WorldWideScience

Sample records for anecdotes

  1. Anecdotal therapies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millikan, L E

    1999-01-01

    Traditionally, many advances in medicine have been serendipitous. Are serendipitous and anecdotal synonymous? Many of our materia medica today relate to initial probes and anecdotal reports that matured to full investigation and therapeutic indications. The recent situation regarding Skin Cap is one that highlights the downside of this scenario. Several drugs in the US continue usage largely related to anecdotal indications, and anecdotal extension of legend indications is a standard for American Dermatology. The situation with systemic drugs, such as Trental, zinc preparations, imidazoles for extended indications, lysine and melatonin, all will be discussed. Topical preparations such as skin cap, cantharone, Vioform, all also are included in this category. It is important to place this topic in perspective in regards to geographic variation and therapeutic need. Many diseases lacking specific therapy are important targets for anecdotal therapy, and this will foster continued approaches in this area. The growing standardization of medicine and pharmaceutical regulation, threatens the anecdotal approach, but it provides still an important link to the future for some forms of therapy in diseases that are difficult to treat. Traditionally, the anecdote has been the first step in the therapeutic chain. Withering discovery of the benefits of the common fox glove in dropsy, was followed by many other anecdotes arriving via folk-medicine in the New World. This approach of utilizing folk medicine has now reached new heights, with very active searches by major pharmaceutical companies throughout the third world for remedies that may have potential. Couched with this is the history of anecdotal "snake-oil" remedies, that clearly had no benefit to anyone except the huckster marketing same. The excesses in this area of unproven and false therapies, led to the gradual organization of therapeutic trials and the Food and Drug Administration in the US as we know it today. The

  2. Anecdotes of the Forbidden City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUOYUANBO; ZHANGXUEYING

    2005-01-01

    Everyone who passes through Beijing's Forbidden City leaves the grounds with two words on their lips: magnificent and awe-inspiring. The seat of imperial power during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368 - 1911), some twenty-four emperors ruled the nation from within these walls. Now more commonly known as the Palace Museum, the Forbidden City lies at the center of the Chinese capital. Extending 750 meters from east to west and 960 meters from north to south, the 720,000-square-meter city is the largest palatial complex in the world. Guarding the city is a 52-meter-wide, six-meter-deep moat, and a huge wall, which runs three kilometers around the city and stands 10 meters high. Construction lasted 15 years, involving 100,000 artisans and some one million civilians. If the bricks that make up the Forbidden City could speak, they would have many an interesting story to tell. Here are just a few anecdotes.

  3. Nursing Students' Perceptions of Anecdotal Notes as Formative Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quance, Margaret Ann

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal notes are a method of providing formative feedback to nursing students following clinical experiences. The extant literature on anecdotal notes is written only from the educator perspective, focusing on rationale for and methods of production, rather than on evaluation of effectiveness. A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with a cohort of 283 third year baccalaureate nursing students to explore their perceptions of anecdotal notes as effective formative feedback. The majority of students valued verbal as well as anecdotal note feedback. They preferred to receive feedback before the next learning experience. Students found the quality of feedback varied by instructor. The anecdotal note process was found to meet identified formative feedback requirements as well as the nursing program's requirement for transparency of evaluation and due process. It is necessary to provide professional development to clinical nurse educators to assist them develop high quality formative feedback using anecdotal notes. PMID:27564701

  4. Stories, Proverbs, and Anecdotes as Scaffolds for Learning Science Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutonyi, Harriet

    2016-01-01

    Few research studies in science education have looked at how stories, proverbs, and anecdotes can be used as scaffolds for learning. Stories, proverbs, and anecdotes are cultural tools used in indigenous communities to teach children about their environment. The study draws on Bruner's work and the theory of border crossing to argue that stories,…

  5. Books Day by Day: Anniversaries, Anecdotes, and Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohanian, Susan

    Celebrating centuries of the written word--from the works of Confucius, Shakespeare, and Ben Franklin to the adventures of Nancy Drew and Harry Potter--this book offers a literary smorgasbord of milestones, anecdotes, and quotes, along with smart, fun, practical activities for exploring and enjoying a wide range of literature. More than a calendar…

  6. Sexual Harassment And Public Accounting: Anecdotal Evidence From The Profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald J. Miller

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on anecdotal evidence gathered from a recent survey of women public accounting professionals.  Stanko and Schneider (1999 conducted the first national survey on sexual harassment in the public accounting profession and Stanko et al followed up with a more recent 2009 study.  In this paper, the anecdotal evidence gathered from the Stanko et al study is reported on. Analysis of written comments is important in that many respondents spent a great deal of time providing comprehensive and concise professional comments on specific recent experiences involving sexual harassment, rather than simply checking a box. The findings of this study show sexual harassment remains a serious concern, and that sexual discrimination in the workplace is a concern as well.  Although preventive measures have been put in place, these measures may not be working as well as intended, suggesting that public accounting firms need to revisit this issue to manage risk.

  7. L’ANECDOTE OU LE CHEMIN DES ÉCOLIERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Fresnault-Deruelle

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article poursuit un double objectif : construire des relais entre narratologie générale et construction du récit en bande dessinée ; remettre en valeur une des unités minimales du récit les plus négligées par la recherche : l’anecdote. S’appuyant sur des exemples venus de la production contemporaine, dont Le Cahier bleu d’André Juillard, il développe une poétique de l’anecdote susceptible de rendre compte de la profonde polyfonctionnalité d’une figure qui produit l’intrigue selon des voies souvent marginales.

  8. Anecdotes from the history of anesthesia in dentistry.

    OpenAIRE

    Trieger, N.

    1995-01-01

    I believe that dentists have made important contributions to anesthesiology and patient care. Medical anesthesiology is now being required to provide more same-day or ambulatory care. Where it was once good sport to criticize dentists providing brief anesthesia services for their patients, it has now become appropriate for physician anesthesiologists to use shorter-acting agents, improved physiologic monitoring, reversal agents, and early discharge as part of their care of patients. Anecdotes...

  9. Doctors telling stories: the place of anecdote in GP registrar training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, T St J; Bateman, H

    2002-11-01

    Observational studies within a hospital setting confirm the widespread use of anecdotes in hospital-based medical education and hypothesize a number of reasons for this. Whilst anecdotes may be used effectively in teaching there can be dangers in their inappropriate use. There is no information on the level and nature of the use of anecdotes within medical education in the community. The authors undertook a questionnaire study that asked GP trainers about how they used anecdote in their GP registrar teaching. The results suggested that GP trainers use anecdotes frequently in their registrar teaching, recognize the use of anecdotes described in the literature and have little concern that anecdotes might mislead. The authors discuss how anecdotes may be used to help build registrars' illness scripts, and to develop ways of thinking and working congruent with the existing professional community.

  10. When Allport Met Freud: Using Anecdotes in the Teaching of Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, James C.; Bristol, Adam S.

    2001-01-01

    Proposes using anecdotes in introductory psychology courses to teach key points, principles, and people. Offers theoretical and empirical support for anecdotes as teaching tools. Believes that anecdotes, such as when Gordon Allport met Sigmund Freud, provide an enjoyable experience and enable students to better remember information. (CMK)

  11. Creative or created: using anecdotes to investigate animal cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Lucy A; Byrne, Richard W

    2007-05-01

    In non-human animals, creative behaviour occurs spontaneously only at low frequencies, so is typically missed by standardised observational methods. Experimental approaches have tended to rely overly on paradigms from child development or adult human cognition, which may be inappropriate for species that inhabit very different perceptual worlds and possess quite different motor capacities than humans. The analysis of anecdotes offers a solution to this impasse, provided certain conditions are met. To be reliable, anecdotes must be recorded immediately after observation, and only the records of scientists experienced with the species and the individuals concerned should be used. Even then, interpretation of a single record is always ambiguous, and analysis is feasible only when collation of multiple records shows that a behaviour pattern occurs repeatedly under similar circumstances. This approach has been used successfully to study a number of creative capacities of animals: the distribution, nature and neural correlates of deception across the primate order; the occurrence of teaching in animals; and the neural correlates of several aptitudes--in birds, foraging innovation, and in primates, innovation, social learning and tool-use. Drawing on these approaches, we describe the use of this method to investigate a new problem, the cognition of the African elephant, a species whose sheer size and evolutionary distance from humans renders the conventional methods of comparative psychology of little use. The aim is both to chart the creative cognitive capacities of this species, and to devise appropriate experimental methods to confirm and extend previous findings. PMID:17434411

  12. Narrative and education: investigating the school experience through narrative anecdotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania MATEOS BLANCO

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Narrative is one of the characteristic ways of constructing reality in as much as it expresses, represents and puts into order the dynamic experience of human action. Applied to research on the school experience, it helps reveal how pupils interpret certain events or situations experienced at school. We will expound in this article the main perspectives from which narrative is understood within the field of social sciences: (a As material for research, it is conceived as an experience expressed in a narrative anecdote, and primary resource for the analysis of the school context; (b As a form of thought, it is a cognitive process through which people express and assess their experience; (c As a research approach, it constitutes a way of constructing, exploring or analyzing individual and collective experiences. In short, though rarely used within the field of education, narrative in the form of anecdote is a technique that is suitable when inferring the beliefs, desires, values or attitudes that students hold regarding their school environment.

  13. Kenneth G. Wilson: Renormalized After-Dinner Anecdotes

    CERN Document Server

    Ginsparg, Paul

    2014-01-01

    This is the transcript of the after-dinner talk I gave at the close of the 16 Nov 2013 symposium "Celebrating the Science of Kenneth Geddes Wilson" [1] at Cornell University (see Fig. 1 for the poster). The video of my talk is on-line [2], and this transcript is more or less verbatim, with the slides used included as figures. I've also annotated it with a few clarifying footnotes, and provided references to the source materials where available. The talk itself pulls together anecdotes from various points in his career, discusses my own graduate student experiences with him, and finishes with some video excerpts from an interview he did in 2010.

  14. Folklore anecdote between memorata and fabulata: Field research of Serbs in Medina (Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Marija

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is based on folklore material, which was gathered during ethno linguistic field research of Serbian traditional lexicon and spiritual culture in Medina village in Hungary in 2002. Folklore material is composed of the sayings by the informer Sava Sokic and primarily can be defined as a series of comical narrations. If we look upon these narrations as a genre of oral speech and within context of ethno linguistic interview, we can notice a complex structure of this oral genre. That is, this genre functions as a memorat with typical beginnings and met textual comments. On the other hand, it respects almost all genre norms, which are characteristic for folklore anecdote. Therefore, comic narrations of Save Sokic, and that are valid also for folklore anecdote in general, can be classified as borderline genre - between memorata and fabulata.

  15. A Wise Fool’s Anecdotal Cycle in Malta: A Reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ġorġ (George Mifsud-Chircop

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The predominant anti-hero in Maltese folk narrative is Ġaħan(/'djahan/. He is the wise fool, popular with one and all in contemporary Malta. However, in the first half of the twentieth century there was a historical undercurrent which, through children’s literature, has manipulated and bowdlerised the discursive richness of Maltese folk culture to the extent of framing Ġaħan as a “light-headed” fool, at times defining his anecdotes, brimming with sagacity, slyness, guile, cheats and deceits, as “stupidities”. It is the aim of this article to show how through his research and publications the author has challenged this pseudo-scientific assertion which has been crystallised in the native language of the Maltese archipelago. Humour is not only a device to uphold interest in the tale. Above all it facilitates the comprehension of the progression of events, thus heightening effectiveness and efficiency of the narration. Although artificially indulging in anti-social behaviour, the Maltese wise fool semantically also takes the role of a social critic in his farce as well as that of an interceder for the injured and the insulted. He is a poetic vehicle to express folk wisdom, often putting the fool’s cap on himself. His tales are a kind of “ritual of rebellion” which represents an institutionalized way of expressing antagonism towards authority. His anecdotes, better known in Maltese as praspar (/p'ra:spar/, constitute the temporary subversion of a conscious, symbolic order in the interests of a pleasure-oriented subconscious. Ġaħan’s duty is to change chaos to its inverse, cosmos, social disorder to order, the indistinct to the distinct, disequilibrium to equilibrium, to create life and the symbolic universe of our life.

  16. From the first mist of liquid oxygen to nuclear ordering: Anecdotes from the history of refrigeration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurti, N.

    1982-07-01

    This is a mainly anecdotal account of some selected chapters from the 100 years history of refrigeration. Much of it is based on my own personal experiences and, consequently, it is far from being a balanced story. I begin with the first liquefaction of oxygen and try to show that the experiments of Cailletet and of Pictet were the forerunners of all future cryogenic methods, even of magnetic and nuclear cooling. The origins of magnetic cooling and its first experimental realizations are recalled next, followed by brief descriptions of some idiosyncratically chosen episodes from the first 20 years of magnetic cooling. This part of the paper ends with a purely personal assessment of the achievements of magnetic cooling and of its future. Nuclear cooling is treated in the same way but there is one difference: most of its history is not ancient but modern and I have therefore made only passing references to the latest developments, leaving it to the practitioners to tell their own story.

  17. Exploring the relationship between childhood adversity and oral health: An anecdotal approach and integrative view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkengen, Anna Luise; Lygre, Henning

    2015-08-01

    During the past two decades, increasing recognition has been given to a relationship between oral health and systemic diseases. Associated systemic conditions include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, low birth weight and preterm births, respiratory diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, obesity, osteoporosis, and, in particular among oral conditions, periodontal disease. Low-grade inflammation is a common denominator linking these disorders. Applying an anecdotal approach and an integrative view, the medical and dental histories of two women document increasing ill health subsequent to incidences of maltreatment and sexual abuse, including oral penetration, at an early age. Comprehensive oral rehabilitation was required in both cases. These cases open for medical insight with regard to their implicit patho-physiology, when integrated with current evidence from neuroscience, endocrinology, and immunology, converging in the concepts of allostasis and allostatic load. In cases such as those presented in this paper, primary care physicians (family doctors, General Practitioners) and dentists may be the first to identify an etiological pattern. This report underlines the importance of increased and enhanced multidisciplinary research cooperation among health professionals. Our hypothesis is that childhood adversity may affect all aspects of human health, including adult oral health. PMID:25978926

  18. Personal Insights and Anecdotes about the Weatherization Assistance Program Process Field Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Treitler, Inga [Anthropology Imagination, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2014-09-01

    The present report is based on the research conducted for the Process Field Study between March and September 2011. The Process Field Study documents how Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) services were delivered to clients, and the quality with which those services were delivered. The assessments were conducted by visiting 19 agencies in 19 states around the country interviewing agency managers, staff, and contractors; observing program intake along, with 43 audits, 45 measure installation and 37 final inspections; and conducting debriefing interviews with clients and weatherization staff following the observation of service delivery. In this report, we turn to detailed observations of a few field interactions. The client stories from our observations illustrate some of the ways clients and crew interact to build the success of the program, but shows there will always be unanticipated obstacles to building trust and getting the program to the public. Stories of staff and crew career paths indicate that weatherization technology and techniques are being learned and used by technicians out of the new home construction industry and that their new knowledge provides them with technical tools and methods that many hope to take back into the construction industry if and when they return. This report is organized according to the four stages of weatherization: intake, audit, installation, and inspection. It contributes to our understanding of the area where policy, environment, culture, and individual decisions influence social innovation. The anecdotes reveal the realities of implementing programs for the benefit of the greater good at minimal cost and sacrifice in times of ever restricting budgets. As the authors revisited their field notes and compiled memorable narratives to communicate the essence of the weatherization experience, they identified three key takeaways that summarize the major issues. First, in WAP as in all services there will always be

  19. Camper outcomes increase regardless of session length: Beyond anecdotal evidence of increased competence, independence and friendship skills

    OpenAIRE

    Roark, Mark F.

    2012-01-01

    Session length may not be as vital to the accomplishment of developmental outcomes as directors are anecdotally sharing. Interestingly, no empirical support exists for the conventional wisdom that longer sessions have better outcomes than shorter sessions for campers. Dimock and Hendry (1929) found that campers’ level of development in general did not significantly vary whether they were at camp one or two months. They cautioned that this finding might not appropriately represent the actual e...

  20. Correlating the Metabolic Stability of Psychedelic 5-HT2A Agonists with Anecdotal Reports of Human Oral Bioavailability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth-Petersen, Sebastian; Bundgaard, Christoffer; Hansen, Martin;

    2014-01-01

    little is known about the relationships between the structure of the ligands and their pharmacokinetic profile. In order to evaluate the potential of these compounds for in vivo applications we have determined the microsomal stability of 11 phenethylamines and 27 N-benzylated derivatives thereof using...... human liver microsomes. We found that the N-benzylated phenethylamines have much higher intrinsic clearance than the parent phenethylamines. We hypothesize that their low hepatic stability renders them orally inactive due to first pass metabolism, which is supported by anecdotal data from recreational...

  1. Anecdotal report of magneto-phosphene perception in 50 mT 20, 50 and 60 Hz magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magneto-phosphenes are described as flickering lights appearing in the visual field, due to retinal exposure to time-varying magnetic fields (MF). Human magneto-phosphene perception (MP) serves as a scientific basis for inter- national guidelines intending to limit exposure to electromagnetic fields in the extremely low frequency range. However, the flux density threshold at which MP occurs, as well as the dose and frequency responses of the phenomenon, are not clearly experimentally established. The 50-60 Hz threshold is extrapolated from data in the lower frequency range. The objective of this paper is to provide a descriptive anecdotal report of MP from 8 individuals exposed to 50 mT MF at 20, 50 and 60 Hz. They describe variations of flickering light perceptions in the visual field, matching the description by D'Arsonval (1896). This preliminary testing introduces a new experimental protocol, which will test the threshold for MP and other associated neuro-physiological responses in humans. (authors)

  2. Evidence for anecdotes: Examining use of stories in introductory biology courses with a mixed-methods approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreps, Jennifer Susan

    2005-11-01

    Instructional stories can be an effective way to teach science concepts. However, research has not examined the extent to which stories are being used, and how they are received. More research on the use of story in biology classes may lead to more conscious use of story by instructors, which may lead to a better understanding of biological concepts by students. The purpose of this study was to examine how instructors and students use stories in university introductory biology courses, and the degree to which these stories are perceived to be effective. To examine this phenomenon, a nationwide instructor survey, a university-wide student survey, and multiple case studies were used. Two case studies included observation of lectures, interviews with (36) students, and interviews with instructors (4) over two semesters of an organismal biology course. Instructor survey participants (N = 78) were gathered by posting email invitations, and student survey participants (N = 260) were volunteers from introductory biology courses at a middle-sized university. Several types of stories were observed, including personal experience stories, historical anecdotes, and "you" stories. Students reported increased affective learning when stories were told, and remembered mostly humorous stories. In the instructor survey, no significant differences emerged between genders, type of biology taught, or communicator style and instructional story frequency. However, reports of personal experience story frequency did increase significantly (p differences in story use by gender or ethnicity, although non-science majors reported that their instructors used stories significantly more frequently (p < .01) than did science majors. Simultaneous-entry multiple regression analyses indicated that there was a significant positive relationship between story use and cognitive and affective learning for all groups of students. Story use was a significant predictor of perceived learning loss for non

  3. Fire history of the Peron Peninsula, Shark Bay, Western Australia based on remote sensing, dendrochronology, and anecdotal evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beller, Benjamin J.

    Remote sensing data, dendrochronology, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and anecdotal information were used to describe the fire regime of the 180,000 ha Peron Peninsula of Western Australia. Fire scars present in 1944 aerial photos were still visible in 2009, both in imagery and on the ground. Tree-ring dates from specimens sampled within these burned areas indicated the occurrence of at least three separate fires before 1944. The oldest fire occurred ca. 1911 and burned at least 5,880 ha. Subsequent fires ca. 1922 and 1936 burned across 8,240 ha and 9,400 ha respectively. The fire dates determined from tree-ring counts were consistent with precipitation data which showed conditions particularly favorable for fire before or during the estimated year of each fire. Plant communities most often burned before 1944 were the Acacia ramulosa var. linophylla Scrub and the Acacia - Lamarchea hakefolia Thicket with, respectively, 73% and 75% of these plant community types at the study area found to have been burned at some time. Remote sensing imagery from 1944-2009 identified only 300 additional hectares burned, a 25 ha fire in 1991 in the combined Acacia ramulosa var. linophylla Scrub and A.ligulata and A. rostellifora Thicket, ten prescribed burns in 1995 totaling 274 ha in various habitats, and two late 1990's scars from prescribed burns designed to create fire buffers, one 4.6 km and the other 7.4 km long. Combined data for all years assessed showed 59,000 ha (66%) of the total study area to have been burned or reburned since ca. 1911, most prior to 1944, with a total of nearly 24,000 ha (27%) of the study area unburned for more than 110 years. Birridas, which cannot burn, accounted for the remaining 6,000 ha (7%) of the study area. These results show fire occurred more frequently 100 years ago (fires every 10-15 years) than at present (> 65 years between fires) suggesting that more frequent prescribed burning than occurs at present on the Peron Peninsula would

  4. Use of Anecdotal Occurrence Data in Species Distribution Models: An Example Based on the White-Nosed Coati (Nasua narica in the American Southwest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James N. Stuart

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Species distributions are usually inferred from occurrence records. However, these records are prone to errors in spatial precision and reliability. Although influence of spatial errors has been fairly well studied, there is little information on impacts of poor reliability. Reliability of an occurrence record can be influenced by characteristics of the species, conditions during the observation, and observer’s knowledge. Some studies have advocated use of anecdotal data, while others have advocated more stringent evidentiary standards such as only accepting records verified by physical evidence, at least for rare or elusive species. Our goal was to evaluate the influence of occurrence records with different reliability on species distribution models (SDMs of a unique mammal, the white-nosed coati (Nasua narica in the American Southwest. We compared SDMs developed using maximum entropy analysis of combined bioclimatic and biophysical variables and based on seven subsets of occurrence records that varied in reliability and spatial precision. We found that the predicted distribution of the coati based on datasets that included anecdotal occurrence records were similar to those based on datasets that only included physical evidence. Coati distribution in the American Southwest was predicted to occur in southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona and was defined primarily by evenness of climate and Madrean woodland and chaparral land-cover types. Coati distribution patterns in this region suggest a good model for understanding the biogeographic structure of range margins. We concluded that occurrence datasets that include anecdotal records can be used to infer species distributions, providing such data are used only for easily-identifiable species and based on robust modeling methods such as maximum entropy. Use of a reliability rating system is critical for using anecdotal data.

  5. 北宋历史琐闻笔记观念简论%The Concept of Notes of Historical Anecdotes in the Northern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭凌云

    2012-01-01

    历史琐闻笔记创作在北宋极为繁荣,产生了近四十部作品,而且其作者大多是北宋知名文人、学者和政治家,比如宋庠、欧阳修、司马光、苏轼等。北宋笔记观念跟前代相比,在目录学著录、虚实观念、创作观念等方面都出现了不少变化,已经逐渐摆脱了与小说故事类笔记相混的状态,注重真实性,具有独特的价值体系和内容特点,体现了北宋士大夫的审美趣味和艺术追求。在这种观念的影响下,历史琐闻笔记得以在北宋逐渐成熟、定型,并作为一种范型深刻影响了后世的笔记创作。%The creation of notes of historical anecdotes was prosperous in the Northern Song Dynasty, producing nearly 40 pieces of works, of which most authors were famous literati, scholars and statesmen like Song Xiang,Ouyang Xiu,Sima Guang and Su Shi. Compared with the previous dynasties,there appeared quite a lot of changes in the concept of notes of historical anecdotes during the Northern Song Dynasty, in connection with the making of bibliography, the concept of authenticity and fictitiousness, and the concept of writing. The creation of notes of historical anecdotes gradually freed itself from its confusion with the creation of story notes. It not only paid attention to authenticity, but also had its the unique system of values and features in content, reflecting the aesthetic taste and artistic pursuit of the scholar-bureaucrats in the Northern Song Dynasty. Influenced by such a concept,the creation of notes of historical anecdotes gradually became mature, finalized its format, and acting as a model, produced a profound influence On the creation of notes in the later periods.

  6. Les spots politiques télévisés britanniques : de l’anecdote télévisuelle à la mémoire collective British Party Political Broadcasts: From television anecdote to collective memory

    OpenAIRE

    David Haigron

    2005-01-01

    At the beginning of the 1950s the Party Election and Political Broadcasts (PEBs and PPBs) first started as a mere anecdote. They are now the parties’ major medium to address the voters directly and political communication has entered a “television era”. As a matter of fact, this evolution implies certain consequences and constitutes a new step in the chronology of Britain’s political history. The first expression of this evolution is a shift of the space of political representation towards te...

  7. Buddhism and Monks in Poetry Literature of Anecdotes in Song Dynasty%宋代轶事类诗话中的佛与僧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培锋

    2016-01-01

    宋代开始盛行的诗话是禅宗语录这一文体移植到文学领域的体现。宋代分别以《六一诗话》和《沧浪诗话》代表了两种诗话类型———可称之为“轶事类诗话”和“说理类诗话”———恰好反映体现了佛教对文艺的两种不同层面的影响。如果说前者表现的是禅门语录“随意举扬,任运不拘”的风格,那么后者则表现了“提唱纲宗,眼空今古”的另一种风格,表现了佛教富于思辨的特点。宋诗话中,哪怕只是一则小小的轶事,背后皆有很多可以深入探究的佛理存在,此种佛理又与诗意密切相关,充分体现了佛禅精神对诗话这种文体的影响。%The poetry literature, which was popular in Song Dynasty, is the reflection of transplantation from Chan recorded say-ings to the literature domain. Two major types of poetry literature, poetry literature of anecdotes and poetry of reasoning, repre-sented by “Liuyi’s Notes on Poetry” and“Notes on Poetry by Canglang” respectively, adequately show the different influences upon the literature from Buddhism. The former displays a free and spontaneous style of Chan recorded sayings, while the latter a different style of obsession with the tradition and discipline, characterized by its critical thinking. In the poetry literature in Song Dyansty, any piece of anecdote is supposed to embody a deep Buddhist truth. Moreover, the Buddhist truth is often close-ly related to the poem, which indicates an obvious influence on the poetry literature from the spirit of Zen Buddhism.

  8. Recreational and occupational field exposure to freshwater cyanobacteria – a review of anecdotal and case reports, epidemiological studies and the challenges for epidemiologic assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Webb Penelope M

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cyanobacteria are common inhabitants of freshwater lakes and reservoirs throughout the world. Under favourable conditions, certain cyanobacteria can dominate the phytoplankton within a waterbody and form nuisance blooms. Case reports and anecdotal references dating from 1949 describe a range of illnesses associated with recreational exposure to cyanobacteria: hay fever-like symptoms, pruritic skin rashes and gastro-intestinal symptoms are most frequently reported. Some papers give convincing descriptions of allergic reactions while others describe more serious acute illnesses, with symptoms such as severe headache, pneumonia, fever, myalgia, vertigo and blistering in the mouth. A coroner in the United States found that a teenage boy died as a result of accidentally ingesting a neurotoxic cyanotoxin from a golf course pond. This death is the first recorded human fatality attributed to recreational exposure to cyanobacteria, although uncertainties surround the forensic identification of the suspected cyanotoxin in this case. We systematically reviewed the literature on recreational exposure to freshwater cyanobacteria. Epidemiological data are limited, with six studies conducted since 1990. Statistically significant increases in symptoms were reported in individuals exposed to cyanobacteria compared to unexposed counterparts in two Australian cohort studies, though minor morbidity appeared to be the main finding. The four other small studies (three from the UK, one Australian did not report any significant association. However, the potential for serious injury or death remains, as freshwater cyanobacteria under bloom conditions are capable of producing potent toxins that cause specific and severe dysfunction to hepatic or central nervous systems. The exposure route for these toxins is oral, from ingestion of recreational water, and possibly by inhalation. A range of freshwater microbial agents may cause acute conditions that present with

  9. 论《隋唐嘉话》的文学因素及对后世文学的影响%On the Literary Elements in Anecdotes of Sui & Tang Dynasties and Its Influence on Later Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王增学

    2012-01-01

    Anecdotes of Sui Tang Dynasties by Liu Su in Tang Dynasty carries anecdotes of the upper class in the Sui and Tang dynasties.Many of the anecdotes,being from hearsays,belong to writing of "recording the odd" and have such features as being legendary and fictional,thereby contains certain literary elements.All these have asserted strong influence on later literature,especially on Ming Qing novels and operas,and therefore find a place in ancient literary history.%唐代刘餗的《隋唐嘉话》记载的是隋唐之际上层人物的言行轶事。由于材料均来自于传闻,为"记异"之作,因而不少片段带有传说色彩和虚构特点,具有一定的文学因素,对后世的文学创作特别是对元明清小说、戏剧创作产生较大影响,在古代小说发展史上占有一席之地。

  10. 论《世说新语》对《诗经》的引用%On Literary Allusion Quoted From the Book of Songs in the Book New Anecdotes of the Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2012-01-01

    善于"引用"是《世说新语》一种主要的修辞手法,其中对《诗经》的引用量大且效果极佳,通过对《世说新语》引用《诗经》的典故分析,可以看出,作者的用典与他的政治思想、身份地位和个人爱好有关。《世说新语》用各种方式引用《诗经》,使这部志人小说充满了诗意,增强了美感。%Quotation is one of the most important rhetoric methods in the book New Anecdotes of the Time,which quoted a lot of literary allusions from the Book of Songs.With the analysis of those allusions used in New Anecdotes of the Time,we understand that this is associated with the author's political attitude,the social status and personal hobbies.It is the allusions quoted from the Book of Songs that makes New Anecdotes of the Time full of poetical feeling and sense of beauty.

  11. 李大钊著作编注与研究的前沿成果--评李继华、冯铁金等《李大钊轶文辑注与研究》%The Frontier Achievement of Edition, Annotation and Study on Li Da-zhao's Anecdotal Literature---A book Review of Edition and Annotation and Study on Li Da-zhao's Anecdotal Literature by Li Ji-hua, Feng Tie-jin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔鲁威

    2014-01-01

    The authors of Edition and Annotation and Study on Li Dazhao's Anecdotal Literature have made focused searching for newspapers publishing Li Daozhao's anecdotes, and analyzed deeply those manuscripts without a signature or with a signature but difficult to confirm author's identity, and have verified that some works may be written by Li Dazhao. At the same time, they collect Li Dazhao's other anecdotes found by the other scholars in this book. There are several main features in this book:collecting extensively and striving to complete, combining search with textual research and structural integrity, treating innovation as equal as question.%李继华、冯铁金等编注的《李大钊轶文辑注与研究》一书,对曾经发表过李大钊文章的报刊进行了重点搜索,对那些没有署名,或虽有署名却难以确定作者的文稿进行深入辨析,考证出部分文章应该为李大钊所作;同时收录其他学者发现的李大钊轶文,一并汇集于《辑注与研究》之中。该书的主要特点有:广泛搜集,力求完备;搜考结合,结构完整;创新与存疑并重。

  12. An Elegy, A Bitter Story --A Reading of Dai Wenbao' s "Anecdotes of She Shui"%一曲正气歌 一把辛酸泪——读戴文葆《射水纪闻》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光裕

    2012-01-01

    《射水纪闻》是戴文葆在"文革"中退处故乡阜宁时所写的方志作品,全书用文言写成。书中虽只字未提"文革",但掩卷深思,乃能让人感受到此书是一个惨遭"文革"摧残的学者心中流淌的伤心曲,更是冒着生命危险谱写的正气歌。作者是借方志之内容,浇胸中之块垒;《射水纪闻》是方志著作,更是砺志之作,悲愤之作。通过《射水纪闻》,我们不仅可以感知一个编辑大家的学识和良知,还可认知一个真正知识分子在大难当头时的心路历程以及是如何有所担当的。%"Anecdotes of She Shui" is a chronicle of Funing written by Dai Wenbao in classical Chinese style when he retired in his hometown during the Cultural Revolution period. Although " Cultural Revolution" is never mentioned in the book, the reader still could feel that the author had been subjected to the brutality of the "Cultural Revolution" and it is very courageous for the author to risk his life in writing this Elegy. The book, in the disguise of a chronicle, serves to air the author' s grievances, indignation and ambitions; and sheds light on the mentality and tenacity of a true intellectual faced with apocalyptic disasters.

  13. Review on Wu Zetian's Anecdotes: from historical reality to film and television reality%《武则天秘史》影评:从历史真实到影视真实

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祖群

    2012-01-01

    2011年年底电视剧《武则天秘史》走红之后,武则天及唐代宫廷历史为人们所高度关注。作为一种大众娱乐现象,这非常值得研究。唐代的大气磅礴在武则天时期表现得特别明显。对武则天的女性认识与形象进行分析,发现人们对武则天的女性认识有一个明显的演变过程,这是历史学界和影视学界"性别书写"的例证。女性意识在初唐的初步松动,到武则天称帝时期妇女开放观念达到高潮,武则天玩弄各种权术达到中国封建社会女权时代的巅峰。通过三部影视作品三个不同的武则天和太子形象分析,从历史真实到影视真实,作为武则天的"她"把女人的妩媚与刚强娇柔浑然一体地结合在一起,造就帝王风范和媚女风流。%Since the TV series of Wu Zetian's Anecdotes had its moments at the end of 2011, Wu Zetian and the royal history of the Tang dynasty have been paid particular attention. As a phenomenon of mass entertainment, it is worthy of studying. The power and prosperity of the Tang dynasty was especially obvious during Wu Zetian' s rule. Through analyzing Wu' s image and character, we find a clear evolution process for people to understand her, which is the example of "gender writing', in the circle of history and film and television. Female consciousness was awoken in the early Tang. When Wu Zetian proclaimed herself empress, it reached its climax. The power tactics which was practiced by Wu Zetian reached to the peak of feminist era of China feudal society. Through analyzing three works of film and television, and three different images of Wu Zetian and prince from the historical truth to film and television reality, we comes to the conclusion that Wu Zetian which was regarded as the women's charm and strength, combined consistently to bring up the imperial style and seductive female.

  14. TWO EXPERIENCES IN SPANISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE TEACHING. CENTRES, STUDENTS AND ANECDOTES / DOS EXPERIENCIAS DIDÁCTICAS EN ENSEÑANZA DEL ESPAÑOL COMO SEGUNDA LENGUA. CENTROS, ALUMNOS Y ANÉCDOTAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Fernández Martín

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to contribute to the improvement of educational effectiveness in teaching Spanish as a second language, by analyzing a classroom experience made in the 2011-2012 academic year. In that classroom experience we follow a course in Spanish phonetics and spelling for Morroccan immigrants, which was designed five years ago for a different centre. For that, after introduction we have divided the text into two parts. In the first one, we expose the contextual factors of each case, considering as essential pillars the characteristics of each centre as well as the human factors of the students. In the second part, we show, firstly, the way we have applicated the contents and the objectives in the second one of the centres and, secondly, we offer some didactic anecdotes taken from daily classroom experience. The conclusions suggest that the course, in general, can be useful for every pupil, regardless of their mother tongue, provided they have been literate and are used to a certain learning style. RESUMEN El objetivo de este texto es contribuir, mediante el análisis de una experiencia de aula realizada en el curso 2011-2012, a la mejora de la eficacia educativa en la enseñanza del Español como segunda lengua. Concretamente, en dicha experiencia de aula se sigue un curso de fonética y ortografía españolas para inmigrantes marroquíes diseñado hace cinco años para un centro distinto a aquél en el que se ha impartido en el presente año académico. Para ello, tras la introducción dividimos el texto en dos claras partes. Por un lado, exponemos los factores contextuales de ambos casos, tomando como pilares esenciales las características de cada centro, de una parte, y las de sendos alumnos, de otra. Por otro lado, mostramos la aplicación didáctica correspondiente en cada uno de los centros, atendiendo tanto a los objetivos y los contenidos del curso diseñado como a algunas anécdotas de aula. Las conclusiones apuntan a

  15. Of Science and Scientists an Anthology of Anecdotes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothare, A. N.

    Although a lot is available in the form of biographies and writings of scientists, very little information is found on what made them not only great discoverers but humane too, blessed with humour, humility and humanism. This book helps to convey this very aspect of scientists who while being involved in their unique adventure are like us, the lesser mortals.

  16. Three Anecdotes from the DARPA Autonomous Land Vehicle Project

    OpenAIRE

    Shapiro, Daniel G.; Institute for the Study of Learning and Expertise

    2008-01-01

    The DARPA Autonomous Land Vehicle was a 12’ tall, 8-wheeled robot with multiple sensors, tasked to go from point A to point B without human intervention in the hills outside of Denver in c. 1985. This was a large applied research effort that presented many opportunities for unusual experiences.

  17. 革命-路线-范式——从人体教学相关的三个事件探讨美术教育“西化”模式的演进%Revolution Route--Mode A Study of Westernization Mode in Fine Arts Education through Three Anecdotes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武小川

    2012-01-01

    人体艺术作为近代中国现代美术从西方引进的艺术形态,通过美术院校的教育传播开去,人体课在中国教学中的演进,对应着中国绘画现代化的曲折进程。从20世纪美术教育的一桩官司、二次批示、一场展览等三场与人体教学有关的事件切入,可以揭示人体教学发展的基本轨迹模式:革命一路线一范式,同时,这种“西化”模式也对应着美术演进的内在轨迹,文章还展望以人体教学为代表的美术教育,能走出“器用”型的单向之维。%Body art, as an art form, is introduced from the western world into modem Chinese art and spread through the education of academies of fine arts. The development of body art class in Chinese teaehing corresponds to the tortuous course in the modernization of Chinese painting. This paper reveals the basic mode of the development of human body teaching through three anecdotes a case, a com- ment and an exhibit, i.e. revolution route - mode. This mode also conforms to the internal de- velopment of Fine arts. This paper also looks ahead the fine arts education represented by human body teaching, booing that it can walk out of its single way of practicality.

  18. Homosexuality and scientific evidence: On suspect anecdotes, antiquated data, and broad generalizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinney, Robert L

    2015-11-01

    The American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association have suggested for many years now that there is significant empirical evidence supporting the claim that homosexuality is a normal variant of human sexual orientation as opposed to a mental disorder. This paper summarizes and analyzes that purported scientific evidence and explains that much (if not all) of the evidence is irrelevant and does not support the homosexuality-is-not-a-mental-disorder claim. As a result of their deficiencies and arbitrariness, the credibility those two groups that are typically deemed authoritative and trustworthy is called into question. Lay summary: At one time, homosexuality was considered to be mentally disordered. Since the 1970s, however, major medical associations in the U.S. have labeled homosexuality as a normal counterpart of heterosexuality. Those medical associations have proposed that their homosexuality-is-normal claim is based on "scientific evidence." This article critically reviews that "scientific evidence" and finds that much of their literature does not support the claim that homosexuality is normal. This article suggests that instead of supporting their claim with scientific evidence, those major medical associations arbitrarily label homosexuality as normal.

  19. The selection of contemporary restorative materials: anecdote vs. evidence-based?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Terry E

    2006-02-01

    The contemporary practitioner is faced with a bewildering number of options from which to choose when selecting restorative materials. There are not only many different types of materials available, but also numerous options for any given group of materials. For example, many manufacturers offer their customers three or even four different dentin bonding agents. The sheer number of available products is in itself overwhelming. When coupled with aggressive marketing strategies, misinformation supplied by paid clinicians at many seminars and lectures, and infomercials disguised as scientific articles in many of the trade journals, it is little wonder that the average ethical practitioner is frustrated when attempting to make rational choices. Clinicians use information gleaned from a variety of sources to make these difficult decisions. This article will attempt to evaluate the validity of these sources and will provide a philosophical matrix to assist the practitioner in making rational decisions relative to materials selection. PMID:16724468

  20. Masaya, the “Mouth of Hell”, Nicaragua: Volcanological interpretation of the myths, legends and anecdotes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viramonte, José G.; Incer-Barquero, Jaime

    2008-10-01

    Nicaragua's conquest started only 30years after Christopher Columbus arrived to America in 1492. At that moment the Masaya and Momotombo volcanoes were erupting simultaneously. The former was the first permanent lava lake observed by Europeans, and this produced a strong impression and interest in it. For more than a century there was great controversy over the nature of this phenomenon. Some people believed that it was the Mouth of Hell, whereas others could greedily see in the lava a source of gold or silver. This fact led to many attempts trying to prove it. In this paper, aboriginal myths about the volcano are described as well as different ideas and "supported evidence" given by the Spaniards regarding whether it was or not indeed the Mouth of Hell. Moreover, the first detailed geological descriptions are exposed as well as interesting interpretations found in the chronicles. It is also narrated the first descent into the volcano's mouth to extract samples of that "gold", a real exploit for that time. From these descriptions, a volcanological interpretation is proposed, which is a contribution to the understanding of the eruptive history and evolution of the Masaya volcanic complex, one of the largest, shallow magma chamber systems in Central America.

  1. [Alcohol and the heart : Anecdotes on the history of a checkered relationship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lüderitz, B

    2016-09-01

    The cultural and natural scientific ambivalence of the heart and alcohol has long been the subject of philosophical, artistic, intellectual and emotional discussions, not uncommonly in a romanticizing manner. The indulgence of alcoholic beverages in moderation is contrasted by the inestimable risks and dangers of alcohol abuse with many cardiovascular implications, such as cardiac arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy and arterial hypertension. The inspirational mental effects of alcohol have been emphasized in many citations from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages and even in modern times. In addition to wine and beer many alcoholic drinks, such as Champagne, sparkling wines, whisky (or whiskey), brandy (Cognac) and fruit brandies have a nearly ritual culture of traditions and customs, without which social life would be unthinkable. The interplay between enjoyment and displeasure is emphasized in the year 2016 with the 500-year jubilee of the German purity requirements for beer with countless events, including the Bavarian State Exhibition 2016. Recently, evidence of a neuroprotective effect of alcohol was reported with an improvement of intellectual capacity, which could counteract the widely occurring dementia syndrome. Millions of people could profit from this effect. PMID:27491659

  2. Opening ACompulsory Course of Modern Olympic Anecdotes in Physical Education Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛冰

    2015-01-01

    With the widely application of bilingual course in colleges or universities,sports colleges are faced with the enhancement of capability of English communication by opening bilingual compulsory course via combining the special majors.The paper explores the necessity,difficulties,and ways to strengthen students' mental education by opening bilingual compulsory course(BCC)in sports colleges.

  3. Opening ACompulsory Course of Modern Olympic Anecdotes in Physical Education Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛冰

    2015-01-01

    With the widely application of bilingual course in colleges or universities,sports colleges are faced with the enhancement of capability of English communication by opening bilingual compulsory course via combining the special majors.The paper explores the necessity,difficulties,and ways to strengthen students’ mental education by opening bilingual compulsory course(BCC)in sports colleges.

  4. Acne vulgaris, probiotics and the gut-brain-skin axis: from anecdote to translational medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowe, W; Patel, N B; Logan, A C

    2014-06-01

    Acne vulgaris has long been postulated to feature a gastrointestinal mechanism, dating back 80 years to dermatologists John H. Stokes and Donald M. Pillsbury. They hypothesised that emotional states (e.g. depression and anxiety) could alter normal intestinal microbiota, increase intestinal permeability, and contribute to systemic inflammation. They were also among the first to propose the use of probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus cultures. In recent years, aspects of this gut-brain-skin theory have been further validated via modern scientific investigations. It is evident that gut microbes and oral probiotics could be linked to the skin, and particularly acne severity, by their ability to influence systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, glycaemic control, tissue lipid content, and even mood. This intricate relationship between gut microbiota and the skin may also be influenced by diet, a current area of intense scrutiny by those who study acne. Here we provide a historical background to the gut-brain-skin theory in acne, followed by a summary of contemporary investigations and clinical implications. PMID:23886975

  5. Anecdotes, stories and tales of seven Caribbean physicians - The cardiologist´ s Hearts

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-José Vicente; Bermúdez Rafael; Díaz Israel; Vásquez Hugo; Sierra Óscar; Olivares Armando; Tinoco Eduardo; Sotomayor-Herazo Arístides

    2010-01-01

    ANÉCDOTAS, CUENTOS Y RELATOS DE SIETE MÉDICOS CARIBEÑOSLos doctores José Vicente Torres, Rafael Bermúdez, Israel Díaz, Hugo Vásquez, Óscar Sierra, Armando Olivares Prados y Eduardo Tinoco, egresados de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Cartagena en 1952, nos presentan una visión amplia de su discurrir como estudiantes de medicina y su crecimiento profesional y personal. Todos los autores de este magnífico libro, son oriundos de la provincia de la costa Caribe de Colombia. Todos vin...

  6. [Alcohol and the heart : Anecdotes on the history of a checkered relationship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lüderitz, B

    2016-09-01

    The cultural and natural scientific ambivalence of the heart and alcohol has long been the subject of philosophical, artistic, intellectual and emotional discussions, not uncommonly in a romanticizing manner. The indulgence of alcoholic beverages in moderation is contrasted by the inestimable risks and dangers of alcohol abuse with many cardiovascular implications, such as cardiac arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy and arterial hypertension. The inspirational mental effects of alcohol have been emphasized in many citations from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages and even in modern times. In addition to wine and beer many alcoholic drinks, such as Champagne, sparkling wines, whisky (or whiskey), brandy (Cognac) and fruit brandies have a nearly ritual culture of traditions and customs, without which social life would be unthinkable. The interplay between enjoyment and displeasure is emphasized in the year 2016 with the 500-year jubilee of the German purity requirements for beer with countless events, including the Bavarian State Exhibition 2016. Recently, evidence of a neuroprotective effect of alcohol was reported with an improvement of intellectual capacity, which could counteract the widely occurring dementia syndrome. Millions of people could profit from this effect.

  7. Boy-lovers and their influence on boys: distorted research and anecdotal observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brongersma, E

    1990-01-01

    A wide experience with boy-lovers has convinced the author that one can often learn more about them from reading some excellent novels than from so-called scientific studies. All too often research is unreliable because (1) it assumes pedosexual activity is a positive indicator of pedophilia; (2) no distinction is drawn between pseudo-pedophiles and real pedophiles; (3) no difference is recognized between boys and girls as partners; and (4) it is highly distorted by bias. Representative samples for research cannot be drawn from members of boy-love organizations. The incidence of violence is very low in pedophile contacts with boys. The influence can be strong in lasting relationships; it can be either wholesome or unwholesome. Within a relationship, sex is usually only a secondary element, although it can be important in sexual instruction and education. The impact of the law, the hostility of parents and the problem of the partners' inequality are discussed. PMID:2086629

  8. Corporate Environmentalism: Notes on Conceptualization and Explanation with Anecdotal Evidence from the Oil Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tranoey, B.S.

    1995-12-01

    This paper originates from a project on the oil industry`s reaction to calls for environmental reform caused by concern about climate change. It discusses two sets of related questions: (1) how can corporate responses in politics and industry be measured and conceptualized, and (2) how can variance in corporate environmental behaviour be accounted for. A multidimensional typology of corporate environmental responses in the ``industrial sphere`` is presented and the role of large companies as political actors and links between corporate environmental behaviour is explored. Some attempts to explain variance in corporate environmental strategy are made in the form of two ``models``. This is done by combining fragments of various theoretical bodies, like microeconomic theory, theories of strategic marketplace interaction and organizational theory. Finally, the author illustrates his ideas by drawing on findings from research on the environmental strategies of the three oil companies BP, Shell and Statoil. 51 refs., 3 tabs.

  9. Boy-lovers and their influence on boys: distorted research and anecdotal observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brongersma, E

    1990-01-01

    A wide experience with boy-lovers has convinced the author that one can often learn more about them from reading some excellent novels than from so-called scientific studies. All too often research is unreliable because (1) it assumes pedosexual activity is a positive indicator of pedophilia; (2) no distinction is drawn between pseudo-pedophiles and real pedophiles; (3) no difference is recognized between boys and girls as partners; and (4) it is highly distorted by bias. Representative samples for research cannot be drawn from members of boy-love organizations. The incidence of violence is very low in pedophile contacts with boys. The influence can be strong in lasting relationships; it can be either wholesome or unwholesome. Within a relationship, sex is usually only a secondary element, although it can be important in sexual instruction and education. The impact of the law, the hostility of parents and the problem of the partners' inequality are discussed.

  10. Social Obstacles to Technology, Technological Change, and the Economic Growth of African Countries: Some Anecdotal Evidence from Economic History

    OpenAIRE

    Amavilah, Voxi Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. This paper comments on a number of social obstacles to the economic growth and technological change of African economies from the perspective of economic history. Economic history is full of evidence about what held African economies back for years. Some obstacles are of domestic origin such as excessive consumption and luxury masqueraded as public investment. Other obstacles were imposed from outside such as the destruction and weakening of traditional African religions and religio...

  11. Death from 1918 pandemic influenza during the First World War: a perspective from personal and anecdotal evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wever, Peter C; van Bergen, Leo

    2014-09-01

    The Meuse-Argonne offensive, a decisive battle during the First World War, is the largest frontline commitment in American military history involving 1.2 million U.S. troops. With over 26,000 deaths among American soldiers, the offensive is considered "America's deadliest battle". The Meuse-Argonne offensive coincided with the highly fatal second wave of the influenza pandemic in 1918. In Europe and in U.S. Army training camps, 1918 pandemic influenza killed around 45,000 American soldiers making it questionable which battle should be regarded "America's deadliest". The origin of the influenza pandemic has been inextricably linked with the men who occupied the military camps and trenches during the First World War. The disease had a profound impact, both for the military apparatus and for the individual soldier. It struck all the armies and might have claimed toward 100 000 fatalities among soldiers overall during the conflict while rendering millions ineffective. Yet, it remains unclear whether 1918 pandemic influenza had an impact on the course of the First World War. Still, even until this day, virological and bacteriological analysis of preserved archived remains of soldiers that succumbed to 1918 pandemic influenza has important implications for preparedness for future pandemics. These aspects are reviewed here in a context of citations, images, and documents illustrating the tragic events of 1918.

  12. Little-known truths, quirky anecdotes, seething scandals, and even some science in the history of (primarily achievement) motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Bernard

    2013-08-01

    This article presents a history of the study of motivation from approximately 1900-1975, focusing on achievement strivings and containing little-known and often surprising facts about the main contributors to this field. Four theorists are highlighted: David McClelland, Kurt Lewin, John Atkinson, and Fritz Heider, each associated with a different theoretical approach (respectively and in order of historical emergence: trait, Gestalt, expectancy/value, and attribution theory). A fifth conception, drive theory, is also represented. In addition, a number of individuals who influenced these theorists and others who followed them are discussed. The article emphasizes the interrelations between the theorists and the interaction between personal and scientific life.

  13. "Anecdotal Romance of Real Buddha"-The Eternal Formula for life%人生永恒的真诀——《禅真逸史》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王增斌

    2010-01-01

    作为之后诞生的一部重要的长篇小说,其性质归类虽多有歧异,但其核心主旨却在借南北朝后期至隋唐之际的社会背景,以虚拟化的手法,曲折反映作者对理想人生的独特见解.主角人物林时茂由儒及佛、由佛及道、再由道而儒、儒而佛道,其经历的人生四个历程,恰构成中国传统封建知识分子一个完整的生命追求历程和心灵演变史.书中对杜伏威、薛举、张善相三个历史人物的改塑,既是服务于作者这一思想理念,更与作者有意融合四大奇书为一体的创作风格密切相关.其世情描摹的生动真切,更使其书在艺术上达到一个新的高度.

  14. Polyglots in Roman Antiquity. Writing Socio-cultural History Based on Anecdotes | Poliglotai senovės Romoje: sociokultūrinės istorijos rekonstrukcija remiantis anekdotais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Laes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnio autorius, remdamasis kruopščia antikinių šaltinių analize, tiria daugiakalbystės reiškinį Antikoje. Poliglotams būdinga neįprasta kalbos vartosena, besiskirianti nuo gimtakalbių vartosenos (gebėjimas greitai analizuoti kalbą, pamėgdžioti svetimos kalbos garsus, greitai persiorientuoti nuo vienos kalbos prie kitos, itin gera atmintis traukia žmonių dėmesį. Nors šie gebėjimai gali būti išugdomi, dažnai jie laikyti unikaliais, todėl poliglotai neretai vertinami kaip keistuoliai. Liudijimų apie poliglotus yra išlikę ir antikiniuose šaltiniuose. Galima pastebėti nemažai panašumų tarp poliglotų vertinimo Antikoje ir šiais laikais, bet yra ir principinių skirtumų: palyginti mažas šio reiškinio paplitimas visuomenėje, kurioje daugiakalbystė buvo įprastas dalykas, kelia tokius klausimus, kaip antai kalbos ir jos komunikacinės funkcijos vertinimas, etnocentrizmo ir imperializmo santykis, asmenybės ir kalbos sąsajos.

  15. Polyglots in Roman Antiquity. Writing Socio-cultural History Based on Anecdotes | Poliglotai senovės Romoje: sociokultūrinės istorijos rekonstrukcija remiantis anekdotais

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Laes

    2013-01-01

    Straipsnio autorius, remdamasis kruopščia antikinių šaltinių analize, tiria daugiakalbystės reiškinį Antikoje. Poliglotams būdinga neįprasta kalbos vartosena, besiskirianti nuo gimtakalbių vartosenos (gebėjimas greitai analizuoti kalbą, pamėgdžioti svetimos kalbos garsus, greitai persiorientuoti nuo vienos kalbos prie kitos, itin gera atmintis) traukia žmonių dėmesį. Nors šie gebėjimai gali būti išugdomi, dažnai jie laikyti unikaliais, todėl poliglotai neretai vertinami kaip keistuoliai. Liud...

  16. Imperial Decree and the Anecdotes of Explaining and Publicizing Imperial Decree in the Qing Dynasty%"圣谕"及"讲圣谕"轶事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓明

    2004-01-01

    @@ 复旦大学研究历史地理的周振鹤先生淘了一部,寻其本末,写了一篇,收入他的集子之中.文中引出康熙帝于康熙九年(1670年)颁布的"圣谕"十六条:"一、敦孝悌以重人伦;二、笃宗族以昭雍睦;三、和乡党以息争论;四、种农桑以足衣食;五、尚节俭以惜财用;六、隆学校以端士习;七、黜异端以崇正学;八、讲法律以儆愚顽;九、明礼让以厚风俗;十、务本业以定民志;十一、训子弟以禁非为;十二、息诬告以全善良;十三、诫慝逃以免诛连;十四、完钱粮以省催课;十五、联保甲以弭盗贼;十六、解仇忿以重身命.

  17. Anecdotes about the Deprivation of Official Academic Title of Xia Huanzhang-a Chuxiong Scholar- in the Late Qing Dynasty%晚清时期楚雄名儒谢焕章“覆试革举”轶闻补证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱和双

    2015-01-01

    同治十三年初,在京城发生的“谢焕章覆试风波”是清代科举制度史上的重要事件。在刚刚亲政的同治皇帝的直接过问下,围绕着谢焕章应否“开复举人”的话题,礼部与多位朝廷重臣间展开了一场旷日持久的论战,这有当时的六份奏摺(原件藏台北故宫博物院)可资证明。随后,诸多的野史笔记对谢焕章的覆试卷水平及阅卷者的疏陋均有不同程度的渲染,唯独在滇省汉籍中避而不谈这件“往事”。梦断都门的谢焕章晚年执掌楚雄雁峰(龙泉)书院,邑人多强调他“以孝称”,而其精深学问终被淹没。%The incident of deprivation of official academic title of Xie Huanzhang happened in Beijing in the 13th year of the reign of Emperor Tongzhi (1874).It was an important event in the history of the im-perial examinations of the Qing Dynasty ( 1644 -1912 ) .Documents of the Palace Museum show that a long discussion followed under the pressure of the emperor between high officials regarding deprivation of the academic title of Xie and historical records, official and unofficial alike, also have their own descrip-tion of the incident and the performance of Xie in the examinations.This incident, however, was largely o-verlooked in records of Xie’ s home province–Yunnan.The frustrated Xie returned to Chuxiong and be-came head of the local Longquan Academy in his late years.The records, as a result, virtually talk about his filial duties instead of his profound academic attainment.

  18. La especularidad anecdótica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Vázquez Jiménez

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available As a literary genre, the anecdote is a reflective one: each anecdote is related to another and its author was often subject / object of an anecdote. In the eighteenth century, Voltaire, Raynal, Voisenon, or at a different level Marmontel, exemplify this.

  19. Anekdoot kui niisugune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkki Kõlu

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The lexicon of foreign words defines the anecdote as a short, interesting, often invented, but striking story of some funny encounter. Actually, this definition says practically nothing about the anecdote and is wrong and incomplete, too. Anecdote is a collective folk creation, except for maybe absurd anecdotes. Anecdotes come to be in the process of passing on stories of actual events. In telling the story to another person, people, on the one hand tend to eliminate unnecessary details that wear down the story and give no additional information, and on the other hand add to the story their version of it, make additions and modifications till the original event, the so-called birth event of the anecdote is no longer recognizable. The longer an anecdote circles from mouth to mouth, the more it gets modified. Thanks to constant retelling, anecdotes change all the time. Characters, places of action, situations, details and sometimes even the point change. Thus a popular anecdote may have several versions. An anecdote is based on either situational, character or word comics. It often happens that two, or maybe even all three kinds of comics are combined in one anecdote. The characteristic features of an anecdote are: 1. shortness, 2. accuracy, 3. the point, which can be a gradual, b delayed, c double.The anecdote is a reflection of reality, or on the one hand, an anecdote is the content of what it gives shape. On the other hand, an anecdote grown in a certain society or nation shows the attitude of the member of that society or nation towards some topic or situation.An anecdote is always behind social events, as being a result of interpersonal communication it can not be too operative. It is as if to compensate for that fact that the anecdote lives much longer than its time.As the anecdote is a reflection of reality, its topics are as varied as life itself. Probably there are more anecdotes of marriage than anything else as marriage has been for

  20. Keeping the Records Straight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clift, Phil; Keynes, Milton

    1982-01-01

    Guidelines are given regarding keeping and using educational records for exceptional children in Great Britain. Procedures related to anecdotal records, observation inventories, and rating scales are delineated. (CL)

  1. Poliitiline anekdoot. I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadi Sarv

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available A political anecdote is first all, a popular and not a scientific concept. It is a forbidden story told only to those you trusted, who thought like the speaker did. This phenomenon characterises primarily a society of repression where people have no opportunities to express their dissatisfaction in a legal way.Political subject is just as often found in conundrums as in anecdotes. For some subjects, it even seems that the conundrum expresses attitudes and opinions more colourfully and precisely than the anecdote. An old-fashioned anecdote, the longer style of delivery of which has been forgotten over time, may sometimes take on the form of a conundrum. The so-called introduction falls away and the colourful punch line of the anecdote is used in the new conundrum.Political background may occur in anecdotes about persons, ethinics or animals.Political anecdotes and conundrums can be divided into three groups:1. Anecdotes and conundrums about statesmen. Typical subjects are a visit, competition or outdoing each other;2. Anecdotes which poke fun at the socialist or communist system, but in which specific statesmen are not mentioned;3. Anecdotes about life conditions, in which situations created by the crumbling system are described. Most of the information used in this article originates from the collections of the Estonian Folklore Archive, especially from the collection of materials handed in during the children's competition of school traditions in 1992.In the first part of the series of articles, an overview of political anecdotes at the time of the Estonian Republic (1920-1939.

  2. School Uniforms: A Critical Review of the Literature. From Inquiry to Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsma, David L.

    The debate surrounding the effectiveness of school-uniform policies, as well as discussions concerning when and how to implement them, is rooted in anecdote. This review summarizes anecdotal literature on which the current debate is based and critically reviews the empirical literature, including theoretical underpinnings, findings, and…

  3. Misrepresenting Chinese Folk Happiness: A Critique of a Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po-Keung

    2013-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. A recent study on Chinese folk happiness using qualitative method seems to provide some empirical findings beyond anecdotal evidence on Chinese folk happiness. This paper critically examines the study's constructed image of Chinese folk happiness,…

  4. Implicit Sound Symbolism in Lexical Access: Evidence from an Interference Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westbury, C.

    2005-01-01

    Kohler (1929) reported anecdotally that, when asked to choose, subjects were much more likely to attach the name 'takete' to a spiky abstract object, and the name 'baluma' (or, by 1947, 'maluma') to a curvy abstract object. Follow-up work has suffered from the same three weaknesses as Kohler's original anecdotal study: a reliance on small number…

  5. If You Build It, They Will Come: From a "Field of Dreams" to a More Realistic View of Extensive Reading in an EFL Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Setsuko

    2015-01-01

    There is no shortage of studies that have reported the beneficial effects of extensive reading (ER) on various aspects of second/foreign language acquisition, including reading comprehension, reading speed, and vocabulary development. Anecdote after anecdote shows the effectiveness of ER, and no one seems to repudiate the power of reading in large…

  6. [Blood donation in the media between 1950 and 1980].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefrère, J-J; Garraud, O

    2016-02-01

    Anecdotes, such as found in the media and chiefly the humor journals and magazines aim at bringing revisited insights on society subjects, which can even be the most serious. Anecdotes reported here on blood transfusion and the transfusion environment, that were retrieved from French news released in the media press between the 1950s to 1980s give a view on what has been achieved since then, but also on what is at a standstill by some incapability in moving forward or in changing minds. Those anecdotes would be used to stimulate or refresh debates in transfusion related-ethics. PMID:26774418

  7. People

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Featuring relationships, personalities, interactions, environments and reputations involved in physics and education TEACHING ANECDOTES (66) Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac OPINIONS (67) Recommended reading of science fiction Ken Zetie STARTING OUT (70) What Katie did next: part 2 Katie Pennicott

  8. More consistent, yet less sensitive : Interval timing in autism spectrum disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Falter, Christine M.; Noreika, Valdas; Wearden, John H.; Bailey, Anthony J.

    2012-01-01

    Even though phenomenological observations and anecdotal reports suggest atypical time processing in individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), very few psychophysical studies have investigated interval timing, and the obtained results are contradictory. The present study aimed to clarify wh

  9. Tallahatchie NWR and Black Bayou Unit (Coldwater River NWR) Bird Observations 1996

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Tallahatchie NWR, the Black Bayou Unit Coldwater River NWR surrounding areas throughout 1996 were recorded by the refuge biologist...

  10. Tallahatchie NWR and Black Bayou Unit (Coldwater River NWR) Bird Observations 1998

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Tallahatchie NWR, the Black Bayou Unit Coldwater River NWR and surrounding areas throughout 1998 were recorded by the refuge...

  11. Tallahatchie NWR and Black Bayou Unit (Coldwater River NWR) Bird Observations 1997

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Tallahatchie NWR, the Black Bayou Unit Coldwater River NWR surrounding areas throughout 1997 were recorded by the refuge biologist...

  12. Tallahatchie NWR and Coldwater River NWR Bird Observations 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Tallahatchie NWR and Coldwater River NWR surrounding areas throughout 2000 were recorded by the refuge biologist and several other...

  13. North Mississippi Refuge Complex Bird Observations 1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Tallahatchie NWR, the Black Bayou Unit Coldwater River NWR and surrounding areas throughout 1999 were recorded by the refuge...

  14. Sources of project financing in health care systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D G; Wheeler, J R; Rivenson, H L; Reiter, K L

    2000-01-01

    Through discussions with chief financial officers of leading health care systems, insights are offered on preferences for project financing and development efforts. Data from these same systems provide at least anecdotal evidence in support of pecking-order theory.

  15. Preoperative dexamethasone reduces acute but not sustained pain after lumbar disk surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke V; Siegel, Hanna; Fomsgaard, Jonna S;

    2015-01-01

    Glucocorticoids have attracted increasing attention as adjuvants in the treatment of acute postoperative pain. Furthermore, anecdotal reports may support glucocorticoids for preventing sustained postoperative pain. We explored preoperative dexamethasone combined with paracetamol and ibuprofen on ...

  16. Historical Connections: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Universal Genius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, Wilbert; Reimer, Luetta

    1994-01-01

    Contains biographical facts, contributions, quotations, and anecdotes about mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Presents an activity in which students discover patterns in the sums of the reciprocals of the triangular numbers. Contains reproducible student worksheet. (MKR)

  17. Dahomey NWR, Tallahatchie NWR and Coldwater River NWR Bird Observations 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anecdotal bird observations from Dahomey NWR, Tallahatchie NWR and Coldwater River NWR surrounding areas throughout 2003 were recorded by the refuge biologist and...

  18. Everything You Always Wanted to Know About "The Chronicle of Higher Education."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connell, Christopher; Yarrington, Roger

    1983-01-01

    The origin, history, staffing, editorial policy and practices, and financial history of "The Chronicle of Higher Education" are outlined, with anecdotes about the events and individuals in the publication's history, management's outlook, and plans for service expansion. (MSE)

  19. Component Separation for Complex Abdominal Wall Reconstruction

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... surgery, that the patient's coughing, some of that stress can be relieved by the Veritas instead of ... anecdotal. Nobody has done a prospective randomized control study of any of these products that definitively gives ...

  20. Mycobacterial factors relevant for transmission of tuberculosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, L.M.; Hof, S. van den; Deutekom, H. van; Hermans, P.W.M.; Kremer, K.; Borgdorff, M.W.; Soolingen, D. van

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) transmission is associated with patient-related risk factors. However, DNA fingerprint analysis has provided anecdotal evidence suggesting a role for bacteriological factors. METHODS: To examine the importance of the bacteriological component in TB transmission, we inve

  1. Elusive Achievement Effects of Haptic Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, David; Williams, Robert L., II; Luo, Tian; Karadogan, Ernur

    2013-01-01

    Research on haptic feedback has demonstrated limited empirical evidence of its positive learning effects. This research contrasts supportive anecdotal evidence and reports of increased motivation. In an attempt to unify these contrasting results we attempted to identify empirical evidence supporting

  2. Mycosis inhibits cannibalism by Melanoplus sanguinipes, M. differentialis, Schistocerca americana, and Anabrus simplex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannibalism is common among the Acrididae and the Mormon cricket, Anabrus simplex, a tettigonid. These behaviors have been proposed as mechanisms for the horizontal transmission of Microsporida and entomopathogenic fungi. After anecdotal observations that Melanoplus sanguinipes and A. simplex did ...

  3. Putting Science FIRST: Memories of Family Science Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science and Children, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents anecdotes from prominent citizens including Bill Clinton, Alan Alda, Carl Sagan, Gerald Wheeler, JoAnne Vasquez, and Lynn Margulis in which they reminisce about interesting science experiences with their families. (JRH)

  4. Harnessing Information Technologies for More Efficient Crop Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candidate new crops are scrutinized by researchers, producers, processors, marketing specialists, and others. Increasingly, quantitative data are displacing anecdotes and personal judgments. This paper examines how more integrated management of information can assist development of new crops, with e...

  5. Giovanni Bignami per Mostra Centenario Pontecorvo

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Visual Media Office; Vincenzo Cavasinni

    2012-01-01

    Giovanni Bignami tells anecdote reported by Giuseppe occhialini on Bruno Pontecorvo's departure to the USSR. The clip will be used within the Pontecorvo exhibition organized by Pisa Univesrity on the occasion of Pontecorvo's 100th anniversary.

  6. NCCOS Fish Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, St. John, USVI, (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The fish photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  7. NCCOS Habitat Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, La Parguera, Puerto Rico, (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The habitat photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  8. NCCOS Habitat Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, St. John, USVI , (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The habitat photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  9. NCCOS USVI Fish Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, St. Croix, (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The fish photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  10. NCCOS Habitat Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, St. Croix, USVI, (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The habitat photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  11. NCCOS Fish Assessment and Monitoring Photographs, La Parguera, Puerto Rico, (2001 - Present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The fish photo database provides anecdotal and permanent visual descriptions of benthic organisms, benthic habitat composition, substrate complexity, and other...

  12. Group Endeavor in Nursery School Can Be Valuable Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartwright, Sally

    1987-01-01

    Presents anecdotes from nursery school daily records which illustrate significant learning experience through cooperative work and play. Suggests that children process and learn information by playing with that information. (NH)

  13. The White Adolescent's Drug Odyssey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipton, Douglas S.; Marel, Rozanne

    1980-01-01

    Presents a "typical" case history of a White middle-class teenager who becomes involved with marihuana and subsequently begins to abuse other drugs. Sociological findings from other research are interspersed in the anecdotal account. (GC)

  14. Beware of Products Promising Miracle Weight Loss

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... about anecdotal information from personal “testimonials” about incredible benefits or results from using a product. If you ... Federal, State & Local Officials Consumers Health Professionals Science & Research ... Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products

  15. Acute hyperhydration reduces athlete biological passport OFF-hr score

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bejder Rasmussen, Jacob; Hoffmann, M F; Ashenden, M;

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that athletes hyperhydrate to mask prohibited substances in urine and potentially counteract suspicious fluctuations in blood parameters in the athlete biological passport (ABP). It is examined if acute hyperhydration changes parameters included in the ABP. Twenty...

  16. Promoter propagation in prokaryotes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Matus-Garcia, M.; Nijveen, H.; Passel, van M.W.J.

    2012-01-01

    Transcriptional activation or 'rewiring' of silent genes is an important, yet poorly understood, phenomenon in prokaryotic genomes. Anecdotal evidence coming from experimental evolution studies in bacterial systems has shown the promptness of adaptation upon appropriate selective pressure. In many c

  17. The Ramayana and psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Jacob, K.S.; Krishna, Gopala S.

    2003-01-01

    Techniques of psychotherapy commonly used in the west may be difficult to employ in their purest form for Indian patients, especially in those who are not educated and those who are not westernized. Anecdotes from the Ramayana can be used in psychotherapy to show the similarity of the issues facing the patient with the aim of increasing insight. They are powerful examples and can be used to suggest alternate modes of coping. This article discusses anecdotes, themes and possible situations for...

  18. Poliitiline anekdoot. III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadi Sarv

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The majority of material used in this article originates from the Estonian Folklore Archives. In the third part of the article series an overview is given of political anecdotes told in the period of soviet occupation. There is given a selection of anecdotes about Lenin, Stalin, Breznev, Hrushtshov. In the article there are given several audio examples and a self-composed song of Lenin.

  19. Terror and bliss? Commonalities and distinctions between sleep paralysis, lucid dreaming, and their associations with waking life experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Denis, D.L.; Poerio, G.L

    2016-01-01

    Sleep paralysis and lucid dreaming are both dissociated experiences related to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Anecdotal evidence suggests that episodes of sleep paralysis and lucid dreaming are related but different experiences. In this study we test this claim systematically for the first time in an online survey with 1928 participants (age range: 18–82 years; 53% female). Confirming anecdotal evidence, sleep paralysis and lucid dreaming frequency were related positively and this associatio...

  20. El discurso narrativo kawésqar. Textos narrativos no míticos (primera parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar E. Aguilera F.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo examina el discurso narrativo no mítico kawésqar desde el punto de vista de la gramática del discurso, tomando en cuenta los tipos oracionales que aparecen tanto en discursos no híbridos (anecdóticos, históricos y relatos de viaje, como híbridos, siendo éstos combinaciones de discursos expositivo-narrativos, autobiográfico-anecdóticos, anecdóticos-viajes, históricos-procesos e históricos-viajes. (This paper analyzes Kawesqar non-mythical narrative discourse from the point of view of discourse grammar, taking into account the sentence types that occur in both non-hybrid (anecdotic and historical discourses, as well as travelogues, and hybrid discourses, being the latter combinations of declarative-narrative, autobiographic-anecdotic, anecdotic-travelogue, historical-process, and historical-travelogue discourses.

  1. An electronic stroll through the global village

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chew, J.

    1992-09-01

    This paper is a semi-random walk through Usenet News, a bulletin board system that exists on the vast Internet computer network. Interaction in such a medium is an interesting hybrid of speech and writing, of monologue and dialogue and sometimes an open shouting match in a crowded room. Those who are intrigued by these matters will be able to see a number of research areas exposed in this frankly anecdotal paper. In addition to being anecdotal, this paper is a work of participatory observation. In fact, I occasionally let it be known that I was observing the sociology and rhetoric of the newsgroups. The natives appeared unimpressed.

  2. Every Teacher Should Succeed with Data Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandinach, Ellen B.; Gummer, Edith S.

    2016-01-01

    Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA, 2015) moves education further along the path toward becoming the evidence-based and data-driven profession that policy makers have continually called for. They have stressed the need for hard evidence to undergird educational decisions rather than relying on anecdotes and intuitions. This means teachers must…

  3. Schooling Achievement among Rural Zimbabwean Children during a Period of Economic Turmoil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larochelle, Catherine; Alwang, Jeffrey; Taruvinga, Nelson

    2016-01-01

    Zimbabwe suffered severe economic crisis in the decade before 2009, and anecdotal evidence indicates that public education suffered due to uncertainty about salary payments and inflation. As the country recovers, it is important to understand how this crisis affected schooling participation before and during the crisis. This study focuses on the…

  4. Single-Sex Schools and Classrooms. The Informed Educator Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Suzanne

    2007-01-01

    In October 2006, the U.S. Department of Education introduced the so-called "single-sex regulations," which brought the issue of single-sex education to the forefront of discussion among educators, policymakers, and parents. Anecdotal evidence suggests that single-sex education can have a positive impact on student achievement. However, opponents…

  5. A review of hydrofluoric acid burn management

    OpenAIRE

    McKee, Daniel; Thoma, Achilleas; Bailey, Kristy; Fish, Joel

    2014-01-01

    The clinical presentation and severity of hydrofluoric acid burns vary considerably, making management particularly challenging. Given that current knowledge of HF burns is derived from small case series, case reports, animal studies and anecdotal evidence, this narrative review discusses the current understanding of the effects associated with severe hydrofluoric acid burns, describing the mechanism of injury, systemic toxicity and treatment options.

  6. Creativity: The Role of Unconscious Processes in Idea Generation and Idea Selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Simone M.; van Baaren, Rick B.; Dijksterhuis, Ap

    2012-01-01

    Today's world of continuous change thrives on creative individuals. Anecdotal reports suggest that creative performance benefits from unconscious processes. Empirical research on the role of the unconscious in creativity, though, is inconsistent and thus far has focused mainly on one aspect of the creative process--idea generation. This is the…

  7. Promoter reuse in prokaryotes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijveen, H.; Matus-Garcia, M.; Passel, van M.W.J.

    2012-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence shows promoters being reused separate from their downstream gene, thus providing a mechanism for the efficient and rapid rewiring of a gene’s transcriptional regulation. We have identified over 4000 groups of highly similar promoters using a conservative sequence similarity search

  8. Sign-supported Dutch in children with severe speech and language impairments : A multiple case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijkamp, I.; Gerritsen, B.; Bonder, F.; Haisma, H.H.; van der Schans, C.P

    2010-01-01

    In the Netherlands, many educators and care providers working at special schools for children with severe speech and language impairments (SSLI) use sign-supported Dutch (SSD) to facilitate communication. Anecdotal experiences suggest positive results, but empirical evidence is lacking. In this mult

  9. The Effects of Job Sharing on Student Performance Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garman, Dorothy

    The River Forest (Illinois) District 90 wished to examine the educational literature on the effects of job sharing by teachers on student performance. This document presents a review of the literature and summarizes and synthesizes this information. Only limited information was found on this subject. However, anecdotal reports of the impact of job…

  10. Decreasing transactional distance in a Web-based course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattillo, Robin E

    2007-01-01

    The Horizon Wimba online Web-conferencing voice system was used to facilitate dialogue and decrease transactional distance in a Web-based course. Small-group (Flashlight survey at the end of the semester. Anecdotal and survey responses indicated that discussion groups increased dialogue between faculty and students. PMID:17496503

  11. Parental somatic mosaicism is underrecognized and influences recurrence risk of genomic disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Campbell, I.M.; Yuan, B.; Robberecht, C.; Pfundt, R.P.; Szafranski, P.; McEntagart, M.E.; Nagamani, S.C.; Erez, A.; Bartnik, M.; Wisniowiecka-Kowalnik, B.; Plunkett, K.S.; Pursley, A.N.; Kang, S.H.; Bi, W.; Lalani, S.R.; Bacino, C.A.; Vast, M.; Marks, K.; Patton, M.; Olofsson, P.; Patel, A.; Veltman, J.A.; Cheung, S.W.; Shaw, C.A.; Vissers, L.E.L.M.; Vermeesch, J.R.; Lupski, J.R.; Stankiewicz, P.

    2014-01-01

    New human mutations are thought to originate in germ cells, thus making a recurrence of the same mutation in a sibling exceedingly rare. However, increasing sensitivity of genomic technologies has anecdotally revealed mosaicism for mutations in somatic tissues of apparently healthy parents. Such som

  12. Celebrity politics: the politics of late modernity?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marsh, D.; t Hart, P.; Tindall, K.

    2010-01-01

    The academic literature on celebrity politics is rarely systematic; more often it is superficial and anecdotal. In addition, most of the literature focuses either upon classifying different types/categories of celebrity politicians and their roles in politics, or upon the question of whether the gro

  13. Greek Membership: The Relationship with First-Year Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBard, Robert; Sacks, Casey

    2012-01-01

    Much has been written about the need for student involvement to build a sense of belonging on college campuses. However, when it comes to membership in Greek social organizations, such involvement has been largely cast as negative. Unlike many of the anecdotal articles critical of the influence joining a Greek social organization can have on…

  14. Outlier Ohio: A Case Study of Ohio Public Libraries and an Analysis of Their Collective Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klentzin, Jacqueline Courtney

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the collective success and "Best in the Nation" status of Ohio public libraries as indicated in by various statistical rankings, like the HAPLR and "Library Journal" Star Libraries, as well as anecdotal reports in the trade literature. The study was qualitative in nature and utilized a single-subject case…

  15. Examining the Role of Friendship in Mentoring Relationships between Graduate Students and Faculty Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beres, Jacqueline L.; Dixon, Jess C.

    2016-01-01

    Although previous studies have offered empirical and anecdotal support for academic mentoring, there are still considerable gaps in understanding the specific actions or components that are present in these relationships. Research has shown that academic faculty mentors provide all of Kram's (1988) mentoring functions to their graduate student…

  16. Confucianism in Today's Changing China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ With a deft hand and a pocketful of anecdotes,Daniel Bell has been able to breathe fresh life into an ancient and once largely-dismissed subject-and by doing so,has shown readers the possible benefits of the reintroduction of parts of Confucianism into modern Chinese society.

  17. When the Personal Becomes Professional: Stories from Reentry Adult Women Learners about Family, Work, and School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Mary Kay

    1999-01-01

    Describes an ethnographic study of a first-year writing classroom focusing on narrative's role in that particular classroom culture at a mid-size state university. Argues for narrative's constitutive and epistemic value in a writing classroom and for the autobiographical anecdote in particular as a bridge between teaching and learning. (SC)

  18. Migration Policy: When an Emergency Rule Becomes the Rule. Evidence from Italy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Dalla Pellegrina; M. Saraceno; M. Suardi

    2013-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence exists that migrants experience difficulties in complying with Italian immigration rules (i.e. permit of stay applications and renewals) because of an intricate and inconstant legal framework. As a consequence, migrants often need legal assistance in order to regularize their stat

  19. Looking at the Impact of the Flipped Classroom Model of Instruction on Undergraduate Multimedia Students at CSUN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Scholars and practitioners have reported the positive outcomes of a flipped, or inverted, approach to instruction (Baker, 2000; Lage, Platt, & Treglia, 2000; Bergmann, 2011; Wright, 2011; Pearson, 2012; Butt, 2012; Bates, 2012). While many of the reports are anecdotal, the sheer number of instructors that have reported successful…

  20. Super Searchers on Madison Avenue: Top Advertising and Marketing Professionals Share Their Online Research Strategies. Super Searchers, Volume XI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villamora, Grace Avellana

    This book presents interviews with 13 research professionals that contain favorite online search strategies and research tools, anecdotes, "how to" survival tips, and best-practice examples. The appendix lists referenced sites and sources in the following categories: (1) online resources; (2) books, annuals, newsletters, magazines, and articles;…

  1. Behavioural Assessment of Wilderness Therapy Participants: Exploring the Consistency of Observational Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lariviere, Michel; Couture, Roger; Ritchie, Stephen D.; Cote, Daniel; Oddson, Bruce; Wright, Jesse

    2012-01-01

    Wilderness therapy (WT) provides an alternative treatment modality for a number of mental health issues. It holds particular appeal for at-risk youth, a population that is often less responsive to traditional psychotherapeutic interventions. Anecdotal accounts on the effectiveness of WT often show positive outcomes. Still, some researchers have…

  2. An Evaluation of Knowledge Transfer from Microworld Programming to Conventional Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xinogalos, Stelios

    2012-01-01

    Programming microworlds are being used for introducing students to programming for many years. Although many professors and school teachers report positive results from using programming microwords, these results are usually based on anecdotal evidence rather than rigorous empirical evaluation. A question that has not been answered yet with…

  3. Sensory Over-Responsivity in Adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavassoli, Teresa; Miller, Lucy J.; Schoen, Sarah A.; Nielsen, Darci M.; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Anecdotal reports and empirical evidence suggest that sensory processing issues are a key feature of autism spectrum conditions. This study set out to investigate whether adults with autism spectrum conditions report more sensory over-responsivity than adults without autism spectrum conditions. Another goal of the study was to identify whether…

  4. The School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us about American Education: A Symbolic Crusade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsma, David L.

    2004-01-01

    This book represents the most thorough exposition on the present understanding of the impetuses, debates, legalities, and effectiveness of school uniform policies that have rapidly entered the discourse of school reform in the United States. In it, David Brunsma provides an antidote to the ungrounded, anecdotal components that define the…

  5. Contested discourses, knowledge, and socio-environmental conflict in Ecuador

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buchanan, K.S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores how multiple types of knowledge – epistemic, technical, and anecdotal – are combined and used discursively within the claim-making process of a long-running socio-environmental conflict concerning copper extraction and its threat to biodiversity conservation in Ecuador's Intag va

  6. Resits in Higher Education: Merely a Bar to Jump Over, or Do They Give a Pedagogical "Leg Up"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proud, Steven

    2015-01-01

    When students fail an examination at the end of their first year, they are offered a resit examination, which they merely need to pass to progress into the second year. These resits anecdotally provide a dual purpose of testing that students have achieved the required level of attainment to progress, and incentivising additional effort. This paper…

  7. The Impact of Sexual Abuse on Sexual Identity Formation in Gay Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    Emerging data suggests that as children, gay males have an increased risk for physical and sexual abuse. Anecdotal evidence suggests that a significant subset of children abused by clergy identify as gay as adults. However, we know very little about the impact of clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse in childhood on the development and psychosocial…

  8. Student Perceptions of Faculty Implementation of Universal Design for Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelly, Catherine L.; Davies, Patricia L.; Spooner, Craig L.

    2011-01-01

    The anecdotal benefits of implementing Universal Design for Learning (UDL) at postsecondary institutions are well documented. The literature suggests that UDL offers students with disabilities enhanced opportunities for engagement, expression, and academic performance. Responding to the call by educators for empirical evidence of UDL's beneficial…

  9. Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff: What Makes for Good Evidence of Effectiveness in the Literature in Gifted Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Carolyn M.; Moon, Tonya R.

    2007-01-01

    To provide an overview of the specific components that must be considered when making decisions about research in the field of gifted education, the authors describe and evaluate the three types of evidence--speculative or anecdotal, theoretical, and empirical--commonly offered in the literature of the field. Empirical, or evidence-based, research…

  10. Dunking behaviour in Carib grackles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morand-Ferron, J.; Lefebvre, L.; Reader, S.M.; Sol, D.; Elvin, S.

    2004-01-01

    Dunking behaviour, the dipping of food in water, has been anecdotally observed in more than 25 species of birds in the wild, but its function and ecology have not been systematically studied. In experiments conducted in the field and in captivity on Carib grackles, Quiscalus lugubris, in Barbados, w

  11. Peddling Pablo: Escobar's Cultural Renaissance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobutsky, Aldona Bialowas

    2013-01-01

    Nearly two decades after his death, Pablo Escobar has reemerged in a number of autobiographical publications that revisit the era of the Medellín cartel and its most infamous capo. Rather than providing strictly historical information, these texts adopt an anecdotal and intimate angle from the positions of Escobar's hitman, his lover, his…

  12. LSD: Still with Us after All These Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Leigh A., Ed.; Glass, William J., Ed.

    This volume offers insight for parents, counselors, and educators as to why young people in the 1990s are using LSD--its appeal, the experience, and where kids are getting it. Current studies and anecdotes are woven with recent statistics to create a clear picture of contemporary LSD use. The introduction offers some history and background on the…

  13. Identifying Students' Mathematical Skills from a Multiple-Choice Diagnostic Test Using an Iterative Technique to Minimise False Positives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, S.; Dix, A.

    2008-01-01

    There is anecdotal evidence that a significant number of students studying computing related courses at degree level have difficulty with sub-GCE mathematics. Testing of students' skills is often performed using diagnostic tests and a number of computer-based diagnostic tests exist, which work, essentially, by testing one specific diagnostic skill…

  14. The Effects of Disturbed Adolescents on Their Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Robert B.

    1983-01-01

    The author first reviews emotional hazards and conflicts of teachers of the emotionally disturbed, then describes, with frequent anecdotes, nine examples of the "interpersonal underworld of special education" such as helplessness rage, anger at teammates, and implementation despair. Suggests recognizing feelings to disengage from unproductive…

  15. Violence and Other Antisocial Behaviors in Public Schools: Can Dress Codes Help Solve the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloman, Lillian O.

    1995-01-01

    Gang violence, thefts, and costs are among the reasons schools are adopting dress codes or uniforms. Evidence of their effect on behavior is largely anecdotal; empirical research is needed. Home economics professionals can work with parents to set dress policies, get student input, incorporate the teaching of values about clothing, build student…

  16. Four limb amputations due to peripheral gangrene from inotrope use – Case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ang Chuan Han

    2015-01-01

    CONCLUSION: Microvascular spasm is a rare complication of inotrope use which may lead to extensive peripheral gangrene. Anecdotal reports of reversal agents have been discussed. Four limb amputations are a reasonable option especially if done in an elective setting after the gangrene has demarcated itself. Rehabilitation with prosthesis after 4 limb amputations can result in good functional outcome.

  17. Comparing Student Perceptions of Textbooks: Does Liking Influence Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Regan; Landrum, R. Eric

    2012-01-01

    Faculty perceptions of textbook quality, anecdotal posts to listservs, and published ratings frequently determine textbook choice. Although faculty members intend to have students use the textbooks, few published empirical studies assess student opinions. In two studies, students rated widely adopted introductory psychology textbooks on eight…

  18. The Lifetime Value of a Loyal Customer: What Can a Child Care Director Learn from Domino's Pizza and a Cadillac Dealer in Dallas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Margaret Leitch; Gimilaro, Susan

    2010-01-01

    In "The Service Profit Chain," Harvard Business School professors James Heskett, Earl Sasser, and Leonard Schlesinger (1997) offer two anecdotes--from Domino's Pizza and a Dallas Cadillac dealership--that illuminate the concept of valuing a lifetime customer. Experts estimate that the lifetime value of a loyal Domino's Pizza customer is $4,000 and…

  19. The Entry-Level Gap: Breaking in to the Profession Is Harder than Ever--If You're Fresh out of Library School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Rachel; Strock, Adrienne L.

    2005-01-01

    Data from the library job market and mounting anecdotal evidence show that there is cause for alarm. The number of full-time, professional positions in libraries is dwindling, salaries continue to be depressed, more entry-level positions are being liquidated or "deprofessionalized," and qualified job seekers are having trouble securing work.…

  20. Three Essays on Information Security Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yubao

    2011-01-01

    Information security breaches pose a significant and increasing threat to national security and economic well-being. In the Symantec Internet Security Threat Report (2003), companies surveyed experienced an average of about 30 attacks per week. Anecdotal evidence suggests that losses from cyber-attacks can run into millions of dollars. The CSI-FBI…

  1. The Literacy Line! Napa Valley Adult School: Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napa Valley Unified School District, Napa, CA.

    This report is an evaluation of an adult workplace literacy and English-as-a-Second-Language program for Napa Valley (California) vineyard workers of limited English proficiency. Many of the classes were held at the worksite. The first section of the report details the project's stated objectives and measures of accomplishment, anecdotal success…

  2. Cell Phones Transform a Science Methods Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    A science methods instructor intentionally encouraged cell phone use for class work to discover how cell phones can be used as research tools to enhance the content and engage the students. The anecdotal evidence suggested that students who used their smartphones as research tools experienced the science content and pedagogical information…

  3. Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnall, Eliezer

    2006-01-01

    The cultural diversity literature largely ignores the effects of religion, and especially Judaism, on counseling and psychotherapy. The author reviews the meager and mostly anecdotal accounts relating to Orthodox Jews in the literature of several related disciplines, including counseling, social work, psychology, and psychiatry. The objective is…

  4. Assessing Mentoring Culture: Faculty and Staff Perceptions, Gaps, and Strengths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, Lynn; Murdoch, Natasha Hubbard; Harder, Emily

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive research was to survey faculty and staff perceptions of mentorship in a postsecondary institution in order to determine gaps and strengths in the current mentorship environment. The anecdotal activities we present reflect our educational practice environment through the work of our…

  5. Concepts of Chinese Folk Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po Keung

    2011-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. Two traditional concepts of happiness popular in Chinese culture are introduced. The paper constructs a concept of Chinese folk happiness on basis of the findings of a scientific survey on the Taiwanese people regarding their concepts of…

  6. Using Insights from Email Users to Inform Organisational Email Management Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsay, Judith; Renaud, Karen

    2012-01-01

    One would expect email substantially to increase organisational productivity and efficiency. There is little empirical evidence of this since email use is such a complex tool that it would be well nigh impossible to attribute efficiency increases solely to email. There is anecdotal evidence of the positive aspects of email (Phillips, S.R. and…

  7. Do Carrots Work? Examining the Effectiveness of EPA's Compliance Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stafford, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    The role of compliance assistance in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's overall enforcement strategy has been quite variable over the past decade and a half, increasing in prominence under the Bush administration and now slated for significantly reduced funding under the Obama administration. While theoretical models and anecdotal evidence…

  8. Dialectical Inquiry: A Structured Qualitative Research Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berniker, Eli; McNabb, David E.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents Dialectical Inquiry (DI) as a structured qualitative research method for studying participant models of organizational processes. The method is applied to rich secondary anecdotal data on technology transfer, gathered by subject-matter experts in a large firm. DI assumes that the imposition of a dialectical structure will…

  9. The New Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leman, Kevin

    Based on the premise that birth order powerfully influences one's personality, one's marital partner, and one's parenting style, this book presents personal anecdotes, testimonials, and descriptions of well-known individuals or individuals seen in counseling to illustrate the impact of birth order. The book also presents practical ways to take…

  10. Considering New Paths for Success: An Examination of the Research and Methods on Urban School-University Partnerships Post-No Child Left Behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Joseph E.; Hunt, Rebecca D.; Johnson, Laura Ruth; Wickman, Scott A.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines urban school-university partnership research after No Child Left Behind. Central to the review is an analysis in the trend of research methods utilized across studies. It was found that many studies are single-case studies or anecdotal. There are few quantitative, sustained qualitative, or mixed-methods studies represented in…

  11. Financial Management of New York's Charter Schools: A Normative, Descriptive, and Prescriptive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brent, Brian O.; Finnigan, Kara S.

    2009-01-01

    Surprisingly little is known about the financial management practices of charter schools. The literature offer policymakers only anecdotal answers to the following important questions: Who manages charter school finances and what educational and previous employment experiences do they bring to their positions? What do audited financial statements…

  12. Taking Your Mind for a Walk: A Qualitative Investigation of Walking and Thinking among Nine Norwegian Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keinänen, Mia

    2016-01-01

    Walking has long been associated with thinking. Anecdotal evidence from philosophers, writers, researchers, artists, business leaders and so forth testify to the powers of walking-for-thinking. This study explores walking-for-thinking among nine academics in Norway, four university professors, two research and development professionals, two…

  13. Insulin Administration in Catholic Schools: A New Look at Legal and Medical Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggins, Mike

    2015-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence indicates that more students with type 1 diabetes are enrolling in Catholic schools across the United States. Meeting the medical needs of these students appears to be a significant challenge--legally and logistically--for many Catholic schools. District officials, school leaders, and school staff need support to understand the…

  14. Debating the Origins of Democracy: Overview of an Annotated Bibliography. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Bruce E.

    1996-01-01

    The idea that Native American confederacies practiced a form of democracy that influenced development of the U.S. Constitution has become established in general discourse. An anecdotal overview of a 550-item bibliography focuses on the idea's spread to unanticipated places, academic debates, and conservative critics' horror story of the outcomes…

  15. The Role of National Culture in Advertising’s Sensitivity to Business Cycles: An Investigation Across All Continents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Deleersnyder (Barbara); M.G. Dekimpe (Marnik); J-B.E.M. Steenkamp (Jan-Benedict); P.S.H. Leeflang (Peter)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractCutting advertising budgets has traditionally been a popular reaction by companies around the globe when faced with a slacking economy. Still, anecdotal evidence suggests the presence of considerable cross-country variability in the cyclical sensitivity of advertising expenditures. We co

  16. China's Dream of Red Chambers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Herbert

    1986-01-01

    This article describes the different world views and sense of history held by typical United States and Chinese citizens. Based on a personal relationship between the author and a family of intellectuals in China, the article includes anecdotes from the Chinese Cultural Revolution. (JDH)

  17. Using Nail Polish to Teach about Gender and Homophobia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Nelta M.

    2010-01-01

    How might teachers help students investigate the relationship between gender and homophobia? This article describes an exercise that uses fingernail polish to do just that. The authors uses anecdotal evidence to describe the exercise in which students pair with someone of the opposite gender and paint each other's fingernails. Additionally, the…

  18. Understanding and Accommodating Online Social Communities: A Common Sense Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennon, Sean M.

    2013-01-01

    Online social networks such as Facebook have changed the context and definitions of socialization. Focusing on teacher use, this article considers the size and impact of these forums and the importance many young professionals feel toward them. Themed as a common sense approach, the author uses anecdotal points and discussions with…

  19. Teaching Business Ethics in Hong Kong: Challenges and Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Dennis P.; Lam, Joanna Kit Chun; Chiu, Randy K.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a program for teaching business ethics to undergraduate business students at the Hong Kong Baptist University. Provides an anecdotal account to illustrate that in non-Western cultural contexts, figurative rather than scientific language often captures the essence of qualitative phenomena. Underscores the importance of understanding and…

  20. Emergency department crowding in The Netherlands: managers’ experiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. van der Linden (Christien); R. Reijnen (Resi); R. Derlet (Robert); N. van der Linden (Naomi); R. Lindeboom (Robert); C. Lucas (Cees); J. Richards (John)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ __Background__ In The Netherlands, the state of emergency department (ED) crowding is unknown. Anecdotal evidence suggests that current ED patients experience a longer length of stay (LOS) compared to some years ago, which is indicative of ED crowding. However, no multi

  1. WindVOiCe, a Self-Reporting Survey: Adverse Health Effects, Industrial Wind Turbines, and the Need for Vigilance Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krogh, Carmen M. E.; Gillis, Lorrie; Kouwen, Nicholas; Aramini, Jeff

    2011-01-01

    Industrial wind turbines have been operating in many parts of the globe. Anecdotal reports of perceived adverse health effects relating to industrial wind turbines have been published in the media and on the Internet. Based on these reports, indications were that some residents perceived they were experiencing adverse health effects. The purpose…

  2. Occupational Health and Industrial Wind Turbines: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rand, Robert W.; Ambrose, Stephen E.; Krogh, Carmen M. E.

    2011-01-01

    Industrial wind turbines (IWTs) are being installed at a fast pace globally. Researchers, medical practitioners, and media have reported adverse health effects resulting from living in the environs of IWTs. While there have been some anecdotal reports from technicians and other workers who work in the environs of IWTs, little is known about the…

  3. In-Class Laptop Use and Its Effects on Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fried, Carrie B.

    2008-01-01

    Recently, a debate has begun over whether in-class laptops aid or hinder learning. While some research demonstrates that laptops can be an important learning tool, anecdotal evidence suggests more and more faculty are banning laptops from their classrooms because of perceptions that they distract students and detract from learning. The current…

  4. Melatonin Decreases Daytime Challenging Behaviour in Persons with Intellectual Disability and Chronic Insomnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braam, W.; Didden, R.; Maas, A. P. H. M.; Korzilius, H.; Smits, M. G.; Curfs, L. M. G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Persons with intellectual disability (ID) and sleep problems exhibit more daytime challenging behaviours than persons with ID without sleep problems. Several anecdotal reports suggest that melatonin is not only effective in the treatment of insomnia, but also decreases daytime challenging behaviour. However, the effect of melatonin…

  5. EVALUATION OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AS AN INTERFERENCE ON COMMERCIAL BREATH-ALCOHOL ANALYZERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anecdotal reports suggest that high environmental or occupational exposures to the fuel oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) may result in breath concentrations that are sufficiently elevated to cause a false positive on commercial breath-alcohol analyzers. We evaluated th...

  6. Characteristics of Bitcoin Users: An Analysis of Google Search Data

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Matthew; Yelowitz, Aaron

    2014-01-01

    The anonymity of Bitcoin prevents analysis of its users. We collect Google Trends data to examine determinants of interest in Bitcoin. Based on anecdotal evidence regarding Bitcoin users, we construct proxies for four possible clientele: computer programming enthusiasts, speculative investors, Libertarians, and criminals. Computer programming and illegal activity search terms are positively correlated with Bitcoin interest, while Libertarian and investment terms are not.

  7. Teachers Talk: Views from Inside City Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Estelle

    Excerpts from tape recorded interviews with 14 beginning teachers in slum schools form the basis of this volume. Written to help neophyte teachers gain insights into the problems and experiences of teaching in such schools, the book presents anecdotes followed by discussion of relevant social science and cultural anthropological theory. There are…

  8. A Psychology Fulbright Year in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnoy, Robert N.

    2013-01-01

    This article shares a series of personal observations and anecdotes about central issues in college mental health in China based on my Fulbright year there. There are many cultural and structural forces that both support and constrain the growth of the mental health field in China. This article addresses these forces in terms of their impact on…

  9. The Secondary School Principalship: The Task and the Constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, O. B.

    Inspired by Franz Kafka's predatory leopard anecdote, this speech explores the plight of Canadian secondary school principals trying to meet students' educational needs within the constraints imposed by politics and finance. A cross-country survey of 60 principals disclosed some typical problems. Principals must be reponsive to public opinion…

  10. Improving Organizational Skills Through the Use of Graphic Organizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capretz, Kari; Ricker, Barbara; Sasak, Amanda

    This research provides information for improving organizational skills in writing through the use of graphic organizers. The targeted population consisted of second, third and fifth grade students in a suburban community. Evidence for the existence of this problem included anecdotal records, teacher observations, student surveys, and assessments…

  11. Reading Culturally Relevant Literature Aloud to Urban Youths with Behavioral Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verden, Claire E.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the viability of reading culturally relevant literature aloud to urban middle school youth. The findings from a research study are shared and guidelines for implementing a culturally sensitive read aloud program in your own middle school or high school classroom are discussed. Anecdotes from students involved in the study…

  12. Involving Software Engineering Students in Open Source Software Projects: Experiences from a Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowe, Sulayman K.; Stamelos, Ioannis G.

    2007-01-01

    Anecdotal and research evidences show that the Free and Open Source Software (F/OSS) development model has produced a paradigm shift in the way we develop, support, and distribute software. This shift is not only redefining the software industry but also the way we teach and learn in our software engineering (SE) courses. But for many universities…

  13. An evolutionary basis for pollination ecology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemstein, S.C.

    1987-01-01

    In the introduction and chapter 2 the incentives and way of reasoning are given for the description of an evolutionary basis of pollination ecology. Starting from the until recently rather anecdotical character of the study of pollination ecology as a whole, and in the absence of large-scale correla

  14. Student Opinions and Perceptions of Undergraduate Thermodynamics Courses in Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugursal, V. Ismet; Cruickshank, Cynthia A.

    2015-01-01

    Thermodynamics is a fundamental foundation of all engineering disciplines. A vast majority of engineering undergraduate programmes contain one or more courses on thermodynamics, and many engineers use thermodynamics every day to analyse or design energy systems. However, there is extensive anecdotal evidence as well as a wide range of published…

  15. Degrees of Freedom: Probing Math Placement Policies at California Colleges and Universities (Report 3 of a 3-Part Series)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdman, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    There is growing concern that the remedial math courses taken by most community college students unnecessarily divert some students from earning a degree. Anecdotes of students who thought they had completed their math requirements in high school only to have remedial courses delay their progress through college are common. In addition, research…

  16. Teaching Artistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeder, Laura

    2007-01-01

    The profession of teaching artist is an increasingly accepted career path. Teaching artists have generated plentiful testimonials to support what was once only backed up by anecdote and is now increasingly supported by objective data. They are finding that very definite and specific benefits await the artist who teaches. While the impacts are not…

  17. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  18. Portfolio Development, Reflection, Personal Instructional Theory and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minott, Mark A.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this anecdotal essay is to encourage college lecturers and classroom teachers to examine and articulate their personal instructional theory. This is important for two reasons. One, doing so brings an awareness of personal instructional practices, and two, it is an important facet of the scholarship of teaching and learning. To achieve…

  19. Tracking Ecstasy Trends in the United States with Data from Three National Drug Surveillance Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacoubian, George S., Jr.

    2003-01-01

    Anecdotal reports have suggested that the use of 3,4-methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy") is a prodigious problem across the United States. Unfortunately, no longitudinal evidence exists to support this contention. In the current study, data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), Monitoring the Future (MTF), and National…

  20. Protection from livestock fails to deter shrub proliferation in a desert landscape with a history of heavy grazing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desertification is often characterized by the replacement of mesophytic grasses with xerophytic shrubs. Livestock grazing is considered a key driver of shrub encroachment, although most evidence is anecdotal or confounded by other factors. Mapping of velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina) shrubs in and...

  1. An Investigation of the Interrelationships between Motivation, Engagement, and Complex Problem Solving in Game-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eseryel, Deniz; Law, Victor; Ifenthaler, Dirk; Ge, Xun; Miller, Raymond

    2014-01-01

    Digital game-based learning, especially massively multiplayer online games, has been touted for its potential to promote student motivation and complex problem-solving competency development. However, current evidence is limited to anecdotal studies. The purpose of this empirical investigation is to examine the complex interplay between…

  2. The Role of Schizotypy in Predicting Performance on Figural and Verbal Imagery-Based Measures of Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBoutillier, Nicholas; Barry, Richard; Westley, David

    2014-01-01

    There are many anecdotal reports of a link between psychopathology and creativity. The strongest links have been purported between creativity psychosis, schizotypy, and personality. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between schizotypy and imagery-based measures of creativity; Barron's (1988) Symbolic Equivalence Test and Finke's…

  3. The Effects of a Dog Reading Visitation Program on Academic Engagement Behavior in Three Elementary Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities: A Single Case Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassette, Laura A.; Taber-Doughty, Teresa

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) struggle with behavioral problems during reading activities in school. One way to address these concerns may be through dog reading programs which are increasing in popularity in schools and libraries. Preliminary anecdotal research suggests dog reading programs may improve…

  4. Radioactivity--Killer or the "Elixir of Life"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Paula

    2011-01-01

    It is frequently said that a good teacher will spice up their lessons with anecdotes and stories associated with the subject as these help to bring the subject alive. This is true in teaching radioactivity but it is not always easy to find a useful fund of stories--especially for a non-specialist. Paula Kennedy shares the stories and anecdotes…

  5. Drooling in children with cerebral palsy: a qualitative method to evaluate parental perceptions of its impact on daily life, social interaction, and self-esteem.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burg, J. van der; Jongerius, P.; Limbeek, J. van; Hulst, K. van; Rotteveel, J.J.

    2006-01-01

    Research on the treatment of drooling applies measures such as salivary flow rate, qualitative observations of drooling severity in standardized situations, and anecdotal or one-dimensional parental and teacher reports. To assess drooling severity in a range of everyday conditions, and its impact on

  6. The Asymmetric Effects of Investor Sentiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lutz, Chandler

    2016-01-01

    are asymmetric: During peak-to-trough periods of investor sentiment (sentiment contractions), high sentiment predicts low future returns for the cross section of speculative stocks and for the market overall, whereas the relationship between sentiment and future returns is positive but relatively weak during...... trough-to-peak episodes (sentiment expansions). Overall, these results match theories and anecdotal accounts of investor sentiment....

  7. Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS): fact or fantasy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardana, E J

    1999-01-01

    Most evidence suggests that RADS is a distinct syndrome and not simply an exacerbation of pre-existing hyperresponsiveness. There is no doubt that much remains to be explained regarding pathogenesis. On the other hand, I urge caution about the claims of "low-level RADS". Here the data are much more anecdotal and leave much to be desired. PMID:10735647

  8. Accelerated Baccalaureate Nursing Students: Perceptions of Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blozen, Barbara B.

    2010-01-01

    Although there are a number of anecdotal reports on demographic characteristics and academic success of accelerated nursing students, few empirical studies have been undertaken to examine these students' success, despite this type of programs' existence for more than a decade, and only three studies have sought to examine the perspective of the…

  9. Conflict cultures in organizations: How leaders shape conflict cultures and their organizational-level consequences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Gelfand; L.M. Leslie; K. Keller; C.K.W. de Dreu

    2012-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence abounds that organizations have distinct conflict cultures, or socially shared norms for how conflict should be managed. However, research to date has largely focused on conflict management styles at the individual and small group level, and has yet to examine whether organization

  10. Tamoxifen is associated with lower mortality of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: results of the Dutch Multicentre EPS Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.R. Korte; M.W. Fieren; D.E. Sampimon; H.F. Lingsma; W. Weimar; M.G.H. Betjes

    2011-01-01

    Background. Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) with an increasing incidence. There is no clear consensus on the treatment of EPS, but anecdotal reports indicate improvement in EPS patients treated with tamoxifen. At present, there is no evi

  11. Specific Oral Communication Skills Desired in New Accountancy Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, F. Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    International research findings and anecdotal evidence alike suggest that new accountancy graduates often begin their careers with inadequate oral communication skills. However, there is a lack of well-grounded empirical data concerning precisely what accountancy employers mean by "oral communication" and what specific skills they value most…

  12. Hydrogen peroxide as a greenhouse soil amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    There are anecdotal reports that hydrogen peroxide provides growth benefits beyond controlling plant infection and plant stress. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of soil applications of hydrogen peroxide solutions on plant growth and flowering. Nasturtium (Tropaeolum maju...

  13. A Qualitative Study of Irish Teachers' Perspective of Student Substance Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hout, Marie Claire; Connor, Sean

    2008-01-01

    Research Aim: This research aimed to provide an anecdotal perception of student substance use according to the teachers' personal experience in the Irish secondary level educational setting. Methodology: Sampling Interviews were conducted with teachers (n=95) at 10 randomly selected schools in County Carlow in the South East of Ireland, as part of…

  14. How To Catch a Shark and Other Stories about Teaching and Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Donald H.

    This anthology of 32 autobiographical tales is based on both personal and professional experiences. The anthology's eclectic tales offer: recalled moments of childhood wonder; anecdotes about remarkable and not-so-remarkable students; lessons from the pulpit as well as the battlefield; and stories of painful loss, hilarious mishaps, and awesome…

  15. A Study on Pragmatic Failure in Cross-Cultural Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jie

    2010-01-01

    Through analyzing and comparing the anecdotes of pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication from the aspects of lexicon, syntax and discourse, some pragmatic strategies are suggested in intercultural communication. To improve learners' cultural awareness and communicative competence, a cultural-linguistic approach in foreign language…

  16. Southern Nevada Library Services; Serving Lincoln County, Nye County, Esmeralda County through the Clark County Library District: An Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Phyllis I.

    An anecdotal review covers the first year of increased library service in Nye, Lincoln, and Esmeralda Counties, Nevada, under the Southern Nevada Library Services project funded by the Library Services and Construction Act. Using information from questionnaires and site visits, the extent of library services in each community in the area is…

  17. Research and Reflection: Animal-Assisted Therapy in Mental Health Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parshall, Debra Phillips

    2003-01-01

    Although animals have been historically associated with promoting physical and mental health benefits for humans, only recently has there been support for such claims in the literature. This article is a preliminary attempt to bring together scientific studies and anecdotal reports that provide evidence of the benefits of using animals in…

  18. Big Brother Is Helping You: Supporting Self-Access Language Learning with a Student Monitoring System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinders, Hayo

    2007-01-01

    Self-access and language advising are relatively recent and increasingly common types of language support offered in schools and tertiary institutions around the world. There is a great deal of anecdotal support for the positive contribution of such support to student learning. Self-access and language advising hold strong potential as…

  19. Making the message count: a new CNA media relations strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The points made, in anecdotal form, are that: experts should be accessible to the media; the CNA should be active in speaking to the media; simple language should be used; the industry should present a human face; nobody should be surprised that reporters are cynical, suspicious and skeptical about industry, government and ''the establishment''

  20. Assessing the implications on performance when aligning customer lifetime value calculations with religious faith groups and afterlifetime values - a Socratic elenchus approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Wilson, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    growth and interest trends. The method adopted uses a conceptual Socratic elenchus approach – drawing from interpretive phenomenological analysis and syllogisms, building on allegorical anecdotal evidence. The paper ends up with a proposal for a four-step managerial decision model that may reformulate...

  1. Gender Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen Blakemore, Judith E.; Berenbaum, Sheri A.; Liben, Lynn S.

    2008-01-01

    This new text offers a unique developmental focus on gender. Gender development is examined from infancy through adolescence, integrating biological, socialization, and cognitive perspectives. The book's current empirical focus is complemented by a lively and readable style that includes anecdotes about children's everyday experiences. The book's…

  2. Does Problem-Based Learning Improve Problem Solving Skills?--A Study among Business Undergraduates at Malaysian Premier Technical University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadir, Z. Abdul; Abdullah, N. H.; Anthony, E.; Salleh, B. Mohd; Kamarulzaman, R.

    2016-01-01

    Problem-based Learning (PBL) approach has been widely used in various disciplines since it is claimed to improve students' soft skills. However, empirical supports on the effect of PBL on problem solving skills have been lacking and anecdotal in nature. This study aimed to determine the effect of PBL approach on students' problem solving skills…

  3. Leading through Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Kathleen F.

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on her experiences as a school leader addressing groups of (sometimes skeptical) teachers, colleagues, and parents, Grove describes how she used storytelling to engage, inspire, and convince listeners. She gives examples of five things telling well-chosen anecdotes will help you do when communicating with educators and families: (1)…

  4. Sensing Landscape History with an Interactive Location Based Service

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lammeren, van R.J.A.; Roncken, P.A.; Goossen, C.M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces the STEAD approach for interpreting data acquired by a "human sensor", who uses an informal interactive location-based service (iLBS) to sense cultural-historic facts and anecdotes of, and in the landscape. This user-generated data is collected outdoors and in situ. The approac

  5. Blood transfusion and dermatology:

    OpenAIRE

    Al Aboud, Ahmad; Al Aboud, Khalid; Al Hawsawi, Khalid; Jain, Nipun; Ramesh, V.

    2006-01-01

    Blood transfusion is an accepted therapeutic procedure in all specialties of medicine. In dermatology, specialized techniques like plasmapheresis and extracorporeal photochemotherapy have provided a good treatment option in immune-mediated disorders like bullous dermatoses, collagen vascular diseases and cutaneous lymphomas. Other anecdotal and less substantiated reports point to its use in chronic disorders like atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Untowarddermatological manifestations include m...

  6. Free: Why Authors Are Giving Books Away on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, John, III; Wiley, David

    2010-01-01

    With increasing frequency, authors in academic and non-academic fields are releasing their books for free digital distribution. Anecdotal evidence suggests that exposure to both authors and books increases when books are available as free downloads, and that print sales are not negatively affected. For this study we interviewed ten authors to…

  7. Evaluating a College-Prep Laboratory Exercise for Teenaged Homeschool Students in a University Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hercules, Daniel A.; Parrish, Cameron A.; Whitehead, Daniel C.

    2016-01-01

    We devised a half-day laboratory exercise for a group of 10th grade homeschooled students enrolled in an honors-level high school general chemistry course organized by a collective of homeschooling families associated with local Christian churches. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the students met the learning objectives of the exercise. The…

  8. Collective Contexts in Conversation: Grounding by Proxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshghi, Arash; Healey, Patrick G. T.

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that participants in conversation can sometimes act as a coalition. This implies a level of conversational organization in which groups of individuals form a coherent unit. This paper investigates the implications of this phenomenon for psycholinguistic and semantic models of shared context in dialog. We present a…

  9. Working Memory Benefits Creative Insight, Musical Improvisation, and Original Ideation Through Maintained Task-Focused Attention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Dreu, Carsten K. W.; Nijstad, Bernard A.; Baas, Matthijs; Wolsink, Inge; Roskes, Marieke

    2012-01-01

    Anecdotes from creative eminences suggest that executive control plays an important role in creativity, but scientific evidence is sparse. Invoking the Dual Pathway to Creativity Model, the authors hypothesize that working memory capacity (WMC) relates to creative performance because it enables pers

  10. Academics and Wikipedia: Reframing Web 2.0+ as a Disruptor of Traditional Academic Power-Knowledge Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eijkman, Henk

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: There is much hype about academics' attitude to Wikipedia. This paper seeks to go beyond anecdotal evidence by drawing on empirical research to ascertain how academics respond to Wikipedia and the implications these responses have for the take-up of Web 2.0+. It aims to test the hypothesis that Web 2.0+, as a platform built around the…

  11. Identifying and Describing Tutor Archetypes: The Pragmatist, the Architect, and the Surveyor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harootunian, Jeff A.; Quinn, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors identify and anecdotally describe three tutor archetypes: the pragmatist, the architect, and the surveyor. These descriptions, based on observations of remedial mathematics tutors at a land-grant university, shed light on a variety of philosophical beliefs regarding and pedagogical approaches to tutoring. An analysis…

  12. Child Abuse and Deafness: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebald, Ann M.

    2008-01-01

    The professional literature contains research and anecdotal information on various maltreatments affecting children and youth with and without disabilities. Unfortunately, little information exists on abused children with hearing loss. Reasons relate to a lack of quantity and quality in research on this population; challenges in conducting…

  13. Antologia Del Saber Popular: A Selection from Various Genres of Mexican Folklore Across Borders. Monograph No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robe, Stanley L., Ed.

    A variety of oral folk material from Mexican sources is presented in this anthology. The 114 selections are derived from the various genres available and from traditional as well as newer formations. The selections include folktales, jests and anecdotes, legends and beliefs, beliefs about popular medicine, prayers, verses, children's games and…

  14. Case study: molasses as the primary energy source on an organic grazing dairy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organic dairies face many challenges, one of which is the high cost of purchased organic grains. Molasses may be a less expensive energy alternative. However, anecdotal results have been mixed for farms that used molasses as the sole energy source. This research project quantified animal performance...

  15. On the Frontlines of Teaching the History of the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennell, Cationa

    2014-01-01

    It is very common for people in politics and the media to make assumptions about what happens in history classrooms. Too often these preconceptions are based on little more than anecdote, examples from the Internet or memories of what someone experienced at school themselves. In this article, Catriona Pennell reports on an empirical study that set…

  16. Are Returns to Education on the Decline in Venezuela and Does Mission Sucre Have a Role to Play?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Naihobe; Oyelere, Ruth Uwaifo

    2011-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence points to a falling standard of living for the educated in Venezuela. During this same period, President Hugo Chavez implemented several education reforms. We focus on a major university education reform known as Mission Sucre and its potential impact on returns to university education. First, we show that returns to education…

  17. Innocents Abroad: The Politics of Cross-Cultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufva, Hannele

    Some failure types that occur in cross-cultural interactions are described, mainly from the point of view of Finns and Finland and from primarily anecdotal and "folk theoretical" data. Material from such sources as newspapers, joke collections, proverbs, and student experiences are used as the basis of the discussion. Non-grammatical errors, or…

  18. Considering Culturally Responsive Teaching, Children, and Place in the Music Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiens, Kimberly Friesen

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the author explores how culturally responsive teaching and the concept of children and place relate in the music room. The article begins with a brief explanation of both culturally responsive teaching and children and place. Through the use of anecdotes and ideas to consider, this article provides elementary music teachers with…

  19. Use of Videotape Feedback with Severely Disturbed Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Jane; Blitstein, Sheldon

    1979-01-01

    Summarizes the design and effects of a group therapy project using videotape feedback with seriously disturbed adolescents. Offers anecdotal evidence that the feedback facilitated the correction of the participants' distorted body images, low self-esteem, lack of capacity for self-observation, and poor peer relationships. (SS)

  20. Mind Wandering and the Incubation Effect in Insight Problem Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Tengteng; Zou, Hong; Chen, Chuansheng; Luo, Jin

    2015-01-01

    Although many anecdotes suggest that creative insights often arise during mind wandering, empirical research is still sparse. In this study, the number reduction task (NRT) was used to assess whether insightful solutions were related to mind wandering during the incubation stage of the creative process. An experience sampling paradigm was used to…

  1. Prevalence and Severity of College Student Bereavement Examined in a Randomly Selected Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balk, David E.; Walker, Andrea C.; Baker, Ardith

    2010-01-01

    The authors used stratified random sampling to assess the prevalence and severity of bereavement in college undergraduates, providing an advance over findings that emerge from convenience sampling methods or from anecdotal observations. Prior research using convenience sampling indicated that 22% to 30% of college students are within 12 months of…

  2. More than Comic Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerman-Cornell, Bill

    2013-01-01

    Graphic novels (book-length fiction or nonfiction narratives told using the conventions of a comic book) bring together text and image in a way that seems to capture students' imaginations. Right now, there is little more than anecdotal research about how graphic novels can be used within specific middle school and high school disciplines. As…

  3. Lost in the Lifeworld: Technology Help Seeking and Giving on Diverse, Post-Secondary Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannis, Derek

    2013-01-01

    Information and communications technology (ICT) is integrated throughout a student's lived experience in their post-secondary learning environment. In order for students with limited or no background with ICT to achieve their academic goals, a central part of their adaptation involves an intensive period of ICT help seeking. Using anecdotes from…

  4. A Cross-Cultural Study on the Use of Gestures: Evidence for Cross-Linguistic Transfer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pika, Simone; Nicoladis, Elena; Marentette, Paula F.

    2006-01-01

    Anecdotal reports provide evidence of so called "hybrid" gesturer whose non-verbal behavior of one language/culture becomes visible in the other. The direction of this gestural transfer seems to occur from a high to a low frequency gesture language. The purpose of this study was therefore to test systematically 1) whether gestural transfer occurs…

  5. Reading words, seeing style : The neuropsychology of word, font and handwriting perception

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barton, Jason J. S.; Sekunova, Alla; Sheldon, Claire; Johnston, Samantha; Iaria, Giuseppe; Scheel, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The reading of text is predominantly a left hemisphere function. However, it is also possible to process text for attributes other than word or letter identity, such as style of font or handwriting. Anecdotal observations have suggested that processing the latter may involve the right hemisphere. We

  6. Challenges Affecting Field Instructors in Wilderness Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Genevieve

    2008-01-01

    The understanding of stress and burnout in camp counselors (Magnuson, 1992; Voekl, Austin, & Szymanski, 1985), teachers (Troman & Woods, 2001), and therapists (Maslach, 1976) has been commonly studied in the past. In contrast, the outdoor education industry has relied on anecdotal information when addressing the problems of stress, burnout, and…

  7. Combating Anti-Muslim Bias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    America's 2.5 million Muslims make up less than 1 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Pew Research Center. Anecdotally, educators know that many Muslim students face discrimination. Unfortunately, no group or government agency keeps statistics on the subject. But some cases have warranted investigation by the U.S. Department of…

  8. Ernst Moerk and the Puzzle of Zero-Trial Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, David C.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author shares an anecdote demonstrating one-trial learning which is commonplace in human behavior. The demonstration suggests that under some conditions, when people hear someone speak, their behavior changes, even in the absence of an apparent contingency of reinforcement, but only if they have in their repertoire verbal…

  9. Breaking All the Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Alyssa

    2012-01-01

    This piece is an academic reflection on personal experiences of the education system through the critical lens of anti-oppressive and multicultural education. The author divides the page into academic discourse and personal experience, reflecting the boundaries between anecdotal evidence and academic discourse. Suggestions and observations are…

  10. Four lives a celebration of Raymond Smullyan

    CERN Document Server

    Rosenhouse, Jason

    2014-01-01

    This ""best of"" collection of works by Raymond Smullyan features excerpts from his published writings, including logic puzzles, explorations of mathematical logic and paradoxes, retrograde analysis chess problems, jokes and anecdotes, and meditations on the philosophy of religion. In addition, numerous personal tributes salute this celebrated professor, author, and logic scholar who is also a magician and musician.

  11. A Preliminary Study on the Use of Mind Mapping as a Visual-Learning Strategy in General Education Science Classes for Arabic Speakers in the United Arab Emirates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Kenesha; Copeland-Solas, Eddia; Guthrie-Dixon, Natalie

    2016-01-01

    Mind mapping was introduced as a culturally relevant pedagogy aimed at enhancing the teaching and learning experience in a general education, Environmental Science class for mostly Emirati English Language Learners (ELL). Anecdotal evidence suggests that the students are very artistic and visual and enjoy group-based activities. It was decided to…

  12. Promoting Entrepreneurship Studies in the Community College Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Karen Southall

    This document examines the current promotional methods used by North Carolina community colleges to advance entrepreneurship education and identifies practical strategies for improving promotional efforts and outcomes. The observations, interviews, and anecdotal information presented in the paper are based on the author's three years of community…

  13. From Isolation to Insulation: The Impact of Campus Culture on the Existence of Two Cultural Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinchback-Hines, Cynthia Juanesta

    2013-01-01

    This case study examined how the campus culture influences the existence of a Black cultural center and a multicultural center at a predominantly White university. A qualitative ethnography was conducted using focus group interviews, personal interviews, archival research, and anecdotal observation. The results of the study identified five themes:…

  14. Special Report: Fluoridation of Water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hileman, Bette

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the controversy regarding water fluoridation in the United States during the last 50 years. Discusses the current status; benefits; and health risks including skeletal fluorosis, kidney disease, hypersensitivity, mutagenic effects, birth defects, and cancer. Presents statistics and anecdotal accounts. (CW)

  15. Pattern of Plagiarism in Novice Students' Generated Programs: An Experimental Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadzadeh, Marzieh; Mahmoudabadi, Elham; Khodadadi, Farzad

    2011-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence shows that in computer programming courses plagiarism is a widespread problem. With the growing number of students in such courses, manual plagiarism detection is impractical. This requires instructors to use one of the many available plagiarism detection tools. Prior to choosing one of such tools, a metric that assures the…

  16. Complement factor H-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome in monozygotic twins: Concordant presentation, discordant response to treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C. Davin; K.H. Olie; R. Verlaak; F. Horuz; S. Florquin; J.J. Weening; J.W. Groothoff; L. Strain; T.H.J. Goodship

    2006-01-01

    Hemolytic uremic syndrome not associated with diarrhea (diarrhea negative, atypical) is less common than the diarrhea-positive typical form, but frequently results In end-stage renal failure. Although there are anecdotal cases of successful treatment with fresh frozen plasma alone, the value of this

  17. Facial Atrophy in Oral Submucous Fibrosis: An Association or a Coincidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Sameep S; Shetty, Premalatha; Chougule, Amruta Ramgonda

    2016-01-01

    The anecdotal clinical presentation of OSMF that includes vesicle formation, burning sensation, intolerance to hot and spicy food, and trismus due to circumoral fibrous bands has been ringing in our ears for decades but the current paper flags novelty by portraying a rare presentation of an advanced stage of OSMF. PMID:27339711

  18. Homeschoolers on to College: What Research Shows Us

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Brian D.

    2004-01-01

    Experience and anecdotes have led many people to believe that homeschool parents were either move-to-the-country anarchist goat-herders, or right-wing Bible-thumpers, and their children were either mathematically-limited, due to Mama's fear of math, or child prodigies in rocket-science who were unthinkably socially hindered. Although one can find…

  19. Peer-Assisted Learning and Orthopaedic Evaluation Psychomotor Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Weidner, Thomas G.; Popp, Jennifer K

    2007-01-01

    Context: Athletic training educators often anecdotally suggest that athletic training students enhance their learning by teaching their peers. However, peer-assisted learning (PAL) has not been examined within athletic training education to provide evidence for PAL's current use or for its use as a pedagogic tool.

  20. Peer-Assisted Learning in the Athletic Training Clinical Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Henning, Jolene M.; Weidner, Thomas G.; Jones, James

    2006-01-01

    Context: Athletic training educators often anecdotally suggest that athletic training students enhance their learning by teaching their peers. However, peer-assisted learning (PAL) has not been examined within athletic training education in order to provide evidence for its current use or as a pedagogic tool.

  1. Psychological Sense of Community and Group Cohesion on Wilderness Trips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breunig, Mary; O'Connell, Tim; Todd, Sharon; Young, Anderson; Anderson, Lynn; Anderson, Dale

    2008-01-01

    A primary purpose of many wilderness trip programs is the development of positive interpersonal relationships and group experiences that lead to enhanced sense of community among group members. Although there is anecdotal evidence to support the development of sense of community on wilderness trips, there is little empirical evidence to support…

  2. The Construction and Evaluation of Three Measures of Affectionate Behaviour for Children with Asperger's Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofronoff, Kate; Lee, Jessica; Sheffield, Jeanie; Attwood, Tony

    2014-01-01

    Children with Asperger's syndrome are often reported by their parents as having difficulties communicating affection. This study aimed to develop a valid measure of affectionate behaviour that could be used to investigate and quantify these anecdotal reports and then be used in further intervention research. Using parent and expert focus…

  3. Policy Analyses on the Effectiveness of the National University Corporation Act: What Has Changed since 2004?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuta, Kensuke; Yanagiura, Takeshi

    2008-01-01

    (Purpose) While numerous data and research indicate that the fiscal practice of institutions has been influenced by National University Corporation Act (NUCA), what exactly the effect NUCA has had on institutions is not known beyond anecdotal experiences and stories. The contribution of this paper is to provide hard evidence on such institutional…

  4. What Did Kramers and Kronig Do and How Did They Do It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohren, Craig F.

    2010-01-01

    Over time the account of how the Kramers-Kronig (dispersion) relations between the real and imaginary parts of response functions were derived in 1926 and 1927 has been transmogrified into anecdotes about what might have been done but was not. Although Kramers obtained both members of a pair of relations, Kronig obtained only one. Both authors…

  5. Open and Accessible: The Relationship between Closures and Circulation in School Library Media Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, Gail; Gavigan, Karen; Pribesh, Shana

    2008-01-01

    A hallmark of school library media best practice is for the library media center to be open and accessible to patron use before, during, and after the school day and throughout the entire school year. Anecdotal evidence and informal discussion among school library media specialists indicate that library media facilities are sometimes used for…

  6. Supplementation of zilpaterol hydrochloride to crossbred Angus heifers does not increase stress responsiveness or homeostatic metabolic parameters after a combined corticoptropin releasing hormone and vasopressin challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anecdotal claims suggest that feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) alters the stress response in cattle; however, there is no scientific data to support or refute these claims. This study was designed to determine if differences exist in the stress response of ZH-supplemented cattle when exposed to...

  7. Psychological Vulnerability in Children Next-Born after Stillbirth: A Case-Control Follow-Up Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turton, Penelope; Badenhorst, William; Pawlby, Susan; White, Sarah; Hughes, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    Background: Case studies and anecdotal accounts suggest that perinatal loss may impact upon other children in the family, including those born subsequent to loss. However, there is a dearth of systematically collected quantitative data on this potentially vulnerable group. Methods: Case-controlled follow-up of 52 mothers with history of stillbirth…

  8. Facial Atrophy in Oral Submucous Fibrosis: An Association or a Coincidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Premalatha; Chougule, Amruta Ramgonda

    2016-01-01

    The anecdotal clinical presentation of OSMF that includes vesicle formation, burning sensation, intolerance to hot and spicy food, and trismus due to circumoral fibrous bands has been ringing in our ears for decades but the current paper flags novelty by portraying a rare presentation of an advanced stage of OSMF. PMID:27339711

  9. Spooning of the nails and webbing of the esophagus: koilonychia and Plummer-Vinson Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangla, Ankit; Agarwal, Nikki; Yu, Jie; Telfer, Margaret

    2015-12-01

    Chronic iron deficiency can be associated with nail deformities like Koilonychia and Platynychia. It can also be associated with esophageal webs (Plummer-Vinson syndrome or Patterson-Brown-Kelly syndrome) causing dysphagia in the patient. Though the pathogenesis of this association remains anecdotal and presence of these physical findings should prompt the clinician towards considering chronic iron deficiency as the cause of anemia.

  10. Properties of Publications on Anatomy in Medical Education Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorstenbosch, Marc; Bolhuis, Sanneke; van Kuppeveld, Sascha; Kooloos, Jan; Laan, Roland

    2011-01-01

    Publications on anatomy in medical education appear to be largely anecdotal. To explore this, we investigated the literature on anatomy in medical education, aiming first to evaluate the contribution of the literature on anatomy in medical education to "best evidence medical education" (BEME) and second to evaluate the development of this…

  11. When do German Firms Change their Dividends?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Correia Da Silva, L.; Goergen, M.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2002-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that the dividend policy of German firms is more flexible than the one of their Anglo-American counterparts.This paper analyses the decision to change the dividend for a panel of 221 German firms from 1984 to 1994.The choice of the period of study is motivated by the fact

  12. How to Get Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Children with Cerebral Palsy or Brain Injury: Navigating Insurance Denials, Red Tape, and Other Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Console, Richard P., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Medical professionals who use hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) say that recent studies, as well as anecdotal evidence, indicate that this treatment significantly improves the lives of many children with cerebral palsy and other types of chronic brain injury. So why do many children with these diagnoses not have access to this treatment? Simply…

  13. Some suggestions for future cladoceran research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ringelberg, J.

    1997-01-01

    The topics dealt with at the Cladoceran Symposium showed a large diversity. A high diversity is what characterises the world we study, consisting of many different habitats and a rich species set. This easily leads to anecdotal research which then prevents the building of a consistent and sophistica

  14. Failure Rates in Introductory Programming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Jens; Caspersen, Michael Edelgaard

    2007-01-01

    It is a common conception that CS1 is a very difficult course and that failure rates are high. However, until now there has only been anecdotal evidence for this claim. This article reports on a survey among institutions around the world regarding failure rates in introductory programming courses...

  15. Admission to Selective Schools, Alphabetically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurajda, Stepan; Munich, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    One's position in an alphabetically sorted list may be important in determining access to over-subscribed public services. Motivated by anecdotal evidence, we investigate the importance of the position in the alphabet of Czech students for their admission chances into over-subscribed schools. Empirical evidence based on the population of students…

  16. Old Systems Never Die...They Just Age Us.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherron, Gene T.

    1992-01-01

    Results of a national survey investigating problems with aging college computer systems are reported. On average, 68 percent of systems were identified as aging (five or more years old or not under database management systems). Strategies for upgrading obsolescent systems are discussed, and the role of planning is emphasized. Anecdotal information…

  17. Contagious Fire? An Empirical Assessment of the Problem of Multi-Shooter, Multi-Shot Deadly Force Incidents in Police Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Michael D.; Klinger, David

    2012-01-01

    Recent police shootings in which multiple officers fired numerous rounds at suspects have led some observers to assert that such situations involve "contagious fire," where an initial officer's shots launch a cascade of gunfire from other officers present. Although there is anecdotal recognition of the contagious fire phenomenon among police and…

  18. Influence of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anna Carolina Batista Dantas; Marco Aurelio Santo; Roberto de Cleva; Rubens Antônio Aissar Sallum; Ivan Cecconello

    2016-01-01

    Esophageal and gastric cancer (GC) are related to obesity and bariatric surgery. Risk factors, such as gastroesophageal reflux and Helicobacter pylori, must be investigated and treated in obese population. After surgery, GC reports are anecdotal and treatment is not standardized. This review aims to discuss GC related to obesity before and after bariatric surgery.

  19. A Comparison of Community and State College Leader Perceptions of Trustee Involvement in Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Adam A.; Miller, Michael T.

    2014-01-01

    Trustees play an important role in determining the direction, priorities, and future of higher education institutions, and as such, are critical actors in the decision-making and policy formation process. Numerous anecdotal reports have concluded that there are often competing interests in the use and structure of trustees throughout higher…

  20. Climate-proofing spatial planning and water management projects: an analysis of 100 local and regional projects in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sedee, A.G.J.; Swart, R.J.; Pater, de F.; Goosen, H.; Pijnappels, M.H.J.; Vellinga, P.

    2014-01-01

    Since the turn of the century, an increasing number of local and regional authorities in Europe started making their city or region resilient to climate change, or ‘climate-proof’. Publications about the actual experiences with implementing these adaptation policies are as yet anecdotal, determined

  1. Creative production by angry people peaks early on, decreases over time, and is relatively unstructured

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Baas; C.K.W. de Dreu; B.A. Nijstad

    2011-01-01

    Anecdotes and introspective reports from eminent scientists and artists aside, a systematic test of the putative creativity-enhancing effect of anger is missing. This article fills this void with three experiments examining creativity as a function of anger (vs. sad or a mood-neutral control state).

  2. Quality Assurance: Adapting SERVQUAL to Measure the Perceived Quality of Pre-Service Teachers' Teaching Practice Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Henry; Koeberg, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a work in progress study which extends traditional quality assurance mechanisms through the application of the SERVQUAL instrument. It assesses the difference between pre-service teacher expectations and actual experience during a Teaching Practice period. Anecdotal evidence points to students being the recipients of poor…

  3. Why Volunteer? The Complexities of International Pre-Service Teachers' Intercultural Adjustment Experiences through Community Service Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soong, Hannah

    2013-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that pre-service teachers who have volunteered in schools demonstrate greater awareness of the general operational aspects of a school and, thus, are better prepared for the teaching practicum. However, there is little documented evidence about the cross-cultural challenges of international pre-service teachers…

  4. Validation of serious games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Kooij, K.; Hoogendoorn, E.; Spijkerman, R.; Visch, V.T.

    2015-01-01

    The application of games for behavioral change has seen a surge in popularity but evidence on the efficacy of these games is contradictory. Anecdotal findings seem to confirm their motivational value whereas most quantitative findings from randomized controlled trials (RCT) are negative or difficult

  5. Are We There Yet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scully, Maura King

    2010-01-01

    How things have changed. No longer can alumni relations rely on head counts or anecdotal feedback as indicators of a job well done. Alumni leaders now have to prove it, and to do that, they need to look at their programs with a critical eye, comparing where they stack up against peer and aspirant institutions on specific, measurable objectives. In…

  6. Prevalence and Severity of Voice and Swallowing Difficulties in Mitochondrial Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Jennifer L.; Whittaker, Roger G.; Miller, Nick; Clark, Sue; Taylor, Robert; McFarland, Robert; Turnbull, Douglass

    2012-01-01

    Background: Mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cause a broad spectrum of clinical phenotypes. Anecdotal evidence suggests that voice and swallow problems are a common feature of these diseases. Aims: To characterize accurately the prevalence and severity of voice and swallow problems in a large cohort of patients with mitochondrial disease.…

  7. The Importance of the Default Mode Network in Creativity--A Structural MRI Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühn, Simone; Ritter, Simone M.; Müller, Barbara C. N.; van Baaren, Rick B.; Brass, Marcel; Dijksterhuis, Ap

    2014-01-01

    Anecdotal reports as well as behavioral studies have suggested that creative performance benefits from unconscious processes. So far, however, little is known about how creative ideas arise from the brain. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the neural correlates of creativity by means of structural MRI research. Given that unconscious…

  8. Creativity: The role of unconscious processes in idea generation and idea selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ritter, S.M.; Baaren, R.B. van; Dijksterhuis, A.J.

    2012-01-01

    Today's world of continuous change thrives on creative individuals. Anecdotal reports suggest that creative performance benefits from unconscious processes. Empirical research on the role of the unconscious in creativity, though, is inconsistent and thus far has focused mainly on one aspect of the c

  9. The importance of the default mode network in creativity: A structural MRI study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kühn, S.; Ritter, S.M.; Müller, B.C.N.; Baaren, R.B. van; Brass, M.; Dijksterhuis, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    Anecdotal reports as well as behavioral studies have suggested that creative performance benefits from unconscious processes. So far, however, little is known about how creative ideas arise from the brain. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the neural correlates of creativity by means of

  10. Book review: The signal and the noise: the art and science of prediction

    OpenAIRE

    Kuecken, Maria

    2013-01-01

    In The Signal and the Noise, the New York Times’ political forecaster and statistics guru Nate Silver explores the art of prediction, detailing discussions with expert forecasters from economists to big time gamblers. Maria Kuecken finds that Silver’s writing style is straightforward and accessible, peppered with anecdotes, charts, and references which keep new readers engaged.

  11. Examining the Enigmatic Einstein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoon, Koh Aik

    2007-01-01

    Albert Einstein is the icon of scientific genius. His is one the most recognizable faces in the history of mankind. This paper takes a cursory look at the man who is commonly perceived to be the epitome of eccentricity. We manage to sum up his salient traits which are associated with his name. The traits are based on anecdotal evidence. This…

  12. College Football Games and Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Daniel I.; Schnepel, Kevin T.

    2008-01-01

    There is a great deal of anecdotal evidence that college football games can lead to aggressive and destructive behavior by fans. However, to date, no empirical study has attempted to document the magnitude of this phenomenon. We match daily data on offenses from the NIBRS to 26 Division I-A college football programs in order to estimate the…

  13. Florence B. Stratemeyer: Teacher Educator for a Free People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberman, Martin

    1996-01-01

    Describes the work of Florence B. Stratemeyer, a democratic teacher/educator who respected and was committed to her students and believed in their potential. Presents several anecdotes that typify her ability, her commitment to the practice of college teaching, and her relationships with others. (SM)

  14. The World of Film: An Introduction to The Cinema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bruce

    Designed as an introduction to the intelligent and active appreciation of films, this book provides an anecdotal discussion of current and past movies. Among the subjects discussed are the origins of the industry, the process of filmmaking, the role of the spectator, the development of various film genres, the debate over sex and violence, and the…

  15. Student Learning through Service Learning: Effects on Academic Development, Civic Responsibility, Interpersonal Skills and Practical Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hébert, Ali; Hauf, Petra

    2015-01-01

    Although anecdotal evidence and research alike espouse the benefits of service learning, some researchers have suggested that more rigorous testing is required in order to determine its true effect on students. This is particularly true in the case of academic development, which has been inconsistently linked to service learning. It has been…

  16. Building Social Infrastructure through Public-Private Partnerships: The Case of Student Housing in Public Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Bruce Kevin

    2012-01-01

    Evaluations of Public-Private Partnership arrangements as alternatives to traditional government procurement methods for the delivery of public infrastructure projects have been anecdotal at best. This paper proposes a framework to evaluate a public university's infrastructure asset management performance and a specific measure based on a new…

  17. The Relationship between Spirituality, Spiritual Intelligence, and Leadership Practices in Student Leaders in the BYU-Idaho Student Activities Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Troy J.

    2011-01-01

    Very little research exists to empirically support a spiritual component to leadership. Most of the literature connecting spirituality to leadership is either theory based or anecdotal. Even less research exists involving college students and the contribution of spirituality to their attitudes and behaviors as leaders. Spiritual intelligence has…

  18. Not an Inexhaustible Resource: Valuation and Depreciation of Library Collections in the Queensland Department of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cram, Jennifer

    1997-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that valuation of library collections is not being addressed by library managers, despite the growing popularity of accrual accounting in publicly funded institutions. This article discusses the implications of asset valuation and describes the development and implementation a method for valuing the library collections…

  19. From the Party/State to Multiethnic Democracy: Education and Social Cohesion in Europe and Central Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyneman, Stephen P.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews anecdotal and field experience in Europe and Central Asia in meeting the challenges of social cohesion and draws some comparisons between the social cohesion of education systems in the European and Central Asian regions and that of the United States. Outlines ways in which public education has contributed to social cohesion in the West.…

  20. Private Giving to Public Schools and Districts in Los Angeles County: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, Ron; Krop, Cathy; Kaganoff, Tessa; Ross, Karen E.; Brewer, Dominic J.

    In an era of dependence on nonflexible funding by states, private support is a desirable source of funding. Anecdotal reports and a limited body of documented research suggest districts and schools are pursuing private support with increased sophistication and aggressiveness. This pilot study is designed to provide schools and school districts…

  1. Student Consumerism in Higher Education: An Analysis of Relationships with Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossick, Michael John

    2009-01-01

    There has been much discussion in recent years concerning student consumerism and its potentially negative impact on higher education. Much of the literature has been anecdotal (Bellah 1999; Delucchi and Smith 1997; Edmundson 1997; Smith 2000), while some studies have been more empirical in nature (Levine and Cureton 1998; Delucchi and Korgen…

  2. Soul Warming Stories of Children with Special Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazeghi, Barabara

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an anecdote that relates the "derailment" that a child with autism can experience with an event as seemingly innocuous as the cafeteria pizza being rectangular as opposed to round. Those who work with or are the family member's of a person with autism will certainly be able to relate to such an event.

  3. Pizza Parties, Pep Rallies, and Practice Tests: Strategies Used by High School Principals to Raise Percent Proficient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollingworth, Liz; Dude, David J.; Shepherd, Julie K.

    2010-01-01

    This study explores ways high school principals are responding to the demands of education reform to raise student test scores on achievement tests used for accountability purposes. Anecdotal evidence suggests administrators have instituted pizza parties and pep rallies to motivate students to do their best and practice tests to prepare students…

  4. Supply and Demand in the Higher Education Market: College Admission and College Choice. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurwitz, Michael; Kumar, Amal

    2015-01-01

    The nation's most selective colleges are often the centerpiece of the discussion surrounding college choice, and trends in college selectivity are relayed through stories of plunging admission rates at a few high-profile postsecondary institutions and anecdotes of model high school students unable to secure seats at these colleges. Such stories…

  5. So Much Depends Upon a Pickup Truck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laufer, Alexander (Editor)

    2002-01-01

    An anecdote from the author's own career as a researcher stresses the importance of becoming thoroughly familiar with a subject under study, in order to avoid overlooking obvious factors. In one study he conducted in Israel, he found that pickup truck size sometimes determined work crew size.

  6. Africans and Black Americans in the United States: Social Distance and Differential Acculturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emoungu, Paul-Albert

    1992-01-01

    Presents an exploratory examination of the causes of social distance characterizing the association between Africans and African Americans. African American's perceptions about Africa and Africans are assessed through anecdotes and impressions, and thoughts and criticisms of Africans about African Americans are considered. A social science…

  7. Forms, Factors and Consequences of Cheating in University Examinations: Insight from Open and Distance Learning Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokula, Lebeloane Lazarus Donald; Lovemore, Nyaumwe

    2014-01-01

    The present study narrated the forms, factors and consequences of cheating in university examinations by UNISA Open and Distance learning students from anecdotal data. The results showed that the perpetrators mostly used crib materials on paper, ruler and calculator cover. The factors that influenced examination cheating were gender, age range and…

  8. How Do School Librarians Perceive Dispositions for Learning and Social Responsibility?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnone, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the implication of the study involving school librarians regarding how they perceive dispositions for learning and social responsibility. It also presents descriptive results of the most common areas discussed by participants, and provides anecdotal data from the transcripts and some subjective impressions of the researcher.…

  9. The Elephants Teach: Creative Writing since 1880

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, David Gershom

    2006-01-01

    When Vladimir Nabokov was up for a chair in literature at Harvard, the linguist Roman Jakobson protested: "What's next? Shall we appoint elephants to teach zoology?" That anecdote, with which D. G. Myers begins "The Elephants Teach", perfectly frames the issues this book tackles. Myers explores more than a century of debate over how writing should…

  10. In Memory of Dorothy Heathcote, MBE (29 August 1926 to 8 October 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxton, Juliana; Miller, Carole

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors aim to provide a multifaceted lens on to Dorothy Heathcote's enormous influence on the field of drama education. They choose to order the reminiscences historically, focusing on Heathcote's consistency of passion and purpose. The anecdotes, lesson descriptions, and reminiscences capture her voice, her energy, and her…

  11. Graphic Novels and Teacher Research in the Knowledge Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Gretchen

    2013-01-01

    Graphic novels offer an exciting new medium across the curriculum, but classroom research must be done. Anecdotal evidence is a start, but reform requires thoughtful study. Teachers are in the best place to do this research, as they have ready access, currency, and credibility. Teacher research on graphic novels, indeed all new media, is also…

  12. Dance and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munsell, Sonya E.; Bryant Davis, Kimberly E.

    2015-01-01

    Arts activities have been included in the educational curriculum of public schools for a number of years. Most often, course offerings in the arts consist of visual art, vocal music, and instrumental music classes. Although not as common, dance has also been included in the educational curriculum. Research and anecdotal evidence suggest that…

  13. Using "Monopoly" to Introduce Concepts of Race and Ethnic Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waren, Warren

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I suggest a technique which uses the familiar Parker Brother's game "Monopoly" to introduce core concepts of race and ethnic relations. I offer anecdotes from my classes where an abbreviated version of the game is used as an analog to highlight the sociological concepts of direct institutional discrimination, the legacy of…

  14. Women in Information Technology Literature Review: Recruitment, Retention and Persistence Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, LaDonna K.

    A review of the literature indicated that few empirical studies have been conducted on either what factors influence or what factors deter women from pursuing information technology (IT) careers. Much of the information that is available is anecdotal. Several studies have focused on broader areas of women in science and/or technology; however,…

  15. Weatherwords: The Hurricane Season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckley, Jim

    1991-01-01

    Information and anecdotes are provided for the following topics: the typical length of the hurricane season for the North Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico; specifics related to the practice of naming hurricanes; and categorical details related to the Saffir/Simpson scale for rating hurricane magnitude. (JJK)

  16. Reshoring and Insourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foerstl, Kai; Kirchoff, Jon; Bals, Lydia

    anecdotal evidence to theory-based analysis. Second, it seeks to provide an agenda for future research to further analyze the impact of reshoring and insourcing decisions on supply chain structures. Through an in-depth examination of the literature and grounded in TCE and OBB, a theoretical framework of...

  17. Corporate Bankruptcy Tourists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couwenberg, Oscar; Lubben, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    Foreign corporations facing financial distress have a choice: resructure in their home jurisdiction or file for bankruptcy in the United States. And some number of foreign corporations do file bankruptcy petitions in the United States. But besides the occasional anecdotal account, how frequently thi

  18. Outcomes from Building System Courseware for Teaching and Testing in a Discipline-Based Human Structure Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Frank D.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the educational benefits of system-based lecture notes and interactive learning objects in a peripheral nervous system component of a traditional first-year medical school human anatomy course. The impetus for the investigation was anecdotal evidence suggesting enhanced learner satisfaction with the learning resources.…

  19. The Problematic Relationship between Institutionalised Irish Terminology Development and the Gaeltacht Speech Community: Dynamics of Acceptance and Estrangement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni Ghearain, Helena

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses the findings of a study which investigated the hypothesis--based thus far on anecdotal evidence--that Irish speakers in traditional Gaeltacht areas do not accept official terminology planning, both in terms of their language practices and beliefs. While the findings provide some qualitative support for the hypothesis, in…

  20. Fostering incremental and radical innovation through performance-based contracting in buyer-supplier relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumo, Regien; van der Valk, Wendy; Bode, Christoph; van Weele, A.J.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose While anecdotal evidence suggests that performance-based contracts (PBCs) may foster innovation in buyer-supplier relationships, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is limited to date. This study draws on transaction cost economics and agency theory to develop a theoretical model

  1. Is Parental Alienation Disorder a Valid Concept? Not According to Scientific Evidence. A Review of "Parental Alienation, DSM-5 and ICD-11" by William Bernet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepiton, M. Brianna; Alvis, Lindsey J.; Allen, Kenneth; Logid, Gregory

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews a recent book arguing how a concept known as parental alienation syndrome--now parental alienation disorder--should be included in official psychiatric/psychological and medical classification diagnostic manuals. Anecdotal cases and opinion are presented as research and scientific evidence, and stories are presented as…

  2. Topographical ability in Developmental Prosopagnosia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klargaard, Solja; Starrfelt, Randi; Petersen, Anders;

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests a relation between impaired spatial (navigational) processing and developmental prosopagnosia (DP). To address this formally, we tested nine individuals with DP and 18 matched controls on a four-choice match-to-sample test of (concurrent) topographical perception...

  3. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (85th, Miami, Florida, August 5-8, 2002). Media Ethics Division.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The Media Ethics division of the proceedings contains the following 6 papers: "A Masochist's Teapot: Where to Put the Handle in Media Ethics" (Thomas W. Hickey); "Stalker-razzi and Sump-pump Hoses: The Role of the Media in the Death of Princess Diana" (Elizabeth Blanks Hindman); "The Promise and Peril of Anecdotes in News Coverage: An Ethical…

  4. Dramatizing Theories of Gender and Feminism with Children and Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halladay, Jette; Starr, Joan E.; Sitjar, Allyn; Brophy, Shannon; Korty, Carol

    1998-01-01

    Investigates what explicit and implicit theories of gender and feminism drive teachers' drama practices. Juxtaposes adults' anecdotal perceptions of gender with young people from preschool through high school in three different contexts: a university drama education classroom, an after-school drama class at a children's theatre, and a youth…

  5. Welfare assessment in transgenic pigs expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huber, Reinhard C.; Remuge, Liliana; Carlisle, Ailsa;

    2012-01-01

    Since large animal transgenesis has been successfully attempted for the first time about 25 years ago, the technology has been applied in various lines of transgenic pigs. Nevertheless one of the concerns with the technology—animal welfare—has not been approached through systematic assessment...... and statements regarding the welfare of transgenic pigs have been based on anecdotal observations during early stages of transgenic programs. The main aim of the present study was therefore to perform an extensive welfare assessment comparing heterozygous transgenic animals expressing GFP with wildtype animals...... months. The absence of significant differences between GFP and wildtype animals in the parameters observed suggests that the transgenic animals in question are unlikely to suffer from deleterious effects of transgene expression on their welfare and thus support existing anecdotal observations of pigs...

  6. Cannabis and Exercise Science: A Commentary on Existing Studies and Suggestions for Future Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillman, Arielle S; Hutchison, Kent E; Bryan, Angela D

    2015-10-01

    Policies regarding cannabis use are rapidly changing, yet public officials have limited access to scientific information that might inform the creation of these policies. One important area in which to begin investigations is the link between recreational cannabis use and health, specifically exercise. There are common anecdotal reports that cannabis decreases motivation, including motivation to exercise. On the other hand, there are also anecdotal reports that cannabis is used prior to athletic activity. In fact, the World Anti-Doping Agency includes cannabis as a prohibited substance in sport, partly because it is believed that it may enhance sports performance. At the current time, there is limited scientific evidence to support either one of these opposing lay perspectives. Given recent political, cultural, and legal trends, and the growing acceptance of recreational cannabis use, it is important to develop a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between cannabis and exercise, specifically the potential effects of use on exercise performance, motivation, and recovery. PMID:26178329

  7. Determination of the acute toxicity of isoniazid to three invasive carp species and rainbow trout in static exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreier, Theresa M.; Hubert, Terrance D.

    2015-01-01

    Three invasive fishes of considerable concern to aquatic resource managers are the Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp),Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp), and Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp), collectively known as Asian carps. There is a need for an effective chemical control agent for Asian carps. Isoniazid was identified as a potential toxicant for grass carp. The selective toxicity of isoniazid to grass carp was verified as a response to an anecdotal report received in 2013. In addition, the toxicity of isoniazid to bighead carp, silver carp, and Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) was evaluated. Isoniazid was not toxic to grass carp at the reported anecdotal concentration, which was 13 milligrams per liter. Isoniazid (130 milligrams per liter) was not selectively toxic to bighead carp, silver carp, or grass carp when compared to rainbow trout.

  8. Investigating aspects of explicitation in sometranslations of Sa'di's Golestan based on a parallel corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    محمد رضا پهلوان نژاد

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to test Explicitation Hypothesis using a parallel one-directional Persian-English corpus. To this end, ten anecdotes selected randomly form Sa'di's Golestan and their three English translations extracted from Gulistān's translations by Edward Rehatsek (2004, Edward B. Eastwick (1979, and James Ross (1890 were studied. The anecdotes and their translations were compared sentence by sentence to investigate aspects of explicitation and extract the explicitation cases using Klaudy's (2004 typology. The findings of the study confirmed the Explicitation Hypothesis and showed that all types of explicitation, namely obligatory, optional, pragmatic, and translation-inherent were used by the translators, with the obligatory explicitation having the highest frequency. Keywords: Explicitation Hypothesis, parallel corpus, Klaudy's typology, obligatory explicitation, optional explicitation, pragmatic explicitation, translation-inherent explicitation

  9. Cannabis and Exercise Science: A Commentary on Existing Studies and Suggestions for Future Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillman, Arielle S; Hutchison, Kent E; Bryan, Angela D

    2015-10-01

    Policies regarding cannabis use are rapidly changing, yet public officials have limited access to scientific information that might inform the creation of these policies. One important area in which to begin investigations is the link between recreational cannabis use and health, specifically exercise. There are common anecdotal reports that cannabis decreases motivation, including motivation to exercise. On the other hand, there are also anecdotal reports that cannabis is used prior to athletic activity. In fact, the World Anti-Doping Agency includes cannabis as a prohibited substance in sport, partly because it is believed that it may enhance sports performance. At the current time, there is limited scientific evidence to support either one of these opposing lay perspectives. Given recent political, cultural, and legal trends, and the growing acceptance of recreational cannabis use, it is important to develop a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between cannabis and exercise, specifically the potential effects of use on exercise performance, motivation, and recovery.

  10. Observational study on variability between biobanks in the estimation of DNA concentration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McArdle Wendy

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is little confidence in the consistency of estimation of DNA concentrations when samples move between laboratories. Evidence on this consistency is largely anecdotal. Therefore there is a need first to measure this consistency among different laboratories and then identify and implement remedies. A pilot experiment to test logistics and provide initial data on consistency was therefore conceived. Methods DNA aliquots at nominal concentrations between 10 and 300 ng/μl were dispensed into the wells of 96-well plates by one participant - the coordinating centre. Participants estimated the concentration in each well and returned estimates to the coordinating centre. Results Considerable overall variability was observed among estimates. There were statistically significant differences between participants' measurements and between fluorescence emission and absorption spectroscopy. Conclusion Anecdotal evidence of variability in DNA concentration estimation has been substantiated. Reduction in variability between participants will require the identification of major sources of variation, specification of effective remedies and their implementation.

  11. Computer Algebra Recipes for Mathematical Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Enns, Richard H

    2005-01-01

    Over two hundred novel and innovative computer algebra worksheets or "recipes" will enable readers in engineering, physics, and mathematics to easily and rapidly solve and explore most problems they encounter in their mathematical physics studies. While the aim of this text is to illustrate applications, a brief synopsis of the fundamentals for each topic is presented, the topics being organized to correlate with those found in traditional mathematical physics texts. The recipes are presented in the form of stories and anecdotes, a pedagogical approach that makes a mathematically challenging subject easier and more fun to learn. Key features: * Uses the MAPLE computer algebra system to allow the reader to easily and quickly change the mathematical models and the parameters and then generate new answers * No prior knowledge of MAPLE is assumed; the relevant MAPLE commands are introduced on a need-to-know basis * All MAPLE commands are indexed for easy reference * A classroom-tested story/anecdote format is use...

  12. Dilatation of aortic grafts over time: what to expect and when to be concerned

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, Torben V; Eldrup, Nikolaj; Just, Sven;

    2009-01-01

    Dilatation of aortic prosthetic grafts is commonly reported, but most reports are anecdotal, with little objective data in the literature. We performed a prospective trial of 303 patients who underwent prosthetic graft repair for aortic aneurysm or occlusive disease, randomizing patients between ....... Interestingly, graft dilatation did not appear to be associated with an increased frequency of graft-related complications.......Dilatation of aortic prosthetic grafts is commonly reported, but most reports are anecdotal, with little objective data in the literature. We performed a prospective trial of 303 patients who underwent prosthetic graft repair for aortic aneurysm or occlusive disease, randomizing patients between...... insertion of a woven polyester or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) graft. Patients were followed with computed tomography and ultrasonography for up to 5 years in order to assess the frequency and magnitude of postoperative dilatation. Graft dilatation was documented in patients with polyester...

  13. An exploratory study on the user experience of foot reflexology therapy using reflexology artifacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okere, Hector Chimeremeze; Sulaiman, Suziah; Rambli, Dayang Rohaya Awang; Foong, Oi-Mean

    2015-07-01

    The reputation and significance of foot reflexology therapy has continuously been on the rise. It is currently widely used as a complementary therapy, for stress relief and a potential diagnostic tool. In the society nowadays, there exist a lot of reflexology artifacts that claim to be an alternative substitutes to the traditional foot reflexology practice since the practices promote relaxation and stress relief. However, there has been very little or no attention given towards the verification of such anecdote and the identification of the similarities, differences and opportunities these reflexology artifacts offer. This paper hence aims to address this issue through the exploration of the practices. The study examined the interactive nature of four different sets of common reflexology artifacts from both the patients' and the experts' perspective. Data were collected through audio recorded semi-structured interview. The study findings revealed answers to those anecdotes, highlighting the similarities, difference and opportunities these reflexology artifacts offer. Implications for future research were also discussed.

  14. Does the balance scorecard work: an empirical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Neely, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Commentators suggest that between 30 and 60% of large US firms have adopted the Balanced Scorecard, first described by Bob Kaplan and David Norton in their seminal Harvard Business Review paper of 1992 (Kaplan and Norton, 1992; Marr et al, 2004). Empirical evidence that explores the performance impact of the balanced scorecard, however, is extremely rare and much that is available is anecdotal at best. This paper reports a study that set out to explore the performance impact of...

  15. C. P. E. Bach "In Tormentis": Gout Pain and Body Language in the Fantasia in A major, H278 (1782)

    OpenAIRE

    Head, Matthew William

    2016-01-01

    In his Magazin der Musik, Carl Friedrich Cramer reported that C. P. E. Bach’s Fantasia in A major, H278 (1782), was composed during the agonies of gout. Tapping into a reported epidemic of this patrician malady among men of letters, Cramer’s anecdote invoked rich associations of sequestered suffering, withdrawal from public life, the pleasures of the table, genius, sexual (im)potency and humour. Reflecting contemporary nerve-based theories of sensation, Cramer aligned different types of physi...

  16. Effect of hydro-alcoholic root extract of Plumbago zeylanica l alone and its combination with aqueous leaf extract of Camellia sinensis on haloperidol induced parkinsonism in wistar rats

    OpenAIRE

    Ittiyavirah, Sibi P.; R., Ruby

    2014-01-01

    Background Herbal medicines have been used to treat PD in ancient medical systems in Asian countries such as India, China, Japan and Korea based on their own anecdotal or experience-based theories. Mucuna pruriens commonly known asvelvet beans, or cow itch, are used in case of spasms associated with Parkinsonism. Purpose To investigate the antiparkinsonism activity of hydro alcoholic root extract of P. zeylanica L (PZE) aloneand its combination withaqueous extract of C. sinensis leaves (AECS)...

  17. How Your Smartphone or Tablet Can Make You a Smarter Doc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Nancy J; Beattie, Jim

    2015-08-01

    Increasingly, physicians and medical students are integrating apps that run on smartphones and tablets into their clinical work. This article describes a small anecdotal study of app use among third-year University of Minnesota medical students and their faculty preceptors. We describe apps used by the students and physicians we interviewed and offer guidance for choosing apps that are reliable, useful and up to date. PMID:26455035

  18. Possession and carrying of firearms among suburban youth.

    OpenAIRE

    Sheley, J F; Brewer, V E

    1995-01-01

    Despite a growing body of anecdotal evidence suggesting the spread of firearms to suburban juvenile populations, most studies of firearm activity by juveniles focus either on urban youth or on nationally representative samples that blur urban and nonurban distinctions. This study represents the first systematic empirical investigation specifically of a suburban population of juveniles. The authors examine both ownership and carrying behaviors, distinguish types of handguns involved, and asses...

  19. New School Meal Regulations Increase Fruit Consumption and Do Not Increase Total Plate Waste

    OpenAIRE

    SCHWARTZ, MARLENE B.; Henderson, Kathryn E; Read, Margaret; Danna, Nicole; Ickovics, Jeannette R.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: The 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act required the USDA to update the nutrition standards of the National School Lunch Program. New policies were implemented in the 2012–2013 school year. These changes were followed by anecdotal reports of increased food waste. Empirical research is needed to reliably measure student intake and plate waste before and after this policy change. Methods: Food consumption and waste was collected annually from a cohort of middle school studen...

  20. THERAPEUTIC MDMA (ECSTASY): THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: A CLOUDY PAST & A HOPEFUL FUTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis, Donald D.

    2000-01-01

    This Paper will present a comprehensive review of the evolution of MDMA including the historical, legal and medical issues. Part I will present the history of ecstasy prior to its criminalization in 1986. Part II will analyze the legal issues and proceedings that resulted in MDMA's Schedule I placement. Part III will discuss recent clinical studies on ecstasy. Part IV will present several anecdotal reports from patients who have successfully used MDMA therapeutically. Part V will discuss the ...

  1. Jail management of arrestees/inmates enrolled in community methadone maintenance programs

    OpenAIRE

    Fiscella, Kevin; Moore, Andrew; Engerman, Judith; Meldrum, Sean

    2004-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that many jails fail to adequately detoxify arrestees/inmates who are enrolled in methadone programs, but there are few empirical data. The objective of this study was to assess how jails manage arrestees/inmates enrolled in methadone programs. A national survey of 500 jails in the United States was conducted. Surveys were mailed to the 200 largest jails in the country in addition to a random sample of 300 of the remaining jails (10% sample). Jails were specificall...

  2. Punishment and Coping in "Golden County": An Ethnography of Jail Living

    OpenAIRE

    Walker, Michael Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    A growing body of research has been dedicated to examining the effects of mass incarceration with particular emphasis on the lives of former prison inmates, their families, their communities, and their life chances post incarceration. This dissertation takes a different focus, looking at the everyday lives of inmates in a county jail system. Though often discussed anecdotally within studies of prisons, jails are distinct from other types of punishing institutions in terms of function, ameniti...

  3. The effect of improvisational music therapy on the treatment of depression: protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Punkanen Marko; Ala-Ruona Esa; Fachner Jörg; Gold Christian; Erkkilä Jaakko; Vanhala Mauno

    2008-01-01

    Background. Music therapy is frequently offered to individuals suffering from depression. Despite the lack of research into the effects of music therapy on this population, anecdotal evidence suggests that the results are rather promising. The aim of this study is to examine whether improvisational, psychodynamically orientated music therapy in an individual setting helps reduce symptoms of depression and improve other health-related outcomes. In particul...

  4. The Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics and Me--True Cooperation Based on True Friendship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Aike

    2004-01-01

    @@ I present a series of anecdotes illustrating the friendship and cooperation I have experienced with German scientists. As the sun's rays can be refracted in a tiny drop of water while a whole organism can be cloned from a single somatic cell, my own experiences depict the fruitful past, an encouraging present and a promising future for the flourishing long-term cooperation between the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Max Planck Society (MPS).

  5. Importance of phase unwrapping for the reconstruction of microwave tomographic images

    OpenAIRE

    Grzegorczyk, Tomasz M.; Meaney, Paul M.; Jeon, Soon Ik; Geimer, Shireen D.; Paulsen, Keith D.

    2011-01-01

    Microwave image reconstruction is typically based on a regularized least-square minimization of either the complex-valued field difference between recorded and modeled data or the logarithmic transformation of these field differences. Prior work has shown anecdotally that the latter outperforms the former in limited surveys of simulated and experimental phantom results. In this paper, we provide a theoretical explanation of these empirical findings by developing closed form solutions for the ...

  6. Increased Incidence of Loco-Regional Recurrences Among African American Women with Terminal Stage Breast Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Gerardo Colón-Otero; Sherry King; Vandelyn Smith; Carolyn Bieber; Julia Crook; Solberg, Lawrence A.; Robert Shannon; Perez, Edith A.

    2008-01-01

    A prospective analysis of women with terminal breast cancer admitted to CHNE from November 2006-August 2007 evaluated anecdotal observations that African American (AA) women are likelier than Caucasian women to evidence loco-regional recurrences (LRR). Women with terminal breast cancer who were admitted to CHNE, a not-for-profit hospice serving over 90% of Northeast Florida hospice patients, were eligible for participation. 134 terminal breast cancer patients were assessed by hospice nurses f...

  7. Crescent marketing, Muslim geographies and brand Islam: reflections from the JIMA Senior Advisory Board

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan A.J. Wilson; Belk, Russell W; Gary J Bamossy; Sandikci, Özlem; Kartajaya, Hermawan; Sobh, Rana; Liu, Jonathan; Scott, Linda

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – To bring together the thoughts and opinions of key members of the Journal of Islamic Marketing’s (JIMA) Editorial Team, regarding the recently branded phenomenon of Islamic marketing - in the interests of stimulating further erudition. Design/methodology/approach – The authors adopted an ‘eagle eye’ method to investigate this phenomenon: Where attempts were made to frame general principles and observations; alongside a swooping view of key anecdotal observations - in order to gr...

  8. Gender Equality in Muslim-Majority Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Gouda, Moamen; Potrafke, Niklas

    2016-01-01

    Discrimination has been documented against women in Muslim-majority countries. Constitutions differ among Muslim-majority countries. By using women’s rights indicators and exploiting cross-country variation, we find that discrimination against women is more pronounced in countries where Islam is the source of legislation. Constitutions changed in only four Muslim-majority countries since 1980. We discuss anecdotal evidence to what extent women’s rights changed as a consequence of new constitu...

  9. Inclusive Instructional Design: Creating a "Learner" Version of Instructional Design That Fosters Active Learner Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    The author notes: "A personal anecdote is an apt opening to this article. An assignment I once had called for assessing texts in a pre-med curriculum. In reviewing a calculus text, a subject in which I had no expertise then or now, I had trouble following an "explanation." I was able to identify where and why the text let me down.…

  10. A History of Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Bertone, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    Although dark matter is a central element of modern cosmology, the history of how it became accepted as part of the dominant paradigm is often ignored or condensed into a brief anecdotical account focused around the work of a few pioneering scientists. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with a broader historical perspective on the observational discoveries and the theoretical arguments that led the scientific community to adopt dark matter as an essential part of the standard cosmological model.

  11. Mental Accounting: A Closed-Form Alternative to the Black Scholes Model

    OpenAIRE

    Siddiqi, Hammad

    2013-01-01

    The principle of no arbitrage says that identical assets should offer the same returns. However, experimental and anecdotal evidence suggests that people often rely on analogy making while valuing assets. The principle of analogy making says that similar assets should offer the same returns. I show that the principle of analogy making generates a closed-form alternative to the Black Scholes formula that does not require a complete market. The new formula differs from the Black Scholes formula...

  12. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss: An update

    OpenAIRE

    Goravalingappa, Ravi; Bhattacharyya, Abir K.

    1997-01-01

    For many otolaryngologists the management of acute sensorineural hearing loss is an intuitive exercise. The ideas that govern a practice is as important as treating the patients and preventing progression of the disease; this has evolved by retrospective, anecdotal reports and clinical experience rather than through prospective research. To evaluate the current literature on management of such sensorineural hearing loss, a medline search of the topic was carried out and evidence based on rece...

  13. The Top 10 Reasons Children With Autism Deserve ABA

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Mary Beth

    2011-01-01

    We who advocate for applied behavior analysis (ABA) for children with autism spectrum disorders often construct our arguments based on the scientific evidence. However, the audience that most needs to hear this argument, that is, the parents of children, especially very young children, diagnosed with autism, may not be convinced by the science alone. This essay attempts to make the case for the multiple benefits of ABA intervention through the use of humor and anecdotes couched in a “Top Ten ...

  14. Investigation of Neurokinin‐1 Receptor Antagonism as a Novel Treatment for Chronic Bronchitis in Dogs

    OpenAIRE

    Grobman, M.; Reinero, C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Canine chronic bronchitis (CCB) results in cough lasting ≥2 months and airway inflammation. Adverse effects include risk of secondary infection associated with lifelong corticosteroid administration and prompt investigation into alternative therapies. Neurogenic pathways mediated by tachykinins that bind neurokinin (NK) 1 receptors may induce cough and airway inflammation. Maropitant,1 a NK‐1 receptor antagonist, has been advocated for treatment of CCB based on anecdotal improvemen...

  15. The business case: The missing link between information technology benefits and organisational strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Carl Marnewick

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Business cases are an integral part of information technology (IT) projects, providingthe linkage between the organisational strategies and the promised benefits. Most majorproject management standards and methodologies make reference to the business case andits intended usage.Problem investigated: The success of IT projects is measured based on the benefits they deliver; anecdotal evidence states that IT projects fail at an alarming rate. The benefits are promised in the business ca...

  16. FORESTLAND OWNERSHIP IN ONEIDA AND VILAS COUNTIES, WISCONSIN, 1975-1994

    OpenAIRE

    Klase, William M.; Guries, Raymond P

    1999-01-01

    Privately owned forests in the United States are being divided, roaded, and developed by increasing numbers of second-home buyers, retirees, and recreation enthusiasts. Forested parcels adjacent to or embedded in public land are considered especially desirable and a premium is being paid for the aesthetic or recreational amenities associated with such properties. However, virtually all information on variations in forestland prices in northern Wisconsin is anecdotal. One objective of this stu...

  17. Sensory Characterization of the Irritant Properties of Oleocanthal, a Natural Anti-Inflammatory Agent in Extra Virgin Olive Oils

    OpenAIRE

    Cicerale, Sara; Paul A S Breslin; Beauchamp, Gary K.; Keast, Russell S. J.

    2009-01-01

    Oleocanthal is an olive oil phenolic possessing anti-inflammatory activity. Anecdotal evidence suggests that oleocanthal elicits a stinging sensation felt only at the back of the throat (oropharynx). Due to this compound possessing potentially health-benefiting properties, investigation into the sensory aspects of oleocanthal is warranted to aid in future research. The important link between the perceptual aspects of oleocanthal and health benefits is the notion that variation in sensitivity ...

  18. Best Clinical Practices for Male Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: “Do No Harm”

    OpenAIRE

    Gallo-Silver, Les; Anderson, Christopher M; Romo, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    The health care literature describes treatment challenges and recommended alterations in practice procedures for female survivors of childhood sexual abuse, a subtype of adverse childhood experiences. Currently, there are no concomitant recommendations for best clinical practices for male survivors of childhood sexual abuse or other adverse clinical experiences. Anecdotal information suggests ways physicians can address the needs of adult male survivors of childhood sexual abuse by changes in...

  19. Possible neurologic effects of aspartame, a widely used food additive.

    OpenAIRE

    Maher, T J; Wurtman, R J

    1987-01-01

    The artificial sweetener aspartame (L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanyl-methyl ester), is consumed, primarily in beverages, by a very large number of Americans, causing significant elevations in plasma and, probably, brain phenylalanine levels. Anecdotal reports suggest that some people suffer neurologic or behavioral reactions in association with aspartame consumption. Since phenylalanine can be neurotoxic and can affect the synthesis of inhibitory monoamine neurotransmitters, the phenylalanine in asp...

  20. Mechanisms linking early life stress to adult health outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Shelley E.

    2010-01-01

    Research relating stress to health has progressed from anecdotal evidence in the 1930s and 1940s to complex multivariate models that identify underlying longitudinal mechanisms. Enduring questions that have guided our research are: How does the early life environment affect health outcomes into adulthood? How is the latent damage stored and what processes are set into motion that link early life stress to health disorders in the later years? An emerging perspective focuses on the accumulation...

  1. From black clouds to black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Narlikar, Jayant Vishnu

    2012-01-01

    This book presents in a simple style the success story of modern astrophysics -- how the application of known physics to models of stars can, together with the observational data, help us understand what stars are made of, how they live and how they die. The account is non-technical but scientifically accurate. It is interspersed with anecdotes and analogies to make the subject matter readable and understandable even to a lay reader with some basic scientific background.

  2. Ted Geballe: A lifetime of contributions to superconductivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, G.R.

    2015-07-15

    The editors have dedicated this special issue on superconducting materials “to Ted Geballe in honor of his numerous seminal contributions to the field of superconducting materials over more than 60 years, on the year of his 95th birthday.” Here, as an executive summary, are just a few highlights of his research in superconductivity, leavened with some anecdotes, and ending with some of Ted’s general insights and words of wisdom.

  3. Ted Geballe: A Lifetime of Contributions To Superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, G R

    2015-01-01

    The editors have dedicated this special issue on superconducting materials "to Ted Geballe in honor of his numerous seminal contributions to the field of superconducting materials over more than 60 years, on the year of his 95th birthday." Here, as an executive summary, are just a few highlights of his research in superconductivity, leavened with some anecdotes, and ending with some of Teds general insights and words of wisdom.

  4. Current concepts for oil decontamination of crush injuries: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Karimkhani, Chante; Amir, Mahsa; Dellavalle, Robert P.; Ipaktchi, Kyros

    2014-01-01

    This anecdotal, non-systematic review serves to explore the principles and methods of effective oil decontamination from cutaneous wounds, particularly crush injuries. The current expansion of the petroleum industry is necessary to meet increasing world demands for oil. Most stages of oil refining and applications involve significant injury risks, particularly for crush injuries that become contaminated with petroleum compounds. A literature review regarding a standard of care for effective c...

  5. Breaks and Convergence in U.S. Regional Crime Rates: Analysis of Their Presence and Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Steve Cook; Duncan Watson

    2013-01-01

    The literature examining the relative properties of U.S. regional crime rates is extended. Using a novel method, convergence in alternative classifications of crime is detected over the period 1965 to 2009. Subsequent statistical analysis identifies distinct epochs in the evolution of crime which match those noted anecdotally in the literature. The findings concerning convergence within these epochs prove interesting, with results found to vary both between the alternative crime classificatio...

  6. Disappearing Saccular Intracranial Aneurysms: Do They Really Disappear?

    OpenAIRE

    Jayakumar, P. N.; Ravishankar, S.; Balasubramaya, K.S.; Chavan, R.; Goyal, G

    2007-01-01

    Evolution and natural history of cerebral aneurysms is a dynamic process. Spontaneous regression in size or complete disappearance of an aneurysm is a known phenomenon, more commonly noted in giant intracranial aneurysms. However, reappearance or regrowth of such aneurysms is rare with few anecdotal reports. We report a series of four cases including one giant aneurysm, which either disappeared or regressed on sequential angiograms. Regrowth or reappearance of two of these previously disappea...

  7. Prevalence and associated factors of partially/non-immunization of under-five in Goma city, Democratic Republic of Congo: a community-based cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kabudi, André Mwanishayi; Lutala, Prosper Mukobelwa; Kazadi, Junior Mulaja; Bardella, Inis Jane

    2015-01-01

    Introduction At the East part of DRC, anecdotal reports are advancing several causes of unsuccessful campaigns of vaccination by the time going: rumors about use of vaccines for killing purpose, injection of vaccine to decrease the reproductive potential in coming generations, use of vaccines by some rebellions and neighboring countries to kill children indirectly, ineffectiveness of vaccines currently on the market. While those rumors seem to be less reliable, potential beneficiaries are tak...

  8. Do Interest Groups Affects US Immigration Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanni Facchini; Anna Maria Mayda; Prachi Mishra

    2008-01-01

    While anecdotal evidence suggests that interest groups play a key role in shaping immigration policy, there is no systematic empirical analysis of this issue. In this paper, we construct an industry-level dataset for the United States, by combining information on the number of temporary work visas with data on lobbying activity associated with immigration. We find robust evidence that both pro- and anti-immigration interest groups play a statistically significant and economically relevant rol...

  9. The feasibility of a fiber optic laser approach to relieving lymphedematous syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Palmieri B; Di Cerbo A; Rottigni V; Fistetto G; Iannitti T

    2013-01-01

    Beniamino Palmieri,1,2 Alessandro Di Cerbo,1,2 Valentina Rottigni,1,2 Gregorio Fistetto,2 Tommaso Iannitti2,31University of Modena, Department of General Surgery and Surgical Specialties, 2Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere, Modena, Italy; 3University of Kentucky, Department of Physiology, Lexington, KY, USAAbstract: Here we report a case of successful fiber optic laser treatment of lymphedema in a swollen arm post mastectomy. At the moment, this procedure has only anecdotal evidence to justi...

  10. Fixation conditions for DNA and RNA in situ hybridization: a reassessment of molecular morphology dogma.

    OpenAIRE

    Tbakhi, A.; Totos, G.; Hauser-Kronberger, C.; Pettay, J.; Baunoch, D; Hacker, G. W.; Tubbs, R. R.

    1998-01-01

    Neutral buffered formalin (NBF) (4% neutral buffered formaldehyde) has been advocated by most investigators as the primary fixative of choice for in situ hybridization (ISH), and specific anecdotal cautions interdicting the use of precipitating fixatives, which otherwise may offer certain advantages such as superior nuclear detail, are common. Few systematic studies addressing ISH fixation conditions have been published. We reasoned that heavy metals present in some precipitating fixatives ma...

  11. Unlocking the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Fiş, Ahmet Murat; Fis, Ahmet Murat; Çetindamar, Dilek; Cetindamar, Dilek

    2009-01-01

    Corporate entrepreneurship is the implementation of a value creation process in an organizational setting. Consistent with the Schumpeterian understanding of entrepreneurship, a "new combination" that should directly affect the performance of the firm is formed; and the process of forming this new combination manifests itself as an outcome of a complex social mechanism affected by internal and external factors. However, in spite of the biasing anecdotal evidence, conventional wisdom, and tend...

  12. Unlocking the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Fiş, Ahmet Murat; Fis, Ahmet Murat

    2009-01-01

    Corporate entrepreneurship is the implementation of a value creation process in an organizational setting. Consistent with the Schumpeterian understanding of entrepreneurship, a “new combination” that should directly affect the performance of the firm is formed; and the process of forming this new combination manifests itself as an outcome of a complex social mechanism affected by internal and external factors. However, in spite of the biasing anecdotal evidence, conventional wisdom, and tend...

  13. What Butterfly Effect? The Contextual Differences in Public Perceptions of the Health Risk Posed by Climate Change

    OpenAIRE

    James W. Stoutenborough; Kellee J. Kirkpatrick; M. Jeremy Field; Arnold Vedlitz

    2015-01-01

    One of the most difficult aspects of persuading the public to support climate change policy is the lack of recognition that climate change will likely have a direct impact on an individual’s life. Anecdotal evidence and arguments within the media suggest that those who are skeptical of climate change are more likely to believe that the negative externalities associated with climate change will be experienced by others, and, therefore, are not a concern to that individual. This project examine...

  14. Occlusion for implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in partially edentulous patients: a literature review and current concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Sukotjo, Cortino

    2013-01-01

    Implant treatment has become the treatment of choice to replace missing teeth in partially edentulous areas. Dental implants present different biological and biomechanical characteristics than natural teeth. Occlusion is considered to be one of the most important factors contributing to implant success. Most literature on implant occlusal concepts is based on expert opinion, anecdotal experiences, in vitro and animal studies, and only limited clinical research. Furthermore, scientific literat...

  15. Improving Statistics on International Migration in Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo, Graeme

    2006-01-01

    International migration has reached unprecedented scale, diversity and political, economic, social and demographic significance in Asia over the last decade. Despite this data collection of migrant stocks and flows remains very limited in most Asian countries. Accordingly, policy making on migration in the region lacks an evidence base and is influenced by interest groups, anecdotal evidence and prejudice. This paper argues that the heightened security consciousness since 911 together with th...

  16. Nevill Mott reminiscences and appreciations

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, E A

    1998-01-01

    Sir Nevill Mott was Britain''s last Winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics. This is a tribute to the life and work of Nobel Laureate Nevill Mott, a hugely admired and appreciated man, and one of this countries greatest ever scientists. It includes contributions from over 80 of his friends, family and colleagues, full of anecdotes and appreciations for this collossus of modern physics.

  17. Functional Rehabilitation of Low Back Pain With Core Stabilizations Exercises: Suggestions for Exercises and Progressions in Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Joshua

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Low back pain is very common in the adult population and accounts for more time lost form work than other diagnoses. It also affects athlete's at all different levels of competition and results in missed practice and game time. Diagnosing and treating a specific pathology is often difficult and because clinical evaluation and raidologic studies are often unable to find a root cause. A popular treatment approach with a high volume of anecdotal evidence is the use of core stabiliz...

  18. Amplifying applied game development and uptake

    OpenAIRE

    Hollins, Paul; WESTERA, Wim; Manero, Borja

    2015-01-01

    The established (digital) leisure game industry is historically one dominated by large international hardware vendors (e.g. Sony, Microsoft and Nintendo), major publishers and supported by a complex network of development studios, distributors and retailers. New modes of digital distribution and development practice are challenging this business model and the leisure games industry landscape is one experiencing rapid change. The established (digital) leisure games industry, at least anecdotal...

  19. A New Method for Noninvasive Genetic Sampling of Saliva in Ecological Research

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Lobo; Raquel Godinho; Francisco Álvares; López-Bao, José V.; Alejandro Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Noninvasive samples for genetic analyses have become essential to address ecological questions. Popular noninvasive samples such as faeces contain degraded DNA which may compromise genotyping success. Saliva is an excellent alternative DNA source but scarcity of suitable collection methods makes its use anecdotal in field ecological studies. We develop a noninvasive method of collection that combines baits and porous materials able to capture saliva. We report its potential in optimal conditi...

  20. Clinical Testing for Extra-Articular Lateral Knee Pain. A Modification and Combination of Traditional Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Knee pain is one of the most common problems encountered by recreational and competitive athletes. Pain over the lateral aspect of the knee can be the result of intra or extra articular conditions. The purpose of this clinical suggestion is to present the modification of a traditional clinical test to aide in the differential diagnosis of lateral knee pain. This method has not been described elsewhere and anecdotally has been helpful in the evaluation of patients with lateral knee pain. PMID:21509133

  1. Dronabinol has preferential antileukemic activity in acute lymphoblastic and myeloid leukemia with lymphoid differentiation patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Kampa-Schittenhelm, Kerstin Maria; Salitzky, Olaf; Akmut, Figen; Illing, Barbara; Kanz, Lothar; Salih, Helmut Rainer; Schittenhelm, Marcus Matthias

    2016-01-01

    Background It has been previously demonstrated in several cancer models, that Dronabinol (THC) may have anti-tumor activity – however, controversial data exists for acute leukemia. We have anecdotal evidence that THC may have contributed to disease control in a patient with acute undifferentiated leukemia. Methods To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the antileukemic efficacy of THC in several leukemia cell lines and native leukemia blasts cultured ex vivo. Expression analysis for the CB1/2 ...

  2. Cardiovascular physiology and diseases of the rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pariaut, Romain

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews what is known about the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular diseases in the pet rabbit. Current knowledge is based on anecdotal reports, derived from research data using the rabbit as an animal model of human cardiovascular diseases, but most importantly canine and feline cardiology. It is likely that, as cardiovascular diseases are more often recognized, more specific information will soon become available for the treatment of the pet rabbit with cardiac disease.

  3. Foucault's Reading in American Dreams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆香花

    2011-01-01

    Peter Carey is a prominent novelist in Australia, who has won two Booker Prizes. American Dreams is one of the successful short stories, telling an anecdote in Australian small town: Mr. Gleason, the protagonist, secretly constructs an artful model of the town which later becomes a tourist attraction for Americans. The townsfolk's life and attitudes towards Americans before and after the event have great changes.

  4. Dreaming and insight

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Christopher L; Perrine Marie RUBY; Malinowski, Josie E.; Bennett, Paul D.; Blagrove, Mark T.

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses claims that dreams can be a source of personal insight. Whereas there has been anecdotal backing for such claims, there is now tangential support from findings of the facilitative effect of sleep on cognitive insight, and of REM sleep in particular on emotional memory consolidation. Furthermore, the presence in dreams of metaphorical representations of waking life indicates the possibility of novel insight as an emergent feature of such metaphorical mappings. In order to ...

  5. Exploring trust relationships during times of change

    OpenAIRE

    Hartmut Von der Ohe; Nico Martins

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: In the current economic climate and the resulting fast-changing global business and political environment, trust among different role players in organisations has become critical for survival.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the impact of different variables such as demographics on trust relationships in South African organisations.Motivation for the study: Anecdotal evidence and preliminary data collected for a national trust indicator seemed to sugge...

  6. EEG Neurofeedback as a Tool to Modulate Creativity in Music Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Leach, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    For millennia, anecdotal reports have described how creative insights have been experienced during the transition from wake to sleep (hypnagogia). In the 1970’s, it was reported that the fleeting moments in which hypnagogia and creativity interact are accompanied by characteristic neuroelectric activity, which is disclosed by a specific feature of the Electroencephalogram (EEG): the increase of spectral power in the theta range (5–8 Hz) in relation to alpha (8–11 Hz). Consequently, prior rese...

  7. Herzberg, hygiene and the motivation to reuse: Towards a three-factor theory to explain motivation to share and use OER

    OpenAIRE

    Pegler, Chris

    2012-01-01

    The list of barriers and enablers that influence the use of open educational resources (OER) is extensive. Factors and influences relating to reuse may have been noted within projects, operating within a short time span, or within specific conditions which limit generalizability. Evidence of reuse in practice has often emerged as isolated examples or anecdotes. Which factors are the most significant and which have impact or influence on reuse, and other factors, is largely unexplored. While t...

  8. Parental Reports on Touch Screen Use in Early Childhood

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandrina Cristia; Amanda Seidl

    2015-01-01

    Touch screens are increasingly prevalent, and anecdotal evidence suggests that young children are very drawn towards them. Yet there is little data regarding how young children use them. A brief online questionnaire queried over 450 French parents of infants between the ages of 5 and 40 months on their young child’s use of touch-screen technology. Parents estimated frequency of use, and further completed several checklists. Results suggest that, among respondent families, the use of touch scr...

  9. Observations on Abundance of Bluntnose Sixgill Sharks, Hexanchus griseus, in an Urban Waterway in Puget Sound, 2003-2005

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Griffing; Shawn Larson; Joel Hollander; Tim Carpenter; Jeff Christiansen; Charles Doss

    2014-01-01

    The bluntnose sixgill shark, Hexanchus griseus, is a widely distributed but poorly understood large, apex predator. Anecdotal reports of diver-shark encounters in the late 1990's and early 2000's in the Pacific Northwest stimulated interest in the normally deep-dwelling shark and its presence in the shallow waters of Puget Sound. Analysis of underwater video documenting sharks at the Seattle Aquarium's sixgill research site in Elliott Bay and mark-resight techniques were used to answer resear...

  10. Bromelain Treatment Decreases Secretion of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines by Colon Biopsies In Vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Onken, Jane E.; Greer, Paula K.; Calingaert, Brian; Hale, Laura P.

    2007-01-01

    Oral bromelain has been anecdotally reported to decrease inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC). Proteolytically active bromelain is known to decrease expression of mRNAs encoding pro-inflammatory cytokines by human leukocytes in vitro. To assess the effect of bromelain on mucosal secretion of cytokines in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), endoscopic colon biopsies from patients with UC, Crohn’s disease (CD), and non-IBD controls were treated in vitro with bromelain or media, then cultured. ...

  11. Cytotoxic effects of bromelain in human gastrointestinal carcinoma cell lines (MKN45, KATO-III, HT29-5F12, and HT29-5M21)

    OpenAIRE

    Amini A; Ehteda A; Masoumi Moghaddam S; Akhter J; Pillai K; Morris DL

    2013-01-01

    Afshin Amini, Anahid Ehteda, Samar Masoumi Moghaddam, Javed Akhter, Krishna Pillai, David Lawson Morris Department of Surgery, St George Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Background: Bromelain is a pineapple stem extract with a variety of therapeutic benefits arising from interaction with a number of different biological processes. Several preclinical studies and anecdotal clinical observations have reported the anticancer properties of bromelain. In the present...

  12. RNA interference in Lepidoptera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terenius, Ole; Papanicolaou, Alexie; Garbutt, Jennie S.;

    2011-01-01

    Gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi) has revolutionized the study of gene function, particularly in non-model insects. However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many times proven to be difficult to achieve. Most of the negative results have been anecdotal and the positive...... public database at http://insectacentral.org/RNAi will continue to gather information on RNAi experiments. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved....

  13. Nurses' perceptions and experiences of communication in the operating theatre: a focus group interview

    OpenAIRE

    Kidd Jane; Nestel Debra

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Nurses' perceptions and experiences of communication in the operating theatre: a focus group interview Background Communication programmes are well established in nurse education. The focus of programmes is most often on communicating with patients with less attention paid to inter-professional communication or skills essential for working in specialised settings. Although there are many anecdotal reports of communication within the operating theatre, there are few empirical studies....

  14. Effects of a Tart Cherry Juice Beverage on the Sleep of Older Adults with Insomnia: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Pigeon, Wilfred R.; Carr, Michelle; Gorman, Colin; Perlis, Michael L.

    2010-01-01

    This study ascertained whether a proprietary tart cherry juice blend (CherryPharm, Inc., Geneva, NY, USA) associated with anecdotal reports of sleep enhancement improves subjective reports of insomnia compared to a placebo beverage. The pilot study used a randomized, double-blind, crossover design where each participant received both treatment and placebo for 2 weeks with an intervening 2-week washout period. Sleep continuity (sleep onset, wake after sleep onset, total sleep time, and sleep e...

  15. A United States Market Entry Analysis for a New Medical Device

    OpenAIRE

    Doerfling, Paul; Inouye, Sarah; Poznanski, Leon

    2008-01-01

    This report provides an analysis of the market opportunities for a medical device developed by io, a New Zealand based company. The device simulates a high altitude, low oxygen environment to encourage the body to develop more red blood cells. Potential medical benefits derived from anecdotal sources have encouraged the company to begin clinical trials to determine efficacy as a medical device. Before committing to a beachhead market, io is interested in understanding the business opportuniti...

  16. The role of rose hip (Rosa canina L) powder in alleviating arthritis pain and inflammation – part II animal and human studies

    OpenAIRE

    Marstrand, Kristian

    2016-01-01

    Kristian Marstrand,1 Joan Campbell-Tofte2 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Elverum Hospital, Elverum, Norway; 2Coordinating Research Unit, Frederiksberg University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract: Rosa canina fruits (often known as rose hip) have been used in herbal remedies since ancient times. On the basis of anecdotal reports about the effects of rose hip preparations on human health and citations to the same in ancient texts, in vitro and in vivo studies have bee...

  17. The role of rose hip (Rosa canina L) powder in alleviating arthritis pain and inflammation – part II animal and human studies

    OpenAIRE

    Marstr; De, K.; Campbell-Tofte J

    2016-01-01

    Kristian Marstrand,1 Joan Campbell-Tofte2 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Elverum Hospital, Elverum, Norway; 2Coordinating Research Unit, Frederiksberg University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract: Rosa canina fruits (often known as rose hip) have been used in herbal remedies since ancient times. On the basis of anecdotal reports about the effects of rose hip preparations on human health and citations to the same in ancient texts, in vitro and in vivo studies have bee...

  18. Solving the counter-terrorist puzzle after the El Masri verdict and Smilkovci terrorist attack: legal and strategic considerations for the South East European intelligence community

    OpenAIRE

    Hadji-Janev, Metodi

    2014-01-01

    Both anecdotal and empirical evidences confirm that the complex political, ethnic and religious dynamics in the region of South East Europe (SEE) create the perfect environment for radical groups and individuals affiliated with Al Qaeda and its goals. Supported by their strategic western partners and allies SEE countries have seriously considered threats from modern terrorism. Hence, active involvement in the global counter-terrorist efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq and intelligence cooperatio...

  19. Cancer, Infant Mortality and Birth Sex-Ratio in Fallujah, Iraq 2005–2009

    OpenAIRE

    Malak Hamdan; Entesar Ariabi; Chris Busby

    2010-01-01

    There have been anecdotal reports of increases in birth defects and cancer in Fallujah, Iraq blamed on the use of novel weapons (possibly including depleted uranium) in heavy fighting which occurred in that town between US led forces and local elements in 2004. In Jan/Feb 2010 the authors organised a team of researchers who visited 711 houses in Fallujah, Iraq and obtained responses to a questionnaire in Arabic on cancer, birth defects and infant mortality. The total population in the resulti...

  20. A moderate dose of alcohol does not influence experience of social ostracism in hazardous drinkers

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph OL Buckingham; Abigail eMoss; Krisztina eGyure; Neil eRalph; Chandni eHindocha; Will eLawn; H Valerie eCurran; Freeman, Tom P.

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal and correlational evidence suggests a relationship between social ostracism and alcohol dependence. Furthermore, a recent fMRI investigation found differences in the neural correlates associated with ostracism in people with alcohol dependence compared to healthy controls. We predicted that acutely administered alcohol would reduce the negative effects of social ostracism. Alcohol (0.4g/kg) or matched placebo was administered to a sample of 32 hazardous drinkers over two sessions i...

  1. A Moderate Dose of Alcohol Does Not Influence Experience of Social Ostracism in Hazardous Drinkers

    OpenAIRE

    J. Buckingham; Moss, A; Gyure, K.; Ralph, N.; Hindocha, C.; Lawn, W.; Curran, H V; Freeman, T P

    2016-01-01

    Anecdotal and correlational evidence suggests a relationship between social ostracism and alcohol dependence. Furthermore, a recent fMRI investigation found differences in the neural correlates associated with ostracism in people with alcohol dependence compared to healthy controls. We predicted that acutely administered alcohol would reduce the negative effects of social ostracism. Alcohol (0.4 g/kg) or matched placebo was administered to a sample of 32 hazardous drinkers over two sessions i...

  2. Striking reduction of amyloid plaque burden in an Alzheimer's mouse model after chronic administration of carmustine

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, Crystal D.; Dey, Debleena; Palavicini, Juan Pablo; Wang, Hongjie; Patkar, Kshitij A; Minond, Dimitriy; Nefzi, Adel; Lakshmana, Madepalli K.

    2013-01-01

    Background Currently available therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) do not treat the underlying cause of AD. Anecdotal observations in nursing homes from multiple studies strongly suggest an inverse relationship between cancer and AD. Therefore, we reasoned that oncology drugs may be effective against AD. Methods We screened a library of all the FDA-approved oncology drugs and identified bis-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU or carmustine) as an effective amyloid beta (Aβ) reducing compound. To ...

  3. Information Competence at UCLA: Report of a Survey Project

    OpenAIRE

    Caravello, Patti S.; Borah, Eloisa Gomez; Herschman, Judith; Mitchell, Eleanor

    2001-01-01

    Librarians have long had anecdotal evidence that undergraduates do not possess adequate information skills for some of the coursework they are required to complete. To obtain an objective measure of their information competence, the UCLA Library's Instructional Services Advisory Committee (ISAC) conducted an assessment project. The committee created a list of competencies and a survey instrument, which was administered to a sample of 453 undergraduates in Spring 1999. This report explains...

  4. Mathematical methods for physical and analytical chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Goodson, David Z

    2011-01-01

    Mathematical Methods for Physical and Analytical Chemistry presents mathematical and statistical methods to students of chemistry at the intermediate, post-calculus level. The content includes a review of general calculus; a review of numerical techniques often omitted from calculus courses, such as cubic splines and Newton's method; a detailed treatment of statistical methods for experimental data analysis; complex numbers; extrapolation; linear algebra; and differential equations. With numerous example problems and helpful anecdotes, this text gives chemistry students the mathematical

  5. RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA: CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD

    OpenAIRE

    Dua Pradeep; Dua Pamila

    2012-01-01

    The science of Ayurveda is based on sound principles of its philosophy and not on mysticism, magic and anecdotes. Ayurveda is based on its unique principles of health and disease. The theories of Ayurveda (Siddhanta) were established by many ancient sages after rigorous testing in several ways and proving the same with reasoning. Ayurveda, the world’s most comprehensive, personalized; holistic and sustainable health system based on sound philosophical and scientific principles, is now poised...

  6. Papillary tumor of the pineal region with extended clinical and radiologic follow-up

    OpenAIRE

    Shakir, Hakeem J.; Jingxin Qiu; Dheerendra Prasad; Mechtler, Laszlo L.; Fenstermaker, Robert A.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR) is a rare neoplasm with only anecdotal data to guide the treatment. Results of treatment with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy have been reported to have varying degrees of success. Here we report a patient with a PTPR, who underwent subtotal resection, gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery, and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy. Case Description: During 9 years of clinical and radiographic follow-up, the patient has had...

  7. Managing Option Trading Risk with Greeks when Analogy Making Matters

    OpenAIRE

    Siddiqi, Hammad

    2013-01-01

    There are various types of risk associated with trading options. Traders typically manage such risks with the help of various partial derivatives of option prices known as Greeks. Experimental and anecdotal evidence suggests that mental accounting matters in the valuation of options. Mental accounting changes the values of Greeks significantly with crucial implications for risk management. I show that for a call option, delta-risk is under-estimated, gamma risk is over-estimated, and the valu...

  8. Plagiarism In English Language Theses In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Like Raskova Octaberlina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that plagiarism in Indonesia exists due to some reasons. The reasons range from the requirements on the part of the students to adhere to uniformity in terms of thesis format to failure on the part of the government to effectively enforce a regulation dealing with plagiarism. Anecdotal observations as a student in one Indonesian university will give color to the discussion throughout this article. A recommendation to subdue plagiarism in Indonesia will conclude the article.

  9. Impact of calcium on salivary α-amylase activity, starch paste apparent viscosity and thickness perception

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Cecile

    2011-01-01

    Thickness perception of starch-thickened products during eating has been linked to starch viscosity and salivary amylase activity. Calcium is an essential cofactor for α-amylase and there is anecdotal evidence that adding extra calcium affects amylase activity in processes like mashing of beer. The aims of this paper were to (1) investigate the role of salivary calcium on α-amylase activity and (2) to measure the effect of calcium concentration on apparent viscosity and thic...

  10. Hubungan Kebiasaan Olahraga dengan Dismenore pada Siswi SMA Santo Thomas 1 Medan Tahun 2011/2012.

    OpenAIRE

    Thing, Toh Chia

    2012-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among women during childbearing age. The primary dysmenorrhea is the pain sensation of lower abdomen during menstruation, but it does not relate to the physical cause. The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea tends to be higher in young ladies than in older women. In general, anecdotal believes that exercise is beneficial and efficient in reducing the dysmenorrhea. However, only a few studies can prove this fact and the scientific li...

  11. Managing severe burn injuries: challenges and solutions in complex and chronic wound care

    OpenAIRE

    Jeschke, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Alan D Rogers, Marc G Jeschke Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Abstract: Encountered regularly by health care providers across both medical and surgical fields and an increasing socioeconomic burden globally, wound care is severely neglected. Practice is heavily influenced by anecdote rather than evidence-based protocols and industry-biased lite...

  12. Managing severe burn injuries: challenges and solutions in complex and chronic wound care

    OpenAIRE

    AD Rogers; MG, Jeschke

    2016-01-01

    Alan D Rogers, Marc G Jeschke Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Abstract: Encountered regularly by health care providers across both medical and surgical fields and an increasing socioeconomic burden globally, wound care is severely neglected. Practice is heavily influenced by anecdote rather than evidence-based protocols and industry-biased literatu...

  13. A Chemical-Medical Mystery: Gold Jewelry and Black Marks on Skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebbekus, Barbara B.

    2000-10-01

    Gold jewelry at times makes a black mark or smudge on skin. This may be caused by abrasive powders on the skin (e.g. zinc oxide) but the phenomenon may also be caused by other skin conditions, possibly the presence of chloride ion, acidity, or sulfur-containing amino acids. Some anecdotal evidence is published, but properly designed studies to clarify the actual causes are not available.

  14. Expatriate assignments and intra-organizational career success: implications for individuals and organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Mark C Bolino

    2007-01-01

    Anecdotal accounts and reports in the popular press often suggest that international assignments are critical for employees who seek to move up the career ladder more quickly. Nevertheless, previous research on repatriation indicates that many former expatriates feel that their overseas assignments have harmed, rather than helped, their careers. Relatively little research, though, has sought to understand how expatriate assignments might be related to career success. This paper, then, present...

  15. The development and empirical testing of a pressure/ response model of green supply chain management amongst a cross-sectoral sample of members of The Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply.

    OpenAIRE

    Holt, Diane Lesley

    2005-01-01

    This study develops and empirically tests a model of factors determining green supply chain management practices in organisations. Previous research on aspects of green supply chain management is dominated by anecdotal, sector specific studies that examine specific aspects of the supply chain, such as purchasing or logistics. Many argue this field is embryonic and lacking a structured integrative framework of research. This study addresses this gap by focussing on a whole supply chain appr...

  16. An Epidemiologic Approach to the Study of Aerosolized Florida Red Tides

    OpenAIRE

    Fleming, Lora E.; Backer, Lorraine C.; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Clark, Richard; Dalpra, Dana; Johnson, David R.; Bean, Judy A.; Cheng, Yung Sung; Benson, Janet; Squicciarrini, Dominick; Abraham, William M.; Pierce, Richard; Zaias, Julia; Naar, Jerome; Weisman, Richard

    2004-01-01

    Very little has been published in the scientific literature on the human health effects of Florida red tide, either as human clinical case reports or formal epidemiologic studies. In addition to the health effects associated with the ingestion of contaminated shellfish, there have been multiple anecdotal reports of respiratory irritation and possible immunologic effects associated with the inhalation of aerosolized Florida red tide. To investigate the human health effects from environmental e...

  17. Employment in Chinese MNEs: appraising the Dragon’s gift to sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Terence

    2012-01-01

    China’s international engagement is changing geopolitical dynamics to an extent that Western governments appear concerned. Negative reports of this engagement in Africa abound, not least in the area of employment relations and HRM. Yet currently there is a lack of serious management research and theory development in this area, leaving international HR managers to rely on anecdotal information. The way Chinese management engage with African workforces may be quite different to Western manager...

  18. Employment in Chinese MNEs: appraising the dragon's gift to sub-saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Terence

    2014-01-01

    China’s international engagement is changing geopolitical dynamics to an extent that Western government feel under threat. Negative reports of this engagement in Africa abound, not least in the area of employment relations and HRM. Yet currently there is a lack of serious academic research in this area, leaving international HR managers to rely on anecdotal information. The way Chinese management engage with African workforces may be quite different to Western managers. The current work sugge...

  19. THE EXPERIENTIAL INGREDIENT IN COLLEGE LEARNING (A PHYSICAL EDUCATOR'S PERSPECTIVE)

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Fernando Aragón Vargas

    2012-01-01

    This editorial is an essay, reflecting on the role that experiences play in the learning process of college students. A small collection of anecdotes is used to illustrate a few basic concepts of experiential learning: the danger of incomplete learning resulting in a false sense of security; the importance of the intriguing question and how that intriguing question translates into the teaching of sports and physical education skills; the power of emotions in the learning process; the extensio...

  20. "I'm on it 24/7 at the moment" : A qualitative examination of multi-screen viewing behaviours among UK 10-11 year olds

    OpenAIRE

    Cillero Itziar; Gorely Trish; Sebire Simon J; Jago Russell; Biddle Stuart JH

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Screen-viewing has been associated with increased body mass, increased risk of metabolic syndrome and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents. There is a shortage of information about the nature of contemporary screen-viewing amongst children especially given the rapid advances in screen-viewing equipment technology and their widespread availability. Anecdotal evidence suggests that large numbers of children embrace the multi-functionality of current ...

  1. Evaluation of Kinesiophobia and Its Correlations with Pain and Fatigue in Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Hypermobility Type

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Celletti; Marco Castori; Giuseppe La Torre; Filippo Camerota

    2013-01-01

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type a. k. a. joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS/EDS-HT) is a hereditary musculoskeletal disorder associating generalized joint hypermobility with chronic pain. Anecdotal reports suggest a prominent role for kinesiophobia in disease manifestations, but no study has systematically addressed this point. Objective. To investigate the impact of kinesiophobia and its relationship with pain, fatigue, and quality of life in JHS/EDS-HT. Design. Cross-sectional stud...

  2. Therapeutic touch for healing acute wounds

    OpenAIRE

    O'Mathuna, Donal; Ashford, Robert L

    2012-01-01

    Background Therapeutic Touch (TT) is an alternative therapy that has gained popularity over the past two decades for helping wounds to heal. Practitioners enter ameditative state and pass their hands above the patient’s body to find and correct any imbalances in the patient’s ’life energy’ or chi. Scientific instruments have been unable to detect this energy. The effect of TT on wound healing has been expounded in anecdotal publications. Objectives To identify and review all relevant...

  3. Talking about torque: Measuring pack accessibility - A review

    OpenAIRE

    Yoxall, A.; Rowson, J

    2015-01-01

    Vacuum lug closures are a simple, reliable and low-cost packaging option used for the protection and promotion of jams, pickles and sauces. Several surveys and anecdotal evidence suggest that packaging of this type can be notoriously difficult to open. Given the difficulty that packaging of this type may pose, there has been significant academic research in understanding the difficulties associated with accessing packaging of this type. In response to the qualitative data gathered in these su...

  4. Cancer Lung: Cure/Long Term Control Following Polyherbal Interventions- A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Verma, P.; B. R. Pandey; M. Bhalla; P. Raghuvanshi

    2012-01-01

    At present, there is no specific treatment aimed at cure of human lung cancer, a kind of most lethal cancers. Modern allopathy provides only temporary relief of symptoms or severity when used in the form of medicines, radiotherapy or chemotherapy at the cost of moderate to severe side-effects while long term survival or complete cures are anecdotal. It is also well known that surgical interventions, chemo and radiotherapies have failed consistently to cure many varieties of cancers. This hope...

  5. Clutter Management for Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

    OpenAIRE

    Kalina, J. Tamar

    2014-01-01

    Background: Although there is substantial anecdotal evidence that clutter is common among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), the literature contains no reports of studies on the actual prevalence of the problem or its impact on functional performance in this population. Clutter promotes confusion and places individuals in potentially dangerous situations by increasing their risks of falling, losing medications, and misplacing important documents. In addition, it may negatively affect activi...

  6. Can the FIFA world cup football (soccer) tournament be associated with an increase in domestic abuse?

    OpenAIRE

    Kirby, Stuart; Francis, Brian; O'Flahery, Rosalie

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to establish whether empirical evidence exists to support the anecdotal view that the FIFA world cup football (soccer) tournament can be associated with a rise in reported domestic abuse incidents, when viewed remotely via television. Methods A quantitative analysis, using Poisson and negative binomial regression models looked at monthly and daily domestic abuse incidents reported to a police force in the North West of England across three separate tournaments (2002, 2006, 201...

  7. Genetic Susceptibility to Feline Infectious Peritonitis in Birman Cats

    OpenAIRE

    Golovko, Lyudmila; Lyons, Leslie A.; Liu, Hongwei; Sorensen, Anne; Wehnert, Suzanne; Pedersen, Niels C.

    2013-01-01

    Genetic factors are presumed to influence the incidence of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), especially among pedigreed cats. However, proof for the existence of such factors has been limited and mainly anecdotal. Therefore, we sought evidence for genetic susceptibility to FIP using feline high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Birman cats were chosen for GWAS because they are highly inbred and suffer a high incidence of FIP. DNA...

  8. Where has all the education gone in Sub-Saharan Africa? Employment and other outcomes among secondary school and university leavers

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Samarrai, Samer; Bennell, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence and generalisations abound concerning the employment outcomes of secondary school and university leavers, but there is very little solid, accurate information on what these groups in African countries do after they have completed their education. Using tracer surveys, this paper presents comprehensive time-series information on the activity profiles of representative samples of secondary school leavers and university graduates in Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The ...

  9. Perspectives in the selection of hyaluronic acid fillers for facial wrinkles and aging skin

    OpenAIRE

    Hannah E John, Richard D Price

    2009-01-01

    Hannah E John, Richard D PriceDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Cambridge, UKAbstract: Aesthetic surgery is, in the USA at least, no longer a taboo subject. Outside North America, public acceptance continues to grow as more procedures are performed each year. While there appears, anecdotally, to be a decrease in patients undergoing cosmetic treatments because of the global financial crisis, the ...

  10. Perspectives in the selection of hyaluronic acid fillers for facial wrinkles and aging skin

    OpenAIRE

    John, Hannah E; Price, Richard D

    2009-01-01

    Aesthetic surgery is, in the USA at least, no longer a taboo subject. Outside North America, public acceptance continues to grow as more procedures are performed each year. While there appears, anecdotally, to be a decrease in patients undergoing cosmetic treatments because of the global financial crisis, the overall trend remains upward. Although popular television programs espouse the benefits of surgery, it is nonsurgical procedures that account, numerically, for the majority of procedures...

  11. The Prevalence of low back pain in Africa: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Grimmer-Somers Karen; Morris Linzette D; Louw Quinette A

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and one the most common causes of disability in the developed nations. Anecdotally, there is a general assumption that LBP prevalence in Africa is comparatively lower than in developed countries. The aim of this review was to systematically appraise the published prevalence studies conducted on the African continent to establish the prevalence of LBP in Africa. Methods A comprehensive search was conducted ...

  12. AN EXPLORATION OF STAKEHOLDER PERCEPTIONS OF ACADEMIC DISHONESTY AND APPROACHES USED TO PROMOTE ACADEMIC INTEGRITY IN NURSING STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Harrison, Nigel

    2013-01-01

    An increased number of investigations for academic dishonesty with nursing students was a catalyst for this research. The aim was to explore stakeholder perceptions of academic dishonesty and approaches used to promote academic integrity. Literature reviewed was largely anecdotal, focusing on accounts of incidents and concern over nurses’ fitness to practise, recognising a need to enhance understanding and strategic solutions. A single case study design was utilised, capturing views of expert...

  13. Animal Facilitated Therapy: the provision of service in english healthcare institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Hearne, G.L.; McBride, E. A.; Horn, S A

    2004-01-01

    In the last two decades companion animals have been introduced to institutions on both visiting and residential bases. These institutions comprise hospitals, nursing homes and day centres. The growing body of empirical research, anecdotal evidence, increased media and public interest and dedication from select charity groups has facilitated its incorporation. Whilst the practice of Animal Facilitated Therapy has become more common, actual growth and future demand for the service has not been ...

  14. Twinning in human populations and in cattle exposed to air pollution from incinerators.

    OpenAIRE

    Lloyd, O L; Lloyd, M M; Williams, F. L.; Lawson, A

    1988-01-01

    Human populations and animals are often exposed to the airborne pollutants in plumes from incinerators. The incineration of chemical and other waste may release polychlorinated hydrocarbons, some of which have oestrogenic properties. Increased numbers of twins had been reported anecdotally in cattle at risk from plumes from two incinerators near the town of Bonnybridge in central Scotland and also in cattle near a chemical factory in Eire. It was decided to follow up these reports in central ...

  15. SMEs and Their Use of Intellectual Property Rights in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Paul H. Jensen; Elizabeth Webster

    2004-01-01

    There is a common, largely anecdotally based belief that registered intellectual property is a less efficient form of protection for SME inventors compared with inventors from large firms. This paper discusses the reasons why SMEs may be disadvantaged in their use of intellectual property as opposed to more general disadvantages they may incur over the whole course of innovation. It estimates patent and trade mark rates per employee in Australia but does not find a significant difference betw...

  16. Attitudes Toward Financial Control Systems in the United States and Japan†

    OpenAIRE

    Lane Daley; James Jiambalvo; Gary Sundem; Yasumasa Kondo

    1985-01-01

    Recently researchers have begun to investigate issues of differences in the use of managerial accounting tools across differing national environments. Much of this research is of the case study approach documenting actual practices for a small group of firms, or a distillation from numerous observations but using anecdotal evidence to support various conjectures.The study uses a survey of attitudes toward various aspects of budgeting and control systems to gain insight into the existence of d...

  17. The HIV Antiretroviral Drug Efavirenz has LSD-Like Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Gatch, Michael B.; Kozlenkov, Alexey; Huang, Ren-Qi; Yang, Wenjuan; Nguyen, Jacques D; González-Maeso, Javier; Rice, Kenner C.; France, Charles P; Dillon, Glenn H.; Forster, Michael J.; Schetz, John A

    2013-01-01

    Anecdotal reports have surfaced concerning misuse of the HIV antiretroviral medication efavirenz ((4S)-6-chloro-4-(2-cyclopropylethynyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2,4-dihydro-1H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-one) by HIV patients and non-infected teens who crush the pills and smoke the powder for its psychoactive effects. Molecular profiling of the receptor pharmacology of efavirenz pinpointed interactions with multiple established sites of action for other known drugs of abuse including catecholamine and indola...

  18. Over-the-counter treatments for acne and rosacea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosamilia, Lorraine Larsen

    2016-06-01

    Acne and rosacea are common inflammatory processes historically classified in the same disease category, but evolving understanding of their disparate pathophysiology and exacerbating factors have generated an enormous armamentarium of therapeutic possibilities. Patients seek over-the-counter therapies first when managing cutaneous disease; therefore, this review defines ingredients considered to be effective over-the-counter acne and rosacea products, their mechanisms, and safe formulations, including botanical components, oral supplements, and other anecdotal options in this vast skin care domain. PMID:27416314

  19. Long-Term Inflation Outcomes after Hyperinflation: Theory and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Guerrero

    2006-01-01

    This paper does two things. First, it shows both anecdotal and cross-country evidence that indicates that countries that have experienced hyperinflation display significantly lower long-term rates of inflation than countries that lack the same experience. Secondly, it presents a model to rationalize the main empirical finding. There is more than one mechanism through which the long-term effects of hyperinflation may have an impact on long-term inflation outcomes. The suggested explanation thi...

  20. An AMSTAR assessment of the methodological quality of systematic reviews of oral healthcare interventions published in the Journal of Applied Oral Science (JAOS)

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Sequeira-Byron; Zbys Fedorowicz; JAGANNATH, Vanitha A.; Mohammad Owaise Sharif

    2011-01-01

    Background Systematic reviews are not an assembly of anecdotes but a distillation of current best available evidence on a particular topic and as such have an important role to play in evidence-based healthcare. A substantial proportion of these systematic reviews focus on interventions, and are able to provide clinicians with the opportunity to understand and translate the best available evidence on the effects of these healthcare interventions into clinical practice. The importance of syste...

  1. Echolocation may have real-life advantages for blind people: an analysis of survey data

    OpenAIRE

    Lore eThaler

    2013-01-01

    Some people can echolocate by making sonar emissions (e.g., mouth-clicks, finger snaps, feet shuffling, humming, cane tapping, etc.) and listening to the returning echoes. To date there are no statistics available about how many blind people use echolocation, but anecdotal reports in the literature suggest that perhaps between 20 and 30% of totally blind people may use it, suggesting that echolocation affords broad functional benefits. Consistent with the notion that blind individuals benefit...

  2. Insights into the Role of International Policy Networks for International Policy Transfer and Policy Learning in Social Protection

    OpenAIRE

    Bender, Katja; Keller, Sonja; Willing, Holger

    2015-01-01

    The paper examines the effectiveness of transgovernmental policy networks as a governance structure for policy diffusion. The analysis is based on a survey including 50 social protection policy maker and technical practitioner who are country delegates to transgovernmental policy networks within the policy area of social protection. The paper provides anecdotal empirical evidence that policy networks contribute to policy diffusion by inducing mutual learning processes.

  3. Vulnerability to HIV infection among sex worker and non-sex worker female injecting drug users in Dhaka, Bangladesh: evidence from the baseline survey of a cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Khan Sharful I; Khandakar Irona; Rahman Motiur; Ahmed Giasuddin; Khan Repon; Ahmed Munir; Uddin Mohammed T; Reza Masud; Chowdhury Ezazul I; Azim Tasnim; Sack David A; Strathdee Steffanie A

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background: Very little is known about female injecting drug users (IDU) in Bangladesh but anecdotal evidence suggests that they are hidden and very vulnerable to HIV through both their injection sharing and sexual risk behaviors. In order to better understand the risks and vulnerability to HIV of female IDU, a cohort study was initiated through which HIV prevalence and risk behaviors was determined. Methods: All female IDU (those who had injected in the last six months and were 15 y...

  4. Tracking Hookah Bars in New York: Utilizing Yelp as a Powerful Public Health Tool

    OpenAIRE

    Cawkwell, Philip B; Lee, Lily; Weitzman, Michael; Sherman, Scott E.

    2015-01-01

    Background While cigarette use has seen a steady decline in recent years, hookah (water pipe) use has rapidly increased in popularity. While anecdotal reports have noted a rise in hookah bars, methodological difficulties have prevented researchers from drawing definitive conclusions about the number of hookah bars in any given location. There is no publicly available database that has been shown to reliably provide this information. It is now possible to analyze Internet trends as a measure o...

  5. Competition and market structure in local real estate markets

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Jason; Scott, Frank; Yelowitz, Aaron

    2010-01-01

    The persistence of the standard six percent real estate sales commission across markets and over time calls into question the competitiveness of the residential real estate brokerage industry. While there is anecdotal evidence that some local real estate markets are fairly concentrated, no systematic study of market structures has been conducted. We have collected primary data on the number and market shares of real estate brokers in a variety of small, medium, and large real estate markets a...

  6. Representation, attitudes, and behavior: analyzing the spatial dimensions of community response to mental disability

    OpenAIRE

    L M Takahashi

    1997-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence indicates that community opposition has become intensified and more focused on human service facilities over the past decade. The irrational, selfish, and exclusionary tendencies often associated with the NIMBY (not in my backyard) syndrome do not reflect the complexity inherent in local responses to controversial human services, such as mental health care facilities. In this paper I instead develop a framework incorporating the broader structure of social relations to expl...

  7. Assumptions Underlying Agile Software Development Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Turk, Dan; France, Robert; Rumpe, Bernhard

    2014-01-01

    Agile processes focus on facilitating early and fast production of working code, and are based on software development process models that support iterative, incremental development of software. Although agile methods have existed for a number of years now, answers to questions concerning the suitability of agile processes to particular software development environments are still often based on anecdotal accounts of experiences. An appreciation of the (often unstated) assumptions underlying a...

  8. Use of home remedies: a cross-sectional survey of patients in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Parisius, Lisa Maria; Stock-Schröer, Beate; Berger, Sarah; Hermann, Katja; Joos, Stefanie

    2014-01-01

    Background Reliable information regarding patient knowledge of home remedies and the types of health problems patients use them for is scarce. Nevertheless, anecdotal evidence indicates that home remedies are used by patients for managing minor health problems and that this can be sufficient for symptom management while the body recovers from minor health problems. The aim of the presented study was to explore patient use of home remedies in Germany. Methods A questionnaire was developed and ...

  9. The effect of angular dose distribution on the detection of microcalcifications in digital breast tomosynthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Yue-Houng; Zhao, Wei

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Substantial effort has been devoted to the clinical development of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). DBT is a three-dimensional (3D) x-ray imaging modality that reconstructs a number of thin image slices parallel to a stationary detector plane. Preliminary clinical studies have shown that the removal of overlapping breast tissue reduces image clutter and increases detectability of large, low contrast lesions. However, some studies, as well as anecdotal evidence, suggested decreased...

  10. Ghrelin mediates stress-induced food-reward behavior in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chuang, Jen-Chieh; Perello, Mario; Sakata, Ichiro; Osborne-Lawrence, Sherri; Savitt, Joseph M.; Lutter, Michael; Zigman, Jeffrey M.

    2011-01-01

    The popular media and personal anecdotes are rich with examples of stress-induced eating of calorically dense “comfort foods.” Such behavioral reactions likely contribute to the increased prevalence of obesity in humans experiencing chronic stress or atypical depression. However, the molecular substrates and neurocircuits controlling the complex behaviors responsible for stress-based eating remain mostly unknown, and few animal models have been described for probing the mechanisms orchestrati...

  11. Social media: The new tool in firms’ marketing strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Geirinhas, Guilherme Guerra Abrantes

    2014-01-01

    In this work project we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of social media as a marketing tool. Four international cases were analyzed to provide anecdotal evidence of how social and viral marketing have been used by four firms in very different industries. We reviewed empirical evidence on the topic to discuss the main components of viral marketing. We concluded that positive (electronic) word of mouth, short response time and seeding through high network value customers are the main d...

  12. Pricing industrial pollution in China : an econometric analysis of the levy system

    OpenAIRE

    Hua Wang; Wheeler, David

    1996-01-01

    The authors analyze China's experience with the water pollution levy, an emissions charge system that covers hundreds of thousands of factories. The levy experience has not been studied systematically, but anecdotal critiques have suggested that the system is arbitrarilyadministered and ineffective in controlling pollution. Enforcement is thought to vary widely, so that factories in different regions face different penalties for polluting. And it is widely believed that the levy provides litt...

  13. The movement of patients across borders: challenges and opportunities for public health

    OpenAIRE

    Helble, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    In a globalizing world, public health is no longer confined to national borders. In recent years we have observed an increasing movement of patients across international borders. The full extent of this trend is yet unknown, as data are sparse and anecdotal. If this trend continues, experts are convinced that it will have major implications for public health systems around the globe. Despite the growing importance of medical travel, we still have little empirical evidence on its impact on pub...

  14. A History of Dark Matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertone, Gianfranco [U. Amsterdam, GRAPPA; Hooper, Dan [Fermilab

    2016-05-16

    Although dark matter is a central element of modern cosmology, the history of how it became accepted as part of the dominant paradigm is often ignored or condensed into a brief anecdotical account focused around the work of a few pioneering scientists. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with a broader historical perspective on the observational discoveries and the theoretical arguments that led the scientific community to adopt dark matter as an essential part of the standard cosmological model.

  15. How responsive is female labour supply to child care costs: New australian estimates

    OpenAIRE

    Gong, Xiaodong; Breunig, Robert; King, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    The degree of responsiveness of Australian women's labour supply to child care cost has been a matter of some debate. There is a view that the level of responsiveness is very low or negligible, running counter to international and anecdotal evidence. In this paper we review the Australian and international literature on labour supply and child care, and provide improved Australian estimates of labour supply elasticities and child care demand elasticities with respect to gross child care price...

  16. Immunopathologic effects of silicone breast implants.

    OpenAIRE

    S.S. Teuber; Yoshida, S H; Gershwin, M E

    1995-01-01

    Silicone-gel breast implants have been associated with a myriad of autoimmune and connective tissue disorders by anecdotal reports and small observational series. To date, no prospective epidemiologic studies have been done to substantiate these observations, but an increasing body of literature is being developed and older studies are being recognized that point to immunotoxic or inflammatory effects of these breast implant components. The development of disease due to implants would depend ...

  17. Psychological Distress and Arrhythmia: Risk Prediction and Potential Modifiers

    OpenAIRE

    Peacock, James; Whang, William

    2013-01-01

    The connection between the heart and the brain has long been anecdotally recognized but systematically studied only relatively recently. Cardiac arrhythmias, especially sudden cardiac death, remain a major public health concern and there is mounting evidence that psychological distress plays a critical role as both a predictor of high-risk cardiac substrate and as an inciting trigger. The transient, unpredictable nature of emotions and cardiac arrhythmias have made their study challenging, bu...

  18. Have SMEs Benefited from E-Commerce?

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson Poon

    2002-01-01

    Recently there has been a surge in research projects on how small and medium enterprises (SMEs) use E-Commerce/E-Business for business purposes. These include a mixture of academic, industry and government studies. The outcomes have presented a mixed message. While there are anecdotal success stories, SMEs found their E-Commerce/E-Business endeavours successful to a point but face difficulties in achieving many speculations portrayed by the media and visionaries. In this paper, I try to addre...

  19. What is an evidence map? A systematic review of published evidence maps and their definitions, methods, and products

    OpenAIRE

    Miake-Lye, Isomi M; Hempel, Susanne; Shanman, Roberta; Shekelle, Paul G

    2016-01-01

    Background The need for systematic methods for reviewing evidence is continuously increasing. Evidence mapping is one emerging method. There are no authoritative recommendations for what constitutes an evidence map or what methods should be used, and anecdotal evidence suggests heterogeneity in both. Our objectives are to identify published evidence maps and to compare and contrast the presented definitions of evidence mapping, the domains used to classify data in evidence maps, and the form ...

  20. Carrot yellow leaf virus Is Associated with Carrot Internal Necrosis

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Ian P.; Anna Skelton; Roy Macarthur; Tobias Hodges; Howard Hinds; Laura Flint; Palash Deb Nath; Neil Boonham; Adrian Fox

    2014-01-01

    Internal necrosis of carrot has been observed in UK carrots for at least 10 years, and has been anecdotally linked to virus infection. In the 2009 growing season some growers had up to 10% of yield with these symptoms. Traditional diagnostic methods are targeted towards specific pathogens. By using a metagenomic approach with high throughput sequencing technology, other, as yet unidentified causes of root necrosis were investigated. Additionally a statistical analysis has shown which viruses ...

  1. Adjusting to life after treatment: distress and quality of life following treatment for breast cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Costanzo, E S; Lutgendorf, S.K.; Mattes, M L; Trehan, S; Robinson, C B; Tewfik, F; Roman, S L

    2007-01-01

    Clinical and anecdotal findings suggest that the completion of cancer treatment may be marked by heightened distress and disrupted adjustment. The present study examined psychological adjustment during the 3 months following treatment among 89 women with stages 0–III breast cancer. Participants completed measures of depression, cancer-related anxiety, cancer concerns, and quality of life at three time points: during treatment, 3 weeks following the end of treatment, and 3 months post-treatmen...

  2. Potentiated clinoptilolite reduces signs and symptoms associated with veisalgia

    OpenAIRE

    Gandy JJ; Laurens I; Snyman JR

    2015-01-01

    Justin John Gandy, Ilze Laurens, Jacques Rene Snyman Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa Introduction: Abundant anecdotal evidence for products claiming to reduce veisalgia after alcohol overindulgence are available on the Internet and as many advertisements in journals. None of these claims are, however, substantiated by research. The aim of this research was to ascertain the validity of such cla...

  3. The executive's guide to enterprise social media strategy how social networks are radically transforming your business

    CERN Document Server

    Barlow, Mike

    2010-01-01

    An actionable framework for developing and executing successful social media strategies supporting collaboration, teamwork and communication in modern corporationsUsing straightforward language, this book offers real-world stories and revealing anecdotes to demonstrate how executives and business leaders develop successful corporate social media strategies.High level guidance to developing the practical business frameworks and policies necessary for implementing and managing successful corporate social media strategiesDescribes the actual processes, organizational structures, and technology pl

  4. Economic Rationales for Central Banking: Historical Evolution, Policy Space, Institutional Integrity, and Paradigm Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Poomjai Nacaskul; Kritchaya Janjaroen; Suparit Suwanik

    2012-01-01

    The late-2000s global financial crisis saw increased public profiles and balance sheets of both the US and European central banks, their combined series of financial rescue measures in effect pushing the envelope of central banking modus operandi. And in general, somewhat anecdotally amongst non-crisis Asia-Pacific/emerging economies, central banks are under increased pressure to pursue growth agenda, or at least being publicly called to task as to whether strict inflation regime is all that ...

  5. The Right Hemisphere in Esthetic Perception

    OpenAIRE

    Bianca eBromberger; Rebecca eSternschein; Page eWidick; William eSmith; Anjan eChatterjee

    2011-01-01

    Little about the neuropsychology of art perception and evaluation is known. Most neuropsychological approaches to art have focused on art production and have been anecdotal and qualitative. The field is in desperate need of quantitative methods if it is to advance. Here, we combine a quantitative approach to the assessment of art with modern voxel-lesion-symptom-mapping (VLSM) methods to determine brain-behavior relationships in art perception. We hypothesized that perception of different att...

  6. Computer-aided assessment in statistics: the CAMPUS project

    OpenAIRE

    Hunt, Neville

    1998-01-01

    The relentless drive for 'efficiency' in higher education, and the consequent increase in workloads, has given university teachers a compelling incentive to investigate alternative forms of assessment. Some forms of assessment with a clear educational value can no longer be entertained because of the burden placed on the teacher. An added concern is plagiarism, which anecdotal evidence would suggest is on the increase yet which is difficult to detect in large modules with more than one assess...

  7. Factors Affecting Retailer Adoption of the Internet in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Vize, Roisin; Coughlan, Joseph; Kennedy, Aileen

    2007-01-01

    To date, most of the commentary on the impact of the Internet on retailing in Ireland has been anecdotal and there is a paucity of academic empirical research examining the factors affecting Internet adoption by retailers in Ireland. The primary aims of this research are to identify the key factors perceived as being influential in determining the resultant level of adoption among traditional retailers in Ireland and to examine the extent and level of its’ adoption in the Irish retail sector....

  8. Xenophobia, International Migration and Human Development

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Crush; Sujata Ramachandran

    2009-01-01

    In the continuing discussion on migration and development, the vulnerability of all migrant groups to exploitation and mistreatment in host countries has been highlighted along with an emphasis on protecting their rights. However, xenophobia has not yet received explicit attention although anti-migrant sentiments and practices are clearly on the rise even in receiving countries in developing regions. Despite gaps in existing empirical work, research and anecdotal evidence exposes pervasive fo...

  9. Blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) show high capacity for wound healing and recovery following injury

    OpenAIRE

    Chin, Andrew; Mourier, Johann; Rummer, Jodie L.

    2015-01-01

    International audience Wound healing is important for sharks from the earliest life stages, for example, as the 'umbilical scar' in viviparous species heals, and throughout adulthood, when sharks can incur a range of external injuries from natural and anthropogenic sources. Despite anecdotal accounts of rapid healing in elasmobranchs, data regarding recovery and survival of individuals from different wound or injury types has not been systematically collected. The present study documented:...

  10. The transformation of contemporary analyses of oral folklore: Fairy tale versus fantasy

    OpenAIRE

    Otčenášek Jaroslav

    2010-01-01

    The study focuses on contemporary forms of folklore and their relationship to literary forms like Fantasy, Sci-fi, Horror and Fantasy Game. The first problem is the specification of the terms and the classification of the internal structure of these terms. A typical structure of contemporary oral folklore, such as urban legends, is a combination of classical forms of folklore (subject matter from fairy tales, anecdotes etc.) and the influence of films, television and books. This contami...

  11. Fringe benefits of sexy science

    CERN Multimedia

    Highfield, R

    2002-01-01

    Simon Singh and Richard Wiseman are to take their new show to the Edinburgh Festival after good reviews followed its debut in London a few weeks ago. In the show, Singh talks about the mathematics of gambling and Wiseman lectures on the psychology of deception. The act is liberally interspersed with humour, anecdotes and demonstrations to make the experience fun but also informative (1/2 page).

  12. Use of ustekinumab for severe refractory atopic dermatitis in a young teenager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wlodek, C; Hewitt, H; Kennedy, C T

    2016-08-01

    When conventional systemic immunosuppressive treatments fail in the setting of severe eczema, unlike in psoriasis, there are limited treatment options and only anecdotal evidence to help guide clinicians. There is a growing body of evidence for the use of certain biologic agents for moderate to severe eczema. We report the youngest case to date successfully and safely treated with ustekinumab for severe refractory atopic dermatitis. PMID:27079289

  13. Unit cohesion and the military's "Don't ask, Don't Tell" policy

    OpenAIRE

    Rea, Theresa M.

    1997-01-01

    The Department of Defense policy of excluding known homosexuals from military service is partially based on the assumption that homosexual service members pose a threat to the cohesion of a military unit. The assumption is drawn largely from anecdotal evidence suggesting that junior service members would be uncomfortable in an environment that accepted homosexuals. This thesis examines the attitudes and opinions of junior officers to determine various aspects of unit cohesion that may be affe...

  14. Does Law Matter? The Separation of Ownership and Control in the United Kingdom.

    OpenAIRE

    Brian Cheffins

    2001-01-01

    The corporate world today subdivides into rival systems of dispersed and concentrated ownership, with different corporate governance structures characterising each. The United States and the United Kingdom fall into the former category and other major industrial countries tend to fall into the latter. There is anecdotal evidence that suggests market forces are serving to destabilise traditional structures and cause some form of convergence along American corporate governance lines. According ...

  15. Online úskalia folkloristického výskumu

    OpenAIRE

    Šipöczová, Eva; Ústav evropské etnologie, Filozofická fakulta, Masarykova univerzita v Brně

    2012-01-01

    The problematic aspects of internet research are slowly becoming manifest in all the Humanities. The primary concern of ethnology and folkloristics is contemporary folklore – anecdotes, urban legends, rumours, conspiracy theories, all of which are abundant on the internet. Neverteless, the nature of virtual reality has given rise to new methodological problems and uncertainties. How should we collect folklore material on the internet? A conflict rages between classic face-to-face research, an...

  16. Survey of Impression Materials and Techniques in Fixed Partial Dentures among the Practitioners in India

    OpenAIRE

    Arvind Moldi; Vimal Gala; Shivakumar Puranik; Smita Karan; Sumit Deshpande; Neelima Neela

    2013-01-01

    Objective. Anecdotal evidence suggests that impression materials and techniques used in general dental practice for fixed partial dentures vary from those taught in dental schools. The aim of this survey was to integrate impression techniques evolved all over the years for fixed partial dentures and to know the techniques and materials which are used in the present day by the practitioners. Materials and Methods. A total of 1000 questionnaires were sent to various practitioners in India, out ...

  17. Environmental sound recognition by timbre in children with Williams syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Castilla, P.; García Nogales, Mª Ángeles; Campos García, Ruth; Rodríguez, M

    2014-01-01

    Statement: "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in [JOURNAL TITLE] on [date of publication], available online at:http://www.tandfonline.com/[Article DOI]." Anecdotal reports have described children with Williams syndrome (WS) as presenting outstanding skills for recognizing environmental sounds by their timbre. This has led to suggest that the skills for environmental sound recognition by timbre are highly developed in WS. Furthermore, the term ...

  18. Organic foods in Danish municipal school food systems – a multistakeholder analysis of available evidence on constraints and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Olsen, Tenna Doktor

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that organic supply and healthy eating initiatives in school food services share common features. Both types involves changes in supply, the collaboration of a number of different stakeholders and both include a physical food part as well as a non physical symbolic aspect. Studies have shown that introducing organic food in public food systems seems to affect the nutritional profile of the food service and anecdotal evidence suggest that organic supply forces food ...

  19. Rebranding: a Case Study Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Size, Maria, (Thesis)

    2005-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to explore how and why companies implement rebranding campaigns. The study stemmed from a realisation by the author that the area of rebranding is very much under-researched academically although anecdotal evidence indicates and increase in the occurrence of the phenomenon in recent years. Therefore the purpose of this research is to add to the insufficient body of literature on rebranding through exploring it from a corporate perspective. The two chapte...

  20. Torches and torch relays of the Olympic Summer Games from Berlin 1936 to Rio 2016: presentation and visuals of the Olympic torches, facts and figures on the torch relay for each edition

    OpenAIRE

    IOC Olympic Studies Centre

    2015-01-01

    The torch and its relay are closely linked to the Olympic Games. They announce their arrival, allowing everyone to share the Olympic spirit and to get to know the host country better. This document presents, for each edition of the Summer Games, all the facts and figures on the torch, its design and technical characteristics; and information on the various aspects of the relay, such as duration, torchbearers, route and some anecdotes from its journey.

  1. Shall One Invest in Cancelled Targets after the Termination of Mergers and Acquisitions?

    OpenAIRE

    Gene C Lai; Keith M. Moore; Henry R. Oppenheimer

    2006-01-01

    Many portfolio managers on Wall Street believe that investing in cancelled targets after the termination of mergers and acquisitions is a profitable strategy because arbitrageurs usually unwind their position after the cancellation announcement. While the anecdotal evidence shows that arbitrageurs do hold large positions in target companies when the deals are cancelled, we do not find that investing in cancelled targets is a profitable strategy. Our results also suggest that, in general, ther...

  2. Aid to a Declining Matriarch in the Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis)

    OpenAIRE

    Lisa C Davenport

    2010-01-01

    Scientists are increasingly revealing the commonalities between the intellectual, emotional and moral capacities of animals and humans. Providing assistance to elderly and ailing family members is a human trait rarely documented for wild animals, other than anecdotal accounts. Here I report observations of multiple forms of assistance to the declining matriarch of a habituated group of giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) in Manu National Park, Peru. The otter group had been observed annuall...

  3. Genital Self-mutilation in a Case of First Episode Psychosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Anuj; Chauhan, Khushboo; De Sousa, Avinash; Sonavane, Sushma; Pawar, Alka

    2016-01-01

    Genital self-mutilation (GSM) is a much rare finding and more commonly associated with psychosis when it comes to comparison with self-mutilation as a whole. There have been anecdotal case reports of GSM in psychotic disorders with most of them being in long standing psychoses. We describe herein a case of GSM during the first episode of psychosis where multiple phenomenological variables were seen responsible for the act. PMID:27570352

  4. Characterization of dental anatomy and gingival biotype in Asian populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Stacey A; Kim, Alexis C; Prusa, Louis A; Kao, Richard T

    2013-01-01

    Gingival and dental characteristics are risk factors for periodontal problems. With short or fused roots, a decreased periodontium results in some attachment loss, compromising periodontal stability. Similarly, with an increased incidence of thin gingival biotype, inflammatory and traumatic insults may result in gingival recession. Anecdotally, Asian dentitions have been described as having short roots with "thin gingiva". This cross-sectional study will utilize clinical data and radiographic interpretation to ascertain whether this clinical impression is valid.

  5. Characterization and communicative analysis of wildlife managers and recreational users of Virginiaâ s Wildlife Management Areas

    OpenAIRE

    Carrozzino-Lyon, Amy L

    2012-01-01

    The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VDGIF) manages wildlife management areas (WMAs) to provide wildlife habitat and hunting and fishing opportunities, along with opportunities for compatible wildlife-related recreation. Despite having responsibility for managing 39 WMAs, comprising more than 200,000 acres, VDGIF had only anecdotal information about who recreated on Virginiaâ s WMAs, to what extent, and how they felt about management of the WMAs. My goals were to (1) deter...

  6. The evolution of popular music: USA 1960–2010

    OpenAIRE

    Mauch, Matthias; MacCallum, Robert M.; Levy, Mark; Leroi, Armand M.

    2015-01-01

    In modern societies, cultural change seems ceaseless. The flux of fashion is especially obvious for popular music. While much has been written about the origin and evolution of pop, most claims about its history are anecdotal rather than scientific in nature. To rectify this, we investigate the US Billboard Hot 100 between 1960 and 2010. Using music information retrieval and text-mining tools, we analyse the musical properties of approximately 17 000 recordings that appeared in the charts and...

  7. Genital self-mutilation in a case of first episode psychosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuj Khandelwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Genital self-mutilation (GSM is a much rare finding and more commonly associated with psychosis when it comes to comparison with self-mutilation as a whole. There have been anecdotal case reports of GSM in psychotic disorders with most of them being in long standing psychoses. We describe herein a case of GSM during the first episode of psychosis where multiple phenomenological variables were seen responsible for the act.

  8. Prospective evaluation of artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of non-falciparum and mixed-species malaria in Gabon

    OpenAIRE

    Mombo-Ngoma Ghyslain; Kleine Christian; Basra Arti; Würbel Heike; Diop Daisy A; Capan Mesküre; Adegnika Ayola A; Kurth Florian; Mordmüller Benjamin; Joanny Fanny; Kremsner Peter G; Ramharter Michael; Bélard Sabine

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The recommendation of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) as first-line treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria is supported by a plethora of high quality clinical trials. However, their recommendation for the treatment of mixed-species malaria and the large-scale use for the treatment of non-falciparum malaria in endemic regions is based on anecdotal rather than systematic clinical evidence. Methods This study prospectively observed the efficacy of artemether-lum...

  9. Coastal changes in historic times – linking offshore bathymetry changes and cliff recession in Suffolk

    OpenAIRE

    Brooks, Susan M.

    2010-01-01

    Executive summary: The coastline of Suffolk, UK has the fastest rate of contemporary recession in the UK, reaching 5 m a-1 locally. Along this coastline historical recession has continued for as long as there is archival data (old maps, Admiralty Charts, anecdotes, diaries, parish records, OS maps, aerial photographs, elevation/bathymetric surveying). There has been much interest focussed on Dunwich (the site of lost churches and historic buildings – once a thriving port) while other cliff...

  10. On statistical methods for analysing the geographical distribution of cancer cases near nuclear installations.

    OpenAIRE

    Bithell, J F; Stone, R A

    1989-01-01

    There is great public concern, often based on anecdotal reports, about risks from ionising radiation. Recent interest has been directed at an excess of leukaemia cases in the locality of civil nuclear installations at Sellafield and Sizewell, and epidemiologists have a duty to pursue such information vigorously. This paper sets out to show that the epidemiological methods most commonly used can be improved upon. When analysing geographical data it is necessary to consider location. The most o...

  11. An investigation into the efficacy of reflexology on acute pain in healthy human subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel, Carol

    2011-01-01

    Reflexology incorporates the use of specific pressure techniques to the feet, hands or ears. There are many anecdotal claims for reflexology in the treatment of various conditions such as migraine, arthritis and multiple sclerosis but very little clinical evidence exists for reflexology in the management of pain per se. Pain is a worldwide concern and 10% of the UK population suffer from chronic pain, making demands on an already overstretched NHS service. Members of the public seek more cont...

  12. Foreword

    OpenAIRE

    Omibiyi-Obidike, Mosunmola

    2013-01-01

    Articles on Nigerian Art Music exist in various specialist journals and magazines, but many of these accounts are often not much more than anecdotes by enthusiasts and non specialists. European musicologists have, by and large, concentrated their studies on traditional African music. Nigerian Art Music, by Bode Omojola, therefore, is a most welcome book written by an insider and an active participant in the Nigerian Art Music scene. He brings together in one volume a history of Art Music in N...

  13. Explorations in the uses of language in psychotherapy: complex empathic statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havens, L

    1979-02-01

    I have suggested (1978) that the language occurring to us in personal and psychotherapeutic speech reflects our distance from one another, and that the empathic position in particular evokes emotional reverberations and spontaneous verbal accompaniments which serve to identify that position. I have also suggested some prototypic forms of this spontaneous empathic speech. A clinical anecdote and two observations will illustrate these points and prepare for the discussion of more complex empathic forms.

  14. On Writing Scientific Articles in English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JamesHartley

    2003-01-01

    If we examine the text of scientific articles it is clear that there is a generally accepted way of writing them. Scientific prose in English stereotypically uses the third person, the passive tense, complex terminology, and various footnoting and referencing systems. Scientific prose is not known for discursive anecdotes, humour, pictures, colour, bizarre typography or exclamation marks! Often the written text appears quite impersonal-the human element is removed.

  15. The efficacy of the Berard Auditory Integration Training method for learners with attention difficulties / Hannelie Kemp

    OpenAIRE

    Kemp, Johanna Jacoba

    2010-01-01

    Research on the Berard Auditory Integration Training method has shown improvement in the regulation of attention, activity and impulsivity of children whose auditory system have been re-trained. Anecdotal reports have found improvements in sleeping patterns, balance, allergies, eyesight, eating patterns, depression and other seemingly unrelated physiological states. During the Auditory Integration Training (AIT) procedure dynamic music, with a wide range of frequencies, is processed through a...

  16. El espacio sadiano como museo de la anécdota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Ibeas Altamira

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The Marquis of Sade was a man of his time and he enjoyed collecting art pieces, erotic histories and anecdotes, those parts of history that should not be published. He knew how to class his experiences and knowledge in a very particular space with the perfect ambient, his particular museum, creating a literary masterpiece really diversi-fied and unique in his kind.

  17. Dietary intervention in rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Jamison, Jennifer R.

    1987-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a disabling disease prevalent in modern society. Dietary prevention may be possible in a subgroup of individuals who appear to suffer food intolerance; dietary intervention, as an adjunct to other management strategies, may be useful in modifying the inflammatory response. The former suggestion is supported by anecdotal evidence; the latter by some in vitro experimentation which implicates arachidonic acid metabolism in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid tissue inflammatio...

  18. Child Abuse in the Wake of Natural Disasters

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Thom

    1995-01-01

    Natural and technological disasters impact thousands of families in the United States each year. Catastrophic events leave homelessness, unemployment, injury, and death in their wake. The cost to society is usually measured in homes destroyed, jobs lost, casualties, and expected dollar expense of recovery. There are the social, psychological, and family consequences of catastrophic stressors. Anecdotal reports suggest that among these consequences is an increase in family violence, including ...

  19. Polysaccharides Isolated from Açaí Fruit Induce Innate Immune Responses

    OpenAIRE

    Jeff Holderness; Igor A Schepetkin; Brett Freedman; Kirpotina, Liliya N.; Quinn, Mark T.; Hedges, Jodi F.; Jutila, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    The Açaí (Acai) fruit is a popular nutritional supplement that purportedly enhances immune system function. These anecdotal claims are supported by limited studies describing immune responses to the Acai polyphenol fraction. Previously, we characterized γδ T cell responses to both polyphenol and polysaccharide fractions from several plant-derived nutritional supplements. Similar polyphenol and polysaccharide fractions are found in Acai fruit. Thus, we hypothesized that one or both of these fr...

  20. Freshwater, Saltwater, and Deepwater: Efficient Market Hypothesis versus Behavioral Finance.

    OpenAIRE

    Wójcik, Dariusz; Kreston, Nicholas; McGill, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    The efficient market hypothesis (EMH) and behavioral finance (BF) form the blame-hope axis of the ongoing soul-searching exercise in economics, which frequently refers to the 'Chicago School' and the ideological division between 'freshwater' and 'saltwater' universities. Citation analysis for 1965-2010 shows that these simple geographical anecdotes do not apply, as saltwater economists heavily cited the seminal EMH papers from the beginning, and vice versa. BF lags behind EMH in terms of the ...

  1. Protein supplementation and dietary behaviours of resistance trained men and women attending commercial gyms: a comparative study between the city centre and the suburbs of Palermo, Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Bianco, A., Lupo C., Alesi M., Spina S., Raccuglia M., Thomas E., Paoli A.. Palma A.; Mammina, C.; Thomas, E.; BELLAFIORE, M; Battaglia, G.; Moro, T; De Paoli, A; Palma, A.(Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas – LIP, Lisboa, Portugal)

    2014-01-01

    Background It is anecdotally recognized that commercial gym users assume supplements in order to improve performance or health. However, dietary behaviours of people and athletes attending commercial gyms have been poorly studied. The exact amount and frequency of dietary supplements consumption are still needed to be investigated. The main purpose of this study is to understand the quantity and quality of food intake, as well as dietary supplementation in people attending commercial gyms. Se...

  2. The Impact of Market Orientation on SMMEs in Developing Economies: A Case-study of Botswana

    OpenAIRE

    Olumide Jaiyeoba

    2011-01-01

    The anecdotal research conducted on market orientation in service small businesses and the mixed findings on the impact of market orientation and business performance reported complicate efforts amongst both academics and practitioners to conclude on the real effects of the construct upon business performance. This is exacerbated by the acute paucity of empirical research conducted on Market Orientation (MO) construct in Botswana, thus representing both an empirical and theoretical gap to whi...

  3. Passive Transfer of Antibodies Protects Immunocompetent and Immunodeficient Mice against Lethal Ebola Virus Infection without Complete Inhibition of Viral Replication

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Manisha; Mahanty, Siddhartha; Bray, Mike; Ahmed, Rafi; Rollin, Pierre E.

    2001-01-01

    Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe, usually fatal illness caused by Ebola virus, a member of the filovirus family. The use of nonhomologous immune serum in animal studies and blood from survivors in two anecdotal reports of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in humans has shown promise, but the efficacy of these treatments has not been demonstrated definitively. We have evaluated the protective efficacy of polyclonal immune serum in a mouse model of Ebola virus infection. Our results demonstrate that m...

  4. Morphometric characterization of the mesoamerican slider (trachemys venusta, emydidae) from the atrato river basin, colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia P. Ceballos; William A. Brand

    2014-01-01

    A group of 89 sliders, Trachemys venusta, were confiscated by the local authorities in the Atrato river basin of Colombia. The life history of this species has known from populations in different countries but in Colombia there is only one anecdotic report that is 50 years old. Given the wide biogeography and diversity of forms of this species throughout its range from Mexico to Colombia, we report this case of turtle confiscation and use this opportunity to document the morphometry that this...

  5. Morphometric Characterization of the Mesoamerican Slider (Trachemys venusta, Emydidae) from the Atrato river basin, Colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia P. Ceballos; William A. Brand

    2014-01-01

    A group of 89 sliders, Trachemys venusta, were confiscated by the local authorities in the Atrato river basin of Colombia. The life history of this species has known from populations in different countries but in Colombia there is only one anecdotic report that is 50 years old. Given the wide biogeography and diversity of forms of this species throughout its range from Mexico to Colombia, we report this case of turtle confiscation and use this opportunity to document the morphometry that this...

  6. Problem based learning for continuing professional education: an exploration of the method and its effectiveness.

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, Mark John

    2003-01-01

    Introduction - Problem Based Learning is an approach to teaching and learning that has been designed using theory and research evidence about the nature of learning and of professional expertise and has been widely adopted. The advocates of Problem Based Learning claim many advantages for the approach. However it is often unclear what is meant by the term, and claims appear to be based on anecdotal evidence or small scale evaluative studies. There appear to be few reports of the use of Pr...

  7. The Effects of Gun Prevalence on Burglary: Deterrence vs Inducement

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, Philip J.; Jens Ludwig

    2002-01-01

    The proposition that widespread gun ownership serves as a deterrent to residential burglary is widely touted by advocates, but the evidence is weak, consisting of anecdotes, interviews with burglars, casual comparisons with other countries, and the like. A more systematic exploration requires data on local rates of gun ownership and of residential burglary, and such data have only recently become available. In this paper we exploit a new well-validated proxy for local gun-ownership prevalence...

  8. Oral Ketamine in the Palliative Care Setting: A Review of the Literature and Case Report of a Patient With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Glomus Tumor-Associated Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Soto, Eliezer; Stewart, Douglas R; Mannes, Andrew J.; Sarah L Ruppert; Baker, Karen; Zlott, Daniel; Handel, Daniel; Berger, Ann M.

    2011-01-01

    Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, has been shown to be effective not only for its anesthetic properties but also for the analgesic and opiate-sparing effects. However, data on efficacy and safety of oral ketamine for the treatment of neuropathic or cancer pain syndromes is limited with most of the evidence based on small clinical trials and anecdotal experiences. In this review, we will analyze the clinical data on oral ketamine in the palliative care setting. Afte...

  9. Sport-related domestic violence : exploring the complex relationship between sporting events and domestic violence

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Damien John; Neville, Fergus Gilmour

    2014-01-01

    The link between sport and violence is widely acknowledged. While the focus has been on “player violence” and “crowd violence” it is recognised that a variety of other incidents of sports-related violence exist, including domestic violence. Empirical and anecdotal evidence point toward increased rates of domestic violence among male athletes. Moreover, there is evidence that domestic violence also increases around sporting events in wider society; however, the evidence is at times contradicto...

  10. Understanding Fear of Failure in Entrepreneurship: A Cognitive Process Framework

    OpenAIRE

    James Hayton; Gabriella Cacciotti; Andreas Giazitzoglu; J. Robert Mitchell; Chris Ainge

    2013-01-01

    There is a broadly held assumption within the entrepreneurship literature that fear of failure is always and only an inhibitor of entrepreneurial behavior. However, anecdotal evidence and psychological theory suggest that this assumption is flawed. If fear stimulates greater striving in some cases or situations, then perhaps it can be a friend as much as a foe. The motivating value of fear may have consequences for the reactions, decisions, health and well-being of the entrepreneur. Unfortuna...

  11. Winning Large International Projects In China: A Network Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Heap, A; Campbell, N.

    1990-01-01

    This paper looks at the marketing of large scale infrastructure projects such as power stations, industrial plant, communication and transport systems. On the whole marketing literature has tended to neglect such projects to focus more toward low unit cost based transactions. Moreover, when large projects are dealt with in the general business literature they are often descriptive anecdotal accounts of particular projects providing a wealth of technical information rather than offering concep...

  12. Regulation of Inflammatory Gene Expression in PBMCs by Immunostimulatory Botanicals

    OpenAIRE

    Karen L Denzler; Robert Waters; Jacobs, Bertram L.; Yvan Rochon; Langland, Jeffrey O.

    2010-01-01

    Many hundreds of botanicals are used in complementary and alternative medicine for therapeutic use as antimicrobials and immune stimulators. While there exists many centuries of anecdotal evidence and few clinical studies on the activity and efficacy of these botanicals, limited scientific evidence exists on the ability of these botanicals to modulate the immune and inflammatory responses. Using botanogenomics (or herbogenomics), this study provides novel insight into inflammatory genes which...

  13. How do medical school applicants respond to the requirement for 'work experience'? An exploration of 'going abroad'

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Stephen,; Timm, Anja

    2015-01-01

    Background and Purpose Arranging work experience prior to medical school can for many potential applicants prove extremely difficult, with access to clinical settings often considered the ideal type. Potential applicants struggle to interpret the official guidance from medical schools1, making the application process intensely unsettling. Anecdotal evidence suggests that some UK-based candidates have been responding to these perceived requirements by paying to undertake commerc...

  14. Calculus teaching and learning in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Karjanto, N.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses an experience of teaching Calculus classes for the freshmen students enrolled at Sungkyunkwan University, one of the private universities in South Korea. The teaching and learning approach is a balance combination between the teacher-oriented traditional style of lecturing and other activities that encourage students for active learning and classroom participation. Based on the initial observation during several semesters, some anecdotal evidences show that students' le...

  15. “COLUMN” AS A ‘INFORMATİVE TEXT’ İN CHİLD LİTERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil Erdem ÇOCUK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, column which cannot be found a place to itself in the child literature and which is a type of informative text of which appropriateness is questioned to child is taken as a question. In most of the books that were scanned, “colun” is not mentioned sufficiently, in the books in which “coulumn” is mentioned, it is not studied in detail. Columns takes its place under the title of anecdote in the literature. In the theoretical works written about child literature, anecdote part is just defined, and anecdote is mentioned as a type of folk literature. In this study, the concept of the child literature is emphasized, and the distinction between literature and child literature is discussed. Moreover, the contribution of column to the development of child’s physical, mental intellectual, and language development is emphasized by giving the general properties of column type of writing. Later, the question of how much the column type of writing emphasized in the Turkish course books is tried to be answered. At the end of the study, a text of column is written in the context of second level of primary Turkish programmes by taking the themes and outcomes into consideration. In this study, screening model is used.

  16. El discurso narrativo kawésqar. Textos narrativos no míticos (segunda parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar E. Aguilera F.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta publicación es la segunda parte del examen descriptivo del discurso narrativo no mítico kawésqar desde el punto de vista de la gramática del discurso; se analizan aquí los diferentes tipos de párrafos que aparecen tanto en discursos no híbridos (anecdóticos, históricos y relatos de viaje como híbridos, siendo estos combinaciones de discursos expositivo-narrativos, autobiográfico-anecdóticos, anecdóticos-viajes, históricos-procesos e históricos-viajes. (This paper is the second part of a descriptive analysis of Kawesqar nonmythical narrative discourse from the point of view of discourse grammar; this part examines the different paragraph types that occur in both nonhybrid (anecdotic and historical discourses, as well as travelogues, and hybrid discourses, being the latter combinations of declarative-narrative, autobiographic-anecdotic, anecdotic-travelogue, historical-process, and historical-travelogue discourses.

  17. Using Evidence-Based Design to Improve Pharmacy Department Efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenroyd, Fraser L; Hayward, Rebecca; Price, Andrew; Demian, Peter; Sharma, Shrikant

    2016-10-01

    Using a case study of a pharmacy department rebuild in the South West of England, this article examines the use of evidence-based design to improve the efficiency and staff well-being with a new design. This article compares three designs, the current design, an anecdotal design, and an evidence-based design, to identify how evidence-based design can improve efficiency and staff well-being by reducing walking time and distance. Data were collected from the existing building and used to measure the efficiency of the department in its current state. These data were then mapped onto an anecdotal design, produced by architects from interviews and workshops with the end users, and an evidence-based design, produced by highlighting functions with high adjacencies. This changed the view on the working processes within the department, shifting away from a focus on the existing robotic dispensing system. Using evidence-based design was found to decrease the walking time and distance for staff by 24%, as opposed to the anecdotal design, which increased these parameters by 9%, and is predicted to save the department 248 min across 2 days in staff time spent walking.

  18. La mujer en las anécdotas de Voltaire sobre Luis XIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Aguilà Solana

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available In Le Siècle de Louis XIV and in Anec-dotes sur Louis XIV, Voltaire deals with some episodes of the king’s private life. The female figure is a key element in Voltaire’s anecdotes since it is connected not only with the love life and home environment of the monarch, but also with the political scene of the time. In this way, Anne of Austria, Marie-Thérèse of Austria, Henri-etta of England, Adélaïde of Savoy, Made-moiselle de La Vallière, Madame de Mon-tespan, and Madame de Maintenon, among others, are close to Louis XIV at different moments of his life. As a historiographer, Voltaire is aware that his writing should be at the sovereign’s service. Thus, in his anec-dotal accounts of Louis XIV, Voltaire por-trays a king whose most remarkable feature lies in his power as an absolute monarch as much as in his feelings as a man.

  19. Preparing a new book on ATLAS

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni de Oliveira

    A book about the ATLAS project and the ATLAS collaboration is going to be published and available for sale in mid 2008. The book is intended to be a symbol of appreciation for all the people from ATLAS institutes, triggering fond memories through photos, interviews, short commentaries and anecdotes about the daily life and milestones encountered while designing, constructing and completing ATLAS. We would like to give you the opportunity to collaborate with this project in two different ways: Firstly, please send us the best anecdotes related to ATLAS that you remember. To submit anecdotes, send an email to Claudia.Marcelloni@cern.ch. Secondly, you are invited to participate in our PHOTO COMPETITION. Please send the best photos you have of ATLAS attached with a description, the location, and date taken. The categories are: Milestones in the process of designing and building the detector, People at work and Important gatherings. To submit photos you should go to the CDS page and select ATLAS Photo Competi...

  20. Specialty group differences over tonsillectomy: pediatricians versus otolaryngologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, S

    1998-01-01

    How physicians in different specialties explain their positions on tonsillectomy is explored using data based on in-depth interviews with 53 physicians. Justifications for and against particular indications, assessments of efficacy, and explanations of tonsillar function and pathology are presented. Clear specialty-specific differences exist, especially between pediatricians and otolaryngologists. Opposing specialty views rest upon radically different versions of cost/benefit assessment, whereas evaluations of efficacy are based primarily on conceptual reasoning and anecdotal accounts. Physicians' opinion of clinical trial results are specialty-dependent and are used to sustain specialty viewpoints. The implications of such specialty group differences for public policy are discussed. PMID:10558327