,总分为0~112分,得分愈高代表自觉执行健康行为的自我效能越高。然后给予问题解决技能

  3. Prinzmetal's variant angina evolved in inferior myocardial infarction with involvement of the right ventricle: Sequential radionuclide evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A patient with Prinzmetal's variant angina (PVA) who developed an inferolateral myocardial infarction with right-ventricle involvement was studied using sequential radionuclide imaging until 5 months after the acute event. The patient also underwent-contrast ventriculography and coronary-artery angiography. Equilibrium-gated radionuclide angiography (EGRA) revealed the localization of ventricular dysfunction, the results obtained being in agreement with haemodynamic data. We emphasize the usefulness of the parameters obtained using EGRA (regional wall motion, systolic and diastolic parameters) in planing therapy and follow-up. (orig.)

  4. Nifedipine for angina and acute myocardial ischemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.G. Hugenholtz (Paul); J.W. de Jong (Jan Willem); P.D. Verdouw (Pieter); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    1983-01-01

    textabstractThis paper reviews the mechanisms believed to be responsible for myocardial ischaemia and the mode of action of calcium antagonist drugs. The clinical management of patients with myocardial ischaemia is discussed in the context of current knowledge about patho-physiology and drug action.

  5. Construction of therapeutic evaluation system for patients with coronary heart disease in traditional Chinese medicine%冠心病中医证候疗效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东涛; 王剑; 李洁; 朱敬秀; 张美增; 魏陵博; 姜荣钦; 刘学法

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨以证候为内容的冠心病中医疗效评价方法,并验证可靠性.方法:以100mm刻度法及综合评价层次分析法(AHP)为数学工具,以“综合集成研讨厅”为研讨方式,共取57个中医症状量化值为底层指标,以11个基本证候为第二层次指标,以实证与虚证为第三层次指标,以证候总评分为顶层指标,初步构建了以证候为内容的冠心病层次分析综合疗效评价方法.并在临床上与心绞痛评分、西雅图心绞痛评分、生存质量(SF-36)等进行了相关性对比研究,对模型的可靠性进行了验证.结果:冠心病证候总评分与心绞痛评分、西雅图心绞痛评分、SF-36有显著的相关性.结论:构建的以证候为内容的冠心病中医综合疗效评价方法可评价冠心病的轻重程度.%Objective:To construct a system of therapeutic evaluation for patients with coronary heart disease(CHD) according to the theory of syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),and to examine its reliability. Methods:Analytic hierarchy process(AHP)and 100 mm surveyors rod method were applied as a mathematical tool, "hall for workshop of metasyn-thetic engineering" was applied as an important way of discussion, total 57 symptoms of TCM were selected as the underlying index, 11 basic syndromes of TCM and excessive syndromes and deficient syndromes were applied as a second-level indicators and third-level indicators,the total assessment of TCM syndromes was applied as a top-level indicator,initially constructed to the comprehensive clinical evaluation system for CHD,symptoms of TCM as its content. And its reliability was verified in clinical practice by comparing with some evaluation criteria in western medicine,such as angina pectoris score;Seattle angina score;and quality of life(SF-36),etc. Results:A system of therapeutic effect evaluation was constructed,and the comparative study with western medicine targets,the total score of TCM

  6. THE EFFECT OF LEFT VENTRICULAR DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF ANGINA DECUBITUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈纪林; 高润霖; 姚康宝; 杨跃进; 秦学文; 乔树宾; 姚民

    2000-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the effect of left veraricular diastolic dysfunction on the pathogenesis of angina decubitus (AD).Methods. The study population consisted of three groups: 20 individuals without cardiovascular disease were studied as group Ⅰ . Group Ⅱ included 20 patents with coronary artery disease and without AD. Thirty-one patients with AD and ejection fraction(EF) > 50% were studied as group Ⅲ. Group Ⅱ and Ⅲ were matched for age, EF and extent of coronary artery disease.Results. Left ventricnlography (LVG) showed that left ventricnlar (LV) first 1/3 filling fraction (1/3FF) was significantly lower in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅱ and Ⅰ (both P <0.001),but LV late 1/3 FF was much higher in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅱ and Ⅰ (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Left ventricular end-diastohc presstrre(LVEDP) was markedly inereased before and after LVGin group Ⅱ and Ⅲ as compared with group Ⅰ (beth P<0.05, beth P<0.001). The difference of LVEDP caused by left atrial contraction (left atrial contraction pressure difference, LACPD) before and after LVG was much higher in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅰ ( P < 0.01, P < 0.001). Howevere, there were significant differences in LVEDP and in LACPD between before and after LVG only in group Ⅲ (both P < 0.01).Conclusion. The patients with AD have LV diastolic dysfunction, which may be closely related to the pathogen-esis of angina decubitus.

  7. THE EFFECT OF LEFT VENTRICULAR DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF ANGINA DECUBITUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈纪林; 高润霖; 姚康宝; 杨跃进; 秦学文; 乔树宾; 姚民

    2000-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the effect of left ventricular diastohc dysfunction on the pathogenesis of angina decubitus (AD). Methods. The study population consisted of three groups: 20 individuals without cardiovascular disease were studied as group Ⅰ . Group Ⅱ included 20 patents with coronary artery disease and without AD. Thirty-one patients with AD and ejection fraction(EF) > 50% were studied as group Ⅲ. Group Ⅱ and Ⅲ were matched for age, EF and extent of coronary artery disease. Results. Left ventriculography (LVG) showed that left ventricular (LV) first 1/3 filling fraction(1/3FF) was significantly lower in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅱ and Ⅰ (both P < 0.001),but LV late 1/3 FF was much higher in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅱ and Ⅰ (P <0.05, P < 0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure(LVEDP)was markedly increased before and after LVG in group Ⅱ and Ⅲ as compared with group Ⅰ (bothP<0.05, both P< 0.001). The difference of LVEDP caused by left atrial contraction (left atrial contraction pressure difference, LACPD)before and after LVG was much higher in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅰ ( P <0.01, P < 0.001). Howevere,there were significant differences in LVEDP and in LACPD between before and after LVG only in group Ⅲ (both P < 0.01). Conclusion. The patients with AD have LV diastolic dysfunction, which may be closely related to the pathogen esis of angina decubitus.

  8. GAMMAGRAFÍA DE PERFUSIÓN MIOCÁRDICA EN MUJERES POSMENOPÁUSICAS CON ANGINA Y CORONARIAS EPICÁRDICAS ANGIOGRÁFICAMENTE NORMALES / Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in postmenopausal women with angina and angiographically normal epicardial coronary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherien Sixto Fernández

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and Objectives: Microvascular angina is common in postmenopausal women. Myocardial ischemia was induced by stress testing, and reports have been published about the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and myocardial perfusion. The objective of this research was to determine whether myocardial ischemia can be evidenced by abnormalities in perfusion and function, as detected by myocardial scintigraphy in women with typical angina, normal coronary angiography and endothelial dysfunction. Methods: 59 women underwent lipid and endothelial function measurements by brachial artery ultrasound, in addition, a 24-hour ECG study (Holter. During the scintigraphy a stress-rest protocol was applied. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence (group I or absence (group II of myocardial perfusion defects. Results: 21 patients showed perfusion defects. 57 % of group I exhibited greater endothelial dysfunction. Only twelve patients showed reversible perfusion defects, and 75 % of the cases was associated with a reduction of post-stress left ventricular ejection fraction, greater than 5 %, and regional abnormalities of wall motion. Three patients in group I showed evidence of ischemia compared with four in Group II. Conclusions: The stress-induced ischemia was associated with a reduced post-stress ejection fraction and endothelial dysfunction in the studied women, and no ischemic changes in the Holter were found.

  9. 介入治疗联合应用腺苷对不稳定型心绞痛患者冠状动脉血流和临床预后的影响%Effects of Adenosine on coronary artery patency and clinical outcomes in unstable angina patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莉; 陈晓敏; 俞晓薇; 曹树军; 刘弢

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of Adenosine on target artery patency and clinical outcomes in unstable angina (UA) patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods From March 2009 to December 2009, 60 UA patients underwent PCI were randomized to receive intravenous Adenosine (within 10 minutes before PCI, n= 30) or saline ( within 10 minutes before PCI, n= 30). All subjects were pretreated with aspirin and clopidogrel. Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade and Corrected TIMI Frame Count (CTFC) of target artery before and after PCI were recorded. All the patients were followed up for 3 months and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) after PCI were recorded. Results The TIMI flow grade 2-3 and CTFC were not statistically significant between the two groups before PCI (76. 2% vs. 72. 5% , 41.60 ± 13.76 vs. 42. 13 ± 14.30, P >0. 05). The TIMI flow grade 3 was similar between the two groups after PCI (97. 6% vs. 92. 9% , P >0. 05) , but Adenosine group was associated with a significantly better CTFC ( 23.03 ± 8.38 vs. 28.50 ± 10. 24, P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions Based on pretreatment with Aspirin and Clopidogrel, Adenosine is associated with improved target artery patency.%目的 评价经皮冠状动脉介入治疗(PCI)联合静脉应用腺苷对不稳定型心绞痛(UA)患者冠状动脉血流和近期临床预后的影响.方法 2009年3~12月,60例准备行PCI的UA患者按随机数字表法分配到腺苷组(PCI术前10 min应用腺苷,30例)和对照组(PCI术前10 min应用生理盐水,30例).观察两组在常规使用阿司匹林和氯吡格雷的基础上,PCI术前和术后即刻靶血管TIMI血流分级和校正的TIMI帧数(CTFC).随访PCI术后3个月内两组患者主要不良心血管事件(MACE)的发生率.记录使用腺苷治疗期间不良反应的发生情况.结果 两组PCI术前即刻靶血管TIMI血流2~3级发生率和CTFC差异无统计学意义(76.2%比72

  10. Effect of Compound Danshen Dripping Pill Combined with Clopidogrel on Platelet Function in Patients with Unstable Angina%复方丹参滴丸联合氯吡格雷片对不稳定型心绞痛患者血小板功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡洪滨; 姚朱华; 高仪

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of Compound Danshen Dripping Pill (CDDP) combined with clopidogrel for unstable angina (UA). Methods Totally 102 UA patients were randomized into the CDDP group (33 cases) , clopidogrel group (35 cases) and CDDP+clopidogrel group (34 cases). The patients in the CDDP group were orally taken 270mg CDDP twice daily on the basis of routine treatment. The patients in the clopidogrel group were orally taken 75 mg clopidogrel once daily. The CDDP+clopidogrel group was given the combo therapy of the CDDP group and clopidogrel group. After the treatments were given to each of groups for 3 weeks, the improvement of clinical symptoms and electrocardiogram (ECG) ST segment changes were evaluated. The platelet aggregation function and thromboxane B2(TXB2) levels were measured before and after treatment. Results There was no significant difference between groups in the total effective rate and ECG effective rate (P> 0. 05). The platelet aggregation rates and TXB2 levels were significantly decreased in all groups after treatment (P<0. 01) , especially in the CDDP+clopidogrel group (P<0. 05). Conclusion The combo therapy of clopidogrel and CDDP is more effective in inhibiting platelet aggregation than single treatment. It provides the basis for clinical integrative antithrombotic therapy.%目的 观察复方丹参滴丸联合氯吡格雷片对不稳定型心绞痛患者的作用.方法 将102例不稳定型心绞痛患者随机分为3组,在常规治疗的基础上,复方丹参滴丸组(33例)给予复方丹参滴丸每次270 mg,每日2次,口服.氯吡格雷片组(35例)给予氯吡格雷片每次75 mg,每日1次,口服.联合治疗组(34例)给予前两种治疗方案联合治疗.各组均治疗3周后观察患者的症状疗效及心电图疗效,测定血小板聚集率及血栓素B2(TXB2).结果 复方丹参滴丸组、氯吡格雷片组、联合治疗组症状疗效总有效率分别为90.9%、91.4%、94.1%,心电图

  11. Myocardial bridge: The cause of angina in a young man

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myocardial bridging is basically the systolic narrowing of epicardial coronary arteries, secondary to their tunneled course in myocardium. Though it is a benign condition it can have the symptoms like acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. We report a 32-year-old male, who presented with typical exertional angina, had positive exercise treadmill and thallium-201 test. Coronary angiography revealed myocardial bridge of distal left anterior descending coronary artery. He was put on β-blockers and was doing well at 8 years of follow-up

  12. Ludwig’s Angina in Pregnancy Necessitating Pre Mature Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Kamath, Abhay Taranath; Bhagania, Manish Kumar; Balakrishna, R.; Sevagur, Ganesh Kamath; Amar, R.

    2012-01-01

    Ludwig’s angina is a potentially life threatening disease that can arise from odontogenic infections if they are not attended well in advance. Its incidence in pregnancy is rare, but has been reported. Pregnancy is associated with complex physiological changes in the body which can make small dental infections assume grave proportions if not treated appropriately. This article presents a case of a 24 year old, 32 week pregnant lady who reported with swelling around the jaws and neck, difficul...

  13. Muscle Fibre Types, Ubiquinone Content and Exercise Capacity in Hypertension and Effort Angina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Jan; Diamant, Bertil; Folkers, Karl;

    1991-01-01

    Farmakologi, hypertension, IHD, skeletal muscle fibre composition, muscle coenzyme Q10, ischaemic heart disease, effort angina, muscle fibre lesion, muscle ubiquinone......Farmakologi, hypertension, IHD, skeletal muscle fibre composition, muscle coenzyme Q10, ischaemic heart disease, effort angina, muscle fibre lesion, muscle ubiquinone...

  14. Estudo comparativo entre agregação plaquetária por turbidimetria e impedância elétrica em pacientes sob terapia antiplaquetária à base de ácido acetilsalicílico Comparative study of platelet aggregation by turbidimetric and impedance methods in patients under acetylsalicylic acid antiplatelet therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Lorenzo da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A hiperagregação (agregação excessiva das plaquetas pode causar a formação de um trombo e a posterior oclusão dos vasos sanguíneos levando à isquemia. Esse fenômeno é responsável por doenças isquêmicas cardiovasculares, como angina pectoris e aterosclerose, bem como outras formas de isquemia, como o acidente vascular cerebral. Visando diminuir a função das plaquetas para reduzir a formação de trombos, o ácido acetilsalicílico vem sendo utilizado para tratamento antitrombótico, com diversos estudos mostrando sua eficácia. Dessa forma faz-se mister o uso de uma ferramenta laboratorial para o monitoramento da efetividade do tratamento, o que é feito por meio do teste de agregação plaquetária. O objetivo desse estudo foi comparar duas metodologias para esse exame (impedância elétrica e turbidimetria em relação a trinta pacientes adultos de ambos os sexos em uso do fármaco. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram uma boa correlação entre os métodos, possibili