WorldWideScience

Sample records for american india sai

  1. Solar-energy an American India (SAI) partnership: The Ramakrishna Mission PV Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ullal, H.S.; Stone, J.L. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a cooperative program which was established in 1993 by the Minister of the Indian Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) and the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE). Eventually it fielded one project, funded 50-50 for a total of 500k dollars. The project selected was a sustainable rural economic development initiative with Ramakrishna Mission in West Bengal, India, as the nongovernment organization (NGO). The objectives of the program were to establish the economic viability of photovoltaic power in the Sundarbans region of West Bengal. To have the project self-sustaining with minimal subsidies to the beneficiaries. To establish the infrastructure for financing, training, installation and maintenance with the NGO taking the lead. To work with the NGO to expand utilization of photovoltaics in the region. To perform a before and after social, economic, and environmental impact study with the Tata Energy Research Institute.

  2. Children's Books on India and the Indian-American Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton Taylor, Gail; Sreenivasan, Jyotsna; Toke, Arun N.

    1998-01-01

    Lists recommended books that focus on Indians and the Indian-American experience in the United States. Includes folktales, myths, legends, nonfiction, fiction and titles published in India. Suggests how to select titles for classroom or library. (MMU)

  3. "Viola" sai Jaapanis eripreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi võistlesid Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn. Neist "Viola" sai žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  4. Soomlase disainitud tool sai preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Isku OY disaineri Tapio Anttila loodud tool Haiku sai rahvusvahelisel disainikonkursil ADEX 2004 mööbli kategoorias Adex Silveri preemia. Mullu sai sama tool Chicago arhitektuuri- ja disainimuuseumi preemia Good Design Award

  5. Jaak Kilmi "Inimkaamera" sai peaauhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Alternatiivfilmide festivalil "Pulss" sai peaauhinna Jaak Kilmi film "Inimkaamera", huumori eripreemia Andres Maimiku ja kollektiivi Suits filmid ja novaatorluse ning originaalsuse eest auhinnati kahte Asko Kase filmi

  6. Animated Dreamsi grand prix' sai film dododest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" (21.-25. XI kinos Sõprus) auhinnasaajad : peaauhinna sai LAV-i "Lugu sellest, kuidas" (autor The Blackheart Gang), Balti- ja Põhjamaade festivali auhinna sai Eesti "Kleit" (Mari-Liis Bassovskaja, Jelena Girlin)

  7. Eesti lastefilm sai UNICEFi auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    A Film Eesti laste lühianimafilm (režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) tunnistati parimaks haridus- ja sotsiaalteemaliseks filmiks 19.-22. aprillini Itaalias toimunud "Cartoons on the Bay" festivalil ja sai Pulcinella auhinna. Praegu luuakse selle filmi tegelastega telesarja

  8. "Ird, K." sai Riias preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    7. Balti teatrifestivalil Riias sai Tartu Uue Teatri juht Ivar Põllu auhinna lavastuse "Ird, K." kontseptsiooni ja helikujunduse eest ning näitleja Nero Urke Kaarel Irdi rolli eest. Von Krahli Teatri truppi hinnati aja ja ruumi loova käsitluse eest lavastuses "The End"

  9. Viin sai definitsiooni / Karina Loi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loi, Karina

    2008-01-01

    17. dets. 2007 kiideti põllumajanduse ja kalanduse ministrite nõukogus heaks määrus piiritusjookide määratlemise, kirjeldamise, esitlemise ja märgistamise kohta ja viina definitsioon sai lõpliku kinnituse. Märgistamisreegleid tuleb järgida vastavalt ELi direktiivile 2000/13

  10. Multicolour CCD Photometric Study of Galactic Star Clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. K. S. Yadav; S. I. Leonova; R. Sagar; E. V. Glushkova

    2014-06-01

    We present CCD photometric observations obtained in the field of open clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75. CCD optical data obtained for the first time for these clusters are used to derive the fundamental parameters of the clusters. Stellar surface density profile indicates that radii of SAI 63 and SAI 75 are ∼ 3'.5 and 2'.5 respectively. The reddenings ( - ) are 0.44 ± 0.05 and 0.34 ± 0.05 mag for SAI 63 and SAI 75 respectively while the corresponding distances are 2.2 ± 0.2 and 3.5 ± 0.3 kpc. An age of 450 ± 50 Myr for SAI 63 and 90 ± 10 Myr for SAI 75 is determined using the theoretical isochrones of Z = 0.019. Our analysis shows that reddening law is normal towards SAI 75.

  11. Starman sai operaatoritest esimesena ISO-sertifikaadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti suurim kaabeltelevisioonioperaator Starman sai esimese Eesti kaabelleviettevõttena kvaliteedijuhtimissertifikaadi, mis ettevõtte klientidele tähendab kinnitust teenindusprotsesside heast tasemest

  12. Can India become an export platform for global operations of Japanese and American multinational corporations affiliates?

    OpenAIRE

    Yamashita, Nobuaki

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines various indicators of the economic activities of Japanese and American multinational corporation (MNC) affiliates in India compared to the case of China, using the unique affiliate-level data. The study shows that Japanese MNCs in India follow the typical MNC expansion strategy in that rapidly growing emerging economy with a focus on the transport equipment industry, whereas United States counterparts are concentrated more in information technology-related services, thus s...

  13. Priit Tenderi film sai Dresdenis auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Dresdeni 14. filmifestivali animafilmide kategoorias sai teise preemia Priit Tenderi joonisfilm "Mont Blanc". Peapreemia sai saksa režissööri Jonathan Hodgsoni film "Camouflage". Kolmas oli PÖFFi peaauhinna saanud Stepan Birjukovi "Sossedi". Osales ka Nukufilmis diplomitööna valminud Jelena Girlini "Guff"

  14. Tanel Toom sai UNICA'l pronksi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    66. ülemaailmsel mitteprofessionaalsete filmitegijate festivalil (World Festival of Non-professional Film Makers) Saksamaal Veitshöchheimis sai TPÜ III kursuse tudeng Tanel Toom oma filmiga "2.68" pronksmedali

  15. Working for India or against Islam? Islamophobia in Indian American Lobbies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Therwath

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available In the past few years, the Indian American community has gained an unprecedented visibility in the international arena. It is indeed often projected as a model community and now constitutes growing and influential ethnic lobbies in Washington. But, in the face of its sheer division, Islamophobia did provide a unifying force sometimes bigger than the interest of Indian Americans or of their country of origin. Other factors can also be summoned. Among them, a leniency of many post-1965 migrants towards Hindu nationalist ideology and the wish to align with Jewish pressure groups in the context of the war against terrorism and to further the India-Israel-US strategic partnership play a major role in explaining Islamophobic overtones in the Indian American lobbies.

  16. Eesti lühifilm sai erootikapreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Itaalias Montecatini lühifilmide festivalil sai kategoorias "Eros in short films" parima filmi auhinna lühimängufilm "Ring" : stsenaristid : Andrus Tuisk, Urmas Lennuk, Kaur Kender : režissöör Andrus Tuisk : osades Lembit Ulfsak, Merle Palmiste ja Karl Annus : Tuisk Film - Parunid ja Vonid 2004

  17. SAI (SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, INCORPORATED) URBAN AIRSHED MODEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    The magnetic tape contains the FORTRAN source code, sample input data, and sample output data for the SAI Urban Airshed Model (UAM). The UAM is a 3-dimensional gridded air quality simulation model that is well suited for predicting the spatial and temporal distribution of photoch...

  18. The Indian Copyright (Amendment) Act of 2012 and American Digital Music Exports: Why the United States Should Make Stricter Anti-Circumvention Laws in India an American Diplomatic Priority

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudry, Sahil

    2013-01-01

    India presents the American music industry with a new frontier. Thanks to the wide distribution of cell phones, an expanding digital infrastructure, and a growing appetite for music entertainment, India has become an important digital music export market for the United States. However, widespread digital piracy has hampered India's potential as ...

  19. Euroopa parimaks filmiks sai Michael Haneke "Valge lint" / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhindadest: parima filmiauhinna sai Saksamaal Bochumis toimunud tseremoonial Michael Haneke "Valge lint", mille eest Haneke sai ka parima režissööri ja stsenaristi auhinna. Parimaks meesnäitlejaks pärjati Tahar Rahim ("Un Prophete"), parimaks naisnäitlejaks Kate Winslet ("The Reader"), publikupreemia sai Danny Boyle'i "Rentslimiljonär. Ka teistest võitjatest

  20. India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    In this discussion of India attention is directed to the following: the people; geography; history; government; political conditions; the economy; foreign relations (Pakistan and Bangladesh, China, and the Soviet Union); defense; and the relations between the US and India. In 1983 India's population was estimated at 746 million with an annual growth rate of 2.24%. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 116/1000 in 1984 with a life expectancy of 54.9 years. Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports nearly 15% of the world's population. 2 major ethnic strains predominate in India: the Aryan in the north and the Dravidian in the south, although the lines between them are blurred. India dominates the South Asian subcontinent geographically. The people of India have had a continuous civilization since about 2500 B.C., when the inhabitants of the Indus River Valley developed an urban culture based on commerce, trade, and, to a lesser degree, agriculture. This civilization declined about 1500 B.C. and Aryan tribes originating in central Asia absorbed parts of its culture as they spread out over the South Asian subcontinent. During the next few centuries, India flourished under several successive empires. The 1st British outpost in South Asia was established in 1619 at Surat on the northwestern coast of India. The British gradually expanded their influence until, by the 1850s, they controlled almost the entire area of present-day India. Independence was attained on August 15, 1947, and India became a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with Jawaharlal Nehru as prime minister. According to its constitution, India is a "sovereign socialist secular democratic republic." Like the US, India has a federal form of government, but the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and government is patterned after the British parliamentary system. The Congress Party has ruled India since independence with the

  1. Simmul sai Anapas auhinna / Ilona Martson, Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas sai parima meesnäitleja preemia Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda". Videoprogrammi grand prix sai Mikk Ranna animafilm "Sääsk ja hobune", samas märgiti ära ka Mark Soosaare "La Paloma"

  2. Guideline-Directed Medication Use in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction in India: American College of Cardiology's PINNACLE India Quality Improvement Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokharel, Yashashwi; Wei, Jessica; Hira, Ravi S; Kalra, Ankur; Shore, Supriya; Kerkar, Prafulla G; Kumar, Ganesh; Risch, Samantha; Vicera, Veronique; Oetgen, William J; Deswal, Anita; Turakhia, Mintu P; Glusenkamp, Nathan; Virani, Salim S

    2016-03-01

    Little is known about the use of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in outpatients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF; ≤40%) in India. Our objective was to understand the use of GDMT in outpatients with HFrEF in India. The Practice Innovation And Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) India Quality Improvement Program (PIQIP) is a registry for cardiovascular quality improvement in India supported by the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Between January 2008 and September 2014, we evaluated documentation of use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and β-blockers, or both, among outpatients with HFrEF seeking care in 10 centers enrolled in the PIQIP registry. Among 75 639 patients in the PIQIP registry, 34 995 had EF reported, and 15 870 had an EF ≤40%. The mean age was 56 years; 23% were female. Hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and myocardial infarction were present in 37%, 23%, 27%, and 17%, respectively. Use of ACEIs/ARBs, β-blockers, and both were documented in 33.5%, 34.9%, and 29.6% of patients, respectively. The documentation of GDMT was higher in men, in patients age ≥65 years, and in those with presence of hypertension, diabetes, or coronary artery disease. Documentation of GDMT gradually increased over the study period. Among patients enrolled in the PIQIP registry, about two-thirds of patients with EF ≤40% did not have documented receipt of GDMT. This study is an initial step toward improving adherence to GDMT in India and highlights the feasibility of examining quality of care in HFrEF in a resource-limited setting. PMID:26880649

  3. India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-01

    In 1988, India's population stood at 817 million, 25% of which was concentrated in urban areas. The annual rate of population growth is 2.01%. Life expectancy is currently 56 years, and infant mortality is 90/1000 live births. Education is compulsory to the age of 14 years, but the adult literacy rate is only 36%. Of the work force of 300 million, 70% are engaged in agriculture, 19% are in industry and commerce, 8% work in the services and government sector, and 3% are employed in transport and communications. India's gross national product currently stands at US$246 billion, with a real growth rate of 1.8% and a per capita income of $313. Although India is a federal republic, its central government has greater power in relation to its states than is the case in the US and there is a parliamentary system. Nonetheless, some states have been revitalizing traditional village councils and introducing grassroots democracy at the village level. A relatively sophisticated industrial base and pool of skilled labor have emerged since India achieved independence, although agriculture remains the crucial economic sector. There was a surge in agricultural production in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a result of the "green revolution" that made India largely self-sufficient in grain production through the use of hybrid seeds, irrigation, and fertilizer. However, failed monsoons and severe drought conditions have created fluctuations in the output of the agricultural sector in recent years. Gradual deregulation of industry and trade is providing increased incentives for foreign trade, and the Indian Government is encouraging collaborations that involve the transfer of high technology. PMID:12177992

  4. Rebane sai loa Sakala keskus lammutada / Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Ralf-Martin

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 1. nov. lk. 8. Peeter Rebane sai Keskerakonda astumise järel linnavalitsuselt loa lammutada Sakala keskus. Tallinna abilinnapea Kalev Kallo kommentaare. Vt. samas: Kesklinna liiklus tiheneb; IT Kolledzh kolib ära

  5. Viru Vesi sai ISO sertifikaadid / Külli Kriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 23. märts lk. 4. AS Viru Vesi sai Eestis teise vee-ettevõttena veevarustuse, kanalisatsiooni ning reoveepuhastuse teenuse pakkumise alal keskkonna- ja kvaliteedijuhtimissüsteemi sertifikaadid

  6. Piilupart Donald sai tähe Hollywoodi kuulsuste alleel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Walt Disney joonistatud Piilupart ilmus ekraanile esmakordselt 1934. aastal joonisfilmis "Tark tibu". Nüüd sai ka tema Hollywoodi tähtede alleel oma staaritähe Miki-Hiire, Pluuto ja Daisy kõrvale

  7. Kuldse Palmioksa sai film iirlaste iseseisvusvõitlusest / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali võitjad. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis Ken Loachi mängufilm "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind That Shakes the Barley"), Grand Prix' sai prantslase Bruno Dumonti film "Flandria" ("Flandres")

  8. India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In India, each nuclear reactor site has been provided near surface repositories for low and intermediate level solidified radioactive waste. It is a policy decision to provide such repositories in view of the logistics involved in the transportation of radioactive waste across long distances. Based on the experience gained, the concept of design and development of shallow ground repositories has undergone a steady evolution. Some of the major factors which differentiate current approach from the initial stages relate to, establishment of an adequate buffer zone, between the operational areas and external boundary of the repository, clear isolation of administrative and support facilities from the operational area, provision of areas and equipment for the purpose of decontamination, extensive use of mechanised handling and number of post operational monitoring and other institutional controls for routine surveillance of the facilities

  9. India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To start nuclear research in India, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai, was inaugurated in December 1945. The Atomic Energy Act was passed in April 1948 and to exploit the nuclear energy for the nation, the Atomic Energy Commission was constituted in August 1948. The Atomic Energy Commission started the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) in January 1954. All scientists and engineers engaged in the fields of reactor design and development, instrumentation, metallurgy and material science, etc. were transferred along with their respective programme from TIFR to AEET to become an integral part of the newly created AEET. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was created in August 1954. After the death of H. Bhabha, AEET was renamed as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in January 1967. No university in the country conducted any academic programme in nuclear engineering and science at the time the nuclear energy programme was started in India. In order to meet the manpower requirement for the atomic energy programme, AEET Training School (now called BARC Training School) was set up to train and recruit engineering and science graduates in to the DAE. Right from its inception in 1957, the Training School (TS) programme is of one year duration and continues to be the primary channel for recruiting engineers and scientists in DAE. However, though the TS continues to admit engineering graduates, the requirement for admission to the TS for science students is a post-graduate degree. Also, the TS programme is now called the Orientation Course for Engineering Graduates and Science Post Graduates (OCES) and has been expanded by opening the training schools at various locations for imparting specialized training in chosen areas of interest to DAE. The TS prepares the engineering and science student for the tasks of DAE but, till recently, it was not recognized with the award of any degree. The employees in DAE units used to register with

  10. "Detsembrikuumuse" helirežissöör sai Emmy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Hollywoodis töötav helirežissöör Solange S. Schwalbe sai septembris Los Angeleses toimunud 2007-2008 Creative Arts Primetime Emmys tseremoonial Emmy minisarja "John Adams" heliefektide eest. Tema meeskond helindas ka meie uue mängufilmi

  11. OÜ Same sai tootearendustoetust / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Tabiveres põllu- ja teehooldusmasinaid tootev OÜ Same sai Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse kaudu üle poole miljoni krooni tootearendustoetust, mille abil töötab firma välja uue, senisest paindlikuma ja multifunktsionaalsema ketas-liivapuisturi

  12. Jalaväebrigaad sai 18 Sisu soomukit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    1. jalaväebrigaad sai kätte viis Afganistanis kasutusel olnud soomukit Sisu XA-180 ning kolmteist Hollandist hangitud soomukit Sisu XA-188. 1. jalaväebrigaad on kaitseväe põhimanööverüksus, mis riigikaitse arengukava kohaselt muutub lähitulevikus soomusbrigaadiks

  13. Edgar Valter sai elutööpreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    RRis avati näitus 2004. aasta kauneimatest raamatutest, RRi eriauhinna Kuldraamat pälvisid Peeter Mudisti أIllustreeritud Mudist ehk Tobiasؤ, mille kunstnikuks on Peeter Laurits ja lasteraamatutest Piret Mildebergi kirjutatud ja kujundatud أErvin ئ kõikide lemmikؤ, elutöö eest sai auhinna Edgar Valter

  14. The anaphylactoid constituents in Xue-Sai-Tong injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Zheng; Qiao, Tie; Xiao, Hang; Kang, Ting-Guo; Dou, Deqiang; Li, Haibo; Kuang, Haixue

    2013-08-01

    Xue-Sai-Tong injection, a traditional Chinese medicine with total saponins of Sanqi ginseng as active ingredients, has been used for more than 500 years to treat coronary artery disease in China. Anaphylactoid reaction induced by Xue-Sai-Tong injection was one of the main adverse drug reactions which has occurred frequently in recent years. It is of importance to elucidate its anaphylactoid constituents. The in vivo anaphyalctoid tests indicated that the anaphylactoid mediators could be used as indexes to evaluate the anaphylactoid action. Further, the in vitro model based on determining the mediators release from the degranulation of mast cells and RBL-2H3 cells stimulated by Xue-Sai-Tong injection was explored. Mediators released from mast cells and RBL-2H3 cells caused by Xue-Sai-Tong injection were determined by comparison of the methods of fluorospectrophotometry, ELISA, and spectrophotometry, respectively, revealing that the histamine release induced by the Xue-Sai-Tong injection could not be assayed accurately by the method of fluorospectrophotometry because of the interference of saponins and unknown components in the injection. The rat peritoneal mast cell was also not an optimal cell model for determining histamine and β-hexosaminidase release due to the higher spontaneous release ratio during the cell collection. Thus, ELISA determination of the histamine release from RBL-2H3 cells is a suitable in vitro model to assay the anaphylactoid reaction of Xue-Sai-Tong injection. Previously, abnormal hemolysis in some batches of Xue-Sai-Tong injection was observed in the course of their HD₅₀ (half hemolytic dosage) determination. This study further found that injections which exhibited an abnormal hemolysis phenomenon also caused a higher release of the anaphylactoid mediators from RBL-2H3 cells, indicating the HD₅₀ could be an auxiliary index to evaluate anaphylactoid action of the herbal injection indirectly. Research for anaphylactoid components in

  15. Working for India or against Islam? Islamophobia in Indian American Lobbies

    OpenAIRE

    Ingrid Therwath

    2007-01-01

    In the past few years, the Indian American community has gained an unprecedented visibility in the international arena. It is indeed often projected as a model community and now constitutes growing and influential ethnic lobbies in Washington. But, in the face of its sheer division, Islamophobia did provide a unifying force sometimes bigger than the interest of Indian Americans or of their country of origin. Other factors can also be summoned. Among them, a leniency of many post-1965 migrants...

  16. Comparison of Archean and Phanerozoic granulites: Southern India and North American Appalachians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcsween, Harry Y., Jr.; Kittleson, Roger C.

    1988-01-01

    Archean granulites at the southern end of the Dharwar craton of India and Phanerozoic granulites in the southern Appalachians of North America share an important characteristic: both show continuous transitions from amphibolite facies rocks to higher grade. This property is highly unusual for granulite terranes, which commonly are bounded by major shears or thrusts. These two terranes thus offer an ideal opportunity to compare petrogenetic models for deep crustal rocks formed in different time periods, which conventional wisdom suggests may have had different thermal profiles. The salient features of the Archean amphibolite-to-granulite transition in southern India have been recently summarized. The observed metamorphic progression reflects increasing temperature and pressure. Conditions for the Phanerozoic amphibolite-to-granulite transition in the southern Appalachians were documented. The following sequence of prograde reactions was observed: kyanite = sillimanite, muscovite = sillimanite + K-feldspar, partial melting of pelites, and hornblende = orthopyroxene + clinopyroxene + garnet. The mineral compositions of low-variance assemblages in mafic and intermediate rocks are almost identical for the two granulite facies assemblages. In light of their different fluid regimes and possible mechanisms for heat flow augmentation, it seems surprising that these Archean and Phanerozoic granulite terranes were apparently metamorphosed under such similar conditions of pressure and temperature. Comparison with other terrains containing continuous amphibolite-to-granulite facies transitions will be necessary before this problem can be addressed.

  17. Are Spanish SAIs Accomplishing Intosai’s Best Practices Code of Transparency and Accountability?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel GARDE SÁNCHEZ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI is promoting the improvement of information transparency of Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs. Compliance with a statement of principles of transparency and accountability is intended to convert SAIs into an example of transparency and accountability.This article analyzes whether SAIs have used the Internet as a means to improve the transparency of their actions and the interaction with stakeholders in compliance with INTOSAI’s statement. Results indicate that, although Regional Spanish SAIs have used information and communication technologies (ICTs in improving communication and providing greater access to information, there is still a long way to go.

  18. "India's Rasputin"?: V.K. Krishna Menon and Anglo–American misperceptions of Indian foreign policymaking, 1947–1964

    OpenAIRE

    McGarr, Paul M.

    2011-01-01

    From 1947 until his political demise in late 1962, Vengalil Krishanan Krishna Menon stood at the forefront of India's international relations. One of Indian Premier Jawaharlal Nehru's closest political confidantes, Menon served variously as India's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, leader of its delegation to the United Nations, self-styled mediator in the Korea, Indo–China, and Suez crises of the 1950s and, from 1957, his country's Defence Minister. Vilified in the West as “India's Ra...

  19. SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys) 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Kapoor, Supriya; Bhatia, Rahul

    2016-01-01

    This book is a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wider range of topics, including unsupervised text mining, anomaly and Intrusion Detection, Self-reconfiguring Robotics, application of Fuzzy Logic to development aid, Design and Optimization, Context-Aware Reasoning, DNA Sequence Assembly and Multilayer Perceptron Networks. The twenty-one chapters present extended results from the SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys) 2015 and have been selected based on high recommendations during IntelliSys 2015 review process. This book presents innovative research and development carried out presently in fields of knowledge representation and reasoning, machine learning, and particularly in intelligent systems in a more broad sense. It provides state - of - the - art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real world problems along with a vision of the future research.

  20. USA juhtivpoliitik sai süüdistuse pettuses / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    USA Kongressi vabariiklaste juht Tom DeLay astus ametist tagasi, kuna Texase osariigi Travise maakonna kohus esitas talle süüdistuse seotuse eest Texase valimiskampaania rahastamisskeemiga. Esindajatekoja uueks vabariiklaste juhiks sai Missouri osariigi kongresmen Roy Blunt

  1. Karzai sai vähem kui kolmandiku küsitud rahast / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Pariisis toimuval Afganistani doonorite konverentsil 50 miljardit dollarit lisaraha nõutanud president Hamid Karzai sai esialgu 14 miljardit dollarit. Välisminister Urmas Paet lubas oma sõnavõtus, et Eesti suurendab oma abi

  2. Pedagoogikaülikoolist sai maailma ühe mainekama teadusorganisatsiooni liige

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolist sai IEA (International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievements) liige. IEA uuringute põhjal selgitatakse välja, milliste riikide hariduspoliitikad on edukamad

  3. Marianne Mikko sai Gandhilt küllakutse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi liige Marianne Mikko osales India välisministeeriumi riigiministri Anand Sharma kutsel ainsa europarlamendi esindajana rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Rahu, vägivallatus ja võim", kus esines kõnega "Haridus - eliidile või kõigile?" Allk.: M. V

  4. Arne Niit sai Kuldnõela / Arne Niit ; interv. Valdo Jahilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niit, Arne, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Intervjuu rõivadisainer Arne Niiduga, kes sai parima Eesti moekunstniku aastaauhinna Kuldnõela 2000. a. loomingu eest. Väike Kuldnõel, mis on mõeldud noorele disainerile, anti Riina Põldroosile. Kuldnõela auhinna pälvinud moekunstnike loetelu.

  5. Robert Frazure mälestuspuu Sõpruse pargis sai graniitpotil tähistuse / Raivo Feldmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmann, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Esimese USA suursaadiku sõjajärgses Eestis, Robert Frazure' mälestuspuu sai Sõpruse pargis tähise, vajaliku raha ettevõtmise heaks annetasid Ameerika Suursaatkonna töötajad, nende delegatsioon viibis Põltsamaal Sõpruse pargis toimunud üritusel

  6. Agar pronkssõduriga võitleja sai kanepisuitsetamise eest trahvi / Katrin Rohtla, Siim Randla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Katrin, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Aktiivse pronkssõduri vastasena tuntust kogunud Isamaaliidu liige Kalev Rebane sai Läänemaal Peraküla rannas kanepi suitsetamise eest politseilt 9000 krooni trahvi. Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu liikmed on teinud ettepaneku noormees erakonnast välja arvata. Lisa: Mille eest koostati protokoll?

  7. Uudised : ER annab välja In Spe albumi. Krummi-nimeline preemia. EMA raamatukogu sai annetuse / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Raadio annab välja ans. In Spe CD-plaadi. Ansambli ajaloost, tegevusest. H. Krummi nimelisest kultuuripreemiast. 16. dets. sai EMA raamatukogu kingituseks T. Valjakka noodi- ja raamatukogu. Teistest annetajatest

  8. Rumalus sai päitsed pähe / Sven Mikser, Ants Käärma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikser, Sven, 1973-

    2000-01-01

    Vastukaja S. Kalbergi art. "Armastus sai päitsed pähe", Järva Teataja 16. juuni 2000, lk. 2. Corrida ärakeelamisest Hispaania päevadel Paides ja loomakaitseseaduse muudatustest. Autor: Keskerakond. ERL. Parlamendisaadik

  9. Stenosis Asymmetry Index (SAI) between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients in the analysis of carotid arteries. A study using CT angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Extracranial carotid artery stenosis is accepted as a significant risk factor for cerebrovascular events. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate whether the Stenosis Asymmetry Index (SAI) between carotid arteries (in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients) can be considered a further parameter in the stroke risk stratification. Materials and methods: 60 consecutive symptomatic (males 36; median age 64) patients and 60 non symptomatic patients matched for gender and age, were analyzed using a 40-detector-row CT angiography. Each patient was analyzed by injecting 80 mL of contrast material at a 5 mL/s flow rate. Stenosis degree of 240 carotids was calculated according to NASCET method. For each patient, the ratio between the most severe stenosis and the contralateral was calculated to obtain the SAI. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and ROC curve was also calculated. Results: Results of our study indicate a mean SAI of 1.48 (±0.35 SD) in the asymptomatic group and a mean SAI of 1.69 (±0.53 SD) in the symptomatic group with a statistically significant difference (p value = 0.0204). The multiple logistic regression analysis did not find statistically significant association between SAI and symptoms. The ROC curve analysis indicated that an SAI value of 1.8 has a specificity of 84.31% presence of cerebral symptoms whereas using a 1.2 SAI we obtained a sensitivity of 88.24%. Conclusion: Results of our study suggest that a SAI > 1.8 has a good sensitivity in identifying the association with cerebrovascular events.

  10. Establishing strategic alliance among hospitals through SAIS: a case study in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Won-Fu; Hwang, Hsin-Ginn; Liao, Chechen

    2005-01-01

    Due to a reformed healthcare insurance system and a gradually decreasing public affairs' budget by the government year by year, Central Taiwan Office (CTO), the Department of Health (DOH) in Taiwan, initiated a strategic alliance project of the hospitals subordinated to the DOH in November, 2001. This project was a five-year plan with an attempt to expand and develop three more strategic alliances covering the northern, southern and eastern regions of Taiwan respectively. Through a cooperative system, such an alliance allows the following: resource sharing, technique collaboration, marketing affiliations and so on. In order to decrease operation management costs and improve the quality of service at hospitals, the strategic alliance practice is supported by IS. We call this alignment the IS-enabled strategic alliance. All the IS-enabled functions are supported by the Strategic Alliance Information System (SAIS). In this article, the SAIS developed by the CTO of the DOH is introduced. PMID:18048210

  11. Rain Simmul sai mehise näitleja auhinna / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Bakuu rahvusvaheline filmilmifestival "Ida-Lääs", kus Rain Simmul sai oma rolli eest Arvo Iho filmis "Karu süda" diplomi. Näidati ka Peeter Simmi mängufilmi "Head käed" ja Andres Maimiku - Jaak Kilmi tõsielufilmi "Isamaa ilu". "Karu süda" on saanud ka Jack Londoni nimelise parima stsenaariumiga filmi auhinna California filmifestivalil Wine Country

  12. Hästi restaureeritud raekoda sai Euroopast kõrge tunnustuse / Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Askur, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna raekoda sai Euroopa Liidu ja Euroopa pärandkultuuri organisatsiooni Europa Nostra kultuuripärandi medali. Europa Nostra nõukogu liikme Karin Hallas-Murula sõnul arvestatakse auhindade jagamisel nii mälestise säilitamist kui ka kasutamist tänapäeval. Mainekas auhind on tunnustus Teddy Böcklerile, kellele raekoja restaureerimine oli elutööks. Lisatud Europa Nostra peapreemiad

  13. India's "Democracy"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Dao: After independence, India basically inherited the political system set up by British colonial rule. After half century's transformation, a "democratic" political system with "India's characteristics" has gradually taken shape in India.

  14. Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, including the first records in Paraguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio D. Ríos Díaz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, including the first records in Paraguay. This paper provides comments on the subspecific taxonomy and geographic distribution of Sais rosalia (Cramer, 1779 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, as well as an up-to-date distributional map, complemented with unpublished distributional data based on specimens deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus S. Moure, Curitiba, Brazil and the Museo de Historia Natural, Lima, Peru. The following synonyms are proposed: Sais rosalia camariensis Haensch, 1905 syn. rev. as junior subjective synonym of Papilio rosalia Cramer, 1779 and Sais rosalia brasiliensis Talbot, 1928 syn. rev. as junior subjective synonym of Sais rosalia rosalinde Weymer, 1890. Additionally, the first country records of Sais rosalia in Paraguay, including the southernmost record of the species, are documented.

  15. 接受美学视野中的靳羽西及其文化意义%Yue-Sai Kan and the Cultural Significance From the Perspective of Acceptance Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何世剑; 程慧雯

    2016-01-01

    靳羽西是世界知名的美籍华裔电视节目主持人、畅销书作家、优秀企业家及社会活动家。她的成功,在文化学、社会学、传播学及美学等领域中均有重要的认识价值。从“接受美学”的视角来看,靳羽西作为文化名人,其成功既有“童心”品性,也离不开社会、时代的“召唤”。她的出现及其在美容、服饰、时尚等方面的文化引领,恰好满足了思想解放和文化觉醒后的中国受众对“异质文化”的诉求及对“审美文化”“个性文化”的期待。%Yue-Sai Kan is a Chinese-American woman, a famous TV hostess, best-selling author, outstanding entrepreneur and social activist around the world.Her success is of great value of cognition in the field of culture, sociology, communication and aesthetics.From the perspective of acceptance aesthetics, as a cultural celebrity, Yue-Sai Kan’ s success lies in both her innocence character and the call of social era.The occurance of Yue-Sai Kan and her leading position in the aspects of beauty, apparel and fashion just satisfied the thought liberation and the demand of “heterogenous cultures” and the demand of “aesthetic culture,” “personality culture” for Chinese audience after the period of cultural awakening.

  16. Isotopes of uranium in the waters of mine tailings Kadzhi-Sai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilona Matveyeva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the determination of uranium isotopes in the water objects of the region Kadzhi-Sai, where former uranium mine, concentrating plant and tailing with a total volume of 400,000 m3 are located. Determination of uranium isotopes was done by alpha-spectrometry method with previous radiochemical preparation (coprecipitation on iron hydroxide, extraction with tributyl phosphate and electrodeposition on stainless steel disk on alpha-spectrometer of «Canberra». On the basis of experimental data, the ratios of uranium-234 to uranium-238 were calculated, uranium isotope chart of determination of genetic composition of water were built and investigated. During the work three genetic types of waters were established: waters of deep circulation, waters of uranium anomalies draining tailing, and waters of active water exchange of the region. Their mixing proportions in the investigated water sources were calculated. It was found that drinking waters of Kadzhi-Sai village consist of only 5-7% of waters enriched by uranium; the major part (60-80% is waters of deep circulation.

  17. India on film, 1939-1947

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, Richard

    2011-01-01

    This chapter examines documentary films made about India during the period 1939-47. It contrasts the output of the official Indian film organisations Film Advisory Board and Information Films of India, with films produced by British governmental and military departments, and films produced by the commercial American company March of the Time. These films are revealing both of attitudes towards India and the question of independence, and of the nature of the Allied partnership during World War...

  18. Control and Autonomy—The SAIs in Norway, Denmark, and Germany as Watchdogs in an NPM-Era?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantz, Bastian; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Kristin; Vrangbæk, Karsten

    2015-01-01

    New public management (NPM) reforms have weakened the direct steering capacity within state bureaucracy. This article looks into how supreme audit institutions in three countries (Norway, Denmark, and Germany) assess these types of reforms. The analysis shows that all three SAIs have taken...

  19. Šampoonivõltsijast sai kardetud jäätmete töötleja / Mihkel Kärmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärmas, Mihkel, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    OÜ Megonar omanik Ahto Laanemägi sai loa ladustada kuni 60 000 t tselluloositehase Estonian Cell jäätmeid Noonu külas Virumaal. Põllumajandusteadlane Valjo Masso on leidnud Estonian Celli jääkmudast ootamatuid keemilisi elemente, nt. raskmetalle. Austria labori hinnang Estonian Celli muda kohta

  20. The Preliminary Research on Rupture and Factors Affecting Rupturing of the Hoh Sai Hu Segment in Eastern Kunlun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Yuzhu; Xu Jie; Zhou Qing; Zhou Bengang

    2012-01-01

    On November 14, 2001, an extraordinarily large earthquake (Ms8. 1) occurred on the Hoh Sai Hu segment of the Eastern Kunlun Fault, in the northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The seismogenic fault, the Hoh Sai Hu segment, is a left-lateral fault with a high slip rate in geological history, with the average slip rate reaching( 14. 8± 2. 8)mm/a since the late Pleistocene. Different slip rates of the Hoh Sai Hu segment can affect fault motion in the future. Therefore, this paper analyzes the effect of different slip rates and different initial friction coefficients on the fault plane of the Hoh Sai Hu segment of the eastern Kunlun Fault on the rupture behaviors of the fault. In this research, we apply the single degree of spring block model controlled by the rate- and state-dependent frictional constitutive laws. Using the fault dislocation model and based on ancient earthquake research, historical earthquakes data and the achievements of previous researchers, we obtained the parameters of this model. Through numerical simulation of the rupturing motion of the Hoh Sai Hu segment in the next 6500 years under different slip rates, we find that a faster annual slip rate will shorten the recurrence interval of the earthquake. For example, the earthquake recurrence interval is 2100a at a slip rate of 0. 014m/a, which agrees with previous research, but, the recurrence interval will be 1000 - 1500a and 2100 - 2500a, corresponding to the slip rates of 0. 018m/a and 0. 008m/a, respectively. The fault slip rate has no regular effect on the coseismic slip rate and fault displacement in an earthquake. The initial friction coefficient on the fault surface has an effect on the earthquake recurrence interval. A smaller initial friction coefficient will lengthen the earthquake recurrence interval. At the same time, the smaller initial friction coefficient will lead to larger slip rates and fault displacement when earthquakes occur.

  1. Mercury exposure in Munduruku Indians from the community of Sai Cinza, state of Para, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate mercury exposure and health status among Munduruku Indians from the community of Sai inza, State of Para, Brazil. The population studied included 330 Indians, who submitted to a questionnaire, clinical exams, and collection of hair, blood, urine, and feces. Mercury was measured in hair and fish. Although no person was found to have overt mercury intoxication, the mean levels of mercury in hair were elevated (14.45 μg/g for children from 7 to 12 years ld, 15.70 μg/g for women between 14 and 44 years old, and 14.1 μg/g or the remaining population). Mercury levels in fish were below levels recommended by the World Health Organization, but rates of fish consumption ere high. These results place this indigenous population as a group under risk of mercury toxicity from the gold production

  2. The 2001 Mw7.7 Bhuj, India Earthquake and Eastern North American Ground-Motion Attenuation Relations: Seismic Hazard Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, C. H.; Bhattacharya, S. N.; Kumar, A.

    2002-12-01

    It has been suggested that the Mw7.7 2001 Bhuj, India earthquake occurred in a stable continental region with ground-motion attenuation properties similar to eastern North America (ENA). No strong motion recordings for M7 or greater earthquakes have been recorded in ENA, so, if the two regions share similar properties, then observations from the Bhuj earthquake provide important information for hazard assessments in ENA as well as India. This thesis can be tested using seismic data for the Bhuj mainshock. The Indian Meteorological Department recorded accelerograph and broadband seismograph data at distances of 500 to 1800 km. Accelerograph and engineering seismoscope data were recorded at distances of 40 to 1100 km by the Department of Earthquake Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. We have processed the accelerograph and broadband data for response spectral accelerations and corrected them to a common NEHRP site class using Joyner and Boore (2000) site factors. The geologic conditions at each recording site were determined using the geologic map of India and categorized as Quaternary sediments, Tertiary sediments, or hard rock. Comparisons were then made to available ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. For peak ground acceleration (PGA) and 1.0 s spectral acceleration (Sa), the geologically-corrected Bhuj data generally fall among the ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. The Bhuj mainshock ground-motion data agree with the collective predictions of the ENA relations given the random uncertainty in ground-motion measurements of a factor of two or more plus the ground-motion attenuation relation modeling uncertainty. From an engineering perspective, this comparison supports the thesis that seismic-wave attenuation in stable continental India is similar to eastern North America.

  3. Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), including the first records in Paraguay

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), including the first records in Paraguay. This paper provides comments on the subspecific taxonomy and geographic distribution of Sais rosalia (Cramer, 1779) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), as well as an up-to-date distributional map, complemented with unpublished distributional data based on specimens deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus S. Moure, Cur...

  4. SAIS E SACAROSE NA GERMINAÇÃO IN VITRO DE LIMOEIRO‘CRAVO’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCHMILDT, Omar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Given the importance of production of free Citrus seedling diseases, micrografting becomes an interesting option for lead free clones of systemic-borne diseases and without the drawbacks of juvenility of nucellar embryonic, not also enables recovery of materials monoembriônicos. Obtaining the rootstock is made by in vitro germination of selected seeds, requiring skilled professionals and culture medium that provides high germination rate index and high seed germination and good production of fresh and good growth the shoot. In this study we evaluated the in vitro development of lemon rootstock cloves in medium with different levels of MS salts and sucrose. MS salts levels above 33.3% were important for increasing weight in fresh weight and shoot growth. However, with increasing levels above 33.3% is reduced IVG and germination. For the preparation in vitro rootstock of lemon „Cravo‟ is recommended to seed germination in semi-solid culture with 33.3% of MS salts and sucrose 60 g L-1.Dada a importância da produção de mudas de Citrus livres de doenças, a microenxertia torna-se uma opção interessante por originar clones livres de patôgenos sistêmicos e sem os inconvenientes de juvenilidade da embrionia nucelar, que não permite também a recuperação de materiais monoembriônicos. A obtenção do portaenxerto é feita pela germinação in vitro de sementes selecionadas, requerendo profissionais habilidosos e meio de cultura que proporcione alto índice de velocidade de germinação e alta germinação das sementes, bem como boa produção de matéria fresca e bom crescimento da parte aérea. Nesse trabalho avaliou-se o desenvolvimento in vitro do porta-enxerto limoeiro „Cravo‟ em meio com diferentes níveis de sais de MS e de sacarose. Níveis de sais de MS acima de 33,3% se mostraram importantes para o aumento do peso em matéria fresca e do crescimento da parte aérea. No entanto, com o aumento dos níveis acima de 33,3% ocorre

  5. Intermodal transport of granite from Southern Vietnam to Northern Europe : case: Sai Gon Cuu Long Logistics and Trading Company

    OpenAIRE

    Mai Lien Nguyen, Thi

    2011-01-01

    The national cargoes of Vietnam have increased dramatically over the last few years. To meet the demand of freight transport, strategic attention has been paid to the development of intermodal transport and door- to- door services. Yet the current investments in this area are not up to their potential. On the other hand, very few local businesses are capable of providing a complete shuttle service. This thesis is based on the real case of Sai Gon Cuu Long Logistics and Trading Company. T...

  6. Energy in India's Future: Insights

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    in the energy sector. The third chapter, by Joel Ruet and Zakaria Siddiqui, who live in India, presents a view that is more inclusive of realities on the ground in India. It is interesting to compare the areas in which the second and third chapters share opinions and those in which disagreements appear. The final chapter, by C. Pierre Zaleski and Michel Cruciani, is dedicated to India's nuclear projects and experiences after the signing of the Indo-American nuclear treaty

  7. Force sensor in simulated skin and neural model mimic tactile SAI afferent spiking response to ramp and hold stimuli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Elmer K

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The next generation of prosthetic limbs will restore sensory feedback to the nervous system by mimicking how skin mechanoreceptors, innervated by afferents, produce trains of action potentials in response to compressive stimuli. Prior work has addressed building sensors within skin substitutes for robotics, modeling skin mechanics and neural dynamics of mechanotransduction, and predicting response timing of action potentials for vibration. The effort here is unique because it accounts for skin elasticity by measuring force within simulated skin, utilizes few free model parameters for parsimony, and separates parameter fitting and model validation. Additionally, the ramp-and-hold, sustained stimuli used in this work capture the essential features of the everyday task of contacting and holding an object. Methods This systems integration effort computationally replicates the neural firing behavior for a slowly adapting type I (SAI afferent in its temporally varying response to both intensity and rate of indentation force by combining a physical force sensor, housed in a skin-like substrate, with a mathematical model of neuronal spiking, the leaky integrate-and-fire. Comparison experiments were then conducted using ramp-and-hold stimuli on both the spiking-sensor model and mouse SAI afferents. The model parameters were iteratively fit against recorded SAI interspike intervals (ISI before validating the model to assess its performance. Results Model-predicted spike firing compares favorably with that observed for single SAI afferents. As indentation magnitude increases (1.2, 1.3, to 1.4 mm, mean ISI decreases from 98.81 ± 24.73, 54.52 ± 6.94, to 41.11 ± 6.11 ms. Moreover, as rate of ramp-up increases, ISI during ramp-up decreases from 21.85 ± 5.33, 19.98 ± 3.10, to 15.42 ± 2.41 ms. Considering first spikes, the predicted latencies exhibited a decreasing trend as stimulus rate increased, as is

  8. Environmental impact assessment of radionuclide and metal contamination at the former U site at Kadji Sai, Kyrgyzstan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lind, O C; Stegnar, P; Tolongutov, B; Rosseland, B O; Strømman, G; Uralbekov, B; Usubalieva, A; Solomatina, A; Gwynn, J P; Lespukh, E; Salbu, B

    2013-09-01

    During 1949-1967, a U mine, a coal-fired thermal power plant and a processing plant for the extraction of U from the produced ash were operated at the Kadji Sai U mining site in Tonsk district, Issyk-Kul County, Kyrgyzstan. The Kadji Sai U legacy site represents a source of contamination of the local environment by naturally occurring radionuclides and associated trace elements. To assess the environmental impact of radionuclides and trace metals at the site, field expeditions were performed in 2007 and 2008 by the Joint collaboration between Norway, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan (JNKKT) project and the NATO SfP RESCA project. In addition to in situ gamma and Rn dose rate measurements, sampling included at site fractionation of water and sampling of water, fish, sediment, soils and vegetation. The concentrations of radionuclides and trace metals in water from Issyk-Kul Lake were in general low, but surprisingly high for As. Uptake of U and As was also observed in fish from the lake with maximum bioconcentration factors for liver of 1.6 and 75, respectively. The concentrations of U in water within the Kadji Sai area varied from 0.01 to 0.05 mg/L, except for downstream from the mining area where U reached a factor of 10 higher, 0.2 mg/L. Uranium concentrations in the drinking water of Kadji Sai village were about the level recommended by the WHO for drinking water. The (234)U/(238)U activity ratio reflected equilibrium conditions in the mining pond, but far from equilibrium outside this area (reaching 2.3 for an artesian well). Uranium, As and Ni were mainly present as low molecular mass (LMM, less than 10 kDa) species in all samples, indicating that these elemental species are mobile and potentially bioavailable. The soils from the mining sites were enriched in U, As and trace metals. Hot spots with elevated radioactivity levels were easily detected in Kadji Sai and radioactive particles were observed. The presence of particles carrying significant amount of

  9. Environmental impact assessment of radionuclide and metal contamination at the former U site at Kadji Sai, Kyrgyzstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 1949–1967, a U mine, a coal-fired thermal power plant and a processing plant for the extraction of U from the produced ash were operated at the Kadji Sai U mining site in Tonsk district, Issyk-Kul County, Kyrgyzstan. The Kadji Sai U legacy site represents a source of contamination of the local environment by naturally occurring radionuclides and associated trace elements. To assess the environmental impact of radionuclides and trace metals at the site, field expeditions were performed in 2007 and 2008 by the Joint collaboration between Norway, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan (JNKKT) project and the NATO SfP RESCA project. In addition to in situ gamma and Rn dose rate measurements, sampling included at site fractionation of water and sampling of water, fish, sediment, soils and vegetation. The concentrations of radionuclides and trace metals in water from Issyk-Kul Lake were in general low, but surprisingly high for As. Uptake of U and As was also observed in fish from the lake with maximum bioconcentration factors for liver of 1.6 and 75, respectively. The concentrations of U in water within the Kadji Sai area varied from 0.01 to 0.05 mg/L, except for downstream from the mining area where U reached a factor of 10 higher, 0.2 mg/L. Uranium concentrations in the drinking water of Kadji Sai village were about the level recommended by the WHO for drinking water. The 234U/238U activity ratio reflected equilibrium conditions in the mining pond, but far from equilibrium outside this area (reaching 2.3 for an artesian well). Uranium, As and Ni were mainly present as low molecular mass (LMM, less than 10 kDa) species in all samples, indicating that these elemental species are mobile and potentially bioavailable. The soils from the mining sites were enriched in U, As and trace metals. Hot spots with elevated radioactivity levels were easily detected in Kadji Sai and radioactive particles were observed. The presence of particles carrying significant amount of

  10. Inventario de excitación y ansiedad sexual ampliado (SAI-E): subescalas por derivación factorial

    OpenAIRE

    Aluja Fabregat, Antón; Torrúbia, Rafael

    1994-01-01

    Se realiza un análisis de componentes principales de las escalas de Excitación y Ansiedad del SAI-E a fin de derivar subescalas que proporcionen mejor y más información sobre el contenido del cuestionario. Los factores obtenidos mantienen una gran afinidad con los resultados de Chambless. Las subescalas de Excitación se encuentran muy correlacionadas con las variables de frecuencia de coito, frecuencia de masturbación y con un listado de variedad de conductas sexuales (Bentler). Las subescala...

  11. Avaliação dos Efeitos Toxicológicos e Ambientais de Nanopartículas de Sais de Prata

    OpenAIRE

    Francielle Tatiana Mathias; Marco Aurelio Romano; Renata Marino Romano

    2014-01-01

    As nanopartículas de sais de prata são compostos muito utilizados nas indústrias farmacêuticas e de cosméticos, além de seu uso hospitalar. Sua utilização, tanto em produtos comerciais como na medicina, e sua importante correlação com a saúde pública e meio ambiente despertaram grande interesse em ações diretas e indiretas sobre o ser humano. Particularmente as nanopartículas de sais de prata têm sido muito utilizadas como antimicrobianos na desinfecção de materiais...

  12. Searching for Warm Waters at the Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellerin, L.; Schnabel, G. R.; Schnabel, E.; Moscoso, K. M.; Brophy, P.

    2013-12-01

    The Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji is a Zen Center located in Lake County, CA about 2 km east of the Geysers Geothermal plant. The well-known Geysers geothermal system is a deep, hot system spanning an area of approximately 78 square km that provides electricity for ~60% of the power demand for coastal California north of the Golden Gate Bridge. Not surprisingly this region also is rich in hot springs used for bathing and spas. This study was undertaken to locate shallow, warm waters to be used at the Zen Center. The 300-acre Zen Center is situated on the Franciscan Formation, complex and typically chaotic assemblage of metasedimentary and volcanic rocks that dominate the geology of the California Pacific Coast Ranges. The principal water source at the Center flows at 20-25 l/min, at a temperature of 21 degree C, and a pH of 7.7. This spring has a mineral profile that corresponds to exposures to temperatures of approximately 65 degree C. A seep excavated into a slope about 4.5 m below the level of an adjacent meadow, revealed an increase in water temperature to 24 degrees C. This moderate temperature increase is consistent with deep, warm water mixing with cooler surface waters. Another source of warm water was identified at a seasonally productive seep producing up to about 50 l/min in the winter months, but dry in the summer. A well drilled on the basis of a low-resistivity anomaly revealed by an electrical resistivity survey produced 21 degree C water at a rate of~90 l/min, but was only drilled to a depth of 45 m upon encountering basalt. A second well, located nearby (15 m distant) and drilled to 260 m, was dry. Due to the ambiguous nature of the initial exploration program a detailed audiomagnetotelluric survey was undertaken using the Geometrics Stratagem system to aid in finding a stable source of warm water. Two-dimensional inverse models derived from these AMT soundings delineated several local structures. These models, interpreted in conjunction with surficial

  13. Robust Selection Criteria for Dropping Tolerances in Power Sparse Approximate Inverse (PSAI) Preconditioning and Static SAI Preconditioning

    CERN Document Server

    Jia, Zhongxiao

    2012-01-01

    Dropping tolerance criteria play a key role in the power sparse approximate inverse (PSAI) preconditioning and many other sparse approximate inverse (SAI) preconditioning techniques, such as all the static F-norm minimization based SAI preconditioning procedures. However, such criteria have received little attention and have often been treated heuristically in such a way: If an entry is below some empirically small quantity in magnitude, then it is considered to be small and set as zero in these techniques. The meaning of "small" is vague and loose and has not been considered rigorously and systematically. It has not been clear how dropping tolerances affect the quality and effectiveness of a preconditioner $M$. In this paper, a solid theory on robust selection criteria is established for PSAI in this paper. It serves two important purposes, one of which is to guarantee the non-singularity of $M$ and make it as sparse as possible and the other is to simultaneously make $M$ have comparable preconditioning qual...

  14. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%. PMID:12425101

  15. Internationalizing Geography Education: A Focus on India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solem, Michael; Balachandran, Chandra Shekhar

    2014-01-01

    The Association of American Geographers (AAG), through its Center for Global Geography Education (CGGE) project, recently published a collection of online educational resources examining important geographic issues affecting people, places, and environments in India. The resources were created by a delegation of high school teachers and academic…

  16. Cultivating new ryōsai kenbo : St. Agnes' School in the Meiji period

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Shuangli; 陳霜麗

    2015-01-01

    This thesis examines the contribution and influence that American Protestant missionary girls’ schools had on Japanese women’s education during the Meiji period. Between 1868 and 1912, over thirty missionary girls’ schools were established. These schools had the primary aim of introducing Christianity to Japanese female students. However, at the same time, they provided young women with opportunities for schooling outside of their families and played a pioneering role in promoting “Western en...

  17. American Religion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田甜

    2008-01-01

    It is said that American religion,as a great part of American culture,plays an important role in American culture. It is hoped that some ideas can be obtained from this research paper,which focuses on analyzing the great impact is produced to American culture by American religion. Finally, this essay gives two useful standpoints to English learners:Understunding American religion will help understand the American history, culture and American people,and help you to communic.ate with them better. Understanding American religion will help you understand English better.

  18. Development and validation of predictive MoSaiCo (Modello Statistico Combinato on emergency admissions: can it also identify patients at high risk of frailty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Falasca

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The prospective historical cohort study develops and validates a method of identifying patients at high risk of emergency admission to hospital in the population of the Province of Ravenna (no. = 296 641. The main outcome measure is: emergency hospital admission analyzed using multivariate logistic regression (MoSaiCo - Modello Statistico Combinato. To validate the findings, the coefficients for 30 most powerful variables found on half of the population (derivation data set were then applied to the rest of the population (validation data set. The key predicting factors included some demographic variables, social variables, clinical variables and use of health/social services. Discriminatory power and validation both reached good results. Risk score increases when variables indicating the individual vulnerability raise. The predictive frailty risk resulting from MoSaiCo allows to stratify the population, to organize care services, to provide a practical planning tool in the field of case management and management of frail patients.

  19. Library and Information Science Education in India: A Historical Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Krishan Kumar; Jaideep Sharma

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents a historical perspective of Library and Information Science (LIS) education in India, and traces the growth and development of the subject. LIS education began under the patronage of the erstwhile Maharaja of Baroda when he invited an American librarian to set up public libraries in the state. After independence, Library Associations in the country continued with the efforts of developing LIS education in India. The discipline got recognition with the introduction of variou...

  20. Prevalence of diabetic complications in rural Goa, India

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Nafisa C; Ferreira, A.M.; Kulkarni, M S; Vaz, Frederick S; N R Pinto

    2011-01-01

    Objective : To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated diabetic complications in rural Goa, India. Materials and Methods: A community-based study was carried out in a rural setting in Goa, India. About 1,266 participants were selected by systematic random sampling. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire and were subjected to anthropometric, clinical evaluation and biochemical investigations. American Diabetes Association criteria ...

  1. Validación de la versión para Colombia de la Escala de Evaluación de Introspección Expandida (SAI-E en sujetos con trastornos afectivos y psicóticos* Validation of the Colombian Version of Scale for Assessment of Insigth Expanded Version (SAI-E in Subjects with Mood and Pychotic Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiola Navarro Marún

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Aunque la introspección es un concepto fundamental en psiquiatría, no tiene una defi nición precisa. Para estudiar y entender mejor este fenómeno se ha usado ampliamente la Escala para Evaluación de Introspección-Expandida (SAI-E, porque es de fácil aplicación y ha demostrado buenas propiedades psicométricas. Objetivo: Validar la SAI-E para su uso en pacientes con trastornos psiquiátricos de Colombia. Método: La SAI-E fue traducida y retrotraducida por expertos en inglés y español, y dichas traducciones fueron revisadas por psiquiatras con experiencia en psicopatología y psicosis. Luego, la escala fue aplicada a 146 pacientes hospitalizados con diagnósticos de esquizofrenia, trastorno esquizoafectivo, trastorno afectivo bipolar y episodio depresivo mayor. Resultados: Se obtuvo una versión clara y clínicamente útil, fácil de aplicar por parte de profesionales de la salud mental. Esta versión mostró una adecuada consistencia interna, reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba e interevaluador, y sensibilidad al cambio. En el análisis factorial exploratorio se encontraron tres dominios (conciencia de enfermedad, conciencia de los síntomas y aceptación del tratamiento farmacológico, similares a los propuestos por los autores originales de la SAI-E. Conclusión: La versión para Colombia de la SAI-E tiene buenas propiedades psicométricas. Su uso en investigación puede contribuir a un mejor entendimiento transcultural de las alteraciones de la introspección entre pacientes psiquiátricos.Introduction: Although insight is a crucial concept in psychiatry, its precise defi nition remains elusive. The Scale for the Assessment of Insight Expanded Version (SAI-E is a scale that has been widely used and has demonstrated good psychometric properties and it is easy to apply. Objective: To validate the SAI-E for its use among patients with psychiatric disorders from Colombia. Methods: the SAI-E was translated and backtranslated

  2. Induction of resistance to Penicillium digitatum in tangerine fruit cv. Sai Num Phung flavedo by hot water treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirisopha Inkha

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The effects of hot water treatment (HWT were investigated for enhancing host resistance to green mold rot causedby Penicillium digitatum. Tangerine fruits cv. Sai Num Phung were dipped in hot water at 50±2°C for 3 minutes and 55±2°Cfor 2 and 3 minutes after inoculation with P. digitatum and then stored at 4±2C with 90±5% relative humidity for 30 days. Theresults showed that the HWT remarkably delayed the onset of disease infection, reduced the number of infected fruits andlowered the severity of infection (lesion diameter. The chitinase and -1,3-glucanase activities in flavedo tissues of treatedfruits increased after storage for 15 days, but activity of peroxidase increased after storage for 25 days, compared with untreatedand uninoculated fruits. The protein patterns of tangerine fruit peels treated with HWT appeared to have 112.20 and100.00 kDa proteins only on the fifth day of storage which indicated that HWT led to heat stress circumstances in the fruitpeel tissue and induced biochemical changes. The protein patterns of HWT treated fruit at 22.39 kDa exhibited thicker bandcompared to untreated and uninoculated fruit peels. The findings indicated that HWT reduced disease incidence partly byinducing defence mechanism in the fruit peel tissue.

  3. India: Large and Small

    OpenAIRE

    Amartya Sen

    2007-01-01

    The past and present of India can be seen in many different perspectives. There is a case for focusing particularly on the long history of the argumentative tradition in India, and its continuing relevance today. The intellectual largeness of India links closely with the reach of our argumentative tradition. There are lots of economic and political issues which needs urgent attention. [Lecture at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi].

  4. 76 FR 62343 - Certain Lined Paper Products From India: Notice of Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... FR 66349 (October 28, 2010. (Initiation Notice).\\2\\ \\1\\ Abhinav Paper Products Pvt. Ltd.; American... Critical Circumstances Determination: Certain Lined Paper Products from India, 71 FR 45034, 45035 (August 8... Countervailing Duty Orders: Certain Lined Paper Products from India and Indonesia, 71 FR 56949 (September...

  5. The India Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul-Alim, Jamaal

    2012-01-01

    Even though lawmakers in India don't seem likely to pass any laws that would enable foreign universities to set up shop in India anytime soon, opportunities still abound for institutions of higher learning in the United States to collaborate with their Indian counterparts and to engage and recruit students in India as well. That's the consensus…

  6. Comparison of self-esteem scores: American and Indian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, P C; Hillman, S B; Sawilowsky, S S

    1995-04-01

    The Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory was administered to 112 African American adolescents who were academically at-risk for dropping out of high school. Results were similar to those of a previous study comparing a heterogeneous group of 100 American adolescents with 100 youths from India. Differences on scores of self-esteem for the two international groups were noted. PMID:7667445

  7. China's India Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Qian

    2008-01-01

    Over the past 50 years, with the improvement of relationship between India and China, the scope of India studies in China's IR research has been broadened and the new areas of studies are being explored. The research agenda of India studies has already extended to the areas like economy, society, culture, security, national strategy and their impact on both bilateral and international relations. In this situation, the focuses of India studies in China's IR research can be mainly identified as follows: reviews on India's social, political and economic systems; analysis on the national strategy and foreign policy; Sino-Indian relations; India's relations with some international organizations. However, even though many fresh progresses have been made in India studies, the India studies in China's IR research still lag far behind the study of other important countries like the U.S., UK, Russia and Japan, and more problems and challenges will face in the coming future. The paper believes that a fuller understanding of India probably will not make China and India close friends, but it definitely will help to prevent them from becoming fierce enemies.

  8. Modelagem da intrusão da água de um rio com diferentes concentrações de sais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel C. Marino

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Para considerações de intrusão de água em meio subterrâneo a capilaridade, também entendida como força de sucção, é uma grandeza física que influencia a dinâmica do processo. Neste trabalho é apresentada uma investigação do comportamento do escoamento subterrâneo e as interações entre água doce e água salinizada na área de descarga de um rio. Objetivou-se realizar uma modelagem preditiva para identificar e representar o processo de intrusão das águas de um rio meio ao lençol freático comparando diferentes concentrações de sais nas águas do rio e águas subterrâneas. Como modelo conceitual foi definido um rio em região de descarga. A modelagem foi realizada no software SUTRA sendo o método de solução por elementos finitos. Observou-se a formação de uma camada de água doce sobre o lençol freático salinizado quando considerada intrusão de água doce. Para as considerações com intrusão de água salinizada foi identificada a formação de fingers. Os resultados do modelo possibilitaram identificar que a intrusão de água doce no lençol freático salinizado é dificultada pela presença de sais. A intrusão é mais difícil quanto maior a concentração de sais nas águas subterrâneas.

  9. American Exceptionalism as a Problem in Global History

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Allen

    2013-01-01

    The causes of the USA's exceptional economic performance are investigated by comparing American wages and prices with wages and prices in Great Britain, Egypt, and India. Habakkuk's views on the causes of American industrial pre-eminence are reassessed. While the USA had abundant natural resources, they did not promote manufacturing since international trade equalized prices in Britain and the USA or American tariffs made resources dearer in the USA. Wages were higher in the USA than in Brita...

  10. Biometria em plantas de noni sob irrigação com águas salinas e lixiviação dos sais do solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Gustavo de Luna Souto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A utilização de água com teor salino elevado está se tornando uma alternativa à produção agrícola mundial, mas, para isso, há necessidade de tecnologias que reduzam os impactos no solo e no rendimento das culturas, como o emprego de lixiviação dos sais do solo ou o uso de espécies tolerantes à salinidade. Nessa direção, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o crescimento de plantas de noni (Morinda citrifolia L. submetidas à irrigação e lavagem do solo com águas de salinidade crescente. O experimento foi desenvolvido em ambiente telado do Centro de Ciência Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Paraíba em Areia, PB, em blocos casualizados, com quatros repetições e duas plantas por parcela, usando o arranjo fatorial 5×2, referente a cinco valores de condutividade elétrica das águas de irrigação (0,5; 1,5; 3,0; 4,5; 6,0 dS m-1, combinados com presença e ausência de drenagem para a lavagem do solo e lixiviação dos sais. O aumento da condutividade elétrica das águas de irrigação elevou o caráter salino do solo para valores que comprometeram o crescimento biométrico e a produção de biomassa total das plantas de noni, independentemente da ausência ou presença de lixiviação dos sais, mas, com maior severidade, em todas as variáveis, no solo sem drenagem. As plantas do solo sem lixiviação dos sais não sobreviveram à irrigação com água de salinidade estimada de 5,28 dS m-1, não cresceram adequadamente em altura, diâmetro caulinar, emissão de folhas e área foliar e produziram baixos níveis de biomassa sob irrigação com água de condutividade elétrica 4,5 dS m-1.

  11. Writing Histories of Disability in India: Strategies of Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckingham, Jane

    2011-01-01

    Existing historical understandings of disability are dominated by European and American experience and tend to assume Judeo-Christian ideas of stigma and exclusion are universal norms. This paper emphasises the unique experience of disability in India and the role of poverty, gender, caste and community in compounding the marginalisation felt by…

  12. Economic Change in India

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Cagliarini; Mark Baker

    2010-01-01

    India has become an increasingly important part of the global economic landscape over the past decade. Its economy has become more open to international trade, its workforce is growing strongly and the rate of investment has picked up following economic reforms. The strong growth of the Indian economy has also seen a significant deepening of the trade relationship between Australia and India, with India now the third largest destination for Australia’s exports.

  13. India - India's growing conflict between trade and transport : issues and options

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Hans Jurgen

    1990-01-01

    India was a rather marginal participant in world trade during the early years after independence. Since 1980, however, the structure and orientation of Indian export trades have undergone fundamental changes. Substantial progress has been made in diversifying the export base - manufactured goods have increased and the traditional bulk sector has shrunk. Key targets for the export of manufactured goods are the European, Japanese and North American markets. However, these markets are characteri...

  14. Effect of low-dose irradiation upon T cell subsets involved in the response of primed A/J mice to SaI cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A/Jax (A/J) mice primed to Sarcoma I (SaI) exhibit an augmented response in association with low-dose (0.15 Gy) irradiation. This phenomenon is best demonstrated in tumour neutralization (Winn assay) or cell transfer experiments utilizing mice depleted of thymus-derived (T) cells. It is particularly dependent upon the duration of priming and the growth characteristics of the tumour in the primary host. The importance of these two variables appears to relate to their influence upon the cell types responsible for the host response, and includes both an effector and a suppressor component. Radiation-induced inhibition of the suppressor component appears responsible for low-dose augmentation and results in injury to a T cell of the Lyt-1-2+ phenotype. In Winn assays employing equal numbers of immune spleen cells and SaI cells, the smallest tumours are associated with Lyt-1-positive (Lyt-1+2- and Lyt-1+2+) cells and exposure to 0.15 Gy markedly inhibits their anti-SaI activity. Thus, even though the effect is in the opposite direction, both the effector and suppressor components of the anti-SaI response in A/J mice are exceedingly radiosensitive. (author)

  15. Is India the Exception?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Storm, Rasmus K.

    2013-01-01

    in international sport events a similar impact of extraordinary growth rates has been almost totally absent in the case of India. Is India an exception? Several econometric studies have shown that income per capita is a significant variable explaining elite sport results such as results in the Olympic Games. From...

  16. AREVA in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India is the sixth largest energy consumer in the world and its demand is rising rapidly. To support its economic growth, estimated to be 8% on average over the last three years and to ensure access to electricity for all, the country foresees massive investments in its power sector over the next five years. India is therefore an essential market for the AREVA Group, where its Transmission and Distribution division plays a leading role on the strategic grid modernization market. This document presents: 1 - the economic situation in India: Key figures, Growth, India's growing need for electricity, India's energy sources and policy: current mix, driving role of the State, the financial reorganization of the SEBs, the 'Mega-Power' projects, the electricity act, the rural electrification program, the Investments. 2 - Civil nuclear energy: a strong potential for development; 3 - India's transmission and distribution network: the power challenge of the transmission network, the efficiency challenge of the distribution network. 4 - AREVA T and D in India: AREVA T and D profile, Areva's presence in India, market share, T and D customers and flagship projects

  17. Hydropower development in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saxena, Praveen [Govt. of India, New Delhi (India). Ministry of New and Renewable Energy], E-mail: psaxena_98@yahoo.com; Kumar, Arun [Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand (India). Alternate Hydro Energy Centre], E-mail: aheciitr@gmail.com

    2011-04-15

    India is posed for large deployment of hydropower in present conducive policy and investment environment. Growing energy demand and concern for carbon emission is making hydropower development more favorable. The Government of India is ensuring a good performance of the new SHP stations by linking the incentives to the SHP developers with the performance of the station. (author)

  18. India's African Engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Peter

    The exceptionally fast growth of big economies like China and India has resulted in a new-found interest in the economic and political consequences of this growth for the developed economies. Recently, traditional donors’ concern that ‘emerging’ donors were re-emerging on the development scene was...... addressed. This kicked off a quest among donor agencies, think tanks and researchers alike to identify and establish the doings of these ‘emerging’ donors. To date, however, China has received most attention while the doings of other donors like India, Brazil and South Africa have remained virtually...... invisible. This ARI describes India’s current engagement in Africa and analyses the reasons why India once again puts Africa high on its political agenda. It argues that the development cooperation and in particular the 2008 India-Africa summit is a way to brand India anew....

  19. India and the NPT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India's nuclear development has been accompanied by a dual track strategy of developing and building weapons while criticising the non-proliferation regime as discriminatory and simultaneously making public statements and proposals in favour of nuclear disarmament. But with international progress likely on aspects of nuclear disarmament over the next few months, India will be in the spotlight at the forthcoming 2010 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference to help move the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda forward. This article proposes that India meet this challenge by announcing specific commitments on permanently ending nuclear testing and plutonium production for weapons by a set date. In the course of reaching this conclusion, the article traces the history of India's role in the development of the international non-proliferation regime, its proposals on disarmament, and also its relationship with the United States with respect to India's nuclear development and ambitions. (author)

  20. Nuclear India: a dream gone sour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India has the fastest growing nuclear programme in the world. Initially American and Canadian technology was used and reactors built to western designs. Now, however, India is self sufficient over all the fuel cycle from uranium mining to waste processing. Reactors are built to Indian design. This article, based on information collected for a television programme shown in the UK in September 1992, claims that workers in the nuclear industry and people living near nuclear plant are knowingly exposed to very high radiation levels. This has resulted in many deaths and congenital abnormalities in children. The industry is surrounded by secrecy and no information is given to those who work in it; military stockpiling for nuclear weapons is suspected. (UK)

  1. Peeter Tammearu sai preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Karl Adra nimelise preemia esimene laureaat on Ugala teatri peanäitejuht Peeter Tammearu. Adra-nimeline preemia antakse draamanäitlejale, kelle korrektne eesti keel, kõnekultuur ja sõnumi selgus kõige paremini publikuni jõuab

  2. Tartu Supilinn sai detailplaneeringu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Supilinna detailplaneering kehtestati 2004. a. detsembris. 2001. a. toimunud VI rahvusvahelise arhitektuurivõistluse "Europan" Tartu linna pakutud võistlusalal tunnistati võidutööks soome arhitektide Johanna Vuorineni ja Esa Kangase "Haven"

  3. Tiina Piisang sai preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    III rahvusvaheline köitekunstisümpoosion 14.-21. XI Vilniuses. Avati näitus "Raamat". Preemiad: I - Anne Giordani, Prantsusmaa, II - Isabelle Poitras, Kanada, III - Tiina Piisang, ergutuspreemia - Duda Rimantas, Leedu. Eestist osalevad väljapanekul veel Silvi Kalda, Marje Kask, Külli Veelaid, Zhanna Zhuravel, Elin Kard, Piret Männa. Odette Drapeau Kanadast tutvustas kalanaha kasutamisvõimalusi raamatuköitmisel

  4. Eesti film sai auhindu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Anu Auna film "Vahetus" võitis Rooma sõltumatu filmi festivalil (Rome Independent Film Festival) parima välismaise lühifilmi preemia ning Olga ja Priit Pärna "Elu ilma Gabriella Ferrita" Lissaboni animafilmide festivalil Monstra eripreemia

  5. Kaerajaani graafika sai disainipreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti disainigentuur Loovvool pälvis Tallinnas Raekoja platsil asuva rahvusrestorani Kaerajaan visuaalse identiteedi kujundamise eest Saksamaal välja antava rahvusvahelise disainipreemia Red Dot 2008

  6. Energy in India's Future: Insights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lesourne, J.; Ramsay, W.C.; Jaureguy-Naudin, Maite; Boillot, Jean-Joseph; Autheman, Nicolas; Ruet, Joel; Siddiqui, Zakaria; Zaleski, C. Pierre; Cruciani, Michel

    2009-07-01

    's economy and the actors who are now present in the energy sector. The third chapter, by Joel Ruet and Zakaria Siddiqui, who live in India, presents a view that is more inclusive of realities on the ground in India. It is interesting to compare the areas in which the second and third chapters share opinions and those in which disagreements appear. The final chapter, by C. Pierre Zaleski and Michel Cruciani, is dedicated to India's nuclear projects and experiences after the signing of the Indo-American nuclear treaty

  7. India's future: it's about jobs

    OpenAIRE

    Geoffrey N. Keim; Beth Anne Wilson

    2007-01-01

    Projections of sustained strong growth in India depend importantly on the utilization of the huge increase in India's working-age population projected over the next two decades. To date, however, India's economic growth has been concentrated in high-skill and capital-intensive sectors, and has not generated strong employment growth. In this paper, we highlight the tension between India's performance in output and employment, describe the characteristics of India's demographic dividend, and di...

  8. American ginseng

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Some research suggests that taking a specific American ginseng extract called CVT-E002 (Cold-FX, Afexa Life Sciences, ... AD-fX, Afexa Life Sciences, Canada) containing American ginseng extract in combination with ginkgo leaf extract might help ...

  9. THE SOCIALIST PARTY IN INDIA AND ITS POLITICS

    OpenAIRE

    S. D. PAWAR

    2013-01-01

    It was the opinion of the Socialist Party that India had found a non-violent way of fighting against Britain (the U.K.) and American imperialism and capitalism. The Socialist Party had decided to take the people on this line. The Socialist Party was led by Jayprakash Narayan and other farsighted revolutionary leaders. India had found a new way of fighting an unarmed revolution which was going on for last 30 years under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The socialists and Jayprakash Narayan th...

  10. Hepatitis C in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ashis Mukhopadhya

    2008-11-01

    Hepatitis C is an emerging infection in India and an important pathogen causing liver disease in India. The high risk of chronicity of this blood-borne infection and its association with hepatocellular carcinoma underscores its public health importance. Blood transfusion and unsafe therapeutic interventions by infected needles are two preventable modalities of spread of hepatitis C infection. In addition, risk factor modification by reducing the number of intravenous drug users will help curtail the prevalence of this infection. This review summarizes the extent, nature and implications of this relatively new pathogen in causing disease in India.

  11. Health Care in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BM Hegde

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The modern medical facilities in India are of such good quality that the National Health Service of the UK is negotiating with many corporate hospitals in India to get their patients on the long waiting lists to be flown to India for elective surgery. Be that as it may, health is not contigent on the availability of medical technology but contigent on basic provisions; clean water, three square meals a day, freedom from the effects of pollution and the skills to earn a living.

  12. Biometria em plantas de noni sob irrigação com águas salinas e lixiviação dos sais do solo

    OpenAIRE

    Antônio Gustavo Luna Souto; Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante; Antonio João de Lima Neto; Francisco de Oliveira Mesquita; João Batista dos Santos

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO A utilização de água com teor salino elevado está se tornando uma alternativa à produção agrícola mundial, mas, para isso, há necessidade de tecnologias que reduzam os impactos no solo e no rendimento das culturas, como o emprego de lixiviação dos sais do solo ou o uso de espécies tolerantes à salinidade. Nessa direção, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o crescimento de plantas de noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) submetidas à irrigação e lavagem do solo com águas de salinidade crescente. ...

  13. Appreciation of“Meditateing on the Past on Xi Sai Mountain”%《西塞山怀古》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹创

    2014-01-01

    Tang Dynasty poet Liu Yuxi is best known for his poetry of meditateing on the past on.“meditateing on the past on Xi Sai mountain”is one of them,he thinked a consolidation of the regime depends on the popular sentiment and national unity,by recalingl past events, contacting things nowadays.%中唐诗人刘禹锡最为人称道的是他的怀古诗,《西塞山怀古》就是其中之一,诗人通过追怀往事,联系今事,认为一个政权的巩固靠的是人心所向和国家统一。

  14. India's nuclear doctrine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At a time when the world is rife with speculation about India's nuclear programme, India's nuclear doctrine presents an informed and lucid account of the country's nuclear policy since 1948, through Pokhran I and Pokhran II. The book traces the origin and proliferation of nuclear weapons in the world beginning with the first test by USA in 1945, and the eventually cataclysmic use of the atom bomb over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The author argues effectively that while remaining committed to its advocacy of complete nuclear disarmament, India is only too aware of its need to maintain nuclear deterrence so long as weapons of this nature remain with the other nuclear powers. World peace, however, is lndia's priority and the author makes a dynamic case for the claim that the weapons of nuclear India are no threat to international peace and security

  15. A summer in India.

    OpenAIRE

    Weir, E

    1996-01-01

    An elective in India, during which she provided palliative care for a young girl, taught medical student Erica Weir several lessons about health care that she would never have learned during an elective in Canada.

  16. Is India the Exception?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus; Storm, Rasmus K.

    India is still the extreme under-achiever in international sport competitions. Whereas in China high growth rates have been accompanied by a huge improvement in its ranking in international sport events a similar impact of extraordinary growth rates is seemingly totally absent in the case of India....... Is India an exception? Several econometric studies have shown that income per capita is a significant variable explaining elite sport results such as results in the Olympic Games. From this stylized fact follows the hypothesis that 'above/below average' growth rates lead to relative improvements....../deterioration of elite sport results (with a time lag)’. However, this has not previously been tested, and the contingencies explaining the seemingly widely different developments in countries such as China and India have not been explored. This paper tests the above hypothesis by means of a study of the...

  17. Liver transplantation in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narasimhan, Gomathy; Kota, Venugopal; Rela, Mohamed

    2016-07-01

    Liver transplantation as an established form of treatment for end-stage liver disease has gained acceptance in India over the last 10 years. Liver transplantation in India has unique features that have contributed to the growth of both deceased donor and living donor transplantations of which living donor currently dominates the picture. Living donor contributes to 80% and deceased donor to 20% of the liver transplants currently performed in India. The majority of these transplants are performed within the private sector with public sector hospitals lagging behind significantly. This article gives an overview of the evolution of liver transplantation in India and the potential future challenges. Liver Transplantation 22 1019-1024 2016 AASLD. PMID:27082718

  18. Avaliação dos Efeitos Toxicológicos e Ambientais de Nanopartículas de Sais de Prata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francielle Tatiana Mathias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available As nanopartículas de sais de prata são compostos muito utilizados nas indústrias farmacêuticas e de cosméticos, além de seu uso hospitalar. Sua utilização, tanto em produtos comerciais como na medicina, e sua importante correlação com a saúde pública e meio ambiente despertaram grande interesse em ações diretas e indiretas sobre o ser humano. Particularmente as nanopartículas de sais de prata têm sido muito utilizadas como antimicrobianos na desinfecção de materiais hospitalares, desodorantes, materiais dentários, em próteses internas e cateteres intravenosos, e tem possibilitado a contaminação humana e ambiental. Seus efeitos, concentrações perigosas e valores aceitáveis como contaminante demandam estudos. Sua instabilidade frente a interações com outros produtos as torna de grande interesse em relação à contaminação e persistência no ambiente. Diversos trabalhos produzidos em nossos laboratórios demonstram a atividade desreguladora endócrina de vários produtos químicos contaminantes ambientais e prejudiciais à saúde humana. Deste modo buscou-se um levantamento das principais formas de uso, seus riscos e efeitos toxicológicos para a saúde pública e meio ambiente.

  19. La meditación en la Luz Sai Baba como performance ritual: acceso corpóreo-experimental a dios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Puglisi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve e analisa uma prática característica de grupos argentina devotos de Sai Baba, também conhecida como Meditação na Luz. Caracterizamos-a como uma performance ritual onde, também, encontramos representações simbólicas em torno á corporalidade que chamamos geografia corporal. Examinamos como se constrói a eficácia ritual em dita pratica, e se argumenta que esta performance é eficaz porque contribui para modificar a pessoa á lograr seu objetivo espiritual fundamental (a fusão com Deus. Neste ponto, contrastamos este tipo de meditação com as clássicas meditações metafísicas cartesianas. Finalmente, destaca se a relevância da inclusão da dimensão corporal performática na analise dos fenômenos religiosos.This article describes and analyzes a typical practice of Argentine devout groups of Sai Baba, known as Meditation on the Light. We characterize that as a ritual performance in which we find symbolic representations around the corporality, we call it corporal geography. We examine how the ritual efficacy is formed in this practice and argue that this performance is effective because contribute in the person modification to the success of this priority spiritual objective, (the fusion with God, at this point we contrast this kind of meditation with the classics Cartesians Metaphysics Meditations. Finally we bring into relief the inclusion of the corporal-Performatic dimension in the analysis of the religious phenomenon.

  20. English for Employability: India

    OpenAIRE

    Perez-Gore, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    This paper situates the issue of employability skills in India in relation to the world economic changes and their impact on the job market. An overview of the last decade's government policies shows numerous initiatives trying to address the skills gap. In 2013, large scale India-based employability studies started to show the criticality of the skills situation in the Indian upcoming workforce (Wheebox 2013, Aspiring Minds 2014). This summary from the latest reports has been frequently quot...

  1. Unleashing science in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagla, Pallava

    2009-04-01

    With a population of over 1.1 billion people, of whom 714 million are entitled to vote, elections in India are complex affairs. In the next general election, which begins on 16 April, there will be more than 828 000 polling stations, where some 1.3 million electronic voting machines will be used in what will be the world's largest electronic election. The machines themselves were built and designed in India.

  2. CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Devaraj Dutta

    2014-01-01

    The problem of child labour is a deep socio-economic problem faced by almost all countries of the world. It, however, is a serious problem mostly of the developing as well as under developing countries. Infact, children particularly from low-income countries are being exploited on the global market for monetary gains. This problem also is a big social problem in India as India still falls under the category of developing nations. Various studies have made it very clear that a ...

  3. ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FACING INDIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DR.J.P.Semwal

    2004-01-01

    India is among one of the ten most industrialized nations in the world. Increase in population has raisedthe urbar industrial, transport and agriculture demands which are major reasons for the degradationof the environmel condition. For India besides landand soil degradation, deforestation, low accessibilityof water, ,industrial pollution and urban congestionare the major environmental issues of priority. Theindustries that generate huge quantities ofwaste are thermal power station, Iron and SteelPlants, Sugar, Paper and Fertilizer Industries.

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FACING INDIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DR.J.P.Semwal

    2004-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION India is among one of the ten most industrialized nations in the world. Increase in population has raised the urbar industrial, transport and agriculture demands which are major reasons for the degradation of the environmel condition. For India besides land and soil degradation, deforestation, low accessibility of water, ,industrial pollution and urban congestion are the major environmental issues of priority. The industries that generate huge quantities of waste are thermal power station, Iron and Steel Plants, Sugar, Paper and Fertilizer Industries.

  5. Investment Climate in India

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Rataj

    2013-01-01

    Today India is one of the most popular destinations for FDI location for investors from all over the world. Factors that affect this situation include: sustained for several years, high rates of economic growth entailing an increase in domestic purchasing potential of the country, relatively cheap labor, rich base of young and skilled workforce. The advantage of of India is also supported by the fact that the official language is English, and the government of the country is committed to attr...

  6. Women Empowerment in India

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak, Purusottam; Mahanta, Bidisha

    2009-01-01

    The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of women empowerment in India using various indicators like women’s household decision making power, financial autonomy, freedom of movement, political participation, acceptance of unequal gender role, exposure to media, access to education, experience of domestic violence etc based on data from different sources. The study reveals that women of India are relatively disempowered and they enjoy somewhat lower status than that of men in spit...

  7. History of Nuclear India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaturvedi, Ram

    2000-04-01

    India emerged as a free and democratic country in 1947, and entered into the nuclear age in 1948 by establishing the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), with Homi Bhabha as the chairman. Later on the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was created under the Office of the Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru. Initially the AEC and DAE received international cooperation, and by 1963 India had two research reactors and four nuclear power reactors. In spite of the humiliating defeat in the border war by China in 1962 and China's nuclear testing in 1964, India continued to adhere to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. On May 18, 1974 India performed a 15 kt Peaceful Nuclear Explosion (PNE). The western powers considered it nuclear weapons proliferation and cut off all financial and technical help, even for the production of nuclear power. However, India used existing infrastructure to build nuclear power reactors and exploded both fission and fusion devices on May 11 and 13, 1998. The international community viewed the later activity as a serious road block for the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; both deemed essential to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. India considers these treaties favoring nuclear states and is prepared to sign if genuine nuclear disarmament is included as an integral part of these treaties.

  8. Public Health Education in India and China: History, Opportunities, and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Bangdiwala, Shrikant I; Joseph D. Tucker; Sanjay Zodpey; Griffiths, Sian M.; Li-Ming Li; K. Srinath Reddy; Cohen, Myron S.; Miriam Gross; Kavya Sharma; Jin-Ling Tang

    2011-01-01

    Public health education in China and India has a long history that has been both deeply responsive to the unique needs and medical traditions of each country, and sensitive to global influences. The history of public health education in China reaches back several centuries, with substantial input from American and European organizations during the Republican Era, 1911-1949. In India, centuries-old health care traditions were influenced during the colonial period by the British Empire prior to...

  9. Womb Outsourcing: Commercial Surrogacy in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankford, David M; Bennington, Linda K; Ryan, Jane Greene

    2015-01-01

    Infertility affects more than 7 million American couples. As traditional treatments fail and the costs of hiring a surrogate increase in the United States, transnational commercial surrogacy becomes a feasible alternative for many couples. Infertile couples may opt for this choice after reading enticing Internet advertisements of global medical tourism offering "special deals" on commercial surrogacy. This is particularly true in India where couples from the United States can purchase transnational surrogacy for less than one-half or even one-third of the costs in the United States, including the cost of travel. The majority of surrogate mothers in India come from impoverished, poorly educated rural areas of India. Commercial surrogacy offers the lure of earning the equivalent of 5 years of family income. This multidisciplinary review of the literature suggests that the issue of commercial surrogacy is complex and influenced by a number of factors including expensive infertility costs, ease of global travel, and the financial vulnerability of Indian commercial surrogate mothers and their families. Questions are being raised about decision making by the surrogate mother particularly as influenced by gender inequities, power differentials, and inadequate legal protection for the surrogate mother. More research is needed to understand commercial surrogacy, especially research inclusive of the viewpoints of the Indian mothers and their families involved in these transactions. PMID:26110574

  10. India. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1994 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickler, Paul

    This curriculum packet on politics and international relations in India contains an essay, three lessons and a variety of charts, maps, and additional readings to support the unit. The essay is entitled "India 1994: The Peacock and the Vulture." The lessons include: (1) "The Kashmir Dispute"; (2) "India: Domestic Order and International Affairs, A…

  11. American Dream in Early American Literatuer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈彩娥; 李小玺

    2008-01-01

    American dream has often been closely rehted to American literature.Many say that the American literary history can be seen as the history of American dreams.In most periods in history,writers,whose dreams have been infused in a variety of characters create the American literature.While in Early American literature,American dream had been presented in a dif-ferent way.

  12. American Culture Reflected in American English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华芳

    2013-01-01

    Language is a vehicle for culture. It is also a key component of culture. It not only reflects culture but also influences culture. As a variety of British English, American English, especially American words and expressions can reflect American culture from many aspects. This paper studies some typical traits of American culture reflected in words and expressions of American Eng-lish.

  13. Orientalism and India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jukka Jouhki

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article Orientalism, a special hegemonic discourse about "the Orient" by Europeans is discussed by focusing on how it is manifested in a "Western" view of India. Orientalism as a discourse about the Orient is a concept first coined by Edward Said in his book Orientalism (1978 and contains a long history of European way of relating to the Orient as a counterpart of European/Western culture. In this article Orientalist discourses about India by hegemonically Western (and particularly Anglo-Saxon sources are portrayed and the so-called Indo-Orientalist essentialism defining Indianness from the outside analyzed. Moreover, a Indo-Orientalism as an imported ideology to be used in Indian nationalist discourses to emphasize a dichotomy between India and "the West" is discussed.

  14. Critical care in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udwadia, F E; Guntupalli, K K; Vidyasagar, D

    1997-04-01

    India is a vast democracy of nearly one billion people. Before the British rule ended in 1947, the life span of an Indian was a mere 21 years. Within a short span of 50 years, it increased to an impressive 63 years, largely due to public health measures initiated by the government. This created a pool of more than 300 million middle class Indians who could afford the benefits of modern and specialized care when needed. Critical care medicine, as practiced in the West, is still confined to large Metropolitan areas. A large pool of expatriate Indian physicians from all over the world are helping bridge the resource gap between the West and India by transfer of technology and providing appropriate training to physicians and paramedical personnel. This article describes the history and current status of development of critical care medicine in India. PMID:9107510

  15. Pharmacovigilance programme of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalaiselvan Vivekanandan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The monitoring and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs through pharmacovigilance is vital to patient safety and rational prescribing. In India, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO initiated Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI to report ADRs through ADRs monitoring centres in India. Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC is functioning as National Coordination Centre (NCC for PvPI. The ADRs are reported to NCC through VigiFlow by various centres are evaluated and committed to Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden. The potential benefit of the PvPI is aimed to reducing or eliminating a harm of medicine. Continuous efforts of the healthcare professionals and the patients are expected to make this as one of the most successful and effective programmes. The present article updates the status and future plan of PvPI.

  16. Fortification of Foods with Vitamin D in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu G

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent in India, despite abundant sunshine. Fortification of staple foods with vitamin D is a viable strategy to target an entire population. Vitamin D fortification programs implemented in the United States and Canada have improved the vitamin D status in these countries, but a significant proportion of the population is still vitamin D deficient. Before fortification programs are designed and implemented in India, it is necessary to study the efficacy of the American and Canadian vitamin D fortification programs and then improve upon them to suit the Indian scenario. This review explores potential strategies that could be used for the fortification of foods in the Indian context. These strategies have been proposed considering the diverse dietary practices necessitated by social, economic, cultural and religious practices and the diverse climatic conditions in India. Fortification of staple foods, such as chapati flour, maida, rice flour and rice, may be more viable strategies. Targeted fortification strategies to meet the special nutritional needs of children in India are discussed separately in a review entitled, “Fortification of foods with vitamin D in India: Strategies targeted at children”.

  17. CRESCIMENTO E OXIDAÇÃO DE EXPLANTES DE BANANEIRA PRATA (Musa AAB) IN VITRO: IV. CONCENTRAÇÕES DE SAIS, ÁCIDOS ASCÓRBICOS E FREQÜÊNCIA DE SUBCULTIVOS

    OpenAIRE

    UTINO SERGIO; CARNEIRO IRAÍDES FERNANDES; CHAVES LÁZARO JOSÉ

    2001-01-01

    Avaliaram-se diferentes concentrações de sais do meio MS (Murashige & Skoog, 1962), freqüência de subcultivos e adição de ácido ascórbico ao meio de cultura, objetivando o controle da oxidação de explantes de bananeira-'Prata' (Musa AAB) na fase de estabelecimento. Os tratamentos constituíram-se das diluições dos sais do meio MS (100%, 50% e 33,33%), subcultivos (a cada 7 dias, a cada 14 dias e a cada 28 dias) e ácido ascórbico (0 e 25 mg L-1). O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente cas...

  18. SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bano Rubeena

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The epidemic of substance abuse in young generation has assumed alarming dimensions in India. Changing cultural values, increasing economic stress and dwindling supportive bonds are leading to initiation into substance use. Cannabis, heroin, and Indian-produced pharmaceutical drugs are the most frequently abused drugs in India. Drug use, misuse or abuse is also primarily due to the nature of the drug abused, the personality of the individual and the addict’s immediate environment. The processes of industrialization, urbanization and migration have led to loosening of the traditional methods of social control rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modern life.

  19. Tobacco control in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chaly Preetha

    2007-01-01

    Portuguese introduced tobacco to India 400 years ago. Ever since, Indians have used tobacco in various forms. Sixty five per cent of all men and 33% of all women use tobacco in some form. Tobacco causes over 20 categories of fatal and disabling diseases including oral cancer. By 2020 it is predicted that tobacco will account for 13% of all deaths in India. A major step has to be taken to control what the World Health Organization, has labeled a ′smoking epidemic′ i...

  20. Tobacco control in India.

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Legislation to control tobacco use in developing countries has lagged behind the dramatic rise in tobacco consumption. India, the third largest grower of tobacco in the world, amassed 1.7 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 1990 due to disease and injury attributable to tobacco use in a population where 65% of the men and 38% of the women consume tobacco. India's anti-tobacco legislation, first passed at the national level in 1975, was largely limited to health warnings and prov...

  1. India's energy options

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India''s energy sources primarily are based on coal and hydel, both of which are indigenously available. Availability of the third source of energy by way of liquid fuels is very limited as it meets only 40 percent of the actual requirements. With import of 60 percent of petroleum products, it has already created a problem for the government to meet the import bill. Therefore it is time we examine the whole spectrum of energy availability and arrive at a policy which will not retard the country''s economic progress in the long run or even short run

  2. India China Supply Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Danendran, Rahul

    2014-01-01

    This research report addresses the topic of India China supply chain. This study would be looking at the existing policies among the China India trade and a real life scenario of this trade will be analysed. By conducting this study, the current situation of trades can be put forward and it will give an idea to what extent trade policies are useful when it comes to trading and to what extent the policies aid the bottlenecks faced by a trader. The objectives of the research are to understa...

  3. Marine Archaeology in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh

    history of mankind. The underwater heritage of India, in the form of sub- merged cities and sunken ships spans a period of around 4000 years or more. The best efforts of S.R. Rao helped initiate this interdisciplinary subject in NIO (National Institute... and discov- ered remains of an early civilisation. NIO has carried out both onshore and offshore explorations along the East and West Coast of India in order to locate submerged ports, coastal cities and shipwrecks. Objectives and Sources of Marine...

  4. American Houses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梦华

    2004-01-01

    American houses usually have private kitchens,a living room and sometimes separate areas for eating and watching television,A house usually has its own mailbox,a yard with plants or perhaps a lawn,and a place to store garbage out of sight.

  5. American Headache Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Us American Migraine Foundation Login THE AMERICAN Headache Society is a professional society of health care providers dedicated to the study ... MIGRAINE MOMENT” FILM CONTEST WINNERS The American Headache Society and American Migraine Foundation, the AHS’s charitable division, ...

  6. Cancer and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Population Profiles > Black/African American > Cancer Cancer and African Americans African Americans have the highest mortality rate ... 65MB] At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2008-2012) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100, ...

  7. American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Info » Voice, Speech, and Language American Sign Language On this page: What is American Sign Language? ... signs "I love you." What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex ...

  8. Planting Trees in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswald, James M.

    Reforestation is desperately needed in India. Three-fourths of the country's ground surface is experiencing desertification, and primitive forests are being destroyed. Reforestation would help moderate temperatures, increase ground water levels, improve soil fertility, and alleviate a wood shortage. In the past, people from the United States, such…

  9. A Passage to India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.

    2012-01-01

    theoretical model that combines resource-based theory and international business network theory. It aims to investigate how determinants of the offshore outsourcing process contribute to the resource stocks of client firms. Based on two longitudinal case studies of offshore outsourcing to India, the study...

  10. Welcome to India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    India is a large country with 5,000 years of history. It is virtually a continent by itself.It is located in South Asia between Pakistan,China and Nepal. On its northern border lies the Himalayan Mountains, the highest

  11. Natural gas in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contains Executive Summary and Chapters on: Country background; Overview of the energy sector; Natural gas supply; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas demand; Outlook-government policy reform and industry development, and Appendices on Global and regional energy and gas trends; Overview of India's investment policy, incentives and regulation; The ENRON Dabhol power project. (Author)

  12. CAPTURED India Country Evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Donoghue, R.; Brouwers, J.H.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    This report provides the findings of the India Country Evaluation and is produced as part of the overall CAPTURED End Evaluation. After five years of support by the CAPTURED project the End Evaluation has assessed that results are commendable. I-AIM was able to design an approach in which health fol

  13. WOMEN STATUS IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    A. Prema

    2012-01-01

    This paper tries to explain the development of women movement in India and the status of women during the Vedic period and British period. It also tries to explain the position of women on the basis of socioeconomic – political empowerment.

  14. Vocationalising Education in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacheti, A. K.; Ray, S.

    Since India gained its independence in 1947, three important commissions have examined the issue of educational reform. The first (in 1948) recommended a vocational emphasis in the intermediate (predegree) courses without sacrificing emphasis on preparation for university education. In 1954, the Secondary Education Commission resulted in the…

  15. GREEN BANKING IN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.G. KHAWASPATIL

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable enlargement can best be achieved by permitting markets to work within an appropriate framework of cost efficient regulations and economic instruments. One of the major economic agents influencing overall industrial activity and economic growth is the financial institutions such as banking sector. In a globalised economy, the industries and firms are vulnerable to stringent environmental policies, severe law suits or consumer boycotts. Since banking sector is one of the major stake holders in the Industrial sector, it can find itself faced with credit risk and liability risks. Further, environmental impact might affect the quality of assets and also rate of return of banks in the long-run. Thus the banks should go green and play a pro-active role to take environmental and ecological aspects as part of their lending principle, which would force industries to go for mandated investment for environmental management, use of appropriate technologies and management systems. This paper explores the importance of Green Banking, sites international experiences and highlights important lessons for sustainable banking and development in India. However, we find that there has not been much initiative in this regard by the banks and other financial institutions in India though they play an active role in India's emerging economy. Therefore, we suggest possible policy measures and initiative to promote green banking in India.

  16. Calendars of India

    OpenAIRE

    Mishra, Vinod K.

    2010-01-01

    This short monograph is devoted to different historical calendars prevalent in India from ancient times. They are classified and described with astronomical and historical details. Relationship of the calendrical elements to modern astronomical terminology has been explained. A proposal is outlined for modifying the calendar for removing inconsistencies and improving its accuracy.

  17. Demographics of pediatric burns in Vellore, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Light, Timothy D; Latenser, Barbara A; Heinle, Jackie A; Stolpen, Margaret S; Quinn, Keely A; Ravindran, Vinitha; Chacko, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    The American Burn Association, Children's Burn Foundation, and Christian Medical College in Vellore, India have partnered together to improve pediatric burn care in Southern India. We report the demographics and outcomes of burns in this center, and create a benchmark to measure the effect of the partnership. A comparison to the National Burn Repository is made to allow for generalization and assessment to other burn centers, and to control for known confounders such as burn size, age, and mechanism. Charts from the pediatric burn center in Vellore, India were retrospectively reviewed and compared with data in the American Burn Association National Burn Registry (NBR) for patients younger than 16 years. One hundred nineteen pediatric patients with burns were admitted from January 2004 through April 2007. Average age was 3.8 years; average total body surface area burn was 24%: 64% scald, 30% flame, 6% electric. Annual death rate was 10%, with average fatal total body surface area burn was 40%. Average lengths of stay for survivors was 15 days. Delay of presentation was common (45% of all patients). Thirty-five of 119 patients received operations (29%). Flame burn patients were older (6.1 years vs 2.6 years), larger (30 vs 21%), had a higher fatality rate (19.4 vs 7.7%), and more of them were female (55 vs 47%) compared with scald burn patients. Electric burn patients were oldest (8.3 years) and all male. When compared with data in the NBR, average burn size was larger in Vellore (24 vs 9%). The mortality rate was higher in Vellore (10.1 vs 0.5%). The average mortal burn size in Vellore was smaller (40 vs 51%). Electric burns were more common in Vellore (6.0 vs 1.6%). Contact burns were almost nonexistent in Vellore (0.9 vs 13.1%). The differences in pediatric burn care from developing health care systems to burn centers in the US are manifold. Nonpresentation of smaller cases, and incomplete data in the NBR explain many of the differences. However, burns at this

  18. India's population in transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visaria, L; Visaria, P

    1995-10-01

    This demographic profile of India addresses fertility, family planning, and economic issues. India is described as a country shifting from economic policies of self-reliance to active involvement in international trade. Wealth has increased, particularly at higher educational levels, yet 25% still live below the official poverty line and almost 66% of Indian women are illiterate. The government program in family planning, which was instituted during the early 1950s, did not change the rate of natural increase, which remained stable at 2.2% over the past 30 years. 1993 marked the first time the growth rate decline to under 2%. The growth rate in 1995 was 1.9%. The total population is expected double in 36 years. Only Nigeria, Pakistan, and Bangladesh had a higher growth rate and higher fertility in 1995. India is geographically diverse (with the northern Himalayan mountain zone, the central alluvial plains, the western desert region, and the southern peninsula with forest, mountains, and plains). There are regional differences in the fertility rates, which range from replacement level in Kerala and Goa to 5.5 children in Uttar Pradesh. Fertility is expected to decline throughout India due to the slower pace of childbearing among women over the age of 35 years, the increase in contraceptive use, and increases in marriage age. Increased educational levels in India and its state variations are related to lower fertility. Literacy campaigns are considered to be effective means of increasing the educational levels of women. Urbanization is not expected to markedly affect fertility levels. Urban population, which is concentrated in a few large cities, remains a small proportion of total population. Greater shifts are evident in the transition from agriculture to other wage labor. Fertility is expected to decline as women's share of labor force activity increases. The major determinant of fertility decline in India is use of family planning, which has improved in access

  19. Integrating candidate metabolites and biochemical factors to elucidate the action mechanism of Xue-sai-tong injection based on (1)H NMR metabolomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Miaomiao; Zhao, Xiaoping; Wang, Linli; Xu, Lei; Zhang, Yan; Li, Zheng

    2016-07-15

    A strategy of integrating candidate metabolites with crucial biochemical factors was proposed in this study to discover relevant biological functions for interpreting the action mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). This approach was applied to Xue-Sai-Tong injection (XST) to reveal the action mechanism based on the metabolic response in an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rat model by analyzing NMR profile. Partial least squares discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) was used to compare metabolic profiles of serum samples and revealed nine metabolites altered by I/R injury could be restored to normal status (sham-operated group) under the therapy of XST. The pathway enrichment analysis suggested the metabolic changes were mainly involved in pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, and citrate cycle. The functional roles of the candidate metabolites were further identified by Pearson correlation analysis with the key biochemical factors in serum. The results indicated pyruvate, succinate, acetate and lysine showed significant associations with the oxidative stress factors. Elevated level of pyruvate was found as an essential metabolic response for the major effect of XST against I/R injury by enhancing glycolysis and overcoming the induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). This metabolomics approach provides a better understanding of the mechanisms of TCM and helps to develop a holistic view of TCM efficacy. PMID:26862062

  20. Characterization and classification or the first meteorite fall in Varre-Sai town, southeast Brazil, using X-ray microfluorescence technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Haimon D.L. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Assis, Joaquim T. de, E-mail: joaquim@iprj.uerj.b [Instituto Politecnico do Rio de Janeiro (IPRJ/UERJ), Nova Friburgo, RJ (Brazil); Valeriano, Claudio [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia; Turbay, Caio [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), Alegre, ES (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia

    2011-07-01

    On the night of June 19th, 2010, a meteorite fell nearby the town of Varre-Sai, Rio de Janeiro state, southeast Brazil. A small part of it was found and taken for analysis. A meteorite analysis can give researchers a better understanding of the origins of the Universe. However, some of the most traditionalist methods of characterization and classification of meteorites are destructive. In this paper we present the results of a chemical analysis and classification of this particular meteorite using X-ray microfluorescence ({mu}XRF), a non-destructive technique that allows for a quick and easy elemental analysis within the range of micrometers. Both sides of the meteorite were measured, 35 points in total, using Artax, a state of the art {mu}XRF system developed by Bruker, at 50 kV tension and 700 {mu}A current. Quantitative analysis using direct comparison of counting rates method showed concentrations of iron and nickel together of roughly 7.86%. We found that it is possible to distinguish this meteorite from most of the categories as an ordinary L-type chondrite but a more thorough analysis might be necessary so as to obtain a more detailed classification. (author)

  1. Renewable energy in India; Duurzame energie in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schilt, R.C.A. [DWA Installatie- en energieadvies, Bodegraven (Netherlands); Menon, R.M. (ed.)

    1998-01-01

    India is considered to be, more or less, one of Asia's economic tigers. The expectation is that India's energy consumption will increase dramatically. The Indian government's policy is aimed at giving renewable energy sources a considerable role in the energy supply in the near future. India is already one of the top three countries in the use of wind energy, and the former British colony has several hydro-electric power plants.

  2. India dokfilmide paremik jõuab taaralinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tartus täna algavatest India dokumentaalfilmide päevadest, mida korraldavad Maailmafilmi festival, Eesti Rahva Muuseum ja organisatsioon Films For Freedom India. Lisatud nimekiri "India dokfilmi päevad"

  3. Traveling with Cognitive Tests: Testing the Validity of a KABC-II Adaptation in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malda, Maike; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari; Transler, Catherine; Sukumar, Prathima

    2010-01-01

    The authors evaluated the adequacy of an extensive adaptation of the American Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (KABC-II), for 6- to 10-year-old Kannada-speaking children of low socioeconomic status in Bangalore, South India. The adapted KABC-II was administered to 598 children. Subtests showed high reliabilities, the…

  4. Nuclear power in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Claim for economic superiority of the nuclear power over the coal-based thermal power is advanced on various grounds by the authorities concerned with organization of atomic energy in India. This claim is critically examined. At the outset, it is pointed out that data on cost of nuclear power available to the Indian researchers for detailed and rational analysis of the problem are limited only to whatever appears in official publications and are not adequate for working out reasonable cost estimates for scrutiny. Available official data are summarised. Taking into account the cost factors related to capital outlay, fuel input, transportation of fuel supplies and disposal of nuclear wastes from nuclear power plants, it is shown that the superiority of the nuclear power over the thermal one on economic grounds is not established in India in the present context. (M.G.B.)

  5. Severe Flooding in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Floods devestated parts of eastern India along the Brahmaputra River in June 2000. In some tributaries of the Brahmaputra, the water reached more than 5 meters (16.5 feet) above flood stage. At least 40 residents died, and the flood waters destroyed a bridge linking the region to the rest of India. High water also threatened endangered Rhinos in Kaziranga National Park. Flooded areas are shown in red in the above image. The map was derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data taken on June 15, 2000. For more information on observing floods with satellites, see: Using Satellites to Keep our Head above Water and the Dartmouth Flood Observatory Image by the Dartmouth Flood Observatory

  6. Hemovigilance Program-India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akanksha Bisht

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A centralized hemovigilance program to assure patient safety and to promote public health has been launched for the first time in India on Dec 10, 2012 in 60 medical colleges in the first phase along with a well-structured program for monitoring adverse reactions associated with blood transfusion and blood product administration. National Institute of Biologicals (NIB will be the National Coordinating Centre for Hemovigilance. This program will be implemented under overall ambit of Pharmacovigilance Program of India (PvPI, which is being coordinated by Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC. All medical colleges of the country will be enrolled in this program by the year 2016 in order to have a National Centre of Excellence for Hemovigilance at NIB, which will act as a global knowledge platform.

  7. Jacob Chandy: pioneering neurosurgeon of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Jacob; Mathai, K V; Rajshekhar, Vedantam; Narayan, Raj K

    2010-09-01

    Jacob Chandy, who passed away in 2007 at the age of 97, was born into a deeply religious Christian family in Kerala, South India. After obtaining his medical education at the Madras Medical College, Madras, he serendipitously came to work with Dr Paul Harrison, a renowned medical missionary, in the Gulf state of Bahrain. Harrison urged Chandy to pursue training in the fledgling specialty of neurosurgery in North America. Chandy received his neurosurgical training at the Montreal Neurological Institute with Wilder Penfield and in Chicago with Theodore Rasmussen. At Harrison's urging, Chandy decided to return to India after completing his training to work at the Christian Medical College in Vellore. Thus, it was in 1949 that Chandy established the first neurosurgery department in south Asia in Vellore. He initiated the first neurosurgical training program in India at the Christian Medical College in 1957, with a distinct North American neurosurgical tradition. He went on to train nearly 20 neurosurgeons, many of whom set up new departments of neurosurgery in their home states. Chandy also had several other remarkable achievements to his credit. Despite the pressures of clinical practice, he insisted on fostering both basic and clinical neurosciences within his department, an arrangement that persists to this day in the Department of Neurological Sciences at the Christian Medical College, Vellore. As the Principal (Dean) of the Christian Medical College, Chandy displayed his skills as a medical educator and administrator. In this role, he was instrumental in starting specialty training programs in several other medical and surgical disciplines. His greatest legacies survive in the form of the department that he founded and his trainees and their students who have helped to establish neurosurgery all over the country. PMID:20647965

  8. Crisis, Imbalances, and India

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Rajiv; Vashisht, Pankaj

    2011-01-01

    With the revival of global economy, the issues of “exit policies” and rebalancing global growth have taken center stage in policy discussions. Since many emerging Asian economies presently have large current account surpluses, the issue of rebalancing has special significance for Asia. While India, like other Asian economies, suffered only an indirect impact from the financial crisis, its current policy challenges appear to be different from those facing the People’s Republic of China (PRC) a...

  9. Greening India's Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Mani, Muthukumara S.

    2014-01-01

    India’s sustained and rapid economic growth offers an opportunity to lift millions out of poverty. But this may come at a steep cost to the nation’s environment and natural resources. This insightful book analyzes India’s growth from an economic perspective and assesses whether India can grow in a “green” and sustainable manner. Three key issues are addressed. The first is the physical and...

  10. Financial Growth in India

    OpenAIRE

    M. Mahadeva

    2008-01-01

    Ever since the enactment of the Cooperative and Regional Rural Banks Acts and nationalisation of scheduled commercial banks, financial inclusion measures in India have led to physical expansion in the country. Unfortunately, the expansion has not brought about the necessary change in the backward and rural areas as financial services are yet to reach a vast majority of the population. The financial exclusion is characterised by limited service providers, limited goals and limited lending, bes...

  11. India Shadow Report

    OpenAIRE

    HAQ Centre for Child Rights HAQCRC

    2013-01-01

    The gains made since ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) are plenty, but the reality of children’s situation is disturbing on many counts calling for urgent and serious attention. India may recognize its 41% child population3 as a demographic dividend, but cannot harp on it for too long if it fails to secure every right for every child. [HAQ CRC].

  12. Cancer notification in India

    OpenAIRE

    Lakshmaiah, K. C.; B Guruprasad; Lokesh, K. N.; V S Veena

    2014-01-01

    In many developed countries, notification of cancer cases is compulsory. Developing countries including India accounts for more than half of new cancer cases in the world, however notification of cancer is not yet mandatory. The primary purpose of notification is to effect prevention and control and better utilization of resources. It is also a valuable source for incidence, prevalence, mortality and morbidity of the disease. Notification of cancer will lead to improved awareness of common et...

  13. Corporate governance in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chakrabarti, Rajesh; William L. Megginson; Yadav, Pradeep K.

    2007-01-01

    This study describes the Indian corporate governance system and examines how the system has both supported and held back India's ascent to the top ranks of the world's economies. While on paper the country's legal system provides some of the best investor protection in the world, enforcement is a major problem with slow, over-burdened courts and significant corruption. Ownership remains concentrated and family business groups continue to be the dominant business model. There is significant py...

  14. FINANCIAL LITERACY IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ravikumar, R.; S.D. SIVAKUMAR; M. JAWAHARLAL; N. Venkatesa Palanichamy; D. Sureshkumar

    2013-01-01

    Financial literacy is gaining importance in recent years as number new products have been continuously offered in the financial markets. Whatever the type of business such as corporates, small business and family run business the financial management is vital important. Financial literacy enables the efficient financial management ultimately results in increased profitability and reduces cost. The global researchers indicated that, India is least financially literate country. Keeping these th...

  15. India's draft nuclear doctrine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India's draft nuclear doctrine and its nuclear and missile testing are a response to recent international, regional and domestic developments. Nehru's policy of nuclear disarmament, non-discriminatory international arrangements and unilateral restraint has been overturned in favour of self-reliant security and negotiated nuclear restraints. The draft nuclear doctrine is aimed at transparency and formalization of existing capacities. It is anchored in the United Nations Charter, based on the legitimacy of self-defence and espouses minimum nuclear deterrence. After the launching of Pokhran II, the debate in India has been settled on weaponization and deployment. The doctrine is not country-specific with respect to threat perceptions, but the author posits that the long-term focus is on China and the short-term on Pakistan. The doctrine emphasizes civilian command and control. India's decision to test incurred diplomatic and other economic costs, but afforded new opportunities for the country to assert itself militarily and politically in Asia and in the world. There were no diplomatic costs in issuing the draft nuclear doctrine, but the author estimates the economic costs of a full-blown (triad) Indian nuclear deterrent. (author)

  16. ADS National Programmes: India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Initial preliminary studies in India on ADS concepts were aimed toward applications such as, one way coupled booster reactor concept, thorium burner concept, enhancement of breeding rate of thorium– fueled fast reactors, and to incinerate Pu and minor actinides discharged from heavy water and fast reactors. These studies led to a roadmap on development of ADS subsystems in India, which was chalked out initially in June 2001. It was realized in these studies that the most challenging subsystem in terms of technology development and capital investment for ADS in India would be the high intensity proton accelerator, and that it must be accomplished in phased manner. Of the two alternative accelerator types, viz. the cyclotron and linear accelerator (linac), it is concluded that only linac would provide the necessary intense beam current for ADS applications. The energy amplifier (EA) scheme, with lead (45.5%) bismuth (55.5%) eutectic (LBE) as target & coolant, which was proposed in the early nineties would be one of the desired configurations of ADS for Indian applications. Additionally, subcritical reactor core of Indian Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR), with advantages of its low fission power density, and neutron economy is also a candidate among various ADS reactor configurations. These options of ADS configurations for thorium utilization are based on the neutronic properties of 233U isotope as fissile fuel, which are more or less similar in thermal and in moderately fast neutron spectra

  17. [Child marriage in India].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, J

    1984-07-29

    Child marriages have been practiced in India for thousands of years. Even though its popularity has now decreased due to changes in law and society, it is still a major problem, causing a great deal of hardship. Even though laws prohibited child marriage as early as 1860, statistics show that, on the average, Indians marry very young (1972: females at age 17; males at age 22 years of age; 34 females and 13 males under age 15). The following are incentives to marry young and have large families: 1) religion teaches that only those with descendants go to heaven; 2) unmarried women are traditionally scorned; and 3) most importantly, economic reasons encourage people to have large families as soon as possible, e.g., male children are encouraged to marry to obtain the dowry as soon as possible and children are considered a source of income in India. Child marriage in India causes the following problems: 1) a high infant mortality rate, as much as 75% in rural areas; 2) an imbalance in the male to female ratio (1901: 970 females/1000 males; 1971: 930 females/1000 males) because women who marry young tend to lose their health earlier; 3) a population explosion: in 1971, the Indian population was found to be increasing at the rate of 225/1000. PMID:12159404

  18. Dengue in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Nivedita; Srivastava, Sakshi; Jain, Amita; Chaturvedi, Umesh C

    2012-09-01

    Dengue virus belongs to family Flaviviridae, having four serotypes that spread by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. It causes a wide spectrum of illness from mild asymptomatic illness to severe fatal dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS). Approximately 2.5 billion people live in dengue-risk regions with about 100 million new cases each year worldwide. The cumulative dengue diseases burden has attained an unprecedented proportion in recent times with sharp increase in the size of human population at risk. Dengue disease presents highly complex pathophysiological, economic and ecologic problems. In India, the first epidemic of clinical dengue-like illness was recorded in Madras (now Chennai) in 1780 and the first virologically proved epidemic of dengue fever (DF) occurred in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Eastern Coast of India in 1963-1964. During the last 50 years a large number of physicians have treated and described dengue disease in India, but the scientific studies addressing various problems of dengue disease have been carried out at limited number of centres. Achievements of Indian scientists are considerable; however, a lot remain to be achieved for creating an impact. This paper briefly reviews the extent of work done by various groups of scientists in this country. PMID:23041731

  19. Carbon taxes and India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)

    1994-07-01

    Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

  20. Shigellosis: Epidemiology in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taneja, Neelam; Mewara, Abhishek

    2016-05-01

    Shigellosis is one of the major causes of diarrhoea in India. The accurate estimates of morbidity and mortality due to shigellosis are lacking, though it is endemic in the country and has been reported to cause many outbreaks. The limited information available indicates Shigella to be an important food- borne pathogen in India. S. flexneri is the most common species, S. sonnei and non-agglutinable Shigellae seem to be steadily surfacing, while S. dysenteriae has temporarily disappeared from the northern and eastern regions. Antibiotic-resistant strains of different Shigella species and serotypes have emerged all over the world. Especially important is the global emergence of multidrug resistant Shigellae, notably the increasing resistance to third generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, and also azithromycin. This calls for a continuous and strong surveillance of antibiotic resistance across the country for periodic updation of the local antibiograms. The prevention of shigellosis is desirable as it will substantially reduce the morbidity associated with diarrhoea in the country. Public health measures like provision of safe water and adequate sanitation are of immense importance to reduce the burden of shigellosis, however, the provision of resources to develop such an infrastructure in India is a complex issue and will take time to resolve. Thus, the scientific thrust should be focused towards development of a safe and affordable multivalent vaccine. this review is focused upon the epidemiology, disease burden and the therapeutic challenges of shigellosis in Indian perspective. PMID:27487999

  1. Child maltreatment in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

    2013-11-01

    Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

  2. Shigellosis: Epidemiology in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taneja, Neelam; Mewara, Abhishek

    2016-01-01

    Shigellosis is one of the major causes of diarrhoea in India. The accurate estimates of morbidity and mortality due to shigellosis are lacking, though it is endemic in the country and has been reported to cause many outbreaks. The limited information available indicates Shigella to be an important food-borne pathogen in India. S. flexneri is the most common species, S. sonnei and non-agglutinable shigellae seem to be steadily surfacing, while S. dysenteriae has temporarily disappeared from the northern and eastern regions. Antibiotic-resistant strains of different Shigella species and serotypes have emerged all over the world. Especially important is the global emergence of multidrug resistant shigellae, notably the increasing resistance to third generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, and also azithromycin. This calls for a continuous and strong surveillance of antibiotic resistance across the country for periodic updation of the local antibiograms. The prevention of shigellosis is desirable as it will substantially reduce the morbidity associated with diarrhoea in the country. Public health measures like provision of safe water and adequate sanitation are of immense importance to reduce the burden of shigellosis, however, the provision of resources to develop such an infrastructure in India is a complex issue and will take time to resolve. Thus, the scientific thrust should be focused towards development of a safe and affordable multivalent vaccine. This review is focused upon the epidemiology, disease burden and the therapeutic challenges of shigellosis in Indian perspective. PMID:27487999

  3. Mental hospitals in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamurthy, K; Venugopal, D; Alimchandani, A K

    2000-04-01

    This review traces the history of the mental hospital movement, initially on the world stage, and later in India, in relation to advances in psychiatric care. Mental hospitals have played a significant role in the evolution of psychiatry to its present statusThe earliest hospital in India were established during the British colonial rule. They served as a means to isolate mentally ill persons from the societal mainstream and provide treatments that were in vogue at the time. Following India's independence, there has been a trend towards establishing general hospital psychiatry units and deinstitutionalization, while at the same time improving conditions in the existing mental hospitals.Since 1947, a series of workshops of superintendents was conducted to review the prevailing situations in mental hospitals and to propose recommendations to improve the same. Implementation of the Mental Health Act, 1987, and grovernmental focus upon mental hospital reform have paved way for a more specific and futuristic role for mental hospitals in planning psychiatric services for the new millenium, especially for severe mental illnesses. PMID:21407925

  4. Energy for rural India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    About 72 million households in rural India do not have access to electricity and rely primarily on traditional biofuels. This research investigates how rural electrification could be achieved in India using different energy sources and what the effects for climate change mitigation could be. We use the Regional Energy Model (REM) to develop scenarios for rural electrification for the period 2005-2030 and to assess the effects on greenhouse gas emissions, primary energy use and costs. We compare the business-as-usual scenario (BAU) with different electrification scenarios based on electricity from renewable energy, diesel and the grid. Our results indicate that diesel systems tend to have the highest CO2 emissions, followed by grid systems. Rural electrification with primarily renewable energy-based end-uses could save up to 99% of total CO2 emissions and 35% of primary energy use in 2030 compared to BAU. Our research indicates that electrification with decentralised diesel systems is likely to be the most expensive option. Rural electrification with renewable energy tends to be the most cost-effective option when end-uses are predominantly based on renewable energy, but turns out to be more costly than grid extensions when electric end-use devices are predominantly used. This research therefore elaborates whether renewable energy is a viable option for rural electrification and climate change mitigation in rural India and gives policy recommendations.

  5. Gerenciamento Adaptativo do SAI de Acácia Negra: uma abordagem sob a ótica da auto-organização sustentável

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keitiline Ramos Viacava

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o surgimento do conceito de Gerenciamento Florestal Sustentável (GFS, as agroindústrias florestais vêm sendo pressionadas a tomar decisões baseadas em princípios de sustentabilidade, impulsionando todos os demais elos da cadeia à certificação. No Brasil acontece um processo que espelha este momento no Sistema Agroindustrial de Acácia Negra. Isso ocorre, entretanto, em um contexto complexo, implicando decisões ambíguas e arriscadas no âmbito dos ecossistemas florestais. Assim, propõe-se a seguinte questão: quais ações estratégicas estão sendo adotadas pelos produtores florestais e como elas se relacionam com os riscos na gestão do SAI de Acácia Negra? O objetivo é analisar o processo de desenvolvimento e implementação de ações estratégicas capazes de promover ou desencorajar a auto-organização sustentável do sistema (i.e. certificação florestal. A fundamentação teórica inicia-se com uma perspectiva sistêmica orientada ao estudo das organizações e estratégias sustentáveis. Em seguida, integram-se discussões mais especificamente relacionadas às decisões, estratégias e riscos no âmbito da propriedade rural. Como metodologia incorpora-se a Post-normal science, com enfoque qualitativo. Como resultado, identifica-se que as ações estratégicas adotadas pelos produtores florestais estão dialogicamente relacionadas aos riscos, podendo exercer influências complementares, concorrentes e até antagônicas.

  6. Field culture of American strain of Artemia in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Royan, J.P.; Sumitra-Vijayaraghavan; Krishnakumari, L.

    Pilot scale culture of Artemia was carried out in a 0.22 ha condenser unit of salt pans. Pond was fertilized with inorganic salts. The nauplii of San Francisco Bay, USA strain were inoculated. Within a period of 5 months a production of 20.6 kg dry...

  7. India hiilgav viletsus / Andrei Hvostov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hvostov, Andrei, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Hiinat nimetatakse maailma töökojaks, Indiat aga bürooks (back office), võrdlus põhineb India IT-firmade edul - kõik tegevused, mida saab teha arvutite abil, kipuvad kolima Indiasse. Tulevikuriik India on hädas keskaegsete tavadega

  8. The Danish East India Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2005-01-01

    The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la......The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la...

  9. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalal, Ajit K.

    2011-01-01

    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  10. India and the Green Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilden, Clark G.

    In the 1960s it was predicted that famine would strike India because the country lacked the necessary resources to feed its rapidly growing population. Yet, in the 1970s and 1980s new agricultural developments occured that have helped abate the crisis. These developments comprise what is now called the Green Revolution. India's food/population…

  11. Adult Education in India & Abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Nikhil Ranjan

    A survey is made of various aspects of adult education in India since 1947, together with comparative accounts of the origin, development, and notable features of adult education in Denmark, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Needs and objectives in India, largely in the eradication of illiteracy, are set forth, and pertinent…

  12. Astronomy and Astrophysics in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narlikar, J.; Murdin, P.

    2001-07-01

    The growth in astronomy and astrophysics (A&A) in India has been mostly since the country achieved independence in 1947. The present work is carried out in a few select research institutes and in some university departments. The Astronomical Society of India has around 300 working A&A scientists as members, with another 50-60 graduate students....

  13. CDM Country Guide for India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on India

  14. Obesity and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the ... ss6304.pdf [PDF | 3.38MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  15. Viewing India from Religious Angle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Yonghui

    2004-01-01

    @@ It would be impossible to understand India without any knowledge about the religions of this country. India is a developing country with many religions, nationalities and languages. This nation has long been noted for its democratic politics and multiculture. India was founded on the principle of secularism, but at the same time it has suffered from religions. Therefore, to have a clear idea about the basic conditions of India's multiple religious beliefs is the foundation for studies of its religions of the country, and is also one key to grasping Indian social politics. In early September 2004, the Indian government published religious data from the 2001 census. Accordingly, we can make some basic judgments about the religions in today's India.

  16. Electromagnetic Education in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bajpai Shrish

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Out of the four fundamental interactions in nature, electromagnetics is one of them along with gravitation, strong interaction and weak interaction. The field of electromagnetics has made much of the modern age possible. Electromagnets are common in day-to-day appliances and are becoming more conventional as the need for technology increases. Electromagnetism has played a vital role in the progress of human kind ever since it has been understood. Electromagnets are found everywhere. One can find them in speakers, doorbells, home security systems, anti-shoplifting systems, hard drives, mobiles, microphones, Maglev trains, motors and many other everyday appliances and products. Before diving into the education system, it is necessary to reiterate its importance in various technologies that have evolved over time. Almost every domain of social life has electromagnetic playing its role. Be it the mobile vibrators you depend upon, a water pump, windshield wipers during rain and the power windows of your car or even the RFID tags that may ease your job during shopping. A flavor of electromagnetics is essential during primary level of schooling for the student to understand its future prospects and open his/her mind to a broad ocean of ideas. Due to such advancements this field can offer, study on such a field is highly beneficial for a developing country like India. The paper presents the scenario of electromagnetic education in India, its importance and numerous schemes taken by the government of India to uplift and acquaint the people about the importance of EM and its applications.

  17. Historiography, American Theatre, and the First Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Linda Walsh

    American theatre history should include a study of Native American performances, since these performances are rich with "American" symbolic materials such as imagery, symbols, and heraldic visions of animals and landscapes. Indian cultures understood the importance of performance for both the visionary and the community at large. Even the pow-wow…

  18. Efeito de sais quaternários de amônio na organofilização de uma argila bentonita nacional Effect of quaternary ammonium salts on the organophilization of national bentonite clay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Barbosa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A bentonita, composta predominantemente pelo argilomineral montmorilonita que lhe confere as propriedades físicas concentra a maior parte das reservas nacionais (62% no Estado da Paraíba. A transformação da bentonita em argila organofílica consiste em um procedimento laboratorial simples e pode ser realizada através de reação de troca dos cátions (Na+ ou Ca2+ presentes na superfície e no espaço interlamelar dos argilominerais, por cátions de sais quaternários de amônio. Neste trabalho as bentonitas organofílicas foram preparadas utilizando quatro tipos diferentes de sais quaternários de amônio, tais como: cloreto de alquil dimetil benzil amônio (Dodigen, cloreto de estearil dimetil amônio (Praepagen, cloreto de cetil trimetil amônio (Genamin e brometo de cetil trimetil amônio (Cetremide. As argilas organofilizadas foram caracterizadas por termogravimetria, difração de raios X, análise química e por fluorescência de raios X. Os resultados confirmaram a incorporação dos sais quaternários de amônio na estrutura da argila e mostraram que dois dos quatro sais quaternários utilizados, o Praepagen e o Cetremide apresentaram uma faixa maior de estabilidade térmica.Bentonite clay, mainly composed by montmorillonite that provides the physical properties, concentrates the majority of the national reserve (62% in the Paraíba State. The transformation of bentonite clay to organoclay is made with a simple laboratory procedure and this modification can be obtained by cation (Na+ or Ca2+ exchange reaction that are present on the surface and in the interlayer space of the mineral clays by quaternary ammonium salts. In this, the organoclays bentonite were preparedwith four different types of quaternary ammonium salts such as alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (Dodigen, esthearildimethylammonium chloride (Praepagen, cethyltrimethylammonium chloride (Genamin and cethyltrimethylammonium bromide (Cetremide. The organoclays were

  19. Asset Poverty in India

    OpenAIRE

    Swati Dutta

    2013-01-01

    In order to formulate policy to target the correctly identified rural poor in India, focus on an income poverty measure alone is insufficient. The purpose of this research is to study a new area of poverty measurement based on data that detail a household’s access to basic assets. The study has used the secondary data source provided by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) for the time period of 1992, 1998 and 2005. In order to construct the asset index the technique of multiple correspo...

  20. Child Abuse in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2011-01-01

    Child abuse is harm to, or neglect of, a child by another person, whether adult or child. Child abuse happens in all cultural, ethnic, and income groups. Child abuse can be physical, emotional - verbal, sexual or through neglect. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. A problem that is only beginning to come into light in India rape, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment are worldwide issues of gender violence. There is very little research done in this area i...

  1. Earth - India and Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    This color image of the Earth was obtained by the Galileo spacecraft on Dec. 11, 1990, when the spacecraft was about 1.5 million miles from the Earth. The color composite used images taken through the red, green and violet filters. India is near the top of the picture, and Australia is to the right of center. The white, sunlit continent of Antarctica is below. Picturesque weather fronts are visible in the South Pacific, lower right. This is a frame of the Galileo Earth spin movie, a 500-frame time-lapse motion picture showing a 25-hour period of Earth's rotation and atmospheric dynamics.

  2. Mathematics in India

    CERN Document Server

    Plofker, Kim

    2009-01-01

    Based on extensive research in Sanskrit sources, Mathematics in India chronicles the development of mathematical techniques and texts in South Asia from antiquity to the early modern period. Kim Plofker reexamines the few facts about Indian mathematics that have become common knowledge--such as the Indian origin of Arabic numerals--and she sets them in a larger textual and cultural framework. The book details aspects of the subject that have been largely passed over in the past, including the relationships between Indian mathematics and astronomy, and their cross-fertilizations with Islamic sc

  3. Las Indias olvidadas

    OpenAIRE

    Padrón, Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    Ya que las Islas Filipinas fueron colonizadas desde América, y fueron gobernadas durante mas que dos siglos desde el Virreinato de la Nueva España, la cartografía imperial española de esta colonia lejana solía representarla como parte de un mundo trans-pacífico, atada a la imagen cartográfica del Nuevo Mundo. Este intento involucraba otro mas ambicioso de considerar a lo que normalmente llamamos las Indias Orientales como el extremo occidente del hemisferio hispánico, un proyecto que se puede...

  4. Child Abuse in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Child abuse is harm to, or neglect of, a child by another person, whether adult or child. Child abuse happens in all cultural, ethnic, and income groups. Child abuse can be physical, emotional - verbal, sexual or through neglect. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. A problem that is only beginning to come into light in India rape, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment are worldwide issues of gender violence. There is very little research done in this area in India and only a few books have been written, keeping the subject even further from the consciousness of the country. However, the problem persists with staggering incidence, and Indians unique profile adds to the complexity of an already difficult subject. Fortunately, the issue of child sexual abuse is slowly becoming a more recognized issue, and for this reason, this paper will focus much on sexual abuse against minor children: the laws, victims, and perpetrators. Finally, an analysis of the aspects of Indian culture that make this issue particularly difficult to understand and cope with will be presented.

  5. Nuclear Medicine in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.D. Lele

    1990-10-01

    Full Text Available The regular supply of radiopharmaceuticals and radioimmunoassay kits from BARC has been an important factor in the development of nuclear medicine in India. However, a major stumbling block has been the non-availability of suitable instrumentation systems (especially the computer-assisted gamma camera at an affordable price. Two recent developments, viz., the creation of the Board of Radioisotope Technology by the Department of Atomic Energy, and the efforts of Electronic Corporation of India Ltd. to design indigenously a gamma camera with a computer attachment, hold promise for the future healthy and rapid growth of nuclear medicine in the country. Training in nuclear medicine at the post-graduate level is gradually picking up. Nuclear medicine is essentially applied physiology and biochemistry, and provides an orientation, different from those of the anatomist and physiologist. The gamma camera, SPECT and PET enable the study of dynamic metabolic function resolution to spatial and temporal resolutions. Newer developments in tagged monoclonal antibodies hold promise for a better understanding of infectious and inflammatory disease which are a burden in the developing countries.

  6. Carbon taxes and India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India's rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) open-quotes Grandfathered emissionsclose quotes: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) open-quotes Equal per capita emissionsclose quotes: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions

  7. Holocene aridification of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponton, Camilo; Giosan, Liviu; Eglinton, Tim I.; Fuller, Dorian Q.; Johnson, Joel E.; Kumar, Pushpendra; Collett, Tim S.

    2012-02-01

    Spanning a latitudinal range typical for deserts, the Indian peninsula is fertile instead and sustains over a billion people through monsoonal rains. Despite the strong link between climate and society, our knowledge of the long-term monsoon variability is incomplete over the Indian subcontinent. Here we reconstruct the Holocene paleoclimate in the core monsoon zone (CMZ) of the Indian peninsula using a sediment core recovered offshore from the mouth of Godavari River. Carbon isotopes of sedimentary leaf waxes provide an integrated and regionally extensive record of the flora in the CMZ and document a gradual increase in aridity-adapted vegetation from ˜4,000 until 1,700 years ago followed by the persistence of aridity-adapted plants after that. The oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber detects unprecedented high salinity events in the Bay of Bengal over the last 3,000 years, and especially after 1,700 years ago, which suggest that the CMZ aridification intensified in the late Holocene through a series of sub-millennial dry episodes. Cultural changes occurred across the Indian subcontinent as the climate became more arid after ˜4,000 years. Sedentary agriculture took hold in the drying central and south India, while the urban Harappan civilization collapsed in the already arid Indus basin. The establishment of a more variable hydroclimate over the last ca. 1,700 years may have led to the rapid proliferation of water-conservation technology in south India.

  8. INDIA-AFGHANISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umadevi Basavaraj Tegnoor

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available India, Afghanistan is undoubtedly a very important partner in the region to project its power status and to secure its entry into energy rich and untapped markets of Central Asia. Strategic partnership between the two countries will create an "institutional framework" so that India can help in Afghan "capacity building" in the areas of education, development and people-to-people contacts. But the real motive was to secure its entry into the market of Central Asia and to block Pakistan. India helps Afghanistan's reconstruction in light of the enduring security competition between India and Pakistan. On the one hand are those who want to expand India's presence in Afghanistan through increased Indian development projects, and expanded economic ties. India's interest in Afghanistan is Pakistan-specific on one side, but more importantly, tied to India's desire to be and to be seen as an extra-regional power moving toward great power status. Strategic partnership agreement is to support, to reconstruct Afghanistan and future commitment at a time when other countries are talking of downsizing or even complete withdrawal.

  9. What Draws Tourists to India?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张顺伍

    2005-01-01

    N E W D ELH I, India (A P)——India is fast becom ing a topdestination for tourists thanks to an forceful cam paign to push thecountry s H im alayan spas(矿泉名胜)and beaches,officials say.Tourism officials have been crisscrossing the globe as part of thegovernm ents “Incredible India” cam paign launched lastyear. A nd theresults are beginning to show.Tourists traveling to India have jum ped by nearly 26percent fromlast year and the num ber is expected to cross 3m illion this year, saidA m itabh K ant,C hairm an ...

  10. Phosphorus availability in a low pH highly weathered soil as affected by added salts Disponibilidade de fósforo num solo ácido afetada pela aplicação de sais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Ernani

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Concentration and identity of cations and anions in the soil solution may affect soil P reactions and thus P availability. The magnitude of these reactions was evaluated in this research after application of various salts to a highly weathered low pH soil. Chloride, nitrate, and sulfate salts of Na, NH4, K, Ca, Mg, Sr, or Cu were added to the soil after addition of 360mg P/kg trying to simulate ion concentrations around granules of fertilizers in the soil. Thirty days later, P was determined in the soil solution (Pli and on the solid phase (Psi. The soil samples of some treatments were leached with water and three days later a new soil solution was displaced. Separate addition of all salts increased Pli, except NaCl at the lowest rate. The increase of Pli was highly associatcd with amount of native cations displaced to the soil solution by the applied salts. Salt solubility, concentration, and sometimes identity of cation and anion also influenced Pli. Some salts decreased Psi, but this was not correlated with any soil property measured. The effects caused by salts on Pli and Psi disappeared after leaching the soil samples.A concentração eletrolítica e o tipo de cations e anions da solução do solo podem afetar as reações do fósforo com possíveis reflexos na disponibilidade de P aos vegetais. Nessa pesquisa quantificou-se o efeito de vários sais nos valores das determinações analíticas que afetam a disponibilidade de fósforo. Sais de nitrato, cloreto e sulfato foram aplicados a amostras de um alfisol ácido após a aplicação de 360mg P/kg, simulando concentrações que ocorrem no solo ao redor de grânulos de fertilizantes. Fósforo lábil (Psi e P na solução do solo (Pli foram determinados após 30 dias de incubação, antes e depois de percolar água pelo solo. Todos os sais aumentaram a concentração de P na solução do solo, exceto a menor dose de NaCl. O aumento do Pli foi correlacionado com a quantidade de cations

  11. East India Company Logbooks - Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This collection consists of images of 1,235 ship logbooks created during British East India Company voyages. Period of record 1786-1834, peaking in 1804. The...

  12. India: Project Control. Annex 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. India is a country with a long history of nuclear power development, mostly based on indigenous technology and resources. The nuclear power programme has suffered considerable delays due to technical and financial. (author)

  13. Foreign Direct Investment In India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. D. Kadam

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Economic reform programmecreate a essential radical changes which was required to encourage Indian companies to integrate India with global market .FDI become an important source of private external finance.

  14. Asian American-Pacific American Relations: The Asian American Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Sucheng

    This paper examines the migration and settlement history of Asians into the United States and the interaction of the major Asian immigrants with each other and with American society. An important thesis is that, because the differences between Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are much greater than the similarities between them, they should no…

  15. Routine immunisation in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagar, Karan S; Abdelmalik, Hashim; Wenger, Jay; Haldar, P; Goel, Naresh; Burgess, Craig

    2005-12-01

    Vaccine preventable diseases have been reduced in the country since the routine immunisation programme started in 1978 as the Expanded Programme on Immunisation, then in 1985 renamed as Universal Immunisation Programme. Re-emergence of some vaccine preventable disease is a concern to all and the Government of India has launched a new multiyear plan to strengthen the routine immunisation. A number of recommendations was made to address the weaknesses in the programme. Some newer initiatives were also made under the multiyear plan and National Rural Health Mission to strengthen the routine immunisation. The general practitioners can play a positive role while immunising children as per Universal Immunisation Programme. Routine immunisation is one of the key components of polio eradication. PMID:16821662

  16. Nuclear policy of India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses the Indian nuclear policy, doctrine, strategy and posture, clarifying the elastic concept of 'credible minimum deterrence' at the center of the country's approach to nuclear security. The Indian nuclear policy and thinking against the theories of nuclear war and strategic deterrence, nuclear escalation, and nuclear coercion, offers a strong theoretical grounding for the Indian approach to nuclear war and peace, nuclear deterrence and escalation, nonproliferation and disarmament, and to limited war in a nuclearized environment. On May 11 and 13, 1998, India tested a total of five nuclear devices in the desert stands at Pokhran. The tests caught the Indian public and the world by surprise. On other issues, while there were palpable differences of opinion in the country, the nature of the differences became progressively clearer, so that it is possible to delineate the major contending schools of thought on the future of Indian nuclear policy. (author)

  17. Comets in ancient India

    CERN Document Server

    Gupta, Patrick Das

    2014-01-01

    The Indo-aryans of ancient India observed stars and constellations for ascertaining auspicious times for sacrificial rites ordained by vedas. It is but natural that they would have recounted in the vedic texts about comets. In Rigveda ($\\sim $ 1700 - 1500 BC) and Atharvaveda ($\\sim $ 1150 BC), there are references to dhumaketus and ketus, which stand for comets in Sanskrit. Varahamihira in 550 AD and Ballala Sena ($\\sim $ 1100 - 1200 AD) have described a large number of comets recorded by ancient seers such as Parashara, Vriddha Garga, Narada, Garga, etc. In this article, I conjecture that an episode narrated in Mahabharata of a radiant king, Nahusha, ruling the heavens, and later turning into a serpent after he had kicked the seer Agastya (also the star Canopus), is a mythological retelling of a cometary event.

  18. ICT Innovation in Contemporary India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rai, Sudhanshu; Chatterjee, Sutirtha; Sarker, Suprateek

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses ICT innovation in India using a narrative framework. We argue that ICT innovation has not been a subject sufficiently researched in information systems from the perspective of innovation in developing countries. We use a grounded theory inspired approach. There are three...... narratives of innovation in India; a) the supply narrative, b) the technology narrative and c) the collaborative narrative. We trace the evolution of these narratives...

  19. Voice and Data Solutions (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Sumita Mishra; Rajen K. Gupta

    2007-01-01

    VDS Inc., based in California, US, was founded by three Indian entrepreneurs in January 2000. The company provided VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) solutions to wireless, wire line and cable service providers in the US, Europe, and recently, Asia. VDS India, based in Noida, India, was established in September 2000 as the offshore product development base of VDS Inc. The product portfolio of VDS Inc. was steadily growing and gaining recognition in the industry. As a result, the product deve...

  20. Health in India Since Independence

    OpenAIRE

    Amrith, Sunil S.

    2009-01-01

    This paper suggests that history is essential to an understanding of the challenges facing health policy in India today. Institutional trajectories matter, and the paper tries to show that a history of under-investment and poor health infrastructure in the colonial period continued to shape the conditions of possibility for health policy in India after independence. The focus of the paper is on the insights intellectual history may bring to our understanding of deeply rooted features of publi...

  1. The Posture of India's Rise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Jiali

    2006-01-01

    @@ India, a large developing country with a population of 1.1 billion,has experienced robust economic growth in recent years. As its economic power steadily builds, its military might, diplomatic the ac-tivities and even its cultural influence are expanding, resulting in its strategic rise. The international community universally believes that India has set foot on the path to become a major power.

  2. Sociology of work in India

    OpenAIRE

    Bhowmik, Sharit K.

    2004-01-01

    "This paper attempts to examine the development of sociology of work in India. It will lay greater stress on current research and will try to assess the discipline's position in academia and other fields. A brief background on the nature of Indian society, the process of industrialization in India and the subsequent emergence of studies relating to work will help in understanding the changing nature of the studies. This paper will concentrate mainly on researches related to the urban-industri...

  3. PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    M.Sathana Priya; P.Jesintha

    2011-01-01

    The article discussed the Public Private Partnership among the domestic and foreign players. The mainobjective is to assess the Public Private Partnership project in India and relationship between the foreignplayer and domestic player in PPP. So the paper concludes that the foreign players are investing withdomestic player in PPP projects. Malaysian companies are leading investors in public private partnership(PPP) projects in India, with this observation both foreign and domestic players joi...

  4. India and Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that because there is a solid consensus among Indian decision makers on keeping the nuclear weapon option open, the chance that regional denuclearization proposals will actually be accepted by both sides is obviously reduced. It is necessary to establish the objective most worth striving for and to specify the agencies of change or movement towards the established goal. Of the five Pakistani proposals mentioned above, the ratification of the NPT will receive more detailed assessment. The other three a bilateral treaty of renunciation, mutual inspection and third party verification can be subsumed within the proposal for a NWFZ. A serious commitment by India to any of these three proposals would almost certainly betoken an Indian willingness to assent to the more encapsulating and comprehensive proposal of a South Asian NWFZ. The NPT question of accession, however, is another matter. During the period when the NPT was being drafted, India expressed reservations that the counter-discriminatory provisions were inadequate. In the 1980s, Indian's objections to the treaty focused on the principle of unequal obligations, without which the USA, the Soviet Union and Britain would not have been a party to the Treaty. No doubt, this shift represents a hardening of the Indian opposition to the NPT and reflects its substantial disillusionment with it. This disillusionment may well be justified. Although the refusal of France and China to be a party to the NPT weakened the Treaty at the outset, its greatest weakness has been that it has had virtually no effect on the NWS signatories, despite a legally binding commitment to pursue disarmament. The INF Treaty, of course, cannot be attributed to the pressure, moral or otherwise, of the NPT

  5. What ails India's biodiesel programme?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With more than 95% of India's surface transport dependent on imported fossil fuel, India has made a concerted effort to promote biofuel. The newly announced biofuel policy of India stipulates a blending target of 20% for both bioethanol and biodiesel. In the case of biodiesel, complement to fossil fuel diesel, India's predominant transport fuel, this target is to be achieved by cultivating non-edible oil seed plants in wastelands and fallow land. In spite of best effort, very little progress has been made on the ground. As the result, the deadline for blending target of 20% for biodiesel has been postponed from 2011–2012 to 2006–2017. This paper makes an attempt to understand the factors behind the tardy progress in India's biodiesel scene and suggests policy remedies. - Highlights: ► Even after a decade of efforts in promoting biofuel, India's achievement does not augur well. ► Objective is to understand the factors behind tardy progress. ► Suggests policy remedies.

  6. EU-India migration and trade linkages

    OpenAIRE

    TUMBE, Chinmay

    2013-01-01

    CARIM-India: Developing a knowledge base for policymaking on India-EU migration This paper reviews the relationship between migration and trade between India and the European Union (EU). It provides an overview of EU-India trade across various dimensions and links it with migration in three specific contexts: (a) The $ 14 billion EU-India diamond trade that represents nearly 15% of total EU-India merchandise trade, and that is attributed to the direct and active role played by Indian immig...

  7. Eesti sai Arsenalsilt neli auhinda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Riia filmifestivalil Arsenals tunnistati parimaks Balti filmiks ja võitis filmiajakirjanike ühingu FIPRESCI auhinna Katrin Lauri "Surnuaiavahi tütar". Balti võistlusprogrammi parimaks dokumentaalfilmiks tunnistati Jurõ Haštšavatski film "Lobotoomia" (tootja Baltic Film Production). Ülo Pikkovi animafilm "Keha mälu" pälvis Balti võistlusprogrammi eripreemia

  8. ABTG juhtumis sai õiguse maksuamet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna ringkonnakohtu otsusest, millega jäeti rahuldamata ASi Adonis Baltic Timber Group (ABTG) kaebus maksu-ja tolliameti tegevuse peale seoses ettevõttele enammakstud käibemaksu tagastamise peatamisega revisjoni käigus

  9. "Ristiisa" Coppola sai Putinilt ordeni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa riigipea Vladimir Putin andis Kremlis USA filmirežissöörile Francis Ford Coppolale üle Kuldkotka ordeni. Režissöör kinkis vastu oma tütre Sofia Coppola mängufilmi "Tõlkes kaduma läinud" DVD

  10. Tanel Padar sai Eenmaa rolli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Riigikogu liige Ivi Eenmaa loobus rollist Salong Teatri loomingulise juhi Dajan Ahmeti poolt vändatavas mängulis-humoorikas liiklusreegleid propageerivas filmis "Inspektor Krõps". Stsenaariumis tehtud väikeste muudatuste järel võttis rolli vastu muusik Tanel Padar

  11. Tallinn 2011 sai oma margi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Post andis 9. septembril 2010 välja 2011 aasta Euroopa kultuuripealinnale Tallinnale pühendatud postmargi, mis trükiti SA Tallinn 2011 ja Eesti Posti postmargi kavandamiseks korraldatud konkursi Heino Prunsvelti võidutöö "Lost in Tallinn" järgi

  12. Planeeringute uus veebiregister sai valmis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Varasem register http://ehitus.tallinn.ee jääb projekteerimistingimuste ja ehitusprojektide jaoks, Tallinna uus planeeringute register http://tpr.tallinn.ee võimaldab kõigil huvitatutel linnaplaneerimises arvamust avaldada

  13. Sai, la gente è strana…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Di Palo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In un piccolo paesino montano del cuore del Sannio molisano, l’arrivo inaspettato di un giovane proveniente da una grande metropoli della vicina Campania genera stupore ed incredulità tra gli abitanti del comune che conta appena 600 anime. Il ragazzo, trasferitosi in un'altra realtà, di un comune e di una regione che non sono quelli a cui è propriamente abituato, per motivi prettamente legati alla propria formazione, scopre in quei luoghi che ancora sfoggiano i colori della natura scenari meravigliosi che gli stuzzicano sentimenti e sensazioni mai provate lì dove era abituato a panorami fatti di grattacieli, antenne e cemento.

  14. Presidendiproua sai proua presidendilt kepid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Soome riigivisiidi ajal kingiti proua Evelin Ilvesele Oulu firma Polar pulsimõõtja. Soome president Tarja Halonen kinkis president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja proua Evelin Ilvesele kepikõnni kepid. Vabariigi President riigivisiidil Soome Vabariiki 14.-16.03.2007

  15. Kuldmuna sai endale kandilise venna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Reklaamiagentuuride Liit kuulutas välja 2006. aasta parimad tele-, raadio-, trüki- ja välireklaamid. Loetletud Kuldmunade ja Kandiliste Munade saajad. Aasta agentuuriks nimetati reklaamibüroo Division

  16. Metropolitani muuseum sai hindamatu kingituse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    New Yorgi Metropolitani kunstimuuseumile pärandati mai alguses üks maailma paremaid 20. sajandi kunsti erakogusid. Hiljuti Mehhikos Guernavacas surnud Natasha Gelman jättis muuseumile 85 Matisse'i, Picasso, Braque'i, Balthusi, Modigliani jt. kunstnike tööd. Hinnatavamate taieste hulka kuuluvad ligi kümme Mir̤ tööd ja kaks varajast kubistlikku tööd Braque'ilt ja Picassolt. Metropolitani muuseumi direktor Philipe de Montebello tutvustab kollektsiooni

  17. Prevalence of diabetic complications in rural Goa, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafisa C Vaz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM and its associated diabetic complications in rural Goa, India. Materials and Methods: A community-based study was carried out in a rural setting in Goa, India. About 1,266 participants were selected by systematic random sampling. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire and were subjected to anthropometric, clinical evaluation and biochemical investigations. American Diabetes Association criteria were used to determine the prevalence of diabetes and standard operational definitions were used to define the diabetic complications. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 14.0 while chi-square and chi-square for trend were the tests used. Results: Among the total 1,266 study participants about 130 (10.3% were diabetics. The prevalence of the associated diabetic complications were as follows viz. neuropathy (60%, CHD (32.3% and cataract (20%, retinopathy (15.4%, peripheral vascular disease (11.5% and cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs (6.9%. A significant rising trend in the prevalence of all diabetic complications was observed with advancing duration of diabetes. Conclusion: The prevalence of DM and its associated complications was higher among the diabetic individuals in the rural setting of Goa, India. All the associated diabetic complications observed need to be addressed with appropriate prevention and control strategies.

  18. Indias keelati maal / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2000-01-01

    Dehlis kõrvaldati näituselt "Uue sajandi hääled" Surendran Nairi maal, millel Ikarose aktifiguur istub India rahvussümbolil - Ashoka sambal. Kuu varem katkestati moedemonstratsioon, mille kollektsiooni kuulus India riigilipust valmistatud kleit.

  19. American Society of Echocardiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Society of Echocardiography Join Ase Member Portal Log In Membership Member Portal Log In Join ASE Renew Benefits Rates FASE – Fellow of the American Society of Echocardiography Member Referral Program FAQs Initiatives Advocacy ...

  20. American Urogynecologic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Patient Site » PFD Registry » Contact Us American Urogynecologic Society 1100 Wayne Avenue, Suite 670 Silver Spring, MD ... Us | Privacy Policy | HONcode Accredited © 2016 American Urogynecologic Society. All rights reserved.

  1. North American Spine Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Coverage Recommendations SpineLine Renew Membership NORTH AMERICAN SPINE SOCIETY BURR RIDGE, IL 7075 Veterans Blvd. Burr Ridge, ... NASS Contact Us © Copyright 2016 North American Spine Society | Terms Of Use | Privacy Statement

  2. American Epilepsy Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Doctor | Donate main search Search American Epilepsy Society CLINICAL RESOURCES FAQs GUIDELINES IOM EPILEPSY MEDICAL MARIJUANA ... RENEW VOLUNTEER FAES: FELLOW OF THE AMERICAN EPILEPSY SOCIETY MAILING LIST PURCHASE FOR PATIENTS EPILEPSY BENEFIT INTERNATIONAL ...

  3. American Society of Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Trials in Transplantation September 13, 2016 The American Society of Transplantation and its Transplantation & Immunology Research Network ... Learn More Donate Donate Donate to the American Society of Transplantation Advertisement member spotlight View all Joanna ...

  4. American Cancer Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Involved Find Local ACS How the American Cancer Society Fights Childhood Cancer Advances in treatment have improved ... long lasting consequences. Learn how the American Cancer Society is working to save more lives from cancer ...

  5. African Americans and Glaucoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Involved News About Us Donate In This Section African Americans and Glaucoma email Send this article to ... glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in African Americans. Half of those with glaucoma don't ...

  6. American Vitiligo Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... testing. Please Visit Our Donations Page American Vitiligo Research Foundation "We Walk By Faith, Not By Sight" PO ... by Using GoodSearch Copyright 2005 - 2014 American Vitiligo Research Foundation Inc. Disclaimer: Information provided on this website is ...

  7. Obesity and Hispanic Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Data > Minority Population Profiles > Hispanic/Latino > Obesity Obesity and Hispanic Americans Among Mexican American women, 77 ... ss6304.pdf [PDF | 3.38MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  8. Obesity and Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Data > Minority Population Profiles > Asian American > Obesity Obesity and Asian Americans Non-Hispanic whites are 60% ... youthonline . [Accessed 05/25/2016] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  9. Teor de clorofila e perfil de sais minerais de Chlorella vulgaris cultivada em solução hidropônica residual Chlorophyll content and minerals profile in the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris cultivated in hydroponic wastewater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Cleber Bertoldi

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O cultivo de microalgas representa uma potencial fonte de biomassa rica em clorofila e sais minerais como: fósforo, ferro, manganês, cobre, zinco, magnésio e cálcio. Este experimento teve como objetivo avaliar a composição de minerais, bem como determinar o teor de clorofila a e b da microalga Chlorella vulgaris cultivada em solução hidropônica residual em três diferentes concentrações comparadas com um cultivo controle. Os resultados mostraram que os teores de clorofila a e b da microalga não apresentaram diferença significativa entre os cultivos. Com relação à composição dos sais minerais, a Chlorella cultivada na solução residual mais concentrada apresentou valores superiores quando comparada com a cultivada nos demais cultivos. Dessa forma, a biomassa da Chlorella vulgaris demonstrou ser uma potencial fonte de clorofila e de sais minerais, quando cultivada em solução hidropônica residual, possibilitando a utilização desse resíduo de forma sustentável.The microalgaes cultive represents a potential source of biomass rich in chlorophyll and minerals as: P, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Mg and Ca. This research was aimed at evaluating the composition of minerals, as well as, determining the content of chlorophyll a and b from the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris cultivated in hydroponic wastewater in three different concentrations compared with the control cultive. The results showed that the contents of chlorophyll a and b of the microalgae did not show significant difference between the cultives. In relation to the composition of the minerals, the Chlorella cultivated in the most concentrated wastewater, showed higher values when compared with the one cultivated in the others cultures. In this manner, the Chlorella vulgaris biomass demonstrated to be a potential source of chlorophyll and minerals, when cultivated in hydroponic wastewater, allowing the use of this residue in a sustainable way.

  10. Welfare Schemes and Social Protection in India

    OpenAIRE

    Raghbendra Jha

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a broad overview of welfare schemes in India and their impact on social protection during a period of high economic growth. It summarizes India's performance with respect to select economic and social indicators relative to select low and middle income countries in the Asia Pacific region. It further overviews trends in some key select economic and social indicators for India and discusses India's attainment in Social Protection relative to an index of such protection prov...

  11. Diabetes mellitus: Trends in northern India

    OpenAIRE

    Manish Gutch; Syed Mohd Razi; Sukriti Kumar; Keshav Kumar Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is becoming a global health issue with more than 80% diabetics living in developing countries. India accounts for 62.4 million diabetics (2011). Indian Council of Medical Research India Diabetes Study (ICMR-INDIAB) study showed highest weighted prevalence rate in the north India among all studied regions. Diabetes in north India has many peculiarities in all aspects from risk factors to control programmers. North Indians are becoming more prone for diabetes and dyslipidemia ...

  12. CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND ORIENTALISTSIN THE COLONIAL INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Rohini

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses to what extent colonial India was responsive to cultural diversity? It shows the orientalist policies of British rulers to find out how much it was favorable to the various ways of life prevailing in India during colonial times? In the colonial period we find out, how the colonizers in India insisted on their distinctness instead of accepting the path of assimilation. The Orientalist administrators and scholars presented India as having a long living civil...

  13. Traditional zootherapeutic studies in India: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Jaroli DP; Mahawar Madan

    2008-01-01

    Abstract The present study aims to review the zootherapeutic practices of the different ethnic communities of India. This work is also an attempt to present a list of animals' use for medicinal purposes by different communities of India. Data were gathered from 15 published research papers of various authors on zootherapeutic studies in India from 2000 to 2007. Approximately 109 animals and their 270 uses are reported in traditional medicine in different parts of India. Of these, the highest ...

  14. INDIA'S TOURISM SECTOR CONTRIBUTION AND POTENTIALS

    OpenAIRE

    DINKAR P. TAKALE; SHIVAJI R. KAKADE

    2013-01-01

    India is endowed with both natural and man-made attractions such as coast lines, snow capped mountains, wild life, heritage sights and monuments, hearth-taking picturesque etc. India has tremendous potential to promote inbound and outbound tourism. Tourism industry is the potential industry for generating foreign exchange and employment for the developing country like India. Tourism sector has become an important tool for achieving economic self-sufficiency in India through promoting internat...

  15. TERRORISM AND ITS IMPACT ON INDIA'S SECURITY

    OpenAIRE

    Vinod Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Terrorism threatens the national security of the nation. India is the largest democracy in the world and has been attacked primarily by perpetrators who disagree with India's fundamental stances and policies. These perpetrators are not exclusive to Islamic extremism or Pakistan. The primary regions affected by terrorism within India are: Jammu & Kashmir, Eastern Indian seven sister states, Central India, Mumbai and Delhi, with many other cities affected at some point in the la...

  16. India's Sugar Trade: A fresh look

    OpenAIRE

    Deokate Tai Balasaheb

    2013-01-01

    International sugar trade is of strategic importance to India as it helps in maintain stability in the domestic sugar prices despite the cyclicality in production. Also, the potential for expanding sugar production in India exists and can be fully exploited if adjustments were introduced to ensure a market driven relationship between sugar and sugarcane prices. Higher domestic sugar prices than international sugar prices suggest the significant policy change are needed in India. India is 4th ...

  17. National Library of India : a historical perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Raman Nair, R.

    1987-01-01

    Traces the history of organized document collections of India from very ancient times, the contribution of Europeans especially the British rulers of India for systematization and conservation of such collections, and the origins of public library systems that culminated in the establishment of the National Library of India. Critically evaluates the National Library system of India as well as its present set up, resources and services. The paper argues that the main characteristics of a natio...

  18. The unlicensed lives of antidepressants in India: generic drugs, unqualified practitioners, and floating prescriptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecks, Stefan; Basu, Soumita

    2009-03-01

    Antidepressant uses have been rising rapidly over the past decades. Two main theories have been advanced to explain this. One claims that socio-economic change causes a global rise of depressive illness. The other holds that European and North American corporations are aggressively marketing antidepressants to expand their global reach. Both theories assume that multinational capitalism drives rising depression rates. Based on ethnographic data from India, this article shows that antidepressants are increasingly used in this country as well, but for reasons than have been little explored yet. Taking fluoxetine (Prozac) as the main example, it is argued that the spread of antidepressants in India is ;unlicensed' by Euro-American corporations in at least three ways: (i) drug marketing is driven by Indian generic producers; (ii) fluoxetine is given by practitioners who have no license to do so; and (iii) knowledge of fluoxetine is spread through unlicensed ;floating' prescriptions that patients take from one prescriber to another. PMID:19293281

  19. Culture and Personality Among European American and Asian American Men

    OpenAIRE

    Eap, Sopagna; DeGarmo, David S.; Kawakami, Ayaka; Hara, Shelley N.; Hall, Gordon C.N.; Teten, Andra L.

    2008-01-01

    Personality differences between Asian American (N = 320) and European American men (N = 242) and also among Asian American ethnic groups (Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, and mixed Asian) are examined on the Big Five personality dimension. Personality structures for Asian Americans and European Americans closely replicate established norms. However, congruence is greater for European American and highly acculturated Asian American men than for low acculturated Asian American men. Similar ...

  20. Diabetes in African Americans

    OpenAIRE

    Marshall, M.

    2005-01-01

    African Americans have a high risk for type 2 diabetes. Genetic traits, the prevalence of obesity, and insulin resistance all contribute to the risk of diabetes in the African American community. African Americans have a high rate of diabetic complications, because of poor glycaemic control and racial disparities in health care in the USA. African Americans with diabetes may have an atypical presentation that simulates type 1 diabetes, but then their subsequent clinical course is typical of t...

  1. A comparative study of total quality management of health care system in India and Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidari Gorji Ali

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total quality management (TQM has a great potential to address quality problems in a wide range of industries and improve the organizational performance. The growing need to take initiatives by hospitals in countries like India and Iran to improve the service quality and reduce wastage of resources has inspired the authors to develop a survey instrument to measure health care quality and performance in the two countries. Methods Based on the Baldrige health care criteria for performance excellence 2009-2010 and the guidelines proposed by the American Hospitals Association for hospitals in pursuit of excellence, compared health care services in three countries. The data are collected from the capital cities and their nearby places in India and Iran. Using ANOVAs, three groups in quality planning and performance have been compared. Result Results showed there is significantly difference between groups and in no case the hospitals from India and Iran are found scoring close to the benchmarks. The average scores of Indian and Iranian hospitals on different constructs of the IHCQPM model are compared with the major results achieved by the recipients of the MBNQ award. Conclusion In no case the hospitals from India and Iran are found scoring close to the benchmarks (Baldrige health care criteria for performance excellence 2009-2010 and the guidelines proposed by the American Hospitals Association for hospitals. These results suggested to health care services more attempt to achieve high quality in management and performance.

  2. Delhi: India's urban example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, B

    1988-06-01

    Demography, migration, economy, employment, education, planning, housing and transportation in the Delhi Union Territory are described. The Territory is an administrative district that includes Old Delhi, the site of the ancient walled city, the New Delhi Municipal Corporation, the center of government, the Delhi Cantonment, a military center, and 27 smaller towns, many of which are rural in character. The Delhi Territory is notable for its relatively high per capita income ($321), high sex ratio (124), high proportion of recent migrants (over half), but also high employment rate and educational status of these migrants. Much of the economy is based on government service, retail trade and services. School enrollment is high, nearly 100% of primary school age children, 77% of middle school, and 50% of secondary school. Rapid growth has stressed the public health, sanitation, housing, electric power systems. Transportation is coping relatively well, considering that 20% of all motor vehicles in India are in Delhi. 50% of daily trips are made by bus, 22% by bicycle, 10% by motorcycles, and 4% by cars. Accommodations for tourists in Delhi's old center are good in both expensive and inexpensive hotels. PMID:12342348

  3. Energy alternatives in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1973, the oil prices have increased tenfold. Currently we are already short by 7% in energy demand which is increasing in an exponential order. Also environmental problems associated with conventional energy generation need a serious consideration as a concept of clean energy. Various sources available are as follows. 1) coal energy 2) hydroelectric 3) nuclear energy. In India, thermal power obtained from amounts to 72.8%, hydroelectric amounts to 25.3% and nuclear about 2 to 3%. Non-conventional energy sources are mostly non-polluting except for the fact that no economically viable methods are invented to harness the power effectively. Following are the non-conventional energy resources. 1) solar energy:- this can be applied in different ways. 1) photothermal, 2) photovoltaics, 3) photosynthesis, 4) bio-energy. ii) wind energy, iii) ocean energy iv) geothermal energy. It can be concluded that nuclear energy is the only way out to current situation. Energy conservation and energy consciousness should also be implemented. (author)

  4. Decriminalising homosexuality in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, Geetanjali

    2009-11-01

    This paper examines the successful fight against the provision in Section 377 of the Penal Code of India that criminalised private consensual sex between adults of the same sex. This law had led to serious discrimination against people engaging in homosexual acts, who were subjected to frequent beatings and blackmail attempts by police, who used the threat of prosecution against them. NGOs working with sexual minorities have also been harassed and sometimes charged under Section 377. By stigmatising homosexuality and threatening gay men with prison, the law is also likely to have impeded the battle against HIV. The provision was read down in July 2009 after an innovative, sustained, mass media campaign by activists. The Voices Against 377 coalition brought together sexuality and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) organisations, who were previously marginalised, with groups working in areas such as children's rights and feminist groups, showing that support for non-discrimination towards sexual minorities was broad-based. Further legal and social changes are needed for LGBT individuals to gain full acceptance and equality within Indian society. However, the judgement transcended the LGBT issue with the implication of protection for all minorities and introduced for the first time in South Asia the idea of sexual citizenship. PMID:19962634

  5. Spectrum Trading in India and 5G

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tripathi, Purnendu; Prasad, Ramjee

    2013-01-01

    which service providers are permitted to purchase spectrum from the market to fulfil their requirements. Spectrum trading has not yet been permitted in India. This paper provides an overview of possibilities of spectrum trading in India and concludes that necessary ingredients are present in India for...

  6. Republic of India Manufacturing Plan Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    This set of reports on manufacturing plans implementation in India includes the following: (1) A new agenda. Improving the competitiveness of the textiles and apparel value chain in India report is structured as follows: section one sets out the context, describing trends in global markets and in the textiles and apparel supply chain in India; section two analyzes in detail the choke point...

  7. African American Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    African American Suicide Fact Sheet Based on 2012 Data (2014) Overview • In 2012, 2,357 African Americans completed suicide in the U.S. Of these, ... 46 per 100,000. • The suicide rate for African Americans ages 10-19 was 2.98 per ...

  8. American Indian Recipes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurnoe, Katherine J.; Skjervold, Christian, Ed.

    Presenting some 60 to 70 Native American recipes, this document includes a brief introduction and a suggested reading list (15 citations related to American Indian foods). The introduction identifies five regional Native American cuisines as follows: in the Southwest, peppers and beans were made into chili, soups, guacamole, and barbecue sauces by…

  9. Heart Disease and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Heart Disease Heart Disease and African Americans Although African American adults are ... were 30 percent more likely to die from heart disease than non-Hispanic whites. African American women are ...

  10. Infant Mortality and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... African American > Infant Heath & Mortality Infant Mortality and African Americans African Americans have 2.2 times the infant mortality rate ... birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants. African Americans had almost twice the sudden infant death syndrome ...

  11. India joins the ISOLDE collaboration

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    On 18 April India signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the ISOLDE collaboration, thus strengthening its links with CERN. Three experiments led by Indian scientists at ISOLDE have been recommended by the Research Board and will be performed in the coming months, and more projects are being designed for the future HIE-ISOLDE scientific programme.   Shaking hands: Rüdiger Voss (left), adviser for India in CERN’s International Relations Office, and SINP Director Milan Kumar Sanyal (right). Also photographed: ISOLDE spokesperson Yorick Blumenfeld, (centre left) and Sunanda Banerjee, head of high-energy at SINP (centre right).  The new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in Kolkata at the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP). India thus becomes the 15th member of the ISOLDE collaboration, after having signed similar collaboration documents with the CMS and ALICE experiments. “This agreement will a...

  12. Participation in India's oil industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The way a small company the size of Niko Resources Ltd. was able to enter the Indian oil patch was described. India was chosen because it presented many indicators of success, including an overall economic growth of 5.3 % in 1994, foreign currency reserves standing at over US $20 billion, exports increase of 20 %, and the introduction of a dramatic program of economic, industrial and trade liberalization. According to most estimates, India's energy demand is likely to increase significantly, and the energy sector will need over US $18 billion worth of expansion by the year 2000. Niko was the first Canadian company to enter the oil and gas exploration and development sector in India, but the competition is becoming fierce. There are two rounds of bidding for exploration each year, and foreign companies are welcome to participate in the existing joint ventures

  13. ICT Innovation in Contemporary India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rai, Sudhanshu; Chatterjee, Sutirtha; Sarker, Suprateek

    2010-01-01

    The paper we present here discusses ICT innovation in India using a narrative framework. We argue that ICT innovation has not really been a subject matter sufficiently researched in information systems from the perspective of innovation in developing countries. We use a grounded theory inspired...... approach and we discovered three narratives of innovation in India; a) the supply narrative, b) the technology narrative and c) the collaborative narrative. We detect the evolution of these narratives and aim to continue further work to understand the factors involved in the emergence and shift of these...

  14. Incredible India: the inconvenient truth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mundkur, Bal

    2011-01-01

    The author's objective is to correct many of the misconceptions about India and to combat mistaken analysis. He highlights the hundreds of millions who live in poverty, the rampant corruption and the incompetence of the administration. He asserts that comparisons with China are always to the disadvantage of India, except in the field of democracy, and suggests that the Indian Space Programme is symptomatic of a wide-spread misallocation of resources. And to suggest that the traffic problems in Delhi and Mumbai are being caused by more motor vehicles is a misdiagnosis. The real cause is an increase in the number of bullock carts. PMID:21305798

  15. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN INDIA: AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arunkumar. A

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Foreign Direct Investment playing an important role in developing nations like India. In recent years, India focuses on inflow of FDI and trying to maintain the GDP growth rate. India opened up more sectors for FDI. This paper tries to find out the inflow of FDI in South Asian countries, especially in India. This paper has been divided into three parts. First part, deals with the country-wise inflow of FDI. Second part deals with the inflow of FDI in sector wise in India. Inflow of FDI through RBI's regional banks is discussed in the final part. This paper based on secondary data.

  16. Girl prostitution in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, K K

    1995-01-01

    This article discusses the nature, magnitude, causes, and consequences of female child prostitution in India and offers measures for control and prevention of girl prostitution. Data are obtained from the 6-city study of prostitution and the author's own research. An estimated 85% of all prostitutes in Calcutta and Delhi entered the work at an early age. The numbers are rising. The promotion of tourism is linked with prostitution. Girl prostitutes are primarily located in low-middle income areas and business districts and are known by officials. Brothel keepers regularly recruit young girls. An estimated 33% of prostitutes are young girls. In Bangalore, Calcutta, Delhi, and Hyderabad, there are an estimated 10,000 girl prostitutes. UNICEF estimates about 300,000 child prostitutes. Girl prostitutes are grouped as common prostitutes, singers and dancers, call girls, religious prostitutes or devdasi, and caged brothel prostitutes. Religious prostitutes are mainly found in the South. Caged ones are found in Bombay. A little over 50% of prostitutes come from other countries, such as Nepal and Bangladesh. The girls tend to come from urban slums and poor rural areas. High prostitute supply regions include Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengel states. About 85% are Hindus, and about 66% are from scheduled castes and tribes. Bangalore and Bombay have a higher proportion of girl prostitutes. The causes of prostitution include ill treatment by parents, bad company, family prostitutes, social customs, inability to arrange marriage, lack of sex education, media, prior incest and rape, early marriage and desertion, lack of recreational facilities, ignorance, and acceptance of prostitution. Economic causes include poverty and economic distress. Psychological causes include desire for physical pleasure, greed, and dejection. Most enter involuntarily. A brief profile is given of the life of a prostitute. PMID:12158002

  17. India rentslimiljonär tegi ilma ka Oscarite peol / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    2008.a. filmiloomingu kaheksa Oscarit sai Danny Boyle'i mängufilm "Rentslimiljonär" ("Slumdog Millionaire"), produtsent Christian Colson. Lisatud Aare Tilga ja Timo Dieneri kommentaarid ning peamiste Oscarite nimekiri

  18. Níveis de mercúrio em peixes consumidos pela comunidade indígena de Sai Cinza na Reserva Munduruku, Município de Jacareacanga, Estado do Pará, Brasil Mercury levels in fish consumed by the Sai Cinza indigenous community, Munduruku Reservation, Jacareacanga County, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilson da Silva Brabo

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo consiste em avaliar os níveis de mercúrio no pescado consumido pela comunidade indígena de Sai Cinza (Reserva Munduruku no Estado do Pará, e associá-los com os hábitos de consumo da população. Um total de oitenta espécimes de peixes foram capturados. As determinações de Hg foram realizadas por absorção atômica. A concentração média de Hg nas espécies carnívoras foi de 0,293 µg/g (DP = 0,104 enquanto nas não carnívoras foi de 0,112 µg/g (DP = 0,036. As espécies referidas como de maior consumo ente os 330 indivíduos entrevistados foram: tucunaré, pacu, jaraqui, traíra, aracu, matrinchã e caratinga. As espécies com concentrações mais elevadas de Hg foram tucunaré e traíra, que estão entre os peixes mais consumidos. A freqüência de consumo constitui-se num fator importante na avaliação de risco de contaminação por mercúrio em comunidades que não têm outras alternativas de alimentação.This study evaluated fish consumption and mercury levels in fish consumed by an indigenous community in the State of Pará. Eighty fish samples were collected (barbado, surubim, traíra, tucunaré, piranha, aruanã, caratinga, aracu, mandiá, jandiá, and pacu. Mercury analysis was performed using a Mercury Analyzer HG-3500. Average mercury concentration in carnivorous species was 0.293 µg/g (SD = 0.104, while in non-carnivorous species it was 0.112 µg/g (SD = 0.036. Brazilian legislation establishes a maximum permissible limit of 0.5 µg/g for fish consumption. No significant correlation was found between fish length or weight and mercury concentration. Types of fish most frequently consumed by the community were tucunaré, pacu, jaraqui, traíra, aracu, matrinchã, and caratinga. Carnivorous species, especially tucunaré and traíra, amongst the most frequently eaten, had higher mercury levels than non-carnivorous species. Frequency of consumption is crucial to assess the risk of mercury contamination in

  19. Fusion research programme in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shishir Deshpande; Predhiman Kaw

    2013-10-01

    The fusion energy research program of India is summarized in the context of energy needs and scenario of tokamak advancements on domestic and international fronts. In particular, the various technologies that will lead us to ultimately build a fusion power reactor are identified along with the steps being taken for their indigenous development.

  20. Energy and irrigation in India.

    OpenAIRE

    Hurst C

    1985-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper, cost benefit analysis of energy sources for groundwater irrigation in India - considers petroleum and biomass engines, electric motors and rural area electrification, animal traction, handpumps, etc.; considers irrigation potential and its impact on agricultural production; assesses the economic implications of energy policy, and the impact of farm size. Graphs, map, references, statistical tables.

  1. Poverty among Elderly in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Akanksha; Mohanty, Sanjay K.

    2012-01-01

    Using consumption expenditure data of the National Sample Survey 2004-2005, this paper estimates the size of elderly poor and tests the hypotheses that elderly households are not economically better-off compared to non-elderly households in India. Poverty estimates are derived under three scenarios--by applying the official cut-off point of the…

  2. Corporate Social Entrepreneurship in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agrawal, Anirudh; Sahasranamam, Sreevas

    2016-01-01

    provides companies with both implicit and explicit strategic benefits. Based on the findings the authors propose an integrated model of CSE. Research limitations/implications – As all cases originate from India the authors cannot rule out the possibility that the conclusions are only valid for a certain...

  3. Maritime archaeological studies in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Vora, K.H.

    India with more than 7000 km long coastline and about 5000 years old maritime history is dotted with several ancient ports. Marine archaeological research during last two and half decades has revealed a number of sites along the Indian coast, which...

  4. India in the urban revolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Nijman

    2012-01-01

    In the past decade, India’s development has featured rapid economic growth and unprecedented urbanization. Using preliminary results from the 2011 Census and recent macro-economic data, this paper analyses the relationship between urbanization and economic development in India. While urbanization is

  5. Resurgent India: An Economic Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Basutkar, Tirupati

    2015-01-01

    Resurgent India is a multi – dimensional concept. Economic interpretation is just one aspect of its multi – dimensionality. This paper seeks to analyze the concept of resurgence in the context of India’s economic growth and try to understand the source thereof.

  6. Innovative organic farming in india

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Arun K.

    2012-01-01

    In this article general overview of research progress in the field of organic agriculture in India was given. This include revalidation of traditional organic practices, invent/discover and commercial production technology for organic inputs and research on organic systems. Some of the future directions of organic research in Indian was also discussed.

  7. Schools and Languages in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Brian

    1968-01-01

    A brief review of Indian education focuses on special problems caused by overcrowded schools, insufficient funding, and the status of education itself in the Indian social structure. Language instruction in India, a complex issue due largely to the numerous official languages currently spoken, is commented on with special reference to the problem…

  8. Roaring Food Prices in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mukherjee , Soumyatanu

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we try to analyze the possible reasons behind food price hike. The motivation of doing this project is to see the probable reasons, which impact “common people” of India to the utmost extent. We concentrate mainly on the supply side, distribution aspects and the demand side. Checking these aspects we try to see their sensitivity in food prices.

  9. Japanese Encephalitis Outbreak, India, 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Parida, Manmohan; Dash, Paban K.; Tripathi, Nagesh K.; ,; Sannarangaiah, Santhosh; Saxena, Parag; Agarwal, Surekha; Sahni, Ajay K.; Singh, Sanjay P; Rathi, Arvind K.; Bhargava, Rakesh; Abhyankar, Ajay; Shailendra K Verma; Rao, Putcha V. Lakshmana; Sekhar, Krishnamurthy

    2006-01-01

    An outbreak of viral encephalitis occurred in Gorakhpur, India, from July through November 2005. The etiologic agent was confirmed to be Japanese encephalitis virus by analyzing 326 acute-phase clinical specimens for virus-specific antibodies and viral RNA and by virus isolation. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these isolates belonged to genogroup 3.

  10. Country report on pollution: India

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh, R.; Purvaja, R.; Lakshmi, Ahana

    2011-01-01

    Biogeographical features, coastal ecosystems and coastal activities of the Bay of Bengal Coast of India. Overview of sources of pollution, water and sediment quality. Present status of pollution and trans-boundary issues. International instruments adopted, policy and mechanisms for pollution control and enforcement of existing policies and legislations.

  11. Understanding Child Rights in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grewal, Imandeep Kaur; Singh, Nandita Shukla

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: This article traces the status of child rights in India, with special attention to traditional beliefs that have shaped and sustain gender discrimination. The article examines the possibilities and limitations of the newly implemented Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009 for operating as an equalizing…

  12. Coral reef surveys in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Wafar, M.V.M.

    This paper briefly describes the history of coral reef surveys in India. All the surveys done so far have used simple techniques, but they have been quite effective in highlighting the damages to reefs in the short-term due to human interferences...

  13. Indias Capabilities in Food Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full-text: India recently celebrated 50 years of nuclear application and criticality. Radiation processing Technology has been investigated and demonstrated for nearly four decades by food scientists and technologists at Bhabha Atomic Research Center, (BARC), India. It is quite essential to clarify unambiguously that under no circumstances can radiation processing using cobalt-60 radiation induce any radioactivity and naturally, leave residual radioactivity in the material being processed. To this extent, the word IRRADIATION has been replaced by the word Radiation Processing. The Indian Navy had recently approved the use of radiation processing for preserving high value food products and to optimize the procurement cost and maximize the product availability. The Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT), India has achieved significant milestones in encouraging private entrepreneurs to set up Radiation Processing plants for food preservation and safety as well as for non-food products and medical equipment sterilization. Today there are about 25 private radiation processing plants getting ready to meet the demand and many more are following the trend. With the growing demand for Cobalt-60 source, India has exported the technology and the source to many neighboring countries and is prepared to meet the demand and support the requirements of the Cobalt-60 source in Thailand. Innovative Food Technologies Co. Ltd provide consultancy and turnkey projects to set up Radiation processing Plants, Supply of Cobalt-60 source, Refurbishing Cobalt-60 source, provide comprehensive training in Plant safety, maintenance and security in Thailand and ASEAN

  14. [Women's organizations in India].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, V

    1985-01-01

    Community development projects in India during the 1950s and 60s viewed women as beneficiaries, but in fact few women benefitted measurably. The realization among field motivators of the necessity of improving the status of women prompted formation of women's organizations based on the participation of women in development. Non-government organizations and militant organizations have had greater success than government sponsored organizations in creation of employment for women. Some employment-generating organizations directed by high caste women or by men merely continue the oppression of poor women, providing abysmal pay for long hours, but a women's cooperative serving textile workers in Bombay has been successful because of the large number of unaccompanied males migrating to the city who desire reasonably priced home-cooked food. Other organizations have attempted to mobilize women to allow them to benefit from development. Struggles of women in the electronics, pharmaceutical, textile, mining, clothing, and other small scale industries have been supported by women's organizatinns. Rural women's organizations have forced village authorities to provide drinkig water and have demanded creation of employment for unemployed rural workers. The "Self-Employed Women's Association" supports negotiations of such women in their respective professions, and others struggling for women's rights have also undertaken development projects in health, education, and employment with a view to increasing women's independence. Some organizations provide child care services and others assist women in obtaining credit. Numerous cooperatives for food and housework have been formed but their ultimate effect on the distribution of power between castes and classes remains uncertain. Government sponsored cooperatives and women's organizations have benefitted mainly the intermediaries and have tended to use women as a source of cheap labor. A strategic plan for the emancipation of women

  15. El grito lascasiano: el infierno de las Indias entre el apetito y la regeneración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Fiorani

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Bartolomé de Las Casas exposes the crimes and the violence of the Spanish conquest of America to the emperor and the Consejo de Indias, in his Brevísima relación de la destruicion de las Indias. Juxtaposing the unarmed American peoples with the wild violence of the invaders, Las Casas argues that the process of the conquest is an apocalyptic scourge which has struck the indigenous peoples and is a cruel denial of the providential mission of the universal Christian Empire.

  16. Close relationships between Asian American and European American college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C; Edwards, K; Young, B; Greenberger, E

    2001-02-01

    The authors examined attitudes and behaviors regarding close relationships between European and Asian Americans, with a particular emphasis on 5 major subgroups of Asian Americans (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, and Filipino Americans). Participants were 218 Asian American college students and 171 European American college students attending a culturally diverse university. The European Americans did not differentiate among the various subgroups of Asian Americans. Their attitudes regarding close relationships were less positive toward Asian Americans than toward Mexican and African Americans, a finding contrary to the prediction of social exchange theory (H. Tajfel, 1975). In contrast to the European Americans' view of homogeneity among Asian Americans, the 5 major subgroups of Asian Americans expressed a distinctive hierarchy of social preference among themselves. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for future research on interethnic relations involving Asian Americans. PMID:11294169

  17. Introducing Waqf Based Takaful Model in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Ahmed Salman

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – Waqf is a unique feature of the socioeconomic system of Islam in a multi- religious and developing country like India. India is a rich country with waqf assets. The history of waqf in India can be traced back to 800 years ago. Most of the researchers, suggest how waqf can be used a tool to mitigate the poverty of Muslims. India has the third highest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan. However, the majority of Muslims belong to the low income group and they are in need of help. It is believed that waqf can be utilized for the betterment of Indian Muslim community. Among the available uses of waqf assets, the main objective of this paper is to introduce waqf based takaful model in India. In addition, how this proposed model can be adopted in India is highlighted.Methods – Library research is applied since this paper relies on secondary data by thoroughlyreviewing the most relevant literature.Result – India as a rich country with waqf assets should fully utilize the resources to help the Muslims through takaful.Conclusion – In this study, we have proposed waqf based takaful model with the combination of the concepts mudarabah and wakalah for India. We recommend this model based on the background of the  country and situations. Since we have not tested the viability of this model in India, future research should be continued on this testing.Keywords : Wakaf, Takaful, Kemiskinan dan India

  18. American Studies in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Gülriz Buken

    2006-01-01

    In the discipline of American Studies in Turkey, the major contribution emanates, on the one hand, from the American Culture and Literature Departments instituted in various Universities in Turkey and, on the other, from the American Studies Association of Turkey. Up till now, unfortunately, no Research and Performance Institute or Center for the Study of America has yet been established to secure the necessary contacts with other similar institutions in Europe and in the United States, to fa...

  19. American College Health Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Dollars at Work Recognizing Donors Find us on social media! Home Contact Us Marketplace Cart Copyright © 2016 American College Health Association | Privacy and Usage Policies | Spokesperson and ...

  20. India: the next superpower?: the untold story of India's economy

    OpenAIRE

    Sibal, Rajeev

    2012-01-01

    As India looks towards further liberalisation, it must first prepare its economic institutions by re-orienting them from managing the economy to regulating the economy. Without an enhancement of regulatory capacity, increased liberalisation will simply perpetuate corruption and further inequality. By improving regulatory capacity, the state can better focus on the socio-economic aspects of governance that will be so important for India’s future. In order to better direct and ma...

  1. Banning smokeless tobacco in India: Policy analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Arora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available India is the second largest producer and third largest consumer of tobacco. According to GATS India Report (2009-10, the users of only smokeless tobacco (SLT are more than double than that of smokers. SLT use is an imminent public health problem, which is contributing to high disease burden in India. It is a "unique" tobacco product due to its availability in myriad varieties, easy access, and affordability especially for adolescents. It has been studied to be a gateway product and facilitates initiation. Currently, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI have prohibited the use of tobacco and nicotine in any food products; yet, the implementation of a permanent ban on SLT across India is still pending. This paper examines how multiple legislations have failed to effectively control or regulate SLT in India and regionally; thus, there is need to strengthen SLT control efforts as "no ordinary product."

  2. Avaliação da resistência da pele de tilápia do Nilo (Oreochrmis niloticus) nos sentidos longitudinal, transversal e diagonal, depois de submetida ao curtimento com sais de cromo e recurtimento com diferentes agentes curtentes = Evaluation of resistance of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) skin in longitudinal, transversal and diagonal position after tanning with chromium salts and retanning with different tanning substances

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Luiza de Rodrigues de Souza; Maria del Carmen Aguilar Valdez; Amanda Lilian Vieira Hoch; Karla Fabrícia de Oliveira; Inácio Rigolon Matos; Antonio Manoel Camin

    2006-01-01

    O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a resistência da pele da Tilápia do Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus) no sentido longitudinal, transversal e diagonal, depois de curtida com sais de cromo e recurtida por diferentes técnicas de recurtimento. As peles foram distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em fatorial 3x3, sendo 3 técnicas de recurtimento (T1 = com 4% de sais de cromo; T2 = 6% com taninos vegetais e T3 = com 6% de taninos sintéticos) e 3 posições de retirada dos corpos-de-pro...

  3. Petroleum Prices, Taxation and Subsidies in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    The current Indian system of effectively subsidised petroleum product prices has significant implications for the emergence of India as a major global energy consumer, for the integrity of India's Central Government budget and for investment in India's growing oil and petroleum sector. This paper is part one of a broader study that looks at the current system of petroleum pricing and the macroeconomic, microeconomic, regional and global effects of this system.

  4. Education and Economic Development in India

    OpenAIRE

    Monojit Chatterji

    2008-01-01

    This brief survey examines the returns to education in India , and then examines the role of education on both economic growth and economic development with particular reference to India. Throughout, the objective is to draw out the implications of the empirical results for education policy. The results suggest that female education is of particular importance in India. They also suggest that perhaps because of the externalities it generates, primary education is more important than might be ...

  5. Will India become a world economy power?

    OpenAIRE

    INCALTARAU Cristian

    2010-01-01

    India's economic rise during the last decades has surprised most of the economists, including the Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman. Which are the ingredients of such an economic roadmap and why hasn’t India's economy boosted along with those of the "Asian tigers" during the 80s or later, with China’s economy? Once India became an important economic player, it can no longer be neglected in international political relations as the struggle for world supremacy became more an economic and technolo...

  6. GLIMPSE OF PHARMACY PROFESSION IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Anant P. Hardas

    2012-01-01

    India has been one of the countries in the world whose past has been glorious. It is a country where others have gained knowledge, ethics and moral for their future prosperity. The Indian traditional systems of medicine have been Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. Ayurveda and Siddha originated in India itself. In ancient India the sources of drugs were of vegetable, animal and mineral origin. They were prepared empirically by few experienced persons. Knowledge of that medical system was usually kep...

  7. The progress of school education in India

    OpenAIRE

    Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of school education in India. Firstly, it places India's educational achievements in international perspective, especially against countries with which it is now increasingly compared such as BRIC economies in general and China in particular. India does well relative to Pakistan and Bangladesh but lags seriously behind China and the other BRIC countries, especially in secondary school participation and youth literacy rates. Secondly, the paper exami...

  8. Determinants of FII Inflows:India

    OpenAIRE

    Saraogi, Ravi

    2008-01-01

    This paper attempts to identify the important determinants of foreign institutional investments (FII) into India. The issue is extremely important for contemporary policy making since managing the large foreign inflows into India in recent times has come to haunt both the RBI and the Government. It is hoped the insight offered by this paper will help us identify the important determinants of FII inflows into India, the knowledge of which can be used to construct suitable policies to manage th...

  9. American Culture Through Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Clair Michael; Pulliam, William E.

    1976-01-01

    In honor of the Bicentennial, current instructional materials concerned with American lifestyles--past and present--American music, art, education, customs and traditions, and language are reviewed. The reviews are presented in a narrative format and value judgments are made where appropriate. Address and price information are found in a list at…

  10. Asian American Cultural Resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libretti, Tim

    1997-01-01

    Explores the encounter of Marxism and Asian American literary theory and imagines an Asian American Marxism. To do so requires theorizing race, class, and gender not as substantive categories of antagonisms but as complementary and coordinated elements of a totality of social relations structuring racial patriarchal capitalism. (SLD)

  11. Efeitos de níveis de cálcio combinados com diferentes concentrações de sais na tolerância de trigo à toxicidade de alumínio, em solução nutritiva Influence of calcium levels combineid with salt concentrations in nutrient solution to aluminum toxicity in wheat cultivars

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira Camargo

    1985-01-01

    Com o objetivo de estudar o efeito do cálcio na tolerância à toxicidade de alumínio, foi instalado um experimento empregando três cultivares de trigo - BH-1146, IAC-17 e Siete Cerros - em soluções nutritivas contendo 10 mg/litro de Al3+ combinados com três concentrações de sais - um décimo, um quinto e metade da concentração de sais da solução nutritiva completa - e quatro níveis de cálcio - 16, 80, 160 e 320 mg/litro. A tolerância foi medida pela capacidade de as raízes primárias continuarem...

  12. Fitoextração de sais pela Atriplex nummularia lindl. sob estresse hídrico em solo salino sódico Phytoextraction of salts by Atriplex nummularia lindl. under water stress in saline sodic soils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edivan R. de Souza

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a extração de sais pela Atriplex cultivada em solo salino sódico sob condições de estresse hídrico e comparar propriedades do solo antes e após seu cultivo. O experimento foi desenvolvido em casa de vegetação durante 134 dias, com cultivo em vasos com 20 kg de solo salino sódico em quatro níveis de umidade (35, 55, 75 e 95% da capacidade de campo, com um tratamento controle (sem cultivo, montado em blocos casualizados, com oito repetições. As altas concentrações de Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ e, especialmente Na+ e Cl- nas folhas de Atriplex nummularia, associadas à elevada produção de massa seca, caracterizam esta espécie como planta fitoextratora de sais, chegando a extrair, nas folhas e caule, o equivalente a: 644,25; 757,81; 1.058,55 e 1.182,00 kg ha-1 desses elementos, para 35, 55, 75 e 95% da capacidade de campo, respectivamente. As variáveis do complexo sortivo do solo (Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, soma de bases e o carbono orgânico total, permaneceram estáveis entre o início e o final do experimento, em todos os tratamentos, enquanto o Na+ e a percentagem de sódio trocável diminuíram após o cultivo da planta. A Atriplex respondeu ao incremento de umidade do solo quando se considera a produção de biomassa e a extração de sais.This study aims to evaluate the growth, production and extraction of salts by Atriplex grown on saline-sodic soil under water stress conditions and to compare soil properties before and after their cultivation. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse during 134 days growing Atriplex nummularia in pots with 20 kg of saline sodic soil with four levels of soil moisture (35, 55, 75 and 95% of field capacity with a control (soil without plant. The experiment was performed in a randomized block with eight replications. The high concentrations of Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and especially Na+ and Cl- in leaves of Atriplex nummularia, associated with high dry matter production characterizes this species

  13. Wind power development in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wind energy has been harnessed in the past century both in India and other parts of the world, mainly by small windmills for the purposes of farm applications. Further development of the technology was seen only after the oil crisis of 1973, when wind power development was focused on water pumping. This renewable and cost-effective technology in India has been given its due importance through the national action programme on wind resource mapping/assessment and power generation. The paper looks at the status and trends of wind power development both nationally and internationally. Wind power potential, wind farm siting guidelines and the national strategy and action plan (1993), as well as the environmental costs and benefits are reviewed. The present Government's promotional incentives, financing schemes and future action programme are also indicated. (author)

  14. Relighting the fire: visualizing the lesbian in contemporary India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahn, Churnjeet; Watt, Diane

    2014-01-01

    This article revisits the controversy surrounding Deepa Mehta's Fire (1996), India's first publicly released film depicting female same-sex desire. The film has become a touchstone for discussions of the representation of queer and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) lives in India. While the majority of critical accounts of the film have rejected the use of "lesbian" on the basis of its Anglo-American specificity, this article seeks to recast lesbians at the heart of Fire by filtering them through the lens of transnational protest, and by offering a close reading of the film's own play on religious and cultural symbolism. Viewed almost two decades after its release, in the light of the Delhi rape case of December 2012 and subsequent events, including the upholding of a law criminalizing gay sex in November 2013, the film now more than ever seems to offer a fantasy of the future, rather than a viable reality in the present day. Within Fire, the circumnavigation of heteronormative power and desire is certainly queer, but the film's labeling as "lesbian" subsequent to its release in India opened up an important public forum for a debate about female desire and independence that continues to resonate today. This article does not attempt to offer a conclusive argument about the use of the term "lesbian" to label the relationship between women that is depicted within the film, but it does examine the way in which the film itself visualizes desire between women, and in particular the use of Hindu narratives, imagery and motifs. The film's interpellation into lesbian politics is facilitated by the strong emphasis on a female-centered desire that is not defined by motherhood, that cannot be contained, and that demands to be seen. PMID:24972282

  15. US-India agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States and India acheived a historic agreement for strategic partnership after the completion of negotiations on the bilateral agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation, also known as the agreement of 123. This agreement regulates the civilian nuclear trade between the two countries and opens the door wide to U.S. and Indian companies for a partnership in every other country in the civil nuclear industry. This agreement has opened the door to complete the remaining steps for the the widest American Indian cooperation in the field of civil uses of atomic energy. Critics to the agreement within the United States say that the agreement reflected serious consequences on the ability of the United States to force other countries to comply with the prevention of nuclear proliferation. The global criticism focused on that the agreement strikes at the heart of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and is considered a dangerous precedent to break the laws of the International Tribunal, and especially the laws and rules of the International Group of Suppliers, which includes 45 countries. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) says that the agreement is an important step towards meeting India's growing energy needs, especially nuclear technology which is the engine of development. Immediately after the completion of the United States and India for their bilateral agreement for nuclear cooperation, Israel announced that it was seeking U.S. help in the establishment of a power reactor while pressing the direction of tightening control over Iran's nuclear program while some Arab countries announced their desire to have nuclear reactors for electricity generation purposes.

  16. Introducing Waqf Based Takaful Model in India

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Ahmed Salman; Sheila Nu Nu Htay

    2014-01-01

    Objective – Waqf is a unique feature of the socioeconomic system of Islam in a multi- religious and developing country like India. India is a rich country with waqf assets. The history of waqf in India can be traced back to 800 years ago. Most of the researchers, suggest how waqf can be used a tool to mitigate the poverty of Muslims. India has the third highest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan. However, the majority of Muslims belong to the low income group and they are in need ...

  17. Food Inflation in India: Causes and Consequences.

    OpenAIRE

    Bhattacharya, Rudrani; Sen Gupta, Abhijit

    2015-01-01

    Average food inflation in India during the period 2006-2013 was one of the highest among emerging market economies, and nearly double the inflation witnessed in India during the previous decade. In this paper, we analyse the behaviour and determinants of food inflation in India. We find that both demand and supply factors have contributed to the recent surge in food inflation in India. On the demand side, we test the often-cited hypothesis that rising per capita income and diversification of ...

  18. African-Americans and Alzheimer's

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning Signs Brain ... African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of ...

  19. American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the world's largest organization dedicated to comprehensive cosmetic dentistry. Join Now Real Patient. Real Result. Dentistry by ... 9540 Contact Us © 2015 American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD) © 2015 American ...

  20. History of psychiatry in India

    OpenAIRE

    Nizamie, S.Haque; Goyal, Nishant

    2010-01-01

    History is a screen through which the past lightens the present and the present brightens the future. Psychiatry by virtue of its ability to deal with human thoughts and emotions and provide a pathway for healthy minds provides an important platform towards being a mentally sound human being and largely the society. This review takes a sneak peek into the foundations of modern psychiatry in India. The description is largely based on the time frame, which provides a better understanding of the...

  1. Apolipoprotein E polymorphism in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, P; Singh, M; Gerdes, Lars Ulrik;

    2001-01-01

    , India. Three alleles APOE*E2, APOE*E3 and APOE*E4 were observed in Ramgarhia and Ramdasia with the frequencies of 0.031, 0.913, 0.056 and 0.043, 0.886 and 0.071, respectively. Higher heterozygosity (20.8%) in Ramdasia reflects greater variation at the APOE locus. The APOE*E3 allele is found to be the...

  2. Climate change, zoonoses and India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, B B; Sharma, R; Gill, J P S; Aulakh, R S; Banga, H S

    2011-12-01

    Economic trends have shaped our growth and the growth of the livestock sector, but atthe expense of altering natural resources and systems in ways that are not always obvious. Now, however, the reverse is beginning to happen, i.e. environmental trends are beginning to shape our economy and health status. In addition to water, air and food, animals and birds play a pivotal role in the maintenance and transmission of important zoonotic diseases in nature. It is generally considered that the prevalence of vector-borne and waterborne zoonoses is likely to increase in the coming years due to the effects of global warming in India. In recent years, vector-borne diseases have emerged as a serious public health problem in countries of the South-East Asia region, including India. Vector-borne zoonoses now occur in epidemic form almost on an annual basis, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. New reservoir areas of cutaneous leishmaniosis in South India have been recognised, and the role of climate change in its re-emergence warrants further research, as does the role of climate change in the ascendancy of waterborne and foodborne illness. Similarly, climate change that leads to warmer and more humid conditions may increase the risk of transmission of airborne zoonoses, and hot and drier conditions may lead to a decline in the incidence of disease(s). The prevalence of these zoonotic diseases and their vectors and the effect of climate change on important zoonoses in India are discussed in this review. PMID:22435190

  3. Industrialization and Bilingualism in India

    OpenAIRE

    David Clingingsmith

    2014-01-01

    Bilingualism is a distinct and important form of human capital in linguistically diverse countries. When communication among workers increases productivity, there can be economic incentives to learn a second language. I study how the growth of industrial employment increased bilingualism in India between 1931 and 1961. During that period, Indian factories were linguistically mixed. I exploit industrial clustering and sectoral demand growth for identification. The effect on bilingualism was st...

  4. Lentil in India: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, K.M.; Singh, A.

    2014-01-01

    Traditionally pulses have been considered important elements of cropping systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. They were popular because of their importance as a source of protein and ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen (N) and thus improve soil fertility. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, a large area under pulses in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) was substituted by high- yielding varieties of rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Tritium aestivum). Lentil production in India has always been imp...

  5. IODE National Report for India

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    The Indian Oceanographic Data Centre (IODC) was established in 1964 at the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa, India. NIO is a premier institute for oceanographic research and development. It has highly qualified staff of scientific (195 nos) and technical (235 nos.) NIO publishes on average more than 100 research papers, articles and technical reports in oceanography annually. IODC is having four scientific qualified staffs and four technical & supporting staffs. IODC is using ...

  6. The Energy Strategy of India

    OpenAIRE

    Surmadhur Pant; Gaurav Singh Negi

    2015-01-01

    This paper is related with the importance of the energy policy and renewable energy which play a important role in the development of the environmental benefits. India has a vast supply of renewable energy resources and it is one of the largest countries in the world for deploying renewable energy. This paper attempts to review the policies and planning measures undertaken by the Indian government for promotion of renewable energy. Low impact renewable energy (LIRE) technologies o...

  7. Wealth Management Models in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mody, Riddhi

    2007-01-01

    High performance levels and accelerating economic indicators worldwide has led to an increase in the number of high net worth individuals (HNWIs) and the amount of wealth they hold in recent years. After the economic reforms of 1991, the Indian economy has opened up gradually and there has been an increase in the inflow of foreign funds. As a result, investors in India and worldwide are worried about managing their wealth and looking at alternative ways to maintaining and creating wealth. Wea...

  8. WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIPAND EMPOWERMENT IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    JAGDEEP SINGH

    2013-01-01

    Woman constitutes the family, which leads to society and Nation. Social and economic development of women is necessary for overall economic development of any society or country. Entrepreneurship is the state of mind which every woman has in her but has not been capitalized in India in way in which it should be. Due to change in environment, now people are more comfortable to accept leading role of women in our society, though there are some exceptions. Women entrepreneurship development is a...

  9. Defence Food Research in India

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, T. R.

    1984-01-01

    "The Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore, is a major centre of research in India, particularly in defence feeding. It is multi-disciplinary laboratory, well equipped to do research work in food technology, food preservation, packaging, nutrition and biochemistry and food microbiology. Special emphasis is laid on development of light weight processed food suiting Indian palate. This paper gives a bird's eye view of the activities and achievements of the laboratory and indicates the...

  10. Psychiatric Thoughts in Ancient India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Abhyankar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of the literature regarding psychiatric thoughts in ancient India is attempted. Besides interesting reading, many of the concepts are still relevant and can be used in day-to-day practice especially towards healthy and happy living. Certain concepts are surprisingly contemporary and valid today. They can be used in psychotherapy and counselling and for promoting mental health. However, the description and classification of mental illness is not in tune with modern psychiatry.

  11. Understanding Food Inflation in India

    OpenAIRE

    Sen Gupta, Abhijit; Bhattacharya, Rudrani; Rao, Narhari

    2014-01-01

    Persistently high food inflation has been one of the major concerns facing India over the last few years. With nearly a quarter of the population living below the poverty line, the persistence of food inflation at high levels is extremely undesirable. In this paper, we analyse the behaviour and determinants of food inflation over the recent past. We introduce structural breaks to identify the different phases of food inflation during the last three decades, and evaluate the persistence of foo...

  12. Coal ash utilisation in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coal based thermal power stations have been the major source of power generation in our country in the past and would continue for decades to come. In India, thermal generation which contributes about 72% of the overall power generation of 2,45,000 MU (1989-90) is the main source of power and mainly based on coal firing. Total ash generation in India presently is to the tune of 38 million tonnes per annum. India is fourth in the world as far as coal ash generation is concerned. USSR is first, (100 million tonnes), then come USA (45 million tonnes) and China (41 million tonnes). The basic problem of thermal power station fired with high ash content coal is the generation of huge quantity of coal ash which would pose serious environmental and other related problems. The present paper analyses the extensive scope of utilisation of coal ash and enlightens the strategies to be adopted to overcome the related problems for proper utilisation of coal ash. (author). 9 tabs

  13. Can India Overtake China Economically?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓

    2007-01-01

    The China-India comparison has grabbed the attention of overseas scholars in recent years.The importance of this article is that,in addition to comparing Chinese and Indian economies in terms of economic growth rate,economic size,financial system,social development benchmark and infrastructure,etc.,the author also carries out an in.depth analysis of China’s and India’s rapid economic growth sustainability-which is the most important evidence to be considered in judging whether India can overtake China. More significantly,the author analyzes the economic meaning of the China-India economic comparison from a broader macro-perspective:is software infrastructure or hardware infrastructure the core driver of economic growth in developing countries? What kind of government is more conducive to the economic growth of post-developing counties? What kind of political system is more favourable to economic growth? This article deepens our understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting the economic growth of developing countries.

  14. American Indian Influence on the American Pharmacopeia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Virgil J.

    The first U.S. Pharmacopeia, issued in 1820, listed 296 substances of animal, mineral, or vegetable origin in its primary and secondary lists. Of these 130, nearly all of vegetable origin, represented drugs used by American Indians. The number grew at each decennial revision during the 19th century, though some drugs were listed only for a decade.…

  15. How Culture Influences the "Social" in Social Media: Socializing and Advertising on Smartphones in India and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muralidharan, Sidharth; La Ferle, Carrie; Sung, Yongjun

    2015-06-01

    The importance of the mobile phone is evidenced by predictions that there will be 1.76 billion smartphone users worldwide at the start of 2015. A country that is spearheading this movement toward the digital era is India. To illustrate this, India is expected to surpass the United States in 2015 and record the second highest smartphone sales globally. Despite the rising penetration and adoption of smartphones, there is limited advertising research that sheds light on the Indian smartphone user. The current study aims to fill that void by cross-culturally comparing a national online panel of smartphone users from India (n=158) with users from the United States (n=114). Findings reveal that entertainment impacts Indians' attitudes toward smartphone advertising while informativeness is stronger for the American sample. Collectivism was found to be the driving force behind socializing activities on social networking sites for Indian consumers. Implications are discussed. PMID:25977980

  16. A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF MEDIA BIAS AND NEGATIVE PORTRAYAL OF INDIA BYWESTERN MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Garg

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The study is a content analysis of randomly selected films, television shows, documentaries and docudramas produced by media houses in US and UK . The aim was to study the way India and Indian people are being /have been portrayed in the west. The results clearly indicate towards western media bias towards developing nations ,India being the major concern of the study. The study aimed at analyzing and putting forth the reasons and motives behind the media bias against third world countries and India in particular .While studying the content , several startling differences were found in the characterization of Indians. The bias is clearly visible on the basis of various variables like characterization , culture, pollution, population, natural calamities, traditions, poverty , religion and living standards. The past and present scenario of Intercultural and International Communication simply shows that since the beginning India has been portrayed as a country occupied by snake charmers, slum dwellers, uneducated rickshaw pullers who are bound in shackles of poverty and superstitions and only American or British superheroes can save it.

  17. American Studies in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Fasce

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the early 1990s, introducing the Journal of American History’s internationalization project, Maurizio Vaudagna urged his Italian colleagues and all “non-English-speaking American historians in Europe […] to abandon the melancholic but somewhat comfortable situation of being marginal in both worlds.” More than a decade later, now that studying American history has been enormously complicated by the seismic changes connected with the end of the Cold War, the tragedy of 9/11, and the attendan...

  18. CHARACTERISTICS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦娟; 黄舜

    2007-01-01

    The large scale colonization of America by British settlers took place in the seventeenth century.During the process,the immigrants brought English to America.They desert great influence to the development of American English.After the civil war,American got political independence,and then there arose a tendency to develop an American brand of English.Famous persons like Thomas Jeffe,Benjamin,Franklin,and Noah Webster began to consider that the country should have a language of its own.

  19. LOLITA - THE AMERICAN NIGHTMARE

    OpenAIRE

    GRISELDA (ABAZAJ) DANGLLI

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with the analysis of Lolita seen through the lenses of the American society and norms of today. We will see that many observations of the American way of behaving and social norms still hold true even nowadays years after this novel was written. Nabokov, on the other hand, never accepted the fact that this novel probed into the very depths of American life and that his intentions were purely aesthetic. Nevertheless, the phenomenon of pedophilia, obvious in the book, is a po...

  20. American Studies in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Luca

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available American Studies at the University of BucharestThe idea of teaching American Studies and founding a program in American Studies was first voiced in the long meetings of faculty and students held at the University of Bucharest soon after the collapse of the communist regime. The proposal was one of many that reflected the spirit of reform and hope for radical changes at the outset of Romania’s transition to democracy. The absence of institutional structures other than English departments and t...

  1. India's "nowhere" girls. Voices of girls 1: India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, S

    1998-01-01

    In India, a 12-year-old girl rises before dawn to complete household chores before heading off to work in the fields herding animals or plucking weeds. When this work is unavailable, she migrates to quarries or brick kilns with her landless parents. This scenario is not unusual, as millions of Indian girls are denied schooling so they can contribute to their family's income. Child agricultural laborers are invisible in official statistics, and girls have a harder life than their brothers who have no household duties and are given more to eat. A large number of girls work in factories or homes producing matches, incense, cigarettes, locks, or brassware or polishing gems. There are no statistics describing how many girls are domestic servants in Bombay or rag-pickers, fish-cleaners, or beggars, but an estimated 500,000 girls under age 15 work as prostitutes. Child labor is defined as work that is detrimental to a child's growth and development, and there are 20-100 million child laborers in India. In Bombay, most girl laborers live and work in conditions that threaten their health, and they experience malnutrition and its attendant diseases as well as occupational hazards. Girls also suffer from the son preference that reduces the amount of time girls are breast fed, the amount of health care they receive, their access to education, and their marriage age. Legislation against child labor has proved ineffectual and will continue to be useless until poverty is reduced in India, educational statutes are enforced, and other policy issues are addressed. PMID:12321765

  2. Country report INDIA - MFS II EVALUATIONS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lensink, R.; Bedi, A.; Gangopadhyay, S.; Ghosh, N.; Goderis, B.; Kumar Yadav, B.; Meesters, A.; Prasad Mohapatra, B.; Rao Sahib, P.; Sethi, S.; Sharma, P.; Srinivasan, S.; Klaver, D.C.; Desalos, C.B.; Hofstede, M.; Wadhwa, S.; Pandey, R.; Madaan, A.; Kalra, A.; Kusters, C.S.L.; Bhargava, S.; Buizer, N.N.; Kishore Das, A.; Wilson Bhatra, R.; Sen, P.; Bulte, E.; Pradhan, M.

    2015-01-01

    This report on India is one of a series of evaluation reports, consisting of ten reports in total, reflecting the results of the jointly-organised MFS II evaluation: - Eight country reports (India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Uganda, Indonesia, DR Congo, Liberia, Pakistan); - A synthesis report (covering

  3. Monetary Policy and Economic Development in India

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Rituparna

    2006-01-01

    This paper tries to examine the relationship between monetary policy and output growth in India and found that monetary policy is more successful in USA while more money is chasing few goods in India relative to USA. Since this work is not done by anybody else, comparison of results is not needed.

  4. Spatial Dynamics of Electricity Usage in India

    OpenAIRE

    Ghani, Ejaz; Goswami, Arti Grover; Kerr, William R.

    2014-01-01

    India's manufacturing sector has undergone many spatial adjustments since 1989, including, for example, the organized sector's migration to rural locations, the powerful rise of informal manufacturing within cities, and the development of intermediate cities for manufacturing. This paper investigates the impact of these spatial adjustments for electricity usage in India s manufacturing sec...

  5. Reimbursement for critical care services in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Jayaram

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available There are significant variations in critical care practices, costs, and reimbursements in various countries. Of note, there is a paucity of reliable information on remuneration and reimbursement models for intensivists in India. This review article aims to analyze the existing reimbursement models in United States and United Kingdom and propose a frame-work model that may be applicable in India.

  6. India's Urban war: Through the Smoke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaur, Ravinder

    2008-01-01

    The assimilation of India's urban terror attacks into a global narrative of Islamist violence carries the danger that their domestic social and historical roots will be missed, says Ravinder Kaur.......The assimilation of India's urban terror attacks into a global narrative of Islamist violence carries the danger that their domestic social and historical roots will be missed, says Ravinder Kaur....

  7. ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH

    OpenAIRE

    Sachinkumar M Kattimani

    2015-01-01

    India's links with Bangladesh are civilization, cultural, social and economic. There is much that unites the two countries – a shared history and common heritage, linguistic and cultural ties, passion for music, literature and the arts. With Bangladesh, India shares not only a common history of struggle for freedom and liberation but also enduring feelings of both fraternal as well as familial ties.

  8. A REVIEW OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Mudasir Majid Malik; Asima Nusrath

    2014-01-01

    The Indian Tourism Industry has flourished in the past few years, significantly contributing to the nation's Development, Gross Domestic Product, Foreign Exchange Earnings and Employment. India with her enriched beauty is unambiguously one of the most viable candidates for promoting tourism. Since the past few years, Government of India has undertaken various measures to promote tourism.

  9. Benthos of the EEZ of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ansari, Z.A.; Ingole, B.S.; Parulekar, A.H.

    stream_size 13 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name India_EEZ_1996_74.pdf.txt stream_source_info India_EEZ_1996_74.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  10. India has got the best possible agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Indians wanted an agreement that will be acceptable to their people and the IAEA wanted to make sure that Uncle Sam was on board. The positions of both are reflected in the balanced document that has been emerged from negotiations. The terms of the proposed inspections have been set without compromising India's sovereign right to manage its nuclear facilities in its best interests in the spirit of the India-US Joint Statement of 2005. The non-proliferationists complain that India got away with too much and the liberationists complain that India gave away too much in the negotiations on the safeguards agreement. The fact that India has nuclear weapons make the inspections less stringent. The expectations is that as India switches to indigenous fuel, the inspections will cease altogether. Much has been said about the reference to the 'corrective measures' that India may take in the event of disruption of supplies. The non- proliferationists and the liberationists find this provision too vague. One windfall that has come in India's way, whether by design or as logical consequence of the new approach, is that the other safeguards agreements, which are applicable to facilities that use imported fuel, will be suspended as long as the new safeguards agreement is in force. The goodwill of the IAEA and its Director General, Mohammed ElBaradei, has played a major role in the accomplish of this agreement.

  11. Food security policies in India and China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Wusheng; Elleby, Christian; Zobbe, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Food insecurity is a much more serious concern in India than China. In addition to income and poverty differences, we argue in this paper that differences in food policies can further explain the different food security outcomes across the two countries. First, India mostly uses price-based input...

  12. India's Journey Toward an Effective Patent System

    OpenAIRE

    Abramson, Bruce

    2007-01-01

    The decade following India's accession to the World Trade Organization's Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property ushered in numerous changes to the country's patent system, culminating in a series of amendments in 2005. But a functioning patent system is more than a statute. This paper discusses the steps that India must still take to develop an effective, functioning patent syste...

  13. Linear Collider partners woo newly opened India

    CERN Multimedia

    Bagla, Pallava

    2006-01-01

    "With the wheels of Air Force One barely off the tarmac following U.S. President George W. Bush's visit, which ended India's 3 decades as a nuclear pariah state, a delegation of U.S. and European physicists arrived here last week to discuss India's involvement in the International Linear Collider."

  14. India's Higher Education Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altbach, Philip G.

    2014-01-01

    India, with the world's second largest higher education system and a rapidly growing economy as one of the BRIC nations, faces significant challenges in building both capacity and excellence in higher education. India's higher education system is characterized by "islands of excellence in a sea of mediocrity." The mainstream…

  15. Adubos foliares quelatizados e sais na absorção de boro, manganês e zinco em laranjeira ‘Pera’ Chelated foliar fertilizers and salts in the absortion of boron, manganese and zinc by 'Pera' orange trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique dos Santos

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo comparar a eficiência de formulações de adubos foliares quelatizados na absorção dos micronutrientes boro, manganês e zinco, com a aplicação convencional de sais em plantas de laranjeira ‘Pera’ (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck. Para tanto foi conduzido experimento nas dependências do Departamento de Ciência do Solo da Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas UNESP/Campus de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo. Utilizaram-se plantas de laranjeira ‘Pera’ (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck enxertadas sobre limoeiro ‘Cravo’ (Citrus limonia Osbeck, com 2 anos de idade, plantadas em caixas de 250 litros. Os adubos foliares utilizados foram: Grex Citros na dose de 1,0 mL L-1; Copas citros 2,0 mL L-1; Plantin Citros 1,0 mL L-1; Citrolino 2,0 mL L-1; Fertamin Citros 1,75 mL L-1; Yogen Citros 2,0 mL L-1; MS-2 1,0 mL L-1; Sais, Sais + 1,0 g L-1 de KCl e Sais substituindo o ZnSO4 pelo ZnCl2. O volume de aplicação, foi de 1 litro de calda planta-1. Em todos os tratamentos adicionou-se o espalhante adesivo do grupo químico dos alquifenoletoxilados a 0,03%. A amostragem das folhas foi realizada 30 dias após a aplicação dos tratamentos, coletando-se a 3a ou 4a folha de ramos vegetativos no início do florescimento, dos 4 quadrantes, localizados na região mediana da planta, totalizando 10 folhas por planta. A aplicação foliar de micronutrientes, favoreceu a absorção e resultou no aumento do teor foliar de Mn e Zn mas não de B, sendo que a presença de cloreto aumentou os teores de Zn na folhas de laranjeira ‘Pera’, proporcionando maior absorção do que o sulfato e sulfato adicionado ao cloreto de potássio. Os resultados mostram, também, que os produtos quelatizados Yogen e MS-2, para as condições deste estudo, não foram eficientes como fontes fornecedoras de Mn.To compare the of chelated foliar fertilizers with salt conventional application in the absorption of boron, manganese and zinc in orange

  16. Efeito da concentração de sais e fitorreguladores na indução de calos em carqueja Callus induction in "carqueja" as affected by salt concentrations and growth regulators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Guimarães Silva

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se este trabalho com o objetivo de estudar condições nutricionais e hormonais para maximizar a produção de calos friáveis de carqueja [Baccharis trimera (Less. DC]. Foi verificado que a iniciação de calo é dependente de fitorreguladores e da concentração do meio. A melhor indução de calo ocorreu em meio MS contendo 50% da concentração de sais, inositol e vitaminas, suplementado com 15,0 mM ANA. Proliferação de brotos foi obtida pelo uso de TDZ.The influence of various growth regulators and medium concentrations, in different quantities, on the in vitro callus induction of carqueja [Baccharis trimera (Less. DC.] was evaluated. It was found that the callus initiation was dependent on both, the growth regulator and medium concentration. The highest callus induction and development were obtained by using 15.0 mM 1-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA as growth regulators and half strength of salts, vitamins, and myo-inositol of Murashige and Skoog medium. In vitro shoot proliferation was obtained by using thidiazuron.

  17. Eltérnek-e a nemzetközileg szokásostól a posztszocialista országok egészségügyi kiadásai?

    OpenAIRE

    Kornai, János; McHale, John

    2001-01-01

    Milyen tényezők határozzák meg egy ország egészségügyi kiadásait? Milyen ténye zők hatnak e kiadásoknak az állami szektor által finanszírozott részarányára? E té nyezők hatását figyelembe véve, eltérnek-e a posztszocialista országok egészség ügyi kiadásai a szokásostól? Az OECD-országok esetében az egy főre jutó egész ségügyi kiadások és az egy főre jutó jövedelem szoros összefüggést, 1,5 körüli ru galmassági értéket mutat. A fejlődő országokban e rugalmassági mutató értéke egy körül van. A k...

  18. American Society of Neuroradiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to announce Mary Beth Hepp, MBA, as the society’s next executive director, replacing James B. Gantenberg, FACHE ... Contact Search form Search 2005-2015 Copyright American Society of Neuroradiology OM Base Theme 2016 | V7.x- ...

  19. American Society of Hematology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Main Navigation Account Navigation Main Content American Society of Hematology ASH Store ASH Job Center ASH Apps Share Your Idea Donate My Account Search Show Main Menu + About Awards Membership ASH ...

  20. American Music Therapy Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Music Therapy Association Home Contact News Help/FAQ Members Only Login Quick Links Facts About Music Therapy Qualifications ... with AMTA Sponsor AMTA Events Social Networking Support Music Therapy When you shop at AmazonSmile, Amazon will ...

  1. American Therapeutic Recreation Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Remember Me I forgot my password American Therapeutic Recreation Association Promoting Health & Wellness Services Annual Conference 2016 ... and leave your opinion Join thousands of Therapeutic Recreation specialists today Join Now Renew your membership today ...

  2. American Samoa Longline Logbook

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data system contains the logbook data of vessels unloading in American Samoa. In 1992, the logbooks of three longline trips conducting an experiment to test...

  3. American Sleep Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Public Health Professionals Join ASA Press Room American Sleep Association Share What is Sleep ? Insight into the ... Forums Contact Us Login Join ASA – for FREE Sleep Blog ASA Charitable Work – Sleeping Children Around the ...

  4. American Telemedicine Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ATA On Twitter Tweets by @AmericanTelemed ATA On Facebook Physicians and Clinicians Increase your reach as a ... the global deployment of telemedicine. ATA provides proven marketing opportunities, connecting buyers and sellers. Upcoming Trade Shows ...

  5. Native American Tribal Websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Eric L.

    1999-01-01

    Lists Web sites maintained by 38 different Native American nations that deal with topics ranging from tribal history, news, arts and crafts, tourism, entertainment, and commerce. Represented nations include Apache, Blackfeet, Creek, Iroquois, Mohegan, and Sioux. (CMK)

  6. Native Americans and Diabetes

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Her children's father is an African-American. This means her children have inherited genes from the three ... name and that's what makes me think a little bit more about people and their feet, especially ...

  7. American Tinnitus Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Tinnitus Association Donate Become A Member Member Login Find A Provider Search form Search Menu Close Understanding The Facts Managing Your Tinnitus Research Toward A Cure About Us Initiatives News & ...

  8. Contemporary American Physics Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Alan J.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the works by six contemporary American novelists that illustrate the current state of "physics fiction." The discussed examples of physics fiction ranged from the fluent and frequent inclusion of the casual, to the elaborate systems of physics metaphors. (GA)

  9. American Samoa Cannery Offloading

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — From 1995 through 2010, the two canneries in American Samoa provided Cannery Offloading Reports to the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources (DMWR) office. In...

  10. American Heart Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... American Heart area Search by State SELECT YOUR LANGUAGE Español (Spanish) 简体中文 (Traditional Chinese) 繁体中文 (Simplified Chinese) Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Healthy Living Conditions Caregiver ...

  11. Native Americans and Diabetes

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Do you want another pickle? Child: I got a big pickle! Announcer: The 48-year-old from ... Announcer: She had an American Indian mother and a Hispanic father. Her children's father is an African- ...

  12. American College of Rheumatology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lists Supporters About Us Leadership Careers at ACR Social Media Newsroom Annual Reports & Financial Statements Policies & Guidelines Connect Join Donate © 2016 American College of Rheumatology. All rights reserved. Website Policies Sitemap ...

  13. ILLEGAL ALIENS RUINING INDIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahoor Ahmad Rather

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Migration has now come to be regarded as one of the new 'security threat' as it involves not only human and personal security and human rights issues but also has internal and international security implications. The massive influx of illegal migration from Bangladesh to India and its impact on security and other issues of national interest. This massive illegal immigration had initially resulted in demographic changes in the bordering states added socio-economic problems, communal tension in border areas and criminal offences like thefts and robberies in India. Bangladeshis migrate to India because of both 'Pull and Push factors'. There is no accurate number of such illegal aliens in India; some say there are as many as 40 million Bangladeshi Muslim migrants in India. Unless the issue of illegal migration is resolved comprehensively, it will have implications for our foreign and security policy besides being highly sensitive politically.

  14. Frequency Usage and Digital Dividend in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Patil, Kishor P.; Prasad, Ramjee; Skouby, Knud Erik

    2013-01-01

    services particularly, GSM from the spectrum occupancy measurement campaign conducted in Pune, India. We observed the highest occupancy rate in the 2G cellular telecom services band. This shows the demand for mobile telecom services is high in India, and so for the spectrum. The International...... Telecommunication Union (ITU) has shown a huge demand for the spectrum in its future projection. There is an urgent need of spectrum allocation for the cellular telecom services in India. The results of our measurement campaign endorses the decision of India to identify the 698–806 MHz band (700 MHz band) for the...... International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) services which is also in the line of ITU initiative of global harmonization in IMT band. Further, we discuss about the switchover plan from analogue to digital Television (TV) in India, and resulting digital dividend spectrum (700 MHz band) from spectrum refarming...

  15. Present and Future Energy Scenario in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, S.; Bhattacharyya, B.; Gupta, V. K.

    2014-09-01

    India's energy sector is one of the most critical components of an infrastructure that affects India's economic growth and therefore is also one of the largest industries in India. India has the 5th largest electricity generating capacity and is the 6th largest energy consumer amounting for around 3.4 % of global energy consumption. India's energy demand has grown at 3.6 % pa over the past 30 years. The consumption of the energy is directly proportional to the progress of manpower with ever growing population, improvement in the living standard of the humanity and industrialization of the developing countries. Very recently smart grid technology can attribute important role in energy scenario. Smart grid refers to electric power system that enhances grid reliability and efficiency by automatically responding to system disturbances. This paper discusses the new communication infrastructure and scheme designed to integrate data.

  16. Rheumatology in India--quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handa, Rohini

    2015-03-01

    Rheumatology has been a neglected subspecialty in India. A staggering patient load, a severely inadequate number of trained rheumatology specialists, therapeutic nihilism and limited advocacy are some of the critical challenges that confront rheumatology care, and possibly explain the high rates of reliance on complementary and alternative medicines in India. Disease spectrum and treatment patterns are not remarkably different from those in other countries, but biologic agents have limited use and are administered for short periods only. Consequently, outcomes in India do not yet match those reported in developed countries. Furthermore, the high prevalence of infectious diseases continues to be a major contributor to mortality in patients with rheumatic disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus. Several tropical diseases with rheumatic manifestations are relevant in India, including chikungunya, brucellosis, leptospirosis, dengue and melioidosis. To address the many problems with rheumatology care in India, curricular reforms, capacity building, patient education and political support are sorely needed. PMID:25366186

  17. INDIA'S TOURISM SECTOR CONTRIBUTION AND POTENTIALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DINKAR P. TAKALE

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available India is endowed with both natural and man-made attractions such as coast lines, snow capped mountains, wild life, heritage sights and monuments, hearth-taking picturesque etc. India has tremendous potential to promote inbound and outbound tourism. Tourism industry is the potential industry for generating foreign exchange and employment for the developing country like India. Tourism sector has become an important tool for achieving economic self-sufficiency in India through promoting international tourism. This study is depending on secondary data. The needed secondary data were collected from various sources like RBI, Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India, WTTC etc. Tourism sector capabilities of income generation, employment potential and poverty alleviation are quite considerable.

  18. UK-India CBM technology transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Creedy, D.P.; Garner, K.; Vrolijk, C. [Wardell Armstrong, Newcastle-under-Lyme (United Kingdom)

    2005-12-15

    The aim of this UK-India coalbed methane (CBM) technology transfer project was to promote the development of CBM gas extraction and utilisation techniques appropriate to the geological and mining conditions in India, focusing on coal mine methane (CMM) and abandoned mine methane (AMM) needs. The potential use of environmental support mechanism under the Kyoto Agreement to project development was also explored. Two of the most advanced, gassy coal mines in India were selected as case study sites: Moonidih coal mine and North Amlabad coal mine. Background data were gathered on the two mines and supplemented by observations made during the UK team visit to India in December 2004. The report concludes that opportunities exist for UK companies in VCBM, CMM and DMM in India. 12 refs., 4 figs., 2 apps.

  19. Adolescent health in Asia: insights from India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basker, Mona M

    2016-08-01

    Adolescents living in the Indian subcontinent form a significant proportion of the general population. India is home to 236 million adolescents, who make up one-fifth of the total population of India. Adolescent health is gradually considered an important issue by the government of India. Awareness is increasing about adolescent needs. Health care professionals in particular are becoming more interested in the specific needs of adolescent age. Adolescent medicine as a subspecialty of pediatrics has also gained importance gradually over the last decade. In a hospital setting, adolescent-specific needs are met, albeit not in a uniform manner in all the health centers. After having been trained in adolescent medicine in India and abroad, I present this paper as a bird's eye view of the practice of adolescent health and medicine in India. PMID:27447203

  20. Searching for South Asian intelligence: psychometry in British India, 1919-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setlur, Shivrang

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the introduction and development of intelligence testing in British India. Between 1919 and 1940 experimenters such as C. Herbert Rice, Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, and Venkatrao Vithal Kamat imported a number of intelligence tests, adapting them to suit a variety of South Asian languages and contexts. Charting South Asian psychometry's gradual move from American missionary efforts toward the state, this paper argues that political reforms in the 1920s and 1930s affected how psychometry was "indigenized" in South Asia. Describing how approaches to race and caste shifted across instruments and over time, this paper charts the gradual recession, within South Asian psychometry, of a "race" theory of caste. Describing some of the ways in which this "late colonial" period affected the postcolonial landscape, the paper concludes by suggesting potential lines for further inquiry into the later career of intelligence testing in India and Pakistan. PMID:25183435

  1. American Studies in Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éva Federmayer

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The beginning of American Studies as an academic discipline at Hungarian colleges and universities is basically coterminous with the watershed years of 1989-1990 when the country made a radical shift from state socialism toward parliamentary democracy and a free economy. This political and economic about-face, which came hand in hand with the undermining of foundationalist certainties and the generation of new anxieties coincided, more or less, with the radical transformation that American St...

  2. American Pet Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    海焰

    2007-01-01

    In America you can find dogs,cats, horses,monkeys, snakes and even pigs in almost every family.They are their pets.Americans love pets and look on them as a part of the family.Sometimes pet owners dress their pets in fashionable clothes.They even buy toys for their pets.Americans love their pets as their children, sometimes even better.

  3. American Studies in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Jopi Nyman

    2005-01-01

    Since its establishment in 1996, the Finnish American Studies Association has sought to promote the field of American Studies in Finland by organizing conferences, events and by increasing networking amongst its scattered membership (ca. 35) working at various universities and other higher education institutions. The current President of the Association is Dr Jopi Nyman (University of Joensuu) and its Secretary is Dr Ari Helo (University of Helsinki). While currently only the University of He...

  4. India's emissions in a climate constrained world

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scientific studies have repeatedly shown the need to prevent the increase in global emissions so that the planet's average temperature does not exceed 2 deg. C over pre-industrial levels. While the divisions between Annex 1 and non-Annex nations continue to prevent the realization of a comprehensive global climate treaty, all members of the G-20 (incidentally also major emitters) have agreed to prevent the rise in global temperatures above 2 deg. C. This requires that nations consider budgeting their carbon emissions. India presents a unique case study to examine how a major emitter facing a desperate need to increase energy consumption will meet this challenge. The Greenhouse Development Rights (GDR) framework, perhaps considered the most favorable with respect to the responsibility and capacity of India to reduce emissions, was used to explore India's emissions trajectory. India's emissions have been pegged to the pathway required to meet the 2 deg. C target by non-Annex countries. The results have been compared to the expected emissions from 11 energy fuel mix scenarios up to the year 2031 forecasted by the Planning Commission of India. Results reveal that none of the 11 energy scenarios would help India meet its emissions target if it were to follow the 2 deg. C pathway. A thought experiment is followed to explore how India may meet this target. This includes a sensitivity analysis targeting coal consumption, the biggest contributor to India's emissions. - Highlights: → Reducing emissions within a 2 deg. C climate constrained world requires budgeting of global carbon. → The Greenhouse Development Rights Framework can operationalize articles of the UNFCCC. → India's Integrated Energy Policy 11 scenarios reveal that it will exceed the 2 deg. C target. → Framing India's emissions within a 2 deg. C pathway helps envision the required energy mix.

  5. India's "Look East" Policy: Geopolitical,Historical and Perceptional Changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Xiaoqiang

    2004-01-01

    Substantial progress has been made in the India-ASEAN relations since India advanced and implemented the "Look East" strategy after the Cold War. India became ASEAN's sectoral dialogue partner in January 1992 and full dialogue partner in 1995, and joined ARF in July 1996. With the establishment of India-ASEAN Summit regime in 2002, the fourth "Ten Plus One" formally kicked off.

  6. 7 CFR 319.56-46 - Mangoes from India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mangoes from India. 319.56-46 Section 319.56-46... from India. Mangoes (Mangifera indica) may be imported into the continental United States from India only under the following conditions: (a) The mangoes must be treated in India with irradiation...

  7. 76 FR 18248 - Sulfanilic Acid From China and India

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... countervailing duty orders on imports of sulfanilic acid from India (57 FR 12025 ] and 12026). Following five... sulfanilic acid from China and India (65 FR 36404). Following second five-year reviews by Commerce and the... sulfanilic acid from India and the antidumping duty orders on sulfanilic acid from China and India (71...

  8. Contemporary American Chinese Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Huafei

    2008-01-01

    The rise of modern American scholarship on China was largely attributed to the establishment of the American Joint Committee on Contemporary China (JCCC) in 1959 which sponsored all kinds of activities to promote Chinese studies, ranging from institutional support and financial resources to training courses. Since then, American study of China has entered into a period of sustainability that features academic and group-oriented research. It has become a mainstream discipline in American social science studies.1 There are some distinctive differences between early sinology and modern Chinese Studies: the latter is much more concentrated on the study of issues, comparative historical studies, and contemporary Chinese society. American Chinese studies stresses empirical research, textual data, and the application of theory to practice.Shanghai. He was a Fulbright visiting professor at State University of New York at Geneseo from 2006-2007. This treatise is one of a series of studies for China's National Research Foundation of Philosophy and Social Science (05BGJ012), "American Chinese Studies."

  9. Girl child in rural India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devendra, K

    1995-01-01

    This article discusses the status of the girl child in rural India. Rural children lack the advantages of modern amenities and facilities, such as transportation, electricity, media, hygiene, health care, and access to education. A young girl's status is related to her mother's status. Women are valued the most when a son is born. Girl children are considered an economic liability in child care costs, dowry costs, and marriage support. Since the 1970s, dowry demands have increased. Daughters must meet the demands of prospective in-law for education and dowry even after marriage. The attitudes of parents, families, and society encourage sex-selective abortion, infanticide, abuse in childhood, and domestic violence in adulthood. It was reported in 1994 that a woman is molested every 26 minutes and raped every 52 minutes. The government of India developed an action plan in 1992 for developing the girl child. Rural girl children spend their time cooking, cleaning, fetching wood and water, caring for children, and working in the fields sowing, transplanting, and weeding. Girl children contribute over 20% of total work at home. The only advantage a girl child has in rural areas is visibility. The greatest disadvantage is that her mother, who faced neglect herself, discriminates against her. Increasingly girl children contribute income to their household from Beedi making, gem polishing, embroidering, or paper bag making. Sometimes girls and boys work in hazardous occupations. Gender disparity is evident in school enrollment, drop out rates, literacy, and employment. In 1994, India passed a universal female education bill that offers parents incentives for access and punishment for keeping a girl out of school. Communities need to create a demand for rural girl children's education. PMID:12158006

  10. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; McNeil, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant

    2009-03-30

    Integrated economic models have been used to project both baseline and mitigation greenhouse gas emissions scenarios at the country and the global level. Results of these scenarios are typically presented at the sectoral level such as industry, transport, and buildings without further disaggregation. Recently, a keen interest has emerged on constructing bottom up scenarios where technical energy saving potentials can be displayed in detail (IEA, 2006b; IPCC, 2007; McKinsey, 2007). Analysts interested in particular technologies and policies, require detailed information to understand specific mitigation options in relation to business-as-usual trends. However, the limit of information available for developing countries often poses a problem. In this report, we have focus on analyzing energy use in India in greater detail. Results shown for the residential and transport sectors are taken from a previous report (de la Rue du Can, 2008). A complete picture of energy use with disaggregated levels is drawn to understand how energy is used in India and to offer the possibility to put in perspective the different sources of end use energy consumption. For each sector, drivers of energy and technology are indentified. Trends are then analyzed and used to project future growth. Results of this report provide valuable inputs to the elaboration of realistic energy efficiency scenarios.

  11. Nuclear desalination activities in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main emphasis of this article is on utilization of nuclear energy for desalination. Nuclear desalination is cheaper, eco-friendly and assists in sustainable growth of total energy generation programme in a country. PHWR type reactors are the main stay of nuclear energy programme in India. Nuclear waste heat for desalination is available in the moderator system of the 220 MW(e) and 500 MW(e) PHWRs. The low temperature evaporation technology (LET) for producing pure water from sea water is also discussed

  12. Yoga en la India antigua

    OpenAIRE

    Román López, María Teresa

    1998-01-01

    Las orientaciones precisas de la religión hindú para desarrollar las capacidades del hombre se hallan bajo el nombre de Yoga. El yoga es un conjunto de técnicas de dominio de sí mismo y meditación, que en el hinduismo adopta distintas modalidades; se puede hablar del yoga hindú, budista, jainista, etc. En sentido más restringido, el término se refiere a una de las seis escuelas ortodoxas de la filosofía india. Asimismo, se designa con la palabra yoga tod...

  13. India-based Neutrino Observatory

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Naba K Mondal; for the INO Collaboration

    2012-11-01

    The current status of the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is summarized. The main physics goals are described followed by the motivation for building a magnetized iron calorimetric (ICAL) detector. The charge identification capability of ICAL would make it complementary to large water Cerenkov and other detectors worldwide. The status of the design of the 50 kt magnet, the construction of a prototype ICAL detector, the experience with resistive plate chambers which will be the active elements in ICAL and the status of the associated electronics and data acquisition system are discussed.

  14. Maternal mortality in southern India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, P S; Amalraj, A

    1994-01-01

    In a 4 year prospective community survey of 20,000 women randomly selected in North Arcot District of Tamil Nadu State in South India, the maternal mortality rates per 1,000 liveborn were estimated to be 17.4 and 16.6 for rural and semi-urban areas, respectively. The rates based only on direct causes were 11.9 in rural and 14.4 in semi-urban areas. As expected, these figures are considerably higher than those based on official or hospital statistics. Factors associated with such high mortality and the implications for programme planning and implementation are discussed. PMID:7855917

  15. GLOBAL TURBULENCE AND INDIA'S PREPAREDNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAMDE SAGAR V.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid of September and October Govt. of India with initiative of Hon. Prime Minister and Finance Minister take one step ahead towards the reforms. It is supported by Confederation of Indian Industries (CII and some economist. The Prime Minister is of the opinion that this dose will boost the Indian Economy. Since long back he is emphasizing that the present reduction is growth rate, inflation, less employment opportunities and downfall in value of rupee is the impact of global turbulence.We have observed analysis and evaluated new Economic Policy for last two decades. There are positive and negative impacts of accepting adopting the new Economic Policy (NEP the ingredients of this policy is globalization, liberalization and privatization.After 2007-08 or the period of downsizing the world economy, India is doing better and will do better in near future. There is necessity of confirm agenda assured step and political consensus for this purpose. The country is equipped with abundance natural resources and reach tradition of agriculture which can be put to use for facing challenges, Agriculture package, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI acceleration of public private partnership in the opening of insurance and pension sector of economy are examples of accepting the challenges of new economic world order

  16. Flora of Bokaro, Jharkhand, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddique E. N.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study on floristic survey of Angiospermic trees of Bokaro District (Jharkhand, India with special reference to their uses. Jharkhand area is under dense forest cover with high biodiversity, it attracted a number of people from different part of the world for study of flora. In which Bokaro district is also known as steel plant is one of the twenty- four districts of Jharkhand state, India. The vegetation of Bokaro District comes under the tropical moist deciduous forest having various type of plant having economic importance, but due to rapid industrialization Bokaro Steel Limited (BSL and urbanization its flora has been affected and most of the trees has been lost .In this regard BSL has attempted to restore the atmospheric climatic condition and in this way they have planted many exotic species. Various type of exotic species are found in Bokaro district as follows Annona reticulate , Annona squamosa , Azadirachta indica , Adansonia digitata , Swietenia mahagoni , Litchi chinensis , Caesalpinia pulcherima , Delonix regia , Acacia auriculaeformis etc, is covering the vast land rapidly. Shorearobusta is the dominant tree found in large scale in petarwar. Shorea robusta Garetn. (Sal, Sakhua is a tree from which human society gets lots of benefits. The seed of the tree are used for fat extraction. The timber of the tree is of great importance mainly used in railway sleepers, pillars, used in making boats,ships,etc.

  17. Power sector reforms in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajaj, Harbans L.; Sharma, Deepak

    2007-07-01

    India faces endemic electrical energy and peaking shortages. The Power Sector is plagued with mounting commercial losses due various inefficiencies, colossal commercial and technical losses and increasing subsidy burden on the states. These shortages have had a very detrimental effect on the overall economic growth of the country. In order to re-vitalise the sector and improve the techno-economic performance, the Government of India has initiated the reform process in 1991. This paper analyses the pre-reform era and identifies the key concerns which led to the initiation of the reforms. It also analyses the likely impact of the major policy and regulatory initiatives that have been undertaken since 1991 including the provisions of the new enactments which have come into force eventually in the form of The Electricity Act, 2003. This paper details out the key features of the Act and its likely impact on the Indian electricity industry in the emerging scenario. The paper also discusses major issues like power trading, role of regulator in the new regime, issue of open access, introduction of power markets and role of Appellate Tribunal for Electricity in harmonizing the orders of the various regulators.

  18. Aeromagnetic study of peninsular India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Harikumar; Mita Rajaram; T S Balakrishnan

    2000-09-01

    The degree sheet Aeromagnetic maps up to 17°N, acquired from the Geological Survey of India, have been manually redigitised at 6 minute intervals to study the long wavelength anomalies over peninsular India. These data have been collected at different survey altitude, epochs, flight line directions, etc. Great care has been taken to correct the total field map and remove the contribution due to the core field and prepare an accurate crustal anomaly map. For the first time, a regional map, depicting the NW-SE structural features north of the orthopyroxene isograd with the essentially E-W features to the south of it and revealing several well known structures, is presented. The analytical signal is calculated to delineate the source fields of these anomalies. It dramatically maps the charnockites and is able to delineate the orthopyroxene isograd. In the Dharwar region the magnetic signatures are associated with the intrusives/ iron ore bodies. Thus, we find that the source rocks of the aeromagnetic anomalies are the host province of charnockites in the SGT and the intrusives/iron ore bodies in the Dharwar belt. Gravity residuals are calculated and a tectonic map of the region is presented from the combined geopotential data.

  19. Veterinary herbal medicines in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shruti Rastogi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available India has a rich and diversified flora. It is seen that synthetic drugs could pose serious problems, are toxic and costly. In contrast to this, herbal medicines are relatively nontoxic, cheaper and are eco-friendly. Moreover, the people have used them for generations. They have also been used in day-to-day problems of healthcare in animals. 25% of the drugs prescribed worldwide come from plants. Almost 75% of the medicinal plants grow naturally in different states of India. These plants are known to cure many ailments in animals like poisoning, cough, constipation, foot and mouth disease, dermatitis, cataract, burning, pneumonia, bone fractures, snake bites, abdominal pains, skin diseases etc. There is scarce review of such information (veterinary herbals in the literature. The electronic and manual search was made using various key words such as veterinary herbal, ethno-veterinary medicines etc. and the content systematically arranged. This article deals with the comprehensive review of 45 medicinal plant species that are official in Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP 2014. The botanical names, family, habitat, plant part used and pharmacological actions, status in British Pharmacopoeia 2014, USP 36 are mentioned. Also, a relationship between animal and human dose, standardization and regulatory aspects of these selected veterinary herbals are provided.

  20. Mechatronics Engineering Education in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bajpai Shrish

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Present paper aims to give an insight in the field of Mechatronics, specifically its standard of education in India. We have investigated this field right from its origin. We have analyzed how it expanded as a proper discipline of engineering and in which direction the development in this field is going now and, at the same time, its status of education in India and where we are in addressing the industry’s need both in terms of quality and quantity of students. We have also assessed why Mechatronics is an essential branch considering its multi-disciplinary nature. The pount is that it holds blatant importance for time to come. Life’s most complicated problems cannot be addressed by the knowledge of only one engineering science. In today’s world we need professionals who are “good jack(s of all trades and master(s of one” changing the old saying. For implementing this edited saying students will need to address real-world problems, so laboratory-based learning should be even more emphasized in this branch. Consequently, we have also looked on the laboratory works that are included in these courses, considering what aspects should be covered in them. Skillsets required by students such as implementation of hardware, coding, system modeling have been also discussed. Future prospects in this discipline have also been explored. The epilogue consists in recommendations to educational institutions based on our findings.

  1. Uranium Mining and Remediation in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the present situation of uranium mining and remediation in India. In India, the nuclear energy sector encompassing the complete fuel cycle is under the control of Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. (UCIL), a public sector undertaking under Department of Atomic Energy, with its headquarter at Jaduguda has been operating four underground mines, one opencast mine and two ore processing plants in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state. All these units are located in a geologically significant province - called Singhbhum Shear Zone, known for its uranium-copper resources. In addition, two large uranium mining and processing projects have been planned in the States of Andhra Pradesh and Meghalaya. These mines will be brought into production during the period between 2007 and 2012, and thereby increase the uranium production in the country for India's nuclear power programme. Though the mining operations for uranium in India commenced way back in the year 1968, no uranium mine has been closed so far in India. (author)

  2. Analysis of india and Pakistan's nuclear capacity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development and capacity of both India and Pakistan's nuclear weapons are described in production of weapon-grade materials, nuclear testing, weaponization engineering and delivery systems. India is capable of designing and manufacturing both small yield tactic nuclear weapons and big yield strategic ones and also possesses the technique to design and manufacture H-bombs. Weapon-grade plutonium constitutes the primary fission material for India's nuclear weapon and it has plutonium enough to make 70 to 100 nuclear weapons. India can also produce some tritium. India has already possessed delivery systems but it has not yet mounted nuclear warheads on its ballistic missiles even though its missiles, which India has already owned or is under development, have the ability to carry nuclear warheads. Pakistan also has the ability to make both tactic nuclear weapons and strategic ones. With its weapon-grade uranium, 20 to 30 nuclear weapons can be made. Besides the uranium production facility. Pakistan also has the facility to produce tritium. It is supposed that Pakistan has the ability to carry nuclear weapons with airplane, but it has a long way to go if it wants to mount nuclear weapon, especially bit yield ones, on its own missile. As a whole, India's nuclear force is stronger than Pakistan's, and its development far more advanced than Pakistan's

  3. Electronic Waste: Environmental Health Problems In India

    OpenAIRE

    Sachan Ritu; Agarwal Shalini

    2013-01-01

    :WEEE (waste from electrical electronic equipments) comes under a special category of waste which is the result of industrialization and ever increasing demand of electronic waste products in daily life, with increasing usage waste production is also increasing. Now, the situation is alarming as a huge quantity of waste is generated by India as well as other countries. The condition of India is much worse because about 80 percent of the e- waste generated ion the u.s.is exported to India, chi...

  4. THE ECONOMICS OF THE POVERTY OF INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    D. R. JAGTAP

    2013-01-01

    Approximately 22% people in India from the whole population are below the poverty line according to a report of the Lok Shasan. It has been 65 years since India has become independent, but still the Government has not succeeded in wiping out poverty in India. The percentage of people below poverty line given by the Government is misleading. 40% to 50% of people are still cursed to live under the poverty line. The roots of the poverty are in the social, economic and political system. Nobody be...

  5. Cognitive Access to TVWS in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Patil, Kishor P.; Skouby, Knud Erik; Prasad, Ramjee

    2013-01-01

    performed spectrum measurements of TV band in Pune, India. Our result shows poor spectrum utilization in TV band, and good potential for Cognitive radio operation. Digital switchover in India will generate golden opportunity for empowering rural India. As majority of India’s population lives in rural part......The digital transition of TV transmission will make available some TV frequencies which are to be geographically unused called as TV White Spaces. The important regulatory trend in the context of Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) is the Cognitive access of TV white Spaces. In this context, we have...

  6. Nutritional Problems and Intervention Strategies in India

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area. it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. The major religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. India has a total population of 1,198,003,000, a gr...

  7. MEDICAL TOURISM IN INDIA: A NEW AVENUE

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Medical tourism is attracting attention of travelers from all over the globe. It combines a travel at ease and availing medical health care facility at low cost as per traveler’s own choice. World class medical health care is available in some of the Asian countries, such as India, Philippines and Singapore etc. Medical tourism has become one of the major industries in recent times. Medical Tourism India (Health Tourism India) is a developing concept whereby people from world over visit Ind...

  8. Children of Air India Book Launch

    OpenAIRE

    Saklikar, Renee

    2013-01-01

    Renée Sarojini Saklikar was 23 years old when her aunt and uncle were murdered on June 23, 1985 in the bombing of Air India Flight 182. In her first book of poems, children of air india: un/authorized exhibits and interjections Saklikar presents a powerful and deeply personal collection. These poems offer a fresh perspective on a heartbreaking chapter in Canada’s history—the Air India Flight 182 that crashed and killed all 329 passengers including 82 children. The aftermath of our country’s w...

  9. All India Seminar on Biomedical Engineering 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Bhatele, Mukta

    2013-01-01

    This book is a collection of articles presented by researchers and practitioners, including engineers, biologists, health professionals and informatics/computer scientists, interested in both theoretical advances and applications of information systems, artificial intelligence, signal processing, electronics and other engineering tools in areas related to biology and medicine in the All India Seminar on Biomedical Engineering 2012 (AISOBE 2012), organized by The Institution of Engineers (India), Jabalpur Local Centre, Jabalpur, India during November 3-4, 2012. The content of the book is useful to doctors, engineers, researchers and academicians as well as industry professionals.

  10. Atomic energy in India: 50 years

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This fiftieth year of India's political independence also about coincides with the fiftieth year of the formal organisation of the Atomic Energy Programme in India. While the first Atomic Energy Act was passed in April 1948 - vesting the Government of India with exclusive authority for all activities relating to the development of atomic energy in the country - the first Atomic Energy Commission was constituted on August 10, 1948 as the apex policy making body for the programme. The present monograph is a review to trace the evolution and growth of the programme over the past fifty years

  11. India beckons participants in burgeoning refining sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that India has opened its refining sector to full private investment for the first time in more than 2 decades. The government again gave a green light to construction of three 120,000 b/d grassroots refineries in East, West, and Central India. The projects had won various governmental approvals in the past few years, but never moved off high center for a variety of economic and regulatory reasons. The difference this time is that the government is offering interests in the projects to private foreign and domestic investors. It's part of India's push to boost overall refining capacity by more than 80% this century

  12. Recommended vaccines for international travelers to India

    OpenAIRE

    Verma, Ramesh; Khanna, Pardeep; Chawla, Suraj

    2014-01-01

    India's tourism industry generated 6.6% of the nation's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) during 2012. International travel to India is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of ∼8% over the next decade. The number of foreign tourists has increased by 9% to 5.8 million. Approximately 8% of travelers to developing countries require medical care during or after travel; the main diagnoses are vaccine-preventable diseases. Travelers to India can be exposed to various infectious diseases; water-bo...

  13. Future of Cloud Computing in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Kumar Tiwari

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the future of cloud computing in India. This paper also help to understand of future of cloud computing in Indian market .This paper also show the benefits of cloud computing .Cloud computing is not very buzz in India. This paper give the new idea to understand cloud computing and cloud computing future in India. This paper also show the importance of cloud computing. Ito show the growth rate of cloud computing. This paper not only show the cloud computing market it also show the uses and benefits of cloud computing.

  14. Future of Cloud Computing in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Kumar Tiwari

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the future of cloud computing in India. This paper also help to understand of future of cloud computing in Indian market .This paper also show the benefits of cloud computing .Cloud computing is not very buzz in India. This paper give the new idea to understand cloud computing and cloud computing future in India. This paper also show the importance of cloud computing. Ito show the growth rate of cloud computing .This paper not only show the cloud computing market it also show the uses and benefits of cloud computing

  15. TB control: challenges and opportunities for India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Madhukar; Daftary, Amrita; Satyanarayana, Srinath

    2016-03-01

    India's TB control programme has treated over 19 million patients, but the incidence of TB continues to be high. TB is a major killer and drug-resistant TB is a growing threat. There are several likely reasons, including social conditions and co-morbidities that fuel the TB epidemic: under-investment by the government, weak programme implementation and management, suboptimal quality of care in the private sector, and insufficient advocacy around TB. Fortunately, India possesses the technical know-how, competence and resources to address these challenges. The End TB Strategy by WHO offers India an excellent blueprint to advance the agenda of TB control. PMID:26884494

  16. Future of Cloud Computing in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Pradeep Kumar Tiwari

    2012-01-01

    This paper shows the future of cloud computing in India. This paper also help to understand of future of cloud computing in Indian market .This paper also show the benefits of cloud computing .Cloud computing is not very buzz in India. This paper give the new idea to understand cloud computing and cloud computing future in India. This paper also show the importance of cloud computing. Ito show the growth rate of cloud computing. This paper not only show the cloud computing market it also show...

  17. Nyfødtmedisin i India

    OpenAIRE

    Ola Didrik Saugstad

    2009-01-01

    ENGLISH SUMMARYSaugstad OD. Newborn medicine in India. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (1): 99-102.India has the largest newborn population in the world with approximately 25 million deliveries annually.Of these 1.3 million die in the newborn period and 4 million before the age of five. The last yearsnewborn medicine has become a high priority area in India. The goals by the year 2000 are to reduceperinatal mortality from 60 to 30-35/1000 and infant mortality from 74 to < 60/1000. The number oflow bi...

  18. Globalizing security: A challenge for your generation, 25 May 2006, Washington, DC, Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We still have not outlawed the 'big guns': nuclear weapons. Under the 1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons - the five countries that had nuclear weapons at the time - China, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States - committed themselves to 'negotiate in good faith' effective measures for the elimination of nuclear weapons and, in the meantime, to share peaceful nuclear technology with any other countries party to the Treaty. In return, those other countries agreed not to pursue nuclear weapons. On the one hand, efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons through the NPT treaty regime can be viewed as a remarkable success. With the exception of India, Israel and Pakistan, every country in the world has joined the NPT. The vast majority of NPT members have stood by their commitments. And the number of nuclear warheads has been reduced by more than 50 percent from its Cold War peak. On the other hand, in recent years, we seem to have come to an impasse, and many see the NPT regime as faltering. We have lost our sense of direction. Today we have eight or nine countries that possess nuclear weapons - and more than 20 other members of alliances that continue to rely on these weapons for their security. Some countries are actually announcing programmes for modernizing their stockpiles, and some have even spoken of the possibility of using such weapons - all the while insisting that they are off-limits to others. International peace and security cannot be achieved through business as usual with our existing norms and institutions. Clearly, these norms and institutions - whether the NPT or the UN Security Council - are far from perfect. They need to be strengthened in a variety of ways. But beyond the re-engineering of these norms and institutions, we need a complete change of mindset. Most importantly, our approach to security can no longer be centred on the idea of Us Versus Them. It must instead be anchored on the idea of the

  19. Pan American physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Early in January, a unique meeting of Latin American physicists took place at Cocoyoc in Mexico. Apart from a strong summer school programme, the last time so many Latin American institutions got together was more than ten years ago. The meeting had about 50 attendees with strong representations from the US, Brazil and Mexico. The meeting was designed with two objectives — to review the substance, current status and future expectations of high energy particle physics, and to survey the state of physics research and education in Latin America and explore the possibilities of increased collaboration with the US, consistent with the idea of a host US Laboratory

  20. Avaliação de lavagem parcial de sais em neossolo flúvico irrigado, utilizando modelagem computacional Partial salt leaching evaluation in an irrigated fluvissol through computational modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano L. N. Monteiro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado em um vale aluvial irrigado do semiárido do Brasil (Estado de Pernambuco. O objetivo foi investigar o efeito de lâminas de lixiviação e de precipitação no controle da salinidade do solo em lisímetros de drenagem. Com base em simulações numéricas, utilizando-se do modelo HYDRUS-1D, avaliaram-se o fluxo e o transporte de sais na zona não saturada. Mediante medidas de campo de evapotranspiração real e precipitação, foi possível inferir que o modelo se apresentou como ferramenta adequada nas simulações realizadas, para diferentes cenários de lâminas de lixiviação. Verificou-se, experimental e numericamente, que a lixiviação parcial pode ser utilizada como alternativa de manejo para a redução da salinidade na zona radicular, desde que precipitações efetivas possam complementar o processo de lavagem.This study has been developed in an irrigated alluvial aquifer in the semi-arid zone of Brazil (State of Pernambuco. The objective was to investigate the effect of different leaching depths and precipitation on reducing soil salinity in drainage lysimeters. Based on numeric simulations using the HYDRUS-1D model, flow and salt transport in the unsaturated zone were evaluated. By using measured actual evapotranspiration and precipitation, it was verified that the model is a satisfactory tool to simulate flow and transport in the studied situations considering different leaching depths. Numerical and experimental results pointed out that the partial leaching could be used for reduction of the salinity in the root zone, as far as effective precipitation might complement the leaching process.

  1. Níveis de mercúrio em peixes consumidos pela comunidade indígena de Sai Cinza na Reserva Munduruku, Município de Jacareacanga, Estado do Pará, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brabo Edilson da Silva

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo consiste em avaliar os níveis de mercúrio no pescado consumido pela comunidade indígena de Sai Cinza (Reserva Munduruku no Estado do Pará, e associá-los com os hábitos de consumo da população. Um total de oitenta espécimes de peixes foram capturados. As determinações de Hg foram realizadas por absorção atômica. A concentração média de Hg nas espécies carnívoras foi de 0,293 µg/g (DP = 0,104 enquanto nas não carnívoras foi de 0,112 µg/g (DP = 0,036. As espécies referidas como de maior consumo ente os 330 indivíduos entrevistados foram: tucunaré, pacu, jaraqui, traíra, aracu, matrinchã e caratinga. As espécies com concentrações mais elevadas de Hg foram tucunaré e traíra, que estão entre os peixes mais consumidos. A freqüência de consumo constitui-se num fator importante na avaliação de risco de contaminação por mercúrio em comunidades que não têm outras alternativas de alimentação.

  2. Complete Genome Sequences of Eight Human Papillomavirus Type 16 Asian American and European Variant Isolates from Cervical Biopsies and Lesions in Indian Women

    OpenAIRE

    Mandal, Paramita; Bhattacharjee, Bornali; Sen, Shrinka; Bhattacharya, Amrapali; Roy Chowdhury, Rahul; Mondal, Nidhu Ranjan; Sengupta, Sharmila

    2016-01-01

    Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16), a member of the Papillomaviridae family, is the primary etiological agent of cervical cancer. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of four HPV16 Asian American variants and four European variants, isolated from cervical biopsies and scrapings in India.

  3. Complete Genome Sequences of Eight Human Papillomavirus Type 16 Asian American and European Variant Isolates from Cervical Biopsies and Lesions in Indian Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Paramita; Bhattacharjee, Bornali; Sen, Shrinka; Bhattacharya, Amrapali; Roy Chowdhury, Rahul; Mondal, Nidhu Ranjan; Sengupta, Sharmila

    2016-01-01

    Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16), a member of the Papillomaviridae family, is the primary etiological agent of cervical cancer. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of four HPV16 Asian American variants and four European variants, isolated from cervical biopsies and scrapings in India. PMID:27198009

  4. Health, education and employment in India

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva. Audiovisual Unit

    2002-01-01

    a land of opulence, tragedy and hope. Rajan Gupta is a theoretical physicist at Los Alamos Laboratory. He has developed lectures on HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention aimed at students, health workers, industrialists parents, and industrial workers in India.

  5. Sakshat Labs: India's Virtual Proteomics Initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Sandipan Ray; Nicole R Koshy; Shyam Diwakar; Bipin Nair; Sanjeeva Srivastava

    2012-01-01

    The first Virtual Proteomics Lab of India has been developed at the IIT Bombay as a part of the “Sakshat” Lab Project, established to develop openly accessible, high-quality educational materials on science and technology.

  6. Diabetes mellitus: Trends in northern India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Gutch

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus is becoming a global health issue with more than 80% diabetics living in developing countries. India accounts for 62.4 million diabetics (2011. Indian Council of Medical Research India Diabetes Study (ICMR-INDIAB study showed highest weighted prevalence rate in the north India among all studied regions. Diabetes in north India has many peculiarities in all aspects from risk factors to control programmers. North Indians are becoming more prone for diabetes and dyslipidemia because rapid westernization of living style and diet due rapid migration to metropolitan cities for employment. North Indian diabetes is plagued with gender bias against females, poor quality of health services, myths, and lack of disease awareness compounded with small number of prevention and awareness programmers that too are immature to counteract the growing pandemic.

  7. Nearshore processes along Tikkavanipalem Beach, Visakhapatnam, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; AshokKumar, K.; Raju, N.S.N.

    Directional wave data collected at 12 m water depth, at 1 km distance off Tikkavanipalem, Andhra Pradesh, India from December 1997 to November 1998, was used to estimate the longshore currents and longshore sediment transport rate considering...

  8. History of marine archaeological research in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.

    Marine archaeology is also known as maritime, underwater and nautical archaeology. Each terminology has specific meaning and purpose in which water plays a dominant role. In India it is known as marine archaeology. In maritime or underwater...

  9. Why are clinical trials necessary in India?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poongothai, Subramani; Unnikrishnan, Ranjit; Balasubramanian, Jeyakumar; Nair, Mohan Damodaran; Mohan, Viswanathan

    2014-01-01

    Clinical trials are emerging as an important activity in India as it is an essential component of the drug discovery and development program to which India is committed. The only robust way to evaluate a new medicine is by doing properly designed clinical trials. In addition to advancing science, clinical trials offer myriad benefits to the participants. The recent hue that created in India about clinical trials is probably an exaggeration of facts. However, these points to the need for ensuring proper compliance with the regulatory norms and proper training of concerned personnel in good clinical practice (GCP). This will ensure that India continues to reap the benefits of clinical trials and also become a world leader in this field. PMID:24741480

  10. Why are clinical trials necessary in India?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramani Poongothai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical trials are emerging as an important activity in India as it is an essential component of the drug discovery and development program to which India is committed. The only robust way to evaluate a new medicine is by doing properly designed clinical trials. In addition to advancing science, clinical trials offer myriad benefits to the participants. The recent hue that created in India about clinical trials is probably an exaggeration of facts. However, these points to the need for ensuring proper compliance with the regulatory norms and proper training of concerned personnel in good clinical practice (GCP. This will ensure that India continues to reap the benefits of clinical trials and also become a world leader in this field.

  11. Status of coral reefs of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Muley, E.V.; Venkataraman, K.; Alfred, J.R.B.; Wafar, M.V.M.

    and economic significance of coral reefs and the threat perceptions, Government of India has initiated measures for their intensive conservation and management. Present paper deals with ecological status of coral reefs in the country and various national...

  12. NIMI TANTRA (Opthalmology of Ancient India)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramachandran, C.K.

    1984-01-01

    The art of opthalmology was well developed in ancient India and was known as Nimi Tantra. In this paper the author presents the main features of Nimi Tantra an authoritative treatises written by Nimi, a prominent opthalmologist of his time.

  13. Appropriation and dementia in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brijnath, Bianca; Manderson, Lenore

    2011-12-01

    Biomedical technologies like MRI scans offer a way for carers and people with dementia to 'see' pathology, as a means to reorient their perceptions of the body and functionality. Through interpretive and syncretic processes, the MRI and the diagnosis of dementia facilitate the incorporation of the clinical category 'dementia' into social understandings of illness and care in India. Complex shifts occur as families and providers move from socio-cultural explanations of disruption to bio-social etiologies of the disease 'dementia' and then to socio-ecological frameworks of causality. Both the biomedicalisation of illness and the localisation of illness occur as the clinical category 'dementia' is folded into local understandings of illness and care. Through elucidating how the dialectic between biomedical and local knowledge is operationalized, we offer insights into how dementia is absorbed and appropriated into Indian cultural contexts. PMID:21837538

  14. An Energy Overview of India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is India. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit

  15. Food irradiation scenario in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over 3 decades of research and developmental effort in India have established the commercial potential for food irradiation to reduce post-harvest losses and to ensure food safety. Current regulations permit irradiation of onions, potatoes and spices for domestic consumption and operation of commercial irradiators for treatment of food. In May 1997 draft rules have been notified permitting irradiation of several additional food items including rice, wheat products, dry fruits, mango, meat and poultry. Consumers and food industry have shown a positive attitude to irradiated foods. A prototype commercial irradiator for spices set up by Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT) is scheduled to commence operation in early 1998. A commercial demonstration plant for treatment of onions is expected to be operational in the next 2 years in Lasalgaon, Nashik district. (author)

  16. Prehistoric human colonization of India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V N Misra

    2001-11-01

    Human colonization in India encompasses a span of at least half-a-million years and is divided into two broad periods, namely the prehistoric (before the emergence of writing) and the historic (after writing). The prehistoric period is divided into stone, bronze and iron ages. The stone age is further divided into palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic periods. As the name suggests, the technology in these periods was primarily based on stone. Economically, the palaeolithic and mesolithic periods represented a nomadic, hunting-gathering way of life, while the neolithic period represented a settled, food-producing way of life. Subsequently copper was introduced as a new material and this period was designated as the chalcolithic period. The invention of agriculture, which took place about 8000 years ago, brought about dramatic changes in the economy, technology and demography of human societies. Human habitat in the hunting-gathering stage was essentially on hilly, rocky and forested regions, which had ample wild plant and animal food resources. The introduction of agriculture saw it shifting to the alluvial plains which had fertile soil and perennial availability of water. Hills and forests, which had so far been areas of attraction, now turned into areas of isolation. Agriculture led to the emergence of villages and towns and brought with it the division of society into occupational groups. The first urbanization took place during the bronze age in the arid and semi-arid region of northwest India in the valleys of the Indus and the Saraswati rivers, the latter represented by the now dry Ghaggar–Hakra bed. This urbanization is known as the Indus or Harappan civilization which flourished during 3500–1500 B.C. The rest of India during this period was inhabited by neolithic and chalcolithic farmers and mesolithic hunter-gatherers. With the introduction of iron technology about 3000 years ago, the focus of development shifted eastward into the Indo-Gangetic divide

  17. The Great Hedge of India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'Great Hedge of India', a 3 700 kilometre-long hedge installed by the British customs to safeguard the colonial salt tax system and avoid salt smuggling totally faded from both memory and records (e.g. maps) in less than a century. Roy Moxham found traces of the hedge in a book footnote and searched it for several years until he found its meagre remains. The speaker wrote a book about this quest. He said that this story reveals how things disappear when they are no longer useful and, especially, when they are linked to parts of history that are not deemed particularly positive (the hedge was a means of colonial power)

  18. Beryllium development programme in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India has fairly large deposits of beryl. The requirement of beryllium and copper-beryllium alloys in space and electronic industries has provided the incentive for the setting up of an indigenous base for the development of beryllium process metallurgy. The paper presents the developmental work carried out, in the Metallurgy Division of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, on the preparation of beryllium metal and its alloys starting from Indian beryl. A laboratory facility incorporating essential precautionary measures has been set up for the safe handling of beryllium and its compounds. Based on the laboratory investigations a flow-sheet suitable to Indian conditions has been developed. The flow-sheet involves preparation of anhydrous beryllium fluoride from beryl through the silico-fluoride route, magnesiothermic reduction of beryllium fluoride for the production of beryllium metal or its master alloy with copper or aluminium, and fabrication of beryllium metal. (author)

  19. Belt reconditioning plant in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasturi, T.S.; Lachmann, H.P.

    1981-05-01

    The article should be seen under the aspect that mining operations in the developing countries, as e.g. India, are on the one hand equipped with the latest machinery but on the other hand, they are still in their infancy as far as handling their equipment, above all with regard to mechanical handling and the related technology. In other words, they find themselves having to run to catch up with modern technology without really having learned to walk properly. In this connection, however, it is remarkable how successfully problems can be tackled and resolved using a certain amount of improvisation in spite of the fact that the starting points we are accustomed to such as experience, trained personnel and established conditions are lacking there.

  20. Prehistoric human colonization of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, V N

    2001-11-01

    Human colonization in India encompasses a span of at least half-a-million years and is divided into two broad periods, namely the prehistoric (before the emergence of writing) and the historic (after writing). The prehistoric period is divided into stone, bronze and iron ages. The stone age is further divided into palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic periods. As the name suggests, the technology in these periods was primarily based on stone. Economically, the palaeolithic and mesolithic periods represented a nomadic, hunting-gathering way of life, while the neolithic period represented a settled, food-producing way of life. Subsequently copper was introduced as a new material and this period was designated as the chalcolithic period. The invention of agriculture, which took place about 8000 years ago, brought about dramatic changes in the economy, technology and demography of human societies. Human habitat in the hunting-gathering stage was essentially on hilly, rocky and forested regions, which had ample wild plant and animal food resources. The introduction of agriculture saw it shifting to the alluvial plains which had fertile soil and perennial availability of water. Hills and forests, which had so far been areas of attraction, now turned into areas of isolation. Agriculture led to the emergence of villages and towns and brought with it the division of society into occupational groups. The first urbanization took place during the bronze age in the arid and semi-arid region of northwest India in the valleys of the Indus and the Saraswati rivers, the latter represented by the now dry Ghaggar-Hakra bed. This urbanization is known as the Indus or Harappan civilization which flourished during 3500-1500 B.C. The rest of India during this period was inhabited by neolithic and chalcolithic farmers and mesolithic hunter-gatherers. With the introduction of iron technology about 3000 years ago, the focus of development shifted eastward into the Indo-Gangetic divide and

  1. Neuroimaging in Cerebral Palsy – Report from North India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anju AGGARWAL

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Aggarwal A, Mittal H, Debnath SKR, Rai A. Neuroimaging in Cerebral Palsy–Report from North India. Iran J Child Neurol. 2013 Autumn; 7(3:41- 46. ObjectiveOnly few Indian reports exist on neuroimaging abnormalities in children with cerebral palsy (CP from India. Materials & MethodsWe studied the clinico-radiological profile of 98 children diagnosed as CP at a tertiary centre in North India. Relevant investigations were carried out to determine the etiology. ResultsAmong the 98 children studied, 80.5% were males and 22.2% were premature. History of birth asphyxia was present in 41.9%. Quadriplegic CP was seen in 77.5%, hemiplegic in 11.5%, and diplegic in 10.5%. Other abnormalities were microcephaly (60.5%, epilepsy (42%, visual abnormality (37%, and hearing abnormality (20%. Neuroimaging was abnormal in 94/98 (95.91%.Abnormalities were periventricular white matter abnormalities (34%, deep grey matter abnormalities (47.8%, malformations (11.7%, and miscellaneous lesions (6.4%. Neuroimaging findings did not relate to the presence of birth asphyxia, sex, epilepsy, gestation, type of CP, or microcephaly. ConclusionsNeuroimaging is helpful for etiological diagnosis, especially malformations.  ReferencesSinghi PD, Ray M, Suri G. Clinical spectrum of cerebral palsy in north India-an analysis of 1000 cases. J Trop Pediatr 2002 48(3; 162-6.Sharma P, Sharma U, Kabra A. Cerebral Palsy-Clinical Profile and Predisposing Factors. Indian Pediatr 1999;36(10:1038-42.Nelson KB, Ellenberg JH. Antecedents of cerebral palsy. Multivariate analysis of risk. N Engl J Med 1986 315(2:81-6.Krägeloh-Mann I, Horber V. The role of magnetic resonance imaging in elucidating the pathogenesis of cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Dev Med Child Neurol 2007; 49(2:144-51.Rosenbaum P, Paneth N, Leviton A, Goldstein M, Bax M, Damiano D, et al. A report: the definition and classification of cerebral palsy April 2006. Dev Med Child Neurol Suppl 2007

  2. TRIPS and Pharmaceuticals: Implications for India

    OpenAIRE

    S. Mehta, Pradeep

    2012-01-01

    On the post-Uruguay Round world trade scenario, after the accords in agriculture and textiles and clothing, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) is the issue affecting developing countries like India. One of the seven intellectual properties covered under TRIPs is that of patents. It has been the contentious issue for several reasons. India is committed to amend its patent laws by the year 2005 (for technologies previously unprotected in its market). ...

  3. Heart failure: Epidemiology and prevention in India

    OpenAIRE

    Huffman, Mark D; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj

    2010-01-01

    Reliable estimates of heart failure are lacking in India because of the absence of a surveillance programme to track incidence, prevalence, outcomes and key causes of heart failure. Nevertheless, we propose that the incidence and prevalence rates of heart failure are rising due to population, epidemiological and health transitions. Based on disease-specific estimates of prevalence and incidence rates of heart failure, we conservatively estimate the prevalence of heart failure in India due to ...

  4. Sexuality research in India: An update

    OpenAIRE

    Prakash, Om; Rao, T. S. Sathyanarayana

    2010-01-01

    This review provides the available evidence on sexual dysfunctions in India. Most of the studies have concentrated on male sexual dysfunction and hardly a few have voiced the sexual problems in females. Erectile dysfunction (ED), premature ejaculation (PME) and combinations of ED and PME appear to be main dysfunctions reported in males. Dhat syndrome remains an important diagnosis reported in studies from North India. There is a paucity of literature on management issues with an emergent need...

  5. The evolving relations of Japan and India

    OpenAIRE

    Leake, R. Nathan

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited At the beginning of the 21st century, Japan and India started to build their bilateral relationship. This growth happened despite Japan having cut off almost all relations with India two years previously after India’s nuclear weapons test and the previous minimal nature of the relationship. The relationship has grown from almost nothing to include annual meetings of the prime ministers, a free trade agreement, maritime security coopera...

  6. Comparing regional development in China and India

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Yanrui

    2008-01-01

    Economic growth in China and India has attracted many headlines recently. As a result, the literature comparing the two Asian giants has expanded substantially. This paper adds to the literature by comparing regional growth, disparity and convergence in the two economies. This is the first of its kind. The paper presents a detailed examination of economic growth in the regions of China and India over the past twenty years. It also provides an assessment of regional disparity in the two countr...

  7. Human Development in India: Costs of Inequality

    OpenAIRE

    Suryanarayana, M. H.; Ankush Agrawal

    2013-01-01

    Economic growth with income redistribution has been a basic objective of economic development policy in India. Such a strategy seeks to exploit the potential of development programmes for poverty reduction and welfare gains by reducing the costs due to inequality in income distribution. The state of Kerala in India provides empirical evidence to show how it is possible to both achieve growth and improve income distribution through human development. (?)

  8. Youth employment and unemployment in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mahendra Dev, S.; M. Venkatanarayana

    2011-01-01

    Increase in the share of youth population due to demographic `dividend' or the `youth bulge' seems to be one of the sources of future economic growth in India. Although with increase in school and college enrolment rates, the proportion of youth in the labour force has been declining, their high proportions in the labour force indicate that the problem of youth unemployment and underemployment would remain a serious policy issue for many more years to come in India. In this context, this pape...

  9. Future Scenario of Renewable Energy in India

    OpenAIRE

    Sandeep Kumar; Mohit Rathi; Aloy Palit; Puneet Nandrajog

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a review about future scenario of renewable energy in India.Energy is a vital input for economic and social development of any country. With increasing industrialand agricultural activities in the country, the demand for energy is also rising. Solar, wind and biomassare accepted as dependable and widely available renewable sources of energy. To meet the energy requirement for such a fast growingeconomy, India will require an assured supply of 3–5 times more energy than the...

  10. Municipal Bonds : Is India ready for more?

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasekaran, Pravin; Katayama, Roy

    2006-01-01

    In India, municipal development projects benefiting the public often get impeded by the political and institutional framework of the Central Government. In many cases in India, a major constraint is financing these projects. According to the 12th Finance Commission report most of the infrastructure initiatives have been stalled due to financial constraints. For instance, the shortfall in financing to achieve the water and sanitation sector goals in India’s Tenth Plan is estimated ...

  11. Improved Gridded Aerosol Data for India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gueymard, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Sengupta, M. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2013-11-01

    Using point data from ground sites in and around India equipped with multiwavelength sunphotometers, as well as gridded data from space measurements or from existing aerosol climatologies, an improved gridded database providing the monthly aerosol optical depth at 550 nm (AOD550) and Angstrom exponent (AE) over India is produced. Data from 83 sunphotometer sites are used here as ground truth tocalibrate, optimally combine, and validate monthly gridded data during the period from 2000 to 2012.

  12. Food Fortification in India: A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Pam Liu; Rita Bhatia; Helena Pachón; Emory .

    2014-01-01

    Background: India has a high prevalence of micronutrient deficiency-related health risks, which can be improved by food fortification. Objectives: To identify and analyze single or multiple micronutrient (MMN) food-fortification studies for their efficacy and effectiveness in India. Methods: Papers from searching 10 databases were independently screened by two researchers. Data were abstracted to summarize food fortification results on biological markers, anthropometry, clinical, morbidity, c...

  13. Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India

    OpenAIRE

    Bharadwaj, Prashant; Fenske, James

    2012-01-01

    Climate change is expected to displace millions of involuntary migrants in Bangladesh. We draw on history to show that these ``environmental refugees'' can play a positive role in the regions that receive them by looking at the partition of India. We use an instrumental variables (IV) strategy to show that the migrants played a major role in India's take-up of jute cultivation. Our estimates suggest that migrants fully explain post-Partition jute cultivation. Consistent with migrants bring...

  14. MILLION BOOK UNIVERSAL DIGITAL LIBRARY PROJECTS: INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    WAGHMODE, S. S.

    2009-01-01

    Digital Library of India is a digital library of books, which is free-to-read, searchable, predominantly in India languages, available to everyone over the Internet. Very soon it is expected that this portal would provide a gateway to Indian Digital Libraries in Science, Arts, Culture, Music, Movies, Traditional Medicine, Palm Leaves and many more. This project is collaboration between Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Universities and Carnegie Mellon University under MILLION BOOK UNIVE...

  15. Energy sector reform in India : a review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aruna, M.; Raj, M.G. [National Inst. of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, Srinivasnagar (India). Dept. of Mining Engineering

    2008-07-01

    The government of India cannot afford to fund the total investment needed for restructuring the country's electric power sector. As such, India's Electricity Act of 2003 encouraged private participation to implement the required measures for efficient and optimum use of energy resources available in India and to supply quality power at the best cost to consumers. This paper described the present status of India's power sector with respect to generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. India's economy is growing at a faster rate compared to many other developing countries. It is expected that in the next 6 to 7 years additional capacity of 84,000 MW will be needed to meet the projected electricity demand. The Power Finance Corporation Limited (PFC) was established in 1986 in order to generate and provide funds for the power sector, which is in the process of reforms in every element of the electricity value chain. India is facing an energy deficit and peak power deficit of 8 per cent and 12.2 per cent, respectively. The inter-regional power transmission capacity is planned to be increased from 16,500 MW to 37,000 MW by 2012. Thermal and nuclear energy are major sources for electricity production in India. As most of these resources are non renewable, they must be efficiently used. Coal will continue to contribute about 60 per cent of power generation in India. It was concluded that a large capacity national power grid is necessary for inter-regional power transfer, and that Transmission Super Highways are needed for the development of a high capacity National Power Grid. 7 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  16. Hitherto unreported Agaricus species of Central India

    OpenAIRE

    MAHENDRA KUMAR RAI; ALKA KARWA

    2010-01-01

    Karwa A, Rai MK. 2010. Hitherto unreported Agaricus species of Central India. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 141-145. Melghat forest region from Central India was surveyed for occurrence of medicinal and culinary mushrooms during the years 2005-2008. Out of total 153 species, ten species of Agaricus were recorded from different localities. Of these, seven species namely Agaricus bitorquis, A. subrufescens, A. augustus, A. placomyces, A. essettei, A. basioanolosus and Agaricus sp. nov (a new species)...

  17. CHANGING TRENDS OF RECRUITMENT PRACTICE IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dhotre Avinash Changdeo

    2016-01-01

    This research paper highlighted on the present recruitment trends in India. India has huge human resources but not effectively utilization in various sectors. However talent, skill, experience, competency and efficiency are growing rapidly. Aim behind this study to emphasis the emerging trends and their well implementation in an organization. Talent is the trend which encouraged me to take this research, its challenge to the organization but it can create the opportunity by effectively applyi...

  18. Marketing analysis of medical tourism in India

    OpenAIRE

    Manhas, Parikshat Singh; Ramjit, Monu

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present research is to carry out the marketing analysis and to determine the potential of the medical tourism, to identify the various challenges to the medical tourism in India and to suggest and recommend the marketing strategies to develop the India as the medical tourism destination. The research is primarily based on the secondary sources by searching the various potential academic journals and reports potential articles, with medical tourism in the title...

  19. India-Korea Trade and Investment Relations

    OpenAIRE

    Pravakar Sahoo; Rajiv Kumar; Durgesh Kumar Rai

    2009-01-01

    Though economic relations between India and Korea have been strengthening, the current size of trade and investment between the two countries is relatively low compared to the size and structural complementarities of the two economies. In this context, the present paper analyses trade and investment relations and explores future areas of potential co-operation between India and Korea. We find that the increase in merchandise trade between the two countries has been mainly because of the chang...

  20. Vaccination for safe travel to India

    OpenAIRE

    Mehta, Bharti; Jindal, Harashish; Bhatt, Bhumika; Kumar Dharma, Vijay; Choudhary, Satvinder

    2013-01-01

    Worldwide more than 900 million international journeys are undertaken every year. India is one of the favorite tourist destinations around the world. International travel exposes travelers to a range of health risks. Traveling to India possess a threat to travelers with waterborne diseases like bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever; vector borne diseases like dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria; animal contact disease like rabies. Furthermore diseases spreading...

  1. Myasthenia gravis: A study from India

    OpenAIRE

    Singhal B; Bhatia Nisha; Umesh T; Menon Suresh

    2008-01-01

    Background: We present the findings from the largest hospital-based studies on myasthenia gravis from India, using data collected over a period of 43 years from the Neurology Department in a tertiary referral center in India. Objectives: To study the clinical presentation, age at onset, gender distribution, serological status and thymic pathology in patients with myasthenia gravis. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out using records of patients with myasthenia grav...

  2. India's Downstream Petroleum Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    This study provides a holistic examination of pricing and investment dynamics in India's downstream petroleum sector. It analyses the current pricing practices, highlights the tremendous fiscal cost of current pricing and regulatory arrangements, and examines the sectoral investment dynamics. It also looks at potential paths towards market-based reform along which the Indian government may move, while at the same time protecting energy market access for India's large poor population.

  3. India's Nuclear Options and Escalation Dominance

    OpenAIRE

    Dalton, Toby; Perkovich, George

    2016-01-01

    Since the early 2000s, Indian strategists have wrestled with the challenge of motivating Pakistan to demobilize anti-India terrorist groups while managing the potential for conflict escalation during a crisis. The growing prominence of nuclear weapons in Pakistan’s national security strategy casts a shadow of nuclear use over any potential military strategy India might consider to strike this balance. However, augmenting its nuclear options with tactical nuclear weapons is u...

  4. Prospects of Electronic Commerce in India

    OpenAIRE

    Rashmi Bansal

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to analyse various socio-cultural factors such as urban-rural digital divide, regional languages, customs, geographical locations and transport and logistics that affect the development of the electronic commerce in India vis-à-vis the global scenario. During the last decade, the internet and mobile services have seen a phenomenal growth, both horizontal as well as vertical. The penetration ratio of the broadband in homes in India is fast increasing. The scenario of electron...

  5. Water Conversations: Paani Bachao, India 2010

    OpenAIRE

    MacLeod, Anna

    2010-01-01

    Water Conversations: Paani Bachao! (Save Water!) India 2010 A collaborative project by artists Anna Macleod (Irl) and Carol Hummel (USA) Locations: Shimla, Jammu, Srinagar, New Delhi and Jaipur, India, 2010. Paani Bachao! (save water) is an ongoing project that posits a ubiquitous poster image into public spaces in varying global locations to examine attitudes to water as an element for life. Initially inspired by a ‘conserve water’ image produced by Dublin City Council in Jan/Feb...

  6. Energy sector reform in India : a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The government of India cannot afford to fund the total investment needed for restructuring the country's electric power sector. As such, India's Electricity Act of 2003 encouraged private participation to implement the required measures for efficient and optimum use of energy resources available in India and to supply quality power at the best cost to consumers. This paper described the present status of India's power sector with respect to generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. India's economy is growing at a faster rate compared to many other developing countries. It is expected that in the next 6 to 7 years additional capacity of 84,000 MW will be needed to meet the projected electricity demand. The Power Finance Corporation Limited (PFC) was established in 1986 in order to generate and provide funds for the power sector, which is in the process of reforms in every element of the electricity value chain. India is facing an energy deficit and peak power deficit of 8 per cent and 12.2 per cent, respectively. The inter-regional power transmission capacity is planned to be increased from 16,500 MW to 37,000 MW by 2012. Thermal and nuclear energy are major sources for electricity production in India. As most of these resources are non renewable, they must be efficiently used. Coal will continue to contribute about 60 per cent of power generation in India. It was concluded that a large capacity national power grid is necessary for inter-regional power transfer, and that Transmission Super Highways are needed for the development of a high capacity National Power Grid. 7 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs

  7. Women and the Quit India Movement 1942

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuyan, Papari Mala

    2016-01-01

    The present work is an attempt to analyze the role of women in the Quit India Movement of 1942. Women from time immemorial had her political, social and cultural existence. They as a force played a crucial role in the struggle for Indian independence. The Quit India Movement of 1942, which was a spontaneous mass uprising witnesses women in the forefront. The 1942 women activists challenged the norms of respectability that obsessed an earlier generation of women leaders. Women during the movem...

  8. NEED OF FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    D. D. Kadam; Shrikrishna Chandanshiv

    2015-01-01

    Food processing industry is of enormous significance for India's development because of the vital linkages and synergies it promotes between the two pillars of our economy, industry and agriculture. India produces about 450 million tons of raw food materials of plant and animal origin which are refined, stored and transformed into various usable products using c o nv e n ti o n a l a n d mo d e r n postharvest and food processing technology. Estimated va...

  9. Biotechnology in India : Current scene (Review Paper)

    OpenAIRE

    A. Nagaratnam

    2001-01-01

    Realising the immense potential of biotechnology in the fields of agricultural production and health care, especially in developing countries, India has been devoting special attention over the past two decades to biotechnology and its applications. Necessary infrastructure has been built-up, the human resources and technical expertise built-up, and fruitful interactions between academic institutions and industries supported. The Department of Biotechnology, Govt of India has been play...

  10. India's journey toward an effective patent

    OpenAIRE

    Abramson, Bruce

    2007-01-01

    The decade following India's accession to the World Trade Organization's Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property ushered in numerous changes to the country's patent system, culminating in a series of amendments in 2005. But a functioning patent system is more than a statute. This paper discusses the steps that India must still take to develop an effective, functioning patent system capable of attracting foreign direct investment, motivating domestic innovation and education, and filter...

  11. Knowledge Economy in India: Challenges and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Sonali Bhattacharya

    2010-01-01

    India, along with some of the other middle low income countries like Brazil, Russia, China and the Republic of Korea is competing with high income developed nations like USA and Japan in the knowledge sector. India has to its advantage a big pool of knowledge workers like scientists, engineers, and researchers available at low cost. The pertinent question is whether the flow of knowledge has resulted in inclusive growth. This research paper is a critical analysis of the challenges and opportu...

  12. Chikungunya Outbreaks Caused by African Genotype, India

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2006-08-29

    Chikungunya fever has reemerged in India, with thousands of people reporting moderate to high fever with arthralgia and arthritis. Learn what researchers at the National Institute of Virology in Pune, India, determined after analying blood samples collected from suspected case-patients in 3 Indian states.  Created: 8/29/2006 by Emerging Infectious Diseases.   Date Released: 9/13/2006.

  13. HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF TRANSGENDER COMMUNITY IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Michelraj. M

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the historical growth of Ttransgender community in India.Thehistorical evolution of the transgender community inMughal period, British period, Post-Independence and contemporary period. In the Mughal period the transgenders were in high position and they were political advisor and administered in empire. In the British era the transgenders were benefited by the provision of land and rights of food. In ontemporary period, the government of India implemented new poli...

  14. U.S.-India safeguards dispute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current U.S.-India dispute over nuclear safeguards is likely to be the single most important test of the Carter administration's anti-proliferation policies. The Carter administration wants India to accept comprehensive safeguards that would bar further production of nuclear explosives. The Desai government wants to maintain unsafeguarded facilities, in effect keeping the weapons option open. It has been a basic tenet of Indian nuclear policy since the mid-1950s that the big powers must disarm if the small powers are to renounce acquisition of nuclear weapons. As a matter of practical policy, India is willing to forego a nuclear deterrent only if sustained world pressure keeps China's nuclear aspirations in check. As a matter of basic principle, India regards it as unfair and imperialistic that the heavily armed big powers ask for special assurances from the lightly armed small powers. India takes the position that it will cooperate with the United States only voluntarily and only if the nuclear weapon states or at least the superpowers start to clean up their own act. The superpowers must (1) negotiate a comprehensive test ban treaty; (2) accept full-scope safeguards themselves, which would be tantamount to a ban on any further production of weapons-grade materials; and (3) make significant moves toward total nuclear disarmament. The dependence of India on the United States for nuclear supplies is almost negligible. India's major nuclear facilities in operation or under construction include five research reactors, seven power reactors and three reprocessing facilities. Of these 15 facilities, the United States supplied only one (the Tarapur reactor) and 12 of them are not under IAEA safeguards. The United States, in short, is threatening to terminate supplies of low-enriched uranium for just one reactor unless India places these 12 facilities under IAEA safeguards

  15. HOMOSEXUALITY IN INDIA: A SOCIO LEGAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Ashutosh Bairagi

    2015-01-01

    Homosexuality, a kind of sexual orientation exist in Indian society and all the countries of world and considered as crime in many countries and in India under the purview of unnatural offences. The Delhi High Court decriminalized the act of homosexuality but after than the Supreme Court of India overruled the decision of Delhi HC and thus the homosexuals or the LGBTs have been refrained to enjoy the privileges guaranteed under the part III of Indian Constitution and are considered as crim...

  16. Open access in India: hopes and frustrations

    OpenAIRE

    S. Arunachalam

    2008-01-01

    India has a large S&T research community and Indian researchers perform research in a wide variety of areas including space research, nuclear energy, biotechnology, materials science (including nanoscience and nanotechnology), and all areas of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and earth sciences. India trains a very large number of scientists and engineers and a large percent of the best graduates migrate to the West. One would think that everything is fine with science and technology ...

  17. FOOD SECURITY IN INDIA: STATUS AND CHALLENGES

    OpenAIRE

    Manjunath B. Tallur

    2016-01-01

    Food security is one of the major factors behind the quality of human recourse of a country. India has been self sufficient in food production since seventies. The necessity for achieving food security is felt considerably in the recent years due to enormous pressure from the rising population in India. Because of the change in preferences in crop production techniques over a period of time, several new challenges draw attention to food security. This article discusses the status of and vario...

  18. India's Informal Trade With SriLanka

    OpenAIRE

    Nisha Taneja

    2007-01-01

    The study is based on an extensive survey carried out in the Indian cities of Chennai, Trichy, Thiruvananthapuram, Tuticorin, Mumbai and Rameshwaram. Informal trade between India and Sri Lanka is largely a one way trade from India to Sri Lanka and is almost a third of the total value of trade through formal channels. Informal traders have developed efficient mechanisms for information flows, risk sharing and risk mitigation. The transaction costs of trading in the informal channels are signif...

  19. American Indian Perspectives of Euro-American Counseling Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lokken, Jayne M.; Twohey, Denise

    2004-01-01

    Thirteen American Indians participated in 17 counseling interviews with Euro-American counselors. The study analyzed interviews of American Indian participants using Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR). Counselor trustworthiness, which was increased by counselor empathy, genuineness, concern, self-disclosure, and slow pace of problem…

  20. Optimizing biodiesel production in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India is expected to at least double its fuel consumption in the transportation sector by 2030. To contribute to the fuel supply, renewable energies such as jatropha appear to be an attractive resource for biodiesel production in India as it can be grown on waste land and does not need intensive water supply. In order to produce biodiesel at a competitive cost, the biodiesel supply chain - from biomass harvesting to biodiesel delivery to the consumers - is analyzed. A mixed integer linear programming model is used in order to determine the optimal number and geographic locations of biodiesel plants. The optimization is based on minimization of the costs of the supply chain with respect to the biomass, production and transportation costs. Three biodiesel blends are considered, B2, B5 and B10. For each blend, 13 scenarios are considered where yield, biomass cost, cake price, glycerol price, transport cost and investment costs are studied. A sensitivity analysis is carried out on both those parameters and the resulting locations of the plants. The emissions of the supply chain are also considered. The results state that the biomass cost has most influence on the biodiesel cost (an increase of feedstock cost increases the biodiesel cost by about 40%) and to a lower effect, the investment cost and the glycerol price. Moreover, choosing the right set of production plant locations highly depends on the scenarios that have the highest probability to occur, for which the production plant locations still produce a competitive biodiesel cost and emissions from the transportation are minimum. In this study, one set of plant locations happened to meet these two requirements. (author)

  1. Primary hyperparathyroidism in North India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has a variable clinical expression. Symptomatic PHPT is still predominant form of the disease in many parts of the world, especially developing countries. Because the clinical profile of the disease has changed from that described in the past we sought to improve our understanding of the disease in patients in North India. We summarized the clinical presentation, biochemical and radiological features, and operative findings from the case records from the last 13 years of 52 patients at a tertiary care center in North India who had documented PHPT. The male: female was 1:3.3 with ages ranging from 6 to 60 years (mean+-SD, 36.38+-12.73). Bone disease (46%), recurrent renal stones (21%) and body aches and pains (21%) were the most common modes of the presentation. The lag time varied ranged from 1 month to 16 years. Common clinical manifestations included bone pain (67%), weakness/fatigue (56%), fracture of long bones (48%), abdominal pain (39%), polyuria (37%) and psychiatric manifestations (23.1%). Hypertension was observed in 42% and a palpable nodule in the neck in 19%. Biochemical features included hypercalcemia (86.5%), hypophosphatemia (65.4%) and hyperphosphatasia (67.3%). Mean intact PTH (+-SD)was 809.0+-696.3 ng/L with levels significantly lower in patients who had only kidney stone diseases compared with those with bone disease (P=0.017). A single parathyroid was localized in 50(98%) patients. Hungry bone disease was seen in 59% patients. (author)

  2. Soil Carbon Sequestration in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With a large land area and diverse ecoregions, there is a considerable potential of terrestrial/soil carbon sequestration in India. Of the total land area of 329 million hectares (Mha), 297 Mha is the land area comprising 162 Mha of arable land, 69 Mha of forest and woodland, 11 Mha of permanent pasture, 8 Mha of permanent crops and 58 Mha is other land uses. The soil organic carbon (SOC) pool is estimated at 21 Pg (petagram = Pg = 1 x 1015 g billion ton) to 30-cm depth and 63 Pg to 150-cm depth. The soil inorganic carbon (SIC) pool is estimated at 196 Pg to 1-m depth. The SOC concentration in most cultivated soils is less than 5 g/kg compared with 15 to 20 g/kg in uncultivated soils. Low SOC concentration is attributed to plowing, removal of crop residue and other biosolids, and mining of soil fertility. Accelerated soil erosion by water leads to emission of 6 Tg C/y. Important strategies of soil C sequestration include restoration of degraded soils, and adoption of recommended management practices (RMPs) of agricultural and forestry soils. Potential of soil C sequestration in India is estimated at 7 to 10 Tg C/y for restoration of degraded soils and ecosystems, 5 to 7 Tg C/y for erosion control, 6 to 7 Tg C/y for adoption of RMPs on agricultural soils, and 22 to 26 Tg C/y for secondary carbonates. Thus, total potential of soil C sequestration is 39 to 49 (44± 5) Tg C/y

  3. Optimizing biodiesel production in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    India is expected to at least double its fuel consumption in the transportation sector by 2030. To contribute to the fuel supply, renewable energies such as jatropha appear to be an attractive resource for biodiesel production in India as it can be grown on waste land and does not need intensive water supply. In order to produce biodiesel at a competitive cost, the biodiesel supply chain - from biomass harvesting to biodiesel delivery to the consumers - is analyzed. A mixed integer linear programming model is used in order to determine the optimal number and geographic locations of biodiesel plants. The optimization is based on minimization of the costs of the supply chain with respect to the biomass, production and transportation costs. Three biodiesel blends are considered, B2, B5 and B10. For each blend, 13 scenarios are considered where yield, biomass cost, cake price, glycerol price, transport cost and investment costs are studied. A sensitivity analysis is carried out on both those parameters and the resulting locations of the plants. The emissions of the supply chain are also considered. The results state that the biomass cost has most influence on the biodiesel cost (an increase of feedstock cost increases the biodiesel cost by about 40%) and to a lower effect, the investment cost and the glycerol price. Moreover, choosing the right set of production plant locations highly depends on the scenarios that have the highest probability to occur, for which the production plant locations still produce a competitive biodiesel cost and emissions from the transportation are minimum. In this study, one set of plant locations happened to meet these two requirements.

  4. India

    CERN Multimedia

    Hagedorn,R

    1975-01-01

    Le Prof.Rolf Hagedorn est née à Wuppertal en Allemagne et a étudié la physique à Göttingen. Il a eu l'occasion de séjourner plusieurs mois en Inde et nous ramène son image avec présentation des diapositives. Il parle entre autre d'une école qui est un oeuvre social exceptionnel fondé par une Allemande et un Indien, qui se sont mariés en Allemagne et retourné en Inde pour élever leurs deux filles.

  5. American Society of Nephrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... co/8cdJ2oSFjH – @ASNKidney on Twitter ASN News Feed Society Events Interact With ASN rss Facebook Twitter YouTube ... Podcast ASN Communities Share ASN User Login © American Society of Nephrology top Text Size + - Translate Sitemap Terms ...

  6. Native Americans: Subject Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonanni, Mimmo; Etter, Patricia A.

    This annotated subject guide lists reference material that deals with Native Americans and is available in the Arizona State University Libraries. Entries were published 1933-98, but mostly in the 1980s-90s. The guide is not comprehensive, but rather a selective list of resources useful for researching a topic in a variety of fields. The guide…

  7. American Macular Degeneration Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Macular Degeneration The Eye as a Camera Anatomy of a Normal Human Eye ADA and Your Legal Protection AMD Treatment ... Amsler Grid Ten Questions to Ask Your Doctor Anatomy of a Normal Human Eye Disclaimer Privacy Policy Americans with Disabilities Act ...

  8. American Indian Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momaday, Natachee Scott

    Twenty-six selections by 15 contemporary American Indian authors are given in this book. The selections--legends, ceremonial chants and prayers, poems, and stories--are accompanied by topics for discussion. Some of the selections deal with the supernatural, and some tell an actual story about the author. Pictures and short biographies of each…

  9. American Overseas Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Robert J., Ed.; Duke, Charles R., Ed.

    A compilation of articles examines the similarities and differences of educational administration in schools for American students overseas. The "Introductions and Orientations" section includes: "The Association for the Advancement of International Education" (Lewis A. Grell); "The Office of Overseas Schools of the United States Department of…

  10. Unionism and American Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spring, Joel

    Organized labor in the United States has been divided in the types of economic solutions it has sought for the working class and in the type of support it has given education. In terms of education, rightwing unionism has tended to accept the basic structure of American education and the general ideology of equality of opportunity. Leftwing…

  11. Gifted Asian American Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitano, Margie K.

    1997-01-01

    Presents an analysis of personal, socialization, and structural factors affecting the lifespan achievement of 15 Asian American women identified as gifted. Their families' intense focus on educational achievement and hard work are described, and the need for better preparation to overcome obstacles in the workplace is discussed. (Author/CR)

  12. American College of Radiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American College of Radiology JOIN ACR Login About Us Media Center Contact Us Follow us Shopping Cart (0) ACR Catalog Donate My ACR ... Education Center eLearning Exams & Assessments MOC Marketplace AIRP™ Radiology Leadership Institute ® Quality & Safety Accreditation Appropriateness Criteria® Practice ...

  13. BYD's American Dream

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING WENLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chinese automaker BYD Co.Ltd.repeated its goal of selling electric vehicles in the United States during its third appearance at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit this year.But unlike previous years,BYD gained ground in its efforts to promote electric cars.

  14. Hispanic American Heritage, Intermediate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Mike

    This resource book features the cultural heritage of Hispanics living within the United States and includes ideas, materials, and activities to be used with students in the intermediate grades and middle school. This book explores the definition of the term "Hispanic Americans" and suggests a multilayered population with a variety of cultural…

  15. American Holidays and Festivals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯凌

    2002-01-01

    One of the interesting things to learn about a country is to know different kinds of holidays and festivals its people celebrate(庆祝) and to tell why they celebrate them. Although there are some similarities(相似) between American and Chinese holidays and festivals, there are quite a few differences.

  16. Asian-American Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, William T.; Yu, Elena S. H.

    Although Asian Americans enjoy the image of a "successful minority," they also have endured hardships and prejudices. This report traces the history of the Japanese and Chinese experience in the United States. Some similarities are discernible in the immigration patterns of the two ethnic populations. The first wave of immigrants provided cheap…

  17. Pan American Health Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Google Tag Pan American Health Organization | Organización Panamericana de la Salud Skip to content English Español Menu Home Health Topics Programs Media Center Publications Data Countries and Centers About PAHO question  Trachoma is the ...

  18. Profile: Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Program Grants Other Grants Planning and Evaluation Grantee Best Practices Asian American Asthma Cancer Chronic Liver Disease Diabetes ... Phone: 240-453-2882 Office of Minority Health Resource Center Toll Free: 1-800-444-6472 / Fax: 301-251-2160 Email: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov Stay Connected ... FOIA | Accessibility | Site Map | Contact Us | Viewers & Players

  19. Immunizations and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Program Grants Other Grants Planning and Evaluation Grantee Best Practices Black/African American Asthma Cancer Chronic Liver Disease ... 13 to 17 years who ever received the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, 2014 - Males # doses ... 240-453-2882 Office of Minority Health Resource Center Toll Free: 1-800-444-6472 / Fax: ...

  20. Festival of American Folklife

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Theodore P.

    1976-01-01

    The "Festival of American Folklife in 1976 was the largest cultural event of its kind ever held". Describes the Festival programs representing the diverse cultural groups who displayed their traditions and skills at the Mall between the Lincoln and Washington monuments during the summer of 1976. (Author/RK)