Full Text Available Henryk Uziembło (27 February 1879 – 3 May 1945 was one of the creators of modern decorative art; he also made graphics. From 1922 to the outbreak of World War II he was a lecturer at the Institute of Fine Arts in Krakow. He designed polychromes, stained glass windows and mosaics, book bindings, posters and made oil paintings. He is the author of the decorations of the wall of the Wawel chapter house.
Raphi Amram, the late director of Israel's Society for Excellence Through Education, founded the Ethics in Science and Humanities Program operating in Israel and five other countries. Though the ethics program currently operates only in high schools serving high-achieving or gifted students, founders emphasize the universality of its appeal.…
Full Text Available of the individual metal-organic framework (MOF) components and the coreeshell hybrid crystals were also characterized. The hydrogen storage capacity exhibited by the resulting core eshell nanocrystals was 26% and 60% higher than those of pure phase MIL-101 and Ui...
Kovalenko, V.I.; Marinin, V.G.
Consideration is given to results of investigation of ceramic material damage under the effect of cavitation field on their surface, formed in water under the face of exponential concentrator, connected with ultrasonic generator UZY-3-0.4. Amplitude of vibrations of concentrator face (30+-2)x10 -6 m, frequency-21 kHz. It was established that ceramics resistance to cavitation effect correlated with the product of critical of stress intensity factor and material hardness
IDF is extremely careful to prevent its soldiers from being abducted. 10 Ina Friedman, “ Moral Morass,” The Jerusalem Report, September 4, 2006, p... relativism were among the factors that made the IDF war machine somewhat dysfunctional during the war.112 All of these issues, as will soon be seen...192Crooke and Perry, “How Hezbollah Defeated Israel: Part 1”; Uzi Mahnaimi, “Humbling of the Supertroops Shatters Israeli Army Morale ,” TimesOnline.co.uk
Several different species of the columnar cacti of the genera Stenocereus and Pachycereus, were introduced into different semi-arid ecozones in Israel and most of these efforts were of disappointing outcomes, the only exception being the Cereus peruvianus (L.) Miller,which bore plenty of fruits, some of them of good taste. The original seeds of this plant were obtained from the late Mr. Amram (Ron) Kodish, who collected seeds from various private gardens in Southern California which bore frui...
Smith, Thomas J.; Foster, Ann M.; Jones, John W.
Fire occurs naturally in the environment on most continents, including Africa (Ryan and Williams, 2011), Asia (Kauhanen, 2008), Australia (Kutt and Woinarski, 2007), Europe (Eshel and others, 2000), South America (Fidelis and others, 2010), and North America (Van Auken, 2000). Antarctica appears to be the only continent that has no reported natural fires, although fire is common in grasslands of Patagonia and on islands in the Subantarctic region (Gonzalez and others, 2005; McGlone and others, 2007).
Meet China’s Killer Drones,” Foreign Policy, January 14, 2016, http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/01/14/meet-chinas- killer -drones/. 122 IHS Jane’s...airborne strikes.129 Figure 4. Chinese-Exported CH-4B UAV in Iraq.130 128 Rawnsley, “Meet China’s Killer ...iran-reveals-redesigned-shahed-129-uav. 171 Source: Adapted from Tamir Eshel, “Iran’s Shahed-129 Combat Drone to Enter Serial Production,” Defense
Henning , Gregoire
Super heavy nuclei provide opportunities to study nuclear structure near three simultaneous limits: in charge Z, spin I and excitation energy E∗. These nuclei exist only because of a fission barrier, created by shell effects. It is therefore important to determine the fission barrier and its spin dependence Bf(I), which gives information on the shell energy Eshell(I). Theoretical calculations predict different fission barrier heights from Bf(I = 0) = 6.8 MeV for a macro-microscopic model to 8...
Yoshikawa, H.; Gofuku, A.
A concept of object-oriented intelligent CAD/CAE environment is proposed for the conceptual designing of advanced nuclear reactor system. It is composed of (i) object-oriented frame-structure database which represents the hierarchical relationship of the composite elements of reactor core and the physical properties, and (ii) object-oriented modularization of the elementary calculation processes, which are needed for reactor core design analysis. As an example practise, an object-oriented frame structure is constructed for representing a 3D configuration of a special fuel element of a space reactor design, by using a general-purpose expert system shell ESHELL/X. (author)
Matrasulov, D.U.; Yusupov, J.R.; Sabirov, K.K.; Sobirov, Z.A.
Full text: Particle transport in nanoscale networks and discrete structures is of fundamental and practical importance. Usually such systems are modeled by so-called quantum graphs, the systems attracting much attention in physics and mathematics during past two decades [1-5]. During last two decades quantum graphs found numerous applications in modeling different discrete structures and networks in nanoscale and mesoscopic physics (e.g., see reviews [1-3]). Despite considerable progress made in the study of particle dynamics most of the problems deal with unperturbed case and the case of time-dependent perturbation has not yet be explored. In this work we treat particle dynamics for quantum star graph with time-dependent bonds. In particular, we consider harmonically breathing quantum star graphs, the cases of monotonically contracting and expanding graphs. The latter can be solved exactly analytically. Edge boundaries are considered to be time-dependent, while branching point is assumed to be fixed. Quantum dynamics of a particle in such graphs is studied by solving Schrodinger equation with time-dependent boundary conditions given on a star graph. Time-dependence of the average kinetic energy is analyzed. Space-time evolution of the Gaussian wave packet is treated for harmonically breathing star graph. It is found that for certain frequencies energy is a periodic function of time, while for others it can be non-monotonically growing function of time. Such a feature can be caused by possible synchronization of the particles motion and the motions of the moving edges of graph bonds. (authors) References:  Tsampikos Kottos and Uzy Smilansky, Ann. Phys., 76, 274 (1999).  Sven Gnutzmann and Uzy Smilansky, Adv. Phys. 55, 527 (2006).  S. GnutzmannJ.P. Keating, F. Piotet, Ann. Phys., 325, 2595 (2010).  P.Exner, P.Seba, P.Stovicek, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 21, 4009 (1988).  J. Boman, P. Kurasov, Adv. Appl. Math., 35, 58 (2005)
Amram, P.; Balkowski, C.; Cayatte, V.; Marcelin, M.; Sullivan, W. T., III
Over the past decade many effects of the cluster environment on member galaxies have been established. These effects are manifest in the amount and distribution of gas in cluster spirals, the luminosity and light distributions within galaxies, and the segregation of morphological types. All these effects could indicate a specific dynamical evolution for galaxies in clusters. Nevertheless, a more direct evidence, such as a different mass distribution for spiral galaxies in clusters and in the field, is not yet clearly established. Indeed, Rubin, Whitmore, and Ford (1988) and Whitmore, Forbes, and Rubin (1988) (referred to as RWF) presented evidence that inner cluster spirals have falling rotation curves, unlike those of outer cluster spirals or the great majority of field spirals. If falling rotation curves exist in centers of clusters, as argued by RWF, it would suggest that dark matter halos were absent from cluster spirals, either because the halos had become stripped by interactions with other galaxies or with an intracluster medium, or because the halos had never formed in the first place. Even if they didn't disagree with RWF, other researchers pointed out that the behaviour of the slope of the rotation curves of spiral galaxies (in Virgo) is not so clear. Amram, using a different sample of spiral galaxies in clusters, found only 10% of declining rotation curves (2 declining vs 17 flat or rising) in opposition to RWF who find about 40% of declining rotation curves in their sample (6 declining vs 10 flat or rising), we will hereafter briefly discuss the Amram data paper and compare it to the results of RWF. We have measured the rotation curves for a sample of 21 spiral galaxies in 5 nearby clusters. These rotation curves have been constructed from detailed two-dimensional maps of each galaxy's velocity field as traced by emission from the Ha line. This complete mapping, combined with the sensitivity of our CFHT 3.60 m. + Perot-Fabry + CCD observations, allows
Full Text Available Several different species of the columnar cacti of the genera Stenocereus and Pachycereus, were introduced into different semi-arid ecozones in Israel and most of these efforts were of disappointing outcomes, the only exception being the Cereus peruvianus (L. Miller,which bore plenty of fruits, some of them of good taste. The original seeds of this plant were obtained from the late Mr. Amram (Ron Kodish, who collected seeds from various private gardens in Southern California which bore fruits of reasonable qualities. The initial success of this species led us to initiate an intensive research study, and today it is already fruit-crop, marketed mainly in Israel under the name " Koubo" . This paper will describe our work of domestication of this new cactus fruit crop in Israel.
Bettoni, D.; Buson, L. M.
The kinematics of galaxies belonging to the Hickson compact group HCG67 are investigated. The latter consists of four galaxies, three of which (a, c, d) are embedded in a common envelope. The fourth galaxy (b) is a spiral that is detected both in radio and in IR wave-bands. Our observations show that the three galaxies in apparent interaction are probably caught during an ongoing merger process. Z Balcells, M., Morganti, R., Oosterloo, T., Peréz-Fournon, I. González Serrano, J. I. 1995, aap, 302, 665. Bertola, F., Bettoni, D., Rusconi, L., Sedmak, G. 1984, aj, 89, 356 Barnes, J. 1985, mnras, 215, 517 Hickson, P. 1982, apj, 255, 382 Hickson, P. 1993, Astrophys. Lett. Commun., 29, 1 Hickson, P., Menon, T. K., Palumbo, G. G. C., Persic, M. 1989, apj, 341,679 Leon, S., Combes, F., Menon, T. K. 1998, aap, 330, 37 Mamon, G. A. 1992, in "Physics of Nearby Galaxies: Nature or Nurture?", ed. T. X6. Thuan, C. Balkowski & Thran Thanh Van (12th Moriond Astrophysics Meeting)(Editions Frontiéres), p.367. Mendes de Oliveira, C., Hickson, P. 1991, apj, 380, 30 Mendes de Oliveira, C., Plana, H, Amram, P., Bolte, M., Boulesteix, J. 1998, apj, 507, 691 Menon, T. K. 1995, mnras, 274, 845 Rabaça, C. R., Sulentic, J. W. 1991, baas, 23, 1338 Zepf, S. E., Whitmore, B. C., Levison, H. F. 1991, apj, 383, 524
Problems raised by pulse analysers - functional multi-dimensional analysers; Problemes poses par les analyseurs en impulsions - Analyseurs multidimensionnels fonctionnels; Problemy, voznikayushchie v svyazi s ispol'zovaniem analizatorov impul'sov - funktsional'nye mnogorazmernye analizatory; Problemas planteados por los analizadores de impulsos - Analizadores multidimensionales funcionales
Pages, A [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)
Experimenters are making increasingly frequent use of analysis units by which a function of several parameters can be obtained (the number of parameters and the relative precision of each of them being variable from experiment to experiment). Present-day analysers are poorly suited to the steadily growing complexity of experiments. There are several reasons for this: the number of possible parameters is far too small (unblocking only on 100-channel and 256-channel analysers) as is also their capacity; this limitation considerably increases the accelerator time; sometimes the poor ''yield'' of these analysers makes the experiment impossible; moreover, being designed in a single ''block'', they are lacking in flexibility for use. During 1958-59 a multi-dimensional apparatus limited to 2 paths of 63 channels was studied and built. The various essential functions are separated: analysis, transfer (multi-dimensional operation), utilization of results. At the SEG, Messrs. Amram, Guillon and Thenard are designing and building a multidimensional analyser, 1023 channels by 63 channels (for the neutron velocity measurement group of the SPNBE). In order to deal with the above-mentioned limitations, the electronics laboratory of the SPNBE is also developing a functional multi-dimensional analyser, in which the transfer function itself has been broken down into units (interrupter, non-integrator memory, conditioner and computer). Like the limits defining the paths, the types of units selected vary in accordance with the requirements and complexity of the experiment (standard interfunctional language). (author) [French] Les experimentateurs utilisent de plus en plus frequemment des ensembles d'analyse permettant d'obtenir une fonction de plusieurs parametres (le nombre de parametres pouvant varier d'une experience a l'autre ainsi que la precision relative de chacun de ceux-ci). Les analyseurs actuels se pretent mal a la complexite toujours croissante des experiences et ceci pour
Amir M. Ben-Amram
Full Text Available In 2008, Ben-Amram, Jones and Kristiansen showed that for a simple "core" programming language - an imperative language with bounded loops, and arithmetics limited to addition and multiplication - it was possible to decide precisely whether a program had certain growth-rate properties, namely polynomial (or linear bounds on computed values, or on the running time. This work emphasized the role of the core language in mitigating the notorious undecidability of program properties, so that one deals with decidable problems. A natural and intriguing problem was whether more elements can be added to the core language, improving its utility, while keeping the growth-rate properties decidable. In particular, the method presented could not handle a command that resets a variable to zero. This paper shows how to handle resets. The analysis is given in a logical style (proof rules, and its complexity is shown to be PSPACE-complete (in contrast, without resets, the problem was PTIME. The analysis algorithm evolved from the previous solution in an interesting way: focus was shifted from proving a bound to disproving it, and the algorithm works top-down rather than bottom-up.
Fujisaki, Masahide; Makino, Mitsuhiro; Ishiguro, Misako
Ces-VP is a prototype rule-based expert system for consulting the vector programming, based on the knowledge of vectorization of nuclear codes at JAERI during these 10 years. Experts in vectorization can restructure nuclear codes with high performance on vector processors, since they have know-how for choosing the best technique among a lot of techniques that were acquired from the experience of vectorization in the past. Frequency in trial and error will be reduced if a beginner can easily use the know-how of experts. In this report, at first the contents of Ces-VP and its intention are shown. Then, the method for acquiring the know-how of vectorization and the method for making rules from the know-how are described. The outline of Ces-VP implemented on Fujitsu expert tool ESHELL is described. Finally, the availability of Ces-VP is evaluated from the data gathered from practical use and its present problems are discussed. (author)
Rodríguez Díaz, L. F.; Oostra, B.
The Astronomical Observatory of the Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia, did a spectral monitoring during 2014 and 2015 to AB Aurigae, the brightest Herbig Ae/be star in the northern hemisphere. The aim of this project is applying spectral techniques, in order to identify specific features that could help us not only to understand how this star is forming, but also to establish a pattern to explain general star formation processes. We have recorded 19 legible spectra with a resolving power of R = 11,0000, using a 40 cm Meade telescope with an eShel spectrograph, coupled by a 50-micron optical fiber. We looked for the prominent absorption lines, the Sodium doublet at 5890Å and 5896Å, respectively and Magnesium II at 4481Å; to measure radial velocities of the star, but, we did not find a constant value. Instead, it ranges from 15 km/s to 32 km/s. This variability could be explained by means of an oscillation or pulsation of the external layers of the star. Other variabilities are observed in some emission lines: Hα, Hβ, He I at 5876Å and Fe II at 5018Å. It seems this phenomenon could be typical in stars that are forming and have a circumstellar disk around themselves. This variability is associated with the nonhomogeneous surface of the star and the interaction that it has with its disk. Results of this interaction could be seen also in the stellar wind ejected by the star. More data are required in order to look for a possible period in the changes of radial velocity of the star, the same for the variability of He I and Fe II, and phenomena present in Hα. We plan to take new data in January of 2017.
Alpert, Pinhas; Guez, Oded; Messer, Hagit; David, Noam; Harel, Oz; Eshel, Adam; Cohen, Ori
Recent advances in environmental monitoring using commercial microwave links Pinhas Alpert, H. Messer, N. David, O. Guez, O. Cohen, O. Harel, A. Eshel Tel Aviv University, Israel The propagation of electromagnetic radiation in the lower atmosphere, at centimeter wavelengths, is impaired by atmospheric conditions. Absorption and scattering of the radiation, at frequencies of tens of GHz, are directly related to the atmospheric phenomena, primarily precipitation, oxygen, mist, fog and water vapor. As was recently shown, wireless communication networks supply high resolution precipitation measurements at ground level while often being situated in flood prone areas, covering large parts of these hazardous regions. On the other hand, at present, there are no satisfactory real time flash flood warning facilities found to cope well with this phenomenon. I will exemplify the flash flood warning potential of the commercial wireless communication system for semi-arid region cases when floods occurred in the Judean desert in Israel with comparison to hydrological measurements in the Dead Sea area. In addition, I will review our recent improvements in monitoring rainfall as well as other-than-rain phenomena like, fog, dew, atmospheric moisture. References: N. David, P. Alpert, and H. Messer, "Technical Note: Novel method for water vapor monitoring using wireless communication networks measurements", Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2413-2418, 2009. A. Rayitsfeld, R. Samuels, A. Zinevich, U. Hadar and P. Alpert,"Comparison of two methodologies for long term rainfall monitoring using a commercial microwave communication system", Atmospheric Research 104-105, 119-127, 2012. N. David, O. Sendik, H. Messer and P. Alpert, "Cellular network infrastructure-the future of fog monitoring?" BAMS (Oct. issue), 1687-1698, 2015. O. Harel, David, N., Alpert, P. and Messer, H., "The potential of microwave communication networks to detect dew using the GLRT- experimental study", IEEE Journal of Selected
Fiedukowicz, Anna; Gasiorowski, Jedrzej; Kowalski, Paweł; Olszewski, Robert; Pillich-Kolipinska, Agata
The wide access to source data, published by numerous websites, results in situation, when information acquisition is not a problem any more. The real problem is how to transform information in the useful knowledge. Cartographic method of research, dealing with spatial data, has been serving this purpose for many years. Nowadays, it allows conducting analyses at the high complexity level, thanks to the intense development in IT technologies, The vast majority of analytic methods utilizing the so-called data mining and data enrichment techniques, however, concerns non-spatial data. According to the Authors, utilizing those techniques in spatial data analysis (including analysis based on statistical data with spatial reference), would allow the evolution of the Spatial Information Infrastructure (SII) into the Spatial Knowledge Infrastructure (SKI). The SKI development would benefit from the existence of statistical geoportal. Its proposed functionality, consisting of data analysis as well as visualization, is outlined in the article. The examples of geostatistical analyses (ANOVA and the regression model considering the spatial neighborhood), possible to implement in such portal and allowing to produce the “cartographic added value”, are also presented here. Szeroki dostep do danych zródłowych publikowanych w licznych serwisach internetowych sprawia, iz współczesnie problemem jest nie pozyskanie informacji, lecz umiejetne przekształcenie jej w uzyteczna wiedze. Kartograficzna metoda badan, która od wielu lat słuzy temu celowi w odniesieniu do danych przestrzennych, zyskuje dzis nowe oblicze - pozwala na wykonywanie złozonych analiz dzieki wykorzystaniu intensywnego rozwoju technologii informatycznych. Znaczaca wiekszosc zastosowan metod analitycznych tzw. eksploracyjnej analizy danych (data mining) i ich "wzbogacania” (data enrichment) dotyczy jednakze danych nieprzestrzennych. Wykorzystanie tych metod do analizy danych o charakterze przestrzennym, w
Maloteau, Sophie; Blanchy, Guillaume; Javaux, Mathieu; Garré, Sarah
. Reference Lobet G, Hachez C, Chaumont F, Javaux M, Draye X. Root water uptake and water flow in the soil-root domain. In: Eshel A and Beeckman T, editors. Plant Roots. The Hidden Half. Boca Raton (US):CRC Press,2013. p. 24-1 - 24-13.
Cappelli, Chiara; Yokoyama, Shingo; Cama, Jordi; Huertas, F. Javier
The dissolution kinetics of K-montmorillonite was studied at 25 °C, acidic pH (2-4) and 0.01 M ionic strength by means of well-mixed flow-through experiments. The variations of Si, Al and Mg over time resulted in high releases of Si and Mg and Al deficit, which yielded long periods of incongruent dissolution before reaching stoichiometric steady state. This behavior was caused by simultaneous dissolution of nanoparticles and cation exchange between the interlayer K and released Ca, Mg and Al and H. Since Si was only involved in the dissolution reaction, it was used to calculate steady-state dissolution rates, RSi, over a wide solution saturation state (ΔGr ranged from -5 to -40 kcal mol-1). The effects of pH and the degree of undersaturation (ΔGr) on the K-montmorillonite dissolution rate were determined using RSi. Employing dissolution rates farthest from equilibrium, the catalytic pH effect on the K-montmorillonite dissolution rate was expressed as Rdiss = k·aH0.56±0.05 whereas using all dissolution rates, the ΔGr effect was expressed as a non-linear f(ΔGr) function Rdiss = k · [1 - exp(-3.8 × 10-4 · (|ΔGr|/RT)2.13)] The functionality of this expression is similar to the equations reported for dissolution of Na-montmorillonite at pH 3 and 50 °C (Metz, 2001) and Na-K-Ca-montmorillonite at pH 9 and 80 °C (Cama et al., 2000; Marty et al., 2011), which lends support to the use of a single f(ΔGr) term to calculate the rate over the pH range 0-14. Thus, we propose a rate law that also accounts for the effect of pOH and temperature by using the pOH-rate dependence and the apparent activation energy proposed by Rozalén et al. (2008) and Amram and Ganor (2005), respectively, and normalizing the dissolution rate constant with the edge surface area of the K-montmorillonite. 1D reactive transport simulations of the experimental data were performed using the Crunchflow code (Steefel et al., 2015) to quantitatively interpret the evolution of the released cations
Brook, Anna; Hamzi, Seham; Wittenberg, Lea
S., Morag H., 2013. The effect of wildfires on vegetation cover and dune activity in Australia's desert dunes: a multisensor analysis International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 21 (4), pp. 459-475. Lugassi R., Ben-Dor E., Eshel G., 2013. Reflectance spectroscopy of soils post-heating'Assessing thermal alterations in soil minerals. Geoderma, vol. 231, pp. 268-279. Pereira P., Úbeda X., Martin D., Mataix-Solera J., Guerrero C. 2011. Effects of a low prescribed fire in ash water soluble elements in a Cork Oak (Quercus suber) forest located in Northeast of Iberian Peninsula, Environmental Research, vol. 111(2), pp. 237-247. Shakesby R.A., 2011. Post-wildfire soil erosion in the Mediterranean: Review and future research directions Earth Science Reviews, vol. 105, pp. 71-100. Woods, S.W., Balfour, V.N. 2010. The effects of soil texture and ash thickness on the post-fire hydrological response from ash-covered soils, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 393, pp. 274-286.
Eppelbaum, L. V.
., and Eshel, H., 2003. GPR investigations at Qumran, Israel: site of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovery. Proceed. of SPIE Conf., 4758, Santa-Barbara, USA, 125-129. Jol, H.M., Freund, R.A., Darawsha, M., Bauman, P.D., Nahas, S., Reeder, P., Savage, K., and Syon, D., 2008. Nazareth excavations project: A GPR perspective. Proceed. of the Symp. on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, Philadelphia, USA, 1407-1413. Kamai, R. and Hatzor, Y.H., 2007. Numerical analysis of block stone displacements in ancient masonry structures: A new method to estimate historic ground motions. Intern. Jour. for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 32, 1321-1340. Karcz, I. and Kafri, U., 1978. Evaluation of supposed archaeoseismic damage in Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science, 5, No. 3, 237-253. Karcz, I., Kafri, U., and Meshel, Z., 1977. Archaeological evidence for subrecent seismic activity along the Dead Sea-Jordan Rift. Nature, 269, 234-235. Khesin, B.E., Alexeyev, V.V., and Eppelbaum, L.V., 1996. Interpretation of Geophysical Fields in Complicated Environments. Kluwer Academic Publishers (Springer), Ser.: Modern Approaches in Geophysics, Boston - Dordrecht - London. Korjenkov, A.M. and Mazor, E., 1999. Seismogenic origin of the ancient Avdat ruins, Negev Desert, Israel. Natural Hazards, 18, 193-226. Laukhin, S.S., Ronen, A., Pospelova, G.A., Sharonova, Z.V., Ranov, V.A., Burdukiewicz, J.M., Volgina V.A., and Tsatskin, A., 2001. New data on the geology and geochronology of the Lower Palaeolithic site Bizat Ruhama in the Southern Levant. Paleorient, 27 (1), 69-80. McDermott, F., Grün, R., Stringer C.B., and Hawkesworth, C.J., 1993. Mass-spectrometric U-series dates for Israeli Neanderthal/early modern human sites. Nature, 363, 252-255. Marco, S., 2008. Recognition of earthquake-related damage in archaeological sites: Examples from the Dead Sea fault zone. Tectonophysics, 453, No. 1-4, 122-147. Marco, S., Hartal, M., Hazan, N., Lev, L., and