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Sample records for analytic hierarchy process

  1. The Analytical Hierarchy Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn

    2007-01-01

    The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use.......The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use....

  2. APLIKASI FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS DALAM SELEKSI KARYAWAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jani Rahardjo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the decision making problem for worker selection. To solved this problem is applied the Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process, development of the ordinary Analytical Hierarchy Process which created to handle the subjectivity of multi-criteria. The best choice by Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process showed that subjectivities criteria have been included comparing by the ordinary Analytical Hierarchy Process. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini membahas mengenai masalah pengambilan keputusan untuk memilih alternatif karyawan terbaik. Untuk memecahkan masalah ini digunakan Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process, pengembangan Analytical Hierarchy Process konvensional yang dirancang untuk menangani permasalahan yang kriteria-kriterianya lebih banyak bersifat subjektif. Pilihan karyawan terbaik dengan Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process menunjukkan bahwa subjektifitas kriteria sangat diperhatikan dibandingkan dengan menggunakan Analytical Hierarchy Process konvensional. Kata kunci: Analytical Hierarchy Process, Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process.

  3. APLIKASI FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS DALAM SELEKSI KARYAWAN

    OpenAIRE

    Jani Rahardjo; I Nyoman Sutapa

    2002-01-01

    The paper discusses the decision making problem for worker selection. To solved this problem is applied the Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process, development of the ordinary Analytical Hierarchy Process which created to handle the subjectivity of multi-criteria. The best choice by Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process showed that subjectivities criteria have been included comparing by the ordinary Analytical Hierarchy Process. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini membahas mengenai masalah pe...

  4. Risk prioritisation using the analytic hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sum, Rabihah Md.

    2015-12-01

    This study demonstrated how to use the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to prioritise risks of an insurance company. AHP is a technique to structure complex problems by arranging elements of the problems in a hierarchy, assigning numerical values to subjective judgements on the relative importance of the elements and synthesizing the judgements to determine which elements have the highest priority. The study is motivated by wide application of AHP as a prioritisation technique in complex problems. It aims to show AHP is able to minimise some limitations of risk assessment technique using likelihood and impact. The study shows AHP is able to provide consistency check on subjective judgements, organise a large number of risks into a structured framework, assist risk managers to make explicit risk trade-offs, and provide an easy to understand and systematic risk assessment process.

  5. The analytic hierarchy process as a support for decision making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović Milanka

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this text deals with a convention site selection as one of the most lucrative areas in the tourism industry. The second part gives a further description of a method for decision making - the analytic hierarchy process. The basic characteristics: hierarchy constructions and pair wise comparison on the given level of the hierarchy are allured. The third part offers an example of application. This example is solved using the Super - Decision software, which is developed as a computer support for the analytic hierarchy process. This indicates that the AHP approach is a useful tool to help support a decision of convention site selection. .

  6. Extending the applicability of the analytic hierarchy process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizingh, K.R.E.; Vrolijk, H.C.J.

    1997-01-01

    The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) has often been used to support decisions that only have to be made once. in this study, we explore whether the AHP can be applied to repetitive decision-making. We suggest a variant of the process to elicit implicit decision models that evaluate alternatives not

  7. Optimizing an Immersion ESL Curriculum Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Hui-Wen Vivian

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to fill a substantial knowledge gap regarding reaching a uniform group decision in English curriculum design and planning. A comprehensive content-based course criterion model extracted from existing literature and expert opinions was developed. Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was used to identify the relative…

  8. Decision support for information systems management : applying analytic hierarchy process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizingh, Eelko K.R.E.; Vrolijk, Hans C.J.

    1995-01-01

    Decision-making in the field of information systems has become more complex due to a larger number of alternatives, multiple and sometimes conflicting goals, and an increasingly turbulent environment. In this paper we explore the appropriateness of Analytic Hierarchy Process to support I/S decision

  9. Multiple criteria inventory classification using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    OpenAIRE

    M. Ahsan Akhtar Hasin; Golam Kabir

    2012-01-01

    A systematic approach to the inventory control and classification may have a significant influence on company competitiveness. In practice, all inventories cannot be controlled with equal attention. In order to efficiently control the inventory items and to determine the suitable ordering policies for them, multi-criteria inventory classification is used. In this paper, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process for multiple criteria ABC inventory classification has been proposed. Fuzzy Analytic Hierar...

  10. ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF ATTRIBUTES FOR TPM IMPLEMENTATION

    OpenAIRE

    Abhishek Jain; Gupta, R. C.; S. C. Soni

    2014-01-01

    Total Productivity Maintenance is one of the effective strategy designed primarily to maximize the effectiveness of equipment throughout its entire life by the participation and motivation of the entire workforce. The paper presents the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methodology for the implementation of Total Productivity Maintenance (TPM) in an organization. A TPM implementation methodology has been developed for identification of weight and priorities of TPM attributes by using pare-wise...

  11. Analysis of selected prioritization methods in the analytic hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jablonsky, J.

    2015-06-01

    A crucial problem in the analytic hierarchy process (or its extension analytic network process) deriving priorities form pairwise comparison matrices. The most popular methods for deriving priorities are eigenvector method, which is originally proposed by Saaty[5], logarithmic least square method, and least square method. The paper deals with other alternative approaches using goal programming methodology - one of them is based on minimization of sum of absolute or relative deviations and the other one on minimization of maximum deviation. The results of methods are compared on a set of randomly generated matrices of different sizes and consistency levels.

  12. Optimizing an immersion ESL curriculum using analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Hui-Wen Vivian

    2011-11-01

    The main purpose of this study is to fill a substantial knowledge gap regarding reaching a uniform group decision in English curriculum design and planning. A comprehensive content-based course criterion model extracted from existing literature and expert opinions was developed. Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was used to identify the relative importance of course criteria for the purpose of tailoring an optimal one-week immersion English as a second language (ESL) curriculum for elementary school students in a suburban county of Taiwan. The hierarchy model and AHP analysis utilized in the present study will be useful for resolving several important multi-criteria decision-making issues in planning and evaluating ESL programs. This study also offers valuable insights and provides a basis for further research in customizing ESL curriculum models for different student populations with distinct learning needs, goals, and socioeconomic backgrounds.

  13. An Improved Analytic Hierarchy Process and Application in Grain Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Chun-yu; Wang Wen-long

    2012-01-01

    Value analysis of grain production influencing factors is a complex decision problem. This paper introduced a modified Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) accumulation factor, namely Solving Weight by AHP's Accumulation Factor Sequence Evaluating Data. We used the arithmetical average to replace the expert marking, so that the possible decision mistakes by the subjective judgments could be avoided. We computed the case with this method, which obtained attribute value of 17 influencing factors of the potential food production in Heilongjiang Province, and the result of which was reasonable

  14. Pendekatan Fuzzy-Analytic Hierarchy Process Dalam Pemilihan Konsep Produk.

    OpenAIRE

    Sigalingging, Tina M

    2011-01-01

    Product concept selection among a set of concepts/ alternatives is one of important part to get success in developing a new product. Because it faced by complex situation and uncertain, so it becomes a difficulty of decision maker/s to make a decision. Usually, decision maker/s just use their subjectivity and intuition. Fuzzy-Analytic Hierarchy Process is one of method which can solve this problem. Because this method can help decision maker/s give ranking to every criteria/ alternatives in s...

  15. Supplier Selection in Dynamic Environment using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prince Agarwal

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In today’s highly competitive business environment, the rapidly changing customer demands and with the advent of enterprise wide information systems, the managers are bound to think beyond the conventional business processes and devise new ways to squeeze out costs and improve the performance without compromising on the quality at the same time. Supplier evaluation and selection is one such area which determines the success of any manufacturing firm. Supplier selection is the problem wherein the company decides which vendor to select to have that strategic and operational advantage of meeting the customers’ varying demands and fight the fierce competition. This paper presents a simple model based on Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP to help decision makers in supplier evaluation and selection, taking into account the firm’s requirements. The article is intended to help new scholars and researchers understand the AHP model and see different facets in first sight.

  16. Selection of Fuel by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asilata M. Damle,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Selection of fuel is a very important and critical decision one has to make. Various criteria are to be considered while selecting a fuel. Some of important criteria are Fuel Economy, Availability of fuel, Pollution from vehicle, Maintenance of the vehicle. Selection of best fuel is a complex situation. It needs a multi-criteria analysis. Earlier, the solution to the problem were found by applying classical numerical methods which took into account only technical and economic merits of the various alternatives. By applying multi-criteria tools, it is possible to obtain more realistic results. This paper gives a systematic analysis for selection of fuel by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. This is a multi-criteria decision making process. By using AHP we can select the fuel by comparing various factors in a mathematical model. This is a scientific method to find out the best fuel by making pairwise comparisons.

  17. Comparative Analysis between Fuzzy and Traditional Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mulubrhan Freselam

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP is one of the techniques commonly used for prioritizing different alternatives, by using complex criteria. In real applications, conventional AHP assumes the expert judgment as it is exact and use crisp number leading to inconsideration of the uncertainty that came from linguistic variable. Fuzzy logic deals with situations which are vague or unwell defined and gives a quantify value. In this study a comparison is made between traditional AHP and fuzzy AHP by taking a case of selecting an effective oil refinery. The selection is conducted using system effectiveness as a criterion. The two approaches have been compared on the same hierarchy structure and criteria set and the result show that in both case dual drum scheme (DDS has the highest priority but different value that is 0.51 and 0.36 for AHP and FAHP respectively which shows that if the expert opinion is certain AHP should be used if not FAHP should be preferred

  18. Selection of Vendor Based on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

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    Prabjot Kaur

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Business environment is characterized by greater domestic and international competitive position in the global market. Vendors play a key role in achieving the so-called corporate competition. It is not easy however to identify good vendors because evaluation is based on multiple criteria. In practice, for VSP most of the input information about the criteria is not known precisely. Intuitionistic fuzzy set is an extension of the classical fuzzy set theory (FST, which is a suitable way to deal with impreciseness. In other words, the application of intuitionistic fuzzy sets instead of fuzzy sets means the introduction of another degree of freedom called nonmembership function into the set description. In this paper, we proposed a triangular intuitionistic fuzzy number based approach for the vendor selection problem using analytical hierarchy process. The crisp data of the vendors is represented in the form of triangular intuitionistic fuzzy numbers. By applying AHP which involves decomposition, pairwise comparison, and deriving priorities for the various levels of the hierarchy, an overall crisp priority is obtained for ranking the best vendor. A numerical example illustrates our method. Lastly a sensitivity analysis is performed to find the most critical criterion on the basis of which vendor is selected.

  19. Evaluating supplier quality performance using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Nazihah; Kasim, Maznah Mat; Rajoo, Shanmugam Sundram Kalimuthu

    2014-12-01

    Evaluating supplier quality performance is vital in ensuring continuous supply chain improvement, reducing the operational costs and risks towards meeting customer's expectation. This paper aims to illustrate an application of Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process to prioritize the evaluation criteria in a context of automotive manufacturing in Malaysia. Five main criteria were identified which were quality, cost, delivery, customer serviceand technology support. These criteria had been arranged into hierarchical structure and evaluated by an expert. The relative importance of each criteria was determined by using linguistic variables which were represented as triangular fuzzy numbers. The Center of Gravity defuzzification method was used to convert the fuzzy evaluations into their corresponding crisps values. Such fuzzy evaluation can be used as a systematic tool to overcome the uncertainty evaluation of suppliers' performance which usually associated with human being subjective judgments.

  20. Aplikasi Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP pada Pemilihan Software Manajemen Proyek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Komsiyah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problem with many alternative decisions in the areas of management and administration commonly referred to as multi-attribute decision problems. For example, the decision problem with many variables so that the target decision can not always be determined easily. Well-known method of approach, to overcome this kind of problem is called the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. AHP technique is given by arranging alternative levels of decision, so as to provide a structured quantitative description. Application of multi-attribute types of problems such as problems in the selection of software, car, project proposal, the university, the best employees, and so forth. In this paper, the approach developed using the AHP in software selection project management.

  1. An Application of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Evaluation

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    Yan Chen

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Unlike previous studies on political risk and Outward Foreign Direct Investment (ODI that used macro-level ODI data to make analysis, this paper uses of firm-level data to study the relationship between political risk and ODI from institutional distance perspective. This paper builds a relative political risk evaluation system between home country (China and US and host country (Russia by Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP. We find that relative political risk strengthens China’s ability of investing in Russia, and weakens US’s. This paper argues that firms that desire investing in high political risk countries should cultivate their relative political risk advantages for their overseas investments.

  2. Accurate Load Modeling Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

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    Zhenshu Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Establishing an accurate load model is a critical problem in power system modeling. That has significant meaning in power system digital simulation and dynamic security analysis. The synthesis load model (SLM considers the impact of power distribution network and compensation capacitor, while randomness of power load is more precisely described by traction power system load model (TPSLM. On the basis of these two load models, a load modeling method that combines synthesis load with traction power load is proposed in this paper. This method uses analytic hierarchy process (AHP to interact with two load models. Weight coefficients of two models can be calculated after formulating criteria and judgment matrixes and then establishing a synthesis model by weight coefficients. The effectiveness of the proposed method was examined through simulation. The results show that accurate load modeling based on AHP can effectively improve the accuracy of load model and prove the validity of this method.

  3. Green Degree Comprehensive Evaluation of Elevator Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Lizhen; Zhangruijun; WangChen

    2015-01-01

    The green design of the elevator has many characteristics which contains many factors and the combination of qualitative and quantitative. In view of the fuzzy problem of evaluation index information, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model are combined to evaluate the green degree of elevator. In this method, the weights of the indexes are calculated by using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process is used to calculate t...

  4. An Analytical hierarchy process model for the evaluation of college

    OpenAIRE

    Yin, Qingli

    2013-01-01

    Taking into account the characteristcs of college experimental teaching, through investgaton and analysis, evaluaton indices and an Analytcal Hierarchy Process (AHP) model of experimental teaching quality have been established following the analytcal hierarchy process method, and the evaluaton indices have been given reasonable weights. An example is given, and the evaluaton results show that the evaluaton indices proposed in this paper are capable of refectng objectvely, exactly ...

  5. Evaluating supplier quality performance using analytical hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalimuthu Rajoo, Shanmugam Sundram; Kasim, Maznah Mat; Ahmad, Nazihah

    2013-09-01

    This paper elaborates the importance of evaluating supplier quality performance to an organization. Supplier quality performance evaluation reflects the actual performance of the supplier exhibited at customer's end. It is critical in enabling the organization to determine the area of improvement and thereafter works with supplier to close the gaps. Success of the customer partly depends on supplier's quality performance. Key criteria as quality, cost, delivery, technology support and customer service are categorized as main factors in contributing to supplier's quality performance. 18 suppliers' who were manufacturing automotive application parts evaluated in year 2010 using weight point system. There were few suppliers with common rating which led to common ranking observed by few suppliers'. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), a user friendly decision making tool for complex and multi criteria problems was used to evaluate the supplier's quality performance challenging the weight point system that was used for 18 suppliers'. The consistency ratio was checked for criteria and sub-criteria. Final results of AHP obtained with no overlap ratings, therefore yielded a better decision making methodology as compared to weight point rating system.

  6. The best motivator priorities parents choose via analytical hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, R. N.; Latha, P.

    2015-05-01

    Motivation is probably the most important factor that educators can target in order to improve learning. Numerous cross-disciplinary theories have been postulated to explain motivation. While each of these theories has some truth, no single theory seems to adequately explain all human motivation. The fact is that human beings in general and pupils in particular are complex creatures with complex needs and desires. In this paper, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) has been proposed as an emerging solution to move towards too large, dynamic and complex real world multi-criteria decision making problems in selecting the most suitable motivator when choosing school for their children. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 ("Statistical Package for Social Science") software. Statistic testing used are descriptive and inferential statistic. Descriptive statistic used to identify respondent pupils and parents demographic factors. The statistical testing used to determine the pupils and parents highest motivator priorities and parents' best priorities using AHP to determine the criteria chosen by parents such as school principals, teachers, pupils and parents. The moderating factors are selected schools based on "Standard Kualiti Pendidikan Malaysia" (SKPM) in Ampang. Inferential statistics such as One-way ANOVA used to get the significant and data used to calculate the weightage of AHP. School principals is found to be the best motivator for parents in choosing school for their pupils followed by teachers, parents and pupils.

  7. An Analytic Hierarchy Process for School Quality and Inspection: Model Development and Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Qubaisi, Amal; Badri, Masood; Mohaidat, Jihad; Al Dhaheri, Hamad; Yang, Guang; Al Rashedi, Asma; Greer, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop an analytic hierarchy planning-based framework to establish criteria weights and to develop a school performance system commonly called school inspections. Design/methodology/approach: The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) model uses pairwise comparisons and a measurement scale to generate the…

  8. Green Degree Comprehensive Evaluation of Elevator Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizhen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The green design of the elevator has many characteristics which contains many factors and the combination of qualitative and quantitative. In view of the fuzzy problem of evaluation index information, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model are combined to evaluate the green degree of elevator. In this method, the weights of the indexes are calculated by using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process is used to calculate the weights of each level. The feasibility will be defined of using green degree evaluation of elevator system as an example to verify the method.

  9. A comparison of verbal and numerical judgments in the analytic hierarchy process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizingh, EKRE; Vrolijk, HCJ

    1997-01-01

    In the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), decision makers make pairwise comparisons of alternatives and criteria. The AHP allows to make these pairwise comparisons verbally or numerically. Although verbal statements are intuitively attractive for preference elicitation, there is overwhelming evidence

  10. DECISION MAKING-THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY AND NETWORK PROCESSES(AHP/ANP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Thomas L.SAATY

    2004-01-01

    This is the first part of an introduction to multicriteria decision making using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and its generalization, the Analytic Network Process (ANP). The discussion involves individual and group decisions both with the independence of the criteria from the alternatives as in the AHP and also with dependence and feedback in the entire decision structure as in the ANP. This part explains the Analytic Hierarchy Process, with examples, and presents in some detail the mathematical foundations. An exposition of the Analytic Network Process and its applications will appear in later issues of this journal.

  11. A DECISION MAKING MODEL FOR SELECTION OF WIND ENERGY PRODUCTION FARMS BASED ONFUZZY ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Aysun SAGBAS; Adnan MAZMANOGLU; Reyhan ALP

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation model for the prioritization of wind energy production sites, namely, Mersin, Silifke and Anamur, located in Mediterranean Sea region of Turkey. For this purpose, a fuzzy analytical hierarchy decision making approach based on multi-criteria decision making framework including economic, technical, and environmental criteria was performed. It is found that the results obtained from fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) approa...

  12. SELECTION OF BUSINESS STRATEGIES FOR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT USING FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Prasun Das

    2010-01-01

    Fuzzy linguistic concepts are often used to enhance the traditional analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in capturing the fuzziness and subjectiveness of decision makers' judgments. In this paper, fuzzy AHP methodology is adopted for selection of the strategies for business improvement in an Indian industry as a decision making problem. Due to simplicity and effectiveness, triangular fuzzy numbers are adopted as a reference to indicate the influence strength of each element in the hierarchy struc...

  13. 直觉模糊层次分析法%Intuitionistic fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高红云; 王超; 哈明虎

    2011-01-01

    A kind of intuitionistic fuzzy analytic hierarchy process is established by using the intuition-istic fuzzy numbers and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to solve the comprehensive evaluation problem of intuitionistic fuzzy environment which is hard to be handled by the traditional fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. The example analysis respects the effectiveness of the method.%为了解决传统模糊层次分析法难以处理的直觉模糊环境下的综合评判问题,利用直觉模糊数和模糊层次分析法建立了一种直觉模糊层次分析法.实验分析表明了该方法的有效性.

  14. A DECISION MAKING MODEL FOR SELECTION OF WIND ENERGY PRODUCTION FARMS BASED ONFUZZY ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aysun SAGBAS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation model for the prioritization of wind energy production sites, namely, Mersin, Silifke and Anamur, located in Mediterranean Sea region of Turkey. For this purpose, a fuzzy analytical hierarchy decision making approach based on multi-criteria decision making framework including economic, technical, and environmental criteria was performed. It is found that the results obtained from fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP approach, Anamur district is the best area among the alternatives for establishing wind turbines

  15. The Use of the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Aid Decision Making in Acquired Equinovarus Deformity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Til, van J.A.; Renzenbrink, G.J.; Dolan, J.G.; IJzerman, M.J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To increase the transparency of decision making about treatment in patients with equinovarus deformity poststroke. - Design: The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used as a structured methodology to study the subjective rationale behind choice of treatment. - Setting: An 8-hour meeting

  16. Barriers analysis for green supply chain management implementation in Indian industries using analytic hierarchy process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Kaliyan, Mathiyazhagan; Kannan, Devika;

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing industries started adopting the green concept in their supply chain management recently to focus on environmental issues. But, industries still struggle to identify barriers hindering green supply chain management implementation. This work focuses on identifying barriers to the impl....../priorities are identified through recourse to analytic hierarchy process. Finally, a sensitivity analysis investigates priority ranking stability. © 2013 Elsevier B.V....

  17. Application of the analytic hierarchy process method in the selection of optimal tactical radio communication systems

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    Saša M. Devetak

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the analytic hierarchy process method in selecting an optimal tactic radio communication system. The problem has been defined, followed by the description of the AHP method procedure as well as the criteria and alternatives for radio communication systems. The problem was solved using the mathematical model and the presented software.

  18. Application of the analytic hierarchy process method in the selection of optimal tactical radio communication systems

    OpenAIRE

    Saša M. Devetak; Miroslav R. Terzić

    2011-01-01

    This article deals with the analytic hierarchy process method in selecting an optimal tactic radio communication system. The problem has been defined, followed by the description of the AHP method procedure as well as the criteria and alternatives for radio communication systems. The problem was solved using the mathematical model and the presented software.

  19. Group Decision Making with the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Benefit-Risk Assessment: A Tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hummel, J. Marjan; Bridges, John F.P.; IJzerman, Maarten J.

    2014-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been increasingly applied as a technique for multi-criteria decision analysis in healthcare. The AHP can aid decision makers in selecting the most valuable technology for patients, while taking into account multiple, and even conflicting, decision criteria. T

  20. The analytical hierarchy process applied for design analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ciftcioglu, O.; Sariyildiz, I.S.

    2005-01-01

    Being an intelligent activity, design is a complex process to accomplish. The complexity stems from the elusive character of this activity, which cannot be explained in precise terms, in general. In a design process, the determined relationships among the design elements provide important informatio

  1. Penentuan Kriteria Pemilihan Strategi Sistem Manufaktur Menggunakan Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apriani Soepardi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the decision making process for the selection of criteria manufacturing system using AHP. The accuracy of the selection strategy is based on many criteria that termed as agility capabilities. Several influential criteria that is used in the selection are responsiveness, product quality, product cost, operator skills, and inventory. From these criteria, manufacturing responsiveness has the highest priority weight. On these criteria, the company cast metal is required to have the agility capabilities in reduction of lead-time for product development, new product introduction, and a wide variety of products. While the criteria for product quality takes places at second priority, followed by product cost, operator skill and inventory. From agility capability priorities that must be owned by the company of cast metal, the manufacturing system according to the characteristics of the organization and be able to respond appropriately to environmental changes is lean manufacturing system.

  2. Research on Marketing Channel of Mobile Manufacturer Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Hui; LI Shi-ming; LAN Yong

    2006-01-01

    Research on "marketing channel" of mobile attracts much attention in these years,but there're only few articles referring to how to optimize the disposition of channel resources for mobile manufacturers. Based on a typically multiplex marketing channel system of mobile manufacturer, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) structure model is established. Through the judgment matrix, simple and total hierarchy arrangement, consistent test, this paper gets the weight of each kind of marketing channel of mobile manufacturer. It provides the practical reference value for mobile manufacturers to distribute resources of marketing channels.

  3. Supplier Selection for Food Industry: A Combination of Taguchi Loss Function and Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Renna Magdalena

    2012-01-01

    Supplier selection is an important part of supply chain management process by which firms identify, evaluate, and establish contracts with suppliers. Deciding the right supplier can be a complex task. As such, various criteria must be taken into account to choose the best supplier. This study focused on the supply in the packaging division of a food industry in Denpasar-Bali. A combination of Taguchi Loss Function and fuzzy-AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process Fuzzy Linear Programming) was used ...

  4. Possibilities of Utilizing the Method of Analytical Hierarchy Process Within the Strategy of Corporate Social Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drieniková, Katarína; Hrdinová, Gabriela; Naňo, Tomáš; Sakál, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The paper deals with the analysis of the theory of corporate social responsibility, risk management and the exact method of analytic hierarchic process that is used in the decision-making processes. The Chapters 2 and 3 focus on presentation of the experience with the application of the method in formulating the stakeholders' strategic goals within the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and simultaneously its utilization in minimizing the environmental risks. The major benefit of this paper is the application of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).

  5. The Use of Programming Languages on the Final Project Report by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juhartini

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The development in information technology provides a lot of convenience for everyone. Academy of Information Management and Computer (AIMC students of the fourth semester, implementing the Job Training must specify the type of programming that will be used as a Final Project Report. The study assessed five types of programming language by using the approach of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP to obtain information on the programming language that has the quality or better rating than 5 programming languages is based on the parameters. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP is one way in determining or making a decision that are multi-criteria or multi-objective such as choosing the programming language for the Student Information Management at the Academy of Information Management and Computer (AIMC. Programming language based on five criteria consisting of Clarity, Simplicity, and unity; Orthogonality; Fairness for Applications; Supports Abstraction; Environment Program; and Portability Program.

  6. MULTIPLE CRITERA METHODS WITH FOCUS ON ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS AND GROUP DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Zadnik-Stirn

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Managing natural resources is a group multiple criteria decision making problem. In this paper the analytic hierarchy process is the chosen method for handling the natural resource problems. The one decision maker problem is discussed and, three methods: the eigenvector method, data envelopment analysis method, and logarithmic least squares method are presented for the derivation of the priority vector. Further, the group analytic hierarchy process is discussed and six methods for the aggregation of individual judgments or priorities: weighted arithmetic mean method, weighted geometric mean method, and four methods based on data envelopment analysis are compared. The case study on land use in Slovenia is applied. The conclusions review consistency, sensitivity analyses, and some future directions of research.

  7. Determination of Optimal Opening Scheme for Electromagnetic Loop Networks Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Studying optimization and decision for opening electromagnetic loop networks plays an important role in planning and operation of power grids. First, the basic principle of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP is introduced, and then an improved FAHP-based scheme evaluation method is proposed for decoupling electromagnetic loop networks based on a set of indicators reflecting the performance of the candidate schemes. The proposed method combines the advantages of analytic hierarchy process (AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. On the one hand, AHP effectively combines qualitative and quantitative analysis to ensure the rationality of the evaluation model; on the other hand, the judgment matrix and qualitative indicators are expressed with trapezoidal fuzzy numbers to make decision-making more realistic. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by the application results on the real power system of Liaoning province of China.

  8. A HYBRID APPROACH FOR RELIABILITY ANALYSIS BASED ON ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) AND BAYESIAN NETWORK (BN)

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad eZubair

    2014-01-01

    The investigation of the nuclear accidents reveals that the accumulation of various technical and nontechnical lapses compounded the nuclear disaster. By using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Bayesian Network (BN) the present research signifies the technical and nontechnical issues of nuclear accidents. The study exposed that besides technical fixes such as enhanced engineering safety features and better siting choices, the critical ingredient for safe operation of nuclear reactors lie i...

  9. A Hybrid Approach for Reliability Analysis Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Bayesian Network

    OpenAIRE

    Zubair, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    By using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and Bayesian Network (BN) the present research signifies the technical and non-technical issues of nuclear accidents. The study exposed that the technical faults was one major reason of these accidents. Keep an eye on other point of view it becomes clearer that human behavior like dishonesty, insufficient training, and selfishness are also play a key role to cause these accidents. In this study, a hybrid approach for reliability analysis based on AHP ...

  10. Analytic hierarchy process as module for productivity evaluation and decision-making of the operation theater

    OpenAIRE

    Ezzat, Abdelrahman E. M.; Hamoud, Hesham S.

    2016-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgments of experts to derive priority scales, these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms. The aim of the article was to develop a model for productivity measurement of the operation theater (OT), which could be applied as a model for quality improvement and decision-making. AHP is used in this article to evolve such a model. The steps consist of identifying the critica...

  11. Evaluation and selection of energy technologies using an integrated graph theory and analytic hierarchy process methods

    OpenAIRE

    P. B. Lanjewar; R. V. Rao; A. V. Kale,; J. Taler; P. Ocłoń

    2016-01-01

    The evaluation and selection of energy technologies involve a large number of attributes whose selection and weighting is decided in accordance with the social, environmental, technical and economic framework. In the present work an integrated multiple attribute decision making methodology is developed by combining graph theory and analytic hierarchy process methods to deal with the evaluation and selection of energy technologies. The energy technology selection attributes digraph enables a q...

  12. Examination of Turkey's Renewable Energy and Fossil energy Consumption with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

    OpenAIRE

    KAPLAN, Yalçın; SARAY, Umut

    2014-01-01

    – In this study, examined renewable energy sources and between fossil energy sources in the Turkey. In addition, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to analyze values method was used. SUPER DECİSİONS program was used in this study. As an alternative, renewable energy sources and fossil energy sources was discussed. Criteria; performance, cost, price, and is causing harm to the environment. Super decisions program was used for AHP. To results of the study, compared value 69.15%, the ideal e...

  13. Determinants of Customers’ Satisfaction in the Nigerian Aviation Industry Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Model

    OpenAIRE

    B. E A. Oghojafor; Adebola Glorious Adekoya

    2014-01-01

    The aviation industry in Africa‟s most populous nation has been experiencing an explosive growth in recent years with older domestic operators fighting competing new players. The expansion has given Nigerians a wider choice of airlines, many of them flying with new or recently refurbished aircraft, which have helped reverse the country‟s situation for air safety in the wake of a spate of crashes six years ago. This paper applied the Analytic Hierarchy Process to identify the deter...

  14. Determinants of Customers’ Satisfaction in the Nigerian Aviation Industry Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Model

    OpenAIRE

    B. E A. Oghojafor

    2014-01-01

    The aviation industry in Africa?s most populous nation has been experiencing an explosive growth in recent years with older domestic operators fighting competing new players. The expansion has given Nigerians a wider choice of airlines, many of them flying with new or recently refurbished aircraft, which have helped reverse the country?s situation for air safety in the wake of a spate of crashes six years ago. This paper applied the Analytic Hierarchy Process to identify the determinants of c...

  15. Alignment of manufacturing strategies to customer requirements using analytical hierarchy process

    OpenAIRE

    Hofmann, Erik; Knébel, Stephan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide new insights in the field of operations management decision finding. It aims to combine manufacturing strategies with the service dominant logic in order to connect customer satisfaction. An analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is developed and applied within two case companies. A sensitivity analysis revealed that the manufacturing strategy selection changes when customer requirements vary. The sensitivity of manufacturing strategy alteration towards chang...

  16. Integrating group Delphi, analytic hierarchy process and dynamic fuzzy cognitive maps for a climate warning scenario

    OpenAIRE

    Biloslavo, Roberto; Grebenc, Andrej

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present the common use of Delphi method, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and dynamic fuzzy cognitive maps (DFCM) for development of future scenarios in correlation with climate warnings. Design/methodology/approach - The developed global model is based on a cognitive map composed of 28 factors. Among these factors two are independent, namely human consciousness and living standard. These two factors represent the most important levers of control with...

  17. The Evolution of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) as a Decision Making Tool in Property Sectors

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Safian, Edie Ezwan; Nawawi, Abdul Hadi

    2011-01-01

    In the 1970s, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)has been introduced accidentally by Saaty [4] as a tool to allocate resources and planning needs for the military. However, due to its ability to identify the weightage of variables efficiently in research, it has become popular in many sectors. Basically, AHP is a tool in decision making that arranges the variables into a hierarchical form in order to rank the importance of each variable. Leading to the weightage calculation of the variables in...

  18. IMPLEMENTASI METODE DEMPSTER SHAFER ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS UNTUK PEMILIHAN PROGRAM STUDI CALON MAHASISWA

    OpenAIRE

    Menur Wahyu Pangestika; Oky Dwi Nurhayati; Suryono Suryono

    2016-01-01

    Methods Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to rank or sort information based on a number of criteria. DS/AHP advantage of Pairwise Comparison, Consistency Ratio, and Dempster Rule's of Combination, which is used to generate information systems in the form of a sequence of courses as consideration for the selection of majors for prospective students. The sample used in this study were 29 students of five faculty at the University of Diponegoro. The data used is the standard min...

  19. Measuring Corporate Social Responsibility Based on a Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Shouming Chen; Jiasi Fan

    2011-01-01

    With increasing social awareness on the issue of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the measurement of CSR has received considerable attention in both academic literature and managerial practice. Following a review of CSR theory development and the literature on measures of CSR, this paper proposes a systematic approach to measure CSR using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP). In addition, a preliminary investigation is presented to explain how the approach can help in evaluating CS...

  20. Renewable energy integration in smart grids-multicriteria assessment using the fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

    OpenAIRE

    JANJIC, ALEKSANDAR; SAVIC, SUZANA; Velimirovic, Lazar; Nikolic, Vesna

    2015-01-01

    Unlike the traditional way of efficiency assessment of renewable energy sources integration, the smart grid concept is introducing new goals and objectives regarding increased use of renewable electricity sources, grid security, energy conservation, energy efficiency, and deregulated energy market. Possible benefits brought by renewable sources integration are evaluated by the degree of the approach to the ideal smart grid. In this paper, fuzzy analytical hierarchy process methodology for the...

  1. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of bridge quality based on analytical hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨转运

    2009-01-01

    Bridge quality assessment is an important part in the final acceptance of new bridge construction,and it is also the main basis for the reinforcement or removal of old bridges.We evaluated the weight of each affecting factor to the upper events using progressive analytical hierarchy process(AHP)with the adoption of 3 scaling,reduced the calculation in analytical process,and precluded the nonuniformity of the scaling system.We obtained a comprehensive evaluation system of bridge quality, and verified its pra...

  2. Exploring maintenance policy selection using the Analytic Hierarchy Process; An application for naval ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we investigate maintenance policy selection (MPS) through the use of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). A maintenance policy is a policy that dictates which parameter triggers a maintenance action. In practice, selecting the right maintenance policy appears to be a difficult decision. We investigate MPS for naval ships, but our results have wider applicability. For our study we cooperate with the owner and operator of the ships, as well as with a shipbuilder and an original equipment manufacturer of naval ships. We apply a structured five step approach to obtain the relevant criteria that may make one policy preferable over another. The criteria are drawn from both literature and a series of interviews at several navy related companies and are structured into a hierarchy of criteria usable with the AHP. Additionally, we organize three workshops at the three different companies to test the AHP-based MPS approach in practice. We conclude that the AHP is well suited for maintenance policy selection in this broad setting, and that it provides a structured and detailed approach for MPS. Adding to that, it facilitates discussions during and after the sessions, creating a better understanding of the policy selection process. - Highlights: • We use the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for maintenance policy selection (MPS). • Using both interviews and case studies from the literature, we construct a hierarchy. • In sessions at 3 companies, we find that 1 hierarchy can be used for multiple assets. • The AHP creates a better understanding of the maintenance policy selection process. • Our work is on naval ships, but our approach and findings have wider applicability

  3. Lectotype Optimization of Offshore Platforms by Use of Three-Scale Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立成; 宋玉普; 封盛

    2001-01-01

    A Three-Scale Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (T-FAHP) is proposed by introducing the Three-Scale Analyti- cal Hierarchy Process (T-AHP) and the trapezoid fuzzy number. A multi-objective optimization model based on the T-FAHP is presented subsequently, in which many factors influencing the lectotype of offshore platform are taken intoaccount synthetically, such as the original investment, the maintenance cost, the ability of resisting fatigue and corrosion,the construction period, the threat to the environment, and so on. With this method, the experts can give the relatively precise ranking weight of each index and at the same time the requirement of consistence checking can be met. The result of a calculation example shows that the T-FAHP is practical.

  4. An analytic hierarchy process for benchmarking of automobile car service industry in Indian context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupender Singh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an application of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP to help decision maker evaluate different processes to identify the weaknesses of an automobile car service where the best alternatives and critical success factors are identified to improve their performances against the market leader. The proposed benchmarking process may help provide effective systematic decision support tool. Thus the endeavor has been made for car service industry to exhibit proposed framework by applying AHP to enhance its competitiveness. The proposed study provides an opportunity to apply to other industries in addition with a diminutive alteration.

  5. Aplikasi Analytical Hierarchy Process Pada Pemilihan Metode Analisis Zat Organik Dalam Air

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dino Rimantho

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Water is one of the food products analyzed in water chemistry and environmental laboratories. One of the parameters analyzed are organic substances. The number of samples that were not comparable with the analytical skills can cause delays in test results. Analytical Hierarchy Process applied to evaluate the analytical methods used. Alternative methods tested include titrimetric method, spectrophotometry, and total organic carbon (TOC. Respondents consisted of deputy technical manager, laboratory coordinator, and two senior analysts. Alternative results obtained are methods of TOC. Proposed improvements alternative analytical method based on the results obtained, the method of the TOC with a 10-15 minute analysis time and use of CRM to the validity of the analysis results.

  6. An analytical hierarchy process for decision making of high-level-waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To prove the existence value of nuclear technology for the world of post cold war, demonstration of safe rad-waste disposal is essential. High-level-waste (HLW) certainly is the key issue to be resolved. To assist a rational and persuasive process on various disposal options, an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for the decision making of HLW management is presented. The basic theory and rationale are discussed, and applications are shown to illustrate the usefulness of the AHP. The authors wish that the AHP can provide a better direction for the current doomed situations of Taiwan nuclear industry, and to exchange with other countries for sharing experiences on the HLW management

  7. Selection of Leading Industry in Anshun Experimental District Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Analytic Hierarchy Process is selected according to the selection method of leading industries by both domestic and foreign scholars. Leading industries which can accelerate the overall economic development of Anshun Experimental District is taken as the target layer; and market demand, efficiency standards and local conditions are taken as the criterion layers, so as to construct the select model of leading industry and to choose the leading industry in Anshun Experimental District. Result shows that the priority order of the leading industry selection in Anshun Experimental District is as follows: tourism > pharmacy > transportation > energy > food processing > characteristic agriculture > package and printing > automobile industry > mining > electric engineering.

  8. SELECTION OF BUSINESS STRATEGIES FOR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT USING FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasun Das

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Fuzzy linguistic concepts are often used to enhance the traditional analytic hierarchy process (AHP in capturing the fuzziness and subjectiveness of decision makers' judgments. In this paper, fuzzy AHP methodology is adopted for selection of the strategies for business improvement in an Indian industry as a decision making problem. Due to simplicity and effectiveness, triangular fuzzy numbers are adopted as a reference to indicate the influence strength of each element in the hierarchy structure. The confidence level and the optimistic levels of multiple decision makers are captured by using ? -cut based fuzzy number methods. This fuzzy set theory based multi-attribute decision making method is found to be quite useful and effective in industrial environment.

  9. ANALYSIS OF SELECTION INDICATORS OF BADMINTON PLAYERS BY THE DELPHI METHOD AND ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han-Chen Huang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to clarify the selection standard of potential badminton players and construct an evaluation model of badminton players. Through literature review and the Delphi Method, this study validated the selection indicators of badminton team players: body type, physical qualities, physical functions, psychological qualities, and intelligence level, including a total of 17 detailed indicators. The researcher then interviewed badminton coaches and applied Analytic Hierarchy process (AHP to determine the importance of the indicators of potential badminton players for badminton coaches. A selection model of badminton players was constructed. The results can serve as reference for badminton coaches’ scientific and objective selection of players.

  10. USING THE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE USE OF GEO-RESOURCES IN METROPOLITAN AREAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Oswald MARINONI; Andreas HOPPE

    2006-01-01

    Sand and gravel are important raw materials which are needed for many civil engineering projects.Due to economic reasons, sand and gravelpits are frequently located in the periphery of metropolitan areas which are often subject to competing land-use interests. As a contribution to land-use conflict solving, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is applied within a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment. Two AHP preference matrix scenario constellations are evaluated and their results are used to create a land-use conflict map.

  11. Evaluation of Potential Manufacturing Suppliers Using Analytical Hierarchy Process and Cluster Analysis for Benchmarking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Adnan

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an assessment method for the potential outsourcees (suppliers in agreement with thebenchmark evaluated for a set of surveyed UK based companies. The results of the survey are orderedusing Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP and Cluster Analysis (CA. The partial and total evaluation score ofeach supplier is compared with the benchmark. The outsourcee that achieves the highest total score couldbe considered as the most suitable match. The result of integrating AHP and CA may be applied as aneffective method for matching and evaluating the right outsourcee in the manufacturing sector.

  12. INTEGRATING FACTOR ANALYSIS AND ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS FOR LIBRARY SERVICE QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Venkata Subbaiah

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper an attempt has been made to propose a methodology f or identifying and prioritizing the user needs pertaining to library services. I n order to categorize the user needs into quality dimensions, Factor analysis has been carried out on user responses obtained through questionnaire survey. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP is employed to determine the priority ratings of the library quality dimensions. The priority structure of the quality dimension s provides an idea for the library management to allocate the resources in an effective manner to achieve more user satisfaction. A case study is presented to demonstrate the proposed methodology.

  13. Sensitivity analysis of technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants using the analytic hierarchy process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants by use of the analytic hierarchy process and nine end node criteria for a reference scenario based on subjective criteria weighting has been presented in a previous paper by authors. However, criteria weight variations may substantially modify overall evaluations and rankings of power plants. The current paper presents a sensitivity analysis with four alternative scenarios (sets of criteria weights) compared with the reference scenario. The results show that priority to 'technology and sustainability' favors renewable energy power plants, while priority to 'economic' criteria favors mainly nuclear power plants and less the four types of fossil fuel power plant

  14. Sensitivity analysis of technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants using the analytic hierarchy process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants by use of the analytic hierarchy process and nine end node criteria for a reference scenario based on subjective criteria weighting has been presented in a previous paper by authors. However, criteria weight variations may substantially modify overall evaluations and rankings of power plants. The current paper presents a sensitivity analysis with four alternative scenarios (sets of criteria weights) compared with the reference scenario. The results show that priority to 'technology and sustainability' favors renewable energy power plants, while priority to 'economic' criteria favors mainly nuclear power plants and less the four types of fossil fuel power plant. (author)

  15. Analytic hierarchy process analysis for choosing a corporate social entrepreneurship strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadad Shahrazad

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available After conducting an extensive analysis of both the specialised literature and practice and identifying three types of corporate social entrepreneurship in my PhD thesis titled “Corporate social entrepreneurship - the new paradigm of reshaping and rethinking business”, I decided to determine which of the three approaches is mostly suited for the Romanian market. The three types of corporate social entrepreneurship: corporate social entrepreneurship as local development tool, corporate social entrepreneurship as market development tool, and corporate social entrepreneurship as transformational innovation tool were organised as the alternatives of a carefully constructed hierarchy having as criteria: return on investment (which does not necessarily refer to the money that the company invests in the strategy; the term is derived from sustainability and scalability, degree of novelty, pre-entry knowledge and interest in solving the communities’ social problems. The questionnaire constructed based on the hierarchy using analytic hierarchy processes was distributed to experts (business developers coming from the following industries or sectors: beverages, IT, banking, furniture, and automotive. The research reveals which is the approach most likely to be employed by Romanian business developers. The results may be inferred to the sum of businesses represented by the expert business developers who were part of the research.

  16. IMPLEMENTASI METODE DEMPSTER SHAFER ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS UNTUK PEMILIHAN PROGRAM STUDI CALON MAHASISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menur Wahyu Pangestika

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Methods Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to rank or sort information based on a number of criteria. DS/AHP advantage of Pairwise Comparison, Consistency Ratio, and Dempster Rule's of Combination, which is used to generate information systems in the form of a sequence of courses as consideration for the selection of majors for prospective students. The sample used in this study were 29 students of five faculty at the University of Diponegoro. The data used is the standard minimum value of each faculty and the average value of the semester report card 1-5 Mathematics, Indonesian, English, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Results of this study was the software selection study program that gives students the value of trust in each department. Testing the validity of the value of the accuracy of the system is done by comparing the majors were chosen with the recommendation majors produced by the system, resulting accuracy of 79.33%. Keywords : Dempster Shafer Analytic Hierarchy Process; Recommendations department; Standard minimum value; Average value report

  17. On the analytic hierarchy process and decision support based on fuzzy-linguistic preference structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Franco de los Rios, Camilo Andres

    2014-01-01

    , where experts value pairs of alternatives/criteria with words, making it essentially fuzzy under the view that words can be represented by fuzzy sets for their respective computation. Hence, reasoning with fuzzy logic is justified by the analytical framework that it offers to design the meaning of words......The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) has received different fuzzy formulations, where two main lines of research can be identified in literature. The most popular one refers to the Extent Analysis Method, which has been subject of recent criticism, among other things, due to a number...... of missaplications that it may lead to. The other approach refers to the Logarithmic Least Squares Method (LLSM), which offers a constrained optimization approach for estimating fuzzy weights, but fails to generalize the original AHP proposal. The fact remains that the AHP uses linguistic evaluations as input data...

  18. Use of Analytical Hierarchy Process Model (AHP in Landfill Site Selection of Semnan Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Ghanbari

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available "n "nBackgrounds and Objectives: Landfill site selection is an important action in integrated solid waste management process. Difference criteria should be paid attention in site selection, so using of special methods are necessary to assimilate the criteria. In this research, GIS software and Analytical Hierarchy Process were used."nMaterials and Methods: First of all, maps were built in considering to economical, social and environmental factors, in next step, each layer, was graded. Low grade showed non coordination or less coordination and high grade showed more coordination. "nResults: Assimilate of graded map in AHP process, separates area into unsuitable, suitable and very"nsuitable parts."nConclusion: Very suitable parts can have high priority in decision making and also suitable parts can have high priority for development projects in future.

  19. Evaluation Methodology for Advance Heat Exchanger Concepts Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piyush Sabharwall; Eung Soo Kim

    2012-07-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to aid in the development and selection of the secondary/process heat exchanger (SHX) for power production and process heat application for a Next Generation Nuclear Reactors (NGNR). The potential options for use as an SHX are explored such as shell and tube, printed circuit heat exchanger. A shell and tube (helical coiled) heat exchanger is a recommended for a demonstration reactor because of its reliability while the reactor design is being further developed. The basic setup for the selection of the SHX has been established with evaluation goals, alternatives, and criteria. This study describes how these criteria and the alternatives are evaluated using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP).

  20. Analytic hierarchy process helps select site for limestone quarry expansion in Barbados.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Prasanta Kumar; Ramcharan, Eugene K

    2008-09-01

    Site selection is a key activity for quarry expansion to support cement production, and is governed by factors such as resource availability, logistics, costs, and socio-economic-environmental factors. Adequate consideration of all the factors facilitates both industrial productivity and sustainable economic growth. This study illustrates the site selection process that was undertaken for the expansion of limestone quarry operations to support cement production in Barbados. First, alternate sites with adequate resources to support a 25-year development horizon were identified. Second, technical and socio-economic-environmental factors were then identified. Third, a database was developed for each site with respect to each factor. Fourth, a hierarchical model in analytic hierarchy process (AHP) framework was then developed. Fifth, the relative ranking of the alternate sites was then derived through pair wise comparison in all the levels and through subsequent synthesizing of the results across the hierarchy through computer software (Expert Choice). The study reveals that an integrated framework using the AHP can help select a site for the quarry expansion project in Barbados.

  1. Performance Evaluation of Bank Branches using Data Envelopment Analysis and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP/DEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younes Kholousi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation is the evaluation and assessment process of the existing situation. It determines how to achieve good status with the specified criteria in a specific period of time with the goal of continuous improvement of the organization performance. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA is one of the most effective and popular ways to evaluate performance. The basic DEA model does not rank overall and only classifies the options into two groups: efficient and inefficient. However, over the past 10 years, many efforts have been made to classify the options completely with the DEA. This research is another effort to use the concept of DEA in a complete ranking of options by one of the most common methods of multi-criteria decision making, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. AHP/DEA model which is investigated in this research is comprised of two stages. In this study, first the criteria are measured in comparison to each other and the paired comparisons matrix is obtained, using data envelopment analysis. Then, the most efficient branch is determined, using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Performance evaluation of branches is carried out based on the input and output values. In this study, four input criteria (cost of movable property, labor costs, administrative costs and the number of branch personnel and three output criteria (deposits, granted facilities and branch profits are used to evaluate the efficiency of bank branches in the period of Aban 1384 until Day 1385 for sixteen bank branches in Iran's Sistan and Baluchistan province, using WinQSB and Expert Choice software and the AHP/DEA model. Results showed that the three branches Alavi, Central and Joushkaran have the ranks highest weight respectively. In addition, the results indicated that the method of AHP/DEA is an efficient method for evaluating the performance and can improve the weaknesses of traditional DEA method.

  2. Manufacturing plant location selection in logistics network using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping-Yu Chang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In recent years, numerous companies have moved their manufacturing plants to China to capitalize on lower cost and tax. Plant location has such an impact on cost, stocks, and logistics network but location selection in the company is usually based on subjective preference of high ranking managers. Such a decision-making process might result in selecting a location with a lower fixed cost but a higher operational cost. Therefore, this research adapts real data from an electronics company to develop a framework that incorporates both quantitative and qualitative factors for selecting new plant locations. Design/methodology/approach: In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 high rank managers (7 of them are department manager, 2 of them are vice-president, 1 of them is senior engineer, and 2 of them are plant manager in the departments of construction, finance, planning, production, and warehouse to determine the important factors. A questionnaire survey is then conducted for comparing factors which are analyzed using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. Findings: Results show that the best location chosen by the developed framework coincides well with the company’s primal production base. The results have been presented to the company’s high ranking managers for realizing the accuracy of the framework. Positive responses of the managers indicate usefulness of implementing the proposed model into reality, which adds to the value of this research. Practical implications: The proposed framework can save numerous time-consuming meetings called to compromise opinions and conflictions from different departments in location selection. Originality/value: This paper adapts the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP to incorporate quantitative and qualitative factors which are obtained through in-depth interviews with high rank managers in a company into the location decision.

  3. Estimation of the soil strength parameters in Tertiary volcanic regolith (NE Turkey) using analytical hierarchy process

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hakan Ersoy; Melek Betül Karsli; Seda Çellek; Bilgehan Kul; Idris Baykan; Robert L Parsons

    2013-12-01

    Costly and time consuming testing techniques and the difficulties in providing undisturbed samples for these tests have led researchers to estimate strength parameters of soils with simple index tests. However, the paper focuses on estimation of strength parameters of soils as a function of the index properties. Analytical hierarchy process and multiple regression analysis based methodology were performed on datasets obtained from soil tests on 41 samples in Tertiary volcanic regolith. While the hierarchy model focused on determining the most important index properties affecting on strength parameters, regression analysis established meaningful relationships between strength parameters and index properties. The negative polynomial correlations between the friction angle and plasticity properties, and the positive exponential relations between the cohesion and plasticity properties were determined. These relations are characterized by a regression coefficient of 0.80. However, Terzaghi bearing capacity formulas were used to test the model. It is important to see whether there is any statistically significant relation between the calculated and the observed bearing capacity values for model testing. Based on the model, the positive linear correlation characterized by the regression coefficient of 0.86 were determined between bearing capacity values obtained by direct and indirect methods.

  4. Empirical investigation of radiologists' priorities for PACS selection: an analytical hierarchy process approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Vivek; Lee, Kyootai; Melson, David; Narra, Vamsi R

    2011-08-01

    Picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) are being widely adopted in radiology practice. The objective of this study was to find radiologists' perspective on the relative importance of the required features when selecting or developing a PACS. Important features for PACS were identified based on the literature and consultation/interviews with radiologists. These features were categorized and organized into a logical hierarchy consisting of the main dimensions and sub-dimensions. An online survey was conducted to obtain data from 58 radiologists about their relative preferences. Analytical hierarchy process methodology was used to determine the relative priority weights for different dimensions along with the consistency of responses. System continuity and functionality was found to be the most important dimension, followed by system performance and architecture, user interface for workflow management, user interface for image manipulation, and display quality. Among the sub-dimensions, the top two features were: security, backup, and downtime prevention; and voice recognition, transcription, and reporting. Structured reporting was also given very high priority. The results point to the dimensions that can be critical discriminators between different PACS and highlight the importance of faster integration of the emerging developments in radiology into PACS. PMID:20824302

  5. A hierarchical algorithm for cyberspace situational awareness based on analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The existing network security management systems are unable either to provide users with useful security situation and risk assessment, or to aid administrators to make right and timely decisions based on the current state of network. These disadvantages always put the whole network security management at high risk. This paper establishes a simulation environment, captures the alerts as the experimental data and adopts statistical analysis to seek the vulnerabilities of the services provided by the hosts in the network. According to the factors of the network, the paper introduces the two concepts: Situational Meta and Situational Weight to depict the total security situation. A novel hierarchical algorithm based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is proposed to analyze the hierarchy of network and confirm the weighting coefficients. The algorithm can be utilized for modeling security situation, and determining its mathematical expression. Coupled with the statistical results, this paper simulates the security situational trends.Finally, the analysis of the simulation results proves the algorithm efficient and applicable, and provides us with an academic foundation for the implementation in the security situation.

  6. EVALUATING THE SERVICE QUALITY OF THIRDPARTY LOGISTICS SERVICE PROVIDERS USING THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon-hoo So

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we apply the analytic hierarchy process (AHP to evaluate the service quality of third-party logistics (3PL service providers. We first conceptualize five dimensions of 3PL service quality (i.e. tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy. We then apply the AHP method to determine the relative weights of the five service quality dimensions and eventually select the best 3PL service provider. To implement this idea in practice, we conduct an empirical case study on four companies providing 3PL services in Korea. The results indicate that Responsiveness out of the five service quality dimensions is the most important factor in the perception of 3PL customers.

  7. Integrasi Taguchi Loss Function dengan Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process dalam Pemilih Pemasok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad S. Indrapriyatna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available One important issue in the line production is the selection of the company's best supplier. Various criteria should be considered for determining the best supplier. Answering to that challenge, we apply Taguchi loss function- Analytical Hierarchy Process Fuzzy-Linear Programming (Taguchi loss function-Fuzzy AHP to find out the best supplier. Moreover, we also consider multiple criteria, i.e., goods’ completeness, quality, delivery, and quality loss in that analysis. By maximizing the suppliers’ performances based on each criterion and aggregated the suppliers’ performances based on the overall criteria, we selected the best one. Applying this method for selecting the best pressure gauge’s supplier in PT. Coca Cola Bottling Indonesia Central Sumatera (PT. CCBICS, we found out that among three suppliers, the second supplier is the best one.

  8. Prioritization of Integrated Bicycle Network Clusters in Istanbul Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek Çol Yılmaz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the impact of the integration of nonmotorized transport and public transport on hypermobility was evaluated. The role of bicycle in non-motorized transportation, and its contribution to sustainable travel goals were examined. A decision support model was established in order to plan the phases of a bicycle network integrated with the public transport sytem in Istanbul Metropolitan Area. Data such as public transport routes planned for the target year 2023, locations of transfer centers, number of passengers at transfer centers, and a revised bicycle network were used as layers for the Geographic Information Systems (GIS map produced. Based on the survey data collected from the experts, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP which is a multi-criteria decision-making procedure that contains both qualitative and quantitative factors was used to prioritize the bicycle network clusters integrated with public transport system in Istanbul.

  9. Improving analytic hierarchy process applied to fire risk analysis of public building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Long; ZHANG RuiFang; XIE QiYuan; FU LiHua

    2009-01-01

    The structure importance in Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) reflects how important Basic Events are to Top Event.Attribute at alternative level in Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) also reflect its importance to general goal.Based on the coherence of these two methods,an improved AHP is put forward.Using this improved method,how important the attribute is to the fire safety of public building can be ana-lyzed more credibly because of the reduction of subjective judgment.Olympic venues are very impor-tant public buildings in China.The fire safety evaluation of them will be a big issue to engineers.Im-proved AHP is a useful tool to the safety evaluation to these Olympic venues,and it will guide the evaluation in other areas.

  10. Priority survey between indicators and analytic hierarchy process analysis for green chemistry technology assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sungjune; Hong, Seokpyo; Ahn, Kilsoo; Gong, Sungyong

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study presents the indicators and proxy variables for the quantitative assessment of green chemistry technologies and evaluates the relative importance of each assessment element by consulting experts from the fields of ecology, chemistry, safety, and public health. Methods The results collected were subjected to an analytic hierarchy process to obtain the weights of the indicators and the proxy variables. Results These weights may prove useful in avoiding having to resort to qualitative means in absence of weights between indicators when integrating the results of quantitative assessment by indicator. Conclusions This study points to the limitations of current quantitative assessment techniques for green chemistry technologies and seeks to present the future direction for quantitative assessment of green chemistry technologies. PMID:26206364

  11. Evaluation of Ecological Environment in Jingxin Wetland Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN; Hui; ZHAO; Hai-qing; GUO; Xiao-dong; DU; Ji-zhong

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The study aimed to assess the ecological environment in Jingxin wetland using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). [Method]Based on the field survey on Jingxin wetland in the downstream of Tumen River, as well as domestic and international indicators and methods of wetland ecological evaluation, ten indicators reflecting the environmental protection function, functions of the ecological system and social and cultural value of the wetland were selected to evaluate the ecological environment of Jingxin wetland using AHP. [Result] The comprehensive evaluation index ( CEI ) of Jingxin wetland was 0.7124, namely 0.7

  12. Evaluation of Ecological Environment in Jingxin Wetland Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN; Hui; ZHAO; Hai-qing; GUO; Xiao-dong; DU; Ji-zhong

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The study aimed to assess the ecological environment in Jingxin wetland using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). [Method]Based on the field survey on Jingxin wetland in the downstream of Tumen River, as well as domestic and international indicators and methods of wetland ecological evaluation, ten indicators reflecting the environmental protection function, functions of the ecological system and social and cultural value of the wetland were selected to evaluate the ecological environment of Jingxin wetland using AHP. [Result] The comprehensive evaluation index ( CEI ) of Jingxin wetland was 0.7124, namely 0.7CEI≤1.0, showing that the ecological environment in Jingxin wetland was better on the whole. Among the ten indicators, the functions of regulating flood, water supply, climate regulation, tourism and being an important animal habitat played important roles in the determination of the wetland value. [Conclusion]The research could provide theoretical foundations for the protection of ecological environment in Jingxin wetland.

  13. Determination of Teaching Methods in Chemistry Education by the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YÜKSE

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the relative importance of the topics of the chemistry course for the 9th grade of the secondary education and their teaching methods for an effective chemistry course have been determined by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP technique. The AHP model of the research have been composed based on the topics in the chemistry course for the 9th grade and pair wise comparison matrix have been determined according to teachers’ view. As a result of the study, relative importance of the topics of the chemistry course as per percentage are compounds (47.8 %, chemical changes (26.5 %, chemical mixture (13.6 %, the development of chemistry (6.3 %, chemistry in our lives (5.8 %. The relative percentages of the teaching methods are narrative (32 %, demonstration (24.9 %, laboratory (18.9 %, question and answer (15.2 %, project work (9 %.

  14. Using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP to evaluate web development platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Sarfaraz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Web development is plays an important role on business plans and people's lives. One of the key decisions in which both short-term and long-term success of the project depends is choosing the right development platform. Its criticality can be judged by the fact that once a platform is chosen, one has to live with it throughout the software development life cycle. The entire shape of the project depends on the language, operating system, tools, frameworks etc., in short the web development platform chosen. In addition, choosing the right platform is a multi criteria decision making (MCDM problem. We propose a fuzzy analytical hierarchy process model to solve the MCDM problem. We try to tap the real-life modeling potential of fuzzy logic and conjugate it with the commonly used powerful AHP modeling method.

  15. Group decision making with the analytic hierarchy process in benefit-risk assessment: a tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummel, J Marjan; Bridges, John F P; IJzerman, Maarten J

    2014-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been increasingly applied as a technique for multi-criteria decision analysis in healthcare. The AHP can aid decision makers in selecting the most valuable technology for patients, while taking into account multiple, and even conflicting, decision criteria. This tutorial illustrates the procedural steps of the AHP in supporting group decision making about new healthcare technology, including (1) identifying the decision goal, decision criteria, and alternative healthcare technologies to compare, (2) structuring the decision criteria, (3) judging the value of the alternative technologies on each decision criterion, (4) judging the importance of the decision criteria, (5) calculating group judgments, (6) analyzing the inconsistency in judgments, (7) calculating the overall value of the technologies, and (8) conducting sensitivity analyses. The AHP is illustrated via a hypothetical example, adapted from an empirical AHP analysis on the benefits and risks of tissue regeneration to repair small cartilage lesions in the knee.

  16. Combining the Analytical Hierarchy Process and the Genetic Algorithm to Solve the Timetable Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihab Sbeity

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The main problems of school course timetabling are time, curriculum, and classrooms. In addition there are other problems that vary from one institution to another. This paper is intended to solve the problem of satisfying the teachers’ preferred schedule in a way that regards the importance of the teacher to the supervising institute, i.e. his score according to some criteria. Genetic algorithm (GA has been presented as an elegant method in solving timetable problem (TTP in order to produce solutions with no conflict. In this paper, we consider the analytic hierarchy process (AHP to efficiently obtain a score for each teacher, and consequently produce a GA-based TTP solution that satisfies most of the teachers’ preferences

  17. Energy Efficiency Evaluation Based on Data Envelopment Analysis Integrated Analytic Hierarchy Process in Ethylene Production☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongming Han; Zhiqiang Geng; Qiyu Liu

    2014-01-01

    Energy efficiency data from ethylene production equipment are of high dimension, dynamic and time sequential, so their evaluation is af ected by many factors. Abnormal data from ethylene production are eliminated through consisten-cy test, making the data consumption uniform to improve the comparability of data. Due to the limit of input and output data of decision making unit in data envelopment analysis (DEA), the energy efficiency data from the same technology in a certain year are disposed monthly using DEA. The DEA data of energy efficiency from the same technology are weighted and fused using analytic hierarchy process. The energy efficiency data from different technologies are evalu-ated by their relative ef ectiveness to find the direction of energy saving and consumption reduction.

  18. Analytic hierarchy process as module for productivity evaluation and decision-making of the operation theater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezzat, Abdelrahman E M; Hamoud, Hesham S

    2016-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgments of experts to derive priority scales, these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms. The aim of the article was to develop a model for productivity measurement of the operation theater (OT), which could be applied as a model for quality improvement and decision-making. AHP is used in this article to evolve such a model. The steps consist of identifying the critical success factors for measuring the productivity of OT, identifying subfactors that inflauence the critical factors, comparing the pairwise, deriving their relative importance and ratings, and calculating the cumulative effect according to the attributes in OT. The cumulative productivitycan be calculated by the end and can be compared Ideal productivity to measure the productive of OT in percentage fraction. Hence, the productivity could be calculated. Hence, AHP is a very useful model to measure the productivity in OT. PMID:26955599

  19. Prioritizing the client trust factors in electronic banking using analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein vazifedust

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper prioritizes the trust factors among electronic banking clients of an Iranian bank named Parsian Bank. The study first analyzes and reviews the literature and interviews with experts of electronic banking and academicians and determines client trust as the most important factor for development of electronic banking. The study also determines different factors associated with trust, which includes individual factors, banking factors and infrastructural factors. The sample populations consist of 25 experts who are academicians, managers and bank officers, clients of electronic banking. The necessary data was collected through conducting interviews and questionnaires and they are analyzed using analytic hierarchy process (AHP. The research findings indicate that the attitudinal factors, telecommunication infrastructure and cultural factors were the most influential factors accordingly and the customer orientation and ease of access were the least influential factors.

  20. Competence Making on Computer Engineering Program by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Yani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows competence election for the students of the Academy of Information Management and Computer (AIMC Mataram on computer engineering courses who completed the study in semester 1, 2 and 3 and choose lesson competence. The competence election on computer engineering courses is intended to make students get easier in choosing the appropriate competence and professional expertise of students in an effort to steer students to the ability and the students' academic achievement. It is an uneasy thing for the students. Limited information make the students find it difficult to choose the competence of determining the best based on the academic achievement and interest. To solve the problems, standard decision support system is required to help and provide a solution or an alternative based on the accurate data by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP that is computerized.

  1. Technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants using the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complexity of power plant evaluation is steadily rising, as more criteria are involved in the overall assessment while evaluation data change rapidly. Apart from evaluating several aspects of power plants separately, a multicriteria analysis based on hierarchically structured criteria is necessary, so as to address the overall assessment of power plants according to the technological, economic and sustainability aspects. For this reason, in this paper, ten types of power plant are evaluated using nine end node criteria properly structured under the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Moreover, pairwise comparisons allow for accurate subjective criteria weighting. According to the scenario based on the subjective criteria weighting, emphasis is laid on sustainability driving renewable energy power plants at the top of the overall ranking, while nuclear and fossil fuel power plants rank in the last five positions. End node criteria contribution to each power plant and power plant performance per end node criterion is presented for all types of power plant and end node criteria

  2. Technological, economic and sustainability evaluation of power plants using the analytic hierarchy process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complexity of power plant evaluation is steadily rising, as more criteria are involved in the overall assessment while evaluation data change rapidly. Apart from evaluating several aspects of power plants separately, a multicriteria analysis based on hierarchically structured criteria is necessary, so as to address the overall assessment of power plants according to the technological, economic and sustainability aspects. For this reason, in this paper, ten types of power plant are evaluated using nine end node criteria properly structured under the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Moreover, pairwise comparisons allow for accurate subjective criteria weighting. According to the scenario based on the subjective criteria weighting, emphasis is laid on sustainability driving renewable energy power plants at the top of the overall ranking, while nuclear and fossil fuel power plants rank in the last five positions. End node criteria contribution to each power plant and power plant performance per end node criterion is presented for all types of power plant and end node criteria. (author)

  3. Prioritizing the countries for BOT nuclear power project using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes factors influencing the success of BOT nuclear power projects and their weighting method using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to find the optimal country which developer intends to develop. To summarize, this analytic method enable the developer to select and focus on the country which has preferable circumstance so that it enhances the efficiency of the project promotion by minimizing the opportunity cost. Also, it enables the developer to quantify the qualitative factors so that it diversifies the project success strategy and policy for the targeted country. Although the performance of this study is insufficient due to the limitation of time, small sampling and security of materials, it still has the possibility to improve the analytic model more systematically through further study with more data. Developing Build-Own(or Operate)-Transfer (BOT) nuclear power project carrying large capital in the long term requires initially well-made multi-decision which it prevents sorts of risks from unexpected situation of targeted countries. Moreover, the nuclear power project in most case is practically implemented by Government to Government cooperation, so the key concern for such nuclear power project would be naturally focused on the country situation rather than project viability at planning stage. In this regard, it requires the evaluation of targeted countries before involving the project, comprehensive and proper decision making for complex judgment factors, and efficient integration of expert's opinions, etc. Therefore, prioritizing and evaluating the feasibility of country for identification of optimal project region is very meaningful study

  4. Multi criteria decision making to select the suitable method for the preparation of nanoparticles using an analytical hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velmurugan, R; Selvamuthukumar, S; Manavalan, R

    2011-11-01

    Selecting the right method for the preparation of nanoparticles is a crucial decision. A wrong decision can result in the product having to be formulated and developed again. One tool that can be useful in determining the most appropriate method is the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). AHP has been employed in almost all areas related to decision-making problems. In this paper, the results of a case study illustrate that the AHP concept can assist designers in the effective evaluation of various methods available for the preparation of nanoparticles. This paper presents the methodology of selecting the most suitable method for preparing nanoparticles using the analytical hierarchy process.

  5. Determinants of Customers` Churn Decision in the Nigeria Telecommunication Industry: An Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulaimon Olanrewaju Adebiyi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP for unraveling customers’ motivation for churn of telecommunication network in Nigeria. By identifying, modeling and measuring of customers` churn motivations across four mobile telecommunication service providers in Nigeria. AHP was used to design a hierarchical model of seven criteria for customers` churning of network and investigates the relative priorities of the criteria through a pairwise comparison. The questionnaire were administered through convenient sampling to 480 mobile telecommunication customers and was completed and returned by 438 mobile phone subscribers in Lagos state, Nigeria, but only 408 copies were useful for the analysis of this study. The result shows that six out of the seven criteria have weight above 10% in their individual contribution to motivating customer churn behavior in the Nigeria telecommunication industry. The inefficient data/ internet plan criterion has the highest weight of 18.81% relative to the churn decision. Thus, AHP effectively supported modeling and analyzing subscribers` motivation toward good marketing decision for both the individual and the organization. It helps in developing an analytic and intelligible framework of decision-making on complex problem of customer churn in an emerging market like Nigeria

  6. Analytical Hierarchy Process for Developing a Building Performance-Risk Rating Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalil Natasha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The need to optimize the performance of buildings has increased consequently due to the expansive supply of facilities in higher education building (HEB. Proper performance assessment as a proactive measure may help university building in achieving performance optimization. However, the current maintenance programs or performance evaluation in the HEB is a systemic and cyclic process where maintenance is considered as an operational issue and not as opposed to a strategic issue. Hence, this paper proposed a Building Performance Risk Rating Tool (BPRT as an improved measure for building performance evaluation by addressing the users' risk in health and safety aspects. The BPRT is developed from the result of a rating index using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. 12 facilities management (FM experts and practitioners were involved in the rating process. The subjective weightings are analysed using the AHP computer software, the Expert Choice 11. The establishment of the BPRT was introduced as an aid of improvement towards the current performance assessment of HEB by emerging the concept of building performance and risk into a numerical strategic approach

  7. Marketing Mix Formulation for Higher Education: An Integrated Analysis Employing Analytic Hierarchy Process, Cluster Analysis and Correspondence Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Hsuan-Fu; Hung, Chia-Chi

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how a graduate institute at National Chiayi University (NCYU), by using a model that integrates analytic hierarchy process, cluster analysis and correspondence analysis, can develop effective marketing strategies. Design/methodology/approach: This is primarily a quantitative study aimed at…

  8. A comparison of analytic hierarchy process and conjoint analysis methods in assessing treatment alternatives for stroke rehabilitation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    IJzerman, M.J.; Til, van J.A.; Bridges, J.F.P.

    2012-01-01

    Background: With growing emphasis on patient involvement in health technology assessment, there is a need for scientific methods that formally elicit patient preferences. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and conjoint analysis (CA) are two established scientific methods – albeit with very different o

  9. Prioritizing the countries for BOT nuclear power project using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sun Woo; Roh, Myung Sub [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    This paper proposes factors influencing the success of BOT nuclear power projects and their weighting method using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to find the optimal country which developer intends to develop. To summarize, this analytic method enable the developer to select and focus on the country which has preferable circumstance so that it enhances the efficiency of the project promotion by minimizing the opportunity cost. Also, it enables the developer to quantify the qualitative factors so that it diversifies the project success strategy and policy for the targeted country. Although the performance of this study is insufficient due to the limitation of time, small sampling and security of materials, it still has the possibility to improve the analytic model more systematically through further study with more data. Developing Build-Own(or Operate)-Transfer (BOT) nuclear power project carrying large capital in the long term requires initially well-made multi-decision which it prevents sorts of risks from unexpected situation of targeted countries. Moreover, the nuclear power project in most case is practically implemented by Government to Government cooperation, so the key concern for such nuclear power project would be naturally focused on the country situation rather than project viability at planning stage. In this regard, it requires the evaluation of targeted countries before involving the project, comprehensive and proper decision making for complex judgment factors, and efficient integration of expert's opinions, etc. Therefore, prioritizing and evaluating the feasibility of country for identification of optimal project region is very meaningful study.

  10. An experimental comparison of fuzzy logic and analytic hierarchy process for medical decision support systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzoka, Faith-Michael Emeka; Obot, Okure; Barker, Ken; Osuji, J

    2011-07-01

    The task of medical diagnosis is a complex one, considering the level vagueness and uncertainty management, especially when the disease has multiple symptoms. A number of researchers have utilized the fuzzy-analytic hierarchy process (fuzzy-AHP) methodology in handling imprecise data in medical diagnosis and therapy. The fuzzy logic is able to handle vagueness and unstructuredness in decision making, while the AHP has the ability to carry out pairwise comparison of decision elements in order to determine their importance in the decision process. This study attempts to do a case comparison of the fuzzy and AHP methods in the development of medical diagnosis system, which involves basic symptoms elicitation and analysis. The results of the study indicate a non-statistically significant relative superiority of the fuzzy technology over the AHP technology. Data collected from 30 malaria patients were used to diagnose using AHP and fuzzy logic independent of one another. The results were compared and found to covary strongly. It was also discovered from the results of fuzzy logic diagnosis covary a little bit more strongly to the conventional diagnosis results than that of AHP.

  11. APPLICATION OF ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS TO ASSESSING THE ECOLOGICAL VULNERABILITY OF WETLANDS IN THE JIANGHAN PLAIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xue-lei; NING Long-mei; HU Wang-bin

    2003-01-01

    Wetlands in the Jianghan Plain are important components of wetland types in lake area in the middle and lower reaches the Changjiang (Yangtze) River and they fulfill many uses and functions related to hydrology,waste assimilation, ecosystem productivity and biodiversity. Owing to natural factors and human activities, especially excessive reclamation from lakes, the shrinking process of the lakes has been accelerated. Wetland ecosystem has shown the characteristics of vulnerability. According to the analysis of wetland ecological function in the Jianghan Plain, this paper presented an index system related to productivity, stability and environmental capacity. By using the method of Analytic Hierarchy Process, we computed the values of the relative weights of the indexes, and evaluated the vulnerability level of the wetland ecosystem by the method of multi-indexes. The case study showed that the fragile extent of wetland ecosystem in the Jianghan Plain is 5.6. This means that the wetland ecosystem in the Jiang-han Plain is laid to the state of middle vulnerability. Therefore, the wetland conservation and eco-rehabilitation in the Jianghan Plain should be paid attention to.

  12. A improved fuzzy analytic hierarchy process application in prevention high temperature corrosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Haiyu; Xiong, Xiaohe; Niu, Yanqing; Xu, Tongmo [Xi' an Jiaotong Univ. (China). School of Energy and Power Engineering; Tan, Houzhang [Xi' an Jiaotong Univ. (China). School of Energy and Power Engineering; Leeds Univ. (United Kingdom). CFD Centre/SPEME; Yao, Linzhi [Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China); Ma, Lin [Leeds Univ. (United Kingdom). CFD Centre/SPEME

    2013-07-01

    The mechanism of formation of high temperature corrosion in large scale utility boilers is complex and involves numerous interrelated influencing factors. The fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) has been employed in this chapter to make quantitative computations of the factors that influence the formation of the corrosion. When constructing the fuzzy judgment matrix, an affecting degree table of influencing factors was worked out first. Then the score of a pair-wise comparison was computed from a proposed expression r{sub ij} = x - y + 0.5. This improved method was applied to the analysis of the high temperature corrosion problem of a 215 MW coal-fired utility boiler, combining with in-site test data. The weights of the influencing factors were determined quantitatively and the main influencing factors were found out. Based on the calculated results, various adjustments to the combustion processes were made and, as a result, high temperature corrosion on the water wall tubes has been found largely reduced on the schedule shutdown of the boiler half year later. Moreover, a real-time high temperature corrosion detection technique can be developed based on the method reported in this chapter.

  13. ANALYSIS OF SELECTION INDICATORS OF BADMINTON PLAYERS BY THE DELPHI METHOD AND ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Han-Chen Huang; Chun-Ta Lin,; Chia-Sen Hu

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to clarify the selection standard of potential badminton players and construct an evaluation model of badminton players. Through literature review and the Delphi Method, this study validated the selection indicators of badminton team players: body type, physical qualities, physical functions, psychological qualities, and intelligence level, including a total of 17 detailed indicators. The researcher then interviewed badminton coaches and applied Analytic Hierarchy ...

  14. Assessment of economic instruments for countries with low municipal waste management performance: An approach based on the analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kling, Maximilian; Seyring, Nicole; Tzanova, Polia

    2016-09-01

    Economic instruments provide significant potential for countries with low municipal waste management performance in decreasing landfill rates and increasing recycling rates for municipal waste. In this research, strengths and weaknesses of landfill tax, pay-as-you-throw charging systems, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility schemes are compared, focusing on conditions in countries with low waste management performance. In order to prioritise instruments for implementation in these countries, the analytic hierarchy process is applied using results of a literature review as input for the comparison. The assessment reveals that pay-as-you-throw is the most preferable instrument when utility-related criteria are regarded (wb = 0.35; analytic hierarchy process distributive mode; absolute comparison) mainly owing to its waste prevention effect, closely followed by landfill tax (wb = 0.32). Deposit-refund systems (wb = 0.17) and extended producer responsibility (wb = 0.16) rank third and fourth, with marginal differences owing to their similar nature. When cost-related criteria are additionally included in the comparison, landfill tax seems to provide the highest utility-cost ratio. Data from literature concerning cost (contrary to utility-related criteria) is currently not sufficiently available for a robust ranking according to the utility-cost ratio. In general, the analytic hierarchy process is seen as a suitable method for assessing economic instruments in waste management. Independent from the chosen analytic hierarchy process mode, results provide valuable indications for policy-makers on the application of economic instruments, as well as on their specific strengths and weaknesses. Nevertheless, the instruments need to be put in the country-specific context along with the results of this analytic hierarchy process application before practical decisions are made. PMID:27121417

  15. Evaluation of generic types of drilling fluid using a risk-based analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadiq, Rehan; Husain, Tahir; Veitch, Brian; Bose, Neil

    2003-12-01

    The composition of drilling muds is based on a mixture of clays and additives in a base fluid. There are three generic categories of base fluid--water, oil, and synthetic. Water-based fluids (WBFs) are relatively environmentally benign, but drilling performance is better with oil-based fluids (OBFs). The oil and gas industry developed synthetic-based fluids (SBFs), such as vegetable esters, olefins, ethers, and others, which provide drilling performance comparable to OBFs, but with lower environmental and occupational health effects. The primary objective of this paper is to present a methodology to guide decision-making in the selection and evaluation of three generic types of drilling fluids using a risk-based analytic hierarchy process (AHP). In this paper a comparison of drilling fluids is made considering various activities involved in the life cycle of drilling fluids. This paper evaluates OBFs, WBFs, and SBFs based on four major impacts--operations, resources, economics, and liabilities. Four major activities--drilling, discharging offshore, loading and transporting, and disposing onshore--cause the operational impacts. Each activity involves risks related to occupational injuries (safety), general public health, environmental impact, and energy use. A multicriteria analysis strategy was used for the selection and evaluation of drilling fluids using a risk-based AHP. A four-level hierarchical structure is developed to determine the final relative scores, and the SBFs are found to be the best option. PMID:15160901

  16. Evaluating Defense Architecture Frameworks for C4I System Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah S. Alghamdi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I Systems provided situational awareness about operational environment and supported in decision making and directed to operative environment. These systems had been used by various agencies like defense, police, investigation, road, rail, airports, oil and gas related department. However, the increase use of C4I system had made it more important and attractive. Consequently interest in design and development of C4I system had increased among the researchers. Many defense industry frameworks were available but the problem was a suitable selection of a framework in design and development of C4I system. Approach: This study described the concepts, tool and methodology being used for evaluation analysis of different frameworks by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. Results: We had compared different defense industry frameworks like Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DODAF, Ministry of Defense Architecture Framework (MODAF and NATO Architecture Framework (NAF and found that AHP is fairly good tool in terms of analysis. Conclusion: Different defense industry frameworks such as DODAF, MODAF and NAF had been evaluated and compared using AHP.

  17. A CRITICAL STUDY AND COMPARISON OF MANUFACTURING SIMULATION SOFTWARES USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASHU GUPTA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In a period of continuous change in global business environment, organizations, large and small, are finding it increasingly difficult to deal with, and adjust to the demands for such change. Simulation is a powerful tool for allowing designers imagines new systems and enabling them to both quantify and observe behavior. Currently the market offers a variety of simulation software packages. Some are less expensive than others. Some are generic and can be used in a wide variety of application areas while others are more specific. Some have powerful features for modeling while others provide only basic features. Modeling approaches and strategies are different for different packages. Companies are seeking advice about the desirable features of software for manufacturing simulation, depending on the purpose of its use. Because of this, the importance of an adequate approach to simulation software evaluation and comparison is apparent. This paper presents a critical evaluation of four widely used manufacturing simulators: NX-IDEAS, Star-CD, Micro Saint Sharp and ProModel. Following a review of research into simulation software evaluation, an evaluation and comparison of the above simulators is performed. This paper illustrates and assesses the role the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP played in simulation software evaluation and selection. The main purpose of this evaluation and comparison is to discover the suitability of certain types of simulators for particular purposes.

  18. Applying analytic hierarchy process to assess healthcare-oriented cloud computing service systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Wen-Hwa; Qiu, Wan-Li

    2016-01-01

    Numerous differences exist between the healthcare industry and other industries. Difficulties in the business operation of the healthcare industry have continually increased because of the volatility and importance of health care, changes to and requirements of health insurance policies, and the statuses of healthcare providers, which are typically considered not-for-profit organizations. Moreover, because of the financial risks associated with constant changes in healthcare payment methods and constantly evolving information technology, healthcare organizations must continually adjust their business operation objectives; therefore, cloud computing presents both a challenge and an opportunity. As a response to aging populations and the prevalence of the Internet in fast-paced contemporary societies, cloud computing can be used to facilitate the task of balancing the quality and costs of health care. To evaluate cloud computing service systems for use in health care, providing decision makers with a comprehensive assessment method for prioritizing decision-making factors is highly beneficial. Hence, this study applied the analytic hierarchy process, compared items related to cloud computing and health care, executed a questionnaire survey, and then classified the critical factors influencing healthcare cloud computing service systems on the basis of statistical analyses of the questionnaire results. The results indicate that the primary factor affecting the design or implementation of optimal cloud computing healthcare service systems is cost effectiveness, with the secondary factors being practical considerations such as software design and system architecture.

  19. BENEFITS AND COSTS IN SELECTING FUEL FOR MUNICIPALITY HEATING SYSTEMS WITH THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Miros(l)aw DYTCZAK; Grzegorz GINDA

    2006-01-01

    Municipal economy problems are of a complex nature. Existing requirements for sustainable development make us apply various criteria while solving these problems. These can, for example,include economic, financial, social and environmental criteria. To handle them effectively,multi-criteria analysis should be applied. Decisions about heat production and delivery systems belong to such multidisciplinary problems. They were usually resolved in the past using classical numerical methodology that took into account only the technical and economic merits of the various alternatives.By applying multi-criteria tools instead it is possible to obtain more realistic results and make more effective decisions. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) seems to be a good alternative to fill the existing gap between decision-making as it is actually practiced and the traditional methods when applied to selecting district heating (DH) systems. This paper presents such an application. Our application is to select the best heat energy source for a DH system for a medium sized city located in Poland. Our results led to an interesting conclusion with regard to the best heat energy source. Our results suggest that intensifying the effort to make widespread the use of more efficient, but financially more costly, energy sources is the best.

  20. Applying analytic hierarchy process to assess healthcare-oriented cloud computing service systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Wen-Hwa; Qiu, Wan-Li

    2016-01-01

    Numerous differences exist between the healthcare industry and other industries. Difficulties in the business operation of the healthcare industry have continually increased because of the volatility and importance of health care, changes to and requirements of health insurance policies, and the statuses of healthcare providers, which are typically considered not-for-profit organizations. Moreover, because of the financial risks associated with constant changes in healthcare payment methods and constantly evolving information technology, healthcare organizations must continually adjust their business operation objectives; therefore, cloud computing presents both a challenge and an opportunity. As a response to aging populations and the prevalence of the Internet in fast-paced contemporary societies, cloud computing can be used to facilitate the task of balancing the quality and costs of health care. To evaluate cloud computing service systems for use in health care, providing decision makers with a comprehensive assessment method for prioritizing decision-making factors is highly beneficial. Hence, this study applied the analytic hierarchy process, compared items related to cloud computing and health care, executed a questionnaire survey, and then classified the critical factors influencing healthcare cloud computing service systems on the basis of statistical analyses of the questionnaire results. The results indicate that the primary factor affecting the design or implementation of optimal cloud computing healthcare service systems is cost effectiveness, with the secondary factors being practical considerations such as software design and system architecture. PMID:27441149

  1. Selection of overburden surface mining method in West Virginia by analytical hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Timothy A.Nolan; Vladislav Kecojevic

    2014-01-01

    The broad objective of this research was to improve current surface mining practices and reduce negative environmental impact of overburden removal in West Virginia (WV). The specific objectives were to (i) compare con-ventional surface mining method (drilling, blasting, digging, and loading) to a surface miner (SM) method, and (ii) apply the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to help select the optimal mining method based on production, cost and envi-ronmental criteria. The design and the procedures used in this research involve five interrelated modules:(i) rock properties of overburden in WV, (ii) drilling and blasting, (iii) digging and loading, (iv) SM method, and (v) comparative analysis and selection of the optimal mining method by AHP. Results of this research indicate that application of SM method would yield higher cost of overburden removal than conventional mining methods in rocks with a high unconfined compressive strength and abrasivity. A significant advantage of SM method, where applicable, is the elimination of the negative environmental impacts associated with blasting.

  2. Use of the analytic hierarchy process for medication decision-making in type 2 diabetes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisa M Maruthur

    Full Text Available To investigate the feasibility and utility of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP for medication decision-making in type 2 diabetes.We conducted an AHP with nine diabetes experts using structured interviews to rank add-on therapies (to metformin for type 2 diabetes. During the AHP, participants compared treatment alternatives relative to eight outcomes (hemoglobin A1c-lowering and seven potential harms and the relative importance of the different outcomes. The AHP model and instrument were pre-tested and pilot-tested prior to use. Results were discussed and an evaluation of the AHP was conducted during a group session. We conducted the quantitative analysis using Expert Choice software with the ideal mode to determine the priority of treatment alternatives.Participants judged exenatide to be the best add-on therapy followed by sitagliptin, sulfonylureas, and then pioglitazone. Maximizing benefit was judged 21% more important than minimizing harm. Minimizing severe hypoglycemia was judged to be the most important harm to avoid. Exenatide was the best overall alternative if the importance of minimizing harms was prioritized completely over maximizing benefits. Participants reported that the AHP improved transparency, consistency, and an understanding of others' perspectives and agreed that the results reflected the views of the group.The AHP is feasible and useful to make decisions about diabetes medications. Future studies which incorporate stakeholder preferences should evaluate other decision contexts, objectives, and treatments.

  3. Selection of reference standard during method development using the analytical hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wan-yang; Tong, Ling; Li, Dong-xiang; Huang, Jing-yi; Zhou, Shui-ping; Sun, Henry; Bi, Kai-shun

    2015-03-25

    Reference standard is critical for ensuring reliable and accurate method performance. One important issue is how to select the ideal one from the alternatives. Unlike the optimization of parameters, the criteria of the reference standard are always immeasurable. The aim of this paper is to recommend a quantitative approach for the selection of reference standard during method development based on the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) as a decision-making tool. Six alternative single reference standards were assessed in quantitative analysis of six phenolic acids from Salvia Miltiorrhiza and its preparations by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography. The AHP model simultaneously considered six criteria related to reference standard characteristics and method performance, containing feasibility to obtain, abundance in samples, chemical stability, accuracy, precision and robustness. The priority of each alternative was calculated using standard AHP analysis method. The results showed that protocatechuic aldehyde is the ideal reference standard, and rosmarinic acid is about 79.8% ability as the second choice. The determination results successfully verified the evaluation ability of this model. The AHP allowed us comprehensive considering the benefits and risks of the alternatives. It was an effective and practical tool for optimization of reference standards during method development. PMID:25636165

  4. Devising a framework for energy education in Taiwan using the analytic hierarchy process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research has indicated that incorporating carbon reduction in the curriculum could improve awareness about energy conservation and related practices. Much research has been conducted on curriculum design and evaluation methods for energy education. However, a comprehensive view of the educational objectives for improving energy literacy is still lacking in these efforts. In this study, we propose a framework for energy education that clearly captures the concept of energy saving and carbon reduction by reviewing related literature and consulting an ad hoc panel of experts on energy and education. We then apply the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to determine the indicators of the framework and their priority or weights. The results show that the dimensions of “civic responsibility for a sustainable society” and “low-carbon lifestyle” are considered most important as an energy educational goal. Among the indicators, “awareness and self-efficacy” and “identifying carbon-less technology and action plans” are ranked first and second. Application of this framework in K-12 curriculum and relevant educational issues are recommended. - Highlights: ► We propose a comprehensive framework for energy education that captures the concepts of “energy saving and carbon reduction”. ► We determine the conceptual indicators and their priority and weights. ► Civic responsibility for a sustainable society is the most important dimension as an education goal in the framework. ► Awareness and self-efficacy is the most important indicator as a curriculum objective

  5. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-based Chinese Resident Best Fitness Behavior Method Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Lan

    2015-01-01

    With explosive development in Chinese economy and science and technology, people's pursuit of health becomes more and more intense, therefore Chinese resident sports fitness activities have been rapidly developed. However, different fitness events popularity degrees and effects on body energy consumption are different, so bases on this, the paper researches on fitness behaviors and gets Chinese residents sports fitness behaviors exercise guide, which provides guidance for propelling to national fitness plan's implementation and improving Chinese resident fitness scientization. The paper starts from the perspective of energy consumption, it mainly adopts experience method, determines Chinese resident favorite sports fitness event energy consumption through observing all kinds of fitness behaviors energy consumption, and applies fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to make evaluation on bicycle riding, shadowboxing practicing, swimming, rope skipping, jogging, running, aerobics these seven fitness events. By calculating fuzzy rate model's membership and comparing their sizes, it gets fitness behaviors that are more helpful for resident health, more effective and popular. Finally, it gets conclusions that swimming is a best exercise mode and its membership is the highest. Besides, the memberships of running, rope skipping and shadowboxing practicing are also relative higher. It should go in for bodybuilding by synthesizing above several kinds of fitness events according to different physical conditions; different living conditions so that can better achieve the purpose of fitness exercises. PMID:26981163

  6. Optimum mining method selection using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process-Qapiliq salt mine, Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karimnia Hamed; Bagloo Heydar

    2015-01-01

    Mining method selection is the first and the most critical problem in mine design and depends on some parameters such as geotechnical and geological features and economic and geographic factors. In this paper, the factors affecting mining method selection are determined. These factors include shape, thick-ness, depth, slope, RMR and RSS of the orebody, RMR and RSS of the hanging wall and footwall. Then, the priorities of these factors are calculated. In order to calculate the priorities of factors and select the best mining method for Qapiliq salt mine, Iran, based on these priorities, fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) technique is used. For this purpose, a questionnaire was prepared and was given to the associated experts. Finally, after a comparison carried out based on the effective factors, between the four mining methods including area mining, room and pillar, cut and fill and stope and pillar methods, the stope and pillar mining method was selected as the most suitable method to this mine.

  7. Spatial Analytic Hierarchy Process Model for Flood Forecasting: An Integrated Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various flood influencing factors such as rainfall, geology, slope gradient, land use, soil type, drainage density, temperature etc. are generally considered for flood hazard assessment. However, lack of appropriate handling/integration of data from different sources is a challenge that can make any spatial forecasting difficult and inaccurate. Availability of accurate flood maps and thorough understanding of the subsurface conditions can adequately enhance flood disasters management. This study presents an approach that attempts to provide a solution to this drawback by combining Geographic Information System (GIS)-based Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model as spatial forecasting tools. In achieving the set objectives, spatial forecasting of flood susceptible zones in the study area was made. A total number of five set of criteria/factors believed to be influencing flood generation in the study area were selected. Priority weights were assigned to each criterion/factor based on Saaty's nine point scale of preference and weights were further normalized through the AHP. The model was integrated into a GIS system in order to produce a flood forecasting map

  8. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-based Chinese Resident Best Fitness Behavior Method Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Lan

    2015-01-01

    With explosive development in Chinese economy and science and technology, people's pursuit of health becomes more and more intense, therefore Chinese resident sports fitness activities have been rapidly developed. However, different fitness events popularity degrees and effects on body energy consumption are different, so bases on this, the paper researches on fitness behaviors and gets Chinese residents sports fitness behaviors exercise guide, which provides guidance for propelling to national fitness plan's implementation and improving Chinese resident fitness scientization. The paper starts from the perspective of energy consumption, it mainly adopts experience method, determines Chinese resident favorite sports fitness event energy consumption through observing all kinds of fitness behaviors energy consumption, and applies fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to make evaluation on bicycle riding, shadowboxing practicing, swimming, rope skipping, jogging, running, aerobics these seven fitness events. By calculating fuzzy rate model's membership and comparing their sizes, it gets fitness behaviors that are more helpful for resident health, more effective and popular. Finally, it gets conclusions that swimming is a best exercise mode and its membership is the highest. Besides, the memberships of running, rope skipping and shadowboxing practicing are also relative higher. It should go in for bodybuilding by synthesizing above several kinds of fitness events according to different physical conditions; different living conditions so that can better achieve the purpose of fitness exercises.

  9. Marketization of Higher Education Institute; Identifying a Set of Performance Measurements Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Jalaliyoon

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, Higher Education is bearing significant alters. These alters are in replying to diversity factors; the expansion of information and communication technologies, globalization, internationalization and regionalization, progress network society, developing information society, socio-cultural orientations and demographical orientations. The marketization in higher education leads to change the roles of Governments. ‘Marketization’ in universities and colleges is a famous feature of the current wave of answerability. On the other hand, since there has been massive growth in the number of universities during the past decades, under the precedent of an increasing number of universities and shortage of education source, universities have to consider economic aim into their purpose to achieve profits through exposure social services. As a result, encountering the high competitive condition of students’ recruitment, all universities have to void with conservative management practice and sub it by applying implications of business operations to attain the perdurable development and permanence. The main reason of this study is to introduce the Key Performance Indicators (KPI measurement in higher education institution and determining their importance based on the opinion and experience of previous researchers. Furthermore, this study suggests a methodology to determine the weight and amount of significance of each measurer by using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP technique which is one of the techniques in Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM. The AHP, as a reparative method, supposes full aggregation among criteria and expands a linear increasable model. The weights and scores are achieved mainly by pair wise comparisons among all options.

  10. Spatial Analytic Hierarchy Process Model for Flood Forecasting: An Integrated Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir Matori, Abd; Umar Lawal, Dano; Yusof, Khamaruzaman Wan; Hashim, Mustafa Ahmad; Balogun, Abdul-Lateef

    2014-06-01

    Various flood influencing factors such as rainfall, geology, slope gradient, land use, soil type, drainage density, temperature etc. are generally considered for flood hazard assessment. However, lack of appropriate handling/integration of data from different sources is a challenge that can make any spatial forecasting difficult and inaccurate. Availability of accurate flood maps and thorough understanding of the subsurface conditions can adequately enhance flood disasters management. This study presents an approach that attempts to provide a solution to this drawback by combining Geographic Information System (GIS)-based Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model as spatial forecasting tools. In achieving the set objectives, spatial forecasting of flood susceptible zones in the study area was made. A total number of five set of criteria/factors believed to be influencing flood generation in the study area were selected. Priority weights were assigned to each criterion/factor based on Saaty's nine point scale of preference and weights were further normalized through the AHP. The model was integrated into a GIS system in order to produce a flood forecasting map.

  11. A Fuzzy Delphi-Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach for Ranking of Effective Material Selection Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajad Kazemi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The ability to select the most appropriate materials for a given application is the fundamental challenge faced by a design engineer. The objective of any material selection procedure is to identify appropriate selection criteria and to obtain the most appropriate combination of criteria in conjunction with requirements. Hence, selection of material is a multicriteria decision making problem. This study investigates and evaluates critical material selection criteria in a priority framework using the fuzzy Delphi-analytical hierarchy process method to overcome all shortcomings from AHP and Delphi methods that are common in material selection problem. 75 of the most important criteria for material selection have been collected from the literature. These criteria have been questioned in automobile interior design firms in Iran for car dashboard design. This ranking method would help product designers to decide on appropriate materials in a consistent method. Results indicate that “general” criteria such as availability, quality, risk, and technology are the most important criteria from the viewpoint of Iranian car manufacturers. Other criteria such as financial, technical, social and environmental, and sensorial criteria are relatively important in subsequent ranks.

  12. SELECTING A COMPETITIVE STRATEGY FOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY USING THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Bondareva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable growth of enterprises, as well as their competitiveness enhancement, is based largely on the formation of strategic potential. To ensure fulfillment of objectives on maintaining or strengthening the competitive position of the company, suitable competitive strategy, as a tool of strategic management, should be selected and implemented. However, optimal strategy should also form the strategic potential, i.e. the vision of how a company can use its reserves to increase competitiveness. The aim of the article was to select an effective competitive strategy from several alternatives with the help of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP method. Company, that is recognized as the leader in the production of radiopharmaceuticals on the Slovak market was an object of this study. Calculations showed that the company should focus on the development of new products and keep the position on the existing markets rather than entering a new one. Based on the chosen strategy, it is also possible to create or customize the investment portfolio of the company, which ensures strengthening its competitive position.

  13. Effective factors on optimizing banks’ balance sheet using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoja Rezaei

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Every bank seeks methods to optimize its assets and liabilities, thus the main subject is managing assets-liabilities in the balance sheet and the main question is by which factor banks will be enabled to have an optimized combination of assets and liabilities in a common level of risk to get the most return. This case study is dedicated to Refah bank and is an applicable study. The data has collected from the headquarter by a questionnaire and finally effective factors weight on optimizing bank balance sheet determined by using Fuzzy analytical hierarchy process. Results showed that revenue has more effect on optimizing for %39.5 and also loan to deposit ratio for %.74, regarding revenue as a symbol of efficiency in banks, it seems to be the most important factor and goal in banking industry. Furthermore banks need to have some liquidity to respond customers demand to cover one of the most important risks of banking. This factor importance determined to be %18 in Refah Bank by using model and experts view.

  14. An Analytic Hierarchy Process Analysis: Application to Subscriber Retention Decisions in the Nigerian Mobile Telecommunications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adebiyi Sulaimon Olanrewaju

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of mobile number portability (MNP in the Nigerian telecommunications industry has brought a new challenge for mobile operators. This study investigates the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP in customer retention decisions in the Nigerian telecommunication industry using a cross-sectional survey design. Primary data were obtained through questionnaires administered to 480 mobile telecommunications subscribers in six tertiary institutions located in Lagos State, Nigeria. These educational institutions were chosen using a multistage sampling technique. Of 438 questionnaires received from subscribers, 408 were valid. Based on this sample data an AHP model was built to assess the determinants of customer retention decisions. Next, eigen values, an eigen vector and maximum lambda (λMax were obtained using the AHP analysis for the matrices. This analysis shows that customers considered call quality as the important in the retention decision. We conclude that AHP is a meaningful tool for determining what motivates retention decisions, that can help network operators formulate effective customer retention strategies.

  15. Selection of reference standard during method development using the analytical hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wan-yang; Tong, Ling; Li, Dong-xiang; Huang, Jing-yi; Zhou, Shui-ping; Sun, Henry; Bi, Kai-shun

    2015-03-25

    Reference standard is critical for ensuring reliable and accurate method performance. One important issue is how to select the ideal one from the alternatives. Unlike the optimization of parameters, the criteria of the reference standard are always immeasurable. The aim of this paper is to recommend a quantitative approach for the selection of reference standard during method development based on the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) as a decision-making tool. Six alternative single reference standards were assessed in quantitative analysis of six phenolic acids from Salvia Miltiorrhiza and its preparations by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography. The AHP model simultaneously considered six criteria related to reference standard characteristics and method performance, containing feasibility to obtain, abundance in samples, chemical stability, accuracy, precision and robustness. The priority of each alternative was calculated using standard AHP analysis method. The results showed that protocatechuic aldehyde is the ideal reference standard, and rosmarinic acid is about 79.8% ability as the second choice. The determination results successfully verified the evaluation ability of this model. The AHP allowed us comprehensive considering the benefits and risks of the alternatives. It was an effective and practical tool for optimization of reference standards during method development.

  16. Using Landscape Metrics Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process to Assess Water Harvesting Potential Sites in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abeer Albalawneh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Jordan is characterized as a “water scarce” country. Therefore, conserving ecosystem services such as water regulation and soil retention is challenging. In Jordan, rainwater harvesting has been adapted to meet those challenges. However, the spatial composition and configuration features of a target landscape are rarely considered when selecting a rainwater-harvesting site. This study aimed to introduce landscape spatial features into the schemes for selecting a proper water-harvesting site. Landscape metrics analysis was used to quantify 10 metrics for three potential landscapes (i.e., Watershed 104 (WS 104, Watershed 59 (WS 59, and Watershed 108 (WS 108 located in the Jordanian Badia region. Results of the metrics analysis showed that the three non–vegetative land cover types in the three landscapes were highly suitable for serving as rainwater harvesting sites. Furthermore, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP was used to prioritize the fitness of the three target sites by comparing their landscape metrics. Results of AHP indicate that the non-vegetative land cover in the WS 104 landscape was the most suitable site for rainwater harvesting intervention, based on its dominance, connectivity, shape, and low degree of fragmentation. Our study advances the water harvesting network design by considering its landscape spatial pattern.

  17. Costs of Quality: Exploratory Analysis of Hidden Elements and Prioritization using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sailaja A

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cost of Quality analysis is emerged as an effective tool for the industrial managers for pinpointing the deficiencies in the system as well as for identifying the improvement areas by highlighting the cost reduction opportunities. However , this analysis will be fully effective only if it is further extended to identify the cost incurred in ensuring quality in all areas of the supply chain including the hidden costs and costs of missed out opportunities. Most of the hidden elements of quality costs are difficult to track and not accounted by the traditional accounting tools. An exploratory analysis is made in this research to identify the hidden elements of quality costs in manufacturing industry. Further, the identified cost elements are classified into various groups for better analysis and, finally, prioritized to identify the vital few among them. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP technique which is one of the most popular Multi Criteria Decision Method (MCDM and Pareto analysis were used in this study for prioritizing the hidden quality cost elements based on their degree of impact on overall cost of quality. By this analysis, the key cost elements which are to be addressed to reduce the overall cost of quality are identified.

  18. Ship Classification with High Resolution TerraSAR-X Imagery Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ship surveillance using space-borne synthetic aperture radar (SAR, taking advantages of high resolution over wide swaths and all-weather working capability, has attracted worldwide attention. Recent activity in this field has concentrated mainly on the study of ship detection, but the classification is largely still open. In this paper, we propose a novel ship classification scheme based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP in order to achieve better performance. The main idea is to apply AHP on both feature selection and classification decision. On one hand, the AHP based feature selection constructs a selection decision problem based on several feature evaluation measures (e.g., discriminability, stability, and information measure and provides objective criteria to make comprehensive decisions for their combinations quantitatively. On the other hand, we take the selected feature sets as the input of KNN classifiers and fuse the multiple classification results based on AHP, in which the feature sets’ confidence is taken into account when the AHP based classification decision is made. We analyze the proposed classification scheme and demonstrate its results on a ship dataset that comes from TerraSAR-X SAR images.

  19. An Objective Approach to Faculty Promotion and Tenure by the Analytical Hierarchy Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saaty, Thomas L.; Ramanujam, Vasudevan

    1983-01-01

    A faculty evaluation system that classified performance factors within a hierarchy and weights each, producing a final composite set for each faculty member, is explained and illustrated. The process is recommended for more objective and consistent decision-making about faculty tenure. (MSE)

  20. A combined approach of simulation and analytic hierarchy process in assessing production facility layouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramli, Razamin; Cheng, Kok-Min

    2014-07-01

    One of the important areas of concern in order to obtain a competitive level of productivity in a manufacturing system is the layout design and material transportation system (conveyor system). However, changes in customers' requirements have triggered the need to design other alternatives of the manufacturing layout for existing production floor. Hence, this paper discusses effective alternatives of the process layout specifically, the conveyor system layout. Subsequently, two alternative designs for the conveyor system were proposed with the aims to increase the production output and minimize space allocation. The first proposed layout design includes the installation of conveyor oven in the particular manufacturing room based on priority, and the second one is the one without the conveyor oven in the layout. Simulation technique was employed to design the new facility layout. Eventually, simulation experiments were conducted to understand the performance of each conveyor layout design based on operational characteristics, which include predicting the output of layouts. Utilizing the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), the newly and improved layout designs were assessed before the final selection was done. As a comparison, the existing conveyor system layout was included in the assessment process. Relevant criteria involved in this layout design problem were identified as (i) usage of space of each design, (ii) operator's utilization rates, (iii) return of investment (ROI) of the layout, and (iv) output of the layout. In the final stage of AHP analysis, the overall priority of each alternative layout was obtained and thus, a selection for final use by the management was made based on the highest priority value. This efficient planning and designing of facility layout in a particular manufacturing setting is able to minimize material handling cost, minimize overall production time, minimize investment in equipment, and optimize utilization of space.

  1. HOW DO STUDENTS SELECT SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES? AN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun Meng Tang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Social networking sites are popular among university students, and students today are indeed spoiled for choice. New emerging social networking sites sprout up amid popular sites, while some existing ones die out. Given the choice of so many social networking sites, how do students decide which one they will sign up for and stay on as an active user? The answer to this question is of interest to social networking site designers and marketers. The market of social networking sites is highly competitive. To maintain the current user base and continue to attract new users, how should social networking sites design their sites? Marketers spend a fairly large percent of their marketing budget on social media marketing. To formulate an effective social media strategy, how much do marketers understand the users of social networking sites? Learning from website evaluation studies, this study intends to provide some answers to these questions by examining how university students decide between two popular social networking sites, Facebook and Twitter. We first developed an analytic hierarchy process (AHP model of four main selection criteria and 12 sub-criteria, and then administered a questionnaire to a group of university students attending a course at a Malaysian university. AHP analyses of the responses from 12 respondents provided an insight into the decision-making process involved in students’ selection of social networking sites. It seemed that of the four main criteria, privacy was the top concern, followed by functionality, usability, and content. The sub-criteria that were of key concern to the students were apps, revenue-generating opportunities, ease of use, and information security. Between Facebook and Twitter, the students thought that Facebook was the better choice. This information is useful for social networking site designers to design sites that are more relevant to their users’ needs, and for marketers to craft more effective

  2. Fair fund distribution for a municipal incinerator using GIS-based fuzzy analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ni-Bin; Chang, Ying-Hsi; Chen, Ho-Wen

    2009-01-01

    Burning municipal solid waste (MSW) can generate energy and reduce the waste volume, which delivers benefits to society through resources conservation. But current practices by society are not sustainable because the associated environmental impacts of waste incineration on urbanized regions have been a long-standing concern in local communities. Public reluctance with regard to accepting the incinerators as typical utilities often results in an intensive debate concerning how much welfare is lost for those residents living in the vicinity of those incinerators. As the measure of welfare change with respect to environmental quality constraints nearby these incinerators remains critical, new arguments related to how to allocate the fair fund among affected communities became a focal point in environmental management. Given the fact that most County fair fund rules allow a great deal of flexibility for redistribution, little is known about what type of methodology may be a good fit to determine the distribution of such a fair fund under uncertainty. This paper purports to demonstrate a system-based approach that helps any fair fund distribution, which is made with respect to residents' possible claim for fair damages due to the installation of a new incinerator. Holding a case study using integrated geographic information system (GIS) and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) for finding out the most appropriate distribution strategy between two neighboring towns in Taipei County, Taiwan demonstrates the application potential. Participants in determining the use of a fair fund also follow a highly democratic procedure where all stakeholders involved eventually express a high level of satisfaction with the results facilitating the final decision making process. It ensures that plans for the distribution of such a fair fund were carefully thought out and justified with a multi-faceted nature that covers political, socio-economic, technical, environmental, public

  3. Applying Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Relation Analysis to Evaluate the Supply Chain Performance of the Wafer Testing House

    OpenAIRE

    Yun-Chin Chen; Jun-Yuan Kuo; Bang-Ting Luo

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: In the information age, the process of E-Commerce (EC) operates quickly and the present enterprises of Taiwan have to face the Free Cross-Strait Market (FCSM) with Mainland China, which will definitely change the model as well as the performance of the supply chain. Hence, this study focuses on the issue of supply chain performance evaluation of the wafer testing house in Taiwan. Approach: This investigation applied the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) to derive the ...

  4. Application of analytical hierarchy process for effective selection of agricultural best management practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giri, Subhasis; Nejadhashemi, A Pouyan

    2014-01-01

    In this study an analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was used for ranking best management practices (BMPs) in the Saginaw River Watershed based on environmental, economic and social factors. Three spatial targeting methods were used for placement of BMPs on critical source areas (CSAs). The environment factors include sediment, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus reductions at the subbasin level and the watershed outlet. Economic factors were based on total BMP cost, including installation, maintenance, and opportunity costs. Social factors were divided into three favorability rankings (most favorable, moderately favorable, and least favorable) based on area allocated to each BMP. Equal weights (1/3) were considered for the three main factors while calculating the BMP rank by AHP. In this study three scenarios were compared. A comprehensive approach in which environmental, economic, and social aspects are simultaneously considered (Scenario 1) versus more traditional approaches in which both environmental and economic aspects were considered (Scenario 2) or only environmental aspects (sediment, TN, and TP) were considered (Scenario 3). In Scenario 1, only stripcropping (moderately favorable) was selected on all CSAs at the subbasin level, whereas stripcropping (49-69% of CSAs) and residue management (most favorable, 31-51% of CSAs) were selected by AHP based on the watershed outlet and three spatial targeting methods. In Scenario 2, native grass was eliminated by moderately preferable BMPs (stripcropping) both at the subbasin and watershed outlet levels due the lower BMP implementations cost compared to native grass. Finally, in Scenario 3, at subbasin level, the least socially preferable BMP (native grass) was selected in 100% of CSAs due to greater pollution reduction capacity compared to other BMPs. At watershed level, nearly 50% the CSAs selected stripcropping, and the remaining 50% of CSAs selected native grass and residue management equally. PMID:24309231

  5. Applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Oil Sands Environmental Compliance Risk Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Izak Johannes, III

    Oil companies in Alberta, Canada, invested $32 billion on new oil sands projects in 2013. Despite the size of this investment, there is a demonstrable deficiency in the uniformity and understanding of environmental legislation requirements that manifest into increased project compliance risks. This descriptive study developed 2 prioritized lists of environmental regulatory compliance risks and mitigation strategies and used multi-criteria decision theory for its theoretical framework. Information from compiled lists of environmental compliance risks and mitigation strategies was used to generate a specialized pairwise survey, which was piloted by 5 subject matter experts (SMEs). The survey was validated by a sample of 16 SMEs, after which the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to rank a total of 33 compliance risks and 12 mitigation strategy criteria. A key finding was that the AHP is a suitable tool for ranking of compliance risks and mitigation strategies. Several working hypotheses were also tested regarding how SMEs prioritized 1 compliance risk or mitigation strategy compared to another. The AHP showed that regulatory compliance, company reputation, environmental compliance, and economics ranked the highest and that a multi criteria mitigation strategy for environmental compliance ranked the highest. The study results will inform Alberta oil sands industry leaders about the ranking and utility of specific compliance risks and mitigations strategies, enabling them to focus on actions that will generate legislative and public trust. Oil sands leaders implementing a risk management program using the risks and mitigation strategies identified in this study will contribute to environmental conservation, economic growth, and positive social change.

  6. Patients’ perception of quality service delivery of public hospitals in Nigeria using analytical hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Olateju Oyatoye

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patients are recently more aware and conscious. This is because of the belief that a high level of quality can translate into patient satisfaction. This is critical for healthcare providers as they deal with life. This recognition by both the service provider and service receivers made the government to establish units of service commission (SERVICOM in each of the governmental agencies including hospitals in Nigeria to monitor the level of quality of service delivery. However, to what extent do patients’ perceptions about health services seem to have been largely recognized remain unclear by health care providers, despite the (SERVICOM units in public institutions in Nigeria? Method: A cross-sectional analytical study using convenient sample method, based on the fact that not every patient of the selected hospitals can be chosen, was performed on 400 patients who received health services at four different public hospitals in Ogun state Nigeria. The selection of these hospitals was based on the zones in the state (Egba, Ijebu, Remo and Yewa area of Ogun-state. The instrument was a valid and reliable analytical hierarchy process based questionnaire containing five service quality dimensions. Data were analyzed using SPSS, Expert choice and Microsoft Excel software to determine the perception of patients towards service quality delivery in pairwise comparison of judgment consistent at less than 10%. Results:The results showed the composite priorities of the patients’ perception with respect to determinants of the patients’ perception towards quality of services delivered in the public hospitals in Nigeria. The most important factor to patients was the reliability dimension with composite priority 0.24 or 24% followed by the responsiveness dimension with 0.22 assurance dimension 0.21, tangibility dimension with 0.21, and the least determinant factor was the empathy dimension with 0.1101. Conclusion: Based on the results, the

  7. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Penilaian Proposal Kegiatan PNPM MPd Menggunakan Metode Profile Matching dan Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mufid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Assessment of PNPM-MPd’s proposal not run quickly and objectively. The purpose of this research is to create software to help the verification team in conducting an objective assessment of the proposals using the profile matching method and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP. Profile matching method is used to provide an assessment, determination of the gap, and the weighting criteria. While the AHP method is used to calculate the pairwise comparison matrices, eigenvalues​​, priorities, maximum eigenvalues​​, consistency index (CI and consistency ratio (CR. CR values ​​are used to determine the order in which proposals will be funded by BLM. The final result of this research is decision support system software for assessment of PNPM-MPd’s proposal that can determine the rank of the highest value to lowest. Keywords : Assessment; Profile matching; Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP

  8. Use of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) as an instrument to develop a solid waste management assessment tool

    OpenAIRE

    Batagarawa, Rabia; Williams, John Barry; Potts, Jonathan Stephenson; Brown, Julia Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) as a data collection instrument in developing a solid waste management assessment tool. AHP is a quantifying tool that provides an effective and precise means of choosing options evident in many disciplines such as waste management where priority scales measure elements in relative terms. The procedure is performed using Expert Choice software. A structured questionnaire survey was employed to obtain data...

  9. An Optimum Choice of Strategic Marketing for Indonesian Plywood Industry: Operationalization of Porter Five Forces Model using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Makkarennu; NAKAYASU, AKIRA; Osozawa, Katsuya; Ichikawa, Masahiro

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to present an application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for determining the best marketing strategy of Indonesian plywood industry. This paper applies Michael Porter???s industry analysis techniques to identify the existing competitive advantages as well as the key factors of business success and to create the strategy framework of the positioning for plywood industry. This approach is based on generic strategies as criteria for selecting competitive market ...

  10. Brackish groundwater membrane system design for sustainable irrigation: optimal configuration selection using analytic hierarchy process and multi-dimension scaling

    OpenAIRE

    Lew, Beni; Trachtengertz, Lolita; Ratsin, Shany; Oron, Gideon; Bick, Amos

    2014-01-01

    The recent high demands for reuse of salty water for irrigation affected membrane producers to assess new potential technologies for undesirable physical, chemical, and biological contaminants removal. This paper studies the assembly options by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) model and the multi-dimension scaling (MDS) techniques. A specialized form of MDS (CoPlot software) enables presentation of the AHP outcomes in a two dimensional space and the optimal model can be visualized clearly...

  11. The analytic hierarchy process as a framework for sourcing decisions: management, operations, and maintenance of a PBX

    OpenAIRE

    Bowens, Desobry E.

    2000-01-01

    With the installation of a new Private Branch Exchange (PBX), a telephone switch system, the Naval Postgraduate School is looking for the most effective method of sourcing the management, operations, and maintenance functions of the switch system. This thesis examines other organizations that operate a PBX in a campus-like environment. Using the data from these organizations, this thesis creates a decision framework for the NPS PBX sourcing decision using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)....

  12. Using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process multicriteria and Geographical information system for coastal vulnerability analysis in Morocco: The case of Mohammedia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahri, Meryem; Maanan, Mohamed; Hakdaoui, Mustapha

    2016-04-01

    This paper shows a method to assess the vulnerability of coastal risks such as coastal erosion or submarine applying Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) and spatial analysis techniques with Geographic Information System (GIS). The coast of the Mohammedia located in Morocco was chosen as the study site to implement and validate the proposed framework by applying a GIS-FAHP based methodology. The coastal risk vulnerability mapping follows multi-parametric causative factors as sea level rise, significant wave height, tidal range, coastal erosion, elevation, geomorphology and distance to an urban area. The Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process methodology enables the calculation of corresponding criteria weights. The result shows that the coastline of the Mohammedia is characterized by a moderate, high and very high level of vulnerability to coastal risk. The high vulnerability areas are situated in the east at Monika and Sablette beaches. This technical approach is based on the efficiency of the Geographic Information System tool based on Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process to help decision maker to find optimal strategies to minimize coastal risks.

  13. Risk assessment in the upstream crude oil supply chain: Leveraging analytic hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Charles Awoala

    For an organization to be successful, an effective strategy is required, and if implemented appropriately the strategy will result in a sustainable competitive advantage. The importance of decision making in the oil industry is reflected in the magnitude and nature of the industry. Specific features of the oil industry supply chain, such as its longer chain, the complexity of its transportation system, its complex production and storage processes, etc., pose challenges to its effective management. Hence, understanding the risks, the risk sources, and their potential impacts on the oil industry's operations will be helpful in proposing a risk management model for the upstream oil supply chain. The risk-based model in this research uses a three-level analytic hierarchy process (AHP), a multiple-attribute decision-making technique, to underline the importance of risk analysis and risk management in the upstream crude oil supply chain. Level 1 represents the overall goal of risk management; Level 2 is comprised of the various risk factors; and Level 3 represents the alternative criteria of the decision maker as indicated on the hierarchical structure of the crude oil supply chain. Several risk management experts from different oil companies around the world were surveyed, and six major types of supply chain risks were identified: (1) exploration and production, (2) environmental and regulatory compliance, (3) transportation, (4) availability of oil, (5) geopolitical, and (6) reputational. Also identified are the preferred methods of managing risks which include; (1) accept and control the risks, (2) avoid the risk by stopping the activity, or (3) transfer or share the risks to other companies or insurers. The results from the survey indicate that the most important risk to manage is transportation risk with a priority of .263, followed by exploration/production with priority of .198, with an overall inconsistency of .03. With respect to major objectives the most

  14. Geothermal Prospect Selection Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP: A Case Study in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryantini Suryantini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v5i4.107Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP is a Multi Criterion Decision Making (MCDM Technique. It can handle any complex, multicriterion, and multiperson problems. In AHP, the problems are decomposed into a hierarchically structure and are given the weights according to its importance. Thus, the strength with which one alternative dominates another with respect to a given criterion can be identified. The output is a priority ranking indicating the overall preference for each decision alternative. This paper describes the application of AHP to select a geothermal prospect in Sulawesi Island to be developed in the near future. The alternatives consist of three geothermal prospects. i.e., Suwawa, Pulu, and Marana. Three major criteria are used and applied into those three prospects: Geoscience, Infrastructure, and Social-culture aspects. Under each of these major criteria, there are several subcriteria. Geoscience criterion which consists of Resources, Geothermal System, and Geological Risk Subcriteria is given the highest weight with the assumption that if resources are large and can be developed commercially, then there is no reason not to be exploited; the technology and other infrastructure aspects are no longer an obstacle. The result shows that Suwawa Prospect is the best option to be developed in the near future. The second option or rank is Marana Prospect, and the third is Pulu Prospect. This result is in agreement with the future plan of the development of Sulawesi Island. If the regulation and plan of development were suddenly changed, the goal of this AHP might not be appropriate anymore, and the second or third option might replace the first rank. The benefits of using AHP are (1 the facts and reasons behind the decision are well documented, (2 able to handle quantitative and qualitative inputs, (3 able to accommodate environmental, social and other influences, and (4 able to handle subjective judgments of

  15. Decision making software for effective selection of treatment train alternative for wastewater using analytical hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, A D; Tembhurkar, A R

    2013-10-01

    Proper selection of treatment process and synthesis of treatment train is complex engineering activity requires crucial decision making during planning and designing of any Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). Earlier studies on process selection mainly considered cost as the most important selection criteria and number of studies focused on cost optimization models using dynamic programming, geometric programming and nonlinear programming. However, it has been noticed that traditional cost analysis alone cannot be applied to evaluate Treatment Train (TT) alternatives, as number of important non-tangible factors cannot be easily expressed in monetary units. Recently researches focus on use of multi-criteria technique for selection of treatment process. AHP provides a powerful tool for multi-hierarchy and multi-variable system overcoming limitation of traditional techniques. The AHP model designed to facilitate proper decision making and reduce the margin of errors during optimization due to number of parameters in the hierarchy levels has been used in this study. About 14 important factors and 13 sub factors were identified for the selection of treatment alternatives for wastewater and sludge stream although cost is one of the most important selection criteria. The present paper provides details of developing a soft-tool called "ProSelArt" using an AHP model aiding for proper decision making. PMID:25906585

  16. [Discussion on Quality Evaluation Method of Medical Device During Life-Cycle in Operation Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Caixian; Zheng, Kun; Shen, Yunming; Wu, Yunyun

    2016-01-01

    The content related to the quality during life-cycle in operation of medical device includes daily use, repair volume, preventive maintenance, quality control and adverse event monitoring. In view of this, the article aims at discussion on the quality evaluation method of medical devices during their life cycle in operation based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The presented method is proved to be effective by evaluating patient monitors as example. The method presented in can promote and guide the device quality control work, and it can provide valuable inputs to decisions about purchase of new device. PMID:27197489

  17. Optimal Medical Equipment Maintenance Service Proposal Decision Support System combining Activity Based Costing (ABC) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Leticia; Sloane, Elliot; M Bassani, Jose

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a framework to support the choice of the maintenance service (in-house or third party contract) for each category of medical equipment based on: a) the real medical equipment maintenance management system currently used by the biomedical engineering group of the public health system of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas located in Brazil to control the medical equipment maintenance service, b) the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method, and c) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results show the cost and performance related to each type of maintenance service. Decision-makers can use these results to evaluate possible strategies for the categories of equipment. PMID:17281912

  18. Optimal Medical Equipment Maintenance Service Proposal Decision Support System combining Activity Based Costing (ABC) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Leticia; Sloane, Elliot; M Bassani, Jose

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a framework to support the choice of the maintenance service (in-house or third party contract) for each category of medical equipment based on: a) the real medical equipment maintenance management system currently used by the biomedical engineering group of the public health system of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas located in Brazil to control the medical equipment maintenance service, b) the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method, and c) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results show the cost and performance related to each type of maintenance service. Decision-makers can use these results to evaluate possible strategies for the categories of equipment.

  19. Research on Top-layer Planning and Overall Design Project Decision of Weapon System Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Rui-wen

    2012-01-01

    Based on analytic hierarchy process(AHP) theory,a vital important problem for top-layer planning and overall design of modern self-propelled gun-howitzer system,namely overall project decision-making,was analyzed.A hierarchy model was built to solve the complex and uncertain problem,and a decision-making index system was established.Then,the weights in all layers of the model were determined by simulating experts.Finally,according to the calculated results of the elements in each layer,the weights of the alternatives to the overall goal were calculated to conduct the hierarchy total decision.A decision example shows that the overall project of a self-propelled gun-howitzer A is much better than that of another self-propelled gun-howitzer B,digitalized in comprehensive efficiency,operability,system accuracy and economy,but inferior to it in the information capability,and there exists relatively larger gap between them in the information sharing index.

  20. Evaluation of the Effect of a Health Education Campaign of HIV by Using an Analytical Hierarchy Process Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Wu

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to understand the status of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP among different populations and to provide scientific evidences for further health education. Three rounds of questionnaires were administered among service industry workers who were selected through stratified cluster sampling. Study subjects included hotel attendants, employees of beauty parlors and service workers of transportation industry. Data were analyzed using the analytical hierarchy process. All demonstrated high KAP overall. Synthetic scoring indexes of the three surveys were above 75%. However, the correct response rate on questions whether mosquito bite can transmit HIV/AIDS and what is the relationship between STD with HIV was unsatisfactory (lower than expected; and their attitudes towards people living with HIV and AIDS need to be improved. Moreover, the effect of health education on these groups was unclear. In conclusion, analytical hierarchy process is a valid method in estimating overall effect of HIV/AIDS health education. Although the present status of HIV/AIDS KAP among the service industry workers was relatively good, greater efforts should be made to improve their HIV transmission knowledge, attitude and understanding of the relationship between STDs and HIV.

  1. Application of Vague Analytical Hierarchy Process to Prioritize the Challenges Facing Public Transportation in Dar Es Salaam City-Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick P. Massami

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Transportation is a key to the economy and social welfare; it makes mobility more accessible and enhances the social and economic interactions. On the other hand, the increase of urban population, pollution and other negative impacts has directly affected the existing transportation system in Dar es Salaam City - Tanzania. As the transportation challenges cannot be overcome simultaneously due to the scarcity of financial resources, a decision support tool is needed to prioritize these challenges. In this study, a composite model of Vague Set Theory (VST and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP is applied to appraise the challenges. The Vague Analytical Hierarchy Process (VAHP uses opinions of experts collected from a survey questionnaire. The computational results reveal the ranking in descending order of the urban transportation challenges as poor traffic management, inadequacy of proper public transit service and inadequacy of road transport infrastructure. The results also depict that the VAHP model is a useful decision support tool for transport planners, transport policy makers and other industry stakeholders.

  2. Site selection of sanitary landfills on the small island of Mauritius using the analytical hierarchy process multi-criteria method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramjeawon, T; Beerachee, B

    2008-10-01

    This paper focuses on the application of a multi-criteria analysis methodology - the analytical hierarchy process - for the locating of a sanitary landfill on the small island of Mauritius. Four candidate sites were assessed using three main criteria (environmental, technical and socio-economic) and twenty-one sub-criteria. Scores were assigned to each criterion and sub-criterion by stakeholders in the solid waste sector, based on the impact assessment of each site so as to obtain their relative importance. The analytical hierarchy process was then applied, which involved the combination of the weights obtained at the different stages of pair-wise comparisons. The candidate sites were finally ranked to obtain the optimum site. Because of political factors, the second best ranked site was chosen by the authorities for the location of a new landfill on the island. This technique provides a realistic approach for use by small island developing states such as Mauritius for choosing and justifying to all stakeholders the best location for a sanitary landfill site or any other waste management site. PMID:18927063

  3. Assessment of Useful Life of Lubricants Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP and Vector Projection Approach (VPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surachai Bovornsethanant

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In general, engine oil is usually changed as defined by car or lubricant manufacturers, which is according to mileage. However, it was found from past researches that, at the predefined mileage or timeframe, most lubricant is still acceptably usable and efficient. Approach: This research aimed to calculate useful life of lubricant in order to reach its maximum usefulness. The method of study began by collecting data that indicates deterioration of lubricant by increasing mileage which includes total base number, viscosity, iron and flash point. Then the data was analyzed by means of Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP. These variables were used to construct a model for calculating appropriate useful life of lubricant by using vector projection approach. It was found from this study that the defined mileage for changing lubricant, which is generally at 5,000 km, is not appropriate. Results: Results of the study suggest that the most appropriate mileage for change of lubricant is at 12,000 km. Conclusion: It could be concluded that collection of data about characteristics of lubricant and use of model for calculating useful life of lubricant can define appropriate interval change of lubricant.

  4. Landfill site selection using geographic information system and analytical hierarchy process: A case study Al-Hillah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chabuk, Ali; Al-Ansari, Nadhir; Hussain, Hussain Musa; Knutsson, Sven; Pusch, Roland

    2016-05-01

    Al-Hillah Qadhaa is located in the central part of Iraq. It covers an area of 908 km(2) with a total population of 856,804 inhabitants. This Qadhaa is the capital of Babylon Governorate. Presently, no landfill site exists in that area based on scientific site selection criteria. For this reason, an attempt has been carried out to find the best locations for landfills. A total of 15 variables were considered in this process (groundwater depth, rivers, soil types, agricultural land use, land use, elevation, slope, gas pipelines, oil pipelines, power lines, roads, railways, urban centres, villages and archaeological sites) using a geographic information system. In addition, an analytical hierarchy process was used to identify the weight for each variable. Two suitable candidate landfill sites were determined that fulfil the requirements with an area of 9.153 km(2) and 8.204 km(2) These sites can accommodate solid waste till 2030.

  5. Site selection for Handy Craft Market in South Khorasan Province Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Karami

    2013-01-01

    and unmistakable method (Fernandez, 2009.3– DiscussionThe process of selecting optimal spots to locate the handicrafts market in South Khorasan ProvinceThe first stage in locating markets of handicrafts in South Khorasan Province includes establishing hierarchy, weighting and selecting, which is described as follow:Establishing hierarchyCreating a graphic display is the first stage in the process of hierarchical analysis, in which, the objectives, criteria and options are showed (Ramanathan, 2001. Figure 1 shows hierarchical choices of suitable townships in order of priority for locating handicraft markets over the province. The criteria include:Criterion 1: employees of handicraft industry and its conditionCriterion 2: enjoying tourism and cultural relics to locate the marketCriterion 3: general condition of employment in the provinceCriterion 4: population and the number of rural and urban spotsCriterion 5: enjoying surface structures (education centers, schools, health centers and etc.Criterion 6: condition of the number of the incomer tourists of the townshipCriterion 7: Having AirportCriterion 8: Networks and routesCriterion 9: Enjoying border market and customsCriterion 10: industrial prosperity Table1. Binary comparison of the criteria and indicating their priorityCriterion priorityGeometric mean10987654321Criterion0/293/873662765210/182/294233143320/070/8422111/32130/050/6311/2111/3140/040/5611/2111/350/151/99423360/050/6311/2170/050/6311/280/080/03290/290/5410Table 2. Indicating final priority of the townships to establish markets for handicraft Industry in the provinceTownship criterion1th criterion2th criterion3th criterion4th criterion5th criterion6th criterion7th criterion8th criterion9th criterion10th criterionImportance rateFinal priorityBirjand0/1490/0770/0360/0260/020/0640/030/0060/0350/0190/6445/7Gayenat0/060/0320/0140/0110/0090/0270/0030/0140/0210/0070/219/7Ferdos0/0310/0320/0070/0050/0040/0270/0030/0060/0030/0030/122/12Sarayan0/0130

  6. The Polynomially Exponential Time Restrained Analytical Hierarchy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    眭跃飞

    1991-01-01

    A polynomially exponential time restrained analytical hierarchy is introduced with the basic properties of the hierarchy followed.And it will be shown that there is a recursive set A such that A does not belong to any level of the p-arithmetical hierarchies.Then we shall prove that there are recursive sets A and B such that the different levels of the analytical hierarchy relative to A are different and for some n every level higher than n of the analytical hierarchy relative to B is the same as the n-th level.And whether the higher levels are collapsed into some lower level is neither provable nor disprovable in set theory and several other results.

  7. An approach for environmental risk assessment of engineered nanomaterials using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy inference rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topuz, Emel; van Gestel, Cornelis A M

    2016-01-01

    The usage of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) in consumer products is relatively new and there is a need to conduct environmental risk assessment (ERA) to evaluate their impacts on the environment. However, alternative approaches are required for ERA of ENPs because of the huge gap in data and knowledge compared to conventional pollutants and their unique properties that make it difficult to apply existing approaches. This study aims to propose an ERA approach for ENPs by integrating Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy inference models which provide a systematic evaluation of risk factors and reducing uncertainty about the data and information, respectively. Risk is assumed to be the combination of occurrence likelihood, exposure potential and toxic effects in the environment. A hierarchy was established to evaluate the sub factors of these components. Evaluation was made with fuzzy numbers to reduce uncertainty and incorporate the expert judgements. Overall score of each component was combined with fuzzy inference rules by using expert judgements. Proposed approach reports the risk class and its membership degree such as Minor (0.7). Therefore, results are precise and helpful to determine the risk management strategies. Moreover, priority weights calculated by comparing the risk factors based on their importance for the risk enable users to understand which factor is effective on the risk. Proposed approach was applied for Ag (two nanoparticles with different coating) and TiO2 nanoparticles for different case studies. Results verified the proposed benefits of the approach. PMID:27131016

  8. Using analytic hierarchy process to identify the nurses with high stress-coping capability: model and application.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank F C Pan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nurses have long been relied as the major labor force in hospitals. Featured with complicated and highly labor-intensive job requirement, multiple pressures from different sources was inevitable. Success in identifying stresses and accordingly coping with such stresses is important for job performance of nurses, and service quality of a hospital. Purpose of this research is to identify the determinants of nurses' capabilities.A modified Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP was adopted. Overall, 105 nurses from several randomly selected hospitals in southern Taiwan were investigated to generate factors. Ten experienced practitioners were included as the expert in the AHP to produce weights of each criterion. Six nurses from two regional hospitals were then selected to test the model.Four factors are then identified as the second level of hierarchy. The study result shows that the family factor is the most important factor, and followed by the personal attributes. Top three sub-criteria that attribute to the nurse's stress-coping capability are children's education, good career plan, and healthy family. The practical simulation provided evidence for the usefulness of this model.The study suggested including these key determinants into the practice of human-resource management, and restructuring the hospital's organization, creating an employee-support system as well as a family-friendly working climate. The research provided evidence that supports the usefulness of AHP in identifying the key factors that help stabilizing a nursing team.

  9. Evaluation of radioactive emissions of lignite-fired power plants in Turkey using the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueke, Tayfun [Mugla Sitki Kocman Univ., Mugla (Turkey). Dept. of Energy Systems Engineering

    2013-11-15

    Radioactive emissions of 13 lignite-fired power plants in Turkey are of great concern to the public and to scientists alike. The purpose of this study is to evaluate these power plants, according to their radioactive emissions by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Control criteria are in particular {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, {sup 40}K and {sup 238}U emissions from the power plants. These control criteria are weighted according to the objective assessment. The calculations are repeated for three different objective assessments of control criteria namely the mortality risk coefficients for inhalation, ingestion, external exposure of {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, {sup 40}K and {sup 238}U. It has been calculated that the Can lignite-fired power plant is ranking first while the Soma-B plant is ranking last according to the radioactive emissions of the power plants when the average of three different objective control criteria are used in the calculations. (orig.)

  10. Using Analytic Hierarchy Process for Exploring Prioritization of Functional Strategies in Auto Parts Manufacturing SMEs of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasir Ahmad

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article uses analytical hierarchy process (AHP to find prioritization of functional strategies (manufacturing, marketing, human resource, and financial management by small and medium enterprises (SMEs operating in auto parts manufacturing sector of Pakistan. SMEs are major part of the industrial structure and have significant contribution toward generating jobs in Pakistan. These enterprises are generally family-owned businesses, and this study provides concrete insights into the mind-set of owners toward different functional strategies. The AHP implementation steps are performed using commercially available software “Expert Choice®.” Marketing strategy is considered to be the most important strategy, while manufacturing management strategy is the second most important strategy. There is little emphasis on the financial and human resource management which is a serious cause of concern. The study would help policy makers to understand the business behaviors of this sector and consequently formulate policies to enhance their performance.

  11. Research on matching area selection criteria for gravity gradient navigation based on principal component analysis and analytic hierarchy process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Ling; Li, Kaihan; Tang, Jianqiao; Ma, Jie

    2015-12-01

    The matching area selection is the foundation of gravity gradient aided navigation. In this paper, a gravity gradient matching area selection criterion is proposed, based on the principal component analysis (PCA) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Firstly, the features of gravity gradient are extracted and nine gravity gradient characteristic parameters are obtained. Secondly, combining PCA with AHP, a PA model is built and the nine characteristic parameters are fused based on it. At last, the gravity gradient matching area selection criterion is given. By using this criterion, gravity gradient area can be divided into matching area and non-matching area. The simulation results show that gravity gradient position effect in the selected matching area is superior to the matching area, and the matching rate is greater than 90%, the position error is less than a gravity gradient grid.

  12. 用层次分析法优选供货商%Optimal Selection of Suppliers by Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冀生; 罗卫

    2011-01-01

    用AHP法优选供货商,给出最简计算方法,通过实例与常用的综合比较法和性价比法进行了比较。结果表明,相对于综合比较法和性价比法,AHP法更加简单快捷和科学实用。%The paper uses the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to optimize the selection of suppliers and gives the most simplified calculation method. The paper also makes a comparison between AHP and the commonly used comprehensive comparison method and the cost-effectiveness method so as to expand and deepen the bid evaluation methods.

  13. Landslide susceptibility mapping by combining the three methods Fuzzy Logic, Frequency Ratio and Analytical Hierarchy Process in Dozain basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Tazik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Landslides are among the most important natural hazards that lead to modification of the environment. Therefore, studying of this phenomenon is so important in many areas. Because of the climate conditions, geologic, and geomorphologic characteristics of the region, the purpose of this study was landslide hazard assessment using Fuzzy Logic, frequency ratio and Analytical Hierarchy Process method in Dozein basin, Iran. At first, landslides occurred in Dozein basin were identified using aerial photos and field studies. The influenced landslide parameters that were used in this study including slope, aspect, elevation, lithology, precipitation, land cover, distance from fault, distance from road and distance from river were obtained from different sources and maps. Using these factors and the identified landslide, the fuzzy membership values were calculated by frequency ratio. Then to account for the importance of each of the factors in the landslide susceptibility, weights of each factor were determined based on questionnaire and AHP method. Finally, fuzzy map of each factor was multiplied to its weight that obtained using AHP method. At the end, for computing prediction accuracy, the produced map was verified by comparing to existing landslide locations. These results indicate that the combining the three methods Fuzzy Logic, Frequency Ratio and Analytical Hierarchy Process method are relatively good estimators of landslide susceptibility in the study area. According to landslide susceptibility map about 51% of the occurred landslide fall into the high and very high susceptibility zones of the landslide susceptibility map, but approximately 26 % of them indeed located in the low and very low susceptibility zones.

  14. A two-stage planning and control model toward Economically Adapted Power Distribution Systems using analytical hierarchy processes and fuzzy optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweickardt, Gustavo [Instituto de Economia Energetica, Fundacion Bariloche, Centro Atomico Bariloche - Pabellon 7, Av. Bustillo km 9500, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Miranda, Vladimiro [INESC Porto, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores do Porto and FEUP, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, R. Dr. Roberto Frias, 378, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)

    2009-07-15

    This work presents a model to evaluate the Distribution System Dynamic De-adaptation respecting its planning for a given period of Tariff Control. The starting point for modeling is brought about by the results from a multi-criteria method based on Fuzzy Dynamic Programming and on Analytic Hierarchy Processes applied in a mid/short-term horizon (stage 1). Then, the decision-making activities using the Hierarchy Analytical Processes will allow defining, for a Control of System De-adaptation (stage 2), a Vector to evaluate the System Dynamic Adaptation. It is directly associated to an eventual series of inbalances that take place during its evolution. (author)

  15. Markov-CA model using analytical hierarchy process and multiregression technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, N. Q.; Sanusi, S. A. M.; Hussin, W. M. W.; Samat, N.; Mohammed, K. S.

    2014-06-01

    The unprecedented increase in population and rapid rate of urbanisation has led to extensive land use changes. Cellular automata (CA) are increasingly used to simulate a variety of urban dynamics. This paper introduces a new CA based on an integration model built-in multi regression and multi-criteria evaluation to improve the representation of CA transition rule. This multi-criteria evaluation is implemented by utilising data relating to the environmental and socioeconomic factors in the study area in order to produce suitability maps (SMs) using an analytical hierarchical process, which is a well-known method. Before being integrated to generate suitability maps for the periods from 1984 to 2010 based on the different decision makings, which have become conditioned for the next step of CA generation. The suitability maps are compared in order to find the best maps based on the values of the root equation (R2). This comparison can help the stakeholders make better decisions. Thus, the resultant suitability map derives a predefined transition rule for the last step for CA model. The approach used in this study highlights a mechanism for monitoring and evaluating land-use and land-cover changes in Kirkuk city, Iraq owing changes in the structures of governments, wars, and an economic blockade over the past decades. The present study asserts the high applicability and flexibility of Markov-CA model. The results have shown that the model and its interrelated concepts are performing rather well.

  16. Selection of optimum maintenance strategies based on a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Azizi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to rank different factors influencing on maintenance strategies on Iranian oil terminals’ company. The study determines four main factors, production quality, reliability, cost and safety. Using fuzzy analytical process, the study determines various factors associated with each main factor and ranks them by performing pair-wise comparisons. The results indicate that reliability ranks first (0.255, followed by production quality (0.252, cost (0.25 and safety (0.244. In terms of reliability, the best utilization of resources is number one priority followed by increase access to maintenance tools, reduction in production interruption are among the most important issues. In terms of production quality, reduction in system failure as well as reworks is the most important factors followed by customer satisfaction and defects. In terms of cost items, ease of access to accessories and consulting are important factors followed by necessary software, hardware and training programs. Finally, in terms of safety factors, external, internal and employee services are the most important issues, which are needed to be considered.

  17. Optimization of Welding Parameters of Submerged Arc Welding Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Based on Taguchi Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, A.; Roy, J.; Majumder, A.; Saha, S. C.

    2014-04-01

    The present paper reports a new procedure using an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) based Taguchi method for the selection of the best welding parameters to fabricate submerged arc welding of plain carbon steel. Selection of best welding parameters is an unstructured decision problem involving process parameters for multiple weldments. In the present investigation, three process parameter variables i.e. wire feed rate (Wf), stick out (So) and traverse speed (Ts) and the three response parameters i.e. penetration, bead width and bead reinforcement have been considered. The objective of the present work is thus to improve the quality of the welded elements by using AHP analysis based Taguchi method. Taguchi L16 orthogonal array is used to perform with less number of experimental runs. Taguchi approach is insufficient to solve a multi response optimization problem. In order to overcome this limitation, a multi criteria decision making method, AHP is applied in the present study. The optimal condition to have a quality weld (i.e. bead geometry) is found at 210 mm/min of wire feed rate, 15 mm of stick out and 0.75 m/min of traverse speed and also observed that the effect of wire feed rate on the overall bead geometry properties is more significant than other welding parameters. Finally, a confirmatory test has been carried out to verify the optimal setting so obtained.

  18. Priorities determination using novel analytic hierarchy process and median ranked sample set, case study of landfill siting criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Younes, Mohammad K.; Nopiah, Z. M.; Basri, N. E. Ahmad; Basri, H.

    2015-02-01

    Integrating environmental, social, political, and economical attributes enhances the decision making process. Multi criteria decision making (MCDM) involves ambiguity and uncertainty due to various preferences. This study presents a model to minimize the uncertainty and ambiguity of human judgments by means of integrating the counter stakeholders with median ranked sample set (MRSS) and Analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The model uses landfill site selection as a MCDM problem. Sixteen experts belong to four clusters that are government, private, institution, and non-governmental organisations participated and their preferences were ranked in four by four matrix. Then the MRSS and the AHP were used to obtain the priorities of landfill siting criteria. Environmental criteria have the highest priority that equals to 48.1% and the distance from surface water, and the faults zones are the most important factors with priorities equal to 18% and 13.7% respectively. In conclusion, the hybrid approach that integrates counter stakeholders MRSS, and AHP is capable of being applied to complex decision making process and its outputs are justified.

  19. Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Prioritize and Select Phase Change Materials for Comfort Application in Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Socaciu Lavinia Gabriela

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Phase change materials (PCMs selection and prioritization for comfort application in buildings have a significant contribution to the improvement of latent heat storage systems. PCMs have a relatively large thermal energy storage capacity in a temperature range close to their switch point. PCMs absorb energy during the heating process as phase change takes place and release energy to the environment in the phase change range during a reverse cooling process. Thermal energy storage systems using PCMs as storage medium offer advantages such as: high heat storage capacity and store/release thermal energy at a nearly constant temperature, relative low weight, small unit size and isothermal behaviour during charging and discharging when compared to the sensible thermal energy storage. PCMs are valuable only in the range of temperature close to their phase change point, since their main thermal energy storage capacity depend on their mass and on their latent heat of fusion. Selection of the proper PCMs is a challenging task because there are lots of different materials with different characteristics. In this research paper the principles and techniques of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP are presented, discussed and applied in order to prioritize and select the proper PCMs for comfort application in buildings. The AHP method is used for solving complex decisional problems and allows the decision maker to take the most suitable decisions for the problem studied. The results obtained reveal that the AHP method can be successfully applied when we want to choose a PCM for comfort application in buildings.

  20. Landfill site selection using geographic information system and analytical hierarchy process: A case study Al-Hillah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chabuk, Ali; Al-Ansari, Nadhir; Hussain, Hussain Musa; Knutsson, Sven; Pusch, Roland

    2016-05-01

    Al-Hillah Qadhaa is located in the central part of Iraq. It covers an area of 908 km(2) with a total population of 856,804 inhabitants. This Qadhaa is the capital of Babylon Governorate. Presently, no landfill site exists in that area based on scientific site selection criteria. For this reason, an attempt has been carried out to find the best locations for landfills. A total of 15 variables were considered in this process (groundwater depth, rivers, soil types, agricultural land use, land use, elevation, slope, gas pipelines, oil pipelines, power lines, roads, railways, urban centres, villages and archaeological sites) using a geographic information system. In addition, an analytical hierarchy process was used to identify the weight for each variable. Two suitable candidate landfill sites were determined that fulfil the requirements with an area of 9.153 km(2) and 8.204 km(2) These sites can accommodate solid waste till 2030. PMID:26965404

  1. Applying Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Relation Analysis to Evaluate the Supply Chain Performance of the Wafer Testing House

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Chin Chen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the information age, the process of E-Commerce (EC operates quickly and the present enterprises of Taiwan have to face the Free Cross-Strait Market (FCSM with Mainland China, which will definitely change the model as well as the performance of the supply chain. Hence, this study focuses on the issue of supply chain performance evaluation of the wafer testing house in Taiwan. Approach: This investigation applied the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP to derive the weights of influential indicators for evaluating the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house and the Grey Relation Analysis (GRA was used to evaluate the performance between the FCSM and EC aspects. Results: The analyzed results had identified the indicator weight of the supply chain performance evaluation in the wafer testing house and the indicator performances between different aspects were compared. The research results indicated that the FCSM aspect had better performance than EC aspect of the supply chain evaluation in the wafer testing house. Conclusion/Recommendations: Based on the analyzed results, the managers can find out the problems and improve the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house. This study not only can be a good basis for improvements of the case company, but also can be the reference for evaluating the supply chain performance of the wafer testing house.

  2. COLLISION AVOIDANCE DECISION- MAKING MODEL OF MULTI-AGENTS IN VIRTUAL DRIVING ENVIRONMENT WITH ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Hong; YI Guodong; TAN Jianrong; LIU Zhenyu

    2008-01-01

    Collision avoidance decision-making models of multiple agents in virtual driving environ- ment are studied. Based on the behavioral characteristics and hierarchical structure of the collision avoidance decision-making in real life driving, delphi approach and mathematical statistics method are introduced to construct pair-wise comparison judgment matrix of collision avoidance decision choices to each collision situation. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is adopted to establish the agents' collision avoidance decision-making model. To simulate drivers' characteristics, driver factors are added to categorize driving modes into impatient mode, normal mode, and the cautious mode. The results show that this model can simulate human's thinking process, and the agents in the virtual environment can deal with collision situations and make decisions to avoid collisions without intervention. The model can also reflect diversity and uncertainty of real life driving behaviors, and solves the multi-objective, multi-choice ranking priority problem in multi-vehicle collision scenarios. This collision avoidance model of multi-agents model is feasible and effective, and can provide richer and closer-to-life virtual scene for driving simulator, reflecting real-life traffic environment more truly, this model can also promote the practicality of driving simulator.

  3. Application of the improved fuzzy analytic hierarchy process for landslide hazard assessment based on RS and GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Baishou; Gao, Yujiu

    2015-12-01

    The landslide is a geological disaster that caused the second disruptions and losses next to the earthquake, and people around the world suffered a serious threat to their lives and property damage as a result of landslide disaster every year. So carrying on the study of the landslide hazard will create important theoretical meaning and practical value for proposing targeted prevention and treatment measures. Landslides occur more frequently in Guangxi where serious landslide disasters run riot because of its unique karst topography environment and abundant rainfall. The Wanxiu District of Wuzhou, Guangxi was selected as the study area, the landslide hazard zonation evaluation was studied on the basis of RS and GIS technology. The factors that influence landslide occurrence, such as elevation, slope inclination, slope aspect, curvature and distance to streams were derived from the DEM; land use was extracted from the Google Earth image; lithology was digitalized from the geologic map; rainfall information was from the literature. An improved analytic hierarchy process was presented to determine the index weight in this study. The method weakens the uncertainty in the process of comparing the importance of each factor, it need not to do the consistency check, which can also reduce the iteration times enormously, and improve operating speed. Combined with fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, the landslide hazard mapping of the study area was made according to the maximum membership degree principle. The resulting map can be used to provide some reference values for risk management, land-use planning and urbanization.

  4. Siting MSW landfill using weighted linear combination and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) methodology in GIS environment (case study: Karaj).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeinaddini, Mazaher; Khorasani, Nematollah; Danehkar, Afshin; Darvishsefat, Ali Asghar; Zienalyan, Mehdi

    2010-05-01

    Selection of landfill site is a complex process and needs many diverse criteria. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the suitability of the studied site as landfill for MSW in Karaj. Using weighted linear combination (WLC) method and spatial cluster analysis (SCA), suitable sites for allocation of landfill for a 20-year period were identified. For analyzing spatial auto-correlation of the land suitability map layer (LSML), Maron's I was used. Finally, using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP), the most preferred alternative for the landfill siting was identified. Main advantages of AHP are: relative ease of handling multiple criteria, easy to understand and effective handling of both qualitative and quantitative data. As a result, 6% of the study area is suitable for landfill siting and third alternative was identified as the most preferred for siting MSW landfill by AHP. The ranking of alternatives were obtained only by applying the WLC approach showed different results from the AHP. The WLC should be used only for the identification of alternatives and the AHP is used for prioritization. We suggest the employed procedure for other similar regions. PMID:20138748

  5. Evaluation of key driver categories influencing sustainable waste management development with the analytic hierarchy process (AHP): Serbia example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tot, Bojana; Srđević, Bojan; Vujić, Bogdana; Russo, Mário Augusto Tavares; Vujić, Goran

    2016-08-01

    The problems of waste management have become increasingly complex in recent decades. The increasing amount of generated waste, adopted legislation in the field of waste management, administrative issues, economic impacts and social awareness are important drivers in achieving a sustainable waste management system. However, in practice, there are many other drivers that are often mutually in conflict. The purpose of this research is to define the precise driver and their corresponding sub-drivers, which are relevant for developing a waste management system and, on the basis of their importance, to determine which has the predominant influence on the slow development of a waste management system at the national and regional level, within the Republic of Serbia and similar countries of southeast Europe. This research presents two levels of decision making: the first is a pair-wise comparison of the drivers in relation to the goal and the second is a pair-wise comparison of the sub-drivers in relation to the driver and in relation to the goal. Results of performed analyses on the waste management drivers were integrated via the decision-making process supported by an analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The final results of this research shows that the Institutional-Administrative driver is the most important for developing a sustainable waste management system. PMID:27288689

  6. Combined approach of grey relational analysis and analytic hierarchy process for ARCAL/IAEA strategic actions prioritization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Pedro Maffia da; Martins, Eduardo Ferraz; Rondinelli Junior, Francisco, E-mail: pmsilva@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: efmartins@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: rondinel@cnen.gov.br [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Garcia, Pauli Adriano de Almada, E-mail: pauliadriano@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Volta Redonda, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The IAEA technical cooperation (TC) programme is the main mechanism through which the IAEA delivers technical services to its Member States. Through the programme, the IAEA helps Member States to build, strengthen and maintain capacities in the safe, peaceful and secure use of nuclear technology in support of sustainable socioeconomic development. The Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARCAL) is a TC agreement between most IAEA member states in the Latin America and the Caribbean region for technical and economic cooperation to promote the use of nuclear techniques for peace and development. The present study aims to propose a combined approach to prioritize the needs and problems of ARCAL region. To do that, this paper considers the concept of Grey Relational Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process for data treatment, standardization and ranking of those needs and problems. In other words, the proposition intend to reduce the biases that may be introduced along the stage of the needs and problems assessment in the regional strategic profile formulation. (author)

  7. Brackish groundwater membrane system design for sustainable irrigation: Optimal configuration selection using analytic hierarchy process and multi-dimension scaling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beni eLew

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent high demands for reuse of salty water for irrigation affected membrane producers to assess new potential technologies for undesirable physical, chemical and biological contaminants removal. This paper studies the assembly options by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP model and the multi-dimension scaling (MDS techniques. A specialized form of MDS (CoPlot software enables presentation of the AHP outcomes in a two dimensional space and the optimal model can be visualized clearly. Four types of 8 membranes were selected: (i Nanofiltration low rejection and high flux (ESNA1-LF-LD, 86% rejection, 10,500gpd; (ii Nanofiltration medium rejection and medium flux (ESNA1-LF2-LD, 91% rejection, 8,200gpd; (iii Reverse Osmosis high rejection and high flux (CPA5-MAX, 99.7 rejection, 12,000gpd ; and (iv Reverse Osmosis medium rejection and extreme high flux (ESPA4-MAX, 99.2 rejection, 13,200gpd. The results indicate that: (i Nanofiltration membrane (High flux and Low rejection can produce water for irrigation with valuable levels of nutrient ions and a reduction in the sodium absorption ratio (SAR, minimizing soil salinity; this is an attractive option for agricultural irrigation and is the optimal solution; and (ii implementing the MDS approach with reference to the variables is consequently useful to characterize membrane system design.

  8. User needs elicitation via analytic hierarchy process (AHP. A case study on a Computed Tomography (CT scanner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecchia Leandro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The rigorous elicitation of user needs is a crucial step for both medical device design and purchasing. However, user needs elicitation is often based on qualitative methods whose findings can be difficult to integrate into medical decision-making. This paper describes the application of AHP to elicit user needs for a new CT scanner for use in a public hospital. Methods AHP was used to design a hierarchy of 12 needs for a new CT scanner, grouped into 4 homogenous categories, and to prepare a paper questionnaire to investigate the relative priorities of these. The questionnaire was completed by 5 senior clinicians working in a variety of clinical specialisations and departments in the same Italian public hospital. Results Although safety and performance were considered the most important issues, user needs changed according to clinical scenario. For elective surgery, the five most important needs were: spatial resolution, processing software, radiation dose, patient monitoring, and contrast medium. For emergency, the top five most important needs were: patient monitoring, radiation dose, contrast medium control, speed run, spatial resolution. Conclusions AHP effectively supported user need elicitation, helping to develop an analytic and intelligible framework of decision-making. User needs varied according to working scenario (elective versus emergency medicine more than clinical specialization. This method should be considered by practitioners involved in decisions about new medical technology, whether that be during device design or before deciding whether to allocate budgets for new medical devices according to clinical functions or according to hospital department.

  9. A Lambda-Max of consistency test in Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) for weights of road accidents causes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najib, Liana; Abdullah, Lazim

    2013-04-01

    In the new global economy, road accident has become continuing issue in Malaysia without precise solution on searching the weights and ranks of the causes contributing to road accident. The statistical of road accident fatalities in worldwide are generally persist on increasing from day to day. Thus, the aim of the paper is to purpose fuzzy multi criteria decision making (MCDM) to evaluate causes option with respect to road accident problem. The fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) is applied to conduct the relative weights priority related to causes associated with road accident, testing the consistency test of matrix pair-wise comparison of criterion and alternatives by proposed method of Lambda-Max and normalization of weights vectors via Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method as a sequence to rank the weights priority factors. The triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) were applied to handle vagueness and imprecision of the data in fuzzy MCDM. Empirical results are determined by using linguistic variables data via interview with the decision makers. The results demonstrate the capability of the causes contributed to road accident in Malaysia.

  10. Combining analytical hierarchy process and agglomerative hierarchical clustering in search of expert consensus in green corridors development management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapira, Aviad; Shoshany, Maxim; Nir-Goldenberg, Sigal

    2013-07-01

    Environmental management and planning are instrumental in resolving conflicts arising between societal needs for economic development on the one hand and for open green landscapes on the other hand. Allocating green corridors between fragmented core green areas may provide a partial solution to these conflicts. Decisions regarding green corridor development require the assessment of alternative allocations based on multiple criteria evaluations. Analytical Hierarchy Process provides a methodology for both a structured and consistent extraction of such evaluations and for the search for consensus among experts regarding weights assigned to the different criteria. Implementing this methodology using 15 Israeli experts-landscape architects, regional planners, and geographers-revealed inherent differences in expert opinions in this field beyond professional divisions. The use of Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering allowed to identify clusters representing common decisions regarding criterion weights. Aggregating the evaluations of these clusters revealed an important dichotomy between a pragmatist approach that emphasizes the weight of statutory criteria and an ecological approach that emphasizes the role of the natural conditions in allocating green landscape corridors. PMID:23674241

  11. Combined approach of grey relational analysis and analytic hierarchy process for ARCAL/IAEA strategic actions prioritization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA technical cooperation (TC) programme is the main mechanism through which the IAEA delivers technical services to its Member States. Through the programme, the IAEA helps Member States to build, strengthen and maintain capacities in the safe, peaceful and secure use of nuclear technology in support of sustainable socioeconomic development. The Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARCAL) is a TC agreement between most IAEA member states in the Latin America and the Caribbean region for technical and economic cooperation to promote the use of nuclear techniques for peace and development. The present study aims to propose a combined approach to prioritize the needs and problems of ARCAL region. To do that, this paper considers the concept of Grey Relational Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process for data treatment, standardization and ranking of those needs and problems. In other words, the proposition intend to reduce the biases that may be introduced along the stage of the needs and problems assessment in the regional strategic profile formulation. (author)

  12. Locating Landfill for Solid Waste Municipal by Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process & Data Envelopment Analysis(Case Study: Alborz Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Shakeri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Solid waste municipal landfill can have injurious effect on society health, economic and environment. Therefore, spread evaluation in locating landfill is necessary to identifying the best places. The purpose of this paper is locating landfill for solid waste municipal for center of Alborz province.Materials and Method: In this paper, suitable areas are identified for land filling solid waste municipal by weighted linear combination and cluster analysis in 20 years period. Thus, suitable areas were weighted by FAHP method. Those weights were used for ranking areas by DEA technique.Result: Results showed among five landfill alternatives for solid waste municipal for center of Alborz province, alternative 1 is the best for land filling. This place is just 7 percent of total suitable places. Conclusion: The approach are used in this article (combination method of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process & Data envelopment analysis can be suitable for locating in other areas because when an option add or delete; option ranking is not different with previous.

  13. Evaluation of Barriers of Corporate Social Responsibility Using an Analytical Hierarchy Process under a Fuzzy Environment—A Textile Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixin Shen

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The ventilating crisis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR issues in the textiles industry resulted in the engagement of many researchers in the analysis of CSR and its related factors throughout the globe. Some researchers in developed nations extend their policies beyond the boundary of CSR in the textiles industry, but some developing contexts are still limited to this boundary, including India, due to facts that have not yet been revealed. Hence, to fill this gap, this study reveals the factors that are resisting the implementation of CSR in the textiles industry with the assistance of a proposed model, and this model is validated with a case industry situated in southern India. Common barriers are collected through various reliable means, and among those common barriers, the essential barrier was identified with the assistance of the case industrial manager through an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP under a fuzzy environment. The results show that financial constraints comprise the main barrier to the implementation of CSR in the Indian textiles industry, which is then further validated with feedback from case industry managers. This study offers both societal and scientific insights, identifies limitations, and provides an approach that may be extended in the future once additional factors are implemented.

  14. Comparing the Ranking of Cobalt Coating Microstructures, Produced by Direct Current through Experimental Studies and the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Shirdastian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, cobalt has been known as an alternative coating material to chromium in corrosion and erosion resistant applications. Extensive research has been carried out on a variety of electroplated cobalt coatings. In this study, for the first time, the relative priority of cobalt coatings has been evaluated by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, in combination with empirical methods. In the first step, Cu substrates have been coated with Co under different experimental conditions. The SEM micrographs of Co coatings have been analyzed via image analysis (Clemex software. In the second step, through the AHP and the Expert Choice software, benefiting from expert opinions, the relative weights of the effective parameters with an influence on microstructure have been calculated. Subsequently, by using the weights obtained, the relative priority of alternatives was calculated and the quality of coatings was ranked. The predicted ranking has been found to be in consistence with the experimental results. This result shows that before experimental tests, the best alternatives to achieve the ultimate goal could be anticipated. This anticipation leads to reduce in trial and error and the multiplicity of the tests in investigations.

  15. Spatial Analysis in Determination Of Flood Prone Areas Using Geographic Information System and Analytical Hierarchy Process at Sungai Sembrong's Catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukari, S. M.; Ahmad, M. A.; Wai, T. L.; Kaamin, M.; Alimin, N.

    2016-07-01

    Floods that struck Johor state in 2006 and 2007 and the East Coastal in 2014 have triggered a greatly impact to the flood management here in Malaysia. Accordingly, this study conducted to determine potential areas of flooding, especially in Batu Pahat district since it faces terrifying experienced with heavy flood. This objective is archived by using the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) on study area of flood risk location at the watershed area of Sungai Sembrong. GIS functions as spatial analysis is capable to produce new information based on analysis of data stored in the system. Meanwhile the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used as a method for setting up in decision making concerning the existing data. By using AHP method, preparation and position of the criteria and parameters required in GIS are neater and easier to analyze. Through this study, a flood prone area in the watershed of Sungai Sembrong was identified with the help of GIS and AHP. Analysis was conducted to test two different cell sizes, which are 30 and 5. The analysis of flood prone areas were tested on both cell sizes with two different water levels and the results of the analysis were displayed by GIS. Therefore, the use of AHP and GIS are effective and able to determine the potential flood plain areas in the watershed area of Sungai Sembrong.

  16. BENTUK KERJASAMA PUBLIC-PRIVATE PEMBANGUNAN GRAVING DOCK DAN MANAJEMEN GALANGAN KAPAL DENGAN METODE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHI PROCESS (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartono Hartono

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In paper Development of port infrastructure in Indonesia is now no longer the responsibility of centralgovernment, along with limited funds and the government's insistence seaport infrastructure needs. Toaccelerate economic growth, the government issued Government Regulation as a legal umbrella. The purpose ofthis study was to examine public-private partnership opportunities in the construction of graving dock andshipyard management. Targets do is review, the criteria are prioritized cooperation and cooperationpriorities.This study used qualitative and quantitative approach, a descriptive qualitative approach throughinterviews used to assess the normative aspect. The quantitative approach used to assess the priority criteriaforms of cooperation and public-private partnership in development graving dock and shipyard management byusing the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Based on the AHP analysis can be concluded that the expertsdisagree about the priority criteria of cooperation, where the majority of them choose the duration as the maincriterion. As for the analysis of priorities of the cooperation of all experts choose Built-Operate-Transfer (BOT,which is deemed suitable for long-term investment of up to 30 years. BOT puts private partners to more freely tofinance, construct, operate, anticipated rate of return on capital (rate of return and the risks of commercial andregulatory aspects

  17. SELECTION OF PROJECT MANAGERS IN CONSTRUCTION FIRMS USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP AND FUZZY TOPSIS: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Torfi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Selecting a project manager is a major decision for every construction company. Traditionally, a project manager is selected by interviewing applicants and evaluating their capabilities by considering the special requirements of the project. The interviews are usually conducted by senior managers, and the selection of the best candidate depends on their opinions. Thus, the results may not be completely reliable. Moreover, conducting interviews for a large group of candidates is time-consuming. Thus, there is a need for computational models that can be used to select the most suitable applicant, given the project specifications and the applicants’ details. In this paper, a case study is performed in which a Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making (FMCDM model is used to select the best candidate for the post of project manager in a large construction firm. First, with the opinions of the senior managers, all the criteria and sub-criteria required for the selection are gathered, and the criteria priorities are qualitatively specified. Then, the applicants are ranked using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, approximate weights of the criteria, and fuzzy technique for order performance by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS. The results of the case study are shown to be satisfactory.

  18. Benefit evaluation of the Three-Gorges Reservoir migration by an assessment index model based on analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-hui; GAN Lian-jun

    2007-01-01

    An assessment index model was established to evaulate the benefit of the Three-Gorges Reservoir migration through the analytical hierarchy process. Totally 43 indicators were selected to assess the impact of migration on the economic, social and ecological environmental aspects of the migration communities, with the data of the indicators of the years 1992, 1998, 2002 which represented the period of premigration, the end of the first phase migration and the end of the second phase migration, respectively. The evaluation matrix is sufficiently consistent, with a consistency ratio CR equal to 0.086 3. The assessment turned out a benefit value for the economic subsystem in the year 2004 larger than triple the value in the year 1992, indicating a remarkable economic growth in the Reservoir area. The constantly increasing value for the social subsystem reflects the stable social situations. There is a slight decline in the assessment outcome of the ecological subsystem for the year 1998, which implies enviromental conservation was given insufficient importance during that period. On the whole, the implementation of the migration project is favorable to the Reservoir region, as confirmed by the stably increasing overall evaluation value from 42.22% in 1992 to 68.81% in 2002. However, there is still much room to improve from the status quo to the target criteria.

  19. Investigation of Lab Fire Prevention Management System of Combining Root Cause Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process with Event Tree Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Chan Shih

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed a new approach, combining root cause analysis (RCA, analytic hierarchy process (AHP, and event tree analysis (ETA in a loop to systematically evaluate various laboratory safety prevention strategies. First, 139 fire accidents were reviewed to identify the root causes and draw out prevention strategies. Most fires were caused due to runaway reactions, operation error and equipment failure, and flammable material release. These mostly occurred in working places of no prompt fire protection. We also used AHP to evaluate the priority of these strategies and found that chemical fire prevention strategy is the most important control element, and strengthening maintenance and safety inspection intensity is the most important action. Also together with our surveys results, we proposed that equipment design is also critical for fire prevention. Therefore a technical improvement was propounded: installing fire detector, automatic sprinkler, and manual extinguisher in the lab hood as proactive fire protections. ETA was then used as a tool to evaluate laboratory fire risks. The results indicated that the total risk of a fire occurring decreases from 0.0351 to 0.0042 without/with equipment taking actions. Establishing such system can make Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S office not only analyze and prioritize fire prevention policies more practically, but also demonstrate how effective protective equipment improvement can achieve and the probabilities of the initiating event developing into a serious accident or controlled by the existing safety system.

  20. Evaluation of Deterministic and Complex Analytical Hierarchy Process Methods for Agricultural Land Suitability Analysis in a Changing Climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harmen Romeijn

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Land suitability analysis is employed to evaluate the appropriateness of land for a particular purpose whilst integrating both qualitative and quantitative inputs, which can be continuous in nature. However, in agricultural modelling there is often a disregard of this contiguous aspect. Therefore, some parametric procedures for suitability analysis compartmentalise units into defined membership classes. This imposition of crisp boundaries neglects the continuous formations found throughout nature and overlooks differences and inherent uncertainties found in the modelling. This research will compare two approaches to suitability analysis over three differing methods. The primary approach will use an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP, while the other approach will use a Fuzzy AHP over two methods; Fitted Fuzzy AHP and Nested Fuzzy AHP. Secondary to this, each method will be assessed into how it behaves in a climate change scenario to understand and highlight the role of uncertainties in model conceptualisation and structure. Outputs and comparisons between each method, in relation to area, proportion of membership classes and spatial representation, showed that fuzzy modelling techniques detailed a more robust and continuous output. In particular the Nested Fuzzy AHP was concluded to be more pertinent, as it incorporated complex modelling techniques, as well as the initial AHP framework. Through this comparison and assessment of model behaviour, an evaluation of each methods predictive capacity and relevance for decision-making purposes in agricultural applications is gained.

  1. Blending the Analytic Hierarchy Process and Fuzzy Logical Systems in Scenic Beauty Assessment of Check Dams in Streams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szu-Hsien Peng

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With Taiwan’s steep terrain and fracture geology, natural disasters are likely to occur after heavy rainfall. To reduce the effects of upstream sediment on human surroundings, check dams are an essential transverse structure for streams in watersheds. However, there is likely to be a detrimental visual impact on the landscape without consideration of the integration of dams with the environment. Based on previous studies of landscape assessment, this paper considers the factors of texture, color, and form, often used as part of expert paradigms, as the major aesthetic aspects of check dams. These factors are used to construct an expert questionnaire using the Delphi Method and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. The preliminary criteria and weights for Scenic Beauty Assessment of check dams are determined based on the results of AHP. A Fuzzy Logical System is further applied to solve the linguistic fuzziness of landscape assessment so as to establish a complete expert scenic beauty assessment model. Five cases are further tested for comparison with 224 public samples with Scenic Beauty Estimation (SBE. Results demonstrate that the model presents the validity of expert paradigm and the reliability of the psychophysical paradigm. These results can provide a reference for engineering designers seeking to integrate check dams with the natural landscape. The results indicate that the present method can efficiently assess the scenic beauty of check dams as established by a scientific method.

  2. Manifestation of an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP Model on Fire Potential Zonation Mapping in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin Kumar Chhetri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Even though fewer people die as a result of fire than other natural disasters, such as earthquake, flood, landslide, etc., the average loss of property due to fire is high. Kathmandu Metropolitan City is becoming more vulnerable to fire due to haphazard urbanization and increase in population. To control problems due to fire, systematic studies are necessary, including fire potential mapping and risk assessment. This study applies an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP method in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal for generation of fire potential zonation map. The fire potential zonation map is prepared on the basis of available data of land use, fuel stations, and population density. This map shows that 58.04% of the study area falls under low fire potential zone, 32.92% falls under moderate fire potential zone and 9.04% falls under high fire potential zone. The map is also validated through major past fire incidents. The results show that the predicted fire potential zones are found to be in good agreement with past fire incidents, and, hence, the map can be used for future land-use planning.

  3. E-Voting Risk and Risk Management Evaluation using Analytical Hierarchy Process: The Case of Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amry, F. A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold; to investigate the risks involving with e-voting and to evaluate the risk management of policy of e-voting. In the country of Oman, the Ministry of Interior (MOI has already implemented an e-voting system making use of the e-Authentication technique, which uses the existing National ID Card to authenticate citizens for voting. This new e-voting system will give solutions that shall allow all citizens to come to election points and get authenticated through their National ID Card before proceeding to the vote. The solution shall be hosted within the current National ID System, taking advantage of the electronic authentication of the cards while enhancing these capabilities with functions specific to the election process, ensuring election rights and introducing vote timestamp storage in the cards. However; review and observation within Ministry of Interior (MOI of Oman concluded that there is no documented Risk Management Plan that can foresee risks, estimate impacts, and define responses to issues relating with risks involving voting process in the country of Oman. In the context of e-voting systems, risk management is regarded as the characterization of the e- Voting System in Oman; this consists of defining the system for the risk assessment. This is the assessment of system elements, such as hardware, software, system interfaces, data and information, personnel actions, and the mission of the e- Voting system. This is followed by the Identification Threat Sources, Vulnerability Identification, Controls Analysis, Threat Likelihood, performance of impact Analysis and risk level. It is then followed by the Development of Risk Mitigation Strategies and finally the documentation of Results.

  4. Validating and Determining the Weight of Items Used for Evaluating Clinical Governance Implementation Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaheh Hooshmand

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background The purpose of implementing a system such as Clinical Governance (CG is to integrate, establish and globalize distinct policies in order to improve quality through increasing professional knowledge and the accountability of healthcare professional toward providing clinical excellence. Since CG is related to change, and change requires money and time, CG implementation has to be focused on priority areas that are in more dire need of change. The purpose of the present study was to validate and determine the significance of items used for evaluating CG implementation. Methods The present study was descriptive-quantitative in method and design. Items used for evaluating CG implementation were first validated by the Delphi method and then compared with one another and ranked based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP model. Results The items that were validated for evaluating CG implementation in Iran include performance evaluation, training and development, personnel motivation, clinical audit, clinical effectiveness, risk management, resource allocation, policies and strategies, external audit, information system management, research and development, CG structure, implementation prerequisites, the management of patients’ non-medical needs, complaints and patients’ participation in the treatment process. The most important items based on their degree of significance were training and development, performance evaluation, and risk management. The least important items included the management of patients’ non-medical needs, patients’ participation in the treatment process and research and development. Conclusion The fundamental requirements of CG implementation included having an effective policy at national level, avoiding perfectionism, using the expertise and potentials of the entire country and the coordination of this model with other models of quality improvement such as accreditation and patient safety.

  5. Multicriteria decision analysis based on analytic hierarchy process in GIS environment for siting nuclear power plant in Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    (WLC) method. The relative scores and weight of factors which were used in the maps conducted by pairwise comparison were fed into Expert choice software that runs the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Final composite map of potential site priorities were represented by several polygons produced in MCDA add-in as an open source tool in Arc GIS 10.1. Four sites, all located along the North western and the Red Sea coasts were chosen as Candidate sites after eliminating the lowest scoring sites The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to select a suitable site by pairwise comparison and by calculating eigenvectors using Expert Choice software. The sites were ranked to determine the most desirable site. The El Dabaa site was found to be most suitable, followed by the East El Negila site on the Mediterranean Sea

  6. GIS and the analytic hierarchy process for regional landfill site selection in transitional countries: a case study from Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelenović Vasiljević, Tamara; Srdjević, Zorica; Bajčetić, Ratko; Vojinović Miloradov, Mirjana

    2012-02-01

    The Serbian National Waste Management Strategy for the Period 2010-2019, harmonized with the European Union Directives, mandates new and very strict requirements for landfill sites. To enable analysis of a number of required qualitative and quantitative factors for landfill site selection, the traditional method of site selection must be replaced with a new approach. The combination of GIS and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was selected to solve this complex problem. The Srem region in northern Serbia, being one of the most environmentally sensitive areas, was chosen as a case study. Seventeen factors selected as criteria/sub-criteria were recognized as most important, divided into geo-natural, environmental, social and techno-economic factors, and were evaluated by experts from different fields using an AHP extension in Arc GIS. Weighted spatial layers were combined into a landfill suitability map which was then overlapped with four restriction maps, resulting in a final suitability map. According to the results, 82.65% of the territory of Srem is unsuitable for regional landfill siting. The most suitable areas cover 9.14%, suitable areas 5.24%, while areas with low and very low suitability cover 2.21 and 0.76% of the territory, respectively. Based on these findings, five sites close to two large urban agglomerations were suggested as possible locations for a regional landfill site in Srem. However, the final decision will require further field investigation, a public acceptance survey, and consideration of ownership status and price of the land. PMID:22134738

  7. Assessing the most suitable floor system for growing-finishing piggery under tropical conditions using the analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Studies were carried out worldwide for evaluating different types of floor systems for growing-finishing pigs, specifically for assessing their effectiveness on pig performance, health and behaviour, leaving the opportunity for using multi-criteria analysis in decisionmaking towards the selection of flooring type. This study aimed to select the most suitable floor system for growing-finishing pigs under tropical conditions, considering performance traits and farmers management aspects. The analytic hierarchy process was applied for seeking the best solution considering both the farmers’ goals and the pigs’ welfare. Aspects considered in the analysis were: economic feasibility, rearing thermal and aerial ambient, animal behaviour, performance, and health status. The input used in the calculation was based on the results of a field trial using three treatments: whole concrete floor, coffee and rice husk bedding, and wood shavings deepbedding. Rearing conditions and pigs’ physiological parameters, performance, behaviour, and health status were analysed. When the floor system was considered, the most significant criteria were economic feasibility (0.31 and overall pig performance (0.31 leading to a final deep-bedding selection ranking of coffee and rice husks (1st, concrete floor (2nd, and wood shavings (3rd. Conversely, when the animal welfare was considered, the most decisive criterion was health status (0.32, followed by physiological parameters (0.25, and behaviour (0.23 leading to a final bedding selection ranking of coffee and rice husks (1st, wood shavings (2nd, and concrete floor (3rd. Results indicate that the deep-bedding of coffee and rice husks provided the best choice for both the farmer and the growing-finishing pigs.

  8. An Approach to the Control Management of Gaseous Pollutants Emissions from Power Plants Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FATEMEH TANHA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Population growth, industrial pollution and high-energy consumption, cause the release of significant amounts of pollutants in the environment. Power plants play an important role in the release of pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and carbon dioxide. If the necessary measures in the field of prevention and control do not be implemented, human health and other living creatures would be at risk. The aim of this study was to control management of gaseous pollutants emissions from power plants using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. In this study, first, the emission rate of power plant pollutants from existing monitors was directly examined. In order to determine priority control from a variety of pollutants, SO2, NOX, and CO2 gases were selected using the AHP method. Assessment criteria were determined using previous studies. To specify the priority control first the weight matrix of criteria determination and then the relative weight of each of the pollutants was identified. Finally, the ultimate weight of each pollutant was identified using the calculation of the arithmetic mean in the AHP method. Among the trio-selected pollutants determined for priority control, the NOX  with the final weight of 0.577 was regarded as the first priority, SO2  with the final weight of 0.32 considered as the second priority and the third priority was specified to CO2  with the final weight of 0.093. The present study is a new approach to identify and prioritize pollutants. It has provided the ability to plan and carry out the appropriate control design for power plant pollutants.

  9. Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Luthra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The study aims to identify and rank the major strategies that help achieve successful implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM in Indian manufacturing industry.Design/methodology/approach – Strategies to implement GSCM have been identified thorough extensive literature review and then experts’ opinion is sought for categorizing them into four representative dimensions which are then ranked using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP.Findings – The study categorizes the GSCM implementation strategies into four dimensions - Non members of supply chain, downward stream supply chain Members, Organizational members of supply chain and upward stream supply chain members. These dimensions are found to play an important role in greening the supply chains enabling the practicing firms achieve enhanced operational performances.Research limitations/implications- AHP is used for ranking the GSCM implementation strategies in Indian manufacturing scenario. The pair-wise comparisons are made on the basis of the opinion of the experts drawn from academia and industry. As is natural, opinions of experts may not always be free from bias or prejudices. Moreover, the study relied more on the GSCM practices literature in developed nations as only limited literature related to the undertaken work in the Indian context was available.Practical implications – This paper may play important role in understanding various strategies and ranking them in order of importance. This facilitates firms prioritize different actions for achieving high GSCM performances in Indian manufacturing industry. Strategic implementation of green supply chain management will help Indian manufacturing enterprises enjoy cost and efficiency benefits.Originality/value – GSCM is a relatively new topic for majority of Indian manufacturing industries. This work is likely to help GSCM practitioners select suitable strategies in consonance with the government regulations

  10. Susceptibility assessment of debris flows using the analytic hierarchy process method-A case study in Subao river valley, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xingzhang Chen; Hui Chen; Yong You; Jinfeng Liu

    2015-01-01

    Many debris flows have occurred in the areas surrounding the epicenter of the Wenchuan earthquake. Susceptibility assessment of debris flows in this area is especially important for disaster prevention and mitigation. This paper studies one of the worst hit areas, the Subao river valley, and the susceptibility assessment of debris flows is performed based on field surveys and remote sensing interpretation. By investigating the formation conditions of debris flows in the valley, the following assessment factors are selected: mixture density of landslides and rock avalanches, distance to the seismogenic fault, stratum lithology, ground roughness, and hillside angle. The weights of the assessment factors are determined by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method. Each of the assessment factors is further divided into five grades. Then, the assessment model is built using the multifactor superposition method to assess the debris flow susceptibility. Based on the assessment results, the Subao river valley is divided into three areas: high susceptibility areas, medium susceptibility areas, and low susceptibility areas. The high susceptibility areas are concentrated in the middle of the valley, accounting for 17.6%of the valley area. The medium susceptibility areas are in the middle and lower reaches, most of which are located on both sides of the high susceptibility areas and account for 45.3% of the valley area. The remainders are clas-sified as low susceptibility areas. The results of the model are in accordance with the actual debris flow events that occurred after the earthquake in the valley, confirming that the proposed model is capable of assessing the debris flow susceptibility. The results can also provide guidance for reconstruction planning and debris flow prevention in the Subao river valley.

  11. 基于层次分析法的供应商选择评价系统%Supplier Assessment and Choosing System Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董明望; 周志龙

    2011-01-01

    运用层次分析法对供应商选择问题进行定量和定性的分析,为决策者提供了一个定量的依据.同时,基于VB设计了供应商选择评价系统,实现层次分析过程,可以提高决策者的工作效率和准确性.%With the analytical hierarchy process ( AHP) , the problem of supplier selection can be analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively,thus the policy makers could be provided with the basic data. Meanwhile,with the application of supplier assessment and choosing system (which is designed in the VB environment) , analytic hierarchy process can be realized to improve the efficiency and accuracy of policymakers' work.

  12. Farming Differentiation in the Rural-urban Interface of the Middle Mountains, Nepal: Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatta, G.D.; Doppler, W

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the dominant factors of farming differentiation in the rural-urban interface of the densely populated Kathmandu Valley, using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) modeling. The rural-urban interface in the Kathmandu Valley is an important vegetable production pocket which supplies a large amount of the vegetables in the city core. While subsistence farming in the rural area is characterized by a system which integrates livestock and forestry with agriculture, th...

  13. Utilizing the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Establish Weighted Values for Evaluating the Stability of Slope Revegetation based on Hydroseeding Applications in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Sung-Ho Kil; Dong Kun Lee; Jun-Hyun Kim; Ming-Han Li; Galen Newman

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the major variables identified as important for considering the stabilization of slope revegetation based on hydroseeding applications and evaluate weights of each variable using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) with both environmental experts and civil engineers. Twenty-five variables were selected by the experts’ survey from a total of 65 from the existing literature, with each variable considered as an important factor for slope stabilization in So...

  14. A cooperative approach to animal disease response activities: Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and vvIBD in California poultry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Emi K; Shea, Supie; Jones, Annette; Ramos, Gregory; Pitesky, Maurice

    2015-09-01

    Very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDv) was first detected in the United States at the end of 2008. Since its detection, Federal and State animal health officials, the poultry industry and the research/academic community have led response activities through a collaborative effort. By June 2011, much still remained unknown regarding the basic epidemiology and ecology of vvIBD in California, although there were a number of potential activities to fill this information gap. Available resources limited the ability to pursue all the activities, and responsible parties and stakeholders recognized the need to prioritize the activities. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a useful multi-criteria decision making methodology that incorporates qualitative information (in the form of judgments) with available quantitative information. This is especially useful when there is very limited quantitative information, such as in the situation with vvIBD in California. A commercial package that allows ready use of the AHP model was utilized for prioritizing activities, incorporating input from members from the three stakeholder groups: State and Federal animal health officials, poultry industry, and research/academia. Based on their inputs on 17 potential activities, the participants identified three priority activities; specifically determination of risk factors for re-emergence or re-introduction at affected premises, development of a laboratory diagnostic test to screen for segment B of the vvIBDV genome and surveillance of other potential reservoirs (mealworms, rodents, beetles). In order to evaluate the ability of the AHP to respond to differences, a sensitivity analysis was done in order to evaluate changes in prioritization of activities. Changes in prioritization were noted demonstrating the plasticity of the model under different conditions. However, a 50% increase or decrease in weighting was necessary to affect the order of the three highest scoring

  15. Research on performance evaluation system by analytic hierarchy process%基于层次分析法的绩效考核体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁玉龙

    2008-01-01

    通过对齐创公司现行绩效考核制度的问题诊断与分析,提出了其绩效考核制度,在此基础上建立了绩效考核指标体系.利用层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process)确定相关指标的权重,对考核指标进行综合评价,从而建立了公司绩效考核体系模型.

  16. 层次分析法在IT项目开发管理中的应用%Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process in IT Project Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2008-01-01

    层次分析法(Analytical Hierarchy Process 简称AHP)是对一些较为复杂、较为模糊的问题作出决策的简易方法,它特别适用于那些难于完全定量分析的问题.在项目管理中引入层次分析法,对影响IT项目开发效率的各因素进行定量分析,力争得出科学合理的结论.

  17. Investigating the Strengths and Weaknesses of Bojnurd Islamic Azad University in Order to Strategic Planning by Fuzzy Hierarchy Analysis (Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Batyari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A large part of country's economy in the new era is based on knowledge and intellectual activities produced in universities. In recent years, the concepts related to strategic management have been issued in the universities of our country and some of them have attempted to exploit strategic management benefits in order to manage their activities more efficiently. Nowadays, increasing growth of organizations and competition for gaining more market share has doubled the necessity of appropriate strategic plans. Generally, grand strategies are threefold: aggressive strategies, defensive strategies and stability strategies. This research investigate inner environment (strengths and weaknesses of Bojnourd Islamic Azad University, using SWOT analysis. In rating inner factors Fuzzy hierarchy analysis was used in which factor's weight was calculated by hierarchy analysis and using QSB software. The results showed that in strategic planning strengths were more important that weaknesses. In weaknesses set, lack of scientific - research in most training departments and in strengths set the existence of rather young and efficient faculty had the first priority and rank.

  18. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in College Selection Strategy%层次分析法在高考志愿选择策略上的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向宇

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the main factors are considered on how to conduct college selection. The AHP is used to solve the problem of voluntary college seletion. Reasonable assumptions are first given, the analytic hierarchy process yaahp 0.5.2 software is used to develop a hierarchy diagram of the factors affecting college selection, and finally the weight between the dicision hicrarchy and the target hierarchy is obtaineed. Areasonable sequencing for the colleges to be considered is given according to the weight factors and proposals for college application are given.%主要在综合考虑各种因素下如何进行高考志愿选择的问题,利用层次分析法解决考生高考志愿选择问题.首先对问题进行合理的假设,利用层次分析法yaahp0.5.2软件,做出影响高考志愿诸因素的层次结构图,最后综合得出得决策层对目标层的权重,根据所得的权重数给出高校的合理排序,并给出填写志愿的方案.

  19. Contribution of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP method for supporting the decision to outsource or internalize activities in the context of technology-based company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Paula Reis

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The definition of business model requires, among other decisions, the structure of the value chain of an emerging new organization. This structure depends on the decision to outsource or internalize sets of processes and their activities. This decision fundamentally strategic, demand a correct definition of the activities that actually add value to the business, and therefore desirable a methodology able to assist the manager in the process of decision making. This paper aims to propose a process to aid decision to outsource or internalize activities in the context of a technology-based company, using the strategy of action research methods associated with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP and focus group technique. The study has resulted in the structuring of the decision process and criteria relevant to the identification of activities to be internalized by the technology-based company.

  20. Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Cosmonaut System%层次分析法在航天员系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯迎春; 赵新国

    2001-01-01

    As a decision-making course, the analytic hierarchy processprovides a basic method to express decision-making factor degree. It makes full use of human′s experience and judge ability by adopting the form of relatively scale. Through the application in cosmonaut system by combining qualitative estimate and quantitative calculate in the complexity system, the analytic hierarchy process is more useful to deal with multi-object question.%层次分析法作为一种决策过程,提供了一种表示决策因素测度的基本方法。这种方法采用相对标度的形式,并充分利用了人的经验和判断能力。在航天员系统中将一个复杂系统用定性判断和定量计算有效结合,最后得出层次分析法对多目标评价决策更为适用的结论。

  1. ANALISIS PEMILIHAN PERANGKAT LUNAK SISTEM ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP MENGGUNAKAN ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP: STUDI KASUS PADA PT CILIANDRA PERKASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roni Kurniawan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP can be described as a concept for planning and managing organization resources to create value added for stakeholders. PT Ciliandra Perkasa as an agribusiness company realized the importance of ERP system to support their operational activities. Indeed, there are many problems on the ERP implementation. Therefore, it is needed to build a proper ERP system process to be implemented. This issue will be the research problem. Implementing a qualitative method, this research uses primary data and secondary data as samples. Tests and analysis use Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP which its results are expected to guide the management of PT Ciliandra Perkasa in selecting proper software of ERP application.

  2. OW DIFFERENT ARE THE PERCEPTIONS OVER THE MAIN MOTIVATIONAL TOOLS IN MILITARY? AN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) APPROACH.

    OpenAIRE

    Paul - Mugurel POLEANSCHI

    2014-01-01

    In the Romanian military system, motivational rewards based on merits are precisely regulated and ranked as confined by the military order in which they are mentioned. The existing hierarchy of these main motivational rewards is partly inherited, partly harmonized with other international military partner organizations and it is implicitly assumed that decision makers are able to equidistantly evaluate the merits of their subordinates. Still, decision makers’ personal, implicit perceptions ov...

  3. A Multi-Study Program Recommender System Using Content-Based Filtering and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Marlinda

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Deciding a field of study from several provided fields is one of the most essential moments in a new student life because it is related to the future he/she wants to be. Since there are many criteria that must be considered, then through this recommender system, students are able to know what fields are the most appropriate for them. This system is built based on Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP method and Content Based filtering. When a student fills out a questionnaire, he must be consistent with his/her answer to obtain the best output based on his/her will and characteristics. After conducting some experiments of 100 respondents, 87 respondents succeeded filling out the questionnaire completely. Among provided field of studies, 22.99% of them chosen are medicine, 16.09% are accounting, and 5.7% are not chosen at all.

  4. Multi criteria decision making to select the best method for the preparation of solid lipid nanoparticles of rasagiline mesylate using analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunasekaran, Viveksarathi; Krishnamoorthy, Kannan

    2014-07-01

    The objective of this study was to select best method for the development of rasagiline mesylate (RM) loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Improper method selection may lead to waste of time, loss of material and financial resources. One of the possibilities to overcome these difficulties, AHP was employed to find the suitable method. In the AHP, a decision of hierarchy was constructed with a goal, criteria, sub-criteria, and alternatives. After constructing the AHP, the expert choice software was used to compute the overall priority of criteria, sub-criteria and alternatives. The best alternative selected was based on the highest priority. Nanoscale solid lipid particles of RM was formulated by the selected microemulsion method (M4) and it shows the particle size, polydispersity index and zeta potential were within acceptable limits. Drug content and entrapment efficiency of the RM-solid lipid nanoparticles were 97.26% and 86.57%, respectively. This study concludes that the AHP was viable and effective tool for selecting a most suitable method for the fabrication of RM loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles.

  5. Multi criteria decision making to select the best method for the preparation of solid lipid nanoparticles of rasagiline mesylate using analytic hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunasekaran, Viveksarathi; Krishnamoorthy, Kannan

    2014-07-01

    The objective of this study was to select best method for the development of rasagiline mesylate (RM) loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Improper method selection may lead to waste of time, loss of material and financial resources. One of the possibilities to overcome these difficulties, AHP was employed to find the suitable method. In the AHP, a decision of hierarchy was constructed with a goal, criteria, sub-criteria, and alternatives. After constructing the AHP, the expert choice software was used to compute the overall priority of criteria, sub-criteria and alternatives. The best alternative selected was based on the highest priority. Nanoscale solid lipid particles of RM was formulated by the selected microemulsion method (M4) and it shows the particle size, polydispersity index and zeta potential were within acceptable limits. Drug content and entrapment efficiency of the RM-solid lipid nanoparticles were 97.26% and 86.57%, respectively. This study concludes that the AHP was viable and effective tool for selecting a most suitable method for the fabrication of RM loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles. PMID:25126532

  6. Multi criteria decision making to select the best method for the preparation of solid lipid nanoparticles of rasagiline mesylate using analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viveksarathi Kunasekaran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to select best method for the development of rasagiline mesylate (RM loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles using analytic hierarchy process (AHP. Improper method selection may lead to waste of time, loss of material and financial resources. One of the possibilities to overcome these difficulties, AHP was employed to find the suitable method. In the AHP, a decision of hierarchy was constructed with a goal, criteria, sub-criteria, and alternatives. After constructing the AHP, the expert choice software was used to compute the overall priority of criteria, sub-criteria and alternatives. The best alternative selected was based on the highest priority. Nanoscale solid lipid particles of RM was formulated by the selected microemulsion method (M4 and it shows the particle size, polydispersity index and zeta potential were within acceptable limits. Drug content and entrapment efficiency of the RM-solid lipid nanoparticles were 97.26% and 86.57%, respectively. This study concludes that the AHP was viable and effective tool for selecting a most suitable method for the fabrication of RM loaded nanoscale solid lipid particles.

  7. A Variant Perspective to Multi Criteria ABC Analysis Problem: Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process - Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı Kılıç

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In today's competitive market conditions, organizations have to develop and implement effective inventory policies to minimize their costs, and maximize profit. Inventories have an important place in the total assets of production enterprises. Applying efficient inventory control and management policies for this significant item is very important for the future of the organizations. In this paper, initially an ABC analysis method had been applied to a firm operating at the chemical group of a conglomerate. Then, to classify the inventory as multi criteria; primarily criteria weights are determined by the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP and then stock keeping units are ranked according to their significances with Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS method. Finally, the differences are presented between classical ABC analysis and FAHP-TOPSIS results for classifying the inventories.

  8. Identification and prioritization of the effective factors on the choice of optimal marketing strategy in recession situations using fuzzy and Group Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Kariznoee

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available It is obvious that recession situation leads to demands reduction. Therefore, companies encounter challenges and weak businesses are disappeared and resistant and strength companies remain. In this situation considering the marketing department especially marketing strategy play a significant role. There are many marketing strategies. Companies use these strategies based on their needs or formulate new strategy with regard to their internal and external circumstances. This paper identify and prioritize the important factors in determination and selection appropriate marketing strategy through reviewing previous studies related to strategies used in recession condition and interviewing with experts. Thus, fuzzy and group analytic hierarchy process, which is a common and widely used decision making method, have been used in this study also the excel software was used in this study. The results of this study indicate that the major factors influencing the selection of appropriate marketing strategies, in order of preference, are price, product, distribution networks, and staff.

  9. 层次分析法在大学生职业选择中的应用%Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process on Collegians' Occupation Choices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉兰

    2012-01-01

    运用层次分析法,根据大学生职业选择的影响因素及其相互之间的重要度值,建立了职业选择的判断矩阵,并得到可供选择的工作的权重,希望对以后大学生择业能有一定的帮助,使其能选择一个更加适合自己的工作.%According to the factors that affecting the collegians' occupation choices and the relative importance, a judgement matrix of the occupation choices is established, and get the weights of the jobs which can be selected by using the analytic hierarchy process. Hope to have some help for the collegians when they choose career, so that they can choose a more suitable work.

  10. 利用层次分析法决策购房问题%On decision-making for house purchasing by adopting analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯品; 夏建忠

    2011-01-01

    Adopting the analytic hierarchy process,the paper analyzes the factors which influence the decision-making for personal house purchasing from the economy,the environment,the location,and the quality,and investigates and sequences the satisfactory degrees for the residents' selection for house purchasing by using the method and combining with the three buildings in Haikou,so as to achieve the most satisfactory building.%利用层次分析法,从经济、环境、区位、质量四个方面分析了影响决策个人购房的因素,并进一步利用该方法结合海口市的三个楼盘对住户购房选择的满意度进行调查和排序,从而得出最满意的楼盘。

  11. Application of Old House Renovation Decision Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的旧房改造决策应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜威威; 李志鹏

    2013-01-01

    Old house renovation is a problem faced by every continuous developing city. Simply assessing from the technology and economy, many old buildings should be removed, however, due to the using values of housing, the demands of homeowners and investors, the different requirements of planning, the historic conservation values and so on, old buildings must be retained and should be maintained and reformed. The paper analyzes the necessity of old house renovation and the application of analytic hierarchy process, provides reference for renovation design and saving money, at the same time, it applies analytic hierarchy process in the field of old house renovation decision and acquires favorable effects.%旧房改造是每一个不断发展中的城市面临的问题。单纯从技术经济上评估很多旧建筑,应予以拆除,但由于房屋的使用价值、房屋所有者、投资者的需求及规划上要求的不同以及历史保留价值等因素,还必须保留它们,并加以维修改造。本文阐述了旧房改造的必要性及层次分析法原理在其中的应用,为旧房改造设计和节约资金提供依据,同时将层次分析法应用于旧房改造决策领域,能够取得很好的效果。

  12. User needs elicitation via analytic hierarchy process (AHP). A case study on a Computed Tomography (CT) scanner

    OpenAIRE

    Pecchia Leandro; Martin Jennifer L; Ragozzino Angela; Vanzanella Carmela; Scognamiglio Arturo; Mirarchi Luciano; Morgan Stephen P

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background The rigorous elicitation of user needs is a crucial step for both medical device design and purchasing. However, user needs elicitation is often based on qualitative methods whose findings can be difficult to integrate into medical decision-making. This paper describes the application of AHP to elicit user needs for a new CT scanner for use in a public hospital. Methods AHP was used to design a hierarchy of 12 needs for a new CT scanner, grouped into 4 homogenous categorie...

  13. Critical Success Factors of Customers Experience in Iranian Banks and their Ranking by Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariddeddin Allameh Haery

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the importance of experiences is uncovered to any businesses especially in service offering segments. Businesses can insure success by creating optimized experiences for their customer. This article seeks to enrich the understanding of critical success factors of customer experience by providing an overview of existing CFS literature and suggesting and prioritizing the specific elements of critical success factors of customer experience in order to improve bank’s services. For this purpose we conduct a survey by participation of 384 bank’s customers. Analytic hierarchical process has been applied in order to determine and prioritize the critical success factors. Results suggest that from the viewpoint of customers, behavioral aspect possesses the highest priority among all the other factors and cognitive element has the second priority. Also sub-criteria comparison result indicate that sub-factors of employee, service process, speed, physical evidence, marketing mix and convenience are ranked first to sixth between other sub-factors. In addition by calculating inconsistency rate of pair-wise comparison, consistency of these factors is also acceptable.

  14. Municipal solid waste landfill site selection with geographic information systems and analytical hierarchy process: a case study in Mahshahr County, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavi, Nadali; Goudarzi, Gholamreza; Babaei, Ali Akbar; Jaafarzadeh, Nemat; Hosseinzadeh, Mohsen

    2013-01-01

    Landfill siting is a complicated process because it must combine social, environmental and technical factors. In this study, in order to consider all factors and rating criteria, a combination of geographic information systems and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was used to determine the best sites for disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Mahshahr County, Iran. In order to the decision making for landfill siting a structural hierarchy formed and the most important criteria: surface water, sensitive ecosystems, land cover, urban and rural areas, land uses, distance to roads, slope and land type were chosen according to standards and regulations. Each criterion was evaluated by rating methods. In the next step the relative importance of criteria to each other was determined by AHP. Land suitability for landfill was evaluated by simple additive weighting method. According to the landfill suitability map, the study area classified to four categories: high, moderate, low and very low suitability areas, which represented 18.6%, 20.3%, 1.6 and 0.8% of the study area respectively. The other 58.7% of the study area was determined to be completely unsuitable for landfill. By considering the parameters, such as the required area for landfill, distance to MSW generation points, and political and management issues, and consulting with municipalities managers in the study area, six sites were chosen for site visiting. The result of field study showed that it is a supplementary, and necessary, step in finding the best candidate landfill site from land with high suitability. PMID:22878933

  15. Sensitivity analysis of the evaluation of power plants impact on the living standard using the analytic hierarchy process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten types of power plant were evaluated as to their impact on the living standard. Power plant evaluation incorporates a number of criteria that can be assessed either objectively or subjectively. Objective assessments are usually quantitative and are based on real data, while subjective assessments are rather qualitative and derive from decision makers' intuition, culture and experience. Because of diversity of decision makers' opinions, subjective assessments are due to vary. Several scenarios should therefore be examined in order to evaluate what happens under different assessments. Even objective assessments can vary because of data changes due to technology and socioeconomic evolution. This is why the application of a sensitivity analysis is required in order to examine result changes under different input data. This analysis should cover all criteria and subcriteria as well as their possible combinations in the different levels of the hierarchy tree. The results show that the five types of renewable energy based power plant rank in the first five positions regardless of criteria weight variations, due to their balanced high scores against them. Only biomass drops to the eighth position when quality of life has 100% weight. Nuclear power plants show impressive score and ranking variations between the first position for 100% quality of life weight and the tenth for 100% socioeconomic aspects weight. Natural gas based power plants rank slightly higher when quality of life importance increases while coal/lignite and oil have slightly better rankings when priority is given to socioeconomic aspects

  16. Applying new hybrid method of analytical hierarchy process, Monte Carlo Simulation and PROMETHEE to prioritize and selecting appropriate target market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Kariznoee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Making decision to choose the appropriate target market is one of the key decisions in the success of firms, which has direct effect in the amount of their profits. The aim of this paper is to introduce and use of new hybrid method of AHP, Monte Carlo simulation and PROMETHEE to prioritize cities to establish retailers, considering different indices. The problem of this study is related to a factory, constructing premade pieces of buildings, that to introduce and distribute its new products is searching the new retailers in different cities. To prioritize cities, with the interview with experts and the studying of the previous works the indices have been determined and the hierarchy pattern has been made. Then using the hybrid method of AHP and Monte Carlo simulation the weights of the indices have been determined and then using PROMETHEE method the best city has been chosen and the other ones have been prioritized. From the benefits of the new introduced hybrid method with respect to other ways of selecting target markets is decreasing the risk and increasing the power of decision making.

  17. Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach for Service Quality Evaluation in Radiology Departments: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alimohammadzadeh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background Radiology department as a service provider organization requires realization of quality concept concerning service provisioning knowledge, satisfaction and all issues relating to the customer as well as quality assurance and improvement issues. At present, radiology departments in hospitals are regarded as income generating units and they should continuously seek performance improvement so that they can survive in the changing and competitive environment of the health care sector. Objectives The aim of this study was to propose a method for ranking of radiology departments in selected hospitals of Tehran city using analytical hierarchical process (AHP and quality evaluation of their service in 2015. Materials and Methods This study was an applied and cross-sectional study, carried out in radiology departments of 6 Tehran educational hospitals in 2015. The hospitals were selected using non-probability and purposeful method. Data gathering was performed using customized joint commission international (JCI standards. Expert Choice 10.0 software was used for data analysis. AHP method was used for prioritization. Results “Management and empowerment of human resources’’ (weight = 0.465 and “requirements and facilities” (weight = 0.139 were of highest and lowest significance respectively in the overall ranking of the hospitals. MS (weight = 0.316, MD (weight = 0.259, AT (weight = 0.14, TS (weight = 0.108, MO (weight = 0.095, and LH (0.082 achieved the first to sixth rankings respectively. Conclusion The use of AHP method can be promising for fostering the evaluation method and subsequently promotion of the efficiency and effectiveness of the radiology departments. The present model can fill in the gap in the accreditation system of the country’s hospitals in respect with ranking and comparing them considering the significance and value of each individual criteria and standard. Accordingly, it can predict an integration of

  18. TDS exposure project: application of the analytic hierarchy process for the prioritization of substances to be analyzed in a total diet study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulos, A; Sioen, I; Cubadda, F; Ozer, H; Basegmez, H I Oktay; Turrini, A; Lopez Esteban, M T; Fernandez San Juan, P M; Sokolić-Mihalak, D; Jurkovic, M; De Henauw, S; Aureli, F; Vin, K; Sirot, V

    2015-02-01

    The objective of this article is to develop a general method based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) methodology to rank the substances to be studied in a Total Diet Studies (TDS). This method was tested for different substances and groups of substances (N = 113), for which the TDS approach has been considered relevant. This work was performed by a group of 7 experts from different European countries representing their institutes, which are involved in the TDS EXPOSURE project. The AHP methodology is based on a score system taking into account experts' judgments quantified assigning comparative scores to the different identified issues. Hence, the 10 substances of highest interest in the framework of a TDS are trace elements (methylmercury, cadmium, inorganic arsenic, lead, aluminum, inorganic mercury), dioxins, furans and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and some additives (sulfites and nitrites). The priority list depends on both the national situation (geographical variations, consumer concern, etc.) and the availability of data. Thus, the list depends on the objectives of the TDS and on reachable analytical performances. Moreover, such a list is highly variable with time and new data (e.g. social context, vulnerable population groups, emerging substances, new toxicological data or health-based guidance values). PMID:25478735

  19. The Synthetical Evaluation of Rolling Oil in Analytic Hierarchy Process:Introduction to Analytic Hierarchy Process%采用层次分析法(AHP)综合评价轧制油(I) ——层次分析法简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建林; 康永林; 张新明

    2000-01-01

    Analytic Hierarchy Process is introduced to evaluate rolling oils firstly at home and abroad. The evaluation system of the multi lubrication perfomance is developed to solve the problem of the optimal selection in the research and application of the lubricants. The results on the industrial tests show that the Analytic Hierarchy Process is very efficient to evaluate the rolling oil. It provides a shortcut to select the lubricant rrationally and scientifically.%在国内外首次引入层次分析法(AHP)对轧制油进行评价和综合排序,解决了金属加工用润滑剂涉及油品及工艺润滑性能指标较多,选择最佳润滑剂困难的问题,而且工业应用表明AHP法是非常有效的。这也为今后科学合理地选择润滑剂提供了一条捷径。第一部分重点介绍了层次分析法(AHP)及其应用。

  20. The Synthetical Evaluation of Rolling Oil in Analytic Hierarchy Process: Results and Discussion%采用层次分析法(AHP)综合评价轧制油(Ⅱ)——评价结果与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建林; 康永林; 张新明

    2001-01-01

    在国内外首次引入层次分析法(AHP)对轧制油进行评价和综合排序,解决了由于金属加工用润滑剂涉及油品及工艺润滑性能指标较多,选择最佳润滑剂困难的问题;而且工业应用表明A邶法是非常有效的。本文的第Ⅰ部分已介绍了层次分析法及其求解步骤…。第Ⅱ部分则应用层次分析法对轧制油进行评价和综合排序。%Analytic Hierarchy Process is introduced to valuate rolling oils firefly at home and abroad in this paper. The evalua~on system of the multi-lubrication performance is developed to solve the problem of the optimal selection in the research and application of the lubricants. The results on the industrial tests show that the Analytic Hierarchy Process is very e~icient to evaluate the rolling off. Analytic Hierarchy Process has been introduced in Section Ⅰ in this paper. Rolling oils are evaluated and op tnnized in Analytic Hierarchy Process in Section Ⅱ.

  1. Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP for Prioritizing and Ranking of Ecological Indicators for Monitoring Sustainability of Ecotourism in Northern Forest, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godratollah Barzekar

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Ecotourism has been identified as a form of sustainable tourism which is expected to contribute to both conservation and development. Unfortunately, due to inadequate environmental assessment, many ecotourism destinations tend to be both hazardous and self-destructive. Indicators are an important tool to provide a means toward sustainability. Among all different aspects of indicators, ecological indicators are significant for monitoring and evaluating sustainable management of ecotourism. In this study criteria and indicators were identified by using the Delphi approach through an expert panel from different fields. At the end of the process, a consensus of 9 criteria and 61 indicators was reached. For prioritization and ranking the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP and Expert choice software was used. The 9 criteria include identified: 1-Conservation of Natural resources & biodiversity; 2-Maintenance of sceneries ,natural &physical features; 3-Conservation of soil & water resources; 4-Maintenance of heritage & cultural diversity; 5-existence of legal, institution, legislation and policy frameworks for empowering Ecotourism; 6-promoting economic benefits & poverty alleviation; 7-Educational affairs and public awareness 8-Maintenance of hygiene& tourist safety; 9-Tourists & local people satisfaction. The results showed that, out of the 9 criteria, the first three, which we labeled as Ecological criteria and comprised 21 indicators, stood as the top highest priority. We also continued the ranking of indicators with related criterion and then all of the indicators were ranked and prioritized by AHP method and using of expert choice software.

  2. 基于灰色层次分析法的导航系统滤波效能评估%Filtering Effectiveness Evaluation of Navigation Systems Based on Grey Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季超; 杨晓东

    2012-01-01

    Combined grey theory and analytic hierarchy process, an effectiveness evaluation method of filtering was proposed. The basic steps of grey analytic- hierarchy method for evaluation are described which use the analytic hierarchy process(AHP) to determine the weights of the parameters, and a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness is achieved using grey theory. At last, a cor~puting example is given. Re suits indicate that filtering effectiveness evaluation of navigation systems based on grey analytic hierarchy process is effective.%综合灰色理论和层次分析法提出一种滤波效能评估方法。描述了该方法的评估步骤,通过层次分析法确定指标的权重,利用灰色理论对效能进行量化评估。最后给出一个实例进行计算。结果表明:基于灰色层次分析法的导航系统滤波效能评估方法是有效的。

  3. Perencanaan Jumlah dan Lokasi Menara Base Transceiver Station (BTS Baru Pada Telekomunikasi Seluler di Kabupaten Lumajang Menggunakan Metode Analytical Hierarchy Process-TOPSIS (AHP-TOPSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widyatmoko Widyatmoko

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Lahirnya teknologi baru seperti 4G LTE mendorong para operator untuk membangun infrastrur baru seperti menara BTS dalam rangka menghadapi persaingan antar operator. Dalam pembangunan menara BTS, sangat dibutuhkan suatu perencanaan yang sistematis untuk menentukan jumlah dan posisi menara BTS yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan. Dalam perencanaan BTS, langkah yang wajib dilakukan adalah memprediksi kebutuhan BTS di tahun 2019. Menara BTS yang dibutuhkan didapat dengan menghitung selisih antara jumlah BTS tahun 2019 dan jumlah BTS tahun 2014 kemudian hasilnya dibagi 4 (diasumsikan satu menara BTS terdiri dari 4 BTS. Setelah diketahui jumlah kebutuhan menara BTS pada tahun 2019, selanjutnya penulis melakukan penyebaran menara tersebut ke seluruh penjuru kabupaten Lumajang. setelah itu penulis melakukan pembobotan pada tiap zona menara untuk mengetahui peringkat zona terbaik. Zona-zona dengan peringkat terbaik dianggap sebagai titik strategis untuk didirikan perangkat BTS 4G LTE. Metode yang digunakan dalam pembobotan adalah metode AHP-TOPSIS. Metode ini merupakan kombinasi dari metode Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP dan Techique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS. Metode AHP berfungsi untuk mengetahui nilai prioritas tiap sub-kriteria yang digunakan sedangkan TOPSIS berfungsi untuk mencari nilai tiap zona berdasarkan input dari AHP sehingga diketahui zona prioritas.

  4. Relationship of public preferences and behavior in residential outdoor spaces using analytic hierarchy process and principal component analysis——a case study of Hangzhou City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Jian-ren; ZHAO Xiu-min; GE Jian; HOKAO Kazunori; WANG Zhu

    2006-01-01

    This study examined public attitudes concerning the value of outdoor spaces which people use daily. Two successive analyses were performed based on data from common residents and college students in the city of Hangzhou, China. First, citizens registered various items constituting desirable values of residential outdoor spaces through a preliminary questionnaire. The result proposed three general attributes (functional, aesthetic and ecological) and ten specific qualities of residential outdoor spaces. An analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was applied to an interview survey in order to clarify the weights among these attributes and qualities. Second, principal factors were extracted from the ten specific qualities with principal component analysis (PCA) for both the common case and the campus case. In addition, the variations of respondents' groups were classified with cluster analysis (CA)using the results of the PCA. The results of the AHP application found that the public prefers the functional attribute, rather than the aesthetic attribute. The latter is always viewed as the core value of open spaces in the eyes of architects and designers. Furthermore, comparisons of ten specific qualities showed that the public prefers the open spaces that can be utilized conveniently and easily for group activities, because such spaces keep an active lifestyle of neighborhood communication, which is also seen to protect human-regarding residential environments. Moreover, different groups of respondents diverge largely in terms of gender,age, behavior and preference.

  5. 基于 FAHP 的蒸发设备优选%Optimization of Evaporation Equipment Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茂立

    2014-01-01

    采用模糊层次分析法( FAHP)对氧化铝生产中的蒸发设备进行优选,重点考察了4个性能指标对8种蒸发器进行优选,得出6种不同优选方案下的排序结果。解决了由于蒸发设备形式多、影响因数多对选型带来的困难。证明了利用FAHP进行设备优选的可行性、有效性、科学性。%Optimization of Evaporation Equipment in alumina production by using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process ( FAHP) was carried out , and through focus on reviewing four performance index , the eight kinds of e-vaporation devices were optimized so that obtained sequencing results of six different optimizing schemes which solved the difficulty due to more model of evaporation devices and influence factors on selection and proved feasi-bility, effectiveness and scientificity for equipment selection by using FAHP .

  6. Delineation of groundwater potential zones in the Comoro watershed, Timor Leste using GIS, remote sensing and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Domingos; Shrestha, Sangam; Babel, Mukand S.; Ninsawat, Sarawut

    2015-02-01

    Groundwater plays an important role for socio-economic development of Comoro watershed in Timor Leste. Despite the significance of groundwater for sustainable development, it has not always been properly managed in the watershed. Therefore, this study seeks to identify groundwater potential zones in the Comoro watershed, using geographical information systems and remote sensing and analytic hierarchy process technique. The groundwater potential zones thus obtained were divided into five classes and validated with the recorded bore well yield data. It was found that the alluvial plain in the northwest along the Comoro River has very high groundwater potential zone which covers about 5.4 % (13.5 km2) area of the watershed. The high groundwater potential zone was found in the eastern part and along the foothills and covers about 4.8 % (12 km2) of the area; moderate zone covers about 2.0 % (5 km2) of the area and found in the higher elevation of the alluvial plain. The poor and very poor groundwater potential zone covers about 87.8 % (219.5 km2) of the watershed. The hilly terrain located in the southern and central parts of the study area has a poor groundwater potential zone due to higher degree of slope and low permeability of conglomerate soil type. The demarcation of groundwater potential zones in the Comoro watershed will be helpful for future planning, development and management of the groundwater resources.

  7. Integrating Geographical Information Systems, Fuzzy Logic and Analytical Hierarchy Process in Modelling Optimum Sites for Locating Water Reservoirs. A Case Study of the Debub District in Eritrea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodney G. Tsiko

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to model water reservoir site selection for a real world application in the administrative district of Debub, Eritrea. This is a region were scarcity of water is a fundamental problem. Erratic rainfall, drought and unfavourable hydro-geological characteristics exacerbates the region’s water supply. Consequently, the population of Debub is facing severe water shortages and building reservoirs has been promoted as a possible solution to meet the future demand of water supply. This was the most powerful motivation to identify candidate sites for locating water reservoirs. A number of conflicting qualitative and quantitative criteria exist for evaluating alternative sites. Decisions regarding criteria are often accompanied by ambiguities and vagueness. This makes fuzzy logic a more natural approach to this kind of Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA problems. This paper proposes a combined two-stage MCDA methodology. The first stage involved utilizing the most simplistic type of data aggregation techniques known as Boolean Intersection or logical AND to identify areas restricted by environmental and hydrological constraints and therefore excluded from further study. The second stage involved integrating fuzzy logic with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP to identify optimum and back-up candidate water reservoir sites in the area designated for further study.

  8. Performance evaluation of services quality in higher education institutions using modified SERVQUAL approach with grey analytic hierarchy process (G-AHP and multilevel grey evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Zareinejad

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In today’s climate of fierce competition, there is a necessity to pay especial attention on customer demands either in manufacturing or service sector. Managers in service sector are under pressure in terms of environmental factors, they focus on customers’ satisfaction and this has led to the continuous improvement in the performance of service organizations. Meanwhile, customers’ expectations should be properly understood and measured. There have been various efforts to measure the quality of services using the SERVQUAL model. In this study, we try to investigate the concepts and factors influencing the quality of services according to modified SERVQUAL model and then utilize the proposed model of Grey Analytic Hierarchy Process (G-AHP and Multilevel Grey Evaluation in order to evaluate the quality of services in the framework of Grey Systems Theory (GST. In order to propose our method, we will conduct a case study of the performance of service quality in higher education institutions of Isfahan-Iran.

  9. Incorporating stakeholder preferences in the selection of technologies for using invasive alien plants as a bio-energy feedstock: applying the analytical hierarchy process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lange, W J; Stafford, W H L; Forsyth, G G; Le Maitre, D C

    2012-05-30

    Invasive alien plants (IAPs) impose significant social costs on the population of the Agulhas Plain region in South Africa due to their adverse impacts on ecosystem goods and services (decreased water supply and increased fire risk). While the cost of clearing IAPs is considerable, this paper assesses opportunities to reduce some of the social and environmental burdens (e.g. disruptions of ecosystems which have negative impacts on livelihoods) by using IAP biomass to produce bio-energy. However, such an initiative could increase financial dependency on these plants and is thus considered to be a major risk factor which could create adverse incentives to illegally grow these plants. A participatory decision-making process with active stakeholder participation is a key element in managing such an initiative. We used a multi-stakeholder engagement process and the analytical hierarchy process to define and weigh suitable criteria for the assessment of different "IAP biomass to bio-energy" technology scenarios on the Agulhas Plain. Feasible scenarios were constructed by means of an expert panel which were then ranked according to stakeholder preference. The six criteria were: minimising impacts on natural resources; job creation; certainty of benefits to local people in the study area; development of skills for life; technology performance and cost efficiency. This ranking was largely determined by the preference for resource efficiency in terms of minimising impacts on natural ecosystems and the localisation of benefits. The smaller, modular technologies were consequently preferred since these realise direct local benefits while developing local skills and capacity in their manufacture, sales and maintenance. The rankings as obtained in this study are context-bound, which implies that the findings only have limited application to areas with similar biophysical and socio-economic characteristics. However, the method itself is fully generalisable, and the same

  10. ANALISIS PEMILIHAN PERANGKAT LUNAK SISTEM ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) MENGGUNAKAN ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP): STUDI KASUS PADA PT CILIANDRA PERKASA

    OpenAIRE

    Roni Kurniawan

    2011-01-01

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) can be described as a concept for planning and managing organization resources to create value added for stakeholders. PT Ciliandra Perkasa as an agribusiness company realized the importance of ERP system to support their operational activities. Indeed, there are many problems on the ERP implementation. Therefore, it is needed to build a proper ERP system process to be implemented. This issue will be the research problem. Implementing a qualitative method, t...

  11. Evaluation of barriers of corporate social responsibility using an analytical hierarchy process under a fuzzy environment - A textile case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shen, Lixin; Govindan, Kannan; Shankar, Madan

    2015-01-01

    Process (AHP) under a fuzzy environment. The results show that financial constraints comprise the main barrier to the implementation of CSR in the Indian textiles industry, which is then further validated with feedback from case industry managers. This study offers both societal and scientific insights......The ventilating crisis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues in the textiles industry resulted in the engagement of many researchers in the analysis of CSR and its related factors throughout the globe. Some researchers in developed nations extend their policies beyond the boundary of CSR...... in the textiles industry, but some developing contexts are still limited to this boundary, including India, due to facts that have not yet been revealed. Hence, to fill this gap, this study reveals the factors that are resisting the implementation of CSR in the textiles industry with the assistance of a proposed...

  12. A Genetic Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process Based Projection Pursuit Method for Selecting Schemes of Water Transportation Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Juliang; LI Lei; WANG Wensheng; ZHANG Ming

    2006-01-01

    The optimal selection of schemes of water transportation projects is a process of choosing a relatively optimal scheme from a number of schemes of water transportation programming and management projects, which is of importance in both theory and practice in water resource systems engineering. In order to achieve consistency and eliminate the dimensions of fuzzy qualitative and fuzzy quantitative evaluation indexes, to determine the weights of the indexes objectively, and to increase the differences among the comprehensive evaluation index values of water transportation project schemes, a projection pursuit method, named FPRM-PP for short, was developed in this work for selecting the optimal water transportation project scheme based on the fuzzy preference relation matrix. The research results show that FPRM-PP is intuitive and practical, the correction range of the fuzzy preference relation matrix A it produces is relatively small, and the result obtained is both stable and accurate; therefore FPRM-PP can be widely used in the optimal selection of different multi-factor decision-making schemes.

  13. Risk Identification and Assessment in PPP Infrastructure Projects using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process and Life-Cycle Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Li

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available To fulfil the increasing demands of the public,Public Private Partnership (PPP has beenincreasingly used to procure infrastructureprojects, such as motor ways, bridges, tunnelsand railways. However, the risks involved inPPP projects are unique and dynamic due tolarge amount of investment and longconcession period. This paper aims to developa risk identification framework from theperspectives of project life cycle, and anassessment framework for risks associatedwith PPP project using fuzzy analyticalhierarchy process (AHP. First the paperreviews the current literature to identifycommon risks in PPP infrastructure projectsand classification methods used. The risksidentified from the literature were classifiedusing project life cycle perspectives. Followingthat, the paper presents the advantages offuzzy AHP. Furthermore, the paper provides aframework for assessment of risks in PPPprojects followed by an illustrative examplewhere the data was obtained from surveyquestionnaires. The paper concludes that risksassociated in PPP infrastructure projects areunique and therefore it is beneficial to classifythem from project life cycle perspectives, andthe proposed fuzzy AHP method is suitable forthe assessment of these risks.

  14. A genetic fuzzy analytical hierarchy process based projection pursuit method for selecting schemes of water transportation projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Juliang; Li, Lei; Wang, Wensheng; Zhang, Ming

    2006-10-01

    The optimal selection of schemes of water transportation projects is a process of choosing a relatively optimal scheme from a number of schemes of water transportation programming and management projects, which is of importance in both theory and practice in water resource systems engineering. In order to achieve consistency and eliminate the dimensions of fuzzy qualitative and fuzzy quantitative evaluation indexes, to determine the weights of the indexes objectively, and to increase the differences among the comprehensive evaluation index values of water transportation project schemes, a projection pursuit method, named FPRM-PP for short, was developed in this work for selecting the optimal water transportation project scheme based on the fuzzy preference relation matrix. The research results show that FPRM-PP is intuitive and practical, the correction range of the fuzzy preference relation matrix A it produces is relatively small, and the result obtained is both stable and accurate; therefore FPRM-PP can be widely used in the optimal selection of different multi-factor decision-making schemes.

  15. Solar Farm Suitability Using Geographic Information System Fuzzy Sets and Analytic Hierarchy Processes: Case Study of Ulleung Island, Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jangwon Suh

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Solar farm suitability in remote areas will involve a multi-criteria evaluation (MCE process, particularly well suited for the geographic information system (GIS environment. Photovoltaic (PV solar farm criteria were evaluated for an island-based case region having complex topographic and regulatory criteria, along with high demand for low-carbon local electricity production: Ulleung Island, Korea. Constraint variables that identified areas forbidden to PV farm development were consolidated into a single binary constraint layer (e.g., environmental regulation, ecological protection, future land use. Six factor variables were selected as influential on-site suitability within the geospatial database to seek out increased annual average power performance and reduced potential investment costs, forming new criteria layers for site suitability: solar irradiation, sunshine hours, average temperature in summer, proximity to transmission line, proximity to roads, and slope. Each factor variable was normalized via a fuzzy membership function (FMF and parameter setting based on the local characteristics and criteria for a fixed axis PV system. Representative weighting of the relative importance for each factor variable was assigned via pairwise comparison completed by experts. A suitability index (SI with six factor variables was derived using a weighted fuzzy summation method. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to assess four different SI based on the development scenarios (i.e., the combination of factors being considered. From the resulting map, three highly suitable regions were suggested and validated by comparison with satellite images to confirm the candidate sites for solar farm development. The GIS-MCE method proposed can also be applicable widely to other PV solar farm site selection projects with appropriate adaption for local variables.

  16. Integration of fuzzy reasoning approach (FRA and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP for risk assessment in mining industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shikha Verma

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Mining industry has always been known for its unsafe working environment. This industry is one of the most hazard prone industries. To maintain safety in workplace timely assessment of risk associated with different operations performed to extract ore from the ore body has become necessity. To serve the said purpose, present work demonstrates a robust hybrid risk assessment approach for mining industry.Design/Methodology: Accident data from 1995 to 2012 is reviewed to identify hazards contributed to negative outcomes. The FRA approach is implemented to evaluate the risk levels associated with identified hazard factors. Thereafter AHP pairwise comparison matrix is developed to obtain priority weights for the hazard factors. Final priority of hazards based on severity of level of risk associated with them is obtained considering the outcome of FRA approach in terms of risk score for the hazards, combined with the priority weights obtained from AHP technique.Findings: Defuzzified FAHP weight of hazard factors, this weight gives priority sequence of hazards to be considered for development of plan of mitigation.Originality/Value: Risk assessment is a requirement of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000 (Section 7& 8. The data required to assess the risk is uncertain, and in such case fuzzy approach is well suited to process the data and get the crisp output. The output of fuzzy approach is made robust with its integration to AHP. In this way FAHP can be used as robust technique for risk assessment in this industry and this technique develops an efficient safety management system for the achievement of goal to develop the workplace with zero accident, which many other countries have already achieved.

  17. Assessment of flood hazard areas at a regional scale using an index-based approach and Analytical Hierarchy Process: Application in Rhodope-Evros region, Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazakis, Nerantzis; Kougias, Ioannis; Patsialis, Thomas

    2015-12-15

    The present study introduces a multi-criteria index to assess flood hazard areas in a regional scale. Accordingly, a Flood Hazard Index (FHI) has been defined and a spatial analysis in a GIS environment has been applied for the estimation of its value. The developed methodology processes information of seven parameters namely flow accumulation, distance from the drainage network, elevation, land use, rainfall intensity and geology. The initials of these criteria gave the name to the developed method: "FIGUSED". The relative importance of each parameter for the occurrence and severity of flood has been connected to weight values. These values are calculated following an "Analytical Hierarchy Process", a method originally developed for the solution of Operational Research problems. According to their weight values, information of the different parameters is superimposed, resulting to flood hazard mapping. The accuracy of the method has been supported by a sensitivity analysis that examines a range for the weights' values and corresponding to alternative scenarios. The presented methodology has been applied to an area in north-eastern Greece, where recurring flood events have appeared. Initially FIGUSED method resulted to a Flood Hazard Index (FHI) and a corresponding flood map. A sensitivity analysis on the parameters' values revealed some interesting information on the relative importance of each criterion, presented and commented in the Discussion section. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis concluded to a revised index FHIS (methodology named FIGUSED-S) and flood mapping, supporting the robustness of FIGUSED methodology. A comparison of the outcome with records of historical flood events confirmed that the proposed methodology provides valid results. PMID:26318691

  18. Sinkhole susceptibility mapping using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and magnitude-frequency relationships: A case study in Hamadan province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taheri, Kamal; Gutiérrez, Francisco; Mohseni, Hassan; Raeisi, Ezzat; Taheri, Milad

    2015-04-01

    Since 1989, an increasing number of sinkhole occurrences have been reported in the Kabudar Ahang and Razan-Qahavand subcatchments (KRQ) of Hamadan province, western Iran. The sinkhole-related subsidence phenomenon poses a significant threat for people and human structures, including sensitive facilities like the Hamadan Power Plant. Groundwater over-exploitation from the thick alluvial cover and the underlying cavernous limestone has been identified as the main factor involved in sinkhole development. A sinkhole susceptibility model was produced in a GIS environment applying the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) approach and considering a selection of eight factors, each categorized into five classes: distance to faults (DF), water level decline (WLD), groundwater exploitation (GE), penetration of deep wells into karst bedrock (PKA), distance to deep wells (DDW), groundwater alkalinity (GA), bedrock lithology (BL), and alluvium thickness (AT). Relative weights were preliminarily assigned to each factor and to their different classes through systematic pairwise comparisons based on expert judgment. The resulting sinkhole susceptibility index (SSI) values were then classified into four susceptibility classes: low, moderate, high and very high susceptibility. Subsequently, the model was refined through a trial and error process involving changes in the relative weights and iterative evaluation of the prediction capability. Independent evaluation of the final model indicates that 55% and 45% of the subsidence events fall within the very high and high, susceptibility zones, respectively. The results of this study show that AHP can be a useful approach for susceptibility assessment if data on the main controlling factors have sufficient accuracy and spatial coverage. The limitations of the model are partly related to the difficulty of gathering data on some important geological factors, due to their hidden nature. The magnitude and frequency relationship constructed

  19. Optimization of pile foundation program based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于AHP的基坑支护方案的优选研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺晨; 陈建宏

    2011-01-01

    基坑工程是一个复杂的系统工程,支护方案的优劣受很多因素影响,应用层次分析法原理,将复杂的深基坑支护方案决策问题层次化,并且,根据深基坑支护系统的特点建立层次结构模型,通过层次分析法比较,选出最优支护方案.实例研究表明,层次分析法简便、高效、科学合理,是一种处理复杂的多目标决策问题的实用方法.通过层次总排序得到各个备选方案的优劣排序,使选择过程更加全面、科学、公正、准确.%Deep foundation pit was a complex systematic project, supporting the merits of the program affected by many factors. This paper, through using analytic hierarchy principle, discusses the complex program of deep foundation pit hierarchical decision - making problems, and, under the Sbenzhen - based pit support system, it is characterized by the establishment of a hierarchical model and through the comparison of AHP to select the optimal supporting program. Case studies show: AHP is simple, efficient, scientific and rational, and it is a complex multi -objective decision - making problem in practical ways. Total sorting through the layers to be pros and cons of various options will make the selection process become more comprehensive, scientific, fair and accurate.

  20. 改进层次分析法的滑坡灾害危险性%Landslide risk based on improved analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀贵; 仉淼; 冯一鸣

    2013-01-01

      Evaluation the risk of landslide and Taking corresponding preventive measures could mitigate the losses caused by landslide hazards.Taking Guangdong Province as an example, we did the landslide hazard evaluation, using 9 types of affecting factors,which are strata topography, formation lithology,geologic structure, rock-soil structure, hydrogeology condition, vegetation coverage, rainfall, earthquake and human engineering activity. And then the weights for screened evaluation factors are determined based on improved analytic hierarchy process, which clearly indicate main factors and subordinate factors, and the chief good is strata topography, rock-soil structure the second, vegetation coverage the last. The results show that this method is reasonable and feasible for landslide hazard risk assessment.%  对滑坡的危险性进行评价并提出防治措施能有效的减缓滑坡灾害带来的损失。以广东省滑坡危险性评价为例,选取地形地貌、地层岩性、地质构造、岩土体结构、水文地质条件、植被覆盖率、降雨分布、地震以及人类经济工程活动等9个评价因素,通过改进的层次分析法得出因素权重的大小,清楚地显示出主要因素和次要因素。结果表明:地层岩性影响最大,岩土体结构次之,植被覆盖率最小。结果对滑坡的危险性评价提供了更科学、合理的依据。

  1. Study of factors affecting the productivity of nurses based on the ACHIEVE model and prioritizing them using analytic hierarchy process technique, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payam Farhadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Improving productivity is one of the most important strategies for social-economic development. Human resources are known as the most important resources in the organizations′ survival and success. Aims: To determine the factors affecting the human resource productivity using the ACHIEVEa model from the nurses′ perspective and then prioritize them from the perspective of head nurses using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP technique. Settings and Design: Iran, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences teaching hospitals in 2012. Materials and Methods: This was an applied, cross-sectional and analytical-descriptive study conducted in two phases. In the first phase, to determine the factors affecting the human resource productivity from nurses′ perspective, 110 nurses were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling method. Required data were collected using the Persian version of Hersey and Goldsmith′s Human Resource Productivity Questionnaire. In the second phase, in order to prioritize the factors affecting human resource productivity based on the ACHIEVE model using AHP technique, pairwise comparisons matrices were given to the 19 randomly selected head nurses to express their opinions about those factors relative priorities or importance. Statistical Analysis Used: Collected data and matrices in two mentioned phases were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 and some statistical tests including Independent-Samples T-Test and Pearson Correlation coefficient, as well as, Super Decisions software (Latest Beta. Results: The human resource productivity had significant relationships with nurses′ sex (P = 0.008, marital status (P < 0.001, education level (P < 0.001, and all questionnaire factors (P < 0.05. Nurses′ productivity from their perspective was below average (44.97 ΁ 7.43. Also, the priorities of factors affecting the productivity of nurses based on the ACHIEVE model from the head nurses′ perspective using AHP technique, from the

  2. 层次分析法在毕业设计(论文)成绩评定中的应用%The application of analytical hierarchy process in grading the graduation design( thesis)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞兰

    2011-01-01

    The paper discusses on the current performance evaluation method of graduation design(thesis),thinks that traditional evaluation methods have many disadvantages,and the application of analytic hierarchy process in grading the graduation design(thesis) is analyzed,the case study shows that analytic hierarchy process is better method of determining the graduation design(thesis) score.%对高校现行毕业设计(论文)成绩评定方法进行探讨,认为传统的评定方法中存在着诸多弊端,并对层次分析法在毕业设计(论文)成绩评定中的应用进行了分析,实例研究表明,层次分析法是确定毕业设计(论文)成绩的较好方法。

  3. An Improved Major Component Assessment and Its Application Incorporating Analytic Hierarchy Process%一种结合层次分析法的改进型主成分评价法及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王嗣超; 张丰; 关明雨

    2014-01-01

    主成分分析法和层次分析法是计算多目标综合性指标中常用的方法。主成分分析法偏重于对数据所包含信息的处理,而层次分析法更依靠于专家在设定权重过程中的人为经验。通过在主成分分析法中引入层次分析法中的判断矩阵,提出了一种改进型主成分分析法。通过对评选优秀篮球教练员的实证分析,验证了新方法的优越性。%Major component assessment and analytic hierarchy process are commonly used meth-ods in computing multi-purpose comprehensive index. Major component analysis puts emphasis on the processing of information incorporated in data while analytic hierarchy process relies on experts’ experience in setting weight. In this study, an improved major component analysis in-corporating the assessment matrix in analytic hierarchy process is proposed. The superiority of the new method is testified in analyzing the selection of excellent basketball trainers.

  4. FAHP在人力资本衡量指标体系中的应用%The Application of FAHP (Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process) in the Human Capital Measurement Index System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑秀芝; 武忠

    2007-01-01

    在构建企业人力资本评价指标体系的基础上,利用模糊层次分析法(Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process,FAHP)对选取的20个指标进行实证分析,评价了FAHP在人力资本衡量指标体系中应用的利弊.

  5. 建筑工程招标中评价指标权重的研究--层次分析法(AHP)应用%Evaluation Index Weight in Construction Engineering Tender:Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红霞; 韩晓虎

    2014-01-01

    层次分析法是一种简单、实用的决策方法。文章主要讨论用层次分析法计算建筑招标中各评价指标的权重。通过使用层次分析法,得出了建筑招标评价指标权重的数学模型,为进一步应用模糊数学知识评价建筑招标奠定了良好的基础。%Analytic Hierarchy Process is a simple, practical decision-making method. The article discusses that using Analytic Hierarchy Process to calculate each index weights of construction tender. By using the Analytic Hierarchy Process, we obtained the mathematical model of construction tender evaluation index weights, and laid a good foundation for the further application of fuzzy mathematics to evaluate construction tender.

  6. PERANCANGAN PENILAIAN KINERJA KARYAWAN BERDASARKAN KOMPETENSI SPENCER DENGAN METODE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS(Studi Kasus di Sub Dinas Pengairan Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Kota Probolinggo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Nurmianto

    2006-01-01

    Expert Choice. Hasilnya bobot kemampuan karyawan kontrak terbagi atas: kemampuan manajerial (0.200 dan kemampuan teknik (0.800. Kemampuan manajerial terdiri dari: disiplin (0.318, melayani (0.289, berprestasi (0.151, proaktif (0.140, dan komitmen pada organisasi (0.102. Sedangkan kemampuan teknis terdiri dari: memimpin (0.500 dan kerjasama (0.500. Dari penelitian tersebut sistem insentif yang tepat adalah sistem insentif pembagian laba, dimana insentif yang diterima berdasarkan pada peningkatan kinerja karyawan. Kata kunci: penilaian kinerja karyawan, kompetensi, insentif, analytical hierarchy process.

  7. Land use suitability analysis of the Upper Basin of the Kara Menderes River using analytical hierarchy process and geographical information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Akbulak

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development links to a rationalistic and effective use of resources. Presently, growth in human needs for a variety of reasons causes a great pressure on the existing resources, which has induced in misuse-based deterioration of lands as well as increase in poverty and several kinds of social problems. In this context, due to rapid growth of population in Turkey, the most appropriate use of lands according to their potentials is essential, because sustainability of environments can only be achieved on condition that natural and cultural potentials are appointed and the land use is enforced in compliance with ecological properties. In previous attempts of land suitability analyses, the subject “the most proper use of land” has been the focus of several authors.In this study, land suitability analysis of the upper basin of the Kara Menderes River was carried out, which drains the Biga Peninsula, west of the Marmara Region in Turkey, on the basis of geographical information systems and analytical hierarchy process, a technique used for multi-criteria decision making studies. After the determination of suitability in terms of the main three land use types, i.e. agriculture, meadow-pasture and forest, an optimal land use map was produced and results were compared to the present-day land use situation. Based on optimal land use results, an area of 15.2% is suggested for agricultural activities. The area proposed for meadow-pasture lands corresponds to only about 8.5%. Forest areas constitute, however, the foremost class with the suggested value of  75,1%. When data from optimal land use is compared with that in the present-day conditions, it is noticed that the proportion of agricultural areas excesses the suggested value of optimal land use, as opposed to the proportions of forest and meadow-pasture areas having smaller distributions. This implies that some agricultural areas, which are recommended to be evaluated as forest and

  8. Land use suitability analysis of the Upper Basin of the Kara Menderes River using analytical hierarchy process and geographical information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Akbulak

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development links to a rationalistic and effective use of resources. Presently, growth in human needs for a variety of reasons causes a great pressure on the existing resources, which has induced in misuse-based deterioration of lands as well as increase in poverty and several kinds of social problems. In this context, due to rapid growth of population in Turkey, the most appropriate use of lands according to their potentials is essential, because sustainability of environments can only be achieved on condition that natural and cultural potentials are appointed and the land use is enforced in compliance with ecological properties. In previous attempts of land suitability analyses, the subject “the most proper use of land” has been the focus of several authors.In this study, land suitability analysis of the upper basin of the Kara Menderes River was carried out, which drains the Biga Peninsula, west of the Marmara Region in Turkey, on the basis of geographical information systems and analytical hierarchy process, a technique used for multi-criteria decision making studies. After the determination of suitability in terms of the main three land use types, i.e. agriculture, meadow-pasture and forest, an optimal land use map was produced and results were compared to the present-day land use situation. Based on optimal land use results, an area of 15.2% is suggested for agricultural activities. The area proposed for meadow-pasture lands corresponds to only about 8.5%. Forest areas constitute, however, the foremost class with the suggested value of 75,1%. When data from optimal land use is compared with that in the present-day conditions, it is noticed that the proportion of agricultural areas excesses the suggested value of optimal land use, as opposed to the proportions of forest and meadow-pasture areas having smaller distributions. This implies that some agricultural areas, which are recommended to be evaluated as forest and meadow

  9. 基于层次分析法的地震预警分级研究%Classification of Earthquake Warning Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张双凤; 孙佩卿; 李守勇

    2011-01-01

    Earthquake early warning is defined as using the main indexes of earthquake prediction to calculate and analyze the urgency of a given-magnitude earthquake by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for a given region ( or sub-region). We divide the North China into 3 earthquake-early-warning regions-the South, the Northwest, and the Northeast, and build early-warning models of indexes of regional seismic situations to determine 14 early-warning criterion in North China. Using AHP, and performing the calculation of indexes of seismic situations, we build an early-warning system of regional indexes and get the early warning level-Red, Orange, Yellow, and Blue for each earthquake by early-warning criterion. Finally, we check the early-warning system with the historical strong earthquake in North China and get the ideal result.%地震预警是利用地震预报的骨干指标,采用层次分析法,计算分析在区域(分区)和震级已确定的情况下发生地震的紧迫程度.通过把华北地区分为不同的预警区域(南部、西北部和东北部),建立区域地震震情指标预警模型,确定了华北地区14个地震预警判据,利用层次分析法,通过震情指标的相应运算,建立区域指标预警系统,根据预警等级判断标准得出每次震例的红、橙、黄、蓝预警等级.最后对华北地区不同区域的强震进行回顾性检验,在震前得到预警等级较为理想,为政府采取相应防震和应急措施提供依据.

  10. 基于模糊层次分析法的选股决策%Decision making of stock-selection based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何霞; 刘卫锋

    2011-01-01

    针对选购股票的实际情况,应用模糊层次分析法(FAHP)建立了股票选择的数学模型,从而对投资股票项目中的股票优劣进行排序和评价,为选购股票提供一种合理实用的方法。最后通过一个实例对该方法进行了检验,结果表明该方法的实用性和有效性。%Considering the actual situation of stock market,this article establishes a mathematical model for making decision on stock-selection by using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process(FAHP),and arranges and evaluates the grading of stocks in investment projects,w

  11. 基于灰色层次分析法的供应商评价选择应用研究%Resarch on Gray Analytic Hierarchy Process for Supplier Evalution and Selection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志平; 路铁军

    2012-01-01

    According to the actual need of the evaluation and selection of the suppliers, this paper establishs a gray analytic model in order to evaluate and choose the appropriate supplier. Through es tablishing the evaluation index system, using the gray analytic method to determine the weight of each index, and combining gray evaluation theory and analytic hierarchy process, this paper establishs the gray analytic evaluation model to evaluate and choose the appropriate supplier.%根据对供应商评价选择的实际需求,建立评价指标体系,利用层次法确定各个指标权重,并将灰色评价与层次分析法相结合,构建出灰色层次评价模型以综合评价并选择合适的供应商。

  12. 层次分析法在配送中心选址中的应用研究%ON APPLYING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS IN DISTRIBUTION CENTRE SITE SELECTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王思宇; 乔辉

    2013-01-01

    A hierarchy analysis model is built in this paper through analysing the factors influencing the logistic distribution.Analytic hierarchy process is employed to solve the site selection issue for distribution centre through the example of supermarket logistic distribution,and at last the whole model is solved by applying the MATLAB,and the final optimised result is derived.The study work reported in this paper has good reference value on site selection of logistic distribution centre for enterprise to apply the analytic hierarchy process.%通过分析影响物流配送的因素,建立层次分析模型.通过超市物流配送实例,用层次分析法解决配送中心的选址问题,并最终运用MATLAB求解整个模型,给出最终的优化结果.研究工作对于企业运用层次分析法选址有良好的参考价值.

  13. 基于模糊层次分析法的电信业务网项目后评价研究%Project post evaluation system for telecommunication services network items base on the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏兴平

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at the defects of traditional project post evaluation methods of defects, this paper puts forward a method of using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to telecommunication service network projects for comprehensive evaluation. According to the characteristics of telecommunication service network project and project post evaluation analysis framework , it constructs telecommunication service network project investment evaluation index system. And through the analysis of examples, a comprehensive evaluation is conducted by using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process on the expansion project of the fixed Softswitch of Chongqing telecom in 2005 , The evaluation results show that the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process in a telecommunication service network project post evaluation has rationality and maneuverability.%针对传统的项目后评价方法的缺陷,提出了运用模糊层次分析法对电信业务网项目进行综合评价.根据电信业务网项目的特点和项目后评价分析框架,构建了电信业务网项目投资后评价指标体系.并通过实例分析,运用模糊层次分析法对重庆电信2005年固网软交换设备扩容工程进行了综合评价,评价结果证明,模糊层次分析法在电信业务网项目后评价中具有合理性和可操作性.

  14. 基于层次分析法的配送中心选址模糊综合研究述评%Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation of Distribution Center Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2014-01-01

    针对配送中心的选址评价具有层次性和模糊性的特点,本文对已有成果进行综述并引入改进的AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process,层次分析法)方法确定评价指标的权重.在此基础上建立配送中心优化选址指标体系,进行两级模糊综合评价.

  15. 基于模糊层次分析法的采购质量方案优选%Optimum Selection in Purchasing Quality Decision-making Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万阳; 王立海

    2006-01-01

    引入了模糊层次分析法(Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process,FAHP),说明了它的基本思想和步骤,通过因素间的两两比较得出模糊判断矩阵,进而运用FAHP确定影响采购质量因素的权重和采购方案的优劣排序,并以简单实例说明其应用过程.

  16. 层次分析法在宿舍设计方案优选中的应用%The Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in the Select of Best Dormitory Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡松瀛; 刘洪运

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, analytic hierarchy process is used to evaluate and study the design of dormitory. For the four designs, we establish a multi-level target system to determine the weights of four programs,and give the best program.%运用层次分析法对宿舍设计方案的优劣进行了评价与研究.针对四个设计方案,建立了多层次目标体系,确定了四个方案的权重,给出了最优方案.

  17. Cresited Ibis Habitat Assessment Using Analytical Hierarchy Processes%基于层次分析法的朱鹮栖息地质量综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洪峰; 罗磊; 候玉宝; 付志超; 谢辉; 高学斌

    2013-01-01

    The crested ibis (Nipponia nippon) is a globally endangered bird distributed on southern slopes of the Qinling Mountains. There were only seven individuals remaining when the species was rediscovered in 1981. Wild and artificial breeding has increased the number of ibis to more than 1,600. The species has also started to disperse to neighboring areas. In this paper, habitat suitability of crested Ibis was evaluated using analytical hierarchy process method across its previous range and new dispersal zone. Field surveys were carried out in Yangxian, Chengggu, Xixiang, Foping, Nanzheng and two other reintroduction areas, Ningshaan and Shiquan. Twelve items were chosen to establish an index system for habitat suitability assessment including habitat, food and human disturbance. The habitat includes nesting sites, night-perching sites, foraging sites, wintering sites and wandering areas. The habitat system included seven items: tree species for nesting (Pinus massoniana, Pinus tabuliformis, Quercus variabilis), nesting tree height (average height above 15m), tree species for night-perching (Pinus massoniana, Quercus acutissima, Quercus aliena), night-perching tree height (above 15m), area of paddy field (both summer and winter paddy field, usually larger than 3 hmVkrn2), wetland area (usually larger than 3 hmVkm2) and elevation (200~1400m). The food system included two items: food abundance (total food biomass larger than 6g/m2) and wetland water quality (national water quality standards). The human disturbance system included three items: pesticide use (normally one or two times), tourism and human activities (mainly mining development, fishing). We applied this system to assess new sites for crested ibis, and found that Sunping of Chenggu county are suitable for crested ibis; however, pesticide use and fishing may be potential threats to the species. The Zhaigou reintroduction area of Ningshaan is also suitable (the total score is 75.7), but food shortage may be a

  18. Applying fuzzy extended analytical hierarchy (FEAHP for selecting logistics software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Andrés Zapata Cortés

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows fuzzy extended analytical hierarchy (FEAHP applied to a warehouse management system (WMS in a Colombian shipyard regarding selecting pertinent logistics software. The FEAHP method has been widely used for resolving decision-making problems where many quantitative and qualitative factors and variables are required. However the most important criticism of this method concerns the impossibility of including value judgments not on a continuous scale but rather on a discrete one which can be solved by fuzzy logic. This problem was resolved by using the fuzzy logic extension of the AHP method proposed by Chang in 1996 which was adapted for a specific context regarding a Colombian shipyard.

  19. 基于层次分析法的瓦斯电厂火炬故障原因分析%Analysis on Torch Fault Cause of Gas-Fired Power Plant base Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢媛媛

    2012-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process was applied to establish a AHP model of the torch fault cause occurred in the gas-fired power plant.With the information collection of the torch faults occurred in a gas-fired power plant of a mine in Shanxi and the marking results of the experts,the weight of the torch fault causes was found.The historical data were applied to verify the results of the model.The verification results showed that the analytic hierarchy process would have important guidance significances to analyze the torch fault causes in the gas-fired power plant.%运用层次分析法构建煤矿瓦斯电厂火炬故障原因AHP模型,利用山西省某矿瓦斯电厂火炬发生故障的资料汇总和专家评估结果,得出故障原因的权重,并利用历史数据对模型结果进行检验。检验结果表明,层次分析法在分析瓦斯电厂火炬故障原因方面有重要指导意义。

  20. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in the Payment Arrears%层次分析法在解决工程款拖欠问题中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 许尧

    2012-01-01

    Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a kind of system evaluation method with multiple targets and criterion, and is a multi-criteria decision making approach which can make quantitative analysis to the qualitative problem. To analyze the payment arrears risk with the method of AHPcan effectively make up the deficiency of the qualitative research and provide a new idea to solve the payment arrears.%层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process简称AHP)是一种多目标、多判据的系统评价方法,是一种可以对定性问题进行定量分析的多准则决策方法.用层次分析法的思想对工程款拖欠风险进行分析,可以有效的弥补定性研究的不足,为解决工程款拖欠提供了一种新的思路.

  1. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Evaluation of Bath Method in Space%层次分析法在空间洗浴方法评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭飞马; 党磊; 王小雪; 张美姿

    2016-01-01

    The characteristics of bath in the international space station including easy to operate, time saving, water saving and energy saving as well as the commonly used bath methods such as shower and free washing method were introduced in this paper. Analytic hierarchy process is a com⁃bination of qualitative and quantitative, systematic and hierarchical analysis method. The concept and application of analytic hierarchy process were analyzed. Based on the evaluation model of bath methods in the space station, the bath methods in space were estimated by analytic hierarchy process. The results showed that the comprehensive weight of free washing system was higher. The result from trade study indicated that the free washing system was the best choice at the present stage of the space station in three aspects including the occupied space resources, technology maturity and washing effect.%介绍了国际空间站洗浴具有操作简单、省时、节水和节能的特点,以及空间站常用的淋浴和免冲洗两种洗浴方法,简述了一种定性定量相结合、系统化、层次化的分析方法和它的应用范围,并在建立空间站洗浴方法评价指标体系的基础上,运用层次分析法对空间站洗浴方法进行评估。评估结果显示免冲洗方法的综合权重高于淋浴的综合权重,表明从空间资源占用、技术成熟度和洗浴效果三个方面来看,现阶段空间站洗浴的最佳选择是免冲洗系统。

  2. Research on the PACS selection priorities in different groups by analytic hierarchy process approach%应用层次分析法研究不同岗位人员对PACS指标的选择优先度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维进; 查云飞; 王弘; 甘霖; 张士涛

    2013-01-01

    目的:应用层次分析法研究临床医生、放射科人员、影像存档与传输系统(PACS)供应商和计算机工程人员等对PACS指标的选择优先度.方法:在咨询专家的基础上确定PACS的核心指标,再将这些指标分类、整理成层级化的结构.应用层次分析法确定层级化结构一级指标和二级指标的优先权重值.权重值通过一致性检验即是对PACS指标的选择优先度.结果:在3个一级指标中,4种不同岗位人员均将PACS功能和性能的重要性放在首一、首二的位置(权重值为0.3234~0.5876),而将PACS的组件重要性放在次要位置(权重值为0.0667~0.0890).在13个二级指标中,PACS指标选择优先度差异很大,最大权重值为0.7,最小为0.0338.结论:层次分析法可有效评估不同岗位人员对PACS指标的选择优先度.%Objective:To find the PACS selection priorities in different groups (like clinicians,radiological staff PACS providers and engineers) by using analytic hierarchy process approach.Methods:The key indicators for PACS were identified by consulting experts and classified into different levels.Analytical hierarchy process methodology was used to determine the relative priority weights of each dimension.Results:Among the 3 first level indicators,all the responders put PACS function and performance at No.1 or No.2 (weighted value is 0.3234~0.5876),and put PACS component at the least important level (weighted value is 0.0667~ 0.0890).Among 13 sub-indicators,the relative priority weights varied wildly (from 0.0338 to 0.7).Conclusion:Analytical hierarchy process can evaluate the PACS selection priorities in different groups effectively.

  3. Analytic Hierarchy Process to Define the Most Important Factors and Related Technologies for Empowering Elderly People in Taking an Active Role in their Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fico, G; Gaeta, E; Arredondo, M T; Pecchia, L

    2015-09-01

    Successful management of health conditions in older population is determined by strategic involvement of a professional team of careers and by empowering patients and their caregivers to take over a central role and responsibility in the daily management of condition. Identifying, structuring and ranking the most important needs related to these aspects could pave the way for improved strategies in designing systems and technological solutions supporting user empowerment. This paper presents the preliminary results of a study aiming to elicit these needs. Healthcare professionals, working together in the European and Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) initiative, have defined a set of needs and factors that have been organized in two hierarchies around the concepts of patient activation and proactive and prepared care team, defined in the Chronic Care Model. The two hierarchies have been mapped, by a team of experts in computer science, with technologies and solutions that could facilitate the achievement of the identified needs. PMID:26254254

  4. 不同国家产业升级环境的比较研究--基于层次分析方法%A Comparative Study of Different National Industrial Upgrading Environment-Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚男; 杜曙光

    2014-01-01

    Presently ,our country is in the middle-income stage ,and industrial upgrading is related to the stability of the economy continues to develop . Analytic Hierarchy Process is an effective method for evaluating the industrial upgrading environment . In the process of evaluation , the level of human resources ,innovation ability ,high technology ,and the sustainable development capability are chosen ;and multiple metrics were selected to evaluate .The article selects China ,United States ,Japan ,Germany , Brazil and South Africa for contrast ,makes an empirical analysis by using Analytic Hierarchy Process ,and makes clear the level of industrial optimization and upgrading in our country .%中国现处于中等收入阶段,进入到这一阶段后产业能否顺利转型升级关系到中国经济的稳定持续发展。使用层次分析法对中国产业升级环境进行综合评价是十分有效的方法,在评价过程中,从人力资源水平、创新研发能力、高新技术水平、可持续发展能力这四个方面来进行评价,对这四个方面分别选取多个度量指标进行评价。选择中国、美国、日本、德国、巴西、南非这六个国家作对比,并运用层次分析方法进行实证分析,明晰中国在产业升级方面处于什么水平、与优势国家的差距及未来的努力方向。

  5. 基于层次分析方法的工程项目分包商的确定研究%Analytic Hierarchy Process-based research on the selection of construction project subcontractor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程敏

    2016-01-01

    介绍了层次分析法的基本步骤,结合某工程实例,从层次分析模型建立、判断矩阵构造、特征向量计算、备选元素权重计算等方面,阐述了层次分析法在工程项目分包商确定中的应用,保证了分包商决策的客观性和科学性。%The PaPer introduces the basic stePs for the Analytic Hierarchy Process method,illustrates its aPPlication in the identification of the subcontractors of engineering Programs by combining with some engineering case from the establishment of the hierarchy analysis model,construc-tion of judgment matrix,eigenvalues calculation,and selection for element weight calculation,so as to ensure the decisions by the subcontractors to be objective and scientific.

  6. Research on Definition of Poor University Students Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的高校贫困生认定探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓传静

    2014-01-01

    通过运筹学中层次分析法对贫困生认定影响因素进行建模处理,旨在将确定学生贫困程度的定性问题转化为定量问题,从而为贫困生认定工作提供客观公正、可操作性强的新路径。%Based on analytic hierarchy process , the paper is built a scientific evaluation system to determine the poor students , in order to take calculating qualitative issues into quantitative questions and provide with an objective and workable path to solve the problem .

  7. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Water Source Selection of Construction Project%层次分析法在建设项目水源选择中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王烁; 王鹏彬

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the analytic hierarchy process, and uses this method to make a comprehensive evaluation of different selecting agent ,such as feasibility, reliability and standard , and different water source program,such as surface water, ground water, reclaimed water, tap water . Finally come to the conclusion . These are only for owners reference in the choice of water source program.%利用层次分析法,根据可行性、可靠性、标准性三方面对不同的水源(地表水、地下水、再生水、自来水)进行综合评价,最后得出结论。仅供业主在选择水源方案时参考。

  8. 软件需求定量分析及其映射的模糊层次分析法%A Quantification Approach to Software Requirements Analysis and Its Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊伟; 新藤久和; 渡边喜道

    2005-01-01

    在用数量化理论3类(quantification theory of type 3,简称QT3)定量地分析软件需求的基础上,以质量功能展开(quality function deployment,简称QFD)中的质量屋(house of quality,简称HOQ)系列矩阵为纲领,基于由模糊技术改进后的模糊层次分析法(fuzzy analytic hierarchy process,简称FAHP),提出了一种软件需求定量分析及其向设计实现过程模糊映射的方法.将该方法具体应用于CD-R/RW光盘刻录机软件的开发过程,其有效性得到了验证.

  9. 层次分析法在生活垃圾综合处理项目选址中的应用%Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Site Selection of Domestic Waste Integrated Treatment Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 陈海滨

    2011-01-01

    A assessing model of analytic hierarchy process was established. And those factors composed of traffic condition,building condition, geologic condition, environmental and social conditions were used for the first target of the assessing model for site selection of domestic waste integrated treatment project. The model was served for site selection of waste integrated treatment project in south grouping of Zhongshan, and it was proved feasible.%利用层次分析法,建立了以交通运输条件、建场条件、环境地质条件、环境及社会条件为一级指标的生活垃圾综合处理项目选址评价模型.通过中山市南部组团垃圾综合处理基地选址实例,证明该决策方法的可行性.

  10. System Study on Bus / Coach Safety Evaluation Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的客车安全性评价体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍亚军; 张云娇

    2012-01-01

    Through the selection principle of evaluation index, the authors divide the bus / coach safety into three in- dex systems which are active safety, passive safety and vehicle technology management. They make the qualitative index quantitative and determine each index weight, in order to take the comprehensive analysis of the evaluation value of bus / coach safety by use of the analytic hierarchy process.%通过评价指标选取原则,将客车安全分为主动安全、被动安全、车辆技术管理三大指标体系,利用层次分析法,把定性指标定量化,确定各指标权重,并综合分析得出客车的安全性评价值。

  11. 基于层次分析法的学生宿舍设计方案评价与选优%Evaluation and Optimization Selection of Students Dormitory Design Program Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠高峰

    2012-01-01

    以经济性,舒适性,安全性指标作为衡量学生宿舍的基本指标,使用层次分析法对四种典型的学生宿舍设计方案进行综合性的评价.建立相应的模型,运用Matlab软件进行编程求解,最终得到各宿舍楼方案的量化评价值,进行方案排康选优.%Making the economy, comfort and safety index as the basic indicators of students dormitory, this paper makes a comprehensive evaluation to the students dormitory design program by using analytic hierarchy process and sets up a corresponding model. The Matlab software programming is used to establish the evaluated model. Finally the evaluated values of the four dormitory designs are gain for selecting the optimizated design program.

  12. 基于优属度和层次分析法的冷热源方案优选%Scheme optimization for heat and cold sources based on optimal membership and analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫加贺; 黄建恩; 冯伟; 张丙利

    2011-01-01

    建立了基于优属度和层次分析法的优选模型,并以海门某办公大楼为实例,对不同的冷热源方案进行优选.结果显示,该模型计算简便,能够达到客观的、科学的优选空调系统冷热源的目的.%The model based on optimal membership and analytic hierarchy process was established. Different heat and cold sources were select for the optimization of central air-conditioning system of a office building in Haimen city. It is proved that the model could optimize the heat and cold sources easy、objectively and scientifically.

  13. Coal logistics node location method based on analytic hierarchy process%基于层次分析法的煤炭物流节点选址方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树; 朱莲美

    2015-01-01

    To decrease the circulation cost of supply chain, shorten transportation route, quicken system response speed and promote the cooperation of production and consumption,a coal logistics node location method based on analytic hierarchy process is proposed with comprehensive analysis from business,customer and regional plan perspectives. A coal node location hierarchical model is established with natural and social factors as main criterions. An optimum site-selection scheme is obtained by analyzing three given site-selection schemes using analytical hierarchy process. The coal logistics node location examples show that the method proposed here has strong operability and broad applicability.%为降低供应链流通成本、缩短运输路径、加快系统反应速度、促进生产和消费的协调配合,该文分别从企业、客户和区域规划角度进行综合分析,提出了基于层次分析法的煤炭物流节点选址方法。建立了以自然因素和社会因素为主要准则的煤炭节点选址层次模型,运用层次分析法对给定的三种选址方案进行分析,得出最优选址方案。煤炭物流节点选址实例应用表明,该方法具有较强的可操作性和广泛的适用性。

  14. AN INTEGRATED APPROACH OF INTERPRETIVE STRUCTURAL MODELING (ISM AND ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP IN DEVELOPING INSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM OF THE BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimbun Sumarsono

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABTRACT This study is aimed to knowing Structuring the sub element of Institutional System of Beef Cattle Industry, The methods used for data collection is by distributing questionnaires, interviews with experts and literature studies. Results of questionnaires and interviews with experts used to construct a hierarchy of election strategy Beef Cattle industry development. Preparation of hierarchy elections industrial development strategy Beef Cattle using AHP technique The formulation of a model institutional system Beef Cattle industry development with key elements in the element's goal is to realize a strong institutional element is the need for government support, elements of the perpetrator is a trader. While the key elements in the benchmarks is the increasing diversification of products Beef Cattle, element of constraint is the weak institutional system, lack of government support for industrial development Beef Cattle and the lack of guidance to the Breeders. For elements of the desired changes to the industrial development Beef Cattle is the formation of an independent group of cattle at the planting site Beef Cattle

  15. 基于粒子群算法的模糊层次分析法改进及其应用研究%Improvement of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Based on Particle Swarm Optimization and Its Application Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李壮阔; 薛有添

    2013-01-01

    提出了基于粒子群算法( Particle Swarm Optimization )的模糊层次分析法( Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process)模型,简称PSO-FAHP,将模糊判断矩阵一致性的检验、修正及各元素权重值的计算过程转化成非线性带约束系统优化问题,并利用粒子群算法实现了该问题的求解。构建了制造企业供应商选择评价指标体系,最后将该模型应用于制造企业供应商选择评价,结果表明,此模型能有效帮助企业选择较佳的供应商,对供应链构建有一定的指导意义。%This paper proposed a model of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process ( FAHP) based on particle swarm opti-mization( PSO) called PSO-FAHP.It transformed the consistency modified and elements ranking alternative of fuzzy judgement matrix into an optimization problem for nonlinear constrained system , and made use of particle swarm optimization to solve it .Finally, it built a evaluation index system for manufacturing enterprises ’ vendors selection and applied the PSO-FAHP model to manufacturing enterprises ’ venders selection and evaluation .The results show that this model can effectively help companies choose better venders and have certain guiding signifi -cance for building the supply chain .

  16. 层次分析法在物流中心选址过程中的应用%Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process to the Logistics Center Location

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕叶

    2011-01-01

    On the background that the logistics market has been more normalized and the market competition has been more intensified, the requirements of constructing the logistics centers with intergrity functions and consummate information network have been emphasized. Therefore, it is quite important to select a reasonable and optimized logistic center location. The paper systematically analyzed the process of logistics center location based on relevant principles, impact factors and the general algorithm. Based on the theoretic foundation, the paper applies the analytic hierarchy process to put forward an algorithm to confirm the optimum location of logistics center by simplifying the hierarchy structure model of logistics center location evaluation.%在物流市场日益规范化,市场竞争更加激烈的背景下,需要建立更多拥有健全的物流功能和完善的信息网络的物流中心,选择一个合理优化的地理位置建造物流中心显得尤为重要.根据物流中心选址的原则、影响因素以及通用方法,对物流中心的选址过程做了系统的讨论与分析,并在此基础上应用层次分析法,通过简化“物流中心选址评估”的递阶层次结构模型,提出了确定物流中心选址最优方案的算法.

  17. Modified Analytical Hierarchy Process (M-AHP) Based River-Line Flood Hazard Assessment Module Running on GIS: Netcad Architect Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avdac, Dogus; Poyraz, Mert; Nefeslioglu, Hakan A.; Sezer, Ebru A.; Toptas, Tunc E.; Celik, Deniz; Orhun, Koray; Osna, Turgay; Ak, Serdar; Gokceoglu, Candan

    2014-05-01

    The main purpose of the present study is to introduce an expert based river-line flood hazard assessment approach, and develop a module running this approach on Netcad Architect environment. The spatial variability of river-line flood hazard was evaluated by considering two components of the phenomenon. The first component defines the heuristic infiltration rates of ground while the second one expresses the heuristic potential of water accumulation. In order to model these heuristic concepts geological, geomorphological, and environmental factors were implemented. Soil erosion observed on residual soils of volcanic rocks, slope gradient and slope aspect of natural topography, and normalized difference vegetation index acquired from natural vegetation were considered to be the primary conditioning factors controlling the infiltration rates during possible short-term or long-term rainfall events. Additionally, the slope gradient of topography, drainage channel density, and topographic wetness index of ground being one of the second derivatives of topography were evaluated to be the main conditioning factors controlling water accumulation on ground. The conditioning factors evaluated in the present study were handled in Netcad GIS 6.0 environment. Netcad GIS 6.0 has all of the abilities which expected from a traditional GIS. Additionally, it has a new module namely Netcad Architect which enables to describe processes visually. The majority of the Architect was developed within ".Net". The main concept of the Architect is "Operator" and it corresponds the complex routines which maps inputs coming from data sources to output. As can be seen from this definition, the M-AHP and other expert based approaches could be easily defined as new operators in the Architect. Some of operators are specifically named as "Geocalculator" which provides templates for different forms of linear formulae. Similarly, operators which present templates of matrix are called as "Geokernel". The

  18. 基于层次分析法的国外典型巨灾风险保险模式评价%An Appraisal of Foreign Typical Catastrophe Insurance Modes Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭升

    2011-01-01

    通过分析美国国家洪水保险计划、英国洪水保险、日本地震保险三种典型巨灾风险保险模式的主要因素,提出一个由保险险种、保险方式、保险金额、保险费率、经营方式、经营风险六大要素构成的巨灾风险保险模式评价指标体系和评价标准,建立多层次的巨灾风险保险模式评价模型,并利用专家判断法和层次分析法确定各种方案的权重值,得出最优的巨灾风险保险模式,从而为我国巨灾风险保险模式的建立提供决策依据。%By analyzing the main factors influencing three typical catastrophe insurance modes, namely, American National Flood Insurance Program, British Flood Insurance and Japanese Earthquake Insurance, an appraisal index system and an appraisal standard are proposed, which contain six factors such as insurance category, insurance way, insurance amount, insurance premium rate, insurance organization, business risk. Then, a multi-hierarchy appraisal model for catastrophe insurance is established in which the weight value of each scheme is determined by using expert judgment method and analytic hierarchy process and the optimal scheme of catastrophe insurance is also offered. Therefore, the appraisal model can provide a decision-making foundation for the construction of catastrophe insurance mode in China.

  19. APPLICATION OF ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS ON MERCURY MINE ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT%层次分析法在汞矿区环境风险评价中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐平平; 郑昭佩; 薛友

    2013-01-01

    汞矿区的污染问题越来越受到重视,对汞矿区进行环境风险评价显得尤为重要.风险评价方法和模型的研究是进行环境风险评价的重要内容.根据汞矿区的区域环境敏感目标以及污染事故类型,结合层次分析法的原理,建立层次分析模型,通过两两比较构造判断矩阵,利用和积法进行计算,得到层次排序并进行一致性检验,从而得到各污染事故类型的相对重要性,为下一步的污染风险管理提供可靠依据.%The pollution problems of mercury mine are getting more and more attention, and to carry out environmental risk assessment for mercury mine is particularly important. Researching the methods and models of the risk assessment is an important content for the environmental risk assessment. According to the sensitive target of regional environment and the pollution incident type of the mercury mine, combined with the principle of Analytic Hierarchy Process, the hierarchy structure model was built. Then, the comparing judge matrix was structured. Used the sum and product method to calculate, got the hierarchical sorting and detected it with the consistency test, then the relative importance of pollution accident types was obtained. The result provided a scientific basis for risk management.

  20. 基于AHP的成长型企业战略性危机管理评价体系研究%Research on Strategic Crisis Management Evaluation System of Growing Enterprise Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑方

    2011-01-01

    战略性危机管理评价体系的构建对成长型企业的持续发展至关重要。按照层次分析法,以战略过程和成长因素的危机管理脆弱度作为一级指标,构建了可以充分体现战略性和危机性要素的评价指标体系,为提升企业战略性危机管理提供参考。其中,危机应对阶段,以及宏观环境、战略管理和制度安排是成长型企业危机因子中较为重要的方面,应在战略性危机管理中给予更多的关注。%Kvaluation index system of strategic crisis management is very important for growing enterprises.According to analytic hierarchy process,evaluation index system is established in order to provide reference for improving strategic crisis management level.And the evaluation index system takes strategy process and growth factor vulnerability as first-class indicator,fully reflecting the strategic and growth factor.The results show that crisis response process,macro environment,strategic management and institutional arrangement are relatively pivotal in crisis factors,needing more attention.

  1. 应用层次分析法建立心血管专科护士岗位价值评价模型%Application of analytic hierarchy process to construct cardiovascular nurses' job evaluation model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍春颖; 李庆印; 袁小飞; 李腾

    2013-01-01

    目的:建立心血管专科护士岗位价值评价模型,促进岗位管理的实施。方法:在回顾文献、参考成熟岗位价值评价标准的基础上,根据心血管专科护理工作特点,采用层次分析法,形成护士岗位价值评价一、二级指标及权重,最终制定心血管专科护士岗位价值评价模型。结果:形成心血管专科护士岗位价值一级指标6个(知识经验、技能、责任、风险、工作性质和工作环境)和二级指标22个;确定一级指标和二级指标的分数和权重。结论:通过层次分析法初步建立了心血管专科护士岗位价值的评价模型,内容客观全面,体现了心血管专科特色,为护士岗位绩效管理提供了依据。%Objective:To construct a job evaluation model for cardiovascular nurses to promote nursing job management. Methods:The job evaluation model for cardiovascular nurses was developed according to the characteristics of cardiovascular nurses, and referred to job evaluation standards from literature review. Analytic hierarchy process was employed to determine weights of the primary and secondary indicators. Results:The evaluation model was composed of 6 first-level indicators, including knowledge and experiences, skill, responsibility, risk, job nature, work environment, and 22 second-level indicators. We also determined scores and weights of the indicators of the two levels. Conclusion:The job evaluation model for cardiovascular nurses was developed by analytic hierarchy process. The evaluation model reflecting the cardiovascular professional characteristics, is reliable and comprehensive, and provided the basis for nurses' job and performance management.

  2. Optimal Planning of the Capacity and Site of EV Charging Facilities by the Analytical Hierarchy Process%电动汽车充电设施分层递进式定址定容最优规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙元; 丁茂生; 柳劲松; 杨永标; 许晓慧; 徐青山; 时姗姗

    2014-01-01

    电动汽车充电设施作为发展电动汽车产业的重要配套基础设施,是电动汽车产业推广与普及的前提。文章采用分层递进式方法对充电设施进行定址定容规划建模求解。首先,根据交通、地理、需求等因素,采用层次分析法来确定充电设施的候选站址;然后,建立以总体建设成本最小为目标,以充电需求和线路传输容量为约束的优化模型,采用遗传算法,对候选站址进行优化,得到充电设施的建设地址和容量。最后通过一个充电设施规划算例,建立最优化模型并予以求解,验证本文所给的充电设施规划方法的合理性和可行性。%As an important supporting infrastructure for the development of the electric vehicle industry,the electric vehicle charging facilities are the prerequisite of the promotion and popularization of the electric vehicle industry. This paper made a model for the EV charging facilities planning and sought the solution by the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Firstly,the Analytical Hierarchy Process was adopted to find the candidate sites of the charging facilities, according to the factorssuch as transportation,geography,demand and others. Secondly,an optimal model was made, with the smallest overall construction cost as the objective,and the charging demand and the transmission capacity of the power lines as the restraint. Then by using the genetic algorithm,the candidate sites of the charging facilities were optimized to obtain the construction sites and capacity of the charging facilities. Finally,a hypothetical example of the charging facilities planning was given to further elaborate the model and to verify the rationality and feasibility of the model and the method.

  3. Application of the analytic hierarchy process to a sustainability assessment of coastal beach exploitation: a case study of the wind power projects on the coastal beaches of Yancheng, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Weijun; Bai, Jie; Sun, Huimei; Zhao, Yangguo

    2013-01-30

    Sustainability assessments of coastal beach exploitation are difficult because the identification of appropriate monitoring methodologies and evaluation procedures is still ongoing. In particular, the most suitable procedure for the application of sustainability assessment to coastal beaches remains uncertain. This paper presents a complete sustainability assessment process for coastal beach exploitation based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). We developed an assessment framework consisting of 14 indicators derived from the three dimensions of suitability, economic and social value, and ecosystem. We chose a wind power project on a coastal beach of Yancheng as a case study. The results indicated that the wind power farms on the coastal beach were not completely in keeping with sustainable development theory. The construction of the wind power farms had some negative impacts. Therefore, in the design stage, wind turbines should be designed and planned carefully to minimize these negative impacts. In addition, the case study demonstrated that the AHP was capable of addressing the complexities associated with the sustainability of coastal beaches.

  4. Integrated Assessment of Environmental and Economic Performance of Chemical Products Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach%运用层次分析法对化学产品的环境经济性能集成评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱宇; 黄智贤; 闫志国

    2007-01-01

    With the increasing public consciousness on environmental issues, chemical products and process designs require simultaneous satisfaction and compromise of environmental and economical requirements. To fulfill the two conflicting while complementary objectives, a systematic approach for life cycle design of a chemical product is proposed in this article. Multiattrihnte decision-making is adopted in a trade-off consideration of both technical economical evaluation and environmental impacts assessment using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP)approach. On the basis of an evaluation of the relative importance of the criteria multicriteria decision making is performed. In this study, an AHP model is used to derive single a criteria score by analyzing the environmental impact and life cycle cost of a product, respectively. And a fluctuant weight analysis is put forth to calculate the integrated index of the product to enable products to be ranked or selected intuitionally and conveniently. The proposed AHP model has been applied to a case study, a comparative study on chamber cleaning with NF3 and C2F6. The results show that the proposed AHP model is capable of providing a rational and relevant evaluation.

  5. 层次分析法在地方政府投资项目决策中的应用研究%Research on Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Decision-making of Local Government-invested Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江俊龙

    2013-01-01

    地方政府投资项目的选择对地区的经济发展及社会稳定等会产生重大影响。适合的评价方法有助于做出合理的决策。层次分析法是一种定性与定量分析相结合的多目标决策分析方法,特别是将决策者的经验判断给予量化,对目标(因素)结构复杂且缺乏必要的数据情况下更为实用。本文通过案例阐述了层次分析法的应用过程,为相关决策人员提供方法上的帮助。%The selection of local government-invested projects plays an important role in the development and social stability of regions. Appropriate evaluation methods will help to make reasonable decisions. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a multi-objective decision-making method which combines the qualitative analysis with quantitative analysis. Especially, it can be used in situation without complete data. The paper, by using of case illustrating, describes the application processes of AHP. And provide methodological assistance for decision-makers.

  6. 大学生择业层次分析模型研究%The application of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in the employment of graduates from local colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琦; 纵榜峰

    2015-01-01

    本文首先介绍了层次分析法,并运用层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process简称AHP)来分析大学生对所提供的工作的满意程度,并进一步分析影响大学生就业选择的因素,并针对性的提出对策与建议.

  7. State Evaluation of Power Transmission Lines Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%基于层次分析-模糊综合评判的输电线路状态评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段巍; 林怡

    2015-01-01

    State evaluation of power transmission lines can provide reference for their maintenance and repair. To ensure the safe and reliable operation of transmission lines and build a relatively more complete evaluation index system of transmission lines, the evaluation method based on analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and fuzzy compre⁃hensive evaluation is proposed. All the index weights were determined by nine-scale AHP and the state evaluation results for power transmission line were obtained by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. Combining AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method not only overcomes the subjectivity of the index of AHP that is not easy to quanti⁃fy, but also avoids the neglect of index weight induced by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, and thus has some implication for complex multi⁃factor decision⁃making problems such as state evaluation of power transmission lines.%输电线路状态评估可以为输电线路的维护和检修提供可靠的参考依据。为了确保输电线路安全可靠运行,构建了较为完整的输电线路评价指标体系,提出了基于层次分析( analytic hierarchy process, AHP)和模糊综合评判( fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, FCE)的输电线路状态评估方法。利用九标度层次分析法确定各项指标的权重,通过模糊综合评判,得出输电线路状态综合评判结果。将AHP 和模糊综合评判方法相结合,既能克服层次分析法中指标不易量化的主观性,又能避免模糊综合评判方法对指标权重的忽视,为解决复杂的输电线路状态评估等多因素决策问题提供一定的借鉴。

  8. Road Transportation Emergency Risk Assessment Based on Gray-analytic Hierarchy Process%基于灰色层次分析法的道路运输应急风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷涛

    2013-01-01

      运用灰色层次分析方法,通过对四川省道路运输应急管理系统影响因子进行系统分析,建立了定量的综合评价模型。并对目前阶段的应急管理存在的风险进行评价,从而使四川省道路运输应急管理具备客观有效的评价方法,使提高应急保障能力更具有针对性,也为完善四川省应急保障能力提供了科学有效的依据。%This thesis analyzed the influencing factors in the road transportation emergency management system of Sichuan province by using Gray-Analytic Hierarchy Process, and built up a quantitative synthetic evaluation model for assessing the current phase of emergency management risk, which was helpful to enhance emergency support ability and to provide a scientific basis for improving the road transportation emergency support ability of Sichuan province.

  9. Development and Optimization of Hybrid Friction Materials Consisting of Nanoclay and Carbon Nanotubes by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS under Fuzzy Atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tej SINGH

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The tribo-performance of nanoclay and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT filled and graphite lubricated phenolic composites, reinforced with a combination of lapinus and kevlar fibers, have been evaluated on a Kraus friction testing machine. The combined fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP and fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (FTOPSIS approach, taking into account performance defining attributes (PDAs such as friction performance, wear, friction-fade, friction-recovery, stability coefficient, variability coefficient, friction fluctuations and temperature rise of the disc, was used for the performance assessment of fabricated friction composite materials. The weight of different PDAs were evaluated by FAHP; μ-performance (0.144, 0.255, 0.435, wear (0.144, 0.255, 0.435, fade-% (0.073, 0.15, 0.307, recovery-% (0.063, 0.126, 0.268, stability coefficient (0.037, 0.075, 0.156, variability coefficient (0.032, 0.063, 0.136, frictional fluctuations (0.023, 0.037, 0.069, and DTR (0.023, 0.037, 0.069 respectively.  FTOPSIS was employed to determine the optimal ranking of the friction composite materials as NC-7>NC-8>NC-6>NC-5>NC-3>NC-4>NC-2>NC-1. The alternative with kevlar: lapinus, 2.5:27.5 wt-% and graphite: nanoclay: carbon nanotube, 2.25:2.75 wt-% exhibits the optimal properties.

  10. 基于层次分析法的高校教师绩效评价实证研究%Case Study of College Teacher Performance Evaluation Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璟

    2011-01-01

    College teachers' performance evaluation is an important means of improving teachers' work and upgrading the college management system as well as a key factor to advance the healthy development of colleges.This essay analyzes the evaluation results of two teachers by adopting the analytic hierarchy process so as to provide a sample for the current college evaluation system.It provides suggestions of the reasonable usage of evaluation results in order to rationalize college teahers' performance evaluation.%高校教师绩效评价是优化高校管理和教师工作的重要手段,也是促进高校健康发展的一个关键因素。高校教师绩效评价具有相对的独特性,研究运用层次分析法对两位教师的绩效评价进行分析,从绩效薪酬的制定、人才选拔、教师的培训工作、高校建设的投入等方面着手,使高校教师绩效评价更加合理化。

  11. 模糊层次分析法在质量功能配置中的应用%Application of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process in Quality Function Deployment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张池; 胡文超; 江擒虎

    2016-01-01

    In this article ,the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process(FAHP) was introduced into Quality Function Deployment (QFD) to analyze the customers’ demand ,and the important degree of customers’ demands and technical characteristics were obtained ,which could be used to the optimum design of products .The multi-objective optimization of planetary gear reducer was taken as an exam-ple ,the practical effect of QFD-AHP method was verified .%将模糊层次分析法引入质量功能配置,用以分析顾客需求,得到各项顾客需求与各项技术特性的重要程度,并通过FAHP-QFD方法得到的结果指导产品优化设计。以行星齿轮减速器的多目标优化设计为例,验证了FAHP-QFD方法的实用效果。

  12. 基于灰色层次分析的后装专业处置能力评估磁%Skill Capability Evaluation of Logistics and Equipment Integrated Support Training Based on Grey Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚原; 周同喜

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of the contingency ,sustainability and precision of the logistics and equipment integrated support training ,an index system of skill capability was constructed .And in this paper ,a grey analytic hierarchy process with grey system and AHP was used to evaluate the skill capability in the logistics and equipment integrated support training .It was conducive to find the primary factor that influenced the integrated support training quality of logistics andequip -ment .And it was also beneficial to draw up a specific training plan and take specific training .%围绕后装一体化专业保障训练要突出应急保障、持续保障和精确保障这三种能力,建立评估指标体系,并利用AHP 法与灰统计相结合的灰色层次分析法对后装一体化专业处置能力进行评估,有利于查找影响后装一体化保障训练质量的主要因素,进行针对性训练。

  13. Emergency control system based on the analytical hierarchy process and coordinated development degree model for sudden water pollution accidents in the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yan; Xu, Guobin; Ma, Chao; Chen, Liang

    2016-06-01

    Water transfer projects are important for realizing reasonable allocation of water resources, but once a water pollution accident occurs during such a project, the water environment is exposed to enormous risks. Therefore, it is critical to determine an appropriate emergency control system (ECS) for sudden water pollution accidents that occur in water transfer projects. In this study, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) integrated with the coordinated development degree model (CDDM) was used to develop the ECS. This ECS was developed into two parts, including the emergency risk assessment and the emergency control. Feasible emergency control targets and control technology were also proposed for different sudden water pollution accidents. A demonstrative project was conducted in the Fangshui to Puyang channel, which is part of the Beijing-Shijiazhuang Emergency Water Supply Project (BSP) in the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (MR-SNWTP) in China. However, we could not use an actual toxic soluble pollutant to validate our ECS, so we performed the experiment with sucrose to test the ECS based on its concentration variation. The relative error of peak sucrose concentration was less than 20 %. PMID:26979314

  14. Analytic Hierarchy Process-Based Evaluation of Industrial Solid Waste Comprehensive Utilization Technology%层次分析法综合评价工业固体废物综合利用技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清; 陈安燕; 兰明章; 杨进波

    2013-01-01

    工业固体废物的综合利用技术众多,如何综合评价这些技术具有重要意义.文章采用层次分析法对其进行综合评价.应用层次分析法从技术性、经济效益、社会和环境效益三个方面进行评价.结果表明:社会和环境效益对工业固体废物综合利用技术的影响占有绝对的优势.利用各指标的权重得出简化公式,可以对工业固体废物综合利用技术进行综合评价.%There are many kinds of industrial solid waste comprehensive utilization technologies so far, and evaluation of these technologies is more and more important. This paper adopts the analytic hierarchy process to carry on the evaluation considering three aspects: technicality, economic benefit, and social and environmental benefit. The results show that social and environmental benefit occupies absolute advantage in the influence of industrial solid waste comprehensive utilization technologies. Applying the weight of each index to obtain a simplified formula, the simplified formula can be used to evaluate industrial solid waste comprehensive utilization technologies.

  15. 基于模糊层次分析法的本科毕业论文管理评价%Evaluation of Undergraduate Thesis Management Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 马龙; 钱时权; 许晖; 王永斌

    2016-01-01

    It constructed the undergraduate teaching quality monitoring system in this paper based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process ,determined the weight value of each level of evaluation index .The theory of fuzzy teaching was applied to analyze the management of undergraduate thesis empirically ,thus to realize the dynamic management of the performance evaluation of the teaching management of undergraduate the -sis .Undergraduate thesis is an important link in undergraduate teaching work .It is highly essential both to strengthen the management of teaching quality of graduation thesis and to make the graduation thesis man -agement scientific ,institutionalized .%构建了基于层次分析法的本科毕业论文教学质量监控指标体系,确定各层次评价指标权重值。运用模糊数学理论对本科毕业论文管理进行实证分析,实现了本科毕业论文教学管理工作绩效评价的动态管理。本科毕业论文是本科教学工作中重要的教学环节,加强对毕业论文的教学质量管理,使毕业论文管理科学化、制度化是非常必要的。

  16. Mining Equipment Selection Based on Value Engineering and Analytical Hierarchy Process and Its Application%基于价值工程和层次分析法的矿井设备选型方法与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞锋

    2013-01-01

    Value Engineering is one of emerging modern management methods. The paper introduces the Value Engineering into mining equipment selection and analyzes its application, and improves the evaluation method of Value Engineering program by using Analytical Hierarchy Process. At last, it discusses the building and optimization of mining equipment selection model, providing reference for the application of Value Engineering in coal engineering.%  价值工程是新兴的现代化管理方法之一,本文将价值工程的概念及方法引入矿井设备选型中,对价值工程在矿井设备选型中的应用进行了研究,并引入层次分析法,改进了价值工程方案评价的方法,为建立和优化矿井机械设备选型模型作了应用上的探讨,以便为价值工程的在煤炭工程中的应用提供更为广阔的空间。

  17. 基于灰色层次分析法的舰船设计方案评估研究%Research on Design Scheme Evaluation of Warship Based on Grey Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴志飞; 肖丁; 张立

    2013-01-01

    The design scheme of warship includes many factors. Some are prone to measure and others are hard. It usually brings difficulties to solution-selecting work. Aimed at the characteristics of warship development, it adopts the grey analytical hierarchy process to research the design scheme evaluation based on building the scheme evaluation index system so as to reduce the subjectivity of decision and make it more reasonable.%舰船设计方案涉及因素众多,有些因素易于量化,有些因素难以量化,往往给方案优选工作带来诸多困难.针对舰船研制特点,在建立方案评估指标体系基本框架的基础上,引进灰色层次分析法对舰船设计方案进行研究,以期降低决策的主观随意性,使决策更加科学合理.

  18. Evaluation Method of Selecting Type of the Equipment Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%基于模糊层次分析法的设备选型评价方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎咏梅

    2013-01-01

      企业设备选型的合理性决定了企业产品质量和生产成本,针对设备选型过程中影响因素的复杂性和多样性,构建设备选型评价指标体系。在此基础上,联合层次分析法和模糊综合评价法建立设备选型评价决策模型。最后通过实际案例验证了该模型的实用性。%Product quality and production cost of enterprise were determined by the rationality of selecting type of equipment. According to the complexity and diversity of influencing factors, the evaluation index system was established. On this basis, analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method were adopted to establish the evaluation and decision model of selecting what type of the equipment. Finally, model practicability was verified in one experience project.

  19. 层次分析法在商业银行信息化绩效评价的应用%The Application of the Analytical Hierarchy Process in Performance Evaluation System in Commercial Bank's IT Department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江涛; 周泓

    2009-01-01

    平衡计分卡(Balanced Score Card)是一系列财务绩效衡量指标与非财务绩效衡量指标的综合体,它为管理层快速、全面、客观地考察企业的运营状况提供最为真实的依据.IT平衡计分卡是为实现商业银行信息化战略服务,关注商业银行信息化建设.正确评价商业银行信息部门的绩效水平的前提是建立科学、合理、可行的评价指标体系.采取层次分析法(Analytical Hierarchy Process, AHP)建立商业银行信息部门的绩效综合评价模型,能有效地反映出商业银行信息化的基本情况,抓住主要因素,以保证评价工作的全面性和可信度,同时评价指标易于操作.

  20. Study on Quality Standard of Logistics Management Specialty Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法对高职物流管理专业质量标准的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫玉苹

    2014-01-01

    By using the analytic hierarchy process, to study the quality standard of higher vocational logistics management, mainly from three aspects, including the ability of students to expand the index system, evaluation system of accomplishmentevaluation index system and logistics professional courses, total sorting table obtained professional quality standards of higher vocational logistics management,a little advice on the construction of logistics management specialty in Higher Vocational education.%运用层次分析法,对高职物流管理质量标准进行研究,主要从三个方面入手,包括学生能力拓展指标体系、教师修养测评指标体系和物流专业课程评价体系,得出高职物流管理专业质量标准的总排序表,对高职物流管理专业建设提供一点指导建议。

  1. Emergency control system based on the analytical hierarchy process and coordinated development degree model for sudden water pollution accidents in the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yan; Xu, Guobin; Ma, Chao; Chen, Liang

    2016-06-01

    Water transfer projects are important for realizing reasonable allocation of water resources, but once a water pollution accident occurs during such a project, the water environment is exposed to enormous risks. Therefore, it is critical to determine an appropriate emergency control system (ECS) for sudden water pollution accidents that occur in water transfer projects. In this study, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) integrated with the coordinated development degree model (CDDM) was used to develop the ECS. This ECS was developed into two parts, including the emergency risk assessment and the emergency control. Feasible emergency control targets and control technology were also proposed for different sudden water pollution accidents. A demonstrative project was conducted in the Fangshui to Puyang channel, which is part of the Beijing-Shijiazhuang Emergency Water Supply Project (BSP) in the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (MR-SNWTP) in China. However, we could not use an actual toxic soluble pollutant to validate our ECS, so we performed the experiment with sucrose to test the ECS based on its concentration variation. The relative error of peak sucrose concentration was less than 20 %.

  2. Selection System Model of Project Manager Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的项目经理的选拔体系模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢栋明

    2016-01-01

    项目经理是决定项目管理成败的关键人物,选拔出优秀的项目经理是一个项目成功运作的开始。通过分析项目经理应具备的素质与能力,构建项目经理选拔体系指标,运用层次分析法确定各指标的权重,再按模糊综合评价方法进行评判,使项目经理选拔更加科学、客观、准确。%Project manager is the key person to decide the success or failure of the project management, the selection of excellent project managers is the beginning of a successful project. This paper analyses the quality and ability of the project manager should possess, construct the index of project manager selection system, and using the analytic hierarchy process to determine the weight of each index, judge according to the fuzzy comprehensive assessment method,to make the selection of project manager more scientific, objec-tive and accurate.

  3. Lifting Scheme Evaluation of Chevron Gate of Ship Lock Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于模糊层次分析法的船闸人字门提升方案评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱大林; 甘虎; 都林; 曾明

    2011-01-01

    The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method is not fit for obtaining the weight value of each plan in multi-plan evaluation problems. Taking lifting scheme of chevron gate of three gorges lock for an example, a multi-plan compositive evaluation method is proposed based on AHP and fuzzy theory. And then, the evaluation model of lifting scheme of chevron gate of ship lock is established and three kinds of schemes are compared. Finally, the lifting scheme of spanning lock chamber simply supported beam is selected as the optimum scheme. It shows that the scheme and evaluation model is reasonable and effective.%针对在多方案评价中层次分析法不宜求取各方案权重值的问题,以三峡船闸人字门提升方案为例,提出了一种基于层次分析法和模糊理论的多方案综合评价方法,建立了船闸人字门提升方案评价模型,并对比评价了三种船闸人字门提升方案,最终选出跨闸室简支梁提升方案为最优方案,表明该方法和评价模型合理、有效.

  4. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process to Determine Consumers¡¯ Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy for Organizations in the Nigerian Global System for Mobile Telecommunication Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Bolajoko Nkemdinim Dixon-Ogbechi; Sikuade Oladimeji Jagun

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, research has revealed the importance of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its significant impact on organizational performance. Also, scholars have recognized that consumers¡¯ attitudes and behaviors towards products and organizations are greatly influenced by organizational CSR programs and strategies. Consumers are generally recognized as one of the primary stakeholders of organizations in the marketing exchange process hence their perceptions of CSR are important s...

  5. Analytic Hierarchy Process Application Research in Military Existing Building Reform Scheme Decision-making%层次分析法在军队既有房屋改造方案决策中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌

    2014-01-01

    To solve the existing scheme selection problem in the process of building reform effectively,this article summarizes the building renovation of technical and economic evaluation method and its characteris-tics,on the basis,putting forward to apply Analytic hierarchy process in converting the problem of qualita-tive analysis to quantitative calculation.According to project targets and requirements to build a hierarchy analysis model combining with engineering examples,we confirm the weight between the same level of each element in the target to measure by expert argumentation and data collection,then solving the judge-ment matrix to get the single sequencing and the total sequencing.The results show that adding-storeys scheme has good comprehensive benefits.Results show that this method for solving problem of both houses retrofit scheme decision-making is feasible,While adding-storeys transformation scheme in program selec-tion has certain advantages and good overall efficiency.%为有效解决军队既有房屋改造过程中的方案选择问题,研究了房屋改造的技术经济评价方法及其特点,在此基础上,提出了应用层次分析法,将问题的定性分析转化为定量计算。结合工程实例,根据工程的具体目标与要求构建层次结构分析模型,通过专家论证与数据收集确定同一层次之间各元素在目标衡量中所占的权重,对判断矩阵求解得出层次单排序与层次总排序。结果表明,此方法对于解决军队既有房屋改造方案决策问题具有可行性,同时增层改造方案在方案选择上具有一定的优势和良好的综合效益。

  6. Tomada de Decisão usando o Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP para a Seleção de um Curso para Concurso Público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Willy de Carvalho Andrade

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The decision-making process is based on customer evaluation of the features, quality attributes and available alternatives of products or services. This analysis is important for a company because it directly affects demand for their products. In particular, one service has been highlighted for being in great demand by Brazilian consumers: courses designed to prepare candidates for civil servant exams. This article sought to identify which are the main criteria that students consider when choosing a preparatory course, and to provide managers of these courses with a decision-making tool. We conducted an exploratory research in order to discover the key attributes of decision-making in the field of educational services. Using the AHP for multi-criteria decision making, we analyzed and compared data from questionnaires answered by managers and students from a preparatory course. The results indicated that the course manager and students held conflicting views concerning the value of course features. This demonstrates the need to align customers’ desires and expectations with the resources offered by the institution in order to change the perceived reality.

  7. AN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES: PRIORITIZING THE PRACTICES OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo G. Salgado

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness of quality management in the effort to satisfy customers' expectations has been questioned both by academicians and practitioners. In the course of the evolution of quality, very important theories have been developed in the field but failed to satisfy customers' expectation. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenge and develop a new method to address it. Following a literature review on the evolution of the concept of quality, confusions and limitations in the present paradigm are clarified. Then the future quality paradigm is proposed, and two practical cases are presented to substantiate the new approach. Quality management evolved from product inspection at the final stages of the production process. Basically, manufacturers take care of quality up to the point where a product is delivered to a customer. Product failure occurs due to various reasons after purchase. However, this happened or discovered during operational phase of the product which subsequently result in dissatisfaction for the users after purchase. To address this misalignment, all inclusive approach called Lifecycle Quality came into being as the future generation's paradigm. Misalignment between the manufacturer and the customer's desire in the operational phases of a product life-time leads to market loss to the former and dissatisfaction to the latter. Considering lifecycle quality of the product will definitely resolve the occurrence of such undesired outcomes affecting the two parties.

  8. Subcontractor Selection Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesile Sinem Arikan Kargi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Turkish textile firms work under a heavily competitive atmosphere in terms of prices due to globalization. Firms have to take into consideration several criteria like cost, quality and delivery-on-time in order to survive the global market conditions and to maintain profitability. To meet these criteria, contractor companies have to select the best subcontractor. Therefore, the selection of subcontractor for the contractor company is a problem. The aim of this study is to solve the problem of Yeşim Textile, a contractor company, about the selection of the best subcontractor for its customer Nike. To solve the problem, firstly, the main criteria and relevant sub-criteria, which are of importance for Yeşim and Nike, were defined. Then, authorities from the firms were interviewed in order to formulate pairwise comparison matrices using the Saaty’s importance scale. In a sense, this matrix is the model of this study. The model, named AHP, was analyzed using the Expert Choice software. Best subcontractors for Yeşim were determined based on the model results. In addition, these results were analyzed for the firm’s decision makers.

  9. 基于层次分析法的研发人员绩效考核研究%Investigation in the Performance Assessment of R & D Employees Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏; 李亨英

    2012-01-01

    RD(research and development) employees are the main human resources for innovation.They are the sustainable power of enterprise to compete with.This research started from the characteristics of RD employee,design and build a set of RD employee performance assessment indexes from the three performance dimensions of results,behavior and ability,calculated the weight of the three dimensions by using analytic hierarchy process,and provided some valuable reference for RD employee performance assessment of enterprises.The study indicated that ability should be based on when RD employees are recruited and trained,stress should be laid on the results of the evaluation indexes in the evaluation of them,and flexible working systems should be developed in the RD employees' daily working process.%研发人员是企业创新的主要人力资源,是企业持续竞争力的重要保障。本研究从分析研发人员的特点着手,从结果、行为、能力三个绩效维度设计和建立了一套对研发人员绩效考核的指标,并运用层次分析法计算出三个维度的权重,为企业研发人员绩效考核工作提供一些有价值的参考。研究结果表明,在对研发人员进行招聘和上岗培训时,应该基于能力导向;在考核研发人员时,应该注重对结果性指标的考评;在日常的工作过程中应该对研发人员制定柔性的工作制度。

  10. 基于区间层级分析法的VANET安全风险评估方法%Risk Assessment Approach for Preservation in VANET Based on Interval Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳梁; 马士友; 赵喜求

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at the complex and the uncertainty of influencing factor in the process of vehicle Ad Hoc network security risk assessment. Proposes a network security risk assessment method based on Interval Analytical Hierarchy Process. The method uses interval data to delimit expert judge degrees and computes the relative weight of the risk factors, it boosts up reliability of e- valuation result in network security risk assessment. The simulation based on the attack of the location information shows that this method is one kind of more scientific and the more objec- tive method in VANET security risk assessment.%针对车载自组织网络风险评估过程中存在的复杂性和影响因素的不确定性.提出采用区间层次分析法对VANET进行安全风险评估。该方法通过用区问数给出专家评分等级区间并计算出风险因素的相对权重,增强对网络安全风险评估结果的可信度。以位置信息威胁为实例并进行仿真实验.结果表明在VANET安全风险评估中采用区间层次分析法是一种更加科学的、更加客观的方法。

  11. 模糊层次分析在河道岸滩稳定性评价中的应用%Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Evaluation of River Bank Stability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王延贵; 金亚昆

    2014-01-01

    河岸边界条件和河流动力条件是影响岸滩稳定的关键因素,为了探讨多种因素对岸滩稳定性的影响与评价,通过分析枯水期和洪水期岸滩稳定性的主要影响因素及差异,建立了河流岸滩崩塌影响因子的层次结构模型,利用层次分析法给出了枯水期和洪水期各主要影响因素的权重系数,指出无论在枯水期还是在洪水期,各主要影响因素对岸滩稳定性的作用具有很大的差异,进而提供了岸滩稳定性评价的新思路。%The bank boundary condition and the river dynamic condition are the key influence factors on bank stability .In order to study roles and evaluating method of many influence factors on the bank stability ,a hierarchical framework model is established through analyzing differences among main influence factors during the dry period and the flood period ,and weight coefficients of the main influence factors are given using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP ) under corresponding conditions . It is pointed that the role of each factor in the bank failure process is much different whether in the flood season or in the dry season .A new idea evaluating the bank stability is given based on the AHP .

  12. Systematic assessment of benefits and risks: study protocol for a multi-criteria decision analysis using the Analytic Hierarchy Process for comparative effectiveness research [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/1fk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisa M Maruthur

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Regulatory decision-making involves assessment of risks and benefits of medications at the time of approval or when relevant safety concerns arise with a medication. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP facilitates decision-making in complex situations involving tradeoffs by considering risks and benefits of alternatives. The AHP allows a more structured method of synthesizing and understanding evidence in the context of importance assigned to outcomes. Our objective is to evaluate the use of an AHP in a simulated committee setting selecting oral medications for type 2 diabetes.  Methods: This study protocol describes the AHP in five sequential steps using a small group of diabetes experts representing various clinical disciplines. The first step will involve defining the goal of the decision and developing the AHP model. In the next step, we will collect information about how well alternatives are expected to fulfill the decision criteria. In the third step, we will compare the ability of the alternatives to fulfill the criteria and judge the importance of eight criteria relative to the decision goal of the optimal medication choice for type 2 diabetes. We will use pairwise comparisons to sequentially compare the pairs of alternative options regarding their ability to fulfill the criteria. In the fourth step, the scales created in the third step will be combined to create a summary score indicating how well the alternatives met the decision goal. The resulting scores will be expressed as percentages and will indicate the alternative medications' relative abilities to fulfill the decision goal. The fifth step will consist of sensitivity analyses to explore the effects of changing the estimates. We will also conduct a cognitive interview and process evaluation.  Discussion: Multi-criteria decision analysis using the AHP will aid, support and enhance the ability of decision makers to make evidence-based informed decisions consistent

  13. 基于层次分析法语义知识的人脸表情识别新方法%A novel facial expression recognition method based on semantic knowledge of analytical hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡步发; 黄银成; 陈炳兴

    2011-01-01

    At present, there are intrinsic differences between machine recognition of facial expression and human perception in the facial expression recognition system, which affect the precision of facial expression recognition. In order to reduce the semantic gap between the low-level visual features of face images and high-level semantic, a novel facial expression recognition method based on semantic knowledge of analytical hierarchy process (AHP) is presented. The analytical hierarchy process method is adopted to describe the high-level semantic of face images of the training set, which further used to establish semantic features. In the stage of low-level visual features extraction, the 2nd-order principal component analysis method is proposed to extract the texture features of face images. In the recognition stage, only low-level visual features of the input face image is used, and k-nearest neighbor method combined with semantic features in the study stage is used to classify the facial expressions. The proposed method combines the low-level visual features with high-level semantic features, reducing the semantic gap between them. The experiments are conducted on Japanese Female Facial Expression (JAFFE) database and the overall recognition rate of 93.92% is achieved. Theoretical analysis and experimental results both show that the proposed method has higher recognition rate.%在目前的人脸表情识别系统中,人脸表情的机器识别和人类感知之间存在着本质的差异,造成人脸表情识别率不高.为了减小人脸图像底层视觉特征与高层语义之间的语义鸿沟,提出一种基于层次分析法(AHP)语义知识的人脸表情识别新方法.该方法首先采用层次分析法对训练集中人脸图像进行高层语义描述,建立语义特征向量,在底层视觉特征提取阶段,提出一种二阶PCA(principal component analysis)方法来提取人脸图像的纹理特征;在识别阶段,仅利用输入人脸图像的底层

  14. Factor Analysis of Tourism Motivation Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的旅游动机形成因子分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周成; 江海旭

    2012-01-01

    旅游动机研究是旅游系统研究的重要组成部分。基于层次分析法,将旅游者旅游动机形成因素分为两大准则层因子和若干子层因子,通过层次分析软件(yaahp0.4.1)得出各因子权重并予以评价;根据旅游动机强弱和旅游地吸引力大小将旅游者分为现实旅游者、机会旅游者和潜在旅游者,将旅游地分为理想旅游地、机会旅游地和潜在旅游地。这对于深入研究旅游行为、旅游景区针对性建设和旅游市场营销有着重要意义。%Tourism motivation is an important focus of the research on tourism system.Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process,this paper divides the formation factors of tourism motive into two criteria layer factors and some object layer factors.The weight of each factor is obtained and evaluated by the hierarchical analysis software(yaahp0.4.1).According to the degree of the motivation and attraction of tourism destination,tourists are divided into realistic tourists,probable tourists and potential tourists;tourist destinations are divided into ideal destination,probable and potential tourism destination.The paper finally concludes that the research is significant to the in-depth study of tourist's behavior and construction of targeted tourism destination and tourism marketing.

  15. ANALYSIS OF FINANCING MODE IN THE URBAN SEWAGE TREATMENT BASED ON ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS%基于AHP的城市污水处理融资模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴丽琼

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, firstly, the current situation of urban sewage treatment is overviewed, then the existing problems of the financing modes are pointed out.And then, the background, development status, merit and demerit of five financing modes are analyzed.And important factors which could affect the choice of mode are abstracted.Analytic hierarchy process is taken to make decision to the five modes, and the result shows that BOT will be the leading of financing mode in this moment.Finally, consummate advices are brought forward aiming at actuality of sewage treatment in our country.This article provide a theoretical guidance for Financing options and strategies of urban wastewater treatment.%首先对我国城市污水处理现状进行了概述,指出了现行融资模式存在的问题,然后对5种融资模式的背景、发展现状和优缺点进行了分析,提炼出影响模式选择的重要因素,并利用AHP分析方法对5种模式进行决策,分析出BOT成为现阶段融资模式的主导.最后,针对我国城市污水处理业的现状,提出了完善的建议.本文为我国城市污水处理融资模式选择和策略提供了理论指导.

  16. 利用层次分析法和模糊逻辑的信任多径 OLSR 路由协议%TRUST-BASED MULTIPATH OLSR ROUTING PROTOCOL USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS AND FUZZY LOGIC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张香芸; 王彩芬

    2015-01-01

    由于网络拓扑的开放性和缺乏集中管理,移动 Ad hoc 网络容易遭受恶意节点的攻击。借助层次分析法和模糊逻辑规则预测方法,建立一种信任管理模型,并在多径 OLSR 路由协议的基础上提出基于信任的多径路由协议 TMP-OLSR。该协议可以剔除恶意节点以获得从源节点到目的节点可靠路径。仿真结果表明:和 MP-OLSR 协议相比,TMP-OLSR 协议能够有效地检测恶意节点,降低丢包率,提高网络吞吐量。%Owning to the openness of network topology and the absence of centralised administration,mobile Ad hoc network is vulnerable to attacks from malicious nodes.We build a trust management model by using analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy logic rules prediction method.Based on the multipath OLSR,we propose a new trust-based multipath routing protocol—TMP-OLSR.It can eliminate the malicious nodes in order to obtain a reliable path between source node and the destination node.Simulation result shows that compared with MP-OLSR protocol,TMP-OLSR can effectively detect the malicious nodes,decrease packet drop ratio and increase network throughput.

  17. Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process of Cement Production Projects Overseas Staff Safety Quality Assessment%基于层次分析法的海外水泥生产项目员工安全素质评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚腾; 孙祺

    2013-01-01

    Improve the index selection of the safety quality evaluation of the staff for overseas cement production projects is a complicated multi-objective selection problem,this paper uses analytic hierarchy process(AHP)to study the influence factors of overseas staff safety quality,overseas staff safety quality evaluation system is established. Select 7 overseas staff safety quality evaluation system of the main indicators,as a rule layer,and under which set up the index of 34 points,better improve the employee's safety quality evaluation system. After analysis to calculate the weight of each evaluation index,improved priorities of overseas staff safety quality index selection,and improvement measures are put forward.%改进海外水泥生产项目员工安全素质评估指标的选取是一个复杂的多目标选择问题,本文运用层次分析法研究了海外员工安全素质的影响因素,建立了海外员工安全素质评估体系。选取7个海外员工安全素质评估系统的主要指标,作为准则层,并在其下设置了34个分指标,更好地完善了海外员工安全素质的评估体系。分析计算出各个评估指标的权值后,得到改进海外员工安全素质指标选取的优先次序,并提出了改进措施。

  18. Animation specialty benefit evaluation based on data envelopment analysis and analytic hierarchy process%基于数据包络及层次分析法的动画专业效益评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪江; 赵婷婷; 张文强; 夏君铁

    2013-01-01

      针对高校动画专业的具体特点,对高校动画专业的办学效益进行了评价。详细分析数据包络分析模型以及层次分析法的基本原理,将锥比率数据包络分析模型与层次分析法相结合,采用双重权值计算方法,对动画专业效益进行评价;具体应用实例进行验证,确定出高校的28项评估指标,得出各高校动画专业效益的优劣排序;并且与其他模型进行比较与分析。实验结果表明:该方法比单纯用锥比率得出的权值更准确可靠,符合实际要求。%  Considering the specific characteristics of the college animation specialty, this study evaluated the benefit of running schools with an animation specialty. The evaluation is based on detailed analysis of the basic principles of data envelopment analysis model and the Analytic Hierarchy Process. This study further combined the Cone ratio data envelopment analysis model with AHP, and utilized the double weight calculation method. The study verified the evaluation with specific application examples, determined the 28 assessment indicators, ranked the benefit of animation specialty for each college, and compared with other models. The experimental results show that this method is more accurate and reliable than that of simply using the cone ratio method in deriving the weights, which is in line with the actual requirements.

  19. 基于GIS的AHP法在后勤配置地域辅助决策中的应用%Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process Based on GIS Assisting Decision-making in the Logistical Disposition Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杭振兴; 徐祖武; 曹恕; 孙朋朋

    2011-01-01

    Logistical disposition area selection is an important part of logistical disposition. It will affect the quality of logistics support and the result of the war directly on logistical disposition area been selected reasonably or not. With the logistical disposition area selected principle, it firstly analyzes the influence factors of logistical disposition area selection in this paper. Then the paper evaluates the logistical disposition area selected comprehensively by combining with GIS (Geographic Information System) and Analytic Hierarchy Process, analyzing quantitatively the geographical environment factor, and constructing the comprehensive index system and model. Finally it brings forward some methods and suggestions on using computer to assist decision-making. In this Paper, index system, model and method which were demonstrated and tested by examples is feasible, and it will be the theoretical basis for the research and development for the related projects.%后勤配置地域选定合理与否,将直接影响后勤保障的质量,影响作战结局.根据后勤配置地域选定的原则,分析了后勤配置地域选定影响因素,结合地理信息系统( GIS)与层次分析法,对其中地理环境要素进行量化分析,构建指标体系和模型,对后勤配置地域选定进行综合评估,最后提出运用计算机进行辅助决策的方法和思路.文中指标体系、模型和方法,经初步论证和实例检验是可行的,为相关项目的研发提供一定的理论依据.

  20. Wuhan human settlement environment quality evaluation based on the analytical hierarchy process%基于层次分析法的武汉市人居环境质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萌; 赵锦慧

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theoretical study of domestic and international ,and combined with Wuhan local conditions,We established quality evaluation system by the analytic hierarchy process,analyzing the Wuhan human settlement environment from four aspects:social,ecological,residential and support. Wuhan human settlement environment has gone through two stages,from a period of slow and steady development in 2000 2007 to rapid development during 2007 2011.The ecological subsystem of four subsystem developed very slowly in 2007 2011,while restricting the development of Wuhan human settlement environment. So we should attach great importance to protect the ecological environment to achieve the sustainable human settlement environment of Wuhan.%根据国内外城市人居环境研究理论,结合武汉市的实际情况,运用层次分析法,建立3级评价指标体系,并从社会、生态、居住、支撑等4个方面对武汉人居环境质量进行评价.结果显示武汉市城市人居环境在20002007年为缓慢而稳定发展时期,20072011年武汉市城市人居环境为高速发展时期,但20072011年期间4个子系统中的生态子系统发展相对缓慢,制约武汉市人居环境发展,说明必须注重生态环境的保护和改善,实现武汉市人居环境的和谐发展.①

  1. The Suitability Zoning Division for Groundwater Source Heat Pump Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process in Qinhuangdao%基于层次分析法的秦皇岛地下水源热泵适宜性区划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    回广荣

    2015-01-01

    The shallow geothermal energy is a new type of clean energy. The paper makes suitability zoning for groundwa-ter source heat pump in Qinhuangdao by Analytic Hierarchy Process, to provide the basis for exploitation and utilization plan-ning of shallow geothermal energy. It introduces the steps and methods of determining the weights by AHP, and establishes the evaluation index system about suitability zoning of groundwater source heat pump. At last, the comprehensive evaluation index method is used to evaluate the suitability. The evaluation results indicate that the less suitable area 114. 67 km2,accounting for 19% of the study area, and the unsuitable area 304. 09 km2,accounted for 50. 4%.%浅层地温能是一种新型清洁能源,采用层次分析法在秦皇岛进行地下水地源热泵适宜性区划,为浅层地温能开发利用规划提供依据. 讨论层次分析法确定权重的步骤和方法,针对地下水地源热泵适宜性区划指标体系的建立和指标量化,利用综合评价指数法将本区分为地下水地源热泵较适宜区和不适宜区. 较适宜区面积114. 67 km2,占研究区19%,不适宜区分布面积304. 09 km2,占研究区50. 4%.

  2. Research on index system of sports activities′ organizational abilities based on analytic hierarchy process%基于层次分析法构建体育活动组织能力指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡柏平; 宋伟

    2011-01-01

    Based on experimentations and applied the analytic hierarchy process the index system of sports activities' organizational abilities is divided into target level,accuracy level and index level.Analysis software Yaahp is put into use for data statistics and results are obtained in the editing hierarchical structure models,the judgment matrix of various hierarch and consistency testing are built up.The results shno that physical education ability,basic ability and sports practice ability are the key ingredients in the whole index system,Followed by establishment of I-level and II-level evaluation index weighing,a corresponding model of the whole index system is set up.%以实验调查为依据,运用层次分析法,将体育活动组织能力相关指标划分为目标层、准则层和分准则层3个层次.采用Yaahp分析软件做数据统计,依次编辑层次结构模型,构建各层次的判断矩阵和一致性检验.结果表明:体育教育能力、基础能力、体育实践能力是指标体系的核心内容,据此确定了指标体系中的一级指标、二级指标权重,从而构建了指标体系的模型.

  3. Water quality risk assessment based on analytic hierarchy process and gray analysis method%基于层次分析和灰色分析的水质风险评价方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春荣; 纪淑娟; 朱红梅

    2011-01-01

    给出一种基于层次分析和灰色分析的水质风险评价方法:用层次分析法计算水质评价因子权重,用带权重的灰色分析法评价多因素影响下的纯净水水质.结果表明,用层次分析法为评价因子赋权能够全面考虑各评价因子对水质影响的不同;用灰色分析法计算纯净水的风险度值和风险级别,考虑了水质评价中的模糊性和不确定性,比较符合纯净水水质评价的实际情况.%A water quality risk assessment method based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and the gray analysis method was proposed. In the model, the AHP method was used to calculate the weights of the assessment factors, and the gray analysis method was used to assess the quality of pure water under the influence of various factors based on the weights. The results showed that the use of AHP method in computing the weights of assessment factors can offer a comprehensive consideration of different affects of various factors on water quality. Besides, the gray analysis method in calculating the risk value and risk category of pure water quality considered the vague and uncertain factors, and met the real situation of pure water quality assessment.

  4. Research on the Logistics Business Outsourcing Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的物流业务外包的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党文峰; 王忠伟

    2014-01-01

    随着世界经济的快速发展和经济全球化的浪潮,21世纪的市场竞争已经由企业间的竞争转变成为供应链之间的竞争。越来越多的企业管理人员接受了供应链管理这种概念,并在实践中受益匪浅。物流业务外包已成为供应链竞争中日趋明显趋势,对大多数选择将物流业务外包的企业而言,外包供应商选择是企业物流业务外包成败的关键环节。层次分析法可为企业选择合适的外包供应商提供定量分析依据,也可使外包供应商在提高自身竞争力上找准关键点。%With the rapid development of the world economy and the tide of economic globalization,in the 21st century, market competition is switching from the competition between the enterprises into the competition between supply chains.More and more enterprise managers began to accept the concept of the supply chain management,and get a lot benefit in practice.For most enterprises,the choice of the logistics business outsourcing suppliers is the key to determining success on logistics business outsourcing.We find that the analytic hierarchy process can provide evidence for quantitative decision to choose proper outsourcing suppliers and help the outsourcing suppliers orientate the key point when increasing its own competitiveness.

  5. Analitik Hiyerarşi Prosesi Yaklaşımı Kullanılarak Mobilya Sektörü İçin Ege Bölgesi’nde Hedef Pazarın Belirlenmesi(Determination of Target Market in Aegean Region for Furniture Sector by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process)

    OpenAIRE

    TOKSARI, Murat

    2007-01-01

    Businesses have to choose their target markets according to their goals, no matter in which sector they operate. In this study, analytical hierarchy process (AHP), which is an approach making businesses able to choose the best way in all situations by evaluating all strategies for choosing target markets, is used in order to determine target market . AHP is a method, which makes us to be able to determine the superiority of that will be used to choose by systematically comparing and evaluatin...

  6. Environmental Suitability for Camping Tourism in Langxiang Nature Reserve Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法的朗乡自然保护区露营旅游环境适宜度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁维; 张杰; 周波; 王爱红; 于雷; 马珂馨

    2015-01-01

    的可操作性和推广价值。%Objective]A comprehensive evaluation on environmental suitability for camping tourism in nature reserve was conducted to fully and accurately understand the potential of resources for developing camping tourism,in order to provide scientific basis for decision making on deployment,construction scale and resource protection of ecotourism projects in nature reserve. [Method]An evaluation index system was constructed with resource conditions for camping tourism, traffic conditions and social environment conditions of Langxiang Provincal Nature Reserve as project analytic hierarchies. The weights for index components were determined based on analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and Delphi method. The index components were scored based on corresponding national standards ( GB ) and industry standards. A comprehensive mathematical model was constructed for environmental suitability of camping tourism. Criteria for grading environmental suitability of camping tourism in nature reserve was developed and used to evaluate the environmental suitability of camping tourism in Langxiang Provincial Nature Reserve.[Result]In the project hierarchies,the camping tourism resource conditions (B1) obtained the highest weight value of 0. 456 7,while the social environment conditions (B3) had the lowest weight value of 0. 223 7; Through the comprehensive evaluation,the total score of environmental suitability of camping tourism in Langxiang Provincial Nature Reserve was 76. 722 4,falling into grade IV. This result indicated that the suitability of camping tourism in this Nature Reserve was at a high level. Among the evaluation factors,camping tourism resource conditions ( B1 ) and traffic conditions ( B2 ) were given high scores,36. 613 7 and 26. 910 4 respectively. Social environment conditions (B3) was given a lower score (13. 198 3). The camping tourism resource conditions (B1) was the best in both weight and score,followed by the traffic conditions (B2

  7. 基于层次分析法的教学管理评价指标构建与应用%The Construction and Application of Teaching Management Evaluation Index Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫小泉; 何家文; 何月霓

    2016-01-01

    教学管理评价是对高校教学管理水平的一种客观评价,对于高校加强教学管理,规范教学过程,提高教学效果、教育质量和办学效益等具有非常重要的作用。现行高校教学管理评价工作主观性较强,指标的选取以及指标权重的设定缺乏科学性。本文以量化考核为目标,通过引入平衡计分卡理念,建立以客户、内部流程、学习与成长、财务四个维度教学管理评价体系,然后利用层次分析法对该教学管理评价体系各指标进行综合计算,得出各指标的权重值。%Teaching management assessment is an obj ective evaluation of the level of teaching management of colleges and univer-sities,strengthening the teaching management and standardize the process of teaching,improve teaching effectiveness,quality and efficiency of education and so has a very important role.Current management evaluation work is subj ectivity,as well as se-lect index weight set indicators unscientific.In this paper,quantitative assessment as the goal,through the introduction of the Balanced Scorecard concept,and establish a customer,internal processes,learning and growth,financial management of the four dimensions of teaching evaluation system,and then use the analytic hierarchy process each index comprehensive evaluation system of teaching management calculated to arrive at the weight value of each index.

  8. 基于层次灰色关联分析的舱室内环境HRA评价%HRA evaluation of interior environmental of cabin based on analytic hierarchy process and grey correlation analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓丽; 陈波; 余隋怀

    2016-01-01

    Cabin is the working space for operators to control and perform task, the internal environment directly affects the operators'working status and work efficiency. In order to conduct HRA(Human Reliability Analysis)in the cabin design which needs high security requirement, on the basis of ergonomics and cognitive psychology, the main factors influencing the efficiency of human-machine interaction and the reasons of cognitive mistakes are analyzed, comprehensive cognitive model of human-machine interaction is established, and the CPC(Common Performance Condition)evaluation factors are improved, and analytic hierarchy process is used to calculate their weights. Using grey correlation analysis, the CREAM(Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method)method is improved, the cognitive failure probability is calcu-lated, and the quantitative evaluation of human reliability in the cabin environment is realized. Finally, the evaluation sys-tem is designed and constructed, decision making process became digital, and the evaluation of drilling rig driller control room design scheme is used as an example for validation.%舱室是操作者操纵和执行任务的工作空间,其内环境直接影响到操作者的工作状态和工作效率.为了在安全性要求较高的舱室设计中进行HRA(Human Reliability Analysis)分析,以人机工程学和认知心理学为基础,分析了影响人机交互效率的主要因素和认知失误原因,建立了人机交互综合认知模型,在此基础上改进了CPC(Common Performance Condition)评价因子,并采用层次分析法确定其权重.运用灰色关联分析改进CREAM(Cognitive Reli-ability and Error Analysis Method)方法计算出认知失误概率,实现了舱室内环境人因可靠性的定量评价.最后设计并编制了评价系统,使得评价决策过程数字化,并以石油钻机司钻控制室设计方案评价为例作为验证.

  9. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in the Computer Teaching Quality Evaluation of Independent College%层次分析法在独立学院计算机教学质量评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建华; 韩智慧; 姚玉霞

    2011-01-01

    独立学院的发展有其自身的特点,加强对教师教学质量考核是提高计算机学院教学质量的重要举措。提出了层次分析法(AHP)的教师教学质量评价体系和多级评价模型,根据AHP方法建立决策递阶层次结构,通过合成层次总权重来构筑多层次决策模型,从而对独立学院教师的教学质量评价更具合理性。%Independent college's development has the characteristics of its own,and strengthening of the teachers' teaching quality assessment is the important strategy of enhancing the quality of the teaching in the computer college.In this paper,the teachers teaching quality evaluation system and multilevel evaluation model by analytic hierarchy process(AHP) were proposed,and according to the AHP method,decision-making hierarchical structure was established,and through the synthesis of hierarchy total weight,building multi-level decision-making model of independent institute,and the teaching quality evaluation is more rational.

  10. 基于层次分析法的页岩气产业风险评价探讨%Discussion on Risk Evaluation of Shale Gas Industry Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭庆勇; 王凤; 史惠堂

    2015-01-01

    中国页岩气产业发展存在着诸多影响因素和风险问题,页岩气赋存地质条件复杂、储量评价体系不完善、勘探开发核心技术不成熟、巨额投资风险大、经济效益不乐观、配套设备落后、基础设施不健全、生态环保压力严峻等诸多风险影响因素构成了页岩气产业发展的风险网络。在兼顾定性分析的科学性和定量分析的准确性的基础上,利用层次分析法对页岩气产业风险评价体系进行了深入的分析研究,构建了页岩气产业发展风险评价的层次结构数学模型,并结合风险评价指标权重分配,对中国页岩气产业发展风险因素进行了系统评估,为推进页岩气产业健康发展提出风险应对措施。%Many influence factors and risks exist in the development of shale gas industry in China,including the complicated geologic conditions of the shale gas occurrence, imperfect evaluation system for shale gas reserves, immature key technology for exploration and development of shale gas, huge investment risks, poor economic benefits, backward equipment, imperfect infrastructures and severe ecological and environmental protection pressure, all of these constitute a risk network affecting the development of the shale gas industry. Based on both the science of qualitative analysis and the accuracy of quantitative analysis, deep analysis and study were made on the risk evaluation system of the shale gas industry by using the analytic hierarchy process, a mathematic model of hierarchicalstructure for risk evaluation of the shale gas industry was established, and systematical evaluation was carried out on the risk factors affecting China’ s shale gas industry development,this thus put forward the risk countermeasures for promoting the healthy development of the shale gas industry.

  11. 基于层次分析的电力系统暂态模型评价方法%An Analytic Hierarchy Process Based Assessment Method for Power System Transient Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 薛永端; 徐丙垠; 高厚磊; 孙波

    2013-01-01

      现有模型误差分析方法准确度低,借鉴层次分析法的思想,提出一种电力系统暂态模型评价方法。该评价方法以暂态响应中各正弦分量的幅值、频率、相位和衰减因子作为评价指标,对暂态响应中各正弦分量的模拟准确度进行评价,然后通过各正弦分量评价结果的线性加权实现电力系统暂态模型的总体评价。最后利用仿真验证了该评价方法的正确性与可行性。该方法合理地利用了暂态信号由若干正弦信号相互叠加的特点,更适用于电力系统暂态分析,且该方法采用定性与定量相结合的方式确定各指标的相对权重,在保证了评价方法客观性的同时提高了该方法的适用性。%Referring to the thought of analytic hierarchy process (AHP), a new method to assess power system transient models is proposed to remedy the defect of low accuracy in existing methods for model error analysis. Taking the amplitudes, frequencies, phases and attenuation factors of sinusoidal components in the transient response as assessment indices, the proposed method assesses the simulation accuracies of sinusoidal components in transient response, and through linear weighting of assessed results of sinusoidal components the overall assessment of power system transient model is implemented. The feasibility and validity of the proposed method are verified by simulation results. In the proposed method the feature that transient signal is composed of superposed sinusoidal signals is reasonably utilized, so it is more suitable to power system transient analysis and in this method the relative weights of indices are determined by AHP, the applicability of the proposed method is improved while the objectivity of the assessment method is ensured.

  12. Supplier Selection within the Process of Analytical Hierarchy in a Business Bir Üretim İşletmesinde Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci İle Tedarikçi Seçimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kezban KAPAR

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Supplier selection is one of the most critical activities in today's competitive businessworld. Selecting the supplier is a very difficult task to carry out. For determining the bestsupplier selection while assessing all the cases to choose the best approach, the AnalyticalHierarchy Process (AHP is used.AHP is a method used for systematic comparison, evaluation and selection of theoptions via determining the strengths and weaknesses of options. In this study, AHP methodwas utilized in the supplier selection and Expert Choice 11.5 was used while utilizing AHPmethod. The suppliers' superiorities were determined by Expert Choice and they werecompared systematically.Tedarikçi seçimi, günümüz rekabetçi iş dünyasında en kritik faaliyetlerden biridir. Birtedarikçi seçiminde en iyi olanı seçmek zor bir iştir. En iyi tedarikçi seçiminin belirlenmesiiçin çok amaçlı karar verme tekniklerinden birisi olan ve alternatif tedarikçilerdeğerlendirilerek bütün durumlar içinden en iyi olanı seçebilen Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci(AHS, tedarikçi seçiminde yaygın olarak kullanılan bir yöntemdir.AHS, seçim aşamasında seçeneklerin üstünlüklerinin belirlenmesi ve sistematik olarakkarşılaştırılıp değerlendirilmesini sağlayan bir yöntemdir. Bu çalışmada, bir işletmenintedarikçi seçiminde AHS yönteminden yararlanılmış ve AHS yönteminin kullanılmasındaExpert Choice 11.5 programı kullanılmıştır. Expert Choice ile tedarikçilerin üstünlükleribelirlenmiştir ve sistematik olarak karşılaştırılmıştır.

  13. Method of cloud service evaluation based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process%基于模糊层次分析法的云服务评估方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卫卫; 李涛; 李志刚; 刘钊

    2016-01-01

    Because natural language in traditional assessment methods is difficult to quantify,a cloud service evaluation method based on fuzzy mathematics and analytic hierarchy process(AHP)was put forward.Ac-cording to the service level agreement(SLA)of cloud service and users'feedback,a cloud service evaluation model was conducted considering the non-functional quality of service(QoS):cost,capacity,service,repu-tation,and security.The method used triangular fuzzy number of fuzzy math to quantify natural language data,and then used quality of service information which is the mixed data description of real number, boolean and language type to comprehensively evaluate the cloud service.Finally,the operability of the method was verified.The result shows that this method can evaluate the cloud service by qualitative and quantitative properties of indicators.%针对传统评估方法中自然语言难以定量的问题,提出了基于模糊数学和层次分析法的云服务评估方法。根据云服务的服务等级协议和用户反馈,构建了以服务费用、性能、服务协议、声誉、安全性为评价指标的云服务非功能服务质量(QoS)评价体系,利用模糊数学中的三角模糊数量化自然语言类型的评价,以实数、布尔类型和自然语言型3种异构数据描述的 QoS 信息对云服务进行综合评估。通过实例验证了该方法的可操作性,得到了参与实验云服务的测评得分矩阵。结果表明,该方法能够通过定性和定量的属性指标建立对云服务的判断,是对云服务质量的一个全方位的量化评价。

  14. Evaluation method of developers in Github based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process%基于模糊层次分析法的社交编程网站开发者评估方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李家豪; 刘婧; 吴泽群; 何璐璐

    2016-01-01

    Social coding site Github is a popular online distributed version control system and has rapidly developed in recent years.As Github has no measurement model of the developers’ability,how to choose appropriate developers to join the col-laborators become a problem to be solved.By constructing measurement model of the developers’ability to quantify the ability of developers,this paper used fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP)to evaluate the specific measurement model of devel-opers,and accorded to the quantitative evaluation value to choose appropriate developers to join the collaborators.Through a case study shows that how to evaluate developers and how to choose appropriate developers by using the method,and to provide support for the recruitment of collaborators of Github projects.%社交编程网站(Github)是一种较为流行的分布式版本控制系统,近年来得到了快速的发展,而 Github中没有对开发者能力构建度量模型,使得如何从众多开发者中选择合适的开发者加入到核心开发者之中成为一个有待解决的问题。为处理此问题,通过构建开发者度量模型,对开发者能力具体量化,同时使用模糊层次分析法对开发者度量模型进行评估,从而根据量化评估值选择合适的开发者加入到核心开发者之中。通过实例分析说明该方法如何评估开发者并选择合适的开发者,从而为 Github 项目社区招募核心开发者提供支持。

  15. 基于层次分析法的域名系统安全状况评估%Measuring the Health of Domain Name System Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹凌晓; 延志伟; 毛伟

    2013-01-01

    Domain Name System (DNS) is the foundation of modern cyber-world. Recently, the attacks that taken advantage of the weaknesses of DNS posed serious problems on DNS health and security. Measuring the health and security is signiifcantly important. A ifrst ofifcial discussion on indexes to measure DNS SSR is contained in the report of the 2nd Symposium on DNS SSR. The meeting proposed ifve key indexes to determine if the DNS is healthy. The MeNSa (Measuring the Naming System) project proposed a framework to quantify the key indexes of DNS health and security and deifned of a set of health and security metrics. However, how to decide the weights of the metrics is an unsolved key issue for the DNS security evaluation. In this paper, we propose an AHP based scheme to calculate the weights and present the corresponding experimental results.%域名系统是互联网基础信息设施中的重要组成部分。但是,近年来利用域名系统的脆弱环节来进行攻击的事件层出不穷。因此,准确评估域名系统的运行情况和安全状况对互联网的安全保护工作至关重要。第二届关于DNS (Domain Name System)安全性、稳定性和弹性的讨论会报告已经指出了DNS健康的一些关键指标。在此基础上,MeNSa (Measuring the Naming System)项目又对这些指标进行了补充,并且提出了得到 DNS健康指标的评估框架,但是他们没有给出通过监控项的值计算健康指标的可行权重设置算法。因此本文提出了使用AHP算法(Analytic Hierarchy Process)来设置健康指标的权重,通过实验验证发现该算法很好的试用于该应用,并且当监控项增加时算法仍有效,具有良好的扩展性。

  16. 上海市松江区家庭农场的环境影响因素研究%Research on Environmental Inlfuence Factors of Family Farm in Songjiang District, Shanghai Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏; 平瑛; 徐洁

    2015-01-01

    First, Built the environment inlfuence factors analysis model of family farm based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and PEST theory, and calculated the weight of each factor. Then, Construct the evaluation method of influence factors of family farm by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. Finally, use the results of the survey on family farm in Songjiang district, Shanghai to give an empirical analysis. Research shows that social factors and technological factors played an more important role in the development of family farm in Songjiang district, Shanghai, political factors and economic factors are following. According to the results we can find that improving the social service system, enhancing the efficiency of land circulation, rising the technical level, constructing infrastructure, improving the environment of financing are most important and effective ways to cultivate family farm in Songjiang district, Shanghai.%首先运用层次分析法和PEST理论构建出家庭农场环境因素的分析模型并计算出各层因素的权重,然后结合模糊综合评价法推理出家庭农场环境因素的测定方法,最后根据对上海市松江区家庭的调查结果进行实证分析。研究表明:上海市松江区家庭农场的环境影响因素中社会环境因素和技术环境因素在其发展的过程中起着很大的作用,政治环境因素和经济环境因素其次。根据结果分析可知:上海市松江区家庭农场的培育应从社会化服务体系的完善、土地流转效率的提高、技术水平的改进、基础设施的建设、融资环境的改善这五个方面入手。

  17. Outpatient treatment capacity of hospital ship in overseas medical service:analysis with analytic hierarchy process%医院船海外医疗服务门诊救治能力分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵嘉华; 朱敏; 钱阳明; 孙强; 田丽丽

    2015-01-01

    目的:结合以往任务经验,分析医院船海外医疗服务门诊救治能力的关键因素,寻找提高医院船整体救治能力的对策。方法通过现场调研、文献回顾和专家咨询确定评价体系模型,运用层次分析法绘制模型并计算各指标权重。结果本研究中各判断矩阵具有高度一致性,并获得了可接受、符合逻辑的评价指标权重值。结论本研究对医院船海外医疗服务门诊救治中存在问题提出了优化方案,为进一步提高医院船整体救治能力奠定了基础。%In order to investigate the key factors influencing the capacity of rescue and treatment for out-patients abroad during overseas medical service, Delphi method was used to consult 37 experts from military medical university, navy health administration, navy hospital, and hospital ship medical center. The data thus collected was analyzed by the analytic hierarchy process. In the first level indices, there is no significant difference among the weight values of equipment, facility, and peresonnel, showing that they are equally important. In the second level indices, the weight values of component of personnel and area of specific professional room are important influential factors of rescue and treatment capacity of the hospital ship. In the third level indices the triage personnel and triage computer terminal have the highest weight velues, thus directly influencing the effects of management of the patients. In the health personnel the highest weigh values are possessed by physician, nurse, and technician, and medics shows a low weight value.

  18. Master of Law Degree Thesis Comprehensive Evaluation Method and Application Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于AHP的法学硕士学位论文综合评价方法及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2012-01-01

    According to the problems of standard determining weight one-sided, the expert decision-making fuzzy and evaluation index uncertainty in master of law degree paper evaluation method at present. In order to solve these problems, this paper presents master of law degree paper comprehensive evaluation method and application based on analytic hierarchy process. Firstly, the introduction of AHP optimization model of group decision and fuzzy decision into master of law degree paper evaluation, it could make sure all levels of index weight. Secondly, it got the comprehensive fuzzy results of master of law degree paper qualitatively through the fuzzy operator to assemble. Finally, this arithmetic got quantitative score of the degree paper based on qualitative results. The experimental results showed, this comprehensive evaluation method not only could evaluate master of law degree paper effectively, but also qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis were adopted in the results.%针对目前法学硕士学位论文评价方法中存在的准则权重确定片面性、专家决策模糊性和评价指标不确定性问题,提出了基于AHP的法学硕士学位论文综合评价方法.该方法首先将群体决策和模糊决策的AHP优化模型引入法学硕士学位论文的评价中,以确定各个层次的指标权重.然后,通过模糊算子加以集结,得到了定性的法学硕士学位论文综合模糊评价结果,最终基于定性结果得出了论文的定量评价分值.实验表明:该综合评价方法不仅能够对法学硕士学位论文进行有效地评价,而且对得到的评价结果能够进行定性与定量相结合的分析.

  19. 模糊层次分析法在海缆安全评估中的应用%Application of fuzzy analytical hierarchy process in submarine cable safety assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周媛媛; 周学军; 田培根; 左名久; 舒畅; 乔小瑞

    2014-01-01

    针对目前海缆安全评估的片面性和主观性,基于模糊层次分析法提出了一种新的海缆安全评估方法,建立了海缆安全评估的递阶层次模型,构建了以上层目标为准则的两两比较模糊互补判断矩阵,并对其进行改造得到了模糊一致性矩阵,然后计算各因素的相对权重和综合权重。在此基础上,根据权重对各安全因素的重要性进行了排序,得到不同因素对于海缆安全的影响程度。分析结果可为海缆安全管理和维护决策提供参考依据,实例也验证了该方法的可行性。%Considering the one-sidedness and subjectivity of the existing safety assessment methods of submarine cable ,this paper has proposed a new safety assessment method of submarine cable based on fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) ,established a hierarchical model for safety assessment and constructed a fuzzy complementary judgemental matrix by pairwise comparing the elements w hich are subject to the upper target level .And the matrix is transformed into a fuzzy consistency matrix to cal-culate the relative weights and synthetical weights of every factor .On this basis ,the factors can be reordered according to the weights so as to determine the impact of each factor on the safety of subma-rine cables .The conclusion from analysis can offer a reference for the safety management and main-tenance of submarine cables .T he practical example used has verified the feasibility of this method .

  20. A Novel Environmental Performance Evaluation of Thailand’s Food Industry Using Structural Equation Modeling and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Anirut Pipatprapa; Hsiang-Hsi Huang; Ching-Hsu Huang

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the environment and sustainability are important topics for every industry. The food industry is particularly complicated in this regard because of the dynamic and complex character of food products and their production. This study uses structural equation modeling (SEM) and a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) to investigate which factors are suitable for evaluating the environmental performance of Thailand’s food industry. A first-stage questionnaire survey was conducted wit...

  1. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process for Uranium Deposits Prediction in North Tarim Basin%层次分析法在塔里木盆地北缘铀成矿预测中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永军; 李名松; 马密堂; 汪冰

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the the application of AHP(analytic hierarchy process) in the prediction of uranium deposits in north Tarim Basin. Based on the results of metallogenetic analysis and minerealization information, AHP decentralizes slave relation of correlative geographical factors for the research object by using spatial classification and spatial analysis. By integrating all opinions from experts, th AHP is thus realized upon geographical model. The steps of AHP include: 1) determination of investigative objects and targets,and necessary data for the analysis; 2) analysis of data so as to create the geodatabase; 3) summarization of correlative features of the investigative objects for the targets to establish the hierarchical model, and 4) extraction of analytic factors by using spatial analysis. Then, experts are invited to grade the factors synthetically, and GIS techniques and mathematical methods are adopted in the integrative analysis to ensure parameters of the model and set up a digital prediction model of ore deposits. This model is applied to calculate and evaluate the favorable minerationa degrees of 7 prospecting prediction cells. The known ore bodies and engineering testing and verification results indicate that the AHP can be well applied to grading and evaluating metallogenetic prediction cells in uranium deposits.%通过对塔里木盆地北缘铀矿成矿规律的研究,利用找矿分析成果和多元找矿信息,运用层次分析法对研究目标相关地学因素的隶属关系进行了划分,并综合专家的意见,对地学模型进行了层次分析,综合分析的步骤包括:确定研究对象及目标,确定分析所需要的数据;对数据进行分析整理,建立地学数据库;总结研究对象构成目标的相关特征,建立层次指标模型,并运用空间分析提取分析因子;由专家对因子进行综合评分,再运用GIS技术和数学方法进行综合分析,确定模型参数,建立矿床定位预测模型,并

  2. Know Your Place: Neural Processing of Social Hierarchy in Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zink, Caroline F.; Tong, Yunxia; Chen, Qiang; Bassett, Danielle S.; Stein, Jason L.; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Summary Social hierarchies guide behavior in many species, including humans, where status also has an enormous impact on motivation and health. However, little is known about the underlying neural representation of social hierarchies in humans. In the present study, we identify dissociable neural responses to perceived social rank using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in an interactive simulated social context. In both stable and unstable social hierarchies, viewing a superior individual differentially engaged perceptual-attentional, saliency, and cognitive systems, notably dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In the unstable hierarchy setting, additional regions were recruited related to emotional processing (amygdala), social cognition (medial prefrontal cortex), and behavioral readiness. Furthermore, social hierarchical consequences of performance were neurally dissociable and of comparable salience to monetary reward, providing a neural basis for the high motivational value of status. Our results identify neural mechanisms that may mediate the enormous influence of social status on human behavior and health. PMID:18439411

  3. 基于AHP和灰色关联分析法的爆破参数优化%Optimization of Blasting Parameters based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Correlation Analysis Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建华; 王琪; 黄其冲

    2014-01-01

    The effect of bench blasting influenced the mining overall benefit directly. Based on the poor blasting effect and the high cost of Huangmailing open-pit mine,the blasting effect evaluation model on analytic hierarchy process and grey correlation analysis method was established,including the boulder yield,the rate of roots,the coeffi-cient of loose,the distance of split,the blasting vibration,the distance of flying rocks and the specific charge. Five feasible blasting hole parameters as 5 m × 3. 5 m,5 m × 3. 7 m,5 m × 4 m,5. 5 m × 3. 5 m,5. 5 m × 3. 7 m were cho-sen in practical tests. The model was effective to evaluate the blasting effect and helpful to get the optimal blasting parameters with 5 m × 3. 7 m,bottom burden 3. 7 m and specific charge 0. 92 kg/m3 . The optimal blasting parameters of the soft and hard waste rock was 5. 5 m × 3. 8 m,bottom burden 3. 8m and specific charge 0. 81 kg/m3 . The opti-mized blasting parameters improved the blasting effect of Huangmailing open-pit mine effectively and reduced the production cost greatly.%台阶爆破的效果直接影响矿山整体效益。针对黄麦岭露天矿现阶段爆破生产效果不佳,成本偏高的情况,以大块率、根底率、松散系数、后裂距离、爆破振动、飞石距离、炸药单耗为评价指标,建立了基于层次分析法和灰色关联分析法的爆破效果评价模型。对于矿石选择了孔网参数为5 m ×3.5 m,5 m ×3.7 m,5 m ×4 m,5.5 m ×3.5 m,5.5 m ×3.7 m五种可行的方案进行了爆破试验,采用评价模型有效的进行了爆破效果评价。得出矿石的最优爆破参数为:孔网5 m ×3.7 m,底盘抵抗线3.7 m,单耗0.92 kg/m3。同理得出易爆、难爆废石的最优爆破参数分别为:孔网5.5 m ×3.8 m,底盘抵抗线3.8 m,单耗0.81 kg/m3;孔网5 m ×3.5 m,底盘抵抗线3.5 m,单耗0.97 kg/m3。优化后的爆破参数有效的改善了黄麦岭露天矿的爆破效果,大大降低了生产成本。

  4. 基于层次分析法的项目成本预算准确性影响因素分析%Influence Factors of Proj ect Cost Budget Accuracy Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟俊娜; 万生丹

    2014-01-01

    Proj ect cost budget is the foundation of determining the construction cost of unit proj ect and individual engineering.It is also the basis of bidding,signing a construction contract and pay-ing for the proj ect.Therefore,the accuracy of the proj ect cost budget directly affects the proj ect cost control.Through the literature review and questionnaire survey,the factors which have great impact on cost budget accuracy are selected to set up a comprehensive index system of influence factors on cost budget accuracy from the perspective of contractors,owners,designers and other external environment aspects.Then Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)is used to calculate the weight of the factors.The results show that factors in contractors are the most important ones that influence cost budget accuracy.What's more,procurement of inferior materials and re-doing are the most important indicators in the second index.Lastly,constructors should pay more atten-tion to the supervision management and control of key segments (maj or influencing factors of cost budget accuracy )so as to ensure proj ect cost within budget and realize profit maximization.%项目成本预算是确定单位工程和单项工程造价的依据,是投标、签订施工合同及银行拨付工程款的依据。因此,项目成本预算的准确性将直接影响项目后期的成本控制。通过文献浏览和问卷调查,选取对成本预算准确性影响较大的因素,从施工方、业主方、设计方、其他外部环境方面建立一套较为全面的成本预算准确性影响因素指标体系,运用层次分析法确定指标权重。一级指标中,施工方因素对成本预算准确性的影响最大,二级指标中采购劣质材料、导致返工对成本预算准确性的影响最大。建议施工方做好关键环节(对成本预算准确性影响较大的因素)的监督、管理和控制工作,确保成本控制在预算之内,实现利润最大化。

  5. Analitik Hiyerarşi Prosesi Yaklaşımı Kullanılarak Mobilya Sektörü İçin Ege Bölgesi’nde Hedef Pazarın Belirlenmesi(Determination of Target Market in Aegean Region for Furniture Sector by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat TOKSARI

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Businesses have to choose their target markets according to their goals, no matter in which sector they operate. In this study, analytical hierarchy process (AHP, which is an approach making businesses able to choose the best way in all situations by evaluating all strategies for choosing target markets, is used in order to determine target market . AHP is a method, which makes us to be able to determine the superiority of that will be used to choose by systematically comparing and evaluating them. In this study an application to choose market in Aegean Region for furniture sector using AHP method is carried out.

  6. An Analytic Hierarchy Model for Classification Algorithms Selection in Credit Risk Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gang Kou; Wenshuai Wu

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes an analytic hierarchy model (AHM) to evaluate classification algorithms for credit risk analysis. The proposed AHM consists of three stages: data mining stage, multicriteria decision making stage, and secondary mining stage. For verification, 2 public-domain credit datasets, 10 classification algorithms, and 10 performance criteria are used to test the proposed AHM in the experimental study. The results demonstrate that the proposed AHM is an efficient tool to select class...

  7. Site selection assessment of River drinking water resources based on analytic hierarchy process%基于层次分析法的河流型饮用水水源地选址评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜大仲; 孟宪林; 马放; 张建琪

    2011-01-01

    To effectively protect drinking water resources,a scientific assessment on site selection of River drinking water resources was carried out.Twenty-eight key factors including law,environmental quality,water resources assurance and environmental risk were selected,and based on analytic hierarchy process(AHP),a mathematical model of assessment system was established.The weight of factors was defined by the method of document data and expert questionnaire,and these weights were synthesized under single criterion.These influence factors were classified and quantized with laws,technical standards and statistical data.According to the calculation of factor scores and weights,the recommendations of site selection can be given.%为从源头对饮用水源地实施有效保护,对河流型饮用水源地选址合理性进行科学评估,从法律制约、环境质量、水资源保障和环境风险角度,选择28个关键影响因子构建水源地选址评价体系.基于层析分析法建立评价体系数学模型,采用文献分析和专家问卷调查相结合的方法确定各级影响因子的权重,并将单准则下的权重进行合成.依据法律法规、技术标准和统计数据对影响因子进行分级和分值量化.通过因子的分值和权重进行加权计算,可给出选址评估建议.

  8. 基于层次分析法的农民专业合作社运营绩效评价研究%The operational performance evaluation of farmer professional cooperative based on analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洁; 王厚俊; 祁春节; 陈新华

    2012-01-01

    从合作社的组织收益、社员收益、内部治理、发展潜力和社会影响等5个方面,构建了一个农民专业合作社的绩效评价指标体系;在采用层次分析法(Analytical hierarchy process,AHP)确定各个度量指标及其权重之后,运用该指标体系对江西赣州市40家样本合作社的绩效水平进行了综合排名和评价.结果表明,虽然合作社在组织和社员方面均具备一定的创收能力,但其内部治理结构尚不完善,总体绩效不高.从整体上看,合作社的未来发展潜力较强,前景较乐观.%A performance evaluation index system of farmer professional cooperative from the aspects of organizational benefits, membership benefits, internal governance, development potential and social impact was designed in this paper. After determined the weights of all indexes with subjectivity of AHP, the performance of the 40 sample cooperatives investigated in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province were ranked and evaluated by the performance evaluation index system. The results showed that the tarmer cooperative had a certain income-generating capacity in the aspect of both the organization itself and its members, but the internal governance structure was not perfect yet and the overall performance was in a medium or lowerlevel. Generally speaking, the tarmer cooperative was good at the future development.

  9. 层次分析法在运邮物流中心选址中的应用%The Logistics Center of Transportation and Postal Selected Location Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彦虎; 李佩坤

    2012-01-01

    采用层次分析法,根据邮政网络和运输网络各自的特点,从经济性、适应性、协调性和社会性4个方面出发,科学地分析运邮物流中心选址的各种影响因素,得出各因素对于运邮物流中心选址的重要性排序。应用层次分析法简化运邮物流中心的选址过程,具有一定适用性。%Hierarchy analysis process adopted,according to the characteristics of the postal network and the transport network,starting four aspects such as the economical,the adaptable,the coordinative,and the social,we scientifically analyze factors of the postal transport logistics center location and get the order of all the factors by the importance for the postal and email center.AHP are used to simplify the selection process of postal distribution center that has certain applicability.

  10. Establishment of Standard for Clinical Teachers in General Practice Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法全科临床师资标准的构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆媛; 王朝昕; 王明虹; 张斌; 杨华; 张含之; 陈倩; 祝墡珠; 于德华

    2016-01-01

    Objective To establish the standard for clinical teachers in general practice,in order to provide specific, standardized and objective references for the development of GP teaching staff team and promote the talent training for general practice. Methods We selected 4 experts from the relevant departments of Shanghai Health and Family Planning Committee,and 1 specialist who was in charge of GP teaching management in each of 4 medical colleges and universities in Shanghai;all together 8 people were enrolled. We enrolled 1 base director and 1 person in charge of teaching administrative department from each of 31 GP clinical training bases in Shanghai;all together 62 people were enrolled. And the above 70 subjects were enrolled as the GP education experts in the study. We also enrolled 150 GP clinical teachers and 93 students of standardized GP training from 31 GP clinical training bases,with all together 243 people enrolled. Based on analytic hierarchy process( AHP) and the research of relevant literature in China and abroad,consultation was conducted on the 8 experts from Shanghai Health and Family Planning Committee and medical colleges and universities in Shanghai,and primary indexes of the standard for GP clinical teachers were put forward;consultation was made on 70 GP education experts by focus group interview method,and three - level basic frame of the standard for GP clinical teachers was established. Questionnaire survey was conducted on 150 GP clinical teachers and 93 students of standardized GP training by letters,and Yaahp software was adopted to calculate and integrate the weight of each index. Results Based on the criteria and requirements of GP clinical teachers at three levels which are inclusion,training and assessment,3 primary indexes( the standard of teacher selection,the evaluation criterion of teaching ability and teacher evaluation criteria ),13 secondary indexes and 46 tertiary indexes were established, and the weight of each index was

  11. Slope Unit-based Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Stability Evaluation of Reservoir Bank%基于边坡单元的水库库岸稳定性层次分析与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许波; 谢谟文; 何兴东; 胡嫚

    2016-01-01

    [目的]分析影响孟底沟水库库岸稳定的影响因素,为水库库岸稳定性评价提供新思路。[方法]在工程地质条件分析及不良地质现象解译的基础上,运用边坡单元将各岸坡段划分为独立的研究对象,分析影响库岸稳定的诸多因素,把边坡单元的三维安全系数作为稳定性评价的基本指标,对影响边坡稳定的各因素采用层次分析法,建立基于边坡单元的库岸稳定性分段层次分析与评价方法。[结果]将该方法运用在工程实例中,结果表明其具有一定的可靠性和实用性。[结论]以边坡单元为研究对象,运用层次分析法可以有效地分析水库库岸的稳定性,为工程决策提供支持。%[Objective] To analyze the influence factors of the Mengdigou reservoir bank stability in order to provide new train of thought to evaluate the stability of reservoir bank .[Methods] On the basis of the analy‐sis of the engineering geological conditions and the interpretation of unfavorable geological phenomenon ,this paper classified the bank into different segments .Then using the principle of the slope unit ,we then taken these segments as independent research objects and analyzed the factors affecting the bank stability .And then we used three‐dimension factor safety of slope units as an index of the stability evaluation and used ana‐lytic hierarchy process (A HP) to analyze the factors affecting slope stability .Finally we established hierarchy analysis and evaluation methods for the stability of reservoir bank based on the slope unit .[Results] The method was tested in the engineering practice ,showing that the method is reliable and practical .[Conclusion ] Tanking the slope unit as the research object ,using the A HP can effectively analyze the stability of reservoir bank ,which can support the decision of project .

  12. Research on Information Behavior of Medical Personnel Based on The Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于层次分析法对医院医护人员信息行为的分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕雪华; 孟祥娟; 王蕾

    2012-01-01

    Correct and effective information behavior is the medical staff and the scientific research important guarantee,through correct and effective information behavior,health care professionals can understand this dynamic area of research and the trend of development,experience and inspiration.The application of analysis hierarchy process on the medical staff's information behavior analysis and model building,was designed to investigate the medical staff's information behavior and its influencing factors,so as to put forward to ensure the validity of information behavior measures,to promote and improve the information ability of medical staff.%正确有效的信息行为是医护人员工作和科研的重要保障,通过正确有效的信息行为,医护人员可以了解本领域的研究动态和发展趋势,借鉴经验并启发思维。提出运用层次分析法对医护人员的信息行为进行分析和建立模型,旨在探讨医护人员的信息行为及其影响因素,从而提出保障信息行为有效性的措施,达到促进与提高医护人员信息能力的目的。

  13. The family of analytic Poisson brackets for the Camassa--Holm hierarchy

    CERN Document Server

    Gekhtman, M I

    2007-01-01

    We consider the integrable Camassa--Holm hierarchy on the line with positive initial data rapidly decaying at infinity. It is known that flows of the hierarchy can be formulated in a Hamiltonian form using two compatible Poisson brackets. In this note we propose a new approach to Hamiltonian theory of the CH equation. In terms of associated Riemann surface and the Weyl function we write an analytic formula which produces a family of compatible Poisson brackets. The formula includes an entire function $f(z)$ as a parameter. The simplest choice $f(z)=1$ or $f(z)=z$ corresponds to the rational or trigonometric solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation and produces two original Poisson brackets. All other Poisson brackets corresponding to other choices of the function $f(z)$ are new.

  14. 基于层次分析法的安顺试验区主导产业选择%Selection of Leading Industry in Anshun Experimental District Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄昭; 徐忠; 张磊

    2011-01-01

    在比较国内外学者对主导产业的选择方法的基础上,选用层次分析法,以选择带动安顺试验区经济全面发展的主导产业为目标层,市场需求、效益准则和因地制宜为准则层,构建主导产业选择模型,对安顺试验区主导产业进行了选择.结果表明,安顺试验区主导产业选择的优先顺序应该是:旅游业>制药工业>交通运输业>能源工业>食品工业>特色农业>包装与印刷业>汽车工业>采矿工业>机电工业.%Analytic Hierarchy Process is selected according to the selection method of leading industries by both domestic and foreign scholars. Leading industries which can accelerate the overall economic development of Anshun experimental district is taken as the target layer; and market demand, efficiency standards and local conditions are taken as the criterion layers, so as to construct the select model of leading industry and to choose the leading industry in Anshun dxperimental district. Result shows that the priority order of the leading industry selection in Anshun experimental district is as follows: tourism > pharmacy > transportation > energy > food processing > characteristic agriculture >package and printing > automobile industry > mining > electric engineering.

  15. Hierarchy-Based Team Software Process Simulation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    According to the characteristic of Team Software Process (TSP), it adopts a hierarchy-based model combined discrete event model with system dynamics model. This model represents TSP as form of two levels, the inner level embodies the continuity of the software process, the outer embodies the software development process by phases, and the structure and principle of the model is explained in detail, then formalization description of the model is offered. At last, an example is presented to demonstrate the simulation process and result. This model can simulate team software process from various angles, supervise and predict the software process. Also it can make the management of software development become more scientific and improve the quality of software.

  16. 基于层次分析法的国有发电企业政工人员素质测评模型%Model for Evaluation of Quality of the Political Workers of the State-owned Power Generation Enterprises Based on Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱云祥

    2013-01-01

      层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process,简记AHP)是美国运筹学家匹茨堡大学教授萨蒂(T.L.Saaty)于上世纪70年代初提出的一种层次权重决策分析方法。这是一种解决多目标的复杂问题的定性与定量相结合的决策分析、评价方法。文章试图应用“AHP”的思想,对现代国有发电企业政工人员素质测评进行指标的确定和量化,以期为今后企业政工人员的选聘和评价工作提供一个比较客观合理的参考依据,也为人力资源管理提供一种新的思路。%  AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) is a kind of hierarchical weight decision analysis method put forward by T.L.Saaty, Operation Researcher and Professor of University of Pittsburgh in the early 70s. It is a qualitative and quantitative methodology of multi-objective decision analysis and evaluation. The article tries to apply "AHP" to the determination and quantization of quality index of political workers of the state-owned power generation enterprises, hoping to provide a reasonable reference basis for the employment and evaluation of workers, and provide a new approach to human resources management.

  17. Risk Evaluation of Information System Security Based on Neural Network and Analytic Hierarchy Process%层次分析法和神经网络的信息系统风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵保华

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the accuracy of the risk assessment of the information system ,a new method for risk assessment of information system based on analytic analysis process and neural network e is proposed . The experimental results show that the proposed model can avoid the defect of determining weights of evaluation indexes artificially ,accurately describe the information system risk characteristics ,enhance the accuracy of the information system risk assessment , and can provide valuable reference information for the information systems security management personnel .%为了提高信息系统风险评估的准确性,提出一种层次分析法和神经网络的信息系统风险评估模型(A H P-BP)。结果表明,此模型有效避免了人为确定评估指标权重的缺陷,可以准确描述信息系统风险变化特点,提高了信息系统风险的评估精度,能够为信息安全管理人员提供有价值的参考信息。

  18. Enterprise IT governance key decision-making based on strategy alignment and analytic hierarchy process%基于战略匹配和层次分析的企业IT治理关键问题决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    计春阳; 唐志豪

    2012-01-01

    The alignment between business strategy and IT strategy is the bases for good IT governance performance. And enterprises have to do five key decisions for their IT governance. To convert the alignment ideal into quantitative model so as to support enterprise IT governance decision, the Analytic Network Process (ANP) algorithm was introduced , and collaboration between business and IT strategy was simulated. Business strategy management of Porter, and strategy alignment management of Henderson were borrowed to represent business strategy and IT strategy. An IT governance key decision-making model based on the quantitative results of strategic alignment was put forward and validated through computation and analysis of real cases.%企业战略与IT战略之间的匹配是确保IT治理取得良好绩效的重要前提.企业的IT治理必须完成五个关键问题的决策.为有效地将战略对应的思想转化为量化模型,支持企业决策,本文引入网络层次分析法模拟企业战略与IT战略之间的匹配关系,分别借用Porter的战略管理理论和Henderson的战略匹配模型代表企业战略和IT战略,提出了基于战略匹配的企业IT治理五个关键问题决策模型,并通过实例分析与运算验证了该模型的有效性.

  19. Know Your Place: Neural Processing of Social Hierarchy in Humans

    OpenAIRE

    Zink, Caroline F.; Tong, Yunxia; Chen, Qiang; Bassett, Danielle S; Stein, Jason L; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Social hierarchies guide behavior in many species, including humans, where status also has an enormous impact on motivation and health. However, little is known about the underlying neural representation of social hierarchies in humans. In the present study, we identify dissociable neural responses to perceived social rank using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in an interactive simulated social context. In both stable and unstable social hierarchies, viewing a superior individual...

  20. 基于模糊层次分析法的生物燃气产业竞争力评价模型及应用%Using and molding of biological gas industry competitiveness evaluation based on fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘越; 孟海波; 沈玉君; 程红胜; 宋立秋; 袁帅

    2016-01-01

    With the increase of China’s energy demand and the enforcement of environmental protection, biological gas industry draws more and more attention. In order to understand biological gas industry development level, evaluation of industry competitivenesshas become an urgent problem. The analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method were applied to the evaluation of biological gas industry competition. 22 indices were adopted in order to construct an evaluation index system of biological gas industry competitiveness. The 22 indices included the scale competitiveness, economy competitiveness, technology competitiveness, manage competitiveness, sustainable development competitiveness in 5 aspects. A biological gas industrial competitiveness evaluation model based on the integration of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to evaluate biological gas industry competitiveness in Beijing. The analytic hierarchy process was used to establish judgment matrix by the comparison of the relative importance of indicators, calculate and check each indicators, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation was applied to determine the evaluation set, construct the subordinate function of each indicator and single factor evaluation matrix. Then multiply the subordinate degree by the weight of each indicator,the evaluation result could be gained. The comprehensive utilization of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method could solve the complicated multi-factor problem in decision making, thus not only overcome the issue of subjectiveness of analytic hierarchy process in handling hard-to-quantify indices, but also avoid the shortcoming of neglecting index weights with fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. This study based on industry competitiveness content tried to build a comprehensive biological gas industry competitiveness evaluation model. It was used for the diagnosis of biological gas industry

  1. 基于层次分析法的湖南肉类企业绩效评价研究%Study of the performance of Hunan meat enterprise based on the analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小伟; 朴银玥; 尹少华; 章怀云

    2011-01-01

    在当前食品安全事件频发和环境污染日趋恶化的背景下,构建了肉类企业综合绩效评价的新型指标体系,建立了层次评价模型,并以湖南三家上市公司为例进行了实证分析.研究表明:强化资源整合和资产运营,实行规模化经营;积极承担企业社会责任,高度重视食品安全;借助冷链物流体系等方式综合利用资源和节能环保;以及重视品牌建设等,是提升肉类企业综合绩效的重要途径.%Currently, food safety accidents take place frequently and environmental pollution has been deteriorating,a new meat enterprise performance evaluation system is established to solve the prlblems.The system consists of ecological, social and economic performances, forming the hierarchy evaluation model.And taking Hunan three listed companies as an example the empirical analysis has been done.The results show that: the important ways to promote the meat enterprise’s performance should be adopted.They are: strengthening resources integration and assets operation, developing meat enterprise scale, actively undertaing corporate social responsibility, attaching importance to food safety, use cold-chain logistics system of comprehensively to utilize resources and to save energy and to protect environmental, at the same time emphasizing value of brands construction, etc.

  2. Developing forest eco-tourism resources in Shangsi based on Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)%基于SWOT-AHP法的上思县森林生态旅游资源开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄圣霞

    2013-01-01

    [目的]探讨上思县森林生态旅游资源的开发策略,为上思县及广西其他地区开发森林生态旅游资源提供参考.[方法]对上思县森林生态旅游资源进行SWOT分析,构建递阶层次结构体系和判断矩阵,确定区位优势、自然景观优势等各层次指标权重,使用层次评价法(AHP)进行评价.[结果]上思县森林生态旅游自然景观资源丰富,指标值为0.506;具备政府支持与引导的良好机遇,指标值为0.439;处于环境压力的威胁及交通基础设施薄弱的劣势,其指标值分别为0.475和0.408.[建议]上思县生态旅游资源开发应采取实力型开发战略,坚持生态保护优先原则,突出当地特色开发多元化特色项目,把握政府的引导与支持,提高服务水平,走低碳可持续发展的开发经营之路.%[Objective]The developmental strategy of forest eco-tourism resources in Shangsi was studied to provide scientific references for forest eco-tourism development in Shangsi County and other areas in Guangxi.[Method]The forest ecotourism development in Shangsi County was first analyzed using SWOT (S-Strength,W-Weakness,O-Opportunity,T-Threat),and then AHP was applied to make assessments of location advantage and scenery advantage based on hierarchy structure system and judgment matrix.[Result]The index value of 0.506 meant Shangsi was rich in forest eco-tourism resources.The governmental support and guidance with the index value of 0.439 presented neat opportunities of governmental support and guide to Shangsi.However,the weaknesses of Shangsi involved environment pressure (0.475),limited capital and uncompleted infrastructure (0.408).According to the barycentric coordinate axis,it was known that edgy development strategy should be adopted.[Suggestion]For sustainable low-carbon development with sublime service,the government should give priority to ecological protection,help improve tourism brand and develop special multi-featured programs.

  3. ANALYTICAL REPRESENTATION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Chepeleva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of mathematical models and problems of optimum industrial process has been carried out with the help of operational calculus theory, impulse function theory, set theory, time-tables, combinatory optimization. Analytical expressions describing discontinuous industrial process have been obtained and their geometrical interpretation is also given in the paper.

  4. 公路项目运营可持续性物元/层次分析评价法%Research on matter-element and analytic hierarchy process about highway project sustainable operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月宏

    2009-01-01

    文章针对公路项目社会经济可持续发展进行分析,将其影响因素归纳为:社会发展、经济发展、政治问题和公路部门素质等4个方面,在此基础上构建了公路项目社会经济可持续发展评价指标体系,再运用物元分析法和层次分析法,建立了评价模型.通过实证项目中的模糊运用,对公路项目社会经济可持续发展进行综合评价.%In view of the analysis carried on the social economy sustainable development of highway project, to sum up in four factors: social development, economical development, political issue and highway department quality and so on; Based on this, this paper has constructed the social economy sustainable development appraisal target system of highway project, and has also established the appraisal model utilizing matter-element analytic method and AHP. This paper carries on the synthetic evaluation to social economy sustainable development of highway project through the fuzzy utilization in real project.

  5. Bulanık Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci ile Uygun Altı Sigma Metodolojisinin Seçimi(The Selection of Appropriate Six Sigma Methodology by Using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem SOFYALIOĞLU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Six sigma is considered as a business strategy that depends on the continuous improvement approach that tries to eliminate the process variability and aims to decrease the scrap in business processes by using statistical tools and techniques. In this study, first the differences between Six Sigma Improvement Model and Design for Six Sigma will be given and then the proper methodology for the business in order to achieve its goals will be determined by using fuzzy AHP which is one of the multicriteria decision making techniques.

  6. The Construction and the Empirical Study of the Evaluation Criterion System for the Engineering Discipline Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP)%基于AHP的工科学科评估模型构建及实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞芳

    2011-01-01

    文章主要以工学学科建设层次评估指标体系的建立为重点,采用专家调查问卷的方式,综合运用层次分析法、专家咨询法构建了工科学科建设评估指标体系,并对三个有代表性的学科进行实证研究,根据分析结果进一步提出了该三个学科建设策略,在学科建设评估方面进行了有益的探索.%This thesis focuses on the investigation of the evaluation criterion system for the engineering discipline development. And an evaluation criterion was set up by comprehensive using of the analytical hierarchy process, questionnaire and expert advisory.The evaluation criterion proposed in this thesis was utilized to evaluate the three representative disciplines.The results of evaluation prove the effectiveness of the evaluation criterion.Moreover, according to the evaluation results, a strategy was proposed for discipline development of the three disciplines in future.

  7. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in the Relocation of the Village--Taking Qijiawan Street in Huangpi District in Wuhan City as an Example%层次分析法在迁村并点中的应用--以武汉市黄陂区祁家湾街为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梦姣

    2014-01-01

    At present, the selection of the center vil age cho-ose in the relocation of vil ages is mostly depends on the sub-jective judgments of planners which is lack of accuracy and is not scientific. This paper took Qijiawan Street as an example, using the method of analytic hierarchy process and establishi-ng the evaluation index system of the center vil age. and fol o-wing the “people-oriented” criterion, the author final y selec-ted Liwan village and other seven villages as the center village.%目前,迁村并点中中心村的选择大多是规划者主观判断缺乏准确性和科学性。本文以祁家湾街为例,以层次分析法为选取工具,建立了中心村评价指标体系。并以“以人为本”为判断准则,最终选取了庙李湾等八个中心村。

  8. Study on the Risk of Scientific Research Project Based on AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process)%基于层次分析法的科研项目风险研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵舒扬; 董浩

    2014-01-01

    在介绍科研项目概念、分类、特点的基础上,阐述了科研项目风险的定义及科研项目风险管理的必要性,并对科研项目全过程所存在的风险进行了识别,构建了风险评价模型,根据评价结果提出了科研项目的风险控制措施。%ABSTRACT:Based on introducing the concept,classification and characteristics of the scientific research projects,this paper expounds the definition of the scientific research project and the necessity of carrying out the risk management of scientific research project,and identifies the risks existing in the whole process of the scientific research project,builds the risk evaluation model,and puts forward some measures for controlling the risks in scientific research projects according to the evaluation results.

  9. 基于AHP灰色理论的飞机驾驶舱内环境设计评价%Evaluation of Interior Environmental Design of Aircraft Cockpit Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯青; 余隋怀; 初建杰; 杜鹤民

    2012-01-01

    在分析驾驶舱内环境特性的基础上,综合考虑了驾驶舱内环境中的设计因素,运用层次分析法建立了基于灰色理论的飞机驾驶舱内环境设计综合评价模型.该模型通过以定量分析为主、定性分析和定量分析相结合的方法,克服了评价的主观性和随意性,实现了对飞机驾驶舱内环境设计的全面、科学和合理的评价.最后,设计并编制了飞机驾驶舱内环境设计评价软件,解决了评价过程中大量的人工数学计算问题.%On the basis of the analysis of cockpit environmental characteristics and comprehensive consideration of the cockpit environment design factors, a comprehensive evaluation model which is based on grey theory is set up by the way of using AHP. This model mainly depends on the method of quantitative analysis, quantitative analysis and a combination. It overcomes the evaluation of the subjectivity and arbitrariness and realizes a comprehensive, scientific and reasonable evaluation towards aircraft cockpit environment design. Finally, evaluation software for aircraft cockpit design is designed and lots of artificial mathematical problems during evaluation process are solved.

  10. Biogas engineering technology screening based on analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation%基于层次分析法和模糊综合评价的沼气工程技术筛选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向欣; 罗煜; 程红胜; 沈玉君; 王延昌; 张玉华

    2014-01-01

    process were applied to establish an index system for biogas technologies screening. The weights of the indices for the screening were worked out through investigation by experts in this field using AHP. Then, the biogas technologies were collated with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. This decision making process was verified with the actual screening for a case of biogas technologies application site in China. The AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method combined could be used to solve the complicated multi-factor problem in decision making, thus not only overcoming the issue of subjectiveness of AHP in handling hard-to-quantify indices, but also avoiding the shortcoming of neglecting index weights with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. It is, therefore, a good tool to screen biogas techniques for the recycling of agriculture waste. Comparisons of operating effects between two biogas technologies were carried out; the results from calculations based on the AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method were consistent with the facts of the real application at the two sites adopted with the two biogas technologies. Compared to completely mixed anaerobic technologies, red-sludge plastic anaerobic technology had better effects in terms of consumption of waste. In addition, red-sludge plastic anaerobic technology generated more electricity to meet the needs of a local village in Hubei on electricity expenditure, provided better solutions to the non source pollution contaminating water and soil, and even potentially helped reduce two released main gases, nitrogen dioxide and methane, that cause global climate change. All in all, the methods in this study will provide the methodology reference for assessing, selecting, integrating, and promoting biogas technology in China.%不同沼气工程技术对地域自然条件、环境制约条件、原料种类等因素的适应性有较大差异,科学客观的沼气工程技术筛选方法,是保证沼气

  11. Selection of Vendor Based on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Prabjot Kaur

    2014-01-01

    Business environment is characterized by greater domestic and international competitive position in the global market. Vendors play a key role in achieving the so-called corporate competition. It is not easy however to identify good vendors because evaluation is based on multiple criteria. In practice, for VSP most of the input information about the criteria is not known precisely. Intuitionistic fuzzy set is an extension of the classical fuzzy set theory (FST), which is a suitable way to dea...

  12. Psychophysical "blinding" methods reveal a functional hierarchy of unconscious visual processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitmeyer, Bruno G

    2015-09-01

    Numerous non-invasive experimental "blinding" methods exist for suppressing the phenomenal awareness of visual stimuli. Not all of these suppressive methods occur at, and thus index, the same level of unconscious visual processing. This suggests that a functional hierarchy of unconscious visual processing can in principle be established. The empirical results of extant studies that have used a number of different methods and additional reasonable theoretical considerations suggest the following tentative hierarchy. At the highest levels in this hierarchy is unconscious processing indexed by object-substitution masking. The functional levels indexed by crowding, the attentional blink (and other attentional blinding methods), backward pattern masking, metacontrast masking, continuous flash suppression, sandwich masking, and single-flash interocular suppression, fall at progressively lower levels, while unconscious processing at the lowest levels is indexed by eye-based binocular-rivalry suppression. Although unconscious processing levels indexed by additional blinding methods is yet to be determined, a tentative placement at lower levels in the hierarchy is also given for unconscious processing indexed by Troxler fading and adaptation-induced blindness, and at higher levels in the hierarchy indexed by attentional blinding effects in addition to the level indexed by the attentional blink. The full mapping of levels in the functional hierarchy onto cortical activation sites and levels is yet to be determined. The existence of such a hierarchy bears importantly on the search for, and the distinctions between, neural correlates of conscious and unconscious vision. PMID:25704454

  13. A Novel Environmental Performance Evaluation of Thailand’s Food Industry Using Structural Equation Modeling and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anirut Pipatprapa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the environment and sustainability are important topics for every industry. The food industry is particularly complicated in this regard because of the dynamic and complex character of food products and their production. This study uses structural equation modeling (SEM and a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP to investigate which factors are suitable for evaluating the environmental performance of Thailand’s food industry. A first-stage questionnaire survey was conducted with 178 managers in the food industry that obtained a certificate from the Department of Industrial Work of Thailand to synthesize the performance measurement model and the significance of the relationship between the indicators. A second-stage questionnaire measured 18 experts’ priorities regarding the criteria and sub-factors involved in the different aspects and assessment items regarding environmental performance. SEM showed that quality management, market orientation, and innovation capability have a significantly positive effect on environmental performance. The FAHP showed that the experts were most concerned about quality management, followed by market orientation and innovation capability; the assessment items for quality policy, quality assurance, and customer orientation were of the most concern. The findings of this study can be referenced and support managerial decision making when monitoring environmental performance.

  14. Study on Safety Assessment of City Natural Gas Gate Station Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and Grey Relational Analysis Method%基于层次分析和灰色关联分析法的城市天然气门站安全评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳华伟; 陈杨; 谷文渊; 魏鹏

    2012-01-01

    The security situation of city natural gas gate stations decides whether the whole city natural gas system can run safely and steadily. In this paper, the analytic hierarchy process and grey relational analysis method were used to analyze the safety situation of city natural gas gate station, through analysis of risk factors of city natural gas station, safety assessment index system was established. Assessment index weight was gained by analytic hierarchy process method, the grey relational analysis method was used to calculate the relational degree between the gained data sequence and the standard data sequence. The standard safety grade corresponding to the maximum value of relational degree was the safety degree of the natural gas gate station. According to the assessment result, key points in routine safe work were put forward. All these processes were used in the safety assessment of Changzhou natural gas gate station, and it was determined that the safety degree of the gate station was level Ⅱ. The result shows that the method used in safety assessment of the gate station is effective and reliable, which can provide useful reference for safety management of the city natural gas gate station.%城市天然气门站安全状况好坏,直接决定了整个城市天然气系统能否正常、平稳运行,为此提出运用层次分析和灰色关联分析法对城市天然气门站进行安全状况分析.通过对天然气门站危险因素的分析,建立了门站安全评价指标体系,运用层次分析法得出评价指标权重,运用灰色关联分析得出参评数据序列与标准数据序列之间的关联度,关联度最大值所对应的标准安全等级,即为天然气门站安全等级,并针对评价结果,给出相应的日常安全工作重点.用该方法对常州天然气门站进行安全评价,得到门站安全等级为Ⅱ级,这与门站实际运行状况相符,说明用该方法对城市天然气门站进行安全评价是有效的

  15. Research on Application Idea and Case Analysis of the Analytic Hierarchy Process Method in the Course of the Performance Management%层次分析法在《绩效管理》课程的教学思路及案例解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉

    2014-01-01

    “Performance management”course is one of the professional core courses of professional human resources man-agement;the main content of this course is to use the qualitative and quantitative method for performance appraisal and e-valuation personnel within the organization. Since this part involves in the more principle and process of comprehensive e-valuation in the statistics course,teachers and students generally reflect a certain degree of difficulty in the teaching and studying process. By analyzing the reason,it mainly lies in failing to closely combine comprehensive evaluation analysis method with performance appraisal process for students,in view of which this part in the research method has certain com-monality. Therefore,this article summarizes the teaching ideas of the comprehensive evaluation method in the performance evaluation course by combining with teaching experience,among which the key is to build the evaluation index system and estimate weights,and demonstrates the teaching idea and steps of the analytic hierarchy process(AHP)in the performance appraisal through the example for teaching.%《绩效管理》课程是人力资源管理专业的专业核心课程之一,该课程的重点内容是利用定性和定量方法对组织内的人员进行绩效考核与评价。由于此部分内容涉及较多的统计学的综合评价分析原理及步骤,在教学过程中师生普遍反映有一定的难度。究其原因,主要在于学生未能将综合评价分析方法与绩效考核流程相结合。文章归纳总结了综合评价方法在绩效考核课程的运用思路,其中关键点是构建评价指标体系和估算权重,并通过案例展示了层次分析法(AHP)在绩效考核中的教学思路及步骤以便于教学。

  16. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP and an Application: The Selection of a Library Director as a Leader Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS ve Bir Uygulama: Lider bir Kütüphane Müdürü Seçimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Yılmaz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The librarians have to take various decisions to deal with the problems met in library and information centers. Before having made the decisions, the librarians should firstly define the problem with all details. If the librarians have clear information about the relevant problem, they can easily define and solve it. But the problems met by librarians in library and information centers sometimes may have a complex and an unclear structure. The librarians need a powerful method to deal with such a problem having a complex and an unclear structure. This method may be Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. The main purpose of this study is to explain how to use the AHP. Furthermore, in this study it is also explained how to select a library director as a leader. Kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinde karşılaşılan problemlerin üstesinden gelmek için kütüphaneciler, çeşitli kararlar almak zorundadır. Karar vermek için kütüphanecilerin öncelikle problemi tanımlaması gerekir. Kütüphanecilerin problemle ilgili net verilere sahip olmaları söz konusu problemin tanımlanmasını ve çözümünü kolaylaştırır. Fakat kütüphanecilerin kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinde karşılaştıkları sorunlara ilişkin veriler bazen karmaşık ve belirsiz bir yapıda olabilir. Kütüphanecilerin karmaşık ve belirsiz bir yapıya sahip bu tür problemlerin üstesinden gelmeleri için güçlü bir yöntemden yararlanması gerekir. Bu yöntem, Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS olabilir. Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, AHS yönteminden nasıl yararlanılacağını açıklamaktır. Araştırmamızda ayrıca AHS yöntemiyle lider bir kütüphane müdürünün nasıl seçileceği de açıklanmıştır.

  17. Integrability, analyticity, isochrony, equilibria, small oscillations, and Diophantine relations: results from the stationary Burgers hierarchy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruschi, M; Calogero, F [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' La Sapienza' , 00185 Roma (Italy); Droghei, R [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita Roma Tre (Italy)], E-mail: mario.bruschi@roma1.infn.it, E-mail: francesco.calogero@roma1.infn.it, E-mail: francesco.calogero@uniroma1.it, E-mail: droghei@fis.uniroma3.it

    2009-11-27

    An isochronous system is introduced by modifying the Nth ODE of the stationary Burgers hierarchy, and then, by investigating its behaviour near its equilibria, neat Diophantine relations are identified, involving (well-known) polynomials of arbitrary degree having integer zeros, or equivalently matrices the determinants of which yield such polynomials. The basic idea to arrive at such relations is not new, but the specific application reported in this paper is new, and it is likely to open the way to several analogous new findings.

  18. Design of evaluation index system of scientific research performance based on the Balanced Score Card and Analytic Hierarchy Process in military medical universities%基于BSC和AHP的军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙怡; 王振维

    2015-01-01

    目的 军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系的构建、权重确定及实证对比研究.方法 通过文献研究,将平衡计分卡(Balanced Score Card,简称BSC)应用于科研绩效评价指标的设计,初步确立军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系,并采用德尔菲法(Delphi Method)确立最终的评价指标.基于层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process,简称AHP)中Saaty权重法设计权重判断表,确定各级指标权重.用数理统计的方法建立群组决策模型,求出综合权重.最后,将三级指标中的部分定性指标定量化,并收集两个科室近两年来的科研绩效数据,对体系的适用性进行评价.结果 构建了一套全面反映军医大学科研绩效的评价指标体系,共有四个维度,一级指标8个,二级指标22个,三级指标50个,并确定了各级指标权重.实证研究显示,在综合水平方面,B科室高于A科室.但在四维度上大家均各有所长,A科室在传统的科研投入产出方面与B科室相比有较大差距;在客户和内部流程两方面分值比较接近;在学习与成长方面,2013年A科室略微落后于B科室,但在2014年反而超越了B科室.结论 基于平衡计分卡和层次分析法原理的指标体系设计集长期指标和短期指标、财务指标和非财务指标、显性指标和隐性指标为一体,定性与定量评价相结合,采用科学有效的咨询、分析和计算方法,结果真实可信.在体系的适用性方面,基于BSC的科研绩效评价体系相较于传统的绩效评价,能更好更全面的反映各科室的科研水平、团队创新能力和可持续发展趋势.%Objective To design an evaluation index system of scientific research performance in military medical universities and determine the weights of these indexs.Methods Through literature study,the Balanced Scorecard Card (BSC) is used to preliminarily design the evaluation index system of scientific research performance in military medical

  19. 基于层次分析法的面制主食杀菌及包装生产线设计与试验%Design and experiment of aseptic packaging line of staple wheat food with analytic hierarchy process method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐雪萌; 屈凌波; 徐芸

    2016-01-01

    A design of aseptic packaging system integrated as the end part of the staple wheat food product line is studied, in order to keep the quality of the staple wheat food in the period of the distribution and sale.There are 3 basic parts in the aseptic packaging system, i.e. drying unit, compound sterilization units and packaging unit, considering influence factors for the food quality during storage and circulation as well as fresh-keeping packaging technology. Three basic parts can be freely used for different kinds of staple wheat food. Four technical schemes of aseptic packaging line are established according to different kinds of drying, sterilization and packaging techniques. The 4 schemes are studied with the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method. In the AHP analysis process, the hierarchy with 3 criteria i.e. working performance, economic efficiency and reliability, and 9 sub-criteria is established. Through evaluation and priority considering, the optimum scheme is chosen. The aseptic packaging line is carefully designed, which is composed of the infrared drying unit, compound sterilization units of ultraviolet (UV), low temperature, Ozone, packaging machine, and reasonable product flow. In order to achieve industrial production of aseptic packaging for different kinds of staple wheat food, the line can be program-controlled with adjustable parameters, such as drying time, drying temperature, sterilization time, UV illumination intensity and Ozone intensity. The aseptic packaging system is set up in accordance with the above optimum scheme by the AHP method. Chinese steamed bread made of flour with primary moisture content of 43% have been processed by the compound sterilization units of aseptic packaging system under the condition of 4℃,relative humidity (RH) of 50%-70%, UV illumination intensity of 90-100µW/m2 and Ozone intensity of 40-60 mg/m3. For processed and the naturally placed Chinese steamed bread, the comparative tests of color, texture and

  20. Void Hierarchy and Cosmic Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weygaert, R. van de; Sheth, R.

    2003-01-01

    Abstract: Within the context of hierarchical scenarios of gravitational structure formation we describe how an evolving hierarchy of voids evolves on the basis of {em two} processes, the {em void-in-void} process and the {it void-in-cloud} process. The related analytical formulation in terms of a {i

  1. Void hierarchy and cosmic structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Weygaert, R; Sheth, R; Pilonis, M

    2004-01-01

    Within the context of hierarchical scenarios of gravitational structure formation we describe how an evolving hierarchy of voids evolves on the basis of two processes, the void-in-void process and the void-in-cloud process. The related analytical formulation in terms of a two-barrier excursion probl

  2. 基于GIS与层次分析的上海市蕴藻浜两岸生态环境综合评价%Assessment of the ecological environment suitability for the two banks of Yunzaobang River in Shanghai using GIS and analytic hierarchy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭; 仵彦卿; 覃荣高

    2013-01-01

    Based on the ecological environment analysis according to the environmental investigation of the Yunzaobang River in Shanghai,we assessed the ecological suitability of land use in the area by combination of GIS and analytic hierarchy process.The results showed that the suitable,relatively suitable,unsuitable and relatively unsuitable areas were 27.1%,15.1%,32.0% and 25.8%,respectively.Furthermore,the effect of bank utilization rates on the ecological suitability was further discussed.The quality of the river water would be significantly improved if the natural degradation ability of the microbes in the substrate sludge and the two banks can be fully utilized.In order to reduce the influence of human activities on the ecosystem of the river bank,the stone-laying of some river bank can be substituted by ecological brick material.Finally,the planning of "three river combination" for Yunzaobang River,Huangpu River and Yangtse River was proposed,which gives scientific support to the environmental treatment of Yunzaobang in Shanghai.Moreover,the assessment techniques can be used for the other similar area.%根据对上海市蕴藻浜的环境调查,分析了沿岸生态环境问题,采用层次分析和GIS技术相结合的方法,对上海市宝山区蕴藻浜两岸生态环境进行了评价,评价结果显示研究区目前适宜区为27.1%,较适宜区为15.1%,不适宜区为32.0%,最不适宜区为25.8%,在此基础上深入探讨了岸线占用率指标对生态适宜性评价的影响.结果表明,充分利用河流两岸和底泥中大量的微生物对河流水体中的污染物进行自然降解,将大大改善河流水质,在必须构筑河岸地段,可尝试利用生态砖材料代替浆砌石材料,从而减少人为破坏河流两岸原有生态系统.结合研究区生态环境现状,提出了蕴藻浜与黄浦江和长江“三江合一”的规划,为上海市蕴藻浜的环境综合整治提供科学依据,同时该评价方法也可以

  3. Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process Method to Study on the Evaluation System of Medical Service Ability--in the Context of Total Payment Controlling%基于层次分析法的医疗服务能力评价体系研究--以医疗保险付费总额控制为背景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏伟; 艳秋; 李佳瑾

    2014-01-01

    本文以层次分析法为理论基础,研究医疗保险付费总额控制背景下的医疗机构医疗服务能力评价体系及其建立方法,为科学评价医疗机构服务能力、合理分配医疗保险付费预算总额提供参考。%Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is applied in this paper to study the evaluation system for the service ability of medical institutions and its establishment methods in the context of total payment controlling, therefore to provide evidence to evaluate the service ability of the medical institutions more scientifically and distribute the total payment budget more reasonably.

  4. Ecological hierarchies and self-organisation - Pattern analysis, modelling and process integration across scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reuter, H.; Jopp, F.; Blanco-Moreno, J. M.; Damgaard, C.; Matsinos, Y.; DeAngelis, D.L.

    2010-01-01

    A continuing discussion in applied and theoretical ecology focuses on the relationship of different organisational levels and on how ecological systems interact across scales. We address principal approaches to cope with complex across-level issues in ecology by applying elements of hierarchy theory and the theory of complex adaptive systems. A top-down approach, often characterised by the use of statistical techniques, can be applied to analyse large-scale dynamics and identify constraints exerted on lower levels. Current developments are illustrated with examples from the analysis of within-community spatial patterns and large-scale vegetation patterns. A bottom-up approach allows one to elucidate how interactions of individuals shape dynamics at higher levels in a self-organisation process; e.g., population development and community composition. This may be facilitated by various modelling tools, which provide the distinction between focal levels and resulting properties. For instance, resilience in grassland communities has been analysed with a cellular automaton approach, and the driving forces in rodent population oscillations have been identified with an agent-based model. Both modelling tools illustrate the principles of analysing higher level processes by representing the interactions of basic components.The focus of most ecological investigations on either top-down or bottom-up approaches may not be appropriate, if strong cross-scale relationships predominate. Here, we propose an 'across-scale-approach', closely interweaving the inherent potentials of both approaches. This combination of analytical and synthesising approaches will enable ecologists to establish a more coherent access to cross-level interactions in ecological systems. ?? 2010 Gesellschaft f??r ??kologie.

  5. Face the hierarchy: ERP and oscillatory brain responses in social rank processing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audrey Breton

    Full Text Available Recognition of social hierarchy is a key feature that helps us navigate through our complex social environment. Neuroimaging studies have identified brain structures involved in the processing of hierarchical stimuli but the precise temporal dynamics of brain activity associated with such processing remains largely unknown. Here, we used electroencephalography to examine the effect of social hierarchy on neural responses elicited by faces. In contrast to previous studies, the key manipulation was that a hierarchical context was constructed, not by varying facial expressions, but by presenting neutral-expression faces in a game setting. Once the performance-based hierarchy was established, participants were presented with high-rank, middle-rank and low-rank player faces and had to evaluate the rank of each face with respect to their own position. Both event-related potentials and task-related oscillatory activity were investigated. Three main findings emerge from the study. First, the experimental manipulation had no effect on the early N170 component, which may suggest that hierarchy did not modulate the structural encoding of neutral-expression faces. Second, hierarchy significantly modulated the amplitude of the late positive potential (LPP within a 400-700 ms time-window, with more a prominent LPP occurring when the participants processed the face of the highest-rank player. Third, high-rank faces were associated with the highest reduction of alpha power. Taken together these findings provide novel electrophysiological evidence for enhanced allocation of attentional resource in the presence of high-rank faces. At a broader level, this study brings new insights into the neural processing underlying social categorization.

  6. Selecting public relations personnel of hospitals by analytic network process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Sen-Kuei; Chang, Kuei-Lun

    2009-01-01

    This study describes the use of analytic network process (ANP) in the Taiwanese hospital public relations personnel selection process. Starting with interviewing 48 practitioners and executives in north Taiwan, we collected selection criteria. Then, we retained the 12 critical criteria that were mentioned above 40 times by theses respondents, including: interpersonal skill, experience, negotiation, language, ability to follow orders, cognitive ability, adaptation to environment, adaptation to company, emotion, loyalty, attitude, and Response. Finally, we discussed with the 20 executives to take these important criteria into three perspectives to structure the hierarchy for hospital public relations personnel selection. After discussing with practitioners and executives, we find that selecting criteria are interrelated. The ANP, which incorporates interdependence relationships, is a new approach for multi-criteria decision-making. Thus, we apply ANP to select the most optimal public relations personnel of hospitals. An empirical study of public relations personnel selection problems in Taiwan hospitals is conducted to illustrate how the selection procedure works.

  7. The Multi-period Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Asset Allocation Based on the Scenarios Tree%基于情景树的多期模糊层次资产配置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄新田; 刘洋

    2011-01-01

    The financial market is a complex system because it is susceptible to environmental changes. It is difficult to determine the real value of a financial asset simply based on the performance of that financial asset. Understanding the fundamentals of the financial market can help investors better understand the actual value of a financial asset. Optimizing financial assets in the market is a multiattribute problem for investors to solve. Analytical hierarchy process is an effective method to solve this multi-attribute decision-making problem. Investors often have different interpretations of the influence of external factors on the actual value of financial assets. The varied interpretations are the result of investor's preference and intuition. Since the analytical hierarchy process framework is based on investor's sensations, the fuzzy analytical method can accurately describe the decision-making process for financial asset allocation.Multi-period asset allocation can provide a long-term view of optimal allocation dynamics. It is important to establish an optimal asset allocation program effectively. The essence of the optimal asset allocation model is to simulate all kinds of future market conditions and market statuses. The simulation results can help investors solve the optimal asset allocation scheme by using the financial asset yield performance under different market conditions. In recent years, researchers have focused on multi-period asset allocation models and scenario generation methods. However, all of these models and methods directly describe the market situation generated in the random environment, and extract random points. The investor tends to use language types to represent the future market situation, such as “rise” and “down.” In other words, the investor exhibits the fuzzy uncertainty for future markets. Some scholars have improved the fuzzy judgment matrix in the fuzzy analytical process. However, the improvement of all methods relies

  8. OPTIMAL HIERARCHY STRUCTURES FOR MULTI-ATTRIBUTE-CRITERIA DECISIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stan LIPOVETSKY

    2009-01-01

    A problem of a hierarchy structure optimization is considered. Hierarchical structures are widely used in the Analytic Hierarchy Process, conjoint analysis, and various other methods of multiple criteria decision making. The problem consists in finding a structure that needs a minimum number of pair comparisons for a given total number of the alternatives. For an optimal hierarchy, the minimum efforts are needed for eliciting data and synthesizing the local References across the hierarchy to get the global priorities or utilities. Special estimation techniques are developed and numerical simulations performed. Analytical and numerical results suggest optimal ways of priority evaluations for practical managerial decisions in a complex environment.

  9. Enfoque híbrido simulación-proceso analítico jerárquico: caso de estudio del rediseño de un restaurante || Hybrid Approach between Analytic Hierarchy Process and Simulation: Case Study, Redesign of a Restaurant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Sánchez, Caridad

    2014-12-01

    selection of the best alternative, multicriteria approach is used in discrete spaces specially the Analytic Hierarchic method, which was developed by Thomas Saaty, by using the software “Hierarchies".

  10. Piecewise deterministic Markov processes : an analytic approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alkurdi, Taleb Salameh Odeh

    2013-01-01

    The subject of this thesis, piecewise deterministic Markov processes, an analytic approach, is on the border between analysis and probability theory. Such processes can either be viewed as random perturbations of deterministic dynamical systems in an impulsive fashion, or as a particular kind of sto

  11. Void Hierarchy and Cosmic Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Van de Weygaert, R; Weygaert, Rien van de; Sheth, Ravi

    2003-01-01

    Within the context of hierarchical scenarios of gravitational structure formation we describe how an evolving hierarchy of voids evolves on the basis of {\\em two} processes, the {\\em void-in-void} process and the {\\it void-in-cloud} process. The related analytical formulation in terms of a {\\it two-barrier} excursion problem leads to a self-similarly evolving peaked void size distribution.

  12. The Economic and Social Impact Assessment of Major International Exhibitions --A Case Study of the World Expo 2010 Shanghai Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%重大国际展会的经济社会影响力研究——基于AHP与模糊综合评价的上海世博会例证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明伟; 朱俊杰; 李毅彬; 王斌斌

    2011-01-01

    本文基于层次分析法和模糊综合评价法建立评价模型,以2010年上海世博会为例定量分析了重大国际展会的经济社会影响力。首先,将上海世博会与北京奥运会进行横向比较,提出评价指标体系,运用层次分析法,构建较全面和系统的评价模型,评估?其经济社会影响力。然后,将上海世博会与历届世博会进行纵向比较,构建模型,应用模糊综合评价法评估其影响力。本文提出的研究方法可推广应用于重大国际展会的经济社会影响力评估。%An evaluation model is established to analyze the economic and social impact of major international exhibitions quantitatively, with a case study of the World Expo 2010 Shanghai, based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. Firstly, the World Expo 2010 Shanghai and the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games were compared and corresponding measures of effectiveness were established. AHP is utilized to evaluate its economic and social impact. Then, the World Expo 2010 Shanghai was compared with former World Expos to analyze its impact using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. This methodology can be extended to evaluate the economic and social impact of major international exhibitions.

  13. Review and Prioritization of Various Advertisement Methods by Meat Products Matrix Analytic Hierarchy Method (AHP: A Case Study of Sausages Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Esfandi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Advertising is not only as a tool to increase company sales. Fast development of mass communication tools and added new mediums to advertising media have been introduced the advertising as a key element in the success or failure of a company. Due to the intense competition between companies and the fast growth of markets and changes in consumer behavior, advertising is taken into consideration as a major tool to create consumer awareness of products and services. Thus, in order to choose the best advertising method for meat products (sausages and salami, comments of 500 Shiraz citizens are collected by Cochran sampling and used in data analysis byAnalytical Hierarchy Process (AHP.After gathering the data, by synthesis the comments of respondents through arithmetic mean, the pairwise comparison matrix of criteria and priorities was formed to estimate the relative weights of them to achieve the goals of "the best method of advertising". The results indicated with respect to citizen viewpoints, the media advertisement, the street billboards, the advertising brochures, the advertising kiosks, and the purchase awards have the highest degree of importance with weight 0.430, 0.238, 0.139, 0.098 and 0.096, respectively. Due to the competition of different meat products factories, to make interest and encourage for purchasing a goods toward the competitor goods, it is necessary to use the persuasive advertisement.

  14. Information slows down hierarchy growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czaplicka, Agnieszka; Suchecki, Krzysztof; Miñano, Borja; Trias, Miquel; Hołyst, Janusz A

    2014-06-01

    We consider models of growing multilevel systems wherein the growth process is driven by rules of tournament selection. A system can be conceived as an evolving tree with a new node being attached to a contestant node at the best hierarchy level (a level nearest to the tree root). The proposed evolution reflects limited information on system properties available to new nodes. It can also be expressed in terms of population dynamics. Two models are considered: a constant tournament (CT) model wherein the number of tournament participants is constant throughout system evolution, and a proportional tournament (PT) model where this number increases proportionally to the growing size of the system itself. The results of analytical calculations based on a rate equation fit well to numerical simulations for both models. In the CT model all hierarchy levels emerge, but the birth time of a consecutive hierarchy level increases exponentially or faster for each new level. The number of nodes at the first hierarchy level grows logarithmically in time, while the size of the last, "worst" hierarchy level oscillates quasi-log-periodically. In the PT model, the occupations of the first two hierarchy levels increase linearly, but worse hierarchy levels either do not emerge at all or appear only by chance in the early stage of system evolution to further stop growing at all. The results allow us to conclude that information available to each new node in tournament dynamics restrains the emergence of new hierarchy levels and that it is the absolute amount of information, not relative, which governs such behavior. PMID:25019836

  15. Information slows down hierarchy growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czaplicka, Agnieszka; Suchecki, Krzysztof; Miñano, Borja; Trias, Miquel; Hołyst, Janusz A.

    2014-06-01

    We consider models of growing multilevel systems wherein the growth process is driven by rules of tournament selection. A system can be conceived as an evolving tree with a new node being attached to a contestant node at the best hierarchy level (a level nearest to the tree root). The proposed evolution reflects limited information on system properties available to new nodes. It can also be expressed in terms of population dynamics. Two models are considered: a constant tournament (CT) model wherein the number of tournament participants is constant throughout system evolution, and a proportional tournament (PT) model where this number increases proportionally to the growing size of the system itself. The results of analytical calculations based on a rate equation fit well to numerical simulations for both models. In the CT model all hierarchy levels emerge, but the birth time of a consecutive hierarchy level increases exponentially or faster for each new level. The number of nodes at the first hierarchy level grows logarithmically in time, while the size of the last, "worst" hierarchy level oscillates quasi-log-periodically. In the PT model, the occupations of the first two hierarchy levels increase linearly, but worse hierarchy levels either do not emerge at all or appear only by chance in the early stage of system evolution to further stop growing at all. The results allow us to conclude that information available to each new node in tournament dynamics restrains the emergence of new hierarchy levels and that it is the absolute amount of information, not relative, which governs such behavior.

  16. Proposal for the application of the analytical hierarchical process to the evaluation of safety in practice of radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we describe the use of method of multi-criteria decision making known as Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP for short) and propose it for Radiotherapy Services in order to obtain the best performance models in terms of maintenance plans (preventive, corrective, etc), acquisition and renovation of medical equipment (reliability, obsolescence, etc) and acquisition of inputs among others. (authors)

  17. Process analytical technology (PAT) for biopharmaceuticals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glassey, Jarka; Gernaey, Krist; Clemens, Christoph;

    2011-01-01

    emphasizes the need for improved PAT solutions. We summarize recent progress in this area based on an expert workshop held at the 8(th) European Symposium on Biochemical Engineering Sciences (Bologna, 2010), and highlight new opportunities for exploiting PAT when applied in biopharmaceutical production. We......Process analytical technology (PAT), the regulatory initiative for building in quality to pharmaceutical manufacturing, has a great potential for improving biopharmaceutical production. The recommended analytical tools for building in quality, multivariate data analysis, mechanistic modeling, novel...... models for interpretation of systems biology data and new sensor technologies for cellular states, are instrumental in exploiting this potential. Industrial biopharmaceutical production has gradually become dependent on large-scale processes using sensitive mammalian cell cultures. This further...

  18. Scaling and Hierarchy of Models for Flow Processes in Unsaturated Fractured Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faybishenko, B.; Bodvarsson, G. S.; Witherspoon, P. A.; Hinds, J.

    2002-12-01

    A key question facing soil scientists and hydrogeologists is whether, in analyzing flow processes within unsaturated fractured rock with geological discontinuities, the same measurements and models can be used regardless of scale. The goal of this presentation is to illustrate scaling concepts and suggest using a hierarchy of scales in describing the spatial-temporal behavior of unsaturated flow and transport in fractured rock. A conventional scaling approach is valid for liquid permeability of saturated media or air permeability of unsaturated fractured media. We will illustrate that multiscale spatial and temporal variations of flow and transport processes in unsaturated fractured rock are caused by a variety of processes (such as preferential and fast flow, funneling and divergence of flow paths, transient flow behavior, nonlinearity, unstable and chaotic flow, and fracture-matrix interaction). Small-scale intrafracture flow processes are neither physically nor geometrically analogous to large-scale fracture-network processes. As a consequence, scaling laws developed for unsaturated flow through porous media may fail for fractured rocks. To study unsaturated fractured rock, we utilize the concept of a hierarchy of scales: elemental, small, intermediate, and large scales. For each scale, the triadic hierarchical approach requires investigations one level above this scale to determine boundary conditions, and one level below to determine parameters of the equations. Thus, different conceptual approaches are needed for characterization and modeling at different scales. These theoretical concepts are illustrated using the results from field investigations of fractured basalt at the Snake River Plain, Idaho, and fractured tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.

  19. Analytic Moment-based Gaussian Process Filtering

    OpenAIRE

    Deisenroth, Marc P.; Huber, Marco F.; Hanebeck, Uwe D.

    2009-01-01

    We propose an analytic moment-based filter for nonlinear stochastic dynamic systems modeled by Gaussian processes. Exact expressions for the expected value and the covariance matrix are provided for both the prediction step and the filter step, where an additional Gaussian assumption is exploited in the latter case. Our filter does not require further approximations. In particular, it avoids finite-sample approximations. We compare the filter to a variety of Gaussian filters, that is, the EKF...

  20. Selecting public relations personnel of hospitals by analytic network process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Sen-Kuei; Chang, Kuei-Lun

    2009-01-01

    This study describes the use of analytic network process (ANP) in the Taiwanese hospital public relations personnel selection process. Starting with interviewing 48 practitioners and executives in north Taiwan, we collected selection criteria. Then, we retained the 12 critical criteria that were mentioned above 40 times by theses respondents, including: interpersonal skill, experience, negotiation, language, ability to follow orders, cognitive ability, adaptation to environment, adaptation to company, emotion, loyalty, attitude, and Response. Finally, we discussed with the 20 executives to take these important criteria into three perspectives to structure the hierarchy for hospital public relations personnel selection. After discussing with practitioners and executives, we find that selecting criteria are interrelated. The ANP, which incorporates interdependence relationships, is a new approach for multi-criteria decision-making. Thus, we apply ANP to select the most optimal public relations personnel of hospitals. An empirical study of public relations personnel selection problems in Taiwan hospitals is conducted to illustrate how the selection procedure works. PMID:19197656

  1. 基于层次分析方法确定城镇居民生活用水定额影响因素权重%Analytic Hierarchy Process in the Weight Analysis of Each Effect Factor of Urban Domestic Water Duties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 周萍; 傅金祥; 刘宏博; 汪卫冉

    2012-01-01

    目的 确定5种定性及定量因素对城镇家庭用水定额影响的重要程度.方法 采用层次分析方法(AHP)建立城镇居民生活用水定额影响因素层次模型,分析各因素重要性构造判断矩阵,进行一次性检验,得出各影响因素权重.结果 气候因子影响最大,权重为0.417;经济因素次之,权重为0.312;水资源因子居第三位,权重为0.171;供水设施因子居第四位,权重为0.063;不同区域及民族用水习惯影响最小,权重为0.037.笔者归纳分析实际用水量数据并与计算结果进行对比,得到AHP计算得到的影响因素权重与实际用水量随各因素变化规律相对符合.结论 使用AHP计算用水定额影响因素权重具有一定的参考价值.%The paper aims to calculate the weight of qualitative and quantitative factors which effect urban domestic water duties. Using analysis hierarchy process (AHP) could get the weight of each effect factor. First built the hierarchical model of urban domestic water duties effect factors; then constructed the judgment matrix of AHP by analyzing the importance of each effect factor;at last,carried out the consistency check. The result shows that the weight of climate factor is the greatest, which is 0.417; the economy factor ranks the second,which is 0. 312;water resource factor lies the third,which is 0. 171;water supply facilities factor is the fourth, which is 0. 063; the habits factor of different regional and ethnic ranks the last, the weight is 0. 037. The researchers analyzed the actual water consumption data and compared it with the calculation results. The calculation results of AHP were consistent with the law that the actual water consumption changes with each effect factor. Thus applying AHP to calculating the weight of effect factors is feasible,which also has a certain reference value.

  2. Information slows down hierarchy growth

    CERN Document Server

    Czaplicka, Agnieszka; Minano, Borja; Trias, Miquel; Holyst, Janusz A

    2013-01-01

    We consider models of a growing tree with the growth process driven by the rules of tournament selection, where a new node is attached to a contestant node at the best hierarchy level (closest to the tree root). The proposed evolution reflects limited information about the network topology that is available for new nodes. Two cases are considered: the constant tournament (CT) model where the number of tournament participants is constant throughout the tree evolution, and the proportional tournament (PT) model where it is grows proportionally to the actual tree size. The results of analytical calculations based on a rate equation fit well to numerical simulations for both models. In the CT model all hierarchy levels emerge in the tree but the birth time of the hierarchy level increases exponentially or faster with level number. The number of nodes at the first hierarchy level (just below the root) grows logarithmically in time, while the size of the last, "worst" hierarchy level oscillates quasi log-periodical...

  3. The ramp or the staircase? A process-hierarchy in post-fire hydrogeomorphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, Gary; Langhans, Christoph; Nyman, Petter; Lane, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    Three decades of data show that annual average post-fire erosion rates vary within se Australian forested landscapes over ca. 4 orders of magnitude from erosion prediction. The dominant erosion processes are observed to depend on infiltration-excess overland flow, and large increases in erosion rates are broadly associated with shifts or "jumps" across erosion process-thresholds. Additional higher- yielding processes are added hierarchically with increased rainfall forcing, starting with raindrop splash, to interill, to rill, to hillslope debris flows, and finally to channel debris flows. In this conceptual framework, the first-order control on the erosion rate results from the combination of system properties and forcing that enables additional erosion processes to be activated in the hierarchy. Second-order controls are process-specific, and explain the remaining variability in erosion rates within each of the processes for a given forcing. Large erosion increases are related to the way in which soil properties, fire severity, hillslope gradient, and channel gradient trigger "jumps" across these process thresholds, which, it is argued, explain the majority of the variability in post-fire erosion rates at headwater catchment scales. The applicability and usefulness of this conceptual framework to erosion prediction in a range of fire affected environments (eg. Western US, Canada, the Mediterranean) will be explored.

  4. Using Analytical Hierarchy Process for Selecting the OptimumWastewater Treatment Process For Dairy Products Factories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gh Asgari

    2014-07-01

    Conclusions: Due to the influence of various parameters in choosing optimal wastewater treatment, Multi-criteria decision-making methods are necessary. Finally, “UASB + Aeration” was found to be the first priority followed by “Anaerobic filter + Aeration”, “Anaerobic lagoon + Aeration (2 + Sedimentation (2”,” Anaerobic filter + Aeration (2 + Sedimentation (2”. “Septic tank + Trickling filter + Aeration” system was found to be less preferable than other options.

  5. Diminished Auditory Responses during NREM Sleep Correlate with the Hierarchy of Language Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furman-Haran, Edna; Arzi, Anat; Levkovitz, Yechiel; Malach, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Natural sleep provides a powerful model system for studying the neuronal correlates of awareness and state changes in the human brain. To quantitatively map the nature of sleep-induced modulations in sensory responses we presented participants with auditory stimuli possessing different levels of linguistic complexity. Ten participants were scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the waking state and after falling asleep. Sleep staging was based on heart rate measures validated independently on 20 participants using concurrent EEG and heart rate measurements and the results were confirmed using permutation analysis. Participants were exposed to three types of auditory stimuli: scrambled sounds, meaningless word sentences and comprehensible sentences. During non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, we found diminishing brain activation along the hierarchy of language processing, more pronounced in higher processing regions. Specifically, the auditory thalamus showed similar activation levels during sleep and waking states, primary auditory cortex remained activated but showed a significant reduction in auditory responses during sleep, and the high order language-related representation in inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) cortex showed a complete abolishment of responses during NREM sleep. In addition to an overall activation decrease in language processing regions in superior temporal gyrus and IFG, those areas manifested a loss of semantic selectivity during NREM sleep. Our results suggest that the decreased awareness to linguistic auditory stimuli during NREM sleep is linked to diminished activity in high order processing stations. PMID:27310812

  6. Diminished Auditory Responses during NREM Sleep Correlate with the Hierarchy of Language Processing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meytal Wilf

    Full Text Available Natural sleep provides a powerful model system for studying the neuronal correlates of awareness and state changes in the human brain. To quantitatively map the nature of sleep-induced modulations in sensory responses we presented participants with auditory stimuli possessing different levels of linguistic complexity. Ten participants were scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI during the waking state and after falling asleep. Sleep staging was based on heart rate measures validated independently on 20 participants using concurrent EEG and heart rate measurements and the results were confirmed using permutation analysis. Participants were exposed to three types of auditory stimuli: scrambled sounds, meaningless word sentences and comprehensible sentences. During non-rapid eye movement (NREM sleep, we found diminishing brain activation along the hierarchy of language processing, more pronounced in higher processing regions. Specifically, the auditory thalamus showed similar activation levels during sleep and waking states, primary auditory cortex remained activated but showed a significant reduction in auditory responses during sleep, and the high order language-related representation in inferior frontal gyrus (IFG cortex showed a complete abolishment of responses during NREM sleep. In addition to an overall activation decrease in language processing regions in superior temporal gyrus and IFG, those areas manifested a loss of semantic selectivity during NREM sleep. Our results suggest that the decreased awareness to linguistic auditory stimuli during NREM sleep is linked to diminished activity in high order processing stations.

  7. Hierarchy of temporal responses of multivariate self-excited epidemic processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saichev, Alexander; Maillart, Thomas; Sornette, Didier

    2013-04-01

    Many natural and social systems are characterized by bursty dynamics, for which past events trigger future activity. These systems can be modelled by so-called self-excited Hawkes conditional Poisson processes. It is generally assumed that all events have similar triggering abilities. However, some systems exhibit heterogeneity and clusters with possibly different intra- and inter-triggering, which can be accounted for by generalization into the "multivariate" self-excited Hawkes conditional Poisson processes. We develop the general formalism of the multivariate moment generating function for the cumulative number of first-generation and of all generation events triggered by a given mother event (the "shock") as a function of the current time t. This corresponds to studying the response function of the process. A variety of different systems have been analyzed. In particular, for systems in which triggering between events of different types proceeds through a one-dimension directed or symmetric chain of influence in type space, we report a novel hierarchy of intermediate asymptotic power law decays ˜ 1/ t 1-( m+1) θ of the rate of triggered events as a function of the distance m of the events to the initial shock in the type space, where 0 < θ < 1 for the relevant long-memory processes characterizing many natural and social systems. The richness of the generated time dynamics comes from the cascades of intermediate events of possibly different kinds, unfolding via random changes of types genealogy.

  8. Integrability, analyticity, isochrony, equilibria, small oscillations, and Diophantine relations: Results from the stationary Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschi, M.; Calogero, F.; Droghei, R.

    2009-12-01

    The isochronous variant is exhibited of the dynamical system corresponding to the Mth ordinary differential equation of the stationary Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy. New Diophantine relations are thereby obtained, in the guise of matrices of arbitrary order having integer eigenvalues or equivalently of polynomials of arbitrary degree having integer zeros. Generalizations of these formulas to relations among rational functions are also obtained. The basic idea to arrive at such relations is not new, but the specific application reported in this paper is new, and it is likely to open the way to several analogous new findings.

  9. Investigation on the Assessment of Learning Effects on the Basis of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for the Net Antagonistic Type in College P.E. Course%基于层次分析模型对隔网对抗性公共体育课学习效果评价体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳芳; 刘婷

    2012-01-01

    采用专家咨询法和问卷调查法,应用层次分析模型,依照新的体育课程纲要及隔网对抗性项群项目特点,构建此项群公共体育课学习效果评价层次体系,确定各层次内因素的内容及各因素所占的权重,并对其进行实验检验,为高校实施体育课学习效果评价提供参考。%Adopting the methods of consulting to experts and questionnaire, backed by AHP method, based on the outline of new "National Program for College P.E. Course" and the characteristics of group projects of the net antagonistic type, this paper is to structure the hierarchy system to assess learning effects in P. E. course, as well as the elements in each level and the proportion each element occupies. It offers reference to College P. E, Course' s Assessment of Learning.

  10. STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN POLDER TAWANG SEBAGAI PENGENDALI BANJIR DENGAN PENDEKATAN ANALYSIS HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deky Aji Suseno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to seek factors causing ineffectiveness of Polder Tawang; the loss due to rob, the need, and the priority scale program in optimizing the polder. Its locus was Semarang city, especially areas located nearby the polder affected by rob such as Johar, Jurnatan, and Tawan station. Data was gathered by conducting interview, observation, and documentation. To analyze the data, description and Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP were employed. The result revealed that there were barriers in the management of Tawang Polder. The internal barriers were the broken water pump, leaking pump, unwaterproof polder, and polder which has less capacity over the water, and area which has less capacity to obsorb the water. The external factors were conflict areas, unwell managed infrastructure and rubbish, and inappropiate drainage system. These conditions led to some losses. They were the two working hours loss, and 11-15% downfall of turnover. Hence, there is a need to manage Tawang Polder either internally or externally. The internal ones are draining pump, waterproof pond, and absorption area determination. The external ones are independent polder management enabling the focus of the work, the involvement of consultant, monitoring , and better participation to optimize the polder. The priority programs resulted from AHP analysis were found to be government policy, infrastructure aspect, social and technical management aspect. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor-faktor penyebab belum efektifnya Polder Tawang meliputi bentuk dan nilai kerugian yang diderita akibat rob,kebutuhan yang diperlukan, skala prioritas optimalisasi. Lokasi penelitian ini adalah Kota Semarang, khusus di daerah – daerah sekitar Polder Tawang yang terkena rob seperti kawasan Johar, Jurnatan, dan Stasiun Tawang. Pengumpulan data dengan wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dan Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP. Hasil

  11. Bonabeau hierarchy models revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Lacasa, L; Lacasa, Lucas; Luque, Bartolo

    2005-01-01

    What basic processes generate hierarchy in a collective? The Bonabeau model provides us a simple mechanism based on randomness which develops self-organization through both winner/looser effects and relaxation process. A phase transition between egalitarian and hierarchic states has been found both analytically and numerically in previous works. In this paper we present a different approach: by means of a discrete scheme we develop a mean field approximation that not only reproduces the phase transition but also allows us to characterize the complexity of hierarchic phase. In the same philosophy, we study a new version of the Bonabeau model, developed by Stauffer et al. Several previous works described numerically the presence of a similar phase transition in this later version. We find surprising results in this model that can be interpreted properly as the non-existence of phase transition in this version of Bonabeau model, but a changing in fixed point structure.

  12. Programming of development of commune with utilization of analytic hierarchic process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Łuczak

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a trial of application of analytical hierarchy process to work out scenarios of development of rural commune of Wielkopolska province. In the proposed method consists in building a hierarchical scheme. The scheme covers the general goal which is ensure best by the multi-functional development in administrative district, specific (basic goals and within each goal, a package of a activities can be distinguished which were the basis to work out scenarios of the development of commune. It allowed to choose the best scenario for the administrative district.

  13. Is Analytic Information Processing a Feature of Expertise in Medicine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Kevin; Rikers, Remy M.; Schmidt, Henk G.

    2008-01-01

    Diagnosing begins by generating an initial diagnostic hypothesis by automatic information processing. Information processing may stop here if the hypothesis is accepted, or analytical processing may be used to refine the hypothesis. This description portrays analytic processing as an optional extra in information processing, leading us to…

  14. A fuzzy analytic hierarchy/data envelopment analysis approach for measuring the relative efficiency of hydrogen R and D programs in the sector of developing hydrogen energy technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seongkon; Kim, Jongwook [Korea Institute of Energy Research (Korea, Republic of). Energy Policy Research Center; Mogi, Gento [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Engineering; Hui, K.S. [Hong Kong City Univ. (China). Manufacturing Engineering and Engineering Management

    2010-07-01

    list of evaluation criteria for assessing and prioritize hydrogen energy technologies in the sector of hydrogen ETRM with finite resources and R and D funds. The criteria are composed of economic impact, commercial potential, inner capacity, and technical spin-off. Hydrogen ETRM supplies primary energy technologies to be developed with a long-term view for the low carbon green growth. We suggest Korea's long-term direction and strategy for developing hydrogen energy technologies in the sector of hydrogen ETRM with the hydrogen economy. The main purpose of this research is to assess the priority of hydrogen energy technologies in the sector of hydrogen ETRM since we allocate and invest R and D budgets strategically as an extended research [1]. In this paper, we focus on the assessment of hydrogen energy technologies econometrically by using an integrated 2- stage approach, which is fuzzy analytic hierarchy (Fuzzy AHP) process and the data envelopment analysis (DEA) in the sector of hydrogen energy technologies. The research results suggest the most efficient hydrogen energy technology is selected by the multi-criteria decision making approach. In addition it also provides Korean hydrogen energy technology policymakers and decision makers with the right hydrogen energy technologies econometrically as they implement a strategic R and D plan. This extended abstract is composed as follows: Section 2 presents the fuzzy sets and numbers, Section 3 includes the Fuzzy AHP concepts. Section 4 presents the DEA approach. Section 5 shows the numerical examples. Finally, Section 6 presents the conclusions. (orig.)

  15. AN ANALYTICAL SOLUTION FOR AN EXPONENTIAL TYPE DISPERSION PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王子亭

    2001-01-01

    The dispersion process in heterogeneous porous media is distance-dependent,which results from multi-scaling property of heterogeneous structure. An analytical model describing the dispersion with an exponential dispersion function is built, which is transformed into ODE problem with variable coefficients, and obtained analytical solution for two type boundary conditions using hypergeometric function and inversion technique.According to the analytical solution and computing results the difference between the exponential dispersion and constant dispersion process is analyzed.

  16. Integrating Fuzzy Delphi with Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process for Multiple Criteria Inventory Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Golam Kabir; Sultana Sumi

    2013-01-01

    A systematic approach to the inventory control and classification may have a significant influence on company competitiveness. In practice, all inventories cannot be controlled with equal attention. In order to efficiently control the inventory items and to determine the suitable ordering policies for them, multiple criteria inventory classification is used. In this paper, a systematic and logical approach is structured for multiple criteria inventory classification through integrating Fuzzy ...

  17. Site selection for Handy Craft Market in South Khorasan Province Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)

    OpenAIRE

    Karami, M; Sh. Choobchian; Kh. Kalantari

    2013-01-01

    Extended abstract1-IntroductionToday, one of the essential issues facing managers and planners is allocating resources to the spots which have the potentials to reserve the capital and provide the society with social and economic interests. In addition, finding a suitable spot has been the main concern of managers and planners, i.e. managers and planners, because of the resource deficiency, prefer to allocate the resources to the best places. In this regard, planners since a long time ago hav...

  18. Multiobjective Optimization in Combinatorial Wind Farms System Integration and Resistive SFCL Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Moghadasi, Amirhasan; Sarwat, Arif; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a positive approach for low voltage ride-through (LVRT) improvement of the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on a large wind power plant (WPP) of 50MW. The proposed method utilizes the conventional current control strategy to provide a reactive power requirement and retain the active power production during and after the fault for the grid codes compliance. Besides that, a resistive superconducting fault current limiter (RSFCL) as an additional self-heali...

  19. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-based Chinese Resident Best Fitness Behavior Method Research

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Lan

    2015-01-01

    With explosive development in Chinese economy and science and technology, people’s pursuit of health becomes more and more intense, therefore Chinese resident sports fitness activities have been rapidly developed. However, different fitness events popularity degrees and effects on body energy consumption are different, so bases on this, the paper researches on fitness behaviors and gets Chinese residents sports fitness behaviors exercise guide, which provides guidance for propelling to nation...

  20. Multiobjective Optimization in Combinatorial Wind Farms System Integration and Resistive SFCL Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moghadasi, Amirhasan; Sarwat, Arif; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a positive approach for low voltage ride-through (LVRT) improvement of the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on a large wind power plant (WPP) of 50MW. The proposed method utilizes the conventional current control strategy to provide a reactive power requirem......This paper presents a positive approach for low voltage ride-through (LVRT) improvement of the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on a large wind power plant (WPP) of 50MW. The proposed method utilizes the conventional current control strategy to provide a reactive power...

  1. HOW DO STUDENTS SELECT SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES? AN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) MODEL

    OpenAIRE

    Chun Meng Tang; Miang Hong Ngerng

    2015-01-01

    Social networking sites are popular among university students, and students today are indeed spoiled for choice. New emerging social networking sites sprout up amid popular sites, while some existing ones die out. Given the choice of so many social networking sites, how do students decide which one they will sign up for and stay on as an active user? The answer to this question is of interest to social networking site designers and marketers. The market of social networking sites is highly co...

  2. THERE IS NO MATHEMATICAL VALIDITY FOR USING FUZZY NUMBER CRUNCHING IN THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Thomas L. SAATY

    2006-01-01

    Fuzzy logic has difficulty producing valid answers in decision-making. Absent are theorems to prove that it works to produce results already known that are being estimated with judgments by transforming such judgments numerically. The numerical representation of judgments in the AHP is already fuzzy. Making fuzzy judgments more fuzzy does not lead to a better more valid outcome and it often leads to a worse one. The compatibility index of the AHP is used to illustrate how the answers obtained by fuzzifying AHP judgments do not produce better results than direct derivation of the principal eigenvector. Other authors who did experiments with given data in decision making quoted in the conclusions section of the paper, have observed that fuzzy sets gives the poorest answers among all methods used to derive best decisions.

  3. PCV 139 - Integrating patient preferences in efficiency frontier analyses using the analytical hierarchy process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hummel, J.M.; Steuten, L.; Til, van J.; IJzerman, M.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: In comparative effectiveness research and economic evaluations, benefits of technologies are measured using multiple outcomes measures. Information lacks however about the importance of these endpoints for patients. We propose a new methodology to integrate patient weighted outcomes in a

  4. SELECTING A COMPETITIVE STRATEGY FOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY USING THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Bondareva; Irina Druzhinina; Róbert Tomčík

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable growth of enterprises, as well as their competitiveness enhancement, is based largely on the formation of strategic potential. To ensure fulfillment of objectives on maintaining or strengthening the competitive position of the company, suitable competitive strategy, as a tool of strategic management, should be selected and implemented. However, optimal strategy should also form the strategic potential, i.e. the vision of how a company can use its reserves to increase competitivene...

  5. Ranking Documents Based on the Semantic Relations Using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali I. El-Dsouky

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth of the World Wide Web comes the need for a fast and accurate way to reach the information required. Search engines play an important role in retrieving the required information for users. Ranking algorithms are an important step in search engines so that the user could retrieve the pages most relevant to his query. In this work, we present a method for utilizing genealogical information from ontology to find the suitable hierarchical concepts for query extension, and ranking web pages based on semantic relations of the hierarchical concepts related to query terms, taking into consideration the hierarchical relations of domain searched (sibling, synonyms and hyponyms by different weighting based on AHP method. So, it provides an accurate solution for ranking documents when compared to the three common methods.

  6. Exploring the use of the Analytic Hierarchy Process for maintenance policy selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goossens, A.J.M.; Basten, R.J.I.; Dongen, van L.A.M.; Steenbergen, R.D.J.M.; Gelder, van P.H.A.J.M.; Miraglia, S.; Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M.

    2013-01-01

    Selecting the right maintenance policy for a capital asset proves to be difficult in practice. A maintenance policy defines which parameters—for example, elapsed time or amount of use—trigger maintenance actions. We have noticed in industry that a new policy does often not bring the desired results

  7. Analytic hierarchy process analysis for choosing a corporate social entrepreneurship strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Hadad Shahrazad

    2015-01-01

    After conducting an extensive analysis of both the specialised literature and practice and identifying three types of corporate social entrepreneurship in my PhD thesis titled “Corporate social entrepreneurship - the new paradigm of reshaping and rethinking business”, I decided to determine which of the three approaches is mostly suited for the Romanian market. The three types of corporate social entrepreneurship: corporate social entrepreneurship as local development tool, corporate social e...

  8. Application of a fuzzy analytical hierarchy process to the prediction of vibration during rock sawing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mikaeil Reza; Ataei Mohammad; Yousefi Reza

    2011-01-01

    A new predictive model for evaluating the vibration of a sawing machine was developed using a new rock classification system.The predictors are machine parameters and a rock sawability index.The new rock classification system includes four major parameters of the rock:uniaxial compressive strength,abrasivity index,mean Moh's hardness,and Young's modulus.The FAHP approach was used when determining the weights of these parameters by six decision makers.Two groups of carbonate rocks were sawn using a fully-instrumented laboratory sawing rig at different feed rates and depths of cut.During the sawing trials system vibration was monitored as a measure of saw performance.Then,a new statistical model was obtained by multiple regression on the machining parameters and the rock sawability index.The model is very useful for the evaluation of the system vibration,and for selecting suitable machining parameters,from a limited set of mechanical properties.

  9. A Fuzzy Delphi-Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach for Ranking of Effective Material Selection Criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Sajad Kazemi; Seyed Mahdi Homayouni; Jay Jahangiri

    2015-01-01

    The ability to select the most appropriate materials for a given application is the fundamental challenge faced by a design engineer. The objective of any material selection procedure is to identify appropriate selection criteria and to obtain the most appropriate combination of criteria in conjunction with requirements. Hence, selection of material is a multicriteria decision making problem. This study investigates and evaluates critical material selection criteria in a priority framework us...

  10. Ranking the technical dimensions of e-banking service quality evaluation models using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NoorMohammad Yaghubi

    Full Text Available With the expansion of internet, delivering e-services are rapidly growing in the bank industry. Therefore improving e-service quality for delivering better services is one of the most important areas of activity for banks. One of the most important aspect ...

  11. Test-Sheet Composition Using Analytic Hierarchy Process and Hybrid Metaheuristic Algorithm TS/BBO

    OpenAIRE

    Hong Duan; Wei Zhao; Gaige Wang; Xuehua Feng

    2012-01-01

    Due to the shortcomings in the traditional methods which dissatisfy the examination requirements in composing test sheet, a new method based on tabu search (TS) and biogeography-based optimization (BBO) is proposed. Firstly, according to the requirements of the test-sheet composition such as the total score, test time, chapter score, knowledge point score, question type score, cognitive level score, difficulty degree, and discrimination degree, a multi constrained multiobjective model of test...

  12. Explicit Design of Innovation Performance Metrics by Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Expansion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song-Kyoo Kim

    2014-01-01

    performance of companies. By applying AHP Expansion framework, the innovation performance measurement factors can be prioritized and descending-order rank list of the performance factors can be made in order to select the best strategies to improve the innovativeness of companies. This new framework of innovation measurement is targeted for implementation at the actual analysis for innovation competitiveness of companies and expected to provide the milestones of measuring the innovation more effectively.

  13. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Approach for Assessment of Urban Renewal Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Grace K. L.; Chan, Edwin H. W.

    2008-01-01

    The problem of urban decay in Hong Kong is getting worse recently; therefore, the importance of urban renewal in improving the physical environment conditions and the living standards of the citizens is widely recognized in the territory. However, it is not an easy task for the Hong Kong Government to prepare welcome urban renewal proposals…

  14. Robot Selection Using Analytic Hierarchy Process and System Of Equations of Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Naveen kumar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem of robot selection plays an important key role concern to various fields of different applications since three decades. This problem has become more difficult in recent years due to increasing complexity of applications of the environment, features and specifications, and facilities offered by various manufactures. The primary objective of this paper is to select the suitable type of robot based on various factors such as type of application, payload, working environment, accuracy, lifespan, weight, purchasing cost etc. The selection procedure is developed for selection of particular type of robot based evaluating the various alternative selection factors using AHP technique and systems of equations of the matrices i.e. Eigen values and Eigen vectors. The ranking evolution will provide a good guidance for the robot selection to the end user. The concept of this work is an attempt has been made to create exhaustive database for identifying maximum possible number of attributes.

  15. Pressure analysis for green supply chain management implementation in Indian industries using analytic hierarchy process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiyazhagan, K.; Govindan, Kannan; Noorul Haq, A.

    2014-01-01

    and diverse, and demands new levels of accountability, financial commitment and supply chain capabilities. Indian manufacturing industries have started adopting green concepts in their supply chain management giving special attention to environmental issues based on pressures from different directions, e.......g. customer pressure, government regulations etc. Yet, industries struggle hard to identify essential pressures for implementation of GSCM. This work focuses mainly on identifying such pressures for implementation of GSCM. Initially 65 pressures were identified through detailed literature and categorised...

  16. Selecting Renewable Energy Sources for Small Island Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)

    OpenAIRE

    Emir, Fırat

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT: In this modern era, energy became a necessity product in order to have a good quality in life, human development and growth in economy. However, most of the countries’ energy sectors depend on the importation of primary energy products from other countries which reduces the growth rate and the quality of life of the home country. Moreover, this dependency jeopardizes these factors. Small island countries, which are not integrated to main land, have some restrictions in their economi...

  17. Evaluation methodology for comparing memory and communication of analytic processes in visual analytics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragan, Eric D [ORNL; Goodall, John R [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Provenance tools can help capture and represent the history of analytic processes. In addition to supporting analytic performance, provenance tools can be used to support memory of the process and communication of the steps to others. Objective evaluation methods are needed to evaluate how well provenance tools support analyst s memory and communication of analytic processes. In this paper, we present several methods for the evaluation of process memory, and we discuss the advantages and limitations of each. We discuss methods for determining a baseline process for comparison, and we describe various methods that can be used to elicit process recall, step ordering, and time estimations. Additionally, we discuss methods for conducting quantitative and qualitative analyses of process memory. By organizing possible memory evaluation methods and providing a meta-analysis of the potential benefits and drawbacks of different approaches, this paper can inform study design and encourage objective evaluation of process memory and communication.

  18. Geobiology of the Critical Zone: the Hierarchies of Process, Form and Life provide an Integrated Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotterill, Fenton P. D.

    2016-04-01

    ways in how ecological fidelity of biodiversity maps on to landforms and their patchy environments, and this interplay has in turn acted to anchor evolutionary signals in the millions of individual species. The antiquity of African landscapes holds exciting opportunities for interdisciplinary explorations seeking mechanistic tests of this interplay between Process, Form and Life. The time is ripe to study African landforms and biota as a coevolving complex. Key words: ontology, hierarchy theory, Individuality Thesis, Ghiselin, geobiology, geoecodynamics

  19. The influence of retrieval practice on metacognition: The contribution of analytic and non-analytic processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Tyler M; Geraci, Lisa

    2016-05-01

    People may change their memory predictions after retrieval practice using naïve theories of memory and/or by using subjective experience - analytic and non-analytic processes respectively. The current studies disentangled contributions of each process. In one condition, learners studied paired-associates, made a memory prediction, completed a short-run of retrieval practice and made a second prediction. In another condition, judges read about a yoked learners' retrieval practice performance but did not participate in retrieval practice and therefore, could not use non-analytic processes for the second prediction. In Study 1, learners reduced their predictions following moderately difficult retrieval practice whereas judges increased their predictions. In Study 2, learners made lower adjusted predictions than judges following both easy and difficult retrieval practice. In Study 3, judge-like participants used analytic processes to report adjusted predictions. Overall, the results suggested non-analytic processes play a key role for participants to reduce their predictions after retrieval practice.

  20. The influence of retrieval practice on metacognition: The contribution of analytic and non-analytic processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Tyler M; Geraci, Lisa

    2016-05-01

    People may change their memory predictions after retrieval practice using naïve theories of memory and/or by using subjective experience - analytic and non-analytic processes respectively. The current studies disentangled contributions of each process. In one condition, learners studied paired-associates, made a memory prediction, completed a short-run of retrieval practice and made a second prediction. In another condition, judges read about a yoked learners' retrieval practice performance but did not participate in retrieval practice and therefore, could not use non-analytic processes for the second prediction. In Study 1, learners reduced their predictions following moderately difficult retrieval practice whereas judges increased their predictions. In Study 2, learners made lower adjusted predictions than judges following both easy and difficult retrieval practice. In Study 3, judge-like participants used analytic processes to report adjusted predictions. Overall, the results suggested non-analytic processes play a key role for participants to reduce their predictions after retrieval practice. PMID:26985881

  1. Application of Analytic Hierarchy Proces in the Risk Management of University Students' Innovative Undertaking Project%层次分析法在大学生创新创业项目风险管理中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文果发; 李梦华; 钟映竑

    2016-01-01

    根据大学生创新创业项目风险评判问题,建立了大学生创新创业项目风险评判的指标体系,运用模糊数学理论中的层次分析法,运用yaahp10.2软件进行模型构建以及数据的统计分析,确定各指标的优先次序,为大学生创业者提供一种较为科学、客观的指标评判以及参考方法。%According to the risk evaluation problem of college students' innovative undertaking project, the index system of college students' innovative undertaking project risk evaluation is established. The analytic hierarchy process of the fuzzy mathematics and the modeling and statistical analysis of the data of yaahp10.2 software are used to determine the priorities of each index. It provides a more scientific and objective reference of the index evaluation method for college students entrepreneurs.

  2. Participatory hierarchies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Marianne; Bloch-Poulsen, Jørgen

    2016-01-01

    projects works in the interface between communication and organisation. Third, the methodological purpose is to show that handling of these participatory hierarchies ought to become a goal in OAR projects to be included along with producing practical and theoretical results. The article argues......This article focuses on employee participation in organisational action research (OAR), presenting three examples of OAR in one private and two public organisations in Denmark, respectively. Each of these examples shows how participatory hierarchies between employees and between them and action...... be understood as a contextualising mechanism. That is, partners and action researchers produce new project contexts by their ways of speaking, acting, and organisng. These new contexts are always already embedded in several simultaneous, organisational and societal contexts. This means that participation in OAR...

  3. Delegation Within Hierarchies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dobrajska, Magdalena; Billinger, Stephan; Karim, Samina

    2015-01-01

    We investigate trade-offs associated with delegating authority over multiple interrelated decisions in a complex task structure. The empirical setting is a business process of a global Fortune 50 firm. The firm decentralized its organization and redefined decision authority across organizational...... hierarchies between 2008 and 2011. We employ regression analysis of microlevel data on the allocation of decision authority between formal and real authority, and further on the organization design of 761 decision tasks within a hierarchy. Our findings show how the specialization of decision......-relevant knowledge, the matching of required knowledge and managers’ expertise, and information processing intensity affect (a) the occurrence of delegation and, (b) if delegation occurs, how far down the organizational hierarchy authority is delegated. We discuss how these findings complement existing theories...

  4. Pellet manufacturing by extrusion-spheronization using process analytical technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandler, Niklas; Rantanen, Jukka; Heinämäki, Jyrki;

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the phase transitions occurring in nitrofurantoin and theophylline formulations during pelletization by extrusion-spheronization. An at-line process analytical technology (PAT) approach was used to increase the understanding of the solid-state behavior...... hydrate (nitrofurantoin), dehydration was observed at higher temperatures. To reach an understanding of the process and to find the critical process parameters, the use of complementary analytical techniques are absolutely necessary when signals from APIs and different excipients overlap each other....

  5. Intersubjectivity and the creation of meaning in the analytic process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Christian

    2014-11-01

    By means of a clinical illustration, the author describes how the intersubjective exchanges involved in an analytic process facilitate the representation of affects and memories which have been buried in the unconscious or indeed have never been available to consciousness. As a result of projective identificatory processes in the analytic relationship, in this example the analyst falls into a situation of helplessness which connects with his own traumatic experiences. Then he gets into a formal regression of the ego and responds with a so-to-speak hallucinatory reaction-an internal image which enables him to keep the analytic process on track and, later on, to construct an early traumatic experience of the analysand.

  6. Analytical solution for soil water redistribution during evaporation process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Jidong; Yasufuku, Noriyuki; Liu, Qiang; Liu, Shiyu

    2013-01-01

    Simulating the dynamics of soil water content and modeling soil water evaporation are critical for many environmental and agricultural strategies. The present study aims to develop an analytical solution to simulate soil water redistribution during the evaporation process. This analytical solution was derived utilizing an exponential function to describe the relation of hydraulic conductivity and water content on pressure head. The solution was obtained based on the initial condition of saturation and an exponential function to model the change of surface water content. Also, the evaporation experiments were conducted under a climate control apparatus to validate the theoretical development. Comparisons between the proposed analytical solution and experimental result are presented from the aspects of soil water redistribution, evaporative rate and cumulative evaporation. Their good agreement indicates that this analytical solution provides a reliable way to investigate the interaction of evaporation and soil water profile. PMID:24355839

  7. Models of random graph hierarchies

    CERN Document Server

    Paluch, Robert; Holyst, Janusz

    2015-01-01

    We introduce two models of inclusion hierarchies: Random Graph Hierarchy (RGH) and Limited Random Graph Hierarchy (LRGH). In both models a set of nodes at a given hierarchy level is connected randomly, as in the Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'{e}nyi random graph, with a fixed average degree equal to a system parameter $c$. Clusters of the resulting network are treated as nodes at the next hierarchy level and they are connected again at this level and so on, until the process cannot continue. In the RGH model we use all clusters, including those of size $1$, when building the next hierarchy level, while in the LRGH model clusters of size $1$ stop participating in further steps. We find that in both models the number of nodes at a given hierarchy level $h$ decreases approximately exponentially with $h$. The height of the hierarchy $H$, i.e. the number of all hierarchy levels, increases logarithmically with the system size $N$, i.e. with the number of nodes at the first level. The height $H$ decreases monotonically with the conne...

  8. Analytical advantages of multivariate data processing. One, two, three, infinity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivieri, Alejandro C

    2008-08-01

    Multidimensional data are being abundantly produced by modern analytical instrumentation, calling for new and powerful data-processing techniques. Research in the last two decades has resulted in the development of a multitude of different processing algorithms, each equipped with its own sophisticated artillery. Analysts have slowly discovered that this body of knowledge can be appropriately classified, and that common aspects pervade all these seemingly different ways of analyzing data. As a result, going from univariate data (a single datum per sample, employed in the well-known classical univariate calibration) to multivariate data (data arrays per sample of increasingly complex structure and number of dimensions) is known to provide a gain in sensitivity and selectivity, combined with analytical advantages which cannot be overestimated. The first-order advantage, achieved using vector sample data, allows analysts to flag new samples which cannot be adequately modeled with the current calibration set. The second-order advantage, achieved with second- (or higher-) order sample data, allows one not only to mark new samples containing components which do not occur in the calibration phase but also to model their contribution to the overall signal, and most importantly, to accurately quantitate the calibrated analyte(s). No additional analytical advantages appear to be known for third-order data processing. Future research may permit, among other interesting issues, to assess if this "1, 2, 3, infinity" situation of multivariate calibration is really true. PMID:18613646

  9. The Fragility of Individual-Based Explanations of Social Hierarchies: A Test Using Animal Pecking Orders.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan D Chase

    Full Text Available The standard approach in accounting for hierarchical differentiation in biology and the social sciences considers a hierarchy as a static distribution of individuals possessing differing amounts of some valued commodity, assumes that the hierarchy is generated by micro-level processes involving individuals, and attempts to reverse engineer the processes that produced the hierarchy. However, sufficient experimental and analytical results are available to evaluate this standard approach in the case of animal dominance hierarchies (pecking orders. Our evaluation using evidence from hierarchy formation in small groups of both hens and cichlid fish reveals significant deficiencies in the three tenets of the standard approach in accounting for the organization of dominance hierarchies. In consequence, we suggest that a new approach is needed to explain the organization of pecking orders and, very possibly, by implication, for other kinds of social hierarchies. We develop an example of such an approach that considers dominance hierarchies to be dynamic networks, uses dynamic sequences of interaction (dynamic network motifs to explain the organization of dominance hierarchies, and derives these dynamic sequences directly from observation of hierarchy formation. We test this dynamical explanation using computer simulation and find a good fit with actual dynamics of hierarchy formation in small groups of hens. We hypothesize that the same dynamic sequences are used in small groups of many other animal species forming pecking orders, and we discuss the data required to evaluate our hypothesis. Finally, we briefly consider how our dynamic approach may be generalized to other kinds of social hierarchies using the example of the distribution of empty gastropod (snail shells occupied in populations of hermit crabs.

  10. The Fragility of Individual-Based Explanations of Social Hierarchies: A Test Using Animal Pecking Orders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The standard approach in accounting for hierarchical differentiation in biology and the social sciences considers a hierarchy as a static distribution of individuals possessing differing amounts of some valued commodity, assumes that the hierarchy is generated by micro-level processes involving individuals, and attempts to reverse engineer the processes that produced the hierarchy. However, sufficient experimental and analytical results are available to evaluate this standard approach in the case of animal dominance hierarchies (pecking orders). Our evaluation using evidence from hierarchy formation in small groups of both hens and cichlid fish reveals significant deficiencies in the three tenets of the standard approach in accounting for the organization of dominance hierarchies. In consequence, we suggest that a new approach is needed to explain the organization of pecking orders and, very possibly, by implication, for other kinds of social hierarchies. We develop an example of such an approach that considers dominance hierarchies to be dynamic networks, uses dynamic sequences of interaction (dynamic network motifs) to explain the organization of dominance hierarchies, and derives these dynamic sequences directly from observation of hierarchy formation. We test this dynamical explanation using computer simulation and find a good fit with actual dynamics of hierarchy formation in small groups of hens. We hypothesize that the same dynamic sequences are used in small groups of many other animal species forming pecking orders, and we discuss the data required to evaluate our hypothesis. Finally, we briefly consider how our dynamic approach may be generalized to other kinds of social hierarchies using the example of the distribution of empty gastropod (snail) shells occupied in populations of hermit crabs. PMID:27410230

  11. Functional Analytic Psychotherapy for Interpersonal Process Groups: A Behavioral Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoekstra, Renee

    2008-01-01

    This paper is an adaptation of Kohlenberg and Tsai's work, Functional Analytical Psychotherapy (1991), or FAP, to group psychotherapy. This author applied a behavioral rationale for interpersonal process groups by illustrating key points with a hypothetical client. Suggestions are also provided for starting groups, identifying goals, educating…

  12. MODEL ANALYTICAL NETWORK PROCESS (ANP DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PARIWISATA DI JEMBER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukidin Sukidin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak    : Model Analytical Network Process (ANP dalam Pengembangan Pariwisata di Jember. Penelitian ini mengkaji kebijakan pengembangan pariwisata di Jember, terutama kebijakan pengembangan agrowisata perkebunan kopi dengan menggunakan Jember Fashion Carnival (JFC sebagai event marketing. Metode yang digunakan adalah soft system methodology dengan menggunakan metode analitis jaringan (Analytical Network Process. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa pengembangan pariwisata di Jember masih dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan konvensional, belum terkoordinasi dengan baik, dan lebih mengandalkan satu even (atraksi pariwisata, yakni JFC, sebagai lokomotif daya tarik pariwisata Jember. Model pengembangan konvensional ini perlu dirancang kembali untuk memperoleh pariwisata Jember yang berkesinambungan. Kata kunci: pergeseran paradigma, industry pariwisata, even pariwisata, agrowisata Abstract: Analytical Network Process (ANP Model in the Tourism Development in Jember. The purpose of this study is to conduct a review of the policy of tourism development in Jember, especially development policies for coffee plantation agro-tourism by using Jember Fashion Carnival (JFC as event marketing. The research method used is soft system methodology using Analytical Network Process. The result shows that the tourism development in Jember is done using a conventional approach, lack of coordination, and merely focus on a single event tourism, i.e. the JFC, as locomotive tourism attraction in Jember. This conventional development model needs to be redesigned to reach Jember sustainable tourism development. Keywords: paradigm shift, tourism industry, agro-tourism

  13. Lyophilization: a useful approach to the automation of analytical processes?

    OpenAIRE

    de Castro, M. D. Luque; Izquierdo, A

    1990-01-01

    An overview of the state-of-the-art in the use of lyophilization for the pretreatment of samples and standards prior to their storage and/or preconcentration is presented. The different analytical applications of this process are dealt with according to the type of material (reagent, standard, samples) and matrix involved.

  14. SensePath: understanding the sensemaking process through analytic provenance

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Phong H; Xu, Kai; Wheat, Ashley; Wong, B. L. William; Attfield, Simon; Fields, Bob

    2016-01-01

    Sensemaking is described as the process of comprehension, finding meaning and gaining insight from information, producing new knowledge and informing further action. Understanding the sensemaking process allows building effective visual analytics tools to make sense of large and complex datasets. Currently, it is often a manual and time-consuming undertaking to comprehend this: researchers collect observation data, transcribe screen capture videos and think-aloud recordings, identify recurrin...

  15. APLIKASI ANALYTIC NETWORK PROCESS (ANP PADA PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA (Studi Kasus pada PT. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the application of Analytic Network Process (ANP to support the weighted of design performance measurement system with Balanced Scorecard method. During the time, the weighted uses method that disregarding interdependence between objectives strategy and Key Performance Indicator (KPI's. The method which often used in this weighted is Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. In fact this condition does not express the concept of strategy map of Balanced Scorecard. Therefore is needed apply the other weighted method which attention to the interdependence between Key Performance Indicator (KPI. Application of the weighted with ANP method is conducted at one of the power company. This company represents result of restructuring of PT. PLN (Persero. The result of design performance measurement system of PT. X are objective strategy, Key Performance Indicator (KPI and strategy map, will be weighted by method of ANP. Further more Modeling of ANP based on strategy map. The result of application indicates that related of model of strategy map in Balanced Scorecard at PT. X is Feedback Network (hiernet with phenomenon of inner and dependence of outer dependence. The perspective on Balanced Scorecard is identically with cluster on ANP, while objective strategy and KPI are identically with sub-element and element. Result of weighted with ANP method shows the existence of culmination of weighted on financial perspective of Strategy Map at PT. X. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini membahas aplikasi Analytic Network Process (ANP untuk mendukung pembobotan pada perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan metode Balanced Scorecard. Selama ini, pembobotan yang ada menggunakan metode yang mengabaikan saling keterkaitan antar strategi objektif dengan Key Performance Indicator (KPI-KPI -nya. Metode yang sering digunakan didalam pembobotan ini adalah Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Kondisi ini sebenarnya tidak mencerminkan konsep Strategy Map

  16. An analytical approach to managing complex process problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramstad, Kari; Andersen, Espen; Rohde, Hans Christian; Tydal, Trine

    2006-03-15

    The oil companies are continuously investing time and money to ensure optimum regularity on their production facilities. High regularity increases profitability, reduces workload on the offshore organisation and most important; - reduces discharge to air and sea. There are a number of mechanisms and tools available in order to achieve high regularity. Most of these are related to maintenance, system integrity, well operations and process conditions. However, for all of these tools, they will only be effective if quick and proper analysis of fluids and deposits are carried out. In fact, analytical backup is a powerful tool used to maintain optimised oil production, and should as such be given high priority. The present Operator (Hydro Oil and Energy) and the Chemical Supplier (MI Production Chemicals) have developed a cooperation to ensure that analytical backup is provided efficiently to the offshore installations. The Operator's Research and Development (R and D) departments and the Chemical Supplier have complementary specialties in both personnel and equipment, and this is utilized to give the best possible service when required from production technologists or operations. In order for the Operator's Research departments, Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) departments and Operations to approve analytical work performed by the Chemical Supplier, a number of analytical tests are carried out following procedures agreed by both companies. In the present paper, three field case examples of analytical cooperation for managing process problems will be presented. 1) Deposition in a Complex Platform Processing System. 2) Contaminated Production Chemicals. 3) Improved Monitoring of Scale Inhibitor, Suspended Solids and Ions. In each case the Research Centre, Operations and the Chemical Supplier have worked closely together to achieve fast solutions and Best Practice. (author) (tk)

  17. Roll levelling semi-analytical model for process optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvestre, E.; Garcia, D.; Galdos, L.; Saenz de Argandoña, E.; Mendiguren, J.

    2016-08-01

    Roll levelling is a primary manufacturing process used to remove residual stresses and imperfections of metal strips in order to make them suitable for subsequent forming operations. In the last years the importance of this process has been evidenced with the apparition of Ultra High Strength Steels with strength > 900 MPa. The optimal setting of the machine as well as a robust machine design has become critical for the correct processing of these materials. Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis is the widely used technique for both aspects. However, in this case, the FEM simulation times are above the admissible ones in both machine development and process optimization. In the present work, a semi-analytical model based on a discrete bending theory is presented. This model is able to calculate the critical levelling parameters i.e. force, plastification rate, residual stresses in a few seconds. First the semi-analytical model is presented. Next, some experimental industrial cases are analyzed by both the semi-analytical model and the conventional FEM model. Finally, results and computation times of both methods are compared.

  18. Hierarchial mark?recapture models: a framework for inference about demographic processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Link, W.A.; Barker, R.J.

    2004-01-01

    The development of sophisticated mark?recapture models over the last four decades has provided fundamental tools for the study of wildlife populations, allowing reliable inference about population sizes and demographic rates based on clearly formulated models for the sampling processes. Mark?recapture models are now routinely described by large numbers of parameters. These large models provide the next challenge to wildlife modelers: the extraction of signal from noise in large collections of parameters. Pattern among parameters can be described by strong, deterministic relations (as in ultrastructural models) but is more flexibly and credibly modeled using weaker, stochastic relations. Trend in survival rates is not likely to be manifest by a sequence of values falling precisely on a given parametric curve; rather, if we could somehow know the true values, we might anticipate a regression relation between parameters and explanatory variables, in which true value equals signal plus noise. Hierarchical models provide a useful framework for inference about collections of related parameters. Instead of regarding parameters as fixed but unknown quantities, we regard them as realizations of stochastic processes governed by hyperparameters. Inference about demographic processes is based on investigation of these hyperparameters. We advocate the Bayesian paradigm as a natural, mathematically and scientifically sound basis for inference about hierarchical models. We describe analysis of capture?recapture data from an open population based on hierarchical extensions of the Cormack?Jolly?Seber model. In addition to recaptures of marked animals, we model first captures of animals and losses on capture, and are thus able to estimate survival probabilities n (i.e., the complement of death or permanent emigration) and per capita growth rates f (i.e., the sum of recruitment and immigration rates). Covariation in these rates, a feature of demographic interest, is explicitly

  19. ANALYTICAL HIERARCHICAL PROCESS BASED SYSTEM FOR IMAGE FUSION

    OpenAIRE

    Ashok Kumar; Amruta Shelar; Jim Etheredge; Sandhya Prakash; Sudhansh Sharma; MP Mishra

    2015-01-01

    Image fusion has been rapidly gaining importance in application areas such as medical imaging, remote sensing, robotics, navigation and the military. This has led to emergence of several algorithms for image fusion for generating more precise images. This paper presents a novel approach of selecting best image fusion algorithm for a given scenario using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) involving eigen vectors. Evaluations of the proposed approach indicate higher quality of fu...

  20. ANALYTICAL HIERARCHICAL PROCESS BASED SYSTEM FOR IMAGE FUSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Kumar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Image fusion has been rapidly gaining importance in application areas such as medical imaging, remote sensing, robotics, navigation and the military. This has led to emergence of several algorithms for image fusion for generating more precise images. This paper presents a novel approach of selecting best image fusion algorithm for a given scenario using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP involving eigen vectors. Evaluations of the proposed approach indicate higher quality of fused images.

  1. THE USE OF ONLINE ANALYTICAL PROCESSING (OLAP) FOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE

    OpenAIRE

    brahim Halil Seyrek

    2007-01-01

    The extensive use of information technology enables organizations to collect huge amounts of data about almost every aspect of their businesses. This large amount of data has a potential to provide valuable information to organizations so that they can maintain and improve their competitive position. Today, the problem for organizations is not data collection but extraction of meaning from the data they have collected. Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a set of tools to extract useful in...

  2. Effectiveness Evaluation of Command Information System Operation Based on Hierarchy-grey Analytic Method%基于灰色层次法的指挥信息系统作战效能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇红超; 王俊勇; 李圣杰

    2012-01-01

    Commencing with the concept of command information system, several effectiveness evaluation methods of systems are summarized and some localization and applicability of current effectiveness evaluation methods are indicated. An improved effectiveness evaluation method, namely, hierarchy-grey analytic method is introduced based on the grey system theory and the basic steps of hierarchy-grey analytic method for evaluation are described, which the exactitude and the utility of this method for evaluating the effectiveness of command informa- tion system is proved by the given grey evaluation example.%从指挥信息系统的概念人手介绍了目前评估系统效能的各种方法,指出了它们各有其适用性和局限性,并依据灰色系统理论介绍了一种改进的评估方法:灰色层次分析法,描述了利用该方法进行评估的基本步骤。通过给出一个灰色评估案例,验证了应用灰色层次分析法来评估指挥信息系统作战效能的正确性和实用性。

  3. "Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

    2007-08-24

    While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

  4. Kohnen's limit process for real-analytic Siegel modular forms

    OpenAIRE

    Bringmann, Kathrin; Raum, Martin; Richter, Olav K.

    2012-01-01

    Kohnen introduced a limit process for Siegel modular forms that produces Jacobi forms. He asked if there is a space of real-analytic Siegel modular forms such that skew-holomorphic Jacobi forms arise via this limit process. In this paper, we initiate the study of harmonic skew-Maass-Jacobi forms and harmonic Siegel-Maass forms. We improve a result of Maass on the Fourier coefficients of harmonic Siegel-Maass forms, which allows us to establish a connection to harmonic skew-Maass-Jacobi forms....

  5. Analytical processing of binary mixture information by olfactory bulb glomeruli.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max L Fletcher

    Full Text Available Odors are rarely composed of a single compound, but rather contain a large and complex variety of chemical components. Often, these mixtures are perceived as having unique qualities that can be quite different than the combination of their components. In many cases, a majority of the components of a mixture cannot be individually identified. This synthetic processing of odor information suggests that individual component representations of the mixture must interact somewhere along the olfactory pathway. The anatomical nature of sensory neuron input into segregated glomeruli with the bulb suggests that initial input of odor information into the bulb is analytic. However, a large network of interneurons within the olfactory bulb could allow for mixture interactions via mechanisms such as lateral inhibition. Currently in mammals, it is unclear if postsynaptic mitral/tufted cell glomerular mixture responses reflect the analytical mixture input, or provide the initial basis for synthetic processing with the olfactory system. To address this, olfactory bulb glomerular binary mixture representations were compared to representations of each component using transgenic mice expressing the calcium indicator G-CaMP2 in olfactory bulb mitral/tufted cells. Overall, dorsal surface mixture representations showed little mixture interaction and often appeared as a simple combination of the component representations. Based on this, it is concluded that dorsal surface glomerular mixture representations remain largely analytical with nearly all component information preserved.

  6. Classification of user interfaces for graph-based online analytical processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelis, James R.

    2016-05-01

    In the domain of business intelligence, user-oriented software for conducting multidimensional analysis via Online- Analytical Processing (OLAP) is now commonplace. In this setting, datasets commonly have well-defined sets of dimensions and measures around which analysis tasks can be conducted. However, many forms of data used in intelligence operations - deriving from social networks, online communications, and text corpora - will consist of graphs with varying forms of potential dimensional structure. Hence, enabling OLAP over such data collections requires explicit definition and extraction of supporting dimensions and measures. Further, as Graph OLAP remains an emerging technique, limited research has been done on its user interface requirements. Namely, on effective pairing of interface designs to different types of graph-derived dimensions and measures. This paper presents a novel technique for pairing of user interface designs to Graph OLAP datasets, rooted in Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) driven comparisons. Attributes of the classification strategy are encoded through an AHP ontology, developed in our alternate work and extended to support pairwise comparison of interfaces. Specifically, according to their ability, as perceived by Subject Matter Experts, to support dimensions and measures corresponding to Graph OLAP dataset attributes. To frame this discussion, a survey is provided both on existing variations of Graph OLAP, as well as existing interface designs previously applied in multidimensional analysis settings. Following this, a review of our AHP ontology is provided, along with a listing of corresponding dataset and interface attributes applicable toward SME recommendation structuring. A walkthrough of AHP-based recommendation encoding via the ontology-based approach is then provided. The paper concludes with a short summary of proposed future directions seen as essential for this research area.

  7. Technical Reviews on Pattern Recognition in Process Analytical Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pattern recognition is one of the first and the most widely adopted chemometric tools among many active research area in chemometrics such as design of experiment(DoE), pattern recognition, multivariate calibration, signal processing. Pattern recognition has been used to identify the origin of a wine and the time of year that the vine was grown by using chromatography, cause of fire by using GC/MS chromatography, detection of explosives and land mines, cargo and luggage inspection in seaports and airports by using a prompt gamma-ray activation analysis, and source apportionment of environmental pollutant by using a stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Recently, pattern recognition has been taken into account as a major chemometric tool in the so-called 'process analytical technology (PAT)', which is a newly-developed concept in the area of process analytics proposed by US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA). For instance, identification of raw material by using a pattern recognition analysis plays an important role for the effective quality control of the production process. Recently, pattern recognition technique has been used to identify the spatial distribution and uniformity of the active ingredients present in the product such as tablet by transforming the chemical data into the visual information

  8. H CANYON PROCESSING IN CORRELATION WITH FH ANALYTICAL LABS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinheimer, E.

    2012-08-06

    Management of radioactive chemical waste can be a complicated business. H Canyon and F/H Analytical Labs are two facilities present at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, SC that are at the forefront. In fact H Canyon is the only large-scale radiochemical processing facility in the United States and this processing is only enhanced by the aid given from F/H Analytical Labs. As H Canyon processes incoming materials, F/H Labs provide support through a variety of chemical analyses. Necessary checks of the chemical makeup, processing, and accountability of the samples taken from H Canyon process tanks are performed at the labs along with further checks on waste leaving the canyon after processing. Used nuclear material taken in by the canyon is actually not waste. Only a small portion of the radioactive material itself is actually consumed in nuclear reactors. As a result various radioactive elements such as Uranium, Plutonium and Neptunium are commonly found in waste and may be useful to recover. Specific processing is needed to allow for separation of these products from the waste. This is H Canyon's specialty. Furthermore, H Canyon has the capacity to initiate the process for weapons-grade nuclear material to be converted into nuclear fuel. This is one of the main campaigns being set up for the fall of 2012. Once usable material is separated and purified of impurities such as fission products, it can be converted to an oxide and ultimately turned into commercial fuel. The processing of weapons-grade material for commercial fuel is important in the necessary disposition of plutonium. Another processing campaign to start in the fall in H Canyon involves the reprocessing of used nuclear fuel for disposal in improved containment units. The importance of this campaign involves the proper disposal of nuclear waste in order to ensure the safety and well-being of future generations and the environment. As processing proceeds in the fall, H Canyon will have a substantial

  9. Sistem Informasi Manajemen Beasiswa ITS Berbasis Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Menggunakan Metode Analytical Hierachy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalu Nuzlul Kirom

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Proses seleksi beasiswa di ITS Surabaya selama ini dilakukan oleh bagian kemahasiswaan ITS yang dibantu oleh bagian kemahasiswaan tingkat fakultas. Dalam proses seleksi tersebut, pihak kemahasiswaan dibantu oleh sistem informasi beasiswa yang berisi database penerima beasiswa di ITS. Proses seleksi yang dilakukan oleh kemahasiswaan adalah dengan memilah-milah berkas yang dikumpulkan oleh pendaftar beasiswa sembari mengecek database terkait status beasiswa dari mahasiswa bersangkutan. Dengan jumlah pendaftar yang bisa mencapai ribuan mahasiswa, maka proses seleksi tersebut menyita banyak waktu karyawan dan hasilnyapun kurang valid. Untuk itulah dibutuhkan suatu sistem pendukung keputusan untuk memberi pertimbangan pihak kemahasiswaan dalam menyeleksi beasiswa. Dalam tugas akhir ini akan didesain suatu sistem informasi manajemen beasiswa (Simba berbasis sistem pendukung keputusan dengan metode  Analytical Hierarchy Process. Sistem pendukung keputusan pada Simba ini akan mengurutkan prioritas penerima beasiswa sesuai dengan kriteria yang ditentukan pengambil keputusan. Pengambil keputusan dapat memberikan pandangan dan memasukkan penilaian berdasarkan pengalaman mereka. Dengan demikian, sistem informasi manajemen beasiswa berbasis sistem pendukung keputusan ini mampu membantu pihak pengelola beasiswa ITS untuk menentukan alternatif terbaik penerima beasiswa sesuai kondisi yang diharapkan. Sistem ini juga membantu pihak pengelola beasiswa dan mahasiswa ITS dalam proses pendaftaran dan penginformasian beasiswa.

  10. Higher-Order Hierarchies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2003-01-01

    . Finally, it must be possible to write generic code that works on every hierarchy derived from the hierarchy for which it was written. This paper presents a language design that supports such a notion of higher-order hierarchies. It has been implemented in context of a full-fledged, statically typed...... be possible to create hierarchies incrementally based on existing hierarchies, such that commonalities are expressed via reuse, not duplication. Second, the hierarchies must themselves be organized into hierarchies, such that their relationships are made explicit and can be exploited in a type safe manner...... language....

  11. Evaluation of options for energy recovery from municipal solid waste in India using the hierarchical analytical network process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a Hierarchical Analytical Network Process (HANP) model is demonstrated for evaluating alternative technologies for generating electricity from MSW in India. The technological alternatives and evaluation criteria for the HANP study are characterised by reviewing the literature and consulting experts in the field of waste management. Technologies reviewed in the context of India include landfill, anaerobic digestion, incineration, pelletisation and gasification. To investigate the sensitivity of the result, we examine variations in expert opinions and carry out an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) analysis for comparison. We find that anaerobic digestion is the preferred technology for generating electricity from MSW in India. Gasification is indicated as the preferred technology in an AHP model due to the exclusion of criteria dependencies and in an HANP analysis when placing a high priority on net output and retention time. We conclude that HANP successfully provides a structured framework for recommending which technologies to pursue in India, and the adoption of such tools is critical at a time when key investments in infrastructure are being made. Therefore the presented methodology is thought to have a wider potential for investors, policy makers, researchers and plant developers in India and elsewhere. - Highlights: • We evaluate alternative technologies for generating electricity from waste. • The methodology we develop is based on the analytical network process. • Assessment is made against technical, financial, environmental and risk criteria. • Anaerobic digestion and gasification are the preferred technologies for India. • The method reduces risk and ensures sustainability in energy project planning

  12. Analgtic Hierarchy Process based SWOT analysis on passenger ship safety%基于层次分析法的客运船舶安全管理SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海山

    2015-01-01

    In view of the lack of quantitative analysis in the analysis of passenger ships safety management,the paper combines the SWOT analysis with the analytic hierarchy process,establishes a relatively complete system framework incorperating both qualitative and quantitative aspects,analyzes the major factors affecting passenger ship safety,and proposes relevant safety control plans.%针对客运船舶安全管理分析中缺少定量分析的不足,将SWOT分析法和层次分析法结合起来,建立一个较为完整的定性与定量相结合的系统框架,分析影响客运船舶安全的重要因素,提出客运船舶安全监管方案.

  13. Establishing Use Ratio Model of Books in Library with Analysis Hierarchy Process Method%利用层次分析法建立图书馆的图书利用率模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈时佶; 罗振东

    2013-01-01

    根据图书馆的图书借阅状况,利用层次分析法建立图书利用率模型,给出图书利用率的计算公式,从而给出图书的使用效果估测,为管理者对图书投资和采购提供决策。%According to the library's book lending conditions, a use ratio model of books is established by using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and a calculation formula of books use rate is given. Thus, the use effect estimates of books is provided so that it can offer managers decisions for investment and purchasing books.

  14. Technical Reviews on Design of Experiment in Process Analytical Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Design of experiment (DOE)' provides the information on the relationship between the different factors affecting a experiment and the output of that experiment in a very efficient and accurate way. DOE also can provides the basis for the standard operation procedure of the process, and the selection criteria for raw materials, instruments, and measurement methods by understanding the underlying important variables and by determining the optimum conditions. Since 1970s, DOE has been considered as one of the quality management tools in so-called '6-Sigma', which is adopted actively in many major companies in Korea for the improvement of the all sorts of qualities throughout management, marketing, office, research and development. Process analytical technology (PAT) is a new concept in the field of process analytics proposed by US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) in Oct. 2002. US FDA encouraged the pharmaceutical industries to implement PAT in the pharmaceutical industry through 'GMPs for the 21st Centry' and the guidance 'PAT - A Framework for Innovative Pharmaceutical Manufacture and Quality Assurance'. PAT has drawn much attention from pharmaceutical industries in response to the US FDA's PAT initiative

  15. THE USE OF ONLINE ANALYTICAL PROCESSING (OLAP FOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    brahim Halil Seyrek

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The extensive use of information technology enables organizations to collect huge amounts of data about almost every aspect of their businesses. This large amount of data has a potential to provide valuable information to organizations so that they can maintain and improve their competitive position. Today, the problem for organizations is not data collection but extraction of meaning from the data they have collected. Online Analytical Processing (OLAP is a set of tools to extract useful information from raw data. This paper explains OLAP concepts and techniques and gives examples using a hypothetical business scenario. Suggestions for organizations are also provided.

  16. SensePath: Understanding the Sensemaking Process Through Analytic Provenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phong H; Xu, Kai; Wheat, Ashley; Wong, B L William; Attfield, Simon; Fields, Bob

    2016-01-01

    Sensemaking is described as the process of comprehension, finding meaning and gaining insight from information, producing new knowledge and informing further action. Understanding the sensemaking process allows building effective visual analytics tools to make sense of large and complex datasets. Currently, it is often a manual and time-consuming undertaking to comprehend this: researchers collect observation data, transcribe screen capture videos and think-aloud recordings, identify recurring patterns, and eventually abstract the sensemaking process into a general model. In this paper, we propose a general approach to facilitate such a qualitative analysis process, and introduce a prototype, SensePath, to demonstrate the application of this approach with a focus on browser-based online sensemaking. The approach is based on a study of a number of qualitative research sessions including observations of users performing sensemaking tasks and post hoc analyses to uncover their sensemaking processes. Based on the study results and a follow-up participatory design session with HCI researchers, we decided to focus on the transcription and coding stages of thematic analysis. SensePath automatically captures user's sensemaking actions, i.e., analytic provenance, and provides multi-linked views to support their further analysis. A number of other requirements elicited from the design session are also implemented in SensePath, such as easy integration with existing qualitative analysis workflow and non-intrusive for participants. The tool was used by an experienced HCI researcher to analyze two sensemaking sessions. The researcher found the tool intuitive and considerably reduced analysis time, allowing better understanding of the sensemaking process. PMID:26357398

  17. SensePath: Understanding the Sensemaking Process Through Analytic Provenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phong H; Xu, Kai; Wheat, Ashley; Wong, B L William; Attfield, Simon; Fields, Bob

    2016-01-01

    Sensemaking is described as the process of comprehension, finding meaning and gaining insight from information, producing new knowledge and informing further action. Understanding the sensemaking process allows building effective visual analytics tools to make sense of large and complex datasets. Currently, it is often a manual and time-consuming undertaking to comprehend this: researchers collect observation data, transcribe screen capture videos and think-aloud recordings, identify recurring patterns, and eventually abstract the sensemaking process into a general model. In this paper, we propose a general approach to facilitate such a qualitative analysis process, and introduce a prototype, SensePath, to demonstrate the application of this approach with a focus on browser-based online sensemaking. The approach is based on a study of a number of qualitative research sessions including observations of users performing sensemaking tasks and post hoc analyses to uncover their sensemaking processes. Based on the study results and a follow-up participatory design session with HCI researchers, we decided to focus on the transcription and coding stages of thematic analysis. SensePath automatically captures user's sensemaking actions, i.e., analytic provenance, and provides multi-linked views to support their further analysis. A number of other requirements elicited from the design session are also implemented in SensePath, such as easy integration with existing qualitative analysis workflow and non-intrusive for participants. The tool was used by an experienced HCI researcher to analyze two sensemaking sessions. The researcher found the tool intuitive and considerably reduced analysis time, allowing better understanding of the sensemaking process.

  18. Model and Analytic Processes for Export License Assessments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, Sandra E.; Whitney, Paul D.; Weimar, Mark R.; Wood, Thomas W.; Daly, Don S.; Brothers, Alan J.; Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Cook, Diane; Holder, Larry

    2011-09-29

    This paper represents the Department of Energy Office of Nonproliferation Research and Development (NA-22) Simulations, Algorithms and Modeling (SAM) Program's first effort to identify and frame analytical methods and tools to aid export control professionals in effectively predicting proliferation intent; a complex, multi-step and multi-agency process. The report focuses on analytical modeling methodologies that alone, or combined, may improve the proliferation export control license approval process. It is a follow-up to an earlier paper describing information sources and environments related to international nuclear technology transfer. This report describes the decision criteria used to evaluate modeling techniques and tools to determine which approaches will be investigated during the final 2 years of the project. The report also details the motivation for why new modeling techniques and tools are needed. The analytical modeling methodologies will enable analysts to evaluate the information environment for relevance to detecting proliferation intent, with specific focus on assessing risks associated with transferring dual-use technologies. Dual-use technologies can be used in both weapons and commercial enterprises. A decision-framework was developed to evaluate which of the different analytical modeling methodologies would be most appropriate conditional on the uniqueness of the approach, data availability, laboratory capabilities, relevance to NA-22 and Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation (NA-24) research needs and the impact if successful. Modeling methodologies were divided into whether they could help micro-level assessments (e.g., help improve individual license assessments) or macro-level assessment. Macro-level assessment focuses on suppliers, technology, consumers, economies, and proliferation context. Macro-level assessment technologies scored higher in the area of uniqueness because less work has been done at the macro level. An

  19. Evaluation of Analytical Modeling Functions for the Phonation Onset Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petermann, Simon; Kniesburges, Stefan; Ziethe, Anke; Schützenberger, Anne; Döllinger, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The human voice originates from oscillations of the vocal folds in the larynx. The duration of the voice onset (VO), called the voice onset time (VOT), is currently under investigation as a clinical indicator for correct laryngeal functionality. Different analytical approaches for computing the VOT based on endoscopic imaging were compared to determine the most reliable method to quantify automatically the transient vocal fold oscillations during VO. Transnasal endoscopic imaging in combination with a high-speed camera (8000 fps) was applied to visualize the phonation onset process. Two different definitions of VO interval were investigated. Six analytical functions were tested that approximate the envelope of the filtered or unfiltered glottal area waveform (GAW) during phonation onset. A total of 126 recordings from nine healthy males and 210 recordings from 15 healthy females were evaluated. Three criteria were analyzed to determine the most appropriate computation approach: (1) reliability of the fit function for a correct approximation of VO; (2) consistency represented by the standard deviation of VOT; and (3) accuracy of the approximation of VO. The results suggest the computation of VOT by a fourth-order polynomial approximation in the interval between 32.2 and 67.8% of the saturation amplitude of the filtered GAW.

  20. Evaluation of Analytical Modeling Functions for the Phonation Onset Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petermann, Simon; Kniesburges, Stefan; Ziethe, Anke; Schützenberger, Anne; Döllinger, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The human voice originates from oscillations of the vocal folds in the larynx. The duration of the voice onset (VO), called the voice onset time (VOT), is currently under investigation as a clinical indicator for correct laryngeal functionality. Different analytical approaches for computing the VOT based on endoscopic imaging were compared to determine the most reliable method to quantify automatically the transient vocal fold oscillations during VO. Transnasal endoscopic imaging in combination with a high-speed camera (8000 fps) was applied to visualize the phonation onset process. Two different definitions of VO interval were investigated. Six analytical functions were tested that approximate the envelope of the filtered or unfiltered glottal area waveform (GAW) during phonation onset. A total of 126 recordings from nine healthy males and 210 recordings from 15 healthy females were evaluated. Three criteria were analyzed to determine the most appropriate computation approach: (1) reliability of the fit function for a correct approximation of VO; (2) consistency represented by the standard deviation of VOT; and (3) accuracy of the approximation of VO. The results suggest the computation of VOT by a fourth-order polynomial approximation in the interval between 32.2 and 67.8% of the saturation amplitude of the filtered GAW. PMID:27066108