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Sample records for analytical studies related

  1. Use of nuclear and related analytical techniques in environmental research as exemplified by selected air pollution studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among nuclear and nuclear related analytical techniques, neutron activation analysis and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry proved to be particularly useful for environmental studies owing to their nondestructive character and multi element capability. This paper emphasizes their importance among other multielement analytical methods by discussing their specific role due to specific physics basis, quite different to other destructive non-nuclear methods, and by summarizing results obtained in several studies related to air pollution research, including analyses of airborne particulate matter, water samples, lichens and mosses. (author)

  2. Graph Analytics using the Vertica Relational Database

    OpenAIRE

    Jindal, Alekh; Madden, Samuel; Castellanos, Malu; Hsu, Meichun

    2014-01-01

    Graph analytics is becoming increasingly popular, with a deluge of new systems for graph analytics having been proposed in the past few years. These systems often start from the assumption that a new storage or query processing system is needed, in spite of graph data being often collected and stored in a relational database in the first place. In this paper, we study Vertica relational database as a platform for graph analytics. We show that vertex-centric graph analysis can be translated to...

  3. Analytical study of dispersion relations for shear horizontal wave propagation in plates with periodic stubs

    KAUST Repository

    Xu, Yanlong

    2015-08-01

    The coupled mode theory with coupling of diffraction modes and waveguide modes is usually used on the calculations of transmission and reflection coefficients for electromagnetic waves traveling through periodic sub-wavelength structures. In this paper, I extend this method to derive analytical solutions of high-order dispersion relations for shear horizontal (SH) wave propagation in elastic plates with periodic stubs. In the long wavelength regime, the explicit expression is obtained by this theory and derived specially by employing an effective medium. This indicates that the periodical stubs are equivalent to an effective homogenous layer in the long wavelength. Notably, in the short wavelength regime, high-order diffraction modes in the plate and high-order waveguide modes in the stubs are considered with modes coupling to compute the band structures. Numerical results of the coupled mode theory fit pretty well with the results of the finite element method (FEM). In addition, the band structures\\' evolution with the height of the stubs and the thickness of the plate shows clearly that the method can predict well the Bragg band gaps, locally resonant band gaps and high-order symmetric and anti-symmetric thickness-twist modes for the periodically structured plates. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

  4. Phase relation studies and thermo analytical analysis of melt quenched bscco glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bi-2223 samples having nominal composition Bi/sub 1.6/ Pb/0.4/ Sr/sub 2/Ca/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/ O/sub 10/ were quenched from 1200 degree C, 1250 degree C and 1300 degree C to room temperature on brass, stainless steel, copper and bronze blocks. The samples were thermo analytically analyzed by differential thermal analyses (DTA) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Activation energy, reaction rate constant and frequency factor for crystallization were evaluated employing different models. The precursors decomposed peritectically during melting, forming liquid and solid phases. Kinetic studies revealed that the thermal stability increases for the sample quenched from 1250 degree C. Resistivity measurement reveled that sample quenched on brass from 1250 degree C has highest value of critical temperature. X-ray diffraction results showed that major phase is high-Tc 2223 phase while low-Tc 2212 phase is also present in the samples. The change in structural and kinetic parameters could be ascribed to the oxygen diffusion behavior, resulting in hole carrier concentration. PACS Codes: 74.72 Hs; 67.80 Gb; 61.10 Nz. (author)

  5. Analytical mechanics for relativity and quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Johns, Oliver Davis

    2011-01-01

    Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics is an innovative and mathematically sound treatment of the foundations of analytical mechanics and the relation of classical mechanics to relativity and quantum theory. It is intended for use at the introductory graduate level. A distinguishing feature of the book is its integration of special relativity into teaching of classical mechanics. After a thorough review of the traditional theory, Part II of the book introduces extended Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods that treat time as a transformable coordinate rather than the fixed parameter of Newtonian physics. Advanced topics such as covariant Langrangians and Hamiltonians, canonical transformations, and Hamilton-Jacobi methods are simplified by the use of this extended theory. And the definition of canonical transformation no longer excludes the Lorenz transformation of special relativity. This is also a book for those who study analytical mechanics to prepare for a critical exploration of quantum...

  6. Analytical studies of morphine and related substances using LC-MS/MS

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Morphine is considered to be metabolized in three distinct metabolic pathways; glucuronidation, sulfation and N-demetylation. However, identification of morphine-3-sulfate (M3S) and morphine-6-sulfate (M6S) as morphine metabolites has not been convincing according to previous literature due to lack of reliable reference material and identification based on thin layer chromatography. In this thesis reference material for M3S and M6S was developed, and a sensitive analytical method for quantifi...

  7. Implementation of a quality system to a study on natural contamination using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear and other related analytical techniques are used for the general purpose of investigating the causes, as well as the primary and secondary sources, of natural contamination with arsenic in the Pampa plain of Argentina. The main objective of the overall study is the definition of the geographical distribution of the process of contamination with arsenic, and some other particular objectives of the investigation are oriented to obtain additional information on: (a) geochemical behaviour of arsenic and other associated trace elements; (b) characteristics of the primary and secondary sources of contribution; (c) eventual presence of other toxic elements; and (d) influence on the quality of groundwater and soils of the area. For the analysis of water, soils and loess deposits of the whole region, the following techniques and elements are included. Neutron activation analysis: As, Al, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Dy, Eu, Fe, Ga, Hf, K, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Th, Ti, U, V, Yb, Zn and Zr (soils and loess). Atomic absorption spectrometry: As (waters). Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry: As, Ba, Cd, Cr, Sr and Pb (waters). Wave dispersive X ray fluorescence: Rb and Sr (soils and loess), As, Co, Cu, V and Zn (waters). Total reflection X ray fluorescence: As, Br, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Sr, Ti, V and Zn (waters). A quality system for the study has been implemented. The stages were connected with a group of actions, starting from the specific quality assurance programmes of the laboratories and, in relation with the present study, through sampling, chemical analyses with their procedures and, finally, treatment of the results. As a complement, the laboratories participated in IAEA intercomparison rounds. The results and the implications of the implementation of the system are discussed. (author)

  8. Analytic studies in nuclear astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizzochero, Pierre

    Five studies are presented in nuclear astrophysics, which deal with different stages of stellar evolution and which use analytic techniques as opposed to numerical ones. Two problems are described in neutrino astrophysics: the solar-neutrino puzzle is analyzed in the framework of the MSW mechanism for the enhancement of neutrino oscillations in matter; and the cooling of neutron stars is studied by calculating the neutrino emissivity from strangeness condensation. Radiative transfer is then examined as applied to SN1987A: its early spectrum and bolometric corrections are calculated by developing an analytic model which can describe both the extended nature of the envelope and the non-LTE state of the radiation field in the scattering-dominated early atmosphere; and a model-independent relation is derived between mass and kinetic energy for the hydrogen envelope of SN1987A, using only direct observations of its luminosity and photospheric velocity. Finally, an analytic approach is presented to relate the softness of the EOS of dense nuclear matter in the core of a supernova, the hydrostatic structure of such core and the initial strength of the shock wave.

  9. Background air pollution studies in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh using nuclear-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The trace element constituents of aerosols such as Hg, Pb, Cd, Se, As, Cu, Zn, Cr, V, etc. are permanent pollutants affecting the biosphere and the general ecosystem. The measurements of these elements collected on air filters, in rainwater, and also in some bioindicators such as moss and lichen, can yield very significant information on the origin, transport, removal and deposition of these pollutants. A set of sensitive and precise nuclear-related and chemical methods such as PIXE, EDXRF, FAAS and DPASV have, therefore, been developed and applied to analyze a number of trace and minor elements in air particulates, coal fly ash, plant materials, moss and water. Further analytical developments would include INAA and TRXRF. Some of the results from air particulates (integral), coal fly ash and moss analyses are presented to illustrate the experience level of the Laboratory. A core programme of study on the trace element composition of aerosols from urban and rural atmosphere in Bangladesh has been planned for implementation within the framework of this CRP. 10 refs, 1 fig., 5 tabs

  10. Analytically Derived Wind Wave Growth Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管长龙; 孙群

    2002-01-01

    By the use of the 3/2 power law presented by Toba combined with the significant wave energy balance equation forwind wave, wind wave growth at a limited fetch is analytically investigated. The new wind wave growth relations(WWGRs) are analytically derived with sheltering coefficient and wind drag coefficient as parameters. The geometricalaverage of observational values of sheltering coefficient and the arithmetic average of observational values of wind drag co-efficient are applied to determine the new WWGRs. Comparisons with existing empirical WWGRs are made.

  11. Spherically Averaging Ellipsoidal Galaxy Clusters in X-Ray and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Studies: I. Analytical Relations

    CERN Document Server

    Buote, David A

    2011-01-01

    This is the first of two papers investigating the deprojection and spherical averaging of ellipsoidal galaxy clusters. We specifically consider applications to hydrostatic X-ray and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) studies, though many of the results also apply to isotropic dispersion-supported stellar dynamical systems. Here we present analytical formulas for galaxy clusters described by a gravitational potential that is a triaxial ellipsoid of constant shape and orientation. For this model type we show that the mass bias due to spherically averaging X-ray observations is independent of the temperature profile, and for the special case of a scale-free logarithmic potential, there is exactly zero mass bias for any shape, orientation, and temperature profile. The ratio of spherically averaged intracluster medium (ICM) pressures obtained from SZ and X-ray measurements depends only on the ICM intrinsic shape and projection orientation, which provides another illustration of how cluster geometry can be recovered through a...

  12. A cluster-analytic approach towards multidimensional health-related behaviors in adolescents: the MoMo-Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spengler Sarah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although knowledge on single health-related behaviors and their association with health parameters is available, research on multiple health-related behaviors is needed to understand the interactions among these behaviors. The aims of the study were (a to identify typical health-related behavior patterns in German adolescents focusing on physical activity, media use and dietary behavior; (b to describe the socio-demographic correlates of the identified clusters and (c to study their association with overweight. Methods Within the framework of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS and the “Motorik-Modul” (MoMo, 1,643 German adolescents (11–17 years completed a questionnaire assessing the amount and type of weekly physical activity in sports clubs and during leisure time, weekly use of television, computer and console games and the frequency and amount of food consumption. From this data the three indices ‘physical activity’, ‘media use’ and ‘healthy nutrition’ were derived and included in a cluster analysis conducted with Ward’s Method and K-means analysis. Chi-square tests were performed to identify socio-demographic correlates of the clusters as well as their association with overweight. Results Four stable clusters representing typical health-related behavior patterns were identified: Cluster 1 (16.2%—high scores in physical activity index and average scores in media use index and healthy nutrition index; cluster 2 (34.6%—high healthy nutrition score and below average scores in the other two indices; cluster 3 (18.4%—low physical activity score, low healthy nutrition score and very high media use score; cluster 4 (30.5%—below average scores on all three indices. Boys were overrepresented in the clusters 1 and 3, and the relative number of adolescents with low socio-economic status as well as overweight was significantly higher than average in

  13. Studies of atmospheric pollution: Concentration of selected elements in the lower atmosphere using nuclear-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of this research is to study the elemental composition (mainly sulphur and heavy metals) of the lower atmosphere of San Lorenzo. This is a university city located at about 10 km from Asuncion. We will use X-ray fluorescence (XRF) techniques to make a multielemental analysis of the components in air samples taken in San Lorenzo. Then, we will compare these results with samples we take from a rural community. We have selected San Lorenzo because it is a town with a relatively large population and also has a relatively high industrial activity. At the Municipality of San Lorenzo, there a growing interest in the monitoring and control of airborne pollution arising from industrial processes and transportation effects. Two rural stations were selected; one, in the Oriental Region ''Jhere Company'' that is located 200 km from Asuncion and far from urban centres, and the other, at the western Region, Chaco, which has characteristics different from the first one and it is about 400 km from Asuncion. The objective of this research is to get results to establish a baseline for comparison. We intend to get: a) Preliminary information from rural stations that could give us the baseline. b) Information about the situation of airborne pollution in San Lorenzo city. (author). 3 refs, 4 figs, 5 tabs

  14. Application of NAA and related analytical facilities at MINT, Malaysia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, Ab. Khalik Haji [Malaysian Inst. for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT), Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2003-03-01

    The Analytical Chemistry Laboratory of MINT equipped with analytical equipments to analyse trace chemical components that are important for various field of studies particularly the environmental studies. Even though we are equipped with various analytical technique, we consider the NAA still playing very important role in the analysis of inorganic trace chemical contents in the environmental samples. The reasons due to advantages offered by the nuclear analytical technique such as of it ability to be carried out instrumentally, for a relatively small quantity of samples with good sensitivity. We analysed slightly more than 2,000 samples peryear and about 60% of the samples analysed entirely by the NAA technique. We believed the number of samples analysed will further increase if we apply proper QC/QA procedure to enhance the quality of generated data. To achieved this objective we participated in the IAEA/RCA regional program entitled Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) in Nuclear Analytical Technique. In addition to the QC/QA program, we are also will further equipped our analytical systems with additional gamma spectrometer systems and automatic sample changer. It is envisaged that the additional equipments will be made available next year. The additional equipment will enable us to analyse more samples. (author)

  15. Application of NAA and related analytical facilities at MINT, Malaysia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Analytical Chemistry Laboratory of MINT equipped with analytical equipments to analyse trace chemical components that are important for various field of studies particularly the environmental studies. Even though we are equipped with various analytical technique, we consider the NAA still playing very important role in the analysis of inorganic trace chemical contents in the environmental samples. The reasons due to advantages offered by the nuclear analytical technique such as of it ability to be carried out instrumentally, for a relatively small quantity of samples with good sensitivity. We analysed slightly more than 2,000 samples peryear and about 60% of the samples analysed entirely by the NAA technique. We believed the number of samples analysed will further increase if we apply proper QC/QA procedure to enhance the quality of generated data. To achieved this objective we participated in the IAEA/RCA regional program entitled Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) in Nuclear Analytical Technique. In addition to the QC/QA program, we are also will further equipped our analytical systems with additional gamma spectrometer systems and automatic sample changer. It is envisaged that the additional equipments will be made available next year. The additional equipment will enable us to analyse more samples. (author)

  16. Numerical and analytical assessment of elastic properties of metal foams - a comparative study of modulus-porosity relations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Koudelka_ml., P.; Jiroušek, O.; Doktor, Tomáš; Zlámal, Petr; Fíla, Tomáš

    Wuppertal : Institute for statics and dynamics of structures. University of Wuppertal, 2014 - (Harte, R.) ISBN N. [Experimental methods and numerical simulation in engineering science. Bilateral Czech/German symposium. /14./. Wuppertal (DE), 04.06.2014-07.06.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP105/12/0824 Institutional support: RVO:68378297 Keywords : metal foams * modulus-porosity relations * finite element method * compression * effective elastic properties Subject RIV: JI - Composite Materials

  17. Analytical and critical thinking skills in public relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalibor Jakus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents more or less independent reasons why analytical and critical thinking skills should be essential part of public relations. Generally, it is considered that the analytical and critical thinking skills are part of public relations, as well as creative thinking, but they should be considered separately and given the codes of ethics of the profession used as initial criteria. For the purpose of the study, in this article is presented the result of the survey in which determine importance of using analytical and critical thinking skills in the implementation of PR projects. The second aim in the survey was to identify the target audience and how they react to the placed information.

  18. Investigation of the prevalence of female genital tract tuberculosis and its relation to female infertility:An observational analytical study

    OpenAIRE

    Shahzad, Sughra

    2012-01-01

    Background: Genital tuberculosis is a common entity in gynecological practice particularly among infertile patients. It is rare in developed countries but is an important cause of infertility in developing countries. Objective: The present study has investigated the prevalence of female genital tract tuberculosis (FGT) among infertile patients, which was conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit-I, Allied Hospital, affiliated with Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Materials ...

  19. Remarkable analytic relations among greybody parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Elia, Davide

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we derive and discuss several implications of the analytic form of a modified blackbody, also called greybody, which is widely used in Astrophysics, and in particular in the study of star formation in the far-infrared/sub-millimeter domain. The research in this area has been greatly improved thanks to recent observations taken with the Herschel satellite, so that it became important to clarify the sense of the greybody approximation, to suggest possible further uses, and to delimi its intervals of validity. First, we discuss the position of the greybody peak, making difference between the optically thin and thick regimes. Second, we analyze the behavior of bolometric quantities as a function of the different greybody parameters. The ratio between the bolometric luminosity and the mass of a source, the ratio between the so-called "sub-millimeter luminosity" and the bolometric one, and the bolometric temperature are observables used to characterize the evolutionary stage of a source, and it is of ...

  20. Analytical Study Of Reinforced Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam A. Dahaam

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Nonlinear finite element analyses is carried out using the ANSYS11 program to predict the ultimate load for two different types of reinforced concrete continuous two-span deep beams. Results of comparing analytical with  experimental data demonstrates the accuracy of the program. The effects of longitudinal reinforcement and web openings are studied and showed that the longitudinal reinforcement at top and middle region has little effect on the ultimate load, and the effect of web opening location has  great effect on the ultimate load especially when the load path passes through the openings centerline. Web opening location also has  great effect on values and distribution of shear and normal stresses especially at opening region.   

  1. Workplace monitoring and occupational health studies at the centre for production of phosphorus mineral fertilizers, Voskresensk (Moscow Region, Russian Federation), using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The phosphate fertilizer production has a pathological impact on its occupational staff causing fluorosis, respiratory and other diseases. Nuclear and related analytical techniques such as NAA, AAS, and XRF were used to establish correlation between the concentrations of elemental pollutants in raw materials, byproducts, humans, and the workplace. This, in turn, allowed us to determine how man's biosubstrates can be used to follow the rate of pathological changes in the organism as it is being exposed to intense technogenic environments. For the first time an attempt was made to elucidate the problem Phosphate Fertilizer - Occupational Health. The most typical associations of element-pollutants in the shops and premises of the 'Mineral Ferlilizer' plant in Voskresensk, Russian Federation, were revealed while monitoring the workplace. The monitoring strategy developed in our study for this kind of industry in Russia is offered for dissemination at similar fertilizer plants in any part of the world. (author)

  2. Analytical Study of Oxalates Coprecipitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana MARTA

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the establishing of the oxalates coprecipitation conditions in view of the synthesis of superconducting systems. A systematic analytical study of the oxalates precipitation conditions has been performed, for obtaining superconducting materials, in the Bi Sr-Ca-Cu-O system. For this purpose, the formulae of the precipitates solubility as a function of pH and oxalate excess were established. The possible formation of hydroxo-complexes and soluble oxalato-complexes was taken into account. A BASIC program was used for tracing the precipitation curves. The curves of the solubility versus pH for different oxalate excess have plotted for the four oxalates, using a logaritmic scale. The optimal conditions for the quantitative oxalate coprecipitation have been deduced from the diagrams. The theoretical curves were confirmed by experimental results. From the precursors obtained by this method, the BSCCO superconducting phases were obtained by an appropriate thermal treatment. The formation of the superconducting phases was identified by X-ray diffraction analysis.

  3. A study on environmental pollution monitoring and occupational health in the Capital Iron and Steel Company, Beijing, China, using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the First Research Coordination Meeting in Vienna, 20-24 October 1997, on the CRP on Assessment of Levels and Health-effects of Airborne Particulate Matter in Mining, Metal Refining and Metal Working Industries using Nuclear and related Analytical Techniques, our research group has completed the work plan defined by the contract with the Agency, including: (1) collection of airborne particulate, plant and soil samples from sites around the Capital Iron and Steel Company and of human hair, urine, and blood samples from the exposed workers and the control group; (2) validation of the analytical methods (NAA, XRF, SRXRF, JCP-AES etc.) by analyzing appropriate reference materials and by participating in relevant Agency's quality assurance exercises; and (3) analysis of part of the collected samples and preliminary discussion on the available analytical results. Finally, plan for future work was outlined as well. (author)

  4. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals in transilvanian plateau of romania studied by the moss bio monitoring Technique employing nuclear and related analytical Techniques and gis technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents data for 39 elements of 69 moss samples (Hypnum cupressiforme) collected in the Transilvanian Plateau of Romania. This results have obtained in the framework of the project Atmospheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Rural and Urban Areas of Romania Studied by the Moss Bio monitoring Technique Employing Nuclear and Related Analytical Techniques and GIS Technology carried out under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.The samples collected have been analyzed by ENAA with the exception of Cu, Cd, and Pb which were determined by AAS. IAEA certified materials were used to ensure the quality of the measurements. The regional concentration variations of selected elements are presented in the form of maps constructed by GIS technology. Extremely high values are observed for elements such as Cu, Zn, As and Sb in parts of this territory affected by local metal industries. The levels are among the highest observed in the world, and could be partly responsible for the unfortunate health situation in some of these areas

  5. Development of health-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Related to the programme based on Nuclear Methods for Health-Related Monitoring of Trace Element Pollutants in Man initiated by I.A.E.A. in 1978, our laboratory (L.A.R.N.) has developed and optimized samples preparation techniques for hair analysis without dissolution and preconcentration or chemical separation, and PIXE non vacuum technique for measurement of biological samples such as liquids. The results obtained at L.A.R.N. have been compared with results obtained by the other techniques, and it is found that PIXE can be used with reliability to analyse in a short time a lot of biological samples. (author)

  6. Present status and future subjects of the analytical studies related with application of charged particles and RI to materials science and biotechnology

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The position in the research field of radiation application of Theoretical Analysis Group for Radiation Application' which will be set up within fiscal 2003, and the relation between the research that this analytical group will advance in future and the analytical research made so far at Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Establishment (JAERI, Takasaki) are summarized. Since the JAERI Takasaki was founded as the center of the research and development on radiation chemistry, a lot of outcomes have been obtained in the research and development of radiation application using large-sized sup 6 sup 0 Co gamma ray irradiation facilities and high power electron accelerators, etc. After the ion irradiation research facility (TIARA) started operation, many outstanding outcomes have been obtained in the research of up-to-date science and technologies in the fields of material science and bio-technology, etc., making use of ions in addition to gamma rays and electron beams. Although these results of the research are mainly pr...

  7. Selecting public relations personnel of hospitals by analytic network process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Sen-Kuei; Chang, Kuei-Lun

    2009-01-01

    This study describes the use of analytic network process (ANP) in the Taiwanese hospital public relations personnel selection process. Starting with interviewing 48 practitioners and executives in north Taiwan, we collected selection criteria. Then, we retained the 12 critical criteria that were mentioned above 40 times by theses respondents, including: interpersonal skill, experience, negotiation, language, ability to follow orders, cognitive ability, adaptation to environment, adaptation to company, emotion, loyalty, attitude, and Response. Finally, we discussed with the 20 executives to take these important criteria into three perspectives to structure the hierarchy for hospital public relations personnel selection. After discussing with practitioners and executives, we find that selecting criteria are interrelated. The ANP, which incorporates interdependence relationships, is a new approach for multi-criteria decision-making. Thus, we apply ANP to select the most optimal public relations personnel of hospitals. An empirical study of public relations personnel selection problems in Taiwan hospitals is conducted to illustrate how the selection procedure works. PMID:19197656

  8. A study on environmental pollution monitoring and occupational health in the capital iron and steel company, Beijing, China, using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The atmospheric pollution in some Chinese cities is becoming more and more serious with the industrial development and urbanization in the past decades. The airborne particulate concentration in Beijing, the Capital of China, far exceeds the allowable level set by the Chinese government and by the related international organizations. The main contribution source for the Beijing atmospheric particles is the Capital Iron and Steel Company that constitutes 55% of total airborne particulate in Beijing. In the framework of this Coordinated Research Project organized by IAEA, this company was selected as a target workplace. The instrumental neutron activation analysis, proton induced X ray emission analysis, synchronous radiation X ray fluorescence spectrometry and other related techniques were applied to determine the concentrations of some target elements, such as heavy metals and toxic elements, in environmental samples (including airborne particles, soil and plants) and human samples (including head hair, urine and blood) collected from workers and staff members at this company. In the meantime, a surrounding region and a clean region were selected as control. All the analytical results obtained during this CRP period are presented here with statistical treatment of human health survey. Some significant conclusions and suggestion to alleviate or control the pollution are also outlined as well. (author)

  9. Present status and future subjects of the analytical studies related with application of charged particles and RI to materials science and biotechnology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-03-01

    The position in the research field of radiation application of Theoretical Analysis Group for Radiation Application' which will be set up within fiscal 2003, and the relation between the research that this analytical group will advance in future and the analytical research made so far at Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Establishment (JAERI, Takasaki) are summarized. Since the JAERI Takasaki was founded as the center of the research and development on radiation chemistry, a lot of outcomes have been obtained in the research and development of radiation application using large-sized {sup 60}Co gamma ray irradiation facilities and high power electron accelerators, etc. After the ion irradiation research facility (TIARA) started operation, many outstanding outcomes have been obtained in the research of up-to-date science and technologies in the fields of material science and bio-technology, etc., making use of ions in addition to gamma rays and electron beams. Although these results of the research are mainly produced experimentally, theoretical analyses also are thought to be important because these results will be applied and expanded in future. We aim to set up 'Theoretical Analysis Group for Radiation Application' in fiscal 2003, and we aim at performing theoretical and engineering analyses about phenomena and things such as radiation chemical reactions, irradiation/implantation effects to semiconductors, model for plant function, etc. The irradiation effects of charged particles to materials are divided into the primary effects like generation of radicals and lattice defects, etc., which occurs immediately after charged particles impinge on materials, and the secondary effects like chemical changes and physical changes caused in materials as a result of the primary effects. The subjects of our analytical research are the analyses of the secondary effects and the systems which utilize the chemical and the physical changes to the radiation application

  10. An analytic relation for the thickness of accretion flows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    We take the vertical distribution of the radial and azimuthal velocities into account in spherical coordinates,and find that the analytic relation cs0/υKΘ = [(γ-1)/2γ]1/2 is valid for both geometrically thin and thick accretion flows,where cs0 is the sound speed on the equatorial plane,υK is the Keplerian velocity,Θ is the half-opening angle of the flow,and γ is the adiabatic index.

  11. Incident detection and isolation in drilling using analytical redundancy relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willersrud, Anders; Blanke, Mogens; Imsland, Lars

    2015-01-01

    must be avoided. This paper employs model-based diagnosis using analytical redundancy relations to obtain residuals which are affected differently by the different incidents. Residuals are found to be non-Gaussian - they follow a multivariate t-distribution - hence, a dedicated generalized likelihood...... measurements available. In the latter case, isolation capability is shown to be reduced to group-wise isolation, but the method would still detect all serious events with the prescribed false alarm probability...

  12. AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SWITCHING TRACTION MOTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Bezruchenko

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The analytical study of switching of the tractive engines of electric locomotives is conducted. It is found that the obtained curves of change of current of the sections commuted correspond to the theory of average rectilinear switching. By means of the proposed method it is possible on the stage of design of tractive engines to forecast the quality of switching and to correct it timely.

  13. Skin Autofluorescence in Systemic Sclerosis Is Related to the Disease and Vascular Damage: A Cross-Sectional Analytic Study of Comparative Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta Dadoniene

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Skin autofluorescence (AF, a relatively simple and time saving procedure, measures the accumulation of advanced glycation end (AGE products. The importance in autoimmune rheumatic diseases, particularly, systemic sclerosis (SSc, has not been evaluated yet. The aim of our study was to examine the skin AF in the context of SSc patients and to analyse the relations between skin AF and other surrogate measures of atherosclerosis. Forty-seven patients with SSc and 47 healthy volunteers were included in this study as controls. Patients and controls underwent common carotid artery wall assessment, arterial stiffness and wave reflection measurements, laser Doppler measurements of capillary flow, assessment of endothelial function by brachial ultrasound, peripheral arterial tonometry, and AGE measurement by skin AF. Wall properties of the common carotid arteries and wave reflection measurements were not affected in these study patients compared to controls while measures reflecting small capillary flow were altered. The accumulation of AGE products measured by skin AF was more prominent in SSc patients than in healthy controls. AGE products’ score was significantly associated with carotid radial pulse wave velocity, intima media/carotid artery diameter ratio, capillary flow percentage change during occlusion, and the disease itself in a multivariate linear analysis model.

  14. Analytical Similarity Assessment in Biosimilar Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Shein-Chung; Song, Fuyu; Bai, He

    2016-05-01

    For assessment of biosimilarity, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends a stepwise approach for obtaining the totality-of-the-evidence for demonstrating biosimilarity between a proposed biosimilar product and an innovative (reference) biological product. The stepwise approach starts with analytical studies for functional and structural characterization at various stages of manufacturing process of the proposed biosimilar product. Analytical similarity assessment involves identification of critical quality attributes (CQAs) that are relevant to clinical outcomes. FDA proposes first classifying the identified CQAs into three tiers according to their criticality or risking ranking relevant to clinical outcomes and then performing equivalence test (for CQAs in Tier 1), quality range approach (for CQAs in Tier 2), and raw data or graphical presentation (for CQAs in Tier 3) for obtaining totality-of-the-evidence for demonstrating biosimilarity between the proposed biosimilar product with the reference product. In practice, some debatable issues are evitably raised due to this complicated process of analytical similarity assessment. In this article, these debatable are described and discussed. PMID:26873509

  15. An analytical study of mismatched complementary media

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Lin; Ma, Hongru

    2016-01-01

    Complementary media (CM) interacting with arbitrarily situated obstacles are usually less discussed. In this paper, an analytical framework based on multiple scattering theory is established for analyzing such a mismatched case. As examples, CM-based devices, i.e., a superlens and superscatterer, are discussed. From an analysis, the cancellation mechanism of the mismatched CM is studied. In addition, numerical results are provided for illustration. Moreover, further study shows that such cancellation effects might rely on specific conditions. Actually, the conclusions are not restricted to any specific frequencies; they could be extended to many other areas including applications to active cloaking, antennas, and wireless power transfer.

  16. New analytical strategies in studying drug metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staack, Roland F; Hopfgartner, Gérard

    2007-08-01

    Identification and elucidation of the structures of metabolites play major roles in drug discovery and in the development of pharmaceutical compounds. These studies are also important in toxicology or doping control with either pharmaceuticals or illicit drugs. This review focuses on: new analytical strategies used to identify potential metabolites in biological matrices with and without radiolabeled drugs; use of software for metabolite profiling; interpretation of product spectra; profiling of reactive metabolites; development of new approaches for generation of metabolites; and detection of metabolites with increased sensitivity and simplicity. Most of the new strategies involve mass spectrometry (MS) combined with liquid chromatography (LC). PMID:17583803

  17. [Critical reading of analytical observational studies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Villar, C; Marín León, I

    2015-11-01

    Analytical observational studies provide very important information about real-life clinical practice and the natural history of diseases and can suggest causality. Furthermore, they are very common in scientific journals. The aim of this article is to review the main concepts necessary for the critical reading of articles about radiological studies with observational designs. It reviews the characteristics that case-control and cohort studies must have to ensure high quality. It explains a method of critical reading that involves checking the attributes that should be evaluated in each type of article using a structured list of specific questions. It underlines the main characteristics that confer credibility and confidence on the article evaluated. Readers are provided with tools for the critical analysis of the observational studies published in scientific journals. PMID:26123855

  18. Nuclear and Related Analytical Techniques Used to Study the Anthropogenic Impact on the Sister River in the Vicinity of the Town of Klin (Moscow Region, Russia)

    CERN Document Server

    Morzhukhina, S V; Chermnykh, L P; Khodakovsky, L P; Frontasyeva, M V; Gundorina, S F

    2001-01-01

    The ecological fate of small rivers, tributaries of the Volga River, is of great concern in the national program of the Russian Federation "Restoration of the Volga River". The results on the elaborated hydrochemical and saprobiological water examination of the Sister River are reported along with the results on the multielement chemical analysis of surface sediments in the catchment of the town of Klin (Moscow Region) known for its numerous industrial and chemical enterprises with heavy contaminant inputs. Epithermal neutron activation analysis was used to study heavy metals and other toxic elements in bottom sediments. A total of 42 elements including Pb, Cu, Cd and Hg were determined by polarography (method of inverse voltamperometry). Metal/Al rations which express the relative mobility of the elements follow the sequence: Fe > Mg > K > Na > Ca >> Zr > Mn > Zn = Sr > Cr > V > Ni = As > Co. Elevated concentrations of Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu in the bottom sediments of the Sister River reinforced us to determine t...

  19. Analytical bunch compression studies for FLUTE

    CERN Document Server

    Schreck, M

    2014-01-01

    The current article deals with analytical bunch compression studies for FLUTE whose results are compared to simulations. FLUTE is a linac-based electron accelerator with a design energy of approximately 40 MeV currently being constructed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. One of the goals of FLUTE is to generate electron bunches with their length lying in the femtosecond regime. In the first phase this will be accomplished using a magnetic bunch compressor. This compressor forms the subject of the studies presented. The paper is divided into three parts. The first part deals with pure geometric investigations of the bunch compressor where space charge effects and the back reaction of bunches with coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) are neglected. The second part is dedicated to the treatment of space charge effects and the third part gives some analytical results on the emission of CSR. The upshot is that the results of the first and the third part agree quite well with what is obtained from simulatio...

  20. Analyticity and Forward Dispersion Relations in Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Chaichian, Masud; Tureanu, A; Vernov, Yu S; Vernov, Yu. S.

    2003-01-01

    We derive the analytical properties of the elastic forward scattering amplitude of two scalar particles from the axioms of the noncommutative quantum field theory. For the case of only space-space noncommutativity, i.e. $theta_{0i}=0$, we prove the dispersion relation which is similar to the one in commutative quantum field theory. The proof in this case is based on the existence of the analog of the usual microcausality condition and uses the Lehmann-Symanzik-Zimmermann (LSZ) or equivalently the Bogoliubov-Medvedev-Polivanov (BMP) reduction formalisms. The existence of the latter formalisms is also shown. We remark on the general noncommutative case, $theta_{0i}neq0$, as well as on the nonforward scattering amplitude and mention their peculiarities.

  1. Analytic scattering kernels for neutron thermalization studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current plans call for the inclusion of a liquid hydrogen or deuterium cold source in the NRU replacement vessel. This report is part of an ongoing study of neutron thermalization in such a cold source. Here, we develop a simple analytical model for the scattering kernel of monatomic and diatomic liquids. We also present the results of extensive numerical calculations based on this model for liquid hydrogen, liquid deuterium, and mixtures of the two. These calculations demonstrate the dependence of the scattering kernel on the incident and scattered-neutron energies, the behavior near rotational thresholds, the dependence on the centre-of-mass pair correlations, the dependence on the ortho concentration, and the dependence on the deuterium concentration in H2/D2 mixtures. The total scattering cross sections are also calculated and compared with available experimental results

  2. Analytical study of dissipative solitary waves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dini, Fatemeh [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Emamzadeh, Mehdi Molaie [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khorasani, Sina [School of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, PO Box 11365-363, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bobin, Jean Louis [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France); Amrollahi, Reza [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sodagar, Majid [School of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, PO Box 11365-363, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khoshnegar, Milad [School of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, PO Box 11365-363, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-02-15

    In this paper, the analytical solution to a new class of nonlinear solitons is presented with cubic nonlinearity, subject to a dissipation term arising as a result of a first-order derivative with respect to time, in the weakly nonlinear regime. Exact solutions are found using the combination of the perturbation and Green's function methods up to the third order. We present an example and discuss the asymptotic behavior of the Green's function. The dissipative solitary equation is also studied in the phase space in the non-dissipative and dissipative forms. Bounded and unbounded solutions of this equation are characterized, yielding an energy conversation law for non-dissipative waves. Applications of the model include weakly nonlinear solutions of terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors and ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability.

  3. Analytical study of dissipative solitary waves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the analytical solution to a new class of nonlinear solitons is presented with cubic nonlinearity, subject to a dissipation term arising as a result of a first-order derivative with respect to time, in the weakly nonlinear regime. Exact solutions are found using the combination of the perturbation and Green's function methods up to the third order. We present an example and discuss the asymptotic behavior of the Green's function. The dissipative solitary equation is also studied in the phase space in the non-dissipative and dissipative forms. Bounded and unbounded solutions of this equation are characterized, yielding an energy conversation law for non-dissipative waves. Applications of the model include weakly nonlinear solutions of terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors and ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability

  4. Convection of Moist Saturated Air: Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Zakinyan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, the steady-state stationary thermal convection of moist saturated air in a lower atmosphere has been studied theoretically. Thermal convection was considered without accounting for the Coriolis force, and with only the vertical temperature gradient. The analytical solution of geophysical fluid dynamics equations, which generalizes the formulation of the moist convection problem, is obtained in the two-dimensional case. The stream function is derived in the Boussinesq approximation with velocity divergence taken as zero. It has been shown that the stream function is asymmetrical in vertical direction contrary to the dry and moist unsaturated air convection. It has been demonstrated that the convection in moist atmosphere strongly depends on the vapor mass fraction gradient.

  5. A study on environmental pollution monitoring and occupational health in the capital iron and steel company, Beijing, China, using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The atmosphere pollution in some Chinese cities is becoming more and more serious with the industrial development in the past decades. The airborne particulate concentration in Beijing, the Capital of China, far exceeds the allowable level set by the Chinese government and by the related international organizations. The main contribution source for the Beijing atmospheric particulate is the Capital Iron and Steel Company, which constitutes 55% of total air-borne particulate in Beijing. In the framework of this CRP organized by IAEA, we select this company as a target workplace. The INAA (instrumental neutron activation analysis), PIXE (proton induced X-ray emission analysis), SRXRF (synchronous radiation X-ray fluorescence spectrometry) and other related techniques will be applied to determine the concentrations of some target elements, e.g. heavy metal and toxic elements, in environmental samples (including airborne particulate, soil and plants) and human samples (including head hair, urine and blood) collected from this company, its surrounding region and a non-polluted region as a control. The activity completed at the first year and the working plan for next year is outlined in this report. Other related information will be dealt with as well. (author)

  6. IMPACT OF CONSTRUCTS OF QUALITY OF WORK LIFE IN RELATION TO WOMEN LABORERS UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT( MGNREGA: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Pandey and Dr. B.K. Jha

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Human resource is one of the fundamental factors influencing the development of a nation. The socio-economic and political position of a nation is very much dependent on how it recruits, motivates and retains its workforce? In present scenario it is very essential to keep in mind the importance of Quality of Work Life for employees while drafting the various national schemes which intend to provide quality of life to people. This is because QWL is an integral part of quality of life. The present study aims at identifying the various constructs of QWL responsible in affecting the QWL of employees particularly in the case of women workers in rural area. The constructs of QWL discussed in the present study include safe work environment, equitable wages, equal employment opportunities and opportunities for advancement. (Mirvis and Lawler,1984. The whole study has been framed from the perspective of women workers employed under MGNREGA. Further, the study attempts to find out how far they have been taken into consideration by the policy drafters of MGNREGA particularly for women employees and suggests the measures for improving QWL among MGNREGA employees particularly in the case of women. The study concludes that the important constructs of QWL have been taken into consideration while drafting MGNREGA but there is still much that must be done to strengthen womens‟ situation in rural areas .The suggestions for the same have been enumerated and the implications of the study discussed.

  7. Microwave magnetoelectric fields: An analytical study of topological characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joffe, R., E-mail: ioffr1@gmail.com [Microwave Magnetic Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva (Israel); Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Shamoon College of Engineering, Beer Sheva (Israel); Shavit, R.; Kamenetskii, E.O. [Microwave Magnetic Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva (Israel)

    2015-10-15

    The near fields originated from a small quasi-two-dimensional ferrite disk with magnetic-dipolar-mode (MDM) oscillations are the fields with broken dual (electric-magnetic) symmetry. Numerical studies show that such fields – called the magnetoelectric (ME) fields – are distinguished by the power-flow vortices and helicity parameters (E.O. Kamenetskii, R. Joffe, R. Shavit, Phys. Rev. E 87 (2013) 023201). These numerical studies can well explain recent experimental results with MDM ferrite disks. In the present paper, we obtain analytically topological characteristics of the ME-field modes. For this purpose, we used a method of successive approximations. In the second approximation we take into account the influence of the edge regions of an open ferrite disk, which are excluded in the first-approximation solving of the magnetostatic (MS) spectral problem. Based on the analytical method, we obtain a “pure” structure of the electric and magnetic fields outside the MDM ferrite disk. The analytical studies can display some fundamental features that are non-observable in the numerical results. While in numerical investigations, one cannot separate the ME fields from the external electromagnetic (EM) radiation, the present theoretical analysis allows clearly distinguish the eigen topological structure of the ME fields. Importantly, this ME-field structure gives evidence for certain phenomena that can be related to the Tellegen and bianisotropic coupling effects. We discuss the question whether the MDM ferrite disk can exhibit properties of the cross magnetoelectric polarizabilities. - Highlights: • We obtain analytically topological characteristics of the ME-field modes. • We take into account the influence of the edge regions of an open ferrite disk. • We obtain a “pure” structure of the electromagnetic fields outside the ferrite disk. • Analytical studies show features that are non-observable in the numerical results. • ME-field gives evidence for

  8. Isotopic composition of pore water in the Tournemire argilites (Aveyron, France): inter-comparison study of analytical methods and relations with petrophysical parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stable isotope profiles of pore water in argillaceous rocks are used to characterize fluid migration through these rocks. However, the very low water contents, less than 5% by wet weight, and the small pore sizes (<10 nm) make difficult the access to pore water. In order to assess the representativeness of stable isotopes data in pore water from Tournemire shale (IRSN experimental facility), we made a comparative study by using vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C and 150 deg. C, diffusion in liquid phase and diffusive exchange in vapour phase, together with a study of petrophysical and mineralogical properties of the rock. The results show a good agreement between the water contents determined by heating and vacuum distillation at 150 deg. C and by equilibration techniques. On the other hand, vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C allows to extract less than 90% of the extractable water by heating at 150 deg. C; leading to a depletion in heavy isotopes of extracted water, which can be corrected by using a Rayleigh-type model. Finally, we studied a perpendicular profile to a fracture in order to determine the origin of heavy isotope enrichment of pore water that was observed, in previous works, in the vicinity of fractures (less than one meter). It seems that water content, which increases near the fracture, associated with a more important proportion of bigger pores (φ ∼ 10 - 180 nm), would be at the origin of the isotopic anomalies determined by vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C. Preponderance of bigger pores near the fractures would facilitate mobilization of pore water and its extraction by vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C, reducing the effects of incomplete distillation. (author)

  9. Use of nuclear and related analytical techniques in studying human exposure to toxic elements consumed through foodstuffs contaminated by industrial activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contaminated by industrial activities foodstuffs seem to be important but less studied source of human over-intake of trace elements including toxic ones. For Uzbekistan it is very important that the typical local diet includes mainly the local food - meat, milk, rice, potatoes, vegetables, and fruits. Because of lack of irrigated arable lands and pastures many farms (state and private) are situated very close to the industrial sources of contaminants and roads (problem of leaded gas). Additional contamination of food is caused by application of phosphate fertilisers (fluorine, uranium, etc.). After making a huge number of analyses in many cases we found significantly elevated concentration of some trace-elements (including toxic ones) in local foodstuffs. Quality of food is monitored very randomly for very limited number of toxicants like nitrates, pesticides, mercury, etc. The quality of food provided and sold on small markets (bazaars) by private producers is out of toxic elements monitoring. That means that having some information on average local diet in terms of proteins, carbohydrates, calories, etc. Uzbekistan practically has not systemised information about the body burden by over-intake of some trace-elements (including toxic ones) which could be compared with the regional medical statistics. There are several heavily contaminated areas in Uzbekistan. For the proposed CRP should be chosen the following two - Amalyk (city with non-ferrous metals factory, phosphate fertilisers factory, chemical factory, etc. This city is situated close to row-cement factory, coal mines, and decommissioned uranium mines and mill sites), and, possibly, Samarkand (city with phosphate fertilisers factory and other sources. In addition this city is situated in Hg-Sb biogeochemical province with naturally elevated levels of some toxic elements). Available at present is information of an environment contamination, human hair composition, and health status. In process are other

  10. Nuclear analytical techniques for nanotoxicology studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Z.Y.; Zhao, Y.L.; Chai, Z.F. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China). Key Lab for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety

    2011-07-01

    With the rapid development of nanotechnology and its applications, a wide variety of nanomaterials are now used in commodities, pharmaceutics, cosmetics, biomedical products, and industries. The potential interactions of nanomaterials with living systems and the environment have attracted increasing attention from the public, as well as from manufacturers of nanomaterial-based products, academic researchers and policymakers. It is important to consider the environmental, health and safety aspects at an early stage of nanomaterial development and application in order to more effectively identify and manage potential human and environmental health impacts from nanomaterial exposure. This will require research in a range of areas, including detection and characterization, environmental fate and transport, ecotoxicology and toxicology. Nuclear analytical techniques (NATs) can play an important role in such studies due to their intrinsic merits such as high sensitivity, good accuracy, high space resolution, ability to distinguish the endogenous or exogenous sources of materials, and ability of in situ and in vivo analysis. In this paper, the applications of NATs in nanotoxicological and nano-ecotoxicological studies are outlined, and some recent results obtained in our laboratory are reported. (orig.)

  11. Nuclear analytical techniques for nanotoxicology studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the rapid development of nanotechnology and its applications, a wide variety of nanomaterials are now used in commodities, pharmaceutics, cosmetics, biomedical products, and industries. The potential interactions of nanomaterials with living systems and the environment have attracted increasing attention from the public, as well as from manufacturers of nanomaterial-based products, academic researchers and policymakers. It is important to consider the environmental, health and safety aspects at an early stage of nanomaterial development and application in order to more effectively identify and manage potential human and environmental health impacts from nanomaterial exposure. This will require research in a range of areas, including detection and characterization, environmental fate and transport, ecotoxicology and toxicology. Nuclear analytical techniques (NATs) can play an important role in such studies due to their intrinsic merits such as high sensitivity, good accuracy, high space resolution, ability to distinguish the endogenous or exogenous sources of materials, and ability of in situ and in vivo analysis. In this paper, the applications of NATs in nanotoxicological and nano-ecotoxicological studies are outlined, and some recent results obtained in our laboratory are reported. (orig.)

  12. A pilot study of the selenium content in the soils of the endemic Dobrogea region, Romania, using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, there is growing interest in the understanding of the role of selenium in human and animal metabolism. Selenium is known to be a normal component of several enzymes, proteins and some aminoacrylic transfer nucleic acids. Low levels of selenium intake are reported to cause diseases such as cardiomyopathy (Keshan disease), cancer and endemic osteoarthropathy characterized by necrosis of cartilage and dystrophy of skeletal muscles (Kaschin-Beck disease). In conjunction with the vitamin E, it removes free radicals from the living organisms. About two-to-three orders of magnitude higher levels of selenium are known to impart toxic effects. The Dobrogea Region in Romania is known for endemic cardiovascular diseases affecting domestic cattle, mostly sheep and milk cows. Soil, being the source of selenium, is responsible for its content in the whole trophic chain. A limited number of soil samples collected in the pastures (Dobrogea) were subject to epithermal neutron activation analysis at the IBR-2 pulsed fast reactor in Dubna, Russia. To verify the obtained results, the same samples were analyzed by the fluorescent extraction method, especially efficient for determination of selenium at low concentrations, at the Geological Institute of RAS in Moscow, Russia. The mean concentration of selenium was found to be equal to 0.38 ppm with a standard deviation of 0.13. The accuracy of the selenium determination was not worse than 20%. These preliminary results are not evidence of obvious selenium deficiency, however. A systematic study on a large geographical scale is strongly recommended to elucidate the problem of cattle morbidity in the examined area. (authors)

  13. Catalyst Kinetics Analytical Method Study of Ruthenium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kou ming-ze; Zhan hui-ying; Kou zong-yan

    2004-01-01

    Color reactions are used to determine ruthenium utilizing spectrophotometer, but the process need high temperature, long time pyrogenation and miscellaneous extraction and it contaminates the enviroment. As the sensitive degree and simple apparatus of catalyst kinetics analytical method, it was extensively attentcd. The fundmental principle means to determinn a certain chemistry reaction rate accelerated by homogeneous catalyst and determine substantial content using the function of the numerical value of of its and the catalyst concentration. Color acid double azo-reagents (chloro-phosphor group, arsenic group and carboxylic acid group) are sensitive color reagent determining uranium and thorium of lanthanon, but the report is few that it is used to determine ruthenium. Since 1990s, the author studied that the ruthenium was possessed evident catalysis to the fade reaction of oxidant (KIO4, KBrO3) oxidating color acid double azo-reagent in acitidy medium and provided the catalyst kinetics analytical method to determine trace ruthenium.sensitive degree was increased 1 ~2 amount than color reaction. The reaction as:The original concentration of color acid double azo-reagents is A. The instantaneous absorbency after t reaction time is At. In homogeneous catalyst reaction: log(A0/At) = KCRu3+t. Reaction time t is invarible, so log(A0/At) = K' CRu3+t.Color acid double azo-reagents, such as: chlor-azochlorphosphor(CPA-TC),bromic-azochlorphosphor (CPA-TB), DBS-azochlorphosphor(DBS-CPA), DBC-azochlorphosphor (DBC-CPA), DBOK-azochlorpho sphor (DBOK-CPA), p-iodineazochlorphosphor(CPA-PI),p-acetylazochlorphosphor (CPA-PA), azochlorpho sphorⅢ(CPAⅢ), chlor-azoarsenic (TC-AsA),bromic-azoarsenic (TB-AsA), DBS-azoarsenic(DCS-AsA), DCS-azoarsenic(DCS-AsA),azoarsenicⅢ(AsAⅢ), bromicnityrlazoarsenic (DBN-AsA), P-acetylcarboxy lazo-p,P-acetylcarboxylazo, were utilized in catalyst kinetics system. The author obtains the satisfactory results that color acid double azo-rea gents

  14. An analytical study of double bend achromat lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhri, Ali Akbar; Kant, Pradeep; Singh, Gurnam; Ghodke, A. D.

    2015-03-01

    In a double bend achromat, Chasman-Green (CG) lattice represents the basic structure for low emittance synchrotron radiation sources. In the basic structure of CG lattice single focussing quadrupole (QF) magnet is used to form an achromat. In this paper, this CG lattice is discussed and an analytical relation is presented, showing the limitation of basic CG lattice to provide the theoretical minimum beam emittance in achromatic condition. To satisfy theoretical minimum beam emittance parameters, achromat having two, three, and four quadrupole structures is presented. In this structure, different arrangements of QF and defocusing quadruple (QD) are used. An analytical approach assuming quadrupoles as thin lenses has been followed for studying these structures. A study of Indus-2 lattice in which QF-QD-QF configuration in the achromat part has been adopted is also presented.

  15. An analytical study of double bend achromat lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fakhri, Ali Akbar, E-mail: fakhri@rrcat.gov.in; Kant, Pradeep; Singh, Gurnam; Ghodke, A. D. [Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)

    2015-03-15

    In a double bend achromat, Chasman-Green (CG) lattice represents the basic structure for low emittance synchrotron radiation sources. In the basic structure of CG lattice single focussing quadrupole (QF) magnet is used to form an achromat. In this paper, this CG lattice is discussed and an analytical relation is presented, showing the limitation of basic CG lattice to provide the theoretical minimum beam emittance in achromatic condition. To satisfy theoretical minimum beam emittance parameters, achromat having two, three, and four quadrupole structures is presented. In this structure, different arrangements of QF and defocusing quadruple (QD) are used. An analytical approach assuming quadrupoles as thin lenses has been followed for studying these structures. A study of Indus-2 lattice in which QF-QD-QF configuration in the achromat part has been adopted is also presented.

  16. An analytical study of double bend achromat lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a double bend achromat, Chasman-Green (CG) lattice represents the basic structure for low emittance synchrotron radiation sources. In the basic structure of CG lattice single focussing quadrupole (QF) magnet is used to form an achromat. In this paper, this CG lattice is discussed and an analytical relation is presented, showing the limitation of basic CG lattice to provide the theoretical minimum beam emittance in achromatic condition. To satisfy theoretical minimum beam emittance parameters, achromat having two, three, and four quadrupole structures is presented. In this structure, different arrangements of QF and defocusing quadruple (QD) are used. An analytical approach assuming quadrupoles as thin lenses has been followed for studying these structures. A study of Indus-2 lattice in which QF-QD-QF configuration in the achromat part has been adopted is also presented

  17. Atmospheric aerosol studies using the 'Gent' stacked filter unit and other aerosol collectors, with multi-elemental analysis of the samples by nuclear-related analytical techniques. Appendix 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our research within the core programme of the Co-ordinated Research Programme (CRP) on Air Pollution is described. This included the analysis of the analytical quality control Nuclepore filter samples, work on the calibration of the PM10 inlet of the 'Gent' stacked filter unit (SFU) sampler, and an aerosol study with this SFU sampler at an urban residential site in Gent. The calibration of the Gent PM10 inlet was done through intercomparisons with commercially available PM10 samplers, and quite reasonable agreement was obtained. For the study at the urban residential site, a total of 118 SFU samples were collected. The samples were analyzed for the particulate mass, black carbon and up to 29 elements. The elements were measured by PIXE and short-irradiation INAA. Median atmospheric concentrations and enrichment factors were calculated for the fine and coarse size fractions, and average FINE/COARSE ratios were derived. The median concentrations were compared with those from a study, done at the same site in the fall of 1986. The levels of the automotive elements Pb and Br had decreased by a factor of about three relative to 1986, but most other elements exhibited very similar concentrations. A brief overview is given of the status in our various regional and global scale aerosol studies. Finally, our plans for future work are given. (author)

  18. Reviewing Data Visualization: an Analytical Taxonomical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues Jr, Jose F.; Traina, Agma J. M.; de Oliveira, Maria Cristina F.; Traina Jr., Caetano

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an analytical taxonomy that can suitably describe, rather than simply classify, techniques for data presentation. Unlike previous works, we do not consider particular aspects of visualization techniques, but their mechanisms and foundational vision perception. Instead of just adjusting visualization research to a classification system, our aim is to better understand its process. For doing so, we depart from elementary concepts to reach a model that can describe how visual...

  19. Analytical Operations Relate Structural and Functional Connectivity in the Brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saggio, Maria Luisa; Ritter, Petra; Jirsa, Viktor K.

    2016-01-01

    Resting-state large-scale brain models vary in the amount of biological elements they incorporate and in the way they are being tested. One might expect that the more realistic the model is, the closer it should reproduce real functional data. It has been shown, instead, that when linear correlation across long BOLD fMRI time-series is used as a measure for functional connectivity (FC) to compare simulated and real data, a simple model performs just as well, or even better, than more sophisticated ones. The model in question is a simple linear model, which considers the physiological noise that is pervasively present in our brain while it diffuses across the white-matter connections, that is structural connectivity (SC). We deeply investigate this linear model, providing an analytical solution to straightforwardly compute FC from SC without the need of computationally costly simulations of time-series. We provide a few examples how this analytical solution could be used to perform a fast and detailed parameter exploration or to investigate resting-state non-stationarities. Most importantly, by inverting the analytical solution, we propose a method to retrieve information on the anatomical structure directly from functional data. This simple method can be used to complement or guide DTI/DSI and tractography results, especially for a better assessment of inter-hemispheric connections, or to provide an estimate of SC when only functional data are available. PMID:27536987

  20. The Development of Bio-Analytical Techniques for the Treatment of Psoriasis and Related Skin Disorders.

    OpenAIRE

    Hollywood, Katherine

    2010-01-01

    AbstractThe University of ManchesterKatherine Anne Hollywood: June 2010Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Engineering and Physical SciencesThe Development of Bio-Analytical Techniques for the Treatment of Psoriasis and Related Skin Disorders.In this investigation a number of post-genomic technologies have be applied to study the dermatological disorders of psoriasis and keloid disease. In spite of considerable research focus on these diseases the pathogenesis remains unclear an...

  1. Backache amongst soldiers: a prospective analytical study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the occupational predispositions of low back pain in soldiers Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital, Bahawalpur, from June 2009 to Jan 2010. Patients and Methods: A questionnaire was developed to investigate the occupation-related issues in soldiers reporting with low backache in surgical OPD at CMH Bahawalpur. It included personal and occupational factors. The body mass index was also calculated. Of the 107 male soldiers assessed, 90 were enrolled into the study. The statistical analysis was performed by descriptive analysis of the data using SPSS 17.0. Results: Of all the soldiers evaluated (n=90), 32 (35.6%) were clerks/computer operators, 21 (23.1%) were drivers and 14(15.6%) were signal men. All were males (100%) and the average BMI was 24.8 kg/m2. The 69 (76.7%) patients who had backache had prolonged working hours (average 10.8 hours per day), 68 (75.6%) patients used to sleep over tape/nawar bed and only 12 (13.3%) had been sleeping on mattresses. The onset of pain was sudden in 58 (64.4%) patients. 27 (23.3%) had developed acute backache after prolonged sitting, 21 (30%) after lifting heavy objects. The pain was exaggerated by doing morning physical training 82 (91.1%), prolonged sitting 61 (67.8%) and standing with rifle 24 (26.7%). Conclusion: The prevalence of low back pain in sedentary occupation or soldiers on sitting jobs was higher 69 (76%). The number of working hours on these occupations was associated with occurrence as well as aggravation of low back pain. (author)

  2. Dispersant testing : a study on analytical test procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, ranging from small, volatile compounds to very large, non-volatile compounds. Analysis of the dispersed oil is crucial. This paper described Environment Canada's ongoing studies on various traits of dispersants. In particular, it describes small studies related to dispersant effectiveness and methods to improve analytical procedures. The study also re-evaluated the analytical procedure for the Swirling Flask Test, which is now part of the ASTM standard procedure. There are new and improved methods for analyzing oil-in-water using gas chromatography (GC). The methods could be further enhanced by integrating the entire chromatogram rather than just peaks. This would result in a decrease in maximum variation from 5 per cent to about 2 per cent. For oil-dispersant studies, the surfactant-dispersed oil hydrocarbons consist of two parts: GC-resolved hydrocarbons and GC-unresolved hydrocarbons. This study also tested a second feature of the Swirling Flask Test in which the side spout was tested and compared with a new vessel with a septum port instead of a side spout. This decreased the variability as well as the energy and mixing in the vessel. Rather than being a variation of the Swirling Flask Test, it was suggested that a spoutless vessel might be considered as a completely separate test. 7 refs., 2 tabs., 4 figs

  3. Pulse propagation in tapered granular chains: An analytic study

    OpenAIRE

    Harbola, Upendra; Rosas, Alexandre; ESPOSITO, massimiliano; Lindenberg, Katja

    2009-01-01

    We study pulse propagation in one-dimensional tapered chains of spherical granules. Analytic results for the pulse velocity and other pulse features are obtained using a binary collision approximation. Comparisons with numerical results show that the binary collision approximation provides quantitatively accurate analytic results for these chains.

  4. Analytic PSF Correction for Gravitational Flexion Studies

    CERN Document Server

    Levinson, Rebecca Sobel

    2013-01-01

    Given a galaxy image, one cannot simply measure its flexion. An image's spin one and three shape properties, typically associated with F- and G-flexion, are actually complicated functions of the galaxy's intrinsic shape and the telescope's PSF, in addition to the lensing properties. The same is true for shear. In this work we create a completely analytic mapping from apparent measured galaxy flexions to gravitational flexions by (1) creating simple models for a lensed galaxy and for a PSF whose distortions are dominated by atmospheric smearing and optical aberrations, (2) convolving the two models, and (3) comparing the pre- and post-convolved flexion-like shape variations of the final image. For completeness, we do the same for shear. As expected, telescope astigmatism, coma, and trefoil can corrupt measurements of shear, F- flexion, and G-flexion, especially for small galaxies. We additionally find that PSF size dilutes the flexion signal more rapidly than the shear signal. Moreover, mixing between shears, ...

  5. Numerical and Analytical Study of Bladder-Collapse Flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tziannaros

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding and quantifying more of the workings of the human bladder motivates the present industry-supported study. The bladder performance in terms of the urinary velocities produced tends to be dominated by the internal fluid dynamics involved, in the sense that the bladder wall moves in a body-prescribed way. The enclosed urine flow responds to this wall movement, and there is relatively little feedback on the wall movement. Combined computational work and special-configuration analysis are applied over a range of configurations including computational and analytical results for the circle and sphere as basic cases; models of more realistic bladder shapes; the end stage of the micturition process where the bladder is relatively squashed down near the urethral sphincter and localised peak speeds arise. The combination of approaches above can be extended to allow for interaction between wall shape and flow properties such as internal pressure if necessary.

  6. Analytical studies of hypersonic viscous dissociated flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inger, George R.

    1995-01-01

    causes problems in CFD predictions. A preliminary theory for prediction that says the heating at the corner is X percent of the heating N boundary-layer thicknesses inboard was developed. This will prove useful to analytically evaluate the possible benefits of rounding the edges of these configurations and defining how much rounding is sufficient.

  7. Retrospective analytical 10 years study of male mammography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antappa Shantappa Tondare

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: Our study of 92 patients nearly showed the 6 patients having very high suspicions of malignancy means nearly 8% (Even though breast cancer in male is usually of 1%. So this retrospective analytical study concludes that even though routine mammography screening (In female every year is not required in male but definitely it will be an a useful tool in patients having any type of complain related with breast like pain, enlargement or both, may help a lot to diagnose breast lesions like calcification, gynaecomastia and breast cancer in early stage (as a general rule breast cancer in male is diagnosed in late stage due to myth that breast cancer is not seeing in male, lack of self-awareness and coming in late stage with larger tumour size resulting you higher morbidity and mortality. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(1.000: 27-29

  8. China-ASEAN Relations in Higher Education: An Analytical Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    China's dramatic economic rise has tended to overshadow other wider perspectives on the developing China and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) relationship, including in higher education. The article examines contemporary relations between China and ASEAN, set against the longer term development of cultural and trade relations. It is…

  9. Constructing and Deriving Reciprocal Trigonometric Relations: A Functional Analytic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninness, Chris; Dixon, Mark; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Rumph, Robin; McCuller, Glen; Holland, James; Smith, Ronald; Ninness, Sharon K.; McGinty, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Participants were pretrained and tested on mutually entailed trigonometric relations and combinatorially entailed relations as they pertained to positive and negative forms of sine, cosine, secant, and cosecant. Experiment 1 focused on training and testing transformations of these mathematical functions in terms of amplitude and frequency followed…

  10. Contribution to the analytic study of ferrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preparation and chemical properties of potassium, strontium and barium ferrates are described. Separation by glass-paper chromatography, electrochemical studies and infrared spectra are shown. A polarographic determination of ferrate ion have been worked. The stability of these compounds is studied with differential thermal analysis. (author)

  11. Miniaturized analytical systems for mass spectrometry-based protein studies

    OpenAIRE

    Abonnenc, Mélanie

    2009-01-01

    Current proteomic strategies depend strongly on the development of analytical methodologies and instrumentation. In parallel to the development of mass spectrometry (MS) - based proteomic workflows, microfluidic devices emerged in this field as a flexible tool for rapid and sensitive protein studies. In this context, the present work focuses on the development of miniaturized analytical systems for protein studies, especially by electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection. Several ap...

  12. STRengthening analytical thinking for observational studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Altman, Douglas G.; le Cessie, Saskia; Abrahamowicz, Michal;

    2014-01-01

    The validity and practical utility of observational medical research depends critically on good study design, excellent data quality, appropriate statistical methods and accurate interpretation of results. Statistical methodology has seen substantial development in recent times. Unfortunately, ma...

  13. Analytical models for a small LFR core dynamics studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► An analytical model for the study of a small LFR core dynamics is developed. ► A benchmark with the SAS4A/SASSYS-1 Code System is performed for validation. ► Transient responses to UTOP, ULOHS, ULOF accidents and to a SCRAM are investigated. ► The effect of the model linearization and the 1-group approximation is evaluated. ► The system stability is confirmed by analyses performed with the linear analysis tools. - Abstract: Analytical models for the study of a small Lead-cooled Fast Reactor (LFR) demonstrator (DEMO) core dynamics, in a control-oriented perspective, have been developed aimed at providing a useful, very flexible and straightforward tool allowing relatively quick transient design-basis and stability analyses. A simplified approach has been developed consisting in a lumped-parameter modeling of the coupled neutronics and thermal-hydraulics. The reactor transient responses following both postulated accident initiators such as Unprotected Transient of OverPower (UTOP), Loss of Heat Sink (ULOHS) and Loss of Flow (ULOF), and an emergency SCRAM event have been studied in MATLAB/SIMULINK® environment. A benchmark analysis has been then performed by means of the SAS4A/SASSYS-1 Liquid Metal Reactor Code System with the purpose of providing verification for the analytical outcomes of the nonlinear model and indicating how the latter relate to more realistic one-dimensional calculations. As a general result, responses concerning the main core characteristics (namely, power, reactivity, etc.) have turned out to be mutually consistent in terms of both steady-state absolute figures and transient developments, showing discrepancies of the order of only few per cents. DEMO dynamic behavior has been studied through a linear approach as well, so as to enable the use of linear analysis tools allowing to verify the system stability, thanks to the possibility of expressing a physical model in terms of transfer functions or state

  14. Analytical study for deformability of laminated sheet metal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed H. Serror

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available While a freestanding high-strength sheet metal subject to tension will rupture at a small strain, it is anticipated that lamination with a ductile sheet metal will retard this instability to an extent that depends on the relative thickness, the relative stiffness, and the hardening exponent of the ductile sheet. This paper presents an analytical study for the deformability of such laminate within the context of necking instability. Laminates of high-strength sheet metal and ductile low-strength sheet metal are studied assuming: (1 sheets are fully bonded; and (2 metals obey the power law material model. The effect of hardening exponent, volume fraction and relative stiffness of the ductile component has been studied. In addition, stability of both uniform and nonuniform deformations has been investigated under plane strain condition. The results have shown the retardation of the high-strength layer instability by lamination with the ductile layer. This has been achieved through controlling the aforementioned key parameters of the ductile component, while the laminate exhibits marked enhancement in strength–ductility combination that is essential for metal forming applications.

  15. Co-ordinated research project on use of nuclear and related analytical techniques in studying human health impacts of toxic elements consumed through foodstuffs contaminated by industrial activities. Report on the first research co-ordination meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall objective of the Co-ordinated research project is to provide a scientific basis for better assessment of selected pollutants in the food chain with a view to elucidating their impacts on human health and nutrition. Results of this study will enhance the existing body of knowledge and can be used to develop preventive strategies. Specific objectve: To determine the extent to which toxic element levels in food are affected by surrounding industrial activities and to assess potential human exposure from the consumption of such foodstuffs. EXPECTED RESEARCH OUTPUTS (RESULTS): Harmonized protocols and procedures for sampling and analyses; ? Compiled results for toxic element levels and their average daily dietary intake (ADDI) / dietary intake; Evaluated toxic element exposure levels based on biological indicators (where applicable); Publications of the study results in an IAEA TECDOC, and in peer-reviewed journals by participants. ACTION PLAN (ACTIVITIES) a. Core research activities: 1 Identification of the study areas and population groups. 2 Collection of information on food consumption patterns of the population groups under study (e.g. through questionnaires). 3 Development of harmonized protocols and validation of analytical methodologies in compliance with ISO/IEC 17025. 4 Collection and analysis of food samples, and estimation of the dietary intake. 5 Collection and analysis of biological indicators where applicable. 6 Evaluation of possible relationships between human exposures and biological indicators for the pollutants studied. 4b. Supplementary activities: ? Speciation studies of pollutants. ? Comparison of present and previous data on relevant parameters. ? Possible production and distribution of laboratory intercomparison samples. 7. Recommendations for nuclear analytical techniques ? Nuclear analytical technique (NAT) such as INAA, PIXE, PIGE, XRF should be the primary technique of analysis; Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA

  16. Correlation among Library Facilities: An Analytical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Y, Srinivasa Rao

    2011-01-01

    Libraries are central part of academic system. They are imperatively empowered and enriched by their facilities. These facilities help the users (faculty, students and researcher) not only to loan physically available resources but also help them to browse and search catalogues, access databases and avail services simultaneously. Provision of multiple library facilities and their correlation can have a strong impact on institutional outcomes. Therefore, this study has been conduct...

  17. Relative frequencies of constrained events in stochastic processes: An analytical approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, S; Akhmatskaya, E; Sokolovski, D; Ballard, N; de la Cal, J C

    2015-10-01

    The stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA) and the corresponding Monte Carlo (MC) method are among the most common approaches for studying stochastic processes. They relies on knowledge of interevent probability density functions (PDFs) and on information about dependencies between all possible events. Analytical representations of a PDF are difficult to specify in advance, in many real life applications. Knowing the shapes of PDFs, and using experimental data, different optimization schemes can be applied in order to evaluate probability density functions and, therefore, the properties of the studied system. Such methods, however, are computationally demanding, and often not feasible. We show that, in the case where experimentally accessed properties are directly related to the frequencies of events involved, it may be possible to replace the heavy Monte Carlo core of optimization schemes with an analytical solution. Such a replacement not only provides a more accurate estimation of the properties of the process, but also reduces the simulation time by a factor of order of the sample size (at least ≈10(4)). The proposed analytical approach is valid for any choice of PDF. The accuracy, computational efficiency, and advantages of the method over MC procedures are demonstrated in the exactly solvable case and in the evaluation of branching fractions in controlled radical polymerization (CRP) of acrylic monomers. This polymerization can be modeled by a constrained stochastic process. Constrained systems are quite common, and this makes the method useful for various applications. PMID:26565363

  18. Relative frequencies of constrained events in stochastic processes: An analytical approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, S.; Akhmatskaya, E.; Sokolovski, D.; Ballard, N.; de la Cal, J. C.

    2015-10-01

    The stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA) and the corresponding Monte Carlo (MC) method are among the most common approaches for studying stochastic processes. They relies on knowledge of interevent probability density functions (PDFs) and on information about dependencies between all possible events. Analytical representations of a PDF are difficult to specify in advance, in many real life applications. Knowing the shapes of PDFs, and using experimental data, different optimization schemes can be applied in order to evaluate probability density functions and, therefore, the properties of the studied system. Such methods, however, are computationally demanding, and often not feasible. We show that, in the case where experimentally accessed properties are directly related to the frequencies of events involved, it may be possible to replace the heavy Monte Carlo core of optimization schemes with an analytical solution. Such a replacement not only provides a more accurate estimation of the properties of the process, but also reduces the simulation time by a factor of order of the sample size (at least ≈104 ). The proposed analytical approach is valid for any choice of PDF. The accuracy, computational efficiency, and advantages of the method over MC procedures are demonstrated in the exactly solvable case and in the evaluation of branching fractions in controlled radical polymerization (CRP) of acrylic monomers. This polymerization can be modeled by a constrained stochastic process. Constrained systems are quite common, and this makes the method useful for various applications.

  19. Quantitative and Qualitative Relations between Motivation and Critical-Analytic Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miele, David B.; Wigfield, Allan

    2014-01-01

    The authors examine two kinds of factors that affect students' motivation to engage in critical-analytic thinking. The first, which includes ability beliefs, achievement values, and achievement goal orientations, influences the "quantitative" relation between motivation and critical-analytic thinking; that is, whether students are…

  20. Analytic study of holographic superconductors with non-linear electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, Rabin; Roychowdhury, Dibakar; Lala, Arindam

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we have analytically studied the properties of the s-wave holographic superconductors in the planar Schwarzschild-AdS background. Using the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem we have been able to calculate the critical temperature for condensation in terms of the charge density. This is a continuation and eventual culmination of the work begun in \\cite{Sun2}. The results obtained analytically agree well with the numerical findings\\cite{hs19}.

  1. Studying Human Dynamics Through Web Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramasco, Jose; Goncalves, Bruno

    2008-03-01

    When Tim Berners Lee, a physicist at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) first conceived the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1990 as a way to facilitate the sharing of scientific information and results among the centers different researchers and groups, even the most ingenious of science fiction writers could not have imagined the role it would come to play in the following decades. The increasing ubiquitousness of Internet access and the frequency with which people interact with it raise the possibility of using it to better observe, understand, and even monitor several aspects of human social behavior. Websites with large numbers of frequently returning users, such as search engines, company or university websites, are ideal for this task. The properly anonymized logs detailing the access history to Emory University's website is studied. We find that a small number of users is responsible for a finite fraction of the total activity. A saturation phenomenon is observed where, certain connections age, becoming less attractive to new activity over time. Finally, by measuring the average activity as a function of the day of the week, we find that productivity seems to be higher on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, with Sundays being the least active day.

  2. Mining Health-Related Issues in Consumer Product Reviews by Using Scalable Text Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torii, Manabu; Tilak, Sameer S.; Doan, Son; Zisook, Daniel S.; Fan, Jung-wei

    2016-01-01

    In an era when most of our life activities are digitized and recorded, opportunities abound to gain insights about population health. Online product reviews present a unique data source that is currently underexplored. Health-related information, although scarce, can be systematically mined in online product reviews. Leveraging natural language processing and machine learning tools, we were able to mine 1.3 million grocery product reviews for health-related information. The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) conduct quantitative and qualitative analysis on the types of health issues found in consumer product reviews; (2) develop a machine learning classifier to detect reviews that contain health-related issues; and (3) gain insights about the task characteristics and challenges for text analytics to guide future research. PMID:27375358

  3. On Eneström–Kakeya Theorem and Related Analytic Functions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    W M Shah; A Liman

    2007-08-01

    We prove some extensions of the classical results concerning the Eneström–Kakeya theorem and related analytic functions. Besides several consequences, our results considerably improve the bounds by relaxing and weakening the hypothesis in some cases.

  4. a Multidisciplinary Analytical Framework for Studying Active Mobility Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orellana, D.; Hermida, C.; Osorio, P.

    2016-06-01

    Intermediate cities are urged to change and adapt their mobility systems from a high energy-demanding motorized model to a sustainable low-motorized model. In order to accomplish such a model, city administrations need to better understand active mobility patterns and their links to socio-demographic and cultural aspects of the population. During the last decade, researchers have demonstrated the potential of geo-location technologies and mobile devices to gather massive amounts of data for mobility studies. However, the analysis and interpretation of this data has been carried out by specialized research groups with relatively narrow approaches from different disciplines. Consequently, broader questions remain less explored, mainly those relating to spatial behaviour of individuals and populations with their geographic environment and the motivations and perceptions shaping such behaviour. Understanding sustainable mobility and exploring new research paths require an interdisciplinary approach given the complex nature of mobility systems and their social, economic and environmental impacts. Here, we introduce the elements for a multidisciplinary analytical framework for studying active mobility patterns comprised of three components: a) Methodological, b) Behavioural, and c) Perceptual. We demonstrate the applicability of the framework by analysing mobility patterns of cyclists and pedestrians in an intermediate city integrating a range of techniques, including: GPS tracking, spatial analysis, auto-ethnography, and perceptual mapping. The results demonstrated the existence of non-evident spatial behaviours and how perceptual features affect mobility. This knowledge is useful for developing policies and practices for sustainable mobility planning.

  5. Air pollution in Thailand using nuclear-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods of neutron activation, both instrumental and radiochemical, and atomic absorption spectrophotometry are used in a study of the concentrations of Al, As, Br, Cd, Cl, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, V, Zn and Pb in airborne particulate matter collected from 7 permanent and 9 temporary air quality monitoring stations. The location of the stations are urban residential, suburban residential, mixed (commercial and residential), commercial and industrial areas and near major roads in Bangkok Metropolitan areas. Air sampling is performed once a month for 24 hours continuously using the high volume air sampler (GMW 2000 H) and for 5, 10, and 15 days continuously using an Anderson Air Sampler (SIBATA AN-200). The elements As, Cd and Cu are determined destructively using ion exchange chromatography while Hg and Se are determined by the dry combustion technique. The determination of Pb was done by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results of Pb concentrations in airborne particulate matters, collected during 1987 to 1991, were reported by the Office of the National Environment Board. Levels of Pb content were found to be lower than the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. (author). 3 refs, 4 tabs

  6. Applied research on air pollution using nuclear-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A co-ordinated research programme (CRP) on applied research on air pollution using nuclear-related techniques is a global CRP which will run from 1992-1996, and will build upon the experience gained by the Agency from the laboratory support that it has been providing for several years to BAPMoN - the Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network programme organized under the auspices of the World Meterological Organization. The purpose of this CRP is to promote the use of nuclear analytical techniques in air pollution studies, e.g. NAA, XFR, and PIXE for the analysis of toxic and other trace elements in suspended particulate matter (including air filter samples), rainwater and fog-water samples, and in biological indicators of air pollution (e.g. lichens and mosses). The main purposes of the core programme are i) to support the use of nuclear and nuclear-related analytical techniques for practically-oriented research and monitoring studies on air pollution ii) to identify major sources of air pollution affecting each of the participating countries with particular reference to toxic heavy metals, and iii) to obtain comparative data on pollution levels in areas of high pollution (e.g. a city centre or a populated area downwind of a large pollution source) and low pollution (e.g. rural areas). This document reports the discussions held during the first Research Co-ordination Meeting (RCM) for the CRP which took place at the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna. Refs, figs and tabs

  7. Examining the Job-Related, Psychological, and Physical Outcomes of Workplace Sexual Harassment: A Meta-Analytic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Darius K-S.; Lam, Chun Bun; Chow, Suk Yee; Cheung, Shu Fai

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the job-related, psychological, and physical outcomes of sexual harassment in the workplace. Using a meta-analytic approach, we analyzed findings from 49 primary studies, with a total sample size of 89,382, to obtain estimates of the population mean effect size of the association between sexual harassment and…

  8. Microwave magnetoelectric fields: An analytical study of topological characteristics

    CERN Document Server

    Joffe, R; Kamenetskii, E O

    2015-01-01

    The near fields originated from a small quasi-two-dimensional ferrite disk with magnetic-dipolar-mode (MDM) oscillations are the fields with broken dual (electric-magnetic) symmetry. Numerical studies show that such fields, called the magnetoelectric (ME) fields, are distinguished by the power-flow vortices and helicity parameters [E. O. Kamenetskii, R. Joffe, and R. Shavit, Phys. Rev. E 87, 023201 (2013)]. These numerical studies can well explain recent experimental results with MDM ferrite disks. In the present paper, we obtain analytically topological characteristics of the ME-field modes. For this purpose, we use a method of successive approximations. In the second approximation we take into account the influence of the edge regions of an open ferrite disk, which are excluded in the first-approximation solving of the magnetostatic (MS) spectral problem. Based on the analytical method, we obtain a 'pure' structure of the electric and magnetic fields outside the MDM ferrite disk. The analytical studies can ...

  9. Analytical and Numerical Studies of Sloshing in Tanks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solaas, F.

    1995-12-31

    For oil cargo ship tanks and liquid natural gas carriers, the dimensions of the tanks are often such that the highest resonant sloshing periods and the ship motions are in the same period range, which may cause violent resonant sloshing of the liquid. In this doctoral thesis, linear and non-linear analytical potential theory solutions of the sloshing problem are studied for a two-dimensional rectangular tank and a vertical circular cylindrical tank, using perturbation technique for the non-linear case. The tank is forced to oscillate harmonically with small amplitudes of sway with frequency in the vicinity of the lowest natural frequency of the fluid inside the tank. The method is extended to other tank shapes using a combined analytical and numerical method. A boundary element numerical method is used to determine the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the problem. These are used in the non-linear analytical free surface conditions, and the velocity potential and free surface elevation for each boundary value problem in the perturbation scheme are determined by the boundary element method. Both the analytical method and the combined analytical and numerical method are restricted to tanks with vertical walls in the free surface. The suitability of a commercial programme, FLOW-3D, to estimate sloshing is studied. It solves the Navier-Stokes equations by the finite difference method. The free surface as function of time is traced using the fractional volume of fluid method. 59 refs., 54 figs., 37 tabs.

  10. Ethical leadership: meta-analytic evidence of criterion-related and incremental validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Thomas W H; Feldman, Daniel C

    2015-05-01

    This study examines the criterion-related and incremental validity of ethical leadership (EL) with meta-analytic data. Across 101 samples published over the last 15 years (N = 29,620), we observed that EL demonstrated acceptable criterion-related validity with variables that tap followers' job attitudes, job performance, and evaluations of their leaders. Further, followers' trust in the leader mediated the relationships of EL with job attitudes and performance. In terms of incremental validity, we found that EL significantly, albeit weakly in some cases, predicted task performance, citizenship behavior, and counterproductive work behavior-even after controlling for the effects of such variables as transformational leadership, use of contingent rewards, management by exception, interactional fairness, and destructive leadership. The article concludes with a discussion of ways to strengthen the incremental validity of EL. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25420055

  11. An analytical study of various telecomminication networks using markov models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramakrishnan, M.; Jayamani, E.; Ezhumalai, P.

    2015-04-01

    The main aim of this paper is to examine issues relating to the performance of various Telecommunication networks, and applied queuing theory for better design and improved efficiency. Firstly, giving an analytical study of queues deals with quantifying the phenomenon of waiting lines using representative measures of performances, such as average queue length (on average number of customers in the queue), average waiting time in queue (on average time to wait) and average facility utilization (proportion of time the service facility is in use). In the second, using Matlab simulator, summarizes the finding of the investigations, from which and where we obtain results and describing methodology for a) compare the waiting time and average number of messages in the queue in M/M/1 and M/M/2 queues b) Compare the performance of M/M/1 and M/D/1 queues and study the effect of increasing the number of servers on the blocking probability M/M/k/k queue model.

  12. Case Study : Visual Analytics in Software Product Assessments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telea, Alexandru; Voinea, Lucian; Lanza, M; Storey, M; Muller, H

    2009-01-01

    We present how a combination of static source code analysis, repository analysis, and visualization techniques has been used to effectively get and communicate insight in the development and project management problems of a large industrial code base. This study is an example of how visual analytics

  13. The Information Needs of the Developing Countries: Analytical Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman, Lamia

    1981-01-01

    Presents the generalized conclusions from analytical case studies undertaken by UNESCO and the United Nations Interim Fund for Science and Technology for Development (IFSTD) on the needs and options for access to scientific and technical information in eight developing countries. (Author/JL)

  14. Analytic study on backreacting holographic superconductors with dark matter sector

    CERN Document Server

    Nakonieczny, Lukasz

    2014-01-01

    The variational method for Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem was employed to study analytically properties of the holographic superconductor with dark matter sector, in which a coupling between Maxwell field and another U(1)-gauge field was considered. The backreaction of the dark matter sector on gravitational background in question was also examined.

  15. Case Study: Visual Analytics in Software Product Assessments

    OpenAIRE

    Telea, Alexandru; Voinea, Lucian; Lanza, M.; Storey, M.; Muller, H

    2009-01-01

    We present how a combination of static source code analysis, repository analysis, and visualization techniques has been used to effectively get and communicate insight in the development and project management problems of a large industrial code base. This study is an example of how visual analytics can be effectively applied to answer maintenance questions and support decision making in the software industry. We comment on the relevant findings during the study both in terms of used techniqu...

  16. Multielement determination in Cuban red mangrove samples using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present work the contents of Al; K; Ca; Mn; Fe; Ni; Cu; Zn; Sr; Cd and Pb in red mangroves (Rhizophora mangle) from different Cuban regions are determined, using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (Emission-Transmission (Et) and I/C methods), Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS), and Polarography (Anodic Stripping Voltametry method). Biological Certified Reference Materials (CRM) are employed for the tracing of the tracing of the curves of the relative I/C method and for the evaluation of the analytical results accuracy. The reliability of the results is also checked by statistical means. Standard deviations and the detection limits of each method are reported. Finally, the obtained values for the concentration of the different elements in each studied ecosystem are presented; a detailed discussion about their significance will be performed in a further paper

  17. Dispersion of helically corrugated waveguides: Analytical, numerical, and experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Helically corrugated waveguides have recently been studied for use in various applications such as interaction regions in gyrotron traveling-wave tubes and gyrotron backward-wave oscillators and as a dispersive medium for passive microwave pulse compression. The paper presents a summary of various methods that can be used for analysis of the wave dispersion of such waveguides. The results obtained from an analytical approach, simulations with the three-dimensional numerical code MAGIC, and cold microwave measurements are analyzed and compared

  18. Analytical and numerical study of particles with binary adsorption

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Cristóvão S.; Araújo, Nuno A. M.; Cadilhe, António

    2012-01-01

    Electro-oxidation of ethanol represents a key process in fuel-cells technology. We introduce a generalization of the random sequential adsorption model to study the long timescale and large length scale properties of the electro-oxidation process. We provide an analytical solution for one dimension and Monte Carlo results in two dimensions. We characterize the coverage and percolation properties of the jammed state and unveil the influence of quenched impurities in the selectivity of oxidatio...

  19. Perturbative study on the analytic continuation for generalized gravitational entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prudenziati, Andrea

    2015-05-01

    We study the analytic continuation used by Lewkowycz and Maldacena to prove the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for entanglement entropy, which is the holographic dual of the trace of the β -power of the Euclidean time evolution operator when β ∈R . This will be done perturbatively using a weakly time dependent Hamiltonian, corresponding to a small shift of the dual static background. The perturbation will be set to either satisfy the Lewkowycz-Maldacena proposal or a different analytic continuation, depending on its periodicity conditions. The two choices will be tested by computing the associated entropies and compared to the Ryu-Takayanagi formula. To our surprise we discover that, at first order, they both correctly reproduce the associated entanglement entropy. Furthermore in both cases we find unexpected divergent contributions that we have to discard in order to fit the minimal area computation, and an additional requirement on the β dependence on the metric.

  20. Heat Transport in Nanoscale Heterosystems: A Numerical and Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Krenzer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The numerical integration of the heat diffusion equation applied to the Bi/Si-heterosystem is presented for times larger than the characteristic time of electron-phonon coupling. By comparing the numerical results to experimental data, it is shown that the thermal boundary resistance of the interface can be directly determined from the characteristic decay time of the observed surface cooling, and an elaborate simulation of the temporal surface temperature evolution can be omitted. Additionally, the numerical solution shows that the substrate temperature only negligibly varies with time and can be considered constant. In this case, an analytical solution can be found. A thorough examination of the analytical solution shows that the surface cooling behavior strongly depends on the initial temperature distribution which can be used to study energy transport properties at short delays after the excitation.

  1. A Web-Based Geovisual Analytical System for Climate Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenlong Li

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Climate studies involve petabytes of spatiotemporal datasets that are produced and archived at distributed computing resources. Scientists need an intuitive and convenient tool to explore the distributed spatiotemporal data. Geovisual analytical tools have the potential to provide such an intuitive and convenient method for scientists to access climate data, discover the relationships between various climate parameters, and communicate the results across different research communities. However, implementing a geovisual analytical tool for complex climate data in a distributed environment poses several challenges. This paper reports our research and development of a web-based geovisual analytical system to support the analysis of climate data generated by climate model. Using the ModelE developed by the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS as an example, we demonstrate that the system is able to (1 manage large volume datasets over the Internet; (2 visualize 2D/3D/4D spatiotemporal data; (3 broker various spatiotemporal statistical analyses for climate research; and (4 support interactive data analysis and knowledge discovery. This research also provides an example for managing, disseminating, and analyzing Big Data in the 21st century.

  2. Analytical electron microscopy study of radioactive ceramic waste forms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A ceramic waste form has been developed to immobilize the halide high-level waste stream from electrometallurgical treatment of spent nuclear fuel. Analytical electron microscopy studies, using both scanning and transmission instruments, have been performed to characterize the microstructure of this material. The microstructure consists primarily of sodalite granules (containing the bulk of the halides) bonded together with glass. The results of these studies are discussed in detail. Insight into the waste form fabrication process developed as a result of these studies is also discussed

  3. Analytical and Numerical Study on the Uniformity of Temperature Difference Field in Heat Exchangers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-XinLi; Da-XiXiong; 等

    1995-01-01

    The relations of the uniformity factor of temperature difference field with the effctiveness of heat exchangers were studied analytically and numerically.The results for eleven kinds of heat exchangers show that the more uniform the temperature difference field,the higher the effctiveness of heat exchanger for a given Ntu and Cr.

  4. PHARMACEUTICAL AND ANALYTICAL STUDY OF RASASINDURA CHANDRODAYA RASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingole Rajesh.Kundlikrao

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Rasashatra is a science of minerals and its main aim to gain Drama, Artha, Kam, Moksha. In Rasashatra there are many methods to control or convert the mercury in the form which is beneficial to our body for curing the disease in certain dose which is called Murchchana. Kajjali, Parpati, Kupipawa rasayana, pottali rasayana all of these are the different methods for the murchchana of Parada. Among these Kupipakwa method is unique and somehow difficult. So here is an attempt in this study to prepare the Rasasindura and chandrodaya rasa by traditional method and do analytical study of obtained sample.

  5. Analytical and Experimental Study of Residual Stresses in CFRP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Chin Chiang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fiber Bragg Grating sensors (FBGs have been utilized in various engineering and photoelectric fields because of their good environment tolerance. In this research, residual stresses of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (CFRP were studied using both experimental and analytical approach. The FBGs were embedded inside middle layers of CFRP to study the formation of residual stress during curing process. Finite element analysis was performed using ABAQUS software to simulate the CFRP curing process. Both experimental and simulation results showed that the residual stress appeared during cooling process and the residual stresses could be released when the CFRP was machined to a different shape.

  6. Effects of Learning Analytics Dashboard: Analyzing the Relations among Dashboard Utilization, Satisfaction, and Learning Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeonghyun; Jo, Il-Hyun; Park, Yeonjeong

    2016-01-01

    The learning analytics dashboard (LAD) is a newly developed learning support tool for virtual classrooms that is believed to allow students to review their online learning behavior patterns intuitively through the provision of visual information. The purpose of this study was to empirically validate the effects of LAD. An experimental study was…

  7. Notes on analytical study of holographic superconductors with Lifshitz scaling in external magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We employ the matching method to analytically investigate the holographic superconductors with Lifshitz scaling in an external magnetic field. We discuss systematically the restricted conditions for the matching method and find that this analytic method is not always powerful to explore the effect of external magnetic field on the holographic superconductors unless the matching point is chosen in an appropriate range and the dynamical exponent z satisfies the relation z=d−1 or z=d−2. From the analytic treatment, we observe that Lifshitz scaling can hinder the condensation to be formed, which can be used to back up the numerical results. Moreover, we study the effect of Lifshitz scaling on the upper critical magnetic field and reproduce the well-known relation obtained from Ginzburg–Landau theory

  8. Optical microscopy as a comparative analytical technique for single-particle dissolution studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svanbäck, Sami; Ehlers, Henrik; Yliruusi, Jouko

    2014-07-20

    Novel, simple and cost effective methods are needed to replace advanced chemical analytical techniques, in small-scale dissolution studies. Optical microscopy of individual particles could provide such a method. The aim of the present work was to investigate and verify the applicability of optical microscopy as an analytical technique for drug dissolution studies. The evaluation was performed by comparing image and chemical analysis data of individual dissolving particles. It was shown that the data obtained by image analysis and UV-spectrophotometry produced practically identical dissolution curves, with average similarity and difference factors above 82 and below 4, respectively. The relative standard deviation for image analysis data, of the studied particle size range, varied between 1.9% and 3.8%. Consequently, it is proposed that image analysis can be used, on its own, as a viable analytical technique in single-particle dissolution studies. The possibility for significant reductions in sample preparation, operational cost, time and substance consumption gives optical detection a clear advantage over chemical analytical methods. Thus, image analysis could be an ideal and universal analytical technique for rapid small-scale dissolution studies. PMID:24751345

  9. Dispersion of helically corrugated waveguides: analytical, numerical, and experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, G; Samsonov, S V; Ronald, K; Denisov, G G; Young, A R; Bratman, V L; Phelps, A D R; Cross, A W; Konoplev, I V; He, W; Thomson, J; Whyte, C G

    2004-10-01

    Helically corrugated waveguides have recently been studied for use in various applications such as interaction regions in gyrotron traveling-wave tubes and gyrotron backward-wave oscillators and as a dispersive medium for passive microwave pulse compression. The paper presents a summary of various methods that can be used for analysis of the wave dispersion of such waveguides. The results obtained from an analytical approach, simulations with the three-dimensional numerical code MAGIC, and cold microwave measurements are analyzed and compared. PMID:15600525

  10. Ion beam analytical techniques in atmospheric aerosol studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An ion beam analytical facility has been developed for application to atmospheric aerosol samples. It combines Particle-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) and Particle Elastic Scattering Analysis (PESA). Elemental concentrations for elements heavier than silicon are determined with PIXE, with minimum detection limits of the order of 1 ng/cm2. Hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen are determined with PESA. Minimum detection limits are 100, 15, 10 and 350 ng/cm2, respectively. Evaporative losses during analysis were investigated. The problem mainly applies to the light elements, such as elements present in organic compounds of relatively high saturation vapour pressure. The analytical facility, an external beam setup, allows a helium atmosphere to surround the sample. Quantitative analysis for compounds with saturation vapour pressure below about 10-5 torr (room temperature) is possible. A method for chemical speciation using multi-elemental ion beam techniques and thermography is presented; Ion Beam Thermography (IBT). Utilizing elemental thermal data and stoichiometry, chemical speciation is obtained. The influence of distant aerosol sources in southern Sweden was investigated using a three-station network. Multivariate statistical evaluation, based on SIMCA, revealed an elemental composition size dependence in the accumulation mode. The results indicate that transformation processes are more important than emission sources for the covariation of sulphur. A technique for the identification of outliers in a data set is presented, which is based on a three-step multivariate statistical evaluation. (author)

  11. PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND ANALYTICAL STUDY OF DASHANGA KWATHA: AN AYURVEDIC FORMULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baragi Umapati C.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study deals with pharmacognostic and analytical study of Dashanga Kwatha (A known Ayurvedic formulation used in Non Ulcer Dyspepsia. Here attempt was made to find out the authenticity of the drugs used in the formulation. This forms the first step in the standardization of a formulation. Herbal drugs, singularly or in combinations, contain numerous compounds in complex matrices in which no single active constituent is responsible for the overall efficacy. The pharmacognostic investigations were carried out in terms of organoleptic, microscopic, macroscopic examinations and the analytical study was carried in terms of physicochemical, phytochemical analysis and HPTLC examination by optimizing the solvent systems. Microbial load of dried powder material was determined to avoid the contamination and for safety of crude drug. The present work will provide referential information for the correct identification and standardization of the crude drug and will ensure the use of only genuine and uniform material in preparation of Dashanga Kwatha in future. These findings will be useful in establishing quality control standards and standardization of Dashanga Kwatha in future.

  12. Trace element air pollution monitoring studies in Slovenia using nuclear analytical techniques. Appendix 15

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Up to now, only a few investigations have been performed in Slovenia involving comprehensive studies of trace elements, toxic elements, heavy metals and radionuclides in the atmosphere. The aim of the project is development and application of nuclear and nuclear-related analytical techniques for air pollution studies, leading to formation of a database concerning the trace element air pollution of Slovenia. In this report, the emphasis is on the methodology and analytical development (neutron activation analysis and X-ray spectrometry), and to a lesser extent on the results obtained up to now. Analytical results for several certified reference materials of similar matrix as the real samples investigated are presented and discussed. (author)

  13. An Analytical Study of the Mode Propagation along the Plasmaline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szeremley, Daniel; Brinkmann, Ralf Peter; Mussenbrock, Thomas; Eremin, Denis; Theoretical Electrical Engineering Team

    2014-10-01

    The market shows in recent years a growing demand for bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Therefore, fast and efficient sterilization processes as well as barrier coatings to decrease gas permeation are required. A specialized microwave plasma source - referred to as the plasmaline - has been developed to allow for treatment of the inner surface of such PET bottles The plasmaline is a coaxial waveguide combined with a gas-inlet which is inserted into the empty bottle and initiates a reactive plasma. To optimize and control the different surface processes, it is essential to fully understand the microwave power coupling to the plasma inside the bottle and thus the electromagnetic wave propagation along the plasmaline. In this contribution, we present a detailed dispersion analysis based on an analytical approach. We study how modes of guided waves are propagating under different conditions (if at all). The analytical results are supported by a series of self-consistent numerical simulations of the plasmaline and the plasma. The authors acknowledge funding by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within the frame of SFB-TR 87.

  14. ANALYTICAL RESEARCH OF THE MOVEMENT OF COMPONENTS OF FORAGES IN RELATIVE SCREW DRUMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchenko A. Y.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of the analytical research of the movement of components of forages in screw drums on the example of relative reels of Rts7.1.A and Rts5.1a having the next feature: on the perimeter, we have obviously expressed conditionally cylindrical screw lines formed. The carried-out analysis of the movement of particles of components of forages in relative screw drums and the executed review of mathematical models in relation to the movement of components of forages in relative screw drums, including a model of a continuous stream of particles of components of forages, a model of power balance of the movement of a continuous stream of particles of components of forages, a model of the movement of components of forages as a material point has been shown. Analytical dependences for determination of longitudinal speed of movement of components of forages and the length of a relative screw drum are presented. The article examines specified settlement models of the movement of components of forages in relative screw drums

  15. Analytical study of properties of holographic superconductors with exponential nonlinear electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Sheykhi, A

    2016-01-01

    Based on the Sturm-Liouville (SL) eigenvalue problem, we analytically study several properties of holographic $s$-wave superconductors with exponential nonlinear electrodynamics in the background of Schwarzschild anti-de Sitter (AdS) black holes. We assume the probe limit in which the scalar and gauge fields do not back react on the background metric. We show that for this system, one can still obtain an analytical relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. Interestingly enough, we find that logarithmic nonlinear electrodynamics decreases the critical temperature, $T_c$, of the holographic superconductors compared to the linear Maxwell field. This implies that the nonlinear electrodynamics make the condensation harder. The analytical results obtained in this paper are in good agreement with the existing numerical results. We also compute the critical exponent near the critical temperature and find out that it is still $1/2$ which seems to be an universal value in mean field theory.

  16. Hardy personality and burnout syndrome among nursing students in three Brazilian universities—an analytic study

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva, Rodrigo Marques; Goulart, Carolina Tonini; Lopes, Luis Felipe Dias; Serrano, Patrícia Maria; Costa, Ana Lucia Siqueira; de Azevedo Guido, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Background Nursing students may exhibit the characteristics of resistance to stress, such as hardiness, which can reduce the risk of burnout. However, we found only one published study about these phenomena among nursing students. Thus, we investigated the association between hardiness and burnout in such students. Methods An analytic, cross-sectional study was conducted among 570 nursing students from three Brazilian universities. Data were collected relating to sociodemographic characterist...

  17. ANALYTICAL RELATIONS BETWEEN EIGENVALUES OF CIRCULAR PLATE BASED ON VARIOUS PLATE THEORIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the mathematical similarity of the axisymmetric eigenvalue problems of a circular plate between the classical plate theory(CPT), the first-order shear deformation plate theory(FPT) and the Reddy's third-order shear deformation plate theory(RPT), analytical relations between the eigenvalues of circular plate based on various plate theories are investigated. In the present paper, the eigenvalue problem is transformed to solve an algebra equation. Analytical relationships that are expressed explicitly between various theories are presented. Therefore, from these relationships one can easily obtain the exact RPT and FPT solutions of critical buckling load and natural frequencyfor a circular plate with CPT solutions. The relationships are useful for engineering application, and can be used to check the validity, convergence and accuracy of numerical results for the eigenvalue problem of plates.

  18. Analytical Study on Thermal Behavior of IP-2 Package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With determining Kyongju as a repository site for the low and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW), it is time to decide transportation method to bring the waste from NPPs (Nuclear Power Plants) to the site. Now considering transport ship as an alternative, it is important to design cargo compartments in the ship. Especially, it is necessary to ensure thermal criteria in the cargo hold by using natural or forced convection. According to INF Code, there is addressed a technical standard of the cargo that adequate ventilation or refrigeration of enclosed cargo spaces shall be provided so that the average ambient temperature within such spaces does not exceed 55 .deg. C at any time. And many counties which operate LILW transport ships are conformable to the standard, and Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of Korea also follows it. In this article analytical study of ventilation system in a cargo hold shows to keep the temperature below 55 .deg. C or not

  19. Analytical study plan: Shielded Cells batch 1 campaign; Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive operations in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) will require that the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) perform analyses and special studies with actual Savannah River Site (SRS) high-level waste sludge. SRS Tank 42 and Tank 51 will comprise the first batch of sludge to be processed in the DWPF. Approximately 25 liters of sludge from each of these tanks will be characterized and processed in the Shielded Cells of SRTC. During the campaign, processes will include sludge characterization, sludge washing, rheology determination, mixing, hydrogen evolution, feed preparation, and vitrification of the waste. To complete the campaign, the glass will be characterized to determine its durability and crystallinity. This document describes the types of samples that will be produced, the sampling schedule and analyses required, and the methods for sample and analytical control

  20. Analytic study of the Migdal-Kadanoff recursion formula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After proposing lattice gauge field models in which the Migdal renormalization group recursion formulas are exact, we study the recursion formulas analytically. If D is less than 4, it is shown that the effective actions of D-dimensional U(1) lattice gauge models are uniformly driven to the high temperature region no matter how low the initial temperature is. If the initial temperature is large enough, this holds for any D and gauge group G. These are also the cases for the recursion formulas of Kadanoff type. It turns out, however, that the string tension for D=3 obtained by these methods is rather big compared with the one already obtained by Mack, Goepfert and by the present author. The reason is clarified. (orig.)

  1. Analytical Study of Mode Coupling in Hybrid Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Levasseur, Laurence Perreault; Brandenberger, Robert

    2010-01-01

    We provide an analytical study of the coupling of short and long wavelength fluctuation modes during the initial phase of reheating in two field models like hybrid inflation. In these models, there is - at linear order in perturbation theory - an instability in the entropy modes of cosmological perturbations which, if not cut off, could lead to curvature fluctuations which exceed the current observational values. Here, we demonstrate that the back-reaction of short wavelength fluctuations leads to a truncation of the instability for the long wavelength modes on a time scale which is short compared to the typical instability time scale of the long wavelength modes. Hence, in models such as hybrid inflation the curvature perturbations produced during reheating on scales of current observational interest are negligible.

  2. Analytic study of a coupled Kerr-SBS system

    CERN Document Server

    Conte, Robert

    2016-01-01

    In order to describe the coupling between the Kerr nonlinearity and the stimulated Brillouin scattering, Mauger et alii recently proposed a system of partial differential equations in three complex amplitudes. We perform here its analytic study by two methods. The first method is to investigate the structure of singularities, in order to possibly find closed form singlevalued solutions obeying this structure. The second method is to look at the infinitesimal symmetries of the system in order to build reductions to a lesser number of independent variables. Our overall conclusion is that the structure of singularities is too intricate to obtain closed form solutions by the usual methods. One of our results is the proof of the nonexistence of traveling waves.

  3. Experimental and analytical studies on aseismic design of ventilation ducts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For seismic resistant design of the ventilation ducts, it is the most popular and convenient way to idealize duct as a simple beam model and to compute maximum support spacing which makes duct rigid enough. However, few practical data are available to assume the precise stiffness of thinwalled duct on which accurate prediction of dynamic properties depends essentially. In this paper, the experimental study including the vibration tests and the static load tests with regard to two full scale duct models is described and a comparison between experimental and analytical results on the dynamic properties, the deflections and the stress distributions is discussed. Also, the mode of failure of the ducts due to vertically applied static load with negative internal pressure is observed. (orig.)

  4. Dimensionality of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale: an exploratory bi-factor analytic study

    OpenAIRE

    Fong, Ted C. T.; Chan, Cecilia L. W.; Ho, Rainbow T. H.; Jessie S. M. Chan; Chan, Celia H. Y.; Ng, S. M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a widely used instrument for measuring depressive symptoms. Though conventional factor analytic evaluations supported the use of four sub-scales for the CES-D, existing studies have yet to adopt the bi-factor analytic approach in psychometric assessment of the 20-item inventory. The present study aimed to apply both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory bi-factor analysis to evaluate the dimensionality of the CE...

  5. Analytic Solutions for a Functional Differential Equation Related to a Traffic Flow Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houyu Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence of analytic solutions of a functional differential equation (z(s+α2z'(s=β(z(s+z(s-z(s which comes from traffic flow model. By reducing the equation with the Schröder transformation to an auxiliary equation, the author discusses not only that the constant λ at resonance, that is, at a root of the unity, but also those λ near resonance under the Brjuno condition.

  6. Biomonitoring of air pollution in Jamaica through trace-element analysis of epiphytic plants using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main goal of the Coordinated Research Project (No:9937/R0), entitled 'Biomonitoring of Air Pollution in Jamaica Through Trace-Element Analysis of Epiphytic Plants Using Nuclear and Related Analytical Techniques', is to identify and validate site specific epiphytic plants for biomonitoring the atmospheric pollution in Jamaica using nuclear analytical techniques at the International Centre for Environmental and Nuclear Sciences (ICENS). The specific objectives for the second year of the project were: Development of HOP for sampling epiphytic plants in Jamaica; Sampling design and sample collection; Sample preparation and analysis; Development of an in-house SRM and participation in the NAT-5 inter-laboratory study; Data analysis and interpretation of the results; Development of a work plan of the third year of the project

  7. A simple analytical model to study and control azimuthal instabilities in annular combustion chambers

    OpenAIRE

    Parmentier, Jean-François; Salas, Pablo; Wolf, Pierre; Staffelbach, Gabriel; Nicoud, Franck; Poinsot, Thierry

    2012-01-01

    This study describes a simple analytical method to compute the azimuthal modes appearing in annular combustion chambers and help analyzing experimental, acoustic and large eddy simulation (LES) data obtained in these combustion chambers. It is based on a one-dimensional zero Mach number formulation where N burners are connected to a single annular chamber. A manipulation of the corresponding acoustic equations in this configuration leads to a simple dispersion relation which can be solved by ...

  8. Obstetric Hysterectomy: Retrospective analytical study at P D U Medical College, Rajkot

    OpenAIRE

    Parmar, Prakash; Goswami, K. D.; Dudhrejiya, Kavita M; Jain, Mahima

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To find out indications of obstetrics hysterectomy, related complications and associated maternal morbidity and mortality.Methods:  A Retrospective Analytical Study was performed at Dept of obs & gynec P D U Medical College, Rajkot over a period of 3 yrs during 2011-2013.Evaluation of Maternal age, parity, SE status, booking status, obstetric risk factors, duration of hospital stay, indications of hysterectomy, type of hysterectomy, intra-op and post-operative complications, bl...

  9. Analytical study of Saint Gregory Nazianzen Icon, Old Cairo, Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issa, Yousry M.; Abdel-Maksoud, Gomaa; Magdy, Mina

    2015-11-01

    The study aims to evaluate the state of icon through characterization of the icon layers (ground, paint and varnish layers) and to provide tools for assessment the impact of aging and environmental conditions in order to produce some solutions for conservation of the icon. Analytical techniques used in this study were attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X ray spectroscopy (FESEM-EDX) and amino acid analyzer (AAA). The results obtained revealed that gypsum and lead white were used for ground layer. The identified pigments were lamp carbon black, brown ochre, Prussian blue, yellow ochre and gold leaf. Egg yolk was the binder used with most of pigments and animal glue was used with gold color. The varnish used was shellac resin. It was concluded that stable pigments gave permanent colors and environmental conditions had an influence on promotion of oxidation process. Auto-oxidation of binder and varnish materials occurred by the action of pigment components and light result in cracking of the paint film and fading of the varnish glaze.

  10. Results of systems analytical studies of the energy situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of systems analytical studies is the generation of aids in the decision making process about the future expansion of the energy supply systems. For this reason, it is less a matter of forecasting, but of indicating the consequences of an energy policy decision before such decision is actually taken. The methods and program systems developed in systems analysis are able, within the limits set by the inaccuracies inherent in the boundary conditions, to indicate the effects of alternative measures and decisions. The analyses of the 'Applied Systems Analysis' (ASA) program, which are carried out as a number of individual studies, encompass the chain leading from the sources of primary energy through conversion processes resulting in sources of secondary energy to useful energy. Economic and social boundary conditions and those imposed by environmental standards are taken into account. One target scenario for the year 2000 shows that even then oil will play the dominating role, followed by nuclear power, hard coal and natural gas, with minor contributions being made by lignite and renewable sources of energy. (orig.)

  11. University related studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the years, opportunities for terrestrial ecology studies have attracted student researchers associated with Pacific Northwest colleges and universities. During the past year, four students have been involved with undergraduate or graduate thesis projects. Brief descriptions of these studies are included in this section. It is expected that university participation will be enhanced by designating parts of the Hanford Reservation as a National Environmental Research Park (NERP)

  12. Analytical quality control in studies of environmental exposure to mercury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This present working paper describes activities of the J. Stefan Institute laboratory, which was selected as a reference laboratory for the purpose of quality assurance programme of the CRP. The topics discussed include analyses of human hair samples received from other laboratories, recommendations on analytical methods for total and methyl mercury analyses, suggestions for additional intercalibration exercises, and improvements of existing analytical capabilities. Additionally, some preliminary results of a proposed supplementary programme are also presented. 14 refs, 3 figs, 5 tabs

  13. Stability of rotating stratified shear flow: an analytical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salhi, A; Cambon, C

    2010-02-01

    We study the stability problem of unbounded shear flow, with velocity U(i)=Sx(3)delta(i1), subjected to a uniform vertical density stratification, with Brunt-Väisälä frequency N, and system rotation of rate Omega about an axis aligned with the spanwise (x(2)) direction. The evolution of plane-wave disturbances in this shear flow is governed by a nonhomogeneous second-order differential equation with time-dependent coefficients. An analytical solution is found to be described by Legendre functions in terms of the nondimensional parameter sigma(phi)(2)=R(R+1)sin(2) phi+R(i), where R=(2Omega/S) is the rotation number, phi is the angle between the horizontal wave vector and the streamwise axis, and R(i)=N(2)/S(2) is the Richardson number. The long-time behavior of the solution is analyzed using the asymptotic representations of the Legendre functions. On the one hand, linear stability is analyzed in terms of exponential growth, as in a normal-mode analysis: the rotating stratified shear flow is stable if R(i)>1/4, or if 00, or if R(R+1)<0analytically in this streamwise direction. PMID:20365646

  14. Recent Analytical and Numerical Results for The Navier-Stokes-Voigt Model and Related Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larios, Adam; Titi, Edriss; Petersen, Mark; Wingate, Beth

    2010-11-01

    The equations which govern the motions of fluids are notoriously difficult to handle both mathematically and computationally. Recently, a new approach to these equations, known as the Voigt-regularization, has been investigated as both a numerical and analytical regularization for the 3D Navier-Stokes equations, the Euler equations, and related fluid models. This inviscid regularization is related to the alpha-models of turbulent flow; however, it overcomes many of the problems present in those models. I will discuss recent work on the Voigt-regularization, as well as a new criterion for the finite-time blow-up of the Euler equations based on their Voigt-regularization. Time permitting, I will discuss some numerical results, as well as applications of this technique to the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations and various equations of ocean dynamics.

  15. 21 CFR 320.29 - Analytical methods for an in vivo bioavailability or bioequivalence study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Analytical methods for an in vivo bioavailability... Analytical methods for an in vivo bioavailability or bioequivalence study. (a) The analytical method used in... ingredient or therapeutic moiety, or its active metabolite(s), achieved in the body. (b) When the...

  16. Regional and global atmospheric aerosol studies using the ''Gent'' stacked filter unit sampler and other aerosol collectors, with multi-elemental analysis of the samples by nuclear-related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ''Gent'' staked filter unit sampler and other collection devices are used in regional and global scale studies on the tropospheric atmospheric aerosols, its composition, sources and fate. The aerosol samples are analyzed by particle-induced X-ray emission analysis, instrumental neutron activation analysis, ion chromatography, a light reflectance technique (for determining black carbon), and gravimetry (for measuring the particular mass). In evaluating the data, use is made of receptor modelling techniques, transport models and wind sector analysis, and also of air mass trajectories and other meteorological information. Preliminary results from a long-term study in southern Norway are presented. It is suggested that the anthropogenic and soil dust aerosol components are mainly adverted to southern Norway by long-range transport and that the major fraction of the submicrometer particle mass is from anthropogenic origin. Preliminary results are also presented for an intensive study in southern Africa. On the basis of the data for two sites (about 40 km apart) in the Kruger National Park it was concluded that regionally representative aerosol samples were collected and that the biomass burning products account for more than 50% of the fine particle mass. Finally, our plans for future work are given. (author). 70 refs, 4 figs, 1 tab

  17. Analytic study for physical protection system (PPS) in nuclear power plants (NPPs)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The physical protection system (PPS) is investigated. • General NPPs are modeled in the study. • Possible terror cases, likelihood, and consequence are studied. • PPS is constructed by analytical methods. - Abstract: The nuclear safeguard is analyzed in the aspect of the physical protection system (PPS) in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The PPS is reviewed and its related terror scenarios are investigated. The PPS is developed using analytical methods. In the terror scenarios, there are 8 possible cases for the terror attacks to the NPPs. Then, the likelihood of terror is classified by the general terror incidents. The consequence of terror is classified by Design Basis Threat (DBT) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) scale. The physical protection method is suggested by defense-in-depth constraints and severe accident countermeasures. Finally, the advanced PPS is constructed, which could be used for the preparation for the possible terror attacks in the NPPs

  18. Systematic analytical characterization of new psychoactive substances: A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo Vicente, Joana; Chassaigne, Hubert; Holland, Margaret V; Reniero, Fabiano; Kolář, Kamil; Tirendi, Salvatore; Vandecasteele, Ine; Vinckier, Inge; Guillou, Claude

    2016-08-01

    New psychoactive substances (NPS) are synthesized compounds that are not usually covered by European and/or international laws. With a slight alteration in the chemical structure of existing illegal substances registered in the European Union (EU), these NPS circumvent existing controls and are thus referred to as "legal highs". They are becoming increasingly available and can easily be purchased through both the internet and other means (smart shops). Thus, it is essential that the identification of NPS keeps up with this rapidly evolving market. In this case study, the Belgian Customs authorities apprehended a parcel, originating from China, containing two samples, declared as being "white pigments". For routine identification, the Belgian Customs Laboratory first analysed both samples by gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry and Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy. The information obtained by these techniques is essential and can give an indication of the chemical structure of an unknown substance but not the complete identification of its structure. To bridge this gap, scientific and technical support is ensured by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) to the European Commission Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Unions (DG TAXUD) and the Customs Laboratory European Network (CLEN) through an Administrative Arrangement for fast recognition of NPS and identification of unknown chemicals. The samples were sent to the JRC for a complete characterization using advanced techniques and chemoinformatic tools. The aim of this study was also to encourage the development of a science-based policy driven approach on NPS. These samples were fully characterized and identified as 5F-AMB and PX-3 using (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), high-resolution tandem mass-spectrometry (HR-MS/MS) and Raman spectroscopy. A chemoinformatic platform was used to manage, unify analytical data from multiple techniques and instruments, and combine it with chemical and

  19. A Study of Online Exams Procrastination Using Data Analytics Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Yair; Ramim, Michelle M.

    2012-01-01

    Procrastination appears to be an inevitable part of daily life, especially for activities that are bounded by deadlines. It has implications for performance and is known to be linked to poor personal time management. Although research related to procrastination as a general behavior has been well established, studies assessing procrastination in…

  20. Analytical study of ultra-short pulse reflectometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruskin, L.G. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Naka Fusion Research Establishment, Mukoyama, Nakamachi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken (Japan)]. E-mail: bruskinl@fusion.naka.jaeri.go.jp; Mase, A.; Yamamoto, A.; Kogi, Y. [Kyushu University, Advanced Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Fukuoka-ken, Kasuga (Japan)

    2001-10-01

    The results of an analytical treatment of the time-dependent 2D full-wave equation are presented here for the case of ultra-short pulse (USP) reflectometry. We consider several models of the plasma geometry, namely linear and nonlinear slab models, as well as a 2D plasma density profile with cylindrical symmetry. The latter model is more realistic when compared to the 1D stratified plasma models previously employed in all the analytical, and most numerical, treatments, since the plasma in fusion toroidal devices, mirror machines and plasma processing chambers can often be considered axially symmetric on the scale relevant to microwave reflectometry. Based on the results of analytical modelling, a signal record analysis method of profile reconstruction is proposed. The method has the advantage of using raw signal records instead of poorly localized frequency modes, which makes it robust for the profile measurements using USP reflectometry. (author)

  1. Beamforming and holography image formation methods: an analytic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solimene, Raffaele; Cuccaro, Antonio; Ruvio, Giuseppe; Tapia, Daniel Flores; O'Halloran, Martin

    2016-04-18

    Beamforming and holographic imaging procedures are widely used in many applications such as radar sensing, sonar, and in the area of microwave medical imaging. Nevertheless, an analytical comparison of the methods has not been done. In this paper, the Point Spread Functions pertaining to the two methods are analytically determined. This allows a formal comparison of the two techniques, and to easily highlight how the performance depends on the configuration parameters, including frequency range, number of scatterers, and data discretization. It is demonstrated that the beamforming and holography basically achieve the same resolution but beamforming requires a cheaper (less sensors) configuration.. PMID:27137336

  2. A Cluster Analytic Study of Osteoprotective Behavior in Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Katherine; Thombs, Dennis L.

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To derive an empirical taxonomy of osteoprotective stages using the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) and to identify the predisposing factors associated with each stage. Methods: An anonymous survey was completed by 504 undergraduates at a Midwestern public university. Results: Cluster analytic findings indicate that only 2…

  3. Applied research on air pollution using nuclear-related analytical techniques. Report on the second research co-ordination meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A co-ordinated research programme (CRP) on applied research on air pollution using nuclear-related techniques is a global CRP which started in 1992, and is scheduled to run until early 1997. The purpose of this CRP is to promote the use of nuclear analytical techniques in air pollution studies, e.g. NAA, XRF, and PIXE for the analysis of toxic and other trace elements in air particulate matter. The main purposes of the core programme are i) to support the use of nuclear and nuclear-related analytical techniques for research and monitoring studies on air pollution, ii) to identify major sources of air pollution affecting each of the participating countries with particular reference to toxic heavy metals, and iii) to obtain comparative data on pollution levels in areas of high pollution (e.g. a city centre or a populated area downwind of a large pollution source) and low pollution (e.g. rural area). This document reports the discussions held during the second Research Co-ordination Meeting (RCM) for the CRP which took place at ANSTO in Menai, Australia. (author)

  4. Analytical study of holographic superconductor in Born-Infeld electrodynamics with backreaction

    CERN Document Server

    Sheykhi, A

    2016-01-01

    We extend the analytical studies on the properties of $s$-wave holographic superconductors in the presence of Born-Infeld nonlinear electrodynamics by taking the backreaction into account. We find that even in the case of nonlinear electrodynamics, one can still employ the analytical method when the backreaction is turned on. In our calculations, we use the variational method which is based on the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem. For this system, we obtain the relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. We find that both backreaction and Born-Infeld parameters decrease the critical temperature of the superconductor and make the condensation harder. Finally, we compute the critical exponent associated with the condensation near the critical temperature and find that it equals $1/2$ which is the universal value in the mean field theory.

  5. Analytical study of holographic superconductor in Born–Infeld electrodynamics with backreaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sheykhi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We extend the analytical studies on the properties of s-wave holographic superconductors in the presence of Born–Infeld nonlinear electrodynamics by taking the backreaction into account. We find that even in the case of nonlinear electrodynamics, one can still employ the analytical method when the backreaction is turned on. In our calculations, we use the variational method which is based on the Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problem. For this system, we obtain the relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. We find that both backreaction and Born–Infeld parameters decrease the critical temperature of the superconductor and make the condensation harder. Finally, we compute the critical exponent associated with the condensation near the critical temperature and find that it equals 1/2 which is the universal value in the mean field theory.

  6. pH sensitive properties of Tc(V)-DMS: analytical and in vitro cellular studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Numerous clinical studies with the pentavalent technetium complex of dimercaptosuccinic acid [Tc(V)-DMS] seem to indicate its new role in nuclear oncology. Thus, we questioned what properties of the Tc(V)-DMS molecule associate with its tumoral tissue accumulation. Because studies have reported tumor tissue to be more acidic than normal tissue, acidification might be related to the Tc(V)-DMS localization in tumor tissue. Thus, in the present study, a working hypothesis drew to test the acidification as a plausible factor, and various analytical methods and an in vitro cellular system using Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EATC) implemented. Analytical methodologies demonstrated the decrease of the overall negative charge of the Tc(V)-DMS molecule, promoted by the acidification of the analytical medium and the sample dilution. In the in vitrocellular experiment, acidification alone showed no effect on the radioactivity accumulation in EATC; nevertheless, if accompanied by a pre-dilution of the Tc(V)-DMS sample added into the cell incubation media, cellular radioactivity accumulation was observed. Thus, acidification as a mediator for the Tc(V)-DMS accumulation in tumoral cells, concurrently with dilution as the promoter of the process, constituted the foundation for discerning the working hypothesis

  7. The virial relation for the Q-balls in the thermal logarithmic potential revisited analytically

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhong, Yue; Cheng, Hongbo, E-mail: hbcheng@ecust.edu.cn

    2015-04-09

    We study the properties of Q-balls dominated by the thermal logarithmic potential analytically instead of estimating the characters with only some specific values of model variables numerically. In particular, the analytical expressions for radius and energy of this kind of Q-ball are obtained. According to these explicit expressions we demonstrate strictly that the large Q-balls enlarge and the small ones become smaller in the background with lower temperature. The energy per unit charge will not be divergent if the charge is enormous. We find that the lower temperature will lead the energy per unit charge of Q-ball smaller. We also prove rigorously the necessary conditions that the model parameters should satisfy to keep the stability of the Q-balls. When one of model parameters of Q-balls, K, is positive, the Q-balls will not form or survive unless the temperature is high enough. In the case of negative K, the Q-balls are stable no matter the temperature is high or low.

  8. The virial relation for the Q-balls in the thermal logarithmic potential revisited analytically

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the properties of Q-balls dominated by the thermal logarithmic potential analytically instead of estimating the characters with only some specific values of model variables numerically. In particular, the analytical expressions for radius and energy of this kind of Q-ball are obtained. According to these explicit expressions we demonstrate strictly that the large Q-balls enlarge and the small ones become smaller in the background with lower temperature. The energy per unit charge will not be divergent if the charge is enormous. We find that the lower temperature will lead the energy per unit charge of Q-ball smaller. We also prove rigorously the necessary conditions that the model parameters should satisfy to keep the stability of the Q-balls. When one of model parameters of Q-balls, K, is positive, the Q-balls will not form or survive unless the temperature is high enough. In the case of negative K, the Q-balls are stable no matter the temperature is high or low

  9. The virial relation for the Q-balls in the thermal logarithmic potential revisited analytically

    CERN Document Server

    Zhong, Yue

    2015-01-01

    We study the properties of Q-balls dominated by the thermal logarithmic potential analytically instead of estimating the characters with only some specific values of model variables numerically. In particular the analytical expressions for radius and energy of this kind of Q-ball are obtained. According to these explicit expressions we demonstrate strictly that the large Q-balls enlarge and the small ones become smaller in the background with lower temperature. The energy per unit charge will not be divergent if the charge is enormous. We find that the lower temperature will lead the energy per unit charge of Q-ball smaller. We also prove rigorously the necessary conditions that the model parameters should satisfy to keep the stability of the Q-balls. When one of model parameters of Q-balls $K$ is positive, the Q-balls will not form or survive unless the temperature is high enough. In the case of negative $K$, the Q-balls are stable no matter the temperature is high or low.

  10. Scoping analytical usability evaluation methods: A case study

    OpenAIRE

    Blandford, A. E.; Hyde, J K; Green, T. R. G.; Connell, I.

    2008-01-01

    Analytical usability evaluation methods (UEMs) can complement empirical evaluation of systems: for example, they can often be used earlier in design and can provide accounts of why users might experience difficulties, as well as what those difficulties are. However, their properties and value are only partially understood. One way to improve our understanding is by detailed comparisons using a single interface or system as a target for evaluation, but we need to look deeper than simple proble...

  11. Analytical and experimental studies of an optimum multisegment phased liner noise suppression concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawdy, D. T.; Beckemeyer, R. J.; Patterson, J. D.

    1976-01-01

    Results are presented from detailed analytical studies made to define methods for obtaining improved multisegment lining performance by taking advantage of relative placement of each lining segment. Properly phased liner segments reflect and spatially redistribute the incident acoustic energy and thus provide additional attenuation. A mathematical model was developed for rectangular ducts with uniform mean flow. Segmented acoustic fields were represented by duct eigenfunction expansions, and mode-matching was used to ensure continuity of the total field. Parametric studies were performed to identify attenuation mechanisms and define preliminary liner configurations. An optimization procedure was used to determine optimum liner impedance values for a given total lining length, Mach number, and incident modal distribution. Optimal segmented liners are presented and it is shown that, provided the sound source is well-defined and flow environment is known, conventional infinite duct optimum attenuation rates can be improved. To confirm these results, an experimental program was conducted in a laboratory test facility. The measured data are presented in the form of analytical-experimental correlations. Excellent agreement between theory and experiment verifies and substantiates the analytical prediction techniques. The results indicate that phased liners may be of immediate benefit in the development of improved aircraft exhaust duct noise suppressors.

  12. Site study plan for geochemical analytical requirements and methodologies: Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This site study plan documents the analytical methodologies and procedures that will be used to analyze geochemically the rock and fluid samples collected during Site Characterization. Information relating to the quality aspects of these analyses is also provided, where available. Most of the proposed analytical procedures have been used previously on the program and are sufficiently sensitive to yield high-quality analyses. In a few cases improvements in analytical methodology (e.g., greater sensitivity, fewer interferences) are desired. Suggested improvements to these methodologies are discussed. In most cases these method-development activities have already been initiated. The primary source of rock and fluid samples for geochemical analysis during Site Characterization will be the drilling program, as described in various SRP Site Study Plans. The Salt Repository Project (SRP) Networks specify the schedule under which the program will operate. Drilling will not begin until after site ground water baseline conditions have been established. The Technical Field Services Contractor (TFSC) is responsible for conducting the field program of drilling and testing. Samples and data will be handled and reported in accordance with established SRP procedures. A quality assurance program will be utilized to assure that activities affecting quality are performed correctly and that the appropriate documentation is maintained. 28 refs., 9 figs., 14 tabs

  13. An analytic study of applying Miller cycle to reduce NOx emission from petrol engine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analytic investigation of applying Miller cycle to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions from a petrol engine is carried out. The Miller cycle used in the investigation is a late intake valve closing version. A detailed thermodynamic analysis of the cycle is presented. A comparison of the characters of Miller cycle with Otto cycle is presented. From the results of thermodynamic analyses, it can be seen that the application of Miller cycle is able to reduce the compression pressure and temperature in the cylinder at the end of compression stroke. Therefore, it lowers down the combustion temperature and NOx formation in engine cylinder. These results in a lower exhaust temperature and less NOx emissions compared with that of Otto cycle. The analytic results also show that Miller cycle ratio is a main factor to influence the combustion temperature, and then the NOx emissions and the exhaust temperature. The results from the analytic study are used to analyse and to compare with the previous experimental results. An empirical formula from the previous experimental results that showed the relation of NOx emissions with the exhaust temperature at different engine speed is presented. The results from the study showed that the application of Miller cycle may reduce NOx emissions from petrol engine

  14. Connecting Performance to Social Structure and Pedagogy as a Pathway to Scaling Learning Analytics in MOOCs: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goggins, S. P.; Galyen, K. D.; Petakovic, E.; Laffey, J. M.

    2016-01-01

    This exploratory study focuses on the design and evaluation of teaching analytics that relate social learning structure with performance measures in a massive open online course (MOOC) prototype environment. Using reflexive analysis of online learning trace data and qualitative performance measures we present an exploratory empirical study that:…

  15. Analytical studies on the gum exudate from Anogeissus leiocarpus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anogeissus leiocarpus gum samples were collected as natural exudate nodules, from three different location. Physicochemical properties of gum samples were studied. results showed significant differences within each location in most parameters studied except refractive index value which was found to be constant in all samples. The effect of location on the properties of gum samples was also studied and the analysis of variance showed insignificant differences (P≤0.05) in all properties studied except in ash content. Inter nodule variations of gum from two different location were studied individually. Results showed significant differences for each parameter studied except for the refractive index value. The properties studied of all gum samples were as follows: 9.2% moisture, 3.4% ash, 0.72% nitrogen, 4.74% protein, -35.5 specific rotation, 1.68 relative viscosity, 4.2 pH, 1.334 refractive index, 14.3 uronic acid, 0.44% reducing sugar, 1336.0 equivalent weight and 0.68% tannin content. UV absorption spectra of gum samples and gum nodules were determined. Cationic composition of gum samples was also determined and the results showed that (Mg) has highest value in all samples studied followed by Fe, Na, K, Ca, Zn and trace amount of Mn, Co, Ni, Cd and Pb. The water holding capacity was found to be 65.5% and emulsifying stability was found to be 1.008. The component sugars of gum were examined by different methods followed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Analysis of hydrolysate crude gum sample by HPLC show L-rhamnose (6.82), L-arabinose (48.08), D-galactose (11.26) and two unknown oligosaccharides having values (0.22 and 32.61). Some physicochemical properties were studied. Results showed significant differences in nitrogen and protein contents, specific rotation, relative viscosity, equivalent weight and pH of fractions, where as insignificant differences were observed in uronic acid content and refractive index values

  16. Analytical estimation of solid angle subtended by complex well-resolved surfaces for infrared detection studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahulikar, Shripad P.; Potnuru, Santosh K.; Kolhe, Pankaj S.

    2007-08-01

    The solid angle (Ω) subtended by the hot power-plant surfaces of a typical fighter aircraft, on the detector of an infrared (IR) guided missile, is analytically obtained. The use of the parallel rays projection method simplifies the incorporation of the effect of the optical blocking by engine surfaces, on Ω-subtended. This methodology enables the evaluation of the relative contribution of the IR signature from well-resolved distributed sources, and is important for imaging infrared detection studies. The complex 3D surface of a rear fuselage is projected onto an equivalent planar area normal to the viewing aspect, which would give the same Ω-subtended.

  17. An analytic study towards instabilities of the glasma

    CERN Document Server

    Fujii, H

    2008-01-01

    Strong longitudinal color flux fields will be created in the initial stage of high-energy nuclear collisions. We investigate analytically time evolution of such boost-invariant color fields from Abelian-like initial conditions, and next examine stability of the boost-invariant configurations against rapidity dependent fluctuations. We find that the magnetic background field has an instability induced by the lowest Landau level whose amplitude grows exponentially. For the electric background field there is no apparent instability although pair creations due to the Schwinger mechanism should be involved.

  18. Thermal characterization of micro thermoelectric coolers: an analytical study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim of this paper is to provide a complete characterization of the transient thermal behaviour of thermoelectric (TE) micro-coolers by solving the parabolic heat diffusion equation, through two different analytical methods, the Laplace Transform (LT) and the Separation of Variables (SOV). The results of the performed analysis show that a numerical inversion of the Laplace Transform is necessary, because the analytical-based Riemann-sum approximation does not yield temperature values at very early times. Once the temperature distribution is known in both the semiconductors of the p-n junction, the heat fluxes and the coefficient of performance (COP) of the cooler may be obtained. Then, by applying the proposed procedure to an existing micro-TE cooler, it is observed that the cooling load and the COP reach their maximum values, 2.9 W and 2, respectively, at different times, 3.4 ms vs. 1.7 ms. When a steady-state is reached, the micro-system is characterized by a cooling load of about 1.9 W with an efficiency of nearly 0.5, both in agreement with experimental and numerical data

  19. Analytical study of stress and deformation of HTR fuel blocks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A two-dimensional finite element computer code named HANS-GR has been developed to predict the mechanical behavior of the graphite fuel blocks with realistic material properties and core environment. When graphite material is exposed to high temperature and fast neutron flux of high density, strains arise due to thermal expansion, irradiation-induced shrinkage and creep. Thus stresses and distortions are induced in the fuel block in which there are spatial variation of these strains. The analytical method used in the program to predcit these induced stresses and distortions by finite element method is discussed. In order to illustrate the versatility of the computer code, numerical results of two example analyses of the multi-hole type fuel elements in the VHTR Reactor are given. Two example analyses presented are those concerning the stresses in fuel blocks with control rod holes and distortions of the fuel blocks at the periphery of the reactor core. It is considered these phenomena should be carefully examined when the multi-hole type fuel elements are applied to VHTR. It is assured that the predicted mechanical behavior of the graphite components is strongly dependent on the material properties used and obtaining the reliable material property is important to make the analytical prediction a reliable one

  20. On relation between acidic-base properties of O,O'-dioxyazocompounds and analytical characteristics of their complexes with vanadium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanadium (4) interaction with azo compounds, obtained on the basis of o-aminophenols and barbituric acid are studied by spectrophotometric method. The complex composition and certain analytical characteristics and correlation dependences are determined

  1. Validation of analytical measurement and generation of quality data related to post Fukushima coastal marine assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report gives the brief summary of the participation of Environmental Radioactivity Measurement Section, Health Physics Division in the proficiency test organized in the frame of the IAEA Technical Cooperation project RAS/7/021. The objective of the proficiency test was to check performances, analytical capabilities and comparability of results of radiological measurements. This proficiency test has deviated from normal exercise as additional conditions were imposed by IAEA. The extraction efficiency of cesium isotopes on copper ferrocyanide filter cartridge used for in-situ pre concentration for large volume of sea water was found in the range of 85 to 90 %. Our country reported 134Cs and 137Cs activity levels of 0.0707±0.0043 Bg.kg-1 and 0.1027±0.0064 Bg.kg-1. The approach discussed for low level measurement in high volume of sea water resulted in a precision of 3.2%. The relative bias for 134Cs and 137Cs was - 4% and 2% respectively which was well below the criteria of maximum acceptable bias fixed by IAEA at 25% for both radionuclides. The results also ensure that our laboratory is producing data that is accurate, precise and reliable. Our results passed the evaluation criteria required by IAEA. This report describes a detailed methodology and approach to carry out low level measurement in the marine environment. (author)

  2. The between-day reproducibility of fasting, satiety-related analytes, in 8 to 11year-old boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allsop, Susan; Rumbold, Penny L S; Green, Benjamin P

    2016-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to establish the between-day reproducibility of fasting plasma GLP-17-36, glucagon, leptin, insulin and glucose, in lean and overweight/obese 8-11year-old boys. A within-group study design was utilised wherein the boys attended two study days, separated by 1week, where a fasting fingertip capillary blood sample was obtained. Deming regression, mean difference, Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LOA) and typical imprecision as a percentage coefficient of variation (CV %), were utilised to assess reproducibility between-days. On a group level, Deming regression detected no evidence of systematic or proportional bias between-days for all of the satiety-related analytes however, only glucose and plasma GLP-17-36 displayed low typical and random imprecision. When analysed according to body composition, good reproducibility was maintained for glucose in the overweight/obese boys and for plasma GLP-17-36, in those with lean body mass. The present findings demonstrate that the measurement of glucose and plasma GLP-17-36 by fingertip capillary sampling on a group level, is reproducible between-days, in 8-11year-old boys. Comparison of blood glucose obtained by fingertip capillary sampling can be made between lean and overweight/obese 8-11year-old boys. Presently, the comparison of fasting plasma GLP-17-36 according to body weight is inappropriate due to high imprecision observed in lean boys between-days. The use of fingertip capillary sampling in the measurement of satiety-related analytes has the potential to provide a better understanding of mechanisms that affect appetite and feeding behaviour in children. PMID:27265877

  3. Discourse analytic study of counseling sessions in stroke physiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talvitie, Ulla; Pyöriä, Outi

    2006-01-01

    Studies on the interaction between physiotherapists and patients during treatment sessions have found low levels of communicative participation by patients and lack of direct influence by patients on the content of their treatment. This article reports the results of 7 counseling sessions in which physiotherapists and patients with stroke and their caregivers discussed the patients' postural control and balance, which had been tested and videotaped at different stages of the rehabilitation process. The physiotherapists' discourses relating to the videotaped test performances were either brief comments on the patient's performance or critical appraisals with references to difficulties encountered during performance. Performances of the easier tasks were treated by the physiotherapists with rhetorical questions. The second type of discourse consisted of the physiotherapists directing the patients' attention to their problems, and of the patients' and caregivers' initiatives leading to conversation about the patients' problems. The patients understood the significance of the test performance for their life at home in varying ways. The results of this study showed that successful counseling calls for physiotherapists to develop dialogic communication skills to help patients in coconstructing their home exercise together with their social network. PMID:16965256

  4. Analytical study of coherence in seeded modulation instability

    CERN Document Server

    Bonetti, J; Fierens, P I; Grosz, D F

    2016-01-01

    We derive analytical expressions for the coherence in the onset of modulation instability, in excellent agreement with thorough numerical simulations. As usual, we start by a linear perturbation analysis, where broadband noise is added to a continuous wave (CW) pump; then, we investigate the effect of adding a deterministic seed to the CW pump, a case of singular interest as it is commonly encountered in parametric amplification schemes. Results for the dependence of coherence on parameters such as fiber type, pump power, propagated distance, seed signal-to-noise ratio are presented. Finally, we show the importance of including higher-order linear and nonlinear dispersion when dealing with generation in longer wavelength regions (mid IR). We believe these results to be of relevance when applied to the analysis of the coherence properties of supercontinua generated from CW pumps.

  5. Thermal mixing of phases numerical and analytical studies

    CERN Document Server

    Gleiser, Marcello

    1995-01-01

    The dynamics of phase transitions plays a crucial r\\^ole in the so-called interface between high energy particle physics and cosmology. Many of the interesting results generated during the last fifteen years or so rely on simplified assumptions concerning the complex mechanisms typical of nonequilibrium field theories. In particular, whenever first order phase transitions are invoked, the metastable background is assumed to be sufficiently smooth to justify the use of homogeneous nucleation theory in the computation of nucleation rates of critical bubbles. In this talk I present the results of numerical simulations which were designed to quantify ``smoothness''; that is, how the contribution from nonperturbative subcritical fluctuations may spoil the homogeneity assumption of nucleation theory. I then show how the numerical results can be understood {\\it quantitatively} in terms of a simple analytical model of subcritical thermal fluctuations. Encouraged by the success of the model in matching the numerical r...

  6. Nuclear analytical methods for trace element studies in calcified tissues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Various nuclear analytical methods have been developed and applied to determine the elemental composition of calcified tissues (teeth and bones). Fluorine was determined by prompt gamma activation analysis through the 19F(p,ag)16O reaction. Carbon was measured by activation analysis with He-3 ions, and the technique of Proton-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) was applied to simultaneously determine Ca, P, and trace elements in well-documented teeth. Dental hard tissues, enamel, dentine, cement, and their junctions, as well as different parts of the same tissue, were examined separately. Furthermore, using a Proton Microprobe, we measured the surface distribution of F and other elements on and around carious lesions on the enamel. The depth profiles of F, and other elements, were also measured right up to the amelodentin junction

  7. Child Abuse in the Family: An Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Shojaeizadeh

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of child abuse in the world is 47 per 1000. According to the Child Protective Service agency (CPS more than 3 million children were abused in the USA in 1998. There was 1.7% increase in comparison with 1996. The prevalence of child abuse in the USA is 15 per 1000. A crosssectional study was conducted in order to determine the frequency, and influential factors on child abuse among families in Tehran. A sample of 420 students was selected from secondary school girls in Tehran in 1999. A questionnaire was used for data collection, and the collected data were analysed through statistical tests such as X2 and other forms of descriptive tests. The findings of research showed that in terms of abnormal (unexpectedly bad behaviour, 28% of the sample were faced quarrelsome and bitted by their fathers. The mothers' reactions for similar behaviour were more or less the same: 34.9% quarrelsome and 7% bitting. Child abuse, physically and emotionally, has had significant relation with socioeconomic status of families as well as having interaction with mentally ill or addicted person(s among families. Mothers' employment, religious beliefs, and parents' educational attainments also demonstrated significant relations with child abuse. A statistically significant relationship has also been found between mothers' employment, addicted or mentally ill person among family members, and doubtful child sexual abuse.To prevent child abuse the following actions should be taken: Education of parents about children rights and how to treat their children. Establishment of centers to protect the children at risk. Education of young couples to take more reponsibility of having children.

  8. Antipathetic Relationships in Child and Adolescent Development: A Meta-Analytic Review and Recommendations for an Emerging Area of Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Card, Noel A.

    2010-01-01

    Antipathetic relationships, or relationships based on mutual dislike, have received less attention than other aspects of children's peer relations. The present meta-analytic review summarizes the existing literature (26 studies consisting of over 23,000 children and adolescents) to illuminate the prevalence of antipathetic relationships and their…

  9. Analytical, Creative, and Practical Intelligence as Predictors of Self-reported Adaptive Functioning: A Case Study in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigorenko, Elena L.; Sternberg, Robert J.

    2001-01-01

    Studied the efficacy of the triarchic theory of intelligence as a basis for predicting adaptive functioning in a rapidly changing society, that of Russia. Results of intelligence measures administered to 452 women and 293 men show that analytical, practical, and creative intelligence all relate in some degree to self-reported everyday adaptive…

  10. Dot-Product Join: An Array-Relation Join Operator for Big Model Analytics

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Chengjie; Rusu, Florin

    2016-01-01

    Big Data analytics has been approached exclusively from a data-parallel perspective, where data are partitioned to multiple workers -- threads or separate servers -- and model training is executed concurrently over different partitions, under various synchronization schemes that guarantee speedup and/or convergence. The dual -- Big Model -- problem that, surprisingly, has received no attention in database analytics, is how to manage models with millions if not billions of parameters that do n...

  11. An Analytical Study of Tools and Techniques for Movie Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garima Maik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Bollywood or Hindi movie industry is one of the fastest growing sector in the media and entertainment space creating numerous business and employment opportunities. Movies in India are a major source of entertainment for all sects of society. They not only face competition from other movie industries and movies but from other source of entertainment such as adventure sports, amusement parks, theatre and drama, pubs and discothèques. A lot of man power, man hours, creative brains, and money are put in to build a quality feature film. Bollywood is the industry which continuously works towards providing the 7 billion population with something new always. So it is important for the movie and production team to stand out, to grab the due attention of the maximum audience. Movie makers employ various tools and techniques today to market their movies. They leave no stone unturned. They roll out teasers, First look, Theatrical trailer release, Music launch, City tours, Producer’s and director’s interview, Movie premier, Movie release, post release follow up and etc. to pull the viewers to the Cineplex. The audience today which comprises mainly of youth requires photos, videos, meet ups, gossip, debate, collaboration and content creation. These requirements of today’s generation are most fulfilled through digital platforms. However, the traditional media like newspapers, radio, and television are not old school. They reach out to mass audience and play an upper role in effective marketing. This study aims at analysing these tools for their effectiveness. The objectives are fulfilled through a consumer survey. This study will bring out the effectiveness and relational importance of various tools which are employed by movie marketers to generate maximum returns on the investments by using various data reduction techniques like factor analysis and statistical techniques like chi-square test with data visualization using pie charts

  12. Applications of nuclear analytical techniques to environmental studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, M. C.; Pacheco, A. M. G.; Marques, A. P.; Barros, L. I. C.; Reis, M. A.

    2001-07-01

    A few examples of application of nuclear-analytical techniques to biological monitors—natives and transplants—are given herein. Parmelia sulcata Taylor transplants were set up in a heavily industrialized area of Portugal—the Setúbal peninsula, about 50 km south of Lisbon—where indigenous lichens are rare. The whole area was 10×15 km around an oil-fired power station, and a 2.5×2.5 km grid was used. In north-western Portugal, native thalli of the same epiphytes (Parmelia spp., mostly Parmelia sulcata Taylor) and bark from olive trees (Olea europaea) were sampled across an area of 50×50 km, using a 10×10 km grid. This area is densely populated and features a blend of rural, urban-industrial and coastal environments, together with the country's second-largest metro area (Porto). All biomonitors have been analyzed by INAA and PIXE. Results were put through nonparametric tests and factor analysis for trend significance and emission sources, respectively.

  13. Analytical Study of Pre-Congestion Notification (PCN Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marwah Almasri

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Maintaining the quality of service (QOS and controlling the network congestion are quite complicated tasks. They cause degrading the performance of the network, and disturbing the continuous communication process. To overcome these issues, one step towards this dilemma has been taken in form of Pre-congestion notification (PCN technique. PCN uses a packet marking technique within a PCN domain over IP networks. It is notified by egress node that works as guard at entry point of network. Egress node gives feedback to communicating servers whether rate on the link is exceeded than configured admissible threshold or within the limit. Based on this feedback, admission decisions are taken to determine whether to allow/block new coming flows or terminate already accepted. The actual question is about selection of right algorithm for PCN domain. In this paper, we investigate the analytical behavior of some known PCN algorithms. We make slide modifications in originality of PCN algorithms without disquieting working process in order to employ those within similar types of scenarios. Our goal is to simulate them either in highly congested or less congested realistic scenarios. On the basis of simulation done in ns2, we are able to recommend each PCN algorithm for specific conditions. Finally, we develop a benchmark that helps researchers and scientific communities to pick the right algorithm. Furthermore, the benchmark is designed to achieve specific objectives according to the users’ requirements without congesting the network.

  14. Study of analytical methods concerning storage effect of underground dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirama, Kunioki; Kuwahara, Toru; Kushima, Masatoshi (Obayashi Corp., Osaka, (Japan))

    1989-08-10

    Information on water balance concerning a catchment area of an underground dam is necessary for effective survey, design, construction and maintenance of the underground dam. Since the observation data of the underground water for about 5 years at some underground dam was obtained this time, they were used for evaluation of the storage effect of the underground dam by using the following four analytical methods, namely water balance equation, combination of tank model and water balance equation, numerical calculation by finite element method and hybrid model of finite element method and tank model. As a result, in case when permeable layers consist of sand and conglomerate of an alluvial system, it was found that evaluation of the storage at the underground dam and its characteristics was feasible and the following points were important for such evaluation; accumulation of observation data over a certain long period, correct information on hydrogeology, suitable composition of tank model, preparation of reasonable numerical model, and combination of analyses such as hybridization of tank models, etc.. 6 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Application of X-ray fluorescence analytical techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Necemer, Marijan [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)], E-mail: marijan.necemer@ijs.si; Kump, Peter; Scancar, Janez; Jacimovic, Radojko; Simcic, Jurij; Pelicon, Primoz; Budnar, Milos; Jeran, Zvonka [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Pongrac, Paula; Regvar, Marjana; Vogel-Mikus, Katarina [Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Vecna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2008-11-15

    Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs the use of higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Progress in the field is however handicapped by limited knowledge of the biological processes involved in plant metal uptake, translocation, tolerance and plant-microbe-soil interactions; therefore a better understanding of the basic biological mechanisms involved in plant/microbe/soil/contaminant interactions would allow further optimization of phytoremediation technologies. In view of the needs of global environmental protection, it is important that in phytoremediation and plant biology studies the analytical procedures for elemental determination in plant tissues and soil should be fast and cheap, with simple sample preparation, and of adequate accuracy and reproducibility. The aim of this study was therefore to present the main characteristics, sample preparation protocols and applications of X-ray fluorescence-based analytical techniques (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry-EDXRF, total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry-TXRF and micro-proton induced X-ray emission-micro-PIXE). Element concentrations in plant leaves from metal polluted and non-polluted sites, as well as standard reference materials, were analyzed by the mentioned techniques, and additionally by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The results were compared and critically evaluated in order to assess the performance and capability of X-ray fluorescence-based techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies. It is the EDXRF, which is recommended as suitable to be used in the analyses of a large number of samples, because it is multi-elemental, requires only simple preparation of sample material, and it is analytically comparable to the most frequently used instrumental chemical techniques. The TXRF is compatible to FAAS in sample preparation, but relative to AAS it is fast, sensitive and

  16. Application of X-ray fluorescence analytical techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs the use of higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Progress in the field is however handicapped by limited knowledge of the biological processes involved in plant metal uptake, translocation, tolerance and plant-microbe-soil interactions; therefore a better understanding of the basic biological mechanisms involved in plant/microbe/soil/contaminant interactions would allow further optimization of phytoremediation technologies. In view of the needs of global environmental protection, it is important that in phytoremediation and plant biology studies the analytical procedures for elemental determination in plant tissues and soil should be fast and cheap, with simple sample preparation, and of adequate accuracy and reproducibility. The aim of this study was therefore to present the main characteristics, sample preparation protocols and applications of X-ray fluorescence-based analytical techniques (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry-EDXRF, total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry-TXRF and micro-proton induced X-ray emission-micro-PIXE). Element concentrations in plant leaves from metal polluted and non-polluted sites, as well as standard reference materials, were analyzed by the mentioned techniques, and additionally by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The results were compared and critically evaluated in order to assess the performance and capability of X-ray fluorescence-based techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies. It is the EDXRF, which is recommended as suitable to be used in the analyses of a large number of samples, because it is multi-elemental, requires only simple preparation of sample material, and it is analytically comparable to the most frequently used instrumental chemical techniques. The TXRF is compatible to FAAS in sample preparation, but relative to AAS it is fast, sensitive and

  17. Application of X-ray fluorescence analytical techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nečemer, Marijan; Kump, Peter; Ščančar, Janez; Jaćimović, Radojko; Simčič, Jurij; Pelicon, Primož; Budnar, Miloš; Jeran, Zvonka; Pongrac, Paula; Regvar, Marjana; Vogel-Mikuš, Katarina

    2008-11-01

    Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs the use of higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Progress in the field is however handicapped by limited knowledge of the biological processes involved in plant metal uptake, translocation, tolerance and plant-microbe-soil interactions; therefore a better understanding of the basic biological mechanisms involved in plant/microbe/soil/contaminant interactions would allow further optimization of phytoremediation technologies. In view of the needs of global environmental protection, it is important that in phytoremediation and plant biology studies the analytical procedures for elemental determination in plant tissues and soil should be fast and cheap, with simple sample preparation, and of adequate accuracy and reproducibility. The aim of this study was therefore to present the main characteristics, sample preparation protocols and applications of X-ray fluorescence-based analytical techniques (energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry—EDXRF, total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry—TXRF and micro-proton induced X-ray emission—micro-PIXE). Element concentrations in plant leaves from metal polluted and non-polluted sites, as well as standard reference materials, were analyzed by the mentioned techniques, and additionally by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The results were compared and critically evaluated in order to assess the performance and capability of X-ray fluorescence-based techniques in phytoremediation and plant biology studies. It is the EDXRF, which is recommended as suitable to be used in the analyses of a large number of samples, because it is multi-elemental, requires only simple preparation of sample material, and it is analytically comparable to the most frequently used instrumental chemical techniques. The TXRF is compatible to FAAS in sample preparation, but relative to AAS it is fast

  18. Has analytical flexibility increased in imaging studies of bipolar disorder and major depression?

    OpenAIRE

    Munafò, M.R.; M. J. Kempton

    2015-01-01

    There has been extensive discussion of problems of reproducibility of research. Analytical flexibility may contribute to this, by increasing the likelihood that a reported finding represents a chance result. We explored whether analytical flexibility has increased over time, using human imaging studies of bipolar disorder and major depression. Our results indicate that the number of measures collected per study has increased over time for studies of bipolar disorder, but not for studies of ma...

  19. A review on analytical techniques for natural convection investigation in a heated closed enclosure: Case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minea Alina Adriana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a theoretical analysis of a few convection problems. The investigations were started from the geometry of a classic muffle manufactured furnace. During this analytical study, different methodologies have been carefully chosen in order to compare and evaluate the effects of applying different analytical methods of the convection heat transfer processes. In conclusion, even if there are available a lot of analytical methods, natural convection in enclosed enclosures can be studied correctly only with numerical analysis. Also, in this article is presented a case study on natural convection application in a closed heated enclosure.

  20. A comparative study on three analytical methods for the determination of the neurotoxin BMAA in cyanobacteria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth J Faassen

    Full Text Available The cyanobacterial neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA has been considered a serious health threat because of its putative role in multiple neurodegenerative diseases. First reports on BMAA concentrations in cyanobacteria were alarming: nearly all cyanobacteria were assumed to contain high BMAA concentrations, implying ubiquitous exposure. Recent studies however question this presence of high BMAA concentrations in cyanobacteria. To assess the real risk of BMAA to human health, this discrepancy must be resolved. We therefore tested whether the differences found could be caused by the analytical methods used in different studies. Eight cyanobacterial samples and two control samples were analyzed by three commonly used methods: HPLC-FLD analysis and LC-MS/MS analysis of both derivatized and underivatized samples. In line with published results, HPLC-FLD detected relatively high BMAA concentrations in some cyanobacterial samples, while both LC-MS/MS methods only detected BMAA in the positive control (cycad seed sarcotesta. Because we could eliminate the use of different samples and treatments as causal factors, we demonstrate that the observed differences were caused by the analytical methods. We conclude that HPLC-FLD overestimated BMAA concentrations in some cyanobacterial samples due to its low selectivity and propose that BMAA might be present in (some cyanobacteria, but in the low µg/g or ng/g range instead of the high µg/g range as sometimes reported before. We therefore recommend to use only selective and sensitive analytical methods like LC-MS/MS for BMAA analysis. Although possibly present in low concentrations in cyanobacteria, BMAA can still form a health risk. Recent evidence on BMAA accumulation in aquatic food chains suggests human exposure through consumption of fish and shellfish which expectedly exceeds exposure through cyanobacteria.

  1. Surface analytical characterization studies of nano crystalline transition metal oxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exposing stainless steel type 304L to the primary coolant in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) results in the formation of duplex oxides where the outer layer is nickel ferrite phase while the inner layer consists relatively smaller crystallites of iron chromite phase. In this context, a series of spinels containing nickel, chromium and iron with nominal composition NiCrxFe2-xO4 (x=0-2) were prepared by a sol-gel auto combustion route by using different fuels like citric acid and urea and keeping the molar ratios 1:1 and 1:3. The oxides obtained through sol gel method were sintered at 773 K for 5 h. Formation of pure crystallized NiCrxFe2-xO4 was observed for the values of x up to 1.6. However a minor amount of Cr2O3 phase was identified for higher values of x (i.e. when x=1.8 and 2.0) when 1:1 fuel ratio was used. This was over come by increasing the fuel ratio to 1:3. The obtained oxides were characterized by X-ray photoelectron microscopy, BET surface area, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy and wave length X-ray microanalysis and X-ray diffraction to determinate their structural properties. In the present study, the effect of chromium substitution in the oxide was examined by the X- ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy. The chemical state of metal ion present in the Ni-Cr Ferrite spinel was also investigated by X-ray photo electron spectroscopy. Oxides containing chromium and iron with nickel showed a Cr2p3/2 photo peak at higher binding energy than that for chromium sesquioxide which conformed the formation of Ni-Cr ferrites. Composition of each oxide was checked using energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Raman spectra showed five Raman shifts at 190, 310, 480, 550, and 700 cm-1 respectively, conforming ferrite crystallites in the spinel structure. Analysis also revealed that the chromium substitution from x=0 to x=1 led to higher octahedral site preference energy for chromium and nickel leading to displacement of Fe3

  2. Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics in Programming : Literature Review and Case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Ihantola, Petri; Vihavainen, Arto; Ahadi, Alireza; Butler, Matthew; Börstler, Jürgen; Edwards, Stephen H.; Isohanni, Essi; Ari KORHONEN; Petersen, Andrew; Rivers, Kelly; Rubio, Miguel Ángel; Sheard, Judy; Skupas, Bronius; Spacco, Jaime; Szabo, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    Educational data mining and learning analytics promise better understanding of student behavior and knowledge, as well as new information on the tacit factors that contribute to student actions. This knowledge can be used to inform decisions related to course and tool design and pedagogy, and to further engage students and guide those at risk of failure. This working group report provides an overview of the body of knowledge regarding the use of educational data mining and learning analytics ...

  3. HOW DO THEY BEHAVE ON THE WEB? AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF MINING THE WEB FOR ANALYTICAL CUSTOMER

    OpenAIRE

    Myriam Ertz; Raoul Graf

    2015-01-01

    Web Mining (WM) remains a relatively unknown technology. However, if used appropriately, it can be of great value to the identification of existing customers’ behaviours online. The recent technical advances in the field of WM enhance tremendously the analytical Customer Relationship Management (aCRM), still usually related to a simple transactional function. This study follows an exploratory approach to assess whether WM fulfills, alone, all three objectives of the second theme of Xu and Wal...

  4. PHARMACEUTICO-ANALYTICAL STUDY OF TRIVIDHA SNEHA PAKA OF KSHEERA BALA TAILA

    OpenAIRE

    Anand Kumar; Sudheendra Honwad; Radhika Ranjan Geethesh P.; Seema M.B

    2012-01-01

    To assess the differences between trividha paka of Ksheera bala taila namely Mrudu paka, Madhya paka and Khara paka it was subjected to pharmaceutical and analytical studies through organoleptic, physico-chemical and chromatographical methods.The results were significant which revealed. Pharmaceutical study with maximum output of Ksheera bala taila obtained in Mrudu paka and minimum output in Khara paka. Analytical study revealed maximum extraction of unchanged-form active principles found in...

  5. An intercomparison study of analytical methods used for quantification of levoglucosan in ambient aerosol filter samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. E. Yttri

    2014-07-01

    .e., for 33% of the laboratories the mean PE was within ±10%. For galactosan, the mean PE for the participating laboratories ranged from −84 to 593%, and as for mannosan 33% of the laboratories reported a mean PE within ±10%. The variability of the various analytical methods, as defined by their minimum and maximum PE value, was typically better for levoglucosan than for mannosan and galactosan, ranging from 3.2 to 41% for levoglucosan, from 10 to 67% for mannosan, and from 6 to 364% for galactosan. For the levoglucosan to mannosan ratio, which may be used to assess the relative importance of softwood vs. hardwood burning, the variability only ranged from 3.5 to 24%. To our knowledge, this is the first major intercomparison on analytical methods used to quantify monosaccharide anhydrides in ambient aerosol filter samples conducted and reported in the scientific literature. The results show that for levoglucosan the accuracy is only slightly lower than that reported for analysis of SO42− on filter samples, a constituent that has been analyzed by numerous laboratories for several decades, typically by ion chromatography, and which is considered a fairly easy constituent to measure. Hence, the results obtained for levoglucosan with respect to accuracy are encouraging and suggest that levels of levoglucosan, and to a lesser extent mannosan and galactosan, obtained by most of the analytical methods currently used to quantify monosaccharide anhydrides in ambient aerosol filter samples, are comparable. Finally, the various analytical methods used in the current study should be tested for other aerosol matrices and concentrations as well, the most obvious being summertime aerosol samples affected by wild fires and/or agricultural fires.

  6. An intercomparison study of analytical methods used for quantification of levoglucosan in ambient aerosol filter samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yttri, K. E.; Schnelle-Kreiss, J.; Maenhaut, W.; Alves, C.; Bossi, R.; Bjerke, A.; Claeys, M.; Dye, C.; Evtyugina, M.; García-Gacio, D.; Gülcin, A.; Hillamo, R.; Hoffer, A.; Hyder, M.; Iinuma, Y.; Jaffrezo, J.-L.; Kasper-Giebl, A.; Kiss, G.; López-Mahia, P. L.; Pio, C.; Piot, C.; Ramirez-Santa-Cruz, C.; Sciare, J.; Teinilä, K.; Vermeylen, R.; Vicente, A.; Zimmermann, R.

    2014-07-01

    the laboratories the mean PE was within ±10%. For galactosan, the mean PE for the participating laboratories ranged from -84 to 593%, and as for mannosan 33% of the laboratories reported a mean PE within ±10%. The variability of the various analytical methods, as defined by their minimum and maximum PE value, was typically better for levoglucosan than for mannosan and galactosan, ranging from 3.2 to 41% for levoglucosan, from 10 to 67% for mannosan, and from 6 to 364% for galactosan. For the levoglucosan to mannosan ratio, which may be used to assess the relative importance of softwood vs. hardwood burning, the variability only ranged from 3.5 to 24%. To our knowledge, this is the first major intercomparison on analytical methods used to quantify monosaccharide anhydrides in ambient aerosol filter samples conducted and reported in the scientific literature. The results show that for levoglucosan the accuracy is only slightly lower than that reported for analysis of SO42- on filter samples, a constituent that has been analyzed by numerous laboratories for several decades, typically by ion chromatography, and which is considered a fairly easy constituent to measure. Hence, the results obtained for levoglucosan with respect to accuracy are encouraging and suggest that levels of levoglucosan, and to a lesser extent mannosan and galactosan, obtained by most of the analytical methods currently used to quantify monosaccharide anhydrides in ambient aerosol filter samples, are comparable. Finally, the various analytical methods used in the current study should be tested for other aerosol matrices and concentrations as well, the most obvious being summertime aerosol samples affected by wild fires and/or agricultural fires.

  7. Screening key parameters related to passive system performance based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • An improved AHP method is presented for screening key parameters used in passive system reliability analysis. • We take the special bottom parameters as criterion for calculation and the abrupt change of the results are verified. • Combination weights are also affected by uncertainty of input parameters. - Abstract: Passive safety system is widely used in the new generation nuclear power plant (NPP) designs such as AP1000 to improve the reactor safety benefitting from its simple construction and less request for human intervene. However, the functional failure induced by uncertainty in the system thermal–hydraulic (T–H) performance becomes one of the main contributors to system operational failure since the system operates based on natural circulation, which should be considered in the system reliability evaluation. In order to improve the calculation efficiency the key parameters which significantly affect the system T–H characteristics can be screened and then be analyzed in detail. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is one of the efficient methods to analyze the influence of the parameters on a passive system based on the experts’ experience. The passive containment cooling system (PCCS) in AP1000 is one of the typical passive safety systems, nevertheless too many parameters need to be analyzed and the T–H model itself is more complicated, so the traditional AHP method should be mended to use for screening key parameters efficiently. In this paper, we adapt the improved method in hierarchy construction and experts’ opinions integration, some parameters at the bottom justly in the traditional hierarchy are studied as criterion layer in improved AHP, the rationality of the method and the effect of abrupt change with the data are verified. The passive containment cooling system (PCCS) in AP1000 is evaluated as an example, and four key parameters are selected from 49 inputs

  8. On the relation between the Lebesgue integral means and Nevanlinna characteristic of analytic functions in the unit disc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya. V. Vasyl’kiv

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The best possible asymptotic estimates for Lebesgue integral means $m_{p}(r,log f, 1 leq p$ of logarithms of analytic functions $f(z$ in the unit disc in terms of their Nevanlinna characteristic $T(r,f$ are obtained. We get sharp relation between the order of $T(r,f$ and the order of $m_{p}(r,log f$ for an analytic function $f(z$ of finite order $alpha(f.$ This generalizes well-known results of L.~R.~Sons and C.~N.~Linden.

  9. Service Quality of Online Shopping Platforms: A Case-Based Empirical and Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsan-Ming Choi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Customer service is crucially important for online shopping platforms (OSPs such as eBay and Taobao. Based on the well-established service quality instruments and the scenario of the specific case on Taobao, this paper focuses on exploring the service quality of an OSP with an aim of revealing customer perceptions of the service quality associated with the provided functions and investigating their impacts on customer loyalty. By an empirical study, this paper finds that the “fulfillment and responsiveness” function is significantly related to the customer loyalty. Further analytical study is conducted to reveal that the optimal service level on the “fulfillment and responsiveness” function for the risk averse OSP uniquely exists. Moreover, the analytical results prove that (i if the customer loyalty is more positively correlated to the service level, it will lead to a larger optimal service level, and (ii the optimal service level is independent of the profit target, the source of uncertainty, and the risk preference of the OSP.

  10. Natural phenolic antioxidants in human fluids: analytical approaches and antioxidant capacity studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phenolic compounds are the most abundant natural antioxidants in our diet. Epidemiological studies have shown the possible prevention effects of consumption of fruits and vegetables rich in phenolic compounds on degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancers. However, there is a serious lack of fundamental knowledge on the uptake and metabolism of phenolic compounds in humans. It is clear that phenolic molecules, only absorbed by humans, can exert biological effects. This review presents a current knowledge on the analytical methods, antioxidant capacity measurements, as well as research strategies related to natural phenolic antioxidants on human health. Both GC-MS and LC-MS have proved to be very useful analytical techniques that can be employed to identify and quantitate targeted phenolic antioxidants and their metabolites in biofluids. Free radical quenching tests provide a direct measurement of antioxidant capacity but lack specificity and may oversimplify the in vivo human physiological environment. Research strategies are diverse and mainly focused on positive health effect of antioxidants. In the future studies, multiple potential bioactivities, both positive and negative, should be considered. (author)

  11. Assessment of structural integrity of subsea wellhead system: analytical and numerical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.R. Maligno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Subsea wellhead systems exposed to severe fatigue loading are becoming increasingly a significant problem in offshore drilling operations due to their applications in wells with higher levels of pressure and temperature, situated at larger depths and in harsher environments. This has led to a substantial increase in the weight and size of offshore equipment, which, in combination with different loading conditions related to the environmental factors acting on the vessel and riser, has greatly increased the loads acting on subsea well systems. In particular, severe fatigue loading acting on the subsea wellhead system was detected. For this reason, a combined analytical and numerical study investigating the critical effect of crack depth on the overall structural integrity of subsea wellhead systems under cyclic loading was carried out. The study is based on a Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM approach.

  12. Effect of methane co-injection in SAGD - analytical and simulation study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Jyotsna; Moore, R.G.; Mehta, Raj [Society of Petroleum Engineers (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    Economical recovery of heavy oil and bitumen from reservoirs in Canada and elsewhere around the world is a major technical challenge. Most of the commonly used thermal oil recovery methods aim at reducing the viscosity of oil and enhancing its mobility by heating. Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is a feasible recovery method for the Athabasca oil sands. In this study, a novel technique for injecting gas in SAGD is developed using an analytical model. This takes into account the three-phase flow of gas, oil and water in the reservoir. The paper presents the effects of methane co-injection in SAGD. The technique predicts relative permeability, saturation profiles, and fluid flow rates along with phase mobility in the mobile oil region. The results from this are replicated by fine grid numerical simulation. The results from the study also reveal that methane co-injection with steam is unfavorable in an SAGD process.

  13. Conceptual aspects of accounting Methodology-analytical support modern productioneconomic relations

    OpenAIRE

    Zhytnyy, P.

    2014-01-01

    The article investigates the direction of accounting and analytical support for the managerial staff of industrial and economic structures in accordance with the modern requirements of the market, a comparative characterization of activities aimed at the development of the theoretical foundations of accounting, analysis and audit, ensuring rapid response to the changes in the market.

  14. Relations between some analytic representations of one-loop scalar integrals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compare several parametrized analytic expressions for an arbitrary off-shell one-loop n-point function in scalar field theory in D-dimensional space-time, and show their equivalence both directly and through path-integral methods. (orig.)

  15. Let's Talk Learning Analytics: A Framework for Implementation in Relation to Student Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Deborah; Heath, David; Huijser, Henk

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a dialogical tool for the advancement of learning analytics implementation for student retention in Higher Education institutions. The framework was developed as an outcome of a project commissioned and funded by the Australian Government's "Office for Learning and Teaching". The project took a mixed-method approach…

  16. Transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analytic test of their relative validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, Timothy A; Piccolo, Ronald F

    2004-10-01

    This study provided a comprehensive examination of the full range of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership. Results (based on 626 correlations from 87 sources) revealed an overall validity of .44 for transformational leadership, and this validity generalized over longitudinal and multisource designs. Contingent reward (.39) and laissez-faire (-.37) leadership had the next highest overall relations; management by exception (active and passive) was inconsistently related to the criteria. Surprisingly, there were several criteria for which contingent reward leadership had stronger relations than did transformational leadership. Furthermore, transformational leadership was strongly correlated with contingent reward (.80) and laissez-faire (-.65) leadership. Transformational and contingent reward leadership generally predicted criteria controlling for the other leadership dimensions, although transformational leadership failed to predict leader job performance. PMID:15506858

  17. Thinking Relationally about Studying "Up"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stich, Amy E.; Colyar, Julia E.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the authors argue that despite a resurgence of elite studies, the majority of existing scholarship works to reify and legitimize social inequality through its language and method. In particular, the authors utilize Pierre Bourdieu's concept of relational thinking to review and critique contemporary research on elite education and…

  18. A Factor Analytic Study of the Teaching Events Stress Inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Livingston; And Others

    The purpose of this study was to determine if definitive factors emerge from the responses of teachers to the Teaching Events Stress Inventory (TESI). In a series of three studies during the years 1980 to 1982, data were collected to assess the levels and sources of stress experienced by 660 teachers in central and western Kentucky. The subjects…

  19. IQ Is Not Strongly Related to Response to Reading Instruction: A Meta-Analytic Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuebing, Karla K.; Barth, Amy E.; Molfese, Peter J.; Weiss, Brandon; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2009-01-01

    A meta-analysis of 22 studies evaluating the relation of different assessments of IQ and intervention response did not support the hypothesis that IQ is an important predictor of response to instruction. We found an R[superscript 2] of 0.03 in models with IQ and the autoregressor as predictors and a unique lower estimated R[superscript 2] of 0.006…

  20. Pragmatic meta-analytic studies: learning the lessons from naturalistic evaluations of multiple cases

    OpenAIRE

    Lam, Paul; McNaught, Carmel; Cheng, Kin-Fai

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of pragmatic meta-analytic studies in eLearning. Much educational technology literature focuses on developers and teachers describing and reflecting on their experiences. Few connections are made between these experiential ‘stories’. The data set is fragmented and offers few generalisable lessons. The field needs guidelines about what can be learnt from such single-case reports. The pragmatic meta-analytic studies described in this paper have two common aspects...

  1. Analytical Study on Thermal and Mechanical Design of Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Su-Jong Yoon; Piyush Sabharwall; Eung-Soo Kim

    2013-09-01

    The analytical methodologies for the thermal design, mechanical design and cost estimation of printed circuit heat exchanger are presented in this study. In this study, three flow arrangements of parallel flow, countercurrent flow and crossflow are taken into account. For each flow arrangement, the analytical solution of temperature profile of heat exchanger is introduced. The size and cost of printed circuit heat exchangers for advanced small modular reactors, which employ various coolants such as sodium, molten salts, helium, and water, are also presented.

  2. The use of nuclear related analytical techniques for the determination of ingestion and body content of trace elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of observations revealed that various human disease states are associated with measurable abnormalities of trace element levels. Until present there is no data on trace element levels in human tissues and dietary intake representing the population in Indonesia. Trace element level in various biological materials, especially human serum related to health syndrome (e.g. acute myocardial infarction and goiter prevalences) was performed by National Atomic Energy Agency in cooperation with relevant institutes. The present study is concerned with determination of ingestion and organ content of trace elements of importance in radiological protection (Cs, Sr, I, Th and U). Quantitation of the elements in the samples will be determined by neutron activation analysis, complemented by nuclear related analytical techniques, e.g. inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry and atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples to be analyzed consist of (a) total diets and individual staple foodstuffs, (b) autopsy specimens of liver, lung, kidney, muscle, thyroid and bone, and (c) drinking water. It seems difficult for us to define nationally representative specimens of total diets and individual staple foodstuffs. Based on these facts, in the first year activity samples of dietary intake from various socio economic levels of population in West Java will be collected. Human tissue sample is obtained from autopsy of normal persons who are killed in traffic accident or homicide victim. Traces of Th and U in drinking water are determined by neutron activation analysis following preconcentration of these elements in chelating resin Chlelex 100. (author)

  3. Analytical Study of Hexapod miRNAs using Phylogenetic Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, A K

    2012-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Identification of total number of miRNAs even in completely sequenced organisms is still an open problem. However, researchers have been using techniques that can predict limited number of miRNA in an organism. In this paper, we have used homology based approach for comparative analysis of miRNA of hexapoda group .We have used Apis mellifera, Bombyx mori, Anopholes gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster miRNA datasets from miRBase repository. We have done pair wise as well as multiple alignments for the available miRNAs in the repository to identify and analyse conserved regions among related species. Unfortunately, to the best of our knowledge, miRNA related literature does not provide in depth analysis of hexapods. We have made an attempt to derive the commonality among the miRNAs and to identify the conserved regions which are still not available in miRNA repositories. The results are good approximation with a small number of mis...

  4. Clustering Approach Towards Image Segmentation: An Analytical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Bora, Dibya Jyoti; Gupta, Anil Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Image processing is an important research area in computer vision. Image segmentation plays the vital rule in image processing research. There exist so many methods for image segmentation. Clustering is an unsupervised study. Clustering can also be used for image segmentation. In this paper, an in-depth study is done on different clustering techniques that can be used for image segmentation with their pros and cons. An experiment for color image segmentation based on clustering with K-Means a...

  5. Experimental and Analytical Studies of Solar System Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Donald S.

    2003-01-01

    The cosmochemistry research funded by this grant resulted in the publications given in the attached Publication List. The research focused in three areas: (1) Experimental studies of trace element partitioning. (2) Studies of the minor element chemistry and O isotopic compositions of MgAlO4 spinels from Ca-Al-Rich Inclusions in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, and (3) The abundances and chemical fractionations of Th and U in chondritic meteorites.

  6. PREVALENCE OF SEIZURE IN PKU:AN ANALYTIC HISTORICAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Feisal RAHIMPOUR; AALAEI Mohammad Reza; KARIMZADEH, Parvaneh

    2010-01-01

    ObjectivePhenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive metabolic genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency in the hepatic enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) which can cause problems with brain development, leading to progressive mental retardation, brain damage, and seizures. In this study we evaluated the frequency of seizure, EEG abnormality and behavioral disorders.Materials & Methods In this case study, 94 PKU children aged between 1 month and 23 years who were referred to Mofi...

  7. Possible Method for Studying the Analytical Dependence of Neutron Distribution on Parameters of the Scattering Nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the possible models for the scattering nucleus - Ws(v, v') - convenient for studying the analytical properties of the functions of neutron distributions is the expression Ws(v, v') in the form of a superposition of the scattering nuclei represented by a gaseous model corresponding to different masses. Even in the simplest case involving the sum of two terms this superposition satisfies the general requirements (asymptotic character at high energies and the condition of detailed balance) and contains two arbitrary parameters. Within the framework of the multi-velocity theory the total information on the law of scattering which is necessary to calculate the neutron distributions is contained in the set of parameters γik(γik + γki, γio = γio =γoo = 0). If these are known it is relatively easy to consider the behaviour of the neutron distributions in the thermal range. Within the framework of the gaseous (and consequently also the superposition) model the parameters γik can be calculated in an analytical form (in the paper expressions are quoted for γ12, γ12 and γ22). The paper discusses the advantages the drawbacks and the physical justification for the superposition model. (author)

  8. Experimental and analytical studies on the vibration serviceability of pre-stressed cable RC truss floor systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xuhong; Cao, Liang; Chen, Y. Frank; Liu, Jiepeng; Li, Jiang

    2016-01-01

    The developed pre-stressed cable reinforced concrete truss (PCT) floor system is a relatively new floor structure, which can be applied to various long-span structures such as buildings, stadiums, and bridges. Due to the lighter mass and longer span, floor vibration would be a serviceability concern problem for such systems. In this paper, field testing and theoretical analysis for the PCT floor system were conducted. Specifically, heel-drop impact and walking tests were performed on the PCT floor system to capture the dynamic properties including natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and acceleration response. The PCT floor system was found to be a low frequency (PCT system exhibits satisfactory vibration perceptibility, however. The analytical solution obtained from the weighted residual method agrees well with the experimental results and thus validates the proposed analytical expression. Sensitivity studies using the analytical solution were also conducted to investigate the vibration performance of the PCT floor system.

  9. The Relation between Language and Meaning in analytic philosophy: Focusing on Wittgenstein’s thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hossein Mahdawinejad; Amir Abbas Alizamani; Aflatoun Sadeghi; Zeinab Shakibi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Focusing on language and attempting to derive the hidden meanings is one of the most important aspects of analytic philosophy to solve or resolve philosophical problems. All of the three founders of analytic philosophy, i.e. Frege, Russell, and Moore, trace this road differently. Ludwig Wittgenstein as the follower of them has his own ideas. In this paper, we will firstly explore theories of those founders briefly and then show that Wittgenstein, in some respects, such as; pitcher theory, logical atomism, and respecting to ordinary language is in agreement with them. However, he, in other respects, has own specific ideas: the meaning of states of affairs, critic of metaphysics and insisting on the ordinary language in a different manner.

  10. An analytical study of seismoelectric signals produced by 1D mesoscopic heterogeneities

    CERN Document Server

    Monachesi, Leonardo B; Rosas-Carbajal, Marina; Jougnot, Damien; Linde, Niklas; Quintal, Beatriz; Holliger, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    The presence of mesoscopic heterogeneities in fluid-saturated porous rocks can produce measurable seismoelectric signals due to wave-induced fluid flow between regions of differing compressibility. The dependence of these signals on the petrophysical and structural characteristics of the probed rock mass remains largely unexplored. In this work, we derive an analytical solution to describe the seismoelectric response of a rock sample, containing a horizontal layer at its center, that is subjected to an oscillatory compressibility test. We then adapt this general solution to compute the seismoelectric signature of a particular case related to a sample that is permeated by a horizontal fracture located at its center. Analyses of the general and particular solutions are performed to study the impact of different petrophysical and structural parameters on the seismoelectric response. We find that the amplitude of the seismoelectric signal is directly proportional to the applied stress, to the Skempton coefficient...

  11. Assessing Vocal Performances Using Analytical Assessment: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gynnild, Vidar

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated ways to improve the appraisal of vocal performances within a national academy of music. Since a criterion-based assessment framework had already been adopted, the conceptual foundation of an assessment rubric was used as a guide in an action research project. The group of teachers involved wanted to explore thinking…

  12. Chasing the effects of Pre-analytical Confounders - a Multicentre Study on CSF-AD biomarkers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Joao Leitao

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Core cerebrospinal fluid (CSF biomarkers-Aβ42, Tau and pTau–have been recently incorporated in the revised criteria for Alzheimer’s disease (AD. However, their widespread clinical application lacks standardization. Pre-analytical sample handling and storage play an important role in the reliable measurement of these biomarkers across laboratories. In this study, we aim to surpass the efforts from previous studies, by employing a multicentre approach to assess the impact of less studied CSF pre-analytical confounders in AD-biomarkers quantification. Four different centres participated in this study and followed the same established protocol. CSF samples were analysed for three biomarkers (Aβ42, Tau and pTau and tested for different spinning conditions (temperature: Room temperature (RT vs. 4oC; speed: 500g vs. 2000g vs. 3000g, storage volume variations (25%, 50% and 75% of tube total volume as well as freezing-thaw cycles (up to 5 cyles. The influence of sample routine parameters, inter-centre variability and relative value of each biomarker (reported as normal/abnormal, was analysed. Centrifugation conditions did not influence biomarkers levels, except for samples with a high CSF total protein content, where either non centrifugation or centrifugation at RT, compared to 4ºC, led to higher Aβ42 levels. Reducing CSF storage volume from 75% to 50% of total tube capacity, decreased Aβ42 concentration (within analytical CV of the assay, whereas no change in Tau or pTau was observed. Moreover, the concentration of Tau and pTau appears to be stable up to 5 freeze-thaw cycles, whereas Aβ42 levels decrease if CSF is freeze-thawed more than 3 times. This systematic study reinforces the need for CSF centrifugation at 4ºC prior to storage and highlights the influence of storage conditions in Aβ42 levels. This study contributes to the establishment of harmonized standard operating procedures that will help reducing inter-lab variability of CSF

  13. Analytic study of the Tadoma method: background and preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, S J; Schultz, M C; Reed, C M; Braida, L D; Durlach, N I; Rabinowitz, W M; Chomsky, C

    1977-09-01

    Certain deaf-blind persons have been taught, through the Tadoma method of speechreading, to use vibrotactile cues from the face and neck to understand speech. This paper reports the results of preliminary tests of the speechreading ability of one adult Tadoma user. The tests were of four major types: (1) discrimination of speech stimuli; (2) recognition of words in isolation and in sentences; (3) interpretation of prosodic and syntactic features in sentences; and (4) comprehension of written (Braille) and oral speech. Words in highly contextual environments were much better perceived than were words in low-context environments. Many of the word errors involved phonemic substitutions which shared articulatory features with the target phonemes, with a higher error rate for vowels than consonants. Relative to performance on word-recognition tests, performance on some of the discrimination tests was worse than expected. Perception of sentences appeared to be mildly sensitive to rate of talking and to speaker differences. Results of the tests on perception of prosodic and syntactic features, while inconclusive, indicate that many of the features tested were not used in interpreting sentences. On an English comprehension test, a higher score was obtained for items administered in Braille than through oral presentation. PMID:904318

  14. Common descriptive and analytical statistics in investigative studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Statistics is used in many investigative studies. This paper provides a description of a few of the commonly used statistical parameters in such studies and tries to exclude some of the technical terminology that is frequently associated with the explanation of statistical testing of data. The mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean and the concept of probability are explained as the usefulness of parametric and non-parametric attributes and testing of data, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Without attempting to be exhaustive as a simple source of information on statistical terminology, these descriptions are presented in an easy-to-understand manner in order to aid an understanding and appreciation of the usefulness of statistics in the evaluation of data. The information presented here should not be regarded as a substitute for proper sources of information on statistics

  15. An analytical study on rooftop greening in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Leung, Lap-fei; 梁立飛

    2013-01-01

    Air pollution and urban heat island effect caused from the development of infrastructures are getting serious, in which air flow is reduced and heat is trapped among high-rise buildings. In order to mitigate these problems, various methods have been developed in previous studies. Green roof has been identified as one of the most important means to mitigate these problems and implement sustainable development principles in the building features. Governments world-wide have been introducing var...

  16. Analytic study of organic matters in Lodeve uranium ore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exploitation of uranium in the Permian basin of Lodeve is difficult because of simultaneous extraction of organic matters which are found, in small proportion, in ammonium diuranate and a supplementary purification is required. Available information on natural organic matters are briefly reviewed. Natural organic matters contained in the Lodeve uranium ore processing fluid is separated and fractionated. Physicochemical properties of ligands in each fraction are studied. The existence of bonds between these ligands and dissolved uranium is experimentally demonstrated

  17. Image analytic study of nuclear area in mantle cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Baek, Taehwa; Huh, Jooryung; Kwak, Hyoungjong; Park, Meeja; Lee, Hyekyung

    2010-01-01

    Background Malignant lymphomas are classified on the basis of morphology, immunohistochemistry, and genetic and molecular biological features. Morphology is considered the most important and basic feature. Lymphomas can be classified as small, medium, or large depending on the cell size, but this criterion tends to be rather subjective. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of an objective approach based on quantitative measurements. Methods Twenty specimens of mantle cell l...

  18. Some analytical properties of dissolving operators related with the Cauchy problem for a class of nonautonomous partial differential equations. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzena Pytel-Kudela

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The analytical properties of dissolving operators related with the Cauchy problem for a class of nonautonomous partial differential equations in Hilbert spaces are studied using theory of bi-linear forms in respectively rigged Hilbert spaces triples. Theorems specifying the existence of a dissolving operator for a class of adiabatically perturbed nonautonomous partial differential equations are stated. Some applications of the results obtained are discussed.

  19. Applying Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Relation Analysis to Evaluate the Supply Chain Performance of the Wafer Testing House

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Chin Chen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the information age, the process of E-Commerce (EC operates quickly and the present enterprises of Taiwan have to face the Free Cross-Strait Market (FCSM with Mainland China, which will definitely change the model as well as the performance of the supply chain. Hence, this study focuses on the issue of supply chain performance evaluation of the wafer testing house in Taiwan. Approach: This investigation applied the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP to derive the weights of influential indicators for evaluating the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house and the Grey Relation Analysis (GRA was used to evaluate the performance between the FCSM and EC aspects. Results: The analyzed results had identified the indicator weight of the supply chain performance evaluation in the wafer testing house and the indicator performances between different aspects were compared. The research results indicated that the FCSM aspect had better performance than EC aspect of the supply chain evaluation in the wafer testing house. Conclusion/Recommendations: Based on the analyzed results, the managers can find out the problems and improve the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house. This study not only can be a good basis for improvements of the case company, but also can be the reference for evaluating the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house.

  20. Biomonitoring of air pollution in Jamaica through trace-element analysis of epiphytic plants using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Air quality has been monitored at selected areas in Jamaica using high volume samplers. The results obtained, showed elevated levels of aluminium in bauxitic areas and very high lead concentrations in urban areas, from 5 to 35 times greater than in rural areas. The lower throughput of the conventional air particulate samplers however, restricts the air quality and health assessment on a nation-wide scale. Biomonitoring offers a cost-effective alternative to air-quality assessment if appropriate indicator species are chosen. The epiphytic lower plants such as lichens and mosses have been used as indicators of regional air quality in several European countries and USA. However, there is not enough studies on lichens and mosses in tropical countries, probably due to the lower occurrence of these species, which cover only 8% of the world's land surface. In Jamaica the epiphytic higher plants, represented by the genus Tillandsia are widely distributed, which make them along with the lichens and mosses potential site-specific bioindicators of air quality. The IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project entitled 'Biomonitoring of Air Pollution in Jamaica Through Trace-Element Analysis of Epiphytic Plants Using Nuclear And Related Analytical Techniques' will address these needs of the country. The primary purpose of the present study was to develop specific bioindicators of atmospheric air pollution in Jamaica, which will provide baseline information for health hazards assessment

  1. Polydimethylsiloxane-based permeation passive air sampler. Part I: Calibration constants and their relation to retention indices of the analytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seethapathy, Suresh; Górecki, Tadeusz

    2011-01-01

    A simple and cost effective permeation passive sampler equipped with a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane was designed for the determination of time-weighted average (TWA) concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. Permeation passive samplers have significant advantages over diffusive passive samplers, including insensitivity to moisture and high face velocities of air across the surface of the sampler. Calibration constants of the sampler towards 41 analytes belonging to alkane, aromatic hydrocarbon, chlorinated hydrocarbon, ester and alcohol groups were determined. The calibration constants allowed for the determination of the permeability of PDMS towards the selected analytes. They ranged from 0.026 cm² min⁻¹ for 1,1-dichloroethylene to 0.605 cm² min⁻¹ for n-octanol. Further, the mechanism of analyte transport across PDMS membranes allowed for the calibration constants of the sampler to be estimated from the linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRI) of the analytes, determined using GC columns coated with pure PDMS stationary phases. Statistical analysis using Student's t test indicated that there was no significant difference at the 95% probability level between the experimentally obtained calibration constants and those estimated using LTPRI for most analyte groups studied. This correlation allows the estimation of the calibration constants of compounds not known to be present at the time of sampler deployment, which makes it possible to determine parameters like total petroleum hydrocarbons in the vapor phase. PMID:21112594

  2. Solid waste and leaching studies using nuclear analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of the awareness of the potential hazards that solid wastes may pose to the environment, many countries have instituted research agendas and regulations to address these issues issues. During the past fifteen years there has been a plethora of leaching studies proposed to ascertain the potential impact that solid wastes may have on water quality. Regulatory laboratory leaching procedures should be applicable to a variety of waste types while providing useful data for the prediction of leachate quality generated by the wastes in a landfill environment. Although it is unrealistic to expect a single laboratory leaching procedure to reliably assess all wastes, an ideal procedure would include the following features: (a) use a leaching medium to be encountered in a landfill (b) include procedures to estimate the intensity and dynamics of Teachable constituents; (c) minimize sample particle size alteration; (d) optimize the liquid to solid ratio to minimize leachate dilution and experimental variability; (e) avoid exotic laboratory apparatus; and (f) restrict procedures used to those conveniently performed by laboratory personnel. In the University of Illinois laboratories, the focus is on assessing the short and long term hazards from municipal solid waste, incinerator ash and coal fly ash through the elemental analysis of heavy metals in ash and leachates using a variety of multi-elemental techniques. Other studies have included the identification of heavy metals in household plastics and the characterization of contaminated soils in urban environments. These techniques included neutron activation analysis, X ray fluorescence spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. The leaching tests have included the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure, water batch extraction, sequential extraction and column tests. The philosophy of leaching procedures, the strength of non-destructive multi-elemental techniques, and results from

  3. THE FARTHEST MOSQUE OR THE ALLEGED TEMPLE AN ANALYTIC STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Yehia Hassan Wazeri

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The Farthest Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem) has been associated in the consciousness of the Muslims, with The Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah) through a spiritual bond since the event of Isra’ (Night Journey) and Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven). The objective of this study is to determine the orientation of the Farthest Mosque and illustrate the similarity in geometric shape (plan) and proportions, between the Farthest Mosque in Jerusalem and the sacred mosque (Al-K...

  4. Analytical Study of Feature Extraction Techniques in Opinion Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pravesh Kumar Singh

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Although opinion mining is in a nascent stage of de velopment but still the ground is set for dense growth of researches in the field. One of the important activities of opinion mining is to extract opinions of people based on characteristics of the object under study. Feature extraction in opinion mining can be done by various ways like that of clustering, support vector machines etc. This paper is an attempt to appraise the vario us techniques of feature extraction. The first part discusses various techniques and second part m akes a detailed appraisal of the major techniques used for feature extraction.

  5. Analytical studies of the Alexandrovo Thracian tomb wall paintings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glavcheva, Z; Yancheva, D; Velcheva, E; Stamboliyska, B; Petrova, N; Petkova, V; Lalev, G; Todorov, V

    2016-01-01

    A profound study of samples obtained from Thracian tomb wall paintings at Alexandrovo, Bulgaria (dating back to the fourth century BC) were carried out by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FTIR), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The current work provides a glimpse of the ingenious construction and painting techniques used in Thracian tomb at Alexandrovo. The results suggest that beeswax was used as a paint binder and also revealed presence of various nano-materials. PMID:25701135

  6. Photocatalytic degradation of rosuvastatin: Analytical studies and toxicity evaluations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, Tiele Caprioli, E-mail: tiele@enq.ufrgs.br [Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Engenheiro Luiz Englert s/n, CEP: 90040-040 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Pizzolato, Tânia Mara [Chemical Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves, 9500, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Arenzon, Alexandre [Ecology Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves, 9500, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Segalin, Jeferson [Biotechnology Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves, 9500, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Lansarin, Marla Azário [Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Engenheiro Luiz Englert s/n, CEP: 90040-040 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2015-01-01

    Photocatalytic degradation of rosuvastatin, which is a drug that has been used to reduce blood cholesterol levels, was studied in this work employing ZnO as catalyst. The experiments were carried out in a temperature-controlled batch reactor that was irradiated with UV light. Preliminary the effects of the photocatalyst loading, the initial pH and the initial rosuvastatin concentration were evaluated. The experimental results showed that rosuvastatin degradation is primarily a photocatalytic process, with pseudo-first order kinetics. The byproducts that were generated during the oxidative process were identified using nano-ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nano-UPLC–MS/MS) and acute toxicity tests using Daphnia magna were done to evaluate the toxicity of the untreated rosuvastatin solution and the reactor effluent. - Highlights: • The photocatalytic degradation of rosuvastatin was studied under UV irradiation. • Commercial catalyst ZnO was used. • Initial rosuvastatin concentration, photocatalyst loading and pH were evaluated. • The byproducts generated during the oxidative process were detected and identified. • Acute toxicity tests using Daphnia magna were carried out.

  7. AN ANALYTICAL STUDY AND SYNTHESIS ON WEB SERVER SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti Pandey

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Web servers are being as a viable means to access Internet-based applications. Latest Approaches to secure Web servers are not much efficient or robust enough to protect and their applications from hackers. There are several approaches and analogies to examine the minimum-security requirements of a system. But The Highly efficient Techniques approaches as Protection profile, a systematic approach Therefore, we derive the Web security components that make a secure Web server from the Web Server Protection Profile. Study of A component-based framework as well as an open source solution has been done subsequently in this paper We believe that after the studying of such a system (implemented and deployed later, it will function reliably and effectively. This work aims at establishing the provable reliability of construction and the feasibility of component-based solutions for the secure Web server. This paper gives a theoretical approach and analogy of Profiling a web server including All three basic security models together( System security, Transmission security & Access Control Systemetc.

  8. Analytical and Experimental Feasibility Study of Combined OTEC on NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of the Combined Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (Combined OTEC) needs to study. Combined OTEC uses exhausted steam on Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) as heat source instead surface water. Exhausted steam extracted from condenser evaporates working fluid of Combined OTEC at heat exchanger (Hx-W). Essential calculation for conceptual design of Combined OTEC was already performed and presented before. However, the technical issue whether sufficient extraction of exhausted steam from high degree of vacuum of condenser to Hx-W can be supplied or not was unclear, which is significant to continue a demonstration program. In this study, so, we calculated the rate of extracted steam to evaluate whether sufficient steam can be extracted using RELAP code. In aspect of implementation of Combined OTEC, confirmation of sufficient flow of exhausted steam into Hx-W is the starting point of research. As the result of RELAP calculation, we confirmed that exhausted steam would flow into Hx-W. Considering the amount of exhausted steam in NPPs which is 1000 MWe and has 36 % of efficiency, 9 % of flow rate to Hx-W is means that 160 MWt of heat can be available as heat source of Combined OTEC. Using this, it can be possible to improve efficiency of aged NPPs and can compensate power loss caused by increase of circulation water temperature particularly in summer season

  9. Analytical and Experimental Feasibility Study of Combined OTEC on NPPs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jeongtae; Oh, Kyemin; Heo, Gyunyoung [Kyung Hee Univ., Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Hoon [KEPCO Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    The concept of the Combined Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (Combined OTEC) needs to study. Combined OTEC uses exhausted steam on Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) as heat source instead surface water. Exhausted steam extracted from condenser evaporates working fluid of Combined OTEC at heat exchanger (Hx-W). Essential calculation for conceptual design of Combined OTEC was already performed and presented before. However, the technical issue whether sufficient extraction of exhausted steam from high degree of vacuum of condenser to Hx-W can be supplied or not was unclear, which is significant to continue a demonstration program. In this study, so, we calculated the rate of extracted steam to evaluate whether sufficient steam can be extracted using RELAP code. In aspect of implementation of Combined OTEC, confirmation of sufficient flow of exhausted steam into Hx-W is the starting point of research. As the result of RELAP calculation, we confirmed that exhausted steam would flow into Hx-W. Considering the amount of exhausted steam in NPPs which is 1000 MWe and has 36 % of efficiency, 9 % of flow rate to Hx-W is means that 160 MWt of heat can be available as heat source of Combined OTEC. Using this, it can be possible to improve efficiency of aged NPPs and can compensate power loss caused by increase of circulation water temperature particularly in summer season.

  10. ANALYTICAL STUDY OF POPULATION STRUCTURE BY SAMPLING IN RURAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Azordegan

    1973-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite the care taken to ensure the quality of date collected by enumeration and sampling, the final tabulation will sometimes give obvious indication of errors in basic information. Evaluation of these errors furnishes those who use such a study and sampling. More general, the finding in these studies should be helpful to others that conduct surveys. In order to compare the age composition of the rural areas between two provinces of IRAN, i.e. AZARBAIJAN, and ISFAHAN, a sample of each has selected (8 and 23 counties respectively.The main idea was to evaluate the errors in age recording and the effect of digit preference on the age composition of the population. It became evident that, AZARBAIJAN has a smaller family size, lower median age, higher sex ratio and lower dependency ratio than ISFAHAN. More over, the age pyramid of ISFAHAN has a better shape and more regular than AZARBAIJAN and therefore the Myer’s Index which determines the degree of dispersion in age reporting is lower in ISFAHAN which may be the result of higher literacy in ISFAHAN. Generally men in both samples report their age more precisely than women.

  11. IQ Is Not Strongly Related to Response to Reading Instruction: A Meta-Analytic Interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Stuebing, Karla K.; Barth, Amy E.; MOLFESE, PETER J.; Weiss, Brandon; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2009-01-01

    A meta-analysis of 22 studies evaluating the relation of different assessments of IQ and intervention response did not support the hypothesis that IQ is an important predictor of response to instruction. We found an R2 of .03 in models with IQ and the autoregressor as predictors and a unique lower estimated R2 of .006 and a higher estimated R2 of .013 in models with IQ, the autoregressor, and additional covariates as predictors. There was no evidence that these aggregated effect sizes were mo...

  12. Microstructural studies of dental amalgams using analytical transmission electron microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooghan, Tejpal Kaur

    Dental amalgams have been used for centuries as major restorative materials for decaying teeth. Amalgams are prepared by mixing alloy particles which contain Ag, Sn, and Cu as the major constituent elements with liquid Hg. The study of microstructure is essential in understanding the setting reactions and improving the properties of amalgams. Until the work reported in this dissertation, optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and x-ray diffractometry (XRD) were used commonly to analyze amalgam microstructures. No previous systematic transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study has been performed due to sample preparation difficulties and composite structure of dental amalgams. The goal of this research was to carry out detailed microstructural and compositional studies of dental amalgams. This was accomplished using the enhanced spatial resolution of the TEM and its associated microanalytical techniques, namely, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS) and micro-microdiffraction (mumuD). A new method was developed for thinning amalgam samples to electron transparency using the "wedge technique." Velvalloy, a low-Cu amalgam, and Tytin, a high-Cu amalgam, were the two amalgams characterized. Velvalloy is composed of a Agsb2Hgsb3\\ (gammasb1)/HgSnsb{7-9}\\ (gammasb2) matrix surrounding unreacted Agsb3Sn (gamma) particles. In addition, hitherto uncharacterized reaction layers between Agsb3Sn(gamma)/Agsb2Hgsb3\\ (gammasb2)\\ and\\ Agsb2Hgsb3\\ (gammasb1)/HgSnsb{7-9}\\ (gammasb2) were observed and analyzed. An Ag-Hg-Sn (betasb1) phase was clearly identified for the first time. In Tytin, the matrix consists of Agsb2Hgsb3\\ (gammasb1) grains. Fine precipitates of Cusb6Snsb5\\ (etasp') are embedded inside the gammasb1 and at the grain boundaries. These precipitates are responsible for the improved creep resistance of Tytin compared to Velvalloy. The additional Cu has completely eliminated the gammasb

  13. Micro-analytical studies on sugar cane bagasse ash

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Jagadesh; A Ramachandramurthy; R Murugesan; K Sarayu

    2015-08-01

    The worldwide production of sugar generates large volumes of bagasse wastes, which are burnt in uncontrolled manner for heating boiler, which are deposited in landfills, which create negative effects in the environment. The ash obtained by burning bagasse is generally used as Supplementary Cementing Material (SCM) in concrete production without proper knowledge of pozzolanic material characterization. This paper summarizes the results obtained from the various techniques to determine pozzolanic mineral profiles in sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA). Techniques employed in the present study include X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Energy-Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX) spectrometer, Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Thermal Analysis [Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Derivative Thermo-Gravimetric (DTG)] in order to understand the type, form, nature, morphology, concentration, etc. of pozzolanic minerals.

  14. Analytical modelling and experimental studies of SIS tunnel solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheknane, Ali [Laboratoire de Valorisation des Energies Renouvelables et Environnements Agressifs, Universite Amar Telidji de Laghouat, BP 37G route de Ghardaia, Laghouat (03000) Algerie (Algeria)], E-mail: cheknanali@yahoo.com

    2009-06-07

    This paper presents an experimental and computational study of semiconductor-insulator-semiconductor (SIS) tunnel solar cells. A transparent and conductive film of thallium trioxide Tl{sub 2}O{sub 3} has been deposited by anodic oxidation onto an n-Si(1 0 0) face to realize the SIS tunnel solar cells based on Si/SiO{sub x}/Tl{sub 2}O{sub 3}. An efficiency of 8.77% has been obtained under an incident power density of 33 mW cm{sup -2} illumination condition. A PSPICE model is implemented. The calculated results show that the theoretical values are in good agreement with experimental data. Moreover, the simulation clearly demonstrates that the performance of the tested device can be significantly improved.

  15. Analytic studies of colloid transport in fractured porous media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We analyze the interactive migration of radioactive colloids and solute in fractured rock. Two possible interactions between radionuclides as colloids and as solute are considered: solute sorption on nonradioactive colloids to form pseudocolloids, and dissolution of radioactive colloids. Previous studies have discussed the formation and transport of colloids in porous media, including removal of colloids by filtration and sedimentation. Colloids can migrate faster than solute because of weaker sorption on stationary solids and because of hydrochromatography of colloid particles in flow channels. However, the migration of colloids and pseudocolloids can be retarded by the interaction of colloids with solute, and the migration of solute in local equilibrium with colloids can be more rapid than if colloids were not present. Here we present a new quantative analysis to predict the interactive migration of colloids and solute in porous and fractured media. 4 figs

  16. THE FARTHEST MOSQUE OR THE ALLEGED TEMPLE AN ANALYTIC STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yehia Hassan Wazeri

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Farthest Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem has been associated in the consciousness of the Muslims, with The Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah through a spiritual bond since the event of Isra’ (Night Journey and Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven. The objective of this study is to determine the orientation of the Farthest Mosque and illustrate the similarity in geometric shape (plan and proportions, between the Farthest Mosque in Jerusalem and the sacred mosque (Al-Ka`bah in Makkah, in the first part of the research. The second part of the research involves a study of some texts from the Old Testament that address the architectural and structural descriptions of the alleged temple, with the purpose of exposing whether glaring contradictions exist between the texts of the Old Testament themselves or between them and the real architectural and structural facts acknowledged by specialists in this field. Keywords: The Farthest mosque, the Alleged Temple, Al-Ka`bah, geometric similarity     Abstrak Masjid tertua (Masjid al-Aqsa di Jarusalem telah dihubungkan dalam kesadaran umat muslim, dengan masjid suci (Masjidil Haram di Mekah melalui ikatan spiritual sejak kejadian Isra’ (perjalanan malam dan Mi’raj (kenaikan  ke  surga.  Tujuan  dari  kajian  ini  adalah  untuk  menentukan  orientasi  masjid  tertua  and menggambarkan kesamaan bentuk geometri (denah dan proporsi, antara masjid tertua di Jarusalem dan masjid suci (Ka’bah di Mekah, di bagian pertama penelitian. Bagian kedua penelitian melibatkan kajian beberapa tulisan dari surat wasiat kuno yang mengarah kepada deskripsi arsitektural dan struktural kuil, dengan tujuan mengekspos baik kontradiksi yang mencolok antara tulisan surat wasiat kuno itu sendiri maupun di antara mereka, dan fakta arsitektural dan struktural yang nyata diakui oleh spesialis di lapangan   Kata kunci: masjid tertua, kuil, ka’bah, kesamaan geometri

  17. Analytical and experimental study on complex compressed air pipe network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Yushou; Cai, Maolin; Shi, Yan

    2015-09-01

    To analyze the working characteristics of complex compressed air networks, numerical methods are widely used which are based on finite element technology or intelligent algorithms. However, the effectiveness of the numerical methods is limited. In this paper, to provide a new method to optimize the design and the air supply strategy of the complex compressed air pipe network, firstly, a novel method to analyze the topology structure of the compressed air flow in the pipe network is initially proposed. A matrix is used to describe the topology structure of the compressed air flow. Moreover, based on the analysis of the pressure loss of the pipe network, the relationship between the pressure and the flow of the compressed air is derived, and a prediction method of pressure fluctuation and air flow in a segment in a complex pipe network is proposed. Finally, to inspect the effectiveness of the method, an experiment with a complex network is designed. The pressure and the flow of airflow in the network are measured and studied. The results of the study show that, the predicted results with the proposed method have a good consistency with the experimental results, and that verifies the air flow prediction method of the complex pipe network. This research proposes a new method to analyze the compressed air network and a prediction method of pressure fluctuation and air flow in a segment, which can predicate the fluctuation of the pressure according to the flow of compressed air, and predicate the fluctuation of the flow according to the pressure in a segment of a complex pipe network.

  18. Relative Effects of Explicit and Implicit Feedback: The Role of Working Memory Capacity and Language Analytic Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Yucel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of two cognitive factors (i.e. working memory capacity [WMC] and language analytic ability [LAA]) in the extent to which L2 learners benefit from two different types of feedback (i.e. explicit correction and recasts). Forty-eight adult native speakers of English, who had no previous exposure to…

  19. Analytical techniques applied to study cultural heritage objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzutto, M.A.; Curado, J.F.; Bernardes, S.; Campos, P.H.O.V.; Kajiya, E.A.M.; Silva, T.F.; Rodrigues, C.L.; Moro, M.; Tabacniks, M.; Added, N., E-mail: rizzutto@if.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica

    2015-07-01

    The scientific study of artistic and cultural heritage objects have been routinely performed in Europe and the United States for decades. In Brazil this research area is growing, mainly through the use of physical and chemical characterization methods. Since 2003 the Group of Applied Physics with Particle Accelerators of the Physics Institute of the University of Sao Paulo (GFAA-IF) has been working with various methodologies for material characterization and analysis of cultural objects. Initially using ion beam analysis performed with Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering (RBS) and recently Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL), for the determination of the elements and chemical compounds in the surface layers. These techniques are widely used in the Laboratory of Materials Analysis with Ion Beams (LAMFI-USP). Recently, the GFAA expanded the studies to other possibilities of analysis enabled by imaging techniques that coupled with elemental and compositional characterization provide a better understanding on the materials and techniques used in the creative process in the manufacture of objects. The imaging analysis, mainly used to examine and document artistic and cultural heritage objects, are performed through images with visible light, infrared reflectography (IR), fluorescence with ultraviolet radiation (UV), tangential light and digital radiography. Expanding more the possibilities of analysis, new capabilities were added using portable equipment such as Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) and Raman Spectroscopy that can be used for analysis 'in situ' at the museums. The results of these analyzes are providing valuable information on the manufacturing process and have provided new information on objects of different University of Sao Paulo museums. Improving the arsenal of cultural heritage analysis it was recently constructed an 3D robotic stage for the precise positioning of samples in the external beam setup

  20. Analytical techniques applied to study cultural heritage objects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scientific study of artistic and cultural heritage objects have been routinely performed in Europe and the United States for decades. In Brazil this research area is growing, mainly through the use of physical and chemical characterization methods. Since 2003 the Group of Applied Physics with Particle Accelerators of the Physics Institute of the University of Sao Paulo (GFAA-IF) has been working with various methodologies for material characterization and analysis of cultural objects. Initially using ion beam analysis performed with Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering (RBS) and recently Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL), for the determination of the elements and chemical compounds in the surface layers. These techniques are widely used in the Laboratory of Materials Analysis with Ion Beams (LAMFI-USP). Recently, the GFAA expanded the studies to other possibilities of analysis enabled by imaging techniques that coupled with elemental and compositional characterization provide a better understanding on the materials and techniques used in the creative process in the manufacture of objects. The imaging analysis, mainly used to examine and document artistic and cultural heritage objects, are performed through images with visible light, infrared reflectography (IR), fluorescence with ultraviolet radiation (UV), tangential light and digital radiography. Expanding more the possibilities of analysis, new capabilities were added using portable equipment such as Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) and Raman Spectroscopy that can be used for analysis 'in situ' at the museums. The results of these analyzes are providing valuable information on the manufacturing process and have provided new information on objects of different University of Sao Paulo museums. Improving the arsenal of cultural heritage analysis it was recently constructed an 3D robotic stage for the precise positioning of samples in the external beam setup

  1. An Analytical Study for Subsonic Oblique Wing Transport Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, E. S.; Honrath, J.; Tomlin, K. H.; Swift, G.; Shumpert, P.; Warnock, W.

    1976-01-01

    The oblique wing concept has been investigated for subsonic transport application for a cruise Mach number of 0.95. Three different mission applications were considered and the concept analyzed against the selected mission requirements. Configuration studies determined the best area of applicability to be a commercial passenger transport mission. The critical parameter for the oblique wing concept was found to be aspect ratio which was limited to a value of 6.0 due to aeroelastic divergence. Comparison of the concept final configuration was made with fixed winged configurations designed to cruise at Mach 0.85 and 0.95. The crossover Mach number for the oblique wing concept was found to be Mach 0.91 for takeoff gross weight and direct operating cost. Benefits include reduced takeoff distance, installed thrust and mission block fuel and improved community noise characteristics. The variable geometry feature enables the final configuration to increase range by 10% at Mach 0.712 and to increase endurance by as much as 44%.

  2. Numerical simulation and analytical study of glulam timber beams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Themistoklis Tsalkatidis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Glulam beams or glued-laminated beams consist of sawn lumber laminations (timber bonded with an adhesive material. This paper, through the mathematical description of the contact conditions that apply at the interfaces of glulam beams and the development of two three-dimensional finite element models by the use of the ANSYS software package, studies the flexural properties of unreinforced (UGB and reinforced (RGB glulam beams. The first computational model presents an unreinforced glulam beam that has been produced by three wood laminations of dimensions 6 by 3.6 by 176 cm. The latter one describes a reinforced glulam beam, which has been produced by gluing a 0.15 cm thick steel plate at the bottom edge of the previously described beam. The computational analysis indicates that the two glulam beams have significantly different bearing capacities under the same load and support conditions. The failure mode of the UGB is brittle whereas the one of the RGB is ductile. The numerical results of both models are in close agreement with experimental ones from the international literature.   Keywords: Glulam Timber Beams, Numerical Simulation, Contact.

  3. [Analytical study and physiological consequences of a model of respiration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillez, A

    1979-01-01

    The author, starting from the pattern established by Brocas and Cherruault (1973), develops new equations by considering the dynamics of breathing. He distinguishes space without exhanges, called 'blower' and space with exchanges, called 'exchanger'. The equations are studied and explicit solutions are found by an original method. The necessity for a neutral gas is proved. The author develops periodic functions for ventilation, for gas pressures in the air and in the blood and control functions such as differences of pressure between aerial- and blood-dissolved gas at the bottom of the alveola, consumption of O2 and excretion of CO2 and remaining CO2 in blood. The control functions oscillate around zero for the differences and around constants for the others. Examining the effects of frequency of breathing, blood flow, variations of transerval diffusivities, atmospheric pressure, variation of the dimensions connected with fever, infections, altitude and depth, sclerosis and even emotions, he again determines the pathologies, their auscultation symptoms and other aspects. PMID:478687

  4. Special Issue: “q-Series and Related Topics in Special Functions and Analytic Number Theory”—Foreword

    OpenAIRE

    Hari M. Srivastava

    2013-01-01

    It is indeed a fairly common practice for scientific research journals and scientific research periodicals to publish special issues as well as conference proceedings. Quite frequently, these special issues are devoted exclusively to specific topics and/or are dedicated respectfully to commemorate the celebrated works of renowned research scientists. The following Special Issue: “q-Series and Related Topics in Special Functions and Analytic Number Theory” (see [1–8] below) is an outcome of th...

  5. Experimental and Analytical Studies on Pyroelectric Waste Heat Energy Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Felix

    This study is concerned with direct conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy by subjecting pyroelectric materials to the Olsen cycle. The Olsen cycle consists of two isoelectric field and two isothermal process on the electric displacement versus electric field diagram. The energy and power generation capabilities of copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoridetrifluorethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] films and lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramics were evaluated by executing the Olsen cycle via so-called "stamping experiments" and "dipping experiments". The stamping experiments consisted of alternatively pressing a pyroelectric material in thermal contact with hot and cold aluminum blocks under specified electric fields. It was performed to assess the pyroelectric energy conversion performance using heat conduction. The largest energy density generated in the stamping experiments was 155 J/L/cycle with 60/40 P(VDF-TrFE) thin film at 0.066 Hz between 25 and 110°C and electric fields cycled between 20 and 35 MV/m. This energy density exceeded the 130 J/L/cycle achieved by our previous prototypical device using oscillatory laminar convective heat transfer. However, the performance was limited by poor thermal contact between the aluminum blocks and pyroelectric material and also by excessive leakage current inherent to P(VDF-TrFE) at high temperatures and/or large electric fields. On the other hand, dipping experiments consisted of successively immersing a pyroelectric material into isothermal hot and cold thermal reservoirs at different temperatures while simultaneously cycling the electric fields. It was performed on relaxor ferroelectric x/65/35 PLZT ceramics with x between 5 and 10 mol.%. The operating temperature, applied electric field, sample thickness, cycle frequency, and electrode material were systematically varied to explore their respective effects on the energy and power densities produced. A maximum energy density of 1014 J/L/cycle was obtained with

  6. On analytical study of holographic superconductors with Born-Infeld electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Lai, Chuyu; Jing, Jiliang; Wang, Yongjiu

    2015-01-01

    Based on the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem, Banerjee \\emph{et al.} proposed a perturbative approach to analytically investigate the properties of the ($2+1$)-dimensional superconductor with Born-Infeld electrodynamics [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 87}, 104001 (2013)]. By introducing an iterative procedure, we will further improve the analytical results and the consistency with the numerical findings, and can easily extend the analytical study to the higher-dimensional superconductor with Born-Infeld electrodynamics. We observe that the higher Born-Infeld corrections make it harder for the condensation to form but do not affect the critical phenomena of the system. Our analytical results can be used to back up the numerical computations for the holographic superconductors with various condensates in Born-Infeld electrodynamics.

  7. On analytical study of holographic superconductors with Born–Infeld electrodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuyu Lai

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on the Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problem, Banerjee et al. proposed a perturbative approach to analytically investigate the properties of the (2+1-dimensional superconductor with Born–Infeld electrodynamics (Banerjee et al., 2013 [29]. By introducing an iterative procedure, we will further improve the analytical results and the consistency with the numerical findings, and can easily extend the analytical study to the higher-dimensional superconductor with Born–Infeld electrodynamics. We observe that the higher Born–Infeld corrections make it harder for the condensation to form but do not affect the critical phenomena of the system. Our analytical results can be used to back up the numerical computations for the holographic superconductors with various condensates in Born–Infeld electrodynamics.

  8. Combined approach of grey relational analysis and analytic hierarchy process for ARCAL/IAEA strategic actions prioritization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA technical cooperation (TC) programme is the main mechanism through which the IAEA delivers technical services to its Member States. Through the programme, the IAEA helps Member States to build, strengthen and maintain capacities in the safe, peaceful and secure use of nuclear technology in support of sustainable socioeconomic development. The Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARCAL) is a TC agreement between most IAEA member states in the Latin America and the Caribbean region for technical and economic cooperation to promote the use of nuclear techniques for peace and development. The present study aims to propose a combined approach to prioritize the needs and problems of ARCAL region. To do that, this paper considers the concept of Grey Relational Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process for data treatment, standardization and ranking of those needs and problems. In other words, the proposition intend to reduce the biases that may be introduced along the stage of the needs and problems assessment in the regional strategic profile formulation. (author)

  9. Combined approach of grey relational analysis and analytic hierarchy process for ARCAL/IAEA strategic actions prioritization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Pedro Maffia da; Martins, Eduardo Ferraz; Rondinelli Junior, Francisco, E-mail: pmsilva@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: efmartins@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: rondinel@cnen.gov.br [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Garcia, Pauli Adriano de Almada, E-mail: pauliadriano@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Volta Redonda, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The IAEA technical cooperation (TC) programme is the main mechanism through which the IAEA delivers technical services to its Member States. Through the programme, the IAEA helps Member States to build, strengthen and maintain capacities in the safe, peaceful and secure use of nuclear technology in support of sustainable socioeconomic development. The Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARCAL) is a TC agreement between most IAEA member states in the Latin America and the Caribbean region for technical and economic cooperation to promote the use of nuclear techniques for peace and development. The present study aims to propose a combined approach to prioritize the needs and problems of ARCAL region. To do that, this paper considers the concept of Grey Relational Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process for data treatment, standardization and ranking of those needs and problems. In other words, the proposition intend to reduce the biases that may be introduced along the stage of the needs and problems assessment in the regional strategic profile formulation. (author)

  10. Analytical methods of heat transfer compared with numerical methods as related to nuclear waste repositories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analytical methods were applied to the prediction of the far-field thermal impact of a nuclear waste repository. Specifically, the transformation of coordinates and the Kirchhoff transformation were used to solve one-dimensional nonlinear heat conduction problems. Calculations for the HLW and TRU nuclear waste with initial areal thermal loadings of 12 kW/acre and 0.7 kW/acre, respectively, are carried out for various models. Also, finite difference and finite element methods are applied. The last method is used to solve two-dimensional linear and nonlinear heat conduction problems. Results of the analysis are temperature distributions and temperature histories. Explicit analytical expressions of the maximum temperature rise as a function of the system parameters are presented. The theoretical approaches predict maximum temperature increases in the overburden with an error of 10%. When the finite solid one-dimensional NWR thermal problem is solved with generic salt and HLW thermal load as parameters, the maximum temperature rises predicted by the finite difference and finite element methods had maximum errors of 2.6 and 6.7%, respectively. In all the other cases the finite difference method also gave a smaller error than the finite element method

  11. How Can We Study Learning with Geovisual Analytics Applied to Statistics?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikael Jern

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available It is vital to understand what kind of processes for learning that Geovisual Analytics creates, as certain activities and conditions are produced when employing Geovisual Anlytic tools in education. To understand learning processes created by Geovisual Analytics, first requires an understanding of the interactions between the technology, the workplace where the learning takes place, and learners’ specific knowledge formation. When studying these types of interaction it demands a most critical consideration from theoretical perspectives on research design and methods. This paper first discusses common, and then a more uncommon, theoretical approach used within the fields of learning with multimedia environments and Geovisual Analytics, the socio-cultural theoretical perspective. The paper next advocates this constructivist theoretical and empirical perspective when studying learning with multiple representational Geovisual Analytic tools. To illustrate, an outline of a study made within this theoretical tradition is offered. The study is conducted in an educational setting where the Open Statistics eXplorer platform is used. Discussion of our study results shows that the socio-cultural perspective has much to offer in terms of what kind of understanding can be reached in conducting this kind of studies. Therefore, we argue that empirical research to analyze how specific communities use various Geovisual Analytics to evaluate information is best positioned in a socio-cultural theoretical perspective.

  12. Case Study: IBM Watson Analytics Cloud Platform as Analytics-as-a-Service System for Heart Failure Early Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Guidi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the recent years the progress in technology and the increasing availability of fast connections have produced a migration of functionalities in Information Technologies services, from static servers to distributed technologies. This article describes the main tools available on the market to perform Analytics as a Service (AaaS using a cloud platform. It is also described a use case of IBM Watson Analytics, a cloud system for data analytics, applied to the following research scope: detecting the presence or absence of Heart Failure disease using nothing more than the electrocardiographic signal, in particular through the analysis of Heart Rate Variability. The obtained results are comparable with those coming from the literature, in terms of accuracy and predictive power. Advantages and drawbacks of cloud versus static approaches are discussed in the last sections.

  13. Synchrotron Radiation and Related Nuclear Analytical Techniques for the Study on Biological Effects of Nanomaterials%同步辐射及相关核分析技术在纳米材料生物效应研究中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲颖; 李玉锋; 陈春英

    2011-01-01

    伴随纳米技术的发展,纳米材料的生物效应研究成为热点,然而这一新兴的研究领域对传统的研究方法提出了挑战,其深入研究有赖于方法学的发展。同步辐射是具有高亮度、高准直、宽频谱等优异性质的光源,在元素分析及物质原子或分子尺度的结构表征方面具有独特的优势。本文介绍了同步辐射及相关核分析技术,主要包括同步辐射X荧光分析、同步辐射X射线吸收光谱(扩展X射线吸收精细结构EXAFS,X射线吸收近边结构XANES)、同步辐射圆二色谱、电感耦合等离子体质谱、中子活化分析、同位素示踪技术等在纳米生物效应研究中的应用。结合本实验室%With the rapid development of nanotechnology,studies on biological effects of nanomaterials have becoming hotspots.However,the fully understanding of fate and toxicological behavior of nanomaterials as a result of interactions with complex biosystem are highly dependent on the reliable analytical techniques.Synchrotron radiation is an advanced light source with notable quality such as high brightness,high level of polarization,high collimation,high brilliance,high intensity and wide tunability in energy/wavelength.It provides particular advantages in elemental mapping and structure characterization of nanomaterials.In this paper,the applications of synchrotron radiation and related nuclear analytical techniques in the studies on the toxicological or biological behaviors of nanomaterials in biological systems are critically reviewed,along with their advantages and limitations.Mentioned techniques include synchrotron radiation X ray fluorescence(SRXRF),X-ray absorption fine structure(XAFS,XANES and EXAFS),synchrotron radiation circular dichroism spectroscopy(SRCD),inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS),neutron activation analysis(NAA),and isotopic tracing.High throughput quantification of nanomaterials can be achieved by

  14. Analytical Method Development & Validation for Related Substances Method of Busulfan Injection by Ion Chromatography Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rewaria S

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A new simple, accurate, precise and reproducible Ion chromatography method has been developed forthe estimation of Methane sulfonic acid in Busulfan injectable dosage. The method which is developedis also validated in complete compliance with the current regulatory guidelines by using well developedanalytical method validation techniques and tools which comprises with the analytical method validationparameters like Linearity, LOD and LOQ determination, Accuracy, Method precision, Specificity,System suitability, Robustness, Ruggedness etc. by adopting the current method the linearity obtained isnear to 0.999 and thus this shows that the method is capable to give a good detector response, therecovery calculated was within the range of 85% to 115% of the specification limits.

  15. A UA(1 symmetry restoration scenario supported by the generalized Witten–Veneziano relation and its analytic solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Benić

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Witten–Veneziano relation, or, alternatively, its generalization proposed by Shore, facilitates understanding and describing the complex of η and η′ mesons. We present an analytic, closed-form solution to Shore's equations which gives results on the η–η′ complex in full agreement with results previously obtained numerically. Although the Witten–Veneziano relation and Shore's equations are related, the ways they were previously used in the context of dynamical models to calculate η and η′ properties, were rather different. However, with the analytic solution, the calculation can be formulated similarly to the approach through the Witten–Veneziano relation, and with some conceptual improvements. In the process, one strengthens the arguments in favor of a possible relation between the UA(1 and SUA(3 chiral symmetry breaking and restoration. To test this scenario, the experiments such as those at RHIC, NICA and FAIR, which extend the RHIC (and LHC high-temperature scans also to the finite-density parts of the QCD phase diagram, should pay particular attention to the signatures from the η′–η complex indicating the symmetry restoration.

  16. A STUDY OF CONVERSIONS OF LAPAROSOCOPIC SURGERIES INTO OPEN SURGERIES: A ANALYTICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkata Reddy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The aim of present study is to know the Conversions in Laparoscopic surgery to Open surgery in The patients of all the surgical units in the Department of General Surgery, Government General Hospital, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada over a period of 2 years from July 2013 to July 2015. The Objectives of present study is to compare the Conversion Rates of Laparoscopic Surgery to Open Surgery and the factors causing Conversion to Open Surgery in our institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS The protocol is approved by institution ethics committee and written informed consent was taken from each patient. Present clinical Study is an Analytical study conducted over period of 2 years from July 2013 to July 2015 in the Department of General Surgery, Government General Hospital, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh. RESULTS Total number of 536 laparoscopic surgeries were attempted in elective operation theatres with 21 cases out of 536 cases were converted from laparoscopy to open surgery. Total conversion rate in present study is 4%. Most of conversions occurred in laparoscopic chelecystectomy 5.73% cases in comparison to laparoscopic appendectomy 2.26% and laparoscopic hernia repair with 0%. CONCLUSIONS Over all conversion rates of laparoscopic procedure into open surgery is low when compared to other international studies. Most common causes of conversion in present study is altered anatomy, adhesions and intra operative bleed. Conversion of laparoscopic surgery into open surgery resulted in decreased morbidity, complications and increase in duration of hospital stay

  17. Analytical Study of High Concentration PCB Paint at the Heavy Water Components Test Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides results of an analytical study of high concentration PCB paint in a shutdown nuclear test reactor located at the US Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS). The study was designed to obtain data relevant for an evaluation of potential hazards associated with the use of and exposure to such paints

  18. Analytical Study of High Concentration PCB Paint at the Heavy Water Components Test Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lowry, N.J.

    1998-10-21

    This report provides results of an analytical study of high concentration PCB paint in a shutdown nuclear test reactor located at the US Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS). The study was designed to obtain data relevant for an evaluation of potential hazards associated with the use of and exposure to such paints.

  19. Speciation of trace elements in biological samples by nuclear analytical and related techniques coupled with chemical and biochemical separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, most analytical problems relating to biological systems were addressed by measuring the total concentrations of elements. Now there is increasing interest of the importance of their chemical forms, in which an element is present in biological systems, e.g., the oxidation state, the binding state with macromolecules, or even the molecular structure. The biological effects of chromium, which is classified as an essential nutrient, are dependent upon its oxidation. state. In general, trivalent chromium is biochemically active, whereas hexavalent chromium is considered to be toxic. Mercury is one of serious environmental persistent pollutants. However, organic forms of mercury are known to possess much higher toxicity than inorganic mercury. Therefore, information on speciation is critically required in order to better understanding of their bioavailability, metabolism, transformation, and toxicity in vivo. Recently, chemical speciation of selenium, mercury, copper, zinc, iron, and so on, has been investigated by INAA, ICP-MS, XRF, EXAFS and related techniques combined with chemical and biochemical separation (extraction, chromatography, gel electrophoresis, etc.). INAA, XRF, and ICP-MS have superior advantages in aspect of multielemental analysis with high accuracy and sensitivity, which render the possibility of analyzing various elements of interest simultaneously. These offline or online techniques have been flexibly applied to different biological matrixes, such as human hair, serum, urine, various tissues and organs in our researches. In addition, EXAFS provides structural information about the moiety of metal centers up to a distance of approximately 4-5 Anstrom. For instance, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Imbalance of elements, such as Se, Zn, Fe, Cu, Cd, Ca, etc., has been found in the whole blood or serum of patients with HCC. We found that the profiles of Se, Cd, Fe, Zn and Cu-containing proteins

  20. Applying Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Relation Analysis to Evaluate the Supply Chain Performance of the Wafer Testing House

    OpenAIRE

    Yun-Chin Chen; Jun-Yuan Kuo; Bang-Ting Luo

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: In the information age, the process of E-Commerce (EC) operates quickly and the present enterprises of Taiwan have to face the Free Cross-Strait Market (FCSM) with Mainland China, which will definitely change the model as well as the performance of the supply chain. Hence, this study focuses on the issue of supply chain performance evaluation of the wafer testing house in Taiwan. Approach: This investigation applied the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) to derive the ...

  1. Atmospheric pollution in the Tula Industrial Corridor studied using a bio monitor and nuclear analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study deals with the application of nuclear analytical techniques to analyze trace elements in the biological monitor Tillandsia usneoides. Biological monitors provides an alternative advantageous way of particulate matter sampling in air pollution studies, since there is no need of special sampling devices, accumulation time can be as long as desired. T. usneoides, which occurs naturally throughout Mexico, was used to monitor air quality of Tula-Vito-Apasco (TVA) industrial corridor at central Mexico. This area is considered one of the critical zones of the country because of atmospheric contaminants high concentration. Particulate matter is regulated by Mexican norms, but its chemical composition is not. Plants were transplanted from a clean environment to four sites at the TVA corridor, and exposed for 12 weeks from February to April 2008. Trace element accumulation of plants was determined by particle induced X-ray emission and neutron activation analysis. Results reveal differences in trace elements distribution among sites in the TVA corridor. Furthermore, anthropogenic elements (S, V) and crustal elements (Ca) in T. usneoides exhibit high levels. Highly toxic elements such as Hg, As and Cr although present at trace levels, showed un enrichment relative to the initial values, when transplanted to the TVA corridor. Results show that monitoring with T. usneoides allows a first approximation of air sources to provide insights of the atmospheric pollution in the TVA corridor. (Author)

  2. Trace element air pollution monitoring studies in Slovenia using nuclear analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, only a few investigations have been performed in Slovenia concerning trace elements, toxic elements, heavy metals and radionuclides in the atmosphere. During recent years, several projects were initiated, involving health-related studies connected to air pollution in highly exposed areas, mapping the status of air pollution in the whole country using biomonitors, as well as some specific research, i.e. involving studies of mercury speciation in the atmosphere around a mercury mine or concentration levels of radionuclides in biomonitors around a uranium mine. Since all these projects were or are of a preliminary nature, in this report, the emphasis is mainly on the methodology and analytical development (neutron activation analysis and X-ray spectrometry), and to a lesser extent on the results obtained up to now. Efforts are being put into co-ordination of all the presently running projects in order to complement the results and to make a unified database for their later evaluation and statistical interpretation. (author). 22 refs, 1 fig., 1 tab

  3. Analytical study of ancient pottery from the archaeological site of Aiani, northern Greece

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study is a multi-analytical approach on the characterization of several potsherd samples, dated from prehistoric to hellenistic times, from Aiani, ancient Upper Macedonia, northern Greece. In particular, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy, coupled with Energy Dispersive X-ray system (ESEM-EDX) were used for the determination of the morphological, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the potsherds. The preliminary results indicated a rather local provenance of the analyzed ancient pottery samples and a finer texture and thus better ceramic manufacture as getting to hellenistic era. The use of a silicious or calcerous raw material is probably related to the specific utilization of each ceramic vessel in ancient times. The presence of gehlenite or pyroxene minerals in the ceramic matrix indicated higher firing temperatures, while lower temperatures were deduced when finding phylosilicate minerals. The preliminary results of this study do not necessarily imply that all the pottery of this area, belonging to the same chronological type, have similar physicochemical characteristics

  4. Analytical study on system identification of fixed base transfer functions for an embedded reactor building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    System identification method proposed by the authors to estimate the dynamic characteristic of a building itself, under an imaginary fixed base condition in the other words, is studied for buildings with large soil-structure interaction (SSI) effect. The applicability of the method to buildings with embedment is studied in this paper. The assumed system model for the method is slightly different from the actual SSI system. This difference as well as the additional input to the underground wall may produce some system identification error. For these reasons, the proposed method and other spectral analysis procedures as well as the ARX method are applied to the response of an analytical model and results are compared. The benefit of the use of such model response instead of actual measured data is that the causality is very clear. In result, relative merits and demerits of the methods, cause and mechanism of them become clear. Furthermore, the applicability of the proposed method is confirmed. Such a method can be used to check the change of dynamic characteristics of the buildings after large earthquakes or long-term service. (author)

  5. Analytical study of synchronization in spin-transfer-driven magnetization dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonin, Roberto [Politecnico di Torino - sede di Verres, via Luigi Barone 8, I-11029 Verres (Italy); Bertotti, Giorgio; Bortolotti, Paolo [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada delle Cacce 91, I-10135 Torino (Italy); Serpico, Claudio [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , via Claudio 21, I-80125 Napoli (Italy); D' Aquino, Massimiliano [Dipartimento per le Tecnologie, Universita di Napoli ' Parthenope' , via Medina 40, I-80133 Napoli (Italy); Mayergoyz, Isaak D, E-mail: p.bortolotti@inrim.i [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and UMIACS, University of Maryland, College Park MD 20742 (United States)

    2010-01-01

    An analytical study of the synchronization effects in spin-transfer-driven nanomagnets subjected to either microwave magnetic fields or microwave electrical currents is discussed. Appropriate stability diagrams are constructed and the conditions under which the current-induced magnetization precession is synchronized by the microwave external excitation are derived and discussed. Analytical predictions are given for the existence of phase-locking effects in current-induced magnetization precessions and for the occurrence of hysteresis in phase-locking as a function of the spin-polarized current.

  6. Analytical study of synchronization in spin-transfer-driven magnetization dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analytical study of the synchronization effects in spin-transfer-driven nanomagnets subjected to either microwave magnetic fields or microwave electrical currents is discussed. Appropriate stability diagrams are constructed and the conditions under which the current-induced magnetization precession is synchronized by the microwave external excitation are derived and discussed. Analytical predictions are given for the existence of phase-locking effects in current-induced magnetization precessions and for the occurrence of hysteresis in phase-locking as a function of the spin-polarized current.

  7. Analytic study of the null singularity inside spherical charged black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Burko, L M; Burko, Lior M.; Ori, Amos

    1998-01-01

    We study analytically the features of the Cauchy horizon (CH) singularity inside a spherically-symmetric charged black hole, nonlinearly perturbed by a self-gravitating massless scalar field. We derive exact expressions for the divergence rate of the blue-shift factors, namely the derivatives in the outgoing direction of the scalar field $\\Phi$ and the area coordinate $r$. Both derivatives are found to grow along the contracting CH exactly like $1/r$. Our results are valid everywhere along the CH singularity, up to the point of full focusing. These exact analytic expressions are verified numerically.

  8. Analytical study of contact behavior of a section of a pipeline with a viscoelastic repair layer

    OpenAIRE

    Львов, Г. I.; Мартиненко, В. Г.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper an analytical study on a stress-strain state of a steel pipeline section with a repair fi-berglass viscoelastic layer is described. The layer is considered long enough that allows to solve the problem in a flat axisymmetric statement. The analytical model including accounting of an isotropic viscoelasticity involves the need to construct and solve the boundary value problem for a system of integro-differential equations. In order to do it an approach based on a method of differe...

  9. Analytical Laboratories

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — NETL’s analytical laboratories in Pittsburgh, PA, and Albany, OR, give researchers access to the equipment they need to thoroughly study the properties of materials...

  10. Ranking Documents Based on the Semantic Relations Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali I. El-Dsouky

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth of the World Wide Web comes the need for a fast and accurate way to reach the information required. Search engines play an important role in retrieving the required information for users. Ranking algorithms are an important step in search engines so that the user could retrieve the pages most relevant to his query. In this work, we present a method for utilizing genealogical information from ontology to find the suitable hierarchical concepts for query extension, and ranking web pages based on semantic relations of the hierarchical concepts related to query terms, taking into consideration the hierarchical relations of domain searched (sibling, synonyms and hyponyms by different weighting based on AHP method. So, it provides an accurate solution for ranking documents when compared to the three common methods.

  11. An analytic study of applying miller cycle to reduce nox emission from petrol engine

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yaodong; Lin, Lin; Roskilly, Antony P.; Zeng, Shengchuo; Huang, Jincheng; He, Yunxin; Huang, Xiaodong; Huang, Huilan; Wei, Haiyan; Li, Shangping; Yang, J

    2007-01-01

    An analytic study of applying miller cycle to reduce nox emission from petrol engine correspondence: Corresponding author. Tel.: +0044 191 2223522; fax: +0044 191 2225491. (Wang, Yaodong) (Wang, Yaodong) School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University - Newcastle upon Tyne--> , NE1 7RU--> - UNITED KINGDOM (Wang, Yaodong) Mechanical Engineering College, Guangxi University - Nanning--...

  12. Integrability, analyticity, isochrony, equilibria, small oscillations, and Diophantine relations: results from the stationary Burgers hierarchy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruschi, M; Calogero, F [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' La Sapienza' , 00185 Roma (Italy); Droghei, R [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre (Italy)], E-mail: mario.bruschi@roma1.infn.it, E-mail: francesco.calogero@roma1.infn.it, E-mail: francesco.calogero@uniroma1.it, E-mail: droghei@fis.uniroma3.it

    2009-11-27

    An isochronous system is introduced by modifying the Nth ODE of the stationary Burgers hierarchy, and then, by investigating its behaviour near its equilibria, neat Diophantine relations are identified, involving (well-known) polynomials of arbitrary degree having integer zeros, or equivalently matrices the determinants of which yield such polynomials. The basic idea to arrive at such relations is not new, but the specific application reported in this paper is new, and it is likely to open the way to several analogous new findings.

  13. Analytical quality assurance in laboratories using tracers for biological and environmental studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describe the way we are organizing a quality assurance system to apply in the analytical measurements of the relation 14N/15N in biological and soil material. The relation 14/15 is measured with a optic emission spectrometer (NOI6PC), which distinguish the differences in wave length of electromagnetic radiation emitted by N-28, N-29 and N-30. The major problem is the 'cross contamination' of samples with different enrichments. The elements that are been considered to reach satisfactory analytical results are: 1) A proper working area; 2) The samples must be homogeneous and the samples must represent the whole sampled system; 3) The use of reference materials. In each digestion, a known reference sample must be added; 4) Adequate equipment operation; 5) Standard operating procedures; 6) Control charts, laboratory and equipment books. All operations using the equipment is registered in a book; 7) Training of the operators. (author)

  14. Isotopic composition of pore water in the Tournemire argilites (Aveyron, France): inter-comparison study of analytical methods and relations with petrophysical parameters; Etude de la composition isotopique des eaux porales de l'argilite de Tournemire: inter-comparaison des methodes de mesure et relations avec les parametres petrophysiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Altinier, M.V

    2006-06-15

    Stable isotope profiles of pore water in argillaceous rocks are used to characterize fluid migration through these rocks. However, the very low water contents, less than 5% by wet weight, and the small pore sizes (<10 nm) make difficult the access to pore water. In order to assess the representativeness of stable isotopes data in pore water from Tournemire shale (IRSN experimental facility), we made a comparative study by using vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C and 150 deg. C, diffusion in liquid phase and diffusive exchange in vapour phase, together with a study of petrophysical and mineralogical properties of the rock. The results show a good agreement between the water contents determined by heating and vacuum distillation at 150 deg. C and by equilibration techniques. On the other hand, vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C allows to extract less than 90% of the extractable water by heating at 150 deg. C; leading to a depletion in heavy isotopes of extracted water, which can be corrected by using a Rayleigh-type model. Finally, we studied a perpendicular profile to a fracture in order to determine the origin of heavy isotope enrichment of pore water that was observed, in previous works, in the vicinity of fractures (less than one meter). It seems that water content, which increases near the fracture, associated with a more important proportion of bigger pores ({phi} {approx} 10 - 180 nm), would be at the origin of the isotopic anomalies determined by vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C. Preponderance of bigger pores near the fractures would facilitate mobilization of pore water and its extraction by vacuum distillation at 50 deg. C, reducing the effects of incomplete distillation. (author)

  15. The relation between child and parent anxiety and parental control: A meta-analytic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.O. van der Bruggen; G.J.J.M. Stams; S.M. Bögels

    2008-01-01

    Background: There is growing research interest in the association between parental control and child anxiety. Parental control may enhance child anxiety and parents may exert control in anticipation of their child's anxiety-related distress. Moreover, high levels of anxiety in parents could influenc

  16. Tools for Large-Scale Data Analytic Examination of Relational and Epistemic Networks in Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhavan, Krishna; Johri, Aditya; Xian, Hanjun; Wang, G. Alan; Liu, Xiaomo

    2014-01-01

    The proliferation of digital information technologies and related infrastructure has given rise to novel ways of capturing, storing and analyzing data. In this paper, we describe the research and development of an information system called Interactive Knowledge Networks for Engineering Education Research (iKNEER). This system utilizes a framework…

  17. A comparative analytical study of low-level motion estimators in space-time images

    OpenAIRE

    Jähne, Bernd

    1994-01-01

    Various concepts for low-level motion estimation based on differential, tensor, and phase methods are revisited. They are reformulated in a unified way as filter methods in the continuous space-time domain. This approach allows inherent conceptual deficits to be distinguished from those related to the implementation in discrete space. A detailed analytical error analysis is performed. All techniques yield unbiased motion estimates for areas of constant velocity with any type of gray value str...

  18. Analytical study of propagation and absorption of nearly perpendicular injected electron cyclotron ordinary wave

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relativistic dispersion relation of a nearly perpendicular injected electron cyclotron wave is solved in different regions. The coupling of the O-mode and the X-mode is described by a correct expression qualitatively different from that obtained from the non-relativistic approximation. The damping factor shows that wave absorption is due to two mechanisms: the relativistic O-mode damping and the coupled X-mode damping. Analytic expression for these damping is obtained

  19. Peer relations scale for adolescents treated for substance use disorder: a factor analytic presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Ping

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The literature indicates that peer relations are an important aspect of the treatment and recovery of adolescents with substance use disorder (SUD. Unfortunately, no standard measure of peer relations exists. The objective of this research is to use exploratory factor analysis to examine the underlying factor structure of a 14-item peer relations scale for use in this treatment population. Methods Participants are 509 adolescents discharged from primary substance abuse treatment from 2003–2010. The data are from research conducted between six and twelve months post discharge via a 230-item questionnaire that included the 14-item peer relations scale. The scale has questions that assess the degree to which the adolescent's social contacts conform to norms of positive behavior and therefore foster non-use and recovery. The response rate was 62%. Results The scale was decomposed by principal component factor analysis. When the matrix was rotated by varimax a three factor solution explaining 99.99% of the common variance emerged. The first factor yielded ten items that measure association with peers who engage in positive versus delinquent social behavior (positive versus negative social behavior. The three items in the second factor specify association with peers who use versus those who don’t use drugs, and thereby encourage recovery and discourage drug use (drug use. The third and factor contained two items measuring the degree to which the recovering adolescent associates with new or previous friends (post treatment peer association. Conclusions This scale is useful as a standard measure in that it begins to identify the measurable dimensions of peer relations that influence sustaining post treatment recovery.

  20. Determining New Markets Using Analytic Hierarchy Process: Case Study in Güral Porcelain

    OpenAIRE

    Habibe Yelda Sener

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to solve the problem of determining the most appropriate new market upon which GüralPorcelain, a Turkish ceramic company exporting to various countries, will invest within the scope of marketdevelopment strategy. In accordance with the purpose of the study, analytic hierarchy process (AHP), whichenables to choose the most appropriate one among the alternatives by using both numeric and nonnumericcriteria, was used. The study was carried out together with Güral Porcela...

  1. Applicability of bioanalysis of multiple analytes in drug discovery and development: review of select case studies including assay development considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivas, Nuggehally R

    2006-05-01

    The development of sound bioanalytical method(s) is of paramount importance during the process of drug discovery and development culminating in a marketing approval. Although the bioanalytical procedure(s) originally developed during the discovery stage may not necessarily be fit to support the drug development scenario, they may be suitably modified and validated, as deemed necessary. Several reviews have appeared over the years describing analytical approaches including various techniques, detection systems, automation tools that are available for an effective separation, enhanced selectivity and sensitivity for quantitation of many analytes. The intention of this review is to cover various key areas where analytical method development becomes necessary during different stages of drug discovery research and development process. The key areas covered in this article with relevant case studies include: (a) simultaneous assay for parent compound and metabolites that are purported to display pharmacological activity; (b) bioanalytical procedures for determination of multiple drugs in combating a disease; (c) analytical measurement of chirality aspects in the pharmacokinetics, metabolism and biotransformation investigations; (d) drug monitoring for therapeutic benefits and/or occupational hazard; (e) analysis of drugs from complex and/or less frequently used matrices; (f) analytical determination during in vitro experiments (metabolism and permeability related) and in situ intestinal perfusion experiments; (g) determination of a major metabolite as a surrogate for the parent molecule; (h) analytical approaches for universal determination of CYP450 probe substrates and metabolites; (i) analytical applicability to prodrug evaluations-simultaneous determination of prodrug, parent and metabolites; (j) quantitative determination of parent compound and/or phase II metabolite(s) via direct or indirect approaches; (k) applicability in analysis of multiple compounds in select

  2. Multidimensional or Relational? / How to Organize an On-line Analytical Processing Database

    OpenAIRE

    Szépkúti, István

    2011-01-01

    In the past few years, the number of OLAP applications increased quickly. These applications use two significantly different DB structures: multidimensional (MD) and table-based. One can show that the traditional model of relational databases cannot make difference between these two structures. Another model is necessary to make the differences visible. One of these is the speed of the system. It can be proven that the multidimensional DB organization results in shorter response times. And it...

  3. History-dependent dynamics in a generic model of ion channels - an analytic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Soudry

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Recent experiments have demonstrated that the timescale of adaptation of single neurons and ion channel populations to stimuli slows down as the length of stimulation increases; in fact, no upper bound on temporal time-scales seems to exist in such systems. Furthermore, patch clamp experiments on single ion channels have hinted at the existence of large, mostly unobservable, inactivation state spaces within a single ion channel. This raises the question of the relation between this multitude of inactivation states and the observed behavior. In this work we propose a minimal model for ion channel dynamics which does not assume any specific structure of the inactivation state space. The model is simple enough to render an analytical study possible. This leads to a clear and concise explanation of the experimentally observed exponential history-dependent relaxation in sodium channels in a voltage clamp setting, and shows that their recovery rate from slow inactivation must be voltage dependent. Furthermore, we predict that history-dependent relaxation cannot be created by overly sparse spiking activity. While the model was created with ion channel populations in mind, its simplicity and genericalness render it a good starting point for modeling similar effects in other systems, and for scaling up to higher levels such as single neurons which are also known to exhibit multiple time scales.

  4. The Relation between Insecure Attachment and Child Anxiety: A Meta-Analytic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colonnesi, Cristina; Draijer, Evalijn M.; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.; Van der Bruggen, Corine O.; Bogels, Susan M.; Noom, Marc J.

    2011-01-01

    Attachment theory suggests that children's attachment insecurity plays a key role in the development of anxiety. In the present study we evaluated the empirical evidence for the link between insecure attachment and anxiety from early childhood to adolescence. A meta-analysis of 46 studies, from 1984 to 2010, including 8,907 children, was…

  5. Analytical and Comparative Study of Characteristics Curriculum Higher Education for Distance Studies in Iran and England and India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Aghazade

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the research Analytical and Comparative study of characteristics curriculum higher education for Distance studies in Iran and England and India In this study the similarities and differences of curriculum characteristics of higher education institutions in these countries from a distance in order to improve the Iranian education system of comparison. Comparative cultural research study by type-descriptive Anatomy descriptive and its methods based on comparative analysis, in accordance with the method and procedures shall be such as brodi Required information for responsiveness to questions through a library of documents and search the global network of original articles and reports on related and Internet sites of the Ministry of higher education and research in developing countries is gathering case study The most important results obtained have shown that the use of successful experiences in the developing countries and its localization and drawing the landscape of higher education from a distance due to raise the power of selecting students, promotion of innovation and action fronts and be remote education system accordingly to the necessity of integrated approach on Integrated and methods of distance learning and paying attention to the fundamentals, and This system students individual differences in axial and educational emphasis on design.

  6. Chasing the Effects of Pre-Analytical Confounders - A Multicenter Study on CSF-AD Biomarkers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leitão, Maria João; Baldeiras, Inês; Herukka, Sanna-Kaisa;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Core cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers - Aβ42, Tau, and phosphorylated Tau (pTau) - have been recently incorporated in the revised criteria for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, their widespread clinical application lacks standardization. Pre-analytical sample handling and storage...... play an important role in the reliable measurement of these biomarkers across laboratories. AIM: In this study, we aim to surpass the efforts from previous studies, by employing a multicenter approach to assess the impact of less studied CSF pre-analytical confounders in AD-biomarkers quantification....... METHODS: Four different centers participated in this study and followed the same established protocol. CSF samples were analyzed for three biomarkers (Aβ42, Tau, and pTau) and tested for different spinning conditions [temperature: room temperature (RT) vs. 4°C; speed: 500 vs. 2000 vs. 3000 g], storage...

  7. Novel analytical technique to study nucleobase influence on DNA strand breaks caused by direct ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. Analysis of the reactions involved in the direct effect of ionizing radiation on DNA is crucial to assessing the risks related with exposure at low dose. The direct interaction of ionizing radiation with DNA initially results in free radicals situated on bases and the backbone, which eventually lead to stable end products that include strand breaks (sb) and free nucleobase release (fbr). The yields of these two products are thought to be related because ejection of an electron from the DNA backbone produces a radical cation that deprotonates to yield a neutral carbon-centered deoxyribose radical. These neutral radicals react when dissolved to produce one strand break and one free base each. Therefore fbr can be used as an indicator of sb. It is commonly presumed that that sb occur independent of the surrounding base context. However recent studies have indicated that a base may indeed have influence over the probability of sb at its backbone unit. In one such study, films prepared from 10- to 30-mer DNA duplexes were irradiated at RT under air using X-rays generated by a tungsten tube operated at 70 kV. The films were dissolved in nuclease free water and stored at 277 K. Unaltered free base release was measured using HPLC, and the yields determined for each base were not strictly proportionate to their presence in the DNA sequence. In fact, this study indicated that strand breaks may be influenced by a number of factors including position within the oligomer as well as the base and its base context. The current study involves further analysis of these factors; instead of using HPLC to separate and measure fbr, which is time consuming and expensive, a novel analytical technique is being used to determine the amount and ratio of fbr for each of the four bases. This technique involves separation of free bases from bulk DNA using filters followed by decomposition of the UV spectra of mixtures of bases at different pH. Decomposition

  8. Mechanical Properties of a ferrofluid seal: three-dimensional analytical study based on the coulombian model

    OpenAIRE

    Ravaud, Romain; Lemarquand, Guy

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a general method for studying the mechanical properties of a ferrofluid seal by using a three-dimensional analytical approach based on the coulombian model of a magnet. The fundamental Maxwell's equations lead us to define the concept of magnetic energy of the ferrofluid seal by using only the three-dimensional equations of the magnetic field created by ring permanent magnets radially magnetized. Our study corresponds to the specific case when the ferrofluid is submitted t...

  9. Design of ironless loudspeakers with ferrofluid seals: analytical study based on the coulombian model

    OpenAIRE

    Ravaud, Romain; Lemarquand, Guy

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an analytical method based on the coulombian model of a magnet for studying a ferrofluid seal in ironless electrodynamic loudspeakers. Such an approach differs from the ones generally used for studying such geometries because the ferrofluid used is submitted to a very high magnetic field. Consequently, its shape and its mechanical properties depend mainly on the magnetic field produced by the permanent magnets that constitute the ironless structure. The motor is constitute...

  10. ROLE OF EXTERNAL COMMERCIAL BORROWINGS IN DEVELOPING ECONOMY: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY WITH REFERENCE TO INDIAN ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    Vivek Sharma; Budheshwar Prasad Singhraul

    2014-01-01

    The prominent question of debate in current scenario is the role of international finance in economic development of India. The objective of this analytical study is to evaluate the performance and impact of international finance on developing economies, in special consideration of Indian economy. The study of this paper is conducted by collecting primary data as well as secondary data. In the developing economies there has been a large need of foreign investment to increase ...

  11. Analytic Study of First-Order Phase Transition in Holographic Superconductor and Superfluid

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Wung-Hong

    2013-01-01

    We use the matching method to investigate the first-order phase transition in holographic superconductor and superfluid. We first use the simple holographic superconductor model to describe the matching method and mention how to see the first-order phase transition. Next, we study the holographic superconductor with St\\"uckelberg term and see that the analytic results indicate the existence of first-order phase transition. Finally, we study the holographic superfluid and show that the first-o...

  12. Studies of aerosol particle formation from various sources using ion and electron beam analytical techniques.

    OpenAIRE

    Gharibi, Arash

    2006-01-01

    The thesis presents the results of studies of aerosol particle formation using ion and electron beam analytical techniques. The sources of aerosol particle formation studied are the following: 1. production of primary aerosol particles in the high Arctic region during summers 2. emission of ultrafine aerosol particles from wear on the road-tire interface 3. emission of aerosol particles from district heating units operating on three commonly-used biofuels. A source...

  13. Assaying and smelting noble metals in sixteenth-century Austria: a comparative analytical study

    OpenAIRE

    Mongiatti, A.

    2009-01-01

    This thesis aims primarily at furthering our understanding of the technologies involved in the metallurgy of precious metals during the Renaissance, by combining a critical evaluation of historical texts with the analytical study of contemporary archaeological remains. In particular, this work focuses on high-temperature processes performed in the fire assay and smelting of ores, by investigating two archaeological case studies from sixteenth-century Austria: the small-scale laboratory of Obe...

  14. The Arabic Web Sites On Library and Information Science : An Analytic Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoud A.Sattar Khalifa

    2005-01-01

    Analytic study about the Arabic Web Sites On Library and Information Science, it collected 151 Arabic web site and analysis them according to: categories of the web sites, domain names, geographical distribution, languages, libraries web sites and their catalogs, geographical distribution, and types , and metadata and usage of Dublin Core standards, finally the study give the international ranking of Arabic web sites according to Alexa's ranking services.

  15. Numerical simulation and experimental validation of the three-dimensional flow field and relative analyte concentration distribution in an atmospheric pressure ion source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehler, Thorsten; Kunte, Robert; Hoenen, Herwart; Jeschke, Peter; Wissdorf, Walter; Brockmann, Klaus J; Benter, Thorsten

    2011-11-01

    In this study, the validation and analysis of steady state numerical simulations of the gas flows within a multi-purpose ion source (MPIS) are presented. The experimental results were obtained with particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a non-scaled MPIS. Two-dimensional time-averaged velocity and turbulent kinetic energy distributions are presented for two dry gas volume flow rates. The numerical results of the validation simulations are in very good agreement with the experimental data. All significant flow features have been correctly predicted within the accuracy of the experiments. For technical reasons, the experiments were conducted at room temperature. Thus, numerical simulations of ionization conditions at two operating points of the MPIS are also presented. It is clearly shown that the dry gas volume flow rate has the most significant impact on the overall flow pattern within the APLI source; far less critical is the (larger) nebulization gas flow. In addition to the approximate solution of Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations, a transport equation for the relative analyte concentration has been solved. The results yield information on the three-dimensional analyte distribution within the source. It becomes evident that for ion transport into the MS ion transfer capillary, electromagnetic forces are at least as important as fluid dynamic forces. However, only the fluid dynamics determines the three-dimensional distribution of analyte gas. Thus, local flow phenomena in close proximity to the spray shield are strongly impacting on the ionization efficiency. PMID:21952755

  16. Serum vitamin d levels and the components of metabolic syndrome: an analytical cross-sectional study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study was planned to determine the serum vitamin D levels and its relation with the various components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in MetS positive and MetS negative subjects. Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study on 88 subjects who were divided into two groups based on whether they fulfill the diagnostic criteria for MetS or not. Fasting serum glucose, lipid profile, insulin, HOMA-IR and vitamin D levels were measured. Two sample-t test and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare the differences. Pearson and Spearman correlation tests were used to observe the correlations. Results: BMI (p=0.001), waist/hip ratio (p=0.001), systolic blood pressure (p=0.010), diastolic blood pressure (p=0.010), fasting serum TGs (p = 0.001), TG/HDL ratio (p=0.001), fasting blood sugar (p=0.010), fasting serum insulin (p = 0.001) and HOMA-IR (p=0.001) were significantly high in MetS positive than MetS negative subjects. In MetS Positive subjects, serum vitamin D levels were found to have negative correlation with serum LDL (r= -0.485, p=0.001), total cholesterol (r= -0.408, p=0.007) and total cholesterol/HDL ratio (r= -0.355, p=0.019). Moreover, serum vitamin D levels were found to have positive correlation with HDL/LDL ratio (r= 0.443, p=0.003). Other components of MetS did not show significant correlation with serum vitamin D levels in MetS positive subjects. In MetS negative subjects, serum vitamin D levels did not show any significant correlation with any of the study parameters. Conclusions: Serum vitamin D levels were correlated with a number of MetS components which may be controlled by optimizing vitamin D levels. (author)

  17. Interaction between omeprazole and tacrolimus in renal allograft recipients: a clinical-analytical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual, J; Marcén, R; Orea, O E; Navarro, M; Alarcón, M C; Ocaña, J; Villafruela, J J; Burgos, F J; Ortuño, J

    2005-11-01

    Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor with a number of pharmacokinetic drug interactions due to interference with cytochrome P450. Some studies show absence of relevant interaction between omeprazole and cyclosporine, but little is known about possible interactions between omeprazole and tacrolimus. In vitro studies suggest such interference, but no clinical data are available so far. We assessed interactions between omeprazole and tacrolimus among patients fulfilling two criteria: (1) renal allograft recipients receiving immunosuppression based on tacrolimus and acid-related disorder prophylaxis with omeprazole 20 mg/d since the day of the transplant procedure and (2) stopped omeprazole when it was considered unnecessary. Fifty-one transplant recipients received concomitant immunosuppression with MMF-prednisone (n = 47) or azathioprine-prednisone (n = 1), or rapamycin-prednisone (n = 2) or only prednisone (n = 1). omeprazole was stopped after 6.2 +/- 3 months of treatment. Tacrolimus doses and levels were recorded during 3 outpatient visits before omeprazole withdrawal (Pre3/Pre2/Pre1), at the withdrawal visit (Susp), and at 3 visits after withdrawal (Pos1/Pos2/Pos3). Weight gain was significant (72.5 +/- 13 kg Pre3; 73.4 +/- 13 kg Susp; 74 +/- 12.9 kg Pos3, P level/dose ratio remained constant. Tacrolimus doses and levels continued a slow, progressive and significant decrease without any relevant change between visits during on versus off omeprazole. This clinical-analytical study supported the conclusion that an omeprazole-tacrolimus interaction is not clinically relevant. Despite possible competition or interaction at the molecular level, clinical management was not significantly affected in renal allograft recipients. PMID:16386527

  18. How Are Parental Psychological Control and Autonomy-Support Related? A Cluster-Analytic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Sierens, Eline

    2009-01-01

    This study addresses the hypothesis that the relationship between parental psychological control and autonomy-support depends on how autonomy-support is conceptualized, that is, in terms of promotion of independence or in terms of promotion of volitional functioning. Questionnaires tapping into psychological control and these two types of…

  19. Analytical strategies for discovery and replication of genetic effects in pharmacogenomic studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohler JR

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Jared R Kohler, Tobias Guennel, Scott L MarshallBioStat Solutions, Inc., Frederick, MD, USAAbstract: In the past decade, the pharmaceutical industry and biomedical research sector have devoted considerable resources to pharmacogenomics (PGx with the hope that understanding genetic variation in patients would deliver on the promise of personalized medicine. With the advent of new technologies and the improved collection of DNA samples, the roadblock to advancements in PGx discovery is no longer the lack of high-density genetic information captured on patient populations, but rather the development, adaptation, and tailoring of analytical strategies to effectively harness this wealth of information. The current analytical paradigm in PGx considers the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP as the genomic feature of interest and performs single SNP association tests to discover PGx effects – ie, genetic effects impacting drug response. While it can be straightforward to process single SNP results and to consider how this information may be extended for use in downstream patient stratification, the rate of replication for single SNP associations has been low and the desired success of producing clinically and commercially viable biomarkers has not been realized. This may be due to the fact that single SNP association testing is suboptimal given the complexities of PGx discovery in the clinical trial setting, including: 1 relatively small sample sizes; 2 diverse clinical cohorts within and across trials due to genetic ancestry (potentially impacting the ability to replicate findings; and 3 the potential polygenic nature of a drug response. Subsequently, a shift in the current paradigm is proposed: to consider the gene as the genomic feature of interest in PGx discovery. The proof-of-concept study presented in this manuscript demonstrates that genomic region-based association testing has the potential to improve the power of detecting single SNP or

  20. A study on improvement of analytical prediction model for spacer grid pressure loss coefficients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear fuel assemblies used in the nuclear power plants consist of the nuclear fuel rods, the control rod guide tubes, an instrument guide tube, spacer grids,a bottom nozzle, a top nozzle. The spacer grid is the most important component of the fuel assembly components for thermal hydraulic and mechanical design and analyses. The spacer grids fixed with the guide tubes support the fuel rods and have the very important role to activate thermal energy transfer by the coolant mixing caused to the turbulent flow and crossflow in the subchannels. In this paper, the analytical spacer grid pressure loss prediction model has been studied and improved by considering the test section wall to spacer grid gap pressure loss independently and applying the appropriate friction drag coefficient to predict pressure loss more accurately at the low Reynolds number region. The improved analytical model has been verified based on the hydraulic pressure drop test results for the spacer grids of three types with 5x5, 16x16, 17x17 arrays, respectively. The pressure loss coefficients predicted by the improved analytical model are coincident with those test results within ±12%. This result shows that the improved analytical model can be used for research and design change of the nuclear fuel assembly

  1. Multidimensional or Relational? / How to Organize an On-line Analytical Processing Database

    CERN Document Server

    Szépkúti, István

    2011-01-01

    In the past few years, the number of OLAP applications increased quickly. These applications use two significantly different DB structures: multidimensional (MD) and table-based. One can show that the traditional model of relational databases cannot make difference between these two structures. Another model is necessary to make the differences visible. One of these is the speed of the system. It can be proven that the multidimensional DB organization results in shorter response times. And it is crucial, since a manager may become impatient, if he or she has to wait say more than 20 seconds for the next screen. On the other hand, we have to pay for the speed with a bigger DB size. Why does the size of MD databases grow so quickly? The reason is the sparsity of data: The MD matrix contains many empty cells. Efficient handling of sparse matrices is indispensable in an OLAP application. One way to handle sparsity is to take the structure closer to the table-based one. Thus the DB size decreases, while the applic...

  2. Application of nuclear analytical methods to heavy metal pollution studies of estuaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Important objectives of heavy metal pollution studies of estuaries are the understanding of the transport phenomena in these complex ecosystems and the discovery of the pollution history and the geochemical background. Such studies require high precision and accuracy of the analytical methods. Moreover, pronounced spatial heterogeneities and temporal variabilities that are typical for estuaries necessitate the analysis of a great number of samples if relevant results are to be obtained. Both requirements can economically be fulfilled by a proper combination of analytical methods. Applications of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis with total reflection of the exciting beam at the sample support and of neutron activation analysis with both thermal and fast neutrons are reported in the light of pollution studies performed in the Lower Elbe River. (orig.)

  3. Application of nuclear analytical methods to heavy metal pollution studies of estuaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Important objectives of heavy metal pollution studies of estuaries are the understanding of the transport phenomena in these complex ecosystems and the discovery of the pollution history and the geochemical background. Such studies require high precision and accuracy of the analytical methods. Moreover, pronounced spatial heterogeneities and temporal variabilities that are typical for estuaries necessitate the analysis of a great number of samples if relevant results are to be obtained. Both requirements can economically be fulfilled by a proper combination of analytical methods. Applications of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis with total reflection of the exciting beam at the sample support and of neutron activation analysis with both thermal and fast neutrons are reported in the light of pollution studies performed in the Lower Elbe River. Profiles are presented for the total heavy metal content determined from particulate matter and sediment. They include V, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Pb, and Cd. 16 references 10 figures, 1 table

  4. Analytical and biological studies of kanji and extracts of its ingredient, daucus carota L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A fermented beverage, Kanji, prepared from roots of Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. var. vavilovii Mazk. (Apiaceae), despite long usage history has not been investigated for analytical studies and biological activities. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate different types of Kanji samples and various types of extracts/fractions of root of the plant for a number of analytical studies and in vitro antioxidant activities. The Kanji sample, Lab-made Kanji, having better analytical and biological profile was further investigated for preliminary clinical studies. The analytical studies indicated that Lab-made Kanji was having comparatively higher contents of phytochemicals than that of the commercial Kanji samples, different types of extracts and fractions (P < 0.05). All the Kanji samples and aqueous and ethanol extracts of fresh roots exhibited comparable antioxidant activities in DPPH assay (52.20 - 54.19%) that were higher than that of methanol extract (48.78%) of dried roots. The antiradical powers (1/ EC50) of Lab-made Kanji and aqueous extract were found to be higher than that of the ethanol and methanol extracts. In beta-carotene linoleate assay, the Kanji samples showed higher activity than that of the methanol extract, but comparable to that of the vitamin-E and butylated hydroxyl anisole (BHA) (P < 0.05). A preliminary clinical evaluation indicated that Kanji has no harmful effect on blood components, liver function and serum lipid profile. The results of the present study indicate that Kanji is an effective antioxidant beverage. (author)

  5. Transition diseases in grazing dairy cows are related to serum cholesterol and other analytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepúlveda-Varas, Pilar; Weary, Daniel M; Noro, Mirela; von Keyserlingk, Marina A G

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of postpartum disease and to evaluate the association with serum cholesterol concentrations during the first 3 weeks after calving in grazing dairy cows. The association between non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), calcium and postpartum diseases was also evaluated. A total of 307 Holstein dairy cows from 6 commercial grazing herds in Osorno, Chile, were monitored from calving until 21 days in milk. Cases of retained placenta, clinical hypocalcemia and clinical mastitis were recorded by the farmer using established definitions. Twice weekly, cows were evaluated for metritis by the same veterinarian based on vaginal discharge and body temperature. Postpartum blood samples were collected weekly and analyzed for serum concentrations of cholesterol, NEFA, BHBA and calcium. Cows were considered as having subclinical ketosis if BHBA >1.2 mmol/L, and subclinical hypocalcemia if calcium cows studied developed at least one clinical or subclinical disease after calving. Incidence of individual diseases was 8.8% for retained placenta, 4.2% for clinical hypocalcemia, 11.7% for clinical mastitis, 41.1% for metritis, 19.9% for subclinical hypocalcemia and 16.6% for subclinical ketosis. Lower postpartum cholesterol in cows was associated with developing severe metritis or having more than one clinical disease after calving. For every 0.4 mmol/L decrease in serum cholesterol cows were nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed with multiple clinical diseases after calving. Higher BHBA concentrations and lower calcium concentrations during week 1 were associated with severe cases of metritis. Low serum calcium concentration during week 1 was also associated with developing more than one clinical disorder after calving. In conclusion, the incidence of postpartum diseases can be high even in grazing herds and lower serum cholesterol concentrations were associated with occurrence of clinical postpatum

  6. Transition diseases in grazing dairy cows are related to serum cholesterol and other analytes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Sepúlveda-Varas

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of postpartum disease and to evaluate the association with serum cholesterol concentrations during the first 3 weeks after calving in grazing dairy cows. The association between non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA, calcium and postpartum diseases was also evaluated. A total of 307 Holstein dairy cows from 6 commercial grazing herds in Osorno, Chile, were monitored from calving until 21 days in milk. Cases of retained placenta, clinical hypocalcemia and clinical mastitis were recorded by the farmer using established definitions. Twice weekly, cows were evaluated for metritis by the same veterinarian based on vaginal discharge and body temperature. Postpartum blood samples were collected weekly and analyzed for serum concentrations of cholesterol, NEFA, BHBA and calcium. Cows were considered as having subclinical ketosis if BHBA >1.2 mmol/L, and subclinical hypocalcemia if calcium <2.0 mmol/L in any of the 3 weekly samples. Overall, 56% of the cows studied developed at least one clinical or subclinical disease after calving. Incidence of individual diseases was 8.8% for retained placenta, 4.2% for clinical hypocalcemia, 11.7% for clinical mastitis, 41.1% for metritis, 19.9% for subclinical hypocalcemia and 16.6% for subclinical ketosis. Lower postpartum cholesterol in cows was associated with developing severe metritis or having more than one clinical disease after calving. For every 0.4 mmol/L decrease in serum cholesterol cows were nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed with multiple clinical diseases after calving. Higher BHBA concentrations and lower calcium concentrations during week 1 were associated with severe cases of metritis. Low serum calcium concentration during week 1 was also associated with developing more than one clinical disorder after calving. In conclusion, the incidence of postpartum diseases can be high even in grazing herds and lower serum

  7. An analytical model for studying the structural effects and optimization of a capacitive tactile sensor array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an analytical model to study the structural effects of a capacitive tactile sensor array on its capacitance changes and sensitivities. The tactile sensor array has 8  ×  8 sensor units, and each unit utilizes the truncated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) pyramid array structure as the dielectric layer to enhance the sensing performance. To predict the capacitance changes of the sensor unit, it is simplified into a two-layered structure: upper polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film and bottom truncated PDMS pyramid array. The upper PET is modeled by a displacement field function, while each of the truncated pyramids is analyzed to obtain its stress–strain relation. Using the Ritz method, the displacement field functions are solved. The deformation of the upper electrodes and the capacitance changes of the sensor unit can then be calculated. Using the developed model, the structural effects of the truncated PDMS pyramid array and the PDMS bump on the capacitance changes and sensitivities are studied. To achieve the largest capacitance changes, the dimensions have been optimized for the sensor unit. To verify the developed model, we have fabricated the sensor array, and the average sensitivities of the sensor unit to the x-, y-, and z-axes force are 0.49, 0.50, and 0.32% mN−1, respectively, while the model predicted values are 0.54, 0.54, and 0.35% mN−1. Results demonstrate that the developed model can accurately predict the sensing performance of the sensor array and could be utilized for structural optimization. (paper)

  8. An analytical model for studying the structural effects and optimization of a capacitive tactile sensor array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Guanhao; Wang, Yancheng; Mei, Deqing; Xi, Kailun; Chen, Zichen

    2016-04-01

    This paper presents an analytical model to study the structural effects of a capacitive tactile sensor array on its capacitance changes and sensitivities. The tactile sensor array has 8  ×  8 sensor units, and each unit utilizes the truncated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) pyramid array structure as the dielectric layer to enhance the sensing performance. To predict the capacitance changes of the sensor unit, it is simplified into a two-layered structure: upper polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film and bottom truncated PDMS pyramid array. The upper PET is modeled by a displacement field function, while each of the truncated pyramids is analyzed to obtain its stress-strain relation. Using the Ritz method, the displacement field functions are solved. The deformation of the upper electrodes and the capacitance changes of the sensor unit can then be calculated. Using the developed model, the structural effects of the truncated PDMS pyramid array and the PDMS bump on the capacitance changes and sensitivities are studied. To achieve the largest capacitance changes, the dimensions have been optimized for the sensor unit. To verify the developed model, we have fabricated the sensor array, and the average sensitivities of the sensor unit to the x-, y-, and z-axes force are 0.49, 0.50, and 0.32% mN-1, respectively, while the model predicted values are 0.54, 0.54, and 0.35% mN-1. Results demonstrate that the developed model can accurately predict the sensing performance of the sensor array and could be utilized for structural optimization.

  9. Experimental and analytical studies of high heat flux components for fusion experimental reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, the experimental and analytical results concerning the development of plasma facing components of ITER are described. With respect to developing high heat removal structures for the divertor plates, an externally-finned swirl tube was developed based on the results of critical heat flux (CHF) experiments on various tube structures. As the result, the burnout heat flux, which also indicates incident CHF, of 41 ± 1 MW/m2 was achieved in the externally-finned swirl tube. The applicability of existing CHF correlations based on uniform heating conditions was evaluated by comparing the CHF experimental data with the smooth and the externally-finned tubes under one-sided heating condition. As the results, experimentally determined CHF data for straight tube show good agreement, for the externally-finned tube, no existing correlations are available for prediction of the CHF. With respect to the evaluation of the bonds between carbon-based material and heat sink metal, results of brazing tests were compared with the analytical results by three dimensional model with temperature-dependent thermal and mechanical properties. Analytical results showed that residual stresses from brazing can be estimated by the analytical three directional stress values instead of the equivalent stress value applied. In the analytical study on the separatrix sweeping for effectively reducing surface heat fluxes on the divertor plate, thermal response of the divertor plate has been analyzed under ITER relevant heat flux conditions and has been tested. As the result, it has been demonstrated that application of the sweeping technique is very effective for improvement in the power handling capability of the divertor plate and that the divertor mock-up has withstood a large number of additional cyclic heat loads. (J.P.N.) 62 refs

  10. Analytical and Numerical Study of Gauss-Bonnet Holographic Superconductors with Power-Maxwell Field

    CERN Document Server

    Sheykhi, A; Montakhab, Afshin

    2016-01-01

    We provide an analytical as well as a numerical study of the holographic $s$-wave superconductors in Gauss-Bonnet gravity with Power-Maxwell electrodynamics. We limit our study to the case where scalar and gauge fields do not have n effect on the background metric. We use a variational method, based on Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem for our analytical study, as well as a numerical shoting method in order to compare with our analytical results. Interestingly enough, we observe that unlike Born-Infeld-like nonlinear electrodynamics which decrease the critical temperature compared to the linear Maxwell field, the Power-Maxwell electrodynamics is able to increase the critical temperature of the holographic superconductors in the sublinear regime. We find that requiring the finite value for the gauge field on the asymptotic boundary $r\\rightarrow \\infty$, restricts the power parameter, $q$, of the Power-Maxwell field to be in the range $1/2study indicates that it is quite possible to...

  11. Analytical method validation for quality control and the study of the 50 mg Propylthiouracil stability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high-performance liquid chromatography analytical method was developed and validated for the quality control and stability studies of 50 mg Propylthiouracil tablets. Method is based in active principle separation through a 100 RP-18 RP-18 (5 μm) (250 x 4 mm) Lichrospher chromatography with UV detection to 272 nm, using a mobile phase composed by a ungaseous mixture of a 0.025 M buffer solution-monobasic potassium phosphate to pH= 4,6 ad acetonitrile in a 80:20 ratio with a flux speed of 0,5 mL/min. Analytical method was linear, precise, specific and exact in the study concentrations interval

  12. Rapid multi-analyte quantification of benzophenone, 4-methylbenzophenone and related derivatives from paperboard food packaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koivikko, R; Pastorelli, S; Rodríguez-Bernaldo de Quirós, A; Paseiro-Cerrato, R; Paseiro-Losada, P; Simoneau, C

    2010-10-01

    Photo-initiators are used in printing inks hardened with UV light and one of the most commonly used photo-initiators is benzophenone (BP). Recent notifications under the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed have shown migration of 4-methylbenzophenone (4-MBP) from packaging into cereals. A specific migration limit exists for BP of 0.6 mg kg(-1) for its use as an additive in plastics. There is no specific European legislation covering cardboard boxes and/or printing inks for food contact use. However, due to the high levels detected, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) published recommendations and the Standing Committee for the Food Chain and Animal Health endorsed a limit of 0.6 mg kg(-1) for the sum of BP and 4-MBP. While studies have been published on photo-initiators in the past, there is a fundamental lack of data on 4-MBP especially for its combined analysis with others. We present an HPLC method with diode array detector to simultaneously determine the levels of BP, 4-MBP as well as 7 other possible derivatives from secondary packaging for food applications. The method was tested and applied to 46 samples of paperboard for secondary packaging collected both from supermarkets and directly from a paperboard supplier. In addition, a survey was conducted on recycled paperboard (n = 19) collected from a supplier, to evaluate the background quantity of BP and other derivatives in recycled board. The most abundant photo-initiator found in the survey was BP, in 61% of samples, and 4-MBP was found in 30% of the samples. It seems that these compounds are used to replace one another. Other derivatives were found in minor quantities. Traces of BP were also found in 42% of the samples of recycled, unprinted board. PMID:20640959

  13. Group-analytic training groups for psychology students: A qualitative study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nathan, Vibeke Torpe; Poulsen, Stig

    2004-01-01

    This article presents results from an interview study of psychology students' experiences from group-analytic groups conducted at the University of Copenhagen. The primary foci are the significance of differences in themotivation participants'  personal aims of individual participantsfor...... about being in the dual position of both helper and client is seen as important. However the fact that all group members are fellow students is challenging to the participants....

  14. The role of nuclear analytical techniques in the study of aqueous corrosion of glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Direct observation of resonant nuclear reactions, backscattering spectrometry and X ray microanalysis with a nuclear microprobe were used to determine elementary depth profiles in the near surface region of leached glasses. Some computing programs required to interpretate the analytical information detected were built. Experimental conditions to characterize glass samples without secondary effects were defined; and the influence of some leaching parameters was studied to describe the first stages of aqueous corrosion of borosilicate glasses

  15. Toxicology - study of the intracellular localization of beryllium by analytical ion microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The intracellular distribution of a beryllium salt in the kidneys of rats was studied by analytical ion microscopy. Beryllium has a special affinity for certain regions of the cellular nuclei where heavy concentrations appear. Examining these same nuclei under an electron microscope enables attention to be drawn to very unusual ultrastructural abnormalities in these same nuclear regions. These observations are to be seen in the light of this element's highly carcinogenic action. (author)

  16. IMPLEMENTASI METODE DEMPSTER SHAFER ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS UNTUK PEMILIHAN PROGRAM STUDI CALON MAHASISWA

    OpenAIRE

    Menur Wahyu Pangestika; Oky Dwi Nurhayati; Suryono Suryono

    2016-01-01

    Methods Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to rank or sort information based on a number of criteria. DS/AHP advantage of Pairwise Comparison, Consistency Ratio, and Dempster Rule's of Combination, which is used to generate information systems in the form of a sequence of courses as consideration for the selection of majors for prospective students. The sample used in this study were 29 students of five faculty at the University of Diponegoro. The data used is the standard min...

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL METHODS IN METABOLOMICS FOR THE STUDY OF HEREDITARY AND ACQUIRED GENETIC DISEASE

    OpenAIRE

    Arvonio, Raffaele

    2011-01-01

    METABOLOMICS AND MASS SPECTROMETRY The research project take place in the branch of metabolomics, which involves the systematic study of the metabolites present in a cell and in this area MS, thanks to its potential to carry out controlled experiments of fragmentation, plays a role as a key methodology for identification of various metabolites. The work of thesis project is focused on the analytical methods development for the diagnosis of metabolic diseases and is divided as follows: ...

  18. Analytical bunch compression studies for a linac-based electron accelerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreck, M.; Wesolowski, P.

    2015-10-01

    The current paper deals with analytical bunch compression studies for FLUTE whose results are compared to simulations. FLUTE is a linac-based electron accelerator with a design energy of approximately 40 MeV currently being constructed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. One of the goals of FLUTE is to generate electron bunches with their length lying in the femtosecond regime. In the first phase this will be accomplished using a magnetic bunch compressor. This compressor forms the subject of the studies presented. The paper is divided into two parts. The first part deals with pure geometric investigations of the bunch compressor where space charge effects and the backreaction of bunches with coherent synchrotron radiation are neglected. The second part is dedicated to the treatment of space charge effects. The upshot is that the analytical results in the two parts agree quite well with what is obtained from simulations. This paper shall form the basis for future analytical studies of the FLUTE bunch compressor and of bunch compression, in general.

  19. Analytical and Comparative Study of Characteristics Curriculum Higher Education for Distance Studies in Iran and England and India

    OpenAIRE

    A. Aghazade; Gh. Ahghar; R. Fazlalizade

    2012-01-01

    The goal of the research Analytical and Comparative study of characteristics curriculum higher education for Distance studies in Iran and England and India In this study the similarities and differences of curriculum characteristics of higher education institutions in these countries from a distance in order to improve the Iranian education system of comparison. Comparative cultural research study by type-descriptive Anatomy descriptive and its methods based on comparative analysis, in accord...

  20. Quasinormal modes of black holes in anti-de Sitter space: a numerical and analytical study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text. The AdS/CFT duality has established a mapping between quantities in the bulk AdS black-hole physics and observables in a boundary finite-temperature field theory. Such a relationship appears to be valid for an arbitrary number of spacetime dimensions, extrapolating the original formulations of Maldacena's correspondence. In the same sense properties like the hydrodynamic behavior of AdS black-hole fluctuations have been proved to be universal. We investigate in this work the complete quasinormal spectra of gravitational perturbations of d- dimensional plane-symmetric AdS black holes (black branes). Holographically the frequencies of the quasinormal modes correspond to the poles of two-point correlation functions of the field-theory stress-energy tensor. The important issue of the correct boundary condition to be imposed on the gauge-invariant perturbation fields at the AdS boundary is studied and elucidated in a fully d-dimensional context. The sound-wave (shear-mode) behavior of scalar(vector)-type low-frequency quasinormal mode is analytically and numerically confirmed. Using series solutions and time-domain evolutions, we obtain the dispersion relations of the first few modes in the low-, intermediate- and high-wavenumber regimes. We probe the eikonal limit of the gravitational and scalar-field quasinormal modes of large black holes and black branes in anti-de Sitter backgrounds, and we confirm all the main qualitative features of these slowly-damped modes as predicted by Festuccia and Liu [G. Festuccia and H. Liu, arXiv: 0811.1033] for the scalar-field (tensor-type gravitational) fluctuations. (author)

  1. Development of 4S and related technologies (7). Analytical evaluation of RVACS performance under loss of stacks condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 4S (Super-Safe, Small and Simple) reactor is a sodium-cooled fast reactor aiming at an application to dispersed energy source and multi-purpose use. An introduction of RVACS (Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System) can enhance the passive decay heat removal capability. In the present study, the RVACS performance in 4S reactor (10MWe, pool-type) was analytically evaluated under the functional loss of RVACS stack condition, which is considered as a beyond design basis event. A protected loss of heat sink accident was selected and simulated to evaluate the capability of RVACS to cool the plant under such an unusual condition. The three-dimensional thermal hydraulic analysis was conducted by PHOENICS code. Analytical results show that the functional loss of air outlet stack has more effect on RVACS performance than that of air inlet stack. The air flow rate in RVACS under the functional loss of one out of two outlet stacks decreases up to approximately 60% and the heat removal rate approximately 70%, comparing with those under the normal stack condition. However, the maximum hot plenum temperature is low enough to satisfy the safety criteria. (author)

  2. An analytical model for galaxy metallicity: What do metallicity relations tell us about star formation and outflow?

    CERN Document Server

    Lu, Yu; Benson, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    We develop a simple analytical model that tracks galactic metallicities governed by star formation and feedback to gain insight from the observed galaxy stellar mass-metallicity relations over a large range of stellar masses and redshifts. The model reveals the following implications of star formation and feedback processes in galaxy formation. First, the observed metallicity relations provide a stringent upper limit for the averaged outflow mass-loading factors of local galaxies, which is ~20 for M_*~10^9Msun galaxies and monotonically decreases to ~1 for M_*~10^{11}Msun galaxies. Second, the inferred upper-limit for the outflow mass-loading factor sensitively depends on whether the outflow is metal-enriched with respect to the ISM metallicity. If half of the metals ejected from SNe leave the galaxy in metal-enriched winds, the outflow mass-loading factor for galaxies at any mass can barely be higher than ~10, which puts strong constraints on galaxy formation models. Third, the relatively lower stellar-phase...

  3. Gut-related radionuclide studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project is concerned with the behavior of radioactive materials that may be ingested as a consequence of a reactor accident, unavoidable occupational exposure, or after release to the environment and incorporation into the food chain. Current emphasis is directed toward evaluating hazards from ingested actinides as a function of animal age, species, nutrition, and diet, or chemicophysical state of the actinide. Recent observations indicate that the influence of chemical form on plutonium absorption observed at high mass levels does not occur at low mass concentrations. For example, at doses of 0.6 μg/kg there was no difference between absorption of the carbonate, citrate or nitrate forms of plutonium. However, at 1.5 mg/kg, the citrate was absorbed in quantities 30 times higher than the nitrate. The opposite effect occurred for neptunium GI absorption. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that materials such as citrus fruit juices and calcium, as well as drugs that affect GI function (such as aspirin and DTPA), markedly influence GI absorption of plutonium. Such studies provide evidence that diet and nutritional state should be considered in establishing safe limits for radionuclides that may be ingested

  4. Molecular motion in cell membranes: analytic study of fence-hindered random walks

    CERN Document Server

    Kenkre, V M; Kalay, Z

    2008-01-01

    A theoretical calculation is presented to describe the confined motion of transmembrane molecules in cell membranes. The study is analytic, based on Master equations for the probability of the molecules moving as random walkers, and leads to explicit usable solutions including expressions for the molecular mean square displacement and effective diffusion constants. One outcome is a detailed understanding of the dependence of the time variation of the mean square displacement on the initial placement of the molecule within the confined region. How to use the calculations is illustrated by extracting (confinement) compartment sizes from experimentally reported published observations from single particle tracking experiments on the diffusion of gold-tagged G-protein coupled mu-opioid receptors in the normal rat kidney cell membrane, and by further comparing the analytical results to observations on the diffusion of phospholipids, also in normal rat kidney cells.

  5. Molecular motion in cell membranes: Analytic study of fence-hindered random walks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenkre, V. M.; Giuggioli, L.; Kalay, Z.

    2008-05-01

    A theoretical calculation is presented to describe the confined motion of transmembrane molecules in cell membranes. The study is analytic, based on Master equations for the probability of the molecules moving as random walkers, and leads to explicit usable solutions including expressions for the molecular mean square displacement and effective diffusion constants. One outcome is a detailed understanding of the dependence of the time variation of the mean square displacement on the initial placement of the molecule within the confined region. How to use the calculations is illustrated by extracting (confinement) compartment sizes from experimentally reported published observations from single particle tracking experiments on the diffusion of gold-tagged G -protein coupled μ -opioid receptors in the normal rat kidney cell membrane, and by further comparing the analytical results to observations on the diffusion of phospholipids, also in normal rat kidney cells.

  6. Analytical study on holographic superfluid in AdS soliton background

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Chuyu; Pan, Qiyuan; Jing, Jiliang; Wang, Yongjiu

    2016-06-01

    We analytically study the holographic superfluid phase transition in the AdS soliton background by using the variational method for the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem. By investigating the holographic s-wave and p-wave superfluid models in the probe limit, we observe that the spatial component of the gauge field will hinder the phase transition. Moreover, we note that, different from the AdS black hole spacetime, in the AdS soliton background the holographic superfluid phase transition always belongs to the second order and the critical exponent of the system takes the mean-field value in both s-wave and p-wave models. Our analytical results are found to be in good agreement with the numerical findings.

  7. Analytical benchmarks for nuclear engineering applications. Case studies in neutron transport theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preservation of know-how in the nuclear field is promoted through the activities of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank. One area of importance concerns methods for solving radiation transport problems, especially with regard to neutrons. This handbook (in the form of a case study), prepared by Barry D Ganapol, is the result of such an initiative. It is a compilation of solutions to the transport equation for which analytical representations can be found. It is designed for educational use in courses on analytical transport methods and numerical methods with application to reactor physics. In addition, it contains elements for the continuous improvement of transport methods and for computer code verification. The areas of neutron slowing down, thermalization and one-, two- and three-dimensional neutron transport theory are covered. A series of training courses, based on this compilation of solutions has recently begun. (author)

  8. Experimental and analytical studies of passive shutdown heat removal from advanced LMRs [liquid metal reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A facility designed and constructed to demonstrate the viability of natural convection passive heat removal systems as a key feature of innovative LMR Shutdown Heat Removal (SHR) systems is in operation at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This Natural Convection Shutdown Heat Removal Test Facility (NSTF) has investigated the heat transfer performance of the GE/PRISM passive design. This initial series of experiments simulates the air-side geometry of the PRISM Radiant Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS). The NSTF operates in either a uniform heat flux mode and a uniform temperature mode at the air/guard vessel interface. Analysis of the RVACS performance data indicates excellent agreement with pretest analytical predictions. Correlation analysis presents the heat transfer data in a form suitable for use in LMR design and verification of analytical studies

  9. Analytical study of Dual Material Surrounding Gate MOSFET to suppress short-channel effects (SCEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arobinda Pal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a 2D analytical model for the Dual Material Surrounding Gate MOSFET (DMSG by solving the Poisson equation has been proposed and verified using ATLAS TCAD device simulator. Analytical modeling of parameters like threshold voltage, surface potential and Electric field distribution is developed using parabolic approximation method. A comparative study of the SCEs for DMSG and SMSG device structures of same dimensions has been carried out. Result reveals that DMSG MOSFET provides higher efficacy to prevent short-channel effects (SCEs as compared to a conventional SMSG MOSFET due to the presence of the perceivable step in the surface potential profile which effectively screen the drain potential variation in the source side of the channel. A nice agreement between the results obtained from the model and the results obtained from numerical TCAD device simulator provides the validity and correctness of the developed model.

  10. A modified analytical model to study the sensing performance of a flexible capacitive tactile sensor array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a modified analytical model to study the sensing performance of a flexible capacitive tactile sensor array, which utilizes solid polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film as the dielectric layer. To predict the deformation of the sensing unit and capacitance changes, each sensing unit is simplified into a three-layer plate structure and divided into central, edge and corner regions. The plate structure and the three regions are studied by the general and modified models, respectively. For experimental validation, the capacitive tactile sensor array with 8  ×  8 (= 64) sensing units is fabricated. Experiments are conducted by measuring the capacitance changes versus applied external forces and compared with the general and modified models’ predictions. For the developed tactile sensor array, the sensitivity predicted by the modified analytical model is 1.25%/N, only 0.8% discrepancy from the experimental measurement. Results demonstrate that the modified analytical model can accurately predict the sensing performance of the sensor array and could be utilized for model-based optimal capacitive tactile sensor array design. (paper)

  11. A semi-analytical study of positive corona discharge in wire-plane electrode configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanallah, K.; Pontiga, F.; Chen, J. H.

    2013-08-01

    Wire-to-plane positive corona discharge in air has been studied using an analytical model of two species (electrons and positive ions). The spatial distributions of electric field and charged species are obtained by integrating Gauss's law and the continuity equations of species along the Laplacian field lines. The experimental values of corona current intensity and applied voltage, together with Warburg's law, have been used to formulate the boundary condition for the electron density on the corona wire. To test the accuracy of the model, the approximate electric field distribution has been compared with the exact numerical solution obtained from a finite element analysis. A parametrical study of wire-to-plane corona discharge has then been undertaken using the approximate semi-analytical solutions. Thus, the spatial distributions of electric field and charged particles have been computed for different values of the gas pressure, wire radius and electrode separation. Also, the two dimensional distribution of ozone density has been obtained using a simplified plasma chemistry model. The approximate semi-analytical solutions can be evaluated in a negligible computational time, yet provide precise estimates of corona discharge variables.

  12. A semi-analytical study of positive corona discharge in wire–plane electrode configuration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wire-to-plane positive corona discharge in air has been studied using an analytical model of two species (electrons and positive ions). The spatial distributions of electric field and charged species are obtained by integrating Gauss's law and the continuity equations of species along the Laplacian field lines. The experimental values of corona current intensity and applied voltage, together with Warburg's law, have been used to formulate the boundary condition for the electron density on the corona wire. To test the accuracy of the model, the approximate electric field distribution has been compared with the exact numerical solution obtained from a finite element analysis. A parametrical study of wire-to-plane corona discharge has then been undertaken using the approximate semi-analytical solutions. Thus, the spatial distributions of electric field and charged particles have been computed for different values of the gas pressure, wire radius and electrode separation. Also, the two dimensional distribution of ozone density has been obtained using a simplified plasma chemistry model. The approximate semi-analytical solutions can be evaluated in a negligible computational time, yet provide precise estimates of corona discharge variables. (paper)

  13. Assessment of levels and 'health-effects' of airborne particulate matter in mining, metal refining and metal working industries using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been supporting, over the years, several coordinated research programmes (CRPs) on various research topics related to environmental issues impacting human health. The primary aim of these CRPs has been to help enhance the research and development capabilities in the Member States, particularly among developing countries; to identify the sources of various environmental contaminants and evaluate their fate; and to provide for the basis of improved health among human populations by the use of nuclear and related analytical techniques. The CRP on Assessment of Levels and Health-Effects of Airborne Particulate Matter in Mining, Metal Refining and Metal Working Industries using nuclear and related analytical techniques focused on improving the competence for research on workplace monitoring in a variety of industrial environments. The personal monitoring of the APM (airborne particulate matter) of the exposed workforce was carried out for the first time by many participants. Nuclear and related analytical techniques, including the application of proton micro-beam, were used to generate the trace element concentration profiles in various biomarkers tissues of the exposed workers. The quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) aspects related to the CRP were addressed through intercomparison analyses of APM on filter paper samples and freeze dried human urine samples to generate validated data. These data have helped to generate correlations between the occupational exposure measured and the magnitude of the biological response. Such new information is essential to evolve procedures to considerably reduce/eliminate the pollutants in the workplace environment and to make informed decisions on the evolution of standards in working environments aimed at preserving the health of workers. The purpose of this TECDOC is to provide an overview of the activities performed under the CRP by the participants. The overall achievements

  14. Phonon dispersion on Ag (100) surface: A modified analytic embedded atom method study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao-Jun, Zhang; Chang-Le, Chen

    2016-01-01

    Within the harmonic approximation, the analytic expression of the dynamical matrix is derived based on the modified analytic embedded atom method (MAEAM) and the dynamics theory of surface lattice. The surface phonon dispersions along three major symmetry directions , and X¯M¯ are calculated for the clean Ag (100) surface by using our derived formulas. We then discuss the polarization and localization of surface modes at points X¯ and M¯ by plotting the squared polarization vectors as a function of the layer index. The phonon frequencies of the surface modes calculated by MAEAM are compared with the available experimental and other theoretical data. It is found that the present results are generally in agreement with the referenced experimental or theoretical results, with a maximum deviation of 10.4%. The agreement shows that the modified analytic embedded atom method is a reasonable many-body potential model to quickly describe the surface lattice vibration. It also lays a significant foundation for studying the surface lattice vibration in other metals. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61471301 and 61078057), the Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department, China (Grant No. 14JK1301), and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education, China (Grant No. 20126102110045).

  15. The analytical study on the optimal ballistic performance using interface theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.S. Hegde

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Analytical determination of impact velocity for different combination of target and projectile materials is the objective of this paper.Design/methodology/approach: The penetration efficiency is maximum when the interaction between the projectile and target is hydrodynamic. Considering zero strength for target and projectile the hydrodynamic impact velocities are predicted using hydrodynamic equation of state.Findings: The hydrodynamic equation being an indeterminate equation is solved using interface theory (briefed in the appendix. The indeterminate Johnson-Cook (JC model and Steinberg-Guinian (SG model are also solved using interface theory to predict the influence of static strength of projectile and thermal softening effects. It is inferred that the penetration efficiency decreases with increasing static strength of target and also due to thermal softening of the projectile. In the process the plastic strain, the strain rate and the increase in temperature during impact are theoretically predicted. The segmented projectiles have less/more penetration efficiency than the monolithic impactors and hence require higher/lower impact velocities nearing to hydrodynamic state.Research limitations/implications: The analytical results obtained are in fair agreement with experimental results obtained in the reviewed literatures. Some contrasts are also observed.Originality/value: The paper present the analytical study on the optimal ballistic performance using interface theory.

  16. ANALYTICAL STUDY AND CONSERVATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL TERRA SIGΙLLATA WARE FROM ROMAN PERIOD, TRIPOLI, LIBYA

    OpenAIRE

    Rahim, Nagwa. S. Abdel

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to study the chemical and the mineralogical composition of an archaeological pottery ware shred which was found in the excavation belongs to the Roman period (250A.D). It was found and stored in the National Museum in Tripoli the capital of Lybia. Its type was found to be a Terra Sigillata ware, bright-red, polished pottery used throughout the Roman Empire from the 1st century B.C to the 3rd century A.D. To perform this study, several analytical instruments wer...

  17. An analytic-critical look at G. E. Moore's views of the relation between "Intuition" and justifying moral judgments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliakbar Abdulabadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I have tried to answer, by an analytic-critical method, to this question: What is the relation between moral intuition and justifying moral judgments from Moore's viewpoint? For answering to this question, by distinguishing the two meanings of "Intuition" in Moore's views, namely "Immediate and direct perception of the property 'Goodness'" and "Immediate and direct perception of the propositions containing the predicate 'Good'" - which I have called them Intuition (1 and Intuition (2 - I have shown that, according to Moore, intuition can justify moral judgments, based on the traditional definition of "knowledge". At the end of my discussion of the relation between each of the two meanings of intuition and justifying moral judgments, I have criticized Moore's views. Following are what I finally get: a Intuition (1 implies "emotive evaluation"; b Intuition (1 doesn't provide any criterion for resolving the basic moral disagreements; c Intuition (1 can't produce any knowledge; d Since Moore's claim that "the propositions containing the predicate 'Good' are 'correspondent to reality' and 'factual'", it is unreasoned. Intuition (2 can't justify moral judgments; e since intuition (2 doesn't provide any appropriate reason for believing in the self-evidence and necessary truth of such propositions, it can't justify moral judgments

  18. Analytical singlet α{/s 4} QCD contributions into the e + e --annihilation Adler function and the generalized Crewther relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataev, A. L.

    2012-02-01

    The generalized Crewther relations in the channels of the non-singlet and vector quark currents are considered. These relations follow from the double application of the operator product expansion approach to the same axial vector-vector-vector triangle amplitude in two regions, adjoining to the angle sides ( x, y) (or p 2, q 2). We assume that the generalized Crewther relations in these two kinematic regimes result in the existence of the same perturbation expression for two products of the coefficient functions of annihilation and deepinelastic scattering processes in the non-singlet and vector channels. This feature explains the conformal symmetry motivated cancellations between the singlet α{/s 3} corrections to the Gross-Llewellyn Smith sum rule S GLS of ν N deep inelastic scattering and the singlet α{/s 3} correction to the e + e --annihilation Adler function D {/A V } in the product of the corresponding perturbative series. Taking into account the Baikov-Chetyrkin-Kuhn fourth order result for S GLS and the perturbative effects of the violation of the conformal symmetry in the generalized Crewther relation, we obtain the analytical contribution to the singlet α{/s 4} correction to the D {/A V } function. Its a-posteriori comparison with the recent result of direct diagram-by-diagram evaluation of the singlet fourth order corrections to D {/A V } function demonstrates the coincidence of the predicted and obtained ζ{3/2}-contributions to the singlet term. They can be obtained in the conformal invariant limit from the original Crewther relation. Therefore, on the contrary to previous belief, the appearance of ζ3-terms in the perturbative series in quantum field theory gauge models does not contradict to the property of the conformal symmetry and can be considered as regular feature. The Banks-Zaks motivated relation between our predicted and the obtained directly fourth order corrections is mentioned. It confirms the expectation, previously made by Baikov

  19. Analytical methods applied to the study of lattice gauge and spin theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study of interactions between quarks and gluons is presented. Certain difficulties of the quantum chromodynamics to explain the behaviour of quarks has given origin to the technique of lattice gauge theories. First the phase diagrams of the discrete space-time theories are studied. The analysis of the phase diagrams is made by numerical and analytical methods. The following items were investigated and studied: a) A variational technique was proposed to obtain very accurated values for the ground and first excited state energy of the analyzed theory; b) A mean-field-like approximation for lattice spin models in the link formulation which is a generalization of the mean-plaquette technique was developed; c) A new method to study lattice gauge theories at finite temperature was proposed. For the first time, a non-abelian model was studied with analytical methods; d) An abelian lattice gauge theory with fermionic matter at the strong coupling limit was analyzed. Interesting results applicable to non-abelian gauge theories were obtained. (M.E.L.)

  20. A reference interval study for common biochemical analytes in Eastern Turkey: a comparison of a reference population with laboratory data mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakan, Ebubekir; Polat, Harun; Ozarda, Yesim; Ozturk, Nurinnisa; Baygutalp, Nurcan Kilic; Umudum, Fatma Zuhal; Bakan, Nuri

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The aim of this study was to define the reference intervals (RIs) in a Turkish population living in Northeast Turkey (Erzurum) for 34 analytes using direct and indirect methods. In the present study, the regional RIs obtained were compared with other RI studies, primarily the nationwide study performed in Turkey. Materials and methods For the direct method, 435 blood samples were collected from a healthy group of females (N = 218) and males (N = 217) aged between 18 and 65 years. The sera were analysed in Ataturk University hospital laboratory using Roche reagents and analysers for 34 analytes. The data from 1,366,948 records were used to calculate the indirect RIs using a modified Bhattacharya method. Results Significant gender-related differences were observed for 17 analytes. There were also some apparent differences between RIs derived from indirect and direct methods particularly in some analytes (e.g. gamma-glutamyltransferase, creatine kinase, LDL-cholesterol and iron). The RIs derived with the direct method for some, but not all, of the analytes were generally comparable with the RIs reported in the nationwide study and other previous studies in Turkey.There were large differences between RIs derived by the direct method and the expected values shown in the kit insert (e.g. aspartate aminotransferase, total-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and vitamin B12). Conclusions These data provide region-specific RIs for 34 analytes determined by the direct and indirect methods. The observed differences in RIs between previous studies could be related to nutritional status and environmental factors. PMID:27346966

  1. Effective Permeability of Fractured Rocks by Analytical Methods: A 3D Computational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sævik, P. N.; Berre, I.; Jakobsen, M.; Lien, M.

    2013-12-01

    matrix permeability. For λ ≈ 1, all the analytical methods agree well with the numerical results, even for large fracture densities. When the contrast between fracture and matrix permeability is increased (λ ≥ 10), the differential method is only accurate for fracture densities well below the percolation threshold, i.e., when the fracture network is disconnected. The symmetric and asymmetric self-consistent methods have an acceptable accuracy for both small and high densities, even for very high values of λ. The symmetric method may be somewhat more accurate for moderate densities, but only the asymmetric method has the correct limiting behavior for very high densities. The asymmetric method is also surprisingly accurate at predicting the percolation thresholds of the fracture geometries we have studied.Nomenclature

  2. A study on the establishment of precise analytical system for ultra trace nuclear materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Kyu Seok; Kim, Won Ho; Han, Sun Ho; Jee, Kwnag Yong [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-03-15

    This study contains the construction of accurate analysis system for the determination of nuclear materials with ultra low-level activities. Firstly, this study plans the construction of research building of clean laboratory with level of class between 100 and 1000. For determining nuclear materials with ultra low-level activities, it is necessary to install a clean laboratory. Secondly, this study plans set-up of a accurate analytical system, which includes performance and feasibility tests on MC-ICP-MS system, TXRF system and radiation detectors, SIMS system and SNMS system for analyzing nuclear materials with ultra low-level activities. Thirdly, this study plans the development of accurate analytical technology of nuclear materials in environmental samples with ultra low-level activities. This item includes the development of the screening technology, chemical treatment technology, bulk analysis technology, measurement technology of mass ratio in low abundant isotopes, single particle analysis technology as well as the international cross analysis /certification for nuclear materials in environmental and swipe samples with ultra low-level activity

  3. Seismic vulnerability of the Himalayan half-dressed rubble stone masonry structures, experimental and analytical studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Ahmad

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Half-Dressed rubble stone (DS masonry structures as found in the Himalayan region are investigated using experimental and analytical studies. The experimental study included a shake table test on a one-third scaled structural model, a representative of DS masonry structure employed for public critical facilities, e.g. school buildings, offices, health care units, etc. The aim of the experimental study was to understand the damage mechanism of the model, develop damage scale towards deformation-based assessment and retrieve the lateral force-deformation response of the model besides its elastic dynamic properties, i.e. fundamental vibration period and elastic damping. The analytical study included fragility analysis of building prototypes using a fully probabilistic nonlinear dynamic method. The prototypes are designed as SDOF systems assigned with lateral, force-deformation constitutive law (obtained experimentally. Uncertainties in the constitutive law, i.e. lateral stiffness, strength and deformation limits, are considered through random Monte Carlo simulation. Fifty prototype buildings are analyzed using a suite of ten natural accelerograms and an incremental dynamic analysis technique. Fragility and vulnerability functions are derived for the damageability assessment of structures, economic loss and casualty estimation during an earthquake given the ground shaking intensity, essential within the context of risk assessment of existing stock aiming towards risk mitigation and disaster risk reduction.

  4. A study of the Perkin-Elmer laboratory robotic system for analytical sample preparation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartenstein, S.D.; Delmastro, J.R.

    1988-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the abilities of a Perkin-Elmer (PE) robotic system in performing complex analytical sample preparation procedures. Until this time, reports have been written describing the physical capabilities of the robotic arm marketed by PE and the use of this arm in a pick-and-place application at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP). Since the robotic arm is only capable of handling and transporting objects, the ability of the PE system is dependent upon the performance capabilities of the auxiliary devices marketed with the arm. 2 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Numerical-analytical study of orthotropic viscoelasticity of fiberglass illustrated by repair layer of main pipeline

    OpenAIRE

    Львов, Г. I.; Мартиненко, В. Г.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper a numerical-analytical study on a stress-strain state of a steel pipeline section with a repair fiberglass viscoelastic layer is described. The layer is considered long enough that allows to solve the problem in a flat axisymmetric statement. A mathematical model of viscoelastic behavior of a fiber-glass is proposed, moreover this model allows to simulate an order of anisotropy of viscoelastic proper-ties that exceeds an order of anisotropy of elastic ones. To mirror viscoelasti...

  6. An efficient weighted tag SNP-set analytical method in genome-wide association studies

    OpenAIRE

    Yan, Bin; Wang, Shudong; Jia, Huaqian; Liu, Xing; Wang, Xinzeng

    2015-01-01

    Background Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-set analysis in Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has emerged as a research hotspot for identifying genetic variants associated with disease susceptibility. But most existing methods of SNP-set analysis are affected by the quality of SNP-set, and poor quality of SNP-set can lead to low power in GWAS. Results In this research, we propose an efficient weighted tag-SNP-set analytical method to detect the disease associations. In our method, we...

  7. Analytical study of the conjecture rule for the combination of multipole effects in LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Guignard, Gilbert

    1997-01-01

    This paper summarizes the analytical investigation done on the conjecture law found by tracking for the effect on the dynamic aperture of the combination of two multipoles of various order. A one-dimensional model leading to an integrable system has been used to find closed formulae for the dynamic aperture associated with a fully distributed multipole. The combination has then been studied and the resulting expression compared with the assumed conjecture law. For integrated multipoles small with respect to the focusing strength, the conjecture appears to hold, though with an exponent different from the one expected by crude reasoning.

  8. A finite-buffer queue with a single vacation policy: An analytical study with evolutionary positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woźniak Marcin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, application of an evolutionary strategy to positioning a GI/M/1/N-type finite-buffer queueing system with exhaustive service and a single vacation policy is presented. The examined object is modeled by a conditional joint transform of the first busy period, the first idle time and the number of packets completely served during the first busy period. A mathematical model is defined recursively by means of input distributions. In the paper, an analytical study and numerical experiments are presented. A cost optimization problem is solved using an evolutionary strategy for a class of queueing systems described by exponential and Erlang distributions.

  9. Statistic of extremes as an analytical tool in continuum γ-decay studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We apply the tools of the Statistics of Extremes to the nuclear continuum study, in our work we found an analytical function which is able to fit 'correctly' the energy ordered spectrum for the gamma rays from the decay in the continuum. The results suggest a way to extract experimentally physical parameters such as temperature and level density, which describe the nucleus to high excitation energy and high spin. We also show the possibility of distinguishing between different formalisms of level density and gamma strength. (Author)

  10. Analytical and numerical studies of sawtooth stabilization with on-axis ICRH on Tore Supra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sawtooth stabilization has recently been achieved with on-axis ICRH on Tore Supra. Analytical and numerical tools have been developed that allow analysis of these data, with the emphasis on the energetic-particle contribution. The latter is calculated on the basis of an original expression for the hot-ion distribution function, mostly-passing, deduced from theoretical and experimental ICRH studies, and compared with the usual mostly-trapped model. Both models account for stabilization, but for different reasons: with the mostly-passing distribution, stabilization is essentially driven by barely-passing hot ions. (author). 9 refs, 2 figs

  11. An analytical study of corrosion products formed on buried ferrous archaeological artefacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A statistical approach to long term corrosion behaviour of iron in soil has been initiated with a study of nine archaeological iron artefacts. By combining classical materials science analytical techniques (optical and scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe) with micro-diffraction under synchrotron radiation, the three components of the corroded iron in soil have been characterised: the metallic substrate (structure and composition), the corrosion products (identification of three main phases: goethite, magnetite and siderite) and the soil (specific compositions close to the original surface of the artefact). An estimate of the corrosion rate has been made from thickness measurements of the corrosion products. (authors)

  12. An analytical study of corrosion products formed on buried ferrous archaeological artefacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neff, D.; Dillmann, P. [Laboratoire Pierre Sue, CEA/CNRS CEA Saclay, 91 191 Gif sur Yvette, Cedex (France); Beranger, G. [Universite de Technologie de Compiegne, ROBERVAL Laboratory, Centre de recherches Royallieu, CNRS 6066, BP 20529, 60205 Compiegne Cedex (France)

    2003-07-01

    A statistical approach to long term corrosion behaviour of iron in soil has been initiated with a study of nine archaeological iron artefacts. By combining classical materials science analytical techniques (optical and scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe) with micro-diffraction under synchrotron radiation, the three components of the corroded iron in soil have been characterised: the metallic substrate (structure and composition), the corrosion products (identification of three main phases: goethite, magnetite and siderite) and the soil (specific compositions close to the original surface of the artefact). An estimate of the corrosion rate has been made from thickness measurements of the corrosion products. (authors)

  13. Analytical and numerical studies of the cold electromagnetic LH wave equation in the mode conversion regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the presence of the mode conversion (nzzcritical), on the evolution of the electric field of the lower hybrid (LH) propagating wave. The propagation of the LH wave in a magnetized plasma, for both mode polarization (slow and fast), is described by a fourth order ordinary differential equation, which here has been analyzed analytically and numerically. A complete WKB solution of the 4th order equation has also been obtained showing the failure of the method near the cut-offs and the mode conversion point.

  14. Analytical Study of Vertical and Torsional Free Vibration of Cable Supported Bridge Decks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Daniel J.

    The superposition method is employed to obtain an analytical type solution for the free vibration of cable supported bridge decks. Each pair of vertical elastic cables is considered to impart a vertical force to the deck by means of a rigid cross-member passing transversely beneath it. Rigid knife-edge support encountered at bridge towers is handled as well. In this introductory study the deck is treated as a thin isotropic plate. Any number of support cable pairs, of any stiffness, may be handled. Inter cross-member distances are referred to as spans. Free vibration eigenvalues and mode shapes are presented for three and four span illustrative cases.

  15. Analytical study of the interface in fibre-reinforced 2D composite material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Igor V. Andrianov; Jan Awrejcewicz; Dieter Weichert

    2011-01-01

    Imperfect bonding between the constitutive components can greatly affect the properties of the composite structures. An asymptotic analysis of different types of imperfect interfaces arising in the problem of 2D fibrereinforced composite materials are proposed. The performed study is based on the asymptotic reduction of the governing biharmonic problem into two harmonic problems. All solutions are obtained in a closed analytical form. The obtained results can be used for the calculation of pull-out and pushout tests, as well as for the investigation of the fracture of composite materials.

  16. Analytical and Experimental Studies of Leak Location and Environment Characterization for the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woronowicz, Michael; Abel, Joshua; Autrey, David; Blackmon, Rebecca; Bond, Tim; Brown, Martin; Buffington, Jesse; Cheng, Edward; DeLatte, Danielle; Garcia, Kelvin; Glenn, Jodie; Hawk, Doug; Ma, Jonathan; Mohammed, Jelila; Montt de Garcia, Kristina; Perry, Radford; Rossetti, Dino; Tull, Kimathi; Warren, Eric

    2014-01-01

    The International Space Station program is developing a robotically-operated leak locator tool to be used externally. The tool would consist of a Residual Gas Analyzer for partial pressure measurements and a full range pressure gauge for total pressure measurements. The primary application is to detect NH3 coolant leaks in the ISS thermal control system. An analytical model of leak plume physics is presented that can account for effusive flow as well as plumes produced by sonic orifices and thruster operations. This model is used along with knowledge of typical RGA and full range gauge performance to analyze the expected instrument sensitivity to ISS leaks of various sizes and relative locations ("directionality"). The paper also presents experimental results of leak simulation testing in a large thermal vacuum chamber at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This test characterized instrument sensitivity as a function of leak rates ranging from 1 lb-mass/yr. to about 1 lb-mass/day. This data may represent the first measurements collected by an RGA or ion gauge system monitoring off-axis point sources as a function of location and orientation. Test results are compared to the analytical model and used to propose strategies for on-orbit leak location and environment characterization using the proposed instrument while taking into account local ISS conditions and the effects of ram/wake flows and structural shadowing within low Earth orbit.

  17. Analytical and experimental studies of leak location and environment characterization for the international space station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woronowicz, Michael; Abel, Joshua; Autrey, David; Blackmon, Rebecca; Bond, Tim; Brown, Martin; Buffington, Jesse; Cheng, Edward; DeLatte, Danielle; Garcia, Kelvin; Glenn, Jodie; Hawk, Doug; Ma, Jonathan; Mohammed, Jelila; de Garcia, Kristina Montt; Perry, Radford; Rossetti, Dino; Tull, Kimathi; Warren, Eric

    2014-12-01

    The International Space Station program is developing a robotically-operated leak locator tool to be used externally. The tool would consist of a Residual Gas Analyzer for partial pressure measurements and a full range pressure gauge for total pressure measurements. The primary application is to demonstrate the ability to detect NH3 coolant leaks in the ISS thermal control system. An analytical model of leak plume physics is presented that can account for effusive flow as well as plumes produced by sonic orifices and thruster operations. This model is used along with knowledge of typical RGA and full range gauge performance to analyze the expected instrument sensitivity to ISS leaks of various sizes and relative locations ("directionality"). The paper also presents experimental results of leak simulation testing in a large thermal vacuum chamber at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This test characterized instrument sensitivity as a function of leak rates ranging from 1 lbm//yr. to about 1 lbm/day. This data may represent the first measurements collected by an RGA or ion gauge system monitoring off-axis point sources as a function of location and orientation. Test results are compared to the analytical model and used to propose strategies for on-orbit leak location and environment characterization using the proposed instrument while taking into account local ISS conditions and the effects of ram/wake flows and structural shadowing within low Earth orbit.

  18. Analytical and experimental studies of leak location and environment characterization for the international space station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Space Station program is developing a robotically-operated leak locator tool to be used externally. The tool would consist of a Residual Gas Analyzer for partial pressure measurements and a full range pressure gauge for total pressure measurements. The primary application is to demonstrate the ability to detect NH3 coolant leaks in the ISS thermal control system. An analytical model of leak plume physics is presented that can account for effusive flow as well as plumes produced by sonic orifices and thruster operations. This model is used along with knowledge of typical RGA and full range gauge performance to analyze the expected instrument sensitivity to ISS leaks of various sizes and relative locations (“directionality”). The paper also presents experimental results of leak simulation testing in a large thermal vacuum chamber at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This test characterized instrument sensitivity as a function of leak rates ranging from 1 lbm//yr. to about 1 lbm/day. This data may represent the first measurements collected by an RGA or ion gauge system monitoring off-axis point sources as a function of location and orientation. Test results are compared to the analytical model and used to propose strategies for on-orbit leak location and environment characterization using the proposed instrument while taking into account local ISS conditions and the effects of ram/wake flows and structural shadowing within low Earth orbit

  19. IMPLEMENTASI METODE DEMPSTER SHAFER ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS UNTUK PEMILIHAN PROGRAM STUDI CALON MAHASISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menur Wahyu Pangestika

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Methods Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to rank or sort information based on a number of criteria. DS/AHP advantage of Pairwise Comparison, Consistency Ratio, and Dempster Rule's of Combination, which is used to generate information systems in the form of a sequence of courses as consideration for the selection of majors for prospective students. The sample used in this study were 29 students of five faculty at the University of Diponegoro. The data used is the standard minimum value of each faculty and the average value of the semester report card 1-5 Mathematics, Indonesian, English, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Results of this study was the software selection study program that gives students the value of trust in each department. Testing the validity of the value of the accuracy of the system is done by comparing the majors were chosen with the recommendation majors produced by the system, resulting accuracy of 79.33%. Keywords : Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process; Recommendations department; Standard minimum value; Average value report

  20. Conceptual framework for outcomes research studies of hepatitis C: an analytical review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbarigia, Urbano; Denee, Tom R; Turner, Norris G; Wan, George J; Morrison, Alan; Kaufman, Anna S; Rice, Gary; Dusheiko, Geoffrey M

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis C virus infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Until recently, the standard antiviral regimen for hepatitis C was a combination of an interferon derivative and ribavirin, but a plethora of new antiviral drugs is becoming available. While these new drugs have shown great efficacy in clinical trials, observational studies are needed to determine their effectiveness in clinical practice. Previous observational studies have shown that multiple factors, besides the drug regimen, affect patient outcomes in clinical practice. Here, we provide an analytical review of published outcomes studies of the management of hepatitis C virus infection. A conceptual framework defines the relationships between four categories of variables: health care system structure, patient characteristics, process-of-care, and patient outcomes. This framework can provide a starting point for outcomes studies addressing the use and effectiveness of new antiviral drug treatments. PMID:27313473

  1. Analytical and Dielectric Studies of the Ferroelectric Ba5Ti2O7Cl4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thermo analytic analyses are necessary for general characterization of the materials, i.e. to know if any important changes are occurring in the material. The important changes are basically of two types: 1) changes occurring as a result of chemical reaction, and 2) hanges occurring as a result of some physical change, e.g. change of crystal structure, change of some atomic groups within the given crystal structure, some physical change involving mission or absorption of thermal energy, as for example, change of electron structure or electronic interactions. The changes involving chemical reactions usually involve variation in mass content of the material system, and these changes are studied by thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). The changes of the second type are studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and/or by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The present work reports the studies of DTA and DSC, while TGA studies showed no significant changes

  2. An Experimental and analytical study on the bubble-to-slug flow regime transition based on the void wave instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental and analytical work is performed to investigate the relation between the developing phenomena in bubble flow and the propagation phenomena of void waves. For this purpose, the structural developments in bubble flow and the propagation property of void waves are measured over a broad range of flow conditions including the bubble-to-slug flow regime transition (BSFRT) region. And a linear stability analysis is performed, based on the two-fluid model, to establish the analytical model on the wave propagation parameters, and the predictability of the model is validated by comparing analytical results with experimental observations. In the experimental work, an impedance void meter is developed to measure the void fraction, and a series of test are performed by varying the bubble size in order to investigate the bubble size effect on the bubble flow structures for various flow conditions. Statistical signal processing techniques are applied to void signals in order to objectively identify the changing modes of bubble flow structures and to estimate the wave propagation properties. The impedance void meter developed in this study showed very good temporal and spatial resolutions enough to identify the developing phenomena in bubble flow structures and to investigate the void wave propagations, and the void distribution effect could be minimized by electrically shielding the guard electrodes. It was also designed so that the inherent errors due to the phase shifts between channels be negligible. Various features occurred in the transitional process of bubble flow could be objectively identified by introducing some statistical parameters evaluated from void signals. Two distinct modes of structural development in bubble flow were observed in the transitional process, and they are found to be much influenced by the initial bubble size. And the mechanism to govern BSFRT could be characterized by two ways depending on the developing modes of bubble flow

  3. On New Families of Integrals in Analytical Studies of Superconductors within the Conformal Transformation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Gonczarek

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We show that, by applying the conformal transformation method, strongly correlated superconducting systems can be discussed in terms of the Fermi liquid with a variable density of states function. Within this approach, it is possible to formulate and carry out purely analytical study based on a set of fundamental equations. After presenting the mathematical structure of the s-wave superconducting gap and other quantitative characteristics of superconductors, we evaluate and discuss integrals inherent in fundamental equations describing superconducting systems. The results presented here extend the approach formulated by Abrikosov and Maki, which was restricted to the first-order expansion. A few infinite families of integrals are derived and allow us to express the fundamental equations by means of analytical formulas. They can be then exploited in order to find quantitative characteristics of superconducting systems by the method of successive approximations. We show that the results can be applied in studies of high-Tc superconductors and other superconducting materials of the new generation.

  4. An analytical and numerical study of solar chimney use for room natural ventilation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bassiouny, Ramadan; Koura, Nader S.A. [Department of Mechanical Power Engineering and Energy, Minia University, Minia 61111 (Egypt)

    2008-07-01

    The solar chimney concept used for improving room natural ventilation was analytically and numerically studied. The study considered some geometrical parameters such as chimney inlet size and width, which are believed to have a significant effect on space ventilation. The numerical analysis was intended to predict the flow pattern in the room as well as in the chimney. This would help optimizing design parameters. The results were compared with available published experimental and theoretical data. There was an acceptable trend match between the present analytical results and the published data for the room air change per hour, ACH. Further, it was noticed that the chimney width has a more significant effect on ACH compared to the chimney inlet size. The results showed that the absorber average temperature could be correlated to the intensity as: (T{sub w} = 3.51I{sup 0.461}) with an accepted range of approximation error. In addition the average air exit velocity was found to vary with the intensity as ({nu}{sub ex} = 0.013I{sup 0.4}). (author)

  5. An analytical model and parametric study of electrical contact resistance in proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zhiliang; Wang, Shuxin; Zhang, Lianhong; Hu, S. Jack

    This paper presents an analytical model of the electrical contact resistance between the carbon paper gas diffusion layers (GDLs) and the graphite bipolar plates (BPPs) in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model is developed based on the classical statistical contact theory for a PEM fuel cell, using the same probability distributions of the GDL structure and BPP surface profile as previously described in Wu et al. [Z. Wu, Y. Zhou, G. Lin, S. Wang, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 182 (2008) 265-269] and Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Results show that estimates of the contact resistance compare favorably with experimental data by Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Factors affecting the contact behavior are systematically studied using the analytical model, including the material properties of the two contact bodies and factors arising from the manufacturing processes. The transverse Young's modulus of chopped carbon fibers in the GDL and the surface profile of the BPP are found to be significant to the contact resistance. The factor study also sheds light on the manufacturing requirements of carbon fiber GDLs for a better contact performance in PEM fuel cells.

  6. An analytical model and parametric study of electrical contact resistance in proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Zhiliang; Wang, Shuxin; Zhang, Lianhong [School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Hu, S. Jack [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125 (United States)

    2009-04-15

    This paper presents an analytical model of the electrical contact resistance between the carbon paper gas diffusion layers (GDLs) and the graphite bipolar plates (BPPs) in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model is developed based on the classical statistical contact theory for a PEM fuel cell, using the same probability distributions of the GDL structure and BPP surface profile as previously described in Wu et al. [Z. Wu, Y. Zhou, G. Lin, S. Wang, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 182 (2008) 265-269] and Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Results show that estimates of the contact resistance compare favorably with experimental data by Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Factors affecting the contact behavior are systematically studied using the analytical model, including the material properties of the two contact bodies and factors arising from the manufacturing processes. The transverse Young's modulus of chopped carbon fibers in the GDL and the surface profile of the BPP are found to be significant to the contact resistance. The factor study also sheds light on the manufacturing requirements of carbon fiber GDLs for a better contact performance in PEM fuel cells. (author)

  7. Analytical and numerical study concerning the behaviour of single-sided bonded patch repairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghi OPATCHI

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Adhesive bonded joints are used in the assembling of structural parts, especially of those which are made from dissimilar materials. Lightweight fibre reinforced polymer composites and other adhesive bonded components represent a major proportion of a modern aircraft. Bonded patch repair technology has been widely used to repair cracked thin-walled structures to extend their service life, because a correctly executed repair significantly enhances the structural performance.In practice, the single-sided bonded patch repair is the most used because a good solution like the double-sided repair may not be an option if the access to the structure is only available from one side.This paper presents a relatively simple and effective design procedure for the single strapped bonded joints. Also, the influence of various geometrical parameters of the joint is evaluated. The analytical development is validated based on nonlinear finite element analyses.

  8. Analytical study on mechanism of countercurrent flow limitation in vertical rectangular channels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quantitative analysis of countercurrent flow limitation (CCFL) or flooding was successfully carried out using the existing experimental data for the vertical rectangular channels, adopting the criterion that the CCFL condition is determined by maximizing the falling water mass velocity with respect to the thickness of falling water film for the whole flow channel, without any additional conditions. It was found that significant factors were the flow pattern, that is, which walls were wet, interfacial friction factor between liquid and gas based on the relative velocity, wall friction factors for laminar, transition, and turbulent flow of liquid and gas, and aspect ratio of rectangular channels. Thus it was clarified that the analytical results give good predictions of the existing experimental data of air-water system for vertical rectangular channels of 33 and 66 mm in channel width, 2.3 to 12.3 mm in channel gap, and 362 and 782 mm in channel length under atmospheric pressure

  9. Nuclear legislation analytical study. Regulatory and institutional framework for nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is the second update of the 1995 edition of a series of analytical studies on nuclear legislation in OECD member countries, prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) with the co-operation of the countries concerned. It is organised on the basis of a standardised format for all countries, thus facilitating the comparison of information. This study deals with national legislations concerning nuclear third party liability and other aspects of nuclear laws (transport, radiation protection, trade, radioactive waste management, public and semi-public agencies...). The 1997 update consists of replacement chapters for Australia, France, Germany, Korea, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In addition, there are completely new chapters for the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. (A.L.B.)

  10. An Analytical Study of Occupational Stress on Executive Officers of Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Kayastha

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In the scenario of ever growing number of new technology entering formal workforce; increasing amount of work stress both at home and workplace and its impact on family and home environment, the present study entitled, ‘an analytical study executive officers of working, different cities of Nepal was undertaken with the objectives to know socio personal characteristics of selected categories of executive officers and their families; to examine the age and the level occupational stress of executive officers and to analyze the level of occupational stress by selected respondents. The study was conducted in different cities of Nepal and a total sample of 440 respondents was collected from different categories of working executive officers namely; university and college, Information system, Industries and bank employees. The results show there is a significant relationship existing between from different categories of working executive officers namely; university and college, Information system, Industries and bank employees.

  11. Analysis of total copper, cadmium and lead in refuse-derived fuels (RDF): study on analytical errors using synthetic samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skutan, Stefan; Aschenbrenner, Philipp

    2012-12-01

    Components with extraordinarily high analyte contents, for example copper metal from wires or plastics stabilized with heavy metal compounds, are presumed to be a crucial source of errors in refuse-derived fuel (RDF) analysis. In order to study the error generation of those 'analyte carrier components', synthetic samples spiked with defined amounts of carrier materials were mixed, milled in a high speed rotor mill to particle sizes <1 mm, <0.5 mm and <0.2 mm, respectively, and analyzed repeatedly. Copper (Cu) metal and brass were used as Cu carriers, three kinds of polyvinylchloride (PVC) materials as lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) carriers, and paper and polyethylene as bulk components. In most cases, samples <0.2 mm delivered good recovery rates (rec), and low or moderate relative standard deviations (rsd), i.e. metallic Cu 87-91% rec, 14-35% rsd, Cd from flexible PVC yellow 90-92% rec, 8-10% rsd and Pb from rigid PVC 92-96% rec, 3-4% rsd. Cu from brass was overestimated (138-150% rec, 13-42% rsd), Cd from flexible PVC grey underestimated (72-75% rec, 4-7% rsd) in <0.2 mm samples. Samples <0.5 mm and <1 mm spiked with Cu or brass produced errors of up to 220% rsd (<0.5 mm) and 370% rsd (<1 mm). In the case of Pb from rigid PVC, poor recoveries (54-75%) were observed in spite of moderate variations (rsd 11-29%). In conclusion, time-consuming milling to <0.2 mm can reduce variation to acceptable levels, even given the presence of analyte carrier materials. Yet, the sources of systematic errors observed (likely segregation effects) remain uncertain. PMID:23027034

  12. APLIKASI ANALYTIC NETWORK PROCESS (ANP PADA PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA (Studi Kasus pada PT. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the application of Analytic Network Process (ANP to support the weighted of design performance measurement system with Balanced Scorecard method. During the time, the weighted uses method that disregarding interdependence between objectives strategy and Key Performance Indicator (KPI's. The method which often used in this weighted is Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. In fact this condition does not express the concept of strategy map of Balanced Scorecard. Therefore is needed apply the other weighted method which attention to the interdependence between Key Performance Indicator (KPI. Application of the weighted with ANP method is conducted at one of the power company. This company represents result of restructuring of PT. PLN (Persero. The result of design performance measurement system of PT. X are objective strategy, Key Performance Indicator (KPI and strategy map, will be weighted by method of ANP. Further more Modeling of ANP based on strategy map. The result of application indicates that related of model of strategy map in Balanced Scorecard at PT. X is Feedback Network (hiernet with phenomenon of inner and dependence of outer dependence. The perspective on Balanced Scorecard is identically with cluster on ANP, while objective strategy and KPI are identically with sub-element and element. Result of weighted with ANP method shows the existence of culmination of weighted on financial perspective of Strategy Map at PT. X. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini membahas aplikasi Analytic Network Process (ANP untuk mendukung pembobotan pada perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan metode Balanced Scorecard. Selama ini, pembobotan yang ada menggunakan metode yang mengabaikan saling keterkaitan antar strategi objektif dengan Key Performance Indicator (KPI-KPI -nya. Metode yang sering digunakan didalam pembobotan ini adalah Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Kondisi ini sebenarnya tidak mencerminkan konsep Strategy Map

  13. Study on the Analytical Behaviour of Concrete Structure Against Local Impact of Hard Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Concrete is basic construction material used for almost all kind of structure. However, in the majority essential structures such as nuclear plants, Power plants, Weapon Industries, weapons storage places, water retaining structures like dams, highways barriers, bridges, & etc., concrete structures have to be designed as self-protective structure which can afford any disaster or consciously engendered unpleasant incidents such as incident occurs in nuclear plants, incident in any essential industry, terrorist attack, Natural disasters like tsunami and etc missile attack, and local impact damage generated by kinetic missiles dynamic loading (steel rods, steel pipes, turbine blades, etc.. This paper inquisitively is paying attention on verdict of the recent development in formulating analytical behavior of concrete and reinforced concrete structures against local impact effect generated by hard missile with and without the influence of dimensional analysis based on dominant non-dimensional parameters, various nose shape factors at normal and certain inclined oblique angles. The paper comprises the analytical models and methods for predicting penetration, and perforation of concrete and reinforced concrete. The fallout conquer from this study can be used for making design counsel and design procedures for seminal the dynamic retort of the concrete targets to foil local impact damage.

  14. Analytical studies of a backscatter x-ray imaging landmine detection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keshavmurthy, Shyam P.; Dugan, Edward T.; Wehlburg, Joseph C.; Jacobs, Alan M.

    1996-05-01

    The Compton Backscatter Imaging (CBI) technique has been applied successfully to detect buried plastic anti-tank landmines. The images acquired by a CBI system are often cluttered by surface features. Additionally, some buried objects give the same response as the plastic landmines. The landmine detection can be successful only when the detection system is capable of distinguishing between surface features and the mine-like objects. This can be accomplished by designing detectors that differentiate between the surface features and the buried objects. An understanding of the physical phenomena underlining the CB image formation helps us to design these detectors. To study the physics of the Compton backscattering, the photon transport in a CBI system is simulated using Monte-Carlo calculations with the generalized particle transport program MCNP. The photon tracks are graphically displayed using a visualization program SABRINA. On the basis of the results from these Monte-Carlo analyses, a four-detector system has been designed. This detector design utilizes the unique nature of various collision components of the scattered photons to generate separate images of buried objects and surface features. The success of this detector design is demonstrated through a series of analytically generated images. The results of the experimental measurements that validate these analytical predictions are brought out in a separate paper to be presented in this conference.

  15. Analytical study and computational radiative fluxes in a heterogeneous medium composed of multi-regions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The non-linear coupling between temperature and radiative transfer has been a topic of increasing interest in the literature. Applications are diverse and range from several fields of physics and engineering in-cluding gas-chambers for turbines, the making of ceramic devices, furnaces and high-temperature nuclear reactors. These radiative-conductive problems are often complex and thus solved numerically whereas analytical solutions are available only for some very particular problems. In the present work we dis-cuss an analytical approach to the non-linear SN radiative-conductive transfer problem in plane-parallel geometry and a heterogeneous medium, composed of three distinct regions, using a method by Laplace transform and Adomian decomposition. The heterogeneous problem may be cast into a set of homo-geneous problems, so that the general solution may be obtained by a hierarchical algorithm. This was shown in another work, that which also showed explicitly how dependencies of the Albedo, the emissivity and the reactivity on the optical depth are handled reducing partially the problem to a homogeneous one and including corrections in form of source terms The task of this study was to show that the method provides the expected results when applied to solve problems of radiative-conductive transfer in heterogeneous media. (author)

  16. An analytical study on the static vertical stiffness of wire rope isolators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balaji, P. S.; Rahman, M. E.; Ho, Lau Hieng [Curtin University Sarawak, Miri (Malaysia); Moussa, Leblouba [University of Sharjah, Sharjah (United Arab Emirates)

    2016-01-15

    The vibrations caused by earthquake ground motions or the operations of heavy machineries can affect the functionality of equipment and cause damages to the hosting structures and surrounding equipment. A Wire rope isolator (WRI), which is a type of passive isolator known to be effective in isolating shocks and vibrations, can be used for vibration isolation of lightweight structures and equipment. The primary advantage of the WRI is that it can provide isolation in all three planes and in any orientation. The load-supporting capability of the WRI is identified from the static stiffness in the loading direction. Static stiffness mainly depends on the geometrical and material properties of the WRI. This study develops an analytical model for the static stiffness in the vertical direction by using Castigliano's second theorem. The model is validated by using the experimental results obtained from a series of monotonic loading tests. The flexural rigidity of the wire ropes required in the model is obtained from the transverse bending test. Then, the analytical model is used to conduct a parametric analysis on the effects of wire rope diameter, width, height, and number of turns (loops) on vertical stiffness. The wire rope diameter influences stiffness more than the other geometric parameters. The developed model can be accurately used for the evaluation and design of WRIs.

  17. Analytical study of Yang-Mills theory in the infrared from first principles

    CERN Document Server

    Siringo, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    Pure Yang-Mills SU(N) theory is studied in the Landau gauge and four dimensional space. While leaving the original Lagrangian unmodified, a double perturbative expansion is devised, based on a massive free-particle propagator. In dimensional regularization, all diverging mass terms cancel exactly in the double expansion, without the need to include mass counterterms that would spoil the symmetry of the Lagrangian. No free parameters are included that were not in the original theory, yielding a fully analytical approach from first principles. The expansion is safe in the infrared and is equivalent to the standard perturbation theory in the UV. At one-loop, explicit analytical expressions are given for the propagators and the running coupling and are found in excellent agreement with the data of lattice simulations. A universal scaling property is predicted for the inverse propagators and shown to be satisfied by the lattice data. Higher loops are found to be negligible in the infrared below 300 MeV where the c...

  18. Environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials: Review of modeling and analytical studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scientific consensus predicts that the worldwide use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) leads to their release into the environment. We reviewed the available literature concerning environmental concentrations of six ENMs (TiO2, ZnO, Ag, fullerenes, CNT and CeO2) in surface waters, wastewater treatment plant effluents, biosolids, sediments, soils and air. Presently, a dozen modeling studies provide environmental concentrations for ENM and a handful of analytical works can be used as basis for a preliminary validation. There are still major knowledge gaps (e.g. on ENM production, application and release) that affect the modeled values, but over all an agreement on the order of magnitude of the environmental concentrations can be reached. True validation of the modeled values is difficult because trace analytical methods that are specific for ENM detection and quantification are not available. The modeled and measured results are not always comparable due to the different forms and sizes of particles that these two approaches target. -- Highlights: •Modeled environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials are reviewed. •Measured environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials are reviewed. •Possible validation of modeled data by measurements is critically evaluated. •Different approaches in modeling and measurement methods complicate validation. -- Modeled and measured environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials are reviewed and critically discussed

  19. Analytical study of Yang-Mills theory in the infrared from first principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siringo, Fabio

    2016-06-01

    Pure Yang-Mills SU(N) theory is studied in the Landau gauge and four dimensional space. While leaving the original Lagrangian unmodified, a double perturbative expansion is devised, based on a massive free-particle propagator. In dimensional regularization, all diverging mass terms cancel exactly in the double expansion, without the need to include mass counterterms that would spoil the symmetry of the Lagrangian. No free parameters are included that were not in the original theory, yielding a fully analytical approach from first principles. The expansion is safe in the infrared and is equivalent to the standard perturbation theory in the UV. At one-loop, explicit analytical expressions are given for the propagators and the running coupling and are found in excellent agreement with the data of lattice simulations. A universal scaling property is predicted for the inverse propagators and shown to be satisfied by the lattice data. Higher loops are found to be negligible in the infrared below 300 MeV where the coupling becomes small and the one-loop approximation is under full control.

  20. Experimental and analytical study of the bremsstrahlung radiation production at low energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bremsstrahlung photon beam from an X-ray tube with chromium anode has been studied, for an electron energy of 60 Kev. In the experimental step, a new measurement method has been developed. This is based on the detection and measurement of the fluorescence produced when the photons from the tube impinge on targets which are used as calibrated flux monitors. The composition and physical characteristics of the targets are well-known. In the steps of experimental data treatment, an analytical study of the theoretical models describing thick target bremsstrahlung yield is performed. A factorization which accounts for the elemental physical processes is obtained, employing simple mathematical functions. The characteristic parameters found in the numerical fit process lead to results in good agreement with the experimental observations from other authors and predict theoretical exposure values in perfect agreement with the exposures measured for X-ray beams generated in several operating conditions. (author)

  1. Spectroellipsometric and ion beam analytical studies on a glazed ceramic object with metallic lustre decoration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohner, T., E-mail: lohner@mfa.kfki.hu [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); Agócs, E. [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); Petrik, P. [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); Doctoral School of Molecular- and Nanotechnologies, Faculty of Information Technology, University of Pannonia, Egyetem utca 10, Veszprém H-8200 (Hungary); Zolnai, Z. [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); Szilágyi, E.; Kovács, I.; Szőkefalvi-Nagy, Z. [Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); Tóth, L.; Tóth, A.L.; Illés, L. [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33 (Hungary); and others

    2014-11-28

    In this work recently produced and commercially available glazed ceramic object with metallic lustre decoration was studied by using a spectroscopic ellipsometer with rotating compensator. The thickness and metal content of the surface lustre layers are determined by ion beam analytical techniques, i.e., Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and external beam particle-induced X-ray emission and the results were utilized in the construction of multilayer optical models for the evaluation and interpretation of the spectroellipsometric measurements. - Highlights: • A ceramic object with metallic lustre decoration was studied with ellipsometry. • The composition was determined using particle-induced X-ray emission. • Depth distribution of metals was measured using Backscattering Spectrometry. • Optical multilayer model was created for evaluation of ellipsometric data. • Ag nanoparticles might be the reason for shiny appearance of the ceramic object.

  2. Nuclear legislation Analytical study. Regulatory and institutional framework for nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the third update of the Analytical Study on Nuclear Legislation in OECD countries, prepared in co-operation with the competent authorities in the countries listed herein. As with the 1995 Edition and the 1996 and 1997 Updates, it is organised on the basis of a standardised format for all countries, thus facilitating the search for and comparison of information. The 1998 Update consists of replacement chapters for Austria, Belgium, Germany, Japan, Spain and the United States. In addition, there are completely new chapters for Iceland and New Zealand, which were not previously covered by this publication. A number of replacement pages are also provided for other countries which have not yet been updated. This study is based on information which was made available to the NEA Secretariat by the time of its publication. Neither the NEA Secretariat nor the national authorities of the countries concerned assume any liability for it. (author)

  3. Analytical modeling of thyristor-controlled series capacitors for SSR studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Othman, H.A. [ABB Power T and D Co. Inc., Raleigh, NC (United States). Transmission Technology Inst.; Aengquist, L. [ABB Power Systems AB, Vaesteraas (Sweden). Reactive Power Compensation Div.

    1996-02-01

    Thyristor-controlled series capacitors (TCSC) have dynamic characteristics that differ drastically from conventional series capacitors especially at frequencies outside the operating frequency range. Therefore suitable models are needed to properly study the applications of TCSC on a utility system. An accurate analytical model of the TCSC which is valid in the frequency range from 0 Hz to twice the operating frequency is presented. The model incorporates the thyristor triggering logic, the synchronization system, and higher level control loops such as power oscillation damping loop. This model is suited for linearized analyses of a power system using frequency domain methods such as eigenvalues. It is particularly valuable in studying subsynchronous resonance (SSR) and enables the utility industry to better evaluate the interactions between TCSC and other devices.

  4. Analytical and Experimental Study of Recycling Baffled Double-Pass Solar Air Heaters with Attached Fins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun Sheng Lin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The study of the heat transfer of solar air heaters with a new design using an absorbing plate with fins and baffles, which facilitate the recycling of flowing air, is reported. The mathematical formulation and analytical analysis for such a recyclic baffled double-pass solar air heater were developed theoretically. The performance of the device was studied experimentally as well. The theoretical predicted and experimental results were compared with another design, i.e., a downward-type single-pass solar air heater without recycle and double-pass operations reported in our previous work. Significant improvement in heat-transfer efficiency is achieved with the baffle and fin design due to the recycling heating and the extended heat transfer area. The effects of mass flow rate and recycle ratio on the heat-transfer efficiency enhancement as well as on the power consumption increment are also discussed.

  5. Development of sensitive and rapid analytical methodology for food analysis of 18 mycotoxins included in a total diet study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrán, Eduardo; Ibáñez, María; Portolés, Tania; Ripollés, Cristina; Sancho, Juan Vicente; Yusà, Vicent; Marín, Silvia; Hernández, Félix

    2013-06-14

    A rapid and sensitive method for the determination of 18 mycotoxins in 24 different food matrices has been developed and validated. With the exception of beverages and oil samples, a simple extraction with acetonitrile:water 80:20 (0.1% formic acid) was applied. Fruit juice, wine and beer samples were simply diluted with water containing 0.1% formic acid. Oil samples were partitioned with acetonitrile/hexane in order to remove fats. Analyses were made by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry with triple quadrupole. Validation was carried out in all selected matrices using blank samples spiked at two analyte concentrations. Extraction recoveries between 70 and 120% and relative standard deviations lower than 20% were obtained for the wide majority of analyte-matrix combinations. Matrix-matched calibration was used for a correct quantification in order to compensate for matrix effects. Limits of quantification were lower than maximum permitted levels for every regulated mycotoxin-matrix combination. The acquisition of three SRM transitions per compound allowed the unequivocal confirmation of positive samples, supported by the accomplishment of ion intensity ratios and retention time when compared with reference standards. The developed methodology was applied to the analysis of 240 samples within a total diet study performed at Comunidad Valenciana (Spain). The most frequently found mycotoxins were deoxynivalenol, fumonisin B1, ochratoxin A and zearalenone at low μg kg(-1) levels, mainly in bread, breakfast cereals and beer. PMID:23726098

  6. The Study of Properties of n-D Analytic Signals and Their Spectra in Complex and Hypercomplex Domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. Snopek

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, two various representations of a n-dimensional (n-D real signal u(x1,x2,…,xn are investigated. The first one is the n-D complex analytic signal with a single-orthant spectrum defined by Hahn in 1992 as the extension of the 1-D Gabor’s analytic signal. It is compared with two hypercomplex approaches: the known n-D Clifford analytic signal and the Cayley-Dickson analytic signal defined by the Author in 2009. The signal-domain and frequency-domain definitions of these signals are presented and compared in 2-D and 3-D. Some new relations between the spectra in 2-D and 3-D hypercomplex domains are presented. The paper is illustrated with the example of a 2-D separable Cauchy pulse.

  7. Study of analytical sensitivity of two portable X-ray Fluorescence systems for archaeological obsidians analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of archaeological and cultural heritage artifacts by means of analytical techniques with portable equipment has become increasingly routinely today. Various types of portable EDXRF equipment have been used in many different situations involving in situ analysis covering a wide range of geometries, detectors, current and voltage applied in the X-ray tubes. Therefore, it is extremely important that the geometry of the portable systems used in these studies be suitable for accurate acquisition and subsequent analysis of data. This work aim to improve the analytical sensitivity for elemental determination in archaeological objects in the laboratory and in situ, especially obsidian. The measurements were performed with two portable Energy Dispersion X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) systems. The variables studied were: distance between sample and detector, distance between sample and X-ray tube, current applied in X-ray tube and voltage applied in X-ray tube. The PXRF-LFNA-02 system, used for analysis of elements with atomic number greater than 26, is composed of a 4W X-ray tube (with Ag filter and target) and a Si-PIN detector model XR-100CR Ampetc Inc., which has a resolution of 221eV for the 5.9 keV line (25μm-thickness Be window and Ag collimator). For the analysis of elements with atomic number lower than 26 the system used was PXRF-LFNA-03, composed of a 4W X-ray tube with W target and a Si-PIN detector, model XR - 100CR of Ampetc Inc., which has a resolution of 149eV for the 5.9 keV line (12.7μm-thickness Be window and Ag collimator). The results showed that the best values for the investigated variables, which resulted in better analytical sensitivity for the two systems were: for PXRF-LFNA-02, Current 8μA and Voltage 35kV, distance between sample and tube 1.4cm, distance between sample and detector 1.7 cm, and for PXRF-LFNA-03, Current 3μA and Voltage 30kV, distance between sample and tube 1.9 cm, distance between sample and detector 2.3 cm. (author)

  8. Nuclear legislation. Analytical study: regulatory and institutional framework for nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is part of the series of analytical studies of the major aspects of nuclear legislation in OECD Member countries, prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) with the co-operation of the appropriate services of countries concerned. The first study, published in 1967, dealt with national legislations concerning nuclear third party liability. Since then, several studies on other aspects of nuclear law (e.g., transport, radiation protection, trade, etc) in Member countries have been issued. Each study is based, to the extent possible, on a standardised plan of all countries, allowing an easier retrieval and comparison of the information contained. Periodical updates are also issued in order to help the reader keep abreast of amendments in national nuclear laws and regulations, such s the revision of the study on nuclear third party liability, in 1990. The reader will find a revised and expanded version of the 1983-1984 study reflecting new changes in nuclear law and encompassing new Member countries to the OECD since then. This new version reviews the body of regulations governing nuclear activities in the OECD area as well as the institutional framework in which such regulations are applied in each country. This study is based on information available to the NEA Secretariat as of May 1995, and neither the Secretariat nor national authorities concerned assume any liability for it. It is published under the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. (author)

  9. Plastics from household waste as a source of heavy metal pollution: An inventory study using INAA as the analytical technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An inventory study to the levels of cadmium in the plastic component of household waste was carried out utilizing INAA as the analytical technique. In a 2-h irradiation, 2-d decay, and 1-h measurement, protocol adequate sensitivities could be obtained for Cd, but also for a group of other metals: Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr, Zn, As, Se, Mo, Sn, Sb, Ba, and Hg. Red-, orange-, and yellow-colored plastics either contain Cd at high levels (over 1000 mg/kg) or have relatively low Cd concentrations (<50 mg/kg). High concentrations were also occasionally found for Sr,Se,Ba,Sb, and Hg. INAA appeared very well to be routinely usable for such analysis because of the absence of a destruction step, adequate sensitivity, high accuracy, and multielement results

  10. Challenging Analytical Knowledge On Exception-Handling: An Empirical Study of 32 Java Software Packages

    OpenAIRE

    Monperrus, Martin; Germain De Montauzan, Maxence; Cornu, Benoit; Marvie, Raphael; Rouvoy, Romain

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we aim at contributing to the body of knowledge on exception-handling. We take neither an analytical approach (``we think exception handling is good because X and Y'') nor an empirical approach (``most developers do Z and T''). Our method is to compare analytical knowledge against empirical one. We first review the literature to find analytical knowledge on exception handling, we then set up a dataset of 32 Java software applications and an experimental protocol to statically c...

  11. Eye Movement Dysfunction in First-Degree Relatives of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Candidate Endophenotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calkins, Monica E.; Iacono, William G.; Ones, Deniz S.

    2008-01-01

    Several forms of eye movement dysfunction (EMD) are regarded as promising candidate endophenotypes of schizophrenia. Discrepancies in individual study results have led to inconsistent conclusions regarding particular aspects of EMD in relatives of schizophrenia patients. To quantitatively evaluate and compare the candidacy of smooth pursuit,…

  12. Psychological and physical well-being during unemployment: a meta-analytic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee-Ryan, Frances; Song, Zhaoli; Wanberg, Connie R; Kinicki, Angelo J

    2005-01-01

    The authors used theoretical models to organize the diverse unemployment literature, and meta-analytic techniques were used to examine the impact of unemployment on worker well-being across 104 empirical studies with 437 effect sizes. Unemployed individuals had lower psychological and physical well-being than did their employed counterparts. Unemployment duration and sample type (school leaver vs. mature unemployed) moderated the relationship between mental health and unemployment, but the current unemployment rate and the amount of unemployment benefits did not. Within unemployed samples, work-role centrality, coping resources (personal, social, financial, and time structure), cognitive appraisals, and coping strategies displayed stronger relationships with mental health than did human capital or demographic variables. The authors identify gaps in the literature and propose directions for future unemployment research. PMID:15641890

  13. Extended analytical study of the free-wing/free-trimmer concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, R. F.; Hall, D. W.; Vergara, R. D.

    1979-01-01

    The free wing/free trimmer concept was analytically studied in order to: (1) compare the fore and aft trimmer configurations on the basis of equal lift capability, rather than equal area; (2) assess the influence of tip mounted aft trimmers, both free and fixed, on the lateral directional modes and turbulence responses; (3) examine the feasibility of using differential tip mounted trimmer deflection for lateral control; (4) determine the effects of independent fuselage attitude on the lateral directional behavior; and (5) estimate the influence of wing sweep on dynamic behavior and structural weight. Results indicate that the forward trimmer concept is feasible with the reduced size examined, but it remains inferior to the aft trimmer in every respect except structural weight. Differential motion of the aft trimmer is found to provide powerful lateral control; while the effect of fuselage deck angle is a reduction of the dutch roll damping ratio for nose-down attitudes.

  14. A perturbative study on the analytic continuation for generalized gravitational entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Prudenziati, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    We study the analytic continuation used by Lewkowycz and Maldacena to prove the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for entanglement entropy, which is the holographic dual of the trace of the $\\beta$-power of the time evolution operator when $\\beta\\in \\mathbb{R}$. This will be done perturbatively by using a weakly time dependent Hamiltonian, corresponding to a small shift of the dual static background. Depending on the periodicity we impose on the gravitational solution, we consider two different possibilities and compare the associated entropies with the results obtained through a minimal area computation. To our surprise we discover that, at first order, both choices correctly reproduce the associated entanglement entropy. Furthermore we find unexpected divergent contributions that we have to discard in order to fit the minimal area computation, and an additional requirement that needs to be imposed on the $\\beta$ dependence on the metric.

  15. An Analytical Study of a Structured Overlay in the presence of Dynamic Membership

    CERN Document Server

    Krishnamurthy, Supriya; Aurell, Erik; Haridi, Seif

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we present an analytical study of dynamic membership (aka churn) in structured peer-to-peer networks. We use a fluid model approach to describe steady-state or transient phenomena, and apply it to the Chord system. For any rate of churn and stabilization rates, and any system size, we accurately account for the functional form of the probability of network disconnection as well as the fraction of failed or incorrect successor and finger pointers. We show how we can use these quantities to predict both the performance and consistency of lookups under churn. All theoretical predictions match simulation results. The analysis includes both features that are generic to structured overlays deploying a ring as well as Chord-specific details, and opens the door to a systematic comparative analysis of, at least, ring-based structured overlay systems under churn.

  16. Analytical study on beam steering in low-β superconducting quarter wave resonators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superconducting (SC) cavities currently used for acceleration of ions in the velocity range from 0.01 c to 0.3 c are based frequently on quarter-wave resonators (QWR). Various types of QWR cavities across a frequency extent from 50 to 240 MHz have been constructed or are proposed for numerous applications. A drawback of this kind of cavities is the beam steering caused by transverse magnetic and electric field components, which can create emittance growth. In this paper, the analytical studies on beam steering in quarter wave resonator of frequency = 80.5 and 161 MHz of the SC linac has been done in Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the calculated results have told us that the correction for beam deflection should be a consideration during the design of the QWR cavity, which generally involves the shaping the inner drift tube. (authors)

  17. Applications of surface analytical techniques for study of the interactions between mercury and fluorescent lamp materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Twan A; Frisk, T A; Grossman, M W

    2002-08-01

    Several surface analytical techniques, including electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA)(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and sputtered neutral mass spectrometry (SNMS), were used to study the interaction between Hg and other components of fluorescent lamps, a very critical issue in lighting industries. Active sites, responsible for Hg interaction/deposition, can be successfully identified by comparing the x- y distribution (obtained by ESCA mapping) and depth distribution (available through SNMS) of respective lamp components with that of Hg. A correlation in both depth and x- y distribution is strong evidence of site preference for Hg interaction/deposition. A burial mechanism is, however, proposed when only depth distribution, not x- y, is correlated. Other modes of ESCA (high resolution, angle-resolved, etc.) were also helpful. Information about the valence states of the interacted Hg species would help to define the nature of the interaction. PMID:12185568

  18. Analytical Study of the relationship Between an Absorber Cavity and Solar Fresnel Concentrator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, J. Boise; Watson, Michael D.

    1998-01-01

    This paper presents an analytical study of the relationship between an engine absorber cavity and a solar concentrator in a solar thermal propulsion system. The engine is a thermal storage engine, and the concentrator consists of a primary thin-film fresnel concentrator and a secondary Compound Parabolic Concentrator. Two thermal models of the engine are developed, a blackbody cavity model and a 2D numerical model. Results of the two models are compared, with attention to the limitations of the blackbody model 'Me fresnel concentrator model is based on a Circle of Least Confusion approach. The results of the thermal and optical models are combined to create a combined model with absorber temperature predictions. This combined model approach is used to predict an optimum engine aperture size.

  19. An Analytical Study of Fuzzy Control of a Flexible Rod Mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beale, D.; Lee, S. W.; Boghiu, D.

    1998-02-01

    The non-linear nature of very high speed, flexible rod mechanisms has been previously confirmed, both experimentally and analytically in reference [1]. Therefore, effective control system design for flexible mechanisms operating at very high speeds must consider the non-linearities when designing a controller for very high speeds. Active control via fuzzy logic is assessed as means to suppress the elastic transverse bending vibration of a flexible rod of a slider crank mechanism. Several pairs of piezoelectric elements are used to provide the control action. Sensor output of deflection is fed to the fuzzy controller, which determines the voltage input to the actuators. A three mode approximation is used in the simulation study. Computer simulation shows that fuzzy control can be used to suppress bending vibrations at high speeds, and even at speeds where the uncontrolled response would be unstable.

  20. Bending energy of a vesicle to which a small spherical particle adhere: An analytical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Si-Qin; Wei, Guang-Hong; Chen, Jeff Z. Y.

    2015-09-01

    On the basis of Helfrich’s bending energy model, we show that the adsorption process of a small spherical particle to a closed vesicle can be analytically studied by retaining the leading terms in an expansion of the shape equation. Our general derivation predicts the optimal binding sites on a vesicle, where the local membrane shape of the binding site could be non-axisymmetric before the continuous adhesion transition takes place. Our derivation avoids directly solving the shape equation and depends on an integration of the contact-line condition. The results are verified by several examples of independent numerical solutions. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11074047 and 11274075), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. RFDP-20100071110006), and the Natural Science and Science Engineering Council of Canada.

  1. Study of temperature profile in nuclear fuel element end cap resistance upset welding using analytical technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The temperature distribution in solid-state end cap welding process is predicted using analytical heat transfer study and the results are verified using thermal imaging technique. The predicted and actual temperature rise with welding time showed similar trends. The temperature rise occurs at much faster rate in the initial phase due to high initial contact resistance between cladding tube and end cap. The peak temperature in the welding process for the current ranges of welding variables reaches around 850°C-900°C under normal operating conditions, which supports the presence of Widmanstaetten or martensitic structures at the heat affected zones in end cap welding. However, more accurate measurements of the temperature are possible in future with the use of photo-sensors with very low response time. (author)

  2. Analytical and computational study of magnetization switching in kinetic Ising systems with demagnetizing fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richards, H.L.; Rikvold, P.A.

    1996-01-01

    An important aspect of real ferromagnetic particles is the demagnetizing field resulting from magnetostatic dipole-dipole interactions, which causes large particles to break up into equilibrium domains. Sufficiently small particles, however, remain single domain in equilibrium. This makes them...... particularly promising as materials for high-density magnetic recording media. In this paper we use analytic arguments and Monte Carlo simulations to quantitatively study the effects of the demagnetizing field on the dynamics of magnetization switching in two-dimensional, single-domain, kinetic Ising systems....... For systems in the weak-field ''stochastic region,'' where magnetization switching is on average effected by the nucleation and growth of a single droplet, the simulation results can be explained by a simple model in which the free energy is a function only of magnetization. In the intermediate...

  3. Analytical electron microscope study of the omega phase transformation in a zirconium--niobium alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaluzec, N.J.

    1979-06-01

    An in-situ study of the as-quenched omega phase transformation in Zr--15% Nb was conducted between the temperatures of 77 and 300/sup 0/K using analytical electron microscopy. The domain size of the omega regions observed in this investigation was on the order of 30 A, consistent with previous observations in this system. No alignment of omega domains along <222> directions of the bcc lattice was observed and in-situ thermal cycling experiments failed to produce a long period structure of alternating ..beta.. and ..omega.. phase regions as predicted by one theory of this transformation. Several techniques of microstructural analysis were developed, refined, and standardized. Grouped under the general classification of Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM) they provide the experimentalist with a unique tool for the microcharacterization of solids, allowing semiquantitative to quantitative analysis of the morphology, crystallography, elemental composition, and electronic structure of regions as small as 20 A in diameter. These techniques have complications, and it was necessary to study the AEM system used in this work so that instrumental artifacts which invalidate the information produced in the microscope environment might be eliminated. Once these factors had been corrected, it was possible to obtain a wealth of information about the microvolume of material under investigation. The microanalytical techniques employed during this research include: energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) using both conventional and scanning transmission electron microscopy (CTEM, STEM), transmission scanning electron diffraction (TSED), the stationary diffraction pattern technique, and electron energy loss spectroscopy (ELS) using a dedicated scanning transmission electron microscope (DSTEM).

  4. Plastic deformation of crystals: analytical and computer simulation studies of dislocation glide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Altintas, S.

    1978-05-01

    The plastic deformation of crystals is usually accomplished through the motion of dislocations. The glide of a dislocation is impelled by the applied stress and opposed by microstructural defects such as point defects, voids, precipitates and other dislocations. The planar glide of a dislocation through randomly distributed obstacles is considered. The objective of the present research work is to calculate the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) for athermal glide and the velocity of the dislocation at finite temperature as a function of the applied stress and the nature and strength of the obstacles. Dislocation glide through mixtures of obstacles has been studied analytically and by computer simulation. Arrays containing two kinds of obstacles as well as square distribution of obstacle strengths are considered. The critical resolved shear stress for an array containing obstacles with a given distribution of strengths is calculated using the sum of the quadratic mean of the stresses for the individual obstacles and is found to be in good agreement with the computer simulation data. Computer simulation of dislocation glide through randomly distributed obstacles containing up to 10/sup 6/ obstacles show that the CRSS decreases as the size of the array increases and approaches a limiting value. Histograms of forces and of segment lengths are obtained and compared with theoretical predictions. Effects of array shape and boundary conditions on the dislocation glide are also studied. Analytical and computer simulation results are compared with experimental results obtained on precipitation-, irradiation-, forest-, and impurity cluster-hardening systems and are found to be in good agreement.

  5. Study on the Explicit Formula of the Triangular Flat Shell Element Based on the Analytical Trial Functions for Anisotropy Material

    OpenAIRE

    Xiang-Rong Fu; Li-Na Ge; Ge Tian; Ming-Wu Yuan

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a novel way to formulate the triangular flat shell element. The basic analytical solutions of membrane and bending plate problem for anisotropy material are studied separately. Combining with the conforming displacement along the sides and hybrid element strategy, the triangular flat shell elements based on the analytical trial functions (ATF) for anisotropy material are formulated. By using the explicit integral formulae of the triangular element, the matrices used in pro...

  6. Action Video Game Training for Healthy Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping; Liu, Han-Hui; Zhu, Xing-Ting; Meng, Tian; Li, Hui-Jie; Zuo, Xi-Nian

    2016-01-01

    Action video game (AVG) has attracted increasing attention from both the public and from researchers. More and more studies found video game training improved a variety of cognitive functions. However, it remains controversial whether healthy adults can benefit from AVG training, and whether young and older adults benefit similarly from AVG training. In the present study, we aimed to quantitatively assess the AVG training effect on the cognitive ability of adults and to compare the training effects on young and older adults by conducting a meta-analysis on previous findings. We systematically searched video game training studies published between January 1986 and July 2015. Twenty studies were included in the present meta-analysis, for a total of 313 participants included in the training group and 323 participants in the control group. The results demonstrate that healthy adults achieve moderate benefit from AVG training in overall cognitive ability and moderate to small benefit in specific cognitive domains. In contrast, young adults gain more benefits from AVG training than older adults in both overall cognition and specific cognitive domains. Age, education, and some methodological factors, such as the session duration, session number, total training duration, and control group type, modulated the training effects. These meta-analytic findings provide evidence that AVG training may serve as an efficient way to improve the cognitive performance of healthy adults. We also discussed several directions for future AVG training studies. PMID:27378996

  7. Action Video Game Training for Healthy Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping; Liu, Han-Hui; Zhu, Xing-Ting; Meng, Tian; Li, Hui-Jie; Zuo, Xi-Nian

    2016-01-01

    Action video game (AVG) has attracted increasing attention from both the public and from researchers. More and more studies found video game training improved a variety of cognitive functions. However, it remains controversial whether healthy adults can benefit from AVG training, and whether young and older adults benefit similarly from AVG training. In the present study, we aimed to quantitatively assess the AVG training effect on the cognitive ability of adults and to compare the training effects on young and older adults by conducting a meta-analysis on previous findings. We systematically searched video game training studies published between January 1986 and July 2015. Twenty studies were included in the present meta-analysis, for a total of 313 participants included in the training group and 323 participants in the control group. The results demonstrate that healthy adults achieve moderate benefit from AVG training in overall cognitive ability and moderate to small benefit in specific cognitive domains. In contrast, young adults gain more benefits from AVG training than older adults in both overall cognition and specific cognitive domains. Age, education, and some methodological factors, such as the session duration, session number, total training duration, and control group type, modulated the training effects. These meta-analytic findings provide evidence that AVG training may serve as an efficient way to improve the cognitive performance of healthy adults. We also discussed several directions for future AVG training studies. PMID:27378996

  8. Development of analytical methods relating to aerosol and fission product release from hot and boiling sodium pools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analytical methods are described for (a) sodium; (b) the following anions of sodium aerosols: OH-, CO2- and HCO3-; (c) fission products Cs and Sr. For sodium, the ion selective electrode was used. The anions were determined by a titration method using phenolphthalein and methyl orange as indicators. Atomic absorption spectroscopy was used for Cs and Sr. (U.K.)

  9. Development and Validation of a Learning Analytics Framework: Two Case Studies Using Support Vector Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ifenthaler, Dirk; Widanapathirana, Chathuranga

    2014-01-01

    Interest in collecting and mining large sets of educational data on student background and performance to conduct research on learning and instruction has developed as an area generally referred to as learning analytics. Higher education leaders are recognizing the value of learning analytics for improving not only learning and teaching but also…

  10. Factors Affecting Higher Order Thinking Skills of Students: A Meta-Analytic Structural Equation Modeling Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budsankom, Prayoonsri; Sawangboon, Tatsirin; Damrongpanit, Suntorapot; Chuensirimongkol, Jariya

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the research is to develop and identify the validity of factors affecting higher order thinking skills (HOTS) of students. The thinking skills can be divided into three types: analytical, critical, and creative thinking. This analysis is done by applying the meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) based on a database of…

  11. Factors Influencing Beliefs for Adoption of a Learning Analytics Tool: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Liaqat; Asadi, Mohsen; Gasevic, Dragan; Jovanovic, Jelena; Hatala, Marek

    2013-01-01

    Present research and development offer various learning analytics tools providing insights into different aspects of learning processes. Adoption of a specific tool for practice is based on how its learning analytics are perceived by educators to support their pedagogical and organizational goals. In this paper, we propose and empirically validate…

  12. Analytical methodology for the study of decontamination factors in mixer-settlers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the complexity of the samples, the choice of the analytical methodology to be applied at a radiochemical laboratory, for the evaluation of different separation steps if of a great importance. It is necessary to know the performance of mixer-settlers in two extreme situations: efficiency limit determined by fluid dynamic factors and separation factor determined by physicochemical variables. The element used to determine the efficiency limit was magnesium, due to its low distribution coefficient in tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP). Zirconium, being one of the principal fission product, is partially extracted and was used to study the influence of chemical conditions. Atomic absorption spectrometry was selected for the determination of micro quantities of magnesium, and complexometry for macro quantities of this element. It was necessary to separate uranium using extraction chromatography with Kel F-TBP columns. Concentration range was 0.1 - 1 mg/L and 7 - 70 g/L respectively. Zirconium was determined by spectrophotometry with xylenol orange. For organic samples, it was necessary to reextract the analyte with fluoride, to evaporate with sulfuric acid and to complex the excess of fluoride with aluminum. Uranium determinations, required for mass balance, were carried out by spectrophotometry and potentiometry depending upon concentration. Because of the presence of zirconium, two methods were developed for uranium determination using liquid-liquid extraction in the presence of complexing agents. In one case, TBP was used as extractant, dibenzoylmethane as chromogenic reagent and EDTA as complexing agent. For very low quantities of uranium, tri-octyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) was the extractant, 2-(2-thiazolylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol (TAAP) the chromogenic reagent, and (1-2-cyclohexylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid (CDTA) the complexing agent. (Author)

  13. Experimental and analytical studies on the seismic behavior of conventional and hybrid braced frames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Jiun-Wei

    This dissertation summarizes both experimental and analytical studies on the seismic response of conventional steel concentrically braced frame systems of the type widely used in North America, and preliminary studies of an innovative hybrid braced frame system: the Strong-Back System. The research work is part of NEES small group project entitled "International Hybrid Simulation of Tomorrow's Braced Frames." In the experimental phase, a total of four full-scale, one-bay, two-story conventional braced frame specimens with different bracing member section shapes and gusset plate-to-beam connection details were designed and tested at the NEES Berkeley Laboratory. Three braced frame specimens were tested quasi-statically using the same predefined loading protocol to investigate the inelastic cyclic behavior of code-compliant braced frames at both the global and local level. The last braced frame specimen was nearly identical to one of those tested quasi-statically. However, it was tested using hybrid simulation techniques to examine the sensitivity of inelastic behavior on loading sequence and to relate the behavior observed to different levels of seismic hazard. Computer models of the test specimens were developed using two different computer software programs. In the software framework OpenSees fiber-based line elements were used to simulate global buckling of members and yielding and low-cycle fatigue failure at sections. The LS-DYNA analysis program was also used to model individual struts and the test specimens using shell elements with adaptive meshing and element erosion features. This program provided enhanced ability to simulate section local buckling, strain concentrations and crack development. The numerical results were compared with test results to assess and refine and the ability of the models to predict braced frame behavior. A series of OpenSees numerical cyclic component simulations were then conducted using the validated modeling approach. Two

  14. Comparing the Ranking of Cobalt Coating Microstructures, Produced by Direct Current through Experimental Studies and the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Shirdastian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, cobalt has been known as an alternative coating material to chromium in corrosion and erosion resistant applications. Extensive research has been carried out on a variety of electroplated cobalt coatings. In this study, for the first time, the relative priority of cobalt coatings has been evaluated by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, in combination with empirical methods. In the first step, Cu substrates have been coated with Co under different experimental conditions. The SEM micrographs of Co coatings have been analyzed via image analysis (Clemex software. In the second step, through the AHP and the Expert Choice software, benefiting from expert opinions, the relative weights of the effective parameters with an influence on microstructure have been calculated. Subsequently, by using the weights obtained, the relative priority of alternatives was calculated and the quality of coatings was ranked. The predicted ranking has been found to be in consistence with the experimental results. This result shows that before experimental tests, the best alternatives to achieve the ultimate goal could be anticipated. This anticipation leads to reduce in trial and error and the multiplicity of the tests in investigations.

  15. Self-interstitial configuration in molybdenum studied by modified analytical embedded atom method

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jian-Min Zhang; Zhang Fang Wang; Ke-Wei Xu

    2009-05-01

    The stability of various atomic configurations containing a self-interstitial atom (SIA) in a model representing Mo has been investigated using the modified analytical embedded atom method (MAEAM). The lattice relaxations are treated with the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation at absolute zero of temperature. Six relatively stable self-interstitial configurations and formation energies have been described and calculated. The results indicate that the [1 1 1] dumbbell interstitial S111 has the lowest formation energy, and in ascending order, the sequence of the configurations is predicted to be S111, C, S110, T, S001 and O. From relaxed displacement field up to the fifth-NN atoms of six configurations, we know that the relaxed displacements depend not only on separation distances of the NN atoms from the defect centre but also strongly on the direction of the connected line between the NN atoms and the defect centre. The equilibrium distances between two nearest atoms in the core of the S111, C, S110, T, S001 and O configurations are 0.72a, 0.72a, 0.71a, 0.72a, 0.70a and 0.70a, respectively.

  16. Study on the paper substrate room temperature phosphorescence of theobromine, caffeine and theophylline and analytical application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuan, Dong; Yan-Li, Wei; Shao-Min, Shuang

    2003-05-01

    Paper substrate room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) of theobromine (TB), caffeine (CF) and theophylline (TP) were investigated. The method is based on fast speed quantitative filter paper as substrate and KI-NaAc as heavy atom perturber. Various factors affecting their RTP were discussed in detail. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the linear dynamic range, limit of detection (LOD), and relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) were 14.41˜576.54 ng per spot, 1.14 ng per spot, 4.8% for TB, 5.44˜699.08 ng per spot, 0.78 ng per spot, 1.56% for CF, 7.21˜360.34 ng per spot, 1.80 ng per spot, 3.80% for TP, respectively. The first analytical application for the determination of these compounds was developed. The recovery of standard samples added to commercial products chocolate, tea, coffee and aminophylline is in the range 92.80-106.08%. The proposed method was successfully applied to real sample analysis without separation.

  17. Hydrolysis Studies and Quantitative Determination of Aluminum Ions Using [superscript 27]Al NMR: An Undergraduate Analytical Chemistry Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Maria A.; Ingalls, Laura R.; Campbell, Andrew; James-Pederson, Magdalena

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a novel experiment focused on metal ion hydrolysis and the equilibria related to metal ions in aqueous systems. Using [superscript 27]Al NMR, the students become familiar with NMR spectroscopy as a quantitative analytical tool for the determination of aluminum by preparing a standard calibration curve using standard aluminum…

  18. Validation of analytical methods for the stability studies of naproxen suppositories for infant and adult use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analytical and validating studies were performed in this paper, with a view to using them in the stability studies of the future formulations of naproxen suppositories for children and adults. The most influential factors in the naproxen stability were determined, that is, the major degradation occurred in acid medium, oxidative medium and by light action. One high-performance liquid chromatography-based method was evaluated, which proved to be adequate to quantify naproxen in suppositories and was selective against degradation products. The quantification limit was 3,480 μg, so it was valid for these studies. Additionally, the parameters specificity for stability, detection and quantification limits were evaluated for the direct semi-aqueous acid-base method, which was formerly validated for the quality control and showed satisfactory results. Nevertheless, the volumetric methods were not regarded as stability indicators; therefore, this method will be used along with the chromatographic methods of choice, that is, thin-layer chromatography and highperformance liquid chromatography, to determine the degradation products

  19. Gloss paints in late paintings by Francis Picabia: a multi-analytical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkori, Maria; Hubert, Marie-Odile; Balcar, Nathalie; Barabant, Gilles; Sutherland, Ken; Casadio, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a multi-analytical approach for the study of the materials used by Francis Picabia in two paintings dating from 1949 and 1950 is reported, with a particular reference to the possible use of enamel paints. The study is complemented by analysis of paints that had the appearance of glossy enamel sampled from the artist's easel in the collection of the Comité Francis Picabia. Analysis with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry with thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM-Py-GCMS) and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that only few paints match the composition of historical reference samples of Ripolin enamels, while the majority of the glossy paints sampled likely consist of mixtures of binders and varnishes made by the artist. This study confirms the importance of scientific testing and comparison with reference materials, when determining artists' use of enamel paints. Results should be interpreted in the context of documentary/historical evidence, for a more informed characterization of oleoresinous paint media.

  20. An Analytical Study of Causing Crimes: A Study Conducted at Sargodha & Shahpur Jails

    OpenAIRE

    Shahzad Ali; Babak Mahmood; Malik Muhammad Sohail

    2012-01-01

    The study was conducted to analyze the causes and socio-economic factors that are possibly responsible for crimes in Pakistan. Crimes have always overwhelmed every society in human history. The history of crime is as old as history of mankind. The present study was conducted on the prisoners of Sargodha and Shahpur jails. Major constructs were i.e. socio-economic factors and unemployment. 200 respondents were selected, 100 from each jail. A well structured interview schedule was used to colle...

  1. A STUDY OF CONVERSIONS OF LAPAROSOCOPIC SURGERIES INTO OPEN SURGERIES: A ANALYTICAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Venkata Reddy; Sailaja Rani; Buddha; Mohsin; Jagadeesh; Sushma; Varun; Mounika

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of present study is to know the Conversions in Laparoscopic surgery to Open surgery in The patients of all the surgical units in the Department of General Surgery, Government General Hospital, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada over a period of 2 years from July 2013 to July 2015. The Objectives of present study is to compare the Conversion Rates of Laparoscopic Surgery to Open Surgery and the factors causing Conversion to Open Surgery in our institution...

  2. Multi-analytical characterization of archaeological ceramics. A case study from the Sforza Castle (Milano, Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barberini, V.; Maspero, F.; Galimberti, L.; Fusi, N.

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this work was the characterization, using several analytical techniques, of a sample of ancient pottery found during archaeological excavations in the 14th century's Sforza Castle in Milano. The use of a multi-analytical approach is well established in the study of archaeological materials (e.g. Tite et al. 1984, Ribechini et al. 2008). The chemical composition of the sample was determined with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. The chemical composition is: SiO2 61.3(±3)%, Al2O3 22.5(±2)%, Fe2O3 7.19(±6)%, K2O 3.85(±1)%, MgO 1.6(±1)%, Na2O 1.6(±4)% (probably overestimated), TiO2 1.02(±2)%, CaO 0.93(±1)%, MnO 0.15(±1)% and P2O5 0.06(±2)%. The K2O content, important when dealing with TL dating, was determined also with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The K2O content determined with atomic absorption is 3.86(±3)%, in agreement with X-ray fluorescence analysis. The mineralogical composition of the sample was determined with X-ray powder diffraction: quartz 59.6(±1) wt%, mica 37.8(±3) wt% and feldspar (plagioclase) 2.6(±2) wt%. The sample homogeneity was assessed with X-ray computerised tomography (CT), which is a very powerful non-destructive analysis tool for 3D characterization (Sèguin, 1991). CT images show differences in materials with different X-ray absorption (mainly depending on different densities) and 3D reconstruction has many interesting archaeological applications (e.g. study of sealed jars). CT images of the studied sample showed the presence of angular fragments (probably quartz) few millimetres wide immersed in a fine grained matrix. Moreover, before and after the CT analysis, some ceramic powder was sampled to perform thermoluminescence analysis (TL, the powder used for this analysis can not be recovered). It was thus possible to evaluate the dose absorbed by the material due the X-ray irradiation. The dose absorbed after 3 hours of irradiation, the time needed for a complete scan of a 7 x 5 x 1 cm, is about 100 Gy, which

  3. Reducing the Analytical Bottleneck for Domain Scientists: Lessons from a Climate Data Visualization Case Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dasgupta, Aritra; Poco, Jorge; Bertini, Enrico; Silva, Claudio T.

    2016-01-31

    The gap between large-scale data production rate and the rate of generation of data-driven scientific insights has led to an analytical bottleneck in scientific domains like climate, biology, etc. This is primarily due to the lack of innovative analytical tools that can help scientists efficiently analyze and explore alternative hypotheses about the data, and communicate their findings effectively to a broad audience. In this paper, by reflecting on a set of successful collaborative research efforts between with a group of climate scientists and visualization researchers, we introspect how interactive visualization can help reduce the analytical bottleneck for domain scientists.

  4. Analytical approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of aging and aging-related disease: redox status and proteomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabrese, V; Dattilo, S; Petralia, A; Parenti, R; Pennisi, M; Koverech, G; Calabrese, V; Graziano, A; Monte, I; Maiolino, L; Ferreri, T; Calabrese, E J

    2015-05-01

    Basal levels of oxidants are indispensible for redox signaling to produce adaptive cellular responses such as vitagenes linked to cell survival; however, at higher levels, they are detrimental to cells, contributing to aging and to the pathogenesis of numerous age-related diseases. Aging is a complex systemic process and the major gap in aging research reminds the insufficient knowledge about pathways shifting from normal "healthy" aging to disease-associated pathological aging. The major complication of normal "healthy" aging is in fact the increasing risk of age-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and neurodegenerative pathologies that can adversely affect the quality of life in general, with enhanced incidences of comorbidities and mortality. In this context, global "omics" approaches may help to dissect and fully study the cellular and molecular mechanisms of aging and age-associated processes. The proteome, being more close to the phenotype than the transcriptome and more stable than the metabolome, represents the most promising "omics" field in aging research. In the present study, we exploit recent advances in the redox biology of aging and discuss the potential of proteomics approaches as innovative tools for monitoring at the proteome level the extent of protein oxidative insult and related modifications with the identification of targeted proteins. PMID:25824967

  5. Analytic study of higher dimensional holographic superconductors in Born-Infeld electrodynamics away from the probe limit

    CERN Document Server

    Ghorai, Debabrata

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we analytically investigate the properties of holographic superconductors in higher dimensions in the framework of Born-Infeld electrodynamics taking into account the backreaction of the spacetime using the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue method. In the background of pure Einstein and Gauss-Bonnet gravity, based on a perturbative approach, we obtain the relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. Higher value of the backreaction and Born-Infeld parameters result in a harder condensation to form in both cases. The analytical results are found to agree with the existing numerical results.

  6. Analytical modelling and study of the stability characteristics of the Advanced Heavy Water Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analytical model has been developed to study the thermohydraulic and neutronic-coupled density-wave instability in the Indian Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) which is a natural circulation pressure tube type boiling water reactor. The model considers a point kinetics model for the neutron dynamics and a lumped parameter model for the fuel thermal dynamics along with the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy and equation of state for the coolant. In addition, to study the effect of neutron interactions between different parts of the core, the model considers a coupled multipoint kinetics equation in place of simple point kinetics equation. Linear stability theory was applied to reveal the instability of in-phase and out-of-phase modes in the boiling channels of the AHWR. The results indicate that the design configuration considered may experience both Ledinegg and Type I and Type II density-wave instabilities depending on the operating condition. Some methods of suppressing these instabilities were found out. In addition, it was found that the stability behavior of the reactor is greatly influenced by the void reactivity coefficient, fuel time constant, radial power distribution and channel inlet orificing. The delayed neutrons were found to have strong influence on the Type I and Type II instabilities. Decay ratio maps were predicted considering various operating parameters of the reactor, which are useful for its design. (author)

  7. Cloud-Enabled Climate Analytics-as-a-Service using Reanalysis data: A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadeau, D.; Duffy, D.; Schnase, J. L.; McInerney, M.; Tamkin, G.; Potter, G. L.; Thompson, J. H.

    2014-12-01

    The NASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS) maintains advanced data capabilities and facilities that allow researchers to access the enormous volume of data generated by weather and climate models. The NASA Climate Model Data Service (CDS) and the NCCS are merging their efforts to provide Climate Analytics-as-a-Service for the comparative study of the major reanalysis projects: ECMWF ERA-Interim, NASA/GMAO MERRA, NOAA/NCEP CFSR, NOAA/ESRL 20CR, JMA JRA25, and JRA55. These reanalyses have been repackaged to netCDF4 file format following the CMIP5 Climate and Forecast (CF) metadata convention prior to be sequenced into the Hadoop Distributed File System ( HDFS ). A small set of operations that represent a common starting point in many analysis workflows was then created: min, max, sum, count, variance and average. In this example, Reanalysis data exploration was performed with the use of Hadoop MapReduce and accessibility was achieved using the Climate Data Service(CDS) application programming interface (API) created at NCCS. This API provides a uniform treatment of large amount of data. In this case study, we have limited our exploration to 2 variables, temperature and precipitation, using 3 operations, min, max and avg and using 30-year of Reanalysis data for 3 regions of the world: global, polar, subtropical.

  8. Analytical, antioxidant and hepatoprotective studies on extracts of oxalis corniculata linn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Despite a number of traditional medicinal uses and pharmacological properties, the usefulness of Oxalis corniculata Linn. (Family: Oxalidaceae) is a question due to its high oxalate content which can form insoluble salts with physiological calcium. Therefore, the present study aimed to reduce oxalates in extracts and to investigate such extracts chemically and biologically. The extraction was carried out using different solvents and methods, and analytical studies of extracts indicated that oxalate contents decrease on drying the material. Furthermore, extraction of both fresh and dried materials using 1 % aqueous calcium chloride and ferric chloride solutions resulted in lowering oxalate contents. Methanolic extracts of stems and leaves having lower oxalates were obtained using sequential extraction, which showed good in vitro antioxidant activity - by DPPH and beta-carotene linoleate models - and in vivo hepatoprotective activity in isoniazid and rifampicin-induced oxidative stressed rats (P < 0.05). It was concluded that methanolic extracts of leaves and stems of Oxalis corniculata had lower oxalates and showed promising antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities. (author)

  9. An analytical study of the effects of vaporization of twodimensional laminar droplets on a triple flame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bidabadi Mehdi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The structure of triple flame propagation in combustion systems, containing uniformly distributed volatile fuel droplet was analyzed. The analysis was established for a one-step irreversible reaction with an asymptotic limit, where the value of the Zeldovich Number is large. Here, using unit Lewis number, the analytical results for the triple flame temperature were obtained considering two sections. In the first section, a non-vaporizing fuel stream was studied and in the second section, a volatile droplet fuel stream was taken into account. It is presumed that the fuel droplets vaporize to yield a gaseous fuel of known chemical structure, which is subsequently oxidized in the gaseous phase. Here two different cases are studied. In the first case, only the velocity parallel to the reactant flow was considered; while for the latter one, the vertical velocity was considered in addition. The energy equations were solved and the temperature field equations are presented. The results are first presented for a non-vaporizing fuel and compared to the experiment results. In addition, some other results of the temperature field for a vaporizing fuel stream are demonstrated within the comparison between the abovementioned cases which revealed the effect of the considering the vertical velocity component on the flame temperature field.

  10. An experimental and analytical study of heat transfer characteristic of a UF6-filled vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental and analytical study was conducted aiming at a better understanding of thermal behavior of uranium hexafluoride in cylinders. The experimental study includes the measurement for thermal conductivity of solid and liquid uranium hexafluoride as well as the thermal test for a bare vessel filled with about 110 kg of uranium hexafluoride. The thermal conductivity of solid and liquid uranium hexafluoride was measured by steady and non-steady methods and was found to be in fairly good agreement with the values estimated by the Webers empirical equation. The thermal test was conducted to observe the phase changes of inner uranium hexafluoride as a function of time and location as well as the apparent heat transfer coefficient between the cylinder material and inner uranium hexafluoride. Based on both the observation of this thermal test and the experimental determination of thermal conductivity, the two-dimensional analysis is carried out to complete liquefraction of uranium hexafluoride in the test cylinder by using a Phoenics code which takes direct account of fluid flow effect

  11. Penetration of chlorhexidine coating into tooth enamel: A surface analytical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodhi, Rana N S; Symington, John

    2016-01-01

    Chlorhexidine has proved an efficient antibacterial agent and has been used successfully to prevent new carious lesions in the teeth of adults and children. The substantivity of chlorhexidine has not been identified with any precision, but is certainly not of short duration. In this work, surface analytical techniques have been applied to study the chemical composition, distribution, and penetration of an applied liquid coating containing chlorhexidine onto tooth enamel in order to ascertain mechanisms by which chlorhexidine keeps its long term substantivity. Several hypotheses have been put forward with regard to its substantivity, including concepts of chlorhexidine remaining as a reservoir upon application either in the epithelial surfaces, the tooth surface, or the biofilm. Alternatively, it has been proposed the teeth themselves act as the reservoir. To study this, a chlorhexidine containing liquid coating was applied to the surface of teeth. These were subsequently transversely cross-sectioned. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) were performed on both surfaces to ascertain chemical composition and distribution of the applied coating. It was found that it formed a coating layer of about 25 μm thick. High spatial ToF-SIMS images showed little evidence of substantial diffusion of chlorhexidine into the enamel, either from the surface or via the enamel lamellae. PMID:27094389

  12. Analytical study of terahertz wave intensity measurements by ZnTe electro-optic crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddique, Muhammad; Yang, Suhui; Li, Zhuo; Li, Ping

    2008-03-01

    An analytical study of THz-waves' intensity measurement generated by Terahertz Parametric Oscillator (TPO) and detection of the THz pulses occurs via free-space electro optic detection by ZnTe crystal has been studied. The pump-probe technique has been used to observe the dynamics of an optically excited ZnTe electro-optic crystal. THz wave will be used as modulation source for electro-optical phenomena in ZnTe crystal. The THz pulses generated by TPO are 10-25 ns pulses at a repetition rate of 1Hz. ZnTe crystal is being used for intensity measurement of THz-waves. In this theoretical proposed experiment, a short pump pulse (THz-wave) and probe pulse (near IR laser) with duration of typically 10 to 25 ns interacts in the ZnTe. In electro-optic sampling the two effects namely Pockels effect and Kerr effect have been discussed and interaction of two beams from or transmission through the ZnTe, the probe pulse Intensity contains information about the THz-waves' intensity and so on.

  13. Analytical studies on local damage to reinforced concrete structures under impact loading by discrete element method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes a new analytical approach for assessing local damage to reinforced concrete structures subjected to impact load, by applying the discrete element method (DEM). It first outlines the basis concept and analytical formulation of the DEM. Next, it discusses the results of simulation analyses of concrete material tests, uni-axial compression tests and tensile splitting tests conducted to determine appropriate analytical parameters such as material constants, failure criteria and strength increase factors depending on strain rate. Finally, the adaptability of the DEM to local damage to reinforced concrete structures impacted by rigid and deformable missiles is verified through simulation analyses of various types of impact tests. Furthermore, the various impact response characteristics and failure mechanisms, such as impact forces, penetration behavior, reduction in missile velocity and energy transfer process, which are difficult to obtain experimentally, are analytically evaluated by the DEM. (orig.)

  14. Analytic Matrix Method for the Study of Propagation Characteristics of a Bent Planar Waveguide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Qing; CAO Zhuang-Qi; SHEN Qi-Shun; DOU Xiao-Ming; CHEN Ying-Li

    2000-01-01

    An analytic matrix method is used to analyze and accurately calculate the propagation constant and bendinglosses of a bent planar waveguide. This method gives not only a dispersion equation with explicit physical insight,but also accurate complex propagation constants.

  15. Power Users and Patchworking – an Analytical Approach to Critical Studies of Young People’s Learning with Digital Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryberg, Thomas; Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Lone

    2008-01-01

    people’s learning in technology and media-rich settings. Based on a study of a group of young ‘Power Users’ it is argued, that conceptualising and analysing learning as a process of patchworking can enhance our knowledge of young people’s learning in such settings. We argue that the analytical approach...... gives us ways of critically investigating young people’s learning in technology and media-rich settings, and study if these are processes of critical, reflexive enquiry where resources are creatively re-appropriated. With departure in an analytical example the paper presents the proposed metaphor of......This paper sets out to problematize generational categories such as ‘Power Users’ or ‘New Millennium Learners’ by discussing these in the light of recent research on youth and ICT. We then suggest analytic and conceptual pathways to engage in more critical and empirically founded studies of young...

  16. Development of novel analytical methods to study the metabolism of coumarin

    OpenAIRE

    Deasy, Brian

    1996-01-01

    The research in this thesis revolves around developing analytical methods for the determination of coumann and 7-hydroxycoumann for various applications. The techniques used in this work were, capillary electrophoresis, immunosensing and electrochemistry. Chapter 1 serves as general review of the analysis of coumann and 7-hydroxycoumann, including the many different types of analytical technique which have been used to analyse this drug. Capillary electrophoresis was used as the basis of a me...

  17. Visualization and Dynamics of Multidimensional Health-Related Quality-of-Life-Adjusted Overall Survival: A New Analytic Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei, Adin-Cristian; Grady, Kathleen L.

    2014-01-01

    VesT was a three-armed, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial designed to study the effects of 30mg or 60mg/day vesnarinone. Certain contradictory results involving patient health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and overall survival (OS) have made a definitive and unified conclusion difficult. To reconcile these findings, we have focused on the HRQOL-adjusted OS, commonly known as QALYs (quality-adjusted life years). Currently, analyses of QALYs incorporate a single HRQOL dimension or...

  18. Impact of social factors on health practices of the elderly: an analytical study in rural Surendranagar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashwat Nagar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Increased attention to health promotion and disease prevention are important for the appropriate care of the elderly. With the increasing life expectancy, a focus on preventive measures to decrease morbidity and improve quality of life in old age has also developed. To that end, health behavior and lifestyle have become important areas of concern over the last 20 years. Social factors lay a significant impact on the health practices. This study was therefore taken up to study the above factor and draw conclusions. Aims and objectives: 1. To study the various health practices of the elderly. 2. To find out association between the socio demographic features and the prevailing health practices. Methods: A Cross sectional analytical study was carried out. All the subjects were interviewed personally to know the details and were treated with due respect after a consent. Out of all the talukas in rural Surendranagar, Sayla was selected randomly after which Sayla village was selected in a similar manner from all the villages in the talukas. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 68±7.5. Majority of the subjects were unemployed and illiterate (58%. Social factors like Social class, staying with children and staying in joint family were significantly associated with good health practices. Conclusions: The Health practices of the elderly can be improved upon by large scale health education programmes which can be targeted on the age group. Patient compliance improvement can be achieved by explaining them about the disease and treatment protocol in detail at the time of their health visit. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(2.000: 116-122

  19. Malignant mesothelioma not related to asbestos exposure: Analytical scanning electron microscopic analysis of 83 cases and comparison with 442 asbestos-related cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraynie, Alyssa; de Ridder, Gustaaf G; Sporn, Thomas A; Pavlisko, Elizabeth N; Roggli, Victor L

    2016-01-01

    Epidemiological studies indicate that 80-90% of mesotheliomas are asbestos related. This suggests that 10-20% are not. Lung fiber burden analysis provides objective information about past exposures to asbestos. We have performed lung fiber burden analysis on a large cohort of mesothelioma cases and compared the findings with a reference population. Herein we report our findings along with demographic and exposure data. PMID:27070945

  20. A Meta-Analytic Review of Studies of the Effectiveness of Small-Group Learning Methods on Statistics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalaian, Sema A.; Kasim, Rafa M.

    2014-01-01

    This meta-analytic study focused on the quantitative integration and synthesis of the accumulated pedagogical research in undergraduate statistics education literature. These accumulated research studies compared the academic achievement of students who had been instructed using one of the various forms of small-group learning methods to those who…

  1. Studying the complexity of change: toward an analytical framework for understanding deliberate social-ecological transformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele-Lee Moore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Faced with numerous seemingly intractable social and environmental challenges, many scholars and practitioners are increasingly interested in understanding how to actively engage and transform the existing systems holding such problems in place. Although a variety of analytical models have emerged in recent years, most emphasize either the social or ecological elements of such transformations rather than their coupled nature. To address this, first we have presented a definition of the core elements of a social-ecological system (SES that could potentially be altered in a transformation. Second, we drew on insights about transformation from three branches of literature focused on radical change, i.e., social movements, socio-technical transitions, and social innovation, and gave consideration to the similarities and differences with the current studies by resilience scholars. Drawing on these findings, we have proposed a framework that outlines the process and phases of transformative change in an SES. Future research will be able to utilize the framework as a tool for analyzing the alteration of social-ecological feedbacks, identifying critical barriers and leverage points and assessing the outcome of social-ecological transformations.

  2. Experimental and analytical studies on fixed mask assembly for APS with enhanced cooling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fixed mask assembly is the first component which interacts with the photon beam emanating from Advanced Photon Source (APS) insertion devices. Two sets of masks, one horizontal and another vertical pair, contain the beam, limiting its excursion from its present center line. Conventional construction of these masks, such as those used in NSLS X-17 beam line, has been two water cooled heavy copper channels configured in a open-quote vclose quotes arrangement and set at grazing angles to the beam. A comparative investigation of the conventionally achievable heat transfer coefficient open-quote hclose quotes with water and the wall conductance of the copper structure reveals that major resistance is on the coolant side. Therefore, there exists a significant opportunity to improve heat transfer in the masks by enhancement of the coolant side. To this end a variety of enhanced copper tubes were subjected to laboratory tests with water and conventional heating to assess the resulting heat transfer improvement. This was followed by an analytical study of the candidate mask design for APS using the heat transfer data from the laboratory tests but subject to APS beam heating. Design improvements using enhanced cooling are discussed in terms of structural weight, controls, grazing angles, the operational reliability, and safety

  3. Reflection high resolution analytical electron microscopy: a technique for studying crystal surfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reflection electron microscopy (REM), reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), reflection electron energy-loss spectroscopy (REELS), and energy dispersion x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) have been comprehensively used as a technique, termed reflection high resolution analytical electron microscopy (RHRAEM), for studying the structures of the bulk crystal GaAs (110) surfaces by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The simultaneous observations of surface topography imaging, the surface diffraction mechanism with RHEED, surface atomic inner-shell excitations with REELS, and surface chemical compositions with EDX provide a systematic description of the atomic structure and chemical structure of the surface. The surface channelling effect has been observed in GaAs (110) with REELS, which may provide a basis for localizing surface foreign atoms with ALCHEMI. The theoretically predicted surface-resonance wave has been observed directly in the RHEED pattern; the surface-captured Bragg reflection wave have been identified. It is shown that surface chemical compositions can be determined by analyzing the EDX spectra obtained in the REM case. Finally, the surface monolayer resonance characteristic of the RHRAEM has been confirmed by calculations with dynamical RHEED theory

  4. Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical framework and Case Study for Switchgrass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Jeff A. {Cyber Sciences} [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL; Kang, Shujiang [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary global assessments of the deployment potential and sustainability aspects of biofuel crops lack quantitative details. This paper describes an analytical framework capable of meeting the challenges associated with global scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed a modeling platform for bioenergy crops, consisting of five major components: (i) standardized global natural resources and management data sets, (ii) global simulation unit and management scenarios, (iii) model calibration and validation, (iv) high-performance computing (HPC) modeling, and (v) simulation output processing and analysis. A case study with the HPC- Environmental Policy Integrated Climate model (HPC-EPIC) to simulate a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and global biomass feedstock analysis on grassland demonstrates the application of this platform. The results illustrate biomass feedstock variability of switchgrass and provide insights on how the modeling platform can be expanded to better assess sustainable production criteria and other biomass crops. Feedstock potentials on global grasslands and within different countries are also shown. Future efforts involve developing databases of productivity, implementing global simulations for other bioenergy crops (e.g. miscanthus, energycane and agave), and assessing environmental impacts under various management regimes. We anticipated this platform will provide an exemplary tool and assessment data for international communities to conduct global analysis of biofuel biomass feedstocks and sustainability.

  5. Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical Framework and Case Study for Switchgrass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Dr Jeff A [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    A global energy crop productivity model that provides geospatially explicit quantitative details on biomass potential and factors affecting sustainability would be useful, but does not exist now. This study describes a modeling platform capable of meeting many challenges associated with global-scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed an analytical framework for bioenergy crops consisting of six major components: (i) standardized natural resources datasets, (ii) global field-trial data and crop management practices, (iii) simulation units and management scenarios, (iv) model calibration and validation, (v) high-performance computing (HPC) simulation, and (vi) simulation output processing and analysis. The HPC-Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (HPC-EPIC) model simulated a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), estimating feedstock production potentials and effects across the globe. This modeling platform can assess soil C sequestration, net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, nonpoint source pollution (e.g., nutrient and pesticide loss), and energy exchange with the atmosphere. It can be expanded to include additional bioenergy crops (e.g., miscanthus, energy cane, and agave) and food crops under different management scenarios. The platform and switchgrass field-trial dataset are available to support global analysis of biomass feedstock production potential and corresponding metrics of sustainability.

  6. An analytic modeling and system identification study of rotor/fuselage dynamics at hover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Steven W.; Curtiss, H. C., Jr.

    1993-01-01

    A combination of analytic modeling and system identification methods have been used to develop an improved dynamic model describing the response of articulated rotor helicopters to control inputs. A high-order linearized model of coupled rotor/body dynamics including flap and lag degrees of freedom and inflow dynamics with literal coefficients is compared to flight test data from single rotor helicopters in the near hover trim condition. The identification problem was formulated using the maximum likelihood function in the time domain. The dynamic model with literal coefficients was used to generate the model states, and the model was parametrized in terms of physical constants of the aircraft rather than the stability derivatives, resulting in a significant reduction in the number of quantities to be identified. The likelihood function was optimized using the genetic algorithm approach. This method proved highly effective in producing an estimated model from flight test data which included coupled fuselage/rotor dynamics. Using this approach it has been shown that blade flexibility is a significant contributing factor to the discrepancies between theory and experiment shown in previous studies. Addition of flexible modes, properly incorporating the constraint due to the lag dampers, results in excellent agreement between flight test and theory, especially in the high frequency range.

  7. Analytical and numerical study of dirty bosons in a quasi-one-dimensional harmonic trap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khellil, Tama; Balaž, Antun; Pelster, Axel

    2016-06-01

    The emergence of a Bose-glass region in a quasi one-dimensional Bose–Einstein-condensed gas in a harmonic trapping potential with an additional delta-correlated disorder potential at zero temperature is studied using three approaches. At first, the corresponding time-independent Gross–Pitaevskii equation is numerically solved for the condensate wave function, and disorder ensemble averages are evaluated. In particular, we analyse quantitatively the emergence of mini-condensates in the local minima of the random potential, which occurs for weak disorder preferentially at the border of the condensate, while for intermediate disorder strength this happens in the trap centre. Second, in view of a more detailed physical understanding of this phenomenon, we extend a quite recent non-perturbative approach towards the weakly interacting dirty boson problem, which relies on the Hartree–Fock theory and is worked out on the basis of the replica method, from the homogeneous case to a harmonic confinement. Finally, in the weak disorder regime we also apply the Thomas–Fermi approximation, while in the intermediate disorder regime we additionally use a variational ansatz in order to describe analytically the numerically observed redistribution of the fragmented mini-condensates with increasing disorder strength.

  8. Analytical and numerical study of the Schwinger-Dyson equation with four-fermion coupling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dressed ladder Schwinger-Dyson equation for the fermion self-energy Σ(p2) with an additional four-fermion coupling term is studied both analytically and numerically. We limit our analysis to asymptotically free theories with a large hierarchy between the confinement scale Λc and the ultraviolet cutoff Λ. The dependence of the dynamical mass Σ0 identical Σ(0) and the fermion condensate left-angle ΨΨ right-angle on the four-fermion coupling strength λ is derived. It is found that there exists a critical four-fermion coupling strength λ2, such that in the region λ2 the dynamical mass Σ0 is of the order of the confinement scale Λc, while in the region λ>λ2 the dynamical mass Σ0 is of the order of the cutoff Λ. In the region λ2, the condensate left-angle ΨΨ right-angle picks up an enhancement factor λ2/(λ2-λ), and in the limit λ→λ2, reaches the order of Λ2Λc. In the region λ>λ2, the condensate left-angle ΨΨ right-angle is of the order of Λ3. The application of the equation to technicolor theories is also discussed

  9. Vibration Based Crack Detection in a Rotating Disk. Part 1; An Analytical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyekenyesi, Andrew L.; Sawicki, Jerzy T.; Baaklini, George Y.

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the analytical results concerning the detection of a crack in a rotating disk. The concept of the approach is based on the fact that the development of a disk crack results in a distorted strain field within the component. As a result, a minute deformation in the disk's geometry as well as a change in the system s center of mass occurs. Finite element analyses were conducted concerning a notched disk in order to define the sensitivity of the method. The notch was used to simulate an actual crack and will be the method utilized for upcoming experiments. Various notch sizes were studied. The geometric deformations and shifts of center of mass were documented as a function of rotational speed. In addition, a rotordynamic analysis of a 2-bearing, disk and shaft system was conducted. The overall response of the system was required in order to design the experimental system for operation beyond the first critical. The results of the FE analyses of the disk indicated that the overall changes in the disk s geometry and center of mass were rather small. The difference between the maximum centrifugal radial displacements between the undamaged and damaged disks at 8000 RPM was 0.00014 in. for a 0.963 in. notch length. The shift in center of mass was also of this magnitude. The next step involves running experiments to verify the analysis.

  10. Analytical and experimental studies on the strain rate effects in penetration of 10wt % ballistic gelatin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work concentrates on modeling the super-elastic behavior of 10wt% ballistic gelatin at 4°C and the mechanical responses at quasi-static and high-speed penetrations. Uniaxial compression and simple shearing experiments were carried out to determine the moduli in Mooney-Rivlin model describing the elastic behavior of gelatin at low strain rates. The failure mode is determined to be elastic fracture as the tensile stretch ratio exceeds a critical value. For high compression strain rates, the available results from the split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) experiments for 10wt% gelatin were carefully examined and assessed. Linear relationship between the moduli and the strain rate is established. Based on these material parameters, an analytic solution of stress for the quasi-static and quasi-dynamic expansion of spherical cavity in gelatin is derived. As a consequence, the work needed to open unit volume of cavity, Ps, which is the key parameter in studying penetration problems, is linearly increasing with the characteristic strain rate. The application of Ps to our quasi-static and high-speed penetration experiments is discussed and assessed

  11. Analytical and experimental studies of heat pipe radiation cooling of hypersonic propulsion systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, R. A.; Merrigan, M. A.; Elder, M. G.; Sena, J. T.; Keddy, E. S.; Silverstein, C. C.

    1992-01-01

    Analytical and experimental studies were completed to assess the feasibility of using high-temperature heat pipes to cool hypersonic engine components. This new approach involves using heat pipes to transport heat away from the combustor, nozzle, or inlet regions, and to reject it to the environment by thermal radiation from an external heat pipe nacelle. For propulsion systems using heat pipe radiation cooling (HPRC), it is possible to continue to use hydrocarbon fuels into the Mach 4 to Mach 6 speed range, thereby enhancing the economic attractiveness of commercial or military hypersonic flight. In the second-phase feasibility program recently completed, it is found that heat loads produced by considering both convection and radiation heat transfer from the combustion gas can be handled with HPRC design modifications. The application of thermal insulation to ramburner and nozzle walls was also found to reduce the heat load by about one-half and to reduce peak HPRC system temperatures to below 2700 F. In addition, the operation of HPRC at cruise conditions of around Mach 4.5 and at an altitude of 90,000 ft lowers the peak hot-section temperatures to around 2800 F. An HPRC heat pipe was successfully fabricated and tested at Mach 5 conditions of heat flux, heat load, and temperature.

  12. Review of preparative and analytical procedures for the study of proteins in grape juice and wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Bourse, D; Jégou, S; Conreux, A; Villaume, S; Jeandet, P

    2010-05-14

    Proteins have a great influence on wine quality as they exhibit a various range of properties. In fact, they are involved among others in white wine turbidity, organoleptic characteristics and foam formation in sparkling wines. These compounds could also be of major interest for varietal differentiation, regarding wine authentication and traceability issues. To provide a better understanding of the role played by these biomolecules in wine processing and explore their potential applications, there is a manifest need for the quantification and characterization of each individual one in terms of sequence, structure and intrinsic and functional properties. We thus present an overview of preparative and analytical methods for the study of proteins in grape juices and wines, from routine techniques to dedicated methodologies. They include sample preparation with chromatographic methods for the purification and identification of proteins, quantification protocols and characterization procedures such as electrophoretic techniques, immunological methods, sequencing, mass spectrometry, physico-chemical and structural analyses, and so on. We expose advantages and limits of each technique and focus on the different but complementary information they can provide. Despite the past years advances in the field proteins identification, the elucidation of the full protein profile for grape juices and wines remains strenuous. Their interactions with other wine compounds make the challenge even harder. We therefore emphasize the requirement of the techniques to be refined and suggest the developments to be expected. PMID:20441863

  13. Analytical study of heat transfer from circular cylinder in liquid metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, W. A.; Culham, J. R.; Yovanovich, M. M.

    2006-09-01

    In this study the influence of a thin hydrodynamic boundary layer on the heat transfer from a single circular cylinder in liquid metals having low Prandtl number (0.004 0.03) is investigated under isothermal and isoflux boundary conditions. Two separate analytical heat transfer models, viscous and inviscid, are developed to clarify the discrepancy between previous results. For both models, integral approach of the boundary layer analysis is employed to derive closed form expressions for the calculation of the average heat transfer coefficients. For an inviscid model, the energy equation is solved using potential flow velocity only whereas for a viscous model, a fourth-order velocity profile is used in the hydrodynamic boundary layer and potential flow velocity is used outside the boundary layer. The third-order temperature profile is used inside the thermal boundary layer for both models. It is shown that the inviscid model gives higher heat transfer coefficients whereas viscous flow model gives heat transfer results in a fairly good agreement with the previous experimental/numerical results.

  14. Analytical study of heat transfer from circular cylinder in liquid metals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, W.A.; Culham, J.R.; Yovanovich, M.M. [University of Waterloo, Microelectronics Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Waterloo, ON (Canada)

    2006-09-15

    In this study the influence of a thin hydrodynamic boundary layer on the heat transfer from a single circular cylinder in liquid metals having low Prandtl number (0.004-0.03) is investigated under isothermal and isoflux boundary conditions. Two separate analytical heat transfer models, viscous and inviscid, are developed to clarify the discrepancy between previous results. For both models, integral approach of the boundary layer analysis is employed to derive closed form expressions for the calculation of the average heat transfer coefficients. For an inviscid model, the energy equation is solved using potential flow velocity only whereas for a viscous model, a fourth-order velocity profile is used in the hydrodynamic boundary layer and potential flow velocity is used outside the boundary layer. The third-order temperature profile is used inside the thermal boundary layer for both models. It is shown that the inviscid model gives higher heat transfer coefficients whereas viscous flow model gives heat transfer results in a fairly good agreement with the previous experimental/numerical results. (orig.)

  15. A study on evaluation and analytical methods for groundwater flow with considering sea/fresh-water boundary. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sea/fresh-water boundary caused by density and concentration balance of sea-water and fresh-water is an important item for groundwater flow evaluation in deep underground near the coast. Also, in order to evaluate groundwater quality, it is important to understand the characteristics of sea/fresh-water boundary, for example boundary shape, salt distribution. In order to establish the evaluation and analytical methods for groundwater flow with considering sea/fresh-water boundary, we investigated the following items in this study. (1) Literature survey and data collection. (2) Investigation of analytical methods. (3) Planning of further study. (author). 78 refs

  16. A study on evaluation and analytical methods for groundwater flow with considering sea/fresh-water boundary. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anezaki, S. [Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-03-01

    Sea/fresh-water boundary caused by density and concentration balance of sea-water and fresh-water is an important item for groundwater flow evaluation in deep underground near the coast. Also, in order to evaluate groundwater quality, it is important to understand the characteristics of sea/fresh-water boundary, for example boundary shape, salt distribution. In order to establish the evaluation and analytical methods for groundwater flow with considering sea/fresh-water boundary, we investigated the following items in this study. (1) Literature survey and data collection. (2) Investigation of analytical methods. (3) Planning of further study. (author). 78 refs.

  17. HOW DO THEY BEHAVE ON THE WEB? AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF MINING THE WEB FOR ANALYTICAL CUSTOMER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Ertz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Web Mining (WM remains a relatively unknown technology. However, if used appropriately, it can be of great value to the identification of existing customers’ behaviours online. The recent technical advances in the field of WM enhance tremendously the analytical Customer Relationship Management (aCRM, still usually related to a simple transactional function. This study follows an exploratory approach to assess whether WM fulfills, alone, all three objectives of the second theme of Xu and Walton’s1 adapted aCRM framework for customer knowledge acquisition, namely the identification of existing web customers’ behaviour. It also investigates to what extent WM should be used in conjunction with traditional marketing research to optimize CRM, and hence marketing, in a web context. In-depth, semi-structured interviews reveal that WM is very well suited to understand existing web customers’ transactional web behaviour(s (i.e. navigation patterns; amount of purchases by week, month, and region; and cross-selling and up-selling opportunities. Nevertheless, WM does not do well in understanding less obvious, underlying dimensions of customer behaviour, including how existing customers develop satisfaction, loyalty, defection and attachment on the web. WM still needs to be complemented with traditional marketing research in order to reach these more difficult but essential aCRM objectives.

  18. A multi-analytical approach to gold in Ancient Egypt: Studies on provenance and corrosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tissot, I., E-mail: isabeltissot@gmail.com [LIBPhys – UNL, Faculty of Science and Technology, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Campo Grande, 1649-004 Lisbon (Portugal); Troalen, L.G. [National Museums Scotland, Collections Services Department, 242 West Granton Road, Edinburgh EH5 1JA (United Kingdom); Manso, M. [LIBPhys – UNL, Faculty of Science and Technology, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Faculdade de Belas-Artes da Universidade de Lisboa, Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas-Artes, 1249-058 Lisbon (Portugal); Ponting, M. [Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool, 12-14 Abercromby Square, Liverpool L69 7WZ (United Kingdom); Radtke, M.; Reinholz, U. [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Richard-Willstaetter-Strasse 11, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Barreiros, M.A. [LNEG, I.P., Estrada do Paço do Lumiar, 22, 1649-038 Lisbon (Portugal); Shaw, I. [Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool, 12-14 Abercromby Square, Liverpool L69 7WZ (United Kingdom); Carvalho, M.L. [LIBPhys – UNL, Faculty of Science and Technology, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Guerra, M.F. [ArchAm, UMR 8096 CNRS - Université Paris Sorbonne, MAE, 21 allée de l' Université, 92023 Nanterre (France)

    2015-06-01

    Recent results from a three-year multi-disciplinary project on Ancient Egyptian gold jewellery revealed that items of jewellery from the Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom were manufactured using a variety of alluvial gold alloys. These alloys cover a wide range of colours and the majority contain Platinum Group Elements inclusions. However, in all the gold foils analysed, these inclusions were found to be absent. In this work a selection of gilded wood and leather items and gold foil fragments, all from the excavations by John Garstang at Abydos (primarily from Middle Kingdom graves), were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Disperse Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-Ray Fluorescence (μXRF), Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (µPIXE) and Double Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (D{sup 2}XRF). The work allowed us to characterise the composition of the base-alloys and also to reveal the presence of Pt at trace levels, confirming the use of alluvial gold deposits. Corrosion products were also investigated in the foils where surface tarnish was visually observed. Results showed that the differences in the colour of corrosion observed for the foils are related not only to the thickness of the corrosion layer but also to a multi-layer structure containing the various corrosion products. - Highlights: • Multi-analytical protocol based on techniques with different MDLs and spatial resolution • Application of D{sup 2}XRF developed at synchrotron BESSY II for determination of Pt in Au with a MDL of 1 ppm • Egyptian gold alloys have nanoporous corrosion layers where distinct corrosion phases could be identified. • Egyptian gold foils are made with different gold base alloys, but all containing alluvial gold.

  19. A multi-analytical approach to gold in Ancient Egypt: Studies on provenance and corrosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent results from a three-year multi-disciplinary project on Ancient Egyptian gold jewellery revealed that items of jewellery from the Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom were manufactured using a variety of alluvial gold alloys. These alloys cover a wide range of colours and the majority contain Platinum Group Elements inclusions. However, in all the gold foils analysed, these inclusions were found to be absent. In this work a selection of gilded wood and leather items and gold foil fragments, all from the excavations by John Garstang at Abydos (primarily from Middle Kingdom graves), were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Disperse Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-Ray Fluorescence (μXRF), Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (µPIXE) and Double Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (D2XRF). The work allowed us to characterise the composition of the base-alloys and also to reveal the presence of Pt at trace levels, confirming the use of alluvial gold deposits. Corrosion products were also investigated in the foils where surface tarnish was visually observed. Results showed that the differences in the colour of corrosion observed for the foils are related not only to the thickness of the corrosion layer but also to a multi-layer structure containing the various corrosion products. - Highlights: • Multi-analytical protocol based on techniques with different MDLs and spatial resolution • Application of D2XRF developed at synchrotron BESSY II for determination of Pt in Au with a MDL of 1 ppm • Egyptian gold alloys have nanoporous corrosion layers where distinct corrosion phases could be identified. • Egyptian gold foils are made with different gold base alloys, but all containing alluvial gold

  20. Analytical relation between confinement and chiral symmetry breaking in terms of Polyakov loop and Dirac eigenmodes in odd-number lattice QCD

    OpenAIRE

    Suganuma, Hideo; Doi, Takahiro M.; Iritani, Takumi

    2014-01-01

    In lattice QCD formalism, we derive an analytical gauge-invariant relation between the Polyakov loop $\\langle L_P \\rangle$ and the Dirac eigenvalues $\\lambda_n$ in QCD, i.e., $\\langle L_P \\rangle \\propto \\sum_n \\lambda_n^{N_t -1} \\langle n|\\hat U_4|n \\rangle$, by considering ${\\rm Tr} (\\hat{U}_4\\hat{\

  1. Quality of Public Hospitals Websites: A Cross-Sectional Analytical Study in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salarvand, Shahin; Samadbeik, Mahnaz; Tarrahi, Mohammad Javad; Salarvand, Hamed

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Nowadays, hospitals have turned increasingly towards the Internet and develop their own web presence. Hospital Websites could be operating as effective web resources of information and interactive communication mediums to enhance hospital services to the public. Aim: Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the quality of websites in Tehran’s public hospitals. Material and methods: This cross-sectional analysis involved all public hospitals in Iran’s capital city, Tehran, with a working website or subsites between April and June, 2014 (N=59). The websites were evaluated using three validated instruments: a localized checklist, Google page rank, and the Alexa traffic ranking. The mentioned checklist consisted of 112 items divided into five sections: technical characteristics, hospital information and facilities, medical services, interactive on-line services and external activities. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: The mean website evaluation score was 45.7 out of 224 for selected public hospitals. All the studied websites were in the weak category based on the earned quality scores. There was no statistically significant association between the website evaluation score with Google page rank (P=0.092), Alexa global traffic rank and Alexa traffic rank in Iran (P>0.05). The hospital websites had a lower quality score in the interactive online services and external activities criteria in comparing to other criteria. Due to the low quality level of the studied websites and the importance of hospital portals in providing information and services on the Internet, the authorities should do precise planning for the appreciable improvement in the quality of hospital websites. PMID:27147806

  2. Influence of genotyping error in linkage mapping for complex traits – an analytic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Houwelingen Hans C

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the current trend towards large epidemiological studies of unrelated individuals, linkage studies in families are still thoroughly being utilized as tools for disease gene mapping. The use of the single-nucleotide-polymorphisms (SNP array technology in genotyping of family data has the potential to provide more informative linkage data. Nevertheless, SNP array data are not immune to genotyping error which, as has been suggested in the past, could dramatically affect the evidence for linkage especially in selective designs such as affected sib pair (ASP designs. The influence of genotyping error on selective designs for continuous traits has not been assessed yet. Results We use the identity-by-descent (IBD regression-based paradigm for linkage testing to analytically quantify the effect of simple genotyping error models under specific selection schemes for sibling pairs. We show, for example, that in extremely concordant (EC designs, genotyping error leads to decreased power whereas it leads to increased type I error in extremely discordant (ED designs. Perhaps surprisingly, the effect of genotyping error on inference is most severe in designs where selection is least extreme. We suggest a genomic control for genotyping errors via a simple modification of the intercept in the regression for linkage. Conclusion This study extends earlier findings: genotyping error can substantially affect type I error and power in selective designs for continuous traits. Designs involving both EC and ED sib pairs are fairly immune to genotyping error. When those designs are not feasible the simple genomic control strategy that we suggest offers the potential to deliver more robust inference, especially if genotyping is carried out by SNP array technology.

  3. Analytical issues of serum free light chain assays and the relative performance of polyclonal and monoclonal based reagents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr-Smith, Hugh D; Jenner, Ellen L; Evans, Josie A R; Harding, Stephen J

    2016-06-01

    Serum free light chain (FLC) assays have been incorporated into routine clinical practice and their use is recommended in international guidelines for the management of monoclonal gammopathies. Given that FLCs are not simple analytes, laboratories should be aware of potential analytical issues when using FLC assays, including antigen excess, lot-to-lot variation and non-linearity. Whilst manufacturers of monoclonal antibody-based assays claim that they overcome such issues, the evidence available to date does not support this. Here we review and compare the technical performance of both polyclonal and monoclonal antibody-based assays. The evidence suggests that the Freelite assay, based on polyclonal antisera, gives a broader recognition of monoclonal FLCs than the N Latex assay, based on monoclonal antisera, and despite being cited as a technical concern, we show that lot-to-lot variation of the Freelite assay is good. Both non-linearity and antigen excess are characteristic of FLC analysis and laboratories should be aware of these phenomena regardless of the assay system they use. Comparisons of the absolute values of sFLCs determined using monoclonal and polyclonal antibody-based assays show poor quantitative agreement and, because current guidelines have been established using the polyclonal antibody-based Freelite assay, it should not be assumed that assays utilizing monoclonal antibodies will give compliance with these guidelines. PMID:26943608

  4. Micro-homogeneity of candidate reference materials: Results from an intercomparison study for the Analytical Quality Control Services (AQCS) of the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Analytical Quality Control Services (AQCS) has made available two single cell algae materials IAEA-392 and IAEA-393 as well as an urban dust IAEA-396 to study their use for analytical sample sizes in the milligram range and below. Micro-analytical techniques such as PIXE and μ-PIXE, solid sampling AAS, scanning electron microprobe X-ray analysis and INAA were applied to the determination of trace elements on the basis of μg to mg amounts of the selected materials. The comparability of the mean values as well as the reproducibility of successive measurements is being evaluated in order to compare relative homogeneity factors for many elements in the investigated materials. From the reported results it seems that the algae materials IAEA-392 and IAEA-393 are extremely homogeneous biological materials for a number of elements with an extraordinary sharp particle size distribution below 10 μm. A similar situation seems to hold for the urban dust material IAEA-396 which had been air-jet milled to a particle size distribution around 4 μm. The introduction of these materials as CRMs with very small amounts needed to determine the certified concentrations will help to meet the needs of micro-analytical techniques for natural matrix reference materials. (author)

  5. Integrating solar PV (photovoltaics) in utility system operations: Analytical framework and Arizona case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A systematic framework is proposed to estimate the impact on operating costs due to uncertainty and variability in renewable resources. The framework quantifies the integration costs associated with sub-hourly variability and uncertainty as well as day-ahead forecasting errors in solar PV (photovoltaics) power. A case study illustrates how changes in system operations may affect these costs for a utility in the southwestern United States (Arizona Public Service Company). We conduct an extensive sensitivity analysis under different assumptions about balancing reserves, system flexibility, fuel prices, and forecasting errors. We find that high solar PV penetrations may lead to operational challenges, particularly during low-load and high solar periods. Increased system flexibility is essential for minimizing integration costs and maintaining reliability. In a set of sensitivity cases where such flexibility is provided, in part, by flexible operations of nuclear power plants, the estimated integration costs vary between $1.0 and $4.4/MWh-PV for a PV penetration level of 17%. The integration costs are primarily due to higher needs for hour-ahead balancing reserves to address the increased sub-hourly variability and uncertainty in the PV resource. - Highlights: • We propose an analytical framework to estimate grid integration costs for solar PV. • Increased operating costs from variability and uncertainty in solar PV are computed. • A case study of a utility in Arizona is conducted. • Grid integration costs are found in the $1.0–4.4/MWh range for a 17% PV penetration. • Increased system flexibility is essential for minimizing grid integration costs

  6. A Qualitative Study of Coping Strategies in Secondary Level Mathematics Learning: A Psycho-Analytic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Khiat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Through a qualitative research approach, this study aims to understand how thirteen secondary mathematics students who do not do well in mathematics learning cope with it in a classroom. The participants included a total of thirteen students in a Singaporean mathematics classroom at secondary school level. Observational and interview data were collected over a period of 6 weeks to understand the strategies formulated by these students to cope with mathematics learning. Gounded theory analytical methods were used in the analysis of the data. From this study, three main categories of defence mechanisms utilised by these thirteen students evolved – Avoidance, Denial and Apathy. “Avoidance”, the stage where the students attempt to avoid mathematics learning, is supported by the defence mechanisms of “Aim Inhibition”, “Compensation” and “Displacement”. They usually begin such avoidance on an individual basis and may graduate to group actions in the form of “Collaborative Avoidance”, which is supported by the defence mechanisms of “Displacement” and “Identification”. Students may also use the coping mechanism of “Denial” where they imagine and maintain the picture of them doing well in future mathematics assessments. This defence mechanism is complemented by “Suppression”, “Repression”, “Fantasy” and “Deceit”. “Apathy” the stage where they start to resist against mathematics learning openly, consists of “Minimisation”, “Rationalisation”, “Provocation” and “Dramatization The findings have implications for the development of theory, practice and future research

  7. A quasi-analytical ice-sheet model for climate studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Oerlemans

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A simple quasi-analytical model is developed to study the response of ice-sheets to climate change. The model is axisymmetrical and rests on a bed with a constant slope. The mechanics are highly parameterised. The climatic conditions are represented by the altitude of the runoff line. Above the runoff line the accumulation rate is constant (but may depend on, for instance, the ice-sheet size, below the runoff line the balance gradient is constant. The ice-sheet may extend into the sea and can respond to changes in sea level. At the grounding line the ice velocity is assumed to be proportional to the water depth. For this set-up an explicit expression for the total mass budget of the ice-sheet is derived. To illustrate the properties and possibilities of the model, equilibrium states are analysed and the response to periodic forcing is studied as well. The coupling of mass balance and surface elevation of the ice-sheet leads to nonlinear behaviour and branching of the equilibrium solutions. The qualitative behaviour of the system is that of the cusp catastrophe. Nonlinear effects are more pronounced when the slope of the bed is smaller. A case is discussed in which two ice-sheets are coupled by making the altitude of the runoff line dependent on the total area of the two ice-sheets. On two continents, having a slightly different glaciation threshold, periodic forcing of the altitude of the runoff line is imposed. It is shown that in such a situation variations on a long time scale (two to three times the period of the forcing are introduced. Finally the model is forced by the GISP d18O record for the last 120 000 years. For an appropriate choice of parameters the model simulates well the waxing and waning of the Laurentide, Fennoscandian and Barentsz ice-sheets.

  8. Transnational relations between perceived parental acceptance and personality dispositions of children and adults: a meta-analytic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaleque, Abdul; Rohner, Ronald P

    2012-05-01

    Three questions drawn from parental acceptance-rejection theory were addressed: (a) Are children's perceptions of parental acceptance transnationally associated with specific personality dispositions? (b) Are adults' remembrances of parental acceptance in childhood transnationally associated with these personality dispositions? and (c) Do relations between parental acceptance and offspring's personality dispositions vary by gender of parents? All studies used the child and adult versions of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaires (PARQ) for Mothers and for Fathers, as well as the child and adult versions of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ). Results showed that both maternal and paternal acceptance in childhood correlated significantly in all countries with all seven personality dispositions of adult offspring. Adults' remembrance of paternal acceptance in childhood correlated significantly with all adult personality dispositions except dependence. PMID:21885856

  9. Study of emission episodes of urban aerosol by ion beam analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. Aerosol pollution has impact on the climate and on human health. Thus investigation of atmospheric aerosol is important in urban environment such as Debrecen. One of the main goals of our study was to define the sources of the particles. The hourly evolution of atmospheric aerosol concentration was used to identify sources of fine (aerodynamic diameter < 2,5 μm) and coarse (10 μm ≥ aerodynamic diameter ≥ 2.5 μm) urban particulate matter in Debrecen. In both size fractions sources were found which were characterized by high heavy metal content. In this study we provide accurate information of the sources of coarse mode heavy metals by using nuclear and scanning electron microscopy. Single particle analysis of chosen samples was carried out on the ATOMKI Scanning Nuclear Microprobe Facility. Elemental composition for Z ≥ 6, morphology and size of around 500 coarse mode particles were determined by Scanning Transmission Ion Microscopy, light-element PIXE and PIXE analytical methods. Furthermore Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate particles morphology. The main components of the particles were Na, K, Ca, S, P and Fe with traces of Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, Co, Pb. S-rich particles were enriched in one or more of the following elements: Na, Ca, K, Fe, Zn. Trace metals (Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr) occurred together Fe supposedly originated from industrial emission or traffic. P appeared in the Ca-rich particles. Particles with high concentration of Ni were rich in V, Fe and S. Thus this source was identified as residual combustion. V-rich particles occurred together with Fe, Mn and Cr. Their possible source was industry. Pb was attached to Ca, Fe, S containing particles. As result of the SEM study the following particle types (Figure 1.) were identified: semitransparent material (S-K-rich, S-Zn-rich, PCa-rich), spherical (FeO, Fe-Ni-Cr-V-rich), cubic (KCl, CaCl) and crystalline (S-Ca-rich). The main sources of

  10. Study on the Explicit Formula of the Triangular Flat Shell Element Based on the Analytical Trial Functions for Anisotropy Material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang-Rong Fu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel way to formulate the triangular flat shell element. The basic analytical solutions of membrane and bending plate problem for anisotropy material are studied separately. Combining with the conforming displacement along the sides and hybrid element strategy, the triangular flat shell elements based on the analytical trial functions (ATF for anisotropy material are formulated. By using the explicit integral formulae of the triangular element, the matrices used in proposed shell element are calculated efficiently. The benchmark examples showed the high accuracy and high efficiency.

  11. Cognitive-analytical therapy for a patient with functional neurological symptom disorder-conversion disorder (psychogenic myopia: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Nasiri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Functional neurological symptom disorder commonly presents with symptoms and defects of sensory and motor functions. Therefore, it is often mistaken for a medical condition. It is well known that functional neurological symptom disorder more often caused by psychological factors. There are three main approaches namely analytical, cognitive and biological to manage conversion disorder. Any of such approaches can be applied through short-term treatment programs. In this case, study a 12-year-old boy with the diagnosed functional neurological symptom disorder (psychogenic myopia was put under a cognitive-analytical treatment. The outcome of this treatment modality was proved successful.

  12. Blended Learning Analytics Model for Evaluation (BLAME). Et case-studie af universitetsunderviseres brug af Blackboard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Musaeus, Peter; Bennedsen, Andreas Brændstrup; Hansen, Janne Saltoft;

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel vil vi præsentere en strategi til inddragelse af læringsanalytik (learning analytics) ved evaluering af universitetsunderviseres brug af et nyt LMS på Aarhus Universitet: Blackboard. Vi diskuterer en model (BLAME: Blended Learning Analytics Model of Evaluation) for, hvordan...... kategorisering af kurser og data om læringsanalytik indsamlet på Blackboard kan integreres. Endvidere belyser vi, hvilke implikationer en sådan læringsanalytik kan have for blended learning ved at analysere to forskellige uddannelses-cases/illustrationer. Dernæst diskuterer vi pædagogisk udvikling i forbindelse...

  13. TMI-2 criticality studies: lower-vessel rubble and analytical benchmarking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A bounding strategy has been adopted for assuring subcriticality during all TMI-2 defueling operations. The strategy is based upon establishing a safe soluble boron level for the entire reactor core in an optimum reactivity configuration. This paper presents the determination of a fuel rubble model which yields a maximum infinite lattice multiplication factor and the subsequent application of cell-averaged constants in finite system analyses. Included in the analyses are the effects of fuel burnup determined from a simplified power history of the reactor. A discussion of the analytical methods employed and the determination of an analytical bias with benchmark crictical experiments completes the presentation. 17 tabs

  14. Study of Cl containing urban aerosol particles by ion beam analytical methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. In the densely populated areas of Europe one of the most important environmental problems is aerosol pollution. Thus one of the main goals of atmospheric research is to determine aerosol sources. In order to identify the origin of the particles, the knowledge of the chemical composition and size distribution is demanded. As a result of a source apportionment study, several sources of fine (particles with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 μm) and coarse (10 μm ≥ aerodynamic diameter ≥ 2.5 μm) urban particulate matter were identified in Debrecen, using the hourly evolution of the elemental components. Sources characterized by high chlorine content were found in both size fractions, which gave significant contribution to the aerosol concentration in Debrecen. However, the origin of these particles could not be identified on the available information. In this work we give a more accurate characterization of the sources of coarse-mode Cl by using single particle analysis. Aerosol samples with 2-3 hours time resolution were collected in the frame of sampling campaigns in the garden of ATOMKI between October 2007 and January 2009. The elemental composition (for Z ≥ 13) was determined by Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE). Single particle analysis of chosen samples was done on the ATOMKI Scanning Nuclear Microprobe Facility. Morphology, size and elemental composition for Z ≥ 6 of around 1000 coarse mode particles were determined by Scanning Transmission Ion Microscopy, light element PIXE and PIXE analytical methods. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on the data set to group the particles. In order to determine the possible sources of Cl in the coarse mode, the correlation between Cl and other elements, which could be used as tracers of different sources, was examined. Cl showed very strong correlation with Na. However the Cl:Na ratio was found to be different for different episodes indicating different origin of these

  15. A study of epilepsy-related psychosis

    OpenAIRE

    Roy A; Rajesh S; Iby N; Jose J; Sarma G

    2003-01-01

    The association of epilepsy and psychosis is studied. Among the 500 patients of epilepsy evaluated, there were 12 patients, 8 males and 4 females with epilepsy-related psychosis. Their average age was 38 years. The interval between the age of onset of epilepsy and psychotic features was 9 years. Complex partial seizures were present in 7 patients and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizure was present in 1 patient. Four patients had post-ictal psychosis, 7 had acute interictal psychosis and ...

  16. Analytics study on the problem of two holes having arbitrary shapes and arrangements in plane elastostatics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Luqing

    2001-01-01

    [1]Pan Jiazheng, Stress analysis for two neighbor hydraulic tunnels, Underground Engineering (in Chinese), 1979, (2): 2.[2]Liu Xinyu, Hou Xueyuan, Stress analysis for parallel circular tunnels, Journal of Tongji University (in Chinese), 1985, (3): 15[3]Salerno, V. L., Mahoney, J. B., Stress solution for an infinite plate containing two arbitrary circular holes under equal bi-axial stresses, Journal of Engineering for Industry, Transactions of ASME, 1968, 35: 656.[4]Ukadgaonker, V. G., Stress analysis of a plate containing two circular holes having tangential stresses, AIAA Journal, 1980, 18: 125[5]Kim, T. J., Ukadgaonker, V. G., Plane stress analysis of two rigid circular inclusions, AIAA Journal, 1971, 9: 2294.[6]Ukadgaonker, V. G., Interaction effect of two arbitrarily oriented cracks, part I, International Journal of Fracture, 1991, 51: 219[7]Zhang Luqing, Lü Aizhong, Study of alternating method for stress analysis on surrounding rock of two circular holes, Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering (in Chinese), 1998, 17(5): 534.[8]Yu, I. W., Sendeckyj G. P., Multiple circular inclusion problems in plane elastostatics, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions of ASME, 1974, 41: 215[9]Mikhlin, S. G., Method of successive approximation in solutions to biharmonic equations, Trudy, Seisomological, USSR, 1934, 39.[10]Soboleff, S., Schwarz algorithm in the theory of elasticity, Reports from Academy of Science, USSR, 1936, IV.[11]Chen Ziyin, Analytic Method of Mechanical Analysis for the Surrounding Rock (in Chinese), Beijing: Coal Industry Pub-lishing House, 1994, 70-76.[12]Lü Aizhong, Jiang Binsong, Reverse Problems in Rock Mechanics (in Chinese), Beijing: Coal Industry Publishing House, 1998, 164—171.

  17. Perforation of aluminium foam core sandwich panels under impact loading: A numerical and analytical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elnasri Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the numerical results of the inversed perforation test instrumented with Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar SHPB with an instrumented pressure bar on the AlSi7Mg0.5 aluminium foam core sandwich panels with 0.8 mm thick 2024 T3 aluminium top and bottom skin. The numerical models are developed in order to understand the origin of the enhancement of the top skin loads found under impact loading (paper published by [1]. Numerical predicted piercing force vs displacement curves are compared with experimental measurements (tests at impact velocities at 27 and 44 m/s. The simulation catches all process of the perforation of the sandwich panels (top skin, foam core, and bottom skin. Within experimental scatter, there is a good agreement between numerical predictions and experimental measurements. Virtual tests with different impact velocities up 200 m/s are presented and showed a significant enhancement of the piercing force under impact loading (top skin peak and foam core plateau loads. In order to understand the origin of these force enhancements, any difference of detailed local information between static and dynamic loading is studied and showed that a shock front effect is responsible for the enhancement piercing force. An analytical model using an improved RPPL shock model based a power law densification assumption is proposed to calculate the top skin piercing force. The improved RPPL shock model agrees with the FE results for small velocities and gives better prediction of the piercing force than the RPPL shock model for large velocities (>100 m/s.

  18. Perforation of aluminium foam core sandwich panels under impact loading: A numerical and analytical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elnasri, Ibrahim; Zhao, Han

    2015-09-01

    This paper reports the numerical results of the inversed perforation test instrumented with Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar SHPB with an instrumented pressure bar on the AlSi7Mg0.5 aluminium foam core sandwich panels with 0.8 mm thick 2024 T3 aluminium top and bottom skin. The numerical models are developed in order to understand the origin of the enhancement of the top skin loads found under impact loading (paper published by [1]). Numerical predicted piercing force vs displacement curves are compared with experimental measurements (tests at impact velocities at 27 and 44 m/s). The simulation catches all process of the perforation of the sandwich panels (top skin, foam core, and bottom skin). Within experimental scatter, there is a good agreement between numerical predictions and experimental measurements. Virtual tests with different impact velocities up 200 m/s are presented and showed a significant enhancement of the piercing force under impact loading (top skin peak and foam core plateau loads). In order to understand the origin of these force enhancements, any difference of detailed local information between static and dynamic loading is studied and showed that a shock front effect is responsible for the enhancement piercing force. An analytical model using an improved RPPL shock model based a power law densification assumption is proposed to calculate the top skin piercing force. The improved RPPL shock model agrees with the FE results for small velocities and gives better prediction of the piercing force than the RPPL shock model for large velocities (>100 m/s).

  19. Combined use of surface and micro-analytical techniques for the study of ancient coins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingo, G. M.; Angelini, E.; de Caro, T.; Bultrini, G.

    By means of the combined use of surface and micro-analytical techniques the surface chemical composition of ancient coins and some aspects of their manufacturing techniques and of degradation mechanisms have been elucidated. Two case histories are described concerning silver Roman Republican coins and some coins plated with thin films of silver and gold. In particular, the coinage methods, the silvering and gilding techniques and the origin of the embrittlement of these selected Roman coins have been studied by means of the combined use of selected-area X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (SA-XPS) and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectrometry (SEM+EDS). This innovative approach has been utilised in order to gain further insight into the microchemical structure of the external regions of the coins as well as of the bulk features. The results show the use of mercury to coat a copper or silver core with a thin film of precious metals that could be considered the most important advance in the technology of gilding to be made in antiquity. Furthermore, the microchemical investigation of brittle Roman silver coins has allowed us to identify the origin of this troublesome problem. The microchemical results indicate that brittleness is induced by the presence of a low amount of lead that is retained in supersaturated solution when the cast blank was produced. This latter element segregates at the grain boundaries during the coin production and the subsequent long-term ageing at room temperature, thus inducing the alloy fracturing along the weakened grain boundaries.

  20. A Randomised Efficacy Study of Web-Based Synthetic and Analytic Programmes among Disadvantaged Urban Kindergarten Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comaskey, Erin M.; Savage, Robert S.; Abrami, Philip

    2009-01-01

    This study explores whether two computer-based literacy interventions--a "synthetic phonics" and an "analytic phonics" approach produce qualitatively distinct effects on the early phonological abilities and reading skills of disadvantaged urban Kindergarten (Reception) children. Participants (n=53) were assigned by random allocation to one of the…

  1. A Move-Analytic Contrastive Study on the Introductions of American and Philippine Master's Theses in Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lintao, Rachelle B.; Erfe, Jonathan P.

    2012-01-01

    This study purports to foster the understanding of profession-based academic writing in two different cultural conventions by examining the rhetorical moves employed by American and Philippine thesis introductions in Architecture using Swales' 2004 Revised CARS move-analytic model as framework. Twenty (20) Master's thesis introductions in…

  2. The criterion-related validity of personality measures for predicting GPA: a meta-analytic validity competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAbee, Samuel T; Oswald, Frederick L

    2013-06-01

    Interest in the role of personality traits in predicting academic performance outcomes has steadily increased over the last several decades, enough to produce a number of meta-analyses that summarize this research (e.g., Poropat, 2009; Richardson, Abraham, & Bond, 2012). These previous meta-analyses combine a variety of alternative personality measures under the assumption that they all reflect the same personality traits and thus predict outcomes similarly. The current meta-analysis tests this assumption by comparing different personality measures when predicting postsecondary grade point average (GPA). The operational validities (r+) of 5 frequently used measures of the Big Five personality traits were compared: the NEO Personality Inventory--Revised (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992), the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992), the Big Five Inventory (BFI; e.g., Benet-Martínez & John, 1998), Goldberg's (1992) unipolar Big Five Factor Markers (Markers), and the Big Five International Personality Item Pool (IPIP; Goldberg, 1999). A systematic review of the psychological literature from 1992 to 2012 was conducted, identifying 51 studies containing 274 correlations. Conscientiousness demonstrated the strongest criterion-related validity for predicting GPA (r+ = .23), consistent with previous meta-analyses; in addition, this overall validity was found to be robust across measures (r(BFI)(+) = .24, r(IPIP)(+) = .21, r(Markers)(+) = .15, r(NEO-FFI)(+) = .24, r(NEO-PI-R)(+) = .26). Although the criterion-related validities for Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience (Intellect) differed by measure, they were generally low (r+s < .10). Practical implications of the findings and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:23397931

  3. Overconvergent global analytic geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Paugam, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    We define a notion of global analytic space with overconvergent structure sheaf. This gives an analog on a general base Banach ring of Grosse-Kloenne's overconvergent p-adic spaces and of Bambozzi's generalized affinoid varieties over R. This also gives an affinoid version of Berkovich's and Poineau's global analytic spaces. This affinoid approach allows the introduction of a notion of strict global analytic space, that has some relations with the ideas of Arakelov geometry, since the base ex...

  4. Learning Analytics: A Case Study of the Process of Design of Visualizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olmos, Martin; Corrin, Linda

    2012-01-01

    The ability to visualize student engagement and experience data provides valuable opportunities for learning support and curriculum design. With the rise of the use of learning analytics to provide "actionable intelligence" on students' learning, the challenge is to create visualizations of the data, which are clear and useful to the intended…

  5. Capillary electromigration techniques for studying interactions between analytes and lipid dispersions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wiedmer, S. K.; Lokajová, Jana

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 36, č. 1 (2013), s. 37-51. ISSN 1615-9306 R&D Projects: GA TA ČR TA02010760 Grant ostatní: Helsinki Research Funds(FI) 2105060 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : electrokinetic chromatography * frontal analysis * liposome * microchips * partial filling Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation Impact factor: 2.594, year: 2013

  6. Analytical study of the heat loss attenuation by clothing on thermal manikins under radiative heat loads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartog, E.A. den; Havenith, G.

    2010-01-01

    For wearers of protective clothing in radiation environments there are no quantitative guidelines available for the effect of a radiative heat load on heat exchange. Under the European Union funded project ThermProtect an analytical effort was defined to address the issue of radiative heat load whil

  7. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities for Entry-Level Business Analytics Positions: A Multi-Method Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cegielski, Casey G.; Jones-Farmer, L. Allison

    2016-01-01

    It is impossible to deny the significant impact from the emergence of big data and business analytics on the fields of Information Technology, Quantitative Methods, and the Decision Sciences. Both industry and academia seek to hire talent in these areas with the hope of developing organizational competencies. This article describes a multi-method…

  8. Juicing the Juice: A Laboratory-Based Case Study for an Instrumental Analytical Chemistry Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaber, Peter M.; Dinan, Frank J.; St. Phillips, Michael; Larson, Renee; Pines, Harvey A.; Larkin, Judith E.

    2011-01-01

    A young, inexperienced Food and Drug Administration (FDA) chemist is asked to distinguish between authentic fresh orange juice and suspected reconstituted orange juice falsely labeled as fresh. In an advanced instrumental analytical chemistry application of this case, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy is used to distinguish between the…

  9. Analytical benchmarks for nuclear engineering applications. Case studies in neutron transport theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The developers of computer codes involving neutron transport theory for nuclear engineering applications seldom apply analytical benchmarking strategies to ensure the quality of their programs. A major reason for this is the lack of analytical benchmarks and their documentation in the literature. The few such benchmarks that do exist are difficult to locate, as they are scattered throughout the neutron transport and radiative transfer literature. The motivation for this benchmark compendium, therefore, is to gather several analytical benchmarks appropriate for nuclear engineering applications under one cover. We consider the following three subject areas: neutron slowing down and thermalization without spatial dependence, one-dimensional neutron transport in infinite and finite media, and multidimensional neutron transport in a half-space and an infinite medium. Each benchmark is briefly described, followed by a detailed derivation of the analytical solution representation. Finally, a demonstration of the evaluation of the solution representation includes qualified numerical benchmark results. All accompanying computer codes are suitable for the PC computational environment and can serve as educational tools for courses in nuclear engineering. While this benchmark compilation does not contain all possible benchmarks, by any means, it does include some of the most prominent ones and should serve as a valuable reference. (author)

  10. Analytical and numerical study on grating depth effects in grating coupled waveguide sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horvath, R.; Wilcox, L.C.; Pedersen, H.C.; Skivesen, N.; Hesthaven, J.S.; Johansen, P.M.

    2005-01-01

    The in-coupling process for grating-coupled planar optical waveguide sensors is investigated in the case of TE waves. A simple analytical model based on the Rayleigh-Fourier-Kiselev method is applied to take into account the depth of the grating coupler, which is usually neglected in the modeling...

  11. A Quasi-Analytical Study of the Nonrelativistic Two-Center Coulomb Problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Schroedinger equation with a pertaining two-center mean field potential scheme is solved by the quasi-analytical ansatz methodology. The ground-state wave function and the corresponding energy of a nonrelativistic nucleon moving in the fields of two fixed Coulomb centers are reported and the behavior of the energy vs. engaged parameters is depicted via illustrative figures. (author)

  12. Analytical Study of the Effect of the System Geometry on Photon Sensitivity and Depth of Interaction of Positron Emission Mammography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Aguiar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Positron emission mammography (PEM cameras are novel-dedicated PET systems optimized to image the breast. For these cameras it is essential to achieve an optimum trade-off between sensitivity and spatial resolution and therefore the main challenge for the novel cameras is to improve the sensitivity without degrading the spatial resolution. We carry out an analytical study of the effect of the different detector geometries on the photon sensitivity and the angle of incidence of the detected photons which is related to the DOI effect and therefore to the intrinsic spatial resolution. To this end, dual head detectors were compared to box and different polygon-detector configurations. Our results showed that higher sensitivity and uniformity were found for box and polygon-detector configurations compared to dual-head cameras. Thus, the optimal configuration in terms of sensitivity is a PEM scanner based on a polygon of twelve (dodecagon or more detectors. We have shown that this configuration is clearly superior to dual-head detectors and slightly higher than box, octagon, and hexagon detectors. Nevertheless, DOI effects are increased for this configuration compared to dual head and box scanners and therefore an accurate compensation for this effect is required.

  13. Optical and analytical electron microscopy of ductility-dip cracking in Ni-base filler metal 52 -- Initial studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cola, M.J.; Teter, D.F.

    1998-01-01

    Microcharacterization studies were performed on weld-metal microstructures of a Ni-base filler metal. Specimens were taken from the fusion zone and the weld-metal heat-affected zone of transverse- and spot-Varestraint welds. The filler metal was first deposited onto a steel substrate by hot-wire, gas tungsten arc welding before specimen removal. Optical microscopy indicates the crack morphology is intergranular and is along high-angle, migrated grain boundaries. At low magnifications, scanning electron microscopy reveals a relatively smooth fracture surface. However, at higher magnifications the grain faces exhibit microductility. Analytical electron microscopy reveals high-angle, migrated grain boundaries decorated with MC (Ti, Cr) and M{sub 23}C{sub 6} (Cr, Ni, Fe) precipitates ranging from 10 to 200 n. Auger electron spectroscopy of pre-strained Gleeble specimens fractured in situ revealed internal ductility-dip cracks decorated with magnesium aluminate (MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}) spinel particles (1,000 nm).

  14. Selecting the most appropriate maintenance strategies using fuzzy Analytic Network Process: A case study of Saipa vehicle industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mina Rahimi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available It is necessary for companies and industries to select the most appropriate maintenance strategy to increase the reliability and safety level with reasonable cost. The primary objective of this paper is to assess different maintenance strategies and to select the best and the most appropriate alternatives for Saipa vehicle industry in Tehran, Iran. For this purpose, we simultaneously consider numerous conflicting objectives and constraints. In this study to counter with this conflicting and to consider the dependency among the qualitative and quantitative criteria and sub-criteria, an integration of Analytic Network Process (ANP and fuzzy set theory are considered. Therefore, factors playing important role in selecting the best maintenance strategy are determined by reviewing the research literature and interviewing with the experts by Delphi technique. Considering the relations among different factors, a network with 4 criteria and 28 sub-criteria are proposed. In the next step, ANP technique is applied for ranking effective factors in evolution of appropriate maintenance strategy. Results reveal that the best maintenance strategy for fixture body of pride (setter is corrective maintenance.

  15. Analytical and numerical study of the thermal feedback in Groundwater Heat Pumps (GWHP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casasso, Alessandro; Sethi, Rajandrea

    2014-05-01

    Ground Water Heat Pumps (GWHP) are a promising renewable heating and cooling technology, which can noticeably reduce primary energy consumption of air conditioning in buildings. To ensure their efficiency and sustainability over time, hydrogeological modelling is of pivotal importance, since thermal feedback between injection and extraction well can heavily impair their performances. On the other hand, an accurate numerical flow and heat transport simulation is not usually performed and is not affordable on small installations. The aim of this study is to solve the hydraulic and thermal transport problem of an injection and an extraction well, in presence of a subsurface flow, by means of a finite-difference approximation of the potential flow theory. The results of this approach have been firstly validated against FEM numerical simulation showing a good agreement in a wide a range of operating conditions, then used in order to develop an approximated analytical relationship which describes the evolution of the thermal feedback over time. The relationship is dependent on the most relevant parameters of the aquifer system and of the GWHP and it can be effectively used for a fast dimensioning of full scale installations. References Ampofo F., Maidment G.G., Missenden J.F., 2006, Review of groundwater cooling systems in London, Applied Thermal Engineering 26, pp. 2055-2062 Brashears M.L., 1941, Ground-water temperature on Long Island, New York, as affected by recharge of warm water, Economic Geology 36, pp. 811-828 Clyde C.G., Madabhushi G.V., 1983, Spacing of wells for heat pumps, Journal of Water Resources Planning & Management - ASCE 109, pp. 203-212 Ferguson G., 2006, Potential use of particle tracking in the analysis of low-temperature geothermal developments, Geothermics 35, pp. 44-58 Gringarten A.C., Sauty J.P., 1975, A theoretical study of heat extraction from aquifers with uniform regional flow, Journal of Geophysical Research 80, pp. 4956-4962 Lippmann M

  16. MEDIA, ECOLOGY AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION: AN ANALYTICAL RESEARCH STUDY OF DUDHWA NATIONAL PARK

    OpenAIRE

    Anurag Swaroop; M. K. Padhy

    2015-01-01

    Ecology is a science of ecosystems or totality of reciprocal interactions between living organisms and their physical surroundings (Clark 1973). The word ecology signifies the study of environments: their structure, content, and impact on people. Ecology is theoretically an academic discipline, such as mathematics or physics. The word wildlife is usually associated with non-domesticated vertebrates, but has broadly related to all wild animals, plants and other organisms. People from diverse f...

  17. Unified results of several analytical and experimental studies of helicopter handling qualities in visual terrain flight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, R. T. N.

    1982-01-01

    The studies were undertaken to investigate the effects of rotor design parameters, interaxis coupling, and various levels of stability and control augmentation on the flying qualities of helicopters performing low-level, terrain-flying tasks in visual meteorological conditions. Some unified results are presented, and the validity and limitations of the flying-qualities data obtained are interpreted. Selected results, related to various design parameters, provide guidelines for the preliminary design of rotor systems and aircraft augmentation systems.

  18. Analytic trigonometry

    CERN Document Server

    Bruce, William J; Maxwell, E A; Sneddon, I N

    1963-01-01

    Analytic Trigonometry details the fundamental concepts and underlying principle of analytic geometry. The title aims to address the shortcomings in the instruction of trigonometry by considering basic theories of learning and pedagogy. The text first covers the essential elements from elementary algebra, plane geometry, and analytic geometry. Next, the selection tackles the trigonometric functions of angles in general, basic identities, and solutions of equations. The text also deals with the trigonometric functions of real numbers. The fifth chapter details the inverse trigonometric functions

  19. Analytical Approaches Based on Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) to Study Organic Materials in Artworks and Archaeological Objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaduce, Ilaria; Ribechini, Erika; Modugno, Francesca; Colombini, Maria Perla

    2016-02-01

    Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), after appropriate wet chemical sample pre-treatments or pyrolysis, is one of the most commonly adopted analytical techniques in the study of organic materials from cultural heritage objects. Organic materials in archaeological contexts, in classical art objects, or in modern and contemporary works of art may be the same or belong to the same classes, but can also vary considerably, often presenting different ageing pathways and chemical environments. This paper provides an overview of the literature published in the last 10 years on the research based on the use of GC/MS for the analysis of organic materials in artworks and archaeological objects. The latest progresses in advancing analytical approaches, characterising materials and understanding their degradation, and developing methods for monitoring their stability are discussed. Case studies from the literature are presented to examine how the choice of the working conditions and the analytical approaches is driven by the analytical and technical question to be answered, as well as the nature of the object from which the samples are collected. PMID:27572989

  20. 'Extending the Analytical Lens': A Consideration of the Concepts of 'Care' and 'Intimacy' in Relation to Fathering After Separation or Divorce

    OpenAIRE

    Georgia Philip

    2013-01-01

    This article adds to theoretical debate among British sociologists of families and relationships by considering the analytical potential and positioning of intimacy and care as concepts. Drawing on qualitative data from a study of fathering after separation or divorce, it explores the conceptual value of care as a means to advance understanding of fathering relationships. Raising the question of labour and the question of power, the discussion demonstrates the distinctiveness of care as an an...