Sample records for aluminia

  1. Synthesis by Sol-gel and characterization of catalysts Ag/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-CeO{sub 2}; Sintesis por Sol-gel y caracterizacion de catalizadores Ag/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-CeO{sub 2}

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    Zayas, M.L.; Perez H, R. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Rubio, E. [BUAP, Centro de Vinculacion, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Velasco, A. [BUAP, Facultad de Quimica, 72000 Puebla (Mexico)


    Aluminia, cerium and mixed oxides Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-CeO{sub 2} with different relationship Al/Ce (0.75, 0.50 and 0.25) were prepared by sol-gel and used as support for the Ag. The samples were characterized by XRD, DRIFT, TPR and adsorption of N{sub 2} to temperature of liquid nitrogen. The surface area BET showed that the materials that contain aluminia present near values among them. XRD allowed to identify to the cerianite in the oxides that whose support contains cerium and to the {alpha}-aluminia. A mixture of phases was observed in the aluminia. Vibration bands attributed to the bond Al-O and Ce-O were observed by DRIFT in the catalytic materials. TPR showed differences in the reducibility of the Ag precursor in the indicative catalysts of a different interaction with the support. (Author)

  2. Market analysis of shale oil co-products. Appendices

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    Data are presented in these appendices on the marketing and economic potential for soda ash, aluminia, and nahcolite as by-products of shale oil production. Appendices 1 and 2 contain data on the estimated capital and operating cost of an oil shales/mineral co-products recovery facility. Appendix 3 contains the marketing research data.

  3. Experimental results from a pilot plant for converting acid whey to potentially useful food products

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    Coughlin, R.W.; Marvin, C.; Julkowski, K.


    The pilot plant used a fluidized bed with lactase immobilized on aluminia as well as ultrafiltration and demineralization equipment. Conversion of lactose to its consitiuent monosaccharides was up to 84%, vs. 65% on a bench scale. Advantages of the fluidized bed reactor are its freedom from plugging, its lower pressure loss, and its adaptability to frequent cleaning, compared to a fixed bed.

  4. Department of the Air Force Supporting Data for FY 1991 Budget Estimates Submitted to Congress January 1990. Descriptive Summaries, Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (United States)


    ceramic superconducting thin films. - (U) Demonstrated high temperature creep resistance in 50 aluminia - 50. zirconia ceramics. - (U) Atomic level...Conduct testing of port and inlet covers to preclude acci- dental ingestion of foreign objects into the VFDR engine. - (U) Initiate VFDR Preliminary...power applications. - (U) Develop one cubic -foot system. - (U) Develop one cubic -foot mid-Ir system. D. (U) WORK PERFORMED BY: The Weapons Laboratory

  5. Alkylation reaction by the 2-chloropropane of benzene on the hyper saline element processes alumina catalyst; Koenso shori arumina shokubaijo deno benzen no 2-kuroropuropan ni yoru arukiruka hanno

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    Imanishi, Kazuhiro; Saeki, Takayuki; Sawada, Tetsuro; Shobu, Akinori


    The semibatch reactor was used at atmospheric pressure, 273K in respect of isopropyl reaction by 2-chloropropane (2CP) of benzene on aluminia catalyst (AmLSA) chlorinated in the high temperature. The AmLSA catalyst showed the activity, which was higher than the AlCl{sub 3} catalyst. Main products were isopropyl benzene (IPB) and para - diisopropyl benzene (dj-IPB) - 1,3,5-triisopropyl benzene (tri-IPB) and, and the generation of 4 substitutes was as a trace. Product composition at 2CP 100% conversion ratio is IPB 76%, di-IPB I9%, tri-IPB 5% Di-IPB in the isopropyl reaction of IPB be 82%, tri-IPB It was 18%. The catalyst was perfectly toxified, even if it is deaerated at the temperature of pyridine adsorption post 573K or less, and it began to recover in the de-aeration of 673K, and it recovered after the de-aeration at 873K to active 43% before the toxification. It was concluded, when the reaction perfectly stops, when the catalyst is removed from system of reaction, and when the elution of the active species has not been generated. In comparison with the result of result of the superscription and alkylation reaction by 1 - chloropropane (ICP) and isopropyl reaction by the aluminum chloride catalyst, the reaction on the AmLSA catalyst was explained with that it progressed by the mechanism of the Friedel-Crafts type. (translated by NEDO)

  6. Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Thin Films of Al2O3 or TiO2 Doped Scandia Stabilized Zirconia Solid Electrolytes%Al2O3或TiO2掺杂的ScSZ固体电解质纳米晶薄膜的制备及表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚文; 杨宇; 金舒; 田曙坚; 李国宝; 贾江涛; 廖春生; 严纯华


    Dense,crack-free and uniform nanocrystalline (Al2O3)0.10(Sc2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.82and (Sc2O3)0.125(TiO2)0.175(ZrO2)0.70 thin films with thickness of 0.31 μm and 0.36 μm respectively on Si(100) substrate,have been successfully prepared by a Sol\\|Gel spin coating method.Cubic nanocrystals can be obtained at relatively low sintering temperature with an average grain size of about 47 nm and 51 nm respectively.The aluminia-doped ScSZ thins film are the same dense as the ScSZ thin films.However,there are a small amount of pinholes found in the microstructure of the titania-doped ScSZ films.%利用溶胶-凝胶旋涂法,在单晶硅基片(100)上分别制得了厚度约为0.31 μm的(Al2O3)0.10(Sc2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.82和0.36 μm的(Sc2O3)0.125(TiO2)0.175(ZrO2)0.70固体电解质纳米晶薄膜。烧结实验结果表明,两种薄膜均在650℃以上开始晶化,温度越高,晶化越完全,在800℃可完全晶化;所得纳米晶颗粒呈纯的萤石结构立方相;铝和钛掺杂的纳米晶颗粒的平均大小分别为47和51 nm。铝掺杂的薄膜非常均匀致密,然而,钛掺杂的薄膜存在少量微气孔。

  7. A study of colorimetric characteristics of the gold-platinum alloys substructure covered by different all-ceramic crowns before and after veneered application%不同全瓷冠在金铂合金基核表面颜色变化的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈奕帆; 刘红春; 孟玉坤; 巢永烈; 杨晓喻


    Objective   To evaluate the optical data of the different sites of the gold-platinum alloys substructures covered by four different all-ceramic crowns, as well as the color difference between the crowns and target tab by using a digital dental spectrophotometer. Methods  Ten gold-platinum alloy substructures were made and were respectively tested on four different groups of all-ceramic crowns(Procera aluminia, Procera zirconia, Lava zirconia, and IPS E.max glass-ceramic lithium disilicate-reinforced monolithic crown). The color data of the cervical, body, incisal sites of the specimens were recorded and analyzed by a spectrophotometer. The L*, a*, b* values were measured again after veneered application. The color difference between the substructures covered by all-ceramic crowns and target A2 dentine shade tab was evaluated. Results  The L* values of the substructures can be increased by all four groups of all-ceramic copings and were higher than that of the A2 tab, but a* values were decreased and lower than A2 tab. The b* values showed inconsistent tendency of change. A statistical difference was found among four groups of copings. After veneered application, the L* values of all the copings declined and were lower than that of the control group. The values of a* and b* increased significantly, but the a* of the specimens was lower than that of the control. When compared with A2 dentine shade tab, the ΔΕ of the crowns was small, but the color difference was still clinically perceptible by human eyes.