WorldWideScience

Sample records for analysis based lng

  1. Evaluation of sloshing resistance performance for LNG carrier insulation system based on fluid-structure interaction analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chi-Seung; Cho, Jin-Rae; Kim, Wha-Soo; Noh, Byeong-Jae; Kim, Myung-Hyun; Lee, Jae-Myung

    2013-03-01

    In the present paper, the sloshing resistance performance of a huge-size LNG carrier's insulation system is evaluated by the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis. To do this, the global-local analysis which is based on the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method is adopted to accurately calculate the structural behavior induced by internal LNG sloshing of a KC-1 type LNG carrier insulation system. During the global analysis, the sloshing flow and hydrodynamic pressure of internal LNG are analyzed by postulating the flexible insulation system as a rigid body. In addition, during the local analysis, the local hydroelastic response of the LNG carrier insulation system is computed by solving the local hydroelastic model where the entire and flexible insulation system is adopted and the numerical analysis results of the global analysis such as initial and boundary conditions are implemented into the local finite element model. The proposed novel analysis techniques can potentially be used to evaluate the structural integrity of LNG carrier insulation systems.

  2. Comparison between reverse Brayton and Kapitza based LNG boil-off gas reliquefaction system using exergy analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochunni, Sarun Kumar; Chowdhury, Kanchan

    2017-02-01

    LNG boil-off gas (BOG) reliquefaction systems in LNG carrier ships uses refrigeration devices which are based on reverse Brayton, Claude, Kapitza (modified Claude) or Cascade cycles. Some of these refrigeration devices use nitrogen as the refrigerants and hence nitrogen storage vessels or nitrogen generators needs to be installed in LNG carrier ships which consume space and add weight to the carrier. In the present work, a new configuration based on Kapitza liquefaction cycle which uses BOG itself as working fluid is proposed and has been compared with Reverse Brayton Cycle (RBC) on sizes of heat exchangers and compressor operating parameters. Exergy analysis is done after simulating at steady state with Aspen Hysys 8.6® and the comparison between RBC and Kapitza may help designers to choose reliquefaction system with appropriate process parameters and sizes of equipment. With comparable exergetic efficiency as that of an RBC, a Kaptiza system needs only BOG compressor without any need of nitrogen gas.

  3. Trends in world LNG supply through 2030. A model-based analysis; Entwicklung des weltweiten LNG-Angebots bis 2030. Eine modellgestuetzte Analyse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seeliger, A. [Trianel European Energy Trading GmbH, Aachen (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    The contribution presents selected findings of the LNG supply model MAGELAN. It investigates the trends in the gas market through 2030 and the share of marine transport of LNG by tanker vessels. (orig.)

  4. 基于灰色关联分析的LNG接收终端人因事故辨识方法%Human accidents identification method of LNG receiving terminal based on grey relational analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐涛龙; 姚安林; 曾祥国; 李又绿; 蒋宏业

    2011-01-01

    Onshore LNG receiving terminal is an important facility in offshore LNG import system. According to the growing human accidents of LNG receiving terminals in China at present, based on the HFACS analysis of accident causation model which had been used in the aviation accident investigation, the impact factors of human accidents were divided into five categories, which contain personal factors, group factors, environmental factors, supervision and organizational factors, and the human accidents identification method of LNG receiving terminal was obtained based on grey relational analysis of gray theory. Finally, the method was applied to identify the accidents happened in an LNG receiving terminal, and it was found that the main insecurity events were "the una-wareness of security" in "personal factors" by calculating the grey relational grade. This method overcomes the disadvantage due to the small sample of accident data, which has certain guiding sense to safeguard the safety operation of LNG receiving terminals.%陆岸LNG接收终端是LNG海上进口系统中的重要设施.针对我国LNG接收终端人因事故不断增多的现状,基于航空事故调查分析中的HFACS事故致因分析模型,将人因事故的影响因素归纳为个人因素、人际因素、环境因素、监督因素和组织因素五大类,结合灰色理论中的灰色关联分析,得到了LNG接收终端人因事故辨识方法.最后,运用该方法对某LNG接收终端人因事故进行辨识,通过灰关联度的计算,找出其最主要的不安全事件来自“个人因素”中的个人“安全意识不强”.此方法克服了小样本事故数据带来的弊端,对保障LNG接收终端的安全运行具有一定的指导意义.

  5. Guidance on risk analysis and safety implications of a large liquefied natural gas (LNG) spill over water.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellman, Gerald William; Melof, Brian Matthew; Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine; Hightower, Marion Michael; Covan, John Morgan; Gritzo, Louis Alan; Irwin, Michael James; Kaneshige, Michael Jiro; Morrow, Charles W.

    2004-12-01

    While recognized standards exist for the systematic safety analysis of potential spills or releases from LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) storage terminals and facilities on land, no equivalent set of standards or guidance exists for the evaluation of the safety or consequences from LNG spills over water. Heightened security awareness and energy surety issues have increased industry's and the public's attention to these activities. The report reviews several existing studies of LNG spills with respect to their assumptions, inputs, models, and experimental data. Based on this review and further analysis, the report provides guidance on the appropriateness of models, assumptions, and risk management to address public safety and property relative to a potential LNG spill over water.

  6. LNG project - contractual aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, Bruno Almeida

    2008-07-01

    This paper intends to provide from the legal point of view an outline of the main challenges of a LNG project in the upstream, regulatory aspects, liquefaction, financing and midstream through a basic checklist; an overview of the contractual complexity of a LNG project; some basic discussion of particular LNG contract clauses; and a comparative analysis between the classic clauses of a Gas Transportation Agreement (GTA) through a gas pipeline and LNG logistic. (author)

  7. Exergy of LNG regasification - possible utilization method. Case study of LNG - ANG coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roszak, E. A.; Chorowski, M.

    2014-01-01

    This article gives an overview on new exergy recovery methods for LNG. The concept is based on coupling the LNG regasification unit with the filling process of Adsorbed Natural Gas (ANG) tanks. The latent heat of the LNG vaporization is directly used for precooling the ANG adsorption bed. This reduces the back pressure from filling ANG tanks due to strong adsorption temperature dependency. This improves the economic attractiveness of ANG storage (no need for compressors, longer lifetime cycle of adsorbent). This case study presents the concept of LNG - ANG coupling. Presented results are based on experimental adsorption data. A brief exergy analysis of the process shows an advantage of this method over others. This LNG-ANG method is worth consideration as a cost optimizing solution, especially for periodically working regasification stations.

  8. 基于AQWA的大型LNG船码头系泊分析%Analysis of the large LNG ships moored against a quay based on AQWA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡毅; 胡紫剑; 刘元丹; 刘敬喜

    2012-01-01

    随着船舶吨位的迅速增加,大型船舶码头系泊的安全性越来越受到人们的关注.本文应用多体水动力学软件AQWA,研究了大型LNG船码头系泊时,在风、浪、流联合载荷作用下船舶的运动响应,得到了LNG船码头系泊时整体运动响应及系缆绳所受张力.研究结果可为同类船舶在码头系泊时提供参考.研究方法可作为分析船舶码头系泊的一种新方法.%With the rapid increase of tonnage, more and more people pay attention to the ships'mooring against a quay. This paper applied body dynamics software AQWA for the large LNG ships dock mooring. With the joint loaded ship motion response in the wind, wave and flow, the LNG ships dock mooring total motion response and mooring ropes by tension were obtained. The result for the similar ship at the dock provides was the reference of the mooring lines. The method can be used to analyze ships dock mooring of a new method.

  9. 拖网渔船LNG单燃料动力系统的设计%Design of LNG-Based Power System for Trawler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裘继承

    2014-01-01

    本文以LNG单燃料动力拖网渔船为例,主要介绍LNG动力系统的设计:LNG动力系统的安全设计、LNG动力管系的设计、LNG冷能利用。%This paper introduces the design of LNG-based power system for trawler, including the safety design of LNG power system, LNG power piping, and LNG cold energy utilization.

  10. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) dispenser verification device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Maotao; Yang, Jie-bin; Zhao, Pu-jun; Yu, Bo; Deng, Wan-quan

    2013-01-01

    The composition of working principle and calibration status of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) dispenser in China are introduced. According to the defect of weighing method in the calibration of LNG dispenser, LNG dispenser verification device has been researched. The verification device bases on the master meter method to verify LNG dispenser in the field. The experimental results of the device indicate it has steady performance, high accuracy level and flexible construction, and it reaches the international advanced level. Then LNG dispenser verification device will promote the development of LNG dispenser industry in China and to improve the technical level of LNG dispenser manufacture.

  11. 基于ANSYS的LNG超低温增压调节阀流体仿真分析%The Finite Element Analysis of the Cryogenic Increase-pressure Control Valve in LNG Based on ANSYS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王二强; 钟小艳; 赵文峰; 段贤晖

    2015-01-01

    Currently, the Cryogenic Increase-pressure Control Valve in LNG mostly use imported products in the domestic. The price of which is high, and the delivery cycle is long. In order to break through the key technology of the Cryogenic Increase-pressure Control Valve in LNG to reduce product maintenance and repair costs. This article introduces the characteristics of the Cryogenic Increase-pressure Con-trol Valve used in liquefied natural gas(LNG),operating principle, the structural feature and finite element analysis.%LNG超低温增压调节阀门目前大都是使用进口产品,国内对LNG超低温增压调节阀门技术掌握还处于初步阶段。进口的超低温增压调节阀门不仅供货周期长,而且价格昂贵,特别是配件不能在短时间内解决,使国内LNG行业的发展受到严重制约。为了突破LNG超低温增压调节阀门关键技术,降低产品维修、检修费用,该文设计了一种液化天然气用LNG超低温增压调节阀门,介绍了其工作原理、结构特性和有限元仿真分析。

  12. Preconditions for the development of land-based infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG / LBG); Foerutsaettningar foer utbyggnad av landbaserad infrastruktur foer flytande gas (LNG/LBG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stenkvist, Maria; Paradis, Hanna; Haraldsson, Kristina; Beijer, Ronja; Stensson, Peter (AaF Industry AB(Sweden))

    2011-06-15

    . It is also likely that in the coming years there will be almost ten filling stations for liquid methane in operation in southern Sweden. The market analysis shows that several industries in the iron and steel industry are already interested in converting to LNG, mainly to cope with environmental demands. Also in the chemical industry there is an interest in using LNG, while many of the companies in the pulp and paper industry do not see LNG as a particularly attractive option. The latter have access to their own fuel and several companies have also adopted policies aiming at becoming fossil fuel free in the near future. The total conversion potential to replace oil with LNG industry amounted to 6.8 TWh/year, divided among 100 users. The greatest potential is in central Sweden (Dalarna, Gaevleborg, Vaermland) and along the Norrland coast. With today's distribution system, including truck delivery from import terminals in Nynaeshamn and Fredrikstad, virtually the entire southern Sweden is within reach of LNG deliveries. Transport distance is too long to be economically feasible to supply industries in central and northern Sweden. To provide these regions with LNG the intermodal freight terminals in Gaevle, Sundsvall and Luleaa would be able to function as strategic hubs. These three terminals covering the areas and industries that according to the market analysis is most interesting for LNG supplies, and are all well connected both by road, rail and seaway, allowing for transfer between different modes. All harbours also have the potential to qualify for receiving LNG deliveries by ship. There is also an interest in using liquid methane for heavy transport and coaches/intercity buses, because the distribution of liquid methane is cost effective, and the vehicles get longer range due to the high energy density of liquid methane. Yet, however, the availability of vehicles is limited and the infrastructure is not developed, but both the availability of vehicles and

  13. Fatigue reliability for LNG carrier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Taoyun; Zhang Qin; Jin Wulei; Xu Shuai

    2011-01-01

    The procedure of reliability-based fatigue analysis of liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier of membrane type under wave loads is presented. The stress responses of the hotspots in regular waves with different wave heading angles and wave lengths are evaluated by global ship finite element method (FEM). Based on the probabilistic distribution function of hotspots' short-term stress-range using spectral-based analysis, Weibull distribution is adopted and discussed for fitting the long-term probabilistic distribution of stress-range. Based on linear cumulative damage theory, fatigue damage is characterized by an S-N relationship, and limit state function is established. Structural fatigue damage behavior of several typical hotspots of LNG middle ship section is clarified and reliability analysis is performed. It is believed that the presented results and conclusions can be of use in calibration for practical design and initial fatigue safety evaluation for membrane type LNG carrier.

  14. Preconditions for the development of land-based infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG / LBG); Foerutsaettningar foer utbyggnad av landbaserad infrastruktur foer flytande gas (LNG/LBG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stenkvist, Maria; Paradis, Hanna; Haraldsson, Kristina; Beijer, Ronja; Stensson, Peter (AaF Industry AB(Sweden))

    2011-06-15

    . It is also likely that in the coming years there will be almost ten filling stations for liquid methane in operation in southern Sweden. The market analysis shows that several industries in the iron and steel industry are already interested in converting to LNG, mainly to cope with environmental demands. Also in the chemical industry there is an interest in using LNG, while many of the companies in the pulp and paper industry do not see LNG as a particularly attractive option. The latter have access to their own fuel and several companies have also adopted policies aiming at becoming fossil fuel free in the near future. The total conversion potential to replace oil with LNG industry amounted to 6.8 TWh/year, divided among 100 users. The greatest potential is in central Sweden (Dalarna, Gaevleborg, Vaermland) and along the Norrland coast. With today's distribution system, including truck delivery from import terminals in Nynaeshamn and Fredrikstad, virtually the entire southern Sweden is within reach of LNG deliveries. Transport distance is too long to be economically feasible to supply industries in central and northern Sweden. To provide these regions with LNG the intermodal freight terminals in Gaevle, Sundsvall and Luleaa would be able to function as strategic hubs. These three terminals covering the areas and industries that according to the market analysis is most interesting for LNG supplies, and are all well connected both by road, rail and seaway, allowing for transfer between different modes. All harbours also have the potential to qualify for receiving LNG deliveries by ship. There is also an interest in using liquid methane for heavy transport and coaches/intercity buses, because the distribution of liquid methane is cost effective, and the vehicles get longer range due to the high energy density of liquid methane. Yet, however, the availability of vehicles is limited and the infrastructure is not developed, but both the availability of vehicles and

  15. Qualitative Risk Assessment for an LNG Refueling Station and Review of Relevant Safety Issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siu, N.; Herring, J.S.; Cadwallader, L.; Reece, W.; Byers, J.

    1998-02-01

    This report is a qualitative assessment of the public and worker risk involved with the operation of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) vehicle refueling facility. This study includes facility maintenance and operations, tank truck deliveries, and end-use vehicle fueling; it does not treat the risks of LNG vehicles on roadways. Accident initiating events are identified by using a Master Logic Diagram, a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis, and historical operating experiences. The event trees were drawn to depict possible sequences of mitigating events following the initiating events. The phenomenology of LNG and other vehicle fuels is discussed to characterize the hazard posed by LNG usage. Based on the risk modeling and analysis, recommendations are given to improve the safety of LNG refueling stations in the areas of procedures and training, station design, and the dissemination of ``best practice`` information throughout the LNG community.

  16. Interim qualitative risk assessment for an LNG refueling station and review of relevant safety issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siu, N.; Herring, S.; Cadwallader, L.; Reece, W.; Byers, J.

    1997-07-01

    This report is a qualitative assessment of the public and worker risk involved with the operation of a liquefied natural (LNG) vehicle refueling facility. This study includes facility maintenance and operations, tanker truck delivers and end-use vehicle fueling; it does not treat the risks of LNG vehicles on roadways. Accident initiating events are identified by using a Master Logic Diagram, a Failure Modes and Effects analysis and historical operating experiences. The event trees were drawn to depict possible sequences of mitigating events following the initiating events. The phenomenology of LNG and other vehicle fuels is discussed to characterize the hazard posed by LNG usage. Based on the risk modeling and analysis, recommendations are given to improve the safety of LNG refueling stations in the areas of procedures and training, station design, and the dissemination of best practice information throughout the LNG community.

  17. Environmental and Economic aspects of using LNG as a fuel for shipping in The Netherlands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verbeek, R.; Kadijk, G.; Van Mensch, P.; Wulffers, C.; Van den Beemt, B.; Fraga, F.

    2011-03-15

    A study was conducted to investigate the environmental aspects, and to a lesser extent economic aspects, of using LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) as a fuel for different types of ships. The study was supported by the Dutch Maritime Innovation Programme (MIP) and 12 industrial stakeholders. The investigation was carried out as a case study for three different types of ships which have their base in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The three evaluated cases are: (1) a short sea ship: an 800 TEU container feeder; (2) a port ship: an 80 ton harbour tug; (3) a 110 x 11.5 m inland ship. The environmental aspects include greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutant emissions. The GHG emission comparison included three LNG chains and three diesel fuel chains (HFO (Heavy Fuel Oil), MDO/MGO (Marine Diesel Oil / Marine Gas Oil) and EN590 (automotive diesel fuel type)). In addition a limited economic analysis was done, comparing the potential fuel cost savings of LNG with the additional costs of LNG powered vessels. The LNG chains considered are: LNG from Peakshaver Rotterdam: Pipeline gas from the North Sea; LNG supplied by LNG carrier from the Middle East (Qatar); LNG from Peakshaver Rotterdam: Pipeline gas from Russia (7000 km). The last chain is not a realistic option for direct LNG supply to Rotterdam and is merely added for reference.

  18. Process study and exergy analysis of a novel air separation process cooled by LNG cold energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Wendong; Duan, Jiao; Mao, Wenjun

    2014-02-01

    In order to resolve the problems of the current air separation process such as the complex process, cumbersome operation and high operating costs, a novel air separation process cooled by LNG cold energy is proposed in this paper, which is based on high-efficiency heat exchanger network and chemical packing separation technology. The operating temperature range of LNG cold energy is widened from 133K-203K to 113K-283K by high-efficiency heat exchanger network and air separation pressure is declined from 0.5MPa to about 0.35MPa due to packing separation technology, thereby greatly improve the energy efficiency. Both the traditional and novel air separation processes are simulated with air handling capacity of 20t·h-1. Comparing with the traditional process, the LNG consumption is reduced by 44.2%, power consumption decrease is 211.5 kWh per hour, which means the annual benefit will be up to 1.218 million CNY. And the exergy efficiency is also improved by 42.5%.

  19. Explore policies to stimulate Bio LNG using a social cost benefit analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van den Borne, B.

    2015-01-01

    In the joint vision on the future energy mix LNG and bio LNG are being referred to as important opportunities for the Dutch economy to sustain heavy road transport fuels. New policies have to be developed to stimulate a transition to bio LNG in the Netherlands. The economic and societal effects of t

  20. 大型 LNG 储罐泄漏事故后果分析%Consequence Analysis of Leakage Accident of Large LNG Storage Tank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞志东; 吴建林

    2016-01-01

    Natural gas is a kind of high quality ,high efficiency ,clean energy ,Which is widely used in various industries .In order to use natural gas Conveniently ,some coastal cities in our country have built many large LNG storage tanks .Liquefied natural gas is the flammable and explosive dangerous goods ,so once a tank leaks ,it may cause very serious consequences .The PHAST software ,once being input the real scene at the time of an accident ,can calculate and analyze the diffusion ,the flash fire ,the fire disaster ,or the explosion immediately , quickly determining the leakage ,diffusion ,combustion and explosion hazard area ,and measuring the personnel death radius ,serious injury radius and minor injury radius caused by the fire thermal radiation and explosion pressure .Analysis of the accident can help receiving sta-tions intuitively understand the degree of danger after the accident so as to take corresponding measures .%天然气是一种优质、高效的清洁能源,广泛地应用于各个行业中。我国部分沿海城市已建造了大型 LNG 接收站,运用PHAST 软件,输入发生事故时的真实场景,可对 LNG 储罐泄漏事故后果进行计算和分析,从而确定泄漏、扩散、燃烧和爆炸等危险区域范围。分析结果能帮助接收站直观了解发生事故后的危险程度,进而能够针对性地采取相应的安全措施。

  1. Application and analysis of LNG cold energy for hybrid fishing vessel%混合动力渔船LNG冷量的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏鹏威; 张建一; 詹鋆

    2012-01-01

    液化天然气(LNC)是清洁能源,同时又蕴含大量冷量,我国已经提出渔船推广使用LNG作为动力燃料.目前,渔船制冷能耗占全船能耗30%-40%.为了确定混合动力渔船中LNG的应用优势,本文结合实际生产中的50m型围网渔船进行了计算分析.结果显示,在该型渔船上采用柴油/天然气混合动力,替油率80%时每年可节省燃料费用61万元.将LNG冷量用于冷海水系统,每天可制取0℃冷海水10.4t,减少冷海水制冷系统工作时长1.6h,部分冷量用于系统的过冷循环,可使系统COP提高5.2%.分析表明,利用混合动力渔船的LNG冷能可显著节能,降低营运成本.%Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) is a clean energy with a lot of cold energy.Its use as engine fuel for fishing vessel is promoted currently in China.The energy consumption of refrigeration system in fishing vessels has accounted for 30% to 40% in total energy consumption.In order to determine the advantage of LNG applications in hybrid fishing vessel,some calculation and analysis are conducted based on 50 m model purse seine vessel.The results show that 610 thousands yuan can be saved annually if 80% of diesel oil is replaced by LNG on this type of fishing vessels.Meanwhile,10.4 t cold seawater in 0℃ can be produced and 1.6 hour of the system's working time can be reduced each day by use of the LNG cold energy.The COP can be improved by 5.2% when the surplus LNG cold energy is used for subcooled cycle of the refrigeration system.Energy cost can be significantly reduced by use of LNG cold energy in the hybrid fishing vessels based on the analysis.

  2. LNG REGASIFICATION TERMINALS ACCESS CAPACITY ANALYSIS FOR SECURITY OF EUROPEAN NATURAL GAS SUPPLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matija Veselić

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Increasing natural gas consumption, declining North Sea gas reserves, increased production costs and the deregulation of European gas and electricity markets have all combined to create new opportunities for LNG in Europe. In these circumstances, LNG represents an opportunity for many European countries to diversify their natural gas supply, while decreasing their dependence on Russian natural gas import at the same time. The largest exporters of LNG to Europe are Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, Trinidad & Tobago, Egypt and Oman. Spain, Great Britain and France are the largest European importers of LNG. Spain has six LNG regasification terminals, followed by four in Great Britain, three in France, two in Italy and Turkey and finally Greece and Portugal with one terminal each. New LNG regasification terminals are currently under construction in Italy, Spain, Sweden and Netherlands. In addition, more than 30 new LNG terminal projects have been proposed around Europe. Italy plans to construct as many as 10 new regasification terminals, due to the strong orientation of its national energy policy towards LNG. Many European countries are strongly considering participating in the LNG chain for the first time, namely Albania, Cyprus, Ireland, Lithuania, Germany, Poland, Romania, Ukraine and Croatia. This paper focuses on a specific aspect of the LNG supply chain: the import facility (the paper is published in Croatian.

  3. 日本电力产业LNG供需状况浅析%Analysis of LNG Demand and Supply in Japan’s Power Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙军

    2014-01-01

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the current situation of LNG in Japan’s electric power sector and extends an analysis of LNG demand and supply in Japan’s power industry after the East Japan earthquake. Then a descrip-tion is given about Japan’s LNG purchase prices. Finally, possible measures are discussed about how to keep LNG demand and supply equilibrium and build rational LNG price mechanism.%简要介绍了日本电力产业LNG的现状,并对东日本大地震后日本电力产业LNG的需求和供给状况进行了分析,说明了日本LNG的采购价格,进而阐述了保持LNG供需平衡、建立合理价格机制的可行办法。

  4. LNG vehicle technology, economics, and safety assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powars, Charles A.; Moyer, Carl B.; Lowell, Douglas D.

    1994-02-01

    Liquid natural gas (LNG) is an attractive transportation fuel because of its high heating value and energy density (i.e., Btu/lb. and Btu/gal.), clean burning characteristics, relatively low cost ($/Btu), and domestic availability. This research evaluated LNG vehicle and refueling system technology, economics, and safety. Prior and current LNG vehicle projects were studied to identify needed technology improvements. Life-cycle cost analyses considered various LNG vehicle and fuel supply options. Safety records, standards, and analysis methods were reviewed. The LNG market niche is centrally fueled heavy-duty fleet vehicles with high fuel consumption. For these applications, fuel cost savings can amortize equipment capital costs.

  5. LNG加气机技术浅析%Technical analysis of LNG filling machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈璐; 王涛

    2015-01-01

    This paper firstly describes the application status of LNG filling machine,briefly introduces LNG filling machine process and its structure,then analyzes the types,advantages and disadvantages of LNG flow meter,and finally gives some advices of selecting LNG filling machine.%介绍了LNG加气机使用现状,简述了LNG加气机工艺流程及结构,分析了LNG流量计的类型及优缺点,对LNG加气机的选用提出了建议。

  6. Theoretical and experimental validation study on automotive air-conditioning based on heat pipe and LNG cold energy for LNG-fueled heavy vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Dong; Cheng, Jiang-ping; Zhang, Sheng-chang; Ge, Fang-gen

    2017-03-01

    As a clean fuel, LNG has been used in heavy vehicles widely in China. Before reaching the engine for combustion, LNG store in a high vacuum multi-layer thermal insulation tank and need to be evaporated from its cryogenic state to natural gas. During the evaporation, the available cold energy of LNG has been calculated. The concept has been proposed that the separated type heat pipe technology is employed to utilize the available cold energy for automotive air-conditioning. The experiment has been conducted to validate the proposal. It is found that it is feasible to use the separated type heat pipe to convey the cold energy from LNG to automotive air-conditioning. And the cooling capacity of the automotive air-conditioning increase with the LNG consumption and air flow rate increasing.

  7. Analysis of temperature and pressure changes in liquefied natural gas (LNG) cryogenic tanks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Q.-S.; Wegrzyn, J.; Prasad, V.

    2004-10-01

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is being developed as a transportation fuel for heavy vehicles such as trucks and transit buses, to lessen the dependency on oil and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The LNG stations are properly designed to prevent the venting of natural gas (NG) from LNG tanks, which can cause evaporative greenhouse gas emissions and result in fluctuations of fuel flow and changes of fuel composition. Boil-off is caused by the heat added into the LNG fuel during the storage and fueling. Heat can leak into the LNG fuel through the shell of tank during the storage and through hoses and dispensers during the fueling. Gas from tanks onboard vehicles, when returned to LNG tanks, can add additional heat into the LNG fuel. A thermodynamic and heat transfer model has been developed to analyze different mechanisms of heat leak into the LNG fuel. The evolving of properties and compositions of LNG fuel inside LNG tanks is simulated. The effect of a number of buses fueled each day on the possible total fuel loss rate has been analyzed. It is found that by increasing the number of buses, fueled each day, the total fuel loss rate can be reduced significantly. It is proposed that an electric generator be used to consume the boil-off gas or a liquefier be used to re-liquefy the boil-off gas to reduce the tank pressure and eliminate fuel losses. These approaches can prevent boil-off of natural gas emissions, and reduce the costs of LNG as transportation fuel.

  8. Research of design challenges and new technologies for floating LNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Dong-Hyun

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With the rate of worldwide LNG demand expected to grow faster than that of gas demand, most major oil companies are currently investing their resources to develop floating LNG-FLNG (i.e. LNG FSRU and LNG FPSO. The global Floating LNG (FLNG market trend will be reviewed based on demand and supply chain relationships. Typical technical issues associated with FLNG design are categorized in terms of global performance evaluation. Although many proven technologies developed through LNG carrier and oil FPSO projects are available for FLNG design, we are still faced with several technical challenges to clear for successful FLNG projects. In this study, some of the challenges encountered during development of the floating LNG facility (i.e. LNG FPSO and FSRU will be reviewed together with their investigated solution. At the same time, research of new LNG-related technologies such as combined containment system will be presented.

  9. Research of design challenges and new technologies for floating LNG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong-Hyun; Ha, Mun-Keun; Kim, Soo-Young; Shin, Sung-Chul

    2014-06-01

    With the rate of worldwide LNG demand expected to grow faster than that of gas demand, most major oil companies are currently investing their resources to develop floating LNG-FLNG (i.e. LNG FSRU and LNG FPSO). The global Floating LNG (FLNG) market trend will be reviewed based on demand and supply chain relationships. Typical technical issues associated with FLNG design are categorized in terms of global performance evaluation. Although many proven technologies developed through LNG carrier and oil FPSO projects are available for FLNG design, we are still faced with several technical challenges to clear for successful FLNG projects. In this study, some of the challenges encountered during development of the floating LNG facility (i.e. LNG FPSO and FSRU) will be reviewed together with their investigated solution. At the same time, research of new LNG-related technologies such as combined containment system will be presented.

  10. Study on Thermoelectric Generators Based on Exhaust Gas and Cryogenic Fuel for LNG Vehicles%面向 LNG 汽车的发动机排气与低温燃料温差发电器研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑江; 厉彦忠; 王春燕; 谭宏博

    2014-01-01

    To enhance the energy efficiency in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) vehicles, thermoelectric generator (TEG) is suggested in recovering the waste heat of the exhaust gas (EG) and the cold energy of the LNG.The TEGs here get higher efficiency than conventional ones, for they work with heat sinks at cryogenic temperatures and there are large temperature differences between EG and LNG.Based on the analyzing of the typical fuel system in the small LNG vehicles, two recovery systems for the LNG vehicles are proposed and the correla_tive parameters of systems are calculated and analyzed.The generation efficiency of TEGs is calculated and the recovery power of each sys_tem is analyzed.It is concluded that the output power of the vaporizer system is larger than that of the self_warming system; TEG with opti_mized multi_layer material brings larger output power than that with single_layer material for both systems.%为实现液化天然气(LNG)汽车的节能,提出了利用温差发电器(TEG)回收发动机排气(EG)的废热和低温燃料的冷能。指出了基于冷源所在的低温区,以及 EG 与 LNG 之间的大温差这两个特点,TEG 的热电转换效率会高于常规。基于对小型 LNG汽车中典型燃料系统的分析,设计了进行能量回收的两种系统流程,计算了其中各状态点的参数﹑及各换热器中布置温差发电器后的热电转换效率,得到了系统总的回收功率。结果表明,汽化器系统的回收功率大于自复温系统;在两种系统中,合理选取多种材料相较于仅用单种材料,TEG 的回收功率更大。

  11. Performance analysis of different ORC configurations for thermal energy and LNG cold energy hybrid power generation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Zhixin; Wang, Feng; Wang, Shujia; Xu, Fuquan; Lin, Kui

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a thermal energy and Liquefied natural gas (LNG) cold energy hybrid power generation system. Performances of four different Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) configurations (the basic, the regenerative, the reheat and the regenerative-reheat ORCs) are studied based on the first and the second law of thermodynamics. Dry organic fluid R245fa is selected as the typical working fluid. Parameter analysis is also conducted in this paper. The results show that regeneration could not increase the thermal efficiency of the thermal and cold energy hybrid power generation system. ORC with the reheat process could produce more specific net power output but it may also reduce the system thermal efficiency. The basic and the regenerative ORCs produce higher thermal efficiency while the regenerative-reheat ORC performs best in the exergy efficiency. A preheater is necessary for the thermal and cold energy hybrid power generation system. And due to the presence of the preheater, there will be a step change of the system performance as the turbine inlet pressure rises.

  12. Research on Energy Efficiency Design Index for Sea-going LNG Carriers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Lin; Yanyun Yu; Guan Guan

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the characteristics of liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers briefly. The LNG carrier includes power plant selection, vapor treatment, liquid cargo tank type, etc. Two parameters—fuel substitution rate and recovery of boil of gas (BOG) volume to energy efficiency design index (EEDI) formula are added, and EEDI formula of LNG carriers is established based on ship EEDI formula. Then, based on steam turbine propulsion device of LNG carriers, mathematical models of LNG carriers’ reference line value are established in this paper. By verification, the EEDI formula of LNG carriers described in this paper can provide a reference for LNG carrier EEDI calculation and green shipbuilding.

  13. Research on energy efficiency design index for sea-going LNG carriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yan; Yu, Yanyun; Guan, Guan

    2014-12-01

    This paper describes the characteristics of liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers briefly. The LNG carrier includes power plant selection, vapor treatment, liquid cargo tank type, etc. Two parameters—fuel substitution rate and recovery of boil of gas (BOG) volume to energy efficiency design index (EEDI) formula are added, and EEDI formula of LNG carriers is established based on ship EEDI formula. Then, based on steam turbine propulsion device of LNG carriers, mathematical models of LNG carriers' reference line value are established in this paper. By verification, the EEDI formula of LNG carriers described in this paper can provide a reference for LNG carrier EEDI calculation and green shipbuilding.

  14. LNG 加注趸船蒸气云爆炸危害后果分析%Harmful Consequences Analysis of Vapor Cloud Explosion in LNG Filling Barges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁盈利; 吕植勇; 庄学强

    2015-01-01

    In order to evaluate the impact of vapor cloud explosion to inland waterway navigation safety that happens in LNG filling barges ,the harmfulness of LNG itself and the possible risk of LNG lea‐king may lead to are analyzed . Using computational fluid dynamics method to analyze the source strength of leakage ,when LNG leaking in a LNG filling barge along the Yangtze River .Having a TNT equivalent prediction calculation of vapor cloud explosion happens in the LNG filling barge which carries two 250m3 tanks with the use of TNT equivalent model .Using overpressure guidelines divide the explosion damage partitions ,the attenuation curve of shock wave overpressure ratio varies with damage radius is also obtained by MATLAB programming .After calculation ,the death radius caused by the explosion is 59 .6m ,seriously injured areas ranges from 59 .6 to 109 .4m ,minor area ranges from 109 .4 to 196 .9m ,property damage radius is 172 .5m .For the inland waterways ,the vapor cloud explosion happened in the LNG filling barges will cause serious safety hazard to navigation safety .%为评价LNG加注趸船发生蒸气云爆炸对内河航道通航安全的影响,分析了LNG 的危害性及LNG发生泄漏时可能造成的危险后果.采用计算流体力学方法对长江沿线某一LNG加注趸船发生LNG泄漏时的泄漏源强进行了模型分析,利用TNT 当量模型对趸船上容积为250 m3的储罐发生蒸气云爆炸时的TNT当量进行了预测计算.利用超压准则对爆炸的伤害分区进行了划分,用MTLAB软件编程绘制出了冲击波超压比随伤害半径的衰减曲线.经计算,爆炸所造成的死亡半径为59.6m,重伤区域范围为59.6~109.4m,轻伤区域范围为109.4~196.9m,财产损失半径为172.5 m .对于内河航道,加注趸船发生蒸气云爆炸将会对船舶通航造成严重的安全隐患.

  15. Analysis and Research of Ocean LNG Bunkering Ship%远洋LNG燃料加注船分析与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于成龙; 田东方; 于婷婷

    2015-01-01

    Compare a variety of LNG fuel bunkering ways, thinking the LNG bunker ship is optimum for large ocean LNG powered ship. According to fuel value calculation and heating value analysis of several cur-rent typical ships, determine the capacity of the LNG bunkering ship. Referencing the experience of fuel bunkering, LNG bunkering requirements are put forward. Finally, analyzing the type of bunkering ship and connection methods.%比较多种LNG燃料加注方式,提出加注船为大型远洋LNG动力船舶最佳加注形式.选取当前典型船舶进行燃料计算与热值分析,确定加注船的容量,并借鉴燃油加注经验,提出相关LNG加注要求.最后,针对加注船的类型和连接方式,进行选择性分析.

  16. LNG As an Alternative Energy Supply in Sweden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansson, Jens (Lund Univ., Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Lund (Sweden))

    2008-11-15

    comes to the purchase costs and the railroad and large-scale sea transport costs. It is also worth noticing that the cost estimation models used in this study sometimes contain large steps for the different cost situations. This is the case for small-scale/base-load ships, purchase cost for Norwegian/Algerian LNG and wagon transport/system trains. The results are hence sometimes less accurate. As a side assignment, the costs for peak-shaving by the use of LNG is looked into. 20-30 MW for 24 hours per year need to be cut at Oeresundskraft's combined power and heat plant in Helsingborg. Here, the possibility of utilising portable LNG containers (as used by the Norwegian company Liquiline) is studied. In order to indicate the extent to which some key parameters affect the final cost, sensitivity analysis is carried out on the purchase price and the terminal costs. The results show that the Norwegian LNG costs 560-608 SEK/MWh (road), 570-689 SEK/MWh (railroad) and 537-555 SEK/MWh (sea). Algerian LNG costs 315-324 SEK/MWh (sea). The large difference between Norwegian and Algerian LNG is caused primarily by the much lower purchase costs of Algerian LNG, and also due to the difference in sea shipping costs. The purchase cost is about 80 % of the total cost for all cases. The transport cost is between 3 and 6 % and the terminal costs the balance, making it a larger component in the cases of Algerian than Norwegian LNG. It is shown that LNG could be an alternative to secure the Natural Gas supply after the Danish supply has run out. It has proven safe and the market is getting more and more mature. The fate of base-load LNG is largely determined by the other Natural Gas projects in the Nordic countries. The Natural Gas market price largely follows the oil price and as a consequence from this, LNG prices are also linked to the source of energy which it is primarily supposed to replace. The question is whether the market price is reduced - or at least less increased - due to

  17. Recommended research on LNG safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, H.J.; Gilmore, F.R.

    1981-03-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting research on the safety and other environmental aspects of liquefied energy gases including liquefied natural gas (LNG). The effort reported here was conducted as part of the planning for further research into the safety aspects of transporting and storing LNG, with primary emphasis on public safety. Although the modern LNG industry has enjoyed excellent success in providing for safe operations, significant questions remain on the part of many, the expressions of which were intensified with the addition of marine-based LNG import terminals. Public safety with regard to large-scale importation of this fuel has received widespread attention in the US Congress, state legislatures, county and city governments, and from various individuals and public groups, with coverage in all the news media, including books published on the subject. The safety concerns have centered around the consequences to the public of a large spill of the cryogenic liquid from an ocean tanker or a larger storage tank, either of which might hold as much as 125,000 m/sup 3/ of LNG.

  18. 大型LNG储罐防火间距分析%Analysis on separation distance of large LNG tank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫晓; 赵东风; 孟亦飞

    2013-01-01

    国内LNG接收站产业发展日益壮大,LNG储罐的规模也随之呈现大型化的趋势,其带来对周边储罐的安全问题成为关注的焦点.针对大型LNG储罐防火间距的分析,依据国际广泛接受的美国NFPA 59A-2009和欧洲EN1473-2007标准,分别采用事故后果模拟手段和危险性评估方法确定储罐防火间距,事故场景分别考虑了罐顶池火灾和卸料管线发生直径50mm孔洞泄漏火灾.在此基础之上,对事故后果模拟得到的结果进行分析,明确储罐防火间距,从而为企业对LNG储罐区进行布局设计提供参考指导.%With the growing of domestic LNG receiving terminal industry,the size of LNG storage tank also presents large-scale trend,it causes the safety problem to surrounding tanks and becomes focus of attention.Aimed at separation distance analysis of large LNG tank,the accident consequence simulation method and risk assessment method were adopted to determine container spacing according to the international widely accepted American NFPA 59A-2009 and European EN1473-2007 standards,accident scenario were considered tank roof pool fire and leakage fire by failure of 50mm diameter hole on unloading line.On this basis,the accident consequence simulation results were analyzed,and container spacing was determined,so as to provide guidance for enterprise on the layout design of LNG tank farm.

  19. LNG As an Alternative Energy Supply in Sweden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansson, Jens (Lund Univ., Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Lund (Sweden))

    2008-11-15

    comes to the purchase costs and the railroad and large-scale sea transport costs. It is also worth noticing that the cost estimation models used in this study sometimes contain large steps for the different cost situations. This is the case for small-scale/base-load ships, purchase cost for Norwegian/Algerian LNG and wagon transport/system trains. The results are hence sometimes less accurate. As a side assignment, the costs for peak-shaving by the use of LNG is looked into. 20-30 MW for 24 hours per year need to be cut at Oeresundskraft's combined power and heat plant in Helsingborg. Here, the possibility of utilising portable LNG containers (as used by the Norwegian company Liquiline) is studied. In order to indicate the extent to which some key parameters affect the final cost, sensitivity analysis is carried out on the purchase price and the terminal costs. The results show that the Norwegian LNG costs 560-608 SEK/MWh (road), 570-689 SEK/MWh (railroad) and 537-555 SEK/MWh (sea). Algerian LNG costs 315-324 SEK/MWh (sea). The large difference between Norwegian and Algerian LNG is caused primarily by the much lower purchase costs of Algerian LNG, and also due to the difference in sea shipping costs. The purchase cost is about 80 % of the total cost for all cases. The transport cost is between 3 and 6 % and the terminal costs the balance, making it a larger component in the cases of Algerian than Norwegian LNG. It is shown that LNG could be an alternative to secure the Natural Gas supply after the Danish supply has run out. It has proven safe and the market is getting more and more mature. The fate of base-load LNG is largely determined by the other Natural Gas projects in the Nordic countries. The Natural Gas market price largely follows the oil price and as a consequence from this, LNG prices are also linked to the source of energy which it is primarily supposed to replace. The question is whether the market price is reduced - or at least less increased - due to

  20. 液化天然气渔船改造相关技术分析%Analysis on technology of LNG fishing vessels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文超; 赵新颖; 谌志新

    2014-01-01

    为降低渔船燃油能耗,减少渔船污染排放,研究了液化天然气渔船( LNG渔船)相关技术。 LNG渔船的核心技术在于双燃料发动机动力装置,围绕双燃料发动机动力装置所需空间的利用和布置是LNG渔船改造的一大难点。双燃料发动机动力装置相关配套设备科学合理的设计也是保证LNG渔船高效航行的重要因素。通过对LNG渔船船体改造、双燃料发动机动力装置改造和LNG燃料存储技术等方面进行分析,认为LNG渔船作为一种新型船舶,能有效地降低渔民燃料成本,改善船员作生活环境。%According to the spirit of our country’ s sustainable development strategy, in order to cut down the fuel consumption of fishing vessels, and to reduce fishing vessels’ pollution, trelevant technologies of LNG fishing vessel. Compared with traditional fishing vessel, there is a lot of innovation and breakthrough in technology for LNG fishing vessels. The core technology of LNG fishing vessel is dual fuel engine power plant. The use and arrangement of the space around dual fuel engine power plant is a big difficulty. The scientific and rational design of power plant’ s corollary equipment is an important factor for LNG fishing vessel’ s efficient navigation. Through analysis on LNG fishing vessel hull transformation, dual⁃fuel engine power plants renovation and LNG fuel storage technology, LNG fishing vessels, as the new type of fishing vessel can reduce fisherman’ s fuel cost and improve crew ’ s living environment. LNG fishing vessels conform to China ’ s sustainable development strategy, and it should be developed actively.

  1. A large LNG tank technology system “CGTank®” of CNOOC and its engineering application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Zhang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available LNG tanks are complex in design and building process and high in costs, so LNG tank technology is one of the most advanced ones in the field of energy, which has been monopolized by foreign companies for a long time. In order to work out LNG tank technology domestically, China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC for short, the largest LNG importer in China, develops a LNG tank technology system “CGTank®” successfully in reference to the design and construction experience of domestic and foreign companies, after years of scientific research in tackling difficult problems. This system presents four traits as follows. First, a set of calculation software is developed independently by CNOOC, and the tanks in all operating conditions are calculated after 3D hologram and multi-point contact model of fluid-solid coupling effect is built up. Second, earthquake effect research and inner tank check research are improved innovatively by means of response spectrum analysis after European standards are introduced. Third, it is put forward for the first time that the stress strength discrimination standard is based on the principal stress which is obtained by means of the maximum shearing failure theory. And fourth, a large LNG full-capacity tank technology package with completely independent intellectual property right is established. The “CGTank®” system was first applied in the Tianjin LNG demonstration project, which has passed all indicator tests and is now in operation smoothly. The project is provided with the core tank design technology by CNOOC Gas and Power Group and with the EPC by CNOOC Engineering Co., Ltd. The independent LNG tank technology can be applied in a wide scope and it is favorable for impelling domestic production of LNG industry completely.

  2. CHINA'S LNG BUSINESS BOOMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Bo

    2006-01-01

    @@ Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is a low-temperature liquid mixture (-162℃) obtained by cooling and liquefaction of natural gas after deacidification and dehydration. In recent years, along with the surging global demand for energy and the drop of LNG cost, demand for LNG has been rising steadily. The primary underlying causes of that are the reduction of cost, the improvement of ship transportation and the changes in the form of trade. The tightening energy bottleneck brought by the rapid growth of China's economy might be well addressed by the active development of LNG industry, which can also help diversify the energy resources and facilitate the protection of environment.

  3. Energy and Exergy Efficiency Analysis of Sealing Steam Condenser in Propulsion System of LNG Carrier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedran Medica-Viola

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In ship propulsion systems today diesel engines are dominant, but steam propulsion systems prevail in one type of ships and that are LNG carriers. Such steam propulsion systems consist of many different components. One interesting component of these systems is sealing steam condenser analysed in this paper. Measurements of all necessary operating parameters for analysed sealing steam condenser were performed during the ship exploitation and they were used for calculating the energy and exergy efficiency of this device. Except the displayed movement of both efficiencies the reasons for those changes and proposals for possible improvements were presented. Also, it was displayed all operating parameters of sealing steam condenser that has an impact on its performance and efficiency. During the ship exploitation, improvements related to the sealing steam condenser efficiency are hard to expect because improvements would cause an increase in the steam propulsion system operating costs.

  4. Performance analysis of liquid air energy storage utilizing LNG cold energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luyao, Li; Sixian, Wang; Zhang, Deng; Luwei, Yang; Yuan, Zhou; Junjie, Wang

    2017-02-01

    As the high energy density and can be stored in a long period, the liquid air is regarded as the potential energy storage medium. In the liquid air energy storage (LAES) system, liquid air is produced in the liquefaction processes by using the renewable energy or off-peak energy. The compressor is used to supply and recycle the air in liquefaction processes. In this paper, a LAES model is established, and the impact of compressor on LAES system is analysed theoretically. Liquid air energy storage (LAES) system utilizing LNG cold energy is also described. The results show that the round trip energy efficiency is enhanced and the utilizing has promising application prospect for large scale energy storage.

  5. Small Scale LNG in Europe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-09-15

    The conference has 19 presentation that addresses topics within the economic and marketing aspects, distribution and transmission, size, operation and design of LNG production units, transportation aspects, technology assessment, storage of LNG and risk and safety aspects of the use and production of LNG. Some LNG application cases are also presented.

  6. LNG-FPSO: Offshore LNG solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan GU; Yonglin JU

    2008-01-01

    The floating production, storage and offload-ing system for liquefied natural gas (LNG-FPSO), is a new conceptual unit and an effective and realistic way for exploitation, recovery, storage, transportation and end-use applications of marginal gas fields and offshore associated-gas resources. However, a real LNG-FPSO unit cannot be built unless some breakthroughs in many key technologies are produced. Many unique characteris-tics of LNG-FPSO, such as restricted space, platform motion, LNG sloshing in inner storage tank and offload-ing system, which have not been considered in the onshore projects, are the most rigorous factors to be taken into account during design. In this paper, the overall layout of a typical LNG-FPSO unit is reviewed; the leading liquefaction technologies and processes are compared and discussed. Taking the effects of the vessel motion and limited space into account, the applicability of the main systems and key equipments of storage, offloading and power supply, are analyzed.

  7. Analysis of constraints to the introduction of LNG plants in the Brazilian electric sector; Analise dos condicionantes para a introducao de plantas a GNL no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes, Tatiane Moraes Pestana

    2010-03-15

    This work aims analyze the constraints to the introduction of LNG in the Brazilian energy matrix. Therefore, considers the current regulatory framework and the investments recently made by PETROBRAS to acquire LNG in the international market in order to supply power plants in the country. In order to assess the current status of the LNG plants in the electricity sector, factors are analyzed in terms of the natural gas industry and electric power industry, such as: storage, LNG contracts, operating dispatch, LNG plants pricing and operational flexibility. Despite the increase in LNG international trade and the prospect of using this product in Brazil, there are some challenges for the effective use of LNG plants by Brazilian electric sector. Some of the challenges are the need to review the methodology of calculating the cost benefit of LNG power plants. Another important challenge is to examine the use of underground storage and its influence in the operating dispatch of LNG plants. (author)

  8. Applications of human factors engineering to LNG release prevention and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shikiar, R.; Rankin, W.L.; Rideout, T.B.

    1982-06-01

    The results of an investigation of human factors engineering and human reliability applications to LNG release prevention and control are reported. The report includes a discussion of possible human error contributions to previous LNG accidents and incidents, and a discussion of generic HF considerations for peakshaving plants. More specific recommendations for improving HF practices at peakshaving plants are offered based on visits to six facilities. The HF aspects of the recently promulgated DOT regulations are reviewed, and recommendations are made concerning how these regulations can be implemented utilizing standard HF practices. Finally, the integration of HF considerations into overall system safety is illustrated by a presentation of human error probabilities applicable to LNG operations and by an expanded fault tree analysis which explicitly recognizes man-machine interfaces.

  9. Optimization of UA of heat exchangers and BOG compressor exit pressure of LNG boil-off gas reliquefaction system using exergy analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochunni, Sarun Kumar; Ghosh, Parthasarathi; Chowdhury, Kanchan

    2015-12-01

    Boil-off gas (BOG) generation and its handling are important issues in Liquefied natural gas (LNG) value chain because of economic, environment and safety reasons. Several variants of reliquefaction systems of BOG have been proposed by researchers. Thermodynamic analyses help to configure them and size their components for improving performance. In this paper, exergy analysis of reliquefaction system based on nitrogen-driven reverse Brayton cycle is carried out through simulation using Aspen Hysys 8.6®, a process simulator and the effects of heat exchanger size with and without related pressure drop and BOG compressor exit pressure are evaluated. Nondimensionalization of parameters with respect to the BOG load allows one to scale up or down the design. The process heat exchanger (PHX) requires much higher surface area than that of BOG condenser and it helps to reduce the quantity of methane vented out to atmosphere. As pressure drop destroys exergy, optimum UA of PHX decreases for highest system performance if pressure drop is taken into account. Again, for fixed sizes of heat exchangers, as there is a range of discharge pressures of BOG compressor at which the loss of methane in vent minimizes, the designer should consider choosing the pressure at lower value.

  10. Kitimat LNG Inc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boulton, R. [Kitimat LNG Inc., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    Kitimat LNG terminal is the first fully permitted liquefied natural gas (LNG) on the west coast of Canada and the United States. The terminal was designed to have a small environmental footprint, and has the full support of communities and First Nations groups in the area. Regulatory approvals are now in place, and site construction is planned to start in 2007. This presentation provided details of the facility's gas production and liquefaction processes, shipping, and LNG import and regasification terminals. The site was selected due to its deepwater, all-season port and the fact that the Pacific Trail Pipelines provide access to major transmission lines. The terminal will be comprised of an offshore LNG tanker berth and unloading jetty, a construction and tug berth, 2 LNG storage tanks, a separation unit, and send-out pipelines for natural gas and gas liquids. The terminal was designed for maximum LNG receiving flexibility as it can handle a wide variety of gas specifications and will be able to receive the largest possible LNG tankers. Market interest in the terminal has been considerable as investors are increasingly convinced that LNG can provide long-term supply alternatives to the North American gas market. Once operational the terminal will attract supply from the Pacific basin and the Middle East. Western Canadian gas demand is projected to grow at nearly 6 per cent through 2015. It was concluded that marine safety is crucial to the successful operation of the terminal. Details of safety plans formed after consultation with various organizations were presented. refs., tabs., figs.

  11. Kitimat LNG Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boulton, R. [Kitimat LNG Inc., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    Kitimat LNG terminal is the first fully permitted liquefied natural gas (LNG) on the west coast of Canada and the United States. The terminal was designed to have a small environmental footprint, and has the full support of communities and First Nations groups in the area. Regulatory approvals are now in place, and site construction is planned to start in 2007. This presentation provided details of the facility's gas production and liquefaction processes, shipping, and LNG import and regasification terminals. The site was selected due to its deepwater, all-season port and the fact that the Pacific Trail Pipelines provide access to major transmission lines. The terminal will be comprised of an offshore LNG tanker berth and unloading jetty, a construction and tug berth, 2 LNG storage tanks, a separation unit, and send-out pipelines for natural gas and gas liquids. The terminal was designed for maximum LNG receiving flexibility as it can handle a wide variety of gas specifications and will be able to receive the largest possible LNG tankers. Market interest in the terminal has been considerable as investors are increasingly convinced that LNG can provide long-term supply alternatives to the North American gas market. Once operational the terminal will attract supply from the Pacific basin and the Middle East. Western Canadian gas demand is projected to grow at nearly 6 per cent through 2015. It was concluded that marine safety is crucial to the successful operation of the terminal. Details of safety plans formed after consultation with various organizations were presented. refs., tabs., figs.

  12. Theoretical and computational analyses of LNG evaporator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chidambaram, Palani Kumar; Jo, Yang Myung; Kim, Heuy Dong

    2017-04-01

    Theoretical and numerical analysis on the fluid flow and heat transfer inside a LNG evaporator is conducted in this work. Methane is used instead of LNG as the operating fluid. This is because; methane constitutes over 80% of natural gas. The analytical calculations are performed using simple mass and energy balance equations. The analytical calculations are made to assess the pressure and temperature variations in the steam tube. Multiphase numerical simulations are performed by solving the governing equations (basic flow equations of continuity, momentum and energy equations) in a portion of the evaporator domain consisting of a single steam pipe. The flow equations are solved along with equations of species transport. Multiphase modeling is incorporated using VOF method. Liquid methane is the primary phase. It vaporizes into the secondary phase gaseous methane. Steam is another secondary phase which flows through the heating coils. Turbulence is modeled by a two equation turbulence model. Both the theoretical and numerical predictions are seen to match well with each other. Further parametric studies are planned based on the current research.

  13. LNG长输管道中间液化站流程分析%Analysis on Liquefaction Station Along Long-Distance LNG Pipeline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李征帛; 陈保东; 刘杰; 官学源; 莫海元; 张纯静; 杜义朋

    2012-01-01

    由于石油、煤炭等化石燃料的不断减少,加之环境污染和温室效应等问题的不断加剧,天然气作为一种高效、清洁的能源,日益受到世界各国的重视与青睐.天然气的液化及储存,是开发及利用天然气的关键技术.最新的理论研究表明,建设长距离液化天然气(LNG)输送管道技术上是可行的,经济上也是合理的.但是,对LNG长输管道中间液化站进行的研究还很少,液化站的流程及相关设备的选取问题还没有得到解决.通过对逆向卡诺循环进行的分析,结合丙烷、乙烯、甲烷等制冷剂的制冷特性,提出了LNG长输管道中间液化站的液化流程及所选取的相关设备.%As the declining of oil. coal and other fossil fuel, and the rising of environmental pollution and greenhouse's effect, natural gas, as a kind of high efficient and clean energy, has been given a great attention and favour by the countries all over the world. Natural gas liquefaction and storage technology is key to its use and development. The latest theory research shows that the construction of long distance LNG pipeline is feasible in technology and reasonable in the economy. However the researches of the liquefaction station of long distance LNG pipeline are few. The liquefaction process of the liquefaction station along the long distance LNG pipelines was discussed. Through the analysis on the reverse Carnot cycle, combined with cooling characteristics of refrigerant such as propane, ethylene, methane, liquefaction process of liquefaction station along longdistance LNG pipeline was proposed and related equipments were selected.

  14. Modeling of LNG spills into trenches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavelli, Filippo; Chernovsky, Melissa K; Bullister, Edward; Kytomaa, Harri K

    2010-08-15

    A new method for the analysis of LNG spills into trenches has been developed to quantify vapor dispersion hazard distances. The model uses three steps to capture the behavior of an LNG spill into a trench. The first is to analytically calculate the evolving LNG flow, the second to calculate the vaporization rate along the trench, and the third is to calculate the dispersion of the vapors using a CFD model that has been validated for this application in the presence of complex geometries. This paper presents case studies that show the effect of wind perpendicular and parallel to the large aspect ratio trenches on vapor dispersion. The case studies also demonstrate the effect of complex terrain and obstacles such as vapor fences on vapor dispersion. The simulations show that wind direction relative to the trench has a significant effect on cloud shape, height, and maximum downwind distance. The addition of vapor fences to mitigate vapor dispersion hazards from an LNG spill into the LNG containment trench is shown to be effective.

  15. LNG Development Booms in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Decan Hanju

    2011-01-01

    @@ China's LNG imports were 6.769 million tons from January to September in 2010, 70.95% higher than the same period of 2009.42% was from Australia and 16% from Indonesia.LNG is now becoming a major gas source in China.Meanwhile, China is evolving into an important target market for major LNG producing countries.

  16. LNG - Status in Denmark. Technology and potential. Project report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naeslund, M.

    2012-05-15

    The interest for LNG both on a small and a large scale is increasing worldwide. The experiences and knowledge on LNG is limited in Denmark. The Danish gas companies' Technical Management Group (TCG) has asked for a status report including a technology description and an evaluation of the potential in Denmark. A survey of primarily small-scale LNG technology is done in the report. The focus is motivated by the new areas of gas utilisation that become possible with small-scale LNG. Small-scale LNG in this study is defined as LNG stored and used at the application or in an isolated gas grid. The small-scale use of LNG has today an almost negligible share of the total LNG trade but offers interesting new applications for gas utilisation. LNG on a small scale can be used primarily as: 1) Ship fuel. 2) Truck fuel (heavy duty long distance). 3) Individual users not connected to the natural gas grid. 4) Backup for upgraded biogas to individual users and vehicle fleets. 5) Security of supply or supply enhancement of heavily loaded parts of the gas grid. 6) Small-scale storage and/or peak shaving. All but the first topics are natural uses for the current Danish gas distributors. LNG as ship fuel may engage other specialized LNG companies. The report contains a technical description of the parts in primarily small-scale LNG handling and operation. Liquefaction, transport, storage, engine technologies, gas quality and safety aspects related to LNG are covered. There seem to be two more or less separate paths for LNG in Denmark, onshore and off-shore use. These are not, apparently, sharing their experiences and knowledge. Rules and regulations are also different which may create some problems in the interface, for example ship bunkering. Further studies are suggested in the area of gas quality and engine technologies and adaptation of foreign guidelines for small-scale installations to Danish conditions. These guidelines ought to be based on international standards and

  17. Seismic response analysis of LNG storage tank wall under influence of inner tank%内罐影响下LNG储罐外罐地震响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利剑; 黄兢; 王向英; 范远刚

    2012-01-01

    In order to consider the influence of inner tank of LNG storage tank on seismic response of its outer wall, seismic response analysis of the wall of LNG storage tank with and without inner tank was carried out. Results show that the seismic response of the LNG storage tank with inner tank is smaller than that of LNG storage tank without inner one, existence of inner tank is favourable to earthquake resistance of storage tank and the influence of vertical seismic wave on vibration of the storage tank could not be neglected.%为了考虑内罐在不同方向地震动时对LNG(液化天然气)储罐外罐的影响,对有内罐和无内罐情况下LNG储罐外罐进行了地震响应分析.结果表明:有内罐时地震响应比无内罐时小,内罐的存在对LNG储罐抗震有好的影响;竖向地震波对结构振动的影响不能忽视.

  18. LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG CARRIERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Posavec

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Modern liquefied natural gas carriers are double-bottom ships classified according to the type of LNG tank. The tanks are specially designed to store natural gas cooled to -161°C, the boiling point of methane. Since LNG is highly flammable, special care must be taken when designing and operating the ship. The development of LNG carriers has begun in the middle of the twentieth century. LNG carrier storage space has gradually grown to the current maximum of 260000 m3. There are more than 300 LNG carriers currently in operation (the paper is published in Croatian.

  19. Chile exploits LNG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-03-01

    Simultaneously with its exploitation of offshore hydrocarbon reservoirs Chile is developing the production and selling of LNG. Chile produces a large quantity of associated gas from its reservoirs at Megallanes and processes it at the Manantiales, Cullen and Posesion plants recovering propane, butane and natural gas liguids. The stripped gas is reinjected for pressure maintenance operations. With the completion of the LNG program full use of the gas will be achieved. It will totally meet the needs of combustible liquids for the central and northern parts of the country, a volume of 2200 million cu m/yr. For its treatment natural gas is sent through gas pipelines to the LNG plant at Cabo Negro. By means of a cooling process, the gas is cooled to -160 C where it becomes a liquid and its volume is reduced by a factor of 600. It is then stored in tanks at atmospheric pressure.

  20. European gas markets and Russian LNG. Prospects for the development of European gas markets and model simulations of possible new LNG supplies from year 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldegard, Tom [Foundation for Research in Economics and Business Administration, Bergen (Norway)

    1996-07-01

    The study aims at clarifying the framework for possible LNG exports from Northern Russia and focuses on the European natural gas markets. The first stage provides general background information on the market structure and related topics. In the second stage this information is used to develop a formal market model and subject it to simulations with various assumptions of the future gas supply. The model is described and results from simulations are given. In the first stage facts from the history of the European natural gas market are outlined. Underlying conditions for the development of natural gas markets in Europe are addressed. The EU has been promoting trade liberalisation in the energy sector but most counties resist freer gas trade across the boarders. New infrastructure development for natural gas are either underway or planned. Some important projects are mentioned. Gas in a global perspective is discussed. The cost structure of the LNG chain is mentioned and an overview of existing LNG export capacities world-wide and major reception terminals in Europe and the USA is given. The second stage employs a scenario analysis to evaluate the economic effects of hypothetical LNG deliveries from Northern Russia. The model is developed for the analysis of West European natural gas markets and designed to allow users to create a structural system of interconnected producers and market regions. Basic assumptions for the evolution of natural gas markets till 2005 is developed and base case scenarios calculated for the years 2000 and 2005 and used as a point of reference for the alternative scenarios considered. According to the analysis the introduction of a new LNG supplier in the European gas market will inflict a substantial loss upon all the existing producers. The primary keys to this result are the assumptions made for gas demand and supply capacity. The LNG alternative will hardly be approved for purely economic reasons as long as the Russians maintain

  1. The Northeast Asia LNG Market Analysis%东北亚液化天然气市场分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萌

    2013-01-01

      在全球能源新格局之下,传统的液化天然气卖方市场已经开始出现松动。在美国、澳大利亚新增液化天然气供给的冲击下,俄罗斯未来对东北亚的天然气出口将面临更多的竞争对手,其价格下降将有着明确的预期。2015年以后,随着更多液化天然气实现实质供给,东北亚的天然气市场将出现新的局面,届时中俄有可能达成一种双赢的价格安排。%In the new global energy pattern, the traditional LNG (liquefied natural gas) sellers’ market has changed bit by bit. Under the impact from the new supply of U.S.A. and Australia , Russia will face more competitors in the Northeast Asia market in the future, the declining price has clear expectation. After 2015, with more LNG supply materiality, the LNG market will have a new situation. Then, China and Russia will reach a win-win price arrangement.

  2. LNG - emergency control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berardinelli, Ricardo Porto; Correa, Kleber Macedo; Moura Filho, Nelson Barboza de; Fernandez, Carlos Antonio [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Matos, Jose Eduardo Nogueira de [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The operation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is pioneering within the PETROBRAS System. PETROBRAS Transporte - TRANSPETRO is going to operate two flexible LNG terminals, located in Ceara and Rio de Janeiro. In accordance with the Corporate Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) Directive - Training, Education and Awareness, PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. - TRANSPETRO has prepared an action plan with the objective of ensuring the operational safety of the undertaking. Among other actions a training program for the emergency control of LNG will be inserted into the timetable. The above mentioned training program was held over a period of 20 hours, and was divided between theory and practice. In the theoretical part, the characteristics of the product, the history of accidents and the emergency response procedures were covered. In the practical part, 3000 gallons of LNG were utilized where the behavior of the product could be confirmed following a confined leak, thereby verifying the efficacy of the emergency control resources. The teaching process of the course was developed in the company through the preparation of specific procedures, emergency plans and the formation of internal instructors. (author)

  3. LNG annotated bibliography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bomelburg, H.J.; Counts, C.A.; Cowan, C.E.; Davis, W.E.; DeSteese, J.G.; Pelto, P.J.

    1982-09-01

    This document updates the bibliography published in Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Safety and Environmental Control Assessment Program: third status report (PNL-4172) and is a complete listing of literature reviewed and reported under the LNG Technical Surveillance Task. The bibliography is organized alphabetically by author.

  4. 行为安全管理在LNG汽车加注站的应用%The Application of Behavior Based Safety in LNG Filling Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元少平

    2014-01-01

    Statistical analysis of a large number of accidents showed that, human behavior is the main cause of insecurity acci-dent. Regulate the behavior of workers, promote standardized, sys-tematic and scientific safety behavior management, will radically re-duce accidents. In order to better regulate the safe operation of LNG filling station site, the LNG filling station in action every aspect of the job to standardize and refine, enhance frontline staff skills, thus ensuring the safety of filling the job.%大量事故的统计分析表明,人的不安全行为是导致事故发生的主要原因。规范作业人员行为,提倡标准化、系统化和科学化的安全行为管理,将从根本上减少事故隐患。为了更好地规范LNG加注站现场安全操作,将LNG加注站中每一个作业环节的动作进行标准化和细化,提升一线员工操作技能,从而保证了加注作业的安全。

  5. Calculation models for prediction of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) ageing during ship transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miana, Mario; Hoyo, Rafael del; Rodrigalvarez, Vega; Valdes, Jose Ramon [Instituto Tecnologico de Aragon, Area de Investigacion, Desarrollo y Servicios Tecnologicos, Maria de Luna 7, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Llorens, Raul [ENAGAS SA, Direccion de Ingenieria y Tecnologia del Gas, Autovia A - 2, km. 306.4, 50012 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2010-05-15

    A group of European gas transportation companies within the European Gas Research Group launched in 2007 the 'MOLAS' Project to provide a software program for the analysis of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) ageing process during ship transportation. This program contains two different modeling approaches: a physical algorithm and an 'intelligent' model. Both models are fed with the same input data, which is composed of the ship characteristics (BOR and capacity), voyage duration, LNG composition, temperature, pressure, and volume occupied by liquid phase at the port of origin, together with pressure at the port of destination. The results obtained are the LNG composition, temperature and liquid volume at the port of destination. Furthermore, the physical model obtains the evolution over time of such variables en route as it is based on unsteady mass balances over the system, while the i-model applies neural networks to obtain regression coefficients from historical data composed only of origin and destination measurements. This paper describes both models and validates them from previous published models and experimental data measured in ENAGAS LNG regasification plants. (author)

  6. Analysis of the effect of fast transients in LNG process equipment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smeulers, J.P.M.; Oldenburg, M.

    2010-01-01

    Some years ago a root cause analysis was made of a large oil spill caused by a leak in an oil offloading system. It appeared that the leak was caused by a large pressure pulse initiated by the sudden closure of the bow loading valve at the tanker, called water hammer. The magnitude of the initial pu

  7. The Accident Simulation Analysis of LNG Tank%LNG储罐事故模拟分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    要栋梁

    2014-01-01

    Based on the software SAFETI coming from Norway Veritas, accident simulation of a liquefied natural gas storage tanks are selected. Leakage and diffusion, tank fire and explosion model was used to simulate the damage scope and impact area. It can pro-vide a theoretical basis for the emergency rescue and disaster preven-tion and mitigation.%本文应用挪威船级社的SFETI软件对某液化天然气储罐进行事故模拟,分别选用泄漏扩散、池火灾和爆炸模型进行模拟计算,得出不同事故的伤害范围和影响区域,为事故救援和防灾减灾提供了理论依据。

  8. Analysis of the Propulsion System for River-to-sea LNG Carriers%6000 m3江海直达 LNG 运输船推进系统分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙祥仲; 秦辉

    2015-01-01

    Taking the newly-developed 6 000 m3 LNG carrier as an example, the selections of the main engine and propul-sion system, the fuel gas supply system of the carrier are investigated according to practical situations, which can provide refer-ence for propulsion system design of the small scale of river-to-sea LNG carrier.%针对开发船型6000 m3江海直达LNG运输船实际情况,介绍主机选型、推进方式选择、燃气供应,为小型江海直达LNG运输船推进系统设计提供参考。

  9. 软土场地大型LNG储罐考虑桩土相互作用的地震响应分析%Seismic response analysis of a large LNG storage tank considering pile-soil interaction in a soft site

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘帅; 翁大根; 张瑞甫

    2014-01-01

    在通用有限元软件ANSYS平台上建立了桩-土-LNG储罐相互作用体系的三维整体有限元模型,分析了在IV类软土场地上考虑桩土相互作用对LNG储罐地震响应的影响。结果表明,LNG储罐的基底剪力峰值、倾覆力矩峰值和内罐壁等效应力最大值均有不同程度的减小,而最大晃动波高增大。另外还讨论了不同保温层刚度对LNG储罐地震响应的影响,通过对比发现,保温层刚度对储罐的地震响应具有重要的影响,随着保温层刚度在一定范围内的增加,基底剪力峰值、倾覆力矩峰值和最大晃动波高变化较小,但内罐壁等效应力最大值减小明显。%Based on the finite element analysis program ANSYS,a three-dimensional integral finite element model of a pile-soil-LNG storage tank interaction system was established,the effect of pile-soil interaction on the seismic response of the LNG storage tank was analyzed in a soft site of class IV.Analysis results showed that the peak shear force,the peak overturning moment and the maximum Von Mises equivalent stress of the inner steel wall of the LNG storage tank drop at different levels,but the maximum sloshing wave height of liquid rises;in addition,the effect of insulation layer stiffness on the seismic response of the LNG storage tank is also analyzed,it has an important influence on the seismic response of the LNG storage tank;with increase in insulation layer stiffness in a certain range,the peak shear force,the peak overturning moment and the maximum sloshing wave height vary a little,but the maximum Von Mises equivalent stress of the inner steel wall decreases significantly.

  10. LNG, een ontwikkeling in beweging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wensink, M.W.; Rosmuller, N.

    2014-01-01

    Wereldwijd wordt gezocht naar alternatieven voor de huidige fossiele brandstoffen die duur en milieubelastend zijn. Eén van deze alternatieven is vloeibaar aardgas ofwel LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas). In Nederland is inmiddels een aantal tankstations voor LNG gerealiseerd, onder andere in Zwolle, Tilb

  11. The sustainability of LNG evaporation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stougie, L.; Van der Kooi, H.J.

    2011-01-01

    Numerous LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) import terminals are under construction to fulfil the growing demand for energy carriers. After storage in tanks, the LNG needs to be heated and evaporated, also called ‘regasified’, to the natural gas needed in households and industry. Several options exist for

  12. 77 FR 73627 - 2012 LNG Export Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2012-29894] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 2012 LNG Export Study AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of availability of 2012 LNG Export Study and request for comments. Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. [FE Docket No. 10-161-LNG] and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC. Lake Charles...

  13. 33 CFR 127.319 - LNG transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false LNG transfer. 127.319 Section 127... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.319 LNG transfer. During LNG transfer operations, the following must be met: (a) The operator of the waterfront facility handling LNG shall...

  14. The Mooring Pattern Study for Q-Flex Type LNG Carriers Scheduled for Berthing at Ege Gaz Aliaga LNG Terminal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selcuk Nas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ever growing energy industry requires larger quantities of LNG to be transported by bigger ships between terminals. Every day, new kind of large vessels created by new technologies, and these are used to trade around the globe. This is the dynamic change in shipping industry. But on the other hand these new vessels need to safely berth to existing terminals which we may accept as more static part of the trade. Thus this study born by the request of Ege Gaz Aliaga LNG Terminal management to determine if it is safe to berth to the terminal by a new breed of large LNG carrier type named as Q-Flex and Q-Max. Transas Bridge Simulator NTPRO 5000 series was used in this study for extensive experiments which had been simulated by the use of hook function. During the study, every force applied to mooring hooks and dolphins by the ship lines were divided into 3 dimensions and then measured by simulation experiments. With analysis of the data, required hook and dolphins strengths were determined for the safe mooring arrangements. Upon the completion of the study Ege Gaz Aliaga LNG Terminal became the first safe berth for Q-Flex type vessels in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. And finally all experiments were confirmed with real life experience when the first Q-Flex type LNG carrier berthed to the Ege Gaz Aliaga LNG Terminal.

  15. LNG TERMINAL SAFE OPERATION MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Andrzej ADAMKIEWICZ; Kamiński, Włodzimierz

    2012-01-01

    W artykule przedstawiono znaczenie problemu bezpieczeństwa terminali LNG w transporcie morskim gazu ziemnego. Wskazano szczególne wymagania jakie stwarza instalacji przesył LNG, a wynikające z jego szczególnych własności. Na tle wielopoziomowych krytycznych obszarów bezpieczeństwa stanowiących elementy składowe struktury systemu bezpieczeństwa terminali wyselekcjonowano możliwości zmniejszania ryzyka wystąpienia sytuacji awaryjnej na terminalu LNG. Zdefiniowano zadania wykonywane przez termin...

  16. LNG pool fire spectral data and calculation of emissive power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raj, Phani K

    2007-04-11

    Spectral description of thermal emission from fires provides a fundamental basis on which the fire thermal radiation hazard assessment models can be developed. Several field experiments were conducted during the 1970s and 1980s to measure the thermal radiation field surrounding LNG fires. Most of these tests involved the measurement of fire thermal radiation to objects outside the fire envelope using either narrow-angle or wide-angle radiometers. Extrapolating the wide-angle radiometer data without understanding the nature of fire emission is prone to errors. Spectral emissions from LNG fires have been recorded in four test series conducted with LNG fires on different substrates and of different diameters. These include the AGA test series of LNG fires on land of diameters 1.8 and 6m, 35 m diameter fire on an insulated concrete dike in the Montoir tests conducted by Gaz de France, a 1976 test with 13 m diameter and the 1980 tests with 10 m diameter LNG fire on water carried out at China Lake, CA. The spectral data from the Montoir test series have not been published in technical journals; only recently has some data from this series have become available. This paper presents the details of the LNG fire spectral data from, primarily, the China Lake test series, their analysis and results. Available data from other test series are also discussed. China Lake data indicate that the thermal radiation emission from 13 m diameter LNG fire is made up of band emissions of about 50% of energy by water vapor (band emission), about 25% by carbon dioxide and the remainder constituting the continuum emission by luminous soot. The emissions from the H2O and CO2 bands are completely absorbed by the intervening atmosphere in less than about 200 m from the fire, even in the relatively dry desert air. The effective soot radiation constitutes only about 23% during the burning period of methane and increases slightly when other higher hydrocarbon species (ethane, propane, etc.) are

  17. Cost estimate for a proposed GDF Suez LNG testing program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchat, Thomas K.; Brady, Patrick Dennis; Jernigan, Dann A.; Luketa, Anay Josephine; Nissen, Mark R.; Lopez, Carlos; Vermillion, Nancy; Hightower, Marion Michael

    2014-02-01

    At the request of GDF Suez, a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate was prepared for the design, construction, testing, and data analysis for an experimental series of large-scale (Liquefied Natural Gas) LNG spills on land and water that would result in the largest pool fires and vapor dispersion events ever conducted. Due to the expected cost of this large, multi-year program, the authors utilized Sandia's structured cost estimating methodology. This methodology insures that the efforts identified can be performed for the cost proposed at a plus or minus 30 percent confidence. The scale of the LNG spill, fire, and vapor dispersion tests proposed by GDF could produce hazard distances and testing safety issues that need to be fully explored. Based on our evaluations, Sandia can utilize much of our existing fire testing infrastructure for the large fire tests and some small dispersion tests (with some modifications) in Albuquerque, but we propose to develop a new dispersion testing site at our remote test area in Nevada because of the large hazard distances. While this might impact some testing logistics, the safety aspects warrant this approach. In addition, we have included a proposal to study cryogenic liquid spills on water and subsequent vaporization in the presence of waves. Sandia is working with DOE on applications that provide infrastructure pertinent to wave production. We present an approach to conduct repeatable wave/spill interaction testing that could utilize such infrastructure.

  18. Safety in Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buhrow, C. [Technische Univ. Bergakademie, Freiberg (Germany). Lehrstuhl Bergbau/Tiefbau; Niemann-Delius, C.; Okafor, E. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Lehrstuhl und Inst. fuer Bergbaukunde 3

    2005-07-01

    Germany needs an LNG receiving terminal to import LNG and supplement expected future gas supply shortages. Enormous economic benefits also abound if Germany is to install an LNG receiving terminal. Jobs will be created for several hundred people. New tax revenues will be generated for state and local governments and this will further enhance the economic competitiveness of Germany. Additionally, it will provide Germany with a reliable source of clean-burning energy. Any proposed LNG receiving terminal should incorporate safety right from the start. These safety requirements will: ensure that certain public land uses, people, and structures outside the LNG facility boundaries are protected in the event of LNG fire, prevent vapour clouds associated with an LNG spill from reaching a property line that can be built upon, prevent severe burns resulting from thermal radiation, specify requirements for design, construction and use of LNG facilities and other equipments, and promote safe, secure and reliable LNG operations. The German future LNG business will not be complete without the evolution of both local and international standards that can apply to LNG operations. Currently existing European standards also appear inadequate. With an OHSAS 18001 management system integrated with other existing standards we can better control our LNG occupational health and safety risks, and improve performance in the process. Additionally, an OHSAS 18001 System will help future German LNG contractors and operators safeguard their most important assets - their employees. (orig.)

  19. Efficacy of LNG IUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uma Pandey

    2016-02-01

    Results: There were 35 women who were included in this observational study. 94.28% (33/35 women had LNG IUS inserted in theatre whilst 5.7% (2/35 had in the outpatients department. There was improvement in menstrual symptoms in 80% of the patients. There was no relief in the endometriosis group. Total abdominal hysterectomy was performed in 7 women who had endometriosis (20%. Conclusions: In my observational study 80% of women are satisfied with the device and had relief in their symptoms. In view of HMB's high prevalence, an optimal treatment for this kind of menstrual symptoms is very important especially in developing world set up where resources aren't easily available. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(2.000: 445-447

  20. Overview study of LNG release prevention and control systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pelto, P.J.; Baker, E.G.; Holter, G.M.; Powers, T.B.

    1982-03-01

    The liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry employs a variety of release prevention and control techniques to reduce the likelihood and the consequences of accidental LNG releases. A study of the effectiveness of these release prevention and control systems is being performed. Reference descriptions for the basic types of LNG facilities were developed. Then an overview study was performed to identify areas that merit subsequent and more detailed analyses. The specific objectives were to characterize the LNG facilities of interest and their release prevention and control systems, identify possible weak links and research needs, and provide an analytical framework for subsequent detailed analyses. The LNG facilities analyzed include a reference export terminal, marine vessel, import terminal, peakshaving facility, truck tanker, and satellite facility. A reference description for these facilities, a preliminary hazards analysis (PHA), and a list of representative release scenarios are included. The reference facility descriptions outline basic process flows, plant layouts, and safety features. The PHA identifies the important release prevention operations. Representative release scenarios provide a format for discussing potential initiating events, effects of the release prevention and control systems, information needs, and potential design changes. These scenarios range from relatively frequent but low consequence releases to unlikely but large releases and are the principal basis for the next stage of analysis.

  1. No-driving LNG Vehicle Fuel Charge Device%无动力LNG汽车加注装置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文刚; 陈杰

    2013-01-01

    In our country, the LNG filling station is used to supply the vehicle fuel, and LNG is transferred by the LNG pump. In this paper, it introduces a new no-driving LNG vehicle fuel charge device, which is based on the LNG self-vaporizing principle. This device is the solution for the difficult problem of the LNG vehicle filling for the no power area, for example the long road and mine field. It is the means for the development the new LNG vehicle charge market, and it is also used to the emergency filling for the LNG vehicle .%  目前,国内LNG加注站主要用于汽车燃料的LNG加注,常规LNG加注站采用低温泵进行LNG汽车加注。本文主要介绍一种无需LNG泵输送,利用LNG自增压原理,开发了新型的无动力LNG加注装置。新型无动力 LNG 加注装置解决了高速公路、矿场等电力供应匮乏地区的 LNG 汽车加注难题,是LNG汽车加注市场前期开拓的一种有效手段。同时,还可以用作LNG汽车的应急救援车。

  2. Fire suppression system of a small-scale LNG loading facility at PT Badak NGL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yustiarza, Farhan Hilmyawan

    2017-03-01

    LNG progressively become favorable energy to replace oil-based fuel due to lower cost and more environment-friendly. In order to support an emerging LNG demands in Kalimantan, PT Badak NGL, one of the leading LNG Company in the world, develops the land-transported LNG loading facility. This facility performs loading the LNG into a small-scale tank (ISO Tank) with 20 m3 capacities. Safety reviews over this facility were conducted. Based on these reviews, the LNG filling station requires supplemental safeguards, such as LNG spill containment and firefighting foam system besides firewater system and dry chemical system. The spill containment provides holding LNG spill within the limits of plant property, while the high expansion foam system deals to minimize the vaporization rate to prevent a fire incident. This paper mainly discusses designing of such supplemental safeguards. The requirement of the spill containment is 20 m3 (6.3 × 3.3 × 2.0) m and the foam system should be capable generating foam at least 40 m3/min.

  3. LNG terminalil on idaraha keeld / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjon kiirustab Balti riike LNG (vedeldatud maagaasi) terminali asukohas kokku leppima. Kolmest tingimusest, millele peab LNG terminali projekt vastama, et tekiks võimalus kandideerida EL-i toetusele

  4. Sinopec to Launch LNG Project in Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Sinopec has beaten out its domestic rivals-CNOOC and CNPC to win the rights to build a liquefied national (LNG) gas terminal in East China's Shandong Province. Sinopec's move breaks CNOOC's monopoly in building LNG projects along China's coastline.

  5. Offshore Deepwater Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) Ports ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-10

    EPA received three National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit applications for wastewater discharges related to the construction and operation of deepwater LNG ports in state and federal waters of Massachusetts Bay. One was for construction-related discharges associated with the Northeast Gateway LNG deepwater port, one was for operations-related discharges associated with the Northeast Gateway LNG deepwater port, and the other was for both construction-related and operations-related discharges for the Neptune LNG deepwater port.

  6. 46 CFR 154.703 - Methane (LNG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methane (LNG). 154.703 Section 154.703 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SAFETY STANDARDS FOR... and Temperature Control § 154.703 Methane (LNG). Unless a cargo tank carrying methane (LNG)...

  7. Exergy Efficient Application of LNG Cold

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stougie, L.; Van der Kooi, H.J.

    2010-01-01

    The worldwide demand for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is growing, which results in numerous LNG import terminals being under construction. In the interest of sustainable development, it is important to decide carefully upon which technology to apply for evaporating the LNG to natural gas. Three optio

  8. Exploration of New Impetus of Yacht or Cruise ship Based on LNG%基于LNG的游艇或游轮新动力探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐燕铭; 滕宪斌

    2012-01-01

    面对IMO越来越严格的排放标准,对游轮或者游艇动力改进进行探讨,采用清洁能源LNG,改进机舱布置和喷射系统,加强安全设施。同时,也对采用游轮或是游艇LNG作为动力提出了一些建议。%With the increasingly stringent emission standards in the IMO,the paper discusses the power improvement in cruise ships or yachts.It is suggested that clean energy of LNG should be adopted,cabin layout and injection system be improved and security facilities be strengthened.Meanwhile,some proposals are made on LNG as power for cruise ships or yachts.

  9. The importance of LNG for natural gas consumption in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metelska Klaudia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The World market of liquefied natural gas (LNG is growing rapidly. In 2015 LNG production exceeded 333 bcm with its predicted increase up to 450 bcm in 2019. The analysis of LNG role in natural gas import to the EU in recent years shows variability: LNG share in overall import reached 25% in 2011 and it went down to 15% in 2014. The smaller demand for natural gas including LNG in the EU can be due to, among others, a slower economic growth and a dynamic development of the use of renewable energy sources. The article shows the role of natural gas in the structure of consumption of primary energy as well as the changes in demand for natural gas in the years 2007–2014 for the main groups of end users: industry, energy production and individual households. The biggest fall in demand for natural gas has been observed in energy production sector in recent years. This publication continues to analyse the structure of natural gas supplies to the EU, with special emphasis on the directions of LNG import to the countries such as: The UK, Spain, France, Greece, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, Lithuania and The Netherlands. The significance of LNG in the balance of consumption of natural gas in these countries has been presented as well as the infrastructure connected with LNG and plans of development of regasification terminals. In the summary the most important conclusions have been drawn and a chance of the increase in significance of the role of LNG in the balance of natural gas supplies has been pointed out, which is due to the steep fall of LNG prices which has taken place in recent years.

  10. According to the LNG Accident on LNG Gasification Station Safety Management%从 LNG 事故浅谈 LNG 气化站安全管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗冬林

    2012-01-01

      近年来国内 LNG 发展非常快,但由于 LNG 行业在国内普及时间较短,相关的 LNG 气化站的安全管理制度还不太成熟,针对 LNG 的特性分析其事故机理,阐述安全管理预防措施,为 LNG 气化站日常安全运行管理提供借鉴

  11. A NOVEL PROCESS TO USE SALT CAVERNS TO RECEIVE SHIP BORNE LNG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael M. McCall; William M. Bishop; Marcus Krekel; James F. Davis; D. Braxton Scherz

    2005-05-31

    This cooperative research project validates use of man made salt caverns to receive and store the cargoes of LNG ships in lieu of large liquid LNG tanks. Salt caverns will not tolerate direct injection of LNG because it is a cryogenic liquid, too cold for contact with salt. This research confirmed the technical processes and the economic benefits of pressuring the LNG up to dense phase, warming it to salt compatible temperatures and then directly injecting the dense phase gas into salt caverns for storage. The use of salt caverns to store natural gas sourced from LNG imports, particularly when located offshore, provides a highly secure, large scale and lower cost import facility as an alternative to tank based LNG import terminals. This design can unload a ship in the same time as unloading at a tank based terminal. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve uses man made salt caverns to securely store large quantities of crude oil. Similarly, this project describes a novel application of salt cavern gas storage technologies used for the first time in conjunction with LNG receiving. The energy industry uses man made salt caverns to store an array of gases and liquids but has never used man made salt caverns directly in the importation of LNG. This project has adapted and expanded the field of salt cavern storage technology and combined it with novel equipment and processes to accommodate LNG importation. The salt cavern based LNG receiving terminal described in the project can be located onshore or offshore, but the focus of the design and cost estimates has been on an offshore location, away from congested channels and ports. The salt cavern based terminal can provide large volumes of gas storage, high deliverability from storage, and is simplified in operation compared to tank based LNG terminals. Phase I of this project included mathematical modeling that proved a salt cavern based receiving terminal could be built at lower capital cost, and would have significantly higher

  12. Simulation of LNG Refrigerated Truck's Cold Energy Recovery System%LNG冷藏车冷量回收系统仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张哲; 田津津; 毛力; 孙冰冰

    2012-01-01

    液化天然气(LNG)在气化升温过程中会释放大量的冷量,LNG冷藏车回收并利用该冷量对车厢进行供冷,该冷藏车具有节能和环保的特点.本文介绍了LNG冷藏车的基本原理以及新型冷量回收系统的设计方案,为了研究LNG冷藏车的供冷性能,建立了仿真模型并对冷藏车冷量回收系统进行模拟计算,分析了乙二醇入口温度和流量、LNG流量、风速、系统压力对制冷量、空气出口温度的影响.计算结果显示,乙二醇流量是对系统性能具有重要影响参数之一,通过对结果分析,证明了LNG冷量回收应用于冷藏车制冷的可行性,同时为LNG冷藏车的系统设计提供了参数.研究结论对LNG冷藏车设计具有重要的参考价值.%The vaporization of LNG in the heating process releases a lot of cold energy. The cold energy was used to cool the air temperature in LNG refrigerated trucks which is energy-saving and environmental protection. The basic principles of LNG refrigerated trucks and the design of cold recovery system were described. In order to research the cooling performance of LNG refrigerated trucks, a simulation model was established. The effect of the glycol inlet temperature and flow rate, natural gas flow rate, wind speed and the system pressure on the cooling capacity and air outlet temperature were analyzed. The results show that ethylene glycol flow is an important factor on system performance and LNG cold energy recovery is suitable for the refrigerated truck. The bases for design of LNG refrigerated trucks are provided according to the analysis. The conclusion is of great significance on the design of LNG refrigerated trucks in industry.

  13. 虚拟仿真技术的三维LNG培训系统%LNG Technology Training Systems Based on Three-dimensional Virtual Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国光; 刘源海; 蒋茂琴

    2015-01-01

    Taking virtual three-dimensional simulation technology into LNG filling station staff training system, not only improve the efficiency of new employees, but also ensure the safe operation of LNG filling stations. The article describes the composition of the simulation system, designing model of each sub-module, NURBS modeling software methods and demonstrate interactive features of simulation system.The simulation system can be used for teaching and training, skills training staff to operate the new posts and accident drills and personnel rotation. Because of its vivid, lively and infectious, it can better mobilize the enthusiasm of students, improve the efficiency and quality of staff training and provide some technical support for the safe operation of LNG filling stations. Set of nature, science, flexibility in LNG simulation training system that can be better used in teaching and training related to LNG filling stations, is an effective means of improving staff skills.%将虚拟三维仿真技术引入到 LNG 加注站员工培训系统中, 不仅提高了新员工的工作效率, 还能保证LNG加注站的安全运行.文章系统的介绍了仿真系统的组成,各子模块的设计模型, NURBS软件建模的方法,演示了仿真系统的人机交互功能. 该仿真系统可用于专业教学与实习、新上岗员工操作技能培训以及在岗人员事故演练与轮训. 由于其逼真、生动、感染性好, 可更好的调动学员积极性, 提高员工培训效率和质量, 为LNG加注站的安全运行提供一定的技术保障. 集先进性、科学性、灵活性于一体的 LNG 仿真培训系统, 能更好的应用于LNG加注站相关教学与培训, 是一种有效的提高人员技术水平的手段.

  14. 78 FR 38703 - LNG Development Company (d/b/a Oregon LNG); Oregon Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission LNG Development Company (d/b/a Oregon LNG); Oregon Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on June 7, 2013, LNG Development Company, LLC (d/ b/a Oregon LNG) (Oregon LNG), 8100 NE Parkway Drive, Suite 165, Vancouver, WA 98662, filed in Docket No. CP9-6-001...

  15. 77 FR 43589 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P., Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P., FLNG Liquefaction LLC; Supplemental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Freeport LNG Development, L.P., Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P., FLNG... proposed by Freeport LNG Development, L.P., Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P, and FLNG Liquefaction LLC... existing liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal on Quintana Island in Brazoria County, Texas....

  16. 77 FR 38790 - Noble Americas Gas & Power Corp., LNG Development Company, LLC, LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... Americas Gas & Power Corp., LNG Development Company, LLC, LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b/a Oregon LNG... Corp. authority to import/ export natural gas from/ to Canada/Mexico, and to import LNG from various international sources by vessel. 3099 05/31/12 12-43-NG LNG Development Order granting blanket Company,...

  17. 76 FR 53440 - Freeport LNG Development, LP; Freeport LNG Expansion, LP; FLNG Liquefaction LLC; Notice of Intent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Freeport LNG Development, LP; Freeport LNG Expansion, LP; FLNG Liquefaction... construction and operation of facilities proposed by Freeport LNG Development, LP, Freeport LNG Expansion, LP... liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal on Quintana Island in Brazoria County, Texas. The Project...

  18. 77 FR 58373 - Trunkline LNG Company, LLC; Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Trunkline LNG Company, LLC; Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Trunkline Gas Company... Project involving construction and operation of facilities by Trunkline LNG Company, LLC/Trunkline LNG... Trunkline plans to expand its existing liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Calcasieu Parish,...

  19. Fuelling the future with LNG

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anonymous

    2013-01-01

    It is important to be able to quantify risks in order to determine LNG behaviour and to ensure its containment. This facilitates comprehensive safety management. Quantitative risk assessments are necessary to enable the selection of preventive and protective measures that suit the situation. Every s

  20. 75 FR 26744 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ...-000] Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Application May 5, 2010. On April 22, 2010, Cameron LNG, LLC filed... directed to William D. Rapp, Senior Regulatory Counsel at Cameron LNG, LLC, 101 Ash Street, HQ-12,...

  1. Emerging indications for the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikinheimo, Oskari; Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina

    2012-01-01

    The levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), originally designed for long-term contraceptive use, has been on the Scandinavian market for approximately 20 years. Novel clinical indications for the LNG-IUS, derived mainly from investigator-initiated studies, are emerging. These include heavy menstrual bleeding associated with uterine fibroids, endometriosis, adenomyosis, as well as endometrial hyperplasia. In both cohort and randomized studies, the LNG-IUS is effective in decreasing heavy menstrual bleeding, also in women diagnosed with uterine fibroids. In randomized studies the LNG-IUS has shown comparable clinical efficacy to GnRH analogues or progestins for the symptomatic treatment of endometriosis. Experience with LNG-IUS in adenomyosis is based on prospective cohort studies. Dysmenorrhea has been reported to decrease in all women, and uterine volume was seen to diminish in some of these studies. In the treatment of endometrial hyperplasias, including atypical hyperplasia, the LNG-IUS is equal or superior to treatment with systemic progestins. Further studies are needed to examine the full potential of the LNG-IUS in such common clinical situations.

  2. LNG Bunkering Operations: Establish probabilistic safety distances for LNG bunkering operations.

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The environmental and economical advantages of using LNG as marine fuel have been recognized by the industry. In response to increasing demand, construction of LNG bunkering infrastructure is under rapid development. Several ports are preparing to supply LNG, but uncertainties concerning the bunkering process and operational safety still exist. Recently, much work has been done to standardize LNG bunkering solutions, including a launch of an ISO guideline and a Recommended Practice (RP) by DN...

  3. Fire performance of LNG carriers insulated with polystyrene foam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havens, Jerry; Venart, James

    2008-10-30

    Analysis of the response of a liquid-full Moss Sphere LNG tank insulated with polystyrene foam to an engulfing LNG fire indicates that current regulatory requirements for pressure relief capacity sufficient to prevent tank rupture are inadequate. The inadequacy of the current requirements stems primarily from two factors. Firstly, the area of the Moss Sphere protruding above what would be the nominal deck on a conventional carrier, which is protected only by a steel weather cover from exposure to heat from a tank-engulfing fire, is being underestimated. Secondly, aluminum foil-covered polystyrene foam insulation applied to the exterior of the LNG tank is protected above the deck only by the steel weather cover under which the insulation could begin to melt in as little as 1-3 min, and could completely liquefy in as few as 10 min. U.S. and International Regulations require that the insulations on the above-deck portion of tanks have approved fire proofing and stability under fire exposure. Polystyrene foam, as currently installed on LNG carriers, does not appear to meet these criteria. As a result of these findings, but giving no consideration to the significant potential for further damage if the polystyrene should burn, the boil-off rate is predicted to be an order-of-magnitude higher than provided for by current PRV sizing requirements.

  4. HK to Benefit from Imported LNG Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Jianjun

    2002-01-01

    @@ Hong Kong is expected to buy one third of the mainland's US$ 10 billion worth of imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) to satisfy its growing energy demand, Mark Qiu, chief financial officer of CNOOC, said recently. He added Hong Kong will buy 1 million tons of LNG a year from the mainland's first LNG terminal in southern Guangdong Province to fuel the power plants and household consumption in the region.

  5. Rapid response calculation of LNG cargo containment system under sloshing load using wavelet transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yooil

    2013-06-01

    Reliable strength assessment of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) cargo containment system under the sloshing impact load is very difficult task due to the complexity of the physics involved in, both in terms of the hydrodynamics and structural mechanics. Out of all those complexities, the proper selection of the design sloshing load which is applied to the structural model of the LNG cargo containment system, is one of the most challenging one due to its inherent randomness as well as the statistical analysis which is tightly linked to the design sloshing load selection. In this study, the response based strength assessment procedure of LNG cargo containment system has been developed and proposed as an alternative design methodology. Sloshing pressure time history, measured from the model test, is decomposed into wavelet basis function targeting the minimization of the number of the basis function together with the maximization of the numerical efficiency. Then the response of the structure is obtained using the finite element method under each wavelet basis function of different scale. Finally, the response of the structure under entire sloshing impact time history is rapidly calculated by synthesizing the structural response under wavelet basis function. Through this analysis, more realistic response of the system under sloshing impact pressure can be obtained without missing the details of pressure time history such as rising pattern, oscillation due to air entrapment and decay pattern and so on. The strength assessment of the cargo containment system is then performed based on the statistical analysis of the stress peaks selected out of the obtained stress time history.

  6. 内罐泄漏条件下LNG储罐外罐地震响应分析%Seismic Response Analysis on Outer Wall of LNG Storage Tank under the Inner Tank Leakage Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利剑; 黄兢; 王向英; 范远刚

    2012-01-01

    针对内罐泄漏条件下LNG(液化天然气)储罐混凝土外罐,采用不同场地、不同方向地震波对其进行地震响应分析,得出地震波波形及方向对储罐外罐的地震响应的影响.结果表明:坚硬场地垂直向地震波对外罐加速度的影响较小,其他场地垂直向地震波对外罐的加速度影响较大,特别是软弱场地的影响最大;垂直向地震波对外罐有效应力的影响很小.%Seismic response analysis on outer wall of LNG storage tank under the inner tank leakage conditions is performed. Influence of different earthquake waveforms and the directions on tank's seismic respond is discussed. The results show that the vertical seismic wave in hard field has less influence on acceleration distribution, specially, the however vertical seismic wave in other locations has great influence on acceleration distribution specially, the impact is greatest in the soft location. The vertical seismic wave has very small effect on effective stress of the outer wall.

  7. LNG Safety Assessment Evaluation Methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muna, Alice Baca [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); LaFleur, Angela Christine [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Sandia National Laboratories evaluated published safety assessment methods across a variety of industries including Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), hydrogen, land and marine transportation, as well as the US Department of Defense (DOD). All the methods were evaluated for their potential applicability for use in the LNG railroad application. After reviewing the documents included in this report, as well as others not included because of repetition, the Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Safety Plan Checklist is most suitable to be adapted to the LNG railroad application. This report was developed to survey industries related to rail transportation for methodologies and tools that can be used by the FRA to review and evaluate safety assessments submitted by the railroad industry as a part of their implementation plans for liquefied or compressed natural gas storage ( on-board or tender) and engine fueling delivery systems. The main sections of this report provide an overview of various methods found during this survey. In most cases, the reference document is quoted directly. The final section provides discussion and a recommendation for the most appropriate methodology that will allow efficient and consistent evaluations to be made. The DOE Hydrogen Safety Plan Checklist was then revised to adapt it as a methodology for the Federal Railroad Administration’s use in evaluating safety plans submitted by the railroad industry.

  8. 33 CFR 127.321 - Release of LNG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Release of LNG. 127.321 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.321 Release of LNG. (a) The operator of the waterfront facility handling LNG shall ensure that— (1) No person releases LNG into the...

  9. 78 FR 41047 - UGI LNG, Inc.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission UGI LNG, Inc.; Notice of Application On June 17, 2013, UGI LNG, Inc. (UGI LNG) filed a request pursuant to section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act, and Part 157 of the Rules and Regulations of the Commission. UGI LNG seeks authorization to construct additional refrigeration capacity...

  10. 49 CFR 193.2181 - Impoundment capacity: LNG storage tanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Impoundment capacity: LNG storage tanks. 193.2181... Impoundment capacity: LNG storage tanks. Each impounding system serving an LNG storage tank must have a minimum volumetric liquid impoundment capacity of: (a) 110 percent of the LNG tank's maximum...

  11. Numerical investigation of supercritical LNG convective heat transfer in a horizontal serpentine tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Chang-Liang; Ren, Jing-Jie; Dong, Wen-Ping; Bi, Ming-Shu

    2016-09-01

    The submerged combustion vaporizer (SCV) is indispensable general equipment for liquefied natural gas (LNG) receiving terminals. In this paper, numerical simulation was conducted to get insight into the flow and heat transfer characteristics of supercritical LNG on the tube-side of SCV. The SST model with enhanced wall treatment method was utilized to handle the coupled wall-to-LNG heat transfer. The thermal-physical properties of LNG under supercritical pressure were used for this study. After the validation of model and method, the effects of mass flux, outer wall temperature and inlet pressure on the heat transfer behaviors were discussed in detail. Then the non-uniformity heat transfer mechanism of supercritical LNG and effect of natural convection due to buoyancy change in the tube was discussed based on the numerical results. Moreover, different flow and heat transfer characteristics inside the bend tube sections were also analyzed. The obtained numerical results showed that the local surface heat transfer coefficient attained its peak value when the bulk LNG temperature approached the so-called pseudo-critical temperature. Higher mass flux could eliminate the heat transfer deteriorations due to the increase of turbulent diffusion. An increase of outer wall temperature had a significant influence on diminishing heat transfer ability of LNG. The maximum surface heat transfer coefficient strongly depended on inlet pressure. Bend tube sections could enhance the heat transfer due to secondary flow phenomenon. Furthermore, based on the current simulation results, a new dimensionless, semi-theoretical empirical correlation was developed for supercritical LNG convective heat transfer in a horizontal serpentine tube. The paper provided the mechanism of heat transfer for the design of high-efficiency SCV.

  12. Strength Analysis of Small and Medium LNG Carrier Hull Structure near the Bearing of Cargo Tank%中小型LNG船鞍座及附近船体结构强度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青松; 陆丛红; 纪卓尚

    2011-01-01

    The structure and equipment of the small and medium LNG carrier are quite different from large-scale LNG carrier.When the ship is sailing at sea, the static and dynamic loads act on the bearings simultaneously.So the structure stress of the bearings will be very complicated.The stress distribution at the bearings and at the nearby hull structure is directly related to the reliability and security of this type of LNG carrier.The types and the functions of the C-shape independent liquid tank's bearing of the small and medium LNG carrier are described in detail in this paper.Combining with the Rules for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk of the China Classification Society, the radial force distribution function of the bearing-load area is deduced under various working conditions, including still water, heave only, rolling only,and heave and rolling simultaneously.The finite element model for the bearings and the nearby hull structure of a 6400m3 LNG carier is created.The loads required by the rules are imposed on the model with loads superposed method.The stress results are obtained and analyzed, and the dangerous working condition and the dangerous position are found.Referring to the stress distribution, structure improvement measures are provided.The research is meaningful for structure strength analysis and structure design of the similar bearing and the nearby hull structure.%中小型LNG船与传统大型LNG船相比,在结构设置和内部设备等方面有着很大差别.船在海上航行时,受动、静载荷的综合作用,鞍座的应力分布比较复杂.因此鞍座及附近船体的应力分布情况直接关系到此种LNG运输船使用的可靠性与安全性.详细介绍了中小型LNG船C型独立液货舱货罐鞍座的结构及其承载作用.结合中国船级社,推导出船舶在静水、仅垂荡、仅横摇以及垂荡和横摇并存状态下鞍座承载区域所受径向力的分布函数.利用 ANSYS

  13. 76 FR 2677 - Southern LNG Company, LLC; Notice of Public Scoping Meeting for the Proposed LNG Truck Loading...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern LNG Company, LLC; Notice of Public Scoping Meeting for the Proposed LNG Truck Loading Project January 7, 2011. On February 2, 2011, the Office of Energy Projects staff... Southern LNG Company, LLC's (Southern) LNG Truck Loading Project. We scheduled this meeting to...

  14. Numerical simulations of LNG vapor dispersion in Brayton Fire Training Field tests with ANSYS CFX.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Ruifeng; Ng, Dedy; Cormier, Benjamin R; Mannan, M Sam

    2010-11-15

    Federal safety regulations require the use of validated consequence models to determine the vapor cloud dispersion exclusion zones for accidental liquefied natural gas (LNG) releases. One tool that is being developed in industry for exclusion zone determination and LNG vapor dispersion modeling is computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This paper uses the ANSYS CFX CFD code to model LNG vapor dispersion in the atmosphere. Discussed are important parameters that are essential inputs to the ANSYS CFX simulations, including the atmospheric conditions, LNG evaporation rate and pool area, turbulence in the source term, ground surface temperature and roughness height, and effects of obstacles. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to illustrate uncertainties in the simulation results arising from the mesh size and source term turbulence intensity. In addition, a set of medium-scale LNG spill tests were performed at the Brayton Fire Training Field to collect data for validating the ANSYS CFX prediction results. A comparison of test data with simulation results demonstrated that CFX was able to describe the dense gas behavior of LNG vapor cloud, and its prediction results of downwind gas concentrations close to ground level were in approximate agreement with the test data.

  15. Management of primary dysmenorrhea in young women with frameless LNG-IUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wildemeersch D

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Dirk Wildemeersch,1 Sohela Jandi,2 Ansgar Pett,2 Thomas Hasskamp3 1Gynecological Outpatient Clinic and IUD Training Center, Ghent, Belgium; 2Gynecological Outpatient Clinic, Berlin, Germany; 3GynMünster, Münster, Germany Abstract: The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential advantages of intrauterine treatment with a frameless levonorgestrel (LNG-releasing intrauterine system (IUS in young women presenting with primary dysmenorrhea associated with heavy menstrual bleeding. The paper is based on clinical reports of 21 cases of primary and secondary dysmenorrhea treated with the frameless LNG-IUS. Three typical examples of young women between 16 and 20 years of age, who presented with moderate-to-severe primary dysmenorrhea associated with heavy menstrual bleeding, are presented as examples. Following pelvic examination, including vaginal sonography, a frameless LNG-IUS, releasing 20 µg of LNG/day, was inserted. The three patients developed amenorrhea, or scanty menstrual bleeding, and absence of pain complaints within a few months. We conclude that continuous, intrauterine progestogen delivery could be a treatment of choice of this inconvenient condition. In addition, the good experiences with the frameless LNG-IUS in other studies suggests that the frameless design may be preferred over a framed LNG-IUS, as the absence of a frame, resulting in optimal tolerance, is particularly advantageous in these women. Keywords: heavy menstrual bleeding, contraception, FibroPlant, intrauterine system

  16. DAMPAK LNG ACADEMY TERHADAP KESIAPAN TENAGA KERJA BARU DI BADAK LNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Busori Sunaryo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available LNG Academy diharapkan mampu menghasilkan individu yang memiliki kemampuan tinggi dan bisa memadukan antara pendidikan dan dunia industri. Hal ini juga mendukung program pemerintah dalam mengurangi tingkat pengangguran, terutama lulusan perguruan tinggi. Program management trainee di Badak LNG, lulusan dari LNG academy menbutuhkan waktu 6 bulan untuk melalui tahap pelatihan kerja serta pelatihan kerja khusus. Sedangkan lulusan program MT di luar LNG academy biasanya membutuhkan waktu 18 bulan untuk melalui masa training. Artinya ini akan menghemat 12 bulan. Sejak kelar perdana di kampus, siswa sudah diperkenalkan dengan lingkungan kerja pada perusahaan gas alam. Oleh karena itu, lulusan LNG academy yang bekerja di Badak LNG tidak menemukan kesulitan berarti saat beradaptasi dengan lingkungan kerja. Dalam jangka pendek mereka dapat langsung siap bekerja dan mengetahui betapa strategis dampak dari bisnis gas alam cair dalam peta pembangunan nasional.LNG Academy is able to produce individuals (output who have a considerably high link and match between education and industrial world. It also supports the governmental programs in reducing unemployment rates, especially the individuals graduated from university. It can also overcome the issue related to duration. Badak LNG Management Trainees, graduated from LNG Academy class, need only 6 months to pass the On Job Training as well as Job Specific Training. Whereas the MT graduated from outside the LNG Academy usually need 18 months in order to pass the trainings. It means that there are 12 months which can be saved (outcome.  Since the early classes in the academy, the students have been introduced to the working ecosystem of the liquid natural gas company. Therefore, LNG Academy graduates who work for Badak LNG have no significant difficulty adapting with the working ecosystem, whether it is related to the working mechanism or other working cultures. In a short duration, they can be directly working

  17. Progress and Prospect of LNG Cold Energy Utilization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua Ben

    2009-01-01

    @@ Values and utilization significance of LNG cold energy LNG is a cryogenic liquid mixture made from gas through purification and liquefaction at the temperature of 162℃.850 kWh/t of power may be consumed for LNG production.230kWh/t of cold energy with the temperature ranging from-162℃ to 5℃ may be released when LNG is gasified under the pressure of latm.During actual gasification operation,pumps are required to be used to increase pressure for LNG gasification and delivery,so part of LNG cold energy will be converted into pressure energy(Fig.1).

  18. LNG terminal location still a tossup

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Lätti rajatava LNG terminali asukoht pole veel teada. 16. märtsil kohtus Poola president Bronislaw Komorowki Läti riigipea Valdis Zatlersiga ja kiitis selle projekti heaks. Venemaast energiasõltumatuse olulisusest

  19. LNG: a commodity in the making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chabrelie, M.F

    2006-07-01

    Although still far from being a commodity, LNG is undoubtedly emerging as an essential vector for world gas expansion. The flexibility it procures in terms of supply is of prime importance for future market equilibrium. Despite a number of uncertainties and constraints liable to thwart the realisation of the most optimistic growth prospects, the LNG trade remains wedded to rapid growth of about 7%/year by 2020, boosting its share of world gas trade to some 38% by that horizon. (author)

  20. Australian Eager to Enter China's LNG Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Han

    2002-01-01

    @@ Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile made a trip to China, Japan and Republic of Korea in mid-April in an attempt to locate potential users for LNG from the northwestern continental shelf of the country.Australia has made tenacious efforts for the annual 3-million-ton LNG supply project in China's Guangdong Province. In addition, Australia also hopes to have more users in Japan and Republic of Korea.

  1. A methodology for risk analysis based on hybrid Bayesian networks: application to the regasification system of liquefied natural gas onboard a floating storage and regasification unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Marcelo Ramos; Schleder, Adriana Miralles; Droguett, Enrique López

    2014-12-01

    This article presents an iterative six-step risk analysis methodology based on hybrid Bayesian networks (BNs). In typical risk analysis, systems are usually modeled as discrete and Boolean variables with constant failure rates via fault trees. Nevertheless, in many cases, it is not possible to perform an efficient analysis using only discrete and Boolean variables. The approach put forward by the proposed methodology makes use of BNs and incorporates recent developments that facilitate the use of continuous variables whose values may have any probability distributions. Thus, this approach makes the methodology particularly useful in cases where the available data for quantification of hazardous events probabilities are scarce or nonexistent, there is dependence among events, or when nonbinary events are involved. The methodology is applied to the risk analysis of a regasification system of liquefied natural gas (LNG) on board an FSRU (floating, storage, and regasification unit). LNG is becoming an important energy source option and the world's capacity to produce LNG is surging. Large reserves of natural gas exist worldwide, particularly in areas where the resources exceed the demand. Thus, this natural gas is liquefied for shipping and the storage and regasification process usually occurs at onshore plants. However, a new option for LNG storage and regasification has been proposed: the FSRU. As very few FSRUs have been put into operation, relevant failure data on FSRU systems are scarce. The results show the usefulness of the proposed methodology for cases where the risk analysis must be performed under considerable uncertainty.

  2. Key Marine Techniques of Floating LNG Receiving Terminals in Tianjin%天津浮式LNG接收终端涉海关键技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞启秀; 张义丰; 张娜; 解鸣晓; 姚姗姗

    2016-01-01

    Based on the analysis of field data,key marine problems of China’s first floating LNG project,Tianjin floating LNG terminal project,were studied systematically with methods of mathematical model and physical model,including tidal current,sediment,waves,sea water circulating cooling discharge,etc.Results have been applied in the design and construction of wharf,breakwater,water intakes and outlets of the floating LNG receiving terminal,which savesthe cost of construction and improves navigation and parking conditions.As a key project of Tianjin,the Tianjin floating LNG pro-ject has effectively improved the energy structure of Tianjin City,which has significant social benefits.%针对我国首个浮式LNG项目——天津浮式LNG接收终端项目,在广泛收集和分析现场实测资料的基础上,综合采用潮流数学模型、泥沙数学模型、冷排放数学模型和波浪数学模型、波浪整体物理模型、波浪断面模型等多种研究手段,系统研究潮流、泥沙、波浪、循环水冷排放等涉海关键问题,为浮式 LNG 接收终端项目的防波堤、码头、取排水口布置等工程的设计和建设提供了关键技术支撑,从而为节约工程建设费用、改善通航和停泊条件等做出了贡献。作为天津市重点工程,天津浮式 LNG 项目实施后有效改善了天津市能源结构,促进了经济发展和宜居城市建设,具有显著的社会效益。

  3. Thermodynamic Processes Involving Liquefied Natural Gas at the LNG Receiving Terminals / Procesy termodynamiczne z wykorzystaniem skroplonego gazu ziemnego w terminalach odbiorczych LNG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łaciak, Mariusz

    2013-06-01

    The increase in demand for natural gas in the world, cause that the production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and in consequences its regasification becoming more common process related to its transportation. Liquefied gas is transported in the tanks at a temperature of about 111K at atmospheric pressure. The process required to convert LNG from a liquid to a gas phase for further pipeline transport, allows the use of exergy of LNG to various applications, including for electricity generation. Exergy analysis is a well known technique for analyzing irreversible losses in a separate process. It allows to specify the distribution, the source and size of the irreversible losses in energy systems, and thus provide guidelines for energy efficiency. Because both the LNG regasification and liquefaction of natural gas are energy intensive, exergy analysis process is essential for designing highly efficient cryogenic installations. Wzrost zapotrzebowania na gaz ziemny na świecie powoduje, że produkcja skroplonego gazu ziemnego (LNG), a w konsekwencji jego regazyfikacja, staje się coraz bardziej powszechnym procesem związanym z jego transportem. Skroplony gaz transportowany jest w zbiornikach w temperaturze około 111K pod ciśnieniem atmosferycznym. Przebieg procesu regazyfikacji niezbędny do zamiany LNG z fazy ciekłej w gazową dla dalszego transportu w sieci, umożliwia wykorzystanie egzergii LNG do różnych zastosowań, między innymi do produkcji energii elektrycznej. Analiza egzergii jest znaną techniką analizowania nieodwracalnych strat w wydzielonym procesie. Pozwala na określenie dystrybucji, źródła i wielkości nieodwracalnych strat w systemach energetycznych, a więc ustalić wytyczne dotyczące efektywnego zużycia energii. Ponieważ zarówno regazyfikacja LNG jak i skraplanie gazu ziemnego są energochłonne, proces analizy egzergii jest niezbędny do projektowania wysoce wydajnych instalacji kriogenicznych.

  4. Effects of lng Mutations on LngA Expression, Processing, and CS21 Assembly in Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli E9034A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldaña-Ahuactzi, Zeus; Rodea, Gerardo E.; Cruz-Córdova, Ariadnna; Rodríguez-Ramírez, Viridiana; Espinosa-Mazariego, Karina; González-Montalvo, Martín A.; Ochoa, Sara A.; González-Pedrajo, Bertha; Eslava-Campos, Carlos A.; López-Villegas, Edgar O.; Hernández-Castro, Rigoberto; Arellano-Galindo, José; Patiño-López, Genaro; Xicohtencatl-Cortes, Juan

    2016-01-01

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause of morbidity in children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries and a leading cause of traveler's diarrhea worldwide. The ability of ETEC to colonize the intestinal epithelium is mediated by fimbrial adhesins, such as CS21 (Longus). This adhesin is a type IVb pilus involved in adherence to intestinal cells in vitro and bacterial self-aggregation. Fourteen open reading frames have been proposed to be involved in CS21 assembly, hitherto only the lngA and lngB genes, coding for the major (LngA) and minor (LngB) structural subunit, have been characterized. In this study, we investigated the role of the LngA, LngB, LngC, LngD, LngH, and LngP proteins in the assembly of CS21 in ETEC strain E9034A. The deletion of the lngA, lngB, lngC, lngD, lngH, or lngP genes, abolished CS21 assembly in ETEC strain E9034A and the adherence to HT-29 cells was reduced 90%, compared to wild-type strain. Subcellular localization prediction of CS21 proteins was similar to other well-known type IV pili homologs. We showed that LngP is the prepilin peptidase of LngA, and that ETEC strain E9034A has another peptidase capable of processing LngA, although with less efficiency. Additionally, we present immuno-electron microscopy images to show that the LngB protein could be localized at the tip of CS21. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that the LngA, LngB, LngC, LngD, LngH, and LngP proteins are essential for CS21 assembly, as well as for bacterial aggregation and adherence to HT-29 cells. PMID:27536289

  5. Results of the evaluation and preliminary validation of a primary LNG mass flow standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Beek, Mijndert; Lucas, Peter; Kerkhof, Oswin; Mirzaei, Maria; Blom, Gerard

    2014-10-01

    LNG custody transfer measurements at large terminals have been based on ship tank level gauging for more than 50 years. Flow meter application has mainly been limited to process control in spite of the promise of simplified operations, potentially smaller uncertainties and better control over the measurements for buyers. The reason for this has been the lack of LNG flow calibration standards as well as written standards. In the framework of the EMRP1 ‘Metrology for LNG’ project, Van Swinden Laboratory (VSL) has developed a primary LNG mass flow standard. This standard is so far the only one in the world except for a liquid nitrogen flow standard at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The VSL standard is based on weighing and holds a Calibration and Measurement Capability (CMC) of 0.12% to 0.15%. This paper discusses the measurement principle, results of the uncertainty validation with LNG and the differences between water and LNG calibration results of four Coriolis mass flow meters. Most of the calibrated meters do not comply with their respective accuracy claims. Recommendations for further improvement of the measurement uncertainty will also be discussed.

  6. Analysis of influencing factors of effective mooring for the wharf of Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal%江苏LNG接收站码头有效系泊影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛; 陈汝夏

    2012-01-01

    In order to ensure effective mooring of LNG carriers during gas unloading operation in the wharf of Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal, avoid the cable cracking and LNG carriers' drift, ensure the safety of personnel, wharf facilities as well as LNG carriers and make sure that gas unloading operation is conducted smoothly, mooring tensions are analyzed in combination with the meteorological and oceanographic conditions, and the major factors influencing on the mooring safety of wharf in Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal are analyzed and summarized. Moreover, the critical influencing factors are presented as follows: wind force more than 6, especially at the end of gas unloading operation and in the period of high tide; spring tide, especially three hours before high tide and two hours before low tide, and resultant force of swell and current. Furthermore, the corresponding countermeasures are put forward respectively from three stages, that is, pre-arrival of LNG carriers, mooring period of LNG carriers and post-departure of LNG carriers.%结合LNG船舶系泊码头期间的气象、水文信息,分析缆绳受力情况,对影响江苏LNG接收站码头系泊安全主要因素进行了分析总结,指出了影响有效系泊的关键因素:风力超过6级、卸货作业结束前后及高潮期间;大潮汛,高潮前3h和低潮前2 h;涌浪与潮流叠加影响.分别从LNG船舶靠泊前、LNG船舶停泊过程中和LNG船舶离泊后3个阶段提出了相应的预防对策.

  7. A NOVEL PROCESS TO USE SALT CAVERNS TO RECEIVE SHIP BORNE LNG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael M. McCall; William M. Bishop; Marcus Krekel; James F. Davis; D. Braxton Scherz

    2005-05-31

    This cooperative research project validates use of man made salt caverns to receive and store the cargoes of LNG ships in lieu of large liquid LNG tanks. Salt caverns will not tolerate direct injection of LNG because it is a cryogenic liquid, too cold for contact with salt. This research confirmed the technical processes and the economic benefits of pressuring the LNG up to dense phase, warming it to salt compatible temperatures and then directly injecting the dense phase gas into salt caverns for storage. The use of salt caverns to store natural gas sourced from LNG imports, particularly when located offshore, provides a highly secure, large scale and lower cost import facility as an alternative to tank based LNG import terminals. This design can unload a ship in the same time as unloading at a tank based terminal. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve uses man made salt caverns to securely store large quantities of crude oil. Similarly, this project describes a novel application of salt cavern gas storage technologies used for the first time in conjunction with LNG receiving. The energy industry uses man made salt caverns to store an array of gases and liquids but has never used man made salt caverns directly in the importation of LNG. This project has adapted and expanded the field of salt cavern storage technology and combined it with novel equipment and processes to accommodate LNG importation. The salt cavern based LNG receiving terminal described in the project can be located onshore or offshore, but the focus of the design and cost estimates has been on an offshore location, away from congested channels and ports. The salt cavern based terminal can provide large volumes of gas storage, high deliverability from storage, and is simplified in operation compared to tank based LNG terminals. Phase I of this project included mathematical modeling that proved a salt cavern based receiving terminal could be built at lower capital cost, and would have significantly higher

  8. 75 FR 11000 - Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX AGENCY... in the Freeport LNG Basin. This security zone is needed to protect vessels, waterfront facilities... notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX in...

  9. 49 CFR 193.2019 - Mobile and temporary LNG facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mobile and temporary LNG facilities. 193.2019... LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS General § 193.2019 Mobile and temporary LNG facilities. (a) Mobile and temporary LNG facilities for peakshaving application, for service...

  10. 46 CFR 154.1854 - Methane (LNG) as fuel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methane (LNG) as fuel. 154.1854 Section 154.1854... STANDARDS FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1854 Methane (LNG) as fuel. (a) If methane (LNG) vapors are used as fuel in the main propulsion system of a vessel,...

  11. 76 FR 73609 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on November 4, 2010, Cameron LNG, LLC (Cameron), 101 Ash Street, San Diego, California 92101, filed in Docket No. CP12- 15-000... operate a boil-off gas (BOG) liquefaction system at its LNG import terminal in Cameron Parish,...

  12. LNG加气站 BOG 用于站内生活用气的可行性探讨%Discussion on the feasibility of using BOG for life in a LNG filling station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖晓梦; 张昀; 伍婷

    2016-01-01

    目前国内大多数LNG 加气站产生的BOG 都直接排放,造成能源浪费和安全风险。在LNG加气站工艺流程分析的基础上,探讨了LNG加气站内BOG的来源,对BOG回收作为站内自用气(采暖、做饭、淋浴)的可行性进行了研究,并通过实例计算,从经济角度论证了BOG回收作为站内自用气的可行性。结果表明,将LNG加气站BOG回收作为站内自用气的方案具有可行性,不仅能够带来可观的经济效益,而且对LNG站场运行安全具有重要意义。%Nowadays in China ,BOG generated in LNG filling station is released directly ,which leads to the waste of energy and the risk of safety .Based on the analysis of LNG filling station process flow ,the source of BOG in LNG filling station is discussed ,and the research on feasibility of using BOG for life (heating ,cooking ,showering) is carried out ,as well as a real station for an example , the practicability from economic angle is discussed .The results show that it is feasible to use BOG for life and has not only economic benefits but also an important meaning for the safety of a LNG filling station .

  13. LNG systems for natural gas propelled ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chorowski, M.; Duda, P.; Polinski, J.; Skrzypacz, J.

    2015-12-01

    In order to reduce the atmospheric pollution generated by ships, the International Marine Organization has established Emission Controlled Areas. In these areas, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides and particulates emission is strongly controlled. From the beginning of 2015, the ECA covers waters 200 nautical miles from the coast of the US and Canada, the US Caribbean Sea area, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the English Channel. From the beginning of 2020, strong emission restrictions will also be in force outside the ECA. This requires newly constructed ships to be either equipped with exhaust gas cleaning devices or propelled with emission free fuels. In comparison to low sulphur Marine Diesel and Marine Gas Oil, LNG is a competitive fuel, both from a technical and economical point of view. LNG can be stored in vacuum insulated tanks fulfilling the difficult requirements of marine regulations. LNG must be vaporized and pressurized to the pressure which is compatible with the engine requirements (usually a few bar). The boil-off must be controlled to avoid the occasional gas release to the atmosphere. This paper presents an LNG system designed and commissioned for a Baltic Sea ferry. The specific technical features and exploitation parameters of the system will be presented. The impact of strict marine regulations on the system's thermo-mechanical construction and its performance will be discussed. The review of possible flow-schemes of LNG marine systems will be presented with respect to the system's cost, maintenance, and reliability.

  14. The globalization and environmental sustainability of LNG: Is LNG a fuel for the 21st century?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakmar, Susan

    2010-09-15

    As the world enters the 21st Century, policy makers around the world are grappling with issues related to energy security, energy poverty, global climate change, and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while meeting an expected increase in demand for all energy sources. As a clean burning fuel, many policy leaders have suggested that LNG can play an important role as the world struggles to develop a more environmental sustainable energy future. Others claim that the safety and environmental impact of LNG, including life-cycle emissions, may nullify any clean burning benefit LNG might otherwise provide.

  15. INVESTIGATION INTO NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION METHODS, LNG TRANSPORT AND STORAGE

    OpenAIRE

    Atakan AVCI; Muhiddin CAN; Muhsin KILIÇ

    1995-01-01

    Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) processes are very new in Turkey. The Government of Turkey, due to diversification of supply and balancing of seasonal load, decided to import LNG from Algeria. The first shipment in Marmara Ereğli import terminal has been carried out in the August the 3 rd, 1994. LNG after regasification will be injected into the main transmission pipeline. The share of LNG in the world natural gas trade was approixmately 22.1% in 1988. According to the forecast, LNG share will be...

  16. Helium extraction and nitrogen removal from LNG boil-off gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, L.; Peng, N.; Liu, L.; Gong, L.

    2017-02-01

    The helium bearing boil off gas (BOG) from liquid natural gas (LNG) storage tank in LNG plant, which has a helium concentration of about 1%, has attracted the attention in China as a new helium source. As the BOG is usually reused by re-condensing to recover methane, it is likely to cause continuous accumulation of nitrogen in the unit, thus a nitrogen removal process must be integrated. This paper describes a conceptional cryogenic separation system aiming at recovering methane, helium and nitrogen from BOG based on cryogenic distillation and condensation process.

  17. Regasification of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rum Pandu Nuswantara

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available LNG (Liquified Narural Gas adalah gas alam yang telah diproses untuk menghilangkan ketidakmurnian dan hidrokarbon berat dan kemudian dikondensasi menjadi cairan pada tekan atmosfer dengan mendinginkannya sekitar -160° Celcius. LNG ditransportasi menggunakan kendaraan yang dirancang khusus dan ditaruh dalam tangki yang juga dirancang khusus. LNG memiliki isi sekitar 1/600 dari gas alam pada suhu dan tekanan standar, membuatnya lebih hemat untuk ditransportasi jarak jauh di mana jalur pipa tidak ada. Ketika memindahkan gas alam dengan jalur pipa tidak memungkinkan atau tidak ekonomis, dia dapat ditransportasi oleh suatu kapal pengangkut untuk LNG. Gas alam dapat digunakan sebagai bahan bakar untuk pembangkit listrik PLTG dan PLTU. Dari data ESDM cadangan gas alam tersebut dapat dikatakan bahwa potensi gas alam Indonesia sangatlah besar, karena pada data tahun 2012 ditjen migas tersebut, cadangan gas alam yang masih tersimpan dan tersebar di Indonesia masih sangat besar, dengan potensial sebesar 47.35 TSCF (Trillion Square Cubic Feet. Potensi tersebut adalah total dari seluruh potensi yang tersebar di Indonesia sebesar 150.70 TSCF. Pabrik Terminal Regasifikasi LNG direncanakan dibangun pada tahun 2014 dengan target siap beroperasi pada tahun 2016. Pabrik ini berlokasi di Celukan Bawang Bali dengan terdapat 3 PLTG yang membutuhkan distribusi LNG yaitu PLTG Gilimanuk, Pemaron, dan Pesanggaran. Kapasitas pabrik ini adalah 100 MMSCFD. Pabrik ini akan memenuhi kebutuhan pembangkit listrik untuk daerah Bali. Rangkaian proses pabrik ini adalah unit Regasification. Analisa ekonomi dari pabrik ini adalah investasi sebesar 371,66 MUSD, IRR sebesar 38,6%, POT selama 2,71 tahun, BEP sebesar 49,6% dan NPV 10 tahun sebesar 1011,82 MUSD.

  18. A structural and stochastic optimal model for projections of LNG imports and exports in Asia-Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kompas, Tom; Che, Tuong Nhu

    2016-06-01

    The Asia-Pacific region, the largest and fastest growing liquefied natural gas (LNG) market in the world, has been undergoing radical changes over the past few years. These changes include considerable additional supplies from North America and Australia, and a recent LNG price slump resulting from an oil-linked pricing mechanism and demand uncertainties. This paper develops an Asia-Pacific Gas Model (APGM), based on a structural, stochastic and optimising framework, providing a valuable tool for the projection of LNG trade in the Asia-Pacific region. With existing social-economic conditions, the model projects that Asia-Pacific LNG imports are expected to increase by 49.1 percent in 2020 and 95.7 percent in 2030, compared to 2013. Total LNG trade value is estimated to increase to US$127.2 billion in 2020 and US$199.0 billion in 2030. Future LNG trade expansion is mainly driven by emerging and large importers (i.e., China and India), and serviced, most importantly, by new supplies from Australia and the USA. The model's projected results are sensitive to changes in expected oil prices, pricing mechanisms, economic growth and energy policies, as well as unexpected geopolitical-economic events.

  19. A structural and stochastic optimal model for projections of LNG imports and exports in Asia-Pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Kompas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Asia-Pacific region, the largest and fastest growing liquefied natural gas (LNG market in the world, has been undergoing radical changes over the past few years. These changes include considerable additional supplies from North America and Australia, and a recent LNG price slump resulting from an oil-linked pricing mechanism and demand uncertainties. This paper develops an Asia-Pacific Gas Model (APGM, based on a structural, stochastic and optimising framework, providing a valuable tool for the projection of LNG trade in the Asia-Pacific region. With existing social-economic conditions, the model projects that Asia-Pacific LNG imports are expected to increase by 49.1 percent in 2020 and 95.7 percent in 2030, compared to 2013. Total LNG trade value is estimated to increase to US$127.2 billion in 2020 and US$199.0 billion in 2030. Future LNG trade expansion is mainly driven by emerging and large importers (i.e., China and India, and serviced, most importantly, by new supplies from Australia and the USA. The model's projected results are sensitive to changes in expected oil prices, pricing mechanisms, economic growth and energy policies, as well as unexpected geopolitical-economic events.

  20. Process simulation for a new conceptual design of LNG terminal coupling NGL recovery and LNG re-gasification for maximum energy savings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muqeet, Mohammed A.

    With the high demands of shale gas and promising development of LNG terminals, a lot of research has focused towards the process development for effective recovery of C2+ hydrocarbons (NGL). Shale gas requires a large amount of cold energy to cool down and recover the NGL; and the LNG re-gasification process requires a lot of heat energy to evaporate for NGL recovery. Thus, coupling the shale gas NGL recovery process and LNG re-gasification process, for utilizing the cold energy from LNG re-gasification process to assist NGL recovery from shale gas has significant economic benefits on both energy saving and high value product recovery. Wang et al. developed new conceptual design of such coupled process in 2013 and later Wang and Xu developed an optimal design considering uncertainties in 2014. This work deals with process simulation of both these designs and the feasibility of the process is verified. A steady state model is developed based on the plant design proposed by Wang et al. using Aspen plusRTM and then a dynamic model of the process is developed using Aspen dynamicsRTM. An effective control strategy is developed and the flexibility of the dynamic model is examined by giving disturbances in the shale gas feed. A comparison is made between the two proposed design and the prospects of the design for real plant scenario is discussed.

  1. 柴油-LNG双燃料船储罐附管天然气泄漏后果分析%Analysis of diesel-LNG ship with natural gas pipe leakage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹群; 杜亚南; 张健

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, take for example, the diesel-LNG dual fuel inland bulk carrier, the leakage of subsidiary pipe of LNG tank and natural gas fire of risk is researched by using Neptune software. Concentration range of subsidiary pipe of LNG tank and the probability of a fire after the leakage are calculated. In addition, the fire accident damage radius is forecasted. It has meaning to avoid or reduce fire accident after leakage of subsidiary pipe of LNG tank of diesel-LNG dual fuel bulk carrier.%利用Neptune软件,对某一典型柴油-LNG双燃料内河散货船LNG储罐附管发生天然气泄漏及火灾风险进行了研究.计算了储罐附管天然气泄漏后的浓度范围和泄漏后发生火灾的概率,预测了火灾事故的损害半径,对柴油-LNG双燃料散货船储气罐附管天然气泄漏后避免或减少火灾事故具有一定的参考意义.

  2. China's Potential for LNG Vehicles%China's Potential for LNG Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Recent global discoveries of massive shale gas reserves along with more innovative drilling techniques known as fracking has boosted liquefied natural gas (LNG) supplies. However, more infrastructures are necessary to utilize the increased supply.

  3. Designing Optimal LNG Station Network for U.S. Heavy-Duty Freight Trucks using Temporally and Spatially Explicit Supply Chain Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Allen

    unless a significant station capital subsidy, upwards of 50 percent and even then it might not be enough. However, a doubling of LNG truck demand will initialize network commercialization in the modeling base year, 2012 (the same year Clean Energy Corp. launched their national LNG network) in California and then gradually establish in other hotspot regions in Mid-West and Mid-Atlantic throughout the time horizon. The model shows that trucking routes in California are highly commercial due to high traffic volume and regional advantages. The model can be used by industry to inform necessary policies and to plan future infrastructure deployment along trucking routes that are likely to provide the highest returns.

  4. LNG versus pipelines: a case study applied to the actual unbalance in Northeastern natural gas market; GNL versus gasodutos: um estudo applicado ao atual desequilibrio do mercado nordestino de gas natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rechelo Neto, Carlos A. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa Interunidades de Pos-graduacao em Energia; Sauer, Ildo L. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Gas e Energia

    2005-07-01

    Against the backdrop of global oil industry trends and the specificity of the Brazilian energy sector, this study evaluates whether the option to develop a national market linked with a plan to export liquefied natural gas produced in Brazil is financially advantageous relative to the traditional pipeline alternative for the aim of satisfying the current natural gas deficit in the Northeast region. To this end, this dissertation analyses the economic conditions for Brazilian LNG in the international gas market, mainly for European and North-American gas markets. Employing a probabilistic analysis based on the Monte Carlo method and given the premises adopted and the amount of information available at the time of writing, the study concludes that, while the international LNG market has enjoyed vigorous growth in recent years, the option of using it as a strategy to develop local market is a less attractive investment choice compared with the pipeline alternative. (author)

  5. LNG Carrier Market: The Next Main Battleground For Shipbuilding Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Guang

    2012-01-01

    Last year, 51 LNG carriers were delivered in the world. From January to February this year, more than 10 LNG carriers have been deliveredglobally. Some shipowners are planning to expand LNG carrier fleet, which is a stark contrast to the look of the three main ship types which is embarrassing. As the recognized clean fuel, natural gas plays an important role in carbon politics and low carbon economy. At present, LNG powered vessel is growing vigorously. LNG fueled vessels have also emerged in Europe. Now, discussion about natural gas application on inland water transport is gradually warming up. Although there are still many technical problems to be solved about LNG powered vessel, the trend is irreversible.

  6. IMPACT OF UNCONVENTIONAL GAS PRODUCTION ON LNG SUPPLY AND DEMAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daria Karasalihović Sedlar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Production of unconventional gas plays a double role in the case of liquefied natural gas (LNG industry. Technological development of gas production from unconventional resources could result in significant decrease of LNG import demand but at the same time unconventional resources also represent a potential for new sources of LNG supply. In past few years unconventional gas production in North America has increased constantly what has contributed to natural gas prices decrease and LNG imports reduction. The rise of unconventional gas production along with global recession significantly influenced LNG demand decrease in the USA. Concerning unconventional gas production rapid development, potential decrease of LNG demand in rest of the world is expected (the paper is published in Croatian.

  7. INVESTIGATION INTO NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION METHODS, LNG TRANSPORT AND STORAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atakan AVCI

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG processes are very new in Turkey. The Government of Turkey, due to diversification of supply and balancing of seasonal load, decided to import LNG from Algeria. The first shipment in Marmara Ereğli import terminal has been carried out in the August the 3 rd, 1994. LNG after regasification will be injected into the main transmission pipeline. The share of LNG in the world natural gas trade was approixmately 22.1% in 1988. According to the forecast, LNG share will be rapidly spreading all over the world in near future. In this paper, treatment, liquefaction, transport, storage, regasification, distribution and utilisation of LNG are examined. Particular attention has given into liquefaction of natural gas.

  8. Potential effects of LNG trade shift on transfer of ballast water and biota by ships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Kimberly K; Muirhead, Jim R; Minton, Mark S; Carney, Katharine J; Miller, A Whitman; Ruiz, Gregory M

    2017-02-15

    As the US natural gas surplus grows, so does the prospect of establishing new trade partnerships with buyers abroad, a process that has major consequences for global ship movement and ballast water delivery. Since US annual imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) peaked in 2004-2007, the country is rapidly transitioning from net importer to net exporter of LNG. Combining multiple datasets, we estimated changes in the associated flux of ships' ballast water to the US during 2015-2040, using existing scenarios for projected exports of domestic LNG by ships. Our analysis of the current market (2015) scenario predicts an approximate 90-fold annual increase in LNG-related ballast water discharge to the US by 2040 (42millionm(3)), with the potential to be even greater under high oil prices. We also described changes in geographic connectivity related to trade direction. These findings highlight how 21(st) century global energy markets could dramatically alter opportunities for seaborne introductions and invasions by nonnative species.

  9. Logistics and supply chain effectiveness measure areas in lng companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the issues of logistics and supply chain measures in companies. It considers different management systems in the area of production, which evolved from isolated production activities to business connected systems. There are performed three case studies - three examples of systems proposed and implemented in the LNG industry: I-MAC, ICIMS and PMS. Data gained from these systems are the basis to create effectiveness measures for LNG companies and LNG supply chains.

  10. Development of mass production type rigid polyurethane foam for LNG carrier using ozone depletion free blowing agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeongbeom; Baek, Kye Hyun; Choe, Kunhyung; Han, Chonghun

    2016-12-01

    Nowadays the price of natural gas has become higher and the efficiency of propulsion system of liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers has improved. Due to these trends, required boil-off rate (BOR) for LNG carrier has been lowered from 0.15%/day to 0.12%/day for conventional LNG carriers with sizes between 125,000 m3 and 170,000 m3. This requirement of BOR can be satisfied by using a rigid polyurethane foam (PUF) blown by 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b) as an insulator. However, ozone depletion potential (ODP) of HCFC-141b requires alternative blowing agents with zero ODP such as hydroflurocarbons (HFCs) because of tougher environmental regulations. This paper introduces use of HFCs and additives to enhance properties of rigid PUFs under a mass production environment. Among the additives, perfluoroalkane (PFA) reduces thermal conductivity down to 12% and increases compressive strength up to 15% of a rigid PUF prepared in a laboratory scale. Based on this result, a mass production type rigid PUF is manufactured and is evaluated for BOR, mechanical strengths over operation temperature range, and thermal shock stability for LNG carriers. The BOR of the manufactured rigid PUF is below 0.12%/day, which satisfies the recent BOR specification for LNG carriers. The other required properties are also met the specifications for a conventional LNG carrier. Consequently, it is expected that the results in this paper will bring low BOR (LNG carries with rigid PUFs using ODP free blowing agents and contribute environmental protection through saving energy and preserving the ozone layer in the stratosphere.

  11. Discharging Part of LNG Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-Zhou Yang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available With the development of the national economy, it is important to develop LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas liquid cargo handling simulator. In this paper, the discharging part of Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator of LNG Carriers is developed by Visual Basic. The system includes 5 major forms and 3 mathematical models such as cargo pump model, the pressure and temperature model of the LNG vapour in the cargo tank and the liquid level model. The system can complete the unloading task. The system has become a preliminary model of LNG liquid cargo handlings simulator training.

  12. CNPC Constructs Its First LNG Terminal in Northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) broke ground in mid-April for the construction of its first liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Dalian, a port city in northeastern Liaoning Province. This project,with a total investment of over 10 billion yuan (about $1.4 billion), consists of a wharf, a receiving facility and transportation pipelines. It is designed to receive supplies from Qatar, Australia and other overseas markets. CNPC is also building a LNG receiving facility in Rudong county of Eastern China's Jiangsu Province. Experts predicted that by 2020 China would import 10 million tons of LNG annually, stimulating the interests of oil giants to build LNG projects.

  13. Effects of lng mutations on LngA expression, processing and CS21 assembly in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli E9034A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeus Saldaña-Ahuactzi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC is a major cause of morbidity in children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries and a leading cause of traveler's diarrhea worldwide. The ability of ETEC to colonize the intestinal epithelium is mediated by fimbrial adhesins, such as CS21 (Longus. This adhesin is a type IVb pilus involved in adherence to intestinal cells in vitro and bacterial self-aggregation. Fourteen open reading frames have been proposed to be involved in CS21 assembly, hitherto only the lngA and lngB genes, coding for the major (LngA and minor (LngB structural subunit, have been characterized. In this study, we investigated the role of the LngA, LngB, LngC, LngD, LngH, and LngP proteins in the assembly of CS21 in ETEC strain E9034A. The deletion of the lngA, lngB, lngC, lngD, lngH, or lngP genes, abolished CS21 assembly in ETEC strain E9034A and adherence to HT-29 cells was reduced 90%, compared to wild-type strain. Subcellular localization prediction of CS21 proteins was similar to other well-known type IV pili homologues. We showed that LngP is the prepilin peptidase of LngA, and that ETEC strain E9034A has another peptidase capable of processing LngA, although with less efficiency. Additionally, we present immuno-electron microscopy imagens to show that the LngB protein could be localized at the tip of CS21, and probably helps to control CS21 length. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that the LngA, LngB, LngC, LngD, LngH, and LngP proteins are essential for CS21 assembly, as well as for bacterial aggregation and adherence to HT-29 cells.

  14. 江苏LNG接收站卸料速度与压力损失的关系%Analysis of relationship between unloading rate and pressure loss in Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱斌斌

    2012-01-01

    According to the unloading data of the first eleven ships, the relationship between unloading rate and pressure loss in Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal is analyzed. Based on the relationship, the maximum unloading rate is calculated. The conclusion is that the total pressure loss △P contains the pressure loss △P1 from manifold flange to downstream of the unloading arms and the pressure drop△P2of nearly 3 000 m-long pipeline. The pressure loss △P1 includes the friction pressure loss of filter near the manifold flange, the distance piece (or expander) and the unloading arms. By fitting the curve and the calculation, the pressure loss △P1 is not influenced by the unloading rate, and almost remains unchanged. The pressure drop △P2 of nearly 3 000 m-long pipeline is related with the unloading rate with the linear formula △P2=0.026 q- 201.2. The end pressure of pipeline in the bottom of tank is a little affected, maintaining the range of 0.23~0.25 MPa. A calculation is made according to the pressure loss and pressure limit. Results show that for the 14.5×104 m3 standard LNG ship, the maximum unloading rate is at 12 100 M3/h; for the 26.7×104 m3 QMAX, ships, the maximum unloading rate is at 14 000 m3/h.%基于江苏LNG前11艘船的卸船数据,对江苏LNG卸料速度与压力损失的关系进行分析,并通过两者关系计算出江苏LNG接收站卸料的最大速度.对江苏LNG接收站卸船数据进行计算和处理,得出结论:卸船过程中,总压力损失△p主要由总管连接法兰到卸料臂后端压差和约3 000m卸料管道压降△p2构成.△p1主要包括船上连接法兰旁的过滤器摩阻△pf、短节(或变径)摩阻△pe和卸料臂摩阻△pa,通过拟合曲线和理论验证,此部分压力损失与卸料速度关系不明显,几乎保持不变.卸料管道压降△p2与卸料速度q相关,线性处理后得到△p2=0.026 q-201.2.管道末端罐底压力所受影响较小,维持在0.23~0.25 MPa范围内.根据压力

  15. Lessons learned from LNG safety research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Ronald P; Ermak, Donald L

    2007-02-20

    During the period from 1977 to 1989, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) conducted a liquefied gaseous fuels spill effects program under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy, Department of Transportation, Gas Research Institute and others. The goal of this program was to develop and validate tools that could be used to predict the effects of a large liquefied gas spill through the execution of large scale field experiments and the development of computer models to make predictions for conditions under which tests could not be performed. Over the course of the program, three series of LNG spill experiments were performed to study cloud formation, dispersion, combustion and rapid phase transition (RPT) explosions. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of this program, the lessons learned from 12 years of research as well as some recommendations for the future. The general conclusion from this program is that cold, dense gas related phenomena can dominate the dispersion of a large volume, high release rate spill of LNG especially under low ambient wind speed and stable atmospheric conditions, and therefore, it is necessary to include a detailed and validated description of these phenomena in computer models to adequately predict the consequences of a release. Specific conclusions include: * LNG vapor clouds are lower and wider than trace gas clouds and tend to follow the downhill slope of terrain due to dampened vertical turbulence and gravity flow within the cloud. Under low wind speed, stable atmospheric conditions, a bifurcated, two lobed structure develops. * Navier-Stokes models provide the most complete description of LNG dispersion, while more highly parameterized Lagrangian models were found to be well suited to emergency response applications. * The measured heat flux from LNG vapor cloud burns exceeded levels necessary for third degree burns and were large enough to ignite most flammable materials. * RPTs are of two

  16. Integrity and efficiency in LNG transfer operations with flexible hoses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bokhorst, E. van; Twerda, A.

    2014-01-01

    The work presented contributes to the LNG supply chain by the development of a validated calculation model for corrugated flexible hoses or pipes developed for LNG Transfer. The model builds upon experience gained by TNO Technical Sciences (Fluid Dynamics) in a large number of flow tests carried out

  17. Assessing integrity and realiability of multicomposite LNG transfer hoses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijde, G.D. van der; Putten, S. van der

    2012-01-01

    Reliable transfer systems are a key element in developing floating LNG and the small scale LNG market. Multi-composite hoses may prove to be a reliable and cost effective solution for offshore, near- and on-shore applications. TNO, the Dutch contract research organization, has executed an extensive

  18. 76 FR 53425 - Pivotal LNG, Inc.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pivotal LNG, Inc.; Notice of Application Take notice that on August 8, 2011, Pivotal LNG, Inc. (Pivotal), Ten Peachtree Place, Suite 1000, Atlanta, Georgia 30309, filed with the... transportation of natural gas as a by-product of the operation of non-jurisdictional liquefied natural gas...

  19. 49 CFR 193.2623 - Inspecting LNG storage tanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspecting LNG storage tanks. 193.2623 Section 193.2623 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS... GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2623 Inspecting LNG storage tanks. Each...

  20. Chinese-Malaysia LNG Project Launched in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Fan; Yang Fu

    2007-01-01

    @@ Shanghai launched a major energy supply project in January 2007 that will transmit liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Malaysia to the east China economic hub over 25 years. Construction started on the first phase of the Shanghai LNG project, which would become operational in 2009.

  1. 33 CFR 127.105 - Layout and spacing of marine transfer area for LNG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... transfer area for LNG. 127.105 Section 127.105 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... spacing of marine transfer area for LNG. (a) LNG impounding spaces must be located so that the heat flux from a fire over the impounding spaces does not cause structural damage to an LNG vessel moored...

  2. 78 FR 35263 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Previously...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Previously Imported... receipt of an application (Application), filed on April 19, 2013, by Freeport LNG Development, L.P. (Freeport LNG), requesting blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously...

  3. 75 FR 51989 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application August 16, 2010. Take notice that on August 4, 2010, Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. (Southern LNG), Post Office Box 2563... with certain facilities located at its liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal on Elba Island,...

  4. 76 FR 81925 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Notice of Application Take notice that on December 9, 2011, Freeport LNG Development, L.P. (Freeport LNG), filed an application pursuant to Section 3... authorization to modify the certificated LNG facilities located on Quintana Island, Texas. The filing may...

  5. 78 FR 20312 - Downeast LNG, Inc., Downeast Pipeline, LLC.; Notice of Availability of the Supplemental Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Downeast LNG, Inc., Downeast Pipeline, LLC.; Notice of Availability of the Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Downeast LNG Project The staff of the... Impact Statement (EIS) for the Downeast LNG Project, proposed by Downeast LNG, Inc. and Downeast...

  6. 78 FR 933 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Cameron Interstate Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ...-000 and Docket No. PF12-12-000] Cameron LNG, LLC; Cameron Interstate Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Applications Take notice that on December 7, 2012, Cameron LNG, LLC (Cameron LNG), 101 Ash Street, San Diego... on file with the Commission and open to public inspection. Specifically, Cameron LNG...

  7. 77 FR 76013 - Sempra LNG Marketing, LLC; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Previously Imported...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... LNG Marketing, LLC; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Previously Imported Liquefied... application (Application), filed on October 26, 2012, by Sempra LNG Marketing, LLC (Sempra LNG Marketing), requesting blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously had been imported...

  8. The Conceptual Design Algorithm of Inland LNG Barges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łozowicka, Dorota; Kaup, Magdalena

    2017-03-01

    The article concerns the problem of inland waterways transport of LNG. Its aim is to present the algorithm of conceptual design of inland barges for LNG transport, intended for exploitation on European waterways. The article describes the areas where LNG barges exist, depending on the allowable operating parameters on the waterways. It presents existing architectural and construction solutions of barges for inland LNG transport, as well as the necessary equipment, due to the nature of cargo. Then the article presents the procedure of the conceptual design of LNG barges, including navigation restrictions and functional and economic criteria. The conceptual design algorithm of LGN barges, presented in the article, allows to preliminary design calculations, on the basis of which, are obtained the main dimensions and parameters of unit, depending on the transport task and the class of inland waterways, on which the transport will be realized.

  9. LNG Changes In The Context Of The Expanding Market Of Natural Gas.

    OpenAIRE

    Karabetsou C.; Tzannatos E.S.

    2003-01-01

    In the context of the continually expanding demand of natural gas worldwide, the LNG industry is undergoing significant changes in its trade structure and shipping characteristics. The growth in LNG trade will continue and with it the growth of the LNG shipping industry. Departing from the rigid structure of the traditional LNG trade, the introduction of trade flexibility through development of short-term contracts and spot trading is altering the picture in LNG shipping. In the current work,...

  10. Study on improvement for application of RBI technology in LNG equipment%RBI技术应用于 LNG 设备上的改进研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马欣; 付晓君; 余景刚; 韩佳

    2015-01-01

    基于API581的风险评估技术( RBI)是近年来石化行业逐渐采用并得到认可的一种新的评估设备经济可行性和安全性的技术。但是由于LNG的温度一般低至-162℃,使得LNG设备在应用API581时受到了限制。低温脆性断裂是LNG设备需考虑的一项主要的失效模式,API在评估脆断损伤因子时的温度范围是-73~38℃。为了能够评估LNG设备在低温环境下的风险,通过遗传算法将温度扩展至-209℃。扩展得到的脆断损伤因子曲线同夏比冲击试验的冲击功随温度变化曲线的趋势基本一致,因此扩展的损伤因子可以满足低温环境下LNG设备的风险评估。%Recently, Risk-Based Inspection ( RBI) technology based on API 581 has been gradually adopted and become a new technology to determine economic feasibility and safety of equipment in petrochemical plants.Howev-er, there are limitations of applying API 581 to LNG equipment because the temperature of LNG is usually under-162℃.Low temperature brittle fracture is a major failure mode of LNG equipment need to be considered, but API code considers the temperature range of about -73~38℃to evaluate the brittle fracture damage factor.To evalu-ate the risk of LNG equipment in low temperature environment, the temperature region was extended to about -209℃with genetic algorithm.The tendency of extended brittle fracture damage factor ( BFDF) curve was similar with the curve of impact energy against temperature change in Charpy impact tests.Therefore, the extend BFDF can satisfy the risk assessment of LNG equipment in cryogenic environment.

  11. China's large-scale LNG project. First project ever with FEF insulation; Chinas LNG-Grossprojekt. Weltweit erstmals mit FEF (Flexibler Elastomer-Schaum) isoliert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2009-06-29

    The ''Shanghai Peak-Shaving Extension LNG Terminal'' is the first of its kind on China's mainland. It comprises an offshore platform with gas wells, a 400 km underwater natural gas pipeline, a LNG pumping system, a 120 km distribution pipeline grid, and a LNG control unit. It is also the first LNG terminal project world-wide with exclusively closed-cell, flexible thermal insulation of foamed elastomer (100 % caoutchouc). (orig.)

  12. A dispersion safety factor for LNG vapor clouds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vílchez, Juan A; Villafañe, Diana; Casal, Joaquim

    2013-02-15

    The growing importance of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to global energy demand has increased interest in the possible hazards associated with its storage and transportation. Concerning the event of an LNG spill, a study was performed on the relationship between the distance at which the lower flammability limit (LFL) concentration occurs and that corresponding to the visible contour of LNG vapor clouds. A parameter called the dispersion safety factor (DSF) has been defined as the ratio between these two lengths, and two expressions are proposed to estimate it. During an emergency, the DSF can be a helpful parameter to indicate the danger of cloud ignition and flash fire.

  13. Hydrodynamic optimization of twin-skeg LNG ships by CFD and model testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Keunjae; Tillig, Fabian; Bathfield, Nicolas; Liljenberg, Hans

    2014-06-01

    SSPA experiences a growing interest in twin skeg ships as one attractive green ship solution. The twin skeg concept is well proven with obvious advantages for the design of ships with full hull forms, restricted draft or highly loaded propellers. SSPA has conducted extensive hull optimizations studies of LNG ships of different size based on an extensive hull data base with over 7,000 models tested, including over 400 twin skeg hull forms. Main hull dimensions and different hull concepts such as twin skeg and single screw were of main interest in the studies. In the present paper, one twin skeg and one single screw 170 K LNG ship were designed for optimally selected main dimension parameters. The twin skeg hull was further optimized and evaluated using SHIPFLOW FRIENDSHIP design package by performing parameter variation in order to modify the shape and positions of the skegs. The finally optimized models were then built and tested in order to confirm the lower power demand of twin skeg designed compaed with the signle screw design. This paper is a full description of one of the design developments of a LNG twin skeg hull, from early dimensional parameter study, through design optimization phase towards the confirmation by model tests.

  14. Gas Pipelines, LP and LNG, Published in unknown, DCP Midstream.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Gas Pipelines, LP and LNG dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in...

  15. CNOOC Holds Dominant Position in China's LNG Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Increase gas project stakes from B6 Natural gas production and sales, as the new growth engine for CNOOC, will continue to be one of the company's core business priorities. Acquisitions of NWS and Gorgon equity interests in Austrialia, together with the Tangguh project in Indonesia, will supply China's pioneer LNG terminals. CNOOC's grip on China's expanding LNG infrastructure could further strengthen its dominance in the country's coastal natural gas market.

  16. The Phoenix series large scale LNG pool fire experiments.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, Richard B.; Jensen, Richard Pearson; Demosthenous, Byron; Luketa, Anay Josephine; Ricks, Allen Joseph; Hightower, Marion Michael; Blanchat, Thomas K.; Helmick, Paul H.; Tieszen, Sheldon Robert; Deola, Regina Anne; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan; Suo-Anttila, Jill Marie; Miller, Timothy J.

    2010-12-01

    The increasing demand for natural gas could increase the number and frequency of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanker deliveries to ports across the United States. Because of the increasing number of shipments and the number of possible new facilities, concerns about the potential safety of the public and property from an accidental, and even more importantly intentional spills, have increased. While improvements have been made over the past decade in assessing hazards from LNG spills, the existing experimental data is much smaller in size and scale than many postulated large accidental and intentional spills. Since the physics and hazards from a fire change with fire size, there are concerns about the adequacy of current hazard prediction techniques for large LNG spills and fires. To address these concerns, Congress funded the Department of Energy (DOE) in 2008 to conduct a series of laboratory and large-scale LNG pool fire experiments at Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. This report presents the test data and results of both sets of fire experiments. A series of five reduced-scale (gas burner) tests (yielding 27 sets of data) were conducted in 2007 and 2008 at Sandia's Thermal Test Complex (TTC) to assess flame height to fire diameter ratios as a function of nondimensional heat release rates for extrapolation to large-scale LNG fires. The large-scale LNG pool fire experiments were conducted in a 120 m diameter pond specially designed and constructed in Sandia's Area III large-scale test complex. Two fire tests of LNG spills of 21 and 81 m in diameter were conducted in 2009 to improve the understanding of flame height, smoke production, and burn rate and therefore the physics and hazards of large LNG spills and fires.

  17. Future of gas. LNG between feast and famine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forbes, A.

    2009-05-15

    Between now and 2012, a new wave of LNG (liquid natural gas) supply will wash over markets, with Qatar accounting for half the growth as six new 'mega-trains' come on stream. It will arrive just as gas demand is being hit by the economic crisis. Beyond 2012, the situation will reverse, with growth constrained by lack of new supply. The LNG industry is facing a turbulent decade.

  18. 围堰对LNG储罐泄漏扩散规律影响研究%Research on Influences of Dike Dam on the Law of LNG Release and Dispersion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘隆; 孟波; 王启

    2014-01-01

    The paper used the Fluent package and based on CFD modeling technique to study the law of LNG release and dispersion,and then simulated effects of size of dike dam and tank value on shape of the LNG dense gas and range of explo-sion.It showed that the dike dam can prevent the LNG dense gas by the inside,and shorter the dike dam can prevent more LNG dense gas than the longer dike dam.The research also discovered that the influence of dike dam on larger LNG tank is clearer than that on smaller LNG tank.The research can provide scientific guidelines for site of LNG receiving terminals, establishment of emergency response plan,delimitation of exclusion zones and evaluation and claims of hazard suffered from accidence.%利用流体力学软件FLUENT对围堰存在情况下的 LNG 储罐泄漏扩散进行了数值模拟,并对不同围堰尺寸和不同储罐容积条件下泄漏扩散的气云形态变化和爆炸范围进行了对比。结果表明,围堰可以有效地阻止气云的扩散,使气云聚集在围堰内侧;随着围堰长度的减小,对 LNG 储罐泄漏扩散阻挡作用越来越明显;围堰对大型LNG储罐泄漏扩散的阻挡较小型储罐更加明显。研究结果对指导 LNG安全储运、使用及事故后果控制具有重要意义。

  19. LNG : its potential impact on North American markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlesinger, B. [Benjamin Schlesinger and Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2003-07-01

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is expected to play a greater role in North American gas supplies and markets due to the decrease in conventional natural gas production in North America accompanied by an increase in demand for energy. It is expected that the overall share of the LNG gas market will rise from about 1.4 per cent in 2002 to more than 5 per cent by 2020, and potentially up to 15 per cent by that year. The construction of at least 15 new LNG receiving terminals has been proposed for location in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. In addition, El Paso has proposed a novel offshore LNG receiving concept involving offshore gas pipelines and on-board-ship regasification. As trading of LNG increases in the Atlantic, markets in eastern United States and Canada will benefit from improved gas supplies, but pricing patterns are expected to change. Basis differentials along the Atlantic coastline will probably diminish, potentially reducing the value of Sable Island gas and the pipeline system that runs north to south along the eastern coast of North America. It was noted that Middle Eastern suppliers of LNG will play an important potential role in North American markets. 19 figs.

  20. Challenges of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas Carriers in 21" Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Zanne

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural gas is relatively cheap, environmentally friendlyand energetically efficient fossil fuel that is gaining in attractivenessdaily as it can be used in many sectors. As not all consumerscan be reached by pipelines the technique of transp01tingnatural gas in the liquefied form has been developed at the beginningof 20th century but it was only in 1959 that the firstoverseas transport of liquefied natural gas ( LN G occurred. Inthe fifty years of operation LNG shipping has shown immaculatesafety records. LNG tankers can be described only in superlatives;they are without any doubt the most sophisticated and·expensive ships that sail around the globe, they demand specialattention when navigating to or out of harbours and need to bemanned with the most educated and experienced crew. LNGmarket is expanding and changing; demand is surpassing theproductivity, new importing and exporting countries appear,LNG fleet is growing in capacity and number at high pace, exploitationcontracts for the ships are being modified giving theopportunity for new companies to enter( . .. . The paper givesan overview on liquefied natural gas market and the historic developmentof LNG shipping. It focuses on the recent boom inLNG shipping and emphasises questions concerning the safety,crewing and exploitation of the LNG tankers in the future.

  1. File list: Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  2. File list: DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http://...dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  3. File list: Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http...://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  4. File list: Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http...://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  5. File list: Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http...://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  6. File list: DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http://...dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  7. File list: Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  8. File list: DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http://...dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  9. File list: Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http...://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  10. File list: DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma http://...dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  11. File list: Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  12. File list: Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  13. Does an intraabdominally placed LNG-IUS have an adverse effect on fertility? A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doris, Nadine; Shabib, Gihad; Corbett, Shannon; Leader, Arthur; Black, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    This case of secondary infertility with an associated intraabdominal levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) demonstrates the importance of adequate imaging in women with a missing intrauterine contraceptive device and the possible fertility implications of an extrauterine LNG-IUS.

  14. Alexela loodab LNG terminali rajamise õiguse endale saada / Andrus Karnau ; kommenteerinud Taavi Veskimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2011-01-01

    Alexela Grupp loodab saada Balti riikide ja Soome ühise veeldatud maagaasi ehk LNG terminali operaatoriks. Naabrite tihe konkurents gaasi pärast - neli riiki on esitanud viis Balti LNG terminali projekti. Kaart

  15. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 All antigens Lung Tracheal epitheli...barchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  16. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 All antigens Lung Tracheal epitheli...barchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  17. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 All antigens Lung Tracheal epitheli...barchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  18. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 All antigens Lung Tracheal epitheli...barchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  19. The Method of LNG Cold Energy Utilization and Developing Prospection%我国LNG冷能利用方法及发展前景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴少聪

    2012-01-01

    阐述了LNG的特点以及我国LNG储库现状,通过分析LNG冷能特点及利用原理,对LNG冷能回收方法进行详细分析说明,并指出该方法的优缺点。指出了当前我国的LNG冷能回收应该因地置宜,发展多冷能回收装置联合组成的新型化工工业园区。形成以LNG为中心的新形产业链。%The thesis illustrates the feature of LNG and the present situation of its storage in China and also analyses LNG cold energy recycling method in detail through analysis LNG cold energy's feature and the use of principle of that,and then point out the method's advantages and disadvantages.Our country's LNG cold energy recovery should suit the measure to local conditions,meanwhile our country should develop the new pattern industry districts which make up of multiple cold energy recycling device,which could form LNG as the core of the new form of industry chain.

  20. LNG cascading damage study. Volume I, fracture testing report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petti, Jason P.; Kalan, Robert J.

    2011-12-01

    As part of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) Cascading Damage Study, a series of structural tests were conducted to investigate the thermal induced fracture of steel plate structures. The thermal stresses were achieved by applying liquid nitrogen (LN{sub 2}) onto sections of each steel plate. In addition to inducing large thermal stresses, the lowering of the steel temperature simultaneously reduced the fracture toughness. Liquid nitrogen was used as a surrogate for LNG due to safety concerns and since the temperature of LN{sub 2} is similar (-190 C) to LNG (-161 C). The use of LN{sub 2} ensured that the tests could achieve cryogenic temperatures in the range an actual vessel would encounter during a LNG spill. There were four phases to this test series. Phase I was the initial exploratory stage, which was used to develop the testing process. In the Phase II series of tests, larger plates were used and tested until fracture. The plate sizes ranged from 4 ft square pieces to 6 ft square sections with thicknesses from 1/4 inches to 3/4 inches. This phase investigated the cooling rates on larger plates and the effect of different notch geometries (stress concentrations used to initiate brittle fracture). Phase II was divided into two sections, Phase II-A and Phase II-B. Phase II-A used standard A36 steel, while Phase II-B used marine grade steels. In Phase III, the test structures were significantly larger, in the range of 12 ft by 12 ft by 3 ft high. These structures were designed with more complex geometries to include features similar to those on LNG vessels. The final test phase, Phase IV, investigated differences in the heat transfer (cooling rates) between LNG and LN{sub 2}. All of the tests conducted in this study are used in subsequent parts of the LNG Cascading Damage Study, specifically the computational analyses.

  1. Natural gas for ship propulsion in Denmark - Possibilities for using LNG and CNG on ferry and cargo routes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuer-Lauridsen, F.; Nielsen, Jesper B. (LITEHAUZ, Copenhagen (Denmark)); Odgaard, T.; Birkeland, M. (IncentivePartners, Birkeroed (Denmark)); Winter Graugaard, C.; Blikom, L.P. (DNV, Copenhagen (Denmark)); Muro-Sun, N.; Andersen, Morten; OEvlisen, F. (Ramboell Oil and Gas, Esbjerg (Denmark))

    2010-07-01

    The project's main task was to review logistical, technical and economic feasibility for using Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as fuel for ship propulsion and the supply of LNG or CNG to Danish ports from existing natural gas lines, trucks or by ship. The following key findings are related to the use of natural gas as fuel for ships in Denmark: Natural gas as propulsion fuel in ships: 1) Advantages: Provide solution to present air emission challenges 2) Barriers: Capital investments large 3) Synergies: Developments in Norway and Baltic Sea area 4) Economy: Positive case for operation for large consumers 5) Future: Develop bunkering options for short sea shipping LNG: 6) Propulsion technology in ships is mature and proven 7) Distribution network not yet developed for use in ships 8) Safety concerns are demanding but manageable 9) Can enter existing bunkering value chain CNG: 10) Well developed for land based transport, not yet for shipping 11) Distribution network for natural gas exists in Denmark 12) Safety concerns are demanding but manageable 13) No seaborne CNG value chains in operation An immediate focus on the ferry sector in Denmark will reap benefits on a relatively short time scale. For the short sea shipping sector away to promote the conversion to natural gas is to support the development of storage and bunkering facilities in main ports. Given the general expectations in the shipping community LNG will presumably be the de facto choice at least for the 5-10 years ahead and the demand for facilities and bunkers will be for LNG. (LN)

  2. Sustainability in Inland Shipping: The use of LNG as Marine Fuel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Consuegra, S.C.; Paalvast, M.S.M.

    2010-01-01

    LNG has the potential to reduce echaust gas emissions from vessels. The report explains the basics of LNG: what is it, what are the technical challenges of using LNG as marine fuel, which infrastructure is needed to bunker it and what is the impact on the costs. The report concludes with some measur

  3. 76 FR 31326 - Gulf LNG Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Gulf LNG Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization Take notice that on May 18, 2011, Gulf LNG Pipeline, LLC (GLNG Pipeline), Colonial Brookwood Center, 569... to Margaret G. Coffman, Counsel, Gulf LNG Pipeline Company, LLC, Colonial Brookwood Center,...

  4. 75 FR 70350 - Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... Maritime Administration Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License... receive and transfer natural gas from purpose-build LNG regasification vessels (LNGRVs) with a total cargo tank capacity of approximately 145,000 m\\3\\. The vessels would be equipped to vaporize LNG cargo...

  5. 76 FR 58488 - Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Application for Blanket Authorization to Export Previously Imported...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Application for Blanket Authorization to Export Previously Imported Liquefied... (Application), filed on August 8, 2011, by Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP (DCP), requesting blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously had been imported into the United States...

  6. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security Zone: LNG mooring slip... § 165.751 Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a) Security zone. The... security zone; or (4) Actively engaged in escort, maneuvering, or support duties for an LNG tankship....

  7. 75 FR 29420 - Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... No. USCG-2007-27022] RIN 1625-AB13 Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements... requirements for waterfront facilities handling liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied hazardous gas (LHG... harmonize the Coast Guard's regulations for LNG with those established by the Federal Energy...

  8. 75 FR 60095 - Sempra LNG Marketing, LLC; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... LNG Marketing, LLC; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY..., by Sempra LNG Marketing, LLC (Sempra), requesting blanket authorization to export up to a total of 250 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of foreign sourced liquefied natural gas (LNG) for a two-year...

  9. 33 CFR 127.703 - Access to the marine transfer area for LNG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... area for LNG. 127.703 Section 127.703 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Access to the marine transfer area for LNG. The operator shall ensure that— (a) Access to the marine transfer area for LNG from the shoreside and the waterside is limited to— (1) Personnel who work at...

  10. Mini and Micro LNG for Commercialization of Small Volumes of Associated Gas

    OpenAIRE

    Tractebel Engineering

    2015-01-01

    While the LNG industry has traditionally focused primarily on development of ever increasing plant capacities, the maturity of the technology has allowed development of technologies applicable for small volumes to be competitive and potentially economically attractive. The main challenge for small scale LNG applications is therefore not technical but economic. Mini/micro LNG facilities cur...

  11. 75 FR 54025 - Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ...-27022] RIN 1625-AB13 Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements AGENCY: Coast...) requirements for liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied hazardous gas (LHG) facilities. The amendment... entitled ``Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements'' (75 FR 29420) amending...

  12. 75 FR 53688 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Technical Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ...] Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Technical Conference August 25, 2010. Take notice that Commission... Commission, 888 First Street, NE., Washington, DC 20426. On June 7, 2010, Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. (Southern LNG) filed a tariff sheet to revise its tariff with respect to gas quality and...

  13. 76 FR 4417 - Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... Maritime Administration Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License.... Liberty Deepwater Port would receive and transfer natural gas from purpose-built LNG regasification... equipped to vaporize LNG cargo to natural gas through onboard closed loop vaporization systems and...

  14. 75 FR 74029 - Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application November 22, 2010. Take notice that on November 12, 2010, Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (Sabine Pass), 700 Milam Street, Suite 800, Houston... a redundant high pressure boil off gas compressor at its existing Sabine Pass LNG Terminal,...

  15. 77 FR 70886 - Reconsideration of Letters of Recommendation for Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final... Captain of the Port regarding the suitability of a waterway for liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied... Commission FR Federal Register LHG Liquefied hazardous gas LNG Liquefied natural gas LOI Letter of Intent...

  16. 77 FR 10732 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Domestically Produced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... LNG, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Domestically Produced Liquefied Natural... notice of receipt of an application (Application), filed on December 21, 2011, by Cameron LNG, LLC... annum (mtpa) of domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG) (equivalent to approximately...

  17. 77 FR 788 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application Take notice that on December 15, 2011, Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. (SLNG), 569 Brookwood Village, Suite 501, Birmingham... compressor unit at its liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal located at Elba Island, Georgia...

  18. Retrofitting of a liquefaction compressor for LNG; Ueberholung eines Verfluessigungsverdichters fuer LNG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, Horst [RWE WWE NS GmbH, Nievenheim (Germany). Fluessigerdgasanlage; Hallermayer, Andreas [Hoerbiger Service Central Europe (Germany). Business Development

    2009-03-15

    RWE operates a LNG plant for peak shaving at Dormagen-Nievenheim as part of the RWE high-pressure gas supply grid. The natural gas is liquefied on site. This requires a complex liquefaction plant whose key elements are a tank, a heat exchanger, and the compressor. The plant was constructed and commissioned in 1975. After a longish standstill period, it was modernized recently, and several minor defects were repaired. The repair process is described in this contribution. It comprised damage detection and repair and was a time-consuming process. On the other hand, it illustrates that piston compressors function very reliably if regular servicing is ensured. (orig.)

  19. 76 FR 77814 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed BOG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment... construction and operation of facilities by Cameron LNG, LLC (Cameron LNG) in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. This... encourage them to comment on their areas of concern. Summary of the Proposed Project Cameron LNG plans...

  20. 78 FR 75337 - Eos LNG LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Eos LNG... Eos LNG LLC (Eos), requesting long-term, multi- contract authorization to export LNG produced from... natural gas, or 1.6 Bcf per day (Bcf/d). Eos seeks authorization to export the LNG for a 25-year term...

  1. 76 FR 33746 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas..., 2011, by Freeport LNG Development, L.P. (Freeport LNG), requesting blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously had been imported into the United States from foreign sources...

  2. 75 FR 57766 - Notice of Petition To Amend Authorizations Under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act; Cameron LNG, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-22

    ... Gas Act; Cameron LNG, LLC September 15, 2010. Take notice that on September 3, 2010, Cameron LNG, LLC... liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal facility located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, for the additional purpose of exporting foreign- sourced LNG. This filing is available for review at the Commission in...

  3. 78 FR 75339 - Barca LNG LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... LNG LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced From..., by Barca LNG LLC (Barca), requesting long-term, multi- contract authorization to export LNG produced...) of natural gas, or 1.6 Bcf per day (Bcf/d). Barca seeks authorization to export the LNG for a...

  4. 75 FR 20591 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Final General Conformity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Final General Conformity Determination for Pennsylvania for the Proposed Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and... liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal and natural gas pipeline proposed by AES Sparrows Point LNG,...

  5. 77 FR 63806 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas... on August 31, 2012, by Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. (Southern LNG), requesting long-term, multi-contract authorization to export up to 4 million tons per annum (mtpa) of liquefied natural gas (LNG),...

  6. 75 FR 13755 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application To Amend Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... Freeport LNG Development, L.P.; Application To Amend Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas... application filed on March 4, 2010, by Freeport LNG Development, L.P. (Freeport LNG), requesting an amendment to its blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) granted by DOE/FE on May 28,...

  7. 78 FR 35625 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC; Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ..., LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P.: Notice of Intent To Prepare an... Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC; Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P... metric tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per annum (mtpa) via LNG carriers. Trains 5 and 6...

  8. 某液化天然气码头系泊设施布置研究%Study on Layout of Some LNG Jetty Mooring Facilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋; 王炜正

    2012-01-01

    Based on one LNG jetty project, we study LNG vessel mooring status in various layouts and different berth lengths by OPTIMOOR mooring software, analyze in detail how the mooring facilities layouts adapt to different vessel forms, and determine final berth length and mooring facilities layout plan by combining with physical model test result.%以某液化天然气(LNG)码头工程的设计为例,针对各种码头布置形式的不同泊位长度,通过OPTIMOOR系泊软件分析LNG船舶的系泊状况,详细分析各种码头系泊设施布置方案对不同船型的适应性,并结合物理模型试验成果确定最终的码头泊位长度和系泊设施布置方案.

  9. LNG tidscertepartier : En innføring generelt og regulering av boil-off spesielt

    OpenAIRE

    Bull, Johan Storm

    2005-01-01

    Oppgaven gir en innføring i langsiktige LNG tidscertepartier. Den tar for seg både hva som er særegent for denne kontraktstypen generelt, og gir en oversikt over typiske sider ved den konkrete reguleringen av et utvalg certepartier. Som et spesialemne, tar oppgaven for seg reguleringen av ansvaret for boil-off mellom partene. Dette er et fenomen som er spesielt for LNG farten. LNG certepartier tar for seg transport av LNG med skip. LNG står for Liquefied Natural Gas, eller flytende naturg...

  10. Raley's LNG Truck Site Final Data Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Battelle

    1999-07-01

    Raley's is a 120-store grocery chain with headquarters in Sacramento, California, that has been operating eight heavy-duty LNG trucks (Kenworth T800 trucks with Cummins L10-300G engines) and two LNG yard tractors (Ottawa trucks with Cummins B5.9G engines) since April 1997. This report describes the results of data collection and evaluation of the eight heavy-duty LNG trucks compared to similar heavy-duty diesel trucks operating at Raley's. The data collection and evaluation are a part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project.

  11. Hawaii energy strategy project 2: Fossil energy review. Task 3 -- Greenfield options: Prospects for LNG use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breazeale, K. [ed.; Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.; Pezeshki, S.; Wu, K.

    1993-12-01

    This paper begins with an overview of the Asia-Pacific LNG market, its major players, and the likely availability of LNG supplies in the region. The discussion then examines the possibilities for the economic supply of LNG to Hawaii, the potential Hawaiian market, and the viability of an LNG project on Oahu. This survey is far from a complete technical assessment or an actual engineering/feasibility study. The economics alone cannot justify LNG`s introduction. The debate may continue as to whether fuel diversification and environmental reasons can outweigh the higher costs. Several points are made. LNG is not a spot commodity. Switching to LNG in Hawaii would require a massive, long-term commitment and substantial investments. LNG supplies are growing very tight in the Asia-Pacific region. Some of the environmental benefits of LNG are not entirely relevant in Hawaii because Hawaii`s air quality is generally excellent. Any air quality benefits may be more than counterbalanced by the environmental hazards connected with large-scale coastal zone construction, and by the safety hazards of LNG carriers, pipelines, etc. Lastly, LNG is not suitable for all energy uses, and is likely to be entirely unsuitable for neighbor island energy needs.

  12. Modeling and Simulation of Skid-mounted LNG Plants Using HYSYS Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zhi-guang; WANG Rong-shun; GU An-zhong; SHI Yu-mei

    2007-01-01

    This study presents three kinds of skid-mounted plants, including single mixed refrigerant cycle (MRC), nitrogen expander cycle, and natural gas (NG) Claude cycle. Hysys simulation shows that single MRC is the most efficient cycle among the three. The specific power of single MRC liquefiers is 1 485 kJ/kg, 15% higher than that of large liquefaction process. Considering the recovery of stranded-gas, commercial analysis suggests that the initial cost of LNG plants ranging from 1 to 100 m3/day can be paid back in 2 to 4 years.

  13. Egypt emerges : with help from some Canadian companies, Alexandria is striving to grab a spot on the global LNG stage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, A.

    2006-12-15

    Two new liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants recently built in Egypt are a testimony to the country's renewed natural gas industry. This article presented details of Canadian companies who are now operating in Egypt as a result of the Egyptian government's decision to include gas as a commodity from which foreign companies could earn a profit in the late 1980s. Apache negotiated a lease on a 2.2 million acre block southwest of Giza called the Qarun Block along with a partner called Phoenix Resources Companies Inc. in 1992, and has since made significant gas discoveries. In March 2006, the company posted record gross oil and gas production of 119,500 barrels per day and 501 million cubic feet per day. Egypt currently produces 3.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day. Approximately half is consumed locally and the balance is liquefied for export to Europe and Asian markets. The 2 LNG plants in Egypt currently process 700 million cubic feet and 1 billion cubic feet per day respectively. Egypt's Nile Delta is emerging as a world-class hydrocarbon basin, where companies such as BP have been exploring and producing since 1992. BP is confident that Egypt's potential reserves exceed 100 trillion cubic feet and that its aggressive exploration strategy is expected to form the foundation of a significant LNG business. Calgary-based company Centurion has established a presence in Egypt and has formed a partnership with Royal Dutch/Shell Group. The company has granted Shell 2 concessions in exchange for the construction of a gas train worth $1.5 billion capable of handling 500 million cubic feet per day of gas. It was concluded that while current global prices for natural gas are still too low to make it economical to ship Egyptian LNG to North America, higher prices may mean that LNG currently being transported to Europe may eventually end up in North American LNG terminals. 9 figs.

  14. THE USE OF GENERATING SETS WITH lNG GAS ENGINES IN “SHORE TO SHIP” SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz TARNAPOWICZ

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The main sources of air pollution in ports are ships, on which electrical energy is produced in the autonomous gener-ating sets Diesel-Generator. The most effective way to reduce harmful exhaust emissions from ships is to exclude marine generating sets and provide the shore-side electricity in “Shore to Ship” system. The main problem in the implementa-tion of power supply for ships from land is connected with matching parameters of voltage in onshore network with marine network. Currently, the recommended solution is to supply ships from the onshore electricity network with the use of power electronic converters. This article presents an analysis of the „Shore to Ship” system with the use of gener-ating sets with LNG gas engines. It shows topologies with LNG – Generator sets, environmental benefits of such a solu-tion, advantages and disadvantages.

  15. A dispersion safety factor for LNG vapor clouds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vílchez, Juan A. [TIPs – Trámites, Informes y Proyectos, SL, Llenguadoc 10, 08030 Barcelona (Spain); Villafañe, Diana [Centre d’Estudis del Risc Tecnològic (CERTEC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain); Casal, Joaquim, E-mail: joaquim.casal@upc.edu [Centre d’Estudis del Risc Tecnològic (CERTEC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

    2013-02-15

    Highlights: ► We proposed a new parameter: the dispersion safety factor (DSF). ► DSF is the ratio between the distance reached by the LFL and that reached by the visible cloud. ► The results for the DSF agree well with the evidence from large scale experiments. ► Two expressions have been proposed to calculate DSF as a function of H{sub R}. ► The DSF may help in indicating the danger of ignition of a LNG vapor cloud. -- Abstract: The growing importance of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to global energy demand has increased interest in the possible hazards associated with its storage and transportation. Concerning the event of an LNG spill, a study was performed on the relationship between the distance at which the lower flammability limit (LFL) concentration occurs and that corresponding to the visible contour of LNG vapor clouds. A parameter called the dispersion safety factor (DSF) has been defined as the ratio between these two lengths, and two expressions are proposed to estimate it. During an emergency, the DSF can be a helpful parameter to indicate the danger of cloud ignition and flash fire.

  16. Petronas Seeks Opportunities for LNG Business in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Petronas, Malaysia's national oil and gas company, is in discussions with China's State-owned oil and gas finns for potential liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply contract opportunities, according to Datuk Abdul Rahim Hj Hashim, vice president of Petronas' gas business, who said Petronas is in "early" negotiations with CNOOC, Sinopec and PetroChina as well as coastal provincial governments.

  17. The impact of emergency release in LNG transfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bokhorst, E. van; Webber, T.; Putte, L.J. van der; Smeulers, J.P.M.; Remans, D.

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the results of experimental work and simulations of pressure surges resulting from fast closing valves and activation of an emergency release coupling (ERC) in ship-to-ship LNG transfer. The first part presents the results of an ambient water flow test with a fast closing 4-inch

  18. 从LNG船舶特殊通航保障谈LNG接收站与大型港口兼容性问题%Discussion on the compatibility of LNG terminal and Big Port from the view to ensure the special navigation security of LNG carriers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麻亚东; 谢勇

    2012-01-01

    This essay analyzes the special navigation security requirements of LNG careers, and, based on the international and domestic practice, comments that the big ports should be cautious m deciding to build new LNG terminals, in order to ensure the compatibility of LNG projects and the development of big ports.%文章通过分析LNG船舶特殊通航安全保障要求,结合国际国内现行做法,提出大型港口应谨慎确定新增LNG接收站项目的建议,旨在确保LNG项目与大型港口发展互相兼容。

  19. Field experiments on high expansion (HEX) foam application for controlling LNG pool fire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suardin, Jaffee A; Wang, Yanjun; Willson, Mike; Mannan, M Sam

    2009-06-15

    Previous research suggests that high expansion foam with an expansion ratio of 500 to 1 is one of the best options for controlling liquefied natural gas (LNG) pool fire on land. However, its effectiveness heavily depends on the foam application rate, foam generator location, and the design of LNG spill containment dike. Examination of these factors is necessary to achieve the maximum benefit for applying HEX on LNG pool fires. While theoretical study of the effects of foam on LNG fires is important, the complicated phenomena involved in LNG pool fire and foam application increase the need for LNG field experimentation. Therefore, five LNG experiments were conducted at Texas A&M University's Brayton Fire Training Field. ANGUS FIRE provided Expandol solution to form 500 to 1 high expansion foam (HEX) and its latest LNG Turbex Fixed High Expansion Foam Generators. In this paper, data collected during five experiments are presented and analyzed. The effectiveness of high expansion foam for controlling LNG pool fires with various application rates at two different types of containment pits is discussed. LNG fire behaviors and the effects of dike wall height are also presented and discussed.

  20. HYDRODYNAMIC INTERACTION BETWEEN FLNG VESSEL AND LNG CARRIER IN SIDE BY SIDE CONFIGURATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Wen-hua; YANG Jian-min; HU Zhi-qiang

    2012-01-01

    The Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) is a new type of floating platform for the exploitation of stranded offshore oil/gas fields.The side by side configuration for the FLNG vessel and the LNG carrier arranged in parallel is one of the possible choices for the LNG offloading.During the offioading operations,the multiple floating bodies would have very complex responses due to their hydrodynamic interactions.In this study,numerical simulations of multiple floating bodies in close proximity in the side by side offioading configuration are carried out with the time domain coupled analysis code SIMO.Hydrodynamic interactions between the floating bodies and the mechanical coupling effects between the floating bodies and their connection systems are included in the coupled analysis model.To clarify the hydrodynamic effects of the two vessels,numerical simulations under the same environmental condition are also conducted without considering the hydrodynamic interactions,for comparison.It is shown that the hydrodynamic interactions play an important role in the low frequency motion responses of the two vessels,but have little effect on the wave frequency motion responses.In addition,the comparison results also show that the hydrodynamic interactions can affect the loads on the connection systems.

  1. 液化天然气(LNG)冷藏车冷量回收换热器的设计%The design of heat exchanger for cold energy recover in LNG refrigerated truck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张哲; 郭永刚; 田津津; 毛力

    2012-01-01

    Liquid natural gas (LNG) can provide plenty of cold energy when it is used as the fuel. The cold energy can be recovered and utilized in refrigerated track refrigeration. LNC refrigerated truck can effectively save energy and avoid the ozone layer depletion and greenhouse effect. Traditionally, cold energy is recovered after direct gasification of LNG, which is happened in cold energy recover heat exchanger. However, frost is easily formed in the heat exchanger surface in this system and cause the performance of heat exchanger to decline. This paper proposed a method, which heat pipe technology was used to recover the cold energy released by UVG and achieve refrigeration in refrigerated truck. Besides, a new type of heat - pipe - based heat exchanger for LNG cold energy recover was designed. The new type of heat exchanger has high efficiency and compact characteristic.%液化天然气(LNG)用做优质“绿色”汽车燃料的同时,还具有大量的冷能,该冷能可回收用于冷藏车制冷,LNG冷藏车是一种节能环保型汽车.在LNG冷藏车冷量回收系统中,传统的方式是将LNG在换热器中直接气化,并向空气释放冷量,但这种方式中的换热器表面易结霜,对其性能造成很大危害.文中提出了采用热管技术回收LNG冷量并用于冷藏车制冷的方法;设计了新型的热管式LNG冷量回收换热器,该新型换热器具有高效、紧凑等特点.

  2. 影响LNG储罐无损检测准确性的因素分析%Analysis on the Factors of Affecting NDT Accuracy to LNG Store Tank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉宇; 谢建桥

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the problems existed in 100%X-ray detection for the welded joints of the inner tank material (06Ni9DR)of China domestic LNG store tank, it analyzed the factors of affecting NDT accuracy in this article, the results indicated the weld reinforcement, intensifying screen thickness and other parameters all affect the film blackness , and the improper operation of scattered rays and darkroom processing also can affect the evaluation result accuracy. Only the film blackness, sensitivity, fog density and other technical parameters of radiographic detection reach standard requirements, the NDT for material defects can be completed, and obtained accurate evaluation results.%针对国内LNG储罐内罐材料(06Ni9DR)焊接接头进行100%X射线检测时存在的问题,分析了影响无损检测准确性的因素。分析结果表明,焊缝余高、增感屏厚度等参数都会影响底片的黑度,散射线和暗室处理操作不当也会影响评定结果的准确性。只有射线检测拍出的底片黑度、灵敏度、灰雾度等技术指标达到标准的要求,才能完成对材料缺陷的无损检测,得到准确的检测评定结果。

  3. US North Slope gas and Asian LNG markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attanasi, E.D.

    1994-01-01

    Prospects for export of liquified natural gas (LNG) from Alaska's North Slope are assessed. Projected market conditions to 2010 show that new LNG capacity beyond announced expansions will be needed to meet regional demand and that supplies will probably come from outside the region. The estimated delivered costs of likely suppliers show that Alaska North Slope gas will not be competitive. The alternative North Slope gas development strategies of transport and sale to the lower 48 states and use on the North Slope for either enhanced oil recovery or conversion to liquids are examined. The alternative options require delaying development until US gas prices increase, exhaustion of certain North Slope oil fields, or advances occur in gas to liquid fuels conversion technology. ?? 1995.

  4. Mooring program of O-MAX LNG carrier%Q-MAX型LNG船舶系泊方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈汝夏; 王立国; 刘涛

    2012-01-01

    为保证LNG船舶停泊江苏LNG接收站期间的有效系泊,确保LNG船舶和接收站码头的安全和LNG卸货作业的顺利进行,运用OPTIMOOR计算机程序对舱容为26.6×104 m3的LNG船舶(Q-MAX型)右舷靠泊江苏LNG接收站码头,采用4-4-2和3-5-2两种系泊方案进行计算分析,得出了在不同环境条件下系泊缆绳所受的最大负荷、船舶的最大偏移量和码头护弦的最大变形量等计算结果.通过研究发现,这两种系泊方案均满足有效系泊的技术标准要求,是可以接受的.但在同样的外部环境条件下,3-5-2系泊方案略优于4-4-2系泊方案.%To maintain effective mooring of LNG carrier berthed at the wharf of Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal and ensure safety of carrier, terminal wharf and LNG transfer, an analysis on the starboard of Q-MAX type LNG carrier with a capacity of 266 000 m3 mooring alongside the wharf of Jiangsu LNG Receiving Terminal is carried out with the Optimoor Programme. Mooring program 4-4-2 and 3-5-2 are calculated, and the loadmax of mooring cable, offsetmax, of carrier and deflectionmax of wharf fender in different conditions are given. Research discovers that the both mooring programs are acceptable but to some extent, the loadmax of mooring cable in 3-5-2 mode is better than that of 4-4-2.

  5. CFD Modeling of LNG Spill: Humidity Effect on Vapor Dispersion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannissi, S. G.; Venetsanos, A. G.; Markatos, N.

    2015-09-01

    The risks entailed by an accidental spill of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) should be indentified and evaluated, in order to design measures for prevention and mitigation in LNG terminals. For this purpose, simulations are considered a useful tool to study LNG spills and to understand the mechanisms that influence the vapor dispersion. In the present study, the ADREA-HF CFD code is employed to simulate the TEEX1 experiment. The experiment was carried out at the Brayton Fire Training Field, which is affiliated with the Texas A&M University system and involves LNG release and dispersion over water surface in open- obstructed environment. In the simulation the source was modeled as a two-phase jet enabling the prediction of both the vapor dispersion and the liquid pool spreading. The conservation equations for the mixture are solved along with the mass fraction for natural gas. Due to the low prevailing temperatures during the spill ambient humidity condenses and this might affect the vapor dispersion. This effect was examined in this work by solving an additional conservation equation for the water mass fraction. Two different models were tested: the hydrodynamic equilibrium model which assumes kinetic equilibrium between the phases and the non hydrodynamic equilibrium model, in order to assess the effect of slip velocity on the prediction. The slip velocity is defined as the difference between the liquid phase and the vapor phase and is calculated using the algebraic slip model. Constant droplet diameter of three different sizes and a lognormal distribution of the droplet diameter were applied and the results are discussed and compared with the measurements.

  6. 78 FR 62344 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-18

    ... Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P.; Notice of Application Take notice that on... LNG, L.P. (collectively referred to as Sabine Pass) filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory..., construct, and operate additional liquefied natural gas (LNG) export facilities at the Sabine Pass...

  7. 77 FR 7568 - Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export... December 19, 2011, by Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC (collectively, FLEX... (LNG) in an amount up to the equivalent of 511 Billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas per year,...

  8. 77 FR 59603 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Oregon LNG Export...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Proposed Oregon LNG Export Project and Washington Expansion Project, Request for Comments on Environmental Issues, and Notice of Public Scoping Meetings ] LNG Development Company, LLC Docket No. PF12-18-000 and... facilities proposed by LNG Development Company, LLC and Oregon Pipeline Company (collectively referred to...

  9. 75 FR 11169 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC; Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Revised...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC; Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of... Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project March 1, 2010. The staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory... operation of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal and natural gas pipeline proposed by AES...

  10. 75 FR 61475 - Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Cameron LNG, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Cameron LNG Export Project and Request for Comments on Environmental Issues September... environmental assessment (EA) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Cameron LNG Export...

  11. 78 FR 47691 - UGI, Inc.; Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Temple LNG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... Proposed Temple LNG Liquefaction Upgrade and Request for Comments on Environmental Issues The staff of the...) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Temple LNG Liquefaction Upgrade involving construction and operation of facilities by UGI, Inc. (UGI) at its Temple liquefied natural gas (LNG)...

  12. 75 FR 57269 - Southern LNG Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern LNG Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed LNG Truck Loading Project and Request for Comments on Environmental Issues, and... environmental impacts of the LNG Truck Loading Project involving construction and operation of facilities...

  13. 33 CFR 165.1709 - Security Zones: Liquefied Natural Gas Tanker Transits and Operations at Phillips Petroleum LNG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Gas Tanker Transits and Operations at Phillips Petroleum LNG Pier, Cook Inlet, AK. 165.1709 Section...: Liquefied Natural Gas Tanker Transits and Operations at Phillips Petroleum LNG Pier, Cook Inlet, AK. (a... navigable waters within a 1000-yard radius of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tankers during their...

  14. 78 FR 25432 - Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Notice of Availability... Sabine Pass Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. and Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC (Sabine Pass) in the above-referenced... construction at the existing Sabine Pass LNG terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. The EA assesses...

  15. 76 FR 9573 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application Take notice that on January 31, 2011, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P... (Liquefaction Project) at the existing Sabine Pass LNG Terminal, located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana....

  16. 77 FR 66454 - Gulf LNG Liquefaction Company, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... LNG Liquefaction Company, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas... on August 31, 2012, by Gulf LNG Liquefaction Company, LLC (GLLC), requesting long-term, multi... liquefied natural gas (LNG), the equivalent of approximately 547.5 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural...

  17. 78 FR 17189 - Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization to Export Liquefied Natural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced... January 10, 2013, by Trunkline LNG Export, LLC (TLNG Export), requesting long-term, multi-contract authorization to export domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG) in an amount up to of 15...

  18. 77 FR 55197 - LNG Development Company, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LNG...) filed on July 16, 2012, by LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b/a Oregon LNG), requesting long-term, multi-contract authorization to export up to 9.6 million tons per annum (mtpa) of liquefied natural gas...

  19. 76 FR 76698 - Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Application To Export Domestic Liquefied Natural Gas to Non-Free...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-31518] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [FE Docket No. 11-128-LNG] Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP..., by Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP (DCP), requesting long- term, multi-contract authorization to export up to 7.82 million metric tons per year of domestically produced liquefied natural gas...

  20. 76 FR 4885 - Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC Application for Long-Term Authorization...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC Application for Long-Term Authorization to Export... (Application), filed on December 17, 2010, by Freeport LNG Expansion L.P. (FLNG Expansion) and FLNG... gas (LNG) for a 25-year period commencing on the date of the first export or five years from the...

  1. 78 FR 38024 - Magnolia LNG, LLC; Liquefied Natural Gas Limited; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Magnolia LNG, LLC; Liquefied Natural Gas Limited; Notice of Intent To...) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Magnolia Liquefied Natural Gas Project (Magnolia LNG Project) involving construction and operation of facilities by Magnolia LNG, LLC (Magnolia) in...

  2. 78 FR 13330 - Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC; Application for Long- Term Authorization To Export Liquefied... (Application) filed on December 19, 2012, by Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC (Pangea), requesting long-term, multi-contract authorization to export domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG) in...

  3. 77 FR 32962 - Gulf Coast LNG Export, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Domestically...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... Coast LNG Export, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Domestically Produced Liquefied... application (Application), filed on January 10, 2012, by Gulf Coast LNG Export, LLC (Gulf Coast), requesting long-term, multi-contract authorization to export domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG)...

  4. 77 FR 59601 - Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental... and operation of facilities by Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP (Dominion) in Maryland and Virginia. This... 717b, DOE would authorize the export of natural gas, including liquefied natural gas (LNG),...

  5. 77 FR 65546 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Petition To Amend Authorizations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Petition To... Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (collectively, Sabine Pass), 700 Milam Street, Suite... and operate certain related facilities (Modification Project) at the existing Sabine Pass LNG...

  6. Full scale ambient water flow tests of a 10-inch emergency release coupling for LNG transfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Putte, L.J. van der; Webber, T.; Bokhorst, E. van; Revell, C.

    2016-01-01

    For LNG transfer in ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore configurations emergency release couplings (F.RC) in combination with loading arms and multi-composite hoses are applied In view of a demand for increasing transfer flow rates in offshore LNG applications a 10-inch ERC has been developed intended fo

  7. File list: His.Lng.05.Pan_lysine_crotonylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  19. File list: His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung mm9 Histone Lung Lung SRX062974,SRX085435,SRX112926,SRX062973...,SRX085436,SRX535032,SRX535031,SRX535029,SRX535030 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  20. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung hg19 No description Lung Lung SRX134733,SRX142123,SRX134749,S...RX347275,SRX190760,SRX263911,SRX136963,SRX157632,SRX213915,SRX213921,SRX342270 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  1. File list: His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung mm9 Histone Lung Lung SRX085435,SRX062974,SRX112926,SRX535031...,SRX535029,SRX535032,SRX535030,SRX085436,SRX062973 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  2. File list: Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung SRX062972,SRX143814,SRX529265,SR...X062975 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  3. File list: Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung SRX062972,SRX143814,SRX529265,SR...X062975 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  4. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung mm9 All antigens Lung Lung SRX188644,SRX085435,SRX062974,SRX1...X062977,SRX143831,SRX085458,SRX535032,SRX529266,SRX535031,SRX535029,SRX535030 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  5. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung mm9 All antigens Lung Lung SRX062972,SRX143814,SRX062976,SRX1...X020252,SRX535031,SRX535029,SRX062975,SRX535032,SRX535030,SRX085436,SRX062973 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  6. File list: Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 Unclassified Lung Lung tumors SRX1528656,SRX152865...5,SRX1528660,SRX1528659,SRX1528657,SRX1528661 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  7. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung hg19 All antigens Lung Lung SRX134733,SRX142123,SRX134749,SRX...RX188957 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  8. File list: InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 Input control Lung Lung tumors SRX1528654,SRX69577...5 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  9. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung mm9 All antigens Lung Lung SRX062974,SRX085435,SRX188644,SRX1...X535032,SRX535031,SRX143831,SRX062977,SRX529266,SRX085458,SRX535029,SRX535030 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  10. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung hg19 All antigens Lung Lung SRX134733,SRX142123,SRX134749,SRX...RX136963 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  11. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung hg19 No description Lung Lung SRX134733,SRX142123,SRX134749,S...RX263911,SRX347275,SRX190760,SRX342270,SRX157632,SRX136963,SRX213915,SRX213921 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  12. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung hg19 All antigens Lung Lung SRX347275,SRX190760,SRX134733,SRX...RX136963 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung.bed ...

  13. File list: Pol.Lng.20.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell mm9 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Lung SRX0...62976,SRX143816,SRX020252 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  14. File list: Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell mm9 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Lung SRX1...43816,SRX062976,SRX020252 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  15. File list: Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell mm9 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase III Lung ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell.bed ...

  16. File list: Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell mm9 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase III Lung ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.RNA_Polymerase_III.AllCell.bed ...

  17. File list: His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_crotonylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_crotonylation.AllCell mm9 Histone Pan lysine crotonylation Lu...ng http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_crotonylation.AllCell.bed ...

  18. File list: His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX213854...47,SRX213852,SRX213857,SRX213862,SRX213848 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  19. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 No description Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  20. File list: Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SR...X213835,SRX213840,SRX213836,SRX213839,SRX213843,SRX213844 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  1. File list: Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SR...X213835,SRX213840,SRX213836,SRX213843,SRX213839,SRX213844 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  2. File list: His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX213850...57,SRX213852,SRX213848,SRX213849,SRX213863 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  3. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 No description Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  4. File list: Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SR...X213843,SRX213839,SRX213835,SRX213836,SRX213840,SRX213844 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  5. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 All antigens Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX2...RX213848 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  6. File list: His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX213854...58,SRX213853,SRX213863,SRX213849,SRX213862 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  7. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.HCC95 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.HCC95 hg19 All antigens Lung HCC95 SRX957904,SRX277136,SRX277138,S...RX277137 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.HCC95.bed ...

  8. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.HCC95 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.HCC95 hg19 All antigens Lung HCC95 SRX277138,SRX957904,SRX277137,S...RX277136 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.HCC95.bed ...

  9. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.HCC95 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.HCC95 hg19 All antigens Lung HCC95 SRX277138,SRX957904,SRX277136,S...RX277137 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.HCC95.bed ...

  10. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.SAEC [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.SAEC hg19 All antigens Lung SAEC SRX190009,SRX111765,SRX189983,SRX...069210,SRX069201,SRX189982,SRX080345,SRX190097,SRX080347,SRX080442 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.SAEC.bed ...

  11. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.SAEC [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.SAEC hg19 All antigens Lung SAEC SRX111765,SRX069201,SRX080347,SRX...080442,SRX189982,SRX069210,SRX080345,SRX190097,SRX189983,SRX190009 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.SAEC.bed ...

  12. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.SAEC [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.SAEC hg19 All antigens Lung SAEC SRX111765,SRX069210,SRX190009,SRX...069201,SRX080345,SRX080347,SRX080442,SRX189982,SRX190097,SRX189983 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.SAEC.bed ...

  13. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.SAEC [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.SAEC hg19 All antigens Lung SAEC SRX111765,SRX080347,SRX080442,SRX...189982,SRX069201,SRX069210,SRX080345,SRX190097,SRX190009,SRX189983 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.SAEC.bed ...

  14. File list: Oth.Lng.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell hg19 TFs and others Epitope tags Lung SRX119639,SRX...119641,SRX119640,SRX119642,SRX119638,SRX119637 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell.bed ...

  15. File list: His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell mm9 Histone Pan lysine acetylation Lung h...ttp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.10.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell.bed ...

  16. File list: His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell hg19 Histone Pan lysine acetylation Lung ...SRX099890 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell.bed ...

  17. File list: NoD.Lng.05.NA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.NA.AllCell hg19 No description NA Lung SRX347275,SRX190760,SRX134733,SRX...52461,SRX017511,SRX017509,SRX017526,ERX552460,SRX056805,SRX017508,SRX710532 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.NA.AllCell.bed ...

  18. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Calu-3 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Calu-3 hg19 All antigens Lung Calu-3 SRX761561,SRX761564,SRX761562...,SRX761563,SRX761566,SRX761565 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Calu-3.bed ...

  19. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Calu-3 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Calu-3 hg19 All antigens Lung Calu-3 SRX761566,SRX761561,SRX761564...,SRX761562,SRX761563,SRX761565 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Calu-3.bed ...

  20. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Calu-3 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Calu-3 hg19 All antigens Lung Calu-3 SRX761564,SRX761561,SRX761562...,SRX761566,SRX761565,SRX761563 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Calu-3.bed ...

  1. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Calu-3 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Calu-3 hg19 All antigens Lung Calu-3 SRX761566,SRX761564,SRX761562...,SRX761561,SRX761565,SRX761563 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Calu-3.bed ...

  2. File list: His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell mm9 Histone Pan lysine acetylation Lung h...ttp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.20.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell.bed ...

  3. File list: His.Lng.50.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.50.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell mm9 Histone Pan lysine acetylation Lung h...ttp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.50.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell.bed ...

  4. File list: His.Lng.05.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.05.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell mm9 Histone Pan lysine acetylation Lung h...ttp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.05.Pan_lysine_acetylation.AllCell.bed ...

  5. File list: Oth.Lng.10.SNAPC2.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.SNAPC2.AllCell hg19 TFs and others SNAPC2 Lung SRX150106,SRX150107,SRX01...6559 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.SNAPC2.AllCell.bed ...

  6. File list: Oth.Lng.05.SNAPC2.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.SNAPC2.AllCell hg19 TFs and others SNAPC2 Lung SRX150106,SRX016559,SRX15...0107 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.SNAPC2.AllCell.bed ...

  7. File list: Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SR...X213835,SRX213836,SRX213840,SRX213843,SRX213844,SRX213839 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  8. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 All antigens Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX2...RX213862 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  9. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 All antigens Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX2...RX213848 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  10. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 No description Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  11. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 No description Lung Lung adenocarcinoma ht...tp://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  12. File list: His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma mm9 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma SRX213850...63,SRX213852,SRX213862,SRX213857,SRX213848 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma.bed ...

  13. File list: Oth.Lng.50.TP53.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.50.TP53.AllCell hg19 TFs and others TP53 Lung SRX208484,SRX208485,SRX208486...,SRX620747,SRX620746,SRX093319 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.50.TP53.AllCell.bed ...

  14. File list: Oth.Lng.05.TP53.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.TP53.AllCell hg19 TFs and others TP53 Lung SRX208485,SRX208484,SRX208486...,SRX620747,SRX620746,SRX093319 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.TP53.AllCell.bed ...

  15. File list: Oth.Lng.10.TP53.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.TP53.AllCell hg19 TFs and others TP53 Lung SRX208485,SRX208484,SRX208486...,SRX620747,SRX620746,SRX093319 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.TP53.AllCell.bed ...

  16. File list: Oth.Lng.20.TP53.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.TP53.AllCell hg19 TFs and others TP53 Lung SRX208484,SRX208485,SRX208486...,SRX620747,SRX620746,SRX093319 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.TP53.AllCell.bed ...

  17. File list: NoD.Lng.10.NA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.NA.AllCell hg19 No description NA Lung SRX134733,ERX593132,SRX031381,SRX...81228,SRX136963,SRX017509,SRX012498,SRX017527,SRX017508,SRX710532,SRX056805 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.NA.AllCell.bed ...

  18. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 All antigens Lung Pleural Effusion SRX467611... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  19. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 No description Lung Pleural Effusion SRX4676...11 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  20. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 All antigens Lung Pleural Effusion SRX467611... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  1. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 No description Lung Pleural Effusion SRX4676...11 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  2. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 All antigens Lung Pleural Effusion SRX467611... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  3. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 No description Lung Pleural Effusion SRX4676...11 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  4. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 All antigens Lung Pleural Effusion SRX467611... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  5. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion hg19 No description Lung Pleural Effusion SRX4676...11 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Pleural_Effusion.bed ...

  6. 76 FR 40723 - Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Notice of Technical Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP; Notice of Technical Conference On May 27, 2011, pursuant to section 4 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP (Cove Point) filed...

  7. 77 FR 66830 - LNG Development Company, LLC and Oregon Pipeline Company; Northwest Pipeline GP; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission LNG Development Company, LLC and Oregon Pipeline Company; Northwest Pipeline GP; Notice of Extension of Comment Period for the Oregon LNG Export and Washington Expansion Projects This notice announces the extension of the public scoping process and comment period for the Oregon...

  8. 76 FR 78188 - Reconsideration of Letters of Recommendation for Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking... natural gas (LNG) or liquefied hazardous gas (LHG) marine traffic. It also proposes a separate process for... the Port DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register LHG Liquefied hazardous gas...

  9. File list: DNS.Lng.20.DNase-Seq.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.20.DNase-Seq.AllCell hg19 DNase-seq DNase-Seq Lung SRX040403,SRX100964,SRX1...30,SRX374729,SRX189416,SRX100904 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.20.DNase-Seq.AllCell.bed ...

  10. File list: Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Lung S...RX016555,SRX150101,SRX150102 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell.bed ...

  11. File list: Pol.Lng.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Lung SRX... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  12. File list: Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Lung SRX... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  13. File list: Pol.Lng.10.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Lung SRX... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  14. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 All antigens Lung Lung tumors SRX1528659,SRX152865...7,SRX695776,SRX1528655,SRX695777,SRX1528656,SRX1528654,SRX695775,SRX1528661,SRX1528660 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  15. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 All antigens Lung Lung tumors SRX695776,SRX1528656...,SRX695777,SRX1528655,SRX1528654,SRX695775,SRX1528659,SRX1528657,SRX1528661,SRX1528660 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  16. File list: InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 Input control Lung Lung tumors SRX1528654,SRX69577...5 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  17. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_tumors [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_tumors mm9 All antigens Lung Lung tumors SRX1528655,SRX695777...,SRX695775,SRX1528654,SRX695776,SRX1528656,SRX1528657,SRX1528659,SRX1528660,SRX1528661 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_tumors.bed ...

  18. File list: InP.Lng.05.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.05.Input_control.AllCell hg19 Input control Input control Lung SRX502813,SR...88957,SRX093320,SRX038682,SRX502807,SRX497258,SRX497257 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.05.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  19. File list: InP.Lng.20.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.20.Input_control.AllCell hg19 Input control Input control Lung SRX502813,SR...1772,SRX734236,SRX188957,SRX1004561,SRX497257,SRX497258 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.20.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  20. File list: InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell mm9 Input control Input control Lung SRX213845,SRX...RX213842,SRX213846,SRX1528654 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  1. File list: InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell mm9 Input control Input control Lung SRX213845,SRX...SRX213865,SRX213842,SRX213846 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  2. File list: InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell hg19 Input control Input control Lung SRX502813,SR...89952,SRX080360,SRX734236,SRX038683,SRX093320,SRX038682 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.50.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  3. File list: Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell mm9 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Lung SRX0...62976,SRX143816,SRX020252 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  4. File list: InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell hg19 Input control Input control Lung SRX502813,SR...74812,SRX016558,SRX734236,SRX038682,SRX497257,SRX497258 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.10.Input_control.AllCell.bed ...

  5. File list: DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 DNase-seq Lung Tracheal epithelial ...cells SRX1420085,SRX374730,SRX374729 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  6. File list: His.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Histone Lung Tracheal epithelial ce...lls http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  7. File list: Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Unclassified Lung Tracheal epitheli...al cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  8. File list: Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 TFs and others Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells SRX268452,SRX268450,SRX268451 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  9. File list: DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 DNase-seq Lung Fetal lung SRX040403,SRX100964,SRX1...RX055191,SRX055188,SRX055187,SRX027087,SRX055198 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  10. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 No description Lung Fetal lung SRX031411,SRX040986...05 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  11. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 No description Lung Fetal lung SRX031381,SRX031411...05 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  12. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 All antigens Lung Fetal lung SRX031411,SRX040403,S...804,SRX031399,SRX031423,SRX031381,SRX056806,SRX041015,SRX031384,SRX056805 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  13. File list: DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 DNase-seq Lung Fetal lung SRX040403,SRX100964,SRX1...RX201831,SRX055191,SRX027087,SRX055187,SRX055198 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  14. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 All antigens Lung Fetal lung SRX031381,SRX031411,S...187,SRX031423,SRX041015,SRX055198,SRX056806,SRX056804,SRX031384,SRX056805 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  15. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 No description Lung Fetal lung SRX031411,SRX040986...05 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  16. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 All antigens Lung Fetal lung SRX031381,SRX031423,S...191,SRX055187,SRX055198,SRX031384,SRX041015,SRX056806,SRX056804,SRX056805 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  17. File list: DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 DNase-seq Lung Fetal lung SRX040403,SRX100964,SRX1...RX055188,SRX062368,SRX055191,SRX055187,SRX055198 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  18. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 No description Lung Fetal lung SRX031381,SRX031423...05 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  19. File list: DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung hg19 DNase-seq Lung Fetal lung SRX040403,SRX100964,SRX1...RX055187,SRX055188,SRX027087,SRX055198,SRX027088 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Fetal_lung.bed ...

  20. File list: Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Unclassified Lung Tracheal epitheli...al cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  1. File list: Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  2. File list: Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 TFs and others Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells SRX268452,SRX268450,SRX268451 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  3. File list: Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  4. File list: Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  5. File list: Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Unclassified Lung Tracheal epitheli...al cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  6. File list: His.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Histone Lung Tracheal epithelial ce...lls http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  7. File list: DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 DNase-seq Lung Tracheal epithelial ...cells SRX1420085,SRX374730,SRX374729 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  8. File list: DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 DNase-seq Lung Tracheal epithelial ...cells SRX1420085,SRX374730,SRX374729 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  9. File list: Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 TFs and others Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells SRX268452,SRX268451,SRX268450 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  10. File list: His.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Histone Lung Tracheal epithelial ce...lls http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  11. File list: Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Unclassified Lung Tracheal epitheli...al cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  12. File list: Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 TFs and others Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells SRX268450,SRX268452,SRX268451 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  13. File list: DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 DNase-seq Lung Tracheal epithelial ...cells SRX1420085,SRX374730,SRX374729 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  14. File list: Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  15. File list: His.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Histone Lung Tracheal epithelial ce...lls http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  16. File list: Oth.Lng.20.HIRA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.HIRA.AllCell hg19 TFs and others HIRA Lung SRX502812,SRX502810,SRX502808...,SRX502814 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.HIRA.AllCell.bed ...

  17. File list: Oth.Lng.10.HIRA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.HIRA.AllCell hg19 TFs and others HIRA Lung SRX502812,SRX502814,SRX502810...,SRX502808 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.HIRA.AllCell.bed ...

  18. File list: Oth.Lng.50.HIRA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.50.HIRA.AllCell hg19 TFs and others HIRA Lung SRX502812,SRX502810,SRX502808...,SRX502814 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.50.HIRA.AllCell.bed ...

  19. File list: Oth.Lng.05.HIRA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.HIRA.AllCell hg19 TFs and others HIRA Lung SRX502812,SRX502814,SRX502810...,SRX502808 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.HIRA.AllCell.bed ...

  20. File list: Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Lung S...RX016555,SRX150101,SRX150102 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell.bed ...

  1. File list: Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell hg19 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Lung SRX... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  2. LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas): emerging control; GNL (Gas Natural Liquefeito): controle de emergencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berardinelli, Ricardo Porto; Correa, Kleber Macedo; Moura Filho, Nelson Barboza de; Matos, Jose Eduardo Nogueira de; Fernandez, Carlos Antonio [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Gerencia de Seguranca, Meio Ambiente e Saude

    2008-07-01

    The operation to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is innovative for the PETROBRAS System. PETROBRAS Transporte - TRANSPETRO will operate two LNG flexible terminals. In accordance with the health, safety and environmental policy - training, education and awareness action plans were formulated by TRANSPETRO to assure the operational safety for the activity. Part of this action plan includes the training of LNG spill control and fire suppression. The training was carried out in 20 hours and divided into two parts: theoretical and practice. In the practice part, 3.000 gallons of LNG were unloaded and the students could verify the behaviour of the LNG and the effectiveness of the resources available for the emergency control. The knowledge was introduced in the company to create specific procedures, local emergency plans and develop internal instructors. (author)

  3. GTL or LNG: Which is the best way to monetize "stranded" natural gas?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Lichun; Wei Shun'an; Tan Shiyu; Zhang Hongjing

    2008-01-01

    A large portion of world's natural gas reserves are "stranded" resources, the drive to monetize these resources leads to the development of gas-to-liquids (GTL) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) technologies. LNG has the advantage of having been developed for the past 40 years and having an excellent safety record. GTL on the other hand is another option with substantial benefits, but its development stage and commercial viability are far behind LNG. This paper presents a techno-economic comparison of GTL with LNG, including technical development, plant efficiency, market potential for the products, and capital cost for the infrastructure. The aim is to give an overall view on both LNG and GTL and provide a perspective on the profitability of these two technologies.

  4. Stud welding for fixation of cryogenic insulation of membrane tanks in LNG ship building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jeong-Soo LEE; Young-Soo RYU; Nam-In KIM; Bong-Joon KIM; Yoo-Kyung KIM; Myung-Hyun KIM

    2009-01-01

    The support plates including all of the inner hulls such as E grade steel, weld seams and SUS304L were considered to establish the optimal stud welding condition in LNG ship building. The stainless steel plate was especially applied to the bracket on the liquid dome. The polished and etched surfaces of the welded stud and support plate were examined if the bead was properly formed. With the micrographic examination, the fusion boundary of metal weld zone formed by stud welding was analyzed to optimize the welding parameters. And also the analysis of the unacceptable welding faults such as cold and hot weld were performed. The mechanical tests such as tensile tests and bending tests were carried out to reveal any abnormal variation in the relationship of process parameters and the strength.

  5. 螺旋折流板管壳式换热器内LNG混合介质流动冷凝特性仿真平台开发及影响因素分析%Simulation Platform Development and Influence Factor Analysis for Flow Condensation Characteristics of LNG Mixture in Shell-tube Heat Exchanger with Helical Baffles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄庆楠; 陈杰; 杨文刚; 罗婷婷; 丁国良; 胡海涛

    2015-01-01

    螺旋折流板管壳式换热器用于冷凝混合烃类介质时,会产生冷凝不均导致设备效率降低等问题;但是由于换热器体积和能耗巨大,难以通过大量的实验测试得出换热器性能的规律。为了了解管壳式换热器内LNG混合介质流动冷凝特性,本文建立了一种用于螺旋折流板管壳式换热器内LNG混合介质流动冷凝的仿真模型。该模型考虑了流动过程中的传热传质及气相分率的变化,体现了换热器结构、螺旋折流板参数及工质物性等各种因素对流动和传热的影响,同时保证仿真的计算速度。此外,采用该模型开发的仿真平台具有友好的用户界面,方便用户输入仿真参数,准确快捷地对换热器性能进行仿真,并以形象直观的方式输出仿真结果。基于开发的仿真平台,对螺旋折流板管壳式换热器内 LNG 混合介质流动冷凝特性的结构影响因素进行了分析,给出了最佳螺旋角的推荐值。%When the shell-tube heat exchanger with helical baffles is used for cooling mixed hydrocarbons, it may cause the unbalance of condensation and reduce the equipment efficiency. But due to huge volume and energy consumption of the heat exchanger, it is difficult to study the performance rule by a large number of experimental tests. In order to understand the flow condensation characteristics of LNG mixture in the shell side, a simulation model of the seawater heat exchanger with helical baffles is developed in this paper. The heat and mass transfer and the change of the gas fraction along the flow process are considered in the model. And it reflects the influence of the heat exchanger structure, helical baffle parameters, flow process and fluid properties on flowing and heat exchanging. The simulation speed can be guaranteed by segmentation parameters method as well. In addition, the friendly graphic user interface has also been developed in this simulation platform

  6. Projectile Base Flow Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    S) AND ADDRESS(ES) DCW Industries, Inc. 5354 Palm Drive La Canada, CA 91011 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...REPORT NUMBER DCW -38-R-05 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U. S. Army Research Office...Turbulence Modeling for CFD, Second Edition, DCW Industries, Inc., La Cañada, CA. Wilcox, D. C. (2001), “Projectile Base Flow Analysis,” DCW

  7. LNG Safety Research: FEM3A Model Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liese Dallbauman

    2004-06-30

    During this reporting period, kickoff and planning meetings were held. Subcontracted experimental and modeling tasks were defined. Efforts to address the numerical stability problems that hamper FEM3A's applicability to low wind speed, stable atmospheric conditions were initiated. A detailed review of FEM3A code and its execution, required for development of an accessible user interface, was also begun. A one-day workshop on LNG safety models has been scheduled for September 2004. The goals of this project are to develop a national focal point for LNG safety research and technical dissemination and to develop the FEM3A dispersion model for application to general scenarios involving dispersion problems with obstacle and terrain features of realistic complexity. During this reporting period, the objectives and scope of the project and its constituent tasks were discussed at a project kickoff meeting in Morgantown. Details of the subcontracted experimental and modeling tasks were further defined at a separate meeting at the University of Arkansas. Researchers at the university have begun to modify the turbulence closure model used in FEM3A to insure numerical stability during simulation of low-wind-speed, stable atmospheric conditions. The university's wind tunnel is being prepared for upcoming experimental studies. GTI has begun a detailed review of the FEM3A code and its execution that will provide guidance during development of an accessible user interface. Plans were made for a one day workshop on LNG safety models that will be held at the end of September and will provide an introduction to currently available and pending software tools.

  8. LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-24

    Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

  9. Development and industrial tests of the first LNG hydraulic turbine system in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Chen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The cryogenic hydraulic turbine can be used to replace the conventional J–T valve for LNG or mixed refrigerant throttling and depressurization in a natural gas liquefaction plant. This advanced technology is not only to enhance the efficiency of the liquefaction plant, but to usher a new trend in the development of global liquefaction technologies. China has over 136 liquefaction plants, but the cryogenic hydraulic turbines have not been deployed in industrial utilization. In addition, these turbines cannot be manufactured domestically. In this circumstance, through working on the key technologies for LNG hydraulic turbine process & control system development, hydraulic model optimization design, structure design and manufacturing, the first domestic cryogenic hydraulic turbine with a flow rate of 40 m3/h was developed to recover the pressure energy from the LNG of cold box. The turbine was installed in the CNOOC Zhuhai Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant for industrial tests under multiple working conditions, including start-stop, variable flow rates and variable rotation speeds. Test results show that the domestic LNG cryogenic hydraulic turbine has satisfactory mechanical and operational performances at low temperatures as specified in design. In addition, the process & control system and frequency-conversion power-generation system of the turbine system are designed properly to automatically and smoothly replace the existing LNG J–T valve. As a result, the domestic LNG cryogenic hydraulic turbine system can improve LNG production by an average of 2% and generate power of 8.3 kW.

  10. Enabling a viable technique for the optimization of LNG carrier cargo operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaba, Onakoya Rasheed; Nwaoha, T. C.; Okwu, M. O.

    2016-09-01

    In this study, we optimize the loading and discharging operations of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) carrier. First, we identify the required precautions for LNG carrier cargo operations. Next, we prioritize these precautions using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and experts' judgments, in order to optimize the operational loading and discharging exercises of the LNG carrier, prevent system failure and human error, and reduce the risk of marine accidents. Thus, the objective of our study is to increase the level of safety during cargo operations.

  11. Enabling a Viable Technique for the Optimization of LNG Carrier Cargo Operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Onakoya Rasheed Alaba; T C Nwaoha; M O Okwu

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we optimize the loading and discharging operations of the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) carrier. First, we identify the required precautions for LNG carrier cargo operations. Next, we prioritize these precautions using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and experts’ judgments, in order to optimize the operational loading and discharging exercises of the LNG carrier, prevent system failure and human error, and reduce the risk of marine accidents. Thus, the objective of our study is to increase the level of safety during cargo operations.

  12. Prediction of Mass Transfer Time Relaxation Parameter for Boiling Simulation on the Shell-Side of LNG Spiral Wound Heat Exchanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Yong Wu

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this present study is to propose an approach to predict mass transfer time relaxation parameter for boiling simulation on the shell-side of LNG spiral wound heat exchanger (SWHE. The numerical model for the shell-side of LNG SWHE was established. For propane and ethane, a predicted value of mass transfer time relaxation parameter was presented through the equivalent evaporation simulations and was validated by the Chisholm void fraction correlation recommended under various testing conditions. In addition, heat transfer deviations between simulations using the predicted value of mass transfer time relaxation parameter and experiments from Aunan were investigated. The boiling characteristics of SWHE shell-side were also visualized based on the simulations with VOF model. The method of predicting mass transfer time relaxation parameter may be well applicable to various phase change simulations.

  13. Steady-state and dynamic simulation study on boil-off gas minimization and recovery strategies at LNG exporting terminals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurle, Yogesh

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is becoming one of the prominent clean energy sources with its abundance, high calorific value, low emission, and price. Vapors generated from LNG due to heat leak are called boil-off gas (BOG). As world-wide LNG productions are increasing fast, BOG generation and handling problems are becoming more critical. Also, due to stringent environmental regulations, flaring of BOG is not a viable option. In this study, typical Propane-and-Mixed-Refrigerant (C3-MR) process, storage facilities, and loading facilities are modeled and simulated to study BOG generation at LNG exporting terminals, including LNG processing, storage, and berth loading areas. Factors causing BOG are presented, and quantities of BOG generated due to each factor at each location are calculated under different LNG temperatures. Various strategies to minimize, recover, and reuse BOG are also studied for their feasibility and energy requirements. Rate of BOG generation during LNG loading---Jetty BOG (JBOG)---changes significantly with loading time. In this study, LNG vessel loading is simulated using dynamic process simulation software to obtain JBOG generation profile and to study JBOG recovery strategies. Also, fuel requirements for LNG plant to run steam-turbine driven compressors and gas-turbine driven compressors are calculated. Handling of JBOG generated from multiple loadings is also considered. The study would help proper handling of BOG problems in terms of minimizing flaring at LNG exporting terminals, and thus reducing waste, saving energy, and protecting surrounding environments.

  14. Maritime prerequisites for development of infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG / LBG); Maritima foerutsaettningar foer utbyggnad av infrastruktur foer flytande gas (LNG/LBG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gahnstroem, Johan; Molitor, Edvard; Raggl, Karl-Johan; Sandkvist, Jim [SSPA Sweden AB, Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2011-06-15

    This study has provided an initial picture of where the most interesting ports and areas available for future expansion of a maritime infrastructure for LNG. On the basis of supplying vessels with LNG as fuel, from a long term perspective, we recommend locating LNG terminals in or near major ports and around the big ship routes. Given the current age distribution of ships operating waters of the Baltic Sea, almost 20% of the vessels are 30-40 years old and likely to be replaced by 2015 - 2020. Thus, there is a potential for newly built ships will be equipped with LNG operation. Selected criteria s; Size of the LNG terminal and hence the need for the size of the fairway and the area of land. Proximity to traffic routes with much ship traffic. Proximity to the major port. Proximity to consumers on the land side. On the basis of selected criteria and analyzed for possible location of the terminal it can be noted that a number of Swedish ports are found suitable. For example, ports of Sundsvall, Gothenburg and Helsingborg has been identified as suitable, but with different starting point and different types and sizes of terminals possible.

  15. Boil-off gas vapors are recovered by reliquefaction in LNG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levay, M.; Petit, P.; Paradowski, H.

    1986-02-24

    Although great care is taken to prevent heat leaks into cryogenic equipment in LNG terminals, boil-off vapors evolve from LNG stored at thermodynamic equilibrium. The quantities of boil-off vapors may be quite considerable. They account for about 1% of the total gas quantity received and sent out at the monitor-de-bretagne LNG terminal of Gaz de France. A novel process has significantly cut boil-off vapor handling costs. It is free of technical problems which would arise from local utilization of the gas and makes boil-off recovery possible under optimum conditions. In addition, the process shows an excellent degree of reliability. Boil-off vapors have a lower heating value than the stored LNG. However, since they mainly consist of methane, their economic usefulness makes vapor recovery necessary. This boil-off gas, with widely fluctuating quantities and qualities, cannot be readily used locally. The vapors must be sent out into the grid.

  16. LNG-IUS的避孕机制和治疗进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许洁霜; 庄留琪

    2001-01-01

    释放左旋18-甲基炔诺酮(LNG)的宫内节育器(IUD)简称LNG-IUD,近年来称之为LNG-IUS(levonorgestrel intrauterine system)与其他带铜IUD相比避孕效果好,能降低盆腔感染性疾病和宫外孕的发生率,哺乳期妇女可以安全使用,取出后迅速恢复正常月经周期和生育功能.LNG-IUS兼具激素和IUD的优点,并具有避孕和治疗子宫内膜异位症、子宫肌瘤、月经过多等妇科疾病和激素替代治疗功能,因而在-定程度上替代了子宫切除术.

  17. 77 FR 38128 - Withdrawal of TORP Terminal LP, Bienville Offshore Energy Terminal Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Maritime Administration Withdrawal of TORP Terminal LP, Bienville Offshore Energy Terminal Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port Application AGENCY: Maritime Administration, DOT. ACTION: Deepwater...

  18. Safety Control System of LNG Terminal%LNG站的安全控制系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢深

    2014-01-01

    LNG是一种环保、便于储存的优质能源。随着我国对清洁能源的需求不断上升,LNG接收站的建设已经成为我国油气和能源工业新的热点,而在任何油气工业中安全都是重点,文章以上海五号沟LNG站为例,介绍LNG站安全控制系统的设计。%LNG is a kind of energy which is environmental and easy to store. With the increase of demand for clean energy of China, more and more LNG terminal has been built up. Since the safety operation should be considered in the design process, taking shanghai Wuhaogou LNG terminal as an example, the paper introduces the safety control system design of LNG terminal.

  19. Effects of LNG-IUS on nerve growth factor and its receptors expression in patients with adenomyosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Young Sik; Cho, Sihyun; Lim, Kyung Jin; Jeon, Young Eun; Yang, Hyo In; Lee, Kyung Eun; Heena, Kamdar; Seo, Seok Kyo; Kim, Hye Yeon; Lee, Byung Seok

    2010-12-01

    The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is effective in the treatment of dysmenorrhea associated with adenomyosis. However, the mechanism of pain relief of LNG-IUS in patients with adenomyosis is unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of LNG-IUS on the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors, NGFR p75 and TrkA in patients with adenomyosis. Endometrial and myometrial tissues were prepared from 17 LNG-IUS-treated patients and 15 hormonally untreated patients who had undergone hysterectomies for adenomyosis. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies against NGF, NGFR p75, and TrkA, was performed. The expression of NGF, NGFR p75, and TrkA in endometrium and myometrium of LNG-IUS-treated patients was significantly decreased compared to those of hormonally untreated patients. Our findings may indicate that the suppression of NGF and its receptors by LNG-IUS is another possible mechanism of relieving pain in patients with adenomyosis.

  20. Ultrasound Location of Misplaced Levonorgestrel Releasing Intrauterine System (LNG-IUS) - is it easy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gowri, Vaidyanathan; Mathew, Mariam

    2009-01-01

    The Levonorgestrel intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is a hormone-containing device licensed for treatment of menorrhagia and contraception. Though complications such as perforation have been reported similar to other non-hormonal intrauterine devices, the diagnosis of such complications is difficult with this device because the LNG-IUD has a different ultrasound appearance compared to copper devices and these case reports are intended to emphasize this point.

  1. China's Big-three Oil Companies Eager to Expand LNG Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Hong; Wen Jiuliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ Sinopec's ambitious intention BEIJING, June 23-Top Asian oil refiner Sinopec announced its intention in late-June to build a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in the southern Chinese city of Zhuhai. Sinopec is vying with CNOOC Group, which is leading a race to build a string of LNG terminals along coastal China, as the government aims to boost the country's use of cleaner gas to 8 percent of its energy mix by the end of this decade.

  2. Demand management of city gas per season and study of estimating proper size of LNG storage facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Y.H.; Kim, S.D. [Korea Energy Economics Institute, Euiwang (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-09-01

    LNG storage facilities are indispensable to satisfy demand throughout the year by saturating the time difference of supply and demand that appears due to seasonal factors. The necessity of storage facilities is more important in a country like Korea where LNG is not produced at all and imports are relied upon. The problem of deciding how much storage facilities to keep and in what pattern to import LNG is a question to solve in order to minimize the costs related to the construction of LNG storage facilities while not causing any problem in the supply and demand of LNG. This study analyzes how the import of LNG and the consumption pattern of LNG for power generation affect the decision on the size of storage facilities. How the shipping control, and how LNG demand for power generation affect the decision of requirement of storage facilities, and why the possibility of shipping control should be investigated in the aspect of costs is investigated. As a result of this study, I presented necessary basic data for drafting a policy by assessing the minimum requirements of storage facilities needed for balancing the supply and demand with the various shipping control and LNG consumption patterns through simulation up to the year 2010. 10 refs., 33 figs., 66 tabs.

  3. Clean sailing. LNG terminals. Maritime infrastructure for liquefied natural gas; Sauber auf See. LNG-Terminals. Maritime Infrastruktur fuer fluessiges Erdgas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2013-09-01

    Ports act as essential hubs in the global economy. But the rise in maritime traffic is taking a toll on the quality of air in ports and out at sea. From 2015 onwards, threshold governing harmful emissions are being tightened in a bid to clear the air. All of which is driving interest in more environmentally sound fuels. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the perfect fit, more than complying with the upcoming regulations. To enable its widespread adoption, Linde is working full steam ahead to create a network of LNG terminals in Europe. (orig.)

  4. LNG燃气动力修井机开发及应用%Development and Application of LNG Powered Workover Rig

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史永庆; 曲永哲; 刘世峰; 邢付顺; 黄勇

    2016-01-01

    The current domestic workover rigs are usually diesel powered, which present economic and envi⁃ronmental issues like high costs and high pollution emissions�Liquefied natural gas ( LNG) , as a high⁃quality and highly efficient low⁃carbon energy, is considered to be an ideal alternative fuel for vehicle engine�The composition of LNG powered workover rig, and working principle of LNG supply system and fueling system have been intro⁃duced�Comparative analysis on the power, economy and environmental protection of LNG powered workover rig has been conducted�Field application results show that, all the performance indicators of LNG powered workover rig met the needs of oil field workover operations�Workover operation on a single well saved fuel costs by 34%, re⁃duced emissions of harmful gases by about 85%, reduced carbon emissions by about 95%, achieving energy⁃sav⁃ing and environmentally friendly workover operation, presenting good economic and social benefits.%国内修井机大多采用柴油作为动力,存在修井作业成本高以及污染排放量大等经济和环保问题。液化天然气( LNG)作为一种优质、高效的新型低碳能源,被认为是较理想的车用发动机代用燃料。阐述了LNG燃气动力修井机的组成、燃气供气系统及燃料加注系统工作原理,对比分析了LNG燃气动力修井机的动力性、经济性和环保性。现场应用结果表明, LNG燃气动力修井机各项性能指标均满足油田现场修井作业需求,单井节省燃料费用34%,有害气体排放减少约85%,综合碳排放减少约95%,实现了修井作业低能耗、环保型生产,具有良好的经济效益和社会效益。

  5. LNG terminali ehitavad üksteise võidu noor neiu, riik ja ärihaid / Andres Reimer ; kommenteerinud Jüri Mõis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2011-01-01

    Kinnisvaraspetsialist Ulrica Steen asutas koos Aat Kuumaga ettevõtte OÜ Sillgas, et alustada kahe aasta pärast Sillamäele LNG terminali ehitamist. Eesti Gaas ei pea Sillamäed kuigi suure väljavaatega asukohaks. Tallinna Sadam peab LNG terminali parimaks asukohaks Muuga sadama idaosa. Skeem: Kes tahavad ehitada LNG terminali

  6. Technology qualification of an ambient pressure subsea cryogenic pipeline for offshore LNG loading and receiving terminals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussain, Afzal; Viteri, Martha; D' Angelo, Luis [Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Prescott, Neal; Zhang, Jeff [Fluor Corporation, Irving, TX (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    A project that deploys new technologies need to be confident that the technology can be implemented successfully and will perform reliably as designed. New technology is critical to industry, especially where such technology is a project enable without the existence of a backup solution, but also for projects where such technologies bring potential benefits such as technical, economic, schedule, and environmental improvements. DNV developed and has been implementing for many years a systematic, risk based technology qualification process as described in DNV RP-A203, qualification procedures for new technology. One of the major objectives of a formal technology qualification process is to ensure that risks are properly addressed. The DNV process includes several levels of technology qualification and review, starting with a statement of feasibility and concluding with a Certificate of Fitness for Service. Fluor Corporation (Fluor) has developed a new subsea cryogenic pipe-in-pipe configuration for offshore LNG loading and receiving terminals. The configuration uses a highly efficient thermal nano-porous insulation in the annular space between the inner and outer pipes. This material is kept in an ambient pressure environment, which is produced through sealing by metal bulkheads. The bulkheads transfer the contraction induced axial compression load on the inner cryogenic carrier pipe to the external jacket pipe. The resulting pipeline bundle is a structural element, which addresses the thermal contraction and expansion loads without the use of expansion bellows or ultra-low thermal contraction alloys. Fluor has followed the DNV technology qualification process to achieve the defined milestones therein which culminated in DNV issuing a certificate of fitness for service. Particular focus was put on the new aspects of the design. The certificate of fitness for service for the Fluor subsea LNG pipe technology provides project management with the confidence that this

  7. Trajectory Based Traffic Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Benjamin Bjerre; Andersen, Ove; Lewis-Kelham, Edwin

    2013-01-01

    -and-click analysis, due to a novel and efficient indexing structure. With the web-site daisy.aau.dk/its/spqdemo/we will demonstrate several analyses, using a very large real-world data set consisting of 1.9 billion GPS records (1.5 million trajectories) recorded from more than 13000 vehicles, and touching most...

  8. File list: InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 Input control Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lung... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  9. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 No description Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lun...g http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  10. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 No description Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lun...g http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  11. File list: InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 Input control Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lung... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  12. File list: InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 Input control Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lung... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  13. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 No description Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lun...g http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  14. File list: InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 Input control Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lung... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  15. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung mm9 No description Lung Carcinoma, Lewis Lun...g http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Carcinoma,_Lewis_Lung.bed ...

  16. File list: InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Input control Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  17. File list: His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcino...ma cell lines SRX1143598,SRX1143596,SRX1143599,SRX1143597 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  18. File list: Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  19. File list: Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  20. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 No description Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  1. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 No description Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  2. File list: Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  3. File list: Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  4. File list: DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarci...noma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  5. File list: ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 All antigens Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines SRX1143596,SRX1143597,SRX1143598,SRX1143599 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  6. File list: Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  7. File list: Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  8. File list: Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  9. File list: InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Input control Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  10. File list: ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 All antigens Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines SRX1143597,SRX1143599,SRX1143598,SRX1143596 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  11. File list: ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 All antigens Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines SRX1143596,SRX1143597,SRX1143598,SRX1143599 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  12. File list: InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Input control Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  13. File list: DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarci...noma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  14. File list: Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  15. File list: Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  16. File list: ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 All antigens Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines SRX1143598,SRX1143596,SRX1143599,SRX1143597 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/ALL.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  17. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 No description Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  18. File list: Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 RNA polymerase Lung Lung adenocar...cinoma cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Pol.Lng.10.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  19. File list: His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcino...ma cell lines SRX1143597,SRX1143599,SRX1143598,SRX1143596 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  20. File list: DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma... cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  1. File list: DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 DNase-seq Lung Lung adenocarcinoma... cell lines http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/DNS.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  2. Natural gas and CO2 price variation: impact on the relative cost-efficiency of LNG and pipelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulvestad, Marte; Overland, Indra

    2012-06-01

    THIS ARTICLE DEVELOPS A FORMAL MODEL FOR COMPARING THE COST STRUCTURE OF THE TWO MAIN TRANSPORT OPTIONS FOR NATURAL GAS: liquefied natural gas (LNG) and pipelines. In particular, it evaluates how variations in the prices of natural gas and greenhouse gas emissions affect the relative cost-efficiency of these two options. Natural gas is often promoted as the most environmentally friendly of all fossil fuels, and LNG as a modern and efficient way of transporting it. Some research has been carried out into the local environmental impact of LNG facilities, but almost none into aspects related to climate change. This paper concludes that at current price levels for natural gas and CO2 emissions the distance from field to consumer and the volume of natural gas transported are the main determinants of transport costs. The pricing of natural gas and greenhouse emissions influence the relative cost-efficiency of LNG and pipeline transport, but only to a limited degree at current price levels. Because more energy is required for the LNG process (especially for fuelling the liquefaction process) than for pipelines at distances below 9100 km, LNG is more exposed to variability in the price of natural gas and greenhouse gas emissions up to this distance. If the prices of natural gas and/or greenhouse gas emission rise dramatically in the future, this will affect the choice between pipelines and LNG. Such a price increase will be favourable for pipelines relative to LNG.

  3. 75 FR 353 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ...; CP07-63-000] AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Final General Conformity Determination for Maryland for the Proposed Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and... potential air quality impacts associated with the construction and operation of a liquefied natural gas...

  4. 77 FR 58118 - Freeport LNG Development, L.P., FLNG Liquefaction, LLC, FLNG Liquefaction 2, LLC, FLNG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Freeport LNG Development, L.P., FLNG Liquefaction, LLC, FLNG Liquefaction 2, LLC, FLNG Liquefaction 3, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on August 31, 2012, Freeport LNG... natural gas liquefaction and export facilities will be constructed adjacent to the existing Freeport...

  5. 78 FR 66909 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application to Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application... Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (collectively, Sabine Pass), 700 Milam Street...,006 Bcf per year). Sabine Pass' requested increase in authorized capacity is an increase from...

  6. File list: NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 No description Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  7. File list: InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Input control Lung Tracheal epithel...ial cells SRX268454,SRX268453,SRX268455 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  8. File list: InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Input control Lung Tracheal epithel...ial cells SRX268453,SRX268454,SRX268455 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  9. File list: NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 No description Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.20.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  10. File list: InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Input control Lung Tracheal epithel...ial cells SRX268453,SRX268454,SRX268455 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  11. File list: InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 Input control Lung Tracheal epithel...ial cells SRX268454,SRX268453,SRX268455 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  12. File list: NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 No description Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.50.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  13. File list: NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells hg19 No description Lung Tracheal epithe...lial cells http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/NoD.Lng.10.AllAg.Tracheal_epithelial_cells.bed ...

  14. File list: Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Unclassified Lung Lung adenocarcinoma cell line...s http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Unc.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  15. File list: InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Input control Lung Lung adenocarcinoma cell line...s http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Lng.05.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  16. File list: Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 TFs and others Lung Lung adenocarcinoma cell line...s http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  17. File list: His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma cell line...s SRX1143596,SRX1143597,SRX1143598,SRX1143599 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.20.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  18. File list: His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines hg19 Histone Lung Lung adenocarcinoma cell line...s SRX1143596,SRX1143597,SRX1143598,SRX1143599 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.50.AllAg.Lung_adenocarcinoma_cell_lines.bed ...

  19. File list: His.Lng.50.macroH2A1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.50.macroH2A1.AllCell hg19 Histone macroH2A1 Lung SRX469060,SRX469058,SRX826...360 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.50.macroH2A1.AllCell.bed ...

  20. File list: His.Lng.20.macroH2A1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available His.Lng.20.macroH2A1.AllCell hg19 Histone macroH2A1 Lung SRX469060,SRX469058,SRX826...360 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/His.Lng.20.macroH2A1.AllCell.bed ...