Sample records for alloy-in-738

  1. Microstructural characteristics of the nickel-based alloy IN738LC and the cobalt-based alloy Mar-M509 produced by selective laser melting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cloots, Michael, E-mail: [Inspire AG, ETH Zurich, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St. Gallen (Switzerland); Kunze, Karsten [Scientific Center of Optical and Electron Microscopy, ETH Zurich, Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Uggowitzer, Peter J. [Laboratory of Metal Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 4, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Wegener, Konrad [Institute of Machine Tools and Manufacturing (IWF), ETH Zurich, Leonhardstrasse 21, 8092 Zurich (Switzerland)


    This study investigates selective laser melting (SLM) of the nickel based superalloy IN738LC and the cobalt based alloy Mar-M509, and identifies the influence of process and material parameters on the resulting microstructure. Comprehensive microstructural characterization was performed using electron backscattered diffraction analysis. Significant differences between IN738LC and Mar-M509 were observed with respect to grain size, grain shape and texture sharpness. Alloy IN738LC exhibits coarse and elongated grains with a sharp texture and thus a pronounced mechanical anisotropy. Alloy Mar-M509 shows smaller grains with only moderate structural and mechanical anisotropy. The different microstructural and mechanical characteristics are attributed to the different recovery and recrystallization behavior of IN738LC and Mar-M509. The high stacking fault energy (SFE) of IN738LC results in pronounced recovery of lattice defects without affecting the basic grain structure, whereas the low SFE in Mar-M509 favors recrystallization with the effect of significant grain refinement and weakening of the solidification texture. The effect of microstructure and the structural anisotropy on the orientation-dependent values of the Young’s modulus and the mechanical properties are further discussed.

  2. Influence of different etchants on the representation of microstructures in nickel alloys; Einfluss verschiedener Aetzmittel auf die Gefuegedarstellung in Nickellegierungen

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    Speicher, Magdalena; Scheck, Rudi; Maile, Karl [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Materialpruefungsanstalt


    This work presents a comparison of selected nickel alloys of the same condition which were treated by means of specifically chosen etching techniques. Microstructures on microscope images of wrought Alloy 617, a casting variant of Alloy 625, a polycrystalline casting alloy IN-738 LC, as well as of a monocrystalline superalloy CM 247 LC SX, respectively, are juxtaposed and evaluated. This approach allows for a comprehensive optical microscopy characterization of the characteristic microstructural features.

  3. Microstructural causes of negative creep in cast superalloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frank, G.


    The dissertation examines by means of microstructural investigations and modelling calculations two types of superalloys: the nickel-base cast alloy IN 738 LC (γ'-hardened, containing MC and M 23 C 6 carbides), and the cobalt-base cast alloy FSX 414 (containing M 23 C 6 carbides, solid solution-hardened). The task was to determine the causes of microstructural volume contraction, in order to improve and facilitate explanation and extrapolation of the materials' long-term behaviour at high temperatures, and to derive if possible information on appropriate measures preventing negative creep, which may lead to critical damage of bolted joints, for instance. (orig./MM) [de

  4. Hot corrosion behavior of Ni based Inconel 617 and Inconel 738 superalloys

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    El-Awadi, G.A., E-mail: [Atomic Energy Authority, NRC, Cyclotron Project, Abo-zabal, 13759 Cairo (Egypt); Abdel-Samad, S., E-mail: [Atomic Energy Authority, NRC, Cyclotron Project, Abo-zabal, 13759 Cairo (Egypt); Elshazly, Ezzat S. [Atomic Energy Authority, NRC, Metallurgy Dept., Abo-zabal, 13759 Cairo (Egypt)


    Highlights: • Supperalloy good resistance to high temperature oxidation. • Ni-base alloy IN738 and Inconel 617 good resistance to hot corrosion. • Corrosion resistance of supperalloys depending on environment of abrasive ions such as (NaCl or NaSO{sub 4}). • Hot corrosion resistance depend on what the oxides phases where formed. - Abstract: Superalloys are extensively used at high temperature applications due to their good oxidation and corrosion resistance properties in addition to their high stability were made at high temperature. Experimental measurements of hot corrosion at high temperature of Inconel 617 and Inconel 738 superalloys. The experiments were carried out at temperatures 700 °C, 800 °C and 900 °C for different exposure times to up to 100 h. The corrosive media was NaCl and Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} sprayed on the specimens. Seven different specimens were used at each temperature. The corrosion process is endothermic and the spontaneity increased by increasing temperature. The activation energy was found to be Ea = 23.54 and E{sub a} = 25.18 KJ/mol for Inconel 738 and Inconel 617 respectively. X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) was used to analyze the formed scale. The morphology of the specimen and scale were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show that the major corrosion products formed were NiCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and Co Cr{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinles, in addition to Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

  5. Development of a microstructural-related description for the high temperature stress-strain behaviour of the turbine blade material IN 738 LC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Londschien, B.; Penkalla, H.J.; Schubert, F.; Nickel, H.


    Since more than 15 years, the nickel-base alloy IN 738 LC is used for stationary gas-turbine blades because of its good high temperature strength coupled with acceptable hot corrosion resistance. The high strength in the temperature range 700deg C to 1000deg C results primarily from the intermetallic phase γ' = Ni 3 (Al,Ti). The γ' precipitates restrict the motion of the dislocations. The high temperature deformation behaviour has been correlated with the morphology of the γ' precipitates. It was found that the deformation rate in short term creep experiments (up to 1000 hours) depended on the initial microstructure of the cast alloy. The microstructure could be characterized by γ' particle size and distribution in the matrix. A heat treatment was applied with the aim of producing a more stable microstructure, so that the long time creep behaviour does not depend so strongly on the initial microstructure. The structure development in the experiments could be described by the growth of the γ' precipitates, calculated from the diffusion rates of aluminium and titanium in the nickel matrix. During operation, the turbine blade is loaded with a multi axial stress comprising the centrifugal force, the thermally induced stationary and instationary stresses, and the bending stresses from the gas flow. It was shown in strain-rate controlled tension-torsion tests on hollow round samples, that the multiaxial stress-strain behaviour could be calculated using the invariant theory for isotropic materials with a comparative stress value from the uniaxial creep experiment, applying the von Mises theory. This mathematical model is useful for calculating the life time for a turbine blade which is multiaxially loaded. (orig.) [de

  6. Analysis and description of the long-term creep behaviour of high-temperature gas turbine materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartsch, H.


    On a series of standard high-temperature gas turbine materials, creep tests were accomplished with the aim to obtain improved data on the long-term creep behaviour. The tests were carried out in the range of the main application temperatures of the materials and in the range of low stresses and elongations similar to operation conditions. They lasted about 5000 to 16000 h at maximum. At all important temperatures additional annealing tests lasting up to about 10000 h were carried out for the determination of a material-induced structure contraction. Thermal tension tests were effected for the description of elastoplastic short-time behaviour. As typical selection of materials the nickel investment casting alloys IN-738 LC, IN-939 and Udimet 500 for industrial turbine blades, IN-100 for aviation turbine blades and IN-713 C for integrally cast wheels of exhaust gas turbochargers were investigated, and also the nickel forge alloy Inconel 718 for industrial and aviation turbine disks and Nimonic 101 for industrial turbine blades and finally the cobalt alloy FSC 414 for guide blades and heat accumulation segments of industrial gas turbines. The creep tests were started on long-period individual creep testing machines with high strain measuring accuracy and economically continued on long-period multispecimen creep testing machines with long duration of test. The test results of this mixed test method were first subjected to a conventional evaluation in logarithmic time yield and creep diagrams which besides creep strength curves provided creep stress limit curves down to 0.2% residual strain. (orig./MM) [de

  7. Thermo-mechanical fatigue behaviour of the near-{gamma}-titanium aluminide alloy TNB-V5 under uniaxial and multiaxial loading

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    Brookes, Stephen Peter


    -strain history. The effects of TMF on the microstructure were also investigated. For all types of tests intergranular fracture is predominant. Failure is strongly influenced by environmental conditions. This study compares TMF results of TiAl with previous TMF investigations on the nickel-based alloys IN 738 and Nimonic 90. IN 738 shows similar TMF behaviour to {gamma}-TiAl in that uniaxial IP loading has the longest fatigue lifetimes. Nimonic 90 shows the opposite behaviour to both of these alloys. A lifetime model developed for this near-{gamma}-TiAl alloy, successfully describes all temperaturestrain TMF loading conditions over the test temperature range, with the use of a single loading parameter. The loading parameter is based on the plastic work per cycle, and is not only dependant on the mean tensile stress but also on the maximum principal stress. The loading parameter responds to various strain-temperature-paths differently. It describes the lifetime relation between uniaxial IP and OP loading, axial and torsional loading and the hold period effect. (orig.)