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  1. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Deficiency Anemia Explore Iron-Deficiency Anemia What Is... CAUSES WHO IS AT RISK SIGNS & SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENTS ... less hemoglobin than normal. Iron-deficiency anemia can cause fatigue (tiredness), shortness of breath, chest pain, and ...

  2. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and women are the two groups at highest risk for iron-deficiency anemia. Outlook Doctors usually can successfully ... With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video— ...

  3. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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    Full Text Available ... This Content: NEXT >> Featured Video Living With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video— ... treatment. For more information about living with and managing iron-deficiency anemia, go to the Health Topics ...

  4. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia? Español Iron-deficiency anemia is a common, easily ... Featured Video Living With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video—presented by the ...

  5. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia? Español Iron-deficiency anemia is a common, easily ... Featured Video Living With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video—presented by the ...

  6. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia? Español Iron-deficiency anemia is a ... Content: NEXT >> Featured Video Living With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video—presented ...

  7. Iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anemia - iron deficiency ... iron from old red blood cells. Iron deficiency anemia develops when your body's iron stores run low. ... You may have no symptoms if the anemia is mild. Most of the time, ... slowly. Symptoms may include: Feeling weak or tired more often ...

  8. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Blood Tests Blood Transfusion Restless Legs Syndrome Send a link to NHLBI to someone by E-MAIL | ... Iron-Deficiency Anemia? Español Iron-deficiency anemia is a common, easily treated condition that occurs if you ...

  9. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Deficiency Anemia What Is... CAUSES WHO IS AT RISK SIGNS & SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENTS PREVENTION LIVING WITH CLINICAL ... and women are the two groups at highest risk for iron-deficiency anemia. Outlook Doctors usually can ...

  10. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Topics Anemia Blood Tests Blood Transfusion Restless Legs Syndrome Send a link to NHLBI to someone by ... symptoms. Severe iron-deficiency anemia can lead to heart problems, infections, problems with growth and development in ...

  11. Iron deficiency anemia Review

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldız, İnci

    2009-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is the most frequent and widespread anemia around the world Its prevalence is increased in infants and adolescent girls The etiologic factors may vary but anemia is essentially related to iron deficient nutrition blood loss and malabsorption Children may have paleness cardiovascular and neurologic impacts of anemia pica epithelial changes as koilonychia glossitis angular stomatitis Treatment is by oral or parenteral supplementation of iron Turk Arch Ped 2009; 44 Suppl: ...

  12. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... symptoms. Severe iron-deficiency anemia can lead to heart problems, infections, problems with growth and development in ... 18/2011 This video—presented by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National ...

  13. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Entire Site Health Topics News & Resources Intramural Research Public Health Topics Education & Awareness Resources Contact The Health ... Severe iron-deficiency anemia can lead to heart problems, infections, problems with growth and development in children, ...

  14. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... CAUSES WHO IS AT RISK SIGNS & SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENTS PREVENTION LIVING WITH CLINICAL TRIALS LINKS Related Topics ... Doctors usually can successfully treat iron-deficiency anemia. Treatment will depend on the cause and severity of ...

  15. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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    Full Text Available ... Health Topics Education & Awareness Resources Contact The Health Information Center Health Professionals Systematic Evidence Reviews & Clinical Practice ... and see the benefits of treatment. For more information about living with and managing iron-deficiency anemia, ...

  16. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Alerts E-Newsletters About NHLBI Organization NHLBI Director Budget, Planning, & Legislative Advisory Committees Contact Us FAQs Home » ... severity of the condition. Treatments may include dietary changes, medicines, and surgery. Severe iron-deficiency anemia may ...

  17. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... intravenous iron therapy. Rate This Content: NEXT >> Featured Video Living With and Managing Iron-Deficiency Anemia 05/18/2011 This video—presented by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood ...

  18. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... body. Low iron levels usually are due to blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from food. Overview Iron-deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia . The term "anemia" usually refers to ...

  19. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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    Full Text Available ... the body. Iron-deficiency anemia usually develops over time if your body doesn't have enough iron ... Institutes of Health—shows how Susan, a full-time worker and student, has coped with having iron- ...

  20. Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Ahari

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available The object of this paper is to draw attention to iron deficiency anemia which is the most common nutritional disturbance in infants and children. Iron deficiency anemia constitutes the most prevalent form of anemia in this age group. The records of infants and children admitted to the Pediatric Department of Tehran University Puhlavi Hospital for various ailments during a one year period (Mnrch l!l63 - HHi-t were analyzed. 262 infants and children out of a total number of an5, or 7t•/., showed iron deficiency anemia detect cd by blood film studies and hemoglobin determination, The majority, 123 or 4{.!t•/., of these patients were infants and children between six months and two years of age. The etiology indicates that faulty feeding is the main cause. Infections, parnsitcs, and hemorrhage were among other causes observed. ,'('itll regard to treatment, parenteral iron was preferred because cf its ef., Icctivcncss in short periods of hospital stay. In conclusion, the routine study of blood films and hemoglobin determiualion, especially in the low socio _ economic group of medically less organized countries is advised

  1. Iron-Deficiency Anemia (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Iron-Deficiency Anemia KidsHealth > For Parents > Iron-Deficiency Anemia Print A ... common nutritional deficiency in children. About Iron-Deficiency Anemia Every red blood cell in the body contains ...

  2. Iron deficiency anemia in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Girish; Girish, Meenakshi

    2015-06-01

    Iron deficiency is not just anemia; it can be responsible for a long list of other manifestations. This topic is of great importance, especially in infancy and early childhood, for a variety of reasons. Firstly, iron need is maximum in this period. Secondly, diet in infancy is usually deficient in iron. Thirdly and most importantly, iron deficiency at this age can result in neurodevelopmental and cognitive deficits, which may not be reversible. Hypochromia and microcytosis in a complete blood count (CBC) makes iron deficiency anemia (IDA) most likely diagnosis. Absence of response to iron should make us look for other differential diagnosis like β thalassemia trait and anemia of chronic disease. Celiac disease is the most important cause of true IDA not responding to oral iron therapy. While oral ferrous sulphate is the cheapest and most effective therapy for IDA, simple nonpharmacological and pharmacological measures can go a long way in prevention of iron deficiency. PMID:25636824

  3. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Digg. Share this page from the NHLBI on Facebook. Add this link to the NHLBI to my ... such as tiredness, poor skin tone, dizziness, and depression. After her doctor diagnosed her with iron-deficiency ...

  4. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... iron-rich protein that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Iron-deficiency ... 2011 This video—presented by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes ...

  5. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide (a waste ... Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow- ...

  6. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide (a waste product) from your body. Anemia ... Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the ...

  7. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide (a waste product) from your body. Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin). Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the ...

  8. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide ( ... your body. Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE- ...

  9. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... TREATMENTS PREVENTION LIVING WITH CLINICAL TRIALS LINKS Related Topics Anemia Blood Tests Blood Transfusion Restless Legs Syndrome Send a link to NHLBI to someone by E-MAIL | PRINT | SHARE this page from the NHLBI BOOKMARK & SHARE X Share this ...

  10. Genetics Home Reference: iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... refractory iron deficiency anemia iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. ... All Close All Description Iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia is one of many types of anemia , which ...

  11. FastStats: Anemia or Iron Deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button NCHS Home Anemia or Iron Deficiency Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... visits Number of visits to emergency departments with anemia as the primary hospital discharge diagnosis: 237,000 ...

  12. Reticulocyte maturity indices in iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Wollmann

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the reticulocyte maturity indices (low, medium, and high fluorescence ratios in iron deficient 1- to 6-year-old children, and identify the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in this population. Methods: The present study included 39 subjects, divided into two groups: control subjects (n = 33, and subjects with iron deficiency anemia (n = 6. The results were analyzed by Student's t-test for comparison of means. Differences were considered significant when two-tailed p-value < 0.05. Results: Subjects with iron deficiency anemia presented increases in the proportion of mean (10.3 ± 4.7% vs. 6.0 ± 3.4%; p-value = 0.003, and high fluorescence reticulocytes (2.3 ± 0.87% vs. 0.9 ± 0.9%; p-value = 0.03 compared to the control group. The prevalence of anemia in this population was 15% (n = 6. Conclusion: The indices related to immaturity of reticulocytes are higher in the presence of iron deficiency, thus demonstrating a deficiency in the raw material to form hemoglobin and are, therefore, possible early markers of iron deficiency and anemia. We emphasize the need to standardize these indices for use in clinical practice and lab test results.

  13. Iron deficiency anemia from diagnosis to treatment in children

    OpenAIRE

    Özdemir, Nihal

    2015-01-01

    Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide and an important public health problem especially in developing countries. Since the most important indicator of iron deficieny is anemia, the terms “iron deficiency” and “iron deficiency anemia” are often used interchangeably. However, iron deficiency may develop in the absence of anemia and the tissues may be affected from this condition. The most common causes of iron deficiency in children include insufficient intake toge...

  14. CORD SERUM FERRITIN AS BIOCHEMICAL MARKER IN IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sherin; Jyothy

    2014-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is by far the most frequent type of anemia seen in pregnancy, accounting for 90% or more of all cases. Iron deficiency anemia has adverse consequences on infant development. Therefore maternal anemia should be prevented and treated. Serum ferritin is the single best non-invasive test and is a very useful and reliable index of iron stores especially during pregnancy, with low levels indicating iron deficiency. While infants born to anemic mother are ...

  15. The Evidence-Based Evaluation of Iron Deficiency Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hempel, Eliana V; Bollard, Edward R

    2016-09-01

    Anemia is a prevalent disease with multiple possible etiologies and resultant complications. Iron deficiency anemia is a common cause of anemia and is typically due to insufficient intake, poor absorption, or overt or occult blood loss. Distinguishing iron deficiency from other causes of anemia is integral to initiating the appropriate treatment. In addition, identifying the underlying cause of iron deficiency is also necessary to help guide management of these patients. We review the key components to an evidence-based, cost-conscious evaluation of suspected iron deficiency anemia. PMID:27542426

  16. Iron deficiency anemia in inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaitha, Sindhu; Bashir, Muhammad; Ali, Tauseef

    2015-08-15

    Anemia is a common extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is frequently overlooked as a complication. Patients with IBD are commonly found to have iron deficiency anemia (IDA) secondary to chronic blood loss, and impaired iron absorption due to tissue inflammation. Patients with iron deficiency may not always manifest with signs and symptoms; so, hemoglobin levels in patients with IBD must be regularly monitored for earlier detection of anemia. IDA in IBD is associated with poor quality of life, necessitating prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. IDA is often associated with inflammation in patients with IBD. Thus, commonly used laboratory parameters are inadequate to diagnose IDA, and newer iron indices, such as reticulocyte hemoglobin content or percentage of hypochromic red cells or zinc protoporphyrin, are required to differentiate IDA from anemia of chronic disease. Oral iron preparations are available and are used in patients with mild disease activity. These preparations are inexpensive and convenient, but can produce gastrointestinal side effects, such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, that limit their use and patient compliance. These preparations are partly absorbed due to inflammation. Non-absorbed iron can be toxic and worsen IBD disease activity. Although cost-effective intravenous iron formulations are widely available and have improved safety profiles, physicians are reluctant to use them. We present a review of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of IDA in IBD, improved diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, efficacy, and safety of iron replacement in IBD. PMID:26301120

  17. Iron deficiency anemia in inflammatory bowel disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sindhu; Kaitha; Muhammad; Bashir; Tauseef; Ali

    2015-01-01

    Anemia is a common extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) and is frequently overlooked as a complication. Patients with IBD are commonly found to have iron deficiency anemia(IDA) secondary to chronic blood loss, and impaired iron absorption due to tissue inflammation. Patients with iron deficiency may not always manifest with signs and symptoms; so, hemoglobin levels in patients with IBD must be regularly monitored for earlier detection of anemia. IDA in IBD is associated with poor quality of life, necessitating prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. IDA is often associated with inflammation in patients with IBD. Thus, commonly used labora-tory parameters are inadequate to diagnose IDA, and newer iron indices, such as reticulocyte hemoglobin content or percentage of hypochromic red cells or zinc protoporphyrin, are required to differentiate IDA from anemia of chronic disease. Oral iron preparations are available and are used in patients with mild disease activity. These preparations are inexpensive and con-venient, but can produce gastrointestinal side effects, such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, that limit their use and patient compliance. These preparations are partly absorbed due to inflammation. Non-absorbed iron can be toxic and worsen IBD disease activity. Although cost-effective intravenous iron formulations are widely available and have improved safety profiles, physicians are reluctant to use them. We present a review of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of IDA in IBD, improved diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, efficacy, and safety of iron replacement in IBD.

  18. Iron Deficiency Anemia and School Participation

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo J Bobonis

    2004-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia is among the worldç—´ most widespread health problems, especially for children, but it is rarely studied by economists. This paper evaluates the impact of a health intervention delivering iron supplementation and deworming drugs to 2-6 year old children through an existing pre-school network in the slums of Delhi, India. At baseline 69 percent of sample children were anemic and 30 percent had intestinal worm infections. Sample pre-schools were randomly divided into grou...

  19. Diagnosis and management of iron deficiency anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Jacquelyn M; Buchanan, George R

    2014-08-01

    Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common hematologic condition, affecting a substantial proportion of the world's women and young children. Optimal management of IDA requires an accurate diagnosis, identification and correction of the underlying cause, provision of medicinal iron therapy, and confirmation of treatment success. There are limited data to support current treatment approaches regarding oral iron preparation, dosing, monitoring, and duration of therapy. New intravenous iron agents have improved safety profiles, which may foster their increased utilization in the treatment of patients with IDA. Clinical trials focused on improving current treatment standards for IDA are sorely needed. PMID:25064710

  20. Urinary iron excretion test in iron deficiency anemia.

    OpenAIRE

    Kimura,Ikuro; Yamana,Masatoshi; NNishishita,Akira; Sugiyama,Motoharu; Miyata, Akira

    1980-01-01

    A urinary iron excretion test was carried out in 22 patients with iron deficiency anemia. The iron excretion index was significantly higher in patients with intractable iron deficiency anemia compared with normal subjects and anemic patients who were responsive to iron therapy. The findings suggest that iron excretion may be a factor that modulates the response of patients to iron therapy.

  1. Iron deficiency anemia from diagnosis to treatment in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Nihal

    2015-03-01

    Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide and an important public health problem especially in developing countries. Since the most important indicator of iron deficieny is anemia, the terms "iron deficiency" and "iron deficiency anemia" are often used interchangeably. However, iron deficiency may develop in the absence of anemia and the tissues may be affected from this condition. The most common causes of iron deficiency in children include insufficient intake together with rapid growth, low birth weight and gastrointestinal losses related to excessive intake of cow's milk. If insufficient intake can be excluded and there is insufficient response to oral iron treatment in patients with iron deficiency especially in older children, blood loss should be considered as the underlying cause. The main principles in management of iron deficiency anemia include investigation and elimination of the cause leading to iron deficiency, replacement of deficiency, improvement of nutrition and education of the patient and family. In this article, the practical approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency and the experience of our center have been reviewed. PMID:26078692

  2. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content as a predictor of iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ni Made Rini Suari; Ketut Ariawati; Nyoman Adiputra

    2015-01-01

    Background Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common form of anemia in developing countries, such as Indonesia. Iron deficiency anemia in children is a serious problem because it affects their growth and development. Early detection of IDA and subsequent treatment in childhood may prevent future health problems. Objective To assess the use of reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) to detect IDA in children aged 6-60 months. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study to measure ...

  3. Management of Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole Haagen; Ainsworth, Mark; Coskun, Mehmet;

    2015-01-01

    Anemia is the most frequent complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but anemia, mostly due to iron deficiency, has long been neglected in these patients. The aim was to briefly present the pathophysiology, followed by a balanced overview of the different forms of iron replacement...... available, and subsequently, to perform a systematic review of studies performed in the last decade on the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in IBD. Given that intravenous therapies have been introduced in the last decade, a systematic review performed in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library......, and the websites of WHO, FDA, and EMA covered prospective trials investigating the management of iron-deficiency anemia in IBD published since 2004. A total of 632 articles were reviewed, and 13 articles (2906 patients) with unique content were included. In general, oral supplementation in iron-deficiency anemia...

  4. [Iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawabata, Hiroshi

    2016-02-01

    The major causes of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) include iron loss due to bleeding, increased iron requirements, and decreased iron absorption by the intestine. The most common cause of IDA in Japanese women is iron loss during menstruation. Autoimmune atrophic gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection can also cause IDA by reducing intestinal iron absorption. In addition to these common etiologies, germline mutations of TMPRSS6 can cause iron-refractory IDA (IRIDA). TMPRSS6 encodes matriptase-2, a membrane-bound serine protease primarily expressed in the liver. Functional loss of matriptase-2 due to homozygous mutations results in an increase in the expression of hepcidin, which is the key regulator of systemic iron homeostasis. The serum hepcidin increase in turn leads to a decrease in iron supply from the intestine and macrophages to erythropoietic cells. IRIDA is microcytic and hypochromic, but decreased serum ferritin is not observed as in IDA. IRIDA is refractory to oral iron supplementation, but does respond to intravenous iron supplementation to some extent. Because genetic testing is required for the diagnoses of IRIDA, a considerable number of cases may go undiagnosed and may thus be overlooked. PMID:26935626

  5. Iron deficiency anemia: current strategies for the diagnosis and management

    OpenAIRE

    Zühre Kaya

    2013-01-01

    Iron deficiency is one of the commonest nutritional deficiencies in the world. It is multifactorial and may be caused by lack of intake, blood loss and intestinal causes. Clinical features are highly variable, and most patients are asymptomatic. Typical laboratory features of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) include a hypochromic microcytic anemia, low serum iron level, high total iron binding capacity, low serum ferritin level. Usefulness of monitoring serum transferrin receptor level (sTf...

  6. Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Common and Curable Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Jeffery L.

    2013-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia arises when the balance of iron intake, iron stores, and the body’s loss of iron are insufficient to fully support production of erythrocytes. Iron deficiency anemia rarely causes death, but the impact on human health is significant. In the developed world, this disease is easily identified and treated, but frequently overlooked by physicians. In contrast, it is a health problem that affects major portions of the population in underdeveloped countries. Overall, the prev...

  7. A guide to diagnosis of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in digestive diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Bermejo, Fernando; García-López, Santiago

    2009-01-01

    Iron deficiency (ID), with or without anemia, is often caused by digestive diseases and should always be investigated, except in very specific situations, as its causes could be serious diseases, such as cancer. Diagnosis of ID is not always easy. Low serum levels of ferritin or transferrin saturation, imply a situation of absolute or functional ID. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate ID anemia from anemia of chronic diseases, which can coexist. In this case, other parameters, such as ...

  8. Targeting Iron Deficiency Anemia in Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraon, Tajinderpal; Katz, Stuart D

    2016-01-01

    Iron deficiency is common in heart failure (HF) patients, and is associated with increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes. Clinical trials of intravenous iron supplementation in iron-deficient HF patients have demonstrated short-term improvement in functional capacity and quality of life. In some trials, the benefits of iron supplementation were independent of the hemoglobin levels. Additional investigations of iron supplementation are needed to characterize the mechanisms contributing to clinical benefit and long-term safety in HF. PMID:26657161

  9. Iron deficiency anemia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldberg ND

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Neil D Goldberg Emeritus Chief of Gastroenterology, University of Maryland St. Joseph Medical Center, Towson, MD, USA Abstract: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia worldwide, caused by poor iron intake, chronic blood loss, or impaired absorption. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD are increasingly likely to have iron deficiency anemia, with an estimated prevalence of 36%–76%. Detection of iron deficiency is problematic as outward signs and symptoms are not always present. Iron deficiency can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life, necessitating prompt management and treatment. Effective treatment includes identifying and treating the underlying cause and initiating iron replacement therapy with either oral or intravenous iron. Numerous formulations for oral iron are available, with ferrous fumarate, sulfate, and gluconate being the most commonly prescribed. Available intravenous formulations include iron dextran, iron sucrose, ferric gluconate, and ferumoxytol. Low-molecular weight iron dextran and iron sucrose have been shown to be safe, efficacious, and effective in a host of gastrointestinal disorders. Ferumoxytol is the newest US Food and Drug Administration-approved intravenous iron therapy, indicated for iron deficiency anemia in adults with chronic kidney disease. Ferumoxytol is also being investigated in Phase 3 studies for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in patients without chronic kidney disease, including subgroups with IBD. A review of the efficacy and safety of iron replacement in IBD, therapeutic considerations, and recommendations for the practicing gastroenterologist are presented. Keywords: anemia, inflammatory bowel disease, intravenous iron, iron deficiency, oral iron, therapy

  10. Effects of Nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Ghasemi; Bijan Keikhaei

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is about 9% in toddlers, 9-11% in adolescent girls and less than 1% in teenage boys. IDA presents when there is not sufficient iron for haemoglobin synthesis. In particular it has negative effects on the behavior, cognitive performance, immune system and physical growth of infants, preschool and school age children. Material and Methods: Blood samples of 3...

  11. Iron deficiency anemia in adolescents: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romilda Castro de Andrade Cairo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Anemia is one of the most important nutritional deficiencies affecting various social and socioeconomic strata. It is more common in developing countries, with children and adolescents being at a significantly higher risk for the condition. Objective: To perform a literature review on iron deficiency anemia in adolescence as a public health issue and on the risk factors that may contribute towards nutritional deficiencies, stunted growth and development in this age group, emphasizing the physiopathology and causes of anemia, the different diagnostic approaches, and its clinical characteristics, prevention and treatment. Methodology: The LILACS-BIREME, SCIELO and PUBMED databases were consulted for the study. Scientific papers published in Spanish, Portuguese or English between 2000 and 2013 on the subject of iron deficiency anemia in adolescents were selected for inclusion. A total of 102 studies published between January 1st, 2000 and June 30th, 2013 were identified and evaluated. Forty-two articles meeting the inclusion criterion (adolescents with anemia were selected for this review. Finally, an analysis was conducted and the papers were evaluated in accordance with the study objectives. Results and Discussion: The studies reviewed revealed a prevalence of iron deficiency anemia of around 20% in adolescents and described the harmful effects of anemia in this age group. Conclusion: Preventive action is required with respect to iron deficiency anemia. Healthcare professionals should be aware of the need for early diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment.

  12. CORD SERUM FERRITIN AS BIOCHEMICAL MARKER IN IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is by far the most frequent type of anemia seen in pregnancy, accounting for 90% or more of all cases. Iron deficiency anemia has adverse consequences on infant development. Therefore maternal anemia should be prevented and treated. Serum ferritin is the single best non-invasive test and is a very useful and reliable index of iron stores especially during pregnancy, with low levels indicating iron deficiency. While infants born to anemic mother are themselves not anemic, they do not suffer from low iron stores. The main aim of the study is to establish cord serum ferritin as a biochemical marker in iron deficiency anemia. The specific objectives of this study is to estimate cord and maternal serum ferritin in the last trimester of pregnancy and to correlate it with hematological parameters. Cord serum ferritin levels were normal in the patients under study, even when the maternal serum ferritin levels were decreased. The mean level of cord serum ferritin was 134.06ng/ml and maternal serum ferritin was 41.65ng/ml and was statistically significant. The hematological parameters like hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV and MCHC were also decreased in the patients with low serum ferritin and were found to be statistically significant. Hence estimation of cord serum ferritin can be used as a biochemical marker to assess iron deficiency in the early stages itself and thereby neurodevelopmental complications in children can be prevented.

  13. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia in High-School Girl Students of Yazd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Noori Shadkam

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It is generally assumed that 50% of the cases of anemia are due to iron deficiency. The most severe consequence of iron depletion is iron deficiency anemia (IDA, and it is still considered the most common nutrition deficiency worldwide. The main risk factors for IDA include: inadequate iron intake, impaired absorption or transport, physiologic losses associated with chronological or reproductive age, or acute or chronic blood loss, parasite infections such as hookworms, acute and chronic infections, including malaria, cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and other micronutrient deficiencies, including vitamins A and B12, folate, riboflavin, and copper deficiency. Methods: This work as a cross-sectional study was done in 2007-2008 in Yazd. Two hundred girls who participated in the study were selected randomly from eight girl high schools. Five ml venous blood was collected for determination of serum ferritin and cell blood count (CBC. Serum ferritin was determined by using ECLIA method and CBC by cell counter SYSMEX KX21N. Iron deficiency was defined as having serum ferritin values below 12 μ/l. Anemia was defined as having Hemoglobin levels below12 g/dl. Iron-deficiency anemia was considered to be the combination of both. Results: The3 mean ageyears and body mass index (kg/m2 were 15.19±0.7years and 21.5±4.2, respectively. Distribution in the 14, 15 and 16 years and more age groups were 13, 58.5 and 28.5 percent, respectively. Mean of Hemoglobin(g/dl, Hematocrit(%, MCV (fl, MCH (pg, MCHC (g/dl and ferritin(μ/l were 12.8±0.9, 38.9±3.0, 80.7±4.3, 26.6±1.8, 33.2±3.6 and 23±18.2, respectively. Of the total, 13.5% were anemic, 68% of which had Iron Deficiency Anemia (9.3% of the total. Iron deficiency was present in 34.7% of the population under study. Conclusion: According to world health organization criteria, anemia is a mild public health problem in this region, but iron deficiency is a significant problem and suitable measures for

  14. Celiac disease unmasked by acute severe iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelle G. Meseeha; Maximos N. Attia; Kolade, Victor O.

    2016-01-01

    The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) appears to be increasing in the United States. However, the proportion of new CD cases with atypical presentations is also rising. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who was diagnosed with CD in the setting of new, severe iron-deficiency anemia, 13 years into treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome associated with chronic mildly elevated liver function tests. While CD and iron deficiency anemia are common, this is a rare present...

  15. Celiac disease unmasked by acute severe iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meseeha, Marcelle G.; Attia, Maximos N.; Kolade, Victor O.

    2016-01-01

    The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) appears to be increasing in the United States. However, the proportion of new CD cases with atypical presentations is also rising. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who was diagnosed with CD in the setting of new, severe iron-deficiency anemia, 13 years into treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome associated with chronic mildly elevated liver function tests. While CD and iron deficiency anemia are common, this is a rare presentation of CD. PMID:27406450

  16. Sleep alterations and iron deficiency anemia in infancy

    OpenAIRE

    PEIRANO, PATRICIO D.; ALGARÍN, CECILIA R.; Chamorro, Rodrigo A.; Reyes, Sussanne C.; Durán, Samuel A.; Garrido, Marcelo I.; Lozoff, Betsy

    2010-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) continues to be the most common single nutrient deficiency in the world. An estimated 20-25% of the world’s infants have IDA, with at least as many having iron deficiency without anemia. Infants are at particular risk due to rapid growth and limited dietary sources of iron. We found that infants with IDA showed different motor activity patterning in all sleep-waking states and several differences in sleep states organization. Sleep alterations were still apparent ...

  17. Iron deficiency anemia: online methods of patient education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doiniţa Crişan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors present some of the most important online patient education methods in English on iron deficiency anemia (easy-to-read articles, information leaflets, easy-to-understand fact sheets, newsletters, patient page, glossaries, frequently asked questions, quizzes, forums, blogs, and patient stories.

  18. Iron deficiency anemia: online methods of patient education

    OpenAIRE

    Doiniţa Crişan; Ştefan Vesa; Sorin Crişan

    2011-01-01

    The authors present some of the most important online patient education methods in English on iron deficiency anemia (easy-to-read articles, information leaflets, easy-to-understand fact sheets, newsletters, patient page, glossaries, frequently asked questions, quizzes, forums, blogs, and patient stories).

  19. Treatment of iron deficiency anemia associated with gastrointestinal tract diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ulas; D; Bayraktar; Soley; Bayraktar

    2010-01-01

    The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a common site of bleeding that may lead to iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Treatment of IDA depends on severity and acuity of patients’ signs and symptoms. While red blood cell transfusions may be required in hemodynamically unstable patients, transfusions should be avoided in chronically anemic patients due to their potential side effects and cost. Iron studies need to be performed after episodes of GI bleeding and stores need to be replenished before anemia develops. Oral ...

  20. Iron deficiency anemia in adolescents: a literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Romilda Castro de Andrade Cairo; Luciana Rodrigues Silva; Nadya Carneiro Bustani; Cibele Dantas Ferreira Marques

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Anemia is one of the most important nutritional deficiencies affecting various social and socioeconomic strata. It is more common in developing countries, with children and adolescents being at a significantly higher risk for the condition. Objective: To perform a literature review on iron deficiency anemia in adolescence as a public health issue and on the risk factors that may contribute towards nutritional deficiencies, stunted growth and development in this age group, emphas...

  1. Relationship between iron deficiency anemia and febrile convulsion in infants

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    Youn Soo Jun

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The association between iron deficiency anemia and febrile convulsion in infants has been examined in several studies with conflicting results. Therefore, the authors aimed to evaluate the precise relationship involved. Methods : In this case-control study, the authors assessed 100 children with a diagnosis of febrile convulsion, aged between 9 months and 2 years, during January 2007 to July 2009. The control group consisted of 100 febrile children without convulsion; controls were closely matched to the cases by age, gender, and underlying disease. Results : The mean ages of the febrile convulsion and control group were 16.3¡?#?.4 ;and 15.8¡?#?.1 ;months, respectively, and the two groups had no differences in clinical features. Iron deficiency anemia (Hb &lt;10.5 gm/dL was more frequent in the febrile convulsion group than in the control group, although there was no statistical significance. Unexpectably, the RDW (red blood cell distribution width was significantly lower and the MCNC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration was significantly higher among seizure cases than among the controls (P&lt;0.05. There is no statistical difference between simple and complex febrile groups in the clinical and laboratory profiles. On multiple logistic regression analysis, iron deficiency anemia was more frequent, but the RDW was lower, among the cases with febrile convulsion, compared with the controls. Conclusions : Our study suggests that the iron deficiency anemia is associated with febrile convulsion, and screening for iron deficiency anemia should be considered in children with febrile convulsions.

  2. Reticulocyte parameters in hemoglobinopathies and iron deficiency anemia

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    Cortellazzi Laura C.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Flow cytometric reticulocyte analysis allows the evaluation of reticulocyte maturity. New reticulocyte parameters have been used in the diagnosis and management of anemias, in the bone marrow transplant setting and in the monitoring of iron replacement or erythropoiet in therapy. Reticulocyte numbers and maturation levels have been studied in different hemoglobinopathies and the results have been correlated with the degree of ineffective erythropoiesis. In order to verify differences in reticulocyte parameters in various types of anemias and to test the absolute number of immature reticulocytes as a possible discriminating factor among various types of anemias, reticulocyte counts were performed on 219 samples from patients with sickle cell anemia (SS (n= 62, hemoglobin S trait (n=9, Sbeta thalassemia (n=7, hemoglobin SC disease (n=11, beta thalassemia trait (n=33 and iron deficiency anemia (n= 47, and non-anemic individuals (n= 50. Mean fluorescence index (MFI was defined as representative of the degree of reticulocyte immaturity and it was evaluated as a percentage and in absolute values. Reticulocyte counts and MFI values were significantly higher in SS, Sbeta thalassemic and SC groups when compared to controls, but not different among the three anemia groups. Patients with hemoglobin S trait, iron deficiency anemia and beta thalassemia trait showed reticulocyte parameters similar to the non-anemic group. There was no difference between the b thalassemic trait and iron deficiency anemia in relation to any parameters. MFI in absolute numbers were significantly higher in anemias that develop with the hemolytic process, although this was not evident in MFI percentage values. Our results showed that the erythoid expansion in sickle cell diseases (SS, SC and Sb thalassemia leads to an enhanced immature reticulocyte release from bone marrow and that the phenomena is more evident by the MFI counting in absolute figures than in percentages. We

  3. Relationship between iron deficiency anemia and febrile convulsion in infants

    OpenAIRE

    Youn Soo Jun; Ho Il Bang; Seung Taek Yu; Sae Ron Shin; Du Young Choi

    2010-01-01

    Purpose : The association between iron deficiency anemia and febrile convulsion in infants has been examined in several studies with conflicting results. Therefore, the authors aimed to evaluate the precise relationship involved. Methods : In this case-control study, the authors assessed 100 children with a diagnosis of febrile convulsion, aged between 9 months and 2 years, during January 2007 to July 2009. The control group consisted of 100 febrile children without convulsion; controls w...

  4. GAVE: An interesting cause of iron deficiency anemia

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    Sham Santhanam

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE is a rare cause for chronic severe gastrointestinal bleeding requiring repeated transfusions. We present here the case of 55-year-old female who presented with severe iron deficiency anemia with melena. The disease was further diagnosed as GAVE due to the presence of watermelon stomach on endoscopy with features of limited scleroderma. The patient showed symptomatic improvement on treatment with Argon laser photocoagulation and blood transfusion.

  5. The evaluation of iron deficiency and anemia in male blood donors with other related factors

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    Yousefinejad Vahid

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and Background: Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide and blood donation may cause iron depletion. Limited studies with large sample size have been done on male donors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among male donors in the Kurdistan Organization of Blood Transfusion in Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Sample size was 1184 blood donors selected by systematic random sampling. Hemoglobin, serum iron, serum ferritin, total iron banding capacity (TIBC and transferin saturation were measured in donors. Iron depletion, lack of iron stores, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia and anemia were evaluated among them. Data was analyzed with SPSS software and X΂, one-way ANOVA, and LSD test. Results: Iron deficiency, anemia, iron deficiency anemia, iron depletion and lack of iron resources were seen in 2.3, 4.08, 2.14, 22.76 and 4.66 percent respectively. There was a significant relationship of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia with instances of donation and interval from last donation (P < 0.05. A significant relationship was seen between iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among blood donors with more than ten times blood donation (P < 0.05. Conclusions: This study showed regular male donors require especial attention. Therefore, serum ferritin is recommended as a more adequate index to use for iron deficiency screening and planning purposes for iron supplementation among them.

  6. Iron-Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia

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    Ebru Yılmaz Keskin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Demir, oksijenin taşınması, DNA sentezi ve hücre çoğalması gibi çeşitli biyolojik reaksiyonlar için vazgeçilmez olduğundan, yaşam için zorunludur. Demir metabolizması ve bu elementin düzenlenmesiyle ilgili bilgilerimiz, son yıllarda belirgin şekilde değişmiştir. Demir metabolizması ile ilgili yeni bozukluklar tanımlanmış ve demirin başka bozuklukların kofaktörü olduğu anlaşılmaya başlamıştır. Hemokromatozis ve demir tedavisine dirençli demir eksikliği anemisi (IRIDA; “iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia” gibi genetik durumlar üzerinde yapılan çalışmalar, vücuttaki demir dengesini kontrol eden moleküler mekanizmalar ile ilgili önemli ipuçları sunmuştur. Bu ilerlemeler, gelecekte, hem genetik hem de kazanılmış demir bozukluklarının daha etkili şekilde tedavi edilmesi amacıyla kullanılabilir. IRIDA, demir eksikliği ile giden durumlarda, hepsidin üretimini baskılayan matriptaz-2’yi kodlayan TMPRSS6 genindeki mutasyonlardan kaynaklanmaktadır. Hastalığın tipik özellikleri, hipokrom, mikrositer anemi, çok düşük ortalama eritrosit hacmi, oral demir tedavisine yanıtsızlık (veya yetersiz yanıt ve parenteral demire kısmi yanıttır. Klasik demir eksikliği anemisinin aksine, serum ferritin değeri genellikle hafif düşük ya da normal aralıkta; serum ve idrar hepsidin değerleri ise, aneminin derecesi ile orantısız şekilde yüksek bulunur. Şimdiye kadar literatürde bildirilmiş olguların sayısı 100’ü geçmediği halde, IRIDA’nın, “atipik” mikrositik anemilerin en sık nedeni olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu derlemenin amacı, IRIDA hakkındaki güncel bilgileri araştırıcılar ile paylaşmak ve bu alandaki farkındalıklarını arttırmaktır.

  7. A guide to diagnosis of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in digestive diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermejo, Fernando; García-López, Santiago

    2009-10-01

    Iron deficiency (ID), with or without anemia, is often caused by digestive diseases and should always be investigated, except in very specific situations, as its causes could be serious diseases, such as cancer. Diagnosis of ID is not always easy. Low serum levels of ferritin or transferrin saturation, imply a situation of absolute or functional ID. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate ID anemia from anemia of chronic diseases, which can coexist. In this case, other parameters, such as soluble transferrin receptor activity can be very useful. After an initial evaluation by clinical history, urine analysis, and serological tests for celiac disease, gastroscopy and colonoscopy are the key diagnostic tools for investigating the origin of ID, and will detect the most important and prevalent diseases. If both tests are normal and anemia is not severe, treatment with oral iron can be indicated, along with stopping any treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In the absence of response to oral iron, or if the anemia is severe or clinical suspicion of important disease persists, we must insist on diagnostic evaluation. Repeat endoscopic studies should be considered in many cases and if both still show normal results, investigating the small bowel must be considered. The main techniques in this case are capsule endoscopy, followed by enteroscopy. PMID:19787826

  8. Iron deficiency anemia's effect on bone formation in zebrafish mutant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bo, Lin; Liu, Zhichun; Zhong, Yingbin; Huang, Jian; Chen, Bin; Wang, Han; Xu, Youjia

    2016-07-01

    Iron is one of the essential elements of life. Iron metabolism is related to bone metabolism. Previous studies have confirmed that iron overload is a risk factor for osteoporosis. But the correlation between iron deficiency and bone metabolism remains unclear. Ferroportin 1 is identified as a cellular iron exporter and required for normal iron cycling. In zebrafish, the mutant of ferroportin 1 gene (fpn1), weh(tp85c) exhibited the defective iron transport, leading to developing severe hypochromic anemia. We used weh(tp85c) as a model for investigating iron deficiency and bone metabolism. In this study, we examined the morphology of the developing cartilage and vertebrae of the Weh(tp85) compared to the wild type siblings by staining the larvae with alcian blue for cartilage and alizarin red for the bone. In addition, we evaluated the expression patterns of the marker genes of bone development and cell signaling in bone formation. Our results showed that weh(tp85c) mutant larvae exhibited the defects in bone formation, revealing by decreases in the number of calcified vertebrae along with decreased expression of osteoblast novel genes: alpl, runx2a and col1a1a and BMPs signaling genes in osteoblast differentiation: bmp2a and bmp2b. Our data suggest that iron deficiency anemia affects bone formation, potentially through the BMPs signaling pathway in zebrafish. PMID:27184405

  9. Treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thayu, Meena; Mamula, Petar

    2005-10-01

    Anemia is a frequent extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is commonly overlooked, despite its significant impact on quality of life. Characteristic symptoms include chronic fatigue, headache, and subtle impairment of cognitive function, although some less common symptoms include dyspnea, dizziness, pica, angular stomatitis, shortened attention span, and esophageal webs. Several types of anemia are associated with IBD, but iron deficiency anemia (IDA) accounts for the majority of cases and others include anemia of chronic disease, anemia associated with vitamin deficiency (vitamin B12 and folate), autoimmune anemia, and anemia caused by medication used to treat IBD. The diagnosis of IDA relies on laboratory blood tests. Therefore, these tests should be obtained on a regular basis because characteristic symptoms may be absent or not readily recognized by patients and their clinicians. Complete blood count may suffice; however, iron studies and serum vitamin levels may be necessary to differentiate between specific types of anemia. During the diagnostic process, it is important to consider coexistence of different types of anemia, especially if no response to therapy is noted. The therapy for anemia is directed towards treatment of the underlying inflammatory process and supplemental therapy, depending on the type of deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia is treated with iron preparations, first orally, and if unresponsive or if associated with untoward adverse events leading to decrease in adherence with the therapeutic regimen, with intravenous preparations. Intramuscular therapy has been abandoned due to high rate of complications. Intravenous therapy may be administered as a multiple-dose regimen (intravenous iron sucrose and gluconate) or as a single intravenous dose (iron dextran), which is associated with a higher risk of allergic infusion reactions and requires obligatory test dose administration. Treatment with erythropoietin is

  10. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content as a predictor of iron deficiency anemia

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    Ni Made Rini Suari

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is the most common form of anemia in developing countries, such as Indonesia. Iron deficiency anemia in children is a serious problem because it affects their growth and development. Early detection of IDA and subsequent treatment in childhood may prevent future health problems. Objective To assess the use of reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr to detect IDA in children aged 6-60 months. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study to measure the sensitivity and specificity of CHr compared to serum ferritin which is considered to be the gold standard for IDA diagnosis. The study was conducted from September 2011 to March 2013 in children aged 6-60 months who visited the Pediatric Outpatient Clinic, Sanglah Hospital, and Puskesmas II in West Denpasar. Data analysis was performed by 2x2 table. The results were assessed by area under the curve (AUC and receiver operating characteristic (ROC. Results Of 121 children underwent blood testing during the study period, 69 children were excluded because they did not have hypochromic microcytic anemia, leaving 52 subjects eligible for the study. The prevalence of IDA in this study was 31%. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr ≤ 23.1 pg had 88% (95%CI 71 to 100% sensitivity and 25% (95%CI 11 to 39% specificity. Conclusion Reticulocyte hemoglobin content < 23.1 pg may be a good predictor of IDA. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:171-5.].

  11. Effects of Nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia

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    Ali Ghasemi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Iron deficiency (ID is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA is about 9% in toddlers, 9-11% in adolescent girls and less than 1% in teenage boys. IDA presents when there is not sufficient iron for haemoglobin synthesis. In particular it has negative effects on the behavior, cognitive performance, immune system and physical growth of infants, preschool and school age children. Material and Methods: Blood samples of 337 randomly selected children (6-59 months living in the Ahwaz, Khuzestan province, were taken. Serum ferritin, Complete Blood Cell (CBC and hematological indices were measured Results and Discussion: In this study 61.1% of the children had serum ferritin less than 12mcg/dl. Prevalence of IDA were 29.1 %. The results showed that most children with IDA were at 12-23 months. Families with more than 6 children had 4.49 times greater chance of IDA. The mean of breast-feeding in non-IDA children was higher than IDA children (17.6 and 16.3 months respectively, P>0.05. In this study families who gave tea to their children for 1-11 months had the highest prevalence of IDA. Conclusion: There are several main risk factors for ID & IDA in the children. Parent's illiteracy, family income and using cow's milk before 12 months are among most important risk factors for iron deficiency for children.

  12. Prevalence and Determinants of Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Kuwait

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    Sameer Al Zenki

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency (ID of a nationally representative sample of the Kuwait population. We also determined if anemia differed by socioeconomic status or by RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels. The subjects who were made up of 1830 males and females between the ages of 2 months to 86 years, were divided into the following age groups (0–5, 5–11, 12–14, 15–19, 20–49, ≥50 years. Results showed that the prevalence of anemia was 3% in adult males and 17% in females. The prevalence of ID varied according to age between 4% (≥50 years and 21% (5–11 years and 9% (12–14 years and 23% (15–19 years, respectively, in males and females. The prevalence of anemia and ID was higher in females compared to males. Adults with normal ferritin level, but with low RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels had higher prevalence of anemia than those with normal RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels. This first nationally representative nutrition and health survey in Kuwait indicated that anemia and ID are prevalent and ID contributes significantly to anemia prevalence.

  13. Association of severe early childhood caries with iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Kalpana Bansal; Meetu Goyal; Renuka Dhingra

    2016-01-01

    Background: Severe tooth decay is known to affect the health and well-being of young children. However, there has been minimal research showing the association of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Aims: The primary aim of this study was to investigate an association between S-ECC with IDA. The secondary objective was to find an association between severe caries and body weight of the child. The oral health-related quality of life of children with S-ECC wa...

  14. Deficiencies in the Management of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Jacquelyn M; Daniel, Catherine L; McCavit, Timothy L; Buchanan, George R

    2016-04-01

    Limited high-quality evidence supports the management of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). To assess our institutional performance in this area, we retrospectively reviewed IDA treatment practices in 195 consecutive children referred to our center from 2006 to mid-2010. The majority of children were ≤4 years old (64%) and had nutritional IDA (74%). In 11- to 18-year-old patients (31%), the primary etiology was menorrhagia (42%). Many were referred directly to the emergency department and/or prescribed iron doses outside the recommended range. Poor medication adherence and being lost-to-follow-up were common. Substantial improvements are required in the management of IDA. PMID:26728130

  15. Iron Deficiency Anemia among Hospitalized Children in Konya, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Fatih Akin; Ece Selma Solak; Cengizhan Kilicaslan; Saltuk Bugra Boke; Sukru Arslan

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of our hospitalized patients with the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and effects of the IDA prevention project of the Turkish Ministry of Health which was started in 2004. The recommended dose of prophylactic iron supplementation was 1-2 mg/kg/day. The files of 1519 patients who were hospitalized to Konya Education and Research Hospital Pediatrics Clinic were reviewed. A total of 50 patients consisting of 35 boys and 15 g...

  16. Iron, Anemia, and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Young Children in the United States

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    Priya M. Gupta

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency and anemia are associated with impaired neurocognitive development and immune function in young children. Total body iron, calculated from serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations, and hemoglobin allow for monitoring of the iron and anemia status of children in the United States. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID, anemia, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA among children 1–5 years using data from the 2007–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES. Prevalence of ID, anemia, and IDA among children 1–5 years was 7.1% (5.5, 8.7, 3.2% (2.0, 4.3, and 1.1% (0.6, 1.7, respectively. The prevalence of both ID and anemia were higher among children 1–2 years (p < 0.05. In addition, 50% of anemic children 1–2 years were iron deficient. This analysis provides an update on the prevalence of ID, anemia, and IDA for a representative sample of US children. Our results suggest little change in these indicators over the past decade. Monitoring of ID and anemia is critical and prevention of ID in early childhood should remain a public health priority.

  17. Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy: Intravenous versus Oral Route

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    Meghana N Mehta, Jitesh M Shah

    2014-01-01

    Methodology: One hundred fifty pregnant women with gestational age less than 34 weeks with iron deficiency anemia were selected. The women in group A received IV iron sucrose. The drug was administered by IV infusion. The women in the group B received ferrous sulphate as oral iron in the dose of two tablets three times a day. Repeat laboratory estimations were done after six weeks. Results were analyzed by t test and Z- test of preparation using SPSS 15 and Microsoft excel. Results: Mean gestational age in group A and group B were 26.13 ± 5.15 weeks and 26.27 ± 4.71 weeks, respectively. Mean Hb level was 6.71 ± 0.65 g/dl in group A which was raised to 10.64 ± 0.71 g/dl. Mean Hb level was 6.72 ± 0.67 g/dl in group B which was raised to 10.17 ± 0.54. The target Hb level of 10 g/dl was achieved in 88% cases in group A and in 76% cases in group B (P =0.055. Conclusion: Intravenous iron sucrose therapy is safe and as effective as oral iron in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy.

  18. Iron deficiency anemia: current strategies for the diagnosis and management

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    Zühre Kaya

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency is one of the commonest nutritional deficiencies in the world. It is multifactorial and may be caused by lack of intake, blood loss and intestinal causes. Clinical features are highly variable, and most patients are asymptomatic. Typical laboratory features of iron deficiency anemia (IDA include a hypochromic microcytic anemia, low serum iron level, high total iron binding capacity, low serum ferritin level. Usefulness of monitoring serum transferrin receptor level (sTfR and hepcidin for identifying IDA have been examined in a few studies. Available data suggest that sTfR can potentially become a valuable tool for regular testing of patients in the future. Despite IDA is easily corrected with iron therapy, establishing the cause can be difficult, particularly in cases caused by disorders of iron transport. Education for clinician needs to focus on increasing awareness of the importance of failure respond to iron supplementation. The aim of this review was to outline the current strategies for the diagnosis and management of IDA in the light of the latest reports.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/rhc.v4i3.480

  19. Breastfeeding exclusively and iron deficiency anemia during the first 6 months of age

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    Rosa F.S.V. Marques

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective The objective was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among exclusively breastfed infants from one to six months of life and to identify associated risk factors. Methods This is a cohort study of the hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels of 102 healthy full-term infants, weighing more than 2500 grams (5.5 pounds at birth, evaluated for growth development and supported to promote exclusive breastfeeding. Hemoglobin and ferritin levels were measured in the first, fourth, and sixth months of life. The hemoglobin and ferritin levels of the mothers were also measured in the first month postpartum. Results At four months, 5.7% presented iron deficiency and 3.4% had iron deficiency anemia. At six months, the percentage of children with iron deficiency increased more than four times, reaching 26.1%, while iron deficiency anemia was present in 23.9% of the infants studied. Iron deficiency at six months of age was significantly correlated to growth velocity. Conclusion According to the results of this study, exclusive breastfeeding protects infants from iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia for the first four months of life. After this age, in accordance with the literature, the findings of this study demonstrated an increase in anemia and iron deficiency rates, adding to evidence that supports the monitoring of iron levels in exclusively breastfed children presenting higher weight gains beginning at four months of age.

  20. Anemia of Chronic Disease and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murawska, Natalia; Fabisiak, Adam; Fichna, Jakub

    2016-05-01

    Anemia coexists with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in up to two-thirds of patients, significantly impairing quality of life. The most common types of anemia in patients with IBD are iron deficiency anemia and anemia of chronic disease, which often overlap. In most cases, available laboratory tests allow successful diagnosis of iron deficiency, where difficulties appear, recently established indices such as soluble transferrin-ferritin ratio or percentage of hypochromic red cells are used. In this review, we discuss the management of the most common types of anemia in respect of the latest available data. Thus, we provide the mechanisms underlying pathophysiology of these entities; furthermore, we discuss the role of hepcidin in developing anemia in IBD. Next, we present the treatment options for each type of anemia and highlight the importance of individual choice of action. We also focus on newly developed intravenous iron preparations and novel, promising drug candidates targeting hepcidin. Concurrently, we talk about difficulties in differentiating between the true and functional iron deficiency, and discuss tools facilitating the process. Finally, we emphasize the importance of proper diagnosis and treatment of anemia in IBD. We conclude that management of anemia in patients with IBD is tricky, and appropriate screening of patients regarding anemia is substantial. PMID:26818422

  1. Segmentation of the potential consumers of ferric medicines based on data of iron deficiency anemia prevalence

    OpenAIRE

    Mnushko, Z. N.; Valdovskyi, A. A.

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION. According to WHO 3.6 billion of people on the planet have latent iron deficiency and another 1.8 billion of people suffer from iron deficiency anemia (IDA). According to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine information the prevalence and the incidence of iron deficiency anemia is 1163.9 and 404.5 per 100 000 persons, respectively. However, this information is only clinically confirmed cases of IDA. The largest share in the structure of morbidity has the latent iron deficiency, whic...

  2. Severe iron deficiency anemia in transgenic mice expressing liver hepcidin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Gaël; Bennoun, Myriam; Porteu, Arlette; Mativet, Sandrine; Beaumont, Carole; Grandchamp, Bernard; Sirito, Mario; Sawadogo, Michèle; Kahn, Axel; Vaulont, Sophie

    2002-04-01

    We recently reported the hemochromatosis-like phenotype observed in our Usf2 knockout mice. In these mice, as in murine models of hemochromatosis and patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, iron accumulates in parenchymal cells (in particular, liver and pancreas), whereas the reticuloendothelial system is spared from this iron loading. We suggested that this phenotypic trait could be attributed to the absence, in the Usf2 knockout mice, of a secreted liver-specific peptide, hepcidin. We conjectured that the reverse situation, namely overexpression of hepcidin, might result in phenotypic traits of iron deficiency. This question was addressed by generating transgenic mice expressing hepcidin under the control of the liver-specific transthyretin promoter. We found that the majority of the transgenic mice were born with a pale skin and died within a few hours after birth. These transgenic animals had decreased body iron levels and presented severe microcytic hypochromic anemia. So far, three mosaic transgenic animals have survived. They were unequivocally identified by physical features, including reduced body size, pallor, hairless and crumpled skin. These pleiotropic effects were found to be associated with erythrocyte abnormalities, with marked anisocytosis, poikylocytosis and hypochromia, which are features characteristic of iron-deficiency anemia. These results strongly support the proposed role of hepcidin as a putative iron-regulatory hormone. The animal models devoid of hepcidin (the Usf2 knockout mice) or overexpressing the peptide (the transgenic mice presented in this paper) represent valuable tools for investigating iron homeostasis in vivo and for deciphering the molecular mechanisms of hepcidin action. PMID:11930010

  3. Iron deficiency anemia among kindergarten children living in the marginalized areas of Gaza Strip, Palestine

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoud Mohammed Sirdah; Ayed Yaghi; Yaghi, Abdallah R.

    2014-01-01

    Background: iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of nutritional anemia; it has been recognized as an important health problem in Palestine. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and to identify possible risk factors of iron deficiency anemia among kindergarten children living in the marginalized areas of the Gaza Strip and to evaluate the effectiveness of supplementing oral iron formula in the anemic children. Methods: the study included 735 (384 male and 351 female)...

  4. The Comparison of Serum Vitamin D Level in Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia and Minor Thalassemia

    OpenAIRE

    Royani, S. (MSc); Alijanpor, S. (BSc); Shirbaghaei, Z. (BSc); Khorasaninejad, R. (BSc); Roshandel, GH. (MSc); Ayatollahi, AA. (MD); Joshaghani, HR. (PhD)

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objective: Of the most common hypochromic microcytic anemia are iron deficiency anemia and minor thalassemia, which are common in Iran and their differential diagnosis is extremely important. The level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D is the indication of vitamin D blood status. The aim of this study was to compare serum levels of vitamin D in people with minor thalassemia and iron deficiency anemia with healthy subjects in order to investigate the relationship between vitamin D deficie...

  5. Effect of iron deficiency anemia and its treatment on cell mediated immunity

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Mohamed Attia; Salwa A. Essa; Nosair, Nahla A; Amin, Ahmed M; El-Agamy, Osama A.

    2009-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most prevalent micronutrient deficiencies particularly in the developing countries. While there is evidence of an altered immune profile in iron deficiency, the exact immunoregulatory role of iron is not known. Knowledge particularly in children, who are vulnerable to iron deficiency and infection, is lacking. We aimed to study the effects of IDA and its treatment with oral iron supplementation on cell-mediated immunity. The levels of T-lymphocytes, ...

  6. Effect of Iron Treatment on Nutritional Status of Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Agustian, Leon; Sembiring, Tiangsa; Ariani, Ani; Lubis, Bidasari

    2009-01-01

    Background Iron has been shown to improve growth in children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), as indicted by increases in height and weight. Frequently, malnutrition and iron deficiency coexist. Objective To determine the effect of iron treatment on nutritional status in children with IDA. Methods A randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted at Bilah Hulu, a subdistrict of Labuhan Batu, North Sumatera, Indonesia, between November 2006 and February 2007. Iron deficie...

  7. Association of severe early childhood caries with iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpana Bansal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Severe tooth decay is known to affect the health and well-being of young children. However, there has been minimal research showing the association of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC and iron deficiency anemia (IDA. Aims: The primary aim of this study was to investigate an association between S-ECC with IDA. The secondary objective was to find an association between severe caries and body weight of the child. The oral health-related quality of life of children with S-ECC was also assessed. Materials and Methods: Following the ethical approval, 60 children aged 2-6 years (30 with S-ECC and 30 controls with caries status <2 were recruited for this cross-sectional association study. Each child received a clinical examination for dental caries status using deft index and a blood investigation to determine various parameters; hemoglobin (Hb, mean corpuscular volume (MCV, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and packed cell volume (PCV. Children underwent venipuncture after due parental consent, and 2.5 mL blood was collected from each child to evaluate the above parameters. Following this, the parents filled up a 10 point questionnaire to determine the child′s quality of life. Data were then analyzed by t-test and Fischer′s exact t-test. Result: On comparison of percentage of children with IDA in S-ECC and control group, it was found that children with S-ECC were more likely to have IDA odds ratio (95% confidence interval: 10.77 (2.0, 104.9, (P = 0.001. In addition to this, S-ECC children were significantly more likely to have low Hb, MCV, and PCV levels (P < 0.001 which imply that S-ECC may be a risk marker for the development of anemia. More children (93% with severe caries were found to have less body weight than ICMR standard weight for age as compared to children with low caries (P < 0.05%. Conclusion: S-ECC is strongly associated with the anemia due to iron deficiency, and efforts should be made toward the preventive

  8. INTRAVENOUS IRON VERSUS ORAL IRON IN ANTENATAL WOMEN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN SUB - HIMALAYAN SETTINGS

    OpenAIRE

    Shraddha; Anup

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Compare Intravenous Iron sucrose and Oral Ferrous sulphate in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy. METHOD: 100 sub - himalayan antenatal women between 12 to 36 weeks gestation from Central Referral Hospital with Iron deficiency anemia; hemoglobin 6 – 9 gm/dl, MCV

  9. Evaluation of patients hospitalised in pediatrics clinic for profound anemia and diagnosed as iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onder Kilicaslan

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: Profound anemia because of iron deficiency seen especially adolescent age group and only less than half associated with bleeding and all cases had scarcity of red meat consumption suggests nutritional deficiency.

  10. Red cell distribution width in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia and thalassemia trait

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate diagnostic importance of Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) in differentiating iron deficiency anemia from Thalassemia trait. A total of 100 cases aged 5 months to 50 years of either sex with diagnosed iron deficiency anemia or thalassemia trait were compared with respect to their RDW value. RDW value in iron deficiency anemia was between 36.2% to 55.2% (Mean 44.1%). The range of RDW in Thalassemia trait was 14.7% to 24.9% (Mean 19.8%). Conclusions The very high range of RDW in iron deficiency anemia as compared to slight elevation of the value in thalassemia trait in our study suggests that RDW value obtained from simple Complete Blood Counts (CBC) can help in differentiating the two pathologies. (author)

  11. Effect of iron deficiency anemia on the biodistribution of 99mTc radiopharmaceuticals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of colloids and labeled cells in organs is influenced by their intrinsic properties and by the state of the investigated subject. Iron deficiency remains an unsolved nutritional problem all over the world; one of its severe consequences is anemia. Because iron metabolism principally takes place in the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skeletal muscle and blood, we studied the effect of iron deficiency anemia on the biodistribution of 99mTc phytate, 99mTc gelatin colloid and 99mTc RBC (red blood cells labeled with 99mTc). Our results show that iron deficiency anemia modifies the pattern of biodistribution of the two colloids assayed. However, this behavior is different for both of them. This work contributes to studies that kinetically and statistically establish that iron deficiency anemia induces a significant inversion in the spleen-liver activity relationship when centellographic studies are performed with colloids such as 99mTc phytate

  12. Iron Deficiency Anemia among Hospitalized Children in Konya, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Fatih; Solak, Ece Selma; Kilicaslan, Cengizhan; Boke, Saltuk Bugra; Arslan, Sukru

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of our hospitalized patients with the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and effects of the IDA prevention project of the Turkish Ministry of Health which was started in 2004. The recommended dose of prophylactic iron supplementation was 1-2 mg/kg/day. The files of 1519 patients who were hospitalized to Konya Education and Research Hospital Pediatrics Clinic were reviewed. A total of 50 patients consisting of 35 boys and 15 girls with the mean age of 16,59 ± 1,68 months were included into the study. The prevalence of IDA was 3.29% (boys: 4.23%, girls: 2.1%). Hgb and Hct of the patients >24 months were significantly higher than those of the patients with the age of 6-12 months. Iron supplementation receiving rates were very low. Of the 28 patients older than 12 months, only 44% of them had received a full course of iron supplementation for 8 months. In conclusion, although prophylactic iron supplementation lowered the prevalences of IDA, receiving rates of iron supplementation were not adequate. While IDA is still a public health problem, prophylactic approaches should be carried out more effectively. PMID:24455223

  13. A clinical study on Pandu Roga, iron deficiency anemia, with Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension in children

    OpenAIRE

    Abhimanyu Kumar; Asish Kumar Garai

    2012-01-01

    Context: Nutritional iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in India. The nearest correlation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can be made with Pandu Roga in Ayurveda. As the IDA is a very common prevalent disease in the society and the side effects of oral allopathic iron preparations are very common, therefore to get a better alternative, an Ayurvedic herbomineral medicine, the Trikatrayadi Lauha, was subjected to a clinical trial in children suffering from IDA. Aim: Evaluation o...

  14. Managing iron deficiency anemia in children in Rural Central Africa: a literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Kendra Elwood; Fischer, Philip R.

    2016-01-01

    Among the many micronutrient deficiencies affecting children, iron deficiency remains the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world. Iron deficiency anemia, defined by a hypochromic, microcytic anemia with hemoglobin two standard deviations below the age-specific mean of normal along with depleted iron stores, is both acutely and chronically debilitating to children. Impaired physical and cognitive development is present and implicated in life-long increased risks of morbid...

  15. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Anemia among Young Children with Acute Diarrhea in Bhaktapur, Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ram K. Chandyo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is still common in children under five years of age and may impair their growth and cognitive development. Diarrhea is the second most common reason for seeking medical care for young children in Nepal. However, neither screening programs nor effective preventive measures for anemia and iron deficiencies are in place among children with diarrhea in many developing countries. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency and explore their associations with clinical, socioeconomic, and anthropometric parameters in Nepalese children. This was a cross-sectional study based on 1232 children, six to 35 months old, with acute diarrhea participating in a zinc supplementation trial. The mean (SD hemoglobin was 11.2 g/dL (1.2. Anemia was found in 493 children (40%; this estimate increased to 641 (52% when we adjusted for the altitude of the study area (hemoglobin <11.3 g/dL. One in every three children had depleted iron stores and 198 (16% of the children had both depleted iron stores and anemia, indicating iron deficiency anemia. The prevalence of anemia among children presenting with acute diarrhea was high but the degree of severity was mainly mild or moderate. Iron deficiency explained less than half of the total anemia, indicating other nutritional deficiencies inducing anemia might be common in this population.

  16. Diagnostic Value of the Cobalt (58Co) Excretion Test in Iron Deficiency Anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of iron deficiency rests upon the correct evaluation of body iron stores. Morphological interpretation of blood film and the red cell indices are not reliable and often absent in mild iron deficiency. Serum iron levels and iron-binding capacity are more sensitive indices of iron deficiency, but they are often normal in iron depletion and mild iron deficiency anemia. They are also subject ro many variables which may introduce substantial errors and influenced by many pathologic and physiologic states. Examination of the bone marrow aspirate for stainable iron has been regarded as one of the most sensitive and reliable diagnostic method for detecting iron deficiency, but this also has limitations. Thus, there is still need for a more practical, but sensitive and reliable substitute as a screening test of iron deficiency. Pollack et al. (1965) observed that the intestinal absorption of cobalt was raised in iron, deficient rats and Valberg et al. (1969) found that cobalt absorption was elevated in patients with iron deficiency. A direct correlation was demonstrated between the amounts of radioiron and radiocobalt absorbed. Unlike iron, excess cobalt was excreted by the kidney, the percentage of radioactivity in the urine being directly related to the percentage absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract. Recently a test based on the urinary excretion of an oral dose of 57Co has been proposed as a method for detecting iron deficiency. To assess the diagnostic value of urinary cobalt excretion test cobaltous chloride labelled with 1 μCi of 58Co was given by mouth and the percentage of the test dose excreted in the urine was measured by a gamma counter. The mean 24 hour urinary cobalt excretion in control subjects with normal iron stores was 6.1%(1.9-15.2%). Cobalt excretion was markedly increased in patients with iron deficiency and excreted more than 29% of the dose. In contrast, patients with anemia due to causes other than iron deficiency excreted less

  17. The Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia in High School Students of Baft in 2009

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    Korourian, A. (PhD

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common nutritional problems in the world. This research aimed at determining the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in one of the most endangered age group in Baft, Iran. Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 325 high school students selected via simple random sampling (165boysand 160girls. The participants with MCV≤ 80µm or MCH ≤ 27 Pg who had simultaneously TIBC ≤ 15 % or Ferritin ≤ 1 5 ng/ml were considered as an iron deficiency anemia. Results: Considering MCV and MCH, the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in girls (14.37% and boys (2.42% was significantly different (P <0.05. Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in high school students of Baft is significantly high in comparison with other studies. To increase students' intellectual and physical performance, Screening and treatment of iron deficiency are recommended. Keywords: Anemia; Iron Deficiency; Baft; Students

  18. Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Infancy and Social Emotional Development in Preschool-Aged Chinese Children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chang, S.; Wang, L.; Wang, Y.; Brouwer, I.D.; Kok, F.J.; Lozoff, B.; Chen, C.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: We aimed to compare affect and behavior of 3 groups of nonanemic 4-year-old children: children with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in infancy whose anemia was not corrected before 24 months (chronic IDA) (n = 27); children with IDA in infancy whose anemia was corrected before 24 months (cor

  19. Diagnosis and treatment of unexplained anemia with iron deficiency without overt bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlerup, Jens Frederik; Eivindson, Martin; Jacobsen, Bent Ascanius;

    2015-01-01

    A general overview is given of the causes of anemia with iron deficiency as well as the pathogenesis of anemia and the para-clinical diagnosis of anemia. Anemia with iron deficiency but without overt GI bleeding is associated with a risk of malignant disease of the gastrointestinal tract; upper...... gastrointestinal cancer is 1/7 as common as colon cancer. Benign gastrointestinal causes of anemia are iron malabsorption (atrophic gastritis, celiac disease, chronic inflammation, and bariatric surgery) and chronic blood loss due to gastrointestinal ulcerations. The following diagnostic strategy is recommended...... for unexplained anemia with iron deficiency: conduct serological celiac disease screening with transglutaminase antibody (IgA type) and IgA testing and perform bidirectional endoscopy (gastroscopy and colonoscopy). Bidirectional endoscopy is not required in premenopausal women

  20. Diagnosis and treatment of unexplained anemia with iron deficiency without overt bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlerup, Jens Frederik; Eivindson, Martin; Jacobsen, Bent Ascanius;

    2015-01-01

    A general overview is given of the causes of anemia with iron deficiency as well as the pathogenesis of anemia and the para-clinical diagnosis of anemia. Anemia with iron deficiency but without overt GI bleeding is associated with a risk of malignant disease of the gastrointestinal tract; upper...... gastrointestinal cancer is 1/7 as common as colon cancer. Benign gastrointestinal causes of anemia are iron malabsorption (atrophic gastritis, celiac disease, chronic inflammation, and bariatric surgery) and chronic blood loss due to gastrointestinal ulcerations. The following diagnostic strategy is recommended...... for unexplained anemia with iron deficiency: conduct serological celiac disease screening with transglutaminase antibody (IgA type) and IgA testing and perform bidirectional endoscopy (gastroscopy and colonoscopy). Bidirectional endoscopy is not required in premenopausal women < 40 years of age. Small...

  1. Iron deficiency anemia among kindergarten children living in the marginalized areas of Gaza Strip, Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Mohammed Sirdah

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of nutritional anemia; it has been recognized as an important health problem in Palestine. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and to identify possible risk factors of iron deficiency anemia among kindergarten children living in the marginalized areas of the Gaza Strip and to evaluate the effectiveness of supplementing oral iron formula in the anemic children. Methods: the study included 735 (384 male and 351 female kindergarten children. Data was collected by questionnaire interviews, anthropometric measurements, and complete blood count analysis. All iron deficient anemic children were treated using an oral iron formula (50 mg ferrous carbonate + 100 mg vitamin C /5 mL and the complete blood count was reassessed after three months. A univariate analysis and a multiple logistic regression model were constructed; crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR, and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI were calculated. Results: the overall prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 33.5% with no significant differences between boys and girls. Significantly different prevalences of iron deficiency anemia were reported between different governorates of the Gaza Strip. Governorate, low education level of the parents and smoking are significant risk factors for children developing anemia. Significantly lower complete blood count parameters, except for WBC, were reported in anemic children. The oral iron treatment significantly improved hemoglobin concentrations, and normalized the iron deficiency marker. Conclusions: iron deficiency anemia is a serious health problem among children living in the marginalized areas of the Gaza Strip, which justifies the necessity for national intervention programs to improve the health status for the less fortunate development areas.

  2. Diagnosis and treatment of unexplained anemia with iron deficiency without overt bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlerup, Jens Frederik; Eivindson, Martin; Jacobsen, Bent Ascanius; Jensen, Nanna Martin; Jørgensen, Søren Peter; Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Rasmussen, Morten; Nathan, Torben

    2015-04-01

    A general overview is given of the causes of anemia with iron deficiency as well as the pathogenesis of anemia and the para-clinical diagnosis of anemia. Anemia with iron deficiency but without overt GI bleeding is associated with a risk of malignant disease of the gastrointestinal tract; upper gastrointestinal cancer is 1/7 as common as colon cancer. Benign gastrointestinal causes of anemia are iron malabsorption (atrophic gastritis, celiac disease, chronic inflammation, and bariatric surgery) and chronic blood loss due to gastrointestinal ulcerations. The following diagnostic strategy is recommended for unexplained anemia with iron deficiency: conduct serological celiac disease screening with transglutaminase antibody (IgA type) and IgA testing and perform bidirectional endoscopy (gastroscopy and colonoscopy). Bidirectional endoscopy is not required in premenopausal women disease (e.g., involuntary weight loss, abdominal pain or increased CRP). Targeted treatment of any cause of anemia with iron deficiency found on diagnostic assessment should be initiated. In addition, iron supplementation should be administered, with the goal of normalizing hemoglobin levels and replenishing iron stores. Oral treatment with a 100-200 mg daily dose of elemental iron is recommended (lower dose if side effects), but 3-6 months of oral iron therapy is often required to achieve therapeutic goals. Intravenous iron therapy is used if oral treatment lacks efficacy or causes side effects or in the presence of intestinal malabsorption or prolonged inflammation. Three algorithms are given for the following conditions: a) the paraclinical diagnosis of anemia with iron deficiency; b) the diagnostic work-up for unexplained anemia with iron deficiency without overt bleeding; and c) how to proceed after negative bidirectional endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract. PMID:25872536

  3. The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and simple febrile convulsion in children

    OpenAIRE

    Yousefichaijan, Parsa; Eghbali, Aziz; Rafeie, Mohammad; Sharafkhah, Mojtaba; Zolfi, Mohaddeseh; Firouzifar, Mohammadreza

    2014-01-01

    Background: Simple febrile convulsion is the most common disease of the nervous system in children. There are hypotheses that iron deficiency may affect febrile convulsion and the threshold of neuron excitation. Aims: This study was conducted with the objective of finding the effects of iron deficiency anemia on simple febrile convulsion episodes. Settings and Design: The study was conducted at AmirKabir Hospital of Arak Medical Sciences University, Arak, Iran. This is a case-control study. M...

  4. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF IRON SUPPLEMENTS IN SOUTH INDIAN ANTENATAL WOMEN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

    OpenAIRE

    Geetha; Rageshwari; Parvathavarthini; Sowmia; Priestly Vivekkumar; Simhadri V. S. D. N. A; Umamageswari

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. It is a major public health problem particularly among pregnant women with adverse effects on the mother and the new born. Iron supplementation is universally recommended to correct or prevent iron deficiency. AIMS & OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of three oral iron preparations in anemic pregnant women of more than 14 weeks of gesta...

  5. IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY INTRAVENOUS IRON SUCROSE AN ALTERNATIVE TO ORAL FERROUS SULPHATE THERAPY

    OpenAIRE

    Shireen; Radhamani

    2014-01-01

    : BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is a commonest medical problem throughout the developing world with the burden of disease impacting in both mother and newborn. 46 Anaemia affects nearly half of all the pregnant women in the world, these figures are 52%1 in the developing and 23%26 in the developed world. The high prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia among women during pregnancy in developing countries is of concern and a cause of con...

  6. Iron deficiency anemia among children: Addressing a global public health problem within a Canadian context

    OpenAIRE

    Christofides, Anna; Schauer, Claudia; Zlotkin, Stanley H.

    2005-01-01

    Despite current Canadian pre- and perinatal nutrition programs, the prevalence of both iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is very high among young Aboriginal children from Canada’s remote north. The major risk factors for IDA include prolonged consumption of evaporated cow’s milk, chronic infection and prolonged exclusive breastfeeding. In the present article, the authors discuss IDA as a significant public health problem in Canadian Aboriginal communities. Whereas the prevalenc...

  7. Breastfeeding exclusively and iron deficiency anemia during the first 6 months of age

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa F.S.V. Marques; José A. A. C. Taddei; Fábio A Lopez; Josefina A.P. Braga

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among exclusively breastfed infants from one to six months of life and to identify associated risk factors. Methods This is a cohort study of the hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels of 102 healthy full-term infants, weighing more than 2500 grams (5.5 pounds) at birth, evaluated for growth development and supported to promote exclusive breastfeeding. Hemoglobin and ferritin levels were meas...

  8. Prevention of Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Infants and Children of Preschool Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fomon, Samuel J.

    Iron-deficiency anemia is almost certainly the most prevalent nutritional disorder among infants and young children in the United States. Anemia is frequently seen among children of low socioeconomic status but is probably also the most frequent nutritional deficiency disease seen among children cared for by private doctors. Possible reasons for…

  9. Urinary catecholamines in iron deficiency anemia: effects of environmental temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, S.M.; Beard, J.L.

    1986-03-05

    Iron deficiency (ID) is associated with increased levels of norepinephrine (NE) in plasma and urine. They investigated the effect of 5-7 days exposure to three different environmental temperatures (10/sup 0/C, 24/sup 0/C, 30/sup 0/C) on urinary catecholamine levels to test the hypothesis that increased thermogenic activity is causal to this increased excretion in iron deficiency. Catecholamines were analyzed from acidified urine by HPLC-EC. The mean Hb in ID animals was 3.1 +/- .5 versus controls of 12.8 +/- 9. These data demonstrate that contrary to previous reports NE excretion is not normalized at a thermoneutral temperature and suggests a basic abnormality in peripheral SNS activity and NE metabolism in iron deficiency that is independent of environmental drive from thermogenesis.

  10. Urinary catecholamines in iron deficiency anemia: effects of environmental temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron deficiency (ID) is associated with increased levels of norepinephrine (NE) in plasma and urine. They investigated the effect of 5-7 days exposure to three different environmental temperatures (100C, 240C, 300C) on urinary catecholamine levels to test the hypothesis that increased thermogenic activity is causal to this increased excretion in iron deficiency. Catecholamines were analyzed from acidified urine by HPLC-EC. The mean Hb in ID animals was 3.1 +/- .5 versus controls of 12.8 +/- 9. These data demonstrate that contrary to previous reports NE excretion is not normalized at a thermoneutral temperature and suggests a basic abnormality in peripheral SNS activity and NE metabolism in iron deficiency that is independent of environmental drive from thermogenesis

  11. Iron Deficiency and Other Types of Anemia in Infants and Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mary

    2016-02-15

    Anemia, defined as a hemoglobin level two standard deviations below the mean for age, is prevalent in infants and children worldwide. The evaluation of a child with anemia should begin with a thorough history and risk assessment. Characterizing the anemia as microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic based on the mean corpuscular volume will aid in the workup and management. Microcytic anemia due to iron deficiency is the most common type of anemia in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the World Health Organization recommend routine screening for anemia at 12 months of age; the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force found insufficient evidence to assess the benefits vs. harms of screening. Iron deficiency anemia, which can be associated with cognitive issues, is prevented and treated with iron supplements or increased intake of dietary iron. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force found insufficient evidence to recommend screening or treating pregnant women for iron deficiency anemia to improve maternal or neonatal outcomes. Delayed cord clamping can improve iron status in infancy, especially for at-risk populations, such as those who are preterm or small for gestational age. Normocytic anemia may be caused by congenital membranopathies, hemoglobinopathies, enzymopathies, metabolic defects, and immune-mediated destruction. An initial reticulocyte count is needed to determine bone marrow function. Macrocytic anemia, which is uncommon in children, warrants subsequent evaluation for vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies, hypothyroidism, hepatic disease, and bone marrow disorders. PMID:26926814

  12. Managing iron deficiency anemia in children in Rural Central Africa: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendra Elwood

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the many micronutrient deficiencies affecting children, iron deficiency remains the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world. Iron deficiency anemia, defined by a hypochromic, microcytic anemia with hemoglobin two standard deviations below the age-specific mean of normal along with depleted iron stores, is both acutely and chronically debilitating to children. Impaired physical and cognitive development is present and implicated in life-long increased risks of morbidity. The developing countries of rural central Africa are at risk given the relative deficiency of iron rich foods and supplements, and concomitant infections. Children in particular suffer the consequences as their increased rates of growth are not met by depleted iron stores. The WHO has recommended a multi-faceted approach to the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia, including increased iron intake, improved nutrition, and control of infections. In this article, we review fundamental information about the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia, its contributing factors, and highlight the management of iron deficiency through point of care treatment and intermittent supplementation in rural central Africa.

  13. Prevalence of Iron deficiency anemia in children with liver cirrhosis: A cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: Among the many complications reported for cirrhosis, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) has attracted much attention. This type of anemia, in contrast to other types of anemia, is easy to treat prophylactically, but if left untreated can lead to a poor quality of life. The aim of this study was to estimate the hemoglobin and serum iron levels among patients with liver cirrhosis for the early diagnosis of IDA and to avoid unnecessary testing and iron supplementation. Subjects and Methods...

  14. Iron Deficiency Anemia: Focus on Infectious Diseases in Lesser Developed Countries

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    Julia G. Shaw

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is thought to affect the health of more than one billion people worldwide, with the greatest burden of disease experienced in lesser developed countries, particularly women of reproductive age and children. This greater disease burden is due to both nutritional and infectious etiologies. Individuals in lesser developed countries have diets that are much lower in iron, less access to multivitamins for young children and pregnant women, and increased rates of fertility which increase demands for iron through the life course. Infectious diseases, particularly parasitic diseases, also lead to both extracorporeal iron loss and anemia of inflammation, which decreases bioavailability of iron to host tissues. This paper will address the unique etiologies and consequences of both iron deficiency anemia and the alterations in iron absorption and distribution seen in the context of anemia of inflammation. Implications for diagnosis and treatment in this unique context will also be discussed.

  15. The prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Its Anemia in 1-5 Years Old Children and Their Mothers in Birjand City

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    Azita Fesharakinia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background &Objective: Micronutrient deficiencies are the most common nutritional disorders in the world in which iron deficiency is the most important one. This study was done for investigating the prevalence of iron deficiency and its anemia in children and their mothers in Birjand city in 2011.Materials & Methods: 143 children of 1-5 years old who referred to the health care centers of Birjand city were chosen by multistage cluster random sampling method and both the children and mothers were studied. After filling the questionnaire about demographic characteristics of children and mothers, the hemoglobin and ferritin of both children and their mothers were measured.Results: 12.6 % of the children and 16.1% of the mothers had iron deficiency, 16.8 % of children and 15.4 % of mothers had iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in both children and mothers was significantly higher especially among working mothers. Both children’s iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia had a significant and direct relation with mother’s iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.Conclusion: It is recommended to elevate the awareness of mothers, especially the working ones about the danger of iron deficiency and its anemia in their children and themselves, educate them about the correct nutritional habits for their family and themselves, screen the children of 1-5 years old for iron deficiency and its anemia and also investigate mothers’ children with iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.

  16. Malondialdehyde, antioxidant enzymes, and renal tubular functions in children with iron deficiency or iron-deficiency anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altun, Demet; Kurekci, Ahmet Emin; Gursel, Orhan; Hacıhamdioglu, Duygu Ovunc; Kurt, Ismail; Aydın, Ahmet; Ozcan, Okan

    2014-10-01

    We aimed to investigate the effects of iron deficiency (ID) or iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) on oxidative stress and renal tubular functions before and after treatment of children. A total of 30 children with a diagnosis of IDA constituted the IDA group and 32 children with a diagnosis of ID constituted the ID group. Control group consisted 38 age-matched children. Serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), serum, and urinary sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), creatinine (Cr), uric acid (UA), urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) levels, and intra-erythrocyte malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were measured before and after iron therapy in the IDA and ID groups, whereas it was studied once in the control group. We have divided the study group in groups according to age (infants children 3-9 years, and adolescents 10-15 years). Patients with IDA (infant, adolescent) and ID (infant, children, and adolescent) had a significantly high level of MDA in post-treatment period in comparison to those of healthy control. Patients with IDA (children, adolescent) and ID (infant, children) had a significantly high level of pre-treatment GSH-Px than controls. Post-treatment SOD was lower in IDA (children and adolescent) groups than control and post-treatment CAT was lower in IDA and ID (adolescent) groups than control. These findings show that ferrous sulfate used in the treatment of ID or IDA could lead to oxidative stress; however, a marked deterioration of in proximal renal tubular functions was not seen. PMID:25099508

  17. Iron-deficiency Anemia in Children with Febrile Seizure: A Case-Control Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fateme GHASEMI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Ghasemi F, Valizadeh F, Taee N. Iron-deficiency Anemia in Children with Febrile Seizure: A Case-Control Study. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Spring 8(2:38-44.ObjectiveConsidering the recurrence of febrile seizure and costs for families, many studies have attempted to identify its risk factors. Some recent studies have reported that anemia is more common in children with febrile convulsion, whereas others have reported that iron deficiency raises the seizure threshold. This study was done to compare iron-deficiency anemia in children with first FS with children having febrile illness alone and with healthy children.Materials & MethodsThis case-control study evaluated 300 children in three groups (first FS, febrile without convulsion, and healthy in Khoramabad Madani Hospital from September 2009 to September 2010. Body temperature on admission wasmeasured using the tympanic method. CBC diff, MCV, MCH, MCHC, serum iron, plasma ferritin and TIBC tests were performed for all participants. Data were analyzed by frequency, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, and chi-square statistical tests. Odds ratios were estimated by logistic regression at a confidence level of 95%.Results Forty percent of the cases with FS had iron-deficiency anemia, compared to 26% of children with febrile illness without seizure and 12% of healthy children. The Odds ratio for iron-deficiency anemia in the patients with FS was 1.89 (95% CI, 1.04-5.17 compared to the febrile children without convulsion and 2.21 (95% CI, 1.54-3.46 compared to the healthy group. ConclusionChildren with FS are more likely to be iron-deficient than those with febrile illness alone and healthy children. Thus, iron-deficiency anemia could be a risk factor for FS.References1. Østergaard J R. Febrile Seizures. Acta Pædiatr 2009;98(5:771-3.2. Jones T, Jacobsen SJ. Childhood Febrile Seizures: Overview and Implications. Int J Med Sci. 2007; 4(2:110-4.3. Flury T, Aebi

  18. Iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 12-15 months in Ahwaz, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Monajemzadeh Seyed; Zarkesh Mohammad

    2009-01-01

    Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Infants aged between 4 and 24 months are among the population groups that are most affected by iron deficiency (ID). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ID and IDA in infants aged 12-15 months, living in Ahwaz, southwest of Iran. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-six infants participated in the study. The mean corpus...

  19. Helicobacter pylori-related iron deficiency anemia in children

    OpenAIRE

    Smaragdi Fessatou, Maria Kostaki, T. Karpathios

    2007-01-01

    SUMMARY In this report we described two cases of children with chronic active Helicobacter pylori gastritis without evidence of esophagogastrointestinal bleeding associated with irondeficiency anemia. In these cases, long-standing iron supplementation had been necessary, but replacement therapy, without considering the role of Helicobacter pylori, was ineffective. The anemia returned after the discontinuation of the iron therapy. Only the eradication therapy of helicobacter pylori led to a co...

  20. Impact of iron deficiency anemia on cell-mediated and humoral immunity in children: A case control study

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Indranil; SAHA, Kaushik; Mukhopadhyay, Debanjan; Roy, Shreosee; Raychaudhuri, Gargi; Chatterjee, Mitali; Mitra, Pradip Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The precise role of iron in immune regulation especially in children vulnerable to iron deficiency is not fully known. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and its treatment with oral iron supplementation on cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and humoral immunity (HMI) in children. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 children (

  1. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis: a rare cause of iron-deficiency anemia in childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggi, Vincenzo; Lo Vecchio, Andrea; Menna, Francesco; Menna, Giuseppe

    2011-05-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a chronic, rare disorder confined to the lung, which is commonly characterized by the triad of recurrent hemoptysis, diffuse parenchyma infiltrates on chest radiography, and iron-deficiency anemia. Diagnosis may be difficult and the clinical course may be widely variable. Here, we describe an 8-year-old boy whose isolated symptom on presentation was iron-deficiency anemia. Presence of hemoptysis and bilateral alveolar infiltrates on chest x-ray led to the diagnosis of pulmonary hemosiderosis, subsequently confirmed by the finding of hemosiderin-laden macrophages by bronchoalveolar lavage. The patient was started on prednisolone 2 mg/kg/d and no further bleeding episodes were noted after the onset of therapy. PMID:21516015

  2. Iron Deficiency Anemia in Infancy Is Associated with Altered Temporal Organization of Sleep States in Childhood

    OpenAIRE

    PEIRANO, PATRICIO D.; ALGARÍN, CECILIA R.; Garrido, Marcelo I.; Lozoff, Betsy

    2007-01-01

    The highest prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infancy coincides with a time of rapid changes in sleep organization. Since IDA in infancy is associated with long-lasting neurofunctional effects despite iron treatment, the normal development of sleep patterns might be affected. Night polysomnographic recordings were performed in 55 healthy 4-y-old children (former IDA = 27, nonanemic controls = 28). Both groups were followed from infancy and were similar in background characteristic...

  3. Iron Deficiency Anemia: Focus on Infectious Diseases in Lesser Developed Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Julia G. Shaw; Friedman, Jennifer F

    2011-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is thought to affect the health of more than one billion people worldwide, with the greatest burden of disease experienced in lesser developed countries, particularly women of reproductive age and children. This greater disease burden is due to both nutritional and infectious etiologies. Individuals in lesser developed countries have diets that are much lower in iron, less access to multivitamins for young children and pregnant women, and increased rates of fertility wh...

  4. Iron deficiency anemia in Tarahumara women of reproductive-age in Northern Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Monárrez-Espino Joel; Martínez Homero; Greiner Ted

    2001-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among Tarahumara women of reproductive age. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a representative sample of 481 women aged 12-49 years, residents of Guachochi Municipality, Chihuahua, from June to September 1998. The hemoglobin (Hb) level was measured in capillary blood using the Hemocue technique, and the serum ferritin level in capillary serum spotted on filter paper, in a sub-sample of women. ...

  5. Prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in children with iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Jung Won Yoon; Sung Woo Kim; Eun Gyong Yoo; Moon Kyu Kim

    2012-01-01

    &lt;b&gt;Purpose:&lt;/b&gt; The increasing prevalence of breast feeding has led to concerns about vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children. We evaluated the prevalence of VDD in a population of Korean children with IDA and assessed the risk factors for VDD in these children. &lt;b&gt;Methods:&lt;/b&gt; A total of 79 children who...

  6. Iron deficiency anemia in an athlete associated with Campylobacter pylori-negative chronic gastritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 14-year-old athletic boy with a 1-year history of decreased exercise tolerance presented with unexplained iron deficiency anemia. Panendoscopy, colonoscopy, and barium contrast studies of the gastrointestinal tract were normal. However, persistent uptake of radionuclide using a 99mtechnetium-sucralfate scan suggested inflammation localized to the stomach. Mucosal biopsies demonstrated acute and chronic gastritis that was not associated with the presence of Campylobacter pylori

  7. Intravenous Iron Therapy in Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia: Dosing Considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Todd A. Koch; Jennifer Myers; Lawrence Tim Goodnough

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To provide clinicians with evidence-based guidance for iron therapy dosing in patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), we conducted a study examining the benefits of a higher cumulative dose of intravenous (IV) iron than what is typically administered. Methods. We first individually analyzed 5 clinical studies, averaging the total iron deficit across all patients utilizing a modified Ganzoni formula; we then similarly analyzed 2 larger clinical studies. For the second of the lar...

  8. Reticulocyte parameters in hemoglobinopathies and iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Cortellazzi Laura C.; Teixeira Sara M.; Borba Ronaldo; Gervásio Sirlei; Cintra Carmem S.; Grotto Helena Z. W.

    2003-01-01

    Flow cytometric reticulocyte analysis allows the evaluation of reticulocyte maturity. New reticulocyte parameters have been used in the diagnosis and management of anemias, in the bone marrow transplant setting and in the monitoring of iron replacement or erythropoiet in therapy. Reticulocyte numbers and maturation levels have been studied in different hemoglobinopathies and the results have been correlated with the degree of ineffective erythropoiesis. In order to verify differences in retic...

  9. Severe Respiratory Distress in a Child with Pulmonary Idiopathic Hemosiderosis Initially Presenting with Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    A. Potalivo; L. Finessi; F. Facondini; A. Lupo; Andreoni, C.; Giuliani, G.; Cavicchi, C

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of alveolar hemorrhage in children but should be considered in children with anemia of unknown origin who develop respiratory complications. It is commonly characterized by the triad of recurrent hemoptysis, diffuse parenchymal infiltrates, and iron-deficiency anemia. Pathogenesis is unclear and diagnosis may be difficult along with a variable clinical course. A 6-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital with a severe iron-deficiency a...

  10. Obesity modulate serum hepcidin and treatment outcome of iron deficiency anemia in children: A case control study

    OpenAIRE

    Osman Mohammed; Sanad Mohammed; Gharib Amal

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Recently, hepcidin expression in adipose tissue has been described and shown to be increased in patients with severe obesity. We tried to assess the effect of obesity on hepcidin serum levels and treatment outcome of iron deficiency anemia in children. Methods This was a case control study included 70 children with iron deficiency anemia "IDA" (35 obese and 35 non-obese) and 30 healthy non-obese children with comparable age and sex(control group). Parameters of iron status...

  11. Impact of vitamin C addition to $Fe^{++}$ supplementation in laboratory response in iron deficiency anemia of childhood

    OpenAIRE

    ŞENER, Nurdan Berna; Fezan, ŞAHİN

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of adding Vitamine C to $Fe^{++}$ in treatment of iron deficiency anemia in childhood. Materials and Methods: Infants who applied to outpatient clinic of Zeynep Kamil Maternity Hospital and get the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia were divided into two groups. First group received only $Fe^{++}$, second group received Vitamine C and $Fe^{++}$. Hematological results were evaluated at the end of first and second month. Results: Hemoglobine (p>0.05), hematoc...

  12. The prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency is more common in breastfed infants than their mothers in Bhaktapur, Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Ulak, Manjeswori; Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman; Ulvik, Rune Johan; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Locks, Lindsey; FAWZI, Wafaie W.; Strand, Tor A.

    2015-01-01

    Background/Objectives: Iron deficiency anemia is a widespread public health problem, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Maternal iron status around and during pregnancy may influence infant iron status. We examined multiple biomarkers to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and anemia among breastfed infants and explored its relationship with maternal and infant characteristics in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Subjects/Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, we randomly selected 50...

  13. STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF IRON DEFICIENCY OF ANEMIA IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN RURAL INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidya P.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Micro nutritional deficiencies are common in developing countries like India. Nutritional deficiency anemia is more prevalent in children and young adolescent male and females. The objective of present study was to determine the prevalence of Iron deficiency anemia in children age group 8 – 12 years in our locality. AIM: to estimate the prevalence of IDA in Bhojapur, Taluka Sinnar of Maharashtra. METHODS: this Cross Sectional study was conducted in school going children of Bhojapur, Taluka Sinnar of Maharashtra, age group 8 – 12 year boys and girls. Hemoglobin, Serum Ferritin, Total Iron Binding Capacity [TIBC] and Transferrin levels were analyzed. RESULTS: 185 males and 174 female school going children were examined, IDA was prevalent in 58.9% of males and 63.2 % in females, there was significant decrease in parameters of Hemoglobin, Serum Ferritin and Transferrin saturation and increase in Total Iron Binding Capacity in this group of population indicating prevalence of the Iron deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: within limitations of the present study it was found that Iron deficiency anemia was common in children in rural India. IDA was slightly more prevalent in girls of the same age group as compared to boys. Lower socioeconomic status was linked with decreased Hemoglobin levels probably due to nutritional deficiencies. This calls for a comprehensive micro nutritional policy in addition to food security to address the problem.

  14. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF IRON SUPPLEMENTS IN SOUTH INDIAN ANTENATAL WOMEN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

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    Geetha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. It is a major public health problem particularly among pregnant women with adverse effects on the mother and the new born. Iron supplementation is universally recommended to correct or prevent iron deficiency. AIMS & OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of three oral iron preparations in anemic pregnant women of more than 14 weeks of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized Control trial, done at Tagore Medical College and Hospital, Chennai. 60 antenatal women were selected; they were divided into three groups, 20 in each group. They were treated with Carbonyl iron, ferrous sulphate and ferrous fumarate. Hemoglobin estimation was done at 0 day, 30th and 60th day. Adverse effects were monitored. RESULTS: Data analysis showed an increase in haemoglobin levels in all three groups after the 30th day (p<0.05. Carbonyl iron showed highly significant increase (p<0.05 in the haemoglobin level as compared to the other two drugs at the end of the 60th day. CONCLUSION: Carbonyl iron is superior in efficacy when compared to ferrous sulphate and ferrous fumarate and is better tolerated. So carbonyl iron is safe in pregnancy and can be given as a supplement to treat iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy.

  15. Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children With First Attack of Seizure and on Healthy Control Group: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razieh FALLAH

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Fallah R, Tirandazi F, Ferdosian F, Fadavi N. Iron Deficiency And Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children With First Attack of Seizure and on Healthy Control Group : A Comparative Study. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Summer;8(3: 18-23. AbstractObjectiveSeizures are the most common pediatric neurologic problem. Research of the association between iron deficiency and seizures has shown conflicting results.This study evaluates iron status of children with a first seizure attack (febrile seizure (FS or first unprovoked afebrile seizure (FUS and healthy control group.Materials & MethodsIn a cross sectional case control study, iron status of 6–60 month year old admitted children with first seizure to Shahid Sadoughi Hospital from August 2011–December 2012 were evaluated and compared with healthy control children that were referred to primary health care center of Azadshar, Yazd, Iran.Results150 children were compared in three equal (FS, afebrile seizure, and control groups.Hemoglobin levels in FUS (11.39 ± 1.07 g/dl and FS (11.46 ± 1.18 g/dl were lower than the control group (11.9 ± 0.89 g/dl group.Serum iron levels in FS (38.52 ± 11.38 μg/dL and FUS (42.68 ± 14.76 μg/dL were lower than the control group (54.32 ± 13.46 μg/dL.Serum ferritin level in FUS (46.21 ± 27.63 ng/mL and FS (48.91 ±22.96 ng/mL was lower than the control group (75.13 ± 35.57 ng/mL.Iron deficiency (48% in FS, 44% in FUS and 28% in control group and iron deficiency anemia (26% in FUS, 22% in FS, and 10% in healthy children was more frequent in children with seizures.ConclusionIron status should be evaluated in children with a first attack of febrile or afebrile seizures.ReferencesMikati MA. Seizures in Childhood. Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, Schor NF, St. Geme JW, Behrman RE. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Philadelphia, Saunders 2011; 19th edition, Pp: 2013-2017.Yadav D, Chandra J. Iron deficiency: beyond anemia. Indian J Pediatr 2011

  16. Comparison of Once a Day and Three Times a Day Iron Treatment in 9-12 Year Old Elementary School Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Gunadi, Dedy; Rosdiana, Nelly; Lubis, Bidasari

    2009-01-01

    Background The compliance of iron deficiency anemia treatment that is administered three times daily in children is low. The compliance will be better if therapy is administered once daily. Objective To compare the iron therapy response of once per day vs. three times a day administration in 9-12 year old children with iron deficiency anemia. Methods Children with iron deficiency anemia were randomly allocated into a ferrous sulfate once-daily group or a ferrous sulfate three times-...

  17. The Effect of Education-Based Intervention Using Small Group Discussion in Empowering Adolescent Girls to Prevent Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemehsadat Seyed Nematollah Roshan; Hasan Navipor; Fatemeh Alhani

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide. Regarding that fact, the aim of this study was to study the effectiveness of education-based intervention using small group discussions in empowering adolescent girls to prevent Iron deficiency anemia. Materials and Methods:The present semi-experimental practical research was performed by choosing 60 female high-schoolers through random cluster sampling (n=30 test group and n=30 control group). The res...

  18. The role of TMPRSS6 polymorphisms in iron deficiency anemia partially responsive to oral iron treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggiali, Erika; Andreozzi, Fabio; Nava, Isabella; Consonni, Dario; Graziadei, Giovanna; Cappellini, Maria Domenica

    2015-04-01

    Iron refractory iron deficiency anemia (IRIDA) is a rare hereditary disease caused by mutations in TMPRSS6 gene encoding Matriptase-2, a negative regulator of hepcidin transcription. Up to now, 53 IRIDA patients from 35 families with different ethnic origins have been reported and 41 TMPRSS6 mutations have been identified. TMPRSS6 polymorphisms are more frequent than mutations, and have been associated with variation in iron and hematologic parameters. Our study evaluated their presence in 113 subjects with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) partially responsive to oral iron therapy and in 50 healthy blood donors. Thalassemic trait was diagnosed in 38 patients. Sequencing analysis of TMPRSS6 gene revealed that the frequency of several polymorphisms was markedly different between IDA subjects and controls. In particular, the V736A TMPRSS6 polymorphism was associated to moderately lower hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin levels, and in thalassemia carriers with marked anemia and microcytosis. A new variant-H448R- and two uncommon polymorphisms -A719T and V795I- were also identified. These results indicate that TMPRSS6 polymorphisms are more frequent in subjects with persistent IDA than in healthy controls, and in thalassemia carriers V736A variant may account for lower hemoglobin and MCV levels. Further studies in larger court of patients are necessary to identify potential haplotypes and polymorphisms responsible for low response to oral iron treatment and may be useful for planning a correct iron supplementation. PMID:25557470

  19. Association between iron deficiency anemia and blood level in egyptian children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relationship between iron deficiency and blood lead levels was investigated in a cross-sectional study of 200 children of both sexes, aged 6-12 years with mean of 7.8 +- 2.6 years. They were randomly selected from governmental primary school located near a highly contaminated industrial area. Blood samples were collected for measuring blood lead levels, serum iron serum ferritin, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and other hematological indices. According to iron status, children were classified into non-anemic healthy controls(n=37),iron depleted children(n=58)and children with iron deficiency anemia (n=105).Iron deficiency is defined when MCV 10 / dl were significantly lower than those for children with blood lead levels < 10 /dl. Comparison of blood lead concentrations between boys and girls revealed highly significant increase in blood lead level in boys than girls. A strong negative correlation was detected between blood lead levels and serum iron in all subjects. However, such correlation vanished between blood lead concentration and serum ferritin,so, it could be concluded from the present study that the blood lead levels were changed according to changes in iron status. Improving iron status, along with reducing exposure to environmental contamination with lead, may help in reducing blood lead levels among most children especially those living in contaminated environment

  20. Clinical and radiologic review of uncommon cause of profound iron deficiency anemia: Median arcuate ligament syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunduz, Yasemin; Asil, Kiyasrttin; Aksoy, Yakup Ersel; Ayhan, Lacin Tatli [Dept. of Radiology, Sakarya University Medical Faculty, Sakarya (Turkmenistan)

    2014-08-15

    Median arcuate ligament syndrome is an anatomic and clinical entity characterized by dynamic compression of the proximal celiac artery by the median arcuate ligament, which leads to postprandial epigastric pain, vomiting, and weight loss. These symptoms are usually nonspecific and are easily misdiagnosed as functional dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease, or gastropathy. In this report, we presented a 72-year-old male patient with celiac artery compression syndrome causing recurrent abdominal pain associated with gastric ulcer and iron deficiency anemia. This association is relatively uncommon and therefore not well determined. In addition, we reported the CT angiography findings and three-dimensional reconstructions of this rare case.

  1. Does Helicobacter pylori infection play a role in iron deficiency anemia? A meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    AIM:To perform a meta-analysis of observational studies and randomized controlled trials(RCTs)on the association between Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori)and iron deficiency anemia(IDA).METHODS:A defined search strategy was used to search Medline,Embase,the Cochrane Library,Clinical Trials,Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,Premedline and Healthstar.Odds ratio(OR)was used to evaluate observational epidemiology studies,and weighted mean difference(WMD)was used to demonstrate the difference between co...

  2. Urinary Kidney Injury Molecules in Children with Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ali GÜNEŞ; Ece, Aydın; Aktar, Fesih; Tan, İlhan; Söker, Murat; Karabel, Duran; Balık, Hasan; Uluca, Ünal; Şen, Velat; Yolbaş, İlyas

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate the urine levels of human kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) in children with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA). Material/Methods Thirty-five children with IDA and 32 matched healthy controls were recruited. We assessed complete blood count, serum iron, iron-binding capacity, ferritin, serum levels of urea, crea...

  3. Long-term Neuroendocrine Effects of Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Infancy

    OpenAIRE

    Felt, Barbara T.; Peirano, Patricio; Algarín, Cecilia; Chamorro, Rodrigo; Sir, Teresa; Kaciroti, Niko; Lozoff, Betsy

    2012-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is recognized to have long-lasting effects on neurodevelopment, but there is little research on neuroendocrine systems. This study examined the effects of IDA in early or later infancy on plasmacortisol and prolactin stress-response patterns for one hour after a venipuncture and catheter placement in 10-year-old healthy Chilean children. Children identified with IDA at 6 months (IDA-6; n = 13) or 12 months (IDA-12; n = 24) and who were iron sufficient at other inf...

  4. Optimal management of iron deficiency anemia due to poor dietary intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-López S

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Kattalin Aspuru1, Carlos Villa2, Fernando Bermejo2, Pilar Herrero3, Santiago García López1 1Digestive Department, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet (Miguel Servet University Hospital, Zaragoza, 2Digestive Department, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada (Fuenlabrada University Hospital, Madrid, 3Professional College of Nutritionists and Dietitians of Aragon, Zaragoza, Spain Abstract: Iron is necessary for the normal development of multiple vital processes. Iron deficiency (ID may be caused by several diseases, even by physiological situations that increase requirements for this mineral. One of its possible causes is a poor dietary iron intake, which is infrequent in developed countries, but quite common in developing areas. In these countries, dietary ID is highly prevalent and comprises a real public health problem and a challenge for health authorities. ID, with or without anemia, can cause important symptoms that are not only physical, but can also include a decreased intellectual performance. All this, together with a high prevalence, can even have negative implications for a community’s economic and social development. Treatment consists of iron supplements. Prevention of ID obviously lies in increasing the dietary intake of iron, which can be difficult in developing countries. In these regions, foods with greater iron content are scarce, and attempts are made to compensate this by fortifying staple foods with iron. The effectiveness of this strategy is endorsed by multiple studies. On the other hand, in developed countries, ID with or without anemia is nearly always associated with diseases that trigger a negative balance between iron absorption and loss. Its management will be based on the treatment of underlying diseases, as well as on oral iron supplements, although these latter are limited by their tolerance and low potency, which on occasions may compel a change to intravenous administration. Iron deficiency has a series of

  5. Disaccharidase levels in normal epithelium of the small intestine of rats with iron-deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.I.M. Fernandes

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Iron-deficiency anemia is the nutritional deficiency most frequently occurring throughout the world, which manifests as a complex systemic disease involving all cells, affecting enzyme activities and modifying protein synthesis. In view of these considerations, the objective of the present study was to determine the effects of iron-deficiency anemia on disaccharidases and on the epithelial morphokinetics of the jejunal mucosa. Newly weaned male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups of 10 animals each: C6w received a standard ration containing 36 mg elemental iron per kg ration for 6 weeks; E6w received an iron-poor ration (5-8 mg/kg ration for 6 weeks; C10w received an iron-rich ration (36 mg/kg ration for 10 weeks; E10w received an iron-poor ration for 6 weeks and then an iron-rich ration (36 mg/kg for an additional 4 weeks. Jejunal fragments were used to measure disaccharidase content and to study cell proliferation. The following results were obtained: 1 a significant reduction (P<0.001 of animal weight, hemoglobin (Hb, serum iron and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC in group E6w as compared to C6w; reversal of the alterations in Hb, serum iron and TIBC with iron repletion (E10w = C10w; animal weights continued to be significantly different in groups E10w and C10w. 2 Sucrase and maltase levels were unchanged; total and specific lactase levels were significantly lower in group E6w and this reduction was reversed by iron repletion (E10w = C10w. 3 The cell proliferation parameters did not differ between groups. On the basis of these results, we conclude that lactase production was influenced by iron deficiency and that this fact was not related to changes in cell population and proliferation in the intestinal mucosa

  6. IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY INTRAVENOUS IRON SUCROSE AN ALTERNATIVE TO ORAL FERROUS SULPHATE THERAPY

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    Shireen

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available : BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is a commonest medical problem throughout the developing world with the burden of disease impacting in both mother and newborn. 46 Anaemia affects nearly half of all the pregnant women in the world, these figures are 52%1 in the developing and 23%26 in the developed world. The high prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia among women during pregnancy in developing countries is of concern and a cause of considerable morbidity and mortality. 27 The aim of the study is to know whether intravenous iron sucrose can be an better alternative in terms of safety, efficacy and compliance over oral ferrous sulphate in the treatment of anaemia in pregnancy. METHOD: This prospective study is conducted in Obstetrics & Gynaecology Department of Cheluvamba hospital, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore. All these women are randomly assigned (100 women each to receive either calculated dose of intravenous iron sucrose (Group B or oral ferrous suphate 200mg BD per day (Group A. Hemoglobin, hematocrit and mean corpuscular estimation is done before treatment and after 4wks of correction in both groups to note the improvement in values and monitored for adverse reactions. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS: The percentage rise in hemoglobin is statistically significant when baseline hemoglobin levels are compared with that at fourth week of treatment. Statistically significant rise in hemoglobin, hematocrit and mean corpuscular levels are found at fourth week in IV group when compared to oral group. None of the patients had any serious side effects. There were no treatment failures and none of them required blood transfusions. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that intravenous iron sucrose is safe, highly efficacious with better compliance for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. Iron sucrose therapy is more effective in achieving the optimum results, an increase in hemoglobin

  7. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTO-CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF PUNARNAVADI MANDURA: AN EFFECTIVE FORMULATION FOR IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

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    Kori Virendra Kumar

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia affects millions of people worldwide. Children and women of reproductive age are at increased risk. Iron deficiency is harmful at all ages. In young children it impairs physical growth, cognitive development, immunity and at school age it affects school performance. At adulthood it causes fatigue, reduced work capacity and in pregnant women, anemia leads to fetal growth retardation, low birth weight and maternal death. Punarnavadi Mandura Vati is a herbo-miniral formulation indicated for the management of Pandu (Anaemia. Pharmacognostical evaluation of Punarnavadi Mandura Vati exposed acicular crystals, sclerides, beaker shape Stone cell, pitted vessels, starch with parenchymal cells, resin contents etc. which are the characteristics of the drug. Organo-leptic features of coarse powder were within the standard range. High- Performance Thin Layer Chromatography Study showed 5 spots corresponding to hRf values 0.30, 0.66, 0.70, 0.76, 0.85 in short wave UV 254 nm, and 2 spots corresponding to hRf values 0.31, 0.69 obtained in long wave UV 366 nm.

  8. Iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 12-15 months in Ahwaz, Iran

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    Monajemzadeh Seyed

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is one of the most common nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Infants aged between 4 and 24 months are among the population groups that are most affected by iron deficiency (ID. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ID and IDA in infants aged 12-15 months, living in Ahwaz, southwest of Iran. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-six infants participated in the study. The mean corpuscular volume and hemoglobin (Hb, serum ferritin and hematocrit levels were measured. Anemia was defined when Hb < 11g/dL and ID when ferritin < 12µg/mL. Results: The prevalence of ID and IDA was 31.7 and 26.2%, respectively. The tendency to have IDA in infants fed with cow′s milk and infants who did not receive ferrous sulfate was higher than in the other subjects. Conclusion: ID and IDA are common among infants aged 12-15 months living in Ahwaz, Iran. Maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding up to the 4-6th month of life and iron supplementation for the target group is needed.

  9. Clinical case of the month. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis presenting as a rare cause of iron deficiency anemia in a toddler--a diagnostic challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankararaman, Senthilkumar; Shah, Kinjal; Maddox, Kevin; Velayuthan, Sujithra; Scott, L Keith

    2012-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is the most common cause of anemia in all age groups. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is an extremely rare etiology of iron deficiency anemia seen predominantly in the pediatric population. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is characterized by the triad of symptoms consisting of iron deficiency anemia, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, and hemoptysis. The clinical presentation is extremely variable, and all three symptoms may not always be seen. Due to the rarity of the disease and the variability in clinical presentation, diagnosis is usually delayed. Early diagnosis and treatment with corticosteroids prevents further episodes of recurrent alveolar hemorrhage and improves the clinical outcome. Hence, a high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of this condition in young patients presenting with severe iron deficiency anemia and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. We report a toddler with idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis whose initial clinical presentation was severe iron deficiency anemia. PMID:23362597

  10. Use of iron supplements in children aged 1-2 years with iron deficiency anemia: A cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Sezik, Handan Atsiz; Can, Huseyin; Kurnaz, Mehmet Ali; Tuna, Mine; Ay, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common nutritional problem in the world and is the most common cause of childhood anemia. In this study, our aim was to find out about the state of usage of iron preparation, which is distributed free of charge by the Ministry of Health, for the infants between 4-12 months in our country, as well as detecting the awareness degree of families those who are informed about iron-deficiency anemia (IDA), prophylaxis of the drug and to determine the drug...

  11. The Effects of Two Different Doses of Iron in Ferric Form in Treatment of Childhood Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ünüvar, Emin; Oğuz, Fatma; Şahin, Kamil; Sıdal, Müjgan

    1999-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of two different doses of iron in ferric form in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children 3 vs 6 mg kg day nbsp; Methods: In this prospective open sided randomly syncronised study 130 cases diagnosed as iron deficiency anemia Hb lt; 11 gr dl Hct lt; 34 serum iron saturation index lt; 12 ferritin lt; 12 ng ml were divided into two groups: Group 1 n:65 received 6 mg kg d and Group 2 n:65 received 3 mg kg d iron orally The duration of treatme...

  12. Homocysteine and vitamin B 12 status and iron deficiency anemia in female university students from Gaza Strip, Palestine

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    Mahmoud Mohammed Sirdah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Nutritional deficiencies are very significant to the overall health of humans at all ages and for both genders, yet in infants, children and women of childbearing age these deficiencies can seriously affect growth and development. The present work is aimed to assess homocysteine and vitamin B12 status in females with iron deficiency anemia from the Gaza Strip.METHODS: Venous blood samples were randomly collected from 240 female university students (18-22 years old and parameters of the complete blood count, serum ferritin, homocysteine and vitamin B12 were measured. Statistical analysis included the t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA using the IBM SPSS software (version 18. Statistical significance was set for p-values <0.05.RESULTS: The results revealed that 20.4% of the students have iron deficiency anemia. The mean serum vitamin B12 level in females with iron deficiency anemia (212.9 ± 62.8 pg/mL was significantly lower than in normal controls (286.9 ± 57.1 pg/mL and subjects with microcytic anemia and normal ferritin (256.7 ± 71.1 pg/mL. Significantly higher serum homocysteine levels were reported in the iron deficiency anemia group (27.0 ± 4.6 µmol/L compared to normal controls (15.5 ± 2.9 µmol/L and in subjects with microcytic anemia and normal ferritin (18.1 ± 2.7 µmol/L. Statistically significant negative correlations were reported for serum homocysteine with serum ferritin, vitamin B12, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels.CONCLUSION: Important associations were found between serum homocysteine and markers of iron deficiency. Monitoring homocysteine levels might be essential to understand the development of different clinical conditions including anemia. It seems necessary to conduct prospective trials to determine whether treating anemia ameliorates homocysteine levels.

  13. Deformabilidade eritrocitária na anemia ferropriva Erythrocyte deformability in iron deficiency

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    Giuseppina M. Patavino

    2006-12-01

    respect to iron deficiency anemia, conclusions are controversial. The present study evaluates erythrocyte deformability in 21 patients with documented iron deficiency, using ectacytometry. Results obtained from deformability Index demonstrate diminished erythrocyte deformability in individuals with iron deficiency anemia, when compared to a control group (p< 0.0007. The present study suggests that the factor responsible for diminished erythrocyte deformability in iron deficiency is microcytosis. Recently, this anemia has been associated to thrombotic phenomenon, which has raised interest in the study of erythrocyte deformability, in order to understand these cases.

  14. 儿童缺铁和缺铁性贫血防治建议%Guidelines for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《中华儿科杂志》编辑委员会; 中华医学会儿科学分会血液学组; 中华医学会儿科学分会儿童保健学组; 高举

    2008-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Iron deficiency, the most common nutrient deficiency, has been a global health problem, affecting one third of the world population. The condition is especially severe in developing countries. According to the data from WHO, the prevalence rates of anemia in these areas were 48% and 39% respectively in children under 5 years of age and between 5 - 14 years, of whom, over half cases were iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Furthermore, the prevalence rate of iron deficiency is at least 2 times that of IDA. Thanks to some well-organized public health education and widespread food iron fortification programs, the prevalence rate of IDA has declined remarkably during the last three decades. According to the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2000) , the rates of iron deficiency and IDA in children aged 1-2 years were 7% and 2% respectively (however, the rate of iron deficiency was still up to 17% in Hispanic descendents).

  15. Clinical Significance of Reticulocyte Hemoglobin Content in the Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency Anemia

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    Mustafa Karagülle

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia (IDA and to compare it with other conventional iron parameters. METHODS: A total of 32 female patients with IDA (serum hemoglobin 120 g/L and serum ferritin <20 ng/mL were enrolled. RESULTS: CHr was 24.95±3.92 pg in female patients with IDA and 29.93±2.96 pg in female patients with iron deficiency. CHr showed a significant positive correlation with hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, and transferrin saturation and a significant negative correlation with transferrin and total iron-binding capacity. The cut-off value of CHr for detecting IDA was 29 pg. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that CHr is a useful parameter that can be confidently used in the diagnosis of IDA, and a CHr cut-off value of 29 pg predicts IDA.

  16. Eradication of iron deficiency anemia through food fortification: the role of the private sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehansho, Haile

    2002-04-01

    Delivering iron fortified foods that provide meaningful levels of bioavailable iron without altering the accepted appearance and taste of the product presents multiple challenges. Issues relating to food technology, product formulation, acceptance and efficacy evaluation, marketing and quality control must all be addressed. Procter & Gamble Company has developed a unique technology that stabilizes iron in an aqueous system. Utilizing this technology, a fortified powder drink has been developed that is easy to distribute, store and use and that delivers 20-30% of the U. S. RDA for iron, as well as significant amounts of vitamin A, iodine, zinc and vitamin C in a single serving. Acceptance, bioavailability and effectiveness trials have all produced positive results. This type of fortified product can contribute to alleviating iron deficiency but requires scaling up, packaging, quality control and distribution through normal trade channels and public institutions to have a sustainable impact. To be effective, a well-planned communications campaign should also accompany any major iron fortification program. Eradication of iron deficiency anemia can be done but requires a holistic approach that addresses multiple barriers and leverages the untapped expertise and strength of the alliance between public and private sectors. PMID:11925491

  17. The Protective Effect of Soybean and Thyme on Iron Deficiency Anemia in Rats

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    Nora M. El-Sheikh

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is carried out to investigate the protective effect and antioxidant activity of soybean and thyme on iron deficiency anemia. Material and Methods: Thirty five male albino rats were divided into five groups (7rats each. The first group fed on basal diet, iron sufficient (35 mg Fe / kg, and served as control. Rats of other groups (second - fifth were induced anemic by placing them on diet containing 3mg Fe / kg for 21 days, then divided to four dietary groups. The second group (anemic stayed on basal diet with Fe-deficiency. The third group fed on basal diet with sufficient iron in the form of ferrous sulphate. The fourth group fed modified basal diet free from iron and supplemented with soybean. The fifth group fed basal diet free from iron and supplemented with thyme. All three iron sources provide 35 mg iron/kg diet. At the end of experiment (49 days, rats were anesthetized, whole blood was used for determination of hemoglobin (Hb, hematocrit (HCt and reduced glutathione (GSH levels. Serum was used for determination of iron and lipid profile as well as lipid peroxidation as malondialdehyde (MDA. The liver was used for determination of iron and copper concentrations. Results: The present results indicated that Fe-deficiency caused many adverse effects reflected the significant decrease of Hb, HCt, serum iron, liver iron, GSH and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C. Fe-deficiency also caused significant increase in total iron binding capacity (TIBC, liver copper, MDA, triacylglycerols (TG and total cholesterol (TC. In contrary, administration of ferrous sulphate (FeSO4, soybean or thyme induced a significant increase of serum and liver iron profile. Conclusion: Soybean and thyme could able to provide iron to correct dietary iron-deficiency anemia and powerful antioxidant effect of soybean or thyme was reflected on marked decrease of MDA and increase of GSH and HDL-C.

  18. Parenteral Iron Therapy in the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety profile of total dose infusion of low molecular weight iron dextran with divided doses of intravenous iron sucrose for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, over a period of two years from January 2008 to December 2009. Methodology: Pregnant women at gestational age more than 12 weeks with the confirmed diagnosis of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) were divided into two groups. In the group-A, intravenous iron sucrose was given in divided doses while in the group-B, total daily intake of Low Molecular Weight (LMW) of iron dextran was given. Post-infusion Hemoglobin (Hb) was checked at 4 weeks and at the time of delivery for both groups. Paired sample t-test is applied and comparison (in terms of rise in hemoglobin from pre to post) of both groups was not found to be significant. Results: In the group-A (iron sucrose group), mean pre-infusion Hb levels was 9.09 ± 0.83 gm/dl. Mean increase in Hemoglobin (Hb) was 10.75 ± 1.097 gm/dl after 4 weeks of infusion and 11.06 ± 0.866 gm/dl at delivery (p < 0.001). In group-B (iron dextran group) pre-infusion haemoglobin was 8.735 ± 0.956 gm/dl and the mean increase in hemoglobin was 10.613 ± 1.22 gm/dl at 4-week while mean increase of 10.859 ± 1.11 gm/dl at the time of delivery (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Both LMW iron dextran, as well as iron sucrose are equally effective in treatment of IDA during pregnancy, however, LMW iron dextran has the advantage of single visit treatment. (author)

  19. A clinical study on Pandu Roga, iron deficiency anemia, with Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension in children

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    Abhimanyu Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Nutritional iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in India. The nearest correlation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA can be made with Pandu Roga in Ayurveda. As the IDA is a very common prevalent disease in the society and the side effects of oral allopathic iron preparations are very common, therefore to get a better alternative, an Ayurvedic herbomineral medicine, the Trikatrayadi Lauha, was subjected to a clinical trial in children suffering from IDA. Aim: Evaluation of safety and efficacy of the compound Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension in children with IDA. Settings and Design: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 123 children of IDA for a period of 10 weeks. Clinical features and hematological parameters were documented before, during and after treatment. Statistical Analysis Used: Observations of the study were analyzed and findings were evaluated by using statistical methods (Student′s t test Results: The present study shows that the trial drug Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension is effective to improve clinical features and hematological parameters significantly. The medicine is effective to increase the hemoglobin level 1.94 g/dL (8.52 -10.46 g/dL, P < 0.001 in 5 weeks and 3.33g/dL (8.52 -11.85g/dL, P < 0.001 in 10 weeks. No adverse effect of the trial drug was observed during the study. Conclusions: The results suggest that Trikatrayadi Lauha is significantly effective in the management of IDA in children.

  20. Comparison between Ferrous Ascorbate and Colloidal Iron in the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children from Kolkata, India

    OpenAIRE

    Ganguly, Sutapa; Dewan, Bhupesh; Philipose, Nisha; Samanta, Tryambak; Paul, Dilip Kumar; Purkait, Radheshyam

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To compare the efficacy and safety of ferrous ascorbate and colloidal iron in children with iron deficiency anemia. Study Design: An open, randomized, comparative, parallel-group study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediatric Medicine of ‘Nilratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital’, Kolkata, India, between January 2009 and February 2010. Methodology: Children between the age group of 6 months to 12 years were included if they had anemia defined as hemoglobin &l...

  1. Erythroblast transferrin receptors and transferrin kinetics in iron deficiency and various anemias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muta, K.; Nishimura, J.; Ideguchi, H.; Umemura, T.; Ibayashi, H.

    1987-06-01

    To clarify the role of transferrin receptors in cases of altered iron metabolism in clinical pathological conditions, we studied: number of binding sites; affinity; and recycling kinetics of transferrin receptors on human erythroblasts. Since transferrin receptors are mainly present on erythroblasts, the number of surface transferrin receptors was determined by assay of binding of /sup 125/I-transferrin and the percentage of erythroblasts in bone marrow mononuclear cells. The number of binding sites on erythroblasts from patients with an iron deficiency anemia was significantly greater than in normal subjects. Among those with an aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and polycythemia vera compared to normal subjects, there were no considerable differences in the numbers of binding sites. The dissociation constants (Kd) were measured using Scatchard analysis. The apparent Kd was unchanged (about 10 nmol/L) in patients and normal subjects. The kinetics of endocytosis and exocytosis of /sup 125/I-transferrin, examined by acid treatment, revealed no variations in recycling kinetics among the patients and normal subjects. These data suggest that iron uptake is regulated by modulation of the number of surface transferrin receptors, thereby reflecting the iron demand of the erythroblast.

  2. Erythroblast transferrin receptors and transferrin kinetics in iron deficiency and various anemias

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To clarify the role of transferrin receptors in cases of altered iron metabolism in clinical pathological conditions, we studied: number of binding sites; affinity; and recycling kinetics of transferrin receptors on human erythroblasts. Since transferrin receptors are mainly present on erythroblasts, the number of surface transferrin receptors was determined by assay of binding of 125I-transferrin and the percentage of erythroblasts in bone marrow mononuclear cells. The number of binding sites on erythroblasts from patients with an iron deficiency anemia was significantly greater than in normal subjects. Among those with an aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and polycythemia vera compared to normal subjects, there were no considerable differences in the numbers of binding sites. The dissociation constants (Kd) were measured using Scatchard analysis. The apparent Kd was unchanged (about 10 nmol/L) in patients and normal subjects. The kinetics of endocytosis and exocytosis of 125I-transferrin, examined by acid treatment, revealed no variations in recycling kinetics among the patients and normal subjects. These data suggest that iron uptake is regulated by modulation of the number of surface transferrin receptors, thereby reflecting the iron demand of the erythroblast

  3. Severe Respiratory Distress in a Child with Pulmonary Idiopathic Hemosiderosis Initially Presenting with Iron-Deficiency Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potalivo, A; Finessi, L; Facondini, F; Lupo, A; Andreoni, C; Giuliani, G; Cavicchi, C

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of alveolar hemorrhage in children but should be considered in children with anemia of unknown origin who develop respiratory complications. It is commonly characterized by the triad of recurrent hemoptysis, diffuse parenchymal infiltrates, and iron-deficiency anemia. Pathogenesis is unclear and diagnosis may be difficult along with a variable clinical course. A 6-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital with a severe iron-deficiency anemia, but he later developed severe acute respiratory failure and hemoptysis requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. The suspicion of IPH led to the use of immunosuppressive therapy with high dose of corticosteroids with rapid improvement in clinical condition and discharge from hospital. PMID:26634166

  4. Severe Respiratory Distress in a Child with Pulmonary Idiopathic Hemosiderosis Initially Presenting with Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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    A. Potalivo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH is a rare cause of alveolar hemorrhage in children but should be considered in children with anemia of unknown origin who develop respiratory complications. It is commonly characterized by the triad of recurrent hemoptysis, diffuse parenchymal infiltrates, and iron-deficiency anemia. Pathogenesis is unclear and diagnosis may be difficult along with a variable clinical course. A 6-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital with a severe iron-deficiency anemia, but he later developed severe acute respiratory failure and hemoptysis requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. The suspicion of IPH led to the use of immunosuppressive therapy with high dose of corticosteroids with rapid improvement in clinical condition and discharge from hospital.

  5. INTRAVENOUS IRON VERSUS ORAL IRON IN ANTENATAL WOMEN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN SUB - HIMALAYAN SETTINGS

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    Shraddha

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Compare Intravenous Iron sucrose and Oral Ferrous sulphate in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy. METHOD: 100 sub - himalayan antenatal women between 12 to 36 weeks gestation from Central Referral Hospital with Iron deficiency anemia; hemoglobin 6 – 9 gm/dl, MCV<78fl, MCH <30pg, and serum ferritin <15μg/l; were randomized to receive either 200mg ferrous sulphate tablet twice daily for 6 weeks or receive intravenous ferric hydroxide sucrose complex in water after calculating Total dose infusion. The primary outcome measure was change in hemoglobin, RBC indices, serum ferritin and total serum iron. RESULTS: The mean increase in total serum iron following iron sucrose was 40.20±5.11μg/dl compared to a increase of 33.56±3.39 μg/dl with oral ferrous sulphate, which was statistically highly significant (P< 0.0001. Similarly, the mean increase in serum ferritin with iron sucrose was 31.72 ±10.74μg/dl and with ferrous sulphate being 23.31±4.06 μg/dl which was also statistically highly significant (P<0.001. There was no difference in the increase in hemoglobin, MCV and MCHC between the two groups. CONCLUSION : Though increase in hemoglobin an d RBC indices were not significantly higher with iron sucrose, the main highlight of the study was that iron sucrose significantly increased serum ferritin and serum iron, suggesting that it replenishes iron stores much better than oral iron. Iron sucrose also had a more favourable improvement in clinical features with fewer side - effects , and more effective in later months of pregnancy. This may be of relevance to pregnant mothers residing in difficult Sub - Himalayan terrain.

  6. Effects of Fe-YM1504 on iron deficiency anemia in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xin-Guo; Wei, Guo-Xing; Wang, Wen-Na; Ma, Guo-Di; Tang, Peng; Chen, Xiao-Qian

    2016-07-13

    Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most serious forms of malnutrition. It is possible that some strains present in the natural environment possess a higher tolerance to inorganic iron and a higher ability to convert and accumulate iron compared with Saccharomyces cerevisiae wild-type strain. In the present study, the strain no. YM1504, able to grow in an iron-rich environment, was used as a potential organic iron supplement, and its efficacy in alleviating IDA in rats was investigated. Sixty female weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal control group fed with a standard diet and a model group fed with an iron-deficient diet to create the IDA model. After the model was established, IDA rats were further randomly divided into five subgroups: the IDA group, the ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) group and Fe-YM1504 low-, medium- or high-dose groups receiving different concentrations of Fe-YM1504 supplements. Our results showed that Fe-YM1504 has an effective restorative function by returning the hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (HCT), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), serum iron (SI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), serum ferritin (SF), etc. in IDA animals to the normal level. Moreover, malondialdehyde and the enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in both plasma and liver homogenate were improved. Finally, compared with the FeSO4 group, the Fe-YM1504 middle-dose was more effective in alleviating IDA and fewer side effects were observed. The present study indicated that iron-enriched strain no. YM1504 might play a significant role in ameliorating IDA rats and might be exploited as a new iron supplement. PMID:27326788

  7. Clinical efficacy of Amalaki Rasayana in the management of Pandu (Iron deficiency anemia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layeeq, Shaizi; Thakar, Anup B.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide, which can be correlated to Pandu described in ayurvedic classics. Poor absorption of iron is one of the main reasons of IDA. Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica L.) has Tridoshahara, especially Pittashamaka (pacifying Pitta) and Rasayana (rejuvenative) properties, thus nourishes the Dhatus and is also known to enhance the absorption of iron. Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of Amalaki Rasayana in the management of Pandu w.s.r. IDA. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled open clinical trial was conducted at Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar. Iron deficient anemic patients (n = 25) having Hb <12g% in females and 13g% in males and S.Iron <50mg/dl were selected and divided into two groups. Group A was given 2 g of Amalaki Rasayana thrice a day with unequal quantity of honey and ghee for 45 days, while Group B was given 150 mg ferrous fumarate + 1500 mcg folic acid (standard control) once a day with water for 45 days. Assessment was done on the basis of relief in cardinal symptoms of Pandu and hematological parameters. Results and Conclusion: The formulation showed highly significant relief in Panduta (pallor), Daurbalya (weakness), Shirahshoola (headache), Shrama (fatigue), and Gaurava (heaviness) while statistically significant relief in Aruchi (anorexia) and Pindikodweshtan (leg cramps) was reported. On hematological parameters statistically significant increase was found in mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin while on biochemical markers statistically significant decrease was found in total iron binding capacity only. However the formulation was not found as effective as standard control.

  8. Ferrous bisglycinate 25 mg iron is as effective as ferrous sulfate 50 mg iron in the prophylaxis of iron deficiency and anemia during pregnancy in a randomized trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milman, Nils; Jønsson, Lisbeth; Dyre, Pernille;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of oral ferrous bisglycinate 25 mg iron/day vs. ferrous sulfate 50 mg iron/day in the prevention of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnant women. Design: Randomized, double-blind, intention-to-treat study. Setting: Antenatal care clinic...

  9. Treatment effect of iron tablets on women in productive age with iron deficiency anemia and vascular headaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Migraine is classified into two groups of vascular headaches. Also, iron anemia is the most common type of anemia among women who are in the productive age in the world. This study was done to investigate the relationship between the vascular headaches and the iron deficiency anemia and to see the effect of iron deficiency tablets administration on the treatment of these headaches in women who are in the productive age. Methodology: In this quasi-control clinical trial study, 50 women in the productive age - who had iron deficiency anemia and vascular headaches and were referred to the neurological clinic of Vali-e-Asr hospital, Arak, Iran were included. The patients were treated with ferrous sulfate tablets for three months. For verifying the treatment, the patients' hemoglobin was monitored after one month, and in the case of and significant increase in this value, the patients were excluded from study. The number of headache attacks and the number of analgesic use before, through, and three month after the beginning of the administration of ferrous sulfate were needed for all the patients. Results: The mean number of the headaches attacks one month before the treatment, during the treatment and three months after the treatment were 19.6 +- 28, 14.2 +- 11.2 and 13.3 +- 16.1, respectively (p < 0.0001). In addition, the mean number of used analgesics before the treatment, during the treatment, and three months after the treatment were 30.1 +- 14.1, 14.3 +- 11.2. and 13.1 +- 16.1 respectively (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: It seems that using iron tablets can be useful in treatment of vascular headaches. Moreover, it has a beneficent effect on patients suffering from iron deficiency anemia with headaches. (author)

  10. Better differential diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia from beta-thalassemia trait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakher Rahim

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA and beta-thalassemia trait (ß-TT are the most common forms of microcytic anemia. This study was conducted to compare the validity of various discrimination indices in differentiating β-TT from IDA by calculating their sensitivity, specificity and Youden's index.Methods: Totally 323 subjects (173 children and 150 adults with microcytic anemia were involved in this study. We calculated 10 discrimination indices in all patients with IDA and β-TT. We divided the patients into two different groups as younger or older than 10 years. Results: None of the indices showed sensitivity and specificity of 100% in the patients older than 10 years, and in the patients younger than 10 years, only Shine & Lal index showed sensitivity close to 90% and specificity of 100%. The most accurate discriminative index for patients younger than 10 years was Shine & Lal and for those older than 10 years it was RDW index. According to Youden's index, Shine & Lal and RBC count showed the greatest diagnostic value in patients younger than 10 years and RDW and RBC count indices in those older than 10 years. Conclusion: None of the indices was completely sensitive and specific in differentiation between β-TT and IDA. Mean and median mean cell Hb density (MCHD were very close to normal values in both IDA and β-TT patients, but in the case of mean density of Hb/liter (MDHL, we found that the mean and median were significantly higher than normal values in β-TT and lower than normal values in IDA patients. In our study, Youden's index of RBC and Shine & Lal were the highest and most reliable indices in differentiating β-TT from IDA in the patients younger than 10 years. For patients older than 10 years, the most reliable discrimination indices were RBC and RDW.

  11. Iron-Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia May Not Lead to Neurocognitive Dysfunction: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, Valérie; Mailloux, Chantal; Bonnefoy, Arnaud; Lemyre, Emmanuelle; Pastore, Yves

    2016-07-01

    Iron deficiency is a common cause of anemia (IDA) in infancy and can be associated with neurocognitive impairments. Iron-refractory IDA (IRIDA) has recently been described as an inherited cause of IDA due to loss-of-function mutations in the TMPRSS6 gene. IRIDA is characterized by a lack of response to iron replacement. Here we report a new case of IRIDA with its biological parameters and its functional consequences, including neuropsychological impact. The latter was evaluated by the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Fourth Edition and subtests. We report a 5-year-old French Canadian boy who was incidentally diagnosed with a severe microcytic anemia at 2 years of age (hemoglobin 52 g/L, mean corpuscular volume 50 fL). Except mild pallor, he was asymptomatic of his anemia. Although he had a slight response to intravenous iron therapy, his hemoglobin remained serum iron, but normal ferritin levels. Blood hepcidin level was higher than those of his parents and control (patient 11.2 nM, father 9.06 nM, mother 4.07 nM). Compound heterozygosity for TMPRSS6 paternally inherited c.1324G>A and maternally inherited c.1807G>C mutations were eventually identified. The patient had normal development and growth. Neuropsychological evaluation revealed excellent performance, with high Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Fourth Edition scores (ie, 82nd percentile for both global intelligence and general ability index). In conclusion, TMPRSS6 c.1807G>C in conjunction with c.1324G>A results in IRIDA. In contrast to the usual form of IDA, IRIDA may not be associated with neuropsychological deficits. PMID:27365303

  12. Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Urban and Rural Households toward Iron Deficiency Anemia in three Provinces of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    R Heshmat; Azemati, B; Keshtkar AA; Salehi, F.; Abdollahi, Z.; F Kolahdouz; H PourAram; F Farivar; Bagheri, M.; R Sheykh-ol-Eslam; A.Nadim

    2009-01-01

    "nBackground: Lack of nutritional knowledge is one of the most important reasons of nutritional problems and consequently im­proper practice, which can lead to several complications. This study has been designed in order to compare knowledge, at­ti­tude and practices of the urban and rural households regarding iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in Boushehr, Golestan and Sis­tan & Balouchestan provinces in 2004."nMethods: The sampling method at house...

  13. Effect of sequential versus standard Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy on the associated iron deficiency anemia in children

    OpenAIRE

    Hamed Said Ali Habib; Hussam Aly Sayed Murad; Elamir Mahmoud Amir; Taher Fawzy Halawa

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Helicobacter pylori infection may be associated with low iron stores and iron deficiency anemia. Eradication of infection by the standard 10-day therapy (a proton pump inhibitor [PPI], clarithromycin and amoxicillin; each given orally, twice daily) is decreasing. The sequential 10-day therapy (a PPI and amoxicillin; each given orally twice daily for 5 days; followed by a PPI, clarithromycin and tinidazole; each given orally twice daily for another 5 days) may achieve higher eradic...

  14. Iron deficiency and anemia are associated with low retinol levels in children aged 1 to 5 years

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    Bárbara C.A. Saraiva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the occurrence of anemia and iron deficiency in children aged 1 to 5 years and the association of these events and retinol deficiency. METHODS: This was an observational analytic cross-sectional study conducted in Vitoria, ES, Brazil, between April and August of 2008, with healthy children aged 1 to 5 years (n = 692 that lived in areas covered by primary healthcare services. Sociodemographic and economic conditions, dietary intake (energy, protein, iron, and vitamin A ingestion, anthropometric data (body mass index-for-age and height-for-age, and biochemical parameters (ferritin, hemoglobin, and retinol serum were collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency, and retinol deficiency was 15.7%, 28.1%, and 24.7%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed a higher prevalence of anemia (PR: 4.62, 95% CI: 3.36, 6.34, p < 0.001 and iron deficiency (PR: 4.51, 95% CI: 3.30, 6.17, p < 0.001 among children with retinol deficiency. The same results were obtained after adjusting for socioeconomic and demographic conditions, dietary intake, and anthropometric variables. There was a positive association between ferritin vs. retinol serum (r = 0.597; p < 0.001 and hemoglobin vs. retinol serum (r = 0.770; p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia and iron deficiency were associated with low levels of serum retinol in children aged 1 to 5 years, and a positive correlation was verified between serum retinol and serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels. These results indicate the importance of initiatives encouraging the development of new treatments and further research regarding retinol deficiency.

  15. Ferumoxytol versus placebo in iron deficiency anemia: efficacy, safety, and quality of life in patients with gastrointestinal disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Strauss, William

    2016-01-01

    David C Ford,1 Naomi V Dahl,2 William E Strauss,2 Charles F Barish,3 David J Hetzel,4 Kristine Bernard,2 Zhu Li,2 Lee F Allen,2 1Toronto Digestive Disease Associates, Inc, Vaughan Endoscopy Clinic, Vaughan, ON, Canada; 2AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Waltham, MA, 3Wake Gastroenterology, Wake Research Associates, Raleigh, NC, USA; 4Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is common in patients with gastrointestinal...

  16. Red blood cell distribution width and iron deficiency anemia among pregnant Sudanese women

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    Abdelrahman Esam G

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is a major health problem during pregnancy and it has adverse effects on the mother and the newborn. Red cell distribution width (RDW, which is a quantitative measure for red cell size variation (anisocytosis, is a predictor of IDA. Little is known regarding RDW and IDA during pregnancy. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted at the antenatal clinic of Khartoum Hospital, Sudan, to determine the performance of RDW in the diagnosis of IDA using serum ferritin as a gold standard. Results Among 194 pregnant women with a gestational period of 21.4 ± 6.5 weeks, 57 (29.4% had IDA according to serum ferritin levels (14.5. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of RDW where serum ferritin was the gold standard were 43.8% (95% CI: 31.4–57.0%, 73.7% (95% CI: 65.8–80.5%, 41.0% (95% CI: 29.2–53.6%, and 76.0% (95% CI: 68.1–82.6%, respectively. Conclusions In this study, we found that RDW has a poor performance in diagnosing IDA among pregnant women compared with serum ferritin as the gold standard. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1721072967826303

  17. Ocular Myasthenia Gravis, Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, Iron Deficiency Anemia, and Reactive Hypoglycemia

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    Füsun Mayda Domaç

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Myasthenia gravis (MG may occur in association with other organ- specific or nonspecific autoimmune diseases. In our study, we present a patient with ocular myasthenia, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and iron deficiency anemia who later developed reactive hypoglycemia. A 25-year-old woman with complaints of fluctuating extraocular muscle weakness, ptosis, and diplopia was examined. MG, type I (ocular MG, was confirmed by an elevated titer of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies in serum (7 nmol/l, normal <0.6 and positive edrophonium test. Nerve conduction studies, needle electromyography, repetitive stimulation tests, and mediasten MRI were normal. The coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis was diagnosed by the presence of a diffuse thyroid enlargement, elevated titers of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (211.8 IU/ml, normal 0-115, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (356.4 IU/ml, normal 0-34, thyroid stimulating hormone (8.21 uIU/ml, normal 0.27-4.2, and a decreased titer of free-T4 (1.03ng/dl normal 1.8-4.6. Diplopia and ptosis have regressed with 180 mg/day pyridostigmine bromide. On her follow-up period, 8 months later, reactive hypoglycemia has been diagnosed. The coexistence of myastenia gravis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and reactive hypoglycemia was not found in the literature. We should take into consideration the association and the importance of recognizing and treating these pathologies in myastenia gravis. Turk Jem 2009; 13: 31-3

  18. TREATMENT OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN CHILDREN BY IRON SUPPLEMENTATION TWICE WEEKLY AND WEEKLY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective The effect of intermittent iron supplementation weekly and twice weekly was studied in children with iron deficiency anemia(IDA). Methods Subjects were 58 children who were randomly divided into two groups. One group received a dosage of 2mg/kg Fe every 3d for 9 weeks. The other group received the same dose Fe once a week for 12 weeks. Results Hemoglobin and serum ferritin increased significantly after treatment in both groups (P <0.05), and zinc protoporphyrin decreased significantly (P <0. 05). But serum ferritin of both groups was different after 6 weeks of treatment (P <0. 01). The side effect of the group supplemented once every 3d was higher than that of the group once a week, but there was no statistically significant difference. Conclusion Iron sup plementation every 3d has a similar effect to once a week for treatment of IDA. The former should be used for the se rious patients for 6 weeks. The later should be used for infants and the patients whose resistance of intestines and stomach are not good.

  19. Generation process of methemoglobin at combined effect of irradiation and sodium nitrite to oxyhaemoglobin of blood of asiderotic iron-deficiency anemia diseased

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of reaction of nitride oxidation (concentration of nitride in protein solution 0.8 mM) of oxyhaemoglobin solution of donor blood and blood of asiderotic iron-deficiency anemia diseased persons during gamma-irradiation in exposure doses 70 nC/(kg*c) and 40 nC/(kg*c). As a result haemoglobin of asiderotic iron-deficiency anemia diseased persons more sensitive to influence of radiochemical factor than blood protein of donors

  20. Obesity modulate serum hepcidin and treatment outcome of iron deficiency anemia in children: A case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Mohammed

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recently, hepcidin expression in adipose tissue has been described and shown to be increased in patients with severe obesity. We tried to assess the effect of obesity on hepcidin serum levels and treatment outcome of iron deficiency anemia in children. Methods This was a case control study included 70 children with iron deficiency anemia "IDA" (35 obese and 35 non-obese and 30 healthy non-obese children with comparable age and sex(control group. Parameters of iron status (Serum iron, ferritin, transferrin, total iron binding capacity and transferrin saturation and serum hepcidin levels were assessed initially and after 3 months of oral iron therapy for IDA. Results Compared to the control group, serum hepcidin was significantly lower in non-obese children with IDA(p 0.05. Although hepcidin showed significant positive correlations with Hb, serum iron and transferrin saturation in non-obese children with IDA, it showed significant negative correlations with Hb, serum iron and transferrin saturation in obese children with IDA (P Conclusions Obesity increased hepcidin levels and was associated with diminished response to oral iron therapy in childhood iron deficiency anemia.

  1. Identification of clinical and simple laboratory variables predicting responsible gastrointestinal lesions in patients with iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songul Serefhanoglu, Yahya Buyukasik, Hakan Emmungil, Nilgun Sayinalp, Ibrahim Celalettin Haznedaroglu, Hakan Goker, Salih Aksu, Osman Ilhami Ozcebe

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is a frequent disorder. Also, it may be a sign of underlying serious diseases. Iron deficiency points to an occult or frank bleeding lesion when occurred in men or postmenopausal women. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of endoscopy in patients with IDA and to define predictive factors of gastrointestinal (GI lesions causing IDA. Ninety-one patients (77 women, 14 men; mean age: 43 years who were decided to have esophago-duodenoscopy and/or colonoscopy for iron deficiency anemia were interviewed and responded to a questionnaire that included clinical and biochemical variables. The endoscopic findings were recorded as GI lesions causing IDA or not causing IDA. Endoscopy revealed a source of IDA in 18.6 % of cases. The risk factors for finding GI lesions causing IDA were as follows: male gender (p= 0.004, advanced age (> 50 years (p= 0.010, weight loss (over 20% of total body weight lost in last 6 month (p= 0.020, chronic diarrhea (p= 0.006, change of bowel habits (p= 0.043, epigastric tenderness (p= 0.037, raised carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA level (normal range: 0-7 ng/mL (p= 0.039, < 10 gr/dl hemoglobin (Hb level (p=0.054. None of these risk factors had been present in 21 (23% women younger than 51 years. In this group, no patient had any GI lesion likely to cause IDA (negative predictive value= 100%. In multivariate analysis, advanced age (p=0.017, male gender (p< 0.01 and weight lost (p=0.012 found that associated with GI lesions in all patients. It may be an appropriate clinical approach to consider these risk factors when deciding for gastrointestinal endoscopic evaluation in iron deficiency anemia.

  2. Bed bugs reproductive life cycle in the clothes of a patient suffering from Alzheimer's disease results in iron deficiency anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabou, Marcela; Imperiale, Delphine Gallo; Andrès, Emmanuel; Abou-Bacar, Ahmed; Foeglé, Jacinthe; Lavigne, Thierry; Kaltenbach, Georges; Candolfi, Ermanno

    2013-01-01

    We report the case of an 82-year-old patient, hospitalized for malaise. Her clothes were infested by numerous insects and the entomological analysis identified them as being Cimex lectularius (bed bugs). The history of the patient highlighted severe cognitive impairment. The biological assessment initially showed a profound microcytic, aregenerative, iron deficiency anemia. A vitamin B12 deficiency due to pernicious anemia (positive intrinsic factor antibodies) was also highlighted, but this was not enough to explain the anemia without macrocytosis. Laboratory tests, endoscopy and a CT scan eliminated a tumor etiology responsible for occult bleeding. The patient had a mild itchy rash which was linked to the massive colonization by the bed bugs. The C. lectularius bite is most often considered benign because it is not a vector of infectious agents. Far from trivial, a massive human colonization by bed bugs may cause such a hematic depletion that severe microcytic anemia may result. PMID:23673315

  3. Risk of cancer in patients with iron deficiency anemia: a nationwide population-based study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Hung

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the risk of cancer among patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA by using a nationwide population-based data set.Patients newly diagnosed with IDA and without antecedent cancer between 2000 and 2010 were recruited from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The standardized incidence ratios (SIRs of cancer types among patients with IDA were calculated.Patients with IDA exhibited an increased overall cancer risk (SIR: 2.15. Subgroup analysis showed that patients of both sexes and in all age groups had an increased SIR. After we excluded patients diagnosed with cancer within the first and first 5 years of IDA diagnosis, the SIRs remained significantly elevated at 1.43 and 1.30, respectively. In addition, the risks of pancreatic (SIR: 2.31, kidney (SIR: 2.23, liver (SIR: 1.94, and bladder cancers (SIR: 1.74 remained significantly increased after exclusion of patients diagnosed with cancer within 5 years after IDA diagnosis.The overall cancer risk was significantly elevated among patients with IDA. After we excluded patients diagnosed with IDA and cancer within 1 and 5 years, the SIRs remained significantly elevated compared with those of the general population. The increased risk of cancer was not confined to gastrointestinal cancer when the SIRs of pancreatic, kidney, liver, and bladder cancers significantly increased after exclusion of patients diagnosed with IDA and cancer within the first 5 years. This finding may be caused by immune activities altered by IDA. Further study is necessary to determine the association between IDA and cancer risk.

  4. Delayed cord clamping for prevention of iron deficiency anemia in term infants

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    Olga Rasiyanti Siregar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Iron deficiency anemia (IDA during infancy and childhood is a concern due to its potentially detrimental effects on development, some of which may be irreversible even after iron treatment. Delayed cord clamping may prevent IDA by increasing an infant’s iron reserve at birth. Objective We aimed to evaluate the effect of delayed umbilical cord clamping at birth on the iron status in newborns at age 24 hours of life. Methods This randomized, single-blind study was conducted from March to May 2009, at two general hospitals in Medan, North Sumatera Province. Eligible newborn infants were randomly assigned to one of two groups: early cord clamping (ECC performed 15 seconds after delivery or delayed cord clamping (DCC performed 2 minutes after delivery. Infants were placed on their mothers’ abdomens before the umbilical cords were clamped. Hematologic status was determined from umbilical cord blood. Results Sixty-three subjects were included in our study, consisting of 31 infants in the ECC group and 32 infants in the DCC group. We found that mean neonatal hemoglobin level was higher in the DCC group than in the ECC group (18.4 g% and 16.2 g%, respectively, P=0.0001. Also, mean ferritin level was higher in the DCC group than in the ECC group (556 mg/dL and 329 mg/dL, respectively, P=0.015. Other hematological status indicators, including mean hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume (MCV level, were also higher in the DCC group. However, mean red blood cell levels were not significantly different between the two groups. Nor was there a significant difference in mean bilirubin level between the DCC and ECC groups. Conclusion Delayed cord clamping may improve iron status and prevent IDA in term infants.

  5. Prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in children with iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Won Yoon

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available &lt;b&gt;Purpose:&lt;/b&gt; The increasing prevalence of breast feeding has led to concerns about vitamin D deficiency (VDD and iron deficiency anemia (IDA in children. We evaluated the prevalence of VDD in a population of Korean children with IDA and assessed the risk factors for VDD in these children. &lt;b&gt;Methods:&lt;/b&gt; A total of 79 children who were diagnosed with IDA were prospectively surveyed from April 2010 to March 2011. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical assessment, and laboratory tests, including measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD, hemoglobin, and wrist radiography. &lt;b&gt;Results:&lt;/b&gt; The median age was 22 months and 30% of the subjects were female. Over a half of subjects (58% had subnormal vitamin D level (25OHD&lt;30 ng/mL, and VDD (25OHD&lt;20 ng/mL was present in 39% of children. There was no difference in serum hemoglobin level between IDA patients with VDD and those without VDD. Most subjects (89% were currently or had recently been breastfed and almost all subjects (97% who had VDD received breastfeeding. Children with VDD were more likely to be younger than 2 years, to have been breastfed, and to have been tested in winter or spring. Multivariable analysis indicated seasonal variation was a significant independent risk factor for VDD in our IDA patients. &lt;B&gt;Conclusion:&lt;/b&gt; Our results demonstrated that VDD has a high prevalence in Korean children with IDA. Primary care physicians should be aware of the possibility of VDD in children with IDA and should supplement the vitamin D as well as iron.

  6. Iron and Ferritin Levels in Saliva of Patients with Thalassemia and Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Canatan, Duran; Akdeniz, Sevgi Kosaci

    2012-01-01

    Most of the techniques for measuring iron stores such as serum iron concentration, iron binding capacity, serum ferritin level, liver biopsy can be troublesome or invasive for patients with thalassemia. The salivary iron measurement could be of potential advantage being an easy and non invasive approach for diagnosis of iron deficiency and iron overload . The aim of this study was to compare the levels of iron and ferritin in saliva and serum of patients affected by thalassemia or iron defici...

  7. 儿童缺铁和缺铁性贫血防治建议%Recommendations for prevention and treatment of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《中华儿科杂志》编辑委员会; 中华医学会儿科学分会血液学组; 中华医学会儿科学分会儿童保健学组

    2008-01-01

    @@ 一、前言 铁缺乏症(iron deficiency,ID)是最常见的营养素缺乏症和全球性健康问题,据估计世界1/3人口缺铁.由于健康教育和广泛采用铁强化食品等措施,目前欧美发达国家儿童缺铁性贫血(iron deficiency anemia,IDA)患病率已显著降低[1].

  8. Iron Deficiency Anemia in Adult Onset Still's Disease with a Serum Ferritin of 26,387 μg/L

    OpenAIRE

    Sheetal Patel; Seyed Monemian; Ayesha Khalid; Harvey Dosik

    2011-01-01

    Serum ferritin rises in the anemia of chronic inflammation reflecting increased iron storage and other changes mediated by inflammation. When iron deficiency coexists, the ferritin may not always decline into the subnormal range. We describe the rare interaction of iron deficiency with the extreme hyperferritinemia characteristic of adult onset Still's disease. The combination has clinical relevance and allows deductions about the presence of serum ferritin at 26,387 μg/L despite obvious iron...

  9. The prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Its Anemia in 1-5 Years Old Children and Their Mothers in Birjand City

    OpenAIRE

    Azita Fesharakinia

    2014-01-01

    Background &Objective: Micronutrient deficiencies are the most common nutritional disorders in the world in which iron deficiency is the most important one. This study was done for investigating the prevalence of iron deficiency and its anemia in children and their mothers in Birjand city in 2011.Materials & Methods: 143 children of 1-5 years old who referred to the health care centers of Birjand city were chosen by multistage cluster random sampling method and both the children and mothers w...

  10. Study on the cause of iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent athletes by INAA with enriched stable isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron deficiency anemia is still one of the most common nutritional deficiency diseases throughout the world. The incidence of iron deficiency is high especially in children, adolescent, and endurance athletes. The authors studied the iron absorption rate and iron balance in six child football players during training and non-training periods. The neutron activation method with enriched stable isotope 58Fe has been adopted. The results show that the rate of iron absorption in athletes during the training period (9.1 + 2.9%) was significantly lower than that during the non-training period (11.9 + 4.7%); the iron balance was negative and the sweat iron loss increased during training. Hair is one of the metabolism excretory organs. The physiological changes of body would influence the trace element contents in hair. The hairs collected from four athletes were measured by Synchrotron-induced X-ray Fluorescence analysis, so as to get the trace element contents. Preliminary results show that the changes of iron content in the hairs are in accordance with the athlete's physical activity. There are no perceptible changes for Zn and Ca. It is verified that exercise is one of the causes of iron deficiency in athletes. It is necessary to increase iron supply in an athletes' nutritional intake to ensure optimal performance ability

  11. The usefulness of soluble transferrin receptor in the diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, Se Hoon; Kim, Dong Sup; Yu, Seung Taek; Shin, Sae Ron; Choi, Du Young

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) is a truncated extracellular form of the membrane transferrin receptor produced by proteolysis. Concentrations of serum sTfR are related to iron status and erythropoiesis in the body. We investigated whether serum sTfR levels can aid in diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children. Methods Ninety-eight patients with IDA were enrolled and were classified according to age at diagnosis. Group 1 comprised 78 children, aged 6-59 mo...

  12. Egg Yolk Protein Delays Recovery while Ovalbumin Is Useful in Recovery from Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yukiko Kobayashi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Protein is a main nutrient involved in overall iron metabolism in vivo. In order to assess the prevention of iron deficiency anemia (IDA by diet, it is necessary to confirm the influence of dietary protein, which coexists with iron, on iron bioavailability. We investigated the usefulness of the egg structural protein in recovery from IDA. Thirty-one female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a control group (n = 6 fed a casein diet (4.0 mg Fe/100 g for 42 days and an IDA model group (n = 25 created by feeding a low-iron casein diet (LI, 0.4 mg Fe/100 g for 21 days and these IDA rats were fed normal iron diet with different proteins from eggs for another 21 days. The IDA rats were further divided into four subgroups depending on the proteins fed during the last 21 days, which were those with an egg white diet (LI-W, 4.0 mg Fe/100 g, n = 6, those with an ovalbumin diet (LI-A, 4.0 mg Fe/100 g, n = 7, those with an egg yolk-supplemented diet (LI-Y, 4.0 mg Fe/100 g, n = 6, and the rest with a casein diet (LI-C, 4.0 mg Fe/100 g, n = 6. In the LI-Y group, recovery of the hematocrit, hemoglobin, transferrin saturation level and the hepatic iron content were delayed compared to the other groups (p < 0.01, 0.01, 0.01, and 0.05, respectively, resulting in no recovery from IDA at the end of the experimental period. There were no significant differences in blood parameters in the LI-W and LI-A groups compared to the control group. The hepatic iron content of the LI-W and LI-A groups was higher than that of the LI-C group (p < 0.05. We found that egg white protein was useful for recovery from IDA and one of the efficacious components was ovalbumin, while egg yolk protein delayed recovery of IDA. This study demonstrates, therefore, that bioavailability of dietary iron varies depending on the source of dietary protein.

  13. [Prevalence and determinants of anemia in young children in French-speaking Africa. Role of iron deficiency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diouf, S; Folquet, M; Mbofung, K; Ndiaye, O; Brou, K; Dupont, C; N'dri, D; Vuillerod, M; Azaïs-Braesco, V; Tetanye, E

    2015-11-01

    Anemia and iron deficiency are major public health issues worldwide and particularly in Africa. Reliable information about their prevalence and associated factors is required to allow for effective actions. In this study, we used data from recent (2006-2012) large population health surveys, carried out in 11 French-speaking African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo Brazzaville, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Senegal). Hemoglobin (Hb) was assessed and demographic and health-related parameters were obtained from nation-representative samples of children aged 6-59 months. Anemia (HbAnemia was only slightly but significantly affected by location (75.5% in rural areas versus 67.3% in towns), income (79.8% in lower quintile of income versus 62.3% in higher quintile), or maternal education (74.1% in children from non-educated mothers versus 62.4% in children whose mothers had secondary education). Nearly 50% of women of child-bearing age had anemia. In the countries that report this information, less than 50% (17-65%) of children consumed iron-rich foods regularly and only 12% (7.4-20.5%) received iron supplementation. Infection and parasitism are known to affect some markers of iron status, because of the inflammatory reaction, thereby making the diagnosis of iron deficiency difficult. In the study countries, acute respiratory diseases and diarrhea affected 6.2 and 15.6% of children aged between 6 and 59 months, respectively; their distribution according to age and location is very different from the one of anemia, which is also the case for the distribution of malaria. It is thus likely that a large part of the anemia observed in young children is due to iron deficiency, although further research is needed to confirm this. This fully justifies the nationwide programs of iron fortification of flour, currently undergoing in most countries of French-speaking Africa. Their formal evaluation is still pending but the

  14. Prevalence of High Blood Pressure, Heart Disease, Thalassemia, Sickle-Cell Anemia, and Iron-Deficiency Anemia among the UAE Adolescent Population

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline Barakat-Haddad

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the prevalence of high blood pressure, heart disease, and medical diagnoses in relation to blood disorders, among 6,329 adolescent students (age 15 to 18 years) who reside in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Findings indicated that the overall prevalence of high blood pressure and heart disease was 1.8% and 1.3%, respectively. Overall, the prevalence for thalassemia, sickle-cell anemia, and iron-deficiency anemia was 0.9%, 1.6%, and 5%, respectively. Bivariate analysis reve...

  15. Iron deficiency and cognitive functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jáuregui-Lobera I

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera Department of Nutrition and Bromatology, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain Abstract: Micronutrient deficiencies, especially those related to iodine and iron, are linked to different cognitive impairments, as well as to potential long-term behavioral changes. Among the cognitive impairments caused by iron deficiency, those referring to attention span, intelligence, and sensory perception functions are mainly cited, as well as those associated with emotions and behavior, often directly related to the presence of iron deficiency anemia. In addition, iron deficiency without anemia may cause cognitive disturbances. At present, the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia is 2%–6% among European children. Given the importance of iron deficiency relative to proper cognitive development and the alterations that can persist through adulthood as a result of this deficiency, the objective of this study was to review the current state of knowledge about this health problem. The relevance of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia, the distinction between the cognitive consequences of iron deficiency and those affecting specifically cognitive development, and the debate about the utility of iron supplements are the most relevant and controversial topics. Despite there being methodological differences among studies, there is some evidence that iron supplementation improves cognitive functions. Nevertheless, this must be confirmed by means of adequate follow-up studies among different groups. Keywords: iron deficiency, anemia, cognitive functions, supplementation

  16. Comparison of response between food supplemented with powdered iron and iron in syrup form for iron deficiency anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate and compare the response between food supplemented with iron in powdered and iron in syrup forms for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children aged 1-5 years. Results: Over half (51 %) of the patients were between 1-2 years of age. One hundred thirty-two were males and 68 females. Most of the patients belonged to poor socioeconomic class. The iron in powder form was better tolerated than iron syrup as this group witnessed fewer episodes of gastrointestinal disturbances. The rise in mean Hb level after 6 weeks of treatment in group A and B was 1.6 g/dl and 1.9 g/dl respectively. Hemoglobin rise in group B was more than group A but this was statistically non-significant (p>0.05). There was small but significant (p<0.05) rise in serum ferritin in both the groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups for response to the two forms of iron administration. Conclusion: The powdered form of iron is a cost-effective and better tolerated method of iron administration in children and can be considered as an alternate option for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children. (author)

  17. Comparison of efficacy of ferrous and iron polymaltose salts in the treatment of childhood iron deficiency anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron deficiency of anemia (IDA) is defined as reduced number of red blood cells, and / or reduced concentration hemoglobin (Hb) due to deficiency of iron. Treatment involves dietary modifications and inorganic iron salt supplements like ferrous sulfate (FS) or Iron polymaltose complex (IPC). The decision to select either drug rests on therapeutic efficacy, untoward side effects; cost of complete course, patient's compliance and discretion of physician. Both drugs can be prescribed in oral form. This study aimed at comparing the efficacy of two iron preparations (ferrous sulphate and iron polymaltose complex salts) in childhood iron deficiency anemia. Objective: To compare the efficacy of Ferrous Sulphate and Iron Polymaltose Complex salts in the treatment of childhood Iron Deficiency Anemia. Methodology: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Department of Pediatric Medicine Unit-II Mayo Hospital, Lahore, for a period of 6 months. One hundred and fifty children aged 6 months to 5 years suffering from iron deficiency anemia were selected and randomly divided into two groups of 75 each (Group A and B prescribed FS and IPC respectively). Results were analyzed in terms of rise in Hb from the baseline after three months. Increase in Hb level 2 gm/dl after three months of treatment was considered as effective. Results were analyzed by SPSS version 17. Efficacy of both the drugs, was compared by chi square test. P value 0.05 was accepted as significant. Results: There were 34 cases (22.7%) in 6-12 months age, 77 cases (51.3%) between 1-3 years age and 39 cases (26%) between 3-5 years age. The number of male and female children was 82 (54.7%) and 68 (45.3%) respectively. The baseline hemoglobin of all study cases was 6.64+-1.08 gm/dl (6.59+-1.13 gm/dl in Group A and 6.69+-1.04 gm/dl in Group B). At completion of therapy, the mean hemoglobin of all study cases was 9.15+-1.21 gm/dl (9.20+9-1.17 gm/dl in Group A and 9.11+-1.25 gm/dl in Group B). The difference

  18. [Ferro-Folgamma--a drug for treatment and prophylaxis of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozhinova, S; Penkov, V; Bogdanova, A

    2004-01-01

    The problem of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in pregnant women is not a new one, but the flashback to it is justified because of the fact that its significance is not appreciated properly. The growing foetus has increased needs of different active for blood formation substances such as iron (Fe), folic acid, vit. B12, which are taken away from the mother. If her supplies are not enough, an anaemic syndrome can be promoted. The only suitable way in the presence of iron deficiency is the administration of drugs for equilibration of iron balance. We used Ferro-Folgamma--a new medicine for our pharmaceutical market, for treatment of IDA in 42 pregnant women and we rendered an account of the results of its administration. All pregnant women had starting data of Hbvit B12 increases the iron resorbtion. PMID:15341253

  19. La anemia por deficiencia de hierro: estrategias de la OPS/OMS para combatirla Iron deficiency anemia: PAHO/WHO strategies to fight anemia

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    WILMA B FREIRE

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available La anemia por deficiencia de hierro es uno de los problemas nutricionales de mayor magnitud en el mundo. A pesar de conocer su etiología y tener a disposición el conocimiento de cómo enfrentarla y de saber que las intervenciones son de bajo costo, aún no se ha podido superar este problema. Este documento parte de una estimación de la magnitud del problema y plantea los elementos necesarios para el diseño, la ejecución y la medición del impacto de la suplementación con hierro y la fortificación, como las intervenciones más efectivas para disminuir considerablemente la dimensión de la anemia por falta de hierro. Propone una lista de pasos a seguir previos a la elaboración de un proyecto y recomienda una serie de elementos a considerar en ello. Define, asimismo, los aspectos que se deben incluir en una propuesta de fortificación y en otra de suplementación. El documento concluye con un listado de actividades complementarias que la Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud ofrece dentro de su paquete de cooperación técnica.Iron deficiency anemia is among the greatest nutritional problems in the world. Although its etiology is understood and intervention at low cost is available, the problem persists. The present review begins with a general estimate of the dimensions of the problem. It suggests the necessary elements for the design, implementation, and measurement of the impact of iron supplementing and fortification as the most effective forms to intervene and diminish iron deficiency anemia. Several preliminary steps are proposed previous to the preparation of a project and several recomendations are made to be included in a project for fortification and iron supplementing. A list of complementary activities offered by PAHO/WHO as part of the package of technical cooperation is included.

  20. Developmental delay in children with iron deficiency anemia. Can this be reversed by iron therapy?

    OpenAIRE

    H. Antunes (filho); Gonçalves, S.; Teixeira-Pinto, A; Costa-Pereira, A.

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare development of 17 children aged 12 months with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and 18 controls without IDA after a 3-months follow-up period and iron therapy in the IDA group. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Development of all children was evaluated using the Griffith's Scale. Data was collected on parent's social class and education, breast-feeding, number of siblings and clinical nutritional status. RESULTS: At 12 months children with IDA had significantly lower dev...

  1. Iron Polymaltose Complex in the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasmeen, S; Aktar, N; Azim, E; Siddique, S; Shah, S M; Chaklader, M A; Khatun, S; Debnath, R C; Rahman, M M; Bari, M N

    2016-07-01

    Iron deficiency anaemia is a major public health problem in pregnancy. About 58% of pregnant women in developed countries are anaemic mainly due to iron deficiency resulting a serious negative consequences on children, mothers and eventually on the nation. This quasi-experimental multi centered study (Before after study) was done to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Iron Polymaltose Complex (IPC) in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia and it was performed at the OPD of Bangladesh Medical College and two other clinics of Dhaka city from August 2011 to September 2013. A total of 80 (eighty) subjects were selected by purposive sampling as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were treated by Iron Polymaltose-IPC [47mg elemental iron + Folic Acid 0.5mg + Zinc 22.5mg - Once daily orally for 12 weeks]. At the beginning and after 12 weeks of intervention by Iron Polymaltose Complex (IPC) Hb%, Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Serum iron, and Serum ferritin were measured. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 13.0. Paired and unpaired 't' test was used to analyze differences within groups and between groups. Chi-square test was done to analyze primary efficacy parameters and adverse drug reactions (ADR). Most of the respondents were within the age group of 18-23 and 30-35 years (32.6% each). Significant differences were found by treatment with IPC for 12 weeks in Hb%, PCV, MCV, MCH, Serum iron, and Serum ferritin level. In iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy IPC may be used as a safe and cost-effective therapeutic management. PMID:27612899

  2. Age and body mass index-dependent relationship between correction of iron deficiency anemia and insulin resistance in non-diabetic premenopausal women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    No prospective studies have evaluated the effects of correction of iron deficiency anemia on insulin resistance in non-diabetic premenopausal women with iron deficiency anemia. All patients were treated with oral iron preparations. Insulin resistance was calculated with the Homeostasis Model Assessment formula. All patients were dichotomized by the median for age and BMI to assess how the relationship between iron deficiency anemia and insulin resistance was affected by the age and BMI. Although the fasting glucose levels did not change meaningfully, statistically significant decreases were found in fasting insulin levels following anemia treatment both in the younger age (= 40 years) and the high BMI (>-27Kg/m) subgroups. Post-treatment fasting insulin levels were positively correlated both with BMI (r=0.386, P=0.004) and post-treatment hemoglobin levels. (r=0.285, P=0.036). Regression analysis revealed that the factors affecting post-treatment insulin levels were BMI (P=0.001) and post-treatment hemoglobin levels (p=0.030). Our results show that following he correction of iron deficiency anemia, insulin levels and HOMA scores decrease in younger and lean non-diabetic premenopausal women. (author)

  3. Dietary cellulose has no effect on the regeneration of hemoglobin in growing rats with iron deficiency anemia

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    M. Catani

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of cellulose on intestinal iron absorption in rats during recovery from iron deficiency anemia. Twenty-one-day-old male Wistar-EPM rats were fed an iron-free ration for two weeks to induce anemia. At 5 weeks of age, the rats were divided into two groups (both groups receiving 35 mg of elemental iron per kg diet: cellulose group (N = 12, receiving a diet containing 100 g of cellulose/kg and control (N = 12, receiving a diet containing no cellulose. The fresh weight of the feces collected over a 3-day period between the 15th and 18th day of dietary treatment was 10.7 ± 3.5 g in the group receiving cellulose and 1.9 ± 1.2 g in the control group (P<0.001. Total food intake was higher in the cellulose group (343.4 ± 22.0 g than in the control (322.1 ± 13.1 g, P = 0.009 during the 3 weeks of dietary treatment. No significant difference was observed in weight gain (cellulose group = 132.8 ± 19.2, control = 128.0 ± 16.3 g, hemoglobin increment (cellulose group = 8.0 ± 0.8, control = 8.0 ± 1.0 g/dl, hemoglobin level (cellulose group = 12.3 ± 1.2, control = 12.1 ± 1.3 g/dl or in hepatic iron levels (cellulose group = 333.6 ± 112.4, control = 398.4 ± 168.0 µg/g dry tissue. We conclude that cellulose does not adversely affect the regeneration of hemoglobin, hepatic iron level or the growth of rats during recovery from iron deficiency anemia.

  4. Influence of laser and LED irradiation on mast cells of cutaneous wounds of rats with iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becher Rosa, Cristiane; Oliveira Sampaio, Susana C. P.; Monteiro, Juliana S. C.; Ferreira, Maria F. L.; Zanini, Fátima A. A.; Santos, Jean N.; Cangussú, Maria Cristina T.; Pinheiro, Antonio L. B.

    2011-03-01

    This work aimed to study histologically the effect of Laser or LED phototherapy on mast cells on cutaneous wounds of rats with iron deficiency. 18 rats were used and fed with special peleted iron-free diet. An excisional wound was created on the dorsum of each animal which were divided into: Group I - Control with anemia + no treatment; Group II - Anemia + Laser; Group III - Anemia + LED; Group IV - Healthy + no treatment; Group V - Healthy + Laser; Group VI - Healthy + LED. Irradiation was performed using a diode Laser (λ660nm, 40mW, CW, total dose of 10J/cm2, 4X2.5J/cm2) or a RED-LED ( λ700nm, 15mW, CW, total dose of 10J/cm2). Histological specimens were routinely processed, cut and stained with toluidine blue and mast cell counts performed. No significant statistic difference was found between groups as to the number of degranulated, non-degradulated or total mast cells. Greater mean values were found for degranulated mast cells in the Anemia + LED. LED irradiation on healthy specimens resulted in a smaller number of degranulated mast cells. Our results leads to conclude that there are no significant differences in the number of mast cells seven days after irradiation following Laser or LED phototherapy.

  5. Bed bugs reproductive life cycle in the clothes of a patient suffering from Alzheimer’s disease results in iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Sabou, Marcela; Gallo Imperiale, Delphine; Andrès, Emmanuel; Abou-Bacar, Ahmed; Foeglé, Jacinthe; Lavigne, Thierry; Kaltenbach, Georges; Candolfi, Ermanno

    2013-01-01

    We report the case of an 82-year-old patient, hospitalized for malaise. Her clothes were infested by numerous insects and the entomological analysis identified them as being Cimex lectularius (bed bugs). The history of the patient highlighted severe cognitive impairment. The biological assessment initially showed a profound microcytic, aregenerative, iron deficiency anemia. A vitamin B12 deficiency due to pernicious anemia (positive intrinsic factor antibodies) was also highlighted, but this ...

  6. Iron Deficiency Anemia in Adult Onset Still's Disease with a Serum Ferritin of 26,387 μg/L

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    Sheetal Patel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Serum ferritin rises in the anemia of chronic inflammation reflecting increased iron storage and other changes mediated by inflammation. When iron deficiency coexists, the ferritin may not always decline into the subnormal range. We describe the rare interaction of iron deficiency with the extreme hyperferritinemia characteristic of adult onset Still's disease. The combination has clinical relevance and allows deductions about the presence of serum ferritin at 26,387 μg/L despite obvious iron depletion. The diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia was delayed and became fully obvious when her Still's disease remitted and serum ferritin decreased to 6.5 μg/L. The coexistence of iron deficiency should be considered when evaluating a patient with anemia of chronic inflammation even when the ferritin level is elevated several hundredfold. Further insights on ferritin metabolism in Still's disease are suggested by the likelihood that the patient's massive hyperferritinemia in the acute phase of Still's disease was almost entirely of the iron-free apoferritin form.

  7. Kcne2 deletion causes early-onset nonalcoholic fatty liver disease via iron deficiency anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Soo Min; Nguyen, Dara; Anand, Marie; Kant, Ritu; Köhncke, Clemens; Lisewski, Ulrike; Roepke, Torsten K; Hu, Zhaoyang; Abbott, Geoffrey W

    2016-01-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing health problem worldwide, with genetic, epigenetic, and environmental components. Here, we describe the first example of NAFLD caused by genetic disruption of a mammalian potassium channel subunit. Mice with germline deletion of the KCNE2 potassium channel β subunit exhibited NAFLD as early as postnatal day 7. Using mouse genetics, histology, liver damage assays and transcriptomics we discovered that iron deficiency arising from KCNE2-dependent achlorhydria is a major factor in early-onset NAFLD in Kcne2(─/─) mice, while two other KCNE2-dependent defects did not initiate NAFLD. The findings uncover a novel genetic basis for NAFLD and an unexpected potential factor in human KCNE2-associated cardiovascular pathologies, including atherosclerosis. PMID:26984260

  8. STUDY OF ASSOCIATION BETWEEN IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA AND FEBRILE SEIZURE S

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    Raju

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To Study the association between Iron deficiency and Febrile seizures in children of age group 6 months – 60 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Present study is case - control study, done in the department of Paediatrics, Rangaraya Medical College, Govt. General Hospital, Kakinada. 150 Children of age group 6 months – 60 Months (75 Children as study group / 75 children as control group were include d in the study. Children with Febrile Seizures were considered as study group and f ebrile illness without s eizure as control group, as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Detailed history was taken from parents and clinical examination findings were recorded investigations like haemoglobin estimations, serum f erritin level were done to all children and specific investigations like CSF analysis, EEG, CT Brain etc. were done according to the need. RESULTS: The present study includes 150 children out of which the prevalence of Iron Deficiency anaemia (Hb≤11gm / dl with Febrile seizures is 84% (63 out of 75 children and in control group 65% (49 out of 75 Children P Value is 0.0005 which is significant. Prevalence of low f erritin levels (≤30ng / ml in study group is 58.6% and in control group 30%. The incidence of f ebrile seizures more common in male children 59% compared to female children 41%. Respiratory tract infections constituted the major cause of fever in both groups. CONCLUSION: There is strong positive correlation between haemoglobin concentration and development of f ebrile seizures (P 0.0008. There is strong positive correlation between low serum Ferritin levels and development of Febrile Seizures (P 0.0005 .

  9. Impact of fortification of flours with iron to reduce the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency among schoolchildren in Caracas, Venezuela: a follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layrisse, Miguel; García-Casal, María Nieves; Méndez-Castellano, Hernán; Jiménez, Maritza; Henry, Olavarría; Chávez, José E; González, Eglis

    2002-12-01

    In Venezuela, a severe economic crisis starting in 1983 provoked a progressive reduction in the quantity and quality of food consumed by people from the low socioeconomic strata of the population. This situation resulted in a continuous increase in the prevalence of iron deficiency in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1993, an iron-fortification program was started, in which precooked corn and white wheat flours were enriched with iron, vitamin A, thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin. White wheat flour was enriched with the same nutrients, except for vitamin A. In 1996 we published the results of the impact of fortification of precooked corn and white wheat flours on the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency in the population. A survey carried out in Caracas in 307 children aged 7, 11, and 15 years showed that the prevalence of iron deficiency measured by serum ferritin concentration dropped from 37% in 1992 to 16% in 1994, only one year after the iron-fortification program began. The prevalence of anemia, as measured by the hemoglobin concentration, diminished from 19% to 10% during the same period. This article reports the results of three other surveys carried out in 1997, 1998, and 1999 on children of the same age and socioeconomic groups that were evaluated in 1990, 1992, and 1994. There were no significant differences in anemia or iron deficiency among the last three surveys. The prevalence results from the last seven years seem to indicate that, after a dramatic reduction in 1994, iron deficiency tended to stabilize, while the prevalence of anemia increased to the same level found in 1992, before the fortification program started. PMID:16619746

  10. [Prevalence of monosymptomatic celiac disease in patients with iron deficiency anemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, C; Gayà, J; Liompart, A; Vaquer, P; Sansó, A; Riera, J; Ginard, D; Bonet, L; Obrador, A

    1997-04-01

    A prospective study of the prevalence of monosymptomatic celiac disease presented as ferropenic anemia in patients admitted for study such complication of was carried out. All the patients were evaluated by gastroscopy and biopsy of the distal duodenal segment, regardless of endoscopic appearance. Patients presenting an endoscopic lesion clearly suggestive as the origin of the chronic bleeding were excluded from the study. The prevalence of celiac disease, the only manifestation of which was ferropenic anemia, was 3.3% in this series. What is important to note in this study is the importance of duodenal biopsy in the study of ferropenic anemia, with the aim of avoiding diagnostic delay of a possible monosymptomatic celiac disease as the cause of the anemia. PMID:9280609

  11. Hepcidin-Induced Iron Deficiency Is Related to Transient Anemia and Hypoferremia in Kawasaki Disease Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Ying-Hsien Huang; Ho-Chang Kuo; Fu-Chen Huang; Hong-Ren Yu; Kai-Sheng Hsieh; Ya-Ling Yang; Jiunn-Ming Sheen; Sung-Chou Li; Hsing-Chun Kuo

    2016-01-01

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is a type of systemic vasculitis that primarily affects children under the age of five years old. For sufferers of KD, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been found to successfully diminish the occurrence of coronary artery lesions. Anemia is commonly found in KD patients, and we have shown that in appropriately elevated hepcidin levels are related to decreased hemoglobin levels in these patients. In this study, we investigated the time period of anemia and iron metab...

  12. Anemia and iron deficiency among school adolescents: burden, severity, and determinant factors in southwest Ethiopia

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    Tesfaye M

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Melkam Tesfaye,1 Tilahun Yemane,2 Wondimagegn Adisu,2 Yaregal Asres,2 Lealem Gedefaw,21Department of Clinical Laboratory, Bonga Hospital, Bonga, 2Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia Background: Adolescence is the period of most rapid growth second to childhood. The physical and physiological changes that occur in adolescents place a great demand on their nutritional requirements and make them more vulnerable to anemia. Anemia in the adolescence causes reduced physical and mental capacity and diminished concentration in work and educational performance, and also poses a major threat to future safe motherhood in girls. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among school adolescents in Bonga Town, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 408 school adolescents in Bonga Town, southwest Ethiopia, from March 15, 2014 to May 25, 2014. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic and other data. A total of 7 mL of venous blood and 4 g of stool samples were collected from each study participant. Blood and stool samples were analyzed for hematological and parasitological analyses, respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 20 software for Windows. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia was 15.2% (62/408, of which 83.9% comprised mild anemia. The proportion of microcytic, hypochromic anemia was 53% (33/62. Being female (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =3.04, 95% confidence interval (CI =1.41–6.57, household size ≥5 (AOR =2.58, 95% CI =1.11–5.96, father's illiteracy (AOR =9.03, 95% CI =4.29–18.87, intestinal parasitic infection (AOR =5.37, 95% CI =2.65–10.87, and low body mass index (AOR =2.54, 95% CI =1.17–5.51 were identified as determinants of anemia among school adolescents. Conclusion: This study showed that anemia was a mild public

  13. CLINICAL AND LABORATORY PROFILE OF CHILDREN OF AGE GROUP 6 MONTHS TO 5 YEARS WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA ADMITTED IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

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    Leela Kumari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available : Iron deficiency is the commonest micronutrient deficiency worldwide. It is preventable and treatable. Iron deficiency in a child can affect the physical growth as well as the cognitive functions since Iron is essential for growing brain. So early detection and correction of Iron deficiency is very essential. This descriptive study was conducted in 155 anemic children of age 6months to 5 years admitted in a tertiary care centre. Objective was to study the clinical and laboratory profile. This study showed high prevalence of anemia in male children compared to females. Higher grades of anaemiawas found in those taking diet deficient in Iron rich food and those not having periodic deworming. Mild anemia was noted in 34.2%, Moderate in 52.9% severe in 12.9%.47.5 % were in the age group 3-5 years. Significant association was found between Iron deficiency and Febrile seizures.18.7% of study participants had under nutrition and 11% had first degree stunting.

  14. 热性惊厥与缺铁性贫血的关系%Relationship between Febrile Convulsion and Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何梅玲; 彭丰

    2014-01-01

    目的探讨热性惊厥与缺铁性贫血的关系。方法检测104例热性惊厥患儿的红细胞计数(RBC)、血红蛋白(Hb)、红细胞平均容积(MCV)、红细胞平均血红蛋白(MCH)、红细胞平均血红蛋白浓度(MCHC)、SI,并以同期98例呼吸道、肠道感染而无惊厥患儿为对照组,分析其结果。结果惊厥组贫血发生率明显高于对照组,且多为小细胞性贫血(符合缺铁性贫血的血液特征)。结论小儿热性惊厥与血清铁有着密切的联系,缺铁性贫血可能是引起小儿热性惊厥的重要原因之一。%Objective To investigate the correlation of febrile convulsion and iron deficiency anemia. Methods Mesured the RBC,Hb,MCV,MCH,MCHC,SI in 104 children of Upper respiratory tract infection, and recorded children of febrile convulsion with Iron deficiency anemia, and children of febrile convulsion without iron deficiency anemia,children of febrile convulsion without deficiency anemia. The rest 2 groups of children are as control group. Results Which is significantly higher than the control group. And anemin in which the average size of erythrocytes is smal er than normal. Conclusion Children febrile convulsion could be highly correlated, and the iron deficiency anemia maybe one of the cause of children febrile convulsion.

  15. Consumo de leite de vaca e anemia ferropriva na infância Cow's milk consumption and iron deficiency anemia in children

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    Maria A. A. Oliveira

    2005-10-01

    organizations. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Iron deficiency anemia is a severe public health problem in developing countries. Breast milk contains adequate iron for full term babies in the first 6 months. Thereafter, an additional iron-rich diet becomes essential. In recognition of the importance of the diet in triggering anemia, this paper discusses the relationship in children between a high intake of cow's milk and iron deficiency anemia. Gastrointestinal and allergic problems may be caused by early introduction of cow's milk or by its substitution for breast milk. Furthermore, cow's milk has decreased iron density and bioavailability, excess protein and minerals, notably calcium, and thus interferes in the absorption of iron from other foods, and is also linked to small intestinal hemorrhage in young children. CONCLUSIONS: The use of cow's milk in lieu of other foods rich in bioavailable iron was shown to be a risk factor for anemia. Exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life, discretionary weaning only after the 24th month, and a complementary diet rich in iron are highly important to avoid anemia and its consequences.

  16. Association between Iron Deficiency Anemia and Febrile Convulsion in 3- to 60-Month-Old Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Narges Habibian; Abbas Alipour; Abbas Rezaianzadeh

    2014-01-01

    Controversy exists regarding the association between Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA), iron status, and Febrile Convulsion (FC) during childhood. In this article, a systematic review and meta-analysis is conducted in order to determine possible association and the degree of association between these statuses and FC. To identify all studies related to IDA and FC, various references such as MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase (OVID), Web of sciences (Thomson Reuters) and Google scholar were searched (up until...

  17. Iron supplementation protocols for iron deficiency anemia: A comparative review of iron regimens in three countries of India, Iran and England

    OpenAIRE

    Tahereh Fathi Najafi; Robab Latifnejad Roudsari; Mahshid Hejazi

    2013-01-01

    Background and aim: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common micronutrient deficiency in the world today. It affects the lives of millions of women and children through contributing to poor cognitive development, increased maternal mortality and decreased work capacity.  Because of the important role of Iron in the physical and cognitive health, and for the universal consideration of eradication of this problem, this review aimed to compare iron supplementary programs in three countries if I...

  18. A case of iron deficiency anemia with co-existing Hb Fontainebleau.

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    Abhishek HL Purohit

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Hb Fontainebleaue is a rare alpha chain variant in the Indian population which generates an unknown peak on hemoglobin HPLC study and does cause diagnostic difficulty to those who are not acquainted with this entity. We present a case of Hb Fontainebleau, an eighteen year old patient who presented with symptoms related to anemia to our department and unknown peak observed in HPLC plots lead us to family study and molecular characterization for this case.

  19. Hepcidin-Induced Iron Deficiency Is Related to Transient Anemia and Hypoferremia in Kawasaki Disease Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ying-Hsien; Kuo, Ho-Chang; Huang, Fu-Chen; Yu, Hong-Ren; Hsieh, Kai-Sheng; Yang, Ya-Ling; Sheen, Jiunn-Ming; Li, Sung-Chou; Kuo, Hsing-Chun

    2016-01-01

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is a type of systemic vasculitis that primarily affects children under the age of five years old. For sufferers of KD, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been found to successfully diminish the occurrence of coronary artery lesions. Anemia is commonly found in KD patients, and we have shown that in appropriately elevated hepcidin levels are related to decreased hemoglobin levels in these patients. In this study, we investigated the time period of anemia and iron metabolism during different stages of KD. A total of 100 patients with KD and 20 control subjects were enrolled in this study for red blood cell and hemoglobin analysis. Furthermore, plasma, urine hepcidin, and plasma IL-6 levels were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 20 KD patients and controls. Changes in hemoglobin, plasma iron levels, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were also measured in patients with KD. Hemoglobin, iron levels, and TIBC were lower (p hepcidin levels (both p hepcidin levels were positively and significantly correlated with urine hepcidin levels (p hepcidin and hemoglobin levels significantly decreased (both p hepcidin induces transient anemia and hypoferremia during KD's acute inflammatory phase. PMID:27187366

  20. Ferumoxytol versus placebo in iron deficiency anemia: efficacy, safety, and quality of life in patients with gastrointestinal disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, David C; Dahl, Naomi V; Strauss, William E; Barish, Charles F; Hetzel, David J; Bernard, Kristine; Li, Zhu; Allen, Lee F

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is common in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and can adversely affect quality of life. Oral iron is poorly tolerated in many patients with GI disorders. Ferumoxytol is approved for the intravenous treatment of IDA in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ferumoxytol in patients with IDA and concomitant GI disorders. Patients and methods This analysis included 231 patients with IDA and GI disorders from a Phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluating ferumoxytol (510 mg ×2) versus placebo in patients who had failed or were intolerant of oral iron therapy. The primary study end point was the proportion of patients achieving a ≥20 g/L increase in hemoglobin (Hgb) from baseline to Week 5. Other end points included mean change in Hgb, proportion of patients achieving Hgb ≥120 g/L, mean change in transferrin saturation, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Results Significantly more patients with IDA receiving ferumoxytol achieved a ≥20 g/L increase in Hgb versus placebo (82.1% vs 1.7%, respectively; Piron therapy. PMID:27468245

  1. Evaluation of the effect of laser radiation on fibroblast proliferation in repair of skin wounds of rats with iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCastro, Isabele C. V.; Oliveira-Sampaio, Susana C. P.; Monteiro, Juliana S. de C.; Ferreira, Maria de Fátima L.; Cangussu, Maria T.; N. dos Santos, Jean; Pinheiro, Antonio Luiz B.

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effect of low- level laser therapy (LLLT) on fibroblast proliferation on wound repair of rats with Iron deficiency anemia since there is no reports on literature about this subject. Iron deficiency anemia was induced on 36 newborn rats then an excisional wound was created on the dorsum of the animals which were divided into four groups: (I) - non-anemic, (II) - Anemic, (III) - non-anemic + LLLT, (IV) Anemic+ LLLT. The animals in each group were sacrificed at 7, 14 and 21 days. Laser irradiation was performed on each group (λ660nm,40Mw,CW) by contact mode with a dose of 2,5J/ cm2 in four points on the area of the wound and total of 10J/cm2 per session. Data were evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Paired t-test. The results showed LLLT was able to stimulate fibroblastic proliferation in rats with iron deficiency anemia at the 21st day while at control group (III) no statistically significant differences was found.

  2. Hepcidin-Induced Iron Deficiency Is Related to Transient Anemia and Hypoferremia in Kawasaki Disease Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Hsien Huang

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Kawasaki disease (KD is a type of systemic vasculitis that primarily affects children under the age of five years old. For sufferers of KD, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG has been found to successfully diminish the occurrence of coronary artery lesions. Anemia is commonly found in KD patients, and we have shown that in appropriately elevated hepcidin levels are related to decreased hemoglobin levels in these patients. In this study, we investigated the time period of anemia and iron metabolism during different stages of KD. A total of 100 patients with KD and 20 control subjects were enrolled in this study for red blood cell and hemoglobin analysis. Furthermore, plasma, urine hepcidin, and plasma IL-6 levels were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 20 KD patients and controls. Changes in hemoglobin, plasma iron levels, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC were also measured in patients with KD. Hemoglobin, iron levels, and TIBC were lower (p < 0.001, p = 0.009, and p < 0.001, respectively while plasma IL-6 and hepcidin levels (both p < 0.001 were higher in patients with KD than in the controls prior to IVIG administration. Moreover, plasma hepcidin levels were positively and significantly correlated with urine hepcidin levels (p < 0.001 prior to IVIG administration. After IVIG treatment, plasma hepcidin and hemoglobin levels significantly decreased (both p < 0.001. Of particular note was a subsequent gradual increase in hemoglobin levels during the three weeks after IVIG treatment; nevertheless, the hemoglobin levels stayed lower in KD patients than in the controls (p = 0.045. These findings provide a longitudinal study of hemoglobin changes and among the first evidence that hepcidin induces transient anemia and hypoferremia during KD’s acute inflammatory phase.

  3. Alterations of platelet functions in children and adolescents with iron-deficiency anemia and response to therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokhtar, Galila M; Ibrahim, Wafaa E; Kassim, Nevine A; Ragab, Iman A; Saad, Abeer A; Abdel Raheem, Heba G

    2015-01-01

    Several changes in platelets have been reported in patients with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA), so a relationship between iron metabolism and thrombopoiesis should be considered. We aimed to study the alterations of platelet functions in patients with IDA by assessment of platelet aggregation with epinephrine, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and ristocetin and by measuring platelet function analyzer-100 (PFA-100) closure time together with the effect of iron therapy on the same tests. A follow-up study was conducted in Ain Shams University Children's hospital in the period from June 2011 to June 2012 including 20 patients with confirmed IDA and 20 healthy age- and sex-matched control. Bleeding manifestations were reported. Laboratory analysis included complete blood count, assessment of iron status by measuring serum iron, TIBC and ferritin, assessment of platelet functions by PFA-100 closure time and platelet aggregation with collagen, ADP and ristocetin. Patients with IDA were treated by oral iron therapy 6 mg/kg/day of ferrous sulfate and post-therapeutic re-assessment was done. Mean age of IDA patients was 5.7 ± 4.2 years. Bleeding manifestations were more common in patients group. Mean PFA-100 closure times (with epinephrine) were significantly longer in patients (179.1 ± 86.4 seconds) compared to control group (115 ± 28.5 seconds) (p treatment platelet aggregation tests induced by ADP (64.78 ± 18.25%), and epinephrine (55.47 ± 24%) were significantly increased in patients with IDA compared to before treatment (39.44 ± 21.85%, 20.33 ± 14.58%; p treatment (118.4 ± 27.242) compared to before treatment (186.2 ± 90.35; p treatment (r = 0.042, p iron deficiency and platelet functions. Subtle bleeding manifestations can occur in patients with IDA with delay in platelet aggregation and prolongation in PFA-100 closure times which can be reversed by iron therapy. PMID:25026531

  4. Anemia e ferropenia em gestantes: dissensos de resultados de um estudo transversal Anemia and iron deficiency in pregnant women: disagreements among the results of a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Campello Bresani

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever as freqüências de anemia e ferropenia em gestantes de baixo risco, de acordo com a ferritina sérica e diferentes pontos de corte da concentração de hemoglobina (Hb. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal, utilizando-se banco de dados com 318 gestantes atendidas no período de maio de 2000 a junho de 2001, no Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira-IMIP, em Recife, Pernambuco. Determinou-se a freqüência de anemia e/ou ferropenia em função da ferritina e dois diferentes pontos de corte da Hb (11,0 e 10,5g/dL. Os dados foram analisados nos programas Epi-Info 6.04b e Minitab v.14.2. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do IMIP. RESULTADOS: as freqüências de anemia (HbOBJECTIVES: to describe the frequency of anemia and iron deficiency anemia, using two cutoff points for hemoglobin concentration (Hb as well as serum ferritin levels in women with low-risk pregnancies. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was carried out based on the database records of 318 pregnant women at the Instituto Materno Infantil Professor Fernando Figueira-IMIP, in the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, between May 2000 and June 2001. The frequency of anemia and/or iron deficiency anemia were determined using two Hb cutoff points (<11.0 and <10.5g/dL in addition to serum ferritin levels. Data were analyzed using the Epi-Info 6.04b and Minitab v.14.2 software programs. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. RESULTS: the frequency of anemia (Hb<11.0g/dL and the frequency of iron deficiency anemia (Hb<11.0g/dL; ferritin<12ng/mL were 56.6% and 10.7%, respectively. When the Hb cutoff point was changed to 10.5g/dL, the frequency of anemia fell to 37.4% and the frequency of iron deficiency anemia to 7.9%. Higher serum ferritin levels were found in anemic patients than in non-anemic patients, regardless of the Hb cutoff point used. CONCLUSIONS: the frequency of anemia was acceptable, but the proportion of

  5. Gastrointestinal Pyogenic Granuloma (Lobular Capillary Hemangioma): An Underrecognized Entity Causing Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamal, Umar M.; Hammami, Muhammad B.; Taylor, Jason R.; Omran, M. Louay; Chen, Yongxin; Lai, Jin-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Pyogenic granuloma (PG), more accurately known as lobular capillary hemangioma, is a benign vascular tumor that usually occurs in the skin or oral mucosa. This lesion is rarely reported in the gastrointestinal tract but is known to bleed if not resected. We herein describe a case series with the clinical, endoscopic, and histologic findings of four cases of gastrointestinal PG at our institution. In addition, we provide a review of the literature and summation of all reported cases of PG specific to the gastrointestinal tract. Based on our experience, we suggest that the actual incidence of gastrointestinal PG may in fact be higher than reported because PG can be unrecognized or improperly diagnosed. It is important for the clinician to properly recognize this lesion as a source of anemia and its propensity to bleed during biopsy or resection. PMID:27403353

  6. Solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with iron to overcome barriers for treatment of iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosny KM

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Khaled Mohamed Hosny,1,2 Zainy Mohammed Banjar,3 Amani H Hariri,4 Ali Habiballah Hassan5 1Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt; 3Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 4Consultant Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hera Genaral Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; 5Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Abstract: According to the World Health Organization, 46% of the world’s children suffer from anemia, which is usually treated with iron supplements such as ferrous sulfate. The aim of this study was to prepare iron as solid lipid nanoparticles, in order to find an innovative way for alleviating the disadvantages associated with commercially available tablets. These limitations include adverse effects on the digestive system resulting in constipation and blood in the stool. The second drawback is the high variability in the absorption of iron and thus in its bioavailability. Iron solid lipid nanoparticles (Fe-SLNs were prepared by hot homogenization/ultrasonication. Solubility of ferrous sulfate in different solid lipids was measured, and effects of process variables such as the surfactant type and concentration, homogenization and ultrasonication times, and charge-inducing agent on the particle size, zeta potential, and encapsulation efficiency were determined. Furthermore, in vitro drug release and in vivo pharmacokinetics were studied in rabbits. Results indicated that Fe-SLNs consisted of 3% Compritol 888 ATO, 1% Lecithin, 3% Poloxamer 188, and 0.2% dicetylphosphate, with an average particle size of 25 nm with 92.3% entrapment efficiency. In vivo pharmacokinetic study revealed more than fourfold enhanced bioavailability. In

  7. Safety and efficacy of rapid (1,000 mg in 1 hr) intravenous iron dextran for treatment of maternal iron deficient anemia of pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Lee; Smith, Samuel; Gilstrop, Marisa; Derman, Richard; Auerbach, Sarah; London, Nicola; Lenowitz, Steven; Bahrain, Huzefa; McClintock, Jessica; Auerbach, Michael

    2016-06-01

    Maternal iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Oral iron is recommended to reverse anemia, but has gastrointestinal toxicity and frequent non-adherence. Intravenous (IV) iron is reserved for intolerance of, or unresponsiveness to, oral therapy, malabsorption, and severe anemia (1% with hemoglobin [Hgb] levels serum ferritin, and percent transferrin saturation. About 189 subjects received 1,000 mg LMWID. No serious AEs occurred. About 2% experienced transient infusion reactions. Hgb improved by 1-1.9 g/dL in 82% and ≥2 g/dL in 24%. Second trimester treatment was not associated with greater Hgb improvement than third trimester treatment. Anemia resolved in 95%. Administration of a single large dose of IV LMWID was effective, safe, and convenient. Am. J. Hematol. 91:590-593, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26971581

  8. Solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with iron to overcome barriers for treatment of iron deficiency anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosny, Khaled Mohamed; Banjar, Zainy Mohammed; Hariri, Amani H; Hassan, Ali Habiballah

    2015-01-01

    According to the World Health Organization, 46% of the world's children suffer from anemia, which is usually treated with iron supplements such as ferrous sulfate. The aim of this study was to prepare iron as solid lipid nanoparticles, in order to find an innovative way for alleviating the disadvantages associated with commercially available tablets. These limitations include adverse effects on the digestive system resulting in constipation and blood in the stool. The second drawback is the high variability in the absorption of iron and thus in its bioavailability. Iron solid lipid nanoparticles (Fe-SLNs) were prepared by hot homogenization/ultrasonication. Solubility of ferrous sulfate in different solid lipids was measured, and effects of process variables such as the surfactant type and concentration, homogenization and ultrasonication times, and charge-inducing agent on the particle size, zeta potential, and encapsulation efficiency were determined. Furthermore, in vitro drug release and in vivo pharmacokinetics were studied in rabbits. Results indicated that Fe-SLNs consisted of 3% Compritol 888 ATO, 1% Lecithin, 3% Poloxamer 188, and 0.2% dicetylphosphate, with an average particle size of 25 nm with 92.3% entrapment efficiency. In vivo pharmacokinetic study revealed more than fourfold enhanced bioavailability. In conclusion, Fe-SLNs could be a promising carrier for iron with enhanced oral bioavailability. PMID:25609917

  9. Hematopoietic deletion of transferrin receptor 2 in mice leads to a block in erythroid differentiation during iron-deficient anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rishi, Gautam; Secondes, Eriza S; Wallace, Daniel F; Subramaniam, V Nathan

    2016-08-01

    Iron metabolism and erythropoiesis are inherently interlinked physiological processes. Regulation of iron metabolism is mediated by the iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin. Hepcidin limits the amount of iron released into the blood by binding to and causing the internalization of the iron exporter, ferroportin. A number of molecules and physiological stimuli, including erythropoiesis, are known to regulate hepcidin. An increase in erythropoietic demand decreases hepcidin, resulting in increased bioavailable iron in the blood. Transferrin receptor 2 (TFR2) is involved in the systemic regulation of iron metabolism. Patients and mice with mutations in TFR2 develop hemochromatosis due to inappropriate hepcidin levels relative to body iron. Recent studies from our laboratory and others have suggested an additional role for TFR2 in response to iron-restricted erythropoiesis. These studies used mouse models with perturbed systemic iron metabolism: anemic mice lacking matriptase-2 and Tfr2, or bone marrow transplants from iron-loaded Tfr2 null mice. We developed a novel transgenic mouse model which lacks Tfr2 in the hematopoietic compartment, enabling the delineation of the role of Tfr2 in erythroid development without interfering with its role in systemic iron metabolism. We show that in the absence of hematopoietic Tfr2 immature polychromatic erythroblasts accumulate with a concordant reduction in the percentage of mature erythroid cells in the spleen and bone marrow of anemic mice. These results demonstrate that erythroid Tfr2 is essential for an appropriate erythropoietic response in iron-deficient anemia. These findings may be of relevance in clinical situations in which an immediate and efficient erythropoietic response is required. Am. J. Hematol. 91:812-818, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27169626

  10. Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Urban and Rural Households toward Iron Deficiency Anemia in three Provinces of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Heshmat

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Lack of nutritional knowledge is one of the most important reasons of nutritional problems and consequently im­proper practice, which can lead to several complications. This study has been designed in order to compare knowledge, at­ti­tude and practices of the urban and rural households regarding iron deficiency anemia (IDA in Boushehr, Golestan and Sis­tan & Balouchestan provinces in 2004."nMethods: The sampling method at household's level in each province was the single-stage cluster sampling with equal size clus­ters. The necessary data were gathered with a structured questionnaire and via the interviews between the questioners and the eligible people in each household. Comparison of frequency of variables between urban and rural areas were tested by chi square test."nResults: A total of 2306 households were selected as overall sample size. In urban areas, people recognized iron food sources better than rural areas. Knowledge level of respondents about vulnerable group for IDA and the favorite attitude of house­holds toward IDA were better in urban areas of Sistan & Blouchestan and Golestan provinces. In Sistan & Ba­louchestan and Golestan, rural households who drank tea immediately before or after meal was more than urban ones. The ma­jor­ity of preg­nant and lactating mothers (except for rural areas of Bushehr did not take iron supplement regularly. Less than 60 percent of children used iron drop regularly."nConclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and practice levels of households toward IDA were not acceptable. One of the best ways of improving nutritional practice is nutritional education with focus on applying available food resources.

  11. Iron deficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Morten; Bosselmann, Helle; Gaborit, Freja;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Both iron deficiency (ID) and cardiovascular biomarkers are associated with a poor outcome in heart failure (HF). The relationship between different cardiovascular biomarkers and ID is unknown, and the true prevalence of ID in an outpatient HF clinic is probably overlooked. OBJECTIVES...... understand iron metabolism in elderly HF patients....

  12. Evaluation of the effect of LED radiation in the repair of skin wounds on the dorsum of rats with iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Susana Carla Pires Sampaio; de Carvalho Monteiro, Juliana Santos; dos Santos Aciole, Gilberth Tadeu; DeCastro, Isabele Cardoso V.; Menezes, Diego Silva; de Fátima Lima Ferreira, Maria; dos Santos, Jean Nunes; Zanin, Fátima; Barbosa Pinheiro, Antônio Luiz

    2010-05-01

    Iron deficiency anemia causes reduction on the level of hemoglobin and of the number of RBC and affects around 35% of the human population. Laser and LED therapies have been successfully used on wound healing studies. The aim of the present study was to assess histologically the effect of LED Phototherapy on the healing of cutaneous wounds on anemic rats. Fifty one 21 days old male wistar rats weighting around 50 g were kept under iron free die (Sem ferro-AIN93-G) during 15 days in order to induce anemia. Non treated animals acted as controls. A standartized cutaneous wound was created on the dorsum of each animal whom were distributed into four groups: Group I—Anemia+LED, Group II—Non anemic+LED, Group III—Anemia+no treatment, Group IV—No anemic+no-treatment. Irradiation started immediately after surgery and repeated at 48 h intervals during 21 days. Animal death occurred after 7, 14 and 21 days after wounding. The results of the histologic analysis showed that LED Phototherapy stimulated fibroblastic proliferation. It is concluded that LED irradiation improves wound healing on iron deficient anemic animals.

  13. Intestinal Bacterial Flora that Compete on the Haem Precursor Iron Fumarate in Iron Deficiency Anemia Cases

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    Selim, S. A. H.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Aims: The study focused on finding if there is any possible relation between the intestinal bacterial population quantitative and qualitative and the deficiency of the most important iron compounds as haem precursors. Methodology and Results: Blood complete picture and stool analyses were done to 750 volunteer cases whom were asked for these analyses by their physicians. Analyses proved that 560 cases representing 75.2 % were anemic as the RBC(s based on counts of the total studied cases of less than 263 x 104 and the haemoglobin amount ranged between 7.2 and 11.3 g/dl, while the remainder 24.8 % of the volunteer sample was not anemic. A high male/female ratio ofanemic cases, 1:27 was also documented. Considering that all the studied stool samples should be completely free from any parasites or any other anemia-related diseases was a priority. Bacteriological analysis of stool samples of the anemic cases resulted in the detection of high counts of total viable bacteria, exceeded 42 x 109 cfu/g, while it was never more than 26 x 106 cfu/g and decreased to 4 x 106 cfu/g in many cases in this study. Identifying of the 361 bacterial isolates, were found to belong to 12 genera and 19 species, 6 of them; Pseudomonas putrefaciens, Micrococcus luteus, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilus and Bacillus coagulans , were found and in high counts in the stool samples of only anemic cases. The ability of these isolates to compete for iron compounds such as ferrous fumarate alone or with glucose and phytate as activators or inhibitors to these abilities was investigated. Results proved 11 species out of the 19 identified species are capable to use and compete on ferrous fumarate as a haemprecursor. Sensitivity test for the representatives of the 19 species and 6 of the most commonly used antibiotics in the Egyptian pharmacy, using standard disc method, revealed variable susceptibilities of almost all of them to more than one of

  14. The health education to the elderly with iron-deficiency anemia%社区老年人缺铁性贫血的健康教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李少玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the preventive measure of the elderly patients with iron-deficiency anemia and promote the recovery of them through the health education.Methods 176 cases of the elderly patients with iron- deficiency anemia from the out- patient department and communities have been collected.Among them, 45 cases belonged to simple anemia and 131 cases belonged to secondary anemia.A health knowledge questionnaire was made and analyzed before carrying out the health education or visiting randomly.Results Through teaching and using ferrotherapy, the symptom of simple anemia disappeared after it was checked again 3 months later.The hemoglobin became normal again and the clinical symptom of the secondary anemia has been improved.Conclusion We should aim at the cause or induced factors for the elderly with iron- deficiency anemia and lead them to establish a scientific living style and balanced diet to prevent and improve anemia and even the living quality.%目的 通过对社区老年缺铁性贫血患者的健康教育指导,探讨其预防以及促进康复的有效措施.方法 收集医院门诊、社区缺铁性贫血老年病例176例,其中45例为单纯性铁营养缺乏,131例为继发性缺铁性贫血,自制健康知识问卷调查表,分别在实施健康教育前和随访时对相关知识进行调查问卷统计并予以分析.结果 经教育指导和加用铁剂治疗,单纯性的缺铁性贫血3个月后复查症状消失,血红蛋白基本恢复正常,继发性的临床症状得到改善.结论 针对老年缺铁性贫血病因及诱发因素,指导患者建立科学的生活方式及合理饮食习惯,可预防和纠正贫血,提高生活质量.

  15. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single dose intravenous iron carboxymaltose verses multidose iron sucrose in post-partum cases of severe iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urvashi Verma

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide. Anemia is the most common treatable, direct/indirect cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries like India. Methods: 100 cases with iron deficiency anemia in post-partum patient were selected from postpartum wards and assigned in two groups of 50 each. In group A iron carboxymaltose injection administered by intravenous infusion up to a maximum single dose of 20 ml of iron carboxymaltose injection (1000 mg of iron. In group B Iron sucrose was given as 200mg elemental iron (2 ampules of 5 ml in 100ml of 0.9% normal saline infusion over 1 5 min alternate days up to 5 days. All patients were monitored for rise in hemoglobin level and any adverse effect at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks of iron therapy. Results: In group A mean Hemoglobin level rise is 3.95 g/dl and in group B it is 3.32 g/dl at 4 weeks of initial therapy. In group A 100% cases achieved target hemoglobin at 12 weeks after therapy while in group B 98% cases achieved target hemoglobin at 12 weeks after therapy. In group A 12% cases have grade 1 adverse reaction while in group B 20% cases have adverse reaction. Conclusions: Administration of intravenous iron has a good clinical result, with minimum adverse reactions. Thus we can conclude that intravenous ferric carboxymaltose therapy is safe, convenient, more effective and faster acting than intravenous iron sucrose for treatment of severe iron deficiency anemia in postpartum patient. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(2.000: 442-446

  16. To study prevalence of incipient iron deficiency in primary hypothyroidism

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    Tanveer Hassan Banday

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: Iron deficiency was present in a significant portion of patients with primary hypothyroidism. It also concluded that frequency of iron deficiency (with or without anemia was higher than iron deficiency anemia. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(2.000: 472-475

  17. Maresin 1 ameliorates iron-deficient anemia in IL-10-/- mice with spontaneous colitis by the inhibition of hepcidin expression though the IL-6/STAT3 pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Honggang; Shi, Peiliang; Huang, Chuanjiang; Liu, Qinghong

    2016-01-01

    Background: Approximately 50% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) suffer from anemia, which is prevalently caused by iron deficiency. Maresin 1 (MaR1) is a novel docosahexaenoic acid-derived pro-resolving agent that promotes the resolution of inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of MaR1 on iron-deficient anemia in IL-10 knockout (IL-10-/-) mice with spontaneous chronic colitis. Methods: IL-10-/- mice of 16 weeks of age with established colitis were used for the experiments with MaR1 treatment for 2 weeks. Histologic injury, CD4+ lymphocyte values in the lamina propria, blood hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum iron concentrations, transferrin saturation, splenic iron stores, levels of inflammatory cytokines, expression of liver hepcidin mRNA, and western blotting of STAT3 were analyzed in this study. Results: MaR1 treatment (0.3 ng/mouse) effectively attenuated histological colitis typically associated with decreased CD4+ lymphocytes in the lamina propria as well as the concentrations of MPO, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-17 (Piron, transferrin saturation and splenic iron stores were found in IL-10-/- mice after MaR1 treatment (Piron-deficient anemia by reducing colonic inflammation and inhibiting hepcidin expression though the IL-6/STAT3 pathway. PMID:27398158

  18. A new iron free treatment with oral fish cartilage polysaccharide for iron deficiency chronic anemia in inflammatory bowel diseases: A pilot study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrea Belluzzi; Giulia Roda; Francesca Tonon; Antonio Soleti; Alessandra Caponi; Anna Tuci; Aldo Roda; Enrico Roda

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of a new oral preparation, highly concentrated in fish cartilage, in a group of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) patients with chronic iron deficient anemia.METHODS: In an open label pilot study, we supplemented a group of 25 patients (11 with Crohn's disease and 14 with ulcerative colitis) in stable clinical conditions and chronic anemia with a food supplement which does not contain iron but contains a standardized fraction of fish cartilage glycosaminoglycans and a mixture of antioxidants (Captafer Medestea, Turin, Italy). Patients received 500 mg, twice a day during meals, for at least 4 mo. Patients were suggested to maintain their alimentary habit. At time 0 and after 2 and 4 mo, emocrome, sideremia and ferritin were examined. Paired data were analyzed with Student's t test.RESULTS: Three patients relapsed during the study (2 in the 3rt mo, 1 in the 4th mo), two patients were lost to follow up and two patients dropped out (1 for orticaria, 1 for gastric burning). Of the remaining 18 patients, levels of serum iron started to rapidly increase within the 2nd mo of treatment, P < 0.05), whereas serum ferritin and hemoglobin needed a longer period to significantly improve their serum levels (mo 4) P < 0.05. The product was safe, easy to administer and well tolerated by patients.CONCLUSION: These data suggest a potential new treatment for IBD patients with iron deficiency chronic anemia and warrant further larger controlled studies.

  19. Absolute Reticulocyte Count and Reticulocyte Hemoglobin Content as Predictors of Early Response to Exclusive Oral Iron in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Emilia Parodi; Maria Teresa Giraudo; Fulvio Ricceri; Maria Luigia Aurucci; Raffaela Mazzone; Ugo Ramenghi

    2016-01-01

    We report data regarding kinetic of response to oral iron in 34 iron deficiency anemia children. Twenty-four/34 patients (70.5%) reached reference value of hemoglobin (Hb) concentration for age and sex at day + 30 from the beginning of treatment (complete early responders (CERs)), and 4/34 (12%) reached an Hb concentration at least 50% higher than the original (partial early responders (PERs)). CHr at T1 (within 7 days from the beginning of treatment) was significantly different in the differ...

  20. Efficacy, Tolerability, and Acceptability of Iron Hydroxide Polymaltose Complex versus Ferrous Sulfate: A Randomized Trial in Pediatric Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Emin Unuvar; Leyla Agaoglu; Beril Yasa

    2011-01-01

    Iron polymaltose complex (IPC) offers similar efficacy with superior tolerability to ferrous sulfate in adults, but randomized trials in children are rare. In a prospective, open-label, 4-month study, 103 children aged >6 months with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were randomized to IPC once daily or ferrous sulfate twice daily, (both 5 mg iron/kg/day). Mean increases in Hb to months 1 and 4 with IPC were 1.2 ± 0.9 g/dL and 2.3 ± 1.3 g/dL, respectively, (both P = 0.001 versus baseline) and 1.8 ...

  1. 重视儿童缺铁性贫血的防治%Prevention of iron deficiency anemia in infants and children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊; 黎海芪

    2008-01-01

    @@ Deficiencies of iron, vitamin A, and iodine are the three most common nutritional diseases affecting children's health around the world. Deficiencies of vitamin A and iodine can be prevented through dietary adjustment or fortification strategies. However, the treatment for iron deficiency (ID) is complex, since it might be caused by a number of factors that decrease the biological activity and absorption of iron; and the iron status of the body can not be evaluated simply by iron intake. Patients with ID can develop anemia in weeks or months when the iron stores are depleted.

  2. Assessment of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of Helicobacter pylori-associated iron deficiency and anemia in children with dyspeptic symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Aziz Awad, Mohiee El-Deen; Amin, Saleh Mohamed; Abdou, Saied Mohamed

    2014-12-01

    This study assessed the diagnostic approaches of Helicobacter pylori (IP)-associated iron deficiency (ID) and anemia (IDA) in children with dyspeptic symptoms and evaluated the effect of simultaneous anti-H. pylori (anti-HIP) therapy and oral iron in comparison with each of anti? HP therapy and oral iron therapy alone, on iron status as assessed by serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) level. Two hundreds children with dyspeptic symptoms were subjected to clinical evaluation, stool examination, CBC, biochemical assays for serum iron parameters and measurements of serum IgG antibodies to HP and serum sTfR level by ELISA. Sixty children were found to have HP. associated ID or IDA and were randomly divided into 3 groups (20 children each). GA received 2-week anti-HP therapy plus 90-day oral iron, and GB received 2-week anti-HP therapy alone whereas group C received 90-day oral iron alone. Re-evaluation of the 3 groups was performed after 3 months of treatment initiation by repeat CBC and serum sTfR level. Children (45%) were HP-seropositive. The mean values of serum sTfR were significantly higher in HP-positive group and in HP-positive children with IDA than in HP-negative group and in HP-negative children with IDA although no significant differences were noted in hematologic variables and iron parameters between the corresponding groups and children. As regard treatment groups, there were significant improvements in the mean values of indices of IDA status (HIb, MCH, MCV, sTfR) and ID status (sTtRi) at 3 months of treatment initiation compared with their baseline values after. anti-HP triple therapy either with oral iron or without oral iron whereas the control children who were treated with oral iron alone showed insignificant changes despite oral iron administration. The improvements in these parameters were significantly greater in groups of children who received anti-HP therapy either combined with iron or alone, where compared with those who did not receive

  3. Magnetic resonance imaging repercussions of intravenous iron products used for iron-deficiency anemia and dialysis-associated anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rostoker, Guy; Cohen, Yves

    2014-01-01

    During the past 2 decades, routine use of recombinant erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) has enabled anemia to be corrected in dialysis patients, thereby improving their quality of life and permitting better outcomes. As successful use of ESA requires sufficient available iron, almost all end-stage renal disease patients on ESA now receive concomitant parenteral iron therapy. Radiologists must be aware that iron overload among dialysis patients is now an increasingly recognized clinical situation in the ESA era yet was previously considered rare. The KDIGO Controversies Conference on Iron Management in Chronic Kidney Disease, which took place in San Francisco on March 27 to 30, 2014, recognized the entity of iron overload in hemodialysis patients and called for an agenda of research on this topic, especially by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).It is therefore very likely that radiologists will be heavily solicited in the future by nephrology teams requesting quantitative hepatic MRI in dialysis patients, both for research purposes and for diagnosis and follow-up of iron overload. Radiologists should be aware of the marked differences in the pharmacological properties of available intravenous iron products and their potential interference with MRI. Specific MRI protocols need to be established in radiology divisions for each pharmaceutical iron product, especially for treated dialysis patients. PMID:25229202

  4. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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  7. 小儿营养性缺铁性贫血的临床分析%To Explore the Clinical Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia of Infantile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田秀华

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析小儿营养缺铁性贫血情况。方法回顾性总结90例小儿营养缺铁性贫血患者临床资料,分析其临床发病特点和相关危险因素。结果61.11%儿童营养缺铁性贫血年龄为7个月~1岁;农村儿童多于城市儿童;纯母乳喂养未添加辅食儿童易患缺血性贫血。结论7个月~1岁属于小儿营养缺铁性贫血高发期,应该及时预防、诊断、治疗,降低该病发生率。%Objective To analyze nutritional iron deficiency anemia of infantile.Methods Selected 90 cases nutritional iron deficiency anemia of infantile with clinical data retrospective summary, analysis the clinical characteristics and related risk factors. Results 61.11% of nutritional iron deifciency anemia children at age 7 months to 1 year old, Rural children more than city children, exclusive breastfeeding not add side dish was susceptible to ischemic anemia.Conclusion 7 months to 1 year old belongs to infantile nutritional iron deifciency anemia intensiifes period, prevention timely, diagnosis, treatment and reduce the incidence of the disease.

  8. To Explore the Clinical Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia of Infantile%小儿营养性缺铁性贫血的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田秀华

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze nutritional iron deficiency anemia of infantile.Methods Selected 90 cases nutritional iron deficiency anemia of infantile with clinical data retrospective summary, analysis the clinical characteristics and related risk factors. Results 61.11% of nutritional iron deifciency anemia children at age 7 months to 1 year old, Rural children more than city children, exclusive breastfeeding not add side dish was susceptible to ischemic anemia.Conclusion 7 months to 1 year old belongs to infantile nutritional iron deifciency anemia intensiifes period, prevention timely, diagnosis, treatment and reduce the incidence of the disease.%目的:分析小儿营养缺铁性贫血情况。方法回顾性总结90例小儿营养缺铁性贫血患者临床资料,分析其临床发病特点和相关危险因素。结果61.11%儿童营养缺铁性贫血年龄为7个月~1岁;农村儿童多于城市儿童;纯母乳喂养未添加辅食儿童易患缺血性贫血。结论7个月~1岁属于小儿营养缺铁性贫血高发期,应该及时预防、诊断、治疗,降低该病发生率。

  9. Effect of sequential versus standard Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy on the associated iron deficiency anemia in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Said Ali Habib

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: There is no significant difference in H. pylori eradication rates between sequential and standard therapies in children. Moreover, no significant relationship was found between eradication therapy and serum ferritin. Further studies enrolling more markers of iron deficiency are required to precisely assess this relationship.

  10. Iron deficiency anemia in Tarahumara women of reproductive-age in Northern Mexico Anemia ferropriva en mujeres tarahumaras, en edad fértil, del norte de México

    OpenAIRE

    Joel Monárrez-Espino; Homero Martínez; Ted Greiner

    2001-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among Tarahumara women of reproductive age. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a representative sample of 481 women aged 12-49 years, residents of Guachochi Municipality, Chihuahua, from June to September 1998. The hemoglobin (Hb) level was measured in capillary blood using the Hemocue technique, and the serum ferritin level in capillary serum spotted on filter paper, in a sub-sample of women. ...

  11. Nutritional iron deficiency anemia: magnitude and its predictors among school age children, southwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amare Desalegn

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is a global public health problem among school age children, which retards psychomotor development and impairs cognitive performance. There is limited data on prevalence and risk factors for IDA.The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and predictors of nutritional IDA in school age children in Southwest Ethiopia.A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia from April to July 2013. A total of 616 school children aged 6 to 12 years were included in the study using multistage sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data. Five milliliter venous blood was collected from each child for hematological examinations. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level lower than 11.5 g/dl and 12 g/dl for age group of 5-11 years and 12-15 years, respectively. Iron deficiency anemia was defined when serum iron and ferritin levels are below 10 µmol/l and 15 µg/dl, respectively. Moreover, fresh stool specimen was collected for diagnosis of intestinal parasitic infection. Stained thick and thin blood films were examined for detection of Plasmodium infection and study of red blood cell morphology. Dietary patterns of the study subjects were assessed using food frequency questionnaire and anthropometric measurements were done. Data were analyzed using SPSS V-20.0 for windows.Overall, prevalence of anemia was 43.7%, and that of IDA was 37.4%. Not-consuming protein source foods [AOR = 2.30, 95%CI(1.04,5.14], not-consuming dairy products [AOR = 1.83, 95%CI(1.14,5.14], not-consuming discretionary calories [AOR = 2.77, 95%CI(1.42,5.40], low family income [AOR = 6.14, 95%CI(2.90,12.9] and intestinal parasitic infections [AOR = 1.45, 95%CI(1.23, 5. 27] were predictors of IDA.Iron deficiency anemia is a moderate public health problem in the study site. Dietary deficiencies and intestinal parasitic infections were

  12. Pregnancy Outcome of Iron-deficiency Anemia in Third Trimester%妊娠晚期缺铁性贫血对妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范晓东; 王如; 常闻艳

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨妊娠晚期缺铁性贫血对产妇和新生儿的影响,提出相应预防措施。方法:按照2013年《妇产科学》第8版对妊娠期缺铁性贫血诊断的最新分类,回顾性分析421例妊娠晚期缺铁性贫血患者(其中轻度贫血组368例,重度贫血组53例)和同期入院的正常产妇(对照组500例)。对比分析3组研究对象的产后出血率、剖宫产率、产钳助产率、羊水过少发生率、羊水污染率、胎儿窘迫率、新生儿窒息率、低体质量儿出生率。结果:重度贫血组产后出血率、剖宫产率、羊水污染率、胎儿窘迫率、新生儿窒息发生率,低体质量儿出生率高于轻度贫血组和对照组(均P<0.05)。轻度贫血组羊水污染发生率,胎儿窘迫率,低体质量儿出生率高于对照组(均P<0.05)。3组患者产钳助产率和羊水过少发生率差异无统计学意义(均P>0.05)。结论:妊娠期缺铁性贫血对产科妊娠结局有不良影响,应加强妊娠期贫血的防治。%Objective:To study the influence on pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and infants,and put forward the corresponding preventive measures. Methods:According to the diagnosis of anemia in the eighth edition of Obstetrics and Gynecology, retrospective analysis of 421 patients with iron deficiency anemia in late pregnancy [368 patients with moderate iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and 53 patients with severe IDA] and 500 patients without IDA (control group). Analysis of three groups of rate of postpartum hemorrhage and cesarean section and obstetrical forceps delivery ,incidence of oligohydramnios and amniotic fluid pollution ,rate of fetal distress and neonatal asphyxia , low neonatal birth weight. Results:The rates of postpartum hemorrhage,cesarean section,amniotic fluid pollution,fetal distress,neonatal asphyxia and low neonatal birth weight in severe IDA group are higher than the rates in moderate IDA

  13. Are extrinsic black stains of teeth iron-saturated bovine lactoferrin and a sign of iron deficient anemia or iron overload?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesonjesi, Ilir

    2012-08-01

    Extrinsic black stains on teeth are shown to have a relation with a low incidence of caries and are made of a ferric compound. Whole composition and why those stains are formed are not fully understood. Studies have shown low incidence of caries in individuals eating cheese. Lactoferrin is the major iron-binding protein, constituent of milk, stays almost intact during cheese making and has antibacterial activity against dental cavity-inducing Streptococcus mutans. Lactoferrin has a high affinity for iron and whenever it is present it will bind iron and release it only in values of pHblack stains on teeth eat >50 g of cheese per day and a good number of them, in addition to cheese, drink one cup of milk per day. Cheese stays much longer in contact with tooth surface than does' milk and bovine lactoferrin has four glycan chains that may contribute to a better adherence. Extrinsic black stains are made of a ferric compound, and people that eat good amounts of cheese (where lactoferrin plays a central role) show to have black stains. Iron must be in sufficient amounts in saliva so that lactoferrin can bind it and as a result making the black stains appear. In iron deficient anemia and in iron overload the concentration of iron present in saliva is much higher than in individuals with no anemia. In conclusion, extrinsic black stains of teeth may be iron-saturated bovine lactoferrin and a sign of iron deficient anemia or iron overload if no iron supplements are taken or individuals have no frequent gingival bleeding. PMID:22632844

  14. Influence of Iron Deficiency Anemia on the Toddlers Sleep of Infants%缺铁性贫血对婴幼儿睡眠的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰

    2012-01-01

    缺铁性贫血(IDA)是婴幼儿最常见营养缺乏性疾病之一.IDA患病高峰期与睡眠-觉醒模式形成期一致,而睡眠及睡眠-觉醒模式对婴幼儿脑功能、认知、神经运动及气质的发育形成等具有重要作用.IDA婴幼儿睡眠具有夜间睡眠时间缩短、夜醒次数增加及脑电睡眠记录中的睡眠纺锤波、快速眼动睡眠(REM)异常等,对婴幼儿睡眠质量的影响具有长期效应.作者拟就IDA与婴幼儿睡眠及其可能机制的研究进展,综述如下.%Iron deficiency anemia (IDA ) is one of the most common nutritional diseases in early childhood . The peak time of iron deficiency is the period for the sleep-wake patterns to form and mature in infant. Sleep and sleep-wake pattern play an important role in the infant development , such as brain function, cognition, neuromotor and temperament . Numerous studies have confirmed that infants suffering from IDA exist sleep disorders, such as less night sleep time, more night waking times, and the electroencephalogram (EEG ) records of sleep spindles and rapid eye movement sleep (REM ) disorders , and these impacts last for a long time. This paper reviewed recent research on the progress of the relationship between iron deficiency and infants and toddlers sleep , and the possible mechanism .

  15. A double burden of overall or central adiposity and anemia or iron deficiency is prevalent but with little socioeconomic patterning among Moroccan and Tunisian urban women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartner, Agnès; El Ati, Jalila; Traissac, Pierre; Bour, Abdellatif; Berger, Jacques; Landais, Edwige; El Hsaïni, Houda; Ben Rayana, Chiheb; Delpeuch, Francis

    2014-01-01

    In North Africa, overnutrition has dramatically increased with the nutrition transition while micronutrient deficiencies persist, resulting in clustering of opposite types of malnutrition that can present a unique difficulty for public health interventions. We assessed the magnitude of the double burden of malnutrition among urban Moroccan and Tunisian women, as defined by the coexistence of overall or central adiposity and anemia or iron deficiency (ID), and explored the sociodemographic patterning of individual double burden. In cross-sectional surveys representative of the region around the capital city, we randomly selected 811 and 1689 nonpregnant women aged 20-49 y in Morocco and Tunisia, respectively. Four double burdens were analyzed: overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2)) or increased risk abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥80 cm) and anemia (blood hemoglobin education groups. Generally, the rare, associated sociodemographic factors varied across the 4 subject-level double burdens and the 2 countries and differed from those usually associated with adiposity, anemia, or ID. Any double burden combining adiposity and anemia or ID should therefore be taken into consideration in all women. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01844349. PMID:24198310

  16. Efficacy and safety of total dose infusion of low molecular weight iron dextran in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the efficacy and safety of Total Dose Infusion (TDI) of low molecular weight iron dextran for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia compared to oral iron replacement during pregnancy through improvement in hemoglobin (Hb) after intervention. Non-randomized control trial. A group of 100 pregnant women with gestational age greater than 12 weeks with confirmed diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia attending the antenatal clinics were enrolled in this study. Total dose iron infusion of low molecular iron dextran was given to these patients after calculating iron deficit, in a monitored in-patient setting. Control comprised of a second group of 50 pregnant females matched for age, parity and baseline hemoglobin, tolerant to oral iron supplementation (ferrous sulphate 200 mg three times a day) attending the antenatal clinics during the same period. Post-treatment hemoglobin levels of study group as well as the oral control group were determined between 3 to 4 weeks. In the intervention group, mean pre-infusion hemoglobin level was 8.57 +- 0.9 gm/dl (range 5-10.5 gm/dl) and mean post-infusion Hb was 11.0 +- 1.1 (range 8.4-14.3 gm/dl). In control group, mean pre-oral intake Hb level was 9.5 +- 0.9 gm/dl (range 7-10.5 gm/dl) and mean post-oral intake Hb was 10.2 +- 1.2 gm/dl (range 6.4-12.8 gm/dl). Mean increase of Hb in intervention group was 2.43 gm/dl (95% CI 2.4 - 3.8) and for controls it was 0.7 gm/dl (95% CI 0.6-2.3). Flushing and palpitations were observed in 4% of interventional group patients and none in the control group. No significant adverse reactions were observed in either group. We conclude that the total parenteral iron replacement with low molecular weight iron dextran is an effective and safe method for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in a selected group of pregnant women. (author)

  17. EVALUATION OF INTRAVENOUS IRON VERSUS ORAL IRON IN MANAGEMENT OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO BODY IRON STORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Anemia is the most common Nutritional deficiency di sorder in the World. Iron-deficient anemia (IDA is responsible for 95% o f anemia during pregnancy. Parenteral iron is a useful treatment, although iro n dextran use decreased due to anaphylaxis. Iron sucrose is a newer agent that has overcome the shortcomings of iron dextran. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy an d tolerance of intravenous iron sucrose (IVIS therapy with oral iron (OI therapy in pregnant women with IDA with specific emphasis on body iron stores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized clinical trial included 100 pregnant women between < 32 weeks with established IDA who were treated with IVIS or OI (ferrous ascorbate. All patients we re monitored for laboratory response and adverse effects. Independent sample- t test was used for statistical analysis. P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Although hemoglobin increased in both the groups, in crease in the reticulocyte count and percentage increase in hemoglobin was significantly higher in the IVIS group than in the OI group. Serum ferritin was s ignificantly higher in the IVIS group than in the OI group ( P = 0.000. The IVIS group had no major side-effects. Compliance was good with OI, although majority had gastrointestinal side-eff ects. CONCLUSION: IVIS is safe and effective in the treatment of IDA during pregnancy. Iron store s increased better with IVIS compared with OI

  18. Analysis of Iron-deficiency Anemia in Pregnant Women%妊娠期妇女缺铁性贫血分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜招嫦; 曹渊; 陈艳丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia in pregnant women, main influence factors of anemia in pregnancy and the influences of anemia on pregnancy outcomes. Methods Using the Automated hematology analyzer to detect the concentration of hemoglobin (Hb), Red blood cells (RBC), and measured the MCV, MCH and MCHC. Moreover, the serum fer itin was calculated by chemiluminescence. Results The occur ence of the anemia in pregnant women is 66.7%, it increased with the development of pregnancy. Conclusion It is necessary to enhance the perinatal health care and scientific diet formulation is a useful step to prevent the anemia in pregnant women.%目的:了解孕妇缺铁性贫血与孕周期关系及影响贫血发生的因素,并提出预防措施。方法使用全自动血液分析仪检测血红蛋白(Hb)、红细胞(RBC)的含量,并计算平均红细胞体积(MCV),平均红细胞血红蛋白含量(MCH),平均红细胞血红蛋白浓度(MCHC)。使用化学发光仪检测血清铁蛋白的含量。结果妊娠期缺铁性贫血发生率为66.7%,随着孕周的进展贫血发生率增高,常规的贫血治疗加上科学的营养指导是纠正孕期贫血的有效形式。结论应加强围产保健,科学合理的膳食调配是防治贫血的有效措施。

  19. Iron deficiency in the tropics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, A F

    1982-06-01

    Iron in food is classified as belonging to the haem pool, the nonhaem pool, and extraneous sources. Haem iron is derived from vegetable and animal sources with varying bioavailability. Hookworm infestation of the intestinal tract affects 450 million people in the tropics. Schistosoma mansoni caused blood loss in 7 Egyptian patients of 7.5- 25.9 ml/day which is equivalent to a daily loss of iron of .6-7.3 mg daily urinary loss of iron in 9 Egyptian patients. Trichuris trichiura infestation by whipworm is widespread in children with blood loss of 5 ml/day/worm. The etiology of anemia in children besides iron deficiency includes malaria, bacterial or viral infections, folate deficiency and sickle-cell disease. Severe infections cause profound iron-deficiency anemia in children in central American and Malaysia. Plasmodium falciparum malaria-induced anaemia in tropical Africa lowers the mean haemoglobin concentration in the population by 2 g/dI, causing profound anaemia in some. The increased risk of premature delivery, low birthweight, fetal abnormalities, and fetal death is directly related to the degree of maternal anemia. Perinatal mortality was reduced from 38 to 4% in treated anemic mothers. Mental performance was significantly lower in anemic school children and improved after they received iron. Supplements of iron, soy-protein, calcium, and vitamins given to villagers with widespread malnutrition, iron deficiency, and hookworm infestation in Colombia reduced enteric infections in children. Severe iron-deficiency anemia was treated in adults in northern Nigeria by daily in Ferastral 10 ml, which is equivalent to 500 mg of iron per day. Choloroquine, folic acid, rephenium hydroxynaphthoate, and tetrachlorethylene treat adults with severe iron deficiency from hookworm infestation in rural tropical Africa. Blood transfusion is indicated if the patient is dying of anaemia or is pregnant with a haemoglobin concentration 6 gm/dl. In South East Asia, mg per day

  20. Association between Iron Deficiency Anemia and Febrile Convulsion in 3- to 60-Month-Old Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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    Narges Habibian

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Controversy exists regarding the association between Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA, iron status, and Febrile Convulsion (FC during childhood. In this article, a systematic review and meta-analysis is conducted in order to determine possible association and the degree of association between these statuses and FC. To identify all studies related to IDA and FC, various references such as MEDLINE (PubMed, Embase (OVID, Web of sciences (Thomson Reuters and Google scholar were searched (up until 15 January 2013. Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q statistic, Tau2, and I2. Additionally, subgroup analyses were performed. The outcome of primary interest was the overall Odds Ratio (OR of FC for IDA and standard mean differences (SMD of ferritin level. In total, 21 articles were considered to assess the association between IDA and FC. Anemia was more prevalent among the FC patients compared with the controls and the overall OR was 1.52 (95% CI=1.03 to 2.25. In addition, the pooled OR for 17 studies performed in the populations with low and moderate prevalence of anemia was 2.04 (95% CI=1.46 to 2.85. Furthermore, 12 studies assessed the association between the ferritin level and FC. The overall SMD was -0.02 with a 95% CI of -0.09 to 0.06. Besides, the pooled SMD of ferritin was -0.57 (95% CI=-0.7 to -0.46 in 6 studies reporting no difference between the FC and the control group with respect to temperature. IDA was associated with a moderate increased risk of FC in children, particularly in the areas with low and moderate prevalence of anemia.

  1. Association between Iron Deficiency Anemia and Febrile Convulsion in 3- to 60-Month-Old Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibian, Narges; Alipour, Abbas; Rezaianzadeh, Abbas

    2014-11-01

    Controversy exists regarding the association between Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA), iron status, and Febrile Convulsion (FC) during childhood. In this article, a systematic review and meta-analysis is conducted in order to determine possible association and the degree of association between these statuses and FC. To identify all studies related to IDA and FC, various references such as MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase (OVID), Web of sciences (Thomson Reuters) and Google scholar were searched (up until 15 January 2013). Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q statistic, Tau(2), and I(2). Additionally, subgroup analyses were performed. The outcome of primary interest was the overall Odds Ratio (OR) of FC for IDA and standard mean differences (SMD) of ferritin level. In total, 21 articles were considered to assess the association between IDA and FC. Anemia was more prevalent among the FC patients compared with the controls and the overall OR was 1.52 (95% CI=1.03 to 2.25). In addition, the pooled OR for 17 studies performed in the populations with low and moderate prevalence of anemia was 2.04 (95% CI=1.46 to 2.85). Furthermore, 12 studies assessed the association between the ferritin level and FC. The overall SMD was -0.02 with a 95% CI of -0.09 to 0.06. Besides, the pooled SMD of ferritin was -0.57 (95% CI=-0.7 to -0.46) in 6 studies reporting no difference between the FC and the control group with respect to temperature. IDA was associated with a moderate increased risk of FC in children, particularly in the areas with low and moderate prevalence of anemia. PMID:25429171

  2. A case of anemia caused by combined vitamin B12 and iron deficiency manifesting as short stature and delayed puberty

    OpenAIRE

    Seung Min Song; Keun Wook Bae; Hoi-Soo Yoon; Ho Joon Im; Jong-Jin Seo

    2010-01-01

    Anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency resulting from inadequate dietary intake is rare in children in the modern era because of improvements in nutritional status. However, such anemia can be caused by decreased ingestion or impaired absorption and/ or utilization of vitamin B12. We report the case of an 18-year-old man with short stature, prepubertal sexual maturation, exertional dyspnea, and severe anemia with a hemoglobin level of 3.3 g/dL. He had a history of small bowel resecti...

  3. [Iron deficiency in the elderly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helsen, Tuur; Joosten, Etienne

    2016-06-01

    Anemia is a common diagnosis in the geriatric population, especially in institutionalized and hospitalized elderly. Most common etiologies for anemia in elderly people admitted to a geriatric ward are iron-deficiency anemia and anemia associated with chronic disease.Determination of serum ferritin is the most used assay in the differential diagnosis, despite low sensitivity and moderate specificity. New insights into iron homeostasis lead to new diagnostic assays such as serum hepcidin, serum transferrin receptor and reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent.Importance of proper diagnosis and treatment for this population is large since there is a correlation between anemia and morbidity - mortality. Anemia is usually defined as hemoglobin less than 12 g/dl for women and less than 13 g/dl for men. There is no consensus for which hemoglobinvalue an investigation into underlying pathology is obligatory. This needs to be evaluated depending on functional condition of the patient. PMID:27106490

  4. Iron deficiency and cognition

    OpenAIRE

    Hulthén, Lena

    2003-01-01

    Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. One of the most worrying consequences of iron deficiency in children is the alteration of behaviour and cognitive performance. In iron-deficient children, striking behavioural changes are observed, such as reduced attention span, reduced emotional responsiveness and low scores on tests of intelligence. Animal studies on nutritional iron deficiency show effects on learning ability that parallel the human studies. Despite ...

  5. Clinical Observation on Infantile Iron-deficiency Anemia Treated with Therapy of Invigorating the Spleen and Enriching the Blood%健脾补血法治疗幼儿缺铁性贫血的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄坚明

    2000-01-01

    @@ 缺血性贫血(Iron Deficiency Anemia)是小儿常见病,采用铁剂治疗或可缓解,但往往因出现胃肠不适的副作用而终止治疗.笔者采用中医健脾补血法,治疗缺铁性贫血患儿196例,疗效满意.现报道如下:

  6. Absolute Reticulocyte Count and Reticulocyte Hemoglobin Content as Predictors of Early Response to Exclusive Oral Iron in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Parodi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We report data regarding kinetic of response to oral iron in 34 iron deficiency anemia children. Twenty-four/34 patients (70.5% reached reference value of hemoglobin (Hb concentration for age and sex at day + 30 from the beginning of treatment (complete early responders (CERs, and 4/34 (12% reached an Hb concentration at least 50% higher than the original (partial early responders (PERs. CHr at T1 (within 7 days from the beginning of treatment was significantly different in the different groups (22.95 in CERs versus 18.41 in other patients; p=0.001; 22.42 in early responders versus 18.07 in NERs; p=0.001. Relative increase of CHr from T0 to T1 resulted significantly higher in CERs than in other patients (0.21 versus 0.11, p=0.042 and in early responders than in NERs (0.22 versus 0.004, p=0.006. Multivariate logistic models revealed a higher probability of being a complete early responder due to relative increase of ARC from T0 to T1 [OR (95% CI = 44.95 (1.54–1311.98] and to CHr at T1 [OR (95% CI =3.18 (1.24–8.17]. Our preliminary data confirm CHr as early and accurate predictor of hematological response to oral iron.

  7. Absolute Reticulocyte Count and Reticulocyte Hemoglobin Content as Predictors of Early Response to Exclusive Oral Iron in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parodi, Emilia; Giraudo, Maria Teresa; Ricceri, Fulvio; Aurucci, Maria Luigia; Mazzone, Raffaela; Ramenghi, Ugo

    2016-01-01

    We report data regarding kinetic of response to oral iron in 34 iron deficiency anemia children. Twenty-four/34 patients (70.5%) reached reference value of hemoglobin (Hb) concentration for age and sex at day + 30 from the beginning of treatment (complete early responders (CERs)), and 4/34 (12%) reached an Hb concentration at least 50% higher than the original (partial early responders (PERs)). CHr at T1 (within 7 days from the beginning of treatment) was significantly different in the different groups (22.95 in CERs versus 18.41 in other patients; p = 0.001; 22.42 in early responders versus 18.07 in NERs; p = 0.001). Relative increase of CHr from T0 to T1 resulted significantly higher in CERs than in other patients (0.21 versus 0.11, p = 0.042) and in early responders than in NERs (0.22 versus 0.004, p = 0.006). Multivariate logistic models revealed a higher probability of being a complete early responder due to relative increase of ARC from T0 to T1 [OR (95% CI) = 44.95 (1.54-1311.98)] and to CHr at T1 [OR (95% CI) =3.18 (1.24-8.17)]. Our preliminary data confirm CHr as early and accurate predictor of hematological response to oral iron. PMID:27092272

  8. A review of iron deficiency anemia to diet factor%膳食因素与缺铁性贫血的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘炜; 袁宝君

    2010-01-01

    @@ 缺铁性贫血(iron deficiency anemia,IDA)是指体内用来制造血红蛋白的贮存铁耗尽,红细胞生成受到障碍时所发生的贫血,是铁缺乏症(ID)的晚期表现.全球有66%~80%的人口处于铁缺乏状态,其中一半以上为缺铁性贫血.铁缺乏症和缺铁性贫血严重影响了各年龄层次人群的精神状态、生理活动及工作能力,使机体抵抗力下降,尤其对儿童、妇女和老年人的危害较为严重 [1].目前认为,低铁生物利用率是导致IDA和ID的主要原因之一,膳食因素可显著影响铁的生物利用率.

  9. The Study of HFE Genotypes and Its Expression Effect on Iron Status of Iranian Haemochromatosis, Iron Deficiency Anemia Patients, Iron-Taker and Non Iron-Taker Controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beiranvand, Elham; Abediankenari, Saeid; Rostamian, Mosayeb; Beiranvand, Behnoush; Naazeri, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    The role of HFE gene mutations or its expression in regulation of iron metabolism of hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) patients is remained controversial. Therefore here the correlation between two common HFE genotype (p.C282Y, p.H63D) and HFE gene expression with iron status in HH, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and healthy Iranian participants was studied. For this purpose genotype determination was done by polymerase chain reaction--restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Real-Time PCR was applied for evaluation of HFE gene expression. Biochemical parameters and iron consumption were also assessed. Homozygote p.H63D mutation was seen in all HH patients and p.C282Y was not observed in any member of the population. A significant correlation was observed between serum ferritin (SF) level and gender or age of HH patients. p.H63D homozygote was seen to be able to significantly increase SF and transferrin saturation (TS) level without affecting on liver function. Our results also showed that iron consumption affects on TS level increasing. HFE gene expression level of IDA patients was significantly higher than other groups. Also the HFE gene expression was negatively correlated with TS. Finally, the main result of our study showed that loss of HFE function in HH is not derived from its gene expression inhibition and much higher HFE gene expression might lead to IDA. However we propose repeating of the study for more approval of our finding. PMID:25687342

  10. Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children under Five Years of Age in Pakistan, A Secondary Analysis of National Nutrition Survey Data 2011–2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Muhammad Atif; Black, Kirsten; Soofi, Sajid Bashir; Hussain, Imtiaz; Bhatti, Zaid; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Raynes-Greenow, Camille

    2016-01-01

    Background Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in children is a recognized public health problem that impacts adversely on child morbidity, mortality and impairs cognitive development. In Pakistan information on the true prevalence and predictors of IDA is limited. This study sought to investigate IDA in children under five years of age using data from a nationally representative stratified cross-sectional survey. Methods Secondary analysis was performed on the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011–2012. We used a pre-structured instrument to collect socio demographic and nutritional data on mothers and children. We also collected Anthropometric measurements and blood samples for micronutrient deficiencies. IDA was defined as having both haemoglobin levels of analysis was performed by applying univariate and multivariate techniques using logistic regression through SPSS. Findings A total of 7138 children aged between 6–59 months were included in the analysis. The prevalence of IDA was 33.2%. In multivariate regression analysis adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were calculated. Age flour fortification. PMID:27171139

  11. Políticas públicas para o controle da anemia ferropriva Public policies to control iron deficiency in Brazil

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    Sophia C. Szarfarc

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A anemia por deficiência de ferro configura um problema epidemiológico da maior relevância atuando nos gastos públicos de saúde, nas consequências sociais do aumento de riscos no período gestacional, na redução da produtividade e, ainda, nas consequências, em longo prazo, do desenvolvimento mental. Algumas datas marcam o envolvimento do governo brasileiro em busca de alternativas de controle da deficiência marcial: 1977 - 1ª Reunião do Ministério da Saúde (INAN, com especialistas nacionais e internacionais, para discutir perspectivas e intervenções para o controle da anemia; 1982/83 - distribuição de suplemento de ferro para a clientela do Programa de Atenção à Gestante e dosagem de hemoglobina na 1ª consulta; 1992 - assinatura de compromisso brasileiro de reduzir em 1/3 a prevalência de anemia em gestantes; 1994 - implantação do Programa de Leite Vivaleite, no estado de São Paulo, fornecendo leite fortificado com ferro a famílias com crianças até 6 anos e renda inferior a dois salários mínimos; 2002/junho 2004 - fortificação das farinhas de trigo e de milho com ferro; 2005 - programa de suplementação de ferro a lactentes; 2009/março - divulgação do resultado do levantamento de prevalência de anemia em mulheres (15-49 anos e crianças (6 - 59 meses no Brasil; 2009/agosto - foi reeditada a Portaria no 1793/GM/agosto/2009 do Ministério da Saúde, instituindo a Comissão Interinstitucional para implementação, acompanhamento e monitorização das ações de fortificação das farinhas de trigo e milho e seus subprodutos.Iron deficiency anemia is a vast epidemiologic problem evidenced by health public spending, the social consequences of increased risk in pregnancy, low production, and also by long term consequences of cognitive development. Some points in time highlight the involvement of the Brazilian government: 1977 - 1st Health Minister Meeting (INAN, with international and national specialists to

  12. Clinical Analysis of Iron Sucrose in the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia%缺铁性贫血蔗糖铁治疗的临床效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜香洲

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the onset time of iron sucrose treatment of iron deficiency anemia and improve the curative ef ect of anemia. Methods 40 cases in the treatment group with intravenous iron sucrose therapy, the control group of 40 patients with oral iron dextran for gastriccancer,a laparoscopic distal gastrectomy based treatment, 1 times weekly blood routine examination, observe the onset time of the treatment ef ect and the improvement of anemia. Results The ef ective rate of treatment group 96%L, 62%week 3 week 21%improvement of anemia, anemia, surgery for gastriccancer,a laparoscopic dista the ef ective rate of control group 82%, 1 weeks of anemia is improved by 24%, 3 week 5%improvement of anemia. Conclusion The anemia of iron sucrose can rapidly improve iron deficiency anemia, safe and ef ective.%目的观察缺铁性贫血给予蔗糖铁治疗的治疗效果。方法给予蔗糖铁治疗的治疗组40例,对照组40例口服右旋糖酐铁治疗,7d血常规检查,观察治疗效果和改善贫血的时间。结果治疗组有效率96%,62%贫血患者1w,21%贫血患者3w贫血改善,对照组有效率82%,24%贫血患者1w,5%贫血患者3w贫血改善。结论蔗糖铁治疗贫血可很快改善缺铁性贫血,有效、迅速、安全。

  13. Intravenous iron replacement therapy in eugonadal males with iron-deficiency anemia: Effects on pituitary gonadal axis and sperm parameters; A pilot study

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    Ashraf Soliman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study: To evaluate semen parameters and to assess serum FSH, LH, Testosterone (T concentrations before and 12 weeks after intravenous iron therapy (800-1200 mg elemental iron therapy - IVI in adults with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA. Materials and Methods: We studied 11 eugonadal adults with IDA, aged 40 ± 5 years, due to defective intake of iron. Anemia was diagnosed when hemoglobin (Hb was equal or below 10 g/dl. Serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC and ferritin concentrations confirmed the diagnosis of IDA. Basal serum concentrations of FSH, LH, and T were measured. Semen parameters were evaluated before and 6-7 weeks after IVI therapy. Results: After IVI therapy and correction of anemia, a significant increase of Hb from 8.1 ± 1.17 g/dL to 13.1 ± 0.7 g/dL was observed and was associated with an increase of T (from 12.22 ± 1.4 nmol/L to 15.9 ± 0.96 nmol/L; P < 0.001, FSH (from 2.82 ± 0.87 to 3.82 ± 1.08 IU/L; P = 0.007, and LH (from 2.27 ± 0.9 to 3.82 ± 1.5 IU/L; P = 0.0002. Total sperm count (TSC increased significantly from 72 ± 17.5 million/ml to 158 ± 49 million/mL (P < 0.001, rapid progressive sperm motility (RPM increased from 22 ± 9.4 to 69 ± 30 million/ml (P < 0.001, and sperms with normal morphology (NM increased from 33 ± 5 to 56 ± 7 million/ml (P < 0.001. Increment in Hb concentration was correlated significantly with LH, FSH, and T concentrations after IVI (r = 0.69 and r = 0.44, r = 0.75, respectively; P < 0.01. The increment in serum T was correlated significantly with increments in the TSC and total sperm motility and RPM (r = 0.66, 0.43, and 0.55, respectively; P < 0.001 but not with gonadotrophin levels. Conclusion: Our study proved for the first time, to our knowledge, that correction of IDA with IVI is associated with significant enhancement of sperm parameters and increased concentrations of serum LH, FSH, and T. These effects on spermatogenesis are reached by an unknown mechanism and

  14. Perinatal iron deficiency and neurocognitive development

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    Emily Clare Radlowski

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency is the most common form of nutrient deficiency worldwide. It is highly prevalent due to the limited availability of high quality food in developing countries, and poor dietary habits in industrialized countries. According to the World Health Organization, it affects nearly 2 billion people and up to 50% of women who are pregnant. Maternal anemia during pregnancy is especially burdensome to healthy neurodevelopment in the fetus because iron is needed for proper neurogenesis, development, and myelination. Maternal anemia also increases the risk of low birth weight, either due to premature birth or fetal growth restriction, which is associated with delayed neurocognitive development and even psychiatric illness. As rapid neurodevelopment continues after birth infants that received sufficient iron in utero, but that receive a low iron diet after 6 months of age, also show deficits in neurocognitive development, including impairments in learning and memory. Unfortunately, the neurocognitive complications of iron deficiency during critical pre- and postnatal periods of brain development are difficult to remedy, persisting into adulthood. Thus, preventing iron deficiency in the pre- and postnatal periods is critical as is devising new means to recapture cognitive function in individuals who experienced early iron deficiency. This review will discuss the prevalence of pre- and postnatal iron deficiency, the mechanism, and effects of iron deficiency on brain and cognitive development.

  15. A hepcidina como parâmetro bioquímico na avaliação da anemia por deficiência de ferro Hepcidin as a biochemical parameter for the assessment of iron deficiency anemia

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    Andrea dos Reis Lemos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A anemia por deficiência de ferro caracteriza-se como o mais prevalente problema nutricional em todo o mundo. Nesta revisão reuniu-se informações a respeito do metabolismo da hepcidina, avaliando-se seu valor como parâmetro bioquímico na anemia por deficiência de ferro. Realizou-se um levantamento bibliográfico nas bases de dados PUBMED e LILACS, período 2006-2010, referentes à hepcidina como um biomarcador para a regulação do metabolismo do ferro. Foram localizados 35 estudos publicados em revistas internacionais e um estudo sobre o assunto em revista nacional. A produção de hepcidina é regulada homeostaticamente pela anemia e hipóxia. Quando a oferta de oxigênio está inadequada ocorre diminuição do nível de hepcidina. Consequentemente, maior quantidade de ferro proveniente da dieta e dos estoques dos macrófagos e hepatócitos se tornam disponíveis. A hepcidina possui a função de se ligar à ferroportina, regulando a liberação do ferro para o plasma. Quando as concentrações de hepcidina estão baixas, as moléculas de ferroportina são expostas na membrana plasmática e liberam o ferro. Quando os níveis de hepcidina aumentam, a hepcidina liga-se às moléculas de ferroportina induzindo sua internalização e degradação, e o ferro liberado diminui progressivamente. Aparentemente o desenvolvimento do diagnóstico e terapia da anemia baseados no bioindicador hepcidina pode oferecer uma abordagem mais efetiva. Estudos epidemiológicos são necessários para comprovar o valor da hepcidina no diagnóstico diferencial das anemias, incluindo protocolos de amostragem para análise, com padronização similar às utilizadas em outras avaliações bioquímicas, e estabelecimento de pontos de corte para a expressão urinária e plasmática desse peptídeo.Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent nutritional problem in the world. Information on the metabolism of hepcidin and its possible significance as a biochemical

  16. Effect of Iron Deficiency on Motor Development and Cognitive Functions in Children

    OpenAIRE

    Sinan Mahir Kayiran; Berkan Gurakan

    2010-01-01

    Iron is an essential element for the human organism. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most important health problems in Turkey. Iron deficiency (ID) is more frequently seen that IDA. In developed countries, although the incidence of iron deficiency-related anemia has declined significantly, the condition still remains a health issue. Because, as with IDA, iron deficiency can lead to growth retardation in children, this is regarded as a major public health problem. Cognitive, emotion...

  17. COPPER, ZINC, VITAMIN–C AND OX IDATIVE STRESS CAN CAUSES IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN

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    M.Rajeswari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Pregnancy is precious for women it is the most memorable movement in her life. In pregnancy period the Copper, Zinc, vitamin C plays an important role for production of hemoglobin and controls the oxidative stress. The present study under taken to asses the causing Zinc, Copper, vitamin C and ROS, anemia in pregnant period. METERIALS & METHODS: 40 cases of 4th-8th month pregnant subjects were selected for the present study blood sample collected for estimation of Hemoglobin, Zinc, Copper vitamin C and ROS. Hemoglobin whole blood, Zinc, Copper, ROS serum, vitamin C heparinised blood. RESULTS: Significantly decreases the Hemoglobin (P<0.001. Zinc (P<0.001, Copper (0.001 vitamin C (P<0.001 MDA significantly elevation observed in pregnant women compare to normal healthy women’s are controls. CONCLUSION: Lowered levels of Zinc, Copper, vitaminC, Hemoglobin and elevated MDA concentration were consistently observed in pregnant women. These by abate the synthesis of hemoglobin for the lack of these biological substance which can leads to increase the oxidative stress.

  18. Early colonoscopy confers survival benefits on colon cancer patients with pre-existing iron deficiency anemia: a nationwide population-based study.

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    Chieh-Lin Jerry Teng

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the prognostic significance of pre-existing iron deficiency anemia (IDA and the benefits of early colonoscopy in patients with colon cancer, since these have not been clearly established to date. Using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database, we retrieved and retrospectively reviewed the records of patients aged ≥ 55 years who were diagnosed with colon cancer between 2000 and 2005. The patient cohort was divided into two groups: patients with (n = 1,260 or without (n = 15,912 an IDA diagnosis during ≤ 18 months preceding the date of colon cancer diagnosis. We found that diabetes (27.9% vs. 20.3%, p<0.0001, cardiovascular disease (61.6% vs. 54.7%, p<0.001, and chronic kidney disease (4.6% vs. 2.2%, p<0.0001 were more common among patients with IDA than among those without IDA. The median overall survival times for patients with IDA and those without IDA were 4.6 and 5.7 years, respectively (p = 0.002. Patients who underwent colonoscopy ≤ 30 days, 31-90, and ≥ 91 days after IDA diagnosis showed median overall survival times of 5.79, 4.43, and 4.04 years, respectively (p = 0.003. Delayed colonoscopy was an independent factor associated with poor overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.53; p = 0.01. In conclusion, colon cancer patients with IDA were more likely to experience comorbidities than were those without IDA. Pre-existing IDA was a poor prognostic factor in adult men and postmenopausal women who had colon cancer. Early colonoscopy could improve overall survival possibly by facilitating early diagnosis and treatment.

  19. Comparing prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia and Beta Thalassemia Trait in microcytic and non-microcytic blood donors: suggested algorithm for donor screening

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    Tiwari Aseem

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of microcytosis in donors and Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA and Beta-Thalassemia trait (BTT in microcytic and non-microcytic donors has not been studied in India. The present study aims at finding the same. Materials and Methods: Initially 925 donor samples were evaluated on cell-counter. Of these, 50 were found to be microcytic. These were subjected to Ferritin and HbA2 determination. Subsequently, an additional 51, age-and-sex matched non-microcytic donor samples were selected to serve as controls. These were subjected to the same tests. Results: The prevalence of microcytosis was 5.4% (50/925. Among the microcytic donors, 52% were IDA, 36% BTT, 8% both, and 4% none. In case of non-microcytic donors 29.4% were IDA, 3.9% BTT, and 66.7% none. Conclusions: The study revealed a high prevalence of IDA and BTT in blood donors and a higher probability of finding these in the microcytic samples. This prompted authors to suggest an algorithm for screening of blood donors for IDA and BTT. The algorithm recommends doing an hemogram on all donor samples, routinely. Ferritin could be done only in microcytic samples. At levels lower than15 ng/ml, it is diagnosed as IDA, and therefore, HPLC is performed only for non-IDA samples with Ferritin levels higher than 15 ng/ml. By employing this algorithm, a substantial number of IDA and BTT could be diagnosed while keeping the number of Ferritin tests small and the number of HPLC tests even smaller and thus making it cost efficient.

  20. Iron deficiency anemia in Tarahumara women of reproductive-age in Northern Mexico Anemia ferropriva en mujeres tarahumaras, en edad fértil, del norte de México

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    Joel Monárrez-Espino

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA among Tarahumara women of reproductive age. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a representative sample of 481 women aged 12-49 years, residents of Guachochi Municipality, Chihuahua, from June to September 1998. The hemoglobin (Hb level was measured in capillary blood using the Hemocue technique, and the serum ferritin level in capillary serum spotted on filter paper, in a sub-sample of women. Central tendency and dispersion measures were estimated; the Chisquared test was used to test differences in proportions and ANOVA and Bonferroni's test for differences in means. Results. Prevalence of anemia (mean Hb±S.D. was 16.1% (140±16 g/l and 25.7% (129±12 g/l for non-pregnant and pregnant women, respectively. Pregnant women in the 3rd trimester and those who were breast-feeding their children during the first 6 months after delivery had the highest prevalence of anemia (38.5% and 42.9%, respectively. Iron deficiency was responsible for most of the anemia found in this sample. Conclusions. This study provides relevant information for the development of intervention programs to treat and prevent IDA in this ethnic group. The English version of this paper is available too at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.htmlObjetivo. Determinar la prevalencia de anemia ferropriva en mujeres tarahumaras de edad fértil. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en una muestra representativa de 481 mujeres, de edades entre 12 a 49 años, residentes del municipio de Guachochi, Chihuahua, de junio a septiembre de 1998. El nivel de hemoglobina (Hb se midió en sangre capilar mediante la técnica del Hemocue, además, en un subgrupo se midió el nivel de ferritina en suero capilar sobre papel filtro. Se obtuvieron medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión, se hicieron pruebas de ji cuadrada para diferencias de proporciones, además de ANOVA y prueba de

  1. Consulta de enfermagem a gestantes com anemia ferropriva Consulta de enfermería a mujeres embarazadas con anemia ferropénica Nursing care to pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Maria Oliveira de Barros

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos: construir um protocolo de levantamento de dados e diagnósticos de enfermagem, e conhecer os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes. O protocolo construído foi aplicado em 52 consultas de enfermagem para as gestantes que apresentavam valores de hemoglobina menores que 11,0g/dl. Os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes foram: nutrição alterada, risco para infecção, manutenção do lar prejudicada; déficit de conhecimento sobre a alimentação, risco para lesão fetal relacionada a diminuição da perfusão útero-placentária.; risco de não-comprometimento. A partir dos diagnósticos de enfermagem foram planejadas as intervenções e os resultados esperados com a sua aplicação.Realizamos este trabajo con los siguientes objetivos: construir un protocolo de levantamiento de datos y conocer los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuentes entre las mujeres embarazadas con anemia ferropénica. El protocolo fue aplicado en 52 consultas de enfermería para las gestantes que presentaban valores de hemoglobina abajo de 11,0 g/dl. Los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuentes fueron: nutrición alterada, riesgo de infección, manutención del hogar perjudicada, déficit de conocimiento sobre la alimentación, riesgo de lesión fetal relacionada con la disminución de perfusión útero-placentária, riesgo de no comprometimiento. A partir de los diagnósticos de enfermería fueron planeadas las intervenciones y los resultados esperados con su aplicación.This study was carried out with the following objectives: to set up a protocol of data survey and nursing diagnosis, and to detect the most frequent nursing diagnosis among pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia. The protocol was applied in 52 nursing visits to pregnant women who presented hemoglobin values lower than 11.0g/dl.The most frequent nursing diagnosis were: altered nutrition, risk to infection, impaired maintenance of the home

  2. A case of anemia caused by combined vitamin B12 and iron deficiency manifesting as short stature and delayed puberty Anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Min Song

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency resulting from inadequate dietary intake is rare in children in the modern era because of improvements in nutritional status. However, such anemia can be caused by decreased ingestion or impaired absorption and/ or utilization of vitamin B12. We report the case of an 18-year-old man with short stature, prepubertal sexual maturation, exertional dyspnea, and severe anemia with a hemoglobin level of 3.3 g/dL. He had a history of small bowel resection from 50 cm below the Treitz ligament to 5 cm above the ileocecal valve necessitated by midgut volvulus in the neonatal period. Laboratory tests showed deficiencies of both vitamin B12 and iron. A bone marrow examination revealed dyserythropoiesis and low levels of hemosiderin particles, and a cytogenetic study disclosed a normal karyotype. After treatment with parenteral vitamin B12 and elemental iron, both anemia and growth showed gradual improvement. This is a rare case that presented with short stature and delayed puberty caused by nutritional deficiency anemia in Korea.

  3. Comparison of efficacy of oral and intramuscular iron supplementation for treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    deficiency anemia in children. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Paediatric department of Combined Military Hospital Kharian, Pakistan, from October 2011 to March 2013. Patients and Methods: In total 200 anemic children from 6 months to 5 years of age were included. Cut off value for Hb was < 8 gm/dl. Patients were divided into two groups, each of 100, randomly. Group A received oral sodium feredetate (iron edetate) and group B received intramuscular iron sorbitol. Rise in Hb > 10 gm/dl was kept as the desired value. Maximum duration of treatment planned was 12 weeks for group A and 2 weeks for group B. Laboratory parameters such as Hb%, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), retic count and serum ferritin level were used to detect the responses in both groups at one week, two weeks, four weeks and twelve weeks of treatment. Results: Among 200 patients, male and female distribution was 45% and 55% respectively. Desired rise in Hb in group B was achieved much earlier i.e. at two weeks as compared to group A. Progressive rise in laboratory parameters was observed but this rise was more evident in group B as compared to group A. After one week treatment in group A, rise in retic count, Hb, ferritin and MCV was 0.759 ± 0.318, 0.814 ± 0.387, 0.47 ± 0.154 and 4.28 ± 2.468 respectively. But rise in these values in group B was 2.235±0.632, 2.335 ± 0.135, 6.31 ± 1.123 and 12.11 ± 0.414 respectively. Same persistent different trend was observed at 2 and 4 weeks. After 12 weeks treatment in group A, rise in retic count, Hb, ferritin and MCV was 1.044 ± 0.222, 5.204 ± 0.134, 17.39 ± 2.551 and 16.61 ± 1.214 respectively but rise in these laboratory indices in group B was 0.551 ± 0.261, 6.097 ± 0.21, 42.49 ± 2.768 and 20.68 ± 2.233 respectively. The comparison of hematological indices after 12 weeks in A and B groups show significant differences. All these parameters improved in both groups but improvement in group B was drastically

  4. Nutritional iron deficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zimmermann, M.B.; Hurrell, R.F.

    2007-01-01

    Iron deficiency is one of the leading risk factors for disability and death worldwide, affecting an estimated 2 billion people. Nutritional iron deficiency arises when physiological requirements cannot be met by iron absorption from diet. Dietary iron bioavailability is low in populations consuming

  5. Consumo de leite de vaca e anemia ferropriva na infância Cow's milk consumption and iron deficiency anemia in children

    OpenAIRE

    Maria A. A. Oliveira; Mônica M. Osório

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Revisar aspectos do consumo de leite de vaca associados à anemia na infância. FONTES DOS DADOS: As informações foram coletadas a partir de artigos publicados nas 2 últimas décadas, pesquisados nas bases de dados Lilacs e MEDLINE, livros técnicos e publicações de organizações internacionais. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: A anemia ferropriva é um grave problema de saúde pública nos países em desenvolvimento. Até os 6 meses de idade, o leite materno supre as necessidades de ferro das crianças nas...

  6. Clinical study on the role of red blood cells and reticulocyte parameters in identification of light β-mediterranean anemia and iron deficiency anemia%红细胞及网织红细胞参数在轻型β地贫与缺铁贫鉴别临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯宗明

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨血常规红细胞参数及网织红细胞参数在轻型β地中海贫血和缺铁性贫血的临床鉴别诊断中的应用价值.方法 将98例缺铁性贫血患者设为缺铁贫组,46例轻型β地中海贫血设为地贫组,44例正常体检人员设为对照组.比较3组血常规红细胞参数及网织红细胞参数水平.结果 红细胞参数方面,缺铁贫组、地贫组MCV、MCH、MCHC出现降低,与对照组比较有显著差异(P<0.05);缺铁贫组RDW升高,地贫组RDW与对照组比较无显著差异(P>0.05);网织红细胞参数方面,缺铁贫组、地贫组RET#、RET%、IRF、MFR%、HFR%均出现升高,LFR%出现降低,且地贫组变化更为显著;缺铁贫组Ret-He出现降低,与地贫组、对照组比较均有显著差异(P<0.05),而地贫组与对照组比较无显著差异(P>0.05).结论 红细胞及网织红细胞参数在轻型β地中海贫血和缺铁性贫血的临床鉴别诊断中具有重要的意义.%Objective To study the application value of red blood cells and reticulocyte parameters in the clinical identification of light β-mediterranean anemia and iron deficiency anemia.Methods Ninety-eight patients with iron deficiency anemia were set to iron deficiency anemia group,forty-six patients of light β-mediterranean were set to the mediterranean anemia group,and forty-four health subjects were set to the control group.A comparison was made between groups in terms of routine blood red blood cell parameters and the characteristics of reticulocyte parameters.Results Erythrocyte parameters such as MCV,MCH and MCHC in iron deficiency anemia group and Mediterranean anemia group decreased.Compared with the control group,the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).RDW in iron deficiency anemia group increased.Compared with the Mediterranean anemia group,the differences in RDW showed no significant difference (P >0.05).As for the reticulocyte parameters

  7. Multiple-Micronutrient Fortified Non-Dairy Beverage Interventions Reduce the Risk of Anemia and Iron Deficiency in School-Aged Children in Low-Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (i–iv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grant J. Aaron

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Multiple-micronutrient (MMN fortification of beverages may be an effective option to deliver micronutrients to vulnerable populations. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the nutritional impacts of MMN fortified beverages in the context of low-middle income countries. A systematic search of published literature yielded 1022 citations, of which 10 randomized controlled trials (nine in school-aged children and one in pregnant women met inclusion criteria. Results of school-aged children were included in the meta-analysis. Compared to iso-caloric controls, children who received MMN fortified beverages for 8 weeks to 6 months showed significant improvements in hemoglobin (+2.76 g/L, 95% CI [1.19, 4.33], p = 0.004; 8 studies and serum ferritin (+15.42 pmol/L, [5.73, 25.12], p = 0.007; 8 studies; and reduced risk of anemia (RR 0.58 [0.29, 0.88], p = 0.005; 6 studies, iron deficiency (RR 0.34 [0.21, 0.55], p = 0.002; 7 studies, and iron deficiency anemia (RR 0.17 [0.06, 0.53], p = 0.02; 3 studies. MMN fortified beverage interventions could have major programmatic implications for reducing the burden of anemia and iron deficiency in school-aged children in low-middle income countries. Additional research is needed to investigate effects on other biochemical outcomes and population subgroups.

  8. Reticulocyte parameters in hemoglobinopathies and iron deficiency anemia Parâmetros reticulocitários nas hemoglobinopatias e na anemia ferropriva

    OpenAIRE

    Laura C. Cortellazzi; Sara M. Teixeira; Ronaldo Borba; Sirlei Gervásio; Carmem S. Cintra; Helena Z.W. Grotto

    2003-01-01

    Flow cytometric reticulocyte analysis allows the evaluation of reticulocyte maturity. New reticulocyte parameters have been used in the diagnosis and management of anemias, in the bone marrow transplant setting and in the monitoring of iron replacement or erythropoiet in therapy. Reticulocyte numbers and maturation levels have been studied in different hemoglobinopathies and the results have been correlated with the degree of ineffective erythropoiesis. In order to verify differences in retic...

  9. Prevenção e tratamento da anemia nutricional ferropriva: novos enfoques e perspectivas Prevention and treatment of iron-deficiency anemia: new focuses and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malaquias Batista Filho

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem sumariamente o quadro epidemiológico das anemias, as propostas programáticas estabelecidas pelas Nações Unidas para a reversão do problema em escala internacional e as dificuldades atuais para a aplicação de estratégias de reconhecida efetividade na área da saúde para a prevenção e cura das anemias nos segmentos populacionais mais expostos, as crianças e as gestantes. Analisam o estágio atual das pesquisas dirigidas para quatro objetivos simultâneos: aumento da eficácia e efetividade, redução de custos e de efeitos colaterais dos esquemas medicamentosos de prevenção e tratamento. Consideram que as pesquisas em curso podem melhorar radicalmente as perspectivas de uma intervenção bem sucedida no enfrentamento do problema através do setor saúde.The authors briefly describe the epidemiology of anemia, the goals established by the United Nations to combat the problem worldwide, and the difficulties encountered in applying proven effective strategies in public health services to prevent and cure anemia in pregnant women and children, both of which are prime high-risk groups. They analyze recent research aimed at four objectives related to prevention and cure: improving treatment efficacy; increasing effectiveness; reducing costs; and decreasing unwanted side effects. The study indicates that ongoing research could improve prospects for treatment through public health services.

  10. Treatment of mild non-chemotherapy-induced iron deficiency anemia in cancer patients: comparison between oral ferrous bisglycinate chelate and ferrous sulfate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Paola; Nicolini, Andrea; Manca, Maria Laura; Rossi, Giuseppe; Anselmi, Loretta; Conte, Massimo; Carpi, Angelo; Bonino, Ferruccio

    2012-09-01

    In cancer patients mild-moderate non-chemotherapy-induced iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is usually treated with oral iron salts, mostly ferrous sulfate. In this study, we compare efficacy and toxicity of oral ferrous bisglycinate chelate and ferrous sulfate in cancer patients with mild IDA. Twenty-four patients operated on for solid tumors (10 breast, 12 colorectal, 2 gastric), aged 61±10 years (range 45-75), with non-chemotherapy-induced hemoglobin (Hb) values between 10 and 12 g/dL and ferritin lower than 30 ng/mL were randomized to receive oral ferrous bisglycinate chelate, 28 mg per day for 20 days, and then 14 mg per day for 40 days (12 patients) (A group) or oral ferrous sulphate, 105 mg per day for 60 days (12 patients) (B group). Values of hemoglobin and ferritin obtained at diagnosis, 1 and 2 months from the beginning of treatment were compared. Adverse events (AEs) related to the two treatments were recorded. In the 12 patients treated with ferrous bisglycinate chelate, basal hemoglobin and ferritin values (mean±SD) were 11.6±0.8 g/dL and 16.1±8.0 ng/mL. After 2 months of treatment, they were 13.0±1.4 g/dL and 33.8±22.0 ng/mL, respectively (P=0.0003 and P=0.020). In the group treated with ferrous sulphate, hemoglobin and ferritin mean values were 11.3±0.6 g/dL and 19.0±6.4 ng/mL basally, and 12.7±0.70 g/dL and 40.8±28.1 ng/mL (Pferrous bisglycinate chelate and four (33%) with ferrous sulphate, toxicity was grade 1. In conclusion, these data suggest that ferrous bisglycinate chelate has similar efficacy and likely lower GI toxicity than ferrous sulphate given at the conventional dose of 105 mg per day for the same time. PMID:22795809

  11. Investigation and analysis of indexes related to iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women%孕妇缺铁性贫血与铁相关指标调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静; 潘娟; 张维

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解武汉市江岸区孕妇缺铁性贫血患病率及影响因素,制定干预措施.方法 对280例孕妇进行血液分析,检测内容包括血红蛋白、血清铁蛋白和全血铁含量,并对结果 进行分析.结果 孕妇贫血检出率为10.00%,全血铁缺乏率为32.14%,血清铁蛋白缺乏率为3.21%,不同文化程度孕妇的贫血发生率不同,差异有统计学意义(χ2=282.00,P<0.05),非贫血组孕妇不同孕期的全血铁缺乏发生率不同,差异有统计学意义(χ2=106.00,P<0.05).结论 缺铁性贫血的发病率在江岸区依然较高,应做好该病的预防干预措施.%Objective To investigate the incidence and influencing factors of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women in Jiang' an of Wuhan so as to formulate intervention measures. Methods Blood samples were collected from 280 pregnant women, and hemoglobin, serum ferritin and iron content in whole blood of them were detected and analyzed. Results The detection rate of anemia among pregnant women was 10. 00% , and the deficiency rate of iron in whole blood and serum ferritin was 32. 14% and 3. 21% , respectively. The incidence of anemia among pregnant women with different education level was different, and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =282.00, P <0.05 ). In non-anemia group the incidence of iron in whole blood deficiency at different pregnant stage was different, and the difference was statistically significant (x2= 106. 00, P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion The incidence of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women in Jiang' an area is relatively high, and measures should be taken to prevent iron deficiency anemia.

  12. Progresses in prevention and treatment of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in children%儿童铁缺乏症及缺铁性贫血防治进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向伟

    2008-01-01

    铁是人体必需微量元素中含量最多的一种,膳食中可利用铁长期不足,常可导致铁缺乏(iron deficiency)和缺铁性贫血(iron deficiency anemia,IDA)。小儿IDA是机体对铁的摄人不足,需要量增加或铁丢失过多造成机体内贮存铁缺乏,导致血红蛋白合成障碍引起的一种贫血。铁缺乏症是指机体总铁含量降低的状态,包括从铁减少期(iron depletion,ID)逐渐发展至红细胞生成缺铁期(iron deftcient erythropoiesis,IDE)和IDA3个密切相关的发展阶段,

  13. The Analysis of Clinical Features and Risk Factors of Children's Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia%儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的临床特征及相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐丽琼

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的临床表现症状并分析患病的相关危险因素。方法搜集2012年10月至2014年10月经我院确诊的288例营养性缺铁性贫血患儿资料,回顾性总结他们的临床表现特征,并分析造成儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的危险因素。结果288例营养性缺铁性贫血患儿,轻度贫血146例(50.69%),中度贫血113例(39.24%),重度贫血29例(10.07%),结果显示,年龄、孕周、是否接受育儿教育、是否为儿童添加辅食、儿童生活环境是否良好或稳定,是儿童患营养性缺铁性贫血的危险因素,结果具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论加强育儿知识教育和对小儿进行科学、合理的喂养,确保小儿良好、稳定的生活环境,是预防小儿营养性缺铁性贫血的有力措施。%Objective To observe the clinical features of children's nutritional iron deficiency anemia, and to analyze the risk factors.Methods The information of 288 cases confirmed nutritional deficiency anemia from October 2012 to October 2014 in our hospital were collected, and their clinical features were retrospectively summarized, and the risk factors of children's nutritional iron deficiency anemia were analyzed.Results Among the 288 children with nutritional iron deficiency anemia, mild anemia happened in 146 cases (50.69%), moderate anemia in 113 cases (39.24%) and severe anemia in 29 cases (10.07%).The results showed:Age, gestational weeks, whether to accept the parenting education, whether to add a side dish for children, and children's living en-vironment were the risk factors for children to suffer from nutritional iron deficiency anemia, and the results had statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusion Strengthening the child rearing knowledge education, the scientific and rational feeding of children, and ensuring children to have good and stable living environment are effective measures for the

  14. Long-Lasting Neural and Behavioral Effects of Iron Deficiency in Infancy

    OpenAIRE

    Lozoff, Betsy; Beard, John; Connor, James; Felt, Barbara; Georgieff, Michael; Schallert, Timothy

    2006-01-01

    Infants are at high risk for iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia. This review summarizes evidence of long-term effects of iron deficiency in infancy. Follow-up studies from preschool age to adolescence report poorer cognitive, motor, and social-emotional function, as well as persisting neurophysiologic differences. Research in animal models points to mechanisms for such long-lasting effects. Potential mechanisms relate to effects of iron deficiency during brain development on neurometa...

  15. Iron deficiency in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hercberg, S; Preziosi, P; Galan, P

    2001-04-01

    In Europe, iron deficiency is considered to be one of the main nutritional deficiency disorders affecting large fractions of the population, particularly such physiological groups as children, menstruating women and pregnant women. Some factors such as type of contraception in women, blood donation or minor pathological blood loss (haemorrhoids, gynaecological bleeding...) considerably increase the difficulty of covering iron needs. Moreover, women, especially adolescents consuming low-energy diets, vegetarians and vegans are at high risk of iron deficiency. Although there is no evidence that an absence of iron stores has any adverse consequences, it does indicate that iron nutrition is borderline, since any further reduction in body iron is associated with a decrease in the level of functional compounds such as haemoglobin. The prevalence of iron-deficient anaemia has slightly decreased in infants and menstruating women. Some positive factors may have contributed to reducing the prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia in some groups of population: the use of iron-fortified formulas and iron-fortified cereals; the use of oral contraceptives and increased enrichment of iron in several countries; and the use of iron supplements during pregnancy in some European countries. It is possible to prevent and control iron deficiency by counseling individuals and families about sound iron nutrition during infancy and beyond, and about iron supplementation during pregnancy, by screening persons on the basis of their risk for iron deficiency, and by treating and following up persons with presumptive iron deficiency. This may help to reduce manifestations of iron deficiency and thus improve public health. Evidence linking iron status with risk of cardiovascular disease or cancer is unconvincing and does not justify changes in food fortification or medical practice, particularly because the benefits of assuring adequate iron intake during growth and development are well established

  16. Analysis on the causes of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in one - year old children of Kazak nationality%哈萨克族1岁儿童营养性缺铁性贫血原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗艳; 周平

    2011-01-01

    目的:对哈萨克族1岁儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的原因进行分析,并提出具体应对措施。方法:选择2008年~2010年在乌鲁木齐市妇幼保健院体检的汉族儿童100名,维吾尔族儿童100名,哈萨克族儿童100名,对随机抽取的儿童进行血液检测,并对受检儿童的生活环境、饮食习惯、母亲贫血史、生育史、母乳喂养史、儿童疾病史等进行问卷调查。结果:哈萨克族儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的发病率高于汉族和维吾尔族儿童(P<0.05)。哈萨克族儿童易患营养性缺铁性贫血与其生活环境、饮食习惯、母亲贫血史、生育史、母乳喂养史等有关。结论:哈萨克族儿童营养性缺铁性贫血发生率高,应积极改善儿童的居住环境和饮食习惯,及时为儿童添加辅食,合理营养,注重母亲孕期保健,重视儿童的疾病预防。%Objective: To analyze the causes of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in one - year old children of Kazak nationality, put forward specific measures. Methods; 100 children of Han nationality, 100 children of Uyghur nationality and 100 children of Kazak nationality who received physical examination in the hospital from 2008 to 2010 were selected, then the selected children received blood test; their living environment, dietary habits, anemia history and reproductive history of mothers, breastfeeding history and medical history were surveyed by a questionnaire. Results; The incidence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in children of Kazak nationality was significantly higher than those in children of Han nationality and Uyghur nationality ( P < 0.05 ) . Nutritional iron deficiency anemia in children of Kazak nationality was related to living environment, dietary habits, anemia history and reproductive history of mothers, breastfeeding history. Conclusion; The incidence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in children of Kazak nationality is high, the living environment and dietary habits

  17. Iron isomaltoside 1000: a new intravenous iron for treating iron deficiency in chronic kidney disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wikström, Björn; Bhandari, Sunil; Barany, Peter;

    2011-01-01

    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often suffer from iron deficiency anemia necessitating treatment with intravenous iron. This study was designed to assess the safety of iron isomaltoside 1000 (Monofer) in CKD patients. The secondary objective was to assess its effect on iron deficiency...... anemia....

  18. Refractory iron-deficiency anemia and gluten intolerance: Response to gluten-free diet Anemia ferropénica refractaria e intolerancia al gluten: respuesta a la dieta sin gluten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rodrigo-Sáez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: refractory iron-deficiency anemia has a multifactorial origin related to various gastrointestinal conditions, with celiac disease plus malabsorption and IBD together with isolated gluten intolerance being most common. Objectives: to determine the prevalence of serum, genetic, and histological markers for gluten intolerance, and to analyze the response to gluten withdrawal from the diet in these patients. Methods: a number of patients with refractory anemia were prospectively and consecutively enrolled. A protocol to measure serum (TGt-2, genetic (HLA-DQ2/DQ8, and histological markers for celiac disease was applied. All followed a gluten-free diet for a median 3.6 years. Sustained remission of anemia during follow-up was interpreted as positive response. Results: ninety-eight patients (84% females with a mean age of 54 years were studied. Anti-TGt2 antibodies were positive in 5% of cases. A total of 67 cases (68% were haplotype HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8 (+. We found villous atrophy (Marsh III in 13% of patients, and an inflammatory pattern (Marsh I or II in 13%. All remaining 72 patients (74% had no histological duodenal changes. Age, anemia duration, number of transfusions, number of parenteral iron doses, and time on a gluten-free diet were all compared according to the presence or absence of villous atrophy and HLA-DQ2/8 positivity, and no significant differences were found for any of the analyzed variables. Response was positive in 92% of subjects. Conclusions: celiac disease with villous atrophy is rarely a cause of refractory anemia. Gluten intolerance with no histological lesions is seen in almost 75% of patients, and therefore plays a relevant role in its development.Introducción: la anemia ferropénica refractaria presenta un origen multifactorial, relacionado con diversas enfermedades digestivas, siendo las más frecuentes la enfermedad celiaca con malabsorción y la EII junto con la intolerancia al gluten aislada. Objetivos

  19. Iron deficiency: new insights into diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camaschella, Clara

    2015-01-01

    Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are common conditions worldwide affecting especially children and young women. In developing countries, iron deficiency is caused by poor iron intake and/or parasitic infection, whereas vegetarian dietary choices, poor iron absorption, and chronic blood loss are common causes in high-income countries. Erythropoiesis stimulating agents can result in functional iron deficiency for erythropoiesis even when stores are iron-replete. Diagnosis of iron deficiency is straightforward, except when it occurs in the context of inflammatory disorders. Oral iron salts correct absolute iron deficiency in most patients, because low hepcidin levels facilitate iron absorption. Unfortunately frequent side effects limit oral iron efficacy. Intravenous iron is increasingly utilized, because currently available preparations allow rapid normalization of total body iron even with a single infusion and are effective also in functional iron deficiency and in iron deficiency associated with inflammatory disorders. The evidence is accumulating that these preparations are safe and effective. However, long-term safety issues of high doses of iron need to be further explored. PMID:26637694

  20. Nutrition Education in Reduction of Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Women of Childbearing Age%营养教育改善育龄妇女缺铁性贫血

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊黎; 石兴岭; 王桂春; 邢金川

    2002-01-01

    @@ 缺铁性贫血(Iron Deficiency Anemia, IDA)是人类特别是妇女、儿童常见的营养缺乏病.葛可佑等在1992年的调查结果显示:女性贫血患病率明显高于男性[1].为了解和改善山东省农村贫困地区育龄妇女的缺铁性贫血状况,我们于1999年5~11月,在山东省莘县燕店乡进行了随机抽样调查,并实施营养教育,分析报告如下.

  1. Anemia ferropriva em populações da região sul do Estado de São Paulo Iron deficiency anaemia in populations of the Southern area of the State of S. Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Cornblüth Szarfarc

    1972-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi feito um levantamento da ocorrência de anemia ferropriva no Vale do Ribeira, nas localidades de Iguape, Apiaí, Ribeira, Barra do Chapéu e Pontal do Ribeira, através de dosagens, no sangue, de Hemoglobina, Hematócrito, Ferro sérico e Capacidade de Ligação de Ferro. Na mesma amostra populacional, pelo estudo da composição dos alimentos consumidos, foi obtida a ingestão de ferro, média, diária, "per capita" nas seis localidades referidas. Os resultados da adequação de consumo foram: em Iguape, 91%; Pontal do Ribeira, 63%; Icapara, 81%; Apiaí, 122%; Ribeira, 99% e em Barra do Chapéu, 125%. Através dos índices aplicados, evidenciou-se a existência de anemia como problema de Saúde Pública na grande maioria das áreas estudadas.A study of iron deficiency anaemia in seaside and mountain population of the southern area of the state of S. Paulo, Brazil, was carried out. The towns studies were, Iguape, Pontal do Ribeira, Icapara, Apiai, Ribeira and Barra do Chapeu. Studying the composition of food-stuff consumed a "per capita" average iron consumption was stablished for each town. Results showed that consumption of iron in Iguape was 91% of minimum needs, Pontal do Ribeira, 63%, Icapara, 81%, Apiai, 122%, Ribeira, 99% and Barra do Chapeu, 125%. It was found that in most localities iron deficiency anaemia constitutes a public health problem.

  2. 静脉补充铁剂防治早产儿缺铁性贫血的价值%Efficacy of intravenous iron for iron deficiency anemia on premature infants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王位苹; 汤庆娅

    2014-01-01

    贫血是早产儿临床常见疾病之一,不仅影响患儿生长、发育,还对运动、认知学习、行为等产生不可逆影响,静脉铁剂对于无法经口服补铁或口服补铁无效的患儿是一种有效防治早产儿贫血的方法.但目前静脉铁剂用于早产儿的安全性及开始时间仍存在争议.现就静脉铁剂对于防治早产儿缺铁性贫血的有效性、安全性进行阐述.%Anemia is one of the most common disease in premature infants,it not only affects growth and development,but also have long-term impact on the future movement,cognition,learning ability and behavioral development,and most of mental harms nor reversible even though after iron supplementation.So,supplementation with intravenous iron will be a good approach to prevent and treatment with anemia for oral iron supplementations invalid or intolerant infants.Currently,safety and start time for iron supplementation in preterm infants remains controversial.This review focuses on the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron for prevent and treatment of iron deficiency anemia in preterm infants.

  3. 儿童保健门诊中婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血患病情况及相关因素%Infant Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia in Child Health Clinic in the Prevalence Rate and the Related Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄秋红

    2014-01-01

    目的探讨儿童保健门诊中婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血患病调查结果,并对相关性因素进行分析。方法选择我院自2010年5月~2013年8月进行健康体检婴幼儿共3250例,对本组体检婴幼儿进行抽血检测血常规,观察其营养状况及营养性缺铁性贫血患病情况,采用Logistic回顾分析相关因素。结果根据缺铁性贫血诊断标准,3250例受检婴幼儿中,共检出存在缺铁性贫血368例婴幼儿,营养缺铁性贫血检出率为11.3%。其中6个月~1岁年龄段缺铁性发病率最高,为13.7%,1~2岁年龄段缺铁性贫血发病率最低,为10.5%。结论婴幼儿时期易出现营养性缺铁性贫血,特别是1岁以下婴幼儿出现缺铁性贫血的几率最高,因此要加强婴幼儿营养知识的宣传及普及,特别是6个月以后的辅食添加,减少营养性缺铁性贫血的发生,提高婴幼儿营养水平,促进婴幼儿的健康发展。%Objective To study the infantile nutritional iron deficiency anemia in children health care clinic survey results, and analyze the correlation factors. Methods our hospital from May 2010 to August 2013, physical examination, a total of 3250 cases of infant to draw blood detection routine group medical infants and young children, to observe the nutritional status and nutritional iron deficiency anemia prevalence, adopting Logistic related factors were reviewed. Results According to the diagnostic criteria, iron deficiency anemia patients, 3250 cases of infants and young children, 368 cases with detection is iron deficiency anemia were infants and young children, nutritional iron deficiency anemia detection rate of 11.3%. Aged 6 months - 1 iron deficiency incidence is highest, at 13.7%, incidence of iron deficiency anemia minimum 1~2 years old age, at 10.5%. Conclusion Early childhood nutritional iron deficiency anemia is seen, especially in infants under one year of age appear the highest rates of iron deficiency anemia, so

  4. 151例蒙古族婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血的临床分析%Clinical analysis of Mongolian infants with nutritional iron deficiency anemia in 151 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王向文; 牡丹; 刘建平; 郄丽萍; 赵淑玲; 侯慧

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo study the characteristics and control methods of Mongolian infants with nutritional iron deficiency anemia.MethodsTo analyze the clinical cases which were divided into groups according to the age,to summarize the etiology and control methods. Results Anemia morbidit (47.02%) was higher and the incidence of severe anemia (3.03%) was highest from 6 month to 1year.ConclusionMongolian infants with nutritional iron deficiency anemia which has the main etiology of chronic disease,non-timely of iron supplementation in premature/low birth weight infants,unreasonable of diet structure and incorrect of complement food adding,should prevent and treat of chronic disease,the education of pregnant and puerperal period,reasonable feeding and timely of iron supplementation.%目的:探讨蒙古族婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血的特点和防治方法。方法分析病例资料,按年龄段分组,总结病因和防治方法。结果6个月~1岁段贫血发病最多,占47.02%,重度贫血发生率6个月~1岁段最高,为3.03%。各年龄段发病率均低于汉族儿童。结论蒙古族婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血的主要病因为慢性疾病、早产/低体重儿补充铁剂不及时、饮食结构不合理、辅食添加不正确。及时治疗慢性病、孕产期教育、合理喂养、及时铁剂治疗是防治主要手段。

  5. Study on infant iron deficiency anemia incidence and preventive measures%婴儿期缺铁性贫血发生率及预防措施分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴英杰; 高新; 李慧

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析某院儿童保健门诊中婴儿期缺铁性贫血(iron deficiency anemia,IDA)喂养方式及辅食添加的早晚与婴儿期缺铁性贫血的关系,有效的降低其患病率.方法 采用整群随机抽样的方法选取该院儿童保健门诊中2009年5月~2010年5月0~1岁婴儿815例,排除疾病因素,通过体格检查,家长问卷,调查其喂养方式及辅食添加的早晚将患儿分为实验组(n=396),是指无论采取何种喂养(母乳或人工或混合)均于4~6个月添加辅食;对照组(n=419),是指无论采取何种喂养(母乳或人工或混合)均于4~6个月未添加辅食.两组统一采用BASIC血细胞全自动分析仪测血常规.结果 实验组贫血发生率是19.2%,对照组贫血的发生率是37.5%.差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 无论采取何种喂养(母乳或人工或混合)均于4~6个月添加辅食其贫血的发生率低于对照组,因此正确的儿童喂养行为可以有效的预防和减少婴儿期IDA患病率.%OBJECTIVE To analyze the relation of infant iron deficiency anemia (iron deficiency anemia, IDA) feeding method and feeding time, effectively reduce the prevalence rate. METHODS A cluster random sampling method was used to select 815 cases of 0 - 1 years old infants in health clinic of our hospital in May 2009 - May 2010, the exclusion of disease factors, through physical examination, a parent questionnaire, according to investigation of its feeding method and feeding sooner or later, the infants were divided into experimental group (n = 396), refers to added complementary in 4-6 months whether the feeding was breastmilk or artificial or mixed; the control group (n = 419). did not add complementary is that no matter what feeding (breastmilk or artificial or mixed) in 4-6 months.Uniform BASIC blood cell automatic analyzer was used in two groups to measure blood. RESULTS The anaemia rate was 19.2% in the experimental group, the incidence of anemia in the control

  6. Anemia ferropriva em atletas adolescentes da Fundação Vila Olímpica de Manaus-AM Iron deficiency anaemia in adolescent athletes of the Vila Olímpica Fonndation of Manaus - AM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Trindade Nunes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a escassez de informações quanto ao estado nutricional de atletas jovens, identificou-se a prevalência de anemia ferropriva e sua associação com indicadores nutricionais de atletas adolescentes participantes do Programa de Iniciação Esportiva da Fundação Vila Olímpica de Manaus-AM. A amostra foi constituída por 194 atletas adolescentes do gênero masculino, voluntários, praticantes de diferentes modalidades esportivas classificados como iniciantes. A coleta dos dados foi realizada mediante verificação de medidas antropométricas (peso corporal, estatura e espessuras das dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular, dosagem de hemoglobina utilizando o hemoglobinômetro portátil (Sistema Hemocue e instrumento socioeconômico. No diagnóstico do estado nutricional foram utilizados os indicadores Estatura para a Idade (E/I e Índice de Massa Corporal para a idade (IMC/I, assumindo pontos de corte propostos pela OMS. Os resultados mostraram que 9,4% dos adolescentes apresentaram desnutrição, 8,2% sobrepeso e 4,6% obesidade. A prevalência de anemia ferropriva encontrada na amostra foi de 41,7%, com predominância na classe socioeconômica mais baixa. Embora a prevalência de anemia tenha sido elevada, o estado nutricional dos adolescentes não influenciou sobre este resultado, considerando que a maioria dos adolescentes apresentou-se eutrófica. Diante do exposto, sugere-se a adoção de medidas efetivas de intervenção e de educação nutricional visando à minimização e/ou o controle da anemia ferropriva.Considering the dearth of information with regard to the nutritional state of young athletes, were identified the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia and its association with nutritional indicators of adolescent athletes participating in the Sport Initiation Program of the Vila Olímpica Foundation in Manaus -AM. A sample was made up of 194 voluntary adolescent male athletes classified as beginners, who participated

  7. Who Is at Risk for Anemia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Aplastic Anemia Hemolytic Anemia Iron-Deficiency Anemia Pernicious Anemia Sickle Cell Disease Send a link to NHLBI to someone ... A family history of inherited anemia, such as sickle cell anemia or thalassemia Rate This Content: NEXT >> Updated: May ...

  8. Prevalencia de anemia ferropénica en niños pre-escolares y escolares con necesidades básicas insatisfechas Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in a group of pre-school and school children, living in conditions of poverty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Winocur

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available La anemia ferropénica es muy frecuente en los primeros años de vida, en países en desarrollo. Sin embargo, hay pocos estudios en niños escolares. Nuestro principal objetivo fue determinar su prevalencia en niños carenciados de 3 a 12 años de edad. Se incluyeron 323 niños: 173 concurrían a un Hogar Asistencial (53%, grupo A y 157 niños no (47%, grupo B. Se dosó hemoglobina, volumen corpuscular medio (VCM y ferritina sérica (FS en todos los niños. En aquellos con hemoglobina 38 mmol/l y FS Iron deficiency is common during the first years of life. Yet, there is a paucity of data on scholar children. Our main objective was to estimate the prevalence of ferropenic anemia in children’s 3 to 12 years of age living under conditions of poverty. A total of 323 children were included, 171 attended to a day care institution (group A and 152 were from the same community but not attended in the day care institution (group B. Hemoglobin (Hb, medium corpuscular volume (MCV and serum ferritin (SF were measured in all children. In those with Hb 38 mmol/l and SF <10 µg/l or TS <10%. There were no differences between the groups regarding age, weight, height, education, gender and housing conditions. Mean hemoglobin level was 12.6 g/dl (group A: 12.4g/dl vs. group B:12.7g/dl; p=0.012, and mean SF was 45 mg/l, without significant differences between groups. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 2.5% (8/323 and iron deficiency was 4.4% (14/317, without significant differences between groups. These results persisted after controlling for confounding variables. In this group of children living under conditions of poverty in Argentina, iron deficiency anemia was uncommon. We attribute this phenomenon to local affordability of some inexpensive cuts of red meat.

  9. Early Iron Deficiency Has Brain and Behavior Effects Consistent with Dopaminergic Dysfunction123

    OpenAIRE

    Lozoff, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    To honor the late John Beard’s many contributions regarding iron and dopamine biology, this review focuses on recent human studies that test specific hypotheses about effects of early iron deficiency on dopamine system functioning. Short- and long-term alterations associated with iron deficiency in infancy can be related to major dopamine pathways (mesocortical, mesolimbic, nigrostriatal, tuberohypophyseal). Children and young adults who had iron deficiency anemia in infancy show poorer inhib...

  10. 婴儿缺铁性贫血的不同治疗方法探讨%To Investigate the Different Methods in the Treatment of Infantile Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵妍; 王念蓉; 甘文玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨婴幼儿缺铁性贫血的不同治疗方法。方法将120例缺铁性贫血婴儿分到四组进行治疗,其中A组为每日补铁组,B组为隔日补铁组,C组为每周补铁组,D组为强化食物补铁组,持续治疗3个月后比较治疗效果。结果①每日补铁组、隔日补铁组、每周补铁组和铁强化食物补铁方法均对婴儿缺铁性贫血有治疗效果,不影响婴儿的生长发育。②每周补铁法与隔日、每日补铁法治疗效果也相当,但铁状态的改善弱于隔日和每日补铁疗法。③铁强化食物组依从性差,失访率高。结论每日补铁组与隔日、每周补铁组治疗效果相当。隔日补铁组治疗组患儿服药的依从性,易于被患儿和家长接受,值得临床推广应用。而食用铁强化食品由于需要进食量大,易影响患儿奶量,依从性差,故不建议常规运用。%Objective To investigate the different methods in the treatment of infants with iron deficiency anemia.Methods 120 patients with iron deficiency anemia of baby into four groups, A group as daily iron supplementation group, B group, iron group for the next day, C group of iron supplementation group for a week, D group of daily food fortified with iron group to strengthen food, continued for 3 months after treatment compared with treatment effect.Results①Daily iron group, alternate day group, weekly iron and iron fortified food iron method all have a therapeutic effect on infant iron deficiency anemia, does not affect the baby's growth and development.②A week day, daily supplement and complement iron treatment effect is considerable, but the iron status of improving weak on alternate days and daily iron supplementation therapy.③Daily food fortified iron supplementation compliance is poor, lost to follow-up rate is high.Conclusion Daily iron and alternate day, weekly iron group treatment effect. On iron group, treatment group with medication adherence

  11. 婴儿缺铁性贫血状况及对生长发育的影响%The Status of iron deficiency anemia and its effect on growth and development among infants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇; 李晶; 刘惠娟; 魏春雷; 戴艳; 孙晓艳; 吴娟琴

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解6月龄内婴儿缺铁性贫血的患病状况及对生长发育的影响。方法调查嘉兴市区2011年7月-2012年6月出生的341名健康婴儿,分别在出生后42 d、6月龄检测血常规,体格检查,收集喂养资料和6月龄发育筛查测试( DST)。结果出生后42 d婴儿贫血患病率为37.54%。男婴40.54%与女婴33.97%比较差异无统计学意义( P>0.05)。6月龄婴儿贫血患病率为19.35%,其中新发占48.48%。母乳喂养、混合喂养和人工喂养婴儿贫血患病率,42 d 时分别为30.82%、41.40%和47.37%,3组间比较差异无统计学意义( P >0.05);6月龄时分别为38.20%、16.38%和9.56%,3组间比较以母乳喂养组患病率最高( P0. 05). The prevalence rate of iron deficiency anemia at 6 months was 19. 35%,in which 48. 48% were new cases. At age of 42 days,there was no significant difference between different feeding patterns in anemia prevalence( breast feeding:30. 82%,mixed feeding:41. 40%,artificial feeding:47. 37%,P>0. 05). While at age of 6 months,the anemia prevalence of breast feeding group was higher( 38. 20%)than that of the other two groups( mixed feeding:16. 38%;artificial feeding:9. 56%;P<0. 05 ). The rate of developmental quotient below 70 was 11. 76% in the anemia cases whose hemoglobin was continuously low from 42 days to 6 months,which was higher than that of new onset anemia cases (3. 13%)and normal hemoglobin controls(1. 82%)(P<0. 05). Conclusion Continuously low hemoglobin at early age of 42 days to 6 months is potentially harmful to neuropsychological development of infants. Early screening of hemoglobin is urgently needed for intervention of iron deficiency anemia among infants.

  12. Status,Influencing Factors and Prevention Measures of the Nutritional Iron-deficiency Anemia%婴儿营养性缺铁性贫血的影响因素分析和防治措施探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治涛; 黄中炎; 孙佳

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解6-12月龄婴儿营养性缺铁性贫血状况,探讨引起患病的影响因素,寻求降低患病率的有效方法,以便有针对性地开展防治工作.方法对2013年3月-2014年2月在某医院儿保门诊进行规范化健康体检的622例6-12月龄婴儿家长进行问卷调查及婴儿血常规检查,并进行统计分析,以血红蛋白<110 g/L 作为贫血诊断标准,计算贫血患病率,并寻找病因及影响因素.结果营养性缺铁性贫血婴儿占39.2%,病因及影响因素包括母孕期情况、辅食添加情况、婴儿患病情况、家长是否接受健康教育等,母孕期贫血及婴儿辅食添加不及时和不合理为最主要原因.结论营养性缺铁性贫血在6-12月龄婴儿发病率高,母孕期贫血、辅食添加不当为其最主要原因,应加强母亲孕期的保健措施,减少孕期贫血的发生率;对婴儿科学正确的喂养方法进行指导和定期的健康检查,针对婴儿家长进行贫血健康教育,大力提倡母乳喂养,减少疾病发生率等,这是降低贫血发生的关键措施,儿科工作者更要认真做好宣教工作.%Objectives To investigate the status of nutritional iron-deficiency anemia among 6-12 months old in-fants,and to probe the influencing factors that induce the illness,and then to seek an effective way to reduce the morbidity.Methods 622 infants aged 6-12 months old who received standardized physical examination and blood routine examination in the child care outpatient sector of our hospital between March 2013 and February 2014 were surveyed by questionnaire.The statistic analysis was conducted,with HGB<1 10 g/L as the diagnosis criterion of a-nemia,to calculate the morbidity of anemia and to find out the pathogeny and influencing factors.Results The mor-bidity of nutritional iron-deficiency anemia was 39.2%.The cause and the influencing factors of the disease included the pregnancy status

  13. Tratamento da anemia ferropriva com ferro quelato glicinato e crescimento de crianças na primeira infância Treatment of iron deficiency anemia with iron bis-glycinate chelate and growth of young children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Cisoto Ribeiro

    2008-10-01

    there was no impact on weight and on the weight-for-height and weight-for-age indicators. CONCLUSION: The results show that iron bis-glycinate chelate is an adequate supplement to treat iron deficiency anemia in young children since it is very well tolerated and promotes growth in children older than 12 months.

  14. Deficiência de ferro: ainda a principal etiologia entre crianças encaminhadas por motivo de anemia para serviço especializado de hematologia Iron deficiency: still the main cause of referral of children to hematology services for reason of anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Antônio Portugal Santana

    2009-09-01

    children did not receive any treatment at the referring service. One hundred and eleven (71.3% were diagnosed as having iron-deficiency anemia. Thirteen children (8.6% received a diagnosis of thalassemia minor; and a further thirteen other anemia-related diagnoses. 11.5% had no kind of anemia. The mean hemoglobin levels were significantly higher when tested by a hematologist than at the referring services (9.7±1.9 vs. 8.9±2.0; p=0.001. Only 16.2% of children did not respond to initial treatment with oral iron salts, with iron (II sulfate being the medication usually prescribed (79.3%. CONCLUSIONS: iron deficiency was the main cause of children being referred to a specialized service for reason of anemia. Unnecessary referral of individuals with iron-deficiency anemia is potentially harmful to patients and puts an excessive burden on the health system.

  15. Research on the Prevalence of Iron-Deficiency Anemia and Its Influencing Factors among Infants%婴幼儿缺铁性贫血现状及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈健; 陆燕; 盛红斌; 梁友

    2011-01-01

    @@ 营养性缺铁性贫血是婴幼儿时期常见的营养性疾病,缺铁性贫血 (iron-deficiency anemia,IDA)是由于体内铁缺乏导致血红蛋白减少所致,IDA是铁缺乏症的晚期表现.铁缺乏不仅影响造血机能,还影响儿童生长发育、运动和免疫等各种功能.本文对在我院儿保门诊系统管理的婴幼儿贫血状况及影响因素作一分析. 对象与方法 1 对象 2009年2-10月在我院儿保门诊系统管理的年龄为6月~ 3岁的婴幼儿2645名,其中男童1330名,女童1315名,分成6月~组、1岁~组、2~3岁组共3组.

  16. Evaluation of Platelet and Red Blood Cell Parameters with Proposal of Modified Score as Discriminating Guide for Iron Deficiency Anemia and β-Thalassemia Minor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrivastava, Vikas; Chandra, Smita; Rawat, Anil; Nautiyal, Ruchira

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) and β-Thalassaemia Minor (BTM) are considered to be important cause of microcytic hypochromic anaemia. Studies have evaluated various red cell parameters which are easily available on electronic cell counters for discrimination of IDA and BTM in different ethnic populations. The analysis of previously established red cell discriminative indices with new cut-off have also been done by studies which may be relevant in their set of population for differentiation. Aim The study was conducted to propose a modified score considering the established red blood cell indices with a new cut off and to formulate index taking into consideration Red Blood Cell (RBC) and platelet parameters for early differentiation of IDA and BTM. Materials and Methods The prospective study included cases with MCV< 80 fl and new modified score of 11 was proposed by statistically analysing the previous discriminative indices with new cut-off by giving score 0 for IDA and score 1 for BTM. The summation of all scores gave modified 11 T score. A new cut off for differentiation of IDA and BTM was proposed in the study by using ROC curve and analysing AUC which statistically corresponded to highest accuracy. An attempt to formulate a new index using the RBC and platelet parameters was also made for initial discrimination. Results The study included 153 cases and in addition to red blood cell parameters, mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width also showed statistical significant difference between IDA and BTM (p<0.05). Modified new 11 T score was 87.6% specific for BTM while proposed index showed 80.4% negative predictive value for BTM and correctly identified 75% of cases. Conclusion The proposed new index and modified 11T score may be used for initial discrimination of BTM and IDA especially in resource limited regions. Apart from RBC parameters, mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width may also be useful in early differentiation

  17. Impacto de orientação dietética sistemática no primeiro ano de vida nas prevalências de anemia e deficiência de ferro aos 12-16 meses The impact of systematic dietary counseling during the first year of life on prevalence rates of anemia and iron deficiency at 12-16 months

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele Ane Bortolini

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção baseada em orientação dietética na prevalência de deficiência de ferro, anemia e anemia por deficiência de ferro entre crianças na idade de 12 a 16 meses. MÉTODOS: Recém-nascidos foram randomizados para compor os grupos intervenção e controle. As mães do grupo intervenção receberam orientações dietéticas durante 10 visitas domiciliares realizadas nos primeiros 10 dias após o parto, mensalmente até os 6 meses e, posteriormente, aos 8, 10 e 12 meses; o grupo controle recebeu apenas visitas para coletas de dados nas idades de 6 e 12 meses. Quando as crianças apresentaram idade de 12 a 16 meses, realizou-se inquérito alimentar recordatório de 24 horas, hemograma e ferritina. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que não houve evidência de efeito da intervenção sobre a ocorrência de anemia, a qual foi de 66,5% no grupo intervenção e de 61,8% no grupo controle. Também não houve diferença na prevalência de deficiência de ferro e anemia por deficiência de ferro entre os grupos. No entanto, foi evidenciado melhor padrão alimentar nas crianças do grupo intervenção. Maior proporção de crianças do grupo intervenção foi amamentada exclusivamente na idade de 4 a 6 meses e amamentada nas idades de 6 a 12 meses. Além de apresentar maior consumo de carne e dietas com maior biodisponibilidade em ferro, também apresentaram menor consumo de leite de vaca e cálcio do que as crianças do grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: A intervenção não resultou em redução na prevalência de anemia, deficiência de ferro e anemia por deficiência de ferro. Número de identificação de registro de ensaios clínicos: NCT00629629.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact that a program based on maternal dietary counseling covering breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding had on the prevalence of iron deficiency, anemia and iron deficiency anemia in children aged 12 to 16 months. METHODS

  18. Efficacy observation of iron deficiency anemia prevention in 207 low birth weight infants%207例低出生体重儿预防缺铁性贫血的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵小飞; 刘杰; 郑娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of iron supplementation for preventing iron deficiency anemia of mild low birth weight infants at different ages, to provide reference for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in low birth weight infant. Methods Totally 207 mild low birth weight infants were divided into 3 experimental groups (groupⅠ:starting iron supplement from the age of 2 weeks;groupⅡ:starting iron sup-plement from the age of 4 weeks; groupⅢ: starting iron supplement from the age of 2 months) and one control group (groupⅣ:without iron supplement) basing on the principle of parent informed consent. The iron supplement was 2 mg·kg-1·d-1 for subjects in the three experimental groups. Performed blood cell analysis of all subjects respec-tively at the beginning, age of 3 months and 6 months, compared the HGB, MCV, MCH, MCHC and anemia incidence rate of each group. Occurrence of adverse reaction were monitored at the same time. Results The hemoglobin levels of groupⅠ,ⅡandⅢwere higher than that of groupⅣ, and the incidence rates of groupⅠ,ⅡandⅢwere lower than that of the groupⅣ. The differences were statistically significant (P0.05);there were no statistically significant differences between the hemoglobin levels and anemia incidence rates of groupⅠand groupⅡ(P>0.05);GroupⅠshowed most adverse reactions. Conclusion It would be better to start iron sup-plementation at the age of 4 weeks so as to prevent iron deficiency anemia in mild low birth weight infants. Earlier iron supplementation will increase the incidence of adverse reaction, while later iron supplementation will increase the incidence of anemia.%目的:观察不同时期开始补铁以预防轻度低出生体重儿缺铁性贫血的疗效及不良反应发生情况,为预防低出生体重儿缺铁性贫血提供参考。方法将207例轻度低出生体重儿按家长知情同意原则分为三个实验组(Ⅰ组从2周龄

  19. Políticas públicas para o controle da anemia ferropriva Public policies to control iron deficiency in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Sophia C Szarfarc

    2010-01-01

    A anemia por deficiência de ferro configura um problema epidemiológico da maior relevância atuando nos gastos públicos de saúde, nas consequências sociais do aumento de riscos no período gestacional, na redução da produtividade e, ainda, nas consequências, em longo prazo, do desenvolvimento mental. Algumas datas marcam o envolvimento do governo brasileiro em busca de alternativas de controle da deficiência marcial: 1977 - 1ª Reunião do Ministério da Saúde (INAN), com especialistas nacionais e...

  20. Effect of Nutritional Intervention for Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy%妊娠期缺铁性贫血患者的营养干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐红艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To carry out nutritional intervention for patients with iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy and to ex-plore the effective nutrition intervention model for pregnant women.Methods The medical record of 160 cases of pregnant women ad-mitted into our hospital from November 2012 to October was retrospectively analyzed.The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 80 cases in each group.The control group was not given any nutritional intervention, while the obser-vation group was, mainly including dietary survey and health education prescription.The indexes of the two groups were observed and analyzed, and the iron intake, cell hemolysis ratio and serum ferritin of the patients in the 10th, 20th, and 30th week were respec-tively evaluated.Results The difference in the age, gestational age, BMI and hematologic parameters of the patients with iron defi-ciency anemia during pregnancy between the control group and the observation group was not statistically significant (P>0.05).With significantly good indexes of the observation group compared with those of the control group after nutritional intervention was given, the difference in the indexes between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The effect of nutritional inter-vention for patients with iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is particularly notable.With certain feasibility, this treatment is wor-thy of clinical promotion.%目的:对妊娠期缺铁性贫血患者实施营养干预,并探讨有效的孕妇营养干预模式。方法回顾性分析我院于2012年11月至2013年10月收治的160例孕妇的病历资料,随机的分为对照组和观察组,对照组和观察组各80例,对照组80例缺铁性患者不采取任何营养干预,观察组缺铁性患者采取相关的营养干预,主要有膳食调查监测和健康教育处方等,观察分析两组患者各项指标情况,分别于第10周、第20周和第30周

  1. Iron Deficiency and Bariatric Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera

    2013-01-01

    It is estimated that the prevalence of anaemia in patients scheduled for bariatric surgery is higher than in the general population and the prevalence of iron deficiencies (with or without anaemia) may be higher as well. After surgery, iron deficiencies and anaemia may occur in a higher percentage of patients, mainly as a consequence of nutrient deficiencies. In addition, perioperative anaemia has been related with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality and poorer quality of life aft...

  2. Anemia ferropriva em crianças de 6 a 12 meses atendidas na rede pública de saúde do município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais Iron deficiency anemia in 6 to 12-month-old infants attended at the public health service of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Góes da SILVA

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivos verificar a prevalência de anemia em lactentes de 6 a 12 meses atendidos na rede pública de saúde do município de Viçosa, MG e analisar alguns possíveis fatores de risco. As informações foram obtidas através de questionário aplicado aos responsáveis pela criança e através da verificação de medidas antropométricas e da dosagem de hemoglobina por hemoglobinômetro portátil. No diagnóstico de anemia, utilizou-se o ponto de corte de 11 g/dL. A prevalência de anemia ferropriva nas 204 crianças estudadas foi 60,8%, e 55,6% dos casos de anemia eram graves. A média da hemoglobina foi 9,28±1,07 nos anêmicos e 12,07±0,89 mg/dL nos não-anêmicos. A baixa escolaridade paterna e a idade materna mostraram associação estatística com a anemia (pThis study aimed at verifying the prevalence of anemia in 6 to 12-month-old infantsattended at the public health service of the city of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, and analyzing some possible risk factors. Information was obtained through questionnaire applied to those responsible for the infants and through the verification of the anthropometric measures and the hemoglobin dosage by portable hemoglobinometer. In diagnosing anemia, a 11g/dL cutoff point was used. The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in a total of 204 infants reached 60.8%, and 55.6% of the cases of anemia were serious. The hemoglobin average was 9.28±1.07 mg/dL in anemic infants, and 12.07± 0.89 mg/dL in non-anemic ones. The father's low school level and the mother's age showed statistical association with anemia (p<0.05. A high prevalence and severity of the anemia was found, emphasizing the need for prevention and control of this disease in the city of Viçosa.

  3. Mild Maternal Iron Deficiency Anemia Induces Hearing Impairment Associated with Reduction of Ribbon Synapse Density and Dysregulation of VGLUT3, Myosin VIIa, and Prestin Expression in Young Guinea Pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Fei; Hao, Shuai; Yang, Bo; Zhao, Yue; Zhang, Wenyue; Yang, Jun

    2016-05-01

    Mild maternal iron deficiency anemia (IDA) adversely affects the development of cochlear hair cells of the young offspring, but the mechanisms underlying the association are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether mild maternal IDA in guinea pigs could interrupt inner hair cell (IHC) ribbon synapse density and outer hair cell motility of the offspring. Here, we established a dietary restriction model that allows us to study quantitative changes in the number of IHC ribbon synapses and hearing impairment in response to mild maternal IDA in young guinea pig. The offspring were weaned on postnatal day (PND) 9 and then were given the iron-sufficient diet. On PND 24, pups were examined the hearing function by auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) measurements. Then, the cochleae were harvested for assessment of the number of IHC ribbon synapses by immunofluorescence, the morphology of cochlear hair cells, and spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) by scanning electron microscope and hematoxylin-eosin staining, the location, and expression of vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT) 3, myosin VIIa, and prestin by immunofluorescence and blotting. Here, we show that mild maternal IDA in guinea pigs induced elevated ABR threshold shifts, declined DPOAE level shifts, and reduced the number of ribbon synapses, impaired the morphology of cochlear hair cells and SGCs in offsprings. In addition, downregulation of VGLUT3 and myosin VIIa, and upregulation of prestin were observed in the cochlea of offsprings from mild maternal IDA in guinea pigs. These data indicate that mild maternal IDA in guinea pigs induced hearing impairment in offsprings, and this deficit may be attributed to the reduction of ribbon synapse density and dysregulation of VGLUT3, myosin VIIa, and prestin. PMID:26913517

  4. Anemia ferropriva e estado nutricional de crianças com idade de 12 a 60 meses do município de Viçosa, MG Iron deficiency anemia and nutritional status of children aged 12 to 60 months in the city of Viçosa, MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana da Silva Miranda

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo transversal abrangeu crianças com idade de 12 a 60 meses assistidas pelo serviço público de saúde do município de Viçosa, objetivando avaliar a prevalência de anemia e anemia grave, e a relação entre o estado nutricional e a anemia ferropriva, nessas crianças. Para o diagnóstico de anemia, foi utilizado o beta-hemoglobinômetro (Hemocue, considerando o ponto de corte proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde de 11,0 g/dL para anemia, e para a anemia grave considerou-se 9,5g/dL. Das 171 crianças atendidas, 63,2% estavam anêmicas e 43,5% destas apresentavam anemia grave. Analisando o estado nutricional, encontrou-se uma alta porcentagem de crianças desnutridas, sendo considerados os índices de peso/idade, peso/estatura e estatura/idade (11,7%, 7,0% e 5,8%, respectivamente. Observou-se alta prevalência de anemia entre as faixas etárias mais precoces. Não foi verificada associação entre anemia e estado nutricional. Torna-se, portanto, necessário trabalhar de forma preventiva a anemia, bem como alertar os profissionais da área de saúde quanto ao diagnóstico precoce, profilaxia e tratamento.This cross sectional study included children aged 12 to 60 months attended by the public health service in the city of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais. The objective was to evaluate the prevalences of anemia and serious anemia, the hemoglobin levels and the relation between nutritional status and iron deficiency anemia in these children. For the diagnosis of anemia, (Hemocue was used, and the cutoff point of 11.0 g/dL proposed by the World Health Organization for anemia, and was adopted serious anemia, was adopted 9,5g/dL. A total of 171 children was evaluated; 62.2% were anemic and 43.5% of these were seriously anemic. Analyzing the nutritional status, a high percentage of under nourished children was found, according to the indexes weight/age, weight/height and height/age (11.7%, 7.0% and 5.8%, respectively. A high

  5. Situation of Iron Deficiency and Its Management Prioritizing Dietary Intervention in Nepal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adhikari, BK; Koirala, U; Lama, STA;

    2012-01-01

    the extent of iron deficiency anemia and intake of dietary iron among the general population in Nepal. Materials and methods Published research articles, books, bulletins, and online materials regarding iron deficiency were studied in both national and international scenarios. Results Nearly 46 percent...... of children (6–59 months) and 35 percent of women (15–49 years) were still suffering from anemia though the trend has been decreasing for the last 15 years. Mostly, young children (6–23 months) and pregnant women were the victims due to their high iron requirements and lower intake of dietary iron. The most...... common risk factors related to iron deficiency anemia (IDA) found in different studies were low intake of dietary iron, vitamin A deficiency, hookworm infection, malaria, heavy menstrual blood loss, and multiparity. Iron deficiency situation in the Nepalese population is triggered by Illiteracy, lack...

  6. Subpopulações dos reticulócitos e fração de reticulócitos imaturos como indicadores de aumento da eritropoese em doentes com anemia por deficiência de ferro Reticulocyte subpopulations and immature reticulocyte fractions as indicators of increased erythropoiesi in patients with iron deficiency anaemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana R. João

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é o de estudar as subpopulações dos reticulócitos e a fração de reticulócitos imaturos (IFR enquanto indicadores de atividade eritropoética em pacientes com anemia por deficiência de ferro e determinar o seu grau de correlação com os marcadores tradicionais de deficiência de ferro. Estudamos um total de 96 indivíduos, com idades compreendidas entre os 20 e os 86 anos, divididos em dois grupos: indivíduos controle (n=30 e indivíduos com anemia por deficiência de ferro (n=66. A todos eles foi efetuado hemograma completo, incluindo contagem de reticulócitos e os seus índices de maturação, ferro, transferrina, ferritina e capacidade total de fixação do ferro. Os indivíduos com anemia por deficiência de ferro mostraram um aumento da proporção de IFR quando comparados com o grupo controle (15.02 ± 9.70% vs 6.43 ± 3.98%, pThe aim of this work is to investigate reticulocyte subpopulations and immature reticulocyte fractions as indicators of bone marrow erythropoietic activity in patients with iron-deficiency anemia and their correlations with traditional hematological and biochemical markers of iron deficiency. A total of 96 individuals, aged 20 to 86 years old, were included in this study. These individuals were divided into two groups: healthy controls (n=30 and iron-deficiency anemia (n=66. Complete blood counts including reticulocytes and their subpopulations, iron, ferritin and transferrin and total binding capacity were determined in all individuals. Patients with iron-deficiency anemia had an increased proportion of immature reticulocyte fractions when compared with controls (15.02 ± 9.70% vs. 6.43 ± 3.98%, p<0.01, respectively. Comparing patients with healthy controls, the investigation of the subpopulations revealed higher medium-fluorescent reticulocyte (12.69 ± 6.69% vs. 5.88 ± 3.59%, respectively p<0.01 and high-fluorescent reticulocyte (1.45 [0.38-3.10] vs. 0.40 [0.00-0.90], p<0

  7. Caracterización de lactantes menores de un año con anemia ferropénica Characterization of infants under one year with iron-deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Mariela Sosa Zamora; Danelly Suárez Feijoo; Alberto Núñez Guerrra; Yuramis González Díaz; Sara Riccis Salas Palacio

    2012-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo de 16 niños diagnosticados con anemia, pertenecientes al Policlínico Universitario "Josué País García" de Santiago de Cuba, desde diciembre de 2011 hasta febrero de 2012, a fin de caracterizar los lactantes menores de 1 año con anemia ferropénica. Entre las variables estudiadas figuraron: antecedentes prenatales, natales y posnatales, sexo, tipo de lactancia, clasificación de la anemia, así como enfermedades padecidas. En la serie...

  8. Effects of Iron Deficiency on Cognitive Function in School Going Adolescent Females in Rural Area of Central India

    OpenAIRE

    Sarika More; Shivkumar, V. B.; Nitin Gangane; Sumeet Shende

    2013-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is most common nutritional deficiency disorder in India and remains a formidable health challenge. Girls in the period of later school age and early adolescence are prone to develop iron deficiency. Iron deficiency leads to many non-hematological disturbances which include growth and development, depressed immune function in infants; reduces physical work capacity; decreases the cognitive function in both infants and adolescents. Present study was done to know the preva...

  9. Analysis of iron deficiency anemia of 4 months-3 years old infants in Jinan City%济南市4个月至3岁婴幼儿缺铁性贫血调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑赟; 刘淑珍; 鞠丽娜; 孙燕

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解济南市药山社区婴幼儿缺铁性贫血现状,探讨影响济南市儿童缺铁性贫血的影响因素,促进小儿健康成长.方法 对2007年10月至2010年12月来山东黄河医院儿保门诊健康查体的1 094例4个月至3岁健康足月婴幼儿进行研究,查末梢血血常规,分析各年龄段贫血患病率,进一步分析贫血与6个月内喂养方式、母亲文化程度、喂养习惯与缺铁性贫血的关系.结果 药山社区4个月至3岁婴幼儿缺铁性贫血总患病率为37.9%(415/1 094),其中轻度贫血占88.2%(366/415),中度贫血占11.8%(49/415).贫血的患病率与月龄、母亲文化程度、6个月内喂养方式、是否合理添加辅食有关,6个月~<12月婴儿患病率明显高于其他组(χ2=14.95~31.93,P<0.01);母亲文化程度高者贫血的患病率低(χ2=10.86~47.02,P<0.01);人工喂养者的患病率明显高于母乳和混合喂养者(χ2=15.26~23.38,P<0.01);合理添加辅食者贫血的患病率明显下降(χ2=31.18,P<0.01).结论 药山社区婴幼儿贫血总患病率仍较高,贫血现状不容乐观,应采取有效措施大力改善婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血.%Objective To understand the current situation of iron deficiency anemia ( IDA ) in infants and young children in Yaoshan Community of Jinan City and to explore the influencing factors of IDA in the studied community, so as to promote the healthy growth of them. Methods From October 2007 to December 2010, 1 094 cases of 4 months to 3 years old healthy full-term infants and young children visiting child health outpatient for health examination were studied. Their peripheral blood samples were taken to analyze the prevalence of anemia at different ages. Further relationship between IDA and feeding patterns in the first 6 months, and the maternal education, and feeding was analyzed. Results The total prevalence rate of IDA was 37. 9% ( 415/1 094 ) in the studied children in Yaoshan Community, including 88.2% ( 366

  10. Pengaruh Anemia Defisiensi Besi Ibu Hamil Terhadap Kadar T3, T4 Dan TSH Bayi Baru Lahir

    OpenAIRE

    Suratmin

    2010-01-01

    Background Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in infants is associated to the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. There are many factors that influence the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in infants. A baby of anemic mother has lower haemoglobin level than non anemic mother. Several studies were suggested that iron deficiency anemia in neonate can influence the work of thyroid peroxydase (TPO) enzyme to produce thyroid hormones. A study reported that iron deficiency anem...

  11. Pengaruh Anemia Defisiensi Besi pada Ibu terhadap Kadar T3,T4 dan TSH Bayi Baru Lahir

    OpenAIRE

    Suratmin

    2011-01-01

    Background Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in infants is associated to the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. There are many factors that influence the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in infants. A baby of anemic mother has lower haemoglobin level than non anemic mother. Several studies were suggested that iron deficiency anemia in neonate can influence the work of thyroid peroxydase (TPO) enzyme to produce thyroid hormones. A study reported that iron deficiency anem...

  12. Obesity as an Emerging Risk Factor for Iron Deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmar Aigner

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Iron homeostasis is affected by obesity and obesity-related insulin resistance in a many-facetted fashion. On one hand, iron deficiency and anemia are frequent findings in subjects with progressed stages of obesity. This phenomenon has been well studied in obese adolescents, women and subjects undergoing bariatric surgery. On the other hand, hyperferritinemia with normal or mildly elevated transferrin saturation is observed in approximately one-third of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD. This constellation has been named the “dysmetabolic iron overload syndrome (DIOS”. Both elevated body iron stores and iron deficiency are detrimental to health and to the course of obesity-related conditions. Iron deficiency and anemia may impair mitochondrial and cellular energy homeostasis and further increase inactivity and fatigue of obese subjects. Obesity-associated inflammation is tightly linked to iron deficiency and involves impaired duodenal iron absorption associated with low expression of duodenal ferroportin (FPN along with elevated hepcidin concentrations. This review summarizes the current understanding of the dysregulation of iron homeostasis in obesity.

  13. Iron deficiency - a global problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron deficiency is an important nutritional global problem. This paper contains summery of information gathered from a dietary survey as iron deficiency anaemia is major public health problem in many developing countries including Pakistan. Comparison of anaemia in different age group and sex versus various regions in the world are given. In Pakistan also anaemia is widespread. According to the report of Micro-Nutrient survey of Pakistan 40% of the population are found to have low level of haemoglobin, more than half of pregnant women suffered from marginal or deficient haemoglobin. (A.B.)

  14. 214例婴儿缺铁性贫血的特点及其相关因素分析%Analysis on Features and Related Factors of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 214 Infants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蕙; 周敏; 曹雪梅; 徐鸣; 李丹; 史宏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and the risk factors of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants.Methods The retrospective study of clinical data involving 214 IDA inpatients aged 4- 12 months old in our hospital from January 2002 to June 2009 was carried out.Results Among 214 infantile cases, infants less than 6 months old accounted 12.62% and infants more than 6 months old accounted for 87.38%.Rural infants with IDA were more prevalent than city infants (61.21% vs.38.79% ).Most of these IDA infants had mild to moderate anemia degree (56.54% and 38.79% ), only 4.67% inpatients were severe anemia.The prevalence rate of IDA in infants with breast- feeding without food supplement on time was 29.44%, which was more than that in infants with artificial feeding and mixed feeding.Most of these infants were full term infants (89.25% ), while only 10.75% were premature or twins.Laboratory examination indicated serum iron decrease (49.06% ), ferritin decrease (56.07%) and serum transferrin receptor increase (33.33%).A hundred and eighty - four cases (85.98%) of these IDA infants were hospitalized because of varied complications such as respiratory infection.Conclusion Infants with IDA are more prevalent in rural infants more than 6 months old, in which the main cause is breast- feeding without food supplement on time.And IDA is often neglected because most of the patients could see a doctor due to complicating diseases.Prevention aiming at high risk groups, early diagnosis and early treatment are very important.%目的 分析医院婴儿缺铁性贫血的特点和相关危险因素.方法 回顾性分析儿童医院2002年1月至2009年6月收治的214例缺铁性贫血患儿的临床资料.结果 214例患儿中,6月龄以下占12.62%,6月龄以上占87.38%;农村患儿占61.21%,城市患儿占38.79% ;轻度贫血占56.54%,中度贫血占38.79%,重度贫血占4.67%;母乳喂养但未按时添加辅食者占29.44%;足月儿占89

  15. Anemia caused by low iron - children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anemia - iron deficiency - children ... able to absorb iron well, even though the child is eating enough iron Slow blood loss over ... bleeding in the digestive tract Iron deficiency in children can also be related to lead poisoning .

  16. La anemia por deficiencia de hierro en la población infantil de Cuba. Brechas por cerrar Iron deficiency anemia in the child population of Cuba. Gaps to be bridged

    OpenAIRE

    Gisela Pita-Rodríguez; Santa Jiménez-Acosta

    2011-01-01

    La anemia es un problema de salud mundial que afecta tanto a los países desarrollados como a aquellos en desarrollo. Sus causas pueden ser multifactoriales y frecuentemente pueden coexisitir varias de ellas; la principal es la baja ingestión de alimentos con fuentes adecuadas de hierro, tanto en cantidad como en calidad. En Cuba se está trabajando desde el año 1987 en el desarrollo de programas de intervención para la prevención de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro en la población, pero a p...

  17. How Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tofu Dried fruits, such as prunes, raisins, and apricots Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables Prune ... C than canned ones. If you're taking medicines, ask your doctor or pharmacist whether you can ...

  18. Comparação entre dois métodos de suplementação de ferro para a prevenção da anemia ferropriva no primeiro ano de vida em crianças nascidas prematuras Comparison between two methods of supplemental iron intake to prevent iron deficiency anemia in the first year of life of preterm infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele M.C. Vianna

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: comparar dois métodos de suplementação de ferro (fórmula fortificada versus gotas de sulfato ferroso para prevenir a anemia por carência de ferro em prematuros. Métodos: foram incluídos sessenta e seis lactentes, nascidos com até 36 semanas de gestação e peso de 1.000g até 2.000g. Quarenta crianças completaram o seguimento previsto, do 2º ao 12º mês de vida, divididas em dois grupos - grupo A: 20 lactentes que receberam fórmula fortificada, com 11mg Fe/litro; e grupo B: 20 lactentes alimentados com leite de vaca em pó integral, suplementado com sulfato ferroso em gotas (2mg Fe/kg/dia. Foi coletado sangue aos dois e 12 meses de idade (2ml para dosagens de hemoglobina, hematócrito, ferro sérico, TIBC, ferritina sérica e protoporfirina eritrocitária livre; e aos seis meses (1 ml, para hemoglobina e hematócrito. Para análise estatística, usou-se o teste "t" de Student e o do "qui-quadrado" (chi2, com p £ 10ng/ml, contra doze (60% do grupo B (p Objective: to compare 2 methods of iron supplementation (fortified formula versus medicinal iron drops to prevent iron deficiency anemia in preterm infants. Methods: sixty six premature infants weighing between 1000-2000g were included in the study. Forty infants completed the whole follow-up period, divided into 2 groups: Group A: 20 infants fed with iron fortified formula (11mg Fe/l; Group B: 20 infants fed powder cow's milk supplemented with 2mg Fe/kg/day, as drops of ferrous sulphate. At 2 and 12 months 2 ml of blood were collected to measure hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum iron, TIBC, serum ferritin and free erythrocyte porphyryns. At the 6th month 1ml of blood was drawn for hemoglobin and hematocrit determinations. Statistical analysis used the Student "t" test and (chi2, with p£ 10ng/ml, against 12 (60% of the Group B (p < 0.02. Conclusions: the iron fortified formula was significantly more efficient than medicinal iron drops to prevent iron deficiency anemia of preterm

  19. The exclusion of hypochromia from the iron deficiency screen

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    Jolobe OMP

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Oscar MP Jolobe Manchester Medical Society, Manchester, UKWhen the screening strategy for iron deficiency makes use of mean corpuscular volume (MCV to the exclusion of mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH, as was the case in the recent study by Radia et al1 there is a risk of repeating the mistakes highlighted in a retrospective analysis of the management of anemia, microcytosis, and hypochromia in preoperative subjects in South Australia.2Read the original paper by Radia and colleagues.

  20. Risks of iron deficiency among vegetarian college women

    OpenAIRE

    Kimberly Grage Englehardt; Susan N. Hawk; Cindi Small

    2012-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency disease worldwide and poses a major threat in women of child-bearing age and those who follow a vegetarian diet. The objective of this study was to ascertain whether differences exist in iron status markers between female university students following a vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet. This study took a cross sectional analysis of 39 female students at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly State University) in San...

  1. Iron Deficiency in Autism and Asperger Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latif, A.; Heinz, P.; Cook, R.

    2002-01-01

    Retrospective analysis of the full blood count and, when available, serum ferritin measurements of 96 children (52 with autism and 44 with Asperger syndrome) found six autistic children had iron deficiency and 12 of the 23 autistic children with serum ferritin measures were iron deficient. Far fewer Asperger children were iron deficient. Results…

  2. Metabolomic Analysis of Cerebrospinal Fluid Indicates Iron Deficiency Compromises Cerebral Energy Metabolism in the Infant Monkey

    OpenAIRE

    Rao, Raghavendra; Ennis, Kathleen; Oz, Gulin; Lubach, Gabriele R.; Georgieff, Michael K.; Coe, Christopher L.

    2012-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia affects many pregnant women and young infants worldwide. The health impact is significant, given iron’s known role in many body functions, including oxidative and lipid metabolism, protein synthesis and brain neurochemistry. The following research determined if 1H NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could detect the adverse influence of early life iron deficiency on the central nervous system. Using a controlled dietary model in 43 i...

  3. The analysis of the correlation of iron deficiency anemia of 6 months to 6 years old children in Huaibei%淮北地区6个月至6岁儿童缺铁性贫血调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素侠

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the correlation of iron deficiency anemia ( IDA) of months to 6 years old children in Huaibei. Methods: Trace element iron and the parameters of hemoglobin and red blood cell were detcected by atomic absorption method and three classification of blood cell analyzer respectively. Results: The incidence of anemia and iron deficiency of different ages had statistical significance ( P 0. 05 ) . The incidence of IDA and recessive IDA of all cases were 8. 0% and 5. 4% respectively. The incidence of IDA in rural area was significant higher than that in urban area(8. 20% versus 2. 55% ,P 0.05);6个月至6岁儿童IDA占8.0%,隐性IDA(血红蛋白正常,MCV、MCH减少)占5.4%.农村地区儿童贫血率8.20%高于城市地区2.55%(P<0.01).结论:微量元素铁的测定可以作为早期发现儿童IDA的筛查试验,特别是隐性IDA的早期诊断.积极采取综合干预措施,加强营养教育才能提高儿童健康水平.

  4. 农村地区6个月~7岁儿童贫血及铁缺乏情况调查及干预%Analysis on status and intervention of anemia and iron deficiency among children aged 6 months to 7 years old in rural areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 傅苏林; 邵子瑜; 殷刚柱; 汪小燕; 李梦月

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解合肥市农村地区6个月~7岁儿童的贫血及铁缺乏情况及干预效果。方法采取随机抽样的方法抽取2095名6个月~7岁儿童进行问卷调查并测定血红蛋白,对贫血和(或)铁缺乏的儿童进行干预。结果2095名研究对象中,正常儿童1764名,检出贫血患儿331例,检出率为15.80%。其中铁缺乏检出114人,检出率为5.44%,贫血患儿中铁缺乏检出率为34.44%。在接受干预的281名儿童中有218名血红蛋白恢复到正常水平,即干预后正常儿童为1982名,占96.92%;轻度、中度贫血检出率均明显下降。结论合肥市农村地区儿童贫血及铁缺乏干预效果显著。加强儿童贫血相关健康教育,科学合理的喂养方法及早期正确的喂养行为可以有效防治婴幼儿贫血及铁缺乏。%Objective To study on the status and intervention of anemia and iron deficiency among children aged 6 months to 7 years old in rural areas of Hefei city. Methods A total of 2095 children aged 6 months to 7 years old were investigated with questionnaire, the he-moglobin and ferritin were tested, and children with anemia and/or iron deficiency were dealt with health education and nutrition package. Results There were 331 children with anemia (15. 80%) and 114 children with iron deficiency (5. 44%) among 2095 children. A total of 281 children accepted intervention and the hemoglobin of 218 anemia children returned to normal levels, and there were 1982(96. 92%) nor-mal children among 2095 children after intervention. The morbidity rate of mild and moderate anemia was decreased. Conclusion The inter-vention effect of the children with anemia and iron deficiency is remarkable. Strengthening the health education, using scientific and reasona-ble method of feeding and the right method about feeding behavior of anemia children can effectively prevent and cure anemia and iron defi-ciency in children.

  5. Fatores associados a anemia por deficiência de ferro em crianças pré-escolares brasileiras Factors associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian preschool children

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos A. N. de Almeida; Rubens G. Ricco; Luiz A. Del Ciampo; Ana M. Souza; Adriana P. Pinho; José E. Dutra de Oliveira

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar fatores determinantes de anemia e deficiência de ferro em crianças de duas creches da cidade de Pontal, sudeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal foi realizado avaliando-se 192 crianças com idades entre 12 e 72 meses. Dados pessoais (idade, sexo, uso de ferro medicamentoso, duração do aleitamento materno, tipo de parto, cuidados pré-natais, peso e estatura) e dados socioeconômicos (número de co-habitantes, escolaridade dos pais e renda per capita familiar) foram obtidos...

  6. Hipovitaminose A e anemia ferropriva em gestantes de duas comunidades do Vale do Ribeira (Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women of two communities of the Ribeira River Valley (State of S. Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Roncada

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estudar deficiências de vitamina A e de ferro em mulheres grávidas, a nível de comunidade, estudou-se 60 gestantes, residentes na zona urbana de Apiaí e Ribeira (Estado de São Paulo, através de inquérito bioquímico, realizando-se dosagens séricas de beta-caroteno, vitamina A, hemoglobina, ferro sérico e capacidade de ligação de ferro, bem como determinação do hematócrito. Os resultados foram comentados e apontaram não haver hipovitaminose A nesta amostra, apesar de haver grande proporção de resultados de caroteno sérico considerados não-normais. Houve maior prevalência de anemia entre gestantes de Ribeira. A comparação dos resultados obtidos entre as gestantes com respectivos grupos-testemunha, apontou freqüência maior de casos considerados não-normais entre as primeiras, em todos os coeficientes levantados.The present study was carried out on sixty pregnant women residing in the urban area of the cities of Apiaí and Ribeira, State of S. Paulo. Samples were taken from each subject in order to study blood levels of beta-carotene, vitamin A, hemoglobin, serum iron and iron binding capacity as well as packed cell volume, with the objective of studying vitamin A and iron deficiency. The results showed that vitamin A deficiency was absent although a large proportion of carotene levels was abnormal. Regarding anemia, prevalence was higher in Ribeira residents. Refering all results to a control group, it was found that frequency was higher in the sample subjects.

  7. Effect of Iron Deficiency on Motor Development and Cognitive Functions in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Mahir Kayiran

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Iron is an essential element for the human organism. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is one of the most important health problems in Turkey. Iron deficiency (ID is more frequently seen that IDA. In developed countries, although the incidence of iron deficiency-related anemia has declined significantly, the condition still remains a health issue. Because, as with IDA, iron deficiency can lead to growth retardation in children, this is regarded as a major public health problem. Cognitive, emotional, motor and behavioral test results in children with the condition are adversely affected. Many studies have been carried out to learn the causes and mechanisms of the condition and to ascertain whether the effects are reversible. The condition causes a permanent decline of intelligence In untreated children or whenever treatment is delayed. For this reason, an iron-rich diet is important in all stages of life and it is particularly important for mothers to supplement their iron intake during pregnancy to ensure that the newborn starts off life with a rich store of iron. Developmental retardation is not completely curable with iron therapy. At the same time, if iron deficiency can be treated with iron supplements before it becomes a chronic and serious condition, motor, cognitive and emotional disorders may be prevented. This article reviews the emotional, motor and cognitive effects of iron deficiency in children as well as the impact of iron on neuronal functions. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 529-534

  8. Treatment of Iron Deficiency in Women

    OpenAIRE

    Breymann, C; Römer, T.; Dudenhausen, J. W.

    2013-01-01

    Iron deficiency with and without anaemia is a common cause of morbidity, particularly in women. Iron deficiency is generally the result of an imbalance between iron loss and iron absorption. In women with symptoms suspicious for iron deficiency, it is important to confirm or exclude the suspicion using proper tests. The use of serum ferritin levels is considered the gold standard for diagnosis. Although the ideal ferritin levels are not unknown the current consent is that le...

  9. A question mark on iron deficiency in 185 million people of Pakistan: its outcomes and prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Anwaar; Ahmad, Asif; Khalid, Nauman; David, Angel; Sandhu, Mansoor Abdullah; Randhawa, Muhammad Atif; Suleria, Hafiz Ansar Rasul

    2014-01-01

    Micronutrient deficiency especially the iron deficiency is the bane of our lives, affecting all strata of society. Unfortunately, the women during pregnancy, adolescence, and children are under this curse particularly in developing countries like Pakistan. It is one of the biggest reasons of complications during pregnancy and malnourished children under five years of age. Maternal death, still-births, and underweight births are most common consequences of iron deficiency and these outbreaks as iron-deficiency anemia in Pakistan. Disastrous nature of iron deficiency requires an urgent call to eradicate it. Hence, the solution should not be frail comparing with the huge economic loss and other incompatibilities. Flour fortification, supplementation, dietary diversification, and especially maternal education are possible solutions for combating this micronutrient deficiency. PMID:24580562

  10. Urinary hepcidin level as an early predictor of iron deficiency in children: A case control study

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    Gharib Amal F

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The ideal screening test would be capable of identifying iron deficiency in the absence of anemia. We tried to detect role of urinary hepcidin-25 level in early prediction of iron deficiency in children. Methods This is a case control study performed on 100 children in Hematology Unit of Pediatric Department, Zagazig University Hospital, Egypt. Our study included 25 cases of iron deficiency (ID stage-1 (iron depletion, 25 cases ID stage-2 (iron-deficient erythropoiesis, 25 cases ID stage-3 (iron deficiency anemia and 25 healthy children as a control group. Estimation of iron status parameters was done. Urinary hepcidin-25 level was detected. Results Urinary hepcidin-25 level was significantly lower in all stages of iron deficiency than in control group, more significant reduction in its level was observed with the progress in severity of iron deficiency. Urinary hepcidin showed significant positive correlation with hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit value, serum iron and ferritin and transferrin saturation. In contrary, it showed significant negative correlation with serum transferrin and total iron binding capacity. Urinary hepcidin at cutoff point ≤0.94 nmol/mmol Cr could Predict ID stage-1 with sensitivity 88% and specificity 88%. Cutoff point ≤0.42 nmol/mmol Cr could predict ID stage-2 with sensitivity 96% and specificity 92%. Cutoff point ≤0.08 nmol/mmol Cr could Predict ID stage-3 with Sensitivity 96% and specificity 100%. Conclusions We can conclude that detection of urinary hepcidin-25 level was a simple and non invasive test and could predict iron deficiency very early, before appearance of hematological affections.

  11. THE USE OF IRON-DEXTRAN AND FREE AND CONTROLLED ACCESS TO RED SOIL IN THE PERFORMANCE AND PREVENTION OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA IN PIGLETS USO DE FERRO DEXTRANO E ACESSO CONTROLADO E LIVRE À TERRA NO DESEMPENHO E PREVENÇÃO DA ANEMIA FERROPRIVA DOS LEITÕES

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    Romão da cunha Nunes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    A trial was carried out in order to evaluate the effects of free and controlled access to red soil, compared with the use of iron-dextran on the performance of weaning piglets and the prevention of iron deficiency anemia. Twelve groups of piglets from 17 sows and 2 boars crossed Landrace x Large White were submitted to the following treatments: T1 - Use of iron-dextran (200mg/piglet; T2 - Free access to soil daily; T3 - Access to soil in intervals of one day; T4 - Access to soil in intervals of two days in a completely randomized design, with three replicates per treatment. The results did not indicate any difference between the treatments in relation to the performance of piglets. The prevention of iron deficiency anemia was efficient when the iron-dextran was used and when the soil was freely offered daily or in one day-interval. The treatment with two days-interval showed values of hematocrite, in the 7th and 14th day, significantly lower than the other treatments.

    KEY-WORDS: Iron deficiency anemia; performance; piglets.

    Este trabalho teve o objetivo de verificar os efeitos do acesso à terra, controlado e livre, bem como o uso de ferro dextrano sobre o desempenho e a prevenção da anemia ferropriva em leitões. Foram utilizadas 12 leitegadas provenientes de um plantel de 17 matizes e 2 cachaços mestiços (Landrace x Large White. As leitegadas foram submetidas aos seguintes tratamentos: T1 - Ferro dextrano (200mg; T2 - Terra oferecida aos leitões diariamente; T3 - Terra oferecida aos leitões em dias alternados com intervalo de um dia; e T4 - Terra oferecida aos leitões em dias alternados com intervalos de 2 dias. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o

  12. Controle da anemia ferropriva em pré-escolares por meio da fortificação de alimento com concentrado de Hemoglobina Bovina (estudo preliminar Iron deficiency anemia control in pre-school children by food fortification with Bovine Hemoglobin (preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadir N. Nogueira

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available O efeito da introdução de biscoitos fortificados com ferro hemínico no estado de nutrição de ferro de pré-escolares foi avaliado em um estudo piloto que inclui 16 crianças, com idade entre 2 e 4 anos, de uma creche pública do estado do Piauí. A fonte de ferro utilizada foi o sangue bovino seco pelo processo de leito de jorro, uma alternativa para a secagem em spray, adaptada para a secagem de sangue. À primeira tomada de amostra, detectou-se anemia (Hb The effect of hemoglobin-fortified cookies on hemoglobin (Hb levels of 16 children (2 to 4 years of age were evaluated The children were attending a day nursery managed under the Social Welfare Service of the State of Piauí (northeast Brazil. All children were iron deficient according to the average transferrin saturation of 7.1 + 3,7 %, and 12 (75% of them were anemic (Hb < 11 g/dL. The average Hb concentration was 9.4 + 2,6 g/dL. Cookies fortified with 3% bovine concentrate (dried by the sponted bed technique were offered to the children over the course of 90 days (5 cookies (4mg Fe/child/d, with total iron intake of approximately 8 mg Fe/d. After the experimental period the levels of Hb in all children had risen to levels above 11.0 g/dL (average 13,2 + 0,2 g/dL. The results demonstrate the possibility of using dried Hb concentrate in food-fortification programs aimed at meeting daily iron requirements for pre-school and school children in Brazil.

  13. State of cognitive development in children 5-6 years of age with nutritional iron deficiency

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    Chechel V.V.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Features of the development of cognitive functions in children 5-6 years of age with iron deficiency (ID were studied and the relationship of the revealed features of iron deficiency degree was established. After clinical and laboratory examination 205 children aged 5-6 years, pupils of pre-school institutions were included in the study. The core group consisted of 155 children, including 105 children with latent iron deficiency (LID and 50 children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA I degree. The control group consisted of 50 healthy children. To study cognitive function, "Approximate comprehensive program of study of children's readiness for school" was used. A significant decrease of average data of all mental functions (perception, memory, language, thinking, ima¬gination in children 5-6 years old with ID, most pronounced in children with IDA was revealed. Indicators of cognitive functions correspond predominantly to a mild and moderate level of development in children with IDA, the average - in children with LID, good and high - in healthy children. There was a significant direct correlation between the level of cognitive functioning and the level of hemoglobin, serum iron and ferritin. The effect of iron deficiency on the development of indicators of cognitive function toward their reduce in preschool children was established. The level of cognitive functioning depends on the degree of iron deficiency.

  14. Iron deficiency in the elderly population, revisited in the hepcidin era

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    Fabiana eBusti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency is relatively common among the elderly population, contributing substantially to the high prevalence of anemia observed in the last decades of life, which in turn has important implications both on quality of life and on survival. In elderly subjects, iron deficiency is often multifactorial, i.e. due to multiple concurring causes, including inadequate dietary intake or absorption, occult bleeding, medications. Moreover, because of the typical multimorbidity of aged people, other conditions leading to anemia frequently coexist and make diagnosis of iron deficiency particularly challenging. Treatment of iron deficiency is also problematic in elderly, since response to oral iron is often slow, with a substantial fraction of patients showing refractoriness and requiring cumbersome intravenous administration. In the last decade, the discovery of the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin has revolutionized our understanding of iron pathophysiology. In this review, we revisit iron deficiency among elderly people in the light of the impressive recent advances on knowledge of iron regulation, and discuss how hepcidin may help in diagnosis and treatment of this common clinical condition.

  15. Effect of pregnancy on differentiation of minor Beta-Thalassemia from iron deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Ghanei M

    1997-01-01

    Differential diagnosis of Iron-deficiency anemia and Beta-Thalassemia, two common causes of anemia, affects the treatment in pregnant women. To help the diagnosis, we have tried to asses the pure effect of gestation on diagnostic criteria, eliminating iron and folate deficiency. In a prospective study, 46 thalassemic women were given Ferrous Sulphate tablets and Folate. Some indices, CBC and HbA2 were measured before and after treatment during pregnancy. The haemoglobin and HbA2 decreased and...

  16. 潍坊地区婴幼儿缺铁性贫血发病率及其因素的临床分析%The Clinical Analysis of the Incidence and Correlation Factors for Iron Deficiency Anemia Infants in Weifang Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣瑞华; 唐红梅; 李爱荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the morbidity of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants and toddler in Weifang area, discuss each correlation factors with this disease, to provide the theory basis for the clinical prevention. Methods 2358 subjects in the 1month ~3 year-old were studied, and select 372 health children as a control group. All subjects carry on routine anemia screening. The subjects are classified into three groups according to age and the degree of anemia (mild anemia group, moderate and severe anemia group), respectively. The total incidence and the incidence of IDA in various age groups were calculated, at the same time the relation of each factors with varying degree group were analyzed, SPSS16.0 were used for statistical. Results Among 2358 subjects, 728 examples have varying degree anemia, its prevalence rate is 30.87%. The morbidity is different in various age groups for IDA and has statistical significance(P<0.05). There are statistical significance between different risk factors and the degree of anemia (P<0.05). . Conclusion The morbidity of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants and toddler is higher in 6 month ~1 year old group than other groups in Weifang area. The incidence is lower and the degree is less severe in breast-feeding babies than mix- and artificial- feeding ones. Diarrhea is the main risk factor for IDA in infants and toddler.%目的探讨潍坊地区婴幼儿缺铁性贫血的发病状况,分析缺铁性贫血的相关因素及各因素之间的相互关系,为临床防治该病提供理论依据.方法选择1月~3岁婴幼儿2358例,同时选取372例健康儿为对照组,所有的婴幼儿常规进行贫血筛查.将贫血患儿按发病年龄分为三组,并按缺铁的程度将贫血组分成轻、中、重三组.计算各年龄组贫血发病率及总发病率,分析各相关因素对于不同程度贫血患儿的影响,应用SPSS16.0软件进行统计分析.结果2358例婴幼儿中,728例有不同

  17. Estado nutricional e anemia ferropriva em gestantes: relação com o peso da criança ao nascer Nutritional status and iron-deficiency anemia in pregnant women: relationship with the weight of the child at birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela da Silva Rocha

    2005-08-01

    to obtain information on the mothers, and their hemoglobin levels were dosed using Hemocue, also registering the mothers' height and weight. Information on the newborns was obtained from the Birth Registries Information System. RESULTS: A total of 168 low-income, low-schooling level pregnant women were evaluated, 41.3% showing inadequate pre-gestational nutritional status, 25.7% being underweight and 17.4% overweight or obese. The majority of the pregnant women presented inadequate weight gain during pregnancy. The prevalence of total iron deficiency anemia was 21.4%, increasing with gestational age. The frequencies of low birth weight and insufficient birth weight were 8.9% and 28.6%, respectively. The anthropometrical variables (pre-gestational weight, height, pre-gestational Body Mass Index and total weight gain presented a statistically significant association with weight at birth. CONCLUSION: The mother's anthropometrical variables correlated with the weight at birth. No correlation was found between the nutritional iron status of the pregnant women and weight at birth.

  18. Risks of iron deficiency among vegetarian college women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimberly Grage Englehardt

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency disease worldwide and poses a major threat in women of child-bearing age and those who follow a vegetarian diet. The objective of this study was to ascertain whether differences exist in iron status markers between female university students following a vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet. This study took a cross sectional analysis of 39 female students at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly State University in San Luis Obispo, CA between the ages of 18 and 22. Of the participants, 19 followed a vegetarian diet and 20 followed a nonvegetarian diet. Characteristic, demographic, and anthropometric data were collected and analyzed. The results showed no significant difference in iron intake between the two groups. However, nearly 66% of vegetarians and 65% of non-vegetarians failed to meet the Recommended Daily Allowance for iron. No significant difference was found for serum iron, serum ferritin, transfer-rin saturation, and total iron binding capacity between subjects. Serum ferritin tended to be lower for vegetarians compared to non-vegetarians. Both vegetarians and non-vegetarians were in stage IV negative iron balance, with more vegetarians tending to be in stage IV negative iron balance than non-vegetarians. Thus, female college students, irrespective of their meat intake, may be at higher risk of developing negative iron balance and should be educated about iron deficiency anemia and the prevention of iron depletion.

  19. IRON DEFICIENCY AS A RISK FACTOR FOR FIRST FEBRILE SEIZURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Estimation of Iron status in children with first f ebrile seizure (FFS. Iron status was evaluated by including Hemoglobin, Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV, Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH, Serum ferritin. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Study was conducted all children with first febrile seizures and febrile illnesses (FI in Pediatrics Intensive Care Unit and Pediatrics Wards of Sri Adichunchanag iri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G. Nagara from January 2010 to June 2011. The blood samples from the 50 children comprising t he cases and 50 children comprising the controls constituted the material for the study. RESULTS : In the present study 58% cases were diagnosed as Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA with Febrile Seizure (FS; 18% controls were diagnosed as IDA with Febrile Illness . IDA was more frequent among children with FS than those with febrile illness alone. The result s uggests that IDA may be a risk factor for FFS. Screening for IDA should be considered in children with FFS. CONCLUSION: Iron Deficiency Anemia is associated with the seve rity of a febrile illness, and more severe cases could be more likely to get seizures.

  20. [Anemia in obstetrics and gynecological surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gredilla Díaz, E

    2015-06-01

    Iron deficiency is more common in women due to uterine bleeding, which affects them throughout their fertile life. Additionally, iron needs increase physiologically during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Pregnant women therefore constitute one of the risk groups for iron deficiency. During the postpartum period, iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. Longer hospital stays and greater susceptibility to infections are potential consequences of postpartum anemia. PMID:26320347

  1. The Relationship between Iron Deficiency and Febrile Convulsion: A Case-Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Sharif, Mohammad Reza; Kheirkhah, Davood; Madani, Mahla; Kashani, Hamed Haddad

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Febrile seizure is among the most common convulsion disorders in children, which strikes 2% to 5% of children between 3 to 60 months of age. Some studies have reported that iron deficiency could be a risk factor for febrile seizure. The present study was conducted to compare the rate of iron deficiency anemia in febrile children with and without seizure. Materials and Methods: This case-control study evaluated 200 children aged 6-60 month in two 100 person groups (febrile seizur...

  2. Iron deficiency: from diagnosis to treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polin, Vanessa; Coriat, Romain; Perkins, Géraldine; Dhooge, Marion; Abitbol, Vered; Leblanc, Sarah; Prat, Frédéric; Chaussade, Stanislas

    2013-10-01

    Iron deficiency is the most frequent cause of anaemia worldwide. It impairs quality of life, increases asthenia and can lead to clinical worsening of patients. In addition, iron deficiency has a complex mechanism whose pathologic pathway is recently becoming better understood. The discovery of hepcidin has allowed a better clarification of iron metabolism regulation. Furthermore, the ratio of concentration of soluble transferrin receptor to the log of the ferritin level, has been developed as a tool to detect iron deficiency in most situations. The cause of iron deficiency should always be sought because the underlying condition can be serious. This review will summarize the current knowledge regarding diagnostic algorithms for iron deficiency anaemia. The majority of aetiologies occur in the digestive tract, in men and postmenopausal women, and justify morphological examination of the gut. First line investigations are upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy, and when negative, the small bowel should be explored; newer tools such as video capsule endoscopy have also been developed. The treatment of iron deficiency is aetiological if possible and iron supplementation whether in oral or in parenteral form. New parenteral formulations are available and seem to have promising results in terms of efficacy and safety. PMID:23582772

  3. 铁剂联合促红细胞生成素治疗缺铁性贫血的疗效观察%Observation on the Effect of Iron Combined with Erythropoietin in the Treatment of Iron-deficiency Anemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区小明

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨铁剂联合促红细胞生成素治疗缺铁性贫血的临床疗效,为临床推广做出指导。方法选择该院自2010年1月-2013年1月收治的86例缺铁性贫血的患儿为研究对象,将其完全随机分为两组,对照组患者给予蛋白琥珀酸铁口服液治疗,观察组患者则在对照组的基础上给予重组人红细胞生成素治疗,对比观察两组患儿的临床治疗效果。结果观察组治疗后血红蛋白(97.69±18.46) g/L、血清铁蛋白(17.59±3.98) g/L、以及血细胞比积(37.59±6.68)%等各项指标均优于对照组治疗后血红蛋白(81.32±16.11) g/L、血清铁蛋白(14.16±3.21) g/L、以及血细胞比积(28.35±6.03)%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论铁剂联合促红细胞生成素治疗缺铁性贫血的临床疗效显著,能够改善患儿的缺血症状,值得临床广泛推广。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of iron combined with erythropoietin in the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia so as to provide guidance for the clinical promotion. Methods 86 cases of children with iron-deficiency anemia admitted in our hospital from January 2010 to January 2013 were selected as the object of study, and they were randomly divided into two groups. Patients in the control group were treated with iron proteinsuccinylate oral solution, and patients in the observation group were given recombinant human erythropoietin treatment on the basis of the treatment of the control group. The clinical treatment effect of these two groups of children was observed and compared. Results After the treatment, the hemoglobin of the observation group was (97.69 ±18.46 )g/L, serum ferritin was (17.59 ±3.98) g/L, haematocrit was (37.59 ±6.68)%, the hemoglobin of the control group was (81.32±16.11 )g/L, serum ferritin was (14.16±3.21) g/L, haematocrit was (28.35±6.03) %, the indicators of the observa-tion group were better than those of the

  4. Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in Inflammatory Bowel Disease by Transferrin Receptor-Ferritin Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abitbol, Vered; Borderie, Didier; Polin, Vanessa; Maksimovic, Fanny; Sarfati, Gilles; Esch, Anouk; Tabouret, Tessa; Dhooge, Marion; Dreanic, Johann; Perkins, Geraldine; Coriat, Romain; Chaussade, Stanislas

    2015-07-01

    Iron deficiency is common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but can be difficult to diagnose in the presence of inflammation because ferritin is an acute phase reactant. The transferrin receptor-ferritin index (TfR-F) has a high sensitivity and specificity for iron deficiency diagnosis in chronic diseases. The diagnostic efficacy of TfR-F is little known in patients with IBD. The aim of the study was to assess the added value of TfR-F to iron deficiency diagnosis in a prospective cohort of patients with IBD.Consecutive IBD patients were prospectively enrolled. Patients were excluded in case of blood transfusion, iron supplementation, or lack of consent. IBD activity was assessed on markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, endoscopy, fecal calprotectin). Hemoglobin, ferritin, vitamin B9 and B12, Lactate dehydrogenase, haptoglobin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) were assayed. TfR-F was calculated as the ratio sTfR/log ferritin. Iron deficiency was defined by ferritin 2 in the presence of inflammation.One-hundred fifty patients with median age 38 years (16-78) and Crohn disease (n = 105), ulcerative colitis (n = 43), or unclassified colitis (n = 2) were included. Active disease was identified in 45.3%. Anemia was diagnosed in 28%. Thirty-six patients (24%) had ferritin 2. Overall, iron deficiency was diagnosed in 32.7% of the patients.TfR-F in addition to ferritin <30 ng/mL criterion increased by 36% diagnosis rates of iron deficiency. TfR-F appeared as a useful biomarker that could help physicians to diagnose true iron deficiency in patients with active IBD. PMID:26131803

  5. Improving iron deficiency anemia with orange juice and iron carried in chocolate%橙汁与巧克力载体铁剂改善缺铁性贫血的实验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷蕾; 罗海吉; 邓红; 朱航; 张守华

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the highest incidence nutritional-deficiency diseases all over the world; especially infants and children are the main group. IDA presently becomes one of the most important nutritional problems to be solved.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of chocolate carrier and orange juice on recovery of IDA model rats.DESIGN: Randomized controlled animal study.SETTING: Laboratory of Nutrient and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University.MATERIALS: The experiment was carried out in the Laboratory of Nutri ent and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health And Tropiacal Medicine, Southern Medical University from March to June 2006. A total of 60 healthy SD rats of clean grade were provided by Animal Center of Southern Medical University (certification: 2002-009 2005A047). METHODS: ① Establishment of IDA models: Among them, 20 rats of half genders were randomly selected toregard as control group, and other 40 were regarded as model group. Rats in control group were fed with rou tinefeed and drank freely. Rats in model group were fed with AOAC-modi fied low-dosage iron feeds to establish IDA models by blooding at caudal vein. Three weeks later, average concentration of ferrohemoglobin in model group was decreased to about 90 g/L, and this suggested that model estab lishment was successful. Ten rats of half genders in each group were ran domly sacrificed. Pre-experiment and 3 weeks of post-experiment, rats were weighed to measure concentration of ferrohemoglobin with hemoglobin cyanide (HiCN) technique, red blood cell count (RBC, direct method), serum iron (microparticle chemiluminescent immunoassa y and related kit) and concentration of serum transferrin receptor (STFR, ELISA method and related kit). ② Recovery test: Other 10 rats in control group were regarded as normal control group, and they were fed with routine feed and drank freely. The rest 30 rats of half genders in model

  6. Optimizing early child development for young children with non-anemic iron deficiency in the primary care practice setting (OptEC): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah, Kawsari; Thorpe, Kevin E; Mamak, Eva; Maguire, Jonathon L; Birken, Catherine S.; Fehlings, Darcy; Hanley, Anthony J.; Macarthur, Colin; Zlotkin, Stanley H.; Parkin, Patricia C.

    2015-01-01

    Background Three decades of research suggests that prevention of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in the primary care setting may be an unrealized and unique opportunity to prevent poor developmental outcomes in children. A longitudinal study of infants with IDA showed that the developmental disadvantage persists long term despite iron therapy. Early stages of iron deficiency, termed non-anemic iron deficiency (NAID), provide an opportunity for early detection and treatment before progression to ...

  7. Anemia ferropriva em atletas adolescentes da Fundação Vila Olímpica de Manaus-AM Iron deficiency anaemia in adolescent athletes of the Vila Olímpica Fonndation of Manaus - AM

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Maria Trindade Nunes; Lucia Kiyoko Ozaki Yuyama; Dartagnan Pinto Guedes; Maria Conceição de Oliveira

    2008-01-01

    Considerando a escassez de informações quanto ao estado nutricional de atletas jovens, identificou-se a prevalência de anemia ferropriva e sua associação com indicadores nutricionais de atletas adolescentes participantes do Programa de Iniciação Esportiva da Fundação Vila Olímpica de Manaus-AM. A amostra foi constituída por 194 atletas adolescentes do gênero masculino, voluntários, praticantes de diferentes modalidades esportivas classificados como iniciantes. A coleta dos dados foi realizada...

  8. An explanation of the pathophysiology of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in iron deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakoyiannis, Ioannis; Gkioka, Eleana; Daskalopoulou, Afrodite; Korou, Laskarina-Maria; Perrea, Despina; Pergialiotis, Vasilios

    2015-01-01

    Iron deficiency (ID) is a major public health problem worldwide among children aged 0-12 months. Several factors seem to contribute to the iron-deficient state in infancy, including insufficient antenatal and neonatal iron supplementation, exclusive breastfeeding, and early umbilical cord clamping after birth. The most concerning complications of ID, except for anemia, are related to altered long-term neurodevelopment. Clinical studies have shown a negative impact of ID anemia on fetal and neonatal behavior including impairments of motor maturity, autonomic response, memory/learning, and mood. ID-induced defects during infancy seem to persist later in life, even after ID treatment. The underlying mechanisms involve dysfunctional myelination, neurotransmission alterations, and altered synaptogenesis and/or dendritogenesis. The purpose of the present review is to summarize these mechanisms and to provide recommendations for future clinical research in the field. PMID:25951130

  9. Iron Deficiency in Adolescents and Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, William L.; Risser, Jan M. H.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews the prevalence, natural history, causes, impact on performance, diagnosis, and treatment of iron deficiency in adolescent and young adult athletes. All athletes should be screened and treated. The best diagnosis involves determining serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels. Treatment requires therapeutic doses of oral ferrous iron for several…

  10. Absorption of plutonium in the iron-deficient rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron deficiency did not enhance absorption of plutonium following intragastric gavage of rats. Absorption of plutonium citrate in both control and iron-deficient rats was about 0.03% of the administered dose

  11. "Forces the Snow synthesis to Draft"Misdiagnosed as"Iron Deficiency Anemia, Hypersplenism"One Case%“勒雪综合征”误诊为“缺铁性贫血,脾亢”1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯琴

    2014-01-01

    勒雪综合征是朗格罕细胞组织细胞增生症最重的一个临床类型,儿科临床罕见,我院于2010年5月收治1例,曾被误诊为"缺铁性贫血,脾亢"。患儿男性,15个月,因呼吸促,皮疹半年,变大半月以"贫血待查"入院。本患儿特点:皮疹特殊,头面部、躯干可见与皮肤同色,直径2 mm的斑丘疹,成批出现;贫血,脾大,考虑组织细胞增生症?转上级医院完善骨穿及皮疹印片检查,确诊勒雪综合征。2013年7月,该患者又因患"喉炎"来我院就诊,对症治疗后好转出院。%Forces the snow synthesis to draft is a Langge rarely cellulary tissue cellproliferation sickness heaviest clinical type,the department of pediatrics clinical rare, my courtyard admits 1 example in May, 2010, once was "lacks by the error diagnostic iron anemia, the spleen is high".Trouble male child, 15 months, because breathes presses, the skin rash half year, the fil-out half a month"treats by anemia looks up"in hospital.This trouble characteristic:The skin rash is special, a face, the torso with the skin homochromy, the diameter 2mm spot papula, in groups appear obviously; Anemia, the spleen is big, considers the organization cellproliferation sickness? Transfers the higher authority hospital consummation bone to put on and the skin rash India piece inspection, the diagnosis forces the snow synthesis to draft.In July, and further because 2013, this patient contracts"laryngitis"to come my courtyard seeing a doctor, after the just right for the il ness treatment changes for the bet er the out of hospital.

  12. Serum ferritin to detect iron deficiency in children below five years of age

    OpenAIRE

    Windy Saufia Apriyanti; Sutaryo; Sri Mulatsih

    2013-01-01

    Background Iron deficiency (ID) anemia impacts the cognitive and motor development of children until the age of 10 years, despite receiving iron therapy. Early detection of ID is recommended and serum ferritin has been proposed as an alternative indicator for ID detection. Objective To assess the diagnostic accuracy of serum ferritin for detecting ID in children below five years of age. Methods This cross-sectional, diagnostic study was conducted in primary health care centers in Yogy...

  13. Severe Anemia and Helicobacter Pylori Infection in school age Children; A case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Gheibi, Sh; Noroozi, M; Hejazi, S; Karamyyar, M.; Farrokh-Eslamlou, H

    2016-01-01

    Background Iron-deficiency anemia is a widespread public health problem with major consequences for human health especially, children. However, in a fraction of patients an underlying cause is never found during routine investigation. Recent studies have suggested an association between Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) infection and iron-deficiency anemia. Case presentation Here is reported four school aged children (two male, two female) with refractory severe iron-deficiency anemia associate...

  14. Ferric carboxymaltose prevents recurrence of anemia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evstatiev, Rayko; Alexeeva, Olga; Bokemeyer, Bernd;

    2013-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common systemic complication of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Iron-deficiency anemia recurs frequently and rapidly after iron-replacement therapy in patients with IBD. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine if administration...... of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) prevents anemia in patients with IBD and low levels of serum ferritin....

  15. Effect of pregnancy on differentiation of minor Beta-Thalassemia from iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanei M

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Differential diagnosis of Iron-deficiency anemia and Beta-Thalassemia, two common causes of anemia, affects the treatment in pregnant women. To help the diagnosis, we have tried to asses the pure effect of gestation on diagnostic criteria, eliminating iron and folate deficiency. In a prospective study, 46 thalassemic women were given Ferrous Sulphate tablets and Folate. Some indices, CBC and HbA2 were measured before and after treatment during pregnancy. The haemoglobin and HbA2 decreased and MCV increased, all with significant P value. We concluded that HbA2, independent of iron, will decrease during pregnancy and MCV will increase

  16. Efficacy observation of health education combined with complementary nutrient supplements in preventing iron deficiency anemia in infants and children%健康教育联合添加辅食营养素补充品预防婴幼儿缺铁性贫血效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢桂强; 马翠梅; 陈润丽; 赵荣娟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨小儿缺铁性贫血的预防措施,降低婴幼儿贫血发病率.方法 选取在河北省昌黎县妇幼保健院产科出生的新生儿150名,随机分为健康教育联合辅食营养素补充品添加观察组、健康教育对照组和普通对照组,每组50人.3组小儿出生后满9个月进行血红蛋白和末梢血铁和锌元素检测,对检测结果进行统计分析.结果 健康教育联合辅食营养素补充品添加组小儿贫血患病率为12%,末梢血铁元素含量为(8.05±0.58) mmol/L,锌元素含量为(78.90 ±9.18)μmol/L;健康教育组小儿贫血患病率为16%,末梢血铁元素含量为(7.65 ±0.50) mmol/L,锌元素含量为(71.70 ±11.4)μnol/L,2组小儿贫血患病率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),末梢血铁、锌元素含量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).普通对照组小儿贫血患病率为28%,末梢血铁元素含量为(7.06±0.65) mmol/L,锌元素含量为(63.02±7.53) μmol/L,健康教育联合辅食营养素补充品添加组和普通对照组小儿比较,贫血患病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);2组小儿末梢血铁、锌元素含量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).健康教育组和普通对照组小儿贫血患病率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);2组小儿末梢血铁、锌元素含量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 健康教育联合添加辅食营养素补充品是预防婴幼儿缺铁性贫血的可靠方法.%[Objective] To discuss the measures for iron deficiency anemia prevention in order to reduce its incidence.[Methods] A total of 150 newborns born in Pediatrics Department of Changli MCH were randomly divided into combined treatment group,health education group and control group,with 50 in each.The detection results of blood hemoglobin and peripheral iron and zinc of all newborns were analyzed statistically 9 months after birth.[Results] In combined treatment group,the prevalence of anemia was 12%,the peripheral blood iron

  17. A problemática da adesão na prevenção da anemia ferropriva e suplementação com sais de ferro no município de Viçosa (MG Problems of adherence to the program of prevention of iron deficiency anemia and supplementation with iron salts in the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Ferreira da Rocha Sant'Ana

    2013-03-01

    . Of these, 4 had anemia during the follow-up and began treatment and 3 others were brought in by individuals who were unable to provide information on use of the supplement. High adherence was showed by 56.7% of children and low adherence by 43.3%, while 23.3% had interrupted supplementation due to the lack of guidance and support of the health service. Mothers and persons responsible of the two groups (high and low adherence manifested little knowledge about anemia, its prevention and health consequences for the child. More information regarding iron deficiency anemia, routine follow-up by professionals and evaluation of the perception of individuals involved with iron supplementation is necessary.

  18. Iron Homeostasis and Nutritional Iron Deficiency123

    OpenAIRE

    Theil, Elizabeth C.

    2011-01-01

    Nonheme food ferritin (FTN) iron minerals, nonheme iron complexes, and heme iron contribute to the balance between food iron absorption and body iron homeostasis. Iron absorption depends on membrane transporter proteins DMT1, PCP/HCP1, ferroportin (FPN), TRF2, and matriptase 2. Mutations in DMT1 and matriptase-2 cause iron deficiency; mutations in FPN, HFE, and TRF2 cause iron excess. Intracellular iron homeostasis depends on coordinated regulation of iron trafficking and storage proteins enc...

  19. Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... deficiency anemia than people who eat meat are. Red meat is the richest and best-absorbed source of ... the body as readily as the iron in meat. Symptoms of Anemia It's ... anemia because fewer red blood cells are flowing through the blood vessels. ...

  20. Efficacy of intravenous iron in treating iron deficiency anaemia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: Are there predictors of response? Eficacia del hierro intravenoso en el tratamiento de la anemia ferropénica en pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal: ¿Existen factores predictivos de respuesta?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Ferreiro Iglesias

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD iron deficiency anaemia (IDA is a very common disorder. Until recently, oral iron has been the mainstay therapy, nevertheless it has been associated with intolerance and noncompliance. Therefore, the goal of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous iron in IDA in IBD patients and the secondary aim was to investigate whether other potential factors could influence in the response to the treatment. Design: an open-label, prospective, consecutive, single centre study. Material and methods: we performed our study in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC or Crohn's disease (CD with severe anaemia or intolerance with oral iron. All of them received intravenous sacarose iron and did biochemistry profile with haemoglobin (Hb. Moreover, the correlation with other variables was studied: age, sex, smoking habit, IBD type, previous surgery and type of surgery and other treatments. Response was defined as Hb increase of ≥ 2 g/dL or normalization of the levels. Results: fifty-four patients were included into the study, 34 (63% with UC y 20 (37% with CD, 18 (33.3% men and 36 women (66.6% and the average was 48 ± 14 years. The total proportion of responders was 52% (SD ± 05; 43% of the patients reached Hb ≥ 2 g/dl and y 9% of them normalized Hb. Only the utilization of 5-ASA was associated with low response to iron treatment (p Introducción: la anemia por déficit de hierro es un problema frecuente en la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII. Un número no despreciable de pacientes no responde o presenta intolerancia al hierro oral. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es evaluar la eficacia del hierro sacarosa intravenoso (Venofer® en los pacientes con EII así como los potenciales factores que pueden influir en la respuesta al mismo. Diseño: estudio abierto, unicéntrico y con una inclusión consecutiva de casos. Material y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes con colitis ulcerosa (CU y enfermedad

  1. Anemia ferropriva e estado nutricional de crianças com idade de 12 a 60 meses do município de Viçosa, MG Iron deficiency anemia and nutritional status of children aged 12 to 60 months in the city of Viçosa, MG, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana da Silva Miranda; Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini; Silvia Eloiza Priore; Marilene Pinheiro Euclydes; Raquel Maria Amaral Araújo; Sônia Machado Rocha Ribeiro; Michele Pereira Netto; Marília Machado Fonseca; Daniela da Silva Rocha; Danielle Góes da Silva; Nerilda Martins Miranda Lima; Úrsula Comastre de Castro Maffia

    2003-01-01

    Este estudo transversal abrangeu crianças com idade de 12 a 60 meses assistidas pelo serviço público de saúde do município de Viçosa, objetivando avaliar a prevalência de anemia e anemia grave, e a relação entre o estado nutricional e a anemia ferropriva, nessas crianças. Para o diagnóstico de anemia, foi utilizado o beta-hemoglobinômetro (Hemocue), considerando o ponto de corte proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde de 11,0 g/dL para anemia, e para a anemia grave considerou-se 9,5g/dL. D...

  2. Studies on the 2-site immunoradiometric assay of serum ferritin and its applications for diagnosis of iron deficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 2-site immunoradiometric assay using paper discs as a solid phase material was established for the measurement of serum ferritin. The standard curve was found the range from 0.5ng -- 500ng ferritin per ml and the sensitivity limit of the assay was 0.1ng ferritin per ml. The clinical value of serum ferritin assay was then investigated for diagnosis of iron deficiency. The mean serum ferritin concentrations of normal subjects were greater for males (119.8+-55.5ng/ml) than for females (56.5+-55.5ng/ml) although this sex difference was not distinct beyond the age of 45. All 15 patients with iron deficient anemia had serum ferritin concentrations below the normal range, whereas in other anemias including anemia associated with chronic inflammation, pernicious anemia, aplastic anemia, serum ferritin concentrations were normal oe elevated. In 116 apparently normal subjects, 13.8% of total females had abnormally low serum ferritin concentrations with normal hemoglobin levels. The cytochrome c oxidase activity of peripheral leucocytes from those subjects were generally depleted. Most of them frequently suffered from easy fatiguability, weakness, and dizziness and these complications were clearly relieved by the administration of iron. Measurement of serum ferritin was found to be quite useful for diagnosis and assessment of iron deficient states. (author)

  3. Serum ferritin and hemoglobin determination of clinical application in iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women%血清铁蛋白与血红蛋白测定在妊娠妇女缺铁性贫血中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彬; 苏建蓉

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨妊娠妇女血清铁蛋白水平在妊娠早、中、晚期缺铁性贫血中的临床应用价值。方法:选取2014年1月至12月我院产科门诊建卡的孕妇290例,监测孕妇妊娠早期(6~12周)、中期(20~26周)、晚期(35~38周)的血清铁蛋白及血红蛋白水平,并对检测结果进行分析。结果:经方差分析显示,血清铁蛋白与血红蛋白水平在早孕、中孕、晚孕三期中均有统计学意义(P=0.000);血清铁蛋白缺乏与血红蛋白缺乏发生率在不同孕周组之间比较,差异亦有统计学意义(P=0.000)。不同孕周组之间进行两两比较发现,血清铁蛋白水平在早孕与中孕、早孕与晚孕、中孕与晚孕之间均存在显著性差异(P=0.000);血红蛋白水平在早孕与中孕、早孕与晚孕之间存在显著性差异(P=0.000),在中孕与晚孕之间差异无统计学意义(P=0.160)。妊娠中期血清铁蛋白水平正常组与缺乏组在妊娠中期的贫血发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(x2=16.0,P=0.000);妊娠中期血清铁蛋白水平正常组与缺乏组在妊娠晚期的贫血发生率比较,差异亦有统计学意义(x2=13.7,P=0.000)。结论:血清铁蛋白水平与妊娠期贫血的发生存在较强的相关性,监测孕妇血清铁蛋白水平,有利于指导临床及时补铁治疗,有效防治孕妇缺铁性贫血的发生。%Objective Explore pregnant women serum ferritin level in the early, middle and late pregnancy of the clinical application value of iron deficiency anemia.Methods Choose between January 2014 and December 290 cases of pregnant women, obstetric outpatient JianKa in our monitoring of pregnant women (6 to 12 weeks) in early pregnancy, medium-term (20 to 26 weeks) late (35 to 38 weeks), serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels, and the testing results were analyzed.Results Serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels during pregnancy, pregnancy and late pregnancy in the three periods have

  4. Pica for Uncooked Basmati Rice in Two Women with Iron Deficiency and a Review of Ryzophagia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, James C; Barton, J Clayborn; Bertoli, Luigi F

    2016-01-01

    Reports of pica for uncooked rice (ryzophagia) in adults who reside in European and derivative countries are uncommon. We evaluated and treated two nonpregnant women with pica for uncooked basmati rice. Both women reported fatigue, abdominal discomfort after consuming large quantities of uncooked basmati rice, and hair loss. One woman was from India and the other was from Pakistan. Both women were vegetarians. Basmati was the local rice in their native countries and their usual rice in the USA. Both women had tooth damage due to eating uncooked rice and iron deficiency with microcytic anemia attributed to menorrhagia and multiparity. Ryzophagia and other manifestations (except tooth damage) resolved after iron dextran therapy. We review and discuss other reports of ryzophagia associated with iron deficiency, pregnancy, race/ethnicity, geographic origin, and local traditions. We conclude that adults with ryzophagia in European and derivative countries are likely to be non-Europeans. PMID:26880930

  5. Non haematological effects of iron deficiency - A perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh Kanjaksha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency is a continuum beginning from lowering of tissue stores to the phase of exhausted tissue stores, interference with iron driven biochemical reactions in the body, microcytosis, hypochromia, increasing severity of anaemia with all its attendant consequences. Iron deficiency anaemia is a very well known concept but what is often not appreciated is the effect of broad canvas of iron deficiency on various tissues, organs and systems in our body in addition to iron deficiency anaemia leading to concept of "Iron deficiency disease". In this condition not only tissue delivery of oxygen is compromised but proliferation, growth, differentiation, myelinogenesis, immunofunction, energy metabolism, absorption and biotransformation are compromised leading to abnormal growth and behaviour, mental retardation, reduced cardiac performance and work efficiency, infection etc which ultimately leads to the concept that "iron deficiency not only breaks the machine but also wrecks the machinery."

  6. Iron homeostasis and nutritional iron deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theil, Elizabeth C

    2011-04-01

    Nonheme food ferritin (FTN) iron minerals, nonheme iron complexes, and heme iron contribute to the balance between food iron absorption and body iron homeostasis. Iron absorption depends on membrane transporter proteins DMT1, PCP/HCP1, ferroportin (FPN), TRF2, and matriptase 2. Mutations in DMT1 and matriptase-2 cause iron deficiency; mutations in FPN, HFE, and TRF2 cause iron excess. Intracellular iron homeostasis depends on coordinated regulation of iron trafficking and storage proteins encoded in iron responsive element (IRE)-mRNA. The noncoding IRE-mRNA structures bind protein repressors, IRP1 or 2, during iron deficiency. Integration of the IRE-RNA in translation regulators (near the cap) or turnover elements (after the coding region) increases iron uptake (DMT1/TRF1) or decreases iron storage/efflux (FTN/FPN) when IRP binds. An antioxidant response element in FTN DNA binds Bach1, a heme-sensitive transcription factor that coordinates expression among antioxidant response proteins like FTN, thioredoxin reductase, and quinone reductase. FTN, an antioxidant because Fe(2+) and O(2) (reactive oxygen species generators) are consumed to make iron mineral, is also a nutritional iron concentrate that is an efficiently absorbed, nonheme source of iron from whole legumes. FTN protein cages contain thousands of mineralized iron atoms and enter cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis, an absorption mechanism distinct from transport of nonheme iron salts (ferrous sulfate), iron chelators (ferric-EDTA), or heme. Recognition of 2 nutritional nonheme iron sources, small and large (FTN), will aid the solution of iron deficiency, a major public health problem, and the development of new policies on iron nutrition. PMID:21346101

  7. Iron deficiency anaemia in Sri Lanka

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The commonest cause of nutritional anaemia in the Sri Lankan population is iron deficiency. The diets of the population belonging to the lower socio-economic groups contain little food of animal origin. Thus, their diets are deficient in easily absorbable (haem) iron; and are also heavily cereal-based. Therefore interference in the absorption of dietary iron also occurs. Iron-deficiency anaemia is not restricted to the so-called ''vulnerable groups'' in Sri Lanka, however, their greater demands make the problem not only commoner but also more severe. Among pregnant and lactating women anaemia is often associated with folate deficiency. It must also be noted that the low availability of dietary iron is compounded in large population groups. Malaria, presently raging on an epidemic scale is also a major contributory factor to the incidence of anaemia. The purpose of this study was to examine the iron status of pre-school children and pregnant women; to establish normal levels of biochemical indices at different trimesters; to record the effect of iron supplementation during pregnancy; and to record the bioavailability of iron from weaning foods and common adult diets. 6 figs, 14 tabs

  8. A short review of malabsorption and anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Bañares, Fernando; Monzón, Helena; Forné, Montserrat

    2009-01-01

    Anemia is a frequent finding in most diseases which cause malabsorption. The most frequent etiology is the combination of iron and vitamin B12 deficiency. Celiac disease is frequently diagnosed in patients referred for evaluation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA), being reported in 1.8%-14.6% of patients. Therefore, duodenal biopsies should be taken during endoscopy if no obvious cause of iron deficiency (ID) can be found. Cobalamin deficiency occurs frequently among elderly patients, but it is...

  9. Severe iron deficiency anemia in transgenic mice expressing liver hepcidin

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas, Gaël; Bennoun, Myriam; Porteu, Arlette; Mativet, Sandrine; Beaumont, Carole; Grandchamp, Bernard; Sirito, Mario; Sawadogo, Michèle; Kahn, Axel; Vaulont, Sophie

    2002-01-01

    We recently reported the hemochromatosis-like phenotype observed in our Usf2 knockout mice. In these mice, as in murine models of hemochromatosis and patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, iron accumulates in parenchymal cells (in particular, liver and pancreas), whereas the reticuloendothelial system is spared from this iron loading. We suggested that this phenotypic trait could be attributed to the absence, in the Usf2 knockout mice, of a secreted liver-specific peptide, hepcidin. We con...

  10. A two-and-a-half-year-old breastfed toddler presenting with anemia: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bock, Fabian; Borucki, Katrin; Vorwerk, Peter; Biemann, Ronald; Isermann, Berend

    2014-01-01

    Background Anemia is a common presentation in children but the differential diagnosis of iron deficiency and β-thalassemia remains a diagnostic challenge. Red blood cell indices have been shown to perform weakly in such scenarios. One potential cause is breastfeeding, but the evidence for unusually prolonged exclusive breastfeeding as a cause of iron deficiency anemia in older (>2 years) toddlers is sparse and the association of breastfeeding with iron deficiency in this age group of older to...

  11. Severe anemia causing cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in an infant

    OpenAIRE

    Sushil Beri; Arif Khan; Nahin Hussain; Jayaprakash Gosalakkal

    2012-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is a common pediatric problem affecting up to 25% children worldwide. It has been linked with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in the literature. We describe a 9-month-old child who had severe iron deficiency anemia and developed acute venous sinus thrombosis associated with minor infection. Treatment with anticoagulation was partially successful with persistent thrombosis after 3 months. We reviewed the current literature highlighting the association of anemia as a ris...

  12. Hair Loss Observed in Women and Iron Deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Dicle

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Being a common state in the society, iron deficiency might lead to an increase in the dermatological problems associated with it. Alopecia is an important finding among the patients referring to dermatology clinics but studies on different types of alopecia and their relationship with iron deficiency states are controversial and the present data are not sufficient to draw definite conclusions.

  13. The diagnosis of borderline iron deficiency: results of a therapeutic trial

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, C; Kelly, J; Trail, A; Parkinson, K; Summerfield, G

    2004-01-01

    Background: Iron deficiency is common in early childhood and has been associated with developmental delay. It is not known how reliably markers of iron deficiency identify true iron deficiency, defined as a therapeutic response to oral iron.

  14. Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician October 01, 2002, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20021001/1217.html) Normocytic Anemia by JR Brill, ... Physician November 15, 2000, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20001115/2255.html) Written by familydoctor.org editorial ...

  15. Potential for iron enriched yeast in recovery of rats from iron deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Kyyaly, Aref; Powell, Chris

    2015-01-01

    It is well known that iron deficiency can lead to anemia, resulting in a variety of symptoms and health issues. Negative effects can be prevented by ensuring foods with a naturally high iron content are ingested, or countered by taking nutrient supplements. As an alternative it is possible to influence the nutritional content of foods to ensure that dietary requirements are met. In this study we aimed to evaluate the potential for using iron-enriched baker’s yeast as a source of iron for cur...

  16. Anemia in children with down syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenbaum, Ariel; Malkiel, Sarah; Wexler, Isaiah D; Levy-Khademi, Floris; Revel-Vilk, Shoshana; Stepensky, Polina

    2011-01-01

    Background. Iron deficiency anemia impacts on cognitive development. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency in children with Down syndrome and identify risk factors for anemia. Methods. We conducted a prolective cross-sectional study of children attending a multidisciplinary Down syndrome medical center. One hundred and forty nine children with Down syndrome aged 0-20 years were enrolled in the study. Information obtained included a medical history, physical and developmental examination, nutritional assessment, and the results of blood tests. Results. Of the patients studied, 8.1% were found to have anemia. Among the 38 children who had iron studies, 50.0% had iron deficiency. In a multivariate analysis, Arab ethnicity and low weight for age were significantly associated with anemia. Gender, height, the presence of an eating disorder, and congenital heart disease were not risk factors for anemia. Conclusions. Children with Down syndrome are at risk for anemia and iron deficiency similar to the general population. Children with Down syndrome should be monitored for anemia and iron deficiency so that prompt intervention can be initiated. PMID:21941570

  17. Deficiência de ferro na criança Iron deficiency in infants and children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina A. P. Braga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Estima-se que dois bilhões de indivíduos sejam anêmicos e que a deficiência de ferro ocorra em cerca de quatro bilhões de indivíduos, afetando a população de países desenvolvidos e, com mais intensidade, a dos países em desenvolvimento. No Brasil, estudos apontam elevada prevalência de anemia ferropriva em crianças dependendo da região e da faixa etária. A velocidade de crescimento aumentada, determinando maior necessidade de ferro, aliada a dieta inadequada em ferro e ao desmame precoce, contribuem para a elevada prevalência de anemia, principalmente nos dois primeiros anos de vida. Outros fatores de risco são apontados, como a prematuridade, o baixo peso ao nascer, a ligadura precoce do cordão umbilical e o abandono do aleitamento materno exclusivo. O impacto da deficiência de ferro no crescimento permanece controverso, uma vez que inúmeras outras variáveis poderiam contribuir para melhora ou piora do estado nutricional. Alterações no desenvolvimento psicomotor e neurocognitivo, nos lactentes deficientes com ferro, têm sido relatadas em diversos estudos, sendo controversa a recuperação após o tratamento. Há trabalhos que demonstram queda no rendimento intelectual e nas aquisições cognitivas também no período escolar e adolescência, com reversão após a terapia marcial. Entre as medidas preventivas, a educação nutricional é a forma ideal; entretanto, frente à elevada prevalência, outras formas de prevenção devem ser também utilizadas, como a suplementação com ferro e a fortificação de alimentos com ferro.Iron deficiency anemia afflicts an estimated two billion people and iron deficiency approximately 4 billion people in developed countries and is even more common in developing countries. In Brazil, depending on the region and age, studies point to high prevalences of iron-deficiency anemia in children. The high growth speed, which requires a greater amount of iron, connected with an inadequate iron

  18. Opportunistic screening for iron-deficiency in 6–36 month old children presenting to the paediatric emergency department

    OpenAIRE

    Dawyduk Brenda J; Pusic Martin V; Mitchell David

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background The Complete Blood Count (CBC) is a test frequently performed on children presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED), usually for the evaluation of an infectious illness. The CBC also allows for screening for Iron-deficiency Anemia. This study aims to determine the prevalence of a low Mean Cell Volume (MCV) in children having a CBC performed during a PED visit and whether physicians acted upon the abnormal value. Methods We present a retrospective cohort study....

  19. Identifying the Threshold of Iron Deficiency in the Central Nervous System of the Rat by the Auditory Brainstem Response

    OpenAIRE

    Greminger, Allison R.; Mayer-Pröschel, Margot

    2015-01-01

    The deleterious effects of anemia on auditory nerve (AN) development have been well investigated; however, we have previously reported that significant functional consequences in the auditory brainstem response (ABR) can also occur as a consequence of marginal iron deficiency (ID). As the ABR has widespread clinical use, we evaluated the ability of this electrophysiological method to characterize the threshold of tissue ID in rats by examining the relationship between markers of tissue ID and...

  20. Deficiência de ferro: ainda a principal etiologia entre crianças encaminhadas por motivo de anemia para serviço especializado de hematologia Iron deficiency: still the main cause of referral of children to hematology services for reason of anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Márcio Antônio Portugal Santana; Rocksane de Carvalho Norton; Rachel Aparecida Ferreira Fernandes

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: determinar os motivos de encaminhamento e diagnósticos de crianças com anemia para serviço especializado. MÉTODOS: coorte histórico e concorrente de crianças com anemia encaminhadas ao Serviço de Hematologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre maio de 1999 e dezembro de 2001. RESULTADOS: foram avaliadas 153 crianças menores de 16 anos, sendo 83% procedentes de Centros de Saúde. Aproximadamente um terço das cr...

  1. A link between premenopausal iron deficiency and breast cancer malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Young breast cancer (BC) patients less than 45 years old are at higher risk of dying from the disease when compared to their older counterparts. However, specific risk factors leading to this poorer outcome have not been identified. One candidate is iron deficiency, as this is common in young women and a clinical feature of young age. In the present study, we used immuno-competent and immuno-deficient mouse xenograft models as well as hemoglobin as a marker of iron status in young BC patients to demonstrate whether host iron deficiency plays a pro-metastatic role. We showed that mice fed an iron-deficient diet had significantly higher tumor volumes and lung metastasis compared to those fed normal iron diets. Iron deficiency mainly altered Notch but not TGF-β and Wnt signaling in the primary tumor, leading to the activation of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). This was revealed by increased expression of Snai1 and decreased expression of E-cadherin. Importantly, correcting iron deficiency by iron therapy reduced primary tumor volume, lung metastasis, and reversed EMT markers in mice. Furthermore, we found that mild iron deficiency was significantly associated with lymph node invasion in young BC patients (p<0.002). Together, our finding indicates that host iron deficiency could be a contributor of poor prognosis in young BC patients

  2. Evaluation of Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kujovich, Jody L

    2016-06-01

    Anemia is a common problem in primary care. Classification based on mean cell volume narrows the differential diagnosis and directs testing. A marked macrocytosis is characteristic of vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies, certain medications, and primary bone marrow disorders. The three most common causes of microcytic anemia are iron deficiency, thalassemia trait, and anemia of inflammation. Additional laboratory testing is required for diagnosis. Determination of the rate of development of anemia and examination of a blood smear may provide diagnostic clues to guide more specialized testing. Diagnosis of iron, vitamin B12, or folate deficiency mandates determination of the underlying cause. PMID:27212091

  3. Treatment of Anemia in Heart Failure: Potential Risks and Benefits of Intravenous Iron Therapy in Cardiovascular Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Jelani, Qurat-ul-ain; Katz, Stuart D.

    2010-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia is common is patients with heart failure (HF), but the optimum diagnostic tests to detect iron deficiency and the treatment options to replete iron have not been fully characterized. Recent studies in patients with HF indicate that intravenous iron can rapidly replenish iron stores in patients having iron-deficiency anemia, with resultant increased hemoglobin levels and improved functional capacity. Preliminary data from a sub-group analysis also suggests that supplemen...

  4. Anemia, Growth Failure and Hypothyroidism

    OpenAIRE

    Chaytors, Richard Gordon; Higgins, Gerald

    1980-01-01

    A 12-year-old Caucasian female presented to her family physician with an old complaint of anemia and a new complaint of failure to grow. The anemia, first observed four years previously, had been diagnosed as iron deficiency, but had never satisfactorily responded to adequate iron therapy. Investigation of the failure to grow resulted in a diagnosis of hypothyroidism with related normochromic normocytic anemia.

  5. Impacto de orientação dietética sistemática no primeiro ano de vida nas prevalências de anemia e deficiência de ferro aos 12-16 meses The impact of systematic dietary counseling during the first year of life on prevalence rates of anemia and iron deficiency at 12-16 months

    OpenAIRE

    Gisele Ane Bortolini; Márcia Regina Vitolo

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção baseada em orientação dietética na prevalência de deficiência de ferro, anemia e anemia por deficiência de ferro entre crianças na idade de 12 a 16 meses. MÉTODOS: Recém-nascidos foram randomizados para compor os grupos intervenção e controle. As mães do grupo intervenção receberam orientações dietéticas durante 10 visitas domiciliares realizadas nos primeiros 10 dias após o parto, mensalmente até os 6 meses e, posteriormente, aos 8, 10 e 12 mese...

  6. Pica and refractory iron deficiency anaemia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    von Garnier Christophe

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia worldwide. Pica, the ingestion of substances that are inappropriate for consumption, is associated with iron deficiency and may be under-diagnosed. Case presentation A 34-year-old woman presented with iron deficiency anaemia refractory to treatment for more than a decade. The clinical presentation, endoscopic findings and laboratory investigations were consistent with pica. Subsequent geophysical analysis confirmed that the ingested material was kaolin, a negatively charged silicate. Conclusion Prolonged unexplained iron deficiency anaemia should prompt clinicians to remember and inquire about pica. In our patient, this would have averted numerous unnecessary investigations and prevented a decade-long suffering.

  7. Correlation between vivax malaria infection and iron deficiency in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desmansyah Desmansyah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Iron deficiency is considered to be a major public health problem around the world due to its high prevalence as well as its effect on growth, development, and infection-resistance in children. In malaria-endemic areas, malaria infection is thought to contribute to the occurrence of iron deficiency, by means of hepcidin and hemolysis mechanisms. Objective To assess the prevalence of asymptomatic vivax malaria, compare hemoglobin levels and iron status parameters between vivax malaria-infected and uninfected children, assess the prevalence of iron deficiency, and evaluate a possible correlation between vivax malaria infection and iron deficiency. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from February to April 2013 at Sanana City of Sula Islands District, North Maluku. Six parameters were evaluated in 5-11-year-old children: malaria parasite infection, hemoglobin level, serum iron concentration, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC, serum transferrin saturation, and serum ferritin concentration. Results Among 296 children aged 5-11 years, 75 (25.3% were infected with Plasmodium vivax. In infected children, hemoglobin, serum iron, transferrin saturation, TIBC and serum ferritin were significantly lower than in non-infected children (P<0.01. Using a serum ferritin cut-off of <15 μg/dL, 142 (48.0% of the children were found to be iron deficient. There was a strong correlation between vivax malaria infection and iron deficiency (OR 3.573; 95%CI 2.03-6.29. ConclusionThe prevalence of asymptomatic vivax malaria infection was 25.3%. The hemoglobin level and iron status parameters in vivax malaria-infected subjects were significantly lower than in uninfected children. The prevalence of iron deficiency was 48.0% for all study subjects. Malaria vivax infection was correlated with iron deficiency in 5-11-year-old children at Sanana City.

  8. Role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 in transcriptional activation of ceruloplasmin by iron deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, C. K.; Mazumder, B.; Fox, P. L.

    2000-01-01

    A role of the copper protein ceruloplasmin (Cp) in iron metabolism is suggested by its ferroxidase activity and by the tissue iron overload in hereditary Cp deficiency patients. In addition, plasma Cp increases markedly in several conditions of anemia, e.g. iron deficiency, hemorrhage, renal failure, sickle cell disease, pregnancy, and inflammation. However, little is known about the cellular and molecular mechanism(s) involved. We have reported that iron chelators increase Cp mRNA expression and protein synthesis in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. Furthermore, we have shown that the increase in Cp mRNA is due to increased rate of transcription. We here report the results of new studies designed to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying transcriptional activation of Cp by iron deficiency. The 5'-flanking region of the Cp gene was cloned from a human genomic library. A 4774-base pair segment of the Cp promoter/enhancer driving a luciferase reporter was transfected into HepG2 or Hep3B cells. Iron deficiency or hypoxia increased luciferase activity by 5-10-fold compared with untreated cells. Examination of the sequence showed three pairs of consensus hypoxia-responsive elements (HREs). Deletion and mutation analysis showed that a single HRE was necessary and sufficient for gene activation. The involvement of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) was shown by gel-shift and supershift experiments that showed HIF-1alpha and HIF-1beta binding to a radiolabeled oligonucleotide containing the Cp promoter HRE. Furthermore, iron deficiency (and hypoxia) did not activate Cp gene expression in Hepa c4 hepatoma cells deficient in HIF-1beta, as shown functionally by the inactivity of a transfected Cp promoter-luciferase construct and by the failure of HIF-1 to bind the Cp HRE in nuclear extracts from these cells. These results are consistent with in vivo findings that iron deficiency increases plasma Cp and provides a molecular mechanism that may help to understand these

  9. Clinical evaluation of iron treatment efficiency among non-anemic but iron-deficient female blood donors: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldvogel Sophie

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Iron deficiency without anemia is related to adverse symptoms that can be relieved by supplementation. Since a blood donation can induce such an iron deficiency, we investigated the clinical impact of iron treatment after a blood donation. Methods One week after donation, we randomly assigned 154 female donors with iron deficiency without anemia, aged below 50 years, to a four-week oral treatment of ferrous sulfate versus a placebo. The main outcome was the change in the level of fatigue before and after the intervention. Aerobic capacity, mood disorder, quality of life, compliance and adverse events were also evaluated. Hemoglobin and ferritin were used as biological markers. Results The effect of the treatment from baseline to four weeks of iron treatment was an increase in hemoglobin and ferritin levels to 5.2 g/L (P P P = 0.697 or for other outcomes. Compliance and interruption for side effects was similar in both groups. Additionally, blood donation did not induce overt symptoms of fatigue in spite of the significant biological changes it produces. Conclusions These data are valuable as they enable us to conclude that donors with iron deficiency without anemia after a blood donation would not clinically benefit from iron supplementation. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00981877

  10. A community-based case–control study to investigate the role of iron deficiency in the persistence of goiter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Rambha; Chaudhary, Chintu; Agarwalla, Rashmi; Shaikh, Zakirhusain; Goel, R.K.D.; Patvegar, Bilkish

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To find out the magnitude of iron deficiency anemia in the age group of 6–12 years and investigate the role of iron deficiency as a possible contributor to endemic goiter in school children in Ambala. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted as a subset of a cross-sectional study among 2700 children from 6 to 12 years of age to find out the prevalence of goiter. All the subjects who were found to be suffering from goiter in the cross-sectional study were enrolled in the case–control study as cases and were compared with age- and sex-matched controls (children without goiter) from the same cohort. The study was conducted from February 2011 to January 2012. Results: Out of total, goiter was observed in 12.6% of the subjects. Urinary iodine excretion was found to be Serum ferritin (SF) was <15 ng/mL in 70% of the children. The mean ± standard deviation of SF in the goitrous and nongoitrous children was 19.65 ± 32.51 μg/L and 27.55 ± 21.07 μg/L, respectively (P = 0.012). Conclusion: The findings in the study suggest that iron deficiency anemia in children is contributing toward the persistence of goiter in the postiodization phase. PMID:27366719

  11. Deficiência de ferro na adolescência Iron deficiency in adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlene P. Garanito

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A deficiência de ferro é o distúrbio nutricional mais comum no mundo e constitui a maior causa de anemia associada às condições onde há erro alimentar, perda crônica de sangue ou quando ocorre o crescimento rápido, como na infância, na gravidez e na adolescência. Esta deficiência acarreta prejuízos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, na capacidade de aprendizagem, no apetite, no crescimento e na resposta do sistema imunológico. Na adolescência, além de com frequência observarmos hábitos alimentares inadequados, estão presentes intensas mudanças fisiológicas e psicossociais que, em associação, podem comprometer o crescimento e aumentar o risco do desenvolvimento de deficiência de ferro e outras carências nutricionais, sobretudo na fase púbere. Desta forma, o diagnóstico de deficiência de ferro entre os adolescentes deve ser lembrado a fim de que medidas possam ser tomadas para diminuir a incidência de anemia, do comprometimento do rendimento escolar e do sistema imunológico, neste período da vida.Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder in the world and is a major cause of anemia associated with situations involving chronic blood loss or rapid growth such as during infancy, pregnancy and adolescence. This deficiency leads to impairment in psychomotor development, learning ability, appetite, growth and immune response. In adolescence, inadequate dietary habits are often observed and intensive physiological and psychological changes are seen that when combined can impair growth and increase the risk of developing iron deficiency or other nutritional disorders, especially during puberty. Thus, the diagnosis of iron deficiency among adolescents should always be considered so that measures can be taken to reduce the incidence of anemia, impairment of the immune system and improve school performance.

  12. Association Between Prepartum Maternal Iron Deficiency and Offspring Risk of Schizophrenia: Population-Based Cohort Study With Linkage of Danish National Registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    a diagnosis of anemia at any time during the pregnancy. Cohort members were followed from their 10th birthday until onset of schizophrenia, death, or December 31, 2008, whichever came first. Adjusted for relevant confounders, cohort members whose mothers had received a diagnosis of anemia during......Recent findings suggest that maternal iron deficiency may increase the risk of schizophrenia-spectrum disorder in offspring. We initiated this study to determine whether maternal prepartum anemia influences offspring risk of schizophrenia. We conducted a population-based study with individual...... pregnancy had a 1.60-fold (95% confidence interval = 1.16-2.15) increased risk of schizophrenia. Although the underlying mechanisms are unknown and independent replication is needed, our findings suggest that maternal iron deficiency increases offspring risk of schizophrenia....

  13. Association Between Prepartum Maternal Iron Deficiency and Offspring Risk of Schizophrenia: Population-Based Cohort Study With Linkage of Danish National Registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Holger J; Nielsen, Philip R; Pedersen, Carsten B;

    2011-01-01

    a diagnosis of anemia at any time during the pregnancy. Cohort members were followed from their 10th birthday until onset of schizophrenia, death, or December 31, 2008, whichever came first. Adjusted for relevant confounders, cohort members whose mothers had received a diagnosis of anemia during......Recent findings suggest that maternal iron deficiency may increase the risk of schizophrenia-spectrum disorder in offspring. We initiated this study to determine whether maternal prepartum anemia influences offspring risk of schizophrenia. We conducted a population-based study with individual...... pregnancy had a 1.60-fold (95% confidence interval = 1.16-2.15) increased risk of schizophrenia. Although the underlying mechanisms are unknown and independent replication is needed, our findings suggest that maternal iron deficiency increases offspring risk of schizophrenia....

  14. Serum ferritin to detect iron deficiency in children below five years of age

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    Windy Saufia Apriyanti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Iron deficiency (ID anemia impacts the cognitive and motor development of children until the age of 10 years, despite receiving iron therapy. Early detection of ID is recommended and serum ferritin has been proposed as an alternative indicator for ID detection. Objective To assess the diagnostic accuracy of serum ferritin for detecting ID in children below five years of age. Methods This cross-sectional, diagnostic study was conducted in primary health care centers in Yogyakarta and Bantul. Hemoglobin (Hb, serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR levels were performed on children aged 6–59 months. A sTfR level of ≥ 8.2 mg/L was used to define iron deficiency. The best cut off point for serum ferritin level use as a diagnostic tool was determined by receiver operator curve. Results The prevalence of ID was 32%. Mean hemoglobin levels in iron deficient and healthy children were 11.7 (SD 0.5 g/dL and 12.2 (SD 0.7 g/dL, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV of serum ferritin (<12 ug/L were 17%, 93%, and 56%, respectively. Using a cut off of <32.4 ug/L, serum ferritin had sensitivity of 62.1% and specificity of 50.8%. Conclusions The diagnostic value of serum ferritin levels is modestly capable of detecting ID. Therefore, serum ferritin should not be used as an alternative indicator for detecting ID in children below five years of age. [Paediatr Indones. 2013;53:150-4.].

  15. Treatment of Anemia Progression via Magnetite and Folate Nanoparticles In Vivo

    OpenAIRE

    Elsayed, Hanaa Hussein; Al-Sherbini, Al Sayed A. M.; Abd-Elhady, Eman Elsayed; Ahmed, Kawkab Abd El Aziz.

    2014-01-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is a major global public health problem. Food fortification with iron (Fe) can be an effective strategy to control iron deficiency. An iron oxide nanoparticle (NP) is a new physical and chemical property form. These properties (small particle size, unique physical properties) make nanoiron a great scientific interest especially in the treatment of anemia. The study aimed to reduce anemia by nanoparticles (NPs). Forty-eight adult female Sprague-Dewily rats were divided i...

  16. Pengetahuan dan Sikap Remaja Puteri tentang Anemia Defisiensi Besi di SMA Negeri 15 Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Sihotang, Sophie Devita

    2014-01-01

    Iron-deficiency anemia is one of the nutritional problems of women related to Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). Impact of iron-deficiency anemia in adolescents is lowered immunity, lowered concentration, achievement, and work productivity, and long-term consequences if the girls will get pregnant then this anemia can cause premature birth, bleeding, miscarriage (abortion), pregnancy complications, even death. This study is descriptive, cross sectional data collection methode, using primary data ...

  17. Can Serum Gdf-15 be Associated with Functional Iron Deficiency in Hemodialysis Patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Hakki; Cakmak, Muzaffer; Darcin, Tahir; Inan, Osman; Bilgic, Mukadder Ayse; Bavbek, Nuket; Akcay, Ali

    2016-06-01

    Functional iron deficiency (FID) incidence is gradually increasing in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Recently, high levels of GDF-15 supressed the iron regulatory protein hepcidin and GDF-15 expression increased in iron-deficient patients. The relationship between FID, GDF-15, and hepcidin is currently unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between GDF-15, hepcidin, and FID in chronic HD patients. Serum GDF-15 and hepcidin concentrations were measured in 105 HD patients and 40 controls. FID is defined as serum ferritin >800 ng/mL, TSAT Serum GDF-15 and hepcidin levels were increased significantly in HD patients with FID, compared to HD patients without anemia and controls. GDF-15 correlated with ferritin, hepcidin, and CRP in the entire cohort. GDF-15 was related to ferritin and CRP in HD patients with FID. GDF-15 is better diagnostic marker than hepcidin for detection of FID [AUC = 0.982 (0.013) versus AUC = 0.921 (0.027); P = 0.0324]. GDF-15 appears to be a promising tool for detection of FID. High levels of ferritin and CRP correlated with GDF-15. Our results support GDF-15 as a new mediator of FID via hepcidin, chronic inflammation, or unknown pathways. PMID:27065587

  18. 关注儿童铁缺乏症的有效防治%Attention to the effective prevention and treatment for childhood iron deficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵惠君

    2015-01-01

    我国儿童铁缺乏症(ID)和缺铁性贫血(IDA)发病率较高,但相关防治工作仍显滞后.文章在结合近年相关文献和儿科血液学组于近期推荐的《儿童缺铁和缺铁性贫血防治建议》基础上,简要归纳儿童ID和IDA的防治意义和经验方法.%The incidence of children with iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is still higher in ourcountry now, but the relevant prevention and treatment still lag behind. This paper provides a brief summary of the importanceand impact of childhood ID and IDA prevention and treatment practice based on the recent literatures and"The recommendationsof prevention and treatment for children with iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia" recommended by the Pediatric HematologyGroup recently.

  19. Soluble transferrin receptor as an indicator of iron deficiency and febrile seizures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salma

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Iron deficiency (ID has a high incidence in Indonesia, and is a risk factor for febrile seizures. The most suitable assay to detect iron deficiency in the presence of inflammation has not yet been defined. An indicator of ID unaffected by inflammation is needed, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR may be such an indicator. Objective To evaluate ID as a risk factor for febrile seizures in children with inflammation by sTfR measurements. Method We conducted an age-matched, case-control study, focused on children experiencing on acute illnesses at the time. Subjects were 80 children matched by age (40 in the case group with febrile seizures, and 40 in the control group who were febrile without seizures aged 3 months to 5 years in Mohammad Hoesin Hospital, Palembang from February to August 2013. Subjects’ clinical data and sTfR levels were recorded. Risk factors were analyzed with odd ratios and 95% confident intervals. The sTfR level cut-off point as a predictor of febrile seizures was also defined. Other risk factors were analyzed with multivariate logistic regression test. Results Mean sTfR levels were 41.36 (SD 2.04 nmol/L in the case group and 33.09 (SD 1.02 nmol/L in the control group. Multivariate analysis revealed ID and iron deficient anemia (IDA, as measured by sTfR levels, to be risk factors for febrile seizures (adjusted OR=3.9; 95%CI 1.41 to 10.8; P=0.007 and OR 3.27; 95%CI 1.21 to 8.84; P=0.017, respectively. The sTfR level cut-off point that could be used as a predictor of febrile seizures was 37nmol/L. Conclusion Iron deficiency as measured by increased sTfR is a risk factor for febrile seizures in children. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:95-100].

  20. Impact on infants' cognitive development of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency disorder and common mental disorders.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thach Duc Tran

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency anemia (IDA and common mental disorders (CMD on cognitive development of 6 months old infants in a developing country. METHODS: A prospective population-based study in a rural province in Vietnam, which enrolled pregnant women at 12-20 weeks gestation and followed them up with their infants until six months postpartum. Criteria for IDA were Hb 30 years and primiparity had an indirect adverse effect on infants' Bayley cognitive scores. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that antenatal IDA and CMD both have adverse effects on child cognitive development, which if unrecognized and unaddressed are likely to be lasting. It is crucial that both these risks are considered by policy makers, clinicians, and researchers seeking to improve child cognitive function in developing countries.

  1. A community-based case–control study to investigate the role of iron deficiency in the persistence of goiter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rambha Pathak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To find out the magnitude of iron deficiency anemia in the age group of 6–12 years and investigate the role of iron deficiency as a possible contributor to endemic goiter in school children in Ambala. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted as a subset of a cross-sectional study among 2700 children from 6 to 12 years of age to find out the prevalence of goiter. All the subjects who were found to be suffering from goiter in the cross-sectional study were enrolled in the case–control study as cases and were compared with age- and sex-matched controls (children without goiter from the same cohort. The study was conducted from February 2011 to January 2012. Results: Out of total, goiter was observed in 12.6% of the subjects. Urinary iodine excretion was found to be <100 μg/L in 57 (10.5% children. Mean hemoglobin (Hb level of the study population was 11.9 g/dL. It was noted that 71% of the goitrous children had anemia (Hb <12 g/dL as compared to 63.7% of the control group. Serum ferritin (SF was <15 ng/mL in 70% of the children. The mean ± standard deviation of SF in the goitrous and nongoitrous children was 19.65 ± 32.51 μg/L and 27.55 ± 21.07 μg/L, respectively (P = 0.012. Conclusion: The findings in the study suggest that iron deficiency anemia in children is contributing toward the persistence of goiter in the postiodization phase.

  2. Opportunistic screening for iron-deficiency in 6–36 month old children presenting to the paediatric emergency department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawyduk Brenda J

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Complete Blood Count (CBC is a test frequently performed on children presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED, usually for the evaluation of an infectious illness. The CBC also allows for screening for Iron-deficiency Anemia. This study aims to determine the prevalence of a low Mean Cell Volume (MCV in children having a CBC performed during a PED visit and whether physicians acted upon the abnormal value. Methods We present a retrospective cohort study. We reviewed the PED charts of all children 6–36 months of age who had a CBC performed during a 4-month period and the red blood cell mean cell volume was low. Our main outcome variable was whether or not the possible iron deficiency was addressed through documentation of either iron therapy or further investigation. Results 938 children had a CBC performed during the two periods. Of these, 78 (8% had an abnormal MCV or Hemoglobin with no previously identified explanation. Physicians documented either treatment or follow-up investigations in 27 cases (35%, 95% CI: 24–46%. Factors associated with the physician documenting either treatment or investigation plan were the following: hemoglobin level (OR 12.6; 95%CI: 4.0, 39 and age ≤ 18 months (OR 4.2; 95%CI: 1.4, 13. Conclusion Children who have had a CBC in the PED can be screened for iron deficiency at no additional cost. Physicians may be under-utilizing this information.

  3. Diagnosis and Management of Iron Deficiency in CKD: A Summary of the NICE Guideline Recommendations and Their Rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratcliffe, Laura E K; Thomas, Wayne; Glen, Jessica; Padhi, Smita; Pordes, Ben A J; Wonderling, David; Connell, Roy; Stephens, Suzanne; Mikhail, Ashraf I; Fogarty, Damian G; Cooper, Jan K; Dring, Belinda; Devonald, Mark A J; Brown, Chris; Thomas, Mark E

    2016-04-01

    The UK-based National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has updated its guidance on iron deficiency and anemia management in chronic kidney disease. This report outlines the recommendations regarding iron deficiency and their rationale. Serum ferritin alone or transferrin saturation alone are no longer recommended as diagnostic tests to assess iron deficiency. Red blood cell markers (percentage hypochromic red blood cells, reticulocyte hemoglobin content, or reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent) are better than ferritin level alone at predicting responsiveness to intravenous iron. When red blood cell markers are not available, a combination of transferrin saturation iron status testing and treatment strategies, using percentage hypochromic red blood cells > 6% was the most cost-effective strategy for both hemodialysis and nonhemodialysis patients. A trial of oral iron replacement is recommended in people not receiving an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) and not on hemodialysis therapy. For children receiving ESAs, but not treated by hemodialysis, oral iron should be considered. In adults and children receiving ESAs and/or on hemodialysis therapy, intravenous iron should be offered. When giving intravenous iron, high-dose low-frequency administration is recommended. For all children and for adults receiving in-center hemodialysis, low-dose high-frequency administration may be more appropriate. PMID:26763385

  4. Common Bean Leaves as a Source of Dietary Iron: Functional Test in an Iron-Deficient Rat Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Zavala, Mauricio; Mora-Avilés, María Alejandra; Anaya-Loyola, Miriam Aracely; Guzmán-Maldonado, Horacio; Aguilera-Barreyro, Araceli; Blanco-Labra, Alejandro; García-Gasca, Teresa

    2016-09-01

    Recent findings made by our group indicate that the iron content in Phaseolus vulgaris leaves is at least four times greater than in grains therefore, we evaluated the effect of supplementation with bean leaf (iron content of 275 mg/kg on a dry basis) in iron-deficient rats. Anemia was induced by feeding rats with an iron-deficient diet (IDD) for 11 days and iron-recovery diets were subsequently tested for 14 days using a normal diet, a 10 % bean leaf-supplemented IDD (BLSD) or a ferrous sulfate-supplemented IDD. Decreased levels of leukocytes (64 %), erythrocytes (30 %), lymphocytes (62 %), granulocytes (72 %), hematocrit (34 %), hemoglobin (35 %), and ferritin (34 %) were observed in the iron-deficient rats compared to the control rats. BLSD supplementation showed the highest recovery values relative to those recorded for control rats: leukocytes (40 %), erythrocytes (24 %), lymphocytes (33 %), granulocytes (88 %), hematocrit (17 %), and hemoglobin (18 %), suggesting that common bean leaves could be a good source of bioavailable iron with possible immunomodulatory effects. PMID:27319012

  5. Non-anemic Iron Deficiency from Birth to Weaning Does Not Impair Growth or Memory in Piglets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonides, Alexandra; van Laarhoven, Serana; van der Staay, Franz J.; Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    2016-01-01

    Early iron deficiency is associated with impaired (cognitive) development, the severity of which depends on the timing and duration of the under-supply of iron. To design effective treatment and prevention strategies for iron deficiency in humans, suited animal models are needed. In an earlier study (Antonides et al., 2015b) we separated 10 pairs of piglets from their mothers within a few days after birth and reared one sibling with artificial iron-deficient (ID) and the other with balanced control milk until weaning. ID piglets grew slower and showed poorer reference memory (RM) performance than their controls in a spatial holeboard task, even weeks after iron repletion. One putative intervening factor in that study was pre-weaning maternal deprivation. In an attempt to refine the piglet iron-deficiency model, we assessed whether piglets reared by sows, but withheld iron supplementation, can serve as animal model of iron deficiency. As sow milk is inherently ID, piglets normally receive a prophylactic iron injection. Ten pairs of piglets were housed with foster sows until weaning (4 weeks). One sibling per pair was randomly assigned to the control group (receiving iron dextran injections: 40 mg iron per kilogram body mass on days 3 and 10), the other to the ID group. From weaning, all pigs were fed a balanced commercial diet. Blood samples were taken in week 1, 3.5, 6, and 12. Pre-weaning blood iron values of ID piglets were lower than those of controls, but recovered to normal values after weaning. Hemoglobin of ID piglets did not reach anemic values. Hematocrit and hemoglobin of ID animals did not decrease, and serum iron even increased pre-weaning, suggesting that the piglets had access to an external source of iron, e.g., spilled feed or feces of the foster sows. Growth, and spatial memory assessed in the holeboard from 10 to 16 weeks of age, was unaffected in ID pigs. We conclude that sow-raised piglets are not a suitable model for iron-deficiency induced

  6. Non-anemic Iron Deficiency from Birth to Weaning Does Not Impair Growth or Memory in Piglets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonides, Alexandra; van Laarhoven, Serana; van der Staay, Franz J; Nordquist, Rebecca E

    2016-01-01

    Early iron deficiency is associated with impaired (cognitive) development, the severity of which depends on the timing and duration of the under-supply of iron. To design effective treatment and prevention strategies for iron deficiency in humans, suited animal models are needed. In an earlier study (Antonides et al., 2015b) we separated 10 pairs of piglets from their mothers within a few days after birth and reared one sibling with artificial iron-deficient (ID) and the other with balanced control milk until weaning. ID piglets grew slower and showed poorer reference memory (RM) performance than their controls in a spatial holeboard task, even weeks after iron repletion. One putative intervening factor in that study was pre-weaning maternal deprivation. In an attempt to refine the piglet iron-deficiency model, we assessed whether piglets reared by sows, but withheld iron supplementation, can serve as animal model of iron deficiency. As sow milk is inherently ID, piglets normally receive a prophylactic iron injection. Ten pairs of piglets were housed with foster sows until weaning (4 weeks). One sibling per pair was randomly assigned to the control group (receiving iron dextran injections: 40 mg iron per kilogram body mass on days 3 and 10), the other to the ID group. From weaning, all pigs were fed a balanced commercial diet. Blood samples were taken in week 1, 3.5, 6, and 12. Pre-weaning blood iron values of ID piglets were lower than those of controls, but recovered to normal values after weaning. Hemoglobin of ID piglets did not reach anemic values. Hematocrit and hemoglobin of ID animals did not decrease, and serum iron even increased pre-weaning, suggesting that the piglets had access to an external source of iron, e.g., spilled feed or feces of the foster sows. Growth, and spatial memory assessed in the holeboard from 10 to 16 weeks of age, was unaffected in ID pigs. We conclude that sow-raised piglets are not a suitable model for iron-deficiency induced

  7. Iron Deficiency in Preschool Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilgic, Ayhan; Gurkan, Kagan; Turkoglu, Serhat; Akca, Omer Faruk; Kilic, Birim Gunay; Uslu, Runa

    2010-01-01

    Iron deficiency (ID) causes negative outcomes on psychomotor and behavioral development of infants and young children. Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are under risk for ID and this condition may increase the severity of psychomotor and behavioral problems, some of which already inherently exist in these children. In the present…

  8. The double burden of malnutrition: obesity and iron deficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cepeda López, A.C.

    2015-01-01

    Background: The world faces a “double burden” of malnutrition; this is true especially in transition countries like Mexico. The co-existence of obesity and iron deficiency (ID) within a person has been clearly demonstrated in several studies but the mechanisms linking th

  9. Iron deficiency and overload in relation to nutrition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spanjersberg MQI; Jansen EHJM; LEO

    2000-01-01

    Nutritional iron intake in the Netherlands has been reviewed with respect to both iron deficiency and iron overload. In general, iron intake and iron status in the Netherlands are adequate and therefore no change in nutrition policy is required. The following aspects and developments, however, need

  10. Evaluation of Ferric and Ferrous Iron Therapies in Women with Iron Deficiency Anaemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ilhami Berber; Halit Diri; Mehmet Ali Erkurt; Ismet Aydogdu; Emin Kaya; Irfan Kuku

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Different ferric and ferrous iron preparations can be used as oral iron supplements. Our aim was to compare the effects of oral ferric and ferrous iron therapies in women with iron deficiency anaemia. Methods. The present study included 104 women diagnosed with iron deficiency anaemia after evaluation. In the evaluations performed to detect the aetiology underlying the iron deficiency anaemia, it was found and treated. After the detection of the iron deficiency anaemia aetiolog...

  11. Causas y consecuencias de la deficiencia de hierro Causes and consequences of iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Olivares

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available La deficiencia de hierro es la deficiencia nutricional más prevalente y la principal causa de anemia a escala mundial. Además de las manifestaciones propias de la anemia, se han descrito otras manifestaciones no hematológicas tales como: disminución de la capacidad de trabajo físico y de la actividad motora espontánea, alteraciones de la inmunidad celular y de la capacidad bactericida de los neutrófilos, disminución de la termogénesis, alteraciones funcionales e histológicas del tubo digestivo, falla en la movilización de la vitamina A hepática, mayor riesgo de parto prematuro, bajo peso de nacimiento y de morbilidad perinatal, menor transferencia de hierro al feto, una disminución de la velocidad de crecimiento, alteraciones conductuales y del desarrollo mental y motor, velocidad de conducción más lenta de los sistemas sensoriales auditivo y visual, y reducción del tono vagal. La prevención de la deficiencia de hierro incluye cambios en los hábitos alimentarios, fortificación de los alimentos y la suplementación con hierro.Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the main cause of anemia worldwide. Apart from anemia effects, other non-hematological manifestations have been described, such as decreased capacity for physical work and spontaneous motor activity, impairment of cell-mediated immunity and bactericidal capacity of neutrophils, decreased thermoregulation, functional and histological abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, defective mobilization of liver vitamin A, increased risk of premature labor, low birth-weight and perinatal morbidity, reduced iron transfer to the fetus and growth retardation, behavioral disorders and mental and motor development delays, decreased auditory and visual systems nerve conduction velocity, as well as reduction of the vagal tone. The prevention of iron deficiency can be accomplished by changes in dietary patterns, food fortification and iron

  12. Severe anemia causing cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in an infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushil Beri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is a common pediatric problem affecting up to 25% children worldwide. It has been linked with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in the literature. We describe a 9-month-old child who had severe iron deficiency anemia and developed acute venous sinus thrombosis associated with minor infection. Treatment with anticoagulation was partially successful with persistent thrombosis after 3 months. We reviewed the current literature highlighting the association of anemia as a risk factor for development of stroke in children.

  13. Hydroponic Screening for Iron Deficiency Tolerance in Evergreen Azaleas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia DEMASI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Evergreen azaleas grow in acid soil and suffer from iron deficiency when cultivated in substrate with pH higher than 6.0. In order to select tolerant plants, 11 azalea genotypes were tested for 21 days in alkaline solution (pH 9, buffered with sodium hydrogen carbonate (1 g·l-1. Leaf damage, root length and mortality rate were recorded. While leaf damage and mortality rate allowed to discriminate genotypes, root development appeared not directly linked to iron deficiency tolerance. Rhododendron ‘Juko’, R. scabrum, R. macrosepalum ‘Hanaguruma’, R. x pulchrum ‘Oomurasaki’, and R. x pulchrum ‘Sen-e-oomurasaki’ resulted iron efficient genetic resources, useful for azalea cultivation and gardening in calcareous soils. On the contrary, R. obtusum ‘Kirin’, R. tosaense, R.x mucronatum ‘Fujimanyo’ and R. obtusum ‘Susogo-no-ito’ resulted iron deficiency sensitive genotypes. R. x mucronatum ‘Ryukyushibori’ and R. indicum ‘Kinsai’ showed intermediate responses.

  14. Assessment of Anemia Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors among Pregnant Women in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    M'Cormack, Fredanna A. D.; Drolet, Judy C.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia prevalence of pregnant Sierra Leone women currently is reported to be 59.7%. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 3-7% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of urban pregnant Sierra Leone women regarding anemia.…

  15. Effects of cellular iron deficiency on the formation of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis. Iron deficiency and angiogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Eckard Jonathan; Dai Jisen; Wu Jing; Jian Jinlong; Yang Qing; Chen Haobin; Costa Max; Frenkel Krystyna; Huang Xi

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Young women diagnosed with breast cancer are known to have a higher mortality rate from the disease than older patients. Specific risk factors leading to this poorer outcome have not been identified. In the present study, we hypothesized that iron deficiency, a common ailment in young women, contributes to the poor outcome by promoting the hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) formation. This hypothesis was tested in an in vitro ...

  16. Effects of cellular iron deficiency on the formation of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis. Iron deficiency and angiogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eckard Jonathan

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Young women diagnosed with breast cancer are known to have a higher mortality rate from the disease than older patients. Specific risk factors leading to this poorer outcome have not been identified. In the present study, we hypothesized that iron deficiency, a common ailment in young women, contributes to the poor outcome by promoting the hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF formation. This hypothesis was tested in an in vitro cell culture model system. Results Human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with transferrin receptor-1 (TfR1 shRNA to constitutively impair iron uptake. Cellular iron status was determined by a set of iron proteins and angiogenesis was evaluated by levels of VEGF in cells as well as by a mouse xenograft model. Significant decreases in ferritin with concomitant increases in VEGF were observed in TfR1 knockdown MDA-MB-231 cells when compared to the parental cells. TfR1 shRNA transfectants also evoked a stronger angiogenic response after the cells were injected subcutaneously into nude mice. The molecular mechanism appears that cellular iron deficiency elevates VEGF formation by stabilizing HIF-1α. This mechanism is also true in human breast cancer MCF-7 and liver cancer HepG2 cells. Conclusions Cellular iron deficiency increased HIF-1α, VEGF, and angiogenesis, suggesting that systemic iron deficiency might play an important part in the tumor angiogenesis and recurrence in this young age group of breast cancer patients.

  17. Coombs-Negative Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in Crohn’s Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Bong Soo; Park, Sihyung; Jin, Kyubok; Kim, Yeon Mee; Park, Kang Min; Lee, Jeong-Nyeo; Kamesaki, Toyomi; Kim, Yang Wook

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Female, 41 Final Diagnosis: Coombs negative autoimmune hemolytic anemia Symptoms: Dark urine • dizziness • dyspnea Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Immunoradiometric assay for RBC-IgG Specialty: Hematology Objective: Rare disease Background: Anemia is a common, important extraintestinal complication of Crohn’s disease. The main types of anemia in patients with Crohn’s disease are iron deficiency anemia and anemia of chronic disease. Although patients with Crohn’s disease may experie...

  18. Carbonyl iron reduces anemia and improves effectiveness of treatment in under six-year-old children Ferro carbonila reduz anemia e melhora a efetividade do tratamento de crianças menores de 6 anos de idade

    OpenAIRE

    Iria L. G. Farias; Elisangela Colpo; Salimara R. Botton; Rosirene B. Silveira; Adriane Fleig; Carlos Andre A. Schimitz; José Edson P. Silva

    2009-01-01

    The treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children usually consists in the use of ferrous sulfate solution, but this treatment does not always have the desired effectiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chewable carbonyl iron tablets as an alternative for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in under six-year-old children. Seventy-three children from Brazilian Family Health Units in Santa Maria, Brazil, were included in this study. One group received chewabl...

  19. Iron Deficiency in Young Children: A Risk Marker for Early Childhood Caries

    OpenAIRE

    Iranna Koppal, Pushpa; Sakri, Mohan Ravishankar; Akkareddy, Basavaprabhu; Hinduja, Dharam M; Gangolli, Raviraj Annayya; Patil, Basanagouda C

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Aim: Evaluate the coexistence of iron deficiency and early childhood caries. Evaluate whether iron deficiency can be considered as a risk marker for early childhood caries. Estimate the incidence of iron deficiency in children with early childhood caries. To evaluate and compare the iron status of children with and without severe early childhood caries. Materials and methods: Sixty children of age 2 to 6 years in whom blood investigations are advised by pediatricians are selected for...

  20. Iron deficiency and iron excess damage mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Walter, Patrick B.; Knutson, Mitchell D.; Paler-Martinez, Andres; Lee, Sonia; Xu, Yu; Viteri, Fernando E; Ames, Bruce N.

    2002-01-01

    Approximately two billion people, mainly women and children, are iron deficient. Two studies examined the effects of iron deficiency and supplementation on rats. In study 1, mitochondrial functional parameters and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage were assayed in iron-deficient (≤5 μg/day) and iron-normal (800 μg/day) rats and in both groups after daily high-iron supplementation (8,000 μg/day) for 34 days. This dose is equivalent to the daily dose commonly given to iron-deficient humans. Iron-...

  1. [Approach to the diagnosis and treatment of chronic anemia secondary to gastrointestinal diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Moranta, Francisco; Rodríguez-Alonso, Lorena; Guardiola Capón, Jordi

    2014-12-01

    Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia and can cause asthenia, cognitive and functional impairment, and decompensation of underlying diseases. Iron deficiency anemia is not a disease but is the result of a potentially serious medical problem. Consequently, patients should always undergo investigation of the underlying cause. In men and postmenopausal women, the condition is caused by gastrointestinal loss and malabsorption of iron. In this group, recommended procedures are gastroscopy, colonoscopy and serological testing for celiac disease. If the results of these tests are negative, repeat examinations and iron therapy should be considered. In treatment-refractory or recurrent anemia, the small intestine should be investigated. In this case, the procedure of choice is capsule endoscopy. Iron deficiency anemia should always be treated until iron deposits have returned to normal levels. A wide variety of preparations are available, in both oral and parental formulations. PMID:25443541

  2. Ulcerative Colitis Associated with Aplastic Anemia; A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ghavidel, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Anemia is the most common hematologic disorder in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). In some cases, normochromic anemia results from the presence of chronic disease; however blood loss or malabsorption may lead to an iron deficiency anemia with hypochromic appearance. Other rare hematologic manifestations associated with UC include myelodysplastic syndromes and leukemia. Several investigators have suggested a clinical association between inflammatory bowel disease and myelodysplastic synd...

  3. Sideropenic anemia in preschool children and risk factors

    OpenAIRE

    Stojanović Dušica; Nikić Dragana; Jelenković Bratimirka

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Sideropenic anemia is one of the most common nutritional disorders in the world. The children are at higher risk of iron deficiency than adults due to their rapid growth during infancy and relatively higher requirements of iron. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of sideropenic anemia in pre-school children and relevant risk factors. METHOD: Study on sideropenic anemia of preschool children was performed in Zaječar Municipality in 2003. Subje...

  4. Anemia in inflammatory bowel disease: an underestimated problem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard eRogler

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Anemia is one of the most frequent complications and/or extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD. Iron deficiency is the most important cause of anemia in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients. Iron deficiency even without anemia may impact the quality of life of our IBD patients. In the last ten years the understanding of the pathophysiology of iron deficiency anemia and anemia of chronic diseases has increased, new diagnostic tools have been developed and new therapeutic strategies have been discussed. Hepcidin has been identified to be a central regulator of iron absorption from the intestine and of iron plasma levels. Hepcidin is regulated by iron deficiency but also as an acute phase protein by pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-6. Innovative diagnostic tools with respect to iron metabolism have not been introduced in clinical routine or are not available for routine diagnostics. As iron substitution therapy is easy these days with a preference for intravenous substitution the impact of differential diagnosis of anemia in IBD patients is underestimated.

  5. Deficiência de ferro no paciente submetido à ressecção gástrica ou intestinal: prevalência, causas, repercussões clínicas, abordagem diagnóstica e prevenção Iron deficiency anemia in patients submitted to gastric or small intestine resection: prevalence, cause, clinical outcome, diagnostic workup and prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Fabíola Traina

    2010-01-01

    Anemia ferropriva é frequente em pacientes submetidos à ressecção gástrica, para o tratamento de úlcera péptica ou câncer gástrico, e à cirurgia bariátrica, para o tratamento de obesidade. As cirurgias bariátricas podem ter como consequência a restrição do estômago, sem necessariamente ressecção gástrica, ou ressecção gástrica associada ou não a ressecção intestinal. As causas da deficiência de ferro nestes pacientes são multifatoriais e incluem: (1) baixa ingestão de ferro oral por intolerân...

  6. Diagnostic utility of zinc protoporphyrin to detect iron deficiency in Kenyan pregnant women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mwangi, M.N.; Maskey, S.; Andang'o, P.E.A.; Shinali, N.K.; Roth, J.M.; Trijsburg, L.; Mwangi, A.M.

    2014-01-01

    Iron-deficient erythropoiesis results in excess formation of zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP), which can be measured instantly and at low assay cost using portable haematofluorometers. ZPP is used as a screening marker of iron deficiency in individual pregnant women and children, but also to assess populat

  7. Cortical sinovenous thrombosis in a child with nephrotic syndrome and iron deficiency anaemia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meena A

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Cortical sinovenous thrombosis in a child with nephrotic syndrome and iron deficiency anaemia is described. The most probable mechanism for the hypercoagulable state was thrombocytosis associated with iron deficiency anaemia. The other possible contributing factor might have been the diuretic therapy during the phase of relapse.

  8. Orientação nutricional do paciente com deficiência de ferro Nutritional guidelines for patients with iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele A. Bortolini

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A deficiência de ferro ocorre quando as reservas nutricionais de ferro são esgotadas, principalmente devido ao balanço negativo entre ingestão e requerimentos de ferro. Quando a deficiência de ferro é severa desenvolve-se então a anemia por deficiência de ferro. A reposição dos estoques deve ser feita por meio de suplementação medicamentosa. A estratégia de educação nutricional, que visa o consumo quantitativo e qualitativo adequado de alimentos, fontes dos diversos nutrientes, é uma alternativa que possui baixo custo e não produz efeitos indesejáveis. O presente trabalho apresenta as recomendações nutricionais para a prevenção da deficiência de ferro e para o paciente com deficiência de ferro. A avaliação da ingestão alimentar e posterior orientação alimentar são importantes para contribuir com o tratamento e para mudar práticas alimentares, evitando assim a reocorrência da deficiência de ferro. Os grupos mais vulneráveis para a deficiência de ferro e que merecem atenção especial são as crianças, gestantes e mulheres em idade fértil.Iron deficiency occurs when nutritional iron reserves are used up mainly as a result of a negative balance between intake and requirements. When iron deficiency is severe, the patient evolves with iron deficiency anaemia. Replacement of iron reserves is normally by means of a medicinal supplement. One low cost alternative that does not present unwanted side effects is nutritional education which aims at quantitatively and qualitatively improving the consumption of foods and thus provide a healthy diet. The current study presents nutritional guidelines both for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anaemia. It is important that an evaluation of dietary intake is made and that dietary counseling is followed to assist treatment and to change eating habits, thereby preventing the recurrence of iron deficiency. The most vulnerable groups for iron deficiency warrant

  9. Knowledge and awareness about Iron deficiency and megaloblastic anaemia among blood donors: a study at rural based tertiary care hospital

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    Amar R. Shah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Voluntary blood donation is promoted in order to make the blood banking safe and successful. Research in the area of blood donation has found that, iron stores are influenced by regular blood donation if dietary intake of iron is inadequate. Awareness and knowledge among blood donors regarding iron and B12 deficiency and its prevention is very much required. Objective: To assess the knowledge and awareness about iron deficiency and megaloblastic anaemia among blood donors. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the 500 voluntary blood donors during the span of 1 year at one of the blood bank of tertiary care hospital using prestructured questionnaire on the various aspect of iron and B12 deficiency/folate deficiency anemia. The data was analysed with the help of Microsoft excel and SPSS. Results: Out of 500 blood donors, 15.6% donors were regular blood donor. It was observed 60% blood donors were having knowledge of anemia in general. Iron deficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency were known to 42% and 31.6% donors, respectively. Only 20% donors could able to answer the acceptable level of hemoglobin require for donating the blood. About 42% donors were aware about importance of iron, folate and vitamin B12 in maintaining normal hemoglobin level. Majority (82.7% of regular blood donors were willing to get information regarding iron, folate and vitamin B12 deficiency. Conclusion: Significant lack of awareness regarding iron and vitamin B12 deficiency was observed in regular voluntary blood donors. The present study recommends the provision of health education on iron and vitamin B12 deficiency as well as Iron, folate and vitamin B12 rich foods to regular blood donor to prevent anaemia among them. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 708-710

  10. Effect of Iron Repletion and Correction of Iron Deficiency on Thyroid Function in Iron-deficient Iranian Adolescent Girls

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    Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine whether iron supplementation in iron-deficient adolescent girls would improve thyroid function. A double-blind clinical trial was performed in a region in southern I.R. Iran. A total of 103 iron deficient participants were chosen. In all, 94 participants successfully completed this study. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups and treated with a 300 mg ferrous sulfate 5 times/week (n = 47 and placebo 5 times/week (n = 47 for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected and assayed for hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum ferritin, iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC, Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH, total thyroxine (TT4, total triiodothyronine (TT3, free thyroid hormones (FT4 and FT3, triiodothyronine resin uptake (T3RU, reverse triiodothyronine (rT3, selenium and albumin concentrations. Statistical analysis was performed with parametric and non-parametric methods as appropriate. Data analysis revealed a significant increase in TT4, TT3, T3RU and a significant decrease in rT3 concentration in comparison to initial values in iron treated group (12%, p<0.001; 3.5%, p<0.001; 16%, p<0.05 and 47%, p<0.001, respectively. At 12 week there were significant differences between control and placebo in TT4, TT3, T3RU and rT3 concentrations (9.9 vs 8.4 μg dL-1, 145.2 vs 130.4 μg dL-1, 32.5 vs 28.4% and 23 vs 41 μg dL-1, respectively, all p<0.001. Alterations in FT3 and TSH concentration were not significant, but concentration of FT4 revealed a significant difference between the beginning and the end of the study in iron treated group (10.3 vs 11.4, p<0.001. Iron supplementation improves some indices of thyroid function in iron-deficient adolescent girls.

  11. Anemia and Feeding Practices among Infants in Rural Shaanxi Province in China

    OpenAIRE

    Renfu Luo; Yaojiang Shi; Huan Zhou; Ai Yue; Linxiu Zhang; Sean Sylvia; Alexis Medina; Scott Rozelle

    2014-01-01

    Anemia is one of the most prevalent public health problems among infants and iron deficiency anemia has been related to many adverse consequences. The overall goal of this study is to examine the prevalence of anemia among infants in poor rural China and to identify correlates of anemia. In April 2013, we randomly sampled 948 infants aged 6–11 months living in 351 villages across 174 townships in nationally-designated poverty counties in rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province, China. Infa...

  12. Identifying the threshold of iron deficiency in the central nervous system of the rat by the auditory brainstem response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greminger, Allison R; Mayer-Pröschel, Margot

    2015-01-01

    The deleterious effects of anemia on auditory nerve (AN) development have been well investigated; however, we have previously reported that significant functional consequences in the auditory brainstem response (ABR) can also occur as a consequence of marginal iron deficiency (ID). As the ABR has widespread clinical use, we evaluated the ability of this electrophysiological method to characterize the threshold of tissue ID in rats by examining the relationship between markers of tissue ID and severity of ABR latency defects. To generate various levels of ID, female Long-Evans rats were exposed to diets containing sufficient, borderline, or deficient iron (Fe) concentrations throughout gestation and offspring lifetime. We measured hematological indices of whole body iron stores in dams and offspring to assess the degree of ID. Progression of AN ID in the offspring was measured as ferritin protein levels at different times during postnatal development to complement ABR functional measurements. The severity of ABR deficits correlated with the level of Fe restriction in each diet. The sufficient Fe diet did not induce AN ID and consequently did not show an impaired ABR latency response. The borderline Fe diet, which depleted AN Fe stores but did not cause systemic anemia resulted in significantly increased ABR latency isolated to Peak I.The low Fe diet, which induced anemia and growth retardation, significantly increased ABR latencies of Peaks I to IV. Our findings indicate that changes in the ABR could be related to various degrees of ID experienced throughout development. PMID:25732706

  13. Celiac disease, iron deficiency anaemia, grave's disease, osteopenia and short stature in single patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Celiac disease is an intestinal immune mediated disorder, triggered by ingestion of gluten-containing diet in genetically susceptible individuals. The genetic pre-disposition is related to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genes, especially HLA-DQ2 positive patients. The prevalence of celiac disease in high worldwide and it has been estimated to be 1-26% in Western countries. Many auto-immune diseases can be associated with celiac disease including auto-immune thyroid disease; hashimoto thyroiditis and grave's disease. The opposite also appears to be true, celiac disease is found on persons with auto-immune thyroid disorders at high rates than the general population. Celiac disease is also associated with other extraintestinal diseases other the auto-immune diseases like anemia, short stature, metabolic bone disease and others. Screening for celiac disease should be considered in patients with auto-immune thyroid disease, anemia, short stature and metabolic bone disease. The life-long adherence to gluten-free diet is the only cure in celiac disease and can improve the quality of patients life and prevent future complications. This report describes a case of Grave's disease, Iron deficiency anemia, Short stature, Osteopenia, diagnosed to have Celiac disease. (author)

  14. Anemia do lactente: etiologia e prevalência Anemia in infancy: etiology and prevalence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Claret C.M. Hadler

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: verificar a prevalência de anemia, anemia ferropriva e deficiência de ferro em lactentes, de unidade pública de saúde, no município de Goiânia, Brasil, analisar e correlacionar as variáveis bioquímicas e hematológicas. Métodos: realizou-se estudo transversal. De 120 mães entrevistadas, foram incluídos 110 lactentes de 6 a 12 meses de idade, a termo e não gemelares. Dados socioeconômicos e hematológicos foram obtidos. Colheu-se sangue venoso dos lactentes em jejum para realização do hemograma completo por contagem eletrônica, ferro sérico, ferritina sérica e proteína C-reativa, os quais foram utilizados na avaliação da etiologia ferropriva nos anêmicos. Crianças com hemoglobina Objective: To verify the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency anemia and iron deficiency in infants, at a Public Health Unit in the city of Goiânia - Brazil; to analyze and to correlate the hematologic and biochemical variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. One hundred and ten full-term infants of the 120 mothers interviewed were included. The infants aged between six and twelve months and there were not twins. Socioeconomic and hematologic data was obtained. Venous blood was taken from fasting infants in order to carry out a complete hemogram through electronic cell counting, serum iron, serum ferritin and C-reactive protein, which were used in the evaluation of the etiology of iron deficiency in the anemic infants. Children with hemoglobin < 11g/dL were considered anemic. Results: The prevalence of anemia was 60.9%. In the diagnosis of the iron deficiency etiology in infants without an inflammation process, when considering the alteration of hemoglobin plus two more indices among mean corpuscular volume (MCV or mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH or serum ferritin or serum iron, the prevalence of the iron deficiency was 87%. Nevertheless, when red cell distribution width (RDW was included in the indices, the

  15. Multidisciplinary approach to anemia

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    Anca Ghiațău

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We present the case of a 65 years- old woman who was admitted with a severe macrocytic anemia Hb= 5.7g/dl and diffuse bone pain. Biologically she has moderate thrombocytopenia 35 000/µl, a hepatic cytolysis and cholestatic syndrome. Material and method: The patient was extensively evaluated before presentation for a mild iron - deficiency anemia for which she underwent endoscopic examination of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract- normal. The bone marrow aspiration on admission revealed a marked hyperplasia of the erythroblastic line with ~50% basophilic erythroblasts suggesting a regenerative erythroid hyperplasia. These changes along with the marked reticulocytosis on the peripheral blood smear oriented us towards a hemolytic anemia; Folic acid, vitamin B12, autoimmune tests and hemolytic tests were all normal. We continued the investigations with a thoraco-abdominopelvic computed tomography which identified diffuse demineralization, vertebral compactation and pelvic stress fractures. The breast examination revealed a right breast nodule, but the breast ultrasonography pleaded for benignity. Lacking a clear definitive diagnosis we decided to perform a bone marrow biopsy. Results: The osteo- medullary biopsy pointed towards a medullar invasion from a lobular mammary carcinoma; In these circumstances we performed an ultrasound guided biopsy of the right mammary lump thus histologically confirming a tumoral invasion of the bone marrow with subsequent anemia. The patient started chemotherapy in the Oncology ward. Conclusion: The particularity of this case consists in the pattern of anemia, which initially seemed iron deficient and afterwards macrocytic – apparently hemolytic and was actually due to the tumoral medullar invasion and also the nonspecific ultrasonographic appearance of the breast tumor.

  16. An Etiologic Profile of Anemia in 405 Geriatric Patients

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    Tabea Geisel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Anemia is a common condition in the elderly and a significant risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality, reducing not only functional capacity and mobility but also quality of life. Currently, few data are available regarding anemia in hospitalized geriatric patients. Our retrospective study investigated epidemiology and causes of anemia in 405 hospitalized geriatric patients. Methods. Data analysis was performed using laboratory parameters determined during routine hospital admission procedures (hemoglobin, ferritin, transferrin saturation, C-reactive protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and creatinine in addition to medical history and demographics. Results. Anemia affected approximately two-thirds of subjects. Of 386 patients with recorded hemoglobin values, 66.3% were anemic according to WHO criteria, mostly (85.1% in a mild form. Anemia was primarily due to iron deficiency (65%, frequently due to underlying chronic infection (62.1%, or of mixed etiology involving a combination of chronic disease and iron deficiency, with absolute iron deficiency playing a comparatively minor role. Conclusion. Greater awareness of anemia in the elderly is warranted due to its high prevalence and negative effect on outcomes, hospitalization duration, and mortality. Geriatric patients should be routinely screened for anemia and etiological causes of anemia individually assessed to allow timely initiation of appropriate therapy.

  17. Multivariable Discriminant Analysis for the Differential Diagnosis of Microcytic Anemia

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    Eloísa Urrechaga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Iron deficiency anemia and thalassemia are the most common causes of microcytic anemia. Powerful statistical computer programming enables sensitive discriminant analyses to aid in the diagnosis. We aimed at investigating the performance of the multiple discriminant analysis (MDA to the differential diagnosis of microcytic anemia. Methods. The training group was composed of 200 β-thalassemia carriers, 65 α-thalassemia carriers, 170 iron deficiency anemia (IDA, and 45 mixed cases of thalassemia and acute phase response or iron deficiency. A set of potential predictor parameters that could detect differences among groups were selected: Red Blood Cells (RBC, hemoglobin (Hb, mean cell volume (MCV, mean cell hemoglobin (MCH, and RBC distribution width (RDW. The functions obtained with MDA analysis were applied to a set of 628 consecutive patients with microcytic anemia. Results. For classifying patients into two groups (genetic anemia and acquired anemia, only one function was needed; 87.9% β-thalassemia carriers, and 83.3% α-thalassemia carriers, and 72.1% in the mixed group were correctly classified. Conclusion. Linear discriminant functions based on hemogram data can aid in differentiating between IDA and thalassemia, so samples can be efficiently selected for further analysis to confirm the presence of genetic anemia.

  18. A problemática da adesão na prevenção da anemia ferropriva e suplementação com sais de ferro no município de Viçosa (MG) Problems of adherence to the program of prevention of iron deficiency anemia and supplementation with iron salts in the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana Ferreira da Rocha Sant'Ana; Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini; Luciana Saraiva da Silva; Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta; Catarina Machado Azeredo; Joel Alves Lamounier

    2013-01-01

    Foi analisada a apreensão das mães/responsáveis por lactentes suplementados com sulfato ferroso, sobre a anemia e suas consequências, por grau de adesão à suplementação. Pesquisa populacional, prospectiva e quanti-qualitativa. Selecionou-se crianças não anêmicas e que não estivessem recebendo suplementação. As mães/responsáveis foram orientadas a administrarem a suplementação profilática de ferro por seis meses e a adesão foi avaliada após o período. Dentre as 133 crianças elegíveis inicialme...

  19. Iron-Fortified Drinking Water Studies for the Prevention of Children's Anemia in Developing Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Jose E. Dutra-de-Oliveira; J. Sergio Marchini; Joel Lamounier; Carlos A. N. de Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Anemia and iron deficiency should receive special attention considering their high prevalence and serious consequences. For prevention, globally it is recommended to increase dietary iron intake, iron fortification of industrialized foods, and medical iron supplementation. Food fortification for the prevention of iron deficiency in developing countries should consider carriers locally available and consumed daily, requiring limited infrastructure and technology. Drinking water is the iron car...

  20. Impacto da inflamação na regulação do ferro e deficiência funcional de ferro Importance of inflammation on iron homeostasis and functional iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Stella Figueiredo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Deficiência funcional de ferro (Fe pode ser definida como o desbalanço entre a quantidade necessária de Fe para a síntese de hemoglobina e o seu suprimento. Ela ocorre na ausência de estoque de Fe, característica da anemia ferropênica (AF, e na presença de bloqueio da homeostasia do Fe, como na anemia da inflamação (AI. Na AI, citocinas e células do sistema retículo-endotelial induzem alterações que interferem em diferentes vias da eritropoese levando à anemia. O bloqueio na mobilização do Fe de estoque pela hepcidina, embora não único, é o mecanismo etiológico mais evidente da AI. A hepcidina, regulador negativo da entrada de Fe no plasma, atua ligando-se à ferroportina, induzindo sua internalização e degradação. Embora a diferenciação entre AF e AI seja relativamente tranquila, pacientes com AI podem cursar com deficiência de Fe associada. O diagnóstico diferencial entre AI e AI com deficiência de Fe tem evidente importância clínica, e novas técnicas laboratoriais têm sido sugeridas para auxiliar neste diagnóstico.Functional iron deficiency can be defined as an imbalance between the iron needs of the erythroid marrow and iron supply. Iron deficiency occurs in the absence of iron deposits, as in the case of iron deficiency anemia (IDA, or when there is an impaired iron mobilization, such as in anemia of inflammation (AI. Cytokines and cells of the reticuloendothelial system can induce changes in several pathways, interfering in erythropoiesis and causing anemia. The retention of iron within cells of the reticuloendothelial system is due to hepcidin. Although this is not the only mechanism evolved in AI, it is the most important. Hepcidin is a negative regulator of iron entry into the plasma. Hepcidin binds to ferroportin, inducing its internalization and degradation. Differentiation between IDA and AI is relatively easy, but patients with AI can have the association of true iron deficiency. The differential

  1. Manejo, prevención y control del síndrome anémico secundario a deficiencia férrica Management, prevention and control of anaemia secondary to iron deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. de Paz

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available La anemia ferropénica representa la anemia carencial más frecuente en nuestro medio, la primera causa de consulta hematológica y el tipo de alteración nutricional más común. Se caracteriza por la disminución o ausencia de los depósitos de hierro. La prueba deficiencia que confirma la existencia de anemia por déficit de hierro (AF son unos niveles séricos bajos de ferritina, indicativos de una situación de depleción de hierro. Otros parámetros no permiten diferenciar la AF de la anemia trastornos crónicos. La dieta es de gran importancia en la anemia, sin embargo, ningún alimento contiene concentraciones suficientes de hierro para poder constituir un remedio práctico en los estados de carencia del mismo, por lo que el tratamiento debe realizarse por vía oral con preparados a poder ser a base de sulfato ferroso para asegurar una mejor absorción. Se recomienda una dosis inicial de 150-200 mg. de hierro elemental al día, repartido en tres tomas (3-5 mg/kg/día en niños.Anemia secondary to iron deficiency is the most frequent anaemia in our environment, the first cause of consultation in Haematology and the most common nutritional problem. It is characterized by a diminution or absence of iron deposits. The ultimate test that confirms the diagnosis of anaemia secondary to iron deficiency is a low serum level of ferritin, which indicates iron depletion. Other parameters do not allow to distinguish iron deficiency anaemia from other chronic derangements. Diet is of utmost importance in anaemia. There is not a single food product with sufficient concentration of iron capable of restoring iron deficiency situations. Therefore, treatment of iron deficiency must be made orally with iron preparates, mainly in the form of iron sulphate in order to guarantee a better absorption. The initial recommended doses are 150-200 mg of elemental iron per day split in three ingestions (in children 3-5 mg/Kg/day.

  2. Iron deficiency intravenous substitution in a Swiss academic primary care division: analysis of practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varcher, Monica; Zisimopoulou, Sofia; Braillard, Olivia; Favrat, Bernard; Junod Perron, Noëlle

    2016-01-01

    Background Iron deficiency is a common problem in primary care and is usually treated with oral iron substitution. With the recent simplification of intravenous (IV) iron administration (ferric carboxymaltose) and its approval in many countries for iron deficiency, physicians may be inclined to overutilize it as a first-line substitution. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate iron deficiency management and substitution practices in an academic primary care division 5 years after ferric carboxymaltose was approved for treatment of iron deficiency in Switzerland. Methods All patients treated for iron deficiency during March and April 2012 at the Geneva University Division of Primary Care were identified. Their medical files were analyzed for information, including initial ferritin value, reasons for the investigation of iron levels, suspected etiology, type of treatment initiated, and clinical and biological follow-up. Findings were assessed using an algorithm for iron deficiency management based on a literature review. Results Out of 1,671 patients, 93 were treated for iron deficiency. Median patients’ age was 40 years and 92.5% (n=86) were female. The average ferritin value was 17.2 μg/L (standard deviation 13.3 μg/L). The reasons for the investigation of iron levels were documented in 82% and the suspected etiology for iron deficiency was reported in 67%. Seventy percent of the patients received oral treatment, 14% IV treatment, and 16% both. The reasons for IV treatment as first- and second-line treatment were reported in 57% and 95%, respectively. Clinical and biological follow-up was planned in less than two-thirds of the cases. Conclusion There was no clear overutilization of IV iron substitution. However, several steps of the iron deficiency management were not optimally documented, suggesting shortcuts in clinical reasoning. PMID:27445502

  3. Anemia of Chronic Liver Diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pathogenetic mechanisms of anemia in patients with chronic liver disease were observed. Seventeen patients with moderate to advanced hepatic diseases were studied by various methods. Only patients without previous blood loss were included : 14 had cirrhosis, 2 had active chronic hepatitis, and one had inferior vena cava obstruction with associated liver cirrhosis. The followings were the results: 1. The anemia based on red blood cell count, Hb., and Ht. was found in 76.5-78.6% of the patients. 2. Red cell indices indicated that normo-macrocytic and normochromic anemia was present is the majority of the patients. 3. No evidence of megaloblastic anemia was found on the basis of the morphological examinations. 4. Serum iron, TIBC, % saturation and iron content in the bone marrow indicated that iron deficiency anemia was present in about half of the patients. 5. In the view of the erythrocyte dynamics, primary increase in the red cell destruction was ascribed to the cause of the anemia. 6. Decrease in the red cell survival time was not correlated with MCV, % saturation and S.L. ratio. Also, hemoglobin level was not correlated with MCV, % saturation and T50 Cr. Therefore, multiple causes may be involved in the pathogenesis of the anemia. 7. Anemia as determined by the red cell volume was found in only 60% of the patients. It may be possible that hemodilutional anemia is present.

  4. Diagnóstico de deficiência de ferro na infância Iron-deficiency diagnosis in infancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Cornbluth Szarfarc

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de enfatizar a importância da escolha adequada de um parâmetro foi analisado o diagnóstico de deficiência de ferro de 855 crianças, com 60 meses e menos de idade, utilizando o padrão proposto pela OMS (11,0 g/dl e outros. A inclusão de maior número de "falsos-positivos", resultante de parâmetros de maior sensibilidade do que o da OMS, é compensada pela garantia de tratamento à maior parte das crianças ferro-deficientes. Ao mesmo tempo que tal ampliação de programa é importante em sociedades de países em desenvolvimento, onde a prevalência de anemia é elevada, esta extensão é factível de ser executada dado o baixo custo do suplemento de ferro.A comparison of diagnoses of iron-deficiency, using the index proposed by WHO (11.0 g/dl and other parameters of great sensitivity, in a population of children of 60 months or less, was made. The inclusion of a great proportion of "positives" through the use of these standards is compensated for by the guarantee of adequate treatment for the majority of iron-deficient children. This is an important attitude in developing societes with high prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia and is also practical because of the low cost of iron supplement.

  5. Milk versus medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia in hospitalised infants

    OpenAIRE

    Wall, C.; Grant, C.; Taua, N; C. Wilson; Thompson, J.

    2005-01-01

    Aims: To compare iron fortified follow-on milk (iron follow-on), iron fortified partially modified cows' milk (iron milk), and iron medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in hospitalised infants.

  6. Ferrous versus Ferric Oral Iron Formulations for the Treatment of Iron Deficiency: A Clinical Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Palacios Santiago

    2012-01-01

    Iron deficiency anaemia represents a major public health problem, particularly in infants, young children, pregnant women, and females with heavy menses. Oral iron supplementation is a cheap, safe, and effective means of increasing haemoglobin levels and restoring iron stores to prevent and correct iron deficiency. Many preparations are available, varying widely in dosage, formulation (quick or prolonged release), and chemical state (ferrous or ferric form). The debate over the advantages of ...

  7. Intravenous iron therapy in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and iron deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiter, Gerrina; Manders, Emmy; Happé, Chris M.; Schalij, Ingrid; Groepenhoff, Herman; Howard, Luke S.; Wilkins, Martin R.; Bogaard, Harm J.; Westerhof, Nico; van der Laarse, Willem J.; de Man, Frances S.; Vonk-Noordegraaf, Anton

    2015-01-01

    In patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH), iron deficiency is common and has been associated with reduced exercise capacity and worse survival. Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of intravenous iron administration. In this study, we investigated the use of intravenous iron therapy in iron-deficient iPAH patients in terms of safety and effects on exercise capacity, and we studied whether altered exercise capacity resulted from changes in right ventricular (...

  8. Consequences of iron deficiency on fruit quality in citrus and stawberry

    OpenAIRE

    Pestana, M.; de Varennes, Amarilis; Miguel, Maria Graça; Correia, P. J.

    2010-01-01

    Iron deficiency (iron chlorosis) is an important nutritional disorder in several plants, including fruit trees and strawberry. Iron chlorosis does not result from a small level of iron in soils but rather from impaired acquisition and use of this metal by plants. Calcium carbonate, present in great amounts in calcareous soils, and the resulting large levels of bicarbonate ions, are the main causes of iron deficiency. Countries in southern Europe, such as Portugal, Spain, Italy and...

  9. High Prevalence of Iron Deficiency among Educated Hospital Employees in Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Schuepbach, R A; Bestmann, L; Bechir, M; Fehr, J; Bachli, E B

    2011-01-01

    Iron deficiency is known to cause symptoms such as fatigue, depression and restless legs syndrome resulting in impaired quality of life and working capacity. We sought to examine the iron status of reportedly healthy individuals by a framed study design in 58 highly educated Swiss hospital employees and to compare the use of non invasive tests for assessing iron deficiency (ID). A structured interview was used to assess health status, nutritional intake and potential blood loss, blood counts ...

  10. Hepcidin in obese children as a potential mediator of the association between obesity and iron deficiency.

    OpenAIRE

    Giudice, E. Del; Santoro, N.; Amato, A.; Brienza, C.; Calabro, P.; Wiegerinck, E.T.G.; Cirillo, G.; Tartaglione, N.; Grandone, A.; Swinkels, D. W.; Perrone, L.

    2009-01-01

    CONTEXT: Obesity and iron deficiency are two of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide. Several studies found higher rates of iron deficiency in obese than in normal-weight children. Hepcidin represents the main inhibitor of intestinal iron absorption, and its expression is increased in adipose tissue of obese patients. Leptin is able, in vitro, to raise hepcidin expression. OBJECTIVES: Aims of this work were 1) to assess the association between poor iron status and obesity, 2) to in...

  11. Iron therapy for the treatment of iron deficiency in chronic heart failure: intravenous or oral?

    OpenAIRE

    McDonagh, Theresa; Macdougall, Iain C.

    2015-01-01

    This article considers the use and modality of iron therapy to treat iron deficiency in patients with heart failure, an aspect of care which has received relatively little attention compared with the wider topic of anaemia management. Iron deficiency affects up to 50% of heart failure patients, and is associated with poor quality of life, impaired exercise tolerance, and mortality independent of haematopoietic effects in this patient population. The European Society of Cardiology Guidelines f...

  12. Nutritional iron deficiency in women of child bearing age - what to do

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Iron deficiency is the most common aetiology of anaemia worldwide and has several risk factors. Although iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) can occur at any age, women from reproductive age group are particularly vulnerable to develop IDA due to increased nutritional demand during pregnancy. Objective was to determine the frequency and nutritional risk factor of iron deficiency anaemia in women of child bearing age. This descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted from October 2005 to March 2006 at the Department of Medicine, Ward-5, and out-patients department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. Method: Two hundred non-pregnant females of child bearing age were included in the study; 100 with no previous pregnancy and remaining 100 with at least one prior history of pregnancy. All the relevant information, i.e., demographic and socioeconomic was collected through a questionnaire. Results: Two hundred patients with signs and symptoms of anaemia were recruited. Out of them 89 patients were found to be having iron deficiency anaemia in various age groups. Results also showed that dietary habit of patients was one of the causative factors leading to iron deficiency anaemia. Conclusion: To overcome iron deficiency anaemia a thorough and comprehensive strategy is required, i.e., educating the subjects to consume food rich in iron, community based program, monitoring severely anaemic cases and their treatment. (author)

  13. From the proteomic point of view: Integration of adaptive changes to iron deficiency in plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Jörg Mai

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge about the proteomic adaptations to iron deficiency in plants may contribute to find possible new research targets in order to generate crop plants that are more tolerant to iron deficiency, to increase the iron content or to enhance the bioavailability of iron in food plants. We provide this update on adaptations to iron deficiency from the proteomic standpoint. We have mined the data and compared ten studies on iron deficiency-related proteomic changes in six different Strategy I plant species. We summarize these results and point out common iron deficiency-induced alterations of important biochemical pathways based on the data provided by these publications, deliver explanations on the possible benefits that arise from these adaptations in iron-deficient plants and present a concluding model of these adaptations. Furthermore, we demonstrate the close interdependence of proteins which were found regulated across multiple studies, and we pinpoint proteins with yet unknown function, which may play important roles in iron homeostasis.

  14. A rare cause of anemia due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Cameron lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet Özaydın

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Asymptomatic large hiatal hernias may lead to iron deficiency anemia due to occult and massive bleeding from linear gastric erosions or ulcers on the mucosal folds at the level of the diaphragm called the Cameron lesions. The diagnosis is usually made during upper gastrointestinal system endoscopies. Current therapy includes the medication with proton pump inhibitors in combination with oral iron supplements and in some cases surgical reconstruction of hiatal hernia with fundoplication. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman who was admitted to the outpatient clinic with the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia without signs of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. She was treated with medication and her follow-up gastroscopy showed a total cure. She is asymptomatic for two years after treatment with proton pump inhibitors and iron supplements. Cameron lesions should be kept in mind as an unusual cause of iron deficiency anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding. 

  15. Using Soluble Transferrin Receptor and Taking Inflammation into Account When Defining Serum Ferritin Cutoffs Improved the Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in a Group of Canadian Preschool Inuit Children from Nunavik

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgeon O'Brien, Huguette; Blanchet, Rosanne; Gagné, Doris; Vézina, Carole

    2016-01-01

    The prevalence of iron depletion, iron deficient erythropoiesis (IDE), and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was assessed in preschool Inuit children using soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and traditional indicators of iron status while disregarding or taking inflammation into account when defining SF cutoffs. Iron depletion was defined as follows: (1) SF 5 mg/L, respectively. IDE corresponded to iron depletion combined with total iron binding capacity > 72 μmol/L and/or transferrin saturation < 16%. Iron depletion and IDE affected almost half of the children when accounting for inflammation, compared to one-third when the SF cutoff was defined regardless of CRP level (P < 0.0001). The prevalence of IDE adjusted for inflammation (45.1%) was very similar to the prevalence observed when sTfR was used as a sole marker of IDE (47.4%). The prevalence of anemia was 15%. The prevalence of IDA (IDE + hemoglobin < 110 g/L) was higher when accounting for than when disregarding inflammation (8.0% versus 6.2%, P = 0.083). Using sTfR and different SF cutoffs for children with versus without inflammation improved the diagnosis of iron depletion and IDE. Our results confirm that Inuit children are at particularly high risk for iron deficiency. PMID:27382488

  16. Cameron lesion: An unusual cause of anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Jovanović Ivan; Alempijević Tamara; Popović Dragan; Kovačević Nada; Krstić Miodrag

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Cameron lesions are linear gastric ulcers or erosions positioned on the crests of mucosal folds at the diaphragmatic impression, in patients with large hiatal hernia, and can cause iron deficiency anaemia. Case report. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman who was referred to our institution for further investigation after she was examined in gastroenterology emergency room (GER) for signs and symptoms of severe hypochromic microcytic anemia without signs of acute gastr...

  17. Iron deficiency intravenous substitution in a Swiss academic primary care division: analysis of practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varcher M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Monica Varcher,1 Sofia Zisimopoulou,1 Olivia Braillard,1 Bernard Favrat,2 Noëlle Junod Perron1 1Department of Community, Primary and Emergency Care, Division of Primary Care, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, 2Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland Background: Iron deficiency is a common problem in primary care and is usually treated with oral iron substitution. With the recent simplification of intravenous (IV iron administration (ferric carboxymaltose and its approval in many countries for iron deficiency, physicians may be inclined to overutilize it as a first-line substitution.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate iron deficiency management and substitution practices in an academic primary care division 5 years after ferric carboxymaltose was approved for treatment of iron deficiency in Switzerland.Methods: All patients treated for iron deficiency during March and April 2012 at the Geneva University Division of Primary Care were identified. Their medical files were analyzed for information, including initial ferritin value, reasons for the investigation of iron levels, suspected etiology, type of treatment initiated, and clinical and biological follow-up. Findings were assessed using an algorithm for iron deficiency management based on a literature review.Results: Out of 1,671 patients, 93 were treated for iron deficiency. Median patients’ age was 40 years and 92.5% (n=86 were female. The average ferritin value was 17.2 μg/L (standard deviation 13.3 μg/L. The reasons for the investigation of iron levels were documented in 82% and the suspected etiology for iron deficiency was reported in 67%. Seventy percent of the patients received oral treatment, 14% IV treatment, and 16% both. The reasons for IV treatment as first- and second-line treatment were reported in 57% and 95%, respectively. Clinical and biological follow-up was planned in less than two-thirds of the

  18. Iron deficiency, but not anemia, upregulates iron absorption in breast-fed Peruvian infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iron absorption in adults is regulated by homeostatic mechanisms that decrease absorption when iron status is high. There are few data, however, regarding the existence of a similar homeostatic regulation in infants. We studied 2 groups of human milk-fed infants using (57)Fe (given as ferrous sulfat...

  19. An audit of iron therapy in patients with iron deficiency anemia in a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anusha Natarajan

    2015-12-01

    Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that majority of the patients with IDA did not receive the recommended WHO treatment. The present study shows that even though the treatment of a common nutritional disorder-IDA is simple and effective, the prevalence of the same is high, and the majority of the patients are being undertreated. Patients should also be educated about the implications of the disorder and the importance of its treatment. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2015; 4(6.000: 1198-1200

  20. Solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with iron to overcome barriers for treatment of iron deficiency anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Hosny KM; Banjar ZM; Hariri AH; Hassan AH

    2015-01-01

    Khaled Mohamed Hosny,1,2 Zainy Mohammed Banjar,3 Amani H Hariri,4 Ali Habiballah Hassan5 1Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt; 3Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 4Consultant Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hera Genaral Hospital,...