WorldWideScience

Sample records for almanacs

  1. Almanac Songs and Singers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent

    2015-01-01

    This article takes a look at the practice of the radical leftist singing group The Almanac Singers (whose members included Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger, among others) from their earliest anti-capitalist and anti-war songs to their later, more liberal contributions to negotiating a unified (war......"), as well as the Birmingham School’s set of terms: commodification, familiarization and incorporation. The paper will progress through a lyrics and performance analysis, and will contextualize these with attempts to situate The Almanac Singers culturally and politically in the turbulent public...

  2. The Einstein almanac

    CERN Document Server

    Calaprice, Alice

    2005-01-01

    Albert Einstein was an exceptional human being. Perhaps nothing reflects the breadth and scope of his brilliance, his interests, and his influence better than his publications -- more than six hundred scientific papers, books, essays, reviews, and opinion pieces. Einstein began publishing in March 1901 with a scientific work that appeared in the German journal Annalen der Physik when he was twenty-two; the last publication was an editorial in the journal Common Cause which appeared a few months before his death in 1955. In the fifty-four-year interval, his published work ranged widely over relativity theory and quantum physics, nationalism, Judaism, war, peace, and education. Indeed, Einstein's literary output was so abundant that even many of his most informed admirers are not familiar with all of it. The Einstein Almanac takes a look at Einstein's year-by-year output, explaining his three-hundred most important publications and setting them into the context of his life, science, and world history. Concentr...

  3. Facts Plus: An Almanac of Essential Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ron

    1993-01-01

    Reviews "Facts Plus: An Almanac of Essential Information" by Susan C. Anthony, an authoritative, user-friendly almanac for students in grades 3-9. An accompanying teacher's guide containing almost 200 pages of activities is described; and a lesson based on a crossword puzzle from the guide that helps students interpret charts, graphs,…

  4. Indians in Almanacs (1793-1815)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenrick, Jon S.

    1975-01-01

    The American Indian appeared frequently in the almanac literature of 1783-1815 and was used as a source of humor, political comment, romanticism, etc, much of which contributed to the cultural conflict of the times. (JC)

  5. Stars on Local Time: A Personal Almanac

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlieb-Roberts, M.

    2016-01-01

    First presented at INSAP VIII, the artwork A Personal Almanac is my interpretation of the familiar seasons-of-life allegory. The booklet's eight pairs of seasonal pages— spring equinox through the cross-quarter Groundhog Day—portray a life in the decades from the 1940s to the 2010s under the stars of rural Georgia, France, Miami, West Africa and the other places I have lived. A Personal Almanac is included in the art book A Durable Tale, the illustrated story of my thirty-year search in the Southeast United States and in West Africa for living memories of old star almanacs. In that odyssey I uncovered some very deep roots for an oral literature of the African desert, the nomadic bard's star story that I believe inspired creation of the first nine tablets of the standard version Babylonian Gilgamesh.

  6. The Almanac of Higher Education, 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronicle of Higher Education, Washington, DC.

    This book offers an overview of the health and financing of higher education in the United States in an almanac form for 1992. Diverse and extensive types of information are arranged in three main sections, the first covering higher education in the nation as a whole, the second offering state-by-state reports and the last giving statistics on…

  7. Multiyear interactive computer almanac, 1800-2050

    CERN Document Server

    United States. Naval Observatory

    2005-01-01

    The Multiyear Interactive Computer Almanac (MICA Version 2.2.2 ) is a software system that runs on modern versions of Windows and Macintosh computers created by the U.S. Naval Observatory's Astronomical Applications Department, especially for astronomers, surveyors, meteorologists, navigators and others who regularly need accurate information on the positions, motions, and phenomena of celestial objects. MICA produces high-precision astronomical data in tabular form, tailored for the times and locations specified by the user. Unlike traditional almanacs, MICA computes these data in real time, eliminating the need for table look-ups and additional hand calculations. MICA tables can be saved as standard text files, enabling their use in other applications. Several important new features have been added to this edition of MICA, including: extended date coverage from 1800 to 2050; a redesigned user interface; a graphical sky map; a phenomena calculator (eclipses, transits, equinoxes, solstices, conjunctions, oppo...

  8. Proceedings: Nautical Almanac Office Sesquicentennial Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiala, A. D.; Dick, S. J.

    1999-01-01

    On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the founding of the United States Nautical Almanac Office, the U.S. Naval Observatory hosted a three-day Symposium and associated activities activities beginning March 3, 1999. The Sumposium was planned to cover a broad spectrum of topics including the history of the office, its mission, the evolution of its products to meet contemporary needs, the users of those products, the underlying science, and the vision of its future. Over one hundred current and former members of the staff and representatives from other military and academic institutions attended. The heart of the symposium was one and a half days of formal presentations, which are preserved in these Proceedings.

  9. Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac (3rd Edition)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Sean E.; Seidelmann, P. K.

    2014-01-01

    Publications and software from the the Astronomical Applications Department of the US Naval Observatory (USNO) are used throughout the world, not only in the Department of Defense for safe navigation, but by many people including other navigators, astronomers, aerospace engineers, and geodesists. Products such as The Nautical Almanac, The Astronomical Almanac, and the Multiyear Interactive Computer Almanac (MICA) are regarded as international standards. To maintain credibility, it is imperative that the methodologies employed and the data used are well documented. "The Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac" (hereafter, "The ES") is a major source of such documentation. It is a comprehensive reference book on positional astronomy, covering the theories and algorithms used to produce The Astronomical Almanac, an annual publication produced jointly by the Nautical Almanac Office of USNO and Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO). The first edition of The ES appeared in 1961, and the second followed in 1992. Several major changes have taken place in fundamental astronomy since the second edition was published. Advances in radio observations allowed the celestial reference frame to be tied to extragalactic radio sources, thus the International Celestial Reference System replaced the FK5 system. The success of ESA's Hipparcos satellite dramatically altered observational astrometry. Improvements in Earth orientation observations lead to new precession and nutation theories. Additionally, a new positional paradigm, no longer tied to the ecliptic and equinox, was accepted. Largely because of these changes, staff at USNO and HMNAO decided the time was right for the next edition of The ES. The third edition is now available; it is a complete revision of the 1992 book. Along with subjects covered in the previous two editions, the book also contains descriptions of the major advancements in positional astronomy over the last 20 years, some of which are

  10. The future of almanac services --- an HMNAO perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, S.; Nelmes, S.; Prema, P.; Whittaker, J.

    2015-08-01

    This talk will explore the means for delivering almanac data currently under consideration by HM Nautical Almanac Office in the near to medium future. While there will be a need to continue printed almanacs, almanac data must be available in a variety of forms ranging from paper almanacs to traditional web services through to applications for mobile devices and smartphones. The supply of data using applications may call for a different philosophy in supplying ephemeris data, one that differentiates between an application that calls on a web server for its data and one that has built-in ephemerides. These ephemerides need to be of a reasonably high precision while maintaining a modest machine footprint. These services also need to provide a wide range of applications ranging from traditional sunrise/set data though to more specialized services such as celestial navigation. The work necessary to meet these goals involves efficient programming, intuitive user interfaces, compact and efficient ephemerides and a suitable range of tools to meet the user's needs.

  11. The Liberating Role of Astronomy in an Old Farmer's Almanac: David Rittenhouse's "Useful Knowledge" and a Benjamin Banneker Almanac for 1792

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Theodore, Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Traditionally, astronomy met theology and political ethics in almanacs. As presented in early New England almanacs of the farmer's type, astronomy was deity-affirming and liberty-oriented. The old English label for astronomy that affirms theology was "Astro-theology" (William Derham, 1715). The New England rendering of astro-theology was so strongly oriented towards liberty that it can now be labeled astro-liberation theology. This 21st century label is appropriate because 18th century New England printers and astronomers used astronomy to demonstrate the glory of the Creator (astro-theology) and to encourage liberation from colonialism and slavery (astro-liberation theology). A philosophy of astronomy as "useful knowledge' expressed by David Rittenhouse in 1775 - and implicit in a Benjamin Banneker almanac for 1792 - included liberty-oriented visions of planet Earth as seen from outer space, and liberty-oriented visions of intelligent life on other planets orbiting other stars.

  12. Sensitivity Analysis of the ALMANAC Model's Input Variables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Yun; James R.Kiniry; Jimmy R.Williams; CHEN You-min; LIN Er-da

    2002-01-01

    Crop models often require extensive input data sets to realistically simulate crop growth. Development of such input data sets can be difficult for some model users. The objective of this study was to evaluate the importance of variables in input data sets for crop modeling. Based on published hybrid performance trials in eight Texas counties, we developed standard data sets of 10-year simulations of maize and sorghum for these eight counties with the ALMANAC (Agricultural Land Management Alternatives with Numerical Assessment Criteria) model. The simulation results were close to the measured county yields with relative error only 2.6%for maize, and - 0.6% for sorghum. We then analyzed the sensitivity of grain yield to solar radiation, rainfall, soil depth, soil plant available water, and runoff curve number, comparing simulated yields to those with the original, standard data sets. Runoff curve number changes had the greatest impact on simulated maize and sorghum yields for all the counties. The next most critical input was rainfall, and then solar radiation for both maize and sorghum, especially for the dryland condition. For irrigated sorghum, solar radiation was the second most critical input instead of rainfall. The degree of sensitivity of yield to all variables for maize was larger than for sorghum except for solar radiation. Many models use a USDA curve number approach to represent soil water redistribution, so it will be important to have accurate curve numbers, rainfall, and soil depth to realistically simulate yields.

  13. Almanacs and schedules for teachers Almanaques y calendarios para maestros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miryam CARREÑO

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we analise the contents of the almanacs for school teachers published in the second half of the 19th century (after the enactment of the first Ley de Instrucción Pública and the first decades of the 20th century. These little books, specially written for teachers, played an important role in the making of the school time. They were a good instrument for teachers in organising school work, synchronizying it with the requirements of the Central Administration through the spreading or educational legislation. They were used as well in divulgating professional matters for the teacher's interest: grammar, literature, geography, science... They also have some pages in which textbooks and teaching material are advertised.En este artículo analizamos los contenidos de los almanaques para maestros publicados en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX (después de la puesta en marcha de la primera ley de Instrucción pública y primeras décadas del siglo XX. Estos libritos, especialmente escritos para maestros, juegan un papel muy importante en la construcción del tiempo escolar. Constituyeron un excelente instrumento para los maestros en lo que respecta a la organización del trabajo escolar, sincornizándola con las demandas de la administración central en el desarrollo de la legislación educativa. También se utilizaron para difundir temas de interés para los maestros referentes a diversas disciplinas: gramática, literatura, geografía, ciencias... Dedican, además, algunas páginas para anunciar manuales escolares y material de enseñanza.

  14. Improving the Visual Magnitudes of the Planets in The Astronomical Almanac. I. Mercury and Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    2005 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Improving the Visual Magnitudes of the Planets in The Astronomical Almanac...1. Mercury and Venus 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK

  15. Almanac W22340a from Uruk: the Latest Datable Cuneiform Tablet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hunger, H.; de Jong, T.

    2014-01-01

    In this article we present a transliteration and translation of Tablet W22340a, an astronomical Almanac from Uruk. Based on the astronomical predictions in the text we suggest that it must be dated to the year 326 in the Arsacid Era, equivalent to 79/80 AD. This makes W22340a the latest datable cune

  16. Novel Application of ALMANAC: Modelling a Functional Group, Exotic Warm-season Perennial Grasses

    OpenAIRE

    Kiniry, J. R.; Johnson, M. V. V.; Venuto, B. C. (deceased); Burson, B. L.

    2013-01-01

    Aim: To determine the efficacy of the ALMANAC model in simulating leaf canopy growth and biomass production of a plant functional group, specifically “exotic warm-season perennial grasses,” represented by buffelgrass [Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link] and “Old World Bluestems” (Bothriochloa Kuntze, Capillipedium Stapf, and Dichanthium Willemet). Study Design: Leaf area index (LAI) over the growing season, the light extinction coefficient (k) for Beer's Law, and the rad...

  17. Verification of the Astronomical Almanac's algorithm for approximate the position of the sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Lin; Shen, Guotu; Cai, Jiguang; Dong, Zhanhai; Gao, Jing

    2013-09-01

    With the consumption of the resources, it's important to develop clean solar energy that can solve the problem of energy shortage. Obtaining an accurate position of the sun is the premise of using the solar energy efficiently. An accurate solar position includes two factors that are elevation and azimuth. In the paper, Joseph J. Michalsky's algorithm for calculation of the solar position is verified that is taken from the American Astronomical Almanac. The algorithm has been written into program by Joseph J. Michalsky in FORTRAN. In the paper, it's has been adapted to visual C++ that can calculate the solar elevation and azimuth and errors or some places that less accurate are corrected. The Chinese Astronomical Almanac for the year 1985 doesn't tabulate elevation and azimuth. The quantities needed to calculate elevation and azimuth are the right ascension, the declination and the Greenwich mean sidereal time that are tabulated in the Almanac. Comparing those variables that calculated from the algorithm with the data from the Chinese Astronomical Almanac for the year 1985, it can be found that the biggest difference of the two ways is only 0.01°, 0.01° and 0.0001h respectively, which prove the accuracy of the algorithm indirectly. The measured data that only include elevation comes from Basic Data of Geography in China written by Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Comparing elevation given by the algorithm with the measured data, it shows that the algorithm can be accurate calculating the position of the sun in some extent. And the paper shows in detail the conversion from the local real solar time to Universal Time because the time in Basic Data of Geography in China is the local real solar time. Finally we notice that the 0.01° accuracy mentioned by other paper is not the accuracy of the elevation and azimuth of the sun, but the accuracy of the right ascension and declination. It's easy to understand why the difference of the results

  18. Almanac 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meier, Pascal; Franzen, Olaf; Lansky, Alexandra J

    2014-01-01

    Recent innovations in interventional cardiology have dramatically expanded the therapeutic options for patients with cardiac conditions. Interventional cardiology is no longer limited to the treatment of coronary artery disease but allows also treatment of valvular disease, stroke prevention, hyp...... strokes, and renal denervation for resistant hypertension. This review explains the basic principles of these procedures, the most important clinical evidence, and also provides additional recent clinical data on each of them....

  19. The Almanac.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Robert A.

    1983-01-01

    Modern revolutions, in all of their historical varieties and doctrines, perplex many of us. In the hopes of providing some elements for profitable reflection, 23 quotes from famous sources are provided. For example; "Every act of rebelling expresses a nostalgia for innocence" (Albert Camus). (NW)

  20. Parameterization of almanac crop simulation model for non-irrigated dry bean in semi-arid temperate areas in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Alma Delia Baez-Gonzalez; James R. Kiniry; Jose Saul Padilla Ramirez; Guillermo Medina Garcia; Jose Luis Ramos Gonzalez; Esteban Salvador Osuna Ceja

    2015-01-01

    Dry bean simulation models can be used to make management decisions when properly parameterized. This study aimed to parameterize the ALMANAC (Agricultural Land Management Alternatives with Numerical Assessment Criteria) crop simulation model for dry bean in the semi-arid temperate areas of Mexico. The parameterization process was based on data from two important non-irrigated dry bean fields in Mexico. The parameters were potential heat units (PHU), leaf area index (LAI) and harvest index (H...

  1. 2012-2013 CAUT Almanac of Post-Secondary Education in Canada = 2012-2013 Almanach de l'enseignement postsecondaire au Canada de l'ACPPU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In previous editions of the CAUT Almanac, data for provincial postsecondary education expenditures, total expenditures and university and college revenues and expenditures was reported from Statistics Canada's Financial Management System (FMS), which Statistics Canada last published for the 2008-2009 fiscal year. Statistics Canada will be adopting…

  2. Book review: "Astronomical almanac", 2016, vol. 62. Main Astronomical Observatory of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev. ISBN 978-966-02-7765-6,2015, 286 p.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidmachenko, A. P.

    2015-12-01

    The first part of the almanac gives the 2016 calendar, description of calendar systems used by various peoples in the world, ephemerides for the Sun, the Moon, and planets, moments of rising and setting for the Sun and the Moon, planetary configurations, the visibility of planets and Jupiter's satellites on the sky, some data on variable stars, comets, occultations of stars by the Moon and asteroids, meteor showers, eclipses, and other celestial phenomena. The second part informs us on the current state of investigations in some fields of astronomy, and gives some memorable dates in history of astronomy and cosmonautics. The almanac may be used as a handbook by specialists in astronomy and related sciences, by school teachers, students, pupils, amateur astronomers etc.

  3. The Dissolution of the Mexican-American Border and Redefinition of Chicano/a /Mexican Identity in Leslie Marmon Silko's Almanac of the Dead

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harding, David

    2006-01-01

    In Leslie Marmon Silko's Almanac of the Dead, notions of Mexican identity are deconstructed. This article analyzes how Silko, through a variety of characters and sub-plotlines, brings to the surface hidden tensions in the contsruction of Mexican identity through the melding of the sangre limpia o...... of the conquering Spanish and the subjugated indigenous peoples of Mexico. It explores the implications of apocolyptic consequences of a reawakening of indigenous identity among Mexicans living on both sides of the Mexican-US border....

  4. Interculturalidade e literatura de almanaques: o caso do almanaque Abril (1975-2006 - Interculturality and literature of almanacs: the case of almanaque Abril (1975-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus H. F. Pereira

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo No presente texto, procuramos refletir sobre a interculturalidade lançando o olhar para uma publicação que pode ser considerada um dos maiores sucessos editoriais do mercado brasileiro contemporâneo: o Almanaque Abril (1975-2006. Conforme mostraremos, a literatura de almanaque nos parece ser uma fonte privilegiada para a apreensão de certas “culturas híbridas”, uma vez que sua própria definição é caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palavras-chave: literatura de almanaques; hibridação; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALITY AND LITERATURE OF ALMANACS: THE CASE OF ALMANAQUE ABRIL (1975-2006 Abstract In this present text we want to reflect about the interculturality, analyzing one publication, the Almanaque Abril (1975-2006, that could be considered one of the most editorials success of Brazilian contemporary market, because it sold approximately 100 thousands almanacs per year, between 1975 and 2006. As we will say, the almanac literature seems to be a privileged source to get some "hybrid cultures", because this type of literature is for definition hybrid. Keywords: Almanac literature; hybridization; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALIDAD Y LITERATURA DE ALMANAQUES: EL CASO DEL ALMANAQUE ABRIL (1975-2006 Resumen En el presente texto, procuramos reflexionando sobre la interculturalidad lanzando una mirada para una publicación que puede ser considerada uno de los mayores sucesos editoriales del mercado brasilero contemporáneo: el Almanaque Abril (1975-2006. Conforme mostraremos, la literatura de almanaque nos parece ser una fuente privilegiada para la aprensión de ciertas “culturas híbridas”, una vez que su propia definición es caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palabras clave: literatura de almanaques; hibridación; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALITÉ ET LITTÉRATURE D’ALMANACH: LE CAS DE L’ALMANACH AVRIL (1975-2006 Résumé Dans cet texte, on a cherché à réfléchir à l’interculturalité tout en observant une

  5. Angelita La Escapía e a fotografia viva de Marx: feminismo e passados presentes em Almanac of the Dead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VILELA LÚCIA HELENA DE AZEVEDO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Análise de Almanac of the Dead à luz de teorias feministas e de uma perspectiva pós-moderna segundo a qual a noção de passados presentes é enfatizada através da exploração da metáfora da fotografia viva de Marx, mostrada no romance. A paixão da personagem Angelita pela fotografia de Marx é vista como uma forma de síntese entre a percepção indígena do tempo como eternos presentes - que é também resistência à opressão, uma vez que o passado não é jamais esquecido - e os conceitos marxistas de tempo e história.

  6. Angelita La Escapía e a fotografia viva de Marx: feminismo e passados presentes em Almanac of the Dead

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Análise de Almanac of the Dead à luz de teorias feministas e de uma perspectiva pós-moderna segundo a qual a noção de passados presentes é enfatizada através da exploração da metáfora da fotografia viva de Marx, mostrada no romance. A paixão da personagem Angelita pela fotografia de Marx é vista como uma forma de síntese entre a percepção indígena do tempo como eternos presentes - que é também resistência à opressão, uma vez que o passado não é jamais esquecido - e os conceitos marxistas de t...

  7. National Reconnaissance Almanac

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    span of five hours. Apr. 26: U.S.S.R. launched Zenit-2 under designator Kosmos 4, the first Soviet photoreconnaissance test satellite to orbit; it...The U.S.S.R. launched Zenit-2 ( Kosmos 7) which orbited for 10 days and provided Soviets with the first clear photorecon- naissance images from...23: NASA’s Lunar Orbiter 1 satellite took first pictures of Earth from the moon using Samos camera. 1967 Jun. 26: The U.S.S.R. launched Kosmos -189

  8. Almanac Songs and Singers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent

    2015-01-01

    ) effort against Fascism. Issues addressed herein will include assessing strategies in the practices of musical performers who have political agendas, investigating the usefulness of Guy Debord’s terminology of détournement ("turning expressions of the capitalist system and its media culture against itself...

  9. Almanac 2012: Interventional cardiology

    OpenAIRE

    Pascal Meier; Adam Timmis

    2013-01-01

    The field of interventional cardiology continues to progress quickly. The efficacy of percutaneous interventions with newer generation drug-eluting stents has advanced a lot over the last decade. This improvement in stent performance has broadened the level of indication towards more complex interventions such as left main and multi-vessel PCI. Major improvements continue in the field of medical co-therapy such as antiplatelet therapies (bivalirudin, prasugrel, and ticagrelor) and this will f...

  10. 简析美国《老农夫年鉴》的产业经营与创新%The Business Innovation of The Old Farmer’s Almanac

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书峰

    2015-01-01

    美国《老农夫年鉴》是世界上连续出版最久的年鉴。从1792起一直坚持每年连续出版,至今已有200多年的历史。本文介绍了美国《老农夫年鉴》在销售、广告、推广等方面的手段,研究了《老农夫年鉴》在产业经营方面的创新策略———多媒体发展、衍生产品开发以及品牌营销策略等,并结合中国年鉴的实际情况,提出打造名鉴、强鉴的产业经营策略。%The Old Farmer’s Almanac is the oldest continuously published periodical since 1792. The article introduces the retail, advertisement, and public relations of The Old Farmer’s Almanac, and studies its innovation strategy: multi-media de-velopment, derivative products and brand strategy. The article also suggests business strategy of Chinese almanacs and year-books.

  11. Almanac 2012, cell therapy in cardiovascular disease: The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel A. Jones

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The rapid translation from bench to bedside that has been seen in the application of regenerative medicine to cardiology has led to exciting new advances in our understanding of some of the fundamental mechanisms related to human biology. The first generation of cells used in phase I–II trials (mainly bone marrow mononuclear cells are now entering phase III clinical trials with the goal of producing a cell based therapeutics that can change the outcome of cardiac disease. First generation cell therapy appears to have addressed safety concerns as well as showing ‘activity’ in numerous published meta-analyses. With the knowledge gained to date, the field is moving towards the next generation of cells—the ‘engineered’ cell—that has been developed to display a phenotype that will further enhance the myocardial repair/salvage process. This almanac review covers the latest basic research that may soon have application to humans as well as the results of the latest clinical trials.

  12. Almanaque da Dengue: leituras e narrativas de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde Almanaque de Dengue: lecturas y narraciones de Agentes Comunitarios de Salud Dengue Almanac: readings and narratives of Community Health Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Maria Scherlowski Leal David

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se um estudo de leitura e apropriação como metodologia de aproximação ao universo narrativo de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS, usando um dispositivo de informação e comunicação - o Almanaque da Dengue (AD. O objetivo foi o de perceber as formas de construção e apropriação de saberes sobre dengue e saúde por parte dos ACS, além de avaliar a serventia do AD como um dispositivo info-comunicacional. Foram realizadas oficinas com agentes do Rio de Janeiro, com vistas à desconstrução e leitura relacional do AD. A análise das narrativas gerou três categorias temáticas: abundância informacional nos ciclos epidêmicos; culpabilização da vítima; contradições e ambiguidades no trabalho dos ACS como mediadores. O AD mostrou-se um instrumento útil na discussão e apropriação de informações sobre a saúde, devido ao caráter textual relacional e não linear dos seus conteúdos, e ao seu formato interativo e não impositivo de formulações sobre a dengue e saúde.Presentase un estudio de lectura y apropiación como método de acercamiento al universo narrativo de los agentes comunitarios de salud (ACS, utilizando un dispositivo de información y comunicación, el Almanaque de Dengue (AD. Objetivó-se ampliar la comprensión acerca de las formas de construcción y apropiación de conocimientos sobre dengue y salud, y evaluar el Almanac como un dispositivo info-comunicacional. La metodología cualitativa se desarrolló por medio de talleres con ACS de Río de Janeiro, para la deconstrucción y lectura relacional del AD. Los resultados se clasificaron en tres temas: la abundancia de información en ciclos epidémicos, culpa de la víctima, las contradicciones y ambigüedades en la labor de la ACS. El AD ha demostrado ser una herramienta útil para el debate y la propiedad de la información de salud, debido al carácter relacional y no lineal de su contenido y su formato interactivo, no prescriptivo sobre dengue y

  13. 生态价值和经济价值的取舍--读《沙乡年鉴》%Accept or reject of ecological value and economic value--read "A Sand County Almanac"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔芳芳

    2015-01-01

    利奥波德在《沙乡年鉴》里指出人在决策时往往都只看事物的经济价值,不看其生态价值。人类这种为了发展经济而牺牲生态的行为等于自掘坟墓。他在书中给予了批评,用“土地伦理”理念来解决生态失衡的问题,并明确了个体为生态群体可做的具体事情。%In the A Sand County Almanac ", Leopold points out that people in decision-making often only look at the economic value of things, from its ecological value. The human in order to develop the economy is ready to sacrifice the ecological behavior. In his book, he gave the criticism, with "land ethic" concept to solve the problem of ecological imbalance, and clear the individual for ecological groups to do specific things.

  14. Propaganda e crítica social nas cronologias dos almanaques astrológicos durante a Guerra Civil inglesa no século XVII Propaganda and social criticism in the chronologies of the astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in 17 th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Mesquita Hidalgo Ferreira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é parte de uma ampla investigação sobre a utilização dos almanaques astrológicos durante a Guerra Civil inglesa no século XVII como veículo de propaganda e crítica social. Durante esse conflito, havia astrólogos partidários das forças parlamentaristas, como John Booker, e outros partidários das forças realistas, como George Wharton. O presente trabalho analisa algumas dessas publicações, mostrando como o envolvimento político dos autores se manifestava de forma explícita (e, algumas vezes, não tão direta nos referidos almanaques.This article is part of an extensive investigation carried out concerning the use of astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in the 17th century as a medium for propaganda and social criticism. During that conflict there were astrologers who were partisans of the Parliament, such as John Booker, and other who supported the King, such as George Wharton. This work analyses some of those publications, showing that the political commitment of the authors was noticeable in an explicit form (and sometimes in an indirect way in those almanacs.

  15. Almanac 2013: cardiac arrhythmias and pacing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liew, Reginald

    2013-10-01

    Important advances have been made in the past few years in the fields of clinical cardiac electrophysiology and pacing. Researchers and clinicians have a greater understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying atrial fibrillation (AF), which has transpired into improved methods of detection, risk stratification, and treatments. The introduction of novel oral anticoagulants has provided clinicians with alternative options in managing patients with AF at moderate to high thromboembolic risk and further data has been emerging on the use of catheter ablation for the treatment of symptomatic AF. Another area of intense research in the field of cardiac arrhythmias and pacing is in the use of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) for the treatment of patients with heart failure. Following the publication of major landmark randomised controlled trials reporting that CRT confers a survival advantage in patients with severe heart failure and improves symptoms, many subsequent studies have been performed to further refine the selection of patients for CRT and determine the clinical characteristics associated with a favourable response. The field of sudden cardiac death and implantable cardioverter defibrillators also continues to be actively researched, with important new epidemiological and clinical data emerging on improved methods for patient selection, risk stratification, and management. This review covers the major recent advances in these areas related to cardiac arrhythmias and pacing.

  16. ANUARIO 2012: LA TERAPIA CELULAR EN LA ENFERMEDAD CARDIOVASCULAR. LAS REVISTAS DE LAS SOCIEDADES NACIONALES PRESENTAN UNA SELECCIÓN DE LAS INVESTIGACIONES QUE HAN IMPULSADO AVANCES RECIENTES EN CARDIOLOGÍA CLÍNICA / Almanac 2012: Cell Therapy in Cardiovascular Disease. The National Society Journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in Clinical Cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Mathur

    2013-01-01

    engineered´ cell-that have been developed to display a phenotype that will fur-ther enhance the myocardial repair/salvage process. This almanac review covers the latest basic research that may soon have application to humans as well as the results of the latest clinical trials.

  17. Cold War America, 1946 to 1990. Almanacs of American Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Ross

    This book offers an in-depth look at U.S. culture during a 45-year period when the threat of nuclear war loomed over millions worldwide, and post-World War II ideological tensions took form as an ever-deepening chasm separating two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. The book finds that the national and global societies that…

  18. Time References in US and UK Astronomical and Navigational Almanacs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    full text article. 2011 Metrologia 48 S195 (http://iopscience.iop.org/0026-1394/48/4/S10) Download details: IP Address: 138.162.8.58 The article was...ANSI Std Z39-18 IOP PUBLISHING METROLOGIA Metrologia 48 (2011) S195–S199 doi:10.1088/0026-1394/48/4/S10 Time references in US and UK astronomical and...barycentric ephemeris of the celestial body for which the apparent place is being calculated is TDB. Thus, a transformation is required so that S196 Metrologia

  19. The Bowker Annual: Library and Book Trade Almanac[TM], 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogart, Dave, Ed.

    This 46th edition of the "Bowker Annual" chronicles another year of rapid evaluation as the library and book trade worlds adapt to the many changes wrought by new technologies. Electronic information is now key to virtually every aspect of both industries, and decisions on its best presentation and organization offer constant challenges and…

  20. The Bowker Annual Library and Book Trade Almanac, 2002. 47th Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogart, Dave, Ed.

    This 47th edition is a compilation of practical information and informed analysis of interest to the library, information, and book trade worlds. The volume is divided into six parts. Part 1 includes six Special Reports, as well as reports on the year's activities from federal agencies, federal libraries, and national and international library and…

  1. Almanac 2011: Acute coronary syndromes. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Knight

    2012-03-01

    Cardiac rehabilitation is recommended for all patients with acute myocardial infarction but take-up rates are disappointing. Home-based programmes are effective and may be more acceptable for many patients. Evidence for the benefits of lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy for secondary prevention continues to accumulate but the argument for omega-3 fatty acid supplements is now hard to sustain following recent negative trials. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators for patients with severe myocardial infarction protect against sudden death but for primary prevention should be based on left ventricular ejection fraction measurements late (around 40 days after presentation, earlier deployment showing no mortality benefit.

  2. Almanac 2012: Cardiovascular risk scores. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill P. Pell

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Global risk scores use individual level information on non-modifiable risk factors (such as age, sex, ethnicity and family history and modifiable risk factors (such as smoking status and blood pressure to predict an individual’s absolute risk of an adverse event over a specified period of time in the future. Cardiovascular risk scores have two major uses in practice. First, they can be used to dichotomise people into a group whose baseline risk, and therefore potential absolute benefit, is sufficiently high to justify the costs and risks associated with an intervention (whether treatment or prevention and a group with a lower absolute risk to whom the intervention is usually denied. Second, they can be used to assess the effectiveness of an intervention (such as smoking cessation or antihypertensive treatment at reducing an individual’s risk of future adverse events. In this context, they can be helpful in informing patients, motivating them to change their lifestyle, and reinforcing the importance of continued compliance.

  3. Almanac 2011: Valvular heart disease. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Rosenhek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available With an ageing population and improved diagnostic modalities, the number of patients with valvular heart disease is dramatically increasing. We are faced with more complex decisions in patients with advanced age and increasing comorbidities. Advances in percutaneous valve interventions – like percutaneous aortic valve replacement and mitral valve repair – have revolutionised the way we manage such diseases. This overview highlights recent advances in the decision making – process and the management of patients with valvular heart disease.

  4. Plunkett's E-Commerce & Internet Business Almanac 2012 E-Commerce & Internet Business Industry Market Research, Statistics, Trends & Leading Companies

    CERN Document Server

    Plunkett, Jack W

    2012-01-01

    Market research guide to the e-commerce and Internet business-a tool for strategic planning, competitive intelligence, employment searches or financial research. Contains trends analysis, globalization, trade, statistical tables and an industry glossary. Includes our profiles of nearly 450 top e-commerce and internet industry firms, featuring addresses, phone numbers and executive names.

  5. Almanac 2012: interventional cardiology. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meier Pascal

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The field of interventional cardiology continues to progress quickly. The efficacy of percutaneous interventions with newer generation drug-eluting stents has advanced a lot over the last decade. This improvement in stent performance has broadened the level of indication towards more complex interventions such as left main and multivessel PCI. Major improvements continue in the field of medical co-therapy such as antiplatelet therapies (bivalirudin, prasugrel, ticagrelor and this will further improve outcomes of PCI. The same is true for intravascular imaging such as ultrasound IVUS and optical coherence tomography OCT. However, interventional cardiology has become a rather broad field, also including alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, etc. At the moment, the fastest growing area is the structural interventions, especially for aortic valve stenosis (transcatheter aortic valve implantation TAVI and for mitral regurgitation (mitral clipping.This review covers recent advances in all these different fields of interventional cardiology.

  6. Almanac 2012 adult cardiac surgery: The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Bridgewater

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This review covers the important publications in adult cardiac surgery in the last few years, including the current evidence base for surgical revascularisation and the use of off-pump surgery, bilateral internal mammary arteries and endoscopic vein harvesting. The changes in conventional aortic valve surgery are described alongside the outcomes of clinical trials and registries for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, and the introduction of less invasive and novel approaches of conventional aortic valve replacement surgery. Surgery for mitral valve disease is also considered, with particular reference to surgery for asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation.

  7. Almanac 2011: acute coronary syndromes. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Charles J; Timmis, Adam D

    2011-12-01

    This overview highlights some recent advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment of acute coronary syndromes. The sheer volume of new studies reflects the robust state of global cardiovascular research but the focus here is on findings that are of most interest to the practising cardiologist. Incidence and mortality rates for myocardial infarction are in decline, probably owing to a combination of lifestyle changes, particularly smoking cessation, and improved pharmacological and interventional treatment. Troponins remain central for diagnosis and new high-sensitivity assays are further lowering detection thresholds and improving outcomes. The incremental diagnostic value of other circulating biomarkers remains unclear and for risk stratification simple clinical algorithms such as the GRACE score have proved more useful. Primary PCI with minimal treatment delay is the most effective reperfusion strategy in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Radial access is associated with less bleeding than with the femoral approach, but outcomes appear similar. Manual thrombectomy limits distal embolisation and infarct size while drug-eluting stents reduce the need for further revascularisation procedures. Non-culprit disease is best dealt with electively as a staged procedure after primary PCI has been completed. The development of antithrombotic and antiplatelet regimens for primary PCI continues to evolve, with new indications for fondaparinux and bivalirudin as well as small-molecule glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa inhibitors. If timely primary PCI is unavailable, fibrinolytic treatment remains an option but a strategy of early angiographic assessment is recommended for all patients. Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(NSTEMI) is now the dominant phenotype and out-comes after the acute phase are significantly worse than for STEMI. Many patients with NSTEMI remain undertreated and there is a large body of recent work seeking to define the most effective antithrombotic and antiplatelet regimens for this group of patients.The benefits of early invasive treatment for most patients are not in dispute but optimal timing remains unresolved. Cardiac rehabilitation is recommended for all patients with acute myocardial infarction but take-up rates are disappointing. Home-based programmes are effective and may be more acceptable for many patients. Evidence for the benefits of lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy for secondary prevention continues to accumulate but the argument for omega-3 fatty acid supplements is now hard to sustain following recent negative trials. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators for patients with severe myocardial infarction protect against sudden death but for pri-mary prevention should be based on left ventricular ejection fraction measurements late (around 40 days)after presentation, earlier deployment showing no mortality benefit.

  8. Almanac 2013: cardiac arrhythmias and pacing--an editorial overview of selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liew, Reginald

    2014-04-01

    Important advances have been made in the past few years in the fields of clinical cardiac electrophysiology and pacing. Researchers and clinicians have a greater understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying atrial fibrillation (AF), which has transpired into improved methods of detection, risk stratification, and treatments. The introduction of novel oral anticoagulants has provided clinicians with alternative options in managing patients with AF at moderate to high thromboembolic risk and further data has been emerging on the use of catheter ablation for the treatment of symptomatic AF. Another area of intense research in the field of cardiac arrhythmias and pacing is in the use of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) for the treatment of patients with heart failure. Following the publication of major landmark randomised controlled trials reporting that CRT confers a survival advantage in patients with severe heart failure and improves symptoms, many subsequent studies have been performed to further refine the selection of patients for CRT and determine the clinical characteristics associated with a favourable response. The field of sudden cardiac death and implantable cardioverter defibrillators also continues to be actively researched, with important new epidemiological and clinical data emerging on improved methods for patient selection, risk stratification, and management.This review covers the major recent advances in these areas related to cardiac arrhythmias and pacing.

  9. Proceedings of the Nautical Almanac Office Sesquicentennial Symposium Held in Washington, The District of Columbia on March 3-4, 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-03-01

    4, 7, and 41. 9 10 DEDICATION TO LEROY E. DOGGETT LeRoy died on 16 April 1996. He had been fighting cancer since the previous November, but had been...citizenship of the world of my childish dreams and youthful aspirations, from one frosty morning in January, 1857, when I took my seat before a blazing

  10. Interculturalidade e literatura de almanaques: o caso do almanaque Abril (1975-2006) - Interculturality and literature of almanacs: the case of almanaque Abril (1975-2006)

    OpenAIRE

    Mateus H. F. Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Resumo No presente texto, procuramos refletir sobre a interculturalidade lançando o olhar para uma publicação que pode ser considerada um dos maiores sucessos editoriais do mercado brasileiro contemporâneo: o Almanaque Abril (1975-2006). Conforme mostraremos, a literatura de almanaque nos parece ser uma fonte privilegiada para a apreensão de certas “culturas híbridas”, uma vez que sua própria definição é caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palavras-chave: literatura de almanaques; hibridação; Alma...

  11. Almanac 2012: Cell therapy in cardiovascular disease. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    OpenAIRE

    Jones A. Daniel; Choudry Fizzah; Mathur Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The rapid translation from bench to bedside that has been seen in the application of regenerative medicine to cardiology has led to exciting new advances in our understanding of some of the fundamental mechanisms related to human biology. The first generation of cells used in phase I-II trials (mainly bone marrow mononuclear cells) are now entering phase III clinical trials with the goal of producing a cell based therapeutic that can change the outcome of cardiac disease. First generation cel...

  12. Ben Franklin. [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Discovery Communications, Inc., Bethesda, MD.

    Based on Benjamin Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Ben Franklin is known, among other things, for his wit and wisdom; that Franklin published an almanac for 25 years; and he scattered aphorisms throughout the almanac. The main activity in the lesson is for students…

  13. 50 CFR 660.131 - Pacific whiting fishery management measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of the 100 fathom (183 m) contour (as shown on NOAA Charts 18580, 18600, and 18620) in the Eureka... Charts 18580, 18600, and 18620) in the Eureka management area (defined at § 660.11, subpart C). (e) At... Nautical Almanac issued annually by the Nautical Almanac Office, U.S. Naval Observatory, and available...

  14. ANUARIO 2012: CARDIOLOGÍA INTERVENCIONISTA. LAS REVISTAS DE LAS SOCIEDADES NACIONALES PRESENTAN UNA SELECCIÓN DE LAS INVESTIGACIONES QUE HAN IMPULSADO AVANCES RECIENTES EN CARDIOLOGÍA CLÍNICA / Almanac 2012: Interventional Cardiology. The National Society Journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in Clinical Cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Meier

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El campo de la cardiología intervencionista sigue avanzando rápidamente. La eficacia de las intervenciones percutáneas con las nuevas generaciones de stents liberadores de fármacos ha avanzado mucho en la última década. Esta mejora en el rendimiento del stent ha ampliado el nivel de indicación hacia intervenciones más complejas tales como intervencionismo del tronco coronario izquierdo y de múltiples vasos. En el campo del tratamiento médico coadyuvante continúan los grandes avances, como lo es el tratamiento antiplaquetario (bivalirudina, prasugrel, ticagrelor que mejorará aún más los resultados del intervencionismo coronario percutáneo. Lo mismo ocurre para la imagenología intravascular como es el caso del ultrasonido intravascular y la tomografía de coherencia óptica. Sin embargo, la cardiología intervencionista se ha convertido en un campo bastante amplio, que incluye también la ablación septal con alcohol para la miocardiopatía hipertrófica obstructiva, etc. En la actualidad, las intervenciones estructurales constituyen el área de mayor crecimiento, sobre todo para la estenosis válvular aórtica (implantación de válvula aórtica transcatéter y la regurgitación mitral (clipping mitral. En esta revisión se tratan los avances recientes en todos estos diferentes campos de la cardiología intervencionista / Abstract: The field of interventional cardiology continues to progress quickly. The efficacy of percutaneous interventions with newer generation drug-eluting stents has advanced a lot over the last decade. This improvement in stent performance has broadened the level of indication towards more complex interventions such as left main and multi-vessel PCI. Major improvements continue in the field of medical co-therapy such as antiplatelet therapies (bivalirudin, prasugrel, ticagrelor and this will further improve outcomes of PCI. The same is true for intravascular imaging such as ultrasound IVUS and optical coherence tomography OCT. However, interventional cardiology has become a rather broad field, also including alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, etc. At the moment, the fastest growing area is the structural interventions, especially for aortic valve stenosis (transcatheter aortic valve implantation TAVI and for mitral regurgitation (mitral clipping. This review covers recent advances in all these different fields of interventional cardiology.

  15. ANUARIO 2012: CIRUGÍA CARDÍACA EN ADULTOS. LAS REVISTAS DE LAS SOCIEDADES NACIONALES PRESENTAN UNA SELECCIÓN DE LAS INVESTIGACIONES QUE HAN IMPULSADO AVANCES RECIENTES EN CARDIOLOGÍA CLÍNICA / Almanac 2012: Adult cardiac surgery. The National Society Journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in Clinical Cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Bridgewater

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Esta revisión abarca las más importantes publicaciones sobre cirugía cardíaca en adultos en los últimos años, incluida la base de la evidencia actual para la revascularización quirúrgica y el uso de la cirugía sin circulación extracorpórea, las arterias mamarias internas bilaterales y la extracción endoscópica de la vena. Se describen los cambios en la cirugía convencional de la válvula aórtica junto a los resultados de los ensayos clínicos y los registros para la implantación de válvula aórtica transcatéter, así como la introducción de métodos novedosos y menos cruentos de la cirugía convencional de reemplazo valvular aórtico. Se considera también la cirugía para la valvulopatía mitral, con énfasis en la cirugía para la insuficiencia mitral degenerativa asintomática. / Abstract This review covers the important publications in adult cardiac surgery in the last few years, including the current evidence base for surgical revascularisation and the use of off-pump surgery, bilateral internal mammary arteries and endoscopic vein harvesting. The changes in conventional aortic valve surgery are described alongside the outcomes of clinical trials and registries for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, and the introduction of less invasive and novel approaches of conventional aortic valve replacement surgery. Surgery for mitral valve disease is also considered, with particular reference to surgery for asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation.

  16. Economic Tyranny and Huaman Liberation——Marx's approach during the period of German-French Almanac%消除“经济暴政”实现人类解放——论《德法年鉴》时期马克思的思想飞跃

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正球

    2001-01-01

    通过对《德法年鉴》时期马克思关于“经济暴政”的现象、根源以及消灭“经济暴政”、实现“人类解放”的途径和力量的思想的分析,揭示了“经济暴政”问题对马克思由革命民主主义转变为共产主义、创立历史唯物主义的意义及现实价值。

  17. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Sources primaires Chine Almanac of China ’s Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, The Editorial Board of the Almanac of China’s Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, China Economics Publishing House Economie Information & Agency, Beijing,1993-2001. Puis Yearbook of China’s foreign economic relations and trade 2001,Beijing, China Foreign Economie Relations and Trade Publishing House,2002-2003. « Bishkek Statement », Xinhua Domestic Service dans FBIS-CHI-1999-0826, 25August 1999. « Déclaration ...

  18. Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles and Commercial Satellites: ’The Missing Link’

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-01

    the 2nd Annual Space Policy and Architecture Symposium, Crystal City Marriot Hotel Arlington Va, 11 Feb 97, 2. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. 4 General Thomas S... Marriot Hotel Arlington Va, 11 Feb 97. 2. Long, Mark. The 1992/1993 World Satellite Almanac. Mark Long. Third Edition. Winter Beach Florida: MLE INC

  19. The Determination of Physician Staffing Mix at Bayne-Jones Army Community Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-17

    Cherner , 1991) and the National Center for Health Statistics (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services EDHHSJ, 1991) wan used for this specialty...physician requirements. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, Summer, 299-320. Silver & Cherner , Limited. (1990). The Universal Healthcare Almanac. Pheonix, AZ

  20. Putting History at the Core: History and Literature in Environmental Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morse, Kathryn

    2003-01-01

    When environmental studies programs broaden their curricular offerings into the humanities, their first stop is often environmental literature, particularly classics such as Henry David Thoreau's "Walden," Aldo Leopold's "A Sand County Almanac," and Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring." Environmental literature courses consider many of the works of…

  1. Proceedings of the Space Surveillance Workshop (11th) Held in Lexington, Massachusetts on 30 March-1 April 1993. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    the wavelength (k) at which the radiation distribution is at a maximum can be calculated using Wien’s displacement law ( Tipler , p. 103): 2898 T...Inc., 1982. 2. Long, Mark. World Satellite Almanac. Indianapolis, Indiana: Howard W. Sams & Company, 1987. 3. Tipler , Paul A. Modern Physics. Rochester

  2. Domestic Resistance: Gardening, Mothering, and Storytelling in Leslie Marmon Silko's "Gardens in the Dunes"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Stephanie

    2009-01-01

    Leslie Marmon Silko began her most recent work, "Gardens in the Dunes" (1999), intending to write a novel that would not be political. Following the publication of "Almanac of the Dead" (1992), which was simultaneously hailed as one of the most important books of the twentieth century and condemned for its angry self-righteousness, Silko…

  3. African-American Biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ron

    1995-01-01

    Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac,"…

  4. Into the Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Provides fully developed library media activities that are designed to be used with specific curriculum units. Highlights include elementary school activities for reading and language arts (using the "World Almanac," identifying a story's sequence of events, and using autobiographies); science (causes of wind and learning about squirrels); and…

  5. Understanding Dispute Resolution Techniques--A Key to Effective Federal Service Labor-Management Relations: A Primer for Military Commanders, Management Officials and Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    and tend to make unreasonable demands. 52 5 2 R. Theodore Clark, Jr., "Public Employee Strikes: Some Proposed Solutions," Labor Law Journal, (February...Some Proposed Solutions." Labor Law Journal, February 1972, pp. 118-119. "Congress Approves Civil Service Reforms." Congressional Quarterly Almanac

  6. CD-ROMs: Volumes of Books on a Single 4 3/4-Inch Disk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angle, Melanie

    1992-01-01

    Summarizes the storage capacity, advantages, disadvantages, hardware configurations, and costs of CD-ROMs. Several available titles are described, including "Books in Print," literature study guides, the works of Shakespeare, a historical almanac of "Time Magazine" articles, a scientific dictionary and encyclopedia, and a…

  7. The Fate of a Migrant Language in Northern France (1880-1914): Flemish in Song Repertoire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Declercq, Elien; D'hulst, Lieven

    2010-01-01

    New research on the history of nineteenth-century Flemish migration into the North of France shows ample evidence of a complex pattern of transfer procedures taking place between the source and target cultures, both via institutions such as newspapers, magazines and associations and via practices such as popular theatre, almanacs and songs. The…

  8. On a Crowded Desert Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothstein, Samuel

    1989-01-01

    Suggests reference sources most appropriate for a desert island. In addition to "Robinson Crusoe" (Daniel Defoe) and a reference guide to the literature of travel, the list includes basic books on reference work, guides to reference sources, journals, an almanac, encyclopedias, a guide to English usage, and a book of quotations. (14 references)…

  9. FCJ-183 iHootenanny: A Folk Archeology of Social Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Adam Svec

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper excavates two models of communication that can be found littered across the intertwining histories of folk revivalism and digital culture in the United States. First I examine the Hootenanny, initially a form of rent party made popular in New York City in the 1940s by the group the Almanac Singers, which constituted a complex site of convergence of a range interests, styles, media, and performance genres. Second, I explore how the utopian vision of a community joined in song has been taken up recently by ‘social music’ iPhone apps made by the developer Smule. I will ultimately consider how the mediation idealised by the Almanacs has trickled down to a narcissistic will-to-be-‘in touch’ in mainstream digital culture, making the Hootenanny a virtual path untaken in the history of mobile communication.

  10. An Ecological Probe into Land Ethics by Aldo Leopold

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白虎跃

    2015-01-01

    Aldo Leopold has gained considerable repute as the initiator of eco-conservationism and been globally known as the father of American wilderness governance."Land ethics",which possesses paramount importance to eco-systems,is brought forth in his Sand Country Almanac.This thesis mainly touches upon the engendering,contents and significance of the thoughts to nowadays society by means of which the contemporary values of ecological civilization embodied in"land ethics"can be concluded provokingly.

  11. An Ecological Probe into Land Ethics by Aldo Leopold

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白虎跃

    2015-01-01

    Aldo Leopold has gained considerable repute as the initiator of eco-conservationism and been globally known as the father of American wilderness governance.“Land ethics”,which possesses paramount importance to eco-systems,is brought forth in his Sand Country Almanac.This thesis mainly touches upon the engendering,contents and significance of the thoughts to nowadays society by means of which the contemporary values of ecological civilization embodied in“land ethics”can be concluded provokingly.

  12. Sigüenza y Gongora, Carlos de (1645-1700)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Spanish colonial astronomer, born in Mexico City, became professor of astrology at the university but seems strongly to have opposed astrology and, in 1681, wrote on comets to calm fears aroused by the one of 1680-1. Appointed by decree of Charles II of Spain as royal cosmographer, he mapped New Spain, Mexico and Pensacola Bay and determined the longitude of Mexico City. He published almanacs and...

  13. Evidencias de agroastronomía entre los antiguos mayas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Milbrath

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on an Postclassic Maya agricultural almanac in the Madrid Codex (12b-18b, which seems to show a registry of eclipses integraed with observations of Venus in the context of a 260-day calendar (Tzolkin. Using the dates of eclipses visibles in Yucatán, it is posible to date the events between 1452 and 1492, contemporary with the use of the codex.

  14. Evidencias de agroastronomía entre los antiguos mayas

    OpenAIRE

    Susan Milbrath

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on an Postclassic Maya agricultural almanac in the Madrid Codex (12b-18b), which seems to show a registry of eclipses integraed with observations of Venus in the context of a 260-day calendar (Tzolkin). Using the dates of eclipses visibles in Yucatán, it is posible to date the events between 1452 and 1492, contemporary with the use of the codex.

  15. A novel assistance data processing method for AGPS location system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEI Jian-jun; XIA Ying; Haeyoung Bae

    2007-01-01

    A method for efficiently transmitting location assistance information to an MS (mobile station) over a control channel with minimal impact on the capacity of the control channel. A location server provides a difference between satellite positions that have been computed using Almanac data and Ephemeris data. Sending only the difference between the positions and satellite clock corrections computed using the two different data types. The total amount of information to be transmitted to a MS is significantly reduced. Furthermore, by providing rate of change information, the method allows the location assistance information to remain valid for a relatively long time after it has been received by the MS.

  16. Error Minimization of Polynomial Approximation of Delta

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Islam Sana; Sadiq Muhammad; Qureshi Muhammad Shahid

    2008-09-01

    The difference between Universal time (UT) and Dynamical time (TD), known as Delta ( ) is tabulated for the first day of each year in the Astronomical Almanac. During the last four centuries it is found that there are large differences between its values for two consecutive years. Polynomial approximations have been developed to obtain the values of for any time of a year for the period AD 1620 to AD 2000 (Meeu 2000) as no dynamical theories describe the variations in . In this work, a new set of polynomials for is obtained for the period AD 1620 to AD 2007 that is found to produce better results compared to previous attempts.

  17. Maximilian Hell and the Northernmost Transit of Venus Expedition of 1769

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botez, E.

    2004-12-01

    A short biography of the Jesuit astronomer Maximilian Hell (1720-1792), founder and director of the Astronomical Observatory in Vienna and editor of the Viennese Astronomical Almanac is presented. He was the leader of the expedition to Vardö Island for observing the transit of Venus of 1769. The journey of the participants, the preparations for observing the important phenomenon and its successful observations are described. Hell's scientific merits won him the membership in several European Academies, and his name is found on the lunar maps.

  18. Tooling for War: Military Transformation in the Industrial Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Brassey’s, 1993. 6 vols. Ref U 24 .158 1993. Dupuy, Trevor N., Grace P. Hayes, and John A. C. Andrews. The Almanac of World Military Power. 4th ed...4 Weiss, John H. TechnolOqV and Social History. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1971. Z 7914 .T25 W43. bib. Williams, Marilyn, et al. The Future. Part II...Robert L. Pfaltzqraff Jr., et al. Lexington: Heath, 1988. 13- 34. U 42 .E48 1988. Katzenbach , Edward L. "Tradition and Technological Change

  19. Air and Space Power Journal. Volume 17, Number 3, Fall 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    America.24 CONAE had already partici pated with NASA in the development of the Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientifico (SAC) microsatellites as a space...43. Allen, “China and the Use of Force,” 40. Although the specific reference is to F-6s and F-7s, this could just as readily apply to the B- 5s and B...6s of the PLAAF bomber force. The PLAAF evidently has about 150 B- 5s (being retired) and 120 B-6s. See “World Defense Almanac,” 301. 44. The PLAAF

  20. "¡Todos Somos Indios!" Revolutionary Imagination, Alternative Modernity, and Transnational Organizing in the Work of Silko, Tamez, and Anzaldúa

    OpenAIRE

    Adamson, Joni

    2012-01-01

    This essay builds on Shari Huhndorf’s analysis of the “significant implications” of Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead for Indigenous Studies by setting the novel into the context of María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo’s analysis of how Zapatista organizing activities in Chiapas, Mexico, reshaped the “revolutionary imagination in the Americas” and helped to construct an “alternative modernity” that disrupts the empty signifier of “authentic” indigenous identity. The essay juxtaposes Silko’...

  1. Colonial American Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeomans, Donald K.

    2007-12-01

    While a foundation of German scientific methods enabled the rapid growth of North American Astronomy in the nineteenth century, during the seventeenth and most of the eighteenth centuries, the colonial men of science looked only to the English mother country for scientific patronage and guidance. An essay on fundamental astronomy appeared in one of the annual colonial almanacs as early as 1656, telescopic observations were made about 1660 and the first original colonial astronomical work was published by Thomas Danforth on the comet of 1664. By 1671 the Copernican ideas were so espoused at Harvard College that a physics class refused to read a Ptolemaic textbook when it was assigned to them by a senior instructor. At least in the Cambridge-Boston area, contemporary colonialist had access to the most recent scientific publications from the mother country. Observations of the great comet of 1680 by the Almanac maker, John Foster, reached Isaac Newton and were used and gratefully acknowledged in his Principia. During the seventeenth century the colonial interest in astronomy was more intense than it was for other sciences but colonists still occupied a position in the scientific backwater when compared with contemporary European scientists. Nevertheless, the science of astronomy was successfully transplanted from England to North America in the seventeenth century.

  2. Verification of the Calendar Days of the Joseon Dynasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ki-Won; Ahn, Young Sook; Mihn, Byeong-Hee

    2012-08-01

    Astronomical data making such as forming a calendar, period of day, determining the time of rising/setting of the sun and the onset of twilight are essential in our daily lives. Knowing the calendar day of the past is particularly crucial for studying the history of a clan or a nation. To verify previous studies in the calendar day of the Joseon dynasty (1392 -- 1910), we investigate the sexagenary cycle of the new moon day (i.e., the first day in a lunar month) by using sources such as results of the calculations using the Datong calendar (a Chinese Calendar of the Ming Dynasty) and the data of Baekjungryeok (a Perpetual Calendar; literally, a one hundred-year almanac). Compared with the study of Ahn et al., we find that as many as 17 sexagenary cycles show discrepancies. In the cases of nine discrepancies, we find that the sexagenary cycles of this study are identical to those of the almanacs at that time. In addition, we study five sexagenary cycles by using the historical accounts of Joseon Wangjo Sillok (Annals of the Joseon Dynasty), Seungjeongwon Ilgi (Daily Reports of Royal Secretariat), Chungung Ilgi (Logs of Crown Prince), and so forth. For the remaining discrepancies, we present historical literature supporting the results of this study. This study will greatly contribute to the identification of the lunisolar calendar days during the Joseon dynasty as the dates of the modern (i.e., Gregorian) calendar.

  3. O Sentido de "Estranho" em Leslie Silko e Kaka Werá Jecupé: Identidades Culturais, Deslocamento e Terra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Helena Azevedo Vilela

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Análise da narrativa da trajetória pessoal de personagens que revelam sua perplexidade enquanto sujeitos indígenas diante de experiências de deslocamentos forçados e perda da ligação com a terra e com o lar. O estudo é realizado à luz do conceito de “estranho” ou estranhamento de Homi Bhabha e focaliza a personagem revolucionária, Angelita La Ecapía, em Almanac of the Dead, e o narrador de Todas as vezes que dissemos adeus. O texto procura enfatizar elementos que fazem emergir a força política da narrativa ao revelarem que luta pelo espaço entre fronteiras e diversas esferas de ação ocasiona sentimentos contraditórios e muitas vezes traumáticos para os sujeitos em questão.

  4. Fusion of Onboard Sensors for Better Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Shankar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents simulation results of navigation sensors such as integrated navigation system (INS, global navigation satellite system (GNSS and TACAN sensors onboard an aircraft to find the navigation solutions. Mathematical models for INS, GNSS (GPS satellite trajectories, GPS receiver and TACAN characteristics are simulated in Matlab. The INS simulation generates the output for position, velocity and attitude based on aerosond dynamic model. The GPS constellation is generated based on the YUMA almanac data. The GPS dilution of precession (DOP parameters are calculated and the best combination of four satellites (minimum PDOP is used for calculating the user position and velocity. The INS, GNSS, and TACAN solutions are integrated through loosely coupled extended Kalman filter for calculating the optimum navigation solution. The work is starting stone for providing aircraft based augmentation system for required navigation performance in terms of availability, accuracy, continuity and integrity.

  5. Danish TV Christmas calendars: Folklore, myth and cultural history

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2013-01-01

    This article aims at characterizing the Danish Christmas calendar as a TV institution and a meeting place for the traditions of the almanac, folklore and the history of culture. Against the background of a brief outline of the history of Danish Christmas calendars, the article explores ways...... in which this traditional genre has succeeded in renewing itself. The so-called Pyrus series, TV 2’s Christmas calendars during the mid-1990s, exhibited folklore, myth and cultural history in a combination of entertainment and information. They were succeeded by calendars such as Jul i Valhal....../‘Christmas in Valhalla’ (2005), Absalons hemmelighed/‘The Secret of Absalon’ (2006), Mikkel og guldkortet/‘Mikkel and the Golden Card’ (2008) and Pagten/‘The Covenant’ (2009). Some of these added cultural criticism to the repertoire of the genre....

  6. Electricity, water, and natural gas consumption of a residential house in Canada from 2012 to 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makonin, Stephen; Ellert, Bradley; Bajić, Ivan V; Popowich, Fred

    2016-06-07

    With the cost of consuming resources increasing (both economically and ecologically), homeowners need to find ways to curb consumption. The Almanac of Minutely Power dataset Version 2 (AMPds2) has been released to help computational sustainability researchers, power and energy engineers, building scientists and technologists, utility companies, and eco-feedback researchers test their models, systems, algorithms, or prototypes on real house data. In the vast majority of cases, real-world datasets lead to more accurate models and algorithms. AMPds2 is the first dataset to capture all three main types of consumption (electricity, water, and natural gas) over a long period of time (2 years) and provide 11 measurement characteristics for electricity. No other such datasets from Canada exist. Each meter has 730 days of captured data. We also include environmental and utility billing data for cost analysis. AMPds2 data has been pre-cleaned to provide for consistent and comparable accuracy results amongst different researchers and machine learning algorithms.

  7. Van Gogh's Starry Nights, Lincoln's Moon, Shakespeare's Stars, and More: Tales of Astronomy in Art, History, and Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Donald

    2009-10-01

    How do astronomical methods make it possible to calculate dates and times for Vincent van Gogh's night-sky paintings? Why is there a blood-red sky in Edvard Munch's The Scream? On what dates did Ansel Adams create his moonrise photographs in Yosemite? How can the 18.6-year cycle of the lunar nodes and the Moon's declination on the night of August 29-30, 1857, explain a long-standing mystery about Abraham Lincoln's honesty in the murder case known as the almanac trial? Why is a bright star described in Act 1, Scene 1, of Hamlet? To answer questions like these, our Texas State group has published a series of articles over the last two decades, applying astronomy to art, history, and literature.

  8. Electricity, water, and natural gas consumption of a residential house in Canada from 2012 to 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makonin, Stephen; Ellert, Bradley; Bajić, Ivan V.; Popowich, Fred

    2016-06-01

    With the cost of consuming resources increasing (both economically and ecologically), homeowners need to find ways to curb consumption. The Almanac of Minutely Power dataset Version 2 (AMPds2) has been released to help computational sustainability researchers, power and energy engineers, building scientists and technologists, utility companies, and eco-feedback researchers test their models, systems, algorithms, or prototypes on real house data. In the vast majority of cases, real-world datasets lead to more accurate models and algorithms. AMPds2 is the first dataset to capture all three main types of consumption (electricity, water, and natural gas) over a long period of time (2 years) and provide 11 measurement characteristics for electricity. No other such datasets from Canada exist. Each meter has 730 days of captured data. We also include environmental and utility billing data for cost analysis. AMPds2 data has been pre-cleaned to provide for consistent and comparable accuracy results amongst different researchers and machine learning algorithms.

  9. GPS自主完好性监测可用性预测系统的设计%Design of GPS Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Availability Prediction System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟钢

    2014-01-01

    The GPS Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Availability Prediction System calculates the RAIM availability of GPS satellites ahead, and can serve in the airport. The prediction system utilizes the GPS satellites almanac, the NANU message, the NOTAM message, and airport information to predict GPS satellites RAIM availability. The prediction system has exact forecast result, and easy to engineering application.%GPS自主完好性监测可用性预测系统提前计算GPS卫星的RAIM可用性,可以为机场服务。该预测系统使用GPS卫星历书、NANU报、NOTAM报和机场信息对GPS卫星的RAIM可用性进行预测。该预测系统的预测结果准确,易于工程应用。

  10. Processos de inserção de analfabetos e semi-alfabetizados no mundo da cultura escrita (1930-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Galvão de Oliveira

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is part of a broader research effort that aims to (reconstruct the reading/listening public of “cordel” literature, between 1930 and 1950, in the State of Pernambuco, north-eastern Brazil. In particular, it has the objective of identifying how was the insertion of illiterate or semi-illiterate people in literacy practices. The “ABC letters”, school textbooks, comic books, police novels and almanacs were the most popular readings of the majority of the public investigated in the research. Some factors seem to contribute for the diversity of forms of contact with the objects of the lettered culture world and their usage, among them, the urban experience, gender, professional occupation and the basic domain of reading ability.

  11. [Attention and physical presence: expressive dimensions and the dialogical practice of nursing care according to the perpective of the hospitalized client].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Barcelos, Luisa Maria da Silva; Alvim, Neide Aparecida Titonelli

    2006-01-01

    Qualitative study, discusses the attention and the physical presence as the fundamental care in the dialogical relation between the client living with AIDS and the hospital nursing, using concepts of expressive activities and human care, according to Watson and dialogue, according to Freire. Five persons participated with internment experience, under ambulatory follow up in a hospital of Rio de Janeiro city. It used the triangulation techniques: almanac, semi-structured interview and participant observation. It showed the importance of the valorization of that is necessary and of interest of the client from the attention and the physical presence as essential requirements in the human care, expressed in the dialogical experience and in the participation of the client in the whole care process.

  12. Daytime Celestial Navigation for the Novice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Philip M.; Night, Christopher

    2010-03-01

    What kinds of astronomical lab activities can high school and college astronomy students carry out easily in daytime? The most impressive is the determination of latitude and longitude from observations of the Sun. The ``shooting of a noon sight'' and its ``reduction to a position'' grew to become a daily practice at the start of the 19th century1 following the perfection of the marine chronometer by John Harrison and its mass production.2 This technique is still practiced by navigators in this age of GPS. Indeed, the U.S. Coast Guard exams for ocean-going licenses include celestial navigation.3 These techniques continue to be used by the military and by private sailors as a backup to all-too-fallible and jammable electronic navigation systems. A sextant, a nautical almanac,4 special sight reduction tables,5 and involved calculations are needed to determine position to the nearest mile using the Sun, Moon, stars, or planets. Yet, finding latitude and longitude to better than 30 miles from measurements of the Sun's altitude is easily within the capability of those taking astronomy or physics for the first time by applying certain basic principles. Moreover, it shows a practical application of astronomy in use the world over. The streamlined method described here takes advantage of the similar level of accuracy of its three components: 1.Observations using a homemade quadrant6 (instead of a sextant), 2. Student-made graphs of the altitude of the Sun over a day7 (replacing lengthy calculation using sight reduction tables), and 3. An averaged 20-year analemma used to find the Sun's navigational coordinates8,9 (rather than the 300+ page Nautical Almanac updated yearly).

  13. Obituary: Alan D. Fiala (1942-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, George

    2011-12-01

    Dr. Alan Dale Fiala, astronomer and expert on solar eclipses, died on May 26, 2010 in Arlington, Virginia, of respiratory failure after a brief illness. He was 67. Fiala had been a staff astronomer at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., for his entire professional career, where he rose from a position as a summer intern to become the Chief of the Nautical Almanac Office, responsible for annual publications for astronomy and navigation that are used the world over. He retired from the observatory in 2000. Although a childhood case of polio affected his mobility for the rest of his life, he seldom let his physical constraints limit his activities, which were many and varied. Alan Fiala was born in Beatrice, Nebraska on November 9, 1942, the middle son of Emil A. ("John") and Lora Marie Fiala. Fiala's father was a postal clerk and Civil Service examiner. Fiala expressed interest in astronomy at a very young age. He contracted polio when he was 9. He graduated from Beatrice High School in 1960 with a straight-A average and went on to study at Carleton College. He received his B.A. summa cum laude after three years, in 1963, with a major in astronomy and minors in physics and mathematics. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and Pi Mu Epsilon (mathematics). In 1962, Alan Fiala obtained a job as a summer intern at the Naval Observatory in Washington, working in the Nautical Almanac Office (NAO). He entered the graduate program at Yale University and continued to work summers at the observatory. He received his Ph.D. in 1968, under Gerald Clemence. His dissertation was titled "Determination of the Mass of Jupiter from a Study of the Motion of 57 Mnemosyne." After receiving his doctorate, Fiala became a permanent member of the Naval Observatory staff. Computers were just being introduced there and he participated in the automation of many procedures used to prepare the annual publications of the Nautical Almanac Office. One of his first assignments was

  14. On Three'Types of Days'in Wheel of Time Calendar Suolangsangmu,Gelang%浅析时轮历中的“三种日”理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索郎桑姆; 格朗

    2014-01-01

    Wheel of time calendar is the core of Tibetan almanac,the theory of'three types of days"are the foundation of wheel of time calendar.From three aspects of solar days and solar days move-ment,space year and solar years movement,and lunar months and lunar movement,the article dis-cusses the Tibetan astronomy and almanac embodied in the theory of'three types of days',analyzes the embodied planetary movement rules represented by the sun and the moon.Based on the relationship of solar days,lunar month and space years,the article analyzes the ideas behind extra days,skip days and 13th months (intercalary ones)in Tibetan calendar.The combination of solar days and lunar days produce the unique structure of extra days and skip days in Tibetan calendar,and the accumulation of extra days and skip days bring about big and small months.The 13th month is caused by the combina-tion of space month and lunar month,the intercalary cycle is the 24th intercalary month of 65th year.%时轮历是藏族天文历算的核心部分,“三种日”理论则是时轮历的基础。从太阳日与太阳的周日视运动、宫年与太阳的周年视运动、太阴月与月亮视运动三个方面论述“三种日”理论所体现的藏族天文历算之天文观,分析该理论所体现的以太阳和月亮为典型代表的天体运动规律,根据太阳日、太阴月和宫年之间的关系分析藏历历法中重日、缺日和闰月的设置思想。太阳日与太阴日之间日序的相互配合产生了重日与缺日这种藏历中独有的结构,重日与缺日的积累便形成大小月份,闰月则是按宫月与太阴月的配合关系产生,闰章为65年24闰。

  15. The Impact of The Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin on American Soci-ety and Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Ai-ping

    2015-01-01

    Franklin is an earliest writer in American history and he is the most important writers during American colonial period. The most important works of him are Poor Richard's Almanac and his Autobiography. His works have a tremendous impact on American literature later. What more important is that in his Autobiography he wrote out American dream, the spirit of business and good qualities, and some others. Franklin explained that everyone can get rich by hard work and thrift, and he called on people to come to America to make money. The American dream then became an important theme in American literature. It occurred in many works of many writers in his later time. Since Franklin was such a successful person in many areas, world-renowned inventor, writer, diplomat and one of the leaders of the American war of independence, he brought a tremendous im⁃pact on American society. And because of his success, many Americans later took him as an example and his works were popular and read widely. Both Franklin and his works affected American society deeply.

  16. Sport Management and Marketing: Overview and Recommendation for Future Research. [Gestión y marketing deportivo: Revisión y recomendación para investigaciones futuras].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Jae Ko

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The sport industry is a large and fast growing industry. The U.S. market only counted for as much as $400-435 billion in 2012 (Plunkett’s Sport Industry Almanac. The conventional definition of the industry includes “the products offered to its buyers are sport, fitness, recreation, or leisure-related and may be activities, goods, services, people, places, or ideas” (Pitts & Stotlar, 1996, p.3. However, today’s sport market is extending its border by engulfing the entertainment industry and becoming a global cultural phenomenon (Gillentine, 2012.Reflecting the industry’s growth, the academic field of sport management is now in strong demand to educate professionals in the sport industry. Specifically, the special task force of the U.S. National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE and North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM defined sport management as “the field of study offering the specialization training and education necessary for individuals seeking careers in any of the many segments of the industry.” Since the Journal of Sport Management was first published in 1987, 15 scholarly journals emerged to accommodate the demand for effective communication specifically targeted toward sport management and marketing. At the same time, the growing market size of the sport industry as a cultural phenomenon received scholarly attention from other disciplines such as management, marketing and economics (Gillentine, 2012.

  17. Fusion of Onboard Sensors for Better Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Shankar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents simulation results of navigation sensors such as integrated navigation system (INS, global navigation satellite system (GNSS and TACAN sensors onboard an aircraft to find the navigation solutions. Mathematical models for INS, GNSS (GPS satellite trajectories, GPS receiver and TACAN characteristics are simulated in Matlab. The INS simulation generates the output for position, velocity and attitude based on aerosond dynamic model. The GPS constellation is generated based on the YUMA almanac data. The GPS dilution of precession (DOP parameters are calculated and the best combination of four satellites (minimum PDOP is used for calculating the user position and velocity. The INS, GNSS, and TACAN solutions are integrated through loosely coupled extended Kalman filter for calculating the optimum navigation solution. The work is starting stone for providing aircraft based augmentation system for required navigation performance in terms of availability, accuracy, continuity and integrity.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(2, pp.145-152, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.4256

  18. The open service signal in space navigation data comparison of the Global Positioning System and the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jan, Shau-Shiun; Tao, An-Lin

    2014-08-19

    More and more Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs) have been developed and are in operation. Before integrating information on various GNSSs, the differences between the various systems must be studied first. This research focuses on analyzing the navigation data differences between the Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and the United States' Global Positioning System (GPS). In addition to explaining the impact caused by these two different coordinate and time systems, this research uses an actual open service signal in space (SIS) for both GPS and BDS to analyze their current system performance. Five data quality analysis (DQA) mechanisms are proposed in this research to validate both systems' SIS navigation data. These five DQAs evaluate the differences in ephemeris and almanac messages from both systems for stability and accuracy. After all of the DQAs, the different issues related to GPS and BDS satellite information are presented. Finally, based on these DQA results, this research provides suggested resolutions for the combined use of GPS and BDS for navigation and guidance.

  19. Persona-lly Appealing: Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard and Authorial Self-Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia F. Tarantello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While scholarship on Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography describes his use of persona in nuanced terms, scholarship on Franklin’s earlier writings tends to characterize his use of persona as simply a device he used to eliminate personal details from his texts. This article, focused on Franklin’s Poor Richard persona, argues that he conceived of literary persona not simply as a tool to protect his anonymity, but also as a means of self-promotion and self-representation. Franklin used Poor Richard to make a space for himself in the literary marketplace, build a readership for the almanac, and create a positive public reputation for himself. Franklin’s early experiments in performing sincerity and authenticity through an invented personality prefigure the performances of identity he would deploy through his authorial persona in The Autobiography. Thus, by examining Franklin’s construction of identity in Poor Richard’s Almanack, we learn more about how he crafted a public identity for himself.

  20. A Role of «Ruthenian trinity» in National Consciousness Awakening in Western Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Palamarchuk

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available While analyzing materials from the encyclopedic guides, scientific and publicist works, and periodical issues, the author examines historical roots (origin of the half-legal democratic, educational and literary group the «Ruthenian Trinity» («Ruska Triytsia». He shows the significance of study and popularization of the major mission seen by the Trinity members in: elevation of the Ukrainian language status and authority; introducing revolutionary changes to the literature of that time by incorporation of folk language; desire to enlighten people and promote awakening of their national consciousness to the greatest possible extent. The article shows the specific results of the «Ruthenian Trinity» activity: «walking to the people», publication of «The Ruthenian Son» manuscript collection (1833; preparation of «The Star» («Zoria» to printing (1834, as well as the reason why its publication was forbidden by both the Viennese and the Lvivian censorship. The analysis of grounding for the official prohibition to spread «Rusalka Dnistrovaia» («The Nymth of the Dniester» almanac (1836 among readers is provided. It is about the sense of studying history of your nation in the people’s unity, recognition of collective nature of their historical destiny, in development of national consciousness and ardent love to the native language and the native land.

  1. Working memory and the memory distortion component of hindsight bias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvillo, Dustin P

    2012-01-01

    One component of hindsight bias is memory distortion: Individuals' recollections of their predictions are biased towards known outcomes. The present study examined the role of working memory in the memory distortion component of hindsight bias. Participants answered almanac-like questions, completed a measure of working memory capacity, were provided with the correct answers, and attempted to recollect their original judgements in two conditions: with and without a concurrent working memory load. Participants' recalled judgements were more biased by feedback when they recalled these judgements with a concurrent memory load and working memory capacity was negatively correlated with memory distortion. These findings are consistent with reconstruction accounts of the memory distortion component of hindsight bias and, more generally, with dual process theories of cognition. These results also relate the memory distortion component of hindsight bias with other cognitive errors, such as source monitoring errors, the belief bias in syllogistic reasoning and anchoring effects. Implications for the separate components view of hindsight bias are discussed.

  2. Time of the year and absconding from a psychiatric hospital in Trinidad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Akleema; Maharajh, Hari D

    2003-01-01

    Personal characteristics of patients and environmental factors at psychiatric hospitals have been identified as predictors of absconding. This study seeks to establish a relationship between time of the year and absconding. All characteristics of absconders were analysed over a two-year period using hospital records (N= 104). Public holidays and lunar phases were obtained through almanacs for each year; and school vacation period was determined by reference to a school academic calendar. Friday was the most popular day of the week for absconding, males tend to escape more on the weekends compared to females, females tend to escape more during the wet season, and Christmas was the most popular holiday season for absconding to take place. The full moon phase had the largest percentage of absconding when compared to other phases. Recommendations are that the system of patient care should be client driven at all times and greater supervision of patients is needed on weekends, vacation periods and during the full moon phase.

  3. Celestial delights the best astronomical events through 2020

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, Francis

    2012-01-01

    Celestial Delights is the essential 'TV Guide' for the sky. Through extensive graphics integrated with an eight-year-long calendar of sky events, it provides a look at "don't miss" sky events, mostly for naked-eye and binocular observing. It is organized by ease of observation – lunar phases and the brighter planets come first, with solar eclipses, the aurora, and comets coming later. This third edition also includes a hefty dose of sky lore, astronomical history, and clear overviews of current science. It provides a handy reference to upcoming naked-eye events, with information broken out in clear and simple diagrams and tables that are cross-referenced against a detailed almanac for each year covered. This book puts a variety of information all in one place, presents it in a friendly way that does not require prior in-depth astronomical knowledge, and provides the context and historical background for understanding events that astronomy software or web sites lack.

  4. The Open Service Signal in Space Navigation Data Comparison of the Global Positioning System and the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shau-Shiun Jan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available More and more Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs have been developed and are in operation. Before integrating information on various GNSSs, the differences between the various systems must be studied first. This research focuses on analyzing the navigation data differences between the Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS and the United States’ Global Positioning System (GPS. In addition to explaining the impact caused by these two different coordinate and time systems, this research uses an actual open service signal in space (SIS for both GPS and BDS to analyze their current system performance. Five data quality analysis (DQA mechanisms are proposed in this research to validate both systems’ SIS navigation data. These five DQAs evaluate the differences in ephemeris and almanac messages from both systems for stability and accuracy. After all of the DQAs, the different issues related to GPS and BDS satellite information are presented. Finally, based on these DQA results, this research provides suggested resolutions for the combined use of GPS and BDS for navigation and guidance.

  5. História e educação: as relações de gênero em Pelotas no final do século 19 e início do século 20

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Teresinha Peres

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  Entendendo gênero como elemento constitutivo das relações sociais, a partir da contribuição de Joan Scott, tomo aqui as relações entre homens e mulheres no espaço urbano pelotense no final do século 19 e início do século 20 como foco de análise. Com um corpus de dados empíricos, obtidos em jornais, almanaques, revistas, relatórios do período de estudo, analiso as práticas sociais e culturais de homens e mulheres articulado com suas posições de classe e grupo étnico.Palavras-chave: história, educação, relações de gênero.   Abstract Understanding gender as constitutive element of social relationships, from Joan Scott's contribution, I take here men and women relationships in the urban space of Pelotas in the end of the 19 century and beginning of the 20 century as focus of analysis. With a corpus of empirical data, got in newspapers, almanacs, magazines, reports, of the period in study, I analyze social and cultural practices of men and women articulated with their class position and ethnic group. Keywords: history, education, gender relations.   

  6. Diversity and distribution of butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera of district Dir lower, Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Inayatullah Khan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Butterflies are the fine-looking creatures and act as ecological indicators and pollinators. The present study is the first record of Butterfly fauna of Dir lower. Collection was carried out during March - August 2013. The specimens were collected and identified with the help of taxonomic keys and preserved specimens in National Insect Museum Islamabad. The collection of 375 specimens were preserved. Identification revealed 24 species belonging to 20 genera and 7 families. The species are Papilio polyctor Boisduval, Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, Junonia almanac Linnaeus, Pararge schakra Kollar, Junonia hierta Fabricius, Junonia orythea Linnaeus, Argyrius hyperbius Linnaeus, Hypolimnus bolina Linnaeus, Vanessa cashmiriensis Kollar, Phalantha phalantha Drury, Melitea didyma Esper, Lycaena phalaeas Linnaeus, Lybithea lipita Moore, Danius chrysippus Linnaeus, Hipparchia parasitas Kollar, Lethe rohria Fabricius, Maniola davendra Moore, Pontia daplidice Linnaeus, Belenois aurota Fabricius, Pieris brassicae Linnaeus, Colias erate Esper, Eurema hecabe Linnaeus, Colias fieldi Linnaeus and Cynthia cardui Linnaeus. The highest population was shown by Pieris brassicae followed by Danius chrysippus and Cynthia cardui. Twelve species belong to family Nymphalidae (50%, which shows the highest abundance rate. Butterfly density was the highest at Timergara. Butterfly fauna was the highest in May followed by August and lowest in March. It is concluded that pollution free environment of Dir Lower is more suitable for the survival of butterfly fauna. Large scale study is required to fully explore the butterfly fauna of the area.

  7. Adaptation of C4 Bioenergy Crop Species to Various Environments within the Southern Great Plains of USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumin Kim

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As highly productive perennial grasses are evaluated as bioenergy feedstocks, a major consideration is biomass yield stability. Two experiments were conducted to examine some aspects of yield stability for two biofuel species: switchgrass (Panicum vigratum L. and Miscanthus x giganteus (Mxg. Biomass yields of these species were evaluated under various environmental conditions across the Southern Great Plains (SGP, including some sites with low soil fertility. In the first experiment, measured yields of four switchgrass ecotypes and Mxg varied among locations. Overall, plants showed optimal growth performance in study sites close to their geographical origins. Lowland switchgrass ecotypes and Mxg yields simulated by the ALMANAC model showed reasonable agreement with the measured yields across all study locations, while the simulated yields of upland switchgrass ecotypes were overestimated in northern locations. In the second experiment, examination of different N fertilizer rates revealed switchgrass yield increases over the range of 0, 80, or 160 kg N ha−1 year−1, while Mxg only showed yield increases between the low and medium N rates. This provides useful insights to crop management of two biofuel species and to enhance the predictive accuracy of process-based models, which are critical for developing bioenergy market systems in the SGP.

  8. Checklist of butterfly (Insecta: Lepidoptera fauna of Tehsil Tangi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzana Khan Perveen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The butterflies (Insecta: Lepidopteraare well known insects, play an important role in the ecosystem as bioindicators and pollinators. They have bright colours, remarkable shapes and supple flight. The present study was conducted to prepare the checklist of butterfly fauna of Tehsil Tangi during August, 2014 to May, 2015. A total of 506 specimens were collected belong to 3 families with 18 genera and 23 species. The collected species are the common or lemon emigrant, Catopsila ponoma Fabricius; mottled emigrant, Catopsilia pyranthe Linnaeus; clouded yellow, Colias fieldii Fabricius; common grass yellow, Eurema hecabe Linnaeus; eastern pale clouded yellow butterfly, Colias erate Esper; Indian cabbage white, Pieris canidia Sparrman; Indian little orange tip, Colotis etrida Boisduval; pioneer white or African caper white, Belonias aurota Fabricius; plain tiger, Danaua chrysippus Linnaeus; blue tiger, Tirumala liminniace Cramer; peacock pansy, Junonia almanac Linnaeus; Indian fritillary, Argyreus hyperbius Linnaeus; Indian red admiral, Venesa indica Herbst; yellow pansy, Junonia hierta Fabricius; blue pansy, Junonia orytha Linnaeus; white edged rock brown, Hipparchia parisatis Kollar; banded tree brwon, Lethe confuse Aurivillius; common castor, Ariadne merione Cramer; painted lady, Caynthia cardui Linnaeus; Himalayan sailer, Neptis mahendra Moore; common boran, Euthalia garuda Hewitson; lime butterfly, Papilio demoleus Linnaeus and great black mormon butterfly, Papilio polytes Linnaeus. It was concluded that the family Nymphalidae has the highest numbers of individuals in the present checklist. It is recommended that butterfly fauna of the study area should be conserved and their habitat should be protected.

  9. 计算技术经由传教士期刊在晚清的传播%The dissemination of calculating technology via missionary journals in late Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋轶文; 姚远

    2012-01-01

    Aim To find out the dissemination origin of calculating technology via journals in late Qing Dynasty, provide literature support for the mathematics and evolution research in Chinese culture area. Methods Exclusive method was used to confirm the representative and groundbreaking of Shanghai Serial and The Chinese Scientific Magazine spreading the calculating technology. The original document analysis research was used too. Results The article named of "the new computer" in Shanghai Serial in 1857 first introduced the difference engine which calculated integral involution with linear method of finite difference. The article named of "the calculator illustration" in The Chinese Scientific Magazine in 1876 first introduced the mechanical calculator via journals in China, illustrated the structure, application method and the use of the calculator. The article named of " the new calculator illustration" in The Chinese Scientific Magazine in 1890 illustrated two new kinds of improved type calculators. Conclusion The calculating technology was first communicated via Shanghai Serial and The Chinese Scientific Magazine, which indicated that journals gradually become another main medium of science communication besides books. The new calculators were used by Chinese scientist, which indicated that scientific calculation in China stepped into me chanical calculating stage. The new calculators were first used in the celestial almanac, which indicated that the celestial almanac was also the leading edge of the interflow between Chinese and western science until late Qing Dynasty.%目的 旨在廓清晚清计算技术经由传教士期刊在中国的传播源流.方法 检索近代期刊史料确认《六合丛谈》和《格致汇编》在传播计算技术方面的代表性和开创性,然后进行原始期刊文献分析考证.结果 1857年1卷2期《六合丛谈》所刊《新造算器》一文最早在期刊上将使用线性差分法计算整数乘方运算

  10. 屈辞“羲和”文化再解读%On Cultural Interpretation of the Term “Xihe” in QU Yuan’ s Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤洪; 黄关蓉

    2014-01-01

    Xihe is the term used repeatedly in Lisao and Tianwen by QU Yuan, however, its mean-ing is yet disagreed. Shanhaijing explained it as mother sun, the wife of Emperor Jun and Shangshu named it as the almanac officer. In QU Yuan’ s Ci, Dongjun is the sun-god and thus Xihe would be his driver. And QU’ s understanding coordinates with the record of Huainanzi. There are other explanations on Chuci which regard Xihe as sun or the sun-god. By the literary review, Xihe is interpreted as the sun-goddess, then as the wife of Emperor Jun and finally the driver of the sun-god. There is another explana-tion which believes that there exists some tight relationship between Xihe and helios, the ancient Greek sun-god.%屈辞《离骚》与《天问》中多次出现“羲和”,但“羲和”到底指什么,历来岐说不断。《山海经》记载为帝俊妻并日母,《尚书》记载为尧臣天文历官。而在屈辞中,日神为东君,羲和显然为日御,这与《淮南子》记载同。另外,尚有楚辞注家释《离骚》、《天问》“羲和”为太阳或太阳神。通过文献梳理,羲和最初释义当为女性日神,后演变为日神帝俊之妻、后又为日御。此外,羲和与古希腊太阳神赫利俄斯亦似有密切关联。

  11. Agricultural Impacts on Water Resources: Recommendations for Successful Applied Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmel, D.

    2014-12-01

    We, as water resource professionals, are faced with a truly monumental challenge - that is feeding the world's growing population and ensuring it has an adequate supply of clean water. As researchers and educators it is good for us to regularly remember that our research and outreach efforts are critical to people around the world, many of whom are desperate for solutions to water quality and supply problems and their impacts on food supply, land management, and ecosystem protection. In this presentation, recommendations for successful applied research on agricultural impacts on water resources will be provided. The benefits of building multidisciplinary teams will be illustrated with examples related to the development and world-wide application of the ALMANAC, SWAT, and EPIC/APEX models. The value of non-traditional partnerships will be shown by the Soil Health Partnership, a coalition of agricultural producers, chemical and seed companies, and environmental advocacy groups. The results of empowering decision-makers with useful data will be illustrated with examples related to bacteria source and transport data and the MANAGE database, which contains runoff nitrogen and phosphorus data for cultivated, pasture, and forest land uses. The benefits of focusing on sustainable solutions will be shown through examples of soil testing, fertilizers application, on-farm profit analysis, and soil health assessment. And the value of welcoming criticism will be illustrated by the development of a framework to estimate and publish uncertainty in measured discharge and water quality data. The good news for researchers is that the agricultural industry is faced with profitability concerns and the need to wisely utilize soil and water resources, and simultaneously state and federal agencies crave sound-science to improve decision making, policy, and regulation. Thus, the audience for and beneficiaries of agricultural research are ready and hungry for applied research results.

  12. The Rift Valley of African Plate in Elasto-Plastic Creeping over Magma Motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Shigehisa

    2016-04-01

    This is a brief note to a problem on the Rift Valley in the eastern Africa. It is said that this valley was formed in an age 20,000,000 years before present though the valley is yet continuing to move eastward at an annual rate of about 5 cm/year in a geographical trend. Adding to some of the scientists tell that the separation threat of the easternAfrica from the mother land of the Africa under the effect of African crust motion over the magma. However, it is now geological understanding that the land of the Africa has been kept its basic coastal configulation in geographic pattern since the time more than 20,000,000 years before present. Sothat, it is hard to consider the above noted African land separation by part could be in the next age in a time scale of 20,000,000 years. As far as, we concern the geographic data obtaoned by the ground based survey of the African typical mountain peaks, the highest mountain peak 5885m (in 1980) is for Kilimanjaro, Kibo Peak though one of the scientific almanacs tells us its peak height as 5890m (in 2009). As for the Mount Kenia, the peak height is as 5199m (in 1980) and 5200m(in 2009). At a glance, it looks to be a trend in altimetry of the African typical mountain. Now, what trends are noted for the peak heights could be taken to suggesting the geological activity on the earth surface to maintain in a spherical shape approximately on the orbit around the Sun. In these several ten years, the digitizing of the data has been promoted even for the topographic patterns on the earth though its time scaling is extremely short comparing to the geological time scaling. Now, it should be found what is effective to monitor any trends of the African crust in motion as well as variations of the mountain peaks.

  13. There's An App For That: Planning Ahead for the Solar Eclipse in August 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizek Frouard, Malynda R.; Lesniak, Michael V.; Bell, Steve

    2017-01-01

    With the total solar eclipse of 2017 August 21 over the continental United States approaching, the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) on-line Solar Eclipse Computer can now be accessed via an Android application, available on Google Play.Over the course of the eclipse, as viewed from a specific site, several events may be visible: the beginning and ending of the eclipse (first and fourth contacts), the beginning and ending of totality (second and third contacts), the moment of maximum eclipse, sunrise, or sunset. For each of these events, the USNO Solar Eclipse 2017 Android application reports the time, Sun's altitude and azimuth, and the event's position and vertex angles. The app also lists the duration of the total phase, the duration of the eclipse, the magnitude of the eclipse, and the percent of the Sun obscured for a particular eclipse site.All of the data available in the app comes from the flexible USNO Solar Eclipse Computer Application Programming Interface (API), which produces JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) that can be incorporated into third-party Web sites or custom applications. Additional information is available in the on-line documentation (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/api.php).For those who prefer using a traditional data input form, the local circumstances can still be requested at http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/SolarEclipses.php.In addition the 2017 August 21 Solar Eclipse Resource page (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Eclipse2017.php) consolidates all of the USNO resources for this event, including a Google Map view of the eclipse track designed by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO).Looking further ahead, a 2024 April 8 Solar Eclipse Resource page (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Eclipse2024.php) is also available.

  14. Changes in Latitude, Changes in Attitude: U.S. Naval Observatory Observations of Solar Eclipses 1869 to the Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizek Frouard, Malynda R.; Towne, Linda; Kaplan, George H.

    2017-01-01

    In anticipation of the 2017 August 21 total solar eclipse over the continental United States, the history of U.S. Naval Observatory eclipse observations illustrates the changes in science, technology, and policy over the past 148 years.USNO eclipse observations began in 1869, when staff traveled to Des Moines, Iowa and the Bering Strait to look for intra-mercurial planets and to observe the solar corona. During the golden age of eclipse expeditions, the USNO officially participated in a dozen expeditions between 1869 and 1929. Seven of these expeditions were to US locations: 1869 in Iowa; 1878 in Colorado, Wyoming, and Texas; 1880 in California; 1900 in Georgia and North Carolina; 1918 in Oregon; 1923 in California; and 1925 in New York. A total solar eclipse has not traced a path across the width of the continental US since 1918 although several eclipses have passed over parts of the US since then.A few official expeditions occurred later in the 20th century to measure the solar diameter, including a total eclipse in the northwest US in 1979 and an annular eclipse across the southeast in 1984. However, observations began transitioning to mostly personal adventures as individual astronomers arranged unofficial trips.Historians can use the USNO Multi-year Interactive Computer Almanac (MICA) to compute local circumstances for solar eclipses world-wide starting with the annual eclipse of 1800 April 24, which was visible from Alaska. Those looking to make history in 2017 may consult the USNO 2017 August 21 Solar Eclipse Resource page (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Eclipse2017.php).

  15. A Statistical Framework for Automatic Leakage Detection in Smart Water and Gas Grids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Fagiani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, due to the technological improvement of advanced metering infrastructures, water and natural gas grids can be regarded as smart-grids, similarly to power ones. However, considering the number of studies related to the application of computational intelligence to distribution grids, the gap between power grids and water/gas grids is notably wide. For this purpose, in this paper, a framework for leakage identification is presented. The framework is composed of three sections aimed at the extraction and the selection of features and at the detection of leakages. A variation of the Sequential Feature Selection (SFS algorithm is used to select the best performing features within a set, including, also, innovative temporal ones. The leakage identification is based on novelty detection and exploits the characterization of a normality model. Three statistical approaches, The Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM, Hidden Markov Model (HMM and One-Class Support Vector Machine (OC-SVM, are adopted, under a comparative perspective. Both residential and office building environments are investigated by means of two datasets. One is the Almanac of Minutely Power dataset (AMPds, and it provides water and gas data consumption at 1, 10 and 30 min of time resolution; the other is the Department of International Development (DFID dataset, and it provides water and gas data consumption at 30 min of time resolution. The achieved performance, computed by means of the Area Under the Curve (AUC, reaches 90 % in the office building case study, thus confirming the suitability of the proposed approach for applications in smart water and gas grids.

  16. Hawk and Handsaw

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usher, Peter D.

    2008-05-01

    In Shakespeare's Hamlet, Prince Hamlet states, "I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw." This celebrated yet perennially baffling passage is readily understood in the context of the cosmic allegorical interpretation of the play (BAAS 28, 1305, 1996; Hamlet's Universe, 2006). The first direction points from Tycho Brahe's observatory on Hven to the fictional home of the geocentric Pyolemaic worldview at Elsinore, and the second from Hven to the home of Copernican heliocentricism at Wittenberg. The directions correspond to the two influences on Tycho's geo-heliocentric World model. Anyone at Elsinore who advocates the new organon of the New Philosophy is "mad," whereas sanity prevails at Wittenberg. "Hawk" refers to a bird of prey, the leonard, and to Leonard Digges, inventor of the world's first two-element telescope. "Handsaw" refers to the artistic tool necessary to sever the hands depicted in de Gheyn's two quasi-mirror-imaged portraits of Tycho at age 40, which show hands affixed to the wrong arms. Elsewhere in Hamlet, Shakespeare substantiates the New Astronomy through descriptions of planets and stars that could only have been determined telescopically. Therefore, the passage in question contrasts two modes of observing in the early modern era, viz. visual and telescopic. Shakespeare completed writing Hamlet in about 1601 and the Second Quarto appeared in 1604, so the first substantial account of astronomical telescopy is now over 400 years old. In addition, 432 years ago Thomas Digges published the first account of the New Astronomy in a popular almanac. These two means of presentation may seem odd by present standards, but contemporary culture was intolerant of 'natural magic,' and furthermore, it was prudent to minmize the risk of domestic persecution and threats from Continental armies and the European and Spanish Inquisitions.

  17. The Fulldome Curriculum for the Spitz SciDome Digital Planetarium: Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradstreet, David H.; Sanders, S. J.; Huggins, S.

    2014-01-01

    The Spitz Fulldome Curriculum (FDC) for the SciDome digital planetarium ushered in a new and innovative way to present astronomical pedagogy via its use of the unique teaching attributes of the digital planetarium. In the case of the FDC, which uses the ubiquitous Starry Night planetarium software as its driving engine, these engaging and novel teaching techniques have also been made usable to desktop computers and flat-screen video projectors for classroom use. Volume 2 of the FDC introduces exciting new classes and mini-lessons to further enlighten and invigorate students as they struggle with often difficult three dimensional astronomical concepts. Additionally, other topics with related astronomical ties have been created to integrate history into planetarium presentations. One of the strongest advantages of the SciDome is its use of Starry Night as its astronomical engine. With it students can create their own astronomical configurations in the computer lab or at home, using the PC or Mac version. They can then simply load their creations onto the SciDome planetarium system and display them for their classmates on the dome. This poster will discuss and illustrate some of the new content that has been developed for Volume 2. Topics covered in Volume 2 include eclipses, plotting planet locations on a curtate orbit chart by observing their positions in the sky, time and timekeeping (including sidereal day, hour angles, sidereal time, LAST, LMST, time zones and the International Date Line), teaching to the Boy Scout Merit Badge requirements, plotting scale analemmas on the surface of planets and interpreting them, precession, astronomical events in revolutionary Boston, the Lincoln Almanac Trial, eclipsing binaries, lunar librations, a trip through the universe, watching the speed of light move in real time, stellar sizes and the Milky Way.

  18. Bioenergy crop models: Descriptions, data requirements and future challenges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Zhang, Xuesong [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Miguez, Fernando [Iowa State University; Izaurralde, Dr. R. Cesar [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Dietze, Michael [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Field studies that address the production of lignocellulosic biomass as a source of renewable energy provide critical data for the development of bioenergy crop models. A literature survey revealed that 14 models have been used for simulating bioenergy crops including herbaceous and woody bioenergy crops, and for crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) crops. These models simulate field-scale production of biomass for switchgrass (ALMANAC, EPIC, and Agro-BGC), miscanthus (MISCANFOR, MISCANMOD, and WIMOVAC), sugarcane (APSIM, AUSCANE, and CANEGRO), and poplar and willow (SECRETS and 3PG). Two models are adaptations of dynamic global vegetation models and simulate biomass yields of miscanthus and sugarcane at regional scales (Agro-IBIS and LPJmL). Although it lacks the complexity of other bioenergy crop models, the environmental productivity index (EPI) is the only model used to estimate biomass production of CAM (Agave and Opuntia) plants. Except for the EPI model, all models include representations of leaf area dynamics, phenology, radiation interception and utilization, biomass production, and partitioning of biomass to roots and shoots. A few models simulate soil water, nutrient, and carbon cycle dynamics, making them especially useful for assessing the environmental consequences (e.g., erosion and nutrient losses) associated with the large-scale deployment of bioenergy crops. The rapid increase in use of models for energy crop simulation is encouraging; however, detailed information on the influence of climate, soils, and crop management practices on biomass production is scarce. Thus considerable work remains regarding the parameterization and validation of process-based models for bioenergy crops; generation and distribution of high-quality field data for model development and validation; and implementation of an integrated framework for efficient, high-resolution simulations of biomass production for use in planning sustainable bioenergy systems.

  19. Powstanie i rozwój filozofii środowiskowej w USA na podstawie poglądów Johna Muira, Aldo Leopolda i J. Bairda Callicota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leszek Pyra

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Origin and Development of Environmental Philosophy in the US according to John Muir, Aldo Leopold and J. Baird Callicot. The publication refers to environmental philosophy, which is also called ecological philosophy or ecophilosophy. It shows in what way philosophical reflection on the environment has been shaped in the American tradition. In this context, the views of the thinkers listed below have been presented, analysed and evaluated. John Muir, an astute observer of wild nature, has been presented as an enthusiast and a prophet persuading a return to nature. Muir was a forester under the strong influence of the representatives of transcendentalism. As an activist, he founded national parks that served to preserve virgin areas, and as a writer he popularized the concept of the preservation of wild areas. For many representatives of ecophilosophy, the views of Aldo Leopold, as expressed in his well-known work, A Sand County Almanac, constituted a new pattern of thinking about wild nature. The book itself is almost generally regarded as a bible of environmental philosophy. Leopold, a forester interested in philosophy, created the fundamentals of holistic environmental philosophy, but the theory he developed is not without defects, to which some attention has been paid in this paper. The theory of J. Baird Callicot presents the attitude of an academic philosopher with regard to wild nature. His attitude is fully professional as regards the applied method, thus allowing the author to avoid committing a naturalistic fallacy. Callicot reinterprets the issues of facts and values, because he thinks that the discoveries of the dynamically developing ecology make possible the reformulation of the traditional approach to such issues by utilising a spirit of acceptance, and lead to a shift from is to ought to be

  20. Design and Research of GPS/BDS Airborne Equipment in General Aviation%通用航空GPS/BDS机载设备研究及设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺星; 方成

    2016-01-01

    本文描述了 GPS/BDS 机载设备的总体架构和详细设计方法。基带处理部分,给出了基于PMF-FFT的捕获算法。基带处理电路主要完成对射频通道传送过来的中频信号进行采样、数字滤波、信号处理、功能解算等功能。GPS/BDS 机载设备具备兼容 GPS、BDS 和 GLONASS卫星导航系统的能力;具备卫星导航系统历书、星历、原始测量数据输出、RAIM处理、差分处理、多种数据格式输出、BIT系统自检、工作状态提示等能力。%This paper describes the structure and design method in detail for the GPS/BDS of airborne equipment. In the baseband processing parts, the acquisition algorithm based on PMF-FFT is presented. Baseband processing circuit mainly complete the collection, the digital filtering, the signal processing and function calculating of intermediate frequency signal that from RF channel. GPS airborne equipment has the ability of satellite navigation system, meanwhile has the capability of compatible with GPS, BDS and GLONASS. The equipment has ability of receiving almanac and ephemeris of satellite navigation system, the original measurement data output, RAIM processing, difference processing, a variety of data format output, BIT system self-checking, status display and so on.

  1. A Book Review of Fruitful Practice of Methodological Principles from Experiential Empiricism to Rationalism%由经验实证到理性思辨方法论原则的成功实践--邵炳军教授《春秋文学系年辑证》诗歌研究成就评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炳海

    2015-01-01

    The book “A Compilation and Almanacs of Literature of Spring and Autumn Period”, by Prof. Shao Bingjun, in four volumes of 1.8 million characters to be published by Higher Education Press, adopted the paradigm of “almanacs” and “compilation” on the principle of experiential empiricism to rationalism. It involves the aspects of dynasties-disconnected studies on poems in empiricism and theoretical studies on poems in rationalism while being credited to the pioneering work in the area of “Studies on the Book of Songs” and the fruitful practice of scientific methodology.%邵炳军教授《春秋文学系年辑证》(全四册,180万字,高等教育出版社2013年版)采用“系年”与“辑证”结合的研究范式,恪守“由经验实证到理性思辨”的方法论原则。邵炳军教授《辑证》从两个方面着手:一是实证型的诗歌作品断代研究,二是思辨型的诗歌作品理论研究。《辑证》不仅堪称是一部“诗经学”研究领域的扛鼎之作,而且是科学方法论的一次成功实践。

  2. 《治百病方》不等于《武威汉代医简》%Zhi bai bing fang (Recipes for All Diseases) not identical with Wuwei Han dai yi jian (Wuwei Medical Bamboo Slips of Han Dynasty)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雷

    2013-01-01

    1972年甘肃省武威县出土的汉代简牍,包括2种竹简和1种木牍,由隶书和章草2种字体书写,竹简分别编联,木牍未曾编联,具体内容可分医方、日书、药价3个方面.种种现象表明,这批简牍并非纯一的书籍或资料,“治百病方”只是其中1种竹简的名称.而有《中国医学史》教材和工具书在介绍《治百病方》和《武威汉代医简》时,将二者完全等同而论,实属以偏概全,有失妥当,应予更正.%The Han medical bamboo slips unearthed from Wuwei County,Gansu Province in 1972 included 2 kinds of bamboo slips and a wooden tablet,written with li calligraphy and zhangcao script.The bamboo slips was organized and bound as a series,while the wooden tablet wasn' t.The contents were related to medical recipes,almanacs and price of drugs.Various phenomena reflected that these slips and tablet were not merely a whole book or materials,and the Zhi bai bingfang was but a tide of one of the bamboo slips.However,Wuwei Han dai yi jian and Zhi bai bing fang sometimes were regarded as an identical one in some teaching materials of History of Chinese Medicine or reference books,which was an incorrect and one -sided information,and should be corrected.

  3. Simon Marius vs. Galileo: Who First Saw Moons of Jupiter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasachoff, Jay M.; Van Helden, Albert

    2016-10-01

    In his almanac for 1612 and book Mundus Iovalis of 1614, Simon Marius in Germany reported his discovery of moons around Jupiter, which he started writing down in late 1609 in the Julian calendar, which translated to 8 January 1610 in the Gregorian calendar in use by Galileo in Italy. Is Marius to be believed? Galileo certainly did not. But a Dutch jury of experts about three hundred years later reported that they validated the claim that Marius independently discovered the moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo first both saw and wrote down his discovery! There is no doubt that the names Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto came from Marius (to whom they were suggested by Kepler). See JMP's Journal for the History of Astronomy article, 46(2), 218-234 (2015).Marius wrote that he had been observing the moons around Jupiter since November 1609 (Julian), using a neighboring nobleman's telescope, which would mean that he actually saw the Jupiter satellites first (though publish or perish). Whether this feat was technically possible comes down to discussions of the capabilities of telescopes in the early 17th century.The quadricentennial of Marius's book was celebrated in Nuremberg with a symposium that is now in press in German with an English translation expected. One of us (AVH) has recently prepared a complete English translation of Marius's book, superseding the partial translation made 100 years ago. There is no evidence that, whether he saw what we now call the Galilean satellites first or not, Marius appreciated their cosmological significance the way that Galileo soon did. And Marius was certainly the first to publish tables of the moons of Jupiter.We thank the Chapin Library of Williams College and the Huntington Library for assistance with first editions of Marius's 1614 book, and we thank Pierre Leich of the Simon Marius Gesellschaft for his consultations.

  4. Kritická místa v matematice u českých žáků na základě výsledků šetření TIMSS 2007 / Critical areas of mathematics for Czech pupils based on TIMSS 2007 data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Rendl

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the empirical study is to describe critical areas of primary mathematics as can be found from the Czech Grade 8 pupils’ results in TIMSS 2007 and to identify possible causes of their difficulty for pupils. In the first part, a research background is briefly given – international comparative research in mathematics and possibilities of the secondary analyses of its data. The second part describes methodology in detail. We analysed data from so called TIMSS almanacs (results of Czech pupils at the level of concrete mathematical items from TIMSS and answers of the teacher questionnaire. To interpret possible causes we also used curricular documents and the analysis of the apparently most used primary mathematics textbooks. We set up a criterion for deciding whether the Czech pupils’ results for the given item is below their standard which we determined by comparing their average success rate with that of the international sample. Thus so called weak and very weak items were identified. They were divided into three areas which can be considered critical areas for Czech pupils: Algebra (with subareas of Functions, Substitution, Equations and inequalities, Expressions, Sequences, Shapes and solids. For each of the areas, weak and very weak items are presented together with their results and an outline of the nature of their difficulty for Czech pupils and possible causes of Czech pupils’ failure to solve them. It transpires that it is necessary to get a deeper insight into the nature of problems by clinical interviews with pupils. This will be a topic of further articles.

  5. Alemão, estrangeiro ou teuto-brasileiro? Representações de docência teuto-brasileira-evangélica no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar E. Estermann Meyer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  O trabalho discute representações de docência teuto-brasileiro-evangélica que estiveram imbricadas na proposição e manutenção de um programa específico de formação de professores, no âmbito desse grupo cultural, no RS/Brasil, no período de 1909 a 1938. Fundamenta-se nos campos dos estudos feministas, dos estudos culturais e do pós­estruturalismo. As estratégias de articulação e de desconstrução nortearam o exame dos seguintes periódicos que circularam no período: jornal Deutsche Post, Almanaque Kalender für die Deutschen in Brasilien e jornal Allgemeine Lehrerzeitung für Rio Grande do Sul; isso permitiu entender parte do processo que buscou operacionalizar o funcionamento harmonioso dos dois pertencimentos mais mobilizados da identidade cultural desse grupo: a nacionalidade alemã e a cidadania brasileira.Palavras-chave: estudos culturais, representação, identidade docente.   Abstract This paper discusses representations of the german-brasilian-evangelical teaching involved in a specific program for teaching education, in this group, from 1909 to 1938. The discussion is based on women's studies, cultural studies and post-structuralism. I have used the strategies of articulation and desconstruction to analyse periodicals impressed in this period: the Deutsche Post journal, the Kalender für die Deutschen in Brasilien Almanac and the Allgemeine Lehrerzeitung für Rio Grande do Sul journal. This analysis has shown how the german nationality and the Brasilian citizenship - two of the most important and conflicting marks of this culture - were inscribed and mobilised in this cultural identity. Keywords: cultural studies, representation, teaching identity. 

  6. It's About Time:Mark Twain's ``My Watch'' and Relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Hugh

    2005-09-01

    Over three decades before Einstein's year of miracles, the American humorist Mark Twain published an essay titled "My Watch," in which he recounts his experiences with a previously reliable pocket watch and those who tried to rehabilitate it. He begins his essay by confessing his first error: My beautiful new watch had run eighteen months without losing or gaining, and without breaking any part of its machinery or stopping. I had come to believe it infallible in its judgments about the time of day, and to consider its constitution and its anatomy imperishable. But at last, one night, I let it run down. I grieved about it as if it were a recognized messenger and forerunner of calamity. Twain then sets the watch by guess, and takes it to the "chief jeweler's to set it by the exact time." To Twain's dismay, the jeweler insists on opening it up and adjusting the regulator inside the watch, and the watch begins to gain time. It gained faster and faster day by day. Within a week it sickened to a raging fever, and its pulse went up to a hundred and fifty in the shade. At the end of two months, it had left all the timepieces of the town far in the rear, and was a fraction over thirteen days ahead of the almanac. It was away into November enjoying the snow, while the October leaves were still turning. It hurried up house rent, bills payable, and such things, in such a ruinous way that I could not abide it.

  7. Soil and variety effects on energy use and carbon emissions associated with switchgrass-based ethanol production in Mississippi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woli, Prem; Paz, Joel O.; Baldwin, Brian S.; Lang, David J.; Kiniry, James R.

    2012-06-29

    High biomass production potential, wide adaptability, low input requirement, and low environmental risk make switchgrass an economically and ecologically viable energy crop.The inherent variablity in switchgrass productivity due to variations in soil and variety could affect the sustainability and eco-friendliness of switchgrass-based ethanol production. This study examined the soil and variety effects on these variables. Three locations in Mississippi were selected based on latitude and potential acreage. Using ALMANAC, switchgrass biomass yields were simulated for several scenarios of soils and varities. The simulated yields were fed to IBSAL to compute energy use and CO2 emissions in various operations in the biomass supply From the energy and emissions values, the sustainability and eco-friendliness of ethanol production were determined using net energy value (NEV) and carbon credit balance (CCB) as indicators, respectively. Soil and variety effects on NEV and CCB were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results showed significant differences in NEV and CCB across soils and varieties. Both NEV and CCB increased in the direction of heavier to lighter soils and on the order of north-upland , south-upland, north-lowland, and south-lowland varieties. Only north-upland and south-lowland varieties were significantly significantly different because they were different in both cytotype and ecotype. Gaps between lowland and upland varieties were smaller in a dry year than in a wet year. The NEV and CCB increased in the direction of dry to wet year. From south to north, they decreased for lowland cytotypes but increased for upland cytotypes. Thus, the differences among varieties decreased northwards.

  8. Solar Eclipse Computer API: Planning Ahead for August 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Jennifer L.; Chizek Frouard, Malynda; Lesniak, Michael V.; Bell, Steve

    2016-01-01

    With the total solar eclipse of 2017 August 21 over the continental United States approaching, the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) on-line Solar Eclipse Computer can now be accessed via an application programming interface (API). This flexible interface returns local circumstances for any solar eclipse in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) that can be incorporated into third-party Web sites or applications. For a given year, it can also return a list of solar eclipses that can be used to build a more specific request for local circumstances. Over the course of a particular eclipse as viewed from a specific site, several events may be visible: the beginning and ending of the eclipse (first and fourth contacts), the beginning and ending of totality (second and third contacts), the moment of maximum eclipse, sunrise, or sunset. For each of these events, the USNO Solar Eclipse Computer reports the time, Sun's altitude and azimuth, and the event's position and vertex angles. The computer also reports the duration of the total phase, the duration of the eclipse, the magnitude of the eclipse, and the percent of the Sun obscured for a particular eclipse site. On-line documentation for using the API-enabled Solar Eclipse Computer, including sample calls, is available (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/api.php). The same Web page also describes how to reach the Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day, Phases of the Moon, Day and Night Across the Earth, and Apparent Disk of a Solar System Object services using API calls.For those who prefer using a traditional data input form, local circumstances can still be requested that way at http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/SolarEclipses.php. In addition, the 2017 August 21 Solar Eclipse Resource page (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Eclipse2017.php) consolidates all of the USNO resources for this event, including a Google Map view of the eclipse track designed by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO). Looking further ahead, a

  9. 中长时段视野下的边疆史研究%Study on Frontier History from the Perspective of Medium and Long Periods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方铁

    2012-01-01

    法国年鉴学派的代表人物布罗代尔提出长时段理论,突出不同时段研究的内容,在时间和空间方面扩展了研究者的视野。本文以边疆观念史与边疆治理史、边疆经营史与边疆开发史方面的问题为例,应用中长时段方法做新的审视,认为古代的治边观与边疆治策经历了动态发展的过程,元代的土官制度是前代羁縻之制的重大发展,并开创了统治边疆少数民族南北有别的时期;历代对西南边疆的经营,可分为秦汉至宋以及元至清两个差异较大的时期,不同时期经营边疆经济门类的重点亦相应改变。%The representative of France Almanac School advances long-period theory which profiles the study content in different periods and expands the researcher's view in time and space. The paper deems that ancient frontier governing views and policies undergo dynamic development taking frontier concepts history, governing history, administration history and development history as cases from the perspective of long-period view. The chieftain and native official systems in Yuan Dynasty is an important development of the Jimi official system in the past dynasties which creates different governing systems between the south and north. The administration of southwestern China frontier falls into two differential times, Qin and Han Dynasties to Yuan and Qing Dynasties, and different times show different frontier economic focus.

  10. Noor-Eesti ja kunstnikud. Young Estonia’s Artists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiiu Talvistu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In Estonian art history, the beginning of the 20th century is the era of the birth of nationalist art. This is the time when the first artists to study abroad, the brothers Paul and Kristjan Raud, and Ants Laikmaa return home from their studies in Düsseldorf and Munich. In the homeland, these artists’ cultural and political spirit brought them into contact with the Young Estonians, one generation younger than they were, whose overall world-view and artistic views they came to shape. The program of the Young Estonians included the furthering of cultural life as a whole; therefore they participated enthusiastically in discussions about the visual arts, and ways in which to advance art in the homeland. Through the mediation of Ants Laikmaa, they made contact with Nikolai Triik, an artist of their own generation, who in turn engaged his former fellow students from the Stieglitz School of Applied Arts in St. Petersburg – Aleksander Tassa, Jaan Koort, and Konrad Mägi. The interests and travel destinations of writers and artists were similar: they found themselves drawn primarily to Scandinavia, then Paris. Young Estonia’s almanacs and magazines were illustrated and adorned by reproductions of these same artists’ works, and artists contributed their writings on art to the publication. Nikolai Triik was artistic editor for the Young Estonia magazine, thanks to his stronger ties with the homeland and his greater authority. In the years 1909 and 1914 Young Estonia organized art exhibits, in which several artists studying abroad found their first reception among a homeland public. Young Estonia created a new standard in Estonian book design. Discussions began around the question of ”nationalism” in art. The Young Estonia period 1905–1915 was an era of great change in Estonian art, and the artists connected with the movement played a major role in subsequent developments. Together they established the art association ”Pallas” in 1918

  11. African American Perceptions about Crime in Cincinnati, Ohio since the 2001 Riots: Over a Decade Later

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derrick J. Jenkins, Sr. Ph.D.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In 1994, the city of Cincinnati, Ohio was named the most livable city in America by Places Rated Almanac (Clark, 1993. Couched within this distinction is the variance of perceived categorizations as the building blocks of a utopian-esque society such as a robust job market, low cost of living, affordable housing, highly educated populous, high arts and recreation and low crime rates. What happened within under a decade that transformed the national perception of the queen city from the most livable city in 1994 to the most recent and largest urban hot bed of racial and civil unrest since the Los Angeles riots? However, no study has explicitly assessed the perceptions of crime in Cincinnati, Ohio. The purpose of this study is to assess perceptions about crime in the local community since the 2001 Cincinnati riots. Methods: We surveyed 71 participants as part of a cross-sectional study designed to assess perception of crime in Cincinnati, Ohio. We conducted a questionnaire of a random sample of African American residents in Cincinnati, Ohio. The city of Cincinnati was chosen because of its large African American community and in part due to its long lasting history of police violence and riots in the African American community.  Analyses: Most participants felt the level of crime in Cincinnati, Ohio was a very serious problem. However, a large majority of both males (22.6% and females (10% believed crime in Cincinnati, Ohio was somewhat serious. The remaining respondents perceived crime in Cincinnati as serious (males: 16.1%, females: 12.5% or not at all serious (males 3.2%, females: 0%. A larger portion of the males (54.8% than females (40% responded that in the last 3- year’s crime in Cincinnati, Ohio relatively stayed the same.  Conclusion: The results indicate that there was little difference in African American perceptions of violence in Cincinnati in 2001 and 11 years later in 2012. Most people felt that violence in

  12. The Venus "Shell-over-Star" hieroglyph and Maya warfare: An examination of the interpretation of a Mayan symbol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voit, Claudia Ann

    For decades, Maya scholars have associated the Mayan "Shell-Star" (also referred to as "Star-War") hieroglyph with Maya warfare. Put forward by scholars such as Floyd Lounsbury and David Kelley, and later advanced by Linda Schele, David Freidel, Ian Graham, Peter Matthews, Anthony Aveni and others, there are now dozens of published articles and chapters relating the hieroglyph to Venus and warfare. Venus is one of the most notable celestial objects outside of the Sun and Moon and was highly visible to the inhabitants of the Maya world. The Dresden Codex (an astronomical almanac) contains important information about the planet Venus, and the calendar section was deciphered by the librarian and mathematician, Ernst Förstemann in the late 1800s. In his decipherment, he deduced that the numbers contained in the tables must be connected to the orbital period of the planet. There is no other planet with the same orbital period 3 as Venus. Förstemann suggested that the decoded astronomy tables were used by the Maya to determine when to wage war. This interpretation, along with others, like Floyd Lounsbury`s study of Venus and the Long Count date at Bonampak were the seeds that have led to methodological errors that first began to take root in Maya research. The idea of the Venus association with warfare took hold and continues to propagate. Many scholars continue to assert that the "shell-star" glyph is related to warfare events. Others, like Gerardo Aldana, and Stanley Guenter, have recently come forward to reexamine and question the hieroglyph and its relationship, if any, to Maya warfare. I suggest, further, that methodological errors may have occurred along the way. I propose that these errors include data lost in translation, and inaccurate translations. In addition, the statistical analysis of Venus cycles has weak points. If this identification of the errors is correct, we need to re-evaluate the weakened foundation on which we are building our assertions about

  13. Deductive Coordination of Multiple Geospatial Knowledge Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldinger, R.; Reddy, M.; Culy, C.; Hobbs, J.; Jarvis, P.; Dungan, J. L.

    2002-12-01

    Deductive inference is applied to choreograph the cooperation of multiple knowledge sources to respond to geospatial queries. When no one source can provide an answer, the response may be deduced from pieces of the answer provided by many sources. Examples of sources include (1) The Alexandria Digital Library Gazetteer, a repository that gives the locations for almost six million place names, (2) The Cia World Factbook, an online almanac with basic information about more than 200 countries. (3) The SRI TerraVision 3D Terrain Visualization System, which displays a flight-simulator-like interactive display of geographic data held in a database, (4) The NASA GDACC WebGIS client for searching satellite and other geographic data available through OpenGIS Consortium (OGC) Web Map Servers, and (5) The Northern Arizona University Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculator. Queries are phrased in English and are translated into logical theorems by the Gemini Natural Language Parser. The theorems are proved by SNARK, a first-order-logic theorem prover, in the context of an axiomatic geospatial theory. The theory embodies a representational scheme that takes into account the fact that the same place may have many names, and the same name may refer to many places. SNARK has built-in procedures (RCC8 and the Allen calculus, respectively) for reasoning about spatial and temporal concepts. External knowledge sources may be consulted by SNARK as the proof is in progress, so that most knowledge need not be stored axiomatically. The Open Agent Architecture (OAA) facilitates communication between sources that may be implemented on different machines in different computer languages. An answer to the query, in the form of text or an image, is extracted from the proof. Currently, three-dimensional images are displayed by TerraVision but other displays are possible. The combined system is called Geo-Logica. Some example queries that can be handled by Geo-Logica include: (1) show the

  14. Galileo OS SIS ICD导航电文设计解析%Navigation Message Designing in Galileo OS SIS ICD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李作虎; 郝金明; 李建文; 吕志伟

    2011-01-01

    The first official release of an updated “Galileo ()pen Service Signal-In-Space Interface Control Document” (Galileo OS SIS ICD) from European Union on April 13 meant great progress of Galileo establishment from concept designing to orbit test and to system construction, which would be of great significance for the development of GNSS. Compared to GPS Interface Specification Document on LI C/A code, the ideas and characteristics in the designing on message structure and contents from Galileo OS SIS ICD were analyzed. The analysis showed that the message designing of Galileo OS not only took over the designing partly from GPS but also acquired innovation. The overall designing is open and flexible, specially, such aspects as the flow of pages, the diversity of almanac source, compatibility and interoperability, and integrity represent the development of GNSS as well as the advancement of designing ideas of GNSS. The ideas of Galileo message designing will be helpful not only for guidance to the designing of Beidou navigation message but also for the study on the interoperation between our GNSS and Galileo.%欧盟在2010-04-13首次正式发布了Galileo公开服务空间信号接口控制文档(Galileo OS SIS ICD),标志着Galileo系统建设从概念设计、在轨验证到系统实施又迈进了重要一步,对全球导航卫星系统(GNSS)的发展具有重要意义.通过与GPS接口说明文档比较,解析了Galileo OS SIS ICD中导航电文结构设计和内容设计方面的思路和特点.解析表明,与GPS L1 C/A码导航电文设计相比,Galileo OS在导航电文设计上既有继承、亦有创新.整体设计体现了开放和灵活的特点,特别是在电文页流结构、电文星间交叉播发、兼容和互操作以及完好性方面的设计既体现了GNSS技术的发展,又体现了GNSS设计理念的进步.Galileo导航电文的设计理念不仅可为我国北斗卫星导航系统电文的设计提供参考,而且有利于加强

  15. Improved model of regional flood disaster risk assessment based on remote sensing data%基于遥感数据的区域洪涝风险评估改进模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段光耀; 赵文吉; 宫辉力

    2012-01-01

    灾害风险评估是最简单有效的防灾减灾措施之一。以松花江流域为研究区域,提出了一种基于遥感实时监测数据和历史洪涝灾害数据的洪涝风险评估改进模型。选取中国气象科学数据共享服务网的降雨数据、NASA的SRTM90mDEM地形数据、河网数据以及对2007年全国统计年鉴进行空间化所得的人口和GDP数据作为因子,应用层次分析法计算了各因子的权重,基于洪涝灾害形成机制计算了初始的松花江洪涝风险指数。在此基础上,获取历史洪涝灾情频次数据和HJ-1实时遥感影像提取的水体淹没范围数据,利用地图代数法来对初始的风险指数进行改进。考虑历史洪涝风险的规律性和风险评测时的具体水体范围信息,使得所得结果能够反映松花江流域洪涝灾害的综合风险,具有一定的现势性,为防灾减灾提供了依据。%Disaster risk assessment is one of the simplest and most effective measures of disaster prevention and reduction. This paper proposed a method to improve the traditional model of regional flood risk assessment based on real-time remote sensing monitoring data and historical flood disaster data. The studied area is Songhua River Ba- sin. Rainfall data taken from China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System, 90m digital elevation model (DEM) data from America National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and population density and the gross domestic products (GDP) data from the national statistical almanac of 2007 were selected as influence factors in this research. Weightings of the influence factors were computed using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and a primary flood risk index was calculated based on the flooding disaster formation Mechanism. Then, the primary risk index was improved using the approach of map algebra based on the historical flood frequency data and the real-time flooding area generated from Huanjing Satellites

  16. Effect of catalogues coordinate errors of a star onto determination of the physical libration of the Moon from the observations of stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, Natalia; Kocoulin, Valerii; Nefediev, Yurii

    2016-07-01

    In the Kazan University computer simulation is carried out for observation of lunar physical libration in projects planned installation of measuring equipment on the lunar surface. One such project is the project of ILOM (Japan), in which on the lunar pole an optical telescope with CCD will be equipped. As a result, the determining the selenographic coordinates (x and y) of a star with an accuracy of 1 ms of arc will be achieved. On the basis of the analytical theory of physical libration we developed a technique for solving the inverse problem of the libration. And we have already shown, for example, that the error in determining selenographic coordinates about ɛ seconds does not lead to errors in the determination of the libration angles ρ and Iσ larger than the 1.414ɛ. Libration in longitude is not determined from observations of the polar star (Petrova et al., 2012). The accuracy of the libration in the inverse problem depends on accuracy of the coordinates of the stars - α and δ - taken from the star catalogs. Checking this influence is the task of the present study. To do simulation we have developed that allows to choose the stars, falling in the field of view of the lunar telescope on observation period. Equatorial coordinates of stars were chosen by us from several fundamental catalogs: UCAC2-BSS, Hipparcos, Tycho, FK6 (part I, III) and the Astronomical Almanac. An analysis of these catalogues from the point of view accuracy of coordinates of stars represented in them was performed by Nefediev et al., 2013. The largest error, 20-70 ms, found in the catalogues UCAC2 and Tycho, the others have an error about a millisecond of arc. We simulated the observations with mentioned errors and got the following results. 1. The error in the declination Δδ of the star causes the same order error in libration parameters ρ and Iσ , while the sensitivity of libration to errors in Δα is ten time smaller. Fortunately, due to statistics (30 to 70, depending on

  17. Atenção e presença física: dimensões expressivas e a prática dialógica do cuidado de enfermagem na perspectiva do cliente hospitalizado Atención y presencia física: dimensiones expresivas y práctica dialógica de la atención de enfermería en la perspectiva del cliente hospitalizado Attention and physical presence: expressive dimensions and the dialogical practice of nursing care according to the perpective of the hospitalized client

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Maria da Silva de Barcelos

    2006-02-01

    , according to Freire. Five persons participated with internment experience, under ambulatory follow up in a hospital of Rio de Janeiro city. It used the triangulation techniques: almanac, semi-structured interview and participant observation. It showed the importance of the valorization of that is necessary and of interest of the client from the attention and the physical presence as essential requirements in the human care, expressed in the dialogical experience and in the participation of the client in the whole care process.

  18. Tipologia de cuidados de enfermagem segundo clientes hospitalizados: encontro das dimensões técnico-científica e expressiva Tipología de la atención de enfermería según clientes hospitalizados: encuentro de las dimensiones técnico-científica y expresiva Typology of nursing care according to hospitalized clients: scientific-technical and expressive dimensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Alvarenga de Figueiredo Martins

    2010-03-01

    sobre los cuidados en el hospital colabora para promover un ambiente que favorezca su restauración a través de la efectividad del cuidado.This qualitative-descriptive study was carried out in a school hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from August 2007 to December 2008. Nursing care was described and characterized based on the perceptions of 26 hospitalized patients. Data collection was carried out through interviews and the "Almanac" creative and sensitivity technique, followed by thematic content analysis from which the following category emerged: "Nursing care dimensions from the subjects' perspectives: scientific-technical and expressive". The results show that these dimensions should be manifested in a coordinated way and integral care should be designed and constructed in the relationship with the other. The participants value and defend an alliance between these dimensions and expect nurses to integrate them into care actions. Knowledge about the patients' perceptions concerning hospital care collaborates to the promotion of the environment and favors its restoration through effective care generated in this relationship.

  19. Sentimentos de familiares acompanhantes de adultos face ao processo de hospitalização Sentimientos de los familiares acompañantes de adultos frente al proceso de hospitalización Feelings of family companions of adults regarding hospitalization process

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    Margrid Beuter

    2012-03-01

    comunicación clara y cohesiva y el establecimiento de una relación solidaria con el familiar acompañante contribuirán en la superación de aquellos sentimientos.The following research was conducted aiming to describe the feelings of family companions during the hospitalization of family members and identify the strategies adopted by the nursing team to help the family companion in coping with the hospitalization in an internal medicine unit. This is a qualitative study, using the Creative and Sensitive Method for the production of data through the "Almanac" dynamic. Data were subjected to French discourse analysis emerging two topics: feeling of family companions from the hospitalization process and strategies of nursing team to help family companion in coping patient's hospitalization. Identify the feelings of loneliness, abandonment, apprehension, desperation, and impotence. Strategies like praying and support groups, the use of clear and cohesive communication and the establishment of a supportive relationship with a family companion will contribute in overcoming those feelings.

  20. Best Reference Practices are Not Observed in Telephone Ready Reference Services. A review of: Agosto, Denise A. and Holly Anderton. “Whatever Happened to ‘Always Cite the Source?’” Reference & User Services Quarterly 47.1 (2007: 44-54.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie McKenna

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To study source citing practice in telephone reference service in large public libraries in the United States and Canada. Design – Field simulation (unobtrusive testing.Setting – Large public libraries in the United States and Canada.Subjects – Telephone reference staff of the 25 largest public libraries in the United States and Canada.Methods – The 2005 World Book Almanac was used to select the 25 largest (in terms of population served public libraries in Canada and the United States. Each system’s Web site was checked to locate the telephone number for reference service. For some systems it was necessary to call the general telephone number for the main library or the first branch listed on the Web site. Five ready reference test questions were developed from a list of questions that students in a graduate library and information science course had previously asked of public library telephone reference services. The selected questions in the order that they were asked were: 1. Can you tell me when Valentine’s Day is?2. Who is the current governor/premier (of the state/province where the library is located?3. What is the population of Montana?4. In which state is the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC located?5. What is the French word for “chiropractor”?The authors called each of the 25 libraries during five consecutive weeks at different times of the business day. Each week, one question was asked; once an answer was received, no clarification was requested and the call was ended. The study reports the results of 125 reference transactions. For this study, the following definitions were used to assess complete citation for each type of information resource:• For a Web site – the complete URL (title and sponsor of the site not required.• For a digital database – the database title and the title and year of the specific item (author, publisher, page number not required.• For a print resource – the title

  1. Human relations in nursing care towards cancer patients submitted to antineoplastic chemotherapy La relación humana en el cuidado de enfermería al cliente con cáncer sometido a la terapia antineoplásica A relação humana no cuidado de enfermagem junto ao cliente com câncer submetido à terapêutica antineoplásica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conceição Adriana Sales Fontes

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationship between nurses and cancer patients, in the context of chemotherapy, according to the client's perception; to analyze nursing practice in oncology, based on human healthcare principles. METHODS: This is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive research. Ten clients undergoing chemotherapy treatment took part in the study. The "Almanac" techniques of creativity and sensitivity were associated to semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: The subjects' discourses revealed that nursing care is supported on principles that are proper of human relations, such as friendship, affection, attention, tolerance and solidarity. It was also highlighted that the nurse's actions join technical and human attributes together, considering life as a fundamental ethical value in relation to human dignity as the main interaction element in healthcare. CONCLUSIONS: The results contributed for the reflection about nursing care within chemotherapy, collaborating with possible changes in the nurse's oncology healthcare practice with this client, who already is very stigmatized by the social construction of the disease.OBJETIVOS: Describir la relación entre la enfermera y el cliente con cáncer, dentro del contexto de la quimioterapia, según la perspectiva del cliente y analizar la práctica de la enfermera en el área de oncología basada en los preceptos del cuidado humano. MÉTODOS: se trata de una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria y descriptiva. Participaron diez clientes que recibían tratamiento de quimioterapia. Se utilizó la técnica de creatividad y sensibilidad "Almanaque" paralelamente a la entrevista semiestructurada. RESULTADOS: El discurso de los sujetos reveló que el cuidado de enfermería se apoya en los principios propios de la relación humana, como la amistad, el cariño, la atención, la tolerancia y la solidaridad. Además, destaca que las acciones de la enfermera involucran atributos técnicos y humanos

  2. Inter-Regional Virtual Water Trade Model and Its Application in Shanxi Province%区域间虚拟水贸易模型及其在山西省的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李方一; 刘卫东; 刘红光

    2012-01-01

    case area. We have calculated the direct water use coefficients of industries in Shanxi based on the Chinese Environmental Statistical Yearbook and Almanac of Chinese Second Economic Census, estimated the total amount of virtual water trade of Shanxi and other provinces according to the inter-regional trade relations and revealed the spatial pattern of virtual water trade. The main conclusions are: 1) In 2007, the total amount of water consumption of Shanxi Province was 5.871 billion cubic meters, and 153 million cubic meters of virtual water was imported from other regions of China through industrial and agricultural products trade; 2) Virtual water imported through agricultural trade was 489 million cubic meters, mainly from Xinjiang, Shaanxi, Hebei and Anhui. Virtual water exported to other regions of China through industrial products trade was 336 million cubic meters, mainly to Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hubei, Zhejiang and Guangdong; 3) Virtual water sources of Shanxi are west region and northeast region of China while the target areas are mianly east coastal provinces, which goes against the traditional virtual water strategy; 4) The main export sectors of virtual water in Shanxi are energy and energy-related industries, while the main import sectors are agriculture and manufacturing industries. Terefore, we should actively promote virtual water policy in Shanxi Province to form sustainable water use spatial pattern, including developing water saving industries and importing virtual water from other water-rich regions through commodity trade.

  3. 河南省居民人均烟草消费与肺癌死亡率关联研究%Research on the association between per-capita tobacco consumption among the permanent residents and lung cancer mortality in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽; 孙锦峰; 冯丽云

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨河南省居民家庭人均烟草消费与肺癌死亡率的关系,为降低肺癌死亡率提供佐证,并为控制烟草政策的制定提供依据.方法 利用1992-2011年河南省居民肺癌死亡率、居民家庭人均烟草消费资料,采用趋势检验法分析变化趋势;Spearman秩相关分析关联性,滞后时间单位为10年.拟合居民家庭烟草消费与肺癌死亡率关系.结果 河南省居民肺癌死亡率由1992年的14.75/10万上升至2011年27.00/10万,增长率为83.05%;居民家庭烟草消费与肺癌死亡率呈上升并有滞后的趋势,1992-2001年居民家庭人均烟草消费与2002-2011年肺癌死亡率关联性为rs=0.770,P=0.009<0.05,差异有统计学意义.随着烟草消费上升,肺癌死亡率也上升,模型为(y)=2.60x0.46(F=576.483,P<0.001),决定系数为0.667.结论 河南省居民家庭人均烟草消费对肺癌死亡率有影响,两者间存在关联性并有滞后趋势.%Objective To study the relationship of per-capita tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality in Henan province,and to provide evidence for policy development on tobacco control and reduction of lung cancer mortality.Methods Data regarding lung cancer mortality and per-capita tobacco consumption among household residents from 1992 to 2011,was collected from published almanacs in Henan and Henan Tumor Institutes.Trend Method was used to analyze the development of lung cancer in Henan province and the trend of per-capita tobacco consumption of residents in the household.‘Spearman rank correlation' was used to analyze the correlation between per-capita tobacco consumption of residents in the household from 1992 to 2001 and the lung cancer mortality rates from 2002 to 2011,with the lag time unite as 10 years in this study.Cure Estimation was used to fit the model regarding the relationship between per-capita tobacco consumption of residents in the household and lung cancer.Results Lung cancer mortality among those

  4. 2000-2009年长春、吉林城市蔓延特征、效应与驱动力比较研究%Comparative analysis of characteristics, effects and driving factors of urban sprawl in Changchun-Jilin during 2000-2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙平军; 封小平; 孙弘; 修春亮

    2013-01-01

    经济核心区是国家和地区经济增长、城市化发展的主要空间,也是城市蔓延最为严峻的区域.长(春)吉(林)一体化地区是中国图们江区域合作开发开放的先导区和东北地区的粮食主产区,肩负着“经济增长”、“人口城镇化”和“粮食安全”等多重责任.基于2000、2005、2009年的遥感图像和相关年份的统计年鉴,结合GIS和SPSS统计工具,对长、吉城市蔓延的程度、方式、效应与驱动力因子进行了比较分析.结果表明:用地扩展水平上长春市明显强于吉林市,且吉林市还表现出明显的阶段性特征;蔓延程度上,两市都表现出集约度低下、蔓延程度大的特性;蔓延方式上,长春市以“近域推进”式蔓延为主,吉林市以“轴带扩展”式蔓延为主;蔓延效应上,都带来了一系列负面效应,但长春市程度要重;在蔓延驱动力上,工业化和投资拉动是两者共同的主导影响因子,带有明显的政府导向性特征.文中提倡城市内部土地节约集约利用、区际培育城市群以形成合理的城市规模.%Economic core regions are the main space of national and regional economic growth and urbanization development, but at the same time face the severe problems of urban sprawl. The integrated Changchun-Ji-lin(Chang-Ji) region is an economic core region on a national scale, a pilot of cooperative development and opening in Tumenjiang region, and the major grain producing region in northeastern China. It shoulders multiple responsibilities such as economic growth, urbanization of population and food security. Therefore, selecting Chang-Ji as a research object for the study of urban sprawl is representative and of great practical significance. Based on remote sensing images in 2000, 2005, 2009's and Almanacs of the related years, using GIS and SPSS statistical tools, we conducted a comparative analysis on the extent, process, effects and driving factors of urban

  5. Relativistic Celestial Mechanics of the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopeikin, Sergei; Efroimsky, Michael; Kaplan, George

    2011-09-01

    initio within the relativistic framework presented in the other resolutions (in that regard, there still exist some difficult problems to solve), their relativistic terms are accurate enough for all the current and near-future observational techniques. At that level, the Earth rotation models are consistent with the general relativity framework recommended by the IAU and considered in this book. The chapter presents practical algorithms for implementing the recommended models. The appendices to the book contain a list of astronomical constants and the original text of the relevant IAU resolutions adopted by the IAU General Assemblies in 1997, 2000, 2006, and 2009. Numerous colleagues have contributed to this book in one way or or another. It is a pleasure for us to acknowledge the enlightening discussions which one or more of the authors had on different occasions with Victor A. Brumberg of the Institute of Applied Astronomy (St. Petersburg, Russia); Tianyi Huang and Yi Xie of Nanjing University (China); Edward B. Fomalont of the National Radio Astronomical Observatory (USA); Valeri V. Makarov, William J. Tangren, and James L. Hilton of the US Naval Observatory; Gerhard Schäfer of the Institute of Theoretical Physics (Jena, Germany); Clifford M. Will of Washington University (St. Louis, USA); Ignazio Ciufolini of the Università del Salento and INFN Sezione di Lecce (Italy); and Patrick Wallace, retired from Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (UK). We also would like to thank Richard G. French of Wellesley College (Massachusetts, USA); Michael Soffel and Sergei Klioner of the Technical University of Dresden; Bahram Mashhoon of the University of Missouri-Columbia; John D. Anderson, retired from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (USA); the late Giacomo Giampieri, also of JPL; Michael Kramer, Axel Jessner, and Norbert Wex of the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (Bonn, Germany); Alexander F. Zakharov of the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Moscow

  6. Sõdadevaheline vene emigratsioon suures ilmas ja väikeses Eesti / Interwar Russian Emigration in the Larger World and "Little Estonia"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Belobrovtseva

    2015-06-01

    , literary circles were active at different times. Among them was the Revel Literary Circle, founded in 1898, the oldest and most unusual gathering place for educated people. Poets’ workshops in Tallinn and Tartu were among the more interesting societies in Estonia, aimed more specifically at poets of the younger generation. Members of the Tallinn workshop created their own almanac, „Nov“, and published a magazine, Polevõje Tsvetõ. All of these phenomena and problems must be situated in the context of the larger world. The Russian emigration is far from being merely a unique phenomenon of life and work outside of the homeland; indeed, it exerted a strong influence on the culture, scholarship, and literature of the countries of settlement. Among the greatest achievements of 20th century humanity are the works of Nobel laureate and writer Ivan Bunin, prose writer Vladimir Nabokov, artists Marc Chagall, Konstantin Korovin, Aleksander Benois, and Vassily Kandinsky; the theories of Noble laureate, physicist and chemist Ilya Prigogine; the works of composers Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Igor Stravinsky; actor and theatre director Mikhail Chekhov; constructor Igor Sikorsky; chemist Vladimir Ipatjev. No less important in Estonian culture were poet Igor Severjanin, architect Aleksander Vladovski, representatives of Russian classical ballet (Tamara Beck, Jevgenia Litvinova; artists Anatoli Kaigorodov, Nikolai Kalmakov, and Andrei Jegorov.

  7. Obituary: Thomas C. Van Flandern (1940-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunham, David; Slabinski, Victor

    2011-12-01

    Georgetown University studying astronomy. On July 6, 1963, Tom Van Flandern married Barbara Ann Weber in Kentucky. They remained together until his passing 46 years later. They had four children, Michael, Constance, Brian, and Kevin. Also in 1963, Tom began work in the Nautical Almanac Office of the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC. He became an expert on refining the lunar orbit from timings of lunar occultations, then the best observations for that purpose. He encouraged observations by providing observers with predictions of occultations for their locations. He designed a cable system connecting all observers timing a grazing occultation, to record their observations at a central station. After a 1964 success, four amateur astronomical societies built similar cable systems. Tom Van Flandern relished efforts to simplify computer calculations. He and Henry Fliegel developed an algorithm to calculate a Julian date from a Gregorian date that would fit on a single IBM card. They published this in a paper, "A machine algorithm for processing calendar dates" in 1968 in the Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery. This was used in countless business applications worldwide. With Kenneth Pulkkinen, he published "Low precision formulae for planetary positions", in Ap. J. Supp. in 1979. The paper set a record for the number of reprints requested from that journal. Tom Van Flandern earned a PhD in astronomy from Yale University in 1969. His thesis was "A discussion of 1950-1968 occultations of stars by the Moon," advised by Prof. G. M. Clemence. In 1976 Van Flandern asserted that the orbits of 60 long-period comets traced to a common origin, supporting Michael Ovenden's exploded planet hypothesis. He founded the non-profit Meta Research, Inc. in 1990 to provide support for alternative theories in astronomy. The Meta Research Bulletin reported the newest discoveries and how they presented difficulties to accepted astronomical theories, such as the Big Bang and

  8. Obituary: Brian Marsden (1937-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Gareth; Marsden, Cynthia

    2011-12-01

    Brian Geoffrey Marsden was born on 1937 August 5 in Cambridge, England. His father, Thomas, was the senior mathematics teacher at a local high school. It was his mother, Eileen (nee West), however, who introduced him to the study of astronomy, when he returned home on the Thursday during his first week in primary school in 1942 and found her sitting in the back yard watching an eclipse of the sun. Using now frowned-upon candle-smoked glass, they sat watching the changing bite out of the sun. What most impressed the budding astronomer, however, was not that the eclipse could be seen, but the fact that it had been predicted in advance, and it was the idea that one could make successful predictions of events in the sky that eventually led him to his career. When, at the age of 11, he entered the Perse School in Cambridge he was developing primitive methods for calculating the positions of the planets. He soon realized that earlier astronomers had come up with more accurate procedures for doing this over the centuries, and during the next couple of years this led to his introduction to the library of the Cambridge University Observatories and his study of how eclipses, for example, could be precisely computed. Together with a couple of other students he formed a school Astronomical Society, of which he served as the secretary. At the age of 16 he joined and began regularly attending the monthly London meetings of the British Astronomical Association. He quickly became involved with the Association's Computing Section, which was known specifically for making astronomical predictions other than those that were routinely being prepared by professional astronomers for publication in almanacs around the world. Under the watchful eyes of the director and assistant director of the Computing Section, this led him to prepare and publish predictions of the occasions when one of Jupiter's moons could be seen to pass directly in front of another. He also calculated the