WorldWideScience

Sample records for andmed aastatest 1999-2007

  1. Avatud andmed muudavad ühiskonna paremaks / Indrek Petersoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petersoo, Indrek

    2011-01-01

    Riigi poolt kogutavad andmed on kättesaadavad erinevate andmebaaside vahendusel. Riigi eesmärgiks on parandada andmete liikumist ja kasutamist erinevate andmekogude vahel. Lisa: Valitsuse 8 open data printsiipi

  2. Avatud õpe ja kaugkoolitus : sild üheksakümnendatest aastatest aastasse 2000 / Sirje Virkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Sirje, 1956-

    1997-01-01

    23.-25- juunini 1997. a. Budapesti Tehnikaülikoolis toimunud Euroopa Kaugkoolitusvõrgu konverentsist teemal "Avatud õpe ja kaugkoolitus : sild üheksakümnendatest aastatest aastasse 2000 : saavutused ja tulevikuväljavaated"

  3. Fatal Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States, 1999-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlgren, F Scott; Holman, Robert C; Paddock, Christopher D; Callinan, Laura S; McQuiston, Jennifer H

    2012-04-01

    Death from Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is preventable with prompt, appropriate treatment. Data from two independent sources were analyzed to estimate the burden of fatal RMSF and identify risk factors for fatal RMSF in the United States during 1999-2007. Despite increased reporting of RMSF cases to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, no significant changes in the estimated number of annual fatal RMSF cases were found. American Indians were at higher risk of fatal RMSF relative to whites (relative risk [RR] = 3.9), and children less than 10 years of age (RR=5.1) [corrected] and adults ≥ 70 years of age (RR = 3.0) were also at increased risk relative to other ages. Persons with cases of RMSF with an immunosuppressive condition were at increased risk of death (RR = 4.4). Delaying treatment of RMSF was also associated with increased deaths. These results may indicate a gap between recommendations and practice.

  4. THE BARRIERS FOR PROLIFERATION OF INTERACTIVE TELEVISION (ITV IN AUSTRALIA IN THE PERIOD 1999-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria J. Bora

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Interactive television (iTV could well be described as a rising research area. The digitalization of networks, as well as broadband penetration, makes it once again a contemporary issue. However, it can hardly be called an overworked area of Australian television studies. This article assesses multiple reasons behind the Australian failure to adopt this technology in the period 1999-2007. iTV did not open feasible revenue streams for broadcasters. Its role was complementary to the digital TV services offered by current incumbent providers. The interactive potential of the Internet supported by users’ engagement started to fulfil the promises of iTV and offered more collaborative service propositions. Still, at this point, neither TV nor the Internet provides fully viable business models for iTV. Instead there has been a flux of online and offline revenue models and continuing uncertainty about the future of media.

  5. Pharmacogenetic testing through the direct-to-consumer genetic testing company 23andMe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Mengfei; Lewis, Cathryn M; Traylor, Matthew

    2017-06-19

    Rapid advances in scientific research have led to an increase in public awareness of genetic testing and pharmacogenetics. Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing companies, such as 23andMe, allow consumers to access their genetic information directly through an online service without the involvement of healthcare professionals. Here, we evaluate the clinical relevance of pharmacogenetic tests reported by 23andMe in their UK tests. The research papers listed under each 23andMe report were evaluated, extracting information on effect size, sample size and ethnicity. A wider literature search was performed to provide a fuller assessment of the pharmacogenetic test and variants were matched to FDA recommendations. Additional evidence from CPIC guidelines, PharmGKB, and Dutch Pharmacogenetics Working Group was reviewed to determine current clinical practice. The value of the tests across ethnic groups was determined, including information on linkage disequilibrium between the tested SNP and causal pharmacogenetic variant, where relevant. 23andMe offers 12 pharmacogenetic tests to their UK customers, some of which are in standard clinical practice, and others which are less widely applied. The clinical validity and clinical utility varies extensively between tests. The variants tested are likely to have different degrees of sensitivity due to different risk allele frequencies and linkage disequilibrium patterns across populations. The clinical relevance depends on the ethnicity of the individual and variability of pharmacogenetic markers. Further research is required to determine causal variants and provide more complete assessment of drug response and side effects. 23andMe reports provide some useful pharmacogenetics information, mirroring clinical tests that are in standard use. Other tests are unspecific, providing limited guidance and may not be useful for patients without professional interpretation. Nevertheless, DTC companies like 23andMe act as a powerful

  6. Factors in the drop in the migration of Spanish-trained nurses: 1999-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbany-Estragués, Paola; Nelson, Sioban

    2018-05-01

    To reveal correlates of the decrease of Spanish nurse migration (1999-2007). Nursing outmigration is a concern for countries. Nurse migration from Spain began in the 1990s. From 1999 to 2007, the yearly number of migrations dropped significantly. We ask what social, economic and policy factors could be related to this drop. We used publicly available statistics to confirm hypothesis (1) The drop in nursing migration coincided with a drop in nursing unemployment. Then we hypothesized that this coincided with (1a) a decrease in the number of graduates, (1b) an increase in the number of hospitals and/or beds functioning, and/or (1c) an increase in the ratio of part-time contracts. Our analysis confirms hypotheses (1) and (1c) and disconfirms (1a) and (1b). The greater availability of part-time contracts seems to have encouraged nurses to remain in Spain. The strategy to reduce nursing unemployment with more part-time contracts, while temporarily successful in Spain, brings with it major challenges for patient care and the working life of nurses. We suggest that nurse leaders and health policymakers consider proactive policies to adjust the balance between supply and demand without decreasing the quality of available positions. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Nursing Management Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Biological behaviour of canine mandibular osteosarcoma. A retrospective study of 50 cases (1999-2007).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle, V J; Rassnick, K M; Borst, L B; Rodriguez, C O; Northrup, N C; Fan, T M; Garrett, L D

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the biological behaviour of canine mandibular osteosarcoma (OSA) and to examine factors for their impact on metastasis-free interval (MFI) and survival time (ST). Records from dogs treated with mandibulectomy for OSA (1999-2007) were reviewed. Archived tumour samples were evaluated for mitotic index (MI) and tumour grade. Fifty dogs were included, 21 received chemotherapy. Twenty-nine dogs (58%) developed metastatic disease. The median MFI was 627 days, and median ST was 525 days. In univariate analysis MI > 40 was prognostic for decreased MFI and ST. Grade also influenced MFI and ST, with 5/21 (24%) dogs with grade II/III tumours metastasis-free at one year versus 16/22 (72%) dogs with grade I tumours (P = 0.002); and 5/21 (24%) dogs with grade II/III tumours alive versus 17/22 (77%) dogs with grade I tumours (P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, histological grade and adjuvant chemotherapy were prognostic for MFI and ST. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  8. 23andMe: a new two-sided data-banking market model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoeklé, Henri-Corto; Mamzer-Bruneel, Marie-France; Vogt, Guillaume; Hervé, Christian

    2016-03-31

    Since 2006, the genetic testing company 23andMe has collected biological samples, self-reported information, and consent documents for biobanking and research from more than 1,000,000 individuals (90% participating in research), through a direct-to-consumer (DTC) online genetic-testing service providing a genetic ancestry report and a genetic health report. However, on November 22, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) halted the sale of genetic health testing, on the grounds that 23andMe was not acting in accordance with federal law, by selling tests of undemonstrated reliability as predictive tests for medical risk factors. Consumers could still obtain the genetic ancestry report, but they no longer had access to the genetic health report in the United States (US). However, this did not prevent the company from continuing its health research, with previously obtained and future samples, provided that consent had been obtained from the consumers concerned, or with health reports for individuals from other countries. Furthermore, 23andMe was granted FDA authorization on February 19, 2015, first to provide reports about Bloom syndrome carrier status, and, more recently, to provide consumers with "carrier status" information for 35 genes known (with high levels of confidence) to cause disease. In this Debate, we highlight the likelihood that the primary objective of the company was probably two-fold: promoting itself within the market for predictive testing for human genetic diseases and ancestry at a low cost to consumers, and establishing a high-value database/biobank for research (one of the largest biobanks of human deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and personal information). By dint of this marketing approach, a two-sided market has been established between the consumer and the research laboratories, involving the establishment of a database/DNA biobank for scientific and financial gain. We describe here the profound ethical issues raised by this setup.

  9. Attractiveness of employment sectors for physical therapists in Ontario, Canada (1999-2007: implication for the long term care sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Landry Michel D

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recruiting and retaining health professions remains a high priority for health system planners. Different employment sectors may vary in their appeal to providers. We used the concepts of inflow and stickiness to assess the relative attractiveness of sectors for physical therapists (PTs in Ontario, Canada. Inflow was defined as the percentage of PTs working in a sector who were not there the previous year. Stickiness was defined as the transition probability that a physical therapist will remain in a given employment sector year-to-year. Methods A longitudinal dataset of registered PTs in Ontario (1999-2007 was created, and primary employment sector was categorized as ‘hospital’, ‘community’, ‘long term care’ (LTC or ‘other.’ Inflow and stickiness values were then calculated for each sector, and trends were analyzed. Results There were 5003 PTs in 1999, which grew to 6064 by 2007, representing a 21.2% absolute growth. Inflow grew across all sectors, but the LTC sector had the highest inflow of 32.0%. PTs practicing in hospitals had the highest stickiness, with 87.4% of those who worked in this sector remaining year-to-year. The community and other employment sectors had stickiness values of 78.2% and 86.8% respectively, while the LTC sector had the lowest stickiness of 73.4%. Conclusion Among all employment sectors, LTC had highest inflow but lowest stickiness. Given expected increases in demand for services, understanding provider transitional probabilities and employment preferences may provide a useful policy and planning tool in developing a sustainable health human resource base across all employment sectors.

  10. Attractiveness of employment sectors for physical therapists in Ontario, Canada (1999-2007): implication for the long term care sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Recruiting and retaining health professions remains a high priority for health system planners. Different employment sectors may vary in their appeal to providers. We used the concepts of inflow and stickiness to assess the relative attractiveness of sectors for physical therapists (PTs) in Ontario, Canada. Inflow was defined as the percentage of PTs working in a sector who were not there the previous year. Stickiness was defined as the transition probability that a physical therapist will remain in a given employment sector year-to-year. Methods A longitudinal dataset of registered PTs in Ontario (1999-2007) was created, and primary employment sector was categorized as ‘hospital’, ‘community’, ‘long term care’ (LTC) or ‘other.’ Inflow and stickiness values were then calculated for each sector, and trends were analyzed. Results There were 5003 PTs in 1999, which grew to 6064 by 2007, representing a 21.2% absolute growth. Inflow grew across all sectors, but the LTC sector had the highest inflow of 32.0%. PTs practicing in hospitals had the highest stickiness, with 87.4% of those who worked in this sector remaining year-to-year. The community and other employment sectors had stickiness values of 78.2% and 86.8% respectively, while the LTC sector had the lowest stickiness of 73.4%. Conclusion Among all employment sectors, LTC had highest inflow but lowest stickiness. Given expected increases in demand for services, understanding provider transitional probabilities and employment preferences may provide a useful policy and planning tool in developing a sustainable health human resource base across all employment sectors. PMID:22643111

  11. Profitability of foreign banks in Central and Eastern Europe. Does the entry mode matter? / Olena Havrylchyk, Emilia Jurzyk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Havrylchyk, Olena

    2011-01-01

    Artikli aluseks on Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti) tegutseva 418 panga andmed aastatest 1993-2004, analüüsitakse, kuidas mõjutavad panga turule sisenemise viis ja emapank panga kasumlikkust. Tabelid

  12. Opinion climates and immigrant political action: A cross-national study of 25 European democracies / Aida Just, Christopher J. Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Just, Aida

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis esitatakse immigrantide poliitilise tegevuse mudel, mis ühendab individuaalse motivatsiooni olla poliitilised hõivatud kontekstiga, milles see tegevus leiab aset, aluseks 25 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed aastatest 2002 kuni 2010

  13. ANÁLISIS DE LA CALIDAD DEL REGISTRO DE PARO CARDÍACO EN CASOS DE RESPONSABILIDAD MÉDICO LEGAL EN MÉDICOS GENERALES, 1999-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Barragán

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. El registro del paro cardíaco es una actividad que se debe acompañar en la reanimación cerebro cardio pulmonar. En Colombia no existe un formato de registro oficial de paro cardiorrespiratorio, lo que dificulta la investigación en reanimación y la conducción de los procesos de responsabilidad médica que se deriven de esta atención. Objetivo. Analizar la calidad del registro de paro cardíaco en casos de responsabilidad médico legal iniciada a médicos generales que tuvieron asesoría científica del Fondo para Auxilio de Demandas de la Sociedad Colombiana de Anestesiología y Reanimación (SCARE-FEPASDE, 1999-2007. Material y métodos. Se realizó una investigación tipo serie de casos, en donde se incluyeron los casos de paro cardiorrespiratorio que tuvieron demanda médico legal y que fueron atendidos por médicos generales, entre 1999 y 2007, y que requirieron asesoría jurídica por SCARE-FEPASDE. La información se registró en tablas de Excel®, según las recomendaciones Utstein. La calificación de calidad se hizo por tres médicos expertos en responsabilidad médica de manera independiente. Se utilizó un formato de calificación sobre la proporción de registros realizados sobre 25 ítem posibles. La calidad se consideró alta (mayor de 95% ítem, media (70-94% ítem y baja (menor de 70%. En los casos de desacuerdo se realizó consenso. Resultados. Se incluyeron en total 83 casos. La calidad del registro del paro fue media en 49 casos (59%, baja en 32 casos (39% y alta en dos casos. Conclusión. El registro de paro cardiorrespiratorio en casos de responsabilidad médica es de mediana calidad, por lo que no se alcanza a cumplir con los estándares internacionales y las guías al estilo Utstein.

  14. Ethnic diversity, economic and cultural contexts, and social trust: Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from European regions, 2002–2010 / Conrad Ziller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ziller, Conrad

    2015-01-01

    Artikkel keskendub sisserändest tuleneva etnilise mitmekesisuse ja sotsiaalse usalduse seostele Euroopa riikides (sh. Eesti). Aluseks on Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed aastatest 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 ja Euroopa tööjõu-uuringu sisserände andmed

  15. Democratization and the national question in Nigeria (1999-2007 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper argues that competitive political parties and open elections tend to mobilize and politicize regional, ethnic, religious and racial solidarities in divided societies. This again tends to intensify disintegrative processes of fragile states without contributing to their stability or legitimacy - at least, in the short run.

  16. THE URBAN POOR AND HOUSING IN NIGERIA 1999-2007

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MRS. EDITH OPO-OLA

    political and intellectual history of the epoch. That consequently .... disengagement of public sector in housing provision to that of private. It must be .... government outside the state capital and 2,000 for Port Harcourt metropolis”. According to ...

  17. Alzheimer's Disease in the Danish Malnutrition Period 1999-2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre-Sørensen, Maja; Kristensen, Gustav David Westergaard

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Several studies published over the last few years have shown that malnutrition is a risk factor for developing and worsening Alzheimer's disease (AD) and that a balanced diet can delay the onset of the disease. During the period from January 1999 to January 2007, a statistically...... significant increase in the number of deaths related to malnutrition was found among the elderly in Denmark. Many more may have been suffering from malnutrition, but not to such a degree that it led to their deaths. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine whether or not the effect of the malnutrition...... from AD associated with the period when the general nutritional state among the elderly in Denmark worsened (from 1999 to 2007). CONCLUSION: The study concludes that the malnutrition period resulted in an excess death rate from Alzheimer's disease. All in all, a total of 345 extra lives were lost...

  18. Who's at the table? An analysis of ministers' participation in EU Council of Ministers meetings / Carline Howard Grøn, Heidi Houlberg Salomonsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Howard Grøn, Caroline

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse, kuivõrd võtavad liikmesriikide (sh Eesti) esindajad osa Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu istungitest ja kas osavõtjateks on alati ministrid või hoopis kõrged riigiametnikud? Andmed on aastatest 2005-2009

  19. The end of the honeymoon: The increasing differentiation of (long-term) unemployment risks in Europe / Martin Heidenreich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidenreich, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Artikkel analüüsib, millistel sotsiaalsetel gruppidel on suurem tõenäosus sattuda töötute hulka praeguse majandus- ja finantskriisi ajal, kusjuures eristatakse lühi- ja pikaajalist töötust. Aluseks EU-SILC andmed 24 Euroopa riigi (sh Eesti) kohta aastatest 2005-2012

  20. Testing the second demographic transition theory with seemingly unrelated regression: marital postponement and human empowerment / Evgenia Bystrov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bystrov, Evgenia

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel keskendub küsimusele, millised on seosed väärtusorientatsiooni ja perekonna käitumise vahel, aluseks maailma väärtusuuringu andmeid aastatest 1981-2008 ning lisaks veel 45 riigi andmed abielude kohta. Esindatud on ka Eesti

  1. The state of political participation in post-communist democracies: Low but suprisingly little biased citizen engagement / Filip Kostelka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kostelka, Filip

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse poliitilise osaluse taset Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa postsotsialistlikes demokraatiates (sh Eesti) ning tuuakse võrdlusandmed Lääne-Euroopa vanade demokraatiatega, aluseks Euroopa sotsialuuringu andmed aastatest 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 ja 2010.

  2. Dekonstruktsioon moes ja tekstiilis alates 1980. aastatest / Miina Leesment

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leesment, Miina

    2010-01-01

    Loomeprojektist "Taashingus", mille alusmaterjaliks on inimeste hüljatud kasutamiskõlblikud kudumid, mis dekonstruktsioonide kaudu saavad uue võimaluse ja värske identiteedi. Ka dekonstruktsioonist Jacques Derrida filosoofias, selle mõjust arhitektuurile ning reflekteerumisest subkultuuridele (näit. punkarid), nende vastasseisust valitsevatele moesuundadele ja vastupidistest mõjudest

  3. Eesti Energia unustas Toomas Lumani andmed / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Energia jurist Heili Raudkivi palus rahandusministeeriumilt infot, mis tähtajaks on rahandusminister nimetanud Eesti Energia nõukogu liikmeks Toomas Lumani. Eesti Energia pressiesindaja selgitus

  4. Kala töötlemine : [andmeid aastatest 1995-2004] / Maarja Purik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purik, Maarja

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Agriculture and the development of rural life : overview 2004/2005. - Tallinn, 2005, lk. 49-52. Kalatöötlemise osatähtsus toiduainetööstuses moodustas 2004. a. 11,9% ja ekspordis 24,9%. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  5. Management and outcomes following an acute coronary event in patients with chronic heart failure 1999-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranasinghe, Isuru; Naoum, Chris; Aliprandi-Costa, Bernadette; Sindone, Andrew P; Steg, P Gabriel; Elliott, John; McGarity, Bruce; Lefkovits, Jeffrey; Brieger, David

    2012-05-01

    The outcome of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) following an ischaemic event is poorly understood. We evaluated the management and outcomes of CHF patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and explored changes in outcomes over time. A total of 5556 patients enrolled in the Australia-New Zealand population of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) between 1999 and 2007 were included. Patients with CHF (n = 609) were compared with those without CHF (n = 4947). Patients with CHF were on average 10 years older, were more likely to be female, had more co-morbidities and cardiac risk factors, and were more likely to have a prior history of angina, myocardial infarction, and revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) when compared with those without CHF. CHF was associated with a substantial increase in in-hospital renal failure [odds ratio (OR) 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-2.71], readmission post-discharge (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.17-1.90), and 6-month mortality (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.55-3.27). Over the 9 year study period, in-hospital and 6 month mortality in those with CHF declined by absolute rates of 7.5% and 14%, respectively. This was temporally associated with an increase in prescription of thienopyridines, beta-blockers, statins, and angiotensin II receptor blockers, increased rates of coronary angiography, and 31.8% absolute increase in referral rates for cardiac rehabilitation. Acute coronary syndrome patients with pre-existing CHF are a very high risk group and carry a disproportionate mortality burden. Encouragingly, there was a marked temporal improvement in outcomes over a 9 year period with an increase in evidence-based treatments and secondary preventative measures.

  6. Cancer survival in Europe 1999-2007 by country and age: results of EUROCARE--5-a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Angelis, Roberta; Sant, Milena; Coleman, Michel P; Francisci, Silvia; Baili, Paolo; Pierannunzio, Daniela; Trama, Annalisa; Visser, Otto; Brenner, Hermann; Ardanaz, Eva; Bielska-Lasota, Magdalena; Engholm, Gerda; Nennecke, Alice; Siesling, Sabine; Berrino, Franco; Capocaccia, Riccardo

    2014-01-01

    Cancer survival is a key measure of the effectiveness of health-care systems. EUROCARE-the largest cooperative study of population-based cancer survival in Europe-has shown persistent differences between countries for cancer survival, although in general, cancer survival is improving. Major changes in cancer diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation occurred in the early 2000s. EUROCARE-5 assesses their effect on cancer survival in 29 European countries. In this retrospective observational study, we analysed data from 107 cancer registries for more than 10 million patients with cancer diagnosed up to 2007 and followed up to 2008. Uniform quality control procedures were applied to all datasets. For patients diagnosed 2000-07, we calculated 5-year relative survival for 46 cancers weighted by age and country. We also calculated country-specific and age-specific survival for ten common cancers, together with survival differences between time periods (for 1999-2001, 2002-04, and 2005-07). 5-year relative survival generally increased steadily over time for all European regions. The largest increases from 1999-2001 to 2005-07 were for prostate cancer (73.4% [95% CI 72.9-73.9] vs 81.7% [81.3-82.1]), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (53.8% [53.3-54.4] vs 60.4% [60.0-60.9]), and rectal cancer (52.1% [51.6-52.6] vs 57.6% [57.1-58.1]). Survival in eastern Europe was generally low and below the European mean, particularly for cancers with good or intermediate prognosis. Survival was highest for northern, central, and southern Europe. Survival in the UK and Ireland was intermediate for rectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, skin melanoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but low for kidney, stomach, ovarian, colon, and lung cancers. Survival for lung cancer in the UK and Ireland was much lower than for other regions for all periods, although results for lung cancer in some regions (central and eastern Europe) might be affected by overestimation. Survival usually decreased with age, although to different degrees depending on region and cancer type. The major advances in cancer management that occurred up to 2007 seem to have resulted in improved survival in Europe. Likely explanations of differences in survival between countries include: differences in stage at diagnosis and accessibility to good care, different diagnostic intensity and screening approaches, and differences in cancer biology. Variations in socioeconomic, lifestyle, and general health between populations might also have a role. Further studies are needed to fully interpret these findings and how to remedy disparities. Italian Ministry of Health, European Commission, Compagnia di San Paolo Foundation, Cariplo Foundation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. United Nations Impact on Child Soldier Use in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo: 1999-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-12

    remained at large at the time of writing ( Malinowski 2008). Psychological Effects and Indoctrination Some works defined the psychological effect of...imprisonment. Biyoyo subsequently escaped from prison and remained at large at the time of writing ( Malinowski 2008). From a purely judicial...Armed Conflict on Children. Report of the expert of the Secretary General, New York: United Nations. Malinowski , Tom. 2008. Child Soldiers

  8. Personalihaldusprogramm aitab korrastada töötajate andmed / Heiki Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Heiki

    2005-01-01

    Personaliarvestuses kasutatava personalihaldusprogrammi (HRM ehk Human Resourse Management) lühike tutvustus. Lisad: Ekraanipilt. Taavi Personali saab sisestada ka töötaja foto; Leia esimese korraga õige programm; Personaliprogrammi lõplik hind sõltub firma spetsiifikast. Vt. samas: Valdo Praust. Personaliprogrammis kasutatavad isikuandmed vajavad hoolikat kaitset

  9. História da proibição do skate em Blumenau/SC (1999-2007 = History of the prohibition of skateboarding in Blumenau/SC (1999-2007 = Historia de la prohibición del skate en Blumenau/SC (1999-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandão, Leonardo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho se insere num domínio historiográfico conhecido como "História do Esporte". Tomamos como estudo de caso a prática do skate, atividade usualmente inserida no âmbito dos "Esportes Radicais" e que vem sendo praticada por um conjunto significativo de jovens. O recorte geográfico da pesquisa é o município de Blumenau/ SC, geralmente lembrado por ser palco da Oktoberfest. Nesta cidade, a prática do skate foi proibida pela Lei nº 5211, que entrou em vigor no dia 17 de maio de 1999, sendo revogada somente em 2007, durante a gestão do prefeito João Paulo Kleinübing. Para compreender os motivos que levaram o skate a ser proibido, foi realizada uma pesquisa com base em fontes impressas, jornais e revistas, e também através de entrevistas com os principais atores sociais envolvidos com a prática do skate nessa cidade. O objetivo foi analisar tanto os motivos que levaram à proibição dessa atividade em Blumenau quanto seu retorno à legalidade, mapeando a ação dos principais agentes desse processo e também narrando os episódios que envolveram os atos de restrição e coibição à atividade, geralmente efetuados pela guarda municipal. Concluiu-se que, embora a proibição da prática do skate tenha sido decretada em 1999, uma coibição bastante rígida a essa prática já existia desde o final da década de 1980. Além disso, seu retorno à legalidade, ocorrido com a revogação da lei no ano de 2007, foi conquistada através da pressão organizada pelos skatistas, liderada por George Gonçalves, Presidente da União Blumenauense de Esportes Radicais (UBER, e com o apoio da revista 100% skate, uma publicação nacional especializada nessa atividade

  10. Kaks luustikku Tartu toomkirikust: arheoloogia ja osteoloogia andmed / Two skeletons from the Tartu Cathedral Cemetery: archaeological and osteological data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Malve

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with two case studies based on the osteological obtained in the rescue excavations in the Cathedral of Tartu in 2001 and 2008 (fig. 1. The first case study focuses on the skeleton of the child who suffered from congenital syphilis. The grave has been dated to the end of the 17th or the beginning of the 18th century. The child had been buried in the eighth nave of the northern aisle of the Cathedral (fig. 3. The grave was, according to the Christian burial traditions, west-oriented with the head facing towards the east. A Swedish 1/6 öre, minted during the reign of King Charles XI (1600–1697, was recovered from the grave. The skeleton was relatively complete and well preserved (fig. 2. Based on the dental eruption, the age at death was 9 years ± 24 months. Sexually distinctive characteristics had not developed, and thus it was impossible to determine the sex of the child. Both the microscopical and radiological analyses revealed that the skeleton had indicators of congenital syphilis. Damage from gummatous osteomyelitis and periostitis were visible on the skull and on the axial and appendicular skeleton (fig. 6, while Hutchinson’s incisors and Mulberry molars were present among the teeth. Deformations and damage on the bones suggest that the child had suffered from the disease for quite a long time.The second case study discusses a beheaded man found from the eighth nave in the southern aisle of the Cathedral (fig. 3. The grave pit had a depth of 80 cm from the medieval floor surface of the church, which indicates that the burial dates from the Middle Ages. Also, the head of the deceased pointed to the west.The bones were well preserved (fig. 6. Sex was determined from the characteristics of the skull and the length of the right humerus. Calcification of the cranial sutures and cartilages suggests that the age of the man at death was probably 50+. Macroscopic examination of the skeleton revealed that the man had suffered from slight forms of various spinal diseases, which include Schmorl’s nodes, spondyloarthrosis, and spondylosis. The fourth and fifth cervical vertebrae had ankylosis, the cause of which is unknown. Signs of osteoartrosis, a joint disease, were also noticed. Traumas recorded in the skeleton include a healed fracture of a rib and vertebral compression. The man’s head was decapitated with a sharp blade between the sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae (fig. 7.

  11. The picture of the Polish family in the lower-secondary school textbooks on Education for Family Life between the years 1999-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIOLA SZYBALSKA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of structure and content of the Family Life Education manuals aims at making the readers familiar with the concept of a contemporary Polish family which was presented in the curriculum content of the subject Family Life Education from 1998-2007.

  12. Age and case mix-standardised survival for all cancer patients in Europe 1999-2007: Results of EUROCARE-5, a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baili, Paolo; Di Salvo, Francesca; Marcos-Gragera, Rafael; Siesling, Sabine; Mallone, Sandra; Santaquilani, Mariano; Micheli, Andrea; Lillini, Roberto; Francisci, Silvia

    2015-10-01

    Overall survival after cancer is frequently used when assessing a health care service's performance as a whole. It is mainly used by the public, politicians and the media, and is often dismissed by clinicians because of the heterogeneous mix of different cancers, risk factors and treatment modalities. Here we give survival details for all cancers combined in Europe, correlating it with economic variables to suggest reasons for differences. We computed age and cancer site case-mix standardised relative survival for all cancers combined (ACRS) for 29 countries participating in the EUROCARE-5 project with data on more than 7.5million cancer cases from 87 population-based cancer registries, using complete and period approach. Denmark, United Kingdom (UK) and Eastern European countries had lower survival than neighbouring countries. Five-year ACRS has been increasing throughout Europe, and substantial increases, between 1999-2001 and 2005-2007, have been achieved in countries where survival was lower in the past. Five-year ACRS for men and women are positively correlated with macro-economic variables like the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Total National Expenditure on Health (TNEH) (R 2 about 70%). Countries with recent larger increases in GDP and TNEH had greater increases in cancer survival. ACRS serves to compare all cancer survival in Europe taking account of the geographical variability in case-mixes. The EUROCARE-5 data on ACRS confirm previous EUROCARE findings. Survival appears to correlate with macro-economic determinants, particularly with investments in the health care system. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Evidence of Employment Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Complaints Filed with State Enforcement Agencies 1999-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Christopher; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad

    2008-01-01

    To more accurately measure the effect of anti-discrimination laws, this report compares sex, race, and sexual orientation complaint rates through a population-adjusted model. Today, twenty states and the District of Columbia prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation. Of those, thirteen also prohibit discrimination on the basis of gender identity. An aggregation of all available state level data reveals that sexual orientation discrimination laws are used at similar freque...

  14. Representação política e de interesses: bases associativas dos deputados federais de 1999-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odaci Luiz Coradini

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto resulta de um trabalho centrado na análise do engajamento associativo no recrutamento e legitimação de elites políticas. Tomando os deputados federais que assumiram no período de 1999 a 2007, são examinadas as diferentes modalidades de relações com sindicatos e associações. Essas relações são confrontadas com outras condições e recursos presentes nos respectivos trajetos, tais como aqueles ligados à titulação escolar, ao montante do patrimônio econômico, à filiação partidária e à quantidade de mudanças de partido político. Conforme uma das conclusões gerais, ocorre uma forte homologia entre a distribuição dos deputados conforme suas vinculações associativas, na política partidária e no espaço político. Porém, não se trata apenas de alguma dicotomia entre esferas de atividades, associativas e político-partidárias, mas de diferentes padrões de complementaridade, afinidades eletivas, ambivalências e de distanciamento e, portanto, de recursos e modalidades que podem ser utilizadas em diferentes condições e processos de politização.This paper results from an analysis of the associative engagement for the recruitment and legitimization of political elites. The different modalities of the relations with unions and associations are examined considering the federal deputies who have taken their positions from 1999 to 2007. These relations are compared to other conditions and resources such as those related to schooling degree, the amount of economical property, partisan affiliation and the number of switching between political parties. According to one of the general conclusions, there is a strong homology between the distribution of federal deputies according to their associative relation, both in partisan politics and in the political environment. However, this is not simply a dichotomy between activities, associative and political-partisan scopes, but rather different patterns of complementarity, elective affinities, ambivalences and detachment, and therefore different patterns of resources and modalities that could be used in different conditions and processes for politization.

  15. The effects of smoking-related television advertising on smoking and intentions to quit among adults in the United States: 1999-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emery, Sherry; Kim, Yoonsang; Choi, Young Ku; Szczypka, Glen; Wakefield, Melanie; Chaloupka, Frank J

    2012-04-01

    We investigated whether state-sponsored antitobacco advertisements are associated with reduced adult smoking, and interactions between smoking-related advertising types. We measured mean exposure to smoking-related advertisements with television ratings for the top-75 US media markets from 1999 to 2007. We combined these data with individual-level Current Population Surveys Tobacco Use Supplement data and state tobacco control policy data. Higher exposure to state-sponsored, Legacy, and pharmaceutical advertisements was associated with less smoking; higher exposure to tobacco industry advertisements was associated with more smoking. Higher exposure to state- and Legacy-sponsored advertisements was positively associated with intentions to quit and having made a past-year quit attempt; higher exposure to ads for pharmaceutical cessation aids was negatively associated with having made a quit attempt. There was a significant negative interaction between state- and Legacy-sponsored advertisements. Exposure to state-sponsored advertisements was far below Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended best practices. The significant negative relationships between antismoking advertising and adult smoking provide strong evidence that tobacco-control media campaigns help reduce adult smoking. The significant negative interaction between state- and Legacy-sponsored advertising suggests that the campaigns reinforce one another.

  16. Eesti Vabariigi rahvusvahelised mitmepoolsed lepingud aastatest 1918-1940: ühinemine ja kehtivus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Vivian Loonela ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Aino Lepik von Wirén

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loonela, Vivian

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi riikluse areng, rahvusvaheliste mitmepoolsete lepingute kehtestamismenetlus, EV ühinemine rahvusvaheliste mitmepoolsete lepingutega Riigikogus, EV järjepidevus, lepingute staatus käesoleval hetkel

  17. Estonian Society and Political Pictures : 6 Case Studies / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2002-01-01

    Kuus lugu Eesti dokumentaal- ja poliitilisest fotograafiast - põgenemine Läände, eestlased Teises maailmasõjas, Jüri Liimi fotod 1990. aastatest, Carl Sarapi ja Peeter Toominga fotolood, Marko Laimre "Jaotatud territooriumid"

  18. Plaadid / Brigitta Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Brigitta, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Arabanda "Shams", Uno Loop "Viimane suudlus: Duetid aastatest 1964-1979", Mister Bond "A Jazzy Coctail Of Ice Cold Themes", Damien Rice "9", Kulo "Dysenteria", Bad Apples "When Colours Become Day And Night", Akon "Konvicted"

  19. Estonian economic growth slows down / Olavi Grünvald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünvald, Olavi

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti majandusliku arengu viimastest aastatest, 2007. aastal alanud majanduslangusest, mida iseloomustavad langus kinnisvaraturul, SKT kasvu aeglustumine, transiitkaubanduse vähenemine. Lisatud tabel diagramm ja graafikud

  20. Kultuuriajakirjad sotsioloogi pilguga / Marju Lauristin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauristin, Marju, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    Vaadeldakse "Keele ja Kirjanduse" ning teiste kultuuriajakirjade lugejate arvu muutumist 1950. aastatest kuni tänapäevani, ning mõtiskletakse lugejaskonna suurendamise võimalikkuse ja/või vajalikkuse üle

  1. Auraalne Contra / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Bibliogr. joonealustes märkustes. Rets. rmt. : Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Suusamütsi tutt : luulet aastatest 1974-2000. Urvaste ; Tartu : Mina Ise, 2001; Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Contra on õhk : [helikassett]. Urvaste :¡ Mina Ise, 2000

  2. Social consequences of transition : who recognize themselves to be poor in Estonia? / Tiiu Paas, Andres Võrk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Tiiu, 1949-

    2003-01-01

    Analüüs, kuidas on omavahel seotud leibkonna sissetulekuga määratud vaesus ja inimeste enda poolt antud hinnang oma majanduslikule olukorrale. Kasutatud on ESA Leibkonna Eelarve Uuringu andmeid aastatest 2000 ja 2001. Tabelid

  3. Uus võib olla unustatud vana / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    Vestlusest kooliajaloolase Ilmar Kopsoga, kes töötas läbi ja pani haridusministeeriumi tellimusel Internetti Eesti hariduskorralduse aktid aastatest 1918-1940. Nendega saab tutvuda aadressil: http://www.hm.ee/Haridusseadused-1918-1940/

  4. Tsena, ravnaja zhizni / Leonid Stolovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stolovitš, Leonid, 1929-2013

    2003-01-01

    Saksa arhitektuuriteoreetikust ja graafikust Kurt Magritzist ja tema fashismivastase sisuga graafikast ja joonistustest aastatest 1933-1945. 1966. a. mais oli K. Magritzi graafika näitus Tartu Kunstimuuseumis

  5. 1930. aastad Kaukaasias "Edasi" kolhoosis põllumehe silme läbi ja ajalehe "Edasi" veergudel. IV-V / Marika Mikkor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikkor, Marika, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Kaukaasias Eesti-Rohuaias elanud August Rootsi päevaraamatust 1929-1942 aastatest ja Leningradis ilmunud ajalehe "Edasi" kirjutistest stalinlike repressioonide, kollektiviseerimise ja eestlaste eluolu kohta Kaukaasias

  6. Plaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaadid kauplustest Lasering: Beck "The Information", Enigma "A Posteriori", Kosmikud "Pulmad ja matused", And One "Bodypop", Uno Loop "Viimane suudlus - duetid aastatest 1964-1979", Motörhead "Kiss Of Death"

  7. Contra pürib sajandi rahvakirjanikuks / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Suusamütsi tutt : luulet aastatest 1974-2000. Urvaste ; Tartu : Mina Ise, 2001. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 184-185, pealkirjaga "Contra - uue sajandi rahvakirjanik?"

  8. Sangaste loss / Otto Pius Hippius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hippius, Otto Pius, 1826-1883

    1996-01-01

    esmakordselt mainitud 13. saj. Sangaste mõisa omanik Berg, Friedrich Wilhelm (1794-1874). Lossi interjöörid, fotod 1920-ndatest aastatest, lossi välisvaade, foto 1920-ndatest aastatest, lk. 335. Loss, vaade esifassaadile, värv., lk. 336-337, Vaade lossile üle tiigi metsapargist, värv., lk. 338. Ballisaal, salong, värv.

  9. TAI ja TAE konverentsid / Ants Veetõusme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veetõusme, Ants, 1949-

    1999-01-01

    18.-21. septembrini 1999. a. Berliinis toimunud Euroopa Maksumaksjate Assotsiatsiooni (TAE) ja Rahvusvahelise Maksumaksjate Assotsiatsiooni (TAI) kongressidest. Lisatud andmed assotsiatsioonide liikmete kohta

  10. Tüdimus ; Levant ; Agoonia ; Varjutus ; Mälestuseks ; Jõed ; Jõulud ; Kui sina mu vend ; Faas ; Maetud sadam ; Õhtul ; Needus ; Juuni ; Magada ; Rahu : [luuletused] / Giuseppe Ungaretti ; tõlk. Malle Talvet ja Auli Ott

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ungaretti, Giuseppe

    2003-01-01

    Andmed autori kohta lk. 28. Orig.: Noia ; Levante ; Agonia ; Chiaroscuro ; In memoria ; I fiumi ; Natale ; Se tu mio fratello ; Fase ; Il porto sepolto ; Stasera ; Dannazione ; Giugno ; Dormire ; Quiete

  11. Elektriõnnetustest aastal 2005 / Meelis Kärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärt, Meelis

    2006-01-01

    Tehnilise Järelevalve Inspektsiooni andmed 2005. a. toimunud elektriga seotud õnnetusjuhtumite kohta. Võrdlusandmed varasemate aastatega. Statistilised diagrammid. Vt. ka: Võrk, Rein. Meenutusi elektriõnnetuste ekspertiisidest

  12. Social protection and satisfaction with democracy: a multi-level analysis / Kadri Lühiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lühiste, Kadri

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse sotsiaalkaitse kvaliteedi seoseid kodanike rahuloluga demokraatia funktsioneerimisega, aluseks 24 riigi Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed 2008. aastast, meetodina kasutatakse regressioonanalüüsi

  13. Eestlased sisustamas maailma suurimat laeva / Oliver Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Oliver, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    Soome laevaehitusfirma Kvaerner Masa-Yards kaasas Eesti sisustusfirma Lindal Private laevaehitusprojekti, mille tulemusel valmivad viie aasta jooksul kolm maailma suurimat luksusreisilaeva. Tabel: Maailma suurima reisilaeva tehnilised andmed

  14. The perfect match? A closer look at the relationship between EU consumer law and data protection law / Natali Helberger, Frederik Zuiderveen Borgesius, Agustin Reyna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helberger, Natali

    2017-01-01

    Andme- ja tarbijakaitse regulatsioonide vastastikusest mõjust kaitse regulatsiooni mõjust tarbijakaitses ja vastupidi (nt tarbijate teavitamine nn tasuta teenustest ja ebaõiglastest tingimustest tarbijalepingutes)

  15. Eestlastest teenistujad BÜ-s ja UNRRA-s, IRO-s

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1991-01-01

    Teadaolevad andmed kaheksa töötaja kohta. UNRRA = ÜRO Abistamis- ja Taastamisadministratsioon (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration); IRO = Rahvusvaheline Põgenikeorganisatsioon (International Refugee Organization )

  16. Mida on oodata majanduslanguse ootajatel / James C Cooper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cooper, James C

    2008-01-01

    USA majanduse prognoosimiseks tuleb autori sõnul jälgida nelja majandusnäitajat: iganeljapäevased andmed uute töötuskindlustushüvitise taotluste kohta, ostujuhtide assotsiatsiooni Institute of Supply Management tootmis- ja mittetootmissektori aktiivsusindeksid ning USA tööministeeriumi tööhõivearuanne. Tabel: Praegused andmed võrreldes varasemate majanduslangustega

  17. "Trust is not something you can reclaim easily": patenting in the field of direct-to-consumer genetic testing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterckx, S.; Cockbain, J.; Howard, H.C.; Huys, I.; Borry, P.

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: Recently, 23andMe announced that it had obtained its first patent, related to "polymorphisms associated with Parkinson's disease" (US-B-8187811). This announcement immediately sparked controversy in the community of 23andMe users and research participants, especially with regard to issues

  18. 600 filmi kenas ruskes Soome linnas / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Tampere 35. lühifilmide festivalil nähtust. Näidati ka täissaalile 12 Riho Undi ja Hardi Volmeri animafilmi aastatest 1986-2000. Grand prix "Suur Suudlus" läks vene päritolu Norra animaatorile filmi eest "Läbi mu paksude prillide" ("Gjennom mine tykke briller")

  19. Pop-art s britanskim aktsentom / Aleksandra Manukjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manukjan, Aleksandra

    2003-01-01

    Rotermanni soolalaos avatakse briti popkunsti näitus AS IS WHEN. Näha graafikat aastatest 1961-1972 kahekümnelt briti kunstnikult. Nimed loetletud, esile toodud Ricard Hamilton, David Hockney, Allen Jones. Korraldab Briti Nõukogu, kuraator Richard Riley

  20. Põhiseaduse riigikontrolli-peatüki teksti areng Põhiseaduse Assamblee menetluses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Toomas Mattson ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Igor Gräzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Põhiseaduse kavad aastatest 1989-1990 (Gräzini eelnõu, Talviku-Kaljuvee eelnõu), viie eelnõu võrdlus 1938. a. põhiseadusega (Raidla, Lepsi, Adamsi, Kulboki eelnõud), Põhiseaduse Assamblee istungitest - kolm lugemist ja neljas faas, menetluse käigus tehtud olulisemad muudatused

  1. Lasteaed = Day-care / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Lasteaedade ehitus Eestis algas 1920-ndatel aastatel. 1950-ndatest aastatest alates hakati lasteaedu ehitama tüüpprojektide järgi. Leidub ka üksikuid lasteaedu, mis pidid selle ehitanud ettevõtte jõukust ja hoolt demonstreerima

  2. Keila-Joa loss / Theodor Gehlhaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gehlhaar, Theodor, 1805-1871

    1996-01-01

    Lossiansambel, fragment 19. saj. keskpaiga kaardilt; lk. 328-329 (loss, Th. Gehlhaari akvatinta, 1832-1833. a.) värv.; lk. 330 (lossiansambel, Th. Gehlhaari akvatinta, 19. saj. II veerand), värv.; lk. 331 (lossiansambel, postkaart 1910. aastatest), värv.

  3. Kadunud linna otsinguil / Richard Woods

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Woods, Richard

    2000-01-01

    University of East Londoni arheoloogiatudeng Alan Robinson leidis 1998. a. Mehhiko dzhunglist umbes aastatest 600-900 pKr pärineva linna, mis katab 12 ruutmiili suuruse ala. Seni on leitud 11 väljakut, 10 püramiidikujulist ehitist, 6 ümmargust ehitist, 11 sammast.

  4. Sotsialistlik realism Eestis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Kunstimuuseumis näitus "Sotsialistliku realismi võidukäik? Eestis". Kuraator Reet Mark. Vaadata saab aastatel 1948-56 Moskvast ja Leningradist Eestisse saadetud "näidiskunsti" ja sotsialistlikku realismi eesti autoritelt aastatest 1940-1956. 11. X ettekannete päeval esinejaid

  5. The oldest Danish ballad tradition in its socio-cultural setting / Hanne Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Hanne

    2003-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb 1993-1998 a. läbi viidud põhjalikul uurimistööl, milles uuriti taani ballaadide ja laulude käsikirju aastatest 1550-1700 ning ka nende omanikke ja kollektsionääre sotsiaalkultuurilises kontekstis

  6. Mir̤ näitus Stockholmis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Hispaania kunstniku Joan Mir̤ looming koos sürrealistide töödega 30. augustini Stockholmi vastavatud Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumis (arhitekt Rafael Moneo). Eksponeeritud 150 Mir̤ teost alates 1919. aastast, kõige rohkem on väljas maale 1920-1950. aastatest

  7. Siserände suundumused 20. sajandil = Trends of internal migration during the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century / Alis Tammur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2008-01-01

    Siserände suundadest Eestis alates 1920ndatest aastatest kuni 2007. aastani. Kaart: Linnadesse tulnud endise alalise elukoha järgi, 1922-1934. Graafik: Siserände vanusjaotus. Tabel: Linnade ja maa-asulate vahelised rändesuunad 2000-2007

  8. Ajalugu ja ajaloo peegeldused / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Tiina Tammetalu ja Lilian Mosolaineni ühisnäitus Hobusepea galeriis, Leonhard Lapini näitus "Looming aastatest 1971-1973" Eesti Panga kuppelsaalis, Liina Siibi näitus "Marlowe" Tallinna Linnagaleriis, Ly Lestbergi näitus "Kusagil mujal" Jaani seegi muuseumis, näitus "Ernö Koch. Ungari kunstnik Eestis" Ungari Instituudi galeriis

  9. Korp! Rotalia Los Angeleses / Bruno Laan, Jüri Tint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laan, Bruno, 1926-

    1988-01-01

    Sisaldab ka nimekirja rotalustest ja nende perekonnaliikmetest XIV Lääneranniku Eesti Päevade juhtkonnas, Los Angelese konvendi presiidiumite nimekirja aastatest 1957-1986, Los Angelese konvendi magistrite ja ametmeeste nimekirja 1960-1986 ja konvendis peetud referaatide nimekirja 1959-1985

  10. Participation, equality of opportunity and returns to tertiary education in contemporary Europe / Fabrizio Bernardi, Gabriele Ballarino

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bernardi, Fabrizio

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse kõrghariduspoliitikat Euroopas, täpsemalt võrdsete haridusvõimaluste edendamist ning tööjõu pakkumise ja nõudluse arendamist, aluseks 2005. aasta EU-SILC ja 23 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmeid aastatest 2002-2010

  11. Endla Teatrigalerii avab uue hooaja kahe väljapanekuga : Huvilised võivad vaadata lastemoodi ja aktifotosid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    2. septembrist kuni 28. oktoobrini saab Endla Teatrikohvikus vaadata Katrina Tangi fotonäitust "Vanaema kodu võlud". 3. septembrist kuni 29. septembrini on Teatrigalerii sammassaalis avatud Mats Õuna fotonäitus "BestBefore 47 – Aktuaalne kaamera. Fotod aastatest 2005–2011"

  12. EL turud avanevad / Säde Kelder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelder, Säde

    2004-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Eesti toidukaupade väliskaubandusstatistikat aastatest 2000-2002. Diagrammid: Põllumajandussaaduste eksport aastatel 2000-2002; Põllumajandussaaduste eksport ilma tolliladudeta ja import vabaks ringluseks Eestis aastatel 1994-2002; Põllumajandussaaduste import aastatel 2000-2002

  13. Tagasisidet peab töötajale vahendama ülemus / Mait Raava

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raava, Mait

    2004-01-01

    Autor teeb lühiülevaate 360ʻ ja teiste tagasiside meetodite rakendamisest maailmas alates 1950ndatest aastatest ning juhib tähelepanu vigadele, mida meetodi rakendamisel on tehtud. Kommenteerib Irene Metsis. Skeem: Juht saab tagasiside nelja kanali kaudu. Vt. samas: Rollist tulenevalt on tagasiside erinev

  14. Kevadtiivul Eestisse / Heli Silma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silma, Heli

    2000-01-01

    Kathleen Caillier'i (s. 1967) näitus "Kevadtiivul" La Galerie Passage'is. Eksponeeritud õrnades toonides lillemaalid, natüürmordid ja maastikud aastatest 1994-2000. Kunstnik on täiendanud töid luuleridadega.

  15. Tippkunstnike müügiedu Tallinnas / Georg Poslawski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poslawski, Georg

    1998-01-01

    Müüginäitustest. 3.-21. märtsini Vaal-galeriis Antoni T̉piesi graafikakollektsioon aastatest 1973-1994. 5. märtsil pakkus Deco galerii Tallinna WTCs Salvador Dali graafikat - üheksat litograafiat sarjast "Lilled". Kunstnikest, nende loomingust. Hindadest.

  16. Vid na himkombinat v Maardu so stenõ Hudozhestvennoi galerei / A. Orshanskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orshanskaja, A.

    1999-01-01

    Eesti akvarellistide ühingu vabariiklikust näitusest Narva kunstigaleriis : akvarelle aastatest 1960 - 1999 eri põlvkondade 43 kunstnikult. Esinevad ka 6 Narva kunstnikku : Igor Gordin, Vera Lantsova, Anne Pärtel, Jelena Sabinina, Tatjana Sonina, Irina Sopina.

  17. Kuldsõduri ja ufo invasioon / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Kristina Normani isikunäitus "Me ei ole universumis üksi" Tallinna Kunstihoones 10. aprillist 9. maini 2010. Näitus hõlmab kunstniku loomingut aastatest 2007 - 2010. Installatsioonist "After-War" ja kunstiteosest, mille aluseks on ufomälestusmärk Padisel Pae külas Poosimatsi talus

  18. Minevikutõlgenduste ja ajakäsituste uurimine pärimusliku ajaloo vaatepunktist : kahe temaatilise jutustuse näitel / Tiiu Jaago

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaago, Tiiu, 1960-

    2004-01-01

    Virumaa tööstusala arengut käsitlevast kahest kirjalikust jutustusest aastatest 1961 ja 2001. Artiklis analüüsitakse sündmuste ja jutustamise aja omavahelisi seoseid ning ajastu tõlgendamist mõjutavaid tegureid

  19. Nõukogudemaa underground bootleg'id / Margus Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Margus

    2008-01-01

    DVDst "Päratrusti pärand" - ENSV Riikliku Kultuurijäätmete Töötlemise Artelli "Päratrust" kultusfilmide kogumikust. Mustvalged underground-lühimängufilmid "Tsarli läheb Tallinna", "Tsaar Muhha", "Neurootiline pärastlõuna", "Kalkar", "Päratee" jt. aastatest 1980 -1983, filmid on taashelindatud 2007. aastal

  20. Richard Avedon ja Annie Leibovitz laulsid kaanonit / Marika Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Marika

    2008-01-01

    Richard Avedoni (1923-2004) retrospektiivnäitusest (fotod aastatest 1946-2004) kuraator Helle Crenzien (Lousiana Kaasaegse Kunsti muuseum Taanis), millega kaasnes ka Helen Whitney film "Richard Avedon : darkness and light" ja Annie Leibovitzi (1949) suurprojektist "A photographer's life 1990-2005" Pariisis

  1. Kui too suvi poleks olnud nii vihmane / Theodore K. Rabb

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rabb, Theodore K.

    2003-01-01

    1520. aastatest, mil olid rängad ilmastiku tingimused, mis takistasid Osmanite sultani Süleyman Toreda sissetungi Euroopasse. Samal teemal : Pierson, Peter. Kui püha liiga poleks kõikuma löönud, lk. 128

  2. Kirjavahetus, millest sündis kirjanik / Eerik Purje ; fotod: Eerik Purje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Eerik, 1927-

    2010-01-01

    6. mai õhtul toimus Tartu College’i meeskorporatsioonide ruumis Piret Noorhani loeng, milles lektor käsitas peaasjalikult Ella Ilbaku ja August Gailiti kirjavahetust aastatest 1952 - 1961. Selle kirjavahetuse on ta ka avaldanud raamatuna möödunud aastal

  3. Kohandumatu vs kohandamatu / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Kuidas kirjutada kassafilmi" ("Adaption") : stsenarist Charlie Kaufman : režissöör Spike Jonze : peaosades Nicolas Cage : Ameerika Ühendriigid, 2002. Lisatud andmed ja filmograafia Charlie Kaufmani kohta

  4. Eesti filmi "Jade Warrior" esilinastus Torontos / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina ja Eesti ühistöö) esilinastus eile Toronto filmifestivalil. Andmed filmi tootmise ja levitamise kohta

  5. Kogu elu tööliste keskel / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Portreefilm filmimees Semjon Shkolnikovist "Igaviku seisukohalt" : stsenarist Igor Ruus : režissöörid Igor Ruus ja Heli Speek : produtsent Igor Ruus : Estonia Film 2002. Lisatud andmed Igor Ruusi, Heli Speegi ja Aarne Rubeni kohta, lk. 114

  6. Why call it „equality” when it should be „achievement”? A proposal to un-correct the „corrected gender gaps” in the EU Gender Equality Index / Inaki Permanyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Permanyer, Inaki

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis kritiseeritakse Euroopa Liidu Sotsiaalse Võrdõiguslikkuse Instituudi 2013. aastal väljapakutud soolise võrdõiguslikkuse indeksit, kuna see võib olla eksitav selle potentsiaalsetele kasutajatele. Esitatakse ka korrigeeritud andmed riikide (sh Eesti) kohta

  7. Self-perceived job insecurity across Europe over time: Does changing context matter? / Christiane Lübke, Marcel Erlinghagen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lübke, Christiane

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel keskendub inimeste tööalasele ebakindlusele ning seda mõjutatavatele teguritele Euroopas (sh Eesti). Mitmetasandilise analüüsi aluseks on OECD vastavad indikaatorid ja Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed

  8. The increase in cohabitation and the role of union status in family policies: A comparison of 12 European countries / Nora Sánchez Gassen, Brienna Perelli-Harris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sánchez Gassen, Nora

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse koos elavate, kuid abielus mitteolevate inimeste arvukust, nende õigusi/õigusetust 12 Euroopa riigis (sh Eesti), aluseks Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed ning autorite moodustatud poliitika andmebaas

  9. Representations of the past in the Estonian Russian-language press: „own” or diaspora memory / Triin Vihalemm, Valeria Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vihalemm, Triin, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse kollektiivse identiteedi küsimust venekeelsete elanike seas Eestis, aluseks 2009. aastal kohalikus venekeelses ajakirjanduses ilmunud ajaloosündmusi käsitlevad tekstid. Võrdlusena tuuakse andmed eestikeelsest ajakirjandusest. Tabelid

  10. Bez Arafata vzrõvat ne budut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Palestiina peaminister Ahmed Kurei pöördus Hamasi juhtide poole palvega mitte korraldada Iisraeli vastu terroriakte Yasser Arafati eemaloleku ajal. Täpsed andmed Arafati tervisliku seisundi kohta puuduvad

  11. Super Cyber Villains / Marge Tubalkain-Trell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tubalkain-Trell, Marge

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kurjategijate grupp varastas 40 miljoni krediitkaardi andmed. Küberrünnakud on saanud strateegiliseks relvaks väikeriikide ründamisel, Venemaa on juba rünnanud Eestit, Gruusiat ja Leedut

  12. Hispaania kurk, made in Poland / Gunnel Koba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koba, Gunnel

    2009-01-01

    Taimekaitse vahendite kahjulikust mõjust inimese tervisele ning Veterinaar- ja toiduameti andmed Eestis aastail 1998-2007 uuritud puu-, juur- ning aedviljade taimekaitsevahendite ja pestitsiidijääkide seire proovidest

  13. Kalevipoeg - ein Interview mit Prof. Dr. Peter Petersen / Peter Petersen ; interv. Laine Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petersen, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Kalevipoja uuest saksakeelsest väljaandest: Kalevipoeg : das estnische Nationalepos / in der Übersetzung von Ferdinand Löwe ; herausgegeben von Peter Petersen Ilm. andmed Stuttgart ; Berlin : Mayer, 2004.

  14. Aasta 1998 : Põhjamaalased eirasid loodusseadusi... ka kindlustuses / River Tomera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomera, River

    1999-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti kindlustusturust 1998.a. Sundkindlustuse turg, ettevõtete turg, eraisikute turg, õnnetusjuhtumi- ja reisikindlustus, elukindlustuse turg (1997. ja 1998.a. andmed: juurdekasv, segmendi osa turul). 1998.a.

  15. Kogumispensioniga 100 000 liitunut / Paavo Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Paavo

    2002-01-01

    Hansa Pensionifondide juht Paavo Põld annab ülevaate Hansapanga pensionifondide hetkeseisust. Tabelid: fondide mahtude prognoos 2002. aasta lõpuks; andmed kolme Hansapanga pensionifondi (K1, K2, K3) kohta 23. septembri seisuga

  16. Staatuspalga eelnõu / Ivar Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Ivar, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Kõrgemate riigiteenijate palgakorraldusest ja vastavast seaduseelnõust. Lisatud: riigiteenijate palga muutus. Tabelis on toodud andmed ka presidendi palga kohta. Vt. ka juhtkiri lk. 2: Palgad jälle tõusevad

  17. Doroga do jevroporoga / Mihhail Tuzhikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuzhikov, Mihhail

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade investeeringutest maanteede remonti Eestis, Lätis, Leedus, samuti projektidest Via Baltica ja Via-Hanseatica. Tabel: Võrdlevad andmed Baltimaade ja Soome teedest. Diagrammid: Investeeringute jagunemine Baltimaades projektis Via Baltica 1996-2006

  18. Institutional context and representational strain in party-voter agreement in Western and Eastern Europa / Robert Rohrschneider, Stephen Whitefield

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohrschneider, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Uus teoreetiline seletus valimisinstitutsioonide mõjust poliitika ühildumisele, võttes arvesse valijate kasvavat jagunemist, nt partisanid ja sõltumatud. Aluseks 24 Euroopa riigi (sh Eesti) andmed. Joonised, tabelid

  19. Vene Teatri juht Marek Demjanov vaatab tänasesse päeva / Marek Demjanov ; interv. Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Demjanov, Marek

    2006-01-01

    Teatri remondi käigust, pikemalt kevadel Moskvast naasvatest noortest näitlejatest (õppisid neli aastat Moskva Kunstiteatri koolstuudios), publikust. Lisatud Marek Demjanovi eluloolised andmed ja Vene Teatri tegevuskava 2006

  20. Rahvusvaheline metsandusstatistika = International forest statistics / M. Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Madis

    2007-01-01

    Andmed pärinevad ÜRO Toitlus- ja Põllumajandusorganisatsiooni (FAO) andmebaasist. Maailma ja Euroopa metsaressursid, ümarpuidu ja saematerjali, maailma paberi ja pabertoodete suurimad tootjad 1970-2005

  1. Rahvusvaheline metsandusstatistika = International forest statistics / M. Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Andmed pärinevad ÜRO Toitlus- ja Põllumajandusorganisatsiooni (FAO) andmebaasist. Maailma ja Euroopa metsressursid, ümarpuidu ja saematerjali, maailma paberi ja pabertoodete suurimad tootjad 1970-2006

  2. Economic performance and political trust: the impact of the financial crisis on European citizens / Veronica Fagerland Kroknes, Tor Georg Jakobsen, Lisa-Marie Gronning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fagerland Kroknes, Veronica

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse majandusliku olukorra (konkreetselt 2007-2008. aasta majanduskriisi) ja poliitilise usalduse seoseid Euroopa eri riikides (sh Eesti), aluseks Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu, Maailmapanga ja Rahvusvahelise Valuutafondi andmed

  3. "Kuninganna" Tallinnas / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Tänasest on Sõpruse kinos Stephen Frearsi mängufilm "Kuninganna" ("The Queen") : stsenarist Peter Morgan : kuninganna Elizabeth II kehastab Helen Mirren, peaminister Tony Blair'i Michael Sheen. Lisatud andmed Helen Mirreni kohta

  4. Vastaspoolte inimkaotustest Narva rindel 1944. aasta 24. juulist kuni 7. augustini (Narva ja Sinimägede lahingud) / Artjom Astafjev, Andrus Kütt, Reigo Rosenthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Astafjev, Artjom

    2015-01-01

    Fotod dokumentidest ja tabelid inimkaotustest. Kokkuvõttes võib Punaarmee kaotusi nendes lahingutes hinnata 35 000 inimesele, Saksa vägede kaotusi hinnatakse umbes 10100 inimeseni. Andmed on ligikaudsed

  5. Double standards: Differences in norms on voluntary childlessness for men and women / Arieke J. Rijken, Eva-Maria Merz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rijken, Arieke J.

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse vabatahtliku lastetuse normide erinevust meeste ja naiste puhul, nende normide sisu ja kujunemise põhjuseid, aluseks Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu (2006) andmed. Tuuakse välja riikidevahelised (sh Eesti) erinevused

  6. Vaesusriski muutused Eestis / Ene-Margit Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiit, Ene-Margit, 1934-

    2006-01-01

    Seoses Eesti majanduse kiire arenguga tellis sotsiaalministeerium 2005. aastal uue tarbimiskaalude hinnangu, mille aluseks olid leibkonna eelarvehinnangu andmed aastaist 2000-2004 ning hinnati erineva struktuuriga leibkondade tarbimiskulutusi. Diagrammid. Graafikud

  7. Raimond Valgre noorem vend - kes ta oli? : Kuno-Enn Valgre (30.05.1918-02.03.1987) / Valdur Ohmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ohmann, Valdur, 1958-

    2011-01-01

    Vastukäivad andmed ärgitasid uurima, kes õigupoolest oli Valgre noorem vend. Kõige ehedamalt annab Enn Valgre sõjaaegse käekäigu edasi ülekuulamisprotokoll 11. novembrist 1944. Ülekuulamisprotokolli tekst

  8. Prints ja kerjus Linnateatris / Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Anneli, 1973-

    1999-01-01

    4. juunil Linnateatri hoovil asuvas lavaaugus esietenduvast "Prints ja kerjus", Mark Twaini romaani järgi kirjutanud Peeter Sauter, lavastaja Jaanus Rohumaa. Suvelavastuse tegijate andmed ja Jaanus Rohumaa kohta lühiandmed

  9. Maailmarändur kiirustab vabas graafikus / Kerttu Jänese

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänese, Kerttu, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Maailmafilmi programmikoordinaator, etnoloog ja filmirežissöör Liivo Niglas (1970).Tema koos Frode Storaasiga tehtud dokumentaalfilm vihma loitsimisest Aafrikas "Vihmategemine" (Eesti - Norra - Mosambiik 2007) esilinastus Tartus MaailmFilmi festivalil. Lisatud andmed hariduse ja loomingu kohta

  10. Pila paatose asemel / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm animaator Priit Pärnast "Mees animatsioonist" : režissöör Hardi Volmer : peaprodutsent ja operaator Arko Okk : stsenarist Toomas Kall : helilooja Olav Ehala : Acuba Film 2005. Lisatud andmed H. Volmeri kohta

  11. The role of cultural context in explaining cross-national gender gaps in STEM expectations / Anne McDaniel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McDaniel, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse naiste esindatuse põhjusi loodus- ja tehnikateadustes, tehnoloogias ja matemaatikas, aluseks 24 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu ja Maailmapanga üliõpilaste ametialaste ootuste uuringu andmed

  12. Jahindus = Hunting / Jüri Tõnisson, Kaarel Roht, Peep Männil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnisson, Jüri, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Jahimeeste poolt loendatavate ulukite arvukus ja küttimine. Statistilised andmed 1985-2005. aasta jahihooajast. Põdra arvukus ja küttimine 1960-2005. Erinevate jahiulukite populatsioonide seisund Eesti metsades. Tabelid, diagrammid, graafikud

  13. Jahindus = Hunting / Jüri Tõnisson, Kaarel Roht, Peep Männil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnisson, Jüri, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Jahimeeste poolt loendatavate ulukite arvukus ja küttimine. Statistilised andmed 1985-2006. aasta jahihooajast. Põdra arvukus ja küttimine 1960-2006. Erinevate jahiulukite populatsioonide seisund Eesti metsades. Tabelid, diagrammid, graafikud

  14. Suhted õpetajatega kui õpilaste koolirõõmu ennustav tegur: eesti ja vene koolide võrdlus = Relationships Between Students and Teachers as a Predictor of School Motivation in Estonia and Russian Schools / Leida Talts, Eva-Maria Kangro, Maia Muldm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Leida, 1943-

    2013-01-01

    Artikkel käsitleb õpilaste ja õpetajate vaheliste suhete seoseid koolirõõmuga. Andmed tuginevad projekti "Aktiivne ja turvaline koolipäev - SAS" raames korraldatud uuringu osale, mis käsitleb õpilaste arvamusi suhete kvaliteedist koolikeskkonnas

  15. Talv venib edasi ; Aspasia ; "Kohtumine..." ; Dora Markus ; "Hakkad rääkima minust sellesama..." ; "Iidne meri, olen joobubud häälest..." ; "Selles punktis peatu..." ; Väike testament : [luuletused] / Eugenio Montale ; tõlk. Lauri Pilter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montale, Eugenio

    2003-01-01

    Andmed autori kohta lk. 28. Orig.: L'inverno si prolunga, il sole adopera ; Aspasia ; Incontro ; Dora Markus ; Parlerai di me con lo stesso ; Antico, sono ubriacato dalla voce ; A questo punto ; Piccolo testamento

  16. Draakon teritab küüniseid / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Hiina-USA viimaste aastakümnete tõsisem konflikt, mis sai alguse Hainani intsidendist. Hiina suhtes 1989. a. kehtestatud relvaemargo kaotamisest. USA julgeoleku- ja Euroopa Liidu majandushuvid. Tabel: Hiina sõjaliste kulutuste ametlikud andmed

  17. Naqoyqatsi / Todd McCarthy ; tõlk. Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McCarthy, Todd

    2003-01-01

    PÖFFil näidatavaid filme - USA dokumentaalfilm 2002. aastast "Naqoyqatsi", mille stsenarist ja režissöör on Godfrey Reggio, muusika autor Philip Glass. Lisatud andmed Godfrey Reggio kohta, lk. 103

  18. Iain Harvey - inglasest võlur-produtsent / Iain Harvey ; interv. Heilika Võsu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Harvey, Iain

    2003-01-01

    Londoni animafilmistuudio "The Illuminated Film Company" produtsent Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams 2002" külalisena. Lisatud andmed I. Harvey loomingulise tegevuse kohta, lk. 103

  19. Tulumaksu laekumine on olnud hea / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2008-01-01

    11 kuu andmed näitavad, et Saare maakonnas tervikuna peaks 2008. aasta tulumaksu laekumise plaan täituma. Diagrammid: Füüsilise isiku tulumaksu laekumine saare maakonna omavalitsustes 2008. a. 11 kuu andmed: laekumise % 2009. a. kavandatud eelarvest; Üksikisiku tulumaksu laekumise tempo aastatel 2007 ja 2008 (11 kuu laekumised võrreldes eelneva aasta sama perioodiga). Kommenteerib Kihelkonna vallavanem Jüri Saar

  20. The Impact of Globalization on Political Development in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Impact of Globalization on Political Development in Nigeria (1999-2007) ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... This problem is analyzed in view of attenuated democratic institutions, inefficient public service, and rent ...

  1. Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research - Vol 9, No 3 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Binding Cultures: A Symbiotic Vision of Francis Bebey in Agatha Moudio's Son ... The Impact of Globalization on Political Development in Nigeria (1999-2007) ... into Zimbabwe's Government of National Unity: Assessing the Challenges and ...

  2. Kindrali saatus : Lavastus kindral Laidonerist jõuab Ameerika Ühendriikidesse / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Mart Kivastiku lavastusest "Sõdur" - Johan Laidoneri viimastest aastatest. Etendust mängitakse New Yorgis, Baltimores, Chicagos ja Los Angeleses New Yorgi Eesti Kultuuripäevade 2008 raames. Artikkel sisaldab eluloolisi andmeid Johan Laidonerist, tema naisest Mariast, Konstantin Pätsist ja August Reist ning fakte NSV Liidu ettevalmistustöödest terrori vallandamiseks, rahvusliku eliidi kavakindlaks hävitamiseks juba enne Eesti okupeerimist

  3. Surprising similarities: Recent monetary regimes of small economies / Andrew K. Rose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rose, Andrew K.

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel keskendub väikese majandusega riikide (sh Eesti) rahapoliitikale enne ja pärast ülemaailmset finantskriisi. Kokku analüüsitakse 170 riigi näitajaid aastatest 2007-2012 ning jõutakse järeldusele, et riikide rahapoliitika mõju makromajanduslikele ja finantstagajärgedele on tegelikult üllatavalt väike

  4. The avant-garde is not dead / René Block ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Block, René, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu saksa galeristi ja kuraatori René Blockiga, kes 1964. a. avas Berliinis galerii, kus eksponeeris J. Beuysi, S. Polke, G. Richteri jt. töid. Töötamisest kuraatorina alates 1970. aastatest, biennaalide tulevikust, avangardist. René Blocki galeriis 1966. a. toimunud Joseph Beuys'i performance'ist "Kuidas seletada kunsti surnud jänesele", millest inspireerituna teater NO99 lõi samanimelise lavastuse

  5. Positiivse büroomaja-kujundi otsingud / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    1998-01-01

    Eesti büroohoonetest alates 1970. aastatest. 1998. a. uutest büroohoonetest (Norma grupi büroomaja Hobujaama t., Emajõe ärikeskus Kalle Rõõmuse arhitektuuribüroolt, Ärimaja Pärnu mnt. ja EVEA panga büroohoone büroolt Künnapu & Padrik, Kawe Plaza), materjalidest (väljendus materjalide kaudu).

  6. Kiasmas saab ülevaate kaasaegse kunsti (ja elu) problemaatikast / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Seppo Renvalli retrospektiiv Taidehallis. Eksponeeritud 1990-ndate algul tehtud pinhole-säritusi, paar fotoseeriat, üle kümne 16mm kinofilmi ja video aastatest 1991-2005, installatsioon "The Ball Show" (1998-2001). Poliitilise kaasaegse kunsti väljapanek "Fractures of Life" Kiasma kollektsioonidest. Kuraatorid Tuula Karjalainen, Marja Sakari, Eija Aarnio, Leena-Maija Rossi, Erkki Berndson. Eesti kunstnike loomingust oli väljas Jaan Toomiku video "Untitled" (2001). Santiago Serra teosest

  7. Pärandkultuur - muinsuskaitse reserv / Jüri Kusmin, Vaike Pommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kusmin, Jüri

    2008-01-01

    Riigimetsa Majandamise Keskuse initsiatiivil ja Euroopa struktuurifondide toel viidi aastatel 2005-2007 Eesti neljas maakonnas - Läänemaa, Raplamaa, Harjumaal ja Järvamaal - läbi metsandusliku pärandkultuuri inventuur. Kaardistatud on enam kui 6300 objekti. Andmed on kantud Maa-Ameti andmebaasi geoportaali X-GIS.

  8. Does the cultural context matter? The effect of a country's gender-role attitudes on female labor supply / Wilfred Uunk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uunk, Wilfred

    2015-01-01

    Artikkel käsitleb egalitaarsete soorollide kui kultuurikonteksti ühe olulise komponendi mõju naiste osalemisele tööturul. Analüüsi aluseks on 33 riigi (sh Eesti) 2008. aasta Euroopa väärtusuuringu andmed

  9. Normative climates of parenthood across Europe: judging voluntay childlessness and working parents / Veronique Eicher, Richard A. Settersten, Sandra Penic ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse ühiskonna normatiivse kliima mõju indiviidi hoiakutele kahe ebatraditsioonilise soorolli (vabatahtlik lastetus ja töötamine täistööajaga ajal, mil lapsed on väiksed) puhul, aluseks 21 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed

  10. Ühe sümptomi kirjeldus - Sillamäe Jeanne D'Arc / Karol Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Karol

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : stsenarist, režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003. Lisatud andmed M. Muhu senise loomingu kohta lk. 112

  11. K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli : [luuletused] / Marcelijus Martinaitis ; tõlk. Mihkel Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinaitis, Marcelijus

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli ; K. B.: prügikastide inglid ; K. B. reklaamib hambapastat Colgate ; K. B. mullatöödel välja tulnud säilmete kirjeldus ; K. B. kuuendast, olematust korrusest ; K. B. Üksindusest, mis jättis ta maha. Andmed autori kohta lk. 1211

  12. Tänavu oli M&A tehingute murdepunkt / Kristin Ojamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojamäe, Kristin

    2004-01-01

    2004. aastal on taaskord näha ettevõtete ühinemis- ja ostu-müügitehingute arvu ja mahu kasvu. 11 kuu andmed näitavad võrreldes 2003. aasta sama perioodiga 47%-list kasvu lõpule viidud tehingute mahtudes. Diagramm: Tehingute tippaeg jääb 2000. aastasse

  13. Arheologi otkrõli fragment sten na gorke Harju / Urmas Seaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seaver, Urmas, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Vabadussamba asukoha ettevalmistustööde käigus leidsid arheoloogid Harjumäel fragmendi ajaloolisest Ingeri bastioni müürist. Arheoloogiliste kaevamistega saadavad andmed on vajalikud lõpliku eskiisprojekti koostamiseks. Vastavalt monumendi projektile avatakse bastioni müürid eksponeerimiseks

  14. Nukufilm, mis pani kihama kogu Soome / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Nukufilm "Uurali liblikas" (peategelaseks marssal Mannerheim) : režissöör Katariina Lillqvist : Soome 2008. Filmi esitleb Tallinnas K. Lillqvist uuel sariüritusel Animateek, mille taga seisavad festival Animated Dreams, EKA ja Kumu auditoorium. Lisatud andmed režissööri ja Animateegi kohta

  15. Täiendusi hiliskeskaegse Haapsalu ja Kuressaare kirikuloole / Anu Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Anu, 1968-

    2015-01-01

    Andmed Haapsalu ja Kuressaare pühakodade , neis paiknenud altarite ja läbi viidud liturgia kohta on napid ja pärinevad enamjaolt 16. sajandi esimesest veerandist. Pole selge kui suures osas õnnestus katoliiklikke teenistusi rahastada pärast reformatsiooni

  16. Toomkiriku Saueri orel saab korda! / Hugo Lepnurm, Toomas Mäeväli ; interv. Alo Põldmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepnurm, Hugo, 1914-1999

    1998-01-01

    Prof. Hugo Lepnurm ja orelimeister Toomas Mäeväli Toomkiriku Saueri oreli restaureerimise käigust saksa firmas Orgelwerkstatt Christian Scheffler. Oreli sisseõnnistamine 1. augustil 1998. Samas andmed oreli elukäigust. Oreli ehitas 1858. a. saksa meister Friedrich Ladegast. Eestis viimasel ajal töökorda saadud teistest orelitest.

  17. Tüdruk filmis, kuidas kasuisa teda väärkohtles / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    Alaealiste seksuaalse väärkohtlemisega seotud kohtuasjast, mida kommenteerivad Põhja ringkonnaprokuratuuri prokurör Saskia Kask ja Põhja politseiprefektuuri lastekaitsetalituse juhtivinspektor Pille Alaver. Lisatud statistilised andmed 2006. aastal algatatud ja kohtusse saadetud laste seksuaalse väärkohtlemis kohtuasjadest

  18. On legal bases and process of accreditation of teaching of law in Estonia (University of Tartu Faculty of Law case) / Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Õigusharidust andvate õppeasutuste akrediteerimisest; Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnast ning selle avaliku õiguse ja eraõiguse instituutidest, õppeprogrammist, magistri- ja doktoriõppest ning teadustegevusest. Lisatud andmed 1993.-1998. a. kaitstud teadustööde kohta, õppejõudude osalemise kohta seaduseelnõude ettevalmistamisel ning publikatsioonide kohta

  19. "Admiral Pitka" - eeskujulikult esimene / Ülle Rajasaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajasaar, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Mereväe lipulaeva "Admiral Pitka" osalemisest NATO kiirreageerimisjõudude miinitõrjegrupi missioonil. Missiooni ajal laeva komandörina teeninud vanemleitnant Jüri Saskast. Laeva osalemisest Trafalgari mereparaadil ja Eesti esimesel mereväeparaadil Küdema lahel. Lisad: Staabi- ja varustuslaev "Admiral Pitka"A 230; Tehnilised andmed

  20. Abielluda! Abielluda! Abielluda! / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus Jane Austeni romaani ekraniseeringule "Mõistus ja tunded" ("Sens and Sensibility") : stsenarist Emma Thompson : režissöör Ang Lee : Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid 1995. Lisatud andmed režissööri kohta

  1. "Mul oli tunne, et sõidaksin nagu kihlusele" / Verni Leivak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leivak, Verni, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    W. Shakespeare'i "Romeo ja Julia", Eesti Draamateatri Vene Draamateatri ühistööna, lavastaja A. Prosa, osades J. Rudina Peterburist ja M. Malmsten. Lisatud andmed külalisnäitleja J. Rudina ja "Romeo ja Julia" aluseks olnud linnalegendide kohta

  2. Abundance of dissolved polysaccharides in the oxygen minimum layer of the northern Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhosle, N; Bhaskar, P.V.; Ramachandran, S.

    hydrolysis and after hydrolysis with dilute HCl (0.09 N) and concentrated H sub(2)SO sub(4) (1.2 M). Monosaccharide (MCHO) concentrations averaged 1.88 plus or minus 1.01 mu andM and showed small variations with depth at all stations. Polysaccharides (PCHO...

  3. Do more competitive banks have less market power? The evidence from Central and Eastern Europe / Ion Lapteacru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lapteacru, Ion

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel käsitleb Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa pankade konkurentsivõimelisust, püüdes vastata küsimusele, kas konkurentsivõimelisemad pangad omavad tegelikkuses vähem turujõudu ning millistel tingimustel on turujõud suurem. Aluseks 298 kommertspanga (sh Eesti) andmed.

  4. Working-time regimes and work-life balance in Europe / Timo Anttila, Toimi Oinas, Mia Tammelin, Jouko Nätti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse töötingimusi suuresti määravat ajalist ja ruumilist paindlikkust ja nende seost töö- ja eraelu tasakaalustatusega. Aluseks Euroopa töötingimuste uuringu (2010) 25 liikmesriigi (sh Eesti) andmed

  5. Täägid paradiisis / Colin MacCabe ; tõlk. Indrek Koff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    MacCabe, Colin

    1999-01-01

    Mängufilm "Peenike punane joon" ("The Thin Red Line") : režissöör ja stsenarist James Jonesi romaani põhjal Terrence Malick : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998. Lisa : Terrence Malickþi elu- ja loominguloolised andmed

  6. The differential effects of bilateral tax treaties / Bruce A. Blonigen, Lindsay Oldenski, Nicholas Sly

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blonigen, Bruce A.

    2014-01-01

    Artikli käsitletakse kahepoolsete maksulepingute mõju rahvusvahelisele majandustegevusele, eelkõige välismaistele otseinvesteeringutele, aluseks USA majandusanalüüsi büroo andmed. Teiste riikide seas on USA sõlminud lepingu ka Eestiga

  7. Tadeusz Kantori taaskehastumus animeeritud heterotoopiates / Ester Võsu, Pille Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsu, Ester

    2006-01-01

    Nukufilm "Laud" : stsenaristid, režissöörid, kunstnikud Jelena Girlin ning Mari-Liis Bassovskaja : operaator ja kaasrežissöör Urmas Jõemees : helilooja Malle Maltis : produtsent Arvo Nuut : Nukufilm, 2004. Lisatud andmed autorite ja režissööride kohta lk. 107

  8. Genome-wide meta-analysis of cognitive empathy : heritability, and correlates with sex, neuropsychiatric conditions and cognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Warrier, V; Grasby, K L; Uzefovsky, F; Toro, R.; Smith, P.; Chakrabarti, B; Khadake, J.; Mawbey-Adamson, E; Litterman, N; Hottenga, J-J; Lubke, G; Boomsma, D I; Martin, Nicholas G; Hatemi, P.K.; Medland, Sarah E; Hinds, D.A.; Bourgeron, T; Baron-Cohen, S.

    2017-01-01

    We conducted a genome-wide meta-analysis of cognitive empathy using the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test (Eyes Test) in 88,056 research volunteers of European Ancestry (44,574 females and 43,482 males) from 23andMe Inc., and an additional 1497 research volunteers of European Ancestry (891 females

  9. Vaevaline koostöö uute kunstimuuseumide rajamise ja rahastamise protsessis = Thorny collaboration in the processes of founding and funding new art museums : II koht teaduspublikatsioonide kategoorias / Margaret Tali, Laura Pierantoni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Uuring tutvustab võrdlevalt uute kunstimuuseumide rajamisega seotud motivatsioone kolmes riigis ning mahukate ehitusprojektide rahastamist, keskendudes uute huvigruppide rollile Ida-Euroopa riiklike kunstimuuseumide tegevuses. Töö andmed on kogutud koostöös kolme muuseumiga: LUMU kunstimuuseum Budapestis, KUMU kunstimuuseum Tallinnas ja MSU kunstimuuseum Zagrebis

  10. Jüri 22 ärihoone-elamu - Võru esimene pilvelõhkuja / Ivi Laatsit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laatsit, Ivi

    2004-01-01

    1923. a. arhitekt Artur Perna (1881-1940) projekti järgi valminud Tarvitajate Ühisuse Põllumees uuest hoonest ja selle ajaloost. Lühidalt 2001. a. Ilmar Jalase projekteeritud Wõro Kommertsi ärihoonest ja Artur Perna biograafilised andmed

  11. Malenkii da zahudalenkii / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2007-01-01

    Eesti regionaalpoliitikast ja erinevate regioonide ebaühtlasest arengust. Kommentaarid regionaalministri nõunikult Jevgeni Golikovilt, regionaalminister Jaan Õunapuult, Siseministeeriumi kohalike omavalitsuste ja regionaalhalduse osakonna juhatajalt Väino Tõemetsalt, Jõgevamaa maavanemalt Aivar Kokalt, Ida-Virumaa maavanemalt Ago Sildelt. Vt. samas: Siseriiklik finantseerimisprogramm aastaks 2007; Rahvastikuregistri andmed elanike paiknemise ja dotatsioonide kohta

  12. Income inequality and depression: the role of social comparisons and coping resources / Ioana van Deurzen, Erik van Ingen; Wim J. H. van Oorschot

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Deurzen, Ioana van

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse sissetulekute ebavõrdsuse ja depressiooni seoseid, pöörates tähelepanu riikidevahelistele erinevustele ja seda mõjutavatele faktoritele Euroopa riikides, sh Eesti. Aluseks on Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu (2006/2007) andmed

  13. Winners and losers in transition: preferences for redistribution and nostalgia for communism in Eastern Europe / Adam Okulicz- Kozaryn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okulicz- Kozaryn, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Artikli teema on üleminekuperioodi võitjad ja kaotajad Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti), täpsemalt käsitletakse nostalgiat kommunismi järele. Andmed pärinevad uurimusest „Demokraatia konsolideerumine Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas 1990-2001”.

  14. J. Randvere Ruth ja Otto Weiningeri Geschlecht und Charakter / Mirjam Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Mirjam, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Naise kirjeldus J. Randvere "Ruthis" ja Otto Weiningeri "Geschlecht und Charakter'is". Andmed autori kohta lk. 202. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: J. Randvere "Ruth" 19.-20. sajandi vahetuse kultuuris / koost. Mirjam Hinrikus. Tallinn : Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus, 2006, lk. 145-169

  15. Kunstnike elulood

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Rakenduskunsti triennaalil 2003 esinenud kunstnike eluloolised andmed, haridustee, näituste nimekiri, preemiad: Eija Mustonen, Ida Björs, Iris Eichenberg, Anna Katriina Tilli, Mari Relander, Claus Domine Hansen, Lene Hald, Line Gottfred Peterson, Anders Ruhwald, Audrius Janushonis, Lina Jonikiene, Jolanta Kvashyte, Eimantas Ludavicius, Aigi Orav, Remigijus Sederevicius, Adolfas Shaulys, Mari Relo-Shaulys, Mari-Liis Tammi

  16. Online Genome Analysis Resources for Educators, a Comparative Review

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Grace Prescott

    2012-01-01

    A comparative review of several companies that offer similar kits or services that allow students to isolate DNA (human and others), amplify it by PCR, and in some cases sequence the resulting sample.  The companies include:  Carolina® Biological Supply Company, Bio-Rad®, Edvotek® Inc., Hiram Genomics Store, and 23andMe.

  17. I am Crazy in Loving You / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Palestiina režissööri Elia Suleimani mängufilm "Jumalik sekkumine" ("Yadon ilaheyya") ja bosnia režissööri Danis Tanovici "Eikellegimaa" ("No Man's Land"). Lisatud andmed režissööride kohta lk. 102

  18. "Sõrmuste isandast" - filmist, raamatust, müütidest ja kultuurist / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    J.R.R. Tolkieni "Sõrmuste isanda" järgi loodud Peter Jacksoni kaks filmi - "Sõrmuste isand : Sõrmuste vennaskond" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring") ja "Kaks kantsi" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Two Towers"). Ekraniseeringute vastavusest raamatutele. Lisatud andmed Peter Jacksoni kohta lk. 108

  19. Vastab Peter Greenaway / Peter Greenaway ; interv. Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Greenaway, Peter, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Inglise filmirežissöör ja kunstnik Eestis PÖFFi aukülalisena juba pärast festivali lõppu, jaanuaris 2005. Lisatud lühike elulugu, filmograafia ja andmed tema kohta kirjutatud artiklitest ajakirja varasemates numbrites lk. 14-15

  20. Veidrikest, meist kõigist / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Kolm noorte filmitegijate dokumentaalfilmi : Ralf Siia portreefilm poliitik Tiit Toomsalust "Vastlasõit", Kaidor Kahari "Varastati rõngasrist" ning Elen Lotmani portree Aleksei Lotmanist, kelle hoole all on Matsalu looduskaitseala "Homo sapiens". Lisatud andmed noorte režissööride kohta lk. 112

  1. Lapse saamise ajastamine ja laste arv : sündimustrendid Euroopas / Mare Ainsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ainsaar, Mare, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Artiklis näidatakse kuidas sündimuse analüüsiks kasutatavad teooriad aitavad seletada väärtuste, normide ja ressursside mõju sündimuskäitumisele. Aluseks empiirilised andmed Euroopa riikides 2006. a. sündimuse kohta läbi viidud Eurobaromeetri uuringust (Testa 2006)

  2. Tainõje pokupateli rabotajut za kopeiki / Konstantin Morenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morenko, Konstantin

    2007-01-01

    Saksa firma International Service Check (ISC) värbab tööle testostude sooritajaid, kes kontrollivad Eestis vaid üht ettevõtet - McDonald's Eesti AS-i. Nõudmised testijatele on kõrged, töötasu aga mittevastav. Vt. samas: Andmed firma kohta

  3. Narva v transe / Kirill Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Kirill

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Raudtee tarned, eriti Tallinn-Narva lõigul, on tunduvalt vähenenud, ettevõte kavandab koondada aasta lõpuks ligemale 200 töötajat. Vt. samas: Eesti Raudtee andmed vähenenud kaubaveoste kohta; Venemaa Oktoobri raudtee remondist

  4. Arengud maailma turismis 2003 / Piret Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Piret

    2004-01-01

    2003. aasta statistilised andmed turismi ja reisimise kohta. Tabelid: Ööbimisega reisid maailmas regiooniti, 1990-2003; Väliskülastajate saabumised Eestisse, 1996-2003; Väliskülastajate saabumised Eestisse transpordiliikide lõikes, 2001-2003; Eesti majandusettevõtetes majutatud turistid ja nende ööbimised, 2001-2003

  5. Naine kohtub Hundiga - püüne peal / Kaja Kann, Bush Hartshorn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Kaja, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Kanuti Gildi saalis etendub 26.-28. veebr. Kaja Kanni ja Bush Hartshorni lavaduett "Naine ja Hunt". Autorid räägivad, kuidas nad käisid Pärnumaa laantes oma lavaloole õiget tunnetust otsimas. Lisatud andmed Bush Hartshorni kohta

  6. St George's Cemetery in Tartu - Medieval Burial Ground of the Leprosarium? / Martin Malve, Anti Lillak, Raido Roog, Mihkel Mäesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Varasemad andmed Püha Jüri hospidalist Tartus pärinevad 1345. aastast. Asutus tegutses 17. sajandi esimese pooleni. Küsimus aga, kas korduvalt uuritud Püha Jüri kalmistu ja keskaegne hospidalikalmistu on üks ja sama objekt, jääb praeguses uurimisseisus kindla vastuseta

  7. Eesti Euroopa Liidus. Missugused oleme võrreldes teiste liikmesriikidega? / Külvar Mand, Väino Sinisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mand, Külvar, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uute liikmesriikide tervishoiuvaldkonda puudutavad statistilised näitajad võrrelduna senise 15 liikmesriigi andmetega (demograafilised näitajad, eeldatav tervena elatud elu kestus, suremus, suitsiidide esinemissagedus, haigestumus tuberkuloosi, sagedamini esinevad haiguste riskitegurid, arstiabi ressursid, kulutused arstiabile). Andmed tuginevad Maailma Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni WHO poolt 2004. a. avaldatud raamatule "10 Health Questions about the 10"

  8. Suured prügifirmad püüavad Saaremaa turgu / Mehis Tulk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulk, Mehis, 1967-

    2004-01-01

    Eelseisvate jäätmeveokonkursside tarvis on Saare maakonnas jäätmeloa hankinud lisaks OÜ-le Prügimees ka suured välismaised firmad Ragn-Sells ja Cleanaway. Tabel: Andmed jäätmekäitlusfirmade OÜ Prügimees, Cleanaway, Ragn Sells kohta. Vt. samas: Luba igal juhul vajalik

  9. 78 FR 2978 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    .... Applicants: Lea Power Partners, LLC. Description: Lea Power Partners, LLC's Updated Market Power Analysis and....m. ET 1/28/13. Docket Numbers: ER12-72-002. Applicants: Public Service Company of New Mexico. Description: Public Service Company of New Mexico submits tariff filing per 35: PNM Filing of Former NITSA and...

  10. Informatsiooni ebatäielikkuse mõju kõrgharidusnõudluse kujunemisele Eesti majandusüliõpilaste näitel / Tõnis Eerme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eerme, Tõnis

    2004-01-01

    Uuringu tulemustest selgus, et 4. aasta üliõpilased hindasid oma lõpetamisjärgset palka kõrgemaks kui tööturu tegelikud andmed eeldanuks. Selle põhjuseks võib olla ebatäiuslik informatsioon. Probleemi lahendaks riikliku kutsenõustamissüsteemi arendamine, leiab autor. Tabel. Diagramm

  11. Tööandjale lisandub aprillis 2007 uus INF deklaratsioon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Deklaratsiooni vormist INF 14, kus kajastatakse andmed töötajale isikliku sõiduauto või puudega töötajale isikliku mootorsõiduki kasutamise eest väljamakstud hüvitiste kohta. Lisatud: Huberg, Martin. INF 14 täitmisest

  12. Kalandus, 2007 / Olesja Gaidukova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gaidukova, Olesja

    2008-01-01

    2007. aastal püüdsid Eesti kalurid 8% rohkem kala kui 2006. aastal, püük toimus põhiliselt Läänemerel. Andmed ookeani-, Läänemere- ja sisevetepüügi kohta. Diagramm: Kalapüük 1993-2007. Tabelid

  13. In-hospital mortality pattern of severely injured children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Do, Hien Quoc; Steinmetz, Jacob; Rasmussen, Lars S

    2012-01-01

    the mortality pattern of severely injured children admitted to a Danish level I trauma centre. METHODS: We included trauma patients aged 15 years or less, who subsequent a trauma team activation were admitted during the 9-year period 1999-2007. Data were collected prospectively for subjects who had a length...

  14. Trend in the use of Intra-uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD ,TCU ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the acceptance rate and trend of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) use in Enugu,Nigeria PATIENTS AND METHODS: A review of all new acceptors of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) over a nine year period(1999-2007) . RESULTS: A total of 133,375 clients were seen at the UNTH ...

  15. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 56 ... The political context of prolonged conflict, trauma, and warlike conditions, ... SECURITY PUBLIC OPINION Governance HUMAN SECURITY ... Native youth living in stressful environments : final progress report ... Rights and Development Under Siege: The Second Gender Profile of the oPt 1999-2007.

  16. The "Next Generation Science Standards" and the Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    2013-01-01

    Publication of the "Next Generation Science Standards" will be just short of two decades since publication of the "National Science Education Standards" (NRC 1996). In that time, biology and science education communities have advanced, and the new standards will reflect that progress (NRC 1999, 2007, 2009; Kress and Barrett…

  17. Effect van "Ruimte voor Geo-informatie" op GIScience in Nederland : eindrapport RGI-402

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veller, van M.G.P.; Fransen, H.; Duizendstraal, M.B.; Gerritsma, W.

    2009-01-01

    This report describes bibliometric analyses of the scientific output of GIScience in the Netherlands over the period 1999-2007. The bibliometric analyses have been based upon bibliographic data from articles published in 12 peer reviewed GIScience journals, articles in two professional journals and

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 151 ... Vol 18, No 1 (2014), Surgical conditions and requested procedures for ruminants and small animals handled at the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture clinic, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia: A retrospective study 1999-2007, Abstract PDF. R Tiruneh, G Bersisa, M Sori. Vol 15, No 2 (2011), Surgical ...

  19. Põltsamaa loss / Christian Gottlieb Welté, Stavenhagen Wilhelm Siegfried, Johann Michael Graff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Welté, Christian Gottlieb, 1748/49-1792

    1996-01-01

    Lk. 58 (17. saj. pärinevad figuraalsed ahjukahlid), värv., lk. 59 (fragment 1815. a. alevi kaardist), värv., lk. 221 (sisevaated 1770. aastatest, rokokoodekoor J. M. Graff, reprod TÜ kunstikabineti kogust), lk. 222 (lossiansambel, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 223 (loss ja kirik, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 224 (ampiirstiilis ahi härrastemaja saalis), värv., lk. 225 (loss ja alev, W. S. Stavenhageni gravüür 1867)

  20. Arnold : esimesed 60 aastat / Joe Wuebben ja Peter McGough ; tõlkinud Sebastian Vaikmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wuebben, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab Arnold Schwarzeneggeri biograafiat, mis on esitatud kaheosalise filmistsenaariumina; artikli osa "Täielik Arnold" on kokkuvõte 30 aasta jooksul ajakirja Muscle & Fitness rubriikides "Küsi tšempionilt" ja "Küsi Arnoldilt" ilmunud Arnold Schwarzeneggeri artiklitest jõusaalis treenimisest; artikli osa "Täis elujõudu" on kokku kogutud nimekate kulturistide tsitaate Arnold Schwarzeneggerist; artikli osa "Kaaned" sisaldab kõiki Arnold Schwarzeneggeriga Weideri kulturismiajakirjade esikaani aastatest 1968-2007 ; intervjuus räägib Schwarzenegger oma edasisest karjäärist pärast kulturismiga lõpetamist 1980.

  1. Eesti laevaehituse uus algus / Aldur Vunk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vunk, Aldur, 1959-

    2016-01-01

    Varasemast laevaehitusest Läänemere ida- ja kirderannikul. Laevaehitusest Läänemere idaosas 1670. aastatest 1770. aastateni. Harderite laevatehasest Pärnus. Laevaehitusest Eestimaa kubermangus 18. sajandi lõpus ja 19. sajandi alguses. Christoph Friedrich Schmidti laevaehitusest Kuressaares. Majandusliku madalseisu ajal Pärnus ehitatud laevadest. Kuramaa mõjust laevaehituse kujunemisel tööstusharuks Liivimaa kubermangudes. Harderi laevatehase taastamisest Pärnus 1840. aastatel. 1840. ja 1850. aastate laevaehitusest Eestimaal ja Narvas. Saaremaa laevaehitusest 1840. ja 1850. aastatel. Eesti soost laevameistrite ja reederite läbimurdest

  2. Euroopa hiliskeskaja suur depressioon - kas ka Liivimaal? / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Elutarbekaupade enam kui kolmekordse kallinemise tõenäoliseks põhjuseks Liivimaal 15. saj. esimesel kolmandikul võib pidada tootjate (maaelanike) arvu märgatavat vähenemist. Järgneva reaalhindade languse põhjustas arvatavasti münditoodangu järsk vähenemine alates 1440. aastatest. Pöördepunkt Liivimaa majanduses saabus 15. saj. viimasel veerandil, mil elavnes müntimine ja raha jätkus nii ehitustöödeks kui hinnaliste altarite muretsemiseks

  3. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Rotermanni soolaladu. "Elektrokardiogramm" (tegevuskunsti üritus); Vaal-galerii. Antoni T̉pies "Litograafiaid aastatest 1973-1995"; Mari Kadanik, Eero Barndõk, Rain Ader "Pildid" (maalid); Paldiski Põhikool. "Niemenlautta ja Hugo Simbergi fotod" (soome kunstniku fotode koopiad, pildistatud enne 1915. a.; Kullo lastegalerii. Neli uut näitust.(lastekunst); Arhitektuurimuuseum. Arnold Matteus - Tartu linna arhitekt (juubelinäitus), Alvar Aalto "Kolm objekti Eestis"; Linnagalerii Tallinnas. "Valge" (ruumi- ja moekunsti näitus); Sammas-galerii. Jüri Jegorow "Insect" (arvutigraafika); Endla Teatri palmisaal. "Muzik in der Kunst" (Tallinna kunstitudengite näitus); Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu. Õie Kütt "Uued ja vanad ehted"

  4. Valley of the unicorns: consumer genomics, venture capital and digital disruption

    OpenAIRE

    Hogarth, Stuart James

    2017-01-01

    Drawing on the sociology of expectations and sociology of conventions, this paper explores issues of worth and value in the bioeconomy, and the promissory character of contemporary capitalism. Arguing that the literature on biocapital has paid insufficient attention to geographical differentiation in capital accumulation strategies, this paper situates the consumer genomics firm 23andme in the entrepreneurial culture of Silicon Valley. The paper suggests that in Silicon Valley the relationshi...

  5. Londoni terror sundis võitlema terroristide värbamisega Euroopas / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    EL-i õigus-, vabadus- ja julgeolekuvolinik Franco Frattini avaldas muret Londoni noorte muslimite pärast, kes on hakanud enesetaputerroristideks. Lisaks esitas Frattini direktiiveelnõu telefonikõnesid ning e-posti puudutavate andmetele kohustusliku säilitusaja kehtestamiseks, Eesti aga ei nõustu nõudega säilitada andmed vastamata kõnede kohta, pidades tekkivat lisakulu õigustamatuks

  6. Energiatõhusus ja selle hind / Tõnu Mauring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mauring, Tõnu, 1968-

    2010-01-01

    Austri arhitekti Georg W. Reinbergi raamatust "Ecological Architecture - Design, Planning, Realization" (2008). Uuringust, mis võttis kokku aastatel 2003-2008 Viini ehitatud elamute valimi andmed ning millest järeldub, et suuremate hoonete puhul võib passiivmaja maksumus olla madalenergiamajadega ühesugune. Vajadusest ehitada Eestis valmis oma näited, leidmaks, kas tõhus energia kasutamine ja inimsõbralik hoone on või ei ole konfliktis selle rajamise hinnaga

  7. Andrzej Wajda : maailm küll teadis, aga ei hoolinud / Eda Post

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Post, Eda, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Poola filmi- ja teatrilavastaja Andrzej Wajda, kes pälvis sel aastal president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt Maarjamaa Risti III klassi teenetemärgi. Tema viimasest mängufilmist "Katõn". Lisatud andmed elu ja töö kohta. Ordenit vastu võtma A. Wajda ei tule, sest 24. veebruaril 2008 läheb ta Los Angeleses Oscarite galale, kus tema film "Katõn" on parima võõrkeelse filmi auhinna nominent

  8. Gümnaasiumi kodanikuõpetuse eksam / Mare Räis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räis, Mare

    2002-01-01

    2001/2002. õppeaastal esimest korda toimuva kodanikuõpetuse eksami korraldusest. Eksamitöö koosneb kolmest osast: I osa - arutlus (20 p); II osa - töö allikatega: pildid, dokumendid, andmed, kaardid vms (30 p); III osa - ülesanded on paigutatud kahele A3 lehele, mis on kujundatud vihikuna, st ülesanded järgnevad üksteisele lehekülgede kaupa (50 p). Arutluse hindamisjuhend

  9. Introduction to Sonar, Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    own ship anddesign e andm constructiones ofmmechanicale andthe the target, measured in the deck plane. Thiserni equipntto ovehicol quantity is...attention of your security 6. You may associate with non-citizens on officer or commanding officer. State the facts: a close social basis. However, any...Rank/Rate Designator Social Security Number COURSE COMPLETION Letters of satisfactory completion are issued only to personnel whose courses are

  10. Online Genome Analysis Resources for Educators, a Comparative Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Grace Prescott

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A comparative review of several companies that offer similar kits or services that allow students to isolate DNA (human and others, amplify it by PCR, and in some cases sequence the resulting sample.  The companies include:  Carolina® Biological Supply Company, Bio-Rad®, Edvotek® Inc., Hiram Genomics Store, and 23andMe.

  11. President Rüütel valis võimsa Audi / Antti Oolo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oolo, Antti, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli uus ametiauto on Audi A8 4,2 Lang Quattro Automat. Uue ametiauto rentimiseks loodud komisjoni kuulusid presidendi kantselei haldusdirektor Andres Suurkuusk, direktori nõunik Katrin Laaniste ja presidendi ihukaitse ülem Aivar Ridamäe. Arvamust avaldavad Ester Šank, Andres Hein, Üllar Born. Tabel: tehnilised andmed. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei autopark uueneb

  12. Näidendivõistluse võitis lugu buumijärgsest ängist / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti teatriagentuuri näidendivõistluse võitis Piret Jaaks näidendiga "Näha roosat elevanti", teise koha said Jan Rahmani "Lell" ja Donald Tombergi "Andmed Liina Pihlapuust" ning kolmanda koha Paavo Piik "Keti lõpp" ja Kadri Noormets "GO NEO UND ROMANTIX". Lühinäidendi eripreemia läks Küllike Veedele "Puudutamata" eest

  13. President Ilves : Let's Make Estonia Greater! = President Ilves : Teeme Eesti suuremaks!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi aseesimees Toomas Hendrik Ilves valiti Eesti uueks presidendiks 2006. aasta 23. septembril. Lisa: Toomas Hendrik Ilves (eluloolised andmed, haridus, karjäär). Vt. samas: Toomas Hendrik Ilves: More Cooperation, More Europe = Toomas Hendrik Ilves: Rohkem koostööd, rohkem Euroopat. T.H. Ilves räägib oma sõnumist Euroopale, vajadusest Euroopa Liidu ühise energia- ja julgeolekupoliitika järele, Eesti suhetest Venemaa ja USAga

  14. Enterprising or altruistic selves? Making up research subjects in genetics research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutton, Richard; Prainsack, Barbara

    2011-11-01

    The emergence of direct-to-consumer (DTC) personal genomics companies in 2007 was accompanied by considerable media attention and criticism from clinical geneticists and other health professionals, regulators, policy advisors, and ethicists. As well as offering genetic testing services, some firms are also engaged in building their own databases and conducting research with the data obtained from their customers. In this paper, we examine how one of these companies, 23andMe, is creating a certain kind of 'research subject' in opposition to that constituted in conventional forms of disease research. Drawing on debates about neoliberalism, contemporary health discourses and subjectivity, we consider two kinds of subjectivities produced through the discursive and material practices of 23andMe and UK Biobank, namely, 'enterprising' and 'altruistic' selves. We argue that the 23andMe model promotes the idea that curiosity about one's genome on the one hand, and participation in research on the other, are not only compatible but complementary aspects of being an entrepreneurial subject of contemporary health and medicine framed by the technologies of web 2.0. © 2011 The Authors. Sociology of Health & Illness © 2011 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Shadow Economy and Poverty

    OpenAIRE

    Nikopour, Hesam; Shah Habibullah, Muzafar

    2010-01-01

    This study attempts to investigate the relationship between shadow economy and poverty by explaining the mechanism through which shadow economy affects poverty via its impact on government size and economic growth, and using the human poverty index (HPI) for developing and developed countries. In order to achieve this objective, the three-way interaction model is utilized using data of 139 developing and 23 developed countries separately during 1999-2007. For developing countries the dynamic ...

  16. The Conference in the Moscow Kremlin State Museums “Historical Weapons in Museums and Private Collections”

    OpenAIRE

    Sergey P. Orlenko

    2017-01-01

    In November 2016 in the Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site in the framework of events dedicated to the 210th anniversary of the Armoury Chamber museum, an international conference “Historical weapons in museums and private collections”. This scientific forum continued the tradition of conferences held in the Moscow Kremlin Museums in 1999-2007. The participants of this forum discussed a number of priority topics for the studies of the weapon collection h...

  17. The Materiality of Public Participation: the case of community consultation on spatial planning for North Northamptonshire, England

    OpenAIRE

    Rydin, Y.; Natarajan, L. C.

    2016-01-01

    Within the social sciences, there has been a notable ‘material turn’, particularly within geography, anthropology and sociology, exploring the implications of the materiality of the world for how we live (Miller, 1998) and know (Latour, 1999, 2007). Anderson and Wylie (2009, p. 318) identify three particular clusters of ‘materialising’ activity: the work on material cultures looking at “meaningful practices of use and encounters with objects and environments”; interest in the “varied inter...

  18. Using the sense of coherence framework as a tactical approach to communicating corrective action in crisis situations

    OpenAIRE

    Simonsen, Daniel Morten; Jacobsen, Johan Martin Hjorth

    2013-01-01

    By combining attribution theory with crisis types, Coombs developed a theory of Situational Crisis Communication (SCCT) that recommends which crisis response strategy is appropriate for which crisis (Coombs, 1999; 2007; 2012). The seven response strategies presented in SCCT have been tested empirically; however, there still is a need for empirical contributions on the tactical level where the Crisis Communication Message (CCM) is developed, as argued here: “SCCT tries to answer the question o...

  19. Identifikasi Perilaku Perataan Laba Melalui Berbagai Konsep Laba

    OpenAIRE

    Mursalim, Mursalim

    2010-01-01

    The objective of the paper is to identify income smoothing by the four income concepts: operating income, income from operations, income before extraordinary items and net income. This research using research sample of 151 the manufacture company registered in Indonesia Stock Exchange during the years of 1999-2007. The samples determined by using a purposive sampling method.The research results shows that 58 (38,41%) the firm identified as an income smoother by operating income and 69 (45,70%...

  20. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program. A Review of Bird Pests and Their Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    which breeds in swamps from the Culf of Mexico to Canada, and is particularly fond of birds (Karstad 1971). Several Aedes species have also proven to...misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (Stickley and Weeks 1985). Clinical cases fall into three major categories, acute pulmonary, chronic pulmonary, and...5% ’ .-,% 81 **% V4 % %*’.2’, % ’lil i 0 0 I N 0 *% N Fiur 7. Vebl trpfrrpos( adn n L tal reeae %L legs).~~~~ (Lfbr andM,, 193) 82 %* I,𔄃 Figure 7

  1. Faster and Simpler Approximation of Stable Matchings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Paluch

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We give a 3 2 -approximation algorithm for finding stable matchings that runs in O(m time. The previous most well-known algorithm, by McDermid, has the same approximation ratio but runs in O(n3/2m time, where n denotes the number of people andm is the total length of the preference lists in a given instance. In addition, the algorithm and the analysis are much simpler. We also give the extension of the algorithm for computing stable many-to-many matchings.

  2. Ajakasutus läbi sooprisma Eestis ja Euroopas / Malle Järve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järve, Malle, 1943-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti töötavate naiste ja meeste ajakasutuse erinevustest ning selle analüüsist Euroopa võrdluskontekstis. Statistilised andmed tuginevad Eesti Statistikaameti ajakasutuse uuringule aastate 1999-2000 kohta ning 13 Euroopa riigis aastatel 1998-2001 läbi viidud samalaadsetele uuringutele. Lisatud statistilised tabelid töötavate meeste ja naiste ajakasutuse põhistruktuuri, keskmise tasulise töö aja kohta päevas, koduste tööde ja vaba aja nädalarütmi, erinevatele kodutöödele kuluva aja ning kogutöökoormuse kohta

  3. Do gender and personality traits (BFI-10) influence attitude towards genetic research?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek

    2016-01-01

    There is a continuing trend of making genetic research commercially available. It is not only 23andme that offers various types of genetic tests anymore. People do not need to rely on doctor's opinion, they can purchase genetic testing kits and test themselves. Unfortunately, not all available te...... tests are reliable; as the case of Theranos showed recently. The paper aims to investigate if there is any impact of gender and of personality traits on attitude towards genetic research. Big Five Inventory is used to measure personality traits....

  4. Galojani kogutud paberid võivad varju heita ka Sinijärvele / Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Holger

    2007-01-01

    Autori väitel andis Eesti Euroopa Liikumise (EEL) raamatupidaja Anna-Maria Galojanile kirjalikult teada, et mõned nõukogu esimehe Riivo Sinijärve esitatud andmed ei ole kooskõlas EEL-i tegevusega. Kiri esitati kaks päeva pärast seda, kui nõukogu oli Galojani EEL-i juhi kohalt tagasi kutsunud. Mõnedest EEL-i kulutustest enne Galojani saamist selle juhiks. R. Sinijärv põhjendab EEL-i laenuvõtmise vajadust ja Julianus Inkasso nõudeid

  5. Ringkonnakohtu otsus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tartu ringkonnakohtu otsusest Ain Seppiku, Sulev Seppiku ja Siim Seppiku ning ajalehe Äripäev vahel. Äripäev lükkab ümber andmed, nagu oleks Seppikutel seos nn allilmaga, nn ühiskassaga ja Oleg Lvoviga. Skeem. Vastukaja artiklitele: Raidla, Peeter. Kas Keskerakonna rahal on märk küljes? // Äripäev (2007/Mar/16), lk. 12-15 ; Raidla, Peeter. Kust võis tulla Seppikute raha? // Äripäev (2007/Mar/16), lk. 14-15

  6. The application of virtual prototyping methods to determine the dynamic parameters of mobile robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurc, Krzysztof; Szybicki, Dariusz; Burghardt, Andrzej; Muszyńska, Magdalena

    2016-04-01

    The paper presents methods used to determine the parameters necessary to build a mathematical model of an underwater robot with a crawler drive. The parameters present in the dynamics equation will be determined by means of advanced mechatronic design tools, including: CAD/CAE software andMES modules. The virtual prototyping process is described as well as the various possible uses (design adaptability) depending on the optional accessories added to the vehicle. A mathematical model is presented to show the kinematics and dynamics of the underwater crawler robot, essential for the design stage.

  7. Impact of the severity of trauma on early retirement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlman, Michael Bilde; Lohse, Nicolai; Sørensen, Anne Marie

    2014-01-01

    . SETTING: Level-one urban trauma centre. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 18-64 years entering the trauma centre in Copenhagen during 1999-2007 who were alive after three days were followed until early retirement, death or emigration. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was early retirement, defined...... and gender. RESULTS: Of all 6687 patients admitted to the trauma centre, a total of 1722 trauma patients were included and followed for a median of 6.2 years (interquartile range (IQR) 3.7-9.1). Of these, 1305 (75.8%) were males, median age was 35.0 years (IQR 25.4-46.5), and median ISS was 16 (IQR 9...

  8. Fair balance in direct-to-consumer antidepressant print and television advertising, 1995-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Rosemary J; Eisenberg, Matthew; Simon, Kosali I

    2012-01-01

    The authors evaluated fair balance in the presentation of risks and benefits in a large sample of direct-to-consumer advertising for prescription antidepressant medications appearing in magazines (1995-2006) and television (1999-2007) to assess how well they meet U.S. Food and Drug Administration guidelines. Using content analysis to capture relevant dimensions of the ads, results indicated that (a) considerably less attention is given to risks relative to benefits and (b) implicit ad content favors communication of drug benefits over risks, but that fair balance in direct-to-consumer ads has improved over time. The authors discuss policy implications and explore future research directions.

  9. ACTORS AND IDEAS OF SOCIAL POLICY IN VENEZUELA (1989-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thais Gutiérrez Briceño

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the ideas that underpin social policy agendas and public social practices implemented in Venezuela during 1989-2007, as well as those actors involved in its design and execution. Two periods are defined: 1989-1998 y 1999-2007, which correspond to overrides in the themes considered. This paper is bibliographic and hemerographic, with emphasis on those relating official discourse on the subject. The conclusion of this paper indicates the presence of substantive changes in the periods mentionated, both in the representations of social policies that guide social actions, and those involved in the process.

  10. Genome-Wide Association Analyses in 128,266 Individuals Identifies New Morningness and Sleep Duration Loci.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel E Jones

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Disrupted circadian rhythms and reduced sleep duration are associated with several human diseases, particularly obesity and type 2 diabetes, but until recently, little was known about the genetic factors influencing these heritable traits. We performed genome-wide association studies of self-reported chronotype (morning/evening person and self-reported sleep duration in 128,266 white British individuals from the UK Biobank study. Sixteen variants were associated with chronotype (P<5x10-8, including variants near the known circadian rhythm genes RGS16 (1.21 odds of morningness, 95% CI [1.15, 1.27], P = 3x10-12 and PER2 (1.09 odds of morningness, 95% CI [1.06, 1.12], P = 4x10-10. The PER2 signal has previously been associated with iris function. We sought replication using self-reported data from 89,283 23andMe participants; thirteen of the chronotype signals remained associated at P<5x10-8 on meta-analysis and eleven of these reached P<0.05 in the same direction in the 23andMe study. We also replicated 9 additional variants identified when the 23andMe study was used as a discovery GWAS of chronotype (all P<0.05 and meta-analysis P<5x10-8. For sleep duration, we replicated one known signal in PAX8 (2.6 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.9, 3.2], P = 5.7x10-16 and identified and replicated two novel associations at VRK2 (2.0 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.3, 2.7], P = 1.2x10-9; and 1.6 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.1, 2.2], P = 7.6x10-9. Although we found genetic correlation between chronotype and BMI (rG = 0.056, P = 0.05; undersleeping and BMI (rG = 0.147, P = 1x10-5 and oversleeping and BMI (rG = 0.097, P = 0.04, Mendelian Randomisation analyses, with limited power, provided no consistent evidence of causal associations between BMI or type 2 diabetes and chronotype or sleep duration. Our study brings the total number of loci associated with chronotype to 22 and with sleep duration to three, and provides new insights into the biology of sleep and

  11. Planeeringut ei saadud 8 päevaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tartu Ringkonnakohtu otsusest Ain Seppiku, Sulev Seppiku ja Siim Seppiku ning ajalehe Äripäev vahel. Äripäev lükkab ümber andmed selle kohta, nagu oleks nn Antennideväljaku krundi detailplaneering kehtestatud 8 päevaga. Vastukaja artiklitele: Soe, Ralf-Martin. Sulev Seppik tegi Viimsis imet. // Äripäev (2007/Mar/1), lk. 4-5 ; Arumäe, Urmas. Viimsi võim ei tegele maaäriga. // Äripäev (2007/Mar/13), lk. 27 ; Soe, Ralf-Martin. Viimsi võtmeisikute tehingutel kahtlane maik. // Äripäev (2007/Mar/23), lk. 12-13

  12. Biomass production of Artemia in air-water-lift raceway system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Royan, J.P.; Vijayaraghavan, S.; Krishnakumari, L

    - from Venkataraman, 1983). Crude Protein (N x6.25) Lipid Carbohydrate Crude Fiber Ash Moisture 55-65 2-6 10-15 1-4 6-15 5-10 o· ClS'- •• •• lM6M StrGft •~S,I LUlu STrOI,. • tOO A eo 10 ~ • i:f e & .... 0. eo E I w ,. .. en c eo en ~ c • z " 2 a 1M 0 U ji...!:Ta:Vijayaraghavan, Wafar andRoyail~l~n~n.Good growthrates wereobserved in Penaeui indicus, P. monoceros andM. monodon when fed with live adult Artemia (Royan, Sumitra-Vijayaraghavanand Krishna Kumari, 1987). Thus adult Artemia biomass can be used as an ingredient...

  13. DINAMISASI TRADISI ISLAM DI ERA GLOBALISASI: Studi atas Tradisi Keagamaan Kampung Jawa Tondano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusno Abdullah Otta

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available There are signifiant relationship between modernization andm religion in the modernization and globalization era. In the context of Indonesia, religion, the teachings and traditions, preserved as a fundamental basis of morality to inflence the flw of modernization. Indonesian society, in general, divided into two groups of “modernist” and “traditional”. This grouping occurs because, from a historical perspective, the existence of Islam in Indonesia is experiencing a collision with various forms of local syncretic and, also, with Western civilization, especially, in the period of colonialism, the Christian religion, as happened in the village of Tondano Java, in particular, and other areas in Indonesia, in general. The result of research shows that all the tradition in this Tondano Javanese village today is still carried out consistently by the citizens. Flow of modernization and globalization were not many signifiant impacts for the implementation of these various religious traditions.

  14. The association between sports participation and athletic identity with eating pathology among college-aged males and females.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, K; Economos, C; Lerner, R M; Becker, A E; Sacheck, J

    2011-06-01

    The current study examined associations among sports participation (SP), athletic identity (AI), weight status, and eating pathology, and whether these relations differed by gender. Data come from male and female first-year college students who participated in the Tufts Longitudinal Health Study (TLHS) between 1999-2007 (N=712). Relations among SP, AI, actual and perceived weight statuses, Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI) subscale scores, and indices of body shape concern and restrictive eating were examined with hierarchical ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. Associations between SP and eating pathology among females were moderated by perceived weight status. By contrast, relations between males' EDI subscales scores and SP were moderated by ethnicity, as well as by actual weight status. Our findings support that sports participation alone neither promotes nor protects against eating pathology among males and females.

  15. Effects of Mid-Level Ethanol Blends on Conventional Vehicle Emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoll, K.; West, B.; Huff, S.; Thomas, J.; Orban, J.; Cooper, C.

    2010-06-01

    Tests were conducted in 2008 on 16 late-model conventional vehicles (1999-2007) to determine short-term effects of mid-level ethanol blends on performance and emissions. Vehicle odometer readings ranged from 10,000 to 100,000 miles, and all vehicles conformed to federal emissions requirements for their federal certification level. The LA92 drive cycle, also known as the Unified Cycle, was used for testing because it more accurately represents real-world acceleration rates and speeds than the Federal Test Procedure. Test fuels were splash-blends of up to 20 volume percent ethanol with federal certification gasoline. Both regulated and unregulated air-toxic emissions were measured. For the 16-vehicle fleet, increasing ethanol content resulted in reductions in average composite emissions of both nonmethane hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide and increases in average emissions of ethanol and aldehydes.

  16. Using the sense of coherence framework as a tactical approach to communicating corrective action in crisis situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Daniel Morten; Jacobsen, Johan Martin Hjorth

    By combining attribution theory with crisis types, Coombs developed a theory of Situational Crisis Communication (SCCT) that recommends which crisis response strategy is appropriate for which crisis (Coombs, 1999; 2007; 2012). The seven response strategies presented in SCCT have been tested...... empirically; however, there still is a need for empirical contributions on the tactical level where the Crisis Communication Message (CCM) is developed, as argued here: “SCCT tries to answer the question of when to use different crisis responses, but it does not help researchers address the question of how...... the response strategy named corrective action for our study. According to Coombs, corrective action means giving stakeholders information about a crisis and explaining what is being done to handle it (Coombs, 2012: 150). Corrective action shows stakeholders that their safety is a priority, and thus reduces...

  17. Jet production in ep collisions at high Q2 and determination of αs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aaron, F.D.; Alexa, C.; Preda, T.; Rotaru, M.; Stoicea, G.; Zus, R.; Alimujiang, K.; Antunovic, B.; Bartel, W.; Brandt, G.; Campbell, A.J.; Cholewa, A.; Deak, M.; Boer, Y. de; Roeck, A. de; Eckerlin, G.; Elsen, E.; Felst, R.; Fischer, D.J.; Fleischer, M.; Gayler, J.; Glazov, A.; Gouzevitch, M.; Grell, B.R.; Haidt, D.; Helebrant, C.; Janssen, M.E.; Jung, H.; Katzy, J.; Kleinwort, C.; Knutsson, A.; Korbel, V.; Kraemer, M.; Krastev, K.; Kutak, K.; Levonian, S.; List, J.; Marti, L.; Meyer, A.B.; Meyer, H.; Meyer, J.; Michels, V.; Niebuhr, C.; Nikiforov, A.; Nozicka, M.; Olsson, J.E.; Panagoulias, I.; Papadopoulou, T.; Pitzl, D.; Placakyte, R.; Radescu, V.; Rurikova, Z.; Schmitt, S.; Sefkow, F.; Staykova, Z.; Steder, M.; Vargas Trevino, A.; Vinokurova, S.; Driesch, M. von den; Wissing, C.; Wuensch, E.; Andreev, V.; Belousov, A.; Eliseev, A.; Fomenko, A.; Gogitidze, N.; Lebedev, A.; Loktionova, N.; Malinovski, E.; Rusakov, S.; Sheviakov, I.; Shtarkov, L.N.; Soloviev, Y.; Vazdik, Y.; Asmone, A.; Stella, B.; Backovic, S.; Dubak, A.; Lastovicka-Medin, G.; Picuric, I.; Raicevic, N.; Baghdasaryan, A.; Ghazaryan, S.; Volchinski, V.; Zohrabyan, H.; Barrelet, E.; Begzsuren, K.; Ravdandorj, T.; Tseepeldorj, B.; Bizot, J.C.; Brisson, V.; Delcourt, B.; Jacquet, M.; Li, G.; Pascaud, C.; Tran, T.H.; Zhang, Z.; Zomer, F.; Boudry, V.; Moreau, F.; Specka, A.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Mudrinic, M.; Pandurovic, M.; Smiljanic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Faulkner, P.J.W.; Kenyon, I.R.; Newman, P.R.; Shaw-West, R.N.; Thompson, P.D.; Brinkmann, M.; Habib, S.; Jemanov, V.; Lipka, K.; List, B.; Naroska, B.; Pokorny, B.; Toll, T.; Bruncko, D.; Cerny, V.; Ferencei, J.; Murin, P.; Tomasz, F.; Bunyatyan, A.; Buschhorn, G.; Chekelian, V.; Dossanov, A.; Grindhammer, G.; Kiesling, C.; Kogler, R.; Liptaj, A.; Olivier, B.; Raspiareza, A.; Shushkevich, S.; Bystritskaya, L.; Efremenko, V.; Fedotov, A.; Kropivnitskaya, A.; Lubimov, V.; Ozerov, D.; Petrukhin, A.; Rostovtsev, A.; Zhokin, A.; Cantun Avila, K.B.; Contreras, J.G.; Ruiz Tabasco, J.E.; Cassol-Brunner, F.; Diaconu, C.; Hoffmann, D.; Sauvan, E.; Trinh, T.N.; Vallee, C.; Cerny, K.; Pejchal, O.; Polifka, R.; Salek, D.; Valkarova, A.; Zacek, J.; Coughlan, J.A.; Morris, J.V.; Sankey, D.P.C.; Cozzika, G.; Feltesse, J.; Perez, E.; Schoeffel, L.; Cvach, J.; Reimer, P.; Zalesak, J.; Dainton, J.B.; Gabathuler, E.; Greenshaw, T.; Klein, M.; Kluge, T.; Kretzschmar, J.; Laycock, P.; Maxfield, S.J.; Mehta, A.; Patel, G.D.; Rahmat, A.J.; Daum, K.; Meyer, H.; Del Degan, M.; Grab, C.; Leibenguth, G.; Sauter, M.; Zimmermann, T.; Delvax, J.; Wolf, E.A. de; Favart, L.; Hreus, T.; Janssen, X.; Marage, P.; Mozer, M.U.; Roland, B.; Roosen, R.; Sunar, D.; Sykora, T.; Mechelen, P. van; Dodonov, V.; Lytkin, L.; Povh, B.; Egli, S.; Hildebrandt, M.; Horisberger, R.; Falkiewicz, A.; Goerlich, L.; Mikocki, S.; Milcewicz-Mika, I.; Nowak, G.; Sopicki, P.; Turnau, J.; Glushkov, I.; Henschel, H.; Hiller, K.H.; Kostka, P.; Lange, W.; Naumann, T.; Piec, S.; Henderson, R.C.W.; Sloan, T.; Hennekemper, E.; Herbst, M.; Jung, A.W.; Krueger, K.; Lendermann, V.; Schultz-Coulon, H.C.; Urban, K.; Herrera, G.; Lopez-Fernandez, R.; Joensson, L.; Osman, S.; Kapichine, M.; Makankine, A.; Morozov, A.; Palichik, V.; Spaskov, V.; Tchoulakov, V.; Landon, M.P.J.; Rizvi, E.; Thompson, G.; Traynor, D.; Martyn, H.U.; Mueller, K.; Nowak, K.; Robmann, P.; Schmitz, C.; Straumann, U.; Truoel, P.; Schoening, A.; South, D.; Wegener, D.; Tsakov, I.

    2010-01-01

    The production of jets is studied in deep-inelastic e ± p scattering at large negative four momentum transfer squared 150 2 2 using HERA data taken in 1999-2007, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 395 pb -1 . Inclusive jet, 2-jet and 3-jet cross sections, normalised to the neutral current deep-inelastic scattering cross sections, are measured as functions of Q 2 , jet transverse momentum and proton momentum fraction. The measurements are well described by perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order corrected for hadronisation effects. The strong coupling as determined from these measurements is α s (M Z )=0.1168±0.0007(exp.) +0.0046 -0.0030 (th.)±0.0016 (PDF). (orig.)

  18. Jet Production in ep Collisions at High $Q^2$ and Determination of $\\alpha_s$

    CERN Document Server

    Aaron, F.D.; Alimujiang, K.; Andreev, V.; Antunovic, B.; Asmone, A.; Backovic, S.; Baghdasaryan, A.; Barrelet, E.; Bartel, W.; Begzsuren, K.; Belousov, A.; Bizot, J.C.; Boudry, V.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Brandt, G.; Brinkmann, M.; Brisson, V.; Bruncko, D.; Bunyatyan, A.; Buschhorn, G.; Bystritskaya, L.; Campbell, A.J.; Cantun Avila, K.B.; Cassol-Brunner, F.; Cerny, K.; Cerny, V.; Chekelian, V.; Cholewa, A.; Contreras, J.G.; Coughlan, J.A.; Cozzika, G.; Cvach, J.; Dainton, J.B.; Daum, K.; Deak, M.; de Boer, Y.; Delcourt, B.; Del Degan, M.; Delvax, J.; De Roeck, A.; De Wolf, E.A.; Diaconu, C.; Dodonov, V.; Dossanov, A.; Dubak, A.; Eckerlin, G.; Efremenko, V.; Egli, S.; Eliseev, A.; Elsen, E.; Falkiewicz, A.; Faulkner, P.J.W.; Favart, L.; Fedotov, A.; Felst, R.; Feltesse, J.; Ferencei, J.; Fischer, D.-J.; Fleischer, M.; Fomenko, A.; Gabathuler, E.; Gayler, J.; Ghazaryan, Samvel; Glazov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Goerlich, L.; Gogitidze, N.; Gouzevitch, M.; Grab, C.; Greenshaw, T.; Grell, B.R.; Grindhammer, G.; Habib, S.; Haidt, D.; Helebrant, C.; Henderson, R.C.W.; Hennekemper, E.; Henschel, H.; Herbst, M.; Herrera, G.; Hildebrandt, M.; Hiller, K.H.; Hoffmann, D.; Horisberger, R.; Hreus, T.; Jacquet, M.; Janssen, M.E.; Janssen, X.; Jemanov, V.; Jonsson, L.; Jung, Andreas Werner; Jung, H.; Kapichine, M.; Katzy, J.; Kenyon, I.R.; Kiesling, C.; Klein, M.; Kleinwort, C.; Kluge, T.; Knutsson, A.; Kogler, R.; Korbel, V.; Kostka, P.; Kraemer, M.; Krastev, K.; Kretzschmar, J.; Kropivnitskaya, A.; Kruger, K.; Kutak, K.; Landon, M.P.J.; Lange, W.; Lastovicka-Medin, G.; Laycock, P.; Lebedev, A.; Leibenguth, G.; Lendermann, V.; Levonian, S.; Li, G.; Lipka, K.; Liptaj, A.; List, B.; List, J.; Loktionova, N.; Lopez-Fernandez, R.; Lubimov, V.; Lytkin, L.; Makankine, A.; Malinovski, E.; Marage, P.; Marti, Ll.; Martyn, H.-U.; Maxfield, S.J.; Mehta, A.; Meyer, A.B.; Meyer, H.; Meyer, H.; Meyer, J.; Michels, V.; Mikocki, S.; Milcewicz-Mika, I.; Moreau, F.; Morozov, A.; Morris, J.V.; Mozer, Matthias Ulrich; Mudrinic, M.; Muller, K.; Murin, P.; Naroska, B.; Naumann, Th.; Newman, P.R.; Niebuhr, C.; Nikiforov, A.; Nowak, G.; Nowak, K.; Nozicka, M.; Olivier, B.; Olsson, J.E.; Osman, S.; Ozerov, D.; Palichik, V.; Panagoulias, I.; Pandurovic, M.; Papadopoulou, Th.; Pascaud, C.; Patel, G.D.; Pejchal, O.; Perez, E.; Petrukhin, A.; Picuric, I.; Piec, S.; Pitzl, D.; Placakyte, R.; Pokorny, B.; Polifka, R.; Povh, B.; Preda, T.; Radescu, V.; Rahmat, A.J.; Raicevic, N.; Raspiareza, A.; Ravdandorj, T.; Reimer, P.; Rizvi, E.; Robmann, P.; Roland, B.; Roosen, R.; Rostovtsev, A.; Rotaru, M.; Ruiz Tabasco, J.E.; Rurikova, Z.; Rusakov, S.; Salek, D.; Sankey, D.P.C.; Sauter, M.; Sauvan, E.; Schmitt, S.; Schmitz, C.; Schoeffel, L.; Schoning, A.; Schultz-Coulon, H.-C.; Sefkow, F.; Shaw-West, R.N.; Sheviakov, I.; Shtarkov, L.N.; Shushkevich, S.; Sloan, T.; Smiljanic, Ivan; Soloviev, Y.; Sopicki, P.; South, D.; Spaskov, V.; Specka, Arnd E.; Staykova, Z.; Steder, M.; Stella, B.; Stoicea, G.; Straumann, U.; Sunar, D.; Sykora, T.; Tchoulakov, V.; Thompson, G.; Thompson, P.D.; Toll, T.; Tomasz, F.; Tran, T.H.; Traynor, D.; Trinh, T.N.; Truol, P.; Tsakov, I.; Tseepeldorj, B.; Turnau, J.; Urban, K.; Valkarova, A.; Vallee, C.; Van Mechelen, P.; Vargas Trevino, A.; Vazdik, Y.; Vinokurova, S.; Volchinski, V.; von den Driesch, M.; Wegener, D.; Wissing, Ch.; Wunsch, E.; Zacek, J.; Zalesak, J.; Zhang, Z.; Zhokin, A.; Zimmermann, T.; Zohrabyan, H.; Zomer, F.; Zus, R.

    2010-01-01

    The production of jets is studied in deep-inelastic ep scattering at large negative four momentum transfer squared 1501999-2007, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 395 pb^-1. Inclusive jet, 2-jet and 3-jet cross sections, normalised to the neutral current deep-inelastic scattering cross sections, are measured as functions of Q^2, jet transverse momentum and proton momentum fraction. The measurements are well described by perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order corrected for hadronisation effects. The strong coupling as determined from these measurements is alpha_s(M_Z) = 0.1168 +/-0.0007 (exp.) +0.0046/-0.0030 (th.) +/-0.0016(pdf).

  19. Local elections in Spain. The Personalization of Voting Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Riera Sagrera

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available When voters cast their ballot in local elections, are they only taking into account national factors? Or do they, to the contrary, also pay attention to local elements? In this article we argue that voters’ evaluations of candidates for mayor are particularly important to explain party choice in this type of subnational elections in Spain. To empirically verify the existence of this relationship, we focus on the 1999, 2007, and 2011 elections. By dwelling on a relatively heterogeneous sample of municipalities and working with surveys undertaken by the Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, we show the effect of candidates’ evaluations at the expense of a less pronounced role of ideology. The provided evidence also suggests that this pattern becomes stronger in small municipalities and more recent elections.

  20. Women in the Malaysian parliament: Do they matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ummu Atiyah Ahmad Zakuan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the impact of women’s representation in the lower house (Dewan Rakyat of the Malaysian Parliament. It is an attempt to see whether women representatives in the Dewan Rakyat are able to make any impact or difference in parliament, in the context of making policy output more women-friendly. Available studies conducted mainly in the West have shown that women legislators are more responsive to women’s interest than their male counterparts, developing distinctive sets of concerns and priorities and taking leading parts in formulating policies that favour women. Through textual analysis of nine years of the Malaysian Parliament (1999-2007, this paper examines the issues that have been introduced and discussed by the women and the impact they made in parliament. It also reveals the critical actors initiating or introducing women-related issues.

  1. Seasonal variation in the acute presentation of urinary calculi over 8 years in Auckland, New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Sum Sum; Johnston, Richard; Al Sameraaii, Ahmed; Metcalf, Patricia A; Rice, Michael L; Masters, Jonathan G

    2010-07-01

    Symptom prevalence (retrospective cohort) Level of Evidence 2b. To determine the incidence of acute presentation of urinary calculi (UC) in Auckland, New Zealand, during the period 1999-2007, and whether there was any significant seasonal variation. The details of all UC within the population presenting acutely to public hospitals in Auckland between 1999 and 2007 were collected using clinical coding searches International Classification of Disease 10th revision (Australian Modification) N132 and N20. Climatic variables for the Auckland region were obtained from the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand. The mean atmospheric temperature, hours of sunshine and humidity data were calculated monthly for this period. During the study there were 7668 acute presentations of UC in the Auckland region. A Poisson regression model showed that the number of presentations was significantly related to temperature (P Auckland, New Zealand, varies significantly with temperature and hours of sunshine. Humidity was not a significant factor.

  2. Managerial performance and cost efficiency of Japanese local public hospitals: a latent class stochastic frontier model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besstremyannaya, Galina

    2011-09-01

    The paper explores the link between managerial performance and cost efficiency of 617 Japanese general local public hospitals in 1999-2007. Treating managerial performance as unobservable heterogeneity, the paper employs a panel data stochastic cost frontier model with latent classes. Financial parameters associated with better managerial performance are found to be positively significant in explaining the probability of belonging to the more efficient latent class. The analysis of latent class membership was consistent with the conjecture that unobservable technological heterogeneity reflected in the existence of the latent classes is related to managerial performance. The findings may support the cause for raising efficiency of Japanese local public hospitals by enhancing the quality of management. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Management in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Won-Am Park

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the experience of inflation targeting in Korea with an emphasis on exchange rate management. The Korean call rate responded to not only expected inflation, but also to output gap and changes in the real effective exchange rate of the Korean won, when we estimated the call rate reaction function over the period of 1999-2007. It was found that the call rate responded to changes in real effective exchange rate more than it did to expected inflation. We also examined whether Korean inflation targeting was actually centered on the exchange rate by estimating the Singaporean style of exchange rate reaction function. It was found that Korean monetary policy was not exchange-rate- centered, since the nominal effective exchange rate of the Korean won responded modestly to inflation and output gap, far less than did the Singaporean dollar.

  4. EVALUACIÓN DEL IMPACTO DE LOS PROGRAMAS DE VACUNACIÓN MASIVA: LA EXPERIENCIA DE LA HEPATITIS A EN CATALUÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Oviedo

    2009-01-01

    identificados por la metodología scan se produjeron en el período prevacunal (1992-1998 y sólo uno en el periodo postvacunal (1999-2007. En las 10 primeras cuadrisemanas del periodo postvacunal (1999-2005 hubo un descenso significativo en de incidencia de hepatitis A en Cataluña respecto al periodo prevacunal (1992-1998 (p<0,01. Conclusiones. El estadístico I de Moran no mostró ningún patrón de dependencia espacial global, y sí fue útil para detectar los clústers a nivel local. Estos resultados corroboran resultados previos que atribuían la mayor parte del descenso en la incidencia de hepatitis A en Cataluña debido al efecto de la vacunación.

  5. The effect of climate variability on the carbon cycle of a Mediterranean forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manca, G.; Tirone, G.; Matteucci, G.; Tonon, G.; Cherubini, P.; Goded Ballarin, I.; Duerr, M.; Matteucci, M.; Seufert, G.

    2009-04-01

    Measurements of Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE) of carbon dioxide have operated since 1999 in the Mediterranean forest ecosystem (Pinus pinaster, L.) located in San Rossore (Pisa - Italy). Using night time values of NEE it is possible to estimate the Ecosystem Respiration (Reco) and the Gross Ecosystem Productivity (GEP), i.e. the photosynthetic uptake of CO2 without respiratory losses. The analysis of such fluxes shows that on annual base San Rossore is a CO2 sink. This ecosystem experiences a strong reduction of carbon uptake during summer when the rainfall is low and the air temperature is high. In such condition trees close stomata in order to avoid alteration of the leaf water status. This is the typical behaviour of the drought avoiding species. The reduction of the carbon uptake is due mainly to a reduction of photosynthesis whereas the ecosystem respiration undergoes a lower decrease. The summer 2003 is an extreme example of this pattern. The long time series collected in San Rossore allows to test the reaction of the forest to a wet summer (summer 2002), when the rainfall was 506 mm (300 mm more than the summer average 1999-2007), and the effect of high temperature in winter (January 2007). During summer 2002 both GEP and Reco were higher than the average but the GEP experienced the higher increase. The high temperature in January 2007 (3 °C higher than the average 1999-2007), was responsible for the huge increase of the ecosystem respiration not balanced by the little increase of GEP.

  6. Health data cooperatives - citizen empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafen, E; Kossmann, D; Brand, A

    2014-01-01

    This article is part of a Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on Health Record Banking. Healthcare is often ineffective and costs are steadily rising. This is in a large part due to the inaccessibility of medical and health data stored in multiple silos. Furthermore, in most cases molecular differences between individuals that result in different susceptibilities to drugs and diseases as well as targeted interventions cannot be taken into account. Technological advances in genome sequencing and the interaction of 'omics' data with environmental data on one hand and mobile health on the other, promise to generate the longitudinal health data that will form the basis for a more personalized, precision medicine. For this new medicine to become a reality, however, millions of personal health data sets have to be aggregated. The value of such aggregated personal data has been recognized as a new asset class and many commercial entities are competing for this new asset (e.g. Google, Facebook, 23andMe, PatientsLikeMe). The primary source and beneficiary of personal health data is the individual. As a collective, society should be the beneficiary of both the economic and health value of these aggregated data and (health) information. We posit that empowering citizens by providing them with a platform to safely store, manage and share their health-related data will be a necessary element in the transformation towards a more effective and efficient precision medicine. Such health data platforms should be organized as cooperatives that are solely owned and controlled by their members and not by shareholders. Members determine which data they want to share for example with doctors or to contribute to research for the benefit of their health and that of society. Members will also decide how the revenues generated by granting third parties access to the anonymized data that they agreed to share, should be invested in research, information or education. Currently no

  7. Dealing with the unexpected: consumer responses to direct-access BRCA mutation testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uta Francke

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Inherited BRCA gene mutations convey a high risk for breast and ovarian cancer, but current guidelines limit BRCA mutation testing to women with early-onset cancer and relatives of mutation-positive cases. Benefits and risks of providing this information directly to consumers are unknown.Methods. To assess and quantify emotional and behavioral reactions of consumers to their 23andMe Personal Genome Service® report of three BRCA mutations that are common in Ashkenazi Jews, we invited all 136 BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation-positive individuals in the 23andMe customer database who had chosen to view their BRCA reports to participate in this IRB-approved study. We also invited 160 mutation-negative customers who were matched for age, sex and ancestry. Semi-structured phone interviews were completed for 32 mutation carriers, 16 women and 16 men, and 31 non-carriers. Questions addressed personal and family history of cancer, decision and timing of viewing the BRCA report, recollection of the result, emotional responses, perception of personal cancer risk, information sharing, and actions taken or planned.Results. Eleven women and 14 men had received the unexpected result that they are carriers of a BRCA1 185delAG or 5382insC, or BRCA2 6174delT mutation. None of them reported extreme anxiety and four experienced moderate anxiety that was transitory. Remarkably, five women and six men described their response as neutral. Most carrier women sought medical advice and four underwent risk-reducing procedures after confirmatory mutation testing. Male carriers realized that their test results implied genetic risk for female relatives, and several of them felt considerably burdened by this fact. Sharing mutation information with family members led to screening of at least 30 relatives and identification of 13 additional carriers. Non-carriers did not report inappropriate actions, such as foregoing cancer screening. All but one of the 32 mutation

  8. Dealing with the unexpected: consumer responses to direct-access BRCA mutation testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francke, Uta; Dijamco, Cheri; Kiefer, Amy K; Eriksson, Nicholas; Moiseff, Bianca; Tung, Joyce Y; Mountain, Joanna L

    2013-01-01

    Background. Inherited BRCA gene mutations convey a high risk for breast and ovarian cancer, but current guidelines limit BRCA mutation testing to women with early-onset cancer and relatives of mutation-positive cases. Benefits and risks of providing this information directly to consumers are unknown. Methods. To assess and quantify emotional and behavioral reactions of consumers to their 23andMe Personal Genome Service(®) report of three BRCA mutations that are common in Ashkenazi Jews, we invited all 136 BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation-positive individuals in the 23andMe customer database who had chosen to view their BRCA reports to participate in this IRB-approved study. We also invited 160 mutation-negative customers who were matched for age, sex and ancestry. Semi-structured phone interviews were completed for 32 mutation carriers, 16 women and 16 men, and 31 non-carriers. Questions addressed personal and family history of cancer, decision and timing of viewing the BRCA report, recollection of the result, emotional responses, perception of personal cancer risk, information sharing, and actions taken or planned. Results. Eleven women and 14 men had received the unexpected result that they are carriers of a BRCA1 185delAG or 5382insC, or BRCA2 6174delT mutation. None of them reported extreme anxiety and four experienced moderate anxiety that was transitory. Remarkably, five women and six men described their response as neutral. Most carrier women sought medical advice and four underwent risk-reducing procedures after confirmatory mutation testing. Male carriers realized that their test results implied genetic risk for female relatives, and several of them felt considerably burdened by this fact. Sharing mutation information with family members led to screening of at least 30 relatives and identification of 13 additional carriers. Non-carriers did not report inappropriate actions, such as foregoing cancer screening. All but one of the 32 mutation-positive participants

  9. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: the Georgian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsertsvadze, Tengiz; Kakabadze, Tea; Shermadini, Ketevan; Abutidze, Akaki; Karchava, Marika; Chkhartishvili, Nikoloz; Badridze, Nino; Bokhua, Zaza; Asatiani, Tengiz

    2008-09-01

    The objective of this paper is to review experience in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in Georgia. PMTCT is one of the strategic priorities in Georgia. The first case of HIV infection in pregnant women was reported in 1999. Starting 2005 the National Programme on PMTCT became operational. One hundred sixteen HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) centers operate throughout the country at antenatal clinics. According to the National PMTCT protocol, all first time attending pregnant women are offered Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT). Testing on HIV/AIDS is based on identification of HIV antibodies by screening method and all positive results are referred to the Infectious Diseases, AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Center (IDACIRC) for the further investigation (confirmation by Western Blot assay) and further management. Data collection was made retrospectively, using information from IDACIRC National HIV/AIDS Data Base, VRF for the period 1999-2007. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women availing VCT services in 2006 was 0.03%. As of December, 2007 total 69 pregnancies of 64 women were registered at the IDACIRC. Fifty eight women (90.6%) acquired infection through heterosexual contact. None of the HIV positive women reported intravenous injection of illicit drugs. The majority of the HIV infected pregnant women had one sexual partner (90.6%). Of children delivered by 51 positive partners 41(80%) were infected through injecting drugs intravenously and 10 (20%) persons through heterosexual contacts. Throughout the period 1999-2007 14 pregnant women received PMTCT services only partially. In 2 cases children were HIV-infected. In 12 pregnancies women received AZT in about the 28th week of pregnancy. No case of HIV transmission to child was recorded in this group. In 32 cases pregnant women received full prophylaxis therapy and all children were negative for HIV infection. Among 6 pregnant women admitted at IDACIRC later than

  10. FACTORES FINANCIEROS LOCALES INFLUYEN LAS ACTIVIDADES DE LOS BANCOS COOPERATIVOS GRIEGOS / LOCAL FINANCIAL FACTORS INFLUENCING ACTIVITIES OF GREEK COOPERATIVE BANKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GEORGE KONTEOS

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina la influencia de las condiciones locales en las actividades bancarias centrandose en el caso de los 14 bancos cooperativos en Grecia durante el período 1999-2007. Estos bancos han sido seleccionados por su carácter local y en consecuencia, están más influenciadas por las condiciones locales, en comparación con los bancos con red nacional e incluso internacional. Las condiciones locales pueden ser endógenas y exógenas al banco. Las endógenas al banco es la red bancaria que se desarrolla a nivel local o regional asi como a los miembros de los bancos que son la parte principal de la clientela de estas. Una macroeconómica y exógena condición del banco es la cantidad de ahorros en la localidad donde opera. Las actividades bancarias que han sido examinadas incluyen los depósitos y los préstamos que constituyen la parte principal de las actividades bancarias de los bancos cooperativos en Grecia. El crecimiento de la red bancaria es el principal factor de aumento de las actividades del banco; el crecimiento de los miembros de las cooperativas y el aumento de las economías locales tienen una influencia positiva, pero menos importante en las actividades de los bancos cooperativos./This paper examines the influence of local conditions on banking activities focusing on the case of 14 cooperative banks in Greece for the period 1999-2007. These banks have been chosen because of their local character and consequently they are more influenced by local conditions in comparison to banks having a national and even international network. Local conditions could be endogenous and exogenous to the bank. The endogenous to the bank are the banking network developed locally or regionally, and the members of the banks who are the main part of the banks’ clientele. A macroeconomic and exogenous to the bank condition is the amount of savings in the prefecture in which the cooperative bank operates. The banking activities which have

  11. The Genetic Ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryc, Katarzyna; Durand, Eric Y.; Macpherson, J. Michael; Reich, David; Mountain, Joanna L.

    2015-01-01

    Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry. PMID:25529636

  12. Adopting genetics: motivations and outcomes of personal genomic testing in adult adoptees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, Natalie M; Christensen, Kurt D; Carere, Deanna Alexis; Broadley, Simon A; Roberts, J Scott; Green, Robert C

    2016-09-01

    American adult adoptees may possess limited information about their biological families and turn to direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (PGT) for genealogical and medical information. We investigated the motivations and outcomes of adoptees undergoing PGT using data from the Impact of Personal Genomics (PGen) Study. The PGen Study surveyed new 23andMe and Pathway Genomics customers before and 6 months after receiving PGT results. Exploratory analyses compared adoptees' and nonadoptees' PGT attitudes, expectations, and experiences. We evaluated the association of adoption status with motivations for testing and postdisclosure actions using logistic regression models. Of 1,607 participants, 80 (5%) were adopted. As compared with nonadoptees, adoptees were more likely to cite limited knowledge of family health history (OR = 10.1; 95% CI = 5.7-19.5) and the opportunity to learn genetic disease risks (OR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.6-4.8) as strong motivations for PGT. Of 922 participants who completed 6-month follow-up, there was no significant association between adoption status and PGT-motivated health-care utilization or health-behavior change. PGT allows adoptees to gain otherwise inaccessible information about their genetic disease risks and ancestry, helping them to fill the void of an incomplete family health history.Genet Med 18 9, 924-932.

  13. Consumers report lower confidence in their genetics knowledge following direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carere, Deanna Alexis; Kraft, Peter; Kaphingst, Kimberly A; Roberts, J Scott; Green, Robert C

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to measure changes to genetics knowledge and self-efficacy following personal genomic testing (PGT). New customers of 23andMe and Pathway Genomics completed a series of online surveys. We measured genetics knowledge (nine true/false items) and genetics self-efficacy (five Likert-scale items) before receipt of results and 6 months after results and used paired methods to evaluate change over time. Correlates of change (e.g., decision regret) were identified using linear regression. 998 PGT customers (59.9% female; 85.8% White; mean age 46.9 ± 15.5 years) were included in our analyses. Mean genetics knowledge score was 8.15 ± 0.95 (out of 9) at baseline and 8.25 ± 0.92 at 6 months (P = 0.0024). Mean self-efficacy score was 29.06 ± 5.59 (out of 35) at baseline and 27.7 ± 5.46 at 6 months (P reported lower self-efficacy following PGT. Change in self-efficacy was positively associated with health-care provider consultation (P = 0.0042), impact of PGT on perceived control over one's health (P consumers in response to receiving complex genetic information.Genet Med 18 1, 65-72.

  14. When Markers Meet Marketing: Ethnicity, Race, Hybridity, and Kinship in Genetic Genealogy Television Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Scodari

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores issues pertaining to genetics vs. culture in understandings of kinship, hybridity as a disruptor of essentialist conceptions of race, the fetishization of ethnicity and culture, racist misuses of genetic science, processes of racialization, and counter-hegemonic resistance. Thirty- and sixty-second television advertisements airing in the U.S. from the 23andMe and AncestryDNA genetic genealogy testing services are analyzed in this context. The investigation demonstrates that genetic ancestry testing providers are well aware that their enterprise is premised on belief in the superiority of biological kinship and that hybridity is mobilized primarily as a marketing opportunity with ethnic components signified in shorthand by fetishized objects. Moreover, the categories of race and ethnicity presented in the ads give cover to racist abusers of genetic science, as the ads are consistent with socially constructed racial classifications. While maintaining this consistency, the categories are subject to adjustment based on the expectations of consumers. Resistance is possible in the use of genetic ancestry by descendants of African slaves to make localized connections to Africa, something that conventional genealogy seldom provides.

  15. Identification of genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeland, Olav B; Wang, Yunpeng; Lo, Min-Tzu; Li, Wen; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Tesli, Martin; Hinds, David A; Tung, Joyce Y; Djurovic, Srdjan; Chen, Chi-Hua; Dale, Anders M; Andreassen, Ole A

    2017-05-22

    Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits using a Bayesian statistical framework. Using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on personality traits in the 23andMe cohort (n = 59,225) and schizophrenia in the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium cohort (n = 82,315), we evaluated overlap in common genetic variants. The Big Five personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness were measured using a web implementation of the Big Five Inventory. Applying the conditional false discovery rate approach, we increased discovery of genetic loci and identified two loci shared between neuroticism and schizophrenia and six loci shared between openness and schizophrenia. The study provides new insights into the relationship between personality traits and schizophrenia by highlighting genetic loci involved in their common genetic etiology.

  16. Allelopathic dominance ofMiscanthus transmorrisonensis in an alpine grassland community in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, C H; Lee, Y F

    1991-11-01

    A study site located at 2600 m elevation in Tartarchia Anpu, Nantou county, Taiwan, exhibits a unique grassland community composed of two principal species,Miscanthus transmorrisonensis andYushinia niitakayamensis, and 35 other species. The relative frequencies of the two species are 12% and 11%, while their relative coverages are 25% and 19.5%, respectively. The values for the remaining 35 species are lower than4% each, while species diversity of the community is -3.04839, indicating great diversity. To elucidate the mechanism of dominance ofM. transmorrisonensis, allelopathic evaluation of the plant was conducted. Aqueous extracts of M.Transmorrisonensis plant parts with two ecotypes were bioassayed. The extracts showed significant phytotoxic effects on seed germination and radicle growth of four tested plants: rye grass, lettuce, and two varieties of Chinese cabbage. In addition, rhizosphere soils underMiscanthus also exhibited significant phytotoxicity, indicating that allelopathic interaction was involved. Some responsible phytotoxic phenolics, namely, p-coumaric, ferulic, vanillic, protocatechuic, o-hydroxyphenylacetic, andm-hydroxyphenylacetic acids, and 4-hydroxycoumarin and phloridzin were identified. Allelopathy thus can play an important role in regulating plant diversity in the field.

  17. Symmetries of Quadrupole-Collective Vibrational Motion in Transitional Even-Even 124−134Xenon Nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Pietralla, N; Rainovski, G; Ahn, T; Bauer, C; Leske, J; Möller, O; Möller, T

    2010-01-01

    Projectile-Coulomb excitation of Xe isotopes has been performed at ANL using the Gammasphere array for the detection of γ-rays. The one-quadrupole phonon 2+ 1,ms mixed-symmetry state (MSS) has been traced in the stable N=80 isotones down to 134Xe. First, the data on absolute E2 andM1 transition rates quantify the amount of F-spin symmetry in these nuclei and provide a new local measure for the pn-QQ interaction. Second, the evolution of the 2+ 1,ms state has been studied along the sequence of stable even-even 124−134Xe isotopes that are considered to form a shape transition path from vibrational nuclei with vibrational U(5) symmetry near N=82 to γ-softly deformed shapes with almost O(6) symmetry. Third, our data on more than 50 absolute E2 transition rates between off-yrast low-spin states of 124,126Xe enable us to quantitatively test O(6) symmetry in these nuclei. As a result we find that O(6) symmetry is more strongly broken in the A=130 mass region than previously thought. The data will be discussed.

  18. President Ilves andis teenetemärgi 268 inimesele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi 90. aastapäeva puhul riiklike autasudega tunnustatud isikute nimekiri. Vt. samas: Allar Viivik. Ärimees ja kirjanik on saanud kolm autasu. Kolm teenetemärki on saanud kirjanik ja riigitegelane Lehte Sööt (Hainsalu) ning ärimees Toomas Luman; Kadri Paas. Valgetähe orden purjutajast naaklejale. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves annab Valgetähe III klassi ordeni Indrek Tarandile kaasa aitamise eest Eesti liitumisele Euroopa Liidu ja NATOga; Teenetemärke on antud välja 5544. Eesti riiklikke teenetemärke jagab Vabariigi President 1995. aastast. Statistilised andmed eri aastatel antud teenetemärkide kohta. Vt. ka lk. 10 juhtkiri: Ärma ordenipuu. Autasustatute nimekiri ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht 7. veebr. 2008, lk. 8-9, pealk.: Vabariigi president Toomas Hendrik Ilves jagab teenetemärke; Postimees 7. veebr. 2008, lk. 12-15, pealk.: Riiklike teenetemärkide saajad; Postimees : na russkom jazõke 7. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, 4-5 ; Maaleht 7. veebr. 2008, lk. 12-13, pealk.: Eesti tänab 2008; Linnaleht : Tallinn 7. veebr. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Eesti tänab; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 21. veebr. 2008, lk. 3, 11, pealk.: Selgusid 2008. aasta Eesti riiklikud autasud; Eesti Elu 22. veebr. 2008, lk. 12-13, pealk.: Riiklike autasude andmine

  19. Cryptic distant relatives are common in both isolated and cosmopolitan genetic samples.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenna M Henn

    Full Text Available Although a few hundred single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs suffice to infer close familial relationships, high density genome-wide SNP data make possible the inference of more distant relationships such as 2(nd to 9(th cousinships. In order to characterize the relationship between genetic similarity and degree of kinship given a timeframe of 100-300 years, we analyzed the sharing of DNA inferred to be identical by descent (IBD in a subset of individuals from the 23andMe customer database (n = 22,757 and from the Human Genome Diversity Panel (HGDP-CEPH, n = 952. With data from 121 populations, we show that the average amount of DNA shared IBD in most ethnolinguistically-defined populations, for example Native American groups, Finns and Ashkenazi Jews, differs from continentally-defined populations by several orders of magnitude. Via extensive pedigree-based simulations, we determined bounds for predicted degrees of relationship given the amount of genomic IBD sharing in both endogamous and 'unrelated' population samples. Using these bounds as a guide, we detected tens of thousands of 2(nd to 9(th degree cousin pairs within a heterogenous set of 5,000 Europeans. The ubiquity of distant relatives, detected via IBD segments, in both ethnolinguistic populations and in large 'unrelated' populations samples has important implications for genetic genealogy, forensics and genotype/phenotype mapping studies.

  20. THE BENEFITS OF CUSTOMIZED DNA DIRECTED NUTRITION TO BALANCE THE BRAIN REWARD CIRCUITRY AND REDUCE ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Kenneth; Downs, B.W.; Dushaj, Kristina; Li, Mona; Braverman, Eric R.; Fried, Lyle; Waite, Roger; Demotrovics, Zsolt; Badgaiyan, Rajendra D.

    2016-01-01

    DNA Customization of nutraceutical products is here. In the truest sense, “Gene Guided Precision Nutrition™” and KB220 variants (a complex mixture of amino–acids, trace metals, and herbals) are the pioneers and standard-bearers for a state of the art DNA customization. Findings by both, Kenneth Blum, Ph.D. and Ernest Noble, Ph.D. concerning the role of genes in shaping cravings and pleasure- seeking, opened the doors to comprehension of how genetics control our actions and effect our mental and physical health. Moreover, technology that is related to KB220 variants in order to reduce or eradicate excessive cravings by influencing gene expression is a cornerstone in the pioneering of the practical applications of nutrigenomics. Continuing discoveries have been an important catalyst for the evolution, expansion, and scientific recognition of the significance of nutrigenomics and its remarkable contributions to human health. Neuro-Nutrigenomics is now a very important field of scientific investigation that offers great promise to improving the human condition. In the forefront is the development of the Genetic Addiction Risk Score (GARS™), which unlike 23andMe, has predictive value for the severity of drug and alcohol abuse as well as other non-substance related addictive behaviors. While customization of neuronutrients has not yet been commercialized, there is emerging evidence that in the future, the concept will be developed and could have a significant impact in addiction medicine. PMID:28066828

  1. ANALISIS KUALITAS AUDIT TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA AKUNTANSI: STUDI PENDEKATAN COMPOSITE MEASURE VERSUS CONVENTIONAL MEASURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonius Herusetya

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effect of audit quality on earnings management behavior using a variety of audit quality proxies, either using a single proxy or a joint test of some proxies of audit quality. The study proposed a new composite measure of audit quality called the Audit Quality Metric Score (AQMS, which represents the dimension of competence and independence of audit quality. The study compared the validity of the conventional and the multidimensional measurement of audit quality. With a sample of 1,152 firm-years panel data of non-financial companies listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX for the year 1999-2007, the study found a negative effect of audit quality over the accrual earnings management, whether using conventional or multidimensional measures of audit quality. These findings are consistent with the previous findings. The study did not find evidence that composite measure of audit quality has higher validity than conventional measures. Rather, we found evidence that Big 4 as a single proxy of audit quality has higher validity compared to the other proxies or using AQMS. The findings of this study are robust due to sensitivity test that support the main findings.

  2. Cervical stenosis in spinal cord injury and disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Stephen P; Weaver, Frances; Chin, Amy; Svircev, Jelena; Carbone, Laura

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to characterize etiologies of spinal cord injury and disorders (SCI/D) in persons with and without cervical stenosis/spondylosis (CSS) and to describe clinical characteristics and underlying comorbidities in these populations. We reviewed administrative data for 1954 Veterans who had onset of traumatic or non-traumatic tetraplegia during FY 1999-2007. This included 1037 with a diagnosis of CSS at or in the two years prior to SCI onset of SCI/D and 917 without a diagnosis of CSS. Demographics, etiologies of SCI/D and comorbidities by CSS status. Veterans with SCI/D and CSS were older, more likely to have incomplete injuries and more likely to be Black than those with SCI/D and no CSS. Of patients with traumatic etiologies for SCI, 35.1% had a diagnosis of CSS at the time of or in the 2 years prior to SCI onset. Of those with tetraplegia due to falls, 40.0% had CSS, whereas for other known traumatic etiologies the percentages with CSS were lower: vehicular (25.0%); sports (16.1%); and acts of violence (10.2%). Total comorbidity scores measured by the Charlson co morbidity index and CMS Hierarchical Condition Category (CMS-HCC) were higher in those with CSS and SCI/D compared to those with SCI/D without CSS (P traumatic tetraplegia. Falls are a particularly important potentially modifiable risk for SCI in patients with CSS.

  3. Recharge signal identification based on groundwater level observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hwa-Lung; Chu, Hone-Jay

    2012-10-01

    This study applied a method of the rotated empirical orthogonal functions to directly decompose the space-time groundwater level variations and determine the potential recharge zones by investigating the correlation between the identified groundwater signals and the observed local rainfall records. The approach is used to analyze the spatiotemporal process of piezometric heads estimated by Bayesian maximum entropy method from monthly observations of 45 wells in 1999-2007 located in the Pingtung Plain of Taiwan. From the results, the primary potential recharge area is located at the proximal fan areas where the recharge process accounts for 88% of the spatiotemporal variations of piezometric heads in the study area. The decomposition of groundwater levels associated with rainfall can provide information on the recharge process since rainfall is an important contributor to groundwater recharge in semi-arid regions. Correlation analysis shows that the identified recharge closely associates with the temporal variation of the local precipitation with a delay of 1-2 months in the study area.

  4. Convergence, Crisis and Unemployment in Europe: The Need for Innovative Policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Marelli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper reviews the double crisis that affected the euro area in the recent period. The focal point is that the austerity measures that have been undertaken in the area, especially in the peripheral countries hurt by the sovereign debt crisis, have not only caused a deep recession but are likely to lead to stagnation and persistent unemployment. In the first part of the paper, original weaknesses in the construction of the monetary union are examined, the emphasis being placed on nominal convergence criteria without taking into account the need for real convergence. This analysis is corroborated by some econometric investigations based on sigma and beta convergence for different macroeconomic variables, distinguishing between the pre-crisis period, 1999-2007, and the recent 2008-2013 period. The empirical section continues with a discussion of recent macroeconomic trends focusing on unemployment: it stresses that the deep and prolonged recession can be defeated only by adequate demand management policies. The next section explains how the excessive austerity policies recently carried out have also been caused by wrong assumptions about the size of the fiscal multipliers. The final policy section emphasizes three aspects: (i the radical reforms, at the European level, necessary if the monetary union is to survive; (ii the changes in macroeconomic policies required to put an end to the present stagnation; (iii the different and innovative policies needed to fight the high level of unemployment (especially youth unemployment.

  5. Weather elements, chemical air pollutants and airborne pollen influencing asthma emergency room visits in Szeged, Hungary: performance of two objective weather classifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makra, László; Puskás, János; Matyasovszky, István; Csépe, Zoltán; Lelovics, Enikő; Bálint, Beatrix; Tusnády, Gábor

    2015-09-01

    Weather classification approaches may be useful tools in modelling the occurrence of respiratory diseases. The aim of the study is to compare the performance of an objectively defined weather classification and the Spatial Synoptic Classification (SSC) in classifying emergency department (ED) visits for acute asthma depending from weather, air pollutants, and airborne pollen variables for Szeged, Hungary, for the 9-year period 1999-2007. The research is performed for three different pollen-related periods of the year and the annual data set. According to age and gender, nine patient categories, eight meteorological variables, seven chemical air pollutants, and two pollen categories were used. In general, partly dry and cold air and partly warm and humid air aggravate substantially the symptoms of asthmatics. Our major findings are consistent with this establishment. Namely, for the objectively defined weather types favourable conditions for asthma ER visits occur when an anticyclonic ridge weather situation happens with near extreme temperature and humidity parameters. Accordingly, the SSC weather types facilitate aggravating asthmatic conditions if warm or cool weather occur with high humidity in both cases. Favourable conditions for asthma attacks are confirmed in the extreme seasons when atmospheric stability contributes to enrichment of air pollutants. The total efficiency of the two classification approaches is similar in spite of the fact that the methodology for derivation of the individual types within the two classification approaches is completely different.

  6. Malnutrition related deaths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparre-Sørensen, Maja; Kristensen, Gustav N

    2016-10-01

    Studies have shown that malnutrition increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, the length of hospital stay, and costs in the elderly population. Approximately one third of all patients admitted to geriatric wards in Denmark are malnourished according to the Danish Geriatric database. The aim of this study is to describe and examine the sudden increase in deaths due to malnutrition in the elderly population in Denmark from 1999 and, similarly, the sudden decline in malnutrition related deaths in 2007. A descriptive epidemiologic study was performed. All Danes listed in the national death registry who died from malnutrition in the period from 1994 to 2012 are included. The number of deaths from malnutrition increased significantly during the period from 1999 to 2007, especially in the age group 70 years and over. Additionally, we document a surprising similarity between the development in excess mortality from malnutrition in the five Danish regions during the same period. During the period 1999-2007 malnutrition was the direct cause of 340 extra deaths, and probably ten times more registered under other diseases. This development in excess mortality runs parallel in all five Danish regions over time. Copyright © 2016 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A; Krauss, Melissa J; Spitznagel, Edward L; Schootman, Mario; Peipert, Jeffrey F; Cottler, Linda B; Bierut, Laura Jean

    2010-12-01

    This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents. Data consisted of sexually active adolescents (9th-12th grade, weighted n=24,638) from the 1999-2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). We performed multinomial multivariable logistic regression analyses with condom users at last sexual intercourse as the reference group. Males who used alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana and cocaine were more likely to use no method/unsure of method (OR=2.4, CI=1.7-3.4) or rely on withdrawal (OR=2.6, CI=1.5-4.3). Females with six or more sexual partners were more likely to rely on withdrawal (OR=2.9, CI=2.1-3.9) or contraception methods that offer no STI protection [i.e., birth control pills: OR=1.9, CI=1.4-2.5; and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA, marketed as Depo-Provera): OR=2.6, CI=1.6-4.2]. Earlier age of sexual debut was also associated with nonuse. Prevention efforts should focus on at-risk adolescents including substance-using males, females with six or more sexual partners, and those who initiate sexual intercourse at an early age. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Impact of evolving strategy on clinical outcomes and central pulmonary artery growth in patients with bilateral superior vena cava undergoing a bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honjo, Osami; Tran, Kim-Chi D; Hua, Zhongdong; Sapra, Priya; Alghamdi, Abdullah A; Russell, Jennifer L; Caldarone, Christopher A; Van Arsdell, Glen S

    2010-09-01

    We reported a high incidence of thrombosis, central pulmonary artery hypoplasia, and mortality for bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary shunts. We hypothesized that technical modifications in the cavopulmonary anastomosis and anticoagulation would limit thrombus and central pulmonary artery hypoplasia, and thereby improve outcomes. Sixty-one patients (median age, 8.4 months; weight, 6.6 kg) underwent bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt from 1990 to 2007. The cohort was divided into 2 groups: 1) the conventional group (1990-1999, n = 37) and 2) the V-shaped group, with a hemi-Fontan or modification in which the cavae were anastomosed to the pulmonary artery adjacent to each other so they formed the appearance of a V (1999-2007, n = 24). Central and branch pulmonary artery growth, survival, and reinterventions were determined. The pre-Fontan study showed equivalent superior venae cavae and Nakata indices. The central pulmonary artery index and central pulmonary artery/Nakata index ratio were significantly higher in the V-shaped group (P analysis showed anastomotic strategy, low saturation, and thrombosis were predictors for death. Anastomotic strategy, lack of anticoagulation, thrombosis, and small superior venae cavae were predictors for reintervention (P strategy affected reintervention. Anastomotic strategy and postoperative thrombus affected mortality. 2010 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Suicide, unemployment, and economic recession in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias-García, Celso; Sáiz, Pilar A; Burón, Patricia; Sánchez-Lasheras, Fernando; Jiménez-Treviño, Luis; Fernández-Artamendi, Sergio; Al-Halabí, Susana; Corcoran, Paul; García-Portilla, M Paz; Bobes, Julio

    The aim of the present work is to determine the association between unemployment and suicide, and to investigate whether this association is affected by changes in the economic cycle or other variables such as age and sex. A time-trend analysis was conducted to study changes in the number of suicides between 1999 and 2013 in Spain. Pearson's correlation coefficients and regression models were used to find the association between unemployment and suicide. A significant positive association was found between unemployment and suicide in the pre-crisis period in men. In that period (1999-2007), each 1% annual increase in unemployment was associated with a 6.90% increase in the annual variation of suicide in the total population, and with a 9.04% increase in the annual variation of suicide in working age men. The correlation between unemployment and suicide is significant in periods of economic stability, but has weakened during the recent financial crisis. Unemployment and suicide have a complex relationship modulated by age, sex and economic cycle. Copyright © 2017 SEP y SEPB. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. The Incidence and gastrointestinal infectious risk of functional gastrointestinal disorders in a healthy US adult population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Chad K; Gormley, Robert; Tribble, David R; Cash, Brooks D; Riddle, Mark S

    2011-01-01

    Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGDs) are recognized sequelae of infectious gastroenteritis (IGE). Within the active duty military population, a group with known high IGE rates, the population-based incidence, risk factors, and attributable burden of care referable to FGD after IGE are poorly defined. Using electronic medical encounter data (1999-2007) on active duty US military, a matched, case-control study describing the epidemiology and risk determinants of FGD (irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), functional diarrhea (FD), dyspepsia (D)) was conducted. Incidence rates and duration of FGD-related medical care were estimated, and conditional logistic regression was utilized to evaluate FGD risk after IGE. A total of 31,866 cases of FGD identified were distributed as follows: FC 55% (n=17,538), D 21.2% (n=6,750), FD 2.1% (n=674), IBS 28.5% (n=9,091). Previous IGE episodes were distributed as follows: specific bacterial pathogen (n=65, 1.2%), bacterial, with no pathogen specified (n=2155, 38.9%), protozoal (n=38, 0.7%), viral (n=3431, 61.9%). A significant association between IGE and all FGD (odds ratio (OR) 2.64; Phigh risk for IGE. When considering effective countermeasures and mitigation strategies, attention directed toward prevention as well as the acute and chronic sequelae of these infections is needed.

  11. Temporal and spatial patterns of anthropogenic disturbance at McMurdo Station, Antarctica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kennicutt, Mahlon C II; Klein, Andrew; Montagna, Paul; Palmer, Terence; Sweet, Stephen; Wade, Terry; Sericano, Jose; Denoux, Guy

    2010-01-01

    Human visitations to Antarctica have increased in recent decades, raising concerns about preserving the continent's environmental quality. To understand the spatial and temporal patterns of anthropogenic disturbances at the largest scientific station in Antarctica, McMurdo Station, a long-term monitoring program has been implemented. Results from the first nine years (1999-2007) of monitoring are reported. Most physical disturbance of land surfaces occurred prior to 1970 during initial establishment of the station. Hydrocarbons from fuel and anthropogenic metals occur in patches of tens to hundreds of square meters in areas of fuel usage and storage. Most soil contaminant concentrations are not expected to elicit biological responses. Past disposal practices have contaminated marine sediments with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), petroleum hydrocarbons, and metals in close proximity to the station that often exceed concentrations expected to elicit biological responses. Chemical contamination and organic enrichment reduced marine benthic ecological integrity within a few hundred meters offshore of the station. Contaminants were detected in marine benthic organisms confirming bioavailability and uptake. PCBs in sediments are similar to suspected source materials, indicating minimal microbial degradation decades after release. Anthropogenic disturbance of the marine environment is likely to persist for decades. A number of monitoring design elements, indicators and methodologies used in temperate climates were effective and provide guidance for monitoring programs elsewhere in Antarctica.

  12. Tv-serien som vor tids roman?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jakob Isak

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen gør rede for de forbindelseslinjer, der er mellem den nyere amerikanske tv-serie og en række andre udtryksformer (fx radiospillet og spillefilmen) for dernæst at fokusere på tv-seriens slægtskab med romanen. Alene i Danmark har såvel kulturjournalister som forskere påpeget ligheder de...... to udtryksformer imellem, og artiklen vil forsøge at skabe et overblik over berøringsfladerne og parallellerne. Artiklens tese er, at sammenligningen er gangbar i forhold til en række parametre – særligt hvis man indsnævrer de i udgangspunktet temmelig heterogene og vidtfavnende udtryksformer ”romanen” og ”tv......-serien” og fokuserer på bestemte eksempler og strømninger samt på bestemte distributions-, brugs- og oplevelsesformer (særligt DVD-udgivelsen ifm. tv-serier fx). Eksemplerne er primært fra en række nyere amerikanske tv-serier fra The Sopranos (HBO, 1999-2007) og frem, og artiklen vil afslutningsvist påpege...

  13. Cryotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shinohara, Katsuko

    2007-01-01

    Cryotherapy is a method to ablate tissues by the local induction of extremely low temperatures, and has recently attracted considerable attention as an alternative, promising treatment of localized prostate (P) cancer. This paper describes fundamentals, clinical applications and future aspects of the method in the P cancer treatment in the following order: History of the therapy; Cryobiology; Cryotherapy equipment; Patient selection; Preoperative considerations; Procedure and follow-up; Complications; Outcome and prognosis; and Future development and controversies. The current, 3rd generation cryogenic machine like SeedNet (Galil Oncura) uses liquid argon as a cryogen and has needle-shaped cryo-probes to be placed in P to make conformal freezing. The salvage treatment is an alternative therapy in patient selection for those previously undergone with other treatment like radiation. In the cryotherapy procedure, the transrectal US probe is firstly inserted for guidance of the cryo-probes and other sensors. Most frequent complication involves impotence and incontinence. In reports in 1999-2007 of the primary cryotherapy, biochemical (i.e., the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level) disease-free survivals (bDFS, in %) are 69-84, 71-89, and 45-89 in low, intermediate and high risk groups, respectively, and local recurrence (%), 10-38. For the salvage therapy in 1997-2004, bDFS are 34-72% and the recurrence, 0-23%. It seems likely that cryosurgery will play a more important role in prostate cancer management in future. (R.T.)

  14. The Pennsylvania certified safety committee program: an evaluation of participation and effects on work injury rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hangsheng; Burns, Rachel M; Schaefer, Agnes G; Ruder, Teague; Nelson, Christopher; Haviland, Amelia M; Gray, Wayne B; Mendeloff, John

    2010-08-01

    Since 1994, Pennsylvania, like several other states, has provided a 5% discount on workers' compensation insurance premiums for firms with a certified joint labor management safety committee. This study explored the factors affecting program participation and evaluated the effect of this program on work injuries. Using Pennsylvania unemployment insurance data (1996-2006), workers' compensation data (1998-2005), and the safety committee audit data (1999-2007), we conducted propensity score matching and regression analysis on the program's impact on injury rates. Larger firms, firms with higher injury rates, firms in high risk industries, and firms without labor unions were more likely to join the safety committee program and less likely to drop out of the program. The injury rates of participants did not decline more than the rates for non-participants; however, rates at participant firms with good compliance dropped more than the rates at participant firms with poor compliance. Firm size and prior injury rates are key predictors of program participation. Firms that complied with the requirement to train their safety committee members did experience reductions in injuries, but non-compliance with that and other requirements was so widespread that no overall impact of the program could be detected. Copyright 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  15. Experiences in the evaluation of prenatal unjustified exposure during the medical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardenas Herrera, Juan; Lopez Bejerano, Gladys M.; Gonzalez, Alina Martinez

    2008-01-01

    Full text: The exposure to the radiation ionising of pregnant women frequently constitutes motive of preoccupation for the expectant mother and the medical professionals taken the responsibility with its attention. The protection of the embryo-fetus against the radiations ionising is of singular importance due to its special vulnerability, to this agent. On the other hand the diagnosis or treatment with radiations ionising beneficial for the expectant mother, are only indirectly it for the embryo-fetus that is exposed to a hazard without perceiving anything. The present paper exposes the experience obtained in the clinical and dosimetric evaluation from twenty-one patient subjected 'gestantes' to diverse radiodiagnostic procedures or nuclear medicine, during the years 1999 - 2007. The obtained results evidence that 30% of the patients was subjected to procedures of nuclear medicine with purposes diagnoses or therapeutic. While the period of pregnancy of the patients oscillated between 4 and 13 weeks. It could be concluded that in all the cases the doses received by the patients in the whole body didn't overcome the 2 mSv. When conjugating the period of pregnancy of the patients with the doses received don't have any evidences of significant risks for the embryo-fetus. (author)

  16. Rate of Clinical Complete Response for 1 Year or More in Bone-Metastatic Breast Cancer after Comprehensive Treatments including Autologous Formalin-Fixed Tumor Vaccine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuranishi, Fumito; Imaoka, Yuki; Sumi, Yuusuke; Uemae, Yoji; Yasuda-Kurihara, Hiroko; Ishihara, Takeshi; Miyazaki, Tsubasa; Ohno, Tadao

    2018-01-01

    No effective treatment has been developed for bone-metastatic breast cancer. We found 3 cases with clinical complete response (cCR) of the bone metastasis and longer overall survival of the retrospectively examined cohort treated comprehensively including autologous formalin-fixed tumor vaccine (AFTV). AFTV was prepared individually for each patient from their own formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissues. Three patients maintained cCR status of the bone metastasis for 17 months or more. Rate of cCR for 1 year or more appeared to be 15% (3/20) after comprehensive treatments including AFTV. The median overall survival time (60.0 months) and the 3- to 8-year survival rates after diagnosis of bone metastasis were greater than those of historical control cohorts in Japan (1988-2002) and in the nationwide population-based cohort study of Denmark (1999-2007). Bone-metastatic breast cancer may be curable after comprehensive treatments including AFTV, although larger scale clinical trial is required.

  17. Limited economic evaluation to assess the effectiveness of a university-wide office ergonomics program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidassie, Balmatee; McGlothlin, James D; Goh, Alina; Feyen, Robert G; Barany, James W

    2010-05-01

    The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness and provide a limited economic evaluation of an office ergonomics program at a major university from 1995 to 2007. The relationship between office-related recordable injuries, reported lost time, severity of these injuries, and the Workers' Compensation (WC) paid was analyzed and the corresponding incident cost was calculated. Two major datasets analyzed were OSHA 200/300 logs (1991-2007) and WC claims paid (1999-2007). Since the beginning of the office ergonomics program in 1995 and through 2007 (13-year period), the number of office cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) cases decreased by 53%. Since the official start (in 1999) of a 50-50 cost share agreement for office equipment purchases between the university's Safety and Health Department (SHD) and the university departments evaluated, it was observed that the incident rate decreased by 63%, Total Days Away/restrict or Transfer (DART) rate decreased by 41%, Lost Time Case (LTC) rate decreased by 71% and office-related carpal tunnel syndrome decreased by almost 50%. The long-term goal of this research is to demonstrate the self-sustainability of an office ergonomics program by showing that equipment costs are eventually offset by a decrease in WC claims paid and lost time from office-related injuries and illnesses. While limited, this research helps in cost-justifying the implementation of future office ergonomics programs for large organizations. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. An online english course using a task-based language teaching: the teacher as an agent of choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Elaine Emidio

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the advent of the new technologies, the language teaching came across to a virtual learning environment. In an attempt to consider the principles of the communicative approach (ALMEIDA FILHO, 2002, 2005, 2012 and the task-based language teaching (TBLT (SKEHAN, 1996; XAVIER 1999, 2007; BARBIRATO 1999, 2005 an online English course was offered in the Moodle platform to students of technical, technological and Undergraduate courses from a Federal institution of technology. The theme chosen for the course was Inventors and Inventions and the thematic units contemplated aspects of Nikola Tesla’s and Leonardo da Vinci’s lives and inventions. The purpose of this article, therefore, is to present and discuss results derived from a doctoral research analyzing the teacher’s role in the preparation of thematic material based on tasks for the online English course in the Moodle. The data analysis pointed out to the very important role of the teacher in the challenges and choices along the process of the material elaboration.

  19. Collie Eye Anomaly in Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walser-Reinhardt, L; Hässig, M; Spiess, B

    2009-12-01

    In this retrospective study, the results of 3'527 eye examinations in 6 different breeds affected with Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) over a period of 8 years (1999 - 2007) are described. CEA was divided into three main ophthalmoscopic features, a) choroidal hypoplasia (CRH), b) CRH and coloboma and c) coloboma alone. Of the 101 Smooth Collies 8.9 % showed signs of CRH, whereas 36.9 % of Rough Collies were affected with CRH, 2.8 % with CRH and coloboma and 0.38 % with coloboma alone. Choroidal hypoplasia was present in 13.1 %, CRH and coloboma in 1.8 % and coloboma alone in 0.2 % of the Shetland Sheepdogs. Only one Australian Shepherd dog had CRH, while 0.7 % of the Border Collies were affected with CRH. None of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers were affected with CEA. There were no statistically significant differences in the occurrence of CEA between males and females, nor was there any relation between coat colors. Significant differences could be shown between dogs younger or older than 8 weeks at first examination. CEA was more often diagnosed in dogs younger than 8 weeks within the Rough Collie and Shetland Sheepdog.

  20. Direct-to-consumer genomics on the scales of autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vayena, Effy

    2015-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic services have generated enormous controversy from their first emergence. A dramatic recent manifestation of this is the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) cease and desist order against 23andMe, the leading provider in the market. Critics have argued for the restrictive regulation of such services, and even their prohibition, on the grounds of the harm they pose to consumers. Their advocates, by contrast, defend them as a means of enhancing the autonomy of those same consumers. Autonomy emerges as a key battle-field in this debate, because many of the ‘harm’ arguments can be interpreted as identifying threats to autonomy. This paper assesses whether DTC genomic services are a threat to, or instead, an enhancement of, personal autonomy. It deploys Joseph Raz's account of personal autonomy, with its emphasis on choice from a range of valuable options. It then seeks to counter claims that DTC genomics threatens autonomy because it involves manipulation in contravention of consumers’ independence or because it does not generate valuable options which can be meaningfully engaged with by consumers. It is stressed that the value of the options generated by DTC genomics should not be judged exclusively from the perspective of medical actionability, but should take into consideration plural utilities. Finally, the paper ends by broaching policy recommendations, suggesting that there is a strong autonomy-based argument for permitting DTC genomic services, and that the key question is the nature of the regulatory conditions under which they should be permitted. The discussion of autonomy in this paper helps illuminate some of these conditions. PMID:24797610

  1. Understanding the promises and premises of online health platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Van Dijck

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the claims and complexities involved in the platform-based economics of health and fitness apps. We examine a double-edged logic inscribed in these platforms, promising to offer personal solutions to medical problems while also contributing to the public good. On the one hand, online platforms serve as personalized data-driven services to their customers. On the other hand, they allegedly serve public interests, such as medical research or health education. In doing so, many apps employ a diffuse discourse, hinging on terms like “sharing,” “open,” and “reuse” when they talk about data extraction and distribution. The analytical approach we adopt in this article is situated at the nexus of science and technology studies, political economy, and the sociology of health and illness. The analysis concentrates on two aspects: datafication (the use and reuse of data and commodification (a platform’s deployment of governance and business models. We apply these analytical categories to three specific platforms: 23andMe, PatientsLikeMe, and Parkinson mPower. The last section will connect these individual examples to the wider implications of health apps’ data flows, governance policies, and business models. Regulatory bodies commonly focus on the (medical safety and security of apps, but pay scarce attention to health apps’ techno-economic governance. Who owns user-generated health data and who gets to benefit? We argue that it is important to reflect on the societal implications of health data markets. Governments have the duty to provide conceptual clarity in the grand narrative of transforming health care and health research.

  2. Molecular data raise the possibility of cryptic species in the Brazilian endemic prawn Macrobrachiumpotiuna (Decapoda, Palaemonidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício L de Carvalho

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A recent taxonomic revision indicated that Macrobrachiumpotiuna, an endemic prawn in Brazilian freshwater drainages, exhibits wide morphological variability along its limited geographical distribution. However, in some cases, taxonomic doubts at the species level have no clear morphological resolution. Considering that no molecular data of M. potiuna along its distribution were available to provide a complete and integrated overview, we analyzed 21 partial sequences (531 bp from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene of M. potiuna and 9 sequences from outgroup species, by maximum likelihood and parsimony, in order to investigate the possibility of the existence of cryptic species, within the morphologically based M. potiuna. The topologies obtained revealed that M. potiuna represents a monophyletic clade. Nevertheless, two clades supported by both analyses were formed within the M. potiuna taxon. The mean genetic divergence between these two groups was 0.044 ± 0.007, and within each group (i.e., M. potiuna "sensu stricto" andM. potiuna "Affinis-Clade" the divergences were 0.010 ± 0.003 and 0.028 ± 0.005, respectively. As far as we know, this is the first report to show a genetic separation between populations of prawns with abbreviated larval development in South American drainages. Pending additional analysis, to propose a conclusive inference, the existence of these distinct genetic groups must be considered in future studies with the morphologically based M. potiuna. In addition, we extended the known northern distribution with a record from the state of Bahia.

  3. Comprehension and Data-Sharing Behavior of Direct-To-Consumer Genetic Test Customers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Scott P; Coleman, Jason; Najjar, Lotfollah; Fruhling, Ann; Bastola, Dhundy R

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate current direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic customers' ability to interpret and comprehend test results and to determine if honest brokers are needed. One hundred and twenty-two customers of the DTC genetic testing company 23andMe were polled in an online survey. The subjects were asked about their personal test results and to interpret the results of two mock test cases (type 2 diabetes and multiple sclerosis), where results were translated into disease probability for an individual compared to the public. When asked to evaluate the risk, 72.1% correctly assessed the first case and 77% were correct on the second case. Only 23.8% of those surveyed were able to interpret both cases correctly. x03C7;2 and logistic regression were used to interpret the results. Participants who took the time to read the DTC test-provided supplemental material were 3.93 times (p = 0.040) more likely to correctly interpret the test results than those who did not. The odds for correctly interpreting the test cases were 3.289 times (p = 0.011) higher for those who made more than USD 50,000 than those who made less. Survey results were compared to the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) phase 4 cycle 3 data to evaluate national trends. Most of the subjects were able to correctly interpret the test cases, yet a majority did not share their results with a health-care professional. As the market for DTC genetic testing grows, test comprehension will become more critical. Involving more health professionals in this process may be necessary to ensure proper interpretations. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Risky business: risk perception and the use of medical services among customers of DTC personal genetic testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, David J; Bollinger, Juli M; Dvoskin, Rachel L; Scott, Joan A

    2012-06-01

    Direct-to-consumer genetic testing has generated speculation about how customers will interpret results and how these interpretations will influence healthcare use and behavior; however, few empirical data on these topics exist. We conducted an online survey of DTC customers of 23andMe, deCODEme, and Navigenics to begin to address these questions. Random samples of U.S. DTC customers were invited to participate. Survey topics included demographics, perceptions of two sample DTC results, and health behaviors following DTC testing. Of 3,167 DTC customers invited, 33% (n = 1,048) completed the survey. Forty-three percent of respondents had sought additional information about a health condition tested; 28% had discussed their results with a healthcare professional; and 9% had followed up with additional lab tests. Sixteen percent of respondents had changed a medication or supplement regimen, and one-third said they were being more careful about their diet. Many of these health-related behaviors were significantly associated with responses to a question that asked how participants would perceive their colon cancer risk (as low, moderate, or high) if they received a test result showing an 11% lifetime risk, as compared to 5% risk in the general population. Respondents who would consider themselves to be at high risk for colon cancer were significantly more likely to have sought information about a disease (p = 0.03), discussed results with a physician (p = 0.05), changed their diet (p = 0.02), and started exercising more (p = 0.01). Participants' personal health contexts--including personal and family history of disease and quality of self-perceived health--were also associated with health-related behaviors after testing. Subjective interpretations of genetic risk data and personal context appear to be related to health behaviors among DTC customers. Sharing DTC test results with healthcare professionals may add perceived utility to the tests.

  5. IN VITRO STUDIES ON HEME OXYGENASE-1 AND P24 ANTIGEN HIV-1 LEVEL AFTERHYPERBARIC OXYGEN TREATMENTOFHIV-1 INFECTED ON PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS (PBMCS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiarti, Retno; Kuntaman; Nasronudin; Suryokusumo; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah

    2018-01-01

    Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a protein secreted by immune cells as a part of immune response mechanism.HO-1 can be induced by variety agents that causingoxidative stress, such as exposure to 100% oxygenat2,4 ATA pressure.It plays a vital role in maintaining cellular homeostasis.This study was conducted to identify the effect of hyperbaric oxygen exposure in cultured ofPBMCthat infected by HIV-1. Primary culture of PBMCs were isolated from 16 healthy volunteers and HIV-1 infected MT4 cell line by co-culture. The PBMCs were aliquoted into two wells as control group and treatment group. The 16 samples of HIV-1 infected PBMCwere exposed to oxygen at 2,4 ATA in animal hyperbaric chamber forthree times in 30 minutes periods with 5 minutes spacing period, that called 1 session.The Treatment done on 5 sessions within 5 days. 16 samples of HIV-1 infected PMBCs that have no hyperbaric treatment became control group.The supernatant were measured the HO-1 production by ELISA andmRNA expression of HO-1 by real time PCR and the number ofantigen p24 HIV-1by ELISA. The result showed that there was no increasing of HO-1 at both mRNA level and protein level, there was a decreasing number of antigen p24 HIV-1 at the treatment group. In addition, hyperbaric exposure could not increase the expression of HO-1, more over the viral replication might be reduced by other mechanism. Hyperbaric oxygen could increases cellular adaptive response of PBMCs infected HIV-1 through increased expression of proteins that can inhibit HIV viralreplication.

  6. De-anonymizing Genomic Databases Using Phenotypic Traits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humbert Mathias

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available People increasingly have their genomes sequenced and some of them share their genomic data online. They do so for various purposes, including to find relatives and to help advance genomic research. An individual’s genome carries very sensitive, private information such as its owner’s susceptibility to diseases, which could be used for discrimination. Therefore, genomic databases are often anonymized. However, an individual’s genotype is also linked to visible phenotypic traits, such as eye or hair color, which can be used to re-identify users in anonymized public genomic databases, thus raising severe privacy issues. For instance, an adversary can identify a target’s genome using known her phenotypic traits and subsequently infer her susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease. In this paper, we quantify, based on various phenotypic traits, the extent of this threat in several scenarios by implementing de-anonymization attacks on a genomic database of OpenSNP users sequenced by 23andMe. Our experimental results show that the proportion of correct matches reaches 23% with a supervised approach in a database of 50 participants. Our approach outperforms the baseline by a factor of four, in terms of the proportion of correct matches, in most scenarios. We also evaluate the adversary’s ability to predict individuals’ predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease, and we observe that the inference error can be halved compared to the baseline. We also analyze the effect of the number of known phenotypic traits on the success rate of the attack. As progress is made in genomic research, especially for genotype-phenotype associations, the threat presented in this paper will become more serious.

  7. Short communication: role of Mycoplasma arginini in mastitis caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stipkovits, Laszlo; Somogyi, Maria; Asvanyi, Balazs; Toth, Agnes; Szathmary, Susan

    2013-03-01

    We performed a comparative study on the development of mastitis induced by Mycoplasma arginini or Streptococcus dysgalactiae after challenging the cows. Mycoplasma arginini did not cause any clinical symptoms on its own, resulting in only a transient increase of somatic cell count (SCC; increase ranging from 0.5 × 10(6) to 0.8 × 10(6) cells/mL) and a slight decrease of milk production (10%) for 5 d. In contrast, Strep. dysgalactiae induced more severe clinical signs in animals and SCC increased to 1.60 × 10(6) to 2.11 × 10(6) cells/mL for 10 d. In addition, milk production decreased (22.9 to 27.0%) for 10 d. After 3 mo (2 mo after the first challenge), animals that were challenged previously with M. arginini were rechallenged with Strep. dysgalactiae. Severe clinical mastitis developed, with very high SCC (5.00 × 10(6) to 21.5 × 10(6) cells/mL), and a very significant reduction of milk production (28.6 to 68.7%), which lasted more than 4 wk, was observed. The severe clinical mastitis developed not only in cows inoculated with Strep. dysgalactiae andM. arginini in the same udder quarter but also in cows infected in the quarter previously not challenged with mycoplasma. Cows challenged first with Strep. dysgalactiae and rechallenged with M. arginini 2 mo later developed only slight changes in both SCC and milk production, similar to those when the cows were challenged with M. arginini alone. We conclude that M. arginini infection does not cause remarkable mastitis (characterized by decrease in milk production and increase of SCC) but it significantly predisposes animals to infection with Strep. dysgalactiae, leading to severe clinical mastitis. Copyright © 2013 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Personal Genomic Testing for Cancer Risk: Results From the Impact of Personal Genomics Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Stacy W; Gollust, Sarah E; Carere, Deanna Alexis; Chen, Clara A; Cronin, Angel; Kalia, Sarah S; Rana, Huma Q; Ruffin, Mack T; Wang, Catharine; Roberts, J Scott; Green, Robert C

    2017-02-20

    Purpose Significant concerns exist regarding the potential for unwarranted behavior changes and the overuse of health care resources in response to direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (PGT). However, little is known about customers' behaviors after PGT. Methods Longitudinal surveys were given to new customers of 23andMe (Mountain View, CA) and Pathway Genomics (San Diego, CA). Survey data were linked to individual-level PGT results through a secure data transfer process. Results Of the 1,042 customers who completed baseline and 6-month surveys (response rate, 71.2%), 762 had complete cancer-related data and were analyzed. Most customers reported that learning about their genetic risk of cancers was a motivation for testing (colorectal, 88%; prostate, 95%; breast, 94%). No customers tested positive for pathogenic mutations in highly penetrant cancer susceptibility genes. A minority of individuals received elevated single nucleotide polymorphism-based PGT cancer risk estimates (colorectal, 24%; prostate, 24%; breast, 12%). At 6 months, customers who received elevated PGT cancer risk estimates were not significantly more likely to change their diet, exercise, or advanced planning behaviors or engage in cancer screening, compared with individuals at average or reduced risk. Men who received elevated PGT prostate cancer risk estimates changed their vitamin and supplement use more than those at average or reduced risk (22% v 7.6%, respectively; adjusted odds ratio, 3.41; 95% CI, 1.44 to 8.18). Predictors of 6-month behavior include baseline behavior (exercise, vitamin or supplement use, and screening), worse health status (diet and vitamin or supplement use), and older age (advanced planning, screening). Conclusion Most adults receiving elevated direct-to-consumer PGT single nucleotide polymorphism-based cancer risk estimates did not significantly change their diet, exercise, advanced care planning, or cancer screening behaviors.

  9. Indicadores de actividad tecnológica por género en España a través del estudio de patentes europeas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauleón, Elba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Obtaining indicators of technological activity by gender is needed to increase our knowledge about the contribution of women to innovation and technological development. These activities are essential for the economic success of countries but have traditionally revealed a low presence of females. This paper adopts a “macro” approach and presents technology indicators by gender based on the analysis of the patents applied for from the European Patent Office (EPO by Spanish inventors during 1999-2007. From a total of 6,860 patents, at least one female inventor was found in 20% of the patents. Inter-gender differences in patenting are observed by institutional sector, with female involvement being above average in the public research sector; and by technological field, with a higher presence of females in chemistry. The relationship among the sex of the inventor, the institutional sector of the assignee and the technological field of the patent is explored through correspondence analysis. The article points out the relevance of patent-based indicators by gender for identifying gender inequalities in technological activity and supporting policy measures oriented to promote women’s integration in the science and technology system.El interés por los indicadores de actividad tecnológica por género responde a la necesidad de conocer cuál es la contribución de las mujeres a la innovación y al desarrollo tecnológico, actividades que son esenciales para el desarrollo económico de los países y en las que las mujeres han estado tradicionalmente poco representadas. Este trabajo asume una aproximación “macro” y presenta indicadores de actividad tecnológica por género basados en el análisis de las patentes solicitadas por inventores españoles en la Oficina Europea de Patentes (EPO en el periodo 1999-2007. Se identifican un total de 6.860 solicitudes de patente con todos sus inventores españoles, el 20% de las cuales presenta participaci

  10. Is It Necessary Managing Carnivores to Reverse the Decline of Endangered Prey Species? Insights from a Removal Experiment of Mesocarnivores to Benefit Demographic Parameters of the Pyrenean Capercaillie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Moreno-Opo

    Full Text Available Mesopredator control has long been used to alleviate the effect of elevated predation pressure on vulnerable, threatened or valuable species. However, the convenience of using mesopredator controls is technically questionable and scientifically-sound research is therefore required to evaluate the impact of predation on prey case by case. In this study we evaluated the effect of the alteration of terrestrial mesopredator dynamics on the demographic parameters of a relict capercaillie Tetrao urogallus aquitanicus population currently in decline for which the impact of predation has not previously been assessed. We used a six-year mesocarnivore removal experiment (2008-2013 together with seven-years of previous demographic information on capercaillies (1999-2007 within a before-after control-impact (BACI design to evaluate the effect of mesocarnivore removal on capercaillie demographic parameters and on spatial behaviour of the most frequent predatory mesocarnivores of the capercaillie (Martes spp. and red fox Vulpes vulpes. Using a dynamic site-occupancy approach, the reduction of mesocarnivore population levels as a result of removal was clear for marten species, mainly during key months for capercaillie reproduction, but not for the red fox. Our results show that the breeding success of capercaillies was enhanced in areas where carnivores were removed and was inversely related to the occupation level of the studied mesocarnivores, although being only significant for Martes spp. Moreover, capercaillie predation rates were lower and adult survival seemingly higher in treatment during the removal phase. Cost-effective, long-term management interventions to ensure the recovery of this threatened capercaillie population are discussed in the light of the results. At our study area, the decision for implementing predation management should be included within a broader long-term conservation perspective. In this regard, a more feasible and sustainable

  11. Marital status, labour force activity and mortality: a study in the USA and six European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hedel, Karen; Van Lenthe, Frank J; Avendano, Mauricio; Bopp, Matthias; Esnaola, Santiago; Kovács, Katalin; Martikainen, Pekka; Regidor, Enrique; Mackenbach, Johan P

    2015-07-01

    Labour force activity and marriage share some pathways through which they potentially influence health. In this paper, we examine whether marriage and labour force participation interact in the way they influence mortality in the USA and six European countries. We used data from the US National Health Interview Survey linked to the National Death Index, and national mortality registry data for Austria, England/Wales, Finland, Hungary, Norway and Spain (specifically, the Basque country) during 1999-2007, for men and women aged 30-59 years at baseline. We used Poisson regression to estimate both the additive (relative excess risk due to interaction) and multiplicative interactions between marriage and labour force activity on mortality. Labour force inactivity was associated with higher mortality, but this association was stronger for unmarried, rather than married, individuals. Likewise, being unmarried was associated with higher mortality, but this association was stronger for inactive than for active individuals. To illustrate, among US women out of the labour force, being unmarried was associated with a 3.98 times (95%CI 3.28-4.82) higher risk of dying than being married; whereas the relative risk (RR) was 2.49 (95%CI 2.10-2.94), for women who were active in the labour market. Although this interaction between marriage and labour force activity was only significant for women on a multiplicative scale, there was a significant additive interaction for both men and women. The pattern was similar across all countries. Marriage attenuated the increased mortality risk associated with labour force inactivity; while labour force activity attenuated the mortality risk associated with being unmarried. Our study emphasizes the importance of public health and social policies that improve the health and well-being of unmarried and inactive men and women. © 2015 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  12. Marital status, labour force activity and mortality: A study of the United States and 6 European countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hedel, Karen; van Lenthe, Frank J; Avendano, Mauricio; Bopp, Matthias; Esnaola, Santiago; Kovács, Katalin; Martikainen, Pekka; Regidor, Enrique; Mackenbach, Johan P

    2015-01-01

    Aims Labour force activity and marriage share some of the pathways through which they potentially influence health. In this paper, we examine whether marriage and labour force participation interact in the way they influence mortality in the United States and six European countries. Methods We used data from the US National Health Interview Survey linked to the National Death Index, and national mortality registry data for Austria, England/Wales, Finland, Hungary, Norway and Spain (Basque country) during 1999-2007 for men and women aged 30-59 at baseline. Poisson regression was used to estimate both additive (the relative excess risk due to interaction) and multiplicative interactions between marriage and labour force activity on mortality. Results Labour force inactivity was associated with higher mortality, but this association was stronger for unmarried than married individuals. Likewise, being unmarried was associated with higher mortality, but this association was stronger for inactive than for active individuals. To illustrate, among US women out of the labour force, being unmarried was associated with a 3.98 (95%CI:3.28-4.82) times higher risk of dying than being married, whereas the relative risk was 2.49 (95%CI:2.10-2.94) for women active in the labour market. Although this interaction between marriage and labour force activity was only significant for women on a multiplicative scale, there was a significant additive interaction for both men and women. The pattern was similar across all countries. Conclusions Marriage attenuates the increased mortality risk associated with labour force inactivity, while labour force activity attenuates the mortality risk associated with being unmarried. Our study emphasizes the importance of public health and social policies that improve the health and well-being of men and women who are both unmarried and inactive. PMID:25868643

  13. Role of active and passive smoking in high-risk human papillomavirus infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Rui Mei; Hu, Shang Ying; Zhao, Fang Hui; Zhang, Rong; Zhang, Xun; Wallach, Asya Izraelit; Qiao, You Lin

    2017-09-01

    We performed a pooled analysis to examine cigarette smoking and household passive smoke exposure in relation to the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ (CIN2+). Data were pooled from 12 cross-sectional studies for cervical cancer screenings from 10 provinces of China in 1999-2007. A total of 16,422 women were analyzed, along with 2,392 high-risk-HPV (hr-HPV) positive women and 381 CIN2+ cases. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression models controlling for sexual and non-sexual confounding factors. There was an excess risk between active smoking and hr-HPV infection and CIN2+. Adjusted OR for ever smokers vs. never smokers was 1.45 (95% CI=1.10-1.91), for hr-HPV infection and 1.89 (95% CI=1.03-3.44), for CIN2+. Passive smoking had a slightly increased risk on the hr-HPV infection with adjusted OR 1.11 (1.00-1.24), but no statistical association was observed between passive smoke exposure and CIN2+. Compared with the neither active nor passive smokers, both active and passive smokers had a 1.57-fold (95% CI=1.14-2.15) increased risk of HPV infection and a 1.99-fold (95% CI=1.02-3.88) risk of CIN2+. Our large multi-center cross-sectional study found active smoking could increase the risk of overall hr-HPV infection and CIN2+ adjusted by passive smoking and other factors. Passive smoking mildly increased the risk of HPV infection but not the CIN2+. An interaction existed between passive tobacco exposure and active smoking for hr-HPV infection and the CIN2+. Copyright © 2017. Asian Society of Gynecologic Oncology, Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology

  14. Transdisciplinaridade e educação intercultural: a formação do professor indígena Apinayé em perspectiva

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    Severina Alves de Almeida

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, refletimos sobre Transdisciplinaridade e Educação Intercultural, considerando o contexto Apinayé. Os Apinayé são um povo Indígena do norte do Estado do Tocantins. Os aspectos metodológicos estão voltados para uma concepção interdisciplinar, contemplando Estudos Teóricos e Pesquisa de Campo. Para o desenvolvimento do texto, temos duas fases que se complementam. Primeiro fazemos uma revisão da literatura atinente à temática abordada. Para os conceitos de Inter e Transdisciplinaridade, utilizamos as bases teóricas de D´Ambrósio (1997; Fazenda (2003; 2006; Nicolescu (2008; 2009; Damas (2009; Magalhães (2009; e Sommerman (2005. Para Educação Intercultural Ouellet (2002; Banks (1993; Maher (2005; 2006; e Grupioni (2001; 2003. Sobre os Apinayé Nimuendaju (1983; Da Matta (1976; e Albuquerque (1999; 2007; 2009. Acerca da pesquisa do tipo interdisciplinar: Vasconcelos (2009. Sobre Formação de Professores, Tardif (2002 e Pinho (2007. A pesquisa de campo se efetivou mediante uma etnografia com observação participante conforme Erikson (1984; e André (2000. Os dados, coletados, de forma qualitativa, foram gerados mediante diário e notas de campo. Os resultados apontam para uma realidade onde a Transdisciplinaridade se manifesta na prática pedagógica do Professor de Língua Materna Apinayé.

  15. Oligomers Based on a Weak Hydrogen Bond Network: the Rotational Spectrum of the Tetramer of Difluoromethane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Gang; Evangelisti, Luca; Caminati, Walther; Cacelli, Ivo; Carbonaro, Laura; Prampolini, Giacomo

    2013-06-01

    Following the investigation of the rotational spectra of three conformers (so-called ``book'', ``prism'' and ``cage'') of the water hexamer, and of some other water oligomers, we report here the rotational spectrum of the tetramer of a freon molecule. The pulse jet Fourier transform microwave (pj-FTMW) spectrum of an isomer of the difluoromethane tetramer has been assigned. This molecular system is made of units of a relatively heavy asymmetric rotor, held together by a network of weak hydrogen bonds. The search of the rotational spectrum has been based on a high-level reference method, the CCSD(T)/CBS protocol. It is interesting to outline that the rotational spectrum of the water tetramer was not observed, probably because the minimum energy structures of this oligomer is effectively nonpolar in its ground states, or because of high energy tunnelling splittings. The rotational spectra of the monomer, dimer, trimer and tetramer of difluoromethane have been assigned in 1952, 1999, 2007, and 2013 (present work), with a decreasing time spacing between the various steps, looking then promising for a continuous and rapid extension of the size limits of molecular systems accessible to MW spectroscopy. C. Pérez, M. T. Muckle, D. P. Zaleski, N. A. Seifert, B. Temelso, G. C. Shields, Z. Kisiel, B. H. Pate, Science {336} (2012) 897. D. R. Lide, Jr., J. Am. Chem. Soc. {74} (1952) 3548. W. Caminati, S. Melandri, P. Moreschini, P. G. Favero, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. {38} (1999) 2924. S. Blanco, S. Melandri, P. Ottaviani, W. Caminati, J. Am. Chem. Soc. {129} (2007) 2700.

  16. Genome-Wide Analysis of DNA Methylation and Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution in Three Study Populations: KORA F3, KORA F4, and the Normative Aging Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panni, Tommaso; Mehta, Amar J; Schwartz, Joel D; Baccarelli, Andrea A; Just, Allan C; Wolf, Kathrin; Wahl, Simone; Cyrys, Josef; Kunze, Sonja; Strauch, Konstantin; Waldenberger, Melanie; Peters, Annette

    2016-07-01

    Epidemiological studies have reported associations between particulate matter (PM) concentrations and cancer and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. DNA methylation has been identified as a possible link but so far it has only been analyzed in candidate sites. We studied the association between DNA methylation and short- and mid-term air pollution exposure using genome-wide data and identified potential biological pathways for additional investigation. We collected whole blood samples from three independent studies-KORA F3 (2004-2005) and F4 (2006-2008) in Germany, and the Normative Aging Study (1999-2007) in the United States-and measured genome-wide DNA methylation proportions with the Illumina 450k BeadChip. PM concentration was measured daily at fixed monitoring stations and three different trailing averages were considered and regressed against DNA methylation: 2-day, 7-day and 28-day. Meta-analysis was performed to pool the study-specific results. Random-effect meta-analysis revealed 12 CpG (cytosine-guanine dinucleotide) sites as associated with PM concentration (1 for 2-day average, 1 for 7-day, and 10 for 28-day) at a genome-wide Bonferroni significance level (p ≤ 7.5E-8); 9 out of these 12 sites expressed increased methylation. Through estimation of I2 for homogeneity assessment across the studies, 4 of these sites (annotated in NSMAF, C1orf212, MSGN1, NXN) showed p > 0.05 and I2 F4, and the Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 124:983-990; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1509966.

  17. Patient involvement in the decision-making process improves satisfaction and quality of life in postmastectomy breast reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashraf, Azra A; Colakoglu, Salih; Nguyen, John T; Anastasopulos, Alexandra J; Ibrahim, Ahmed M S; Yueh, Janet H; Lin, Samuel J; Tobias, Adam M; Lee, Bernard T

    2013-09-01

    The patient-physician relationship has evolved from the paternalistic, physician-dominant model to the shared-decision-making and informed-consumerist model. The level of patient involvement in this decision-making process can potentially influence patient satisfaction and quality of life. In this study, patient-physician decision models are evaluated in patients undergoing postmastectomy breast reconstruction. All women who underwent breast reconstruction at an academic hospital from 1999-2007 were identified. Patients meeting inclusion criteria were mailed questionnaires at a minimum of 1 y postoperatively with questions about decision making, satisfaction, and quality of life. There were 707 women eligible for our study and 465 completed surveys (68% response rate). Patients were divided into one of three groups: paternalistic (n = 18), informed-consumerist (n = 307), shared (n = 140). There were differences in overall general satisfaction (P = 0.034), specifically comparing the informed group to the paternalistic group (66.7% versus 38.9%, P = 0.020) and the shared to the paternalistic group (69.3% versus 38.9%, P = 0.016). There were no differences in aesthetic satisfaction. There were differences found in the SF-12 physical component summary score across all groups (P = 0.033), and a difference was found between the informed and paternalistic groups (P mental component score (P = 0.42). Women undergoing breast reconstruction predominantly used the informed model of decision making. Patients who adopted a more active role, whether using an informed or shared approach, had higher general patient satisfaction and physical component summary scores compared with patients whose decision making was paternalistic. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Phylogeny of Dengue and Chikungunya viruses in Al Hudayda governorate, Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciccozzi, Massimo; Lo Presti, Alessandra; Cella, Eleonora; Giovanetti, Marta; Lai, Alessia; El-Sawaf, Gamal; Faggioni, Giovanni; Vescio, Fenicia; Al Ameri, Ranya; De Santis, Riccardo; Helaly, Ghada; Pomponi, Alice; Metwally, Dalia; Fantini, Massimo; Qadi, Hussein; Zehender, Gianguglielmo; Lista, Florigio; Rezza, Giovanni

    2014-10-01

    Yemen, which is located in the southwestern end of the Arabian Peninsula, is one of countries most affected by recurrent epidemics caused by emerging vector-borne viruses. Dengue virus (DENV) outbreaks have been reported with increasing frequency in several governorates since the year 2000, and the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been also responsible of large outbreaks and it is now a major public health problem in Yemen. We report the results of the phylogenetic analysis of DENV-2 and CHIKV isolates (NS1 and E1 genes, respectively) detected in an outbreak occurred in Al-Hudayda in 2012. Estimates of the introduction date of CHIKV and DENV-2, and the phylogeographic analysis of DENV-2 are also presented. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the Yemen isolates of DENV belonged to the lineage 2 Cosmopolitan subtype, whereas CHIKV isolates from Yemen belonged to the ECSA genotype. All the CHIKV isolates from Yemen were statistically supported and dated back to the year 2010 (95% HPD: 2009-2011); these sequences showed an alanine in the aminoacid position 226 of the E1 protein. Phylogeographic analysis of DENV-2 virus showed that cluster 1, which included Yemen isolates, dated back to 2003 Burkina Faso strains (95% HPD 1999-2007). The Yemen, cluster dated back to 2011 (95% HPD 2009-2012). Our study sheds light on the global spatiotemporal dynamics of DENV-2 and CHIKV in Yemen. This study reinforces both the need to monitor the spread of CHIKV and DENV, and to apply significant measures for vector control. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Accidents in the greenhouse-construction industry of SE Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Alonso, José; Carreño-Ortega, Angel; Vázquez-Cabrera, Fernando J; Callejón-Ferre, Angel Jesús

    2012-01-01

    This work analyses the labour accidents in the greenhouse-construction industry of SE Spain for the period 1999-2007 through a sample of 180 accident reports. The accidents were characterised by studying 5 variables in order to know the day of the week in which the accident occurred, the hour of the day of the accident, type of accident, the region of Spain in which the accident happened, and the resulting injury. The data characterising the accidents were submitted to a descriptive multiple-correspondence analysis. The incidence of accidents in the greenhouse-construction industry presented a high mean value of 15133.7 per 100,000 workers per year. The days with the greatest incidence of accidents were Thursday and Monday, while the period of greatest number of accidents occurred in the first 4h of the workday. No significant correspondence was found between the day of the week, the hour of the day, or any of the other 3 variables studied. The types of accidents with most frequency were: cuts, punctures, contact with hard or rough material, overexertion, and falls from one level to another. The most affected parts of the anatomy were the eyes, thorax, back, sides, lower legs, and feet. The most common types of injury were bone fractures, twists and sprains, distended muscles, contusions, and being crushed. The study calls attention to the high number of accidents at work, which needs to be corrected by fulfilment of safety regulations at work, on the part of the company. Finally, recommendations are made to correct this situation of high number of accidents at work. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  20. Demonstration of Aerosol Property Profiling by Multiwavelength Lidar Under Varying Relative Humidity Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veselovskii, I.; Whiteman, D. N.; Kolgotin, A.; Andrews, E.; Korenskii, M.

    2009-01-01

    During the months of July-August 2007 NASA conducted a research campaign called the Tropical Composition, Clouds and Climate Coupling (TC4) experiment. Vertical profiles of ozone were measured daily using an instrument known as an ozonesonde, which is attached to a weather balloon and launch to altitudes in excess of 30 km. These ozone profiles were measured over coastal Las Tablas, Panama (7.8N, 80W) and several times per week at Alajuela, Costa Rica (ION, 84W). Meteorological systems in the form of waves, detected most prominently in 100-300 in thick ozone layer in the tropical tropopause layer, occurred in 50% (Las Tablas) and 40% (Alajuela) of the soundings. These layers, associated with vertical displacements and classified as gravity waves ("GW," possibly Kelvin waves), occur with similar stricture and frequency over the Paramaribo (5.8N, 55W) and San Cristobal (0.925, 90W) sites of the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network. The gravity wave labeled layers in individual soundings correspond to cloud outflow as indicated by the tracers measured from the NASA DC-8 and other aircraft data, confirming convective initiation of equatorial waves. Layers representing quasi-horizontal displacements, referred to as Rossby waves, are robust features in soundings from 23 July to 5 August. The features associated with Rossby waves correspond to extra-tropical influence, possibly stratospheric, and sometimes to pollution transport. Comparison of Las Tablas and Alajuela ozone budgets with 1999-2007 Paramaribo and San Cristobal soundings shows that TC4 is typical of climatology for the equatorial Americas. Overall during TC4, convection and associated meteorological waves appear to dominate ozone transport in the tropical tropopause layer.

  1. Impact of cigarette taxation policy on excise revenues and cigarette consumption in Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin S. Krasovsky

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In 2012, Uzbekistan ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which states that price and tax measures are an effective means of reducing tobacco consumption. We aimed to explore the effect of taxation policies on revenues and cigarette consumption. METHODS: Data on tax rates, revenues, cigarette sales were taken from national reports. To forecast potential revenues, a scenario analysis was performed. RESULTS: In 1991-2004, ad valorem excise system was in place in Uzbekistan, which was later replaced by the specific excise system. In 1997-2011, the nominal average excise has increased by a factor of twenty, but in real terms, after a sharp increase in 1999, average excise declined annually and increased only in 2010-2011. Annual cigarette sales per capita of adult population in 1999-2007 constituted 17-25 cigarette packs, while in 2008-2011 it increased to 30-37 packs. Four scenarios of excise tax increases in 2012 were developed: one actual scenario based on the rates effective in Uzbekistan in 2012, and three hypothetical ones anticipating excise rates increase by 1.5, 2 and 3-fold. With actual excise increase in 2012, the inflation-adjusted budget revenues would grow by 5%, and with three hypothetical - by 17%, 35% and 66% respectively, despite the decline of tax-paid cigarette sales. CONCLUSION: Stabilization or reduction in cigarette excises in Uzbekistan in 2002-2008 led to a decline in real excise revenues and the growth of cigarette sales. In 1999 and 2010-2011, excises were significantly increased and the real revenues have risen, despite the decline in cigarette sales. As cigarette prices are low, the illegal outflow of cigarettes from Uzbekistan apparently exceeds the illegal inflow. A significant increase in cigarette excise (1.5-3 fold can both increase budget revenues and reduce cigarette consumption, with greater increase yielding more benefits.

  2. The Conference in the Moscow Kremlin State Museums “Historical Weapons in Museums and Private Collections”

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    Sergey P. Orlenko

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In November 2016 in the Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site in the framework of events dedicated to the 210th anniversary of the Armoury Chamber museum, an international conference “Historical weapons in museums and private collections”. This scientific forum continued the tradition of conferences held in the Moscow Kremlin Museums in 1999-2007. The participants of this forum discussed a number of priority topics for the studies of the weapon collection history in the Kremlin. These topics were relevant to the national and world studies of weaponology as a whole. In addition to general issues of the history of arms and armour, a number of reports were devoted to the functioning of the historical centers of arms production, weapons collections in Russia and abroad, particular items, as well as the activities of gunsmiths, designers of weapons. The conference was attended by representatives of more than 20 Russian and foreign museums, 14 academic and university research centers and institutions, private collectors and lovers of ancient weapons. During the three days of the conference 36 reports were presented and discussed. Organizers of the conference highlighted a number of reports including new attributions of the items from the Kremlin collections. The conference program is available on the official website of the Moscow Kremlin State Museums. The conference results were published as a collection of proceedings. The weaponology forum in the Kremlin will be held annually. The Moscow Kremlin Museums invite researchers of historical weapons, museum employees and collectors to the active cooperation.

  3. Homicides with direct and indirect links to the night-time economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomsen, Stephen

    2018-06-11

    Alcohol use and homicide are a wide community concern with particular interest in understanding and preventing attacks (e.g. 'one punch' male on male attacks) in commercial nightlife settings with high levels of collective drinking. There is insufficient knowledge of the long-term patterns in this violence or the relationship between public drinking and flow on violence in other social settings. Alcohol-related homicides were those in which alcohol consumption was a contributing factor. Those also linked to purchase or consumption in locations where alcohol is sold after dark were classified as night-time economy related. The study comprised a first-hand analysis of files in the archive of the Australian National Homicide Monitoring Program in 2 years with a decade gap (1998/1999-2007/2008), and it classified 73 of all 238 alcohol-related incidents by direct or indirect relation to public nightlife settings. Related homicides in these years were not highly concentrated in developed night-time economies, but more spread outside major nightlife zones. Indirectly related killings were even more dispersed and included more women victims killed in domestic settings. There is a consistent though dispersed relationship between heavy public drinking at night and homicide. Concerns about homicide and night-time drinking leisure with mostly male victims attacked in well-known areas of busy city nightlife, must also consider the broader gendered patterns of 'flow on' nightlife-related incidents, including fatal semi-private and domestic violence that is indirectly but importantly related to drinking and alcohol purchase in public commercial nightlife. © 2018 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs.

  4. Pregnancy, maternal tobacco smoking and early age leukemia in Brazil

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    Sergio eKoifman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cigarette smoking has been associated with acute myeloid leukemia but hypothesis on the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood leukemia is unclear. Objectives: To investigate the association between maternal exposure to tobacco smoking during pregnancy and early age (< 2 yr. leukemia (EAL. Methods: A hospital-based multicenter case-control study aiming to explore EAL risk factors was carried out in Brazil during 1999-2007. Data were collected by direct interview with the biological mothers using a standardized questionnaire. The present study included 675 children, being 193 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, 59 acute myeloid leukemia (AML, and 423 controls, being the latter age frequency matched and paired by area of residence with the cases. Unconditional logistic regression was performed, and odds ratios (OR on the association between tobacco smoking (3 months before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and 3 months after delivery and EAL were ascertained after adjustment for selected variables (maternal age at birth and education, birth weight, infant skin color, and oral contraceptives use during pregnancy.Results: Smoking was reported by 17.5% of case mothers and 20.6% of controls´. Among women who reported to have smoked 20 or more cigarettes during the index pregnancy, an adjusted OR = 5.28 (95% C.I. 1.40-19.95 for ALL was observed. Heavy smoking during breastfeeding yielded an adjusted risk estimate for ALL, OR = 7.78 (95% C.I. 1.33-45.5. No dose-response effect was observed according to smoking exposure during pregnancy and EAL. An association between secondhand smoking during pregnancy or breastfeeding was not observed. Conclusion: An association between maternal smoking and AAL in the offspring was restricted to women who have reported an intense exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

  5. The effect of increasing exports on industrial energy intensity in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng Yingmei; Qi Jianhong; Chen Xiaoliang

    2011-01-01

    Given China's heavy reliance on fuel energy and the dominance of its industrial sector in the economy, improving energy efficiency remains one of the practical means for the country to decrease energy intensity and to fulfill its commitment made at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference to achieve a 40-45 percent reduction in CO 2 emission intensity by 2020. This study investigates the impact of exports on industrial energy intensity to explore the possibility of reducing energy intensity through greater exports. A panel varying-coefficient regression model with a dataset of China's 20 industrial sub-sectors over 1999-2007 suggests that in general, greater exports aggravate energy intensity of the industrial sector and that great divergences exist in the impact of exports on energy intensity across sub-sectors. A panel threshold model further estimates the thresholds for the major determinants of energy intensity: exports, input in technological innovations, and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) intensity. Given the great differences in specific sub-sector characteristics and the changing roles played by different factors across sub-sectors, there is no general export policy that would work for all sub-sectors in reducing sub-sector energy intensity. Instead, policies and measures aiming to encourage more efficient use of energy should take into full consideration the characteristics and situations of individual sub-sectors. - Research highlights: → We examine the impact of exports on industrial energy intensity in China. → Greater exports increase industrial energy intensity as a whole. → Divergences exist in the impact of exports on energy intensity across sub-sectors. → China should discard policies encouraging exports at the cost of energy efficiency. → Export policy to reduce energy intensity should cater to sub-sector characteristics.

  6. The nine-year sustained cost-containment impact of swiss pilot physicians-pharmacists quality circles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niquille, Anne; Ruggli, Martine; Buchmann, Michel; Jordan, Dominique; Bugnon, Olivier

    2010-04-01

    Six pioneer physicians-pharmacists quality circles (PPQCs) located in the Swiss canton of Fribourg (administratively corresponding to a state in the US) were under the responsibility of 6 trained community pharmacists moderating the prescribing process of 24 general practitioners (GPs). PPQCs are based on a multifaceted collaborative process mediated by community pharmacists for improving compliance with clinical guidelines within GPs' prescribing practices. To assess, over a 9-year period (1999-2007), the cost-containment impact of the PPQCs. The key elements of PPQCs are a structured continuous quality improvement and education process; local networking; feedback of comparative and detailed data regarding costs, drug choice, and frequency of prescribed drugs; and structured independent literature review for interdisciplinary continuing education. The data are issued from the community pharmacy invoices to the health insurance companies. The study analyzed the cost-containment impact of the PPQCs in comparison with GPs working in similar conditions of care without particular collaboration with pharmacists, the percentage of generic prescriptions for specific cardiovascular drug classes, and the percentage of drug costs or units prescribed for specific cardiovascular drugs. For the 9-year period, there was a 42% decrease in the drug costs in the PPQC group as compared to the control group, representing a $225,000 (USD) savings per GP only in 2007. These results are explained by better compliance with clinical and pharmacovigilance guidelines, larger distribution of generic drugs, a more balanced attitude toward marketing strategies, and interdisciplinary continuing education on the rational use of drugs. The PPQC work process has yielded sustainable results, such as significant cost savings, higher penetration of generics and reflection on patient safety, and the place of "new" drugs in therapy. The PPQCs may also constitute a solid basis for implementing more

  7. Foodborne botulism in southwest Romania during the post-communism period 1990-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neghina, Adriana Maria; Marincu, Iosif; Moldovan, Roxana; Iacobiciu, Ioan; Neghina, Raul

    2010-02-01

    This study was a retrospective investigation of botulism cases over a period of 18 years following major political and economic changes, addressing the question of whether this disease is still an important health concern in southwest Romania. The medical records of botulism cases were used as the source of data. Patients from five southwest Romanian counties were hospitalized at Victor Babes Hospital of Infectious Diseases in Timisoara during the period 1990-2007. The median annual incidence of botulism cases in southwest Romania decreased from 0.1 per 100 000 persons during 1990-1998, to 0.05 per 100 000 persons during 1999-2007. Most of the cases (18.6%) were diagnosed in 1990, immediately following the communism period. The median age of the patients was 38 years (range 16-73 years); 24 (55.8%) were male; the case fatality rate was 2.3%. A significantly higher incidence rate of 2.7 cases per 100 000 persons occurred in rural areas, even though most of the cases (53.5%) were inhabitants of urban areas. The clinical pattern included: difficulty swallowing (79.1%), double and/or blurred vision (69.8%), dry mouth (60.5%), drooping eyelids (51.2%), vomiting (39.5%), mydriasis (37.2%), constipation (27.9%), abdominal pain (23.3%), and slurred speech (18.6%). All cases were attributed to contaminated food sources, mainly home-prepared traditional pork products. Although the botulism cases decreased over the study period in southwest Romania, this life-threatening disease continues to be an important concern. A strategy addressing individual behaviors in the home is needed to improve food safety. Copyright 2009 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The effect of increasing exports on industrial energy intensity in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng Yingmei [School of Economics, Shandong University, 27 Shanda South Road, Jinan, Shandong Province 250100 (China); Qi Jianhong, E-mail: sducatherine@gmail.co [School of Economics, Shandong University, 27 Shanda South Road, Jinan, Shandong Province 250100 (China); Chen Xiaoliang [School of Economics, Shandong University, 27 Shanda South Road, Jinan, Shandong Province 250100 (China)

    2011-05-15

    Given China's heavy reliance on fuel energy and the dominance of its industrial sector in the economy, improving energy efficiency remains one of the practical means for the country to decrease energy intensity and to fulfill its commitment made at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference to achieve a 40-45 percent reduction in CO{sub 2} emission intensity by 2020. This study investigates the impact of exports on industrial energy intensity to explore the possibility of reducing energy intensity through greater exports. A panel varying-coefficient regression model with a dataset of China's 20 industrial sub-sectors over 1999-2007 suggests that in general, greater exports aggravate energy intensity of the industrial sector and that great divergences exist in the impact of exports on energy intensity across sub-sectors. A panel threshold model further estimates the thresholds for the major determinants of energy intensity: exports, input in technological innovations, and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) intensity. Given the great differences in specific sub-sector characteristics and the changing roles played by different factors across sub-sectors, there is no general export policy that would work for all sub-sectors in reducing sub-sector energy intensity. Instead, policies and measures aiming to encourage more efficient use of energy should take into full consideration the characteristics and situations of individual sub-sectors. - Research highlights: {yields} We examine the impact of exports on industrial energy intensity in China. {yields} Greater exports increase industrial energy intensity as a whole. {yields} Divergences exist in the impact of exports on energy intensity across sub-sectors. {yields} China should discard policies encouraging exports at the cost of energy efficiency. {yields} Export policy to reduce energy intensity should cater to sub-sector characteristics.

  9. Letramento digital e a formação do professor de língua na contemporaneidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Fabiana Bedran

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Na tentativa de contemplar e repensar a formação do professor sob um viés mais contemporâneo, objetivamos promover uma discussão, a partir da reflexão e articulação de conceitos e perspectivas sobre Letramento Digital (STREET, 1995; BUZATO, 2006; ROJO, 2013 e a Formação Sociocultural do Professor (VIGOTSKI, 1998; 2010; JOHNSON, 2009; FRIEDRICH, 2012, no que se refere ao uso da tecnologia da informação e da comunicação (LÉVY, 1998; 1999; 2007 como responsável por (novas práticas de letramento no âmbito educacional. De forma a instigar uma reflexão sobre a experiência prática à luz da literatura da área, tecemos considerações mais pontuais sobre uma pesquisa qualitativa de cunho etnográfico, realizada em um contexto de formação inicial do profissional de Letras, em que se fez uso da tecnologia com vistas a promover uma formação social, crítica e reflexiva do professor. Os dados evidenciaram que o sucesso da atividade não está relacionado diretamente ao uso de uma ferramenta tecnológica apropriada, mas ao engajamento dos participantes na tarefa solicitada, o que implica necessariamente uma nova forma de pensar e agir, (transformada e delineada por recursos metodológicos, tecnológicos e contextuais.

  10. Cumulative live birth rates after one or more complete cycles of IVF: a population-based study of linked cycle data from 178,898 women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLernon, David J; Maheshwari, Abha; Lee, Amanda J; Bhattacharya, Siladitya

    2016-03-01

    What is the chance of a live birth following one or more linked complete cycles of IVF (including ICSI)? The chance of a live birth after three complete cycles of IVF was 42.3% for treatment commencing from 1999 to 2007. IVF success has generally been reported on the basis of live birth rates after a single episode of treatment resulting in the transfer of a fresh embryo. This fails to capture the real chance of having a baby after a number of complete cycles-each involving the replacement of fresh as well as frozen-thawed embryos. Population-based observational cohort study of 178 898 women between 1992 and 2007. Participants included all women who commenced IVF treatment at a licenced clinic in the UK as recorded in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) national database. Exclusion criteria included women whose treatment involved donor insemination, egg donation, surrogacy and the transfer of more than three embryos. Cumulative rates of live birth, term (>37 weeks) singleton live birth, and multiple pregnancy were estimated for two time-periods, 1992-1998 and 1999-2007. Conservative estimates assumed that women who did not return for IVF would not have the outcome of interest while optimal estimates assumed that these women would have similar outcome rates to those who continued IVF. A total of 71 551 women commenced IVF treatment during 1992-1998 and an additional 107 347 during 1999-2007. After the third complete IVF cycle (defined as three fresh IVF treatments-including replacement of any surplus frozen-thawed embryos), the conservative CLBR in women who commenced IVF during 1992-1998 was 30.8% increasing to 42.3% during 1999-2007. The optimal CLBRs were 44.6 and 57.1%, respectively. After eight complete cycles the optimal CLBR was 82.4% in the latter time period. The conservative rate for multiple pregnancy per pregnant woman fell from 31.9% during the earlier time period to 26.2% during the latter. Linkage of all IVF treatments to

  11. Diet and exercise changes following direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Daiva Elena; Carere, Deanna Alexis; Wang, Catharine; Roberts, J Scott; Green, Robert C

    2017-05-02

    The impacts of direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (PGT) on health behaviors such as diet and exercise are poorly understood. Our investigation aimed to evaluate diet and exercise changes following PGT and to determine if changes were associated with genetic test results obtained from PGT. Customers of 23andMe and Pathway Genomics completed a web-based survey prior to receiving PGT results (baseline) and 6 months post-results. Fruit and vegetable intake (servings/day), and light, vigorous and strength exercise frequency (days/week) were assessed. Changes in diet and exercise were examined using paired t-tests and linear regressions. Additional analyses examined whether outcomes differed by baseline self-reported health (SRH) or content of PGT results. Longitudinal data were available for 1,002 participants. Significant increases were observed for vegetable intake (mean Δ = 0.11 (95% CI = 0.05, 0.17), p = 0.0003) and strength exercise (Δ = 0.14 (0.03, 0.25), p = 0.0153). When stratified by SRH, significant increases were observed for all outcomes among lower SRH participants: fruit intake, Δ = 0.11 (0.02, 0.21), p = 0.0148; vegetable intake, Δ = 0.16 (0.07, 0.25), p = 0.0005; light exercise, Δ = 0.25 (0.03, 0.47), p = 0.0263; vigorous exercise, Δ = 0.23 (0.06, 0.41), p = 0.0097; strength exercise, Δ = 0.19 (0.01, 0.37), p = 0.0369. A significant change among higher SRH participants was only observed for light exercise, and in the opposite direction: Δ = -0.2468 (-0.06, -0.44), p = 0.0111. Genetic results were not consistently associated with any diet or exercise changes. The experience of PGT was associated with modest, mostly positive changes in diet and exercise. Associations were independent of genetic results from PGT.

  12. Novel Myopia Genes and Pathways Identified From Syndromic Forms of Myopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loughman, James; Wildsoet, Christine F.; Williams, Cathy; Guggenheim, Jeremy A.

    2018-01-01

    Purpose To test the hypothesis that genes known to cause clinical syndromes featuring myopia also harbor polymorphisms contributing to nonsyndromic refractive errors. Methods Clinical phenotypes and syndromes that have refractive errors as a recognized feature were identified using the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. One hundred fifty-four unique causative genes were identified, of which 119 were specifically linked with myopia and 114 represented syndromic myopia (i.e., myopia and at least one other clinical feature). Myopia was the only refractive error listed for 98 genes and hyperopia and the only refractive error noted for 28 genes, with the remaining 28 genes linked to phenotypes with multiple forms of refractive error. Pathway analysis was carried out to find biological processes overrepresented within these sets of genes. Genetic variants located within 50 kb of the 119 myopia-related genes were evaluated for involvement in refractive error by analysis of summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) conducted by the CREAM Consortium and 23andMe, using both single-marker and gene-based tests. Results Pathway analysis identified several biological processes already implicated in refractive error development through prior GWAS analyses and animal studies, including extracellular matrix remodeling, focal adhesion, and axon guidance, supporting the research hypothesis. Novel pathways also implicated in myopia development included mannosylation, glycosylation, lens development, gliogenesis, and Schwann cell differentiation. Hyperopia was found to be linked to a different pattern of biological processes, mostly related to organogenesis. Comparison with GWAS findings further confirmed that syndromic myopia genes were enriched for genetic variants that influence refractive errors in the general population. Gene-based analyses implicated 21 novel candidate myopia genes (ADAMTS18, ADAMTS2, ADAMTSL4, AGK, ALDH18A1, ASXL1, COL4A1

  13. Genome-wide analyses of self-reported empathy: correlations with autism, schizophrenia, and anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrier, Varun; Toro, Roberto; Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Børglum, Anders D; Grove, Jakob; Hinds, David A; Bourgeron, Thomas; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2018-03-12

    Empathy is the ability to recognize and respond to the emotional states of other individuals. It is an important psychological process that facilitates navigating social interactions and maintaining relationships, which are important for well-being. Several psychological studies have identified difficulties in both self-report and performance-based measures of empathy in a range of psychiatric conditions. To date, no study has systematically investigated the genetic architecture of empathy using genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Here we report the results of the largest GWAS of empathy to date using a well-validated self-report measure of empathy, the Empathy Quotient (EQ), in 46,861 research participants from 23andMe, Inc. We identify 11 suggestive loci (P < 1 × 10 -6 ), though none were significant at P < 2.5 × 10 -8 after correcting for multiple testing. The most significant SNP was identified in the non-stratified analysis (rs4882760; P = 4.29 × 10 -8 ), and is an intronic SNP in TMEM132C. The EQ had a modest but significant narrow-sense heritability (0.11 ± 0.014; P = 1.7 × 10 -14 ). As predicted, based on earlier work, we confirmed a significant female advantage on the EQ (P < 2 × 10 -16 , Cohen's d = 0.65). We identified similar SNP heritability and high genetic correlation between the sexes. Also, as predicted, we identified a significant negative genetic correlation between autism and the EQ (r g = -0.27 ± 0.07, P = 1.63 × 10 -4 ). We also identified a significant positive genetic correlation between the EQ and risk for schizophrenia (r g = 0.19 ± 0.04; P = 1.36 × 10 -5 ), risk for anorexia nervosa (r g = 0.32 ± 0.09; P = 6 × 10 -4 ), and extraversion (r g = 0.45 ± 0.08; 5.7 × 10 -8 ). This is the first GWAS of self-reported empathy. The results suggest that the genetic variations associated with empathy also play a role in psychiatric conditions and psychological traits.

  14. RECONCEPTUALIZING CONSENT FOR DIRECT-TO-CONSUMER HEALTH SERVICES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector-Bagdady, Kayte

    2015-01-01

    The market for direct-to-consumer (DTC) health services continues to grow rapidly with former patients converting to customers for the opportunity to purchase varied diagnostic tests without the involvement of their clinician. For the first time a DTC genetic testing company is advertising health-related reports "that meet [Food and Drug Administration] standards for being clinically and scientifically valid." Ethicists and regulatory agencies alike have recognized the need for a more informed transaction in the DTC context, but how should we classify a commercial transaction for something normally protected by a duty of care? How can we assure informed agreements in an industry with terms and conditions as varied as the services performed? The doctrine of "informed consent" began as an ethical construct building on the promise of beneficence in the clinical relationship and elevating the principle of autonomy--but in the DTC context should we hold providers to legal standards of informed consent and associated medical malpractice liability, or contractual obligations where consumers would seek remedy for breach? This Article analyzes the fine balance that must be struck in an industry where companies are selling services for entertainment or non-medical purposes that possess the capacity to produce serious and disquieting medical information. It begins by reviewing current standards of consent in the clinical setting from both a legal and ethical perspective and then lays forth current standards for DTC consent using two currently controversial case studies: that of keepsake fetal ultrasound and genetic testing. DTC keepsake ultrasound and genetic testing providers attempt to de-medicalize the devices used for these procedures from their intended medical uses to non-medical uses. But while keepsake ultrasound is marketed as "intended for entertainment purposes only," it can provide medical information as an incidental finding. 23andMe currently purports to be the

  15. Social Media: A Review and Tutorial of Applications in Medicine and Health Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheps, Samuel; Ho, Kendall; Novak-Lauscher, Helen; Eysenbach, Gunther

    2014-01-01

    Background Social media are dynamic and interactive computer-mediated communication tools that have high penetration rates in the general population in high-income and middle-income countries. However, in medicine and health care, a large number of stakeholders (eg, clinicians, administrators, professional colleges, academic institutions, ministries of health, among others) are unaware of social media’s relevance, potential applications in their day-to-day activities, as well as the inherent risks and how these may be attenuated and mitigated. Objective We conducted a narrative review with the aim to present case studies that illustrate how, where, and why social media are being used in the medical and health care sectors. Methods Using a critical-interpretivist framework, we used qualitative methods to synthesize the impact and illustrate, explain, and provide contextual knowledge of the applications and potential implementations of social media in medicine and health care. Both traditional (eg, peer-reviewed) and nontraditional (eg, policies, case studies, and social media content) sources were used, in addition to an environmental scan (using Google and Bing Web searches) of resources. Results We reviewed, evaluated, and synthesized 76 articles, 44 websites, and 11 policies/reports. Results and case studies are presented according to 10 different categories of social media: (1) blogs (eg, WordPress), (2) microblogs (eg, Twitter), (3) social networking sites (eg, Facebook), (4) professional networking sites (eg, LinkedIn, Sermo), (5) thematic networking sites (eg, 23andMe), (6) wikis (eg, Wikipedia), (7) mashups (eg, HealthMap), (8) collaborative filtering sites (eg, Digg), (9) media sharing sites (eg, YouTube, Slideshare), and others (eg, SecondLife). Four recommendations are provided and explained for stakeholders wishing to engage with social media while attenuating risk: (1) maintain professionalism at all times, (2) be authentic, have fun, and do not be

  16. The use of self-quantification systems for personal health information: big data management activities and prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almalki, Manal; Gray, Kathleen; Sanchez, Fernando Martin

    2015-01-01

    Self-quantification is seen as an emerging paradigm for health care self-management. Self-quantification systems (SQS) can be used for tracking, monitoring, and quantifying health aspects including mental, emotional, physical, and social aspects in order to gain self-knowledge. However, there has been a lack of a systematic approach for conceptualising and mapping the essential activities that are undertaken by individuals who are using SQS in order to improve health outcomes. In this paper, we propose a new model of personal health information self-quantification systems (PHI-SQS). PHI-SQS model describes two types of activities that individuals go through during their journey of health self-managed practice, which are 'self-quantification' and 'self-activation'. In this paper, we aimed to examine thoroughly the first type of activity in PHI-SQS which is 'self-quantification'. Our objectives were to review the data management processes currently supported in a representative set of self-quantification tools and ancillary applications, and provide a systematic approach for conceptualising and mapping these processes with the individuals' activities. We reviewed and compared eleven self-quantification tools and applications (Zeo Sleep Manager, Fitbit, Actipressure, MoodPanda, iBGStar, Sensaris Senspod, 23andMe, uBiome, Digifit, BodyTrack, and Wikilife), that collect three key health data types (Environmental exposure, Physiological patterns, Genetic traits). We investigated the interaction taking place at different data flow stages between the individual user and the self-quantification technology used. We found that these eleven self-quantification tools and applications represent two major tool types (primary and secondary self-quantification systems). In each type, the individuals experience different processes and activities which are substantially influenced by the technologies' data management capabilities. Self-quantification in personal health maintenance

  17. Social media: a review and tutorial of applications in medicine and health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grajales, Francisco Jose; Sheps, Samuel; Ho, Kendall; Novak-Lauscher, Helen; Eysenbach, Gunther

    2014-02-11

    Social media are dynamic and interactive computer-mediated communication tools that have high penetration rates in the general population in high-income and middle-income countries. However, in medicine and health care, a large number of stakeholders (eg, clinicians, administrators, professional colleges, academic institutions, ministries of health, among others) are unaware of social media's relevance, potential applications in their day-to-day activities, as well as the inherent risks and how these may be attenuated and mitigated. We conducted a narrative review with the aim to present case studies that illustrate how, where, and why social media are being used in the medical and health care sectors. Using a critical-interpretivist framework, we used qualitative methods to synthesize the impact and illustrate, explain, and provide contextual knowledge of the applications and potential implementations of social media in medicine and health care. Both traditional (eg, peer-reviewed) and nontraditional (eg, policies, case studies, and social media content) sources were used, in addition to an environmental scan (using Google and Bing Web searches) of resources. We reviewed, evaluated, and synthesized 76 articles, 44 websites, and 11 policies/reports. Results and case studies are presented according to 10 different categories of social media: (1) blogs (eg, WordPress), (2) microblogs (eg, Twitter), (3) social networking sites (eg, Facebook), (4) professional networking sites (eg, LinkedIn, Sermo), (5) thematic networking sites (eg, 23andMe), (6) wikis (eg, Wikipedia), (7) mashups (eg, HealthMap), (8) collaborative filtering sites (eg, Digg), (9) media sharing sites (eg, YouTube, Slideshare), and others (eg, SecondLife). Four recommendations are provided and explained for stakeholders wishing to engage with social media while attenuating risk: (1) maintain professionalism at all times, (2) be authentic, have fun, and do not be afraid, (3) ask for help, and (4) focus

  18. The value of level III clearance in patients with axillary and sentinel node positive breast cancer.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dillon, Mary F

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The value of level III axillary clearance is contentious, with great variance worldwide in the extent and levels of clearance performed. OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of level III positivity in patients undergoing level I-III axillary clearance, and identify which patients are at highest risk of involved level III nodes. METHODS: From a database of 2850 patients derived from symptomatic and population-based screening service, 1179 patients who underwent level I-III clearance between the years 1999-2007 were identified. The pathology, surgical details, and prior sentinel nodes biopsies of patients were recorded. RESULTS: Eleven hundred seventy nine patients had level I-III axillary clearance. Of the patients, 63% (n = 747) were node positive. Of patients with node positive disease, 23% (n = 168) were level II positive and 19% (n = 141) were level III positive. Two hundred fifty patients had positive sentinel node biopsies prior to axillary clearance. Of these, 12% (n = 30) and 9% (n = 22) were level II and level III positive, respectively. On multivariate analysis, factors predictive of level III involvement in patients with node positive disease were tumor size (P < 0.001, OR = 1.36; 95% CI: 1.2-1.5), invasive lobular disease (P < 0.001, OR = 3.6; 95% CI: 1.9-6.95), extranodal extension (P < 0.001, OR = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.18-0.4), and lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.04, OR = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.35-1). Lobular invasive disease (P = 0.049, OR = 4.1; 95% CI: 1-16.8), extranodal spread (P = 0.003, OR = 0.18; 95% CI: 0.06-0.57), and having more than one positive sentinel node (P = 0.009, OR = 4.9; 95% CI: 1.5-16.1) were predictive of level III involvement in patients with sentinel node positive disease. CONCLUSION: Level III clearance has a selective but definite role to play in patients who have node positive breast carcinoma. Pathological characteristics of the primary tumor are of particular use in identifying those who are at various risk of level III nodal

  19. Incidencia del cáncer de tiroides en la consulta central de tiroides, últimos nueve años en Pinar del Río Incidence of cancer in the thyroid gland. Its behaviour at central medical consultation during 1998-2007 Pinar del Rio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Iglesias Díaz

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional clínico de caso paciente, retrospectivo, descriptivo y de corte transversal, en un universo de 679 enfermos intervenidos quirúrgicamente por afecciones de la glándula tiroides en " Hospital León Cuervo Rubio" , para evaluar la frecuencia con que se presenta el cáncer de tiroides en la consulta central de tiroides de Pinar del Río. Durante los últimos nueve años, se seleccionó una muestra de 104 portadores de cáncer de tiroides diagnosticados por la biopsia por parafina en el departamento de Anatomía patológica del mismo Hospital, entre los años 1999 al 2007. Se procesaron variables cualitativas y cuantitativas como número de casos por año, variedad histológica y otras, y se representaron en tablas y gráficos, se determinó que el 15% del universo sufre de cáncer de tiroides. El carcinoma bien diferenciado fue la variedad histológica que predominó (96 %, en ocasiones se asociaban con otras enfermedades, predominando la tiroiditis de Hashimoto, el indiferenciado toma valores por encima de lo normal con el 3,8 %, se refiere un caso de carcinoma folicular el resto se representa por la variedad papilar.A clinical, retrospective, descriptive, cross-sectional case report study was carried out at "Leon Cuervo Rubio" General Hospital, taking a total of 679 patients who underwent a surgery of thyroid gland during the last 9 years. A sample of 104 patients who suffered from cancer of the thyroid was selected - being this corroborated by means of paraffin wax biopsies. These biopsies were performed at the Department of Anatomy in the institution during 1999-2007. Qualitative and quantitative variables and the figures of cases per year were processed, histological variety and other items were represented in tables and charts. 15% of the total of patients suffered from cancer of thyroid, histologically the differentiated carcinoma prevailed (96%, and sometimes it was associated with other diseases

  20. Characterising fifteen years of continuous atmospheric radon activity observations at Cape Point (South Africa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botha, R.; Labuschagne, C.; Williams, A. G.; Bosman, G.; Brunke, E.-G.; Rossouw, A.; Lindsay, R.

    2018-03-01

    winter and spring seasons is found over the 15-year data set, with most of the change occurring in the first 9 years (1999-2007). This observed inter-annual decline appears to be associated with changes in the frequency of air masses having originated from over the African continental surfaces, and no significant trend is found in the lower radon percentiles associated with oceanic air masses. The general decrease of atmospheric radon-associated with continental air-masses at Cape Point could be attributed to changing meteorological conditions, possibly driven by climate change.

  1. Estudo da incidência de coledocolitíase em pacientes com colecistite calculosa aguda e crônica submetidos à colecistectomia vídeolaparoscópica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Moreno Gil

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência da coledocolitiase em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica, portadores de colecistopatia calculosa aguda e crônica. O presente estudo, também, analisa se a era laparoscópica modificou a incidência e a história natural da litíase da via biliar quando compara os dados da literatura com os índices do Grupo estudado. MÉTODO: O estudo foi realizado em um Grupo de 946 pacientes, distribuídos em Grupo A de 214 pacientes de 1991-1995 e Grupo B de 732 pacientes de 1999-2007 colecistectomizados pelo método laparoscópico. O critério diagnóstico de coledocolitíase foi estabelecido por colangiofluoroscopia de rotina em todas as operações. RESULTADOS: A incidência total de coledocolitiase no Grupo A de 9,8% e no B de 5,8% não mostram diferença estatística significativa entre si e com a literatura mundial (p=0,08.Nos pacientes operados por colecistite aguda também não se observou diferença estatística entre o grupo A e B na incidência de litíase da via biliar( p=0,8. A análise dos dados nos pacientes operados por colecistite crônica revela uma taxa de coledocolitíase menor no Grupo B de 3,7% com significância estatística do que no A de 8,4% p=0,03. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo revela uma diminuição expressiva na incidência de coledocolitiase no Grupo B em relação ao A e a literatura mundial quando a indicação cirúrgica ocorre na fase não complicada da doença litiásica biliar. O estudo também demonstra um aumento significativo na indicação da colecistectomia laparoscópica eletiva mais precoce no Grupo B como já observado em diversas publicações da literatura médica.

  2. Analyses of changes in vegetation cover in the South and Sub-Taiga of Western Siberia using Landsat data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyukarev, Egor; Pologova, Nina; Golovatskaya, Eugenia

    2010-05-01

    , 2005, and 2007. Tree cutting in 1999-2007 was significantly smaller than in previous time due to depression in economical activity. Some invasion of young trees in to abandoned agricultural lands also can be found at comparison of 1999 and 2007 images. After 1999 many agricultural lands stopped to plug, transformed to unmanaged meadows (grassland) and now occupying by young birch. Small burned areas are exists on the studied territory primary at drainage peatlands but fires does not affect forests significantly. Work was performed under project "Human Impact on Land-cover Changes in the Heart of Asia" supported by Asia-Pacific Network (ARCP2009-02CMY).

  3. Empiric potassium supplementation and increased survival in users of loop diuretics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles E Leonard

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of the clinical strategy of empiric potassium supplementation in reducing the frequency of adverse clinical outcomes in patients receiving loop diuretics is unknown. We sought to examine the association between empiric potassium supplementation and 1 all-cause death and 2 outpatient-originating sudden cardiac death (SD and ventricular arrhythmia (VA among new starters of loop diuretics, stratified on initial loop diuretic dose.We conducted a one-to-one propensity score-matched cohort study using 1999-2007 US Medicaid claims from five states. Empiric potassium supplementation was defined as a potassium prescription on the day of or the day after the initial loop diuretic prescription. Death, the primary outcome, was ascertained from the Social Security Administration Death Master File; SD/VA, the secondary outcome, from incident, first-listed emergency department or principal inpatient SD/VA discharge diagnoses (positive predictive value = 85%.We identified 654,060 persons who met eligibility criteria and initiated therapy with a loop diuretic, 27% of whom received empiric potassium supplementation (N = 179,436 and 73% of whom did not (N = 474,624. The matched hazard ratio for empiric potassium supplementation was 0.93 (95% confidence interval, 0.89-0.98, p = 0.003 for all-cause death. Stratifying on initial furosemide dose, hazard ratios for empiric potassium supplementation with furosemide < 40 and ≥ 40 milligrams/day were 0.93 (0.86-1.00, p = 0.050 and 0.84 (0.79-0.89, p < 0.0001. The matched hazard ratio for empiric potassium supplementation was 1.02 (0.83-1.24, p = 0.879 for SD/VA.Empiric potassium supplementation upon initiation of a loop diuretic appears to be associated with improved survival, with a greater apparent benefit seen with higher diuretic dose. If confirmed, these findings support the use of empiric potassium supplementation upon initiation of a loop diuretic.

  4. A population-based analysis of mortality in patients with Turner syndrome and hypoplastic left heart syndrome using the Texas Birth Defects Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Diego A; Ethen, Mary K; Canfield, Mark A; Nembhard, Wendy N; Morris, Shaine A

    2017-01-01

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is strongly associated with Turner syndrome (TS); outcome data when these conditions coexist is sparse. We aimed to investigate long-term survival and causes of death in this population. The Texas Birth Defects Registry was queried for all live born infants with HLHS during 1999-2007. We used Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses to compare survival among patients with HLHS with TS (HLHS/TS+) to patients who had HLHS without genetic disorders or extracardiac birth defects (HLHS/TS-). Of the 542 patients with HLHS, 11 had TS (2.0%), 71 had other extracardiac birth defects or genetic disorders, and 463 had neither. The median follow-up time was 4.2 y (interquartile range [IQR] 2.1-6.5). Comparing those with HLHS/TS+ to HLHS/TS-, 100% versus 35% were female (P < .001), and median birth weight was 2140 g (IQR 1809-2650) versus 3196 g (IQR 2807-3540, P < .001). Neonatal mortality was 36% in HLHS/TS+ versus 27% in HLHS/TS- (log rank = 0.431). Ten of the 11 TS+ patients died during the study period for cumulative mortality of 91% versus 50% (hazard ratio (HR) for TS+: 2.90, 95% CI 1.53-5.48). Six patients died prior to surgery, 5 underwent Stage 1 palliation (S1P), 3 died after S1P, 2 survived past S2P, and one of these died at age 19 mo. The underlying cause of death was listed as congenital heart disease on all the death certificates of HLHS/TS+ patients. In multivariable analysis controlling for low birth weight (<2500 g), TS remained associated with significantly increased cumulative mortality, although females without TS had higher mortality than males (HR for TS+ versus males: 2.42, 95% CI 1.24-4.73; HR for TS- females versus males: 1.41, 95% CI 1.08-1.83). TS with HLHS is associated with significant mortality. The increased mortality in females without documented TS calls to question if TS is undetected in a portion of females with HLHS. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Incidents in transport of radioactive materials for civil use: IRSN draws lessons from events reported between 1999 and 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    analysis illustrates the annual change in the number of events in transport of radioactive materials, with the associated levels of seriousness. It also provides a brief description of some of the events (those with radiological aspect and the main events occurred in 2007 and an analysis of the most frequent types of events over the period 1999-2007, giving the observed trends. Finally, the main elements that could be deduced from this feedback are presented. This report could be useful for ASN in order to improve safety of radioactive material transports. (authors)

  6. Phase shifts and nonellipsoidal light curves: Challenges from mass determinations in x-ray binary stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantrell, Andrew Glenn

    We consider two types of anomalous observations which have arisen from efforts to measure dynamical masses of X-ray binary stars: (1) Radial velocity curves which seemingly show the primary and the secondary out of antiphase in most systems, and (2) The observation of double-waved light curves which deviate significantly from the ellipsoidal modulations expected for a Roche lobe filling star. We consider both problems with the joint goals of understanding the physical origins of the anomalous observations, and using this understanding to allow robust dynamical determinations of mass in X-ray binary systems. In our analysis of phase-shifted radial velocity curves, we discuss a comprehensive sample of X-ray binaries with published phase-shifted radial velocity curves. We show that the most commonly adopted explanation for phase shifts is contradicted by many observations, and consider instead a generalized form of a model proposed by Smak in 1970. We show that this model is well supported by a range of observations, including some systems which had previously been considered anomalous. We lay the groundwork for the derivation of mass ratios based on our explanation for phase shifts, and we discuss the work necessary to produce more detailed physical models of the phase shift. In our analysis of non-ellipsoidal light curves, we focus on the very well-studied system A0620-00. We present new VIH SMARTS photometry spanning 1999-2007, and supplement this with a comprehensive collection of archival data obtained since 1981. We show that A0620-00 undergoes optical state changes within X-ray quiescence and argue that not all quiescent data should be used for determinations of the inclination. We identify twelve light curves which may reliably be used for determining the inclination. We show that the accretion disk contributes significantly to all twelve curves and is the dominant source of nonellipsoidal variations. We derive the disk fraction for each of the twelve curves

  7. Soldiers suicides risk factors in the Serbian Army Forces

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    Dedić Gordana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Analyses of suicide risk factors enable to undertake appropriate preventive measures within the Suicide Prevention Program in Military Environment, which was fully applied in 2003 in the Serbian Army Forces. The aim of our study was to identify the most important suicide risk factors in soldiers within the period from 1998 to 2007. Methods. Analysis of suicide risk factors was carried out on the basis of data obtained by psychological suicide autopsy. The control group was matched with adapted soldiers by socio-demographic factors. A descriptive statistical analysis was used. Comparison of groups of soldiers was done by the t-test and Pearson's χ2-test. Results. A total of 35 soldiers aged 22-49 years (21.76 ± 1.76 years on average committed suicide within the period 1999-2007, the 2/3 within, and 1/3 out of a military compound. More than one half soldiers committed suicide after transferring to a different post. Soldiers who committed suicide had come from uncompleted, dysfunctional families (p < 0.05. In comparison with the adapted soldiers, in premilitary period they had more interpersonal problems with their comrades (p < 0.001 and problems with law (p < 0.05. During military service, alcohol consumption was less presented; they used to have fewer separation problems (p < 0.05 and to be rarely awarded (p < 0.001 in comparison with the adapted soldiers. A soldier who committed suicide was emotionally and socially immature persons. The commonest motives for suicide were: decreased capacity of adaptation to military service, actual psychic disturbance, emotional interruption, fear of environment judgment, actual family problems, but in the one fifth, motive stayed unrecognized. Conclusion. Suicide risk factors in soldiers are primary in their immature personality organization, its relation with family and military environment factors which, in coexistence with actual life accidents, result in suicide as a consequence. A

  8. Cytogenetical and haematological studies of hydrobionts within the Chernobyl accident exclusion zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gudkov, Dmitri; Dzyubenko, Elena; Shevtsova, Natalia; Nurgudin, Marat

    2008-01-01

    Full text: We studied the cytogenetic effects in embryo tissue of gastropod snails and in root meristem of higher aquatic plants as chromosome aberration rate and reaction of snails on unfavorable condition of environment as change of structure, level of differentiation, death and cytogenetic stability of hemo lymph cell population. Our researches were carried out during 1999-2007. The water bodies of research were Azbuchin Lake, Yanovsky Crawl, Dalekoye Lake, Glubokoye Lake as well as Uzh River and Pripyat River within the Chernobyl accident exclusion zone. The results of the analyses compared to the data received for hydrobionts from control lakes, located within the Kiev City area. The absorbed dose rate registered in range from 1.3 mGy/year to 3.4 Gy/year. The highest rate was found in Dalekoye and Glubokoye lakes, the lowest - in the Pripyat River and Uzh River. Hydrobionts from the control lakes were characterized by absorbed dose rate about 0.3 mGy/year The rate of chromosome aberration for snails from the control lakes was about 1.1-2.0 percent. About 3.3 and 5.7 % of aberrant cells was registered in snail's embryo from the Pripyat and Uzh rivers respectively. The highest rate of aberration was found in snails from lakes within the dammed territory on the left-bank flood lands of the Pripyat River (Dalekoye-1 Lake and Glubokoye Lake) - 21-23 %. In the embryo tissue of snails from Yanovsky Crawl chromosome aberration rate was about 18 % and in Azbuchin Lake - about 20 %. The highest chromosome aberrations rate in root meristems (17.8-10.8 %) were registered in plants from lakes within the left-bank flood lands of the Pripyat River, the lowest one (4.5-2.2 %) - in plants from the Pripyat and Uzh rivers. In hemo lymph of snails from Dalekoye-1 Lake, Azbuchin Lake and Glubokoye Lake the quantity of death cells averages 36.2 %, 39.2 % and 43.8 % respectively, the part of phagocytic cells averages 44.3 %, 41.2 % and 45.0 %, as well as decrease of the young

  9. Integration of potential and quasipotential geophysical fields and GPR data for delineation of buried karst terranes in complex environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eppelbaum, L. V.; Alperovich, L. S.; Zheludev, V.; Ezersky, M.; Al-Zoubi, A.; Levi, E.

    2012-04-01

    Karst is found on particularly soluble rocks, especially limestone, marble, and dolomite (carbonate rocks), but is also developed on gypsum and rock salt. Subsurface carbonate rocks involved in karst groundwater circulation considerably extend the active karst realm, to perhaps 14% of the world's land area (Price, 2009). The phenomenon of the solution weathering of limestone is the most widely known in the world. Active sinkholes growth appears under different industrial constructions, roads, railways, bridges, airports, buildings, etc. Regions with arid and semi-arid climate occupy about 30% of the Earth's land. Subsurface in arid regions is characterized by high variability of physical properties both on lateral and vertical that complicates geophysical survey analysis. Therefore for localization and monitoring of karst terranes effective and reliable geophysical methodologies should be applied. Such advanced methods were developed in microgravity (Eppelbaum et al., 2008; Eppelbaum, 2011b), magnetic (Khesin et al., 1996; Eppelbaum et al., 2000, 2004; Eppelbaum, 2011a), induced polarization (Khesin et al., 1997; Eppelbaum and Khesin, 2002), VLF (Eppelbaum and Khesin, 1992; Eppelbaum and Mishne, 2012), near-surface temperature (Eppelbaum, 2009), self-potential (Khesin et al., 1996; Eppelbaum and Khesin, 2002), and resistivity (Eppelbaum, 1999, 2007a) surveys. Application of some of these methodologies in the western and eastern shores of the Dead Sea area (e.g., Eppelbaum et al., 2008; Ezersky et al., 2010; Al-Zoubi et al., 2011) and in other regions of the world (Eppelbaum, 2007a) has shown their effectiveness. The common procedures for ring structure identification against the noise background and probabilistic-deterministic methods for recognizing the desired targets in complex media are presented in Khesin and Eppelbaum (1997), Eppelbaum et al. (2003), and Eppelbaum (2007b). For integrated analysis of different geophysical fields (including GPR images) intended

  10. PREFACE: International Workshop on Neutron Optics and Detectors (NOP&D 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Every two-three years scientists involved in developments of neutron optics gather together for the International Workshop on Neutron Optics (NOP). Neutron optics has always been considered very important for the development of new neutron instrumentation. The limited brilliance of existing or future neutron sources requires the more effective usage of emitted neutrons. Indeed, improvements of the neutron optical system or an optimization of the neutron-optical tracts of instruments can result in a significant enhancement of their performance. This is especially important at present when the neutron scattering community is strongly engaged in developments of new instrumentation around the spallation neutron sources - SNS, ESS, J-PARC and Second Target Station at ISIS. In 2013 the workshop was organized by the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science of the Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH and was held at the Conference Centre in Ismaning next to Munich on July 2-7, 2013 on the eve of the ICNS-2013 in Edinburg. It carried on the series of Neutron Optics workshops held in Villigen (1999, 2007), Tokyo (2004) and Alpe d'Huez (2010). This time it is also aimed to compliment the International Conference on Neutron Scattering in Edinburgh (ICNS-2013) by providing a platform for detailed discussions on the latest developments in the field of neutron optics. The scope of the workshop was extended to the neutron detectors (in a way similar to the NOP-2004 held in Tokyo) and was labelled as the International Workshop on Neutron Optics and Detectors, NOP&D-2013. However, in contrast to the Tokyo workshop, the focus of discussions was not the detector technologies (which are the subject of many dedicated meetings), rather than the use of detectors for the purpose of the design of modern instrumentation aiming to inform detector developers about real detectors requirements for new advanced instrumental concepts. The three-full-days workshop gathered a record number of participants, more

  11. Independent Technical Review of the X-740 Groundwater Remedy, Portsmouth, Ohio: Technical Evaluation and Recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Looney, B.; Rhia, B.; Jackson, D.; Eddy-Dilek, C.

    2010-01-01

    Two major remedial campaigns have been applied to a plume of trichloroethene (TCE) contaminated groundwater near the former X-740 facility at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Piketon Ohio. The two selected technologies, phytoremediation using a stand of hybrid poplar trees from 1999-2007 and in situ chemical oxidation using modified Fenton's Reagent from 2008-2009, have proven ineffective in achieving remedial action objectives (RAOs). The 'poor' performance of these technologies is a direct result of site specific conditions and the local contaminant hydrogeology. Key among these challenges is the highly heterogeneous subsurface geology with a thin contaminated aquifer zone (the Gallia) - the behavior of the contamination in the Gallia is currently dominated by slow release of TCE from the clay of the overlying Minford formation, from the sandstone of the underlying Berea formation, and from clayey layers within the Gallia itself. In response to the remediation challenges for the X-740 plume, the Portsmouth team (including the US Department of Energy (DOE), the site contractor (CDM), and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA)) is evaluating the feasibility of remediation at this site and identifying specific alternatives that are well matched to site conditions and that would maximize the potential for achieving RAOs. To support this evaluation, the DOE Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation (EM-32) assembled a team of experts to serve as a resource and provide input and recommendations to Portsmouth. Despite the challenging site conditions and the failure of the previous two remediation campaigns to adequately move the site toward RAOs, the review team was unanimous in the conclusion that an effective combination of cost effective technologies can be identified. Further, the team expressed optimism that RAOs can be achieved if realistic timeframes are accepted by all parties. The initial efforts of the review team focused on reviewing the

  12. Strategy and competitive advantages in Brazilian telecommunications: a multiple case study from 1999 to 2007 Estrategia y ventaja competitiva en el mercado brasileño de telecomunicaciones: un estudio de casos múltiples para el periodo de 1999 a 2007 Estratégia e vantagem competitiva no mercado brasileiro de telecomunicações: um estudo de casos múltiplos para o período de 1999 a 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Ribeiro

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Brazilian telecommunications companies after privatization, from 1999-2007, to compare reasons for best and worst economic performances. Main indexes showed sector growth after privatization in 1998. Profitability rankings based on criteria by Matarazzo (1997 were studied as well as a subsequent review of selected multiple cases of best and worst performances. Reasons for best performance were a strategy to reduce costs and control intangible assets, implemented in a strong organizational culture with a focus on improving financial results. Worst performance was due to mistaken strategies related to the market technological standard and investment in indexes of questionable profitability, such as market share. Telefonica and Vivo were to be the best and worst, respectively.Este artículo analiza el mercado brasileño de telecomunicaciones en el periodo post-privatización (1999 a 2007, con el objetivo de establecer una comparación entre las razones que llevaron al mejor y al peor desempeño económico registrado entre los competidores de ese mercado. Público hasta 1998, el sector registró crecimiento en sus principales índices después de la privatización. Esta investigación contó con dos procedimientos metodológicos: el establecimiento de un ranking de rentabilidad de las empresas del mercado, basado en el criterio de rentabilidad definido por Matarazzo (1997, y un posterior estudio de casos múltiples, en el cual los casos seleccionados fueron aquellos que presentaron el mejor y el peor desempeño económico durante el periodo de análisis. Los resultados sugieren que las principales razones para el desempeño superior fueron una estrategia de reducción de costos y la pose de recursos inalcanzables, materializados en una fuerte cultura organizacional de generación de resultados financieros. Por otro lado, los motivos que llevaron una empresa al peor desempeño registrado en el período fueron estrategias

  13. What has happened in about the last 20 years in the Canyoles watershed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ángel González Peñaloza, Félix; Cerdà, Artemi; Díaz del Olmo, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    Along history, the Mediterranean arid lands have undergone widespread land use transformation, especially in recent decades (Piqueras, 2012). There are changes driven by socio-economic conditions, such as European Agricultural Policies (MacDonald et al., 2000; Keenleyside and Tucker, 2010; Renwick et al., 2013), which have caused land degradation processes (soil erosion, soil sealing, water pollution, salinization, wildfires, land abandonment, urban sprawl and intensive agricultural practices). Land degradation is the results of a complex Socio Ecological System (SES) which should be addressed using the Geographical Information System (GIS) to identify and assess the spatial variation of land use change. Therefore, the aim of this work has been to describe and assess the land use change by human activities in a typical Mediterranean watershed (Cànyoles Valley) located at South-East of Iberian Peninsula as a part of the Land Ecosystem and Degradation Desertification Response Assessment (LEDDRA) project, which has undergone a quick land use change in last two decades (1986 - 2005). Results reveal that the surface area devoted to rainfed crops (e.g., olive crops (47 %) and vineyards (28 %) and forestry have decline significantly; while the citrus orchards (irrigated crops) and unproductive areas (e.g., roads and railways, urban areas) have been increasing its surface in just about last 20 years in 45 % and 67 %, respectively. According to the literature review (Cerdà, 1994; Cerdá et al., 1999, 2007; Cerdà, 2007; Bodí et al., 2012; González-Peñaloza, 2012) these recent changes, in the study site, have caused many environmental disturbances mainly due to the lack control strategies plans of land degradation. Acknowledgements This research is being conducted by the EU project "Land Ecosystem and Degradation Desertification: Assessing the Fit of Responses" LEDDRA 243857 CONSORTIUM AGREEMENT. TR07 - VII PROGRAMA MARCO - ENERGÍA FP7-ENERGY-2007-2-TREN. - European

  14. Translation and Creative Writing: An Interview with Professor Margaret Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruzbeh Babaee

    2016-01-01

    translator’s agency is redundant. Even texts which have standard equivalents in the other language / culture, e.g. notices such as ‘Beware of the dog’ (French Attention, chien méchant; German Vorsicht, bissiger Hund; Italian Attenti al cane!, could be translated differently if the purpose of the translation is to inform about the structure of the source text rather than produce a notice which is functionally appropriate. The scope for variation in literary translation is, of course, even wider in many cases and not necessarily linked to a change in the purpose of the translation. Toury’s Descriptive Translation Studies has shown us how important the norms of reception are and how these norms can vary according to time and place.   RB: How do you deal with a term with several different shades of meaning in the original language? MR: Even specialist terms can be ‘perspectivised’ in different ways in a text, depending on which characteristics of the concept (as specified in an intensional definition, for example are activated by the co-text. The translator’s job is to establish whether there is a similar affordance for such nuancing in the target language e.g. by researching model texts with similar content and design features to those of the source text, or by communicating with experts working in the relevant field. In the latter case, however, we always need to be prepared for puzzled reactions and sometimes poor insight into actual practice. These kinds of differences are rarely recorded in codified sources such as termbases or dictionaries, as they are often highly contextualised and therefore present difficulties for the abstraction that is necessary for codification.  If no immediate solution is apparent in the target language, perhaps the nuancing is not necessary or poses no problems for target-language readers. Examples of this kind of nuancing can, however, be found in Rogers 1999; 2007.   RB: Do you think that translation can be a rich source of

  15. Explanation of observable secular variations of gravity and alternative methods of determination of drift of the center of mass of the Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkin, Yury

    2010-05-01

    conditionally corresponded to the geocenter of the Earth approximately determined by position of stations of satellite observations, as the center of certain mantle systems of coordinates Oxyz. For an explanation of such significant drift of the center of mass of the Earth the mechanism of the unidirectional displacement of the core of the Earth (and its center of mass) relatively to a viscoelastic mantle [1, 2] has been offered. The next years attempts of determination of velocity of secular drift of the center of mass in the mantle reference frame by methods of a space geodesy on the basis of precision satellite observations were repeatedly undertaken. In our work [3] for determination of a trend of the center of mass the data of the International Service of Rotation of the Earth (IERS) for satellite observations of system DORIS have been used. For components of velocity of drift in geocentric Greenwich system of coordinates for period 1999-2007 estimations have been obtained: on coordinate x) -1.46 mm/yr, y) 0.79 mm/yr and z) 5.29 mm/yr (errors of the specified estimations make 5-10 %). The velocity of trend of the center of mass of the Earth and its direction are characterized by values: 5.54 mm/yr; latitude 72°6 N and a longitude 118°4 E. The direction of displacement of the center of mass will well be coordinated with a direction predicted earlier theoretically [2]: latitude 70° N and a longitude 104° E. We shall emphasize, that observable redistributions of superficial masses of the Earth explain only small part of observable displacement of the center of mass. It testifies in favour of a reality of secular relative displacement of the core and the mantle of the Earth. 2 Secular drift of the core to the North and variations of a gravity on the Earth surface. The displaced core of the Earth is characterized by the large superfluous mass approximately in 16.7 masses of the Moon. The superfluous mass is ditermined by contrast values of average densities of the core and