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Sample records for alpha-gamma decay studies

  1. Resonance strengths in the 14N(p,gamma)15O and 15N(p,alpha gamma)12C reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Marta, Michele; Bemmerer, Daniel; Beyer, Roland; Broggini, Carlo; Caciolli, Antonio; Erhard, Martin; Fülöp, Zsolt; Grosse, Eckart; Gyürky, György; Hannaske, Roland; Junghans, Arnd R; Menegazzo, Roberto; Nair, Chithra; Schwengner, Ronald; Szücs, Tamás; Vezzú, Simone; Wagner, Andreas; Yakorev, Dmitry

    2010-01-01

    The 14N(p,gamma)15O reaction is the slowest reaction of the carbon-nitrogen-oxygen cycle of hydrogen burning in stars. As a consequence, it determines the rate of the cycle. The 15N(p,alpha gamma)12C reaction is frequently used in inverse kinematics for hydrogen depth profiling in materials. The 14N(p,gamma)15O and 15N(p,alpha gamma)12C reactions have been studied simultaneously, using titanium nitride targets of natural isotopic composition and a proton beam. The strengths of the resonances at Ep = 1058 keV in 14N(p,gamma)15O and at Ep = 897 and 430 keV in 15N(p,alpha gamma)12C have been determined with improved precision, relative to the well-known resonance at Ep = 278 keV in 14N(p,gamma)15O. The new recommended values are \\omega\\gamma = 0.352$\\pm$0.018, 362$\\pm$20, and 22.0$\\pm$0.9\\,eV for their respective strengths. In addition, the branching ratios for the decay of the Ep = 1058 keV resonance in 14N(p,gamma)15O have been redetermined. The data reported here should facilitate future studies of off-resona...

  2. Neutron-induced background by an alpha-beam incident on a deuterium gas target and its implications for the study of the 2H(alpha,gamma)6Li reaction at LUNA

    CERN Document Server

    Anders, M; Bellini, A; Aliotta, M; Bemmerer, D; Broggini, C; Caciolli, A; Costantini, H; Corvisiero, P; Davinson, T; Elekes, Z; Erhard, M; Formicola, A; Fülöp, Zs; Gervino, G; Guglielmetti, A; Gustavino, C; Gyürky, Gy; Junker, M; Lemut, A; Marta, M; Mazzocchi, C; Menegazzo, R; Prati, P; Alvarez, C Rossi; Scott, D; Somorjai, E; Straniero, O; Szücs, T

    2013-01-01

    The production of the stable isotope Li-6 in standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis has recently attracted much interest. Recent observations in metal-poor stars suggest that a cosmological Li-6 plateau may exist. If true, this plateau would come in addition to the well-known Spite plateau of Li-7 abundances and would point to a predominantly primordial origin of Li-6, contrary to the results of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis calculations. Therefore, the nuclear physics underlying Big Bang Li-6 production must be revisited. The main production channel for Li-6 in the Big Bang is the 2H(alpha,gamma)6Li reaction. The present work reports on neutron-induced effects in a high-purity germanium detector that were encountered in a new study of this reaction. In the experiment, an {\\alpha}-beam from the underground accelerator LUNA in Gran Sasso, Italy, and a windowless deuterium gas target are used. A low neutron flux is induced by energetic deuterons from elastic scattering and, subsequently, the 2H(d,n)3He reaction....

  3. Neutron-induced background by an {alpha}-beam incident on a deuterium gas target and its implications for the study of the {sup 2}H({alpha},{gamma}){sup 6}Li reaction at LUNA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anders, M.; Bemmerer, D.; Elekes, Z.; Marta, M. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Dresden (Germany); Trezzi, D.; Mazzocchi, C. [INFN, Sezione di Milano, Milano (Italy); Bellini, A.; Costantini, H.; Corvisiero, P.; Lemut, A.; Prati, P. [Universita di Genova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Genova, Dipartimento di Fisica, Genova (Italy); Aliotta, M.; Davinson, T.; Scott, D. [University of Edinburgh, SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Broggini, C.; Caciolli, A.; Erhard, M.; Menegazzo, R.; Rossi Alvarez, C. [INFN, Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Formicola, A.; Junker, M. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (Italy); Fueloep, Zs.; Gyuerky, G.; Somorjai, E.; Szuecs, T. [Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), Debrecen (Hungary); Gervino, G. [Universita di Torino (Italy); INFN, Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Torino (Italy); Guglielmetti, A. [INFN, Sezione di Milano, Milano (Italy); Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milano (Italy); Gustavino, C. [INFN, Sezione di Roma ' ' La Sapienza' ' , Roma (Italy); Straniero, O. [INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Napoli (Italy); Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, Teramo (Italy); Collaboration: LUNA Collaboration

    2013-02-15

    The production of the stable isotope {sup 6}Li in standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis has recently attracted much interest. Recent observations in metal-poor stars suggest that a cosmological {sup 6}Li plateau may exist. If true, this plateau would come in addition to the well-known Spite plateau of {sup 7}Li abundances and would point to a predominantly primordial origin of {sup 6}Li, contrary to the results of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis calculations. Therefore, the nuclear physics underlying Big Bang {sup 6}Li production must be revisited. The main production channel for {sup 6}Li in the Big Bang is the {sup 2}H({alpha},{gamma}){sup 6}Li reaction. The present work reports on neutron-induced effects in a high-purity germanium detector that were encountered in a new study of this reaction. In the experiment, an {alpha}-beam from the underground accelerator LUNA in Gran Sasso, Italy, and a windowless deuterium gas target are used. A low neutron flux is induced by energetic deuterons from elastic scattering and, subsequently, the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reaction. Due to the ultra-low laboratory neutron background at LUNA, the effect of this weak flux of 2-3 MeV neutrons on well-shielded high-purity germanium detectors has been studied in detail. Data have been taken at 280 and 400keV {alpha}-beam energy and for comparison also using an americium-beryllium neutron source. (orig.)

  4. The resonance triplet at E_alpha = 4.5 MeV in the 40Ca(alpha,gamma)44Ti reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, Konrad; Anders, Michael; Bemmerer, Daniel; Boretzky, Konstanze; Caciolli, Antonio; Degering, Detlev; Dietz, Mirco; Dressler, Rugard; Elekes, Zoltán; Fülöp, Zsolt; Gyürky, György; Hannaske, Roland; Junghans, Arnd R; Marta, Michele; Menzel, Marie-Luise; Munnik, Frans; Schumann, Dorothea; Schwengner, Ronald; Szücs, Tamás; Wagner, Andreas; Yakorev, Dmitry; Zuber, Kai

    2013-01-01

    The 40Ca(alpha,gamma)44Ti reaction is believed to be the main production channel for the radioactive nuclide 44Ti in core-collapse supernovae. Radiation from decaying 44Ti has been observed so far for two supernova remnants, and a precise knowledge of the 44Ti production rate may help improve supernova models. The 40Ca(alpha,gamma)44Ti astrophysical reaction rate is determined by a number of narrow resonances. Here, the resonance triplet at E_alpha = 4497, 4510, and 4523 keV is studied both by activation, using an underground laboratory for the gamma counting, and by in-beam gamma spectrometry. The target properties are determined by elastic recoil detection analysis and by nuclear reactions. The strengths of the three resonances are determined to omega gamma = (0.92+-0.20), (6.2+-0.5), and (1.32+-0.24) eV, respectively, a factor of two more precise than before. The strengths of this resonance triplet may be used in future works as a point of reference. In addition, the present new data directly affect the as...

  5. Study of the excited levels of 233Pa by the 237Np alpha decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The excited levels in 233Pa following the 237Np alpha decay have been studied, by performing different experiences to complete available data and supply new information. Thus, two direct alpha spectrum measurement, one alpha-gamma bidimensional coincidence experiment, three gamma-gamma and gamma-X ray coincidences and some other measurements of the gamma spectrum, direct and coincident with alpha-particles have been made. These last experiences have allowed to obviate usual radiochemical separation methods, the 233Pa radioactive descendent interferences being eliminated by means of the coincidence technic. As a result, a primary decay scheme has been elaborated, including 15 new gamma transitions and two new levels, not observed in the most recent works. (Author) 60 refs

  6. Human C81 (alpha-gamma) polymorphism: detection in the alpha-gamma subunit on SDS-PAGE, formal genetics and linkage relationship.

    OpenAIRE

    Rittner, C; Hargesheimer, W; Stradmann, B; Bertrams, J; Baur, M P; Petersen, B H

    1986-01-01

    The molecular basis of human C81 (alpha-gamma) polymorphism could be elucidated by immunoprecipitation of human C81 allotypes and separation of the alpha-gamma and beta subunits on sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) under nonreducing conditions. If the C8 molecules were completely reduced, C81 polymorphism was no longer detectable on SDS-PAGE. It is concluded that C81 variation depends on charge rather than molecular weight differences. Four C81 allotypes, the...

  7. Study of charmonium rare decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis presents the study of rare decays of charmonium states formed in the interaction of an antiproton beam with an hydrogen gas jet target. Electromagnetic final states are used to sign the charmonium state formation (e+e-, e+e- + Χ, γγ). The selection of events used a two arms non magnetic spectrometer, with a charged track system, a threshold Cerenkov counter to tag the electron (positron), and an e.m. calorimeter. Energy scan technic have been used to observe the resonant formation through the excitation curves. Parameters of the states (mass, total and partial widths) are extracted from these curves using a statistical analysis. Two types of decays have been studied in this thesis: 1P1 charmonium state decay to the ψ (signed by its e+e- decay). In the energy scan around the center of gravity of the P charmonium states, we observe a cluster of 5 events, in a narrow mass range. This cluster correspond to a 2.7 σ signal. The most probable interpretation of this signal is given by a narrow resonance, with a mass of 3526. MeV. Due to the properties (mass, width and decay) of this signal, this could be interpreted as the 1P1 charmonium state. 2 photons decay of the ηc and Χ2. 22 γγ events are observed, 15 in the ηc region, and 7 in the Χ2 region. This sample is interpreted as a direct observation of ηc and Χ2 decay into γγ. Parameters of these decays, (γγ partial width), are extracted using a maximum likekihood analysis. Theoretical models of charmonium explain correctly the properties of the charmonium, including the results presented in this thesis. 57 refs

  8. α decay and recoil decay tagging studies of 183Tl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-spin states in the nucleus 183Tl have been studied using the recoil decay tagging and recoil tagging techniques. The data have enabled new structures to be identified which are believed to be based on prolate f7/2, h9/2, and oblate h9/2 configurations. In addition, the prolate i3/2 structure has also been extended. The systematics of the newly identified structures will be discussed. The α decay of 183Tl has also been investigated. Examination of both delayed and prompt γ rays in coincidence with the prominent 6333-keV α decay, together with an investigation of the effects of the summing of L electrons, allow assignment of transitions and the construction of tentative low-spin decay schemes for 179Au and 175Ir

  9. Development of a new plasma diagnostic of the critical surface and studies of the ion acoustic decay instability using collective Thomson scattering. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizuno, K.; DeGroot, J.S. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Seka, W. [Rochester Univ., NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics]l Drake, R.P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1991-12-31

    We have developed 5-channel collective Thomson scattering system to measure the ion acoustic wave excited by the ion acoustic wave decay instabilities. The multichannel collective Thomson scattering technique was established with 4{omega} probe laser beam using GDL laser system at LLE, Univ. of Rochester. We have obtained the ionic charge state Z by measuring the second harmonic emission from the ion acoustic decay instability. The LASNEX computer simulation calculations have been carried out. The experimental results agree very well with the LASNEX computer simulation results with the flux number f=0.1. In high power laser regime, the spectrum become broad, and the {alpha}{gamma} decreases indicating that the turbulent like spectrum is observed. In order to understand the experimental results, we have developed a theory to study absorption of laser and heat transport. This new theory includes the temporal evolution of the heat conduction region. The results agree with flux-limited hydrodynamic simulations. 20 refs.

  10. Development of a new plasma diagnostic of the critical surface and studies of the ion acoustic decay instability using collective Thomson scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizuno, K.; DeGroot, J.S. (California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)); Seka, W. (Rochester Univ., NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics)l Drake, R.P. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-01-01

    We have developed 5-channel collective Thomson scattering system to measure the ion acoustic wave excited by the ion acoustic wave decay instabilities. The multichannel collective Thomson scattering technique was established with 4{omega} probe laser beam using GDL laser system at LLE, Univ. of Rochester. We have obtained the ionic charge state Z by measuring the second harmonic emission from the ion acoustic decay instability. The LASNEX computer simulation calculations have been carried out. The experimental results agree very well with the LASNEX computer simulation results with the flux number f=0.1. In high power laser regime, the spectrum become broad, and the {alpha}{gamma} decreases indicating that the turbulent like spectrum is observed. In order to understand the experimental results, we have developed a theory to study absorption of laser and heat transport. This new theory includes the temporal evolution of the heat conduction region. The results agree with flux-limited hydrodynamic simulations. 20 refs.

  11. The C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction at astrophysical energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction rate is estimated for temperatures important for He flashes in white dwarfs and for nonhomogeneous big-bang nucleosynthesis. If available, the resonant contributions to the rate are derived using recent experimental data. The direct capture rate is evaluated on the basis of a microscopic multichannel calculation of the C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction. Possible interference contributions are discussed. The present rate is compared to previous estimates of Hashimoto et al. (1986) and of Buchmann et al. (1988). 23 refs

  12. The C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction at astrophysical energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Funck, C.; Langanke, K. (Muenster Universitaet (Germany, F.R.))

    1989-09-01

    The C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction rate is estimated for temperatures important for He flashes in white dwarfs and for nonhomogeneous big-bang nucleosynthesis. If available, the resonant contributions to the rate are derived using recent experimental data. The direct capture rate is evaluated on the basis of a microscopic multichannel calculation of the C-14(alpha, gamma)O-18 reaction. Possible interference contributions are discussed. The present rate is compared to previous estimates of Hashimoto et al. (1986) and of Buchmann et al. (1988). 23 refs.

  13. Determination of the 242Pu Branching Ratio via Alpha-Gamma Coincidence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, T F

    2012-05-24

    When the burn-up is high, the {sup 242}Pu isotopic content becomes more important. The traditional correlation method will fail. The {sup 242}Pu isotopic content in the sample plays an essential role if the neutron coincidence method is used to quantify the total amount of plutonium. In one of the earlier measurements we had a chance to measure an isotopic pure (> 99.95 %) {sup 242}Pu thick sample and realized that the difference in the branching ratio (BR) value among current nuclear data3) for the two important gamma-rays at 103.5-keV and 158.8-keV. In this study, the thick sample was counted on a 15% ORTEC safeguards type HPGe to further improve BR determination of the 159-keV gamma-ray. Furthermore, we have made a thin {sup 242}Pu sample from the thick sample and performed alpha-gamma coincidence measurements. Our preliminary gamma-ray BR results are 4.37(6) E-4, 2.79(8) E-5, and 2.25(8) E-6 for 44.9-keV, 103.5-keV, and 158.9-keV, respectively.

  14. Determination of the 242Pu Branching Ratio via Alpha-Gamma Coincidence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When the burn-up is high, the 242Pu isotopic content becomes more important. The traditional correlation method will fail. The 242Pu isotopic content in the sample plays an essential role if the neutron coincidence method is used to quantify the total amount of plutonium. In one of the earlier measurements we had a chance to measure an isotopic pure (> 99.95 %) 242Pu thick sample and realized that the difference in the branching ratio (BR) value among current nuclear data3) for the two important gamma-rays at 103.5-keV and 158.8-keV. In this study, the thick sample was counted on a 15% ORTEC safeguards type HPGe to further improve BR determination of the 159-keV gamma-ray. Furthermore, we have made a thin 242Pu sample from the thick sample and performed alpha-gamma coincidence measurements. Our preliminary gamma-ray BR results are 4.37(6) E-4, 2.79(8) E-5, and 2.25(8) E-6 for 44.9-keV, 103.5-keV, and 158.9-keV, respectively.

  15. Experimental study of rare charged pion decays

    CERN Document Server

    Pocanic, Dinko; van der Schaaf, Andries

    2014-01-01

    The combination of simple dynamics, small number of available decay channels, and extremely well controlled radiative and loop corrections, make charged pion decays a sensitive means for testing the underlying symmetries and the universality of weak fermion couplings, as well as for improving our understanding of pion structure and chiral dynamics. This paper reviews the current state of experimental study of the allowed rare decays of charged pions: (a) leptonic, $\\pi^+ \\to e^+\

  16. Impact of alpha-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol on the radiation induced oxidation of rapeseed oil triacylglycerols

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braunrath, Robert; Isnardy, Bettina; Solar, Sonja, E-mail: sonja.solar@univie.ac.at; Elmadfa, Ibrahim

    2010-07-15

    Gamma-irradiation (doses: 2, 4, 7, and 10 kGy) was used as oxidation tool to study the antioxidant effects of alpha-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol (enrichments 500-5000 ppm) in purified rapeseed oil triacylglycerols (RSOTG). Fatty acid composition, tocopherol degradation, primary (conjugated dienes (CD) and peroxide value (POV)) and secondary (p-anisidine value) oxidation products were chosen as test parameters. Fatty acid composition did not change. While secondary oxidation products could not be found in the irradiated samples, the POVs and CDs showed a significant, dose-dependent increase. alpha-Tocopherol did not inhibit the formation of peroxides, whereas gamma- and delta-tocopherol reduced the POVs by more than 30%. No uniform effect of the different tocopherol concentrations at the particular doses could be established. The influence of the individual tocopherols on the CD formation was not pronounced. The degradation of the tocopherols decreased with increasing concentration. None of the tocopherols showed a prooxidant effect.

  17. $\\beta$-decay study of $^{77}$Cu

    CERN Document Server

    Patronis, N; Górska, M; Huyse, M; Kruglov, K; Pauwels, D; Van de Vel, K; Van Duppen, P; Van Roosbroeck, J; Thomas, J-C; Franchoo, S; Cederkäll, J; Fedosseev, V; Fynbo, H; Georg, U; Jonsson, O; Köster, U; Materna, T; Mathieu, L; Serot, O; Weissman, L; Müller, W F; Mishin, V I; Fedorov, D

    2009-01-01

    A beta-decay study of Cu-77 has been performed at the ISOLDE mass separator with the aim to deduce its beta-decay properties and to obtain spectroscopic information on Zn-77. Neutron-rich copper isotopes were produced by means of proton- or neutron-induced fission reactions on U-238. After the production, Cu-77 was selectively laser ionized, mass separated and sent to different detection systems where beta-gamma and beta-n coincidence data were collected. We report on the deduced half-live, decay scheme, and possible spin assignment of 77Cu.

  18. Nuclear decay studies and weak interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Dessagne, P

    2002-01-01

    The study of beta decay contributes to our knowledge on both the fundamental aspects of the weak interaction and the nuclear structure. Moreover, this process plays an essential role in the definition of the astrophysical scenarios. The extensive work performed on Fermi transitions, double beta decay and first forbidden transitions allows to test predictions of the Standard Model. For nuclear structure, a specific feature of beta decay is the possibility to compare theoretical evaluations with experimental information over a wide range of masses. Nuclear gross properties and detailed nuclear structure information can be obtained in many cases far from stability.

  19. Nuclear decay studies and weak interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of beta decay contributes to our knowledge on both the fundamental aspects of the weak interaction and the nuclear structure. Moreover, this process plays an essential role in the definition of the astrophysical scenarios. The extensive work performed on Fermi transitions, double beta decay and first forbidden transitions allows to test predictions of the Standard Model. For nuclear structure, a specific feature of beta decay is the possibility to compare theoretical evaluations with experimental information over a wide range of masses. Nuclear gross properties and detailed nuclear structure information can be obtained in many cases far from stability

  20. Decay heat studies for nuclear energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algora, A.; Jordan, D.; Taín, J. L.; Rubio, B.; Agramunt, J.; Caballero, L.; Nácher, E.; Perez-Cerdan, A. B.; Molina, F.; Estevez, E.; Valencia, E.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Hunyadi, M. D.; Gulyás, J.; Vitéz, A.; Csatlós, M.; Csige, L.; Eronen, T.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Penttilä, H.; Kolhinen, V. S.; Burkard, K.; Hüller, W.; Batist, L.; Gelletly, W.; Nichols, A. L.; Yoshida, T.; Sonzogni, A. A.; Peräjärvi, K.

    2014-01-01

    The energy associated with the decay of fission products plays an important role in the estimation of the amount of heat released by nuclear fuel in reactors. In this article we present results of the study of the beta decay of some refractory isotopes that were considered important contributors to the decay heat in reactors. The measurements were performed at the IGISOL facility of the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. In these studies we have combined for the first time a Penning trap (JYFLTRAP), which was used as a high resolution isobaric separator, with a total absorption spectrometer. The results of the measurements as well as their consequences for decay heat summation calculations are discussed.

  1. Study of decay processes in quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Certain problems involving the decay of unstable states are examined within the context of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. A model for the radiative decay of an excited atomic state which is similar to the Lee model is used to investigate the deviation of the actual decay law from a pure exponential law where the lifetime of the exponential is given by Fermi's Golden Rule. Both time-dependent and time-independent bounds are placed on the deviation and the dependence of these bounds on the properties of the transition current is examined. Both the case in which the modes of the radiation field are discrete and that in which the modes are continuous are considered. The effect of the presence of a second atom on the decay of an excited state is also studied

  2. Study of the radiative pion decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the radiative pion decay of π+→e+νeγ in the light-front quark model. We also summarize the result in the chiral perturbation theory. The vector and axial-vector hadronic form factors (FV,A) for the π→γ transition are evaluated in the whole allowed momentum transfer. In terms of these momentum dependent form factors, we calculate the decay branching ratio and compare our results with the experimental data and other theoretical predictions in the literature. We also constrain the possible size of the tensor interaction in the light-front quark model.

  3. Breakout from the hot CNO cycle: the {sup 15}O({alpha},{gamma}) and {sup 18}Ne({alpha},p) reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradfield-Smith, W.; Laird, A.M.; Davinson, T.; Pietro, A. di; Ostrowski, A.N.; Shotter, A.C.; Woods, P.J. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Cherubini, S.; Galster, W.; Graulich, J.S.; Leleux, P.; Michel, L.; Ninane, A.; Vervier, J. [Inst. de Physique Nucleaire, UCL, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Aliotta, M.; Cali, D.; Cappussello, F.; Cunsolo, A.; Spitaleri, C. [INFN, Catania (Italy); Gorres, J.; Wiescher, M. [Notre Dame Univ. (United States); Rahighi, J. [Van de Graaf Lab., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hinnefeld, J. [Indiana Univ., South Bend (United States)

    1998-06-01

    One of the most important reactions which determines the rate of breakout from the hot CNO cycle is the {sup 15}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 19}Ne. The reaction {sup 18}Ne({alpha},p){sup 21}Na may also provide an alternative breakout route. Experiments are being undertaken at Louvain-La-Neuve using the radioactive {sup 18}Ne beam to study these reactions by measurement of {alpha}({sup 18}Ne,p){sup 21}Na and d({sup 18}Ne,p){sup 19}Ne{sup *} {yields} {sup 15}O + {alpha} (orig.)

  4. Nuclear decay studies far-from-stability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear decay studies far-from-stability are performed not merely to characterize new isotopes, but to establish an experimental footing for improving our theoretical understanding of nuclear structure and decay. Although progress has been made in explaining low-lying level structure for a broad range of nuclei, transition probabilities are not yet quantitatively understood. The ability to understand nuclei far-from-stability is important to astrophysics for extending r- and s-process calculations to unknown nuclei, and to nuclear engineering for decay-heat calculations. Finally, by studying nuclei far-from-stability, we probe extremes of both decay energy and proton-neutron ratios where unforeseen and important new nuclear properties may be exhibited. The decays of nearly 100 isotopes and isomers have been studied with the OASIS mass-separation facility on-line at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory SuperHILAC. These studies have concentrated on neutron-deficient nuclei with 55≤Z≤71 up to A=157 and neutron-rich nuclei with 166≤A≤174. The results of these experiments are combined in this paper with those from many other laboratories to provide insight into systematic trends of beta- and γ-ray transition probabilities near N=82. It is hoped that the smooth systematic trends in these transition probabilities will provide clues towards interpreting the underlying nuclear structure. Nuclei near N=82 and Z=64 are expected to be spherical and should be described by simple Shell Model considerations. Away from the shell closures, deformation sets in which should exhibit itself in the transition probabilities. The Z=64 shell closure is expected to disappear near N=78. The qualitative nature of these phenomena will be discussed

  5. First direct measurement of resonance strengths in 17O({\\alpha}, {\\gamma})21Ne

    CERN Document Server

    Best, A; Couder, M; deBoer, R; Falahat, S; Kontos, A; LeBlanc, P J; Li, Q; O'Brien, S; Sonnabend, K; Talwar, R; Uberseder, E; Wiescher, M

    2011-01-01

    The reaction 17O({\\alpha},{\\gamma})21Ne has been measured by in-beam gamma spectroscopy for the first time in the energy range E{\\alpha} = 750 keV to 1650 keV using highly enriched anodized Ta2(17O)5 targets. Resonances were found at E({\\alpha}) = 1002 keV, 1386 keV and 1619 keV. Their strengths and primary gamma-ray branchings are given. The new results exclude the low reaction rate of Descouvemont and support the rate of Caughlan and Fowler. Implications for the neutron poisoning efficiency of 16O in the weak s process are discussed.

  6. Radiative Decay of Neutron-Unbound Intruder States in $^{19}$O

    CERN Document Server

    Dungan, R; Tripathi, Vandana; Volya, A; Kravvaris, K; Abromeit, B; Caussyn, D D; Morrow, S; Parker, J J; Tai, P -L; VonMoss, J M

    2015-01-01

    The $^{9}$Be($^{14}$C, $\\alpha$$\\gamma$) reaction at E$_{Lab}$=30 and 35 MeV was used to study excited states of $^{19}$O. The Florida State University (FSU) $\\gamma$ detector array was used to detect $\\gamma$ radiation in coincidence with charged particles detected and identified with a silicon $\\Delta$E-E particle telescope. Gamma decays have been observed for the first time from six states ranging from 368 to 2147 keV above the neutron separation energy (S$_{n}$=3962 keV) in $^{19}$O. The $\\gamma$ decaying states are interspersed among states previously observed to decay by neutron emission. The ability of electromagnetic decay to compete successfully with neutron decay is explained in terms of neutron angular momentum barriers and small spectroscopic factors implying higher spin and complex structure for these intruder states. These results illustrate the need for complementary experimental approaches to best illuminate the complete nuclear structure.

  7. Study of B-> phi phi K Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Y T; Chang, P; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Belous, K S; Bitenc, U; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Brako, M; Browder, T E; Chao, cY; Chen, A; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Dash, M; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Gabyshev, N; Golob, B; Hayasaka, K; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kang, J H; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kim, H J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Krian, P; Krokovny, zP; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kwon, Y J; Lee, J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Moloney, G R; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, H; Park, K S; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Sasao, N; Schneider, O; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Somov, A; Stani, S; Stari, M; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, ccK; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Teramoto, Y; Tsuboyama, T; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, M Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wicht, J; Won, E; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zupanc, A

    2008-01-01

    We report an observation of the decay B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm and evidence for B^0 -> \\phi \\phi K^0. These results are based on a 414 fb^{-1} data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^+e^- collider operating at the \\Upsilon(4S) resonance. The branching fractions for these decay modes are measured to be Br(B^{\\pm} -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) = (3.2^{+0.6}_{-0.5} +- 0.3) * 10^{-6} and Br(B^{0} \\to \\phi \\phi K^{0}) = (2.3^{+1.0}_{-0.7} +- 0.2) * 10^{-6} for \\phi \\phi invariant mass below 2.85 GeV/c^2. The corresponding partial rate asymmetry for the charged B mode is measured to be A_{CP}(B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) = 0.01^{+0.19}_{-0.16} +- 0.02. We also study the decays B^\\pm -> J/\\psi K^\\pm and B^\\pm -> \\eta_c K^\\pm, where the J/\\psi and \\eta_c decay to final states with four charged kaons. We find A_{CP}(B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) with the \\phi\\phi candidates within the \\eta_c mass region is 0.15^{+0.16}_{-0.17} +- 0.02, consistent with no asymmetry.

  8. Nuclear responses for neutrinos and neutrino studies by double beta decays and inverse beta decays

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    H Ejiri

    2001-08-01

    This is a brief report on recent studies of nuclear responses for neutrinos () by charge exchange reactions, masses by double beta () decays and of solar and supernova ’s by inverse decays. Subjects discussed include (1) studies in nuclear micro-laboratories, (2) masses studied by decays of 100Mo and nuclear responses for -, (3) solar and supernova ’s by inverse decays and responses for 71Ga and 100Mo, and (4) MOON (molybdenum observatory of neutrinos) for spectroscopic studies of Majorana masses with sensitivity of ∼ 0.03 eV by decays of 100Mo and real-time studies of low energy solar and supernova ’s by inverse decays of 100Mo.

  9. Weak interaction studies from nuclear beta decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The studies performed at the theoretical nuclear physics division of the Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, Osaka University, are reported. Electron spin density and internal conversion process, nuclear excitation by electron transition, beta decay, weak charged current, and beta-ray angular distributions in oriented nuclei have been studied. The relative intensity of internal conversion electrons for the case in which the radial wave functions of orbital electrons are different for electron spin up and down was calculated. The calculated value was in good agreement with the experimental one. The nuclear excitation following the transition of orbital electrons was studied. The calculated probability of the nuclear excitation of Os189 was 1.4 x 10-7 in conformity with the experimental value 1.7 x 10-7. The second class current and other problems on beta-decay have been extensively studied, and described elsewhere. Concerning weak charged current, the effects of all induced terms, the time component of main axial vector, all partial waves of leptons, Coulomb correction for the electrons in finite size nuclei, and radiative correction were studied. The beta-ray angular distribution for the 1+ -- 0+ transition in oriented B12 and N12 was investigated. In this connection, investigation on the weak magnetism to include all higher order corrections for the evaluation of the spectral shape factors was performed. Other works carried out by the author and his collaborators are also explained. (Kato, T.)

  10. Digital signal processing for radioactive decay studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, D.; Madurga, M.; Paulauskas, S. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Ackermann, D.; Heinz, S.; Hessberger, F. P.; Hofmann, S. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220, Darmstadt (Germany); Grzywacz, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Miernik, K.; Rykaczewski, K. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Tan, H. [XIA LLC, Hayward, CA 94544 (United States)

    2011-11-30

    The use of digital acquisition system has been instrumental in the investigation of proton and alpha emitting nuclei. Recent developments extend the sensitivity and breadth of the application. The digital signal processing capabilities, used predominately by UT/ORNL for decay studies, include digitizers with decreased dead time, increased sampling rates, and new innovative firmware. Digital techniques and these improvements are furthermore applicable to a range of detector systems. Improvements in experimental sensitivity for alpha and beta-delayed neutron emitters measurements as well as the next generation of superheavy experiments are discussed.

  11. Precision neutron flux measurements and applications using the Alpha Gamma device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Eamon

    2016-03-01

    The Alpha Gamma device is a totally-absorbing 10 B neutron detector designed to measure the absolute detection efficiency of a thin-film lithium neutron monitor on a monoenergetic neutron beam. The detector has been shown to measure neutron fluence with an absolute accuracy of 0.06%. This capability has been used to perform the first direct, absolute measurement of the 6Li(n,t) 4He cross section at sub-thermal energy, improve the neutron fluence determination in a past beam neutron lifetime measurement by a factor of five, and is being used to calibrate the neutron monitors for use in the upcoming beam neutron lifetime measurement BL2 (NIST Beam Lifetime 2). The principle of the measurement method will presented and the applications will be discussed. We would like to acknowledge support of this research through the NSF-PHY-1068712 Grant as well as the NIST Precision Measurement Grant program.

  12. Study of 193Os beta- decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, the excited levels of 193Ir populated by the beta- decay of 193Os (T1/2 ∼ 30h) were investigated. For that purpose, ∼ 5 mg samples of 99%-enriched 192Os were irradiated under a thermal neutron flux of ∼ 1012 s-1 and then analysed both using single gamma spectroscopy and a 4-detector multi parametric acquisition facility, which provided data for both a gamma gamma coincidence analysis and a directional angular correlation gamma gamma (θ ) study. From these data, 28 transitions were added to this decay scheme, 11 of which were previously known from nuclear reactions and 17 observed for the first time. Eight excited levels were also added to the decay scheme, 3 of which were known from nuclear reaction studies - the remaining 5 are suggested for the first time. Moreover, it was possible to confirm suspicions found in reference that the levels at 848.93 keV and 849.093 keV are indeed the same; it was also possible to confirm the existence of an excited level at 806.9 keV, which had been inferred, but not experimentally confirmed in beta decay studies to date. The angular correlation analysis allowed for the definition of the spin of the excited level at 874 keV as 5/2+; moreover, the results showed a 79% probability that the spin of the 1078 keV level is 5/2/'-, and also restricted the spin possibilities for the new excited level at 960 keV to two values (1/2 or 3/2). It was also possible to measure the multipolarity mixing ratio (δLn+1/Ln) for 43 transitions - 19 of them for the first time and most of the others with a better precision than previously known. Finally, an attempt was made to understand the low-lying levels structure for this nucleus using a theoretical model, which reproduced the ground state and the two lowest-lying excited levels in 193Ir. (author)

  13. Study of the excited levels of 233{sup P}a by the 237{sup N}p alpha decay; Estudio de los niveles excitados en el 233{sup P}a por la desintegracion alfa del 237{sup N}p

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez, J.; Gaeta, R.; Vano, E.; Los Arcos, J. M.

    1978-07-01

    The excited levels in 233{sup P}a following the 237{sup N}p alpha decay have been studied, by performing different experiences to complete available data and supply new information. Thus, two direct alpha spectrum measurement, one alpha-gamma bidimensional coincidence experiment, three gamma-gamma and gamma-X ray coincidences and some other measurements of the gamma spectrum, direct and coincident with alpha-particles have been made. These last experiences have allowed to obviate usual radiochemical separation methods, the 233{sup P}a radioactive descendent interferences being eliminated by means of the coincidence technic. As a result, a primary decay scheme has been elaborated, including 15 new gamma transitions and two new levels, not observed in the most recent works. (Author) 60 refs.

  14. Double beta decays and fundamental laws studied by ultra rare-decay nuclear spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent works on double beta decays and on fundamental laws, which are studied by means of the ultra rare-decay nuclear spectroscopy, are described. Subjects discussed here include unique features of the nuclear spectroscopic method for studying basic problems of nuclear and particle interactions, neutrinos and weak interactions studied by double-beta and gamma spectroscopy, weakly interacting dark matters studied by nuclear recoil spectroscopy, exotic K X-ray transitions and charge non-conservation, and exotic nuclear transitions associated with nucleon decays. (author)

  15. Study of W P P P decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present work the reaction pγ->pπ+π-π0 is analyzed with the largest statistical data available today for the W meson decay into 3 pions.The data was obtained at theThomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The reaction was modeled with the production of a resonance R (pγ→ pR), followed by a decay into 3 pions (R→ π+π-π0).This decay was modeled with an Isobar, that makes it sequential in pairs (R→Iπ;Iππ). Data selection is completed and work is in progress

  16. A study of some rare self-tagging B decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To observe a manifest violation of CP symmetry in the B system requires observing a difference in total or differential rate between decays of B's and bar B's. The necessity of knowing the initial-state flavor requires, for non-flavor specific decays such as ψKs, identifying the b-flavored meson or baryon which was produced in association with the B of interest. Such open-quote opposite-side close-quote tagging has been extensively studied and usually results in a significant loss in acceptance. An alternative method is to study decay channels which by virtue of charge, strangeness or other additive quantum numbers unambiguously identifies the b or bar b nature of the decaying B. For example, observing a final state of D0K- indicates B- decay, while bar D0K+ indicates B+ decay. Thus to observe CP violation in an experiment producing equal numbers of B+'s and B-'s, one compares the number of observed D0K- decays to the number of observed bar D0K+ decays. A difference in yields indicates a difference in decay rates. The author provides a partial list of self-tagging decay modes of current theoretical interest, along with the branching ratio and CP asymmetry expected from Standard Model physics

  17. Study of Hadronic Five-Body Decays of Charmed Mesons

    OpenAIRE

    Wahl, M; Collaboration, for the FOCUS

    2002-01-01

    We study the decay of D+ and Ds+ mesons into charged five body final states, and report the discovery of the decay mode D+ -> K+K-Pi+Pi+Pi-, as well as measurements of the decay modes D+ -> K-Pi+Pi+Pi+Pi-, Ds+ -> K+K-Pi+Pi+Pi-, Ds+ -> PhiPi+Pi+Pi- and D+/Ds+ -> Pi+Pi+Pi+Pi-Pi-. An analysis of the resonant substructure is also included, with evidence suggesting that both decays proceed primarily through an a1 vector resonance.

  18. Study of 228Ac decay scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calibration in energy and efficiency of the system used. Obtainement of singles gamma ray spectra of low and high energy. Reduction of the data obtained in the spectrometer by means of computer: localization and determination of the areas of the peaks, also the analysis of the shape of the peaks for identification of doublets. Checking of the decay scheme

  19. Study of inclusive semileptonic B meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS-II, we have measured the inclusive semileptonic decays of B-mesons into electrons and muons. The data originate from 220.5 events/pb on the Υ(4S) resonance. We find BR(B→e+veX)=(10.3±0.6±0.2)% and BR(B→μ+vμX)=(10.0±0.6±0.2)% using the model of Altarelli et al. for extrapolating over all lepton momenta, and BR(B→e+vceX)=(9.9±0.6)%, BR(B→μ+vμX)=(9.7±0.6)% using the model of Grinstein et al. For semileptonic decays into baryons, we obtain an upper limit of BR(B→anti pe+vX)<0.16%(90%CL). (orig.)

  20. Studies of multibody charmless B decays at LHCb

    CERN Document Server

    McCarthy, James

    2013-01-01

    Recent results from studies of charmless $B$ meson decays with the LHCb detector are presented. $CP$ asymmetries in $B^{\\pm} \\to K^{\\pm}h^{+}h^{-}$ decays have been measured and the first observation of $CP$ asymmetry in inclusive three body charmless $B$ meson decays is found in the $B^{\\pm} \\to p\\bar{p}h^{\\pm}$ decays have been measured, and we make the first observation of the $B^+ \\to \\bar{\\Delta} (1520)p$ decay. Branching fractions of $B^0_{(s)} \\to K^0_s h^{\\pm}h^{\\mp}$´ decays have been studied, including the first observation of the $B^0_s \\to K^0_sK^+K^-$ is observed and so a limit on this branching fraction is measured. Finally, the first preliminary results of the search for the $\\Delta^0_b \\to \\Delta\\eta$´ decay are presented. No significant signal is observed for this decay, and an upper limit is placed on the branching fraction.

  1. Studies of Excited $D$ mesons in $B$ meson decays

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2082679

    This thesis documents the studies of several three-body B + meson decays, each with a charged charmed meson in the final state. All analyses presented use a data sample recorded by the LHCb detector in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data. The $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ and $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decay modes are observed for the first time. The branching fraction of the favoured $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay mode is measured relative to the topologically similar $B^{+} \\to D^{-}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay and the $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ final state is used as a normalisation channel for the suppressed $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decay branching fraction measurement. Searches are performed for the quasi-two-body decays $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{*}(892)^{0}$ and $B^{+} \\to D_{2}^{*}(2460)^{0}K^{+}$, using the sample of $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ candidate decays. No significant signals are observed for either decay mode and upper limits a...

  2. Study of 189Bim α decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a series of 48Ti bombardments of 144Sm the decay energy of the 189Bim (πs1/2) α transition that proceeds to the πs1/2 ground state of 185Tl was measured to be 7.30(4) MeV. This result establishes the excitation energy of 189Bim as 190(40) keV rather than the adopted 92(10)-keV value. Our data thus indicate a leveling off in excitation energy at N ∼ 106 for the s1/2 intruder state in odd-A Bi isotopes

  3. Studies of phi meson radiative decays with KLOE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A sample of 5.3 x 107phi mesons, produced at the Frascati phi-factory DAPHINE, has been used by the KLOE Collaboration to study the phi radiative decays. The decays phi → ηπ0γ and phi → πoπoγ have been exploited to study the scalar mesons ao(980) and fo(980). Furthermore a new determination of the η - η' mixing angle has been obtained from the measurement of the ratio of the decay rates of phi → η'γ to phi → ηγ to phi → ηγ

  4. Study of rare alpha decays with scintillating bolometers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardani, L., E-mail: laura.cardani@roma1.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza University of Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2013-08-01

    Rare α decays can be studied with an unprecedented sensitivity by means of scintillating bolometers, as these detectors can provide a large source mass as well as an excellent resolution and can disentangle the nature of the interacting particle thanks to the different light yield. As an example of the results that can be obtained with this technique, I report the conclusive test on the identification of {sup 209}Bi decay and the measurement of the half-life of this isotope. In addition, I present a measurement with a PbWO{sub 4} scintillating bolometer, in which the lead isotopes decays were studied.

  5. Studying radiative B decays with the Atlas detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of radiative B decays with the ATLAS detector at the LHC (large hadron collider). Radiative decays belong to the rare decays family. Rare decays transitions involve flavor changing neutral currents (for example b → sγ), which are forbidden at the lowest order in the Standard Model. Therefore these processes occur only at the next order, thus involving penguin or box diagrams, which are very sensitive to 'new physics' contributions. The main goal of our study is to show that it would be possible to develop an online selection strategy for radiative B decays with the ATLAS detector. To this end, we have studied the treatment of low energy photons by the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter (ECal). Our analysis shows that ATLAS ECal will be efficient with these particles. This property is extensively used in the next section, where a selection strategy for radiative B decays is proposed. Indeed, we look for a low energy region of interest in the ECal as soon as the level 1 of the trigger. Then, photon identification cuts are performed in this region at level 2. However, a large part of the proposed selection scheme is also based on the inner detector, particularly at level 2. The final results show that large amounts of signal events could be collected in only one year by ATLAS. A preliminary significance (S/√B) estimation is also presented. Encouraging results concerning the observability of exclusive radiative B decays are obtained. (author)

  6. Frequency effects on the electron density and {alpha}-{gamma} mode transition in atmospheric radio frequency discharges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Yuantao [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge Physics, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province 250061 (China); Cui Shaoyan [School of Mathematics and Information, Ludong University, Yantai, Shandong Province 264025 (China)

    2011-08-15

    In this paper, a one-dimensional model is explored to investigate the frequency effects on the characteristics of atmospheric radio frequency discharges at a given power. The simulation data and analytical results show that the improvement of electron density can be observed with better discharge stability by increasing excitation frequency in an appropriate range. Using the analytical equations deduced from the model, the mean electron density could be inferred by means of the measured parameters. The {alpha}-{gamma} mode transition especially in high frequency discharges is also analytically discussed based on the theoretical equations.

  7. Shell closure effects studied via cluster decay in heavy nuclei

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Sushil; Ramna; Kumar, Rajesh

    2011-01-01

    The effects of shell closure in nuclei via the cluster decay is studied. In this context, we have made use of the Preformed Cluster Model ($PCM$) of Gupta and collaborators based on the Quantum Mechanical Fragmentation Theory. The key point in the cluster radioactivity is that it involves the interplay of close shell effects of parent and daughter. Small half life for a parent indicates shell stabilized daughter and long half life indicates the stability of the parent against the decay. In th...

  8. Study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{20}$Mg

    CERN Multimedia

    Cederkall, J A; Riisager, K; Garcia borge, M J; Madurga flores, M; Jonson, B N G; Fynbo, H O U; Koldste, G T; Giles, T J; Nilsson, T; Perea martinez, A

    We propose to perform a detailed study of the $\\beta$-decay of the dripline nucleus $^{20}$Mg. This will provide important information on resonances in $^{20}$Na relevant for the astrophysical rp-process as well as improved information for detailed comparison with state-of-the-art Shell-Model calculations and for comparison with the mirror $\\beta$-decay of $^{20}$O.

  9. Precision study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{74}$Rb

    CERN Multimedia

    Van Duppen, P L E; Lunney, D

    2002-01-01

    We are proposing a high-resolution study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{74}$Rb in order to extrapolate our precision knowledge of the superallowed $\\beta$-decays from the sd and fp shells towards the medium-heavy Z=N nuclei. The primary goal is to provide new data for testing the CVC hypothesis and the unitarity condition of the CKM matrix of the Standard Model. The presented programme would involve the careful measurements of the decay properties of $^{74}$Rb including the branching ratios to the excited states as well as the precise determination of the decay energy of $^{74}$Rb. The experimental methods readily available at ISOLDE include high-transmission conversion electron spectroscopy, $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy as well as the measurements of the masses of $^{74}$Rb and $^{74}$Kr using two complementary techniques, ISOLTRAP and MISTRAL. The experiment would rely on a high-quality $^{74}$Rb beam available at ISOLDE with adequate intensity.

  10. Discussion on importance of e+e- pair emission in the 12C(alpha, gamma)16O capture reaction below 1.9 MeV energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cross section of the direct E0 pair emission has meaningful contribution to the total cross section of the 12C(alpha, gamma)16O reaction at low energy <= 1.9 MeV . E0 resonance emission and internal pair conversion have significant effect to the total cross section of the 12C(alpha, gamma)16O reaction. In this paper e+e- paired emission has been focused on taking into account the angular correlation. E0 contribution is also significant in a presence of E1 and E2 transition, therefore e+e- pair emission may not be neglected and has a significant effect on the total cross section in the case of the 12C(alpha, gamma)16O reaction.

  11. Study of the D0 ---> pi- pi+ pi- pi+ decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /CINVESTAV, IPN /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U.

    2007-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, they present new measurements for the Cabbibo-suppressed decay mode D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. They measure the branching ratio {Lambda}(D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})/{Lambda}(D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) = 0.0914 {+-} 0.0018 {+-} 0.0022. An amplitude analysis has been performed, a first for this channel, in order to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. The dominant component is the decay D{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}(1260){sup +}{pi}{sup -}, accounting for 60% of the decay rate. The second most dominant contribution comes from the decay D{sup 0} {yields} {rho}(770){sup 0}{rho}(770){sup 0}, with a fraction of 25%. They also study the a{sub 1}(1260) line shape and resonant substructure. Using the helicity formalism for the angular distribution of the decay D{sup 0} {yields} {rho}(770){sup 0}{rho}(770){sup 0}, they measure a longitudinal polarization of P{sub L} = (71 {+-} 4 {+-} 2)%.

  12. Spin and temperature dependence of nuclear deformation using alpha-gamma angular correlations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alpha-particle angular distributions with respect to the spin direction of residual nuclei have been measured in heavy-ion fusion reactions. The spin direction was determined by measuring the γ-ray angular distributions, for each event, using the spin spectrometer. α-particle anisotropies have been extracted for the compound nuclear systems: 110Sn*(94 MeV), 114Sn*(80 MeV), 138Nd*(82 MeV), 164Yb*(67 MeV) and 170Yb*(135 MeV) as a function of the α-particle energy and γ-ray multiplicity. The results are compared with statistical model calculations using transmission coefficients from a spherically symmetric optical model potential. The trend of the anisotropy coefficients below the evaporation Coulomb barrier is consistent with spherical emitting shapes in the case of the Sn* isotopes. Small deformation effects are suggested by the 138Nd* and 164Yb* data. The 170Yb* data indicate a large deformation which increases considerably with increasing spin. These results are in agreement with findings for similar systems in which the decay of the giant resonances built on excited states have been studied. 16 refs., 5 figs

  13. Systematic study of double beta decay to excited final states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A systematic study of two-neutrino double beta (2νββ) decay to the final ground state and excited states is performed within a microscopic quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) model. The excited states are assumed to have the structure of one or two QRPA phonons. This study of the 2νββ decay rates is complemented with the study of single-beta-decay feeding of the relevant nuclei taking part in the double beta process. The Woods-Saxon single-particle energies have been corrected near the Fermi surface by comparing the BCS quasi-particle energies with spectroscopic data of the relevant odd-mass nuclei. Pairing gaps, energy systematics of the Gamow-Teller-States and the available beta-decay data have been used to obtain effective, model-space adapted, two-body matrix elements starting from the G-matrix elements of the Bonn one-boson-exchange potential. This enables a parameter-free calculation of the double Gamow-Teller matrix elements and theoretical prediction of double-beta half lives. The harmonic two-phonon approximation has been used in the beta-decay analysis and the subsequent 2νββ calculations. (authors)

  14. Study of Higgs Production in Fermionic Decay Channels at CMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohr Niklas

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In these proceedings to the LHCP conference 2013 results are presented on the study of the Higgs like particle at a mass of 125 GeV decaying into final states consisting of either τ+τ−, or a bb¯$bar b$ quark pair, based on the full statistics of about 24 fb−1, collected in 2011 and 2012 at 7 and 8 TeV respectively with the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Leptonic and hadronic decay channels for the τ-lepton are included in the search. Different production channels namely gluon fusion, vector boson fusion (VBF and associated production with W/Z bosons have been studied τ+τ− final states. The bb¯$bar b$ decay channel is studied in VBF as well as in associated production with W/Z and top quarks.

  15. Spectroscopy of $^{19}$Ne for the thermonuclear $^{15}$O($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{19}$Ne and $^{18}$F($p,\\alpha$)$^{15}$O reaction rates

    CERN Document Server

    Parikh, A; de Séréville, N; Wimmer, K; Faestermann, T; Hertenberger, R; Seiler, D; Wirth, H -F; Adsley, P; Fulton, B R; Hammache, F; Kiener, J; Stefan, I

    2015-01-01

    Uncertainties in the thermonuclear rates of the $^{15}$O($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{19}$Ne and $^{18}$F($p,\\alpha$)$^{15}$O reactions affect model predictions of light curves from type I X-ray bursts and the amount of the observable radioisotope $^{18}$F produced in classical novae, respectively. To address these uncertainties, we have studied the nuclear structure of $^{19}$Ne over $E_{x} = 4.0 - 5.1$ MeV and $6.1 - 7.3$ MeV using the $^{19}$F($^{3}$He,t)$^{19}$Ne reaction. We find the $J^{\\pi}$ values of the 4.14 and 4.20 MeV levels to be consistent with $9/2^{-}$ and $7/2^{-}$ respectively, in contrast to previous assumptions. We confirm the recently observed triplet of states around 6.4 MeV, and find evidence that the state at 6.29 MeV, just below the proton threshold, is either broad or a doublet. Our data also suggest that predicted but yet unobserved levels may exist near the 6.86 MeV state. Higher resolution experiments are urgently needed to further clarify the structure of $^{19}$Ne around the proton thresh...

  16. Study of the ${\\beta}$-decay of $^{12}$B

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    We propose to study the ${\\beta}$-decay of $^{12}$B with a modern segmented Si-detector array to get new and much improved information on states in $^{12}$C above the ${\\alpha}$-threshold. These states mainly decay into final states of three ${\\alpha}$-particles and their study therefore is a challenge for nuclear spectroscopy. The properties of these states is of high current interest for nuclear astrophysics and for the nuclear many-body problem in general. We ask for a total of 15 shifts.

  17. Studies of phi meson radiative decays with KLOE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aloisio, A.; Ambrosino, F.; Antonelli, A.; Antonelli, M.; Bacci, C.; Bencivenni, G.; Bertolucci, S.; Bini, C.; Bloise, C.; Bocci, V.; Bossi, F.; Branchini, P.; Bulychjov, S.A.; Caloi, R.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Carboni, G.; Casarsa, M.; Casavola, V.; Cataldi, G.; Ceradini, F.; Cervelli, F.; Cevenini, F.; Chiefari, G.; Ciambrone, P.; Conetti, S.; De Lucia, E.; De Robertis, G.; De Simone, P.; De Zorzi, G.; Dell' Agnello, S.; Denig, A.; Di Domenico, A.; Di Donato, C.; Di Falco, S.; Doria, A.; Dreucci, M.; Erriquez, O.; Farilla, A.; Felici, G.; Ferrari, A.; Ferrer, M.L.; Finocchiaro, G.; Forti, C.; Franceschi, A.; Franzini, P.; Gatt, C.; Gauzzi, P.; Giovannella, S.; Gorini, E.; Grancagnolo, F.; Graziani, E.; Han, S.W.; Incagli, M.; Ingrosso, L.; Kluge, W.; Kuo, C.; Kulikov, V.; Lacava, F.; Lanfranchi, G.; Lee-Franzini, J.; Leone, D.; Lu, F.; Martemianov, M.; Matsyuk, M.; Mei, W.; Merola, L.; Messi, R.; Miscetti, S.; Moulson, M.; Mueller, S.; Murtas, F.; Napolitano, M.; Nedosekin, A.; Nguyen, F.; Palutan, M.; Pasqualucci, E.; Passalacqua, L.; Passeri, A.; Patera, V.; Petrolo, E.; Pontecorvo, L.; Primavera, M.; Ruggieri, F.; Santangelo, P.; Santovetti, E.; Saracino, G.; Schamberger, R.D.; Sciascia, B.; Sciubba, A.; Scuri, F.; Sfiligoi, I.; Spadaro, T.; Spiriti, E.; Tong, G.L.; Tortora, L.; Valente, E.; Valente, P.; Valeriani, B.; Vernanzoni, G.; Veneziano, S.; Ventura, A.; Xu, G.; Yu, G.W

    2003-04-01

    A sample of 5.3 x 10{sup 7}phi mesons, produced at the Frascati phi-factory DAPHINE, has been used by the KLOE Collaboration to study the phi radiative decays. The decays phi {yields} {eta}{pi}{sup 0}{gamma} and phi {yields} {pi}{sup o}{pi}{sup o}{gamma} have been exploited to study the scalar mesons a{sub o}(980) and f{sub o}(980). Furthermore a new determination of the {eta} - {eta}' mixing angle has been obtained from the measurement of the ratio of the decay rates of phi {yields} {eta}'{gamma} to phi {yields} {eta}{gamma} to phi {yields} {eta}{gamma}.

  18. Studies on the parametric decay of waves in fusion plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parametric instabilities of large-amplitude electromagnetic waves are investigated in fusion applications. In laser fusion, the electromegnetic wave reflected from the overdense plasma can act as a secondary pump wave and exite parametric instabilities. In double simulated Brilloun scattering (DSBS), both the incoming and the reflected pump wave scatter from a common ion sound wave. The stationary states and the dynamics of DSBS are investigated by using a simple envelope model. The ion sound wave that is exited in DSBS is shown to have soliton-like properties. The simulated Raman scattering (SRS) of free-electron-laser radiation can be applied to current drive in tokamaks. SRS generates fast longitudinal electron plasma waves which accelerate electrons to relativistic energies. Since the energetic current-carrying electrons are almost collisionless, the current decays very slowly. The feasibility of the Raman current drive in tokamaks is investigated theoretically. The current drive efficiency and the optimum free-electron-laser parameters are determined. The energy transfer to the fast electrons from the electrostatic wave is studied with relativistic Vlasov-Maxwell simulations. The parametric decay of a wave to half-harmonics is investigated. It is shown that the growth rate of the decay vanishes in the limit of a long wavelenght of the pump wave even for general electromagnetic or electrostatic decay models. The results are applied to the decay of a fast magnetosonic waves in tokamak plasmas. (orig.)

  19. Precision Study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{62}$Ga

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    It is proposed to perform a precision study of the $\\beta$-decay of $\\,^{62}$Ga taking advantage of recent developments of the ISOLDE Laser Ion Source. The goal is to eventually extend the high-precision knowledge of superallowed $\\beta$-decays beyond the nine decays that presently are used for extracting the V$_{ud}$ quark mixing matrix element of the CKM matrix. The scientific motivations are the current deviation of more than 2$\\sigma$ of the unitary condition of this matrix, which could be an indication of non-standard-model physics, and a test of the theoretical corrections applied to the experimental data. The experiment will utilise the Total Absorption $\\gamma$-ray (TAG) spectrometer in order to determine weak branchings to excited states in $^{62}$Zn and the ISOLDE spectroscopy station to perform half-life measurements and detailed spectroscopy of this nucleus.

  20. Study of structures and dynamical decay mechanisms for multiquark systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuewen; Ke, Hong-Wei; Liu, Xiang; Li, Xue-Qian

    2016-04-01

    The inner structures of the multiquark states are an interesting subject in hadron physics, generally they may be in tetraquark states which are composed of colored constituents, or in molecular states which are composed of two color singlets, or their mixtures. Therefore, the mechanisms which bind the constituents in a unique system and induce the multiquark states to decay would be different in those cases. In this work, using the quantum mechanics we analyze the dynamical mechanisms inducing decays of the tetraquarks where Y (4630 ) stands as an example for the study, we also comment on the molecular states without making numerical computations.

  1. Experimental study on neutrinoless double beta decay of 92Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experiment for the detection of 0νβ+/EC in 92Mo nuclei has been carried out with a newly developed scintillating crystal, CaMoO4, surrounded by CsI(Tl) crystals. We study the background events inside the event selection window for 0νβ+/EC decays of CaMoO4 detector. The 92Mo 0νβ+/EC decay half-life limit was set to 2.3x1020 years with a 90% confidence level. A perspective on the current experiment is discussed.

  2. Study of the decay B0bar -> D* omega pi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2006-04-24

    We report on a study of the decay {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +}{omega}{pi}{sup -} with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Based on a sample of 232 million B{bar B} decays, we measure the branching fraction {Beta}({bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +}{omega}{pi}{sup -}) = (2.88 {+-} 0.21(stat.) {+-} 0.31(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}. We study the invariant mass spectrum of the {omega}{pi}{sup -} system in this decay. This spectrum is in good agreement with expectations based on factorization and the measured spectrum in {tau}{sup -} {yields} {omega}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}}. We also measure the polarization of the D*{sup +} as a function of the {omega}{pi}{sup -} mass. In the mass region 1.1 to 1.9 GeV we measure the fraction of longitudinal polarization of the D*{sup +} to be {Lambda}{sub L}/{Lambda} = 0.654 {+-} 0.042(stat.) {+-} 0.016(syst.). This is in agreement with the expectations from heavy-quark effective theory and factorization assuming that the decay proceeds as {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +}{rho}(1450), {rho}(1450) {yields} {omega}{pi}{sup -}.

  3. Total absorption study of beta decays relevant for nuclear applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this contribution we will present an overview of recent studies of the beta decay of nuclei relevant for the calculation of the decay heat in nuclear reactors as a continuation of the work presented in (1). The measurements are performed using the best available technique to detect the beta feeding probability, the total absorption technique (TAS). In our studies we have combined the TAS technique with the use of a Penning Trap (JYFLTRAP, Univ. of Jyvaeskylae) as a high-resolution isobaric separator in order to guarantee high purity of the sources. A brief summary of the latest results of the measurements using a new segmented total absorption spectrometer, the faced challenges depending of the particular nuclei as well as new developments of the techniques of analysis will be discussed. The impact of the measurements on summation calculations of the decay heat in reactors, and in possible non-proliferation applications will be addressed. Future plans and the development of a new modular TAS detector (DTAS) for the DEcay SPECtroscopy (DESPCE) experiment at FAIR will also presented. (author)

  4. Study of the decay B0bar -> D*+ omega pi-

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S Y; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Potter, C T; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Re, D; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    We report on a study of the decay B0bar -> D*+ omega pi- with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Based on a sample of 232 million BBbar decays, we measure the branching fraction BF(B0bar -> D*+ omega pi-) = (2.88 +/- 0.21(stat.) +/- 0.31(syst.)) \\times 10^{-3}. We study the invariant mass spectrum of the omega pi- system in this decay. This spectrum is in good agreement with expectations based on factorization and the measured spectrum in tau- -> omega pi- nu_tau. We also measure the polarization of the D*+ as a function of the omega pi- mass. In the mass region 1.1 to 1.9 GeV we measure the fraction of longitudinal polarization of the D*+ to be Gamma_L/Gamma = 0.654 +/- 0.042(stat.) +/- 0.016(syst.). This is in agreement with the expectations from heavy-quark effective theory and factorization assuming that the decay proceeds as B0bar -> D*+ rho(1450), rho(1450) -> omega pi-.

  5. α-decay half-lives study of superheavy nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Now a days, the synthesis of superheavy nuclei (SHN) has become an outstanding research topic in nuclear physics. Since the predictions of the existence of superheavy island in 1960s. In recent years, much experimental progress has been made in synthesizing SHN with atomic number Z=114-118 by hot fusion reactions. α-decay is the most powerful tool in studying exotic nuclei in the superheavy region as it can provide some reliable knowledge on the nuclear structure and is used to identify new isotopes when an unknown parent nucleus decays to a known daughter nucleus. In this paper, we calculate the α-decay half-lives of some SHN by considering the unstable parent nucleus as a quantum two-body system of the ejected α particle and the daughter nucleus exhibiting resonance scattering phenomena under the combined effect of nuclear, coulomb and centrifugal forces. Finally, predictions within the same frame work are given for the α-decay half-lives of nuclei having Z=120-126 are made for future experiments

  6. Calorimetric study of glass structure modification induced by α decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    R7T7-type glass samples doped with different concentrations of 244Cm and stored for different time periods to produce different levels of accumulated radiation damage were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry to better understand the structural evolution of R7T7 nuclear glass due to the accumulation of α radiation damage. The stored energy and fictive temperature were observed to increase as a function of the α decay dose. The stored energy saturates at about 1018 α decays.g-1, whereas the fictive temperature continues to increase and saturates at about 6-7 * 1018 α decays.g-1. This discrepancy was interpreted in terms of different effects of energy lost during α decay on the glass structure due to electronic stopping and nuclear stopping. This study demonstrates that the stored energy is affected by both phenomena, whereas the fictive temperature variation depends mainly on elastic collisions. The increase of fictive temperature with the cumulative α dose is direct evidence that the energy lost by recoil nuclei induces the formation of a new structure similar to a fast-quenched glass. (authors)

  7. Structure of charmed baryons studied by pionic decays

    CERN Document Server

    Nagahiro, Hideko; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oka, Makoto; Noumi, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the decays of the charmed baryons aiming at the systematic understanding of hadron internal structures based on the quark model by paying attention to heavy quark symmetry. We evaluate the decay widths from the one pion emission for the known excited states, \\Lambda_c^*(2595), \\Lambda_c^*(2625), \\Lambda_c^*(2765), \\Lambda_c^*(2880) and \\Lambda_c^*(2940), as well as for the ground states \\Sigma_c(2455) and \\Sigma_c^*(2520). The decay properties of the lower excited charmed baryons are well explained, and several important predictions for higher excited baryons are given. We find that the axial-vector type coupling of the pion to the light quarks is essential, which is expected from chiral symmetry, to reproduce the decay widths especially of the low lying \\Lambda_c^* baryons. We emphasize the importance of the branching ratios of \\Gamma(\\Sigma_c^*\\pi)/\\Gamma(\\Sigma_c\\pi) for the study of the nature of higher excited \\Lambda_c^* baryons.

  8. Study of B Meson Decays to ppbarh Final States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hryn' ova, Tetiana B.; /SLAC

    2006-03-22

    B mesons are unique among well-established non-quarkonium mesons in their ability to decay into baryons. Baryonic B decays offer a wide range of interesting areas of study: they can be used to test our theoretical understanding of rare decay processes involving baryons, search for direct CP violation and study low-energy QCD. This thesis presents measurements of branching fractions and a study of the decay dynamics of the charmless three-body decays of B meson into p{bar p}h final states, where h = {pi}{sup +}, K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}. With a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BaBar detector, we report the first observation of the B {yields} p{bar p}K*{sup 0} decay, and provide improved measurements of branching fractions of the other modes. The distribution of the three final-state particles is of particular interest since it provides dynamical information on the possible presence of exotic intermediate states such as the hypothetical pentaquark states {Theta}*{sup ++} and {Theta}{sup +}in the m{sub pK{sup +}} and m{sub pK{sub S}{sup 0}} spectra, respectively, or glueball states (such as the tensor glueball f{sub J}(2220)) in the m{sub p{bar p}} spectrum. No evidence for exotic states is found and upper limits on the branching fractions are set. An enhancement at low p{bar p} mass is observed in all the B {yields} p{bar p}h modes, and its shape is compared between the decay modes and with the shape of the time-like proton form factor. A Dalitz plot asymmetry in B {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +} mode suggests dominance of the penguin amplitude in this decay and disfavors the possibility that the low mass p{bar p} enhancement originates from the presence of a resonance below threshold (such as the recently seen baryonium candidate at 1835 MeV/c{sup 2}). We also identify decays of the type B {yields} X{sub c{bar c}}h {yields} p{bar p}h, where h = K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}, and X

  9. Collective Effect Studies of a Beta Beam Decay Ring

    CERN Document Server

    Hansen, Christian

    2011-01-01

    The Beta Beam, the concept of generating a pure and intense (anti) neutrino beam by letting accelerated radioactive ions beta decay in a storage ring called the Decay Ring (DR), is the basis of one of the proposed next generation neutrino oscillation facilities, necessary for a complete study of the neutrino oscillation parameter space. Sensitivities of the unknown neutrino oscillation parameters depend on the DR's ion intensity and of its duty factor (the filled ratio of the ring). Different methods, including analytical calculations and multiparticle tracking simulations, were used to estimate the DR's potential to contain enough ions in as small a part of the ring as needed for the sensitivities. Studies of transverse blow up of the beams due to resonance wake fields show that a very challenging upper limit of the transverse broadband impedance is required to avoid instabilities and beam loss.

  10. Collective Effect Studies of a Beta Beam Decay Ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Beta Beam, the concept of generating a pure and intense (anti) neutrino beam by letting accelerated radioactive ions beta decay in a storage ring called the Decay Ring (DR), is the basis of one of the proposed next generation neutrino oscillation facilities, necessary for a complete study of the neutrino oscillation parameter space. Sensitivities of the unknown neutrino oscillation parameters depend on the DR's ion intensity and of its duty factor (the filled ratio of the ring). Different methods, including analytical calculations and multiparticle tracking simulations, were used to estimate the DR's potential to contain enough ions in as small a part of the ring as needed for the sensitivities. Studies of transverse blow up of the beams due to resonance wake fields show that a very challenging upper limit of the transverse broadband impedance is required to avoid instabilities and beam loss.

  11. Decay studies of neutron deficient rare earth isotopes with OASIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilat, J.; Nitschke, J.M.; Wilmarth, P.A.; Vierinen, K.; Firestone, R.B.

    1987-09-01

    We report results on the decay of /sup 124/Pr, /sup 124,125/Ce, /sup 124,125/La, /sup 134-136/Eu, /sup 134-136/Sm, /sup 134-136/Pm, /sup 144/Ho, /sup 141,142,144/Dy, /sup 140,141,142,144/Tb, /sup 140-142/Gd, and /sup 140-142/Eu, produced by /sup 92/Mo(H.I.,xpyn) reactions at the Berkeley SuperHILAC, and studied with the OASIS on-line mass separator facility. Half-lives, delayed proton branching ratios, ..gamma..-ray energies and intensities, partial decay schemes and several J/sup ..pi../ assignments are presented. Level systematics of the even mass Nd and Sm isotopes and of the nu h/sub 11/2/ - nu s/sub 1/2/ isomers for N = 77 are discussed.

  12. Study on the 151Gd → 151Eu decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By means of semiconductor detectors and a coincidence spectrometer on the base of iron-free magnetic beta-spectrometer of ''Organe'' type and a Ge(Li)-detector spectra of gamma-rays, of internal conversion electrons and of esub(γ)-coincidences at the 151Gd decay are studied. A monoisotopic 151Gd spesimen is used. Three new transitions with 109.74; 195.18 and 284.72 keV energies have been discovered. For the first time with a high accuracy internal conversion coefficients have been measured for four electromagnetic transitions. On the basis of analysing an assembly of experimental data a scheme of 151Gd → 151Eu decay is constructed. A new level 216.66 keV is introduced, and previously introduced 260.5; 307.5; 349.8; 358.6 and 416.3 keV levels are confirmed. Physical analysis of obtained results is performed

  13. Decay studies of neutron deficient rare earth isotopes with OASIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report results on the decay of 124Pr, /sup 124,125/Ce, /sup 124,125/La, /sup 134-136/Eu, /sup 134-136/Sm, /sup 134-136/Pm, 144Ho, /sup 141,142,144/Dy, /sup 140,141,142,144/Tb, /sup 140-142/Gd, and /sup 140-142/Eu, produced by 92Mo(H.I.,xpyn) reactions at the Berkeley SuperHILAC, and studied with the OASIS on-line mass separator facility. Half-lives, delayed proton branching ratios, γ-ray energies and intensities, partial decay schemes and several J/sup π/ assignments are presented. Level systematics of the even mass Nd and Sm isotopes and of the nu h/sub 11/2/ - nu s/sub 1/2/ isomers for N = 77 are discussed

  14. Studies of the Decay B+- -> D_CP K+-

    OpenAIRE

    al, K. Abe et

    2002-01-01

    We report studies of the decay B+- -> D_CP K+-, where D_CP denotes neutral D mesons that decay to CP eigenstates. The analysis is based on a 29.1/fb data sample of collected at the \\Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e+ e- storage ring. Ratios of branching fractions of Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored processes involving D_CP are determined to be B(B- -> D_1 K-)/B(B- -> D_1 pi-)=0.125 +- 0.036 +- 0.010 and B(B- -> D_2 K-)/B(B- -> D_2 pi-)=0.119 +- 0.028 ...

  15. Cross Sections for proton induced high energy $\\gamma$-ray emission (PIGE) in reaction $^{19}$F(p,$\\alpha\\gamma$)$^{16}$O at incident proton energies between 1.5 and 4 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Cabanelas, P; Fonseca, M; Galaviz, D; Henriques, A; Jesus, A P; Luís, H; Sánchez-Benítez, A; Santos, C; Silva, H; Teubig, P; Velho, P

    2016-01-01

    We have studied the high energy gamma-rays produced in the reaction $^{19}$F(p,$\\alpha\\gamma$)$^{16}$O for incident proton energies from 1.5 to 4.0 MeV over NaF/Ag and CaF$_2$/Ag thin targets in two different sets of data. Gamma-rays were detected with a High Purity Ge detector with an angle of 130$^{o}$ with respect to the beam axis. The cross-sections for the high energy gamma-rays of 6.129, 6.915 and 7.115 MeV have been measured for the whole group between 5 and 7.2 MeV with accuracy better than 10%. A new energy range was covered and more points are included in the cross-sections data base. Results are in agreement with previous measurements in similar conditions.

  16. Order (alpha^2 Gamma, alpha^3 Gamma) Binding Effects in Orthopositronium Decay

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, Richard J.; Lepage, G. Peter

    2000-01-01

    We present a new, simplified analysis of the low-energy electron-positron interaction, and use the resulting effective theory to calculate the binding effects that contribute to the decay rate, Gamma, of orthopositronium, through Order(alpha^3 ln(alpha) Gamma). We express the total decay rate in terms of the annihilation rate for a free electron and positron at threshold, which has just recently been computed to sufficient precision. Our result corrects errors in a previous analysis.

  17. The β-decay Paul trap: A radiofrequency-quadrupole ion trap for precision β-decay studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The β-decay Paul trap is a linear radiofrequency-quadrupole ion trap that has been developed for precision β-decay studies. The design of the trap electrodes allows a variety of radiation detectors to surround the cloud of trapped ions. The momentum of the low-energy recoiling daughter nuclei following β decay is negligibly perturbed by scattering and is available for study. This advantageous property of traps allows the kinematics of particles that are difficult or even impossible to directly detect to be precisely reconstructed using conservation of energy and momentum. An ion-trap system offers several advantages over atom traps, such as higher trapping efficiencies and element-independent capabilities. The first precision experiment using this system is a measurement of β-decay angular correlations in the decay of 8Li performed by inferring the momentum of the neutrino from the kinematic shifts imparted to the breakup α particles. Many other β-decay studies that would benefit from a determination of the nuclear recoil can be performed with this system.

  18. Absolute hydrogen depth profiling using the resonant $^{1}$H($^{15}$N,$\\alpha\\gamma$)$^{12}$C nuclear reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Reinhardt, Tobias P; Bemmerer, Daniel; Stöckel, Klaus; Wagner, Louis

    2016-01-01

    Resonant nuclear reactions are a powerful tool for the determination of the amount and profile of hydrogen in thin layers of material. Usually, this tool requires the use of a standard of well-known composition. The present work, by contrast, deals with standard-less hydrogen depth profiling. This approach requires precise nuclear data, e.g. on the widely used $^{1}$H($^{15}$N,$\\alpha\\gamma$)$^{12}$C reaction, resonant at 6.4\\,MeV $^{15}$N beam energy. Here, the strongly anisotropic angular distribution of the emitted $\\gamma$-rays from this resonance has been re-measured, resolving a previous discrepancy. Coefficients of (0.38$\\pm$0.04) and (0.80$\\pm$0.04) have been deduced for the second and fourth order Legendre polynomials, respectively. In addition, the resonance strength has been re-evaluated to (25.0$\\pm$1.5)\\,eV, 10\\% higher than previously reported. A simple working formula for the hydrogen concentration is given for cases with known $\\gamma$-ray detection efficiency. Finally, the absolute approach i...

  19. Astrophysical S factor of {$^{12}$C($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{16}$O} Calculated with the Reduced R-matrix Theory

    CERN Document Server

    An, Zhen-Dong; Ma, Yu-Gang; Yu, Jian-Kai; Sun, Ye-Ying; Fan, Gong-Tao; Li, Yong-Jiang; Xu, Hang-Hua; Huang, Bo-Song; Wang, Kan

    2015-01-01

    Determination of the accurate astrophysical S factor of {$^{12}$C($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{16}$O} reaction has been regarded as a holy grail of nuclear astrophysics for decades. In current stellar models, a knowledge of that value to better than 10\\% is desirable. Due to the practical issues, tremendous experimental and theoretical efforts over nearly 50 years are not able to reach this goal, and the published values contradicted with each other strongly and their uncertainties are 2 times larger than the required precision. To this end we have developed a Reduced R-matrix Theory, based on the classical R-matrix theory of Lane and Thomas, which treats primary transitions to ground state and four bound states as the independent reaction channels in the channel spin representation. With the coordination of covariance statistics and error propagation theory, a global fitting for almost all available experimental data of $^{16}$O system has been multi-iteratively analyzed by our powerful code. A reliable, accurate and ...

  20. Waste reduction efforts through the evaluation and procurement of a digital camera system for the Alpha-Gamma Hot Cell Facility at Argonne National Laboratory-East

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Alpha-Gamma Hot Cell Facility (AGHCF) at Argonne National Laboratory-East is a research facility where sample examinations involve traditional photography. The AGHCF documents samples with photographs (both Polaroid self-developing and negative film). Wastes generated include developing chemicals. The AGHCF evaluated, procured, and installed a digital camera system for the Leitz metallograph to significantly reduce labor, supplies, and wastes associated with traditional photography with a return on investment of less than two years

  1. E2 contribution to the /sup 12/C(. cap alpha. ,. gamma. )/sup 16/O reaction at stellar energies in a coupled channel approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Funck, C.; Langanke, K.; Weiguny, A.

    1985-02-28

    The E2 part of the /sup 12/C(..cap alpha..,..gamma..)/sup 16/O capture process at stellar energies is calculated in a microscopically founded coupled channel approach based on the rotational model of Tamura. At the astrophysically most effective energy we obtain an S-factor for E2 capture of Ssub(E2)(300 keV)=0.10 MeV b.

  2. E2 contribution to the /sup 12/C(. alpha. ,. gamma. )/sup 16/O reaction at stellar energies in a coupled channel approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Funck, C.; Langanke, K.; Weiguny, A.

    1985-02-28

    The E2 part of the /sup 12/C(..alpha..,..gamma..)/sup 16/O capture process at stellar energies is calculated in a microscopically founded coupled channel approach based on the rotational model of Tamura. At the astrophysically most effective energy we obtain an S-factor for E2 capture of Ssub(E2)(300 keV) = 0.10 MeV b. (orig.).

  3. The key reactions in Stellar helium burning: {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}){sup 16}O and {sup 22}Ne({alpha},n){sup 25}Mg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fey, M. E-mail: fey@ifs.physik.uni-stuttgart.de; Kunz, R.; Hammer, J.W.; Jaeger, M.; Mayer, A.; Krmpotic, E.; Bauer, C.; Meyer, C.; Harissopulos, S.; Paradellis, T.; Staudt, G.; Haas, F.; Papka, P.; Kratz, K.-L.; Pfeiffer, B

    2003-05-05

    The excitation functions of {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}){sup 16}O and {sup 22}Ne({alpha},n){sup 25}Mg have been determined with a yet unequaled experimental sensitivity of 10{sup -11} b. From {gamma}-angular distributions the S{sub E1}-and S{sub E2}-factors for {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}){sup 16}O have been deduced and extrapolated into the range of helium burning temperatures using the R-matrix method. An improved reaction rate has been calculated: N{sub A}<{sigma}{nu}>=(7.9{+-}2.5)x10{sup -15}cm{sup 3}(mols){sup -1} at T{sub 9} = 0.2. For a more precise extrapolation the excitation function has to be measured with better statistics. Therefore a new experiment on {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}){sup 16}O with a better suited setup has been started recently. The accuracy of the {sup 22}Ne({alpha},n){sup 25}Mg reaction rate could be improved considerably compared to previous compilations: N{sub A}<{sigma}{nu}> = (0.88{sub -0.3}{sup +2.6}) x 10{sup -16}cm{sup 3}(mols){sup -1} at T{sub 9} = 0.2.

  4. LHCb: Can LHCb Study Three Body Decays with Neutrals?

    CERN Multimedia

    Fawcett, W

    2013-01-01

    In this poster we present the first attempt to use a new method to measure CP violation in Dalitz plots. This method is unbinned, model independent and has a greater sensitivity than binned methods. Preliminary studies have been made using the three body decays $D^0 \\rightarrow K_\\rm{S}^0 \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $D^0 \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\pi^0$, which is especially challenging since there is one neutral particle in each of the final states. An attempt to visualise where CP violation occurs in Dalitz plots is also presented.

  5. Study of flavor-tagged baryon production in B decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using data collected on the Υ(4S) resonance and the nearby continuum by the CLEO-II detector, we have studied combinations of baryons with leptons produced in the process Υ(4S)→B bar B, B→lepton+X, bar B→baryon+X. Our results do not support models which Attribute the bulk of Λc production in bar B decay to the process b→cW-,W-→ bar cs. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  6. B decays studies with the TPC at PEP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past the TPC/2 photon collaboration at PEP has not been in a position to contribute much to B decay studies because it did not have a good position resolution at the origin. Now that a new Vertex Chamber (VC) has been built and tested, the B-physics program can proceed. Last November, there was a short run at the beam energy of 13.6 GeV. The TPC and VC worked well. With the 300 pb to the minus 1 that is planned in the next 18 months, the B lifetime should be measured with accuracy equal to the present world average. 2 refs., 4 figs

  7. Methodical Base of Experimental Studies of Collinear Multibody Decays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamanin, D. V.; Zhuchko, V. E.; Kondtatyev, N. A.; Alexandrov, A. A.; Alexandrova, I. A.; Kuznetsova, E. A.; Strekalovsky, A. O.; Strekalovsky, O. V.; Pyatkov, Yu. V.; Jacobs, N.; Malaza, V.; Mulgin, S. I.

    2013-06-01

    Our recent experiments dedicated to study of the CCT of 252Cf (sf) were carried out at the COMETA setup based on the mosaics of PIN diodes and special array of 3He filled neutron counters. Principal peculiarity of the experiment consists in measuring of the heavy ions masses in the frame of the TOF-E (time-of-flight vs. energy) method in the wide range of masses and energies and almost collinear recession of the decay partners. The methodical questions of such experiment are under discussion here.

  8. Study on decay of rare earth nuclei produced by fission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawade, Kiyoshi; Yamamoto, Hiroshi; Shibata, Michihiro; Asai, Masato [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Tsukada, Kazuaki; Osa, Akihiko; Shinohara, Nobuo; Iimura, Hideki

    1996-01-01

    JAERI-ISOL utilizes charge particle induced fission by proton and heavy proton produced by the tandem type accelerator (JAERI). To study the decay mechanism and nuclei structure of neutron and excess nuclei produced by actinoid fission, JAERI-ISOL was improved by developing the multilayer target tank. So that, the intensity of mass separated ion beam increased enough to use. New 76.6 KeV {gamma}-ray with about 10s of half life was found in the preliminary experiment. (S.Y.)

  9. Detailed β-decay study of 33Ar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proton-rich nucleus 33Ar has been studied by detailed proton and γ-ray spectroscopy at the low-energy facility of SPIRAL at GANIL. Proton and γ-ray singles and coincidence measurements allowed to establish a quasicomplete decay scheme of this nucleus. By comparing the proton intensity to different daughter states, tentative spin assignments have been made for some of the states of 33Cl. The Gamow-Teller strength distribution is deduced and compared to shell-model calculations and a quenching factor is determined. States close to the isobaric analog state are searched for with respect to isospin mixing.

  10. Study on diverse passive decay heat removal approach and principle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decay heat removal in post-accident is one of the most important aspects concerned in the reactor safety analysis. Passive decay heat removal approach is used to enhance nuclear safety. In advanced reactors, decay heat is removed by multiple passive heat removal paths through core to ultimate heat sink by passive residual heat removal system, passive injection system, passive containment cooling system and so on. Various passive decay heat removal approaches are summarized in this paper, the common features and differences of their heat removal paths are analyzed, and the design principle of passive systems for decay heat removal is discussed. It is found that. these decay heat removal paths is combined by some basic heat transfer processes, by the combination of these basic processes, diverse passive decay heat removal approach or system design scheme can be drawn. (authors)

  11. Studies of multiparticle production in hadronic Z0 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hadronic decays of Z0 bosons produced in e+e- annihilation are ideal for testing QCD. This thesis presents a measurement of the charged-particle multiplicity distribution and the first experimental study of the ratio of cumulant to factorial moments, using hadronic Z0 decays collected by the SLD experiment at SLAC. The author finds that this ratio, as a function of the moment-rank q, decreases sharply to a negative minimum at q = 5, which is followed by quasi-oscillations. These features are in qualitative agreement with expectations from higher-order perturbative QCD. The author also presents an analysis of the intermittency in rapidity phase space using the method of scaled factorial moments. It is found that both parton cascade and hard-gluon radiations contribute to the growth of the moments by studying the event-shape and jet-topology dependencies. All aspects of the data appear to be reproduced reasonably well by the QCD-based Monte Carlo model

  12. Study of heavy particle decay from superheavy elements by SK model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heavy nuclei usually decay by alpha decay or spontaneous fission. These two decay modes are generally the most probable competing processes. Another less probable decay process is cluster radioactivity in which nuclei from carbon to silicon are emitted from Radium to Californium leading to the most stable daughter nucleus, lead. This work reports such a study using the cubic plus Yukawa plus exponential model of Shanmugam and Kamalaharan (SK)

  13. THE 2H(alpha, gamma6LI REACTION AT LUNA AND BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHETIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Gustavino

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The 2H(α, γ6Li reaction is the leading process for the production of 6Li in standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. Recent observations of lithium abundance in metal-poor halo stars suggest that there might be a 6Li plateau, similar to the well-known Spite plateau of 7Li. This calls for a re-investigation of the standard production channel for 6Li. As the 2H(α, γ6Li cross section drops steeply at low energy, it has never before been studied directly at Big Bang energies. For the first time the reaction has been studied directly at Big Bang energies at the LUNA accelerator. The preliminary data and their implications for Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the purported 6Li problem will be shown.

  14. β -decay study within multireference density functional theory and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konieczka, M.; Bączyk, P.; Satuła, W.

    2016-04-01

    A pioneering study of Gamow-Teller (GT) and Fermi matrix elements (MEs) using no-core-configuration-interaction formalism rooted in multireference density functional theory is presented. After a successful test performed for 6He→6Liβ decay, the model is applied to compute MEs in the s d - and p f -shell T =1 /2 mirror nuclei. The calculated GT MEs and the isospin-symmetry-breaking corrections to the Fermi branch are found to be in very good agreement with shell-model predictions in spite of fundamental differences between these models concerning model space, treatment of correlations, or inclusion of a core. This result indirectly supports the two-body-current-based scenarios behind the quenching of the axial-vector coupling constant.

  15. Study of inelastic decay amplitudes in 51Mn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detailed angular distribution measurments on inelastically scattered protons and de-excitation γ-rays in the 50Cr(p,p') and 50Cr(p,p'γ) reactions were performed for 107 resonances in 51Mn in the proton energy range 3.0-4.4 MeV. An overall resolution of 425 eV was obtained with the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator and the high resolution system at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory. Spin and parity assignments for the 107 resonances studied were as follows: 1/2+ (4); 1/2- (6); 3/2- (30); 3/2+ (20); 5/2+ (38); 5/2- (7); 7/2+ (1); and 9/2+ (1). Mixing ratios for the inelastic decay amplitudes were uniquely determined for all resonances except those assigned J/sup π/ = 1/2+, 1/2-, or 3/2+. For 1/2+ and 1/2- resonances there is only one open decay channel. For 3/2+ resonances, insufficient information is obtained from this experiment to determine a unique solution for the mixing ratios. Statistical studies were performed on the set of 3/2- resonances and on the set of 5/2+ resonances. Strong channel-channel correlations were observed in the distributions of the reduced widths and the reduced width amplitudes for 5/2+ resonances. The existence of such correlations is a violation of the extreme statistical model. The present results agree with the reduced width amplitude distribution of Krieger and Porter which includes channel-channel correlations

  16. Decay studies of the highly neutron-deficient indium isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An extension of the experimentally known nuclidic mass surface to nuclei far from the region of beta-stability is of fundamental interest in providing a better determination of the input parameters for the various nuclear mass formulae, allowing a more accurate prediction of the ultimate limits of nuclear stability. In addition, a study of the shape of the mass surface in the vicinity of the doubly-closed nuclide 100Sn provides initial information on the behavior of the shell closure to be expected when Z = N = 50. Experiments measuring the decay energies of 103105In by β-endpoint measurements are described with special attention focused on the development of a plastic scintillator β-telescope coupled to the on-line mass separator RAMA (Recoil Atom Mass Analyzer). An attempt to measure the β-endpoint energy of 102In is also briefly described. The experimentally determined decay energies and derived masses for 103105In are compared with the predictions of different mass models to identify which models are more successful in this region. Furthermore, the inclusion in these comparisons of the available data on the neutron-rich indium nuclei permits a systematic study of their ground state mass behavior as a function of the neutron number between the shell closures at N = 50 and N = 82. These analyses indicate that the binding energy of 103In is 1 MeV larger than predicted by the majority of the mass models. An examination of the Q/sub EC/ surface and the single- and two-neutron separation energies in the vicinity of 103105In is also performed to investigate further the deviation and other possible systematic variations in the mass surface in a model-independent way

  17. Decay studies of the highly neutron-deficient indium isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wouters, J.M.

    1982-02-01

    An extension of the experimentally known nuclidic mass surface to nuclei far from the region of beta-stability is of fundamental interest in providing a better determination of the input parameters for the various nuclear mass formulae, allowing a more accurate prediction of the ultimate limits of nuclear stability. In addition, a study of the shape of the mass surface in the vicinity of the doubly-closed nuclide /sup 100/Sn provides initial information on the behavior of the shell closure to be expected when Z = N = 50. Experiments measuring the decay energies of /sup 103/ /sup 105/In by ..beta..-endpoint measurements are described with special attention focused on the development of a plastic scintillator ..beta..-telescope coupled to the on-line mass separator RAMA (Recoil Atom Mass Analyzer). An attempt to measure the ..beta..-endpoint energy of /sup 102/In is also briefly described. The experimentally determined decay energies and derived masses for /sup 103/ /sup 105/In are compared with the predictions of different mass models to identify which models are more successful in this region. Furthermore, the inclusion in these comparisons of the available data on the neutron-rich indium nuclei permits a systematic study of their ground state mass behavior as a function of the neutron number between the shell closures at N = 50 and N = 82. These analyses indicate that the binding energy of /sup 103/In is 1 MeV larger than predicted by the majority of the mass models. An examination of the Q/sub EC/ surface and the single- and two-neutron separation energies in the vicinity of /sup 103/ /sup 105/In is also performed to investigate further the deviation and other possible systematic variations in the mass surface in a model-independent way.

  18. Studies of radiative penguin B decays at BaBar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    John M LoSecco; BaBar Collaboration

    2004-03-01

    We summarize results on a number of observations of penguin dominated radiative decays of the meson. Such decays are forbidden at tree level and proceed via electroweak loops. As such they may be sensitive to physics beyond the standard model. The observations have been made at the BaBar experiment at PEP-II, the asymmetric factory at SLAC.

  19. Study on diverse passive decay heat removal approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most important principles for nuclear safety is the decay heat removal in accidents. Passive decay heat removal systems are extremely helpful to enhance the safety. In currently design of many advanced nuclear reactors, kinds of passive systems are proposed or developed, such as the passive residual heat removal system, passive injection system, passive containment cooling system. These systems provide entire passive heat removal paths from core to ultimate heat sink. Various kinds of passive systems for decay heat removal are summarized; their common features or differences on heat removal paths and design principle are analyzed. It is found that, these passive decay heat removal paths are similarly common on and connected by several basic heat transfer modes and steps. By the combinations or connections of basic modes and steps, new passive decay heat removal approach or diverse system can be proposed. (authors)

  20. A study of tau decays involving eta and omega mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Buskulic, Damir; Décamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Lees, J P; Lucotte, A; Minard, M N; Nief, J Y; Odier, P; Pietrzyk, B; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Delfino, M C; Efthymiopoulos, I; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Carrido, L; Juste, A; Martínez, M; Orteu, S; Padilla, C; Park, I C; Pascual, A; Perlas, J A; Riu, I; Sánchez, F; Teubert, F; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Palma, M; Gelao, G; Girone, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Marinelli, N; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Alemany, R; Bazarko, A O; Bonvicini, G; Bright-Thomas, P G; Cattaneo, M; Comas, P; Coyle, P; Drevermann, H; Forty, Roger W; Frank, M; Hagelberg, R; Harvey, J; Janot, P; Jost, B; Kneringer, E; Knobloch, J; Lehraus, Ivan; Lutters, G; Martin, E B; Mato, P; Minten, Adolf G; Miquel, R; Mir, L M; Moneta, L; Oest, T; Pacheco, A; Pusztaszeri, J F; Ranjard, F; Rensing, P E; Rizzo, G; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schmelling, M; Schmitt, M; Schneider, O; Tejessy, W; Tomalin, I R; Venturi, A; Wachsmuth, H W; Wagner, A; Ajaltouni, Ziad J; Barrès, A; Boyer, C; Falvard, A; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Proriol, J; Rosnet, P; Rossignol, J M; Fearnley, Tom; Hansen, J B; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Nilsson, B S; Rensch, B; Wäänänen, A; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Siotis, I; Vayaki, Anna; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G R; Brient, J C; Bourdon, P; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Valassi, Andrea; Verderi, M; Videau, H L; Candlin, D J; Parsons, M I; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Corden, M; Georgiopoulos, C H; Jaffe, D E; Antonelli, A; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Casper, David William; Chiarella, V; Felici, G; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, F; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Curtis, L; Dorris, S J; Halley, A W; Knowles, I G; Lynch, J G; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Reeves, P; Scarr, J M; Smith, K; Teixeira-Dias, P; Thompson, A S; Thomson, F; Thorn, S; Turnbull, R M; Becker, U; Geweniger, C; Graefe, G; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Schmidt, M; Sommer, J; Tittel, K; Werner, S; Wunsch, M; Abbaneo, D; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, David M; Cameron, W; Dornan, Peter J; Moutoussi, A; Nash, J; Sedgbeer, J K; Stacey, A M; Williams, M D; Dissertori, G; Girtler, P; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Betteridge, A P; Bowdery, C K; Colrain, P; Crawford, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Sloan, Terence; Williams, M I; Galla, A; Giehl, I; Greene, A M; Hoffmann, C; Jakobs, K; Kleinknecht, K; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Van Gemmeren, P; Zeitnitz, C; Aubert, Jean-Jacques; Bencheikh, A M; Benchouk, C; Bonissent, A; Bujosa, G; Calvet, D; Carr, J; Diaconu, C A; Etienne, F; Konstantinidis, N P; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Sadouki, A; Thulasidas, M; Trabelsi, K; Aleppo, M; Ragusa, F; Bauer, C; Berlich, R; Blum, Walter; Büscher, V; Dietl, H; Dydak, Friedrich; Ganis, G; Gotzhein, C; Kroha, H; Lütjens, G; Lutz, Gerhard; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Richter, R H; Rosado-Schlosser, A; Schael, S; Settles, Ronald; Seywerd, H C J; Saint-Denis, R; Stenzel, H; Wiedenmann, W; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Choi, Y; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Höcker, A; Jacholkowska, A; Jacquet, M; Kim, D W; Le Diberder, F R; Lefrançois, J; Lutz, A M; Nikolic, I A; Park, H J; Schune, M H; Simion, S; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Zerwas, D; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bozzi, C; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Ciocci, M A; Ciulli, V; Dell'Orso, R; Fantechi, R; Ferrante, I; Foà, L; Forti, F; Giassi, A; Giorgi, M A; Gregorio, A; Ligabue, F; Lusiani, A; Marrocchesi, P S; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Spagnolo, P; Steinberger, Jack; Tenchini, Roberto; Tonelli, G; Vannini, C; Verdini, P G; Walsh, J; Blair, G A; Bryant, L M; Cerutti, F; Chambers, J T; Gao, Y; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Perrodo, P; Strong, J A; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Botterill, David R; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Haywood, S; Maley, P; Norton, P R; Thompson, J C; Wright, A E; Bloch-Devaux, B; Colas, P; Emery, S; Kozanecki, Witold; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Marx, B; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Trabelsi, A; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Johnson, R P; Kim, H Y; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Boswell, R; Brew, C A J; Cartwright, S L; Combley, F; Köksal, A; Lehto, M H; Newton, W M; Reeve, J; Thompson, L F; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Cowan, G D; Grupen, Claus; Minguet-Rodríguez, J A; Rivera, F; Saraiva, P; Smolik, L; Stephan, F; Apollonio, M; Bosisio, L; Della Marina, R; Giannini, G; Gobbo, B; Musolino, G; Rothberg, J E; Wasserbaech, S R; Armstrong, S R; Elmer, P; Feng, Z; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y S; González, S; Grahl, J; Greening, T C; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; McNamara, P A; Nachtman, J M; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y B; Saadi, Y; Scott, I J; Walsh, A M; Wu, X; Yamartino, J M; Zheng, M; Zobernig, G

    1997-01-01

    The 132 pb$^{-1}$ of data collected by ALEPH from 1991 to 1994 have been used to analyze $\\eta$ and $\\omega$ production in $\\tau$ decays. The following branching fractions have been measured: \\begin{eqnarray*} B(\\tau^-\\to\

  1. Study of leptonic and semileptonic kaon decays at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Fantechi, Riccardo

    2014-01-01

    During 2003 and 2004, the NA48/2 experiment has collected at the CERN SPS the world largest amount of charged kaon decays, with the main goal to search fo r direct CP violation in the decay of K ± into three pions. From a dedicated data sample collected in 2 004, the analysis of K ± e 3 and K ± μ 3 decay data has allowed precise measurements of the form fact ors in various parametrizations. Later, in 2007-2008, using the same detector but a modified be am and trigger logic, the NA62 experiment has taken data to measure the ratio of K → e ν and K → ν leptonic decays and has obtained a sub-percent measurement of the ratio R K = Γ ( K e 2 ) / Γ ( K μ 2 ) .

  2. A study of Cabibbo-suppressed D0 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II, we have measured branching ratios for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D0→π-π+, D0→K-K+, and D0→Ks0K-π+, observed the Cabibbo-allowed decay D0→Ks0Ks0Ks0 and obtained an upper limit on the branching ratio for D0→K0anti K0. (orig.)

  3. Decay ratio studies in BWR and PWR using wavelet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The on-line stability of BWR and PWR is studied using the neutron noise signals as the fluctuations reflect the dynamic characteristics of the reactor. Using appropriate signal modeling for time domain analysis of noise signals, the stability parameters can be directly obtained from the system impulse response. Here in particular for BWR, an important stability parameter is the decay ratio (DR) of the impulse response. The time series analysis involves the autoregressive modeling of the neutron detector signal. The DR determination is strongly effected by the low frequency behaviour since the transfer function characteristic tends to be a third order system rather than a second order system for a BWR. In a PWR low frequency behaviour is modified by the Boron concentration. As a result of these phenomena there are difficulties in the consistent determination of the DR oscillations. The enhancement of the consistency of this DR estimation is obtained by wavelet transform using actual power plant data from BWR and PWR. A comparative study of the Restimation with and without wavelets are presented. (orig.)

  4. Study of dimuon rare beauty decays with ATLAS and CMS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHC experiments will perform sensitive tests of physics beyond the standard model (BSM). The investigation of decays of beauty hadrons represents an alternative approach in addition to direct BSM searches. The ATLAS and CMS efforts concentrate on those B-decays that can be efficiently selected already at the first and second level trigger. The most favorable trigger signature will be for B-hadron decays with muons in the final state. Using this trigger, ATLAS and CMS will be able to accommodate very high statistics in the rare decay sector. These are purely dimuon decays, and families of semimuonic exclusive channels. Already with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb-1, the sensitivity in the dimuon channels will be comparable to present measurements (world average). The strategy is to carry on the dimuon channel program up to nominal LHC luminosity. In particular the Bs→μμ signal with ∝5 sigma significance can be measured combining low luminosity 1033 cm-2s-1 samples with those of one year of LHC operation at a luminosity of 1034 cm-2s-1. (orig.)

  5. Study of Three-Body Y(10860) Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Arita, Y; Asner, D M; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Ban, Y; Barberio, E; Barrett, M; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belhorn, M; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Blyth, S; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bra\\v, M; Brodzicka, J; Brovchenko, O; Browder, T E; Chang, M -C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Chen, K -F; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, I -S; Cho, K; Choi, K -S; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Crnkovic, J; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dingfelder, J; Dole\\v, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dungel, W; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Esen, S; Fast, J E; Feindt, M; Frey, A; Fujikawa, M; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; GrossePerdekamp, M; Guo, H; Haba, J; Hamer, P; Han, Y L; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hasegawa, Y; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Heffernan, D; Higuchi, T; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou, W -S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Imamura, M; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Iwashita, T; Iwata, S; Jaegle, I; Jones, M; Julius, T; Kah, D H; Kakuno, H; Kang, J H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, B H; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, N; Koblitz, S; Kody\\v, P; Koga, Y; Korpar, S; Kouzes, R T; Kreps, M; Kri\\v, P; Krokovny, P; Kronenbitter, B; Kuhr, T; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kurihara, E; Kuroki, Y; Kuzmin, A; Kvasni\\v, P; Kwon, Y -J; Kyeong, S -H; Lange, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S -H; Leitgab, M; Leitner, R; Li, J; Li, X; Li, Y; Libby, J; Lim, C -L; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liu, Y; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; MacNaughton, J; Marlow, D; Matvienko, D; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Mikami, Y; Miyabayashi, K; Miyachi, Y; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, D; Moll, A; Mori, T; Müller, T; Muramatsu, N; Mussa, R; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakahama, Y; Nakamura, I; Nakano, E; Nakano, T; Nakao, M; Nakayama, H; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Negishi, K; Neichi, K; Neubauer, S; Ng, C; Niiyama, M; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nitoh, O; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, A; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Panzenböck, E; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Park, K S; Peak, L S; Pedlar, T K; Peng, T; Pestotnik, R; Peters, M; Petri\\v, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Prim, M; Prothmann, K; Reisert, B; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rorie, J; Rozanska, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, K; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Sasao, N; Sato, Y; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schönmeier, P; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Schwenker, B; Seidl, R; Sekiya, A; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shang, L; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shen, C P; Shibata, T -A; Shibuya, H; Shinomiya, S; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Singh, J B; Sinha, R; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stani\\v, S; Stari\\v, M; Stypula, J; Sugihara, S; Sugiyama, A; Sumihama, M; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Takeichi, H; Tamponi, U; Tanaka, M; Tanaka, S; Tanida, K; Taniguchi, N; Tatishvili, G; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Thorne, F; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Tse, Y F; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uchida, T; Uchida, Y; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Ushiroda, Y; Usov, Y; Vahsen, S E; Vanhoefer, P; VanHulse, C; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Vinokurova, A; Vorobyev, V; Vossen, A; Wang, C H; Wang, J; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; White, E; Wicht, J; Widhalm, L; Wiechczynski, J; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamamoto, H; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zander, D; Zhang, C C; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, L; Zhilich, V; Zhou, P; Zhulanov, V; Zivko, T; Zupanc, A; Zwahlen, N; Zyukova, O

    2012-01-01

    We report preliminary results on the analysis of the three-body Y(10860)=> B barB pi, Y(10860) => (B barB* + c.c.) pi and Y(10860)=> B* barB* pi decays including an observation of the Y(10860)=> Zb(10610)+- pi-+ => [B barB*+c.c]+- pi-+ and Y(10860)=> Zb(10650)+- pi-+ => [B* barB*]+- pi-+ decays as intermediate channels. We measure branching fractions of the three-body decays to be Br(Y(10860)=> [B barB*+c.c.]+- pi-+)=(28.3+-2.9+-4.6)x10^{-3} and Br(Y(10860)=> [B* barB*]+- pi-+)=(14.1+-1.9+-2.4)x10^{-3} and set 90% C.L. upper limit Br(Y(10860)=> [B barB]+- pi-+)Y(nS)pi+pi-, n=1,2,3 decays and the analysis of the internal structure of the three-body Y(10860)=>hb(mP)pi+pi-, m=1,2 decays. The results are based on a 121.4 1/fb data sample collected with the Belle detector at a center-of-mass energy near the Y(10860).

  6. Study of the decay D0 --> K+pi-.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Link, J M; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferi, A; de Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vazquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Ramirez, J E; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, F L; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Caccianiga, B; D'Angelo, P; DiCorato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Agostino, L; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Segoni, I; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernandez, H; Lopez, A M; Mendez, H; Mendez, L; Mirles, A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Xiong, W; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M S; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M

    2001-04-01

    Using a large sample of photoproduced charm mesons from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab (FNAL-E831), we observe the decay D0-->K+pi- with a signal yield of 149+/-31 events compared to a similarly cut sample consisting of 36 760+/-195 D0-->K-pi+ events. We use the observed ratio of D0-->K+pi- to D0-->K-pi+ (0.404+/-0.085+/-0.025)% to obtain a relationship between the D0 mixing and doubly Cabibbo suppressed decay parameters. PMID:11290081

  7. Fission decay of $^{282}$Cn studied using cranking inertia

    CERN Document Server

    Poenaru, D N

    2014-01-01

    Superheavy nuclei produced until now are decaying mainly by $\\alpha$~emission and spontaneous fission. Calculated $\\alpha$~decay half-lives are in agreement with experimental data within one order of magnitude. The discrepancy between theory and experiment can be as high as ten orders of magnitude for spontaneous fission. We analyze a way to improve the accuracy by using the action integral based on cranking inertia and a potential barrier computed by the macroscopic-microscopic method with a two-center shell model. Illustrations are given for $^{282}$Cn which has a measured fission half-life.

  8. Fission decay of 282Cn studied using cranking inertia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superheavy nuclei produced until now are decaying mainly by α emission and spontaneous fission. Calculated α decay half-lives are in agreement with experimental data to within one order of magnitude. The discrepancy between theory and experiment can be as high as ten orders of magnitude for spontaneous fission. We analyze a way to improve the accuracy by using the action integral based on cranking inertia and a potential barrier computed by the macroscopic-microscopic method with a two-center shell model. Illustrations are given for 282Cn which has a measured fission half-life. (paper)

  9. Study of charged kaon production in three-prong tau decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis presents the measurement of kaon production in 3-prong τ decays. The data sample of Z0 events is used that was recorded with the DELPHI detector at LEP in 1992, 1993 and 1994. Charged kaons in the τ decay are identified on a track-by-track basis using the Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector (RICH). The branching ratios of τ-→K-K+π- (neutrals) ντ and τ-→K-π+π- (neutrals) ντ are determined. The resonance structure of these two decays is studied. Evidence for a simple QCD process of kaon pair production in τ decay is discussed. (orig.)

  10. Study of alpha-decay half-lives with deformed, oriented daughter nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, Coulomb and proximity potential model has been applied to calculate the half-lives of alpha-decay for isotopes around N = Z = 50. Using this model, we investigated the influence of deformation and orientation of daughter nucleus on alpha-decay half-lives. Two orientations (90° and 180°) with quadrupole deformation are applied to study the role of daughter orientation in alpha-decay process. It is found that the deformation and orientation of daughter nucleus affects the alpha-decay half-life and changes the slope and intercept of linear relation between log10(T1/2) and Q-1/2. (author)

  11. Neutron beta decay studies at the Institut Laue-Langevin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the frame of the electroweak Standard Model of particle physics, neutron beta decay is described by only two parameters: the element Vud of the weak quark mixing matrix (CKM matrix) and the ratio λ=gA/gV of the weak coupling constants of the neutron. Experimentally, a larger number of neutron decay parameters are accessible. These are the lifetime and various correlation coefficients between the spins and momenta of the particles involved in neutron decay. Hence, the problem is strongly overdetermined, and many tests going beyond the Standard Model are possible. These comprise tests of the unitarity of the CKM matrix, tests for tensor and scalar admixtures, searches for right-handed currents within the frame of left-right symmetric models, as well as tests of time reversal symmetry. During the past years various groups working in this field have made considerable progress in neutron decay experimentation. In our presentation we shall give a survey on new experiments performed at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France, and on the results concerning the Standard Model

  12. Comparative studies for different proximity potentials applied to α decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yao, Y.J.; Zhang, G.L. [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beijing (China); Beihang University, International Research Center for Nuclei and Particles in the Cosmos, Beijing (China); Qu, W.W. [Medical College of Soochow University, School of Radiation Medicine and Protection, Soochow (China); Qian, J.Q. [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beijing (China)

    2015-09-15

    Half-lives of α decay of even-even nuclei calculated by using fourteen different versions of proximity potentials are compared to experimental data. The results show that the results of the generalized proximity potential 1977 are very much in agreement with the experimental data. In comparison with the distributions of nuclear potentials at small distances and the distributions of total potentials above the released energy Q{sub α}, it is found that at small distances the distributions of nuclear potentials have large difference and the distributions of total potentials are different among the listed proximity potentials. The different potential distributions affect the penetration probability of α, which is related to the half-life of the α decay for each nucleus. The generalized proximity potential 1977 is also used to calculate the half-lives of α decay of nuclei with odd mass numbers. The results show that the generalized proximity potential 1977 can calculate the half-lives of the α decay of almost all nuclei, which underlines and supports the use of the generalized proximity potential 1977 by Santhosh et al. in the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM) and the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). (orig.)

  13. Study of Tau lepton decays with ALEPH detector at LEP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the data accumulated at LEP in 1989 and 1990 with the ALEPH detector, the inclusive and exclusive branching ratios of the τ lepton have been measured assuming lepton universality in Z0 decays. The inclusive branching fractions for the τ decay into one, three, and five charged particles have been determined to be (85.45±0.97)%, (14.35±0.48)%, and (0.10± 0.05)% respectively, in agreement with the world averages. New undetected decay modes are determined to have a branching fraction of less than 2.1% at 95% CL. The measured branching ratios for quasi-exclusive channels are slightly larger than, but consistent with the world averages, except for the modes τ→3 hadrons+ντ and τ→hadron+2π0ντ, which are significantly larger. These latter branching ratios have been found to be (9.5±0.7)% and (10.2±1.1)%, respectively. The sum of all the measured quasi-exclusive branching ratios is (100.4±1.8)%. A fully exclusive analysis of modes with neutral pions shows no evidence for new photonic decay modes with a branching fraction limit of 3.4% at 95% CL

  14. Soil Collembola attracted by decaying wood; a preliminary study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čuchta, Peter

    České Budějovice: Institute of Soil Biology, BC CAS, 2015. s. 18. ISBN ISBN 978-80-86525-29-7. [Central European Workshop on Soil Zoology /13./. 13.04.2015-15.04.2015, České Budějovice] Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : soil Collembola * decaying wood Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  15. Study of the doubly-charmed decays of B mesons with the experiment BABAR in SLAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BABAR experiment at SLAC (Stanford linear acceleration center) has been studying since 1999 B meson decays from e+e- collisions at the γ(4S) resonance. The first goal of the collaboration was to measure the sin (2β) CP-violation parameter within the standard model. This measurement requires to know with precision the absolute length scale of the detector. A method to test this scale was developed using nuclear interactions in the beam-pipe material. The longitudinal length scale was then determined at the 1 % level precision. The systematic error associated with length measurement in the detector concerning B meson lifetime and B meson oscillation frequency is then negligible with respect to the other errors. The K meson content of B decays is a key ingredient of the sin (2β) measurement and is used to tag the flavour of the other B in events containing a B decaying to a CP eigenstate. The K charge is correlated to the B flavour. Wrong sign kaons, which can dilute B tagging, can come from wrong sign D decays (B→ DX). Doubly charmed decays (B→ D(*)D-bar(*) K are one possibility to produce wrong sign D decays. The twenty-two decay modes are reconstructed exclusively. The total branching fraction is measured with enough precision to establish that B→ D(*)D-bar(*) K decays are not the only source of wrong sign D mesons in B decays. (author)

  16. Studies of Higgs bosons decaying to fermions with CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Salerno, Daniel Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    This note reviews the latest results of searches for a Higgs boson decaying to fermions, including both Standard Model (SM) searches from Run I at $\\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV and Run II at $\\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV and di-Higgs boson production from Run II. The measurements of the Higgs boson coupling to fermions from Run I of the LHC, both in final states and initial states are also presented.

  17. Study on the ϒ(1S→BcDs decay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junfeng Sun

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The branching ratio and direct CP asymmetry of the ϒ(1S→BcDs weak decay are estimated with the perturbative QCD approach firstly. It is found that (1 the direct CP-violating asymmetry is close to zero, (2 the branching ratio Br(ϒ(1S→BcDs≳10−10 might be measurable at the future experiments.

  18. Nab: a precise study of unpolarized neutron beta decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pocanic, Dinko; Nab Collaboration

    2015-10-01

    Nab is a program of measurements of unpolarized neutron decays at the Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, TN. Nab aims to determine a, the e- ν correlation with precision of δa / a =10-3 , and b, the Fierz interference term, with uncertainty δb ~= 3 ×10-3 . The set of available observables overconstrains neutron beta decay in the Standard Model (SM), opening the door to searches for evidence of possible SM extensions. Projected Nab results will lead to a new precise determination of the ratio λ =GA /GV , and to significant reductions in the allowed limits for both right- and left-handed scalar and tensor currents. Alternatively, Nab may detect a discrepancy from SM predictions consistent with certain realizations of supersymmetry. A long asymmetric spectrometer, optimized to achieve the required narrow proton momentum response function, is currently under construction. The apparatus is to be used in follow-up measurements (ABba experiment) of asymmetry observables A and B in polarized neutron decay. Nab is planned for beam readiness in 2016. We discuss the experiment's motivation, expected reach, design and method, and update its status. Work supported by NSF Grants PHY-1126683, 1205833, 1307328, 1506320, and others.

  19. Studies of beauty baryon decays to $D^0 ph^-$ and $\\Lambda_c^+ h^-$ final states

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Adrover, Cosme; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Balagura, Vladislav; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Bauer, Thomas; Bay, Aurelio; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; van den Brand, Johannes; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Callot, Olivier; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carranza-Mejia, Hector; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coca, Cornelia; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bonis, Isabelle; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Dogaru, Marius; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorosz, Piotr; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; van Eijk, Daan; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farry, Stephen; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garofoli, Justin; Garosi, Paola; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gordon, Hamish; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Hafkenscheid, Tom; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hartmann, Thomas; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hicks, Emma; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Huse, Torkjell; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Iakovenko, Viktor; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Wallaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Klaver, Suzanne; Kochebina, Olga; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanciotti, Elisa; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Li Gioi, Luigi; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Guoming; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Ian; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luisier, Johan; Luo, Haofei; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Maratas, Jan; Marconi, Umberto; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Martynov, Aleksandr; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Maurice, Emilie; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Moran, Dermot; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Mountain, Raymond; Mous, Ivan; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Muresan, Raluca; Muryn, Bogdan; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Nomerotski, Andrey; Novoselov, Alexey; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Pappalardo, Luciano; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pavel-Nicorescu, Carmen; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Penso, Gianni; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, Antonio; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Pessina, Gianluigi; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Polok, Grzegorz; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Powell, Andrew; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Redford, Sophie; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Alexander; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Roa Romero, Diego; Robbe, Patrick; Roberts, Douglas; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruffini, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Sabatino, Giovanni; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sapunov, Matvey; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Senderowska, Katarzyna; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Oksana; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spradlin, Patrick; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teodorescu, Eliza; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Webber, Adam Dane; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiechczynski, Jaroslaw; Wiedner, Dirk; Wiggers, Leo; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wu, Suzhi; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Decays of beauty baryons to the $D^0 p h^-$ and $\\Lambda_c^+ h^-$ final states (where $h$ indicates a pion or a kaon) are studied using a data sample of $pp$ collisions, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb detector. The Cabibbo-suppressed decays $\\Lambda_b^0\\to D^0 p K^-$ and $\\Lambda_b^0\\to \\Lambda_c^+ K^-$ are observed and their branching fractions are measured with respect to the decays $\\Lambda_b^0\\to D^0 p \\pi^-$ and $\\Lambda_b^0\\to \\Lambda_c^+ \\pi^-$. In addition, the first observation is reported of the decay of the neutral beauty-strange baryon $\\Xi_b^0$ to the $D^0 p K^-$ final state, and a measurement of the $\\Xi_b^0$ mass is performed. Evidence of the $\\Xi_b^0\\to \\Lambda_c^+ K^-$ decay is also reported.

  20. Studies of the N=90 region: The decay of 154Eu to 154Gd

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay of 154Eu → 154Gd has been studied by γ-ray singles and γ-γ coincidence spectroscopy using an array of 20 Compton-suppressed Ge detectors. The primary goal of the work was to confirm or refute a large number of questionable features in the decay scheme: the outcome is the removal of 8 levels from the previously adopted scheme, with the result that a new type of collective band is revealed. Many weak decay branches for the decay are clarified. These results are critical for understanding the structure of 154Gd and the N = 90 isotones; and the improved completeness of the decay scheme contributes to the use of 154Eu as a metrological standard

  1. Study of the neutron decay of isoscalar electric giant resonances in the nucleus 90Zr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present thesis studies mainly the decay of the giant resonance region in 90Zr by means of a coincidence experiment which was performed at the 6Li beam of the Karlsruhe Isochronous Cyclotron. After excitation by inelastic scattering especially the neutron decay of the giant monopole and quadrupole resonance was observed by means of a (6Li,6Li'n) coincidence measurement. One aim of this experiment was to determine the relative branching ratios of the neutron decay from the region of the giant quadrupole resonance to the single low-lying states of 89Zr. In order to obtain an average over the angular correlation function for L>2 the decay neutrons were spectroscoped in 16 angles. The evaluation of the experiments yielded important results for the understanding of the giant resonances in heavy nuclei. The giant monopole and quadrupole resonances in 90Zr decay dominantly statistically. (orig./HSI)

  2. Decay studies of 59Cu* formed in the 35Cl + 24Mg reaction using the dynamical cluster-decay model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karthikraj, C.; Balasubramaniam, M.

    2013-02-01

    The reformulated dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM) is applied to study the decay of odd-A and non-α structured 59Cu* formed in the 35Cl+24Mg reaction at Elab=275 MeV. Here, the temperature (T)-dependent binding energies due to Krappe are used. The roles of Wigner and pairing energies in the fragmentation potential are explicitly shown in this work. For the temperature T=4.1898 MeV corresponding to Elab=275 MeV, the contribution of pairing vanishes and the resulting structure of the fragmentation potential due to Wigner term is shown. In addition to this, we have studied the role of factor α appearing in the inertia part of the equation of motion dictating the mass-transfer process. It is shown that this factor has significant effect in the structure of preformation probability values and hence in turn we see significant changes in the cross sections. We compare the cross sections of the measured charge distributions of the fission fragments for two limiting values of the parameter α with the experimental data. In order to fit the total cross-section values, a linear relation is obtained between the free parameter of the model ▵R and the factor α appearing in the hydrodynamical mass.

  3. In situ neutron diffraction study of the low cycle fatigue of the alpha gamma duplex stainless steel

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jenčuš, Peter; Polák, Jaroslav; Lukáš, Petr; Muránsky, O.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 385, SI-Part 1 (2006), s. 597-599. ISSN 0378-4363 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505; CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : neutron diffraction Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  4. In situ neutron diffraction study of the low cycle fatigue of the alpha-gamma duplex stainless steel

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lukáš, Petr; Muránsky, Ondrej; Polák, Jaroslav; Jenčuš, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 2 (2006), s. 357-362. ISSN 0044-2968 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA1048107; GA AV ČR IAA2041201; GA ČR GA202/03/0891 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505; CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : neutron diffraction * fatique * duplex steel Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.897, year: 2006

  5. Study of weak interactions with triangle J = Oβ decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The β-γ angular correlation for the decay of 20Na and 20F to the 1.633 MeV state of 20Ne has been measured using a twenty-detector system of cylindrical symmetry. 20Na was produced by the 20Ne(p,n)20Na reaction using the 19 MeV proton beam, and 20F was produced by the reaction 19F(d,p)20F using SF6 gas and 4 MeV deuterons. The activated gases were continuously transferred from the target cell into the source cell, in the center of the correlation apparatus, through a thin capillary. Two γ detectors and sixteen β detector telescopes allowed for the simultaneous measurements of β-γ coincidences at 0 degree, 25 degree, 45 degree, 65 degree, 90 degree, 115 degree, 135 degree, 155 degree, and 180 degree and at their symmetric counterparts with respect to the 0 degree-180 degree direction. The β-γ correlation was also measured for the first-forbidden β- decay of 124Sb, in order to confirm the computed attenuation in measured anisotropy caused by the finite geometry of the detectors and the source cell. The correlation function is denoted by W±[θβ-γ] = 1 + A[p/E]cosΘβ-γ + B±[E][p/E]2cos2θβ-γ. The ± subscripts refer to electron or positron decay, p if the beta momentum, and E is the positron total energy. A arises from relativistic kinematics and can be calculable. The present results for 20Na(β,γ) correlation is B-[E] = [-4.45 ±0.31] x 10-3 E + [1.87 ± 0.44] x 10-4 E2

  6. Study of inelastic decay of amplitudes in 49V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inelastic decay amplitudes from d-wave resonances in 49V were obtained for 80 resonances in the proton energy range 2.2 to 3.1 MeV. With the 3 MV Van de Graaff accelerator and high resolution system at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, an overall resolution of 350 eV was obtained. The experiment consisted of measurements of the angular distributions of the inelastically scattered protons and the subsequent deexcitation gamma rays. Forty five resonances were assigned J/sup π/ = 5/2+, while thirty five resonances were assigned 3/2+. The magnitudes of three inelastic decay amplitudes and the relative signs between these three amplitudes were determined. Large amplitude correlations were observed; the data are in the striking disagreement with the extreme statistical model. The present results provide the first explicit test of the multivariate reduced width amplitude distribution of Krieger and Porter; the agreement is excellent. The physical origin of these channel correlations has not yet been explained

  7. Study of beauty hadron decays into pairs of charm hadrons

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adeva, Bernardo; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Balagura, Vladislav; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Bauer, Thomas; Bay, Aurelio; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; van den Brand, Johannes; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Callot, Olivier; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Caponio, Francesco; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carranza-Mejia, Hector; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coca, Cornelia; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cukierman, Aviv; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dorothy, Connor; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farry, Stephen; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Giani', Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gordon, Hamish; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hartmann, Thomas; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jezabek, Marek; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanciotti, Elisa; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Guoming; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Longstaff, Ian; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lowdon, Peter; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Manzali, Matteo; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Moran, Dermot; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Muresan, Raluca; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Powell, Andrew; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Alexander; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Roa Romero, Diego; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruffini, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Sabatino, Giovanni; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sapunov, Matvey; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Senderowska, Katarzyna; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spinella, Franco; Spradlin, Patrick; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teodorescu, Eliza; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Webber, Adam Dane; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wu, Suzhi; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    First observations of the decays $\\Lambda_b^0 \\to \\Lambda_c^+ D_{(s)}^-$ are reported using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3\\,{\\rm fb}^{-1}$ collected at 7 and 8 TeV center-of-mass energy in proton-proton collisions with the LHCb detector. In addition, the most precise measurement of the branching fraction ${\\mathcal{B}(B_s^0 \\to D^+D_s^-)}$ is made and a search is performed for the decays $B^0_{(s)} \\to \\Lambda_c^+ \\Lambda_c^-$. The results obtained are \\begin{eqnarray*} \\mathcal{B}(\\Lambda_b^0 \\to \\Lambda_c^+ D^-)/\\mathcal{B}(\\Lambda_b^0 \\to \\Lambda_c^+ D_{s}^-) &=& 0.042 \\pm 0.003({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.003({\\rm syst}),\\\\ \\left[\\frac{\\mathcal{B}(\\Lambda_b^0 \\to \\Lambda_c^+ D_{s}^-)}{\\mathcal{B}({\\kern 0.2em}\\overline{\\kern -0.2em B}_d^0 \\to D^+D_s^-)}\\right]\\big/\\left[\\frac{\\mathcal{B}(\\Lambda_b^0 \\to \\Lambda_c^+\\pi^-)}{\\mathcal{B}({\\kern 0.2em}\\overline{\\kern -0.2em B}_d^0 \\to D^+\\pi^-)}\\right] &=& 0.96 \\pm 0.02({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.06({\\rm syst}),\\\\ \\mathcal{B}(B_s^0 \\to D...

  8. Theoretical studies of 8He β-decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigorenko, L. V.; Shul'gina, N. B.; Zhukov, M. V.

    1996-02-01

    According to selection rules the β-decay of 8He 0 g.s.+ to the first excited 1 +, 0.98 MeV state of 8Li is an allowed Gamow-Teller transition, but it is strongly suppressed by the different SU(4) spin-isospin structure of the 8He and 8Li states. We find that a three-body α + t + n model of 8Li strongly underestimates the probability for β-decay (to the 8Li (0.98) state, 7Li + n continuum and α + t + n continuum). A qualitative explanation of total BGT values, extracted from experiment, to different 1 + states can be given supposing an admixture of a "democratic" α + 4N configuration in the 8Li wave functions. We show that the experimental β-delayed neutron spectrum provides some evidence for the existence of 1 - and/or 2 - states in the vicinity of the two-body 7Li + n and 7Li ∗(0.47) + n thresholds. Using the phase volume approximation to the analysis of the triton spectrum, the position of the Gamow-Teller resonance (Halo Analogue state) is estimated between 8.5 and 8.8 MeV excitation energy in the 8Li spectrum. One of the possibilities to excite this state could be the 6Li( 6He,α) 8He ∗ reaction.

  9. Observation and study of the decay KL→ π0γγ with NA31 experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The origins of CP violation is one of the unsolved problems of the Standard Model which describes the interactions of elementary particles. The goal of the NA31 experiment, installed at CERN, was to study CP violation in neutral kaon decays. Meanwhile searches for rare kaon decays among the very large amount of data accumulated on tapes proved to be a very interesting opportunity. This thesis reports the first observation of the decay KL → π0 γγ. The first chapter presents theoretical motivations. The approach of chiral perturbation theory to describe strong interaction and the predictions for the searched decay mode are presented. The contribution of this decay mode to the channel KL → π0e+e- is studied to investigate the possibilities to observe there the direct CP violation. The chapter II describes the detectors, with emphasis on the electromagnetic calorimeter which performances are essential for our analysis. The background being a priori very important, the simulation of such events was treated in details. The results of the simulation are compared with data in the chapter III. The chapter IV discusses the selection criteria defined and optimized with the simulated events. Within all cuts, we have observed for the first time the decay mode KL → π0 γγ: 42 signal events with only 5 estimated background events. The measurement of the decay parameters and their theoretical implications are presented in the last chapter

  10. Beta decay studies of r-process nuclei at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory

    CERN Document Server

    Pereira, J; Arndt, O; Becerril, A; Elliot, T; Estrade, A; Galaviz, D; Hennrich, S; Hosmer, P; Kessler, R; Kratz, K L; Lorusso, G; Mantica, P F; Matos, M; Montes, F; Santi, P; Pfeiffer, B; Quinn, M; Schatz, H; Schertz, F; Schnorrenberger, L; Smith, E; Tomlin, B E; Walters, W; Wöhr, A

    2009-01-01

    The impact of nuclear physics on astrophysical r-process models is discussed, emphasizing the importance of beta-decay properties of neutron-rich nuclei. Several r-process motivated beta-decay experiments performed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory are presented. The experiments include the measurement of beta-decay half-lives and neutron emission probabilities of nuclei in regions around Ni-78; Se-90; Zr-106 and Rh-120, as well as spectroscopic studies of Pd-120. A summary on the different experimental techniques employed, data analysis, results and impact on model calculations is presented.

  11. New CKM-related studies on b decays in the DELPHI experiment at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Mitaroff, Winfried A

    2003-01-01

    The e-e+ collider LEP, running at sqrt{s} = m(Z0), has been a copious source of b-hadrons produced in decays Z0 -> b \\b. We present recent studies using up to 4*10^6 hadronic Z0 decays acquired by the DELPHI detector between 1992 and 2000. They rely on efficient particle identification, precise track and vertex reconstruction and sophisticated data analysis algorithms. Presented are: a new measurement of the CKM matrix element |V_cb| in the semileptonic exclusive decays B0_d -> D*+ l- \

  12. Study of Beauty Hadron Decays into Pairs of Charm Hadrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaij, R.; Abba, A.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; An, L.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Borsato, M.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Caponio, F.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Cassina, L.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Corvo, M.; Counts, I.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Cruz Torres, M.; Cukierman, A. R.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorigo, M.; Dorothy, C.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Esen, S.; Evans, T.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Firlej, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fiutowski, T.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Fu, J.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gambetta, S.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gavardi, L.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gianelle, A.; Giani', S.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Gotti, C.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Han, X.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Henry, L.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jalocha, J.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jezabek, M.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kelsey, M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Khurewathanakul, C.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Kolpin, M.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Langhans, B.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.

    2014-05-01

    First observations of the decays Λb0→Λc+D(s)- are reported using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1 collected at 7 and 8 TeV center-of-mass energies in proton-proton collisions with the LHCb detector. In addition, the most precise measurement of the branching fraction B(Bs0→D+Ds-) is made and a search is performed for the decays B(s)0→Λc+Λc-. The results obtained are B(Λb0→Λc+D-)/B(Λb0→Λc+Ds-)=0.042±0.003(stat)±0.003(syst),[B(Λ/b0→Λc+Ds-)B(B ¯0→D+Ds-)] /[B(Λ/b0→Λc+π-)B(B ¯0→D+π-)]=0.96±0.02(stat)±0.06(syst),B(Bs0→D+Ds-)/B(B ¯0→D+Ds-)=0.038±0.004(stat)±0.003(syst),B(B ¯0→Λc+Λc-)/B(B ¯0→D+Ds-)<0.0022[95% C.L.],B(Bs0→Λc+Λc-)/B(Bs0→D+Ds-)<0.30[95% C.L.].Measurement of the mass of the Λb0 baryon relative to the B ¯0 meson gives M(Λb0)-M(B ¯0)=339.72±0.24(stat)±0.18(syst) MeV /c2. This result provides the most precise measurement of the mass of the Λb0 baryon to date.

  13. Study of the Decay τ-→2π -π+ 3π0ντ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay τ-→2π-π+ 3π0ντ has been studied with the CLEOII detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. The branching fraction is measured to be (2.85±0.56±0.51)x10-4 . The result is in good agreement with the isospin expectation but somewhat below the conserved-vector-current prediction. We have searched for resonance substructure in the decay. Within the statistical precision, the decay is saturated by the channels τ-→π-2π0 ωντ , 2π-π+ηντ , and π-2π0ηντ . This is the first observation of this ω decay mode and the branching fraction is measured to be (1.89+0.74-0.67±0.40) x10-4 . copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  14. Study of charged kaon production in three-prong tau decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hao Wei

    1996-02-01

    This thesis presents the measurement of kaon production in 3-prong {tau} decays. The data sample of Z{sup 0} events is used that was recorded with the DELPHI detector at LEP in 1992, 1993 and 1994. Charged kaons in the {tau} decay are identified on a track-by-track basis using the Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector (RICH). The branching ratios of {tau}{sup -}{yields}K{sup -}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} (neutrals) {nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} (neutrals) {nu}{sub {tau}} are determined. The resonance structure of these two decays is studied. Evidence for a simple QCD process of kaon pair production in {tau} decay is discussed. (orig.).

  15. A detection system for charged-particle decay studies with a continuous-implantation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, L. J.; Xu, X. X.; Lin, C. J.; Wang, J. S.; Fang, D. Q.; Li, Z. H.; Wang, Y. T.; Li, J.; Yang, L.; Ma, N. R.; Wang, K.; Zang, H. L.; Wang, H. W.; Li, C.; Shi, C. Z.; Nie, M. W.; Li, X. F.; Li, H.; Ma, J. B.; Ma, P.; Jin, S. L.; Huang, M. R.; Bai, Z.; Wang, J. G.; Yang, F.; Jia, H. M.; Zhang, H. Q.; Liu, Z. H.; Bao, P. F.; Wang, D. X.; Yang, Y. Y.; Zhou, Y. J.; Ma, W. H.; Chen, J.

    2015-12-01

    A new detection system with high detection efficiency and low detection threshold has been developed for charged-particle decay studies, including β-delayed proton, α decay or direct proton emission from proton-rich nuclei. The performance was evaluated by using the β-delayed proton emitter 24Si produced by projectile fragmentation at the First Radioactive Ion Beam Line in Lanzhou. Under a continuous-beam mode, the isotopes of interest were implanted into two double-sided silicon strip detectors, where the subsequent decays were measured and correlated to the preceding implantations by using position and time information. The system allows us to measure protons with energies down to about 200 keV without obvious β background in the proton spectrum. Further application of the detection system can be extended to the measurements of β-delayed proton decay and the direct proton emission of more exotic proton-rich nuclei.

  16. Study of ground and excited state decays in N ≈ Z Ag nuclei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moschner K.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A decay spectroscopy experiment was performed within the EURICA campaign at RIKEN in 2012. It aimed at the isomer and particle spectroscopy of excited states and ground states in the mass region below the doubly magic 100Sn. The N = Z nuclei 98In, 96Cd and 94Ag were of particular interest for the present study. Preliminary results on the neutron deficient nuclei 93Ag and 94Ag are presented. In 94Ag a more precise value for the half-life of the ground state’s superallowed Fermi transition was deduced. In addition the energy spectra of the mentioned decay could be reproduced through precise Geant4 simulations of the used active stopper SIMBA. This will enable us to extract Qβ values from the measured data. The decay of 93Ag is discussed based on the observed implantation-decay correlation events.

  17. Study on branching ratios and direct CP asymmetries of D → PV decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the non-leptonic two-body decays of D mesons decaying into one pseudoscalar meson (P) and one vector meson (V) in the factorization-assisted topological-amplitude approach. In this approach, the decay amplitudes are factorized into two parts, the short-distance contribution (Wilson coefficients) and the long-distance contribution (hadronic matrix elements). We predict the branching ratios of D → PV decays using a global fit with the non-perturbative parameters. Our results agree well with the experimental data. We also predict the direct CP asymmetries by combining short-distance dynamics associated with penguin operators and long-distance hadronic matrix elements determined by branching ratios. The large asymmetries in D+ → π+ρ0 and Ds+ → K+φ may be measurable in the LHCb and future Belle II experiments. (author)

  18. Spent fuel dissolution test including dissolver off-gas treatment in the NUCEF (Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Facility) alpha-gamma cell: Spent fuels with burnups up to 44 GWDT-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spent fuel dissolution test was carried out to study the dissolution behavior of nuclides and the behavior of volatile nuclides, using a bench-scale reprocessing test rig in the NUCEF alpha-gamma cell. 29 and 44 GWdt-1 spen fuels were respectively dissolved. Study on the dissolution behavior showed that the dissolution rate of uranium and plutonium were similar. Also, other species: Cesium, Americium, Strontium and Neodymium were found to dissolve in the similar manor to uranium. The fraction of Mo dissolved was found to decrease during the dissolution. Zirconium molybdate (Zr(Mo2O7)(OH)2(H2O)2) was identified from the XRD pattern of residue in the 29 GWdt-1 spent fuel dissolution. Those results suggested the precipitation of the hydrate during dissolution. As for the iodine-129 removal, decontamination factor of AGS (silica-gel impregnated with silver nitrate) column was more than 36,000. Measurement of iodine-129 in the dissolver solution revealed that less than 0.57% of total iodine-129 generated, which was estimated by ORIGEN II calculation, was remained in the dissolver solution. Also, measurement of iodine-129 by an iodine-stripping operation from dissolver solution using potassium iodate suggested that another 2.72% of total iodine-129 precipitated as iodide. In addition, about 70% of total iodine generated was measured in the AGS columns. Rest of iodine-129 was supposed to adsorb to the HEPA filter and the inner surface of dissolver off-gas lines. Those results on iodine-129 distribution were found to be almost identical to the results obtained in the study using iodine-131 as tracer. Release of carbon-14 as carbon dioxide during dissolution was found to occur when the release of Kr-85. From the measurement of carbon-14, initial nitrogen-14 concentration in the fuel was estimated to be about several ppms, which was within the range reported. (author)

  19. Study of the Fission Decay of Heavy Hypernuclei

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of the original experiment PS177 was to produce heavy hypernuclei using the annihilation at rest of antiprotons in heavy targets, and to measure their lifetime. \\\\ \\\\ Lambda hyperons can be produced, within a nucleus, in a 2-step process: p@*~@A~K&bar.K~+~X; &bar.KN~@A~@L@p; or in a direct 3-body interaction: @*NN~@A~K|+@L. In the first case, the kinematical conditions favour recoilless lambda with, consequently, a higher probability of attachment to the nucleus. In a heavy nucleus the lambda-hyperon decays weakly according to: @LN~@A~NN, and the &prop.170~MeV energy released induces fission.\\\\ \\\\ The identification of the hypernuclei and their lifetime measurements were performed through the detection of delayed fission using the recoil-distance-method (suitable for lifetimes in the expected region @=10|-|1|0s). The fission fragments were detected by parallel-plate avalanche counters. \\\\ \\\\ The new proposal aims at i) increasing the accuracy of the measured lifetimes, ii) having a str...

  20. Study of Resonances in Exclusive B Decays to Dbar(*)D(*)K

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo,M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We present a study of resonances in exclusive decays of $B$ mesons to $\\bar{D}^{(*)} D^{(*)} K$. We report the observation of the decays $B \\to \\bar{D}^{(*)} D^+_{s1}(2536)$ where the $D^+_{s1}(2536)$ is reconstructed in the $D^{*0}K^+$ and $D^{*+} K^0_S$ decay channels. We report also the observation of the decays $B \\to \\psi(3770) K$ where the $\\psi(3770)$ decays to $\\bar{D}^0 D^0$ and $D^-D^+$. In addition, we present the observation of an enhancement for the $\\bar{D}^{*0}D^0$ invariant mass in the decays $B \\to \\bar{D}^{*0}D^0K$, at a mass of $(3875.1 \\pm 1.1 \\pm 0.5)$ MeV/$c^2$ with a width of $(3.0 {}^{+4.6}_{-2.3} \\pm 0.9)$ MeV (the first errors are statistical and the second are systematic). Branching fractions and spin studies are shown for the three resonances. The results are based on 347 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II $B$ factory.

  1. Study of B-Meson Decays to Final States with a Single Charm Baryon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Majewski, Stephanie A. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    2007-08-01

    A study of B-meson decays to final states with a single charm baryon is presented based on data recorded by the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Although the B meson is the lightest bottom-flavored meson, it is heavy enough to decay to a baryon made of three quarks and an antibaryon made of three antiquarks. By studying the baryonic weak decays of the B meson, we can investigate baryon production mechanisms in heavy meson decays. In particular, we measure the rates of the decays B- → Λ+c$\\bar{p}$π- and $\\bar{B}$0 → Λ+c$\\bar{p}$. Comparing these rates, we confirm an observed trend in baryonic B decays that the decay with the lower energy release, B- → Λ+c$\\bar{p}$π-, is favored over $\\bar{B}$0 → Λ+c$\\bar{p}$. The dynamics of the baryon-antibaryon (Λ+c$\\bar{p}$) system in the three-body decay also provide insight into baryon-antibaryon production mechanisms. The B- → Λ+c$\\bar{p}$π- system is a laboratory for searches for excited #c baryon states; we observe the resonant decays B- → Σc(2455) 0$\\bar{p}$ and B- → Σc(2800) 0$\\bar{p}$. This is the first observation of the decay B- → Σc(2800) 0$\\bar{p}$; however, the mass of the observed #c(2800)0 state is inconsistent with previous measurements. Finally, we examine the angular distribution of the B- → Σc(2455) 0$\\bar{p}$ decays and measure the spin of the B- → Σc(2455) 0$\\bar{p}$ baryon to be J = 1/2, as predicted by the quark model.

  2. Study of the D^0 \\to pi^-pi^+pi^-pi^+ decay

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Alimonti, G; Anjos, J C; Arena, V; Barberis, S; Bediaga, I; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Boschini, M; Butler, J N; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Castromonte, C; Cawlfield, C; Cerutti, A; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Cho, K; Chung, Y S; Cinquini, L; Cuautle, E; Cumalat, J P; D'Angelo, P; Davenport, T F; De Miranda, J M; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Dos Reis, A C; Edera, L; Engh, D; Erba, S; Fabbri, F L; Frisullo, V; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Gardner, R; Garren, L A; Gianini, G; Gottschalk, E; Göbel, C; Handler, T; Hernández, H; Hosack, M; Inzani, P; Johns, W E; Kang, J S; Kasper, P H; Kim, D Y; Ko, B R; Kreymer, A E; Kryemadhi, A; Kutschke, R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Leveraro, F; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Luiggi, E; López, A M; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Malvezzi, S; Massafferri, A; Menasce, D; Merlo, M M; Mezzadri, M; Mitchell, R; Moroni, L; Méndez, H; Nehring, M; O'Reilly, B; Otalora, J; Pantea, D; Paris, A; Park, H; Pedrini, D; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Quinones, J; Rahimi, A; Ramírez, J E; Ratti, S P; Reyes, M; Riccardi, C; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Segoni, I; Sheaff, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vaandering, E W; Vitulo, P; Vázquez, F; Wang, M; Webster, M; Wilson, J R; Wiss, J; Yager, P M; Zallo, A; Zhang, Y

    2007-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present new measurements for the Cabibbo-suppressed decay mode $D^0 \\to \\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^+$. We measure the branching ratio $\\Gamma(D^0 \\to\\pi^+\\pi^- \\pi^+\\pi^-)/\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^+) = 0.0914 \\pm 0.0018 \\pm 0.0022$. An amplitude analysis has been performed, a first for this channel, in order to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. The dominant component is the decay $D^0 \\to a_1(1260)^+ \\pi^-$, accounting for 60% of the decay rate. The second most dominant contribution comes from the decay $D^0 \\to \\rho(770)^0\\rho(770)^0$, with a fraction of 25%. We also study the $a_1(1260)$ line shape and resonant substructure. Using the helicity formalism for the angular distribution of the decay $D^0 \\to \\rho(770)^0\\rho(770)^0$, we measure a longitudinal polarization of $P_L = (71 \\pm 4\\pm 2)$%.

  3. Total and partial cross sections of the $^{112}$Sn($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{116}$Te reaction measured via in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Netterdon, L; Scholz, P; Zilges, A

    2015-01-01

    An extended database of experimental data is needed to address uncertainties of the nuclear-physics input parameters for Hauser-Feshbach calculations. Especially $\\alpha$+nucleus optical model potentials at low energies are not well known. The in-beam technique with an array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors was successfully applied to the measurement of absolute cross sections of an ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) reaction on a heavy nucleus at sub-Coulomb energies. The total and partial cross-section values were measured by means of in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy. Total and partial cross sections were measured at four different $\\alpha$-particle energies from $E_\\alpha = 10.5$ MeV to $E_\\alpha = 12$ MeV. The measured total cross-section values are in excellent agreement with previous results obtained with the activation technique, which proves the validity of the applied method. The experimental data was compared to Hauser-Feshbach calculations using the nuclear reaction code TALYS. A modified version of the...

  4. Recent status of the studies of nuclear masses and {beta}-decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamada, Masami [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Advanced Research Center for Science and Engineering

    1996-05-01

    The recent status of the above studies was explained, especially, nuclear masses were described from the aspect of probability theory and that of {beta}-decay suggested that the first forbidden transition was hindered between the ground states. We have to study various systematics in order to know the mass surface, Way-Yamada-Matumoto type systematics is better to check the experimental nuclear masses. The gross theory is very useful to understand the general aspect of {beta}-decay. The understanding method of mass surface, systematic check of mass and hindrance of the first forbidden transition at rank 1 were explained. (S.Y.)

  5. Decay kinetics of nicotine/NNK-DNA adducts in vivo studied by accelerator mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay kinetics of nicotine-DNA adducts and NNK-DNA adducts in mice liver after single dosing was studied by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The decay is characterized by a two-stage process. The half-lives of nicotine-DNA adducts are 1.3 d (4-24 h) and 7.0 d (1-21 d), while for NNK-DNA adducts are 0.7 d (4-24 h) and 18.0 d (1-21 d). The relatively faster decay of nicotine-DNA adducts suggests that the genotoxicity of nicotine is weaker than that of NNK. The in vitro study shows that the metabolization of nicotine is necessary for the final formation of nicotine-DNA adducts, and nicotine Δ1'(5') iminium ion is a probable metabolite species that binds to DNA molecule covalently

  6. Study of nucleon decay and related high energy physics. Progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the past year we have completed and published several measurements on underground physics topics, carried out extensive apparatus development work on the components for a new nucleon decay detector and a massive magnetic monopole detector, and have studied the problems involved in the successful execution of these experiments. In Section I, we summarize our published results; in Section II, we discuss our results on n-anti n conversion; in Section III, we discuss monopole catalysis of nucleon decay. In Section IV, we discuss the alternate approaches to studying nucleon decay, and attempt to motivate and justify our liquid scintillator approach described in Section V. Finally, in Section VI, we describe the Homestake Large Area Liquid Scintillation Detector, which will serve as a prototype for the full-scale 1406-ton Liquid Scintillation Tracking Spectrometer, and will provide physics results on GUTs monopoles, cosmic ray muons, and neutrinos

  7. Decay Studies of 238U Fission Products at the HRIBF (Oak Ridge)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview of decay studies of neutron-rich nuclei performed at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is given. Examples are presented of impact of HRIBF results on nuclear structure, astrophysics and applied studies

  8. The use of a velocity filter in α-decay studies of microsecond radioactivities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new method of studying microsecond radioactivities of evaporation residues produced by heavy-ion reactions is described. Forward recoiling products were separated from the beam particles by using a velocity filter and implanted into a Si(Au) detector. Their subsequent α decays were then studied with the same detector. (orig.)

  9. Study of the decay asymmetry parameter and CP violation parameter in the Lambda(c)+ ---> Lambda pi+ decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; dos Reis, A.C.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Carrillo, S.; Casimiro, E.; Cuautle, E.; Sanchez-Hernandez, A.; Uribe, C.; Vazquez, F.; /CINVESTAV, IPN; Agostino, L.; Cinquini, L.; Cumalat,; /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /North Carolina U. /Pavia U. /INFN,

    2005-09-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the weak decay-asymmetry parameter a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} in {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Lambda}{pi}{sup +} decay. Comparing particle with antiparticle decays, we obtain the first measurement of the CP violation parameter {Alpha} {triple_bond} a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} + a{sub {ovr {Lambda}{sub c}}}/a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} - a{sub {ovr {Lambda}{sub c}}}. We obtain a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} = -0.78 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.13 and {Alpha} = -0.07 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.12 where errors are statistical and systematic.

  10. Studies of beauty baryon decays to D0ph- and Λc+h- final states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Adrover, C.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Cruz Torres, M.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Dogaru, M.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorosz, P.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; van Eijk, D.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garosi, P.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Hafkenscheid, T. W.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hicks, E.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Huse, T.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Luppi, E.; Lupton, O.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Mancinelli, G.; Maratas, J.; Marconi, U.; Marino, P.; Märki, R.; Marks, J.; Martellotti, G.; Martens, A.; Martín Sánchez, A.; Martinelli, M.; Martinez Santos, D.; Martins Tostes, D.; Martynov, A.; Massafferri, A.; Matev, R.; Mathe, Z.; Matteuzzi, C.; Maurice, E.; Mazurov, A.; McCann, M.; McCarthy, J.; McNab, A.; McNulty, R.; McSkelly, B.; Meadows, B.; Meier, F.; Meissner, M.; Merk, M.; Milanes, D. A.; Minard, M.-N.; Molina Rodriguez, J.; Monteil, S.; Moran, D.; Morawski, P.; Mordà, A.; Morello, M. J.; Mountain, R.; Mous, I.; Muheim, F.; Müller, K.; Muresan, R.; Muryn, B.; Muster, B.; Naik, P.; Nakada, T.; Nandakumar, R.; Nasteva, I.; Needham, M.; Neubert, S.; Neufeld, N.; Nguyen, A. D.; Nguyen, T. D.; Nguyen-Mau, C.; Nicol, M.; Niess, V.; Niet, R.; Nikitin, N.; Nikodem, T.; Nomerotski, A.; Novoselov, A.; Oblakowska-Mucha, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Oggero, S.; Ogilvy, S.; Okhrimenko, O.; Oldeman, R.; Onderwater, G.; Orlandea, M.; Otalora Goicochea, J. M.; Owen, P.; Oyanguren, A.; Pal, B. K.; Palano, A.; Palutan, M.; Panman, J.; Papanestis, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pappalardo, L.; Parkes, C.; Parkinson, C. J.; Passaleva, G.; Patel, G. D.; Patel, M.; Patrignani, C.; Pavel-Nicorescu, C.; Pazos Alvarez, A.; Pearce, A.; Pellegrino, A.; Penso, G.; Pepe Altarelli, M.; Perazzini, S.; Perez Trigo, E.; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A.; Perret, P.; Perrin-Terrin, M.; Pescatore, L.; Pesen, E.; Pessina, G.; Petridis, K.; Petrolini, A.; Picatoste Olloqui, E.; Pietrzyk, B.; Pilař, T.; Pinci, D.; Playfer, S.; Plo Casasus, M.; Polci, F.; Polok, G.; Poluektov, A.; Polycarpo, E.; Popov, A.; Popov, D.; Popovici, B.; Potterat, C.; Powell, A.; Prisciandaro, J.; Pritchard, A.; Prouve, C.; Pugatch, V.; Puig Navarro, A.; Punzi, G.; Qian, W.; Rachwal, B.; Rademacker, J. H.; Rakotomiaramanana, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Raniuk, I.; Rauschmayr, N.; Raven, G.; Redford, S.; Reichert, S.; Reid, M. M.; dos Reis, A. C.; Ricciardi, S.; Richards, A.; Rinnert, K.; Rives Molina, V.; Roa Romero, D. A.; Robbe, P.; Roberts, D. A.; Rodrigues, A. B.; Rodrigues, E.; Rodriguez Perez, P.; Roiser, S.; Romanovsky, V.; Romero Vidal, A.; Rotondo, M.; Rouvinet, J.; Ruf, T.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, H.; Ruiz Valls, P.; Sabatino, G.; Saborido Silva, J. J.; Sagidova, N.; Sail, P.; Saitta, B.; Salustino Guimaraes, V.; Sanmartin Sedes, B.; Santacesaria, R.; Santamarina Rios, C.; Santovetti, E.; Sapunov, M.; Sarti, A.; Satriano, C.; Satta, A.; Savrie, M.; Savrina, D.; Schiller, M.; Schindler, H.; Schlupp, M.; Schmelling, M.; Schmidt, B.; Schneider, O.; Schopper, A.; Schune, M.-H.; Schwemmer, R.; Sciascia, B.; Sciubba, A.; Seco, M.; Semennikov, A.; Senderowska, K.; Sepp, I.; Serra, N.; Serrano, J.; Seyfert, P.; Shapkin, M.; Shapoval, I.; Shcheglov, Y.; Shears, T.; Shekhtman, L.; Shevchenko, O.; Shevchenko, V.; Shires, A.; Silva Coutinho, R.; Sirendi, M.; Skidmore, N.; Skwarnicki, T.; Smith, N. A.; Smith, E.; Smith, E.; Smith, J.; Smith, M.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Soler, F. J. P.; Soomro, F.; Souza, D.; Souza De Paula, B.; Spaan, B.; Sparkes, A.; Spradlin, P.; Stagni, F.; Stahl, S.; Steinkamp, O.; Stevenson, S.; Stoica, S.; Stone, S.; Storaci, B.; Stracka, S.; Straticiuc, M.; Straumann, U.; Subbiah, V. K.; Sun, L.; Sutcliffe, W.; Swientek, S.; Syropoulos, V.; Szczekowski, M.; Szczypka, P.; Szilard, D.; Szumlak, T.; T'Jampens, S.; Teklishyn, M.; Tellarini, G.; Teodorescu, E.; Teubert, F.; Thomas, C.; Thomas, E.; van Tilburg, J.; Tisserand, V.; Tobin, M.; Tolk, S.; Tomassetti, L.; Tonelli, D.; Topp-Joergensen, S.; Torr, N.; Tournefier, E.; Tourneur, S.; Tran, M. T.; Tresch, M.; Tsaregorodtsev, A.; Tsopelas, P.; Tuning, N.; Ubeda Garcia, M.; Ukleja, A.; Ustyuzhanin, A.; Uwer, U.; Vagnoni, V.; Valenti, G.; Vallier, A.; Vazquez Gomez, R.; Vazquez Regueiro, P.; Vázquez Sierra, C.; Vecchi, S.; Velthuis, J. J.; Veltri, M.; Veneziano, G.; Vesterinen, M.; Viaud, B.; Vieira, D.; Vilasis-Cardona, X.; Vollhardt, A.; Volyanskyy, D.; Voong, D.; Vorobyev, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Voß, C.; Voss, H.; de Vries, J. A.; Waldi, R.; Wallace, C.; Wallace, R.; Wandernoth, S.; Wang, J.; Ward, D. R.; Watson, N. K.; Webber, A. D.; Websdale, D.; Whitehead, M.; Wicht, J.; Wiechczynski, J.; Wiedner, D.; Wiggers, L.; Wilkinson, G.; Williams, M. P.; Williams, M.; Wilson, F. F.; Wimberley, J.; Wishahi, J.; Wislicki, W.; Witek, M.; Wormser, G.; Wotton, S. A.; Wright, S.; Wu, S.; Wyllie, K.; Xie, Y.; Xing, Z.; Yang, Z.; Yuan, X.; Yushchenko, O.; Zangoli, M.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, W. C.; Zhang, Y.; Zhelezov, A.; Zhokhov, A.; Zhong, L.; Zvyagin, A.; LHCb Collaboration

    2014-02-01

    Decays of beauty baryons to the D0ph- and Λc+h- final states (where h indicates a pion or a kaon) are studied using a data sample of pp collisions, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb-1, collected by the LHCb detector. The Cabibbo-suppressed decays Λb0→D0pK- and Λb0→Λc+K- are observed, and their branching fractions are measured with respect to the decays Λb0→D0pπ- and Λb0→Λc+π-. In addition, the first observation is reported of the decay of the neutral beauty-strange baryon Ξb0 to the D0pK- final state, and a measurement of the Ξb0 mass is performed. Evidence of the Ξb0→Λc+K- decay is also reported.

  11. Nuclear-decay studies of neutron-rich rare-earth nuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron-rich rare-earth nuclei were produced in multinucleon transfer reactions of 170Er and 176Yb projectiles on natW targets at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory SuperHILAC and their radioactive decays properties studied at the on-line mass separation facility OASIS. Two unknown isotopes, 169Dy (t 1/2 = 39 ± 8 s) and 174Er(t1/2 = 3.3 ± 0.2 m) were discovered and their decay characteristics determined. The decay schemes for two previously identified isotopes, 168Dy (t1/2 = 8.8 ± 0.3 m) and 171Ho (t1/2 = 55 ± 3 s), were characterized. Evidence for a new isomer of 3.0 m 168Hog, 168Hom (t1/2 = 132 ± 4 s) which decays by isomeric transition (IT) is presented. Beta particle endpoint energies were determined for the decay of 168Hog, 169Dy, 171Ho, and 174Er, the resulting Qβ-values are: 2.93 ± 0.03, 3.2 ± 0.3, 3.2 ± 0.6, and 1.8 ± 0.2 MeV, respectively. These values were compared with values calculated using recent atomic mass formulae. Comparisons of various target/ion source geometries used in the OASIS mass separator facility for these multinucleon transfer reactions were performed. 73 refs., 40 figs., 11 tabs

  12. A study of $B^{0}_{s}$ meson oscillation using hadronic $Z^{0}$ decays containing leptons

    CERN Document Server

    Abbiendi, G; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Altekamp, N; Anderson, K J; Anderson, S; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Ashby, S F; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Bechtluft, J; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Bethke, Siegfried; Betts, S; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Ciocca, C; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Couchman, J; Couyoumtzelis, C; Coxe, R L; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Davis, R; De Jong, S; de Roeck, A; Dervan, P J; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Estabrooks, P G; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanfani, A; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Feld, L; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fleck, I; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Gibson, V; Gibson, W R; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Graham, K; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hajdu, C; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hargrove, C K; Harin-Dirac, M; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hobson, P R; Höcker, Andreas; Hoffman, K; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ishii, K; Jacob, F R; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J I; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Kayal, P I; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kim, D H; Klier, A; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kühl, T; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Liebisch, R; List, B; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, A W; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Lü, J; Ludwig, J; Liu, D; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W F; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Méndez-Lorenzo, P; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pérez-Ochoa, R; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poffenberger, P R; Poli, B; Polok, J; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rembser, C; Rick, Hartmut; Robertson, S; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Roscoe, K; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sang, W M; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schmitt, S; Schöning, A; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Sittler, A; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spagnolo, S; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Steuerer, J; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Surrow, B; Talbot, S D; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomas, J; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Towers, S; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turcot, A S; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Van Kooten, R; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Wagner, A; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; White, J S; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D

    1999-01-01

    A sample of Z decays containing b-flavoured hadrons is tagged using leptons, and events having precise proper time measurements are selected. These events are used to study Bs oscillations. using the lepton to tag the decay b-flavour and jet charge or a second lepton, where available, to determine the produced b-flavour. The flavour (b or b-bar) at decay is determined from the lepton charge while the flavour at production is determined from jet charge or the charge of a second lepton, where available. The experiment was not able to resolve the oscillatory behaviour, and we deduce that the Bs oscillation frequency Delta(ms)> 5.2ps-1 at the 95% confidence level.

  13. Study of \\chi_{bJ}(1P) Properties in the Radiative \\Upsilon(2S) Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Abdesselam, A; Adamczyk, K; Aihara, H; Said, S Al; Arinstein, K; Arita, Y; Asner, D M; Aso, T; Atmacan, H; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Ayad, R; Aziz, T; Babu, V; Badhrees, I; Bahinipati, S; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Ban, Y; Bansal, V; Barberio, E; Barrett, M; Bartel, W; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Behera, P; Belhorn, M; Belous, K; Berger, M; Besson, D; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Biswal, J; Bloomfield, T; Blyth, S; Bobrov, A; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bookwalter, C; Boulahouache, C; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Breibeck, F; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Waheed, E; Červenkov, D; Chang, M -C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Chen, K -F; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Crnkovic, J; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dash, N; Di Carlo, S; Dingfelder, J; Doležal, Z; Dossett, D; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dubey, S; Dutta, D; Dutta, K; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Esen, S; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Feindt, M; Ferber, T; Frey, A; Frost, O; Fulsom, B G; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Ganguly, S; Garmash, A; Getzkow, D; Gillard, R; Giordano, F; Glattauer, R; Goh, Y M; Goldenzweig, P; Golob, B; Greenwald, D; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Grygier, J; Grzymkowska, O; Guo, H; Haba, J; Hamer, P; Han, Y L; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hasegawa, Y; Hasenbusch, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; He, X H; Heck, M; Hedges, M T; Heffernan, D; Heider, M; Heller, A; Higuchi, T; Himori, S; Hirose, S; Horiguchi, T; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou, W -S; Hsiung, Y B; Hsu, C -L; Huschle, M; Hyun, H J; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Imamura, M; Inami, K; Inguglia, G; Ishikawa, A; Itagaki, K; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Iwata, S; Jacobs, W W; Jaegle, I; Jeon, H B; Joffe, D; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Julius, T; Kakuno, H; Kang, J H; Kang, K H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Kato, E; Kato, Y; Katrenko, P; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Keck, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, B H; Kim, D Y; Kim, H J; Kim, H -J; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, S H; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Kleinwort, C; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, N; Koblitz, S; Kodyš, P; Koga, Y; Korpar, S; Kotchetkov, D; Kouzes, R T; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kronenbitter, B; Kuhr, T; Kulasiri, L; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kurihara, E; Kuroki, Y; Kuzmin, A; Kvasnička, P; Kwon, Y -J; Lai, Y -T; Lange, J S; Lee, D H; Lee, I S; Lee, S -H; Leitgab, M; Leitner, R; Levit, D; Lewis, P; Li, C H; Li, H; Li, J; Li, L; Li, X; Li, Y; Gioi, L Li; Libby, J; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liu, Y; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Loos, A; Louvot, R; Lubej, M; Lukin, P; Luo, T; MacNaughton, J; Masuda, M; Matsuda, T; Matvienko, D; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Mikami, Y; Miyabayashi, K; Miyachi, Y; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Mohanty, S; Mohapatra, D; Moll, A; Moon, H K; Mori, T; Morii, T; Moser, H -G; Müller, T; Muramatsu, N; Mussa, R; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakahama, Y; Nakamura, I; Nakamura, K R; Nakano, E; Nakano, H; Nakano, T; Nakao, M; Nakayama, H; Nakazawa, H; Nanut, T; Nath, K J; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Negishi, K; Neichi, K; Ng, C; Niebuhr, C; Niiyama, M; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nitoh, O; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, A; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ono, Y; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Oswald, C; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Pal, B; Palka, H; Panzenböck, E; Park, C -S; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, K S; Paul, S; Peak, L S; Pedlar, T K; Peng, T; Pesántez, L; Pestotnik, R; Peters, M; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Prasanth, K; Prim, M; Prothmann, K; Pulvermacher, C; Purohit, M V; Rauch, J; Reisert, B; Ribežl, E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rorie, J; Rostomyan, A; Rozanska, M; Rummel, S; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Saito, T; Sakai, K; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Sasao, N; Sato, Y; Savinov, V; Schlüter, T; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schönmeier, P; Schram, M; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Schwenker, B; Seidl, R; Seino, Y; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Seong, I S; Sevior, M E; Shang, L; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shen, C P; Shibata, T -A; Shibuya, H; Shinomiya, S; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Singh, J B; Sinha, R; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Soloviev, Y; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Starič, M; Steder, M; Strube, J F; Stypula, J; Sugihara, S; Sugiyama, A; Sumihama, M; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Suzuki, Z; Takeichi, H; Takizawa, M; Tamponi, U; Tanaka, M; Tanaka, S; Tanida, K; Taniguchi, N; Taylor, G N; Tenchini, F; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Trusov, V; Tse, Y F; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uchida, T; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Uozumi, S; Urquijo, P; Ushiroda, Y; Usov, Y; Vahsen, S E; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Vinokurova, A; Vorobyev, V; Vossen, A; Wagner, M N; Waheed, E; Wang, C H; Wang, J; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Wehle, S; White, E; Widmann, E; Wiechczynski, J; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamada, S; Yamamoto, H; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yashchenko, S; Ye, H; Yelton, J; Yook, Y; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, L; Zhilich, V; Zhukova, V; Zhulanov, V; Ziegler, M; Zivko, T; Zupanc, A; Zwahlen, N; Zyukova, O

    2016-01-01

    We report a study of radiative decays of \\chi_{bJ}(1P)(J=0,1,2) mesons into 74 hadronic final states comprising charged and neutral pions, kaons, protons; out of these, 41 modes are observed with at least 5 standard deviation significance. Our measurements not only improve the previous measurements by the CLEO Collaboration but also lead to first observations in many new modes. The large sample allows us to probe the total decay width of the \\chi_{b0}(1P). In the absence of a statistically significant result, a 90% confidence-level upper limit is set on the width at \\Gamma_{total}< 2.4 MeV. Our results are based on 24.7 fb^{-1} of e+e- collision data recorded by the Belle detector at the \\Upsilon(2S) resonance, corresponding to (157.8\\pm3.6)\\times10^6 \\Upsilon(2S) decays.

  14. Study of J/ψ decaying into ωp anti p

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay J/ψ→ωp anti p is studied using a 5.8 x 107 J/ψ event sample accumulated with the BES II detector at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider. The decay branching fraction is measured to be B(J/ψ→ωp anti p)=(9.8±0.3±1.4) x 10-4. No significant enhancement near the pp mass threshold is observed, and an upper limit of B(J/ψ→ωX(1860))B(X(1860)→pp)-5 is determined at the 95% confidence level, where X(1860) designates the near-threshold enhancement seen in the p anti p mass spectrum in J/ψ→γp anti p decays. (orig.)

  15. Study of DO and D+ decays into final states with two or three kaons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II, we have studied Cabibbo-suppressed DO decay modes resulting in the K+K-π+π-final state and two-body DO decay modes with a diameter meson in the final state. The BR(DO →KSOKSOπ+π-) was measured for the first time. We also present a measurement of the D+ →KSOKSOK+ branching ratio. The values are compared with other experimental results and model predictions. (orig.)

  16. The study of rare Bc→Ds,d(∗)ll-macron decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we study rare decays Bc→Ds,d(∗)ll-macron within the Standard Model. The penguin, box, annihilation, color-favored cascade and color-suppressed cascade contributions are included. Based on our calculation, the annihilation and color-favored cascade diagrams play important roles in the differential branching fractions, forward-backward asymmetries, longitudinal polarizations of the final vector mesons and leptonic longitudinal polarization asymmetries. More importantly, color-favored cascade decays largely enhance the resonance cascade contributions. To avoid the resonance cascade contribution pollution, new cutting regions are put forward

  17. Study of the production and decay of 89Mo isomers and 96Pd

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The production and decay of 190-ms 89Mosup(m), 2.15-min 89Mosup(g), 8.2-min 88Mo, and 2.0-min 96Pd have been studied using sources produced at the Maryland Cyclotron. The resulting γ-ray spectra have extended the systematics of the N = 47 and 48 isotones to higher Z and revealed sharp differences between the N = 47 isotones and Z = 47 isotopes. The low-lying 1+ states identified in 96Rh following the decay of 96Pd further supports the hypothesis of strong interaction between protons and neutrons with identical e values. (orig.)

  18. Study on structures and dynamical decay mechanisms for multi-quark systems

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Xuewen; Liu, Xiang; Li, Xue-Qian

    2016-01-01

    The inner structures of the multi-quark states are an interesting subject in hadron physics, generally they may be in tetraquark states which are composed of colored constituents, or in molecular states which are composed of two color singlets, or their mixtures. Therefore, the mechanisms which bind the constituents in a unique system and induce the multi-quark states to decay would be different in those cases. In this work, using the quantum mechanics we analyze the dynamical mechanisms inducing decays of the tetraquarks and the molecular states, where $Y(4630)$ stands as an example for the study.

  19. Study of the 44S structure through its isomeric decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of atomic nucleus aims at improving our knowledge about the nuclear interaction that is responsible for the cohesion in the nucleus. At first, stable nuclei (Z ∼ N) were studied and an expression of the nuclear interaction was derived. At this era, one of the goals was to reproduce unusual properties of the 'magic' nuclei. With the development of accelerators, neutron-rich or deficient nuclei were produced giving the opportunity to study the evolution of nuclear interaction as a function of isospin value. Since the nineties, studies about exotic nuclei with N=28 neutrons have shown that the 'magic' behavior of N=28 vanish far from stability. In particular, 44S (Z=16, N=28) is found to be deformed in its ground state. Theoretically, shell model calculations predict a spherical-deformed shape coexistence whereas a deformed-deformed shape coexistence is predicted from mean field theories. In 2005, a second 0+ state was discovered at low excitation energy confirming the shape coexistence without giving answers about the type of deformations. The goal of the experiment presented here was to characterize this shape coexistence by measuring the reduced transition probability B(E2; 02+ → 21+) and the monopolar transition strength ρ2(E0; 02+ → 01+). An interpretation about 0+ states mixing is suggested from the measured low B(E2; 02+ → 21+) value as well as a comparison with shell model calculations. A low ρ2 value was also measured and compared to systematics. Interpretations in both shell model and geometrical collective model are suggested. (author)

  20. Studies of colour reconnection effects in hadronic W pair decays at LEP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main results obtained from studies of colour reconnection effects in hadronic decays of W pairs produced in e+e- annihilation are reviewed. This includes results on charged particle multiplicity and momentum distributions as well as investigations using a new method based on particle-flow distributions. (author)

  1. Setup for studying kinetics of fluorescence anisotropy decay in biological objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akimov, A.V.; Dem`yanov, G.V.; Kurek, N.K. [Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [and others

    1995-02-01

    A setup for studying the decay of the fluorescence intensity and anisotropy in biological objects, brought into use at an S-60 FIAN synchrotron radiation source, is described. The setup allows one to extend investigations of a spatial structure of biological membranes and lipoproteins. 5 refs., 2 figs.

  2. A study on the decay heat removal capability of a reactor vessel auxiliary cooling system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A reactor vessel auxiliary cooling system (RVACS) is a potential candidate as a fully passive decay heat removal system for small FBRs. In this study the heat transfer performance of a collector with fins is discussed through experiment and the evaluation method is proposed for the heat removal capability of the system. (author)

  3. Modeling study of effects of short-lived radionuclide fixation on decay chain radionuclides migration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohnuki, Toshihiko (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment); Watanabe, Shoji

    1993-08-01

    Effects of a short lived radionuclide fixation to minerals during alteration process from a primary mineral (M1) to tertiary mineral (M3) through secondary mineral (M2) on a decay chain radionuclides migration (DCRM) have been studied based on mathematical simulation studies. The mathematical migration model in which a daughter radionuclide, N[sub 2], corresponds to a short lived radionuclide and is fixed to M2 during alteration from M1 to M2, is proposed. Also, a fraction of the granddaughter radionuclide, N[sub 3], is assumed to be released from M2 into a solution during the alteration process from M2 to M3. The model studies lead the delay in the migration of N[sub 3], with the delay becoming remarkably enhanced if the fixation rate constant of N[sub 2] is greater than the decay constant of N[sub 2]. Whereas, the delay is reduced by the release of N[sub 3] with a faster rate than the decay constant of N[sub 3]. Therefore, it is important clarify decay chain radionuclides fixation and release mechanisms during an alteration process. (author).

  4. Study of J/Ψ(3097) decay towards final states with three or five photons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High statistics studies of J/Ψ(3097) decays are a new way to look at low mass mesons. They give informations about the quark content of already known mesons and they allow the search for gluon bound states predicted by quantum chromodynamics. This work presents results obtained on 8.6 million J/Ψ decays with the DM2 detector at Orsay. The analysis of all neutral decays requires the understanding and optimization of the photon detector, for which a special work has been done. In the three photon state, a new measurement of the branching ratio of the J/Ψ into γπ0 is given, and new limits on the ηc width into two photons and on the direct decay rate into three photons are computed. In the five photon final state, the intermediate state γπ0π0 and γηη are studied. The preceding results, from the single experiment Crystal Ball are confirmed

  5. Plutonium-238 alpha-decay damage study of the ceramic waste form.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank, S M [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Barber, T L [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Cummings, D G [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; DiSanto, T [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Esh, D W [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; Giglio, J J [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Goff, K M [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Johnson, S G [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Kennedy, J R [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Jue, J-F [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Noy, M [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; O' Holleran, T P [U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415; Sinkler, W [UOP LLC, 25 E Algonquin Road, Des Plaines, IL 60017

    2006-03-27

    An accelerated alpha-decay damage study of a glass-bonded sodalite ceramic waste form has recently been completed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical and chemical durability of the waste form after significant exposure to alpha decay. This accelerated alpha-decay study was performed by doping the ceramic waste form with {sup 238}Pu which has a much greater specific activity than {sup 239}Pu that is normally present in the waste form. The alpha-decay dose at the end of the four year study was approximately 1 x 10{sup 18} alpha-decays/gram of material. An equivalent time period for a similar dose of {sup 239}Pu would require approximately 1100 years. After four years of exposure to {sup 238}Pu alpha decay, the investigation observed little change to the physical or chemical durability of the ceramic waste form (CWF). Specifically, the {sup 238}Pu-loaded CWF maintained it's physical integrity, namely that the density remained constant and no cracking or phase de-bonding was observed. The materials chemical durability and phase stability also did not change significantly over the duration of the study. The only significant measured change was an increase of the unit-cell lattice parameters of the plutonium oxide and sodalite phases of the material and an increase in the release of salt components and plutonium of the waste form during leaching tests, but, as mentioned, these did not lead to any overall loss of waste form durability. The principal findings from this study are: (1) {sup 238}Pu-loaded CWF is similar in microstructure and phase composition to referenced waste form. (2) Pu was observed primarily as oxide comprised of aggregates of nano crystals with aggregates ranging in size from submicron to twenty microns in diameter. (3) Pu phases were primarily found in the intergranular glassy regions. (4) PuO phase shows expected unit cell volume expansion due to alpha decay damage of approximately 0.7%, and the sodalite phase unit cell

  6. Study of variants for Monte Carlo generators of τ→3πν decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wąs, Zbigniew; Zaremba, Jakub, E-mail: jakub.zaremba@ifj.edu.pl [Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, Kraków (Poland)

    2015-11-28

    Low energy QCD (below 2 GeV) is a region of resonance dynamics, sometimes lacking a satisfactory description as compared to the precision of available experimental data. Hadronic τ decays offer a probe for such an energy regime. In general, the predictions for decays are model dependent, with parameters fitted to experimental results. The parameterizations differ by the amount of assumptions and theoretical requirements taken into account. Both model distributions and acquired data samples used for the fits are the results of a complex effort. In this paper, we investigate the main parameterizations of τ decay matrix elements for the one- and three-prong channels of three-pion τ decays. The differences in analytical forms of the currents and resulting distributions used for comparison with the experimental data are studied. We use invariant mass spectra of all possible pion pairs and the whole three-pion system. Also three-dimensional histograms spanned over all distinct squared invariant masses are used to represent the results of models and experimental data. We present distributions from TAUOLA Monte Carlo generation and a semi-analytical calculation. These are necessary steps in the development for fitting in an as model-independent way as possible, and to explore multi-million event experimental data samples. This includes the response of distributions to model variants, and/or numerical values of the parameters. The interference effects of the currents’ parts are also studied. For technical purposes, weighted events are introduced. Even though we focus on 3πν{sub τ} modes, technical aspects of our study are relevant for all τ decay modes into three hadrons.

  7. A study of the attachment of thoron decay products to aerosols using an aerosol centrifuge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The physical attachment of radioactive decay products (particulate, not gas) to polydisperse fluorescein aerosal particles in two size ranges 0.1 μM-0.33 μM radius and 0.25 μM-1.35 μM radius has been studied under dynamic conditions with a view to find the fraction of thoron decay products attached to the aerosals and the particle size distribution of the host aerosols in the atmosphere of uranium mines. The experimental set-up and procedure are described. An aerosol cloud of fluorescein was introduced into a reaction chamber containing a steady source of thoron and decay products were allowed to interact and attach to the aerosols in the chamber. To simulate conditions normally encountered in uranium mining and milling operations, the concentration of aerosol particles was kept high as compared to the number of decay products. The Lovelace Aerosol Particle Separator, which is an advanced, continuous centrifugal aerosol separator, was used to sample and separate the tagged aerosols into various size groups. The radioactivity associated with each group was determined. The results show the same dependence of attachment of decay products on the size of aerosol particles as predicted by the diffusion theory proposed by Lassen and Rau (1960), even though the experimental conditions of the present study do not conform to those required to satisfy the above mentioned diffusion theory. The method employed in this work to study attachment is reproducible and simple and can be adopted in uranium and thorium mines and associated processing industries. (M.G.B.)

  8. β-decay studies of the neutron-rich 18,21N isotopes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The β-decay studies of neutron-rich 18,21N isotopes have been performed using β-n, β-γ, and β-n-γ coincidence methods. The 18,21N ions were produced by the fragmentation of the 22Ne and 26Mg beams, respectively, on a thick beryllium target. The time of flight of the emitted neutrons following the β-decay of 18,21N was measured by a neutron detector system with wide energy detection range and low-energy detection threshold. In addition, several clover germanium detectors were used to detect the β-delayed γ-rays. The half-lives of the β-decays of 18N and 21N were determined to be (619±2) ms and (82.9±7.5) ms, respec tively. Several new β-delayed neutron groups were observed with a total branching ratio of (6.98±1.46)% and (90.5±4.2)% for 18N and 21N, respectively. The level schemes of 18O and 21O were deduced. The experimental Gamow-Teller β-decay strengths of 18N and 21N to these levels were compared with the shell model calculations.

  9. Study of octupole deformation in n-rich Ba isotopes populated via $\\beta$-decay

    CERN Multimedia

    We propose to exploit the unique capability of the ISOLDE facility to produce $^{150−151−152}$Cs beams to investigate their radioactive $\\beta$-decay to $^{150−151−152}$Ba. The interest to study this mass region is twofold: from one side these nuclei are expected to show octupole deformations already in their low-lying state, and, on the other hand, gross information on the $\\beta$-decay is highly demanded for nuclear astrophysical model, given the fact that the r-process path lies in the proximity of 1 accessible nuclei. The experiment will be performed with the ISOLDE Decay Station (IDS) setup using the fast tape station of K.U.-Leuven, equipped with 4 Clover Germanium detectors, 4 LaBr$_{3}$(Ce) detectors and 1 LEP HPGe detector. Information on the $\\beta$-decay, such as lifetimes and delayed neutron-emission probabilities, will be extracted, together with the detailed spectroscopy of the daughter nuclei, via $\\gamma-\\gamma$-coincidences and lifetimes measurement of specific states.

  10. Systematic study of the single-state dominance in 2νββ decay transitions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The single-state-dominance hypothesis (SSDH) states that the decay rates of the two-neutrino double-beta decay are governed by a virtual two-step transition connecting the initial and final ground states through the first 1+ state, 1+1, of the intermediate odd-odd nucleus, for those odd-odd nuclei where the 1+1 state is the ground state. To investigate the validity of the SSDH we have performed a systematical theoretical analysis of all known double-beta-decay transitions where the SSDH conditions are fulfilled. The calculations are based on the quasiparticle randon-phase approximation (QRPA) and the results have been obtained by using realistic single-particle bases and realistic interactions. We have studied the double β- decays of 100Mo, 110Pd, 114Cd, 116Cd and 128Te and the double electron-capture transitions in 106Cd and 136Ce. The analysis shows that the SSDH is realized either through a true dominance of the first intermediate 1+ state or by cancellations among the contributions of higher lying 1+ states of the intermediate nucleus

  11. Systematic study of the single-state dominance in 2 nu beta beta decay transitions

    CERN Document Server

    Civitarese, O

    1999-01-01

    The single-state-dominance hypothesis (SSDH) states that the decay rates of the two-neutrino double-beta decay are governed by a virtual two-step transition connecting the initial and final ground states through the first 1 sup + state, 1 sup + sub 1 , of the intermediate odd-odd nucleus, for those odd-odd nuclei where the 1 sup + sub 1 state is the ground state. To investigate the validity of the SSDH we have performed a systematical theoretical analysis of all known double-beta-decay transitions where the SSDH conditions are fulfilled. The calculations are based on the quasiparticle randon-phase approximation (QRPA) and the results have been obtained by using realistic single-particle bases and realistic interactions. We have studied the double beta sup - decays of sup 1 sup 0 sup 0 Mo, sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 Pd, sup 1 sup 1 sup 4 Cd, sup 1 sup 1 sup 6 Cd and sup 1 sup 2 sup 8 Te and the double electron-capture transitions in sup 1 sup 0 sup 6 Cd and sup 1 sup 3 sup 6 Ce. The analysis shows that the SSDH is real...

  12. A study of B meson oscillations using hadronic $Z^0$ decays containing leptons

    CERN Document Server

    Ackerstaff, K; Allison, J; Altekamp, N; Anderson, K J; Anderson, S; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Bartoldus, R; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Bechtluft, J; Beeston, C; Behnke, T; Bell, A N; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Berlich, P; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bird, S D; Blobel, Volker; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bloomer, J E; Bobinski, M; Bock, P; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Bouwens, B T; Braibant, S; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Burgard, C; Bürgin, R; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Clarke, P E L; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallapiccola, C; Dallavalle, G M; De Jong, S; del Pozo, L A; Desch, Klaus; Dixit, M S; do Couto e Silva, E; Doucet, M; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Eatough, D; Edwards, J E G; Estabrooks, P G; Evans, H G; Evans, M; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fischer, H M; Fleck, I; Folman, R; Fong, D G; Foucher, M; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gascon, J; Gascon-Shotkin, S M; Geddes, N I; Geich-Gimbel, C; Geralis, T; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giacomelli, R; Gibson, V; Gibson, W R; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Goodrick, M J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hajdu, C; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Hargrove, C K; Hart, P A; Hartmann, C; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herndon, M; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hillier, S J; Hilse, T; Hobson, P R; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Howard, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ingram, M R; Ishii, K; Jawahery, A; Jeffreys, P W; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Joly, A; Jones, C R; Jones, G; Jones, M; Jost, U; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kirk, J; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Koetke, D S; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Lahmann, R; Lai, W P; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lautenschlager, S R; Layter, J G; Lazic, D; Lee, A M; Lefebvre, E; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Ludwig, J; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Markus, C; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menke, S; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, J; Michelini, Aldo; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mincer, A; Mir, R; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Morii, M; Müller, U; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nellen, B; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Oldershaw, N J; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pálinkás, J; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pearce, M J; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poffenberger, P R; Poli, B; Posthaus, A; Przysiezniak, H; Rees, D L; Rigby, D; Robertson, S; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rooke, A M; Ros, E; Rossi, A M; Rosvick, M; Routenburg, P; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Ruppel, U; Rust, D R; Rylko, R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharf, F; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schenk, P; Schieck, J; Schleper, P; Schmitt, B; Schmitt, S; Schöning, A; Schröder, M; Schultz-Coulon, H C; Schulz, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Sittler, A; Skillman, A; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Springer, R W; Sproston, M; Stephens, K; Steuerer, J; Stockhausen, B; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Szymanski, P; Tafirout, R; Talbot, S D; Tanaka, S; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomson, M A; Von Törne, E; Towers, S; Trigger, I; Tsur, E; Turcot, A S; Turner-Watson, M F; Utzat, P; Van Kooten, R; Verzocchi, M; Vikas, P; Vokurka, E H; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Wagner, A; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wermes, N; White, J S; Wilkens, B; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Yekutieli, G; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D

    1997-01-01

    An event sample enriched in semileptonic decays of b hadrons is selected using an inclusive lepton selection from approximately 3.0 million hadronic Z^0 decays collected with the OPAL detector. This sample is used to investigate B meson oscillations by reconstructing a proper decay time for the parent of each lepton, using a jet charge method to estimate the production flavour of this parent, and using the lepton charge to tag the decay flavour. We measure the mass difference between the two B^0_d mass eigenstates Delta(m_d) = 0.444 +/- 0.029 + 0.020 - 0.017 ps^-1. For the B^0_s system, we find Delta(m_s) > 3.1 ps ^-1 at the 95% confidence level. This limit varies only a little if alternative limit setting approaches are adopted. Regions at higher Delta(m_s) are also excluded with some methods for setting the limit. By studying the charge symmetry of the B^0_d mixing structure, we are able to constrain possible CP and CPT violating effects. We measure the CP violation parameter Re(epsilon_B) = -0.006 +/- 0.01...

  13. The J/psi trigger-tag for study of weak beauty quark decays at the SSC [Superconducting Super Collider

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The weak decays of beauty hadrons offer a unique opportunity at the SSC to study CP violation in a system other than the neutral kaons and provides a long lever arm for searching for new physics if a strategy can be found for triggering on and identifying these decays. We have determined that the decay sequence B → J/psi + X followed by the decay of the J/psi → μ+μ- presents an opportunity to both trigger on and to unambiguously distinguish b anti b events from the total cross section events

  14. (Alpha, gamma) irradiation effect on the alteration of high-level radioactive wastes matrices (UO2, hollandite, glass SON68)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this work is to determine the effect of irradiation on the alteration of high level nuclear waste forms matrices. The matrices investigated are UO2 to simulate the spent fuel, the hollandite for the specific conditioning of Cs, and the inactive glass SON68 representing the nuclear glass R7T7) The alpha irradiation experiments on UO2 colloids in aqueous carbonate media have enabled to distinguish between the oxidation of UO2 matrix as initial and dissolution as subsequent step. The simultaneous presence of carbonate and H2O2 (product resulting from water radiolysis) increased the dissolution rate of UO2 to its maximum value governed by the oxidation rate. ii) The study of hollandite alteration under gamma irradiation confirmed the good retention capacity for Cs and Ba. Gamma irradiation had brought only a little influence on releasing of Cs and Ba in solution. Electronic irradiation had conducted to the amorphization of the hollandite only for a dose 1000 times higher than the auto-induced dose of Ba over millions of years. iii) The experiences of glass irradiation under alpha beam and of helium implantation in the glass SON68 were analyzed by positon annihilation spectroscopy. No effect has been observed on the solid surface for an irradiation dose equal to 1000 years of storage. (author)

  15. An image-intensifier system for the study of rare decay modes of elementary particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Filamentary chamber-image intensifier systems have been developed which yield pictures of charged-particle tracks which are limited in spatial resolution only by the unit filament size, and which exhibit a time-resolution of about one microsecond. This device, used in conjunction with auxiliary particle counters, is well suited to the study of rare decay modes of elementary particles such as, for example, π- and K-mesons. The method employs a filamentary chamber divided into two or more regions. In one of the regions the incident mesons stop and subsequently decay. The other regions are traversed by the decay products. One face of the chamber is viewed by the image-intensifier system afld the opposite face is viewed by photomultiplier tubes, one for each of the separate chamber regions. It is required to trigger the image intensifier systems that a counter telescope, including one of the chamber photomultipliers, indicates that a meson has stopped in the proper region, and also that appropriate delayed coincidences obtain between that stopping event and pulses from the other chamber photomultipliers which indicate the passage of a decay particle. Under these conditions the event is photographed and, in addition, the time sequence of the several counter outputs is available for recording. The system is capable of utilizing a large-incident meson current and accepts decay-product particles over a large solid angle. The counter selection procedure limits the number of photographs necessary to observe a given decay mode and facilitates the extraction of useful data from the photographs that are taken. Such a system, with a two-section chamber 2 in x 2 in, has recently been employed in a measurement of the lifetime of the π+ meson and in a preliminary attempt to observe directly the decay mode, π+ → μ+ + ν + γ. The lifetime measurement was intended mainly to investigate sources of background in this technique in preparation for later experiments, including

  16. B decays

    CERN Document Server

    Stone, Sheldon

    1992-01-01

    The study of b quarks has now reached a stage where it is useful to review what has been learned so far and also to look at the implications of future studies. The most important observations thus far - measurement of the "B" lifetime, B 0 - B 0 mixing, and the observation of b? u transitions, as well as more mundane results on hadronic and semileptonic transitions - are described in detail by experimentalists who have been closely involved with the measurements. Theoretical progress in understanding b quark decays, including the mechanisms of hadronic and semileptonic decays, are described. S

  17. Nuclear-decay studies of neutron-rich rare-earth nuclides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chasteler, R.M. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Chemistry Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

    1990-04-26

    Neutron-rich rare-earth nuclei were produced in multinucleon transfer reactions of {sup 170}Er and {sup 176}Yb projectiles on {sup nat}W targets at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory SuperHILAC and their radioactive decays properties studied at the on-line mass separation facility OASIS. Two unknown isotopes, {sup 169}Dy (t {sub 1/2} {equals} 39 {plus minus} 8 s) and {sup 174}Er(t{sub 1/2} {equals} 3.3 {plus minus} 0.2 m) were discovered and their decay characteristics determined. The decay schemes for two previously identified isotopes, {sup 168}Dy (t{sub 1/2} {equals} 8.8 {plus minus} 0.3 m) and {sup 171}Ho (t{sub 1/2} {equals} 55 {plus minus} 3 s), were characterized. Evidence for a new isomer of 3.0 m {sup 168}Ho{sup g}, {sup 168}Ho{sup m} (t{sub 1/2} {equals} 132 {plus minus} 4 s) which decays by isomeric transition (IT) is presented. Beta particle endpoint energies were determined for the decay of {sup 168}Ho{sup g}, {sup 169}Dy, {sup 171}Ho, and {sup 174}Er, the resulting Q{beta}-values are: 2.93 {plus minus} 0.03, 3.2 {plus minus} 0.3, 3.2 {plus minus} 0.6, and 1.8 {plus minus} 0.2 MeV, respectively. These values were compared with values calculated using recent atomic mass formulae. Comparisons of various target/ion source geometries used in the OASIS mass separator facility for these multinucleon transfer reactions were performed. 73 refs., 40 figs., 11 tabs.

  18. Study of the form factors of the leptonic decays of the KL0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    About 24 000 KL0 decays have been observed in a spark chamber spectrometer. 11 000 Ke3 and 7 000 Kμ3 decays were identified and their distribution in the Dalitz plot analyzed. In the study of the Kμ3 mode KL0 → π± μ± the interaction is found to be essentially a vectorial one. For the ratio ξ = f- / f+ a double solution is found: ξ = -3.9 ± 0.18 and ξ = 1.5 ± 0.18. The first solution is more likely. The study of the Ke3 mode KL0 → π± e± ν also confirms the vectorial nature of the interaction. It is found that: | AS /AV | T /AV | 2 dependence of the form factor f+ is weak: λ+ = 0.023 ± 0.012. (author)

  19. $\\beta$-decay study of neutron-rich Tl and Pb isotopes

    CERN Multimedia

    It is proposed to study the structure of neutron-rich nuclei beyond $^{208}$Pb. The one-proton hole $^{211-215}$Tl and the semi magic $^{213}$Pb will be produced and studied via nuclear and atomic spectroscopy searching for long-lived isomers and investigating the $\\beta$-delayed $\\gamma$- emission to build level schemes. Information on the single particle structure in $^{211-215}$Pb, especially the position of the g$_{9/2}$ and i$_{11/2}$ neutron orbitals, will be extracted along with lifetimes. The $\\beta$-decay will be complemented with the higher spin selectivity that can be obtained by resonant laser ionization to single-out the decay properties of long-living isomers in $^{211,213}$Tl and $^{213}$Pb.

  20. Study on a decay heat removal system of light water reactors using air coolers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present work, a passive decay heat removal system for light water reactors (LWRs) based on a new concept is studied referring to an air cooling system (ACS) of the fast breeder reactor Monju. The present study will contribute to the reduction of severe accident risks of nuclear power plants. In this system, a blower for an air cooler (AC) is operated using the rotation of a small steam turbine by generated steam in order to cool heat transfer tubes by forced convection of air. The purpose of the present work is to investigate the plant transient caused by a station blackout (SBO) using the plant system code NETFLOW++ and decay heat removal characteristics. A calculation model is the Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) in Japan. (author)

  1. Nuclear orientation and β/EC-decay studies of light nuclei at on-line separators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The possibilities that are offered by on-line nuclear orientation to study short-lived light nuclei by observing the anisotropy of the radiation emitted in their decay are discussed. Both β-radiation and internal bremsstrahlung are considered. The experimental method is described, together with some of the results that have been obtained up to now. (author) 29 refs.; 5 figs.; 2 tabs

  2. Laser assisted nuclear decay spectroscopy: A new method for studying neutron-deficient francium

    CERN Document Server

    Lynch, Kara Marie

    2015-01-01

    Radioactive decay studies of rare isotopes produced at radioactive ion beam facilities have often been hindered by the presence of isobaric and isomeric contamination. The Collinear Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy (CRIS) experiment at ISOLDE, CERN uses laser radiation to stepwise excite and ionize an atomic beam in a particular isomeric state. Deflection of this selectively ionized beam of exotic nuclei, from the remaining neutral contaminants, allows ultra-sensitive detection of rare isotopes and nuclear structure measurements in background-free conditions.\

  3. A study of T violation via the semileptonic decays of neutral kaons in CPLEAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method for studying semileptonic neutral kaon decays at CPLEAR is presented together with a preliminary data analysis. For the first time a direct determination of T violation is shown to be possible and low statistics results are given. From the same data the KL-KS mass difference, Δm, the Cp violation parameter of KS, εS, and the parameter x testing the ΔS=ΔQ rule are also obtained. (orig.)

  4. Environmental risk factors associated with tooth decay in children: a review of four studies in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Tintin Farihatini; Patricia Dale; Peter Davey; Johnson, Newell W; Ririn A. Wulandari; Sri S. Winanto; Anwar Musaddad; Rinawati Satrio

    2013-01-01

    There is growing concern over studying the environmental impacts on human health. Among the world’s population, children are particularly vulnerable to environmental threats.Currently, in certain areas of Indonesia, there are significant problems with water quality, especially as many consume surface water for drinking. There is evidence that this contributes to tooth decay – the process of dental caries. Furthermore, teeth provide an excellent chronological record of nutritional status and t...

  5. Study of entrance channel effects in the decay of compound nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to study the entrance channel effects in the decay of compound nucleus the neutron spectra at different laboratory angles were measured from the fusion reaction 16O+63Cu at 109 MeV and 16O+64Zn at 91MeV. The results are compared with the symmetric system 32S+48Ti at 120 and 125 MeV

  6. A study of gravitational collapse with decaying of the vacuum energy

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, M

    2006-01-01

    We study the gravitational collapse of a dust dark matter star in a $\\Lambda$-background. We consider two distinct cases: First we do not have a dark matter and dark energy coupling; second, we consider that $\\Lambda $ decay in dark particles. The approach adopted assumes a modified matter expansion rate and we have formation of a black hole, since that, we have the formation of an apparent horizon. A brief comparison of the process of the matter condensation using the gravitational collapse ...

  7. Design study for a fine-grained multi-kiloton detector for nucleon decay and neutrino studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments which attempt to measure the lifetimes of protons and bound neutrons require detectors which have 1033 or more fiducial nucleons. If an experiment is to be sensitive to all, or most of the kinematically allowed decay modes, it must also have many samples of information from the nucleon decay products, that is, it must be fine-grained. This report describes a design study for such an experiment carried out at the University of Pennsylvania by E.W. Beier, L.S. Durkin, S.M. Heagy, A.K. Mann and H.H. Williams. The performance of a 160 ton prototype of the nucleon decay detector is also discussed. The detector is based on large, segmented planes of liquid scintillator calorimeter (8m x 8m) viewed by photomultiplier tubes, interleaved with track chambers operated in the proportional mode

  8. Study of B meson decays with converted photons in LHCb experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHCb experiment studies CP violation in B meson decays and is expected to take data from 2007 on. Analysis strategies are studied on simulated data samples. In this development, I have worked in several areas and essentially in: converted photons reconstruction and decay channels with converted photon selection. In converted photons reconstruction, the charge deposited by electrons and positrons produced by converted photons can be detected which allows their reconstruction. The low rate of conversion is to be considered and the use of converted photons is advantageous only because of their good momentum measurements. In decay channels with converted photon selection, the good momentum resolution allows the selection of different channels, among which: B0 → K*γ, B0 → π+π-π0 and B0 → π0π0. Despite low branching ratios (between 10-5 and 10-6), I show that these modes can indeed be studied. The classical method with photons detected by the electromagnetic calorimeter being difficult, the use of converted photons will be an advantage for LHCb, especially in the B0 → π0π0 final state, which is particularly difficult to identify in absence of converted photons. (author)

  9. Study of the Production and Decay Properties of using the OMEGA Spectrometer

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the experiment is to study beauty particles production and decay in a 350~GeV negative pion beam, using a scintillating optical fibre target in conjunction with a silicon microstrip telescope and the Omega spectrometer.\\\\ \\\\ A multiparticle high $p _{T}$ ~trigger together with an impact parameter trigger and muon selection is employed to enrich the $ B \\bar{B} $ ~signal. An automatic system of reconstructing tracks and vertices has been developed to select beauty decay topologies. A 50~day run should yield about 200~ $ B \\bar{B} $ events per nanobarn. \\\\ \\\\ Fast, high resolution micro-tracking has been realized with the scintillating fibre detector, but some technical problems are still under study. \\\\ \\\\ The collaboration is continuing with the R&D programme and at the same time has joined with the WA82 collaboration in a common proposal to study beauty production and decay with the Omega spectrometer using the better-known technique of silicon microstrip (this is approved as WA92).

  10. Study of variants for Monte Carlo generators of τ → 3πν decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Was, Zbigniew; Zaremba, Jakub [PAN, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland)

    2015-11-15

    Low energy QCD (below 2 GeV) is a region of resonance dynamics, sometimes lacking a satisfactory description as compared to the precision of available experimental data. Hadronic τ decays offer a probe for such an energy regime. In general, the predictions for decays are model dependent, with parameters fitted to experimental results. The parameterizations differ by the amount of assumptions and theoretical requirements taken into account. Both model distributions and acquired data samples used for the fits are the results of a complex effort. In this paper, we investigate the main parameterizations of τ decays. The differences in analytical forms of the currents and resulting distributions used for comparison with the experimental data are studied. We use invariant mass spectra of all possible pion pairs and the whole three-pion system. Also three-dimensional histograms spanned over all distinct squared invariant masses are used to represent the results of models and experimental data. We present distributions from TAUOLA Monte Carlo generation and a semi-analytical calculation. These are necessary steps in the development for fitting in an as model-independent way as possible, and to explore multi-million event experimental data samples. This includes the response of distributions to model variants, and/or numerical values of the parameters. The interference effects of the currents' parts are also studied. For technical purposes, weighted events are introduced. Even though we focus on 3πν{sub τ} modes, technical aspects of our study are relevant for all τ decay modes into three hadrons. (orig.)

  11. First experimental study of photon polarization in radiative $B_s^0$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    LHCb Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The polarization of photons produced in radiative $B^{0}_{s}$ decays is studied for the first time. The data are recorded by the LHCb experiment in $pp$ collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3$\\text {fb}^{-1}$ at center-of-mass energies of $7$ and $8 \\text {TeV}$. A time-dependent analysis of the $B^{0}_{s} \\to \\phi \\gamma$ decay rate is conducted to determine the parameter ${\\mathcal{A}}^\\Delta$, which is related to the ratio of right- over left-handed photon polarization amplitudes in $b \\to s \\gamma$ transitions. A value of ${\\mathcal{A}}^\\Delta=-0.98^{\\,+0.46\\,+0.23}_{\\,-0.52\\,-0.20}$ is measured. This result is consistent with the Standard Model prediction within two standard deviations.

  12. Study of the rare decay J/ψ → e+e‑ϕ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xing-Dao; Xue, Si-Run; Ke, Hong-Wei; Li, Xue-Qian; Zhao, Qiang

    2016-07-01

    We study the decay process of J/ψ → e+e‑ϕ where the relatively clean electromagnetic (EM) transitions appear at leading order at tree level while the hadronic contributions only emerge via hadronic loop transitions. We include the low-lying scalar f0(980) and pseudoscalar η/η‧ as the dominant contributions in the evaluation of the hadronic loop contributions. It is found that the hadronic effects are negligible compared with the EM contributions. The decay width of J/ψ → e+e‑ϕ is determined to be about 2.12 × 10‑6 keV if there is no other leading mechanism contributing. This result will be tested by the BESIII experiment with a large J/ψ data sample. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11375128, 11425525), Sino-German CRC 110 Symmetries and the Emergence of Structure in QCD (11261130311)

  13. SNO+ status and plans for double beta decay search and other neutrino studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andringa, S.; SNO+ Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    SNO+ is a multi-purpose Neutrino Physics experiment, succeeding to the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory by replacing heavy water with liquid scintillator, which can also be loaded with large quantities of double-beta decaying isotope. The scientific goals of SNO+ are the search for neutrinoless double-beta decay, the study of solar neutrinos and of anti-neutrinos from nuclear reactors and the Earth's natural radioactivity, as well as supernovae neutrinos. The installation of the detector at SNOLAB is being completed and commissioning has already started with a dry run. The detector will soon be filled with water and, later, with scintillator. Here we highlight the main detector developments and address the several Physics analysis being prepared for the several planned SNO+ runs.

  14. Decay study of hot nuclei below the multifragmentation threshold with the FOBOS detector at Dubna

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reactions 14 N (53 A MeV) + 197 Au and 232 Th have been used to study the three-fold decay of hot heavy compound-like nuclei at excitation energies per nucleon < 3.5 MeV in competition to binary fission. Additionally to the dominant sequential emission of an intermediate mass fragment (IMF) from the target-like nucleus followed by fission, a simultaneous decay channel with a large yield of symmetric partition into three heavy fragments was identified by the Coulomb focussing effect. The experimental results can be explained within the frame of a smooth transition from the 'neck'-emission to a symmetric ternary fission process. (authors)

  15. Experimental study of prompt neutron decay constant α for 300# pool reactor under mixed core

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental study of prompt neutron decay constant α for 300# pool reactor under mixed core was carried out through a suit of reactor power spectral density measurement system. The two channel continuous current signals of neutron in the reactor were acquired by ionization chamber DL129 which was symmetrically putted in reactor core. The power spectral density, for two channel signals, was computed using the application program of data acquirement and data process analysis. Finally, by using the non-linear least squares method, the prompt neutron decay constant α was fitted. By comparison, the experimental results well accord to the theory calculation within the error range. The deviation can meet the actual need of project. (authors)

  16. Study of the K{sup -}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}e{sup -}{nu} decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ajinenko, I.V.; Akimenko, S.A.; Belous, K.S.; Britvich, G.I.; Britvich, I.G.; Datsko, K.V.; Filin, A.P.; Inyakin, A.V.; Konstantinov, A.S.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Korolkov, I.Y.; Khmelnikov, V.A.; Leontiev, V.M.; Novikov, V.P.; Obraztsov, V.F.; Polyakov, V.A.; Romanovsky, V.I.; Ronjin, V.M.; Shelikhov, V.I.; Smirnov, N.E.; Sokolov, A.A.; Tchikilev, O.G.; Uvarov, V.A.; Yushchenko, O.P.; Bolotov, V.N.; Laptev, S.V.; Pastsjak, A.R.; Polyarush, A.Yu.; Sirodeev, R.Kh

    2003-11-06

    The decay K{sup -}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}e{nu} has been studied using in-flight decays detected with the 'ISTRA+' spectrometer operating in the 25-GeV negative secondary beam of the U-70 PS. About 550K events were collected for the analysis. The {lambda}{sub +} parameter of the vector form-factor has been measured: {lambda}{sub +}=0.0286{+-}0.0008(stat){+-}0.0006(syst). The limits on the possible tensor and scalar couplings have been obtained: f{sub T}/f{sub +}(0)=0.021{sup +0.064}{sub -0.075}(stat){+-}0.026(syst); f{sub S}/f{sub +}(0)=0.002{sup +0.020}{sub -0.022}(stat){+-}0.003(syst)

  17. Signal and background studies for the search of neutrinoless double beta decay in GERDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The GERDA experiment searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76, by operating bare HPGe detectors in ultra-pure liquid Ar. This dissertation presents a first decomposition of the background measured in the current data-taking phase. The background at the energy of interest was found to be dominated by 214Bi, 208Tl and 42K gamma-rays, with secondary contributions from 42K and 214Bi beta-rays, and 210Po alpha-rays. For the forthcoming upgrade of the apparatus, a new HPGe detector design (BEGe) has been studied, with focus on its capability of suppressing the identified backgrounds through pulse shape analysis. This included the development of a comprehensive modeling of the detectors and the experimental characterization of their response to surface interactions. The achieved results show that GERDA can improve the present limit on the neutrinoless double beta decay half-life by an order of magnitude.

  18. Study of the decays B->D_s1(2536)+ anti-D(*)

    OpenAIRE

    Aushev, T.

    2011-01-01

    We report a study of the decays B -> D_s1(2536)+ anti-D(*), where anti-D(*) is anti-D0, D- or D*-, using a sample of 657 x 10^6 B anti-B pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. The branching fractions of the decays B+ -> D_s1(2536)+ anti-D0, B0 -> D_s1(2536)+ D- and B0 -> D_s1(2536)+ D*- multiplied by that of D_s1(2536)+ -> (D*0K+ + D*+K0) are found to be (3.97+-0.85+-0.56) x 10^-4, (2.75+-0.62+-0.36) x 10^-4 and (5.01+...

  19. Study of Hadronic Five-Body Decays of Charmed Mesons Involving $K_S^0$

    OpenAIRE

    The FOCUS collaboration; Link, J. M.

    2003-01-01

    We study the decay of $D^0$ and $D^+_s$ mesons into five-body final states including a $K_S^0$ and report the discovery of the decay mode $D_s^+\\to K_S^0 K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-$. The branching ratio for the new mode is {${\\Gamma(D_s^+\\to K_S^0K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^+)} \\over {\\Gamma(D_s^+\\to K_S^0K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+)}$} = 0.102$\\pm0.029\\pm$0.029. We also determine the branching ratio of {${\\Gamma(D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^-)} \\over {\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$} = 0.095$\\pm0.005\\pm$0.007 as wel...

  20. Data processing in gamma spectrometry. Application to the decay schemes study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this thesis is the processing of the data issued from a gamma spectrometer, and its applications to the decay schemes study. The mathematical analysis of the full energy peaks, in connection with the very good resolution of semi-conductor detectors, leads to a very accurate determination of the energies. The resolution of complex spectra by the least squares method, completed by a spectra generating process, allows the calculation of branching ratios. Then, the handling of the two dimensional experiments permits the coincidence exam. For each of these methods, the calculation principle, then the systematics tests realized in order to prove their validity and to determine their application ranges as well as some experimental results appropriate to illustrate their possibilities, are presented. The energies of some nuclides, frequently used as standards have been thus measured and the decay schemes of 134Cs and 110mAg determined precisely. (author)

  1. Studies of the fragmentation process in hadronic decays of Z{sup 0} boson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smirnova, O.

    1996-09-01

    This thesis is based on work done 1992-1996 at the DELPHI detector at LEP. A brief overview of particle physics is given and the main features of the LEP machine and the DELPHI detectors described. QCD analysis using the information about hadronic decays of the Z{sup 0} boson produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation is treated. The main goal of this work was to extract different components of the charged hadron cross section and to derive the gluon fragmentation function. Finally, the results of the studies of two-particle correlations in hadronic Z{sup 0} decays are presented. The analysis of directional and transverse mass dependence of the Bose-Einstein correlations is performed. 56 refs, 33 figs.

  2. Study of the K0(L) --> pi0 pi0 nu nu-bar decay

    OpenAIRE

    E391a Collaboration; Ogata, R.; Suzuki, S.; Ahn, J. K.; Akune, Y.; Baranov, V.; Chen, K. F.; Comfort, J.; Doroshenko, M.; Fujioka, Y.; Hsiung, Y.B.; Inagaki, T.; Ishibashi, S; Ishihara, N.; Ishii, H

    2011-01-01

    The rare decay K0(L) --> pi0 pi0 nu nu-bar was studied with the E391a detector at the KEK 12-GeV proton synchrotron. Based on 9.4 x 10^9 K0L decays, an upper limit of 8.1 x 10^{-7} was obtained for the branching fraction at 90% confidence level. We also set a limit on the K0(L) --> pi0 pi0 X (X --> invisible particles) process; the limit on the branching fraction varied from 7.0 x 10^{-7} to 4.0 x 10^{-5} for the mass of X ranging from 50 MeV/c^2 to 200 MeV/c^2.

  3. Level structure of 109Ag from studies of the decay of palladium 109g

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy levels of 109Ag, populated in the decay of Palladium 109g (T(1/2)=13.45h), have been studied by means of high-resolution Ge(Li) detectors using both time-dependent singles and coincidence gamma-ray detection techniques. Generally good agreement with previous measurements was obtained in terms of the energy levels and decay scheme of 109Ag, with the exception of the 697- and 811-keV levels originally proposed by El Bedewi et al. These are shown to have arisen as a result of the misidentification of transitions. The resultant energy level diagram and branching ratios deduced are presented. The half-life of Palladium 109g was measured as 13.45 plus minus 0.02h

  4. Study of Dalitz decay phi -> eta e+e- with KLOE detector

    CERN Document Server

    Babusci, D; Bencivenni, G; Bloise, C; Bossi, F; Branchini, P; Budano, A; Balkestahl, L Caldeira; Ceradini, F; Ciambrone, P; Curciarello, F; Czerwinski, E; Dane', E; De Leo, V; De Lucia, E; De Robertis, G; De Santis, A; De Simone, P; Di Cicco, A; Di Domenico, A; Di Salvo, R; Domenici, D; Erriquez, O; Fanizzi, G; Fantini, A; Felici, G; Fiore, S; Franzini, P; Gajos, A; Gauzzi, P; Giardina, G; Giovannella, S; Graziani, E; Happacher, F; Heijkenskjold, L; Hoistad, B; Johansson, T; Kaminska, D; Krzemien, W; Kupsc, A; Lee-Franzini, J; Loddo, F; Loffredo, S; Mandaglio, G; Martemianov, M; Martini, M; Mascolo, M; Messi, R; Miscetti, S; Morello, G; Moricciani, D; Moskal, P; Palladino, A; Passeri, A; Longhi, V Patera Prado; Ranieri, A; Santangelo, P; Sarra, I; Schioppa, M; Sciascia, B; Silarski, M; Tortora, L; Venanzoni, G; Wislicki, W; Wolke, M

    2014-01-01

    We have studied the vector to pseudoscalar conversion decay phi -> eta e+e-, with eta -> pi0pi0pi0, with the KLOE detector at DAPHNE. The data set of 1.7 fb-1 of e+e- collisions at sqrt(s)~Mphi contains a clear conversion decay signal of ~31,000 events from which we measured a value of BR(phi -> eta e+e-)=(1.075+-0.007+-0.038)x10-4. The same sample is used to determine the transition form factor by a fit to the e+e- invariant mass spectrum, obtaining b(phi eta) =(1.17 +- 0.10 + 0.07) GeV-2, that improves by a factor of five the precision of the previous measurement and is in good agreement with VMD expectations.

  5. Study of the Dalitz decay ϕ→ηe+e− with the KLOE detector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Babusci

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We have studied the vector to pseudoscalar conversion decay ϕ→ηe+e−, with η→π0π0π0, with the KLOE detector at DAΦNE. The data set of 1.7 fb−1 of e+e− collisions at s∼Mϕ contains a clear conversion decay signal of ∼31,000 events from which we measured a value of BR(ϕ→ηe+e−=(1.075±0.007±0.038×10−4. The same sample is used to determine the transition form factor by a fit to the e+e− invariant mass spectrum, obtaining bϕη=(1.28±0.10−0.08+0.09 GeV−2, that improves by a factor of five the precision of the previous measurement and is in good agreement with VMD expectations.

  6. Energy density functional study of nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless $\\beta\\beta$ decay

    CERN Document Server

    Rodríguez, Tomás R

    2010-01-01

    We present an extensive study of nuclear matrix elements (NME) for the neutrinoless double beta decay of the nuclei $^{48}$Ca, $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{96}$Zr, $^{100}$Mo, $^{124}$Sn, $^{128}$Te, $^{130}$Te, $^{136}$Xe, and $^{150}$Nd based on state-of-the-art energy density functional methods using the Gogny D1S functional. Beyond mean-field effects are included within the generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection for both initial and final ground states. We obtain a rather constant value for the NME's around 4.7 with the exception of $^{48}$Ca and $^{150}$Nd, where smaller values are found. We analyze the role of deformation and pairing in the evaluation of the NME and present detailed results for the decay of $^{150}$Nd.

  7. Study of 1 megaton water cherenkov detectors for the future proton decay search

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sensitivity of a possible future 1 Megaton water Cherenkov detector for proton decay searches was studied. For p→e+π0 decay mode, the detection efficiency and the number of atmospheric neutrino backgrounds were estimated by using a detailed Monte Carlo simulation program. Moreover, their dependence on the number density of the photomultiplier tube (PMT) was investigated. With the PMT density of the Super-Kamiokande detector (2 PMT/m2, 40% photocathode coverage), we will reach to 1.5x1035 years partial lifetime limit at 90% confidence level by 10 years livetime of the detector (104 kton-year exposure). With a 1/4 (1/9) PMT density, the sensitivity for p→e+π0 mode is decreased to 1x1035 years (7x1034 years)

  8. Studies of the fragmentation process in hadronic decays of Z0 boson

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is based on work done 1992-1996 at the DELPHI detector at LEP. A brief overview of particle physics is given and the main features of the LEP machine and the DELPHI detectors described. QCD analysis using the information about hadronic decays of the Z0 boson produced in e+e- annihilation is treated. The main goal of this work was to extract different components of the charged hadron cross section and to derive the gluon fragmentation function. Finally, the results of the studies of two-particle correlations in hadronic Z0 decays are presented. The analysis of directional and transverse mass dependence of the Bose-Einstein correlations is performed. 56 refs, 33 figs

  9. First experimental study of photon polarization in radiative $B^{0}_{s}$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio Augusto; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Andreassi, Guido; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Archilli, Flavio; d'Argent, Philippe; Arnau Romeu, Joan; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Babuschkin, Igor; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baesso, Clarissa; Baker, Sophie; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Baszczyk, Mateusz; Batozskaya, Varvara; Batsukh, Baasansuren; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Bel, Lennaert; Bellee, Violaine; Belloli, Nicoletta; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bertolin, Alessandro; Betti, Federico; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bezshyiko, Iaroslava; Bifani, Simone; Billoir, Pierre; Bird, Thomas; Birnkraut, Alex; Bitadze, Alexander; Bizzeti, Andrea; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frederic; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Boettcher, Thomas; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borgheresi, Alessio; Borghi, Silvia; Borisyak, Maxim; Borsato, Martino; Bossu, Francesco; Boubdir, Meriem; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Braun, Svende; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Buchanan, Emma; Burr, Christopher; Bursche, Albert; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Campora Perez, Daniel Hugo; Capriotti, Lorenzo; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carniti, Paolo; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cavallero, Giovanni; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chatzikonstantinidis, Georgios; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chobanova, Veronika; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cogoni, Violetta; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collazuol, Gianmaria; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombs, George; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Costa Sobral, Cayo Mar; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Crocombe, Andrew; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Dall'Occo, Elena; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Aguiar Francisco, Oscar; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Serio, Marilisa; De Simone, Patrizia; Dean, Cameron Thomas; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Demmer, Moritz; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Dey, Biplab; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dufour, Laurent; Dujany, Giulio; Dungs, Kevin; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Déléage, Nicolas; Easo, Sajan; Ebert, Marcus; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Fazzini, Davide; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Fernandez Prieto, Antonio; Ferrari, Fabio; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fini, Rosa Anna; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fleuret, Frederic; Fohl, Klaus; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forshaw, Dean Charles; Forty, Roger; Franco Lima, Vinicius; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Färber, Christian; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garcia Martin, Luis Miguel; García Pardiñas, Julián; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Garsed, Philip John; Gascon, David; Gaspar, Clara; Gavardi, Laura; Gazzoni, Giulio; Gerick, David; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianì, Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Girard, Olivier Göran; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gizdov, Konstantin; Gligorov, Vladimir; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gorelov, Igor Vladimirovich; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graverini, Elena; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Gruberg Cazon, Barak Raimond; Grünberg, Oliver; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Göbel, Carla; Hadavizadeh, Thomas; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hatch, Mark; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heister, Arno; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hombach, Christoph; Hopchev, P H; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Humair, Thibaud; Hushchyn, Mikhail; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jiang, Feng; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Kariuki, James Mwangi; Karodia, Sarah; Kecke, Matthieu; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Kenzie, Matthew; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khairullin, Egor; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Kirn, Thomas; Klaver, Suzanne; Klimaszewski, Konrad; Koliiev, Serhii; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Kosmyntseva, Alena; Kozachuk, Anastasiia; Kozeiha, Mohamad; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Krzemien, Wojciech; Kucewicz, Wojciech; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kuonen, Axel Kevin; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Lefèvre, Regis; Lemaitre, Florian; Lemos Cid, Edgar; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Likhomanenko, Tatiana; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Xuesong; Loh, David; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lucchesi, Donatella; Lucio Martinez, Miriam; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Lusiani, Alberto; Lyu, Xiao-Rui; Machefert, Frederic; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Maguire, Kevin; Malde, Sneha; Malinin, Alexander; Maltsev, Timofei; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Manning, Peter Michael; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martin, Morgan; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massacrier, Laure Marie; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathad, Abhijit; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mauri, Andrea; Maurin, Brice; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Melnychuk, Dmytro; Merk, Marcel; Merli, Andrea; Michielin, Emanuele; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Mitzel, Dominik Stefan; Mogini, Andrea; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monroy, Igancio Alberto; Monteil, Stephane; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Mulder, Mick; Mussini, Manuel; Müller, Dominik; Müller, Janine; Müller, Katharina; Müller, Vanessa; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nandi, Anita; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nieswand, Simon; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; O'Hanlon, Daniel Patrick; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Ogilvy, Stephen; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Otto, Adam; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Aranzazu; Pais, Preema Rennee; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Pappalardo, Luciano; Parker, William; Parkes, Christopher; Passaleva, Giovanni; Pastore, Alessandra; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Penso, Gianni; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perret, Pascal; Pescatore, Luca; Petridis, Konstantinos; Petrolini, Alessandro; Petrov, Aleksandr; Petruzzo, Marco; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pikies, Malgorzata; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Piucci, Alessio; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Poikela, Tuomas; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polyakov, Ivan; Polycarpo, Erica; Pomery, Gabriela Johanna; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Poslavskii, Stanislav; Potterat, Cédric; Price, Eugenia; Price, Joseph David; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Quagliani, Renato; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rama, Matteo; Ramos Pernas, Miguel; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Raven, Gerhard; Redi, Federico; Reichert, Stefanie; dos Reis, Alberto; Remon Alepuz, Clara; Renaudin, Victor; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Sophie; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vicente; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Lopez, Jairo Alexis; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Rogozhnikov, Alexey; Roiser, Stefan; Rollings, Alexandra Paige; Romanovskiy, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Ronayne, John William; Rotondo, Marcello; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Ruf, Thomas; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sadykhov, Elnur; Sagidova, Naylya; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santimaria, Marco; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Saunders, Daniel Martin; Savrina, Darya; Schael, Stefan; Schellenberg, Margarete; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmelzer, Timon; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schubert, Konstantin; Schubiger, Maxime; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Semennikov, Alexander; Sergi, Antonino; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Siddi, Benedetto Gianluca; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Silva de Oliveira, Luiz Gustavo; Simi, Gabriele; Simone, Saverio; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Iwan Thomas; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Spradlin, Patrick; Sridharan, Srikanth; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Marian; Stahl, Sascha; Stefko, Pavol; Stefkova, Slavorima; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stemmle, Simon; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Tayduganov, Andrey; Tekampe, Tobias; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tilley, Matthew James; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Toriello, Francis; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Trabelsi, Karim; Traill, Murdo; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Trisovic, Ana; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tully, Alison; Tuning, Niels; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vacca, Claudia; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valassi, Andrea; Valat, Sebastien; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vecchi, Stefania; van Veghel, Maarten; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Venkateswaran, Aravindhan; Vernet, Maxime; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Volkov, Vladimir; Vollhardt, Achim; Voneki, Balazs; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; de Vries, Jacco; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Wark, Heather Mckenzie; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Weiden, Andreas; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wilkinson, Guy; Wilkinson, Michael; Williams, Mark Richard James; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Williams, Timothy; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wraight, Kenneth; Wright, Simon; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yin, Hang; Yu, Jiesheng; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zarebski, Kristian Alexander; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhang, Yu; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zheng, Yangheng; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhu, Xianglei; Zhukov, Valery; Zucchelli, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    The polarization of photons produced in radiative $B^{0}_{s}$ decays is studied for the first time. The data are recorded by the LHCb experiment in $pp$ collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3fb$^{-1}$ at center-of-mass energies of $7$ and $8$TeV. A time-dependent analysis of the $B^{0}_{s} \\to \\phi \\gamma$ decay rate is conducted to determine the parameter ${\\mathcal{A}}^\\Delta$, which is related to the ratio of right- over left-handed photon polarization amplitudes in $b \\to s \\gamma$ transitions. A value of ${\\mathcal{A}}^\\Delta=-0.98^{\\,+0.46\\,+0.23}_{\\,-0.52\\,-0.20}$ is measured. This result is consistent with the Standard Model prediction within two standard deviations.

  10. Radioactive decay studies at TRISTAN. Progress report, January 1, 1983-September 30, 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our study of nuclear structure of neutron-rich fission products at the on-line mass separator TRISTAN has continued at a strong pace during the past year. The study of the odd-odd La nuclides, 142144146148La, has been concluded with the preparation of the 146La level scheme. The systematic drop in position of the lowest 1+ levels and the abrupt increase in the number of levels that are strongly fed in β decay in 146La can be used to pinpoint the onset of strong deformation in that nuclide. Or, that spread of β strength can be attributed to the presence of low-lying octupole structures. New data have been presented on the lower odd-odd N=83 nuclides which indicate that the Pi g/sub 7/2/nu f/sub 7/2/ parabola which is a large particle hole parabola in 140La is quenched in 138Cs and inverted in 136I. The first results of a major new study of 132Sb and 130Sb levels populated in the decay of 40-s 132Sn and 2-min and 4-min 130Sn, respectively, are reported. These data indicate a 4+ ground state for 130Sb and reveal many new negative parity levels. Angular correlation and decay scheme data are reported for decay of 139Xe to levels of 139Cs. The results support 5/2+ and 3/2+ assignments for the 218- and 289-keV levels, respectively, and reveal a close doublet at 393 keV. Except for an extra low-lying level, a nearly level-for-level correspondence is observed with isotonic 141La, which is also under study. An angular correlation study of the levels of the 2-particle-4-hole nuclide 116Cd fed in the decay of 2- and 5+ isomers of 116Ag has resolved the location of the two lowest excited 0+ levels and disclosed over 200 new γ rays. The possibility of intruder levels in 142Ba is also under study

  11. Evidence for the B0->ppbarK*0 and B+->eta_cK*+ decays and Study of the Decay Dynamics of B Meson Decays into ppbarh Final States

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    With a sample of 232x10^6 Upsilon(4S)->BBbar events collected with the BaBar detector, we study the decays of B mesons to ppbarh final states, where h=pi+,Ks,K*0 or K*+. We report evidence for the B->ppbarK*0 decay, with a branching fraction (1.5+/-0.5(stat)+/-0.4(syst))x10^-6, and for the B+->eta_cK*+ decay, with the branching fraction of Br(B+->eta_cK*+)xBr(eta_c->ppbar)=(1.57^{+0.56}_{-0.45}(stat)^{+0.46}_{-0.36}(syst))x10^-6, and provide improved measurements of the branching fractions of the other modes of this type. We also report the measurements of the charge asymmetry consistent with zero in the B+->ppbarpi+, B0->ppbarK*0 and B+->ppbarK*+ modes. No evidence is found for the pentaquark candidate Theta+ in the mass range 1.52 to 1.55 GeV/c^2, decaying into pKs, or the glueball candidate fJ(2220) in the mass range 2.2

  12. Observation and study of bottom-meson decays to a charm meson, a proton-antiproton pair, and pions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Tae Min [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

    2010-04-27

    Bottom-meson decays with baryons show two unusual features—the branching fractions are enhanced for multibody decays and the baryon-antibaryon subsystem recoils against the other decay products—and their reasons are not yet well understood. Moreover, measurements using explicit reconstruction techniques constitute only about 1% out of about 8% of such decays. This Dissertation reports the study of ten bottom-meson decays (labeled 0– 9) to a proton-antiproton pair, a charm meson, and a system of up to two pions, using the BABAR Experiment’s 455×106 BB pairs produced with the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

  13. Semi-inclusive studies of semileptonic B-s decays at Belle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oswald, Christian; Urquijo, P.; Dingfelder, J.; Abdesselam, A.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Al Said, S.; Asner, David M.; Aushev, T.; Ayad, R.; Babu, V.; Badhrees, I.; Bakich, A. M.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bobrov, A.; Bonvicini, Giovanni; Bozek, A.; Bracko, Marko; Browder, Thomas E.; Cervenkov, D.; Chang, M-C; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, David A.; Dalseno, J.; Dolezal, Z.; Drasal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Eidelman, S.; Farhat, H.; Fast, James E.; Ferber, T.; Frost, O.; Fulsom, Bryan G.; Gaur, Vipin; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, Sudeshna; Garmash, A.; Getzkow, D.; Gillard, R.; Glattaur, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Goldenzweig, P.; Golob, B.; Grzymkowska, O.; Hara, Takanori; Hasenbusch, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; He, X. H.; Hou, W. S.; Huschle, Matthias J.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jaegle, Igal; Julius, T.; Kang, K. H.; Kapusta, P.; Kato, E.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, Kay; Ko, Byeong Rok; Kodys, P.; Korpar, S.; Krizan, P.; Krokovny, Pavel; Kuhr, T.; Kumita, T.; Kwon, Y. J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, D. H.; Lee, I. S.; Li, Y.; Gioi, LL; Libby, J.; Liventsev, D.; Lukin, P.; Matvienko, D.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Moon, H K.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Nanut, T.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, Minakshi; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Okuno, S.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Pedlar, Todd; Pesantez, L.; Pestotnik, R.; Petric, M.; Piilonen, Leo E.; Pulvermacher, C.; Ribezl, Eva; Ritter, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Rozanska, M.; Ryu, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, Saurabh; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, Vladimir; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, ME; Shapkin, M.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, CP; Shibata, TA; Shiu, Jing-Ge; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Sohn, Y. S.; Solovieva, E.; Stanic, S.; Staric, M.; Stypula, J.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, Umberto; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Uchida, M.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Usov, Y.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Vinokurova, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Vossen, Anslem G.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M. Z.; Wang, P.; Wang, Xiaolong; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yamamoto, H.; Yashchenko, S.; Yook, Youngmin; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2015-10-22

    We present an analysis of the semi-inclusive decays B-s -> D(s)(-)Xl(+)nu and B-s -> D-s*(-)Xl(+)nu, where X denotes a final state that may consist of additional hadrons or photons and l is an electron or muon. The studied Bs decays are contained in the 121.4 fb(-1) Upsilon(5S) data sample collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e(+)e(-) collider. The branching fractions of the decays are measured to be B(B-s -> D(s)(-)Xl(+)nu) = [8.2 +/- 0.2(stat) +/- 0.6(syst) +/- 1.4(ext)] % and B(B-s -> D-s*(-)Xl(+)nu) = [5.4 +/- 0.4(stat) +/- 0.4(syst) +/- 0.9(ext)] %, where the first two uncertainties are statistical and systematic and the last is due to external parameters. The measurement also provides an estimate of the B-s(()*())(B) over bar (()(s)*()) production cross section, sigma(e(+)e(-) -> B-s(()*())(B) over bar (()(s)*())) = 53.8 +/- 1.4(stat) +/- 4.0(syst) +/- 3.4(ext)] pb, at the center-of-mass energy root s = 10.86 GeV.

  14. Formation and decay of light medium systems studied by combined particle and γ techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An attempt is made to check how reliable is the statistical model for light medium systems (A approximately 50-70, Esub(inc)=1 to 2 coulomb barrier, induced by light heavy ions) to predict the whole range of observable quantities in a coherent way. For that purpose, evaporation residue yields, excitation functions, fusion cross sections, energy spectra and angular distributions of light and heavy particles were measured. The results were compared with the predictions of the new version of the evaporation code CASCADE which allows to calculate the CN decay not only by n, p, α and γ-emission, but also by an optional additional decay channel. Although, as expected, the compound formation and decay is the dominant mechanism, a significant (approximately 15%) contribution of non fusion processes is observed. Preliminary calculations based on the DWBA formalism, using the diffractional model to fit the continuum energy spectra of the direct reactions give a reasonable account of the observed transfers. It is shown that combination of charged particles and γ-rays spectroscopy techniques can be useful in such studies

  15. Review of Experimental Studies of $\\psi(3770)$ non-$D\\bar D$ Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Rong, G; Chen, J C

    2010-01-01

    We review the progress on experimental studies of the non-$D\\bar D$ decays of the $\\psi(3770)$ resonance. With the world average of the observed cross sections for $D\\bar D$ production measured at 3.773 GeV by the MARK-I, MARK-II, BES and CLEO Collaborations, combined together with the cross section for $\\psi(3770)$ production at its peak as well as initial state radiative correction factor, we find that the non-$D\\bar D$ branching fraction of $\\psi(3770)$ decays is $B[\\psi(3770)\\to {\\rm non}-D\\bar D]=(19.8\\pm 1.8 \\pm 5.6)%$, which is consistent within error with $B[\\psi(3770)\\to {\\rm non}-D\\bar D]=(14.7\\pm 3.2)%$ measured previously by the BES Collaboration. In addition, a global amplitude analysis of the cross sections for $e^+e^- \\to {\\rm LH}$ (LH= light hadron) measured by the CLEO Collaboration shows that the light hadron branching fraction of $\\psi(3770)$ decays can be as large as about 11%. Combing the totally measured hadronic and electromegnatic transition rate together with the light hadron branchin...

  16. Feasibility study on enhancement of decay heat removal capacity in LMR using radiation structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, a quantitative analysis of heat transfer enhancement by using the radiation structure installed in hot air riser of PSDRS in KALIMER is performed and a feasibility of designing a large thermal rating power plant is investigated in view of decay heat removal capacity. The heat transfer enhancement by radiation structure is directly proportional to the increasing the number of radiation structure, gap width of air flow path, and the temperature of heat transfer area contacting to the natural circulating air. Based on these analyses results of the enhancement of decay heat removal capacity, the feasible maximum core power of a large thermal rating power plant is investigated, and it is founded that the higher operation temperature of reactor coolant system, the larger thermal rating power plant design is possible and the enhancement is about 30% ∼ 40%, quantitatively. From the analyses results, it is expected that a large thermal rating power plant of about 1,000MWt is feasible to design in view of the enhancement of decay heat removal capability

  17. Study on decay heat removal characteristics by natural circulation for top entry loop-type FBR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thermal-hydraulic circulation characteristics of a top entry loop-type FBR are studied experimentally with a 1/8 scaled three-loop model using water as the working fluid. The model is designed to simulate reactor decay heat removal operations including natural circulation mode as well as three types of decay heat removal systems, a direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) with a direct heat exchangers immersed in a hot plenum of a reactor vessel (Immersed type DRACS), a DRACS with DHXs penetrating from a hot plenum to a cold plenum of a reactor vessel (Penetrating type DRACS) and a primary reactor auxiliary cooling system (PRACS). The feasibility of reactor decay heat removal operations including natural circulation mode of a top entry loop-type FBR is confirmed based on the experimental results. The natural circulation performance of the Immersed type DRACS is compared with that of the PRACS for the water test results. The results are used to evaluate the accuracy of the one-dimensional flow-network analysis codes and the multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulic analysis code. The analytical results are generally in good agreement with the measurements. (author)

  18. A Study of Production and Decay of Omega_c^0 Baryons in BABAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.

    2005-09-28

    Production and decay of {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} baryons is studied with {approx} 230 fb{sup -1} of data recorded with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage ring at SLAC. The {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} is reconstructed through its decays into {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}, {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}, {Xi}{sup -}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} final states. The invariant mass spectra are presented and the signal yields are extracted. Ratios of branching fractions are measured relative to the {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +} mode {Beta}({Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Xi}{sup -} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +})/{Beta}({Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) = 0.31 {+-} 0.15(stat.) {+-} 0.04(syst.), {Beta}({Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Omega}{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +})/{Beta}({Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) < 0.30 (90%CL). The momentum spectrum (not corrected for efficiency) of {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} baryons is extracted from decays into {Omega}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}, establishing the first observation of {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0} production from B decays.

  19. Study of tau lepton decay into leptons and K0L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this thesis the τ lepton is identified from its decay products and the decay rates into electrons, muons and final states containing KL0 (kaons neutral long-lived) are measured. A ττ pair is produced in the LEP storage ring from the electron-positron annihilation to a Z0 boson, e+e- → Z0 → τ+τ-. Each τ then decays, τ → ντX where in this thesis only the final states X = e antiνe, μ anti νμ, and π/K(πdeg)KL0 are considered. About 62000 ττ pairs have been detected by the ALEPH (a detector for LEP physics) period 1991-93 at a center-of-mass energy of about 91 GeV, around the Z0 boson mass. The total systematic error on the leptonic τ decay fractions is 2.9 per mill for Be and 2.6 per mill for Bμ, dominated by Monte Carlo statistics (1.4 per mill), non-τ backgrounds (1.4 per mill) and ττ selection uncertainty (1.2 per mill). Finally, the following branching ratios are obtained: Be = (17.79 ± 0.13)%, Bμ = (17.31 ± 0.12)%. These measurements allow to test precisely the e-μ-τ universality in the charged weak current couplings (Wl antiνl), gμ/ge = 1.0003 ± 0.0051, gτ/gμ = 0.9979 ± 0.0027(world av. ττ) ± 0.0023(Bl) ± 0.0004(mτ) where unity corresponds to perfect e-μ and μ-τ universalities. In addition, a hadronic τ final state containing a KL0 is studied, which nicely demonstrates the ALEPH capabilities of KL0 identification. (authors). 66 refs., 115 figs., 49 tabs

  20. Analysis tools for precision studies of hadronic three-body decays and transition form factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Sebastian Philipp

    2013-02-14

    Due to the running coupling constant of Quantum Chromodynamics one of the pillars of the Standard Model, the strong interactions, is still insufficiently understood at low energies. In order to describe the interactions of hadrons that form in this physical regime, one has to devise methods that are non-perturbative in the strong coupling constant. In particular hadronic three-body decays and transition form factors present a great challenge due to the complex analytic structure ensued by strong final-state interactions. In this thesis we present two approaches to tackle these processes. In the first part we use a modified version of non-relativistic effective field theory to analyze the decay {eta}{yields}3{pi}. This perturbative low-energy expansion is ideally suited to study the effects of {pi}{pi} rescattering and contributes greatly to the understanding of the slope parameter of the {eta}{yields}3{pi}{sup 0} Dalitz plot, a quantity that is strongly influenced by final-state interactions and has presented a long-standing puzzle for theoretical approaches. In the second part we present dispersion relations as a non-perturbative means to study three-particle decays. Using the example of {eta}'{yields}{eta}{pi}{pi} we give a detailed introduction to the framework and its numerical implementation. We confront our findings with recent experimental data from the BES-III and VES collaborations and discuss whether the extraction of {pi}{eta} scattering parameters, one of the prime motives to study this decay channel, is feasible in such an approach. A more clear-cut application is given in our study of the decays {omega}/{phi}{yields}3{pi} due to the relative simplicity of this decay channel: our results are solely dependent on the {pi}{pi} P-wave scattering phase shift. We give predictions for the Dalitz plot distributions and compare our findings to very precise data on {phi}{yields}3{pi} by the KLOE and CMD-2 collaborations. We also predict Dalitz plot

  1. Analysis tools for precision studies of hadronic three-body decays and transition form factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the running coupling constant of Quantum Chromodynamics one of the pillars of the Standard Model, the strong interactions, is still insufficiently understood at low energies. In order to describe the interactions of hadrons that form in this physical regime, one has to devise methods that are non-perturbative in the strong coupling constant. In particular hadronic three-body decays and transition form factors present a great challenge due to the complex analytic structure ensued by strong final-state interactions. In this thesis we present two approaches to tackle these processes. In the first part we use a modified version of non-relativistic effective field theory to analyze the decay η→3π. This perturbative low-energy expansion is ideally suited to study the effects of ππ rescattering and contributes greatly to the understanding of the slope parameter of the η→3π0 Dalitz plot, a quantity that is strongly influenced by final-state interactions and has presented a long-standing puzzle for theoretical approaches. In the second part we present dispersion relations as a non-perturbative means to study three-particle decays. Using the example of η'→ηππ we give a detailed introduction to the framework and its numerical implementation. We confront our findings with recent experimental data from the BES-III and VES collaborations and discuss whether the extraction of πη scattering parameters, one of the prime motives to study this decay channel, is feasible in such an approach. A more clear-cut application is given in our study of the decays ω/φ→3π due to the relative simplicity of this decay channel: our results are solely dependent on the ππ P-wave scattering phase shift. We give predictions for the Dalitz plot distributions and compare our findings to very precise data on φ→3π by the KLOE and CMD-2 collaborations. We also predict Dalitz plot parameters that may be determined in future high-precision measurements of ω→3π and

  2. Preliminary study of the decay heat removal strategy for the gas demonstrator allegro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, Gusztáv, E-mail: gusztav.mayer@energia.mta.hu [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Energy Research, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Bentivoglio, Fabrice, E-mail: fabrice.bentivoglio@cea.fr [CEA/DEN/DM2S/STMF/LMES, F-38054, Grenoble (France)

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Improved decay heat removal strategy was adapted for the 75 MW ALLEGRO MOX core. • New nitrogen injection strategy was proposed for the DEC LOCA transients. • Preliminary CATHARE study shows that most of the investigated transients fulfill criteria. • Further improvements and optimizations are needed for nitrogen injection. - Abstract: The helium cooled Gas Fast Reactor (GFR) is one of the six reactor concepts selected in the frame of the Generation IV International Forum. Since no gas cooled fast reactor has ever been built, a medium power demonstrator reactor – named ALLEGRO – is necessary on the road towards the 2400 MWth GFR power reactor. The French Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA) completed a wide range of studies during the early stage of development of ALLEGRO, and later the ALLEGRO reactor concept was developed in several European Union projects in parallel with the GFR2400. The 75 MW thermal power ALLEGRO is currently developed in the frame of the European ALLIANCE project. As a result of the collaboration between CEA and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Energy Research (MTA EK) new improvements were done in the safety approach of ALLEGRO. A complete Decay Heat Removal (DHR) strategy was devised, relying on the primary circuits as a first way to remove decay heat using pony-motors to drive the primary blowers, and on the secondary and tertiary circuits being able to work in forced or natural circulation. Three identical dedicated loops circulating in forced convection are used as a second way to remove decay heat, and these loops can circulate in natural convection for pressurized transients, providing a third way to remove decay heat in case of accidents when the primary circuit is still under pressure. The possibility to use nitrogen to enhance both forced and natural circulation is discussed. This DHR strategy is supported by a wide range of accident transient simulations performed using the CATHARE2 code

  3. Preliminary study of the decay heat removal strategy for the gas demonstrator allegro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Improved decay heat removal strategy was adapted for the 75 MW ALLEGRO MOX core. • New nitrogen injection strategy was proposed for the DEC LOCA transients. • Preliminary CATHARE study shows that most of the investigated transients fulfill criteria. • Further improvements and optimizations are needed for nitrogen injection. - Abstract: The helium cooled Gas Fast Reactor (GFR) is one of the six reactor concepts selected in the frame of the Generation IV International Forum. Since no gas cooled fast reactor has ever been built, a medium power demonstrator reactor – named ALLEGRO – is necessary on the road towards the 2400 MWth GFR power reactor. The French Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA) completed a wide range of studies during the early stage of development of ALLEGRO, and later the ALLEGRO reactor concept was developed in several European Union projects in parallel with the GFR2400. The 75 MW thermal power ALLEGRO is currently developed in the frame of the European ALLIANCE project. As a result of the collaboration between CEA and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Energy Research (MTA EK) new improvements were done in the safety approach of ALLEGRO. A complete Decay Heat Removal (DHR) strategy was devised, relying on the primary circuits as a first way to remove decay heat using pony-motors to drive the primary blowers, and on the secondary and tertiary circuits being able to work in forced or natural circulation. Three identical dedicated loops circulating in forced convection are used as a second way to remove decay heat, and these loops can circulate in natural convection for pressurized transients, providing a third way to remove decay heat in case of accidents when the primary circuit is still under pressure. The possibility to use nitrogen to enhance both forced and natural circulation is discussed. This DHR strategy is supported by a wide range of accident transient simulations performed using the CATHARE2 code

  4. Study of Charmless Bd,s0 → h+h'-π0 decays in LHCb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis work is about the identification of charmless three-body decays of neutral B mesons with a π0 in the final state (Bd,s0 → h+h'-π0) through the analysis of a 1.0 fb-1 data sample collected in 2011 by the LHCb experiment at the LHC. Those modes are sensitive to CKM parameters and allow to test Standard Model predictions related to CP violation. Some of them, such as Bs0 → K-π+π0 and Bs0 → K+K-π0, have not been observed previously. This is the first analysis with energetic π0 in LHCb. To evaluate the detector performance for π0, D*+ → D0 (→ K-π+π0)π+ decays have been selected. This provides a clean and high statistics sample of neutral pions used to study their energy calibration as well as the effectiveness of the π0/γ separation tool of the experiment. Radiative decays are indeed the most dangerous backgrounds for the study of Bd,s0 → h+h'-π0 modes. To select Bd,s0 → h+h'-π0 events, a dedicated trigger algorithm has been implemented. It complements the standard online selections and significantly improves the efficiency. Offline, obvious backgrounds, mainly from charm decays, are rejected applying simple criteria. The sample is then further purified using a multivariate classifier. At last, information from the ring imaging Cherenkov detectors allows to separate π+π-π0, K±π±π0 and K+K-π0 final states. A simultaneous fit of the reconstructed B mass spectra in the three sub-samples is used to extract the signal yields. It accounts for the different backgrounds remaining as well as for the signal cross-feeds from one sub-sample to the other. The B0 → π+π-π0, B0 → K+π-π0 and Bs0 → K+K-π0 contributions are clearly established. This is the first observation of the Bs0 → K+K-π0 decay mode. (author)

  5. Proton Decay Studies of the Light Lu, Tm and Ho Isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A double-sided Si-strip detector system has been installed and commissioned at the focal plane of the Recoil Mass Spectrometer at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility. The system can be used for heavy charged particle emission studies with half-lives as low as a few microsec. In this paper the authors present identification and study of the decay properties of the five new proton emitters: 140Ho, 141mHo, 145Tm, 150mLu and 151mLu

  6. Studying radiative B decays with the Atlas detector; Etude des desintegrations radiatives des mesons B dans le detecteur ATLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viret, S

    2004-09-01

    This thesis is dedicated to the study of radiative B decays with the ATLAS detector at the LHC (large hadron collider). Radiative decays belong to the rare decays family. Rare decays transitions involve flavor changing neutral currents (for example b {yields} s{gamma}), which are forbidden at the lowest order in the Standard Model. Therefore these processes occur only at the next order, thus involving penguin or box diagrams, which are very sensitive to 'new physics' contributions. The main goal of our study is to show that it would be possible to develop an online selection strategy for radiative B decays with the ATLAS detector. To this end, we have studied the treatment of low energy photons by the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter (ECal). Our analysis shows that ATLAS ECal will be efficient with these particles. This property is extensively used in the next section, where a selection strategy for radiative B decays is proposed. Indeed, we look for a low energy region of interest in the ECal as soon as the level 1 of the trigger. Then, photon identification cuts are performed in this region at level 2. However, a large part of the proposed selection scheme is also based on the inner detector, particularly at level 2. The final results show that large amounts of signal events could be collected in only one year by ATLAS. A preliminary significance (S/{radical}B) estimation is also presented. Encouraging results concerning the observability of exclusive radiative B decays are obtained. (author)

  7. Study of the doubly and singly Cabibbo suppressed decays D+ --> K+ pi+ pi- and Ds+ --> K+ pi+ pi-

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Lopes-Pegna, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Bryant, A D; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2004-01-01

    Using data collected by the high energy photoproduction experiment FOCUS at Fermilab we study the doubly and singly Cabibbo suppressed decays D+ and Ds+ --> K+ pi+ pi-. Branching ratios and Dalitz plot analyses are performed.

  8. ${\\beta}$-decay studies of neutron-rich $^{61-70}$Mn isotopes with the new LISOL ${\\beta}$-decay setup

    CERN Multimedia

    Diriken, J V J

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this proposal is to gather new information that will serve as benchmark to test shell model calculations in the region below $^{68}$Ni, where proper residual interactions are still under development. More specifically, the ${\\beta}$-decay experiment of the $^{61-70}$Mn isotopes will highlight the development of collectivity in the Fe isotopes and its daughters. At ISOLDE, neutron-rich Mn isotopes are produced with a UC$_{x}$ target and selective laser ionization. These beams are particularly pure and reasonable yields are obtained for the neutron-rich short lived $^{61-70}$Mn isotopes. We propose to perform ${\\beta}$-decay studies on $^{61-70}$Mn utilizing the newly-developed "LISOL ${\\beta}$-decay setup", consisting of two MINIBALL cluster Ge detectors and a standard tape station. The use of digital electronics in the readout of these detectors enables us to perform a "slow correlation technique" which should indicate the possible existence of isomers in the daughter nuclei.

  9. A scintillating bolometer array for double beta decay studies: The LUCIFER experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gironi, L.

    2016-07-01

    The main goal of the LUCIFER experiment is to study the neutrinoless double beta decay, a rare process allowed if neutrinos are Majorana particles. Although aiming at a discovery, in the case of insufficient sensitivity the LUCIFER technique will be the demonstrator for a higher mass experiment able to probe the entire inverted hierarchy region of the neutrino mass. In order to achieve this challenging result, high resolution detectors with active background discrimination capability are required. This very interesting possibility can be largely fulfilled by scintillating bolometers thanks to the simultaneous read-out of heat and light emitted by the interactions in the detector or by pulse shape analysis.

  10. Study of the decay phi --> pi+pi-pi0 with the KLOE detector

    OpenAIRE

    KLOE collaboration

    2003-01-01

    We present a study of the reaction e+e- --> pi+pi-pi0 at the phi peak W=M(phi)=1019.4 MeV observed with the KLOE detector at Dafne. The reaction is dominated by phi production and decay, e+e- --> phi --> pi+pi-pi0. From a fit to the Dalitz plot density distribution we obtain the rho-meson parameters for its three charge states. We also find the relative amplitudes for phi --> rhopi and phi -> pi+pi-pi0 and the cross-section for e+e- --> omega pi0 with omega --> pi+pi-.

  11. Statistic of extremes as an analytical tool in continuum γ-decay studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We apply the tools of the Statistics of Extremes to the nuclear continuum study, in our work we found an analytical function which is able to fit 'correctly' the energy ordered spectrum for the gamma rays from the decay in the continuum. The results suggest a way to extract experimentally physical parameters such as temperature and level density, which describe the nucleus to high excitation energy and high spin. We also show the possibility of distinguishing between different formalisms of level density and gamma strength. (Author)

  12. Belle II studies of missing energy decays and searches for dark photon production

    OpenAIRE

    Inguglia, Gianluca

    2016-01-01

    The Belle II experiment at the SuperKEKB collider is a major upgrade of the KEK "$B$ factory" facility in Tsukuba, Japan. The machine is designed for an instantaneous luminosity of $8\\times 10^{35}$~cm$^{-2}$\\,s$^{-1}$, and the experiment is expected to accumulate a data sample of about 50 ab$^{-1}$ well within the next decade. With this amount of data, decays sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model can be studied with unprecedented precision. One promising set of modes are physics pro...

  13. Belle II studies of missing energy decays and searches for dark photon production

    CERN Document Server

    Inguglia, Gianluca

    2016-01-01

    The Belle II experiment at the SuperKEKB collider is a major upgrade of the KEK "$B$ factory" facility in Tsukuba, Japan. The machine is designed for an instantaneous luminosity of $8\\times 10^{35}$~cm$^{-2}$\\,s$^{-1}$, and the experiment is expected to accumulate a data sample of about 50 ab$^{-1}$ well within the next decade. With this amount of data, decays sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model can be studied with unprecedented precision. One promising set of modes are physics processes with missing energy such as $B^+\\to\\tau^+\

  14. Study of sequential semileptonic decays of b hadrons produced at the Tevatron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apollinari, G.; Fiori, I.; Giromini, P.; Happacher, F.; Miscetti, S.; Parri, A.; Ptohos, F.; /Frascati /Fermilab /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore

    2005-07-01

    The authors present a study of rates and kinematical properties of lepton pairs contained in central jets with transverse energy E{sub T} {ge} 15 GeV that re produced at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. They compare the data to a QCD prediction based on the HERWIG and QQ Monte Carlo generator programs. They find that the data are poorly described by the simulation, in which sequential semileptonic decays of single b quarks (b {yields} l c X with c {yields} l s X) are the major source of such lepton pairs.

  15. Perturbative QCD study of $B_s$ decays to a pseudoscalar meson and a tensor meson

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Qin; Zou, Zhi-Tian; Yu, Xin; Li, Hsiang-nan; Lü, Cai-Dian

    2014-01-01

    We study two-body hadronic Bs→PT decays, with P(T) being a light pseudoscalar (tensor) meson, in the perturbative QCD approach. The CP-averaged branching ratios and the direct CP asymmetries of the ΔS=0 modes are predicted, where Δ S is the difference between the strange numbers of final and initial states. We also define and calculate experimental observables for the ΔS=1 modes under the Bs0–B¯s0 mixing, including CP averaged branching ratios, time-integrated CP asymmetries, and the CP obser...

  16. sup 3 P sub 0 study of meson decays in a chiral quark model

    CERN Document Server

    Bonnaz, R; Silvestre-Brac, B; Fernández, F; Valcarce, A

    2001-01-01

    The strong decays of a meson into two mesons are studied in the framework of the sup 3 P sub 0 model. The meson wave functions are determined by means of a realistic chiral quark model constructed in the baryon sector and comparison is made with a traditional potential of 'Coulomb + linear' type. Two different forms for the creation vertex are analyzed. A momentum dependent vertex is proved to be definitively superior. The chiral quark model provides an overall good description of all known transitions and gives results of roughly the same quality as those obtained from phenomenological quark-antiquark potentials.

  17. Study of multi-neutron emission in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{11}$Li

    CERN Multimedia

    A new investigation of neutron emission in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{11}$Li is proposed. The principal goal of this study will be to directly measure, for the first time for any system, two $\\beta$-delayed neutrons in coincidence and determine the energy and angular correlations. This will be possible using liquid scintillator detectors, capable of distinguishing between neutrons and ambient $\\gamma$ and cosmic-rays, coupled to a new digital electronics and acquisition system. In parallel, a considerably more refined picture of the single-neutron emission will be obtained.

  18. Study of low-lying states via EC/β+ decay for medium-heavy nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our previous experimental method and results of (EC+β+) decay for the medium-heavy nuclei 153Er, 157Yb, 209Fr, 128Ce, 130Ce, 128Pr, 130Pm and 140Tb have been briefly summarized. The observed low-lying states in their daughter nuclei and a 1 1/2- isomeric state in 133Pr have been reviewed in a systematic way and compared with different model calculations. Finally, some questions have been put forward for further study and discussion. (author)

  19. High-Statistics Study of the β+/EC-Decay of 110In

    OpenAIRE

    Varela A. Diaz; Garrett P.E.; Ball G.C.; Banjay J.C.; Cross D.S.; Demand G.A.; Finlay P.; Garnsworthy A.B.; Green K.L.; Hackman G.; Kulp W.D.; Leach K. G.; Orce J N; Phillips A.A.; Rand E. T.

    2014-01-01

    A study of the 110In β+/EC decay was performed at the TRIUMF Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC) facility to probe the nuclear structure of 110Cd. The data were collected in scaled-down γ-ray singles, γ − γ coincidence, and γ-electron coincidence mode. The data were sorted and a random-background subtracted γ − γ matrix was created containing a total of 850 million events. We expanded the level scheme of 110Cd significantly by identifying 75 levels under 3.8 MeV, including 12 new ones, a...

  20. A study of gravitational collapse with decaying of the vacuum energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the gravitational collapse of a dust dark matter, in a Λ background. We consider two distinct cases: First we do not have a dark matter and dark energy coupling; second, we consider that Λ decay in dark particles. The approach adopted assumes a modified matter expansion rate and we have formation of a black hole, since that, we have the formation of an apparent horizon. Finally, a brief comparison of the process of matter condensation using the gravitational collapse approach and the linear scalar perturbation theory is considered. (author)

  1. Shape coexistence and shell-model intruder states in the lead region studied by $\\alpha$ -decay

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    % IS336 \\\\ \\\\ Low-lying 0$^+$ states in even-even nuclei near closed shells can be a manifestation of the coexistence of different shapes in the same nucleus. Deformed bandstructures built upon these 0$^+$ states, coexisting at low energy with the ground state band, have been observed in several regions of the nuclear chart, including the Z=82 region. Such structures have been found in the neutron-deficient even Pb nuclei and the mixing between intruder and normal states has been studied by the $\\alpha$- decay of $^{194, 196, 198}$Po towards the 0$^+$ excited and ground states in $^{190, 192, 194}$Pb using $\\alpha$-e-t coincidence events. It is expected that shape coexistence will occur in the light Po isotopes as well. Evidence for a deformed band at low excitation energy in $^{196, 198}$Po has been found in in-beam studies and the $\\alpha$-decay of $^{202}$Rn studied at ISOLDE revealed feeding to a 0$^+$~state at 816~keV in $^{198}$Po. \\\\ \\\\It is our intention to investigate the $^{194, 196}$Po nuclei with ...

  2. Study of charm production through the decay of B mesons in the BABAR experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BABAR experiment, located at SLAC (Stanford, California), has been dedicated, since 1999, to the study of B meson decays produced in electron positron collisions with an energy in the center of mass frame equal to the mass of Ε(4S) resonance. In this experiment, the charged particles identification is provided, in particular by the measurement of the energy loss per length unit in the drift chamber. In order to improve the calibration of this quantity, a selection of electrons/positrons from radiative Bhabha events was performed; with the new sample the charge asymmetry in the charged particles reconstruction was reduced. In B meson decays, the inclusive production of charmed particles (D0, D0-bar, D±, Ds±, Λc±) is measured with a new analysis method, made possible by the large statistics accumulated by the BABAR experiment. B and B-bar mesons are produced simultaneously from the Ε(4S) resonance. The events are selected by reconstructing completely one B in a hadronic channel. Charmed particles from the other B are then reconstructed with the remaining tracks. This enables the measurement of the total number of charm produced in B+ and in B0 decays separating the correlated charm production (quark transitions: b → cX) from the anti-correlated production (quark transitions: b → c-bar X). The results obtained on an integrated luminosity of 210 fb-1 are the following: NcB+ = 0.970 ± 0.042; Nc-barB+ 0.262 ± 0.034; NcB0 = 0.950 ± 0.057; Nc-barB0 0.285 ± 0.048. This new method also allows the measurement of the momentum of the charmed particles in the B rest frame. Access to the different production mechanisms of these particles is thereby provided. (author)

  3. Study of the radiative decay of the φ vector meson through e+e- annihilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is dedicated to the M2N (Neutral Modes Mesons) experiment whose main aim has been to measure the decay radiative modes of the φ meson. We have studied the 2 decay channels: φ → ηγ and φ → π0γ in the electron-positron collider of Orsay (ACO). This work is divided into 4 parts, the first part presents a theoretical background on the radiative decay of the φ meson including kinematics, the production cross-section, the quark model and the SU3 symmetry group. The second part describes the experiment with its detection system based on spark chambers and scintillation counters. The principles of data acquisition and data processing are presented, about 106 photos have been taken during the experiment. The third part deals with data analysis, the determination of the detection efficiency is made through a Monte-Carlo simulation of 3 γ events. About 1721 events releasing 3 γ have been measured, they correspond to the 4 following reactions: e+e- → φ → KS0Kl0; e+e- → 3γ; e+e- → φ → ηγ → 3γ; and e+e- → φ → π0γ → 3γ. In order to extract the signal due only to the last 2 reactions, 3 new selection criteria have been set based on position, energy and angle limit. The last part presents the experimental results, we have got: σ(φ → ηγ) = (66 ± 15) nb and σ(φ → π0γ) = (6.2 ± 1.6) nb

  4. Study of GRB light curve decay indices in the afterglow phase

    CERN Document Server

    Del Vecchio, Roberta; Ostrowski, Michał

    2016-01-01

    In this work we study the distribution of temporal power-law decay indices, $\\alpha$, in the Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) afterglow phase, fitted for $176$ GRBs (139 long GRBs, 12 short GRBs {\\it with extended emission} and 25 X-Ray Flashes (XRFs)) with known redshifts. These indices are compared to the values of characteristic afterglow luminosity, $L_a$, the time, $T_a^*$, and the decay index, $\\alpha_W$, derived with global light curve fitting using the \\cite{willingale07} model. This model fitting yields similar distributions of $\\alpha_W$ to the fitted $\\alpha$, but for individual bursts a difference can be significant. Analysis of the ($\\alpha$, $L_a$) distribution reveals only a weak correlation of these quantities. However, we discovered a significant regular trend when studying GRB $\\alpha$ values along the $L_a$ versus $T_a^*$ (LT) distribution, with systematic variation of $\\alpha$ parameter distribution with luminosity for any selected $T_a^*$. We analyze this systematics with respect to the fitted LT co...

  5. A Variational Study of Passive Scalar Decay with the Amplitude Mapping Closure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyink, Gregory L.

    1997-11-01

    We use the Statistical Rayleigh-Ritz Method (SRRM) to study passive scalar decay. SRRM makes computational use of the exact dynamical equations in regimes currently inaccessible to Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS), by exploiting intuitive guesses or Ansätze for the system statistics ( G. L. Eyink, Phys. Rev. E, 54) 3419 (1996). The method is applied here to the advection-diffusion equations within the amplitude mapping closure (H. Chen, S. Chen, and R. H. Kraichnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63) 2657 (1989). We derive all multi-time scalar correlations simultaneously by studying the statistical histories of the ``fine-grained'' or ``empirical'' PDF. For this quantity we derive an effective action of Onsager-Machlup type, formally equivalent to a stochastic Langevin model. The amplitude mapping Ansatz is shown to lead to a realizability failure for predicted multi-time statistics, due to the arbitrariness of scalar decay rate. Because this realizability breakdown is restricted to moments of quadratic order or lower, it is still meaningful to compare with experiment for higher moments. For mapping closure with a time-dependent Gaussian reference field (S. Girimaji, Phys. Fluids A 4) 2875 (1992), we present analytical solutions of joint two-time PDF's of the scalar with an initial PDF either Gaussian or double-delta.

  6. Study of the inclusive decay of B mesons into D*+ mesons in the DELPHI experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The measurement of the inclusive branching ratio P(b → D*+) improves the knowledge of beauty decays, specially regarding the strong interaction influence. The DELPHI experiment at LEP provides a power full tool to study such heavy flavor processus. The analysis of the data relies on one hand on the exclusive reconstruction of the decay D*+ → D0(K-π+)π+ and on the other hand on the statistical separation of the two contributions b → D*+ and c → D*+ based on the D0 flight time. The following results are obtained: Br(Zh → D*+ → D0 (K-π+)π+) = (0,4364 ± 0,0112(stat) ± 0,0205(syst)) %; P(b → D*+) = 0,2022 ±) 0,0121(stat) ± 0,0130(syst); Rc X P(c → D*+ → D0(K-π+)π+) = (0,9027 ± 0,0673(stat) ± 0,0533(syst)) x 10-3. The uncertainty on the efficiency for reconstructing tracks and the knowledge of background contribution represent the main systematics sources, whereas the influence of fragmentation model is negligible. (author)

  7. Higgs-bosons at TESLA: studies on production in WW-fusion and total decay width

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are two production processes for Higgs-bosons at future lepton colliders like TESLA which have cross sections high enough for precision studies. These are Higgs-strahlung e+e- → HZ and WW-fusion e+e- → H νe anti νe. While events from Higgs-strahlung can be selected rather easy when reconstructing the Z-boson those from WW-fusion are more challenging. The exact measurement of the cross section of WW-fusion provides not only a possibility to distinguish between SM and MSSM; furthermore the results can be used for indirect determinations of the total decay width of the observed Higgs-boson. This thesis introduces a selection for the measurement of the cross section of WW-fusion considering most of the possible background processes. As results, the measurement errors achievable for Higgs-masses 120 GeV H < 160 GeV at √(s) = 350 GeV and 500 GeV are given. The impact on the errors for determining the total decay width of these results is derived for the same set of parameters. (orig.)

  8. Study of Hadronic Five-Body Decays of Charmed Mesons Involving $K_S^0$

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Jacobs, J; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Wahl, M; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Lopes-Pegna, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Luiggi, E; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M S; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2003-01-01

    We study the decay of $D^0$ and $D^+_s$ mesons into five-body final states including a $K_S^0$ and report the discovery of the decay mode $D_s^+\\to K_S^0 K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-$. The branching ratio for the new mode is {${\\Gamma(D_s^+\\to K_S^0K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^+)} \\over {\\Gamma(D_s^+\\to K_S^0K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+)}$} = 0.102$\\pm0.029\\pm$0.029. We also determine the branching ratio of {${\\Gamma(D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^-)} \\over {\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$} = 0.095$\\pm0.005\\pm$0.007 as well as an upper limit for {${\\Gamma(D^0\\to K_S^0K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-)} \\over {\\Gamma(D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^-)}$} $<$ 0.054 (90% CL). An analysis of the resonant substructure for $D^0 \\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^-$ is also performed.

  9. Study of Lambda/c+ Cabibbo Favored Decays Containing a Lambda Baryon in the Final State

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Castromonte, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, F L; Pacetti, S; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Göbel, C; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Moore, J E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2005-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS experiment (FNAL-E831), we study the decay of $\\Lambda^+_c$ baryons into final states containing a $\\Lambda$ hyperon. The branching fractions of $\\Lambda^+_c$ into $\\Lambda \\pi^+$, $\\Lambda \\pi^+ \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $\\Lambda \\bar{K} ^0 K^+$ relative to that into $pK^-\\pi^+$ are measured to be $0.217 \\pm 0.013 \\pm 0.020$, $0.508 \\pm 0.024 \\pm 0.024$ and $0.142 \\pm 0.018 \\pm 0.022$, respectively. We also report new measurements of $\\frac{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Sigma^0 \\pi^+)}{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Lambda \\pi^+)} = 1.09 \\pm 0.11 \\pm 0.19$, $\\frac{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Sigma^0 \\pi^+\\pi^+ \\pi^-)}{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Lambda \\pi^+ \\pi^+ \\pi^-)} = 0.26 \\pm 0.06 \\pm 0.09$ and $\\frac{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Xi(1690)^0(\\Lambda \\bar{K} ^0) K^+)}{\\Gamma(\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Lambda \\bar{K} ^0 K^+)} = 0.33 \\pm 0.10 \\pm 0.04$. Further, an analysis of the subresonant structure for the $\\Lambda^+_c \\to \\Lambda \\pi^+\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay mode is presented.

  10. A study of $d^*(2380)\\to d \\pi\\pi$ decay width

    CERN Document Server

    Dong, Yubing; Huang, Fei; Zhang, Zongye

    2015-01-01

    The decay widths of the $\\ds\\to d \\pi^0\\pi^0$ and $\\ds\\to d \\pi^+\\pi^-$ processes are explicitly calculated in terms of our chiral quark model. By using the experimental ratios of cross sections between various decay channels, the partial widths of the $\\ds\\to pn \\pi^0\\pi^0$, $\\ds\\to pn \\pi^+\\pi^-$, $\\ds\\to pp \\pi^0\\pi^-$, and $\\ds\\to nn \\pi^+\\pi^0$ channels are also extracted. Further including the estimated partial width for the $\\ds\\to pn $ process, the total width of the $\\ds$ resonance is obtained. In the first step of the practical calculation, the effect of the dynamical structure on the width of $\\ds$ is studied in the single $\\Delta\\Delta$ channel approximation. It is found that the width is reduced by few tens of MeV, in comparison with the one obtained by considering the effect of the kinematics only. This presents the importance of such effect from the dynamical structure. However, the obtained width with the single $\\Delta\\Delta$ channel wave function is still too large to explain the data. It im...

  11. Precision study on $ZZ\\gamma$ production including $Z$-boson leptonic decays at the ILC

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Zhang; Wen-Gan, Ma; Ren-You, Zhang; Chong, Chen

    2015-01-01

    We report on the precision predictions for the \\eezzr process including $Z$-boson leptonic decays at the ILC in the standard model (SM). The calculation includes the full next-to-leading (NLO) electroweak (EW) corrections and high order initial state radiation (h.o.ISR) contributions. We find that the NLO EW corrections heavily suppress the LO cross section, and the h.o.ISR effects are notable near the threshold while become small in high energy region. We present the LO and the NLO EW+h.o.ISR corrected distributions of the transverse momenta of final $Z$-boson and photon as well as the $Z$-pair invariant mass, and investigate the corresponding NLO EW and h.o.ISR relative corrections. We also study the leptonic decays of the final $Z$-boson pair by adopting the {\\sc MadSpin} method where the spin correlation effect is involved. We conclude that both the h.o.ISR effects and the NLO EW corrections are important in exploring the $ZZ\\gamma$ production at the ILC.

  12. Precision study of ZZγ production including Z-boson leptonic decays at the ILC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yu; Duan, Peng-Fei [Kunming University of Science and Technology, City College, Kunming, Yunnan (China); Ma, Wen-Gan; Zhang, Ren-You; Chen, Chong [University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), Department of Modern Physics, Hefei, Anhui (China)

    2016-02-15

    We report on the precision predictions for the e{sup +}e{sup -} → ZZγ process including Z-boson leptonic decays at the ILC in the standard model (SM). The calculation includes the full next-to-leading (NLO) electroweak (EW) corrections and high order initial state radiation (h.o. ISR) contributions. We find that the NLO EW corrections heavily suppress the LO cross section, and the h.o. ISR effects are notable near the threshold while become small in high energy region. We present the LO and the NLO EW+h.o. ISR corrected distributions of the transverse momenta of final Z-boson and photon as well as the Z-pair invariant mass, and we investigate the corresponding NLO EW and h.o. ISR relative corrections. We also study the leptonic decays of the final Z-boson pair by adopting the MadSpin method where the spin correlation effect is involved. We conclude that both the h.o. ISR effects and the NLO EW corrections are important in exploring the ZZγ production at the ILC. (orig.)

  13. Signal and background studies for the search of neutrinoless double beta decay in GERDA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agostini, Matteo

    2013-04-24

    The GERDA experiment searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76, by operating bare HPGe detectors in ultra-pure liquid Ar. This dissertation presents a first decomposition of the background measured in the current data-taking phase. The background at the energy of interest was found to be dominated by {sup 214}Bi, {sup 208}Tl and {sup 42}K gamma-rays, with secondary contributions from {sup 42}K and {sup 214}Bi beta-rays, and {sup 210}Po alpha-rays. For the forthcoming upgrade of the apparatus, a new HPGe detector design (BEGe) has been studied, with focus on its capability of suppressing the identified backgrounds through pulse shape analysis. This included the development of a comprehensive modeling of the detectors and the experimental characterization of their response to surface interactions. The achieved results show that GERDA can improve the present limit on the neutrinoless double beta decay half-life by an order of magnitude.

  14. (EC+β+) decay study of 130Ce and it's radiochemical separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclide 130Ce was produced by a (16O, 4n) reaction carried out at the SFC accelerator of IMP on an enriched 118Sn target. Reaction products were moved to a shielded location by a He-jet tape-transport system, then using a radiochemical separation procedure in which a solvent extraction and precipitation with oxalic acid method was applied, Ce was separated, purified and made into thin sample rapidly, and then a single spectrum as well as X-γ, γ-γ coincidence measurements was performed. A 22.9 min activity in chemical separated sample was identified as 130Ce. The decay scheme was proposed for the first time. The scheme included 108 lines of γ rays, among which 107 being new. Total separation time of this new chemical procedure was about 10 min, and the chemical yield was about 70%. More than 98% La produced in nuclear reaction was removed, decontamination of other impurities also satisfied the requirement of study of 130Ce (EC + β+) decay scheme

  15. Study of MSSM heavy Higgs bosons decaying into charginos and neutralinos

    CERN Document Server

    Barman, Rahool K; Chakraborty, Amit; Choudhury, Arghya

    2016-01-01

    A multitude of searches have already been performed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC to probe the heavy Higgses of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) through their decay to the Standard Model particles. In this paper, we study the decay of the MSSM heavy Higgses into neutralino and chargino pairs and estimate the maximum possible branching ratios for these `ino' modes being consistent with the present LHC data. After performing a random scan of the relevant electroweakino parameters, we impose the SM 125 GeV Higgs constraints, low energy flavour data as well as current bounds on heavy Higgses from the LHC run-I and run-II data. The present limits on the electroweakino masses and couplings are also considered in our analysis. We choose a few representative benchmark points satisfying all the above-mentioned constraints, and then perform a detailed collider simulation, including fast detector effects, and analyze all the potential SM backgrounds in order to estimate the discovery rea...

  16. Study of the nuclear shakeoff in (EC+β+) decay nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The probability per K capture for double K-hole creation in the electron capture and positron decay branches of 207Bi was studied by recording a triple coincidence of (Kα+γ)sumpeak Kα X when the two K-shell vacancies are filled. In onedetector, we looked for the sum of the Kα X-rays nd the 0.570-MeV γ-rays which was in coincidence with the Kα X-rays in the other detector. The probability of double K-shell vacancy production due to only the electron capture for this (EC+β+) decay nucleus wasfound to be (1.15±0.03)x10-5, which is a factor of 0.58 times the theoretical trend in the predictions by Suzuki n Law. The energy shifts of the Pb (Kα2)H and Pb(Kα1)H hypersatellite lines were found to be 1.125 and 1.238 keV, respectively, which are nearly the same as those calculated by Chen et al

  17. Letter of intent for a study of CP violation in B meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major unresolved issue in the understanding of the Universe is how the current Universe evolved from the matter-antimatter symmetric Big Bang. CP-violating effects have played a key role in the development of the Universe. Since the Kobayashi-Maskawa hypothesis of six quarks has been substantiated, the K-M model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. Observations indicated that it would be feasible to carry out the decisive tests of the K-M model by studying B meson decay. The observation of CP-violating asymmetry in B meson decay would be the first successful demonstration of a CP-violating effect outside K0 meson system, and would be the dramatic confirmation of the K-M model. In light of the strong competition in this research, the upgrade of the TRISTAN facility and the construction of a detector must be ready as early as possible. In this letter of intent for the experiment at National Laboratory for High Energy Physics B Factory, the goals of this experiment, detector requirements and optimization, accelerator-detector interface, the reference design, physics simulation, and cost, schedule and organization are described. (K.I.) 140 refs

  18. Study of the Suppressed B meson Decay B^- -> D K^-, D -> K^+ \\pi^-

    CERN Document Server

    Horii, Y; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aulchenko, V; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Bedny, I; Belous, K S; Bhardwaj, V; Bitenc, U; Blyth, S; Bozek, A; Brako, M; Browder, T E; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Dash, M; Eidelman, S; Gabyshev, N; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayasaka, K; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hyun, H J; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kah, D H; Kaji, H; Kang, J H; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, H J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Krian, P; Krokovny, P; Kuo, C C; Kuroki, Y; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lee, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Li, J; Lin, S W; Liu, C; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Moloney, G R; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakao, M; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Ozaki, H; Pakhlova, G; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Peak, L S; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider, O; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Somov, A; Stani, S; Stari, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, S; Takasaki, F; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Teramoto, Y; Tsuboyama, T; Uehara, S; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Wang, C H; Wang, M Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Won, E; Yamamoto, H; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A; Zyukova, O

    2008-01-01

    We report a study of the suppressed B meson decay B^- -> D K^-, D -> K^+ \\pi^-, where D indicates D^0 or \\bar{D}^0, which plays an important role in the extraction of the CP-violating angle \\phi_3. We use a data sample containing 657 x 10^6 B\\bar{B} pairs recorded at the \\Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e^+ e^- storage ring. The signal is not statistically significant, and we set a 90% C.L. upper limit of r_B \\bar{D}^0 K^-)/A(B^- -> D^0 K^-)|. The decay B^- -> D \\pi^-, D -> K^+ \\pi^- is also analyzed as a reference, for which we observe a signal with 8.4\\sigma statistical significance, and measure the charge asymmetry A_{D\\pi} to be -0.023 \\pm 0.218 \\pm 0.071. In addition, the ratio B(B^- -> D^0 K^-)/B(B^- -> D^0 \\pi^-) is measured to be (6.77 \\pm 0.23 \\pm 0.30) x 10^{-2}.

  19. Integrating mRNA Decay Information into Co-Regulation Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Chen; Hong-Yu Zhao

    2005-01-01

    Absolute or relative transcript amounts measured through high-throughput technologies (e.g., microarrays)are now commonly used in bioinformatics analysis, such as gene clustering and DNA binding motif finding. However,transcription rates that represent mRNA synthesis may be more relevant in these analyses. Because transcription rates are not equivalent to transcript amounts unless the mRNA degradation rates as well as other factors that affect transcript amount are identical across different genes, the use of transcription rates in bioinformatics analysis may lead to a better description of the relationships among genes and better identification of genomic signals. In this article, we propose to use experimentally measured mRNA decay rates and mRNA transcript amounts to jointly infer transcription rates, and then use the inferred transcription rates in downstream analyses. For gene expression similarity analysis, we find that there tends to be higher correlations among co-regulated genes when transcription-rate-based correlations are used compared to those based on transcript amounts. In the context of identifying DNA binding motifs, using inferred transcription rates leads to more significant findings than those based on transcript amounts. These analyses suggest that the incorporation of mRNA decay rates and the use of the inferred transcription rates can facilitate the study of gene regulations and the reconstruction of transcriptional regulatory networks.

  20. Simulation of exponential decay on simple quantum circuits: a case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of potential applications of quantum processors should be a simulation of dynamics of quantum systems. In this paper we analyse whether it is possible to simulate a paradigmatic model of an exponential decay of a two-level system using a programmable quantum gate array. That is, we would like to simulate the decay of a two-level system in such a way that the parameters of the decay itself are encoded in the state of the ancilla that serves as a program for the programmable gate array. We show that it is impossible to simulate the exponential decay precisely with the finite-dimensional programmable gate array. On the other hand, we present a very simple model of a Markovian decay process that can be efficiently simulated on a simple programmable gate array. We compare this Markovian process with the exponential decay

  1. Studies of decay properties of fission-product isotopes using the INEL ISOL facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the INEL ISOL facility, the authors are presently involved in a systematic study of the nuclear decay properties of neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes; with 252Cf as the source of fission products. In addition to use of traditional nuclear spectroscopic techniques, this study also involves use of a total absorption γ-ray spectrometer (TAGS) developed for direct-measurement of β-feeding (β-strength) distributions. A feature of this use of the TAGS system is that it provides information on the completeness of the level feeding information deduced from the nuclear spectroscopic measurements. Some results of this work, for the neutron-rich isotopes of Nd, Pm and Sm, are discussed

  2. A study of parton fragmentation in hadronic Z0 decays using ΛbarΛ correlations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The correlated production of Λ and anti Λ baryons has been studied using 4.3 million multihadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. Di-lambda pairs were investigated in the full data sample and for the first time also in 2-jet and 3-jet events selected with the k perpendicularto algorithm. The distributions of rapidity differences from correlated Λ and anti Λ pairs exhibit short-range, local correlations and prove to be a sensitive tool to test models, particularly for 2-jet events. The JETSET model describes the data best but some extra parameter tuning is needed to improve agreement with the experimental results in the rates and the rapidity spectra simultaneously. The recently developed modification of JETSET, the MOdified Popcorn Scenarium (MOPS), and also HERWIG do not give satisfactory results. This study of di-lambda production in 2- and 3-jet events supports the short-range compensation of quantum numbers. (orig.)

  3. A study of parton fragmentation in hadronic Z0 decays using Λanti Λ correlations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The correlated production of Λ and anti Λ baryons has been studied using 4.3 million multihadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. Lambda pairs were investigated in the full data sample and for the first time also in 2-jet and 3-jet events selected with the k perpendicularto algorithm. The distributions of rapidity differences from correlated Λanti Λ pairs exhibit short-range, local correlations and prove to be a sensitive tool to test models, particularly for 2-jet events. The JETSET model describes the data best but some extra parameter tuning is needed to improve agreement with the experimental results in the rates and the rapidity spectra simultaneously. The recently developed modification of Jetset, the modified popcorn scenarium (MOPS), and also HERWIG do not give satisfactory results. This study of di-lambda production in 2- and 3-jet events supports the short-range compensation of quantum numbers. (orig.)

  4. Study of 138La radioactive decays using LaBr3 scintillators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a detailed investigation of the intrinsic activity of LaBr3 scintillators from the natural abundance of radioactive isotope 138La. Compared to earlier studies of lanthanum halides intrinsic activity, we gained a sharper insight by using samples of different sizes, ranging from 0.16 cm3 to 347 cm3, and by applying in our recent analysis results on the non-proportionality of scintillation response. In addition, we took advantage of the fact that LaBr3 spectrometers offer a unique opportunity, never available before, to study the characteristics of the 138La electron capture and β radioactive decays that are 2nd order unique forbidden transitions. The observed shape of the β continuum, measured down to the energy of 2 keV, is found to be different than expected from standard nuclear theory, indicating a possible underestimation of the screening effect for β energies below 75 keV.

  5. Processing of data issued from γ spectrometer. Application to the study of decay schemes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of the following report is the study of a generation method of γ spectra corresponding to any energy, from a library of some basic spectra. Then we point out how to establish the decay scheme of a radio-nuclide, in using an accurate analysis of full-energy peaks which appear in its complex spectrum, followed by a generation of plain spectra corresponding to the energies of the different transitions, and ending with a least-squares fitting procedure of the complex spectrum. The accuracy of the process is examined comparing the calculated spectra to the ones issued from two kinds of spectrometers (Na I(Tl) and Ge(Li)). The method is then applied to the study of 134Cs and 95Zr - 95Nb. (authors)

  6. A Study of Parton Fragmentation in Hadronic $Z^{0}$ Decays Using $\\Lambda \\overline\\Lambda$ Correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Abbiendi, G; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Altekamp, N; Anderson, K J; Anderson, S; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Ashby, S F; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Bartoldus, R; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Bechtluft, J; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Bethke, Siegfried; Betts, S; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bird, S D; Blobel, Volker; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bobinski, M; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Burgard, C; Bürgin, R; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Ciocca, C; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Couyoumtzelis, C; Coxe, R L; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Davis, R; De Jong, S; del Pozo, L A; de Roeck, A; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Eatough, D; Estabrooks, P G; Etzion, E; Evans, H G; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fleck, I; Folman, R; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gascon, J; Gascon-Shotkin, S M; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Gibson, V; Gibson, W R; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Harder, K; Hargrove, C K; Hartmann, C; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herndon, M; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hillier, S J; Hobson, P R; Höcker, Andreas; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ishii, K; Jacob, F R; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Kayal, P I; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Koetke, D S; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kühl, T; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lautenschlager, S R; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Lazic, D; Lee, A M; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Liebisch, R; List, B; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, A W; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Ludwig, J; Liu, D; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W F; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Markopoulos, C; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menke, S; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, J; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mir, R; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nellen, B; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pálinkás, J; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pérez-Ochoa, R; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poffenberger, P R; Polok, J; Przybycien, M B; Rembser, C; Rick, Hartmut; Robertson, S; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Roscoe, K; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sang, W M; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharf, F; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schmitt, B; Schmitt, S; Schmitz, R E; Schöning, A; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Sittler, A; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Steuerer, J; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Surrow, B; Talbot, S D; Tanaka, S; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomson, M A; Von Törne, E; Torrence, E; Towers, S; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turcot, A S; Turner-Watson, M F; Van Kooten, R; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Wagner, A; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wermes, N; White, J S; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Yekutieli, G; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D

    2000-01-01

    The correlated production of Lambda and Lambdabar baryons has been studied using 4.3 million multihadronic Zo decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. Di-lambda pairs were investigated in the full data sample and for the first time also in 2-jet and 3-jet events selected with the k_t algorithm. The distributions of rapidity differences from correlated Lambda-Lambdabar pairs exhibit short-range, local correlations and prove to be a sensitive tool to test models, particularly for 2-jet events. The JETSET model describes the data best but some extra parameter tuning is needed to improve agreement with the experimental results in the rates and the rapidity spectra simultaneously. The recently developed modification of JETSET, the MOdified Popcorn Scenarium (MOPS), and also HERWIG do not give satisfactory results. This study of di-lambda production in 2- and 3-jet events supports the short-range compensation of quantum numbers.

  7. Study of the Beta-Decay Properties of Extremely Proton-Rich Nuclei

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The most proton-rich nuclei known to date have isospin projections $ T _{Z} $ ~=~-3/2, -2 and -5/2. \\\\ \\\\ We propose to carry out a study of their superallowed beta decays, a phenomenon that can only be studied in this region of the nuclear chart. The main aim is to determine the ``effective charge'' in nuclei of the axial vector coupling, the quantity $ ( g'_{A} / g _{A} ) ^{2} $ , which in a recent first experiment on a ~~ $ T _{Z} $~~=~-2 nucleus was determined to be 0.49~$\\pm$~0.05. \\\\ \\\\ Because of the problems connected with the production and acceleration of radioactive ions, our proposal aims at selected elements: neon, argon and rubidium (production runs), magnesium (test and production runs) and calcium (test). Data have so far been taken for $^1

  8. A study of surface semi-geostrophic turbulence: freely decaying dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Ragone, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    In this study we give a characterization of semi-geostrophic turbulence by performing freely decaying simulations of the semi-geostrophic equations for the case of constant uniform potential vorticity, a set of equations known as surface semi-geostrophic approximation. The equations are formulated as conservation laws for potential temperature and potential vorticity, with a nonlinear Monge-Amp\\'{e}re type inversion equation for the streamfunction, expressed in a transformed coordinate system that follows the geostrophic flow. We perform model studies of turbulent surface semi-geostrophic flows in a doubly-periodic domain in the horizontal limited in the vertical by two rigid lids, allowing for variations of potential temperature at one of the boundaries, and we compare them with the corresponding surface quasi-geostrophic case. Results show that, while surface quasi-geostrophic dynamics is dominated by a symmetric population of cyclones-anticyclones, surface semi-geostrophic dynamics features a prominent rol...

  9. Phenomenological Study of Strong Decays of Heavy Hadrons in Heavy Quark Effective Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Tregoures, N P

    2000-01-01

    The application of the tensor formalism of the heavy quark effective theory (HQET) at leading order to strong decays of heavy hadrons is presented. Comparisons between experimental and theoretical predictions of ratios of decay rates for B mesons, D mesons and kaons are given. The application of HQET to strange mesons presents some encouraging results. The spin-flavor symmetry is used to predict some decay rates that have not yet been measured.

  10. Study of plasma current decay in the initial phase of high poloidal beta disruptions in JT-60U

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to validate some current decay models during the current quench, the plasma current decay time was studied using the experimental plasma resistance and inductance in high poloidal beta, βp, disruptions in JT-60U. The plasma resistance and inductance were evaluated from an equilibrium calculation code and the measurement value of a magnetic sensor, the electron temperature evaluated by using ECE measurement and the electron density measured by FIR interferometer. In high βp disruptions, it was found that the electron temperature at the plasma center just after current quench starts was approximately 1-4 keV under almost the same current decay time observed during the initial phase of current quench. This result indicates that the electron temperature itself plays no major role in the determination of the current decay time in the initial phase of current quench. Moreover, the current decay time predicted by a modified L/R model, in which the time derivative of plasma inductance was considered, was in good agreement with the experimental current decay time, while the values obtained from the conventional L/R model were two orders of magnitude larger than the experimental results. (author)

  11. Complete correlation studies of two-proton decays: 6Be and 45Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complete three-body correlation pictures are experimentally reconstructed for the two-proton decays of the 6Be and 45Fe ground states. We are able to see qualitative similarities and differences between these decays. They demonstrate very good agreement with the predictions of a theoretical three-body cluster model. Validity of the theoretical methods for treatment of the three-body Coulombic decays of this class is thus established by the broad range of lifetimes and nuclear masses spanned by these cases. Implementations for decay dynamics and nuclear structure of 2p emitters are discussed.

  12. Environmental risk factors associated with tooth decay in children: a review of four studies in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tintin Farihatini

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available There is growing concern over studying the environmental impacts on human health. Among the world’s population, children are particularly vulnerable to environmental threats.Currently, in certain areas of Indonesia, there are significant problems with water quality, especially as many consume surface water for drinking. There is evidence that this contributes to tooth decay – the process of dental caries. Furthermore, teeth provide an excellent chronological record of nutritional status and trace metal exposure during human development.This paper provides an overview of risk factors for dental caries and reviews four epidemiological and laboratory studies that have addressed these issues in Indonesia. First, Winanto in 1993 showed that acidity and high tin (Sn concentrations in drinking water are associated with the erosion of permanent teeth in children living close to a tin mining area. Second, Wulandari in 2009, using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS, showed that deciduous teeth containing high concentration of lead (Pb have 3 times higher risks of contracting caries. Third, Satrio in 2010 compared the dental status of children who consumed rain water with those using other sources of drinking water: this revealed that low concentration of Fluoride in drinking water contributes 19 times higher risk of dental caries and low pH 22 times the risk compared to water of neutral pH. Fourth, Musadad in 2009 undertook an ecological study on the effect of drinking water quality in relation to dental caries and revealed significant associations with acidity, total water consumption, household expenditure and the distance from a subject’s residence to the nearest dental health provider.Thus, in Indonesia, tooth decay is not only associated with poor diet and poor oral hygiene; it also reflects poor environment.

  13. Study of $B^+_c$ decays to the $K^+K^-\\pi^+$ final state and evidence for the decay $B^+_c\\to\\chi_{c0}\\pi^+$

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio Augusto; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Andreassi, Guido; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; d'Argent, Philippe; Arnau Romeu, Joan; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Babuschkin, Igor; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baesso, Clarissa; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Batsukh, Baasansuren; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Bel, Lennaert; Bellee, Violaine; Belloli, Nicoletta; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bertolin, Alessandro; Betti, Federico; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bezshyiko, Iaroslava; Bifani, Simone; Billoir, Pierre; Bird, Thomas; Birnkraut, Alex; Bitadze, Alexander; Bizzeti, Andrea; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frederic; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Boettcher, Thomas; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borgheresi, Alessio; Borghi, Silvia; Borisyak, Maxim; Borsato, Martino; Bossu, Francesco; Boubdir, Meriem; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Braun, Svende; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Buchanan, Emma; Burr, Christopher; Bursche, Albert; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Campora Perez, Daniel Hugo; Capriotti, Lorenzo; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carniti, Paolo; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cavallero, Giovanni; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chatzikonstantinidis, Georgios; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chobanova, Veronika; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cogoni, Violetta; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collazuol, Gianmaria; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Costa Sobral, Cayo Mar; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Crocombe, Andrew; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dall'Occo, Elena; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Aguiar Francisco, Oscar; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Serio, Marilisa; De Simone, Patrizia; Dean, Cameron Thomas; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Demmer, Moritz; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Dey, Biplab; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Su{á}rez, Alvaro; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dufour, Laurent; Dujany, Giulio; Dungs, Kevin; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; D{é}l{é}age, Nicolas; Easo, Sajan; Ebert, Marcus; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Fazzini, Davide; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Fernandez Prieto, Antonio; Ferrari, Fabio; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fini, Rosa Anna; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fleuret, Frederic; Fohl, Klaus; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forshaw, Dean Charles; Forty, Roger; Franco Lima, Vinicius; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; F{ä}rber, Christian; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garcia Martin, Luis Miguel; Garc{í}a Pardi{ñ}as, Juli{á}n; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Garsed, Philip John; Gascon, David; Gaspar, Clara; Gavardi, Laura

    2016-01-01

    A study of $B_c^+\\to K^+K^-\\pi^+$ decays is performed for the first time using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $\\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment in $pp$ collisions at centre-of-mass energies of $7$ and $8$ TeV. Evidence for the decay $B_c^+\\to\\chi_{c0}(\\to K^+K^-)\\pi^+$ is reported with a significance of 4.0 standard deviations, resulting in the measurement of $\\frac{\\sigma(B_c^+)}{\\sigma(B^+)}\\times\\mathcal{B}(B_c^+\\to\\chi_{c0}\\pi^+)$ to be $(9.8^{+3.4}_{-3.0}(\\mathrm{stat})\\pm 0.8(\\mathrm{syst}))\\times 10^{-6}$. Here $\\mathcal{B}$ denotes a branching fraction while $\\sigma(B_c^+)$ and $\\sigma(B^+)$ are the production cross-sections for $B_c^+$ and $B^+$ mesons. An indication of $\\overline b c$ weak annihilation is found for the region $m(K^-\\pi^+)<1.834\\mathrm{\\,Ge\\kern -0.1em V\\!/}c^2$, with a significance of 2.4 standard deviations.

  14. Shape study of the N =Z nucleus 72Kr via β decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briz, J. A.; Nácher, E.; Borge, M. J. G.; Algora, A.; Rubio, B.; Dessagne, Ph.; Maira, A.; Cano-Ott, D.; Courtin, S.; Escrig, D.; Fraile, L. M.; Gelletly, W.; Jungclaus, A.; Le Scornet, G.; Maréchal, F.; Miehé, Ch.; Poirier, E.; Poves, A.; Sarriguren, P.; Taín, J. L.; Tengblad, O.

    2015-11-01

    The β decay of the N =Z nucleus 72Kr has been studied with the total absorption spectroscopy technique at ISOLDE (CERN). A total B (GT) =0.79 (4 ) gA2/4 π has been found up to an excitation energy of 2.7 MeV. The B (GT) distribution obtained is compared with predictions from state-of-the-art theoretical calculations to learn about the ground state deformation of 72Kr. Although a dominant oblate deformation is suggested by direct comparison with quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) calculations, beyond-mean-field and shell-model calculations favor a large oblate-prolate mixing in the ground state.

  15. The β-decay of 187Re studied with a cryogenic μ-calorimeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experiment to study the β-decay of 187Re using a cryogenic μ-calorimeter is presented. The physical motivations for undertaking a rhenium experiment, in the context of providing a limit on the Ve mass, are briefly discussed. Preliminary results on the 187Re β spectrum, obtained with a NTD-Ge thermistor coupled to a superconducting rhenium crystal, are included, where the energy resolution is measured by an external 55Fe X-ray source to be σ of 54 eV at 5.9 KeV. Future considerations relating to radioactive background, improved detector performance, energy calibration and 187Re β-spectral analysis are proposed

  16. Fully ElectroStatic Ion Traps for β-decay Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ron, Guy

    2010-11-01

    Using principles analogous to those of conventional optics it is possible to construct fully electrostatic ion traps which act as a resonant cavity for ion beams. Such traps exhibit an unexpected phenomenon of self-bunching which allows for long lifetimes of trapped ion bunches. Such a trap was originally conceived and developed at the Weimann Institute of Science. Based on this design we are constructing such a trap for use with the LBL IRIS beamline. I will present the principles and design of such a trap. I will further discuss the experimental possibilities afforded, with emphasis on mass spectroscopy and possible measurements of β decay correlations of trapped radioactive ions. Such measurements allow the study of possible standard model extensions affecting the structure of the weak interaction.

  17. Study of the Rare Decay K(L) ---> pi0 gamma gamma at KTeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jianbo; /Arizona U.

    2007-08-01

    The authors study on the rare decay K{sub L} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{gamma}, measure a{sub V}, and branching ratio by analyzing 96, 97 and 99 data. The measurements were taken by KTeV at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. After all cuts, they have 1982 K{sub L} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{gamma} candidate. The background level is estimated as 30%. K{sub L} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{gamma} branching ratio is measured as (1.29 {+-} 0.03(stat) {+-} 0.04(sys)) x 10{sup -6}. By using D'Ambrosio's theory to fit a{sub V}, a{sub V} = -(-0.31 {+-} 0.05(stat) {+-} 0.07(sys)).

  18. Study of the Higgs-boson decays into WW and ZZ at the Photon Collider

    CERN Document Server

    Niezurawski, P; Krawczyk, M

    2002-01-01

    Production of the Standard Model Higgs-boson at the Photon Collider at TESLA is studied for the Higgs-boson masses above 150 GeV. Simulation of signal and background processes takes into account realistic luminosity spectra and detector effects. In the considered mass range, large interference effects are expected in the W+W- decay channel. By reconstructing W+W- and ZZ final states, not only the h->gamma gamma partial width can be measured, but also the relative phase of the scattering amplitude. This opens a new window for the precise determination of the Higgs-boson couplings. Models with heavy, fourth-generation fermions and with enlarged Higgs sector (2HDM (II)) are considered.

  19. Study of B+- --> D_CP K+- and D^*_CP K+- decays

    OpenAIRE

    Abe, K.; Collaboration, for the Belle

    2006-01-01

    We report a study of the modes D_CP K+- and D^*_CP K+- where D^(*) decays to CP eigenstates. The data sample used contains 275 x 10^6 BB events at the Upsilon(4S) resonance collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB energy-asymmetric e^+ e^- collider. The CP asymmetries obtained for D_CP K are: A_1 = 0.06 +- 0.14 (stat) +- 0.05 (sys), A_2 = -0.12 +- 0.14 (stat) +- 0.05 (sys) and for D^*_CP K : A_1^* = -0.20 +- 0.22 (stat) +- 0.04 (sys), A_2^* = 0.13 +- 0.30 (stat) +- 0.08 (sys).

  20. Study of the P -Wave Charmonium State χcJ in ψ(2S) Decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The processes ψ(2S)→γπ+π- , γK+K- , and γpp have been studied using a sample of 3.79x106 ψ(2S) decays. We determine the total width of the χc0 to be Γtotχc0 =14.3±2.0±3.0 MeV . We present the first measurement of the branching fraction B(χc0→pp)=( 15.9±4.3±5.3)x10-5 , where the first error is statistical and the second one is systematic. Branching fractions of χc0,2→π+π- and K+K- are also reported. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society

  1. Highly efficient photocatalysis by BiFeO{sub 3}/{alpha}({gamma})-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} ferromagnetic nano p/n junctions formed by dopant-induced phase separation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramadan, Wegdan, E-mail: wegdan.ramadan@gmail.com [Alexandria University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt); Shaikh, Parvez A. [National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR-NCL), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India); Ebrahim, Sh. [Alexandria University, Materials Science Department, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (Egypt); Ramadan, Abdallah [Alexandria University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt); Hannoyer, Beatrice; Jouen, Samuel; Sauvage, Xavier [Universite de Rouen, GPM, UMR 6634 CNRS (France); Ogale, Satishchandra, E-mail: sb.ogale@ncl.res.in [National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR-NCL), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)

    2013-08-15

    A series of Bi{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (BCFO) nanoparticles (with x = 0.0, 0.03, 0.07, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.20) have been synthesized by sol-gel reaction. X-ray diffraction patterns establish the formation of hexagonal bismuth ferrite as the prominent phase, with a small contribution of the Bi{sub 2}Fe{sub 4}O{sub 9} phase (as reported by others as well) which diminishes rapidly with the increase in Ca concentration. Interestingly, above a calcium dopant concentration of about 10 % peaks of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (both {alpha} and {gamma} components) are observed with a concomitant enhancement of ferromagnetism. Small contribution of the Bi{sub 6}Ca{sub 4}O{sub 13} phase is also noted in these samples. This phase evolution is driven by dopant-induced strain energy and increasing oxygen vacancy concentration for local charge balance. Transmission electron microscopy (with elemental scanning) and Moessbauer spectroscopy techniques bring out the evolution of nanoparticle morphology (and elemental distribution) and phase configuration, respectively. Measurements of photocatalytic activity (and photo-Fenton activity with H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) reveal that Ca doping at the Bi site in BFO enhances the activity significantly in the concentration regime where BFO/{alpha}({gamma})-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phases coexist in the form of a nanocomposite. The enhancement can thus be attributed to the carrier transfer between BFO and {alpha}({gamma})-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} across nano p/n junctions leading to enhanced carrier lifetime. Importantly, the magnetization of the nanocomposite (about 16 emu gm{sup -1} at x = 0.20) provides a convenient way to collect the photocatalyst with the help of an external magnet for reuse.

  2. Los Alamos PWR decay-heat-removal studies. Summary results and conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyack, B E; Henninger, R J; Horley, E; Lime, J F; Nassersharif, B; Smith, R

    1986-03-01

    The adequacy of shutdown-decay-heat removal in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is currently under investigation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. One part of this effort is the review of feed-and-bleed procedures that could be used if the normal cooling mode through the steam generators were unavailable. Feed-and-bleed cooling is effected by manually activating the high-pressure injection (HPI) system and opening the power-operated relief valves (PORVs) to release the core decay energy. The feasibility of the feed-and-bleed concept as a diverse mode of heat removal has been evaluated at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The TRAC-PF1 code has been used to predict the expected performance of the Oconee-1 and Calvert Cliffs-1 reactors of Bobcock and Wilcox and Combustion Engineering, respectively, and the Zion-1 and H.B. Robinson-2 plants of Westinghouse. Feed and bleed was successfully applied in each of the four plants studied, provided it was initiated no later than the time of loss of secondary heat sink. Feed and bleed was successfully applied in two of the plants, Oconee-1 and Zion-1, provided it was initiated no later than the time of primary system saturation. Feed and bleed in Calvert Cliffs-1 when initiated at the time of primary system saturation did result in core dryout; however, the core heatup was eventually terminated by coolant injection. Feed-and-bleed initiation at primary system saturation was not studied for H.B. Robinson-2. Insights developed during the analyses of specific plant transients have been identified and documented. 33 refs., 107 figs., 26 tabs.

  3. Los Alamos PWR decay-heat-removal studies. Summary results and conclusions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The adequacy of shutdown-decay-heat removal in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is currently under investigation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. One part of this effort is the review of feed-and-bleed procedures that could be used if the normal cooling mode through the steam generators were unavailable. Feed-and-bleed cooling is effected by manually activating the high-pressure injection (HPI) system and opening the power-operated relief valves (PORVs) to release the core decay energy. The feasibility of the feed-and-bleed concept as a diverse mode of heat removal has been evaluated at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The TRAC-PF1 code has been used to predict the expected performance of the Oconee-1 and Calvert Cliffs-1 reactors of Bobcock and Wilcox and Combustion Engineering, respectively, and the Zion-1 and H.B. Robinson-2 plants of Westinghouse. Feed and bleed was successfully applied in each of the four plants studied, provided it was initiated no later than the time of loss of secondary heat sink. Feed and bleed was successfully applied in two of the plants, Oconee-1 and Zion-1, provided it was initiated no later than the time of primary system saturation. Feed and bleed in Calvert Cliffs-1 when initiated at the time of primary system saturation did result in core dryout; however, the core heatup was eventually terminated by coolant injection. Feed-and-bleed initiation at primary system saturation was not studied for H.B. Robinson-2. Insights developed during the analyses of specific plant transients have been identified and documented. 33 refs., 107 figs., 26 tabs

  4. Study of CP violation in Bx to J/psi phi decays at DZero

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strom, Derek A.; /Northwestern U.

    2008-12-01

    In a universe dominated by matter, the source of CP violation may explain one of the greatest mysteries in particle physics: what happened to the antimatter? The Standard Model successfully describes CP violation in the B{sup +} and B{sub d}{sup 0} systems, yet insufficiently accounts for the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. The Standard Model predicts a small value of CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0} meson system, which has only recently been experimentally tested. A measurement of large, anomalous CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system would be a clear indication of new physics sources beyond the Standard Model. This dissertation describes a study of CP violation in approximately 2000 B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays reconstructed in a 2.8 fb{sup -1} data sample collected by the D0 Run II detector at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois. This data was provided by p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV delivered by the Tevatron accelerator between April 2002 and August 2007. Flavor-tagged B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}({mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}){phi}(K{sup +}K{sup -}) decays and an angular analysis are used to study the time evolution of the final state angular distributions. From this analysis, we measure the width difference between the heavy and light mass eigenstates, B{sub s}{sup L} and B{sub s}{sup H}, to be {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} = 0.19 {+-} 0.07 and the CP-violating phase {phi}{sub s} = -0.57{sub -0.30}{sup +0.24}.

  5. Study on the fine structure of β-decay strength functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the 147Dy delayed proton spectrum analysis and literary data on the decay schemes it is shown, that distances between the levels intensively populated by Gamow-Teller β-transitions, do not appear to be random values but regularly depend on the decaying nucleus mass number

  6. Studies of beauty and charm quark production and decays with the CMS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We review the recent results of the CMS experiment in the field of b-quark production, B hadron spectroscopy and decays. The beauty quark production cross section measurements are performed both in inclusive and exclusive channels. In addition, we present the observation of a new Ξb baryon and searches for rare charmed hadron decays

  7. Studies of beauty and charm quark production and decays with the CMS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perrozzi, Luca [P.O. box E27510 c/o CERN, CH-1211 Genve 23 (Switzerland)

    2012-12-15

    We review the recent results of the CMS experiment in the field of b-quark production, B hadron spectroscopy and decays. The beauty quark production cross section measurements are performed both in inclusive and exclusive channels. In addition, we present the observation of a new Ξ{sub b} baryon and searches for rare charmed hadron decays.

  8. Experimental study of psi ' decays to K+K- pi(0) and K+K-eta

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Albayrak, O.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feldbauer, F.; Feng, C. Q.; Ferroli, R. B.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kuehn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Kai; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Morales, C. Morales; Motzko, C.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schaefer, B. D.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, F.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. S.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, Q. Z.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, Z.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Werner, M.J.; Zheng, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Using (106 +/- 4) x 10(6) psi ' events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII e(+)e(-) collider, we present measurements of the branching fractions for psi' decays to K+K- pi(0) and K+K- eta. In these final states, the decay psi' -> K-2(*) (1430)(+) K- + 10(-5), is observed for the first

  9. Further studies of DNA damage and lethality from the decay of iodine-125 in bacteriophages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DNA of coliphages T4 and T1 was labelled with 125I-iodode-oxyuridine. 125I decay is known to cause severe molecular damage via vacancy cascades (the Auger effect). We have compared the induction of both single- and double-strand breaks (SSBs and DSBs) in 125I-labelled T4 DNA stored at 1960C during the decay, either as intact phage or as free DNA. These comparative experiments indicated that, in addition to one DSB which apparently resulted directly from the Auger effect, each decay in an intact phage also gave rise to an additional 0.05 DSBs, as well as 1.6 SSBs, as a result of ionizing radiation absorbed in the same phage particles where the decay occurred. An examination of T4-killing by 125I decay revealed a two-phase survival curve, whose initial slope corresponded to a lethal efficiency per 125I decay of 0.95 +- 0.05, which was considerably higher than values previously determined. The results for phage T4, and of a more limited comparison of 125I suicide and DNA damage in phage T1, support the hypothesis that the vacancy cascades which accompany each 125I decay in DNA result in a double-strand break at the decay site and that each such break is a lethal event. (author)

  10. A Diffusion Cloud Chamber Study of Very Slow Mesons. II. Beta Decay of the Muon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, L. M.; Sargent, C. P.; Rinehart, M.; Rogers, K.

    1955-03-01

    The spectrum of electrons arising from the decay of the negative mu meson has been determined. The muons are arrested in the gas of a high pressure hydrogen filled diffusion cloud chamber. The momenta of the decay electrons are determined from their curvature in a magnetic field of 7750 gauss. The spectrum of 415 electrons has been analyzed according to the theory of Michel.

  11. Study of the pure annihilation Bc→A2A3 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we calculate the CP-averaged branching ratios and the polarization fractions of the charmless hadronic Bc→A2A3 decays within the framework of perturbative QCD (pQCD) approach, where A is either a light 3P1 or 1P1 axial-vector meson. These 32 decay modes can occur through the annihilation topology only. Based on the perturbative calculations and phenomenological analysis, we find the following results: (a) the branching ratios of the considered 32 Bc→A2A3 decays are in the range of 10-5 to 10-8; (b) Bc→a1b1, K10K1+ and some other decays have sizable branching ratios and can be measured at the LHC experiments; (c) the branching ratios of Bc→A2(1P1)A3(1P1) decays are generally much larger than those of Bc→A2(3P1)A3(3P1) decays with a factor around (10∼100); (d) the branching ratios of Bc→K10K1+ decays are sensitive to the value of θK, which will be tested by the running LHC and forthcoming SuperB experiments; (e) the large longitudinal polarization contributions govern most considered decays and play the dominant role.

  12. Study of the Decay Ds+ to K+K-e+nu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, R.N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2008-07-25

    Using 214 fb{sup -1} of data recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEPII electron-positron collider, they study the decay D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e}. Except for a small S-wave contribution, the events with K{sup +}K{sup -} masses in the range 1.01-1.03 GeV/c{sup 2} correspond to {phi} mesons. For D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {phi}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e} decays, they measure the relative normalization of the Lorentz invariant form factors at q{sup 2} = 0, r{sub V} = V(0)/A{sub 1}(0) = 1.849 {+-} 0.060 {+-} 0.095, r{sub 2} = A{sub 2}(0)/A{sub 1}(0) = 0.763 {+-} 0.071 {+-} 0.065 and the pole mass of the axial-vector form factors m{sub A} = (2.28{sub -0.18}{sup +0.23} {+-} 0.18) GeV/c{sup 2}. Within the same K{sup +}K{sup -} mass range, they also measure the relative branching fractions {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e})/{Beta}(D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) - 0.558 {+-} 0.007 {+-} 0.016, from which they obtain the total branching fraction {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {phi}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e}) = (2.61 {+-} 0.03 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.15) x 10{sup -2}. By comparing this value with the predicted decay rate, they extract A{sub 1}(0) = 0.607 {+-} 0.011 {+-} 0.019 {+-} 0.018. The stated uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and from external inputs.

  13. Sensibility study for B → Invisible(+γ) decay with the BaBar detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show prospects for research of invisible decays of B meson in a sample of about 470 millions BB pairs recorded with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B factory. The Standard Model predictions for a B decay with completely invisible final products (or with a single photon as detectable particle) are far from the current experimental sensitivities but several New Physics Models predict significant enhancements on the branching ratio of these decays. The analysis technique consists in the reconstruction of a semileptonic B decay on one side and in the search of missing energy or missing energy plus one photon in the recoil. We will describe the search techniques and provide the expected sensitivities for these decays.

  14. Effective Majorana neutrino decay

    CERN Document Server

    Duarte, Lucía; Peressutti, Javier; Sampayo, Oscar A

    2016-01-01

    We study the decay of heavy sterile Majorana neutrinos according to the interactions obtained from an effective general theory. We describe the two and three-body decays for a wide range of neutrino masses. The results obtained and presented in this work could be useful for the study of the production and detection of this particles in a variety of high energy physics experiments and astrophysical observations. We show in different figures the dominant branching ratios and the total decay width.

  15. Swelling induced by alpha decay in monazite and zirconolite ceramics: A XRD and TEM comparative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deschanels, X.; Seydoux-Guillaume, A. M.; Magnin, V.; Mesbah, A.; Tribet, M.; Moloney, M. P.; Serruys, Y.; Peuget, S.

    2014-05-01

    Zirconolite and monazite matrices are potential ceramics for the containment of actinides (Np, Cm, Am, Pu) which are produced over the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Actinides decay mainly through the emission of alpha particles, which in turn causes most ceramics to undergo structural and textural changes (amorphization and/or swelling). In order to study the effects of alpha decays on the above mentioned ceramics two parallel approaches were set up. The first involved the use of an external irradiation source, Au, which allowed the deposited recoil energy to be simulated. The second was based on short-lived actinide doping with 238Pu, (i.e. an internal source), via the incorporation of plutonium oxide into both the monazite and zirconolite structures during synthesis. In both types of irradiation experiments, the zirconolite samples became amorphous at room temperature with damage close to 0.3 dpa; corresponding to a critical dose of 4 × 1018 α g-1 (i.e. ∼1.3 × 1021 keV cm-3). Both zirconolite samples also showed the same degree of macroscopic swelling at saturation (∼6%), with ballistic processes being the predominant damaging effect. In the case of the monazite however, the macroscopic swelling and amorphization were dependent on the nature of the irradiation. Externally, (Au), irradiated samples became amorphous while also demonstrating a saturation swelling of up to 8%. In contrast to this, the swelling of the 238Pu doped samples was much smaller at ∼1%. Also, unlike the externally (Au) irradiated monazite these 238Pu doped samples remained crystalline up to 7.5 × 1018 α g-1 (0.8 dpa). XRD, TEM and swelling measurements were used to fully characterize and interpret this behavior. The low swelling and the conservation of the crystalline state of 238Pu doped monazite samples indicates that alpha annealing took place within this material.

  16. Study of alpha decay chains of superheavy nuclei and magic number beyond Z = 82 and N = 126

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study various α-decay chains on the basis of the preformed cluster decay model. Our work targets the superheavy elements, which are expected to show extra stability at shell closure. Our computations identify the following combinations of proton and neutron numbers as the most stable nuclei: Z=112, N=161,163; Z=114, N=171,178,179; and Z=124, N=194. We also investigate the alternative of heavy cluster emissions in the decay chain of 301120, instead of α decay. Our study of cluster radioactivity shows that the half-life for 10Be decay in 289114 is larger, indicating enhanced stability at Z=114, N=175. Similar calculations concerning the emission of 14C and 34Si from 301120 find the more stable combinations Z=114, N=173, and Z=106, N=161, respectively. From the same parent, 301120, the emission of a 49−51Ca cluster yielding a Z=100, N=152 daughter is the most probable. (author)

  17. Bremsstrahlung emission probability in the {alpha} decay of {sup 210}Po

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boie, Hans-Hermann

    2009-06-03

    A high-statistics measurement of bremsstrahlung emitted in the {alpha} decay of {sup 210}Po has been performed. The measured differential emission probabilities, which could be followed up to {gamma}-energies of {proportional_to} 500 keV, allow for the first time for a serious test of various model calculations of the bremsstrahlung accompanied {alpha} decay. It is shown that corrections to the {alpha}-{gamma} angular correlation due to the interference between the electric dipole and quadrupole amplitudes and due to the relativistic character of the process have to be taken into account. With the experimentally derived angular correlation the measured energydifferential bremsstrahlung emission probabilities show excellent agreement with the fully quantum mechanical calculation. (orig.)

  18. Moessbauer-spectroscopic studies on the after effect of 57Co EC-decay in tetraphenylporphinato complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The after effect of 57Co EC-decay in tetraphenylporphinatocobalt(II) (CoTPP) was studied by the emission Moessbauer spectroscopic method. The spectra of α-57CoTPP do not show any Auger after effect associated with EC-decay. Effects of the crystal structure are studied. Anomalous species an /with an extremely large quadrupole splitting are observed in the spectra of γ-57CoTPP and of amorph.-57CoTPP. The effects of matrix are also discussed for 57Co-doped NiTPP, CuTPP and H2TPP. (author)

  19. Spectral and Non Radiative Decay Studies of Lead Di Bromide Single Crystals by Mode Matched Thermal Lens Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rejeena, I; Lillibai, B; Thomas, V; Nampoori, V P N; Radhakrishnan, P

    2016-07-01

    In the present paper, the investigations on the non radiative decay mechanism, optical band gap determination from absorption spectroscopic studies and fluorescence emission by photo luminescence techniques using different excitation wavelengths on gel derived lead di bromide single crystals are reported. Non radiative decay of the sample is studied using high sensitive dual beam mode matched thermal lens technique. For the thermal lensing experiment the crystal in solution phase is incorporated with rhodamine 6G dye for enhancing the absorption of the crystal sample. The thermal diffusivity of lead di bromide is determined using the probe beam intensity v/s time measurements. PMID:27165040

  20. Conversion electron spectroscopy at the FMA focal plane: Decay studies of proton-rich N {approximately} 82 nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Ahmad, I. [and others

    1995-08-01

    The FMA has proven to be an ideal instrument for the detailed study of the decay of microsecond isomers behind the focal plane following mass selection. In reactions leading to the population of nuclei with isomeric lifetimes longer than their flight time through the device, decay gamma rays and conversion electrons can be detected in an environment free from the backgrounds of prompt radiation and delta electrons. This was a very successful technique to study proton (h{sub 11/2}){sup n} seniority isomers in nuclei with Z > 64 and N {approximately} 82. Since isomeric decay gamma rays are emitted isotropically, conversion electrons are essential for the assignment of multipolarities in these nuclei. Furthermore, the low-energy transitions that depopulate isomeric states are typically highly converted and can escape gamma-ray detection, but they can be identified by their conversion electrons.

  1. Study of the ΔS=ΔQ rule in the K0→πe ν decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The selection rule ΔS=ΔQ, stating that in hadronic weak interactions the S-strangeness variation is equal to the Q-charge variation, in a direct consequence of the Cabibbo's hypothesis that hadronic currents are members of SU(3) octets. The Ke3 decay (K0→πeν) is suitable for the study of this rule and was observed in an electronic experiment performed at CERN between 1969 and 1971. The main difficulty was the Ke3 decay selection, among an important contamination coming from the dominant K0(short-lived)→π+π- decay. The study of the time distribution of 5000 selected events allowed to determine the X violation parameter of the ΔS=ΔQ rule; X = (0.04+-0.03) - i(0.06+-0.05) was obtained, result in accord with 0, which confirms the validity of the ΔS=ΔQ rule and the Cabibbo's hypothesis

  2. Decay studies and mass measurements on isobarically pure neutron-rich Hg and Tl isotopes

    CERN Multimedia

    Schweikhard, L C; Savreux, R P; Hager, U D K; Beck, D; Blaum, K

    2007-01-01

    We propose to perform mass measurements followed by $\\beta$- and $\\gamma$-decay studies on isobarically pure beams of neutron-rich Hg and Tl isotopes, which are very poorly known due to a large contamination at ISOL-facilities with surface-ionised francium. The aim is to study the binding energies of mother Hg and Tl nuclides, as well as the energies, spins and parities of the excited and ground states in the daughter Tl and Pb isotopes. The proposed studies will address a new subsection of the nuclear chart, with Z 126, where only 9 nuclides have been observed so far. Our studies will provide valuable input for mass models and shell-model calculations: they will probe the proton hole-neutron interaction and will allow to refine the matrix elements for the two-body residual interaction. Furthermore, they also give prospects for discovering new isomeric states or even new isotopes, for which the half-lives are predicted in the minute- and second-range.\\\\ To reach the isobaric purity, the experiments will be p...

  3. Experimental studies of nuclear matrix elements for neutrino-less ββ decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ejiri, H. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047, Japan and Nuclear Science, Czech Technical University, Brehová, Prague (Czech Republic)

    2013-12-30

    Nuclear matrix elements M{sup 0ν} for neutrino less double beta decays (0νββ) are crucial for neutrino studies in 0νββ experiments. The neutrino mass to be studied is sensitive to M{sup 0ν}, while theoretical calculations for M{sup 0ν} are hard. Thus experimental studies of nuclear structures and single β matrix elements M{sub β} associated with 0νββ are useful to confirm and help the theoretical calculations. This reports briefly experimental methods and recent charge exchange reaction studies for M{sub β}. The single β elements for M{sup ±}(2{sup −}) associated with M{sup 0ν}(2{sup −}), which is the major component of M{sup 0ν}, are found to be reduced (quenched) much by the spin isospin correlation and the nuclear medium (non-nucleonic isobar) effect. The present result suggests that the spin isospin components of M{sup 0ν} is fairly reduced (quenched)

  4. Study of decay heat removal and structural assurance by LBB concept of tokamak components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since decay heat density in ITER is quite low, thermal analyses have shown that only natural dissipation due to thermal radiation can be sufficient for removal of decay heat even in loss of all coolant. Owing to this attractiveness, no cooling system would be required for decay heat removal. In addition, because a magnetically confined plasma terminates by a small amount of impurity ingress, there is no possibility of uncontrolled production of energy, which will damage the integrity of the vacuum vessel containing tritium and other radioactive materials. This statement can be assured with a high level of confidence resulted from the LBB (Leak Before Break) concept. (author)

  5. Contribution of the radioactive decay to the study of the structure of N=Z nuclei of mass A>70

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive decay study gives an access to the interaction which rules the β decay process as well as the structure of the nuclear states involved. This work describes the observation of the decay of N = Z nuclei with mass A > 70. For the odd-odd N = Z nuclei 78Y, 82Nb and 86Tc, the decay has been established as superallowed Fermi type transitions. The results pave the way for more precise measurements and extend the mass range nowadays used to understand the behaviour of the weak interaction in the nuclear matter. The observation of the decay of the even-even N = Z 72Kr leads us to build the Gamow-Teller strength distribution from which some clues about the ground state deformation of this isotope can be obtained. More complete experimental observation and some developments of the calculations used to interpret the distribution of the Gamow-Teller strength are needed. Finally, this work describes the developments and tests of a prototype detector the aim of which to determine the contribution of β particles to energy distribution observed in germanium detector. The tests we have performed show that this prototype can identify and reject 80% of the β particles emitted by a source with a 2,3 MeV end-point. The very satisfactory performances of this prototype need now to be confirmed under experimental conditions. (author)

  6. Study of nonleptonic $B_{q}^{\\ast}$ ${\\to}$ $D_{q}V$ and $P_{q} D^*$ weak decays

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, Qin; Sun, Junfeng; Wang, Xiaolin; Yang, Yueling

    2016-01-01

    Motivated by the powerful capability of measurement for the $b$-flavored hadron rare decays at LHC and SuperKEKB/Belle-II, the nonleptonic $\\bar{B}^{\\ast}$ ${\\to}$ $D\\bar{D}^{\\ast}$, $D{\\rho^-}$, $DK^{\\ast-}$, ${\\pi}D^{\\ast}$ and $KD^{\\ast}$ weak decays are studied in detail. With the amplitudes calculated with factorization approach and the form factors of $B^{\\ast}$ transition into pseudoscalar meson evaluated with the BSW model, branching fractions and polarization fractions are firstly presented. Numerically, the CKM-favored $\\bar{B}_{q}^{\\ast}$ ${\\to}$ $D_{q}D_{s}^{{\\ast}-}$ and $D_{q}{\\rho}^{-}$ decays have large branching fractions, $\\sim$ $10^{-8}$, which should be sought for with priority and firstly observed by LHC and Belle-II experiments. The $\\bar{B}^{\\ast}_q$ ${\\to}$ $D_qK^{\\ast}$ and $D_q{\\rho}$ decays are dominated by the longitudinal polarization states. While, the parallel polarization fractions of $\\bar{B}^{\\ast}_q$ ${\\to}$ $D_q\\bar{D}^{\\ast}$ decays are comparable with the longitudinal one...

  7. Study of the Λ(1405) Resonance Through its Neutral and Charged Decay Channels by AMADEUS at DA ΦNE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scordo, A.; Curceanu, C.; Piscicchia, K.; Tucakovic, I.; Vazquez Doce, O.

    2014-08-01

    The AMADEUS collaboration has the goal to perform unprecedented measurements in the field of the low-energy charged kaons-nuclei interactions, by implementing the existing KLOE detector with a dedicated setup in the inner region. The KLOE detector at DA ΦNE represents a unique opportunity to perform a complete study of the Λ(1405) resonance through all its three Σπ decay channels. The importance of these measurements relies on the possibility to compare the different results for the various decay channels, investigating their contributions to the final resonance shape. In particular, one of the main differences between the neutral and charged Σπ channels is the presence of a second resonance, the Σ(1385), whose contribution to the final Λ(1405) spectra has to be evaluated and subtracted. Very promising preliminary results have been already obtained for the Σ 0π0 decay channel to which, for isospin selection rules, the Σ(1385) resonance can not decay, and for the Σ +π- decay channel analysis, and will be presented in this work.

  8. Decay of 120Ba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay of 120Ba has been studied with an on-line isotope separator. Its half-life was determined to be t1/2=24±2 s. A decay scheme is proposed, based on γ-γ, γ-X, and γ-β+ coincidence measurements, which takes account of all 16 observed γ rays. The total decay energy was measured to be QEC=50±0.3 MeV

  9. A study of B-meson decays to eta_c K* and eta_c gamma K(*)

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We present preliminary results of a study of the two-body B-meson decays to a charmonium state (ccbar) and a K+ or K*0(892) meson using a sample of about 349 fb-1 of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. Here ccbar indicates either the eta_c state, reconstructed in the K_S K+- pi-+ and K+K-pi0 decay channels, or the h_c state, reconstructed in its decay to eta_c gamma. We measure BR(B0 -> eta_c K*0)=(6.1+-0.8_stat +- 1.1_syst) * 10-4, BR(B+ -> h_c K+) * BR(h_c -> eta_c gamma) h_c K*0) * BR(h_c -> eta_c gamma)<2.41 * 10^-4, at the 90% C.L.

  10. High statistics study of the K{sup -}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{mu}{sup -}{nu} decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yushchenko, O.P.; Akimenko, S.A.; Belous, K.S.; Britvich, G.I.; Britvich, I.G.; Datsko, K.V.; Filin, A.P.; Inyakin, A.V.; Konstantinov, A.S.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Korolkov, I.Y.; Khmelnikov, V.A.; Leontiev, V.M.; Novikov, V.P.; Obraztsov, V.F.; Polyakov, V.A.; Romanovsky, V.I.; Ronjin, V.M.; Shelikhov, V.I.; Smirnov, N.E.; Tchikilev, O.G.; Uvarov, V.A.; Bolotov, V.N.; Laptev, S.V.; Pastsjak, A.R.; Polyarush, A.Yu

    2004-02-12

    The decay K{sup -}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{mu}{sup -}{nu} has been studied using in-flight decays detected with the 'STRA+' spectrometer. About 540K events were collected for the analysis. The {lambda}{sub +} and {lambda}{sub 0} slope parameters of the decay form-factors f{sub +}(t), f{sub 0}(t) have been measured: {lambda}{sub +}=0.0277{+-}0.0013(stat){+-}0.0009(syst), {lambda}{sub 0}=0.0183{+-}0.0011(stat){+-}0.0006(syst), and d{lambda}{sub 0}/d{lambda}{sub +}=-0.348. The limits on the possible tensor and scalar couplings have been derived: f{sub T}/f{sub +}(0)=-0.0007{+-}0.0071, f{sub S}/f{sub +}(0)=0.0017{+-}0.0014. No visible non-linearity in the form-factors have been observed.

  11. A study of $B \\to K\\pi$ decays with the LHCb experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Buckley, A; Gibson, V

    2005-01-01

    LHCb is a b-physics detector experiment which will take data at the 14 TeV LHC accelerator at CERN from 2007 onward. In this thesis I present two main areas of work relating to LHCb; firstly an investigation of a novel pattern recognition method in the LHCb RICH detectors and secondly a study of LHCb's potential to reconstruct and identify B -> K pi decays. The pattern recognition studies presented here make use of a Markov Chain sampler to identify Cerenkov rings on a detector pixel array. The method presented does not use the tracking information required by the standard LHCb particle identification system. Studies have been performed to characterise the performance of the trackless ring-finder in the RICH2 detector and to investigate the sources of untracked rings. The ring-finder performance is seen to seriously degrade in high-occupancy regions, indicating that tracking information is required for realistic particle ID in LHCb. The sampler has also been integrated into the RICH2 background-estimation sys...

  12. Study of charmed particle production and semi-electronic decay in neutrino inelastic scatterings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A first part of this thesis describes the Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) of the NOMAD experiment. This sub-detector plays an essential role for the electron identification. The performances of the TRD were studied in order to better use its capabilities of pion rejection. We have measured and adjusted the uniformity of its response and installed permanent control of this uniformity during the data acquisition. The second part is a study of the production and semi-electronic decay of charmed particles in deep inelastic scattering of νμ neutrinos. The analysis is based on all the μ-e+ events, selected among the data recorded at CERN during the 1995 year. For this purpose, we have elaborated a selection to reduce the background and we have extracted a first signal μ-e+. Moreover, the study of the simulated neutrino events in NOMAD allowed us to check the quality of the simulation and to improve the selection. The charmed signal μ-e+ thus obtained was used to measure the strange quark content in the nucleon. (author)

  13. A study of the measurement accuracy of the Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the ILC

    CERN Document Server

    Kawada, Shin-ichi; Suehara, Taikan; Takahashi, Tohru; Tanabe, Tomohiko

    2015-01-01

    We evaluated the measurement accuracy of the production cross section times the branching ratio of the Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the International Linear Collider (ILC). We analyzed all possible production and decay processes for the Higgs boson into tau pairs. Further, we showed that the precision for the production cross section times the branching ratio can be a few percent with the nominal integrated luminosities assumed in the ILC Technical Design Report and a subpercent level with the running scenario including possible luminosity upgrades. The study provides the reference performance of the ILC for phenomenological analyses.

  14. Study of Cabibbo Suppressed Decays of the D$_{s}^{+}$ Charmed-Strange Meson involving a K$_{S}^{0}$

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Castromonte, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Frisullo, V; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Tucker, R S; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Fabbri, F L; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Göbel, C; Otalora, J; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2008-01-01

    We study the decay of Ds meson into final states involving a Ks and report the discovery of Cabibbo suppressed decay modes Ds -> Kspi-pi+pi+ (179 +/- 36 events) and Ds -> Kspi+ (113 +/-26 events). The branching ratios for the new modes are Gamma(Ds -> Kspi-pi+pi+)/Gamma(Ds -> KsK-pi+pi+) = 0.18 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.05 and Gamma(Ds -> Kspi+)/Gamma(Ds -> KsK+) = 0.104 +/- 0.024 +/- 0.013.

  15. Shapes of the $^{192,190}$Pb ground states from beta decay studies using the total absorption technique

    CERN Document Server

    Aguado, M E Estevez; Agramunt, J; Rubio, B; Tain, J L; Jordan, D.; Fraile, L M; Gelletly, W; Frank, A.; Csatlos, M.; Csige, L; Dombradi, Zs.; Krasznahorkay, A; Nacher, E; Sarriguren, P; Borge, M J G; Briz, J A; Tengblad, O; Molina, F.; Moreno, O; Kowalska, M; Fedosseev, V N; Marsh, B A; Fedorov, D V; Molkanov, P L; Andreyev, A.N.; Seliverstov, M D; Burkard, K; Huller, W

    2015-01-01

    The beta decay of $^{192,190}$Pb has been studied using the total absorption technique at the ISOLDE(CERN) facility. The beta-decay strength deduced from the measurements, combined with QRPA theoretical calculations, allow us to infer that the ground states of the $^{192,190}$Pb isotopes are spherical. These results represent the first application of the shape determination method using the total absorption technique for heavy nuclei and in a region where there is considerable interest in nuclear shapes and shape effects.

  16. Study of the coherent propagation of charged leptons coming from pion and W decay in Bohmian mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Azizakram

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Although charged leptons, contrary to neutrinos, cannot oscillate, exploring whether a coherent  superposition of charged lepton states can change to others during the propagation is an important problem in the neutrino oscillation theory. In this paper, we consider electrons and muons coming from the pions and W decays and study their propagation in relativistic Bohmian quantum mechanics. We find out that the Bohmian trajectories of them are separated after atomic distance propagations. In fact, the computed Bohmian trajectories of electrons and muons coming from W and pion decays show that Bohmin results are consistent with those of standard quantum mechanics.

  17. Experimental Study on Current Decay Characteristics of Persistent Current HTS Magnet by Alternating Magnetic Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young Gun; Lee, Chang Young; Hwang, Young Jin; Lee, Woo Seung; Lee, Jiho; Jo, Hyun Chul; Chung, Yoon Do; Ko, Tae Kuk

    This paper deals with a current decay characteristics of a high temperature superconducting (HTS) magnet operated in persistent current mode (PCM). In superconducting synchronous machine applications such as linear synchronous motor (LSM), the superconducting coil is designed to operate in the PCM to obtain steady magnetic field with DC transport current. This superconducting magnet operates on a direct current, but it can be exposed to alternating magnetic field due to the armature winding. When the magnet is subjected to an external time-varying magnetic field, it is possible to result in a decay of the current in PCM system due to AC loss. In this research, a PCM system with armature coil which generates time-varying magnetic field was fabricated to verify current decay characteristics by external alternating magnetic field. The current decay rate was measured by using a hall sensor as functions of amplitude and frequency of armature coil.

  18. Microscopic study of muon-capture transitions in nuclei involved in double-beta-decay processes

    CERN Document Server

    Kortelainen, M

    2003-01-01

    Total and partial ordinary muon-capture (OMC) rates to 1 sup + and 2 sup - states are calculated in the framework of the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) for several nuclei involved in double-beta-decay processes. The aim is to obtain information on intermediate states involved in double-beta-decay transitions having these nuclei as either daughter or parent nuclei. It is found that the OMC observables, just like the 2 nu beta beta-decay amplitudes, strongly depend on the particle-particle part of the proton-neutron interaction. First experiments measuring the partial OMC rates for nuclei involved in double beta decays have recently been performed.

  19. The study of $U$-boson from $\\pi^{0}$-meson decays at HIAF energy

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Xiaoyun; Zeng, Qi; Jiang, Wei; Wang, Rang; Zhang, Baiyang

    2013-01-01

    Within the frame of LDM (light dark matter)-model, the LDM exchange particle $U$-boson (with mass 10-100 MeV) can be produced from many meson decay process so it attracts a lot of attention. Considering the merit of searching the $U$-boson from $\\pi ^{0}$ decay, the momentum spectra of light spin-1 vector $U$-boson from decay channel $\\pi ^{0}\\rightarrow \\gamma U$ and the energy spectra of positron decay from $U\\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}$ at beam energy of 5-10 GeV are first presented by using a relativistic transport (ART) model. Moreover,the feasibility and rationality of searching the $U$-boson in the experiment at HIAF energy are discussed, which will be an important promotion to understand and ultimately detect the $U$-boson, both in theory and experiment.

  20. Using pixel and object based IKONOS image analysis for studying decay in silver fir stands

    OpenAIRE

    Ionut Barnoaiea; Ovidiu Iacobescu

    2009-01-01

    The problem of old silver fir stands decay has appeared in the last decades of the last century with symptoms such as defoliation, wood decay and parasites attacks. The problems in monitoring this phenomenon is that the defoliation and mistletoe attack appear on the crown top, triggering the coronation process - tree develop branches on their lower stem part in order to resist to the defoliation. This reaction makes the attack difficult to notice on aerial or satellite images, due to the refl...

  1. Study of the tau- -> 3h- 2h+ nu-tau Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hart, P A; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Band, H R; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H

    2004-01-01

    A preliminary measurement of the branching fraction of the tau- -> 3h-2h+nu decay (h= pi, K$) with the BaBar detector is found to be {8.52 +/- 0.09 +/- 0.40} x 10E-4, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The data show evidence that the rho resonance plays a strong role in the decay of the tau lepton to five charged hadrons.

  2. Systematic study of α -decay energies and half-lives of superheavy nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y. Z.; Wang, S. J.; Hou, Z. Y.; Gu, J. Z.

    2015-12-01

    Systematic calculations on the α -decay energies (Qα) and α -decay half-lives of the superheavy nuclei (SHN) with Z ≥100 are performed by using 20 models and 18 empirical formulas, respectively. According to the comparisons between the calculated results and experimental data, it is shown that the WS4 mass model is the most accurate one to reproduce the experimental Qα values of the SHN. Meanwhile it is found that the SemFIS2 formula is the best one to predict the α -decay half-lives of the SHN because the parameters in this formula are from the experimental α emitter data of transuranium nuclei including SHN (Z =92 -118 ). In addition, the UNIV2 formula with fewest parameters and the VSS, SP and NRDX formulas with fewer parameters work well in prediction on the SHN α -decay half-lives. Finally, the α -decay half-lives of Z =110 -120 isotopes are predicted within the above mentioned five formulas by inputting the WS 4 Qα values. By analyzing the Qα values and the α -decay half-lives of this region, it is found that for Z =110 -114 isotopes N =162 and N =184 are the submagic number and magic number, respectively. However, for the isotopes of Z =116 -120 the submagic number is N =178 .

  3. Studies of the properties and decays of the $B^{+}_c$ meson at LHCb

    CERN Document Server

    Tuning, Niels

    2014-01-01

    The results of searches for the decays B + c → J / ψ K + and B + c → B 0 s π + are presented. The analysis is based on a data sample of pp collisions collected with the LHCb detector. The B + c → J / ψ K + analysis uses a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb − 1 taken at a center-of- mass energy of 7 TeV, whereas the B + c → B 0 s π + analysis in addition uses the data set recorded in 2012, corresponding to 2 fb − 1 taken at 8 TeV. The decay B + c → J / ψ K + is observed with 5.0 σ significance, and the decay B + c → B 0 s π + is ob- served with significance in excess of five standard deviations, independently in two different B 0 s decay channels. The decay B + c → B 0 s π + is the first observation of a B meson decaying to another B meson via the weak interaction.

  4. LEEM study of nucleation, growth, and decay of Ag nanowires on Cu(110)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senevirathne, Indrajith; Bussmann, Ezra; Kellogg, Gary; Kurtz, Richard; Sprunger, Phillip

    2007-03-01

    Low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) has been used to study the nucleation, growth, and ripening of Ag nanowires on Cu(110). Previous STM and LEED studies of Ag on the Cu(110) surface have shown that for a Ag coverage of below 0.3 ML, Ag forms a surface alloy, followed by the formation of a 2D Ag(111) flat superstructure through dealloying at one monolayer. For Ag coverages above 1.3 ML , nanowires of Ag(110), with widths/heights of 12 nm / 2nm, grow along the [110] crystallographic direction with highly anisotropic aspect ratios. LEEM reveals that Ag initially alloys at Cu/Ag step edges producing a distortion of the steps. Upon deposition above 1 ML, nucleation of Ag nanowires was observed across terraces, however nucleation still occurred at defect and step edges. LEEM showed that the nanowires grow to micron lengths and have highly anisotropic aspect ratios. Annealing above 573K resulted in rapid Oswald ripening of nanowires to Ag clusters of several micron dimensions. Quantitative details of the growth and decay mechanisms will be discussed. Sandia Corporation is a Lockheed Martin Company, for the US DOE's NNSA under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Work was supported CINT-U2006A123 and NSF-DMR-0504654.

  5. Productions and decay studies of transactinide elements for superheavy element chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed a gas-jet transport system coupled to the GAs-filled Recoil Ion Separator GARIS at the RIKEN Linear Accelerator as a novel technique for superheavy element (SHE) chemistry. The isotopes of 261Rf (atomic number Z = 104), 262Db (Z = 105), and 265Sg (Z = 106) useful for chemistry studies were produced in the 248Cm(18O,5n), 248Cm(19F,5n), and 248Cm(22Ne,5n) reactions, respectively, and they were extracted to a chemistry laboratory by the gas-jet method after the separation by GARIS (1-4). The production and decay properties of those isotopes were investigated in detail for future chemistry studies using a rotating wheel apparatus for α and SF spectrometry. Recently, the chemical synthesis and gas-chromatographic analysis of the first organometallic compound of SHEs, Sg(CO)6, were successfully conducted with preseparated 265Sg. In the conference, preliminary results on the production of Bh (Z = 107) isotopes in the 248Cm(23Na,xn) reactions will also be presented. (author)

  6. Study of diboson production (Z or W) in the ATLAS experiment from their leptonic decays

    CERN Document Server

    Kouskoura, Vasiliki; Dell'Acqua, Andrea

    In this dissertation, a study of ZZ and ZZ* production in proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is presented. The data analyzed in this study were recorded by the ATLAS experiment and correspond to integrated luminosities of 4.6 $\\rm{fb^{−1}}$ at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV and of 20.3 $\\rm{fb^{−1}}$ at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. We select events consistent with fully leptonic ZZ decays, in particular to electrons and muons. In view of the forthcoming increase of the instantaneous luminosity of LHC, the ATLAS Collaboration foresees upgrades of the detector. In this doctoral thesis, an upgrade of the Muon Spectrometer is also presented. ZZ and ZZ* events are required to have four isolated leptons with high transverse momentum. The major backgrounds to the ZZ signal are events from Z+jets, top-quark production and other diboson processes. The background from Z+jets and top-quark contribution is estimated from data, and negligible contributions from diboson processes...

  7. Shutdown Decay Heat Removal analysis of a Westinghouse 3-loop pressurized water reactor: Case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is one of six case studies for USI A-45 Decay Heat Removal (DHR) Requirements. The purpose of this study is to identify any potential vulnerabilities in the DHR systems of a typical Westinghouse 3-loop PWR, to suggest possible modifications to improve the DHR capability, and to assess the value and impact of the most promising alternatives to the existing DHR systems. The systems analysis considered small LOCAs and transient internal initiating events, and seismic, fire, extreme wind, internal and external flood, and lightning external events. A full-scale systems analysis was performed with detailed fault trees and event trees including support system dependencies. The system analysis results were extrapolated into release categories using applicable past PRA phenomenological results and improved containment failure mode probabilities. Public consequences were estimated using site specific CRAC2 calculations. The Value-Impact (VI) analysis of possible alternatives considered both onsite and offsite impacts arriving at several risk measures such as averted population dose out to a 50-mile radius and dollars per person rem averted. Uncertainties in the VI analysis are discussed and the issues of feed and bleed and secondary blowdown are analyzed

  8. Shutdown decay heat removal analysis of a Babcock and Wilcox pressurized water reactor: Case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is one of six case studies for USI A-45 Decay Heat Removal (DHR) Requirements. The purpose of this study is to identify any potential vulnerabilities in the DHR systems of a typical Babcock and Wilcox PWR, to suggest possible modifications to improve the DHR capability, and to assess the value and impact of the most promising alternatives to the existing DHR systems. The systems analysis considered small LOCAs and transient internal initiating events, and seismic, fire, extreme wind, internal and external flood, and lightning external events. A full-scale systems analysis was performed with detailed fault trees and event trees including support system dependencies. The system analysis results were extrapolated into release categories using applicable past PRA phenomenological results and improved containment failure mode probabilities. Public consequences were estimated using site specific CRAC2 calculations. The Value-Impact (VI) analysis of possible alternatives considered both onsite and offsite impacts arriving at several risk measures such as averted population dose out to a 50-mile radius and dollars per person rem averted. Uncertainties in the VI analysis are discussed and the issues of feed and bleed and secondary blowdown are analyzed

  9. CP Violation and Beauty Decays - A Case Study of High Impact, High Sensitivity and Even High Precision Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigi, I. I.

    The narrative of these lectures contains three main threads: (i) CP violation despite having so far been observed only in the decays of neutral kaons has been recognized as a phenomenon of truly fundamental importance. The KM ansatz constitutes the minimal implementation of CP violation: without requiring unknown degrees of freedom it can reproduce the known CP phenomenology in a nontrivial way. (ii) The physics of beauty hadrons - in particular their weak decays - opens a novel window onto fundamental dynamics: they usher in a new quark family (presumably the last one); they allow us to determine fundamental quantities of the Standard Model like the b quark mass and the CKM parameters V(cb), V(ub), V(ts) and V(td); they exhibit speedy or even rapid B0 - ¯ B0 oscillations. (iii) Heavy Quark Expansions allow us to treat B decays with an accuracy that would not have been thought possible a mere decade ago. These three threads are joined together in the following manner: (a) Huge CP asymmetries are predicted in B decays, which represents a decisive test of the KM paradigm for CP violation. (b) Some of these predictions are made with high parametric reliability, which (c) can be translated into numerical precision through the judicious employment of novel theoretical technologies. (d) Beauty decays thus provide us with a rich and promising field to search for New Physics and even study some of its salient features. At the end of it there might quite possibly be a New Paradigm for High Energy Physics. There will be some other threads woven into this tapestry: electric dipole moments, and CP violation in other strange and in charm decays.

  10. Study of Rare B Meson Decays Related to the CKM Angle Beta at BaBar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulmer, Keith; /Amherst Coll.

    2007-06-06

    This study reports measurements of the branching fractions of B meson decays to {eta}{prime}K{sup +}, {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}, {omega}{pi}{sup +}, {omega}K{sup +}, and {omega}K{sup 0}. Charge asymmetries are measured for the charged modes and the time-dependent CP-violation parameters S and C are measured for the neutral modes. The results are based on a data sample of 347 fb{sup -1} containing 383 million B{bar B} pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- storage ring located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Statistically significant signals are observed for all channels with the following results: B(B{sup +} {yields} {eta}{prime}K{sup +}) = (70.0{+-}1.5{+-}2.8)x10{sup -6}, B(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}) = (66.6{+-}2.6{+-}2.8)x10{sup -6}, B(B{sup +} {yields} {omega}{pi}{sup +}) = (6.7{+-}0.5{+-}0.4)x10{sup -6}, B(B{sup +} {yields} {omega}K{sup +}) = (6.3{+-}0.5{+-}0.3)x10-6, and B(B{sup 0} {yields} ?K0) = (5.6{+-}0.8{+-}0.3)x10-6, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We measure A{sub ch}({eta}{prime}K{sup +}) = +0.010{+-}0.022{+-}0.006, A{sub ch}({omega}{pi}{sup +}) = -0.02{+-}0.08{+-}0.01, A{sub ch}({omega}K{sup +}) = -0.01{+-}0.07{+-}0.01, S{sub {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}{sub S}} = 0.56{+-}0.12{+-}0.02, C{sub {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}{sub S}} = -0.24 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.03, S{sub {omega}{prime}K{sup 0}{sub S}} = 0.62+0.25 -0.29 {+-} 0.02, and C{sub {omega}{prime}K{sup 0}{sub S}} = -0.39+0.25 -0.24 {+-} 0.03. The result in S{sub {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}{sub S}} contributes to the published measurement from BABAR, which differs from zero by 5.5 standard deviations and is the first observation of mixing-induced CP-violation in a charmless B decay.

  11. A Study of Neutral B Meson Time Evolution Using Exclusively Reconstructed Semileptonic Decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Standard Model of particle physics describes the fundamental building blocks of the Universe and their basic interactions. The model naturally describes the time evolution of the basic particles, of which lifetime and mixing are two examples. The neutral B meson, consisting of a bottom quark and an oppositely charged down quark, enjoys a lifetime of about 1.5 ps and the special property of mixing with its antiparticle partner, the (bar B)0. That is, due to second order weak interactions, the B0 meson can change into a (bar B)0 meson and back again as it evolves through time. The details of this behavior offer an opportunity to closely examine the Standard Model. In this dissertation, I report on a measurement of the lifetime and mixing frequency of the neutral B meson. Using the semileptonic decay channel B0 → D*-(ell)+(bar ν)ell, we select more than 68,000 signal and background candidates from about 23 million B(bar B) pairs collected in 1999-2000 with the BABAR detector located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The other B in the event is reconstructed inclusively. By constructing a master probability density function that describes the distribution of decay time differences in the sample, we use a maximum likelihood technique to simultaneously extract the B0 lifetime and mixing parameters with precision comparable to the year 2000 world average. The results are τB0 = (1.523-0.023+0.024 ± 0.022) ps and Δmd = (0.492 ± 0.018 ± 0.013) ps-1. The statistical correlation coefficient between τB0 and Δmd is -0.22. I describe in detail several cutting-edge strategies this analysis uses to study these phenomena, laying important groundwork for the future. I also discuss several extensions of this work to include possible measurements of higher order parameters such as ΔΛd

  12. Study of the following decays: Kl,s → π+π-e+e-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of the KL,S → π+π-e+e- decay modes in the NA48 experiment at CERN is presented in this thesis. Using the full data samples collected in 1998 and 1999, 1285 ± 37 events KL → π+π-e+e- have been extracted over a background of 41 events. The measured branching ratio is: BR(KL → π+π-e+e-)=[3,16±0,09(stat.)±0,16(syst.)] x 10-7. Concerning the KS mode, a signal of 768 ± 28 candidates has been observed over a negligible background. The obtained branching ratio is: BR(KS → π+π-e+e-)=[4,28±0,18(stat.)±0,26(syst.)] x 10-5. Both results are in very good agreement with the values predicted by phenomenological models where the processes KL,S → π+π-e+e- are described in terms of inner Bremsstrahlung and direct emission contributions. In the KL mode, the presence of two components with opposed CP states leads to a large asymmetry A in the distribution of the angle φ between the decay planes of the two pions and the two electrons. The detailed analysis of the KL → π+π-e+e- mode ends up to a non-zero value of the asymmetry with more than 4 standard deviations: A(KL π+π-e+e-)=[13,8±2,8(stat.)±2,3(syst.)]%. This result is a clear manifestation of CP violation in this channel. The large value of this asymmetry, in excellent agreement with theoretical prediction, accounts for CP violation in the K0-K-bar0 mixing. Furthermore, it was verified that in the KS → π+π-e+e- mode which is dominated by the inner Bremsstrahlung component, the asymmetry is compatible with zero: A(KS → π+π-e+e-)=[-0,8±3,6(stat.)±1,2(syst.)]%. (author)

  13. A study of semi-inclusive charmless B →πX decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study in detail semi-inclusive charmless B →πX decays such as /line B0 →π±(0) X, B0 →π±(0) X and B± →π±(0) X, where X does not contain a charm (anti)quark. We find that the process /line B0 →π- X (B0 →π+ X) can be particularly useful for the determination of the CKM matrix element vertical stroke Vub vertical stroke. We calculate and present the branching ratio (BR) of /line B0 →π- X as a function of vertical stroke Vub vertical stroke, with an estimate of possible uncertainties. It is expected that the BR is of the order of 10-4. Our estimation indicates that one can phenomenologically determine vertical stroke Vub vertical stroke with a reasonable accuracy by measuring the BR of /line B0 →π- X (B0 →π+ X). (orig.)

  14. Study of prompt and secondary D meson decay with the ALICE experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Abdelaal, Abdelmagied

    2014-01-01

    From Monday 30 th June to Friday 22 nd August, 2014, I attended the CERN summer student training program 2014. The program introduces various useful knowledge, culture exchanges and scientific skills to my experiences. I attend in the mornings lectures, especially on theoretical topics. Furthermore, I gained fruitful skills on computational methods, concretely ROOT/AliROOT and C++ Language. I have been guided to most of experiments and detectors including ALICE, CMS and ATLAS detectors and I have also attended different workshops. A major source of uncertainty in the analysis is the unknown fraction of secondary D0 mesons coming from b-hadron decays, which has been estimated on the basis of perturbative QCD predictions and a range of hypotheses for the b-hadron nuclear modification factor is estimate. The project consists in studying whether topological variables sensitive to displacement with respect to the primary vertex, larger for secondary D–mesons, can be used to extract the fraction of D mesons from ...

  15. Population synthesis studies of isolated neutron stars with magnetic field decay

    CERN Document Server

    Popov, S B; Miralles, J A; Boldin, P A; Posselt, B

    2009-01-01

    We perform population synthesis studies of different types of neutron stars (thermally emitting isolated neutron stars, normal radio pulsars, magnetars) taking into account the magnetic field decay and using results from the most recent advances in neutron star cooling theory. For the first time, we confront our results with observations using {\\it simultaneously} the Log N -- Log S distribution for nearby isolated neutron stars, the Log N -- Log L distribution for magnetars, and the distribution of radio pulsars in the $P$ -- $\\dot P$ diagram. For this purpose, we fix a baseline neutron star model (all microphysics input), and other relevant parameters to standard values (velocity distribution, mass spectrum, birth rates ...), allowing to vary the initial magnetic field strength. We find that our theoretical model is consistent with all sets of data if the initial magnetic field distribution function follows a log-normal law with $\\sim 13.25$ and $\\sigma_{\\log B_0}\\sim 0.6$. The typical scenario includes abo...

  16. A study of indoor 220Rn and 222Rn decay product concentrations in the UK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to gain a better understanding of the risk of human exposure to 220Rn indoors, measurements of Rn decay products have been performed in a number of houses in England. The study focused mainly on areas where above-average indoor 220Rn concentrations were to be expected because of geological or other factors. Thoron (220Rn) in room air comes mainly from the building materials, with an additional contribution from soil gas; therefore, 220Rn concentrations were examined in relation to building materials as well as location. Measurements were carried out in 23 houses. The mean equilibrium equivalent 220Rn (EET) concentration found was 0.39 Bq m-3 and the mean equilibrium equivalent 222Rn (EER) concentration was 17.8 Bq m-3. The 220Rn concentration values and EET/EER ratios found in this investigation correspond well with other published results. Values imply that the 220Rn concentrations in English dwellings are a far less important problem than 220Rn concentrations. (authors)

  17. High-Statistics Study of the β+/EC-Decay of 110In

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varela A. Diaz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A study of the 110In β+/EC decay was performed at the TRIUMF Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC facility to probe the nuclear structure of 110Cd. The data were collected in scaled-down γ-ray singles, γ − γ coincidence, and γ-electron coincidence mode. The data were sorted and a random-background subtracted γ − γ matrix was created containing a total of 850 million events. We expanded the level scheme of 110Cd significantly by identifying 75 levels under 3.8 MeV, including 12 new ones, and increased the number of previously observed transitions from these levels to 273. The γ-ray branching intensities have been extracted through an analysis of the coincidence intensities. The branching ratios were combined with a reanalysis of lifetimes measurements obtained in an (n, n'γ reaction with monoenergetic neutrons for the calculation of B(E2 values and these results have lead to the proposal of a γ-soft rotor, or O(6 nucleus, rather than a vibrational, or U(5 pattern for the nature of the low-lying, low-spin levels in 110Cd.

  18. High-statistics study of the β+/EC-Decay of 110In

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study of the 110In β+/EC decay was performed at the TRIUMF Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC) facility to probe the nuclear structure of 110Cd. The data were collected in scaled-down γ-ray singles, γ-γ coincidence, and γ-electron coincidence mode. The data were sorted and a random-background subtracted γ-γ matrix was created containing a total of 850 million events. We expanded the level scheme of 110Cd significantly by identifying 75 levels under 3.8 MeV, including 12 new ones, and increased the number of previously observed transitions from these levels to 273. The γ-ray branching intensities have been extracted through an analysis of the coincidence intensities. The branching ratios were combined with a reanalysis of lifetimes measurements obtained in an (n, n' γ) reaction with monoenergetic neutrons for the calculation of B(E2) values and these results have lead to the proposal of a γ-soft rotor, or O(6) nucleus, rather than a vibrational, or U(5) pattern for the nature of the low-lying, low-spin levels in 110Cd

  19. A feasibility study of ortho-positronium decays measurement with the J-PET scanner based on plastic scintillators

    CERN Document Server

    Kamińska, D; Czerwiński, E; Alfs, D; Bednarski, T; Białas, P; Curceanu, C; Dulski, K; Głowacz, B; Gupta-Sharma, N; Gorgol, M; Hiesmayr, B C; Jasińska, B; Korcyl, G; Kowalski, P; Krzemień, W; Krawczyk, N; Kubicz, E; Mohammed, M; Niedźwiecki, Sz; Pawlik-Niedźwiecka, M; Raczyński, L; Rudy, Z; Silarski, M; Wieczorek, A; Wiślicki, W; Zgardzińska, B; Zieliński, M; Moskal, P

    2016-01-01

    We present a study of the application of the Jagiellonian Positron Emission Tomograph (J-PET) for the registration of gamma quanta from decays of ortho-positronium (o-Ps). The J-PET is the first positron emission tomography scanner based on organic scintillators in contrast to all current PET scanners based on inorganic crystals. Monte Carlo simulations show that the J-PET as an axially symmetric and high acceptance scanner can be used as a multi-purpose detector well suited to pursue research including e.g. tests of discrete symmetries in decays of ortho-positronium in addition to the medical imaging. The gamma quanta originating from o-Ps decay interact in the plastic scintillators predominantly via the Compton effect, making the direct measurement of their energy impossible. Nevertheless, it is shown in this paper that the J-PET scanner will enable studies of the o-Ps$\\to3\\gamma$ decays with angular and energy resolution equal to $\\sigma(\\theta) \\approx 0.4^{\\circ}$ and $\\sigma(E) \\approx 4.1$ keV, respect...

  20. Study of the η → e+e−γ Decay Using WASA-at-COSY Detector System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hodana Małgorzata

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available At the turn of October and November 2008, the WASA-at-COSY collaboration performed an experiment to collect data on the η meson decays in pd → 3He η reactions. This report presents results of a study of the η → e+e−γ conversion decay. The desired feature of this decay is that the final state e+e− pairs come from the conversion of a virtual γ quantum and, therefore, they constitute a rich source of knowledge about the electromagnetic structure of decaying meson. This is a very important characteristic when it comes to study of a short-lived neutral particle like the η meson, because the classical methods of particle scattering are not applicable here. The analysis performed on one third of the p-d data sample collected using the WASA-at-COSY detector, lead to the extraction of the η transition form factor as a function of the e+e− mass and to the calculation of the slope parameter, related to the charge radius of the η meson.

  1. Applications of the total absorption technique to improve reactor decay heat calculations: study of the beta decay of 102,104,105Tc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay heat of the fission products plays an important role in predicting the heat-up of nuclear fuel after reactor shutdown. This form of energy release is calculated as the sum of the energy-weighted activities of all fission products P(t) = ΣEiλiNi(t), where Ei is the decay energy of nuclide i(gamma and beta component), λi is the decay constant of nuclide i and Ni(t) is the number of nuclide i at cooling time t. Even though the reproduction of the measured decay heat has improved in recent years, there is still a long standing discrepancy at t∼1000 s cooling time for some fuels. A possible explanation for this disagreement can been found in the work of Yoshida et al., who demonstrated that an incomplete knowledge of the β-decay of some Tc isotopes could be the source of the systematic discrepancy. We have recently measured the β-decay process of some Tc isotopes using a total absorption spectrometer at the IGISOL facility in Jyvaeskylae. The results of the measurements are discussed, along with their impact on summation calculations.

  2. Rare pion decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status and outlook for studies of some rare pion decays is discussed. Improved charged pion beams and tagged π0 'beams' derived from an intense source of Ksub(π2) decays will provide new opportunities for experiments at LAMPF II and the Kaon Factory

  3. Modelling and experimental study of the behavior of radon and radon decay products in an enclosure. Application to houses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the eighties, more and more studies were performed about radon and its decay products in houses with one of the aim being the estimation of the dose received by their inhabitants. Then, the principal objective of this work is to describe the behaviour of radon and its decay products within a dwelling. In the first part to the report, a few definitions are given and data from literature give an idea of indoor radon and radon decay products activities and/or size distribution. Aspects of dosimetry are presented too. In the second part of the work, a mathematical model, called 'PRADDO' of Physic of Radon and radon Decay products in Domestic environment is developed on the basis of the classical model written by Jacobi in 1972. On the one hand, it has to predict radon decay products activities in systems consisting in one or more enclosure(s), from radon activity and from ambient aerosol concentration and size distribution. On the other hand, one part of the model is assigned to study the influence of the entry model parameters variation on the calculated quantities. Then, in the third part of the work, two experimental studies are realised in order to compare measurements to modelization. The first experimentation is a laboratory work, made on the test bench ICARE from IPSN, and the second one consists in describing the basement of an occupied house from Brittany. In the two cases, the comparison between experiments and modelling shows a good agreement if particles are present in the air, but any conclusion is made when is no aerosol in the enclosure. (author). 158 refs., 81 figs., 42 tabs

  4. Study of High-multiplicity 3-prong and 5-prong Tau Decays at BaBar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lees, J.P

    2012-06-01

    We present measurements of the branching fractions of 3-prong and 5-prong {tau} decay modes using a sample of 430 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {yields} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} f{sub 1}(1285){nu}{sub {tau}} branching fractions are presented as well as a new limit on the branching fraction of the isospin-forbidden, second-class current {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {eta}{prime}(958){nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We find no evidence for charged kaons in these decay modes and place the first upper limits on their branching fractions.

  5. Experimental study of double beta decay modes using a CdZnTe detector array

    CERN Document Server

    Dawson, J V; Janutta, B; Junker, M; Koettig, T; Münstermann, D; Rajek, S; Reeve, C; Schulz, O; Wilson, J R; Zuber, K

    2009-01-01

    An array of sixteen 1 cm^3 CdZnTe semiconductor detectors was operated at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory (LNGS) to further investigate the feasibility of double beta decay searches with such devices. As one of the double beta decay experiments with the highest granularity the 4 x 4 array accumulated an overall exposure of 18 kg days. The set-up and performance of the array is described. Half-life limits for various double beta decay modes of Cd, Zn and Te isotopes are obtained. No signal has been found, but several limits beyond 10^20 years have been performed. They are an order of magnitude better than those obtained with this technology before and comparable to most other experimental approaches for the isotopes under investigation.

  6. The importance of the radioactive decay study on prospecting, research and plough of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A radioactive decay series such as that of U-238 is said to be in a state of secular equilibrium when the number of atoms of each daughter being produced in the series is equal to the number of atoms of that daughter being lost be radioactive decay. When this condition exists, it is possible to determine the amount of the parent of the decay series by measuring the radiation from daughter element. Radioactive disequilibrium is quite a common occurrence in roll-front or sandstone-type uranium deposits. The reason is that uranium may be mobile when oxidized and daughter products formation lags behind. This leads to a distribution of radioelements wherein the daughter products (e.g. Bi - 214) are left behind, creating a daughter excess or parent-deficiency state, with strong gamma ray activity. Miners should receive from geologists a precise and sufficiently detailed geological report, including all the informations about disequilibrium problems of the uranium, deposits. (author)

  7. Unsolved problems in hadronic charm decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes several outstanding problems in the study of hadronic decays of charmed mesons where further experimental work and theoretical understanding is needed. Four topics are stressed: double Cabibbo suppressed decays (DCSD) of D+ mesons, hadronic Ds decays, weak hadronic quasi-two-body decays to pairs of vector mesons, and penguin decays of D mesons. 24 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs

  8. Comparative Study of the Effect of Different Materials Restorative Aesthetic Fluoridated in the Development of Decay in Deciduous Teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Mendes de ARAÚJO

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of the different materials restorative aesthetic fluoridated in the development of decay in deciduous teeth. Method: For such, 60 deciduous molars were used, us which they were made 60 cavities class V, in the vestibular faces. The samples were divided in 5 groups in an aleatory way and restored with the following materials: Group 1 (Glacier, Group 2 (Vitro Fill LC, Group 3 (Ketac Molar, Group 4 (Vitremer, Group 5 (Freedom. Later, they were exposed ATF with neutral gel. Soon after, they were submitted to the induction of artificial decay by the method of pH cycling, for 14 days. After this period, they were appraised in the microscope of polarized light, being determined the depth of the lesion of external decay, depth and length of the wall lesion. The data were analyzed by the test of Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney. Results: There were significant differences (p <0,05 in the depth of the lesion it expresses, among RC, RCMP and CIVC, and enter CIVC and the other materials in what refer to the length of the wall lesion. The comparison of the width of the wall lesions showed that CIVC and RC, presented significant differences (p <0,01 when confronted to the other materials. Conclusion: It was conclude that use of the materials fluoridated presented differences with relationship to the inhibition effect of secondary decay, being Ketac Molar the material that presented the best results.

  9. Measurement of the $B^+\\rightarrow p \\bar{p} K^{+}$ Branching Fraction and Study of the Decay Dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.

    2005-07-06

    With a sample of 232 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector, we study the decay B{sup +} {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +} excluding charmonium decays to p{bar p}. We measure a branching fraction {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +}) = (6.7 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 0.4) x 10{sup -6}. An enhancement at low p{bar p} mass is observed and the Dalitz plot asymmetry suggests dominance of the penguin amplitude in this B decay. We search for a pentaquark candidate {Theta}*{sup ++} decaying into pK{sup +} in the mass range 1.43 to 2.00 GeV/c{sup 2} and set limits on {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {Theta}*{sup ++} {bar p}) x {Beta}({Theta}*{sup ++} {yields} pK{sup +}) at the 10{sup -7} level.

  10. Tau decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most recent experimental results of τ physics are reviewed. The covered topics include precision measurements of semihadronic τ decay and their impact on tau branching ratio budget, the current status of the tau consistency test, a determination of Michel parameters and τ neutrino helicity, and upper limits on lepton-number violating τ decays. (orig.)

  11. Detector optimization studies and light Higgs decay into muons at CLIC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a concept for a future e+e- linear collider with a center-of-mass energy of up to 3 TeV. The design of a CLIC experiment is driven by the requirements related to the physics goals, as well as by the experimental conditions. For example, the short time between two bunch crossings of 0.5 ns and the backgrounds due to beamstrahlung have direct impact on the design of a CLIC experiment. The Silicon Detector (SiD) is one of the concepts currently being discussed as a possible detector for the International Linear Collider (ILC). In this thesis we develop a modified version of the SiD simulation model for CLIC, taking into account the specific experimental conditions. In addition, we developed a software tool to investigate the impact of beam-related backgrounds on the detector by overlaying events from different simulated event samples. Moreover, we present full simulation studies, determining the performance of the calorimeter and tracking systems. We show that the track reconstruction in the all-silicon tracker of SiD is robust in the presence of the backgrounds at CLIC. Furthermore, we investigate tungsten as a dense absorber material for the hadronic calorimeter, which allows for the construction of a compact hadronic calorimeter that fulfills the requirements on the energy resolution and shower containment without a significant increase of the coil radius. Finally, the measurement of the decays of light Higgs bosons into two muons is studied in full simulation. We find that with an integrated luminosity of 2 ab-1, corresponding to 4 years of data taking at CLIC, the respective Higgs branching ratio can be determined with a statistical uncertainty of approximately 15%.

  12. Detector optimization studies and light Higgs decay into muons at CLIC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grefe, Christian

    2013-09-15

    The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a concept for a future e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider with a center-of-mass energy of up to 3 TeV. The design of a CLIC experiment is driven by the requirements related to the physics goals, as well as by the experimental conditions. For example, the short time between two bunch crossings of 0.5 ns and the backgrounds due to beamstrahlung have direct impact on the design of a CLIC experiment. The Silicon Detector (SiD) is one of the concepts currently being discussed as a possible detector for the International Linear Collider (ILC). In this thesis we develop a modified version of the SiD simulation model for CLIC, taking into account the specific experimental conditions. In addition, we developed a software tool to investigate the impact of beam-related backgrounds on the detector by overlaying events from different simulated event samples. Moreover, we present full simulation studies, determining the performance of the calorimeter and tracking systems. We show that the track reconstruction in the all-silicon tracker of SiD is robust in the presence of the backgrounds at CLIC. Furthermore, we investigate tungsten as a dense absorber material for the hadronic calorimeter, which allows for the construction of a compact hadronic calorimeter that fulfills the requirements on the energy resolution and shower containment without a significant increase of the coil radius. Finally, the measurement of the decays of light Higgs bosons into two muons is studied in full simulation. We find that with an integrated luminosity of 2 ab{sup -1}, corresponding to 4 years of data taking at CLIC, the respective Higgs branching ratio can be determined with a statistical uncertainty of approximately 15%.

  13. A Study of the Decay $D^{0} \\to K^{+}\\pi^{-}$

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Ramírez, J E; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Caccianiga, B; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Agostino, L; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Segoni, I; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Xiong, W; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M S; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Link, Jonathan M.

    2001-01-01

    Using a large sample of photoproduced charm mesons from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab (FNAL-E831), we observe the decay $D^0\\to K^+\\pi^-$ with a signal yield of $149\\pm31$ events compared to a similarly cut sample consisting of $36760 \\pm 195$ $D^0\\to K^-\\pi^+$ events. We use the observed ratio of $D^0\\to K^+\\pi^-$ to $D^0\\to K^-\\pi^+$ $(0.404\\pm 0.085\\pm 0.025)%$ to obtain a relationship between the $D^0$ mixing and doubly Cabibbo suppressed decay parameters.

  14. STUDY OF DIMENSIONAL STABILITY, DECAY RESISTANCE, AND LIGHT STABILITY OF PHENYLISOTHIOCYANATE MODIFIED RUBBERWOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishna K. Pandey

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Rubber wood (Hevea brasiliensis was esterfied with phenylisothiocya-nate, and dimensional stability, decay resistance, and photo stability of the modified wood was assessed. The chemically modified wood was characterized by FTIR and CP/MAS 13C NMR spectroscopy. Unmodified and modified samples were exposed to a brown rot (Polyporus meliae and a white rot (Coriolus versicolor fungus for 12 weeks. Modified wood samples exhibited good dimensional stability and were very resistant to decay. However, phenylisothiocyanate modification of wood was not effective in decreasing photo-yellowing.

  15. Study of the deuteron emission in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{6}$He

    CERN Multimedia

    Karny, M; Tengblad, O; Riisager, K; Perkowski, J; Garcia borge, M J; Raabe, R; Kowalska, M; Fynbo, H O U; Perea martinez, A; Ter-akopian, G; Huyse, M L

    The main goal of the present proposal is to measure the continuous spectrum of deuterons emitted in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{6}$He. In particular, we want to focus on the low energy part of the spectrum, below 400 keV, which could not be accessed by all previous experiments. For the decay spectroscopy the Warsaw Optical Time Projection Chamber (OTPC) will be used. The bunches of $^{6}$He ions produced by REX-ISOLDE facility will be implanted into the active volume of the OTPC, where the rare events of deuteron emission will be recorded, practically background free.

  16. Study of pure annihilation type decays B → D*sK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we calculate the rare decays B0 → D*-sK+ and B+ → D*+sK-bar0 in the perturbative QCD approach with Sudakov resummation. We give the branching ratio of 10-5 for B0 → D*-sK+, which will be tested soon in B factories. The decay B+ → D*+sK-bar0 has a very small branching ratio at O(10-8), due to the suppression from CKM matrix elements |V*ubVcd|. It may be sensitive to new physics contributions

  17. Decay kinetics study of Ag0 in silver doped barium aluminoborate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EPR measurements of 30BaO.50B2O3.20Al2O3 at. % glasses containing different amounts of silver impurity, X-and γ-irradiated at room temperature, showed the presence of Ag0 and Ag++ centers. Decay kinetics of Ag0 was determined for different temperatures in glass containing 0.1% of silver. We show that our model of stabilization energy of H0 in B-O rings through van der Waals forces is not applicable to Ag0. Thus, we propose the model of reduction of Ag0 to Ag+ as the mechanism of the Ag0 decay kinetics. (author)

  18. Nuclear Structure of 124Xe Studied with β+/EC-Decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radich, A. J.; Garrett, P. E.; Allmond, J. M.; Andreoiu, C.; Ball, G. C.; Bianco, L.; Bildstein, V.; Chagnon-Lessard, S.; Cross, D. S.; Diaz Varela, A.; Dunlop, R.; Finlay, P.; Garnsworthy, A. B.; Hackman, G.; Hadinia, B.; Jigmeddorj, B.; Laffoley, A. T.; Leach, K. G.; Michetti-Wilson, J.; Orce, J. N.; Rajabali, M. M.; Rand, E.; Starosta, K.; Sumithrarachchi, C. S.; Svensson, C. E.; Triambak, S.; Wang, Z. M.; Wood, J. L.; Wong, J.; Williams, S. J.; Yates, S. W.

    The nuclear structure of 124Xe was investigated using γ-ray spectroscopy following the β+/EC-decay of 124Cs. A very high-statistics data set was collected and γγ coincidence data was analyzed, greatly adding to the 124Xe level scheme. A new decay branch from the high-spin isomer of 124Cs was observed as well as weak E2 transitions into excited 0+ states in 124Xe. B(E2) transition strengths of such low-spin transitions are very important in determining collective properties, which are currently poorly characterized in the region of neutron-deficient xenon isotopes.

  19. Simulation studies for Tin Bolometer Array for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, V; Mathimalar, S; Nanal, V; Pillay, R G

    2014-01-01

    It is important to identify and reduce the gamma radiation which can be a significant source of background for any double beta decay experiment. The TIN.TIN detector array, which is under development for the search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in $^{124}$Sn, has the potential to utilize the hit multiplicity information to discriminate the gamma background from the events of interest. Monte Carlo simulations for optimizing the design of a Tin detector module has been performed by varying element sizes with an emphasis on the gamma background reduction capabilities of the detector array.

  20. Study of Bbar to Xu l nubar Decays in BBbar Events Tagged by a Fully Reconstructed B-meson Decay and Determination of |V_{ub}|

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lees, J.P.

    2012-07-13

    We report measurements of partial branching fractions for inclusive charmless semileptonic B decays {bar B} {yields} X{sub u}{ell}{bar {nu}}, and the determination of the CKM matrix element |V{sub ub}|. The analysis is based on a sample of 467 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays recorded with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. We select events in which the decay of one of the B mesons is fully reconstructed and an electron or a muon signals the semileptonic decay of the other B meson. We measure partial branching fractions {Delta}{Beta} in several restricted regions of phase space and determine the CKM element |V{sub ub}| based on four different QCD predictions. For decays with a charged lepton momentum p*{sub {ell}} > 1.0 GeV in the B meson rest frame, we obtain {Delta}{Beta} = (1.80 {+-} 0.13{sub stat.} {+-} 0.15{sub sys.} {+-} 0.02{sub theo.}) x 10{sup -3} from a maximum likelihood fit to the two-dimensional M{sub X} - q{sup 2} distribution. Here, M{sub X} refers to the invariant mass of the final state hadron X and q{sup 2} is the invariant mass squared of the charged lepton and neutrino. From this measurement we extract |V{sub ub}| = (4.31 {+-} 0.25{sub exp.} {+-} 0.16{sub theo.}) x 10{sup -3} as the arithmetic average of four results obtained from four different QCD predictions of the partial rate. We separately determine partial branching fractions for {bar B}{sup 0} and B{sup -} decays and derive a limit on the isospin breaking in {bar B} {yields} X{sub u}{ell}{bar {nu}} decays.

  1. Prospect Study for the Exotic Decay of the Higgs Boson to Dark Photons in the Four Muon Channel

    CERN Document Server

    AL-Badi, Shaymaa

    2016-01-01

    This report presents a prospect study for the exotic decay of the Higgs boson to four muons, via one dark photon Z_D, H→ZZ_D→4μ. This prospect study is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.8 fb^(-1) of proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment during 2016 at a center-of-mass energy √s=13 TeV.

  2. Investigation of the performance of alpha particle counting and alpha-gamma discrimination by pulse shape with micro-pixel avalanche photodiode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Being capable measuring small lights gives possibility to use micro-pixel avalanche photodiodes with scintillators. It is shown two prototypes to use micro-pixel avalanche photodiodes with and without scintillators as alpha and gamma counters in this paper. First prototype is to use two micro-pixel avalanche photodiodes. One for detecting alpha particles and closer to it, the second one with a thin plastic scintillator for detecting gamma rays. Second prototype is called two-layers configuration in which it is used only one micro-pixel avalanche photodiode, but two scntillators with different decay times. One can distinquish alpha particle and gamma ray events by using pulse shape discrimination techniques in the two-layer configuration. In this work an alpha particle and gamma ray counting performance of micro-pixel avalanche photodiodes without scintillators and its combination of plastic and BGO+ plastic scintillators was investigated. Obtained results showed the detection performance of the micro-pixel avalanche photodiodes in combination with plastic scintillator was about the same as conventional semiconductor detectors

  3. Study of ψ(3770) decaying to baryon anti-baryon pairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Li-Gang

    2016-05-01

    To study the decays of ψ (3770) going to baryon anti-baryon pairs (B B bar), all available experiments of measuring the cross sections of e+e- → B B bar at center-of-mass energy ranging from 3.0 GeV to 3.9 GeV are combined. To relate the baryon octets, a model based on the SU(3) flavor symmetry is used and the SU(3) breaking effects are also considered. Assuming the electric and magnetic form factors are equal (|GE | = |GM |), a global fit including the interference between the QED process and the resonant process is performed. The branching fraction of ψ (3770) → B B bar is determined to be (2.4 ± 0.8 ± 0.3) ×10-5, (1.7 ± 0.6 ± 0.1) ×10-5, (4.5 ± 0.9 ± 0.1) ×10-5, (4.5 ± 0.9 ± 0.1) ×10-5, (2.0 ± 0.7 ± 0.1) ×10-5, and (2.0 ± 0.7 ± 0.1) ×10-5 for B = p , Λ ,Σ+ ,Σ0 ,Ξ- and Ξ0, respectively, where the first uncertainty is from the global fit and the second uncertainty is the systematic uncertainty due to the assumption |GE | = |GM |. They are at least one order of magnitude larger than a simple scaling of the branching fraction of J / ψ / ψ (3686) → B B bar .

  4. Study of ψ(3770 decaying to baryon anti-baryon pairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Gang Xia

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available To study the decays of ψ(3770 going to baryon anti-baryon pairs (BB¯, all available experiments of measuring the cross sections of e+e−→BB¯ at center-of-mass energy ranging from 3.0 GeV to 3.9 GeV are combined. To relate the baryon octets, a model based on the SU(3 flavor symmetry is used and the SU(3 breaking effects are also considered. Assuming the electric and magnetic form factors are equal (|GE|=|GM|, a global fit including the interference between the QED process and the resonant process is performed. The branching fraction of ψ(3770→BB¯ is determined to be (2.4±0.8±0.3×10−5, (1.7±0.6±0.1×10−5, (4.5±0.9±0.1×10−5, (4.5±0.9±0.1×10−5, (2.0±0.7±0.1×10−5, and (2.0±0.7±0.1×10−5 for B=p,Λ,Σ+,Σ0,Ξ− and Ξ0, respectively, where the first uncertainty is from the global fit and the second uncertainty is the systematic uncertainty due to the assumption |GE|=|GM|. They are at least one order of magnitude larger than a simple scaling of the branching fraction of J/ψ/ψ(3686→BB¯.

  5. Systematic study of EC decays in the {sup 146}Gd region relevant for a monoenergetic neutrino beam facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estevez Aguado, Maria Esther; Algora, Alejandro; Rubio, Berta; Bernabeu, Jose; Nacher, Enrique; Tain, Jose Luis; Gadea, Andres [IFIC (CSIC-UV), Valencia (Spain); Cano, Daniel [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Burkard, Karlheinz; Doering, Joachim; Gierlik, Michal; Hueller, Wilfried; Kirchner, Reinhard; Mukha, Ivan; Plettner, Cristina; Roeckl, Ernest [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Valiente, Jose Javier [INFN, Legnaro (Padova) (Italy); Batist, Leonid [PNPI, Gatchina (Russian Federation)

    2009-07-01

    The availability of a monochromatic neutrino source with adjustable energy could be an invaluable tool for the study of Charge-Parity (CP) violation in the leptonic sector in the frame of the Electroweak Theory of the Standard Model. It has been proposed to use as a neutrino source nuclei that decay by means of the electron capture (EC) process inside a storage ring. A systematic study of candidate nuclei in the {sup 146}Gd region has been carried out. In this contribution we show the results of the experimental study of the beta decay of two possible candidate nuclei ({sup 152}Yb and {sup 150}Er) using the Total Absortion Gamma Spectroscopy (TAGS) technique. A comparison of these results with earlier high resolution measurements is discussed.

  6. Study of neutron-induced background in nat,124Sn and natZr for double beta decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A tin cryogenic bolometer to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (NDBD) in 124Sn is under development at INO. In a rare decay process like NDBD where T1/2 > 1024 yrs, background understanding and minimization is critical in improving the sensitivity of the 0νββ measurement. A low background counting setup with special lead shielding has been made at TIFR for radiation background studies and material characterisation. Study of neutron-induced background becomes very crucial and will be useful to estimate n-induced background from fission in surrounding rocks at INO. With this motivation, n-induced background is investigated in nat,124Sn and natZr. In addition, n-induced reactions in ETP Cu (used in the cryostat of the dilution refrigerator) are also studied

  7. Search for exotic mesons and study of rare mesonic radiative decays at lepton spectrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of experiments carried out using the ''Lepton-F'' spectrometer, are presented. A new C(1480)-meson with quantum numbers IJPC = 11--, which is a candidate to exotic states, as well as a rare radiation decay D(1285) → Φγ, are detected

  8. Response regime studies on standard detectors for decay time determination in phosphor thermometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knappe, C.; Abou Nada, F.; Lindén, J.; Richter, M.; Aldén, M.

    2013-09-01

    This work compares the extent of linear response regimes from standard time-resolving optical detectors for phosphor thermometry. Different types of Photomultipliers (ordinary and time-gated) as well as an Avalanche Photodiode are tested and compared using the phosphorescent time decay of CdWO4 that ranges from 10 μs down to a few ns within a temperature span of 290 to 580 K. Effects originating from incipient detector saturation, far from obvious to the operator's eye, are revealed as a change in evaluated phosphorescence decay time. Since the decay time of thermographic phosphors itself is used for temperature determination - systematic temperature errors up to several tens of Kelvins may be introduced by such detector saturation. A detector mapping procedure is suggested in order to identify linear response regions where the decay-to-temperature evaluation can be performed unbiased. Generation of such a library is highly recommended prior to any quantitative measurement attempt. Using this detector library, even signals collected in the partly saturated regime can be corrected to their unbiased value extending the usable detector operating range significantly. Further, the use of an external current-to-voltage amplifier proved useful for most applications in time-based phosphor thermometry helping to limit saturation effects whilst maintaining a reasonable bandwidth and signal outputs.

  9. Studying χc1 → ηπ+π- decays at BESIII

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornicer, Mihajlo

    2016-05-01

    Based on 447.5 × 106 ψ(3686) produced at BESIII, we present results from an Amplitude Analysis of the ψ(3686) → γχc1; χc1 → ηπ+π- decays. Strong evidence for a two-body structure in ηπ+ + c.c. decays, with the invariant mass, width and spin consistent with the a2 (1700) is found. This decay mode of the χc1 has not been reported before. Using a dispersion relation to model the a0(980) → ηπ line shape, a non-zero value for the a0 (980) → η'π coupling is measured for the first time. The production of mesons with exotic quantum numbers, JPC = 1-+, decaying to the ηπ final state in the mass range 1.4-2.0 GeV/c2 is investigated, and the upper limits at 90% confidence level for the production of the π1(1400), π1(1600) and π1(2015) are determined.

  10. Study of the psi(2S) decay to p pbar pi+ pi-

    OpenAIRE

    Bian, J. G.

    2006-01-01

    The branching ratios of psi(2S)-->p pbar Pi+ pi- and psi(2S)-->p pbar omega, omega--> pi+ pi- pi0 are measured and the pi+ pi- invariant mass distribution in the first decay is discussed by analyzing 14 million produced psi(2S) events collected by the BESII detector at the BEPC.

  11. Laboratory Studies of Nonlinear Alfvén Interactions and Decay Instabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorfman, S.; Carter, T.; Vincena, S.; Pribyl, P.; Rossi, G.; Sydora, R.; Lin, Y.

    2015-11-01

    Alfvén waves, a fundamental mode of magnetized plasmas, are ubiquitous in lab and space. The non-linear behavior of these modes is thought to play a key role in important problems such as the heating of the solar corona, solar wind turbulence, and Alfvén eigenmodes in tokamaks. In particular, theoretical predictions show that these Alfvén waves may be unstable to various decay instabilities, even at low amplitudes (δB / B heart of the Parametric Decay Instability. More recently, efforts have focused on the non-linear decay of a KAW into daughter modes with frequencies and wave numbers that suggest co-propagating KAWs. The observed process is parametric, with the frequency of the daughter modes varying as a function of pump amplitude. Efforts are underway to fully characterize this set of experiments and compare with decay instabilities predicted by theory and simulations. Supported by DOE, NSF, and DOE FES and NASA Eddy Postdoctoral Fellowships.

  12. Study on the rare decays of $Y(4630)$ induced by final state interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Xing-Dao; Ke, Hong-Wei; Liu, Xiang; Li, Xue-Qian

    2016-01-01

    A new resonance $Y(4630)$ at the invariant mass spectrum of $\\Lambda_c^+ \\Lambda_c^-$ observed by the Belle Collaboration triggers a hot discussion about its inner structure. Since it preferably decays into two charmed baryons $\\Lambda_c^+\\Lambda_c^-$, it is tempted to conjecture it as a tetraquark. Because the dominant decay portal $Y(4630)\\to \\Lambda_c^+ \\Lambda_c^-$ is close to the energy threshold, the final state interactions may be significant and result in other baryonic and/or mesonic final states whose branching fractions are sizable to be measured in the future experiments. In this work we calculate the branching ratios of the $Y(4630)$ decays into $p\\bar p$, $D^{(*)+} D^{(*)-}$, $\\pi^+\\pi^-$, and $K^+K^-$ which are induced by the $\\Lambda_c^+ \\Lambda_c^-$ re-scattering. The resultant decay patterns will be tested by the future experiments and the consistency degree with the data composes a valuable probe for the tetraquark conjecture.

  13. Study of the excited states of 187Pt in the decay of 187Au (8.4 min)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decay of 187Au to 187Pt has been studied with mass-separated sources from the UNISOR facility. Multiscaled spectra of γ-rays, x-rays, and conversion electrons were obtained along with γ-γ-t, γ-x-t, e--γ-t, and e--x-t coincidence data. The half life of 187Au was measured to be 8.4 +- 0.3 min. A decay scheme consisting of 56 excited states and 245 transitions that incorporates 88% of the decay intensity assigned to 187Au has been constructed. The i/sub 13/2/ band in 187Pt is populated through low-spin band members in approximately 4% of the decays of 187Au. Levels at 260, 288, and 507 keV are found to de-excite by EO transitions. The ground-state decay energy is deduced to be Q/sub EC/ = 3.90 +- 0.15 MeV from a γ-gated β+/EC ratio. The positive parity states in 187Pt are compared with calculations made with the Lund Model [Larsson et. al., 1978]. Also an anion exchange and distillation procedure is described for preparing reactor-produced carrier-free 18F as K18F complexed with 18-crown-6 in acetonitrile for subsequent synthesis of labelled organic compounds. The reaction sequence 6Li(n,t) 4He - 16O(t,n) 18F produced yields of approximately 250 mCi of 18F per hour per gram of 96% enriched 6Li, as 6LiOH x H2O target, in a reactor thermal-neutron flux of 3 x 1013 n cm-2sec-1. Yields of tritium-free carrier-free 18F dissolved in the crown ether solution typically reach 85 +- 5% within the 45 minutes required for the radiochemical procedure

  14. Study of the decays: B → ηc K with the detector BaBar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis presents a study of the exclusive decays B± → ηcK± and B0 → ηcKS0 with ηc → KS0K±π±, ηc → K+K-π0 and ηc → K+K-K+K-, and the measurement of their branching ratios. We use 20.7 fb-1 of data collected by the experiment BABAR at the γ(4S) resonance between October 1999 and October 2000. These data correspond to 23 million BB-bar pairs. In the decays ηc → KS0K±π± and ηc → K+K-π0 the observed signals are statistically significant; they allow to measure the branching ratios. Upper limits are set, in the channels with ηc → K+K-K+K-: B(B+→ηcK+) * B(ηc→K+K-K+K-) -6 (90% confidence level); B(B+→ηcK+) * B(ηc→K0K-π++c.c.) (52,8±7,9±7,3) x 10-6; B(B+→ηcK+) * B(ηc→K+K-π0) (15,5±3,6±2,5) x 10-6; B(B0→ηcK0) * B(ηc→ K+K-K+K-) -6 (90% confidence level); B(B0→ηcK0) * B(ηc→K0K-π++c.c.) (36,8±11,6±6,0)x 10-6; B(B0→ηcK0) * B(ηc→ K+K-π0) = (11,3±5,1±2,4) x 10-6; where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The average of the branching ratio of ηc →KS0K±π± and ηc → K+K-π0 for the channels B± → ηcK± and B0 → ηcKS0, taking into account the common systematical errors, leads to: B(B+→ηcK+) * B(ηc→KK-barπ) = (82,5±10,4±8,3) x 10-6 and B(B0→ηcK0) * B(ηc→ KK-barπ) (58,1±15,2±6,3) x 10-6. The ratios RK ≡ Γ(B →ηcK)/Γ(B →J/ψK) have been determined to RK(B+) 1,48 ± 0,19 ± 0,17 ± 0,46 and RK(B0) = 1,24 ± 0,33 ± 0,16 ± 0,38. These measurements are dominated by the uncertainty on the world average of the ηc → KK-barπ branching ratio (third error). Our results are compatible with the theoretical predictions, which cover a large range; it is not possible to obtain stronger conclusions. (author)

  15. Constraining the 6.05 MeV 0$^+$ and 6.13 MeV 3$^-$ cascade transitions in the $^{12}$C($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$)$^{16}$O reaction using the Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients

    CERN Document Server

    Avila, M L; Koshchiy, E; Baby, L T; Belarge, J; Kemper, K W; Kuchera, A N; Mukhamedzhanov, A M; Santiago-Gonzalez, D; Uberseder, E

    2014-01-01

    Background. The $^{12}$C($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{16}$O reaction plays a fundamental role in astrophysics because its cross section near 300 keV in c.m. determines the $^{12}$C/$^{16}$O ratio at the end of the helium burning stage of stellar evolution. The astrophysically desired accuracy of better than 10\\% has not been achieved. Cascade $\\gamma$ transitions through the excited states of $^{16}$O are contributing to the uncertainty. Purpose. To measure the Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients (ANCs) for the 0$^+$ (6.05 MeV) and 3$^-$ (6.13 MeV) excited states in $^{16}$O and provide constraints on the cross section for the corresponding cascade transitions. Method. The ANCs were measured using the $\\alpha$-transfer reaction $^{12}$C($^6$Li,$d$)$^{16}$O performed at sub-Coulomb energies for both the entrance and exit channels. Results. The ANCs for the 0$^+$(6.05 MeV), 3$^-$(6.13 MeV), 2$^+$(6.92 MeV) and 1$^-$(7.12 MeV) states in $^{16}$O have been measured. The contribution of the 0$^+$ and 3$^-$ cascade transit...

  16. Charmless B decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the study of b-quarks and their decays which is a tool in exploring the physics of heavy quarks and the correctness of the Standard Model. Weak decays in the current Standard Model with three generations can be parameterized in terms of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix, which contains the couplings of the quarks. Current experimental efforts are directed toward the measurement of the matrix elements Vub and Vcb and the effects of the top quark as exhibited in Bo bar Bo mixing. Measurements of the lifetimes and semileptonic branching ratios indicate that the simple spectator model for the decay is true to 10-20 percent. Hadronic decays, m on the other hand, are poorly understood theoretically. Rare B decays are searched for as a probe of higher order electroweak processes and to search for effects of a possible fourth generation

  17. Study of the orientation and energy partition of three-jet events in hadronic Z0 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have measured the distributions of the jet energies in e+e-→q bar qg events, and of the three orientation angles of the event plane, using hadronic Z0 decays collected in the SLD experiment at SLAC. We find that the data are well described by perturbative QCD incorporating vector gluons. We have also studied models of scalar and tensor gluon production and find them to be incompatible with our data. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  18. Experimental study of the atmospheric neutrino backgrounds for proton decay to positron and neutral pion searches in water Cherenkov detectors

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Alain; Borghi, Silvia; Cervera Villanueva, Anselmo; Schroeter, Raphaël; K2K Collaboration

    2007-01-01

    The atmospheric neutrino background for proton decay to positron and neutral pion in ring imaging water Cherenkov detectors is studied with an artificial accelerator neutrino beam for the first time. In total, about 314,000 neutrino events corresponding to about 10 megaton-years of atmospheric neutrino interactions were collected by a 1,000 ton water Cherenkov detector (KT). The KT charged-current single neutral pion production data are well reproduced by simulation programs of neutrino and s...

  19. Annealing of α-decay damage in zircon: a Raman spectroscopic study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recrystallization and structural recovery in α-decay damage in zircon samples have been studied using Raman spectroscopy. Fifteen zircon samples with different degrees of radiation damage have been thermally annealed between 600 K and 1800 K for up to 28 days and 8 hours. The experimental results from this study reveal that recrystallization in the damaged zircon samples is a multi-stage process that depends on the degree of initial damage of the samples. In partially damaged samples the lattice recovery of damaged crystalline ZrSiO4 takes place at temperatures as low as about 700 K, as shown by a remarkable band-sharpening and a significant increase in the frequencies of ν1 and ν3 Si-O stretching vibrations together with the external band near 357 cm-1 with increasing temperature. A dramatic increase of Raman scattering intensity of ZrSiO4 occurs in partially damaged samples near 1000 K due to a recrystallization process involving epitaxial growth. Heavily damaged samples tend to decompose into ZrO2 and SiO2 at high temperatures. Tetragonal ZrO2 has been observed under annealing between 1125 K and about 1600 K in heavily damaged samples while monoclinic ZrO2 appears above 1600 K. Weak signals from ZrSiO4 were detected at 1125 K in highly metamict zircon although the main recrystallization appears to occur near 1500 K accompanied by a decrease of the volumes of ZrO2 as well as SiO2. This suggests that this recrystallization is associated with the reaction of ZrO2 with SiO2 to form ZrSiO4. A possible intermediate phase has been observed, for the first time, by Raman spectroscopy in damaged zircons annealed at temperatures between 800 K and 1400 K. This phase is characterized by strong, broad Raman signals near 670, 798 and 1175 cm-1. Prolonged isothermal annealing at 1050 K results in a decrease of these characteristic bands and eventually the disappearance of this intermediate phase. (author)

  20. Proton Decay

    OpenAIRE

    Raby, Stuart

    2002-01-01

    We discuss the status of supersymmetric grand unified theories [SUSY GUTs] with regards to the observation of proton decay. In this talk we focus on SUSY GUTs in 4 dimensions. We outline the major theoretical uncertainties present in the calculation of the proton lifetime and then present our best estimate of an absolute upper bound on the predicted proton lifetime. Towards the end, we consider some new results in higher dimensional GUTs and the ramifications for proton decay.

  1. Study of the decay mode D^0 -> K-K+pi-pi+

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Moore, J E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2004-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the branching ratio for the Cabibbo-favored decay mode $D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+$. From a sample of $2669 \\pm 101$ fully reconstructed $D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+$ events, we measure $\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+)/\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^+) = 0.0295 \\pm 0.0011(stat.) \\pm 0.0008(syst.)$. A coherent amplitude analysis has been performed to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. This analysis reveals a dominant contribution from $D^0 \\to K_1^+ K-$ modes.

  2. Study of the decay mode D^0 -> K-K-K+pi+

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Machado, A A; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Wahl, M; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chang, C H; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Lopes-Pegna, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Luiggi, E; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M S; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2003-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the branching ratio for the Cabibbo-favored decay mode $D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+$. From a sample of $143 \\pm 19$ fully reconstructed $D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+$ events, we measure $\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+)/\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^+) = 0.00257 \\pm 0.00034(stat.) \\pm 0.00024(syst.)$. A coherent amplitude analysis has been performed to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. This analysis reveals a dominant contribution from $\\phi$ and $\\bar K^{*0}(890)$ states.

  3. Study of the decays D0→K bar K, π bar π

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the CLEO detector we have observed the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D0→K0 bar K0, K+K-, and π+π-. We determine B(D0→K0 bar K0)= (0.13+0.07-0.05+0.02-0.02)%. Our measurement B(D0→K+K-)/B(D0→π+π-)=2.35±0.37±0.28 represents asubstantial improvement over previous results. We find no evidence for the decay D0→π0π0, and place a 90%-confidence-level upper limit of B(D0→π0π0)<0.46%

  4. Study of Nuclear Decay Data Contribution to Uncertainties in Heat Load Estimations for Spent Fuel Pools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferroukhi, H.; Leray, O.; Hursin, M.; Vasiliev, A.; Perret, G.; Pautz, A.

    2014-04-01

    At the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), a methodology for nuclear data uncertainty propagation in CASMO-5M (C5M) assembly calculations is under development. This paper presents a preliminary application of this methodology to C5M decay heat calculations. Applying a stochastic sampling method, nuclear decay data uncertainties are first propagated for the cooling phase only. Thereafter, the uncertainty propagation is enlarged to gradually account for cross-section as well as fission yield uncertainties during the depletion phase. On that basis, assembly heat load uncertainties as well as total uncertainty for the entire pool are quantified for cooling times up to one year. The relative contributions from the various types of nuclear data uncertainties are in this context also estimated.

  5. QCD studies of hadronic decays of Z0 bosons by SLD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Z0 bosons have been produced by collisions of longitudinally polarized electrons with unpolarized positrons at the SLAC Linear Collider and their decays have been recorded by the SLD experiment. We present preliminary QCD results based on the first 6000 such decays. We find good agreement between the inclusive properties of these data and the predictions of perturbative QCD plus fragmentation models. The strong coupling, αs, has been measured by three methods: jet rates yield αs(MZ) = 0.119 ± 0.002 (stat.) ± 0.003 (exp.syst.) ± 0.014 (theor); energy-energy correlations yield αs(MZ) = 0.121 ± 0.002 ± 0.004 ±0.0090.0016; the energy-energy correlation asymmetry gives αs(MZ) = 0.108 ± 0.003 ± 0.005 ± 0.0030.008

  6. Study of the inner Bremsstrahlung following the electron-capture decay of 193 Pt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are measuring the inner Bremsstrahlung (I B) photons emitted in some of the electron-capture decays of 193 Pt. The source was prepared with highly pure metal Pt. It was irradiated with neutron for 52 days and let to cool down for eight months. The remaining activities were due to 193 Ptg (half-life 50 yr) and 192 Ir (half-life 74 d), the latter coming from (n, γ) reactions on a small content of Ir. We have used a radiochemistry method to reduce the Ir content of the source. The resulting Pt compound will be dissolved in a plastic scintillator disk. Most of the 192 Ir decays are β- and their signal in the plastic will be used as a veto for the I B-photon detector. We have performed simulations of the efficiency and absorption effects in the detection geometry. (author)

  7. Conceptual study of ferromagnetic pebbles for heat exhaust in fusion reactors with short power decay length

    OpenAIRE

    Gierse, N.; Coenen, J W; C. Thomser; Panin, A.; Ch. Linsmeier; Unterberg, B.; Philipps, V

    2015-01-01

    Ferromagnetic pebbles are investigated as high heat flux (q∥) plasma facing components in fusion devices with short power decay length (λq) on a conceptual level. The ability of a pebble concept to cope with high heat fluxes is retained and extended by the acceleration of ferromagnetic pebbles in magnetic fields. An alloying concept suited for fusion application is outlined and the compatibility of ferromagnetic pebbles with plasma operation is discussed. Steel grade 1.4510 is chosen as a ...

  8. B-meson mass and decay constant from lattice QCD. A preliminary study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the results of the first computation on large lattices of the B-meson binding energy and decay constant following the method proposed by Eichten. The results obtained at β=6 on a 20x102x40 lattice and at β=6.2 on a 162x48 lattice show that it is necessary to have a statistical sample which is much larger than in similar computations with light mesons in order to obtain results of comparable precision. (orig.)

  9. A study of D ∗+π - production in semileptonic B decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buskulic, D.; Casper, D.; de Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Odier, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Ariztizabal, F.; Chmeissani, M.; Crespo, J. M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll; Martinez, M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Palla, F.; Pascual, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Sanchez, F.; Teubert, F.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Marinelli, N.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Huang, X.; Lin, J.; Ouyang, Q.; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, R.; Xue, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Bonvicini, G.; Cattaneo, M.; Comas, P.; Coyle, P.; Drevermann, H.; Engelhardt, A.; Forty, R. W.; Frank, M.; Ganis, G.; Girone, M.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Maggi, M.; Markou, C.; Martin, E. B.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Palazzi, P.; Pater, J. R.; Perrodo, P.; Pusztaszeri, J.-F.; Ranjard, F.; Rolandi, L.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I. R.; Veenhof, R.; Venturi, A.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wildish, T.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Barres, A.; Boyer, C.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Monteil, S.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, J.; Rossignol, J.-M.; Saadi, F.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. B.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Johnson, S. D.; Nilsson, B. S.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Bourdon, P.; Passalacqua, L.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Valassi, A.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Veitch, E.; Focardi, E.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Delfino, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Jaffe, D. E.; Antonelli, A.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Salomone, S.; Colrain, P.; Ten Have, I.; Knowles, I. G.; Lynch, J. G.; Maitland, W.; Morton, W. T.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Smith, M. G.; Thompson, A. S.; Thorn, S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Becker, U.; Braun, O.; Geweniger, C.; Graefe, G.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Schmidt, M.; Sommer, J.; Stenzel, H.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Colling, D. J.; Dorman, P. J.; Konstantinidis, N.; Moneta, L.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; San Martin, G.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Stacey, A. M.; Dissertori, G.; Girtler, P.; Kneringer, E.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Jackson, D.; Keemer, N. R.; Nuttall, M.; Patel, A.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S. W.; Whelan, E. P.; Galla, A.; Greene, A. M.; Kleinknecht, K.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H.-G.; Schmidt, H.; Walther, S. M.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, B.; Aubert, J. J.; Bencheikh, A. M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Bujosa, G.; Calvet, D.; Carr, J.; Diaconu, C.; Etienne, F.; Thulasidas, M.; Nicod, D.; Payre, P.; Rousseau, D.; Talby, M.; Abt, I.; Assmann, R.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Gotzhein, C.; Halley, A. W.; Jakobs, K.; Kroha, H.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H.-G.; Richter, R.; Rosado-Schlosser, A.; Schwarz, A. S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; Denis, R. St; Wolf, G.; Alemany, R.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Courault, F.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph; Jacquet, M.; Janot, P.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Musolino, G.; Nikolic, I.; Park, H. J.; Park, I. C.; Schune, M.-H.; Simion, S.; Veillet, J.-J.; Videau, I.; Abbaneo, D.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bottigli, U.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ciulli, V.; Dell'Orso, R.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foà, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Sciabà, A.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A. P.; Blair, G. A.; Bryant, L. M.; Gao, Y.; Green, M. G.; Johnson, D. L.; Medcalf, T.; Mir, Ll. M.; Strong, J. A.; Bertin, V.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Haywood, S.; Edwards, M.; Maley, P.; Norton, P. R.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lançon, E.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Rosowsky, A.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Trabelsi, A.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R. P.; Litke, A. M.; Taylor, G.; Wear, J.; Beddall, A.; Booth, C. N.; Boswell, R.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Dawson, I.; Koksal, A.; Letho, M.; Newton, W. M.; Rankin, C.; Thompson, L. F.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Cowan, G.; Feigl, E.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Minguet-Rodriguez, J.; Rivera, F.; Saraiva, P.; Schäfer, U.; Smolik, L.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Pitis, L.; Ragusa, F.; Kim, H.; Rothberg, J.; Wasserbaech, S.; Armstrong, S. R.; Bellantoni, L.; Elmer, P.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; González, S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J. L.; Hayes, O. J.; Hu, H.; McNamara, P. A.; Nachtman, J. M.; Orejudos, W.; Pan, Y. B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Scott, I. J.; Sharma, V.; Turk, J. D.; Walsh, A. M.; Weber, F. V.; Wu, Sau Lan; Wu, X.; Yamartino, J. M.; Zheng, M.; Zobernig, G.; Aleph Collaboration

    1995-02-01

    In a sample of 1.5 million hadronic decays of the Z collected by the ALEPH detector, a search is carried out for the decays overlineB → D 10(2420)l -overlineνX and B → D 2∗0(2460)l -overlineνX. The product branching ratio for D 10 production is measured to be Br(b → overlineB) × Br( overlineB → D 10l -overlineνX) × Br(D 10 → D ∗+π -) = (2.04 ± 0.58 stat ± 0.34 syst) × 10 -3, and a 95% confidence level limit of Br(b → overlineB) × Br( overlineB → D 2∗0l -overlineνX) × Br(D 2∗0 → D ∗+π -) ≤ 0.81 × 10 -3 is obtained for D 2∗0 production. A topological search sensitive to the processes above, but also to wide resonances that decay to D∗+π - and to non-resonant D∗+π - production is also carried out, yielding Br(b→ overlineB) ×Br( overlineB →D ∗+π -l -overlineνX)= (3.7 ± 1.0 stat ± 0.7 syst) × 10 -3. Direct evidence of D ∗π production inconsistent with D 10 and D 2∗0 in semileptonic B decay is presented.

  10. Natural decay series radionuclide studies at the Needle's Eye natural analogue site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report covers work on a natural radioactive geochemical system and has been carried out with the aim of improving confidence in using predictive models of radionuclide migration in the geosphere. It is one of a series being produced and is concerned with the U/Th decay series characterization of the hydrothermal mineral veins and the movement of these radionuclides into post-glacial flood plain deposits

  11. Study of B0 to D(*)0h0 Decay and Measurement ofsin(2beta)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bomben, Marco; /SLAC /Trieste U., DMI

    2007-09-18

    This thesis describes a measurement of a CP violating asymmetry in neutral B meson decays, B{sup 0} yields D{sup *0}h{sup 0}, where D{sup *0} is a charmed meson and h{sup 0} is a light meson, performed on data collected by the BABAR experiment at the SLAC asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider PEP-II.

  12. Dalitz plot studies of D0 → KS0π+π− decays in a factorization approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leśniak Leonard

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A quasi two-body QCD factorization is used to study the D0 → KS0π+π− decays. The presently available high-statistics Dalitz plot data of this process measured by the Belle and BABAR Collaborations are analyzed together with the τ− → KS0π−ντ decay data. The total experimental branching fraction is also included in the fits which show a very good overall agreement with the experimental Dalitz plot density distributions. The branching fractions of the dominant channels compare well with those of the isobar Belle or BABAR models. We show that the branching fractions corresponding to the annihilation amplitudes are significant.

  13. Study on the 6He β-decay with account for second-class currents and antineutrino mass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of the rest mass of electron antineutrino are studied taking into account the induced tensor form factor Ft of second kind current according to the Weinberg classification in the course of 6He nucleus β-decay. The contribution of mν and Ft into the electron-antineutrino angular correlation coefficient Aeν and degree of longitudinal polarization of decay electrons. It is shown that in the case of mν difference from zero independently of second kind current account Aeν coefficient both at the begining and end of the β spectrum asymptotically tends to zero. It is noted that qualitatively new experiments on measurement of the e-ν correlation for pure Gamov-Teller transitions with the 1% accuracy being planned for the nearest future will permit to considerably improve the available estimations by the Ft form factor value

  14. Background reduction in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments using segmented detectors-A Monte Carlo study for the GERDA setup

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The identification of gamma radiation is essential for a new generation of double beta decay experiments. The GERmanium Detector Array, GERDA, located at the INFN Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS) in Italy, uses germanium, enriched in Ge76, as source and detector, and aims at a background level of less than 10-3counts/(kgkeVy) in the region of the Qββ-value. For the first time highly segmented detectors will be installed in a double beta decay experiment. A detailed GEANT4 Monte Carlo study was performed to evaluate the background reduction achievable by anti-coincidence cuts between crystals and segments. Within the overall geometry of GERDA, the segmentation scheme considered here provides around an order of magnitude of extra background reduction

  15. Systematic study of α decay half-lives for even-even nuclei within a two-potential approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiao-Dong; Guo, Ping; Li, Xiao-Hua

    2016-03-01

    α decay is a common and important process of natural radioactivity of heavy and superheavy nuclei. The α decay half-lives for even-even nuclei from Z =62 to Z =118 are systematically studied based on the two-potential approach with a quasistationary state approximation. As for the nuclear potential, the isospin effect is considered, which slightly improves the results by 6.8%. To reduce the deviations between experimental half-lives and calculated results due to the nuclear shell structure, the analytic expression of hindrance factors is employed. Our results can reproduce the experimental half-lives as good as using the density-dependent cluster model and the generalized liquid drop model.

  16. Systematic study of $\\alpha$ decay half-lives for even-even nuclei within a two-potential approach

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Xiao-Dong; Li, Xiao-Hua

    2015-01-01

    $\\alpha$ decay is a common and important process for natural radioactivity of heavy and superheavy nuclei. The $\\alpha$ decay half-lives for even-even nuclei from Z=62 to Z=118 are systematically researched based on the two-potential approach with a quasi-stationary state approximation. To describe the deviations between experimental half-lives and calculated results due to the nuclear shell structure, a hindrance factor related with $\\alpha$ particle preformation probability is introduced. Our results can well reproduce the experimental data equally to the density-dependent cluster model and the generalized liquid drop model. We also study the isospin effect of nuclear potential in this work. Considering the isospin effect the calculated results improved about 7.3$\\%$.

  17. Feasibility study for a search for τ→μ+γ decay at Super c−τ factory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Monte Carlo study of possible background processes in a search for τ→μγ decay has been performed for conditions of the Super c−τ factory (SCTF) at a center-of-mass energy 3.686 GeV, 3.77 GeV and 4.17 GeV. The background from τ+τ− events has been analysed. Selection criteria for background suppression are suggested and necessary requirements on the detector characteristics have been found. A possible upper limit for Bτ→μγ at SCTF is about (1.5÷2.5)×10−10. The SCTF can successfully compete with the Super B-factory in a search for τ→μγ decay

  18. Study of the $K^{\\pm} \\rightarrow \\pi^{\\pm} \\gamma \\gamma$ decay by the NA62 experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Lazzeroni, C; Ceccucci, A; Danielsson, H; Falaleev, V; Gatignon, L; Goy Lopez, S; Hallgren, B; Maier, A; Peters, A; Piccini, M; Riedler, P; Frabetti, P L; Gersabeck, E; Kekelidze, V; Madigozhin, D; Misheva, M; Molokanova, N; Movchan, S; Shkarovskiy, S; Zinchenko, A; Rubin, P; Baldini, W; Cotta Ramusino, A; Dalpiaz, P; Fiorini, M; Gianoli, A; Norton, A; Petrucci, F; Savrie, M; Wahl, H; Bizzeti, A; Bucci, F; Iacopini, E; Lenti, M; Veltri, M; Antonelli, A; Moulson, M; Raggi, M; Spadaro, T; Eppard, K; Hita-Hochgesand, M; Kleinknecht, K; Renk, B; Wanke, R; Winhart, A; Winston, R; Bolotov, V; Duk, V; Gushchin, E; Ambrosino, F; Di Filippo, D; Massarotti, P; Napolitano, M; Palladino, V; Saracino, G; Anzivino, G; Imbergamo, E; Piandani, R; Sergi, A; Cenci, P; Pepe, M; Costantini, F; Doble, N; Giudici, S; Pierazzini, G; Sozzi, M; Venditti, S; Balev, S; Collazuol, G; Di, L; Gallorini, S; Goudzovski, E; Lamanna, G; Mannelli, I; Ruggiero, G; Cerri, C; Fantechi, R; Kholodenko, S; Kurshetsov, V; Obraztsov, V; Semenov, V; Yushchenko, O; D'Agostini, G; Leonardi, E; Serra, M; Valente, P; Fucci, A; Salamon, A; Bloch-Devaux, B; Peyaud, B; Engelfried, J; Coward, D; Kozhuharov, V; Litov, L; Arcidiacono, R; Bifani, S; Biino, C; Dellacasa, G; Marchetto, F; Numao, T; Retiere, F

    2014-01-01

    A study of the dynamics of the rare decay $K^\\pm\\to\\pi^\\pm\\gamma\\gamma$ has been performed on a sample of 232 decay candidates, with an estimated background of $17.4\\pm1.1$ events, collected by the NA62 experiment at CERN in 2007. The results are combined with those from a measurement conducted by the NA48/2 collaboration at CERN. The combined model-independent branching ratio in the kinematic range $z=(m_{\\gamma\\gamma}/m_K)^2>0.2$ is ${\\cal B}_{\\rm MI}(z>0.2) = (0.965 \\pm 0.063) \\times 10^{-6}$, and the combined branching ratio in the full kinematic range assuming a Chiral Perturbation Theory description is ${\\cal B}(K_{\\pi\\gamma\\gamma}) = (1.003 \\pm 0.056) \\times 10^{-6}$. A detailed comparison of the results with the previous measurements is performed.

  19. Study of Excited $\\Xi_c$ States Decaying into $\\Xi_c^0$ and $\\Xi_c^+$ Baryons

    CERN Document Server

    Yelton, J; Aihara, H; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Ayad, R; Badhrees, I; Bahinipati, S; Bakich, A M; Barberio, E; Behera, P; Bhuyan, B; Biswal, J; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Browder, T E; Červenkov, D; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Cho, K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Danilov, M; Dash, N; Di Carlo, S; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Fulsom, B G; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Gillard, R; Goldenzweig, P; Hara, T; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hou, W -S; Inguglia, G; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Jacobs, W W; Jeon, H B; Joffe, D; Joo, K K; Julius, T; Kang, K H; Kato, E; Kato, Y; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, K T; Kim, S H; Kinoshita, K; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Kotchetkov, D; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Lange, J S; Li, C H; Li, H; Li, L; Li, Y; Libby, J; Liventsev, D; Lubej, M; Luo, T; Masuda, M; Matsuda, T; Matvienko, D; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Moll, A; Moon, H K; Nanut, T; Nath, K J; Nayak, M; Negishi, K; Niiyama, M; Nishida, S; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Pal, B; Park, C -S; Park, H; Paul, S; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Pulvermacher, C; Ritter, M; Rostomyan, A; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Savinov, V; Schlüter, T; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Seino, Y; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shebalin, V; Shen, C P; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Starič, M; Strube, J F; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takizawa, M; Tanida, K; Tenchini, F; Uchida, M; Uglov, T; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Y; Van Hulse, C; Varner, G; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C H; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, Y; Widmann, E; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yuan, C Z; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhukova, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2016-01-01

    Using a data sample of 980 ${\\rm fb}^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ annihilation data taken with the Belle detector operating at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider, we report the results of a study of excited $\\Xi_c$ states that decay, via the emission of photons and/or charged pions, into $\\Xi_c^0$ or $\\Xi_c^+$ ground state charmed-strange baryons. We present new measurements of the masses of all members of the $\\Xi_c^{\\prime}$, $\\Xi_c(2645)$, $\\Xi_c(2790)$, $\\Xi_c(2815)$, and $\\Xi_c(2980)$ isodoublets, measurements of the intrinsic widths of those that decay strongly, and evidence of previously unknown transitions.

  20. Contribution to the Development of the LHCb vertex locator and study of rare semileptonic decays

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2067796

    2002-01-01

    The LHCb experiment will take place at the future LHC accelerator at CERN and will start in 2006. It is a forward single-arm spectrometer dedicated to precision measurements of CP violation and rare decays in the b quark sector. Recent experimental results have shown that CP violation is large in this sector. In the Standard Model, CP violation arises via the complex phase of the 3x3 CKM quark mixing matrix. The LHCb experiment will test the unitarity of this matrix by measuring in several theoretically unrelated ways all angles and all sides of the unitarity triangle. This will allow to over-constrain the model and - hopefully - to exhibit inconsistencies which will be a signal of physics beyond the Standard Model. This thesis presents the sensitivity of the LHCb experiment to the recently observed flavour changing neutral current decays b → lld,s. Comparing the inclusive branching ratios of the B → μμXs and B → μμXd decays allows to extract the CKM matrix elements ratio Vtd/Vts. This constrains t...

  1. Study of the Xi(1620) and Xi(1690) resonances in Xi_c -> pi^+ MB decays

    CERN Document Server

    Miyahara, Kenta; Oka, Makoto; Nieves, Juan; Oset, Eulogio

    2016-01-01

    Nonleptonic weak decays of Xi_c into pi^+ and a meson (M)-baryon (B) final state, MB, are analyzed from the viewpoint of probing S=-2 baryon resonances, i.e. Xi(1620) and Xi(1690), which spin-parity and other properties are not well known. We argue that the weak decay of Xi_c is dominated by a single quark-line diagram, preferred by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa coefficient, color recombination factor, the diquark correlation, and the kinematical condition. The decay process has an advantage of being free from meson resonances in the pi^+M invariant mass distribution. The invariant mass distribution of the meson-baryon final state is calculated with three different chiral unitary approaches, assuming that the Xi(1620) and Xi(1690) resonances have J^P=1/2^-. It is found that a clear peak for the Xi(1690) is seen in the piXi and KbarLambda spectra. We also suggest that the ratios of the piXi, KbarLambda and KbarSigma final states are useful to distinguish whether the peak is originated from the Xi(1690) resonan...

  2. Study of the semileptonic decay $\\Lambda^{0}_{b} \\to \\Lambda^{+}_{c}l^{-}\\overline{v}_{l}$

    CERN Document Server

    Albertus, C; Nieves, J; 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2005.01.005

    2005-01-01

    Within the framework of a nonrelativistic quark model we evaluate the six form factors associated with the Lambda /sub b//sup 0/ to Lambda /sub c//sup +/l/sup -/v/sub l/ semileptonic decay. The baryon wave functions were evaluated using a variational approach applied to a family of trial functions constrained by Heavy Quark Symmetry (HQS). We use a spectator model with only one-body current operators. For these operators we keep up to first order terms on the internal (small) heavy quark momentum, but all orders on the transferred (large) momentum. Our result for the partially integrated decay width is in good agreement with lattice calculations. Comparison of our total decay width to experiment allows us to extract theV/sub cb /Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element for which we obtain a value of ¿V/sub cb/¿=0.047+or-0.005 in agreement with a recent determination by the DELPHI Collaboration. Furthermore, we obtain the universal Isgur-Wise function with a slope parameter rho /sup 2/=0.98 in agreement with...

  3. Semileptonic Decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luth, Vera G.; /SLAC

    2012-10-02

    The following is an overview of the measurements of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub cb}| and |V{sub ub}| that are based on detailed studies of semileptonic B decays by the BABAR and Belle Collaborations and major advances in QCD calculations. In addition, a new and improved measurement of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) is presented. Here D{sup (*)} refers to a D or a D* meson and {ell} is either e or {mu}. The results, R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, they disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. The excess of events cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model.

  4. Study of the γ decay of high-lying states in 208Pb via inelastic scattering of 17O ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespi F.C.L.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available High-lying states in 208Pb nucleus were populated via inelastic scattering of a 17O beam at bombarding energy of 20 MeV/u. Their subsequent gamma decay was measured with the detector system AGATA Demonstrator based on HPGe detectors, coupled to an array of large volume LaBr3:Ce scintillators. Preliminary results in comparison with (γ,γ′ data, for states in the 5–8 MeV energy interval, seem to indicate that in that region the states belong to two different groups one with a isoscalar character and the other with a isovector nature. This is similar to what was observed in other stable nuclei with (α,α′γ experiments. The multipolarity of the observed gamma transitions is determined with remarkable sensitivity thanks to angular distribution measurements. Data aiming at studying the neutron decay of the Giant Quadrupole Resonance in the 208Pb by the high resolution measurement of the following gamma decay are also presented in their preliminary form.

  5. Along the N=126 closed shell: study of $^{205}$Au through its $\\pi h_{11/2}^{-1}$ isomeric decay

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Excited states have been identified in only three of the N=126 closed shell nuclei 'below' $^{208}$Pb, $^{207}$Tl, $^{206}$Hg and very recently $^{204}$Pt. We aim to extend our knowledge of the neutron-rich N=126 nuclei by observing the internal decay of the $\\pi h^{-1}_{11/2}$ excited state in $^{205}$Au, which is expected to be isomeric. In addition, the decay of the analogous states in the N=122 and N=124 $^{201,203}$Au will be studied. The lifetimes of the expected isomeric states are crucial for the success of the experiment, and they are estimated to be in the range of 0.3-20 s. These are long enough to enable the extraction from the source, but shorter than the $\\beta$-decay half-lives. Proton single-particle energies and transition rates will be extracted, providing information about the robustness of the N=126 shell-closure. Three days of beam-time is requested.

  6. Photoproduction of charmed mesons: study of charmed mesons decays involving two charged kaons in the final state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a study of charmed mesons decays involving two charged kaons in the final state. The experimental results are obtained from the data of the CERN NA14/2 experiment in a photon beam of mean energy 90 GeV. The main component of the apparatus is a silicon vertex detector made of an active target and a telescope of microstrips planes, the high spatial resolution of which allows to separate vertices and to measure the charmed mesons distance of flight. An electromagnetic calorimeter enables us to search for decay modes involving a π0. We have observed the charmed mesons D0, D+, Ds+ and their antiparticles in six different decay modes, two of which are new: Φπ+ π- and Φπ+π0. The results obtained on branching ratios are in agreement with theoretical predictions except those on the Φπ+π0 mode for which the predictions on the resonant mode Φp+ are not reproduced by the data

  7. Study of the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ and its intermediate states

    CERN Document Server

    Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Rakitin, A Y; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; Behn, E; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Dallapiccola, C; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Anulli, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Bünger, C; Grünberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Schröder, H; Voß, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Vasseur, G; Y\\`, Ch; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Miyashita, T S; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Ahmed, H; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L

    2013-01-01

    We study the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$, reconstructing the \\Lambda_{c}^{+} baryon in the $p K^{-}\\pi^{+}$ mode, using a data sample of $467\\times 10^{6}$ $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-2 storage rings at SLAC. We measure branching fractions for decays with intermediate $\\Sigma_{c}$ baryons to be ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(21.3 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 5.5) \\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(11.5\\pm 1.0 \\pm 0.5 \\pm 3.0)\\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]=(9.1 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.4 \\pm 2.4)\\times10^{-5}$, and ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]= (2.2 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.1\\pm 0.6) \\times 10^{-5}$, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the uncertainty on the $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\rightarrow\\proton\\Km\\pi^{+}$ branching fraction, respectively. For decays without $\\Sig...

  8. A Study of B0 ---> J/psi K(*)0 pi+ pi- Decays with the Collider Detector at Fermilab

    CERN Document Server

    Affolder, T; Akopian, A M; Albrow, Michael G; Amaral, P; Amidei, D; Anikeev, K; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asakawa, T; Ashmanskas, W; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Bailey, S; De Barbaro, P; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, Virgil E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Barone, M; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Belforte, S; Bell, W H; Bellettini, Giorgio; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Bensinger, J; Beretvas, A; Bergé, J P; Berryhill, J W; Bhatti, A A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bishai, M; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Bloom, K; Blumenfeld, B; Blusk, S R; Bocci, A; Bodek, Arie; Bokhari, W; Bölla, G; Bonushkin, Yu; Bortoletto, Daniela; Boudreau, J; Brandl, A; van den Brink, S C; Bromberg, C; Brozovic, M; Brubaker, E; Bruner, N L; Buckley-Geer, E; Budagov, Yu A; Budd, H S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Byon-Wagner, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calafiura, P; Campbell, M; Carithers, W C; Carlson, J; Carlsmith, D; Caskey, W; Castro, A; Cauz, D; Cerri, A; Chan, A W; Chang, P S; Chang, P T; Chapman, J; Chen, C; Chen, Y C; Cheng, M T; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chirikov-Zorin, I E; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Christofek, L S; Chu, M L; Chung, Y S; Ciobanu, C I; Clark, A G; Colijn, A P; Connolly, A; Conway, J; Cordelli, M; Cranshaw, J; Cropp, R; Culbertson, R J; Dagenhart, D; D'Auria, S; De Jongh, F; Dell'Agnello, S; Dell'Orso, Mauro; Demortier, L; Deninno, M; Derwent, P F; Devlin, T; Dittmann, J R; Dominguez, A; Donati, S; Done, J; D'Onofrio, M; Dorigo, T; Eddy, N; Einsweiler, Kevin F; Elias, J E; Engels, E; Erbacher, R D; Errede, D; Errede, S; Fan, Q; Fang, H C; Feild, R G; Fernández, J P; Ferretti, C; Field, R D; Fiori, I; Flaugher, B; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J; Friedman, J; Fukui, Y; Furic, I K; Galeotti, S; Gallas, A; Gallinaro, M; Gao, T; García-Sciveres, M; Garfinkel, A F; Gatti, P; Gay, C; Gerdes, D W; Giannetti, P; Giromini, P; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D A; Gold, M; Goldstein, J; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Yu; Goulianos, K; Green, C; Grim, G; Gris, P; Groer, L S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Günther, M; Guillian, G; Guimaraesda Costa, J; Haas, R M; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Hall, C; Handa, T; Handler, R; Hao, W; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hardman, A D; Harris, R M; Hartmann, F; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Heinrich, J; Heiss, A; Herndon, M; Hill, C; Hoffman, K D; Holck, C; Hollebeek, R J; Holloway, L E; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R; Huston, J; Huth, J; Ikeda, H; Incandela, J R; Introzzi, G; Iwai, J; Iwata, Y; James, E; Jones, M; Joshi, U; Kambara, H; Kamon, T; Kaneko, T; Karr, K M; Kasha, H; Kato, Y; Keaffaber, T A; Kelley, K; Kelly, M; Kennedy, R D; Kephart, R D; Khazins, D; Kikuchi, T; Kilminster, B; Kim, B J; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirby, M; Kirk, M; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Koehn, P; Kondo, K; Konigsberg, J; Korn, A J; Korytov, A; Kovács, E; Kroll, J; Kruse, M; Kuhlmann, S E; Kurino, K; Kuwabara, T; Laasanen, A T; Lai, N; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, J; Lancaster, M; Lander, R; Lath, A; Latino, G; LeCompte, T J; Lee, Alfred M; Lee, K; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lindgren, M; Liss, T M; Liu, J B; Liu, Y C; Litvintsev, D O; Lobban, O; Lockyer, N; Loken, J; Loreti, M; Lucchesi, D; Lukens, P; Lusin, S; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maksimovic, P; Malferrari, L; Mangano, Michelangelo L; Mariotti, M; Martignon, G; Martin, A; Matthews, J A J; Mayer, J; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McKigney, E A; Menguzzato, M; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Meyer, A; Miao, T; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Minato, H; Miscetti, S; Mishina, M; Mitselmakher, G; Moggi, N; Moore, E; Moore, R; Morita, Y; Moulik, T; Mulhearn, M; Mukherjee, A; Müller, T; Munar, A; Murat, P; Murgia, S; Nachtman, J; Nagaslaev, V; Nahn, S; Nakada, H; Nakano, I; Nelson, C; Nelson, T; Neu, C; Neuberger, D; Newman-Holmes, C; Ngan, C Y P; Niu, H; Nodulman, L; Nomerotski, A; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Ohmoto, T; Ohsugi, T; Oishi, R; Okusawa, T; Olsen, J; Orejudos, W; Pagliarone, C; Palmonari, F; Paoletti, R; Papadimitriou, V; Partos, D; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, Z C; Pellett, D; Pescara, L; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Pitts, K T; Pompos, A; Pondrom, L; Pope, G; Popovic, M; Prokoshin, F; Proudfoot, J; Ptohos, F; Pukhov, O; Punzi, G; Rakitine, A; Ratnikov, F; Reher, D; Reichold, A; Ribon, A; Riegler, W; Rimondi, F; Ristori, L; Riveline, M; Robertson, W J; Robinson, A; Rodrigo, T; Rolli, S; Rosenson, L; Roser, R; Rossin, R; Rott, C; Roy, A; Ruiz, A; Safonov, A; Denis, R S; Sakumoto, W K; Saltzberg, D; Sánchez, C; Sansoni, A; Santi, L; Sato, H; Savard, P; Schlabach, P; Schmidt, E E; Schmidt, M P; Schmitt, M; Scodellaro, L; Scott, A; Scribano, A; Segler, S L; Seidel, S; Seiya, Y; Semenov, A; Semeria, F; Shah, T; Shapiro, M D; Shepard, P F; Shibayama, T; Shimojima, M; Shochet, M J; Sidoti, A; Siegrist, J L; Sill, A; Sinervo, P; Singh, P; Slaughter, A J; Sliwa, K; Smith, C; Snider, F D; Solodsky, A; Spalding, J; Speer, T; Sphicas, Paris; Spinella, F; Spiropulu, M; Spiegel, L; Steele, J; Stefanini, A; Strologas, J; Strumia, F; Stuart, D; Sumorok, K; Suzuki, T; Takano, T; Takashima, R; Takikawa, K; Tamburello, P; Tanaka, M; Tannenbaum, B; Tecchio, M; Tesarek, R; Teng, P K; Terashi, K; Tether, S; Thompson, A S; Thurman-Keup, R M; Tipton, P; Tkaczyk, S M; Toback, D; Tollefson, K; Tollestrup, Alvin V; Tonelli, D; Toyoda, H; Trischuk, W; De Trocóniz, J F; Tseng, J; Turini, N; Ukegawa, F; Vaiciulis, T; Valls, J; Vejcik, S; Velev, G V; Veramendi, G; Vidal, R; Vila, I; Vilar, R; Volobuev, I P; Von der Mey, M; Vucinic, D; Wagner, R G; Wagner, R L; Wallace, N B; Wan, Z; Wang, C; Wang, M J; Ward, B; Waschke, S; Watanabe, T; Waters, D; Watts, T; Webb, R; Wenzel, H; Wester, W C; Wicklund, A B; Wicklund, E; Wilkes, T; Williams, H H; Wilson, P; Winer, B L; Winn, D; Wolbers, S; Wolinski, D; Wolinski, J; Wolinski, S; Worm, S; Wu, X; Wyss, J; Yao, W; Yeh, G P; Yeh, P; Yoh, J K; Yosef, C; Yoshida, T; Yu, I; Yu, S; Yu, Z; Zanetti, A; Zetti, F; Zucchelli, S

    2002-01-01

    We report a study of the decays B0 -> J/psi K(*)0 pi+ pi-, which involve the creation of a u u-bar or d d-bar quark pair in addition to a b-bar -> c-bar(c s-bar) decay. The data sample consists of 110 1/pb of p p-bar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV collected by the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider during 1992-1995. We measure the branching ratios to be BR(B0 -> J/psi K*0 pi+ pi-) = (8.0 +- 2.2 +- 1.5) * 10^{-4} and BR(B0 -> J/psi K0 pi+ pi-) = (1.1 +- 0.4 +- 0.2) * 10^{-3}. Contributions to these decays are seen from psi(2S) K(*)0, J/psi K0 rho0, J/psi K*+ pi-, and J/psi K1(1270).

  9. A study of w boson decay charge asymmetry using hadronic tau decays in proton - anti-proton collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    E.W Kuns

    2002-10-18

    This dissertation presents a measurement of the tau charge asymmetry in events where the taus are produced by W decays. This charge asymmetry appears as different rapidity distributions for positive and negative taus. Two competing effects generate tau charge asymmetry. The production mechanism for the W gauge boson generates a charge asymmetry which is a function of the ratio of parton distribution functions, d(x)=u(x), measured at x {approx} M{sub W}/{radical}s. This is the dominant effect for tau charge asymmetry at small rapidity. At higher rapidity, however, the competing charge asymmetry from parity violation in W decay to taus becomes dominant. This tau asymmetry measurement is consistent with the Standard Model with a x{sup 2} per degree of freedom equal to 2.5 for 4 degrees of freedom when the asymmetry measurement is folded about y = 0, taking advantage of the CP symmetry of the underlying physics, and 8.9 for 8 degrees of freedom when it is not. This measurement introduces some methods and variables of interest to future analyses using hadronic decay modes of taus. This work was done using the CDF detector in {bar p}p collisions at {radical} = 1.8 TeV at Fermilab's Tevatron accelerator.

  10. Studies on alpha-decay damage of high actinide-doped glasses in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accelerated experiments using the actinide doping technique were performed to investigate the effects of alpha-decay on the properties of nuclear waste glasses at high radiation doses. (1) The microstructural changes of a simulated waste glass irradiated with doping of 238PuO2 (0.96 wt%) and 244CmO2 (1.64 wt%) were observed by use of a pre-shadowed carbon replica technique in combination with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In the glass irradiated at a dose of 1 x 1019 α-decays/g, bubbles with a radius from 0.15μm to 0.35μm were observed. The average bubble radius and its density were 0.23μm and 1 x 1017 bubbles/m3, respectively. The observation of bubbles in the glass annealed after irradiation indicated that the average radius decreased with annealing time. The bubble radius as a function of annealing time was calculated on the basis of the helium diffusion model with two chemical processes, i.e. trapping at bubbles and re-solution from bubbles into glass matrix. The calculated curve was in good agreement with the observed data. (2) A fully radioactive borosilicate waste glass, containing the actual high-level radioactive liquid waste generated from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant of Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC), was prepared by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), and a powder mixture of the ground fully radioactive glass and 244CmO2 (1.0 x 1010 Bq/g-glass, 0.4 wt%) was melted at 1200 deg C for 2 hours. The homogeneity of curium-doped glass samples was confirmed by the density measurement, heat load measurement and alpha autoradiography. The properties of the irradiated samples were investigated by the mass spectrometer for helium determination, the optical microscope, the electron probe micro-analyzer, the densitometer, the Soxhlet and MCC-1 leach testing apparatus. By measuring the amount of helium released from the samples, more than 99% of helium remained in the matrix at room temperature. The density of the

  11. Bacterioplankton Biogeography of the Atlantic Ocean: A Case Study of the Distance-Decay Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milici, Mathias; Tomasch, Jürgen; Wos-Oxley, Melissa L.; Decelle, Johan; Jáuregui, Ruy; Wang, Hui; Deng, Zhi-Luo; Plumeier, Iris; Giebel, Helge-Ansgar; Badewien, Thomas H.; Wurst, Mascha; Pieper, Dietmar H.; Simon, Meinhard; Wagner-Döbler, Irene

    2016-01-01

    In order to determine the influence of geographical distance, depth, and Longhurstian province on bacterial community composition and compare it with the composition of photosynthetic micro-eukaryote communities, 382 samples from a depth-resolved latitudinal transect (51°S–47°N) from the epipelagic zone of the Atlantic ocean were analyzed by Illumina amplicon sequencing. In the upper 100 m of the ocean, community similarity decreased toward the equator for 6000 km, but subsequently increased again, reaching similarity values of 40–60% for samples that were separated by ~12,000 km, resulting in a U-shaped distance-decay curve. We conclude that adaptation to local conditions can override the linear distance-decay relationship in the upper epipelagial of the Atlantic Ocean which is apparently not restrained by barriers to dispersal, since the same taxa were shared between the most distant communities. The six Longhurstian provinces covered by the transect were comprised of distinct microbial communities; ~30% of variation in community composition could be explained by province. Bacterial communities belonging to the deeper layer of the epipelagic zone (140–200 m) lacked a distance-decay relationship altogether and showed little provincialism. Interestingly, those biogeographical patterns were consistently found for bacteria from three different size fractions of the plankton with different taxonomic composition, indicating conserved underlying mechanisms. Analysis of the chloroplast 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that phytoplankton composition was strongly correlated with both free-living and particle associated bacterial community composition (R between 0.51 and 0.62, p < 0.002). The data show that biogeographical patterns commonly found in macroecology do not hold for marine bacterioplankton, most likely because dispersal and evolution occur at drastically different rates in bacteria. PMID:27199923

  12. Shape effects in the vicinity of the Z=82 line: study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{182,184,186}$Hg

    CERN Multimedia

    This proposal is aimed at the study of the $\\beta$-decay of the neutron-­deficient $^{182,184,186}$Hg nuclei using the total absorption technique. Recent theoretical results show that, from measurements of the Gamow-­Teller strength distribution, the shapes of the ground states of the decaying Hg nuclei can be inferred. This study offers an independent way to study the phenomenon of shape coexistence in a region of particular interest.

  13. A Phenomenological Study of Bottom Quark Fragmentation in Top Quark Decay

    OpenAIRE

    Gennaro CorcellaEnrico Fermi Ctr., Rome & SNS, Pisa & INFN, Pisa; Federico Mescia(Barcelona U.)

    2015-01-01

    Top-quark physics is one of the main fields of investigation at the Tevatron accelerator and, ultimately, at the LHC. We perform a phenomenological analysis of ttbar events at hadron colliders, with a focus on observables relying on bottom-quark fragmentation in top-quark decay. In particular, we investigate the B-lepton invariant-mass distribution in the dilepton channel and give an estimate of the contribution of bottom fragmentation to the Monte Carlo uncertainty on the top-quark mass reco...

  14. A phenomenological study of bottom-quark fragmentation in top-quark decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corcella, Gennaro [Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche E. Fermi, Rome (Italy); Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Pisa, Pisa (Italy); Mescia, Federico [Universitat de Barcelona, Departamento d' Estructura i Constituents de la Materia (ECM) and Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Barcelona (Spain)

    2010-01-15

    Top-quark physics is one of the main fields of investigation at the Tevatron accelerator and, ultimately, at the LHC. We perform a phenomenological analysis of t anti t events at hadron colliders, with a focus on observables relying on bottom-quark fragmentation in top-quark decay. In particular, we investigate the B-lepton invariant-mass distribution in the dilepton channel and give an estimate of the contribution of bottom fragmentation to the Monte Carlo uncertainty on the top-quark mass reconstruction. (orig.)

  15. Contributions to the study of heavy and superheavy nuclei stability in alpha-decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alpha-decay is treated in this work on the complete analogy of transfer reactions by means of nuclear shell models with continuous spectrum nucleons. Certain phenomenologically obtained or microscope evaluated data on low energy interactions between alpha-particles and nuclei, when related to nuclear structure data within the unified theory of nuclear reactions, allow of an improved accuracy in determining the alpha-particle wave function as well as of an estimation of alpha-probabilities in good keeping with experimental ones. The problem of alpha lifetimes thus narrows to the resolution of some homogeneous and inhomogeneous differential equations systems including the optic potential and the alpha formfactors. (author)

  16. Nuclear structure of 122Xe studied via high-statistics β+/EC-decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jigmeddorj, B.; Garrett, P. E.; Andreoiu, C.; Ball, G. C.; Bruhn, T.; Cross, D. S.; Garnsworthy, A. B.; Hackman, G.; Hadinia, B.; Moukaddam, M.; Park, J.; Pore, J. L.; Radich, A. J.; Rajabali, M. M.; Rand, E. T.; Rizman, U.; Svensson, C. E.; Voss, P.; Wang, Z. M.; Wood, J. L.; Yates, S. W.

    2016-01-01

    The nuclear structure of 122Xe has been investigated with measurements of the β+/EC decay of 122Cs with the 8 π γ-ray spectrometer at the TRIUMF-ISAC facility. The data collected have enabled the determination of relative B(E2) values of some low-energy transitions, and the in-band transitions of the excited 0+ bands have been observed. As a result, the 2+ rotational band members for the 0+2 and 0+3 states have been firmly identified.

  17. Nuclear orientation study of the decay of 205Bi in gadolinium matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angular distribution of gamma radiation from the decay of 205Bi oriented at low temperatures in gadolinium matrix was investigated. The orientation parameters B2 and B4 were determined. The spin 9/2 could be uniquely assigned to the positive-parity level at 2252.3 keV. No attenuation was observed for the isomeric level at 1013.8 keV. Seven new values of multipole mixing ratios of E2/M1 gamma-transitions in 205Pb were determined, two earlier measured values were confirmed. 8 refs.; 2 figs.; 2 tabs

  18. Decay ring design

    CERN Document Server

    Chancé, A; Bouquerel, E; Hancock, S; Jensen, E

    The study of the neutrino oscillation between its different flavours needs pureand very intense fluxes of high energy, well collimated neutrinos with a welldetermined energy spectrum. A dedicated machine seems to be necessarynowadays to reach the required flux. A new concept based on the β-decayof radioactive ions which were accelerated in an accelerator chain was thenproposed. After ion production, stripping, bunching and acceleration, the unstableions are then stored in a racetrack-shaped superconducting decay ring.Finally, the ions are accumulated in the decay ring until being lost. The incomingbeam is merged to the stored beam by using a specific RF system, whichwill be presented here.We propose here to study some aspects of the decay ring, such as its opticalproperties, its RF system or the management of the losses which occur in thering (mainly by decay or by collimation).

  19. Decayed, missing and filled teeth index and dental anomalies in long-term survivors leukaemic children: a prospective controlled study

    OpenAIRE

    D. Lauritano; Petruzzi, M.; Baldoni, MG

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this prospective controlled study is the comparison between long-term children survived leukaemia and a control group in terms of the decayed, missing or filled permanent teeth (DMFT) and dental anomalies. Study design: Fifty-two long term children survived leukaemia, aged from 8 to 15 years (27 females, 25 males; mean age 11.5 years) were evaluated for the possible effects of the anti-leukaemic therapy on dental development and compared to a control group of 52 healthy ...

  20. Experimental Studies Of An Exotic Decay Mode At The Proton Drip-Line: The Two-Proton Radioactivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two-proton radioactivity is an exotic decay mode for very proton-rich nuclei. It was observed experimentally for the first time in 2002 for the nucleus 45Fe but the two protons could not be directly detected. So a new detector has been developed, a Time Projection Chamber, to individually observe the two protons emitted. It was used successfully during two experiments for the study of 45Fe and 54Zn. Energy correlations have been studied and the relative angle between the two protons is calculated.

  1. Study of CP Violation in Dalitz-Plot Analyses of B-Meson Decays to Three Kaons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindquist, Brian [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    2012-02-01

    The Standard Model (SM) explains CP violation in terms of the CKM matrix. The BABAR experiment was designed mainly to test the CKM model in B decays. B decays that proceed through b → s loop diagrams, of which B {yields} KKK decays are an example, are sensitive to new physics effects that could lead to deviations from the CKM predictions for CP violation. We present studies of CP violation in the decays B+ → K+K-K+, B+ → KS0KS0K+, and B0 → K+K-KS0, using a Dalitz plot amplitude analysis. These studies are based on approximately 470 million B$\\bar{B}$ decays collected by BABAR at the PEP-II collider at SLAC. We perform measurements of time-dependent CP violation in B0 → K+K-KS0, including B0 → ΦKS0. We measure a CP-violating phase βeff (ΦKS0) = 0.36 ± 0.11 ± 0.04 rad., in agreement with the SM. This is the world's most precise measurement of this quantity. We also measure direct CP asymmetries in all three decay modes, including the direct CP asymmetry ACP (ΦK+) = (12.8 ± 4.4 ± 1.3)%, which is 2.8 sigma away from zero. This measurement is in tension with the SM, which predicts an asymmetry of a few percent. We also study the resonant and nonresonant features in the B → KKK Dalitz plots. We find that the hypothetical scalar fX(1500) resonance, introduced by prior analyses to explain an unknown peak in the mKK spectrum, cannot adequately describe the data. We conclude instead that the fX(1500) can be explained as the sum of the f0(1500), f'2(1525), and f0(1710) resonances, removing the need for the hypothetical fX(1500). We also find that an exponential

  2. Study of atmospheric neutrino interactions and search for nucleon decay in Soudan 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contained event samples, including 30 single-track muon-like events, 35 single-shower electron-like events, and 34 multiprong events, have been obtained from a 1.0 kiloton-year exposure of the Soudan 2 detector. A sample of 15 multiprong events which are partially contained has also been isolated. Properties of these events are used to examine the verity of the atmospheric neutrino flavor ratio anomaly as reported by the Kamiokande and IMB-3 water Cherenkov experiments. The compatibility of the Soudan data with each of two 'new physics' explanations for the anomaly, namely proton decay and neutrino oscillations, is investigated. We examine background processes which have not been explicitly treated by the water Cherenkov detectors. Chapters discuss underground non-accelerator particle physics, the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and its interpretation, the Soudan 2 detector and event selection, reconstruction of neutrino events, rock event contamination in Soudan 'quasi-elastic' samples, contained multiprong events in Soudan 2, neutrino flavor composition of the multiprong sample, partially contained events in Soudan 2, nucleon decay in Soudan 2, and a summary and discussion. 12 refs., 124 figs., 28 tabs., 7 appendices

  3. Study of charmonium decays of B mesons in the Babar experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is organized into 4 parts. The first part is dedicated to the Babar experiment that is installed on the e+e- collider at Stanford linear accelerator center. The formalism of the standard model and the CP violation in the B meson system are first introduced, then the Babar experiment is described and its main results are recalled: sin(2β) 0.722 ± 0.040 ± 0.023; α = (103 + 11 - 9) degrees; γ = (52 + 23 - 18) degrees. The author highlights 2 issues in which he was involved: the detector background noise induced by the machine and the beam injection system. The second part deals with DIRC (detector of internally reflected Cherenkov light) that is used for particle identification. The phenomenology of hadron decay of B mesons is described in the third part, the hypothesis of the factorization approximation is challenged. The last part is dedicated to experimental results concerning the measurement of branching ratios, the search for suppressed modes and the determination of decay amplitudes

  4. Level structure studies of 182W from the decay of 182Ta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relative intensities of X rays and γ rays from the decay of 182Ta were measured precisely using Si(Li) and HPGe detectors. The intensities of the different components of K and L X rays were measured for the first time. The conversion electron intensities for the transitions with energy above 800 keV from the 182Ta decay were measured using a mini-orange electron spectrometer and the internal conversion coefficients for various transitions in 182W deduced. The (M+N)-conversion coefficients for the 1001.7, 1189.1, 1231.0, 1257.2, 1289.2, and 1342.7 keV transitions in 182W were measured for the first time. Also, γ-γ coincidence and correlation measurements were carried out using a HPGe-HPGe coincidence setup (2τ = 7 ns). The directional correlation coefficients for the 928-229, 960-229, 1002-229, 1158-229, 1223-229, and 1002, 1113, 1158, 1223, and 1231 keV transitions are deduced from the present directional correlation and conversion coefficient measurements. Experimental ratios of reduced transition probabilities for the transitions in 182W from positive and negative parity states are deduced and compared with the values predicted by the symmetric rotor model. From this comparison a unique K assignment of Kπ = 1+ and Kπ = 1- is made to the bands built on the 1257 and 1553 keV levels, respectively. (Author) 33 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs

  5. A Study of D0 --> K0(S) K0(S) X Decay Channels

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Moore, J E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2004-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS experiment (FNAL-E831), we report on the decay of $D^0$ mesons into final states containing more than one $K^0_S$. We present evidence for two Cabibbo favored decay modes, $D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S K^- \\pi^+$ and $D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S K^+ \\pi^-$, and measure their combined branching fraction relative to $D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-$ to be $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_SK^{\\pm}\\pi^{\\mp})}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0106 $\\pm$ 0.0019 $\\pm$ 0.0010. Further, we report new measurements of $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_SK^0_S)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0179 $\\pm$ 0.0027 $\\pm$ 0.0026, $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0\\bar{K} ^0)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0144 $\\pm$ 0.0032 $\\pm$ 0.0016, and $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S\\pi^+\\pi^-)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0208 $\\pm$ 0.0035 $\\pm$ 0.0021 where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.

  6. Study of atmospheric neutrino interactions and search for nucleon decay in Soudan 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leeson, W.R.

    1995-12-14

    Contained event samples, including 30 single-track muon-like events, 35 single-shower electron-like events, and 34 multiprong events, have been obtained from a 1.0 kiloton-year exposure of the Soudan 2 detector. A sample of 15 multiprong events which are partially contained has also been isolated. Properties of these events are used to examine the verity of the atmospheric neutrino flavor ratio anomaly as reported by the Kamiokande and IMB-3 water Cherenkov experiments. The compatibility of the Soudan data with each of two `new physics` explanations for the anomaly, namely proton decay and neutrino oscillations, is investigated. We examine background processes which have not been explicitly treated by the water Cherenkov detectors. Chapters discuss underground non-accelerator particle physics, the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and its interpretation, the Soudan 2 detector and event selection, reconstruction of neutrino events, rock event contamination in Soudan `quasi-elastic` samples, contained multiprong events in Soudan 2, neutrino flavor composition of the multiprong sample, partially contained events in Soudan 2, nucleon decay in Soudan 2, and a summary and discussion. 12 refs., 124 figs., 28 tabs., 7 appendices.

  7. Study of Exclusive Semileptonic B Meson Decays toTau Leptons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazur, Michael A.; /SLAC /UC, Santa Barbara

    2007-10-15

    We present the results of a search for four exclusive semileptonic decays B {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}} in 209 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the BABAR detector, corresponding to 232 million e+e- {yields} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events. We select events with a D{sup (*)} meson and a light lepton (e or {mu}) recoiling against a fully-reconstructed B meson. We perform a fit to the lepton spectrum and missing mass squared to discriminate signal events from backgrounds, predominantly B {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}}. A control sample of identified D**{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}} events is included in the fit to estimate the background contribution from these decays. We measure {beta}(B {yields} D{sub {tau}{nu}}) = (0.86{+-}0.24{+-}0.11{+-}0.06)% and {beta}(B {yields} D*{sub {tau}{nu}}) = (1.62{+-}0.31{+-}0.10{+-}0.05)%, where the errors are statistical, systematic, and normalization-mode related, respectively, and where the results are expressed for the {bar B}{sup 0} lifetime.

  8. Study of the inner Bremsstrahlung following the electron-capture decay of {sup 193} Pt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chavez, J.Y.Z.; Cruz, M.T.F. da; Martins, M.N.; Santos, R.T. dos [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica; Zamboni, C.B.; Hamada, M.M.; Camargo, S.P. de; Medeiros, J.A.G. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hindi, M.M. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1997-12-31

    We are measuring the inner Bremsstrahlung (I B) photons emitted in some of the electron-capture decays of {sup 193} Pt. The source was prepared with highly pure metal Pt. It was irradiated with neutron for 52 days and let to cool down for eight months. The remaining activities were due to {sup 193} Pt{sup g} (half-life 50 yr) and {sup 192} Ir (half-life 74 d), the latter coming from (n, {gamma}) reactions on a small content of Ir. We have used a radiochemistry method to reduce the Ir content of the source. The resulting Pt compound will be dissolved in a plastic scintillator disk. Most of the {sup 192} Ir decays are {beta}{sup -} and their signal in the plastic will be used as a veto for the I B-photon detector. We have performed simulations of the efficiency and absorption effects in the detection geometry. (author) 6 refs., 1 fig.; juan at if.usp.br; czamboni at net.ipen.br; hindi at hindi.physics.tntech.edu

  9. Semileptonic $B \\to D^{**}$ decays in Lattice QCD : a feasibility study and first results

    CERN Document Server

    Atoui, M; Morénas, V; Pène, O; Petrov, K

    2013-01-01

    We compute the decays $B \\to D^*_0$ and $B \\to D^*_2$ with finite masses for the $b$ and $c$ quarks. We first discuss the spectral properties of both the $B$ meson as a function of its momentum and of the $D^*_0$ and $D^*_2$ at rest. We compute the theoretical formulae leading to the decay amplitudes from the three-point and two-point correlators. We then compute the amplitudes at zero recoil of $B \\to D^*_0$ which turn out not to be vanishing contrary to what happens in the heavy quark limit. This opens a possibility to get a better agreement with experiment, although our extrapolation to the continuum and the physical $B$ mass has more than 100% uncertainty. The $B \\to D^*_2$ vanishes at zero recoil and we show a statistically significant signal which is in a range between 1 to 10 times the heavy quark limit prediction. The improvement of these preliminary results will come mainly from adding a smaller lattice spacing to our sample.

  10. A study of the α0(980) meson in radiative J/ψ decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the decay sequence J/ψ → γX,X → a0±(980)πminus-plus, a0±(980) → ηπ±, where X is the f1(1285) or η(1400), the ηπ+ vs ηπ- Dalitz plot intensity distributions are fitted with a model containing a coupled-channel parametrization of the a0(980). Preliminary values for the spin of X, the mass and width of the a0±(980) to ηπ±, and the ratio of a0+(980) coupling strengths, gK2/gη2, to bar K0K+ and ηπ+ are determined. From this model, the predictions for the ratios of branching ratios rX = B(X → a0(980)π)·B(a0(980) → K bar K)/B(X → a0±(980)π)·B(a0±(980) → ηπ±) are compared with those obtained from MARK III Partial Waves analyses of the decays J/ψ → γKs0K±πminus-plus and J/ψ → γηπ+π-. 12 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs

  11. The PERC spectrometer for the study of the neutron beta decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The precise investigation of the weak interaction in free neutron decay allows to intensively test the Standard Modell and find physics beyond. In this work, the magnet system of the bright and clean proton- and electron source PERC (Proton-Electron-Radiation-Channel) was developed. It will be installed in 2016 at the research reactor FRM II. Due to improvements in systematics and statistics in comparison to its predecessor PERKEO III, observables of free neutron decay can be determined with the worldwide best precision of 10-4. In this thesis, the technical and physical properties of the magnet system will be discussed. As a major part of this work, an efficient geometry for a back-scatter detector was developed. Undetected back-scatter events for electrons would disturb the spectra in the order of 10-3 for a plastic scintillator. Here, the geometry will be introduced and back-scatter events will be analyzed by simulations. For the experimental part of the present work, titanium sublimation pumps and ion getter pumps were constructed and tested. As components of the over 12 m long ultra-high vacuum system of PERC they can effectively reduce the pressure to the order of 10-9 mbar over the complete length. Therefore collisions of electrons and protons with gas particles will be strongly suppressed.

  12. Study of Pure Annihilation Decays B_{d,s} \\to D^{0} \\bar D^{0}

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ying

    2007-01-01

    With heavy quark limit and hierarchy approximation $\\lambda_{QCD}\\ll m_D\\ll m_B$, we analyze the $B\\to D^0\\bar D^0$ and $B_s\\to D^0\\bar D^0$ decays, which occur purely via annihilation type diagrams. As a roughly estimation, we calculate their branching ratios and CP asymmetries in Perturbative QCD approach. The branching ratio of $B\\to D^0\\bar D^0$ is about $3.8\\times10^{-5}$ that is just below the latest experimental upper limit. The branching ratio of $B_s\\to D^0\\bar D^0$ is about $6.8\\times10^{-4}$, which could be measured in LHC-b. From the calculation, it could be found that this branching ratio is not sensitive to the weak phase angle $\\gamma$. In these two decay modes, there exist CP asymmetries because of interference between weak and strong interaction. However, these asymmetries are too small to be measured easily.

  13. Studies on the D*± production in Z0 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The production of D*± mesons in e+e- collisions at energies around the Z0 pole has been investigated with the OPAL detector at LEP. 115 D* mesons have been found in the decay channel D* → D0π → (Kπ)π from about 150 000 multihadronic events, using the small mass difference between D* and D0. The cuts, the detection efficiency and different methods for background determination are shown. The D* energy distribution is determined. D* mesons are produced predominantly in the fragmentation of charm and bottom quarks. The contribution from b quarks is derived from measurements at LEP and at lower energies, and from Monte Carlo calculations. An average energy fraction of the D* mesons from primary charm quarks, c→D*> = 0.52 ± 0.03, and the Peterson fragmentation parameter εc = 0.038 ± 0.014 are found. The partial width of the decay Z0 into canti c is determined to be Γsub(Z0→canti c) = (323 ± 70) MeV. (orig.)

  14. Semileptonic B→D∗∗ decays in lattice QCD: a feasability study and first results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compute the decays B→D0∗ and B→D2∗ with finite masses for the b and c quarks. We first discuss the spectral properties of both the B meson as a function of its momentum and the D0∗ and D2∗ at rest. We compute the theoretical formulae leading to the decay amplitudes from the three-point and two-point correlators. We then compute the amplitudes at zero recoil of B→D0∗, which turns out not to be vanishing contrary to what happens in the heavy quark limit. This opens the possibility to get better agreement with experiment. To improve the continuum limit we have added a set of data with smaller lattice spacing. The B→D2∗ vanishes at zero recoil and we show a convincing signal but only slightly more than 1 sigma from 0. In order to reach quantitatively significant results we plan to exploit fully smaller lattice spacings as well as another lattice regularisation

  15. A computational study of the near-field generation and decay of wingtip vortices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The numerical prediction of the downstream trailing vortex shed from an aircraft wingtip is a particularly challenging CFD task because, besides predicting the development of the strong vortex itself, one needs to compute accurately the flow over the wing to resolve the boundary layer roll-up and shedding which provide the initial conditions for the free vortex. Computations are here reported of the flow over a NACA 0012 half-wing with rounded wing tip and the near-field wake as measured by [Chow, J.S., Zilliac, G., Bradshaw, P., 1997. Turbulence measurements in the near-field of a wingtip vortex. NASA Tech Mem 110418, NASA.]. The aim is to assess the performance of two turbulence models which, in principle, might be seen as capable of resolving both the three dimensional boundary layer on the wing and the generation and near-field decay of the strongly accelerated vortex that develops from the wingtip. Results using linear and non-linear eddy-viscosity models are presented, but these both exhibit a far too rapid decay of the vortex core. Only a stress-transport (or second-moment) model that satisfies the 'two-component limit', [Lumley, J.L., 1978. Computational modelling of turbulent flows. Adv. Appl. Mech. 18, 123-176.], reproduces the principal features found in the experimental measurements

  16. Aspects of B decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faller, Sven

    2011-03-04

    B-meson decays are a good probe for testing the flavour sector of the standard model of particle physics. The standard model describes at present all experimental data satisfactorily, although some ''tensions'' exist, i.e. two to three sigma deviations from the predictions, in particular in B decays. The arguments against the standard model are thus purely theoretical. These tensions between experimental data and theoretical predictions provide an extension of the standard model by new physics contributions. Within the flavour sector main theoretical uncertainties are related to the hadronic matrix elements. For exclusive semileptonic anti B {yields} D{sup (*)}l anti {nu} decays QCD sum rule techniques, which are suitable for studying hadronic matrix elements, however, with substantial, but estimable hadronic uncertainties, are used. The exploration of new physics effects in B-meson decays is done in an twofold way. In exclusive semileptonic anti B {yields} D{sup (*)}l anti {nu} decays the effect of additional right-handed vector as well as left- and right-handed scalar and tensor hadronic current structures in the decay rates and the form factors are studied at the non-recoil point. As a second approach one studied the non-leptonic B{sup 0}{sub s}{yields}J/{psi}{phi} and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}K{sub S,L} decays discussing CP violating effects in the time-dependent decay amplitudes by considering new physics phase in the B{sup 0}- anti B{sup 0} mixing phase. (orig.)

  17. Development of workflow planning software and a tracking study of the decay B+- --> J / Psi at the D0 Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evans, David Edward

    2003-09-01

    A description of the development of the mc{_}runjob software package used to manage large scale computing tasks for the D0 Experiment at Fermilab is presented, along with a review of the Digital Front End Trigger electronics and the software used to control them. A tracking study is performed on detector data to determine that the D0 Experiment can detect charged B mesons, and that these results are in accordance with current results. B mesons are found by searching for the decay channel B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}}.

  18. B decays to open charm

    CERN Document Server

    Haines, Susan Carol

    2016-01-01

    Studies of $B$ meson decays to states involving open charm mesons in data recorded by the LHCb experiment have resulted in first observations of several new decay modes, including $B_s^{0} \\rightarrow D_s^{*\\mp} K^{\\pm}$, $B_s^{0} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^{0} K_S^{0}$ and $B^{+} \\rightarrow D^{+} K^{+} \\pi^{-}$ decays. An upper limit has been placed on the branching fraction of $B_s^{0} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^{0} f_0(980)$ decays. Measurements of other branching fractions, such as those of $B_s^{0} \\rightarrow D_s^{(*)+} D_s^{(*)-}$ decays, are the most precise to date. Additionally, amplitude analyses of $B^{0} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^{0} \\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ and $B^{0} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^{0} K^{+} \\pi^{-}$ decays have been performed, alongside the first $CP$ violation analysis using the Dalitz plot of $B^{0} \\rightarrow D K^{+} \\pi^{-}$ decays.

  19. Alpha-gamma pulse-shape discrimination in Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG):Ce3+ crystal scintillator using shape indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamagawa, Yoichi; Inukai, Yuji; Ogawa, Izumi; Kobayashi, Masaaki

    2015-09-01

    The pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) in a GAGG single-crystal scintillator was studied by using a shape indicator (SI) parameter of the optimal digital filter method. SI is one of the most useful PSD methods that use typical pulse shapes. Excellent discrimination between 0.662 MeV γ-rays and 5.48 MeV α-rays was achieved. For a cut at SI=0.0056, 99.95% of the γ-rays and only 0.22% of the α-rays were retained. Selection of background events (γ and α) in the GAGG scintillator was achieved by using the PSD method.

  20. Fuel cycle related parametric study considering long lived actinide production, decay heat and fuel cycle performances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the very attractive HTGR reactor characteristics is its highly versatile and flexible core that can fulfil a wide range of diverse fuel cycles. Based on a GTMHR-600 MWth reactor, analyses of several fuel cycles were carried out without taking into account common fuel particle performance limits (burnup, fast fluence, temperature). These values are, however, indicated in each case. Fuel derived from uranium, thorium and a wide variety of plutonium grades has been considered. Long-lived actinide production and total residual decay heat were evaluated for the various types of fuel. The results presented in this papers provide a comparison of the potential and limits of each fuel cycle and allow to define specific cycles offering lowest actinide production and residual heat associated with a long life cycle. (author)

  1. A study of angular correlations in 4-jet final states of hadronic Z sup 0 decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akrawy, M.Z.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P.P.; Anderson, K.J.; Armitage, J.C.; Arnison, G.T.J.; Ashton, P.; Azuelos, G.; Baines, J.T.; Ball, A.H.; Banks, J.; Barker, G.J.; Barlow, R.J.; Batley, J.R.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K.W.; Bella, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I.J.; Bock, P.; Breuker, H.; Brown, R.M.; Brun, R.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H.J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, D.G.; Chrin, J.T.; Clarke, P.E.; Cohen, I.; Collins, W.J.; Conboy, J.E.; Couch, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G.M.; Debu, P.; Deninno, M.M.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M.S.; Duchovni, E.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Dumas, D.J.; El Mamouni, H.; Elcombe, P.A.; Estabrooks, P.G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Farthouat, P.; Fischer, H.M.; Fong, D.G.; French, M.T.; Fukunaga, C.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J.W.; Gascon, J.; Geddes, N.I.; Gee, C.N.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S.W.; Gentit, F.X.; Giacomelli, G.; Gibson; OPAL Collaboration

    1991-01-01

    Four-jet final states of hadronic Z{sup 0} decays, observed in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation around 91 GeV centre of mass energy, are analysed in terms of observables that are sensitive to the non-abelian gauge structure of QCD. After correction for detector resolution and fragmentation effects, the data are compared to QCD and also to predictions of the Abelian vector gluon gauge theory. The theoretical expectations are calculated in both second order and leading logarithmic approximation of perturbation theory. The data are compatible with QCD but cannot be described by the predictions of the Abelian vector gluon models. From the measured topological distributions, upper limits for the relative production rates of qanti qqanti q final states are derived. (orig.).

  2. New method to study the photon strength function using the beta-decay of unstable nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddick, Sean

    2015-10-01

    The photon strength function is a fundamental property of the atomic nucleus that can be linked with many different areas of nuclear science. In particular, a knowledge of the photon strength function can be applied in statistical-model reaction calculations to constrain neutron capture rates useful for nuclear astrophysics and other applications. A new method has been developed which takes advantage of beta-decay to populate high-energy states in a daughter nucleus. This preparation is combined with a total absorption spectrometer to record the subsequent gamma-ray cascade and the overall technique is the so-called beta-Oslo method. The technique is applicable to very low production rates (~1 pps) and, thus, can be used to look at trends across a wide range of neutron and proton numbers. A description of the technique, and preliminary results on neutron-rich nuclei near Z = 28 and N = 40 will be presented.

  3. What we have learned from direct CP violation studies in kaon decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A self-consistent analysis of K → 2π and K → 3π decays within a unique framework of chiral dynamics applied to the QCD-corrected weak nonleptonic quark Lagrangian has been performed. The results on K → 2π amplitudes at O(p6), including the value for ε'/ε, are compared with experiment to fix phenomenological B-factors for mesonic matrix elements of nonpenguin and penguin four-quark operators. The dependence of these B-factors on different theoretical uncertainties and experimental errors of various input parameters is investigated. Finally, we present our estimates at O(p6) for the CP asymmetry of linear slope parameters in the K± → 3π Dalitz plot. (author)

  4. Study of $\\psi(2S)$ decays into $\\gamma K^+K^-$ and $\\gamma \\pi^+\\pi^-$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Bai, J Z; Ban, Y; Cai, X; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, H X; Chen, J C; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y B; Chu, Y P; Dai, Y S; Diao, L Y; Deng, Z Y; Dong, Q F; Du, S X; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fu, C D; Gao, C S; Gao, Y N; Gu, S D; Gu, Y T; Guo, Y N; Guo, Z J; Harris, F A; LHe, K; He, M; Heng, Y K; Hou, J; Hu, H M; Hu, J H; Hu, T; Huang, X T; Ji, X B; Jiang, X S; Jiang, X Y; Jiao, J B; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Lai, Y F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J; Li, R Y; Li, S M; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Liang, Y F; Liao, H B; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F; Liu, Fang; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J B; Liu, J P; Liu, Jian; Liu, Q; Liu, R G; Liu, Z A; Lou, Y C; Lu, F; Lu, G R; Lu, J G; Lundborg, A; Luo, C L; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Mao, Z P; Mo, X H; Nie, J; Olsen, S L; Ping, R G; Qi, N D; Qin, H; Qiu, J F; Ren, Z Y; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Shan, L Y; Shang, L; Shen, C P; Shen, D L; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Sun, H S; Sun, S S; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Tang, X; Tong, G L; Varner, G S; Wang, D Y; Wang, L; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z Y; Wang, Zheng; Wei, C L; Wei, D H; Weng, Y; Wiedner, U; Wu, N; Xia, X M; Xie, X X; Xu, G F; Xu, X P; Xu, Y; Yan, M L; Yang, H X; Yang, Y X; Ye, M H; Ye, Y X; Yu, G W; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zhang, S L; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H Q; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Yiyun; Zhang, Z X; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, D X; Zhao, W J; Zhao, M G; Zhao, P P; Zhao, W R; Zhao, Z G; Zheng, H Q; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Z P; Zhou, L; Zhu, K J; Zhu, Q M; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, B A; Zhuang, X A; Zou, B S

    2007-01-01

    Radiative charmonium decays from the BESII sample of 14$\\times10^{6}$ $\\psi(2S)$-events into two different final states, $\\gamma K^+K^-$ and $\\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$, are analyzed. Product branching fractions for $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma X\\to \\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $\\gamma K^+K^-$ are given, where $X=f_2(1270)$, $f_0(1500)$, and $f_0(1710)$ in $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $f_2(1270)$, $f_2'(1525)$, and $f_0(1700)$ in $K^+K^-$. An angular analysis gives the ratios of the helicity projections for the $f_2(1270)$ in $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma f_2(1270)\\to\\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$.

  5. Experimental studies on natural circulation decay heat removal in Japan Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fully natural circulation system is adopted in a decay heat removal system (DHRS) of the designs of Japan Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR). Several investigations of experiments and simulation methods on this DHRS were performed. Water experiments were carried out for the primary heat transportation system including a reactor vessel and heat exchangers of DHRS using a 1/10 model. As for the DHRS loop, sodium experiments were carried out, especially for a heat exchanger installed in an Intermediate Heat Exchanger (IHX). Here, several results of the sodium experiments were described. Transient characteristics during the start up in the air system of the air cooler, secondary loop of DHRS, and the primary loop were examined by the sodium experiments. Smooth increases of natural circulation flow rates in all systems of air and sodium were confirmed. Verifications of numerical simulation methods are planned based on the water and sodium experiments in this investigation plan. (author)

  6. Measurement of CP Violation Phase in B0s Mixing from (Pseudo)Scalar-Vector Decays in LHCb Experiment. Expected Results from Monte Carlo Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CP symmetry violation in B0s-B0s(bar) mixing can be measured in B0s decays to vector-(pseudo)scalar final state. Example of such decay is the B0s → χc0φ which has never been observed so far. The CP symmetry breaking phase of B0s-B0s(bar) mixing, βs, can be directly extracted from the CP asymmetry observable since the final state is the CP eigenstate. This measurement can complement the one coming from the analysis of the B0s → J/ψφ decay. B0s → J/ψφ decay is expected to provide the best sensitivity for the βs but the angular distribution analysis is needed to disentangle the admixture of different CP eigenstates of the vector-vector final state. In this paper the CP violation in B0s mesons decays is briefly introduced, the status of current state of βs measurement is presented and finally the analysis of the B0s → χc0φ, as a case study of B0s decay to vector-(pseudo)scalar decay in LHCb experiment, is described. (author)

  7. Using pixel and object based IKONOS image analysis for studying decay in silver fir stands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionuț Barnoaiea

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The problem of old silver fir stands decay has appeared in the last decades of the last century with symptoms such as defoliation, wood decay and parasites attacks. The problems in monitoring this phenomenon is that the defoliation and mistletoe attack appear on the crown top, triggering the coronation process - tree develop branches on their lower stem part in order to resist to the defoliation. This reaction makes the attack difficult to notice on aerial or satellite images, due to the reflection of light on the lower branches. The objective of the article is to find a research methodology for identifying and even mapping the mistletoe attack phenomenon at a tree or stand level. For a tree-level analysis, a comparison between the data obtained in a 1 ha sample plot and the data extracted from an IKONOS satellite image has been used. The simple spectral response is less correlated at tree level with the defoliation and mistletoe attacks. We found a very significant correlation in the infrared channel but with low correlation coefficients. Better results have been obtained in a stand-level analysis. In order to improve the separability, the methodology for extracting the remote sensing data did not resume only to the mean spectral response, but we also performed a variability and texture analysis. The obtained correlation coefficients were around 0.7, very significant for the data used in the research. The results obtained with the texture analysis are also related to the biometric characteristics of the stands, mistletoe attacks occurring in stands with a low canopy closure index and is usually accompanied by distorted crowns. The model of forest health analysis should also be tested in similar conditions in order to validate and apply on a large scale inventory.

  8. Using pixel and object based IKONOS image analysis for studying decay in silver fir stands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionut Barnoaiea

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The problem of old silver fir stands decay has appeared in the lastdecades of the last century with symptoms such as defoliation, wood decay and parasites attacks. The problems in monitoring this phenomenon is that the defoliation and mistletoe attack appear on the crown top, triggering the coronation process - tree develop branches on their lower stem part in order to resist to the defoliation. Thisreaction makes the attack difficult to notice on aerial or satellite images, due to the reflection of light on the lower branches. The objective of the article is to find a research methodology for identifying and even mapping the mistletoe attack phenomenonat a tree or stand level. For a tree-level analysis, a comparison between the data obtained in a 1 ha sample plot and the data extracted from an IKONOS satellite image has been used. The simple spectral response is less correlated at tree level with the defoliation and mistletoe attacks. We found a very significant correlation in the infrared channel but with low correlation coefficients. Better results have been obtained in a stand-level analysis. In order to improve the separability, the methodologyfor extracting the remote sensing data did not resume only to the mean spectral response, but we also performed a variability and texture analysis. The obtained correlation coefficients were around 0.7, very significant for the data used in the research. The results obtained with the texture analysis are also related to the biometriccharacteristics of the stands, mistletoe attacks occurring in stands with a low canopy closure index and is usually accompanied by distorted crowns. The model of forest health analysis should also be tested in similar conditions in order to validate and apply on a large scale inventory.

  9. Application of a submillimeter laser as an interferometer for studying a decaying plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper reports on the use of a submillimeter HCN laser as an interferometer for the investigation of a decaying plasma. The HCN laser operates with a methane-air mixture in the regime of continuous generation (lambda = 377 mcm, radiation power approximately 30 mW). The laser radiation has been detected by a detector on the base of point contact of metal - InSb at T = 300 t K. A three-mirror interferometer has been used to measure electron density in the range of 1013 to 1016 cm-3 and to investigate the time dependence of plasma density of an electrodeless induction discharge. Oscillograms are given of discharge current and interference signal at a discharge initial pressure p = 4x10-2 mm Hg and Usub(ch) = 15 kV, the period is 9 mks. It should be noted that there is no interference at the acive stage of the discharge and that the interference amplitude damps completely at the initial stage of a plasma decay. The lower limit is 1013 cm-3, that is in a good agreement with microwave measurements of electron density at a wavelength of lambda = 8.2 mm. The maximum density is limited by the value of 6x1014 cm-3. Taking into account the results obtained in measuring the density and temperature of plasma electrons at the discharge active stage (Nsub(e) approximately equal to 9x1015 cm-3, Tsub(e) = 1.5-2.105 K), the authors come to the conclusion that the strong attenuation of submillimetre radiation in plasma which causes disappearing interference is due in the main to the Coulomb absorption. It has been shown that the interferometer may be used to determine the frequency of electron-ion collisions and the plasma temperature in the range of 103 to 105 K

  10. Beta decay and magnetic moments as tools to probe nuclear structure. Study of neutron-rich nuclei around N=40

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evolution of nuclear structure in nuclei far from the β stability line is one of the 'hot topics' in modern experimental and theoretical nuclear physics. The present thesis is devoted to the study of structure of neutron-rich nuclei around N=40. The evolution of the neutron g9/2 orbital with increasing number of neutrons is one of the key points defining the structure of these nuclei at low excitation energy. We used for this investigation as experimental tools the magnetic dipole moments measurements and the β decay spectroscopy. For the measurement of the gyromagnetic factor of the 9/2+ isomeric state in Fe61 we have applied the TDPAD method. This method (like most of measurements of nuclear moments) requires an oriented ensemble of nuclei. The orientation of Fe61m was achieved via the fragmentation of Ni64 at 55 MeV/u and the selection of the fragment momentum with the LISE spectrometer at GANIL. The experimental device was specially conceived to preserve the alignment up to the implantation point. The measured value of the g factor was compared with large-scale shell model and Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model predictions. The nuclei studied via β decay were produced by the fragmentation of Kr86 at 58 MeV/u. For the selection of reaction products we used for the first time the LISE2000 spectrometer and for the detection of γ rays four EXOGAM clover detectors. We measured 5 new lifetimes and 4 lifetimes with a higher precision. From the prompt βγ coincidences we identified new states in the daughter nuclei, as it is the case of the first 2+ excited states in Fe68 and Ni72. The results were compared with the predictions of the large-scale shell model. Other transitions were observed for the first time in βγ decay of Ti60, Fe70 and Co71,73. (author)

  11. Decay studies of nuclei near the proton drip line: 35Ca, 31Ar, 69Br, 65As

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies of new beta-delayed two-proton emitters and a search for ground state proton radioactivity in medium mass nuclei were performed using various experimental techniques in conjunction with several detection systems. A helium-jet transport system and three-element silicon telescopes were used to discover the existence and detect the decay of the first TZ = -5/2 nuclide, 35Ca. Two-proton emission from the T = 5/2 isobaric analog state in 35K at an excitation energy of 9.053 ± 0.045 MeV, fed by the superallowed beta decay of 35Ca, resulted in transitions to both the ground state and first excited state of 33Cl. The corresponding two-proton sum energies were 4.089 ± 0.030 MeV and 3.287 ± 0.030 MeV. Measurements of the individual proton energies indicated the prevalence of a sequential decay mechanism. Using the isobaric multiplet mass equation, the mass excess of 35Ca was calculated to be 4.453 ± 0.060 MeV. In order to study whose half-lives were too short for the helium-jet system, an in-beam recoil catcher wheel was constructed. The wheel speed can be varied to study nuclides whose half-lives range from 100 μs to ∼250 ms. The first new decay observed with the wheel system and traditional ΔE-E telescopes was the beta-delayed two-proton emission from 31Ar. The two-proton sum energy of ∼7.5 MeV corresponds to a transition from the isobaric analog state in 31Cl to the ground state of 29P. The search for proton radioactivity required the development of low energy, particle identification detector telescopes. These telescopes, comprised of a gas ΔE and silicon E, were used in conjunction with the in-beam recoil catcher wheel to search for ground state proton emission from 69Br and 65As. 90 refs., 24 figs., 8 tabs

  12. Study of {sup 193}Os beta{sup -} decay; Estudo do decaimento beta{sup -} do {sup 193}Os

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zahn, Guilherme Soares

    2006-07-01

    In this work, the excited levels of {sup 193}Ir populated by the beta{sup -} decay of {sup 193}Os (T{sub 1/2} {approx} 30h) were investigated. For that purpose, {approx} 5 mg samples of 99%-enriched {sup 192}Os were irradiated under a thermal neutron flux of {approx} 10{sup 12} s{sup -1} and then analysed both using single gamma spectroscopy and a 4-detector multi parametric acquisition facility, which provided data for both a gamma gamma coincidence analysis and a directional angular correlation gamma gamma ({theta} ) study. From these data, 28 transitions were added to this decay scheme, 11 of which were previously known from nuclear reactions and 17 observed for the first time. Eight excited levels were also added to the decay scheme, 3 of which were known from nuclear reaction studies - the remaining 5 are suggested for the first time. Moreover, it was possible to confirm suspicions found in reference that the levels at 848.93 keV and 849.093 keV are indeed the same; it was also possible to confirm the existence of an excited level at 806.9 keV, which had been inferred, but not experimentally confirmed in beta decay studies to date. The angular correlation analysis allowed for the definition of the spin of the excited level at 874 keV as 5/2{sup +;} moreover, the results showed a 79% probability that the spin of the 1078 keV level is 5/2/'-, and also restricted the spin possibilities for the new excited level at 960 keV to two values (1/2 or 3/2). It was also possible to measure the multipolarity mixing ratio ({delta}{sub Ln+1}/L{sub n}) for 43 transitions - 19 of them for the first time and most of the others with a better precision than previously known. Finally, an attempt was made to understand the low-lying levels structure for this nucleus using a theoretical model, which reproduced the ground state and the two lowest-lying excited levels in {sup 193}Ir. (author)

  13. In situ ultrahigh vacuum transmission electron microscopy study of quasi-one-dimensional island decay on isotropic Ge(001) surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhi-Peng; Tok, Eng Soon; Foo, Yong Lim

    2010-10-01

    In situ ultrahigh vacuum transmission electron microscopy was employed to observe the dynamics of both the coalescence and decay of two-dimensional Fe13Ge8 islands on an atomically smooth Ge(001) surface. Quasi-one-dimensional (1D) island decay behavior was observed on the isotropic Ge(001) surface where annealing caused the islands to shrink significantly faster in one direction. The shrinkage in the perpendicular direction was minimal in comparison. This is contrary to Ostwald ripening for isotropic surfaces, as well as for the quasi-1D island decay model for anisotropic surfaces. During annealing, this island decay behavior occurred by the attachment/detachment limiting mechanism, which is based on an analysis of adatom concentration differences. Therefore, this quasi-1D island decay process is driven by adatom concentration differences between coalescing and decaying islands. Island decay occurs along the large diffusive flux channel between islands and is affected by the local environment.

  14. Bs0 → Ds-α1+ (Ds- → φπ-, Ds- → K*0K-)-decay channel in the ATLAS Bs0-mixing studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is shown, using a track-level simulation, that the use of the Ds- → K*0K- - decay channel for Ds- reconstruction, in addition with the previously studied Ds- → φπ- mode, enables two fold gain in the ATLAS Bs0-mixing signal statistics through Bs0 → Ds-α1 Bs0-decay channel. A new modification of the amplitude fit method is suggested for the xs-determination

  15. D0-D-bar0 mixing studies with the decays D0→KS0K±π±

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We demonstrate how a time-dependent analysis of the decays D0→KS0K±π± can be used to determine the D0-D-bar0 mixing parameter y with a precision that is competitive with established methods. The proposed analysis is an inclusive study which makes use of the measurements of the coherence factor and mean strong phase difference for these decays recently performed by CLEO.

  16. Study of Rare B-Meson Decays Related to the CPObservable sin(2beta+gamma) at the BABAR Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orimoto, Toyoko Jennifer

    2007-08-21

    This study reports the observation of the decays B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)+}{sub S}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)-}K{sup +} in a sample of 230 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring, located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The branching fractions {beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +}{sub S}{pi}{sup -}) = (1.3 {+-} 0.3 (stat) {+-} 0.2 (syst)) x 10{sup -5}, {beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +}{sub S}K{sup +}) = (2.5 {+-} 0.4 (stat) {+-} 0.4 (syst)) x 10{sup -5}, {beta}(B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)+}{sub S}{pi}{sup -}) = (2.8 {+-} 0.6 (stat) {+-} 0.5 (syst)) x 10{sup -5}, and {beta}(B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)-}K{sup +}) = (2.0 {+-} 0.5 (stat) {+-} 0.4 (syst)) x 10{sup -5} are measured. The significance of the measurements to differ from zero are 5, 9, 6, and 5 standard deviations, respectively. This is a first observation of the decaysB{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)+}{sub S}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)-}K{sup +}. These results may potentially be useful in determining the CP asymmetry parameter sin(2{beta} + {gamma}) in the decays B{sup 0}{yields}D{sup (*)+}{sub S}{pi}{sup -}.

  17. Experimental and analytical study of loss-of-flow transients in EBR-II occurring at decay power levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of eight loss-of-flow (LOF) tests have been conducted in EBR-II to study the transition between forced and natural convective flows following a variety of loss-of-primary-pumping power conditions from decay heat levels. Comparisons of measurements and pretest/posttest predictions were made on a selected test. Good agreements between measurements and predictions was found prior to and just after the flow reaching its minimum, but the agreement is not as good after that point. The temperatures are consistent with the flow response and the assumed decay power. The measured results indicate that the flows of driver and the instrumented subassemblies are too much in the analytical model in the natural convective region. Although a parametric study on secondary flow, turbulent-laminar flow transition, heat transfer ability of the intermediate heat exchange at low flow and flow mixing in the primary tank has been performed to determine their effects on the flow, the cause of the discrepancy at very low flow level is still unknown

  18. A study of CP violation in B meson decays. Technical design report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The progress in BELLE collaboration is mentioned. The primary goal of the BELLE experiment is to perform the definitive tests of the Kobayashi Masukawa model prediction for CP violations in the decay of B mesons. The requirements for and the design of the BELLE detector are explained. The BELLE group is an international collaboration consisting of about 150 researchers of 40 institutions in 7 countries. As for the interaction region, beam crossing angle, beamline magnets near the interaction region, beam crossing angle, beamline magnets near the interaction points, beam pipe and beam background such as synchrotron radiation and particle background are described. As for the vertex detector, the configuration of a silicon vertex detector, the design of the silicon sensors, the detector unit design, support structures, environmental control and monitoring system, the SVD data acquisition system, readout electronics, the DAQ software, trigger signal generation and research and development works and prospect are described. As for charged particle tracking, the baseline design of central tracker, beam test results, track reconstruction and simulation and CDC trigger are described. Particle identification, electromagnetic calorimetry, K sub (L) and muon detection, detector solenoid and iron structure, trigger, data acquisition, offline computation, and schedule, installation and cost are described. (K.I.)

  19. Neutron capture cross-section studies of Tellurium isotopes for neutrinoless double beta decay applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhike, Megha; Tornow, Werner

    2014-09-01

    The CUORE detector at Gran Sasso, aimed at searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, employs an array of TeO2 bolometer modules. To understand and identify the contribution of muon and (α,n) induced neutrons to the CUORE background, fast neutron cature cross-section data of the tellurium isotopes 126Te, 128Te and 130Te have been measured with the activation method at eight different energies in the neutron energy range 0.5-7.5 MeV. Plastic pill boxes of diameter 1.6 cm and width 1 cm containing Te were irradiated with mono-energetic neutrons produced via the 3H(p,n)3He and 2H(d,n)3He reactions. The cross-sections were determined relative to the 197Au(n, γ)198Au and 115In(n,n')115m In standard cross sections. The activities of the products were measured using 60% lead-shielded HPGe detectors at TUNL's low background counting facility. The present results are compared with the evaluated data from TENDL-2012, ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.2 and JENDL-4.0, as well as with literature data.

  20. Decay and snapback studies on the LHC dipole model magnets - a scaling law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to reach the nominal LHC luminosity of 10(34) cm(-2) s(4) the field quality during particle injection and the initial acceleration must be accurately controlled. As is well known, high field superconducting magnets have a rich spectrum of non-linear, dynamic field imperfections. In particular two effects have a vital importance for beam stability, namely field drift, 'decay' at injection as well as to 'snapback' during the first few seconds of acceleration. From previous experience in Tevatron and HERA, these effects are known to depend on powering history. Because of this we measured the dependence of dynamic effects on operation cycle variations in seventeen one-meter-long model magnets as well as in two ten-meter-long magnets. We statistically analyzed the field components. Based on these results we present two models, which are focused on prediction of sextupole snapback dependence on the operation cycle history. The first model is based on analogy to charging and discharging of an RL circuit during the magnet powering sequences. The second model is given by a multi-layer perception (artificial neural network), which we trained to predict snapback by applying the operation cycle description on its input neurons. We discuss the restrictions and capabilities of both prediction techniques. A statistical simulation of different series measurement scenarios was used to provide an estimate concerning the number of magnets that must be measured cold in order to fulfill beam quality requirements. (author)

  1. Study of charmless three-body decays of neutral B mesons with the LHCb spectrometer

    CERN Document Server

    Sobczak, Krzysztof Grzegorz

    This thesis describes an exploratory work on three-body charmless neutral $B$ mesons decays containing either a $K_S$ or $\\pi^0$. The events are reconstructed with the LHCb spectrometer installed at Cern (Geneva, CH) recording the proton-proton collisions delivered by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The phenomenology of such modes is rich and covers the possibility to measure all angles of the unitarity triangle linked to the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix. The single example of the $\\gamma$ measurement is explored in this document. The LHC accelerator and the most relevant sub-detector elements of the LHCb spectrometer are described in details. In particular, emphasis is given to the calorimetry system for which the calibration and alignment of the PreShower (PRS) of the electromagnetic calorimeter has been performed. We used particles at minimum ionisation deposit for such a task. The calibration results until year 2011 are reported as well as the method of the PS alignment with respect to the tra...

  2. Study of B --> pi l nu and B --> rho l nu Decays and Determination of |Vub|

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; 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    2005-01-01

    We present an analysis of exclusive charmless semileptonic B-meson decays based on 83 million BBbar pairs recorded with the BABAR detector at the Upsilon(4S) resonance. Using isospin symmetry, we measure branching fractions B(B0 --> pi- l+ nu) = (1.38 +- 0.10 +- 0.16 +- 0.08) x 10^-4 and B(B0 --> rho- l+ nu) = (2.14 +- 0.21 +- 0.48 +- 0.28) x 10^-4, where the errors are statistical, experimental systematic, and due to form-factor shape uncertainties. We compare the measured distribution in q^2, the momentum-transfer squared, with theoretical predictions for the form factors from lattice QCD and light-cone sum rules, and extract the CKM matrix element |V_{ub}| = (3.82 +- 0.14 +- 0.22 +- 0.11 +0.88 -0.52) x 10^-3 from B --> pi l nu, where the fourth error reflects the uncertainty of the form-factor normalization.

  3. KEWPIE2: A cascade code for the study of dynamical decay of excited nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Hongliang; Marchix, Anthony; Abe, Yasuhisa; Boilley, David

    2016-03-01

    KEWPIE-a cascade code devoted to investigating the dynamical decay of excited nuclei, specially designed for treating very low probability events related to the synthesis of super-heavy nuclei formed in fusion-evaporation reactions-has been improved and rewritten in C++ programming language to become KEWPIE2. The current version of the code comprises various nuclear models concerning the light-particle emission, fission process and statistical properties of excited nuclei. General features of the code, such as the numerical scheme and the main physical ingredients, are described in detail. Some typical calculations having been performed in the present paper clearly show that theoretical predictions are generally in accordance with experimental data. Furthermore, since the values of some input parameters cannot be determined neither theoretically nor experimentally, a sensibility analysis is presented. To this end, we systematically investigate the effects of using different parameter values and reaction models on the final results. As expected, in the case of heavy nuclei, the fission process has the most crucial role to play in theoretical predictions. This work would be essential for numerical modeling of fusion-evaporation reactions.

  4. Study and conception of the decay ring of a neutrino facility using the β decays of the helium 6 and neon 18 nuclei produced by an intense beam of protons hitting various targets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of the neutrino oscillation between its different flavours needs pure and very intense flux of energetic, well collimated neutrinos with a well determined energy spectrum. So, a dedicated machine seems necessary nowadays. Among the different concepts of neutrino facilities, the one which will be studied here, called Beta-Beams, lies on the neutrino production by beta decay of radioactive ions after their acceleration. More precisely, the thesis is focused on the study and the design of the race-track-shaped storage ring of the high energy ions. Its aim is to store the ions until decaying. After a brief description of the neutrino oscillation mechanism and a review of the different experiments, an introduction to the neutrino facility concept and more precisely to the Beta-Beams will be given. Then, the issues linked to the Beta-Beams will be presented. After a description of the beam transport formalism, a first design and the optical properties of the ring will be then given. The effects of the misalignment and of the field errors in the dipoles have been studied. The dynamic aperture optimization is then realized. Handling of the decay losses or the energy collimation scheme will be developed. The off-momentum injection needed in presence of a circulating beam will be explained. Finally, the specific radiofrequency program needed by the beam merging will be presented. (author)

  5. $\\beta$-decay study of very neutron-rich Cd isotopes with a chemically selective laser ion source

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Following our test measurements of N=82-84 Cd isotopes with a specifically developed laser ion source (CERN/ISC 97-16, ISC/I 22), we now propose detailed spectroscopic studies of the decay of $^{130}$Cd to $\\,^{132}\\!$Cd, and at least the determination of some gross properties of the new N=85-86 nuclides $^{133}\\!$Cd and $\\,^{134}\\!$Cd. The main nuclear-structure objective of this experiment is the identification of the energies of the single-hole (SH) proton states in $^{131}$In. Nearly all of the other single-nucleon shell-model basis energies around doubly magic $^{132}$Sn are known by now, except those $\\pi$SH in Z=49 $\\,^{131}$In. Theoretical agreement on these values has not been achieved so far. Of particular interest is the depth of the $\\pi$f$_{5/3}$ hole and the p$_{3/2}$ - p$_{1/2}$ spin-orbit splitting. A second important goal is the determination of the position of the lowest-energy 1$^+\\,$ level in $^{130}$In predominantly populated in the Gamow-Teller (GT) decay of N=82 $^{130}\\!$Cd. Apart from...

  6. Study of the $Wtb$ Vertex Structure in Top Quark Decays with the ATLAS experiment and Future Prospects

    CERN Document Server

    Castro Nunes Fiolhais, Miguel; Onofre, António

    In this thesis, the ATLAS sensitivity to the $Wtb$ vertex structure was studied in top quark decays. Measurements were performed on the polarization of $W^\\pm$ bosons, derived from top quark pairs events ($t\\bar{t}$) with single lepton and dilepton topologies. The results were obtained with data from $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.04 $\\textrm{fb}^{-1}$. The measured fractions of the longitudinal, left-handed and right-handed helicities are $F_{\\rm 0}= 0.67 \\pm 0.07$, $F_{\\rm L}= 0.32 \\pm0.04$ and $F_{\\rm R}= 0.01 \\pm 0.05$, which can be translated into angular asymmetries yielding $A_{\\rm +}= 0.53 \\pm 0.02$ and $A_{\\rm -}=-0.84 \\pm 0.02$. These results are in good agreement with the Standard Model predictions, and correspond in the present date to the most precise published results. As the polarization of the $W^\\pm$ bosons in top quark decays is sensitive to the Lorentz s...

  7. Study of $\\eta-\\eta'$ mixing from measurement of $B^0_{(s)}\\to J/\\psi\\eta^{(')}$ decay rates

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio Augusto; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baesso, Clarissa; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bertolin, Alessandro; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Capriotti, Lorenzo; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casanova Mohr, Raimon; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cogoni, Violetta; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collazuol, Gianmaria; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Crocombe, Andrew Christopher; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Dean, Cameron Thomas; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dujany, Giulio; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fol, Philip; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; García Pardiñas, Julián; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gascon, David; Gaspar, Clara; Gastaldi, Ugo; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gazzoni, Giulio; Geraci, Angelo; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Gianì, Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graverini, Elena; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Karodia, Sarah; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Klimaszewski, Konrad; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucewicz, Wojciech; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Likhomanenko, Tatiana; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lowdon, Peter; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Malinin, Alexander; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Mapelli, Alessandro; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Moggi, Niccolò; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Mussini, Manuel; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; O'Hanlon, Daniel Patrick; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Otto, Adam; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Pappalardo, Luciano; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Penso, Gianni; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Polikarpov, Sergey; Poluektov, Anton; Polyakov, Ivan; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Price, Eugenia; Price, Joseph David; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Redi, Federico; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Sophie; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Saunders, Daniel Martin; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Semennikov, Alexander; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skillicorn, Ian; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Spradlin, Patrick; Sridharan, Srikanth; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Marian; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Todd, Jacob; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Trisovic, Ana; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vacca, Claudia; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Wilkinson, Michael; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilschut, Hans; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang

    2015-01-01

    A study of $B^0$and $B^0_s$ meson decays into $J/\\psi\\eta$ and $J/\\psi\\eta^{\\prime}$ final states is performed using a data set of proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment and corresponding to 3.0fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity. The decay $B^0 \\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta^{\\prime}$ is observed for the first time. The following ratios of branching fractions are measured: $ \\frac{\\mathcal{B}(B^0 \\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta^{\\prime})}{\\mathcal{B}(B^0_s \\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta^{\\prime})} = (2.28\\pm0.65\\,(stat)\\,\\pm0.10\\,(syst)\\,\\pm0.13\\,(f_{s}/f_{d}))\\times10^{-2},$ $ \\frac{\\mathcal{B}(B^0 \\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta)}{\\mathcal{B}(B^0_s \\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta)} = (1.85\\pm0.61\\,(stat)\\,\\pm0.09\\,(syst)\\,\\pm0.11\\,(f_{s}/f_{d}))\\times10^{-2},$ where the third uncertainty is related to the present knowledge of $f_{s}/f_{d}$, the ratio between the probabilities for a $b$ quark to form a $B^0_s$ or $B^0$ meson. The branching fraction ratios are used to determine the para...

  8. Measurements of Branching Fractions and CP Asymmetries and Studies of Angular Distributions for B to phi phi K Decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-08-15

    We present branching fraction and CP asymmetry measurements as well as angular studies of B {yields} {phi}{phi}K decays using 464 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} events collected by the BABAR experiment. The branching fractions are measured in the {phi}{phi} invariant mass range below the {eta}{sub c} resonance (m{sub {phi}{phi}} < 2.85 GeV). We find {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {phi}{phi}K{sup +}) = (5.6 {+-} 0.5 {+-} 0.3) x 10{sup -6} and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {phi}{phi}K{sup 0}) = (4.5 {+-} 0.8 {+-} 0.3) x 10{sup -6}, where the first uncertaintiy is statistical and the second systematic. The measured direct CP asymmetries for the B{sup {+-}} decays are A{sub CP} = -0.10 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.02 below the {eta}{sub c} threshold (m{sub {phi}{phi}} < 2.85 GeV) and A{sub CP} = 0.09 {+-} 0.10 {+-} 0.02 in the {eta}{sub c} resonance region (m{sub {phi}{phi}} in [2.94,3.02] GeV). Angular distributions are consistent with J{sub P} = 0{sup -} in the {eta}{sub c} resonance region and favor J{sup P} = 0{sup +} below the {eta}{sub c} resonance.

  9. Study of the spin and parity of the Higgs boson in diboson decays with the ATLAS detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aad, G. [CPPM, Aix-Marseille Univ. et CNRS/IN2P3, Marseille (France); Abbott, B. [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States). Homer L. Dodge Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Abdallah, J. [Academia Sinica, Taipei (China). Inst. of Physics; Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration; and others

    2015-10-15

    Studies of the spin, parity and tensor couplings of the Higgs boson in the H → ZZ* → 4l, H → WW* → eνμν and H → γγ decay processes at the LHC are presented. The investigations are based on 25 fb{sup -1} of pp collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at √(s) = 7 TeV and √(s) = 8 TeV. The Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson hypothesis, corresponding to the quantum numbers J{sup P} = 0{sup +}, is tested against several alternative spin scenarios, including non-SM spin-0 and spin-2 models with universal and non-universal couplings to fermions and vector bosons. All tested alternative models are excluded in favour of the SM Higgs boson hypothesis at more than 99.9% confidence level. Using the H → ZZ* → 4l and H → WW* → eνμν decays, the tensor structure of the interaction between the spin-0 boson and the SM vector bosons is also investigated. The observed distributions of variables sensitive to the non-SM tensor couplings are compatible with the SM predictions and constraints on the non- SM couplings are derived. (orig.)

  10. Particle decay in inflationary cosmology

    OpenAIRE

    Boyanovsky, D.; de Vega, H. J.

    2004-01-01

    We investigate the relaxation and decay of a particle during inflation by implementing the dynamical renormalization group. This investigation allows us to give a meaningful definition for the decay rate in an expanding universe. As a prelude to a more general scenario, the method is applied here to study the decay of a particle in de Sitter inflation via a trilinear coupling to massless conformally coupled particles, both for wavelengths much larger and much smaller than the Hubble radius. F...

  11. Yrast decays in 43K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-spin states in 43K were studied using the 9Be(36S,pnγ)43K reaction. Threefold (pγ1γ2) coincidence data and γ-ray intensity ratios were used to establish a decay scheme and identify negative- and positive-parity yrast decay chains. The 15/2- yrast state is relatively poorly aligned prior to decay. Energies of positive-parity levels predicted by Johnstone are in good agreement with experiment

  12. Biomimetic studies of wood decay: Simulating the effect of low molecular weight compounds and fungal enzymes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Anne Christine Steenkjær; Howell, Caitlin; Jellison, Jody

    The effect of FeCl3 (Fe3+), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a low molecular weight compound (2,3- Dihydroxybenzoic acid), and oxalic acid on wood were tested in a study designed to mimic wood degradation by brown rot fungi. Previous studies suggest that these components are involved in the early stages...... of brown rot decay where they catalyze the formation of hydroxyl radicals through the Fenton reaction or related mechanisms. However, the separate and combined effects of these individual chemical components on wood have not been thoroughly investigated. Tests were conducted in Erlenmeyer flasks...... crystallinity and crystallite size. Understanding how these chemicals modify wood will facilitate characterization of the mechanisms involved in wood biodegradation by brown rot fungi....

  13. Low-energy of neutron-rich nuclei near the N=40 subshell closure studied by beta decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Advances in radioactive beam technology have opened up new areas of the chart of the nuclides for nuclear structure studies. For instance, the ground state and low energy properties of neutron-rich nuclides from Ca (Z=20) to Ni (Z=28) have remained virtually unstudied. The application of both resonance laser ionization with isotope separation on-line and intermediate energy projectile fragmentation has resulted in a wealth of new data in this region, particularly for nuclei near the neutron subshell closure at N=40. The recent beta decay work in this region will be discussed, with focus put on beta-delayed gamma ray studies of neutron-rich nuclei produced by fragmentation of intermediate-energy Ge-76 and Zn-70 beams at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab at Michigan State University. The results will be presented in light of the goodness of the N=40 subshell closure as one moves away from 'doubly-magic' Ni-68

  14. E.s.r. study of decay of the nitroxyl free radical TAN in whole rats and rat-tissue homogenates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The loss of the radical property of TAN (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone-N-oxyl) in the blood of anaesthetized rats has been studied by e.s.r.. Some physiological techniques, such as ligating the portal vein and the abdominal aorta, and also sympathetic blockade, were used to elucidate possible mechanisms of the TAN decay process. Similar decay curves were obtained with rats at normal (370C) and lowered (27 to 280C) body temperatures, indicating the involvement of processes other than enzymic in the in vivo decay of TAN. The fast decay could not be explained by reaction of TAN with other components of blood, since in vitro TAN in blood lost its radical property very slowly. Evidence was obtained for the conversion of TAN to TMPN in the kidney of rats anaesthetized with ether, but not with Nembutal. The greater half-value time recorded in rats with interrupted portal circulation may indicate that the liver is an essential factor in the degradation of TAN. A temperature-dependent TAN decay was observed with in vitro mixtures with homogenates of organs and the decay was faster with homogenates of kidney and liver than brain, lungs and heart, suggesting that enzymic processes do control the in vitro decomposition of TAN. Consideration is given to implications of these results for the potential applications of TAN as a radiosensitizer. (U.K.)

  15. Study of B0 -> pi0 pi0, B -> pi pi0, and B -> K pi0 Decays, and Isospin Analysis of B -> pipi Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We present updated measurements of the branching fractions and CP asymmetries for B0 -> pi0 pi0, B+ -> pi+ pi0, and B+ -> K+ pi0. Based on a sample of 383 x 10^6 Upsilon(4S) -> B Bbar decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC, we measure B(B0 -> pi0 pi0) =(1.47 +/- 0.25 +/- 0.12) x 10^-6, B(B+ -> pi+ pi0)= (5.02 +/- 0.46 +/- 0.29) x 10^-6, and B(B+ -> K+ pi0) = (13.6 +/- 0.6 +/- 0.7) x 10^-6. We also measure the CP asymmetries C(pi0 pi0) = -0.49 +/- 0.35 +/- 0.05, A(pi+ pi0) = 0.03 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.01, and A(K+ pi0) = 0.030 +/- 0.039 +/- 0.010. Finally, we present bounds on the CKM angle $\\alpha$ using isospin relations.

  16. Dark decay of Top quark

    CERN Document Server

    Kong, Kyoungchul; Park, Myeonghun

    2014-01-01

    We suggest top quark decays as a venue to search for light dark force carriers. Top quark is the heaviest particle in the standard model whose decays are relatively poorly measured, allowing sufficient room for new decay modes from new physics. A very light (GeV scale) dark gauge boson (Z') is a recently highlighted hypothetical particle that can address some astrophysical anomalies as well as the 3.6 sigma deviation in the muon g-2 measurement. We present and study a possible scenario that top quark decays as t -> b W + Z's. This is the same as the dominant top quark decay (t -> b W) accompanied by one or multiple dark force carriers. The Z' can be easily boosted, and it can decay into highly collimated leptons (lepton-jet) with large branching ratio. We discuss the implications for the Large Hadron Collider experiments including the analysis based on the lepton-jets.

  17. Doublon stability and decay mechanisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: We present experiments in the context of Bose-Hubbard physics, combining optical lattice potentials with the capability to tune the strength of the particle interaction U. We prepare and study doublons formed by two bosons in an optical lattice at attractive or repulsive interactions. Around zero interactions we observe a rapid decay of doublons as the binding energy vanishes. For large repulsive interactions a decay of doublons is observed, whereas such a decay is absent for attractively bound doublons. Analysing the loss of doublons and the total atom number reveals off-resonant three-body loss as one decay mechanism for large repulsive interactions. (author)

  18. A study of the measurement precision of the Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the ILC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawada, Shin-ichi; Takahashi, Tohru [Hiroshima University, Advanced Sciences of Matter (AdSM), Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima (Japan); Fujii, Keisuke [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Suehara, Taikan [Kyushu University, Graduate School of Science, Fukuoka (Japan); Tanabe, Tomohiko [The University of Tokyo, International Center for Elementary Particle Physics (ICEPP), Tokyo (Japan)

    2015-12-15

    We evaluate the measurement precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio of the Higgs boson decaying into tau lepton pairs at the International Linear Collider (ILC). We analyze various final states associated with the main production mechanisms of the Higgs boson, the Higgs-strahlung and WW-fusion processes. The statistical precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio is estimated to be 2.6 and 6.9 % for the Higgs-strahlung and WW-fusion processes, respectively, with the nominal integrated luminosities assumed in the ILC Technical Design Report; the precision improves to 1.0 and 3.4 % with the running scenario including possible luminosity upgrades. The study provides a reference performance of the ILC for future phenomenological analyses. (orig.)

  19. Effects of single-dose irradiation on tumor blood flow studied by 15O decay after photon activation in situ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A noninvasive technique employing photon activation of tissue oxygen in situ and detection of subsequent 15O positron decay was used to study the effects of single-dose 60Co irradiation on capillary blood flow in transplanted rat rhabdomyosarcomas. Tumor blood flow was measured before irradiation with 16.5, 38.5, or 60.5 Gy and at sever al intervals afterward (0-72 hr). Pre-irradiation values of volume-averaged blood flow in the tumor ranged from 7 to 44 ml/min/100 g. Several hours after irradiation, blood flow fell by up to 50% for 60.5 Gy and up to 35% for 16.5 Gy. However, 24 hours after irradiation, tumor blood flow had recovered completely in the 16.5-Gy group and substantially in the others. For smaller doses such as the fractions typically employed in radiotherapy, no changes in tumor blood flow were observed

  20. Effects of single-dose irradiation in tumor blood flow studied by 15O decay after proton activation in situ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emami, B; Ten Haken, R K; Nussbaum, G H; Hughes, W L

    1981-10-01

    A noninvasive technique employing photon activation of tissue oxygen in situ and detection of subsequent 15O positron decay was used to study the effects of single-dose 60Co irradiation on capillary blood flow in transplanted rat rhabdomyosarcomas. Tumor blood flow was measured before irradiation with 16.5, 38.5, or 60.5 Gy and at several intervals afterward (0-72 hr.). Pre-irradiation values of volume-averaged blood flow in the tumor ranged from 7 to 44 ml/min./100 g. Several hours after irradiation, blood flow fell by up to 50% for 60.5 Gy and up to 35% for 16.5 Gy. However, 24 hours after irradiation, tumor blood flow had recovered completely in the 16.5-Gy group and substantially in the others. For smaller doses such as the fractions typically employed in radiotherapy, no changes in tumor blood flow were observed. PMID:7291527

  1. Effects of single-dose irradiation in tumor blood flow studied by 15O decay after proton activation in situ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A noninvasive technique employing photon activation of tissue oxygen in situ and detection of subsequent 15O positron decay was used to study the effects of single-dose 60Co irradiation on capillary blood flow in transplanted rat rhabdomyosarcomas. Tumor blood flow was measured before irradiation with 16.5, 38.5, or 60.5 Gy and at several intervals afterward (0-72 hr.). Pre-irradiation values of volume-averaged blood flow in the tumor ranged from 7 to 44 ml/min./100 g. Several hours after irradiation, blood flow fell by up to 50% for 60.5 Gy and up to 35% for 16.5 Gy. However, 24 hours after irradiation, tumor blood flow had recovered completely in the 16.5-Gy group and substantially in the others. For smaller doses such as the fractions typically employed in radiotherapy, no changes in tumor blood flow were observed

  2. Study of the mass and spin-parity of the Higgs boson candidate via its decays to Z boson pairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatrchyan, S; Khachatryan, V; Sirunyan, A M; Tumasyan, A; Adam, W; Aguilo, E; Bergauer, T; Dragicevic, M; Erö, J; Fabjan, C; Friedl, M; Frühwirth, R; Ghete, V M; Hörmann, N; Hrubec, J; Jeitler, M; Kiesenhofer, W; Knünz, V; Krammer, M; Krätschmer, I; Liko, D; Mikulec, I; Pernicka, M; Rabady, D; Rahbaran, B; Rohringer, C; Rohringer, H; Schöfbeck, R; Strauss, J; Taurok, A; Waltenberger, W; Wulz, C-E; Mossolov, V; Shumeiko, N; Suarez Gonzalez, J; Alderweireldt, S; Bansal, M; Bansal, S; Cornelis, T; De Wolf, E A; Janssen, X; Luyckx, S; Mucibello, L; Ochesanu, S; Roland, B; Rougny, R; Van Haevermaet, H; Van Mechelen, P; Van Remortel, N; Van Spilbeeck, A; Blekman, F; Blyweert, S; D'Hondt, J; Gonzalez Suarez, R; Kalogeropoulos, A; Maes, M; Olbrechts, A; Tavernier, S; Van Doninck, W; Van Mulders, P; Van Onsem, G P; Villella, I; Clerbaux, B; De Lentdecker, G; Dero, V; Gay, A P R; Hreus, T; Léonard, A; Marage, P E; Mohammadi, A; Reis, T; Thomas, L; Vander Velde, C; Vanlaer, P; Wang, J; Adler, V; Beernaert, K; Cimmino, A; Costantini, S; Garcia, G; Grunewald, M; Klein, B; Lellouch, J; Marinov, A; McCartin, J; Ocampo Rios, A A; Ryckbosch, D; Sigamani, M; Strobbe, N; Thyssen, F; Tytgat, M; Walsh, S; Yazgan, E; Zaganidis, N; Basegmez, S; Bruno, G; Castello, R; Ceard, L; Delaere, C; du Pree, T; Favart, D; Forthomme, L; Giammanco, A; Hollar, J; Lemaitre, V; Liao, J; Militaru, O; Nuttens, C; Pagano, D; Pin, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Selvaggi, M; Vizan Garcia, J M; Beliy, N; Caebergs, T; Daubie, E; Hammad, G H; Alves, G A; Correa Martins Junior, M; Martins, T; Pol, M E; Souza, M H G; Aldá Júnior, W L; Carvalho, W; Chinellato, J; Custódio, A; Da Costa, E M; De Jesus Damiao, D; De Oliveira Martins, C; Fonseca De Souza, S; Malbouisson, H; Malek, M; Matos Figueiredo, D; Mundim, L; Nogima, H; Prado Da Silva, W L; Santoro, A; Soares Jorge, L; Sznajder, A; Tonelli Manganote, E J; Vilela Pereira, A; Anjos, T S; Bernardes, C A; Dias, F A; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T R; Gregores, E M; Lagana, C; Marinho, F; Mercadante, P G; Novaes, S F; Padula, Sandra S; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Piperov, S; Rodozov, M; Stoykova, S; Sultanov, G; Tcholakov, V; Trayanov, R; Vutova, M; Dimitrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Kozhuharov, V; Litov, L; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P; Bian, J G; Chen, G M; Chen, H S; Jiang, C H; Liang, D; Liang, S; Meng, X; Tao, J; Wang, J; Wang, X; Wang, Z; Xiao, H; Xu, M; Zang, J; Zhang, Z; Asawatangtrakuldee, C; Ban, Y; Guo, Y; Li, W; Liu, S; Mao, Y; Qian, S J; Teng, H; Wang, D; Zhang, L; Zou, W; Avila, C; Carrillo Montoya, C A; Gomez, J P; Gomez Moreno, B; Osorio Oliveros, A F; Sanabria, J C; Godinovic, N; Lelas, D; Plestina, R; Polic, D; Puljak, I; Antunovic, Z; Kovac, M; Brigljevic, V; Duric, S; Kadija, K; Luetic, J; Mekterovic, D; Morovic, S; Tikvica, L; Attikis, A; Mavromanolakis, G; Mousa, J; Nicolaou, C; Ptochos, F; Razis, P A; Finger, M; Finger, M; Assran, Y; Elgammal, S; Ellithi Kamel, A; Kuotb Awad, A M; Mahmoud, M A; Radi, A; Kadastik, M; Müntel, M; Murumaa, M; Raidal, M; Rebane, L; Tiko, A; Eerola, P; Fedi, G; Voutilainen, M; Härkönen, J; Heikkinen, A; Karimäki, V; Kinnunen, R; Kortelainen, M J; Lampén, T; Lassila-Perini, K; Lehti, S; Lindén, T; Luukka, P; Mäenpää, T; Peltola, T; Tuominen, E; Tuominiemi, J; Tuovinen, E; Ungaro, D; Wendland, L; Korpela, A; Tuuva, T; Besancon, M; Choudhury, S; Couderc, F; Dejardin, M; Denegri, D; Fabbro, B; Faure, J L; Ferri, F; Ganjour, S; Givernaud, A; Gras, P; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Jarry, P; Locci, E; Malcles, J; Millischer, L; Nayak, A; Rander, J; Rosowsky, A; Titov, M; Baffioni, S; Beaudette, F; Benhabib, L; Bianchini, L; Bluj, M; Busson, P; Charlot, C; Daci, N; Dahms, T; Dalchenko, M; Dobrzynski, L; Florent, A; Granier de Cassagnac, R; Haguenauer, M; Miné, P; Mironov, C; Naranjo, I N; Nguyen, M; Ochando, C; Paganini, P; Sabes, D; Salerno, R; Sirois, Y; Veelken, C; Zabi, A; Agram, J-L; Andrea, J; Bloch, D; Bodin, D; Brom, J-M; Chabert, E C; Collard, C; Conte, E; Drouhin, F; Fontaine, J-C; Gelé, D; Goerlach, U; Juillot, P; Le Bihan, A-C; Van Hove, P; Beauceron, S; Beaupere, N; Bondu, O; Boudoul, G; Brochet, S; Chasserat, J; Chierici, R; Contardo, D; Depasse, P; El Mamouni, H; Fay, J; Gascon, S; Gouzevitch, M; Ille, B; Kurca, T; Lethuillier, M; Mirabito, L; Perries, S; Sgandurra, L; Sordini, V; Tschudi, Y; Verdier, P; Viret, S; Tsamalaidze, Z; Autermann, C; Beranek, S; Calpas, B; Edelhoff, M; Feld, L; Heracleous, N; Hindrichs, O; Jussen, R; Klein, K; Merz, J; Ostapchuk, A; Perieanu, A; Raupach, F; Sammet, J; Schael, S; Sprenger, D; Weber, H; Wittmer, B; Zhukov, V; Ata, M; Caudron, J; Dietz-Laursonn, E; Duchardt, D; Erdmann, M; Fischer, R; Güth, A; Hebbeker, T; Heidemann, C; Hoepfner, K; Klingebiel, D; Kreuzer, P; Merschmeyer, M; Meyer, A; Olschewski, M; Padeken, K; Papacz, P; Pieta, H; Reithler, H; Schmitz, S A; Sonnenschein, L

    2013-02-22

    A study is presented of the mass and spin-parity of the new boson recently observed at the LHC at a mass near 125 GeV. An integrated luminosity of 17.3 fb(-1), collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, is used. The measured mass in the ZZ channel, where both Z bosons decay to e or μ pairs, is 126.2 ± 0.6(stat) ± 0.2(syst) GeV. The angular distributions of the lepton pairs in this channel are sensitive to the spin-parity of the boson. Under the assumption of spin 0, the present data are consistent with the pure scalar hypothesis, while disfavoring the pure pseudoscalar hypothesis. PMID:23473131

  3. A study of the measurement precision of the Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the ILC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluate the measurement precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio of the Higgs boson decaying into tau lepton pairs at the International Linear Collider (ILC). We analyze various final states associated with the main production mechanisms of the Higgs boson, the Higgs-strahlung and WW-fusion processes. The statistical precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio is estimated to be 2.6 and 6.9 % for the Higgs-strahlung and WW-fusion processes, respectively, with the nominal integrated luminosities assumed in the ILC Technical Design Report; the precision improves to 1.0 and 3.4 % with the running scenario including possible luminosity upgrades. The study provides a reference performance of the ILC for future phenomenological analyses. (orig.)

  4. Three-electron correlations in electron-helium collisions: a study of excitation and decay of helium autoionising states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is concerned with the effects of negative-ion resonances in the threshold excitation of the helium autoionising states. A detailed discussion is given of the structures in the excitation functions of the singly-excited helium states. Experimental indications for the decay of one of the shape resonances to its non-parent states are presented. The author describes a study of the effects of post-collision interaction in spectra of ejected electrons. Measurements are performed on an angular distribution of electrons ejected by one of the autoionising states after its excitation via a negative-ion resonance. Analysis of the angular distribution provides evidence for the occurrence of angular momentum exchange during the post-collision interaction between the ejected and the scattered electron. A model for post-collision interaction is formulated, which incorporates the effects of angular momentum exchange. (Auth.)

  5. Study of the Mass and Spin-Parity of the Higgs Boson Candidate via Its Decays to Z Boson Pairs

    CERN Document Server

    Chatrchyan, Serguei; Sirunyan, Albert M; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Aguilo, Ernest; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; Hörmann, Natascha; Hrubec, Josef; Jeitler, Manfred; Kiesenhofer, Wolfgang; Knünz, Valentin; Krammer, Manfred; Krätschmer, Ilse; Liko, Dietrich; Mikulec, Ivan; Pernicka, Manfred; Rabady, Dinyar; Rahbaran, Babak; Rohringer, Christine; Rohringer, Herbert; Schöfbeck, Robert; Strauss, Josef; Taurok, Anton; Waltenberger, Wolfgang; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Mossolov, Vladimir; Shumeiko, Nikolai; Suarez Gonzalez, Juan; Alderweireldt, Sara; Bansal, Monika; Bansal, Sunil; Cornelis, Tom; De Wolf, Eddi A; Janssen, Xavier; Luyckx, Sten; Mucibello, Luca; Ochesanu, Silvia; Roland, Benoit; Rougny, Romain; Van Haevermaet, Hans; Van Mechelen, Pierre; Van Remortel, Nick; Van Spilbeeck, Alex; Blekman, Freya; Blyweert, Stijn; D'Hondt, Jorgen; Gonzalez Suarez, Rebeca; Kalogeropoulos, Alexis; Maes, Michael; Olbrechts, Annik; Tavernier, Stefaan; Van Doninck, Walter; Van Mulders, Petra; Van Onsem, Gerrit Patrick; Villella, Ilaria; Clerbaux, Barbara; De Lentdecker, Gilles; Dero, Vincent; Gay, Arnaud; Hreus, Tomas; Léonard, Alexandre; Marage, Pierre Edouard; Mohammadi, Abdollah; Reis, Thomas; Thomas, Laurent; Vander Velde, Catherine; Vanlaer, Pascal; Wang, Jian; Adler, Volker; Beernaert, Kelly; Cimmino, Anna; Costantini, Silvia; Garcia, Guillaume; Grunewald, Martin; Klein, Benjamin; Lellouch, Jérémie; Marinov, Andrey; Mccartin, Joseph; Ocampo Rios, Alberto Andres; Ryckbosch, Dirk; Sigamani, Michael; Strobbe, Nadja; Thyssen, Filip; Tytgat, Michael; Walsh, Sinead; Yazgan, Efe; Zaganidis, Nicolas; Basegmez, Suzan; Bruno, Giacomo; Castello, Roberto; Ceard, Ludivine; Delaere, Christophe; Du Pree, Tristan; Favart, Denis; Forthomme, Laurent; Giammanco, Andrea; Hollar, Jonathan; Lemaitre, Vincent; Liao, Junhui; Militaru, Otilia; Nuttens, Claude; Pagano, Davide; Pin, Arnaud; Piotrzkowski, Krzysztof; Selvaggi, Michele; Vizan Garcia, Jesus Manuel; Beliy, Nikita; Caebergs, Thierry; Daubie, Evelyne; Hammad, Gregory Habib; Alves, Gilvan; Correa Martins Junior, Marcos; Martins, Thiago; Pol, Maria Elena; Henrique Gomes E Souza, Moacyr; Aldá Júnior, Walter Luiz; Carvalho, Wagner; Chinellato, Jose; Custódio, Analu; Da Costa, Eliza Melo; De Jesus Damiao, Dilson; De Oliveira Martins, Carley; Fonseca De Souza, Sandro; Malbouisson, Helena; Malek, Magdalena; Matos Figueiredo, Diego; Mundim, Luiz; Nogima, Helio; Prado Da Silva, Wanda Lucia; Santoro, Alberto; Soares Jorge, Luana; Sznajder, Andre; Tonelli Manganote, Edmilson José; Vilela Pereira, Antonio; Souza Dos Anjos, Tiago; Bernardes, Cesar Augusto; De Almeida Dias, Flavia; Tomei, Thiago; De Moraes Gregores, Eduardo; Lagana, Caio; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Mercadante, Pedro G; Novaes, Sergio F; Padula, Sandra; Genchev, Vladimir; Iaydjiev, Plamen; Piperov, Stefan; Rodozov, Mircho; Stoykova, Stefka; Sultanov, Georgi; Tcholakov, Vanio; Trayanov, Rumen; Vutova, Mariana; Dimitrov, Anton; Hadjiiska, Roumyana; Kozhuharov, Venelin; Litov, Leander; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Liang, Dong; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiangwei; Tao, Junquan; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xianyou; Wang, Zheng; Xiao, Hong; Xu, Ming; Zang, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhen; Asawatangtrakuldee, Chayanit; Ban, Yong; Guo, Yifei; Li, Wenbo; Liu, Shuai; Mao, Yajun; Qian, Si-Jin; Teng, Haiyun; Wang, Dayong; Zhang, Linlin; Zou, Wei; Avila, Carlos; Carrillo Montoya, Camilo Andres; Gomez, Juan Pablo; Gomez Moreno, Bernardo; Osorio Oliveros, Andres Felipe; Sanabria, Juan Carlos; Godinovic, Nikola; Lelas, Damir; Plestina, Roko; Polic, Dunja; Puljak, Ivica; Antunovic, Zeljko; Kovac, Marko; Brigljevic, Vuko; Duric, Senka; Kadija, Kreso; Luetic, Jelena; Mekterovic, Darko; Morovic, Srecko; Tikvica, Lucija; Attikis, Alexandros; Mavromanolakis, Georgios; Mousa, Jehad; Nicolaou, Charalambos; Ptochos, Fotios; Razis, Panos A; Finger, Miroslav; Finger Jr, Michael; Assran, Yasser; Elgammal, Sherif; Ellithi Kamel, Ali; Kuotb Awad, Alaa Metwaly; Mahmoud, Mohammed; Radi, Amr; Kadastik, Mario; Müntel, Mait; Murumaa, Marion; Raidal, Martti; Rebane, Liis; Tiko, Andres; Eerola, Paula; Fedi, Giacomo; Voutilainen, Mikko; Härkönen, Jaakko; Heikkinen, Mika Aatos; Karimäki, Veikko; Kinnunen, Ritva; Kortelainen, Matti J; Lampén, Tapio; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Lehti, Sami; Lindén, Tomas; Luukka, Panja-Riina; Mäenpää, Teppo; Peltola, Timo; Tuominen, Eija; Tuominiemi, Jorma; Tuovinen, Esa; Ungaro, Donatella; Wendland, Lauri; Korpela, Arja; Tuuva, Tuure; Besancon, Marc; Choudhury, Somnath; Couderc, Fabrice; Dejardin, Marc; Denegri, Daniel; Fabbro, Bernard; Faure, Jean-Louis; Ferri, Federico; Ganjour, Serguei; Givernaud, Alain; Gras, Philippe; Hamel de Monchenault, Gautier; Jarry, Patrick; Locci, Elizabeth; Malcles, Julie; Millischer, Laurent; Nayak, Aruna; Rander, John; Rosowsky, André; Titov, Maksym; Baffioni, Stephanie; Beaudette, Florian; Benhabib, Lamia; Bianchini, Lorenzo; Bluj, Michal; Busson, Philippe; Charlot, Claude; Daci, Nadir; Dahms, Torsten; Dalchenko, Mykhailo; Dobrzynski, Ludwik; Florent, Alice; Granier de Cassagnac, Raphael; Haguenauer, Maurice; Miné, Philippe; Mironov, Camelia; Naranjo, Ivo Nicolas; Nguyen, Matthew; Ochando, Christophe; Paganini, Pascal; Sabes, David; Salerno, Roberto; Sirois, Yves; Veelken, Christian; Zabi, Alexandre; Agram, Jean-Laurent; Andrea, Jeremy; Bloch, Daniel; Bodin, David; Brom, Jean-Marie; Chabert, Eric Christian; Collard, Caroline; Conte, Eric; Drouhin, Frédéric; Fontaine, Jean-Charles; Gelé, Denis; Goerlach, Ulrich; Juillot, Pierre; Le Bihan, Anne-Catherine; Van Hove, Pierre; Beauceron, Stephanie; Beaupere, Nicolas; Bondu, Olivier; Boudoul, Gaelle; Brochet, Sébastien; Chasserat, Julien; Chierici, Roberto; Contardo, Didier; Depasse, Pierre; El Mamouni, Houmani; Fay, Jean; Gascon, Susan; Gouzevitch, Maxime; Ille, Bernard; Kurca, Tibor; Lethuillier, Morgan; Mirabito, Laurent; Perries, Stephane; Sgandurra, Louis; Sordini, Viola; Tschudi, Yohann; Verdier, Patrice; Viret, Sébastien; Tsamalaidze, Zviad; Autermann, Christian; Beranek, Sarah; Calpas, Betty; Edelhoff, Matthias; Feld, Lutz; Heracleous, Natalie; Hindrichs, Otto; Jussen, Ruediger; Klein, Katja; Merz, Jennifer; Ostapchuk, Andrey; Perieanu, Adrian; Raupach, Frank; Sammet, Jan; Schael, Stefan; Sprenger, Daniel; Weber, Hendrik; Wittmer, Bruno; Zhukov, Valery; Ata, Metin; Caudron, Julien; Dietz-Laursonn, Erik; Duchardt, Deborah; Erdmann, Martin; Fischer, Robert; Güth, Andreas; Hebbeker, Thomas; Heidemann, Carsten; Hoepfner, Kerstin; Klingebiel, Dennis; Kreuzer, Peter; Merschmeyer, Markus; Meyer, Arnd; Olschewski, Mark; Padeken, Klaas; Papacz, Paul; Pieta, Holger; Reithler, Hans; Schmitz, Stefan Antonius; Sonnenschein, Lars; Steggemann, Jan; Teyssier, Daniel; Thüer, Sebastian; Weber, Martin; Bontenackels, Michael; Cherepanov, Vladimir; Erdogan, Yusuf; Flügge, Günter; Geenen, Heiko; Geisler, Matthias; Haj Ahmad, Wael; Hoehle, Felix; Kargoll, Bastian; Kress, Thomas; Kuessel, Yvonne; Lingemann, Joschka; Nowack, Andreas; Nugent, Ian Michael; Perchalla, Lars; Pooth, Oliver; Sauerland, Philip; Stahl, Achim; Aldaya Martin, Maria; Asin, Ivan; Bartosik, Nazar; Behr, Joerg; Behrenhoff, Wolf; Behrens, Ulf; Bergholz, Matthias; Bethani, Agni; Borras, Kerstin; Burgmeier, Armin; Cakir, Altan; Calligaris, Luigi; Campbell, Alan; Castro, Elena; Costanza, Francesco; Dammann, Dirk; Diez Pardos, Carmen; Dorland, Tyler; Eckerlin, Guenter; Eckstein, Doris; Flucke, Gero; Geiser, Achim; Glushkov, Ivan; Gunnellini, Paolo; Habib, Shiraz; Hauk, Johannes; Hellwig, Gregor; Jung, Hannes; Kasemann, Matthias; Katsas, Panagiotis; Kleinwort, Claus; Kluge, Hannelies; Knutsson, Albert; Krämer, Mira; Krücker, Dirk; Kuznetsova, Ekaterina; Lange, Wolfgang; Leonard, Jessica; Lohmann, Wolfgang; Lutz, Benjamin; Mankel, Rainer; Marfin, Ihar; Marienfeld, Markus; Melzer-Pellmann, Isabell-Alissandra; Meyer, Andreas Bernhard; Mnich, Joachim; Mussgiller, Andreas; Naumann-Emme, Sebastian; Novgorodova, Olga; Nowak, Friederike; Olzem, Jan; Perrey, Hanno; Petrukhin, Alexey; Pitzl, Daniel; Raspereza, Alexei; Ribeiro Cipriano, Pedro M; Riedl, Caroline; Ron, Elias; Rosin, Michele; Salfeld-Nebgen, Jakob; Schmidt, Ringo; Schoerner-Sadenius, Thomas; Sen, Niladri; Spiridonov, Alexander; Stein, Matthias; Walsh, Roberval; Wissing, Christoph; Blobel, Volker; Enderle, Holger; Erfle, Joachim; Gebbert, Ulla; Görner, Martin; Gosselink, Martijn; Haller, Johannes; Hermanns, Thomas; Höing, Rebekka Sophie; Kaschube, Kolja; Kaussen, Gordon; Kirschenmann, Henning; Klanner, Robert; Lange, Jörn; Peiffer, Thomas; Pietsch, Niklas; Rathjens, Denis; Sander, Christian; Schettler, Hannes; Schleper, Peter; Schlieckau, Eike; Schmidt, Alexander; Schröder, Matthias; Schum, Torben; Seidel, Markus; Sibille, Jennifer; Sola, Valentina; Stadie, Hartmut; Steinbrück, Georg; Thomsen, Jan; Vanelderen, Lukas; Barth, Christian; Baus, Colin; Berger, Joram; Böser, Christian; Chwalek, Thorsten; De Boer, Wim; Descroix, Alexis; Dierlamm, Alexander; Feindt, Michael; Guthoff, Moritz; Hackstein, Christoph; Hartmann, Frank; Hauth, Thomas; Heinrich, Michael; Held, Hauke; Hoffmann, Karl-Heinz; Husemann, Ulrich; Katkov, Igor; Komaragiri, Jyothsna Rani; Lobelle Pardo, Patricia; Martschei, Daniel; Mueller, Steffen; Müller, Thomas; Niegel, Martin; Nürnberg, Andreas; Oberst, Oliver; Oehler, Andreas; Ott, Jochen; Quast, Gunter; Rabbertz, Klaus; Ratnikov, Fedor; Ratnikova, Natalia; Röcker, Steffen; Schilling, Frank-Peter; Schott, Gregory; Simonis, Hans-Jürgen; Stober, Fred-Markus Helmut; Troendle, Daniel; Ulrich, Ralf; Wagner-Kuhr, Jeannine; Wayand, Stefan; Weiler, Thomas; Zeise, Manuel; Anagnostou, Georgios; Daskalakis, Georgios; Geralis, Theodoros; Kesisoglou, Stilianos; Kyriakis, Aristotelis; Loukas, Demetrios; Markou, Athanasios; Markou, Christos; Ntomari, Eleni; Gouskos, Loukas; Mertzimekis, Theodoros; Panagiotou, Apostolos; Saoulidou, Niki; Evangelou, Ioannis; Foudas, Costas; Kokkas, Panagiotis; Manthos, Nikolaos; Papadopoulos, Ioannis; Bencze, Gyorgy; Hajdu, Csaba; Hidas, Pàl; Horvath, Dezso; Sikler, Ferenc; Veszpremi, Viktor; Vesztergombi, Gyorgy; Zsigmond, Anna Julia; Beni, Noemi; Czellar, Sandor; Molnar, Jozsef; Palinkas, Jozsef; Szillasi, Zoltan; Karancsi, János; Raics, Peter; Trocsanyi, Zoltan Laszlo; Ujvari, Balazs; Beri, Suman Bala; Bhatnagar, Vipin; Dhingra, Nitish; Gupta, Ruchi; Kaur, Manjit; Mehta, Manuk Zubin; Mittal, Monika; Nishu, Nishu; Saini, Lovedeep Kaur; Sharma, Archana; Singh, Jasbir; Kumar, Ashok; Kumar, Arun; Ahuja, Sudha; Bhardwaj, Ashutosh; Choudhary, Brajesh C; Malhotra, Shivali; Naimuddin, Md; Ranjan, Kirti; Saxena, Pooja; Sharma, Varun; Shivpuri, Ram Krishen; Banerjee, Sunanda; Bhattacharya, Satyaki; Chatterjee, Kalyanmoy; Dutta, Suchandra; Gomber, Bhawna; Jain, Sandhya; Jain, Shilpi; Khurana, Raman; Modak, Atanu; Mukherjee, Swagata; Roy, Debarati; Sarkar, Subir; Sharan, Manoj; Abdulsalam, Abdulla; Dutta, Dipanwita; Kailas, Swaminathan; Kumar, Vineet; Mohanty, Ajit Kumar; Pant, Lalit Mohan; Shukla, Prashant; Aziz, Tariq; Chatterjee, Rajdeep Mohan; Ganguly, Sanmay; Guchait, Monoranjan; Gurtu, Atul; Maity, Manas; Majumder, Gobinda; Mazumdar, Kajari; Mohanty, Gagan Bihari; Parida, Bibhuti; Sudhakar, Katta; Wickramage, Nadeesha; Banerjee, Sudeshna; Dugad, Shashikant; Arfaei, Hessamaddin; Bakhshiansohi, Hamed; Etesami, Seyed Mohsen; Fahim, Ali; Hashemi, Majid; Hesari, Hoda; Jafari, Abideh; Khakzad, Mohsen; Mohammadi Najafabadi, Mojtaba; Paktinat Mehdiabadi, Saeid; Safarzadeh, Batool; Zeinali, Maryam; Abbrescia, Marcello; Barbone, Lucia; Calabria, Cesare; Chhibra, Simranjit Singh; Colaleo, Anna; Creanza, Donato; De Filippis, Nicola; De Palma, Mauro; Fiore, Luigi; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, Giorgio; Maggi, Marcello; Marangelli, Bartolomeo; My, Salvatore; Nuzzo, Salvatore; Pacifico, Nicola; Pompili, Alexis; Pugliese, Gabriella; Selvaggi, Giovanna; Silvestris, Lucia; Singh, Gurpreet; Venditti, Rosamaria; Verwilligen, Piet; Zito, Giuseppe; Abbiendi, Giovanni; Benvenuti, Alberto; Bonacorsi, Daniele; Braibant-Giacomelli, Sylvie; Brigliadori, Luca; Capiluppi, Paolo; Castro, Andrea; Cavallo, Francesca Romana; Cuffiani, Marco; Dallavalle, Gaetano-Marco; Fabbri, Fabrizio; Fanfani, Alessandra; Fasanella, Daniele; Giacomelli, Paolo; Grandi, Claudio; Guiducci, Luigi; Marcellini, Stefano; Masetti, Gianni; Meneghelli, Marco; Montanari, Alessandro; Navarria, Francesco; Odorici, Fabrizio; Perrotta, Andrea; Primavera, Federica; Rossi, Antonio; Rovelli, Tiziano; Siroli, Gian Piero; Tosi, Nicolò; Travaglini, Riccardo; Albergo, Sebastiano; Cappello, Gigi; Chiorboli, Massimiliano; Costa, Salvatore; Potenza, Renato; Tricomi, Alessia; Tuve, Cristina; Barbagli, Giuseppe; Ciulli, Vitaliano; Civinini, Carlo; D'Alessandro, Raffaello; Focardi, Ettore; Frosali, Simone; Gallo, Elisabetta; Gonzi, Sandro; Meschini, Marco; Paoletti, Simone; Sguazzoni, Giacomo; Tropiano, Antonio; Benussi, Luigi; Bianco, Stefano; Colafranceschi, Stefano; Fabbri, Franco; Piccolo, Davide; Fabbricatore, Pasquale; Musenich, Riccardo; Tosi, Silvano; Benaglia, Andrea; De Guio, Federico; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Fiorendi, Sara; Gennai, Simone; Ghezzi, Alessio; Lucchini, Marco Toliman; Malvezzi, Sandra; Manzoni, Riccardo Andrea; Martelli, Arabella; Massironi, Andrea; Menasce, Dario; Moroni, Luigi; Paganoni, Marco; Pedrini, Daniele; Ragazzi, Stefano; Redaelli, Nicola; Tabarelli de Fatis, Tommaso; Buontempo, Salvatore; Cavallo, Nicola; De Cosa, Annapaola; Dogangun, Oktay; Fabozzi, Francesco; Iorio, Alberto Orso Maria; Lista, Luca; Meola, Sabino; Merola, Mario; Paolucci, Pierluigi; Azzi, Patrizia; Bacchetta, Nicola; Bisello, Dario; Branca, Antonio; Carlin, Roberto; Checchia, Paolo; Dorigo, Tommaso; Galanti, Mario; Gasparini, Fabrizio; Gasparini, Ugo; Gozzelino, Andrea; Kanishchev, Konstantin; Lacaprara, Stefano; Lazzizzera, Ignazio; Margoni, Martino; Meneguzzo, Anna Teresa; Pazzini, Jacopo; Pozzobon, Nicola; Ronchese, Paolo; Simonetto, Franco; Torassa, Ezio; Tosi, Mia; Vanini, Sara; Zotto, Pierluigi; Zucchetta, Alberto; Zumerle, Gianni; Gabusi, Michele; Ratti, Sergio P; Riccardi, Cristina; Torre, Paola; Vitulo, Paolo; Biasini, Maurizio; Bilei, Gian Mario; Fanò, Livio; Lariccia, Paolo; Mantovani, Giancarlo; Menichelli, Mauro; Nappi, Aniello; Romeo, Francesco; Saha, Anirban; Santocchia, Attilio; Spiezia, Aniello; Taroni, Silvia; Azzurri, Paolo; Bagliesi, Giuseppe; Bernardini, Jacopo; Boccali, Tommaso; Broccolo, Giuseppe; Castaldi, Rino; D'Agnolo, Raffaele Tito; Dell'Orso, Roberto; Fiori, Francesco; Foà, Lorenzo; Giassi, Alessandro; Kraan, Aafke; Ligabue, Franco; Lomtadze, Teimuraz; Martini, Luca; Messineo, Alberto; Palla, Fabrizio; Rizzi, Andrea; Serban, Alin Titus; Spagnolo, Paolo; Squillacioti, Paola; Tenchini, Roberto; Tonelli, Guido; Venturi, Andrea; Verdini, Piero Giorgio; Barone, Luciano; Cavallari, Francesca; Del Re, Daniele; Diemoz, Marcella; Fanelli, Cristiano; Grassi, Marco; Longo, Egidio; Meridiani, Paolo; Micheli, Francesco; Nourbakhsh, Shervin; Organtini, Giovanni; Paramatti, Riccardo; Rahatlou, Shahram; Soffi, Livia; Amapane, Nicola; Arcidiacono, Roberta; Argiro, Stefano; Arneodo, Michele; Biino, Cristina; Cartiglia, Nicolo; Casasso, Stefano; Costa, Marco; Demaria, Natale; Mariotti, Chiara; Maselli, Silvia; Migliore, Ernesto; Monaco, Vincenzo; Musich, Marco; Obertino, Maria Margherita; Pastrone, Nadia; Pelliccioni, Mario; Potenza, Alberto; Romero, Alessandra; Ruspa, Marta; Sacchi, Roberto; Solano, Ada; Staiano, Amedeo; Belforte, Stefano; Candelise, Vieri; Casarsa, Massimo; Cossutti, Fabio; Della Ricca, Giuseppe; Gobbo, Benigno; Marone, Matteo; Montanino, Damiana; Penzo, Aldo; Schizzi, Andrea; Kim, Tae Yeon; Nam, Soon-Kwon; Chang, Sunghyun; Kim, Dong Hee; Kim, Gui Nyun; Kong, Dae Jung; Park, Hyangkyu; Son, Dong-Chul; Kim, Jae Yool; Kim, Zero Jaeho; Song, Sanghyeon; Choi, Suyong; Gyun, Dooyeon; Hong, Byung-Sik; Jo, Mihee; Kim, Hyunchul; Kim, Tae Jeong; Lee, Kyong Sei; Moon, Dong Ho; Park, Sung Keun; Roh, Youn; Choi, Minkyoo; Kim, Ji Hyun; Park, Chawon; Park, Inkyu; Park, Sangnam; Ryu, Geonmo; Choi, Young-Il; Choi, Young Kyu; Goh, Junghwan; Kim, Min Suk; Kwon, Eunhyang; Lee, Byounghoon; Lee, Jongseok; Lee, Sungeun; Seo, Hyunkwan; Yu, Intae; Bilinskas, Mykolas Jurgis; Grigelionis, Ignas; Janulis, Mindaugas; Juodagalvis, Andrius; Castilla-Valdez, Heriberto; De La Cruz-Burelo, Eduard; Heredia-de La Cruz, Ivan; Lopez-Fernandez, Ricardo; Martínez-Ortega, Jorge; Sánchez Hernández, Alberto; Villasenor-Cendejas, Luis Manuel; Carrillo Moreno, Salvador; Vazquez Valencia, Fabiola; Salazar Ibarguen, Humberto Antonio; Casimiro Linares, Edgar; Morelos Pineda, Antonio; Reyes-Santos, Marco A; Krofcheck, David; Bell, Alan James; Butler, Philip H; Doesburg, Robert; Reucroft, Steve; Silverwood, Hamish; Ahmad, Muhammad; Asghar, Muhammad Irfan; Butt, Jamila; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Khalid, Shoaib; Khan, Wajid Ali; Khurshid, Taimoor; Qazi, Shamona; Shah, Mehar Ali; Shoaib, Muhammad; Bialkowska, Helena; Boimska, Bozena; Frueboes, Tomasz; Górski, Maciej; Kazana, Malgorzata; Nawrocki, Krzysztof; Romanowska-Rybinska, Katarzyna; Szleper, Michal; Wrochna, Grzegorz; Zalewski, Piotr; Brona, Grzegorz; Bunkowski, Karol; Cwiok, Mikolaj; Dominik, Wojciech; Doroba, Krzysztof; Kalinowski, Artur; Konecki, Marcin; Krolikowski, Jan; Misiura, Maciej; Wolszczak, Weronika; Almeida, Nuno; Bargassa, Pedrame; David Tinoco Mendes, Andre; Faccioli, Pietro; Ferreira Parracho, Pedro Guilherme; Gallinaro, Michele; Seixas, Joao; Varela, Joao; Vischia, Pietro; Belotelov, Ivan; Bunin, Pavel; Gavrilenko, Mikhail; Golutvin, Igor; Gorbunov, Ilya; Kamenev, Alexey; Karjavin, Vladimir; Kozlov, Guennady; Lanev, Alexander; Malakhov, Alexander; Moisenz, Petr; Palichik, Vladimir; Perelygin, Victor; Shmatov, Sergey; Smirnov, Vitaly; Volodko, Anton; Zarubin, Anatoli; Evstyukhin, Sergey; Golovtsov, Victor; Ivanov, Yury; Kim, Victor; Levchenko, Petr; Murzin, Victor; Oreshkin, Vadim; Smirnov, Igor; Sulimov, Valentin; Uvarov, Lev; Vavilov, Sergey; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Andrey; Andreev, Yuri; Dermenev, Alexander; Gninenko, Sergei; Golubev, Nikolai; Kirsanov, Mikhail; Krasnikov, Nikolai; Matveev, Viktor; Pashenkov, Anatoli; Tlisov, Danila; Toropin, Alexander; Epshteyn, Vladimir; Erofeeva, Maria; Gavrilov, Vladimir; Kossov, Mikhail; Lychkovskaya, Natalia; Popov, Vladimir; Safronov, Grigory; Semenov, Sergey; Shreyber, Irina; Stolin, Viatcheslav; Vlasov, Evgueni; Zhokin, Alexander; Belyaev, Andrey; Boos, Edouard; Bunichev, Viacheslav; Dubinin, Mikhail; Dudko, Lev; Ershov, Alexander; Gribushin, Andrey; Klyukhin, Vyacheslav; Kodolova, Olga; Lokhtin, Igor; Markina, Anastasia; Obraztsov, Stepan; Perfilov, Maxim; Petrushanko, Sergey; Popov, Andrey; Sarycheva, Ludmila; Savrin, Viktor; Andreev, Vladimir; Azarkin, Maksim; Dremin, Igor; Kirakosyan, Martin; Leonidov, Andrey; Mesyats, Gennady; Rusakov, Sergey V; Vinogradov, Alexey; Azhgirey, Igor; Bayshev, Igor; Bitioukov, Sergei; Grishin, Viatcheslav; Kachanov, Vassili; Konstantinov, Dmitri; Krychkine, Victor; Petrov, Vladimir; Ryutin, Roman; Sobol, Andrei; Tourtchanovitch, Leonid; Troshin, Sergey; Tyurin, Nikolay; Uzunian, Andrey; Volkov, Alexey; Adzic, Petar; Djordjevic, Milos; Ekmedzic, Marko; Krpic, Dragomir; Milosevic, Jovan; Aguilar-Benitez, Manuel; Alcaraz Maestre, Juan; Arce, Pedro; Battilana, Carlo; Calvo, Enrique; Cerrada, Marcos; Chamizo Llatas, Maria; Colino, Nicanor; De La Cruz, Begona; Delgado Peris, Antonio; Domínguez Vázquez, Daniel; Fernandez Bedoya, Cristina; Fernández Ramos, Juan Pablo; Ferrando, Antonio; Flix, Jose; Fouz, Maria Cruz; Garcia-Abia, Pablo; Gonzalez Lopez, Oscar; Goy Lopez, Silvia; Hernandez, Jose M; Josa, Maria Isabel; Merino, Gonzalo; Puerta Pelayo, Jesus; Quintario Olmeda, Adrián; Redondo, Ignacio; Romero, Luciano; Santaolalla, Javier; Soares, Mara Senghi; Willmott, Carlos; Albajar, Carmen; Codispoti, Giuseppe; de Trocóniz, Jorge F; Brun, Hugues; Cuevas, Javier; Fernandez Menendez, Javier; Folgueras, Santiago; Gonzalez Caballero, Isidro; Lloret Iglesias, Lara; Piedra Gomez, Jonatan; Brochero Cifuentes, Javier Andres; Cabrillo, Iban Jose; Calderon, Alicia; Chuang, Shan-Huei; Duarte Campderros, Jordi; Felcini, Marta; Fernandez, Marcos; Gomez, Gervasio; Gonzalez Sanchez, Javier; Graziano, Alberto; Jorda, Clara; Lopez Virto, Amparo; Marco, Jesus; Marco, Rafael; Martinez Rivero, Celso; Matorras, Francisco; Munoz Sanchez, Francisca Javiela; Rodrigo, Teresa; Rodríguez-Marrero, Ana Yaiza; Ruiz-Jimeno, Alberto; Scodellaro, Luca; Vila, Ivan; Vilar Cortabitarte, Rocio; Abbaneo, Duccio; Auffray, Etiennette; Auzinger, Georg; Bachtis, Michail; Baillon, Paul; Ball, Austin; Barney, David; Bendavid, Joshua; Benitez, Jose F; Bernet, Colin; Bianchi, Giovanni; Bloch, Philippe; Bocci, Andrea; Bonato, Alessio; Botta, Cristina; Breuker, Horst; Camporesi, Tiziano; Cerminara, Gianluca; Christiansen, Tim; Coarasa Perez, Jose Antonio; D'Enterria, David; Dabrowski, Anne; De Roeck, Albert; De Visscher, Simon; Di Guida, Salvatore; Dobson, Marc; Dupont-Sagorin, Niels; Elliott-Peisert, Anna; Eugster, Jürg; Frisch, Benjamin; Funk, Wolfgang; Georgiou, Georgios; Giffels, Manuel; Gigi, Dominique; Gill, Karl; Giordano, Domenico; Girone, Maria; Giunta, Marina; Glege, Frank; Gomez-Reino Garrido, Robert; Govoni, Pietro; Gowdy, Stephen; Guida, Roberto; Hammer, Josef; Hansen, Magnus; Harris, Philip; Hartl, Christian; Harvey, John; Hegner, Benedikt; Hinzmann, Andreas; Innocente, Vincenzo; Janot, Patrick; Kaadze, Ketino; Karavakis, Edward; Kousouris, Konstantinos; Krajczar, Krisztian; Lecoq, Paul; Lee, Yen-Jie; Lenzi, Piergiulio; Lourenco, Carlos; Magini, Nicolo; Maki, Tuula; Malberti, Martina; Malgeri, Luca; Mannelli, Marcello; Masetti, Lorenzo; Meijers, Frans; Mersi, Stefano; Meschi, Emilio; Moser, Roland; Mulders, Martijn; Musella, Pasquale; Nesvold, Erik; Orsini, Luciano; Palencia Cortezon, Enrique; Perez, Emmanuelle; Perrozzi, Luca; Petrilli, Achille; Pfeiffer, Andreas; Pierini, Maurizio; Pimiä, Martti; Piparo, Danilo; Polese, Giovanni; Quertenmont, Loic; Racz, Attila; Reece, William; Rodrigues Antunes, Joao; Rolandi, Gigi; Rovelli, Chiara; Rovere, Marco; Sakulin, Hannes; Santanastasio, Francesco; Schäfer, Christoph; Schwick, Christoph; Segoni, Ilaria; Sekmen, Sezen; Sharma, Archana; Siegrist, Patrice; Silva, Pedro; Simon, Michal; Sphicas, Paraskevas; Spiga, Daniele; Tsirou, Andromachi; Veres, Gabor Istvan; Vlimant, Jean-Roch; Wöhri, Hermine Katharina; Worm, Steven; Zeuner, Wolfram Dietrich; Bertl, Willi; Deiters, Konrad; Erdmann, Wolfram; Gabathuler, Kurt; Horisberger, Roland; Ingram, Quentin; Kaestli, Hans-Christian; König, Stefan; Kotlinski, Danek; Langenegger, Urs; Meier, Frank; Renker, Dieter; Rohe, Tilman; Bachmair, Felix; Bäni, Lukas; Bortignon, Pierluigi; Buchmann, Marco-Andrea; Casal, Bruno; Chanon, Nicolas; Deisher, Amanda; Dissertori, Günther; Dittmar, Michael; Donegà, Mauro; Dünser, Marc; Eller, Philipp; Freudenreich, Klaus; Grab, Christoph; Hits, Dmitry; Lecomte, Pierre; Lustermann, Werner; Marini, Andrea Carlo; Martinez Ruiz del Arbol, Pablo; Mohr, Niklas; Moortgat, Filip; Nägeli, Christoph; Nef, Pascal; Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesca; Pandolfi, Francesco; Pape, Luc; Pauss, Felicitas; Peruzzi, Marco; Ronga, Frederic Jean; Rossini, Marco; Sala, Leonardo; Sanchez, Ann - Karin; Starodumov, Andrei; Stieger, Benjamin; Takahashi, Maiko; Tauscher, Ludwig; Thea, Alessandro; Theofilatos, Konstantinos; Treille, Daniel; Urscheler, Christina; Wallny, Rainer; Weber, Hannsjoerg Artur; Wehrli, Lukas; Amsler, Claude; Chiochia, Vincenzo; Favaro, Carlotta; Ivova Rikova, Mirena; Kilminster, Benjamin; Millan Mejias, Barbara; Otiougova, Polina; Robmann, Peter; Snoek, Hella; Tupputi, Salvatore; Verzetti, Mauro; Cardaci, Marco; Chang, Yuan-Hann; Chen, Kuan-Hsin; Ferro, Cristina; Kuo, Chia-Ming;