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Sample records for andra veidemann mari-lin

  1. Vangi dilemma / Andra Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Andra, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Pidev konkurents hävitab usaldust. Tuleb leida tasakaal ühelt poolt turumajanduse võistlusele rajaneva ja teiselt poolt perede ning kogukondade rüpes kujuneva koostöövaimu vahel. Eesti ühiskonna lõhenemine

  2. Rein Veidemann elab vana kodulinna provintslusilminguid valusalt läbi / Rein Veidemann ; interv. Rein Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnust pärit kirjanik-poliitik Rein Veidemann meenutab lapsepõlve, kooliaega, laulvat revolutsiooni. Vt. samas: Rein Veidemann; Kuidas Veidemann okupandiks sattus; Veidemann tegi koos Ojakääruga Rääma kooli hümni; Rein Kask. Meenutus

  3. Gromootvod polititsheskogo naprjazhenija / Andra Veidemann ; interv. Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Andra, 1955-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti kultuuriatashee Moskvas vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tööd diplomaadina, karjääri, Eesti-Vene kultuurisuhteid pärast aprillisündmusi, Eesti kultuuri tutvustamist, eesti kirjanike teoste tõlkimist ja avaldamist Venemaal. Vt. samas: Spravka "DD"

  4. ANDRA, 2006 activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The French national agency of radioactive waste management (ANDRA) was marked in 2006 by two outstanding events: the publication of the national inventory of radioactive wastes and valorisable materials, and the vote of the law from June 28, 2006 relative to the sustainable management of radioactive wastes and materials. This road-map law has an impact on ANDRA's activities for the coming years. This activity report presents several 2006 highlights of ANDRA's missions as well: the public service mission, the by-law about the effluents of the Aube plant for the storage of low-medium activity wastes, the building of the first 'double-cell' at the very-low activity waste storage plant of Aube, the research studies about the project of deep underground disposal of high-medium activity, long-living wastes, and the public information about ANDRA's technical and scientific know-how. The management and financial reports are attached in appendix. (J.S.)

  5. Luulelõunale tuleb Rein Veidemann / Kaja Tammar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammar, Kaja

    2017-01-01

    Rapla Keskraamatukogu suvisel luulelõunal esineb eesti kirjandusteadlane, ajakirjanik, kirjanik ja õppejõud, Tallinna Ülikooli humanitaarteaduste instituudi emeriitprofessor Rein Veidemann. Rein Veidemanni kultuurikriitikast ja ilmunud loomingust

  6. ANDRA. 2003 activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-05-01

    This document includes both the activity report and the management and financial situation report of the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). Content: ANDRA's missions: 1 - the industrial mission (short-lived low- and medium-level wastes, a new disposal facility for the very low level wastes, wastes from diffuse nuclear origins); 2 - the research mission (methodology and approach, knowledge gained in 2003, the 2003 experimental program of the Meuse-Haute Marne underground laboratory, the three approaches applied to research, projects for radium- and graphite-bearing wastes, international relations); 3 - information mission (public expectations and specific answers, inventory mission). (J.S.)

  7. Andra 1997 activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-07-01

    This activity report comprises two parts. The first part describes the missions and activities of the ANDRA (the French agency for the management of radioactive wastes): quality control of wastes produced by EdF, CEA, Cogema and the 1100 other small producers, design, construction and management of storage centres, anticipation and development of new management solutions, research and evaluation studies on deep storage facilities, inventory and control of all radioactive materials present in the French territory. The second part is a presentation of financial data. (J.S.)

  8. ANDRA takes responsibility for waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wallard, Henri

    1993-01-01

    Concerned by the level of local public opposition to plans for disposing of high level radioactive waste, the French government and parliament launched comprehensive reviews of the issues involved. The resulting national programme, which is being carried out by ANDRA, is designed to ensure that all alternatives are examined and that the public and parliament have the last word. (Author)

  9. Future industrial issues for ANDRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Auverlot, D.

    1998-01-01

    ANDRA manages industrially 90 % in volume of radioactive waste produced in France. This is short life waste of low and medium activity. In compliance with the law of 1991, which transformed it into a public body with an industrial and commercial character, ANDRA also heads aspect 2 of the research into the 10 % of remaining highly active long life waste, by attempting to evaluate the possibilities of storing it in deep geological layers, either reversibly or irreversibly. The industrial issues of the future for ANDRA can be in different forms, following three meeting of major importance for ANDRA and for the producers of nuclear waste. These are: the meeting of 2006, at the end of which, in compliance with the law of 1991, the Parliament must re-examine the question of the management of highly active, long life waste; the renewal of nuclear facilities; the future meeting concerning future generations. However, whatever these different stage and whatever the different types of waste considered, the single and major challenge with which ANDRA is confronted is to prove that it is capable of providing a sure danger-free management of all radioactive waste. In this context, it appears necessary, today, to intensify research into aspects 1 and 3 of the law of 1991, to respect the balance of the three aspects. This in fact constitutes an essential pledge of the credibility of the procedure instituted by the law: at present, to clearly specify the research into surface storing in the short or long terms; building the three laboratories, the authorization for which has been subject to public inquiry. And also to keep, for 2006, the largest possible choice of the geological environment. (author)

  10. Andra's geologic repository monitoring strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buschaert, S.; Lesoille, S.; Bertrand, J.; Landais, P.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. After having concluded a feasibility study of deep geological disposal for high-level and long-lived radioactive waste in 2005, Andra was charged by the Planning Act no. 2006-739 to design and create an industrial site for geological disposal called Cigeo which must be reversible for at least a century-long period. The French Safety Guide recommends that Andra develop a monitoring program to be implemented at repository construction and conducted until closure, and possibly after closure, with the aim to confirming prior expectations and enhancing knowledge of relevant processes. This abstract focuses on underground structure monitoring. The monitoring system is based on a combination of in-situ instrumentation and nondestructive methods to obtain the required level of reliable performance. To optimize the device distribution, we take into account both the repetitive design of disposal cells and the homogeneity of the rock properties. This resulted in distinguishing pilot disposal cells that are highly instrumented and standard disposal cells where the instrumentation density could be reduced; monitoring will rely mostly on robotic nondestructive evaluations. If monitoring technologies do not comply with all monitoring objectives, real withdrawal tests of high level wastes in some pilot disposal cells are also planned to provide the possibility of carrying out visual inspection, destructive analyses and samplings on construction materials. Such cells are planned to be dismantled because of the potential disturbance of their component performances from the testing process. Based on this overall strategy, Andra has analyzed the technical requirements that must be met by its monitoring equipment. First, these must be able to provide information on key THMCR (Thermal- Hydraulic-Mechanical-Chemical and Radiological) processes, to provide a three-dimensional image of a disposal component's behavior and thus to understand

  11. Rein Veidemann ja Erkki Bahovski tulevad lugejale külla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Emeriitprofessor Rein Veidemann esitleb Pärnu keskraamatukogus oma uusi raamatuid: luuleantoloogiat "Sada hetke Eesti luules" ja debüütluulekogu "Lausungid ja pausid". Ajakirjanik Erkki Bahovski räägib huvilistele päevapoliitikast, Eesti ajaloost ja rahvusvahelistest suhetest

  12. ANDRA activity and sustainable development report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    After a presentation of the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes), and of the main actors of the management of radioactive wastes in France, this report indicates and comments actions performed by the ANDRA on its different sites, government decisions, projects, control operations, international cooperation, or information actions which occurred during 2010. These actions concern waste storage or recycling, research and development, storage sites and equipment, information actions or campaign

  13. Andra - R and D activity report 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-07-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), created in 1979 within the CEA, was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied, - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories, - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This document is the 2016 annual activity report of the Andra for the R and D mission. It presents: the 2016 R and D highlights, the R and D at the service of Andra's projects and activities, the Andra partnership with the scientific community, and the scientific governance of the Andra. The patents issued by the Andra and the PhD Theses defended and in progress are listed in the appendix

  14. Andra - R and D activity report 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-09-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), created in 1979 within the CEA, was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied, - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories, - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This document is the 2015 annual activity report of the Andra for the R and D mission. It presents: the 2015 R and D highlights, the R and D at the service of Andra's projects and activities (towards Cigeo's industrial development, main R and D results for a key step of the low level-long living wastes project, R and D at the service of surface facilities operation), the Andra partnership with the scientific community (mobilization, PhDs, projects investment, conference and workshops participation), and the restructuring of the scientific governance of the Andra. The patents issued by the Andra and the defended PhD Theses are listed in the appendix

  15. Andra in Meuse/Haute-Marne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mazoyer, David

    2016-11-01

    Every year, France generates tens of thousands of cubic metres of radioactive waste. This waste comes from various sectors which make use of the properties of radioactivity, including nuclear power generation, defence, industry, health care and research. At present, Andra operates two waste disposal facilities in the Aube where 90% of the total volume of radioactive waste generated every year is managed. For safety reasons, the remaining 10% cannot be disposed of at these surface facilities. Some of this waste, known as high-level waste (HLW) and intermediate-level long-lived waste (ILW-LL), is highly radioactive and can remain hazardous for several hundred thousand years. A suitable solution must be implemented to manage such waste, as set down in the Act of 28 June 2006: reversible disposal in a deep geological formation. Starting with its Underground Research Laboratory in Bure (in the Meuse department), on which construction began in 2000, Andra has gradually expanded the facilities at the Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre (CMHM) in the area. In 2007, the Perennial Observatory of the Environment (OPE) was set up to better understand changes over time in the natural environment around Andra's facilities and, in 2009, the Technological Exhibition Facility opened in Saudron (in the Haute-Marne department), to present the Cigeo geological disposal facility project. Last, the Environmental Specimen Bank opened in 2014. Here, environmental monitoring samples taken in connection with the OPE are conserved for at least one hundred years. In addition to contributing to development of the two departments by creating jobs and purchasing from local suppliers, Andra has been committed to working alongside local players for the last twenty years, becoming an integral part of economic, social and cultural life in the region. If the Cigeo project is approved, the site will become a leading industrial, research and education cluster for the region. This document presents: the Andra

  16. ANDRA - 2012 activity and sustainable development report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renauld, Valerie; Levert, Anne-Sophie; Muzerelle, Sophie; Cassoli, Emmanuel

    2013-07-01

    After a brief presentation of the main events during 2012, a recall of the ANDRA's mission (national inventory of radioactive materials and wastes), and a brief presentation of staffing data, this report presents and comments the activities of the ANDRA in the industrial domain (the Cigeo project for deep geological disposal of radioactive wastes, activities of the Aube centres and of the Manche storage centre, perspectives for low-activity long-life wastes, decontamination of polluted sites), in the scientific field (European projects, support to education and training, participation to a colloquium on clays, activities in the field of numerical simulation, activities of the 'Observatoire de l'Environnement'). The next part address the international activities, local commitments (in relationship with the different storage and industrial centres, or in the field of education and training), and activities related to communication and information

  17. ANDRA's news; L'actualite de l'Andra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This press kit presents the three missions of the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) and the main highlights of these three missions for the second half of 2003: 1 - industrial mission: the very low radioactive waste disposal facility of Morvilliers (543 m{sup 3} of waste packages already stored), the Aube disposal facility (exploitation data), the Manche disposal facility (adaptation to new monitoring standards); 2 - the research mission: the Meuse/Haute-Marne laboratory (progress of works and experimental program), the mobilization of competences (international expertise of ANDRA's researches about deep underground disposal, the coordination of the European program ESDRED); 3 - the information mission: national inventory of radioactive wastes, publications and events, recall of ANDRA's missions. (J.S.)

  18. ANDRA. 2003 activity report; ANDRA. Rapport d'activite 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-05-01

    This document includes both the activity report and the management and financial situation report of the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). Content: ANDRA's missions: 1 - the industrial mission (short-lived low- and medium-level wastes, a new disposal facility for the very low level wastes, wastes from diffuse nuclear origins); 2 - the research mission (methodology and approach, knowledge gained in 2003, the 2003 experimental program of the Meuse-Haute Marne underground laboratory, the three approaches applied to research, projects for radium- and graphite-bearing wastes, international relations); 3 - information mission (public expectations and specific answers, inventory mission). (J.S.)

  19. ANDRA, 2006 activity report; ANDRA, Rapport d'activite 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The French national agency of radioactive waste management (ANDRA) was marked in 2006 by two outstanding events: the publication of the national inventory of radioactive wastes and valorisable materials, and the vote of the law from June 28, 2006 relative to the sustainable management of radioactive wastes and materials. This road-map law has an impact on ANDRA's activities for the coming years. This activity report presents several 2006 highlights of ANDRA's missions as well: the public service mission, the by-law about the effluents of the Aube plant for the storage of low-medium activity wastes, the building of the first 'double-cell' at the very-low activity waste storage plant of Aube, the research studies about the project of deep underground disposal of high-medium activity, long-living wastes, and the public information about ANDRA's technical and scientific know-how. The management and financial reports are attached in appendix. (J.S.)

  20. ANDRA - Management report and financial statements 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-07-01

    The first part of this ANDRA report (French National Agency for radioactive waste management) comments the global financial balance and the evolution of the personnel. It briefly presents the CIGEO project, the FA-VL project (low activity and long life). It presents the various industrial activities such as surface storage centres, nuclear activities outside the electronuclear sector (waste collection, polluted sites, national inventory of radioactive wastes). It evokes public subsidies, investments, and the international activity. It discusses the securing of the future nuclear burden financing. It briefly indicates the main objectives for 2012. The second part contains the different tables of the financial statements. These accounts are discussed and commented in appendix

  1. Andra long term memory project - 59277

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charton, Patrick; Boissier, Fabrice; Martin, Guillaume

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Long term memory of repositories is required by safety, reversibility and social expectations. Thus Andra has implemented since 2010 a long-term memory project to reinforce and diversify its current arrangements in this field, as well as to explore opportunities to extend memory keeping over thousands years. The project includes opportunity studies of dedicated facilities. The 'Ecotheque' and 'Geotheque' projects contribute to memory respectively through environmental and geological samples preservation. The options of creating (i) an archive centre for Andra's interim and permanent archives, (ii) an artist center to study the contribution of arts to memory preservation, (iii) a museum of radioactive waste disposal history and technology (radium industry..., sea disposal, current solutions...) are considered. Other studies provided by the project examine our heritage. This includes the continuity of languages and symbolic systems, the continuity of writing and engraving methods, the archaeology of landscapes (memory of the earths evolution, multi-century memory of industrial and agricultural landscapes), the archaeology practices (how might a future archaeologist be interested in our current activity?), the preservation of historical sites and industrial memory, the continuity of institutional organizations, the memory and history of science evolution as well as broad history

  2. A will of dialogue and openness. ANDRA's activity report 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    After an interview with the ANDRA's CEO and a brief presentation of some figures about the ANDRA's personnel, this report reviews the activities of the French national Agency for radioactive waste management (ANDRA): search for a site for a storage centre for low-level long-life wastes, the contract signed between ANDRA and the French State to define operational objectives and activities for the next four years, a survey on the collecting of wastes from small producers, activity of decontamination of polluted sites, safety investigation on the Manche's storage centre, control of the environmental impact of the Aube's storage centre, storage centre project for low-level long-life wastes, geological studies for the storage centre project for high-and-intermediate long-life wastes, a price received for the ANDRA's underground laboratory, and international activities

  3. ANDRA 2009 activity report: managing today to prepare the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    This activity report first presents the four-year contract between the French State and the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes), the personnel working for ANDRA. Then, it presents various activities of ANDRA in the field of the management of radioactive materials and pollutions (material and waste survey, security of polluted sites, collecting radioactive wastes and objects, public information), its operational activities (evolution and project of storage sites), its design activities for storage sites for different types of wastes (life and activity). It also describes activities in the fields of international expertise and of protection of industrial concepts

  4. 2009-2012 State-ANDRA four-year contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    Signed by State representatives and representatives of the French national Agency for radioactive waste management (ANDRA), this document defines for the four years to come several objectives for the action and the activities of the ANDRA considered as an industrial operator, as an innovating actor possessing a high level research capacity, as a public expert guaranteeing the radioactive waste management solutions, as an information and valorization centre for France and foreign countries. All these objectives are further detailed in appendix

  5. Evaluation 2002 - perspectives 2003 of the Andra activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    The french Government entrusts the Andra, National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management, with three main missions presented in this paper. An industrial mission which concerns the implementation and the management of storage Centers. The research mission concerns researches in the domains of the earth sciences, the materials, the environment, the simulation, the monitoring and the survey. The Andra is also looking after the a mission of information with the realization of the National Inventory of wastes. (A.L.B.)

  6. Government/Andra 2001/2004 quadrennial contract; Contrat quadriennal 2001/2004 Etat/Andra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) was created on December 31, 1991 with the objective of carrying out research works in the domain of the long term management of radioactive wastes: research programs, management of waste disposal facilities, realisation and exploitation of underground laboratories for the design and setting up of new disposal facilities, definition of safety rules, conditioning and disposal specifications, inventory and localization of all radioactive wastes inside the French territory. This documents aims at defining the missions of the Andra for the 2001-2004 era, ten years after its creation: classification of radioactive wastes; positioning and missions of the Agency; objectives for the industrial mission (safety, storage and disposal solutions, management solutions, continuation of the inventory work, optimization of disposal costs, memory and surveillance); objectives of the research mission (high scientific level projects, structuration of researches, reinforcement of the coordination between the 3 axes of the 1991 law, exploitation and management of underground laboratories, spreading out of scientific results); objectives of the information mission (inventory and localization of wastes, realization of a reference inventory, contribution to the local information, proposal for a clear and verifiable information); international policy objectives (promotion of contacts and cooperations with foreign partners, representation of the Agency among the big international organizations, punctual missions for the valorization of the Agency competencies); evaluation and quality assurance inside the Agency (safety evaluation, scientific and technical evaluation, quality policy and environment, ethics, contract follow up). (J.S.)

  7. Confidence, Actors' Beliefs and Transparency: the Case of ANDRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buclet, Nicolas; Bouzidi, Youcef

    2003-01-01

    Considering the predominant position of nuclear power in France, one could think that nuclear in France has always benefited from a high consensus within the French opinion. The emerging of nuclear and its development through years in France, might seem to have taken place in a rather singular climate of good social acceptability, if compared with other countries. Yet, now that the question has to be raised concerning the management of long-life radioactive waste, things are complicated. A strong contest accompanies each choice of a site that could be dedicated to stocking those very sensitive wastes. Actually, only one site has been found and accepted by local political authorities. A laboratory has been created by ANDRA, with the scope to study the opportunity to stock long-life radioactive waste. The decision should take place in 2006 and, since many years, is at the origin of a strong controversy between actors in favour or against the project. How to explain that? Why in a country where everything has been done for the nuclear development, is it so difficult to find a place to manage the residues of such an activity? It is even amazing to see that, on this specific topic, controversy is even stronger in France than in Sweden, although the Swedish opinion is by far less nuclear-friendly than the French one. The present paper focuses on one aspect of the strategy followed by ANDRA in order to achieve its mission: the essential aspect of the social acceptability of its activities. The comprehension of the difficulties met by ANDRA is not possible without taking into account the history of French nuclear and the catastrophic lack of democracy that characterised it. Among the results from an inquiry done by CREIDD for ANDRA in 2002, it indeed emerged that ANDRA was most of all perceived as an entity belonging to a global 'nuclear sphere'. Although rather young, ANDRA therefore has to carry with it the 'weigh of history' of the whole 'sphere', and its social

  8. State-Andra performance contract 2017-2021

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-12-01

    After a brief presentation of the ANDRA and of its missions, of challenges faced by this agency in the elaboration of the performance contract in addressing waste issues, the role of time and life cycle for storages, and the collaboration with territories, this publication presents ANDRA's objectives for the period 2017-2021 according to six main strategic axes: to conduct a transformation of the agency, to set the environment and dialogue with society at the core of its action, to make Cigeo a collective success, to confirm the ANDRA's industrial excellence and to contribute the one of the whole sector, to develop, capitalise and transmit knowledge, to develop the public agency model as a reference for a safe waste management with a good and reasonable taking of challenges into account

  9. Andra. Everything on the management of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-08-01

    This publication briefly presents the ANDRA, the French National Agency for the management of radioactive wastes, its mission, its activities, its financing, and some key figures. It briefly presents the phenomenon of radioactivity, radioactive wastes and their storage. It presents the different classes of radioactive wastes (very-low-level, low- and intermediate-level and short-lived, low-level and long-lived, high-level and intermediate-level and long-lived) and their storage principles. It sketches the pathway followed by a waste from its production to its storage. It presents the various ANDRA sites

  10. ANDRA's Long-Term Memory-Preservation Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charton, Patrick; Dumont, Jean-Noel

    2012-01-01

    Maintaining the memory of repositories over the long term is required not only to ensure safety and reversibility (legal requirements), but also in response to social expectations. Since 2010, ANDRA has been implementing a long-term memory preservation program to reinforce and diversify its current arrangements in that field, as well as explore opportunities to extend memory keeping over thousands of years. As a reference solution, ANDRA uses the arrangement and practices in place at its surface disposal facilities. Although at ANDRA they are well aware of the fact that the operational time of a LILW disposal corresponds more or less with the implementation time of a geological disposal, useful insights can nevertheless be gained from the experience with short-lived LILW. The reference solution implemented at the Centre de la Manche and de l'Aube includes five memorization devises, differentiating between passive and active memory keeping. There are three passive memories, consisting of copies with various degrees of information on permanent paper, and two active memories, consisting of oral transmissions under the form of events and meetings with various (local) stakeholders. For HLW, ANDRA calculates a timescale of 200 years for the total implementation of a geological disposal, and a minimum of memory of 500 years afterwards, which necessitates conservation of RK and M for 700 years in total. Permanent paper lasts 600-1000 years. ANDRA also developed a sapphire disk which can contain large amounts of records and endure 1 million years. In fact this device created more questions; the purpose is exactly to question 'solutions' that are solely based on engineering. It for instance evokes questions such as 'Which languages should we use, which graphical material should we add, how can we avoid vandalism, what meaning will future generations give to the traces we leave?' All these issues and more are being investigated under ANDRA's long term memory preservation

  11. Assessment of the 2005-2008 State-ANDRA contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    This report proposes an assessment of the activity of the ANDRA (French national Agency for radioactive waste management) with respect to its different missions, i.e., an industrial mission, a research mission, and an information mission, but also with respect to evaluation practices and to its human resources. For each of these main issues, this report recalls the objectives as they were defined in the 2005-2008 contract and indicates what has been done about

  12. ANDRA - Annual sustainable development and activity report 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-11-01

    After two texts on the themes of change and dialogue signed by ANDRA's CEO and CBA (Chairman of the Board of Administrators), this report proposes a large overview of the French national radioactive waste management Agency, ANDRA, in the fields of governance (missions, installations, institutional representatives, customers, launching of the Meuse/Haute-Marne inter-district development scheme, 2009 report on the Cigeo project), of human resources (place of women and men, payroll, the Customer Industrial Solutions department, a new approach to customer relations, Cigeo project), of public service missions (site cleaning up, containment of radioactive wastes, radium diagnosis), of industry (Cigeo project, Manche disposal facility, very-low-level waste disposal facility in the Aube district, a crane to move a roof-canopy, low- and intermediate-level waste disposal facility in the Aube district, test of crisis communication, ASN inspections), of the environment (permanent environmental observatory, radiological impact of disposal facilities), of scientific policy (strategic research agenda, relationships with higher education, opinion of experts on ANDRA research), of technological research (new experiments in laboratory, patent in metrology, computer tools, geological knowledge and modelling of the Meuse and Haute-Marne districts, radioactive waste behaviour, issues of intellectual property), of experiments and development, of international commitment and relationships (with South Korea, Eastern Europe, Hungary and Morocco, European directive on radioactive wastes), of sustainable development (local contracts, sponsorship and partnership), of dialogue, transparency and communication, of commitment for future generations, and of future perspectives

  13. 2005-2008 government-ANDRA quadrennial contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Radioactive waste management represents an important field of intervention for public authorities who define and implement the public policy around these wastes. The public policy defines the safety framework of this management with a permanent care in ensuring the protection of people and of the environment. One fundamental step in the definition of the public policy was the vote of the law from December 30, 1991 which led to the creation of the national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). The ANDRA is a public, industrial and commercial agency in charge of the long term management of radioactive wastes. In order to define the orientations of ANDRA's action, a contract was established in the year 2000 and signed in 2001 for the 2001-2004 era. It has consolidated the general framework of the agency's action and defined the goals to be reached. This contractual approach aimed at giving the public agency an accountableness and at defining priorities with respect to the actions to be implemented. (J.S.)

  14. ANDRA's Management report and financial statement December 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    This management report indicates the main operation events in the activity of the ANDRA (the French national Agency for radioactive waste management) during 2008, and of its waste storage centres. It comments the evolution of the various characteristic figures (production, personnel, financial result, certification), and reports the evolution of two projects (the HA-MAVL project for the creation of a storage centre for high- and intermediate-level long-life wastes, and the FA-VL project for the creation of a storage centre for low-level long-life wastes). It reviews ANDRA's industrial activity evolution, that is the operation of several storage centres and the activities related to small waste producers and polluted sites. It comments the level and the evolution of the public subside, briefly describes other activities (national inventory of radioactive materials and wastes, activity at the international level), the financing of future nuclear loads, the action for a sustainable development, the prospective evolution for 2009. In a second part, after the financial statement tables, the report comments these financial results. The different authorities are presented and the official auditor's report concludes this document

  15. Government/Andra 2001/2004 quadrennial contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) was created on December 31, 1991 with the objective of carrying out research works in the domain of the long term management of radioactive wastes: research programs, management of waste disposal facilities, realisation and exploitation of underground laboratories for the design and setting up of new disposal facilities, definition of safety rules, conditioning and disposal specifications, inventory and localization of all radioactive wastes inside the French territory. This documents aims at defining the missions of the Andra for the 2001-2004 era, ten years after its creation: classification of radioactive wastes; positioning and missions of the Agency; objectives for the industrial mission (safety, storage and disposal solutions, management solutions, continuation of the inventory work, optimization of disposal costs, memory and surveillance); objectives of the research mission (high scientific level projects, structuration of researches, reinforcement of the coordination between the 3 axes of the 1991 law, exploitation and management of underground laboratories, spreading out of scientific results); objectives of the information mission (inventory and localization of wastes, realization of a reference inventory, contribution to the local information, proposal for a clear and verifiable information); international policy objectives (promotion of contacts and cooperations with foreign partners, representation of the Agency among the big international organizations, punctual missions for the valorization of the Agency competencies); evaluation and quality assurance inside the Agency (safety evaluation, scientific and technical evaluation, quality policy and environment, ethics, contract follow up). (J.S.)

  16. Scientific days, ANDRA 1999. Summary of conferences and poster communications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-12-01

    This document summarizes the content of the 1999 scientific conference days organized by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). The content comprises: the opening session (2 talks), 4 general conferences dealing with important questions relative to feasibility studies of waste disposal. These conferences are complementary to the four technical sessions developed thereafter (hydro-geochemistry and solutes transport in the geosphere; storage materials; geomechanics; research programs in underground laboratories). A large part of the conference was devoted to poster sessions on the following topics: geology, hydro-geochemistry and hydrogeology, geomechanics, storage materials (metals and clay materials), behaviour of radionuclides (geosphere, biosphere), and numerical analysis applied to hydro-geochemistry and transport. (J.S.)

  17. ANDRA 2009 sustainable development report: managing today to prepare the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a discussion of the development of the taking into account of the sustainable development within the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) and the activity of the ANDRA to limit its environmental footprint, this report presents the various activities of the ANDRA to anticipate these issues (by saving storage space, guaranteeing the storage reversibility of high activity and long life wastes, and keeping the memory of the storage centres), to protect the environment (by controlling waste packages, preserving the environment, and surveying health around storage centres), to cooperate with different institutions and bodies (population, local authorities, associations)

  18. Inauguration of the ANDRA atmospheric station in Houdelaincourt; Inauguration de la station atmospherique de l'Andra a Houdelaincourt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This document briefly presents the atmospheric monitoring station inaugurated in Houdelaincourt (Meuse) and installed by the ANDRA within the frame of the ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observing System) European infrastructure project which aims at developing air and greenhouse gas monitoring over Europe. It also recalls that this station is part of a set of means of monitoring, experimentation and protection of the environment within the frame of high and medium level nuclear waste storage project in Meuse and Haute-Marne. The document also proposes brief presentations of the different actors involved in the creation of this station: the LSCE (laboratory of sciences of climate and environment), Meteo-France, Air Lorraine, the IRSN, and the LGGE (laboratory of glaciology and geophysics of the environment)

  19. Radioactive waste, from myth to reality: the stakes for Andra's educational communication efforts - 59287

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comte, Annabelle

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Andra is responsible for proposing and implementing industrial management solutions for France's radioactive waste. Andra's goal is to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to make up his or her own mind on a subject that generates such heated debate within our society. This duty of communication is enshrined in law and is an integral part of Andra's activities, in the same way as research, industry and risk management. Because the subject of radioactive waste is a complex one and concerns such a variety of audiences, Andra adapts its communication policy so that it is accessible to all, according to individual needs and levels of interest. For the 'non-specialists' (general public, young people, etc.) Andra proposes a system built around education and awareness-raising. Its aim is to make the subject of radioactive waste accessible to and comprehensible to as many as possible. Its educational communication approach is built on 3 pillars: first and foremost information, the keystone of any system of communication, then explanation and finally sharing with the legitimate stakeholders in this pedagogical approach. Providing dependable information Andra offers information that is appropriate to the level of knowledge of its audiences and uses all communication media

  20. ANDRA - R and D programme 2013-2016. Executive summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-03-01

    As the ANDRA has defined three strategic orientations for the years to come (period 2013-2016), respectively to prepare the decisions and the construction for the storage of high-level, intermediate-level-long-lived and low-level-long-lived wastes, to guarantee a high level of safety and to improve customer's satisfaction regarding the storage of their ultimate very-low-level and low-and-intermediate-level-short-lived wastes, and to provide and valorise innovating solutions for an optimised management of radioactive wastes, this report presents the different fields of research and development aimed at operational objectives associated with this strategic orientations. This R and D programme is herein presented in five main themes: to preserve the rare source of storage sites, to define requirements and needs-related technical specifications and to adapt them to knowledge progress, to support storage construction and exploitation operations, to define and exploit techniques and networks of control and information, and to optimise materials used in storage

  1. Where, when, how: the place of radioactive wastes in France. Andra, 1998 activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The 1998 activity report of the French national agency of radioactive wastes (Andra) presents successively: the role and missions of the Andra (history, status of radioactive wastes in France, surface storage and know-how, underground research laboratories, site selection and public information); the aspects of safety (inventory, identification and labelling of wastes, environmental policy, public relation, safety rules and reports, information storage); the scientific programs (collaborations, financing, site studies, rock mechanics and reversibility of storage, design of storage facilities, services); financial report. (J.S.)

  2. Management of uncertainties and the role of risk in Andra programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grevoz, A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper aims at presenting some aspects of the management of uncertainties in the programmes of Andra for the study of a deep geological repository for high level, long-lived wastes. After presenting very briefly the context of risk-management in the French safety rules, it will discuss how Andra has attempted to link the notions of uncertainties and risk in its 'Dossier 2001' for the clay medium, how this could be made compatible with a deterministic safety approach, what feedback it got from this first exercise, and what are the perspectives for future work. (author)

  3. Elu turvalisemaks, inimesed jõukamaks / Arnold Rüütel ; interv. Ants Tamme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Arnold, 1928-

    2002-01-01

    Järg Feb/28, Mar/14 lk. 3. President A. Rüütel kutsus vabariigi aastapäeva eel Kadriorgu grupi ajakirjanikke, et koos arutada elukvaliteedi parandamise võimalusi Eestis. Kommenteerib Andra Veidemann

  4. Andra - Everything you ever wanted to know about radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-08-01

    Andra is a publicly owned industrial and commercial body, set up by the French act of 30 December 1991. Its role was expanded by the 2006 Planning Act on the long-term management of radioactive materials and waste. Andra is independent of the producers of radioactive waste, and is under the supervision of the ministries responsible for energy, research and the environment. Andra is responsible for identifying, implementing and guaranteeing safe management solutions for all French radioactive waste, in order to protect present and future generations from the risks inherent in such substances. Andra's role involves a number of activities: running the two existing above-ground disposal facilities in the Aube, the first one for low- and intermediate- level, short-lived waste (LILW-SL) and the other one for very-low-level waste (VLLW), the Cires facility; monitoring the Manche disposal facility, the CSM, France's first above-ground disposal facility for low- and intermediate-level waste, which is now closed; studying and designing disposal facilities for waste as yet without a special facility, that is: Low-level, long-lived waste (LLW-LL), High-level and intermediate-level long-lived waste (HLW, ILW-LL) - the Cigeo project; taking in radioactive waste from hospitals, research laboratories, universities and radioactive objects owned by private individuals (old luminous clocks and watches, health care equipment containing radium, natural laboratory salts, certain minerals, etc.); at the request of the owner or the authorities, cleaning up sites polluted by radioactivity; surveying and listing French radioactive waste and issuing the National Inventory of Radioactive Materials and Waste every three years; informing all members of the public by means of documents, exhibitions, visits to its facilities, etc.; preserving the memory of its centers; promoting and disseminating its know-how outside France. Contents: 1 - Andra, its role, its activities, its funding; 2

  5. The State-ANDRA contract of objectives for 2013-2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fioraso, Genevieve; Moscovici, Pierre; Gonnot, Francois-Michel; Dupuis, Marie-Claude

    2013-05-01

    After a brief presentation of the ANDRA and of its missions, this document discusses the context and strategic orientations: results of the 2009-2012 contract, new elements of context, new priorities for public authorities, and strategic orientations. The next part presents the objectives of the new contract. It describes the various roles the ANDRA is to play: a designer and lead contractor possessing a high level research capacity, an exemplary industrialist, a public expert guarantor of the comprehensiveness of solutions for the management of radioactive wastes, a centre of information and dissemination in France and at the international level, and support and management. Appendices propose a table of activities and sponsors, the main milestones of the contract, a contract follow-up indicator

  6. HA Cells monitoring at the Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in the CMHM (Andra)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gay, Olivier; Allagnat, Dominique; Morel, Jacques; Armand, Gilles

    2010-01-01

    The experimental monitoring program of the HA (High Activity) cells was carried out at the Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in the Meuse Haute Marne department in France (CMHM Andra). Inspections made by video and photographs, section measurements and geo-referenced trajectories, in addition to measurements of convergence, temperature and hygrometry over time, allowed a better analysis of the behaviour of the HA cells after excavation, and subsequently over the long term. (authors)

  7. Scientific days, ANDRA 1999. Summary of conferences and poster communications; Journees scientifiques, ANDRA 1999. Resume des conferences et des communications par affiches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    This document summarizes the content of the 1999 scientific conference days organized by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). The content comprises: the opening session (2 talks), 4 general conferences dealing with important questions relative to feasibility studies of waste disposal. These conferencesare complementary to the four technical sessions developed thereafter (hydro-geochemistry and solutes transport in the geosphere; storage materials; geomechanics; research programs in underground laboratories). A large part of the conference was devoted to poster sessions on the following topics: geology, hydro-geochemistry and hydrogeology, geomechanics, storage materials (metals and clay materials), behaviour of radionuclides (geosphere, biosphere), and numerical analysis applied to hydro-geochemistry and transport. (J.S.)

  8. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity and sustainable development report 2010 - a year with Andra. Management report and financial statements 2010 - Managing today to prepare for tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and Sustainable Development Report, with the management and financial statements report, of the Andra for the year 2010

  9. Intermediate, low, and very low level waste management at ANDRA (agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs) in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Senoo, Muneaki

    2005-01-01

    On 28th September in 2004, RANDEC invited Mr. Jean-Louis Tison from ANDRA as a lecturer of the special session of the 16th RANDEC Annual Symposium. An ANDRA-RANDEC technical meeting was held on the next day, where Mr. Vincent Carlier invited from ANDRA, too participated. Here, present status of intermediate, low, and very low level waste management in France is reviewed based on the information which were obtained from the special session of the 16th RANDEC Annual Symposium and the ANDRA-RANDEC technical meeting. In France, ANDRA is implementing radioactive waste management under the following policy; 'Intermediate, low, and very-low-level (ILVLL) waste is managed in order to establish as soon as possible a final disposal system, the temporary or long term storage option being considered only for the high-level waste (HLW) such as the vitrified fission products or particular materials such as some sealed sources for which no final disposal solution still exists.' The Agency is financed on the basis of the 'polluter-pays' principle and contracts its services directly with waste owners. (author)

  10. Radioactive materials and waste. Planning Act of 28 June 2006. Consolidated version established by Andra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-07-01

    This document is the English translation of the Articles of the Planning Act No. 2006-739 of 28 June 2006 and of the articles L. 542-1 and following of the Environmental Code (as modified) concerning the Sustainable Management of Radioactive Materials and Waste. This translation is provided for convenience purposes only, the French version remaining the only valid and legally-binding version. In order to enhance readability, all articles relating to Andra's activities are consolidated in this self-supporting document

  11. Electronic, web and internet platforms for communicating on radioactive waste management: the experience of ANDRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eymard, J.

    2006-01-01

    ANDRA has been using e-tools and has had its own web-site since 1997. The site has been through 5 major upgrades since then. All the Agency's documents can be consulted and downloaded. Thus, electronic or web communication play a more and more important role as compared to classical instruments: 151453 hits in 2005, that is 37% up on 2004 and 119% up on 2003. One person, assigned from the communications division looks after the site. Assessments and analyses of the web-site use are performed through web surveys, online questionnaires and comments made by surfers

  12. Where, when, how: the place of radioactive wastes in France. Andra, 1998 activity report; Ou, quand, comment: la place des dechets radioactifs en France. Andra, rapport d'activite 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The 1998 activity report of the French national agency of radioactive wastes (Andra) presents successively: the role and missions of the Andra (history, status of radioactive wastes in France, surface storage and know-how, underground research laboratories, site selection and public information); the aspects of safety (inventory, identification and labelling of wastes, environmental policy, public relation, safety rules and reports, information storage); the scientific programs (collaborations, financing, site studies, rock mechanics and reversibility of storage, design of storage facilities, services); financial report. (J.S.)

  13. Geoscientific (GEO) database of the Andra Meuse / Haute-Marne research center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tabani, P.; Hemet, P.; Hermand, G.; Delay, J.; Auriere, C.

    2010-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. The GEO database (geo-scientific database of the Meuse/Haute-Marne Center) is a tool developed by Andra, with a view to group in a secured computer form all data related to the acquisition of in situ and laboratory measurements made on solid and fluid samples. This database has three main functions: - Acquisition and management of data and computer files related to geological, geomechanical, hydrogeological and geochemical measurements on solid and fluid samples and in situ measurements (logging, on sample measurements, geological logs, etc). - Available consultation by the staff on Andra's intranet network for selective viewing of data linked to a borehole and/or a sample and for making computations and graphs on sets of laboratory measurements related to a sample. - Physical management of fluid and solid samples stored in a 'core library' in order to localize a sample, follow-up its movement out of the 'core library' to an organization, and carry out regular inventories. The GEO database is a relational Oracle data base. It is installed on a data server which stores information and manages the users' transactions. The users can consult, download and exploit data from any computer connected to the Andra network or Internet. Management of the access rights is made through a login/ password. Four geo-scientific explanations are linked to the Geo database, they are: - The Geosciences portal: The Geosciences portal is a web Intranet application accessible from the ANDRA network. It does not require a particular installation from the client and is accessible through the Internet navigator. A SQL Server Express database manages the users and access rights to the application. This application is used for the acquisition of hydrogeological and geochemical data collected on the field and on fluid samples, as well as data related to scientific work carried out at surface level or in drifts

  14. TFA'Expo Exhibition on the next low level radioactive wastes storage center Andra - Aube Center. January - june 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    In order to inform the public on the nuclear installations, the Andra this document on the next storage Center of the Aube, for the low level radioactive wastes. The six parts present, the wastes characteristics, the wastes management, the choice of the site, the organization of the TFA (very low activity wastes), the environmental impacts and the economical impacts. (A.L.B.)

  15. Eerosest valgustatud / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2002-01-01

    Arvustus: Saarsen, Karin. Lõvi ja orhidee : [luuletused]. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2002 ; Under, Marie. Under armastusest : [luuletused ja katkendid kirjadest] / valik ja järelsõna: Sirje Olesk. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2002

  16. Kriitika kriis / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing andis auhinna Aasta film 2002 mängufilmile "Agent Sinikael" : režissöör Marko Raat. Autor jagab auhinna rahastajate Ene ja Tõnis Kase rahuloematust seoses filmi "Nimed marmortahvlil" väljajätmisega isegi nominentide hulgast

  17. 2006-2009: 4 years of research at the ANDRA for storage projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    This report gives an overview of research activities performed by the ANDRA (Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs, the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes). These activities concern several axis: the consolidation of previously obtained data and the performance of long duration experimentations to support modelling studies, technological tests and implementation of storage control and survey means, a more precise assessment of safety margins through a finer assessment of the behaviour and evolution of the storage and of its components, development of numerical simulations, and the definition of a precise location for a possible storage. These activities are here reported according to different themes: storage reversibility as it is perceived by social and human sciences, conceptualisation of the geological media and of the associated biosphere, storage and its interactions with the environment, transfer phenomena within a storage, survey and control of a storage and of its environment, storage performance assessment, publications and scientific valuation

  18. 2010-2012. Research and development at the ANDRA for storage projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-10-01

    After a general presentation of research activities within the ANDRA (main steps and highlights between 2010 and 2012, composition of the scientific council, actions of mobilisation of the French and international scientific community), this report proposes a detailed overview of these R and D activities in different specific fields: the determination of the behaviour of the various components of a storage (studies on wastes, on the behaviour of geological layers and of underground works, on the interaction and chemistry of materials in a deep storage), the preparation of the construction of the future deep storage in its geological context, the design of the evolution of a storage within its environment (effect of oxidation, of transfer phenomena within the storage, within the geological environment, and within soils), the assessment of storage performance, the reversibility of the deep geological storage and its implications in time, and the actions information on results and valorisation (congresses, publications, research thesis)

  19. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report and sustainable development 2013. Financial report 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and Sustainable Development Report, with the financial report, of the Andra for the year 2013

  20. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2016. Financial report 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and financial report of the Andra for the year 2016

  1. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2006. Management report - Financial statements 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-06-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity report with the management and financial statements report of the Andra for the year 2006

  2. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2015. Financial report 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and financial report of the Andra for the year 2015

  3. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. 2014 Activity report - Responsibility in action. Financial report 2014

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and financial report of the Andra for the year 2014

  4. Building Bridges between Hard and Soft Knowledge: The Co-production of Andra's Socio-technical Approach on Reversibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aparicio, Luis

    2012-01-01

    At the crossroads of political decision making and scientific and technical design, the concept of reversibility appeared in French law with the Waste Act dated 30 December 1991. The study of possibilities for reversible or irreversible disposal within deep geological formations of HLW waste was assigned to the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra) which, through the same act, became an independent public institution. Fifteen years later, the Planning Act dated 28 June 2006 requests Andra to file a licence application for a reversible disposal facility to be reviewed by 2015, after a public debate. It also states that a new law will have to prescribe the exact reversibility conditions of disposal before a license is granted. As a result of this legal framing, the design and the implementation of a reversible disposal facility - Andra's CIGEO project - are placed in France within a new innovation regime. Based upon the progressive elaboration of socio-technical compromises to make radioactive waste governable, Andra's project robustness is measured both in technical and social terms. Matters of concern include, among others, local insertion and land-use planning, techno-economic optimisation, safety analysis and performance assessment, scientific and technical progress, social acceptability.. Moreover, the reversible principle implies that Andra must grant future generations the possibility of intervention for at least one hundred years. Defining a reversible deep disposal facility means therefore, for Andra, mobilising much more than technical expertise; it consists also in a kind of mediation work that shapes the project as a public issue. Traditional frontiers between experts, citizens and policy makers are thus blurred in this new regime of innovation. Other than scientific and technical accuracy, Andra's project capacity to hold up multiple perspectives and resisting their respective criticisms will also be assessed. Andra is therefore committed

  5. The Perennial Environment Observatory by A.N.D.R.A. (the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leclerc, E.

    2010-01-01

    The Perennial Environment Observatory [Observatoire Perenne de l'Environnement - OPE] is a unique approach and infrastructure developed and implemented by ANDRA, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, as part of its overall project of deep geological disposal for radioactive waste. Its current mission is to assess the initial state of the rural (forest, pasture, open-field and aquatic) environment, prior to repository construction. This will be followed in 2017 (pending construction authorizations) and for a period exceeding a century, by monitoring of any impact the repository may have on the environment. In addition to serving its own industrial purpose of environmental monitoring, ANDRA also opens the OPE approach, infrastructure and acquired knowledge (database...) to the scientific community to support further research on long term evolution of the environment subjected to natural and anthropogenic stresses, and to contribute to a better understanding of the interaction between the various compartments of the environment. (author)

  6. The lessons learned from Andra's Experiences on the Leachate Collection System of the Surface Disposal Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, Keunpack; Na, Hanjeong; Lee, Joonho; Lee, Dongjae

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on the lessons learned from Andra's experiences especially on the drainage system which are given in the references. This paper also presents key items which need to be looked into for the local design which might be adopted at the second phase of LILW disposal facility at Wolsong. It is widely known that Andra has demonstrated that low and intermediate level of waste can be managed in a safe and efficient manner and disposed of surface level of ground. This paper has reviewed upgraded. EBSs evolved by Andra's many years of experiences, especially the measures to deal with drainage system which is available information online published to the public. Andra's Centre de I'Aube has been used as a reference model for the surface disposal of radioactive waste by many countries worldwide. But, the detail design of this type of facility needs to be improved and developed suitably for local characteristics taking into account the radioactive waste properties, local site environment and regulatory requirements in each country. The main design scenario to handle radioactive material in surface or near-surface radioactive nuclides are leached from waste by dissolving into rainwater passed through the disposal cover and concrete slab, and the infiltrated rainwater with radioactive nuclides flows to the aquifer through the concrete slab, and the infiltrated rainwater with radioactive nuclides flows to the aquifer through the concrete mat and the vadose zone, finally they are reached east sea through the aquifer or fault zone according to the hydro-geological characteristics of the site. The design concept to tackle this scenario and to deal with infiltrated and rain water in the surface disposal facility is described herein

  7. Modelling an in-situ ventilation test in the Andra Underground Research Facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Collin Frédéric

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wastes resulting from the nuclear electricity production have to be isolated from the biosphere for a very long period of time. For this purpose, deep underground repository in weak permeable geological layers is considered as a reliable solution for the nuclear waste storage. It is however well established that during excavation, the underground drilling process engenders cracks and eventually fractures [1] that deteriorate the hydro-mechanical properties of the surrounding host material in the so-called Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ. The EDZ behaviour is a major issue because it may constitute a preferential flow path for radionuclide migration. Consequently, the characterisation of the material transport properties and of the transfer kinetics that occur around galleries still need to be investigated. The EDZ properties may be also affected by host rock-gallery air interactions. Ventilation induced drying may also provoke additional cracking, which potentially alters the transport properties of the damaged zone. Large-scale air ventilation experiments are performed in Underground Research Laboratories (URL that have been constructed to check the feasibility of the repository. A numerical modelling of the SDZ air ventilation test (Andra URL performed in a low permeability rock is proposed in order to both predict the development of the EDZ during excavation and study the air interaction with the host formation during maintenance phases.

  8. Hydrogeochemical investigations at the ANDRA Meuse/Haute-Marne underground research laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vinsot, A.; Delay, J.; Rebours, H.

    2006-01-01

    In November 1999 Andra began building an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in eastern France. The geological formation selected for this laboratory is a 130-meter thick argillaceous rock level. This clay rich layer is located at a 400 to 600 meter depth. To characterize the confining properties of the clay, pore water composition had to be studied. For this purpose an innovative device was designed for gas equilibration and direct sampling of the pore water. The experimental device consists of a vertical ascending borehole with a 5 meter long test interval at its far end in which a gas circulation is established. After a few weeks, due to the hydraulic gradient between the test interval and the rock formation, the water flows freely at a rate of 0.5 to 1.3 litters per month in the borehole and it is sampled. The chemical composition of this water is compared with a theoretical composition deduced from core analyses and thermodynamic modelling. (author)

  9. Hydric and poro-mechanical behaviour of high performance Andra concrete: effect of microstructure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Yao

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on water retention at high relative humidity (RH) (92-100%) and desiccation shrinkage under moderate temperature (60-80 C) for two high performance concretes CEMI and CEMV (from Andra), in relation with their microstructure.To investigate the origins of the variations in water saturation degree Sw at high RH, both concretes are dried at RH=92, 98 and 100%, from the fully saturated state. For both concretes, sampling affects significantly Sw. For CEMI at 100%RH, sample size also affects Sw, due to surface drying (desorption); at 92 and 98%RH, CEMI is no longer sensitive to surface drying effects; it is sensitive to experimental conditions (RH, T). CEMV is affected by sample size whatever the RH, but not by experimental conditions.From 60 C drying temperature, the relationship between shrinkage and relative mass loss presents four distinct phases. CEMI concrete is dried at 65 C until phase 3 or 4, and then submitted to a coupled poro-mechanical and gas permeability test. For the same sample tested in phase 3 and then 4, a difference in solid skeleton incompressibility modulus Ks is measured, which is significantly lower than the differences in Ks due to sampling.With the Scanning Electron Microscope, the solid phases and morphology of both concretes are quantified. CEM I and CEM V comprise identical phases, even portlandite, yet CEM V concrete has some specific phases, owing to the addition of slag and fly ash. The C-S-H in CEM V have a lower C/S ratio than in CEM I. The (C/S) ratio remains similar when comparing between three different batches. Besides, millimetric pores vary significantly, owing to differences in manufacturing. (author)

  10. The storage of nuclear wastes; General problematic of radioactive waste management; The currently operated ANDRA's storage centres in France; The Aube storage centre (CSA) and the industrial centre for gathering, warehousing and storage (Cires); The Cigeo project - Industrial centre of radioactive waste storage in deep geological layers; From R and D to innovation within the ANDRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abadie, Pierre-Marie; Tallec, Michele; Legee, Frederic; Krieguer, Jean-Marie; Plas, Frederic

    2016-01-01

    This publication proposes a set of four articles which address various aspects related to the storage of nuclear wastes. The authors respectively propose an overview of the general problematic of nuclear waste management, a detailed description of existing storage sites which are currently operated by the ANDRA with a focus on the Aube storage centre or CSA, and on the industrial centre for gathering, warehousing and storage or Cires (The currently operated ANDRA's storage centres in France - The Aube Storage Centre or CSA, and the Industrial Centre for Regrouping, Warehousing and Storage or CIRES), a comprehensive overview of the current status of the Cigeo project which could become one of the most important technological works in France (The Cigeo project - Industrial centre of radioactive waste storage in deep geological layers), and a presentation showing how the ANDRA is involved in R and D activities and innovation (From R and D to innovation within the ANDRA)

  11. PNGMDR 2013-2015. ANDRA's opinion on the development of sector of recycling of VLA ferrous metallic waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    The scope of this report is to state the ANDRA's opinion on the recycling of very-low-level metallic wastes, and mainly ferrous metallic wastes which are the main stream of them. After having evoked a study jointly performed by EDF, AREVA, the CEA and the ANDRA to assess the technical and economic feasibility of a valorisation of very-low-level metallic wastes in the nuclear sector, this study proposes an assessment of ferrous metals which might be recycled over about thirty years. After having outlined the strong motivation of the ANDRA for such a recycling, the report proposes an overview of the heterogeneous stream of metallic wastes, by distinguishing scrap materials from very heterogeneous origins like those brought to the Cires storage centre, and those with more homogeneous origins (for example, from dismantling activities). The next part proposes an overview of various non coordinated initiatives, notably by the ANDRA, on different storage sites. The report identifies the keys for a successful recycling of contaminated metals in Europe, and the main challenges for the recycling of very-low-level ferrous metal in France (in competition with direct storage, and with the application of the risk-related regulation for some metallic wastes). Some proposals made by the ANDRA are then stated: a reference industrial scheme, and a coordination of actors under the auspices of the State

  12. ANDRA's Centre de l'Aube: Design, construction, operation of a state of the art surface disposal facility for low and intermediate level waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Potier, J.M.

    2001-01-01

    The ANDRA's Centre de I'Aube disposal facility for low and intermediate level radioactive waste may be considered as a state-of-the-art repository. Since its implementation in the early nineties, the French facility has been used as a model by many countries worldwide for the surface disposal of radioactive waste. The disposal concept developed by ANDRA, the French Radioactive Waste Management Agency, consists of a multiple-barrier system designed to isolate radioactivity and provide protection to the public and to the environment. Waste operations at ANDRA's Centre de I'Aube are largely automated to ensure better protection to site workers. The paper reviews all aspects of the repository implementation: siting, design, construction, operation and future closure, and environmental monitoring. (author)

  13. The contribution of the social sciences to Andra's RK and M preservation program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aparicio, Luis

    2012-01-01

    Andra's research in the field of social sciences and humanities (SSH) takes currently place in the context of a Groupement de laboratoires devoted to the general theme 'Trans-generational transfer and long-time scales'. The research focus of the Groupement has been put on practices and specific devices related to the Cigeo project (geological disposal) with a view to the transmission of means and resources to next generations. The aim is thus to continue the trans-disciplinary work they started on reversibility, but by expanding it towards the idea of next generations 'agency'. Within the axe of 'Knowledge and Memory', a framework is currently being derived, consisting of a review of academic literature and a benchmarking study on very long term memory. This work has identified some research fronts for the social sciences and humanities. For instance, in the field of economics, art and landscape, cultural studies, institutions, archives, etc. Nevertheless, a prominent result of the study is that although a lot of work has been conducted by RWM agencies, academic interest in the topic so far remains limited. RK and M management is usually approached according to the logic of demonstration inspired by safety analysis, and makes a distinction between active and passive safety. Various dilemmas concerning the purpose, as well as the content and the supports, intended for RK and M preservation result from this demonstration approach. For example; - What is the main objective, to facilitate or to avoid access (to remember or to forget, in fine, the existence of the repository)? - What should be preserved, information or contextualized knowledge? - Which are the most reliable devices, those intended for the long term or those for the short term, the technical (passive) or the social (active) devices? An alternative 'demonstration' would consist of approaching the memory issue in term of dilemmas. And dilemmas, by definition, cannot be solved. Taking dilemmas seriously and

  14. Follow-up by the ANDRA to the Cigeo project after the public debate - Industrial centre of geological storage of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-05-01

    In a first part, this report comments and discusses the evolutions of the Cigeo (industrial centre of geological storage of radioactive wastes) project after the public debate in terms of: integration of a pilot industrial phase to the installation start up, implementation of a regularly reviewed master plan for the storage exploitation, a planning arrangement, and commitment of civil society in the project. The next part briefly presents the different steps defined by the ANDRA to answer the demand for reversibility. The third part states ANDRA's commitments: to guarantee safety above all, to preserve and to develop the hosting territory, and to manage the costs

  15. Investigation on the anisotropic mechanical behaviour of the Callovo-Oxfordian clay rock within the framework of ANDRA/GRS cooperation programme. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Chun-Liang [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit mbH (GRS), Koeln (Germany); Armand, Gilles; Conil, Nathalie [French Agence Nationale Pour la Gestion de Dechets Radioactifs (ANDRA), Chatenay-Malabry (France)

    2015-01-15

    An underground repository for disposal of radioactive waste is planned to be constructed in the sedimentary Callovo-Oxfordian argillaceous formation (COX) in France /AND 05/. The clay rock exhibits inherent anisotropy with bedding structure, which leads to directional dependences of the rock properties (e.g. mineralogical, physical, mechanical, hydraulic, thermal, etc.) with respect to the bedding planes. For the design of the repository and the assessment of its safety during the operation and post-closure phases it is necessary to characterise and predict the anisotropic properties and processes in the host rock, particularly in the excavation damaged zone (EDZ) near the openings. Within the framework of the bilateral cooperation agreement between the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) and the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), concerning the research activities in the Meuse/Haute-Marne Underground Research Laboratory (MHM-URL), a joint research programme was initiated by ANDRA and GRS in 2013 to investigate mechanical anisotropy of the COX clay rock for the purpose of precise characterization, better understanding and reliable prediction of the development of EDZ around the repository. This programme was funded by ANDRA under contract number 059844 and performed by GRS during the time period of November 2013 to December 2014. GRS gratefully acknowledges the financial support from and the fruitful cooperation with ANDRA.

  16. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2008 - Fostering dialogue and outreach. Management report - Financial statements at December 31, 2008. Annual Sustainable Development Report 2008 - From strategy to initial actions: Andra's sustained commitment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-06-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity report, with the management and financial statements report, and the Sustainable Development Report of the Andra for the year 2008

  17. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2007. Management report - Financial statements at December 31, 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-09-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity report with the management and financial statements report of the Andra for the year 2007

  18. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Annual sustainable development and activity report 2012. Management report and financial statements 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and Sustainable Development Report, with the management and financial statements report, of the Andra for the year 2012

  19. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Annual sustainable development and activity report 2011. Management report and financial statements 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity and Sustainable Development Report, with the management and financial statements report, of the Andra for the year 2011

  20. Depth geological model building: application to the 3D high resolution 'ANDRA' seismic block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mari, J.L.; Yven, B.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. 3D seismic blocks and logging data, mainly acoustic and density logs, are often used for geological model building in time. The geological model must be then converted from time to depth. Geostatistical approach for time-to-depth conversion of seismic horizons is often used in many geo-modelling projects. From a geostatistical point of view, the time-to-depth conversion of seismic horizons is a classical estimation problem involving one or more secondary variables. Bayesian approach [1] provides an excellent estimator which is more general than the traditional kriging with external drift(s) and fits very well to the needs for time-to-depth conversion of seismic horizons. The time-to-depth conversion of the selected seismic horizons is used to compute a time-to-depth conversion model at the time sampling rate (1 ms). The 3D depth conversion model allows the computation of an interval velocity block which is compared with the acoustic impedance block to estimate a density block as QC. Non realistic density values are edited and the interval velocity block as well as the depth conversion model is updated. The proposed procedure has been applied on a 3D data set. The dataset comes from a High Resolution 3D seismic survey recorded in France at the boundary of the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments in the vicinity of the Andra Center (National radioactive waste management Agency). The 3D design is a cross spread. The active spread is composed of 12 receiver lines with 120 stations each. The source lines are perpendicular to the receiver lines. The receiver and source line spacings are respectively 80 m and 120 m. The receiver and source point spacings are 20 m. The source is a Vibroseis source generating a signal in the 14 - 140 Hz frequency bandwidth.. The bin size is 10 x 10 m 2 . The nominal fold is 60. A conventional seismic sequence was applied to the data set. It includes amplitude recovery, deconvolution and wave

  1. Journey towards yourself / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Luik, Viivi. Varjuteater. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2010 ; Luik, Viivi, Rosma, Hedi. Ma olen raamat. Tallinn : SE & JS, 2010 ; Jõerüüt, Jaak. Armastuse laiad, kõrged hooned. Tallinn : Tuum, 2010 ; Jõerüüt, Jaak. Muutlik. Tallinn : Tuum, 2010

  2. The National Agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). Specific report (articles L. 143-3 and R. 143-1 of the Code of financial courts). Years 2008 to 2013 (Update 2014) - December 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-12-01

    After a recall of ANDRA's missions, a statement outlines the good financial situation of the Agency for the considered period. The report first describes the ANDRA's operation, its governance, its operation in project-mode, organisation and relationship with public bodies and authorities. The second part describes and analyses the various components of its management: human resources management, the purchasing function, taxation. The third part comments ANDRA's accounts and budget: quality of accounts and financial audit, accounting and financial analysis. The last part addresses ANDRA's activities: long-winded projects for future storage sites, storage centres, management of wastes of small producers outside electronuclear activity, missions of public service. An opinion on management is finally provided

  3. The ANDRA, two years after the June 2006, 28 programming law. Assessment and perspectives for the Manche storage centre. Press conference of June 2008, 27

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    This report first presents the main activities of ANDRA (the French national agency for radioactive waste management), describes and comments the legal frame built up by the programming law of the June 2006, 28. It presents the Manche waste storage centre, its waste types, storage concept, cover and control, and actions to keep the memory of this site for the next generations. It gives an overview of ANDRA's missions, role as industrial operator, and financing, describes the three general interest missions (national inventory of radioactive materials and wastes, collection and processing of common usage radioactive objects, and decontamination of sites polluted by radioactivity), discusses the results obtained for the inventory. It presents the project of reversible deep storage of high and intermediate level and long life wastes (a facility is foreseen to operate in 2025), and the project of a hollow storage site for low level and long life wastes

  4. TFA'Expo Exhibition on the next low level radioactive wastes storage center Andra - Aube Center. January - june 2003; TFA'Expo exposition sur le futur Centre de stockage de dechets de tres faible activite Andra - Centre de l'Aube. Janvier - Juin 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    In order to inform the public on the nuclear installations, the Andra this document on the next storage Center of the Aube, for the low level radioactive wastes. The six parts present, the wastes characteristics, the wastes management, the choice of the site, the organization of the TFA (very low activity wastes), the environmental impacts and the economical impacts. (A.L.B.)

  5. New numerical modelling of the mechanical long-term behaviour of the GMR gallery in ANDRA's Underground Research Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blanco Martin, L.; Hadj-Hassen, F.; Tijani, M.; Armand, G.

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with a new macroscopic numerical modelling of the mechanical long-term behaviour of ANDRA's Underground Research Laboratory. The study focuses on the GMR gallery, oriented along the minor horizontal principal stress and located at the main level 490 m deep. The simulations are made using the finite element method (FEM).Convergence measurements in this gallery exhibit an important dis-symmetry between the vertical and horizontal directions, as well as a significant time effect in the vertical trend. In attempts to both understand the phenomena that lie beneath such dis-symmetry and reproduce the experimental data, a modification to Lemaitre's creep law has been proposed. The new viscoplastic law takes into account the following aspects: rock transverse isotropy, creep behaviour and rock expansion. The excavation history of the GMR gallery has also been considered in the numerical modelling. The numerical results are very satisfactory for the GMR drift. However, the mechanisms of anisotropic shear and expansion on which the new law is based do not lead to an accurate reproduction of the data measured in the galleries oriented in the perpendicular direction. Therefore, a thorough insight into the mechanical behaviour of the rock mass and into the proposed new law is needed before the latter can be applied to the Callovo-Oxfordian layer. (authors)

  6. An experimental study of the thermal conductivity: application of EST 205 borehole of Meuse/Haute Marne site (ANDRA); Etude experimentale de la conductivite thermique: application au forage EST 205 du site de Meuse/Haute Marne (ANDRA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jorand, R

    2006-10-15

    The determination of the thermal properties of clayey rocks is fundamental for predicting the behaviour a radioactive waste geological repository, and geothermal and oil reservoirs. The main objectives of this thesis work were to 1) better understand the effects of the parameters controlling the thermal conductivity, 2) study to which extent the laboratory measurements can be extrapolated to the field, and 3) find relationships between the thermal conductivity and other quantities easier to measure on the field, e.g. the P- and S- wave velocities. The study was conducted on 24 cores of marls carbonates and argillites coming from the EST205 borehole of the M/HM site (ANDRA). After a complete characterisation of the samples, their thermal conductivities were measured using a stationary method. The borehole was drilled with a special oil-based mud to avoid damaging the argillites, and many logs were available. Hence, it is ideal to study the properties of clayey rocks and compare them with field data. The results show the major effect of the microstructure (mainly the particles orientation), which causes the important anisotropy of the thermal conductivity in the marls and argillites. For all lithologies, linear relationships between the conductivity and the P- and S- wave velocities were obtained. The application of this experimental law to the sonic log helped building a synthetic log of thermal conductivity. Finally, we developed a heat probe, which allows measurements in function of temperature and saturation. We showed with this method that the thermal conductivity increases quasi-linearly with the saturation in a sandstone and a carbonate samples. (author)

  7. Joint ANDRA/Nirex/SKB zone of excavation disturbance experiment (ZEDEX) at the Aspo hard rock laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hooper, A.J.; Olsson, O.

    1995-01-01

    The excavation of access shafts and tunnels and of the disposal areas of a waste repository will cause a disturbance in the surrounding rock mass with possible alterations to rock mass stability and hydraulic properties. For a number of disposal concepts this disturbance may be important for the operational and/or post-closure safety of the repository. Furthermore the disturbance may extend over time as a consequence of processes such as stress relaxation. The sponsors of ZEDEX, namely ANDRA, Nirex and SKB, are interested in developing the ability to produce reliable models of the disturbed zone that will develop around large cross-section excavations in fractured hard rock masses that are initially water saturated. Various models have been developed to calculate the important characteristics of the disturbed zone in such rock masses as a function of parameters related to the rock mass quality and the geometric description of the excavation. ZEDEX was initiated in the Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory in April 1994 with drilling and instrumentation of boreholes running alongside the planned extension of the spiral access ramp and a planned parallel experimental tunnel. ZEDEX has been designed to generate information for alternative methods of excavation. The extension to the spiral ramp is to be made by tunnel boring whereas the parallel experimental tunnel will be excavated in part by ''normal'' basting and in part by smooth blasting. The objective is to build confidence in the modelling of the disturbed zone to support the selection of excavation methods for repository construction. (authors). 3 figs

  8. The underground geothermal resource about Bure is not exceptional. Answers by the ANDRA to critics made by associations on the geothermal resource in the Cigeo study area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, Marc-Antoine

    2013-01-01

    As some documents published by associations stated that the site chosen for Cigeo (Industrial centre for geological storage of nuclear materials and wastes) could be a geothermal resource of interest, the ANDRA herein states again that this resource is neither exceptional nor attractive in the present technological and economical conditions. In order to precisely answer to the arguments stated by the associations, it notably refers to some drillings performed in this area. It discusses drilling conditions and tests, test result interpretation, measurements, the process transparency, and the actual assessment of geothermal resources

  9. Request by the Bure (Haute-Marne) CLIS related to the reading of well logging performed by the ANDRA from drilling located around Bure, to check rock characterization and properties. Report made by the ANCCLI's Scientific Committee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    After having recalled the first conclusions of a work group built up by the Scientific Committee at the request of the Bure CLIS to assess studies performed by the ANDRA regarding the geological properties of the Bure site (site of deep geological storage of long life and high level radio-elements), this report proposes a critical discussion of measurements performed by the ANDRA, and more particularly of methodological aspects of this assessment of rock characteristics and properties based on well logging data. Thus, it comments the available raw data, the used instrumentation, the assessment of clay containment capacities (containment horizon homogeneity, stability of petrophysical properties, hydraulic studies with a focus on a noticed overpressure, modelling and data integration). Some brief propositions are stated. The appendix contains a set a questions to be submitted to the ANDRA by the Bure CLIS on the available data, on data calibration and homogenization, and on the assessment of containment capacities

  10. The ANDRA, two years after the June 2006 28. programming law. Assessment and perspectives in Meuse/Haute-Marne. Press conference of June 2008, 12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    This report first presents the main activities of ANDRA (the French national agency for radioactive waste management) in the studies for the development and construction of a high-activity and long-life waste storage site, and particularly for a project located in Meuse/Haute-Marne region, and more briefly for a low-activity and long-life waste storage (for graphite and radiferous wastes). It presents and comments the legal frame (programming law of June 2006, 28) which introduces a national plan for radioactive materials and wastes (PNGMDR) which is to be updated once every three years. Then, it describes ANDRA's missions, its role as industrial operator, its financing, and its certification level. It describes its general interest missions: national inventory of radioactive materials and wastes, collection and processing of common usage radioactive objects, and decontamination of sites polluted by radioactivity. It presents its project of reversible deep storage of high and intermediate level and long life wastes (a facility is foreseen to operate in 2025), the technology centre, the 'open doors day', and the project of a hollow storage site for low activity and long life wastes

  11. [Raamat] / Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teede, Andra, 1988-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Tranströmer, Tomas. Suur on mõistatus ; Mälestused seiravad mind / rootsi keelest tõlkinud Tõnis Arnover ja Lennart-Hans Jürgenson. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 2007, 27)

  12. [Raamat] / Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teede, Andra, 1988-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pervik, Aino. Paula lõpetab lasteaia / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu) ; Pervik, Aino. Paula esimene koolipäev / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu)

  13. Activity report 2010 of the Committee of expertise and follow-through of the ANDRA's information and consultation approach (Coesdic); Le comite d'expertise et de suivi de la demarche d'information et de consultation de l'Andra (Coesdic). Rapport d'activites 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This report first recalls the missions and operation modalities of the Coesdic which has been created to monitor the ANDRA's mission of public information within the frame of its investigations and researches on deep geological and reversible storage of high and intermediate level nuclear wastes. It describes the activities of the Coesdic concerning the Cigeo project (previously name HA-MAVL project): modalities for the selection of areas of interest, project governance, preparation of the public debate on deep geological storage. It also describes the activities related to the management of low level nuclear wastes. It also discusses social and human issues

  14. Convention of August the 3-rd 2010 between the French State and the ANDRA about the future investment program (action 'research in waste processing and storage')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    Published in the 'Journal Officiel' as a contract between the French State and the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes), this text first defines the financed action, describes the selection of beneficiaries, describes the various financial and accounting arrangements, defines the foreseen organisation and means within the operator, defines the assessment process, the implementation follow-up. The concerned action deals with the setting up of valorization or recycling activities for low radioactive metallic wastes produced by the dismantling of nuclear installations, and with the development of innovating processes and technologies for the processing of chemically reactive radioactive wastes in order to make their storage easier. Others objectives are to decrease the waste volume, to store wastes from small producers, to obtain the most inert as possible physical-chemical state, and to facilitate the storage of some particular wastes

  15. Lithology, hydro-dynamism and thermicity in the multi-layer sedimentary system intersected by the Andra deep borehole of Montiers-sur-Saulx (Meuse, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Landrein, Philippe; Vigneron, Georges; Delay, Jacques; Lebon, Patrick; Pagel, Maurice

    2013-01-01

    Andra (French national radioactive waste management agency) has conducted a research program to determine the feasibility of a disposal facility for long-lived high level and medium level (LL-HLML) nuclear wastes in a deep geological environment. In 2005, following 15 years of research, Andra established the feasibility of this type of disposal in the Callovo-Oxfordian clay formations located in the eastern region of the Paris basin. Between 2006 and 2008, a geological survey campaign was carried out over 250 km 2 at the boundary of the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments. Six drilling platforms were involved on the studied zone and a 2D seismic campaign was carried out using a 2 x 2 km to 3 x 3 km grid as regular as possible. One of the drilling platforms was located in the central area of the studied zone, at a distance of the faults located at the boundary of the studied sector. Three boreholes called EST431, EST432 and EST433 were drilled from this platform. Their main objectives were to contribute to the sitting of the disposal facility, and enhance the knowledge on the formations overlying and underlying the host layer (Dogger, carbonated Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian), as well as on the deep Lias and Trias formations. More specifically, it is meant (i) to acquire a better understanding of the global functioning of the hydrogeological System and the vertical exchanges between the formations and (ii) to assess the potential geothermal resources on the zone in order to verify the absence of exceptional exploitable resources in the vicinity of the site earmarked for the disposal facility. Beyond these objectives, Andra associated the French scientific community to the exploitation of the results yielded by this borehole. Thus, as early as the design stage, Andra entered into a partnership with university laboratories through a program called 'Current and Past transfers in an Aquiferous - Aquitard Sedimentary System'. The partner laboratories were able to carry out

  16. Deliberated opinion of the Environment Authority on the authorization of exploitation of the ANDRA's Centre of storage of very-low-activity radioactive wastes in Morvilliers and La Chaise (Aube)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This report proposes an environmental review of the exploitation authorization request submitted by the ANDRA for its centre of storage of very-low-activity radioactive wastes (CSTFA). After an indication of the main recommendations regarding the style and content of this request, this report presents and comments the project, indicates the concerned administrative procedures, and analyses, comments and discusses the project environmental review submitted by the ANDRA. This comprises an impact study which itself comprises an analysis of the initial condition, a justification of choices, an analysis of impacts on the environment and on health, of impacts on Natura 2000 sites, measures to avoid, reduce or compensate negative impacts, and an hazard study

  17. 2005 dossier. ANDRA's researches on the geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes. Results and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-06-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in deep geologic formations (argilites and granites). Content: 1 - Research on deep disposal of radioactive waste: general interest task: Legislative framework, ANDRA scientific objectives, Inspections and assessments; 2 - Designing a safe and reversible disposal system: Repository safety, Reversibility: an essential requirement; 3 - Clay Research on a repository in a clay formation, A long research programme, Dossier 2005 Argile; 4 - Meuse/Haute-Marne site clay: Expected properties of the rock formation, Choice of argillite, Meuse/Haute-Marne site, Conclusions from 10 years of research at the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - Repository installations: Safe and reversible architecture, Disposal of B waste, Disposal of C waste, Possible disposal of spent fuel (CU); 6 - The disposal facility in operation: From waste packages reception to their disposal in cells, Stages of the progressive closure of engineered structures; 7 - Reversible management: Freedom of choice for future generations, Various closure stages; 8 - Long-term evolution of the repository: Apprehending the repository complexity Main evolutions expected, Slow and limited release of radioactive substances; 9 - Repository safety and impact on man: Several evolution scenarios, Normal evolution, Altered evolution; 10 - Granite Research on a repository in a granite formation: A global approach, Scientific co-operations, Dossier 2005 Granite; 11 - Characteristics of French granite formations: What properties are required for a repository?, Different types of granite formations; 12 - Repository installations: Repository design adapted to granite fractures, Clay seals to prevent water flows, Waste disposal packages ensuring long-term leak-tightness, Physical and chemical environment favourable for waste packages, Architecture

  18. Deliberated opinion of the Environment Authority concerning the renewal of the authorization of exploitation of the ANDRA's underground research laboratory in Bure (Meuse)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    This report presents and discusses the documents provided by ANDRA for a renewal authorization request for a basic nuclear installation (INB), ECRIN, aimed at the confined warehousing of residues produced by uranium conversion (transformation into uranium tetrafluoride before its use and implementation as nuclear fuel). The report presents the location and the concerned activity, the different decantation and evaporation basins of the site, the objectives and characteristics of the COMURHEX II project. It indicates the different administrative procedures related to this project, and comments the projected works. It outlines the main environmental issues. It analyses and discusses the impact study which comes along with the request, and comprises an analysis of the initial condition (climate, flooding risk, wildlife, flora, landscapes, water, present impacts of site exploitation on the environment and health). It discusses the search for alternative solutions and the retained choice, the content of the dismantling plan, the impacts of the project (during construction and operation), the approach to risk management, follow-up measures, and the content of the non-technical abstract

  19. Rein Veidemann: vabadus on kohustus / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2014-01-01

    Balti keti 25. aastapäeva puhul vestlus Eesti kirjanduse ja kultuuriloo professori Rein Veidemanniga vabadusest ning taasavaldatud luuletusest "Palve", mille ta kirjutas Eesti laulva revolutsiooni ajal. Artikkel sisaldab Rein Veidemanni luuletust "Palve"

  20. Muuseumisõbra tiitli sai Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Muuseumiühing andis tänavuse muuseumisõbra tiitli ajakirjanikule ja kirjandusteadlasele Rein Veidemannile kirjanike muuseumide kaitseks meedias välja astumise ning Vilde ja Tammsaare Sõprade Seltsi loomisele kaasa aitamise eest

  1. Edasi - Juhan Liivi juurde! / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Liiv, Juhan. Tuulehoog lõi vetesse : [luuletused] / koostanud Jüri Talvet. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007. (Suur luuleraamat) ; Liiv, Juhan. Meel paremat ei kannata : valik luulet eesti ja inglise keeles = The Mind Would Bear No Better : A Selection of Poetry in Estonian and English / tõlkinud ja koostanud Jüri Talvet. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2007

  2. Edasi - Juhan Liivi juurde! / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Liiv, Juhan. Tuulehoog lõi vetesse / koost. Jüri Talvet. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007; Liiv, Juhan. Meel paremat ei kannata : valik luulet eesti ja inglise keeles = The mind would bear no better : a selection of poetry in Estonian and English / koostanud Jüri Talvet; tõlkinud Jüri Talvet & H. L. Hix. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2007

  3. Sotsialistlik realism kui modernsuse projekt / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb 19. mail 2001 Tartus peetud konverentsiettekandel ja seda võib vaadelda ka kui üht järjekordset lüli viimastel aastatel modernismi ja postmodernismi ning eesti sõjajärgse kirjandussituatsiooni üle käivast dialoogist

  4. Mälestus laulvast revolutsioonist / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Vesilind, Priit J. The Singing Revolution : how culture saved a nation / by Priit Vesilind with James and Maureen Tusty, based on their film "The Singing Revolution". Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  5. Hasso Krulli eepiline pesamuna / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia laureaat Hasso Krull. Arvustus: Krull, Hasso. Pesa : tekstid 2000-2012. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2014 ; Krull, Hasso. Muna : tekstid 1987-2012. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2014 ; Krull, Hasso. Kui kivid olid veel pehmed. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2014

  6. Ants Paju exegi monumentum / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    13. juunist 20. augustini 2004 toimunud graniitskulptuurifestivalist Põltsamaa lähedal Sõpruse pargis. Osales Erland Knudsson Madsen Taanist, Arto Lappalainen Soomest, Sandis Kondratas Lätist, Algirdas Kuzma Leedust, Christos Mondzios Poolast, Tauno Kangro, Are Haljas ja Art Allmägi Eestist

  7. Petrophysical characterization of Callovo-Oxfordian argillites from the deep borehole Andra EST433 of Montiers-Sur-Saulx (Meuse, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cosenza, P.; Pret, D.; Camerlynck, C.; Fleury, M.; Geraud, Y.; Kremer, T.; Zamora, M.; Landrein, P.; Lebon, P.; Villieras, F.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. Petro-fabric and physico-chemical properties of Meuse/Haute-Marne Callovo-Oxfordian argillite have been extensively studied (e.g. Trouiller, 2006). This research project is aiming at establishing micro-macro models to link microstructural patterns and macroscopic measurements. In this context, data are acquired on the same samples at different scales: (a) microscopic scale (identification of mineralogical phases, mineral mapping, surface area, pore size distribution) and (b) macroscopic scale (hydraulic conductivity, elastic wave velocities, resistivity, thermal conductivity). Ultimately the resulting micro-macro models would be used by Andra to construct 3D representation of the petrophysical properties within the Callovo-Oxfordian formation by the mean of logging data. This project is part of the research programme TAPSS2000 (Present and past transfers in a sedimentary aquifer - aquitard system: a 2000 meter deep drill-hole in the Mesozoic of the Paris Basin). Data acquisition is performed on 9 cores (taken from 558.5 m to 619.5 m deep) of the deep borehole ANDRA EST433 located at Moultiers-sur-Saulx (Meuse, France). These data on the microstructure and the macroscopic physical behaviour of Callovo-Oxfordian show the following features: - The higher the P-and S- wave velocities, the higher the radiologic density measured by X-Ray tomography. These high values of velocities and density are associated with carbonates, the most rigid phase among the rock-bearing minerals. P-wave velocity measurements do not exhibit significant scale effect (i.e., logging vs laboratory). - The most heterogeneous samples (with regard to their values of elastic wave velocities and radiologic density) are located in the upper part of the Callovo-Oxfordian formation, where argillite is more carbonated. On the contrary, the most homogeneous cores that exhibit lower values of elastic wave velocities are located at deeper depths: they are

  8. 2005 dossier. ANDRA's researches on the geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes. Results and perspectives; Dossier 2005. Les recherches de l'Andra sur le stockage geologique des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue. Resultats et perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-06-15

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in deep geologic formations (argilites and granites). Content: 1 - Research on deep disposal of radioactive waste: general interest task: Legislative framework, ANDRA scientific objectives, Inspections and assessments; 2 - Designing a safe and reversible disposal system: Repository safety, Reversibility: an essential requirement; 3 - Clay Research on a repository in a clay formation, A long research programme, Dossier 2005 Argile; 4 - Meuse/Haute-Marne site clay: Expected properties of the rock formation, Choice of argillite, Meuse/Haute-Marne site, Conclusions from 10 years of research at the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - Repository installations: Safe and reversible architecture, Disposal of B waste, Disposal of C waste, Possible disposal of spent fuel (CU); 6 - The disposal facility in operation: From waste packages reception to their disposal in cells, Stages of the progressive closure of engineered structures; 7 - Reversible management: Freedom of choice for future generations, Various closure stages; 8 - Long-term evolution of the repository: Apprehending the repository complexity Main evolutions expected, Slow and limited release of radioactive substances; 9 - Repository safety and impact on man: Several evolution scenarios, Normal evolution, Altered evolution; 10 - Granite Research on a repository in a granite formation: A global approach, Scientific co-operations, Dossier 2005 Granite; 11 - Characteristics of French granite formations: What properties are required for a repository?, Different types of granite formations; 12 - Repository installations: Repository design adapted to granite fractures, Clay seals to prevent water flows, Waste disposal packages ensuring long-term leak-tightness, Physical and chemical environment favourable for waste packages, Architecture

  9. Preparing as an organization, to submit or to review a construction license application for a DGR of ILW and HLW in France. French National Case - Andra - Preparing to Submit Cigeo's Creation License Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boissier, Fabrice; Labalette, T.; Leverd, Pascal C.; Voinis, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    The reversible repository in a deep geological formation is the French reference solution for the long-term management of high-level and intermediate-level long-lived radioactive waste. Since the first French Act on nuclear waste management research (1991), Andra has carried out twenty years of conceptual and basic studies on the subject, leading in particular to the feasibility demonstration in 2005 and to the choice of the detailed reconnaissance zone (ZIRA) in 2010. Taking advantage from this work, Andra has now reached a new phase where the project is engaging in the design of the industrial installation named Cigeo. At this stage, the further development of the project implies that Andra undertakes a multiplicity of actions in order to successfully reach various external and internal key milestones. Of paramount importance is the careful articulation between the regulatory authorization and decision processes and the outcome of the industrial installation design phases. In 2006 was built a regulatory framework that plans a succession of step by step decisions stages: 2013: Public debate on reversibility, memory keeping, environmental and health survey modalities, dialogue with the local stakeholders to harmoniously define and plan the external infrastructures that have to be developed to support the construction and the operation of Cigeo (roads, railway tracks and terminal, power and water supplies, etc.). 2015: Creation license application and start of the regulatory review process (notably various plans of the installation, the description of the solution envisaged for the closure of the facility, the preliminary safety case (operational safety, long-term safety, protection against malevolent actions, management of incidental situations, preliminary acceptance criteria), environmental impact studies (health, salubrity, transports, human activities, nature, patrimonial aspects). 2016-2017: new parliamentary Act on the reversibility conditions of the

  10. Earth tidal and barometric responses observed in the Callovo-Oxfordian formation at ANDRA Meuse/Haute-Marne underground research laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delcourt-Honorez, M.; Scholz, E.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. Fluid pressure or hydraulic head measured in wells in geological formations can respond to Earth tidal forces and atmospheric pressure variations. At Andra Meuse/Haute-Marne underground research laboratory located in Bure (France), water level and fluid pressure are measured in several boreholes in the Callovo-Oxfordian clay formation (COX) and in overlying geological formations. One of these boreholes (EST207) is equipped with a multi-packer system monitoring 11 intervals, including 8 in the COX. The recorded fluid pressures in EST207 were analyzed to determine possible Earth tidal responses. In this borehole, the fluid pressure and atmospheric pressure variations data are recorded every fifteen minutes and 6.5 years of such data from 2004/06/02 to 2010/12/31 were analyzed. Various perturbed data, gaps, drift and abnormal data were corrected through a data preprocessing process. Data interpolation and filtering processes were performed to have data available every 15 minutes at 0, 15, 30 and 45 minutes on the hour. A spectral analysis (Fast Fourier Transform) of each pressure data series shows amplitude peaks at frequencies corresponding to various Earth tidal frequencies: diurnal and semi diurnal waves can be identified. Spectral analyses were also performed on the atmospheric pressure data. The solar semi diurnal wave (S2) was identified. The 'Earth Tides ETERNA package' was used to separate the waves according to the frequencies bands. The analyses performed using ETERNA are indicated as 'Earth Tidal Analyses' (ETAN). Tidal parameters are estimated from ETAN: amplitudes A and its standard deviation σ(A)[hPa], phase φ for the main waves in diurnal and semi diurnal frequencies bands before and after atmospheric pressure variations correction. The barometric efficiency (BE) and its standard deviation σ (BE) as regression coefficient is calculated. The atmospheric pressure data are also analyzed with ETERNA; the

  11. Session Report - S. Voinis (Andra)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voinis, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    The session addressed key issues related to the industrial feasibility of construction. It covered the implementer and regulator points of view. The conclusions derive from three presentations completed by the outcomes of six WG. At the Morsleben Repository, Germany, the licensing of the closure of the repository has been initiated by BfS. The closure concept is based on extensive backfilling with salt concrete complemented by seals. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing such a seal structure an in-situ experiment is performed in a drift of the repository. In the UK, the framework for implementing geological disposal of the higher activity radioactive waste is described in the White Paper published by the UK Government in June 2008. The process to site a facility will be staged and based on voluntarism and partnership with local communities. This process is in its early stage. The paper outlines the work being undertaken by the NDA. In canada, Ontario Power Generation (OPG) has submitted information required for a CNSC licence to prepare the site and construct a DGR for the disposal of low and intermediate level waste from the operation of their nuclear power reactors. That submission includes an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), as required for a Panel Review under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA), and the information required for a licence application under the NSCA Regulations. Discussions between the proponent and the regulator in the pre-licensing phase, clarified CNSC expectations for the characterization of the site and for the development of the EIS and application. They also helped to ensure that OPG understood these expectations. Outcomes WG session-1: - Start with construction but during operational phase: Simultaneous construction and operation activities. - Need for technical requirements/criteria: So that it can be judged whether 'products' meet the requirements; LT safety issues to be considered during construction. - Closure activities have to be taken into account in the license application for construction. - Relevance of the quality assurance management. - Need to keep flexibility in design in order to be able to take into account: lessons learnt from the construction; balancing nuclear, conventional and mining regulations; evolution of the regulations. - Relevance of monitoring: monitoring issues, Characterization of rock properties/verification of sitting results: adaptive system depending on results. - Relevance of communication e.g.: communication to miners about specific requirements of a nuclear facility - improvement of safety culture

  12. Geoscientific Data Acquisition and Management System (systeme d'Acquisition et de Gestion des Donnees, S.A.G.D.) of the Andra Meuse / Haute-Marne research center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tabani, P.; Hermand, G.; Delay, J.; Mangeot, A.

    2010-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. ANDRA is directly responsible for all scientific data acquired in real time and wire-line at the Meuse Haute- Marne underground research laboratory. To fulfil the needs for the acquisition, storage and display of realtime data, Andra decided to develop and install a system called SAGD (Systeme d'Acquisition et de Gestion des Donnees). With this view, a system was designed to: - Determine the acquisition tools and methods so that technical failures would not result in the loss of data or the acquisition of erroneous data, - Store (conservation) in the long-term all data in a single place in a single form, - Allow the diffusion and free access of data to the large community of ANDRA researchers, partners and service contractors in a single fluid way whatever the source of the data. - Help external communication through a user friendly and easy to understand presentation of the recorded data. S.A.G.D fulfils these objectives by: - Making available in real time, and through a single system, all experimental data under acquisition at the MHM Center and Mont Terri laboratory, - Displaying the recorded data on temporal windows and specific time step, - Allowing remote control of the experimentations, - Ensuring the traceability of all recorded information, - Ensuring data storage in a data base. S.A.G.D has been deployed in the first experimental drift at -445 m in November 2004. It was subsequently extended to the underground Mont Terri laboratory in Switzerland in 2005 and to the entire surface logging network of the Meuse / Haute-Marne Center in 2008. The SAGD computer network is an autonomous network consisting of optical fiber links which transmits experimentation data to the servers and computers in the control room, whether they originate from the bottom of a borehole or surface level. A high speed link between Mont Terri and Bure allows remote control of all the experimentations and the centralization of all

  13. IRSN's opinion on criteria retained by the ANDRA for choosing a 'zone of interest for deepened investigation' (ZIRA, zone d'interet pour la reconnaissance approfondie) for the HA-MAVL-Site de Meuse/Haute-Marne project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-12-01

    Within the context of selection of a site for a future deep storage for high- and intermediate-level activity and long life wastes, this report comments the various results of geological investigations and characterizations performed on this site during the past years. It notices that the most recent results (2007 and 2008) do not put previous conclusions (2005) into question. It recalls the required geological characteristics for such a storage site and compares them with the site characteristics. The IRSN agrees with the technical criteria adopted by the ANDRA for the choice of a zone of interest for a deepened investigation, and more particularly for this particular zone located on the territory of both French departments of Meuse and Haute-Marne

  14. ANDRA - National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. Activity report 2009 - Managing today to prepare for tomorrow. Management report and financial statements at December 31, 2009. Annual Sustainable Development Report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    Created in 1979 within the CEA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. Its 3 basic missions were extended and their funding secured through the 2006 Planning Act: - a R and D mission to propose safe long-term solution for radioactive waste without current disposal system; this mission includes long-term storage, since the 2006 Planning Act, in order to propose interim solutions while final ones are being studied; - an industrial mission concerning, on one hand, waste acceptance criteria and control and, on the other hand, siting, construction, operation, closure and monitoring of repositories. This mission includes as well a public service mission in terms of i) collection of waste of the 'small-scale nuclear activities' producers or owners (including the so-called 'household' radioactive waste, i.e. waste owned by private individuals) and ii) clean-up and rehabilitation of orphan polluted sites; - an information mission, notably through the regular publication of the National Inventory of radioactive materials and waste. This mission includes as well an active policy of dialogue with stakeholders both at national and local level. This document is the activity report, with the management and financial statements report, and the Sustainable Development Report of the Andra for the year 2009

  15. Hearing of Mrs Marie-Pierre Comets and Mr Marc Sanson, commissioners of the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN), as well as Mrs Marie-Claude Dupuis, general manager of the National Agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA), on the nuclear events in Cadarache

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    Representatives of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN, Autorite de Surete Nucleaire) and of the French National Agency for the Management of Radioactive Wastes (ANDRA, Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs) answer questions about an incident which occurred in a workshop, where MOx fuel was produced and which is now being dismantled. It appeared that the amount of plutonium present in the gloveboxes has been largely under-assessed: 8 kg were expected, 22 kg of plutonium have already been recovered, and finally 39 kg might be recovered by the end the dismantling operations. Other issues are addressed like the ANDRA's projects of radioactive material geological storage, their technical and institutional aspects, and then again about the late declaration of the Cadarache incident

  16. Decree no. 2003-30 of the 10 january 2003 authorizing the national agency for the radioactive wastes management (ANDRA) to modify, for the survey step, the radioactive wastes storage center of the Manche (base nuclear installation no. 66), located on the Digulleville municipality territory (Manche)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    This document, took out from the Official Journal, is the law text relative to the decree no. 2003-30 of the 10 january 2003 authorizing the national agency for the radioactive wastes management (ANDRA) to modify, for the survey step, the radioactive wastes storage center of the Manche (base nuclear installation no. 66), located on the Digulleville municipality territory (Manche). (A.L.B.)

  17. Analysis of the accelerometric data applied to seismic hazard assessment in France; Anisotropies magnetique et de porosite des argilites du callovo-oxfordien du laboratoire souterrain de l'Andra (Meuse/Haute-Marne, Bassin de Paris)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esteban, L

    2006-09-15

    In order to test the feasibility of nuclear waste storage, ANDRA, the French Agency in charge of radioactive waste management, gave us the opportunity to study preserved specimens of Jurassic clay-rich rocks from eastern Paris Basin. These rocks, deposited during the Callovian and beginning of the Oxfordian, are dark- to light-grey marls that consist mainly in a mixture of clay, calcite and silt. Core-specimens regularly collected along the Callovo-Oxfordian formation from several vertical and oblique boreholes, were subjected to a magnetic mineralogy study, and to a petro-fabric study with respect to the geographical frame, itself related to a study of the pore network. The mineralogy study helps to characterize the nature of the para- and -ferrimagnetic fractions at the origin of the magnetic susceptibility and remanence which vary according to the clay/calcite/silt ratios, the latter being mostly made of detrital grains of magnetite. In the clay-rich rocks (illite and smectites), the ferrimagnetic fraction is also made of authigenic sulfides, possibly greigite, which accompany the ubiquitous framboids of pyrite. This fraction seems to equate with the soft coercive fraction which was used to re-orient the vertical borehole cores with respect to the present magnetic north. The hard fraction equates with the iron-oxides, in agreement with the random nature of the natural remanence. Hence, the coexistence in the same sediment of iron-sulfides and iron-oxides is related to distinct origins rather than to variable conditions during sedimentation or diagenesis. Preservation of these species is attributed to the very low permeability that the sediment reached after its compaction. The anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) reflects the zone-axis organization of the clay minerals, and eventually the shape fabric of the ferromagnetic fraction. Expectingly, the short axis of the AMS (K3) is vertical (perpendicular to bedding) with an anisotropy degree on the order of

  18. Oaasid üksilduse kõrbes / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2012-01-01

    Mõtteid seoses 2011. aastal Eesti kultuuriministeeriumis vastu võetud otsusega broneerida osa rahvaraamatukogude raamatute ostuks eraldatavast eelarvelisest rahast kaasaja kirjanduse ja kultuuriajakirjanduse soetamiseks

  19. Märts - kirjutajate lõikuskuu / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2003-01-01

    Kultuurkapitali kirjandusauhindadest ja nende saajatest. Proosa - Jüri Ehlvest, "Hobune eikusagilt"; luule - Karl Martin Sinijärv, "Artutart & 39"; näitekirjandus - Vaino Vahing, "Mängud ja kõnelused" ; lastekirjandus - Heino Kiik, "Kuresaapad"; esseistika - Peeter Mudist, "Ratsukäik"; tõlge eesti keelde - Mati Sirkel, Franz Kafka "Hiina müüri ehitamisel"; tõlge eesti keelest (Via Estica) - Antoine Chalvin, Jaan Kaplinski "Le désir de la pousière"; artiklipreemia - Tõnu Õnnepalu, "Kui...Küpsemine. Aleksander Suumani kaks luuletust ja üks raamat ("Meil siin Hüperboreas")", ilmus Loomingus, nr. 5-6; venekeelsete autorite auhind - Mihhail Veller - viimase 10 aasta proosaloomingu eest, ka ilmus 2002. a. eesti keeles tema "Nulltund"

  20. Meie mees Reykjavikis - see, kes julges / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2015-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmist "Need, kes julgevad", režissöör Ólafur Rögnvaldsson (Island-Eesti-Läti-Leedu 2015) ETV-s. Film Baltimaade iseseisvumisest ja Islandi tolleaegsest välisministrist Jón Baldvin Hannibalssonist selles protsessis

  1. Mälestusmärk iseendale / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Lembit Petersonist ja tema lavastusest "Maarja kuulutamine", mille eest ta pälvis aastapreemia ja osatäitmiste eest samas lavastuses said aasta naisnäitlejapreemiad tema tütred Maria ja Laura Peterson. Poeg Marius Peterson sai preemia osatäitmise eest lavastuses "Linn"

  2. Teatr v kino ili kino v teatre? / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Võimalusest jälgida Metropolitan Opera lavastusi kinolavalt Tallinna kobarkinos ja Tartu kinos Ekraan. The Metropolitan Operas 26. IX etendunud R. Straussi ooperist "Salome", lavastaja J. Flimm, dirigent P. Summers, peaosas K. Mattila.

  3. Eesti kultuur XXI sajandi künnisel / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti kultuuri käsitlemisest tekstina, eesti kultuurist üldisemalt 20. saj. lõpus ja 21. saj. alguses. Sisaldab Hando Runneli luuletust "Ei taha mina tagasi ei tea mis kuldseid aegu..." ja Paul-Eerik Rummo luuletust "Con affetto"

  4. Mis see jumal meid on loonud? / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2017-01-01

    Eesti teatriuuenduse 1969 aastal lavastas Evald Hermaküla Paul-Eerik Rummo näidendi "Tuhkatriinumäng", Jaan Tooming August Kitzbergi "Laseb käele suud anda". Jaak Alliku arvustus Jaan Toominga lavastusele ilmus ajakirjas Noorus 1970. aasta märtsinumbris pealkirjaga "Mis see jumal meid on loonud?". Sama küsimuse esitab artikli autor. Elumõttest, elu eesmärgist ja tähendusest

  5. ANDRA - Activity and sustainable development report 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Gonnot, Francois-Michel; Renauld, Valerie; Sanz, Carole

    2012-07-01

    This annual report addresses the following aspects: governance (missions, localizations, institutional partners, clients, Meuse/Haute-Marne land planning scheme, underground research laboratory, Cigeo project), human resources (accident prevention, salaried personnel, customer relationship management, next steps for the Cigeo project), public service missions (polluted sites, waste confinement in Pargny-sur-Saulx, the radium diagnosis operation, a remote declaration as a new service to prepare the national inventory for 2012), industrial activities (the industrial design phase of the Cigeo project, the Manche storage centre, the Aube storage centre), environmental activities (the Observatory of the environment, the weak impact of the storage centres, the evolution of analysis laboratory of the industrial directorate), scientific policy, technological researches, experiments and developments, international activity and relationships, sustainable development, dialogue, transparency and communication, future generations, and prospective

  6. The ANDRA in Meuse/Haute-Marne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    This document presents the project of creating a deep reversible storage centre for radioactive high- and intermediate-level long-life wastes. It recalls the researches and laws on which this project is based. It describes the different facilities of this centre, specifies the selection criteria for the site, presents the underground laboratory of Bure which is a unique tool for directly studying the geological environment, briefly reviews experiments performed in this laboratory, presents the 'Espace technologique' (an exhibition and information centre), reviews the activity of environment surveillance, outlines the objectives of a reversible storage and the challenges of a memory-keeping activity

  7. Perekonnaseadus nõrgema kaitsel / Andra Olm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olm, Andra

    2008-01-01

    Uuest perekonnaseaduse eelnõust. Ilmunud ka Lõunaleht 13. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Meie Maa 13. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik 13. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Narva Postiljon 15. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit 18. märts 2008, lk. 4 ; Vooremaa 18. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Sama ka Järva Teataja 25. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Kuulutaja 20. märts 2008, lk. 4 ; Vali Uudised 28. märts 2008, lk. 2 ; Elva Postipoiss 29. märts 2008, lk. 4

  8. Difficulty in assessing low 3H, 14C and 36Cl concentrations in old groundwaters and its implication for groundwater dating - ANDRA 2007/2008 drilling program (Meuse/Haute-Marne)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jean-Baptiste, P.; Fourre, E.; Dapoigny, A.; Michelot, J.L.; Massault, M.; Noret, A.; Rebeix, R.; Le Gal La Salle, C.; Aquilina, L.; Labasque, T.; Vinsot, A.

    2010-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. In 2007-2008, the French Nuclear Waste Agency (Andra) carried out a drilling campaign in the vicinity of its underground laboratory of Bure (Meuse/Haute-Marne), over an area of ∼400 km 2 . The objective was to obtain a detailed description of the geophysical, geological and transport properties of the 150 m thick Callovo-Oxfordian (COx) clay layer in order to check the homogeneity of this geological formation which is potentially suitable for establishing a nuclear waste deep repository. As part of this program, water samples were taken from the two limestone formations adjacent to the COx, to analyse the geochemical and isotopic characteristics of these two deep aquifers and investigate their interactions with the COx layer. Multiple permeable layers were identified in the thickness of the carbonate formations which offered the very interesting opportunity to investigate groundwater circulation in individual permeable layers within the aquifer. As the age of these groundwaters is clearly beyond the detection limit for tritium and also presumably for radiocarbon, the analysis of both tracers was designed as a check of the quality of the samples and possible mixing with younger waters within the boreholes. Besides, CFC and SF 6 samples were collected in the same purpose. Tritium was measured at the LSCE-Saclay noble gas facility using helium-3 mass spectrometry, with a limit of detection limit of 0.1 TU (the detection limit is defined as the minimum concentration of a substance being analyzed that has a 99 percent probability of being identified, thus corresponding to 3-sigma at the blank level). The radiocarbon samples were prepared at IDES (Orsay) and measured by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LMC14 (Saclay, Artemis facility, INSU national service). The detection limit was usually lower than 0.2 pmC, corresponding to a radiocarbon apparent age of ∼50 Kyr. CFC and SF 6 were measured at Geosciences

  9. The ANDRA in Meuse/Haute-Marne; L'Andra en Meuse/Haute-Marne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This document presents the project of creating a deep reversible storage centre for radioactive high- and intermediate-level long-life wastes. It recalls the researches and laws on which this project is based. It describes the different facilities of this centre, specifies the selection criteria for the site, presents the underground laboratory of Bure which is a unique tool for directly studying the geological environment, briefly reviews experiments performed in this laboratory, presents the 'Espace technologique' (an exhibition and information centre), reviews the activity of environment surveillance, outlines the objectives of a reversible storage and the challenges of a memory-keeping activity.

  10. Rein Veidemann: meil oli valida - nüüd või mitte kunagi / Rein Veidemann ; küsitles Tõnu Prei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu Rein Veidemanniga, kes oli üks 1991.a. augustiputši päevil Eesti iseseisvust kinnitava otsuse poolt hääletanud 69 rahvasaadikust. Ülemnõukogu 20. augusti otsust peab ta sama tähtsaks kui Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamist 1918. aastal

  11. Organization of low-level waste management within ANDRA, France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marque, Y.

    1993-01-01

    Short-lived waste contains relatively small quantities of radioelements with half-lives of no more than 30 years, and only trace amounts of long-lived radioelements, if any. Cobalt-60, produced by the activation of structural steel in nuclear power plants, accounts for approximately half the radioactivity in waste managed by ADNRA, yet it has only a 5-year half-life. For this reason protection from radiation emitted by this type of waste is not difficult; and the waste will become harmless in less than 300 years. In terms of disposal safety, the guiding principle is simply to isolate the radioactive materials from the environment by disposing of only stabilized waste packages and protecting the packages from outside forces, especially water and human intrusion. Some countries, particularly those that have elected not to sort waste into long-lived and short lived categories, like Germany and Switzerland, plan to dispose of all waste in deep underground repositories. This approach is sometimes a matter of convenience, as is the case for countries like Sweden and Finland, which have built repositories in the Scandinavian granite shield at nuclear power plant sites. France, Spain, the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and others dispose of short-lived waste in near-surface disposal facilities. The safety of the disposal system depends on its three fundamental building blocks: the waste package, the disposal facility, and the site

  12. Ajatu Ita Ever pühendab end jäägitult teatrile / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Näitleja Ita Everi 75. sünnipäeva puhul. Arvamust tema kohta avaldavad ka näitlejad Aleksander Eelmaa, Rasmus Kaljujärv, Tiit Sukk, teatrikunstnikud Ene-Liis Semper ja Aime Unt, teatrinõunik Tõnu Lensment

  13. Sündinud kunstnikuks - kahe Eestis kasvanud juudi lugu / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Tali, Piret. Eino Baskin. Naer läbi pisarate / kirja pannud Piret Tali. [Tallinn] : Fookus Meedia, [2009] ; Tammer, Enno. Simon Levin : sündinud advokaadiks. [Tallinn] : Tammerraamat, 2009

  14. Jüri Talveti luulepiiriületamised / Jüri Talvet ; intervjueerinud Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Jüri, 1945-

    2010-01-01

    IX Moncayo luulefestivalist Aragoonias 10. aug. 2010 ja Jüri Talveti luule tõlgetest: Del sueno, de la nieve / tõlkinud Albert Lázaro Tinaut (Olifante, 2010) ; Of Snow, of Soul / tõlkinud H. L. Hix (Guernica, 2010)

  15. Ilmus lihtne ja asjalik poliitilise mõtte ABC / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus esitles inglise professori Jonathan Wolffi raamatut "Sissejuhatus poliitikafilosoofiasse". Esitlusel Tartus viibis ka raamatu autor, kes on Londoni ülikooli kolledzhi professor ja filosoofiaosakonna juhataja ning Briti filosoofiaühingu sekretär. Lisa: Raamat

  16. Selgusid kirjanduse aastapreemiate saajad / Rein Veidemann ; komment. Karl Martin Sinijärv, Viivi Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad: Kristiina Ehini luulekogu "Kaitseala" ja Jürgen Rooste luulekogu "Ilusaks inimeseks", Piret Raud "Sanna ja salakütid", Merle Karusoo näidend "Misjonärid", Madis Kõivu artiklikogumik "Luhta-minek". Tõlkepreemiad tõlkijatele Anu Saluäär, Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv. Vabaauhind Käbi Laretei. Artiklipreemia Aare Pilv. Venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind Gohar Markosjan-Käsper, Svetlan Semenenko

  17. Armastav Traat ja valutav Rooste, Tuglased mõlemad / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Täna antakse Jürgen Roostele ja Mats Traadile üle Friedebert Tuglase novelliauhinnad. Auhinnavääriliseks tunnistati Jürgen Rooste novell "Pornofilm ja pudel viina" (Vikerkaar 2006, nr 6) ja Mats Traadi novell "Sarviku armastus" (Looming 2006, nr 11)

  18. Jumalaga, ainsus! : (Postmodernismi väljakutse eesti kirjandusele ja kriitikale) / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    1995-01-01

    Ka Harald Peebu artiklist 'Arvustaja teeristil' (Keel ja Kirjandus, 1993, nr. 10), postmodernismi klassiku Jacques Derrida seisukohtadest, tema terminist 'différance' - 'siirdus' ja kirjanduskriitikast

  19. Professor Jüri Talvetist sai Ida-Lääne akadeemia liige / intervjueerinud Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Jüri, 1945-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Tartu ülikooli maailmakirjanduse professori Jüri Talvetiga luulefestivalist Curtea de Argeş ("Nopţile de Poezie de la Curtea de Argeş") ja tema rumeenia keelde tõlgitud luulekogust „Unest, lumest” ("De din somn, de din zăpadă" - tõlkija Dumitru M. Ion), mida autor seal esitlemas käis ning Ida-Lääne akadeemiast (Academia Internationala Orient-Occident), mille tegevliikmeks ta valiti

  20. Hasselblatti Eesti jõudmine eesti keelde / Cornelius Hasselblatt ; intervjueerinud Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hasselblatt, Cornelius, 1960-

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu estofiilist keele- ja kirjandusteadlase ning tõlkija, Tartu ülikooli audoktori ja Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia välisliikme Cornelius Hasselblattiga tema neljast värskest eesti kirjandust ja kultuuri käsitlevast teosest, neist kolm eesti keeles

  1. Teater kinos või kino teatris? "Salome" juhtum / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Ooper kinolinal : Richard Strauss. "Salome". Dirigent Patrick Summers, lavastaja Jürgen Flimm. New Yorgi Metropolitan Opera etenduse otseülekanne 11. oktoobril Tallinna kobarkinos ja Tartu kinos Ekraan

  2. Estonian contemporary poetry in Galician : [intervjuu] / Arturo Casas Vales ; interv. by Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Casas Vales, Arturo

    2002-01-01

    Santiago de Compostelas ilmus galeegi keeles eesti luule antoloogia "Vello ceo n̤rdico" (2002), kogu ilmus kirjandusajakirja Boletin Galego de Literatura erinumbrina. Intervjuu ilmus eesti k.: Postimees, 2002, 28. märts

  3. Ajalooõpiku autor kirjutas võistluse parima romaani / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Romaanivõistluse võitjaks kuulutati romaan "Liblikad janus", autoriks ajalooharidusega Milvi Martina Piir, kelle sulest on varem ilmunud 5. klassi ajalooõpik "Inimesed ajas" ja luulekogu "Kõrkjavaas"

  4. Kultuuri ärklikorrusel käib vilgas elu / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Artiklis tutvustatakse Interlitteraria 6. nr-t (Tartu Ülikooli Kirj., 2001) ja kogumikke "Uurimusi müüdist ja maagiast" (Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli Kirj., 2001) ning Acta Semiotica Estica I (Tartu Ülikooli Kirj., 2001)

  5. Peamised trendid meeste tekstilisel konstrueerimisel naisteajakirja Cosmopolitan artiklites? / Greete Kempel, Andra Siibak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kempel, Greete

    2010-01-01

    Uuritakse Eestis ilmuva Cosmpolitani nägemust meestest aastatel 2005-2008 ilmunud artiklite kontentanalüüsi põhjal. Meeste kujutamisel kasutatud kontruktsioonid, sõnastatud eeldused ja meeste enda esitatud omadused

  6. Merereostuse vältimine ja likvideerimine / Tuuli Rasso, Krista Jansen, Andra Peel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rasso, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Riigikontroll korraldas koostöös teiste Läänemere riikidega 2004. a. kaks auditit, milles analüüsiti riigi tegevust laevadelt pärineva reostuse vältimisel ja merereostuse käsitlemisel. Laevajäätmete vastuvõtust sadamates, jäätmekäitlejate aruandlusest, merereostuste avastamisest ja likvideerimisest, reostaja karistustest ning ametkondlikust vastutusest. Diagrammid. Tabelid

  7. Aasta noore tiitli pälvis üle saja muusiku / Andra Kütt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kütt, Andra

    2009-01-01

    Viljandi Aasta noore preemiale kandideerinud 11 noorest ja noortekollektiivist. Preemia otsustati anda Viljandi Noorte Sümfooniaorkestrile suurepärase kontserttegevuse eest Viljandis ja mujal Eestis.

  8. Võitjad on Fortumo ja EMT. Ettevõtted said auhinnatud / Andras Kralla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kralla, Andras, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Estonia kontserdisaalis kuulutati 14. septembril 2011 välja Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse ettevõtlusauhindade võitjad. Juuresoleval fotol võtab AS EMT juhatuse esimees Valdo Kalm auhinna vastu president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt

  9. Euroopa Liidu liitumine inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooniga / Andra Laurand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurand, Andra

    2013-01-01

    Põhiõiguste kaitsest Euroopa Liidus Lissaboni lepingu jõustumisest 1. dets. 2009. aastal kuni konventsiooniga liitumiseni. Põhiõiguste kaitse eri tasanditest (põhiõigused ELi üldpõhimõtetena, ELi põhiõiguste harta, Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsioon). Võimalikest probleemidest, mis Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste kaitse süsteemil pärast liitumist ees seisavad

  10. Kolmanda akti tõus ja langus / Madis Ernits, Andra Laurand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits, Madis, 1971-

    2017-01-01

    Põhiseaduse täiendamise seadusest (nn kolmas akt) ja Põhiseaduse Assambleest. Euroopa Liiduga ühinemisest. Põhiseaduse täiendamise seaduse sünniloost, rakendamispraktikas esile kerkinud probleemidest ning võimalikest lahendustest

  11. State and localisation of the nuclear wastes in France. Index established by the ANDRA observatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    This index is the seventh edition of the the national index on nuclear wastes state and localisation. Its purpose is to index the sites where people could find radioactive wastes in France (great industry as EDF or Cogema but also little producers, national defense sites and research laboratories) and the sealed sources distributors. Law texts concerning the radioactive wastes and general information on nuclear elements or radioactivity are also provided. (A.L.B.)

  12. Bosphoruse doktriin ja Euroopa Liidu liitumine Euroopa inimõiguste konventsiooniga / Andra Laurand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurand, Andra

    2012-01-01

    Bosphoruse ehk võrdväärse kaitse doktriinist, mis pärineb Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu 2005. aasta otsusest Bosphorus Hava Yollari vs. Iirimaa. Artikkel põhineb 2011. aastal valminud uurimistööl „Võrdväärse kaitse doktriin Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktikas“

  13. Kirjanike Liit jätkab tööd Sinijärve käe all / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Kirjanikud valisid eilsel üldkogul järgmiseks kolmeks aastaks end juhtima luuletaja, publitsisti ja saate "OP" juhina tuntud Karl-Martin Sinijärve, kes vahetab sellel ametipostil välja senise esimehe Jan Kausi

  14. Tagasivaade 90-ndate eesti kirjandusele / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    1999-01-01

    Vastukajad: Veidemann, Rein. Edasivaade 90-ndate eesti kirjandusele: teksti, metateksti ja konteksti probleem // Looming (1999) nr. 12, lk. 1847-1852 ; Merilai, Arne. Elule lähemale - sic! // Sirp (2000) 14. jaan.., lk. 14

  15. Peal on propaganda, all on tugev off / Valle-Sten Maiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maiste, Valle-Sten, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Lõppeva teatriaasta repertuaarivalikust. Teatriaasta õnnestumiste ja ebaõnnestumiste kohta vastavad küsimustele ka Pille-Riin Purje, Jaak Allik, Rein Veidemann, Rait Avestik, Jim Ashilevi, Eva Kübar, Madli Pesti ja Madis Kolk

  16. The five year report of the Tunnel Sealing Experiment: an international project of AECL, JNC, ANDRA and WIPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chandler, N.A.; Cournut, A.; Dixon, D.

    2002-01-01

    The Tunnel Sealing Experiment (TSX) was conducted to address construction and performance issues of full-scale seals for potential application to deep geological repositories for radioactive waste. The TSX was performed by an international partnership representing Japan, France, the United States and Canada. The experiment was installed at the 420-m depth of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's Underground Research Laboratory in the granite rock of the Precambrian Canadian Shield. The experiment involved the construction of two full-scale tunnel seals at either end of a single excavation. One seal was an assembly of pre-compacted sand-bentonite blocks and the second seal was a single cast of Low-Heat High-Performance concrete. The objective of the TSX was to assess the applicability of technologies for construction of practicable concrete and bentonite bulkheads; to evaluate the performance of each bulkhead; and to identify and document the parameters that affect that performance. This report documents the construction and operation of the experiment over its first five years. During this period, the experiment was designed, tunnels were excavated, and the seals were constructed. The sand-filled region between the two bulkhead seals was filled and pressurized with water to 800 and 2000 kPa. A tracer test was conducted at a tunnel pressure of 800 kPa to assess the solute transport characteristics of full-scale tunnel seals. The most important outcome from the TSX is that functional full-scale repository seals can be constructed using currently available technology. Factors identified as potentially affecting seal performance included: excavation method and minimizing the excavation damaged zone (EDZ); keying bulkheads into the rock to interrupt the EDZ; compacted sand-bentonite placement method; treatment of clay bulkhead-rock interface; rate of clay saturation compared with the rate of water pressurization; clay bulkhead volume expansion; the resealing properties of bentonite; concrete heat of hydration; concrete shrinkage; grouting of the both EDZ and the concrete-rock interface; cracking of the concrete and debonding of the concrete-rock interface. The conclusions arising from the TSX are directly applicable to either tunnel or shaft seals constructed in potential host rock environments under consideration for radioactive waste disposal, and the results have direct application to the repository sealing programs of the participating countries. (author)

  17. Argument types about the notion of reversibility in the management of radioactive wastes - ANDRA EHESS convention, final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cezanne-Bert, Pierrick; Chateauraynaud, Francis

    2009-01-01

    Whereas the creation authorization of a deep geological storage centre will be able to be awarded only after a law defining reversibility conditions, this document reports the study of the different argument and speech types about the notion of reversibility in the management of nuclear wastes. This study is based on 2.360 texts and 17 interviews with the main actors of this issue. After a description of this corpus, the authors analyze the reversibility notion in terms of technological innovation, legal constraint, and protest forms. They identify the main trends and possible emerging conflicts

  18. FACEBOOKFLICKOR : En kvalitativ studie om unga flickors påverkanav sitt eget och andras Facebook-användande

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Mirja

    2011-01-01

    Title: Facebook girls, a qualitative study of social medias and Facebooks impact on young girlsNumber of pages: 32Author: Mirja LarssonTutor: Amelie HössjerCourse: Media and Communication studies CPeriod: Autumn 2010University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Information and Media,Uppsala UniversityPurpose/aim: To discover any possible difference between young girls and older girls in their wayof using Facebook.Material/method: Personal interviews, literature, electronic so...

  19. Õpetajate-õpilaste interaktsioon ja sisuloome suhtlusportaalides : õpetajate arvamused ja kogemused / Sandra Räim, Andra Siibak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räim, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Keskkooliõpetajatega läbi viidud intervjuude tulemused viitavad veebisisu loomega kaasnevatele põlvkondlikele erinevustele ning avavad õpetajate-õpilaste probleeme suhtlusportaali auditooriumi tajumisel

  20. The five year report of the Tunnel Sealing Experiment: an international project of AECL, JNC, ANDRA and WIPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandler, N.A.; Cournut, A.; Dixon, D. (and others)

    2002-07-01

    The Tunnel Sealing Experiment (TSX) was conducted to address construction and performance issues of full-scale seals for potential application to deep geological repositories for radioactive waste. The TSX was performed by an international partnership representing Japan, France, the United States and Canada. The experiment was installed at the 420-m depth of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's Underground Research Laboratory in the granite rock of the Precambrian Canadian Shield. The experiment involved the construction of two full-scale tunnel seals at either end of a single excavation. One seal was an assembly of pre-compacted sand-bentonite blocks and the second seal was a single cast of Low-Heat High-Performance concrete. The objective of the TSX was to assess the applicability of technologies for construction of practicable concrete and bentonite bulkheads; to evaluate the performance of each bulkhead; and to identify and document the parameters that affect that performance. This report documents the construction and operation of the experiment over its first five years. During this period, the experiment was designed, tunnels were excavated, and the seals were constructed. The sand-filled region between the two bulkhead seals was filled and pressurized with water to 800 and 2000 kPa. A tracer test was conducted at a tunnel pressure of 800 kPa to assess the solute transport characteristics of full-scale tunnel seals. The most important outcome from the TSX is that functional full-scale repository seals can be constructed using currently available technology. Factors identified as potentially affecting seal performance included: excavation method and minimizing the excavation damaged zone (EDZ); keying bulkheads into the rock to interrupt the EDZ; compacted sand-bentonite placement method; treatment of clay bulkhead-rock interface; rate of clay saturation compared with the rate of water pressurization; clay bulkhead volume expansion; the resealing properties of bentonite; concrete heat of hydration; concrete shrinkage; grouting of the both EDZ and the concrete-rock interface; cracking of the concrete and debonding of the concrete-rock interface. The conclusions arising from the TSX are directly applicable to either tunnel or shaft seals constructed in potential host rock environments under consideration for radioactive waste disposal, and the results have direct application to the repository sealing programs of the participating countries. (author)

  1. Energy systems analysis modeling as a decision tool; Systemanalytisk energimodell som beslutsverktyg. Borlaenge och andra kommuner i Dalarna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byman, Karin

    1999-10-01

    The hypothesis is that `a system optimisation model can be a powerful tool to produce basic data for strategic decision making in a local energy company`. Another question is: do the companies trust the results? The model used is MODEST, which is a model for energy-system optimisation, built on linear programming. The local energy system in the municipality of Borlaenge, has been analysed by means of MODEST and at the same time a traditional study has been carried out by an experienced energy-consultant. Both investigations were made under exactly the same conditions but totally independent of each other. Both studies came to same conclusions, and this was very important for the continued work. A more extensive investigation was made when five communities, including Borlaenge, joined to analyse the optimal energy supply in the region of Dalarna. The other communities are Hedemora, Saeter, Avesta and Falun. By following the decision-making process in Borlaenge and the other communities it has been possible to judge the usefulness of the MODEST model and the concept of energy system analyses that goes with it. The energy companies were interviewed about their experiences of the model. They all agree that they have confidence in the model, as the results correspond with their own calculations and knowledge of their energy systems. The process is easy to follow and the inputs to the model are data that always have to be processed in an investigation of a new investment or other changes of the energy supply. The result of the analysis is easy to comprehend. Regarding Borlaenge a decisive strategic decision has not yet been made. That depends on external insecurities on the energy market which are outside the modelling process. Not making a decision is also a strategic act. Based on the results of the analysis that have been made during the period of this work, 1997-1999, Borlaenge Energy has decided to postpone the final decision for two or three years. The president of Borlaenge Energy says that when it is time to make a strategic decision they will use the model again. The other energy companies also agree that their future decisions will be built on the results of the MODEST-analyses. The conclusions of the thesis state that the system-analysis model MODEST calculates correctly and the concept of the analysing process is well adapted to a local energy system. The systematic way in which the analysing process is carried out stimulates the creativity and creates an active learning process among the participants. The results are trustworthy 32 refs, 17 figs, 16 tabs

  2. Can Sweden be forced to manage nuclear waste from other countries?; Kan Sverige tvingas ta emot andra laenders kaernavfall?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergstroem, Ulf; Lindgren, Jonas; Nordfors, Lennart [Gullers Grupp, Stockholm (Sweden); Hallerby, Christer [Docere Intelligence, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2005-06-01

    This report tries to answer two questions: Can Sweden, through supranational decisions, be forced to dispose of other nations nuclear waste within its own borders? and How can a Swedish stakeholder follow and influence EU-agendas, in particular concerning nuclear waste? Sometimes it has been argued that, through the EU-membership, Sweden could be forced to accept foreign radioactive waste for disposal in Sweden. However, the Swedish Nuclear Technology Act clearly states that license for final disposal spent nuclear fuels can not be given for fuel from another country than Sweden. At the Swedish EU entry it was found that the national legislation were compatible with the EU regulations, and as a consequence waste from foreign nuclear plants can not be disposed of in Sweden, even if the plant is owned by a Swedish company. Other conclusions in the report are: The system for decision making in EU is complex and slow and must be supported by supranational and international organs. The process is complex, but offers many opportunities for following-up and influencing. The risk for anything happening 'over-night' in the radioactive waste question is minimal. The issue of regulating radioactive waste management in a supranational way, i.e. by forcing a country to accept wastes from another country is not on the agenda. The Euratom treaty is interpreted in the way that such decision can not be made. The international discussions about regional repositories build upon voluntary agreements. Scenarios leading to coersive legislation are judged to be politically unrealistic - and needing important changes to be realised.

  3. The five year report of the Tunnel Sealing Experiment: an international project of AECL, JNC, ANDRA and WIPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandler, N A; Cournut, A; Dixon, D [and others

    2002-07-01

    The Tunnel Sealing Experiment (TSX) was conducted to address construction and performance issues of full-scale seals for potential application to deep geological repositories for radioactive waste. The TSX was performed by an international partnership representing Japan, France, the United States and Canada. The experiment was installed at the 420-m depth of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's Underground Research Laboratory in the granite rock of the Precambrian Canadian Shield. The experiment involved the construction of two full-scale tunnel seals at either end of a single excavation. One seal was an assembly of pre-compacted sand-bentonite blocks and the second seal was a single cast of Low-Heat High-Performance concrete. The objective of the TSX was to assess the applicability of technologies for construction of practicable concrete and bentonite bulkheads; to evaluate the performance of each bulkhead; and to identify and document the parameters that affect that performance. This report documents the construction and operation of the experiment over its first five years. During this period, the experiment was designed, tunnels were excavated, and the seals were constructed. The sand-filled region between the two bulkhead seals was filled and pressurized with water to 800 and 2000 kPa. A tracer test was conducted at a tunnel pressure of 800 kPa to assess the solute transport characteristics of full-scale tunnel seals. The most important outcome from the TSX is that functional full-scale repository seals can be constructed using currently available technology. Factors identified as potentially affecting seal performance included: excavation method and minimizing the excavation damaged zone (EDZ); keying bulkheads into the rock to interrupt the EDZ; compacted sand-bentonite placement method; treatment of clay bulkhead-rock interface; rate of clay saturation compared with the rate of water pressurization; clay bulkhead volume expansion; the resealing properties of bentonite; concrete heat of hydration; concrete shrinkage; grouting of the both EDZ and the concrete-rock interface; cracking of the concrete and debonding of the concrete-rock interface. The conclusions arising from the TSX are directly applicable to either tunnel or shaft seals constructed in potential host rock environments under consideration for radioactive waste disposal, and the results have direct application to the repository sealing programs of the participating countries. (author)

  4. Eesti filmitegijate edu jääb alaväärsuskompleksi taha / Gabriel Dettre ; intervjueerinud Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dettre, Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu Ungari päritolu režissööri ja produtsendi Gabriel Dettrega, kes sel hooajal õpetab filmitegemist Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolis ja Lavakunstikoolis. Intervjuu teemadeks filmitegemine ja -õpetamine

  5. Nya testamentets exegetik som akademiskt ämne med relevans för andra ämnen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Kelhoffer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is the author's inaugural lecture, delivered in November 2011 upon his installation as Professor of New Testament at Uppsala University. It addresses several conceptual and methodological questions about New Testament Exegesis, including: ‘What is New Testament Exegesis?’ ‘What does it mean to call New Testament Exegesis an academic discipline?’ and ‘How can this discipline have relevance for other disciplines?’ A central argument is that the current balkanization of biblical studies is undesirable and that scholars who use more traditional or newer methods should engage each other rather than talk past each other. Since the so-called ‘historical-critical method’ is, in fact, not just one method, this misconception in current nomenclature merits critical attention. Additionally, ‘the linguistic turn’ holds promise for future discussions.

  6. Assessment of costs related to the implementation of management solutions on the long term for high and medium level long life radioactive wastes. ANDRA's proposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-10-01

    This huge document contains several volumes which propose detailed costing of the various parts of the Cigeo project after sketch studies (this project deals with the deep geological storage of high and medium level long life radioactive wastes). It notably states the various hypotheses regarding the inventory of radioactive wastes, the waste supply prediction, and works closure. This cost assessment takes the different project stages into account and a cost update. Various aspects are thus assessed, some related to investments (design studies, preliminary works, construction of the various installations, renewal of equipment during exploitation, installation dismantling and works closure, insurance, commissioning authority and engineering subcontracting), to exploitation (production and maintenance, support, activities related to safety, radiation protection and control of the environment, operating costs, utilities, storage containers, insurance), and to other expenses (tax, research and development, technological tests, control after closure)

  7. Sociologin i Grekland : från 1907 fram till Metaxas-diktaturen (1936–1940) och andra världskriget

    OpenAIRE

    Coniavitis, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Sociology in Greece from 1907 to the Metaxas dictatorship (1936–40) and the Second World War This paper focuses on pre-conditions for sociology to develop and the subject matters of emerging sociology in Greece. Pre-conditions were at hand but without continuity, and the opportunity for sociology to develop was lost. Sociology is said to have started in 1907 with the book The Social Question by Georgos Skliros. He presented sociology and Marxism as identical and deals with Greek society and ...

  8. The project of documentary space 'ExploRe' Opened pluri-disciplinary exploration of reversibility: multiple-point of view access to exploratory works of Andra on reversibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cahier, Jean-Pierre; Desfriches, Orelie; Zacklad, Manuel

    2009-01-01

    The authors present a digital space (a web site - 'ExploRe') which would allows a community to share a set of pluri-disciplinary information items concerning reversibility, and in which the community members describe the items by using attributes and themes belonging to different points of view

  9. Critical examination of the ANDRA program on researches performed in Bure underground laboratory and on the transposition zone to define a ZIRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    After an introductive chapter which notably presents the definition criteria for a ZIRA (area of interest for extended reconnaissance), an area chosen to study its potential use as intermediate and high level long life radioactive waste deep storage. The second chapter reports the collection of seismic data, investigations, researches and analyses for the selection of a ZIRA, a deeper investigation on earthquakes (seismic risk, seismic history, maximum possible earthquake, site response to earthquakes). The third chapter reports the characterization and properties of the concerned geological formations which may influence contaminant transportation in geological media and long term storage performance. The fourth chapter reports a rock mechanics analysis: possible non-homogeneities of mechanical properties, comparison of in situ stress with interstitial pressure parameters between the ZIRA and the underground laboratory, and so on. The fifth chapter addresses thermal aspects: thermal response of the host formation, rock thermal properties, and review of thermal models and of thermal effects. The last chapter compares six programs of underground researches aimed at the selection of ZIRA

  10. Att lita på andras blodgåva : Åsikter om att homosexuella män i praktiken nekas donera blod

    OpenAIRE

    Elwin, Elin

    2015-01-01

    Denna kandidatuppsats undersöker vilka upp­fattningar sjuksköterskor och homo­sexuella män har kring reglerna för blodgivning, med inriktning på att homosexuella män i praktiken inte får donera blod. Studien har genomförts med kvalitativ intervju som metod. Resultatet framhäver att mina informanter klassificerat blod och människor olika, där både utländskt blod och svenskt blod rangordnas efter potentiell risk för smitta. Sjuksköterskorna och de homosexuella männen hanterar även reglerna olik...

  11. ANDRA - Referential Materials. Volume 1: Context and scope; Volume 2: Argillaceous materials; Volume 3: Cementitious materials; Volume 4: The corrosion of metallic materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This huge document gathers four volumes. The first volume presents some generalities about materials used in the storage of radioactive materials (definition, design principle, current choices and corresponding storage components, general properties of materials and functions of the corresponding storage components, physical and chemical solicitations experienced by materials in a storage), and the structure and content of the other documents. The second volume addresses argillaceous materials. It presents some generalities about these materials in the context of a deep geological storage, and about their design. It presents and comments the crystalline and chemical, and physical and chemical characteristics of swelling argillaceous materials and minerals, describes how these swelling argillaceous materials are shaped and set up, presents and comments physical properties (hydraulic, mechanical and thermal properties) of these materials, comments and discusses the modelling of the geo-chemical behaviour, and their behaviour in terms of containment and transport of radionuclides. The third volume addresses cementitious materials. It presents some generalities about these materials in the context of a deep geological storage, and about their definition and specifications. It presents some more detailed generalities (cement definition and composition, hydration, microstructure of hydrated cements, adjuvants), presents and comments their physical properties (fresh concrete structure and influence of composition, main aimed properties in the hardened status, transfer, mechanical, and thermal properties, shaping and setting up of these materials, technical solutions for hydraulic works). The fourth volume addresses the corrosion of metallic materials. It presents some generalities about these materials in the context of a deep geological storage of radioactive materials. It presents metallic materials and discusses their corrosion behaviour. It describes the peculiarities of the storage environment in terms of corrosion (physical conditions, water chemistry, temperature, radiation, mechanical stresses, and other parameters), describes the corrosion of low-alloy and non-alloy steels (generalised, pitting or cracking, other factors of corrosion), and addresses more particularly the case of Fe-Ni-Cr-Mo alloys, and the case of copper and of titanium alloys

  12. Soomlased teavad teistest rohkem : Europrojekti küsitlus uuris, millist kasu loodavad e-tervisest patsiendid, meedikud ja tervishoiujuhid Euroopas / Andra Altoa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Altoa, Andra

    2007-01-01

    Käesoleva aasta augustis jõuavad lõpusirgele Euroopa Liidu Interreg III B programmi poolt rahastatud projektid Baltic eHealth ja eHealth for Regions. Projektide eesmärgiks on olnud analüüsida e-tervise rakendamise võimalikkust Euroopas

  13. Naturally occurring radioactive elements, arsenic and other metals in drinking water from private wells; Naturligt radioaktiva aemnen, arsenik och andra metaller i dricksvatten fraan enskilda brunnar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ek, Britt-Marie; Thunholm, Bo (Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU), Uppsala (SE)); Oestergren, Inger; Falk, Rolf; Mjoenes, Lars (Swedish Radiation Protection Authority, Stockholm (Sweden))

    2008-04-15

    Approximately 50% of all drinking water is extracted from groundwater. For private supply of drinking water almost 100% emanates from groundwater. For approximately 1.2 of the 9 million Swedish citizens, private wells are the primary water source where 700 000 get their water from wells drilled in the bedrock. Radioactive elements and metals that occur naturally in the bedrock can be found in the well water. The radioactive elements include radon-222 (222Rn), uranium (U), radium-226 (226Ra) as well as polonium-210 (210Po) and lead-210 (210Pb), which are long-lived progeny of radon. In 2001 SGU and SSI initiated a collaboration to investigate the occurrence of radioactive elements and metals in water from private wells. Data sampling and analysis was completed in 2006. The aim of the project was to map the occurrence of radioactive elements in drinking water from private wells and to estimate their respective dose contribution. Another aim was to map metals and other elements in the water, to study temporal variations and possible co-variations between analysed elements. Sampling was conducted in a random fashion throughout the country. However, in regions where bedrock and soils are known to show enhanced concentrations of radioactive elements and arsenic the sampling density was increased. The analyses comprises: total beta activity, total alpha activity, radium-226, radon-222, uranium, aluminium, chloride, calcium, vanadium, chromium, iron, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, zink, arsenic, strontium, molybdenum, cadmium, barium, lead, thorium, boron, sodium, manganese, potassium, silica, alkalinity, sulfate, fluoride, phosphate, nitrate, pH and electric conductivity. In a few cases chemistry analyses of polonium-210 and lead-210 have been done. It was observed that the south-western part of Sweden, with exception for granite areas in the county of Bohuslaen, has relatively low concentrations of natural radioactive elements in the drinking water. The occurrence of radium-226 in drinking water is rare except in some wells located in central Sweden. Eight percent of the randomly sampled drilled wells have radon- 222 concentrations exceeding the regulatory action level of 1 000 Bq/l (becquerel per litre) in the water. Uranium concentrations in as much as 17% of the water samples are above the guideline value of 15 mug/l (microgram per liter) recommended by the Swedish authorities and by the World Health Organisation (WHO). 2% of the wells have high concentrations of uranium (>100 mug/l) in the water. Persons who consume such water on a daily basis will receive a radiation dose of at least 0.1 mSv per year. The highest radiation dose (as calculated from all radioactive elements in drinking water, polonium-210 and lead-210 excluded), was encountered in one drinking water from a well in the county of Dalarna. The dose was estimated to be greater than 5.0 mSv/year. This implies that if polonium-210 and lead-210 are included in the estimation, the total radiation dose can be 3-4 times higher. The results show that a significant number of people in Sweden are consuming water with an elevated concentration of radioactive elements. It also points out that decay products of radon, namely polonium- 210 and lead-210 might contribute to a higher radiation dose than radon itself. This study shows that arsenic often exceed the guide line value (10 mug/l) for drinking water set by the National Board of Health and Welfare of Sweden in some regions. Enhanced and high arsenic levels are mainly found in water from drilled wells but also from some dug wells in the risk areas. Generally the arsenic concentration in Swedish drinking water is low with a median value of 0,25 mug/l from randomly selected wells. Over 30% of sampled drilled wells have fluoride levels exceeding 1,3 mg/l, which is the guideline value set by the authorities. Enhanced concentrations of boron were found in well water in areas with younger sedimentary bedrock. On the island of Gotland, where the bedrock is dominated by Silurian limestones, the majority of the water samples showed boron concentrations far exceeding the provisional guide line value 500 mug/l set by WHO. Metals like lead, cadmium, nickel and chromium are only rarely found in harmful concentrations in Swedish drinking-water. A conclusion of the results from this study is that ordinary analyses of physico-chemical and microbiological parameters as well as radon-222, should be complemented with analyses of metals including uranium and arsenic, especially in waters from drilled wells in bedrock. A direct finding from this study is that radium-226 accumulates in some types of common water filters, which are often used to decrease iron and manganese. With arsenic concentrations in the drinking water exceeding the guide line 10 mug/l, actions should be taken to reduce the concentrations below this limit.

  14. Understanding the acquisition and regulation mechanisms of the water chemistry in a clay formation: the CEC/ANDRA Archimede-argile project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Merceron, T.; Mossmann, J.R.; Neerdael, B.; Canniere, P. de; Beaucaire, C.; Toulhoat, P.; Daumas, S.; Bianchi, A.; Christen, R.

    1993-01-01

    Clay formations are candidate host environments to high level radioactive waste repository. The radioelements could be partially released from the waste into the host geological formation after a very long time. Understanding behaviour of the natural chemical species is considered as a fundamental prerequisite before the disturbed system will be studied. Additional laboratory studies are also essential in order to forecast, by analogy, the behaviour of radioelements released from the radioactive waste repository. The ARCHIMEDE-ARGILE project has two main goals. The first is to gain an understanding of the mechanisms of acquisition and regulation of the water chemistry in a clay environment. This step is essential to predict both the behaviour and the migration in solution of artificial elements which are initially absent in the clay formation. The second is to test and validate in clay the measured physico chemical parameters which are the basis for the geochemical modelling of the behaviour of the natural and artificial radioelements. The paper presents the main results previously obtained on granitic waters and the research strategy established for the ARCHIMEDE project. (authors). 2 figs., 2 refs

  15. The effect of vehicle exhausts on crops and other utility plants close to roads; Trafikavgasers effekter paa groedor och andra nyttovaexter i naerheten av vaegar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pleijel, H.; Ahlfors, A.; Skaerby, L.; Pihl Karlsson, G.; Sjoedin, Aa.

    1993-11-01

    This report summarizes the present knowledge concerning the impact of automobile exhausts on plants and the research carried out at IVL in this field during the period 1988-1991. The investigations carried out at motorway E6 south of Gothenburg show: * that the concentrations of ethylene are high enough to cause pronounced effects on the bio indicator petunia, * that the ozone concentrations in the vicinity of the motorway are lower than the regional background concentrations, which was reflected in significantly less visible ozone injury on the ozone bio indicator, subterranean clover, close to the motorway after an ozone episode, * that the less ozone sensitive red clover, in contrast to subterranean clover, showed stimulated growth with increasing distance from the motorway, * that there was a tendency towards higher yields for cereals in the vicinity of the motorway, but the extent of and cause for this growth stimulation is not known at present. The effects of metals from catalytic converters is as yet uncertain, as is the understanding of effects of nitrogen oxides. 45 refs, 16 figs, 7 tabs

  16. "Hemma längar jag bort, borta längtar jag hem." Andra världskrigets finska krigsbarn i svensk barn- och ungdomslitteratur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulf Boëthius

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available During and after the Second World War Sweden received around 70 000 Finnish war children. It was by far the biggest of all contingents of refugees during the war. The (often only Finnish speaking children were placed in Swedish foster homes or in children's homes. Most of them were sent back to Finland after the war but a big group also stayed with their foster parents. The movements from one home to another (some made this journey on more than one occasion made many of them feel lonely, deserted and abandoned. In this paper I am going to discuss how the Finnish war children are depicted in Swedish books for children and youth from the war years up until today. After a discussion of the fluctuations of interest in the Finnish child refugees in Swedish children's books I will focus on how they have been depicted. What aspects have been focused on and what problems have been selected (or neglected in different books at different times? I will also show how the treatment of the subject has been governed by a whole set of different factors: the age of the addressees, the choice of genre, the expanding research on the Second World War (and more specific the Finnish war children, the public debates on the treatment of (also contemporary war refugees and not least the changes of the Swedish literature for children and youth, from the 1960s focusing more on social problems and developing towards a greater realism.

  17. Ring peale kultuurkapitali kirjanduslaureaatidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. aasta kirjanduse aastapreemia laureaatide teoste tutvustused: André Trinity (Rein Raud "Hector ja Bernard"), Mart Velsker (fs - luulekogu "2004"), Katrin Ruus (Mart Kivastik -näidend "Külmetava kunstniku portree"), Krista Kumberg (Jaan Rannap "Nelja nimega koer"), Rein Veidemann (Toomas Haug "Troojamäe tõotus")

  18. Luuleline lõuna Rein Veidemanni moodi: õnn olla koos oma põlvkonnaga / Juune Holvandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Holvandus, Juune

    2017-01-01

    Rapla keskraamatukogus toimus luulehuviliste kohtumine, kuhu oli lubanud tulla mitmekülgne inimene - kirjandusteadlane, poliitik, ühiskonnategelane, üliõpilastele alati mõistev ja pühendunud õpetaja, nüüd Tallinna Ülikooli prof emeritus, vastne ringhäälingunõukogu esimees Rein Veidemann

  19. Üleväärsusest / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Vastukaja art.: Raid, Juku-Kalle. Alla mõistuse! // Postimees. - (2005/Sep/29) - Lk. 21. Artikli kaasautorid on Toomas Kümmel ja Sven Kivisildnik. Vt ka vastukaja: Rein Veidemann. Häda mõistuse pärast, Postimees, 3. okt., lk. 17

  20. Mati Hint - sünge keeleteadlane ja pessimistlik ühiskonnategelane / Mari Klein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klein, Mari, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    11. septembril peeti Tallinna Ülikoolis seminari, mis oli pühendatud Mati Hindi 70. sünnipäevale. Ettekannetega esinesid ülikoolikaaslased, sõbrad ja kolleegid Rein Veidemann, Haldur Õim, Martin Ehala, Mats Traat, Tapani Lehtinen, Jaan Kaplinski

  1. Technical response by the ANDRA to the IEER report. Comment on the final report of the critical examination of the ANDRA's program on researches performed in the Bure underground laboratory and on the transposition area to define a ZIRA, prepared by the IEER for the CLIS (March-April 2011)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This report is an answer to the conclusions and recommendations of a report made by the IEER about researches performed in the field of deep geological storage of nuclear wastes. It also proposes an analysis of the whole content of this report. The IEER report addressed seismic data and seismic characterization of the transposition area, the characteristics and properties of host geological formations, rock mechanics, thermal aspects, and the comparison with other underground research programs aimed at the selection of a ZIRA (area of interest for deeper research for a future storage)

  2. Swedish nuclear power. A review of the legislation in the nuclear energy field from the second world war til the new millennium; Svensk kaernenergi. En expose oever lagstiftningen paa kaernenergiomraadet fraan andra vaerldskriget till millennieskiftet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blomstrand, Edward [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Faculty of Law

    2005-02-01

    This thesis covers the history of the legislation regarding the production of nuclear energy in Sweden. When the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, it became apparent that enormous amounts of energy could be harnessed from uranium nuclei. Among the first Swedish laws written regarding nuclear energy was one enabling the Government to take control of the abundant uranium deposits in Sweden, using a licence-based system. Thereafter, the Government tried to direct what type of nuclear technology should be developed by means of political decisions. However, this objective was not realized for reasons beyond the Government's control. Sweden passed the Atomic Energy Act in 1956. This act was also licence based. Twelve commercial reactors were constructed, making Sweden one of the world's largest producers of nuclear energy per capita. Until the 1970s, there was little political disagreement about nuclear reactors. This changed drastically and after the Three-Mile-Island incident, a referendum concerning nuclear energy was held. The results were and remain difficult to interpret. Nevertheless, certain political decisions were made based on these results leading to legislation prohibiting the Government from licensing new reactors, and even criminalizing preparations for new reactors in Sweden. The struggle then turned to when and how Sweden's nuclear reactors should be phased-out. A law regarding this issue was implemented in 1997 which resulted in the first shutdown of a commercial reactor, Barsebaeck 1, in 1999. It has been argued that this case, RAa 1999 ref. 76, regarding the legality of the shutdown might be the most controversial and comprehensive of the century in Sweden.

  3. The effects of first-year shoot cut back on willow biomass production during the first and second cutting cycle; Effekter av skottnedklippning efter etableringsaaret paa produktionen under foersta och andra omdrevet i salixodlingar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verwijst, Theo; Nordh, Nils-Erik

    2010-05-15

    During the early phase of commercialisation of willow short rotation forestry in Sweden it was considered to be important to cut down the shoots after the establishment year, and this practice still is maintained today. Several reasons then were put forward for cutting down. The primary goal was to stimulate sprouting of more shoots, thereby obtaining a rapidly closing stand which could compete with weeds. Another reason was that it would enable weed control during the second year. In some of the older clones, which exhibited bow-shaped shoots, cutting down was supposed to lead to more straight growing shoots which rendered less biomass loss at harvest. In the meantime, the practice of cutting down has been abandoned in Denmark, and there are reasons to scrutinise the effects of cutting down on available biomass production figures from Swedish field trials. The main goal with this project was to try to quantify the effects of cutting down on the biomass productivity of willow during the first and later cutting cycles. Thus far, efforts in this research topic have not led to a scientifically documented quantification on the effects, and therefore a scientific basis for hands-on recommendations to willow growers is lacking. The purpose of our work consequently was to generate practical recommendations with regard to the management measure of cutting down, and the audience targeted consisted of willow growers (farmers, land-owners and entrepreneurs) who are deciding about and perform the actual management of willow stands to obtain higher yields. This information also is of large relevance for all extension workers in willow growing. Data have been collected from a field trial which was planted in Flosta, Enkoeping, in 2005. As this was the only experiment on cutting down which ran during the project period, we searched the archives which contained material from another experiment which ran from 1992 to 1996 in Ultuna, Uppsala, and from which some date were collected as late as in 2000. Furthermore, the archives contained data from an experiment at the Brunnby experimental farm in Vaesteraas, which ran from 1991 to 1994. Very few papers on cutting down as a management measure were found in peer-reviewed articles, while foreign manuals for willow growers usually referred to the recommendations as described in the Swedish manuals. Results from the three field trials in Sweden, which were established with the aim to quantify the effects of cutting down of willow shoots after one year on subsequent biomass production, show that no positive effects of cutting down on yield have occurred at all. In contrary, the results altogether show that cutting down has an adverse effect on subsequent biomass production in willow during the first cutting cycle, and that cutting down also may cause a lower productivity during later cutting cycles. We conclude that cutting down, apart from being a costly management measure, leads to production losses in willow cultivation. We recommend that cutting down should not be used as a routine measure after the establishment season. This recommendation contradicts the current recommendation which currently is advocated in Sweden. By means of extension work, current practice should be changed to obtain higher biomass yields and better profit in willow short rotation forests

  4. Comments on the final report of the critical analysis of the Andra's program on researches performed in the Bure underground laboratory and the transposition zone to define a ZIRA, prepared by the IEER for the CLIS (March-April 2011)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-07-01

    This report is an answer to the conclusions and recommendations of a report made by the IEER about researches performed in the field of deep geological storage of nuclear wastes. It also proposes an analysis of the whole content of this report. The IEER report addressed seismic data and seismic characterization of the transposition area, the characteristics and properties of host geological formations, rock mechanics, thermal aspects, and the comparison with other underground research programs aimed at the selection of a ZIRA (area of interest for deeper research for a future storage)

  5. Results from a full scale application of ashes and other residuals in the final cover construction of the Tveta landfill; Utvaerdering av fullskaleanvaendning av askor och andra restprodukter vid sluttaeckning av Tveta Aatervinningsanlaeggning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tham, Gustav (Telge AB, Soedertaelje (Sweden)); Andreas, Lale (Luleaa Univ. of Technology, Luleaa (Sweden))

    2008-06-15

    In 2000 Telge Aatervinning - a waste management and recycling company - started investigating ashes from incineration of industrial and biowaste waste. The company was given a permit from the Swedish Environmental Court to cover four hectares of the house hold waste landfill area. In 2006 the company received an unlimited permit to cover the remaining part of the landfill when the works end some thirty years later. Ashes were used the first time in 1966 for testing. Literature studies indicated the ashes can have a low hydraulic conductivity under certain conditions. In 1999 collaboration started with the Division of Waste Science and Technology at Luleaa University of Technology. Residuals from household and industrial waste were subject to investigation. Initially, biowaste incineration products were subject to testing and were later extended to other waste products, e.g. sludge, contaminated soils, foundry, and compost material. Several different sub-fractions of ashes were included in the investigation e.g. bottom and fly ash, various slag products after up-grading including dewatering, separation and sifting. Subsequently, a complete covering system of a landfill consists of residuals. Six test areas were outlined in order to give a good representation for cover construction in flat and steep areas with different compositions of liner material. The results show that in all areas the hydraulic conductivity construction yields less then 50 liters per square meters and years and can be less the than 5 liters in a repository for hazardous waste if required. In accordance with literature data the field observations show the liner material constructed only by ash material under certain conditions can form a monolithic structure due to very slow processes thus indicating small pore volumes that unable water air to interact with other media. The concept of using ash can be related to natural analogues of volcanic ashes and has been used in old defence walls and other buildings thousand years back. The last part of the report brings a number of topics for future research and a discussion about problems to with the authorities to use residuals for covering landfills

  6. Decree No. 92-1391 of 30 December 1992 on the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    This Decree concerns the arrangement of the National Radioactive Waste Management's (ANDRA) administrative organization. It provides for the resources, type of management and supervision of the new public establishment, as well as for the transfer of assets, rights and obligations which tally with the tasks assigned to ANDRA. The Decree also prescribes that ANDRA must, each year, submit to its Ministerial supervisory authorities a report reviewing its work. (NEA)

  7. Corrosion of radioactive waste containers, case of a container made of low allow steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bataillon, C.; Musy, C.; Roy, M.

    2001-01-01

    The following topics were dealt with: radioactive waste concept ANDRA, low alloy steel (XC38) container corrosion under representative storage conditions, corrosion rate and passivation effects, micrographic investigations

  8. Näitused / Katrin Kurik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurik, Katrin

    1998-01-01

    Linnagalerii Tallinnas: Anna Pauli tekstiilid ja Andras Huberi skulptuurid (Ungari); Kullo lastegalerii: Heli Männi ja Tondiraba keskkooli kunstiklasside õpilaste "Veneetsia maskid"; Tammsaare majamuuseum: Kersti Karu keraamika

  9. Activity report 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This annual report deals with the activities, the program management and the financial aspects of the ANDRA (National Agency for the radioactive wastes management) during 2002. After a presentation of the activities during the year 2002, it provides the financial accounting, data on company cash, the ANDRA missions and publications. (A.L.B.)

  10. Impact of Prehospital Medical Evacuation (MEDEVAC) Transport Time on Combat Mortality in Patients with Non-Compressible Torso Injury and Traumatic Amputations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-12-28

    Email:shelia.c.savcll .ctr@’mail .mil Crystal Perez Email : crystal .a.perez9.ctrtif mail.mil Alej andra G. Mora E-mail : alej andra.g.mora.ctr@mail...performed the data analysis. CP, JL, and AM performed quality assurance review. All authors were involved in data interpretation, writing , and critical

  11. The management of radioactive wastes from small producers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    Medicine, research and industry generate various type of radioactive wastes which have to be managed by the ANDRA, the French agency for the management of radioactive wastes. This educative booklet explains the missions of the ANDRA with respect to these small producers: collection, selection, conditioning, control and storage of wastes. (J.S.)

  12. The management of radioactive wastes from small producers; La gestion des dechets radioactifs des petits producteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    Medicine, research and industry generate various type of radioactive wastes which have to be managed by the ANDRA, the French agency for the management of radioactive wastes. This educative booklet explains the missions of the ANDRA with respect to these small producers: collection, selection, conditioning, control and storage of wastes. (J.S.)

  13. En målsättning för de Andra: Förskolepedagogers tal om barn och föräldrar under planering och utvärdering på en förskola med en kulturellt blandad barngrupp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Lunneblad

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article displays how a multicultural way of working in early childhood education is articulated during planning and evaluation. The results shows that it is articulated as an objective or goal for the Other. The objectives for a multicultural way of working fall outside of the regular activities. In these discussions, the immigrant parents are articulated in ambivalent positions, linked to a specific interests and responsibilities. At the same time as the pedagogues are making clear that parents must not feel that this is a demand or a coercion. It is possible to draw parallels with how integration policies are realized in practice, where multiculturalism has become associated with non-integrated pupils and their parents, and where the responsibility for lack of integration is often placed within these groups.

  14. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Tutvustus: Baturin, Nikolai. Kentaur. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2003 ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Isale. Tallinn : Varrak, 2003 ; Jaks, Ilmar. Pimedus. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003 ; Ivask, Ivar. Tähtede tähendust tunda. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003 ; Vint, Toomas. Minu abielu prostituudiga. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2003 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Luigeluulinn. Tallinn : Huma, 2004 ; Kivisildnik. Päike, mida sa õhtul teed? Tallinn : Perioodika, 2003 ; Kivisildnik. Rahvuseepos Kalevipoeg ehk armastus. Tallinn : Tuum, 2003 ; Veidemann, Rein. Lastekodu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2003 ; Park, Eeva. Lõks lõpmatuses. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003 ; Traat, Mats. Islandi suvi. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003 ; Kauksi Ülle. Uibu. Tartu : Kauksi Ülle Mänedsment, 2003 ; Kross, Jaan. Kallid kaasteelised. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2003 ; Undusk, Jaan. Quevedo. Tallinn : Perioodika, 2003

  15. Eesti teelahkmel / Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Jaan, 1941-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 12, lüh.; Molodjozh Estonii, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 3, kommentaaridega; Virumaa Teataja, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 7; Meie Maa, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 7; Nädaline, 5. veebr. 2004, lk. 5 (autoriteks ka Jaan Kross ja Rein Veidemann); Äripäev, 6. veebr. 2004, lk. 29; Infopress, 6. veebr., nr. 6, 2004, lk. 34; Lääne-Harju Ekspress, 7. veebr. 2004, lk. 6; Videvik, 12. veebr. 2004, lk. 3; Maaleht, 12. veebr. 2004, lk. 8. Autori pöördumine avalikkuse poole, ajendatuna tõsisest murest Eesti riigi ja ühiskonna pärast

  16. 52 üllatust ja ideed: linnahalli kõrval avatakse välibassein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinn 2011 ootussarja "52 üllatust ja ideed" raames kuni 27. augustini avatud Andra Aaloe, Aet Aderi, Flo Kasearu ja Grete Soosalu installatsioonist "Bassein", mis väljendab autorite soovi, et aktiivne linn ulatuks mereni

  17. Management and financial report 2010: managing today to prepare to-morrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This document presents the financial statements of the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) for the year 2010: final accounts, cash flows, financing table. It also contains the auditor's report on the annual accounts

  18. Kevad Veneetsias / Peeter Pere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pere, Peeter, 1957-

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuuriga haakuvatest töödest 55. Venezia biennaalil. Walter de Maria (USA), Robert Goberi (USA), Andra Ursuta (Rumeenia), Jasper Justi (Taani), Lara Almarcequi (Hispaania) ja Dénes Farkase (Eesti) töödest

  19. Hospital waste management and other small producers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herbst, H.; Roy, J.C.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes waste management in hospitals and other waste producers. Low-level radioactive wastes are collected by ANDRA (French Agency for radioactive waste management) and informations on waste processing or regulations on radiation sources are given

  20. Paranoiline ellujääja / Vello Rääk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rääk, Vello

    2004-01-01

    Ungari emigrandist USA juhtimisguruks tõusnud Andras Grofi alias Andrew S. Grove'i elust ja karjäärist, juhtimispõhimõtteist ning olulisematest saavutustest maailma suurima mikroprotsessorite tootja Intel eesotsas. Vt. samas: Intelis tormilised ajad

  1. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Andras Schiff "Goldberg Variations", Yes "Remixes", "Chill: Brasil 2", "The Fighting Temptations soundtrack", Wheatus "Hand Over Your Loved Ones", Peaches "Fatherfucker", Chemical Brothers "Singles 93-03"

  2. Order of 2 March 1984 amending Order of 7 November 1979 on the setting up, within the Atomic Energy Commission, of a National Radioactive Waste Management Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-01-01

    This Order amends the Order of 7th November 1979 concerning the setting up, within the CEA, of a National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA). In connection with implementing waste storage operations, ANDRA's role remains unchanged; however, it seemed desirable to further strengthen research, development and assessment in the area of radioactive waste policy. These tasks are included in the CEA's responsibilities and are financed by its research budget. (NEA) [fr

  3. Installation complete / Aet Ader, Kadri Klementi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ader, Aet

    2015-01-01

    Linnainstallatsioonidest avalikus ruumis. "Gas Pipe" Venezia Arhitektuuribiennaalil (Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Neeme Külm, Ingrid Ruudi, 2008). "Artificial Queue" (Andra Aaloe, Aet Ader, Flo Kasearu, Grete Soosalu, 2010). "To the Sea" (autorid Tomomi Hayashi, Mihkel Sagar, 2011). "Chimney" (tundmatu autor, 2011). "Straw Theatre" (Salto Arhitektid, 2011). "A Path in the Forest" (Tetsuo Kondo, Mitsuru Maekita, Mutsuro Sasaki, Yoshiyuki Hiraiwa, 2011). "O" (Aet Ader, Andra Aaloe, Kaarel Künnap, Grete Soosalu, Flo Kasearu, 2011)

  4. Acceptance and tracking of waste packages from nuclear power plants at the Centre de l'Aube

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Errera, J.; Tison, J.L.

    2001-01-01

    For 30 years, the French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (ANDRA) is in charge of the radioactive waste management and acquired a good knowledge relating to the control of low and intermediate level waste produced by nuclear power plants (NPP), the waste characteristics and the waste conditioning. The integrated waste management system for low-level radioactive waste in France implemented by ANDRA covers all stages from waste generation to final disposal at the Centre de I'Aube near surface facility. ANDRA defined a quality assurance program for waste management that specifies the level of quality to be achieved by solidification and packaging processes, defines quality control requirements and defines waste tracking requirements, from waste generation through final disposal. Verification of quality of waste packages is implemented at three levels of the waste management system. The first one consists of inspections of waste packages at the generator's premises and audits of the quality assurance organization of the waste generator. The second level of verification consists of the waste tracking system. It allows identifying and tracking each waste package from the step it is fabricated to its final disposal at the ANDRA site. The third level of verification is obtained by mean of non-destructive and destructive assays of waste packages. These assays allow to verify generator compliance with ANDRA's technical specifications and to investigate the accuracy of physical and radioactive characteristics reported to ANDRA by the generator. (author)

  5. Creating and managing radioactive waste disposal facilities with the involvement of the local populations - 59286

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farin, Sebastien

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Andra is responsible for proposing and implementing industrial management solutions for all French radioactive waste. Andra is in particular in charge of operating the two repositories in the Aube region, monitoring the Manche repository one of the world's first surface repositories and creating disposal facilities for waste currently without an operational disposal solution. Andra's communication approach. Andra's communication role is stipulated by law and is an integral part of its activities, in the same way as research, industry or risk management. Andra's aim is to make the subject of radioactive waste management one that is of nationwide interest comprehensible to the largest possible number, so that each citizen and stakeholder can, in full possession of the facts, make his or her own opinion and finally reach an informed decision. Andra's communication policy is based on four main levers: - Information, through a full range of tools (web sites, publications, periodicals) adapted to the level of expertise and understanding of its various target audiences; - Explanation, by means of opportunities throughout the year for those interested in the subject (site visits, fairs, meetings with schools, travelling exhibitions, etc.); - Local integration, through regular relations with local players

  6. Non-Destructive Testing for Control of Radioactive Waste Package

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumeri, S.; Carrel, F.

    2015-10-01

    Characterization and control of radioactive waste packages are important issues in the management of a radioactive waste repository. Therefore, Andra performs quality control inspection on radwaste package before disposal to ensure the compliance of the radwast characteristics with Andra waste disposal specifications and to check the consistency between Andra measurements results and producer declared properties. Objectives of this quality control are: assessment and improvement of producer radwaste packages quality mastery, guarantee of the radwaste disposal safety, maintain of the public confidence. To control radiological characteristics of radwaste package, non-destructive passive methods (gamma spectrometry and neutrons counting) are commonly used. These passive methods may not be sufficient, for instance to control the mass of fissile material contained inside radwaste package. This is particularly true for large concrete hull of heterogeneous radwaste containing several actinides mixed with fission products like 137Cs. Non-destructive active methods, like measurement of photofission delayed neutrons, allow to quantify the global mass of actinides and is a promising method to quantify mass of fissile material. Andra has performed different non-destructive measurements on concrete intermediate-level short lived nuclear waste (ILW-SL) package to control its nuclear material content. These tests have allowed Andra to have a first evaluation of the performance of photofission delayed neutron measurement and to identify development needed to have a reliable method, especially for fissile material mass control in intermediate-level long lived waste package.

  7. An approach of sensitivity and uncertainty analyses methods installation in a safety calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pepin, G.; Sallaberry, C.

    2003-01-01

    Simulation of the migration in deep geological formations leads to solve convection-diffusion equations in porous media, associated with the computation of hydrogeologic flow. Different time-scales (simulation during 1 million years), scales of space, contrasts of properties in the calculation domain, are taken into account. This document deals more particularly with uncertainties on the input data of the model. These uncertainties are taken into account in total analysis with the use of uncertainty and sensitivity analysis. ANDRA (French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) carries out studies on the treatment of input data uncertainties and their propagation in the models of safety, in order to be able to quantify the influence of input data uncertainties of the models on the various indicators of safety selected. The step taken by ANDRA consists initially of 2 studies undertaken in parallel: - the first consists of an international review of the choices retained by ANDRA foreign counterparts to carry out their uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, - the second relates to a review of the various methods being able to be used in sensitivity and uncertainty analysis in the context of ANDRA's safety calculations. Then, these studies are supplemented by a comparison of the principal methods on a test case which gathers all the specific constraints (physical, numerical and data-processing) of the problem studied by ANDRA

  8. The laboratories of geological studies; Les laboratoires d`etudes geologiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-01-01

    This educational document comprises 4 booklets in a folder devoted to the presentation of the ANDRA`s activities in geological research laboratories. The first booklet gives a presentation of the missions of the ANDRA (the French agency for the management of radioactive wastes) in the management of long life radioactive wastes. The second booklet describes the approach of waste disposal facilities implantation. The third booklet gives a brief presentation of the scientific program concerning the underground geologic laboratories. The last booklet is a compilation of questions and answers about long-life radioactive wastes, the research and works carried out in geologic laboratories, the public information and the local socio-economic impact, and the storage of radioactive wastes in deep geological formations. (J.S.)

  9. Status and prospects of radioactive waste management in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonnot, F.M.

    2012-01-01

    The chairman of ANDRA (French agency for the management of radioactive waste) presents the activities of the agency in the framework of the 2006 Planning Act that took in principle the decision to dispose of the high-level and the long-lived radioactive waste in a geological repository (Cigeo project). One of the important aspects of the Cigeo project is the requirement by law, to study the reversibility and therefore to demonstrate the capability to retrieve already disposed waste packages. In March 2010 the Government accepted the 30 km 2 area proposed by ANDRA for the location of the future repository. At present, ANDRA teams are fully busy on 2 fronts: first in preparing the license application for Cigeo to be submitted in 2015, and secondly in preparing the industrial phase of the Cigeo project. Low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste are disposed of in surface facilities. (A.C.)

  10. Initial status of the environment. Environmental marks of the Meuse-Haute Marne underground research laboratory; L'etat initial de l'environnement. Reperes environnementaux du Laboratoire de Recherche souterrain de Meuse/Haute-Marne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    On August 3, 1999, the French government gave the permission to the national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) to build up a research laboratory devoted to the feasibility study of a facility for the reversible disposal of high level and long living radioactive wastes in deep geologic beds. The site retained is located at Bure, at the boundary of the Meuse and Haute-Marne departements. Before starting the construction of this research facility, the ANDRA has carried out a careful survey of the initial environmental status of the site which will serve as a reference. This brochure presents the results of this survey: geo-morphology, agriculture, natural ecosystems, radioecology, sound levels, air quality, surface and groundwater quality. The ANDRA has implemented an environmental monitoring plan for each phase of the development of the project. (J.S.)

  11. Containers and overpacks for high-level radioactive waste in deep geological disposal. Conditions: French Corrosion Programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crusset, D.; Plas, F.; Santarini, G.

    2003-01-01

    Within the framework of the act of French law dated 31 December, 1991, ANDRA (National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) is responsible for conducting the feasibility study on disposal of reversible and irreversible high-level or long-life radioactive waste in deep geological formations. Consequently, ANDRA is carrying out research on corrosion of the metallic materials envisaged for the possible construction of overpacks for vitrified waste packages or containers for spent nuclear fuel. Low-alloy or unalloyed steels and the passive alloys (Fe-Ni-Cr-Mo) constitute the two families of materials studied and ANDRA has set up a research programme in partnership with other research organisations. The 'broad outlines' of the programme, which includes experimental and modelling operations, are presented. (authors)

  12. Modelling sequential Biosphere systems under Climate change for radioactive waste disposal. Project BIOCLIM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Texier, D.; Degnan, P.; Loutre, M.F.; Lemaitre, G.; Paillard, D.; Thorne, M.

    2000-01-01

    The BIOCLIM project (Modelling Sequential Biosphere systems under Climate change for Radioactive Waste Disposal) is part of the EURATOM fifth European framework programme. The project was launched in October 2000 for a three-year period. It is coordinated by ANDRA, the French national radioactive waste management agency. The project brings together a number of European radioactive waste management organisations that have national responsibilities for the safe disposal of radioactive wastes, and several highly experienced climate research teams. Waste management organisations involved are: NIREX (UK), GRS (Germany), ENRESA (Spain), NRI (Czech Republic) and ANDRA (France). Climate research teams involved are: LSCE (CEA/CNRS, France), CIEMAT (Spain), UPMETSIMM (Spain), UCL/ASTR (Belgium) and CRU (UEA, UK). The Environmental Agency for England and Wales provides a regulatory perspective. The consulting company Enviros Consulting (UK) assists ANDRA by contributing to both the administrative and scientific aspects of the project. This paper describes the project and progress to date. (authors)

  13. Long term industrial management of radioactive wastes in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lavie, J.

    1981-01-01

    All human activities including energy generation entail the wastes. This definitely applies also to nuclear power generation. Currently the nuclear power program is very extensive, and the plans of fuel reprocessing proceed along this line. In consequence, the Government has decided on tackling the problem of industrial radioactive waste management in earnest. For the purpose, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) was created in November, 1979, within the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). Its main functions are the design, siting and construction of waste disposal centers and their management, the establishment of waste treatment and disposal standards, and the research and development. The following matters are described: the need for comprehensive industrial approach, the concept of industrial management, ANDRA business program, the industrial policy on waste disposal, and ANDRA financing. (J.P.N.)

  14. The waste disposal facility in the Aube District

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres, Patrice

    2013-06-01

    The waste disposal facility in the Aube district is the second surface waste disposal facility built in France. It is located in the Aube district, and has been operated by Andra since 1992. With a footprint of 95 hectares, it is licensed for the disposal of 1 million cubic meters of low- and intermediate-level, short-lived waste packages. The CSA is located a few kilometers away another Andra facility, currently in operation for very-low-level waste, and collection and storage of non-nuclear power waste (the Cires). Contents: Andra in the Aube district, an exemplary industrial operator - The waste disposal facility in the Aube district (CSA); Low- and intermediate-level, short-lived radioactive waste (LILW-SL); The LILW-SL circuit; Protecting present and future generations

  15. The industrial facility for Grouping, Storage and Disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres, Patrice

    2013-07-01

    The industrial facility for grouping, storage and disposal (called Cires in French), in the Aube district, is run by Andra. The facility is licensed to dispose of very-low-level waste, to collect non-nuclear-power radioactive waste and to provide storage for some of the waste for which a final management solution has not yet been found. The Cires facility is located a few kilometers from the Aube disposal facility (CSA), another of Andra's waste disposal facilities, currently dealing with low- and intermediate-level, short-lived waste. Contents: Andra in the Aube district, an exemplary industrial operator - The industrial facility for grouping, storage and disposal (Cires); Disposal of very-low-level waste (VLLW); The journey taken by VLL waste; Grouping of non-nuclear-power waste; Storage of non-nuclear-power waste; The journey taken by non-nuclear-power waste; Protecting present and future generations

  16. 2005 dossier: clay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in argilite formations. Content: 1 - Evaluation of the feasibility of a geologic disposal facility for high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes: framework of ANDRA's researches; 2 - design approach for a safe and reversible facility; 3 - containers; 4 - geologic characteristics of the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - disposal facilities; 6 - reversible exploitation of the disposal facility; 7 - compromise between long-term disposal safety and environment protection; 8 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  17. Reversible deep disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-10-01

    This presentation, given by the national agency of radioactive waste management (ANDRA) at the meeting of October 8, 2009 of the high committee for the nuclear safety transparency and information (HCTISN), describes the concept of deep reversible disposal for high level/long living radioactive wastes, as considered by the ANDRA in the framework of the program law of June 28, 2006 about the sustainable management of radioactive materials and wastes. The document presents the social and political reasons of reversibility, the technical means considered (containers, disposal cavities, monitoring system, test facilities and industrial prototypes), the decisional process (progressive development and blocked off of the facility, public information and debate). (J.S.)

  18. Rôles de la température et de la composition sur le couplage thermo-hydro-mécanique des bétons

    OpenAIRE

    Brue , Flore

    2009-01-01

    The French project of the storage of nuclear wastes, which is managed by the Andra, needs some experimental data on the durability of the concrete. Loadings which are taken into account are the desaturation/resaturation processes, the heat load and the mechanical evolution. Hence this study focuses on the coupling thermo-hydro-mechanical on concretes of the research program of Andra, made with CEM I and CEM V/A cement type. The water saturation degree and shrinkages of materials, which are su...

  19. How to deal with communication on a sensitive project? Local principles and national thoughts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Busuttil, T. [Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs-ANDRA, 92 - Chatenay Malabry (France)

    2001-07-01

    Investigate a site to set up a research laboratory or a radioactive waste disposal has always been a difficult mission. The aim of this presentation is first to present the main communication principles that Andra applied between 1994 and 1998 on the three sites geologically 'good for studies' and politically candidate for the setting up of an underground research laboratory. Beyond this local dimension, we will expose the evolution of Andra's national communication especially after the failure of the granite mission during last spring. (author)

  20. Industrial long-term waste management in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marque, Y.

    1988-01-01

    Long-term industrial management of radioactive waste in France is carried out by the Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs (ANDRA). ANDRA is in charge of design, siting, construction and operation of disposal centers. The French national program of waste management is running on with the construction of a second near-surface disposal which is expected to be in operation in 1991 and a selection of a site for the construction of an underground laboratory for the qualification of this site for deep disposal

  1. Radioactive waste industrial management in France for medium- and long-term

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lavie, J.-M.

    1981-01-01

    The context within which the industrial scale management of radioactive wastes takes place is briefly outlined. The regulations already in force or envisaged in France in this field are exposed. Emphasis is given to the activities of the National Agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA). The reasons why this organization was created are discussed together with the type of work conferred to it, its present workload, the industrial management concepts it applies, its present and future potential, the costs envisaged for waste disposal and the financial solutions adopted. The industrial technical assistance policy of ANDRA is presented [fr

  2. Safety of direct disposal of spent fuel and of disposal of reprocessing waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besnus, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2006-07-01

    In 2005, the French Agency for Radioactive waste management (ANDRA) established a report on the feasibility of the geological disposal of high level and intermediate level long lived radioactive waste, in a clay formation. The hypothesis of spent fuel direct disposal was also considered. By the end of 2005, IRSN performed a complete technical review of ANDRA's report, aiming at highlighting the salient safety issues that were to be addressed within a process that may possibly lead to the creation of a disposal facility for these wastes. The following publication presents the main conclusions of this technical review. (author)

  3. The Centre de l'Aube repository. The Public Information Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernique, J.C.

    1993-01-01

    The Centre de l'Aube repository, second French final disposal site for low activity short lived wastes, started operating in january 1992. Since the beginning of the Project public reception and information were among ANDRA's main concern. Open to public one year before disposal operations, the Public Information Center received many visitors coming as well from the regional as from national and international origin. The two years experience will be presented as well as the modifications of the information center taking into account ANDRA's evolution. (author)

  4. Safety of direct disposal of spent fuel and of disposal of reprocessing waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Besnus, F.

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, the French Agency for Radioactive waste management (ANDRA) established a report on the feasibility of the geological disposal of high level and intermediate level long lived radioactive waste, in a clay formation. The hypothesis of spent fuel direct disposal was also considered. By the end of 2005, IRSN performed a complete technical review of ANDRA's report, aiming at highlighting the salient safety issues that were to be addressed within a process that may possibly lead to the creation of a disposal facility for these wastes. The following publication presents the main conclusions of this technical review. (author)

  5. Literary awards 2003 / Piret Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Piret, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia - Vello Salo (elutööpreemia) ; Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Toomas Liiv ("Luuletused 1968-2002") ; Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastapreemiad: proosa - Nikolai Baturin ("Kentaur"), luule - Asko Künnap ("Ja sisalikud vastasid (kolmes kirjas)"), esseistika - Toomas Raudam ("Teie"), näitekirjandus - Mati Unt ("Vend Antigone, ema Oidipus", "Stiil, ehk, Mis on maailma nimi", "Kärbeste saar"), lastekirjandus - Katrin Reimus ("Haldjatants"), tõlge eesti keelde - Jaak Rähesoo (J. Joyce'i "Kunstniku noorpõlve portree" ja "Pagulaste" tõlked), tõlge eesti keelest - Eric Dickens (J. Krossi "Paigallennu" tõlge), artiklipreemia - Arne Merilai (järelsõna antoloogiale "Eesti ballaad"), venekeelsete autorite kirjandusauhind - Marina Tervonen (luulekogu "Ületamine") ; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind - Erkki Luuk ("Ornitoloogi pealehakkamine") ; F. Tuglase novelliauhind - Lauri Pilter ("Teisik"), Ilmar Jaks (novell "Armer Adolf" ja novellikogu "Pimedus") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. kirjanduspreemia - Rein Veidemann ("Lastekodu") ; E. Vilde nim. kirjandusauhind - Eeva Park ("Lõks lõpmatuses") ; Nukitsa auhind - Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits ("Lepatriinude jõulud") ; K. E. Söödi nim. lasteluulepreemia - Jaanus Vaiksoo (luulekogu "Kellassepaproua") ; Eesti Raudtee ja Sirbi kirjandusauhind - Andres Vanapa ("Päti vile") ja Kristiina Ehin ("Simunapäev")

  6. Suur rahvusvaheline välisbalti arhiivide konverents südasuvises Tartus / Mai Raud-Pähn ; fotod Madis Laas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud-Pähn, Mai, 1920-

    2006-01-01

    Ettekannetega esinesid: Tiiu Kravtsev, Riina Reinvelt, Juta Kivimäe, Piret Noorhani, Merike Kiipus, Anu Korb, Anne Valmas, Mihkel Volt, Mare Rand, Inga Kuljus, Enn Mainla, Roland Weiler, Teas Tanner, Tiina Kirss, Jüri Kivimäe, Enda-Mai Michelson-Holland, Andrae, Carl Göran, Katrin Meerits ja Maie Barrow

  7. Radioactive waste management the new French way: An approach to the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allegre, M.

    1994-01-01

    France has a consistent nuclear energy policy. France must have a consistent nuclear waste policy, too. Andra, since last year a wholly-owned company of the state, is now resuming field work in for Departments (France is divided into 95 territorial administrative departments), all of which have unanimously voted in favor of hosting one of the two underground laboratories that Andra plans to create. This was a real success for Christian Bataille - the French mediator appointed by the government - who selected those four areas. In early January 1994, the French government gave Andra the green light, thus putting an end to the 1990 moratorium. Andra is starting a fifteen year, phased program established by the 1991 Waste Act. After the year 2006, a decision can be made on whether to convert one of the two laboratories into a real waste repository, subject to positive laboratory testing results. Stating that he is a newcomer to the club, the author also emphasizes some truths that should be spoken: showing for instance that men in charge of radioactive waste management must still improve their method of explaining the type of waste involved to the public

  8. Eesti foto näitus panustab pealetulijaile / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti kaasaegse foto konkursinäitus "Eesti Foto 2004" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. Grand Prix saanud Ove Maidla, I - III preemia laureaaatide Kristo Rihma, Anu Vahtra ja Märten Krossi töödest. Eripreemiate saajad on Andras Kralla, Eveli Varik ja Malev Toom

  9. Annual report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management (ANDRA), is public company, with an industrial and commercial status. This document presents the activities of the year 2007. It details the organization, the personnel, the world cooperation, the research programs, the safety, the public information and relation, the financial situation and the different sites. (A.L.B.)

  10. Press book presentation progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-07-01

    This document presents four french sites of the ANDRA concerning the radioactive waste disposal. The concerned site are the underground research laboratory of Meuse/Haute-Marne, the Aube Center, the TFA Center and the Manche Center. For each sites, data and information on the geophysics, the capacity, the management or the research programs are analysed. (A.L.B.)

  11. Tartu kalendritootja investeeris uude tehasesse 100 miljonit / Kadrin Karner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 24. sept. lk. 5. Tartus avatud Ajasto Diary Groupi kalendritehasesse investeeriti üle 100 miljoni krooni, mille tasuvuspiiriks loeb ettevõte umbes kümme aastat. Vt. samas: Mis on mis: Ajasto Diary Group; Kommenteerivad: Mait Puusepp, Andras Metsa, Kadrin Karner

  12. LIFT 11 kutsub kogemist väärt kohtadesse / Silvia Pärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärmann, Silvia

    2011-01-01

    Installatsioonide festivalist LIFT 11 Tallinnas, kuraator Margit Aule. Margus Tamme ja Argo Peeveri installatsioonist "Face It", Raul Kalvo skulptuurist "Uurijad", Raul Kelleri installatsioonist "Tütarlaps kloaagis", Aet Aderi, Kaarel Künnapi, Grete Soosalu, Flo Kasearu, Andra Aaloe kunstiprojektist "O"

  13. Home market is too small for Laima / Uva Seglina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seglina, Uva

    2004-01-01

    Läti magusatootja Laima turundusjuht ettevõtte tegevusest, eesmärkidest Baltimaade turul, turundusstrateegiast ning olulisematest turundusalastest saavutustest, Laima brändi tugevatest ja nõrkadest. Kommenteerivad Andra Treibaha, Eriks Stenzenieks, Jane Ounaste ja Edgars Skulte

  14. Kak zhurnalistõ vidjat Estoniju / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    2005. aasta parimate pressifotode näitusest Vaal-galeriis Tallinnas. Parima uudisfoto autor on üleriiklikus kategoorias Andras Kralla ja parima olemusfoto autor Raul Mee. Maakonnalehtede parimad on vastavalt Margus Ansu ja Sille Annuk. Kujundusauhinnad said suures kategoorias SL Õhtuleht ja väikeses kategoorias Järva Teataja

  15. Annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management (ANDRA), is public company, with an industrial and commercial status. This document presents the activities of the year 2005. It details the organization, the personnel, the industrial research and information missions and the different sites. (A.L.B.)

  16. Keeping and transmission of the memory. The memory duty for the human and the environment service; Conservation et transmission de la memoire. Le devoir de memoire au service de l'homme et de l'environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-05-01

    Applied to the long-dated survey mission devoted to the ANDRA, the memory duty is a regulation necessity. They must realize the conservation and the transmission of the long-dated memory of stored radioactive wastes and their behavior in the future. A presentation of the interveners and their point of view during the conference are presented. (A.L.B.)

  17. Effects of Variety and Fungicidal Rate on Cercospora Leaf Spots ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Singh, V.R., Pandes, A.K., Reddy, P.M. and. Pao P.V. (1995). Resistance to Rust and Late leaf Spot of Groundnut. ICRISAT. Information Bulletin. No.47, Patancheru,. 502, 324, Andra Pradesh, India. P.24. Thapar, S., Bhusham, R. and Mathur, R.P.. (1995). Degradation of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides in soils- ...

  18. Keeping and transmission of the memory. The memory duty for the human and the environment service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-05-01

    Applied to the long-dated survey mission devoted to the ANDRA, the memory duty is a regulation necessity. They must realize the conservation and the transmission of the long-dated memory of stored radioactive wastes and their behavior in the future. A presentation of the interveners and their point of view during the conference are presented. (A.L.B.)

  19. The long-term management of radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faussat, A.

    1988-01-01

    After setting out the terms of reference of ANDRA (National agency for the management of radioactive waste), the author describes the current situation and the projects for the surface storage of waste of low and medium activity. He then discusses the work which has started on the construction of an underground laboratory for studying the storage of long life waste [fr

  20. Kirjanik soovitab / Olavi Ruitlane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruitlane, Olavi, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustus: Volkonski, Peeter. ISBN 978-9985-9980-6-9. Tallinn : Menu Kirjastus, 2009 ; Preussler, Otfried. Krabat / saksa keelest tõlkinud Linda Ariva. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2009 ; Teede, Andra. Atlas : [luuletused]. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2009 ; Wiedemann, Vladimir. Maagide kool. Eesti okultne underground 1970-1980. Tartu : Hotpress, 2008

  1. Disainikaart : Ungari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ungari disaini esindavad Ernö Rubiku kuubik, Ungari vabadussamba autor Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl, disainerid Andras Göczey, Gabor Szilasi, Zoltan Lonovics ja Kormos Balint, orgaanilise arhitektuuri esindaja Imre Makovecz, mootorrattamargi Danuvia looja Biczo Levente, moedisainer Mester D̤ra ning ehtekunstnik Gera Noémi

  2. Different types of radioactive waste repositories, each suited for a given type of radioactive waste - 59293

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voinis, Sylvie; Boissier, Fabrice; Griffault, Lise; Maillard, Jean Louis; Dutzer, Michel

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: The aim of this article is to present how Andra implements a dedicated solution per waste category. It relies on response to a series of questions concerning the appropriate waste disposal system such as: What type of radiological inventory is involved? What are the half-lives of the radionuclides and the associated timescales concerned for achieving the fundamental protection objective? In that respect, Andra has developed and has implemented methods for all disposal facilities in order to reach common objectives: The immediate and long term protections of human beings and the environment constitute the fundamental objectives of all radioactive-waste disposal facilities. In order to achieve those protections, disposal facilities must be safe. Thus, Andra safety encompasses all design, implementation and operational measures for preventing risks of all kind internal, external during operation and after closure in consistency with defense in depth principles taken into account the peculiarity of waste disposal facilities: (i) balancing operational safety and post-closure safety, (ii) management of nuclear risks in underground repository for some of them, (iii) management of scientific understanding and related uncertainties, and (iv) management of long or very long- timescales. The presentation will illustrate Andra's approach that has or will be conducted and will focus on communalities or peculiarities according to the type of waste and related disposal options regarding the following iterative steps: regulatory safety rules, input data, scenarios, safety assessments. (authors)

  3. An Analysis of Total Personality as Advocated by Holistic Theorists and Its Effect upon Healthy Personality. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Willard B.

    This conceptual work is concerned with the development of a holistic theory of personality. The following were selected for their strong orientation in this direction: Gordon Allport, Andras Angyal, Kurt Goldstein, Prescott Lecky, Abraham Maslow, Bardner Murphy, and Carl Rogers. The four themes which emerged from an analysis of their writings are…

  4. Must we be afraid by the radioactive waste?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    In the framework of the information on radioactive waste, scientists and politicians give information on the radioactive waste management in France, the researches in the framework of the law of the 30 december 1991, the national agency for the radioactive waste (ANDRA) and its sites. (A.L.B.)

  5. Original Research Article Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erah

    forum for the communication and evaluation of data, methods and findings in health sciences and related disciplines. ... study population and was commoner in males (5.9%) than in females (0.89%). ..... in the Indian Social Class and Heart Survey. J Hum ... homogenous caste population of Andra Pradesh. Am J Human Biol.

  6. Annual report 2007; Rapport d'activite 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management (ANDRA), is public company, with an industrial and commercial status. This document presents the activities of the year 2007. It details the organization, the personnel, the world cooperation, the research programs, the safety, the public information and relation, the financial situation and the different sites. (A.L.B.)

  7. Annual report 2007 Manche center; Rapport annuel 2007 Centre Manche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management (ANDRA), is public company, with an industrial and commercial status. This document presents the activities of the year 2007 for the Manche center. It details the installations, the safety and radiation protection policy, the main events of the tear, the radioactive wastes management and the public information mission. (A.L.B.)

  8. Archaeological analogs and corrosion; Analogues archeologiques et corrosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, D

    2008-07-01

    In the framework of the high level and long life radioactive wastes disposal deep underground, the ANDRA built a research program on the material corrosion. In particular they aim to design containers for a very long time storage. Laboratory experiments are in progress and can be completed by the analysis of metallic archaeological objects and their corrosion after hundred years. (A.L.B.)

  9. Having your radioactive objects identified and collected

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-12-01

    This brochure explains the risks linked with some ancient radioactive objects of domestic use (like radium products of medical use), how to identify them and to have them collected by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (Andra) for further processing. Some advice are given regarding the identification of the objects, their relative hazardousness and the precautions to take for their handling

  10. Annual report 2007 Aube center; Rapport annuel 2007 Centre Aube

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management (ANDRA), is public company, with an industrial and commercial status. This document presents the activities of the year 2007 for the Aube center. It details the installations, the safety and radiation protection policy, the main events of the tear, the radioactive wastes management and the public information mission. (A.L.B.)

  11. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Grammy 2011 võitjad selgunud. Saksa helilooja Aribert Reimann pälvis Ernst von Siemensi preemia. Andras Schiff ja Adam Fischer mures Ungari pärast. Lahkus sopran Margaret Price. Suri Charles Fambrough. Kevadisi jazzifestivale Euroopas. Üks maailma vanimaid jazziklubisid Bakers's Keyboard Lounge haamri all

  12. Kas läbimurre noorte sponsorluses? / Leonhard Soom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soom, Leonhard

    2008-01-01

    Kergejõustikuklubi Järvala sõlmis viieaastase koostöölepingu firmadega Tikkurila-Vivacolor AS ja Balti-Filtrid OÜ, et toetada Team 2012 liikmete, Türi kergejõustiklaste Grete Shadeiko, Andra Viidikase, Krisly Viidikase ja Kristjan Jääratsi ettevalmistust I noorte olümpiamängudeks 2010. aastal

  13. Present issues for centre de la Manche disposal facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dutzer, M.; Vervialle, J.P.; Charton, P.

    2006-01-01

    Centre de la Manche disposal facility officially entered its institutional control period in January 2003. Andra performs monitoring of the environment and of the capping system in order to prepare further phases that should become more and more passive. A detailed 'long term memory' has been established in order to provide future generations with the relevant information about the facility. (author)

  14. Nuclear power, society and environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1997-01-01

    This article presents a new center of processing of low-level radioactive wastes. These wastes will be treated and packaged, according to their sort, thanks to up-to-date fusion or calcination technologies. The most important advantage is the important reduction of volume ( it can be up to ten times smaller) before the ultimate storage by ANDRA. (N.C.)

  15. The management of nuclear wastes from diffuse nuclear activities. A processing adapted to each situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) works with more than a thousand of clients belonging to hospitals, research centers and industries. These are called 'small producers' because they generate a small quantity of wastes. However, because of the large variety of these wastes, they require suitable and specific processes for their management which are presented in this brochure. (J.S.)

  16. The radioactive wastes management of the little nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    Among the ANDRA customers, more than one million are little producers: hospital, research centers and industries. They are called little producers because of the low volume of produced wastes. Meanwhile these wastes management need an appropriate technology which is presented in this document. (A.L.B.)

  17. Archaeological analogs and corrosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, D.

    2008-01-01

    In the framework of the high level and long life radioactive wastes disposal deep underground, the ANDRA built a research program on the material corrosion. In particular they aim to design containers for a very long time storage. Laboratory experiments are in progress and can be completed by the analysis of metallic archaeological objects and their corrosion after hundred years. (A.L.B.)

  18. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: A. Pärdi "In Principio" on Grammy nominent. Grawemeyeri preemia 2010 võitis York Höller. Glenn Gouldist valmis uus dokumentaalfilm. Värske Bachi-interpretatsioon Andras Schiffilt. Lahkus sopran Elisabeth Söderström

  19. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2008-01-01

    Akadeemik Jarvis väidab, et osade Bachi teoste autoriks on hoopis helilooja naine Anna Magdalena. Pianist Andras Schiff pälvis Wigmore'i medali. Lahkus tenor Gianni Raimondi. Louvre ja tänapäevane muusikaelu. Uus esiviiul Juliardi keelpillikvartetis

  20. The radioactive wastes management of the little nuclear industry; La gestion des dechets radioactifs du nucleaire diffus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Among the ANDRA customers, more than one million are little producers: hospital, research centers and industries. They are called little producers because of the low volume of produced wastes. Meanwhile these wastes management need an appropriate technology which is presented in this document. (A.L.B.)

  1. 16. oktoobril 2005 Kõik valima! : [luuletused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: Inna Feldbach. "Tegin vahtralehdedele põletusmatust..." ; Katrin Väli. Ülesanne: vrais ou faut ; Karl Martin Sinijärv. Monkey Doodle ehk Kommarid? Kahju... ; Andra Teede. Suurte siniste silmade maa ; Tiina Saar. Valijale ; Kohutav keskerakohuke / tundmatu netifolklorist ; Julius Ürt. Etteütlus

  2. Meie oma Aarete saar : [arvustus] / Enn Nõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõu, Enn, 1933-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Mats Burström. Minnesgömmor: berättelser om föremål gömda i jorden i Estland under andra världskriget. Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2012 ; Burström, Mats. Treasured Memories: Tales of Buried Belonings in Wartime Estonia. Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2012

  3. Tegijad meenutavad "52 üllatust ja ideed" / Annika Maior, Ats Parve, Epp Kubu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Kultuuripealinna ootussarjas osalenud räägivad, kuidas idee teostamine kulges. Projektidest "Fantaasiaaed" (Annika Maior), "Camera obscura" (Ats Parve), "Tallinna bussijaam heliseb" (Epp, Kubu, Tõnis Hiiesalu), "Tänavamiimid" (Mihkel Ernits, Kaarel Väli), "Kunstijärjekord" (Flo Kasearu, Aet Ader, Grete Soosalu, Andra Aaloe)

  4. Interview of Yves Le Bars on the Charpin-Dessus-Pellat report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Le Bars, Y.

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents the interview of Yves Le Bars, President of the ANDRA (National Agency for the Radioactive Wastes Management), about the Charpin-Dessus-Pellat report, '' Economic and prospective study of the nuclear electrical power program''. This political and economical analysis concerns the nuclear power industry forecast, the radioactive wastes, reprocessing, management and storage. (A.L.B.)

  5. Territorial integration of the geological repository in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farin, S.; Ouzounian, G.; Miguez, R.; Tison, J.-L.

    2011-01-01

    In France, a framework has been drawn up by the National Assembly and implemented by the government, in order to get the best relationship between Andra, among others, and the stakeholders and the inhabitants of the towns and countries where disposal facilities or projects are or could be established. The main threads of the two Acts passed in 2006, being relevant to the relationship with inhabitants are the information exchange and the local economic development. Dealing with the information exchange and diffusion: The Local Information Committee (CLI), for each nuclear facility, has been reinforced and a specific, Local Information and Oversight Committee (for the Underground Laboratory in Meuse-Haute-Marne) has been renewed. The CLI was in charge of a general assignment to inform and consult on nuclear safety, radioprotection and environmental topics. Now, since 2006, the nuclear facility's CLI and the CLIS are able to order study reports, measures and analyses to experts freely selected. Creation of the High Committee for Transparency and Information on Nuclear Safety (HCTISN). This new authority aims to inform, consult and debate about the risks relevant to nuclear activities and their impacts on people's health, environment and nuclear safety. Andra contributes to the functioning of CLI in disposal facilities at Manche and Aube Departments, and CLIS of the underground Laboratory at Meuse and Haute-Marne departments. This paper will present these contributions and how Andra's action helps to reach the goals of information and exchange with the people around its facilities. Concerning the local economic development, there are specific organizations or schemes, depending on the facility: Local taxes contributions based on the disposal facilities activities as is usual in France. A High Level Committee (CHN) and two public interest groups (GIP) in Meuse and Haute-Marne departments have been set up since 1991 and 2005. Andra is represented in these three

  6. Industrial Program of Waste Management - Cigeo Project - 13033

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butez, Marc [Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs - Andra, 1-7, rue Jean Monnet 92298 Chatenay-Malabry (France); Bartagnon, Olivier; Gagner, Laurent [AREVA NC Tour AREVA 1 place de la Coupole 92084 Paris La Defense (France); Advocat, Thierry; Sacristan, Pablo [Commissariat a l' energie atomique et aux energies alternatives - CEA, CEA-SACLAY 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex (France); Beguin, Stephane [Electricite de France - EDF, Division Combustible Nucleaire, 1, Place Pleyel Site Cap Ampere93282 Saint Denis (France)

    2013-07-01

    The French Planning Act of 28 June 2006 prescribed that a reversible repository in a deep geological formation be chosen as the reference solution for the long-term management of high-level and intermediate-level long-lived radioactive waste. It also entrusted the responsibility of further studies and design of the repository (named Cigeo) upon the French Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), in order for the review of the creation-license application to start in 2015 and, subject to its approval, the commissioning of the repository to take place in 2025. Andra is responsible for siting, designing, implementing, operating the future geological repository, including operational and long term safety and waste acceptance. Nuclear operators (Electricite de France (EDF), AREVA NC, and the French Commission in charge of Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (CEA) are technically and financially responsible for the waste they generate, with no limit in time. They provide Andra, on one hand, with waste packages related input data, and on the other hand with their long term industrial experiences of high and intermediate-level long-lived radwaste management and nuclear operation. Andra, EDF, AREVA and CEA established a cooperation agreement for strengthening their collaborations in these fields. Within this agreement Andra and the nuclear operators have defined an industrial program for waste management. This program includes the waste inventory to be taken into account for the design of the Cigeo project and the structural hypothesis underlying its phased development. It schedules the delivery of the different categories of waste and defines associated flows. (authors)

  7. Industrial Program of Waste Management - Cigeo Project - 13033

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Butez, Marc; Bartagnon, Olivier; Gagner, Laurent; Advocat, Thierry; Sacristan, Pablo; Beguin, Stephane

    2013-01-01

    The French Planning Act of 28 June 2006 prescribed that a reversible repository in a deep geological formation be chosen as the reference solution for the long-term management of high-level and intermediate-level long-lived radioactive waste. It also entrusted the responsibility of further studies and design of the repository (named Cigeo) upon the French Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), in order for the review of the creation-license application to start in 2015 and, subject to its approval, the commissioning of the repository to take place in 2025. Andra is responsible for siting, designing, implementing, operating the future geological repository, including operational and long term safety and waste acceptance. Nuclear operators (Electricite de France (EDF), AREVA NC, and the French Commission in charge of Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (CEA) are technically and financially responsible for the waste they generate, with no limit in time. They provide Andra, on one hand, with waste packages related input data, and on the other hand with their long term industrial experiences of high and intermediate-level long-lived radwaste management and nuclear operation. Andra, EDF, AREVA and CEA established a cooperation agreement for strengthening their collaborations in these fields. Within this agreement Andra and the nuclear operators have defined an industrial program for waste management. This program includes the waste inventory to be taken into account for the design of the Cigeo project and the structural hypothesis underlying its phased development. It schedules the delivery of the different categories of waste and defines associated flows. (authors)

  8. Preserving the memory of waste disposal centres for the future generations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Radioactive waste disposal and storage facilities are designed to be intrinsically safe (lowest possible impact) for a duration depending on the lifetime of wastes. The French national agency of waste management (ANDRA) wishes to preserve as long as possible the memory of its waste facilities taking into account a possible loss of this memory beyond the legal monitoring period. For this reason, the ANDRA has analyzed the means that have permitted the preservation of the historical heritage through the centuries. The conclusions show that it is possible to preserve with a good confidence a patrimony during long time scales providing some organizing and structuring of this memory (archiving on numerical media and on permanent paper). (J.S.)

  9. The Cigeo project, Meuse/Haute-Marne reversible geological disposal facility for radioactive waste. Project Owner File, Public debate of 15 May to 15 October 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Gonnot, Francois-Michel

    2013-07-01

    Andra is exploring several options for the disposal of low-level long-lived waste (LLW-LL). With the French Government's approval, in June 2008 Andra began looking around France for a site to build an LLW-LL repository. In late 2008 it provided the Government with a report analysing the geological, environmental and socio-economic aspects of the forty odd municipalities that expressed an interest in the project. After the withdrawal of the two municipalities chosen in 2009 to conduct geological investigations, the government asked Andra to re-explore the various management options for graphite and radium-bearing waste, focusing in particular on ways to manage these types of waste separately. The High Committee for Transparency and Information on Nuclear Safety (HCTISN) created a working group to provide feedback on the search for a site for LLW-LL. Andra submitted a report to the Government in late 2012. This report contains proposals for continuing the search and draw in particular on the HCTISN's recommendations. Contents: 1 - Radioactive waste (Sources, Types, Management, Waste to be disposed of at Cigeo, Cigeo's estimated disposal capacities, Where IS HLW and ILW-LL being stored until Cigeo is commissioned? 2 - Why deep geological disposal? (A 15-year research programme, Presentation and assessment of the research results, The public debate of 2005-2006, Deep geological disposal ratified by the 2006 Planning Act, The 2006 Planning Act: other areas of research complementary to deep geological disposal, The situation in other countries); 3 - Why the Meuse/Haute-Marne site? (Selection of the Meuse and Haute-Marne site to host an underground research laboratory, The geological formation in the Meuse and Haute-Marne site, Callovo-Oxfordian clay, Siting of Cigeo's installations); 4 - How will Cigeo operate? (The installations at Cigeo, Construction of Cigeo, Transport of waste packages, Operation of Cigeo, Closure of Cigeo); 5 - Safety at Cigeo

  10. Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre. Activity report 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-09-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates 3 facilities at its Meuse/Haute-Marne site: the Bure underground laboratory (Meuse), a Technological space (Haute-Marne), and an ecological samples library in front of the underground lab. This document is the 2013 activity report of the Meuse/Haute-Marne center. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, 2013 highlights in pictures, incidents, provisions made for safety, security and radiation protection, environmental impacts, public information and communication

  11. Volkswagen - Ett globalt fusk : En deskriptiv studie om biljättens utsläppsskandal och dess påverkan

    OpenAIRE

    Edlund, Erik; de Bourgh, Oscar

    2016-01-01

    Genom åren har ett flertal bolag världen över involverats i olika slags skandaler, en del som rena brott och andra som skylls på misstag eller olyckshändelser. Några av det större slaget är t.ex. BP-skandalen där miljontals fat med olja läckte ut i mexikanska golfen, detta skylldes på en olyckshändelse. Andra exempel är Enron som gjorde ett rent bedrägeri i form av bokföringsbrott eller Stora Enso som sysslade med barnarbete i utvecklingsländer, vilket blossade upp som en skandal i form av bo...

  12. Aube storage center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. Annual report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-09-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2010 activity report of the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety, security and radiation protection, environmental monitoring and effluents, public information and communication

  13. Aube storage centres - 2007 review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-10-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This report presents a review of the activities of both centers for 2007: deliveries, storage and processing, maintenance, incidents, personnel security, installations and environmental monitoring, effluents, budget and revenues, personnel, taxes, public information and actions of communication

  14. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: Granite. Tome evolution phenomenologique du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  15. Annual report of the Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-09-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates 3 facilities at its Meuse/Haute-Marne site: the Bure underground laboratory (Meuse), a Technological space (Haute-Marne), and an ecological samples library in front of the underground lab. This document is the 2012 activity report of the Meuse/Haute-Marne center. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, 2012 highlights in pictures, provisions made for safety, security and radiation protection, environmental impacts, public information and communication

  16. Cogema experience on retrieving and conditioning solid radwaste previously stored in pits. The La Hague north west pit case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodin, F.; Alexandre, D.; Fournier, Ph.

    2000-01-01

    Short lived, low and medium level waste called 'technological waste' produced by the La Hague Reprocessing Plant have been stored in the La Hague North-West concrete-lined pits until implementation at ANDRA's Centre de Stockage de la Manche (CSM). COGEMA decided to retrieve and condition 11,000 m 3 of humid solid radwaste, stored in bulk in pits. This report describes the experience gained from February 1990 to December 1998, taking into account radwaste and integrated dose rate results conditioning such waste. The procedures and means used and improved by COGEMA to comply with ANDRA's storage standards and the ever-decreasing financial costs generated by the workers, allowed to retrieve and condition 11,000 m 3 of old solid radwaste with competitive costs and in complete safety and protection of the environment. (authors)

  17. Radioactive materials and waste. Planning act of 28 jun 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The English translation contained in this booklet is based on Planning Act No. 2006-739 of 28 June 2006 and on articles L. 542-1 and following of the Environmental Code (as modified). It gathers all articles of the French law dealing with the activities of the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes, and with the sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste. It is provided for convenience purposes only. The French version remains the only valid and legally binding version. In order to enhance readability, all articles relating to ANDRA's activities are consolidated in this self-supporting document. The original French version of the new Act and of the Environmental Code, already published in the 'Journal officiel', are the only authentic biding texts

  18. Cigeomag December 2012 - A better understanding of the project of industrial centre of geological storage: Science and knowledge, where are we? The geological medium is a guarantee of the storage safety; numerical simulation, essential support to experimentations; an international research field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Farin, Sebastien; Comte, Annabelle; Armand, Gilles; Crusset, Didier; Landais, Patrick; Lebon, Patrick; Plas, Frederic; Schumacher, Stephan; Bertrand, Domitille; Seghers, Elodie; Muzerelle, Sophie

    2012-12-01

    Within the frame of the public debate organized about the project of creation of a deep reversible disposal for radioactive wastes in Meuse/Haute-Marne, this publication proposes an overview of researches performed since 1991 when the ANDRA was commissioned to study the feasibility of such a disposal for the most radioactive French wastes. This publication deals with the different themes studied by the ANDRA and how, with which means and tools they have been and are addressed. More precisely, it also describes and comments how the geological medium is a guarantee for the storage safety, how waste behaviour is studied in detail, how the storage behaviour must be considered as a whole, how numerical simulation is an essential tool for experimentations, how an underground laboratory allows an as real as possible experimentation of deep storage, how the environment about Cigeo will be controlled and surveyed during at least 100 years, and how researches are performed through numerous international collaborations

  19. Scientific investigation in deep boreholes at the Meuse/Haute Marne underground research laboratory, northeastern France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rebours, H.; Delay, J.; Vinsot, A.

    2006-01-01

    From 1994 to 1996, the preliminary investigation carried out by Andra, identified a sector favourable for hosting a laboratory in argillaceous Callovo-Oxfordian formation which has a thickness of 130 m and lies more than 400 m below ground level. In November 1999 Andra began building an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) with a 3D seismic survey over 4 km 2 . From 2000 to 2004, large programs of boreholes were carried out on site and on the sector in order to define the characteristics of formations, to improve the regional geological and hydrogeological knowledge and to provide an accurate definition of structural features in Callovo-Oxfordian argillites and Dogger limestones. These drilling programs have provided a fine characterization of the argillites on the laboratory area and a good correlation of geological properties at a sector scale. (author)

  20. Preserving the memory of waste disposal centres for the future generations; Preserver la memoire des centre de stockage pour les generations futures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Radioactive waste disposal and storage facilities are designed to be intrinsically safe (lowest possible impact) for a duration depending on the lifetime of wastes. The French national agency of waste management (ANDRA) wishes to preserve as long as possible the memory of its waste facilities taking into account a possible loss of this memory beyond the legal monitoring period. For this reason, the ANDRA has analyzed the means that have permitted the preservation of the historical heritage through the centuries. The conclusions show that it is possible to preserve with a good confidence a patrimony during long time scales providing some organizing and structuring of this memory (archiving on numerical media and on permanent paper). (J.S.)

  1. Implementation of the program law from June 28, 2006 on the sustainable management of radioactive materials and wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-07-01

    This presentation, given by the national agency of radioactive waste management (ANDRA) at the meeting of July 1, 2009 of the high committee for the nuclear safety transparency and information (HCTISN), describes the two projects of the ANDRA in the framework of the program law of June 28, 2006 about the sustainable management of radioactive materials and wastes. The first project is a reversible deep geologic waste disposal facility for high level/long living wastes. The second project is a low depth waste storage facility for low level/long living wastes. For each project, the site selection, the type of waste and its conditioning, and the concept and specifications of the facility are presented. (J.S.)

  2. Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre. Annual report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-09-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates 2 facilities at its Meuse/Haute-Marne site: the Bure underground laboratory (Meuse), and a Technological space (Haute-Marne). This document is the 2010 activity report of the Meuse/Haute-Marne center. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, 2010 highlights in pictures, incidents, provisions made for radiation protection, environmental impacts, public information and communication

  3. Activity report 2004; Rapport d'activite 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-04-01

    Constituted by a public and commercial establishment, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) is responsible for the long term management of radioactive waste. This activity report presents the three missions of the ANDRA during the year 2004. The industrial mission deals with the Aube center disposal and the Manche center disposal facilities and the collection effort concerning the diffuse nuclear waste. The research mission focuses on the presentation of several topics: the repository design by studying various potential architectures, the reversibility and the safety assessment under operating conditions and the description of the behavior of repository at various space and time scales. The last mission concerns the information and the communication program. (A.L.B.)

  4. The management of hospital radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peyrin, J.O.

    1992-01-01

    Enquiries performed by nuclear medicine services together with ANDRA in order to characterize the radioactive wastes from hospital origin have led to suggest some improvements in the management of these products: improved screening on the production site by rationalized collection, planning of a local storage installation for decay of 125 I-containing products, systematic education of concerned hospital staff, in particular to prevent infectious risks, obtaining legislatively a change of class for tritiated and carbonated hospital radioactive wastes, which will be then considered as common wastes. The practical application of these arrangements in hospital by the 'radiation protection competent person' would liberate hospital departments from systematic appeal to ANDRA and thus result in money saving

  5. Perennial Environment Observatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plas, Frederic

    2014-07-01

    The Perennial Environment Observatory [Observatoire Perenne de l'Environnement - OPE] is a unique approach and infrastructure developed and implemented by ANDRA, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, as part of its overall project of deep geological disposal for radioactive waste. Its current mission is to assess the initial state of the rural (forest, pasture, open-field and aquatic) environment, prior to repository construction. This will be followed in 2017 (pending construction authorizations) and for a period exceeding a century, by monitoring of any impact the repository may have on the environment. In addition to serving its own industrial purpose of environmental monitoring, ANDRA also opens the OPE approach, infrastructure and acquired knowledge (database...) to the scientific community to support further research on long term evolution of the environment subjected to natural and anthropogenic stresses, and to contribute to a better understanding of the interaction between the various compartments of the environment

  6. Activity report 2004; Rapport d'activite 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-04-01

    Constituted by a public and commercial establishment, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) is responsible for the long term management of radioactive waste. This activity report presents the three missions of the ANDRA during the year 2004. The industrial mission deals with the Aube center disposal and the Manche center disposal facilities and the collection effort concerning the diffuse nuclear waste. The research mission focuses on the presentation of several topics: the repository design by studying various potential architectures, the reversibility and the safety assessment under operating conditions and the description of the behavior of repository at various space and time scales. The last mission concerns the information and the communication program. (A.L.B.)

  7. The underground laboratory. A unique scientific tool to design a reversible storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-07-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra is carrying out studies on deep reversible waste storage for high-level and long living intermediate-level radioactive wastes thanks to the underground laboratory of its Meuse/Haute-Marne center. This brochure presents the geologic surveys which have led to the selection of the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite formation for the sitting of the underground lab and the underground architecture of the lab. The rock mechanic, heat transfer and rock-fluid interaction experiments carried out in the lab in collaboration with several scientific partners are briefly summarised

  8. Aube storage center. Information report on nuclear safety and radiation protection 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-01-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2015 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, security, events or incidents, environmental monitoring and effluents, wastes management, public information, recommendations of the Health and safety Committee (CHSCT)

  9. Aube storage center. Information report on nuclear safety and radiation protection 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2016 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, security, events or incidents, environmental monitoring and effluents, wastes management, public information, recommendations of the Health and safety Committee (CHSCT)

  10. Some robust numerical methods for flow and transport in porous media; Quelques methodes numeriques robustes pour l'ecoulement et le transport en milieu poreux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sboui, A

    2007-01-15

    The aim of this thesis is to model and develop numerical tools adapted to study underground water flow and the propagation of pollutants in a porous medium. The main motivation of this work is a benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA to simulate the 3-D propagation of radionuclides around a deep disposal of nuclear waste. Firstly, we construct a new mixed finite elements method suitable for general hexahedral meshes. Convergence of the method is proved and shown in numerical experiments. Secondly, we present a method of time discretization for the advection equation which allows for the use of different time steps in different sub-domains in order to take into account of strong heterogeneities. Finally a numerical method for the calculation of the transport of contaminants is proposed. The techniques above were implemented in a 3-D code and simulation results are shown on the 3-D far field benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA. (author)

  11. Information report on the nuclear safety and radiation protection of the Aube center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes storage - 2011. Annual report in the framework of article 21 of the Act on nuclear transparency and safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-06-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2011 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, events or incidents, environmental monitoring, wastes management, public information, recommendations of the Health and safety Committee (CHSCT)

  12. Memory for future generations. To preserve and to transmit the memory of radioactive wastes. Press file - September 2014

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-09-01

    This publication by the ANDRA describes the approach adopted to develop, to preserve and to transmit the memory about radioactive wastes. This approach comprises three components: messages (texts, archives, drawings...), physical supports (paper, disk, markers), and relays (institutions, companies, etc.). The publication describes how these components are already used or implemented for the different radioactive waste storage centres managed by the ANDRA. It also outlines that this memory is an issue of international concern. It evokes issues related to linguistics (how future generations will understand our messages?), to the ageing of materials used as physical support, to archaeology because of the evolution of landscapes, and to the evolution of archival systems. Some simple ideas and projects are briefly indicated which can be a support in memory building

  13. The Callovo-Oxfordian of the Paris Basin: From its geological context to the modelling of its properties; Le Callovo-Oxfordien du bassin de Paris: du contexte geologique a la modelisation de ses proprietes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2006-10-15

    The French law from December 30, 1991 entrusted the French national agency for radioactive wastes (ANDRA) with the mission of assessing the feasibility of a deep geological repository in the clay-rich Callovo-Oxfordian formation of NE France (Meuse and Haute-Marne departements). A research program, coordinated by ANDRA and involving several university laboratories and other French organizations (CNRS, CEA, BRGM, INERIS, INPL, ENSMP) has permitted to gather a huge amount of information about the properties of the Callovo-Oxfordian formation of the eastern part of the Paris basin. These properties are summarized in this introductive paper: paleo-geography, bio-stratigraphy of ammonites, clay mineralogy and other minerals content, anisotropy of argillite beds, permeability and porosity, osmosis and thermal diffusion, chemistry of interstitial waters, fracturing.. (J.S.)

  14. FAVL work group: report and recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This document reports the works of a work group dedicated to the process of search for storage site for low activity and long life radioactive wastes. The authors recall the history of this process which started in the early 1990's, and resulted in the selection of two sites, in Auxon and in Pars-les-Chavanges, and finally in the withdrawal of both towns. Then, the authors analyse the whole process in terms of intervention or participation of local authorities, of information and participation of waste producers. They also discuss the roles of the ASN, IRSN, DGEC, ANDRA and ANDRA's Coesdic. They make recommendations regarding site selection, agenda, responsibilities, preferential representative at the local level, public information, consultation, and project support

  15. Aube storage centres - 2005 review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-07-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This report presents a review of the activities of both centers for 2005: deliveries, storage and processing, maintenance, incidents, personnel security, installations and environmental monitoring, effluents, budget and revenues, personnel, taxes, public information and actions of communication

  16. Annual report of the Aube storage center for very-low-level radioactive wastes (CSTFA) - 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-08-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2011 activity report of the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety, security and radiation protection, environmental monitoring and effluents, public information and communication

  17. Föräldrars upplevelse av insatsen föräldrakoordinator.

    OpenAIRE

    Aspén-Franzén, Annika

    2014-01-01

    Föräldrakoordination är en barnfokuserad alternativ konfliktlösningsmetod som praktiserats i Sverige sedan 2009. Denna intervjustudie har undersökt separerade föräldrars upplevelse av att få stöd i sitt föräldrasamarbete av en föräldrakoordinator. Intervjuer har genomförts med sju föräldrar som haft insatsen föräldrakoordinator under minst sex månader. Samtliga deltagande föräldrar har flera års erfarenhet av svårlösta konflikter med den andra föräldern och har tidigare provat andra former av...

  18. Characterization of conditioned low- and intermediate-level wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alexandre, D.; Pottier, P.; Billon, A.; Bourdrez, J.; Nomine, J.C.; Tassigny, C. de

    1983-01-01

    All radioactive wastes must be conditioned to satisfy the criteria for disposal of them in the ground. In accordance with the specifications laid down by the Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs (French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management - ANDRA), waste characterization records must be drawn up, with the relevant tests being carried out under approved conditions. The paper summarizes the principal results acquired in laboratories of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) under the characterization programme, which was initiated by ANDRA and to which the Commission of European Communities (CEC) has contributed within the framework of its five-year indirect-action programme (1980-84). The principal aspects of these characterization tests are concerned with leaching from normal-sized packages, techniques measuring the radioisotope diffusion rate in thermosetting resins, study of the chemical forms of the radioisotopes released and assessment of the resistance of the coatings to the action of micro-organisms in the soil. (author)

  19. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  20. Overview of the current and planned activities in the French underground research laboratory at Bure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delay, J.

    2006-01-01

    In November 1999 Andra began building an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) on the border of the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments in eastern France. The research activities of the URL are dedicated to reversible, deep geological disposal of high-activity, long-lived radioactive wastes in an argillaceous host rock. The studies covered four complementary aspects: acquisition of data (waste packages, material behaviour and clay medium), repository design and reversibility studies, analysis of the long term behaviour of the repository, safety analyses. For the next phase starting in 2007, Andra will carry out integrated tests of a technological scope, i.e. trial drift, demonstrator of current drift. The results should make it possible to assess the safety of a disposal over several tens and even hundreds of thousands of years and submit in 2015 a file for permission request for the HLW and ILW deep disposal. (author)

  1. Activity report 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-04-01

    Constituted by a public and commercial establishment, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) is responsible for the long term management of radioactive waste. This activity report presents the three missions of the ANDRA during the year 2004. The industrial mission deals with the Aube center disposal and the Manche center disposal facilities and the collection effort concerning the diffuse nuclear waste. The research mission focuses on the presentation of several topics: the repository design by studying various potential architectures, the reversibility and the safety assessment under operating conditions and the description of the behavior of repository at various space and time scales. The last mission concerns the information and the communication program. (A.L.B.)

  2. Role of temperature and composition on the thermal-hydro-mechanical coupling of concretes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brue, Flore

    2009-01-01

    The French project of the storage of nuclear wastes, which is managed by the Andra, needs some experimental data on the durability of the concrete. Loadings which are taken into account are the desaturation/re-saturation processes, the heat load and the mechanical evolution. Hence this study focuses on the coupling thermo-hydro-mechanical on concretes of the research program of Andra, made with CEM I and CEM V/A cement type. The water saturation degree and shrinkages of materials, which are subjected to desiccation or re-saturation, are dependent on the imposed thermal and hydrous conditions and on their microstructural characteristics. Moreover the study of the mechanical evolution is gone further at 20 C in function of the water saturation degree. Different short-term tests highlight a hydrous damage, which determine the mechanical behaviour. The long-term study of desiccation creep shows the coupling between the durability, the mechanical evolution and the desiccation. (author)

  3. Researches on the radioactive wastes management: the packaging and the storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-12-01

    The CEA is working since many years on nuclear wastes. After the implementing of the law of the 30 december 1991, the Government asked the Cea to manage researches on axis 1 and 3 (respectively, separation and transmutation, conditioning and storage) and the ANDRA to manage researches on the axis 2 (geological disposal). This paper presents the Cea activities and the technology assessments in these domains: separation and transmutation, the contributions on the geological disposal for the ANDRA, the conditioning of radioactive materials, studies on the long-dated behavior of packages and the long-lived storage. A special part is devoted to the new expertise center on the conditioning and the storage of radioactive materials, developed in 2002 in Marcoule to enhance the Cea competence in the domain of the conditioning and the storage. (A.L.B.)

  4. HCTISN, plenary meeting of the 20 of June 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This document gathers Power Point presentations which have been proposed during the meeting of the High committee for transparency and information on nuclear safety (HCTISN). A first PP, proposed by the ASN, presents the ASN's plan to implement the principle of public participation to the elaboration of its regulatory or individual decisions related to the environment. The second one, proposed by the ANDRA, presents the FAVL (low activity long life) waste storage project, notably for wastes containing radium, graphite or bitumen (waste classification, context, waste origin, temporary storage, long term management, project of small depth storage, site search process, project orientations). The third one, made by the ASN, discusses the opinion of the ASN on documents produced by the ANDRA since 2009 about the project of radioactive waste storage in deep geological layers (context, creation authorization procedure, general considerations, waste inventory, seismic data acquisition, direct storage of spent fuels coming from power reactors)

  5. Some robust numerical methods for flow and transport in porous media; Quelques methodes numeriques robustes pour l'ecoulement et le transport en milieu poreux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sboui, A

    2007-01-15

    The aim of this thesis is to model and develop numerical tools adapted to study underground water flow and the propagation of pollutants in a porous medium. The main motivation of this work is a benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA to simulate the 3-D propagation of radionuclides around a deep disposal of nuclear waste. Firstly, we construct a new mixed finite elements method suitable for general hexahedral meshes. Convergence of the method is proved and shown in numerical experiments. Secondly, we present a method of time discretization for the advection equation which allows for the use of different time steps in different sub-domains in order to take into account of strong heterogeneities. Finally a numerical method for the calculation of the transport of contaminants is proposed. The techniques above were implemented in a 3-D code and simulation results are shown on the 3-D far field benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA. (author)

  6. Radioactive materials and waste. Planning act of 28 jun 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The English translation contained in this booklet is based on Planning Act No. 2006-739 of 28 June 2006 and on articles L. 542-1 and following of the Environmental Code (as modified). It gathers all articles of the French law dealing with the activities of the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes, and with the sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste. It is provided for convenience purposes only. The French version remains the only valid and legally binding version. In order to enhance readability, all articles relating to ANDRA's activities are consolidated in this self-supporting document. The original French version of the new Act and of the Environmental Code, already published in the 'Journal officiel', are the only authentic biding texts.

  7. Aube storage centre for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. Annual report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-06-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2009 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, events or incidents, environmental monitoring, wastes management, public information, opinion of the Health and safety Committee (CHSCT)

  8. The laboratories of geological studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    This educational document comprises 4 booklets in a folder devoted to the presentation of the ANDRA's activities in geological research laboratories. The first booklet gives a presentation of the missions of the ANDRA (the French agency for the management of radioactive wastes) in the management of long life radioactive wastes. The second booklet describes the approach of waste disposal facilities implantation. The third booklet gives a brief presentation of the scientific program concerning the underground geologic laboratories. The last booklet is a compilation of questions and answers about long-life radioactive wastes, the research and works carried out in geologic laboratories, the public information and the local socio-economic impact, and the storage of radioactive wastes in deep geological formations. (J.S.)

  9. Aube storage center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. Annual report 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-06-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2008 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, events or incidents, environmental monitoring, wastes management, public information

  10. Aube storage center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. Annual report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-06-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), was established by the December 1991 Waste Act as a public body in charge of the long-term management of all radioactive waste, under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea (formerly the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Environment), and the Ministry of Research. The Andra operates two storage centers in the Aube region (France): the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes, and the center for very-low-level radioactive wastes. This document is the 2010 activity report of the center for short-lived low- and intermediate-level wastes. It presents a review of the activities of the center: presentation of the installations, safety and radiation protection, events or incidents, environmental monitoring, wastes management, public information, recommendations of the Health and safety Committee (CHSCT)

  11. For a national reference inventory of of radioactive wastes; Pour un inventaire national de reference des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    This document is the second volume of the report concerning the mission of the ANDRA on the radioactive wastes inventory methodology. It presents the annexes of the mission management, the main channels of wastes production, the existing inventories, the foreign experiments, a first version of the specification of the inventories data management united system, the management system of reprocessing wastes for foreigner customers, order of magnitude, bibliography and glossary. (A.L.B.)

  12. Guidebook of radioactive wastes removal. From collection to storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-06-01

    This document, more particularly devoted to radioactive waste producers (except electronuclear industry), defines the technical specifications relative to the taking over of their wastes by the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes. Content: general conditions (producers liability and obligations), instructions manual of the taking over demand, non-electronuclear wastes collecting, wastes conditioning specifications, specifications for each category of waste, the lightning arresters case, specifications for particular removals with prior consent

  13. Transportation and disposal of low-and medium level waste using fiber reinforced concrete overpacks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pech, R.; Verdier, A.

    1993-01-01

    A multiple-year research effort by Cogema culminated in the development of a new process to immobilize nuclear waste in concrete overpacks reinforced with metal fibers. The fiber concrete overpacks satisfy all French safety requirements relating to waste immobilization and disposal, and have been certified by Andra, the national radioactive waste management agency. This presentation will cover the use of the fiber-reinforced concrete overpack for disposal and transportation, and will discuss their fabrication. (J.P.N.)

  14. 2001 activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    Managing radioactive waste for a better control in the future. The Quadrennial State/Andra contract, the double ISO 9001 (quality) and ISO 140001 (environment) certification and three diversified missions: industry, research and information. Those are the highlights of the activity report where the reader will be able to learn more about the Agency's major achievements in 2001. An appendix contains the management report of the Agency

  15. Activity report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This document draws out an overview of the actions carried out by the Andra (the French national agency of radioactive wastes) during the year 2000 in the framework of its three main missions: the warranty of radioactivity confinement, the scientific research on radioactive waste management and the development of the public information in this domain. The management report of the agency is given in appendix. (J.S.)

  16. 2001 activity report; Rapport d'activite 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    Managing radioactive waste for a better control in the future. The Quadrennial State/Andra contract, the double ISO 9001 (quality) and ISO 140001 (environment) certification and three diversified missions: industry, research and information. Those are the highlights of the activity report where the reader will be able to learn more about the Agency's major achievements in 2001. An appendix contains the management report of the Agency.

  17. Radiation protection office at the general direction of health

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piechowski, J.

    1996-01-01

    The radiation protection office at the general direction of health has the following functions: organisation and relations with decentralized services, legal aspects, relations with the direction of nuclear installation safety, nuclear medicine with licensing, radioactive wastes in relation with ANDRA, environment, trusteeship of OPRI in matter of measurements, dosimetry and epidemiology in relation with the Minister of work and training in radiation protection. (N.C.)

  18. International Physics Olympiad (24th) Held in Williamsburg, Virginia on July 10 - 18, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-18

    27.35 Bojan Gornik Slovenia 27.33 Yoo Chul Chung Korea 27.25 Andras Major Germany 27.05 Robert Kry Canada 27 Erik Larsson Sweden 27 lacopoCarusotto...Martin Canada: Kry, Robert China: Zhang, Junan Colombia: Massey, Ibrahim Croatia:. Garaj, Slaven Cuba: Campa, Erwin Portuondo Cyprus: Tofaris...2159 REPUBLIC OF KOREA Singapore Sooyong Kim Dept. of Physics Meng Hau Kuok Korea Advanced Inst. of Science & National University Technology of

  19. Eesti Päevaleht korjas kolm pressipreemiat / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Eile jagas Eesti Ajalehtede Liit 2005. aasta ajakirjandussaavutuste eest preemiaid. Eesti Päevaleht sai kujundusauhinna esikaane ja uudiskülgede eest ning arvamusloo preemia. Esikülje kujundusauhinna sai "Eesti Päevalehe" peakunstnik Merike Pinn. Parimateks uudisfoto autoriteks tunnistati Andras Kralla "Äripäevast" ja Margus Ansu "Tartu Postimehest", parimateks olemusfoto autoriteks Raul Mee "Äripäevast" ja Sille Annuk "Tartu Postimehest"

  20. More Sets, Graphs and Numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Gyori, Ervin; Lovasz, Laszlo

    2006-01-01

    This volume honours the eminent mathematicians Vera Sos and Andras Hajnal. The book includes survey articles reviewing classical theorems, as well as new, state-of-the-art results. Also presented are cutting edge expository research papers with new theorems and proofs in the area of the classical Hungarian subjects, like extremal combinatorics, colorings, combinatorial number theory, etc. The open problems and the latest results in the papers are sure to inspire further research.

  1. The French national inventory of radioactive waste. Elements of openness and responsibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faussat, A.; Fernique, J.C.

    1995-01-01

    Article 13 of the Waste Act of 30 December 1991 calls for the Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs (ANDRA) ''to register the condition and location of all radioactive waste on national territory''. The establishment of a national inventory of radioactive waste and the broad distribution of inventory report to ensure that it becomes a matter of public record constitute a new approach to public information and an effective means of fulfilling the responsibility of the present generation vis-a-vis posterity. The National Waste Register goes beyond the low level radioactive waste disposal facilities to encompass 'all' waste, wherever it may be, including waste in storage at sites where waste is produced. As a result, the Register is multi-faceted, containing information on a variety of elements, from highly radioactive waste to hospital waste collected by ANDRA and to repositories with very low level radioactive material. Information must be provided about all of these widely divergent components. ANDRA has already published two inventories, which demonstrates the durability of its new mission. The Register now contains the inventory of radioactive waste generated by some activities connected with the defence programme. Data collection for the Register involves contacting the generators of waste and working with these entities, whether they are nuclear industry companies, defence organizations, non-nuclear industries, or the 25 Regional Directorates of Industry, Research and Environment, the control institutions or the environmental protection organizations. The yearly exchange of information among all partners involved in radioactive waste management is one of the basic tools of ANDRA, allowing it to be recognized as open and responsible, and to be more credible, fulfilling in this way one of the essential criteria for acceptability. (author). 4 refs

  2. Kunst linnaruumi, kunst vaatajani! : Madalmaad / Kirke Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Kirke, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Skulptuurinäitusest "Den Haag Sculptuur 2004" Haagi kesklinnas. Sümpoosioni peateemaks "Giants: European Conversation Pieces / Hiiglased: Euroopa vestluskillud". Kuraator Marie Jeanne de Rooij. Balint Havasi ja Andras Galiku (Little Warsaw, Ungari) võidutööst, Damien Hirsti (Inglismaa), Esther Brugginki ja Tom Claasseni (Holland), Anton Cierny (Slovakkia), Monika Sosnowska (Poola) ning Eesti esindanud Kirke Kangro tööst

  3. Hydromechanical response to a mine by test experiment in a deep claystone

    OpenAIRE

    Armand , Gilles; Souley , Mountaka; Su , Kun; Renaud , Vincent; Wileveau , Yannick

    2006-01-01

    International audience; In order to demonstrate the feasibility of radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation, an underground research laboratory is being constructed by Andra (French national radioactive waste management agency) in eastern France, in a Callovo-Oxfordian claystone. 15 boreholes were drilled from a drift at -447 m to install sensors around the shaft (6 m diameter) at depth -460 m to -474 m in order to record the hydromechanical behaviour of the claystone during ...

  4. Radioactive wastes management: what is the situation?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This presentation takes stock on the situation of the radioactive wastes management in France. It gives information on the deep underground disposal, the public information, the management of the radioactive wastes in France, the researches in the framework of the law of the 30 december 1991, the underground laboratory of Meuse/Haute-Marne, the national agency for the radioactive wastes management (ANDRA) and its sites. (A.L.B.)

  5. Radioactive wastes management: what is the situation?; Gestion des dechets radioactifs: ou en est-on?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This presentation takes stock on the situation of the radioactive wastes management in France. It gives information on the deep underground disposal, the public information, the management of the radioactive wastes in France, the researches in the framework of the law of the 30 december 1991, the underground laboratory of Meuse/Haute-Marne, the national agency for the radioactive wastes management (ANDRA) and its sites. (A.L.B.)

  6. An International Peer Review of the Safety Options Dossier of the Project for Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Deep Geological Formations (Cigéo). Final Report of the IAEA International Review Team November 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-07-01

    The French Nuclear Safety Authority (Autorité de sûreté nucléaire, ASN) is preparing the evaluation of a licence application for the creation of a deep geological disposal facility in 2018, called Cigéo, for intermediate level, high level and long lived radioactive waste. This licence is preceded by the submission of a Safety Options Dossier to ASN, which provides the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Agence nationale pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs, Andra) the possibility to receive advice from ASN on the preparation of the licence application on the safety principles and approach. The Safety Options Dossier sets out the chosen objectives, concepts and principles for ensuring the safety of the facility. ASN requested the IAEA to organize an international peer review of the Safety Options Dossier. This publication presents the consensus view of the international group of experts convened by the IAEA to conduct the review against the relevant IAEA safety standards and proven international practice and experience. The experts acted in a personal capacity and the views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the IAEA, the governments of the nominating Member States or the nominating organizations. The basis of this peer review is the set of documents provided by Andra, as the agency responsible for the development of the Cigéo project and for its safety. Consequently, the findings of the reviews are addressed directly to Andra. This publication, however, is primarily submitted to ASN to review the outcomes of the Andra project.

  7. The programme of quality assurance relative to management and characterization of low activity wastes of Saclay nuclear study center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cordero, G.; Perotin, J.P.

    1988-05-01

    The technique for inspection and characterization of solid wastes with a low or very low α activity and medium β or γ activity allows to guarantee ANDRA, the collecting authority, an accurate, but not perfect, knowledge of the wastes and to limit the risk of non-compliance to technical prescription to an acceptable value. Choice of sampling technique limits the number of analysis and automation limits cost and personnal risks [fr

  8. The Aube centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-07-01

    This educational booklet is devoted to a general presentation of the Aube radioactive wastes storage centre. After a short presentation of the Andra, the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes, it gives some general information about radioactive wastes (origin, classification), containers (quality assurance and different types), wastes transportation (planning, safety), and about the Aube centre itself: description, treatment and conditioning of drums (compacting and injection), storage facilities, geological situation of the site, and environmental controls. (J.S.)

  9. The Aube centre; Le Centre de l`Aube

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This educational booklet is devoted to a general presentation of the Aube radioactive wastes storage centre. After a short presentation of the Andra, the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes, it gives some general information about radioactive wastes (origin, classification), containers (quality assurance and different types), wastes transportation (planning, safety), and about the Aube centre itself: description, treatment and conditioning of drums (compacting and injection), storage facilities, geological situation of the site, and environmental controls. (J.S.)

  10. Preparing to review the license application of the French geological disposal facility - Issues, challenges and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dandrieux, Geraldine

    2014-01-01

    This paper briefly describes the French context for GDR authorization, the French dedicated legislative framework (28 June 2006 Act on sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste), the challenges (regulatory issues, long-term project supervision, technical issues, procedural issues), and the preparing for the review of the DGR license application. A planning schedule is propose with Andra to submit license application for DGR in 2015

  11. Manche centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-05-01

    After a general presentation of radioactivity and radioactive wastes and of the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA), this brochure gives a general overview of the Manche low- and medium-level radioactive waste disposal centre: principles of storage safety, waste containers (first confinement barrier), storage facility and cover (second confinement barrier), the underground (third confinement barrier), the impact of the centre on its environment, and the control of radioactivity in the vicinity of the centre. (J.S.)

  12. Characterization and hydrogeological modelling of a site for disposal of medium- and low-level radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lavie, J.; Peaudecerf, P.

    1993-01-01

    Characterization studies of the French low-and intermediate-level radwaste site in the Aube Department includes a significant hydrogeological appraisal element. These studies are based upon geological, hydrogeological, and hydrodynamic measurements. The data are compiled into a model of the ground water- body. Data collection is continuous. The hydrodynamic model and the transport model is regularly validated for ANDRA (French National Radioactive Waste Disposal Agency) with a reliable and up-dated tool

  13. The management of nuclear wastes from diffuse nuclear activities. A processing adapted to each situation; La gestion des dechets radioactifs du nucleaire diffus. Un traitement adapte a chaque situation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) works with more than a thousand of clients belonging to hospitals, research centers and industries. These are called 'small producers' because they generate a small quantity of wastes. However, because of the large variety of these wastes, they require suitable and specific processes for their management which are presented in this brochure. (J.S.)

  14. Nuclear, energy, environment, wastes, society - NEEDS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This document presents the seven projects based on partnerships between several bodies, companies and agencies (CNRS, CEA, Areva, EDF, IRSN, ANDRA, BRGM) on research programmes on nuclear systems and scenarios, on resources (mines, processes, economy), on the processing and packaging of radioactive wastes, on the behaviour of materials for storage, on the impact of nuclear activities on the environment, on the relationship between nuclear, risks and society, and on materials for nuclear energy

  15. Radioactive wastes transport. A safety logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The safety principle which applies to transport operations of radioactive wastes obeys to a very strict regulation. For the conditioning of wastes in package, the organisation of shipments and the qualification of carriers, the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes, has implemented a rigorous policy based on the respect of a quality procedure and on the mastery of delivery fluxes. This brochure presents in a simple, illustrated and detailed manner the different steps of these transports. (J.S.)

  16. National Inventory of Radioactive Wastes, Edition 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pallard, Bernard; Vervialle, Jean Pierre; Voizard, Patrice

    1998-01-01

    The National Radioactive Waste Inventory is an annual report of French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (ANDRA). The issue on 1998 has the following content: 1. General presentation; 2. Location of radioactive wastes in France; 3. Regional file catalogue; 4. Address directory; 5. Annexes. The inventory establishes the producer and owner categories, the French overseas waste sources, location of pollutant sides, spread wastes (hospitals, universities and industrial sector), railways terminals

  17. The management of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    This educative booklet describes the role and missions of the ANDRA, the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes, and the different aspects of the management of radioactive wastes: goal, national inventory, classification, transport (organisation, regulation, safety), drumming, labelling, surface storage of short life wastes, environmental control, management of long life wastes (composition, research, legal aspects) and the underground research laboratories (description, public information, projects, schedules). (J.S.)

  18. Management of radioactive medical waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deschamps, S.; Mathey, J.C.

    1996-01-01

    Hospitals are producers of small amounts of radioactive waste. Current legislation details exactly how hospitals should manage it. Sealed sources are returned to suppliers. Disposal of unsealed sources, liquid or solid, depends upon their half-life: short-lived radioisotopes (half-life less than two months) are stocked on site while they decay; isotopes with longer half-lives (greater than two months) are handled by a specialist organization (ANDRA). (authors). 8 refs

  19. For a national reference inventory of of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-05-01

    This document is the second volume of the report concerning the mission of the ANDRA on the radioactive wastes inventory methodology. It presents the annexes of the mission management, the main channels of wastes production, the existing inventories, the foreign experiments, a first version of the specification of the inventories data management united system, the management system of reprocessing wastes for foreigner customers, order of magnitude, bibliography and glossary. (A.L.B.)

  20. Reversibility and social sciences. Proceedings of the 2008 October 2 Symposium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The contributions of this symposium are related to the gradual appropriation of the notion of storage reversibility by the ANDRA, the definition of waste reversible storage, the stage by stage management and the decision process, the reversibility from an economic point of view, the storage reversibility and safety, how to show and demonstrate the reversibility, the storage observation-surveillance, economic implications of the implementation of the notion of reversibility. Each of these interventions is followed by a debate

  1. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste; Dossier 2001 argile: sur l'avancement des etudes et recherches relatives a la faisabilite d'un stockage de dechets a haute activite et a vie longue en formation geologique profonde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  2. Indian women in subsistence and agricultural labour.

    OpenAIRE

    Mies M; Lalitha K; Kumari K

    1983-01-01

    Working paper comprising a case study on the economic role of low income rural women, especially as women workers employed in subsistence farming in Andra Pradesh, India. Covers labour force participation, sexual division of labour, sex discrimination in land tenure and occupational structure, the role of women's organizations, income generating activities, employment as agricultural workers and domestic workers, income and family budget. Discusses the effect of the milk credit scheme on pove...

  3. National inventory of radioactive wastes; Inventaire national des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    There are in France 1064 sites corresponding to radioactive waste holders that appear in this radioactive waste inventory. We find the eighteen sites of E.D.F. nuclear power plants, The Cogema mine sites, the Cogema reprocessing plants, The Cea storages, the different factories and enterprises of nuclear industry, the sites of non nuclear industry, the Andra centers, decommissioned installations, disposals with low level radioactive wastes, sealed sources distributors, national defence. (N.C.). 16 refs.

  4. Seitse luuleraamatut, seitse debüüti / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Teede, Andra. Takso Tallinna taevas. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Vabat, Martin. Mina olengi kirjandusklassik. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Kangro, Maarja. Kurat õrnal lumel. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Ojasaar, Krista. Hommikused unenäod. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Korts, Eliina. Lööklaused murravad metsi. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Piik, Paavo. Kummuli linnad. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Oidsalu, Meelis. Jumala kihvt luulekogu. Tallinn : Sirp ja Vaseliin, 2006

  5. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste; Dossier 2001 argile: sur l'avancement des etudes et recherches relatives a la faisabilite d'un stockage de dechets a haute activite et a vie longue en formation geologique profonde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  6. France during the last two climate extremes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    The study of past climate events provides precious information for the forecasting of future climates at the 5000, 10000 or 50000 years vista. This work belongs to the geo-prospective work carried out by the Andra. It aims at understanding the key climatic events of the geological history in order to design possible scenarios of the future evolution of the climate and its eventual impacts on underground radioactive waste repositories. Paleo-climatic maps are given in appendixes. (J.S.)

  7. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  8. Igavesti uuesti üllatav romaanivõistlus / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. romaanivõistlusel 1. auhinda välja ei antud. 2. auhinna võitis Milvi Martina Piiri romaan "Liblikad janus". 3. auhinna võitjaid oli kaks: Birk Rohelend romaaniga "Minu sõraline sõber" ja Marion Andra "Algolagnia". Ergutusauhinna võitnud romaanid: Liina Lüecke "Sügismüsteerium", Robert Kurvitza "Püha ja õudne lõhn", Robert Randma "Sigaret" ja Helju Petsi "Õnneõiteta sirelid"

  9. Romaanivõistlus 2008 - naised ruulivad! / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. romaanivõistlusel 1. auhinda välja ei antud. 2. auhinna võitis Milvi Martina Piiri romaan "Liblikad janus". 3. auhinna võitjaid oli kaks: Birk Rohelend romaaniga "Minu sõraline sõber" ja Marion Andra "Algolagnia". Ergutusauhinna võitnud romaanid: Liina Lüecke "Sügismüsteerium", Robert Kurvitza "Püha ja õudne lõhn", Robert Randma "Sigaret" ja Helju Petsi "Õnneõiteta sirelid"

  10. Guide book of radioactive wastes collecting. Producers, from collection to storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    This document, more particularly devoted to radioactive waste producers (except electronuclear industry), defines the technical specifications and the financial conditions relative to the taking over of their wastes by the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes. Content: general principles, instructions manual of the taking over demand, practical conditions of wastes collecting, packaging and containers, specifications for each category of waste, particular cases, price table, disputes. (J.S.)

  11. Very low level waste disposal in France. A key tool for the management for decommissioning wastes in France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duetzer, Michel [Andra - Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactives, Chatenay-Malabry (France). Direction Industrielle

    2015-07-01

    At the end of the 90{sup th}, France had to deal with the emerging issue of the management of wastes resulting from decommissioning operations of nuclear facilities. A specific regulation was issued and Andra, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, developed a dedicated near surface disposal facility to accommodate very low level radioactive wastes. After more than 10 years of operation, this facility demonstrated it can provide efficient and flexible solutions for the management of decomissioning wastes.

  12. Radioactive waste management in France, how successive crises helped the process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tamborini, J.

    2000-01-01

    Since the start of the nuclear program in the early 70s, the acceptance of nuclear power by the public is an evolving process which involves many different actors and more and more, the local one. The radioactive waste management field also suffered from this deterioration of public opinion concerning nuclear power. Therefore, this text explains how National Radioactive Waste Agency (ANDRA) changed its policy in this matter notably through its experience in the implementation of its high-level (HLW), long-lived waste management program. ANDRA was created in 1979 to manage waste generated by the nuclear power programme. In 1984, ANDRA was asked to ensure the replacement of the Centre de la Manche, by undertaking studies for a new disposal facility with a capacity of 1 million cubic meters. Discussions with local elected representatives and the social fabric were a key element in the successful implementation of the new disposal facility. It is important to recognise, however, that social consensus about the site was not immediate: it required more than 400 public meetings and the creation of a local information committee consisting of elected representatives, associations and ANDRA In 1987, concurrently with the construction of the Centre de l'Aube, investigations started on the implementation of underground laboratories as a preliminary step to the construction of a repository for long-lived HLW. The approach used was very similar to that for surface disposal sites. However, three years after scientific and technical work campaigns had been launched on the pre-selected sites, all reconnaissance activities had to be stopped due to the opposition of the public and elected representatives. The government finally decreed a moratorium on the management of all long-lived HLW

  13. National inventory of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    There are in France 1064 sites corresponding to radioactive waste holders that appear in this radioactive waste inventory. We find the eighteen sites of E.D.F. nuclear power plants, The Cogema mine sites, the Cogema reprocessing plants, The Cea storages, the different factories and enterprises of nuclear industry, the sites of non nuclear industry, the Andra centers, decommissioned installations, disposals with low level radioactive wastes, sealed sources distributors, national defence. (N.C.)

  14. National inventory of radioactive wastes; Inventaire national des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    There are in France 1064 sites corresponding to radioactive waste holders that appear in this radioactive waste inventory. We find the eighteen sites of E.D.F. nuclear power plants, The Cogema mine sites, the Cogema reprocessing plants, The Cea storages, the different factories and enterprises of nuclear industry, the sites of non nuclear industry, the Andra centers, decommissioned installations, disposals with low level radioactive wastes, sealed sources distributors, national defence. (N.C.). 16 refs.

  15. Nondestructive and destructive measurements, a synergy for the wastes characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amoravain, S.; Dogny, S.

    2001-01-01

    The waste generated by nuclear industry have to be treated and conditioned to be stored in sites managed by ANDRA. Three channels are conceivable, the storage of very low activity waste, the surface storage of short live and low and intermediate activity waste, and the deep storage for long life or high activity waste. At this day, only the surface storage for waste at short life and low and intermediate activity is operational and allows to evacuate the radioactive waster. (N.C.)

  16. The management of radioactive wastes; La gestion des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This educative booklet describes the role and missions of the ANDRA, the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes, and the different aspects of the management of radioactive wastes: goal, national inventory, classification, transport (organisation, regulation, safety), drumming, labelling, surface storage of short life wastes, environmental control, management of long life wastes (composition, research, legal aspects) and the underground research laboratories (description, public information, projects, schedules). (J.S.)

  17. Novel competition 2008 - women's and genre literature / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. romaanivõistlusel 1. auhinda välja ei antud. 2. auhinna võitis Milvi Martina Piiri romaan "Liblikad janus". 3. auhinna võitjaid oli kaks: Birk Rohelend romaaniga "Minu sõraline sõber" ja Marion Andra "Algolagnia". Ergutusauhinna võitnud romaanid: Liina Lüecke "Sügismüsteerium", Robert Kurvitza "Püha ja õudne lõhn", Robert Randma "Sigaret" ja Helju Petsi "Õnneõiteta sirelid"

  18. CIGeO geological disposal for high-level radioactive waste in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouzounian, Gerald; Bolia, Jelana

    2014-01-01

    Andra is the sole French organization responsible for the radioactive waste management in the country. Its work relies extensively on the legal basis provided by several major laws (Waste Act of 1991 and the Planning Act of 2006), which shaped the main principles of the waste management strategy and determined the corresponding implementation tools. Andra's industrial activities are essentially based around three of its national disposal facilities. Two of these operational facilities, by their design and comprehensive monitoring system, are considered worldwide as solid and proven reference solutions for the concerned types of radioactive waste. Andra is also charged with designing a future deep geological repository for intermediate-level long-lived and high-level waste and researching potential management and disposal solutions for the graphite and radium-bearing waste. The purpose of this article is to update the information to the readers about the Cigeo geological disposal project for high-level radioactive waste in France (authors)

  19. 2002 summary of the report on studies and activities. Research on the Disposal of High-level Long-lived Radioactive Wastes; 2002 synthese du bilan des etudes et travaux. Recherches pour le stockage des dechets radioactifs haute activite et a vie longue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-01-01

    This synthesis presents the studies underway and the major results obtained in the framework of the second research area prescribed by the Law of 1991 (the feasibility study of a deep geological repository). It also clarifies the French and international contexts of that research, namely with regard to the development of scientific partnerships. Content: 1 - scientific knowledge gained in 2002: packages, materials evolution, works about the clayey environment, works about the granitic environment, modeling approach; 2 - the 2002 granite dossier: context and goals, content; 3 - the 2002 concept choices for the clayey environment: overall architecture, packages and storage cells for B-type wastes, packages and storage cells for C-type vitrified wastes, packages and storage cells for spent fuels; 4 - international context: IAEA, OECD/NEA, integrated group for the safety case (IGSC), forum for stakeholders confidence (FSC), working party on decommissioning and dismantling (WPDD), general direction of energy transport, general direction of research, status of partnerships and bilateral agreements, advance of research cooperations, European Union; 5 - ANDRA's participations to international meetings; 6 - scientific partnerships: Ecole des Mines, BRGM, GdR FORPRO, MoMas, CEA, IFP, PRACTIS, PARIS, 7 - information and evaluation: national commission of evaluation (CNE), scientific committee, permanent group, orientation and follow-up committee; 8 - ANDRA's theses; 9 - ANDRA's publications. (J.S.)

  20. Campaign to gather medical devices containing radium: results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pierre, J.P.; Vidal, J.P.; Martin, J.C.; Pasquier, J.L.

    2002-01-01

    Campaign to gather medical devices containing radium: results. On December 1, 1999, at the request of the French Health Ministry, OPRI and ANDRA launched a campaign to gather medical devices containing radium, formerly used in brachytherapy. This campaign addressed a public health issue because of the risks actually involved in a careless handling of these objects. Moreover the growing number of reported scattered radium medical devices in the last few years reinforced the necessity of the campaign. The gathering was initiated by a call of the owners (hospitals, caring centers, retired doctors or their heirs) to a toll free number. OPRI or ANDRA then appreciated the situation urgency. Priority was given to private people because most of them did not have suitable storage facilities. OPRI teams operated according a strict protocol guaranteeing their own safety, proper procedures and compliance with transport regulations for radioactive materials. 517 objects amounting to an activity of 1.32 x 10 11 Bq have been gathered in 90 operations. Properly packaged they were transported to and safely stored at the CEA Saclay site before their permanent storage in the ANDRA facilities. (author)

  1. Low-level radioactive waste management in France: two decades of experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marque, Y.

    1993-01-01

    Human activities generate wastes and these wastes have potential impacts on our environment and important implications for the twilight years of the twentieth century. Radioactive wastes, in particular, is a matter of considerable concern to the public, with emotional debate often clouding the legitimate need of the public for information for the subject. In France, the development of the nuclear power program and the widespread use of radioisotopes by the medical profession, industry and the research community called for a radioactive waste management program. In 1979, the French Government created ANDRA, the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, which has the complete responsibility for radioactive waste disposal, including design, siting, construction and operation of waste disposal facilities. In 1991, the Waste Law reaffirmed ANDRA's principle functions and created the National Waste Observatory within ANDRA, whose the mission is to establish and maintain a current inventory of all radioactive waste storage and disposal sites on French territory. The present paper describes the generation of short-lived waste in France, the french policy on short-lived waste disposal, operation and cancellation of Manche plant, design and construction of Aube plant

  2. 2002 summary of the report on studies and activities. Research on the Disposal of High-level Long-lived Radioactive Wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    This synthesis presents the studies underway and the major results obtained in the framework of the second research area prescribed by the Law of 1991 (the feasibility study of a deep geological repository). It also clarifies the French and international contexts of that research, namely with regard to the development of scientific partnerships. Content: 1 - scientific knowledge gained in 2002: packages, materials evolution, works about the clayey environment, works about the granitic environment, modeling approach; 2 - the 2002 granite dossier: context and goals, content; 3 - the 2002 concept choices for the clayey environment: overall architecture, packages and storage cells for B-type wastes, packages and storage cells for C-type vitrified wastes, packages and storage cells for spent fuels; 4 - international context: IAEA, OECD/NEA, integrated group for the safety case (IGSC), forum for stakeholders confidence (FSC), working party on decommissioning and dismantling (WPDD), general direction of energy transport, general direction of research, status of partnerships and bilateral agreements, advance of research cooperations, European Union; 5 - ANDRA's participations to international meetings; 6 - scientific partnerships: Ecole des Mines, BRGM, GdR FORPRO, MoMas, CEA, IFP, PRACTIS, PARIS, 7 - information and evaluation: national commission of evaluation (CNE), scientific committee, permanent group, orientation and follow-up committee; 8 - ANDRA's theses; 9 - ANDRA's publications. (J.S.)

  3. Examination of in-service risk management at the level of the draft project for Cigeo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This document reports the opinion of the IRSN on the issue of in-service risk management as it appears in the draft project of Cigeo. After having recalled the general context of the ASN request for this opinion, and presented the ANDRA file on in-service risk-management of the draft project for Cigeo, this report describes the underground installation and the different flows during the exploitation phase, and recalls the various evolutions of Cigeo general design from the 2009 file to the draft project. The next part reports the examination by the IRSN of the relevance of the in-service safety approach by the ANDRA. The next chapter reports the examination of the risk analysis made by the ANDRA on radioactive material dissemination, fire (protection measures, ventilation control, case of exothermal reactions), explosion, handling, co-activity, as well as ageing and maintenance of storage components, intervention in accidental and incidental situation and possibility of retrieval of waste packages

  4. Radioactive waste computerized management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Communaux, M.; Lantes, B.

    1993-01-01

    Since December 31, 1990, the management of the nuclear wastes for all the power stations has been computerized, using the DRA module of the Power Generation and Transmission Group's data processing master plan. So now EDF has a software package which centralizes all the data, enabling it to declare the characteristics of the nuclear wastes which are to be stored on the sites operated by the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA). Among other uses, this application makes it possible for EDF, by real time data exchange with ANDRA, to constitute an inventory of validated, shippable packs. It also constitutes a data base for all the wastes produced on the various sites. This application was developed to meet the following requirements: give the producers of radioactive waste a means to fully manage all the characteristics and materials that are necessary to condition their waste correctly; guarantee the traceability and safety of data and automatically assure the transmission of this data in real time between the producers and the ANDRA; give the Central Services of EDF an operation and statistical tool permitting an experienced feed-back based on the complete national production (single, centralized data base); and integrate the application within the products of the processing master plan in order to assure its maintenance and evolution

  5. French experience in design and construction of near-surface disposal facilities for low-level waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jousselin, D.; Medal, G.; Augustin, X.; Wavrechin, B. de

    1993-01-01

    France disposes of all radioactive waste produced on its territory. Short-lived waste (with a half-life shorter than 30 years) are disposed of, since 1969 on the 'La Manche' disposal facility (CSM 'Centre de La Manche'). As this center will be saturated in 1994, ANDRA (French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management) has undertaken in 1984 the studies and works necessary to the realization of a new disposal facility. TECHNICATOME was associated, since the beginning of those studies and was chosen by ANDRA as Prime Contractor for the new Radwaste Disposal Center. French conception was chosen by Spanish Authorities in 1987, ENRESA (Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radioactivos SA) selected the Cabril Site in the South of Spain as disposal of low and medium activity radwaste. TECHNICATOME was associated with this project, through a joint French-Spanish engineering team. Authority of North Carolina State (USA) decided in 1989 to build a low-level radioactive waste disposal facility and the contract has been awarded to CNSI (Chem Nuclear System Inc.) with a proposal based on the French experience. A french team ANDRA/TECHNICATOME/SGN is in charge of the design of the disposal facility

  6. Operational safety of geological disposal: IRSN project 'EXREV' for developing a safety assessment strategy for the operation and reversibility of a geological repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tichauer, M.; Pellegrini, D.; Serres, C.; Besnus, F.

    2014-01-01

    A high-level waste geological disposal facility is envisioned by the legislator in the French Planning Act no. 2006-739 of 28 June 2006. This act sets major milestones for the operator (Andra) in 2013 (public debate), 2015 (licensing) and 2025 (operation). In the framework of the regulatory review process, IRSN's mission is to conduct an assessment of the safety case provided by Andra at every stage of the process for the French regulator, namely the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN). In 2005, IRSN gathered more than twenty years of research and expertise in order to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the 'Dossier 2005' prepared by Andra, related to the feasibility of a geological disposal in the Callovo-Oxfordian clay formation. At this time, the description of the operational phase was only at a preliminary stage, but this step paved the way for developing an assessment strategy of the operational phase. In this perspective, IRSN set up the EXREV project in 2008 in order to build up a doctrine and to identify key safety issues to be dealt with. (authors)

  7. The technical and economical optimization of the French geological repository project - 59275

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raffard, Rodolphe; Labalette, Thibaud

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: The French Act of 28 June 2006 made the choice of reversible geological repository for long term management of high level and long-lived intermediate level waste. Andra is in charge of designing, building and operating the future industrial repository Cigeo. Current major issues consist in preparing the application to be examined in 2015, planning the construction so that operation would start in 2025 and optimizing the design on both technical and economical points of view. The Dossier 2005 -provided by Andra prior to the 2006 Act- established the feasibility of the project, especially towards compliance with safety and reversibility. Design options were presented at that time with the objective of demonstrating feasibility without ruling out possibilities of further optimization. Along with the scientific and technical review of Dossier 2005, a number of design optimization topics were identified in 2006. Working groups involved Andra's specialists as well as external experts. A particular attention was given to (i) the industrial experience of waste producers and (ii) the characteristics of the clay layer investigated in the Meuse/Haute-Marne Underground Research Laboratory. The 2006 optimization topics were prioritized taking into account their economical impact and the development plan of the project

  8. Advice relative to the examination of the 'clay 2005 file'; Avis relatif a l'examen du 'dossier 2005 argile'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    On request of the general director of the French nuclear safety and radiation protection institute (IRSN), the permanent group of experts for long duration waste disposal facilities has examined the 'clay 2005 file' made by the ANDRA and which aims at demonstrating the feasibility of a disposal facility for high level and long living rad-wastes in the argillite formation of the Bure site. The group of experts has examined in particular the critical safety aspects of such a facility and the identification and consideration of uncertainties by the ANDRA in its safety analysis. It has also identified the main additional research works that may be carried out to demonstrate the feasibility of an industrial implementation of a safe disposal facility in the same Callovo-Oxfordian argilite formation. This document is the favourable advice and the recommendations expressed by the group of experts after examination of the ANDRA's 'clay 2005 file'. (J.S.)

  9. 3D visualization of geo-scientific data for research and development purposes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mangeot, A.; Tabani, P.; Yven, B.; Dewonck, S.; Napier, B.; Waston, C.J.; Baker, G.R.; Shaw, R.P.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. In recent years national geoscience organizations have increasingly utilized 3D model data as an output to the stakeholder community. Advances in both software and hardware have led to an increasing use of 3D depictions of geoscience data alongside the standard 2D data formats such as maps and GIS data. By characterizing geoscience data in 3D, knowledge transfer between geo-scientists and stakeholders is improved as the mindset and thought processes are communicated more effectively in a 3D model than in a 2D flat file format. 3D models allow the user to understand the conceptual basis of the 2D data and aids the decision making process at local, regional and national scales. In April 29 2009 a Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between BGS and Andra in order to provide an improved mechanism for technical cooperation and collaboration in the Earth sciences. A specific agreement was signed the 1 December 2009 to evaluate the capacity of a 3D software called GeoVisionary to represent the Underground research Laboratory and its environment. GeoVisionary is the result of collaboration between Virtalis and the British Geological Survey. Combining a powerful data engine with a virtual geological tool-kit enables geo-scientists to visualize, analyze and share large datasets seamlessly in an immersive, real time environment A typical GeoVisionary environment contains one or more the following: 3D terrain files, Aerial photography, Bitmap overlays of specialized data, Vector shapes and outlines, 3D object Models. The key benefits are: Continuously stream geometry and photography in real time, Visualise 2D GIS data in immersive 3D stereo, Diverse datasets in a single environment, 'Fly' to any part of the data in seconds, Infinitely scalable, Prepare and evaluate before you begin fieldwork, Enhance team-working and increased efficiency of field operations, Clearer communication of results. Now, the 3D model has been

  10. Development and demonstration of prototype transportation equipment for emplacing HL vitrified waste canisters into small diameter bored horizontal disposal cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seidler, Wolf K.; Bosgiraud, Jean-Michel; Londe, Louis

    2008-01-01

    Over a period of 4 and years the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra), working with a variety of Contractors mostly specializing in nuclear orientated mechanical applications, successfully designed, fabricated and demonstrated 2 very different prototype high level waste transport systems. The first system, based on air cushion technology, was developed primarily for very heavy loads (17 to 45 tonnes). The results of this work are described in a separate presentation (Paper 21) at this Conference. The second system, developed by Andra within the framework of the ESDRED Project, generally referred to as the 'Pushing Robot System' for vitrified waste canisters, is the subject of this paper. The 'Pushing Robot System' is a part of the French national disposal concept that is described in Andra's 'Dossier 2005'. The latter is a public document that can be viewed on Andra's web site (www.andra.fr). The 'Pushing Robot System' system is designed for the deep geological disposal (in clay formations) of 'C' type vitrified waste canisters. In its entirety the system provides for the transport, emplacement and, if necessary, the retrieval of those canisters. Nothing in the design of the Andra emplacement equipment would preclude its utilization in horizontal openings in other types of geological settings. Over a period of some 8 years Andra has developed the 'Pushing Robot System' in 3 phases. Initially there was only the 'Conceptual Design' (Phase 1) which was incorporated in the Dossier 2005. This was followed by Phase 2 i.e. the design and fabrication of a simplified full scale prototype system henceforth referred to a P1, which includes a Pushing Robot, a Dummy Canister and a Test Bench. P1 details were also incorporated in the Dossier 2005. Finally, during Phase 3, a second more comprehensive full scale prototype system P2 has been designed and is being assembled and tested this month. This system includes a Transport Shuttle, a Transfer Shielding Cask, a

  11. Towards the licensing of the Geological Disposal: Illustration of the 2009-2010 intermediate milestone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boissier, Fabrice; Leverd, Pascal C.; Voinis, Sylvie; Tichauer, Michael

    2014-01-01

    France has a legal and institutional framework for the management of radioactive materials and waste. On June 28, 2006, the Planning Act No. 2006-739 of materials and radioactive waste management was enacted. This French Act mandates Andra (the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) to conduct studies and research required for the siting and design of a deep disposal facility for high or medium-and long-lived (ILW-LL-HA) radioactive waste in a geological formation, in view of submitting a request for authorization to create such a repository to be examined in 2015. According to French regulations, a creation decree will authorize both the construction of the facility and the nuclear operations to be performed. The commissioning of the repository needs then to be authorized by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) and at the due date of 2025, construction and equipment work shall be carried out concurrently with nuclear operations in the previously commissioned portions. In order to get all the authorizations, Andra will face a number of other external steps including the process of reviewing and evaluating the safety case by the regulatory authority and his technical safety organization (TSO), the Institute of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN). This step by step decision process involves the regulatory authority ASN, IRSN, at some stage the French standing committee in charge of facilities related to nuclear waste management 'GPD', and Andra. The Decree No. 2008-357 of 16 April 2008 made under that Act, sets out interim milestones before 2015, among which the delivery by Andra to the Ministers for Energy, Research and Environment by the end of 2009 of a record to take stock. That record included a share of studies on the design, the safety and the reversibility options, as well as the waste inventory to be disposed. In that frame, Andra sent to the ASN the so-called 'Dossier 2009'. That intermediate stage aimed at helping in building

  12. Cadarache LOR (liquides organiques radioactifs) treatment by a solidification process using NOCHAR polymers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vaudey, Claire-Emilie; Renou, Sebastien; Kelley, Dennis; Cochaud, Chantal; Serrano, Roger

    2013-01-01

    In France, two options can be considered to handle the Very Low Level Waste (VLLW) and the Low Level Waste (LLW). The first one is the incineration at CENTRACO facility and the second one is the disposal at ANDRA sites. The waste acceptance in these two channels is dependent upon the adequacy between the waste characteristics (physical chemistry and radiological) and the channel specifications. If the waste characteristics and the channel specifications (presence of significant quantities of halogens, complexing agents, organic components... or/and high activity limits) are incompatible, an alternative solution have to be identify. It consists of a waste pre-treatment process. For Cadarache LOR (Liquides Organiques Radioactifs) waste streams, two radioactive scintillation cocktails have to be treated. They are composed of a mix of organic liquids and water: for the first one, 19 % of organic compounds (xylene, mesitylene, diphenyloxazole, TBP...) and 86.9 % of water, and for the second one, 23 % of organic compounds (TBP...) and 77 % of water. They contain halogens (chlorine and fluorine), complexants agents (nitrate, sulphate, oxalate and formate) and have got αβγ spectra with mass activities equal to some 100 Bq/g. Therefore, tritium is also present. As a consequence, in order for storage acceptance at the ANDRA site, it is necessary to pre-treat the waste. An adequate solution seems to be a solidification process using NOCHAR polymers. Indeed, NOCHAR polymers correspond to an important variety of products applied to the treatment of radioactive aqueous and organic liquids (solvent, oil, solvent/oil mixing ...) and sludge through a mechanical and chemical solidification process. For Cadarache LOR, N910 and N960 respectively dedicated to the organic and aqueous liquids solidification are considered. With the N910, the organic waste solidification occurs in two steps. As the organic liquid travels moves through the polymer strands, the strands swell and

  13. NOCHAR Polymers: An Aqueous and Organic Liquid Solidification Process for Cadarache LOR (Liquides Organiques Radioactifs) - 13195

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vaudey, Claire-Emilie; Renou, Sebastien; Porco, Julien; Kelley, Dennis; Cochaud, Chantal; Serrano, Roger

    2013-01-01

    To handle the Very Low Level Waste (VLLW) and the Low Level Waste (LLW) in France, two options can be considered: the incineration at CENTRACO facility and the disposal facility on ANDRA sites. The waste acceptance in these radwaste routes is dependent upon the adequacy between the waste characteristics (physical chemistry and radiological) and the radwaste route specifications. If the waste characteristics are incompatible with the radwaste route specifications (presence of significant quantities of chlorine, fluorine, organic component etc or/and high activity limits), it is necessary to find an alternative solution that consists of a waste pre-treatment process. In the context of the problematic Cadarache LOR (Liquides Organiques Radioactifs) waste streams, two radioactive scintillation cocktails have to be treated. The first one is composed of organic liquids at 13.1 % (diphenyloxazol, mesitylene, TBP, xylene) and water at 86.9 %. The second one is composed of TBP at 8.6 % and water at 91.4 %. They contain chlorine, fluorine and sulphate and have got alpha/beta/gamma spectra with mass activities equal to some kBq.g -1 . Therefore, tritium is present and creates the second problematic waste stream. As a consequence, in order for disposal acceptance at the ANDRA site, it is necessary to pre-treat the waste. The NOCHAR polymers as an aqueous and organic liquid solidification process seem to be an adequate solution. Indeed, these polymers constitute an important variety of products applied to the treatment of radioactive aqueous and organic liquids (solvent, oil, solvent/oil mixing etc) and sludge through a mechanical and chemical solidification process. For Cadarache LOR, N910 and N960 respectively dedicated to the organic and aqueous liquids solidification are considered. With the N910, the organic waste solidification occurs in two steps. As the organic liquid travels moves through the polymer strands, the strands swell and immobilise the liquid. Then as the

  14. Safety of geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive waste in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    A major activity of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in the field of radioactive waste management is the organisation of independent, international peer reviews of national studies and projects. The peer reviews help national programmes assess accomplished work. The general comments expressed in these reviews are also of potential interest to other member countries. The French Government requested that the NEA organize an international peer review of the Dossier 2005 Argile produced by the National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (ANDRA). The scope and objectives of the review were laid out in the Terms of Reference (ToR). The peer review was to inform the French Government whether the Dossier 2005 Argile was: consistent with international practices and with other national disposal programmes, in particular those considering argillaceous formations, and whether the future research needs were consistent with the available knowledge basis and priorities well-identified. The French authorities were particularly interested in receiving detailed recommendations for specific improvements, notably if the decision-making process led to a site-selection phase. According to the ToR, the NEA Secretariat established an international review team (IRT) made up of ten international specialists, including one member of the NEA Secretariat. The experts were chosen to bring complementary expertise to the review. This report presents the consensus view of the IRT. It is based on the Dossier 2005 Argile and supporting documents, on information provided by ANDRA in answers to questions raised by the IRT, and on direct interactions with staff from ANDRA during two working seminars in France. (author)

  15. The French methodology for EBS confirmation and demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plas, F.; Voinis, S.; Mayer, S.

    2007-01-01

    The December 30, 1991 French Waste Act entrusted ANDRA, the French national agency for radioactive waste management, with the task of assessing the feasibility of deep geological disposal of high- and medium-level long-lived waste (HLW and ILW, respectively C-waste and B-waste types in French) plus spent fuel (CU in French). In that context, the 'Dossier 2005 Argile' submitted by ANDRA presents the feasibility assessment - with regard to the technical capacity to accommodate all wastes, to reversibility, and to safety - of a radioactive waste disposal in a clay formation studied at the Meuse/Haute-Marne URL. This report was built upon an iterative approach between site characterisation, design, modelling, phenomenological analysis and safety analysis, in which two principles always guided the elaboration of the safety case: the principle of robustness - repository components must maintain their functionality given reasonable solicitations, taking into account uncertainties on the nature and level of these solicitations; and the principle of demonstrability - safety must be verified without requiring complex demonstrations, and based on multiple lines of evidence/argument (numerical simulation, qualitative arguments such as use of natural analogues, experiments and technological demonstrators). In that respect, the EBS definition, demonstration and confirmation of design is a part of the overall safety case. The 'Dossier 2005 Argile' was submitted to three independent peer reviews. The aim. of this article is to present the methodology that ANDRA implemented in the context of 'Dossier 2005 Argile' for defining, demonstrating and confirming the EBS design as well as the future programme with respect with the new Act of 28 June 2006. (author)

  16. Contribution of natural tracers for understanding transfers through argillaceous formations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bensenouci, F.

    2010-01-01

    This study is part of a research programme conducted by IRSN on the safety of deep geological disposal of high level and intermediate long-lived radioactive wastes. It more especially concerns the geological medium considered as a full component of the multi-barrier concept proposed by Andra for a deep repository. Indeed, the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite of the Paris Basin, in the east of France, is being investigated by Andra as a potential host rock for this repository. Performance assessment of this natural barrier is based on the knowledge of its confinement properties and therefore on phenomena possibly involved in the mass transport of radionuclides. In this context, this work aimed at studying the distribution of tracers naturally present in pore waters obtained from boreholes having crossed Mesozoic sedimentary series involving impervious and compacted clay rocks in the East (Andra borehole, EST433) and south of France (IRSN boreholes). Radial diffusion and vapour exchange methods were used to calculate the concentrations and diffusion parameters of the studied tracers. In Tournemire formations, the different profiles describe a curved shapes attributed to a diffusive exchange between the argillite pore water and the surrounding aquifers. Concerning the Mesozoic formations crossed by EST433, the study of the different profiles confirms the diffusion as the dominant transport mechanism in the Callovo-Oxfordian formation, and permits identifying the transport processes in the whole studied column from the Oxfordian formations down to the Liassic one. This study also helps to identify the Liassic formations as a major source of salinity of the Dogger aquifer

  17. The HILW-LL (high- and intermediate-level waste, long-lived) disposal project: working toward building the Cigeo Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Labalette, Th.

    2011-01-01

    The French Act of 28 June 2006 identifies reversible disposal in deep geological facilities as the benchmark solution for long-term management of high-level waste (HLW) and for intermediate-level long-lived waste (ILW-LL). The Act tasks ANDRA (national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) with the pursuit of studies and research on the choice of a site and the design of the repository, with a view to examining the licence application in 2015 and, provided that the licence is granted, to make the facility operational by 2025. At the end of 2009, ANDRA submitted to the Government its proposals regarding the site and the design of the Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal, known as CIGEO. With the definition of a possible area for the construction of underground disposal facilities, one of the key stages in the project has been achieved. The choice of a surface site will be validated following the public consultation scheduled for the end of 2012. The project is now on the point of entering the definition stage (preliminary design). CIGEO will be a nuclear facility unlike any other. It will be built and operated for a period of over 100 years. For it to be successful, the project must meet certain requirements related to its integration in the local area, industrial planning, safety and reversibility, while also controlling costs. Reversibility is a very important concept that will be defined by law. It is ANDRA's responsibility to ensure that a reasonable balance is found between these different concerns. (author)

  18. The HILW-LL (high- and intermediate-level waste, long-lived) disposal project: working toward building the Cigeo Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal; Le projet HA-MAVL: vers la realisation du centre industriel de stockage geologique Cigeo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labalette, Th. [Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs - ANDRA, Dir. des Projets, 92 - Chatenay Malabry (France)

    2011-02-15

    The French Act of 28 June 2006 identifies reversible disposal in deep geological facilities as the benchmark solution for long-term management of high-level waste (HLW) and for intermediate-level long-lived waste (ILW-LL). The Act tasks ANDRA (national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) with the pursuit of studies and research on the choice of a site and the design of the repository, with a view to examining the licence application in 2015 and, provided that the licence is granted, to make the facility operational by 2025. At the end of 2009, ANDRA submitted to the Government its proposals regarding the site and the design of the Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal, known as CIGEO. With the definition of a possible area for the construction of underground disposal facilities, one of the key stages in the project has been achieved. The choice of a surface site will be validated following the public consultation scheduled for the end of 2012. The project is now on the point of entering the definition stage (preliminary design). CIGEO will be a nuclear facility unlike any other. It will be built and operated for a period of over 100 years. For it to be successful, the project must meet certain requirements related to its integration in the local area, industrial planning, safety and reversibility, while also controlling costs. Reversibility is a very important concept that will be defined by law. It is ANDRA's responsibility to ensure that a reasonable balance is found between these different concerns. (author)

  19. Governing through time: management of radioactive waste in France, organizational changes and the construction of irreversible technical solutions (1950-2014)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blanck, Julie

    2017-01-01

    In France, the problem of radioactive waste has been subjected to different solutions. In 1979, the storage of radioactive waste was entrusted to a specialized operator, the National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (Andra). Yet, through the course of its history, the Agency has faced many difficulties to implement its projects, which often came under strong public criticism. Still today, while its project of geological disposal is about to move into its industrial phase, the Andra is still widely criticized and serves as a crystallization point for power relationships in the nuclear sector. In order to retrace the evolution of French radioactive waste management since the 1950's, the archival and ethnographic study of the Andra's organizational work provides an insider perspective on how its agents have defined problems, as well as conceived and implemented solutions. Indeed, through this strategic and political work, they have frequently transformed the Agency to fit the progress of its projects. From an industrial subsidiary of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), the Agency was transformed into a finalized research agency, then again into an industrial operator in order to undertake to construction the geological disposal site. Through to these changes, actors have been able to revived criticized projects, without necessarily modifying their contents. In fact, it is not stability but organizational and institutional flexibility, which can account for the preservation of these controversial solutions. Lastly, the problem of radioactive waste crystallizes a multiplicity of temporal logics. The analysis of this work of temporalization, which can be seen as a particular kind of organization, questions the articulation between change and permanency of public action. As such, this study sheds light on the relation between dynamics of problem definition, the construction of irreversible technical solutions, and organizational and temporal work

  20. Safety case for license application for a final repository: The French example

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boissier, Fabrice; Voinis, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    The reversible repository in a deep geological formation is the French reference solution for the long-term management of high-level and intermediate-level long-lived radioactive waste (HLW and ILW). Twenty years of R and D work and conceptual and basic studies since the first French Act of 1991 led, in particular, to a feasibility demonstration in 2005. According to the French Act on Radioactive Waste of 28 of June 2006, Andra shall design a reversible repository in order to apply for license in 2015. In response to this demand, Andra developed the industrial project known as 'Cigeo', a reversible geological disposal facility for HLW and ILW located in Meuse/Haute-Marne. Two years before applying for authorisation, Andra's project is now focusing on three main targets: developing Cigeo's industrial design, preparing the authorisation process through increased exchanges with stakeholders and the preparation of a safety case to support authorisation application. The latter draws on the previous safety cases of 2005 and 2009, which give a sound basis to assess Cigeo's safety, both for the operational and post-closure periods. In this new stage of the project, the challenging issues for the preparation of the safety case are the following: - to identify the various regulatory frameworks (nuclear and non-nuclear) and guides applicable to the facility; - to ensure that the industrial design complies in particular with the safety requirements as presented in the safety case and its supporting safety assessment; - to identify crucial inputs (R and D, tests,...) needed to support the authorisation application, in particular, to bring convincing arguments to assess the technical feasibility of the design and when appropriate its ability to meet the safety requirements; - to ensure that all the requirements from previous regulatory and peer reviews (national and international?) are taken into account. (authors)

  1. Evaluation report no. 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-06-01

    The French national commission of evaluation was settled in 1994 when the survey work of the feasibility study for the disposal of radioactive wastes in the deep underground started up again. This document presents a mid-way evaluation of the progress of researches and includes also the main conclusions of the 1999-2000 audits. The content is presented as follows: 1 - the activities of the commission: activities during the 1999-2000 period (scientific audits, audit reports, study travel in Sweden and Finland), events in relation with the law, members of the commission; 2 - consequences of the recommendations of the commission: method of analysis, analysis of answers given by the law actors (modeling and numerical simulation, feasibility study for the recovery of conditioned calcinates and glasses, wastes toxicology, inventory, other actions); 3 - evaluation of the strategy and research programs: general considerations, 1999 acquired knowledge, comments, industrial strategy; 4 - methodology of the inventory of radioactive wastes: mission of the ANDRA, report provided by the ANDRA to the commission on May 4, 2000 (origin and classifying of wastes, inventory needs, foreign experience, principles of the proposed national inventory); 5 - researches on advanced separation and transmutation: chemical separations (1999 acquired knowledge, Puretex and Actinex programs, separation of long-life activation and fission products, pyro-chemistry, recommendations), transmutation and hybrid systems (1999-2000 knowledge, transmutation in critical reactors, basic research on hybrid systems, projects of hybrid system demonstrators, scenarios study), progresses made; 6 - researches for underground laboratories and geological disposal: research program at the Eastern site (ANDRA's planning, experimental program in underground laboratory, other associated researches), selection of granitic massifs prior to the dialogue, long-term behaviour of confinement matrices and containers, status

  2. Report preceding the public debate on the Cigeo project of deep geological storage of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This report first presents and comments the inventory made by the ANDRA of materials and wastes which are to be stored in the Cigeo deep geological storage. It highlights the transparency of the decision process related to this project (public debate, investigations and expertise), and also outlines the opinions of some local representatives and associations committed in environment protection regarding the project preparation. Five recommendations are then made by the High Committee for transparency and information on nuclear safety (HCTISN). Additional information is provided in appendix about the material inventory, about the history of the decision process, and also about meetings and hearings held by the High Committee

  3. Deep reversible storage - proposition of an area of interest for an extended survey and of surface implantation scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    This document first describes the approach taken for the selection of a site. It presents and discusses the implantation criteria with respect to geology and to long term safety, the technical criteria for a surface implantation (environmental and safety constraints, social and economical data, transport infrastructures). Then, it states the first propositions for different scenarios of surface and underground implantations. It gives an assessment of the dialog with local actors. It presents the ANDRA's proposition in terms of technical criteria, area of interest for an extended survey, and surface implantation scenarios to be investigated

  4. The different solutions for the waste storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fillion, E.

    2001-01-01

    Created in 1979, the National agency for the management of radioactive waste (A.N.D.R.A.) is a public establishment in charge of the management of radioactive waste produced in France. It is independent from waste producers and watches over the long term protection of man and his environment, at any step of radioactive waste management. It has for mission to check the waste quality and to conceive, to establish, to build and to manage storage centers where waste are stored according their characteristics. (N.C.)

  5. 2009 National inventory of radioactive material and wastes. Synthesis report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    Third edition of the ANDRA's national inventory report on radioactive wastes that are present on the French territory (as recorded until december, 2007). After a brief historical review of the national inventory and the way it is constructed, the report gives the basics on radioactive wastes, their classification, origins and management processes, followed by a general presentation and discussion of the inventory results (radioactive wastes and materials). Results are then detailed for the different activity sectors using radioactive materials (nuclear industry, medical domain, scientific research, conventional industry, Defense...). Information is also given concerning radioactive polluted areas (characterization and site management) and radioactive waste inventories in various foreign countries

  6. Nytt instrument vid CERN ger enorma datamängder

    CERN Multimedia

    Björck, Ingela

    2004-01-01

    "Upp till 100 gånger per sekund kommer det att skapas bilder av partikelkollisioner, bilder som var och en har innehåller 20 gånger mer data än det bästa en avancerad digitalkamera kan producera. Detta ska ske vid ett nytt instrument som just nu nu byggs vid CERN i Schweiz. Hur denna enorma datamängd ska analyseras är en utmaning för bland andra lundaforskaren Oxana Smirnova" (1 page)

  7. Radioactive waste packages stored at the Aube facility for low-intermediate activity wastes. A selective and controlled storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The waste package is the first barrier designed to protect the man and the environment from the radioactivity contained in wastes. Its design is thus particularly stringent and controlled. This brochure describes the different types of packages for low to intermediate activity wastes like those received and stored at the Aube facility, and also the system implemented by the ANDRA (the French national agency of radioactive wastes) and by waste producers to safely control each step of the design and fabrication of these packages. (J.S.)

  8. Låt inte gästen få sista ordet. : En kvalitativ studie om hur tjänsteföretag inom besöksnäringen arbetar och skulle kunna arbeta med Sociala medier, WOM och eWOM

    OpenAIRE

    Braunander, Joacim; Olofsson, Fredrik

    2015-01-01

    Internet har utvecklats snabbt de senaste åren och med utvecklingen har sociala medier blivit en stor del av Internet. Sociala medier innebär all form av kommunikation som sker på Internet så som exempelvis Tripadvisor, Facebook, Twitter, Booking.com eller Instagram. Konsumenter som väljer att kommentera upplevelser och produkter på sociala medier ökar. Enligt forskning så litar framtida konsumenter mer på andra konsumenters kommentarer än vad de litar på företagets marknadsföring över deras ...

  9. The dismantling of nuclear installations: The dismantling of nuclear installations at the CEA's Directorate for nuclear energy; The CEA's sanitation and dismantling works: example of one of the Marcoule UP1 program lots; Research and innovation in sanitation-dismantling; Global optimisation of the management of dismantling radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hauet, Jean-Pierre; Piketty, Laurence; Moitrier, Cyril; Blanchard, Samuel; Soulabaille, Yves; Georges, Christine; Dutzer, Michel; Legee, Frederic

    2016-01-01

    This publication proposes a set of four articles which addresses issues related to the dismantling of nuclear installations in France, notably for the different involved actors such as the CEA and the ANDRA. The authors more particularly address the issue and the general strategy of dismantling within the Directorate for nuclear energy of the CEA; comment the example of one of the Marcoule UP1 program lots to highlight sanitation and dismantling works performed by the CEA; discuss current research and innovation activities within the CEA regarding sanitation and dismantling; and comment how to globally optimise the management of radioactive wastes produced by dismantling activities

  10. Health literacy genom arbetsintegrerat lärande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Statens offentliga utredningar har föreslagit en strategi där målet var att stänga välfärdsgapet mellan romer och andra grupper. Detta påstås dock att skulle ta minst en generation, eller 20 år och är en satsning på landsbasis. I detta kapitel beskrivs ett projekt med samma målsättning, fastän på...... romers health literacy vilket fungerade som en katalysator för empowerment....

  11. Discrete geometry in honor of W. Kuperberg's 60th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Bezdek, Andras

    2003-01-01

    Transversal lines to lines and intervals, Jorge L. Arocha, Javier Bracho, and Luis Montejano; on a shortest path problem of G. Fejes, Toth Donald R. Baggett and Andras Bezdek; a short survey of (r,q)-structures, Vojtech Balint; lattice points on the boundary of the integer hull, Imre Barany and Karoly Boroczky, Jr; the Erdos-Szekeres problem for planar points in arbitrary position, Tibor Bisztriczky and Gabor Fejes Toth, separation in totally-sewn 4-polytopes, Tibor Bisztriczky and Deborah Oliveros, on a class of equifacetted polytopes, Gerd Blind and Roswitha Blind; chessboard Ramsey numbers,

  12. ”Ett vackert hem börjar med golvet” : Linoleummattan i Sverige under tidigt 1900- tal

    OpenAIRE

    Nordström, Frida

    2013-01-01

    Denna uppsats handlar hur samhällsströmningar i samhället under tidigt 1900-tal påverkade användningen av linoleum i hemmen och i arkitekturen i Sverige. Även utseendet på linoleummattor och tillverkningssätt undersöks. Undersökningen omfattar också den svenska linoleumtillverkaren Forshaga linoleum och andra typer av golvmattor som har tillverkats av dem.
 
 Linoleum uppfanns av Fredrick Walton på 1860-talet och hade sin storhetstid under de kommande 100 åren. Linoleum är tillv...

  13. CEA Annual progress report 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    This annual report presents the general organization of the CEA, the international relations and politics in nuclear field, the activities (military application, nuclear applied research, ANDRA (National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management), nuclear safety and protection, fundamental research, applied research other than nuclear), the industrial group; among topics about men and means, the budget execution of the public establishment of research. In annex, the nuclear power plants around the world and the principal legislative texts related to CEA or atomic energy published in 1986 [fr

  14. 2005 dossier: granite; Dossier 2005: granite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - advantage of granitic formations for the geologic disposal; 2 - containers; 3 - design study of a disposal facility in granitic environment; 4 - understanding and modelling of granite; 5 - description of disposal concepts in granitic environment; 6 - long-term and safety aspects; 7 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  15. Aube very low activity waste storage Centre. Annual report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a presentation of the ANDRA (the French national agency for radioactive waste management), its role and missions, its sites, its strategy with respect to a sustainable development, this report contains a description of waste storage installations and key figures of the activity in 2009 (origin and nature of very low activity wastes, brief description of the Aube centre installations, stored volumes, performed works). It describes arrangements related to security, safety and radioprotection, presents results of the radiological survey activity performed in the environment and on wastes, and activities related to public information

  16. Chronology of fluid paleo-circulations in mesozoic formations on the site of Bure by U/Pb dating of secondary calcites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pisapia, C.; Deschamps, P.; Hamelin, B.; Pisapia, C.; Buschaert, S.

    2009-01-01

    The French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes (ANDRA, Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs) has developed an underground research laboratory in mesozoic formations of the eastern Parisian Basin in order to test the design of radioactive waste storage site in sedimentary formations. The authors report an investigation which aims at understanding the site paleo-hydrology. This investigation is based on the disintegration chain of uranium and on U/Th and U/Pb dating methods, and aims at giving a precise chronology of the different phases of precipitation of centimetric and millimetric secondary calcites sampled on this site

  17. Assessment report no. 1 by the National Commission for assessment of researches and studies related to the management of radioactive materials and wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-06-01

    After a presentation of the main orientations of the Commission, this report describes the legal framework for the management of radioactive materials and wastes (long life high level and intermediate level wastes, other wastes, separation and transmutation, waste packaging), proposes an assessment of researches and studies coordinated by the ANDRA (on high and medium level wastes) and of those coordinated by the CEA (on separation and transmutation, on waste packaging and long term behaviour). It gives an overview of recent international developments in the field of nuclear waste storage (in Sweden, Finland, United-Kingdom, Canada, United States, and Belgium)

  18. Spatial and temporal variations of wave height in shelf seas around India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; Anoop, T.R.

    Science20; 87-92. Dee DP, Uppala SM, Simmons AJ, Berrisford P, Poli P, Kobayashi S, Andrae U, Balmaseda MA, Balsamo G, Bauer P, Bechtold P, Beljaars ACM, van de Berg L, Bidlot J, Bormann N, Delsol C, Dragani R, Fuentes M, Geer AJ, Haimberger L, Healy SB..., Hersbach H, Hólm EV, Isaksen L, Kållberg P, Köhler M, Matricardi M, McNally AP, Monge-Sanz BM, Morcrette J-J, Park B-K, Peubey C, de Rosnay P, Tavolato C, Thépaut J-N, Vitart F (2011) The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data...

  19. Making radioactive wastes governable. Deep storage challenged by reversibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonnot, Francois-Michel; Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Aparicio, Luis; Barthe, Yannick; Cezanne-Bert, Pierrick; Chateauraynaud, Francis

    2010-09-01

    This book addresses the principle of reversibility in the field of radioactive waste management. The first contribution discusses the political qualities of technologies and analyses the different action modes associated with the different proposed management solutions (it shows that different decision models and safety approaches are associated with different technical arrangements). The second contribution comments the present posture of the ANDRA regarding the project of creation of a reversible deep storage centre, and proposes a definition of reversibility which relates scientific and technique development and decision process. The third contribution comments the results of a study on arguments about the notion of reversibility in France

  20. Commissioning of the very low level radioactive waste disposal facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-08-01

    This press kit presents the solution retained by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) for the management of very low level radioactive wastes. These wastes mainly come from the dismantling of decommissioned nuclear facilities and also from other industries (chemical, metal and other industries). The storage concept is a sub-surface disposal facility (Morvilliers center, Aube) with a clay barrier and a synthetic membrane system. The regulatory framework, and the details of the licensing, of the commissioning and of the environment monitoring are recalled. The detailed planing of the project and some exploitation data are given. (J.S.)

  1. Att vara "container" för patienten : En studie om hur sjukhuskuratorer upplever att de påverkas av det patientnära arbetet

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Oskar; Holmstedt, Markus

    2015-01-01

    Sjukhuskuratorer har samtal med patienter som lider till exempel av depression, ångest eller andra besvär orsakade av psykosociala faktorer så som stress, livskriser eller alkohol. I denna studie ställdes frågan vilka effekter det patientnära arbetet kan ha för sjukhuskuratorn. Syftet var att utifrån ett emotionsteoretiskt perspektiv undersöka hur sjukhuskuratorer upplever att de påverkas av det patientnära arbetet. I studien ställdes frågan vad sjukhuskuratorer upplever att det patientnära a...

  2. Preliminary opinion on the authorization file on water dismissal and drawing by the Aube storage centre. Study performed by the CRIIRAD laboratory on the request by the CEDRA and with the financial support of the Champagne-Ardenne regional Council

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-06-01

    This document reports a critical analysis of the public inquiry file presented by the ANDRA to support its authorization requests of water releases and drawing about the Aube storage centre. After some generalities about this storage site, the report outlines that this site releases contaminated effluents in the storm basin without any authorization. It also outlines uncertainties in the radionuclide inventory. Then it describes and reports the liquid effluent management and characterization, formulates some remarks about liquid and atmospheric dismissal authorization requests, and about the dose assessment for residents (radiation level, exposure due to waste transport)

  3. The Meuse-Haute Marne underground research laboratory. A scientific research tool for the study of deep geologic disposal of radioactive wastes; Le Laboratoire de Recherche souterrain de Meuse/Haute-Marne. Un outil de recherche scientifique pour etudier le stockage geologique profond de dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The Meuse-Haute Marne underground research laboratory, is an essential scientific tool for the achievement of one of the ANDRA's mission defined in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991 about the long-term management of high-level and long-living radioactive wastes. This document presents this laboratory: site characterization, characteristics of the Callovo-Oxfordian clay, and laboratory creation, coordinated experiments carried out at the surface and in depth, and the results obtained (published in an exhaustive way in the 'Clay 2005' dossier). (J.S.)

  4. The Manche Storage Centre: 2009 annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes), this report presents the CSM installations (CSM stands for Centre de Stockage de la Manche, the Manche storage centre), recalls results and actions in the field of nuclear safety and in the field of radioprotection. It indicates incidents and accidents which occurred in the installations, presents data about the Centre's releases. It presents the waste management and evokes other pollution. It indicates the various actions undertaken for information transparency

  5. Herrens röst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2015-01-01

    Om språket är gränsen mellan djur och människor, vad innebär det när hundar talar? I filmen Upp pratar de animerade hundarna, men med sin husses röst. Lilian Munk Rösing ser filmen i sällskap av bland andra Jacques Lacan, Slavoj Žižek och Renata Salecl och finner en röst utan kropp, en kropp besj...

  6. Aube's very-low-level waste storage Center. Annual report 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    After a presentation of the ANDRA (the French national Agency for radioactive waste management), its missions, its facilities, and its financing, this report reviews the activity of the very-low-activity level waste storage centre located in the boroughs of Morvilliers and La Chaise in the Aube district (France), the operation of which started in 2003. It briefly specifies the waste types and origins, its facilities, its operation data for 2008. It describes its safety, security, and radioprotection installations and actions, its environment monitoring activity, its actions for information transparency

  7. Mõned sammud 2007. aasta eesti luule platool / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti luulest. Käsitlemist leiavad järgmised autorid ja nende teosed: Eeva Park "Tulearm", Maarja Kangro "Tule mu koopasse, mateeria", Katrin Väli "Neli", Andra Teede "Saage üle", Merca "Narrivile", Doris Kareva "Lõige", Martin Oja "Pärastlõuna platoo", Kivisildnik "Torti ja aborti", Kivisildnik "Sumo", Timo Maran "Metsa pööramine", Lemming Nagel "Tahtetuse triumf", Aare Pilv "Näoline", Igor Kotjuh "Teises keeles", Urmo Mets "Toimumata tulvade toimik", Neeme Põder "Kaktuste puiestee", Maria Lee "Äramõte"

  8. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Helme, Peeter. Varastatud aja lõpus. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Jõerüüt, Jaak. Kõik luuletused. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2011 ; Kareva, Doris. Sa pole üksi. Tallinn : Verb, 2011 ; Paju, Imbi. Soome lahe õed : vaadates teiste valu. Tallinn : Hea lugu, 2011 ; Pervik, Aino. Matlena teekond. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2010 ; Raud, Rein. Hotell Amalfi. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Sommer, Lauri. Räestu raamat. Tallinn : Menu Kirjastus, 2012 ; Kasemaa. Andrus. Leskede kadunud maailm. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Teede, Andra. Käigud. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011

  9. 2005 dossier: granite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - advantage of granitic formations for the geologic disposal; 2 - containers; 3 - design study of a disposal facility in granitic environment; 4 - understanding and modelling of granite; 5 - description of disposal concepts in granitic environment; 6 - long-term and safety aspects; 7 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  10. The Aube Center evaluation 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    During the meeting of the information local commission, organized the 7 may 2003, the ANDRA took stock on the Aube Center activities during the year 2002. These activities presented in the document concern: the stability of the wastes packages, the personnel safety, the environmental survey, the authorizations of releases, the public information, some data on the exploitation the environment and the radiation protection and a presentation of the storage Center of Morvilliers devoted to the storage of low activity wastes. (A.L.B.)

  11. The national plan of radioactive materials and wastes management. ASN's notice about the choice of the sites to be investigated in view of the setting up of a disposal facility for low activity/long living wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-07-01

    This short presentation, given by the national safety authority (ASN) at the meeting of July 1, 2009 of the high committee for the nuclear safety transparency and information (HCTISN), presents, first, the second French national plan of radioactive materials and wastes management (PNGMDR) with its main priorities, and then, the choice of the sites to survey in view of the setting up of a disposal facility for low level/long living wastes. The ASN expresses its opinion about the criteria retained by the ANDRA (the national agency of radioactive waste management) to select the most suitable sites. (J.S.)

  12. Utveckling av examination av examensarbeten på kandidatnivå

    OpenAIRE

    Trofast, Tobias; Haugum, Dag; Lundberg, Jonas; Nygren, Victoria; Nyström, Tommie; Svensson, Gary; Thunborg, Maria; Törnqvist, Tomas

    2012-01-01

    Detta paper beskriver arbetet med att utveckla en modell för utveckling av examination av examensarbeten på kandidatnivå (UEX) vid Institutionen för Teknik och Naturvetenskap, Linköpings Universitet under läsåret 2010-2011. Modellen har utvecklats och testats vid utbildningsprogrammet Grafisk Design och Kommunikation (GDK), men med syfte att kunna appliceras även på andra kandidatprograms examensarbete. Det projektet prövat är om man kan höja kvaliteten på examensarbeten och effektiviteten i ...

  13. Coupling methodology within the software platform alliances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montarnal, Ph; Deville, E; Adam, E; Bengaouer, A [CEA Saclay, Dept. de Modelisation des Systemes et Structures 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Dimier, A; Gaombalet, J; Loth, L [Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs (ANDRA), 92 - Chatenay Malabry (France); Chavant, C [Electricite de France (EDF), 92 - Clamart (France)

    2005-07-01

    CEA, ANDRA and EDF are jointly developing the software platform ALLIANCES which aim is to produce a tool for the simulation of nuclear waste storage and disposal repository. This type of simulations deals with highly coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical and chemical (T-H-M-C) processes. A key objective of Alliances is to give the capability for coupling algorithms development between existing codes. The aim of this paper is to present coupling methodology use in the context of this software platform. (author)

  14. Coupling methodology within the software platform alliances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montarnal, Ph.; Deville, E.; Adam, E.; Bengaouer, A.; Dimier, A.; Gaombalet, J.; Loth, L.; Chavant, C.

    2005-01-01

    CEA, ANDRA and EDF are jointly developing the software platform ALLIANCES which aim is to produce a tool for the simulation of nuclear waste storage and disposal repository. This type of simulations deals with highly coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical and chemical (T-H-M-C) processes. A key objective of Alliances is to give the capability for coupling algorithms development between existing codes. The aim of this paper is to present coupling methodology use in the context of this software platform. (author)

  15. Commissioning of the very low level radioactive waste disposal facility; Mise en service du Centre de stockage de dechets de tres faible activite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-08-01

    This press kit presents the solution retained by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) for the management of very low level radioactive wastes. These wastes mainly come from the dismantling of decommissioned nuclear facilities and also from other industries (chemical, metal and other industries). The storage concept is a sub-surface disposal facility (Morvilliers center, Aube) with a clay barrier and a synthetic membrane system. The regulatory framework, and the details of the licensing, of the commissioning and of the environment monitoring are recalled. The detailed planing of the project and some exploitation data are given. (J.S.)

  16. Radioactive waste packages stored at the Aube facility for low-intermediate activity wastes. A selective and controlled storage; Les colis de dechets radioactifs stockes au centre de stockage FMA de l'Aube. Une stockage selectif et maitrise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The waste package is the first barrier designed to protect the man and the environment from the radioactivity contained in wastes. Its design is thus particularly stringent and controlled. This brochure describes the different types of packages for low to intermediate activity wastes like those received and stored at the Aube facility, and also the system implemented by the ANDRA (the French national agency of radioactive wastes) and by waste producers to safely control each step of the design and fabrication of these packages. (J.S.)

  17. Experience stemming from the management of a low and medium activity waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faisantieu, D.; Bendejac, R.

    1985-01-01

    Since November 1979, STMI has been in charge of CM management on behalf of ANDRA. Lessons drawn from more than 4 years of operations noticeable for the constant increase of waste volume and a large evolution of storage prescriptions decided by safety authorities, are very numerous. They mostly deal with the structure of the operating team and its health physics, as well as design and planning of storage installations. This experience allows STMI to look forward an evolution of storage practices aiming at improving altogether the safety of radioactivity confinement, the physical and radiological protection of workers and the economic conditions of waste storage [fr

  18. File: the management of radioactive waste, the state of research at the beginning of 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bataille, Ch.; Le Bars, Y.; Canvel, A.; Niezborala, J.M.; Lebon, P.; Baetsle, L.H.; Bernard, P.; Boidron, M.; Boullis, B.; Thomas, J.B.; Minon, J.P.; Viala, M.; Floderer, Ch.; Maurin, T.; Seaborn, B.; Iracane, D.; Atabek, R.M.; Tissot, B.; Portal, R.; Brigaud, O.; Raimbault, Ph.; Riotte, H.; Rivasi, M.; Gornet, Y.

    2000-01-01

    On voting on the 30. of december 1991 a law relative to the research on high activity and long life wastes, the French Parliament has created a frame to succeed at middle term, to put in its place one or several ways of management for this kind of wastes. A date has been chosen, 2006, to take stock of the situation on the progress of researches started by the Cea and A.N.D.R.A. according to three directions defined by the law: separation and transmutation, reversible or irreversible geological storage and long time temporary storage. (N.C.)

  19. Hydrogen modelling for vitrified wastes repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voinis, S.; Breton, J.

    1992-01-01

    Safety assessments for High Level Wastes (HLW) have led ANDRA (Agence Nationale pour la gestion des Dechets Radioactifs) to study the occurrence of a gas production rate in a repository. This paper deals with the description of an analytical model used for the gas production rate assessment and brings us the first results. The geometry used is restrained to a single borehole associated with a drift in a crystalline formation. Different concepts were studied in this assessment. First results have been obtained. For example, in the case of a permeable plug, the saturation time of the borehole is about 300 years. 5 refs., 5 figs

  20. Underground storage. Study of radwaste storage in deep geological formations: environmental protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoorelbeke, J.M.

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of the Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs (Andra) is to monitor the management methods and storage of radioactive waste produced in France. The agency has this undertaken a vast study program for the evaluation of the management conditions of long-life radwaste, which cannot be stored indefinitely in shallow-ground repositories. Underground laboratories are investigating the feasibility of a possible solution which is to store radwaste in a deep geological layer. However, there will be no decision on this type of storage before the year 2006. 7 figs

  1. Experience stemming from the management of a low and medium activity waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faisantieu, D.; Bendejac, R.

    1986-01-01

    Since November 1979, STMI has been in charge of CM management on behalf of ANDRA. Lessons drawn from more than 4 years of operations noticeable for the constant increase of waste volume and a large evolution of storage prescriptions decided by safety authorities, are very numerous. They mostly deal with the structure of the operating team and its health physics, as well as design and planning of storage installations. This experience allows STMI to look forward an evolution of storage practices aiming at improving altogether the safety of radioactivity confinement, the physical and radiological protection of workers and the economic conditions of waste storage [fr

  2. Management and storage of radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faussat, A.

    1995-01-01

    Management of radioactive waste is a matter of public concern. Such management, however, is today handled industrially in France, and when these techniques are well applied, its is possible to create storage centres. Waste having a short half-life is now stored in the Centre de l'Aube, which replaces the one begun in 1969 in the Department de la Manche. For waste with a long half-life, following the law passed in 1991, ANDRA is pursuing its programme of site prospecting to establish two underground laboratories for studying geological storage. (author). 2 figs., 1 tab

  3. Shallow land disposal, the french system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barthoux, A.; Marque, Y.

    1986-01-01

    Since 1969, low and medium activity waste are disposed of in France at the Centre Manche. The management system set up covers the whole of the operations, from the sorting of the wastes and their conditioning to the final disposal. Safety standards and technical issues were found satisfactory by the National Safety Authority and they are the basis of the program for the realization of two new disposal sites which should take over from the Centre Manche loaded towards 1990. ANDRA, a National Agency, is responsible for the long term management of radioactive waste, in France [fr

  4. Environmental and sanitary evaluation of electro-nuclear sites: methodological research and application to prospective scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-12-01

    In the framework of the radioactive wastes disposal of the law of 1991, an exchange forum constituted by ANDRA, CEA, COGEMA, EdF, Framatome-ANP and IRSN implemented an environmental and sanitary evaluation of the different methods of radioactive wastes management. This report presents the six studies scenarios, the proposed methodology, the application to the six scenarios and the analysis of the results which showed the efficiency of the different recycling options towards the electronuclear cycle impacts limitation, and a technical conclusion illustrated by improvement possibilities of the methodology. (A.L.B.)

  5. Blockkedjeteknik

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Kim

    2017-01-01

    Blockkedjan, tekniken bakom Bitcoin och populariserad i dess introduktion, fungerar som en distribuerad databas och en publik huvudbok för transaktioner. Blockkedjetek-niken har även andra implementeringar och användningsområden än endast Bitcoin. Syftet med arbetet är att beskriva blockkedjetekniken och några typiska blockkedjetilllämpningar. I detta arbete presenteras blockkedjans struktur och säkerhet, publika, privata och tillståndsbelagda blockkedjor samt bevis på arbete, bevis på andel ...

  6. African-American English i direkt anföring : Etta James självbiografi översatt till svenska – att anpassa översättningen efter en varietet som inte har någon motsvarighet på svenska

    OpenAIRE

    Anteryd, Linn

    2015-01-01

    Detta examensarbete är indelat i tre delar. Examensarbetet består av en översättning av tre kapitel ur Etta James självbiografi Rage to survive: the Etta James story skriven av James och spökförfattaren David Ritz, samt ett kapitel om vilka textspecifika översättningsproblem som uppstod vid översättningen. Den tredje delen består av en djupanalys av hur varieteten African-American English (AAE) översatts i två andra verk, nämligen I know why the caged bird sings av Maya Angelou och The bluest...

  7. The Meuse-Haute Marne underground research laboratory. A scientific research tool for the study of deep geologic disposal of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The Meuse-Haute Marne underground research laboratory, is an essential scientific tool for the achievement of one of the ANDRA's mission defined in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991 about the long-term management of high-level and long-living radioactive wastes. This document presents this laboratory: site characterization, characteristics of the Callovo-Oxfordian clay, and laboratory creation, coordinated experiments carried out at the surface and in depth, and the results obtained (published in an exhaustive way in the 'Clay 2005' dossier). (J.S.)

  8. Experimental study and modelling of physico-chemical mechanisms of clay-concrete interactions in the radioactive waste geological disposal context

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dauzeres, A.

    2010-09-01

    These research works are carried out as part of the radioactive wastes geological disposal feasibility study. The current option developed by Andra, includes several cementitious materials in contact with the surrounding Callovo-Oxfordian (COX) (an argillite). Concretes and argillite present very different pore solutions (ionic concentrations and pH). Controlled by the concentrations differences, the aqueous species diffusion in the solids generates chemical and physical disturbances. This study is based on experimental, analytical and numerical works, in order to identify the mechanisms controlling the clayey environment influence on cementitious materials. (author)

  9. Parliamentary office of scientific and technological choices evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bataille, Ch.; Birraux, C.; Revol, H.

    2005-03-01

    This eighth report of the Parliamentary Office concerns a particularly period, beginning of 2005, which marks the end of the 15 years devoted to the research on radioactive wastes storage (law of 30 december 1991). The authors present a synthesis of the researches progress and a political analysis of the following actions to the 30 december 1991 law, in two main chapters: separation and transmutation of radioactive wastes for 2040, feasibility in France of a deep geological storage between 2020 and 2025, feasibility of a long time disposal, researches options after 2020, the policy conclusions, the financing and the ANDRA position. (A.L.B.)

  10. Scenarios used for the evaluations of the safety of a site for adioactive waste disposal in deep geologic formations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escalier des Orres, P.; Devillers, C.; Cernes, A.

    1989-11-01

    The selection and qualification procedure of a site for radioactive wastes disposal in a deep geologic formation, has begun in France in the early eighties. The public authorities, on ANDRA's proposal, has preselected in 1987 four sites, each of them coppresponding to a type, of geologic formations (granite, clay, salt and shale). Within two years, one of these sites will be chosen for the location of an undergound laboratory. The safety analysis for the site's qualification uses evolution scenarios of the repository and its environment, chosen according to a deterministic method. With an appropriate detail level, are defined a reference scenario and scenario with random events [fr

  11. Identification of scenarios in the safety assessment of a deep geological site for radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escalier des Orres, P.; Devillers, C.; Cernes, A.

    1990-01-01

    The selection and qualification procedure of a site for radioactive wastes disposal in a deep geologic formation, has begun in France in the early eighties. The public authorities, on ANDRA's proposal, has preselected in 1987 four sites, each of them corresponding to a type of geologic formations (granite, clay, salt and shale). Within two years, one of these sites will be chosen for the location of an underground laboratory. The safety analysis for the site's qualification uses evolution scenarios of the repository and its environment, chosen according to a deterministic method. With an appropriate detail level, are defined a reference scenario and scenario with random events. 4 refs., 1 tab [fr

  12. 2009 National inventory of radioactive material and wastes. Geographical inventory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    A geographical inventory of the radioactive wastes present on the French territory (as recorded until the 31 of december, 2007) is presented, region by region. The various types of waste sites (production, processing, conditioning and storage sites, Uranium mines, ANDRA storage centers, historical storage sites and polluted sites where wastes are stored) are listed and located on maps. Details are given on the nature and origin of these wastes (nuclear industry, medical domain, scientific research, conventional industry, Defense...). A total of 1121 sites have been recorded, among which 163 are presented with details and charts

  13. French nuclear industry exportations: companies and organisations, achievements and projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faudon, V.; Pailler, S.; Miniere, D.; Pouget-Abadie, X.; Journes, F.; Ouali, F.; Brochard, D.; Choho, T.; Lagarde, D.; Anglaret, P.; Kottman, G.; Mockly, D.; Ouzounian, G.; Cordier, P.Y.; Prenez, J.C.; Arpino, J.M.; Jaouen, C.; Jolly, B.

    2013-01-01

    This document gathers a series of short articles in which the following players: French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN), Electricity of France (EdF), French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), AREVA, ALSTOM, the Association of French Nuclear Industry Exporters (AIFEN), the National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) and the French Society of Nuclear Energy (SFEN) present their competencies in their respective fields and their strategies and commercial offers for exports. 2 articles are dedicated to the achievements of the French nuclear industry in China and another details the cooperation between SFEN and its foreign counterparts. Another article briefly presents the EPR and ATMEA reactors. (A.C.)

  14. Being an expert

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brechet, Y.; Musseau, O.; Bruna, G.; Sperandio, M.; Roulleaux-Dugage, M.; Andrieux, S.; Metteau, L.

    2014-01-01

    This series of short articles are dedicated to the role of the expert in the enterprise. There is an important difference between a scientific counsellor and an expert, the expert, recognized by his peers, can speak publicly in his field of expertise but has a duty of transparency while the job of a scientific counsellor requires confidentiality. The making and the use of an expert in an enterprise requires a dedicated organization. The organization of the expertise in 5 enterprises in nuclear industry are considered: CEA (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission), IRSN (Institute of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety), AREVA, ANDRA (National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) and EDF (Electricity of France)

  15. In the heart of rock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    This educational document gives a presentation of the Andra underground research laboratory of Bure (Haute-Marne and Meuse, France) devoted to the study of the underground disposal of radioactive wastes. The document is presented in the form of a comics. It describes the geological setting of the laboratory, located in the eastern edge of the Paris basin, the properties of the Callovian-Oxfordian clay layer, the digging of the boreholes and galleries, the mine-by test and its instrumentation, the backfilling and sealing of the galleries and the reversibility of the burial of radioactive waste containers. (J.S.)

  16. Alpha waste management at the Valduc Research Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jouan, A.; Cartier, R.; Durec, J.P.; Flament, T.

    1995-01-01

    Operation of the reprocessing facilities at the Valduc Research Center of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) generates waste with a variety of characteristics. The waste compatible with surface storage requirements is transferred to the French Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA); rest is reprocessed under a program which enables storage in compliance with the requirements of permits issued by safety Authorities. The waste reprocessing program provides for the construction of an incinerator capable of handling nearly all of the combustible waste generated by the Center and vitrification facility for treating liquid waste generated by the plutonium handling plant. (authors)

  17. Elukestva õppe strateegia / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo

    2001-01-01

    Haridusministeeriumi eestvõttel on alustatud diskussioone Eestile elukestva õppe strateegia koostamiseks. Moodustatud komisjonis on juhtiv koht on koolitusfirmade assotsiatsiooni Andras juhatuse esimehel prof. T. Märjal ja prof. Ü. Vooglaiul. Komisjoni koosseisu kuuluvad veel: Eesti Vabaharidusliidu juhatuse esimees I. Eesmaa, Kõrgema Kommertskooli õppetoolijuhataja T. Elenurm, TPÜ akadeemiline prorektor L. Jõgi, Mainori Majanduskooli rektor P. Kross, haridusministeeriumi täiskasvanuhariduse talituse juhataja T. Ots, koolitusfirma Invicta juhatuse esimees M. Pärjamäe, Rocca al Mare Kooli juhataja H. Tamjärv, Viljandi Kultuurikolledži prof. R. Valgma jt.

  18. Development and assessment of a fiber reinforced HPC container for radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roulet, A.; Pineau, F.; Chanut, S.; Thibaux, Th.

    2007-01-01

    As part of its research into solutions for concrete disposal containers for long-lived radioactive waste, Andra defined requirements for high-performance concretes with enhanced porosity, diffusion, and permeability characteristics. It is the starting point for further research into severe conditions of containment and durability. To meet these objectives, Eiffage TP consequently developed a highly fibered High Performance Concrete (HPC) design mix using CEM V cement and silica fume. Then, mockups were produced to characterize the performance various concepts of containers with this new concrete mix. These mockups helped to identify possible manufacturing problems, and particularly the risk of cracking due to restrained shrinkage. (authors)

  19. Gerard Larguier, Artist, France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larguier, Gerard

    2015-01-01

    Since 1994, the French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (Andra) has been pursuing a study of collective memory, based on its experience with the Manche disposal facility. In 2010 - in response to the project Centre industriel de stockage geologique (Cigeo), its concomitant need to preserve collective memory of the site for at least 500 years, and public demand - Andra launched an initiative to ensure that future generations do not forget about the existence of radioactive waste disposal facilities. Pursuing its investigations in this area, Andra has led theoretical enquiries that consider art as a possible vehicle of collective memory. Memory is often found between parentheses that do not overload the spirit but enclose it in rules that facilitate forgetting... which is a vanity of the present moment. The past must always have the role of providing future ferment. And then the transfer occurs that can open up to history. Born in 1938, Gerard Larguier began working in 1956 with the renowned poster artist Paul Colin of Nancy before going on to study at the Beaux-Arts in Paris and Academie Julian. He has worked at his studio in the Bateau Lavoir in Paris since 1979 as well as Bonnet's former presbytery in the Meuse since 1973. Using both materials and relief, he has exhibited his artwork at leading institutions around the world. Since 1998, he has taken up the theme of memory in his works 'Chronique du XXeme siecle', 'Autodafes et palimpsestes' and his series 'A saute-souvenances'. He has also tackled the evolution of artwork over the centuries in a series of fifty works entitled 'Les chefs-d'oeuvre revisites'. In 2008, Gerard Larguier completed a fresco commissioned by Andra on the local heritage and environment of the Bure Laboratory. In 2010, the municipality of Soulaines d'Huys commissioned a fresco of the history of the town from the sixteenth century to the present using the archives of

  20. Deliberated opinion of the Environment Authority concerning the prior definition of the Cigeo project, industrial centre of deep reversible storage of radioactive wastes in Meuse/Haute-Marne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This document first describes the project and its context: history and legal framework, types of wastes dedicated to Cigeo, definition of the warehousing, storage, notions of reversibility and retrievability, project location, program for the installation, transport of wastes to Cigeo. It describes the associated administrative procedures: creation authorization request, and other procedures including an impact study. It recalls the questions asked by the ANDRA and gives the corresponding answers. These questions concern the perimeter of the impact study to be performed, dates and modalities of submission to the Environment Authority, scenarios to be presented in the impact study, definition of impact study areas, and impacts after installation closure

  1. Nr 251 - Report on the behalf of the Commission of finances, general economy and budget control on the finance bill project for 2013. Appendix Nr 13: ecology, sustainable development and planning, risk prevention, management and steering of policies of ecology, energy, sustainable development and sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eckert, Christian; Mariton, Herve

    2012-01-01

    After having indicated some key figures (public finances and budgets awarded to different involved institutions and agencies), this report comments and discusses the various challenges and financial aspects regarding risk prevention: evolution of endowments in 2013, action in the field of prevention of technological risks and pollutions, issue of nuclear safety after the Fukushima accident (actions undertaken by the ASN, IRSN and ANDRA), assessment of the implementation of the PPRN (plan of prevention of natural risks) and management of flood risks, management of the after-mine period. The second part discusses the management and steering of policies of ecology, energy, sustainable development and sea in a context of decreased endowments

  2. In the heart of rock; Au coeur de la roche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    This educational document gives a presentation of the Andra underground research laboratory of Bure (Haute-Marne and Meuse, France) devoted to the study of the underground disposal of radioactive wastes. The document is presented in the form of a comics. It describes the geological setting of the laboratory, located in the eastern edge of the Paris basin, the properties of the Callovian-Oxfordian clay layer, the digging of the boreholes and galleries, the mine-by test and its instrumentation, the backfilling and sealing of the galleries and the reversibility of the burial of radioactive waste containers. (J.S.)

  3. Decommissioning of the vitrification cell of the Piver plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jouan, A.; Deschaud, C.; Scelo, G.

    1993-02-01

    This report may be considered as a testament following the decommissioning of the PIVER cell. After a brief historical review, it describes the organization and logistics set up to complete the dismantling work. The conditioning methods in packages, drums, shells or ANDRA waste containers are also described together with the problems that arose during the operation. The final decontamination status of the cell is then specified. The report also describes some Research and Development work conducted using more sophisticated decontamination processes. The cost of the project is discussed, together with a critical review of the overall PIVER decommissioning program

  4. The Aube low- and medium activity waste storage Centre. 2009 annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the ANDRA (the French national agency for the management of radioactive wastes), this report presents the Aube storage Centre installations and main results for the year 2009. It describes the various measures implemented and obtained results in terms of nuclear safety and of radioprotection. It indicates the different incidents which occurred in these installations in 2009, presents the activities in the field of control of the environment and of the releases. It describes how wastes are managed and actions undertaken for information transparency

  5. Parliamentary office of scientific and technological choices evaluation; Office parlementaire d'evaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Ch.; Birraux, C.; Revol, H

    2005-03-01

    This eighth report of the Parliamentary Office concerns a particularly period, beginning of 2005, which marks the end of the 15 years devoted to the research on radioactive wastes storage (law of 30 december 1991). The authors present a synthesis of the researches progress and a political analysis of the following actions to the 30 december 1991 law, in two main chapters: separation and transmutation of radioactive wastes for 2040, feasibility in France of a deep geological storage between 2020 and 2025, feasibility of a long time disposal, researches options after 2020, the policy conclusions, the financing and the ANDRA position. (A.L.B.)

  6. The role of research in the radioactive waste management policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacq, Francois

    2006-01-01

    The author offered an institutional perspective, by drawing on the experience of Andra the implementing agency in France. His presentation addressed the role of research. Research is an asset, for policy, but science does not necessarily impose 'truth' or consensus in society. Research considered as an essential component of RWM projects, it is not with the objective of imposing solutions, but rather to provide quality responses that provide us with flexibility. The example was provided of reversibility, as a feature considered in some repository concepts. Reflecting on the discussions of the role of R and D in building public confidence, he noted that there is a long-term involvement of science and research in implementation in radioactive waste programs. The presentation emphasized the need for sharing amongst science and society. A viable and robust system is required to connect science and social environments. The process through which science and society collaboratively review research is also important. In this regard, adoption of 'stretching' to consider issues and research questions from many perspectives is key. Scientific proof is necessary, but there is also need to question how research is conducted. The presentation continued with observations from the experience of Andra, regarding the processes followed within the institution for setting directions, organizing and executing research

  7. Prototype of source package to dispose of in the Aube repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robbe, Marie-France; Vincon, Eric; Coutaud, Jean-Luc; Crabol, Bernard; Martin, Vincent

    2003-01-01

    The Aube facility managed by the ANDRA is a surface repository devoted to the disposal of low and medium-level radwastes. An agreement is under negotiation between the CEA and the ANDRA to dispose of some low-level short-lived spent sources in the Aube facility. The source package is based on an existing grouted package. As sources are small objects, a frame of distribution was designed to guarantee the final distribution of sources in the grouted package. To demonstrate the feasibility of the source package and to ensure that this package won't threaten the global safety of the Aube facility, the Safety Authorities required the constitution of a prototype of 995 sources. As the CEA collected thousands of sources up to now to abide by its legislative obligations of source maker, the sources to introduce in the package have to be identified and picked up among the stock of spent sources stored at the CEA. This paper describes the design of the packing, the tests of grouting to carry out on a test package, and the identification and sorting of the sources to introduce in the prototype. (author)

  8. IRSN-ANCCLI partnership. Technical dialogue HLW and ILW - Reversibility - Resources - April 2014

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castel, C.; Sene, M.; Gueritte, M.; Hoorelbeke, J.M.; Boissier, F.; Besnus, F.; Matray, J.M.; Serres, Ch.; Fleury, J.M.; Boissavy, Christian

    2014-04-01

    Power Point presentations proposed by members of the ASN, IRSN, ANDRA or local information commissions (CLI) first address some generalities regarding the Cigeo project of disposal of high-level and intermediate level long-lived radioactive wastes: history and next steps of the information file for the Cigeo projects, points of view on the conclusions of the public debate on Cigeo and of the citizen conference. A set of contributions addresses the issues of reversibility and recoverability: activities performed by a work-group on reversibility, opinion of the ANDRA on reversibility, opinion of the IRSN. A contribution addresses the issues on potential energy resources, and two contributions address the issue of lack of resources: social and economic aspects and exploitability on a short term of geological identified resources, opinion of the IRSN on the geothermal resource. A last set of contributions deals with the disposal safety regarding intrusion (IRSN approach to expertise the risk of intrusion for the disposal, intrusion scenarios taken into account by the ASN)

  9. ALLIANCES: simulation platform for radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deville, E.; Montarnal, Ph.; Loth, L.; Chavant, C.

    2009-01-01

    CEA, ANDRA and EDF are jointly developing the software platform ALLIANCES whose aim is to produce a tool for the simulation of nuclear waste storage and disposal. This type of simulations deals with highly coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical and radioactive (T-H-M-C-R) processes. ALLIANCES' aim is to accumulate within the same simulation environment the already acquired knowledge and to gradually integrate new knowledge. The current version of ALLIANCES contains the following modules: - Hydraulics and reactive transport in unsaturated and saturated media; - Multi-phase flow; - Mechanical thermal-hydraulics; - Thermo-Aeraulics; - Chemistry/Transport coupling in saturated media; - Alteration of waste package coupled with the environment; - Sensitivity analysis tools. The next releases will include more physical phenomena like: reactive transport in unsaturated flow and multicomponent multiphase flow; incorporation of responses surfaces in sensitivity analysis tools; integration of parallel numerical codes for flow and transport. Since the distribution of the first release of ALLIANCES (December 2003), the platform was used by ANDRA for his safety simulation program and by CEA for reactive transport simulations (migration of uranium in a soil, diffusion of different reactive species on laboratory samples, glass/iron/clay interaction). (authors)

  10. Feasibility studies for alpha waste disposal on geological formations in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaouen, C.; Boulanger, A.

    1985-01-01

    Since 1977, SGN has been involved in many feasibility studies and consultant works in the fields of HLW storages. Starting as nuclear consultant company in the KBS review of the long term storage of HLW, SGN and Geostock were entrusted in 1978 by the EEC for the basic design and evaluation of the deep storage into granite rock of HLW, followed by a participation in the thermal sensitivity study of such a storage. The cooperation with Geostock was first extended in 1981 to a preliminary study of HLW storage conditions in granite for a Japanese company, and then in France for several feasibility studies of HLW and TRU waste geological disposal. Three kinds of scenarios have been forecasted and evaluated in the case of vitrified HLW storage, allowing the thermal power to be decreased and the whole management scheme to be optimized. More recently, SGN participation to French engineering studies has been extended by ANDRA to the TRU waste repository evaluation. All these works for French authorities have been performed in a close connection with several specialized departments in the CEA group, and with the help of geological specialists, under the leadership of ANDRA [fr

  11. A multi-packer completion to measure hydraulic heads in a lightly fractured area in the Oxfordian limestone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scholz, E.; Cruchaudet, M.; Delay, J.; Piedevache, M.

    2010-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. Andra has designed a new type of borehole completion in order to monitor simultaneously hydraulic heads. This completion is installed in a 420 m deep borehole drilled in the Oxfordian limestone formation. The borehole is located in the South-West of Andra's Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in a lightly fractured area. The multi-packer completion is built and installed by Solexperts. This device is composed of five measurement intervals isolated with rubber expandable packers and supported by stainless steel tubing. The packers are inflated with water at a pressure of 10 bars above the water pressure at that depth. Each measurement interval comprises an interval module embedding a pressure / temperature gauge connected to the interval through a filter. The gauges are connected through one cable to a data acquisition system on surface. This completion is removable. The packers can be deflated and the completion can be installed in another borehole. The packers are positioned in the EST461 borehole according to the caliper logging and the results of permeability tests. The hydraulic head measurements are compared with the local rainfall. Interval 1 (the deepest) shows a stable hydraulic head whereas intervals 2 to 5 show hydraulic head variations. The amplitude of the hydraulic head variations are closely related to the interval depth: the deepest the interval, the lowest the hydraulic head variation. Hydraulic heads in intervals 4 and 5 are similar. These intervals are probably connected. (authors)

  12. Development plan. High activity-long living wastes project. Abstract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    This brochure presents the actions that the ANDRA (the French national agency of radioactive wastes) has to implement in the framework of the project of high activity-long living (HALL) radioactive wastes (HAVL project) conformably to the requirements of the program defined in the law from June 28, 2006 (law no 2006-739). This law precises the three, complementary, research paths to explore for the management of this type of wastes: separation and transmutation of long-living radioactive elements, reversible disposal in deep geologic underground, and long duration storage. The ANDRA's action concerns the geologic disposal aspect. The following points are presented: the HALL wastes and their containers, the reversible disposal procedure, the HAVL project: financing of researches, storage concepts, development plan of the project (dynamics, information and dialogue approach, input data, main steps, schedule); the nine programs of the HAVL project (laboratory experiments and demonstration tests, surface survey, scientific program, simulation program, surface engineering studies and technological tests, information and communication program, program of environment and facilities surface observation and monitoring, waste packages management, monitoring and transport program, disposal program); the five transverse technical and scientific activities (safety, reversibility, cost, health and occupational safety, impact study). (J.S.)

  13. IRSN-ANCCLI partnership. Two days for more information on nuclear wastes - April 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El Jammal, Marie-Helene; Tichauer, Michael; Pellegrini, Delphine; Lehtonen, Markku; Sene, Monique; Mays, Claire; Tallec, Michele; GILLOIRE, Christine; Chantrenne, Nicolas; Bernet, Claude; Castel, Cecile

    2013-04-01

    During the first day, the contributions addressed the issue of radioactive wastes. These contributions (Power Point presentations) addressed the following topics: discussion of the IRSN opinion survey and perception of radioactive wastes in France, a retrospective of radioactive waste management in France, the inventory of radioactive wastes in France, an international overview of the management of the different wastes (high-level, intermediate-level, long-lived wastes, so on), the different sites of radioactive waste disposal, the on-site warehousing of wastes, the Cigeo project for the storage of high-level and intermediate-level long-lived wastes (location, sizing, principle, handling operations, waste routing, reversibility, authorization process), presentation of the activities of the Cigeo work-group. A paper proposes a synthesis of discussions. The second day addressed the Cigeo project information files: opinion of the ASN in 2006 on researches related to high level and long life waste management, the main safety challenges of the Cigeo project as they are perceived and analysed by the IRSN when informing the ANDRA files (risks in operation phase, IRSN opinion on ANDRA's answers). The activities of the GPMDR (Permanent Group on Radioactive Materials and Wastes) about the Cigeo project are then debated. A synthesis of discussion is proposed

  14. The Cigeo project - Industrial centre of deep reversible storage of radioactive wastes in Meuse/Haute-Marne - the commissioner's file. Public debate from the 15 May to the 15 October 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Gonnot, Francois-Michel

    2013-02-01

    After a brief presentation of the ANDRA, this report discusses the issue of radioactive wastes (where they come from, what they are, how they are managed, which wastes are to be stored in Cigeo, the foreseen waste volumes, where high activity and medium-activity long-life wastes are waiting to be stored there). It explains how and why the solution of a deep geological storage was adopted: various solutions studied during 15 years, research results and their assessment, public debate over the 2005-2006 period, storage location choice and additional researches according to the law of the 28 June 2006, situation in other countries. It explains the choice of the location (geological characteristics) and describes how Cigeo will operate (installations, construction, transport of waste parcels, exploitation, and closing). It addresses the safety issues: during exploitation and after closing, safety controls, radiological impact, storage and environment survey, storage memory keeping and transmission. It gives an overview of studies which have been performed by the ANDRA on deep storage, and indicates how these researches have been assessed. The next parts address the issues of governance and reversibility, the local economic and social impact of the Cigeo project, and the project planning (financing and assessed cost, time planning)

  15. Example of a quality control operation performed on a nuclear reactor waste package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nouguier, H.; Nomine, J.S.; Vaunois, P.

    1983-01-01

    The need has emerged to secure the possibility of the spot sampling and inspection of a package, in the production line or on its arrival at the disposal center. This external inspection (or superinspection) has a threefold objective: to check the conformity of the package and of all its components with the mechanical, chemical and radiochemical specifications; to ensure, by thorough inspection, that the product is similar to the product which was characterized and qualified, and which secured ANDRA's approval of the process; and, through the detection of any variations and discrepancies, to advise the process promoter and the research laboratories, so as to improve the process, the product and the specifications. This paper describes an operation of this type conducted in 1982 by ANDRA, with the help of the CEA's laboratories and technical units, on low and medium-level waste packages produced by an industrial installation in an EDF nuclear power plant. The following are described: dismantling and sampling methods implemented, means employed, and the specific characteristics tested and the first results obtained

  16. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: architecture and management of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - Approach of the study: main steps since the December 30, 1991 law, ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formations; 2 - high-level and long-lived (HLLL) wastes: production scenarios, waste categories, inventory model; 3 - disposal facility design in granitic environment: definition of the geologic disposal functions, the granitic material, general facility design options; 4 - general architecture of a disposal facility in granitic environment: surface facilities, underground facilities, disposal process, operational safety; 5 - B-type wastes disposal area: primary containers of B-type wastes, safety options, concrete containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the B-type wastes disposal area, disposal process and feasibility aspects, functions of disposal components with time; 6 - C-type wastes disposal area: C-type wastes primary containers, safety options, super-containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the C-type wastes disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 7 - spent fuels disposal area: spent fuel assemblies, safety options, spent fuel containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the spent fuel disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 8 - conclusions: suitability of the architecture with various types of French granites, strong design, reversibility taken into consideration. (J.S.)

  17. The french low-level waste disposal site 'Centre de l'Aube'. A ten years process, from geological concept to waste deliveries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernique, J.C.

    1993-01-01

    The 'Centre de la Manche', first French low-level waste disposal site opened in 1969 and will enter the institutional control period around 1994. A creation process for a new disposal was initiated in 1981 when ANDRA prepared a general radioactive waste management Program and presented it to the High Council for Nuclear Safety and Information. After acceptance of the Program, a national site screening was made, based on a conceptual geological model designed from the experience. In 1984, the Minister of Industry announced the pre-selection of 3 counties out of the inventory for preliminary studies that allowed to select l' Aube as a potential site for the new French disposal 'Centre de l'Aube'. The different steps of the process and procedure that brought to the acceptance of the first packages in January 1992 is presented in the paper, as well as the experience recently gained since that date. This additional know-how and expertise is made available by Andra through agreements already existing with various Countries like, among others, Spain, the United States, and Mexico

  18. Feasibility studies for alpha waste disposal on geological formations in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaouen, C.; Boulanger, A.

    1986-01-01

    Since 1977, SGN has been involved in many feasibility studies and consultant works in the fields of HLW storages. Starting as nuclear consultant company in the KBS review of the long term storage of HLW, SGN and GEOSTOCK were entrusted in 1978 by the EEC for the basic design and evaluation of the deep storage into granite rock of HLW, followed by a participation in the thermal sensitivity study of such a storage. The cooperation with GEOSTOCK was first extended in 1981 to a preliminary study of HLW storage conditions in granite for a Japanese company, and then in France for several feasibility studies of HLW and TRU waste geological disposal. Three kinds of scenarios have been forecasted and evaluated in the case of vitrified HLW storage, allowing the thermal power to be decreased and the whole management scheme to be optimized. More recently, SGN participation to French engineering studies has been extended by ANDRA to the TRU waste repository evaluation. All these works for French authorities have been performed in a close connection with several specialized departments in the CEA group, and with the help of geological specialists, under the leadership of ANDRA [fr

  19. How a regulator is preparing for reviewing a license application file: The case of ASN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanguy, Loic

    2014-01-01

    The French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) is an independent administrative authority. It prepares regulation pertaining to the management of radioactive waste, monitors the control of safety of basic nuclear installations that produce or treat waste or are involved in their disposal and performs inspections of waste producers (EDF, AREVA, CEA, hospitals, research centres, etc.) and Andra, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency. It regulates the overall system set up by Andra for accepting waste from producers and assesses waste management policy and the practices of radioactive waste producers. It reviews license applications and authorises commissioning of nuclear installations. In order to review technical documents, ASN benefits from the expertise of technical support organisations. The French Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) is the main such organisation. ASN has been making efforts to diversify its experts for several years. In preparing its decisions, ASN also calls on the opinions and recommendations of seven Advisory Committees of Experts (GPE), with expert knowledge in the areas of waste, nuclear pressure equipment, medical exposure, non-medical radiation protection, reactors, transport, and laboratories and nuclear plants. ASN consults the GPEs in preparing its main decisions. In particular, they review the preliminary, provisional and final safety analysis reports for each nuclear installation. They can also be consulted about changes in regulations or doctrine. (authors)

  20. Development plan. High activity-long living wastes project. Abstract; Plan de developpement. Projet HAVL. Resume

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This brochure presents the actions that the ANDRA (the French national agency of radioactive wastes) has to implement in the framework of the project of high activity-long living (HALL) radioactive wastes (HAVL project) conformably to the requirements of the program defined in the law from June 28, 2006 (law no 2006-739). This law precises the three, complementary, research paths to explore for the management of this type of wastes: separation and transmutation of long-living radioactive elements, reversible disposal in deep geologic underground, and long duration storage. The ANDRA's action concerns the geologic disposal aspect. The following points are presented: the HALL wastes and their containers, the reversible disposal procedure, the HAVL project: financing of researches, storage concepts, development plan of the project (dynamics, information and dialogue approach, input data, main steps, schedule); the nine programs of the HAVL project (laboratory experiments and demonstration tests, surface survey, scientific program, simulation program, surface engineering studies and technological tests, information and communication program, program of environment and facilities surface observation and monitoring, waste packages management, monitoring and transport program, disposal program); the five transverse technical and scientific activities (safety, reversibility, cost, health and occupational safety, impact study). (J.S.)

  1. Storage of solid tritiated waste for which there is no management solution; L'entreposage des dechets solides trities sans filiere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fromonot, C.; Rancher, J. [CEA Bruyeres-le-Chatel, Dir. des applications militaires, 91 (France); Douche, Ch.; Guetat, Ph. [CEA Valduc, Dir. des applications militaires, 21 - Is-sur-Tille (France)

    2011-02-15

    In France, radioactive waste that contains tritium, the radioactive isotope of hydrogen, is produced by the CEA as part of its research and development activities, especially for military applications. There is currently no definitive disposal solution for this waste, so it is processed and packaged and then kept in interim storage at Valduc and Marcoule. Furthermore, industrial companies and medical and pharmaceutical research laboratories use tritium - or have done so in the past - for a number of applications which have led to the production of tritiated waste, a small amount of which is still awaiting a disposal solution. Lastly, beginning in the 2020 years, the ITER power plant will also generate tritiated waste and become the largest source of its production. 6 categories of tritiated waste have been defined. Only the very lowest concentrations of tritiated waste can be dealt with by the processing and disposal solutions currently available. This means CENTRACO, where very low-level tritiated waste can be incinerated or melted, and ANDRA repositories, where the acceptance criteria are very strict, making it very uncommon for them to be used for tritiated waste. This situation is a result of the characteristics of tritium and the history of the Aube repository. The proposed solution is based on a temporary storage (50 years) of tritiated waste near the production zone that will allow a natural diminution of the radioactivity and then the packages will be moved to future storing centers of ANDRA that will be built to receive tritiated wastes

  2. Deep disposal of long-lived radioactive waste in France: The volunteering approach in site selection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raynal, M.; Barber, P.

    1995-01-01

    The French Waste Act of December 1991 set up important dispositions among which the deep disposal of long-lived waste should be evaluated before 2006. ANDRA, the French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management, is particularly responsible for the siting, the construction and the operation of underground laboratories designed to study potential geologic host-formations for deep disposal. An open decision-making process started up in 1992, specially to restore the public confidence after strong contest in the early 1990. The mission of negotiation conducted in 1993 all over the country by the appointed Member of Parliament, Mr. Bataille, allowed volunteer candidates for the siting surveyed by ANDRA in 1994 and 1995. Four areas are presently under characterization investigations, proceeding with the first phase of the underground laboratory program with the objective of choosing two sites for two underground laboratories. France is now entering a new and very important phase on the long path towards the creation of an underground repository where public's understanding and acceptance is an important part of the overall process as it is shown in this paper

  3. COGEMA experience on retrieving and conditioning solid radwaste previously stored in pits. The La Hague North-West pit case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodin, F.; Alexandre, D.; Fournier, P.

    1999-01-01

    Short lived, low and medium level waste called 'technological waste' produced by the La Hague Reprocessing Plant have been stored in the La Hague North-West concrete-lined pits until implementation at ANDRA's Centre de Stockage de la Manche (CSM). COGEMA decided to retrieve and condition 11,000 m 3 of humid solid radwaste, stored in bulk in pits. On account of the variety of radwaste kinds, retrieving and conditioning operations represented real challenge. One goal of these operations was to ensure that the work was performed in complete safety towards environment with optimum containment and with the best radiation protection for the personnel involved. COGEMA decided to split the work into two phases. The feedback from the first phase was very helpful to the second phase. This report describes the experience gained from February 1990 to December 1998, taking into account radwaste and integrated dose rate results conditioning such waste. The procedures and means used and improved by COGEMA to comply with ANDRA's storage standards and the ever-decreasing financial costs generated by the workers, allowed to retrieve and condition 11,000 m 3 of old solid radwaste with competitive costs and in complete safety and protection of the environment. (author)

  4. Radioactive wastes. The groundwork of current solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grevoz, A.; Boullis, B.; Devezeaux de Lavergne, J.G.; Butez, M.; Bordier, G.; Vitart, X.; Hablot, I.; Chastagnet, F.

    2005-01-01

    Today the groundwork laid down by research has made processes available for the durable treatment and conditioning of all types of radioactive waste. This document illustrates the today situations in five presentations. Now standing as a national reference, the french inventory of radioactive waste, drawn up by ANDRA, has not only expanded to cover recoverable material but also features predictions of waste arisings for 2010 and 2020, including waste from the decommissioning of current installations. The current process used for spent fuel reprocessing allows extraction for recycling purpose, of uranium and plutonium, with very high recovery and purification rates. Advances in characterization and decontamination allow improvements in sorting and retrieval and conditioning to be considered for older wastes. The french National radioactive waste management agency (ANDRA) is already providing optimum industrial solutions for all short-lived, low and very low level waste on its Soulaines and Morvillers sites. For several decades, Areva has been reprocessing spent fuel and conditioning ultimate waste in its La Hague plants. (A.L.B.)

  5. Nuclear power plants waste management practices in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matsuda, Fumio

    1998-01-01

    This survey offers a complete review concerning the nuclear power plants waste management in France from generation to disposal, as well as future evolutions. Fundamental Safety Rule specified by the government defines safety objectives, design bases for surface disposals and preliminary terms for acceptance of waste packages on the surface disposal site. A governmental decree authorizes the creation of CSA (Centre de Stockage de l'Aude; French surface repository), and defines the limits of radiological inventory of the disposal facility. The national waste agency ANDRA was established in 1979 by government (turned into public in 1991), and ANDRA defines the technical specifications involving acceptance criteria of the waste packages. The main feature of the French management includes; Comprehensive quality assurance program that encompasses all area of the management. Centralized installation for the melting of contaminated scrap metals and incineration of low level technological wastes. Mobile unit for common treatment of ion exchange resin. Concrete package assuring the long term containment. Complete tracking system of wastes from generation to disposal. This survey would be useful in the consideration of Japanese waste management including miscellaneous wastes, high βγ wastes, large metallic wastes, etc. (author)

  6. European Program 'EVEREST'. Evaluation of the elements producing the effective doses associated to a radioactive waste disposal in deep underground geological formations. Comparative study of the results obtained by IPSN concerning the sedimentary and granite formations; Programme europeen 'EVEREST'. Evaluation des elements responsables des doses efficaces associees a un stockage de dechets radioactifs en formations geologiques profondes. Etude comparative des resultats obtenus par l'IPSN concernant les formations sedimentaire et granitique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baudoin, Patrick; Serres, Christophe; Certes Catherine [Departement d' evaluation de surete, Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, CEA Centre d' Etudes de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France)

    1996-09-01

    The European exercise EVEREST that was run from 1991 to 1995 was a means of training for IPSN, having in view the expertise studies of ANDRA on the safety of radioactive waste geological disposal. The exercise implied two fictitious waste disposal sites, one inside a granite massif and the other in a clay formation, and had as principal objective identification and establishing a hierarchy of the radiological risk parameters important after the disposal closing. The study has considered the most likely scenario for evolution of the geological environment. As computing tools three codes were utilized: MELODIE, assuming a continuous 2D water flow and transfer of radionuclides from waste disposal to biosphere; TRISEC, assuming a continuous 3D water flow and NEWSAM, assuming a transient water flow in a multi-shell geometry. Results for the water circulation in different geological environment as well as the flux curves of soluble radionuclides are presented. Twenty seven radionuclides were retained as important by their radiological impact in assessing the influential EVEREST parameters. The EVEREST exercise does not prove the feasibility of a given geological disposal. It only contributes to the comprehension of the mechanisms controlling the radionuclide migration and gives a hierarchy of the questions which IPSN must answer in approaching the safety demonstrations required by ANDRA.

  7. The stakes in managing radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boissier, F.

    2012-01-01

    Like any human activity, the nuclear industry produces wastes. The wastes containing radioactive substances have to be managed as a function of the related risks. Nowadays, 1.300.000 tons of radioactive wastes have accumulated in France. More than 90% of them have short half-lives and are stored on the ground by ANDRA (national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) on 2 sites in the Aube district. ANDRA also designs solutions for stocking the other wastes. Those with long half-lives and very high activity will be stored deep underground (500 meter deep) at Cigeo in the Meuse and Haute-Marne districts. The wastes with long half-lives but low activity (less than 10 5 decays/s for graphite and less than a few thousands decays/s for radium contaminated wastes) will be disposed in a specific way. Implementing a storage solution for each type of waste is necessary for the nuclear industry's sustainability, but it does not dispense the latter from pursuing its efforts to reduce the quantity and danger of the wastes produced. This holds in particular for the so-called 'fourth generation' of future installations. It is important to take stock of all the issues related to managing nuclear wastes

  8. Information report issued by application of the article 145 of the Regulation by the mission of information on the management of radioactive materials and wastes on the behalf of the Commission on sustainable development and land planning - Nr 1218

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bouillon, Christophe; Aubert, Julien

    2013-01-01

    This report first proposes a review of the issue of radioactive wastes in France: classification criteria, relationship between dangerousness and activity level, annual stock of radioactive wastes and materials in France, perspectives on a medium term in relationship with the evolution of the energy mix structure, a complex institutional system with different actors (Parliament, radioactive waste producers, the national agency for radioactive waste management - ANDRA, bodies and institutions in charge of regulation and control such as the ASN and the IRSN, but also NGOs and local information commissions). The next part addresses the issue of deep geological disposal of medium-activity long-life and high-activity wastes: international recommendations and solutions, other storage options (in sea or in space, sub-surface warehousing, and research on separation-transmutation), the choice made in time by France from the law of 1991 to the debate on the construction of Cigeo (the industrial centre for geological disposal). The last part addresses some questions which are still to be answered. They concern the Cigeo project (its costs, its reversibility, its integration within a land planning project), the governance and missions of the ANDRA, a better taking into account of all kinds of radioactive wastes (notably the mining wastes) and the idea of the introduction of a dangerousness threshold

  9. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: Granite. Tome evolution phenomenologique du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  10. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: architecture and management of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: granite. Tome architecture et gestion du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - Approach of the study: main steps since the December 30, 1991 law, ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formations; 2 - high-level and long-lived (HLLL) wastes: production scenarios, waste categories, inventory model; 3 - disposal facility design in granitic environment: definition of the geologic disposal functions, the granitic material, general facility design options; 4 - general architecture of a disposal facility in granitic environment: surface facilities, underground facilities, disposal process, operational safety; 5 - B-type wastes disposal area: primary containers of B-type wastes, safety options, concrete containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the B-type wastes disposal area, disposal process and feasibility aspects, functions of disposal components with time; 6 - C-type wastes disposal area: C-type wastes primary containers, safety options, super-containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the C-type wastes disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 7 - spent fuels disposal area: spent fuel assemblies, safety options, spent fuel containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the spent fuel disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 8 - conclusions: suitability of the architecture with various types of French granites, strong design, reversibility taken into consideration. (J.S.)

  11. Installation of a radioactive waste disposal facility. The necessity of building up durable links between the general public and radioactive waste. Feedback from experience in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comte, Annabelle; Farin, Sebastien

    2015-01-01

    2013 has been a banner year for Andra with widespread discussions on the question of long-term management of radioactive waste: a nationwide public discussion about the planned Cigeo deep disposal facility has been organized and national discussions on the energy source transition had inevitably brought up the question of what to do with future radioactive waste to be produced under the various scenarios put forward. In spite of an open institutional framework, with numerous legal provisions for citizen participation, 2013 showed that creation of a radioactive waste disposal facility is not, and cannot be, a question dealt with like breaking news, within a given temporal or spatial perimeter. Any attempts to bring up the subject under the spotlight of public scrutiny inevitably shift the discussions away from their central theme and abandon the underlying question - what should be done with the existing radioactive waste and the waste that is bound to be produced? - to move on to the other major question: ''Should we stop using nuclear power or not?'', which takes us away from our responsibilities towards future generations. Daring to face the question, anchor it in citizen discussions, and create awareness of our duties towards coming generations: this is the challenge that Andra had already set itself several years ago. Our position is a strong one; rather than seeking to mask the problem of radioactive waste, we must face up to our responsibilities: the waste is already there, and we have to do something with it. It will take time to be successful here. Long-term management of radioactive waste is clearly a really long-term matter. All the experience in the field has shown that it involves patience and careful listening, and requires building up a basis for solid trust among the potential neighboring population, who are the most directly concerned. Durable proximity human investment is one of the key factors of success. For over 20 years now

  12. Liabilities identification and long-term management - Review of French situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    In France, long term liabilities due to nuclear activities concern four main operators: Electricite de France (EDF), AREVA (an industrial group created on September 3, 2001 and covering the entire fuel cycle from ore extraction and transformation to the recycling of spent fuel), the Atomic Energy Commission (CEA, the French public research organism in the nuclear sector) and the French Agency for radioactive waste management (ANDRA, in charge with the long term operation of radioactive waste installations). Long term liabilities are due to the financing of both decommissioning of nuclear installations and radioactive waste long term management. In the current French organisational scheme, the different operators must take the responsibility of these long term liabilities. The setting of national policies and the establishment of the legislation are carried out at a national level by the French state. These include the supervision of the three operators through different Ministries and the regulatory control of safety trough the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN). EDF, AREVA, CEA and ANDRA are responsible for all aspects of the decommissioning (from a technical and financial point of view). Within a safety regulatory frame, they have their own initiative concerning future expenses, based on estimated costs and the expected operational lifetime of the installations. They are responsible of the definition and implementation of the technical options. Through its supervision activities, the French State regularly requires updating studies of these estimated costs, which are conducted by the operators. A general review of the management of these long-term liabilities is also carried out on a four years basis by the French Court of Accounts. Operators are due to constitute provisions during the life cycle of their installations. Provisions are calculated for each installation on the basis of the decommissioning expenses and of the reasonably estimated lifetime. They are re

  13. Installation of a radioactive waste disposal facility. The necessity of building up durable links between the general public and radioactive waste. Feedback from experience in France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comte, Annabelle; Farin, Sebastien [Andra, Chatenay-Malabry (France)

    2015-07-01

    2013 has been a banner year for Andra with widespread discussions on the question of long-term management of radioactive waste: a nationwide public discussion about the planned Cigeo deep disposal facility has been organized and national discussions on the energy source transition had inevitably brought up the question of what to do with future radioactive waste to be produced under the various scenarios put forward. In spite of an open institutional framework, with numerous legal provisions for citizen participation, 2013 showed that creation of a radioactive waste disposal facility is not, and cannot be, a question dealt with like breaking news, within a given temporal or spatial perimeter. Any attempts to bring up the subject under the spotlight of public scrutiny inevitably shift the discussions away from their central theme and abandon the underlying question - what should be done with the existing radioactive waste and the waste that is bound to be produced? - to move on to the other major question: ''Should we stop using nuclear power or not?'', which takes us away from our responsibilities towards future generations. Daring to face the question, anchor it in citizen discussions, and create awareness of our duties towards coming generations: this is the challenge that Andra had already set itself several years ago. Our position is a strong one; rather than seeking to mask the problem of radioactive waste, we must face up to our responsibilities: the waste is already there, and we have to do something with it. It will take time to be successful here. Long-term management of radioactive waste is clearly a really long-term matter. All the experience in the field has shown that it involves patience and careful listening, and requires building up a basis for solid trust among the potential neighboring population, who are the most directly concerned. Durable proximity human investment is one of the key factors of success. For over 20 years now

  14. Geo-scientific database for research and development purposes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tabani, P.; Mangeot, A.; Crabol, V.; Delage, P.; Dewonck, S.; Auriere, C.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. The Research and Development Division must manage, secure and reliable manner, a large number of data from scientific disciplines and diverse means of acquisition (observations, measurements, experiments, etc.). This management is particularly important for the Underground research Laboratory, the source of many recording continuous measurements. Thus, from its conception, Andra has implemented two management tools of scientific information, the 'Acquisition System and Data Management' [SAGD] and GEO database with its associated applications. Beyond its own needs, Andra wants to share its achievements with the scientific community, and it therefore provides the data stored in its databases or samples of rock or water when they are available. Acquisition and Data Management (SAGD) This system manages data from sensors installed at several sites. Some sites are on the surface (piezometric, atmospheric and environmental stations), the other are in the Underground Research Laboratory. This system also incorporates data from experiments in which Andra participates in Mont Terri Laboratory in Switzerland. S.A.G.D fulfils these objectives by: - Make available in real time on a single system, with scientists from Andra but also different partners or providers who need it, all experimental data from measurement points - Displaying the recorded data on temporal windows and specific time step, - Allowing remote control of the experimentations, - Ensuring the traceability of all recorded information, - Ensuring data storage in a data base. S.A.G.D has been deployed in the first experimental drift at -445 m in November 2004. It was subsequently extended to the underground Mont Terri laboratory in Switzerland in 2005, to the entire surface logging network of the Meuse / Haute-Marne Center in 2008 and to the environmental network in 2011. All information is acquired, stored and manage by a software called Geoscope. This software

  15. Centre de la Manche institutional control period: after the first safety review - 59236

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dutzer, Michel; Vervialle, Jean Pierre; Andre, Alain; Marchiol, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Centre de la Manche disposal facility is the first French surface disposal facility dedicated to low and intermediate level short lived radioactive waste. It started up in 1969. After a continuous improvement, in the design of disposal vaults, in operational modes, in the whole process of waste management, in the safety approach, the last packages were received in 1994. 527, 000 m 3 of waste packages have been disposed during the 25 years of operation. The facility was licensed for the institutional control period in 2003. The disposal vaults are covered with a multilayer capping system that includes a bituminous membrane to provide protection against rainwater infiltration. Water that might infiltrate through the membrane is collected by the bottom slab of the vaults to a pipe network implemented in an underground gallery. Measurements show an overall infiltration rate of about 3 l/m 2 /year that complies with the objective of Andra of a few liters per square meter and per year. Investigations are performed in order to assess the behavior of the membrane in the long term. For this purpose periodically samples of the bituminous membrane are taken and measurements are performed. As at the beginning of the operational period waste packages were not conditioned in accordance with the specifications that are presently prescribed to waste generators, some settlements can be observed on the ancient part or the facilities. At the end of 2009 some excavation works were performed in an area where a settlement of few tens of centimeters was observed. The integrity of the membrane could be observed and the adequacy of the selection of this option for the water-tightness of the capping system was so confirmed. Environmental monitoring includes radiological and chemical measurements for discharge, underground water and surface water. In the particular framework of Centre de la Manche, a contamination of groundwater by tritiated wastes occurred in 1976. Theses wastes were

  16. CLASS: Core Library for Advanced Scenario Simulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mouginot, B.; Thiolliere, N.

    2015-01-01

    The nuclear reactor simulation community has to perform complex electronuclear scenario simulations. To avoid constraints coming from the existing powerful scenario software such as COSI, VISION or FAMILY, the open source Core Library for Advanced Scenario Simulation (CLASS) has been developed. The main asset of CLASS is its ability to include any type of reactor, whether the system is innovative or standard. A reactor is fully described by its evolution database which should contain a set of different validated fuel compositions in order to simulate transitional scenarios. CLASS aims to be a useful tool to study scenarios involving Generation-IV reactors as well as innovative fuel cycles, like the thorium cycle. In addition to all standard key objects required by an electronuclear scenario simulation (the isotopic vector, the reactor, the fuel storage and the fabrication units), CLASS also integrates two new specific modules: fresh fuel evolution and recycled fuel fabrication. The first module, dealing with fresh fuel evolution, is implemented in CLASS by solving Bateman equations built from a database induced cross-sections. The second module, which incorporates the fabrication of recycled fuel to CLASS, can be defined by user priorities and/or algorithms. By default, it uses a linear Pu equivalent-method, which allows predicting, from the isotopic composition, the maximum burn-up accessible for a set type of fuel. This paper presents the basis of the CLASS scenario, the fuel method applied to a MOX fuel and an evolution module benchmark based on the French electronuclear fleet from 1977 to 2012. Results of the CLASS calculation were compared with the inventory made and published by the ANDRA organisation in 2012. For UOX used fuels, the ANDRA reported 12006 tonnes of heavy metal in stock, including cooling, versus 18500 tonnes of heavy metal predicted by CLASS. The large difference is easily explained by the presence of 56 tonnes of plutonium already separated

  17. Present situation and issues for the French radioactive waste management agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, M.C.

    2009-01-01

    This series of slides makes a status of the radioactive waste management in France: 1 - Planned disposal facilities: A - Low level long lived waste (LL-LL: Graphite Waste And Radium Bearing Waste): Implementation within a shallow clay formation (between 15 and 200 m in depth). For graphite waste: a 'repository with an intact cover' as a reference option. For radium-bearing waste: a 'repository with a reworked cover' under investigation. The required footprint on ground surface is in the order of 100 ha. Siting approach: June 2, 2008: letter from the Minister of State to the Chairman of ANDRA; June 2008: file addressed by ANDRA to the mayors of 3,115 communes. Until the end of October 2008: expression of interest by local communities. Possibility to confirm their application in late 2010. December 2008: assessment report by ANDRA and proposal of ranked zones to the government. Beginning of 2009: government decision concerning the pre-selection still pending. 2009-2010: geological surveys, consultations, territorial projects. B - High level and Intermediate level long lived waste (HL and IL-LL): Preparing disposal in a clay formation. 2012: public debate, 2013: site selection, 2015: application, 2025: start up. The Meuse Haute Marne Underground Research Laboratory Siting: the disposal facility (drilling campaigns), Construction of a Visitors' Centre designed to present the waste-repository project and its technological aspect. Inauguration scheduled in June 2009. 2 - Operated disposal facilities: A - Low and intermediate level short lived waste (LIL-SL) and Very low level waste (VLL). LIL-SL Manche Centre: 1969: start up, 1994: end of operation, 2003: institutional control period, Disposed volume (1969-1994): 527,000 m 3 , Impact of the facility ∼0,65 μSv/year (2008). Institutional control period monitoring: Radiological and chemical monitoring (Discharges, Underground water, Surface water), Capping system monitoring (Water-tightness performances, Rainfall water

  18. Coupled HM modelling of the mine-by test at Meuse-Haute-Marne (MHM) URL France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yildizdag, K.; Shao, H.; Hesser, J.; Soennke, J.; Noiret, A.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. In order to test the feasibility of disposing High-Level and Long-Lived Wastes (HLW-LL) in Callovo- Oxfordian clay formation (COx), the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) has carried out scientific and engineering investigations in the Meuse-Haute-Marne Underground Research Laboratory (URL) since November 1999. The COx (Figure 1) is of a special interest because of its very favourable characteristics for being a possible host rock for the disposal of radioactive waste. The project OHZ (Observation and Monitoring of the EDZ) was initiated in 2008 by ANDRA. In the framework of this project, a Mine-by experiment was performed in the niche GCS. The excavation was started on 29.01.2008. Displacement and pore pressure evolution during the excavation was measured by different sensors. Within the cooperation between BGR and ANDRA numerical calculations have been done using the code RockFlow to understand the hydraulic and mechanical (HM) coupling mechanisms of Callovo-Oxfordian clay-stone observed during the Mine-by experiment. Modelling results: With regard to the bedding of COx a transverse isotropy approach was applied. Thus the anisotropy effects caused by the bedding have been considered in coupled HM models (Massmann, 2009). Intensive parameter studies in comparison with measured deformation and pore pressure data have been conducted to reduce modelling uncertainties. Fully saturated models yield very precise results in the far field wherein excavation effect has its lower impact. Rapid decline of pore pressure and continuously increasing deformation subsequent to excavation in the near field could not be interpreted even taking shrinkage and partially saturation into consideration. During the Mine-by test, overpressures on sidewalls and reduced pressures on roof and floor were measured due to the mechanical effect on pore pressure which is induced by the bedding. Good agreement between

  19. CEA and its radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marano, S.

    1999-01-01

    CEA annually produces about 3500 tons of radioactive wastes in its 43 basic nuclear installations. CEA ranks third behind EDF and Cogema. Low-level wastes (A wastes) are sent to ANDRA (national agency for the management of nuclear wastes)whereas medium-level wastes (B wastes) are stored by CEA itself. CEA has checked off its storing places and has set up an installation Cedra to process and store ancient and new nuclear wastes. 3 other installations are planned to operate within 6 years: Agate (Cadarache) will treat liquid effluents, Stella (Saclay) will process liquid wastes that are beta or gamma emitters, and Atena (Marcoule) will treat and store radioactive sodium coming from Phenix reactor and IPSN laboratories. The use of plasma torch for vitrifying wastes is detailed, the management of all the nuclear wastes produced by CEA laboratories and installations is presented. (A.C.)

  20. The HAW project: demonstration facility for the disposal of high-level waste in salt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rothfuchs, T.

    1991-01-01

    This report is the so-called Synthesis report 1985-1989 of the international HAW project performed in the 800 m level of the ASSE salt mine in the Federal Republic of Germany. The major objective of this project is the pilot testing and demonstration of safe methods for the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geological salt-deposits. The HAW-project is carried out by the GSF-Institut fuer Tieflagerung (IFT) in cooperation with the French Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs (ANDRA); the Spanish Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radioactivos S.A (ENRESA) and the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN). During the years 1985 to 1989 the underground test field was excavated and after some delays in the licensing procedure, the emplacement of 30 vitrified highly radioactive canisters (containers) is now envisaged for early 1991. 32 refs; 76 figs., 11 tabs

  1. Measurement and analysis of radioactive substances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    Here are gathered the abstracts presented to the 3. summer university of the year 2001 whose main themes were the destructive (5 conferences) and nondestructive (8 conferences) analyses applied to nuclear industry. The points of view of different organisms (as DSIN: Directorate for the Safety of Nuclear Installations, IPSN: Institute of Nuclear Protection and Safety, OPRI: Office of Protection against Ionizing Radiations, TUI: Institute for Transuranium Elements, COGEMA, EDF: Electric Utilities, ANDRA: French National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management, CRLC Val d'Aurelle, France) concerning the needs involved in nuclear facilities control, the methods of radionuclide speciation in use internationally, the measurements and analyses of radioactive substances are given too as well as some general concepts concerning 1)the laser-matter interaction 2)the ions production 3)the quality applied to the measurements and analyses 4)the standard in activity metrology. (O.M.)

  2. Determination of the scenarios to be included in the assessment of the safety of site for the disposal of radioactive waste in a deep geological formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escalier des Orres, P.; Devillers, C.; Cernes, A.; Izabel, C.

    1990-01-01

    The procedure for selection and qualification of a site for the disposal of radioactive waste in a deep geological formation began in France in the early eighties. The public authorities, working from a recommendation by the ANDRA, made a pre-selection of four sites, each of which corresponded to a particular type of geological formation - granite, clay, salt and shale. Within two years, one of these sites would be chosen as the location for an underground laboratory, intended to verify whether the site was suitable as a nuclear waste repository and to prepare for its construction. The safety analysis for site qualification makes use of evolutionary scenarios representing the repository and its environment, selected by means of a deterministic method. This analysis defines, with an appropriate level of detail, a 'reference' scenario and 'random events' scenarios. (author)

  3. The role of the operator of nuclear power plants in disposal of nuclear waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaussade, J.P.

    1995-01-01

    Public opinion polls show that the French have largely understood the importance of our nuclear programme in maintaining French independence with regard to power supply and its security and that they have confidence in the technicians for the proper construction and operation of these power plants, but that they retain many questions concerning the disposal of nuclear waste. They have the impression that solutions remain to be found, and especially that the Electricite de France (EDF) devised the nuclear power programme without concern for the disposal of waste. This lack of information is fortunately far from reality, EDF, under the supervision of the security authorities, manages the waste produced in the nuclear power plants. Final stocking of waste is handled by a body that is independent of the waste producer, the ''Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs'' (Andra) (National Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste). (author). 7 refs., 1 tab

  4. Presentation the national Plan of management of radioactive materials and wastes. Friday, the 4. of June 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a synthesis of the national plan of management of radioactive materials and wastes (PNGMDR for Plan national de gestion des matieres et des dechets radioactifs), this document contains the main conclusions of this plan for the period 2010-2012, a presentation of its elaboration modalities, a presentation of the basic principles regarding radioactive materials and wastes (definitions, origins, waste types and categories, waste management types), a presentation of the main actors of their management (agencies, ministries, authorities, research organizations, institutional bodies, associations). A glossary and other documents are provided, notably a presentation of the ASN (the French Nuclear Safety Authority), a report by the ANDRA agency giving an inventory of radioactive materials and wastes, and a chapter of a report on nuclear safety and radioprotection status in France in 2009

  5. Building Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report Building Bridges adresses the questions why, how and for whom academic audience research has public value, from the different points of view of the four working groups in the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies – “New Media Genres, Media Literacy and Trust...... in the Media”, “Audience Interactivity and Participation”, “The Role of Media and ICT Use for Evolving Social Relationships” and “Audience Transformations and Social Integration”. Building Bridges is the result of an ongoing dialogue between the Action and non-academic stakeholders in the field of audience......, Brian O’Neill, Andra Siibak, Sascha Trültzsch-Wijnen, Nicoletta Vittadini, Igor Vobič and Frauke Zeller. Stakeholder feedback from: Michelle Arlotta (DeAgostini), Andreea M. Costache (Association of Consumers of Audiovisual Media in Catalonia/TAC), Francesco Diasio (AMARC Europe), Marius Dragomir (Open...

  6. The Waste Negotiator's mission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bataille, Christian

    1993-01-01

    The mission of the Waste Negotiator is to seek out sites for deep underground laboratories to study their potential for disposal of high level radioactive waste. Although appointed by the government, he acts independently. In 1990, faced by severe public criticism at the way that the waste disposal was being handled, and under increasing pressure to find an acceptable solution, the government stopped the work being carried out by ANDRA (Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs) and initiated a full review of the issues involved. At the same time, parliament also started its own extensive investigation to find a way forward. These efforts finally led to the provision of a detailed framework for the management of long lived radioactive waste, including the construction of two laboratories to investigate possible repository sites. The Waste Negotiator was appointed to carry out a full consultative process in the communities which are considering accepting an underground laboratory. (Author)

  7. Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre. Annual report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    The Meuse/Haute-Marne Centre belongs to the ANDRA (the French national agency for radioactive waste management) and is a site dedicated to investigations and researches on deep and reversible storage of high and medium activity long life wastes. This report briefly presents its installations, evokes some activities, events and works which occurred in 2009. It addresses how possible releases are controlled through a survey of the environment by means a range of different kinds of measurements. It describes the specific measures which have implemented in terms of radioprotection for the dismantling of a peculiar operation. It also describes measures implemented to ensure work security and evokes work accidents which occurred in 2009. It presents actions in the field of public information

  8. Identifiering av immateriella tillgångar vid rörelseförvärv : Har branschtillhörigheten någon betydelse?

    OpenAIRE

    Barhanko, Daniella; Lindholm, Linus; Örtenvik, Mikael

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund: Identifiering av immateriella tillgångar har visat sig vara ett problemfyllt område både för företagen och andra utövare. Tidigare studier har visat på att en stor del av köpeskillingen fördelats till goodwill vilket delvis kan vara ett resultat av immateriella tillgångar inte identifieras i tillräcklig utsträckning. Det har även påpekats att det finns ett stort svängrum inom regelverket som tillåter mycket individuella bedömningar.   Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka om det finns skil...

  9. Lämplighetsbedömningar av unga kvinnor och män – Värme- och kompetensdimensionernas betydelse i rekrytering

    OpenAIRE

    Rönnblad, Charlotta

    2013-01-01

    I frågan om social bedömning av andra individer och grupper utgör värme och kompetens två centrala dimensioner. Värme syftar på hur snäll, vänlig och omtänksam en person är, dess funktion är att bedöma vad personens avsikt är. Kompetens tyder på hur intelligent, självsäker och rationell en person är, dess funktion är att bedöma hur kapabel personen är att utföra avsikterna. Vanligtvis attribueras män utgående från kompetensdimensionen och kvinnor från värmedimensionen. Utgående från teorin om...

  10. 80 aastat tagasi : Detsember 1928. 2 / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest 80 aastat tagasi: Viljandi Koidu koori kontserdil Viljandi Jaani kirikus esitati muusikat Beethovenist Tobiase ja Türnpuni, 16. dets. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus hiljuti ülesseatud oreli heaks esinesid Ph. Lorenzsonn orelil ja H. Anderson tshellol ning tütarlaste gümnaasiumi laulukoor, Rakvere kirikus kandis kohalik kirikukoor ette Händeli oratooriumi "Messias" (solistideks Paula Brehm-Jürgenson, H. Kubu ja Karl Viitol, orelil Enn Võrk), 13. dets. toimus konsistooriumis liturgilise, agenda ja vaimuliku muusika komisjoni koosolek (kirikumuusikute kursuse kavaga esines August Topman), Tartu Ülikooli kiriku lauluseltsi Cantate Domino segakoor ja naiskoor esinesid jumalateenistustel Ülikooli kirikus, 13. dets. suri Tartu Jaani koguduse ja Saksa Meestelaulu Seltsi koorijuht Herman Johan Nikolai von Andrae

  11. Uudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ia Remmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Erkki-Sven Tüüri teose "De profundis" esiettekanne Helsingis. Mitu Soome orkestrit sulgemise ohus. Muusikud protesteerivad kahe Saksamaa orkestri ühendamise vastu. Barenboim lahkub La Scalast enne lepingu lõppemist. Sir John Eliot Gardiner andis välja Bachi kantaadid ja uue raamatu. Salzburgi festival käsitleb sõjateemat. Wagneri "Sõrmus" mälupulgal. Universal Music Classics. Lang Lang nimetati ÜRO rahusaadikuks. Sir John Tavener (1944-2013). György Kurtag ja Andras Schiff pälvivad kuldmedali. Pekka Kuusisto sai Põhjamaade Nõukogu muusikaauhinna. Sten Lassmann Elleri plaadiseeriast Gramophone'is ja International Pianos

  12. Study of optimal transformation of liquid effluents resulting from the destruction of radioactive sodium by water into ultimate solid wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez, G.; Camaro, S.; Fiquet, O.; Bernard, A.; Le Bescop, P.

    1997-01-01

    In the framework of sodium waste processing, it has been proposed to retain only processes that treat the sodium using water, thus generating the same by-products: hydrogen and sodium hydroxide. As the objective is to minimise radioactive liquid releases and as, moreover, the authorizations with respect to sodium salt releases are highly restrictive, several solutions have been envisaged for transforming the active sodium hydroxide coming from sodium destruction processes into ultimate solid wastes that can be stored on the surface in a storage site approved by the ANDRA (National Radioactive Waste Management Agency): the Aube Storage Site (CSA). Two processes have been considered and compared: immobilisation in concrete (cementation) and immobilisation in ceramic (ceramisation). These two processes are evaluated according to several criteria: the state of advancement of the process, the quantity of sodium hydroxide (and therefore of sodium) that can be treated per package. (author)

  13. ITER waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosanvallon, S.; Na, B.C.; Benchikhoune, M.; Uzan, J. Elbez; Gastaldi, O.; Taylor, N.; Rodriguez, L.

    2010-01-01

    ITER will produce solid radioactive waste during its operation (arising from the replacement of components and from process and housekeeping waste) and during decommissioning (de-activation phase and dismantling). The waste will be activated by neutrons of energies up to 14 MeV and potentially contaminated by activated corrosion products, activated dust and tritium. This paper describes the waste origin, the waste classification as a function of the French national agency for radioactive waste management (ANDRA), the optimization process put in place to reduce the waste radiotoxicity and volumes, the estimated waste amount based on the current design and maintenance procedure, and the overall strategy from component removal to final disposal anticipated at this stage of the project.

  14. 2009 management report and financial accounts on the 31 December 2009: managing today to prepare tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    The first part proposes a management report which describes the activity context of the ANDRA (the French national agency for radioactive waste management), addressing its role, its action in terms of protection of the environment, its industrial projects and its approach. It briefly comments the financial balance, and discusses the progress of the HA-MAVL project (storage of high and medium activity long life wastes) and of the FAVL project (storage of low activity long life wastes). It gives an overview of industrial activities, globally as well as for the different storage centres and activities. It briefly evokes how a 1 M euros subsidy will be used, and the international activity. It discusses how the financing of future nuclear works is secured, recalls important recent events, and gives an overview of the possible evolution of the agency situation. The second part gives tables of financial accounts. Accounting principles are recalled and some figures are more precisely analysed

  15. Making nuclear waste governable. Deep underground disposal and the challenge of reversibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonnot, Francois-Michel; Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Aparicio, Luis; Cezanne-Bert, Pierrick; Chateauraynaud, Francis

    2010-12-01

    This book is the result of a collaboration that began over two years ago between researchers from the social sciences and ANDRA engineers and natural scientists. Contributions to the various chapters have been discussed and enhanced, especially during the workshop and the interdisciplinary conference both held by ANDRA in 2008 and 2009 respectively. The French approach to reversibility will also once again be developed and open to debate during the international conference organised under the aegis of the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency in Reims from December 14 to 17, 2010. Devoted to the application of the reversibility principle to radioactive waste management, this work is divided into three chapters. The discussion throughout the chapters deals mainly with the issue of how to implement the 'definitive securing' of the waste, as stated by the French Planning Act dated June 28 2006, while providing a flexible management programme that keeps options open over time to make radioactive waste governable. The originality of this work is, precisely, to focus on the specific operational provisions being considered today to allow present and future generations to ensuring the protection of persons and the environment sustainably. The first chapter was written by Yannick Barthe, researcher at the CNRS and member of the Centre for the Sociology of Innovation at the Mines ParisTech School. He examines the political qualities of technology, analysing the action modes related to the various management solutions being suggested. According to the author, different decision-making models - as well as specific approaches to safety - are inscribed within technical devices. In this regard, the introduction of the reversibility principle appears to be a radical innovation, both in technical and in political terms. The second chapter reports on Andra's current positioning with respect to the project of a reversible deep disposal facility. It presents a recursive definition for

  16. Teorin i praktiken - praktiken i teorin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Birthe; Lindhart, Lars

    2006-01-01

    Vad ligger bakom våra föreställningar om "teori" och "praktik"? Är de varandras motsatser och oförenliga? Eller är de aspekter både i lärande och yrkesutövande? I boken talas om den "praktikchock" som ofta möter blivande lärare när de är ute i skolornas "verklighet" för första gången. Denna antol...... antologi med alla sina lärda, inspirerande och insiktsfulla bidrag vänder sig till verksamma lärare och lärarstuderande som närmar sig slutet av sin utbildning och alla andra som arbetar med mötet mellan teori och praktik....

  17. Defining a communication system for the long term

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mitropoulou, Eleni

    2015-01-01

    Prof. Eleni Mitropoulou presented an ongoing study, undertaken on behalf of Andra, on long-term communication. The speaker highlighted that it is not so much the marking that needs to be sustainable, but above all what the marking communicates. She highlighted the importance of sustainable human action to produce memory and, thus, the need to reconcile the passive character of geological disposal and the active character of memory keeping. Focusing on semiotics, the interaction between the short, medium and long term was pointed out, highlighting the need to create a relay system. A multidimensional message was proposed, for the purposes of information ('storage site here'), interpellation (to warn, prevent or alert) and integration (with regard to the surrounding environment). This corresponds to the systemic approach of the RK and M initiative, which is based on a variety of RK and M transmission mechanisms that are integrated with and/or complement one another

  18. FEBEX: Full-Scale engineered barriers experiment in crystalline host-rock: preoperational phase. Synthesized report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The FEBEX project is being cofinanced by the EC under contract F 14WCT950006. In addition to the EC, seven partners from three countries of the EU. (France, Germany, and Spain) as well as one from EFTA (Switzerland) are participating in the project. ENRESA is the coordinating partner with NAGRA assisting in coordinating some aspects. The project consists of two large-scale tests and a series of complimentary laboratory tests. The work is being executed by the following organizations: CIEMAT, AITEMIN, UP-DIT (CIMNE), ULC, CSIC-Zaidin, and UPM (SPAIN) ANDRA and G.3S (FRANCE) GRS (GERMANY). This report includes a synthesized description of the experiment from its conception through the installation of the two large-scale tests (from the middle of 1994 to the beginning of 1997, preoperation stage). The experiment is described in detail in a series of specific reports. (Author)

  19. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    23 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2007. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Mainiti järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi" (parim uudisteos), Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Aare Pilv "Näoline", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Kivisildnik "Sumo", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant", Doris Kareva "Lõige", Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Andra Teede "Saage üle", Maria Lee "Äramõte", Edvin Aedma "Inimene ja draakon", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Kerle Arula "Paplitüdruku talv", Jim Ashilevi "Nagu poisid vihma käes", Urmas Nimetu "Langemine alla nulli"; parimad debüütteosed olid Epp Annuse "Sina, Matilda" ja Peeter Helme "Puudutus"

  20. Konstruktionen av stress : En kvalitativ studie om hur stress upplevs i banksektorn

    OpenAIRE

    Blohm, Martin; Konradsson, Axel

    2017-01-01

    Bakgrund: Arbetslivet förändras ständigt till följd av digitaliseringen och tillgången till information ökar kraftigt. Banksektorn är en av de sektorer som påverkats mest av dessa förändringar och studier har visat att arbetsrelaterad stress ökar till följd av detta. Det är lätt att utifrån studier och fackliga undersökningar förknippa stress i banksektorn med arbetsmiljöproblem eftersom fokus ligger på ohälsa och sjukskrivning. Samtidigt vill många människor arbeta i banksektorn och i andra ...