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Sample records for aminobenzene

  1. A QSAR of the toxicity of amino-benzenes and their structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许禄; 吴亚平; 胡昌玉; 李华

    2000-01-01

    The quantum chemical parameters and the topological indices have been calculated for the prediction of the toxicity of amino-benzenes in the environment, and work has been done on the multiple regression and neural networks. The combination of CoMFA with formation heat yields greatly improved results. A good model has been obtained which provides a basis for the studies of the toxic action mechanism.

  2. A novel voltammetric sensor for citalopram based on multiwall carbon nanotube/(poly(p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid)/β-cyclodextrin)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gholivand, Mohammad-Bagher, E-mail: mbgholivand2013@gmail.com; Akbari, Arezoo

    2016-05-01

    Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTS) coated with poly p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid/β-cyclodextrin (p-ABSA/β-CD) film was used as an effective strategy for modification of the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Electrochemical study and determination of citalopram (CT) were investigated at the p (p-ABSA)/β-CD/MWCNT/GC using cyclic and differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric techniques. The results indicate that the p (p-ABSA)/β-CD/MWCNT/GC significantly enhanced the oxidation peak current of CT. The modified electrode was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV).The fabricated electrochemical sensor exhibits a fast and reversible linear response toward CT within the concentration ranges of 90 nM–1 μM, 1–11 μM and 11–100 μM with correlation coefficients greater than 0.99 and detection limit of 44 nM. The resulting functionalized polymer film features interesting electrochemical properties such good recovery, reproducibility and selectivity toward CT. The applicability of the proposed sensor was tested by determination of CT in pharmaceutical combinations and human body fluids. - Highlights: • A novel voltammetric sensor for CT based on p (p-ABSA)/β-CD/MWCNT/GC • Electrochemical study of CT was investigated using CV and DPASV techniques. • This sensor is made easy with good sensitivity and reproducibility. • The method was developed in real sample in the presence of matrix effect.

  3. A capacitive sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymers and poly(p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) film for detection of pazufloxacin mesilate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A novel capacitive sensor for pazufloxacin mesilate (pazufloxacin) determination was developed by electropolymerizing p-aminobenzene sulfonic (p-ABSA) and molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), which was synthesized through thermal radical copolymerization of metharylic acid (MAA) and ethyl-ene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) in the presence of pazufloxacin template molecules, on the gold electrode surface. Furthermore, 1-dedecanethiol was used to insulate the modified electrode. Alter-nating current (ac) impedance experiments were carried out with a Model IM6e to obtain the capaci-tance responses. Under the optimum conditions, the sensor showed linear capacitance response to pazufloxacin in the range of 5 ng·mL-1 to 5 μg·mL-1 with a relative standard deviation (RSD) 5.3% (n=7) and a detection limit of 1.8 ng·mL-1. The recoveries for different concentration levels of pazufloxacin samples varied from 94.0% to 102.0%. Electrochemical experiments indicated the capacitive sensor exhibited good sensitivity and selectivity and showed excellent parameters of regeneration and stabil-ity.

  4. A capacitive sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymers and poly(p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) film for detection of pazufloxacin mesilate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Lu; YE GuangRong; YUAN Ruo; CHAI YaQin; CHEN SuMing

    2007-01-01

    A novel capacitive sensor for pazufloxacin mesilate (pazufloxacin) determination was developed by electropolymerizing p-aminobenzene sulfonic (p-ABSA) and molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), which was synthesized through thermal radical copolymerization of metharylic acid (MAA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) in the presence of pazufloxacin template molecules, on the gold electrode surface. Furthermore, 1-dedecanethiol was used to insulate the modified electrode. Alternating current (ac) impedance experiments were carried out with a Model IM6e to obtain the capacitance responses. Under the optimum conditions, the sensor showed linear capacitance response to pazufloxacin in the range of 5ng·Ml-1 to 5μg·mL-1 with a relative standard deviation (RSD) 5.3% (n=7) and a detection limit of 1.8 ng·mL-1. The recoveries for different concentration levels of pazufloxacin samples varied from 94.0% to 102.0%. Electrochemical experiments indicated the capacitive sensor exhibited good sensitivity and selectivity and showed excellent parameters of regeneration and stability.

  5. Effect of the intercalated cation-exchanged on the properties of nanocomposites prepared by 2-aminobenzene sulfonic acid with aniline and montmorillonite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toumi, I. [Laboratoire de Chimie Organique, Macromoleculaire et des Materiaux, Universite de Mascara, Bp 763 Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Benyoucef, A., E-mail: ghani29000@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Chimie Organique, Macromoleculaire et des Materiaux, Universite de Mascara, Bp 763 Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Yahiaoui, A. [Laboratoire de Chimie Organique, Macromoleculaire et des Materiaux, Universite de Mascara, Bp 763 Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Quijada, C. [Departamento de Ingenieria Textil y Papelera, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Pza Ferrandiz i Carbonel, E-03801 Alcoy, Alicante (Spain); Morallon, E. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica e Instituto Universitario de Materiales, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain)

    2013-02-25

    Polymer/montmorillonite nanocomposites were prepared. Intercalation of 2-aminobenzene sulfonic acid with aniline monomers into montmorillonite modified by cation was followed by subsequent oxidative polymerization of monomers in the interlayer spacing. The clay was prepared by cation exchange process between sodium cation in (M-Na) and copper cation (M-Cu). XRD analyses show the manifestation of a basal spacing (d-spacing) for M-Cu changes depending on the inorganic cation and the polymer intercalated in the M-Cu structure. TGA analyses reveal that polymer/M-Cu composites is less stable than M-Cu. The conductivity of the composites is found to be 10{sup 3} times higher than that for M-Cu. The microscopic examinations including TEM picture of the nanocomposite demonstrated an entirely different and more compatible morphology. Remarkable differences in the properties of the polymers have also been observed by UV-Vis and FTIR, suggesting that the polymer produced with presence of aniline has a higher degree of branching. The electrochemical behavior of the polymers extracted from the nanocomposites has been studied by cyclic voltammetry which indicates the electroactive effect of nanocomposite gradually increased with aniline in the polymer chain.

  6. 对氨基苯磺酸催化合成水杨酸正丁酯%Synthesis of butyl salicylate catalyzed by p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵卫星; 姜红波

    2013-01-01

    以正丁醇与水杨酸为原料,采用对氨基苯磺酸为催化剂,通过酯化反应合成了水杨酸正丁酯.考察了酸醇物质的量比、催化剂用量、反应时间对水杨酸正丁酯化收率的影响.结果表明,在回流条件下,当水杨酸的加入量0.20 mol,正丁醇的加入量0.32 mol,即酸与醇物质的量比为1∶1.6,催化剂对氨基苯磺酸用量为0.70 g(相当于5%的酸),反应4.0h时,水杨酸正丁酯收率可达到72.90%.%Synthesis of butyl salicylate from 2-hydroxybenzoic acid and n-butanol catalyzed by p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid was studied.The effects of the molar ratio of 2-hydroxybenzoic acid to n-butanol,the amount of catalyst and the reaction time on the yield was discussed.The results show that when the molar ratio of 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (0.20 mol) to n-butanol (0.32 mol) was 1 ∶ 1.6;the amount of catalyst was 0.70 g (5%,with respect to 2-hydroxybenzoic acid) and the reaction time was 4.0 h under reflux,the yield of butyl salicylate reached 72.90%.

  7. Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determination of Trace Metal Ions in Environmental and Biological Samples After Preconcentration on a Newly Developed Amberlite XAD-16 Chelating Resin Containing p-Aminobenzene Sulfonic Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Aminul; Ahmad, Akil; Laskar, Mohammad Asaduddin

    2015-01-01

    Amberlite® XAD-16 was functionalized with p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid via an azo spacer in order to prepare a new chelating resin, which was then characterized by water regain value, hydrogen ion capacity, elemental analyses, and IR spectral and thermal studies. The maximum uptake of Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Fe(III), and Pb(II) ions was observed in the pH range 4.0-6.0 with the corresponding half-loading times of 6.5, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 11.0, 8.5, and 16.5 min. The sorption data followed Langmuir isotherms and a pseudo-second-order model. Thermodynamic quantities, ΔH and ΔS, based on the variation of the distribution coefficient with temperature were also evaluated. High preconcentration factors of 60-100 up to a low preconcentration limit of 4.0-6.6 μg/L have been achieved for the metal ions. The validity of the method was checked by analyzing standard reference materials and recoveries of trace metals after spiking. The analytical applications of the method were explored by analyzing natural water, mango pulp, mint leaves, and fish.

  8. Is benzoquinone the prohapten in cross-sensitivity among aminobenzene compounds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisi, P; Hansel, K

    1998-12-01

    Cross-sensitivity in allergic contact dermatitis is a simultaneous allergy to 2 or more contact substances which have in common an antigenic determinant or a metabolic derivative. One of the most notable examples is the cross-sensitivity among aromatic compounds which may be oxidized in vivo to benzoquinone (BQ). However, it has also been hypothesized that the allergenicity and cross-sensitization are modulated by the chemical reactivity of the substituents in the para position. A serial dilution of BQ (from 1% to 0.1% in pet.) and three 1,4-substituted benzene derivatives (p-aminophenol, hydroquinone, metol), theoretically capable of conversion to BQ by oxidation, were patch tested in 22 p-phenylenediamine (PPD) positive patients and in 20 controls. The patients and a further 116 subjects with a positive history of sensitivity to 1 or more aminoaromatic compounds were also tested with some haptens of the para group (PPD, p-aminobenzoic acid, p-aminodiphenylamine, benzocaine, procaine chloride, p-toluenediamine sulfate). The results show that (i) the optimal patch test concentration for BQ was 0.2%, (ii) only 4 of the 22 patients allergic to PPD gave a clearly positive allergic reaction to BQ, and (iii) the number of positive reactions to the aromatic compounds was correlated with the presence of activating (-NH2, -OH, -CH3) and deactivating (-COOH) groups in the para position or, perhaps, with their effect on percutaneous penetration. The data suggest that BQ is not the only intermediate in the cross-sensitization of para group haptens. This is probably conditioned by other oxidation products and/or the chemical structure of the substituents in position 4 of the benzene ring.

  9. THE CASE FOR THE CONTRIBUTION OF CRISTAIS RIVER NITRO-AMINOBENZENE DYES TO THE MUTAGENICITY OF AMBIENT SAMPLES

    Science.gov (United States)

    In order to verify if dyestuffs within an effluent of a textile industry was contributing to the systematic mutagenicity detected in the Cristais River, within the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, mutagenic samples of the industrial effluent, crude water, and treated silt of the...

  10. 对氨基苯磺酸掺杂聚苯胺的合成表征及性质研究%Synthesis and characterization polyaniline doped with p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭丽华; 刘凤芝

    2009-01-01

    采用过硫酸铵为氧化剂,对氨基苯磺酸为掺杂剂合成聚苯胺,解析了不同氧化剂用量下样品的红外光谱和紫外光谱.结果表明,样品具有一定的热稳定性,在DMSO、THF和DMF溶剂中有一定的溶解度.

  11. 聚对氨基苯磺酸修饰电极对桑枝中桑色素的灵敏测定%Sensitive Determination of Morin in Ramulus Mori on the Poly(p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚淑艳; 王宗花; 张菲菲; 夏建飞; 夏延致; 李延辉

    2012-01-01

    A novel PABSA modified glassy carbon electrode(PABSA/GCE) was fabricated by elec-tropolymerizing PABSA on the surface of GC electrode. Morin can effectively accumulate on the electrode for the π - π stacking reaction between the aromatic rings of morin and the dimers of PABSA and cause an increased anodic peak signal. Based on this, a method was developed for the determination of morin. The electrochemical behaviors of morin on the modified electrode were investigated using cyclic voltammetry(CV) and differential pulse voltammetry(DPV) . The results showed that, in pH 7. 0 PBS, morin generated a sensitive anodic peak at 0. 214 V. Under the optimized conditions, DPV was used for detecting morin. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 5. 0 x 10 -7 -1.0 ×10-3 mol/L, with a detection limit of 1.0 x 10-7 mol/L. The modified electrode, with the advantages of good stability, repeatability and wide linear range, was successfully applied in the determination of morin content in ramulus mori.%采用电聚合的方法制备了聚对氨基苯磺酸(PABSA)修饰电极,以循环伏安法和差分脉冲伏安法研究了桑色素在该修饰电极上的电化学行为.PABSA和黄酮类药物桑色素的π-π共轭作用使得桑色素在该修饰电极上产生的氧化峰更加灵敏.实验发现,在pH7.0的磷酸盐缓冲介质中,桑色素在0.214 V处产生灵敏的氧化峰.在优化实验条件下,采用差分脉冲伏安法对桑色素进行定量测定,桑色素的氧化峰电流与其浓度呈良好的线性关系,线性范围为5.0×10-7~1.0×10-3 mol/L,检出限为1.0×10-7 mol/L.将该修饰电极用于桑枝生物样品中桑色素含量的测定,结果满意.该方法具有灵敏度高、重现性好的特点,且该修饰电极稳定性高,可重复使用.

  12. Synthesis and Characterization of Water-soluble Polyaniline by HRP-catalyzed Polymerization between p-Phenylenediamine and p-Aminobenzene sulfonic acid%辣根过氧化物酶催化水溶性聚对苯二胺-对氨基苯磺酸的合成及表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾家豫; 周思彤; 廖世奇; 张东霞; 袁红霞; 梁琼

    2010-01-01

    以辣根过氧化物酶(HRP)为催化剂,H_2O_2:为氧化剂,催化对苯二胺与对氨基苯磺酸共聚,合成了聚对苯二胺-对氨基苯磺酸(PAn-Ⅰ).利用紫外光谱、红外光谱、XPS、GPC、循环伏安、热重分析等方法对合成的PAn-Ⅰ进行了结构表征与分析,测定了其电导率、电活性和热稳定性等.结果显示,合成的PAn-Ⅰ不仅具有一定的电活性和热稳定性,且在水溶液中具有良好的溶解性.合成过程中采用去离子水作为反应介质,避免了使用有机溶剂,反应条件温和,酶的用量也较少.

  13. 盐酸吡哆辛在聚对氨基苯磺酸修饰电极上的电化学行为与测定%Electrochemical Behavior and Determination of Pyridoxine Hydrochloride at Poly p-Aminobenzene Sulfonic Acid Modified Electrode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何凤云; 潘兆瑞; 周宏; 刘欢; 俞静; 顾小燕; 唐鹏鹏

    2015-01-01

    通过电聚合法制备了聚对氨基苯磺酸(PABSA)修饰玻碳电极(GCE),采用循环伏安法(CV)和差分脉冲伏安法(DPV)研究了盐酸吡哆辛(VB6)在该修饰电极上的电化学行为.结果表明,VB6在该修饰电极上的氧化电流显著增加,为裸电极上的7.5倍.在pH值3.0~6.5的醋酸缓冲溶液中,VB6在PABSA/GCE上的电极反应为吸附控制的一电子两质子的不可逆氧化反应.在优化条件下,使用DPV对VB6进行了定量检测,线性范围为0.04 ~ 100μmol/L,检出限为0.01 μnol/L,是目前所报道的电化学方法测定VB6的最低检出限,相对平均偏差为3.1%(n=8).采用本方法对维生素B6片中的VB6进行检测,回收率为106% ~ 108%.

  14. SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL DOPANT (C3-ABSA) FOR SYNTHESIZING TUBULAR POLYANILINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-jin Qiu; Mei-xiang Wan

    2001-01-01

    4-(3-(4-((4-Nitrophenyl)azo)phenyloxy)propyl)aminobenzene sulfonic acid (C3-ABSA) was synthesized by the reaction of 3-bromide-l-(4-((4-nitrophenyl)azo)phenyloxy)propane (B3) with sodiump-aminobenzene sulfonic acid (ABSA)and acidification with hydrochloric acid. The C3-ABSA was characterized by FTIR, 1H-NMR and second ion mass spectrum (SIMS). The molecular formula of dehydrated C3-ABSA was estimated to be ca. C21H20O6N4S by SIMS. Its decomposition temperature was measured by TGA to be ca. 232°C. It was found that tubular polyaniline (PANI) with a conductivity of 1.1 S/cm at room temperature was successfully synthesized by in-situ doping polymerization in the presence of C3-ABSA as a dopant.

  15. Improved Method for the Synthesis of New 1,5-Benzothiazepine Derivatives as Analogues of Anticancer Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Prakash

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available (±cis-2-(4-Methoxyphenyl-3-hydroxy/methoxy-2,3-dihydro-1,5-benzothiazepin-4[5H/5-chloroacetyl/5-(4'-methylpiperazino-1'acetyl]-ones have been synthesized by the condensation of 2-aminobenzene thiols with methyl(±trans-3-(4-methoxyphenylglycidate in xylene. The synthesized compounds have been characterized by elemental analyses and spectral data and screened for their antimicrobial activity.

  16. Preparation and Dyeing Performance of a Novel Crosslinking Polymeric Dye Containing Flavone Moiety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Lijun; TANG Bingtao; ZHANG Shufen

    2011-01-01

    A yellow crosslinking polymeric dye was prepared by grafting the flavone moiety containing azo chromophore onto polyvinylamine backbone.The λ max of this polymeric dye in water is 382 nm.The polymeric dye is fixed to silk and cotton with a crosslinking agent,2-chloro-4,6-di(aminobenzene-4'-β-sulphatoethylsulphone)-1,3,5-s-triazine,which acts as a bridge between the fiber and dye molecules.The fixation of this polymeric dye reaches 99% and the dyed samples exhibit excellent rubbing and washing fastness.

  17. Syntheses of 1,5-Benzothiazepines. Part 20. Syntheses of 8-Substituted-2,5-dihydro-2-(4-N-dimethylaminophenyl-4-(4-methoxyphenyl-1,5-benzothiazepines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umesh C. Pant

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available 8-Substituted-2,5-dihydro-2-(4-N-dimethylaminophenyl-4-(4-methoxyphenyl-1,5-benzothiazepines (5a-e have been synthesized by reacting 5-substituted-2-aminobenzene-thiols (1a-e with 4-Ndimethylaminobenzal-4-methoxy acetophenone (2 in dry ethanol saturated with hydrogen chloride gas. The products were tested for purity by tlc and characterized by elemental analysis for carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen and IR, 1H NMR and mass spectral studies.

  18. Solar active fire clay based hetero-Fenton catalyst over a wide pH range for degradation of Acid Violet 7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Inbasekaran Muthuvel; Balu Krishnakumar; Meenakshisundaram Swaminathan

    2012-01-01

    Fe(Ⅲ)immobilized fire clay(Fe-FC)was prepared using ferric nitrate by solid state dispersion method and this hetero-Fenton catalyst was applied for the degradation of Acid Violet 7(AV 7)under natural sunlight.The 26% ferric nitrate loaded fire clay was found to be most efficient.The experimental conditions such as solution pH,H2O2 concentration for efficient degradation of AV 7 have been determined.Unlike Fenton catalyst,Fe-FC is photoactive over a wide pH range of 3-7.This catalyst was found to be stable and reusable.The G-C-MS analysis of experimental solutions during irradiation revealed the formation of 2,8-diaminonaphthalene-1,3,6-triol,8-aminonaphthalene-1,2,3,6-tetrol,2-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6,8-tetrol and 2-aminobenzene-1,3-diol/5-aminonbenzene-1,3-diol/2-aminobenzene-1,4-diol as intermediates.The 26% ferric nitrate loaded fire clay was characterized by XRD,ICP-AES,BET surface area,FT-IR,SEM-EDS and UV-DRS studies.

  19. Structural and spectral comparisons between isomeric benzisothiazole and benzothiazole based aromatic heterocyclic dyes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yin-Ge; Wang, Yue-Hua; Tao, Tao; Qian, Hui-Fen; Huang, Wei

    2015-09-01

    A pair of isomeric heterocyclic compounds, namely 3-amino-5-nitro-[2,1]-benzisothiazole and 2-amino-6-nitrobenzothiazole, are used as the diazonium components to couple with two N-substituted 4-aminobenzene derivatives. As a result, two pairs of isomeric aromatic heterocyclic azo dyes have been produced and they are structurally and spectrally characterized and compared including single-crystal structures, electronic spectra, solvatochromism and reversible acid-base discoloration, thermal stability and theoretically calculations. It is concluded that both benzisothiazole and benzothiazole based dyes show planar molecular structures and offset π-π stacking interactions, solvatochromism and reversible acid-base discoloration. Furthermore, benzisothiazole based aromatic heterocyclic dyes exhibit higher thermal stability, larger solvatochromic effects and maximum absorption wavelengths than corresponding benzothiazole based ones, which can be explained successfully by the differences of their calculated isomerization energy, dipole moment and molecular band gaps.

  20. [Leather azo dyes: mutagenic and carcinogenic risks].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clonfero, E; Venier, P; Granella, M; Levis, A G

    1990-01-01

    The paper reviews the carcinogenicity and mutagenicity data on azo dyes used in the leather industry. Two water soluble benzidine-based dyes were classified as "probably carcinogenic to humans" by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). No other dyes have been evaluated by the IARC. Of the 48 azo dyes assayed in the Salmonella/microsome test, 20 gave positive results. Attention is drawn to the important role of the in vivo metabolism of azo compounds, which includes a preliminary reduction of the azo bonds and subsequent release of the aromatic amines of the dye. A useful assay (Prival test) for evaluating the mutagenic properties of azo dyes involves a reductive step that permits the release of any genotoxic agents present in the compounds. A list of leather azo dyes is furnished that are considered as potentially harmful due to the presence of a carcinogenic aromatic amine (benzidine, p-aminobenzene and derivatives) in their formulae.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of amine-functionalized mixed-ligand metal-organic frameworks of UiO-66 topology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavan, Sachin M; Shearer, Greig C; Svelle, Stian; Olsbye, Unni; Bonino, Francesca; Ethiraj, Jayashree; Lillerud, Karl Petter; Bordiga, Silvia

    2014-09-15

    A series of amine-functionalized mixed-linker metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of idealized structural formula Zr6O4(OH)4(BDC)(6-6X)(ABDC)6X (where BDC = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, ABDC = 2-aminobenzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid) has been prepared by solvothermal synthesis. The materials have been characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy with the aim of elucidating the effect that varying the degrees of amine functionalization has on the stability (thermal and chemical) and porosity of the framework. This work includes the first application of ultraviolet-visible light (UV-vis) spectroscopy in the quantification of ABDC in mixed-linker MOFs.

  2. Strategically functionalized carbon nanotubes as the ultrasensitive electrochemical probe for picomolar detection of sildenafil citrate (Viagra).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopalan, Anantha Iyengar; Lee, Kwang Pill; Komathi, Shanmugasundaram

    2011-02-15

    The present work demonstrates the utility of the functionalized carbon nanotubes, poly(4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) (PABS) grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes, MWNT-g-PABS, as an electrode modifier towards achieving ultrasensitive detection of a model drug, sildenafil citrate (SC). PABS units in MWNT-g-PABS interact with SC, pre-concentrate and accumulate at the surface. The electron transduction from SC to electrode is augmented via MWNT-g-PABS. As a result, the MWNT-g-PABS modified electrode exhibited ultrasensitive (57.7 μA/nM) and selective detection of SC with a detection limit of 4.7 pM. The present work provides scope towards targeting ultrasensitivity for the detection of biomolecules/drug through rational design and incorporation of appropriate chemical components to carbon nanotubes.

  3. Study of the growth and pyroelectric properties of TGS crystals doped with aniline-family dipolar molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Kecong; Song, Jiancheng; Wang, Min; Fang, Changshui; Lu, Mengkai

    1987-04-01

    TGS crystals doped with aniline-family dipolar molecules (aniline, 2-aminobenzoic acid, 3-aminobenzoic acid, 3-aminobenzene-sulphonic acid, 4-aminobenzenesulphonic acid and 4-nitroraniline) have been grown by the slow-cooling solution method. The influence of these dopants on the growth habits, crystal morphology pyroelectric properties, and structure parameters of TGS crystals has been systematically investigated. The effects of the domain structure of the seed crystal on the pyroelectric properties of the doped crystals have been studied. It is found that the spontaneous polarization (P), pyroelectric coefficient (lambda), and internal bias field of the doped crystals are slightly higher than those of the pure TGS, and the larger the dipole moment of the dopant molecule, the higher the P and lambda of the doped TGS crystal.

  4. Synthesis of Pazopanib Hydrochloride%盐酸帕唑帕尼的合成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨欣; 唐家邓; 岑均达

    2012-01-01

    3-甲基-6-硝基-2H-吲唑(3)经甲基化、还原、单甲基化后,与2,4-二氯嘧啶缩合制得2,3-二甲基-N-(2-氯嘧啶-4-基)-N-甲基-2H-吲唑-6-胺,再与2-甲基-5-氨基苯磺酰胺经缩合、成盐酸盐制得抗肿瘤药盐酸帕唑帕尼,总收率约为37%.%Pazopanib hydrochloride was synthesized from 3-methyl-6-nitro-2i/-indazole (3) by methylation, reduction, monomethylation and coupled with 2,4-dichloropyrimidine to give 2,3-dimethyl-N- (2-chloropyrimidin-4-yl) -Af-methyl-2//-indazol-6-amine, which was condensed with 2-methyl-5-aminobenzene sulfonamide and then salt formation with an overall yield of about 37%.

  5. 对氨基苯磺酸合镉配合物的合成及表征%Synthesis and Characterization of Cadmium Complex with Sulfanilic Acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁丁; 张秀芹

    2012-01-01

    One single-nuclear cadmium complex, [Cd(C6H5O3NS)4(H2O)2], was synthesized with dichlori-cadmium com- plex and 4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid in the water solution. It was characterized by the melting point, IR spectrum, TG and DTA analysis. The results revealed that the center Cd-atom was shown as octahedral geometry.%经对氨基苯磺酸与氯化镉在水溶液中自组装反应,合成了对氨基苯磺酸合镉配合物[Cd(C6H5O3NS)4(H2O)2]晶体.通过熔点、红外光谱和热稳定性分析对该配合物进行了初步表征,经推测得到六配位八面体几何构型的单核配合物.

  6. Oxidation of 2,6-dimethylaniline by the Fenton, electro-Fenton and photoelectro-Fenton processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Wang-Ping; Huang, Yao-Hui; Lu, Ming-Chun

    2011-01-01

    Fenton technologies for wastewater treatment have demonstrated their effectiveness in eliminating toxic compounds. This study examines how hydrogen peroxide concentration and ultraviolet (UV) light affects oxidation processes. However, total mineralization through these Fenton technologies is expensive compared with biological technologies. Therefore, partial chemical oxidation of toxic wastewaters with Fenton processes followed by biological units may increase the application range of Fenton technologies. Using 2,6-dimethylaniline (2,6-DMA) as the target compound, this study also investigates oxidation intermediates and their biodegradable efficiencies after treatment by Fenton, electro-Fenton and photoelectron-Fenton processes. Analytical results show that the UV light-promoting efficiency, r(PE-F)/r(E-F), was 2.02, 2.55 and 2.67 with initial hydrogen peroxide concentrations of 15, 20 and 25 mM, respectively. We conclude that UV irradiation promoted 2,6-DMA degradation significantly. The same tendency was observed for biochemical oxygen demand/total organic carbon (BOD(5)/TOC) ratios for each process, meaning that 2,6-DMA can be successfully detoxified using the electro-Fenton and photoelectro-Fenton processes. Some organic intermediates aminobenzene, nitrobenzene, 2,6-dimethylphenol, phenol and oxalic acid--were detected in different oxidation processes.

  7. 2-(5,6-Diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3-ylaniline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariusz Mojzych

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C21H16N4, obtained under standard Suzuki cross-coupling conditions, is a model compound in the synthesis and biological activity evaluation of new aza-analogues of sildenafil containing a pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazine system. An N—H...N intramolecular hydrogen bond involving the aminobenzene system and the 1,2,4-triazine moiety helps to establish a near coplanar orientation of the rings with a dihedral angle of 12.04 (4°, which is believed to be necessary for the biological activity of sildenafil analogues. The 1,2,4-triazine ring is slightly distorted from planarity [r.m.s deviation = 0.0299 (11 Å] and forms dihedral angles of 58.60 (4 and 36.35 (3° with the pendant phenyl rings. The crystal packing features bifurcated N—H...(N,N hydrogen bonds linking screw-axis-related molecules into chains parallel to the [010] direction< and π–π interactions, with a centroid–centroid separation of 3.8722 (7 Å and a slippage of 1.412 (3 Å. The crystal studied was a nonmerohedral twin with a ratio of 0.707 (2:0293 (2.

  8. Effects of surface charges of graphene oxide on neuronal outgrowth and branching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Qin; Pang, Long; Chen, Yun; Zhang, Yanrong; Zhang, Rui; Lu, Bingzhang; Wang, Jinyi

    2014-01-07

    Graphene oxides with different surface charges were fabricated from carboxylated graphene oxide by chemical modification with amino- (-NH2), poly-m-aminobenzene sulfonic acid- (-NH2/-SO3H), or methoxyl- (-OCH3) terminated functional groups. The chemically functionalized graphene oxides and the carboxylated graphene oxide were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectrometry, ζ potential measurements, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and contact angle analyses. Subsequently, the resulting graphene oxides were used as substrates for culturing primary rat hippocampal neurons to investigate neurite outgrowth and branching. The morphological features of neurons that directly reflect their potential capability in synaptic transmission were characterized. The results demonstrate that the chemical properties of graphene oxide can be systematically modified by attaching different functional groups that confer known characteristics to the substrate. By manipulating the charge carried by the functionalized graphene oxides, the outgrowth and branching of neuronal processes can be controlled. Compared with neutral, zwitterionic, or negatively charged graphene oxides, positively charged graphene oxide was found to be more beneficial for neurite outgrowth and branching. The ability to chemically modify graphene oxide to control neurite outgrowth could be implemented clinically, especially in cases wherein long-term presence of outgrowth modulation is necessary.

  9. Remediation of textile azo dye acid red 114 by hairy roots of Ipomoea carnea Jacq. and assessment of degraded dye toxicity with human keratinocyte cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Pamela; Jobby, Renitta; Desai, N S

    2016-07-05

    Bioremediation has proven to be the most desirable and cost effective method to counter textile dye pollution. Hairy roots (HRs) of Ipomoea carnea J. were tested for decolourization of 25 textile azo dyes, out of which >90% decolourization was observed in 15 dyes. A diazo dye, Acid Red 114 was decolourized to >98% and hence, was chosen as the model dye. A significant increase in the activities of oxidoreductive enzymes was observed during decolourization of AR114. The phytodegradation of AR114 was confirmed by HPLC, UV-vis and FTIR spectroscopy. The possible metabolites were identified by GCMS as 4- aminobenzene sulfonic acid 2-methylaniline and 4- aminophenyl 4-ethyl benzene sulfonate and a probable pathway for the biodegradation of AR114 has been proposed. The nontoxic nature of the metabolites and toxicity of AR114 was confirmed by cytotoxicity tests on human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT). When HaCaT cells were treated separately with 150 μg mL(-1) of AR114 and metabolites, MTT assay showed 50% and ≈100% viability respectively. Furthermore, flow cytometry data showed that, as compared to control, the cells in G2-M and death phase increased by 2.4 and 3.6 folds respectively on treatment with AR114 but remained unaltered in cells treated with metabolites.

  10. Degradation Network Reconstruction in Uric Acid and Ammonium Amendments in Oil-Degrading Marine Microcosms Guided by Metagenomic Data

    KAUST Repository

    Bargiela, Rafael

    2015-11-24

    Biostimulation with different nitrogen sources is often regarded as a strategy of choice in combating oil spills in marine environments. Such environments are typically depleted in nitrogen, therefore limiting the balanced microbial utilization of carbon-rich petroleum constituents. It is fundamental, yet only scarcely accounted for, to analyze the catabolic consequences of application of biostimulants. Here, we examined such alterations in enrichment microcosms using sediments from chronically crude oil-contaminated marine sediment at Ancona harbor (Italy) amended with natural fertilizer, uric acid (UA), or ammonium (AMM). We applied the web-based AromaDeg resource using as query Illumina HiSeq meta-sequences (UA: 27,893 open reading frames; AMM: 32,180) to identify potential catabolic differences. A total of 45 (for UA) and 65 (AMM) gene sequences encoding key catabolic enzymes matched AromaDeg, and their participation in aromatic degradation reactions could be unambiguously suggested. Genomic signatures for the degradation of aromatics such as 2-chlorobenzoate, indole-3-acetate, biphenyl, gentisate, quinoline and phenanthrene were common for both microcosms. However, those for the degradation of orcinol, ibuprofen, phenylpropionate, homoprotocatechuate and benzene (in UA) and 4-aminobenzene-sulfonate, p-cumate, dibenzofuran and phthalate (in AMM), were selectively enriched. Experimental validation was conducted and good agreement with predictions was observed. This suggests certain discrepancies in action of these biostimulants on the genomic content of the initial microbial community for the catabolism of petroleum constituents or aromatics pollutants. In both cases, the emerging microbial communities were phylogenetically highly similar and were composed by very same proteobacterial families. However, examination of taxonomic assignments further revealed different catabolic pathway organization at the organismal level, which should be considered for designing

  11. Degradation network reconstruction in uric acid and ammonium amendments in oil-degrading marine microcosms guided by metagenomic data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael eBargiela

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Biostimulation with different nitrogen sources is often regarded as a strategy of choice in combating oil spills in marine environments. Such environments are typically depleted in nitrogen, therefore limiting the balanced microbial utilization of carbon-rich petroleum constituents. It is fundamental, yet only scarcely accounted for, to analyse the catabolic consequences of application of biostimulants. Here, we examined such alterations in enrichment microcosms using sediments from chronically crude oil-contaminated marine sediment at Ancona harbor (Italy amended with natural fertilizer, uric acid (UA, or ammonium (AMM. We applied the web-based AromaDeg resource using as query Illumina HiSeq meta-sequences (UA: 27,893 open reading frames; AMM: 32,180 to identify potential catabolic differences. A total of 45 (for UA and 65 (AMM gene sequences encoding key catabolic enzymes matched AromaDeg, and their participation in aromatic degradation reactions could be unambiguously suggested. Genomic signatures for the degradation of aromatics such as 2-chlorobenzoate, indole-3-acetate, biphenyl, gentisate, quinoline and phenanthrene were common for both microcosms. However, those for the degradation of orcinol, ibuprofen, phenylpropionate, homoprotocatechuate and benzene (in UA and 4-aminobenzene-sulfonate, p-cumate, dibenzofuran and phthalate (in AMM, were selectively enriched. Experimental validation was conducted and good agreement with predictions was observed. This suggests certain discrepancies in action of these biostimulants on the genomic content of the initial microbial community for the catabolism of petroleum constituents or aromatics pollutants. In both cases, the emerging microbial communities were phylogenetically highly similar and were composed by very same proteobacterial families. However, examination of taxonomic assignments further revealed different catabolic pathway organization at the organismal level, which should be considered

  12. [Spectrophotometric determination of aromatic amino compounds with J-acid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xiao-hang; Shi, Wen-jian; Shen, Xin; Ma, Jun-tao; Li, Liang

    2015-01-01

    The problems such as chromogenic reaction selectivity, reaction rate, sensitivity and water-solubility of azo compounds were considered. The molecular structures of coupling components were theoretically designed and screened in the present research The reaction conditions and methods of chromogenic reaction were investigated. J-Acid (2-amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid) as a coupling reagent to determine aromatic amino compounds was established. In the presence of potassium bromide, at room temperature, nitrite reacted with aromatic amino compounds in the medium of thin hydrochloric acid. Then diazonium salt reacted with J-Acid in the aqueous solution of sodium carbonate, forming coloured azo dye, which had a maximum adsorption at 480 nm. The molar adsorption coeffcients of aniline, 4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid and 1-naphthylamine were 3. 95 X 10(4), 3. 24 X 10(4) and 3. 91 X 10(4) L . mol-1 . cm-1 , respectively. Experimental results showed that common coexisting ions on the surface water did not affect the results of determination. J-Acid of spectrophotometry was used to determine the samples of Shanghai Fu Xing Dao canal. Meanwhile, recovery experiments by standard addition method were done. Experiment results showed that the recoveries of aniline were in the range of 98. 5%-102. 1%, and RSD was 2. 08%. J-Acid is a common organic reagent. It is soluble in water and low volatile, and its toxicity is much lower than N-ethylenediamine. spectrophotometric determination of aromatic amino compounds by J-Acid has the advantage of high sensitivity, good selectivity, simple rapid operation and accurate results, and thus it can be used for the determination of trace aromatic amino compounds in the environmental water.

  13. 盐酸帕唑帕尼的工艺改进%Improved Synthesis of Pazopanib Hydrochloride

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨智慧; 朱五福; 王建强; 郭飞; 付强强; 宫平

    2011-01-01

    Pazopanib hydrochloride was prepared from 2-ethylaniline via nitration, cyclization, methylation, reduction, substitution and methylation to give the intermediate compound, 2,3-dimethyl-W- (2-chloropyrimidin-4-yl)-/V-methyl-2//-indazol-6-amine, which was condensed with 2-methyl-5-aminobenzene sulfonamide and then salified to afford the target compound with an overall yield of 38.1%. Its structure was confirmed by 'H NMR and ESI-MS. This improved process is suitable for industrial production since it has lots of advantages, such as low cost, simple operation and short reaction time.%以邻乙基苯胺为原料经硝化、环合、甲基化、硝基还原、取代、甲基化等反应制得2,3-二甲基-N-(2-氯嘧啶-4-基)-N-甲基-2H-吲唑-6-胺(7);中间体7与5-氨基-2-甲基苯磺酰胺(8)缩合、成盐制得目标产物盐酸帕唑帕尼(1).笔者对帕唑帕尼的合成工艺进行了改进,总收率38.1%,其结构经ESI-MS、1H NMR确证.改进后的合成工艺成本低廉,操作简单,反应时间短,适合工业化生产.

  14. Modeling Bimolecular Reactions and Transport in Porous Media Via Particle Tracking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dong Ding; David Benson; Amir Paster; Diogo Bolster

    2012-01-01

    We use a particle-tracking method to simulate several one-dimensional bimolecular reactive transport experiments. In this numerical method, the reactants are represented by particles: advection and dispersion dominate the flow, and molecular diffusion dictates, in large part, the reactions. The particle/particle reactions are determined by a combination of two probabilities dictated by the physics of transport and energetics of reaction. The first is that reactant particles occupy the same volume over a short time interval. The second is the conditional probability that two collocated particles favorably transform into a reaction. The first probability is a direct physical representation of the degree of mixing in an advancing displacement front, and as such lacks empirical parameters except for the user-defined number of particles. This number can be determined analytically from concentration autocovariance, if this type of data is available. The simulations compare favorably to two physical experiments. In one, the concentration of product, 1,2-naphthoquinoe-4-aminobenzene (NQAB) from reaction between 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonic acid (NQS) and aniline (AN), was measured at the outflow of a column filled with glass beads at different times. In the other, the concentration distribution of reactants (CuSO_4 and EDTA^{4-}) and products (CuEDTA^{4-}) were quantified by snapshots of transmitted light through a column packed with cryloite sand. The thermodynamic rate coefficient in the latter experiment was 10^7 times greater than the former experiment, making it essentially instantaneous. When compared to the solution of the advection-dispersion-reaction equation (ADRE) with the well-mixed reaction coefficient, the experiments and the particle-tracking simulations showed on the order of 20% to 40% less overall product, which is attributed to poor mixing. The poor mixing also leads to higher product concentrations on the edges of the mixing zones, which the particle

  15. Chemical functionalization, characterization, and application of single-walled carbon nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Bin

    Due to their unique properties, carbon nanotubes have received considerable attention. In this dissertation, the characterization, chemical functionalization and application of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are discussed. The purity and extinction coefficient of SWNTs is measured by using solution phase near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The carbonaceous purity of SWNTs produced by the electric arc (EA), laser oven (LO) and HiPco (HC) methods was estimated by measurement of areal absorptivities of the second interband transition of semiconducting nanotube. A number of EA-produced SWNTs samples have been analyzed to estimate an absolute molar extinction coefficient for the carbonaceous impurities in EA-produced SWNT samples. This work is expected to lead to a universal method for the assessment of the absolute bulk purity of SWNTs from all sources. Chemical functionalization is a useful tool to tailor the properties of SWNTs. Water soluble polymers, including poly(aminobenzene sulphonic acid) [(C6H3SOHNH)n] and polyethylene glycol [HO(CH 2CH2O)nH], were used to functionalize SWNTs via amidation or esterification. The resulting SWNT graft copolymers have high solubility in water. The loading of SWNTs in the SWNT-CONH(C6H 3SO3HNH)n and SWNT-COO(CH2CH2 O)nH graft copolymers was estimated to be 35% and 70%, respectively, by thermogravimetric analysis. The mineralization of SWNTs with hydroxyappatite is an important step towards the application of SWNTs as artificial bone material. After functionalization with (C6H3SO3HNH)n and phosphonates, sulphonic acid and phosphonate groups were attached to SWNTs. These functional groups enhanced the nucleation and crystallization of hydroxyappatite on SWNTs. This work can be regarded as a significant beginning in the application of SWNTs in the area of artificial bone materials, where the SWNTs have real potential due to their light-weight and high strength.

  16. Treatment of TNT red water by physico-chemical and biological technologies%物化-生物组合工艺处理TNT红水

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志; 叶正芳; 赵泉林

    2013-01-01

    The combination technology of acidification,micro-electrolysis,coagulating sedimentation,vacuum distillation,immobilized micro-organism and adsorption by activated coke (AC) was used to treat TNT red water generated from Xiangfan Division of 805 Factory.After treatment,the concentration of nitro compounds in effluent was lower than 0.8 mg/L,the average concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was 51.6 mg/ L,with the mximum value of 76 mg/L,the chrominance was 20°,and the concentration of aminobenzene was lower than 1 mg/L.The values of these parameters reached the requirement of the factory,which are belowthe limits proposed by Chinese standard GB14470.1-2002 (Discharge Standard for Water Pollutants from Ordnance Industry:Powder and Explosive).During the period of the pilot scale test,the vacuum distillation apparatus operated stably,and no trouble of blocking and burning happened,meaning that treatment of TNT red water by vacuum distillation was safe and reliable.%采用酸析+微电解+混凝沉淀+减压蒸馏+固定化微生物滤池+活性焦吸附组合工艺处理兵器八○五厂(襄樊分部)的TNT红水,出水中的硝基化合物浓度多小于0.8 mg/L,且多次未检出;COD最高值为76 mg/L,平均值为51.6 mg/L;色度为20°;苯胺浓度全部小于1 mg/L,达到了中试方案提出的要求,出水水质指标符合《兵器工业水污染物排放标准火炸药》(GB14470.1-2002)的要求.中试期间设备没有发生堵塞、燃烧等事故,减压蒸馏装置正常稳定运行,证实了减压蒸馏法处理TNT红水的安全可靠性.

  17. Steady-state inhibition model for the biodegradation of sulfonated amines in a packed bed reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juárez-Ramírez, Cleotilde; Galíndez-Mayer, Juvencio; Ruiz-Ordaz, Nora; Ramos-Monroy, Oswaldo; Santoyo-Tepole, Fortunata; Poggi-Varaldo, Héctor

    2015-05-25

    Aromatic amines are important industrial products having in their molecular structure one or more aromatic rings. These are used as precursors for the synthesis of dyes, adhesives, pesticides, rubber, fertilizers and surfactants. The aromatic amines are common constituents of industrial effluents, generated mostly by the degradation of azo dyes. Several of them are a threat to human health because they can by toxic, allergenic, mutagenic or carcinogenic. The most common are benzenesulfonic amines, such as 4-ABS (4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) and naphthalene sulfonic amines, such as 4-ANS (4-amino naphthalene sulfonic acid). Sometimes, the mixtures of toxic compounds are more toxic or inhibitory than the individual compounds, even for microorganisms capable of degrading them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of the mixture 4-ANS plus 4-ABS by a bacterial community immobilized in fragments of volcanic stone, using a packed bed continuous reactor. In this reactor, the amines loading rates were varied from 5.5 up to 69 mg L(-1) h(-1). The removal of the amines was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and chemical oxygen demand. With this information, we have studied the substrate inhibition of the removal rate of the aromatic amines during the degradation of the mixture of sulfonated aromatic amines by the immobilized microorganisms. Experimental results were fitted to parabolic, hyperbolic and linear inhibition models. The model that best characterizes the inhibition of the specific degradation rate in the biofilm reactor was a parabolic model with values of RXM=58.15±7.95 mg (10(9) cells h)(-1), Ks=0.73±0.31 mg L(-1), Sm=89.14±5.43 mg L(-1) and the exponent m=5. From the microbial community obtained, six cultivable bacterial strains were isolated and identified by sequencing their 16S rDNA genes. The strains belong to the genera Variovorax, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Arthrobacter, Nocardioides and Microbacterium. This