WorldWideScience

Sample records for aneta ozolina toms

  1. Aneta Fraczek-Szczypta

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Polysulphone composite membranes modified with two types of carbon additives as a potential material for bone tissue regeneration · ALICJA WEDEL-GRZENDA ANETA FRACZEK-SZCZYPTA MAURICIO TERRONES ANA LAURA ELÍAS MALGORZATA LEKKA ELZBIETA MENASZEK STANISLAW BLAZEWICZ.

  2. tom goldammer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. TOM GOLDAMMER. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 701-706 RESEARCH NOTE. Identification of genes involved in cold-shock response in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) · ANDREAS BORCHEL MARIEKE VERLEIH ALEXANDER ...

  3. Hammett, Tom

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hammett, Tom. Vol 4, No 2 (2016) - Articles Agricultural education and training system capacity development for sub-Saharan Africa: The role of InnovATE. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2305-7432. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  4. tom browder

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. TOM BROWDER. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 89 Issue 4 October 2017 pp 65 Special Issue. Right-handed currents at B → K ∗ ℓ + ℓ − kinematic endpoint · RUSA MANDAL ANIRBAN KARAN ABINASH KUMAR NAYAK RAHUL SINHA TOM ...

  5. TOMS Absorbing Aerosol Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    Washington University St Louis — TOMS_AI_G is an aerosol related dataset derived from the Total Ozone Monitoring Satellite (TOMS) Sensor. The TOMS aerosol index arises from absorbing aerosols such...

  6. Researcher Interview: Tom Hudson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tom Hudson, M.D., President and Scientific Director of the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, describes the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC), which brings together cancer genomic data and research from across the world.

  7. "Tom Byers: The New Colossus"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Inger Hunnerup

    2013-01-01

    Educational and social welcome strategies to American Society and Culture: SUSI director Tom Byers, The Statue of Liberty and Emma Lazarus' "New Colossus"......Educational and social welcome strategies to American Society and Culture: SUSI director Tom Byers, The Statue of Liberty and Emma Lazarus' "New Colossus"...

  8. 75 FR 69470 - Tele Atlas North America, Inc., Currently Doing Business as Tom Tom Including Off-Site Workers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ...,839B; TA-W-70,839C] Tele Atlas North America, Inc., Currently Doing Business as Tom Tom Including Off... Business as Tom Tom, Concord, MA; Tele Atlas North America, Inc. Currently Doing Business as Tom Tom, Detroit, MI; Tele Atlas North America, Inc. Currently Doing Business as Tom Tom, Redwood, CA; Amended...

  9. A Type System for Tom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Kirchner

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Extending a given language with new dedicated features is a general and quite used approach to make the programming language more adapted to problems. Being closer to the application, this leads to less programming flaws and easier maintenance. But of course one would still like to perform program analysis on these kinds of extended languages, in particular type checking and inference. In this case one has to make the typing of the extended features compatible with the ones in the starting language. The Tom programming language is a typical example of such a situation as it consists of an extension of Java that adds pattern matching, more particularly associative pattern matching, and reduction strategies. This paper presents a type system with subtyping for Tom, that is compatible with Java's type system, and that performs both type checking and type inference. We propose an algorithm that checks if all patterns of a Tom program are well-typed. In addition, we propose an algorithm based on equality and subtyping constraints that infers types of variables occurring in a pattern. Both algorithms are exemplified and the proposed type system is showed to be sound and complete.

  10. Tom Ford Construction, LLC Information Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tom Ford Construction, LLC (the Company) is located in Brentwood, Tennessee. The settlement involves renovation activities conducted at a property constructed prior to 1978, located in Nashville, Tennessee.

  11. Interview and talk by Tom Bingham

    OpenAIRE

    Bingham, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Talk by Tom Bingham at the Cambridge Rotarians, and interview by Alan Macfarlane on 31st March 2009. Edited by Sarah Harrison. Interview of Tom Bingham and talk at the Cambridge Rotarians. Bingham was Lord Chief Justice, Master of the Rolls and an important Law Lord. He talks about his life and work in the law.

  12. Updating the Micro-Tom TILLING platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okabe, Yoshihiro; Ariizumi, Tohru; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2013-03-01

    The dwarf tomato variety Micro-Tom is regarded as a model system for functional genomics studies in tomato. Various tomato genomic tools in the genetic background of Micro-Tom have been established, such as mutant collections, genome information and a metabolomic database. Recent advances in tomato genome sequencing have brought about a significant need for reverse genetics tools that are accessible to the larger community, because a great number of gene sequences have become available from public databases. To meet the requests from the tomato research community, we have developed the Micro-Tom Targeting-Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes (TILLING) platform, which is comprised of more than 5000 EMS-mutagenized lines. The platform serves as a reverse genetics tool for efficiently identifying mutant alleles in parallel with the development of Micro-Tom mutant collections. The combination of Micro-Tom mutant libraries and the TILLING approach enables researchers to accelerate the isolation of desirable mutants for unraveling gene function or breeding. To upgrade the genomic tool of Micro-Tom, the development of a new mutagenized population is underway. In this paper, the current status of the Micro-Tom TILLING platform and its future prospects are described.

  13. Tomás Carrasquilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amalia Franco Castaño

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El reconocimiento de la obra del escritor antioqueño Tomás Carrasquilla, como una obra asociada al realismo y a los principios de interpretación de las relaciones sociales que esta propuesta implica permite que, desde la composición, el esquema de los personajes y los usos del lenguaje, pueda leerse una postura crítica que se distan - cia de las normas estéticas vigentes, para mostrar las contradicciones y los desacuerdos con los proyectos políticos e ideológicos que las respaldaban. Es así como Carrasquilla concreta en una novela como La Marquesa de Yolombó la expresión de una toma de posición que se respalda en la composición de un personaje femenino desde el cual expone no solo las implicaciones de una época de la sociedad colombiana sino, además, las posibilidades de comunicación con un presente que para el escritor amerita ser cuestionado y revelado desde la descomposición de la vida social y las contradicciones de los proyectos de liberación en Colombia.

  14. LILBID-mass spectrometry of the mitochondrial preprotein translocase TOM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mager, Frauke; Lintzel, Julia; Nussberger, Stephan; Sokolova, Lucie; Brutschy, Bernhard

    2010-01-01

    In the present work we applied a novel mass spectrometry method termed laser-induced liquid bead ion desorption mass spectrometry (LILBID-MS) to the outer mitochondrial membrane protein translocon TOM to analyze its subunit composition and stoichiometry. With TOM core complex, purified at high pH, we demonstrate that a TOM core complex of Neurospora crassa is composed of at least two Tom40 and Tom22 molecules, respectively, and more than five small Tom subunits between 5.5 and 6.4 kDa. We show that the multiprotein complex has a total molecular mass higher than 170 depending on the number of Tom5, Tom6 and Tom7 molecules bound.

  15. LILBID-mass spectrometry of the mitochondrial preprotein translocase TOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mager, Frauke; Sokolova, Lucie; Lintzel, Julia; Brutschy, Bernhard; Nussberger, Stephan

    2010-11-01

    In the present work we applied a novel mass spectrometry method termed laser-induced liquid bead ion desorption mass spectrometry (LILBID-MS) to the outer mitochondrial membrane protein translocon TOM to analyze its subunit composition and stoichiometry. With TOM core complex, purified at high pH, we demonstrate that a TOM core complex of Neurospora crassa is composed of at least two Tom40 and Tom22 molecules, respectively, and more than five small Tom subunits between 5.5 and 6.4 kDa. We show that the multiprotein complex has a total molecular mass higher than 170 depending on the number of Tom5, Tom6 and Tom7 molecules bound.

  16. Tom Olaf Urb / intervjueerinud Siim Õ. Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urb, Tom Olaf, 1985-

    2016-01-01

    Muusik, produtsent, kirjanik ja näitleja Tom-Olaf Urb, lavanimega Reket, arutleb disaini teemal ja nimetab kümme disainieset, mis teda elus köitnud on. Eesti Hip-Hop auhindade jagamisel valiti Reketi "Tuule tee" 2015.a. parimaks kodumaiseks hip-hop albumiks

  17. STS-98 Crew Interview: Tom Jones

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    The STS-98 Mission Specialist Tom Jones is seen being interviewed. He answers questions about his inspiration to become an astronaut, his career path, and his training. He gives details on the mission's goals and significance, and the payload and hardware it brings to the International Space Station (ISS). Mr. Jones discusses his role in the mission's spacewalks and activities.

  18. Social versus Intrapersonal ToM: Social ToM Is a Cognitive Strength for Low- and Middle-SES Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucariello, Joan M.; Durand, Tina M.; Yarnell, Lisa

    2007-01-01

    Metarepresentational theory of mind (ToM) was studied in middle- and low-SES five- and six-year-olds. Two aspects of ToM were distinguished. Reasoning about one's own mental states (Intrapersonal ToM) was assessed in the intrapersonal ToM task condition and reasoning about others' mental states (Social ToM) was assessed in the social ToM task…

  19. Hydrodynamic Aspects of the Toms Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strel‧nikova, S. A.; Tkachenko, G. V.; Uryukov, B. A.

    2015-11-01

    The physicomathematical model of migration of polymers in a liquid turbulent flow in a pipe is based on a comparison of forces transverse to the motion of the mainstream flow: the Saffman, Magnus, and turbophoresis forces. It has been shown that the polymer particles are grouped near a certain boundary within the limits of the boundary layer. On this basis, the authors have made assumptions on the mechanism of suppression of turbulent pulsations and decrease in the viscous friction near the wall, which makes up the Toms effect. The proposed model satisfies, at least, qualitatively, various actually observed manifestations of the effect.

  20. Longitudinal Theory of Mind (ToM) Development From Preschool to Adolescence With and Without ToM Delay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Candida C; Wellman, Henry M

    2018-04-16

    Longitudinal tracking of 107 three- to-thirteen-year-olds in a cross-sequential design showed a 6-step theory of mind (ToM) sequence identified by a few past cross-sectional studies validly depicted longitudinal ToM development from early to middle childhood for typically developing (TD) children and those with ToM delays owing to deafness or autism. Substantively, all groups showed ToM progress throughout middle childhood. Atypical development was more extended and began and ended at lower levels than for TD children. Yet most children in all groups progressed over the study's mean 1.5 years. Findings help resolve theoretical debates about ToM development for children with and without delay and gain strength and weight via their applicability to three disparate groups varying in ToM timing and sequencing. © 2018 Society for Research in Child Development.

  1. Tropical easterly jet located using TOMS data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolhofer, William C.

    1987-01-01

    The formative stages of the onset of the 1979 southwest monsoon was marked by a WNW-ESE oriented band of marine convection over the South Arabian Sea. This convection was first observed on June 10, 1979 using satellite cloud imagery. The marine convection appeared during a major acceleration of the upper troposphere easterly wind field. A composite vertical meridional cross-section of upper level winds for June 11, revealed the core of the Tropical Easterly Jet (TEJ) at 115 mb, 9.5 deg N. Time analysis of the upper level wind field over the Tropical Wind Observing Ship (TWOS) polygon show a lowering of both the pressure level of maximum wind and tropopause level with acceleration of the upper level easterlies. The tropopause was as much as 20 mb lower on the equatorial side of the TEJ. Streamline analysis of the maximum observed easterly winds over India did not reveal the horizontal position of the TEJ. Careful analysis of Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) data for June 11, 1979 showed relatively high values of ozone south of India. It was observed that the latitudinal position of the TEJ on June 11, at approximately 70 deg E coincided with the northern edge of relatively high ozone values. Using this as a reference, the TEJ core was identified as far as NE Bay of Bengal (the limits of the available TOMS data).

  2. 78 FR 12307 - Taylor, G. Tom; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. ID-5705-001] Taylor, G. Tom; Notice of Filing Take notice that on February 14, 2013, G. Tom Taylor filed an application to hold interlocking positions pursuant to section 305(b) of the Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 825d(b), Part 45 of the...

  3. Testicular morphometry and sperm reserves of local turkey toms fed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The morphometry and sperm reserves of the testis, epididymis and vas deferens of three groups (n=5/ group) of sexually active adult local turkey toms fed isocaloric diet with varying levels (12 %, 16 %, 20 %) of protein were studied for sixteen weeks. The weights of the toms before treatment were between 3.5 – 4.5 kg, while ...

  4. TOM9.2 Is a Calmodulin-Binding Protein Critical for TOM Complex Assembly but Not for Mitochondrial Protein Import in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parvin, Nargis; Carrie, Chris; Pabst, Isabelle; Läßer, Antonia; Laha, Debabrata; Paul, Melanie V; Geigenberger, Peter; Heermann, Ralf; Jung, Kirsten; Vothknecht, Ute C; Chigri, Fatima

    2017-04-03

    The translocon on the outer membrane of mitochondria (TOM) facilitates the import of nuclear-encoded proteins. The principal machinery of mitochondrial protein transport seems conserved in eukaryotes; however, divergence in the composition and structure of TOM components has been observed between mammals, yeast, and plants. TOM9, the plant homolog of yeast Tom22, is significantly smaller due to a truncation in the cytosolic receptor domain, and its precise function is not understood. Here we provide evidence showing that TOM9.2 from Arabidopsis thaliana is involved in the formation of mature TOM complex, most likely by influencing the assembly of the pore-forming subunit TOM40. Dexamethasone-induced RNAi gene silencing of TOM9.2 results in a severe reduction in the mature TOM complex, and the assembly of newly imported TOM40 into the complex is impaired. Nevertheless, mutant plants are fully viable and no obvious downstream effects of the loss of TOM complex, i.e., on mitochondrial import capacity, were observed. Furthermore, we found that TOM9.2 can bind calmodulin (CaM) in vitro and that CaM impairs the assembly of TOM complex in the isolated wild-type mitochondria, suggesting a regulatory role of TOM9.2 and a possible integration of TOM assembly into the cellular calcium signaling network. Copyright © 2017 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Personhood and dementia: revisiting Tom Kitwood's ideas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewing, Jan

    2008-03-01

    Person-centred care is often cited as an aim of gerontological nursing and promotion of personhood is said to be the basis for person-centred care. As such, it forms a cornerstone value for many gerontological nurses, particularly those working in dementia care. Tom Kitwood's ideas and definition of personhood are widely referred to in the literature and used in the dementia care field. More recently, there is a move to critique and partially reject Kitwood's ideas on personhood. This paper has three aims: (i) to explore some central ideas around key theories of personhood (ii) to critique Kitwood's work on personhood. (iii) To summarize current critiques of Kitwood's ideas and provide a response that outlines why Kitwoods' ideas are still relevant. It is suggested many critiques ignore Kitwoods' ultimate purpose; that of moral concern for 'others'. However, the main criticism put forward in this paper is that, rather than completely rejecting personhood theories, Kitwood locates his work on what it means to be a person within a traditional Cartesian personhood framework, albeit from a revised or pragmatic viewpoint. Finally, it is suggested that definitions of persons and personhood need to take account of the body and time (corporeality and temporality) and gerontological nursing may want to reassess how much allegiance is given to basing nursing frameworks on the concept of personhood. © 2008 The Author.

  6. Annual Quality Assurance Conference Files by Tom Mancuso

    Science.gov (United States)

    25th Annual Quality Assurance Conference. Abstract: Learn about the NEW EPA Method 325b for Refinery Fence Line Monitoring and TO-17 Extended for Soil Gas by Tom Mancuso and Abstract: Success Using Alternate Carrier Gases for Volatile Methods

  7. Tom Russell: "Õpetajakoolitust tuleks alustada praktikast" / Liisa Lumiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumiste, Liisa

    2013-01-01

    Eduko programmi raames Tallinna Ülikoolis toimunud avalikul loengul rääkis Kanada kasvatusteadlane Tom Russell praktika tähtsusest õpetajakoolituses ja viis läbi meistriklassi õpetajakoolituse õppejõududele

  8. TOMS Column Ozone Earth Probe (MODIS Ancillary Data)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — OZONEEP is a daily, gridded 2-D Column Ozone product from the TOMS instrument in ASCII format. It consists of averaged ozone data from 00Z hours to 24Z hours with...

  9. TOMS/Meteor-3 Ground Station Overpass Data V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Meteor-3 Ground Station Overpass Data Version 8 in ASCII format. The overpass data files contain the data derived from the...

  10. TOMS/Earth Probe Ground Station Overpass Data V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe Ground Station Overpass Data Version 8 in ASCII format. The overpass data files contain the data derived from the...

  11. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Ground Station Overpass Data V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 Ground Station Overpass Data Version 8 in ASCII format. The overpass data files contain the data derived from the...

  12. Cryo-EM Structure of the TOM Core Complex from Neurospora crassa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bausewein, Thomas; Mills, Deryck J; Langer, Julian D; Nitschke, Beate; Nussberger, Stephan; Kühlbrandt, Werner

    2017-08-10

    The TOM complex is the main entry gate for protein precursors from the cytosol into mitochondria. We have determined the structure of the TOM core complex by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM). The complex is a 148 kDa symmetrical dimer of ten membrane protein subunits that create a shallow funnel on the cytoplasmic membrane surface. In the core of the dimer, the β-barrels of the Tom40 pore form two identical preprotein conduits. Each Tom40 pore is surrounded by the transmembrane segments of the α-helical subunits Tom5, Tom6, and Tom7. Tom22, the central preprotein receptor, connects the two Tom40 pores at the dimer interface. Our structure offers detailed insights into the molecular architecture of the mitochondrial preprotein import machinery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Single molecule tracking fluorescence microscopy in mitochondria reveals highly dynamic but confined movement of Tom40

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmenko, Anton; Tankov, Stoyan; English, Brian P.; Tarassov, Ivan; Tenson, Tanel; Kamenski, Piotr; Elf, Johan; Hauryliuk, Vasili

    2011-12-01

    Tom40 is an integral protein of the mitochondrial outer membrane, which as the central component of the Translocase of the Outer Membrane (TOM) complex forms a channel for protein import. We characterize the diffusion properties of individual Tom40 molecules fused to the photoconvertable fluorescent protein Dendra2 with millisecond temporal resolution. By imaging individual Tom40 molecules in intact isolated yeast mitochondria using photoactivated localization microscopy with sub-diffraction limited spatial precision, we demonstrate that Tom40 movement in the outer mitochondrial membrane is highly dynamic but confined in nature, suggesting anchoring of the TOM complex as a whole.

  14. A cidade de São Tomé

    OpenAIRE

    Madeira da Silva, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo trata da evolução da estrutura urbana do centro histórico da cidade de São Tomé desde a sua origem até à actualidade e da caracterização dos principais edifícios e conjuntos urbanos de matriz portuguesa nela situados. Numa primeira parte podemos identificar um conjunto de características da cidade de São Tomé, comuns a mais cidades das ilhas atlânticas de origem portuguesa, nomeadamente as cidades do Funchal, Ponta Delgada e Ribeira Grande. A escolha do sítio e a forma como se...

  15. Shallow ground-water conditions, Tom Green County, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J.N.

    1986-01-01

    Most of the water needs of Tom Green County, Texas, are supplied by ground water; however, the city of San Angelo is supplied by surface water. Groundwater withdrawals during 1980 (latest year for which data are available) in Tom Green County totaled about 15,300 acre-feet, all derived from shallow aquifers. Shallow aquifers in this report refer to the ground-water system generally less than 400 feet deep that contains water with less than a 10,000 milligrams per liter concentration of dissolved solids; aquifers comprising this system include: The Leona, Comanche Peak, Trinity, Blaine, San Angelo, Choza, Bullwagon, Vale, Standpipe, and Arroyo aquifers.

  16. Culture of the Tomato Micro-Tom Cultivar in Greenhouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothan, Christophe; Just, Daniel; Fernandez, Lucie; Atienza, Isabelle; Ballias, Patricia; Lemaire-Chamley, Martine

    2016-01-01

    Micro-Tom tomato cultivar is particularly adapted to the development of genomic approaches in tomato. Here, we describe the culture of this plant in greenhouse, including climate regulation, seed sowing and watering, vegetative development, plant maintenance, including treatment of phytosanitary problems, and reproductive development.

  17. Supplementary heat requirements when brooding tom turkey poults

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EXPER

    Abstract. In this study, the supplementary heat required when brooding turkey poults in winter and summer in ... balance, temperature values, sensible heat and moisture production of tom turkey poults were taken from the ..... University of Wisconsin-Madison and Division of Economic and Environmental Development,.

  18. Supplementary heat requirements when brooding tom turkey poults ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... 21721, 9476 and 5400 W per week, respectively. When brooding started in the first week of August, poults needed only 5544 W supplementary heat. However, tom turkey poults would nevertheless benefit from supplementary heat during this period because they are not yet fully feathered and the digestive system has not ...

  19. Challenge without Threat: An Interview with Tom Dewell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stork, Steve

    2005-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Tom Dewell, a professional physical educator with 28 years of experience and a fixture in Dallas physical education. Dewell has melded a background in movement education and adapted physical education with early childhood theory, including Montessori. The bulk of his experience has been in private, parochial…

  20. Isepäine iseõppija Tom Dixon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Inglise disainerist Tom Dixonist (sünd. 1959) ja tema loomingust. 1998. aastast UK disainistuudio juht mööblifirma Habitat juures, mööblitööstuse Artek loominguline direktor. Aprillis 2007 esines Milano mööblimessil vaskvalgustite kollektsiooniga ja Triennale pargis koostöös Shigeru Baniga Arteki paviljoniga

  1. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  2. TOMS/EP UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/EP UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Level-3 Earth Probe TOMS...

  3. TOMS/EP Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/EP Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Level-3 Earth Probe TOMS...

  4. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  5. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  6. Reducing the Language Content in ToM Tests: A Developmental Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnel, Morgane; Perrone-Bertolotti, Marcela; Reboul, Anne; Baciu, Monica; Durrleman, Stephanie

    2018-01-01

    The goal of the current study was to statistically evaluate the reliable scalability of a set of tasks designed to assess Theory of Mind (ToM) without language as a confounding variable. This tool might be useful to study ToM in populations where language is impaired or to study links between language and ToM. Low verbal versions of the ToM tasks…

  7. Measuring Theory of Mind in Children. Psychometric Properties of the ToM Storybooks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blijd-Hoogewys, E. M. A.; van Geert, P. L. C.; Serra, M.; Minderaa, R. B.

    2008-01-01

    Although research on Theory-of-Mind (ToM) is often based on single task measurements, more comprehensive instruments result in a better understanding of ToM development. The ToM Storybooks is a new instrument measuring basic ToM-functioning and associated aspects. There are 34 tasks, tapping various

  8. 77 FR 39406 - Safety Zone; Tom Graves Memorial Fireworks, Port Bay, Wolcott, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Tom Graves Memorial Fireworks, Port Bay, Wolcott, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION..., NY. This safety zone is intended to restrict vessels from a portion of Port Bay during the Tom Graves... necessary to ensure the safety of spectators and vessels during the Tom Graves Memorial Fireworks. This zone...

  9. Alternative function for the mitochondrial SAM complex in biogenesis of alpha-helical TOM proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojanovski, Diana; Guiard, Bernard; Kozjak-Pavlovic, Vera; Pfanner, Nikolaus; Meisinger, Chris

    2007-12-03

    The mitochondrial outer membrane contains two preprotein translocases: the general translocase of outer membrane (TOM) and the beta-barrel-specific sorting and assembly machinery (SAM). TOM functions as the central entry gate for nuclear-encoded proteins. The channel-forming Tom40 is a beta-barrel protein, whereas all Tom receptors and small Tom proteins are membrane anchored by a transmembrane alpha-helical segment in their N- or C-terminal portion. Synthesis of Tom precursors takes place in the cytosol, and their import occurs via preexisting TOM complexes. The precursor of Tom40 is then transferred to SAM for membrane insertion and assembly. Unexpectedly, we find that the biogenesis of alpha-helical Tom proteins with a membrane anchor in the C-terminal portion is SAM dependent. Each SAM protein is necessary for efficient membrane integration of the receptor Tom22, whereas assembly of the small Tom proteins depends on Sam37. Thus, the substrate specificity of SAM is not restricted to beta-barrel proteins but also includes the majority of alpha-helical Tom proteins.

  10. Biogenesis of the mitochondrial TOM complex: Mim1 promotes insertion and assembly of signal-anchored receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Thomas; Pfannschmidt, Sylvia; Guiard, Bernard; Stojanovski, Diana; Milenkovic, Dusanka; Kutik, Stephan; Pfanner, Nikolaus; Meisinger, Chris; Wiedemann, Nils

    2008-01-04

    The translocase of the outer membrane (TOM complex) is the central entry gate for nuclear-encoded mitochondrial precursor proteins. All Tom proteins are also encoded by nuclear genes and synthesized as precursors in the cytosol. The channel-forming beta-barrel protein Tom40 is targeted to mitochondria via Tom receptors and inserted into the outer membrane by the sorting and assembly machinery (SAM complex). A further outer membrane protein, Mim1, plays a less defined role in assembly of Tom40 into the TOM complex. The three receptors Tom20, Tom22, and Tom70 are anchored in the outer membrane by a single transmembrane alpha-helix, located at the N terminus in the case of Tom20 and Tom70 (signal-anchored) or in the C-terminal portion in the case of Tom22 (tail-anchored). Insertion of the precursor of Tom22 into the outer membrane requires pre-existing Tom receptors while the import pathway of the precursors of Tom20 and Tom70 is only poorly understood. We report that Mim1 is required for efficient membrane insertion and assembly of Tom20 and Tom70, but not Tom22. We show that Mim1 associates with SAM(core) components to a large SAM complex, explaining its role in late steps of the assembly pathway of Tom40. We conclude that Mim1 is not only required for biogenesis of the beta-barrel protein Tom40 but also for membrane insertion and assembly of signal-anchored Tom receptors. Thus, Mim1 plays an important role in the efficient assembly of the mitochondrial TOM complex.

  11. Design, fabrication and performance of the 10-in TOM HPD

    CERN Document Server

    Braem, André; Joram, C; Séguinot, Jacques; Weilhammer, P; Giunta, M; Malakhov, N; Menzione, A; Pegna, R; Piccioli, A; Raffaelli, F; Sartori, G

    2004-01-01

    The first sealed TOM Hybrid Photon Detector (HPD) with 10-in. diameter has been fabricated and successfully tested at CERN. This HPD has a spherical entrance window and a bialkali photocathode. The fountain focusing optics produces a demagnified image (D = 4) on the round segmented silicon sensor. The signals of the 2048 cells are read out through analog front-end electronics encapsulated in the vacuum envelope. We report on the design, fabrication technique and the experimental results obtained with laboratory test benches. The large TOM HPD is a prototype tube developed for the CLUE cosmic ray experiment. The final tubes, now under development, will be equipped with a solar-blind Rb//2Te photocathode and self triggering front-end electronics.

  12. Highlights of TOMS Version 9 Total Ozone Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhartia, Pawan; Haffner, David

    2012-01-01

    The fundamental basis of TOMS total ozone algorithm was developed some 45 years ago by Dave and Mateer. It was designed to estimate total ozone from satellite measurements of the backscattered UV radiances at few discrete wavelengths in the Huggins ozone absorption band (310-340 nm). Over the years, as the need for higher accuracy in measuring total ozone from space has increased, several improvements to the basic algorithms have been made. They include: better correction for the effects of aerosols and clouds, an improved method to account for the variation in shape of ozone profiles with season, latitude, and total ozone, and a multi-wavelength correction for remaining profile shape errors. These improvements have made it possible to retrieve total ozone with just 3 spectral channels of moderate spectral resolution (approx. 1 nm) with accuracy comparable to state-of-the-art spectral fitting algorithms like DOAS that require high spectral resolution measurements at large number of wavelengths. One of the deficiencies of the TOMS algorithm has been that it doesn't provide an error estimate. This is a particular problem in high latitudes when the profile shape errors become significant and vary with latitude, season, total ozone, and instrument viewing geometry. The primary objective of the TOMS V9 algorithm is to account for these effects in estimating the error bars. This is done by a straightforward implementation of the Rodgers optimum estimation method using a priori ozone profiles and their error covariances matrices constructed using Aura MLS and ozonesonde data. The algorithm produces a vertical ozone profile that contains 1-2.5 pieces of information (degrees of freedom of signal) depending upon solar zenith angle (SZA). The profile is integrated to obtain the total column. We provide information that shows the altitude range in which the profile is best determined by the measurements. One can use this information in data assimilation and analysis. A side

  13. Confluence: Tom Nunn’s Sculptured Musical Instruments For Improvisation

    OpenAIRE

    Tewari, Sudhanshu Ganesh

    2017-01-01

    This dissertation examines the work of Tom Nunn (b. 1946), a musician who has spent the past thirty-eight years developing new musical instruments designed specifically for playing improvised music. The culmination of his research is the Electroacoustic Percussion Board (EPB), consisting of a soundboard, amplified with contact microphones, to which sound making devices are attached. Electroacoustic Percussion Boards are an entirely new type of musical instrument: free improvisation embodied i...

  14. Inverse modeling of biomass smoke emissions using the TOMS AI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, S. Y.; Penner, J. E.; Torres, O.

    2003-12-01

    Results of inverse modeling of biomass smoke emissions using the TOMS AI and a three-dimensional transport model are presented. The IMPACT model with DAO meteorology data in 1997 are utilized to obtain aerosol spatial and temporal distributions. Two absorbing aerosol types are considered, including biomass smoke and mineral dust. First, a radiative transfer model is applied to generate the modeled AI. Then a Bayesian inverse technique is applied to optimize the difference between the modeled AI and the EP TOMS AI in the same period by regulating monthly a priori biomass smoke emissions, while the dust emissions are fixed. The modeled AI with a posteriori emissions generally is in better agreement with the EP TOMS AI. The annual global a posteriori source increases by about 13% for the year 1997 (6.31 Tg/yr BC) in the base scenario, with a larger adjustment of monthly regional emissions. Five sensitivity scenarios are carried out, including sensitivity to the a priori uncertainties, the height of the smoke layer, the cloud screening criteria of the daily EP TOMS AI, the adjustment of emissions in a lumped region outside of the major biomass burning regions, and the covariances between observations. Results suggest that a posteriori annual global emissions in the sensitivity scenarios are within 15% of that of the base scenario. However, the difference of annual a posteriori emissions between the sensitivity scenarios and the base scenario can be as large as 50% on regional scale. We are also applying the inverse model technique to the year 2000 to compare with biomass emissions deduced from an analysis based on burned areas.

  15. Tom Bissel, Voglia di vincere/Extra Lives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambra Agnoletto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Leggere il libro di Tom Bissell Extra lives: Why Video Games Matter, tradotto in Italia con il titolo Voglia di vincere, è stata un’impresa. L’impresa di qualcuno abituato a muoversi in ambito cinematografico e musicale, ma che affronta con l’entusiasmo e le incertezze del neofita i videogames e tutto ciò che riguarda la sfera videoludica, nei suoi aspetti creativi, estetici, di design e meccanica di gioco.

  16. Bruikbaarheid van snelheidsgegevens uit 'floating car data' voor proactieve verkeersveiligheidsanalyses : analyse van TomTom-snelheidsgegevens en vergelijking met meetlusgegevens op het provinciale wegennet.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, L.T. Bijleveld, F.D. & Stipdonk, H.L.

    2015-01-01

    Usefulness of 'floating car speed data' for proactive road safety analyses : analysis of TomTom speed data and comparison with loop detector speed data of the provincial road network in the Netherlands. Currently, data on road crash casualties provide local authorities with insufficient starting

  17. Novel TPR-containing subunit of TOM complex functions as cytosolic receptor for Entamoeba mitosomal transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makiuchi, Takashi; Mi-ichi, Fumika; Nakada-Tsukui, Kumiko; Nozaki, Tomoyoshi

    2013-01-01

    Under anaerobic environments, the mitochondria have undergone remarkable reduction and transformation into highly reduced structures, referred as mitochondrion-related organelles (MROs), which include mitosomes and hydrogenosomes. In agreement with the concept of reductive evolution, mitosomes of Entamoeba histolytica lack most of the components of the TOM (translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane) complex, which is required for the targeting and membrane translocation of preproteins into the canonical aerobic mitochondria. Here we showed, in E. histolytica mitosomes, the presence of a 600-kDa TOM complex composed of Tom40, a conserved pore-forming subunit, and Tom60, a novel lineage-specific receptor protein. Tom60, containing multiple tetratricopeptide repeats, is localized to the mitosomal outer membrane and the cytosol, and serves as a receptor of both mitosomal matrix and membrane preproteins. Our data indicate that Entamoeba has invented a novel lineage-specific shuttle receptor of the TOM complex as a consequence of adaptation to an anaerobic environment.

  18. Tom70 serves as a molecular switch to determine pathological cardiac hypertrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun; Qi, Man; Li, Changming; Shi, Dan; Zhang, Dasheng; Xie, Duanyang; Yuan, Tianyou; Feng, Jing; Liu, Yi; Liang, Dandan; Xu, Xinran; Chen, Jinjin; Xu, Liang; Zhang, Hong; Ye, Jiangchuan; Lv, Fei; Huang, Jian; Peng, Luying; Chen, Yi-Han

    2014-01-01

    Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is an inevitable forerunner of heart failure. Regardless of the etiology of cardiac hypertrophy, cardiomyocyte mitochondrial alterations are always observed in this context. The translocases of mitochondrial outer membrane (Tom) complex governs the import of mitochondrial precursor proteins to maintain mitochondrial function under pathophysiological conditions; however, its role in the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. Here, we showed that Tom70 was downregulated in pathological hypertrophic hearts from humans and experimental animals. The reduction in Tom70 expression produced distinct pathological cardiomyocyte hypertrophy both in vivo and in vitro. The defective mitochondrial import of Tom70-targeted optic atrophy-1 triggered intracellular oxidative stress, which led to a pathological cellular response. Importantly, increased Tom70 levels provided cardiomyocytes with full resistance to diverse pro-hypertrophic insults. Together, these results reveal that Tom70 acts as a molecular switch that orchestrates hypertrophic stresses and mitochondrial responses to determine pathological cardiac hypertrophy. PMID:25022898

  19. Meta-analysis of Theory of Mind (ToM) impairment in bipolar disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bora, E; Bartholomeusz, C; Pantelis, C

    2016-01-01

    Theory of mind (ToM) dysfunction is prominent in a number of psychiatric disorders, in particular, autism and schizophrenia, and can play a significant role in poor functioning. There is now emerging evidence suggesting that ToM abilities are also impaired in bipolar disorder (BP); however, the relationship between ToM deficits and mood state is not clear. We conducted a meta-analysis of ToM studies in BP. Thirty-four studies comparing 1214 patients with BP and 1097 healthy controls were included. BP groups included remitted (18 samples, 545 BP patients), subsyndromal (12 samples, 510 BP patients), and acute (manic and/or depressed) (10 samples, 159 BP patients) patients. ToM performance was significantly impaired in BP compared to controls. This impairment was evident across different types of ToM tasks (including affective/cognitive and verbal/visual) and was also evident in strictly euthymic patients with BP (d = 0.50). There were no significant differences between remitted and subsyndromal samples. However, ToM deficit was significantly more severe during acute episodes (d = 1.23). ToM impairment was significantly associated with neurocognitive and particularly with manic symptoms. Significant but modest sized ToM dysfunction is evident in remitted and subsyndromal BP. Acute episodes are associated with more robust ToM deficits. Exacerbation of ToM deficits may contribute to the more significant interpersonal problems observed in patients with acute or subsyndromal manic symptoms. There is a need for longitudinal studies comparing the developmental trajectory of ToM deficits across the course of the illness.

  20. Training older adults on Theory of Mind (ToM): transfer on metamemory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecce, Serena; Bottiroli, Sara; Bianco, Federica; Rosi, Alessia; Cavallini, Elena

    2015-01-01

    Research on aging has shown a significant decline in ToM after 65 years of age. Despite these age-related difficulties, no study has yet investigated the possibility to improve ToM in older adults. To address this gap we tested the efficacy of a conversation-based ToM training with age-appropriate ToM tasks and its transfer effects on metamemory. We examined 72 older adults (Mage=67.61 years, SD=6.39 years) assigned to three training conditions: a ToM training, a physical-conversation training and a social-contact group. All participants took part in two 2-h testing and to two 2-h training sessions. Results showed that after the intervention, older adults in the ToM training group improved their mental states' understanding significantly more than participants in the physical-conversation training and in the social-contact groups. Crucially, the positive effect of the ToM intervention generalized to metamemory knowledge. This is the first study investigating the efficacy of a ToM training and its transfer effect on metacognition in older adults. From a theoretical point of view, it supports the relation between ToM and metamemory. Practical implications of these data are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Cognitive, affective, and conative theory of mind (ToM) in children with traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Maureen; Simic, Nevena; Bigler, Erin D; Abildskov, Tracy; Agostino, Alba; Taylor, H Gerry; Rubin, Kenneth; Vannatta, Kathryn; Gerhardt, Cynthia A; Stancin, Terry; Yeates, Keith Owen

    2013-07-01

    We studied three forms of dyadic communication involving theory of mind (ToM) in 82 children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 61 children with orthopedic injury (OI): Cognitive (concerned with false belief), Affective (concerned with expressing socially deceptive facial expressions), and Conative (concerned with influencing another's thoughts or feelings). We analyzed the pattern of brain lesions in the TBI group and conducted voxel-based morphometry for all participants in five large-scale functional brain networks, and related lesion and volumetric data to ToM outcomes. Children with TBI exhibited difficulty with Cognitive, Affective, and Conative ToM. The perturbation threshold for Cognitive ToM is higher than that for Affective and Conative ToM, in that Severe TBI disturbs Cognitive ToM but even Mild-Moderate TBI disrupt Affective and Conative ToM. Childhood TBI was associated with damage to all five large-scale brain networks. Lesions in the Mirror Neuron Empathy network predicted lower Conative ToM involving ironic criticism and empathic praise. Conative ToM was significantly and positively related to the package of Default Mode, Central Executive, and Mirror Neuron Empathy networks and, more specifically, to two hubs of the Default Mode Network, the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial cortex and the hippocampal formation, including entorhinal cortex and parahippocampal cortex. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. La tecnología RFID aplicada a bibliotecas. La experiencia de la Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Olmo, María del Pilar; Pérez-Montes Salmerón, Carmen María

    2008-01-01

    The Tomás Navarro Tomás Library, created by the fusion of eight libraries of the Social Sciences and Humanities area in the CSIC, has implemented the RFID technology in the collection management and in the library services. This communication explanes the hardware and software needs, the implementation process and the first evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages appreciated during the last two years.

  3. The TOM Complex of Amoebozoans: the Cases of the Amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii and the Slime Mold Dictyostelium discoideum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojtkowska, Małgorzata; Buczek, Dorota; Stobienia, Olgierd; Karachitos, Andonis; Antoniewicz, Monika; Slocinska, Małgorzata; Makałowski, Wojciech; Kmita, Hanna

    2015-07-01

    Protein import into mitochondria requires a wide variety of proteins, forming complexes in both mitochondrial membranes. The TOM complex (translocase of the outer membrane) is responsible for decoding of targeting signals, translocation of imported proteins across or into the outer membrane, and their subsequent sorting. Thus the TOM complex is regarded as the main gate into mitochondria for imported proteins. Available data indicate that mitochondria of representative organisms from across the major phylogenetic lineages of eukaryotes differ in subunit organization of the TOM complex. The subunit organization of the TOM complex in the Amoebozoa is still elusive, so we decided to investigate its organization in the soil amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii and the slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum. They represent two major subclades of the Amoebozoa: the Lobosa and Conosa, respectively. Our results confirm the presence of Tom70, Tom40 and Tom7 in the A. castellanii and D. discoideum TOM complex, while the presence of Tom22 and Tom20 is less supported. Interestingly, the Tom proteins display the highest similarity to Opisthokonta cognate proteins, with the exception of Tom40. Thus representatives of two major subclades of the Amoebozoa appear to be similar in organization of the TOM complex, despite differences in their lifestyle. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.

  4. Meet TOM - the world's first open chest paediatric/adult manikin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dix, Ann

    2016-07-20

    Aged 15, TOM is a model patient. He has suffered more than his fair share of life-threatening events and never complains. But then TOM is not your average sick teenager - he is the world's first open chest paediatric/adult manikin.

  5. 33 CFR 80.170 - Sandy Hook, NJ to Tom's River, NJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sandy Hook, NJ to Tom's River, NJ. 80.170 Section 80.170 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.170 Sandy Hook, NJ to Tom's River...

  6. 77 FR 51912 - Safety Zone; Tom Lyons Productions Fireworks, Long Island Sound, Sands Point, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket Number USCG-2012-0618] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Tom Lyons Productions Fireworks, Long Island Sound, Sands Point, NY AGENCY.... 165.T01-0618 to read as follows: Sec. 165.T01-0618 Safety Zone; Tom Lyons Productions Fireworks, Long...

  7. 33 CFR 80.501 - Tom's River, NJ to Cape May, NJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tom's River, NJ to Cape May, NJ. 80.501 Section 80.501 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Fifth District § 80.501 Tom's River, NJ to Cape May, NJ...

  8. Bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus at São Tomé Island (São ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although the bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus is one of the most common cetacean species around São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, little research has focused on this species in this region. This study investigated the population of bottlenose dolphins around São Tomé Island by estimating the minimum population ...

  9. Measuring theory of mind in children. Psychometric properties of the ToM Storybooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blijd-Hoogewys, E M A; van Geert, P L C; Serra, M; Minderaa, R B

    2008-11-01

    Although research on Theory-of-Mind (ToM) is often based on single task measurements, more comprehensive instruments result in a better understanding of ToM development. The ToM Storybooks is a new instrument measuring basic ToM-functioning and associated aspects. There are 34 tasks, tapping various emotions, beliefs, desires and mental-physical distinctions. Four studies on the validity and reliability of the test are presented, in typically developing children (n = 324, 3-12 years) and children with PDD-NOS (n = 30). The ToM Storybooks have good psychometric qualities. A component analysis reveals five components corresponding with the underlying theoretical constructs. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, inter-rater reliability, construct validity and convergent validity are good. The ToM Storybooks can be used in research as well as in clinical settings.

  10. The TOM complex is involved in the release of superoxide anion from mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budzińska, Małgorzata; Gałgańska, Hanna; Karachitos, Andonis; Wojtkowska, Małgorzata; Kmita, Hanna

    2009-08-01

    Available data indicate that superoxide anion (O(2)(*-) ) is released from mitochondria, but apart from VDAC (voltage dependent anion channel), the proteins involved in its transport across the mitochondrial outer membrane still remain elusive. Using mitochondria of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant depleted of VDAC (Deltapor1 mutant) and the isogenic wild type, we studied the role of the TOM complex (translocase of the outer membrane) in the efflux of O(2)(*-) from the mitochondria. We found that blocking the TOM complex with the fusion protein pb(2)-DHFR decreased O(2)(*-) release, particularly in the case of Deltapor1 mitochondria. We also observed that the effect of the TOM complex blockage on O(2)(*-) release from mitochondria coincided with the levels of O(2)(*-) release as well as with levels of Tom40 expression in the mitochondria. Thus, we conclude that the TOM complex participates in O(2)(*-) release from mitochondria.

  11. Plasticity of TOM complex assembly in skeletal muscle mitochondria in response to chronic contractile activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Anna-Maria; Hood, David A

    2012-03-01

    We investigated the assembly of the TOM complex within skeletal muscle under conditions of chronic contractile activity-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Tom40 import into mitochondria was increased by chronic contractile activity, as was its time-dependent assembly into the TOM complex. These changes coincided with contractile activity-induced augmentations in the expression of key protein import machinery components Tim17, Tim23, and Tom22, as well as the cytosolic chaperone Hsp90. These data indicate the adaptability of the TOM protein import complex and suggest a regulatory role for the assembly of this complex in exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

  12. Dressing up in power: Tom of Finland and gay male body politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahti, M

    1998-01-01

    On one hand, the article examines ways in which Tom of Finland's drawings participated in discursive formations that created and disseminated the gay macho look. "Tom's men" appropriated these pictures to make gay identities visible in their bodies, and created potentially resisting meanings. On the other hand, the author explores the meanings of Tom's drawings, particularly in relation to discourses of sexuality, gender, and race. He argues for the multiplicity of power and for ambivalent interaction of resistance and oppression in Tom's drawings. Tom's pictures draw attention to an idea, derived from Michel Foucault, that power and resistance are to be found in one and the same place. Although ways in which these images are used may give rise to subversive meanings they also circulate racist, sexist, and fascist discourses that contradict their potentially radical meanings. Indeed, the problem with the transgressive pleasures is that transgression may help to sustain the limits that are supposed to be crossed and deconstructed by a transgressor.

  13. The legacy of Tom Andersen: The ethics of reflecting processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehart, Diane R

    2018-03-08

    Tom Andersen and his pioneering work with reflecting conservations has had a lasting influence on the field of family therapy and mental health more broadly. Most family therapists are familiar with his contributions related to reflecting teams; however, fewer are familiar with his conceptualization of reflecting processes, which offer practical ways to approach therapeutic conversations to address challenging problems. This article provides a brief history of Andersen's career and reviews four key elements of his approach, including: (a) his way of being in relationship, (b) appropriately unusual comments, (c) inner and outer dialogs, and (d) ethics of dialogical relating. Finally, this article introduces readers to the context of the video that will be analyzed in the articles that follow in this special section. © 2018 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.

  14. A Body that Matters: Tom Kilroy's Talbot's Box

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Poulain

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at Tom Kilroy’s play Talbot Box, and argues that it resorts to the tropes of the Passion narrative, revisited by ex-centric mystic Matt Talbot, to expose the homogenising, normalising and exploitative efforts of the Catholic Church, a powerful institution which is shown to work in collusion with the forces of capitalism. Using a grotesque, often farcical dramaturgy, the play displays the joint attempts of ecclesiastical and temporal powers to appropriate Matt Talbot’s private performance of the Christian Passion for their own purposes, as well as the ways in which he resists instrumentalization by submitting himself to a radical form of bodily exposure. The play thus invents its own version of a theatre of cruelty in order to accommodate a mystical experience which lies beyond the reach of realistic representation. 

  15. TOMS EP UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008 (TOMSEPL3zref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/EP UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Version 8...

  16. TOMS Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008 (TOMSN7L3zref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  17. TOMS EP Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008 (TOMSEPL3ztoz) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/EP Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  18. TOMS EP UV Aerosol Index Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008 (TOMSEPL3zaer) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/EP UV Aerosol Index Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Version...

  19. 77 FR 57477 - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authority Under Section 5(a) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ...--Delegation of Certain Functions and Authority Under Section 5(a) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese Junta's Anti... 5(a) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese Junta's Anti-Democratic Efforts Act of 2008 Memorandum for the... section 5(a)(2) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese Junta's Anti- Democratic Efforts Act of 2008 (Public Law...

  20. Straight talk with... Tom Inglesby. Interview by Kevin Jiang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglesby, Tom

    2013-06-01

    When letters containing anthrax spores were mailed to several US senators and media offices in September 2001, just one week after the 9/11 attacks, bioterrorism catapulted to the national stage. Political leaders and public health officials, desperate for guidance on this once-theoretical scenario, turned to experts including Tom Inglesby, then deputy director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies, a bioterrorism research and analysis think tank in Baltimore. In the years that followed, Inglesby and his colleagues ran exercises to simulate bioterror incidents, established a peer-reviewed journal on biodefense and advised government agencies on how to reduce the public health impact of biological threats.Today, he continues his work with the think tank, which moved to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) in 2003 (although it stayed headquartered in Baltimore) and which was recently renamed the UPMC Center for Health Security. As director and chief executive officer for the past four years, Inglesby has expanded the center's focus toward preventing public health crises arising from infectious diseases, pandemics and major natural disasters, in addition to biological, chemical and nuclear accidents or threats. Inglesby spoke with Kevin Jiang about how responses to bioterrorism, pandemics and natural disasters aren't all that different.

  1. Tallinna poeedid tuunivad linna / Tom-Olaf Urb, Paul Oja, Rainer Olbri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Tom-Olaf Urbi (pseud. Reket), DJ Paul Oja, Rainer Olbri (pseud. Metsakutsu), Henry Kõrvitsa (pseud. G-Enka), Uku Aropi (pseud. Suur Pada) mõtteid Tallinna linnaruumist. Tallinna teema nende loomingus

  2. Lateral release of proteins from the TOM complex into the outer membrane of mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harner, Max; Neupert, Walter; Deponte, Marcel

    2011-07-15

    The TOM complex of the outer membrane of mitochondria is the entry gate for the vast majority of precursor proteins that are imported into the mitochondria. It is made up by receptors and a protein conducting channel. Although precursor proteins of all subcompartments of mitochondria use the TOM complex, it is not known whether its channel can only mediate passage across the outer membrane or also lateral release into the outer membrane. To study this, we have generated fusion proteins of GFP and Tim23 which are inserted into the inner membrane and, at the same time, are spanning either the TOM complex or are integrated into the outer membrane. Our results demonstrate that the TOM complex, depending on sequence determinants in the precursors, can act both as a protein conducting pore and as an insertase mediating lateral release into the outer membrane.

  3. TOMS Meteor-3 Ground Station Overpass Data V008 (TOMSM3OVP) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Meteor-3 Ground Station Overpass Data Version 8 in ASCII format. The overpass data files contain the data derived from the...

  4. SAFARI 2000 TOMS Aerosol Index Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: Daily Aerosol Index (AI) data from Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period of August 12-September 25, 2000 were processed...

  5. Aportación a la flora vascular de São Tomé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabaldá Casado, Neus

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available 87 taxa collected in the Isle of São Tomé in August 1986 are given. and the endemic character of some of them is stressed upon. A herbarium label is tran scribed for each one, and the presence or absence in the well-known Catalogue of the SãoTomé Flora by EXELL & al. (1944 is elaborated.

    Se relacionan 87 táxones recolectados en la isla de São Tomé en agosto de 1986, señalando aquellos que son endemismos de la isla. Para cada uno de ellos se transcribe la etiqueta y se detalla su presencia o no en e l conocido catálogo de plantas vasculares de São Tomé obra de EXELL & al. (1944.

  6. SAFARI 2000 TOMS Aerosol Index Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Daily Aerosol Index (AI) data from Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period of August 12-September 25, 2000 were processed and...

  7. São Tomé and Príncipe - Business Environment and Tax Reform

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — This report is a summative evaluation of the Millennium Challenge Corporation's (MCC) Threshold Country Program (TCP) for São Tomé and Príncipe. The program was...

  8. SAFARI 2000 TOMS Tropospheric Ozone Data, Southern Africa Subset, Dry Season 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Tropical Tropospheric Ozone (TTO) data from Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period of August 8-September 29, 2000 were processed and...

  9. AuTom: a novel automatic platform for electron tomography reconstruction

    KAUST Repository

    Han, Renmin

    2017-07-26

    We have developed a software package towards automatic electron tomography (ET): Automatic Tomography (AuTom). The presented package has the following characteristics: accurate alignment modules for marker-free datasets containing substantial biological structures; fully automatic alignment modules for datasets with fiducial markers; wide coverage of reconstruction methods including a new iterative method based on the compressed-sensing theory that suppresses the “missing wedge” effect; and multi-platform acceleration solutions that support faster iterative algebraic reconstruction. AuTom aims to achieve fully automatic alignment and reconstruction for electron tomography and has already been successful for a variety of datasets. AuTom also offers user-friendly interface and auxiliary designs for file management and workflow management, in which fiducial marker-based datasets and marker-free datasets are addressed with totally different subprocesses. With all of these features, AuTom can serve as a convenient and effective tool for processing in electron tomography.

  10. La tecnología RFID aplicada a bibliotecas. La experiencia de la Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Olmo, María del Pilar; Pérez-Montes, Carmen Mª

    2008-01-01

    [ES] La Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás, creada como resultado de la fusión de ocho bibliotecas pertenecientes al área de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales del CSIC, ha implantado la tecnología de radiofrecuencia (RFID) aplicada a la gestión de la colección y a los servicios. En la comunicación se exponen las necesidades de hardware y software además del proceso de instalación y una primera valoración de las ventajas e inconvenientes observados durante los últimos dos años.

  11. Short Note New hope for the critically endangered São Tomé ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, this new site lies outside the Ôbo Natural Park, São Tomé's only protected area, for which we alert the need to better protect its surroundings, which are relevant for many of the island's endemic species. Keywords: buffer zone, conservation, distribution, Ôbo Natural Park, playback, São Tomé and Príncipe

  12. Comparison of TOMS retrievals and UVMRP measurements of surface spectral UV radiation in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Xu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Surface noontime spectral ultraviolet (UV irradiances during May-September of 2000–2004 from the total ozone mapping spectrometer (TOMS satellite retrievals are systematically compared with the ground measurements at 27 climatological sites maintained by the USDA UV-B Monitoring and Research Program. The TOMS retrievals are evaluated by two cloud screening methods and local air quality conditions to determine their bias dependencies on spectral bands, cloudiness, aerosol loadings, and air pollution. Under clear-sky conditions, TOMS retrieval biases vary from −3.4% (underestimation to 23.6% (overestimation. Averaged over all sites, the relative mean biases for 305, 311, 325, and 368 nm are respectively 15.4, 7.9, 7.6, and 7.0% (overestimation. The bias enhancement for 305 nm by approximately twice that of other bands likely results from absorption by gaseous pollutants (SO2, O3, and aerosols that are not included in the TOMS algorithm. For all bands, strong positive correlations of the TOMS biases are identified with aerosol optical depth, which explains nearly 50% of the variances of TOMS biases. The more restrictive in-situ cloud screening method reduces the biases by 3.4–3.9% averaged over all sites. This suggests that the TOMS biases from the in-situ cloud contamination may account for approximately 25% for 305 nm and 50% for other bands of the total bias. The correlation coefficients between total-sky and clear-sky biases across 27 sites are 0.92, 0.89, 0.83, and 0.78 for 305, 311, 325, and 368 nm, respectively. The results show that the spatial characteristics of the TOMS retrieval biases are systematic, representative of both clear and total-sky conditions.

  13. Novel TPR-containing subunit of TOM complex functions as cytosolic receptor for Entamoeba mitosomal transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makiuchi, Takashi; Mi-ichi, Fumika; Nakada-Tsukui, Kumiko; Nozaki, Tomoyoshi

    2013-01-01

    Under anaerobic environments, the mitochondria have undergone remarkable reduction and transformation into highly reduced structures, referred as mitochondrion-related organelles (MROs), which include mitosomes and hydrogenosomes. In agreement with the concept of reductive evolution, mitosomes of Entamoeba histolytica lack most of the components of the TOM (translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane) complex, which is required for the targeting and membrane translocation of preproteins into the canonical aerobic mitochondria. Here we showed, in E. histolytica mitosomes, the presence of a 600-kDa TOM complex composed of Tom40, a conserved pore-forming subunit, and Tom60, a novel lineage-specific receptor protein. Tom60, containing multiple tetratricopeptide repeats, is localized to the mitosomal outer membrane and the cytosol, and serves as a receptor of both mitosomal matrix and membrane preproteins. Our data indicate that Entamoeba has invented a novel lineage-specific shuttle receptor of the TOM complex as a consequence of adaptation to an anaerobic environment. PMID:23350036

  14. Nimble Negotiators: How Theory of Mind (ToM) Interconnects with Persuasion Skills in Children with and without ToM Delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Candida C.; Slaughter, Virginia; Wellman, Henry M.

    2018-01-01

    Persuasion is an essential social skill. Yet its development and underpinnings are poorly understood. In 2 studies, a total of 167 children aged 3 to 12 years took theory of mind (ToM) tests and participated in unscripted, seminaturalistic persuasive conversations. Children were typically developing (TD) or had deafness or autism spectrum disorder…

  15. Cooperation of TOM and TIM23 complexes during translocation of proteins into mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waegemann, Karin; Popov-Čeleketić, Dušan; Neupert, Walter; Azem, Abdussalam; Mokranjac, Dejana

    2015-03-13

    Translocation of the majority of mitochondrial proteins from the cytosol into mitochondria requires the cooperation of TOM and TIM23 complexes in the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes. The molecular mechanisms underlying this cooperation remain largely unknown. Here, we present biochemical and genetic evidence that at least two contacts from the side of the TIM23 complex play an important role in TOM-TIM23 cooperation in vivo. Tim50, likely through its very C-terminal segment, interacts with Tom22. This interaction is stimulated by translocating proteins and is independent of any other TOM-TIM23 contact known so far. Furthermore, the exposure of Tim23 on the mitochondrial surface depends not only on its interaction with Tim50 but also on the dynamics of the TOM complex. Destabilization of the individual contacts reduces the efficiency of import of proteins into mitochondria and destabilization of both contacts simultaneously is not tolerated by yeast cells. We conclude that an intricate and coordinated network of protein-protein interactions involving primarily Tim50 and also Tim23 is required for efficient translocation of proteins across both mitochondrial membranes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. The pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein Bim interacts with components of the translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Daniel O; Dengjel, Jörn; Wilfling, Florian; Kozjak-Pavlovic, Vera; Häcker, Georg; Weber, Arnim

    2015-01-01

    The pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-family protein Bim belongs to the BH3-only proteins known as initiators of apoptosis. Recent data show that Bim is constitutively inserted in the outer mitochondrial membrane via a C-terminal transmembrane anchor from where it can activate the effector of cytochrome c-release, Bax. To identify regulators of Bim-activity, we conducted a search for proteins interacting with Bim at mitochondria. We found an interaction of Bim with Tom70, Tom20 and more weakly with Tom40, all components of the Translocase of the Outer Membrane (TOM). In vitro import assays performed on tryptically digested yeast mitochondria showed reduced Bim insertion into the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) indicating that protein receptors may be involved in the import process. However, RNAi against components of TOM (Tom40, Tom70, Tom22 or Tom20) by siRNA, individually or in combination, did not consistently change the amount of Bim on HeLa mitochondria, either at steady state or upon de novo-induction. In support of this, the individual or combined knock-downs of TOM receptors also failed to alter the susceptibility of HeLa cells to Bim-induced apoptosis. In isolated yeast mitochondria, lack of Tom70 or the TOM-components Tom20 or Tom22 alone did not affect the import of Bim into the outer mitochondrial membrane. In yeast, expression of Bim can sensitize the cells to Bax-dependent killing. This sensitization was unaffected by the absence of Tom70 or by an experimental reduction in Tom40. Although thus the physiological role of the Bim-TOM-interaction remains unclear, TOM complex components do not seem to be essential for Bim insertion into the OMM. Nevertheless, this association should be noted and considered when the regulation of Bim in other cells and situations is investigated.

  17. The pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein Bim interacts with components of the translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel O Frank

    Full Text Available The pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-family protein Bim belongs to the BH3-only proteins known as initiators of apoptosis. Recent data show that Bim is constitutively inserted in the outer mitochondrial membrane via a C-terminal transmembrane anchor from where it can activate the effector of cytochrome c-release, Bax. To identify regulators of Bim-activity, we conducted a search for proteins interacting with Bim at mitochondria. We found an interaction of Bim with Tom70, Tom20 and more weakly with Tom40, all components of the Translocase of the Outer Membrane (TOM. In vitro import assays performed on tryptically digested yeast mitochondria showed reduced Bim insertion into the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM indicating that protein receptors may be involved in the import process. However, RNAi against components of TOM (Tom40, Tom70, Tom22 or Tom20 by siRNA, individually or in combination, did not consistently change the amount of Bim on HeLa mitochondria, either at steady state or upon de novo-induction. In support of this, the individual or combined knock-downs of TOM receptors also failed to alter the susceptibility of HeLa cells to Bim-induced apoptosis. In isolated yeast mitochondria, lack of Tom70 or the TOM-components Tom20 or Tom22 alone did not affect the import of Bim into the outer mitochondrial membrane. In yeast, expression of Bim can sensitize the cells to Bax-dependent killing. This sensitization was unaffected by the absence of Tom70 or by an experimental reduction in Tom40. Although thus the physiological role of the Bim-TOM-interaction remains unclear, TOM complex components do not seem to be essential for Bim insertion into the OMM. Nevertheless, this association should be noted and considered when the regulation of Bim in other cells and situations is investigated.

  18. Micro-Tom Tomato as an Alternative Plant Model System: Mutant Collection and Efficient Transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikata, Masahito; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    Tomato is a model plant for fruit development, a unique feature that classical model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice do not have. The tomato genome was sequenced in 2012 and tomato is becoming very popular as an alternative system for plant research. Among many varieties of tomato, Micro-Tom has been recognized as a model cultivar for tomato research because it shares some key advantages with Arabidopsis including its small size, short life cycle, and capacity to grow under fluorescent lights at a high density. Mutants and transgenic plants are essential materials for functional genomics research, and therefore, the availability of mutant resources and methods for genetic transformation are key tools to facilitate tomato research. Here, we introduce the Micro-Tom mutant database "TOMATOMA" and an efficient transformation protocol for Micro-Tom.

  19. Extension of Tom Booth's Modified Power Method for Higher Eigen Modes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Peng; Lee, Hyunsuk; Lee, Deokjung

    2015-01-01

    A possible technique to get the even higher modes is suggested, but it is difficult to be applied practically. In this paper, a general solution strategy is proposed, which can extend Tom Booth's modified power method to get the higher Eigenmodes and there is no limitation about the number of Eigenmodes that can be obtained with this method. In this paper, a general solution strategy is proposed, which can extend Tom Booth's modified power method to get the higher Eigenmodes and there is no limitation about the number of Eigenmodes that can be obtained with this method. It is more practical than the original solution strategy that Tom Booth proposed. The implementation of the method in Monte Carlo code shows significant advantages comparing to the original power method

  20. Combined Characterisation of GOME and TOMS Total Ozone Using Ground-Based Observations from the NDSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, J.-C.; VanRoozendael, M.; Simon, P. C.; Pommereau, J.-P.; Goutail, F.; Andersen, S. B.; Arlander, D. W.; BuiVan, N. A.; Claude, H.; deLaNoee, J.; hide

    1998-01-01

    Several years of total ozone measured from space by the ERS-2 GOME, the Earth Probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), and the ADEOS TOMS, are compared with high-quality ground-based observations associated with the Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), over an extended latitude range and a variety of geophysical conditions. The comparisons with each spaceborne sensor are combined altogether for investigating their respective solar zenith angle (SZA) dependence, dispersion, and difference of sensitivity. The space- and ground-based data are found to agree within a few percent on average. However, the analysis highlights for both Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) and TOMS several sources of discrepancies, including a dependence on the SZA at high latitudes and internal inconsistencies.

  1. Differential Regulation of Synaptic Vesicle Tethering and Docking by UNC-18 and TOM-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gracheva, Elena O; Maryon, Ed B; Berthelot-Grosjean, Martine; Richmond, Janet E

    2010-01-01

    The assembly of SNARE complexes between syntaxin, SNAP-25 and synaptobrevin is required to prime synaptic vesicles for fusion. Since Munc18 and tomosyn compete for syntaxin interactions, the interplay between these proteins is predicted to be important in regulating synaptic transmission. We explored this possibility, by examining genetic interactions between C. elegans unc-18(Munc18), unc-64(syntaxin) and tom-1(tomosyn). We have previously demonstrated that unc-18 mutants have reduced synaptic transmission, whereas tom-1 mutants exhibit enhanced release. Here we show that the unc-18 mutant release defect is associated with loss of two morphologically distinct vesicle pools; those tethered within 25 nm of the plasma membrane and those docked with the plasma membrane. In contrast, priming defective unc-13 mutants accumulate tethered vesicles, while docked vesicles are greatly reduced, indicating tethering is UNC-18-dependent and occurs in the absence of priming. C. elegans unc-64 mutants phenocopy unc-18 mutants, losing both tethered and docked vesicles, whereas overexpression of open syntaxin preferentially increases vesicle docking, suggesting UNC-18/closed syntaxin interactions are responsible for vesicle tethering. Given the competition between vertebrate tomosyn and Munc18, for syntaxin binding, we hypothesized that C. elegans TOM-1 may inhibit both UNC-18-dependent vesicle targeting steps. Consistent with this hypothesis, tom-1 mutants exhibit enhanced UNC-18 plasma membrane localization and a concomitant increase in both tethered and docked synaptic vesicles. Furthermore, in tom-1;unc-18 double mutants the docked, primed vesicle pool is preferentially rescued relative to unc-18 single mutants. Together these data provide evidence for the differential regulation of two vesicle targeting steps by UNC-18 and TOM-1 through competitive interactions with syntaxin.

  2. Differential regulation of synaptic vesicle tethering and docking by UNC-18 and TOM-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena O Gracheva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The assembly of SNARE complexes between syntaxin, SNAP-25 and synaptobrevin is required to prime synaptic vesicles for fusion. Since Munc18 and tomosyn compete for syntaxin interactions, the interplay between these proteins is predicted to be important in regulating synaptic transmission. We explored this possibility, by examining genetic interactions between C. elegans unc-18(Munc18, unc-64(syntaxin and tom-1(tomosyn. We have previously demonstrated that unc-18 mutants have reduced synaptic transmission, whereas tom-1 mutants exhibit enhanced release. Here we show that the unc-18 mutant release defect is associated with loss of two morphologically distinct vesicle pools; those tethered within 25nm of the plasma membrane and those docked with the plasma membrane. In contrast, priming defective unc-13 mutants accumulate tethered vesicles, while docked vesicles are greatly reduced, indicating tethering is UNC-18-dependent and occurs in the absence of priming. C. elegans unc-64 mutants phenocopy unc-18 mutants, losing both tethered and docked vesicles, whereas overexpression of open syntaxin preferentially increases vesicle docking, suggesting UNC-18/closed syntaxin interactions are responsible for vesicle tethering. Given the competition between vertebrate tomosyn and Munc18, for syntaxin binding, we hypothesized that C. elegans TOM-1 may inhibit both UNC-18-dependent vesicle targeting steps. Consistent with this hypothesis, tom-1 mutants exhibit enhanced UNC-18 plasma membrane localization and a concomitant increase in both tethered and docked synaptic vesicles. Furthermore, in tom-1;unc-18 double mutants the docked, primed vesicle pool is preferentially rescued relative to unc-18 single mutants. Together these data provide evidence for the differential regulation of two vesicle targeting steps by UNC-18 and TOM-1 through competitive interactions with syntaxin

  3. Genome-wide analysis of intraspecific DNA polymorphism in 'Micro-Tom', a model cultivar of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Masaaki; Nagasaki, Hideki; Garcia, Virginie; Just, Daniel; Bres, Cécile; Mauxion, Jean-Philippe; Le Paslier, Marie-Christine; Brunel, Dominique; Suda, Kunihiro; Minakuchi, Yohei; Toyoda, Atsushi; Fujiyama, Asao; Toyoshima, Hiromi; Suzuki, Takayuki; Igarashi, Kaori; Rothan, Christophe; Kaminuma, Eli; Nakamura, Yasukazu; Yano, Kentaro; Aoki, Koh

    2014-02-01

    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is regarded as a model plant of the Solanaceae family. The genome sequencing of the tomato cultivar 'Heinz 1706' was recently completed. To accelerate the progress of tomato genomics studies, systematic bioresources, such as mutagenized lines and full-length cDNA libraries, have been established for the cultivar 'Micro-Tom'. However, these resources cannot be utilized to their full potential without the completion of the genome sequencing of 'Micro-Tom'. We undertook the genome sequencing of 'Micro-Tom' and here report the identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion/deletions (indels) between 'Micro-Tom' and 'Heinz 1706'. The analysis demonstrated the presence of 1.23 million SNPs and 0.19 million indels between the two cultivars. The density of SNPs and indels was high in chromosomes 2, 5 and 11, but was low in chromosomes 6, 8 and 10. Three known mutations of 'Micro-Tom' were localized on chromosomal regions where the density of SNPs and indels was low, which was consistent with the fact that these mutations were relatively new and introgressed into 'Micro-Tom' during the breeding of this cultivar. We also report SNP analysis for two 'Micro-Tom' varieties that have been maintained independently in Japan and France, both of which have served as standard lines for 'Micro-Tom' mutant collections. Approximately 28,000 SNPs were identified between these two 'Micro-Tom' lines. These results provide high-resolution DNA polymorphic information on 'Micro-Tom' and represent a valuable contribution to the 'Micro-Tom'-based genomics resources.

  4. A psicologia de Tomás de Aquino: a vontade teleologicamente orientada pelo intelecto

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Cláudio Ivan de

    2009-01-01

    Conceitos psicológicos presentes na psicologia contemporânea foram objeto de ampla discussão na teologia medieval, que produziu tradições que influenciam a psicologia moderna. Abordamos a psicologia de Tomás de Aquino. Nossa hipótese é que Tomás de Aquino é representante da psicologia intelectualista, mas incorporou a discussão sobre a vontade, introduzida pelo pensamento paulinoagostiniano e desconhecida pelo intelectualismo grego. No desenvolvimento de sua psicologia da relação entre intele...

  5. Exploratory study of the association between insight and Theory of Mind (ToM) in stable schizophrenia patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pousa, Esther; Duñó, Rosó; Blas Navarro, J; Ruiz, Ada I; Obiols, Jordi E; David, Anthony S

    2008-05-01

    Poor insight and impairment in Theory of Mind (ToM) reasoning are common in schizophrenia, predicting poorer clinical and functional outcomes. The present study aimed to explore the relationship between these phenomena. 61 individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia during a stable phase were included. ToM was assessed using a picture sequencing task developed by Langdon and Coltheart (1999), and insight with the Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD; Amador et al., 1993). Multivariate linear regression analysis was carried out to estimate the predictive value of insight on ToM, taking into account several possible confounders and interaction variables. No direct significant associations were found between any of the insight dimensions and ToM using bivariate analysis. However, a significant linear regression model which explained 48% of the variance in ToM was revealed in the multivariate analysis. This included the 5 insight dimensions and 3 interaction variables. Misattribution of symptoms--in aware patients with age at onset >20 years--and unawareness of need for medication--in patients with GAF >60--were significantly predictive of better ToM. Insight and ToM are two complex and distinct phenomena in schizophrenia. Relationships between them are mediated by psychosocial, clinical, and neurocognitive variables. Intact ToM may be a prerequisite for aware patients to attribute their symptoms to causes other than mental illness, which could in turn be associated with denial of need for medication.

  6. Tom Rüütel: Tööandjal on igal juhul kasud sees / intervjueerinud Helen Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Tom

    2013-01-01

    Kui oluliseks peab Tom töötamist ning millisena näeb ta tööandjate suhtumst erivajadusega töötajasse? Millised on Tomi mõtted seoses töövõimetoetuse (TVK) reformiga? Tom Rüütel õpib Tallinna Ülikoolis magistrantuuri teisel kursusel rakenduslikku sotsiaaltööd

  7. Training Preschoolers on First-Order False Belief Understanding: Transfer on Advanced ToM Skills and Metamemory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecce, Serena; Bianco, Federica; Demicheli, Patrizia; Cavallini, Elena

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the relation between theory of mind (ToM) and metamemory knowledge using a training methodology. Sixty-two 4- to 5-year-old children were recruited and randomly assigned to one of two training conditions: A first-order false belief (ToM) and a control condition. Intervention and control groups were equivalent at pretest for…

  8. Sam37 is crucial for formation of the mitochondrial TOM-SAM supercomplex, thereby promoting β-barrel biogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenz, Lena-Sophie; Ellenrieder, Lars; Qiu, Jian; Bohnert, Maria; Zufall, Nicole; van der Laan, Martin; Pfanner, Nikolaus; Wiedemann, Nils; Becker, Thomas

    2015-09-28

    Biogenesis of mitochondrial β-barrel proteins requires two preprotein translocases, the general translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) and the sorting and assembly machinery (SAM). TOM and SAM form a supercomplex that promotes transfer of β-barrel precursors. The SAM core complex contains the channel protein Sam50, which cooperates with Sam35 in precursor recognition, and the peripheral membrane protein Sam37. The molecular function of Sam37 has been unknown. We report that Sam37 is crucial for formation of the TOM-SAM supercomplex. Sam37 interacts with the receptor domain of Tom22 on the cytosolic side of the mitochondrial outer membrane and links TOM and SAM complexes. Sam37 thus promotes efficient transfer of β-barrel precursors to the SAM complex. We conclude that Sam37 functions as a coupling factor of the translocase supercomplex of the mitochondrial outer membrane. © 2015 Wenz et al.

  9. The waters of São Tomé: a calving ground for West African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the Southern Hemisphere, humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae feed in Antarctic waters during the austral summer and migrate to their breeding grounds in subtropical and tropical waters during the winter. Historical whaling records suggest that the Archipelago of São Tomé and Príncipe, located in the Gulf of ...

  10. The Decade Ahead: Inquire, Innovate, Impact. Tomás Rivera Lecture Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Manuel T.

    2015-01-01

    In the 2015 Tomás Rivera lecture, Manuel T. Pacheco, President Emeritus of the University of Missouri System and the University of Arizona, discusses the importance of representing the Hispanic American population proportionately among college students, faculty, staff, and administration in higher education.

  11. Distinct forms of mitochondrial TOM-TIM supercomplexes define signal-dependent states of preprotein sorting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chacinska, Agnieszka; van der Laan, Martin; Mehnert, Carola S; Guiard, Bernard; Mick, David U; Hutu, Dana P; Truscott, Kaye N; Wiedemann, Nils; Meisinger, Chris; Pfanner, Nikolaus; Rehling, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Mitochondrial import of cleavable preproteins occurs at translocation contact sites, where the translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) associates with the presequence translocase of the inner membrane (TIM23) in a supercomplex. Different views exist on the mechanism of how TIM23 mediates preprotein sorting to either the matrix or inner membrane. On the one hand, two TIM23 forms were proposed, a matrix transport form containing the presequence translocase-associated motor (PAM; TIM23-PAM) and a sorting form containing Tim21 (TIM23(SORT)). On the other hand, it was reported that TIM23 and PAM are permanently associated in a single-entity translocase. We have accumulated distinct transport intermediates of preproteins to analyze the translocases in their active, preprotein-carrying state. We identified two different forms of active TOM-TIM23 supercomplexes, TOM-TIM23(SORT) and TOM-TIM23-PAM. These two supercomplexes do not represent separate pathways but are in dynamic exchange during preprotein translocation and sorting. Depending on the signals of the preproteins, switches between the different forms of supercomplex and TIM23 are required for the completion of preprotein import.

  12. Systematic Comparison of Brain Imaging Meta-Analyses of ToM with vPT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Aditi; Schurz, Matthias; Perner, Josef

    2017-01-01

    In visual perspective taking (vPT) one has to concern oneself with what other people see and how they see it. Since seeing is a mental state, developmental studies have discussed vPT within the domain of "theory of mind (ToM)" but imaging studies have not treated it as such. Based on earlier results from several meta-analyses, we tested for the overlap of visual perspective taking studies with 6 different kinds of ToM studies: false belief, trait judgments, strategic games, social animations, mind in the eyes, and rational actions. Joint activation was observed between the vPT task and some kinds of ToM tasks in regions involving the left temporoparietal junction (TPJ), anterior precuneus, left middle occipital gyrus/extrastriate body area (EBA), and the left inferior frontal and precentral gyrus. Importantly, no overlap activation was found for the vPT tasks with the joint core of all six kinds of ToM tasks. This raises the important question of what the common denominator of all tasks that fall under the label of "theory of mind" is supposed to be if visual perspective taking is not one of them.

  13. SIM PlanetQuest: The TOM-3 (Thermo-Optical-Mechanical) Siderostat Mirror Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Charles J.

    2006-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Space Interferometry Mission (SIM) PlanetQuest mission. It describes the mission, shows diagrams of the instrument, the collector bays, the Siderostat mirrors, the COL bay thermal environment, the TOM-3 replicating COL Bay Environment, the thermal hardware for the SID heater control, and the results of the test are shown

  14. Hydrology and Coastal Morphology at São Tomé

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giardino, A.; Bettencourt, S.; Carvalho, A.; Filatova, Tatiana; de Keizer, O.; Schellekens, J.; Ottow, B.

    2012-01-01

    The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe is an archipelago comprised of two main islands and several islets located in the Gulf of Guinea 350 km off the west coast of Africa. Villages of in the archipelago are built close to the coastline and have historically suffered from high rates of

  15. Tom Swift’s Three Inventions of Television: Media History and the Technological Imaginary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galili, Doron

    2015-01-01

    abstractThis article draws on fictional depiction of television in three novels in the Tom Swift series of boys' books, published in 1914, 1928, and 1933, in attempt to come to terms with different aspects of what sociologist of technology call the “technological imaginary” of television. As the

  16. Camus' Actor as Tom Stoppard's Player; A Key to Interpreting "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zivanovic, Judith

    An examination of Albert Camus' definition of the actor in "The Myth on Sisyphus" helps to illuminate the character and role of The Player in Tom Stoppard's play and, hence, to bring light to an understanding of the philosophy of the play itself. The actor, for Camus, reveals our mortality in the face of the absurdity of our mortality,…

  17. Tom Beaver, Creek Television Reporter. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for elementary school students presents an account of an American Indian television reporter, Tom Beaver (Creek), and includes a map of Oklahoma showing the location of Indian tribes. A teacher's guide following the biography contains information about the Creek tribe and the history of television, learning objectives and directions…

  18. TOMS Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means V008 (TOMSN7L3ztoz) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily and Monthly Zonal Means Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)...

  19. Errors resulting from assuming opaque Lambertian clouds in TOMS ozone retrieval

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, X.; Newchurch, M.J.; Loughman, R.; Bhartia, P.K.

    2004-01-01

    Accurate remote sensing retrieval of atmospheric constituents over cloudy areas is very challenging because of insufficient knowledge of cloud parameters. Cloud treatments are highly idealized in most retrieval algorithms. Using a radiative transfer model treating clouds as scattering media, we investigate the effects of assuming opaque Lambertian clouds and employing a Partial Cloud Model (PCM) on Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) ozone retrievals, especially for tropical high-reflectivity clouds. Assuming angularly independent cloud reflection is good because the Ozone Retrieval Errors (OREs) are within 1.5% of the total ozone (i.e., within TOMS retrieval precision) when Cloud Optical Depth (COD)≥20. Because of Intra-Cloud Ozone Absorption ENhancement (ICOAEN), assuming opaque clouds can introduce large OREs even for optically thick clouds. For a water cloud of COD 40 spanning 2-12 km with 20.8 Dobson Unit (DU) ozone homogeneously distributed in the cloud, the ORE is 17.8 DU in the nadir view. The ICOAEN effect depends greatly on solar zenith angle, view zenith angle, and intra-cloud ozone amount and distribution. The TOMS PCM is good because negative errors from the cloud fraction being underestimated partly cancel other positive errors. At COD≤5, the TOMS algorithm retrieves approximately the correct total ozone because of compensating errors. With increasing COD up to 20-40, the overall positive ORE increases and is finally dominated by the ICOAEN effect. The ICOAEN effect is typically 5-13 DU on average over the Atlantic and Africa and 1-7 DU over the Pacific for tropical high-altitude (cloud top pressure ≤300 hPa) and high-reflectivity (reflectivity ≥ 80%) clouds. Knowledge of TOMS ozone retrieval errors has important implications for remote sensing of ozone/trace gases from other satellite instruments

  20. Transcultural differences in brain activation patterns during theory of mind (ToM) task performance in Japanese and Caucasian participants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koelkebeck, Katja; Hirao, Kazuyuki; Kawada, Ryousaku; Miyata, Jun; Saze, Teruyasu; Ubukata, Shiho; Itakura, Shoji; Kanakogi, Yasuhiro; Ohrmann, Patricia; Bauer, Jochen; Pedersen, Anya; Sawamoto, Nobukatsu; Fukuyama, Hidenao; Takahashi, Hidehiko; Murai, Toshiya

    2011-01-01

    Theory of mind (ToM) functioning develops during certain phases of childhood. Factors such as language development and educational style seem to influence its development. Some studies that have focused on transcultural aspects of ToM development have found differences between Asian and Western cultures. To date, however, little is known about transcultural differences in neural activation patterns as they relate to ToM functioning. The aim of our study was to observe ToM functioning and differences in brain activation patterns, as assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This study included a sample of 18 healthy Japanese and 15 healthy Caucasian subjects living in Japan. We presented a ToM task depicting geometrical shapes moving in social patterns. We also administered questionnaires to examine empathy abilities and cultural background factors. Behavioral data showed no significant group differences in the subjects' post-scan descriptions of the movies. The imaging results displayed stronger activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) in the Caucasian sample during the presentation of ToM videos. Furthermore, the task-associated activation of the MPFC was positively correlated with autistic and alexithymic features in the Japanese sample. In summary, our results showed evidence of culturally dependent sociobehavioral trait patterns, which suggests that they have an impact on brain activation patterns during information processing involving ToM.

  1. The Copyists and their Texts. The Morisco Translations of the Qur’ān in the Tomás Navarro Tomás Library (CSIC, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-de-Castilla-Muñoz, Nuria

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Tomás Navarro Tomás library (CSIC, Madrid holds thirty seven manuscripts of the Qur’an and of tafsīr literature, copied by Mudejars and Moriscos; eleven of them are translations into Aljamía. They had been hidden in a house of the Almonacid de la Sierra village (Aragon with no more than 1.600 inhabitants in the 16th century. Through a careful analysis of these translations, we can state that, in spite of one exception, they exhibit a strong link between themselves as far as the copyists, the ornamentation, the paper or the textual kinship. These similarities enable us to surmise that they were all produced within a very short period, in the same area (probably in Almonacid de la Sierra itself, by a small group of copyists working with common textual sources. New hypotheses about the production and transmission of books in this area can thus be put forward.Escondidas en una casa del pueblo de Almonacid de la Sierra (Aragón, de no más de 1600 habitantes, se nos han conservado treinta y siete copias del Corán y del tafsīr, copiadas por mudéjares y moriscos siendo once de ellas traducciones a la aljamía. Hoy se encuentran en la biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás (CSIC, Madrid. A través de un atento estudio de estas traducciones, podemos afirmar que con la excepción de una, todas ofrecen un fuerte vínculo entre ellas: copistas, decoración, papel o parentesco textual. Estas similitudes nos permiten plantear que todas ellas se realizaron en un muy breve lapso de tiempo, en una misma zona (probablemente en el propio Almonacid de la Sierra, y que se llevaron a cabo por un pequeño grupo de copistas, que trabajaba con referentes textuales comunes. Esto permite plantear nuevas hipótesis sobre la producción y transmisión de libros en esta zona.

  2. miR-126 is downregulated in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells and regulates TOM1 expression.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Oglesby, Irene K

    2010-02-15

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common lethal genetic diseases in which the role of microRNAs has yet to be explored. Predicted to be regulated by miR-126, TOM1 (target of Myb1) has been shown to interact with Toll-interacting protein, forming a complex to regulate endosomal trafficking of ubiquitinated proteins. TOM1 has also been proposed as a negative regulator of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha-induced signaling pathways. MiR-126 is highly expressed in the lung, and we now show for the first time differential expression of miR-126 in CF versus non-CF airway epithelial cells both in vitro and in vivo. MiR-126 downregulation in CF bronchial epithelial cells correlated with a significant upregulation of TOM1 mRNA, both in vitro and in vivo when compared with their non-CF counterparts. Introduction of synthetic pre-miR-126 inhibited luciferase activity in a reporter system containing the full length 3\\'-untranslated region of TOM1 and resulted in decreased TOM1 protein production in CF bronchial epithelial cells. Following stimulation with LPS or IL-1beta, overexpression of TOM1 was found to downregulate NF-kappaB luciferase activity. Conversely, TOM1 knockdown resulted in a significant increase in NF-kappaB regulated IL-8 secretion. These data show that miR-126 is differentially regulated in CF versus non-CF airway epithelial cells and that TOM1 is a miR-126 target that may have an important role in regulating innate immune responses in the CF lung. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report of a role for TOM1 in the TLR2\\/4 signaling pathways and the first to describe microRNA involvement in CF.

  3. Comparative morphometric study of shank bone in the tom (Meleagris gallopavo and local cock (Gallus banikaval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Al-Sadi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was carried out on 20 legs of ten adult clinically and healthy local and Tom were obtained from Mosul local market, were divided into three groups; the first and second groups were subjected to gross feature regarding to shape, position, relationship of tibiotarsal and fibula in both birds also the length and diameters of shank bone while third group study morphological of muscles, blood and nerve supply of leg. The purpose of this study, this part of the limb is popularly known as the (drum stick, the bird in lowering its body flexes knee and hock joints and this passively tenses these tendons of leg which clamp the digits about the perch, and that is the much longer than the femur and, in spite of importance study to parameters of leg are more economic to choose breed of fertilization depend on the measurement, the outcome of this investigation may served as a guide for successful study of domestic birds in Iraq. The results include in both birds, the leg is consist of tibia fuses with tarsal element, forming tibiotarsus and fiblula articulates with the femur that in contrast to mammals. In Tom the tibia has two cnemial crest in proximal extremity and the distal extremity has tendinal groove, but in local cock it has one cnemial crest of proximal extremity, and it has two tendinal groove in the distal extremity, while hock joint in the Tom and local cock is an intertarsal joint that unites the tibiotarsus with the tarsometatarsus but the stiff joint is similar to that seen in mammals. The mean length of tibiotarsal in Tom 17.99±0.44 cm and the mean length of tibiotarsal in local coke 11.74±0.31 cm, the mean diameter of tibiotarsal in Tom 3.02±0.0021 cm proximal part, 2.21±0.005 cm middle part, 1.94±0.0021 cm distal part, but the mean diameter of tibiotarsal in local coke 2.86±0.048 cm proximal part, 2.02±0.067 cm middle part, 1.51±0.0022 cm distal part. While the mean length of fibula in Tom 11.62±0.21 cm and the mean length

  4. TOMS as a monitor of the ultraviolet radiation environment: applications to photobiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frederick, J.E.

    1987-01-01

    The flux of biologically relevant ultraviolet radiation that reaches the surface of the Earth varies with the ozone amount, surface reflectivity, and cloudcover. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) provides information relevant to all three items. A recent application of satellite-based ozone measurements has been to develop climatologies of the biologically significant UV-B radiation reaching the Earth's surface. A growing body of research suggests that UV-B radiation tends to suppress the immune system of laboratory mice. At tropical latitudes, it is likely that parasitical diseases develop most readily in people who have experienced immune system suppression from UV-B exposure. The computed distribution of surface radiation combined with information on disease incidence may clarify the role of UV-B as a suppressor of the human immune system. TOMS used in conjunction with radiative transfer calculations can provide information of relevance in photobiology

  5. Tom Wingfield's Alienation in Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie: A Marxist Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behnam Mirzababazadeh Fomeshi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Several distinguished philosophers such as Rousseau, Hegel, Feuerbach, Kierkegaard, Marx, Nietzsche, and Heidegger paid serious attention to the notion of alienation. The present paper elaborates on the notion of alienation, based on Marx's ideas, and traces it in the character of Tom Wingfield, one of the major characters in Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie. The Wingfields belong to the middle class living in the capitalist society of America during the Great Depression of the 1930's. The father has left the family sixteen years ago. The son, Tom, is the breadwinner of the family. As a "poet with a job in a warehouse," he is alienated from his labor. As a result of alienation from his labor he is self-alienated. The specialization in the capitalist system prevents him from developing to the total human and alienates him from his species life. The selfalienated worker becomes alienated from his family members and finally leaves them.

  6. El procesamiento informático de los materiales del Atlas Lingüístico de la Península Ibérica de Tomás Navarro Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    García Mouton, Pilar

    2010-01-01

    Estas páginas dan noticia de la puesta en marcha de un proyecto intramural del CSIC para elaborar y editar definitivamente, en soporte informático, los materiales del Atlas Lingüístico de la Península Ibérica, que Tomás Navarro Tomás dirigió en la primera mitad del siglo XX.

  7. Magnétométrie à hélium par pompage laser: le bilan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilles, H.; Hamel, J.; Monfort, Y.

    2002-06-01

    Depuis 1986, l'équipe Physique Atomique et Capteurs du CIRIL-ISMRA de Caen étudie les magnétomètres à hélium par pompage laser. On présente ici le bilan de ces travaux de recherche et les performances des deux prototypes (hélium4 et hélium3) réalisés au Laboratoire.

  8. Spatial Politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

    OpenAIRE

    Elham Kazemi; Mohsen Hanif

    2017-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p287 This article examines the notion of spatial politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. The two courtiers enter the politically convulsive world of Hamlet, where no legitimate power structure takes hold of the state. Their regularized political rationality ceases to apply to the world; reality violates the empirical knowledge — emplacements, geographical and spiritual directions, and generally identity — of Rosencrant...

  9. O tom, tshto ushlo : [luuletused] / Aleksander Suuman ; Lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuman, Aleksander, 1927-2003

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: O tom, tshto ushlo ; "Gde-to dolzhno zhe bõt stshastje..." ; "Serõje lessa..." ; Zholtogolovõ ; "Teh iv serebristõh nelzja oboiti..." ; "Vzroslõje vkladtshinu pili..." ; "U nas tut, za Giperborejem..." / tlk. Svetlan Semenenko ; Odno hotshu skazat ; Los idjot / tlk. Boris Baljasnõi.Orig.: "Kusagil peab olema õnn..." ; Kullerkupud ; "Ei hõbepajust ma mööduda saand..." ; "Meil siin Hüperboreas..." ;

  10. Molecular biology and riddle of cancer: the ‘Tom & Jerry’ show

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Al Mamun

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available From the conventional Bird’s eye, cancer initiation and metastasis are generally intended to be understood beneath the light of classical clonal genetic, epigenetic and cancer stem cell model. But inspite decades of investigation, molecular biology has shown hard success to give Eagle’s eye in unraveling the riddle of cancer. And it seems, tiring Tom runs in vague behind naughty Jerry.

  11. Satellite Detection of Smoke Aerosols Over a Snow/Ice Surface by TOMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, N. Christina; Herman, Jay R.; Gleason, J. F.; Torres, O.; Seftor, C. J.

    1998-01-01

    The use of TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) satellite data demonstrates the recently developed technique of using satellite UV radiance measurements to detect absorbing tropospheric aerosols is effective over snow/ice surfaces. Instead of the traditional single wavelength (visible or infrared) method of measuring tropospheric aerosols, this method takes advantage of the wavelength dependent reduction in the backscattered radiance due to the presence of absorbing aerosols over snow/ice surfaces. An example of the resulting aerosol distribution derived from TOMS data is shown for an August 1998 event in which smoke generated by Canadian forest fires drifts over and across Greenland. As the smoke plume moved over Greenland, the TOMS observed 380 nm reflectivity over the snow/ice surface dropped drastically from 90-100% down to 30-40%. To study the effects of this smoke plume in both the UV and visible regions of the spectrum, we compared a smoke-laden spectrum taken over Greenland by the high spectral resolution (300 to 800 nm) GOME instrument with one that is aerosol-free. We also discuss the results of modeling the darkening effects of various types of absorbing aerosols over snow/ice surfaces using a radiative transfer code. Finally, we investigated the history of such events by looking at the nearly twenty year record of TOMS aerosol index measurements and found that there is a large interannual variability in the amount of smoke aerosols observed over Greenland. This information will be available for studies of radiation and transport properties in the Arctic.

  12. Highlights from a Decade of OMI-TOMS Total Ozone Observations on EOS Aura

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haffner, David P.; Bhartia, Pawan K.; McPeters, Richard D.; Joiner, Joanna; Ziemke, Jerald R.; Vassilkov, Alexander; Labow, Gordon J.; Chiou, Er-Woon

    2014-01-01

    Total ozone measurements from OMI have been instrumental in meeting Aura science objectives. In the last decade, OMI has extended the length of the TOMS total ozone record to over 35 years to monitor stratospheric ozone recovery. OMI-TOMS total ozone measurements have also been combined synergistically with measurements from other Aura instruments and MLS in particular, which provides vertically resolved information that complements the total O3 mapping capability of OMI. With this combined approach, the EOS Aura platform has produced more accurate and detailed measurements of tropospheric ozone. This has led in turn to greater understanding of the sources and transport of tropospheric ozone as well as its radiative forcing effect. The combined use of OMI and MLS data was also vital to the analysis of the severe Arctic ozone depletion event of 2011. The quality of OMI-TOMS total O3 data used in these studies is the result of several factors: a mature and well-validated algorithm, the striking stability of the OMI instrument, and OMI's hyperspectral capabilities used to derive cloud pressures. The latter has changed how we think about the effects of clouds on total ozone retrievals. We will discuss the evolution of the operational V8.5 algorithm and provide an overview and motivation for V9. After reviewing results and developments of the past decade, we finally highlight how ozone observations from EOS Aura are playing an important role in new ozone mapping missions.

  13. How Tom Moon's research highlighted the question of glucose tolerance in carnivorous fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polakof, S; Panserat, S

    2016-09-01

    Fifteen years ago, Tom Moon wrote a review on this journal in order to propose some explanations to the exacerbated glycaemic response after a glucose load or a carbohydrate meal intake observed in fish, the so-called intolerance to glucose. Before, but in most of cases after this paper, several laboratories worldwide started to make important efforts in order to better understand this strange phenotype observed in fish and that so far seemed to belong to diabetic humans only. Tom had been worked on fish metabolism for at least 30years when he proposed that mini-review and the paths opened by him in 2001 were followed by tens of fish researchers, making this paper a breaking point on the field. Fifteen years later, we propose not only to have a look to the answers given to the questions rose in that paper, but also to summarize how his career over all these years impacted the domain of glucose metabolism in fish. In the review, we will show how Tom Moon analysed at different levels (from genes up to the whole organism), using distinct experimental tools (cells, hormone or glucose injection, pumps, drugs) the questions of glucose metabolism, tolerance and nutrition in fish species. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Ocean Color and Evidence of Chlorophyll Signature in the TOMS Minimum Reflectivity Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Z.; Herman, J. R.; Bhartia, P. K.

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of the TOMS minimum reflectivity data for 380 nm channel (R380) show regions of high reflectivity values (approx. 7 to 8%) over Sargasso Sea in the Northern Atlantic, anti-cyclonic region in the Southern Atlantic, and a large part of the ocean in the Southern Pacific, and low values (5 approx. 6 %) over the rest of the open ocean. Through radiative transfer simulations we show that these features are highly correlated with the distribution of chlorophyll in the ocean. Theoretical minimum reflectivity values derived with the help of CZCS chlorophyll concentration data as input into a vector ocean-atmosphere radiative transfer code developed by Ahmad and Fraser show very good agreement with TOMS minimum reflectivity data for the winter season of year 1980. For the summer season of year 1980, good qualitative agreement is observed in the equatorial and northern hemisphere but not as good in the southern hemisphere. Also, for cloud-free conditions, we find a very strong correlation between R340 minus R380 values and the chlorophyll concentration in the ocean. Results on the possible effects of absorbing and non-absorbing aerosols on the TOMS minimum reflectivity will also be presented. The results also imply that ocean color will affect the aerosol retrieval over oceans unless corrected.

  15. Long-Term Variability of Airborne Asian Dust Observed from TOMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, J. R.; Hsu, N. C.; Seftor, C. J.; Holben, B. N.; Holben, B. N.; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Recent studies suggest that airborne Asian dust may not only play an important role in the regional radiation budget, but also influence the air quality over North America through long-range transport. In this paper, we use satellite data to investigate the long-term variability of airborne Asian dust as well as the daily variation of the dust aerosol distribution. By combining the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) aerosol index with National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) wind data, our analysis shows a strong correlation between the generation of dust storms in the region and the passage of springtime weather fronts. This is consistent with earlier studies performed by other researchers. According to both the Nimbus-7 and Earth-Probe TOMS data the Takla Makan desert, the Gobi desert, and the and region of Inner Mongolia are major sources of the eastward-flowing airborne Asian dust. Heavily populated areas in eastern China (e.g., Beijing) are often on the primary path of the dust storms originating in these desert regions. The increasing desertification north of the Beijing region has served to exacerbate problems stemming from these storms. The time series derived from 20 years of TOMS aerosol index data shows the first significant satellite evidence of the atmospheric effect of increasing desertification, indicating that the amount of dust blown eastward has increased strongly during the past few years including the year 2000.

  16. Performance and Carcass characteristics of broad breasted bronze toms fed radappertized Diet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farag, El-Din.M.H.; Mohamed, F.A.

    1999-01-01

    The effect of irradiated complete diets at dose level of 25 KGy was studied in broad breasted bronze tome evaluating their growing performances as well as characteristics of the carcasses. Two experimental groups received irradiated and non irradiated diets for 18 weeks (from the 5 t h to the 23 r d week of age). Four toms per treatment at the age of 23 weeks were slaughtered and the carcass was dissected. Radappertized diets improved body weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion and reduced mortality rate. No significant differences were observed between toms fed processed and non processed diets on carcasses components, while the gizzard weight was greater for those fed the processed diets. Dressing and drawn weights in toms fed processed diets were 3% higher than in those fed non processed diets. The results suggest that sterilization of turkeys feed may have a beneficial effect on the body weight and deed conversion of turkeys consuming these diets without harmful effect on the bird

  17. Synergic use of TOMS and AERONET observations for characterization of aerosol absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, O.; Sinyuk, A.; Bhartia, P. K.; Dubovik, O.; Holben, B.

    2003-04-01

    The role of aerosol absorption on the radiative transfer balance of the earth-atmosphere system is one of the largest sources of uncertainty in the analysis of global climate change. Global measurements of aerosol single scattering albedo are, therefore, necessary to properly assess the radiative forcing effect of aerosols. Remote sensing of aerosol absorption is currently carried out using both ground (Aerosol Robotic Network) and space (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) based observations. The satellite technique uses measurements of backscattered near ultraviolet radiation. Carbonaceous aerosols, resulting from the combustion of biomass, are one of the most predominant absorbing aerosol types in the atmosphere. In this presentation, TOMS and AERONET retrievals of single scattering albedo of carbonaceous aerosols, are compared for different environmental conditions: agriculture related biomass burning in South America and Africa and peat fires in Eastern Europe. The AERONET and TOMS derived aerosol absorption information are in good quantitative agreement. The most absorbing smoke is detected over the African Savanna. Aerosol absorption over the Brazilian rain forest is less absorbing. Absorption by aerosol particles resulting from peat fires in Eastern Europe is weaker than the absorption measured in Africa and South America. This analysis shows that the near UV satellite method of aerosol absorption characterization has the sensitivity to distinguish different levels of aerosol absorption. The analysis of the combined AERONET-TOMS observations shows a high degree of synergy between satellite and ground based observations.

  18. TOMS/Earth-Probe Ozone (O3) Total Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 50x50 km V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)instruments have been successfully flown in orbit aboard the Nimbus-7(Nov. 1978 - May 1993), Meteor-3 (Aug. 1991 - Dec. 1994),...

  19. Constructing a coherent long-term global total ozone climatology from the BUV, MFR, and SBUV/TOMS data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ellis, J.S.; Luther, F.M.

    1986-02-01

    The backscatter ultraviolet spectrometer (BUV) aboard the NIMBUS 4 satellite provided global ozone data until mid-1977. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) and Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet (SBUV) instrument aboard the NIMBUS 7 satellite began providing global ozone in November 1978. The only satellite derived global total ozone data available between the termination of the BUV data and the startup of the SBUV/TOMS data is that from the Multichannel Filter Radiometer (MFR) instrument aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) series of satellites. The MFR and the SBUV/TOMS data are compared during the data overlap period in order to determine how well the MFR data might be used to represent the SBUV/TOMS and BUV data during the data gap period. 5 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs

  20. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Ozone (O3) Total Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 50x50 km V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)instruments have been successfully flown in orbit aboard the Nimbus-7(Nov. 1978 - May 1993), Meteor-3 (Aug. 1991 - Dec. 1994),...

  1. Effect of phosphate treatments on microbiological, physicochemical changes of spent hen muscle marinated with Tom Yum paste during chilled storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongwiwat, Pirinya; Wattanachant, Saowakon; Siripongvutikorn, Sunisa

    2010-06-01

    This research aimed to study the effect of phosphate on quality of ready-to-cook spent hen muscle marinated with Tom Yum paste, a famous Thai food made from chilli, lime leaves and garcinia (pH 2.5-2.9). The effects of phosphate treatments (phosphate types, soaking time, and phosphate concentration) on physical characteristics of spent hen muscle in high acid condition were investigated. Quality changes of muscles pretreated with or without phosphate and marinated with Tom Yum paste were determined during storage at 4 degrees C for 30 days. The acidified muscle pretreated with 40 g L(-1) sodium tripolyphosphate for 10 h had the highest marinade absorption, and the lowest cooking loss and shear force among all treatment samples. Microstructures of acidified muscle pretreated with and without sodium tripolyphosphate showed significant swelling with larger fibre diameter. Phosphate pretreatment had no influence on cooking loss, shear force and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance values of Tom Yum marinated muscle during storage. Tom Yum marination with phosphate pretreatment caused a higher increase in psychrophilic bacteria compared to that of marinating without phosphate. Phosphate pretreatment could not improve the physical quality of Tom-Yum marinated spent hen muscle and affected the antimicrobial property of Tom-Yum marinade, resulting in a reduction of shelf-life of the marinated muscle from 30 days to 20 days. Copyright (c) 2010 Society of Chemical Industry.

  2. Investigating the genetic basis of theory of mind (ToM): the role of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Haiwei; Wu, Nan; Su, Yanjie

    2012-01-01

    The ability to deduce other persons' mental states and emotions which has been termed 'theory of mind (ToM)' is highly heritable. First molecular genetic studies focused on some dopamine-related genes, while the genetic basis underlying different components of ToM (affective ToM and cognitive ToM) remain unknown. The current study tested 7 candidate polymorphisms (rs4680, rs4633, rs2020917, rs2239393, rs737865, rs174699 and rs59938883) on the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene. We investigated how these polymorphisms relate to different components of ToM. 101 adults participated in our study; all were genetically unrelated, non-clinical and healthy Chinese subjects. Different ToM tasks were applied to detect their theory of mind ability. The results showed that the COMT gene rs2020917 and rs737865 SNPs were associated with cognitive ToM performance, while the COMT gene rs5993883 SNP was related to affective ToM, in which a significant gender-genotype interaction was found (p = 0.039). Our results highlighted the contribution of DA-related COMT gene on ToM performance. Moreover, we found out that the different SNP at the same gene relates to the discriminative aspect of ToM. Our research provides some preliminary evidence to the genetic basis of theory of mind which still awaits further studies.

  3. La Platica de Fray Domingo de Santo Tomás (1560

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La Platica adressée à tous les Indiens et la formule de la Confession Générale sont les deux seuls témoignages du prêche prétridentin en quechua qui survivent jusqu'à nos jours et ceci grâce à leur incorporation comme échantillons de la langue générale dans la grammaire et le Lexicon composés par Domingo de Santo Tomás et publiés à Valladolid en 1560. Dans cet article, nous étudions la variante de la Langue Générale, véhicule de la Platica, et le lexique religieux élaboré par les premiers missionnaires afin d'expliquer la foi chrétienne aux Indiens. La version normalisée du texte quechua est suivie d’une traduction française annotée. Des annexes reproduisent le texte quechua original avec les gloses espagnoles établies par Santo Tomás, le document espagnol qui a servi de modèle à l'élaboration du texte quechua et la transcription de la Confession Générale, sa reformulation en quechua normalisé et sa traduction française. LA PLATICA DE FRAY DOMINGO DE SANTO TOMÁS (1560 La Platica para todos los Indios y la fórmula de la confesión general son los únicos dos testimonios de la prédica pretridentina en quechua que se han conservado hasta el día de hoy y ello debido a su incorporación como muestras de la lengua general en la gramática y lexicón compuestos por Domingo de Santo Tomás y publicados en Valladolid en 1560. En este artículo estudiamos la variante de la lengua general utilizada en la Platica y el léxico religioso elaborado por los primeros misioneros para explicar la fe cristiana a los indios. Una traducción francesa comentada sigue a la versión normalizada del texto quechua. Los anexos reproducen el texto quechua original con las glosas castellanas establecidas por Santo Tomás, el documento en castellano que sirvió de modelo para la elaboración del texto quechua y la transcripción de la confesión general, sa reformulación en quechua normalizado y su traducción al francés. THE PLATICA

  4. Ratio superior, ratio inferior y el agustinismo de Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moya Cañas, Patricia

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Aquinas’ reception of the Augustinian distinction between ratio inferior and superior. Though not a central aspect of Aquinas’ thought, it is a signifi cant pointer to the presence of Augustinian patterns of thought in a non-theological part of his work. After a general survey of the presence of this distinction in the opera omnia of Aquinas, his use of this topic in some specific instances is discussed: the distinction between contemplative and active life, the division of human faculties, and the moral problem of peevish delight.El artículo discute la recepción que hace Tomás de Aquino de la distinción agustiniana entre razón superior e inferior. Si bien no se trata de uno de los tópicos centrales de la doctrina tomasiana, es un elemento significativo a la hora de considerar dentro de la obra de Tomás la presencia de patrones agustinianos de pensamiento que no sean primordialmente teológicos. Tras discutir de modo general la presencia de esta distinción en la obra del aquinate, y los estudios previos sobre este binomio, se procede a discutir su uso por parte de Tomás de Aquino ante tres problemas específicos: la distinción entre géneros de vida, la división de las facultades humanas, y el problema moral de la delectación morosa.

  5. Staging Henry Fielding: The Author-Narrator in Tom Jones On Screen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli Løfaldli

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As recent adaptation theory has shown, classic-novel adaptation typically sets issues connected to authorship and literal and figurative ownership into play. This key feature of such adaptations is also central to the screen versions of Henry Fielding’s Tom Jones (1749. In much of Fielding’s fiction, the narrator, typically understood as an embodiment of Fielding himself, is a particularly prominent presence. The author-narrator in Tom Jones is no exception: not only is his presence strongly felt throughout the novel, but through a variety of means, ‘The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling’ is also distinctly marked as being under his control and ownership. The two adaptations of Fielding’s novel, a 1963 film and a 1997 television series, both retain the figure of the author-narrator, but differ greatly in their handling of this device and its consequent thematic ramifications. Although the 1963 film de-emphasises Henry Fielding’s status as proprietor of the story, the author-narrator as represented in the film’s voiceover commentary is a figure of authority and authorial control. In contrast, the 1997 adaptation emphasises Fielding’s ownership of the narrative and even includes the author-narrator as a character in the series, but this ownership is undermined by the irreverent treatment to which he is consistently subjected. The representations of Henry Fielding in the form of the author-narrator in both adaptations are not only indicative of shifting conceptions of authorship, but also of the important interplay between authorship, ownership and adaptation more generally.

  6. Averroes y Tomás de Aquino sobre el concepto de ciencia natural

    OpenAIRE

    Lértora Mendoza, Celina Ana

    2007-01-01

    Al comienzo del libro I de la Physica, Aristóteles plantea la pregunta por la materia y el sujeto de la ciencia natural. Esta cuestión se refiere al concepto de la ciencia cuya indagación inicia. La ciencia natural (philosophia naturalis) ha sido en lo sucesivo objeto de indagaciones específicas, sobre todo en función del comentario al original aristotélico. Averroes1 dedica al tema un conciso y a la vez comprehensivo Proemio. Tomás de Aquino,2 en cambio, y al contrario de otros casos, omite ...

  7. Reinterpreting funerals and pastoral care: a pastoral theology response to Tom Long's Accompany Them with Singing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Gene

    2012-03-01

    This article addresses Tom Long's (2009) criticism that a traditional pastoral care approach to funerals is responsible for significant distortions in contemporary Christian funeral practices in the United States. The article will show that his criticism should be affirmed but that his solution for a contemporary understanding of pastoral care and funerals is not adequate. A critique and reinterpretation of pastoral care and funerals will show that Long's reform of Christian funerals needs to incorporate a contemporary understanding of caring for the bereaved in funerals.

  8. Tomás Segovia: la palabra como verdad de la experiencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pascual Gay

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tomás Segovia, exiliado a partir de la guerra civil del 39, en lugar de conformarse con esa situación, ha elaborado a lo largo de su trayectoria reflexiones en torno al exilio no como suceso puntual o particular, sino como condición del hombre. Así, el exilio originario revela una serie de actitudes hacia el lenguaje que ya no pueden remitirse a un suceso histórico, sino que más bien revisten la tarea del escritor y del intelectual: resistencia y desnudez del lenguaje en un espacio imaginario igualmente desnudo.

  9. Spatial Politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

    OpenAIRE

    Kazemi, Elham; Hanif, Mohsen

    2017-01-01

     http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p287This article examines the notion of spatial politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. The two courtiers enter the politically convulsive world of Hamlet, where no legitimate power structure takes hold of the state. Their regularized political rationality ceases to apply to the world; reality violates the empirical knowledge — emplacements, geographical and spiritual directions, and generally identity — of Rosencrantz an...

  10. Ejercicios y penitencia en la obra de Tomé de Jesus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Javier Alonso Romo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present essay aims at approaching the classic Trabalhos de Jesus, posthumous work of the Augustinian friar of sixteenth century Tomé de Jesus, through a perspective of exercises of penance, inside the most extended field of the spiritual exercises. Questions are analysed like the methodology, the prayer practices and of spiritual discernment, the dualism between inner penitence and exterior penitences, as well as the advices to break down the temptations, and the uses for the examination of conscience and the confession. The author is placed in relation with other peninsular authors of that time specially saint Ignatius of Loyola.

  11. Empathy, ToM, and self-other differentiation: an fMRI study of internal states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reniers, Renate L E P; Völlm, Birgit A; Elliott, Rebecca; Corcoran, Rhiannon

    2014-02-01

    This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the neural substrates of empathy, Theory of Mind (ToM), and self-other differentiation involved in the adaptive understanding of people's internal states. Three conditions were distinguished in both sad and neutral (no obvious emotion) contexts. The empathy condition involved imagining what another person is feeling while the more cognitively loaded ToM condition involved imagining what would make another person feel better. The self-reference condition required participants to imagine how they would feel in someone else's situation. Areas previously implicated in empathy, ToM, and self-other differentiation were identified within the different conditions, regardless of emotional context. Specifically, the frontal and temporal poles responded more strongly for ToM than for empathy. The self-reference condition was associated with stronger dorsolateral prefrontal response than the empathy condition, while the reverse comparison revealed a stronger role for right frontal pole. Activations in frontal pole and orbitofrontal cortex were shared between the three conditions. Contrasts of parameter estimates demonstrated modulation by emotional context. The findings of common and differential patterns of responding observed in prefrontal and temporal regions suggest that within the social cognition network empathy, ToM and self-other differentiation have distinct roles that are responsive to context.

  12. TOMS/Earth-Probe Total Ozone Aerosol Index UV-Reflectivity UV-B Erythemal Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 daily global gridded data consist of total column ozone, aerosol index, Lambertian effective surface...

  13. Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk en la España de entreguerras = Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the Spanish Interwar Period.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Montilla Amador

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina la huella que dejó Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, el fundador y el político más relevante de la I República checoslovaca (1918-1938, en las publicaciones en lengua española durante la época de entreguerras. Para ello se han analizado tanto los libros como los artículos de prensa dedicados a su figura.A pesar de que solo algunos intelectuales leyeron sus escritos y se preocuparon por dar a conocer su pensamiento, la influencia de Checoslovaquia y su presidente se puede rastrear en algunos personajes destacados que ocuparon puestos de relevancia política durante el primer bienio de la II República española.En el tratamiento en prensa, se han identificado tres etapas que se corresponden con las divisiones clásicas del periodo de entreguerras. En líneas generales, se ha verificado que las mayores simpatías procedieron de los republicano-socialistas y liberales, mientras que los sectores conservadores fueron los más críticos con su labor.AbstractThis article examines the trace left by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the founder and the most important politician during the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938, on the Spanish publications in the interwar period. In order to achieve this goal, both the books and the press articles dedicated to his personality have been analyzed.Although only few intellectuals read his writings and tried to make known his thinking, the influence of Czechoslovakia and its president can be traced in some renowned personalities of the period, who occupied positions of political relevance during the first biennium of the Second Spanish Republic.Three stages have been identified in the press treatment corresponding to the classical divisions of the interwar period. In general, it has been verified that the greatest sympathies came from the republican-socialist and liberal side, while the conservatives sectors were the most critical with his work.

  14. The Effect of New Ozone Cross Sections Applied to SBUV and TOMS Retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPeters, Richard D.; Labow, Gordon J.

    2010-01-01

    The ozone cross sections as measured by Bass and Paur have been used for processing of SBUV and TOMS data since 1986. While these cross sections were a big improvement over those previously available, there were known minor problems with accuracy for wavelengths longward of 330 nm and with the temperature dependance. Today's requirements to separate stratospheric ozone from tropospheric ozone and for the derivation of minor species such as BrO and N02 place stringent new requirements on the accuracy needed. The ozone cross section measurements of Brion, Daumont, and Malicet (BDM) are being considered for use in UV-based ozone retrievals. They have much better resolution, an extended wavelength range, and a more consistent temperature dependance. Tests show that BDM retrievals exhibit lower retrieval residuals in the satellite data; i.e., they explain our measured atmospheric radiances more accurately. Total column ozone retrieved by the TOMS instruments is about 1.5% higher than before. Ozone profiles retrieved from SBUV using the new cross sections are lower in the upper stratosphere and higher in the lower stratosphere and troposphere.

  15. Thermoelectric Oxide Modules (TOMs for the Direct Conversion of Simulated Solar Radiation into Electrical Energy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Tomeš

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The direct conversion of concentrated high temperature solar heat into electrical energy was demonstrated with a series of four–leg thermoelectric oxide modules (TOM. These temperature stable modules were not yet optimized for high efficiency conversion, but served as proof-of-principle for high temperature conversion. They were constructed by connecting two p- (La1.98Sr0.02CuO4 and two n-type (CaMn0.98Nb0.02O3 thermoelements electrically in series and thermally in parallel. The temperature gradient ΔT was applied by a High–Flux Solar Simulator source (HFSS which generates a spectrum similar to solar radiation. The influence of the graphite layer coated on the hot side of the Al2O3 substrate compared to the uncoated surface on ΔT, Pmax and η was studied in detail. The measurements show an almost linear temperature profile along the thermoelectric legs. The maximum output power of 88.8 mW was reached for a TOM with leg length of 5 mm at ΔT = 622 K. The highest conversion efficiency η was found for a heat flux of 4–8 W cm-2 and the dependence of η on the leg length was investigated.

  16. Estimation of surface UV levels based on Meteor-3/TOMS ozone data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borisov, Y.A. [Central Aerological Observatory, Moscow (Russian Federation); Geogdzhaev, I.V. [Moscow Inst. of Physics and Technology, Moscow (Russian Federation); Khattatov, V.U. [Central Aerological Observatory, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1995-12-31

    The major consequence of ozone layer depletion for the environment is an increase of harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the Earth surface and in the upper ocean. This implies the importance of environmental UV monitoring. Since the direct global monitoring is not currently possible, indirect estimations of surface UV levels may be used based on satellite ozone data (Madronich, S. 1992). Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) on board the METEOR-3 satellite provided regular set of data for such estimates. During the time of its operation (August, 1991 - December, 1994) the instrument registered several ozone hole events over Antarctica, when ozone levels dropped by as much as 60 % from their unperturbed values. Probably even more alarming ozone depletions were observed over highly populated regions of middle latitudes of northern hemisphere. Radiative transfer modeling was used to convert METEOR-3/TOMS daily ozone values into regional and global maps of biologically active UV. Calculations demonstrate the effect on surface UV levels produced by ozone hole over Antarctica and ozone depletions over the territory of Russia (March, 1994). UV contour lines deviate from the normal appearance which is determined by growing southward solar elevation. UV contour lines are almost perpendicular to the ozone ones in the ozone depletions areas. The 30 % ozone depletion, over Siberia caused more than 30 % increase in noontime erythemal UV levels, which is equivalent to 10-15 degrees southward latitude displacement. Higher UV radiation increases were found in ozone hole over South America (October 1992) equivalent to about 20 degrees southward displacement

  17. Optimization of factors affecting Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Micro-Tom tomatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, M; Zhang, Y L; Meng, Z J; Jiang, J

    2012-03-16

    Micro-Tom is the smallest known variety of tomatoes. An orthogonal experimental design L(16) (4(5)) was used to optimize Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of cotyledon explants of Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Micro-Tom. Four parameters were investigated to determine their effect on transformation frequency: the concentration of bacterial suspension, time of dip in bacterial suspension, co-cultivation time, and concentration of carbenicillin. We also examined the effect of these parameters on contamination rate, necrosis rate, mortality, cut-surface browning rate, and undamaged explant rate. Both the bacterial and carbenicillin concentrations had a significant influence on the rate of infected explants. The time of co-cultivation also had a significant influence on the transformation parameters. The optimal transformation protocol consisted of an Agrobacterium suspension of 0.5 × 10(8) cells/mL (OD(600) = 0.5) and an infection time of 5 min, one day of co-cultivation and 500 mg/L carbenicillin. Under these conditions, the transformation efficiency of the shoots reached 5.1%; the mean transformation frequency was 3.9% (N = 838).

  18. Secret Guilt of an Artist: The Real Inspector Hound and Tom Stoppard’s Political Voice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Drzakowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tom Stoppard once famously proclaimed his guilt that art is unimportant. The character Moon from Stoppard’s early farce The Real Inspector Hound presents surprising evidence that Stoppard’s view of art in his early years as a playwright may have been more complex than he let on. The circumstances behind Moon’s journey into the very art he criticizes are not unlike Tom Stoppard’s foray into politically conscious drama. Moon desperately wants the thriller he is reviewing to mean more than it really does. His wish becomes a reality when a third party, Puckeridge, forcibly pulls Moon into the fantasy. Like Moon, Stoppard had a fantasy, a dream-world in which art has the power to enact social change. Stoppard was unwilling or unable to act on that desire alone, until his own Puckeridge, an artist and dissident named Victor Fainberg, compelled him to act on his dream and merge art with politics.Keywords: Stoppard, The Real Inspector Hound, Fainberg, art, politics

  19. Plant nutritional status modulates glutamine synthetase levels in ripe tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Micro-Tom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarpeci, Telma E; Marro, Martin L; Bortolotti, Santiago; Boggio, Silvana B; Valle, Estela M

    2007-02-01

    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit ripening implies that chloroplastic proteins are degraded and new proteins are synthesized. Supplementary nutrition is frequently required when tomato plants begin to fruit and continues until the end of the plant's life cycle. Ammonium assimilation is crucial in these fruit maturation and ripening processes. Glutamine synthetase (GS; EC 6.3.1.2), the main ammonium-fixing enzyme in plants, could not be detected in red fruits of several tomato varieties when growing under standard nutrition. In this paper, we analyze the influence of the nutritional status on the ammonium assimilation capacity of ripe tomato (cv. Micro-Tom) fruit. For this purpose, GS expression and protein profiles were followed in mature green and red fruits harvested from plants grown under standard or supplemented nutrition. Under standard nutrient regime (weekly supplied with 0.5 x Hoagland solution) GS activity was found in chloroplasts (GS2) of mature green fruits, but it was not detected either in the chromoplasts or in the cytosol of red fruits. When plants were shifted to a supplemented nutritional regime (daily supplied with 0.5 x Hoagland solution), GS was found in red fruits. Also, cytosolic transcripts (gs1) preferentially accumulated in red fruits under high nutrition. These results indicate that mature green Micro-Tom fruits assimilate ammonia through GS2 under standard nutrition, while ripe red fruits accumulate GS1 under high nutrition, probably in order to assimilate the extra N-compounds made available through supplemented nutrition.

  20. Interrupções incessantes: o dilaceramento da forma em Cent mille milliards de poèmes, de Raymond Queneau, Tom, Tom, the Piper’s son, de Ken Jacobs, e Patterns, de Gerhard Richter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Rodrigues da Costa

    Full Text Available Nosso estudo tem como proposta analisar o informe, anticonceito formulado por Georges Bataille, aplicando-o às obras Cent mille milliards de poèmes, de Raymond Queneau, Tom, Tom, the Piper's son, de Ken Jacobs, e Patterns: divided, mirrored, repeated, de Gerhard Richter. Essas obras se abrem, através de dilaceramentos, para a impossibilidade de lhes fixar limites, uma vez que elas geram excessos de significados, que têm como fundamento a instabilidade da forma.

  1. Polypeptide Translocation Through the Mitochondrial TOM Channel: Temperature-Dependent Rates at the Single-Molecule Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahendran, Kozhinjampara R; Lamichhane, Usha; Romero-Ruiz, Mercedes; Nussberger, Stephan; Winterhalter, Mathias

    2013-01-03

    The TOM protein complex facilitates the transfer of nearly all mitochondrial preproteins across outer mitochondrial membranes. Here we characterized the effect of temperature on facilitated translocation of a mitochondrial presequence peptide pF1β. Ion current fluctuations analysis through single TOM channels revealed thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of substrate binding and allowed determining the energy profile of peptide translocation. The activation energy for the on-rate and off-rate of the presequence peptide into the TOM complex was symmetric with respect to the electric field and estimated to be about 15 and 22 kT per peptide. These values are above that expected for free diffusion of ions in water (6 kT) and reflect the stronger interaction in the channel. Both values are in the range for typical enzyme kinetics and suggest one process without involving large conformational changes within the channel protein.

  2. Technical Note: Adjoint formulation of the TOMCAT atmospheric transport scheme in the Eulerian backtracking framework (RETRO-TOM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, P. E.; Esler, J. G.; Carver, G. D.

    2014-06-01

    A new methodology for the formulation of an adjoint to the transport component of the chemistry transport model TOMCAT is described and implemented in a new model, RETRO-TOM. The Eulerian backtracking method is used, allowing the forward advection scheme (Prather's second-order moments) to be efficiently exploited in the backward adjoint calculations. Prather's scheme is shown to be time symmetric, suggesting the possibility of high accuracy. To attain this accuracy, however, it is necessary to make a careful treatment of the "density inconsistency" problem inherent to offline transport models. The results are verified using a series of test experiments. These demonstrate the high accuracy of RETRO-TOM when compared with direct forward sensitivity calculations, at least for problems in which flux limiters in the advection scheme are not required. RETRO-TOM therefore combines the flexibility and stability of a "finite difference of adjoint" formulation with the accuracy of an "adjoint of finite difference" formulation.

  3. Necessidade e possibilidade da prova da existência de Deus na filosofia de Tomás de Aquino

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Crivorncica

    2009-01-01

    A questão da existência de Deus acompanha o desenvolvimento intelectual de Tomás de Aquino e tem papel central em sua Suma de Teologia, na qual o filósofo desenvolve sua resposta através das conhecidas cinco vias para a prova da existência de Deus. O objetivo desta dissertação é percorrer o caminho traçado por Tomás de Aquino para chegar às cinco vias, mostrando a necessidade e a possibilidade da prova da existência de Deus como sujeito da Doutrina Sagrada. The question of the e...

  4. Constructing Unfinalizability: A Subject Positioning Analysis of a Couple's Therapy Session Hosted by Tom Andersen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilfoyle, Michael

    2018-03-08

    The notion of subject positions is a useful tool in thinking through therapeutic interactions. In this article, I discuss positioning as an everyday phenomenon, and highlight the relational and social power dynamics that shape the subject positions persons may inhabit. Analysis is presented of the positional dynamics that play out in the couple's therapy session facilitated by Tom Andersen. Analysis suggests that Andersen adopts a not-knowing, uncertain, and curious position, while constructing the couple as competent, unfinalizable persons able to negotiate the choice-points that arise in front of them. However, if subject positions are grounded in social power dynamics, the session leaves a particular question unanswered: How will these emergent positions take hold outside of the consulting room? © 2018 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.

  5. Issuing and Responding to Unusual Questions: A Conversation Analytic Account of Tom Andersen's Therapeutic Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smoliak, Olga; Le Couteur, Amanda; Quinn-Nilas, Christopher

    2018-03-08

    Tom Andersen is considered one of the key contributors to the development of postmodern practice. Little is known, however, about the ways in which his ideas and practices are routinely carried out in situ. We used Conversation Analysis (CA) to investigate a session of couple therapy facilitated by Andersen. We show how Andersen and client participants oriented to and addressed problems of understanding that occurred between them. The source of this trouble was Andersen's use of unusual question formulations. We offer preliminary evidence that such unusual formulations served particular interactional and institutional (i.e., therapeutic) functions in their local contexts of use. We conclude by considering some implications of this analysis-and of conversation analytic inquiry more generally-for the practice of family therapy. © 2018 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.

  6. Spatial Politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Kazemi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p287 This article examines the notion of spatial politics in Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. The two courtiers enter the politically convulsive world of Hamlet, where no legitimate power structure takes hold of the state. Their regularized political rationality ceases to apply to the world; reality violates the empirical knowledge — emplacements, geographical and spiritual directions, and generally identity — of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. The previously defined functions of places, or heterotopias (in Foucauldian terms, are in a state of abeyance. Therefore, they are lost in the midst of the unknown sets of spatial relations; any sorts of intentional act evade them; and they die and vanish absurdly in a placeless place.

  7. Instituciones microfinancieras y cajas de ahorro en Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan, Puebla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiano Raccanello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La exigua presencia de los intermediarios financieros formales en los municipios rurales mexicanos impulsa el uso de tandas y solicitud de dinero a prestamistas, familiares o amigos. Las cajas de ahorro constituyen una alternativa a estos métodos tradicionales y aprovechan el capital social comunitario. Esta investigación, fundamentado en una muestra realizada en el municipio de Santo Tomás Hueyotlipan (Puebla, México, analiza los factores que impulsan la participación en las cajas de ahorro informales y su interacción con otros intermediarios financieros informales. Los resultados del modelo probit indican que la participación responde a la posibilidad de poder ahorrar atrayendo a aquellos individuos que no utilizan tandas, prestamistas o deudas con familiares o amigos.

  8. A highly efficient transformation protocol for Micro-Tom, a model cultivar for tomato functional genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hyeon-Jin; Uchii, Sayaka; Watanabe, Shin; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2006-03-01

    We report a highly efficient protocol for the Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of a miniature dwarf tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), Micro-Tom, a model cultivar for tomato functional genomics. Cotyledon explants of tomato inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Rhizobium radiobacter) C58C1Rif(R) harboring the binary vector pIG121Hm generated a mass of chimeric non-transgenic and transgenic adventitious buds. Repeated shoot elongation from the mass of adventitious buds on selection media resulted in the production of multiple transgenic plants that originated from independent transformation events. The transformation efficiency exceeded 40% of the explants. This protocol could become a powerful tool for functional genomics in tomato.

  9. Reuniones, dispersiones. Notas sobre ideas literarias de Tomás Segovia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pascual Gay

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo quiere dar cuenta de diferentes ideas expuestas por Tomás Segovia a lo largo de su oficio de escritor en ensayos, cuadernos de notas y entrevistas. Segovia no desarrolló un pensamiento unitario y sistemático, sino que, más bien, desarrolla esas ideas en diferentes contextos, textos y pretextos, pero esas ideas acaban por volver siem - pre a un ideario que otorga una cohesión insospechada en su obra. Además, muchas veces, sin decirlo, deja entrever la tradición literaria y cultural a la que se adscribe y que permea su obra entera.

  10. Construction and modelling of a thermoelectric oxide module (TOM) as a demonstrator - Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomes, P.; Weidenkaff, A.

    2010-08-15

    The project aims at the development of better thermoelectric materials for the direct conversion of solar heat into electricity. The maximum output power P{sub max} and the efficiency {eta} of the conversion was measured on a series of four-leg thermoelectric oxide modules (TOM). The modules were constructed by combining two p-type (La{sub 1.98}Sr{sub 0.02}CuO{sub 4}) and two n-type (CaMn{sub 0.98}Nb{sub 0.02}O{sub 3}) thermoelements connected electrically in series and thermally in parallel. The temperature gradient {Delta}T was provided by a High-Flux Solar Simulator source (HFSS) which generates a spectrum similar to solar radiation. This project was intended to be a feasibility study for the utilization of high temperature solar heat, which could not previously be demonstrated due to the low temperature stability of conventional materials. The direct conversion was proven by this study. The measurements show an almost linear temperature profile along the thermoelectric legs. However, the maximum output power resulted in 88.8 mW for a TOM with a leg length of 5 mm at {Delta}T = 622 K and has yet to be optimized by improving the converter design and the applied materials. The highest conversion efficiency {eta} was found for a heat flux of 4 to 8 W cm{sup -2}. The dependence of {eta} on the leg length was studied as well as the influence of a graphite coating on the hot Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface on {Delta}T, P{sub max} and {eta}. (authors)

  11. TOMATOMA Update: Phenotypic and Metabolite Information in the Micro-Tom Mutant Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikata, Masahito; Hoshikawa, Ken; Ariizumi, Tohru; Fukuda, Naoya; Yamazaki, Yukiko; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    TOMATOMA (http://tomatoma.nbrp.jp/) is a tomato mutant database providing visible phenotypic data of tomato mutant lines generated by ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) treatment or γ-ray irradiation in the genetic background of Micro-Tom, a small and rapidly growing variety. To increase mutation efficiency further, mutagenized M3 seeds were subjected to a second round of EMS treatment; M3M1 populations were generated. These plants were self-pollinated, and 4,952 lines of M3M2 mutagenized seeds were generated. We checked for visible phenotypes in the M3M2 plants, and 618 mutant lines with 1,194 phenotypic categories were identified. In addition to the phenotypic information, we investigated Brix values and carotenoid contents in the fruits of individual mutants. Of 466 samples from 171 mutant lines, Brix values and carotenoid contents were between 3.2% and 11.6% and 6.9 and 37.3 µg g(-1) FW, respectively. This metabolite information concerning the mutant fruits would be useful in breeding programs as well as for the elucidation of metabolic regulation. Researchers are able to browse and search this phenotypic and metabolite information and order seeds of individual mutants via TOMATOMA. Our new Micro-Tom double-mutagenized populations and the metabolic information could provide a valuable genetic toolkit to accelerate tomato research and potential breeding programs. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. Modeling the Effects of Connecting Side Channels to the Long Tom River, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleby, C.; McDowell, P. F.

    2015-12-01

    The lower Long Tom River is a heavily managed, highly modified stream in the southwestern Willamette Valley with many opportunities for habitat improvements and river restoration. In the 1940s and 1950s, the US Army Corps of Engineers dramatically altered this river system by constructing the Fern Ridge Dam and three, large drop structures, converting the River from a highly sinuous channel to a straight, channelized stream that is interrupted by these grade control structures, and removed the majority of the riparian vegetation. As a result, juvenile spring Chinook salmon are no longer found in the Watershed and the local population of coastal cutthroat trout face limited aquatic habitat. When the river was channelized, long sections of the historical channel were left abandoned on the floodplain. Reconnecting these historical channels as side channels may improve the quality and quantity of aquatic habitat and could allow fish passage around current barriers. However, such construction may also lead to undesirable threats to infrastructure and farmland. This study uses multiple HEC-RAS models to determine the impact of reconnecting two historical channels to the lower Long Tom River by quantifying the change in area of flood inundation and identifying infrastructure in jeapordy given current and post-restoration conditions for 1.5, 5, 10, and 25-year flood discharges. Bathymetric data from ADCP and RTK-GPS surveys has been combined with LiDAR-derived topographic data to create continuous elevation models. Several types of side channel connections are modeled in order to determine which type of connection will result in both the greatest quantity of accessible habitat and the fewest threats to public and private property. In the future, this study will also consider the change in the quantity of physical salmonid habitat and map the areas prone to sedimentation and erosion using CEASAR and PHABSIM tools.

  13. Fray Tomás de Torquemada, iconógrafo y promotor de las artes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caballero Escamilla, Sonia

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study the author analyses the Inquisitor Torquemada’s role in two Dominican foundations: the monasteries of Santo Tomás in Ávila and Santa Cruz in Segovia. The historical context in which they emerged and their association with inquisitorial activities converted them into ideal supports for a message designed by this Dominican friar for the purpose of conveying the prestige of the Order and the involvement of the Monarchy in the struggle against heretics. He used the arts to convey a propagandistic message, adapting older iconographic formulas to his current needs, aimed at promoting the expulsion of the Jews.

    En este trabajo se analiza la ascendencia del inquisidor Torquemada sobre dos fundaciones, el convento de Santo Tomás de Ávila y el de Santa Cruz de Segovia. El contexto histórico en el que surgen y su vinculación con la actividad inquisitorial las convierte en soportes de un mensaje hábilmente diseñado por el fraile dominico en el que pone de manifiesto el prestigio de la Orden de Santo Domingo y la implicación de la Monarquía en la lucha antiherética. Aprovechando la eficacia propagandística del lenguaje plástico, no dudará en acudir a fórmulas iconográficas del pasado adaptándolas a su momento presente, creando el caldo de cultivo necesario para lograr su objetivo, la expulsión de los judíos.

  14. Profiles in Online Learning: A Series on Leadership--Tom Layton: Judo and the Art of Technology Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielson, Larry

    1998-01-01

    Profiles a high school technology teacher and creator of CyberSchool, a distance learning program of the Eugene (Oregon) School District. Discusses Tom Layton's education, early work experience, establishment of a high school English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program, integration of computers into the classroom, reputation as a technology leader,…

  15. Factorial structure of the 'ToM Storybooks': A test evaluating multiple components of Theory of Mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulgarelli, Daniela; Testa, Silvia; Molina, Paola

    2015-06-01

    This study examined the factorial structure of the Theory of Mind (ToM) Storybooks, a comprehensive 93-item instrument tapping the five components in Wellman's model of ToM (emotion recognition, understanding of desire and beliefs, ability to distinguish between physical and mental entities, and awareness of the link between perception and knowledge). A sample of 681 three- to eight-year-old Italian children was divided into three age groups to assess whether factorial structure varied across different age ranges. Partial credit model analysis was applied to the data, leading to the empirical identification of 23 composite variables aggregating the ToM Storybooks items. Confirmatory factor analysis was then conducted on the composite variables, providing support for the theoretical model. There were partial differences in the specific composite variables making up the dimensions for each of the three age groups. A single test evaluating distinct dimensions of ToM is a valuable resource for clinical practice which may be used to define differential profiles for specific populations. © 2014 The British Psychological Society.

  16. Water quality study at the Congaree Swamp National monument of Myers Creek, Reeves Creek and Toms Creek. Technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rikard, M.

    1991-11-01

    The Congaree Swamp National Monument is one of the last significant near virgin tracts of bottom land hardwood forests in the Southeast United States. The study documents a water quality monitoring program on Myers Creek, Reeves Creek and Toms Creek. Basic water quality parameters were analyzed. High levels of aluminum and iron were found, and recommendations were made for further monitoring

  17. From the External to the Internal: Behavior Clarifications Facilitate Theory of Mind (ToM) Development in Chinese Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanchun; Wang, Yijie; Luo, Rufan; Su, Yanjie

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated how Chinese children develop theory of mind (ToM) in a language environment with limited mental state talk that is rich in behavior discourse. In Study 1, 60 mothers shared a wordless storybook with their 3-4-year-olds. The children completed two false-belief tasks and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised at…

  18. Flood Plain Information, Toms River, Union Branch Ridgeway Branch, and Long Swamp Creek, Ocean County, New Jersey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-06-01

    Station lie between these branches. The undeveloped flood plains of Toms River and its tributaries have limited agricultural use, but blueberries and...March 6, a violent storm - perhaps coast were not spared completely from the the worst within memory - smashed the New storm ravages. Snow clogged county

  19. Mida teeb sinu organisatsioon, et olla keskkonnasõbralik? / Liis Elmi, Monika Kuzmina, Kairit Kolskar, Kristina Toms...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: BEST-Esonia juhatuse liige Liisi Elmi, Rahvaliidu Noored juhatuse esimees Monika Kuzmina, Noored Sotsiaaldemokraadid president Kairit Kolskar, AIESEC president Kristina Toms, Eesti Psühholoogiaüliõpilaste Ühenduse juhatuse liige Andres Vegel

  20. Limited Evaluation of Image Quality Produced by a Portable Head CT Scanner (CereTom) in a Neurosurgery Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Ariz Chong; Adnan, Johari Siregar; Rahman, Noor Azman A.; Palur, Ravikant

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Computed tomography (CT) is the preferred diagnostic toolkit for head and brain imaging of head injury. A recent development is the invention of a portable CT scanner that can be beneficial from a clinical point of view. Aim To compare the quality of CT brain images produced by a fixed CT scanner and a portable CT scanner (CereTom). Methods This work was a single-centre retrospective study of CT brain images from 112 neurosurgical patients. Hounsfield units (HUs) of the images from CereTom were measured for air, water and bone. Three assessors independently evaluated the images from the fixed CT scanner and CereTom. Streak artefacts, visualisation of lesions and grey–white matter differentiation were evaluated at three different levels (centrum semiovale, basal ganglia and middle cerebellar peduncles). Each evaluation was scored 1 (poor), 2 (average) or 3 (good) and summed up to form an ordinal reading of 3 to 9. Results HUs for air, water and bone from CereTom were within the recommended value by the American College of Radiology (ACR). Streak artefact evaluation scores for the fixed CT scanner was 8.54 versus 7.46 (Z = −5.67) for CereTom at the centrum semiovale, 8.38 (SD = 1.12) versus 7.32 (SD = 1.63) at the basal ganglia and 8.21 (SD = 1.30) versus 6.97 (SD = 2.77) at the middle cerebellar peduncles. Grey–white matter differentiation showed scores of 8.27 (SD = 1.04) versus 7.21 (SD = 1.41) at the centrum semiovale, 8.26 (SD = 1.07) versus 7.00 (SD = 1.47) at the basal ganglia and 8.38 (SD = 1.11) versus 6.74 (SD = 1.55) at the middle cerebellar peduncles. Visualisation of lesions showed scores of 8.86 versus 8.21 (Z = −4.24) at the centrum semiovale, 8.93 versus 8.18 (Z = −5.32) at the basal ganglia and 8.79 versus 8.06 (Z = −4.93) at the middle cerebellar peduncles. All results were significant with P-value < 0.01. Conclusions Results of the study showed a significant difference in image quality produced by the fixed CT scanner and

  1. [Human intestinal parasites in Subsaharan Africa. II. Sao Tomé and Principe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pampiglione, S; Visconti, S; Pezzino, G

    1987-04-01

    In 1983 the authors carried out a survey in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe, analysing 1050 specimens of stools collected among the population from apparently healthy subjects chosen at random and in a number proportional to the distribution of the population in the regions of the country (about 1% of the population was examined). The examined subjects were divided into 3 age groups (0-3, 4-12, more than 12 years old), to have homogeneous groups in relation principally to modalities of life and nutritional patterns. There were 488 male subjects and 562 females. The survey was preceded by a sensitization of the people to the problem of intestinal parasites and by two preliminary surveys about the number of existing latrines and about people's believes and attitudes in relation to helmintiasis. The tests were made according to the modified Ritchie technique on fecal specimens preserved with 10% formol solution. The following results were found: a) Protozoa: Entamoeba coli, 43.0%; Iodamoeba buetschlii, 9.0%; Giardia intestinalis, 8.8%; Endolimax nana, 7.0%; E. histolytica, 5.5%; E. hartmanni, 2.5%; Chilomastix mesnili, 2.3%; Trichomonas intestinalis, 0.2%; Balantidium coli, 0.1%. b) Helminths: Trichuris trichiura, 87.7%; Ascaris lumbricoides, 64.3%; Ancylostomatidae, 40.5%; Strongyloides stercoralis, 6.8%; Hymenolepis diminuta, 0.3%; H. nana, 0.2%; Schistosoma haematobium, 0.2%. In 28.2% of the specimens (with more than 50% of subjects in some villages) eggs of Heterophyidae were found, very similar to Metagonimus yokogawai, but not yet identified by us, with the following characteristics: elliptical shape, average size 25 mu (22.2-27.7) X 18.5 mu (17-21), thick wall, operculum difficult to see, not sticking out from the outline but visible by focusing being in a different refractiveness, presence of a small polar knob, colour slightly brownish, asymmetric miracidium. Further investigations are necessary to identify the species of this trematode and

  2. Test-retest reliability and validity of the Sniffin' TOM odor memory test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croy, Ilona; Zehner, Cora; Larsson, Maria; Zucco, Gesualdo M; Hummel, Thomas

    2015-03-01

    Few attempts have been made to develop an olfactory test that captures episodic retention of olfactory information. Assessment of episodic odor memory is of particular interest in aging and in the cognitively impaired as both episodic memory deficits and olfactory loss have been targeted as reliable hallmarks of cognitive decline and impending dementia. Here, 96 healthy participants (18-92 years) and an additional 19 older people with mild cognitive impairment were tested (73-82 years). Participants were presented with 8 common odors with intentional encoding instructions that were followed by a yes-no recognition test. After recognition completion, participants were asked to identify all odors by means of free or cued identification. A retest of the odor memory test (Sniffin' TOM = test of odor memory) took place 17 days later. The results revealed satisfactory test-retest reliability (0.70) of odor recognition memory. Both recognition and identification performance were negatively affected by age and more pronounced among the cognitively impaired. In conclusion, the present work presents a reliable, valid, and simple test of episodic odor recognition memory that may be used in clinical groups where both episodic memory deficits and olfactory loss are prevalent preclinically such as Alzheimer's disease. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. La libertad humana como valor primordial en Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich Lorenz

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Me he propuesto en este artículo acercarme a la relación que existe en Tomás de Aquino entre el concepto de persona, libertad y felicidad, teniendo presente que, en este autor, aquel que es llamado a pensar su felicidad y sus deseos, no es el hombre en abstracto, como se tiende a pensar, sino este hombre (hoc aliquid de frente y en relación a la naturaleza de la cual forma parte, frente a otros hombres con quienes convive, y frente al fin último que lo ayuda a orientarseIn this article, the author attempts to disclose the relationship between the concepts of person, liberty and happiness in Thomas Aquinas thought. To do so, the author emphasizes the point that in Aquinas' work Man is not an abstraction, as it is usually thought, but a real Man who is called to think of his happiness and desires. This man (hoc aliquid is the one who faces and relates to nature, of which he is part of, the one who faces other men he lives with, and the one who faces the ultimate end, which helps him find his orientation

  4. Some assembly required: Contributions of Tom Stevens' lab to the V-ATPase field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Laurie A; Finnigan, Gregory C; Kane, Patricia M

    2018-02-23

    Tom Stevens' lab has explored the subunit composition and assembly of the yeast V-ATPase for more than 30 years. Early studies helped establish yeast as the predominant model system for study of V-ATPase proton pumps and led to the discovery of protein splicing of the V-ATPase catalytic subunit. The Vma - phenotype, characteristic of loss-of-V-ATPase activity in yeast was key in determining the enzyme's subunit composition via yeast genetics. V-ATPase subunit composition proved to be highly conserved among eukaryotes. Genetic screens for new vma mutants led to identification of a set of dedicated V-ATPase assembly factors and helped unravel the complex pathways for V-ATPase assembly. In later years, exploration of the evolutionary history of several V-ATPase subunits provided new information about the enzyme's structure and function. This review highlights V-ATPase work in the Stevens' lab between 1987 and 2017. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. NIETZSCHEAN READING OF TOM MURPHY’S PLAY: “THE SANCTUARY LAMP” AND OVERCOMING NIHILISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VICTORIA BILGE YILMAZ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is an analysis of a play by Tom Murphy, “The Sanctuary Lamp”, against the background of Nietzschean philosophical concept of overcoming nihilism as well as an attempt at discovering the parallelisms between Murphy’s characters in their search for the essence of existence and their desire for a meaningful life and Nietzschean philosophy. In the play, self-realisation of an individual, that is, overcoming nihilism, is mainly achieved by means of one’s individual strength, which is characterised by the ability to combine destruction and creation, employ one’s will to power, create new values, affirm life as it is, forget and forgive one’s enemies, and employ art in life. The playwright conveys an individual’s loss of purpose and the inevitable chaos in the aftermath of the death of God and the methods to surmount this nihilistic condition. The study comes to the conclusion that all the above Nietzschean elements build a solid background for Murphy’s drama, where the dramatist draws a picture of systematicity of existence of an individual who struggles to attain meaning.

  6. India and England in the Mirror. A Post-imperial Portrait of Tom Stoppard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Esposito

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused on a sophisticated radio play by Tom Stoppard, In the Native State (1991, in which the dramatist approaches the problems linked to the ethics of the British Empire in dealing with Indian culture in both the colonial and post-colonial periods. To do this, the play confronts and complexly interlaces two different sets, India in the Thirties and London in 1990, as if they were two worlds reflecting themselves in a time mirror. The issues dealt with, such as the centuries-old westernization of the Indian minds and culture on one side, and the Indianization of British language and customs on the other, are subtlety treated in art terms, as the reciprocal relationship between the two worlds conflates in the hybrid style of the portraits executed by the hand of an Indian painter who, notwithstanding, or thanks to, his mimic identity (in Homi Bhabha’s terms, becomes the mouthpiece of a fundamental ‘change of perspective’, from the Eurocentric representation of the Orient (in Edward Said’s terms to the re-appropriation of a different point of view translating the achievement of the Nationalist movement that led India to independence in the Forties.

  7. Tom McCarthy, Karl Marx, and the Money on the Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Huber

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available By way of contrast to recent work on the problematic of representation of capital and its prioritized aesthetic mode, visuality, this article addresses the problematic of mediation in financialized capitalism through an attention to the relationship between writing and contemporary money forms. To elaborate this problematic, mediation is deployed methodologically as well: selections from two bodies of work concerned with capitalist monetary phenomena—those of Karl Marx and the novelist Tom McCarthy—are analyzed in parallel. McCarthy’s 'oeuvre' is presented as preoccupied with monetary-inscriptive techniques and pockmarked by Marxian concepts and concerns. It is argued that 'Remainder', specifically, can be read as theorizing the relationship between money and writing under early 21st-century regimes of finance capital through its elaboration of retail loyalty accounts and the multivalent concept of ‘remainder’ or ‘surplus’. The article reads this theorization against neglected sections of Marx’s second volume of 'Capital' in which money is enigmatically treated from the perspective of bookkeeping.

  8. Sostenibilidad urbana. Tomé: Una propuesta para evaluar los planes reguladores chilenos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Rojas Quezada

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo valora la sostenibilidad en la planificación urbana por medio del diseño de un sistema de indicadores, que surgen de la identificación de los atributos del Planeamiento Urbano Sostenible. Los indicadores se ensayan en el modelo de ocupación del suelo propuesto y establecido en el instrumento de planificación territorial denominado "Plan Regulador Comunal". El estudio se aplica en la localidad de Tomé, ubicada en la VIII Región del Bio Bío de Chile. La obtención de los indicadores de sostenibilidad urbana se desarrolla a partir del uso de las herramientas de Sistemas de Información Geográfica ó SIG. El planeamiento urbano propuesto se evalúa con un sistema de indicadores basados en 3 componentes territoriales que se procesan en la zonficación del suelo urbano propuesto y que son, la distribución de usos y estructura fisica, el consumo de Suelo y la calidad ambiental. El método combina el analisis bibliográfico, con la aplicación de análisis espacial y geoprocesamiento en SIG. Los resultados se aproximan a valorar la sostenibilidad del modelo territorial propuesto.

  9. Tomás de Aquino: filosofia e pedagogia = Thomas Aquinas:philosophy and pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Jean Lauand

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a conexão ente filosofia e educação em Tomás de Aquino. Em sua antropologia filosófica, destacam-se três aspectos de grande atualidade para a educação hoje: a valorização da matéria no ser do homem, a primazia da virtude da prudência entre as virtudes cardeais e a philosophia negativa (e theologia negativa. A intrínseca união entre espírito e matéria, anima forma corporis tem também importantes consequências pedagógicas, tanto para a educação intelectual quanto para a moral. E está na base de seu De prudentia, que pressupõe também sua perspectiva negativa.This article discusses the connection between philosophy and education in Thomas Aquinas. In his Philosophical Anthropology there are three aspects very important for education today: the affirmation of matter as an essential in human being, the primacy of prudentia over the cardinal virtues and his philosophia negativa (and theologia negativa. The intrinsec union spirit-matter, anima forma corporis has important pedagogical consequences, both in intellectual and in moral education. And it is the basis for his Treatise On Prudence, which presupposes his negative perspective too.

  10. Intercomparison of preliminary MFR, SBUV, TOMS, and TOVS total ozone data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luther, F.M.

    1992-01-01

    The High Altitude Pollution Program of the Federal Aviation Administration is sponsoring a comparative study of total ozone data derived from various satellite instruments. The instruments included in the study are the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Multichannel Filter Radiometer (MFR), the NASA Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Ozone Experiment (SBUV), the NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), and the NOAA Tiros Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS). The two periods chosen for data intercomparison are January 1 - February 15, 1979 and June 1-30, 1979. These two data periods cover summer and winter regimes in both hemispheres. The January 1 - February 15, 1979 period includes a significant stratospheric warming event that began about January 15. Each of the satellite instruments has its own strengths and weaknesses. No instrument is universally better than or worse than any other in terms of accuracy, although they appear to have definite biases in certain geographical areas. The differences between the satellite systems is greatest at high latitudes where cloudiness and ozone variabilities are greatest. The Dobson data show a bias and differing degrees of ozone variability between nearby Dobson stations, which indicates there may be problems with using the Dobson data as a standard for comparison. The data used in this comparative study are preliminary in nature

  11. Averroes y Tomás de Aquino sobre el concepto de ciencia natural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lértora Mendoza, Celina Ana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Al comienzo del libro I de la Physica, Aristóteles plantea la pregunta por la materia y el sujeto de la ciencia natural. Esta cuestión se refiere al concepto de la ciencia cuya indagación inicia. La ciencia natural (philosophia naturalis ha sido en lo sucesivo objeto de indagaciones específicas, sobre todo en función del comentario al original aristotélico. Averroes1 dedica al tema un conciso y a la vez comprehensivo Proemio. Tomás de Aquino,2 en cambio, y al contrario de otros casos, omite un proemio metodológico, si bien el tema en sí se desarrolla al hilo del comentario del texto del Libro I. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las aproximaciones y las diferencias entre la lección I del Comentario al Libro I del Aquinate (donde trata el método de la philosophia naturalis y la exégesis de Averroes en su Proemio y la Summa Prima, a fin de establecer las relaciones entre ambos

  12. Polo gastronómico Tomás Jofré

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina G. Schlüter

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo gastronómico está adquiriendo cada vez mayor importancia en el mundo, independientemente de si se trata de un país desarrollado o no. En Argentina este tipo de turismo cuenta con una larga tradición, en particular referida al enoturismo que se refleja en la Fiesta Nacional de la Vendimia que se lleva a cabo desde 1936 en la provincia de Mendoza. Hacia fines del siglo XX un plan nacional de turismo hace referencias explícitas a las rutas alimentarias y a partir de allí, desde el sector privado, surgen iniciativas para desarrollar destinos en función de su gastronomía. Una de estas iniciativas se relaciona con la transformación de un pequeño pueblo en un polo gastronómico de gran atracción. En este artículo se presentan los resultados de un estudio que se hizo en el mismo para determinar el perfil de los visitantes y las motivaciones que tienen las personas para desplazarse hacia Tomás Jofré los días domingos.

  13. Língua Gestual de São Tomé e Príncipe : retrato dos primeiros gestos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Mineiro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to portray the genesis of São Tomé and Príncipe Sign Language. At the request of the Government of São Tomé and Principe (Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, Cell Special Education, the Portuguese Catholic University together with the Marquês of Valle Flôr Institute and Hospital CUF Infante Santo collaborated on a common project: to implement a Sign Language for the deaf Santomean. This project, funded by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, was given the name of Without Barriers. The paper is structured in two parts: the first part, which describes, in summary, the main lines of action of the project, the participants enrolled in the project and the methodology used and the second part that analyzes the emergence of the first signs, using sometimes, comparison with other emerging languages.

  14. Gastronomía y turismo en Argentina. Polo gastronómico Tomás Jofré

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schlüter, Regina G.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Culinary Tourism in Argentina. The Case of Tomás Jofré. The importance of culinary tourism is growing steadily both in developing and industrialized societies. Argentina has a long tradition regarding this kind of tourism, mainly wine tourism, reflected in the National Wine Festival held since 1936 en the province of Mendoza. By the end of the 20th century culinary tourism was brought into the national tourism plan and it was the start for the private sector to develop own initiatives in order to develop small towns into culinary attractions for visitors. This article presents the results of a study undertaken in order to get acquainted with the visitor profile and motivations for visitors to Tomás Jofré during Sun-days.

  15. El diccionari valencià-castellà inèdit de Tomàs Font i Piris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Picazo i Jover

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The unpublished Diccionari valencià-castellà by Tomàs Font i Piris is one of the most interesting works of lexicography produced during the 19th century, not only because of its richness (it compiles more than 10.000 entries, but also due to the fact that the words listed offer a rich and representative sample of the Catalan vocabulary used in this linguistic area.

  16. Race Matters… Still. Rezension zu Tom Angotti und Sylvia Morse (Hg. (2016: Zoned Out! Race, Displacement, and City Planning in New York City. New York City: Terreform.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuca Meubrink

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In ihrem Sammelband Zoned Out! identifizieren Tom Angotti und Sylvia Morse zoning als eines der Planungsinstrumente, welches die historischen Muster ethnischer Diskriminierung und Segregation in New York bis heute immer wieder reproduziert hat. [...

  17. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Ozone Aerosol Index UV-Reflectivity UV-B Erythemal Irradiances Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 Daily Gridded Data consist of daily, global coverage of total column ozone, aerosol index, Lambertian effective...

  18. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  19. OMI/Aura TOMS-Like Ozone and Radiative Cloud Fraction Daily L3 Global 0.25x0.25 deg V003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Version-003 of Level-3 Aura/OMI daily global TOMS-Like Total Column Ozone gridded product (OMTO3e) is generated by the NASA OMI science team by picking the best...

  20. TOMS Meteor-3 Total Ozone UV-Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg V008 (TOMSM3L3) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Metero-3 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 Daily Gridded Data consist of daily, global coverage of total column ozone and UV-B Lambertian...

  1. TOMS/Meteor-3 Total Ozone UV-Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Metero-3 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 Daily Gridded Data consist of daily, global coverage of total column ozone and UV-B Lambertian...

  2. TOMS Nimbus-7 Ozone (O3) Total Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 50 km x 50 km V008 (TOMSN7L2) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)instruments have been successfully flown in orbit aboard the Nimbus-7(Nov. 1978 - May 1993), Meteor-3 (Aug. 1991 - Dec. 1994),...

  3. THIR/Nimbus-7 Level 1 Cloud Data for SBUV/TOMS V001 (THIRN7L1BCLT) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — THIRN7L1BCLT is the Nimbus-7 Temperature-Humidity Infrared Radiometer (THIR) Level 1 Cloud Data for SBUV/TOMS (BCLT) product and contains total cloud amounts;...

  4. OMI/Aura TOMS-Like Ozone, Aerosol Index, Cloud Radiance Fraction Daily L3 Global 1.0x1.0 deg V003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Level-3 Aura/OMI daily global TOMS-Like Total Column Ozone gridded product (OMTO3d) is generated by the NASA OMI science team by gridding and averaging only good...

  5. Metabolite profile of the tomato dwarf cultivar Micro-Tom and comparative response to saline and nutritional stresses with regard to a commercial cultivar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Pilar; Hernández, Virginia; Hellín, Pilar; Fenoll, Jose; Cava, Juana; Mestre, Teresa; Martínez, Vicente

    2016-03-30

    The dwarf tomato variety Micro-Tom has been used as a plant model for studies of plant development. However, its response to environmental and agricultural factors has not been well studied. This work studies the phytochemical content of Micro-Tom tomato and its comparative response to saline and nutritional (N, K and Ca) stresses with regard to a commercial variety. The chromatographic profiles of Micro-Tom were similar to those of the commercial variety and the only differences appear to be the concentration of the components. In Micro-Tom, the concentrations of sugars and organic acids increased by salinity in a lesser extent than in Optima. Moreover, contrary to that observed in the commercial variety, phenolic compounds and vitamin C did not increase by salinity in the dwarf variety. However, both varieties increased similarly the concentrations of carotenoids under saline conditions. Finally, fruit yield and most primary and secondary metabolite concentrations in Micro-Tom were not affected by N, K or Ca limitation. The mutations leading to the dwarf phenotype did not greatly alter the metabolite profiles but studies using Micro-Tom as a plant model should consider the lower capacity for sugars and organic acids under saline conditions and the greater tolerance to nutrient limitation of the dwarf variety. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry.

  6. The Former Miss Barstow with every Tom, Dick and Harry in a doll's house

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Newton

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Julie Holledge, panel chairperson and member of the International Ibsen Committee, invited myself along with 3 others to participate in the Inaugural Artists’ Keynote Panel: Applied Ibsen on Four Continents: The Artists’ Intentions. My presentation focused on “The Former Miss Barstow with every Tom, Dick and Harry in a doll’s house.” This was an adaptation of Ibsen’s “A Doll’s House” produced and staged in Los Angeles, California, 1987.  For the XIIIth International Ibsen Conference at the University of Tromsø, Norway, I projected images; a few found on the internet, and many from the production itself, as well as a video clip shown streaming live from YouTube. The article describes the social context of the 80s, analyzes the reinterpretation of Ibsen’s characters, and sets out to explain the symbology of the sets and costumes. I also touch on the differences between this production and Ibsen’s original in four important aspects. These would be the macaroons, the Tarantella, the silk stockings and the end of the play. Finally, I explain my decision to upload this version of “A Doll’s House,’ scene by scene, to my page on YouTube. Having shown films and videos for many years at festivals around the globe, I was looking for a way to step outside that box and reach an international audience just beyond my keyboard. In all of these ways, the goal has been to illuminate the ways in which an artist takes Ibsen’s text and applies it to the specific social context of their time and culture.

  7. Ecologization of water-land property matters on the territory of the Tom lower course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popov, V. K.; Kozina, M. V.; Levak, Yu Yu; Shvagrukova, E. V.

    2016-03-01

    In the present paper the water-land property complex is considered as a strategic resource of the city development. The formulated question is expounded through the example of water-land property complex usage on the territory of the Tom lower course for land-use planning and developing the systems of water recourses management and land tenure. Consequences of liquid radioactive waste (LRW) landfilling are investigated in terms of arable farming. Also, forming a water budget of the soils spread on the area of the Tomsk underground water supply cone of depression and its role in the development of agricultural industry are studied. The main aspect of the analysis is the incorporation of social, economic, and ecological requirements for the system of life-supporting branches of municipal economy and social services. As far as the system of land tax payments plays an important role in land property complex management, the common issues and tendencies are specified in the paper. These problems are concerned with the inadequate incorporation of an ecological constituent in the methods of cadastral valuation of lands, as well as the situation of the narrow area of its results usage in the Russian Federation. Natural factors (hydrological, territorial, geological (geomorphologic) territory conditions) are combined by the authors into a special group. These factors should be reflected in the results of cadastral valuation. Also, in order to protect the interests of water consumers, it is offered to establish the Water Consumers Association based on the international experience of such countries as Spain and Uzbekistan.

  8. Teenage pregnancy - a study in São Tomé and Príncipe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Fábia; Medeiros, Inês de; Faria, Catarina; Cotu, Djamilla; Will, Endza Paula; Neves, Edgar; Pontes, Teresa

    2017-08-22

    Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support. Results The mean age of the 51 pregnant teenagers included was 16.37 ± 0.8 years. Eight girls reported that they had planned to fall pregnant. Teenagers whose pregnancy was unplanned usually present with a previous family history of adolescent pregnancy. About 59% of girls engaged in sexual activity before 16 years of age with a mean number of sexual partners of 1.84 ± 0.88. In this study, 51% of the girls do not use any contraceptive method, usually because their partner refuses to do so. The preferred contraceptive method are condoms. Information on contraception is given mainly at school. Pregnant girls' first medical consultation was at a mean gestational age of 6 weeks. Abortion was considered by 51% of girls after pregnancy was confirmed. Conclusion Teenage pregnancy imposes health problems for the mother and child and contributes to educational and socioeconomic disadvantages. The collaboration of healthcare providers, teachers and parents is needed to enhance sexual health education. This is the first study in STP on teenage pregnancy; although the sample is small, the authors believe that the results are representative of the general population.

  9. Ten years experience in the management of borderline ovarian tumors at Tom Baker Cancer Centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anfinan, Nisrin; Sait, Khalid; Ghatage, Prafull; Nation, Jill; Chu, Pam

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes of patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) at Tom Baker Cancer Centre (TBCC) and to assess the value of surgical staging. This retrospective study included 138 patients treated for BOTs at TBCC between January 1994 and December 2005. Patients were divided into two groups: group I with complete surgical staging (n = 89) and group II with incomplete surgical staging (n = 49). This population-based study identified patients using the Alberta Cancer Registry. Charts were reviewed by a single person. Data extracted included demographic information and prognostic factors such as age, histological type, laterality of the cyst, presence of microinvasion, and the type of surgical procedure. Data were extracted and entered into a study database for analysis. Overall survival and overall recurrence-free survival of both groups were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Risk factors for recurrence were analyzed using Cox regression analysis. A total of 138 patients were enrolled, with a mean age of 46 years. The median follow-up time was 37 months. The most common histological type of BOT was the serous type found in 70 (50.7%) patients. Microinvasion was identified in four (2.9%) patients. Twelve patients were found to have implants as result of the staging procedure; two of them were invasive implants and both required chemotherapy. Forty-three (31%) patients had conservative surgery and 95 (68.8%) patients had non-conservative surgery. Nine (6.5%) patients experienced recurrence: five (5.6%) patients in group I versus four (8.2%) patients in group II. The presence of microinvasion is the risk factor for recurrence (P = 0.013). The indications for restaging surgery remain controversial, as there was no difference in recurrence rates observed between the study groups. However, surgical staging is important for identifying invasive extraovarian implants that need to be treated with chemotherapy. For patients

  10. Physico-chemical and sensory characterization of fruit jams of S. Tomé and Príncipe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Ramalhosa

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: São Tomé and Príncipe has a wide variety of fruit trees, being most of the fruits consumed in fresh. In certain periods of the year, fruits are available at significant amounts; however, it is not common to use the surplus of those fruits. Thus, this excess may be used in the preparation of other fruit based products (ex. jams, in order to increase product diversity and allow the annual consumption of these seasonal fruits. Objetives: Valorise fruits’ production in S. Tomé and Príncipe. Methods: Preparation of jams of banana, ambarella, guava (dark and light and papaya, with two levels of sugar, and perform their physico-chemical characterization (color, pH, moisture and acidity. Furthermore, sensory analysis was also done, through preference and acceptability tests. Results: The jams prepared had different colours, acidity values, and moisture and ash contents, demonstrating the possibility of producing different products by changing the formulation. Regarding jams preference, 60% of the consumers preferred the less sweet in the case of banana and guava (light, whereas, over 67% of the panellists preferred the sweetest ambarella jam. Concerning dark guava and papaya, the percentages were similar for both sugar contents. For all attributes analysed (appearance, colour, taste, acidity, sweetness and global evaluation, most of the panellists liked slightly all jams. Conclusion: Jams production in S. Tomé and Príncipe may be a promising activity.

  11. Strong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effect

    KAUST Repository

    Efimov, D K

    2016-05-18

    We consider Penning ionization of Rydberg atom pairs as an Auger-type process induced by the dipole-dipole interaction and employ semiclassical formulae for dipole transitions to calculate the autoionization width as a function of the principal quantum numbers, n d, n i, of both atoms. While for symmetric atom pairs with the well-known increase of the autoionization width with increasing n 0 is obtained, the result for asymmetric pairs is counterintuitive - for a fixed n i of the ionizing atom of the pair, the autoionization width strongly increases with decreasing n d of the de-excited atom. For H Rydberg atoms this increase reaches two orders of magnitude at the maximum of the n d dependence, and the same type of counterintuitive behavior is exhibited also by Na, Rb and Cs atoms. This is a purely quantum-mechanical effect, which points towards existence of optimal (we call them \\'Tom\\' and \\'Jerry\\' for \\'big\\' and \\'small\\') pairs of Rydberg atoms with respect to autoionization efficiency. Building on the model of population redistribution in cold Rydberg gases proposed in [1], we demonstrate that population evolution following the initial laser excitation of Rydberg atoms in state n 0 would eventually lead to the formation of such Tom-Jerry pairs with which feature autoionization widths that are enhanced by several orders of magnitude compared to that of two atoms in the initial laser-excited state n 0. We also show that in the high-density regime of cold Rydberg gas experiments the ionization rate of Tom-Jerry pairs can be substantially larger than the blackbody radiation-induced photoionization rate. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  12. Semen quality and interval to sterility in tom cats treated with a 9.4 mg deslorelin implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romagnoli, Stefano; Baldan, Anna; Righetti, Camilla; Milani, Chiara; Mollo, Antonio; Stelletta, Calogero

    2017-02-01

    Objectives Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists like deslorelin are being increasingly used in tom cats for their efficacy in controlling reproductive behaviour and fertility. Deslorelin implants have been widely available in Europe since 2008. Little, if anything, is known about the interval between treatment and onset of sterility, as well as semen quality, after treatment in tom cats. The purpose of this study was to investigate semen quality and interval to sterility in tom cats treated with a 9.4 mg deslorelin implant. Methods Fifteen healthy adult tom cats were treated with a 9.4 mg deslorelin implant (Suprelorin 12). For each cat, semen collection and a GnRH stimulation test (intramuscular administration of 50 μg gonadorelin [Fertagyl], followed by blood sampling 1 h later, to assay serum testosterone) were performed on the first consultation and then repeated every 15 days until complete sterility was achieved. Semen collection was performed by introducing a 14 cm, open-end feline catheter (Argyle) 9 cm into the distal urethra 10 mins after sedation by intramuscular injection of 100 μg/kg medetomidine (Domitor). Results Semen collection was not successful in all cats at each attempt. In the first month after treatment, the semen of only four cats could be evaluated, while the semen of eight cats could be evaluated during the second and third months of the study. Semen quality (ejaculate volume, progressive motility and morphological abnormalities) improved slightly during the first 19-25 days in 2/4 cats, and in 1/4 cats motility was still very high (80%) 25 days post-treatment (PT), but we have no data regarding fertility prior to treatment in this cat. The last cat never produced spermatozoa. Subsequently, semen quality gradually worsened in all cats from 30 days onwards. At 70 days PT, one cat was still potentially fertile. After 72 days all cats were sterile. Conclusions and relevance Semen quality increased slightly in treated cats during

  13. Las enfermedades mentales según Tomás de Aquino : sobre las enfermedades (mentales) en sentido estricto

    OpenAIRE

    Echavarría, Martín

    2009-01-01

    Continuando un artículo anterior en el que se definió el concepto de enfermedad, en orden al esclarecimiento del de enfermedad mental, en el presente estudio se desarrolla el tema de aquellas que pueden ser llamadas enfermedades en el estricto sentido del término. En un primer parágrafo, se mencionan los trastornos que son mencionados por Santo Tomás, y se los explica colocándolos en el contexto de la medicina medieval, con particular referencia al Canon de Medicina de Avicena. En un segundo ...

  14. Las enfermedades mentales según Tomás de Aquino : sobre el concepto de enfermedad

    OpenAIRE

    Echavarría, Martín

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo es la primera parte de un estudio sobre las enfermedades mentales según santo Tomás. Aquí se exponen los temas de las fuentes médico-biológicas del Aquinate (fundamentalmente Aristóteles, Galeno, Nemesio y Avicena), la naturaleza de la enfermedad, su relación con las pasiones del alma y algunas consecuencias que se siguen para el tema de la enfermedad mental. En un artículo posterior se entrará en el detalle de las categorías psicopatológicas que aparecen en las obras del Aquina...

  15. Cruzando fronteras nacionales: hacia una cartografía del ensayismo de Tomás Segovia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houvenaghel, E.M.H.

    2014-01-01

    El poeta y ensayista hispanomexicano Tomás Segovia (Valencia 1927 – México 2011) vivió entre diferentes mundos: es de origen español y se exilió primero a Francia y después a a México, país en el que residió durante más de cuatro décadas, antes de regresar a Francia y España en 1985. Con el fin de

  16. Recuperación del borde costero, la transformación de una ciudad. Tomé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Moraga Mansoulet

    2007-11-01

    Desde la visión de una ciudad industrial y textil; declarada en 1958, Puerto Mayor, para el comercio e intercambio con el extranjero, a la decadencia de este mismo puerto, producto de la llegada de ferrocarriles, y el cambio paulatino de rol de la ciudad, es que actualmente Tomé se puede definir como una ciudad en proceso de transformación y transición, dejando atrás su histórico pasado, para transformarse en una ciudad enfocada principalmente al desarrollo de turismo, como objetivo principal, de acuerdo a las necesidades de los tiempos que hoy transcurren.

  17. Effects of cold exposure on physiology, meat quality, and behavior of turkey hens and toms crated at transport density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrikson, Z A; Vermette, C J; Schwean-Lardner, K; Crowe, T G

    2018-02-01

    The impact of cold exposure while crated at a density characteristic of transport (83 kg/m2) was assessed in 12-wk-old turkey hens and 16-wk-old toms. Turkeys (72 toms, 72 hens) were randomly divided into 3 male and 3 female groups: 2 moderate 20°C groups with either 30% or 80% RH and a cold group exposed to -18°C, with uncontrolled, high RH. Groups of 8 birds (one replicate unit) were observed in a climate-controlled chamber for 8 h prior to slaughter. Core body temperature (CBT), live shrink, heterophil-lymphocyte ratio (HLR), and change in blood glucose levels were assessed; meat quality measures included thigh and breast muscle pH and L*, a*, and b* color values. Significance was declared at P ≤ 0.05. Live shrink in hens exposed to -18°C (2.8%) was greater (P = 0.001) than those in the 20°C treatments (1.5%). CBT in hens had a tendency to decrease (P = 0.070); no differences in Δ blood glucose or HLR were detected. Thigh pH was higher in the -18°C treatment (hens: 6.39; toms: 6.08) than in both 20°C groups. Color values (L*, a*, and b*) were measured 27 h postmortem. In the -18°C exposed hens, breast L* values were lower, and thigh a* and breast b* values were higher than in both 20°C treatments. No differences were detected in live shrink, CBT, HLR, or color values among toms. Behavior differences were noted between treatments; more time was spent huddling, shivering, preening, and with feathers ptiloerected in cold-exposed turkeys. Generally, cold exposure resulted in higher live shrink, darker meat with greater redness, and a tendency for CBT and blood glucose to decrease, with larger male turkeys experiencing fewer changes. © 2017 Poultry Science Association Inc.

  18. O cinema popular e dialético de Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Ayres Furtado

    2007-01-01

    Este estudo pretende analisar e discutir criticamente os principais filmes de longa-metragem do cineasta cubano Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, tendo como ponto principal a reflexão sobre a função social do cinema. O conceito de Cinema Popular, apresentado pelo cineasta, destaca o papel do cinema como entretenimento e espetáculo artístico, mas também o define como meio capaz de promover reflexões nos espectadores e ações transformadoras sobre a realidade. This study intends to examine and discuss cr...

  19. Transperance Me I Want to be Visible: Gay Gaze in Tom Ford’s film A Single Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selen Gokcem

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Classic gaze theory that was underlined by Laura Mulvey in 1975 which claims the male gaze objectifies woman and turns the woman into a sex object, is lack in the explaining gaze from man to man. In Tom Ford’s A Single Man the gaze is used from man to man different from man to woman and it is not perceived as something negative. By providing a queer gaze analysis, this article will show how homosexual people live their intimate feelings by gaze and how gay gaze can be different from the classic gaze in a way that it does not reduces the other one in an interior position.

  20. Cross-sex hormone use, functional health and mental well-being among transgender men (Toms) and Transgender Women (Kathoeys) in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gooren, Louis J; Sungkaew, Tanapong; Giltay, Erik J; Guadamuz, Thomas E

    2015-01-01

    There exists limited understanding of cross-sex hormone use and mental well-being among transgender women and, particularly, among transgender men. Moreover, most studies of transgender people have taken place in the Global North and often in the context of HIV. This exploratory study compared 60 transgender men (toms) with 60 transgender women (kathoeys) regarding their use of cross-sex hormones, mental well-being and acceptance by their family. Participants also completed a dispositional optimism scale (the Life Orientation Test Revised), the Social Functioning Questionnaire and the Short Form Health Survey 36 assessing their profile of functional health and mental well-being. Cross-sex hormones were used by 35% of toms and 73% of kathoeys and were largely unsupervised by health-related personnel. There were no differences in functional health and mental well-being among toms and kathoeys. However, toms currently using cross-sex hormones scored on average poorer on bodily pain and mental health, compared to non-users. Furthermore, compared to non-users, cross-sex hormone users were about eight times and five times more likely to be associated with poor parental acceptance among toms and kathoeys, respectively. This study was the first to compare cross-sex hormone use, functional health and mental well-being among transgender women and transgender men in Southeast Asia.

  1. TOMS Earth-Probe Total Ozone (O3) Aerosol Index UV-Reflectivity UV-B Erythemal Irradiances Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg V008 (TOMSEPL3) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 daily global gridded data consist of total column ozone, aerosol index, Lambertian effective surface...

  2. Rapid phenotyping of the tomato fruit model, Micro-Tom, with a portable VIS-NIR spectrometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecarnot, Martin; Bączyk, Paulina; Tessarotto, Lydie; Chervin, Christian

    2013-09-01

    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) quality traits such as juice soluble solid content (Brix), juice pH, color parameters (Hue and Chroma), firmness and water content, are critical factors for fruit quality assessment. The need for screening very large numbers of fruit has led to the development of a high-throughput method using visible-near infrared (VIS-NIR) spectrometry. We are reporting here a set of results obtained with a portable spectrometer using the 350-2500 nm range, showing good prediction of the quality traits cited above, over a wide range of developmental stages from immature green to ripe tomato fruit, cv. Micro-Tom. This is a rather good set of quality traits compared to previous publications predicting tomato quality with VIS-NIR spectrometry, and the prediction is robust, as it was obtained by grouping sets of different operators. This would be a useful tool to phenotype hundreds of Micro-Tom per day, making it possible to follow the dynamics of the described parameters on growing fruits. Thus the method can be used to study the biochemistry and physiology of fruit development in planta. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Availability of Micro-Tom mutant library combined with TILLING in molecular breeding of tomato fruit shelf-life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okabe, Yoshihiro; Asamizu, Erika; Ariizumi, Tohru; Shirasawa, Kenta; Tabata, Satoshi; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2012-06-01

    Novel mutant alleles of an ethylene receptor Solanum lycopersicum ETHYLENE RESPONSE1 (SlETR1) gene, Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2, were isolated from the Micro-Tom mutant library by TILLING in our previous study. They displayed different levels of impaired fruit ripening phenotype, suggesting that these alleles could be a valuable breeding material for improving shelf life of tomato fruit. To conduct practical use of the Sletr1 alleles in tomato breeding, genetic complementation analysis by transformation of genes carrying each allele is required. In this study, we generated and characterized transgenic lines over-expressing Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2. All transgenic lines displayed ethylene insensitive phenotype and ripening inhibition, indicating that Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2 associate with the ethylene insensitive phenotype. The level of ethylene sensitivity in the seedling was different between Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2 transgenic lines, whereas no apparent difference was observed in fruit ripening phenotype. These results suggested that it is difficult to fine-tune the extent of ripening by transgenic approach even if the weaker allele (Sletr1-2) was used. Our present and previous studies indicate that the Micro-Tom mutant library combined with TILLING could be an efficient tool for exploring genetic variations of important agronomic traits in tomato breeding.

  4. Availability of Micro-Tom mutant library combined with TILLING in molecular breeding of tomato fruit shelf-life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okabe, Yoshihiro; Asamizu, Erika; Ariizumi, Tohru; Shirasawa, Kenta; Tabata, Satoshi; Ezura, Hiroshi

    2012-01-01

    Novel mutant alleles of an ethylene receptor Solanum lycopersicum ETHYLENE RESPONSE1 (SlETR1) gene, Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2, were isolated from the Micro-Tom mutant library by TILLING in our previous study. They displayed different levels of impaired fruit ripening phenotype, suggesting that these alleles could be a valuable breeding material for improving shelf life of tomato fruit. To conduct practical use of the Sletr1 alleles in tomato breeding, genetic complementation analysis by transformation of genes carrying each allele is required. In this study, we generated and characterized transgenic lines over-expressing Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2. All transgenic lines displayed ethylene insensitive phenotype and ripening inhibition, indicating that Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2 associate with the ethylene insensitive phenotype. The level of ethylene sensitivity in the seedling was different between Sletr1-1 and Sletr1-2 transgenic lines, whereas no apparent difference was observed in fruit ripening phenotype. These results suggested that it is difficult to fine-tune the extent of ripening by transgenic approach even if the weaker allele (Sletr1-2) was used. Our present and previous studies indicate that the Micro-Tom mutant library combined with TILLING could be an efficient tool for exploring genetic variations of important agronomic traits in tomato breeding. PMID:23136532

  5. Prevalência de enteroparasitas na população urbana de São Tomé, RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Moreira Campos

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam resultados da prevalência de enteroparasitoses na população urbana do município de São Tomé, Rio Grande do Norte, obtidos no período de 9 a 27 de julho de 1969, empregando o método de Hoffman, Pons e Janer, através de exames realizados em 550 amostras de fezes e registrando-se 495 positivadas para as diversas parasitoses intestinais, correpondendo a uma prevalência de 90%, relacionada com fatores do meio ambiente. As prevalências foram as seguintes: E. histolytica, 39,2%; E. coli, 59,8%; G. lamblia, 12,9%; A. lumbricoides, 23,8%; T. trichiurus 9,2%; Ancylostomydae, 7,8%; H. nana, 1,2%; E. vermicularis, 2,9%.A study of the prevalence of intestinal parasites on the population of São Tomé, RN - Brazil, is presented. Passed stool was examined by using Hoffman, Pons and Janer method. The prevalence of intestinal parasites is related to some environmental features. Simple random sampling technique wasapplied. Among 550 examined persons, 495 were infected by intestinal parasites (90%. The prevalence of the various parasites was: E. histolytica, 39,2%; E. coli, 59,8%; G. lamblia, 12,9%; A. lumbricoides, 23,8%; T. trichiurus, 9,2%; Ancylostomydae, 7,8%; H. nana, 12%; E. vermiculares, 2,9%.

  6. Density conversion factor determined using a cone-beam computed tomography unit NewTom QR-DVT 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagravère, M O; Fang, Y; Carey, J; Toogood, R W; Packota, G V; Major, P W

    2006-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine a conversion coefficient for Hounsfield Units (HU) to material density (g cm(-3)) obtained from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT-NewTom QR-DVT 9000) data. Six cylindrical models of materials with different densities were made and scanned using the NewTom QR-DVT 9000 Volume Scanner. The raw data were converted into DICOM format and analysed using Merge eFilm and AMIRA to determine the HU of different areas of the models. There was no significant difference (P = 0.846) between the HU given by each piece of software. A linear regression was performed using the density, rho (g cm(-3)), as the dependent variable in terms of the HU (H). The regression equation obtained was rho = 0.002H-0.381 with an R2 value of 0.986. The standard error of the estimation is 27.104 HU in the case of the Hounsfield Units and 0.064 g cm(-3) in the case of density. CBCT provides an effective option for determination of material density expressed as Hounsfield Units.

  7. Orfandad, exilio y utopía en el pensamiento literario de Tomás Segovia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pascual Gay

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto pretende una aproximación al desarrollo de ciertas ideas centrales presentes en la obra de Tomás Segovia: exilio, orfandad y utopía. En el caso del exilio se hablará del que se corresponde con una noción más bien abstracta antes que la histórica concreta; el estado de orfandad como un exilio radical conculcado por el reconocimiento, y la utopía como un lugar posible de ser vivido desde el respeto por el otro, por el mero hecho de ser hombre. This text aims to an approach to the development of certain central ideas present in the work of Tomás Segovia: exile, orphanhood, and utopia. In the case of the exile will discuss which corresponds to a rather abstract notion rather than the historic concrete; the State of orphanhood as a radical exile violated by the recognition, and utopia as a possible place of living out of respect on the other, by the mere fact of being a man.

  8. Caryl Churchill'in Sirke Tom (1977) Oyununda 'Cadı' İmgesine Feminist Yaklaşım

    OpenAIRE

    Sayın, Gülşen

    2011-01-01

    Bu makalede. İkinci Dalga Feminist akımın en önemli sosyalist feminist İngiliz yazarlarından Caryl Churchill'in Sirke Tom (Vinegar Tom) adlı oyunu 'cadılık' bağlamında ele alınır, önce 'cadı' kavramı ve bu kavramı tamamlayan bileşenler oyunun geçtiği on yedinci yüzyıl tarihsel bağlamında irdelendikten sonra son dönem Anglo-Sakson ve oransız feminist yazar ve kuramcılar tarafından 'cadı' imgesinin metaforik kullanımına değinilir. Bir başka deyişle, cadı imgesinin kadınının kimlik oluşturma sür...

  9. Effects of packaging materials on the aroma stability of Thai 'tom yam' seasoning powder as determined by descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leelaphiwat, Pattarin; Harte, Janice B; Auras, Rafael A; Ong, Peter Kc; Chonhenchob, Vanee

    2017-04-01

    Changes in the aroma characteristics of Thai 'tom yam' seasoning powder, containing lemongrass, galangal and kaffir lime leaf, as affected by different packaging materials were assessed using quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The descriptive aroma attributes for lemongrass, galangal and kaffir lime leaf powders were developed by the QDA panel. The mixed herb and spice seasoning powder was kept in glass jars closed with different packaging materials (Nylon 6, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polylactic acid (PLA)) stored at 38 °C (accelerated storage condition), and evaluated by the trained QDA panel during storage for 49 days. The descriptive words for Thai 'tom yam' seasoning powder developed by the trained panelists were lemongrass, vinegary and leafy for lemongrass, galangal and kaffir lime leaf dried powder, respectively. The aroma intensities significantly (P ≤ 0.05) decreased with increased storage time. However, the intensity scores for aroma attributes were not significantly (P > 0.05) different among the packaging materials studied. The major components in Thai 'tom yam' seasoning powder, quantified by GC-MS, were estragole, bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane, β-bisabolene, benzoic acid and 2-ethylhexyl salicylate. The concentrations of major aroma compounds significantly (P ≤ 0.05) decreased with storage time. Aroma stability of Thai 'tom yam' powder can be determined by descriptive sensory evaluation and GC-MS analysis. Nylon, PET and PLA exhibited similar aroma barrier properties against key aroma compounds in Thai 'tom yam'. This information can be used for prediction of aroma loss through packaging materials during storage of Thai 'tom yam'. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  10. Can REDD+ help the conservation of restricted-range island species? Insights from the endemism hotspot of São Tomé

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Lima, Ricardo Faustino; Olmos, Fábio; Dallimer, Martin

    2013-01-01

    , using São Tomé Island (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) as a case study. We quantified the abundance of bird and tree species, and calculated the aboveground carbon stocks across a gradient of land-use intensity. We found a strong spatial congruence between carbon and the presence...... values according to the OSIRIS database. These results show weaknesses of OSIRIS as a planning tool, and demonstrate that the benefits that REDD+ might bring for biodiversity are strongly dependent on its careful implementation. We recommend that payment for ecosystem services programmes such as REDD...

  11. TOMS Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSN7L3dery) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. Four TOMS...

  12. Tomás Romay Chacón y Carlos J. Finlay Barres hitos de pensamiento cubano en salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Macías Llanes

    Full Text Available El objetivo del texto radica en resaltar algunos elementos de pensamiento en salud de los notables médicos cubanos Tomás Romay y Carlos J. Finlay. Se analizan sus posturas y connotación acerca del nexo entre la ciencia y la sociedad. El método investigativo utilizado ha sido la revisión documental en publicaciones periódicas, libros y repositorio de tesis. Destaca en este acercamiento la conmemoración en agosto del centenario de la muerte de Finlay (La Habana, 20 de agosto de 1915. Por lo cual este sucinto trabajo constituye un homenaje a su obra y, a su vez, al ideario de vanguardia manifiesto en la labor médica de ambos hombres de ciencia.

  13. Prevalência de enteroparasitas na população urbana de São Tomé, RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Moreira Campos

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam resultados da prevalência de enteroparasitoses na população urbana do município de São Tomé, Rio Grande do Norte, obtidos no período de 9 a 27 de julho de 1969, empregando o método de Hoffman, Pons e Janer, através de exames realizados em 550 amostras de fezes e registrando-se 495 positivadas para as diversas parasitoses intestinais, correpondendo a uma prevalência de 90%, relacionada com fatores do meio ambiente. As prevalências foram as seguintes: E. histolytica, 39,2%; E. coli, 59,8%; G. lamblia, 12,9%; A. lumbricoides, 23,8%; T. trichiurus 9,2%; Ancylostomydae, 7,8%; H. nana, 1,2%; E. vermicularis, 2,9%.

  14. The amyloid beta-peptide is imported into mitochondria via the TOM import machinery and localized to mitochondrial cristae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansson Petersen, Camilla A; Alikhani, Nyosha; Behbahani, Homira

    2008-01-01

    by immunoelectron microscopy in human cortical brain biopsies obtained from living subjects with normal pressure hydrocephalus. Thus, we present a unique import mechanism for Abeta in mitochondria and demonstrate both in vitro and in vivo that Abeta is located to the mitochondrial cristae. Importantly, we also show...... to investigate the mechanisms for mitochondrial Abeta uptake. Our results from rat mitochondria show that Abeta is transported into mitochondria via the translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) machinery. The import was insensitive to valinomycin, indicating that it is independent of the mitochondrial membrane...... potential. Subfractionation studies following the import experiments revealed Abeta association with the inner membrane fraction, and immunoelectron microscopy after import showed localization of Abeta to mitochondrial cristae. A similar distribution pattern of Abeta in mitochondria was shown...

  15. Black Humour Spaces in Cinema and Literature: Yorgos Lanthimos' The Lobster and Tom McCarthy's Satin Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Maggitti

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Maggitti’s essay is focused on two different expressions of black humour in today’s film and literature. After commenting on a recent proposal, by the British writer Jonathan Coe, on the whereabouts of contemporary humour, the author examines a film  (The Lobster by YorgosLanthimos and a novel (Satin Island by T. McCarthy, both portraying the present world through humorous lenses, with a disrespectful attitude to an ecologically correct behaviour. In The Lobster hunting is claimed a universal role in man to animal relation whereas Tom McCarthy turns environmental disasters into acts of worthy ecologism. In his approach to humour, Maggitti draws on its anthropological turn as its most estranging function.

  16. Validation of the thermal code of RadTherm-IR, IR-Workbench, and F-TOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwenger, Frédéric; Grossmann, Peter; Malaplate, Alain

    2009-05-01

    System assessment by image simulation requires synthetic scenarios that can be viewed by the device to be simulated. In addition to physical modeling of the camera, a reliable modeling of scene elements is necessary. Software products for modeling of target data in the IR should be capable of (i) predicting surface temperatures of scene elements over a long period of time and (ii) computing sensor views of the scenario. For such applications, FGAN-FOM acquired the software products RadTherm-IR (ThermoAnalytics Inc., Calumet, USA; IR-Workbench (OKTAL-SE, Toulouse, France). Inspection of the accuracy of simulation results by validation is necessary before using these products for applications. In the first step of validation, the performance of both "thermal solvers" was determined through comparison of the computed diurnal surface temperatures of a simple object with the corresponding values from measurements. CUBI is a rather simple geometric object with well known material parameters which makes it suitable for testing and validating object models in IR. It was used in this study as a test body. Comparison of calculated and measured surface temperature values will be presented, together with the results from the FGAN-FOM thermal object code F-TOM. In the second validation step, radiances of the simulated sensor views computed by RadTherm-IR and IR-Workbench will be compared with radiances retrieved from the recorded sensor images taken by the sensor that was simulated. Strengths and weaknesses of the models RadTherm-IR, IR-Workbench and F-TOM will be discussed.

  17. Wild meat consumption on São Tomé Island, West Africa: implications for conservation and local livelihoods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Carvalho

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The importance of wild meats for rural people is well documented in tropical forests worldwide. However, the case of oceanic islands remains relatively poorly studied. We assess the contribution made by wild meats to the diets of rural inhabitants in the Island of São Tomé, characterize the relative importance of native and introduced fauna, and discuss the implications of wild meat consumption on rural livelihoods and on the conservation of the resident fauna. Using semistructured interviews, we assessed animal protein consumption in 10 communities (716 household-weeks, around the vicinity of the island's main protected area, Obô Natural Park. Fish and the introduced West African giant snail (Archachatina marginata are the most important sources of protein for rural inhabitants, with wild terrestrial vertebrates being consumed by only a small fraction of sampled households. Significantly higher amounts of wild snail and wild mammal meat are consumed in more remote areas with poorer families depending more on snails, and richer households on fruit bats or introduced mammals. Although eaten in relatively small numbers per household, consumption of wild birds is widespread, thus when extrapolated to the island's entire rural population, this practice is likely to be unsustainable, particularly for endemic pigeons that are also commercially hunted. Our results suggest that rural populations in São Tomé largely depend on protein from introduced wild species, with native and endemic fauna constituting less important sources. However, endemic birds and native fruit bats are extensively harvested for household consumption and constitute a commonly used resource that urgently needs to be regulated.

  18. Growth analysis partitioning of assimilate in tomato plants cv. Micro-Tom submitted to nitrogen and pyraclostrobin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Garbin Martinazzo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed at comparing the growth and partitioning of assimilate in tomato plants cv. Micro-Tom subjected to nitrogen and pyraclostrobin. This substance favors the development of chloroplasts and the synthesis of chlorophyll. Tomato plants were submitted to the treatments: T1, complete nutrient solution without pyraclostrobin, T2, complete nutrient solution + pyraclostrobin, T3, ½ strength nutrient solution without N pyraclostrobin and T4, ½ strength nutrient solution N + pyraclostrobin. Plants were collected at regular intervals of seven days after transplantation throughout the crop cycle, with dry mass and leaf area being determined. From the primary data, growth analysis was carried out to calculate total dry matter (Wt, the instantaneous rates of dry matter production (Ct, relative growth (Rw e net assimilation (Ea, leaf area (Af, production rates (Ca and relative growth of leaf area index (Ra and leaf weight (Fw specific leaf area (Sa the dry matter partitioning between organs and number (Nfr and fresh fruit weight (Wfr. Plants of T1 showed higher Wt, Ct and Wfr compared to those of other treatments. However, the T2 plants exhibited similar Nfr to T1 plants, being superior to others. Also allocated on the total dry matter and at the end of the cycle, a higher percentage of dry matter in the seafood compared to T3 and T4 plants. Also they allocated relative to the total dry matter and at the end of the cycle, a higher percentage in fruits of plants to T3 and T4. The association between nitrogen and pyraclostrobin changes the growth and assimilated partition on tomato plants cv. Micro – Tom, and those submitted to ½ dose of nitrogen have a higher total dry matter and less final percentage of total dry matter in fruits , comparatively to those submitted to the association ½ dose of nitrogen and pyraclostrobin.

  19. Evaluation of four Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains for the genetic transformation of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cultivar Micro-Tom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chetty, V J; Ceballos, N; Garcia, D; Narváez-Vásquez, J; Lopez, W; Orozco-Cárdenas, M L

    2013-02-01

    KEY MESSAGE : Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains differ not only in their ability to transform tomato Micro-Tom, but also in the number of transgene copies that the strains integrate in the genome. The transformation efficiency of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Micro-Tom with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains AGL1, EHA105, GV3101, and MP90, harboring the plasmid pBI121 was compared. The presence of the nptII and/or uidA transgenes in regenerated T(0) plants was determined by PCR, Southern blotting, and/or GUS histochemical analyses. In addition, a rapid and reliable duplex, qPCR TaqMan assay was standardized to estimate transgene copy number. The highest transformation rate (65 %) was obtained with the Agrobacterium strain GV3101, followed by EHA105 (40 %), AGL1 (35 %), and MP90 (15 %). The mortality rate of cotyledons due to Agrobacterium overgrowth was the lowest with the strain GV3101. The Agrobacterium strain EHA105 was more efficient than GV3101 in the transfer of single T-DNA insertions of nptII and uidA transgenes into the tomato genome. Even though Agrobacterium strain MP90 had the lowest transformation rate of 15 %, the qPCR analysis showed that the strain MP90 was the most efficient in the transfer of single transgene insertions, and none of the transgenic plants produced with this strain had more than two insertion events in their genome. The combination of higher transformation efficiency and fewer transgene insertions in plants transformed using EHA105 makes this Agrobacterium strain optimal for functional genomics and biotechnological applications in tomato.

  20. Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk v českých diskusích o literárním realismu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hrdina, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 17, č. 1 (2014), s. 183-203 ISSN 1213-2144 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP406/12/P839 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Masaryk, Tomáš Garrigue * Zola, Émile * literary realism * naturalism * empirical aesthetics Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  1. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total...

  2. Role of PINK1 binding to the TOM complex and alternate intracellular membranes in recruitment and activation of the E3 ligase Parkin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarou, Michael; Jin, Seok Min; Kane, Lesley A; Youle, Richard J

    2012-02-14

    Mutations in the mitochondrial kinase PINK1 and the cytosolic E3 ligase Parkin can cause Parkinson's disease. Damaged mitochondria accumulate PINK1 on the outer membrane where, dependent on kinase activity, it recruits and activates Parkin to induce mitophagy, potentially maintaining organelle fidelity. How PINK1 recruits Parkin is unknown. We show that endogenous PINK1 forms a 700 kDa complex with the translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) selectively on depolarized mitochondria whereas PINK1 ectopically targeted to the outer membrane retains association with TOM on polarized mitochondria. Inducibly targeting PINK1 to peroxisomes or lysosomes, which lack a TOM complex, recruits Parkin and activates ubiquitin ligase activity on the respective organelles. Once there, Parkin induces organelle selective autophagy of peroxisomes but not lysosomes. We propose that the association of PINK1 with the TOM complex allows rapid reimport of PINK1 to rescue repolarized mitochondria from mitophagy, and discount mitochondrial-specific factors for Parkin translocation and activation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. TOMS/Meteor-3 Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Meteor-3 Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Meteor-3...

  4. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer...

  5. TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Level-3...

  6. TOMS/Earth Probe UV Aerosol Index Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Aerosol Index Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this...

  7. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  8. TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The...

  9. TOMS/Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this...

  10. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone...

  11. Sociologická analýza ukazuje, proč se odborníci neshodnou na tom, co s českými lesy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stachová, Jana

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 12, - (2017) ISSN 1802-9019 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) StrategieAV21/9 Program:StrategieAV Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : forest * forestry * experts Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography http://ekolist.cz/cz/publicistika/nazory-a-komentare/janan-stachova-sociologicka-analyza-proc-se-odbornici-neshodnou-na-tom-co-s-ceskymi-lesy

  12. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  13. TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Aerosol Index Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  14. Ignacio Arellano, El ingenio de Lope de Vega. Escolios a las «Rimas humanas y divinas del licenciado Tomé de Burguillos»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bienvenido Morros Mestres

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of Ignacio Arellano,El ingenio de Lope de Vega. Escolios a las «Rimas humanas y divinas del licenciado Tomé de Burguillos», IDEA/IGAS, New York, 2012, 305 pp. ISBN: 978-1-938795-84-8.

  15. TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Level-3...

  16. TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The...

  17. TOMS/Earth Probe UV Aerosol Index Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Aerosol Index Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Level-3...

  18. TOMS/Meteor-3 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Meteor-3 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this Meteor-3...

  19. TOMS/Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. (The shortname for this...

  20. TOMS Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSEPL3mref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping...

  1. TOMS Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSEPL3dref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping...

  2. TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 Total Column Ozone Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  3. Overseas dispersal of Hyperolius reed frogs from Central Africa to the oceanic islands of Sao Tomé and Príncipe

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bell, R. C.; Drewes, R. C.; Channing, A.; Gvoždík, Václav; Kielgast, J.; Lötters, S.; Stuart, B. L.; Zamudio, K. R.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 1 (2015), s. 65-75 ISSN 0305-0270 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : Central Africa * Congo River * Gulf of Guinea * Hyperolius * long-distance dispersal * oceanic island * biogeography * phylogeography * Príncipe * Sao Tomé * species tree Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 3.997, year: 2015

  4. Can REDD+ help the conservation of restricted-range island species? Insights from the endemism hotspot of São Tomé.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Faustino de Lima

    Full Text Available REDD+ aims to offset greenhouse gas emissions through "Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation". Some authors suggest that REDD+ can bring additional benefits for biodiversity, namely for the conservation of extinction-prone restricted-range species. Here, we assess this claim, using São Tomé Island (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe as a case study. We quantified the abundance of bird and tree species, and calculated the aboveground carbon stocks across a gradient of land-use intensity. We found a strong spatial congruence between carbon and the presence and abundance of endemic species, supporting the potential of REDD+ to protect these taxa. We then assessed if REDD+ could help protect the forests of São Tomé and Príncipe. To do so, we used OSIRIS simulations to predict country-level deforestation under two different REDD+ designs. These simulations showed that REDD+ could promote the loss of forests in São Tomé and Príncipe through leakage. This happened even when additional payments for biodiversity were included in the simulations, and despite São Tomé and Príncipe having the fourth highest carbon stocks per land area and the second highest biodiversity values according to the OSIRIS database. These results show weaknesses of OSIRIS as a planning tool, and demonstrate that the benefits that REDD+ might bring for biodiversity are strongly dependent on its careful implementation. We recommend that payment for ecosystem services programmes such as REDD+ develop safeguards to ensure that biodiversity co-benefits are met and perverse outcomes are avoided across all tropical countries. In particular, we advise specific safeguards regarding the conservation of extinction-prone groups, such as island restricted-range species.

  5. Arte y revolución: Sobre los fotomontajes olvidados de Tomás Maldonado Art and revolution: on the forgotten photomontages of Tomás Maldonado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Lucena

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un análisis sobre los fotomontajes realizados por el artista Tomás Maldonado entre 1946 y 1947 para Orientación, el periódico oficial del Partido Comunista Argentino. Estas producciones eran desconocidas (o silenciadas por los historiadores del arte argentino hasta los inicios de la investigación que emprendí en el año 2003 y que se materializó en mi tesis doctoral (2010, e incluso hasta hace muy poco tiempo no se incluían en el repertorio de obras del artista. Desde la perspectiva aquí propuesta, en cambio,los fotomontajes de Maldonado constituyen dos intervenciones cruciales para abordar el intenso vínculo entre arte, revolución y política que atraviesa el proyecto de la vanguardia de arte concreto argentina. Por un lado, porque remiten a la militancia de varios miembros de la Asociación Arte ConcretoInvención en las filas del comunismo local. Por otro, porque son producciones en las cuales es posible observar la estrecha relación existente entre la propuesta del concretismo argentino impulsado por Maldonado y el programa puesto en marcha por las vanguardias soviéticas en los años posteriores a la revolución bolchevique

  6. Changes in melatonin levels in transgenic 'Micro-Tom' tomato overexpressing ovine AANAT and ovine HIOMT genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lin; Zhao, Yu; Reiter, Russel J; He, Changjiu; Liu, Guoshi; Lei, Qiong; Zuo, Bixiao; Zheng, Xiao Dong; Li, Qingtian; Kong, Jin

    2014-03-01

    In animals, the melatonin biosynthesis pathway has been well defined after the isolation and identification of the four key genes that are involved in the conversion of tryptophan to melatonin. In plants, there are special alternative catalyzing steps, and plant genes share very low homology with the animal genes. It was of interest to examine the phenotype of transgenic Micro-Tom tomato plants overexpressing the homologous sheep oAANAT and oHIOMT genes responsible for the last two steps of melatonin synthesis. The oAANAT transgenic plants have higher melatonin levels and lower indoleacetic acid (IAA) contents than control due to the competition for tryptophan, the same precursor for both melatonin and IAA. Therefore, the oAANAT lines lose the 'apical dominance' inferring that melatonin likely lacks auxin activity. The significantly higher melatonin content in oHIOMT lines than oAANAT lines provides new proof for the important role of ASMT in plant melatonin synthesis. In addition, the enhanced drought tolerance of oHIOMT lines will also be an important contribution for plant engineering. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. As inovações de Tom Zé na linguagem da canção popular dos anos 1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herom Vargas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é discutir alguns aspectos da experimentação do compositor brasileiro Tom Zé em três de seus cinco discos lançados nos anos 1970, dentro de um cenário de exceção institucional por conta da ditadura militar e de expansão das indústrias culturais. Do cantor, serão tratadas canções dos discos: Se o caso é chorar (Continental - 1972, Todos os olhos (Continental - 1973 e Estudando o samba (Continental - 1975. A noção básica de experimentação utilizada é de Umberto Eco (1970. Outro conceito para a discussão do experimentalismo é o de “canção crítica”, desenvolvido por S.C. Naves (2010. Como horizonte teórico, a canção popular será tratada como “texto semiótico”, conforme a semiótica da cultura de I.M. Lótman (1996. Os aspectos de inovação serão analisados internamente à própria linguagem híbrida da canção (letra, canto, música e performance e nas relações externas entre canção e contexto cultural.

  8. Emergencia de la conciencia intelectiva. La teoría creacionista según Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Vicente Burgoa

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta «¿de dónde venimos?" sigue siendo de interés, para saber qué somos y hacia dónde vamos ... Una vez aceptada la evolución transespecífica de los seres vivos, actualmente todos o casi todos aceptan el origen filogenético del cuerpo humano. Pero hay notables reticencias y hasta serias dificultades para aceptar ese mismo origen para el alma humana. Esas dificultades provienen tanto de un supuesto dogma acerca de la creación del alma directamente por Dios, como de posiciones metafísicas muy serias, entre las que cabe destacar la argumentación de Tomás de Aquino. El autor de este trabajo, dejando de lado el aspecto teológico -aunque señalando de paso su duda fundada respecto de la existencia de tal dogma creacionista- se enfrenta a los argumentos metafísicos, desde las mismas bases sistemáticas en que tales argumentos parecen fundarse. Su conclusión es que esos argumentos no son decisivos; y que, por tanto, se puede y se debe seguir buscando un origen filogenético común para el hombre en su totalidad, dejando de lado el dualismo antropológico accidentalista, de tipo platónico y racionalista.

  9. Caracterização química do óleo de palma de São Tomé e Príncipe

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Nuno; Neto, Antónia Santos; Ramalhosa, Elsa; Casal, Susana; Pereira, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    O óleo de palma, proveniente do fruto da palmeira do dendém, Elaeis guineensis Jacq., é um dos óleos vegetais mais consumidos e apreciados em São Tomé e Príncipe, sendo um ingrediente sempre presente nos pratos tradicionais. Neste sentido, com o presente trabalho pretendeu-se contribuir para a caraterização do óleo de palma extraído da palmeira do dendém, obtido de forma tradicional em São Tomé e Príncipe, no que respeita à sua composição química e resistência à oxidação. Para tal, recolheram...

  10. Multi year changes of Aerosol Optical Depth in the monsoon region of the Indian Ocean since 1986 as seen in the AVHRR and TOMS data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. George

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD data based on AVHRR and TOMS was analyzed to find out the changes in the Indian Ocean from 1981 to 2004. Four regions covering Indian Ocean north of 10° S were studied in detail. The results strongly suggest that the mean value of AOD in these regions decreased from 1986–1990 to 1995–1999. The Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal show increase thereafter whereas in the equatorial part it decreased further, during 2000–2004. The drop in AOD from the first to second period is evident in AVHRR and TOMS in the case of the Arabian Sea (North West Indian Ocean. The decrease in this case is prominent in summer. These results in general agree with the recently reported global decrease in AOD, "global brightening" and also the reversal of trend in some of the anthropogenic emissions.

  11. Optimisation of tomato Micro-tom regeneration and selection on glufosinate/Basta and dependency of gene silencing on transgene copy number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khuong, Thi Thu Huong; Crété, Patrice; Robaglia, Christophe; Caffarri, Stefano

    2013-09-01

    An efficient protocol of transformation and selection of transgenic lines of Micro-tom, a widespread model cultivar for tomato, is reported. RNA interference silencing efficiency and stability have been investigated and correlated with the number of insertions. Given its small size and ease of cultivation, the tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) cultivar Micro-tom is of widespread use as a model tomato plant. To create and screen transgenic plants, different selectable markers are commonly used. The bar marker carrying the resistance to the herbicide glufosinate/Basta, has many advantages, but it has been little utilised and with low efficiency for identification of tomato transgenic plants. Here we describe a procedure for accurate selection of transgenic Micro-tom both in vitro and in soil. Immunoblot, Southern blot and phenotypic analyses showed that 100 % of herbicide-resistant plants were transgenic. In addition, regeneration improvement has been obtained by using 2 mg/l Gibberellic acid in the shoot elongation medium; rooting optimisation on medium containing 1 mg/l IAA allowed up to 97 % of shoots developing strong and very healthy roots after only 10 days. Stable transformation frequency by infection of leaf explants with Agrobacterium reached 12 %. Shoots have been induced by combination of 1 mg/l zeatin-trans and 0.1 mg/l IAA. Somatic embryogenesis of cotyledon on medium containing 1 mg/l zeatin + 2 mg/l IAA is described in Micro-tom. The photosynthetic psbS gene has been used as reporter gene for RNA silencing studies. The efficiency of gene silencing has been found equivalent using three different target gene fragments of 519, 398 and 328 bp. Interestingly, silencing efficiency decreased from T0 to the T3 generation in plants containing multiple copies of the inserted T-DNA, while it was stable in plants containing a single insertion.

  12. Efficient isolation of pure and functional mitochondria from mouse tissues using automated tissue disruption and enrichment with anti-TOM22 magnetic beads.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andras Franko

    Full Text Available To better understand molecular mechanisms regulating changes in metabolism, as observed e.g. in diabetes or neuronal disorders, the function of mitochondria needs to be precisely determined. The usual isolation methods such as differential centrifugation result in isolates of highly variable quality and quantity. To fulfill the need of a reproducible isolation method from solid tissues, which is suitable to handle parallel samples simultaneously, we developed a protocol based on anti-TOM22 (translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 22 homolog antibody-coupled magnetic beads. To measure oxygen consumption rate in isolated mitochondria from various mouse tissues, a traditional Clark electrode and the high-throughput XF Extracellular Flux Analyzer were used. Furthermore, Western blots, transmission electron microscopic and proteomic studies were performed to analyze the purity and integrity of the mitochondrial preparations. Mitochondrial fractions isolated from liver, brain and skeletal muscle by anti-TOM22 magnetic beads showed oxygen consumption capacities comparable to previously reported values and little contamination with other organelles. The purity and quality of isolated mitochondria using anti-TOM22 magnetic beads was compared to traditional differential centrifugation protocol in liver and the results indicated an obvious advantage of the magnetic beads method compared to the traditional differential centrifugation technique.

  13. TOMS Nimbus-7 Total Ozone Aerosol Index UV-Reflectivity UV-B Erythemal Irradiances Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg V008 (TOMSN7L3) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) version 8 Daily Gridded Data consist of daily, global coverage of total column ozone, aerosol index, Lambertian effective...

  14. Resolução e apreensão de princípios em Tomás de Aquino [Resolution and apprehension of principles in Aquinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Pazos

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O escopo do presente artigo consiste em investigar a função da resolução na apreensão de princípios em Tomás de Aquino. Para tanto, examino o sentido da resolução do ente efetuada por Tomás em De veritate, q. 1, a. 1. Com o intuito de elucidar esse extrato textual, tenho por objetivo explicitar como Tomás associa o emprego da resolução, entendida como método próprio da razão humana, com a apreensão intelectual do ente que, de acordo com Tomás, é o princípio geral sem o qual todo conhecimento humano encontrar-se-ia desprovido de fundamentação.

  15. Adições à bibliografia da fauna de São Tomé e Príncipe e da ilha de Annobon, Guiné Equatorial. Addendum

    OpenAIRE

    Gascoigne, Angus

    1996-01-01

    Mais 182 documentos sobre a fauna de três das quatro ilhas no Golfo de Guiné (Príncipe, São Tomé e Annobon) são apresentados. ABSTRACT: A further 182 publications concerning with the fauna of three of the four islands in the Gulf of Guinea (Príncipe, São Tomé and Annobon) are listed.

  16. Large-scale analysis of full-length cDNAs from the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cultivar Micro-Tom, a reference system for the Solanaceae genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoki, Koh; Yano, Kentaro; Suzuki, Ayako; Kawamura, Shingo; Sakurai, Nozomu; Suda, Kunihiro; Kurabayashi, Atsushi; Suzuki, Tatsuya; Tsugane, Taneaki; Watanabe, Manabu; Ooga, Kazuhide; Torii, Maiko; Narita, Takanori; Shin-I, Tadasu; Kohara, Yuji; Yamamoto, Naoki; Takahashi, Hideki; Watanabe, Yuichiro; Egusa, Mayumi; Kodama, Motoichiro; Ichinose, Yuki; Kikuchi, Mari; Fukushima, Sumire; Okabe, Akiko; Arie, Tsutomu; Sato, Yuko; Yazawa, Katsumi; Satoh, Shinobu; Omura, Toshikazu; Ezura, Hiroshi; Shibata, Daisuke

    2010-03-30

    The Solanaceae family includes several economically important vegetable crops. The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is regarded as a model plant of the Solanaceae family. Recently, a number of tomato resources have been developed in parallel with the ongoing tomato genome sequencing project. In particular, a miniature cultivar, Micro-Tom, is regarded as a model system in tomato genomics, and a number of genomics resources in the Micro-Tom-background, such as ESTs and mutagenized lines, have been established by an international alliance. To accelerate the progress in tomato genomics, we developed a collection of fully-sequenced 13,227 Micro-Tom full-length cDNAs. By checking redundant sequences, coding sequences, and chimeric sequences, a set of 11,502 non-redundant full-length cDNAs (nrFLcDNAs) was generated. Analysis of untranslated regions demonstrated that tomato has longer 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions than most other plants but rice. Classification of functions of proteins predicted from the coding sequences demonstrated that nrFLcDNAs covered a broad range of functions. A comparison of nrFLcDNAs with genes of sixteen plants facilitated the identification of tomato genes that are not found in other plants, most of which did not have known protein domains. Mapping of the nrFLcDNAs onto currently available tomato genome sequences facilitated prediction of exon-intron structure. Introns of tomato genes were longer than those of Arabidopsis and rice. According to a comparison of exon sequences between the nrFLcDNAs and the tomato genome sequences, the frequency of nucleotide mismatch in exons between Micro-Tom and the genome-sequencing cultivar (Heinz 1706) was estimated to be 0.061%. The collection of Micro-Tom nrFLcDNAs generated in this study will serve as a valuable genomic tool for plant biologists to bridge the gap between basic and applied studies. The nrFLcDNA sequences will help annotation of the tomato whole-genome sequence and aid in tomato functional

  17. A base sócio-histórica na construção do protagonista em As Aventuras de Tom Sawyer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ângela Tavares Nates Moreira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A obra The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, escrita pelo autor norte americano Samuel Langhorne Clemens, mais conhecido pelo pseudônimo Mark Twain, é considerada, hoje, a narrativa que inaugurou a literatura infanto-juvenil, no século XIX. Essa narrativa ganha maior expressividade devido a sua escrita de caráter regionalista utilizado pelo autor. Com a publicação de As Aventuras de Tom Sawyer, Mark Twain percorre o ambiente literário, com traços marcados pelo humor, pelo Realismo e pelo Regionalismo. Este trabalho objetiva analisar os fragmentos da fala de Tom e aspectos sócio-históricos de uma época de mudanças.  A finalidade é considerar o processo de transição do protagonista, dentro do romance. Desse modo, foram selecionados alguns fragmentos que revelam pontos Realistas. Após a leitura da obra, foram verificados e extraídos fragmentos representativos do jovem protagonista, tais como crenças religiosas, compreensão de mundo e valores morais. O filtro analítico se pauta no trabalho de teóricos como Bakhtin (2010, Watt (2010 e Blair (1967, entre outros, que contribuíram com informações sobre o desenvolvimento político, cultural e religioso das famílias americanas do Centro-Oeste dos Estados Unidos do século XIX. Serão abordadas as teorias sobre o personagem, a partir das reflexões de Gancho (2006 e Candido (2007. Os vários fragmentos analisados permitiram-nos chegar à conclusão sobre o modo como a transição do jovem protagonista foi influenciada, quais as características que revelam suas preferências e opiniões, e, por acréscimo, verificar que muitas dessas respostas poderão ser constatadas em conformidade com o período da época que, “irrevogavelmente”, são considerados intrínsecos na vida de Tom Sawyer.Palavras-chave: protagonista; regionalismo; realismo; Tom Sawyer.

  18. High tech the old-fashioned way. An interview with Tom Siebel of Siebel Systems. Interview by Bronwyn Fryer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebel, T

    2001-03-01

    There is a growing awareness among corporations that the quality of the customer experience they provide directly affects their bottom line. Many are turning to high-flying software maker Siebel Systems for help in managing those relationships. The young company holds a leadership position in an explosive market-enterprise application software. But customer satisfaction, not dot-com chic, is foremost on the mind of Siebel Systems' founder, chairman, and CEO, Tom Siebel. The buttoned-down Siebel rejects the freewheeling management style and culture that characterize many Silicon Valley companies. As the former CEO of Gain Technology and a former executive at Oracle, Siebel believes in putting customers ahead of technology, discipline ahead of inspiration. In this interview, conducted at the company's San Mateo, California, headquarters, Siebel describes how this obsessive focus on customer satisfaction has been the driving force behind the company's success. He talks about how the organization remains true to its core values: a deep commitment to providing customer satisfaction; responsible fiscal practices that have created a cash-positive business amid today's cash-negative dot-coms; and general professionalism. "The notion of dressing in jeans and a T-shirt to greet the CEO of a major financial institution who just got off the plane from Munich is not acceptable," he says. Siebel Systems rejects the concept of going to war with rivals; instead, the CEO says, the company has forged an ecosystem of partnerships that allows it to support and integrate its own systems with other companies' software products and ultimately ease the customer's software installations. Indeed, Siebel says, the CEO's most important job is to understand what customers need and deliver that.

  19. Population Genetics of the São Tomé Caecilian (Gymnophiona: Dermophiidae: Schistometopum thomense) Reveals Strong Geographic Structuring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoelting, Ricka E.; Measey, G. John; Drewes, Robert C.

    2014-01-01

    Islands provide exciting opportunities for exploring ecological and evolutionary mechanisms. The oceanic island of São Tomé in the Gulf of Guinea exhibits high diversity of fauna including the endemic caecilian amphibian, Schistometopum thomense. Variation in pigmentation, morphology and size of this taxon over its c. 45 km island range is extreme, motivating a number of taxonomic, ecological, and evolutionary hypotheses to explain the observed diversity. We conducted a population genetic study of S. thomense using partial sequences of two mitochondrial DNA genes (ND4 and 16S), together with morphological examination, to address competing hypotheses of taxonomic or clinal variation. Using Bayesian phylogenetic analysis and Spatial Analysis of Molecular Variance, we found evidence of four geographic clades, whose range and approximated age (c. 253 Kya – 27 Kya) are consistent with the spread and age of recent volcanic flows. These clades explained 90% of variation in ND4 (φCT = 0.892), and diverged by 4.3% minimum pairwise distance at the deepest node. Most notably, using Mismatch Distributions and Mantel Tests, we identified a zone of population admixture that dissected the island. In the northern clade, we found evidence of recent population expansion (Fu's Fs = −13.08 and Tajima's D = −1.80) and limited dispersal (Mantel correlation coefficient = 0.36, p = 0.01). Color assignment to clades was not absolute. Paired with multinomial regression of chromatic data, our analyses suggested that the genetic groups and a latitudinal gradient together describe variation in color of S. thomense. We propose that volcanism and limited dispersal ability are the likely proximal causes of the observed genetic structure. This is the first population genetic study of any caecilian and demonstrates that these animals have deep genetic divisions over very small areas in accordance with previous speculations of low dispersal abilities. PMID:25171066

  20. Videnskabsretorik eller tom retorik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Leif Becker

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler videnskabsretorik såvel i den videnskabelige undersøgelse som i fremlæggelsen inden for forskellige paradigmer, herunder argumetnation set i lyset af Toulmins argumentationsmodel....

  1. Response to Tom Cobb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nation, Paul

    2016-01-01

    In this article Paul Nation responds to Thomas Cobb's "Numbers or Numerology? A Response to Nation (2014) and McQuillan (2016)" (EJ1117024). Nation begins by clarifying his own position on vocabulary learning and goes on to highlight points made in Cobb's article with which he is in agreement, while drawing from his 2014 article,…

  2. Trouble in Toms River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugg, Catherine A.; Tooms, Autumn K.

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on a recent New Jersey Supreme Court decision (2007), this case addresses a school district's responsibility regarding homophobic bullying, school culture, and the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students to be free of discrimination.

  3. 6 June 2008 - Chancellor F. Tomàs Vert, University of Valencia, visiting ATLAS control room and experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Mona Schweizer

    2008-01-01

    6 June 2008 - Chancellor F. Tomàs Vert, University of Valencia, visiting ATLAS control room and experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni. Other participants: Prof. Francisco José Botella, Director, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, University of València and CSIC Prof. José Peñarrocha, Dean, Faculty of Physics Prof. Antonio Ferrer, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, University of València and CSIC Prof. Antonio Pich, University of València, Member of IFIC (CSIC - Univ. València), Coordinator of CPAN, Spanish National Centre for Particle, Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics.

  4. HIV-1 infection, response to treatment and establishment of viral latency in a novel humanized T cell-only mouse (TOM) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honeycutt, Jenna B; Wahl, Angela; Archin, Nancie; Choudhary, Shailesh; Margolis, David; Garcia, J Victor

    2013-10-24

    The major targets of HIV infection in humans are CD4⁺ T cells. CD4⁺ T cell depletion is a hallmark of AIDS. Previously, the SCID-hu thy/liv model was used to study the effect of HIV on thymopoeisis in vivo. However, these mice did not develop high levels of peripheral T cell reconstitution and required invasive surgery for infection and analysis. Here, we describe a novel variant of this model in which thy/liv implantation results in systemic reconstitution with human T cells in the absence of any other human hematopoietic lineages. NOD/SCID-hu thy/liv and NSG-hu thy/liv mice were created by implanting human fetal thymus and liver tissues under the kidney capsule of either NOD/SCID or NSG mice. In contrast to NOD/SCID-hu thy/liv mice that show little or no human cells in peripheral blood or tissues, substantial systemic human reconstitution occurs in NSG-hu thy/liv. These mice are exclusively reconstituted with human T cells (i.e. T-cell only mice or TOM). Despite substantial levels of human T cells no signs of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were noted in these mice over a period of 14 months. TOM are readily infected after parenteral exposure to HIV-1. HIV replication is sustained in peripheral blood at high levels and results in modest reduction of CD4⁺ T cells. HIV-1 replication in TOM responds to daily administration of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) resulting in strong suppression of virus replication as determined by undetectable viral load in plasma. Latently HIV infected resting CD4⁺ T cells can be isolated from suppressed mice that can be induced to express HIV ex-vivo upon activation demonstrating the establishment of latency in vivo. NSG-hu thy/liv mice are systemically reconstituted with human T cells. No other human lymphoid lineages are present in these mice (i.e. monocytes/macrophages, B cells and DC are all absent). These T cell only mice do not develop GVHD, are susceptible to HIV-1 infection and can efficiently maintain virus

  5. La Chartreuse de Parme,Tom Jones et Vanity Fair : la représentation autoconsciente dans trois stades de développement

    OpenAIRE

    Vågslid, Gudfrid

    2007-01-01

    En résumé INTRODUCTION Pour ce mémoire j ai choisi trois uvres réalistes, notamment The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling publié par Henry Fielding en 1749, La Chartreuse de Parme de Stendhal (1839) et Vanity Fair, a novel without a hero de William Makepeace Thackeray qui est paru en feuilleton en 1847-48. Je me concentrerai sur la Chartreuse et me servirai d exemples des deux autres uvres pour mettre en relief celle de Stendhal. Stendhal et Fielding partageaient « le m...

  6. La iglesia de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en Roma: un monumento barroco a la pietas hispanica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Tornel, Pablo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1667 the construction of the Hospice of Saints Ildefonso and Tomás de Villanueva began on the Roman Via Sistina. The headquarters of the Augustinian Recollects in Rome took on a particular architectural configuration directly inspired by Francesco Borromini’s Chapel of the Three Kings and a very concrete iconography linked to the political situation during the second half of the 17th century. Thus the church was decorated to create a monument to the Immaculate Conception with images of the Loreto litany adorning its walls, reinforced by paintings of the Virgins of Copacabana and Guadalupe inside. All of this, combined with the dedication of the building to Saint Tomás de Villanueva (canonized in 1658, turns the temple into a celebration of the pietas hispanica in an area of the Holy City scene of clashes for power between France and Spain.En 1667 se pone la primera piedra del Hospicio de los santos Ildefonso y Tomás de Villanueva en la Via Sistina romana. La sede de la orden de los agustinos recoletos en Roma toma una particular configuración arquitectónica, directamente inspirada en la Capilla de los Reyes Magos de Francesco Borromini, y una muy definida iconografía vinculada con la situación política de la segunda mitad del siglo XVII. Así, la iglesia se erige en un monumento a la Inmaculada Concepción concretado en las imágenes de la letanía lauretana que ornan sus muros y reforzado por las pinturas de las vírgenes de Copacabana y Guadalupe en su interior. Todo ello, junto a la advocación a Santo Tomás de Villanueva, canonizado en 1658, convierte el templo en un alegato a la pietas hispanica en un área de la ciudad que fue escenario de los enfrentamientos entre Francia y España.

  7. El modelo universitario europeo en Asia: la universidad de Santo Tomás de Manila (1611) y la civilización filipina

    OpenAIRE

    Donoso Jiménez, Isaac

    2008-01-01

    La introducción del modelo universitario europeo en Asia se produjo a finales del siglo XVI por medio de la doctrina dominica en el Archipiélago Filipino, teniendo como pilar fundamental el desarrollo de la imprenta tipográfica. En 1611 se dará carta de naturaleza a la Universidad de Santo Tomás, considerada como la primera universidad de Asia, que desarrollará una labor determinante en la definición moderna del concepto de Civilización Filipina. The introduction of the European university...

  8. Crustaceans associated with Cnidaria, Bivalvia, Echinoidea and Pisces at São Tomé and Príncipe islands.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirtz, P.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Symbiotic crustaceans were searched for at sea anemones (Actiniaria, encrusting anemones (Zoantharia, horny coral (Gorgonaria, black coral (Antipatharia, bivalves (Bivalvia, and sea urchins (Echinoidea at São Tomé and Príncipe Islands (Gulf of Guinea, eastern central Atlantic. Sixteen species of crustaceans were found in association with these invertebrate hosts; eleven of them were new records for the area and two species, belonging to the genera Hippolyte and Heteromysis, were new for science. The thalassinid Axiopsis serratifrons was occasionally associated with an undescribed species of gobiid fish.

  9. Brazil current eddy activity near cape São Tomé based on direct ADCP data measurements from 2006 to 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, N. D.; Gabioux, M.; Guerra, L. D.; Paiva, A. M.

    2013-05-01

    Cape São Tomé, in the Campos Basin, is a region of intense ocean mesoscale activity where meanders and eddies are formed by instability processes of the Brazil Current. In this work seven years of ADCP current data (2006-2012) are analyzed at different depths over the continental shelf and slope of Campos Basin in order to characterize the variability and vertical struture of meanders and eddies. The present study is a continuation of Lima et al. (2010), in which two years of current meter data, taken at fewer locations and spanning a shorter depth range, were analyzed. This preliminary study suggested that eddy formation at Cape São Tomé may occur throughout the year, and that these eddies, which present a mixed barotropic and baroclinic structure, exert significant influence on the Brazil Current and on the upper portion of the Intermediate Western Boundary Current, which flows northward at intermediate depths. The longer time series of data, now available, alow us to check the validity of Lima et al. (2010) results about mesoscale activity activity, and to test their proposed conceptual model of eddy formation for other events. The ten ADCP moorings analyzed were located between 21°S and 23°S, and 41°W and 39°W. Measurements were taken from the surface down to 750 and 900 meters, and the data have different record lengths for each mooring. High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature dates (GHRSST) are also analyzed in order to provide a broader spatial view, assisting in the interpretation of the phenomena observed in the velocity data. The new results corroborate the study of Lima et al. (2010), showing that eddy formation is a reccuring phenomenon at Cape São Tomé for all the period analyzed. Eddies generate significant variability in current velocity both at the surface and at intermediate depths, changing the depth and intensity of Brasil Current - Intermediate Western Boundary Current system. While the average current system showed a strong baroclinic

  10. Biowaste separate collection and composting in a Small Island Developing State: The case study of São Tomé and Principe, West Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz, João M; Ferreira, José S; Dias-Ferreira, Celia

    2015-12-01

    São Tomé and Principe archipelago in West Africa is a Small Island Developing State facing acute waste management problems. This article describes the implementation of selective collection of biowaste combined with composting in São Tomé, as a case-study of an innovative action in the framework of a Small Island Developing State. Collection was designed to gather 225 t y(-1), targeting non-domestic biowaste producers, namely local businesses, municipal markets and municipal green waste. A municipal composting plant was built using basic facilities and windrow composting. The total investment amounted to €50,000, mainly supported by external aid. Biowaste producers reacted very positively, source segregating enthusiastically. Irregular service - collection collapsed each time the old vehicle was repaired - together with political disengagement and unmotivated work force were the major constrains. Biowaste was intermittently delivered to the composting plant and yielded 2 t of compost from July to December 2013 and 10 t during 2014. Compost was sold as organic fertiliser to a touristic resource, to small farmers and to gardeners, at a market price slightly below production costs, meaning the process is not economically sustainable without support. Nevertheless, biowaste is one of the few waste fractions (other than glass) that can be turned into a product that has both market value and a real demand, showing the enormous potential of composting source-separated biowaste in this part of the world. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Effect of deslorelin on testicular function, serum dihydrotestosterone and oestradiol concentrations during and after suppression of sexual activity in tom cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gültiken, Nilgün; Aslan, Selim; Ay, Serhan Serhat; Gülbahar, Mustafa Yavuz; Thuróczy, Julianna; Koldaş, Ece; Kaya, Duygu; Fındık, Murat; Schäfer-Somi, Sabine

    2017-02-01

    Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a 4.7 mg deslorelin implant in tom cats. Methods Nine mature male cats were included in the deslorelin group and five cats in the control group. Before the study started, all cats were confirmed to have distinct sexually dimorphic behaviour. Blood samples were taken on the implantation day, at day 7 and at day 15, then monthly, in order to measure serum dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and 17beta(β)-oestradiol concentrations. The deslorelin group (n = 9) was divided into two subgroups: five cats (cats 1-5) were neutered in the postimplantation period during suppression of sexually dimorphic behaviour, and four cats (cats 6-9) were neutered after re-expression of sexually dimorphic behaviour. The control group cats (n = 5) were castrated without administration of the implant. Results Sexually dimorphic behaviours ceased within a mean ± SD of 13-58 days (23.30 ± 14.17) after implantation. DHT concentration decreased within 30 days. The mean duration of suppression was 26.5 ± 7.42 months and reactivation coincided with increased DHT values reaching preimplantation concentrations within 1 month. 17β-oestradiol concentrations significantly correlated with DHT concentrations ( P tom cats without any side effects and with full reversibility; however, duration of suppression is highly individual.

  12. Relaciones entre masculinidades: Controversia en La cabaña del tío Tom Relations among Masculinities: Controversy in Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Gómez R.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The American novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher-Stowe, has caused historical debate because of its notion of masculinity between white men and African-American slaves in the antebellum period. The description of these two antagonist forces are said to be defined by the author on extreme foundations of sentimentalist and romantic racialism that seem to distort the real objective events related to slavery in America . Beecher-Stowe was condemned by both white and black races because of the denunciation she makes of slavery as a hegemonic male institution. This article examines this polemic in Uncle Tom’s cabin, based on the sociologist R.W. Connell’s theory of relations among masculinities. From this theory, the article argues that while whites’ masculinity is determined by a sense of power based on hegemony, complicity, and subordination, blacks’, represented by uncle Tom, is portrayed as adopting weak submission and resigned marginalization. As Uncle Tom’s Cabin is the inspiration of a historical reality, this article also studies the novel in relation to factual events in which the ideals of hegemonic masculinity established slavery as a powerful institution in America .La cabaña del tío Tom, escrita por Beecher-Stowe ha causado debate histórico debido a su noción de masculinidad entre el hombre blanco y el hombre africano durante el período de la esclavitud. Se dice que la autora describe estas dos fuerzas antagónicas con fundamentos extremos de sentimentalismo y romanticismo racial, que parecen distorsionar los hechos reales relacionados con la esclavitud en Estados Unidos. Ambas razas condenaron a la novelista por la denuncia que hace de la esclavitud como una institución hegemónicamente masculina. En este artículo se examina tal polémica en La cabaña del tío Tom, a la luz de la teoría que propone el sociólogo R.W. Connell sobre relaciones entre masculinidades. A partir de ésta, se argumenta el

  13. X-24B on Lakebed with Research Pilots Einar Enevoldson, John Manke, Richard Scobee, Tom McMurtry, Bi

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    This 1976 photo shows the X-24B on the Rogers Dry Lake, adjacent to the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, with research pilots Einar Enevoldson, John Manke, Richard Scobee, Tom McMurtry, Bill Dana, and Michael Love in front of it. Scobee went on to become an astronaut in NASA's Space Shuttle program and perished in the explosion of the Space Shuttle orbiter 'Challenger' in 1986. The X-24 was one of a group of lifting bodies flown by the NASA Flight Research Center (now Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards, California, in a joint program with the U.S. Air Force at Edwards Air Force Base from 1963 to 1975. The lifting bodies were used to demonstrate the ability of pilots to maneuver and safely land wingless vehicles designed to fly back to Earth from space and be landed like an airplane at a predetermined site. Lifting bodies' aerodynamic lift, essential to flight in the atmosphere, was obtained from their shape. The addition of fins and control surfaces allowed the pilots to stabilize and control the vehicles and regulate their flight paths. Built by Martin Aircraft Company, Maryland, for the U.S. Air Force, the X-24A was a bulbous vehicle shaped like a teardrop with three vertical fins at the rear for directional control. It weighed 6,270 pounds, was 24.5 feet long and 11.5 feet wide (measuring just the fuselage, not the distance between the tips of the outboard fins). Its first unpowered glide flight was on April 17, 1969, with Air Force Maj. Jerauld Gentry at the controls. Gentry also piloted its first powered flight on March 19, 1970. The X-24A was flown 28 times in the program that, like the HL-10, validated the concept that a Space Shuttle vehicle could be landed unpowered. The fastest speed achieved by the X-24A was 1,036 miles per hour (mph-Mach 1.6). Its maximum altitude was 71,400 feet. It was powered by an XLR-11 rocket engine with a maximum theoretical vacuum thrust of 8,480 pounds. The X-24A was later modified into the X-24B

  14. Três Compositores da Música Popular do Brasil: Pixinguinha, Garoto e Tom Jobim. Uma Análise Comparativa que Abrange o Período do Choro a Bossa-Nova

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo José de Siqueira Tiné

    2001-01-01

    A pesquisa trata de um estudo de três compositores da música popular do Brasil: Pixinguinha, Garoto e Tom Jobim. Através da análise de 5 obras representativas de cada compositor, pretende-se chegar a um perfil comparativo desses compositores, bem como dos períodos que eles representam no contexto da música popular: do choro à bossa nova, The research is a study about three composers of Brazil\\'s popular music: Pixinguinha, Garoto and Tom Jobim. Through the analysis of five repre...

  15. Estrategias de acompañamiento académico para la permanencia implementadas en el programa de psicología de la Universidad Santo Tomás. Bogotá - Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Martín, Diana Ximena; Fonseca Fonseca, Juan Carlos

    2017-01-01

    Para la Universidad Santo Tomás (USTA) la formación integral representa una responsabilidad social y se consolida como uno de los pilares de la misión institucional, en este orden, el Proyecto Educativo Institucional (PEI) la define como “el desarrollo de todas las dimensiones de la vida personal” (Universidad Santo Tomás, 2004); esta responsabilidad implica estar atentos a las necesidades cambiantes de los estudiantes que pueden poner en riesgo su permanencia académica. En este orden, el Pro...

  16. Naranjas en el suelo. La conciencia de la muerte en la obra de Tomás González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Daniel Campo Becerra

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una lectura crítica de la obra de Tomás González. En la primera parte, se muestra que la posición del narrador en la obra narrativa y la voz poética en su poesía están mediadas por una conciencia de la muerte que afecta la representación del mundo. Luego, se analizan los lazos familiares entre los personajes en las novelas, pues ellos permiten ver destinos trágicos, sensibilidades nerviosas y sentimientos culpables heredados que definen a los personajes masculinos. Además de las obras mismas de González, este trabajo se basa en entrevistas al autor, reseñas críticas sobre sus textos y afirmaciones explícitas o implícitas, derivadas de sus poemas y narraciones.

  17. El impacto del Nuevo Mundo en la invención de Utopía de Tomás Moro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Martínez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el impacto de la noción de Nuevo Mundo en la escritura de Utopía de Tomás Moro hacia 1516. En este sentido, evalúa los alcances de las novedades americanas y asiáticas y sus canales de circulación en la elaboración de un discurso cosmográico verosímil, tal como se evidencia en el tratado de Moro. El texto propone que la creación de un espacio utópico virtual se fundó (en términos geográicos y políticos en la ambigüedad generada por las tensiones entre el saber clásico y la experiencia transoceánica de la modernidad temprana.

  18. Académico Doctor Tomás Quevedo Gómez. (Medellín, 2 de Junio de 1916 – 20 de Enero de 2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Mendoza-Vega

    2004-01-01

    Dar el adiós final a un amigo es ocasión siempre dolorosa; pero cuando ese amigo es además un destacado académico, un colega de larga y meritoria vida científica y un escritor de fina pluma, el lamento debe ser forzosamente mayor por cuanto pierden la Patria y nuestra profesión, ambas tan necesitadas hoy de figuras cimeras.

    Tomás Quevedo Gómez había pasado indemne la cumbre de los ochenta años y se preparaba con su bonhomía de siempre para los noventa ya cercanos, p...

  19. “A árvore proibida do sacerdócio”: razão e religião segundo Tom Paine

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Marcos Felipe de Brum

    2009-01-01

    O artigo visa explorar o pensamento filosófico de Thomas Paine (1737- 1809), no que este toca as questões religiosas. Paine, um deísta que julgava a Bíblia como um livro herético, escreveu alguns artigos em que desacreditou as profecias bíblicas, em análises feitas a partir da Razão ilustrada. Tal Razão foi definida por Tom Paine como “a árvore proibida do sacerdócio”, já que a Bílbia, se lida pela lente das Luzes, seria despida de todo conteúdo de verdade. Assim, o trabalho almeja expor uma ...

  20. Análise florística e estrutural de sistemas silviagrícolas em Tomé-Açu, Pará.

    OpenAIRE

    BOLFE, E. L.; BATISTELLA, M.

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a composição florística e estrutural de sistemas silviagrícolas em Tomé-Açu, Pará. Os dados dendrométricos foram obtidos por inventário em 40 parcelas amostrais, com três unidades cada uma, no total de 120 unidades de 10x10 m. Foi inventariada a média de 1.424,3 indivíduos por hectare, pertencentes a 27 famílias e a 54 espécies. Tendo-se considerado a variabilidade dos estágios vegetativos, os diferentes sistemas silviagrícolas (SAF) foram divididos em q...

  1. FORMAS DE TRATAMENTO EM TRADUÇÕES DE “THE ADVENTURES OF TOM SAWYER”: RELAÇÕES SOCIAIS E AFETIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselle Olivia Mantovani Dal Corno

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Mark Twain is a renowned realist author, known by his colloquial style and local colorism. In the novel “The adventures of Tom Sawyer”, he manages to depict oral regional language in the lines of his characters. Address forms used by characters contribute to the representation of social relations in the book. From the analysis of a few dialogs in the original text in English and their translations into Portuguese, this paper will discuss not only oral language indexes but also the ways how the choice of lexical items for addressing reveal different degrees of affectivity and social hierarchy. Some cases of loss in translation are registered as well as one case of domestication, in the terms of Venutti (1998.

  2. Ley natural y ética discursiva la ley natural en Tomás de Aquino como gramática del discurso moral

    OpenAIRE

    Barzotto, Luis Fernando

    2009-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende mostrar que la ética tomista de la ley natural sea inteligible a un partidario de la ética discursiva de Apel y Habermas. Para ello; presenta la teoría de la ley natural de Tomás de Aquino como una gramática del discurso moral. La traducción ; según la terminología contemporánea de la ética tomista; pretende establecer un debate con los partidarios de la ética discursiva; adelantando en la tesis según la cual; en su función de controlar el sentido de las proposi...

  3. Análise florística e estrutural de sistemas silviagrícolas em Tomé-Açu, Pará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édson Luis Bolfe

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a composição florística e estrutural de sistemas silviagrícolas em Tomé-Açu, Pará. Os dados dendrométricos foram obtidos por inventário em 40 parcelas amostrais, com três unidades cada uma, no total de 120 unidades de 10x10 m. Foi inventariada a média de 1.424,3 indivíduos por hectare, pertencentes a 27 famílias e a 54 espécies. Tendo-se considerado a variabilidade dos estágios vegetativos, os diferentes sistemas silviagrícolas (SAF foram divididos em quatro classes hierárquicas: SAF 1, SAF 2, SAF 3, e SAF 4, para estabelecer um sistema de classificação passível de ser utilizado em outras avaliações de campo e em classificações digitais por meio do sensoriamento remoto. Espécies observadas em outros sistemas da região amazônica também foram relevantes para este estudo, especialmente Theobroma cacao, T. grandiflorum e Euterpe oleracea que, juntas, apresentaram médias de frequência relativa de 51%, densidade relativa de 69,2%, dominância relativa de 50,1% e índice de valor de importância de 56,8%. Os dados médios de diversidade florística, abundância, área basal e valor de importância indicam os sistemas silviagrícolas da região de Tomé-Açu como sistemas de produção com potencial econômico e ambiental, se adotado manejo adequado e racional.

  4. Planetary wave coupling in the middle atmosphere (20-90km: A CUJO study involving TOMS, MetO and MF radar data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Chshyolkova

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The atmospheric coupling due to Planetary Waves (PW in the middle atmosphere (20-90km has been studied using TOMS, MetO and MFR data. The wavelet and wave number analyses have been applied to all parameters at five CUJO (Canada US Japan Opportunity locations. The CUJO network covers latitudes of 31-52° N and longitudes from 81° W to 142° E, and allows for the assessment of longitudinal variability. The results of temporal and spectral comparisons show that the total ozone (TOMS and MetO temperatures at low stratospheric heights (typically 100mbar have high values of correlation as well as similar spectral content. The eastward motions dominate at low stratospheric heights (100mbar, while westward motions became comparable or even stronger in the upper stratosphere (0.46mbar. During the summer months a reduction of PW activity has been observed in the stratosphere, especially at its upper heights, and in the upper middle atmosphere. The MetO (0.32mbar, 55km and MFR winds (circa 60km are in good general agreement, especially for the zonal component. Several examples of planetary wave activity at different atmospheric levels throughout the middle atmosphere have been presented. These examples include an eastward propagating 15-day disturbance with wave number 6, that has been observed only at low stratospheric heights; long-period (20-30 days oscillations with wave number ~1 that have been detected in a wide height range (20-90km; and an oscillation with period near 16 days that was found only at mesospheric heights.

  5. Prevalência de enteroparisitos na populaçao urbana de São Tomé - RN - estudo comparativo de um decênio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Moreira Campos

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando a obtenção de variáveis relacionadas aos fatores sócio-econômicos e sanitários no período de dez (10 anos, os autores colheram resultados sobre a prevalência de enteroparasitas na população urbana de São Tomé, Rio Grande do Norte, cujos dados foram coletados entre 09 a 27 de julho de 1979, empregando o método da sedimentação espontânea (Hoffmann, Pons e Janer, através de exames realizados em 826 amostras de fezes, com uma positividade de565 para as diversas parasitoses intestinais e correspondendo a uma prevalência de 68,4% em função das condições ambientais que, embora melhoradas, concorrem no processo de disseminação de helmintoses e protozooses, além de outras patologias.In view of socio-economic and sanitary changes during ten (10 years, the authors gathered data on the prevaíence of enteroparasites in the urban population of São Tomé, Rio Grande do Norte. They collected from July 9 to July 27, 1979, 826 faecal samples which they examined using the spontaneous sedimentation method (Hoffmann, Pons, and Janer. 565 were positive for the various intestinal parasites, corresponding to a prevaíence of 68,4%. Although environmetal conditions have improved, they still contributed to the dissemination intestinal protozoal and helminthic infections.

  6. The enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) Map effector is imported into the mitochondrial matrix by the TOM/Hsp70 system and alters organelle morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papatheodorou, Panagiotis; Domańska, Grazyna; Oxle, Marius; Mathieu, Johannes; Selchow, Olaf; Kenny, Brendan; Rassow, Joachim

    2006-04-01

    Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a human intestinal pathogen and a major cause of diarrhoea, particularly among infants in developing countries. EPEC target the Map and EspF multifunctional effector proteins to host mitochondria - organelles that play crucial roles in regulating cellular processes such as programmed cell death (apoptosis). While both molecules interfere with the organelles ability to maintain a membrane potential, EspF plays the predominant role and is responsible for triggering cell death. To learn more about the Map-mitochondria interaction, we studied Map localization to mitochondria with purified mitochondria (from mammalian and yeast cells) and within intact yeast. This revealed that (i) Map targeting is dependent on the predicted N-terminal mitochondrial targeting sequence, (ii) the N-terminal 44 residues are sufficient to target proteins to mitochondria and (iii) Map import involves the mitochondrial outer membrane translocase (Tom22 and Tom40), the mitochondrial membrane potential, and the matrix chaperone, mtHsp70. These results are consistent with Map import into the mitochondria matrix via the classical import mechanism. As all known, Map-associated phenotypes in mammalian cells are independent of mitochondrial targeting, this may indicate that import serves as a mechanism to remove Map from the cytoplasm thereby regulating cytoplasmic function. Intriguingly, Map, but not EspF, alters mitochondrial morphology with deletion analysis revealing important roles for residues 101-152. Changes in mitochondrial morphology have been linked to alterations in the ability of these organelles to regulate cellular processes providing a possible additional role for Map import into mitochondria.

  7. TOMS Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSEPL3mtoz) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe Total Column Ozone Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total Ozone Mapping...

  8. TOMS Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSN7L3dref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  9. TOMS Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSN7L3mref) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV Reflectivity Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The Total Ozone Mapping...

  10. TOMS Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSEPL3mery) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format.The...

  11. OMI/Aura TOMS-Like Ozone, Aerosol Index, Cloud Radiance Fraction L3 1 day 1 degree x 1 degree V3 (OMTO3d) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The OMI science team produces this Level-3 daily global TOMS-Like Total Column Ozone gridded product OMTO3d (1 deg Lat/Lon grids). The OMTO3d product is produced by...

  12. TOMS Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSEPL3dery) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Earth Probe UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Daily L3 Global 1x1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format.The Total...

  13. TOMS Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid V008 (TOMSN7L3mery) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data product contains TOMS/Nimbus-7 UV-B Erythemal Local Noon Irradiance Monthly L3 Global 1 deg x 1.25 deg Lat/Lon Grid Version 8 data in ASCII format. The...

  14. Potential threat of malaria epidemics in a low transmission area, as exemplified by São Tomé and Príncipe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rampao Herodes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Plasmodium falciparum is the major cause of malaria infection in the island of São Tomé, in the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (STP, with an incidence of 40 - 50% before 2004. Since 2004, through the coordination of the Ministry of Health of STP and their Centro Nacional de Endemias (CNE, an integrated malaria control programme has been intensively deployed on the island of São Tomé. Malaria morbidity and mortality decreased by 95% after three years of effective intervention. In the low transmission settings, however, malaria seasonal fluctuation can be a potential problem directly related to epidemics if ongoing control measures are interrupted. Studies on a number of associated factors with malaria epidemics and the measures taken to respond to outbreaks are presented. Methods The integrated malaria control programme included indoor residual spraying (IRS, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs, intermittent preventive therapy for pregnant women, as well as early diagnosis and prompt treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT. Regular implementation of an island-wide IRS programme was carried out yearly in 2004-2007, and enhanced throughout the island in 2009. Malaria incidence and prevalence were estimated based on passive case detection and mass screening, respectively. Slide positivity rates were used for monitoring the beginning of a malaria epidemic or a seasonal peak. Results A steep decline of ca. 95% of malaria morbidity and mortality was observed between 2004 and 2008 with use of the combined control methods. Malaria incidence was 2.0%, 1.5%, and 3.0% for 2007, 2008, and 2009, respectively. In April 2008, a cross-sectional country-wide surveillance showed malaria prevalence of 3.5%, of which 95% cases were asymptomatic carriers. Only 50% of asymptomatic carriers were cured with ACT treatment, while 90% of the symptomatic patients were cured by ACT treatment as confirmed with a follow up

  15. Wave activity (planetary, tidal) throughout the middle atmosphere (20-100km) over the CUJO network: Satellite (TOMS) and Medium Frequency (MF) radar observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manson, A. H.; Meek, C. E.; Chshyolkova, T.; Avery, S. K.; Thorsen, D.; MacDougall, J. W.; Hocking, W.; Murayama, Y.; Igarashi, K.

    2005-02-01

    Planetary and tidal wave activity in the tropopause-lower stratosphere and mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) is studied using combinations of ground-based (GB) and satellite instruments (2000-2002). The relatively new MFR (medium frequency radar) at Platteville (40° N, 105° W) has provided the opportunity to create an operational network of middle-latitude MFRs, stretching from 81° W-142° E, which provides winds and tides 70-100km. CUJO (Canada U.S. Japan Opportunity) comprises systems at London (43° N, 81° W), Platteville (40° N, 105° W), Saskatoon (52° N, 107° W), Wakkanai (45° N, 142° E) and Yamagawa (31° N, 131° E). It offers a significant 7000-km longitudinal sector in the North American-Pacific region, and a useful range of latitudes (12-14°) at two longitudes. Satellite data mainly involve the daily values of the total ozone column measured by the Earth Probe (EP) TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) and provide a measure of tropopause-lower stratospheric planetary wave activity, as well as ozone variability. Climatologies of ozone and winds/tides involving frequency versus time (wavelet) contour plots for periods from 2-d to 30-d and the interval from mid 2000 to 2002, show that the changes with altitude, longitude and latitude are very significant and distinctive. Geometric-mean wavelets for the region of the 40° N MFRs demonstrate occasions during the autumn, winter and spring months when there are similarities in the spectral features of the lower atmosphere and at mesopause (85km) heights. Both direct planetary wave (PW) propagation into the MLT, nonlinear PW-tide interactions, and disturbances in MLT tides associated with fluctuations in the ozone forcing are considered to be possible coupling processes. The complex horizontal wave numbers of the longer period oscillations are provided in frequency contour plots for the TOMS satellite data to demonstrate the differences between lower atmospheric and MLT wave motions and their

  16. Wave activity (planetary, tidal throughout the middle atmosphere (20-100km over the CUJO network: Satellite (TOMS and Medium Frequency (MF radar observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Manson

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Planetary and tidal wave activity in the tropopause-lower stratosphere and mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT is studied using combinations of ground-based (GB and satellite instruments (2000-2002. The relatively new MFR (medium frequency radar at Platteville (40° N, 105° W has provided the opportunity to create an operational network of middle-latitude MFRs, stretching from 81° W-142° E, which provides winds and tides 70-100km. CUJO (Canada U.S. Japan Opportunity comprises systems at London (43° N, 81° W, Platteville (40° N, 105° W, Saskatoon (52° N, 107° W, Wakkanai (45° N, 142° E and Yamagawa (31° N, 131° E. It offers a significant 7000-km longitudinal sector in the North American-Pacific region, and a useful range of latitudes (12-14° at two longitudes. Satellite data mainly involve the daily values of the total ozone column measured by the Earth Probe (EP TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and provide a measure of tropopause-lower stratospheric planetary wave activity, as well as ozone variability. Climatologies of ozone and winds/tides involving frequency versus time (wavelet contour plots for periods from 2-d to 30-d and the interval from mid 2000 to 2002, show that the changes with altitude, longitude and latitude are very significant and distinctive. Geometric-mean wavelets for the region of the 40° N MFRs demonstrate occasions during the autumn, winter and spring months when there are similarities in the spectral features of the lower atmosphere and at mesopause (85km heights. Both direct planetary wave (PW propagation into the MLT, nonlinear PW-tide interactions, and disturbances in MLT tides associated with fluctuations in the ozone forcing are considered to be possible coupling processes. The complex horizontal wave numbers of the longer period oscillations are provided in frequency contour plots for the TOMS satellite data to demonstrate the differences between lower atmospheric and MLT wave motions and their

  17. Wave activity (planetary, tidal throughout the middle atmosphere (20-100km over the CUJO network: Satellite (TOMS and Medium Frequency (MF radar observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Manson

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Planetary and tidal wave activity in the tropopause-lower stratosphere and mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT is studied using combinations of ground-based (GB and satellite instruments (2000-2002. The relatively new MFR (medium frequency radar at Platteville (40° N, 105° W has provided the opportunity to create an operational network of middle-latitude MFRs, stretching from 81° W-142° E, which provides winds and tides 70-100km. CUJO (Canada U.S. Japan Opportunity comprises systems at London (43° N, 81° W, Platteville (40° N, 105° W, Saskatoon (52° N, 107° W, Wakkanai (45° N, 142° E and Yamagawa (31° N, 131° E. It offers a significant 7000-km longitudinal sector in the North American-Pacific region, and a useful range of latitudes (12-14° at two longitudes. Satellite data mainly involve the daily values of the total ozone column measured by the Earth Probe (EP TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and provide a measure of tropopause-lower stratospheric planetary wave activity, as well as ozone variability.

    Climatologies of ozone and winds/tides involving frequency versus time (wavelet contour plots for periods from 2-d to 30-d and the interval from mid 2000 to 2002, show that the changes with altitude, longitude and latitude are very significant and distinctive. Geometric-mean wavelets for the region of the 40° N MFRs demonstrate occasions during the autumn, winter and spring months when there are similarities in the spectral features of the lower atmosphere and at mesopause (85km heights. Both direct planetary wave (PW propagation into the MLT, nonlinear PW-tide interactions, and disturbances in MLT tides associated with fluctuations in the ozone forcing are considered to be possible coupling processes. The complex horizontal wave numbers of the longer period oscillations are provided in frequency contour plots for the TOMS satellite data to demonstrate the differences between lower atmospheric

  18. Inseguridad ciudadana y diferenciación social en el nivel microbarrial: el caso del sector Santo Tomás, Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Lunecke

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En la periferia de la ciudad de Santiago se observan zonas de viviendas sociales que se caracterizan por una alta concentración de precariedades económicas y materiales, segregación espacial, procesos de debilitamiento del tejido comunitario y altos niveles de inseguridad, esto último por la presencia de grupos vinculados a la criminalidad. En tal contexto, a partir de una investigación realizada en el sector Santo Tomás de la zona sur de Santiago de Chile, se analiza cómo incide en los procesos de debilitamiento del tejido social, la percepción de inseguridad asociada al delito y la violencia, en un medio de pobreza guetizada. Para ello se pone énfasis en las prácticas discursivas de los vecinos, las que dan cuenta de los juicios de valor existentes respecto de "lo peligroso" y "lo desviado". Se discute cómo dichos juicios refuerzan las dinámicas de distinción social existentes en el nivel micro barrial y se alimentan de ellas.

  19. Atmospheric heating due to carbonaceous aerosol in northern Australia—confidence limits based on TOMS aerosol index and sun-photometer data

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, D. M.; Mitchell, R. M.

    The aerosol index (AI) derived from backscattered UV radiances measured by the total ozone mapping spectrometer (TOMS) provides global coverage spanning nearly 20 years. Published maps of significant global sources of UV-absorbing aerosol produced from AI do not include northern Australia, despite the extensive grass fires that persist throughout the dry season, a result that could be interpreted to mean that radiative heating by smoke in northern Australia is not significant. In this paper, we show that such is not the case. The radiative heating is intense, persists throughout most of the dry season, and is likely to moderate the local climate. Numerical simulations to determine confidence limits for radiative heating based solely on AI data show that large uncertainties remain, because AI does not characterize either the vertical distribution or optical properties of aerosol uniquely. However, when AI is combined with sun-photometer observations of aerosol optical depth (AOD) at Jabiru in Kakadu National Park, the uncertainty is reduced markedly. Analysis of the combined data sets shows that moderate amounts of aerosol (with AOD≈0.5) persist throughout September and October. The associated radiative heating cannot be neglected, even in comparison with the heating produced by water vapour. The dominant sources of uncertainty, namely, the single-scattering albedo and the vertical distribution of the aerosol, are quantified. Simulations show that the uncertainty may be reduced significantly if sun-photometer and AI data are analyzed in conjunction with LIDAR data to determine the vertical distribution of aerosol.

  20. Prevalência de enteroparisitos na populaçao urbana de São Tomé - RN - estudo comparativo de um decênio

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    Carlos Alberto Moreira Campos

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando a obtenção de variáveis relacionadas aos fatores sócio-econômicos e sanitários no período de dez (10 anos, os autores colheram resultados sobre a prevalência de enteroparasitas na população urbana de São Tomé, Rio Grande do Norte, cujos dados foram coletados entre 09 a 27 de julho de 1979, empregando o método da sedimentação espontânea (Hoffmann, Pons e Janer, através de exames realizados em 826 amostras de fezes, com uma positividade de565 para as diversas parasitoses intestinais e correspondendo a uma prevalência de 68,4% em função das condições ambientais que, embora melhoradas, concorrem no processo de disseminação de helmintoses e protozooses, além de outras patologias.

  1. Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Kemp, John P; Dimou, Niki L; Kreiner, Eskil; Chesi, Alessandra; Zemel, Babette S; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Boer, Cindy G; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S; Bisgaard, Hans; Evangelou, Evangelos; Heppe, Denise H M; Bonewald, Lynda F; Gorski, Jeffrey P; Ghanbari, Mohsen; Demissie, Serkalem; Duque, Gustavo; Maurano, Matthew T; Kiel, Douglas P; Hsu, Yi-Hsiang; C J van der Eerden, Bram; Ackert-Bicknell, Cheryl; Reppe, Sjur; Gautvik, Kaare M; Raastad, Truls; Karasik, David; van de Peppel, Jeroen; Jaddoe, Vincent W V; Uitterlinden, André G; Tobias, Jonathan H; Grant, Struan F A; Bagos, Pantelis G; Evans, David M; Rivadeneira, Fernando

    2017-07-25

    Bone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body less head bone mineral density (TBLH-BMD) regions in 10,414 children. The estimated SNP heritability is 43% (95% CI: 34-52%) for TBLH-BMD, and 39% (95% CI: 30-48%) for TB-LM, with a shared genetic component of 43% (95% CI: 29-56%). We identify variants with pleiotropic effects in eight loci, including seven established bone mineral density loci: WNT4, GALNT3, MEPE, CPED1/WNT16, TNFSF11, RIN3, and PPP6R3/LRP5. Variants in the TOM1L2/SREBF1 locus exert opposing effects TB-LM and TBLH-BMD, and have a stronger association with the former trait. We show that SREBF1 is expressed in murine and human osteoblasts, as well as in human muscle tissue. This is the first bivariate GWAS meta-analysis to demonstrate genetic factors with pleiotropic effects on bone mineral density and lean mass.Bone mineral density and lean skeletal mass are heritable traits. Here, Medina-Gomez and colleagues perform bivariate GWAS analyses of total body lean mass and bone mass density in children, and show genetic loci with pleiotropic effects on both traits.

  2. Valor inerente e vulnerabilidade: critérios éticos não-especistas na perspectiva de Tom Regan

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    Sônia T. Felipe

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2009v8n1p147Seres vivos de todas as espécies têm sido considerados objetos de propriedade, passíveis de serem explorados para atender aos desejos, fantasias e necessidades humanas. Filósofos morais utilitaristas, a exemplo de Peter Singer, propõem princípios éticos para definir os limites da liberdade humana em relação a todos os seres sencientes. Mas, o critério da senciência, no caso da formulação de uma ética ambiental genuína, não pode ser aplicado à natureza ambiental, nem mesmo a todos os seres vivos, exceto aos mamíferos e aves. Neste artigo, reconstituo os argumentos de Tom Regan para fundamentar a ética animal e os critérios necessários, na perspectiva desse filósofo moral, para a fundamentação de uma ética ambiental.

  3. Y-chromosome lineages in São Tomé e Príncipe islands: evidence of European influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Rita; Spínola, Hélder; Brehm, António

    2007-01-01

    The Y-chromosome haplogroup composition of the population of São Tomé e Príncipe (STP) archipelago was analyzed using 25 biallelic markers and compared with populations of different origins from Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Two main Y-chromosome haplogroups were found: E3a, very common among sub-Saharans accounts for 84.2% of the paternal lineages and R1b, typical of West Eurasia, represents 8.7% of the overall male population. Nevertheless, we detected in the population of STP a significant heterogeneous distribution of R1b among the two main ethnic groups of the archipelago: Forros (10.3%) and Angolares (6.6%). Together, haplogroups known to be prevalent in West Eurasia reach 12.5% of the chromosomes analyzed unequally distributed among the two groups: Forros present 17.7% while Angolares display only 8.2% of west Eurasian haplogroups. Our findings suggest that, despite its sub-Saharan genetic background, a relevant contribution of European paternal lineages is present in nowadays STP population. This influence has shown to be stronger in Forros than in Angolares, which could be explained by the social isolation that these have last experienced through their history. Copyright 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  4. Identification of multiple PEPC isogenes in leaves of the facultative Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plant Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln. cv. Tom Thumb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehrig, H; Taybi, T; Kluge, M; Brulfert, J

    1995-12-27

    In the facultative Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) plant Kulanchoe blossfeldiana cv. Tom Thumb, CAM can be induced by short-day treatment or water deficiency stress. From young leaves of well-watered and water-stressed individuals of this plant, cDNA clones coding for a partial sequence of the key enzyme of CAM, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, were isolated after transcription of mRNA. cDNA polymorphism was established by enzyme restriction profiles and sequencing data. Four PEPC isogenes could be shown to exist in K. blossfeldiana forming two gene pairs, with 95%-98% homology inside and only 75% between the pairs. One cDNA sequence pair having a length of 1113 bp and an open reading frame of 371 AA was identified as PEPC isoform specific for the C3 state, whereas the pair having a length of 1116 bp and an open reading frame of 372 AA could be attributed to the CAM state. These results were confirmed by Southern Blot hybridization.

  5. La ratio legis en la teología de Suarez y Santo Tomás: Una propuesta de comparación

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    Sebastián Contreras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo intenta profundizar en las nociones de ley de dos de los más importantes teólogos escolásticos:Tomás de Aquino y Francisco Suárez. Sabemos que el Eximio pretende dar sentido e inteligencia a las palabras del Aquinatense. Usualmente se ha marcado el voluntarismo y distancia que toma Suárez con respecto a la teologia del Maestro Angélico, motivo por el cual hemos querido bosquejar una posible continuidad entre ambos doctores de la teologia escolástica: todo a partir del análisis del concepto de imperium.This paper tries deeper into the notions of law of two of the most important scholastics: Aquinas and Suarez. We know that Suarez tries give sense and intelligence at the Aquinas' words. Usually we mark the voluntarism and the distance that Suarez takes over the Aquinas' theology; for this we wanted outline a possible continuity between the two doctors of scholastic theology: everything from the analysis of the concept of imperium.

  6. 'Semicreolization'? – The restructured Portuguese of the Tongas of São Tomé, a consequence of L1 acquisition in a special contact situation

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    Alan Baxter

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses aspects of language transmission among the Tongas of São Tomé, the descendants of indentured Africans, on the Monte Café plantation where restructured Portuguese developed alongside an Umbundu-based koiné. It considers the sociohistorical context of language acquisition and transmission, and the role of Portuguese L2 influence in primary linguistic data (PLD for L1 acquisition in this speech community. In the Tonga Portuguese of a first generation born to African parents, these processes gave rise to broad restructuring relative to (i agreement rules (number, gender, and subject-verb, (ii verb and tense and aspect marking, (iii the signalling of definite and indefinite reference, and (iv negation. These restructurings constitute a variable set resembling, in form and function, structures found in varieties of Creole Portuguese. However, the consequences in Tonga Portuguese are only slight in comparison, so the language appears to have been partially creolized. The motivation for restructuring is viewed both from DeGraff’s perspective of a Universal Grammar approach to acquisition and creolization, stressing the quality of PLD and its role in yielding unmarked structures, and from the perspective of Bantu substrate influence. Finally, discussion turns to Holm’s notion of ‘semi-creole’ and the validity of classifying Tonga Portuguese in these terms.

  7. El Atlas Geográfico de España de Tomás López: Análisis mediante SIG de las poblaciones del «Reyno de Jaén» (1787)

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez García, Josefina; Manzano Augliario, Francisco; San Antonio Gomez, Jose Carlos de

    2012-01-01

    El catastro es el inventario de la riqueza de un país, los primeros avances en este sentido fueron identificar las poblaciones existentes y su ubicación geográfica. En este trabajo se analiza el trabajo del cartógrafo Tomás López, primero enmarcando su vida y obra, y posteriormente se analiza Atlas Geográfico de España (AGE) de Tomás López en su edición de 1804 y en concreto la hoja n.º 64 correspondiente al Reyno de Jaén y cuya elaboración data de 1787. Para ello se propone una metodología d...

  8. Tomás de Aquino, Anselmo de Canterbury e a crítica da razão teológica = Aquinas and Anselm: a critique of theological reason

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    Jean Lauand

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 2009 se comemorou o 9º. centenário da morte de S. Anselmo (1033-1109. O artigo examina sua proposta de Teologia como ciência em contraste com a de Tomás de Aquino (1125-1274: as “rationes necessariae” anselmianas - no caso da Teologia da Redenção no "Cur Deus Homo?" - são confrontadas com as do Aquinate, contextualizadas pelo quadro geral do pensamento de Tomás.Nine hundred years after the death of Anselm of Canterbury, this article examines his idea of Theology as a science in contrast with Aquinas’s analysis of the same subject: the “rationes necessariae” ofAnselm – in Theology of Redemption in his work “Cur Deus Homo?” – are compared with the reasons of Thomas Aquinas, who emphasizes the liberty of God.

  9. O nível de complexidade da alma humana: tradução e comentários de um texto de Tomás de Aquino

    OpenAIRE

    Amatuzzi, Mauro Martins

    2017-01-01

    Este trabalho apresenta uma tradução do primeiro artigo da Questão Disputada de Tomás de Aquino Sobre a Alma (QD de Anima, art.1), seguida de comentários. O problema discutido diz respeito a como conciliar a concepção da alma humana como algo subsistente com a concepção segundo a qual ela é apenas a estrutura do organismo físico. Este problema põe em confronto um monismo materialista com um dualismo espiritualista. Tomás de Aquino retém a intuição subjacente de cada uma dessas posições mas nã...

  10. Proyección científica de las ideas de Tomás Romay sobre la vacuna de la viruela en la inclusa madrileña

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    Ramírez Martín, Susana María

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about scientific and medical activities of Dr Tomás Romay Chacón. He was a pioneer of the fight agianst smallpox in America. We present here a breef biography of Dr. Romay and a document about vaccination against smallpox in La Habana.

    En el artículo se pone de manifiesto la trayectoria científica y médica del Dr. Tomás Romay y Chacón. Este médico habanero es un ejemplo de lucha contra las viruelas en América. Su actividad científica no se limitó a la isla de Cuba, sino que su saber llegó hasta la Inclusa Madrileña. A esta institución benéfica llegaron sus escritos en el año 1813.

  11. PREFACE: Polycrystal Modelling with Experimental Integration: A Symposium Honoring Carlos Tomé (San Diego, CA, USA, February 27-March 3 2011) Polycrystal Modelling with Experimental Integration: A Symposium Honoring Carlos Tomé (San Diego, CA, USA, February 27-March 3 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebensohn, Ricardo A.

    2012-03-01

    This special issue contains selected contributions from invited speakers to the 'Polycrystal Modelling with Experimental Integration: A Symposium Honoring Carlos Tomé', held as part of the 2011 TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, that took place on February 27-March 3, 2011 in San Diego, CA, USA. This symposium honored the remarkable contributions of Dr Carlos N Tomé to the field of mechanical behavior of polycrystalline materials, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Throughout his career, Dr Tomé has pioneered the theoretical and numerical development of models of polycrystal mechanical behavior, with emphasis on the role played by texture and microstructure on the anisotropic behavior of engineering materials. His many contributions have been critical in establishing a strong connection between models and experiments, and in bridging different scales in the pursuit of robust multiscale models with experimental integration. Among his achievements, the numerical codes that Dr Tomé and co-workers have developed are extensively used in the materials science and engineering community as predictive tools for parameter identification, interpretation of experiments, and multiscale calculations in academia, national laboratories and industry. The symposium brought together materials scientists and engineers to address current theoretical, computational and experimental issues related to microstructure-property relationships in polycrystalline materials deforming in different regimes, including the effects of single crystal anisotropy, texture and microstructure evolution. Synergetic studies, involving different crystal plasticity-based models, including multiscale implementations of the latter, and measurements of global and local textures, internal strains, dislocation structures, twinning, phase distribution, etc, were discussed in more than 90 presentations. The papers in this issue are representative of the different length-scales, materials, and experimental and

  12. [Ressenya del llibre] Enrique García Santo-Tomás. La musa refractada: Literatura y óptica en la España del Barroco

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Ruiz, Mariona

    2016-01-01

    Ressenya del llibre d'Enrique García Santo-Tomás, titulat 'La musa refractada: Literatura y óptica en la España del Barroco', publicat l'any 2015 a Madrid per Iberoamericana-Vervuert, a la col·lecció 'Tiempo emulado. Historia de América y España', núm. 35

  13. O papel do sistema pecuário familiar na qualidade de vida dos agricultores-criadores das comunidades Monte Macaco e Santa Margarida - Ilha de São Tomé The paper of familiar pecuniary system in the life quality of: livestock smallholders of Monte Macaco and Santa Margarida comunities - São Tomé Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Filipe Bandeira Bonfim

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo visa levantar problemas prioritários e propor estratégias e acções que o sistema pecuário familiar pode desempenhar para redução da pobreza e melhoria da qualidade de vida das Comunidades Monte Macaco e Santa Margarida na Ilha de São Tomé. Não é conclusivo, mas aponta como principal causa das dificuldades a falta de dinheiro para fazer face a problemas sanitários, de alojamento e de alimentação para animais, situação agravada pelo roubo destes e mau funcionamento das Associações. A discussão sobre as causas levou à proposta de soluções tendentes a ultrapassar as dificuldades. Os agricultores-criadores propõem a elaboração de um projecto de intervenção para melhorar o sistema e a qualidade de vida. Nesse sentido, o estudo sugere realização de uma oficina comunitária, planeamento participativo e um inquérito formal concomitante.The study aimed to identify main problems and find out strategies and actions to be taken by livestock smallholders to reduce poverty and improve quality of life of Monte Macaco and Santa Margarida Comunities of São Tomé Island. Although it is inconclusive, the result shows that lack of fïnancing support to invest on animal health, housing and feeding is the main constraint for livestock smalholders production and it becomes worst due to animal robbery and weakness of Comunnity Associations. Discussion about causes led to the proposal of actions to overcome difficulties. Livestock smallholders suggested an intervention project to enhance the system and the quality of life. In this sense, there should be workshops, leading to the participative planning of Community and based on formal surveys.

  14. Frequency of the CCR5-delta32 mutation in the Atlantic island populations of Madeira, the Azores, Cabo Verde, and São Tomé e Príncipe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Tamira; Brehm, António; Fernandes, Ana Teresa

    2006-12-01

    There is evidence that the CCR5-delta32 mutation confers protection against HIV-1 infection to homozygous individuals. It is believed that this mutation spread through Europe with the Vikings and that it has been subjected to positive selection, leading to a high frequency in Europe (approximately 10%). We carried out the present study to determine the 32-bp deletion allele and genotype frequencies of the CCR5 gene (CCR5-delta32) in the Atlantic island populations of Madeira, the Azores, Cabo Verde, and São Tomé e Principe. These Atlantic archipelagos were all colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th and 16th centuries, but the latter two received most of their settlers from the West African coast. The frequency of the CCR5-delta32 mutation varies between 0% in São Tomé e Príncipe and 16.5% in the Azores. The Azores Islands have one of the highest frequencies of homozygotes found in Europe (4.8%). There are significant differences (P < 0.05) between some of these populations, for example, between São Tomé e Príncipe and Cabo Verde, and even within populations (e.g., Portugal, Madeira, and the Azores).

  15. Sindérese, o intellectus principiorum da razão prática segundo Tomás de Aquino = Synderesis, the intellectus principiorum of practical reason according to Thomas Aquinas

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    Abertuni, Carlos Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma investigação sobre a teoria dos primeiros princípios da razão prática na obra de Tomás de Aquino. No centro dessa teoria está o termo “sindérese”, cujo conteúdo foi elaborado nas discussões da filosofia e da teologia medievais, a partir de sua menção na Glosa de Jerônimo a Ezequiel. Tal termo designa um conceito que apresenta um caráter inovador dentro da teoria da ação moral em comparação com a ética aristotélica. Afinal, Tomás de Aquino o entende como o hábito dos primeiros princípios da moral, equivalente ao hábito dos primeiros princípios teóricos de Aristóteles. Dessa forma, o interesse é compreender como o conceito de sindérese é recebido e desenvolvido na filosofia moral de Tomás de Aquino através da análise das três questões tradicionais: de sua natureza, de sua infalibilidade e de sua extinção

  16. ʻWhere danger is, there rescue growsʼ: Technology, Time, and Dromology in Tom McCarthy’s C

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    Joakim Wrethed

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available On one level, Tom McCarthy’s 'C' comes out as a postmodern intertextual patchwork that borrows the form of the 'Bildungsroman'. Accordingly, the protagonist Serge travels from birth to death in a forthrightly chronological narrative, but that journey is accompanied by the fact that the text’s modernist historical context is partly embedded in a posthuman and postmodern ontology. Technologically speaking, this version of modernity displays itself as 'technē', both in terms of artistic creation and as technology innovation (the radio transmitter, the car, the aeroplane, the cinema. Moreover, the novel equates technology with dromology (from Gr. 'dromos': race course dealing with increasing speed as economic and political advantage, but it also reveals its human downside in terms of disaster (war, car crash, aeroplane crash. Through the protagonist, C forwards technology as death drive and the human as always already being 'ahuman' ('technē' as primordial attribute of 'bios'. In terms of time, the narrative seemingly incarnates the occidental obsession with teleology and eschatology. This article goes through these dimensions, but in addition it contends that there is another level at work in the narrative. Considered as artistically rendered philosophical cognition, the novel puts forth the Stoic 'apathea' (equanimity, Husserlian flux, and anachronistic temporality as giving way to a peculiar kind of faith. This is closely tied to the artistic creativity of 'technē', including the activity of writing, which rescues a form of transcendence from conventional postmodern elimination. Dominant discourses of technology and time—apocalyptic and utopian—are challenged in this reading.

  17. Phenolic characterization and variability in leaves, stems and roots of Micro-Tom and patio tomatoes, in response to nitrogen limitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larbat, Romain; Paris, Cédric; Le Bot, Jacques; Adamowicz, Stéphane

    2014-07-01

    Phenolics are implicated in the defence strategies of many plant species rendering their concentration increase of putative practical interest in the field of crop protection. Little attention has been given to the nature, concentration and distribution of phenolics within vegetative organs of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum. L) as compared to fruits. In this study, we extensively characterized the phenolics in leaves, stems and roots of nine tomato cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS(n)) and assessed the impact of low nitrogen (LN) availability on their accumulation. Thirty-one phenolics from the four sub-classes, hydroxycinnamoyl esters, flavonoids, anthocyanins and phenolamides were identified, five of which had not previously been reported in these tomato organs. A higher diversity and concentration of phenolics was found in leaves than in stems and roots. The qualitative distribution of these compounds between plant organs was similar for the nine cultivars with the exception of Micro-Tom because of its significantly higher phenolic concentrations in leaves and stems as compared to roots. With few exceptions, the influence of the LN treatment on the three organs of all cultivars was to increase the concentrations of hydroxycinnamoyl esters, flavonoids and anthocyanins and to decrease those of phenolamides. This impact of LN was greater in roots than in leaves and stems. Nitrogen nutrition thus appears as a means of modulating the concentration and composition of organ phenolics and their distribution within the whole plant. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Imagen de Hugo Chávez y su gobierno: Tomás Eloy Martínez, Mario Vargas Llosa y Carlos Fuentes

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    Antonio Casella

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El 2002 puede ser considerado un año crítico en la vida política venezolana. La promulgación inconsulta de más de 40 leyes por parte del Poder Ejecutivo a finales del año 2001 inició una sucesión de hechos que concluyeron en una huelga general que se inició en diciembre de 2002 y se suspendió al año siguiente. Estos hechos produjeron opiniones en todo el mundo. Entre tales opiniones encontramos la de tres renombrados escritores latinoamericanos: Tomás Eloy Martínez, Mario Vargas Llosa y Carlos Fuentes. El presente trabajo intenta reconstruir a partir del análisis semántico - pragmático la imagen que estos escritores poseían de Hugo Chávez y de su gobierno para ese momento. El corpus analizado lo constituyen el artículo de opinión La soga al cuello, del primer escritor mencionado; la charla titulada ¿Por qué fracasa América Latina? dictada por Vargas Llosa y una declaración de prensa ofrecida por Carlos Fuentes en Barcelona España y que el periodista tituló Carlos Fuentes no aboga por una salida militar. Estos textos fueron producidos en tres momentos diferentes de ese año y por lo tanto responden de una u otra forma a los momentos específicos en los que se produjeron.

  19. Carbon isotope composition of intermediates of the starch-malate sequence and level of the crassulacean acid metabolism in leaves of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Tom Thumb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deleens, E; Garnier-Dardart, J; Queiroz, O

    1979-09-01

    Isotype analyses were performed on biochemical fractions isolated from leaves of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Tom Thumb. during aging under long days or short days. Irrespective of the age or photoperiodic conditions, the intermediates of the starch-malate sequence (starch, phosphorylated compounds and organic acids) have a level of (13)C higher than that of soluble sugars, cellulose and hemicellulose. In short days, the activity of the crassulacean acid metabolism pathway is predominant as compared to that of C3 pathway: leaves accumulate organic acids, rich in (13)C. In long days, the activity of the crassulacean acid metabolism pathway increases as the leaves age, remaining, however, relatively low as compared to that of C3 pathway: leaves accumulate soluble sugars, poor in (13)C. After photoperiodic change (long days→short days), isotopic modifications of starch and organic acids suggest evidence for a lag phase in the establishment of the crassulacean acid metabolism pathway specific to short days. The relative proportions of carbon from a C3-origin (RuBPC acitivity as strong discriminating step, isotope discrimination in vivo=20‰) or C4-origin (PEPC activity as weak discriminating step, isotope discrimination in vivo=4‰) present in the biochemical fractions were calculated from their δ(13)C values. Under long days, 30 to 70% versus 80 to 100% under short days, of the carbon of the intermediates linked to the starch-malate sequence, or CAM pathway (starch, phosphorylated compounds and organic acids), have a C4-origin. Products connected to the C3 pathway (free sugars, cellulose, hemicellulose) have 0 to 50% of their carbon, arising from reuptake of the C4 from malate, under long days versus 30 to 70% under short days.

  20. Sistema de Información para el proceso de acreditación de la Universidad Santo Tomás de Tunja

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    Ivan Fernando Fonseca Barinas

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El Sistema de Información para el Proceso de Acreditación de la Universidad Santo Tomás es el esfuerzo de muchas personas que colaboraron en el proyecto de forma permanente, no solo para plantear una solución a la administración de la información generada en el proceso de acreditación, sino también para involucrarse realmente en el mejoramiento continuo de cada facultad y con el compromiso de alcanzar la misión de la institución. El presente trabajo detalla cómo en la etapa de diseño se modeló la realidad del proceso de acreditación con la ayuda de diferentes diagramas: diagrama arquitectónico, diagrama entidad relación y el diagrama de clases que encapsula la lógica del negocio. Al concluir el diseño se inició la tarea de implementar el sistema, para esto se utilizó el patrón Modelo Vista Controlador. En el modelo se creó la base de datos con sus tablas y atributos, así como también se crearon las clases utilizando la arquitectura JEE. Para la vista se manejó el framework de ICEfaces buscando una interfaz amigable con componentes ricos que ayudan al usuario a trabajar fácilmente en la aplicación.

  1. Real-time PCR assay for distinguishing Frankliniella occidentalis and Thrips palmi Arnika Przybylska, Żaneta Fiedler, Aleksandra Obrępalska-Stęplowska.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przybylska, Arnika; Fiedler, Żaneta; Frąckowiak, Patryk; Obrępalska-Stęplowska, Aleksandra

    2017-03-01

    Thrips palmi and Frankliniella occidentalis (order Thysanoptera) are thrips species that represent major plant pests. They are polyphagous insects capable of adversely affecting crop production. As such, in the European Union, these thrips species should be regulated as quarantine organisms. T. palmi and F. occidentalis can cause considerable damage to susceptible plants by feeding on them and transmitting several viruses responsible for serious plant diseases. Successful pest control strategies are based on an early, fast, and reliable diagnosis, which precedes the selection of appropriate steps to limit the effects of harmful organisms. We herein describe a novel diagnostic approach that enables the sensitive and species-specific detection (and differentiation) of these pests in a duplex polymerase chain reaction assay, which was adapted for both standard and real-time quantitative assays. Our method is based on the amplification of a 5.8S-internal transcribed spacer 2 ribosomal DNA fragment that is conserved between T. palmi and F. occidentalis.

  2. ASK Talks with Tom Gavin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Thomas R. Gavin joined the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in 1962. Currently the Associate Director of Flight Projects and Mission Success he has garnered a long list of engineering and management positions, including serving as mission assurance manager for both the Voyager and Galileo projects.

  3. Use of TOMS data to quantify the respective impacts of Sahel drought and North Atlantic Oscillation on African dust sources and export over the last two decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulin, C.; Chiapello, I.

    2003-04-01

    Atmospheric wind-blown dust from arid regions of Africa affects the radiative budget over Africa and tropical Atlantic (Li et al., 1996) and likely modifies the regional climate (Alpert et al., 1998). Former studies based on surface measurements (Middleton, 1985; Prospero and Nees, 1986) have shown that emission and transport of African dust have been dramatically increased during the two severe Sahel droughts in early 1970's and 1980's. More recently, Meteosat images have revealed the impact of meteorological conditions, defined by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), on the inter-annual variability of dust export over the tropical North Atlantic (Moulin et al., 1996). Here we use the TOMS Absorbing Aerosol Index archive to monitor dust optical thicknesses over Atlantic and Africa during the last 20 years and to relate its variability to changes in NAO and Sahel drought. The drought impact on dust sources in semi-arid regions of western Sahel is shown to be the primary cause of variability in dust export to the tropical North Atlantic during both winter and summer. The NAO impact on African dust export cannot however be neglected, mainly in summer when it controls the intensity of the largest dust sources in arid regions. Li, X., Maring, H., Savoie, D., Voss, K., and Prospero, J.M., Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light scattering in the North Atlantic Trade Winds. Nature, 380, 416-419 (1996). Alpert, P., Kaufman, Y.J., Shay-El, Y., Tanré, D., Da Silva, A., Schubert, S., and Joseph, Y.H., Quantification of dust-forced heating of the lower troposphere. Nature, 395, 367-370 (1998). Prospero, J.M. and Nees, R.T., Impact of the North African drought and El-Nino on the mineral dust in the Barbados trade winds. Nature, 320, 735-738 (1986). Middleton, N. J. Effect of drought on dust production in the Sahel. Nature, 316, 431-434 (1985). Moulin, C., Lambert, C.E., Dulac, F., and Dayan, U., Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic

  4. Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Enterocytozoon bieneusi and other intestinal parasites in young children in Lobata province, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luísa Lobo

    Full Text Available Rare systemic studies concerning prevalence of intestinal parasites in children have been conducted in the second smallest country in Africa, the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Fecal specimens from 348 children (214 in-hospital attending the Aires de Menezes Hospital and 134 from Agostinho Neto village in São Tome Island were studied by parasitological and molecular methods. Of the 134 children from Agostinho Neto, 52.2% presented intestinal parasites. 32.1% and 20.2% of these children had monoparasitism and polyparasitism, respectively. Ascaris lumbricoides (27.6%, G. duodenalis (7.5%, T. trichiura (4.5% and Entamoeba coli (10.5% were the more frequent species identified in the children of this village. Giardia duodenalis (7.5% and E. bieneusi (5.2% were identified by PCR. Nested-PCR targeting G. duodenalis TPI identified Assemblage A (60% and Assemblage B (40%. The E. bieneusi ITS-based sequence identified genotypes K (57.1%, KIN1 (28.6% and KIN3 (14.3%. Among the 214 in-hospital children, 29.4% presented intestinal parasites. In 22.4% and 7.0% of the parasitized children, respectively, one or more species were concurrently detected. By microscopy, A. lumbricoides (10.3% and Trichiuris trichiura (6.5% were the most prevalent species among these children, and Cryptosporidium was detected by PCR in 8.9% of children. GP60 locus analysis identified 6.5% of C. hominis (subtypes IaA27R3 [35.7%], IaA23R3 [14.3%], IeA11G3T3 [28.6%] and IeA11G3T3R1 [21.4%] and 2.3% of C. parvum (subtypes IIaA16G2R1 [20.0%], IIaA15G2R1 [20.0%], IIdA26G1 [40.0%] and IIdA21G1a [20.0%]. G. duodenalis and E. bieneusi were identified in 0.5% and 8.9% of the in-hospital children, respectively. G. duodenalis Assemblage B was characterized. The E. bieneusi genotypes K (52.6%, D (26.4%, A (10.5% and KIN1 (10.5% were identified. Although further studies are required to clarify the epidemiology of these infectious diseases in this endemic region the significance

  5. Effect of the Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation Estimation Error on Net Primary Production Estimation - A Study with MODIS FPAR and TOMS Ultraviolet Reflective Products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobayashi, H.; Matsunaga, T.; Hoyano, A.

    2002-01-01

    Absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (APAR), which is defined as downward solar radiation in 400-700 nm absorbed by vegetation, is one of the significant variables for Net Primary Production (NPP) estimation from satellite data. Toward the reduction of the uncertainties in the global NPP estimation, it is necessary to clarify the APAR accuracy. In this paper, first we proposed the improved PAR estimation method based on Eck and Dye's method in which the ultraviolet (UV) reflectivity data derived from Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) at the top of atmosphere were used for clouds transmittance estimation. The proposed method considered the variable effects of land surface UV reflectivity on the satellite-observed UV data. Monthly mean PAR comparisons between satellite-derived and ground-based data at various meteorological stations in Japan indicated that the improved PAR estimation method reduced the bias errors in the summer season. Assuming the relative error of the fraction of PAR (FPAR) derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to be 10%, we estimated APAR relative errors to be 10-15%. Annual NPP is calculated using APAR derived from MODIS/ FPAR and the improved PAR estimation method. It is shown that random and bias errors of annual NPP in a 1 km resolution pixel are less than 4% and 6% respectively. The APAR bias errors due to the PAR bias errors also affect the estimated total NPP. We estimated the most probable total annual NPP in Japan by subtracting the bias PAR errors. It amounts about 248 MtC/yr. Using the improved PAR estimation method, and Eck and Dye's method, total annual NPP is 4% and 9% difference from most probable value respectively. The previous intercomparison study among using fifteen NPP models4) showed that global NPP estimations among NPP models are 44.4-66.3 GtC/yr (coefficient of variation = 14%). Hence we conclude that the NPP estimation uncertainty due to APAR estimation error is small

  6. La historia blanqueada: representaciones de los africanos y sus descendientes en Antioquia a través de la obra de Tomás Carrasquilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina del Mar Moreno Tovar

    2010-06-01

    Antioquia y a sus habitantes como correlato exitoso de la asociación entre raza blanca y montañas andinas, en contraste con valoraciones negativas sobre las tierras bajas y pobladores negros. El artículo busca por una parte examinar cuáles fueron los mecanismos de representación de los africanos y sus descendientes en Antioquia, mediante el análisis de la obra literaria de Tomás Carrasquilla y, por otra, evidenciar que esas elaboraciones marginaron los aportes de los africanos y sus descendientes a la historia antioqueña.

  7. Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Enterocytozoon bieneusi and other intestinal parasites in young children in Lobata province, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo, Maria Luísa; Augusto, João; Antunes, Francisco; Ceita, José; Xiao, Lihua; Codices, Vera; Matos, Olga

    2014-01-01

    Rare systemic studies concerning prevalence of intestinal parasites in children have been conducted in the second smallest country in Africa, the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Fecal specimens from 348 children (214 in-hospital attending the Aires de Menezes Hospital and 134 from Agostinho Neto village) in São Tome Island were studied by parasitological and molecular methods. Of the 134 children from Agostinho Neto, 52.2% presented intestinal parasites. 32.1% and 20.2% of these children had monoparasitism and polyparasitism, respectively. Ascaris lumbricoides (27.6%), G. duodenalis (7.5%), T. trichiura (4.5%) and Entamoeba coli (10.5%) were the more frequent species identified in the children of this village. Giardia duodenalis (7.5%) and E. bieneusi (5.2%) were identified by PCR. Nested-PCR targeting G. duodenalis TPI identified Assemblage A (60%) and Assemblage B (40%). The E. bieneusi ITS-based sequence identified genotypes K (57.1%), KIN1 (28.6%) and KIN3 (14.3%). Among the 214 in-hospital children, 29.4% presented intestinal parasites. In 22.4% and 7.0% of the parasitized children, respectively, one or more species were concurrently detected. By microscopy, A. lumbricoides (10.3%) and Trichiuris trichiura (6.5%) were the most prevalent species among these children, and Cryptosporidium was detected by PCR in 8.9% of children. GP60 locus analysis identified 6.5% of C. hominis (subtypes IaA27R3 [35.7%], IaA23R3 [14.3%], IeA11G3T3 [28.6%] and IeA11G3T3R1 [21.4%]) and 2.3% of C. parvum (subtypes IIaA16G2R1 [20.0%], IIaA15G2R1 [20.0%], IIdA26G1 [40.0%] and IIdA21G1a [20.0%]). G. duodenalis and E. bieneusi were identified in 0.5% and 8.9% of the in-hospital children, respectively. G. duodenalis Assemblage B was characterized. The E. bieneusi genotypes K (52.6%), D (26.4%), A (10.5%) and KIN1 (10.5%) were identified. Although further studies are required to clarify the epidemiology of these infectious diseases in this endemic region the significance

  8. Estrutura do componente arbóreo em áreas de cerrado no município de São Tomé das Letras, MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata de Melo Ferreira Lopes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available O município de São Tomé das Letras localiza-se ao sul de Minas Gerais, na bacia do rio Grande, em área de transição entre a Floresta Atlântica e o Cerrado, onde se distinguem também campos rupestres. Possui economia baseada em extrativismo mineral, agropecuária e turismo. Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a estrutura fitossociológica de três áreas de cerrado no município. Foram amostrados 60 pontos-quadrantes por área, tomando-se medidas de altura das árvores e circunferência de tronco (≥ 10 cm à altura do solo. Foram calculados para cada ambiente: densidade de indivíduos, dominância, frequência, área basal, Valor de Importância (VI e diversidade florística (Índice de Shannon, H'. Ao todo, foram identificadas 27 famílias, 36 gêneros e 56 espécies. Eremanthus erythropappus (candeia, Asteraceae foi a espécie de maior Valor de Importância (VI encontrada nas áreas Candeias e Vale das Borboletas e Stryphnodendron adstringens (barbatimão, Fabaceae e Piptocarpha rotundifolia (coração-de-negro, Asteraceae as espécies que se destacaram em VI na área Carrapatos. A altura média variou de 2,0 ± 1,2 a 2,3 ± 1,3m. O diâmetro médio variou de 6,5 ± 4,4 a 7,3 ± 4,8 cm. A densidade média foi de 2315 indiv.ha-1 e área basal média de 13,4 m².ha-1. O índice de diversidade de Shannon (H' para espécies variou de 2,67 a 2,96 nats/ind. Foi observada baixa similaridade de espécies entre as três áreas. Considerando as pressões antrópicas que os ambientes naturais da região vêm sofrendo, os dados obtidos poderão subsidiar projetos locais de recomposição da vegetação, principalmente do componente arbóreo.

  9. Basal testosterone concentrations after the application of a slow-release GnRH agonist implant are associated with a loss of response to buserelin, a short-term GnRH agonist, in the tom cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goericke-Pesch, Sandra; Georgiev, Plamen; Fasulkov, Ivan; Vodenicharov, Angel; Wehrend, Axel

    2013-07-01

    Slow-release GnRH agonist implants are considered an effective, reversible alternative to surgical castration in male tom cats. Individual differences exist regarding the onset of efficacy and might be delayed in some animals. Single measurements of testosterone (T) might result in basal concentrations also in intact male cats. Consequently, GnRH stimulation tests are performed to measure T increase in intact animals and to differentiate castrated from intact male cats. In this study, five tom cats were treated with a 4.7-mg deslorelin implant and GnRH stimulation tests using buserelin were performed before treatment and at 4-week intervals afterward until Week 20. After the last test in Week 20 all animals were castrated. Four of five animals had basal T after 4 weeks and-in contrast to pretreatment-application of buserelin did not result in any further T increase. In one animal, T was low after implant insertion, but not basal; however, a GnRH stimulation test induced a slight increase of T in Week 8 and 16 only and no response in Weeks 4, 12, and 20. Testicular volume was significantly decreased and penile spines disappeared in all cats. Testicular histology showed mixed atrophy, but also fully elongated spermatids in three of five male cats making infertility questionable. Because of the loss of the stimulatory effect of short-term GnRH application (buserelin), it can be assumed that long-term GnRH agonists also act by some mechanisms of downregulation of pituitary GnRH receptors in the tom cat. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Fatores associados à adequação do cuidado pré-natal e à assistência ao parto em São Tomé e Príncipe, 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Alexandra da Graça Dantas dos Reis

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, foram identificados fatores sociodemográficos associados com o cuidado pré-natal e com a assistência ao parto em São Tomé e Príncipe. A amostra foi composta por 1.326 nascidos vivos de mulheres de 15 a 49 anos que participaram do Inquérito Demográfico e Sanitário de São Tomé e Príncipe, 2008-2009. Foram utilizados modelos de regressão logística e multinomial multiníveis. A adequação global do cuidado pré-natal foi de 26% e da assistência ao parto de 7% quando realizado por médicos e de 76% quando realizado por enfermeiras/auxiliares. Os fatores associados ao pré-natal e à assistência ao parto adequados foram: ordem de nascimento, educação materna e o índice de bem-estar econômico. O local de residência se mostrou fator importante apenas em relação à assistência ao parto. Observou-se que os efeitos aleatórios referentes às áreas onde as mulheres residem exerceram impacto importante sobre a chance de realizar pré-natal adequado e parto com profissionais capacitados. A importância dos fatores socioeconômicos aponta para a elaboração de ações que visem reduzir a desigualdade social em São Tomé e Príncipe.

  11. Os sentidos de theologia physica para os antiqui: Tomás de Aquino leitor de Agostinho [The senses of theologia physica for the antiqui: Thomas Aquinas reads Augustine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evaniel Brás dos Santos

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Explicito neste artigo que a expressão “theologia physica” atribuída aos antigos (antiqui possui dois sentidos na ST, IIa-IIae, q. 94, a. 1, resp., de Tomás de Aquino. O primeiro, atribuído a Varrão, denota um estudo restrito, uma physiologia ou mecânica na qual deus é entendido como a força imanente no mundo, locomovendo-o. O segundo, por sua vez, pertence aos platônicos (platonici e denota um estudo geral, pois aborda, além de entidades imateriais, um criador. Ambas as teologias físicas, conforme Tomás, institui filosoficamente a idolatria ao entenderem que a divindade é causa de locomoção. Embora se valha de Agostinho em sua leitura da expressão “theologia physica”, Tomás introduz discussões que estão além do texto agostiniano.  [In the article I clarify that the expression “theologia physica” attributed to the Ancients (antiqui has two senses in the ST, IIa-IIae, q. 94, a.1, resp., of Thomas Aquinas. The first, attributed to Varro, denotes a restrict study, a physiologia or mechanics in which god is understood as the immanent force in the world, moving it. The second, in turn, belongs to the Platonics (platonici and denotes a general study, for it approaches, besides immaterial entities, a creator. Both physical theologies, according to Aquinas, set up philosophically the idolatry since they understand that the divinity is cause for locomotion. Although Aquinas makes use of Augustine in his reading of the expression “theologia physica”, he introduces discussions that go beyond the Augustinian text.

  12. El abandono escolar en la Licenciatura de Contador Público en la modalidad a distancia de la escuela Superior de Comercio y Administración, Plantel Santo Tomás del Instituto Politécnico Nacional

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Landaverde, Yared

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación es de tipo exploratorio y tiene por objeto identificar los factores de abandono y clasificar los motivos de abandono escolar de la modalidad a distancia de la licenciatura de Contador Público en la Escuela Superior de Comercio y Administración del Instituto Politécnico Nacional Plantel Santo Tomás, y en base a ello, propone sugerencias que contribuyen a combatir el fenómeno de abandono escolar. El instrumento utilizado es una encuesta en línea estruct...

  13. Estudio descriptivo-morfométrico de la ortopantomografía y el sistema NewTom TC en el diagnóstico preimplantológico por imagen del sector anterior mandibular

    OpenAIRE

    Madrigal Martínez-Pereda, Cristina

    2000-01-01

    Como hipótesis de trabajo suponemos que existe variabilidad en el diagnóstico de ciertas dimensiones del reborde alveolar, en el diagnóstico de la calidad ósea y en la localización de estructuras anatómicas del sector intermentoniano mediante la realización de radiografía panorámica y tomografía computarizada con el equipo NewTom. Los principales objetivos de nuestro estudio fueron realizar un análisis comparativo entre los parámetros estudiados en la Rx panorámica y los resgistrados en la TC...

  14. Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial, proporción de hipertensos que lo desconocen y algunos posibles factores de riesgo asociados, en el Municipio de Santo Tomás – Atlántico / Prevalence of high blood pressure, percentage of the people who have no knowledge of it, and some associated factors of risk in Municipio de Santo Tomás, Atlántico

    OpenAIRE

    Donado Badillo, Enrique Manuel

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia de hipertensión arterial, proporción de las personas que lo desconocen, y algunos posibles factores de riesgo asociados en el municipio de Santo Tomás, Atlántico (Colombia) entre noviembre de 2008 y enero de 2009. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal, de base poblacional encuestando a una muestra aleatoria de 244 personas mayores de 18 años para obtener información sociodemográfica, estado de aseguramiento, antecedentes familiares dentro del primer...

  15. The Song of the Sabia in the 3rd. Festival Internacional da Canção: boo and sunset of the Tom Jobim bossa nova`s aesthetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Guilherme Poletto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the Song of the Sabia, composition of Tom Jobim and Chico Buarque. Mobilizes different series of sources in order to reconstruct historically the boo to the performance of the song during the III International Song Festival, held in 1968 in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Seeks to highlight how this episode catalyzed the existence of different expectations on the popular song and its role as a vehicle for ideals of modernity amid the interference of the authoritarian environment in the cultural and political field. Then, based on the analysis of the constitutive parameters of the song, suggests possibilities for understanding its musical and poetic construction in critical dialogue with its reverberations in cultural terms.This article discusses the Song of the Sabia, composition of Tom Jobim and Chico Buarque. Mobilizes different series of sources in order to reconstruct historically the boo to the performance of the song during the III International Song Festival, held in 1968 in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Seeks to highlight how this episode catalyzed the existence of different expectations on the popular song and its role as a vehicle for ideals of modernity amid the interference of the authoritarian environment in the cultural and political field. Then, based on the analysis of the constitutive parameters of the song, suggests possibilities for understanding its musical and poetic construction in critical dialogue with its reverberations in cultural terms.

  16. Relations of Water Quality to Streamflow, Season, and Land Use for Four Tributaries to the Toms River, Ocean County, New Jersey, 1994-99

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Ronald J.; Hunchak-Kariouk, Kathryn

    2006-01-01

    The effects of nonpoint-source contamination on the water quality of four tributaries to the Toms River in Ocean County, New Jersey, have been investigated in a 5-year study by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP). The purpose of the study was to relate the extent of land development to loads of nutrients and other contaminants to these streams, and ultimately to Barnegat Bay. Volumetric streamflow (discharge) was measured at 6 monitoring sites during 37 stormflow and base-flow sampling events over a 5-year period (May 1994-September 1999). Concentrations and yields (area-normalized instantaneous load values) of nitrogen and phosphorus species, total suspended solids, and fecal coliform bacteria were quantified, and pH, dissolved oxygen, and stream stage were monitored during base-flow conditions and storms. Sufficient data were collected to allow for a statistical evaluation of differences in water quality among streams in subbasins with high, medium, and low levels of land development. Long Swamp Creek, in a highly developed subbasin (64.2 percent developed); Wrangle Brook, in a moderately developed subbasin (34.5 percent); Davenport Branch, in a slightly developed subbasin (22.8 percent); and Jakes Branch, in an undeveloped subbasin (0 percent) are the subbasins selected for this study. No point-source discharges are known to be present on these streams. Water samples were collected and analyzed by the NJDEP, and discharge measurements and data analysis were conducted by the USGS. Total nitrogen concentrations were lower in Davenport Branch than in Long Swamp Creek and Wrangle Brook during base flow and stormflow. Concentrations of total nitrogen and nitrate were highest in Wrangle Brook (as high as 3.0 mg/L and 1.6 mg/L, respectively) as a result of high concentrations of nitrate in samples collected during base flow; nitrate loading from ground-water discharge is much higher in

  17. 5-7 Year Old Children's Conceptions of Behaving Artifacts and the Influence of Constructing Their Behavior on the Development of Theory of Mind (ToM and Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Spektor-Precel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, we are surrounded by artifacts that are capable of adaptive behavior, such as electric pots, boiler timers, automatic doors, and robots. The literature concerning human beings’ conceptions of “traditional” artifacts is vast, however, little is known about our conceptions of behaving artifacts, nor of the influence of the interaction with such artifacts on cognitive development, especially among children. Since these artifacts are provided with an artificial “mind,” it is of interest to assess whether and how children develop a Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM which is distinct from their Theory of Mind (ToM. The study examined a new theoretical scheme named ToAM (Theory of Artificial Mind by means of qualitative and quantitative methodology among twenty four 5-7 year old children from central Israel. It also examined the effects of interacting with behaving artifacts (constructing versus observing the robot’s behavior using the “RoboGan” interface on children’s development of ToAM and their ToM and looked for conceptions that evolve among children while interacting with behaving artifacts which are indicative of the acquisition of ToAM. In the quantitative analysis it was found that the interaction with behaving artifacts, whether as observers or constructors and for both age groups, brought into awareness children’s ToM as well as influenced their ability to understand that robots can behave independently and based on external and environmental conditions. In the qualitative analysis it was found that participating in the intervention influenced the children’s ToAM for both constructors and for the younger observer. Engaging in building the robot’s behavior influenced the children’s ability to explain several of the robots’ behaviors, their understanding of the robot’s script-based behavior and rule-based behavior and the children’s metacognitive development. The theoretical and practical importance of

  18. Académico Doctor Tomás Quevedo Gómez. (Medellín, 2 de Junio de 1916 – 20 de Enero de 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Mendoza-Vega

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Dar el adiós final a un amigo es ocasión siempre dolorosa; pero cuando ese amigo es además un destacado académico, un colega de larga y meritoria vida científica y un escritor de fina pluma, el lamento debe ser forzosamente mayor por cuanto pierden la Patria y nuestra profesión, ambas tan necesitadas hoy de figuras cimeras.

    Tomás Quevedo Gómez había pasado indemne la cumbre de los ochenta años y se preparaba con su bonhomía de siempre para los noventa ya cercanos, porque cumpliría 88 el 2 de junio próximo (había nacido en Medellín en 1916.

    La última vez en que tuve el placer de su compañía, hace casi un año, no solo demostró la plenitud de sus facultades mentales al discurrir sobre realidades de la Medicina en estos tiempos de tantas turbulencias, sino dejó correr la vena de ironía y humor que en él parecía inagotable y que acompañó con acotaciones amables, también usuales en sus contactos con los numerosos amigos de que se preciaba.

    Bachiller y luego doctor en Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia, su tesis de grado enfocó el problema de la litiasis biliar en Antioquia y recibió el 8 de abril de 1943 mención honorífica. Desde allí quedó signado el futuro de este especialista, que cultivó la Medicina Interna y en ella la rama de Gastroenterología, aunque pasó recién graduado y en el Hospital San Vicente de Paúl por las jefaturas de clínica quirúrgica y de enfermedades tropicales, lo que sin duda contribuyó a formar en él un criterio médico de amplitud excepcional, que le permitía opinar con solidez sobre casi cualquier tema que se planteara a su consideración.

    Una mirada a la hoja de vida del doctor Quevedo Gómez permite comprender por qué se le apreciaba y respetaba tanto en los círculos médicos. Todavía era estudiante cuando ganó los puestos de preparador en Química Biológica, en Anatomía Patológica y en Laboratorio Clínico; tras el grado vinieron las

  19. Tomás de Aquino y la determinación del derecho: presupuestos fundamentales y recepción de su doctrina por Francisco Suárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Contreras

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available En santo Tomás, la doctrina de la determinación (derivatio per modum determinationis está relacionada con algunos principios generales de su filosofía y teoría de la justicia. Entre éstos, tienen especial interés las cuestiones sobre la fuerza coactiva de la ley positiva, el gobierno del mundo por medio de causas segundas, la inmutabilidad de la ley natural y el carácter limitado de la ley humana, que sólo puede reprimir los vicios más graves. En este trabajo quisiera referirme a estos cuatro problemas —que, en rigor, son presupuestos del acto de determinación—, mostrando la manera como Francisco Suárez recibe las ideas del pensador medieval.

  20. ‘Breaking the myth: Toledo Cathedral on the international stage’: Toledo Cathedral: Building Histories in Medieval Castile by Tom Nickson, University Park, Pensylvannia: The Pennsylvania University Press, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Mateo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This review analyzes the contribution of Tom Nickson´s study from the position given to Spain within European Gothic by the Anglophone historiography. It argues that Nickson´s book is a radical departure from previous historiography, which had condemned Toledo Cathedral, and all Spanish gothic monuments, because they were thought to be mere copies of European models. Nickson, however, convincingly argues that Toledo Cathedral is a monument as interesting as its canonical French and English counterparts. He does so by employing a holistic, integrated, and diachronic approach, with an impressive amount of information, much of it new, which addresses some of the latest concerns in the historiography of art, the humanities, and the social sciences, such as the creation of an identity through the creation of memories.

  1. Presentación clínica de tuberculosis en pacientes VIH+ atendidos en el Hospital Santo Tomás, Panamá. Enero a julio del 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardino Denis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: describir las presentaciones clínicas de la tuberculosis en los pacientes VIH+ atendidos en el Hospital Santo Tomás de enero a julio de 2009. Metodología: se trata de un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo que consistió en la revisión de expedientes clínicos de los pacientes que presentaron coinfección de tuberculosis y VIH en el Hospital Santo Tomás durante el primer semestre del año 2009. Se analizó el universo de pacientes. Se utilizó un formulario para la recolección de los datos y para el análisis de los datos se calcularon frecuencias, modas, medianas y promedios. Se utilizo el programa EpiInfo 3.5.1 y se realizaron los gráficos con Microsoft Office Excel. Resultados: La relación hombres : mujeres fue de 3 : 1. Se observó una mayor frecuencia de pacientes procedentes del corregimiento de Juan Díaz (13,5% Calidonia (10,4% Santa Ana (10,4%. La presentación clínica predominante fue la pulmonar (64,4% seguida por la mixta (20% y la extrapulmonar (15,6%; entre las formas extrapulmonares la más frecuente fue la ganglionar (37,5%. Conclusiones: La presentación clínica pulmonar reporta es de 64,4%; extrapulmonar, 15,6%; y mixta, 20,0%. Entre las presentaciones extrapulmonares, la presentación ganglionar se reporta en 37,5%. El método clínico radiológico es el medio diagnóstico más usado (76% a diferencia de otros estudios.

  2. A cidade africana contemporânea de origem portuguesa: São Tomé pré e pós-independência The contemporary African city of Portuguese origin: Sao Tome pre and post-independence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Madeira da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de São Tomé foi território português desde as primeiras ocupações até 1975 (data de sua independência,tendo, nesse tempo, crescido segundo os princípios do urbanismo de origem portuguesa. Para além da cidade planeada e consolidada, construída no período de ocupação colonial, a cidade desenvolveu, sobretudo no período pós-independência, um outro tipo de estrutura sem planeamento. À semelhança de outras cidades africanas de origem portuguesa, essa nova estrutura localiza-se na periferia do centro urbano. Este artigo apresenta dois argumentos. O primeiro considera que a cidade de São Tomé apresenta uma estrutura dual, tal como outras cidades africanas: uma zona central planeada, construída no período da ocupação colonial (pré-independência, e outra, periurbana, constituída essencialmente por habitações resultantes da expansão habitacional do centro urbano e com certas características semirrurais: vivendas associadas a espaços de produção agrícola familiar. O segundo argumento refere que tanto a estrutura central planeada, desenvolvida no período colonial, como a estrutura periférica não planeada, desenvolvida posteriormente,têm, na sua origem e desenvolvimento, a procura de relações com o território e, tanto numa como noutra,reconhecem-se estruturas urbanas adaptadas às condições locais.

  3. Brad Patterson, Tom Brooking, and Jim McAloon, Unpacking the Kist: The Scots in New Zealand. McGill-Queen's Studies in Ethnic History Series, No. 2.33. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013. Pp. 412. ISBN 978-0-7735-4190-0. CAD $100.00.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seán Gerard Brosnahan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Brad Patterson, Tom Brooking, and Jim McAloon, Unpacking the Kist: The Scots in New Zealand. McGill-Queen's Studies in Ethnic History Series, No. 2.33. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013. Pp. 412. ISBN 978-0-7735-4190-0. CAD $100.00.

  4. DESMATAMENTO, BEM-ESTAR COMUNITÁRIO E O DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL: uma análise integrada em São Tomé e Príncipe – África

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    Manuel D'Assunção do Nascimento José da Costa

    2017-10-01

    La préoccupation de la nature, face aux impacts négatifs causés par l'action humaine, a fait l'objet d'une grande réflexion internationale. Plusieurs événements ont déjà eu lieu sur le sujet, en particulier pour la conservation des ressources naturelles et la nécessité d'un développement durable. Cependant, les atrocités contre la nature ont retardé la faune et la flore dans plusieurs endroits, comme c'est le cas à São Tomé et Príncipe. L'objectif de la présente étude est d'analyser les relations socio-environnementales dans le pays, en particulier les causes et les effets de la pratique de la déforestation. À cette fin, une méthodologie centralisée a été utilisée dans l'examen de la littérature et complétée par une analyse interprétative et réflexive des problèmes environnementaux. Ainsi, il convient de mentionner les subventions théoriques utilisées: Eiffert (2010; Castro et al. (2005; Filho (2000; Rodriguez et al. (2009; Souza et al. (2012. En outre, les dispositions légales sur cette question revêtaient une importance primordiale, en particulier la Constitution de la République démocratique de São Tomé et Príncipe de 2003 et la Loi n ° 05/2001, Loi sur les forêts. Au cours de l'analyse, on a constaté que le facteur de déforestation enregistré, en partie, est conditionné au facteur économique (pauvreté, ce qui a imposé la nécessité d'une réflexion socio-économique en conjonction avec le facteur socio-environnemental. Enfin, l'importance des plans stratégiques pour l'utilisation durable des ressources naturelles est instigée, en vue de la stabilité écologique locale. Ce sont ces réflexions qui ont apporté un soutien et une spécificité au cours de la présente étude, ce qui devrait conduire à plus de réflexions et de débats sur le sujet en question. Mots-clés: Impact Environnemental; Bien-être Communautaire ; Sao Tomé-et-Principe.

  5. Arquitectura, urbanismo y obras públicas civiles y militares en el Atlas Geográfico de España de Tomás López de 1804

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    San-Antonio-Gómez, C.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This manuscript presents a novel analysis that deals about how architecture, urban planning and civil and military public works are represented in Geographic Atlas of Spain 1804 (AGE of Tomas Lopez. For this it has been characterized different map symbols appearing on maps, which are the benchmarks for analysis and transmit accurate information on the shape and meaning of what is represented. So, more than one hundred different symbols were found. This gives an idea of the great detail and richness of the information contained in AGE. A deeper analysis shows that eighteen of them are equivalent to other previous cartographic symbols. These were from Chevalier, D’Anville teacher, who in turn was the teacher Thomas Lopez in Paris. Additionally, we found that there are several symbols with similarity to their corresponding of the Ordinances of the Royal Corps of Engineers from 1803.El objetivo que planteamos es analizar cómo Tomás López representó en su Atlas Geográfico de España (AGE de 1804, la arquitectura, el urbanismo y las obras públicas civiles y militares, un análisis hasta el momento inédito. Para ello se han caracterizado los diferentes símbolos cartográficos que aparecen en los mapas, que constituyen los parámetros de referencia del análisis y transmiten información fidedigna de la forma y significado de lo representado. Para esas tipologías se han encontrado ciento trece símbolos diferentes, lo que da idea de la minuciosidad y riqueza de la información contenida en los mapas. Dieciocho de ellos, son equivalentes con otros tantos símbolos cartográficos de Chevalier, maestro de D’Anville, de quien Tomás López fue discípulo en París. También hay una similitud entre cuatro símbolos del AGE con sus correspondientes signos de las Ordenanzas del Real Cuerpo de Ingenieros de 1803.

  6. Contribuição ao estudo da circulação e do transporte de volume da corrente do Brasil entre o Cabo de São Tomé e a Baía de Guanabara Contribution to the studies of transport and circulation of the Brazil current in the are a between Cabo de São Tomé and Guanabara Bay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio R Signorini

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available Tal estudo teve por finalidade avaliar a velocidade e o transporte de volume da Corrente do Brasil, no seu trecho entre Cabo de São Tomé e Cabo Frio, fazendo uso do calculo geostrofico aplicado às secções amostradas durante os cruzeiros de abril e julho de 1970 e de julho de 1973. Foram localizados dois vórtices anticiclônicos, um durante o período de abril de 1970 e o outro durante julho de 1973. O valor máximo de velocidade da corrente na superfície foi de aproximadamente 70 cm/s e o transporte de volume foi de 14 x 10(6 m³/s. Foi possível também confirmar a existência de um meandro da Corrente do Brasil através da utilização de uma secção de BT (batitermografo mecânico associada a um registro contínuo de salinidade e de temperatura obtido com um termosalinografo.During the periods of April, July, 1970 and July, 1973, océanographic cruises were conducted in order to investigate the variability of the Brazil Current in the region between Cabo de Sao Tomé and Guanabara Bay. The geostrophic model of ocean circulation was applied using the hydrographie data collected during the cruise. From this study, a maximum velocity of 70 cm/sec and a volume trans port of 14 x 10(6 m³/sec were reported. The dynamic topography with reference to the 500 db surface, showed the presence of anticyclonic eddies during the periods of April, 1970, and July, 1973. The thermohaline structure within a meander of the Brazil Current is also presented utilizing the data coming from a continuous salinity and temperature recorder in conection with the data coming from a simultaneous BT section.

  7. Prevalence of Schistosoma Intercalatum and S. Haematobium Infection Among Primary Schoolchildren in Capital Areas of Democratic Republic Of São Tomé and Príncipe, West Africa

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    Peter WS Chang

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: A parasitological survey of Schistosoma haematobium and S. intercalatum infection among primary schoolchildren in capital area of Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (DRSTP was undertaken.Methods: Subjects with positive infection were confirmed by the detection of S. haematobium ova in the urine or S. intercalatum ova in the stool by using centrifugation concentration or merthiolate-iodine-forma­lin concentration method. Totally, 252 urine and stool samples, respectively, were obtained from apparently healthy schoolchildren, of which 121 from boys (9.8 ± 1.4 yr and 131 from girls (9.7 ± 1.3 yr.Results: None of participating schoolchildren were found having S. haematobium ova in the urinary speci­men. While, among 4 primary schools studied, only schoolchildren from Saint Marçal were detected with S. intercalatum ova in the fecal specimen, making the overall prevalence of S. intercalatum infection among schoolchildren was 2.4% (6/252 and girls had insignificantly higher prevalence (3.1%, 4/131 than that (1.7%, 2/121 in boys (χ2 = 0.5, P = 0.5.Conclusion: Water control and sanitation as well as snails eliminated by molluscicides are urgently needed to reduce S. intercalatum infection in DRSTP inhabitants.

  8. Martinho Lutero (1483-1546 e Tomás Müntzer (1489-1525: a justificação teológica da autoridade secular e da revolução política

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    Dreher, Martin Norberto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A Reforma em território alemão possui duas figuras, por vezes próximas entre si, por vezes muito distantes: Lutero e Tomás Müntzer. À medida que foi se envolvendo na vida de seus fiéis, Müntzer foi tomando caminhos próprios, discordando de Lutero que este tomava a "Palavra, em sua realidade objetiva, como constitutiva da Igreja, e afirmando que os verdadeiros fiéis são os que possuem a experiência subjetiva do "Espírito". Também contra Lutero, que defende a resistência à autoridade, mas em questões seculares aceita a tirania, Müntzer, que vê a fé fortemente inserida no social, defende a revolução armada contra os príncipes. Müntzer não nega a graça, mas esta possui papel secundário em seu pensamento, enquanto, para Lutero, ela se coloca no centro de suas preocupações teológicas

  9. Giardia duodenalis and soil-transmitted helminths infections in children in São Tomé and Príncipe: do we think Giardia when addressing parasite control?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Filipa Santana; Baptista-Fernandes, Teresa; Oliveira, Dinamene; Rodrigues, Rúben; Neves, Edgar; Lima, António; Garrido, Eduardo; Afonso, Guilherme; Zaky, Ahmed; Telles de Freitas, Paulo; Atouguia, Jorge; Centeno-Lima, Sónia

    2015-04-01

    Giardia duodenalis prevalence is commonly as high as soil-transmitted helminths (STH), nevertheless is not considered for large-scale chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA) due to its short incubation period and frequent reinfections, its control being associated to improving access to water and sanitation. A study enrolling 444 children attending preschools was conducted in May 2011 during a deworming campaign. Faecal samples were obtained and analysed through microscopy of wet mounting and after Kato-Katz and formol-ether concentration techniques. The majority of children were infected with at least one pathogenic parasite (86.7%, 385 of 444). Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura (56.3%, 250 of 444 and 52.5%, 233 of 444, respectively) were the most frequent parasites followed by G. duodenalis infecting 41.7% (185 of 444) of the children. The present work aimed at obtaining updated information concerning intestinal parasite infections in children attending preschools in São Tomé and Príncipe and to contribute for the adequate management of the enteric infections. © The Author [2015]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. Tecnogénesis. La construcción técnica de las ecologías humanas (2 Volúmenes (Tomás Sánchez-Criado, Ed.

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    Pablo Santoro

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available De ser necesaria una aproximación radicalmente reduccionista a un trabajo tan poliédrico, creo que podría resumirse parte del mensaje de Tecnogénesis. La construcción técnica de las ecologías humanas, la ambiciosa obra colectiva editada por Tomás Sánchez Criado, en dos de sus comienzos. El primero es el que abre el breve y hermoso preámbulo escrito por Florentino Blanco: una reflexión, al hilo de la asistencia del autor a un concierto de música vocal contemporánea, sobre la profunda modificación de la gramática musical clásica en la experimentación actual y sobre la confusión cognitiva y emocional a la que esta destrucción de los códigos acostumbrados arroja al espectador.

  11. A relação entre amor e educação na suma teológica de Tomás de Aquino = The relationship between love and theological education in summa theologica of Thomas Aquinas = La relación entre el amor y la educación en la summa theologica de Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santin, Rafael Henrique

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, aborda-se a relação entre amor e educação na Suma teológica de Tomás de Aquino, a fim de destacar a importância do amor como princípio para a formação humana. O teólogo dominicano analisa as características do amor na primeira seção da segunda parte da Suma e evidencia sua importância para o homem e para a sociedade. Sendo uma das paixões da alma que nos torna capazes de agir, o amor está, na perspectiva tomasiana, intimamente relacionado ao conhecimento e ao pensamento reflexivo, pois a razão é o elemento pelo qual se pode estabelecer o bem comum como princípio essencial das ações. Para a fundamentação teórica e metodológica, buscou-se elucidar os pressupostos da História Social para que se pudesse analisar o objetivo numa perspectiva de totalidade, já que o amor, ainda que um sentimento singular, está potencialmente em todas as pessoas

  12. Review of Selected References and Data sets on Ambient Ground- and Surface-Water Quality in the Metedeconk River, Toms River, and Kettle Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1980-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Robert S.; Hunchak-Kariouk, Kathryn; Cauller, Stephen J.

    2003-01-01

    Surface water and ground water from unconfined aquifers are the primary sources of drinking water for much of the population, about 391,000, in the Metedeconk River, Toms River, and Kettle Creek watersheds in the New Jersey Coastal Plain. The quality of these sources of drinking water is a concern because they are vulnerable to contamination. Indications of the occurrence, distribution, and likely sources and transport mechanisms of certain contaminants were obtained from 48 selected reports and 2 selected data sets on water quality in or near the watersheds (1980-2001). These indications are described and briefly summarized in this report. The findings of studies on ground-water quality indicate that shallow ground water within the study area generally meets primary drinking-water standards, with notable exceptions. Volatile organic compounds, mercury, arsenic, radionuclides, nitrate, and coliform bacteria have been detected in shallow ground water in some areas at levels that exceed Federal and State drinking-water standards. For example, results of analyses of untreated samples collected from more than 13,000 private wells during 1983-99 indicated that concentrations of volatile organic compounds in samples from 7.3 percent of the wells exceeded at least 1 of 11 drinking-water standards, according to records maintained by the Ocean County Health Department. In cases of exceedances, however, water treatment, well replacement, and (or) retesting assured that applicable drinking-water standards were being met at the tap. Reported concentrations of the pesticide chlordane in some areas exceeded the drinking-water standard; few data are available on the occurrence of other pesticides. Studies of nearby areas, however, indicate that pesticide concentrations generally could be expected to be below drinking-water standards. The combination of low pH and low dissolved solids in many areas results in shallow ground water that is highly corrosive and, if untreated, able to

  13. Evaluation of the transfer and the accumulation of microcystins in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cultivar MicroTom) tissues using a cyanobacterial extract containing microcystins and the radiolabeled microcystin-LR ({sup 14}C-MC-LR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corbel, Sylvain [INRA, UMR1402 ECOSYS, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon (France); AgroParisTech, UMR1402 ECOSYS, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon (France); Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UMR8079, Univ. Paris-Sud/CNRS/AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Mougin, Christian; Nélieu, Sylvie; Delarue, Ghislaine [INRA, UMR1402 ECOSYS, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon (France); AgroParisTech, UMR1402 ECOSYS, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon (France); Bouaïcha, Noureddine, E-mail: noureddine.bouaicha@u-psud.fr [Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UMR8079, Univ. Paris-Sud/CNRS/AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France)

    2016-01-15

    Microcystins are the most common cyanotoxins and may be expected wherever blooms of cyanobacteria occur in surface waters. Their persistence both in the irrigation water and in the soil can lead to their transfer and bioaccumulation into agricultural plants. The aim of this work was to investigate microcystin accumulation in Solanum lycopersicum cultivar MicroTom. The plant was exposed to either Microcystis aeruginosa crude extracts containing up to 100 μg eq. MC-LR L{sup −1} in a soil–plant system for 90 days or pure radiolabeled {sup 14}C-MC-LR in a hydroponic condition for 48 h. Toxin bioaccumulation in the soil and different plant tissues was assessed both by the PP2A inhibition assay and by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). After 90 days of exposure, microcystins persisted in the soil and their free extractable concentrations accumulated were very low varying between 1.6 and 3.9 μg eq. MC-LR kg{sup −1} DW. Free MC-LR was detected only in roots and leaves with concentrations varying between 4.5 and 8.1 μg kg{sup −1} DW and between 0.29 and 0.55 μg kg{sup −1} DW, respectively. By using radioactivity ({sup 14}C-MC-LR), the results have reported a growing accumulation of toxins within the organs roots > leaves > stems and allowed them to confirm the absence of MC-LR in fruits after 48 h of exposure. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) was 13.6 in roots, 4.5 in leaves, and 1.4 in stems. On the other hand, the results highlight the presence of two radioactive fractions in different plant tissues. The non-extractable fraction of radioactivity, corresponding to the covalently bound MC-LR, was higher than that of the extractable fraction only in roots and leaves reaching 56% and 71% of the total accumulated toxin, respectively. Therefore, results raise that monitoring programs must monitor the presence of MCs in the irrigation water to avoid the transfer and accumulation of these toxins in crops. - Graphical abstract: Bioconcentration

  14. La doctrina de Tomás de Aquino sobre la analogía como recurso para el conocimiento natural de dios. una meditación filosófica sobre sus límites y alcances

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    Lucero González Suárez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este ensayo consiste en reflexionar sobre el fundamento ontológico de la doctrina de Tomás de Aquino sobre analogía, con el fin de señalar sus alcances y límites para el conocimiento natural de Dios. En el primer apartado se reflexiona sobre la analogia entis. En el segundo, se define la analogía y sus tipos. En el tercero, se explica que a través de la analogía es posible acceder al conocimiento indirecto de Dios. En el cuarto, se plantea la pregunta acerca de cuál es el Dios al que permiten acceder las pruebas de la existencia de Dios basadas en la analogía, con el fin de argumentar que, como sostiene San Juan de la Cruz, entre las criaturas y Dios hay una infinita desemejanza, motivo por el cual, si bien es cierto que la analogía permite a la teodicea el conocimiento de Dios como causa, no es un medio proporcionado para el conocimiento de su ser sobrenatural. El artículo concluye con la exhibición de los límites del pensamiento analógico para el conocimiento esencial de Dios: de la trascendencia y el misterio que envuelven su presencia. La tesis a demostrar es que el conocimiento analógico de Dios es imperfecto e incompleto, pero no falso.

  15. Análisis bibliométrico de los trabajos de grado del área organizacional de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad Santo Tomás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Constanza Aguilar B.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de esta investigación fue realizar un análisis bibliométrico de los trabajos de grado del área organizacional de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad Santo Tomás. Primero, se hizo una revisión todos los trabajos de grado de Psicología (1307 tesis de los cuales se seleccionaron 247 del área producidos durante 26 años, cerca del 19%, –período comprendido entre 1985-2005-. Luego, se diseñó una base de datos y de acuerdo con las variables previamente establecidas se sistematizaron los datos. El estudio fue de tipo descriptivo y se realizan dos tipos de análisis, uno de carácter descriptivo bibliométrico y el segundo, corresponde al análisis de datos textuales. Se encontró que de los 247 trabajos revisados se revelo que 1995 fue el año en el que se desarrollaron mayor número de tesis (50 trabajos; los enfoques teóricos de abordaje de las tesis son de: enfoque sistémico (51 trabajos seguidos por el enfoque cognitivo comportamental (26. Por último, se presento un valioso aporte metodológico, y es la inclusión del análisis de datos textual a la bibliometría, el cual revelo en primer lugar la relación entre la Psicología social y la Psicología organizacional; en segundo lugar se evidenciaron dos periodos donde las temáticas giran en torno a una visión clásica de la psicologia organizacional y en últimos 10 años un énfasis en una perspectiva critica de la psicologia de las organizaciones.

  16. A review of the Tom Rozwadowski medal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    November 1969 (Geldenhuys & Rudolph 1999) having had its roots in the mining in- dustry, dating back to the early fifties (Fatti 1988). Ever since its formation the society. *(Fellow of the Operations Research Society of South Africa), Research Associate, Institute of. Transport and Logistics Studies (ITLS) (Africa), University ...

  17. Die Geschichte von Tom Buk-Swienty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønhede, Søren

    2010-01-01

    Buk-Swienty markedsfører sin seneste bog på en påstand om at have afsløret, at kongen, Christian IX, i 1864 gennem sin anmodning om optagelse i Det tyske Forbund søgte at nedlægge Danmark. Påstanden er uden hold i de historiske realiteter....

  18. Tom Didn't Say Anything.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawcett, Gay

    1994-01-01

    Accused of promoting everything from Satanism to homosexuality, the "Impressions" reading series has come under attack in many of the 34 states using it. A teacher educator expresses chagrin at her "dream" students' half-hearted reactions to controversial articles about a series that they had judged superior. The silence of one…

  19. PFC Diego Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Requena, Diego

    2015-01-01

    Desarrollo de una aplicación móvil que permita buscar y localizar ofertas online. Estas ofertas serán publicadas por los comercios adscritos al proyecto. La idea básica es no tener que encontrar la oferta mientras paseas un día por el centro, si no que puedas buscar, a través de una aplicación móvil, dónde se encuentran esas ofertas. Desenvolupament d'una aplicació mòbil que permet buscar i localitzar ofertes en línia. Aquestes ofertes seran publicades pels comerços adscrits al projecte. L...

  20. Evaluation of the transfer and the accumulation of microcystins in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cultivar MicroTom) tissues using a cyanobacterial extract containing microcystins and the radiolabeled microcystin-LR ((14)C-MC-LR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbel, Sylvain; Mougin, Christian; Nélieu, Sylvie; Delarue, Ghislaine; Bouaïcha, Noureddine

    2016-01-15

    Microcystins are the most common cyanotoxins and may be expected wherever blooms of cyanobacteria occur in surface waters. Their persistence both in the irrigation water and in the soil can lead to their transfer and bioaccumulation into agricultural plants. The aim of this work was to investigate microcystin accumulation in Solanum lycopersicum cultivar MicroTom. The plant was exposed to either Microcystis aeruginosa crude extracts containing up to 100 μg eq.MC-LRL(-1) in a soil-plant system for 90 days or pure radiolabeled (14)C-MC-LR in a hydroponic condition for 48 h. Toxin bioaccumulation in the soil and different plant tissues was assessed both by the PP2A inhibition assay and by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). After 90 days of exposure, microcystins persisted in the soil and their free extractable concentrations accumulated were very low varying between 1.6 and 3.9 μg eq.MC-LR kg(-1) DW. Free MC-LR was detected only in roots and leaves with concentrations varying between 4.5 and 8.1 μg kg(-1) DW and between 0.29 and 0.55 μg kg(-1) DW, respectively. By using radioactivity ((14)C-MC-LR), the results have reported a growing accumulation of toxins within the organs roots>leaves>stems and allowed them to confirm the absence of MC-LR in fruits after 48 h of exposure. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) was 13.6 in roots, 4.5 in leaves, and 1.4 in stems. On the other hand, the results highlight the presence of two radioactive fractions in different plant tissues. The non-extractable fraction of radioactivity, corresponding to the covalently bound MC-LR, was higher than that of the extractable fraction only in roots and leaves reaching 56% and 71% of the total accumulated toxin, respectively. Therefore, results raise that monitoring programs must monitor the presence of MCs in the irrigation water to avoid the transfer and accumulation of these toxins in crops. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Open system sulphate reduction in a diagenetic environment - Isotopic analysis of barite (δ34S and δ18O) and pyrite (δ34S) from the Tom and Jason Late Devonian Zn-Pb-Ba deposits, Selwyn Basin, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnall, J. M.; Gleeson, S. A.; Stern, R. A.; Newton, R. J.; Poulton, S. W.; Paradis, S.

    2016-05-01

    Highly positive δ34S values in sulphide minerals are a common feature of shale hosted massive sulphide deposits (SHMS). Often this is attributed to near quantitative consumption of seawater sulphate, and for Paleozoic strata of the Selwyn Basin (Canada), this is thought to occur during bacterial sulphate reduction (BSR) in a restricted, euxinic water column. In this study, we focus on drill-core samples of sulphide and barite mineralisation from two Late Devonian SHMS deposits (Tom and Jason, Macmillan Pass, Selwyn Basin), to evaluate this euxinic basin model. The paragenetic relationship between barite, pyrite and hydrothermal base metal sulphides has been determined using transmitted and reflected light microscopy, and backscatter electron imaging. This petrographic framework provides the context for in-situ isotopic microanalysis (secondary ion mass spectrometry; SIMS) of barite and pyrite. These data are supplemented by analyses of δ34S values for bulk rock pyrite (n = 37) from drill-core samples of un-mineralised (barren), siliceous mudstone, to provide a means by which to evaluate the mass balance of sulphur in the host rock. Three generations of barite have been identified, all of which pre-date hydrothermal input. Isotopically, the three generations of barite have overlapping distributions of δ34S and δ18O values (+22.5‰ to +33.0‰ and +16.4‰ to +18.3‰, respectively) and are consistent with an origin from modified Late Devonian seawater. Radiolarian tests, enriched in barium, are abundant within the siliceous mudstones, providing evidence that primary barium enrichment was associated with biologic activity. We therefore propose that barite formed following remobilisation of productivity-derived barium within the sediment, and precipitated within diagenetic pore fluids close to the sediment water interface. Two generations of pyrite are texturally associated with barite: framboidal pyrite (py-I), which has negative δ34S values (-23‰ to -28

  2. Aleitamento materno e caracterização dos hábitos alimentares na primeira infância: experiência de São Tomé e Príncipe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana e Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: avaliação da amamentação, da diversificação e frequência alimentar, em crianças de São Tomé e Príncipe (STP. Métodos: trata-se de uma amostra constituída por 1285 crianças. O protocolo incluiu a prevalência do aleitamento materno exclusivo (AME e Total (AMT, início da diversificação alimentar (DA e um questionário de frequência alimentar. O tratamento estatístico foi efetuado no SPSS®. Os resultados foram apresentados de acordo com o total da amostra. Resultados: 45,5% são do sexo feminino e a média de idades 26±18 meses. 46,6% fez AME até aos 6 meses (média 5±2. A média de AMT foi 12±7 meses e o início da DA aos 6±3 meses (mediana=6, sendo as farinhas e a canja de peixe os primeiros alimentos oferecidos. 42% das crianças são incluídas na dieta familiar aos 7±3 meses (mediana=6. Elevada porcentagem de crianças nunca ingere: leite de vaca (74% ou iogurte (40%, contrariamente ao elevado consumo de óleo alimentar (34% e açúcar (33%. A idade média de iniciação da cerveja é aos 18±12 meses e vinho de palma 13±10 meses. Conclusões: observa-se uma elevada prevalência de AME e uma precoce introdução da DA. Embora existam recursos alimentares disponíveis, não há informação/ formação adequada para elaborar um plano alimentar saudável durante a infância.

  3. Análisis Del Impacto Del Acompañamiento Psicológico En El Rendimiento Académico De Los Estudiantes De La División De Ingenierías De La Universidad Santo Tomás -Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Galán, Lina; Guillén, Sandra; Mogollón, Edna

    2016-01-01

    El acompañamiento y seguimiento a los estudiantes universitarios se ha convertido en una práctica necesaria, con el fin de conocer cuáles son las situaciones por las cuales atraviesan los jóvenes y que pueden llegar a afectar de manera directa su rendimiento. Son insuficientes las tutorías académicas, las cuales no alcanzan a generar una comprensión holística del ser integral que abarca sus demás dimensiones. La Universidad Santo Tomás, tiene como desarrollo misional la formación integral de ...

  4. Aspectos econômicos da produção e do risco nos sistemas agroflorestais e nos sistemas tradicionais de produçâo agrícola em tomé-açu, Pará - 2001 a 2003 Economic aspects of production under risk conditions in agroforestry systems and traditional agricultural systems in tomé-açu, Pará - 2001 to 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Benedito Varela

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, analisaram-se os fatores determinantes da produção dinâmica dos sistemas agroflorestais (SAF e dos sistemas tradicionais de produção agrícola (ST, sob condições de risco, em pequenas e médias unidades produtivas nipo-brasileiras localizadas no Município de Tomé-Açu, Pará, no período de 2001 a 2003. Os resultados indicaram que todos os fatores, exceto a mão-de-obra contratada e as máquinas e equipamentos, afetam diretamente o Valor Bruto da Produção (VBP dos SAF e dos ST; a variável dummy apresentou diferença cumulativa a menor no VBP dos SAF, de um ano para outro. A função de risco estimada apontou que os SAF apresentaram menor risco que os ST, evidenciando-se que a aplicação de insumos era fonte de redução de risco, mas a tecnologia adotada precisa ser adequada, pois se apresenta como fator de aumento de risco nos dois sistemas. Além disso, a dummy indicou que os SAF exibiram menor nível de risco que os ST. Nesse contexto, os resultados deixaram claro, ainda, que os produtores nipo-brasileiros eram avessos ao risco.This article analyzes the determinants of the dynamic production inputs of the agroforestry systems (SAF and traditional agricultural systems (ST under risk conditions, in small and medium farms in Tome-Açu, Pará, by Brazilian-Japanese producers from 2001 to 2003. The dynamic regression model results showed that all the inputs, except labor and machinery, have positive impacts on the current VBP of the two systems analyzed. Furthermore, the dummy variable shows a minor accumulative difference of the SAF's VBP in comparison with ST's VBP, from one period (year to another. The estimated risk function indicates that the use of fertilizer and pesticides reduce the risk level of the two systems, but the current technology needs to be adequate to other production inputs, since it appears as a factor of increased risk to the two systems. In addition, the dummy variable indicates that the SAF

  5. Contribuição para o conhecimento da biologia de Cynosciou jamaicensis (Vaillant & Bocourt, 1883, na area entre cabo de São Tomé (22º04's e Torres (29º21's, Brasil A contribution to the biology acquirement of Cynoscion jamaicebis (Vaillant & Bocourt, 1883, in the area between Cabo de São Tomé (22º01'S and Torres (29º21'S, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Emília A. de M Vazzoler

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho baseia-se na análise de dados obtidos de 1891 exemplares de Cynoscion jamaicebis coletados durante quatro cruzeiros oceanográficos realizados por intermédio do N/Oc. "Prof. W. Besnard", na área entre Cabo de Sao Tomé (22º04'S e Torres (29º30'S, até a isóbata de 200 m, dentro do programa FAUNEC. A espécie distribui-se ao longo da plataforma continental, preferencialmente na região banhada pela agua costeira, com temperaturas entre 27ºC e 18ºC. Ocorrem concentrações de jovens e adultos, indiscriminadamente da distância da costa; os jovens ocorreram, em fevereiro-março, entre 22ºS e 27ºS e, nos demais períodos, entre 23º20'S e 27º30'S, enquanto os adultos distribulram-se, em fevereiro-março e maio, entre 26ºS e 27º30'S e, em setembro e novembro, entre 23ºS e 29º30'S. A desova ocorre entre as latitudes 24º30'S e 26º30'S, durante o fim do inverno-primavera (setembro-novembro. Concordando com o ciclo reprodutivo, o fator de condição mostrou variações cíclicas, com valor mais baixo durante setembro, período de desova. O pico de recrutamento verificou-se em maio, quando ocorreram indivíduos com comprimento total entre 70 e 90 mm, provenientes da desova do ano anterior, que ainda nao completaram um ano de idade. 0 comprimento médio de início da primeira maturação sexual é de 154 mm, sendo que aos 200 mm todos os indivíduos estão aptos para a reprodução. A relação peso total/comprimento total apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre sexos, com α = 3,25 para machos e 3,10 para fêmeas.Data were obtained from 1891 specimens of Cynoscion jamaicebis collected during four trips aboard R/V "Prof. W. Besnard'', from Cabo de São Tome (22º04'S to Torres (29º21'S. This species occurs along the continental shelf, preferably on the region of coastal water influence with temperatures between 27ºC and 18ºC. There are young and adults along the coast, in all depths, although it was

  6. Article Molecular analysis of three FUT3 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and their relationship with the lewis erythrocytary phenotype in a human population of japanese-ancestry living in Tomé Açu, a town in the Brazilian Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Abdon da Costa Francez

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lewis blood group system involves two major antigens, Leª and Le b. Their antigenic determinants are not primary gene products but are synthesized by the transfer of sugar subunits to a precursory chain by a specific enzyme which is the product of the FUT3 gene (Lewis gene. The presence of three FUT3 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs (59T > G; 508G > A and 1067T > A was related to the Lewis phenotype of erythrocytes from 185 individuals of Japanese ancestry living in the town of Tomé-Açu in the Brazilian Amazon region. This relationship was detected using a serological hemagglutination test and the Dot-ELISA assay along with the molecular technique PCR-RFLP. We found that the three SNPs investigated in this study only accounted for a proportion of the Lewis-negative phenotype of the erythrocytes.

  7. A lei natural de tomás de aquino como princípio da razão prática e a segunda escolástica = The natural law of thomas aquinas as the principle of practical reason and second scholastic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honnefelder, Ludger

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A teoria da lei natural sofre uma transformação na Segunda Escolástica (séculos 16-17, que pode ser entendida como uma resposta a uma experiência de crise. Aqui, não se trata só de uma comparação entre a visão de mundo cristã e a ética aristotélica, mas está em jogo a relação entre essa síntese e as tradições dos novos povos descobertos, dando impulso ao debate acerca de uma base moral obrigatória a ser encontrada na própria natureza e com validade universal. No intuito de explicar essas questões, os autores dos séculos 16 e 17 se voltaram grandemente a Tomás de Aquino. Mas, a abordagem da lei natural, por Scotus, também desempenha um papel significativo nesse contexto. A sua teoria da lei natural, com uma ênfase particular no papel da vontade e da autoridade divinas para tornar manifesto o conteúdo (como tal racional da lei natural lato sensu e com um acento no conceito de “consonância”, deve ser destacada para que se ganhe clareza sobre novos aspectos da teoria da lei natural na Segunda Escolástica

  8. Nas franjas do império ultramarino português: a experiência insular de São Tomé e Príncipe no despertar dos oitocentos In the far-flung corners of the Portuguese overseas Empire: the island experience of Sao Tome and Principe at the beginning of the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuma Brilhante

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available São Tomé e Príncipe ocupou importante lugar na arquitetura imperial no século XVI. Contudo, a capitania tornou-se cada vez mais periférica no contexto do império português em decorrência de sérios problemas internos e dos deslocamentos do comércio colonial. As iniciativas reformistas experimentadas no início dos oitocentos fracassaram diante das importantes mudanças político-econômicas que envolveram o tráfico atlântico, principalmente, das ações inglesas contra esse comércio.Sao Tome and Principe held an important position within the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century. However due to serious internal conflicts and the transfer of priorities in colonial trade, this colonial island was gradually relegated. At the onset of the 19th century, a new administrative reform failed to restore their former affluence because of the consequences of important politico-economic changes concerning transatlantic trade, mainly, the British intervention against this trading.

  9. Läti koostöökogude liikmed Hiiumaal / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Läti Salduse ja Kandava piirkonna Leader koostöökogude liikmed käisid õppereisil Saaremaal ja Hiiumaal. Artikkel sisaldab ka intervjuud MTÜ Salduse Piirkonna Arendamise Ühenduse esinaise Sarmite Ozolina ja MTÜ Kandava Partnerlus juhatuse esimehe Girts Kindzulisega

  10. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Aneta Fraczek-Szczypta. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 38 Issue 5 September 2015 pp 1339-1344. Carbon nanotube-based coatings on titanium · Elzbieta Dlugon Wojciech Simka Aneta Fraczek-Szczypta Wiktor Niemiec Jaroslaw Markowski Marzena ...

  11. Overflødige ord, tom jargon og forkludrede udtryk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J

    2014-01-01

    Professor i retorik Christian Kock kaster et blik på Højberg Rapporten, der indeholder 23 anbefalinger til bedre kommunikation på Københavns Universitet. Han mener ikke, at rapporten selv kan tjene som eksempel på vellykket kommunikation....

  12. Tom test 8/26/02 11:45am

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Members of the flight and ground crews prepare to unload equipment from NASA's B377SGT Super Guppy Turbine cargo aircraft on the ramp at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The outsize cargo plane had delivered the latest version of the X-38 flight test vehicle to NASA Dryden when this photo was taken on June 11, 2000. The B-377SGT Super Guppy Turbine evolved from the 1960s-vintage Pregnant Guppy, Mini Guppy and Super Guppy, used for transporting sections of the Saturn rocket used for the Apollo program moon launches and other outsized cargo. The various Guppies were modified from 1940's and 50's-vintage Boeing Model 377 and C-97 Stratocruiser airframes by Aero Spacelines, Inc., which operated the aircraft for NASA. NASA's Flight Research Center assisted in certification testing of the first Pregnant Guppy in 1962. One of the turboprop-powered Super Guppies, built up from a YC-97J airframe, last appeared at Dryden in May, 1976 when it was used to transport the HL-10 and X-24B lifting bodies from Dryden to the Air Force Museum at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. NASA's present Super Guppy Turbine, the fourth and last example of the final version, first flew in its outsized form in 1980. It and its three sister ships were built in the 1970s for Europe's Airbus Industrie to ferry outsized structures for Airbus jetliners to the final assembly plant in Toulouse, France. It later was acquired by the European Space Agency, and then acquired by NASA in late 1997 for transport of large structures for the International Space Station to the launch site. It replaced the earlier-model Super Guppy, which has been retired and is used for spare parts. NASA's Super Guppy Turbine carries NASA registration number N941NA, and is based at Ellington Field near the Johnson Space Center. For more information on NASA's Super Guppy Turbine, log onto the Johnson Space Center Super Guppy web page at http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/station/assembly/superguppy/

  13. Tom ja Anni said suureks / Kairit Tsäro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsäro, Kairit, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    ETV staažikas lastesaade "Saame kokku Tomi juures" lõpetab. Saate produtsent Margus Saar, Anni - Maria Soomets ja postiljon Eedi - Kalju Orro, vaatavad tagasi viiele aastale ja meenutavad saatekülalisi

  14. Schaulust und Horror Soziokulturelle - Perspektiven auf PEEPING TOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ballhausen

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Die Geschichte des Kinos und des Films ist mindestens ebenso sehr eine Geschichte des Schreckens (und der damit verbundenen Schaulust wie sie eine Geschichte des Dokumentarischen zu sein scheint. Es sind die außergewöhnlichen Körper und deren Bewegungen, die das Publikum zu allen Zeiten faszinierten, schockierten und zum Schauen und Sehen lockten. Besonders das Genre des Horrorfilms ist mit diesem zentralen Aspekt des Kinos besonders deutlich verbunden.

  15. Integrating TOM into environmental projects, Angela B. Quinlan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Caldwell, J.A.

    1992-01-01

    Responsible and cost-effective waste management and environmental restoration are best achieved when the principles and procedures of Total Quality Management are made an integral part of the process. By describing three case histories, we explore and explain techniques for using TQM in environmental projects. Key aspects considered include: quality measurement systems; establishing and maintaining standard operating procedures; management and technical peer review; the use of Quality Improvement Teams; Roadmapping (a new procedure that the US Department of Energy is incorporating into environmental restoration programs); and the role of audit teams in document production. The three case histories covered include: The Department of Energy's Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project on which Roadmapping and Quality Improvement Teams have led to significant changes in procedures; the EPA ARCS program on which adoption of project management Standard Operating Procedures enhanced cost and schedule control; the Jacobs Engineering TQM program that emphasizes performance measurement and management and project technical peer review

  16. 'Tom & Viv' ehk Elulugu kunstiks / Jaak Rähesoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rähesoo, Jaak, 1941-

    1996-01-01

    Mängufilm Thomas Stearns Eliotist Michael Hastingsi näidendi põhjal, stsenaristid Michael Hastings ja Adrian Hodges, re̓issöör Brian Gilbert : Suurbritannia, 1994. Ka autori suhtumisest Madis Kõivu ja Jaan Krossi biograafilistesse teostesse. Järg: 26. jaan., lk. 12

  17. Versatilidad argumentativa en Santo Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Zagal A.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Saint Thomas Aquinas, as other Scholastic philosophers, attended the gnoseological and epistemological problem of the unity of human knowledge when trying to realize a unified reading of the corpus aristotelicum. In the proem In Libros Analyticorum Posteriorum Expositio, Aquinas proposes a new classification of the logical works under an analogical conception of the human knowledge. There he distinguishes the branches of logic according to the acts of reason, and explains the various types of argument: rethorical, poetical, topical, apodictic and theological. This classification exhibits Thomas Aquinas' thesis regarding the problem of the unity of human knowledge: there is a variety of circumstances and events that can not be treated in the same way. The unity of human knowledge is saved by its versatility, and Aquinas is cautelous when not trying to unify the intelectual tasks under the univocity of one and only one argumentative method, thus protecting the epistemological peculiarities of each genre of reality.

  18. Privaatne - Läti kaasaegne fotokunst / Toms Ķencis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ķencis, Toms

    2010-01-01

    Läti fotograafia näitus "Private: Contemporary Photo Art in Latvia" Riias 20. augustist 18. oktoobrini 2009, kuraator Alise Tifentāle. Lähemalt Arnis Balčus'i, Gunārs Binde, Zenta Dzividzinskat'i, Roman Korovini, Inta Ruka, Alnis Stakle, Vilnis Vītoliņš'i loomingust

  19. Johannes Vermeer and Tom Gouws: textual discourse through pen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poems such as 'ars poetica' and 'die kantklosser' will be read as speaking paintings of visual texts and visual writing through which an exceptional merger of pen and brush come into being. Keywords: iconicity, tipography, cohesion, visual text, ars poetica, syntactic chiasm, texture, canto. Journal for Language Teaching Vol ...

  20. Caracterización de personas con discapacidad física atendidas en el consultorio 3.: Policlínico "Dr. Tomas Romay". Año 2009 Characterization of persons presenting with physical handicaps seen in No. 3 family physician consulting room from The "Dr. Tomás Romay" Polyclinic during 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Arce Morera

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo del trabajo realizado en el servicio de rehabilitación comunitaria en el consultorio médico de familia tipo 1 número 3 del policlínico Dr. "Tomas Romay", a las personas con discapacidades físicas en el año 2009. El método empleado para obtener los datos fue la observación. Se empleó la estadística descriptiva para evaluar el grado de discapacidad física, calculándose así la tasa de prevalencia de discapacidad, donde por cada 1 000 habitantes 63 tenían algún tipo de discapacidad. Según la escala de Bartel que mide la gravedad de la invalidez, del total de las personas estudiadas con discapacidades, 108 tenía dificultad en la ejecución de distintas actividades. Recibieron servicios de rehabilitación en su hogar por un personal calificado 5 discapacitados que no podían acudir a los salas de Rehabilitación. Hubo predominio del sexo masculino y el grupo de edades de 60 y más años de edad.A descriptive study was conducted from the work carried out by Community Rehabilitation Service in type 1 No. 3 family physician consulting room from The "Dr. Tomás Romay" Polyclinic, to physically handicapped persons during 2009. Method used to data collection was the observation. Descriptive statistics was used to assess the physical disability level, thus estimating the Handicap Prevalence Rate, where by 1 000 inhabitants, 63 must to have some type of handicap. According to Barlet scale measuring the severity of disability from the total of study handicapped persons. Five handicapped persons that couldn't go the rehabilitation departments received home rehabilitation service by a qualified staff. There was a male sex predominance and of age group of 60 and more years.

  1. Dificultades lingüísticas en la lectura en voz alta en niños del grado 1-4 de la sede Santo Tomás de la Institución Educativa Municipal Santa Teresita de Catambuco de Pasto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Marlene Cortez Arciniegas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio desarrollado por Cortez y Arévalo (2013 en el grado 1 – 4 de la Básica Primaria Sede Santo Tomás de la Institución Educativa Municipal Santa Teresita de Catambuco de Pasto, determinó la existencia de una serie de dificultades en el momento de realizar la lectura en voz alta, por parte de los quince alumnos estudiados en la presente investigación, tal es el caso de: silabeo, sustitución, u omisión de fonemas (elipsis y metátesis. La lectura implica la realización de varios pasos, a saber: percepción de signos gráficos (letras, de codificación, comprensión, retención y evocación. Las dos últimas etapas están directamente relacionadas en la labor de aprendizaje. Para el desarrollo del proceso lector es importante la aplicación de las etapas antes citadas sin contratiempos, en caso contrario no se presentará una eficaz lectura ni un buena comprensión de la misma, porque se verá afectado todo el proceso que abarca la lectura, por consiguiente, la lectura en voz alta no es un proceso elemental, tiene su complejidad e involucra a todo lo antes citado. Las dificultades lingüísticas son consideradas como tal, debido a que se constituyen en un obstáculo inicial impidiendo el desarrollo de la lectura y la comprensión e interpretación textual, que son el resultado de un buen proceso de lectura. La investigación adelantada por Cortez y Arévalo (2013 es de carácter cualitativo porque describe los fenómenos o dificultades lingüísticas acaecidas en un cierto grupo de niños del grado 1 – 4, cuya incidencia es definitiva en el aprendizaje de la lectura en voz alta. Finalmente, con base en las dificultades lingüísticas encontradas en los alumnos estudiados el grupo de investigación presentó una propuesta socio - pedagógica para solucionar los inconvenientes antes descritos.

  2. Chovendo na roseira de Tom Jobim: uma abordagem schenkeriana Chovendo na roseira by Tom Jobim: a Schenkerian approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos de Lemos Almada

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo examina a canção Chovendo na roseira, de Antônio Carlos Jobim, focando as relações estruturais aprofundadas existentes entre melodia, harmonia e forma. Isso é realizado através do método da análise schenkeriana, que recebe aqui algumas adaptações, de maneira a se ajustar apropriadamente às características dessa peça específica. Como resultado do processo analítico observa-se uma integração consistente e hierarquizada entre diversos fenômenos melódico-harmônicos presentes na superfície musical e em camadas estruturais internas, revelando relações inusitadas para uma peça de música popular. É especificamente marcante a onipresença do intervalo de quarta justa, infiltrado nos mais diversos aspectos da construção musical, em todos os níveis estruturais observados.The present article examines the song Chovendo na roseira by Brazilian composer Antônio Carlos Jobim with focus on the deep structural relationships that exist among melody, harmony, and form. This was accomplished by using procedures of the Schenkerian analysis, here adapted for better adjustment to the characteristics of this specific piece. From the analytical process, it is possible to observe a consistent and hierarchical integration among the several melodic-harmonic phenomena present on the musical surface and some of the internal layers, which reveal relationships that are unusual in a popular music piece. It is especially remarkable the ubiquity of the interval of the perfect fourth, which is embedded in several of the aspects of musical construction, in all structural levels considered.

  3. Depreciação no Brasil e na Alemanha: as diferenças na aplicação a um tomógrafo e construção anexa = Depreciation in Brazil and Germany: differences in a Ct Scan and an Attached Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Albino Schultz

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo é uma análise das diferentes abordagens da depreciação na legislação fiscal no Brasil e na Alemanha. Foi realizada por meio de um estudo descritivo que simula a aplicação das diferentes fórmulas de cálculo das parcelas de depreciação deum tomógrafo e da construção anexa em um hospital universitário público e um hospital privado. A legislação fiscal brasileira mostrou-se mais simples que a alemã, contudo, ao mesmo tempo, permite um número indefinido de alternativas de depreciação, por ser possível a adoção de fórmulas de cálculo diferentes das especificadas na legislação. Além disso, constatou-se a ausência de uma legislação sobre a depreciação em instituições públicas. Já, na Alemanha, a legislação permite mais fórmulas de cálculo, entretanto, com parâmetros rígidos de enquadramento em determinados métodos utilizados como incentivo. A utilização da depreciação como forma de atribuir incentivos à renovação tecnológica e ao desenvolvimento de setores específicos é idêntica em ambos os países e, normalmente, é exercida por meio da depreciação acelerada. Uma característica específica da legislação alemã consiste no fato desta ser aplicada tanto a hospitais particulares quanto a hospitais públicos, enquanto que no Brasil a depreciação é exclusiva à contabilidade das empresas privadas.This study is an analysis of several different approaches of the reduction of the taxlegislation in Brazil and Germany. It was accomplished through a descriptive study thatsimulates the application of different formulas for calculating depreciation of portionsof a CT scan and the building attached to a public university hospital and a privatehospital. The Brazilian tax legislation proved to be simpler than the German, however,at the same time it allows an indefinite number of alternatives for depreciation, once itis possible the adoption of different formulas for calculating from

  4. Eesti kunstnikud Raumas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    27. septembrini Soomes toimuval Rauma Biennale Balticumil pealkirjaga 'Where are you from?' on Peeter Allikul väljas maalid sarjast '20. sajandi saladused' ja Kai Kaljol video 'Luuser'. Seminaril esines Ants Juske. Kuraator Aneta Szylak

  5. Evaluación ambiental de los fondos documentales de la biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás del CCHS-CSIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peña-Poza, Javier

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The most innovative procedure for preventive conservation of library holdings, especially those of historical interest, lies in the evaluation of environmental parameters witch have a negative effect on the conservation of such materials. The application of sensors permits for full, accurate and secure monitoring of environmental conditions and allows for the prediction of chemical-physical mechanisms of degradation, as well as of the most suitable procedures for controlling them. The sensors used in the present study were prepared by the sol-gel method and change colour when variations in the evaluated parameters occur. All of the sensors are reversible, reusable and can be regenerated. Temperature, relative humidity, illumination and acidity were the parameters evaluated. In the first stage, conventional apparatus were used to determine the critical ranges of variation for such parameters. Subsequently optical sensors sensitive in such ranges were designed and prepared. These sensors were calibrated and distributed throughout the rooms containing the holdings (approximately 3.200 square meters. The optical response of the sensors (change of colour was recorded by visible spectrophotometry during the spring and summer of 2009. The use of sensors has the following advantages: low cost, no need for wires or apparatus during exposure, small size, reversibility, and short response time. The resulting data have revealed the environmental conditions of the conservation of the holdings, including environmental acidity, a parameter that could not be evaluated previously through conventional procedures.

    El procedimiento más innovador de conservación preventiva de los fondos documentales de bibliotecas, especialmente los de carácter histórico, consiste en la evaluación de los parámetros ambientales que afectan negativamente a la conservación de los materiales implicados. La aplicación de sensores permite la monitorización completa, precisa y segura de las condiciones ambientales, predecir los mecanismos quimicofísicos de degradación y los procedimientos más adecuados para controlarlos. Los sensores de este estudio se prepararon por el procedimiento sol-gel y experimentan un cambio de color cuando varían los parámetros a evaluar. Todos los sensores son reversibles, regenerables y reutilizables. Los parámetros evaluados han sido temperatura, humedad relativa, iluminación y acidez. En la primera etapa se utilizaron aparatos convencionales para determinar los intervalos críticos de variación de dichos parámetros. Posteriormente se diseñaron y prepararon sensores ópticos con sensibilidad en esos intervalos, se calibraron y se distribuyeron en las salas de los fondos documentales (aproximadamente 3.200 m2. La respuesta óptica de los sensores (cambio de color se registró mediante espectrofotometría visible durante la primavera-verano de 2009. El uso de estos sensores presenta las siguientes ventajas: bajo coste, ausencia de cables y aparatos durante la exposición, pequeño tamaño, reversibilidad y tiempos cortos de respuesta. Los resultados han permitido conocer las condiciones ambientales de conservación de los fondos documentales, incluyendo la acidez ambiental que hasta ahora no es posible evaluar con los procedimientos convencionales disponibles.

  6. De com l'àtom es va fer útil i ensenyable

    OpenAIRE

    Marchán Carvajal, Iván; Sanmartí i Puig, Neus

    2014-01-01

    En aquest treball es presenta una proposta didàctica per aprendre un model per a l'estructura atòmica a 3r o 4t d'ESO. La construcció del model es duu a terme a partir de l'estudi de diverses situacions rellevants per a l'alumnat (contextos). Es justifica una seqüència d'activitats diverses que ajuden l'alumnat a contextualitzar, descontextualitzar i recontextualitzar les noves idees clau que s'estructuren entorn del model teòric sobre l'estructura atòmica. També es discuteix una ...

  7. Don Tomás Rueda Vargas: la nostalgia de aquella sabana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Acosta

    1979-06-01

    Full Text Available En la misma medida en que los hombres sustantivos de la Generación del Centenario van esfumándose en una memoria colombiana siempre más fugaz por la vertiginosa crónica contemporánea, sus valores se reafirman en la historia de nuestro siglo XX. El tiempo de su acción pertenece al pasado, aunque únicamente como individualidades que principiaron a abarcar su época tan pronto se inició cronológicamente este siglo, y para quienes, por lo mismo, cesó su ciclo vital unas décadas atrás. Pero su vigencia se mantiene indudablemente.

  8. "Siin on põrsad, kuid minge ka allkorrusele." / Toms Ancitis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ancitis, Toms

    2010-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Leedu paviljonidest EXPO maailmanäitusel Shanghais (1. mai - 31. oktoober 2010). Näituse teemaga "Parem linn, parem elu" juhitakse tähelepanu kiire linnastumisega kaasnevatele probleemidele

  9. International relations among Tom Thumbs: Taiwan as provider of aid Central America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Haro Navejas

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the Official Development Aid (AOD that has as its source Taiwan and as its destination Central America. It has three basic aims: Firstly, there is a huge bibliographic vacuum on the topic of these pages. Beginning filling it is an academic need. Even some intellectuals feel that they should lean against either Beijing or Taipei, that if they write on Taiwan they should defend or attack one of the contending parties. Here it is seen that a study close to objectivity is possible. Secondly, most of the research in International Relations has been focused on topics related with power itself or with just elements related with hard power. AOD is both hard and soft power, therefore this paper shades light to the dark side partially viewing international relations from a theoretical perspective were interactions help to construct identities and cooperation is an essential variable of world politics. Finally, it will be seen below that the Taiwanese cooperativeeconomic actions are helpful to the progress of poor parts of the Central American region and are helpful to create domestic markets with strong links with the world market deepening the economic integration both regional and global. Aid from Taiwan and some other countries, mainly through the transmission of know how, could be of assistance in surmounting huge troubles. Aid is vital because some of Central American’s problems are being exported mainly to México and the United States under the form, just to give an example, of Mara Salvatrucha gangs source of violence and drug trafficking. It is not meaningless to stress that Taiwanese ODA is by far not enough and is very small in the international context.

  10. Tom ja Anni ajavad isad-emad naerma / Kai Väärtnõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väärtnõu, Kai

    2007-01-01

    ETV lastesaate "Saame kokku Tomi juures" stsenarist on Jaak Urmet ehk Wimberg. Teksti improviseerivad ka näitlejad Karol Kuntsel ja Maria Soomets. Lisaks tutvustus "Pööningule purjetab proua Õietolmutuust"

  11. Keskerakond tasub slovaki annetuste eest Brüsselis / Tom Nicholson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nicholson, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Autori väitel on Slovakkia ärimeeste mitmekümne tuhande euro suurune annetus Keskerakonnale seotud Slovakkia Rahvapartei püüdlusega ühineda Euroopa Parlamendi ALDE fraktsiooniga. Keskerakond on ALDE liige

  12. Price rules in airline marketing / Elina Krauja-Veide, Marina Jõgi, Toms Andersons...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Lennukompaniide Air Baltic, Estonian Air, British Airways ja Lithuanian Airlines turundusjuhid olukorrast Baltimaade lennundusturul ja lennufirmade turundustegevusest. Kommenteerivad Priit Kivik, Ilona Kbejan, Julia Brjuhanova. Tabel

  13. Polymer materials for roll coated solar cells: strategies tom improve performance and stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heckler, Ilona Maria

    with stabilizing side chains, 2‐phenetyl and 2‐ethanol, respectively, to influence especially the device stability but also the performance. For most modifications a decrease of the solar cell efficiency was observed. The incorporation of 10% of these side chains show improvements of the stability of devices...

  14. Social infrastructure to integrate science and practice: the experience of the Long Tom Watershed Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebecca L. Flitcroft; Dana C. Dedrick; Courtland L. Smith; Cynthia A. Thieman; John P. Bolte

    2009-01-01

    Ecological problem solving requires a flexible social infrastructure that can incorporate scientific insights and adapt to changing conditions. As applied to watershed management, social infrastructure includes mechanisms to design, carry out, evaluate, and modify plans for resource protection or restoration. Efforts to apply the best science will not bring anticipated...

  15. Barb'ra Allen, Tom Dooley, and Sweet Betsy from PS 42.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praver, Jerry; Praver, Bev

    1984-01-01

    Folk music is not necessarily old, anonymous, or unwritten. Its most important characteristic is change through the folk process. Folk music is a part of our national heritage that children can usually acquire only in school. It can be used to support a variety of school subjects. (CS)

  16. A Community Terrain-Following Ocean Modeling System (ROMS/TOMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    Res., 109, C01015, doi:10.1029/2002JC001702. Fennel, K., J. Wilkin, M. Previdi, and R. Najjar, 2008: Denitrification effects on air-sea CO2 flux in the...nested biological -physical model of the California Current System and comparisons with statistics from satellite imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 111

  17. Inmortalidad e Intelección según Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Ezequiel Téllez Maqueo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available After a brief discussion and some conclusions on the meaning of the eternity and inmortality of the soul according to Aristotle, the paper tries to show some differences between Aristotle's and Aquinas's approaches to the subject,

  18. Minors and informed consent : a comparative approach / Loes Sultiens, Tom Goffin, Pascal Borry...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Nõukogu "Inimõiguste ja biomeditsiini konventsiooni" artikli 6 (Nõusoleku andmiseks võimetu isiku kaitse) täitmise võrdlev analüüs erinevate Euroopa riikide siseriikliku õiguse kontekstis. Eesti kohta lk. 26-27

  19. Richard Wright's Successful Failure: A New Look at "Uncle Tom's Children"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, James R.

    1973-01-01

    A reevaluation of novelist Richard Wright's first book, which is a collection of five short stories-- Big Boy Leaves Home,'' Down by the Riverside,'' Long Black Song,'' Fire and Cloud,'' and Bright and Morning Star''--and an introductory essay, The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.'' (JM)

  20. The relationship between sperm function and diet: toms are what they eat

    Science.gov (United States)

    It is well known that cryopreserved semen could be used to regenerate commercial or research poultry lines; however, fertility rates from poultry semen frozen with current methods are not reliable enough for germ-line retrieval, especially from lines with low reproductive efficiency. As part of a l...

  1. Tom Bevill Upper Lock Approach, Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, Alabama: Hydraulic Navigation Investigation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Winkler, Michael

    2003-01-01

    .... The lock is located on the left overbank about 332.7 river miles above the mouth of the Mobile River and is designed to maintain a minimum upper pool extending upstream to river mile 342.2 during low flows...

  2. evaluation of the nutritional quality of “tom brown” weaning diet

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    choice of the right type of food to eat is problematic to many people. This often leads people to eat merely to satisfy hunger, while others eat to reflect their status in the society. The wrong choice of food may result in various nutrition-related diseases such as kwashiorkor, marasmus, obesity, anaemia, and weaning problems.

  3. Tomáš Akvinský: O principech přirozenosti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Heider, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 2 (2010), s. 181-196 ISSN 1214-8407 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA900090802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : principle * cause * form * matter * Aristotle Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  4. Tomášova etika ctností z pohledu filosofie a psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    KILBERGR, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    The first part deals with the concept of virtue ethics in the view of Summa theologica. Its basis is acquired from classical philosophy of ancient scholars. Firstly, it is necessary to describe Plato's and Aristoteles systematical approach to virtues. Plato's approach is parallel with the concept of the state. Aristotle's has a system divided into rational and moral virtues, which is a small entanglement of this topic. The last systematical approach in ancient times takes Stoic's way with dua...

  5. Mapocho pedaleable, Santiago, Chile: Tomás Echiburú, Osvaldo Larrain, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Echiburú,Tomás; Larrain,Osvaldo

    2013-01-01

    La geografía como soporte de espacio público e infraestructura: el cauce de un río urbano y pequeñas intervenciones puntuales dan lugar a un paseo continuo para rodados, con una dimensión urbana y territorial que recuerda la síntesis de los planes urbanos de Le Corbusier para Latinoamérica.

  6. Visual Archaeology: Cultural Change Reflected by the Covers of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fee, Samuel B.; Fee, Tara R.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we describe the merits of "visual archaeology," or understanding the past through the analysis of images, as a method for teaching historical context. We begin by articulating the typical archaeological process for studying and analyzing material artifacts, and then describe the possibilities this process offers for…

  7. The Duality Motif in Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

    OpenAIRE

    TIEDEMANN, Mark

    2004-01-01

    これは、ローゼンクランツとギルデンスターンは死んだという劇の中の、様々な問題点に関する、トム・ストッパードの考察における二重性の使い方の分析である。二つずつ様々な問題点を紹介すること、例えば芸術と現実、決定論と自由論、生と死が劇の中の構造組織を形成する。また、お互いに鏡のように映し合いながら演じることで、ストッパードは問題点を解明できる。...

  8. Tom Fraser, Andrew Mango, Robert McNamar, The Makers of the Modern Middle East

    OpenAIRE

    AKAN, SELEN

    2013-01-01

    maneuvers did not reject his demand but kept him on hold, as Lord Kitchener recommended not alienating the Arabs (p.61). Not informing Hussein, Britain made a secret agreement with France; Sykes-Picot Agreement regarding the division of the Middle East (p.63). On the other hand, for the negotiations

  9. Tom W. Bonner Prize in Nuclear Physics Talk: Finding Real Nuclei in Imaginary Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieper, Steven C.

    2010-02-01

    Ab initio calculations of nuclei treat a nucleus as a system of A nucleons interacting by realistic two- (N ) and three-nucleon (N ) forces. Variational Monte Carlo (VMC) followed by Green's function Monte Carlo (GFMC) is a very successful ab initio method for light nuclei. The VMC gives an upper bound to the true energy of a nucleus for a given Hamiltonian; the closeness of the upper bound to the exact solution of the Schr"odinger equation depends on the physical insight built into the trial wave function, ψT, that is used. GFMC starts with a ψT and, by propagation in imaginary time, allows the exact lowest eigenenergy for a given set of quantum numbers to be computed. The first VMC calculations of nuclei were published in 1981 by Lomnitz-Adler, Pandharipande, and Smith. They were for ^3H and ^4He using the Reid N potential. Six years later, Carlson published the first GFMC calculations of nuclei, again for ^3H and ^4He, but using a slightly-simplified N potential; in the following year he used the full Reid V8 potential. Pudliner, Pandharipande, Carlson, and Wiringa published GFMC calculations of A=6 nuclei in 1995, using the Argonne V18 N potential and the Urbana IX N potential. Since then there has been steady progress in applying GFMC to larger nuclei. This has been from both increasing computer power and new or improved algorithms. The largest computers are increasingly difficult to use efficiently, but, as a result of a SciDAC collaboration, we now get excellent scalability up to 131,000 cores on Argonne's IBM Blue Gene/P. In addition we have found that the GFMC can be used for multiple states with the same quantum numbers. With the Argonne V18 and Illinois N potentials, we obtain an excellent description of the properties of nuclei up to A = 12. I will describe these methods, present recent advances in using the largest computers, and some recent results. )

  10. Que fez São Tomás de Aquino diante de Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grimaldo Carneiro Zachariadhes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o diálogo de setores da Igreja Católica com o pensamento marxista. É privilegiado neste trabalho o Centro de Estudos e Ação Social (Ceas, uma instituição fundada pelos jesuítas na Bahia. Procurarei demonstrar como esta instituição da Companhia de Jesus reinterpretou o marxismo 310 com base na sua visão cristã, contribuindo para a construção de um novo pensamento social católico no Brasil, durante a segunda metade do século XX.

  11. O tom do cuidado de enfermagem para alunos de graduação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Helena do Espirito Santo

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Embora o cuidado seja apontado como essência da Profissão pouco se discute sobre seus significados no ensino de enfermagem. O trabalho objetivou identificar o significado do cuidado para alunos visando contribuir para um ensino mais contextualizado. Para guiar o estudo utilizamos os conceitos de filiação e noção de membro da Etnometodologia. Os sujeitos foram alunos do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem de uma instituição do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas semi-estruturadas após dinâmica de grupo que buscou apreender como os alunos descreviam o cuidado até aquele momento do curso. Concluímos que na medida em que os alunos vão se filiando à Enfermagem, incorporam conceitos que contribuem para reforçar ou transformar o que trouxeram de experiências anteriores e daquelas vividas durante o curso de graduação. Logo, conceitos e comportamentos vão sendo apreendidos e reproduzidos pelo aluno como componentes de sua identidade profissional.

  12. Pojetí metafyziky podle Tomáše Akvinského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svoboda, David

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 25 (2006), s. 20-38 ISSN 1212-8570 Grant - others:GA UK(CZ) 522/2005 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Metaphysics * Being * Science Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. Participace v díle Tomáše Akvinského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svoboda, David

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 2 (2010), s. 161-179 ISSN 1214-8407 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA900090802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : participation * Aquinas * metaphysics Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  14. Inzicht fotosynthese belangrijk voor CO2 doseren en belichten (interview met Tom Dueck)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kierkels, T.; Heuvelink, E.; Dueck, T.A.

    2014-01-01

    Vroeger was het vooral een curiositeit dat er planten bestaan die voornamelijk ’s nachts CO2 binden, de CAM-planten. Maar het is in de glastuinbouw geen uitzondering meer. Inmiddels hoort de best verkochte potplant – phalaenopsis – tot deze groep. Dus dan dringen zich vragen op als: wanneer gedragen

  15. Trafficking of Human Beings from a Human Rights Perspective. Towards a Holistic Approach, Tom Obokata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Husson

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, comme l’indique clairement son titre, concerne le trafic d’êtres humains, phénomène aussi courant que répandu de nos jours, et qui tire son origine d’anciennes pratiques comme l’esclavage, le servage ou même de la « traite des Blanches ». Il concernerait, chaque année, à l’échelle de la planète, entre 600 000 et 800 000 personnes, femmes et enfants pour la plupart et représenterait un marché extrêmement lucratif. L’auteur se concentre sur la traite contemporaine, favorisée par pl...

  16. Sl-IAA27 regulates strigolactone biosynthesis and mycorrhization in tomato (var. MicroTom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillotin, Bruno; Etemadi, Mohammad; Audran, Corinne; Bouzayen, Mondher; Bécard, Guillaume; Combier, Jean-Philippe

    2017-02-01

    Root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is a complex and finely tuned process. Previous studies have shown that, among other plant hormones, auxin plays a role in this process but the specific involvement of Aux/IAAs, the key regulators of auxin responses, is still unknown. In this study, we addressed the role of the tomato Sl-IAA27 during AM symbiosis by using Sl-IAA27-RNAi and pSL-IAA27::GUS stable tomato lines. The data show that Sl-IAA27 expression is up-regulated by the AM fungus and that silencing of Sl-IAA27 has a negative impact on AM colonization. Sl-IAA27-silencing resulted in down-regulation of three genes involved in strigolactone synthesis, NSP1, D27 and MAX1, and treatment of Sl-IAA27-silenced plants with the strigolactone analog GR24 complemented their mycorrhizal defect phenotype. Overall, the study identified an Aux/IAA gene as a new component of the signaling pathway controlling AM fungal colonization in tomato. This gene is proposed to control strigolactone biosynthesis via the regulation of NSP1. No claim to original US government works New Phytologist © 2016 New Phytologist Trust.

  17. Jubileuszowy tom zbiorowy („Festschrift”) jako interakcyjny i intertekstualny gatunek komunikacji naukowej

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hoffmannová, Jana

    -, č. 6 (2013), s. 359-372 ISSN 1899-0983 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/12/1829 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : scientific discourse * genre * intertextuality * interaction * dedication * speech acts * stylistics * rhetorics Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  18. Invited Colloquium--on Publishing in Applied Linguistics: A Forum on Innovation and Challenges in a Changing World, AAAL Conference 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrnes, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    Under the leadership of then 1st vice president and program chair Aneta Pavlenko, Temple University, the 2014 AAAL conference had as one of its focal areas the changing scene of publishing in a digital and global age. Within an array of offerings addressing the theme, this three-hour invited colloquium, organized by Heidi Byrnes, Georgetown…

  19. Polysulphone composite membranes modified with two types of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ALICJA WEDEL-GRZENDA1, ANETA FRACZEK-SZCZYPTA1,∗, MAURICIO TERRONES2,3,. ANA LAURA ELÍAS2, MALGORZATA LEKKA4, ELZBIETA MENASZEK5 and STANISLAW BLAZEWICZ1. 1AGH-University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Department of Biomaterials,.

  20. Contr rol of r root-kn saw not nem wdust matod in tom e by u mato ro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    d sawdust at ere investiga oculum leve. An increase in ty of chloride was evaluat ertiessuchas ly with grad ell as leaf p m in the soil h respect to i controls). Ho ... atode. At the endments. mulates as f ful and toxic le terms of the C can Journ sing c oot. S. College, Al. 14. 100% v/v in root-knot nem in clay pots tion in the fie.

  1. Politics and economics in Tomás Anzano's ‘Análisis del comercio del trigo’ (1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Astigarraga

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the political and economic significance of T. Anzano’s Análisis del comercio del trigo (1795, published as part of the Spanish edition of J.C. Hebert’s Ensayo sobre la policía general de los granos, which Anzano himself translated. Hebert's essay is considered to be one of the most influential contributions to the moderate defence of free trade within the context of the European Enlightenment. As he had done in a previous publication of 1768, Anzano proposed certain modifications to the liberalization of the commerce of grains as set out in Pragmática (1765. However, while his earlier treatise had been formulated in opposition to an ideal of power represented by Campomanes, his Análisis del comercio was designed to support the interventionist tendency of the Concejo de Castilla, and therefore implied a critique of the liberal approach defended by Jovellanos’ Informe de Ley Agraria (1795. This critique was informed by an inclination to defend the interests of consumers and agrarian workers, and was influenced by the English political model and a certain degree of republican humanism. Anzano’s economic doctrines enshrined an approach that emphasized regulation and administration, and was marked by anti-physiocrat and cameralist influences.

  2. Europski sustav osposobljavanja osoba za vozače vozila na motorni pogon i mjesto Republike Hrvatske u tom sustavu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nenad Zuber

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The analytical data on the status of road traffic safety inthe Republic ofCroatia in 1995 as compared to the year1994indicates a slight decrease in the number of injuries and fatalinjuries sustained in road traffic accidents, in the incidence ofaccidents with injuries and incidence of accidents in general,despite the reported increase in motor fuel sales and active integrationof a substantial segment of the road system in the Republicof Croatia.Regardless of the causes of road traffic accidents, relevantfactors of influence, types of road traffic accidents, locations,vehicle structure and technical functioning status, and circumstancesof accidents, it is indisputable that the years of servicei.e. experience (or better, non-experience of drivers appear tobe of major impact upon the number of accidents. Of 62,120road traffic accidents in 1994, 44.4% of accidents resultingfrom driver error were caused by drivers having up to threeyears of driving experience, making 42.9% of all accidents.This fact is both logical and notorious, applying not only tothe Republic of Croatia but to most European countries. Themethods and activities taken to change these figures (effecttheir decrease differ.

  3. Inside the mind of poor Tom--A multidimensional approach to determine causes for redundant clothing in patients with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahintamani, Tathagata; Ram, Daya; Mitra, Sayantanava

    2015-06-30

    Redundant clothing (RC) is a readily observable feature of schizophrenia. While abnormal thermoregulation, thyroid dysfunction and autonomic dysregulation have been postulated to account for RC, no identified factor yet conclusively explains this enigmatic behaviour. This study attempted to determine the cause(s) of RC in schizophrenia. Two groups of 20 age- and sex-matched patients with and without RC were studied. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded, and patients were assessed for psychopathology (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)), cognitive function (Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS)), and autonomic and thyroid function. Those with RC differed significantly from those without RC in education, occupation, marital status and duration of untreated psychosis (DUP). They were more disorganised, more withdrawn, and had significant affective impairment. The RC group also had significantly higher negative, general and total psychopathology scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, significantly poorer cognitive function, greater autonomic dysfunction, and lower free T3 and free T4 concentrations. We propose that the dimension of RC could define a subgroup with poorer premorbid functioning and a longer DUP, in whom cognitive dysfunction and prominent negative symptoms coloured the manifestations of deranged thermoregulation secondary to lower thyroid hormone levels and autonomic dysfunction, ultimately resulting in redundant clothing. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Tom, Huck, and Oliver Stone as Advocates in Kohlberg's Just Community: Theory-Based Strategies for Moral Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, Carol Gibb; Snyder, Kenneth

    1991-01-01

    Presents a theoretical rationale for implementing procedures that can foster moral development. Builds on Kohlberg's studies of moral reasoning, specifically his concept of the just community approach where the teacher and more advanced peers serve as advocates of mature moral reasoning. Makes a case for using contemporary films and literature as…

  5. Ética y razon universal en el pensamiento de Santo Tomás de Aquino

    OpenAIRE

    Cayuela Cayuela, Aquilino

    2002-01-01

    ÉTICA Y RAZÓN UNIVERSAQL EN EL PENSAMIENTO DE SANTO TOMÁS DE AQUINO (RESUMEN) Aquilino Cayuela Cayuela El presente estudio se centra, en un primer momento, en el tema de la providencia, visto con detenimiento y en la complejidad de sus múltiples implicaciones desde la metafísica o la teología hasta la ética y la política, para ello partimos de un marco, desarrollado en esta Introducción, donde analizamos las distintas concepciones de la providencia desde los orígenes del pensamiento ...

  6. São Tomé and Príncipe; Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    Sao Tome and Principe stands at the threshold of the oil era. The government’s objective of stabilizing the non-oil primary fiscal deficit over the medium term is appropriate. Executive Directors support the government’s approach to monetary policy, which is consistent with the flexible exchange regime and focuses on limiting inflation and enhancing credit access for entrepreneurs. Sao Tome and Principe's flexible exchange rate regime remains appropriate. Sao Tome and Principe's statistical f...

  7. En torno a dos lecturas posibles sobre el conocimiento de las esencias en Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceferino P. D. Muñoz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to expose two possible views about knowledge of essences in Thomas Aquinas. On the one hand there is the critique of knowledge of philosopher Jacques Maritain, who will question that man’s access to the essences of things would be as simple as usually occurs. This situation leads us to what we call a gnoseologycal stance. On the other hand, we try to show that there is probably another horizon of different reading supported by the French philosopher. And this horizon can lead us to understand Aquinas’ claims from a viewpoint that we call metaphysics. Key words: Thomas Aquinas, Maritain, essence, nature, knowledge, metaphysics, critique of knowledge, gnoseology.

  8. Tom Stoppard'ın Rosencrantz ve Guildenstern Öldüler Adlı Oyununda Mizah ve Kader

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan, Ayça Ülker

    2016-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı karakterlerin kimlik arayışından kaynaklanan fiziksel mizahı tartışmak ve oyundaki ölüm/şans/kader/gerçeklik/yanılsama gibi temaların Rosencrantz ve Guildenstern’nin varoluşçu hayatlarında nasıl işlediğini göstermektir. Mizah, bu trajikomedinin analiz edilmesinde önemli bir rol oynar. Absürd Tiyatro, insanlık durumundaki saçmalığı ifade eder, rasyonel aygıtların kullanımını terk eder, insanın trajik kaybolmuşluk duygusunu yansıtır ve insanlık durumu olan hayat ve ölümle il...

  9. Conception, réalisation et application d'un magnétomètre atomique vectoriel

    OpenAIRE

    Le Prado , Matthieu

    2014-01-01

    Several technologies of atomic magnetometers have been developed since the60s. To obtain a technology capable of measuring magnetic fields lower than 50 nT and compatible with our isotropic scalar magnetometer, we had todevelop an atomic magnetometer in a configuration that has never been published.We calculated the resonances characteristic of the magnetometer with the formalism of the dressed atom and realized a prototype. The noise of the resulting magnetometer is lower than 1 or 0.1 pT/√H...

  10. Los comentarios griegos y latinos al De Interpretatione aristotélico hasta Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regla Fernández Garrido

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The authoress retraces the history of the Greek and Latin commentaries to Aristotle's Int. up to Thomas of Aquinas. For this purpose she analyzes the mentions of other commentaries in those of Ammonius of Alexandreia and Boethius, being that of Arnmonius the first extant one in Greek. From these two sources dependences and influences among the different commentaries are described.

  11. Sobre La Posibilidad De La Guerra Justa Entre Fieles Y Paganos En Tomás De Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Castañeda

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available This article studies Tomas de Aquine's ideas about war, specially those about the justice of war between Christians and nonbelievers. Analyzing the concept of peace and the relation between justice and charity in this writer's work, the article faces the question about religion's place in thoughts on just war and its application to pagan societies.

  12. CERES AuTomAted job Loading SYSTem (CATALYST): An automated workflow manager for satellite data production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleason, J. L.; Hillyer, T. N.; Wilkins, J.

    2012-12-01

    The CERES Science Team integrates data from 5 CERES instruments onboard the Terra, Aqua and NPP missions. The processing chain fuses CERES observations with data from 19 other unique sources. The addition of CERES Flight Model 5 (FM5) onboard NPP, coupled with ground processing system upgrades further emphasizes the need for an automated job-submission utility to manage multiple processing streams concurrently. The operator-driven, legacy-processing approach relied on manually staging data from magnetic tape to limited spinning disk attached to a shared memory architecture system. The migration of CERES production code to a distributed, cluster computing environment with approximately one petabyte of spinning disk containing all precursor input data products facilitates the development of a CERES-specific, automated workflow manager. In the cluster environment, I/O is the primary system resource in contention across jobs. Therefore, system load can be maximized with a throttling workload manager. This poster discusses a Java and Perl implementation of an automated job management tool tailored for CERES processing.

  13. Materie a nemateriální substance podle Bonaventury a Tomáše Akvinského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Machula, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 57, č. 2 (2009), s. 209-220 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Aquinas * Bonaventure * matter * immaterial substances Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  14. Major Tom to Ground Control: How Lipoproteins Communicate Extracytoplasmic Stress to the Decision Center of the Cell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laloux, Géraldine; Collet, Jean-François

    2017-11-01

    The envelope of bacteria is a complex multilayered shield that ensures multiple essential functions, including protecting the cell from external assaults. Hence, bacterial cells have evolved intricate mechanisms called envelope stress response systems (ESRS) to monitor all kinds of perturbations affecting the integrity of their envelope and to mount an appropriate response to contain or repair the damage. In the model bacterium Escherichia coli , several ESRS are built around a two-component system, in which envelope stress triggers a phosphotransfer between a sensor protein in the inner membrane of the envelope and a response regulator in the cytoplasm. In this review, we focus on two major ESRS in E. coli , the Rcs and Cpx pathways, in which additional proteins not directly involved in the phosphotransfer modulate signal transduction. Both the Rcs and Cpx systems can be turned on by a lipoprotein anchored in the outer membrane, RcsF and NlpE, respectively, providing a molecular connection between the most exterior layer of the envelope and the ground control center in the cytoplasm. Here, we review how these two lipoproteins, which share a striking set of features while being distinct in several aspects, act as sentinels at the front line of the bacterium by sensing and transducing stress to the downstream components of the Rcs and Cpx systems. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.

  15. Temmen en verontrusten: de atoombom in de strripverhalen Blake en Mortimer en Tom Poes (1946-1960)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. van Lente (Dick)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractUsing the ideas of Hannah Arendt and Jerome Bruner on the interpretive meaning of stories, the article analyses the contrasting images of the atom bomb in two very popular comics series in the Netherlands. One series attempted to reassure the readers about the impact of the new weapon,

  16. Spirituaalne ruum vaimsuse otsingutes = Sacred spaces as a medium for connecting people in their search for spirituality / Tom Callebaut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Callebaut, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Essees vaadeldakse arhitektuuri kui vahendit pakkumaks inimestele võimalust luua oma spirituaalne nägemus ja kogemus. Spirituaalse ruumi loomisel võetakse aluseks, et luuakse koht, kus inimestele antakse võimalus arendada individuaalselt või kollektiivselt oma spirituaalset identiteeti.

  17. Jonathan Reichert and Barbara Wolff-Reichert Award: Updating Lab Curricula via the Tom Sawyer method of painting a fence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spalding, Gabriel

    2014-03-01

    The undergraduate curriculum ought to provide a broad foundation for a career in experimental science. (After all, even theoretical physicists benefit from a foundational understanding of experimentalism - and may even, at some point in their careers, be called upon to teach undergraduate courses with labs.) Yet, while the teaching of mathematical formalism within the traditional physics major consists of an extended, ``spiral curriculum'' (which repeatedly revisits, reinforces, and refines key concepts), a great many programs would benefit from expanding the curricular ``space'' given to lab instruction: I will argue that research experience ought not be considered a substitute for the sort of broad grounding a full curriculum of lab instruction can provide. Most importantly, I will describe powerful ways in which we can help you to introduce new instructional lab modules (and models). Inertia is no longer a valid excuse: far too much assistance is available to you for it to be ignored. Let the revolution begin!

  18. Macrophages Undergo M1-to-M2 Transition in Adipose Tissue Regeneration in a Rat Tissue Engineering Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhijin; Xu, Fangfang; Wang, Zhifa; Dai, Taiqiang; Ma, Chao; Liu, Bin; Liu, Yanpu

    2016-10-01

    Macrophages are involved in the full processes of tissue healing or regeneration and play an important role in the regeneration of a variety of tissues. Although recent evidence suggests the role of different macrophage phenotypes in adipose tissue expansion, metabolism, and remodeling, the spectrum of macrophage phenotype in the adipose tissue engineering field remains unknown. The present study established a rat model of adipose tissue regeneration using a tissue engineering chamber. Macrophage phenotypes were assessed during the regenerative process in the model. Neo-adipose tissue was generated 6 weeks after implantation. Macrophages were obvious in the chamber constructs 3 days after implantation, peaked at day 7, and significantly decreased thereafter. At day 3, macrophages were predominantly M1 macrophages (CCR7+), and there were few M2 macrophages (CD206+). At day 7, the percentage of M2 macrophages significantly increased and remained stable at day 14. M2 macrophages became the predominant macrophage population at 42 days. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated transition of cytokines from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory, which was consistent with the transition of macrophage phenotype from M1 to M2. These results showed distinct transition of macrophage phenotypes from a pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype to an anti-inflammatory M2 in adipose tissue regeneration in our tissue engineering model. This study provides new insight into macrophage phenotype transition in the regeneration of adipose tissue. © 2016 International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Stanovení nelegálních látek v kosmetice pomocí moderních chromatograsfických metod

    OpenAIRE

    Novotná, Aneta

    2017-01-01

    Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Analytical Chemistry Candidate: Aneta Novotná Supervisor: Dr. Maria Albertovna Khalikova, Ph.D. Consultant: doc. RNDr. Dalibor Šatinský, Ph.D. Title of Graduation Thesis: Determination of illegal substances in cosmetics using modern chromatographic methods This diploma thesis deals with the development of ultra - fast liquid chromatographic method, which will best detect the preservatives used in cosmetics (parabens). The development of th...

  20. Biotransformation of selected anthelmintics in sheep tapeworm (Moniezia expansa)

    OpenAIRE

    Němečková, Aneta

    2015-01-01

    Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biochemical Sciences Candidate: Aneta Bečanová Supervisor: Mgr. Hana Bártíková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Biotransformation of selected anthelmintics in sheep tapeworm (Moniezia expansa) Biotransformation of anthelmintics is a process that prevents the parasite from adverse effects of xenobiotics. Therefore, it is the main factor that causes the reduction of an anthelmintic effect, resistance development and...

  1. Víra jako sociální opora

    OpenAIRE

    Holečková, Žaneta

    2016-01-01

    Name and Suriname of the autor: Žaneta Holečková Institution: Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Social Medicine, Department of Nursing Title: Faith es social support Supervisor: Mgr. Michaela Votroubková Number of pages: 59 Number of attachments: 6 Year of defense: 2016 Keywords: faith, social support, Christianity, religion, nursing, disease, patient Summary: This bachelor's thesis represents Christian faith in terms of social support. It is s...

  2. Spiritualita uživatelů marihuany

    OpenAIRE

    Bučková, Aneta

    2014-01-01

    TITLE: Marijuana users spirituality AUTHOR: Aneta Bučková DEPARTMENT: Department of psychology SUPERVISOR: Mgr. Radovan Hrubý ABSTRACT: The theme of this thesis is spirituality of the marihuana users. The first part of the thesis focuses on the problematic of definition of spirituality. Furthermore, spirituality is put in historical and cultural context of use of psychotropic substances and finally in context of actual researches and approaches. The goal of the research part is to determine w...

  3. A preliminary study on semen collection, evaluation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It was evaluated based on volume, mass motility, live-dead-ratio and sperm concentration, which were; 0.195 + 0.010mls (Tom 1) and 0.205 + 0.024mls (Tom 2), (+++) for both toms, 70% (for Tom 1) and 75% (for Tom 2) approximately and 6.150 ± 0.329 x109/ml and 6.295 ± 0.161 x109/ml for Tom1 and Tom 2 respectively.

  4. Comparison of ultraviolet Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) measurements of diffusers used in the calibration of the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Butler, J.J.; Park, H.; Barnes, P.Y.; Early, E.A.; Eijk-Olij, C. van; Zoutman, A.E.; Buller-Leeuwen, S. van; Groote Schaarsberg, J.

    2002-01-01

    The measurement and long-term monitoring of global total ozone by ultraviolet albedo measuring satellite instruments require accurate and precise determination of the Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) of laboratory-based diffusers used in the pre-launch calibration of those

  5. A simplified method for the thermal design of buildings in overseas departments; Methode simplifiee pour la conception thermique du batiment dans les DOM-TOM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    The main principles of climate (more especially tropical climate), thermal comfort and thermal architectural design are first reviewed, with emphasis on wall, roof and window heat transfers and natural and artificial air conditioning in tropical houses and buildings, with the objective of minimizing energy consumption and maximizing thermal comfort. Meteorological data and calculation diagrams are given for site and orientation optimization and building envelope dimensioning and design in tropical zones (example of New Caledonia)

  6. Ungaretti tradutor discreto e a analogia entre os poetas árcades Tomás Antônio Gonzaga e Giovanni Meli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Wataghin

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Sarà presentata e discussa l´interessante analogia, suggerita da Giuseppe Ungaretti, fra da poesia di T.A. Gonzaga e la poesia in dialetto siciliano di un altro arcade, Giovanni Meli, suo contemporaneo. In seguito, a partir dalle traduzioni realizzate da G. Ungaretti (1946, G. Vegessi-Ruscalla (1844, E. de Monglave e P. Chalas (1825 veranno commentari aspetti della poesia Tu não verás, Marília..., di T.A. Gonzaga, e della sua ricezione in epoche e paesi diversi.

  7. THE GENUS MIMOSA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TOM. QUADRIVALVIS L. VAR. LEPTOCARPA (D.C. EARNEDY, A NEW SPECIES RECORD FOR THE WEED FLORA IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAKI, B. BAKAR

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available An exploratory floristic survey of the genus Mimosa was conducted in 1993 to ascertain species diversity and their spatial patterns of distribution in Peninsular Malaysia. A new species record of uncertain indigene, M.. quadrivalvis was recorded for the first time in restricted localities along the roadsides in Pekan Darat and Bertam, Seberang Perai, Gurun and Bedong in Kedah in addition to widely distributed and seemingly ubiquitous presence of M. invisa Mart. ex. Colla and M. pudica L. The latter two species were mostly found in open, disturbed and derelict habitats, agricultural areas and ex-mining lands. Both species exhibited largely contagious and overdispersed distribution patterns with positive peaks in pattern intensity values although regularity or underdispersed distribution patterns do manifest in certain localities. The giant mimosa, M. pigra inhabited in clustered thickets, large pockets of lands in the urban and sub-urban localities in the states of Penang, Perak, Kelantan, Kuala Lumpur and Negeri Sembilan. In other states, M. pigra was confined to a few localities in smaller patches. Except for M. quadrivalvis, the other species of Mimosa are serious weeds in the agricultural, recreational and residential and derelict areas. A key to the Mimosa species is constructed along with brief descriptions on their morphology and ecology.

  8. Tomás Pérez Vejo. Elegía criolla. Una reinterpretación de las guerras de Independencia hispanoamericanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Urrego

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La historiografía latinoamericana y mexicana ha vivido un verdadero periodo de esplendor a raíz de la conmemoración del Bicentenario de las guerras de Independencia y son muchos los puntos de vista que sugieren una lectura crítica, alejada de las apologéticas visiones que desde el Estado, o gracias a él, intentan consagrar empalagosas exaltaciones a los héroes y a las naciones. Tal interés, sin embargo, no es exclusivo del fervor conmemorativo y, por el contrario, habría que recordar al menos dos grandes debates que tienen varias décadas y que no fueron producidos por el afán de las celebraciones.

  9. Tom Sawyer tahab päästa neegri, kuid jääb Draamateatri laval jänni / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Draamateatris 10. oktoobril 2010 esietendunud A. Kivirähk'i Mark Twaini teoste ainetel valminud uuest näidendist "Neegri vabastamine kõrgel kunstilisel tasemel", lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jr.

  10. Modelos para el diseño de experiencias transmedia en entornos educativos. Exploraciones en torno a The Walking Dead, La Odisea y Tom Sawyer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego MONTOYA-BERMÚDEZ

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto presenta dos modelos para el diseño de experiencias transmediales aplicables desde el contexto de la comunicación a escenarios pedagógicos. Usando como método la investigación a través del diseño, se sistematizan dos prácticas de transmediación: una de carácter narrativo en contextos educativos formales, y la otra experiencial para entornos pedagógicos informales; ambos ejercicios con fines comunes: incentivar la lectura y la escritura en distintos públicos, y potenciar las prácticas transmedia como dinamizadores de procesos de alfabetización mediática, en una idea de poner los medios de comunicación del lado de la educación. Dichas propuestas permitieron evidenciar, tanto desde los sistemas intertextuales como desde los intermediales, las potencialidades de la transmedialidad como vector articulador de procesos de creación y experimentación. Finalmente, como aporte, el texto se centra en la elaboración de una propuesta metodológica para el diseño transmedia de experiencias mediante la cual se plantea la intermedialidad como una mirada más amplia hacia la transmediación.

  11. Glycine-rich loop of mitochondrial processing peptidase α-subunit is responsible for substrate recognition by a mechanism analogous to mitochondrial receptor Tom20

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvořáková-Holá, Klára; Matušková, Anna; Kubala, M.; Otyepka, M.; Kučera, Tomáš; Večeř, J.; Heřman, P.; Parkhomenko, Natalia; Kutejová, E.; Janata, Jiří

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 396, č. 5 (2010), s. 1197-1210 ISSN 0022-2836 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA501110631 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50200510 Keywords : mitochondrial processing peptidase * presequence * substrate recognition Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 4.008, year: 2010

  12. Wittgenstein a privátnosti pocitů. Odpověď Tomáši Čanovi

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Koťátko, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 3 (2015), s. 459-462 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : utterance meaning * communicative intentions * linguistic conventions * privacy * mental states * feelings Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. Czech(-oslovak) National Commemorations during the Interwar Period: Tomáš G. Masaryk and the Battle of White Mountain Avenged

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hájková, Dagmara; Wingfield, N.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 3 (2010), s. 425-452 ISSN 1318-0185 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : Masaryk, T. G. * national identity * Czechoslovakia, history Subject RIV: AB - History Impact factor: 0.108, year: 2010

  14. Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Kemp, John P; Dimou, Niki L

    2017-01-01

    Bone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body less head bone...

  15. The Potential of the MAGIC TOM Parental Accessions to Explore the Genetic Variability in Tomato Acclimation to Repeated Cycles of Water Deficit and Recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripoll, Julie; Urban, Laurent; Bertin, Nadia

    2015-01-01

    Episodes of water deficit (WD) during the crop cycle of tomato may negatively impact plant growth and fruit yield, but they may also improve fruit quality. Moreover, a moderate WD may induce a plant "memory effect" which is known to stimulate plant acclimation and defenses for upcoming stress episodes. The objective of this study was to analyze the positive and negative impacts of repeated episodes of WD at the plant and fruit levels. Three episodes of WD (-38, -45, and -55% of water supply) followed by three periods of recovery ("WD treatments"), were applied to the eight parents of the Multi-Parent Advanced Generation Inter-Cross population which offers the largest allelic variability observed in tomato. Predawn and midday water potentials, chlorophyll a fluorescence, growth and fruit quality traits [contents in sugars, acids, carotenoids, and ascorbic acid (AsA)] were measured throughout the experiment. Important genotypic variations were observed both at the plant and fruit levels and variations in fruit and leaf traits were found not to be correlated. Overall, the WD treatments were at the origin of important osmotic regulations, reduction of leaf growth, acclimation of photosynthetic functioning, notably through an increase in the chlorophyll content and in the quantum yield of the electron transport flux until PSI acceptors (J 0 (RE1)/J (ABS)). The effects on fruit sugar, acid, carotenoid and AsA contents on a dry matter basis ranged from negative to positive to nil depending on genotypes and stress intensity. Three small fruit size accessions were richer in AsA on a fresh matter basis, due to concentration effects. So, fruit quality was improved under WD mainly through concentration effects. On the whole, two accessions, LA1420 and Criollo appeared as interesting genetic resources, cumulating adaptive traits both at the leaf and fruit levels. Our observations show that the complexity involved in plant responses, when considering a broad range of physiological traits and the variability of genotypic effects, represent a true challenge for upcoming studies aiming at taking advantage of, not just dealing with WD.

  16. BOOK REVIEW: ADRENALINE JUNKIES AND TEMPLATE ZOMBIES Understanding Patterns of Project Behavior by Tom Demarco, Peter Hruschka, Tim Lister, Steve McMenamin, James Robertson, Suzanne Robertson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DR. KADIR ALPASLAN DEMIR

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Today, armed forces are in continuous transformation. As new technologies are developed and new principles of war are introduced, the ministries of defenses and armed forces have to adapt to this changing environment. Almost every day, military officials start new projects to handle the technological and cultural transformations in the military. Project management became an integral part of defense development and management. Today, all high or middle level military officials are either a project sponsor overseeing a project, or a project manager executing a project, or a member of project team helping the project to become a reality. As a result, project management skills became an essential part of skillset that a military official need to successfully execute his/her duties.

  17. Ser y amor. Fundamentación metafísica del amor en Santo Tomás de Aquino.

    OpenAIRE

    Astorquiza Fierro, Patricia

    2002-01-01

    La presente tesis constituye un intento de fundamentar la posibilidad y la existencia de un amor verdaderamente desinteresado entre las personas. Teniendo en cuenta la conocida controversia entre las posturas 'física' y 'extática' a este respecto, se busca encontrar una respuesta intermedia que, por una parte, afirme la posibilidad de un verdadero desinterés en el amor y, por otra, no excluya la legitimidad del amor a uno mismo y la absoluta necesidad de algún modo de referencia al sujeto ama...

  18. Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C. Medina-Gomez (Carolina); J.P. Kemp (John); Dimou, N.L. (Niki L.); Kreiner, E. (Eskil); A. Chesi (Alessandra); B.S. Zemel (Babette S.); K. Bønnelykke (Klaus); Boer, C.G. (Cindy G.); T.S. Ahluwalia (Tarunveer Singh); H. Bisgaard; E. Evangelou (Evangelos); D.H.M. Heppe (Denise); Bonewald, L.F. (Lynda F.); Gorski, J.P. (Jeffrey P.); M. Ghanbari (Mohsen); S. Demissie (Serkalem); Duque, G. (Gustavo); M.T. Maurano (Matthew T.); D.P. Kiel (Douglas P.); Y.-H. Hsu (Yi-Hsiang); B.C.J. van der Eerden (Bram); Ackert-Bicknell, C. (Cheryl); S. Reppe (Sjur); K.M. Gautvik (Kaare); Raastad, T. (Truls); D. Karasik (David); J. van de Peppel (Jeroen); V.W.V. Jaddoe (Vincent); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); J.H. Tobias (Jon); S.F.A. Grant (Struan); Bagos, P.G. (Pantelis G.); D.M. Evans (David); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractBone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body

  19. Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Kemp, John P; Dimou, Niki L

    2017-01-01

    Bone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body less head bone...... mineral density (TBLH-BMD) regions in 10,414 children. The estimated SNP heritability is 43% (95% CI: 34-52%) for TBLH-BMD, and 39% (95% CI: 30-48%) for TB-LM, with a shared genetic component of 43% (95% CI: 29-56%). We identify variants with pleiotropic effects in eight loci, including seven established...... as in human muscle tissue. This is the first bivariate GWAS meta-analysis to demonstrate genetic factors with pleiotropic effects on bone mineral density and lean mass.Bone mineral density and lean skeletal mass are heritable traits. Here, Medina-Gomez and colleagues perform bivariate GWAS analyses of total...

  20. Detection of Multidecadal Changes in UVB and Total Ozone Concentrations over the Continental US with NASA TOMS Data and USDA Ground-Based Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Gao

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Thinning of the atmospheric ozone layer leads to elevated levels of Ultraviolet-B (UVB at the Earth's surface, resulting in an increase of health risks to living organisms due to DNA damage. This paper examines the multidecadal changes of total column ozone from 1979 to 2005 with the aid of ground-based UVB stations using the ultraviolet multifilter rotating shadow-band radiometer (UV-MFRSR. For the purpose of demonstration, four USDA ground stations, WA01, CO01, MD01, and AZ01, were selected for detailed comparisons against the satellite data. The major finding of this study is that over the course of the time series, on a monthly scale, the UV index (UVI has increased at the four selected USDA stations while total ozone has decreased in the continental USA over the past three decades and spatial distributions of UVI and total ozone have shown substantial variations from coastal zones to the Midwest Regions of the USA, yet the tendency toward recovery of ozone layer in the continental USA cannot be fully confirmed. This leads to a conclusion that the UVI changes might have been influenced by other factors in addition to the total ozone in the atmospheric environment across at least 76% of the continental USA.

  1. A interpretação de Aquarela do Brasil por Tom Jobim: tensões em um monumento da identidade musical brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Guilherme Poletto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe análise histórica do cenário musical brasileiro do final da década de 1960, com especial ênfase na trajetória de Antônio Carlos Jobim (1927-1994. Para tanto, aborda e problematiza a interpretação de Aquarela do Brasil, canção de Ary Barroso (1903-1964 gravada por Jobim em 1970. Propõe-se a analisar esta fonte, em contraponto com a gravação original de Francisco Alves realizada em 1939, além de outros documentos. A comparação entre arranjos e interpretação fixados nesses diferentes registros gravados de Aquarela do Brasil aponta elementos para a compreensão de possíveis novos sentidos gerados pela versão jobiniana. Os significados sugeridos por esta interpretação indicam potenciais tensões em conceito de identidade musical historicamente negociado ao longo do século XX na canção popular brasileira.

  2. O tom, co vidíme v mlze. Fenomenologická esej o nepředstavitelnosti nelidského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nitsche, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 69, č. 7 (2014), s. 604-612 ISSN 0046-385X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-22586S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : phenomenological topology * imagination * unrepresentability * non-human Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. Esence "uvažovaná absolutně" u Avicenny, Tomáše Akvinského a Jindřicha z Gentu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Němec, Václav

    -, Suppl.1 (2012), s. 72-98 ISSN 1214-8407 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : medieval philosophy * universals * Avicenna * Aquinas * Henry of Ghent Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  4. Aproximaciones al exilio de Tomás Segovia a través de la “fidelidad” de Goethe, Cesare Pavese y Albert Camus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houvenaghel, E.M.H.

    2014-01-01

    México 2011). Para ello, recurrimos a la noción de ‘fidelidad’ ya que Segovia considera el destierro una ‘experiencia de fidelidad-infidelidad’. Con el fin de llegar al mejor entendimiento de los orígenes del concepto de ‘fidelidad’ nos remontamos a sus ensayos de los años 50 y 60 (Sextante 1991) en

  5. Božie poznanie a predpoznanie vo filozofii Tomáša Akvinského (Divine Knowledge and Foreknowledge in the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľuboš Rojka

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available C. Hughes has raised some interesting questions regarding the explanation of divine foreknowledge in the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. The difficulties in understanding Aquinas originate not so much in his texts, but rather in a search for a deeper understanding of his position in the context of contemporary philosophy. Explanation of God’s knowledge and foreknowledge leads to an evaluation of the meaning of divine eternity and to a consideration of different kinds of necessities (absolute, ex suppositione assigned to God’s omniscience. The meaning of different necessities requires a better articulation in the context of recent metaphysics, because any obscurity depreciates Thomistic position in comparison with other theistic accounts.

  6. Wave activity (planetary, tidal) throughout the middle atmosphere (20-100km) over the CUJO network: Satellite (TOMS) and Medium Frequency (MF) radar observations

    OpenAIRE

    A. H. Manson; C. E. Meek; T. Chshyolkova; S. K. Avery; D. Thorsen; J. W. MacDougall; W. Hocking; Y. Murayama; K. Igarashi

    2005-01-01

    Planetary and tidal wave activity in the tropopause-lower stratosphere and mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) is studied using combinations of ground-based (GB) and satellite instruments (2000-2002). The relatively new MFR (medium frequency radar) at Platteville (40° N, 105° W) has provided the opportunity to create an operational network of middle-latitude MFRs, stretching from 81° W-142° E, which provides winds and tides 70-100km. CUJO (Canada U.S. Japan Opp...

  7. Sentarse a la mesa del Señor. Metaforizaciones y conflictos en La última cena de Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Fiorani

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La última cena by Gutiérrez Alea is based on an actual event that took place in Cuba: one Holy Thursday at the end of the Eighteen century the owner of a sugar plantation invites twelve of his slaves to dinner and shows them the path to salvation through the message of Christian Redemption. In particular, the film shows how during the Easter rite the messianic event and the metaphoric language of salvation lead to shifts in meaning that the slaves interpret as the concrete possibility for them to be free. The sacred of the liturgical act as an “action” that can be performed by the guests at the Lord’s table in order to reach freedom is reproduced by the very cinematographic language. Actually, the slaves oppose to the Christian account an “open word”, thus debunking the project of disciplining them and stirring a rebellion in which the contamination of the sacred with the profane becomes the epiphany of a new life: no more a celestial one, but a worldly and free life in the isle of Cuba.

  8. Diagnostic accuracy of GenoType®MTBDRslVER 2.0 in detecting second-line drug resistance toM. tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, R; Saini, A; Kaur, P; Behera, D; Sethi, S

    2018-04-01

    A tertiary care hospital in North India. To evaluate the GenoType® MTBDRsl VER 2.0 assay for rapid diagnosis of second-line drug resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The MTBDRsl VER 2.0 assay was performed on 431 multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis clinical isolates and specimens. The results were compared with phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) and DNA sequencing. Molecular characterisation of drug resistance using DNA sequencing was performed for gyrA, gyrB, rrs and eis. Of the 415 isolates, respectively 176 (42.4%) and 40 (9.6%) were resistant to levofloxacin (LVX) and kanamycin (KM). The sensitivity and specificity of MTBDRsl VER 2.0 compared with phenotypic DST in detecting LVX resistance were respectively 97.2% (95%CI 93.5-99.1) and 99.1% (95%CI 97-99.9), and for KM resistance they were respectively 92.5% (95%CI 79.6-98.4) and 99.5% (95%CI 98.1-99.9). The MTBDRsl VER 2.0 assay showed very high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of second-line drug resistance, suggesting it has potential for the rapid, early detection of such cases.

  9. Robert J. Flaherty and Seáinín Tom Ó Dioráin: Lights, Camera, and (Not Too Much Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ó h-Íde (Ihde

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Famed director Robert Flaherty’s first direct sound film, Oidhche Sheanchais, was recently discovered at Harvard University. This article discusses the impact that the discovery will have on our understanding of this short film, especially as concerns film studies and folklore. It notes several misunderstandings reported in the literature over the years that have now been set right with the finding of the film. The article points to resources held in archives in Ireland and the United States that can additionally address questions related to this film. While a noteworthy contribution to the filmography of Robert Flaherty, the short ‘talkie’ must be approached with caution by folklorists due to the coaching of actors and cinematographic editing.

  10. Innovación del gobierno colombiano para el sector minero energético Tomás González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia es evidente la necesidad de innovar en el sector público. En este artículo se presenta el caso específico de la innovación del gobierno en el sector minero. Para esto, se iniciará con la identificación del potencial minero en Colombia y las barreras para su explotación. En seguida se explorarán los planes de innovación del gobierno como una estrategia para sobrepasar aquellas barreras que impiden aprovechar este potencial.//The need to innovate the public sector in Colombia is evident. This article presents the specific case of governmental innovation within the mining sector. It begins with the identification of mining potential in Colombia and the barriers that impede its exploitation. It is concluded by exploring governmental innovation plans that seek to overcome those barriers to take full advantage of Colombia's potential.

  11. The potential of the MAGIC TOM Parental accessions to explore the genetic variability in tomato acclimation to repeated cycles of water deficit and recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie eRipoll

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Episodes of water deficit (WD during the crop cycle of tomato may negatively impact plant growth and fruit yield, but they may also improve fruit quality. Moreover, a moderate WD may induce a plant memory effect which is known to stimulate plant acclimation and defenses for upcoming stress episodes. The objective of this study was to analyze the positive and negative impacts of repeated episodes of WD at the plant and fruit levels. Three episodes of WD (-38 %, -45 % and -55 % of water supply followed by three periods of recovery (WD treatments, were applied to the 8 parents of the Multi-Parent Advanced Generation Inter-Cross population which offers the largest allelic variability observed in tomato. Predawn and midday water potentials, chlorophyll a fluorescence, growth and fruit quality traits (contents in sugars, acids, carotenoids and ascorbic acid (AsA were measured throughout the experiment. Important genotypic variations were observed both at the plant and fruit levels and variations in fruit and leaf traits were found not to be correlated. Overall, the WD treatments were at the origin of important osmotic regulations, reduction of leaf growth, acclimation of photosynthetic functioning, notably through an increase in the chlorophyll content and in the quantum yield of the electron transport flux until PSI acceptors (J0RE1/JABS. The effects on fruit sugar, acid, carotenoid and AsA contents on a dry matter basis ranged from negative to positive to nil depending on genotypes and stress intensity. Three small fruit size accessions were richer in AsA on a fresh matter basis, due to concentration effects. So, fruit quality was improved under WD mainly through concentration effects. On the whole, two accessions, LA1420 and Criollo appeared as interesting genetic resources, cumulating adaptive traits both at the leaf and fruit levels. Our observations show that the complexity involved in plant responses, when considering a broad range of physiological traits and the variability of genotypic effects, represent a true challenge for upcoming studies aiming at taking advantage of, not just dealing with WD.

  12. De los deseos de Peralta al deseo inconsciente (Lo cómico y el chiste en un cuento de Tomás Carrasquilla. // from Peralta`s desire to unconscious desire (The comic and the joke in a short story by Tomás Carrasquilla.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ricardo Gallo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Literature and, in this case, an “Antioquenian popular short story” tackle the elusiveness of truth from a comic perspective. The short story titled En la Diestra de Dios Padre (To the Right Hand of Father God is well known for being a funny story. Its very author defined it as a complex short story with deep theological and religious features. Its comic references reveal a deeper and more fundamental truth about human life. The paradox is that the comic is a semi-tell that saves the effort of intellection by laughing, but keeping the sense, not only of the content, but especially also the effort saved. This is, in other words, a brief technique to express a repressed truth. // La literatura, y en este caso un "cuento popular antioqueño", abordan lo esquivo de la verdad desde el ángulo cómico. El cuento En la diestra de Dios Padre es reconocido por lo chistoso. El mismo Tomas Carrasquilla lo definió como un complejo cuento de características teológico religiosas profundas. Es como si lo cómico que hay en él dejara traslucir verdades más profundas, más esenciales, de la vida humana. Lo paradójico es que lo cómico es un semidecir, ahorra el esfuerzo de la intelección a través de la risa, pero manteniendo el sentido no solo de lo contenido sino, en particular, del esfuerzo ahorrado. Es, para decirlo de otra manera, una técnica abreviada de evidenciar la verdad reprimida.

  13. History and the present of women football in the Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia)

    OpenAIRE

    Dědinová, Aneta

    2017-01-01

    Title of bachelor thesis: History and the present of organized woman's football in the Czech Republic/ Czechoslovakia Processed by: Aneta Dědinová Head of Bachelor Thesis: Doc. PhDr. Irena Slepičková, CSc. Aims of the work: Mapping the development and the current form of fiale football in the Czech Republic (hereinafter only the Czech Republic) in clubs and on a global scale. To find out how the situation in female football is perceived by representatives of local clubs and people working in ...

  14. 5-7 Year Old Children's Conceptions of Behaving Artifacts and the Influence of Constructing Their Behavior on the Development of Theory of Mind (ToM) and Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spektor-Precel, Karen; Mioduser, David

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, we are surrounded by artifacts that are capable of adaptive behavior, such as electric pots, boiler timers, automatic doors, and robots. The literature concerning human beings' conceptions of "traditional" artifacts is vast, however, little is known about our conceptions of behaving artifacts, nor of the influence of the…

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. K-Section Dam (NDI ID Number PA-1045, DER ID Number 1-84), Potomac River Basin, Tributary to Toms Creek, Adams County, Pennsylvania, Carroll Valley Borough. Phase I Inspection Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    CONTEITS PAGE SECTION I -PROJECT INFORMATION S*11 General 1 1.2 Description o Project I S1.3 Pertinent Data 2 SECTION 2 - ENGINEERING DATA 5 2.1 Design...5 2.2 Construrction 5 2.3 Operation 5 2.4 Evaluation 5 SECTION 3 - VISUL INSPECTION 6 3.1 Findings 6 3.2 Evaluation 7 SECTION 4 - OPERATIONAL...dam is pres- ently used for recreation. S. Design and Construction history. Based on information con- tained in the PannDER files, it appears as

  16. La injusticia legal como Juez de la adicción que juzgan: una continuidad en la diferencia paradigmática entre Santo Tomás y Habermas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Marcos Miné Vanzella

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo artigo si propone di identificare una certa filiazione critica del pen- siero di Habermas con la tradizione del pensiero di San Tommaso, attraverso l’aderenza agli elementi fondamentali della persona, della morale e dell’ingiustizia legale come vi- zio del giudice che giudica. Nel primo momento analizza il pensiero  filosofico di San Tommaso sui temi dell’ “Ingiustizia” e dell’ “Ingiustizia del giudice nel giudicare”, a par- tire da una visione generale di quest’opera.  Riguardo alla prima questione, si studiano quattro articoli: se l’ingiustizia è un vizio speciale; se è proprio dell’ingiusto praticare atti ingiusti; se possiamo soffrire l’ingiustizia volontariamente e se l’ingiustizia genericamente è un peccato mortale. Pure la seconda questione studia quattro articoli, cioè: se possiamo giudicare giustamente chi non dipende da noi; se è lecito al giudice, basandosi in quello che gli espongono, giudicare contro la verità che conosce; se il giudice può condannare giustamente chi non è accusato e se può licitamente ridurre la pena. Nel secondo momen- to presenta il pensiero di Habermas riguardo all’ingiustizia del giudice che giudica. Mos- tra il legame di Habermas con la filosofia della persona morale. La persona del giudice partecipa di una realtà mediata simbolicamente e sperimentata in questa mediazione, che è misura dell’imputazione della sua responsablità morale. Questa è ripensata attraverso la sua socializzazione e l’introduzione in un mondo della vita mediato simbolicamente. Si aggiunge il tema dell’ignoranza della legge in San Tommaso alla modalità di ingiustizia legale come vizio del giudice che giudica per ignoranza paradignatica del diritto. Dis- tingue il superamento del solipsismo metodico che esige da parte del giudice decisioni ben fondate: queste si esprimono come argomenti validi davanti alla comunità giuridica. Tale posizione sfocia a comprendere i discorsi di applicazione con perfezionamento della  ponderazione della procedura argomentativa. Si mostra l’aderenza di Habermas ai temi posti da San Tommaso, come pure la sua attualizzazione critica e la sua interpretazione.

  17. TOMS/N7 MS SO2 Vertical Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 50x50 km V2.00 (TOMSN7SO2) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The goal of this data set is to create and archive a Level 2 SO2 Earth Science Data Record (ESDR) from backscatter Ultraviolet (BUV) measurements from Total Ozone...

  18. La "Introducción" a la Crítica de la Razón Pura y el Comentario al De Trinitate de Boecio de Santo Tomás de Aquino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Llano

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Kant's "Introduction" of Critique of Pure Reason and questions 5 and 6 of Saint Thomas Aquinas's Commentary on Boethius Book De Trinitate, both of them represent a prelude to the nature of science and metaphysics. Nevertheless, Aquinas does not conceive a rationalist metaphysics, rightly criticized by Kant, but a knowledge that continues the physical, and not the mathematical, thinking. This different modus sciendi of metaphysics and mathematics, shows the limited scope of kantian's metaphysical criticism of philosophia perennis.

  19. Revelación divina a través de la belleza. Ver el mundo como un reflejo divino según Tomás de Aquino

    OpenAIRE

    Zambruno, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    A través del acto creador, Dios comunica su Sabiduría a los seres racionales quienes, partiendo de aquello que perciben en el cosmos, encuentran en las cosas cerradas vestigios del Creador. Dichos vestigios no son un fin en sí mismo, sino un elemento de apertura hacia la Trascendencia, un modo de comunicar que Dios tiende hacia los hombres, seres capaces de Dios y de encontrarlo en sus obras.

  20. Několik poznámek k filosofickým důkazům existence separovaných substancí u Tomáše Akvinského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jindráček, Efrem

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 7 (2012), s. 105-114 ISSN 1803-7860 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Thomas Aquinas * separate substances * philosophical argument for existence * demon * angel Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion